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Sample records for application contract de-fc05-97or22606

  1. DELTA-DIESEL ENGINE LIGHT TRUCK APPLICATION Contract DE-FC05-97OR22606 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hakim, Nabil Balnaves, Mike

    2003-05-27

    DELTA Diesel Engine Light Truck Application End of Contract Report DE-FC05-97-OR22606 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report is the final technical report of the Diesel Engine Light Truck Application (DELTA) program under contract DE-FC05-97-OR22606. During the course of this contract, Detroit Diesel Corporation analyzed, designed, tooled, developed and applied the ''Proof of Concept'' (Generation 0) 4.0L V-6 DELTA engine and designed the successor ''Production Technology Demonstration'' (Generation 1) 4.0L V-6 DELTA engine. The objectives of DELTA Program contract DE-FC05-97-OR22606 were to: Demonstrate production-viable diesel engine technologies, specifically intended for the North American LDT and SUV markets; Demonstrate emissions compliance with significant fuel economy advantages. With a clean sheet design, DDC produced the DELTA engine concept promising the following attributes: 30-50% improved fuel economy; Low cost; Good durability and reliability; Acceptable noise, vibration and harshness (NVH); State-of-the-art features; Even firing, 4 valves per cylinder; High pressure common rail fuel system; Electronically controlled; Turbocharged, intercooled, cooled EGR; Extremely low emissions via CLEAN Combustion{copyright} technology. To demonstrate the engine technology in the SUV market, DDC repowered a 1999 Dodge Durango with the DELTA Generation 0 engine. Fuel economy improvements were approximately 50% better than the gasoline engine replaced in the vehicle.

  2. Diesel Engine Light Truck Application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2007-12-31

    The Diesel Engine Light Truck Application (DELTA) program consists of two major contracts with the Department of Energy (DOE). The first one under DE-FC05-97-OR22606, starting from 1997, was completed in 2001, and consequently, a final report was submitted to DOE in 2003. The second part of the contract was under DE-FC05-02OR22909, covering the program progress from 2002 to 2007. This report is the final report of the second part of the program under contract DE-FC05-02OR22909. During the course of this contract, the program work scope and objectives were significantly changed. From 2002 to 2004, the DELTA program continued working on light-duty engine development with the 4.0L V6 DELTA engine, following the accomplishments made from the first part of the program under DE-FC05-97-OR22606. The program work scope in 2005-2007 was changed to the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) soot layer characterization and substrate material assessment. This final report will cover two major technical tasks. (1) Continuation of the DELTA engine development to demonstrate production-viable diesel engine technologies and to demonstrate emissions compliance with significant fuel economy advantages, covering progress made from 2002 to 2004. (2) DPF soot layer characterization and substrate material assessment from 2005-2007.

  3. The law applicable to International Mediation Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Orejudo Prieto de los Mozos, Patricia

    2011-01-01

    Mediation entails the provision of the services of a professional, the mediator, who holds a legal relationship with the disputants: the mediation contract. Where there are transnational elements in the mediation process, the contract is of an international character. In such situation, the Laws of the diverse States involved could claim to be applicable to the same contract. The determination of the (only) Law applicable is of upmost interest in spite of the high degree of standardization of...

  4. Contracting preference relations for database applications

    OpenAIRE

    Mindolin, Denis; Chomicki, Jan

    2009-01-01

    The binary relation framework has been shown to be applicable to many real-life preference handling scenarios. Here we study preference contraction: the problem of discarding selected preferences. We argue that the property of minimality and the preservation of strict partial orders are crucial for contractions. Contractions can be further constrained by specifying which preferences should be protected. We consider two classes of preference relations: finite and finitely representable. We pre...

  5. Doubly contracted CI method and applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Yubin; HAN; Huixian; ZHAI; Gaohong; SUO; Bin; WEN; Zh

    2004-01-01

    [1]Buenker, R. J., Peyerrimhoff, S. D., Theor. Chim. Acta, 1968, 12:5803.[2]Hanrath, M., Engels, B., New algorithms for an individually selecting MR-CI program, Chem. Phys., 1997, 225: 197-202.[3]Werner, H. -J, Knowles, P. J., An efficient internally contracted multiconfiguration-reference configuration interaction method, J.Chem. Phys., 1988, 89: 5803-5814.[4]Dobbyn, A. J., Knowles, P. J., Harrison, R. J., Parallel internally contracted multireference configuration interaction, J. Comput.Chem., 1998, 19: 1215-1228.[5]Siegbahn, P. S. M., The externally contracted CI method applied to N2, Int. J. Quantum Chem., 1983, 23: 1869-1889.[6]Lee, T. J., Theory for externally contracted configuration interaction energy gradients, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 87: 2825-2831.[7]Wang Yubin, Gan Zhengting, Su Kehe et al., An adjustable contracted CI method, Science in China, Series B, 1999, 42: 649-655.[8]Wenzel, W., Steiner, M. M., Wilson, K. G., Multireference Basis-Set Reduction, Int. J. Quantum Chemistry, 1996, S30: 113-118.[9]Walter, D., Carter, E. A., Multi-reference weak pairs local configuration interaction: efficient calculations of bond breaking,Chem. Phys. Letters, 2001, 346: 177-185.[10]Wang Yubin, Hong Xingji, Liu Jun, et al., Structures and potential energy surfaces of lithium isocyanide and its isomers, Theochem,1996, 369: 173-182.[11]Bian Wensheng, Werner J, Global ab initio potential energy surface for the ClH2 reactive system, J. Chem. Phys., 2000, 112:220-229.[12]Yang Minghui, Zhang, D. H., Collins, M. A. et al., Ab initio potential-energy surfaces for the reactions OH+H2 ←→H2O+H, J.Chem. Phys., 2001, 115: 174-178.[13]Zhai Gaohong, Wang Yubin, Shi Ting et al., Global many-body potential energy surface of ground state H2O+, Chemical Journal of Chinese Universities, 2003, 24: 2039-2043.[14]Paldus, J., Boyle, M. J., Unitary group approach to the many-electron correlation problem via graphical methods of spin

  6. Quantitative application study on the control system of contract progress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quantitative application study on the control system of contract progress, which is based on project management theory and PDCA cycle methods, provides a new way for the contract business management of enterprise, in line with the current situation and the nuclear power enterprise performance management needs. The concept of the system, system development, program design and development of ERP (VBA design) which come from the work experience summary of business managers are convenient and feasible in practical applications. By way of the applications in 2009, 2010, 2011 three-year overhaul contract management and continuous adjustment it has become an important business management tool, which not only effectively guaranteed the contract time and efficiency, but also combines the performance management and contract progress management. This study has provided useful reference for the enterprise management. (authors)

  7. The Ja’ala Contract and its Applicability to the Mining Sector (Research Paper)

    OpenAIRE

    Bendjilali, Boualem

    2004-01-01

    The paper focuses its attention on the Ja’ala contract as an alternative for the existing concession contract to develop a framework towards formulating an Islamic contract theory with applications to the different sectors of the economy.

  8. JURISDICTION RULES APPLICABLE TO CONTRACTS CONCLUDED BY ELECTRONIC MEANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIHAELA GIURANIUC (TUDORACHE

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyse the legislation, doctrinal opinions and relevant case law regarding the rules of jurisdiction applicable to the cases arising from contracts concluded by electronic means (e-contracts.Considering the elements of foreign origin that often affect this type of contracts, and the lack of a global agreement regarding international jurisdiction and recognition and enforcement of judgements, the objectives pursued by the author are:- identification of rules of jurisdiction applicable to the cases arising from e-contracts,- identification of problems that could arise from law’s interpretation,- issuing of the de lege ferenda proposals.At European Union level, according to the provisions of Brussels I Regulation, as a general rule, actions against a person domiciled in a Member State shall be brought to the courts of that State.According to the same Regulation, cases resulting from a contractual relationship may be decided by the courts of the place of performance of the contractual obligation. In lack of specific jurisdictional rules, the above rules apply to B2B e-contracts. In the case of B2C e-contracts, the consumer can bring proceedings either before the courts of the Member State of his domicile or before the courts of the Member State of the defendant’s domicile. The consumer can only be sued in the Member State of his domicile. The rules protecting the consumer apply if the trader ‘directs its activities’ to the Member State in which the consumer is domiciled. If the defendant is not domiciled in a Member State, the international jurisdiction is determined, in each Member State, according to its national rules of international private laws.

  9. On the application of copula in modeling maintenance contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iskandar, B. P.; Husniah, H.

    2016-02-01

    This paper deals with the application of copula in maintenance contracts for a nonrepayable item. Failures of the item are modeled using a two dimensional approach where age and usage of the item and this requires a bi-variate distribution to modelling failures. When the item fails then corrective maintenance (CM) is minimally repaired. CM can be outsourced to an external agent or done in house. The decision problem for the owner is to find the maximum total profit whilst for the agent is to determine the optimal price of the contract. We obtain the mathematical models of the decision problems for the owner as well as the agent using a Nash game theory formulation.

  10. Fixed Point Results for α-ψ-Contractive Mappings Including Almost Contractions and Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonca Durmaz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the recent paper (B. Samet, C. Vetro, and P. Vetro, Fixed point theorems for α-ψ-contractive type mappings, Nonlinear Analysis. Theory, Methods and Applications, 75 (2012, 2154-2165., the authors introduced the concept of α-admissible maps on metric spaces. Using this new concept, they presented some nice fixed point results. Also, they gave an existence theorem for integral equation to show the usability of their result. Then, many authors focused on this new concept and obtained a lot of fixed point results, which are used for existence theorems. In this paper, we not only extend some of the recent results about this direction but also generalize them. Then, we give some examples to show our results are proper extensions. Furthermore, we use our results to obtain the existence and uniqueness result for a solution of fourth order two-point boundary value problem.

  11. Gaining Confidence in Scientific Applications Through Executable Interface Contracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlgren, T; Bernholdt, D; McInnes, L C

    2008-06-16

    Interface contract enforcement is intended to help scientists gain confidence in software built from third-party components. Unfamiliar components present increased risk of incorrect or unanticipated usage patterns and unexpected component behavior. Executable interface contracts can address these issues but may incur unacceptable overhead. Research into techniques for performance-driven contract enforcement pursues practical solutions to adapting the level of contract enforcement to performance constraints.

  12. General elements in anticanonical systems of threefolds with divisorial contractions and applications to classification

    OpenAIRE

    Kawakita, Masayuki

    2001-01-01

    We treat threefolds with divisorial contractions whose exceptional divisors contract to compound Du Val points. We prove that general elements in their anticanonical systems around the exceptional divisors have at worst Du Val singularities. As applications to classification, we describe divisorial contractions to compound A_n points, and moreover we conclude that discrepancies of divisorial contractions to compound D_n or E_n points are at most four.

  13. 25 CFR 163.63 - Contract, grant, or agreement application and award process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Contract, grant, or agreement application and award... GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS Alaska Native Technical Assistance Program § 163.63 Contract, grant, or agreement application and award process. (a) At such time that the budget for ANCSA corporation...

  14. 48 CFR 52.233-4 - Applicable Law for Breach of Contract Claim.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applicable Law for Breach of Contract Claim. 52.233-4 Section 52.233-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.233-4 Applicable Law...

  15. 78 FR 4478 - Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program: Application Process for Contract Awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... MANAGEMENT Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program: Application Process for Contract Awards AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice of Application Process for Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program Contract Awards. SUMMARY: The U. S. Office of Personnel...

  16. Reflections on the law applicable to international oil contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Otero García-Castrillón, Carmen

    2013-01-01

    Business activity in the hydrocarbon sector, involving the extraction of natural resources essential to maintain our modern lifestyle, begins with the negotiation of oil and gas exploration and exploitation contracts. Apart from the traditional role of the parties’ contractual autonomy, determining the legal regime of these contracts necessitates considering the role of international law, the development of oil sector-specific international rules (lex petrolea), and the impact of the imperati...

  17. DOE/FORD fuel cell contract for automotive application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Djong-Gie Oei

    1995-08-01

    The objectives of the contract are twofold. The first objective is to assess the feasibility of using a direct hydrogen fueled PEM fuel cell engine to power a midsize passenger car through the various drive cycles and test such a propulsion system on a test bed. The second objective is to study the supply infrastructure and safety aspects of hydrogen for future practical implementation of PEM fuel cells.

  18. ELXED POINT THEOREM OF COMPOSITION g-CONTRACTION MAPPING AND ITS APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    云天铨

    2001-01-01

    Any composition sequential mapping, periodic composition mapping of a complete non-empty metric space M into M with geometric mean contraction ratio less than 1 ( simplifying as "g-contraction mapping" ) has a unique fixed point in M . Applications of the theorem to the proof of existence and uniqueness of the solutions of a set of non-linear differential equations and a coupled integral equations of symmetric bending of shallow shell of revolution are given.

  19. The strategic use of forward contracts: Applications in power markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lien, Jeffrey Scott

    This dissertation develops three theoretical models that analyze forward trading by firms with market power. The models are discussed in the context of recently restructured power markets, but the results can be applied more generally. The first model considers the profitability of large firms in markets with limited economies of scale and free entry. When large firms apply their market power, small firms benefit from the high prices without incurring the costs of restricted output. When entry is considered, and profit opportunity is determined by the cost of entry, this asymmetry creates the "curse of market power;" the long-run profits of large firms are reduced because of their market power. I suggest ways that large power producers can cope with the curse of market power, including the sale of long-term forward contracts. Past research has shown that forward contracts can demonstrate commitment to aggressive behavior to a competing duopolist. I add explicitly modeled entry to this literature, and make the potential entrants the audience of the forward sale. The existence of a forward market decreases equilibrium entry, increases the profits of large firms, and enhances economic efficiency. In the second model, a consumer representative, such as a state government or regulated distribution utility, bargains in the forward market on behalf of end-consumers who cannot organize together in the spot market. The ability to organize in forward markets allows consumers to encourage economic efficiency. When multiple producers are considered, I find that the ability to offer contracts also increases consumer surplus by decreasing the producers' profits. In some specifications of the model, consumers are able to capture the full gains from trade. The third model of this dissertation considers the ability of a large producer to take advantage of anonymity by randomly alternating between forward sales and forward purchases. The large producer uses its market power to

  20. Manual of contracts for the electricity sector. Contracts that work: Drafting and proper legal application. 2. rev. ed.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This manual deals fundamentally with the drafting of contracts for the electricity sector. It covers all types of contracts on both the customer and the network side with their various special clauses and variants, specifically: basic supply, substitute supply, supply contracts for private, commercial and industrial special customers as well as redistributors, EFET contracts, network access contracts, supplier framework contracts, feed-in contracts, grid connection contracts and connection use contracts. The manual also addresses questions concerning electricity customer insolvency, an issue of growing importance. The following topics are furthermore dealt with in a practically oriented manner and with care being taken to explain the underlying legal issues in readily understandable language. What basic framework conditions are specified by the new energy economy laws and general civil law? What possibilities are available in drafting contracts and what are the ramifications in each case? What subject matters in a contract are of particular economic significance? How can concession contracts be designed in a market-conforming way when there is strong competition for qualified rights of way? What opportunities and risks are associated with innovative products? What options for action does a supplier have in the event of (threatening) customer insolvency? Model contracts from day-to-day management practice and tips, checklists and cautioning notes round off this manual.

  1. THE DEVELOPMENT OF INSURANCE CONTRACT PROCESSING IN AN INSURANCE BUSSINESS APPLICATION

    OpenAIRE

    Vranešič, Primož

    2008-01-01

    Thesis includes presentation ov insurance bussiness application. The goal of it is to be used for processing insurance contracts. Aim of thesis is to present technologies and tools used in development of application with emphasis on technologies for data presentation Bussines application are important area of information technology. Their role is to automaticly process data. That allows a firm not to spend resources for manual data processing. All this increases productivity and cuts off ...

  2. Application of DTM for 2D viscous flow through expanding or contracting gaps with permeable walls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Mohammadian

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Differential Transformation Method is used to solve the problem of laminar, isothermal, incompressible and viscous flow in a rectangular domain bounded by two moving porous walls, which enable the fluid to enter or exit during successive expansions or contractions. The concept of this method is briefly introduced, and it’s application for this problem is studied. Then, the results are compared with numerical results and the validity of these methods is shown. After this verification, we analyze the effects of some physical applicable parameters to show the efficiency of DTM for this type of problems. Graphical results are presented to investigate the influence of the non-dimensional wall dilation rate ( and permeation Reynolds number ( on the velocity, normal pressure distribution and wall shear stress. The present problem for slowly expanding or contracting walls with weak permeability is a simple model for the transport of biological fluids through contracting or expanding vessels.

  3. Fixed point results for generalized alpha-psi-contractions in metric-like spaces and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassen Aydi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we introduce the concept of generalized $\\alpha\\text{-}\\psi$-contraction in the context of metric-like spaces and establish some related fixed point theorems. As consequences, we obtain some known fixed point results in the literature. Some examples and an application on two-point boundary value problems for second order differential equation are also considered.

  4. Fixed point theorems for mappings satisfying contractive conditions of integral type and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kang Shin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this paper, the existence, uniqueness and iterative approximations of fixed points for contractive mappings of integral type in complete metric spaces are established. As applications, the existence, uniqueness and iterative approximations of solutions for a class of functional equations arising in dynamic programming are discussed. The results presented in this paper extend and improve essentially the results of Branciari (A fixed point theorem for mappings satisfying a general contractive condition of integral type. Int. J. Math. Math. Sci. 29, 531-536, 2002, Kannan (Some results on fixed points. Bull. Calcutta Math. Soc. 60, 71-76, 1968 and several known results. Four concrete examples involving the contractive mappings of integral type with uncountably many points are constructed. 2010 Mathematics Subject Classfication: 54H25, 47H10, 49L20, 49L99, 90C39

  5. 17 CFR 33.5 - Application for designation as a contract market for the trading of commodity options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... a contract market for the trading of commodity options. 33.5 Section 33.5 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION REGULATION OF DOMESTIC EXCHANGE-TRADED COMMODITY OPTION TRANSACTIONS § 33.5 Application for designation as a contract market for the trading of commodity options....

  6. SC2: a System to Secure Off-Card Contract-Policy Matching in Security-by-Contract for Open Multi-Application Smart Cards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragoni, Nicola; Lostal, Eduardo; Papini, Davide

    2011-01-01

    smart card hosting the application. In this demonstration we show (SC)2 (Secure Communication over Smart Cards), a system developed to address a key issue of the SC framework, namely the secure outsourcing of the SC contract-policy matching service to a Trusted Third Party (TTP). (SC)2 secures the...... communication between a smart card and the TTP that provides the SC matching service....

  7. 48 CFR 12.505 - Applicability of certain laws to contracts for the acquisition of COTS items.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applicability of certain laws to contracts for the acquisition of COTS items. 12.505 Section 12.505 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS Applicability of Certain Laws to the Acquisition...

  8. 48 CFR 12.503 - Applicability of certain laws to Executive agency contracts for the acquisition of commercial items.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applicability of certain laws to Executive agency contracts for the acquisition of commercial items. 12.503 Section 12.503 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS Applicability of Certain...

  9. A Marketing-Finance Approach towards Industrial Channel Contract Relationships: A Model and Application

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pennings, J.M.E.

    2004-01-01

    Channel contract relations are dynamic. In this paper, it is argued that one of the drivers for this dynamism is a firm's strive for shareholder value. Using channel contract relationships as market-based assets, firms are managing a portfolio of spot and forward contract relationships. By exclusive

  10. Application of Sharī‘ah contracts in contemporary Islamic finance: A maqāṣid perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Younes Soualhi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research exposes the underlying maqāṣid embedded in Sharī‘ah contracts as applied in Islamic banking and finance. It addresses the problem of not observing maqāṣid in nominated and combined Sharī‘ah contracts as well as the problem of not sufficiently imbuing maqāṣid in products developed by Islamic financial institutions. As a benchmark of the maqāṣid of wealth, the research adopts Ibn ‘Āshūr’s classification of maqāṣid to evaluate the conformity of Sharī‘ah contracts to Maqāṣid al-Sharī‘ah namely, justice, circulation, transparency, and firmness. The study focuses on three markets related to the application of Sharī‘ah contracts, namely, banking, Islamic capital market, and takāful. The study concludes that, by and large, the application of Sharī‘ah contracts has observed Maqāṣid al-Sharī‘ah during its development and initial application stages of Islamic finance products; however, offering such products in the market has raised economic questions as to their viability and economic values. In addition, the malpractice of some Sharī‘ah contracts has long raised concerns as to the maqāṣid compliance of such products. The research recommends a de-sophistication of Islamic financial engineering to minimise the possibility of convergence with conventional finance. The research also emphasises product differentiation based on less complicated combined Sharī‘ah contracts.

  11. 48 CFR 212.503 - Applicability of certain laws to executive agency contracts for the acquisition of commercial items.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applicability of certain laws to executive agency contracts for the acquisition of commercial items. 212.503 Section 212.503 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION PLANNING ACQUISITION OF...

  12. 48 CFR 212.570 - Applicability of certain laws to contracts and subcontracts for the acquisition of commercially...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applicability of certain laws to contracts and subcontracts for the acquisition of commercially available off-the-shelf items. 212.570 Section 212.570 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION...

  13. Manual of contracts for the electricity sector. Contracts that work: Drafting and proper legal application. 2. rev. ed.; Vertragshandbuch Stromwirtschaft. Praxisgerechte Gestaltung und rechtssichere Anwendung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoene, Thomas (ed.)

    2014-07-01

    This manual deals fundamentally with the drafting of contracts for the electricity sector. It covers all types of contracts on both the customer and the network side with their various special clauses and variants, specifically: basic supply, substitute supply, supply contracts for private, commercial and industrial special customers as well as redistributors, EFET contracts, network access contracts, supplier framework contracts, feed-in contracts, grid connection contracts and connection use contracts. The manual also addresses questions concerning electricity customer insolvency, an issue of growing importance. The following topics are furthermore dealt with in a practically oriented manner and with care being taken to explain the underlying legal issues in readily understandable language. What basic framework conditions are specified by the new energy economy laws and general civil law? What possibilities are available in drafting contracts and what are the ramifications in each case? What subject matters in a contract are of particular economic significance? How can concession contracts be designed in a market-conforming way when there is strong competition for qualified rights of way? What opportunities and risks are associated with innovative products? What options for action does a supplier have in the event of (threatening) customer insolvency? Model contracts from day-to-day management practice and tips, checklists and cautioning notes round off this manual.

  14. VALUING MULTIPLE-EXERCISE OPTION CONTRACTS: METHODOLOGY AND APPLICATION TO WATER MARKETS

    OpenAIRE

    Villinski, Michele T.

    2004-01-01

    Option contracts for water are emerging in some U.S. states as institutional and legal modifications allow water users to devise new mechanisms to increase reliability of water supply in dry years. Option contracts for water, though, are structurally distinct from financial derivatives and often entail a lengthy lifespan and the opportunity for multiple exercise. In this paper I present the framework and results of a finite-horizon, discrete-time, stochastic dynamic programming methodology fo...

  15. Removal and contraction operations to define combinatorial pyramids: application to the design of a spatial modeler

    OpenAIRE

    Damiand, Guillaume; Dexet, Martine; Lienhardt, Pascal; Andres, Eric

    2005-01-01

    Removal and contraction are basic operations for several methods conceived in order to handle irregular image pyramids, for multi-level image analysis for instance. We give the definitions of removal and contraction operations in the generalized maps framework. We propose a first experimentation of irregular pyramid as a basis for a discrete geometrical modeler that can handle both discrete and continuous representations of geometrical objects. This modeler is based on a pyramidal kernel with...

  16. A Novel Fair Anonymous Contract Signing Protocol for E-Commerce Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.Damodaram

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available With the economy developing and popular Internet, the general concept of contract signing has changed.In the past, people usually sign a contract at the same time and same place face to face, but actually eachparty involved in contract may live in different part of earth, they want to sign something for business orsome other things in economic, efficient, secure and fairway. A fair contract signing protocol allows twopotentially mis-trusted parities to exchange their commitments (i.e., digital signatures to an agreedcontract over the Internet in a fair way, so that either each of them obtains the other’s signature, orneither party does. Based on the LUCAS signature scheme, a new digital anonymous contract signingprotocol is proposed in this paper. Like the existing LUCAS-based solutions for the same problem, ourprotocol is fair, anonymous and optimistic. Furthermore, the proposed protocol satisfied a newproperty, i.e., it is abuse-free. That is, if the protocol is executed unsuccessfully, either of the two partiescan not show the validity of intermediate results to others.

  17. Fixed points for alpha-psi contractive mappings with an application to quadratic integral equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bessem Samet

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Recently, Samet et al [24] introduced the concept of alpha-psi contractive mappings and studied the existence of fixed points for such mappings. In this article, we prove three fixed point theorems for this class of operators in complete metric spaces. Our results extend the results in [24] and well known fixed point theorems due to Banach, Kannan, Chatterjea, Zamfirescu, Berinde, Suzuki, Ciric, Nieto, Lopez, and many others. We prove that alpha-psi contractions unify large classes of contractive type operators, whose fixed points can be obtained by means of the Picard iteration. Finally, we utilize our results to discuss the existence and uniqueness of solutions to a class of quadratic integral equations.

  18. Contraction decomposition in h-minor-free graphs and algorithmic applications

    OpenAIRE

    Demaine, Erik D.; Hajiaghayi, Mohammad Taghi; Kawarabayashi, Ken-ichi

    2011-01-01

    We prove that any graph excluding a fixed minor can have its edges partitioned into a desired number k of color classes such that contracting the edges in any one color class results in a graph of treewidth linear in k. This result is a natural finale to research in contraction decomposition, generalizing previous such decompositions for planar and bounded-genus graphs, and solving the main open problem in this area (posed at SODA 2007). Our decomposition can be computed in polynomial time, r...

  19. 75 FR 17942 - Public Housing Contracting With Resident-Owned Businesses/Application Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    ... are required to obtain documentation to verify the eligibility of the resident-owned business and to collect other information related to the contract award itself under the Department's procurement... documentation to verify the eligibility of the resident-owned business and to collect other information...

  20. Premature Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this more-forceful beat. Types of premature contractions Premature atrial contractions (PACs) start in the upper chambers of the ... and Privacy Policy Arrhythmia • ... Disorders Premature Contractions Tachycardia Ventricular Fibrillation Other Rhythm Disorders Types of ...

  1. Contraction of completeness-optimized basis sets: application to ground-state electron momentum densities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehtola, Susi; Manninen, Pekka; Hakala, Mikko; Hämäläinen, Keijo

    2013-01-28

    Completeness-optimization is a novel method for the formation of one-electron basis sets. Contrary to conventional methods of basis set generation that optimize the basis set with respect to ground-state energy, completeness-optimization is a completely general, black-box method that can be used to form cost-effective basis sets for any wanted property at any level of theory. In our recent work [J. Lehtola, P. Manninen, M. Hakala, and K. Hämäläinen, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 104105 (2012)] we applied the completeness-optimization approach to forming primitive basis sets tuned for calculations of the electron momentum density at the Hartree-Fock (HF) level of theory. The current work extends the discussion to contracted basis sets and to the post-HF level of theory. Contractions are found to yield significant reductions in the amount of functions without compromising the accuracy. We suggest polarization-consistent and correlation-consistent basis sets for the first three rows of the periodic table, which are completeness-optimized for electron momentum density calculations. PMID:23387570

  2. Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, Charles; Green, Andrew S.; Dahle, Douglas; Barnett, John; Butler, Pat; Kerner, David

    2013-08-01

    The findings of this study indicate that potential exists in non-building applications to save energy and costs. This potential could save billions of federal dollars, reduce reliance on fossil fuels, increase energy independence and security, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Federal Government has nearly twenty years of experience with achieving similar energy cost reductions, and letting the energy costs savings pay for themselves, by applying energy savings performance contracts (ESPC) inits buildings. Currently, the application of ESPCs is limited by statute to federal buildings. This study indicates that ESPCs can be a compatible and effective contracting tool for achieving savings in non-building applications.

  3. Using Revolving Loan Funds to Finance Energy Savings Performance Contracts in State and Local Agency Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Booth, S. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Doris, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Knutson, D. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Regenthal, S. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Numerous pre-existing and newly emerging state- and locally-managed revolving loan funds (RLFs) are being used in conjunction with energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) as an option for financing of energy efficiency projects. This document presents an overview of ESPCs and how they fit within the RLF framework. There are a variety of options available to state and local governments to catalyze the disbursement of available capital from RLFs and increase the number of ESPC projects within their jurisdictions. To demonstrate the implementation of this type of financing program in action, this report concludes with four program case studies of state-sponsored RLFs where ESPCs are an allowed use of funds.

  4. On Using Model Populations to Determine Mechanical Properties of Skeletal Muscle. Application to Concentric Contraction Simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sierra, M; Miana-Mena, F J; Calvo, B; Muñoz, M J; Rodríguez, J F; Grasa, J

    2015-10-01

    In the field of computational biomechanics, the experimental evaluation of the material properties is crucial for the development of computational models that closely reproduce real organ systems. When simulations of muscle tissue are concerned, stress/strain relations for both passive and active behavior are required. These experimental relations usually exhibit certain variability. In this study, a set of material parameters involved in a 3D skeletal muscle model are determined by using a system biology approach in which the parameters are randomly varied leading to a population of models. Using a set of experimental results from an animal model, a subset of the entire population of models was selected. This reduced population predicted the mechanical response within the window of experimental observations. Hence, a range of model parameters, instead of a single set of them, was determined. Rat Tibialis Anterior muscle was selected for this study. Muscles ([Formula: see text]) were activated through the sciatic nerve and during contraction the tissue pulled a weight fixed to the distal tendon (concentric contraction). Three different weights 1, 2 and 3 N were used and the time course of muscle stretch was analyzed obtaining values of (mean [Formula: see text] standard deviation): [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] respectively. A paired two-sided sign rank test showed significant differences between the muscle response for the three weights ([Formula: see text]). This study shows that the Monte Carlo method could be used for determine muscle characteristic parameters considering the variability of the experimental population. PMID:25691399

  5. Contracting the Facebook API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Rubinger

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, there has been an explosive growth in the popularity of online social networks such as Facebook. In a new twist, third party developers are now able to create their own web applications which plug into Facebook and work with Facebook's "social" data, enabling the entire Facebook user base of more than 400 million active users to use such applications. These client applications can contain subtle errors that can be hard to debug if they misuse the Facebook API. In this paper we present an experience report on applying Microsoft's new code contract system for the .NET framework to the Facebook API.We wrote contracts for several classes in the Facebook API wrapper which allows Microsoft .NET developers to implement Facebook applications. We evaluated the usefulness of these contracts during implementation of a new Facebook application. Our experience indicates that having code contracts provides a better and quicker software development experience.

  6. New staff contract policy

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2006-01-01

    Following discussion at TREF and on the recommendation of the Finance Committee, Council approved a new staff contract policy, which became effective on 1 January 2006. Its application is covered by a new Administrative Circular No. 2 (Rev. 3) 'Recruitment, appointment and possible developments regarding the contractual position of staff members'. The revised circular replaces the previous Circulars No. 9 (Rev. 3) 'Staff contracts' and No. 2 (Rev. 2) 'Guidelines and procedures concerning recruitment and probation period for staff members'. The main features of the new contract policy are as follows: The new policy provides chances for long-term employment for all staff recruits staying for four years without distinguishing between those assigned to long-term or short-term activities when joining CERN. In addition, it presents a number of simplifications for the award of ICs. There are henceforth only 2 types of contract: Limited Duration (LD) contracts for all recruitment and Indefinite Contracts (IC) for...

  7. 7 CFR 631.10 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 631.10 Section 631.10 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.10 Contracts. (a) To participate in the program, an applicant must enter into a contract agreeing to implement a conservation...

  8. 48 CFR 822.305 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 822.305... PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act 822.305 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 852.222-70, Contract...

  9. Economic theory and the application of incentive contracts to procure operating reserves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ancillary services market plays an important role in the operation of an electricity market, especially for achieving a high level of reliability. Among all ancillary services, operating reserve is an important research focus, with the attention mainly on the optional procurement and pricing methods. These methods differ in many aspects, including the objective, allocation of risks, and feasibility. In this paper, a new approach is proposed to analyze the users' reserve procurement problem and a novel reserve trade mechanism is developed between electricity users and the retailer of the market. First, the differences between the procurement of operating reserve in decentralized and centralized ways are analyzed. The comparison of the equilibrium solutions reveals that the centralized procurement that results in a systemic optimal solution is better than the decentralized procurement that results in a Nash equilibrium solution. Furthermore, an incentive contract based on a Principal-agent model, that is able to induce a systemic optimality as well as a Pareto equilibrium and manage risks at the same time is designed. The proposed model is equitable and beneficial to all participants. An example is served to illustrate the features of the model and the methodology. (author)

  10. Contract Farming

    OpenAIRE

    Minot, Nicholas; Ronchi, Loraine

    2014-01-01

    Contract farming involves production by farmers under agreement with buyers for their outputs. This arrangement can help integrate small-scale farmers into modern agricultural value chains, providing them with inputs, technical assistance, and assured markets. Critics contend that contract partners may subject farmers to abuses. The literature shows that in fact contract farming can raise ...

  11. An adjustable contracted CI method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王育彬; 甘正汀; 苏克和; 文振翼

    1999-01-01

    A new contracted CI scheme——adjustable contracted CI scheme——is presented and programed. The efficiency of this scheme is tested by some example calculations. The result shows that the application of the new scheme is flexible and the correlation energy loss is lower than that of the original externally contracted CI method.

  12. Fixed point theorems for M-contraction type maps in partially ordered metric spaces and applications

    OpenAIRE

    Sachin V. Bedre; S.M. Khairnar; Desale, B. S.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents hybrid fixed point theorems of Krasnosel’skii type and some nonlinear alternatives of Leray-Schauder type involving sums of two operators in a partially ordered normed linear spaces. The results are applied to functional integral equations that have been considered in Ntouyas and Tsamatos[21] for proving the existence of solutions under certain monotonic conditions blending with the existence of upper or lower solution. Applications are alsogiven to some nonlinear function...

  13. Fixed point theorems for M-contraction type maps in partially ordered metric spaces and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachin V. Bedre

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents hybrid fixed point theorems of Krasnosel’skii type and some nonlinear alternatives of Leray-Schauder type involving sums of two operators in a partially ordered normed linear spaces. The results are applied to functional integral equations that have been considered in Ntouyas and Tsamatos[21] for proving the existence of solutions under certain monotonic conditions blending with the existence of upper or lower solution. Applications are alsogiven to some nonlinear functional initial and boundary value problems ofordinary differential equations for proving the existence results.

  14. The New Unified Theory of ATP Synthesis/Hydrolysis and Muscle Contraction, Its Manifold Fundamental Consequences and Mechanistic Implications and Its Applications in Health and Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Nath

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Complete details of the thermodynamics and molecular mechanisms of ATP synthesis/hydrolysis and muscle contraction are offered from the standpoint of the torsional mechanism of energy transduction and ATP synthesis and the rotation-uncoiling-tilt (RUT energy storage mechanism of muscle contraction. The manifold fundamental consequences and mechanistic implications of the unified theory for oxidative phosphorylation and muscle contraction are explained. The consistency of current mechanisms of ATP synthesis and muscle contraction with experiment is assessed, and the novel insights of the unified theory are shown to take us beyond the binding change mechanism, the chemiosmotic theory and the lever arm model. It is shown from first principles how previous theories of ATP synthesis and muscle contraction violate both the first and second laws of thermodynamics, necessitating their revision. It is concluded that the new paradigm, ten years after making its first appearance, is now perfectly poised to replace the older theories. Finally, applications of the unified theory in cell life and cell death are outlined and prospects for future research are explored. While it is impossible to cover each and every specific aspect of the above, an attempt has been made here to address all the pertinent details and what is presented should be sufficient to convince the reader of the novelty, originality, breakthrough nature and power of the unified theory, its manifold fundamental consequences and mechanistic implications, and its applications in health and disease.

  15. Electrical contracting

    CERN Document Server

    Neidle, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Electrical Contracting, Second Edition is a nine-chapter text guide for the greater efficiency in planning and completing installations for the design, installation and control of electrical contracts. This book starts with a general overview of the efficient cabling and techniques that must be employed for safe wiring design, as well as the cost estimation of the complete electrical contract. The subsequent chapters are devoted to other electrical contracting requirements, including electronic motor control, lighting, and electricity tariffs. A chapter focuses on the IEE Wiring Regulations an

  16. Public works concession. Delimitation from other contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Cătălina Georgeta MATEI; Roxana Anca ADAM

    2012-01-01

    The concession of public services without the concession of the related public works was viewed as an exception. The public services contract was considered to rank first among the administrative contracts. The European Court of Justice ruled that establishing of the nature of a contract – whether it is a public works contract or a public contract of a different nature – is made by identifying the main purpose of the contract that determines the applicable directive, including situations wher...

  17. Checking Flight Rules with TraceContract: Application of a Scala DSL for Trace Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barringer, Howard; Havelund, Klaus; Morris, Robert A.

    2011-01-01

    Typically during the design and development of a NASA space mission, rules and constraints are identified to help reduce reasons for failure during operations. These flight rules are usually captured in a set of indexed tables, containing rule descriptions, rationales for the rules, and other information. Flight rules can be part of manual operations procedures carried out by humans. However, they can also be automated, and either implemented as on-board monitors, or as ground based monitors that are part of a ground data system. In the case of automated flight rules, one considerable expense to be addressed for any mission is the extensive process by which system engineers express flight rules in prose, software developers translate these requirements into code, and then both experts verify that the resulting application is correct. This paper explores the potential benefits of using an internal Scala DSL for general trace analysis, named TRACECONTRACT, to write executable specifications of flight rules. TRACECONTRACT can generally be applied to analysis of for example log files or for monitoring executing systems online.

  18. Amending Contracts for Choreographies

    CERN Document Server

    Bocchi, Laura; Tuosto, Emilio; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.10

    2011-01-01

    Distributed interactions can be suitably designed in terms of choreographies. Such abstractions can be thought of as global descriptions of the coordination of several distributed parties. Global assertions define contracts for choreographies by annotating multiparty session types with logical formulae to validate the content of the exchanged messages. The introduction of such constraints is a critical design issue as it may be hard to specify contracts that allow each party to be able to progress without violating the contract. In this paper, we propose three methods that automatically correct inconsistent global assertions. The methods are compared by discussing their applicability and the relationships between the amended global assertions and the original (inconsistent) ones.

  19. Study on applicability of low alkaline cement in Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project (Contract research)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Horonobe Underground Research Center, construction of underground facility began in 2005 and in-situ experiment using the low alkaline cement: HFSC (Highly Fly-ash contained Silica-fume Cement) is planned in a part of the gallery. Before the experiment will be constructed in the gallery, it is necessary to check that the HFSC has performance as tunnel support under the actual construction. The main work in 2007 is making a detailed the plan of the in-situ experiment, that is scheduled after 2008 and laboratory tests on lowering behavior of pH in the HFSC concrete were conducted. On the construction practicality experiment with low alkaline concrete, HFSC in-situ experiment plan was studied in case using HSFC424N as shotcrete. The aims of the experiment are the validation in applicability of low alkaline concrete as a support member for underground opening in the realistic geological environment and building the method to evaluate influence to the surrounding geological environment. The location of the in-situ test is in the connection tunnel of a depth of 140m and the geology is the Koetoi formation. The period of the test is approximately 10 years. The test plan was designed to be able to make a comparison with Ordinary Portland Cement. As it is necessary to confirm the strength property of the HFSC concrete with materials produced at construction site, strength of the base concrete using local procured fine aggregate and coarse aggregate based on the result of the selection of mix proportion in 2005 research was checked. On laboratory tests on lowering behavior of pH in HFSC concrete, the pH of immersion fluid was measured and components of the immersion fluid and the solid phase were analyzed using test specimens in a long-term immersion test which had been continued since 2005. (author)

  20. Managing Contraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, William

    The major thesis of this paper on declining resources and enrollment is that the management of decline, or, as the author calls it, "contraction," is not simply an economic and technical problem; it is basically a conceptual and political one. The author first considers the effects of contraction on schools, buildings, and courses, touching on the…

  1. Fuzzy contractibility

    OpenAIRE

    GÜNER, Erdal

    2007-01-01

    Abstract. In this paper, .rstly some fundamental concepts are included re- lating to fuzzy topological spaces. Secondly, the fuzzy connected set is intro- duced. Finally, de.ning fuzzy contractible space, it is shown that X is a fuzzy contractible space if and only if X is fuzzy homotopic equivalent with a fuzzy single-point space.

  2. 48 CFR 16.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 16.405 Section 16.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. See 16.301 for requirements applicable to all cost-reimbursement...

  3. Contract analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Diabat, Ali; Popiuc, Maria Nicoleta

    2012-01-01

    Coordination is regarded as key in managing dependencies between distinctive members of a supply chain through the benefits of coordination mechanisms. Such coordination mechanisms are contracts, implemented to increase total supply chain profit, reduce costs and share risk among supply chain...... members. However, by contract implementation the retailer is constrained in his purchase by bearing the entire risk of holding the inventory (wholesale price contract) or by limited risk allocated to the supplier (buyback, revenue sharing and quantity flexibility contracts). By implementing an advanced...... purchase system the risk of inventory is fairly divided between the supplier and the retailer. In order to observe inventory implications on the supply chain bottom line, this article is directed towards the evaluation of performance measures and supply chain profit behavior under buyback, revenue sharing...

  4. Using Revolving Loan Funds to Finance Energy Savings Performance Contracts in State and Local Agency Applications (Revised)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Booth, S.; Doris, E.; Knutson, D.; Regenthal, S.

    2011-07-01

    This document is meant to assist state and local decision makers in understanding how the financing of energy savings performance contract projects can effectively fit into the structure of a revolving loan fund.

  5. Contract Renewal Information - all Contracts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Multifamily Portfolio datasets (section 8 contracts) - The information has been compiled from multiple data sources within FHA or its contractors. HUD oversees more...

  6. VERTICAL INTEGRATION IN AGRICULTURE AND CONTRACT FARMING

    OpenAIRE

    Rehber, Erkan

    1998-01-01

    It has been widely argued recently that agriculture is undergoing a process of vertical integration with allied industries. One of the worldwide ways of vertical integration in agriculture is contract farming. Contract farming is a continually evolving process. Worldwide applications of contract farming have shown that the terms of contracts are shaped by their own conditions and varied from product to product. Also, each country has its own experiences. Contract farming has many advantages f...

  7. Stochastic Contraction in Riemannian Metrics

    OpenAIRE

    Pham, Quang-Cuong; Slotine, Jean-Jacques

    2013-01-01

    Stochastic contraction analysis is a recently developed tool for studying the global stability properties of nonlinear stochastic systems, based on a differential analysis of convergence in an appropriate metric. To date, stochastic contraction results and sharp associated performance bounds have been established only in the specialized context of state-independent metrics, which restricts their applicability. This paper extends stochastic contraction analysis to the case of general time- and...

  8. Individual tenure and collective contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Gerlach, Knut; Stephan, Gesine

    2005-01-01

    "The paper analyses the relationship between individual tenure and the application of collective contracts at the firm level, using a multi-level model and a German linked employer-employee data set for the years 1990, 1995 and 2001. The main result is that elapsed tenure is longer in firms applying collective contracts than in companies with individual wage-setting. Thus workers in firms with collective contracts benefit not only from higher wages, but also from higher job stability. Further...

  9. Agile Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pries-Heje, Jan; Pries-Heje, Lene

    2014-01-01

    When you have stable and non-ambiguous requirements then a classic contract for IS between a supplier and a public sector institution based on a requirements specification may be well suited. However, if you have to accept many changes or have ambiguous requirements then you may end up with...... “endless” re-negotiation of the requirements; you need a more flexible way to develop IS. A new way of coping with many changes is to use an agile development approach and a fixed budget and resources contract. This paper presents an example case. We analyse the case and design a guideline for how to...... implement a fixed budget and resources contract in the public sector. The guideline includes elements to cope with challenges in a tender process such as transparency, criteria for supplier selection, and live assessment of resource skills and capabilities, as well as achieving the flexibility for change...

  10. Application of Sharī‘ah contracts in contemporary Islamic finance: A maqāṣid perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Younes Soualhi

    2015-01-01

    This research exposes the underlying maqāṣid embedded in Sharī‘ah contracts as applied in Islamic banking and finance. It addresses the problem of not observing maqāṣid in nominated and combined Sharī‘ah contracts as well as the problem of not sufficiently imbuing maqāṣid in products developed by Islamic financial institutions. As a benchmark of the maqāṣid of wealth, the research adopts Ibn ‘Āshūr’s classification of maqāṣid to evaluate the conformity of Sharī‘ah contracts to Maqāṣid al-Shar...

  11. Case Studies for Contract-based Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Jakob, Michal; Pěchouček, Michal; Chábera, Jiří; Miles, Simon; Luck, Michael; Oren, Nir; Kollingbaum, Martin; Holt, Camden; Vazquez, Javier; Storms, Patrick; Dehn, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Of the ways in which agent behaviour can be regulated in a multi-agent system, electronic contracting - based on explicit representation of different parties' responsibilities, and the agreement of all parties to them - has significant potential for modern industrial applications. Based on this assumption, the CONTRACT project aims to develop and apply electronic contracting and contract-based monitoring and verification techniques in real world applications. This paper presents results from ...

  12. Amending Contracts for Choreographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Bocchi

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Distributed interactions can be suitably designed in terms of choreographies. Such abstractions can be thought of as global descriptions of the coordination of several distributed parties. Global assertions define contracts for choreographies by annotating multiparty session types with logical formulae to validate the content of the exchanged messages. The introduction of such constraints is a critical design issue as it may be hard to specify contracts that allow each party to be able to progress without violating the contract. In this paper, we propose three methods that automatically correct inconsistent global assertions. The methods are compared by discussing their applicability and the relationships between the amended global assertions and the original (inconsistent ones.

  13. Nonorthogonal orbital based N-body reduced density matrices and their applications to valence bond theory. I. Hamiltonian matrix elements between internally contracted excited valence bond wave functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhenhua; Chen, Xun; Wu, Wei

    2013-04-01

    In this series, the n-body reduced density matrix (n-RDM) approach for nonorthogonal orbitals and their applications to ab initio valence bond (VB) methods are presented. As the first paper of this series, Hamiltonian matrix elements between internally contracted VB wave functions are explicitly provided by means of nonorthogonal orbital based RDM approach. To this end, a more generalized Wick's theorem, called enhanced Wick's theorem, is presented both in arithmetical and in graphical forms, by which the deduction of expressions for the matrix elements between internally contracted VB wave functions is dramatically simplified, and the matrix elements are finally expressed in terms of tensor contractions of electronic integrals and n-RDMs of the reference VB self-consistent field wave function. A string-based algorithm is developed for the purpose of evaluating n-RDMs in an efficient way. Using the techniques presented in this paper, one is able to develop new methods and efficient algorithms for nonorthogonal orbital based many-electron theory much easier than by use of the first quantized formulism.

  14. 50 CFR 401.18 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 401.18 Section 401.18 Wildlife..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.18 Contracts. A Cooperator may use its own regulations or guidelines in obtaining services by contract or otherwise, provided that they adhere to applicable Federal...

  15. Diametrically Contractive Multivalued Mappings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Dhompongsa

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Diametrically contractive mappings on a complete metric space are introduced by V. I. Istratescu. We extend and generalize this idea to multivalued mappings. An easy example shows that our fixed point theorem is more applicable than a former one obtained by H. K. Xu. A convergence theorem of Picard iteratives is also provided for multivalued mappings on hyperconvex spaces, thereby extending a Proinov's result.

  16. Contract-based Internet Service Software Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giambiagi, Pablo; Owe, Olaf; Schneider, Gerardo;

    The fast evolution of the Internet has popularized service-oriented architectures dynamic IT-supported inter-business collaborations. Yet, interoperability between different organizations, requires contracts to reduce risks. Thus, high-level models of contracts are making their way into service...... may guide the developer in the production of contract-aware applications. We concentrate on contracts dealing with performance (real-time) and information flow (confidentiality)....

  17. CONTRACT FOLLOW UP TRAINING

    CERN Multimedia

    Technical Training; Tel. 74460

    2001-01-01

    SPL is organizing Training Sessions on the Contract Follow Up application. CFU is a Web based tool, developped and supported by the Administrative Information Services. It allows the creation of Divisional Requests and the follow up of their processing, from the Market Survey to the Invitation to Tender or Price Enquiry, approval by the Finance Committee, up to the actual signature of a Contract, acccording to the CERN Purchasing procedures. It includes a document management component. It also provides link with other AIS applications such as BHT and EDH. The course is primarily intended for DPOs, Contract Technical responsibles in the division and their assistants, but is beneficial to anybody involved in the follow up of such Purchasing Procedures. This course is free of charge, but application is necessary. The details of the course may be found at http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/ENSTEC/P2001/Bureautique/cfu4_f.htm General information of CFU may be found at http://ais.cern.ch/apps/cfu/ The dates of t...

  18. Density measurements of H- and D- for fusion applications (final scientific report contract FU-CT-2000-50001)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main topic of this contract is the implementation of the Cavity Ring-down Spectroscopy (CRS) technique proposed for quantitative measurement of negative H- and D- densities in the Kamaboko III ion source on the MANTIS test bed in the DRFC, CEA Cadarache. MANTIS is used for the development of high density negative ion current beams for use in NBI systems in proposed nuclear fusion reactors. The source used at the MANTIS test stand is a scale version of the source designed for the ITER neutral beam injection system called the Kamaboko III ion source. This report outlines the performance of the KAMABOKO source when operated in caseiated mode. The effect of plasma grid temperature, Cs seeding, Cs consumption, and long pulse, 1000 s, beam extraction are discussed, and the limitations observed with the MANTIS system are identified and further objectives outlined. (author)

  19. Development of the safety evaluation system in the respects of organizational factors and workers' consciousness. Pt. 4. Application of the system for contract companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of our study is to develop a safety evaluation system which clarifies the safety level of an organization. As a basic method of evaluation using a questionnaire had been established, now that the generalization is needed for the system. Hence, this paper is intended to consider the applicability of the system for contract companies. Subjects were workers who belonged to contract companies engaging in the maintenance of power plants in regular inspections. The following results were obtained: 1) The Comprehensive Safety Index (CSI) taking into account individual and organizational factors was identified using the principal component analysis. 2) The validity of CSI was confirmed with significant correlations between the CSI score and the rate of accidents. 3) Careful consideration should be provided for individual factors especially when evaluating the safety level of subcontract companies. 4) It seemed necessary to take into account the influence of parent companies and occupational hazards level. 5) The comparison among different industries should be avoided because of the difference in organizational structures and subjects of attention for keeping safety. (author)

  20. Conflict and the Social Contract

    OpenAIRE

    Bester, Helmut; Wärneryd, Karl

    2006-01-01

    We consider social contracts for resolving conflicts between two agents who are uncertain about each other's fighting potential. Applications include international conflict, litigation, and elections. Even though only a peaceful agreement avoids a loss of resources, if this loss is small enough, then any contract must assign a positive probability of conflict. We show how the likelihood of conflict outbreak depends on the distribution of power between the agents and their information about ea...

  1. Public works concession. Delimitation from other contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cătălina Georgeta MATEI

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The concession of public services without the concession of the related public works was viewed as an exception. The public services contract was considered to rank first among the administrative contracts. The European Court of Justice ruled that establishing of the nature of a contract – whether it is a public works contract or a public contract of a different nature – is made by identifying the main purpose of the contract that determines the applicable directive, including situations where the contract has elements regarding the concession of public works as well as other types of public contracts. Also, the concept of concession used in relation to both concession and PPP was deemed in Romania as a source of confusion and ambiguity regarding the confidence of both the public and private partner within the context of project development.

  2. 46 CFR 252.13 - Contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract. 252.13 Section 252.13 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS OPERATING... Contract. Upon approval by the Board of an application for ODS, the applicant and the United States...

  3. 7 CFR 1726.403 - Project construction contract closeout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Contract Closeout § 1726.403 Project construction contract closeout. This section is applicable to contracts executed on... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Project construction contract closeout....

  4. 7 CFR 1726.402 - Equipment contract closeout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Contract Closeout § 1726.402 Equipment contract closeout. This section is applicable to contracts executed on RUS Form 198. (a) Final... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Equipment contract closeout. 1726.402 Section...

  5. Contracts in distributed systems

    OpenAIRE

    Massimo Bartoletti; Emilio Tuosto; Roberto Zunino

    2011-01-01

    We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances ...

  6. CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTOANETA CLAUDIA BUTUZA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the main types of contractual arrangements used worldwide in construction: traditional contracts, cost reimbursable type contracts, management contracts and other contractual arrangements such as partnership, offering two-phase, contracts in series and turnkey contracts. Also, based on a comparison of the main types of contractual arrangements a number of recommendations are suggested for choosing the appropriate type of contract construction project to be realized.

  7. 2 CFR Appendix A to Part 220 - Principles for Determining Costs Applicable to Grants, Contracts, and Other Agreements With...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... certificate or on a non-credit basis, and whether they are offered through regular academic departments or... project” Where Direct Charging of Administrative or Clerical Staff Salaries May Be Appropriate Attachment... requirements as may be applicable. b. Each institution, possessing its own unique combination of...

  8. Analysis of Naval Facilities Engineering Command's (NAVFAC) contracting processes using the Contract Management Maturity Model (CMMM)

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, Alexander M.

    2006-01-01

    This study assesses the process capabilities and competencies of Naval Facilities Engineering Command's (NAVFAC) Mid-Atlantic. The assessment uses a crosssectional questionnaire covering contracting processes and selected ethical context. The purpose of this study is to analyze NAVFAC's contracting processes, establish a baseline for contract management maturity and ethical context, and recommend target areas for improvement efforts by application of the Contract Management Maturity Mode...

  9. The Place of Consumer Contract Law Within the Process on European Contract Law

    OpenAIRE

    Dirk Staudenmayer

    2004-01-01

    This paper shows the development of European consumer contract law within the whole area of European contract law. It explains in some detail the possible contents of one of the major options for the future -- the development of a specific consumer contract law in form of a framework Directive. Such an instrument would combine the common denominators of the consumer contract Directives: the applicable definitions of a consumer and a trader, the right of withdrawal, the pre-contractual informa...

  10. Management of transport and handling contracts

    CERN Document Server

    Rühl, I

    2004-01-01

    This paper shall outline the content, application and management strategies for the various contracts related to transport and handling activities. In total, the two sections Logistics and Handling Maintenance are in charge of 27 (!) contracts ranging from small supply contracts to big industrial support contracts. The activities as well as the contracts can generally be divided into four main topics "Vehicle Fleet Management"; "Supply, Installation and Commissioning of Lifting and Hoisting Equipment"; "Equipment Maintenance" and "Industrial Support for Transport and Handling". Each activity and contract requires different approaches and permanent adaptation to the often changing CERN's requirements. In particular, the management and the difficulties experienced with the contracts E072 "Maintenance of lifting and hoisting equipment", F420 "Supply of seven overhead traveling cranes for LHC" and S090/S103 "Industrial support for transport and handling" will be explained in detail.

  11. Contracts in distributed systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bartoletti, Massimo; Zunino, Roberto; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.11

    2011-01-01

    We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i) processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii) as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  12. Lift-contractions.

    OpenAIRE

    Golovach, Petr A.; Paulusma, Daniël; Kamiski, Marcin; Thilikos, Dimitrios M.

    2014-01-01

    We introduce and study a partial order on graphs – lift-contractions. A graph H is a lift-contraction of a graph G if H can be obtained from G by a sequence of edge lifts and edge contractions. We give sufficient conditions for a connected graph to contain every n-vertex graph as a lift-contraction and describe the struc-ture of graphs with an excluded lift-contraction.

  13. The multifacet graphically contracted function method. II. A general procedure for the parameterization of orthogonal matrices and its application to arc factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Practical algorithms are presented for the parameterization of orthogonal matrices Q ∈ R m×n in terms of the minimal number of essential parameters (φ). Both square n = m and rectangular n < m situations are examined. Two separate kinds of parameterizations are considered, one in which the individual columns of Q are distinct, and the other in which only Span(Q) is significant. The latter is relevant to chemical applications such as the representation of the arc factors in the multifacet graphically contracted function method and the representation of orbital coefficients in SCF and DFT methods. The parameterizations are represented formally using products of elementary Householder reflector matrices. Standard mathematical libraries, such as LAPACK, may be used to perform the basic low-level factorization, reduction, and other algebraic operations. Some care must be taken with the choice of phase factors in order to ensure stability and continuity. The transformation of gradient arrays between the Q and (φ) parameterizations is also considered. Operation counts for all factorizations and transformations are determined. Numerical results are presented which demonstrate the robustness, stability, and accuracy of these algorithms

  14. 75 FR 39034 - Public Housing Annual Contributions Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-07

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Public Housing Annual Contributions Contract AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information... conditions contained in an Annual Contributions Contract (ACC) with certain requirements applicable to all... electronic submission of responses. This notice also lists the following information: Title of...

  15. Compositionality and Compatibility of Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    has arisen to have a detailed contract specification and of course verification for these service contracts in order to ensure a more reliable and dependable application. Two different web services from two different platforms or from two different organizations should be able to inter-operate based...

  16. TraceContract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavelund, Klaus; Barringer, Howard

    2012-01-01

    TraceContract is an API (Application Programming Interface) for trace analysis. A trace is a sequence of events, and can, for example, be generated by a running program, instrumented appropriately to generate events. An event can be any data object. An example of a trace is a log file containing events that a programmer has found important to record during a program execution. Trace - Contract takes as input such a trace together with a specification formulated using the API and reports on any violations of the specification, potentially calling code (reactions) to be executed when violations are detected. The software is developed as an internal DSL (Domain Specific Language) in the Scala programming language. Scala is a relatively new programming language that is specifically convenient for defining such internal DSLs due to a number of language characteristics. This includes Scala s elegant combination of object-oriented and functional programming, a succinct notation, and an advanced type system. The DSL offers a combination of data-parameterized state machines and temporal logic, which is novel. As an extension of Scala, it is a very expressive and convenient log file analysis framework.

  17. Energy conservation. Federal shared energy savings contracting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A number of impediments have discouraged federal agencies from using shared energy savings contracts. As of November 30, 1988, only two federal agencies - the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) and the Department of the Army -had awarded such contracts even though they can yield significant energy and cost savings. The three major impediments we identified were uncertainty about the applicability of a particular procurement policy and practice, lack of management incentives, and difficulty in measuring energy and cost savings. To address the first impediment, the Department of Energy (DOE) developed a manual on shared energy savings contracting. The second impediment was addressed when the 100th Congress authorized incentives for federal agencies to enter into shared savings contracts. DOE addressed the third impediment by developing a methodology for calculating energy consumption and cost savings. However, because of differing methodological preferences, this issue will need to be addressed on a contract-by-contract basis. Some state governments and private sector firms are using performance contracts to reduce energy costs in their buildings and facilities. We were able to identify six states that were using performance contracts. Five have established programs, and all six states have projects under contract. The seven energy service companies we contacted indicated interest in federal shared energy savings contracting

  18. Next Indefinite Contract review exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2015-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, We are pleased to inform you that the 2015 LD2IC exercise (selection process for the conversion of limited-duration contracts into indefinite contracts) has been officially launched. The vacancy notices for posts opened with a view to the award of indefinite contracts will be published on 3 August 2015 for a period of four weeks (until 31 August 2015). The CERN Contract Review Boards (candidate interviews) will be held between the end of September and mid-November. The LD to IC procedure, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and a calendar for the exercise are now available in the Admin e-guide. In addition, general information sessions on the procedure will be organised for candidates on the following dates: We would like to remind you that all staff members holding a limited-duration contract who have successfully completed their probation period at the time of application and who meet the eligibility criteria in the vacancy notices (VNs) are eligible to apply for posts for the award of a...

  19. Next Indefinite Contract review exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, We are pleased to inform you that the 2015 LD2IC exercise (selection process for the conversion of limited-duration contracts into indefinite contracts) has been officially launched. The vacancy notices for posts opened with a view to the award of indefinite contracts will be published on 3 August 2015 for a period of four weeks (until 31 August 2015). The CERN Contract Review Boards (candidate interviews) will be held between the end of September and mid-November. The LD to IC procedure, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and a calendar for the exercise are now available in the Admin e-guide. In addition, general information sessions on the procedure will be organised for candidates on the following dates: We would like to remind you that all staff members holding a limited-duration contract who have successfully completed their probation period at the time of application and who meet the eligibility criteria in the vacancy notices (VNs) are eligible to apply for posts for the awa...

  20. Inflation Forecast Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Gersbach, Hans; Hahn, Volker

    2011-01-01

    We introduce a new type of incentive contract for central bankers: inflation forecast contracts, which make central bankers’ remunerations contingent on the precision of their inflation forecasts. We show that such contracts enable central bankers to influence inflation expectations more effectively, thus facilitating more successful stabilization of current inflation. Inflation forecast contracts improve the accuracy of inflation forecasts, but have adverse consequences for output. On balanc...

  1. Contracting on Time

    OpenAIRE

    Guriev, Sergei; Kvasov, Dmitriy

    2005-01-01

    The paper shows how the time considerations, especially those concerning contract duration, affect incomplete contract theory. Time is not only a dimension along which the relationship unfolds but also a continuous verifiable variable that can be included in contracts. We consider a bilateral trade setting where contracting, investment, trade, and renegotiation take place in continuous time. We show that efficient investment can be induced either through a sequence of constantly renegotiated ...

  2. Behavioral Contract Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Botond Koszegi

    2014-01-01

    This review provides a critical survey of psychology-and-economics ("behavioral-economics") research in contract theory. First, I introduce the theories of individual decision making most frequently used in behavioral contract theory, and formally illustrate some of their implications in contracting settings. Second, I provide a more comprehensive (but informal) survey of the psychology-and-economics work on classical contract-theoretic topics: moral hazard, screening, mechanism design, and i...

  3. Joint Venture Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Pimentel, Dinarco

    2015-01-01

    Joint Venture contracts are contracting models typically designed to reach international markets. In spite of being used at the national level, a joint venture is based on single or multiple contracts between two individuals, two institutions, two organizations or two different entrepreneurial entities joining forces, meeting synergies to reach a common goal.Initially, these types of contracts were justifiable based on the need of different economic agents penetrating the most inaccessible ma...

  4. Legal contract drafting support

    OpenAIRE

    Pace, Gordon; Duca, Edward

    2012-01-01

    The notary drafts the contract on her computer – fixing a highlighted typo, ignoring the complex grammar warning. More worrying is the clause highlighted with an explanation of how it conflicts with another contract her client has signed. http://www.um.edu.mt/think/legal-contract-drafting-support/

  5. Contracting for nuclear fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with uranium sales contracts, i.e. with contractual arrangements in the first steps of the fuel cycle, which cover uranium production and conversion. The various types of contract are described and, where appropriate, their underlying business philosophy and their main terms and conditions. Finally, the specific common features of such contracts are reviewed. (NEA)

  6. The Joy of Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegarty, Kevin

    This paper is a practical guide that explains and illustrates contracts between libraries and vendors for computerized circulation systems. It describes the elements of a typical contract to include the equipment and services that should be specified in the contract and establishes scheduling and acceptance testing needs. Included in a contract…

  7. Ion sources on basis contracted discharges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The summary of the works about the contracted discharge with thermocathode and with cold whole cathode research was held with the purpose of their application in plasma generation on the ion beams sources

  8. A contract model for electronic institutions

    OpenAIRE

    cardoso, hl; Oliveira, E.

    2008-01-01

    Electronic institutions are software frameworks integrating normative environments where agents interact to create mutual commitments. Contracts are formalizations of business commitments among a group of agents, and comprise a set of applicable norms. An electronic institution acts as a trusted third-party that monitors contract compliance, by integrating in its normative environment the contractual norms, which are applicable to the set of contractual partners. In this paper we present and ...

  9. Contracting for Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Carsten

    strategic purchasing understanding markets communicating the contracting decision designing and drafting the contract the role of the consumer the regulation of service provision Illustrated throughout with practitioner case-studies from a range of OECD countries, this book presents an important new...... theoretical ‘contract management model' and a ‘mature contract model', and explores the mechanisms, formal rules and informal norms that influence the way governments contract for public services. This book is essential reading for all students of public management and all public service managers....

  10. Validity and efficacy of the labor contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Toyama

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The validity and efficacy of the labor contract as well as cases of nullity and defeasibility import an analysis of scopes of the supplementary application of Civil Code taking into account the peculiarities of Labor Law. Labor contract, while legal business has as regulatory framework to the regulations of Civil Code but it is necessary to determine, in each case, whether to apply fully this normative body, or modulate its supplemental application, or simply conclude that it doesn’t result compatible its regulation due to the special nature of labor relations. Specifically, this issue will be analyzed from cases of nullity and defeasibility of the labor contract.

  11. Book Review: Contracting with sovereignty:state contracts and international arbitration

    OpenAIRE

    Maniruzzaman, Munir

    2013-01-01

    The book under review has primarily made an appraisal of the recent developments in arbitral case law of both contract as well as treaty arbitrations in the context of state contracts. The book comprises seven chapters and is based on the author’s doctoral thesis. The aspects that prominently figure in the thematic discussion are the applicability of international law to state contracts, procedural aspects (i.e. jurisdiction and enforceability) of international arbitration, the concept of leg...

  12. Contracts in distributed systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  13. 48 CFR 922.103-5 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 922.103... PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITION Basic Labor Policies 922.103-5 Contract clauses. In accordance with FAR 22.101-1(e) and FAR 22.103-5, the contracting officer shall insert...

  14. 7 CFR 1726.401 - Material contract closeout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Contract Closeout § 1726.401 Material contract closeout. (a) Delivery inspection. The borrower (acting through its engineer, if applicable) will... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Material contract closeout. 1726.401 Section...

  15. 48 CFR 42.705-1 - Contracting officer determination procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Contracting officer determination procedure. (a) Applicability and responsibility. Contracting officer... will be contracting officer or auditor determined. (4) Educational institutions (see 42.705-3). (5... agency official) and to the cognizant auditor a final indirect cost rate proposal. The required...

  16. 7 CFR 1755.26 - RUS standard contract forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false RUS standard contract forms. 1755.26 Section 1755.26... § 1755.26 RUS standard contract forms. (a) The standard loan agreement between RUS and its borrowers provides that, in accordance with applicable RUS regulations, borrowers shall use standard contract...

  17. On deep e-contracting

    OpenAIRE

    Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Angelov, S.A.

    2002-01-01

    The use of electronic contracts is emerging as a way to improve the effi-ciency of contracting processes. Electronic contracts are, however, often used as a direct replacement for traditional paper contracts - which we call shallow e-contracting. Consequently, business processes in general and contracting processes in particular do not change much through the use of electronic contracts. New business scenarios caused by e-business developments, however, do require new contracting paradigms in...

  18. Contracting guidelines for internists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    Government regulations, the introduction of new health care delivery methods, and the rising number of physicians joining the medical community have combined to increase the importance of the business aspect of medical practice. As a result, many physicians have documented their relationships with various third parties through contracts. As the incidence of contractual relationships between physicians and third parties has increased, so has concern regarding the legal ramifications of the contracting process. This guide is intended to explain the basic characteristics of contracts and to provide the individual physician with information regarding the contracting process. The guide is divided into three sections: key elements of a contract; types of contracts, including hospital/physician contracts, hospital/physician joint ventures, and group practice contracts; and negotiating the contract. Each section offers an explanation of the topic, which is followed by specific questions for the individual physician to investigate. These lists of questions are designed to provide a starting point for physician discussion of the philosophical, personal and practical areas to investigate before entering into a contract. PMID:10268633

  19. Contracting out local services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ole Helby; Houlberg, Kurt; Ring Christensen, Lasse

    2015-01-01

    Governments face a fundamental choice between in-house production and contracting out for the delivery of services to citizens. This article examines the importance of ideology, fiscal pressure, and size for contracting out in technical and social services. The analysis builds on a panel data set...... covering municipal spending on services in all 98 Danish municipalities. The authors find that contracting out is shaped by ideology in social services but not in technical services, which indicates that social services are the contemporary ideological battlefield of privatization. The analysis further...... reveals that economically prosperous municipalities are more likely to contract out social services, whereas contracting out of technical services is not influenced by economic affluence. Finally, larger municipalities contract out more in technical services but less in social services, demonstrating that...

  20. BOT Outsourcing Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2012-01-01

    Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts. In this...... paper we investigate under which circumstances a BOT outsourcing contract (i.e. a contract where the client firm exercises its call option) is beneficial, or the opposite, to the emerging market vendor firm. We draw on various theoretical literatures (transaction cost economics, real options, inter......-firm linkages) and develop three scenarios for the implications for vendor firms. We find that BOT contracts, under certain circumstances, may imply benefits of process and knowledge upgrading for the emerging market vendor firm. However, given different sets of circumstances, engaging in a BOT contract carries...

  1. Negotiating Efficient PPP Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tvarnø, Christina D.

    opportunity the member states should consider using when procuring a PPP. This paper looks at the negotiation and contracting of a PPP in an economic theoretical and EU public procurement perspective and discusses how to establish an efficient PPP contract under a strong public law doctrine. Governments...... should consider tendering out PPP projects in the spirit of joint utility because joint utility can increase the concept of more value for money; the cornerstone of the PPP concept. This paper discusses the positive gains from negotiation and compares it with the upcoming possibilities in the EU public...... procurement law. Furthermore, the paper seeks to establish a connection between public law, private law and the efficient PPP contract by drawing upon economic theory and empirical contract data from UK, US and Danish partnering contracts from the construction industry and the aim of contracting joint utility...

  2. IAEA research contracts. Third annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    grown in vitro; Research Contract No.15, Chemically induced metabolic modifications of cells susceptible to modify the sensitivity of microorganisms to ionizing radiations; Research Contract No.17, Action of ionizing radiations on pathogenic human and animal virus; effects on virulence and antigenic vaccinogen activity; Research Contract No.29, Study of the radiosensitivity and isolation of radioresistant strains of Lactobacillus; Research Contract No.35, A study of the primary biochemical lesions produced by ionizing radiations in mammalian tissues; Research Contract No.52, Immediate effects of radiation on the mechanical and electrical activities of autonomous isolated organs when submitted to perfusion with radioactive Rb-86 or to low doses of external radiation; Research Contract No.86, The influence of radiation and radiomimetic chemicals on genetic transduction in Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Research Contract No. 96, An attempt to correlate quantitatively the changes in permeability of mammalian muscle cells with the radiation dose. Report related to Reactor research presented is: Research Contract No.116, Metallographic study of the transformation of gamma- phase into alpha i- delta or gamma prime phases in low molybdenum-uranium alloys. Reports in the field of Radioisotope applications in agriculture and in medicine presented are: Research Contract No.21, Studies on the use of radioactive isotopes for fertilizer evaluation; Research Contract No.27, Application of radiation-induced mutations to plant breeding; Research Contract No.24, Red cell survival studies with radioisotopes In Thalassaemia Haemoglobin-E and Thalassaemia Haemoglobin-H disease; Research Contract No.89, Study of the effects of malnutrition on albumin metabolism in man

  3. Contracting with Private Rewards

    OpenAIRE

    Rene Kirkegaard

    2015-01-01

    I extend the canonical moral hazard model to allow the agent to face endogenous and non-contractible uncertainty. The agent works for the principal and simultaneously pursues private rewards. I establish conditions under which the first-order approach remains valid. The model adds to the literature on intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation. Specifically, to induce higher effort at work the contract may offer higher rewards but flatter incentives. The contract change makes the agent reevaluate ...

  4. Joint contingency contracting

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Ellsworth K.; Paton, Bryan H.; Threat, Edward W.; Haptonstall, Lisa A.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this Master of Business Administration (MBA) Professional Report is to investigate and analyze the means by which Contingency Contracting Officers (CCO) can effectively operate in a Joint contingency environment and to validate the Defense Contract Management Agency's (DCMA) entry and exit criteria for contingency contracting missions. Joint contingencies encompass regional conflicts, humanitarian and peacekeeping missions, and international or domestic disaster relief missions...

  5. CONTRACT BROILER FARMING

    OpenAIRE

    Todsadee Areerat; Kameyama Hiroshi; Ngamsomsuk Kamol; Yamauchi Koh-En

    2012-01-01

    In Thailand, poultry sector is the main economic growth of livestock sector, especially broiler production. The rapid expansion in broiler production has been made possible by the increase in the number of commercial farms or contract farming. The objective of this research was to understand better how contract farming works, who gets involved and why and who benefits from the agreement. The study is based on the broiler file survey in Chiang Mai province of Thailand. As the results, contract...

  6. Contracts and production

    OpenAIRE

    Koskela, Lauri; Howell, G.; Lichtig, W.

    2006-01-01

    It is argued that a change in the prevailing theory of production is also influencing how contracts, especially in construction, are being conceived. It is contended that the theoretical shift in question, both in production and contracting, concerns the metaphysical presuppositions of respective theories. This claim is further justified through a critical analysis of how risks and collaboration between parties are considered in conventional contracting.

  7. Essays on financial contracting

    OpenAIRE

    Vauhkonen, Jukka

    2004-01-01

    This thesis consists of an introductory chapter and four essays on the financial contracting theory. In the first essay, we argue that many adverse selection models of the standard one-period loan contracts are not robust to changes in the market structure. We argue that debt is not an optimal contract in these models, if there is only one (monopoly) financier instead of a large number of competitive financiers. In the second essay, we examine the welfare effects of allowing banks...

  8. Contracts in Practice

    OpenAIRE

    H. -Christian Estler; Furia, Carlo A.; Martin Nordio; Marco Piccioni; Bertrand Meyer

    2012-01-01

    Contracts are a form of lightweight formal specification embedded in the program text. Being executable parts of the code, they encourage programmers to devote proper attention to specifications, and help maintain consistency between specification and implementation as the program evolves. The present study investigates how contracts are used in the practice of software development. Based on an extensive empirical analysis of 21 contract-equipped Eiffel, C#, and Java projects totaling more th...

  9. Smart contracts sobre Bitcoin

    OpenAIRE

    Andreu Alemany, Josep Miquel

    2016-01-01

    El present treball final de màster realitza una introducció als smart contracts. El treball introdueix el concepte de contracte intel·ligent, els seus usos i alguns exemples existents. Seguidament proporciona les nocions necessàries de les transaccions del protocol Bitcoin per poder implementar un contracte intel·ligent, usant la blockchain que ofereix el protocol. Per últim, s'explica la implementació d'un contracte intel·ligent usant bitcoin: un canal de micropagaments. El presente traba...

  10. Distributed System Contract Monitoring

    CERN Document Server

    D, Adrian Francalanza Ph; D, Gordon Pace Ph; 10.4204/EPTCS.68.4

    2011-01-01

    The use of behavioural contracts, to specify, regulate and verify systems, is particularly relevant to runtime monitoring of distributed systems. System distribution poses major challenges to contract monitoring, from monitoring-induced information leaks to computation load balancing, communication overheads and fault-tolerance. We present mDPi, a location-aware process calculus, for reasoning about monitoring of distributed systems. We define a family of Labelled Transition Systems for this calculus, which allow formal reasoning about different monitoring strategies at different levels of abstractions. We also illustrate the expressivity of the calculus by showing how contracts in a simple contract language can be synthesised into different mDPi monitors.

  11. Bunker purchasing with contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plum, Christian Edinger Munk; Neergaard Jensen, Peter; Pisinger, David

    2014-01-01

    constraints such as capacity limits, reserve requirements and sulphur content. Contracts are often used for bunker purchasing, ensuring supply and often giving a discounted price. A contract can supply any vessel in a period and port, and is thus a shared resource between vessels, which must be distributed...... up to 500+ vessels and 500+ contracts, and provide near optimal solutions. This makes it possible for a major liner shipping company to plan bunker purchasing on a global level, and provides an efficient tool for assessing new contracts....

  12. Contracts for Abstract Processes in Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Buscemi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Contracts are a well-established approach for describing and analyzing behavioral aspects of web service compositions. The theory of contracts comes equipped with a notion of compatibility between clients and servers that ensures that every possible interaction between compatible clients and servers will complete successfully. It is generally agreed that real applications often require the ability of exposing just partial descriptions of their behaviors, which are usually known as abstract processes. We propose a formal characterization of abstraction as an extension of the usual symbolic bisimulation and we recover the notion of abstraction in the context of contracts.

  13. Contract Teachers in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Sangeeta; Pandey, Priyanka

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we use non-experimental data from government schools in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, two of the largest Indian states, to present average school outcomes by contract status of teachers. We find that contract teachers are associated with higher effort than civil service teachers with permanent tenures, before as well as after…

  14. Do contracts help?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tumennasan, Norovsambuu

    Economists perceive moral hazard as an undesirable problem because it undermines efficiency. Carefully designed contracts can mitigate the moral hazard problem, but this assumes that a team is already formed. This paper demonstrates that these contracts are sometimes the reason why teams do not...

  15. 3 CFR - Government Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... commercial services used by the Government, such as transportation, food, and maintenance. Office of... should not be outsourced and commercial activities that may be subject to private sector competition has... shall be a preference for fixed-price type contracts. Cost-reimbursement contracts shall be used...

  16. Contract Training for Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Averill, Donald F.

    1983-01-01

    Describes contract training whereby industries arrange with community colleges, technical institutes, and vocational schools to prepare employees for specific job assignments. Indicates that industrial training performed under contract with public institutions should be encouraged in favor of expansion of training that industry performs for…

  17. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Giorgiana GRAMA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The psychological contract became known as a research paradigm within corporate research, providing a broad framework which explains the employee-company relations. Despite all this, there are still many debates on the concept and a series of criticism were expressed that led to the necessity of some more rigorous theoretical and empirical analysis. The psychological contract refers to the unwritten, implicit expectations that employees have from the company and vice versa; it is that which defines the things the employee expects from the employer. Consequently, each of the parties involved in the contract may have different perceptions on these commitments and obligations. Thus the psychological contract may be regarded as an exchange relation between the employer and the employee. Breaking the psychological contract affects the performance, the morale, and the motivation of the staff in a negative manner. The information presented in this paper is intended to contribute to the theoretical and methodological development of the concept.

  18. On deep e-contracting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Angelov, S.A.

    2002-01-01

    The use of electronic contracts is emerging as a way to improve the effi-ciency of contracting processes. Electronic contracts are, however, often used as a direct replacement for traditional paper contracts - which we call shallow e-contracting. Consequently, business processes in general and contr

  19. HARMONIZATION OF THE CONSUMER CONTRACT DISPOSITIONS WITH THE GENERAL CONTRACT RULES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru MATEESCU

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This work contains and mainly tackles the contract of consumption, its differences and similitudes to a general contract, manners of applying it, and the way in which the former can be better coordinated and correlated to the general contracting terms, established by the civil law. Along the years, the consumption contract has undergone several addenda and it has come to represent an instrument of both refference and regulation for the socio-economical relations between two parties who have a commercial agreement. The general law frame has had a great influence in the development of the consumption contract, as well as on its applicability conditions and its manner of deployment. Through the development of the judicial law concerning the contract of concumption, this type of agreement has influenced, through its human and social nature, both the general contract, and the specific frame it relates to. The relationship between the two types of contract is one of interdependence, which is determined by the need of judicial regulation in the Romanian and European economy. The ceaselees development of interhuman relations pushes society towards maintaining a continuous study of the advancement of specific legislation and judicial regulation. The main purpose of this work is analyzing the general judicial frame and the way in which the differences between the general contract and the consumption one may represent a benefic and mutual influence on protecting the citizens’ rights, which in the case of the consumption contract encompasses the protection of consumers’ rights. Also, it will analyze the aspects that determine the manner of application and the the differences that can be surmounted in order to achieve a better cohesion between these types of contracts.

  20. ENFORCEMENT OF MORTGAGE CONTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alisa A. BELU

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available A chattel mortgage contract is the expression of a real guarantee that gives the creditor precedence over other creditors, in addition to the general pledge upon the belongings of the debtor. It refers to the sale of mortgaged movable assets, exclusively or prioritized in favor of the mortgaging creditor, in case the debtor does not comply with his / her commitments, under the signed mortgage contract. Beginning from this purpose, shared by both sides (as the chattel mortgage contract is synallagmatic, in case the debtor is unable to fulfill his / her commitments, the sides reach a situation of enforcement of the signed chattel mortgage contract. Given the legal status of the chattel mortgage contract [Art. 2387-2477 Noul Cod Civil , Universul Juridic, Bucureşti, 2016, ISBN 978-606-673-792-0], the principle of binding force of the contract and the principle according to which signed legal conventions will entail legal effects, the Romanian law maker developed the proper legal framework for the enforcement of the chattel mortgage contract. [art. 622 si urm. Noul Cod de Procedură Civilă, ed. Hamangiu, Bucureşti, 2016, ISBN 978-606-27-0459-9].

  1. Capsule contraction syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesut COŞKUN

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Capsule contraction syndrome occurs after fibrous metaplasia of lens proteins that leads to capsular bag contraction. Excessive front capsular wrinkling is seen in capsule contraction syndrome and there is an imbalance between powers supplying capsular integrity. This situation leads to zonular weakness. Capsule contraction syndrome is associated with pseudoexfoliation, older age, uveitis, pars planitis and myotonic muscular dystrophy. In order to decrease the risk of capsule contraction syndrome, front capsulerhexis area should be open as 5.5-6 mm diameter and a curysoft intraocular lens should be used. In order to prevent lens epithelial proliferation and metaplasia, lens epithelial cells at inferior surface of front capsule should be aspirated carefully. If postoperative capsular contraction detected, front capsulotomy should be performed by Nd-YAG laser at postoperative 2 to 3 weeks. In patients that Nd-YAG laser is unsuccessful, capsular tension should be decreased by surgical microincisions. In present study, we evaluated etiology, prevention and management of capsule contraction syndrome in the light of actual literature knowledge.

  2. Plan Assurance Qualité for an Installation Contract

    CERN Document Server

    Gascon, C

    2001-01-01

    The current ST/EL group's installation and maintenance contract expires on June 2001. Official procedures for a new contract began a few months ago. Once the new contract has been adjudicated, contractor firm should establish a Quality Assurance Plan (PAQ) within 6 months to be approved. This PAQ is the essential main instrument which ST/EL group has in order to assure a perfect achievement of signed contract. PAQ efficiency depends on its good knowledge and its permanent application on the part of the contractor firm and especially on the part of ST/EL group. The acquired experience during last PAQ should be reflected in the future contract.

  3. Incentive drilling contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Incentive drilling contracts historically have been based on the footage and turnkey concepts. Because these concepts have not been used widely in the international and offshore arenas, this paper discusses other innovative approaches to incentive contracts. Case studies of recently completed or current international and offshore contracts are presented to describe incentive projects based on a performance bonus (Case 1), lump sum per well (Case 2), target time and cap for a specified hole section (Case 3), and per-well target time (Case 4). This paper concludes with a review and comparison of the case studies and a general discussion of factors that produce successful innovative incentive programs that enhance drilling efficiency

  4. The contract - introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contract is the last and final step of project planning and the first step of project implementation. The contract has to specify in detail and to the point, as concisely as possible, the complete scope of supplies and work, define all technical particulars and requirements, put forward the conditions of legal, regulatory, administrative and financial procedure, prepare for operating and maintenance instructions to be issued after commissioning. In short, the contract is expected to be a reliable instrument during the manufacturing and construction period as well as a guide-book to assist the owner afterwards in the operation and maintenance of the plant. (orig./FW)

  5. Cleanup contract protest upheld

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cleanup of the huge Hanford nuclear weapon site in Washington state, long mired in disputes over contract awards, faces another potential delay. On October 12 the US General Accounting Office upheld a protest to the award of the site's $800-million Environmental Restoration Management Contract (ERMC). GAO has ordered the US DOE to review the contract award to a team led by Bechtel Group Inc., a process observers say could be quick or a quagmire. GAO sustained part of a protest filed in early 1993 by Parsons Environmental Services Inc., Pasadena, California, which led an unsuccessful team bid for the ERMC

  6. 48 CFR 970.5222-1 - Collective Bargaining Agreements Management and Operating Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... clause: Collective Bargaining Agreements—Management and Operating Contracts (DEC 2000) When negotiating collective bargaining agreements applicable to the work force under this contract, the Contractor shall use... Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses for Management and Operating Contracts 970.5222-1...

  7. Legal aspects of purchasing contract

    OpenAIRE

    Roth, Miroslav

    2013-01-01

    This bachelor’s thesis on the legal aspects of purchase contracts discusses theories of purchase contracts, and compares differences in purchase contract legal regulations from the perspective of the Civil Code and Commercial Code. Particular types of agreement are also described here, such as Contract for the Sale of an Enterprise, Hire Purchase Contract, and Barter Contract. The practical section also includes a questionnaire, whose respondents are both potential purchasers and those who ha...

  8. Distributed System Contract Monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Francalanza Ph.D

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The use of behavioural contracts, to specify, regulate and verify systems, is particularly relevant to runtime monitoring of distributed systems. System distribution poses major challenges to contract monitoring, from monitoring-induced information leaks to computation load balancing, communication overheads and fault-tolerance. We present mDPi, a location-aware process calculus, for reasoning about monitoring of distributed systems. We define a family of Labelled Transition Systems for this calculus, which allow formal reasoning about different monitoring strategies at different levels of abstractions. We also illustrate the expressivity of the calculus by showing how contracts in a simple contract language can be synthesised into different mDPi monitors.

  9. Establishing contract periods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lead time for executing the Adjustable Fixed-Commitment (AFC) contract and exceptions which may be considered are discussed. The initial delivery period is also discussed. Delays, deferrals, and schedule adjustment charges are finally considered

  10. Expansionary fiscal contractions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergman, Ulf Michael; Hutchison, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The Expansionary Fiscal Contraction (EFC) hypothesis predicts that a major fiscal consolidation leads to an economic expansion under certain circumstances. We test this hypothesis, and the implied non-linear responses of the economy to large and small changes in fiscal policy, using data from the...... that the exogenous fiscal contraction in Denmark was a credible regime shift and, together with other reforms undertaken at the time, increased both private consumption and aggregate output....

  11. Trade credit contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Klapper, Leora; Laeven, Luc; Rajan, Raghuram

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides new evidence on the unique role of trade credit and contracting terms as a way for both sellers and buyers to mange business risk. The authors use a novel and unique dataset on almost 30,000 supplier contracts for 56 large buyers and more than 24,000 suppliers in Europe and North America. The sample of buyers and suppliers includes firms of varying size, investment grad...

  12. Contracting institutions and development

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The quality of contracting institutions has been thought to be of second-order importance next to the impact that good property rights institutions can have on long- run growth. Using a large range of proxies for each type of institution, we find a robust $negative$ link between the quality of contracting institutions and long-run growth when we condition on property rights and a number of additional macroeconomic variables. Although the result remains something of a puzzle, we present eviden...

  13. The Chinese contract market

    OpenAIRE

    Aurelio Volpe; Mauro Spinelli

    2013-01-01

    This Report is the result of 200 interviews with key players (Contract Furniture Manufacturers, Design Studios and Builders, Hotel Chains and other relevant Clients) and two years of CSIL research in China, on contract-related topics. Figures and analysis are described from two different point of views: end user sectors and main products. End user sectors include Hospitality, Restaurant Industry, Mass and Luxury Retail, Real Estate/Luxury Villas, Airports, Schools/Auditoriums, Arts and Museum...

  14. Understanding and negotiating the power contract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a historical overview of power contracts in Canada and the United States, with attention to typical types of power contracts as well as the applications and trends of power contracts. The power industry has been leaning toward industry standard agreements that encourage certainty, streamline trading arrangements between parties, and increased liquidity in power markets. The most commonly used agreements in North America are the Western Systems Power Pool (WSPP), the Edison Electric Institute (EEI), and the International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) agreements. The trend is for additional consolidation among these agreements, and power transactions in the future will probably be included in master commodity trading agreements. In addition, international standard commodity trading agreements are appearing which could alter the way commodities and their derivatives are contracted in North America. The provisions that require special attention include events of default, credit provisions, force majeure, and transaction procedures. 13 refs

  15. An unsatisfactory contract policy

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    For the last 15 years contract policy has been one of the top priorities of CERN staff, as expressed in successive surveys initiated by the Staff Association. In one’s professional life, having some forward vision of one’s career prospects is the key to loyalty and motivation. On the contrary, instability about the future is always at the root of anxiety, conflicts, or even health problems. A good employer must therefore balance the needs of the Company and those of its employees. CERN’s current contract policy, as described in the Administrative Circular No 2, states that staff members should first obtain a limited duration (LD) contract of up to five years. Then, if they want to stay in the Organization, staff members must apply, usually once a year, and before the end of their LD contract, for an indefinite contract (IC) post. All candidates for an IC post are considered by the Review Board for the award of indefinite contracts (Review Board) which will choose the most suita...

  16. 48 CFR 16.202-2 - Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.202-2 Application. A firm-fixed-price contract is suitable for acquiring commercial items (see parts 2 and 12) or for acquiring other supplies...

  17. 电子合同签署中有序多重数字签名的应用%Sequential-multi Digital Signature Application in Electronic Contract Signing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷琼

    2016-01-01

    Electronic contract is an important protocol in today '' s society for some users , which plays a vital role in the develop-ment and interest of business or personal , it becomes a main problem how to design a fair and efficient electronic contract signing protocol.In this paper, based on difficulty of discrete logarithm problem , using a special signature—sequential-multi digital sig-nature, we design a fair and efficient electronic contract signing protocol .By increasing the time stamp , it solves the defect of sig-nature delay , makes sure that signatures will be done in the certain order and time strictly .So it is more efficient .By proving and analyzing , the scheme is correct and feasible .%电子合同签署协议作为当今社会用户在商定某种业务时的一种重要协议,对企业或个人的发展、利益等方面起着至关重要的作用,如何设计一种公平高效的电子合同签署协议成为主要问题和研究热点. 基于离散对数求解的困难性问题,利用一种特殊的数字签名——有序多重数字签名设计一种公平高效的电子合同签署协议,通过增加时间戳,解决签名延时的缺陷,使得合同签署能够在一定的时间内完成,另外将签名严格按照某种特定顺序、特定时间执行,使得签名更加有序、高效. 经证明分析,本文方案正确可行.

  18. Media contracts formalization using a standardized contract expression language

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Luna, Eva; Delgado Mercè, Jaime; Boch, Laurent; Rodríguez-Doncel, Víctor

    2014-01-01

    Contract Expression Languages allow representing business contracts in a digital and structured form. Some examples are the Content Reference Forum format, the OASIS eContracts standard or a proposed extension for MPEG-21 Part 5. These formats have influenced the design of the MPEG-21 Contract Expression Language (CEL), which has been recently specified by modelling the most relevant clauses in audiovisual contracts. The MPEG-21 CEL, described in this paper, defines a language for representin...

  19. INDEFINITE CONTRACT REVIEW 2000

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des ressources humaines

    2000-01-01

    The Director-General has decided to review staff members in professional categories 2 to 5 satisfying the criteria for consideration for the award of an indefinite contract, in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. Staff members holding a fixed-term contract which it has been decided not to renew will not be considered. The following stages are foreseen:1.\tCandidates qualifying for review in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations and the Administrative Circular N° 9 will be contacted by Human Resources Division. 2.\tThe criteria as to when staff members qualify for review are described in Administrative Circular N° 9. These include the following:staff members who are in their fourth year of service on a fixed-term contract;in addition, for staff members having three years or more of previous relevant service in the Organization on a contract of limited duration (or term-contract) and upon proposal by the division leader concerned, consid...

  20. Nested and Dynamic Contract Boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strickland, T. Stephen; Felleisen, Matthias

    Previous work on software contracts assumes fixed and statically known boundaries between the parties to a contract. Implementations of contract monitoring systems rely on this assumption to explain the nature of contract violations and to assign blame to violators. In this paper, we explain how to implement arbitrary, nested, and dynamic contract boundaries with two examples. First, we add nestable contract regions to a static, first-order module system. Second, we show that even a dynamic, higher-order, and hierarchical module system can be equipped with software contracts that support precise blame assignment.

  1. GOOD FAITH AND FAIR DEALING IN THE COMMERCIAL CONTRACT LAW

    OpenAIRE

    Viktorija Budreckienė

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – to analyze the commercial concept of good faith and fair dealing applicable in the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, Draft Common Frame of Reference and Lithuanian commercial contract law. Methodology – theoretical methods (analytic and systematic) had been applied in the research. Findings – the author of the article concludes that the substantive content of good faith and fair dealing notion applied in Lithuanian commercial contract law should be spe...

  2. Asymmetric Information, Self-selection, and Pricing of Insurance Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Donnelly, Catherine; Englund, Martin Kristian; Nielsen, Jens Perch;

    2014-01-01

    This article presents an optional bonus-malus contract based on a priori risk classification of the underlying insurance contract. By inducing self-selection, the purchase of the bonus-malus contract can be used as a screening device. This gives an even better pricing performance than both an exp...... experience rating scheme and a classical no-claims bonus system. An application to the Danish automobile insurance market is considered....

  3. CONTRACT BROILER FARMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todsadee Areerat

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In Thailand, poultry sector is the main economic growth of livestock sector, especially broiler production. The rapid expansion in broiler production has been made possible by the increase in the number of commercial farms or contract farming. The objective of this research was to understand better how contract farming works, who gets involved and why and who benefits from the agreement. The study is based on the broiler file survey in Chiang Mai province of Thailand. As the results, contract farming looks quite attractive for farmers as well as for private companies but most of the farmers complained about long waiting until the delivery of the next cycle of chicks have started.

  4. PROCUREMENT AND CONTRACT MANAGEMENT

    CERN Multimedia

    Training & Development Group; Linda Orr-Easo; Tel. 72460; Nathalie Dumeaux; Tel. 78144

    2001-01-01

    We are pleased to announce the launch of a new training on: Procurement and Contract Management (This seminar will be run by CERN experts in French or in English) Level 1 The aim is to raise awareness of the key issues involved. Date : 8 June 2001 This level is open to everyone. Participants should register via our Web page as soon as possible. Level 2 To develop the skills needed to effectively manage contracts, from the Technical, Commercial and Legal aspects. Dates : Three days, Autumn 2001 This Level is open to those who are/will be more directly responsible for procurement and contract management. Participants should have followed Level 1. For a description of the seminar, please consult:   Level 1: http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/MANCO/P9798/9-cm_e.htm Level 2: http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/MANCO/P9798/9-cm2_e.htm

  5. The optimality of nominal contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Scott Freeman; Guido Tabellini

    1998-01-01

    Why do we see nominal contracts in the presence of price level risk? To answer this question, this paper studies an overlapping generations model in which the equilibrium contract form is optimal, given the contracts elsewhere in the economy. Nominal contracts turn out to be optimal in the presence of aggregate price level risk under two circumstances. First, if individuals have the same constant degree of relative risk aversion. The reason is that in this case nominal contracts (eventually c...

  6. Electronic formation of a contract:

    OpenAIRE

    Kežmah, Urška

    2001-01-01

    This paper analysis main legal problems that are related to formation of e-contracts. Because of the different legal consequences it is highly important for parties to be aware and understand the basic phases of contract formation process. For a contract to exist, usually one party must have made offer, and the other must have accepted it. Once acceptance takes effect, a contract will usually be binding on both parties. A variety of procedures are available for forming an electronic contract,...

  7. Statutes and contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trosborg, Anna

    1995-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the language used in legal speech acts in legislative texts and contracts in the field of English Contract Law. The central objects of study are regulative functions with a particular view to establishing realization patterns of the rhetorical functions of directive...... and commissive acts. The findings show that the language of the law characteristically selects patterns of regulative distinct from, for example, the patterns typically selected in everyday conversational English. The characteristics of the language of the law can be interpreted within the adherence to legal...

  8. Toward waste management contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Stéphanie LEMAITRE; Stahn, Hubert

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with the cost of treatment of the ultimate waste, that is waste which cannot, in the absence of recycling opportunities, be reduced by a suitable taxation scheme. We propose a new way to handle this waste based on aWaste Management Contracts (WMC) which largely implicates the households in the cost reduction process. Within a set of feasible, i.e. budget balancing, incentive compatible and acceptable, contracts we characterize the optimal WMC and compare this system to a more...

  9. 48 CFR 3017.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 3017.204... ACQUISITION REGULATION (HSAR) CONTRACT METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options. 3017.204 Contracts....

  10. 48 CFR 16.307 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... commercial item) is contemplated. If the contract is with an educational institution, modify the clause by... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.307 Contract clauses. (a)(1)...

  11. Contracting for directorships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Donna K

    2013-05-01

    Hospitals are required to have a medical director of respiratory care as a condition of their participation in the Federal Medicare and Medicaid programs. This gives physicians opportunities to improve the quality of care for the patients in their community, to diversify income streams, and to assist hospitals to meet regulatory requirements for quality. The contracts for these positions are usually provided by the hospital, so it is imperative that physicians know how to protect their interests, what is expected of them, if they are being paid fairly, and that the contract is compliant with all regulatory issues. The directorship relationship with the hospital that provides designated health services and the "stand in the shoes" definition of direct compensation also gives physicians and physician practices guidance to determine if their group and individual physicians are compliant with Stark and antikickback regulations. This article guides physicians through the process of reviewing a contract for medical directorship or service line management services. Information on compensation in the directorship market can be found in at least two standard surveys. Duties and compensation vary among entities and frequently include incentive-based compensation for improving quality measures and operations. Directorships are evolving to service line management as more of the hospital's reimbursement is linked to clinical quality and patient satisfaction. This article does not offer legal advice, nor is it meant to be all inclusive. Physicians should consult a health-care attorney for any questions before signing any contract. PMID:23648911

  12. Social Yes; Contract No

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell Hardin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Social contract theory is incoherent and it does not work as desired. Among the most obvious disanalogies is that contracts are enforced by a third party, commonly the state. There is no such external enforcer for a constitution. Contractarian theorists typically ignore all such issues and use the metaphor of contract very loosely to ground a claim that citizens are morally obligated to defer to government by their consent, as the parties to a standard legal contract would be legally obligated. David Hume's term is acquiescence. He compellingly argues that actual citizens do not believe their own legal or political obligations depend on their having agreed to their social order. More often than not our interests are simply better served by acquiescing in the rules of that constitution than by attempting to change it. The forms of commitment that are important for constitutional and even for much of conventional social choice are those that derive from the difficulties of collective action to re-coordinate on new rules. They are inherent in the social structure of the conventions themselves, a structure that often more or less automatically exacts costs from anyone who runs against the conventions without anyone or any institution having to take action against the rule breaker. Establishing a constitution is itself a massive act of coordination that, if it is stable for a while, spawns conventions that depend for their maintenance on their self-generating incentives and expectations and that block alternatives.

  13. The Danish Contracting System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonke, Sten; Levring, Peter

    The paper is mainly concerned with the institutional framework of the Danish construction industry, describing structures, rules and actors' roles within a perspective of nationally defined procedural guidelines on construction projects. These aspects are treated under the concept of a "contracting...

  14. Contract agreements via logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We relate two contract models: one based on event structures and game theory, and the other one based on logic. In particular, we show that the notions of agreement and winning strategies in the game-theoretic model are related to that of provability in the logical model.

  15. Quark Contraction Tool - QCT

    CERN Document Server

    Djukanovic, Dalibor

    2016-01-01

    We present a Mathematica package for the calculation of Wick contractions in quantum field theories - QCT. Furthermore the package aims at automatically generating code for the calculation of physical matrix elements, suitable for numerical evaluation in a C++ program. To that end commonly used algebraic manipulations for the calculation of matrix elements in lattice QCD are implemented.

  16. Copyright or Contract?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okerson, Ann

    1997-01-01

    Most authors and publishers of electronic information believe that current copyright law does not address technical capabilities or reader uses and have turned to contracts or licenses to define the rights of owners and users. Discusses copyrights, fair use, and licenses and highlights licensing's unresolved issues: use and users; archiving;…

  17. Validating Timed Component Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Le Guilly, Thibaut; Liu, Shaoying; Olsen, Petur;

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a technique for testing software components with contracts that specify functional behavior, synchronization, as well as timing behavior. The approach combines elements from unit testing with model-based testing techniques for timed automata. The technique is implemented in an...... online testing tool, and we demonstrate its use on a concrete use case....

  18. Muscle contraction and force

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brüggemann, Dagmar Adeline; Risbo, Jens; Pierzynowski, Stefan G.;

    2008-01-01

    Muscle contraction studies often focus solely on myofibres and the proteins known to be involved in the processes of sarcomere shortening and cross-bridge cycling, but skeletal muscle also comprises a very elaborate ancillary network of capillaries, which not only play a vital role in terms of...

  19. Turn key contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this summary is to point out some specific areas which have to be covered in a turn-key contract and which are of primarily interest to the buyer of a nuclear plant. It will be assumed that the buyer is utility company in a developing country and a plant supplier a company in an industrial country. (orig./FW)

  20. The energy of naturally curved elastic rods with an application to the stretching and contraction of a free helical spring as a model for DNA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We give a contemporary and direct derivation of a classical, but insufficiently familiar, result in the theory of linear elasticity—a representation for the energy of a stressed elastic rod with central axis that intrinsically takes the shape of a general space curve. We show that the geometric torsion of the space curve, while playing a crucial role in the bending energy, is physically unrelated to the elastic twist. We prove that the twist energy vanishes in the lowest-energy states of a rod subject to constraints that do not restrict the twist. The stretching and contraction energies of a free helical spring are computed. There are local high-energy minima. We show the possibility of using the spring to model the chirality of DNA. We then compare our results with an available atomic level energy simulation that was performed on DNA unconstrained in the same sense as the free spring. We find some possible reflections of springlike behavior in the mechanics of DNA, but, unsurprisingly, the base pairs lend a material substance to the core of DNA that a spring does not capture

  1. Characterization of right or left ventricular contraction heterogeneity using Fourier phase analysis. Application to a group of patients with severe ventricular arrhythmias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itti, R.; Casset, D.; Philippe, L.; Fauchier, J.P.; Cosnay, P.; Huguet, R.

    1988-07-01

    The standard deviation of the first harmonic Fourier phase histogram is an indicator of the contraction heterogeneity of the heart ventricles. This approach has been applied to analyse tomographic blood pool (/sup 99m/Tc) examinations in a group of 32 patients with angiographically verified mainly right (RV) but also left (LV) kinetic disorders in relation to severe ventricular arrhythmias and suspicion of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD). The reference group consisted of ten patients with low probability of cardiac kinetic abnormalities. Thick tomographic slices including both ventricles have been reconstructed in the horizontal long axis orientation from a series of 32 gated projections recorded over a 360/sup 0/ rotation. Separately for each ventricle the Fourier phase histograms have been computed and characterized by their standard deviations (PSD). Normal values were significantly lower than those measured in abnormal cases. Detailed analysis of the data supports the hypothesis of a primary RV disease in ARVD, with secondary LV extension. PSD seems to be a good predictor of an organic cardiac disease underlying ventricular arrhythmias and may be used for screening the patients.

  2. The energy of naturally curved elastic rods with an application to the stretching and contraction of a free helical spring as a model for DNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, Gerald S.

    2015-09-01

    We give a contemporary and direct derivation of a classical, but insufficiently familiar, result in the theory of linear elasticity—a representation for the energy of a stressed elastic rod with central axis that intrinsically takes the shape of a general space curve. We show that the geometric torsion of the space curve, while playing a crucial role in the bending energy, is physically unrelated to the elastic twist. We prove that the twist energy vanishes in the lowest-energy states of a rod subject to constraints that do not restrict the twist. The stretching and contraction energies of a free helical spring are computed. There are local high-energy minima. We show the possibility of using the spring to model the chirality of DNA. We then compare our results with an available atomic level energy simulation that was performed on DNA unconstrained in the same sense as the free spring. We find some possible reflections of springlike behavior in the mechanics of DNA, but, unsurprisingly, the base pairs lend a material substance to the core of DNA that a spring does not capture.

  3. The energy of naturally curved elastic rods with an application to the stretching and contraction of a free helical spring as a model for DNA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manning, Gerald S., E-mail: jerrymanning@rcn.com [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, 610 Taylor Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8087 (United States)

    2015-09-14

    We give a contemporary and direct derivation of a classical, but insufficiently familiar, result in the theory of linear elasticity—a representation for the energy of a stressed elastic rod with central axis that intrinsically takes the shape of a general space curve. We show that the geometric torsion of the space curve, while playing a crucial role in the bending energy, is physically unrelated to the elastic twist. We prove that the twist energy vanishes in the lowest-energy states of a rod subject to constraints that do not restrict the twist. The stretching and contraction energies of a free helical spring are computed. There are local high-energy minima. We show the possibility of using the spring to model the chirality of DNA. We then compare our results with an available atomic level energy simulation that was performed on DNA unconstrained in the same sense as the free spring. We find some possible reflections of springlike behavior in the mechanics of DNA, but, unsurprisingly, the base pairs lend a material substance to the core of DNA that a spring does not capture.

  4. 75 FR 82576 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Terminating Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-30

    ... in the Federal Register on May 20, 2010 (75 FR 28228). This rule clarifies that FAR part 49... Regulation; Terminating Contracts AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services Administration (GSA... applicability of procedures regarding the termination of contracts to the acquisition of commercial items....

  5. Translation Skills of Foreign Economics and Trade Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓丽

    2010-01-01

    As the foreign economic and trade contract belongs to legal documents, it bears profound differences with the common everyday English, especially on the application style and features of word and sentence. This article tries to enumerate some translation skills of foreign economic and trade contract. Besides, some common inaccuracies in translation are also elaborated here.

  6. Location, Location: Jurisdiction & Conflicts in Transborder Contract Litigation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lookofsky, Joseph

    In transborder contract litigation place-based factors are often decisive, both as regards jurisdiction to adjudicate as well as the rules which determine the applicable substantive law. Relevant locations include the place where the contract was made, where the parties reside, transact business or...

  7. 7 CFR 1780.62 - Utility purchase contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) WATER AND WASTE LOANS AND GRANTS Planning, Designing, Bidding, Contracting... the security for the loan. Such contracts will: (a) Include a commitment by the supplier to furnish... furnish its other users and the applicant for the foreseeable future; and: (1) The supplier is subject...

  8. Contracting/expanding self-sealing cryogenic tube seals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Lin X. (Inventor)

    1997-01-01

    Contracting/expanding self-sealing cryogenic tube seals are disclosed which use the different properties of thermal contraction and expansion of selected dissimilar materials in accord with certain design criteria to yield self-tightening seals via sloped-surface sealing. The seals of the subject invention are reusable, simple to assemble, and adaptable to a wide variety of cryogenic applications.

  9. 48 CFR 50.206 - Solicitation provisions and contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 50.206 Solicitation provisions and contract clause. (a) Insert the provision at 52.250-2, SAFETY Act Coverage Not Applicable, in solicitations if— (1) The...

  10. Evaluarea eficienţei economice a comercializării masei lemnoase prin contracte pe termen lung, cu o aplicaţie la fag [ Evaluation of economic efficiency of marketing timber by long-term contracts, with an application to beech

    OpenAIRE

    Nichiforel Liviu; Turcu Andrei

    2015-01-01

    In Romania long term contracts for the selling of timber from public forests have been implemented in 2002 for a period of 10 years as a support for investments in wood processing companies. Currently there is a public debate about their efficiency considering their impact on the concentration of timber demand in the hands of the companies which have accessed such contracts. In this context the paper analysis the economic efficiency of the implementation of long term contracts in the Fores...

  11. Simple steps help minimize costs, risks in project contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contrary to prevailing opinion, risks and project financing costs can be higher for lump sum (LS) project contracts than under reimbursable-type contracts. An element-by-element analysis of the risks and costs associated with a project enables investors to develop variations of reimbursable contracts. Project managers can use this three-step procedure, along with other recommendations, to measure the hidden project costs and risks associated with LS contracts. The author bases his conclusions on case studies of recent projects in the petroleum refining and petrochemical industries. The findings, however, are general enough to be applicable in other industrial sectors

  12. Consolidating staff augmentation contracts improves teamwork and reduces costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plants have traditionally used multiple contracting firms to provide temporary staff augmentation personnel primarily because of two perceptions: (1) managers believe they have greater access to a higher quality, readily available pool of applicants. (2) using multiple contractors inherently keeps costs down as a result of several competitors submitting resumes for the same position. This paper provides information, based on the experiences of a leading nuclear power plant, that disproves these perceptions. It explains why consolidating several contracts for professional and technical classifications (excluding craft labor and refueling personnel) and competitively bidding and awarding the contract to a single contracting firm promotes teamwork and reduces costs

  13. Security-by-Contract-with-Trust for Mobile Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Lazouski, Aliaksandr; Martinelli, Fabio; Matteucci, Ilaria; Costa, Gabriele; Dragoni, Nicola; Issarny, Valerie; Saadi, Rachid; Massacci, Fabio

    2010-01-01

    Security-by-Contract (S×C) is a paradigm providing security assurances for mobile applications. In this work, we present the an extension of S×C, called Security-by-Contract-with-Trust (S×C×T). Indeed, we enrich the S×C architecture by integrating a trust model and adding new modules and configurations for managing contracts. Indeed, at deploy-time, our system decides the run-time configuration depending on the credentials of the contract provider. The run-time environment can both enforce a ...

  14. Contracting Similarity Fixed Point of General Sierpinski Gasket

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shanhui Sun

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article mainly studies the contracting similarity fixed point and the structure of the general Sierpinski gasket. Firstly, the paper analyzes the importance of contracting similarity fixed point in fractal geometry. Based on a series of definitions, the article studies the contracting similarity fixed point. Then, the paper researches on the structure of the general Sierpinski gasket, and describes it through function. Using a new characteristic function and other techniques, the article gives two important lemmas of the general Sierpinski gasket and the complete proof. By the proved lemmas, the article gets the formula of the contracting similarity fixed point of the Sierpinski gasket, and then proves that the aforementioned contracting similarity fixed points form a new fractal. As application, the paper classifies the above contracting similarity fixed points into three types and gives two examples.

  15. IAEA research contracts. Sixth annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume is the sixth annual report and presents full summaries of 37 final reports from contracts, sponsored under the Agency's Research Contract Programme, which were completed during 1965. Including these, a total of 136 summaries have been published in the various fields in which support is provided under the IAEA Research contract program. In every case the summary of the contractor's final report has been prepared by that member of the Agency's scientific staff who has been most closely connected with the particular branch of research concerned. The scientific data are the responsibility of the contractor, though the Agency is responsible for any additional observations. The reports presented are related to research in the field of radioactive waste management and environmental sciences; health physics and radiation protection; radiobiology; safeguards methods; nuclear reactors physics and nuclear fuels; radioisotope applications in agriculture, medicine and hydrology

  16. IAEA research contracts. Seventh annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume is the seventh annual report and presents full summaries of 52 final reports from contracts, sponsored under the Agency's Research Contract Programme, which were completed during 1966. Including these, a total of 188 summaries have been published in the various fields in which support is provided under the IAEA Research contract program. In every case the summary of the contractor's final report has been prepared by that member of the Agency's scientific staff who has been most closely connected with the particular branch of research concerned. The scientific data are the responsibility of the contractor, though the Agency is responsible for any additional observations. The reports presented are related to research in the field of radioactive waste management and environmental sciences; health physics and radiation protection; radiobiology; safeguards methods; nuclear reactors physics and nuclear fuels; radioisotope applications in agriculture, medicine and hydrology, food preservation by irradiation

  17. Utility Energy Services Contracts Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-09-01

    The UESC Guide is a compilation of samples and templates developed as a resource to help contracting officers implement task orders for UESCs under existing U.S. General Services Administration areawide contracts.

  18. $\\sigma $ -Approximately Contractible Banach Algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Momeni, M; Yazdanpanah, T.; Mardanbeigi, M. R.

    2012-01-01

    We investigate $\\sigma $ -approximate contractibility and $\\sigma $ -approximate amenability of Banach algebras, which are extensions of usual notions of contractibility and amenability, respectively, where $\\sigma $ is a dense range or an idempotent bounded endomorphism of the corresponding Banach algebra.

  19. Scenario development on application of engineering technology for geological disposal. Study on engineering measures for accidents and human factors (Contract research)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the safety assessment for geological disposal of the high-level radioactive waste, scenarios need to be developed in consideration of influence on disposal systems by applying engineering technologies at each stage of site characterization, construction, operation and closure of disposal facility. To develop the scenarios, the engineering technologies which are applicable for each stage of geological disposal are listed in previous study. From this information, deviation events caused by the accidents and human factors lurking in the engineering technologies, which are deviated states of engineered and natural barriers from expected states occurred by applying engineering technologies were identified. Assuming the occurrence of the deviation events, possible evolution of features of barriers or loss/reduction of safety functions of barriers was discussed. Finally, the sequence of influence of the deviation events caused by application of engineering technologies on long-term safety after closure of the disposal facility was shown as scenarios. In this study, we compiled information of prevention measures for the accidents and human factors. Furthermore, we surveyed prevention measures and detecting means for the deviation events and compiled applicable influence reduction means for the deviation events. In addition, we identified remarkable deviation events from the point of view of safety, whose influence is not expected to be reduced sufficiently by these engineering measures. These results were integrated to the database that could support development of scenarios caused by application of engineering technologies to geological disposal. (author)

  20. Matching with Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    John William Hatfield; Milgrom, Paul R.

    2005-01-01

    We develop a model of matching with contracts which incorporates, as special cases, the college admissions problem, the Kelso-Crawford labor market matching model, and ascending package auctions. We introduce a new "law of aggregate demand" for the case of discrete heterogeneous workers and show that, when workers are substitutes, this law is satisfied by profit-maximizing firms. When workers are substitutes and the law is satisfied, truthful reporting is a dominant strategy for workers in a ...

  1. Conduct and Contract

    OpenAIRE

    Anthony de Jasay

    2013-01-01

    Political philosophy relies on three alternative types of theory to explain social order. The first, is order anarchy, built on the system of spontaneous Humean conventions. They are equilibria, self-enforcing or enforced by the participants’ own contingent strategies and involve no central, specialised enforcer. The second type is contractarianism. This paper contends that its name is a misnomer hiding a redundancy. The third type is social contract theory, where there is unanimous commitmen...

  2. Insurance Contracts and Securitization

    OpenAIRE

    Doherty, Neil A.; Schlesinger, Harris

    2001-01-01

    High correlations between risks can increase required insurer capital and/orreduce the availability of insurance. For such insurance lines, securitizationis rapidly emerging as an alternative form of risk transfer. The ultimatesuccess of securitization in replacing or complementing traditional insuranceand reinsurance products depends on the ability of securitization to facilitateand/or be facilitated by insurance contracts. We consider how insuredlosses might be decomposed into separate comp...

  3. HIGH AMPLITUDE PROPAGATED CONTRACTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Bharucha, Adil E.

    2012-01-01

    While most colonic motor activity is segmental and non-propulsive, colonic high amplitude propagated contractions (HAPC) can transfer colonic contents over long distances and often precede defecation. HAPC occur spontaneously, in response to pharmacological agents or colonic distention. In this issue of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Rodriguez and colleagues report that anal relaxation during spontaneous and bisacodyl-induced HAPC exceeds anal relaxation during rectal distention in const...

  4. Insurance contracts on tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Krasniqi, Armand

    2010-01-01

    The business life in the modern world is developed upon the logia of the domination of the rules and within them an important role play those that are related to implementation of the standards that are connected with he security and insurances. Due to the need for an economic transformation it resulted with the creating of a new set of new contracts which commencing from several general principles of the obligatory law, that regulate the situation which were not established insofar, which in...

  5. Quebec-USA electricity export contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electricity exports from Hydro-Quebec to utilities in the USA significantly affects the economy and environment of Quebec. These exports may be arranged under interconnection agreements to sell excess capacity and production during off-peak periods or under firm sales contracts. Hydro-Quebec exports could also replace power plants that would otherwise be needed in the USA. The economic environment for Hydro-Quebec exports to the USA is reviewed along with the regulatory environment applicable to international trade (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Canada-USA Free Trade Agreement, North American Free Trade Agreement), Quebec (Canadian federal and provincial law), and the USA (federal and state law). A jurisdictional analysis of power export contracts is then presented, citing examples of contracts already signed by Hydro-Quebec with utilities in New York and New England. Contract law and contract provisions are discussed, including common clauses and particular clauses. Suggestions are made for new clauses that would improve the electricity trade. 215 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs

  6. Contract Farming and Food Security

    OpenAIRE

    Bellemare, Marc F.; Novak, Lindsey

    2015-01-01

    Contract farming has often been associated with an increase in the income of participating households. It is unclear, however, whether contract farming increases other aspects of household welfare. Using data from six regions of Madagascar and a selection-on-observables design in which we control for a household's marginal utility of participating in contract farming, which we elicited via a contingent valuation experiment, we show that participating in contract farming reduces the duration o...

  7. The interpretation of administrative contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cătălin-Silviu SĂRARU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the principles of interpretation for administrative contracts, in French law and in Romanian law. In the article are highlighted derogations from the rules of contract interpretation in common law. Are examined the exceptions to the principle of good faith, the principle of common intention (willingness of the parties, the principle of good administration, the principle of extensive interpretation of the administrative contract. The article highlights the importance and role of the interpretation in administrative contracts.

  8. Political renegotiation of regulatory contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Cecile Aubert; Jean- Jacques Laffont

    2005-01-01

    Governmental contracts may be renegotiated after political changes. Current governments can anticipate this and strategically distort contracts to influence renegotiation outcomes. In this sequential common agency game, the initial contract impacts elements of the renegotiation process: outside options (a `leverage' effect), and the beliefs of the new government through partial information revelation (a `strategic' effect). We characterize the optimal initial contract, as a function of politi...

  9. Practical guide on contract of technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book gives descriptions of practical guide on contract of technology, which deals with basic of contract like meaning, function term, singing and sealing, contract and stamp tax, common things on contract of research like keeping secret and prevention and treat of dispute, compensation for damages, notice, expiration date of contract and measurement at end of contract, contract of joint research such as meaning and necessity, note at contract, check list at contract, and return of the research product.

  10. Exit from contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oren Bar-Gill

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective to study the procedure of exiting the contract its costs and benefits. Methods statistical method comparative analysis. Results free exit from contract is one of the most powerful tools for the consumer rights protection. The procedure frees consumers from bad deals and keeps businesses honest. Yet consumers often choose transactions with lockin provisions trading off exit rights for other perks. This article examines the costs and benefits of free exit as compared to the lockin alternative. According to the authors the present regulation of exit penalties in the USA is poorly tailored to address concerns about lockin particularly in light of increasingly ubiquitous marketbased solutions. The article also calls regulatory attention to loyalty rewards which are shown to be as powerful as exit penalties and equally detrimental. Scientific novelty the article reveals a paradoxical state of the law exit regulations in the USA are used most where they are needed least. Termination penalties present an obvishyous target for regulatory intervention while loyalty programs seem benign not warranting any regulatory attention. Practical significance the article is of interest for the Russian juridical science and lawmaking authorities as in Russia the issue of exiting the contract is as topical as in the USA and requires solution which would impair neither the rights of consumers nor the rights of the sellers ofnbspproducts and services. nbsp

  11. Non-turnkey contract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A turnkey contract is recommended to such a country which is in the initial stage of nuclear power development with respect to a few plants being constructed earlier. The prime contractor may not necessarily be a reactor supplier. In some cases an architect engineering company may be a contractor. If this arrangement is not possible and the contract had to be a non-turnkey type, there might be some advantage to such a developing country capable of undertaking some major portions of the project works. Even if she might face with troubles and difficulties during construction of the first nuclear power station, she might have chance of aquiring technical kowledge and experience which would later enable her to make the plant of her own manufacture. In such a case it is advisable to limit the number of main contracts as small as possible and to utilize an organization to assist the owner in project management or to assume this function in his behalf. (orig./FW)

  12. Multiperiodic Procurement Problem with Option Contracts under Inflation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nana Wan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the problem of the multiperiod replenishment decisions for the retailer under inflation. In order to manage the risks of price and demand caused by inflation, the retailer has an opportunity to order products and purchase options from the supplier in each period. We formulate the multiperiod inventory model for the retailer with option contracts and then derive his myopic ordering policy in each period and his myopic expected total discounted profit over the entire time horizon. By taking the case without option contracts as a benchmark, we explore the effect of option contracts on the retailer’s decisions and performance under inflation. We find that the application of option contracts might induce the retailer to reduce the firm order and increase the total order in each period under inflation. We also find that the application of option contracts might benefit the retailer under inflation.

  13. Optimal Auditing Under Intermediated Contracting

    OpenAIRE

    Wolfgang Gick

    2004-01-01

    This paper builds on Faure-Grimaud and Martimort’s [Economics Letters 71 (2001) 75-82] analysis of intermediated contracting. I argue that intermediated contracting permits one form of auditing, in which the sub-contract offered to the firm is examined, contingent on the intermediary’s report. Auditing reduces the intermediary’s rent and increases allocative efficiency.

  14. How Learning Contracts Motivate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwood, Scott C.; McCabe, Patrick P.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss how learning contracts can motivate students. "A learning contract is simply a written agreement between teacher and learner in which the learner undertakes to complete mutually agreed upon tasks in a specified amount of time on his or her own initiative" (Greenwood, 2003, p.1). Contracts are designed to…

  15. Health Contract in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haber, David

    2007-01-01

    A health contract is a technique used by health professionals to help clients achieve a health goal. This article describes a course, "Changing Health Behaviors," in which a health contract strategy is taught and practiced with older adults. The health contract can also be included as a smaller educational component within a gerontology course…

  16. Contracting between firms: empirical evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Iyer; Z. Sautner

    2014-01-01

    We analyse 185 contracts signed between a buyer and 89 suppliers to test how moral-hazard and hold-up problems affect contract design. Our data allow us to study both static and dynamic effects. If a supplier’s products are more critical to the buyer, contracts contain more clauses that address mora

  17. Pressure drop in contraction flow

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz

    This note is a supplement to Dynamic of Polymeric Liquids (DPL) page 178. DPL gives an equation for the pressure drop in a tapered (and circular) contraction, valid only at low angles. Here the general definition of contraction flow (the Bagley correction) and a more general method to find the...... pressure drop in a contraction are given....

  18. Applicability of NASA contract quality management and failure mode effect analysis procedures to the USGS Outer Continental Shelf oil and gas lease management program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, M. K.; Little, D. G.; Hoard, E. G.; Taylor, A. C.; Campbell, R.

    1972-01-01

    An approach that might be used for determining the applicability of NASA management techniques to benefit almost any type of down-to-earth enterprise is presented. A study was made to determine the following: (1) the practicality of adopting NASA contractual quality management techniques to the U.S. Geological Survey Outer Continental Shelf lease management function; (2) the applicability of failure mode effects analysis to the drilling, production, and delivery systems in use offshore; (3) the impact on industrial offshore operations and onshore management operations required to apply recommended NASA techniques; and (4) the probable changes required in laws or regulations in order to implement recommendations. Several management activities that have been applied to space programs are identified, and their institution for improved management of offshore and onshore oil and gas operations is recommended.

  19. Labor Contract Law Vs. Employment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qin Liang; Wang Ting

    2009-01-01

    @@ In Oct 2005, an IT company in Beijing signed one-year labor contracts with several employees, and they renewed the contracts in Oct 2006. When the contracts came to the end in Oct 2007, the company rejected to renew the contracts, but asked the employees to contract with an as-sociated company. The employees rejected this, but the practical labor relationship continued. Meanwhile, the company was in arrears of em-ployees' salaries, and didn't make full pay of the mandatory social insurance forced by national laws, even peculated the housing fund withheld from employees' salaries.

  20. Analysis of foreign petroleum contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most foreign exploration and production contracts are of two basic types: Production-Sharing contracts in which a portion of oil revenues, 'cost oil,' is available to the contractor for recoupment of exploration and production costs with the remainder, 'profit oil,' being shared according to an agreed-upon formula, and the familiar Tax-Royalty contract in which a share of petroleum revenues goes to the host country 'off the top' as royalties, and operating profits are taxed at the going rate. Bottom line splits of profits between host governments and contractors, which are approximately 50-50 in the United States, are typically in the 60-40 to 85-15 range elsewhere, with lower profit shares being offset by the higher volume potential and lower costs that may be associated with less mature exploration areas. Foreign contract qualities can be grossly compared by walking typical field models through the contracts to arrive at the bottom line profit splits. Variations within the contract forms include government participation, sliding scale contract elements, special taxes related to rates of return, etc. Often, contract terms are subject to negotiation and the tradeoffs between contract elements must be understood. Contract life, amortization schedules, fund repatriation, currency exchange rates, and the interaction of foreign and United States tax regimens are among the other factors that must be considered. Final decisions on foreign ventures must combine consideration of contracts, economic projections, hydrocarbon volumes, exploration cost estimates, and the estimated probability of success into an overall project assessment

  1. Study on the application of CANDLE burnup strategy to several nuclear reactors. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H13-002 (Contract research)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CANDLE burnup strategy is a new reactor burnup concept, where the distributions of fuel nuclide densities, neutron flux, and power density move with the same constant speed from bottom to top (or from top to bottom) of the core and without any change in their shapes. Therefore, any burnup control mechanisms are not required, and reactor characteristics do not change along burnup. The reactor is simple and safe. When this burnup scheme is applied to some neutron rich fast reactors, either natural or depleted uranium can be utilized as fresh fuel after second core and the burnup of discharged fuel is about 40%. It means that the nuclear energy can be utilized for many hundreds years without new mining, enrichment and reprocessing, and the amount of spent fuel can be reduced considerably. However, in order to perform such a high fuel burnup some innovative technologies should be developed. Though development of innovative fuel will take a lot of time, intermediate re-cladding may be easy to be employed. Compared to fast reactors, application of CANDLE burnup to prismatic fuel high-temperature gas cooled reactors is very easy. In this report the application of CANDLE burnup to both these types of reactors are studied. (author)

  2. Energy Performance Contracting

    OpenAIRE

    Čtrnáctý, Jaromír

    2009-01-01

    Energy Performance Contracting is an energy saving method, when the supplier guarantees a certain minimal level of energy savings to the customer, as well as non-rising energy costs. The method was developed at the turn of 70's and 80's in the USA and has spread to dozens of countries around the world till today, although the rate of the EPC market development differs from country to country. The method is useful mostly for heating, electricity and gas cost savings by the end-users. In the Cz...

  3. Tendering specification and contracting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lecture tendering, specification and contracting is prepared in two parts: This first part deals with technical aspects while part two features the commercial and legal situation in the partnership of two: the supplier of the fuel bundles and the utility. In this lecture a look is given on the way how a supplier can offer its fuel and some certain points are mentioned which are important to compare the bid of one competitor to the other. The major points are summarized which are or at least should be in an offer so as to find out which offer is the best. (orig./FW)

  4. 48 CFR 1632.617 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 1632.617 Contract clause. The clause at (FAR) 48 CFR 52.232-17 will be modified in all FEHBP...

  5. 7 CFR 1726.404 - Non-site specific construction contract closeout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Contract Closeout § 1726.404 Non-site specific construction contract closeout. This section is applicable to... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Non-site specific construction contract...

  6. TESTING FOR COOPERATIVE BEHAVIOR: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF LAND TENURE CONTRACTS IN TEXAS

    OpenAIRE

    Dasgupta, Siddhartha; Love, H. Alan; Knight, Thomas O.; Devadoss, Stephen

    1998-01-01

    Share contracts under information asymmetry often involve input application and risk sharing inefficiency. These difficulties are nullified under full information which can be approximated in repeated contracts. We give evidence of cooperation in repeated contracts, indicating the existence of full information efficiency and efficient resource use, despite underlying information asymmetry.

  7. A new type of contraction in a complete $G$-metric space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidhi Malhotra

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we extend and generalize the concept of $F$-contraction to $F$-weak contraction and prove a fixed point theorem for $F$-weak contraction in a complete $G$-metric space. The article includes a nontrivial example which verify the effectiveness and applicability of our main result.

  8. UKAEA'S evolving contract philosophy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) has gone through fundamental change over the last ten years. At the heart of this change has been UKAEA's relationship with the contracting and supply market. This paper describes the way in which UKAEA actively developed the market to support the decommissioning programme, and how the approach to contracting has evolved as external pressures and demands have changed. UKAEA's pro-active approach to industry has greatly assisted the development of a healthy, competitive market for services supporting decommissioning in the UK. There have been difficult changes and many challenges along the way, and some retrenchment was necessary to meet regulatory requirements. Nevertheless, UKAEA has sustained a high level of competition - now measured in terms of competed spend as a proportion of competable spend - with annual out-turns consistently over 80%. The prime responsibility for market development will pass to the new Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) in 2005, as the owner, on behalf of the Government, of the UK's civil nuclear liabilities. The preparatory work for the NDA indicates that the principles established by UKAEA will be carried forward. (author)

  9. Using multi tier contract ontology to model contract workflow models

    OpenAIRE

    Kabilan, Vandana

    2003-01-01

    Legal Business Contracts govern the business relationshipbetween trading business partners. Business contracts are likeblueprints of expected business behaviour from all thecontracting parties involved. Business contracts bind theparties to obligations that must be fulfilled by expectedperformance events. Contractual violations can lead to bothlegal and business consequences. Thus it is in the bestinterests of all parties concerned to organise their businessprocess flows to be compliant to th...

  10. 48 CFR 732.111 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 732.111... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING General 732.111 Contract clauses. (a) (b) USAID may obtain short... indefinite quantity contracts that are a combination of contract types. Rather than using the...

  11. 48 CFR 716.406 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 716.406 Section 716.406 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost Reimbursement Contracts 716.406 Contract clauses....

  12. 48 CFR 916.307 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 916.307 Section 916.307 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 916.307 Contract clauses. (g) Insert...

  13. 48 CFR 1416.405 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1416.405 Section 1416.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 1416.405 Contract clauses. The BPC, without the...

  14. 48 CFR 2017.204 - Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contracts 2017.204 Section 2017.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 2017.204 Contracts (a) The contracting officer...

  15. 48 CFR 1817.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contracts. 1817.204 Section... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 1817.204 Contracts. (e)(i) The 5-year limitation (basic plus option periods) applies to all NASA contracts regardless of type and...

  16. 48 CFR 1517.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contracts. 1517.204 Section 1517.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 1517.204 Contracts. The SCM may approve a contract...

  17. 48 CFR 17.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 17.204 Section 17.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 17.204 Contracts. (a) The contract shall specify...

  18. 48 CFR 817.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 817.204 Section 817.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 817.204 Contracts. (a) The contracting officer...

  19. 48 CFR 417.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 417.204 Section 417.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 417.204 Contracts. The head of the contracting...

  20. 48 CFR 937.7040 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Protective Services Contracting 937.7040 Contract clauses. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 952.237-70 entitled “Collective bargaining agreements—protective services” in all protective services solicitations and contracts involving DOE-owned facilities...

  1. Private International Law for Commercial Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Dan Laurentiu Stoicescu

    2005-01-01

    The article presents the main dispositions of the Romanian legislation (Law No.105/1992) which rule the determination of the applicable law for international trade contracts. The issuing of this law was made necessary by the expanding and diversified economic ties of Romania. Today this piece of legislation is extremely important, in the context of the globalization phenomenon, in which our country has to have a more and more active participation, in order to draw profits out of its positive ...

  2. Efficient and confidential reallocation of contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Nielsen, Kurt

    2012-01-01

    conflicting interests and decentralized knowledge, which, in many contexts, constitute the primary obstacle to the creation of economic gains. The establishment of the Danish contract exchange was the culmination of a novel and successful collaboration between economists and cryptologists. It constitutes a...... in a number of other applications, including voting, negotiations, and benchmarking. SMC makes it possible to combine private knowledge from a large number of parties without ever revealing their individual knowledge. This provides unique opportunities for individual agents to collaborate despite...

  3. Contraction theory based adaptive synchronization of chaotic systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contraction theory based stability analysis exploits the incremental behavior of trajectories of a system with respect to each other. Application of contraction theory provides an alternative way for stability analysis of nonlinear systems. This paper considers the design of a control law for synchronization of certain class of chaotic systems based on backstepping technique. The controller is selected so as to make the error dynamics between the two systems contracting. Synchronization problem with and without uncertainty in system parameters is discussed and necessary stability proofs are worked out using contraction theory. Suitable adaptation laws for unknown parameters are proposed based on the contraction principle. The numerical simulations verify the synchronization of the chaotic systems. Also parameter estimates converge to their true values with the proposed adaptation laws.

  4. Performance contracts for police forces

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Vollaard

    2003-01-01

    In 2003, the government will enter into performance contracts with each of the 25 regional police forces. The performance contracts establish a direct link between meeting a number of quantitative performance targets and financial incentives. A major improvement in police performance is necessary to meet the objective of 20 to 25 percent less criminal and disorderly behavior by 2006. A closer look at the performance contracts learns that they may not be the most appropriate policy instrument ...

  5. Optimal Contracts with Random Auditing

    OpenAIRE

    Andrei Barbos

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we study an optimal contract problem under moral hazard in a principal-agent framework where contracts are implemented through random auditing. This monitoring instrument reveals the precise action taken by the agent with some nondegenerate probability r, and otherwise reveals no information. We characterize optimal contracts with random perfect monitoring under several information structures that allow for moral hazard and adverse selection. We evaluate the effect of the intens...

  6. Methodological remarks on contraction theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jouffroy, Jerome; Slotine, Jean-Jacques E.

    Because contraction analysis stems from a differential and incremental framework, the nature and methodology of contraction-based proofs are significantly different from those of their Lyapunov-based counterparts. This paper specifically studies this issue, and illustrates it by revisiting some...... classical examples traditionally addressed using Lyapunov theory. Even in these cases, contraction tools can often yield significantly simplified analysis. The examples include adaptive control, robotics, and a proof of convergence of the deterministic Extended Kalman Filter....

  7. Preliminary Results Towards Contract Monitorability

    OpenAIRE

    Vella, Annalizz; Francalanza, Adrian

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses preliminary investigations on the monitorability of contracts for web service descriptions. There are settings where servers do not guarantee statically whether they satisfy some specified contract, which forces the client (i.e., the entity interacting with the server) to perform dynamic checks. This scenario may be viewed as an instance of Runtime Verification, where a pertinent question is whether contracts can be monitored for adequately at runtime, otherwise stated as...

  8. Some ancestors of contraction analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jouffroy, Jerome

    2005-01-01

    Contraction analysis is a recent tool for analyzing the convergence behavior of nonlinear systems in state-space form (see Lohmiller and Slotine [16] for the main reference). However, it seems that earlier results derived by mathematicians in the 1950s closely match some of the results of...... contraction analysis. In this paper, we review and place into perspective some references of this era, and relate them with contraction....

  9. Quasi Contraction and Fixed Points

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Alimohammady

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this note, we establish and improve some results on fixed point theory in topological vector spaces. As a generalization of contraction maps, the concept of quasi contraction multivalued maps on a topological vector space will be defined. Further, it is shown that a quasi contraction and closed multivalued map on a topological vector space has a unique fixed point if it is bounded value.

  10. Multilevel Contracts for Trusted Components

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Messabihi

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article contributes to the design and the verification of trusted components and services. The contracts are declined at several levels to cover then different facets, such as component consistency, compatibility or correctness. The article introduces multilevel contracts and a design+verification process for handling and analysing these contracts in component models. The approach is implemented with the COSTO platform that supports the Kmelia component model. A case study illustrates the overall approach.

  11. Unifying projected entangled pair state contractions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The approximate contraction of a tensor network of projected entangled pair states (PEPS) is a fundamental ingredient of any PEPS algorithm, required for the optimization of the tensors in ground state search or time evolution, as well as for the evaluation of expectation values. An exact contraction is in general impossible, and the choice of the approximating procedure determines the efficiency and accuracy of the algorithm. We analyze different previous proposals for this approximation, and show that they can be understood via the form of their environment, i.e. the operator that results from contracting part of the network. This provides physical insight into the limitation of various approaches, and allows us to introduce a new strategy, based on the idea of clusters, that unifies previous methods. The resulting contraction algorithm interpolates naturally between the cheapest and most imprecise and the most costly and most precise method. We benchmark the different algorithms with finite PEPS, and show how the cluster strategy can be used for both the tensor optimization and the calculation of expectation values. Additionally, we discuss its applicability to the parallelization of PEPS and to infinite systems

  12. 无人机航空摄影在农村土地承包确权工作中的应用%Application of UAV Aerophotography in Rural Land Contract Right Verification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉梅

    2015-01-01

    无人机航空摄影以无人驾驶飞机作为空中作业平台,集合高空拍摄、遥感以及航空摄影于一体,对农村范围内的集体土地,包括属于农民集体所有的建设用地、农用地和未利用地进行航空摄影,获取准确的地形图数据,以保证农村集体土地登记确权发证工作有效进行。本文对无人机航空摄影技术在农村土地承包经营权确权登记发证工作进行简单介绍。%Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) aerophotography takes the pilotless aircraft as the aerial platform, integrating high altitude photography, RS and aerophotography. It takes airphoto of the rural collective land including construction land, farmland and unused land to get accurate topographic map data in order to ensure the rural collective land registration verification and certification work. This article briefly introduces the application of UAV aerophotography in rural land contract for the managerial right verification registration and certification.

  13. Uterine Contraction Modeling and Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Miao; Belfore, Lee A.; Shen, Yuzhong; Scerbo, Mark W.

    2010-01-01

    Building a training system for medical personnel to properly interpret fetal heart rate tracing requires developing accurate models that can relate various signal patterns to certain pathologies. In addition to modeling the fetal heart rate signal itself, the change of uterine pressure that bears strong relation to fetal heart rate and provides indications of maternal and fetal status should also be considered. In this work, we have developed a group of parametric models to simulate uterine contractions during labor and delivery. Through analysis of real patient records, we propose to model uterine contraction signals by three major components: regular contractions, impulsive noise caused by fetal movements, and low amplitude noise invoked by maternal breathing and measuring apparatus. The regular contractions are modeled by an asymmetric generalized Gaussian function and least squares estimation is used to compute the parameter values of the asymmetric generalized Gaussian function based on uterine contractions of real patients. Regular contractions are detected based on thresholding and derivative analysis of uterine contractions. Impulsive noise caused by fetal movements and low amplitude noise by maternal breathing and measuring apparatus are modeled by rational polynomial functions and Perlin noise, respectively. Experiment results show the synthesized uterine contractions can mimic the real uterine contractions realistically, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  14. Forthcoming indefinite contract review procedure

    CERN Document Server

    Human Resources Department

    2011-01-01

    The vacancy notices for posts opened with a view to the award of an indefinite contract will be published in early April 2011. In the meantime, the list of posts to be opened this spring is available at the following address: Indefinite contract posts - spring 2011 A second exercise will take place in autumn 2011 and, as of 2012, the indefinite contract award procedure will only be held once a year, in autumn. For more information please consult: https://hr-recruit.web.cern.ch/hr-recruit/staff/IndefiniteContracts.asp  

  15. A proposed taxonomy of contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Mouzas, Stefanos; Furmston, Michael

    2013-01-01

    We propose a classification of contracts based on their real-life usage. Recognizing that there are a number of different and overlapping ways of classifying contracts, we can identify at least seven ways of doing this: 1) by the subject matter, 2) by the way the contract is made, 3) by the function of contracts, 4) by the time-horizon, 5) by the ability to re-negotiate terms, 6) by the involvement of consumers, 7) by the existence of mutual trust. The proposed taxonomy draws our attention to...

  16. Evaluarea eficienţei economice a comercializării masei lemnoase prin contracte pe termen lung, cu o aplicaţie la fag [ Evaluation of economic efficiency of marketing timber by long-term contracts, with an application to beech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nichiforel Liviu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In Romania long term contracts for the selling of timber from public forests have been implemented in 2002 for a period of 10 years as a support for investments in wood processing companies. Currently there is a public debate about their efficiency considering their impact on the concentration of timber demand in the hands of the companies which have accessed such contracts. In this context the paper analysis the economic efficiency of the implementation of long term contracts in the Forest Department Suceava considering the transactions of a processing company specialized on beech timber. Methodologically the paper uses two sets of data: 167 stands sold based on long-term contracts in the period 2009-2013 and 1725 stands sold in public actions from 2009 to 2011. The second set of data has been used for a regression analysis as to identify the relation between the stumpage prices obtain in public auctions and the stand characteristics seen as explanatory variables. The resulted regression model was employed to predict the stumpage value for those stands sold via long-term contracts in the scenario they have been sold by public auction. The results show that for the analysed period the prices obtained from long-term contracts have been 32% higher compared with the prices from public auction. Nevertheless the results are interpreted in the particular context provided by the limited competition on the beech market and the decrease of the timber prices brought by the 2009 financial crises. The findings have policy implications for the future development and use of long-term contracts.

  17. The Relationship between the Employment Contract and other Civil Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Răzvan Radu Popescu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The employment relationship is a contractual one and as such must have all the basic elements of an enforceable contract to make it legally binding. In strict contractual terms, the offer is made by the employer and formally accepted by the employee. Once the acceptance has taken place, there is a legally binding agreement and an action will lie against the party who breaches that agreement, even though it may only just have come into existence. An employment contract, however, is unlike most other contracts. Although the parties will have negotiated the main terms, we shall see that a large number of terms will be implied into the agreement from all sorts of different sources and will not have been individually negotiated by the parties at all. This is what makes an employment contract so different from other contracts. We think this article is an important step in the disclosure of the problem eraised by these two concepts.

  18. Incentive Effects of Funding Contracts: An Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    J. Philipp Reiß; Irenaeus Wolff

    2012-01-01

    We examine the incentive e ffects of funding contracts on entrepreneurial eff ort decisions and allocative e ciency. We experiment with four types of contracts (standard debt contract, outside equity, non-monotonic contract, full-subsidy contract) that di er in the structure of investor repayment and, therefore, in the incentives for entrepreneurial e ffort provision. Theoretically the replacement of a standard debt contract by a repayment-equivalent non-monotonic contract reduces eff ort dis...

  19. Practical issues in structuring seismic licensing and acquisition contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some of the key subjects addressed in the International Association of Geophysical Contractors' (IAGCs') Contract Manual concerning the structuring of seismic licences are explained. The IAGC is the international trade association of the seismic industry headquartered in Houston, Texas. The manuals (i.e. U.S. and International) were designed to provide users with some basic, useful guidelines regarding contracts and licenses. This paper described the structure of the manuals and reviewed some key contract clauses such as liability/indemnity, permitting, contractor's rights, conflict resolution and applicable laws (important in the case of international licenses)

  20. Performance-Driven Interface Contract Enforcement for Scientific Components

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlgren, T

    2007-02-22

    Several performance-driven approaches to selectively enforce interface contracts for scientific components are investigated. The goal is to facilitate debugging deployed applications built from plug-and-play components while keeping the cost of enforcement within acceptable overhead limits. This paper describes a study of global enforcement using a priori execution cost estimates obtained from traces. Thirteen trials are formed from five, single-component programs. Enforcement experiments conducted using twenty-three enforcement policies are used to determine the nature of exercised contracts and the impact of a variety of sampling strategies. Performance-driven enforcement appears to be best suited to programs that exercise moderately expensive contracts.

  1. Electrohysterographic Characterization of Labor Contractions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Eva; Fuglsang-Frederiksen, Anders; Petersen, Olav Bjørn;

    2012-01-01

    . For calculating time displacement, we used cross-correlation to identify similar signals. Results: Each contraction consisted of 25-45 fluctuations with variable amplitudes. Background fluctuations with smaller amplitudes were observed between contractions. The signal order was random and independent...

  2. CONTRACT ADMINISTRATIVE TRACKING SYSTEM (CATS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Contract Administrative Tracking System (CATS) was developed in response to an ORD NHEERL, Mid-Continent Ecology Division (MED)-recognized need for an automated tracking and retrieval system for Cost Reimbursable Level of Effort (CR/LOE) Contracts. CATS is an Oracle-based app...

  3. Contracted auxiliary Gaussian basis integral and derivative evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Giese, Timothy J.; York, Darrin M.

    2008-01-01

    The rapid evaluation of 2-center Coulomb and overlap integrals between contracted auxiliary solid harmonic Gaussian functions is examined. Integral expressions are derived from the application of Hobson’s theorem and Dunlap’s product and differentiation rules of the spherical tensor gradient operator. It is shown that inclusion of the primitive normalization constants greatly simplifies the calculation of contracted functions corresponding to a Gaussian multipole expansion of a diffuse charge...

  4. Applying commercial practices to Navy husbanding services contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Verrastro, Paul J.

    1996-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the application of commercial practices to Navy husbanding services contracts. It examines the general background and framework for the use of husbanding agents within the Department of the Navy and explores the pre-award and post-award issues associated with these husbanding services contracts. Husbanding services are the logistical support services that a ship requires when it pulls into a port. NA U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author

  5. Contract farming in Costa Rica: opportunities for smallholders?

    OpenAIRE

    Sáenz-Segura, J.F.

    2006-01-01

    Transaction costs and other market failures are widely present in the agricultural sector of emerging economies and negatively affect to low-income smallholders, making difficult their integration into dynamic agri-food supply chains. Earlier literature mentions contract farming as an economic institution with the potential to incorporate smallholders into more advanced markets and strength supply chain integration. However, the application of contract farming in some countries of Latin Ameri...

  6. Compulsory Arbitration Agreements in Domestic and International Consumer Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, D A

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the UK Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations (UTCCR)'s prohibition on clauses in consumer contracts that mandate dispute settlement in an arbitration tribunal as potentially unfair and oppressive as against consumers because it denies their right to civil adjudication. The understanding of UTCCR's unfairness as developed by the UK House of Lords is not necessarily applicable to arbitration clauses because of the lower cost of such proceedings and the availability ...

  7. Compulsory Arbitration Clauses in Domestic and International Consumer Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, D A

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the UK Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations (UTCCR)'s prohibition on clauses in consumer contracts that mandate dispute settlement in an arbitration tribunal as potentially unfair and oppressive as against consumers because it denies their right to civil adjudication. The understanding of UTCCR's unfairness as developed by the UK House of Lords is not necessarily applicable to arbitration clauses because of the lower cost of such proceedings and the availability ...

  8. Contracting and Performance in Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnholt, Bente; Houlberg Salomonsen, Heidi; Rennison, Betina Wolfgang

    , documentary and interview data. To measure the degree of performance as the degree of goal attainment, all agency contracts for 2008 as well as the subsequent ‘enterprise accounts’ defining the goal attainment have been collected. There were 62 agencies in 2008, 58 of which had a contract. Goal attainment...... is measured by linking each performance demand in each contract to the corresponding assessment in the enterprise accounts of whether the demand has been fulfilled, partly fulfilled or not fulfilled. The data on the experience of the contracting process were collected as the agency heads’ subjective......As part of New Public Management (NPM), contracting represents a supplement to the traditional hierarchical and rule-based managing of relations between actors in order to improve performance (Fortin and van Hassel 2000; Greve and Ejersbo 2002; Drewry et al. 2005; Verhoest 2005). To various degrees...

  9. Choreography Synthesis as Contract Agreement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Lange

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We propose a formal model for distributed systems, where each participant advertises its requirements and obligations as behavioural contracts, and where multiparty sessions are started when a set of contracts allows to synthesise a choreography. Our framework is based on the CO2 calculus for contract-oriented computing, and borrows concepts and results from the session type literature. It supports sessions where the number of participants is not determined beforehand, and keeps CO2's ability to rule out participants that are culpable if contracts are not fulfilled at runtime. We show that we have progress and session fidelity in CO2, as a result of the honesty of participants — i.e., their ability to always adhere to their contracts.

  10. Tensor Network Contractions for #SAT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biamonte, Jacob D.; Morton, Jason; Turner, Jacob

    2015-09-01

    The computational cost of counting the number of solutions satisfying a Boolean formula, which is a problem instance of #SAT, has proven subtle to quantify. Even when finding individual satisfying solutions is computationally easy (e.g. 2-SAT, which is in ), determining the number of solutions can be #-hard. Recently, computational methods simulating quantum systems experienced advancements due to the development of tensor network algorithms and associated quantum physics-inspired techniques. By these methods, we give an algorithm using an axiomatic tensor contraction language for n-variable #SAT instances with complexity where c is the number of COPY-tensors, g is the number of gates, and d is the maximal degree of any COPY-tensor. Thus, n-variable counting problems can be solved efficiently when their tensor network expression has at most COPY-tensors and polynomial fan-out. This framework also admits an intuitive proof of a variant of the Tovey conjecture (the r,1-SAT instance of the Dubois-Tovey theorem). This study increases the theory, expressiveness and application of tensor based algorithmic tools and provides an alternative insight on these problems which have a long history in statistical physics and computer science.

  11. Passage with Sudden Expansion or Contraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuichi Torii

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates rotational effects on secondary flow in rotating flow passages with sudden expansion or contraction. Consideration is given to laminar flow. The governing boundary-layer equations are discretized by means of a finite-difference technique and numerically solved to determine the distributions of velocity vector under the appropriate boundary conditions. The Reynolds number (Re and rotation rate are varied to determine their effects on the formation ofsecondary flows. It is disclosed from the study that: (i when laminar flow is introduced into an axially rotating pipe with expansion, the stretch ofthe secondary flow zone is amplified with an increase in the rotation rate and Re, and (ii in contrast, for axially rotating pipe flows with contraction, the secondary flow region is somewhat suppressed due to pipe rotation, and the change is slightly affected by the rotation rate and Re. Results may find applications in automotive and rotating hydraulic transmission lines.

  12. IAEA research contracts. Ninth annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume is the seventh annual publication of the summaries of final reports received during 1968 in connection with contracts and agreements awarded by the IAEA Research Contract Programme. Ninety nine such summaries are included, thus bringing to 323 the total number published so far. In every case the summary of the contractor's final report has been prepared by that member of the Agency's scientific staff who has been most closely connected with the particular branch of research concerned. The scientific data are the responsibility of the contractor, though the Agency is responsible for any additional observations. The reports presented are related to research in the field of radioactive waste management and environmental sciences; health physics and radiation protection; radiobiology; safeguards methods; nuclear reactors physics and nuclear fuels; radioisotope applications in agriculture, medicine and hydrology, food preservation by irradiation

  13. INFINITY construction contract signed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Key state and community leaders celebrated April 6 with the signing of a construction contract for the state-of-the-art INFINITY Science Center planned near John C. Stennis Space Center in south Mississippi. Gulfport Mayor George Schloegel (l to r), chair of non-profit INFINITY Science Center Inc., was joined for the signing ceremony at the Hancock Bank in Gulfport by Virginia Wagner, sister of late Hancock Bank President Leo Seal Jr.; and Roy Anderson III, president and CEO of Roy Anderson Corp. Seal was the first chair of INFINITY Science Center Inc., which has led in development of the project. Roy Anderson Corp. plans to begin construction on the 72,000-square-foot, $28 million science and education center in May. The Mississippi Department of Transportation (MDOT) also is set to begin construction of a $2 million access road to the new center. The April 6 ceremony was attended by numerous officials, including former Stennis Space Center Directors Jerry Hlass and Roy Estess; Mississippi Senate President Pro Tempore Billy Hewes, R-Gulfport; Mississippi Rep. Diane Peranich, D-Pass Christian; and MDOT Southern District Commissioner Wayne Brown.

  14. [Risk of contracting HIV].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becerra, Valeria Peixoto; Gaspar, Maria Filomena M; Alves, Maria Do Socorro C F

    2009-04-01

    The authors identify social activities related to the risk of contracting HIV in nursing students, bearing in mind their influence while using bio-secure methods, by means of an exploratory and qualitative study; 168 Superior School of Nursing in Lisbon, Portugal students participated in this study. Data were gathered by means of a Free Association Word Test which includes social demographic variables related to the participants. 90% of the 168 students in this study were female and 10% male. The majority 79,2%, of the participants age fell between 21 and 25 years and 97,6% of these participants were Portuguese. In the free association word test when responding to the stimulus HIV/AIDS, participants expressed disease (which is contagious in a clinical setting), and death as the awaited outcome for it. For the test term "risk of contagion when dealing with an AIDS patient" the participants often mentioned the words protection against contagion, as well as fear to contact blood and gloves as the main prevention method. To the stimulus measures of bio-security the words most frequently cited were glove as a protective measure in the context of professional activity and preservative (condom) to avoid contagion in other social contexts experienced by the participants. PMID:19554898

  15. 48 CFR 217.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 217.204 Section... DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 217.204 Contracts. (e)(i) Notwithstanding FAR 17.204(e), the ordering period of a task order or delivery order...

  16. 48 CFR 317.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 317.204 Section 317.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 317.204 Contracts. (e) The total of the basic and...

  17. 48 CFR 846.312 - Construction contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction contracts. 846.312 Section 846.312 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 846.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer...

  18. 7 CFR 632.22 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 632.22 Section 632.22 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL ABANDONED MINE PROGRAM Participation § 632.22 Contracts. (a) Cost-sharing contracts. A land user who has an approved reclamation plan may enter into a contract with NRCS...

  19. 48 CFR 617.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 617.204 Section 617.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 617.204 Contracts. (e) The Procurement Executive shall...

  20. 7 CFR 800.198 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 800.198 Section 800.198 Agriculture..., Designations, Approvals, Contracts, and Conflicts of Interest § 800.198 Contracts. (a) Services contracted and who may apply. The Service may enter into a contract with any person, State, or governmental agency...

  1. 48 CFR 2417.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contracts. 2417.204 Section 2417.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACTING TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 2417.204 Contracts. (e) The...

  2. 48 CFR 811.503 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 811.503... ACQUISITION PLANNING DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS Liquidated Damages 811.503 Contract clause. When the contracting... contracting officer must include the clause in 852.211-74, Liquidated damages, in the contract....

  3. 48 CFR 837.403 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 837.403... OF CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Nonpersonal Health Care Services 837.403 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 852.237-7, Indemnification and medical liability insurance,...

  4. 7 CFR 634.25 - Contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracting. 634.25 Section 634.25 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.25 Contracting. (a) To participate in RCWP, a landowner or operator must enter into a contract in which he or...

  5. 48 CFR 4.802 - Contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Agencies may retain contract files in any medium (paper, electronic, microfilm, etc.) or any combination of... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 4.802... MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.802 Contract files. (a) A contract file should generally consist...

  6. Research and application on management information system for labor contract staff in universities and colleges%高校合同制人员管理信息系统的研究与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小春; 彭宇; 王建武

    2011-01-01

    为了加强劳动合同制人员管理工作,清华大学开发了合同制人员管理信息系统.该系统的运行为合同制人员的日常管理工作提供了可靠保障,也使合同制人员管理工作迈上一个新台阶.对高校合同制人员管理过程中存在的问题进行了分析,介绍了合同制人员管理的业务流程和系统设计内容,对系统的实现技术进行了论述.%The management information system for labor contract staff has been built in Tsinghua University in order to strengthen the management of the labor contract staff. The system running of the daily management of labor contract staff provides a reliable guarantee, and the management of labor contract staff is up to a new level. This article starts with an analysis of problems existed in the management process of labor contract staff in universities and colleges, then introduces the business process and system design content of the management information system for labor contract staff, and the technologies used in implementation of the system are discussed.

  7. Contraction ionization waves in the argon contracted discharge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An investigation of ionization waves in the argon contracted discharge and a definition of their arising propagation mechanism accounting for the specificity of elementary pocesses characteristic of argon are presented. (author)

  8. 48 CFR 216.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 216.405 Section 216.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 216.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  9. 48 CFR 1816.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 1816.405 Section 1816.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 1816.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  10. 48 CFR 916.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 916.405 Section 916.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 916.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  11. 48 CFR 1316.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 1316.405 Section 1316.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 1316.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  12. 48 CFR 416.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 416.405 Section 416.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 416.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  13. 29 CFR 4.130 - Types of covered service contracts illustrated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Application of the McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act Particular Application of Contract Coverage Principles... collection, processing, and/or analysis services. (14) Drafting and illustrating. (15) Electronic equipment..., engines, electrical motors, vehicles, and electronic, telecommunications, office and related business,...

  14. The Relationship between the Employment Contract and other Civil Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Răzvan Radu Popescu

    2015-01-01

    The employment relationship is a contractual one and as such must have all the basic elements of an enforceable contract to make it legally binding. In strict contractual terms, the offer is made by the employer and formally accepted by the employee. Once the acceptance has taken place, there is a legally binding agreement and an action will lie against the party who breaches that agreement, even though it may only just have come into existence. An employment contract, however, is...

  15. On CNC Commuting Contractive Tuples

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T Bhattacharyya; J Eschmeier; J Sarkar

    2006-08-01

    The characteristic function has been an important tool for studying completely non-unitary contractions on Hilbert spaces. In this note, we consider completely non-coisometric contractive tuples of commuting operators on a Hilbert space $\\mathcal{H}$. We show that the characteristic function, which is now an operator-valued analytic function on the open Euclidean unit ball in $\\mathbb{C}^n$, is a complete unitary invariant for such a tuple. We prove that the characteristic function satisfies a natural transformation law under biholomorphic mappings of the unit ball. We also characterize all operator-valued analytic functions which arise as characteristic functions of pure commuting contractive tuples.

  16. Multiple Fiztgerald-Lorentz contractions

    CERN Document Server

    Geurdes, J F

    2001-01-01

    In a recent paper, Harada and Sachs suggested that the Fitzgerald-Lorentz contraction does not refer to a physical contraction but can perhaps best be seen as a 'currency conversion'. In the present paper, this view is inspected, and it is found, beyond the immediate frame of the interpretation, that the Fitzgerald-Lorentz contraction leads to a contradiction in a system of more than two observers. A possible physical system in which this can occur is a relativistic (ideal) gas or fluid.

  17. Changes in new Civil code, considering contract of purchase and contract for work

    OpenAIRE

    Burešová, Eliška

    2014-01-01

    This thesis examines changes in new Civil code, considering contract of purchase and contract for work. Primary aim of this paper is to compare changes in contract of purchase and contract for work legislation, which are both parts of new Civil code and Commercial code. Secondary goal is to discuss new Civil code in general, describe contract of purchase and contract for work, as they are both most common types of contract, then compare business-legal legislation of those contracts in compari...

  18. 48 CFR 1450.103 - Contract adjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract adjustments. 1450.103 Section 1450.103 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONTRACT... Contract adjustments....

  19. 77 FR 37907 - Information Collection; Service Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ...; Service Contracting AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DOD), General Services Administration (GSA), and... requirement concerning service contracting. Public comments are particularly invited on: Whether this...- 0152, Service Contracting, by any of the following methods: Regulations.gov :...

  20. 78 FR 11237 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an additional Global Reseller Expedited Package Contract... entered into an additional Global Reseller Expedited Package Contracts 1 negotiated service...

  1. 48 CFR 19.808 - Contract negotiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract negotiation. 19... PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Contracting With the Small Business Administration (the 8(a) Program) 19.808 Contract negotiation....

  2. 78 FR 11699 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... entered into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3 negotiated... Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Service Agreement, February...-24), Order No. 684, Order Approving International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract...

  3. 48 CFR 619.808 - Contract negotiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract negotiation. 619... SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Contracting with the Small Business Administration (The 8(a) Program) 619.808 Contract negotiation....

  4. 77 FR 76091 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... an expired International Business Reply Service (IBRS) competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal Service... Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 1 Negotiated Service Agreement, December 14, 2012 (Notice). The... history. The Commission added International Business Reply Service Contract 1 to the competitive...

  5. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-05-01

    Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents provides materials that clarify the authority for Federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs), as well as sample documents and resources to ease utility partnership contracting.

  6. Consistency Checking of Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M. Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2008-01-01

    Behavioural properties are analyzed for web service contracts formulated in Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) and Choreography Description Language (CDL). The key result reported is an automated technique to check consistency between protocol aspects of the contracts. The contracts are...

  7. The Importance of Employment Contract for Umsida Quality Employees Improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noor Fatimah Mediawati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The absence of employment contracts in UMSIDA recognized cause some problems. Especially in improving the performance of employees. Issues a little more disturbing harmonious labor relations between employees and UMSIDA. In the terminology of the Labour Act, employment contract terms it is known as the Employment Agreement. Where the existence of labor agreement / contract employment is expected to harmonize the working relationship with the employer in accordance with the applicable rules. The existence of employment contracts is also a legal instrument which according to researchers ought to be put forward in efforts to increase the qualifications and competence of employees. By contract it will also avoid things that are not desirable in an employment relationship, because each party will always carry out their rights and responsibilities are aligned and balanced. Tranquility in the work and the guarantee of legal protection are expected to improve employee performance especially towards quality UMSIDA 2020. So this study explored further the urgency employment contract once its design. How To Cite: Mediawati, N., & Phahlevy, R. (2015. The Importance of Employment Contract for Umsida Quality Employees Improvement. Rechtsidee, 2(2, 141-156. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.21070/jihr.v2i2.106

  8. Conflict, Contract, Leadership and Innovation: An Interdisciplinary View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto SERAVALLI

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The competitive market is able to regulate simple innovative processes. In those of a more complex nature whose principal players may belong to either the same or a different firm a different form of organization is required: one which coherently defines rules and resources designed to avoid, in conditions of uncertainty, tensions arising between the different players which prevent their coordination. In this essay, the hypothesis that such organizations require both contract and leadership will be presented and discussed. The contract is required to en-sure ex-post efficiency, avoiding wastage of resources, and ex-ante efficiency, i.e. mutual commitment between the different players in the innovative process. Leadership is required to progressively manage the conflicts that occur between contrasting visions of how best to proceed that emerge from different specializations, legitimized through a shared commitment. Notwithstanding such characterization, leadership may also not assume the same functions of contract. The contract may not be sufficient and require leadership, but strong leadership cannot replace contract. In such a case, there would be a risk of disengagement. An initial application of this simple model (leadership and contract seems encouraging against competing theories conceiving contract or leadership as sufficient conditions for innovation.

  9. Contract Modelling for Digital Business Ecosystems

    OpenAIRE

    Finnegan, Jason; Malone, Paul; Espinosa Maroñon, A.; Bueso Guillén, P.

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the legal and technical issues of creating legally binding contracts in a digital ecosystem and to present the solution created for the DBE (Digital Business Ecosystem) project[1]. We investigate the legal implications of electronic contracts and digital signatures, and also take a brief look at the types of clauses that make up a contract. The DBE contract model for creating contracts and contract templates is presented, along with the tools created for...

  10. US Forest Service Stewardship Contracting

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service on the www depicting the locations of activities within the Stewardship Contracting Project Boundary. Activities are implemented through stewardship...

  11. Commerical Remote Sensing Data Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey

    2005-01-01

    The U. S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Commercial Remote Sensing Data Contracts (CRSDCs) provide government agencies with access to a broad range of commercially available remotely sensed airborne and satellite data. These contracts were established to support The National Map partners, other Federal Civilian agency programs, and Department of Defense programs that require data for the United States and its territories. Experience shows that centralized procurement of remotely sensed data leads to considerable cost savings to the Federal government through volume discounts, reduction of redundant contract administrative costs, and avoidance of duplicate purchases. These contracts directly support the President's Commercial Remote Sensing Space Policy, signed in 2003, by providing a centralized mechanism for civil agencies to acquire commercial remote sensing products to support their mission needs in an efficient and coordinated way. CRSDC administration is provided by the USGS Mid-Continent Mapping Center in Rolla, Missouri.

  12. Framework for Structuring Procurement Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena Borg

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to propose a new framework for structuring contract types and payment methods. Concerning procurement contracts, the first important new feature of this framework is a stepwise structure with three main steps in the contract design: (1 what will be procured—should the contract only include construction, or should it include both construction and operation/maintenance (2 who will do the detailed design of the premise and (3 how many contractors will the client use? The second important new feature of this framework is that both step 2 and step 3 include a continuum of alternatives. Concerning payment methods, the new framework is primarily based on how the specific risks of the project are shared. These frameworks can be useful for policy formulation in that they can help to avoid some problematic ways of formulating policies.

  13. Multifamily Assistance Section 8 Contracts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — he information regarding the Multifamily Assistance and Section 8 contracts, and properties is being furnished for the convenience of interested parties. The...

  14. Next Indefinite Contract review exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, We are pleased to inform you that the 2013 LD2IC exercise (selection process for the conversion of limited-duration contracts to indefinite contracts) was officially launched last week.  The vacancy notices for posts opened with a view to the award of indefinite contracts will be published on 9 August 2013 for a period of four weeks (until 8 September 2013). The CERN Contract Review Boards (candidate interviews) will be held between the end of September and mid-November. The LD to IC procedure, Frequently Asked Questions and a calendar for the exercise are now available in the Admin e-guide. In addition, general information sessions on the procedure will be organised for candidates on the following dates: Information on the location of these sessions will be provided in due course on the CERN announcements page. HR Department

  15. Contraction of the solar nebula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rawal, J.J. (Nehru Planetarium, Bombay (India))

    1984-10-01

    The concept of Roche limit is applied to the Laplacian theory of the origin of the solar system to study the contraction of a spherical gas cloud (solar nebula). In the process of contraction of the solar nebula, it is assumed that the phenomenon of supersonic turbulent convection is operative and brings about the halt at various stages of contraction. It is found that the radius of the contracting solar nebula follows the Titius-Bode law. The consequences of the relation are also discussed. The aim is to attempt to explain, on the basis of the concept of Roche limit, the distribution of planets in the solar system and try to understand the physics underlying it.

  16. Principles of European Contract Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lando, Ole; Beale, Hugh

    of articles, with a detailed commentary explaining the purpose and operation of each article and its relation to the remainder. Each article also has extensive comparative notes surveying the national laws and other international provisions on the topic. "The Principles of European Contract Law Parts......This text provides a comprehensive guide to the principles of European contract law. They have been drawn up by an independent body of experts from each Member State of the EU, under a project supported by the European Commission and many other organizations. The principles are stated in the form...... developing a common European legal culture. The European Parliament has twice called for the creation of a European Civil Code. The principles of European contract law are essential steps in these projects. This text provides a comprehensive guide to the Principles of European contract law. They have been...

  17. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of... ADMINISTRATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts...

  18. Cartographic services contract...for everything geographic

    Science.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Cartographic Services Contract (CSC) is used to award work for photogrammetric and mapping services under the umbrella of Architect-Engineer (A&E) contracting. The A&E contract is broad in scope and can accommodate any activity related to standard, nonstandard, graphic, and digital cartographic products. Services provided may include, but are not limited to, photogrammetric mapping and aerotriangulation; orthophotography; thematic mapping (for example, land characterization); analog and digital imagery applications; geographic information systems development; surveying and control acquisition, including ground-based and airborne Global Positioning System; analog and digital image manipulation, analysis, and interpretation; raster and vector map digitizing; data manipulations (for example, transformations, conversions, generalization, integration, and conflation); primary and ancillary data acquisition (for example, aerial photography, satellite imagery, multispectral, multitemporal, and hyperspectral data); image scanning and processing; metadata production, revision, and creation; and production or revision of standard USGS products defined by formal and informal specification and standards, such as those for digital line graphs, digital elevation models, digital orthophoto quadrangles, and digital raster graphics.

  19. Radiation sterilisation - a contract steriliser's view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation processing is based on two characteristics of high energy radiations namely their ability to kill micro-organisms and their ability to modify polymer structure. Contract radiation plants are particularly prominent in the application of radiation processing, accounting for approx. 33% of gamma plants world wide and over 50% of installed Cobalt 60. Amongst contract radiation plants Globally sterilisation will account for some 70-80% of gamma plant revenues with 20-30% being associated with other microbiological control activities. Individual plants however will show significant variation. Total volumes of sterile product generated by contract gamma plants are estimated at approx. 1.5-2.0 m3 per annum. Chemical modification generally forms a small proportion of their activity in value or volume terms although the high dosages generally required for polymer modification may result in a larger proportion of process time. Non-sterilisation irradiation services based on microbiological control are provided for a variety of industries particularly pharmaceutical raw material, food packaging and pharmaceutical packaging and food itself. (author)

  20. IAEA research contracts. Fourth annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume represents the fourth annual report on the results obtained under the Agency's research contract programme. During the short life of this programme, which is not quite six years old, a total investment of more than three million dollars has been made to support research in selected fields at institutes in 50 Member States. Extensive summaries are presented herein for all final reports relating to contracts which were completed during 1963. As it is the policy of the Agency to encourage publication in the open scientific literature of the results of work done under research contracts, a number of papers have also appeared in the appropriate journals - the Agency having been notified of 75 such publications in 1963. A complete list of references to these is given at the end of this report. The scientific data presented in the summaries of course remain the responsibility of the contractor. The Agency, however, is responsible for any additional observations. The reports presented are related to research in the field of radioactive waste management and environmental sciences; health physics and radiation protection; radiobiology; nuclear reactors physics and nuclear fuels; radioisotope applications in agriculture and medicine

  1. 48 CFR 801.602 - Contracting officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career Development, Contracting Authority, and... contracting authority. (7) Manage and enhance career development of the procurement work force. (8)...

  2. Conditions of contract for construction

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    Conditions of Contract for Construction, which are recommended for building or engineering works designed by the Employer or by his representative, the Engineer. Under the usual arrangements for this type of contract, the Contractor constructs the works in accordance with a design provided by the Employer. However, the works may include some elements of Contractor-designed civil, mechanical, electrical and/or construction works.

  3. Myocardial contraction-relaxation coupling

    OpenAIRE

    Janssen, Paul M.L.

    2010-01-01

    Since the pioneering work of Henry Pickering Bowditch in the late 1800s to early 1900s, cardiac muscle contraction has remained an intensely studied topic for several reasons. The heart is located centrally in our body, and its pumping motion demands the attention of the observer. The contraction of the heart encompasses a complex interplay of mechanical, chemical, and electrical properties, and its function can thus be studied from any of these viewpoints. In addition, diseases of the heart ...

  4. Relational contracts and global sourcing

    OpenAIRE

    Kukharskyy, Bohdan

    2015-01-01

    Relational contracts - informal agreements sustained by the value of future relationships - are integral parts of global production processes. This paper develops a repeated-game model of global sourcing in which final goods producers decide whether to engage with their suppliers in relational contracting and whether to integrate a supplier into a firm's boundaries or deal with the latter at arm's length. The model predicts that the likelihood of vertical integration increases in the long-ter...

  5. THE COST OF FORWARD CONTRACTING

    OpenAIRE

    Shi, Wei; Irwin, Scott H.; Good, Darrel L.; Hagedorn, Lewis A.

    2004-01-01

    The cost of forward contracting corn is estimated with weekly pre-harvest forward bases for seven regions of Illinois from 1975 to 2002. Given the panel structure of the forward basis dataset, we extend Townsend and Brorsen's univariate unit root model for forward bases to a panel unit root model. With the time series of forward bases modeled as unit root processes, the cost of forward contracting is estimated. The empirical results from the estimation show that the cost of forward contractin...

  6. Humanitarian Research Group Contingency Contracting

    OpenAIRE

    Humanitarian Research Group

    2013-01-01

    When a disaster strikes, the response follows. Sometimes the supplies are obtained in advance, especially during the pre-positioning stages. The supplies received from donors and purchased from vendors are transported by various means to predetermined locations and distributed by emergency responders to affected areas. The contracting for this transportation, if in place, results in fast relief. However, the nature of the events creates uncertainties, therefore logistics and contracting have ...

  7. Contracts, cost sharing and consistency

    OpenAIRE

    Koster, M

    2009-01-01

    Under a contract, agents are not only held to honor the allocation as prescribed by a cost sharing mechanism but also a full description of allocated units and costs once production falls short. For agents leaving the cost sharing problem by taking their demanded units and prepaying the corresponding bill, a contract allows for a reformulation of the cost sharing problem to serve the remaining agents. Consistency requires invariance of cost shares relative to any such reduced cost sharing pro...

  8. Host City Contract operational requirements

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The Host City Contract - Operational Requirements (the “HCC Operational Requirements”) are an important part of the Host City Contract, detailing a set of core elements for the project, which provide Olympic quality conditions for the athletes and all participants, while at the same time allowing potential host cities to responsibly match their Games concepts to their own sport, economic, social, and environmental long-term planning needs.

  9. Equilibrium wage-tenure contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Burdett, K.; Coles, Melvin G.

    2003-01-01

    In this study we consider a labor market matching model where firms post wage-tenure contracts and workers, both employed and unemployed, search for new job opportunities. Given workers are risk averse, we establish there is a unique equilibrium in the environment considered. Although firms in the market make different offers in equilibrium, all post a wage-tenure contract that implies a worker's wage increases smoothly with tenure at the firm. As firms make different offers, there is job tur...

  10. Team incentives in relational contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Kvaløy, Ola

    2003-01-01

    Incentive schemes for teams are compared. I ask: under which conditions are relational incentive contracts based on joint performance evaluation, relative performance evaluation and independent performance evaluation self-enforceable. The framework of Che and Yoo (2001) on team incentives is combined with the framework of Baker, Gibbons and Murphy (2002) on relational contracts. In a repeated game between one principal and two agents, I find that incentives based on relative or independent pe...

  11. Deepening Contractions and Collateral Constraints

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik; Ravn, Søren Hove; Santoro, Emiliano

    differential impact that occasionally non-binding constraints exert on the shape of expansions and contractions, we are also able to reconcile a more negatively skewed business cycle with a moderation in its volatility. Finally, our model can account for an intrinsic feature of economic downturns preceded by...... private credit build-ups: Financially driven expansions lead to deeper contractions, as compared to equally-sized non-financial expansions....

  12. FARMERS' PREFERENCES FOR CROP CONTRACTS

    OpenAIRE

    Lajili, Kaouthar; Barry, Peter J.; Sonka, Steven T.; Mahoney, Joseph T.

    1997-01-01

    An empirical approach combining elements of principal-agent theory and transaction cost economics is used to determine farmers'Â’ preferences for contract terms in crop production. The approach is tested by asking grain farmers to rank contract choices and specify price premiums in simulated case situations. The statistical results indicate that farmers'Â’ preferences for rates of cost sharing, price premiums, and financing arrangements are significantly influenced by asset specialization and...

  13. Assessing and Negotiating Commercial Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Jan Vlachý

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the process of evaluating and negotiating commercial contracts using value-based models. First, contractual assets are defined and related to a comprehensive firm-theoretical background. Several simple valuation models for contracts are then derived and applied, using an option-theoretical background and particular case examples. Quantitative criteria are thus introduced, that can be used as a management toolkit to assist in negotiation, as well as for various corporat...

  14. Unfair Contract Terms in European Contract Law : Legal consequences for and beyond Swedish Contract Law

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido Huidobro, Mattias

    2014-01-01

    Recent case law from the ECJ on one of the most important EU contract law legislation has left questions open about the compatibility of Swedish con­tract law with the Unfair Contracts Term Directive. The case law on Article 6 (1) in the directive seem to have changed the view on how to deal with the legal consequence of an unfair term in consumer contracts; namely that unfair terms cannot be adjusted but need to be declared invalid. This essay examines how the effects from the ECJ case law p...

  15. The Challenges of the "Software Support for Industrial Controls" Contract

    CERN Document Server

    Ninin, P

    2000-01-01

    ST division is currently specifying a 'Software Support for Industrial Controls' contract. The application of this contract and its success will require several changes in our habits for specifying, designing, and maintaining control systems. This paper summarizes some key concepts which should be respected in order to obtain maximum benefits from the future contract and to optimize the software activities in the division. The contract concerns the maintenance and development of the monitoring and control systems used for supervising CERN's technical infrastructure (electrical distribution, cooling water, air conditioning, safety, and access control). The systems concerned consist of computer and communication hardware and software, tailored to provide specific functionalities for the remote operation, command, and monitoring of equipment. All these systems use commercially available software and hardware such as SCADA, PLCs and associated drivers, controllers, fieldbuses, and networks. It is intended to cont...

  16. Contracted auxiliary Gaussian basis integral and derivative evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giese, Timothy J; York, Darrin M

    2008-02-14

    The rapid evaluation of two-center Coulomb and overlap integrals between contracted auxiliary solid harmonic Gaussian functions is examined. Integral expressions are derived from the application of Hobson's theorem and Dunlap's product and differentiation rules of the spherical tensor gradient operator. It is shown that inclusion of the primitive normalization constants greatly simplifies the calculation of contracted functions corresponding to a Gaussian multipole expansion of a diffuse charge density. Derivative expressions are presented and it is shown that chain rules are avoided by expressing the derivatives as a linear combination of auxiliary integrals involving no more than five terms. Calculation of integrals and derivatives requires the contraction of a single vector corresponding to the monopolar result and its scalar derivatives. Implementation of the method is discussed and comparison is made with a Cartesian Gaussian-based method. The current method is superior for the evaluation of both integrals and derivatives using either primitive or contracted functions. PMID:18282025

  17. 7 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Model Form of Loan Contract for Electric Distribution Borrowers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Model Form of Loan Contract for Electric Distribution... 1718—Model Form of Loan Contract for Electric Distribution Borrowers LOAN CONTRACT TABLE OF CONTENTS... 1987, and 49 CFR part 24, referenced by 7 CFR part 21, to the extent the Uniform Act is applicable...

  18. Analysis of Developed Country's Export Contract and Contract Risk and Development of Sample Contract and Guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper aimed at developing legal support for the non nuclear power plant industry's export. This study aids establishing government policy and promoting export of non nuclear power plant industry. This paper treated analysis of contractual risk and caution before entering into contract. To promote continuing export result, governmental and legal aids and guide will be required continuously. This study showed risks related with export contract and explained export control acts and procedures

  19. 48 CFR 904.7201 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 904.7201... MATTERS Public Affairs 904.7201 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 952.204-75, Public Affairs, in solicitations and contracts that require the contractor to...

  20. 48 CFR 871.212 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 871.212... Rehabilitation and Employment Service 871.212 Contract clauses. Contracting officers must use the following clauses, as appropriate, in solicitations and contracts for vocational rehabilitation and...

  1. 48 CFR 1339.107 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1339.107... CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 1339.107 Contract clauses. Insert clause 1352.239-70, Software License Addendum, in all contracts when the primary purpose is to purchase new software...

  2. 48 CFR 1443.205 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1443.205 Section 1443.205 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS Change Orders 1443.205 Contract clauses. BPCs may establish procedures,...

  3. 48 CFR 1427.303 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1427.303 Section 1427.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights Under Government Contracts. 1427.303 Contract...

  4. 48 CFR 846.710 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 846.710 Section 846.710 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 846.710 Contract clauses. The contracting officer shall insert the clause...

  5. 8 CFR 233.1 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 233.1 Section 233.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS CONTRACTS WITH TRANSPORTATION LINES § 233.1 Contracts. The contracts with transportation lines referred to in section 233(c) of the Act may...

  6. 32 CFR 644.49 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Contracts. 644.49 Section 644.49 National Defense... Appraisal § 644.49 Contracts. (a) Appraisal reports. (1) Within their contract authority, Division and District Engineers may contract with recognized appraisal firms, corporations and individuals for...

  7. 7 CFR 1215.41 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 1215.41 Section 1215.41 Agriculture..., Consumer Information, and Industry Information § 1215.41 Contracts. The Board shall not contract with any... and approved by the Secretary. Any contract or agreement shall provide that: (a) The contractor...

  8. 7 CFR 1463.109 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 1463.109 Section 1463.109 Agriculture... Payment Program § 1463.109 Contracts. (a) CCC will enter into a contract with eligible tobacco quota holders and producers. To the extent a person has filed such a contract with CCC, but a...

  9. 43 CFR 402.9 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 402.9 Section 402.9 Public... SALE OF LANDS IN FEDERAL RECLAMATION PROJECTS Public Lands § 402.9 Contracts. A contract in form... the United States by the Commissioner. A copy of the contract shall be furnished to the...

  10. 32 CFR 169a.10 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Contracts. 169a.10 Section 169a.10 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES PROGRAM PROCEDURES Procedures § 169a.10 Contracts. When contract cost becomes unreasonable or...

  11. 77 FR 71458 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Expedited Package Contracts 1. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several... additional Global Reseller Expedited Package (GREP) contract (Contracts 1).\\1\\ It seeks to have the...

  12. 48 CFR 53.111 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 53.111... AND FORMS FORMS General 53.111 Contract clause. Contracting officers shall insert the clause at 52.253-1, Computer Generated Forms, in solicitations and contracts that require the contractor to...

  13. 48 CFR 903.971 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 903.971... Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 952.203-70, Whistleblower Protection for Contractor Employees, in contracts that involve work to be done on behalf of DOE directly...

  14. 77 FR 71642 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Expedited Package Services 3 contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses... Expedited Package Services (GEPS) 3 contract (Contract).\\1\\ The Notice was filed in accordance with 39...

  15. 48 CFR 811.404 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 811.404... ACQUISITION PLANNING DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS Delivery or Performance Schedules 811.404 Contract clause. When delivery is required by or on a particular date for f.o.b. destination contracts, the contracting...

  16. 48 CFR 232.7004 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Electronic Submission and Processing of Payment Requests and Receiving Reports 232.7004 Contract clause. Except as provided in 232.7002(a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause....

  17. Termination of Commercial Contracts by giving Notice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edlund, Hans Henrik

    2008-01-01

    Some long-term contracts are brought to an end if one of the parties gives notice. Usually, such a step is not considered a breach of contract. It causes the contract to end in accordance with the contract. When no express rules cover the situation, it is often not entirely clear whether or not t...

  18. 48 CFR 619.812 - Contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract administration... PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Contracting with the Small Business Administration (The 8(a) Program) 619.812 Contract administration. (d) The head of the contracting activity is the agency head for...

  19. 48 CFR 2919.812 - Contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract administration... PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS AND SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS CONCERNS Contracting with the Small Business Administration (The 8(a) Program) 2919.812 Contract administration. (a) Contracting officers, or designees,...

  20. 48 CFR 12.207 - Contract type.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ....203-1). (e) Use of any contract type other than those authorized by this subpart to acquire commercial... ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS Special Requirements for the Acquisition of Commercial Items 12.207 Contract... contracts or fixed-price contracts with economic price adjustment for the acquisition of commercial...

  1. Psychological contracts of hospice nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Audrey Elizabeth; Sambrook, Sally

    2010-12-01

    Psychological contracts have been described as individuals' beliefs regarding the obligations, expectations, and contributions that exist between them and their employer. They can be influenced by the organization's culture and philosophy, through human resources policies, and through the employee's personality and characteristics. Owing to the recent economic crisis, hospices in the UK are currently in a transitional phase and are being expected to demonstrate efficiencies that might be more in line with a business model than a health-care environment. This may conflict with the philosophical views of hospice nurses. To support nurses through this transition, it might be helpful to understand the antecedents of hospice nurses' behaviour and how they construct their psychological contracts. Failure to offer adequate support might lead to negative outcomes such as a desire to leave the organisation, poorer quality work, or disruptive behaviour. This study used a modified grounded theory approach involving in-depth interviews to explore the context and content of the psychological contracts of hospice nurses in the UK. Four main themes emerged: the types of psychological contracts formed, how the contracts are formed, their contents, and the breaches and potential violations the nurses perceive. PMID:21240104

  2. A prototype and feasibility analysis of a computer-based construction contract administration system using Framework II.

    OpenAIRE

    Heinze, April F.

    1987-01-01

    The construction contract administrator generates a large volume of correspondence and documentation which is necessary for proper control and tracking of a project. This "paperwork" is difficult to track manually. The paper reviews the Navy construction contracting organization and procedures and develops a model of the Navy contract administrator's functions. A prototype computer application called the "Contract Administrator's Electronic Notebook" was developed based on the model. ...

  3. Legal assistance contract as a legal constructure

    OpenAIRE

    Кравченко, Максим Віталійович

    2015-01-01

    The article refers to a contract of legal aid and its place in the contract law. The author insists that this agreement should be considered as a work contract, but has to include elements of a service agreements. The current doctrinal concept of «contract of a legal assistance», as well as recommendations on its use are provided. English abstract M. Kravchenko Legal assistance contract as a legal constructure The article refers to a contract of legal aid and its place in the contract law. Th...

  4. IAEA research contracts. Fifth annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume is the fifth annual report and presents full summaries of 26 final reports from contracts, sponsored under the Agency's Research Contract Programme, which were completed during 1964. In addition to the summaries describing more general work in 'Health physics and radiation protection', seven reports are included which describe work done under the Agency's first highly-coordinated programme in which various applications of Ca-47 in the fields of medicine and health physics were explored. In every case the summary of the contractor's final report has been prepared by that member of the Agency's scientific staff who has been most closely connected with the particular branch of research concerned. The scientific data are the responsibility of the contractor, though the Agency is responsible for any additional observations. The reports presented are related to research in the field of radioactive waste management and environmental sciences; health physics and radiation protection; radiobiology; safeguards methods; nuclear reactors physics and nuclear fuels; radioisotope applications in agriculture and medicine

  5. On the use of contraction theory for the design of nonlinear observers for ocean vehicles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jouffroy, Jerome; Lottin, Jacques

    practice. This paper addresses the question of the applicability of contraction theory to the design of UGES observers for ocean vehicles. A relation between the concept of exponential convergence of a contracting system and uniform global exponential stability (UGES) is rst given. Then two contraction......-based GES observers, respectively for unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV) and a class of ships, are constructed, and simulation results are provided....

  6. Outsourcing Contract Success: A Quality Management Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Vanita Yadav; B.A. Metri

    2010-01-01

    Despite the phenomenal growth in outsourcing of various business functions like Enterprise Systems outsourcing, IT outsourcing, and Business Process outsourcing, there has been relatively less attention given to the high-risk area of outsourcing contracts. In this regard, contract has been the conventional medium for governing outsourcing relationships. This study aims to bring forward the importance of quality in the entire contracting process, involving contract planning, pre-contract negot...

  7. A Survey of Formal Languages for Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvitved, Tom

    In this short paper we present the current status on formal languages and models for contracts. By a formal model is meant an unambiguous and rigorous representation of contracts, in order to enable their automatic validation, execution, and analysis — activates that are collectively referred to as...... contract lifecycle management (CLM). We present a set of formalism requirements, which represent features that any ideal contract model should support, based on which we present a comparative survey of existing contract formalisms....

  8. Venture Capital Contracting Under Asymmetric Information

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey Trester

    1993-01-01

    The author develops a model of venture capital contracting in which the entrepreneur and venture capitalist contract under symmetric information. A condition of asymmetric information may arise subsequent to the first contract. The author shows that this condition makes debt contracts infeasible and leads to the use of preferred equity contracts. The author notes that discussions of the relation between venture capital and capital structure are rare. This paper expands the literature by addre...

  9. Knowledge Management in Composition of Construction Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Eva Trinkūnienė; Vaidotas Trinkūnas

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to present a model which will allow knowledge management in construction contracts composition. It was decided to investigate the possibilities to manage knowledge in constructions contracts composition. The complexity of construction process interested parties, construction contract life cycle, multilayer construction contracts modelling possibilities were evaluated. In the following research, model of information system for construction contracts structu...

  10. Classification of SOA Contract Specification Languages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2008-01-01

    There are numerous existing notations and standards in the Web service community. These may be grouped broadly into three competing families, namely; Web Services, Semantic Web, and Electronic Business. Although the families are competing, we expect that applications will cut across them and ther......There are numerous existing notations and standards in the Web service community. These may be grouped broadly into three competing families, namely; Web Services, Semantic Web, and Electronic Business. Although the families are competing, we expect that applications will cut across them...... and there is a need to map from one to another and to analyze compatibility and other properties. Therefore we survey how they deal with different aspects. We then illustrate with examples, the aspects of contracts captured by one language from each of the three competing families in addition to WSDL, the core...

  11. 48 CFR 235.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Defense (Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics) (USD(AT&L)) of an intent not to exercise a fixed-price... USD(AT&L) if the contract is over $25 million and is for: research and development for a non-major...)(ii)(A)(3)(i) of this section. (B) Obtain USD(AT&L) approval of the Government's...

  12. The Contracting Parties' Ability To Conclude The Employment Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Constantina NENU

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study's main objective is to analyze certain effects produced by the changes of the Labor Code and by the entry into force of the current Romanian Civil Code. These effects refer to one of the fundamental conditions for the valid conclusion of the individual employment contract, that is, to the legal capacity of employers and employees. Thus, a complete analysis of legal regulations and of the correlations between different provisions on the legal capacity of parties to the individual employment contract is required to identify the existing noncompliance and to propose solutions. The research demonstrated that the current regulatory framework governing the legal capacity of the parties to an individual employment contract does not entirely correspond to the social reality. Therefore, only the employer benefits from a relatively comprehensive statutory regulation on the legal capacity to conclude an individual employment contract. The employee, however, does not benefit from the same attention from legislature. Considering the above, the study represents a significant scientific contribution, whose value lies in the proposed changes to modify legislature, so that the legal capacity of job holders would benefit from fair regulation, in accordance with the principle of legal protection of employee rights.

  13. Forthcoming indefinite contract review procedure

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2011-01-01

    The vacancy notices for posts opened with a view to the award of an indefinite contract will be published as from the last week of September.  In the meantime, the list of posts to be opened is available at the following address: https://hr-recruit.web.cern.ch/hr-recruit/staff/Autumn_2011_listofslots.pdf Information sessions for candidates are being organised for 26 and 27 September 2011. For more information please consult:  https://hr-recruit.web.cern.ch/hr-recruit/staff/IndefiniteContracts.asp

  14. Debt renegotiation with incomplete contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo de Melo Jorge Neto

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A debt contract usually does not include a provision about renegotiation. The right to seize the borrower’s asset and the rules of this process are usually stipulated in the contract. Such a promise not to renegotiate is not credible since renegotiation can mitigate the dead-weight loss of liquidating insolvent borrowers. Once the initial contract may not consider the renegotiation procedure and renegotiation may occur, this paper investigates why a complete contract is not offered. It shows that the lender does not need to stipulate the renegotiation procedure on the initial contract because he is indifferent about committing or not to the terms of a contract. This indicates that a complete contract gives the lender the same expected return as an incomplete contract, in which the renegotiation process is determined after the occurrence of default.Um contrato de débito geralmente não inclui uma cláusula sobre renegociação. O direito de liquidar os ativos do tomador e as regras do processo são habitualmente estipuladas no contrato. Tal promessa de não renegociar não é crível, já que a renegociação pode mitigar a perda bruta de se liquidar tomadores insolventes. Uma vez que o contrato inicial pode não considerar os procedimentos de renegociação, e esta pode, de fato, vir a ocorrer, este artigo investiga a razão de um contrato completo não ser ofertado. Mostra-se que o emprestador não precisa estipular os procedimentos de renegociação no contrato inicial porque ele é indiferente entre se comprometer ou não aos termos do contrato. Isto indica que um contrato completo dá ao emprestador o mesmo retorno esperado de um contrato incompleto, no qual os procedimentos de renegociação são determinados após a declaração de default.

  15. Team incentives in relational contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Incentive schemes for teams are compared. I ask: under which conditions are relational incentive contracts based on joint performance evaluation, relative performance evaluation and independent performance evaluation self-enforceable. The framework of Che and Yoo (2001) on team incentives is combined with the framework of Baker, Gibbons and Murphy (2002) on relational contracts. In a repeated game between one principal and two agents, I find that incentives based on relative or independent performance are expected to dominate when the productivity of effort is high, while joint performance evaluation dominates when productivity is low. Incentives based on independent performance are more probable if the agents own critical assets. (author)

  16. MANDATORY CLAUSES IN MEDIATION CONTRACTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VERONICA STOICA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The mediation contract – a contract by which conflicting parties agree, in conjunction with a mediator, upon conflict resolve in an amiable manner through the agency of mediation, under due efforts on the mediator’s part, in exchange for payment of a fee by the parties – must contain a set of mandatory clauses in compliance with legal provisions, Article 45 of Law no. 192/2006. In the absence of one of said clauses, sanction by absolute annulment is imposed.

  17. Calculating contracted tensor Feynman integrals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A recently derived approach to the tensor reduction of 5-point one-loop Feynman integrals expresses the tensor coefficients by scalar 1-point to 4-point Feynman integrals completely algebraically. In this Letter we derive extremely compact algebraic expressions for the contractions of the tensor integrals with external momenta. This is based on sums over signed minors weighted with scalar products of the external momenta. With these contractions one can construct the invariant amplitudes of the matrix elements under consideration, and the evaluation of one-loop contributions to massless and massive multi-particle production at high energy colliders like LHC and ILC is expected to be performed very efficiently.

  18. Contracting with free software communities

    OpenAIRE

    Schmitz, Patrice-Emmanuel

    2011-01-01

    Industry and large Agencies needs ¿agile¿ programming resources, to reinforce their own development staff and take advantage of innovative approaches produced by ¿fresh minds¿ all over the world. At the same time they may be reluctant to engage in classical software development call for tenders and contracts. Such contracts are often ¿trusted¿ by large ICT firms, which will deliver according to their own rigid frameworks (often based on alliances with proprietary software vendors), may propos...

  19. Legal Attributes and Legal Applicability of Social Work Service Contract by Government’s Purchasing%政府购买社会工作服务合同的法律属性及法律适用探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈太红

    2015-01-01

    The administrative behavior of the government,as the buyer,to purchase social work and serv-ice from the seller with fiscal funds by the means of marketization and contracting is a form of administrative contracting.Such administrative contracts are characterized in desirability,mutual responsibility and non -au-thority,rendering the execution,performance,change,suspension or termination thereof to be pursuant to the Government Procurement Law (GPL),or to the Contract Law if no provision in the former is available.The execution of an administrative contract shall respect the party autonomy in civil law,while any party shall per-form the contract in person and waive the defense right of simultaneous performance.Besides,the buyer is em-powered to guide,supervise and control the performance.An administrative contract shall not be changed, suspended or terminated unless the continuing performance results in changes harmful to national or social pub-lic benefits,provided however that the affected party of force majeure terminates the contract for the contract purpose is achieved by no means.After all,whether the principle of changes applies shall be approved by the buyer in advance.%政府作为购买主体利用财政资金,采取市场化、契约化方式向购买对象购买社会工作服务,该行政行为属于行政合同。这种行政合同具有合意性、双务性和非权力性特征,由此决定了政府购买社会工作服务合同的缔结、履行、变更、中止或终止应适用《政府采购法》,在《政府采购法》没有相应规定时应适用《合同法》的有关规定。当事人缔结合同,民法中的意思自治原则应受限制;当事人履行合同,须本人履行,并不得行使同时履行抗辩权,同时购买主体享有指导、监督管理权;当事人变更、中止或终止合同,必须是出现继续履行将损害国家利益和社会公共利益的情形,但遭遇不可抗力的当事人在

  20. 48 CFR 16.602 - Labor-hour contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... labor-hour contracts. See 12.207(b) for the use of labor-hour contracts for certain commercial services. ... METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Time-and-Materials, Labor-Hour, and Letter Contracts...

  1. 48 CFR 822.406-11 - Contract terminations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CFR 5.7(d) over the signature of the SPE. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract terminations. 822... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS Labor Standards for...

  2. 48 CFR 30.201-4 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... part 9905 (FAR appendix), to disclose actual cost accounting practices as required by 48 CFR 9903.202-1... cost accounting practices (applicable to CAS-covered contracts only), and to follow disclosed and established cost accounting practices consistently. (b) Disclosure and consistency of cost...

  3. 48 CFR 9903.201-4 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., to disclose actual cost accounting practices (applicable to CAS-covered contracts only), and to follow disclosed and established cost accounting practices consistently. Cost Accounting Standards (JUN... accounting practices as required by 9903.202-1 through 9903.202-5 including methods of distinguishing...

  4. SSC Test Operations Contract Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleim, Kerry D.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Test Operations Contract at the Stennis Space Center (SSC). There are views of the test stands layouts, and closer views of the test stands. There are descriptions of the test stand capabilities, some of the other test complexes, the Cryogenic propellant storage facility, the High Pressure Industrial Water (HPIW) facility, and Fluid Component Processing Facility (FCPF).

  5. Analyzing Valuation Practices through Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tesnière, Germain; Labatut, Julie; Boxenbaum, Eva

    This paper seeks to analyze the most recent changes in how societies value animals. We analyze this topic through the prism of contracts between breeding companies and farmers. Focusing on new valuation practices and qualification of breeding animals, we question the evaluation of difficult...

  6. Hybrid contractions with implicit relations

    OpenAIRE

    U. C. Gairola; R. Krishan

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we prove the existence of fixed points for two set-valued mappings and two single-valued mappings satisfying generalized contractive conditions by using the concept of weakly compatible mappings with control functions and implicit relations in complete metric spaces. Our results extend and generalize the corresponding result in Mehta and Joshi [21].

  7. Hybrid contractions with implicit relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. C. Gairola

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we prove the existence of fixed points for two set-valued mappings and two single-valued mappings satisfying generalized contractive conditions by using the concept of weakly compatible mappings with control functions and implicit relations in complete metric spaces. Our results extend and generalize the corresponding result in Mehta and Joshi [21].

  8. AGILE DRAFTING OF OUTSOURCING CONTRACTS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlichter, Bjarne Rerup; Storgaard, Kristian

    2015-01-01

    several parallel tracks using different competencies. By the use of an illustrative case-study, this paper explores how scrum can be applied to enhance the process of drafting outsourcing contracts. The analysis indicates that the use of an agile method, such as Scrum, can be beneficial in this context...

  9. Lorentz contraction and accelerated systems

    OpenAIRE

    Tartaglia, Angelo; Ruggiero, Matteo Luca

    2003-01-01

    The paper discusses the problem of the Lorentz contraction in accelerated systems, in the context of the special theory of relativity. Equal proper accelerations along different world lines are considered, showing the differences arising when the world lines correspond to physically connected or disconnected objects. In all cases the special theory of relativity proves to be completely self-consistent

  10. Lorentz contraction and accelerated systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper discusses the problem of the Lorentz contraction in accelerated systems, in the context of the special theory of relativity. Equal proper accelerations along different world lines are considered, showing the differences arising when the world lines correspond to physically connected or disconnected objects. In all cases the special theory of relativity proves to be completely self-consistent

  11. Jazzing up the Psychological Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartley, Nell Tabor

    2010-01-01

    Helping students and practitioners to understand and utilize the Psychological Contract is often a difficult task. Unlike fault-finding research, this paper presents the PC as a positive, vibrant and valuable tool. In an effort to make the concept less elusive, the paper draws upon the metaphor of jazz. The metaphor is an accepted tool of…

  12. There's Gold in Those Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Russell

    2009-01-01

    In 2006, when the author joined the staff at Dominican College (New York), he discovered that the network, computers, and IT contracts were in sorry shape. He also found that this kind of condition is common in small colleges. Such a state of affairs is usually brought about by the unrelenting demands placed on small IT staffs. IT staffers at…

  13. 安全心理学在工程总承包企业安全管理中的应用探索%Application of Safety Psychology in Engineering General Contracting Enterprise Safety Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁策凤; 姬宗锋; 夏兵

    2015-01-01

    从安全心理学角度,系统分析工程总承包企业安全管理现状,肯定了工程总承包企业在安全管理工作中取得的成绩,也指出了安全管理中存在的主要问题。最后将安全心理学与工程总承包企业生产实际系统结合,阐述如何从构建员工安全心理分析系统、合理划分责权利、完善安全培训模式、优化工作条件和环境4个方面入手来提升工程总承包企业的安全管理水平。%From the perspective of safety psychology ,in this paper the current safety management situation of general con-tracting enterprises is systematically analyzed ,achievements of general contracting enterprises in safety management have been recognized ,and the main problems existed in safety management have also been pointed out .Safety psychology is com-bined with the actual production situation of general contracting enterprises to elaborate how to enhance the level of safety management of general contracting enterprises through building up the system of staff safety psychology analysis ,reasonable allocation of responsibility and rights ,improvement of safety training mode and optimization of working conditions and envi-ronment .

  14. Contract portfolio optimization for a gasoline supply chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shanshan

    this model, we characterize a simple and easily implementable dynamic contract portfolio policy that would enable the company to dynamically rebalance its supply contract portfolio over time in anticipation of the future market conditions in each individual channel while satisfying the contractual obligations. The optimal policy is a state-dependent base-share contract portfolio policy characterized by a branded base-share level and an unbranded contract commitment combination, given as a function of the initial information state. Using real-world market data, we estimate the model parameters. We also apply an efficient modified policy iteration method to compute the optimal contract portfolio strategies and corresponding profit value. We present computational results in order to obtain insights into the structure of optimal policies, capture the value of the dynamic contract portfolio policy by comparing it with static policies, and illustrate the sensitivity of the optimal contract portfolio and corresponding profit value in terms of the different parameters. Considering the geographic dispersion of different market areas and the pipeline network together with the dynamic contract portfolio optimization problem, we formulate a forward-looking operational model, which could be used by gasoline suppliers for lower-level planning. Finally, we discuss the generalization of the framework to other problems and applications, as well as further research.

  15. 29 CFR 4.6 - Labor standards clauses for Federal service contracts exceeding $2,500.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... increases, to service employees engaged in work on the contract, and a copy of the collective bargaining... provided in § 4.11 of 29 CFR part 4, that the collective bargaining agreement applicable to service... to be employed under the contract (i.e., the work to be performed is not performed by...

  16. 26 CFR 1.72-16 - Life insurance contracts purchased under qualified employee plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... income, an endowment, or other contract providing life insurance protection. The rules of this section.... (b) Treatment of cost of life insurance protection. (1) The rules of this paragraph are applicable to..., the cost of the life insurance protection under such contract shall be included in the gross income...

  17. 78 FR 34975 - Notice of Contract Proposals (NOCP) for the Advanced Biofuels Payment Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... Rural Business-Cooperative Service Notice of Contract Proposals (NOCP) for the Advanced Biofuels Payment Program AGENCY: Rural Business-Cooperative Service, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This Notice of Contract Proposals announces the acceptance of applications and...

  18. 48 CFR 16.306 - Cost-plus-fixed-fee contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-plus-fixed-fee contracts. 16.306 Section 16.306 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... to control costs. (b) Application. (1) A cost-plus-fixed-fee contract is suitable for use when...

  19. 24 CFR 236.755 - Housing owner's obligation under contract to report tenant income increase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... income resulting in the tenant's ability to pay the approved basic monthly rental (plus, where applicable... contract to report tenant income increase. 236.755 Section 236.755 Housing and Urban Development... report tenant income increase. The rental assistance contract shall contain a provision obligating...

  20. 75 FR 16452 - Nasdaq OMX Commodities Clearing-Contract Merchant, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Nasdaq OMX Commodities Clearing--Contract Merchant, LLC; Supplemental Notice... Clearing--Contract Merchant, LLC's application for market-based rate authority, with an accompanying...

  1. Persistence and nominal inertia in a generalized Taylor economy: how longer contracts dominate shorter contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Dixon, HUW; Kara, Engin

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we develop the Generalized Taylor Economy (GTE) in which there are many sectors with overlapping contracts of different lengths. In economies with the same average contract length, monetary shocks will be more persistent when longer contracts are present. We are able to solve the puzzle of why Calvo contracts appear to be more persistent than simple Taylor contracts: it arises because of the distribution of contract lengths. When we choose a GTE with the same distribution of com...

  2. The text of the agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with a contract concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reactor Brennelement Union GmbH Hanau (Federal Republic of Germany) for co-operation in the field of fabrication of fuel elements for peaceful nuclear activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agreement between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards came into force on 4 March 1994. As a result of the coming into force of the aforesaid Agreement for Argentina, the application of safeguards under the Agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the IAEA for the application of safeguards in connection with a contract concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reactor Brennelement Union GmbH Hanau (Federal Republic of Germany) for co-operation in the field of fabrication of fuel elements for peaceful nuclear activities has been suspended

  3. Directed Search for Equilibrium Wage-Tenure Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Shouyong Shi

    2006-01-01

    I analyze the equilibrium in a labor market where firms offer wage-tenure contracts to direct the search of employed and unemployed workers. Each applicant observes all offers and there is no coordination among individuals. Workers' applications (as well as firms' recruiting decisions) are optimal. This optimality requires the equilibrium to be formulated differently from the that in the literature of undirected search. I provide such a formulation and show that the equilibrium exists. In the...

  4. The Text of the Agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with a Contract Concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reaktor Brennelement Union Gmbh Hanau (Federal Republic of Germany) for Co-Operation in the Field of Fabrication of Fuel Elements for Peaceful Nuclear Activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Contract of 13 August 1976 concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reaktor Brennelement Union GmbH (Federal Republic of Germany) for co-operation in the field of fabrication of fuel elements for peaceful nuclear activities is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Agreement entered into force, pursuant to Section 26, on 22 July 1977.

  5. Forced Employment Contract Change and the Psychological Contract

    OpenAIRE

    Saunders, M; Thornhill, A.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: To explore the implications for all employees’ psychological contracts of a forced change from permanent to temporary employment status for some employees within an organisation. Methodology/Approach: A random sample of 30 employees, stratified by employment status was selected. Each employee undertook a structured card sort of possible emotional responses to change followed by an in-depth interview to explore and explain their categorisation of these responses. Findings: Th...

  6. Iterative Contracts as Proactive Law Instruments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, René Franz

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to analyse the use of proactive law in contracts illustrated by the use of a particular type of contract within the IT industry, the so-called iterative contract. This type of contract has its root in a special software development process called iterative and incre...... the potential to create more business success. However, empirical research still needs to be done in order to confirm that these types of contracts are better at securing business success than traditional contract forms.......The purpose of this article is to analyse the use of proactive law in contracts illustrated by the use of a particular type of contract within the IT industry, the so-called iterative contract. This type of contract has its root in a special software development process called iterative and...... software development process has driven the need for a new contract design that supports the product life cycle better than the traditional contracts. As will be shown in the analysis, the iterative contracts represent important legal innovation and can be categorized as a proactive law instrument that has...

  7. Criteria on Contractions for Entropic Discontinuities of Systems of Conservation Laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Moon-Jin; Vasseur, Alexis F.

    2016-04-01

    We study the contraction properties (up to shift) for admissible Rankine-Hugoniot discontinuities of {n× n} systems of conservation laws endowed with a convex entropy. We first generalize the criterion developed in (Serre and Vasseur, J l'Ecole Polytech 1, 2014), using the spatially inhomogeneous pseudo-distance introduced in (Vasseur, Contemp Math AMS, 2013). Our generalized criterion guarantees the contraction property for extremal shocks of a large class of systems, including the Euler system. Moreover, we introduce necessary conditions for contraction, specifically targeted for intermediate shocks. As an application, we show that intermediate shocks of the two-dimensional isentropic magnetohydrodynamics do not verify any of our contraction properties. We also investigate the contraction properties, for contact discontinuities of the Euler system, for a certain range of contraction weights. None of the results involve any smallness condition on the initial perturbation or on the size of the shock.

  8. A Contract Based System For Large Data Visualization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Childs, H R; Brugger, E S; Bonnell, K S; Meredith, J S; Miller, M C; Whitlock, B J; Max, N L

    2005-04-12

    VisIt is a richly featured visualization tool that is used to visualize some of the largest simulations ever run. The scale of these simulations requires that optimizations are incorporated into every operation VisIt performs. But the set of applicable optimizations that VisIt can perform is dependent on the types of operations being done. Complicating the issue, VisIt has a plugin capability that allows new, unforeseen components to be added, making it even harder to determine which optimizations can be applied. We introduce the concept of a contract to the standard data flow network design. This contract enables each component of the data flow network to modify the set of optimizations used. In addition, the contract allows for new components to be accommodated gracefully within VisIt's data flow network system.

  9. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  10. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  11. 48 CFR 15.408 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contract line item prices and the total contract price. You must attach cost-element breakdowns for each... and contract clauses. 15.408 Section 15.408 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing...

  12. 78 FR 70600 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... performance reporting requirements for all contracts that fall within the parameters of the Inbound...

  13. Contract & agency labour: beyond self-regulation?

    OpenAIRE

    Cotton, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    A paper about the regulation of contract labour. Academic and legal aspects as well as case studies of global union federation work to organise and regulate contract labour in Thailand, Pakistan, Colombia, South Korea and at international level.

  14. 48 CFR 4.303 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MATTERS Paper Documents 4.303 Contract clause. Insert the clause at 52.204-4, Printed or Copied Double-Sided on Recycled Paper, in solicitations and contracts that exceed the simplified acquisition threshold....

  15. 77 FR 26583 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The Commission is... Package contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related... electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel, at...

  16. Senior Administrators Should Have Administrative Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posner, Gary J.

    1987-01-01

    Recognizing that termination is viewed by the employee as the equivalent to capital punishment of a career, an administrative contract can reduce the emotional and financial entanglements that often result. Administrative contracts are described. (MLW)

  17. The Translation of the International Trade Contracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhangYi

    2012-01-01

      With thedevelopment ofour foreigntrade, Chinesebusinessmen have morechances tocooperate withforeign businessmen. Internationaltrade contractscan protectthe benefitoftwo parties.Businessmen couldknowtheirrightsand dutiesclearly accordingto the international trade contracts. Thus the study of international trade contracts translation is ofgreat significance.

  18. Dynamic contracting mechanism for pavement maintenance management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demirel, H.C.; De Ridder, H.A.J.

    2013-01-01

    Technological advances, financial possibilities and changes of demands have increasingly affected the pavement maintenance environment for outsourcing in recent years. This induces complexity in the contracting methods of pavement maintenance activities. Despite the fact that current contracting pra

  19. 48 CFR 3019.708 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 3019.708... ACQUISITION REGULATION (HSAR) SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS The Small Business Subcontracting Program 3019.708 Contract clauses....

  20. 78 FR 54687 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... a Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing seeking to include a new International Business Reply Service...

  1. 48 CFR 2432.908 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... commercial services awarded pursuant to FAR part 12. (2) The Contracting Officer shall insert a clause...-reimbursement type solicitations and contracts when vouchers are to be sent directly to the paying office....

  2. Energy service contracting in DOD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) annually consumes about $3 Billion in energy to operate facilities at military installations worldwide, representing about 80% of utility operating expense for all Federal facilities. Recent legislation and a Presidential Executive Order have directed DOD by Fiscal Year 2000 to reduce facility energy consumption by 20%, from the level of energy used in Fiscal Year 1985. To achieve this goal it is estimated that energy efficiency improvement investments between $2-3 billion would be required. Considering the competition for resources within DOD as it experiences downsizing and restructuring, DOD will need to seek opportunities to tap alternative investment strategies through energy service contracting to leverage Federal resources. Shared Energy Savings and Operations and Maintenance Energy Services contracting activities in the Department of the Navy will be used to address how such acquisition methods can contribute to achieving DOD energy efficiency goals

  3. New transport and handling contract

    CERN Multimedia

    SC Department

    2008-01-01

    A new transport and handling contract entered into force on 1.10.2008. As with the previous contract, the user interface is the internal transport/handling request form on EDH: https://edh.cern.ch/Document/TransportRequest/ To ensure that you receive the best possible service, we invite you to complete the various fields as accurately as possible and to include a mobile telephone number on which we can reach you. You can follow the progress of your request (schedule, completion) in the EDH request routing information. We remind you that the following deadlines apply: 48 hours for the transport of heavy goods (up to 8 tonnes) or simple handling operations 5 working days for crane operations, transport of extra-heavy goods, complex handling operations and combined transport and handling operations in the tunnel. For all enquiries, the number to contact remains unchanged: 72202. Heavy Handling Section TS-HE-HH 72672 - 160319

  4. The NYMEX electricity futures contract

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palmer-Huggins, D. [New York Mercantile Exchange, Houston, TX (United States)

    1998-07-01

    Members of the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) include bankers, industry (such as refiners, producers, and electricity marketers) brokerage houses, and individuals. NYMEX is the largest physical commodity futures exchange in the world. The primary economic role of the commodity exchange industry was discussed, with special emphasis on open interest, volume, and liquidity. Hedge dynamics were also reviewed. A hedge was described as a financial instrument used to lock in prices, costs, and profit margins. Futures contracts in general, and electricity futures contracts in particular were defined (`a firm commitment to deliver or to receive a specified quantity or grade of commodity at a specific location within a designated month`). Results expected from hedging, - cost control, predictable margins, securing a certain market share, price stabilization - , the nature of options trading, and its benefits were also reviewed. 1 tab., 4 figs.

  5. 圖書館中文圖書採購與共同供應契約之探析 The Application of Inter-entity Supply Contract in the Chinese Book Procurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuo-Chi Min

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available 國內中文圖書之採購由民國92年11月起增加由中央信託局承辦之共同供應契約採購方式,推行之初引起諸多爭議。為實際瞭解圖書館之使用意見及圖書資訊業界 之看法,本文經由電話訪談方式進行調查包括國立大學圖書館、公共圖書館、參加共同供應契約廠商、非共同供應契約廠商等各界意見,歸納分析後對中央信託局、 公共工程委員會、中國圖書館學會、圖書出版業廠商、圖書採購同道分別提出建議。A new Chinese book government procurement model, Inter-entity Supply Contract, was launched in November 2003. This model is charged by Central Trust of China. The model is disputable during the first year. This study used telephone interview to gain the opinions of national universities, public libraries, contract vendors and non-contract vendors. Several suggestions are provided to Central Trust of China, Public Construction Commission, Library Association of R. O. C., publishers, vendors and acquisitions librarians.

  6. Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... report card Careers Archives Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Body & lifestyle changes Is it safe? ... Last reviewed: December, 2013 Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Body & lifestyle changes Is it safe? ...

  7. Strategic Inventories in Vertical Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Krishnan Anand; Ravi Anupindi; Yehuda Bassok

    2008-01-01

    Classical reasons for carrying inventory include fixed (nonlinear) production or procurement costs, lead times, nonstationary or uncertain supply/demand, and capacity constraints. The last decade has seen active research in supply chain coordination focusing on the role of incentive contracts to achieve first-best levels of inventory. An extensive literature in industrial organization that studies incentives for vertical controls largely ignores the effect of inventories. Does the ability to ...

  8. Forthcoming indefinite contract review procedure

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    The vacancy notices for posts opened with a view to the award of an indefinite contract will be published as from the first week of July 2012.   In the meantime, the list of posts to be opened will soon be available at the following address: https://hr-recruit.web.cern.ch/hr-recruit/staff/ListOfPosts-Autumn2012.pdf For more information please consult this page.

  9. Managing Conflicts in Relational Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Jin Li; Niko Matouschek

    2013-01-01

    A manager and a worker are in an infinitely repeated relationship in which the manager privately observes her opportunity costs of paying the worker. We show that the optimal relational contract generates periodic conflicts during which effort and expected profits decline gradually but recover instantaneously. To manage a conflict, the manager uses a combination of informal promises and formal commitments that evolves with the duration of the conflict. Finally, we show that liquidity constrai...

  10. Marine Corps contingency contracting MCI

    OpenAIRE

    Kehr, Jonathan R.; Burger, Kenneth; Wobensmith, Brian

    2003-01-01

    MBA Professional Report Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Includes supplementary material Contingency contracting is the process where vital supplies and services needed to maintain deployed forces are obtained on behalf of the United States Government. These actions are used for emergencies, such as, disaster relief from hurricanes or from terrorist activities that occur within the United States or for actions that occur outside of the United States in order to...

  11. Information, Contracting, and Quality Costs

    OpenAIRE

    Stanley Baiman; Paul E. Fischer; Rajan, Madhav V.

    2000-01-01

    This article analyzes the relation between product quality, the cost of quality, and the information that can be contracted upon. We consider a setting where a risk neutral supplier sells an intermediate product to a risk neutral buyer. The supplier incurs prevention costs to reduce the probability of selling a defective product, and the buyer incurs appraisal costs to identify defects. Both decisions are subject to moral hazard. We show that the first-best outcome can be obtained if either: ...

  12. Contracts Between Art and Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Caves, Richard E.

    2003-01-01

    Contract structures used in the arts and entertainment industries are central to understanding their economic organization. The structures spring from common bedrock traits of these industries--pervasive product differentiation, all costs sunk, consumers' valuations unpredictable, artists having tastes for how creative work is done. Joint-venture structures are common, with revenue (not profit) shared. Advances to artists help bring incentive and distributive goals into consistency, as do lon...

  13. Contract Signature Using Quantum Information

    CERN Document Server

    De Sousa, P B M; Ramos, Rubens Viana; Sousa, Paulo Benicio Melo de

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes how to perform contract signature in a fair way using quantum information. The protocol proposed permits two partners, users of a communication network, to exchange their signatures with non-repudiation. For this, we assume that there is a trustable arbitrator, responsible for the authentication of the signers and that performs a central task in a quantum teleportation protocol of the XOR function between two classical bits.

  14. Optimal Contracting under Adverse Selection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lenells, Jonatan; Stea, Diego; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2015-01-01

    We study a model of adverse selection, hard and soft information, and mentalizing ability--the human capacity to represent others' intentions, knowledge, and beliefs. By allowing for a continuous range of different information types, as well as for different means of acquiring information, we...... that information. This strategy affects the properties of the optimal contract, which grows closer to the first best. This research provides insights into the implications of mentalizing for agency theory....

  15. Overtime Working and Contract Efficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Robert A Hart; Ma, Yue

    2013-01-01

    We present a wage-hours contract designed to minimize costly job turnover given investments in on the job training combined with firm and worker information asymmetries. It may be optimal for the parties to work 'long hours' remunerated at premium rates for guaranteed overtime hours. Based on British plant and machine operatives, we test three predictions. First, trained workers with longer job tenure are more likely to work overtime. Second, hourly overtime pay exceeds the value of marginal ...

  16. CONTRACT MANUFACTURING IN LATE INDUSTRIALIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    AN-CHI TUNG; HENRY WAN

    2012-01-01

    Contract manufacturing is the catalyst shaping the world economy under globalization. Affirming the dominance of the open network in organizing worldwide value chains, it transformed Japan and US into trade partners rather than rivals. It allows firms like Apple, Nokia and Sony to outsource production tasks to People's Republic of China, which serves as the world's workplace, and provides a niche for Singapore and Taiwan in late industrialization. Tapping into the economy of scope from the po...

  17. Competitive Options, Supply Contracting, and Electronic Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, D. J.; Paul R. Kleindorfer

    2005-01-01

    This paper develops a framework for analyzing business-to-business (B2B) transactions and supply chain management based on integrating contract procurement markets with spot markets using capacity options and forwards. The framework is motivated by the emergence of B2B exchanges in several industrial sectors to facilitate such integrated contract and spot procurement. In the framework developed, a buyer and multiple sellers may either contract for delivery in advance (the "contracting" option...

  18. The Diction of International Business Contracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭嘉

    2008-01-01

    Generally speaking, the diction of international business contracts is formal and standard. The international business contracts have attributes of legal clauses and stipulate both parties' authorities and duties and other interrelated things. So as to both parties, the international business contracts have legal binding force. Therefore, the diction of international business contracts possesses characteristics of specialization,singleness and steadiness of legal terns or wording.

  19. Vote-share Contracts and Democracy

    OpenAIRE

    Gersbach, Hans

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we introduce vote-share contracts. Such contracts contain a vote-share threshold that incumbents must reach in order to be reelected. In a simple model, we illustrate the working of vote-share contracts. Such vote-share contracts curb socially detrimental incumbency advantages by improving the average ability level of re-elected politicians and also increase effort. We show that the socially optimal vote-share threshold for incumbents is larger than one half. Competing candidate...

  20. Baby Corn Business under Contract Farming System.

    OpenAIRE

    Pornpimol Tongthammachat; Visit Limsombunchai

    2008-01-01

    This study compares costs and returns between contract and non-contract farmers on baby corn production and to compares a company’s procurement costs through contract versus non-contract (open market) channels. A survey of 60 farmers in Kanchanaburi and Nakornpathom was conduced for the data of crop year 2005/2006 using questionnaires. The results indicated that the socio-economic situations, problems, and obstacles of both groups were not different. The comparisons of costs and returns betwe...

  1. Contract Farming in China: Perspectives of Smallholders

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Hongdong; Jolly, Robert W.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the current status of contract farming in China by examining data from a survey of Chinese householders. The survey indicates that the actual proportion of householders engaged in contract farming is relatively low and significantly less than the proportion of householders willing to produce under contract. The primary reason for householders not participating in contract farming is the absence of opportunities, particularly for small size farms. Householders identify pric...

  2. Rousseau’s social contract theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄婧维

    2014-01-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau is one of the greatest philosophers in Enlightenment.His thoughts have a great effect on the European society.In this article,the author focuses on one of his ideas---social contract theory.At first,author introduces the details of social contract,and then sovereignty of the people and its relationship with social contract theory wil be presented, finaly,the author wil express her idea about social contract.

  3. Contracting strategy based on Markov Process modeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, S.; Durfee, E.H. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1996-12-31

    One of the fundamental activities in multiagent systems is the exchange of tasks among agents. In particular, we are interested in contracts among self-interested agents, where a contractor desires to find a contractee that will perform the task for the lowest payment, and a contractee wants to perform tasks that maximize its profit (payment received less the cost of doing the task). Multiple, concurrent contracts take place such that a contract may be retracted because of other contracts.

  4. Swiss Contracting: Forum for energy services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swiss Contracting organisation is presented. The aims of the organisation - the promotion of contracting solutions for energy supply and energy saving installations - are described and the chances and risks in connection with the opening of the electricity market considered. The necessity for increased information and training both for customers and the heating installation trade is emphasised and the services provided by Swiss Contracting are described. Switzerland's potential for the contracting of energy services is discussed

  5. Agricultural Cooperatives and Contract Price Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Katchova, Ani L.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the price competitiveness of marketing and production contracts depending on whether contracts are with cooperatives or investorowned firms. A propensity score matching method is used to compare prices using contract data from a national farm-level survey. The results show that prices of agricultural contracts with cooperatives are not significantly different from those with investor-owned firms, which indicates that cooperatives are adhering to recommended business practi...

  6. Costs and beneftis of temporary contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Engellandt, Axel

    2005-01-01

    Applying data from 13 waves of the Swiss Labor Force Survey (1991-2003) I assess costs and benefits of fixed-term contracts. First, I analyze the existence of a contract related wage gap and the effort response of temporary employees in terms of unpaid overtime hours. Second, I investigate whether workers' absence response to temporary contracts varies across types of absences. And third, I examine the impact of temporary contracts on accident rates. I find that temporary employees suffer a w...

  7. Analysis of international oil and gas contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purposes of this paper are to describe the main types of international petroleum contracts, to give the reader methods for comparing contract qualities and analyzing the profitability of petroleum field models under basic contract terms, to describe methods for assessing tradeoffs between various terms of a contract, to describe briefly U.S. Taxation of international petroleum extraction income, and to discuss certain special considerations that apply to the international arena

  8. Rindler/Contracted-CFT Correspondence

    CERN Document Server

    Fareghbal, Reza

    2014-01-01

    Taking flat-space limit (zero cosmological constant limit) of the Rindler-AdS spacetime results in the Rindler metric. According to the proposal of Flat/contracted-CFT correspondence, flat-space limit in the bulk side of asymptotically AdS spacetimes corresponds to the contraction of boundary conformal field theory. We use this proposal for the Rindler-AdS/CFT correspondence and propose a dual theory for the Rindler spacetime which is a contracted conformal field theory(CCFT. We show that the two dimensional CCFT symmetries exactly predict the same two-point functions which one may find by taking the flat-space limit of three dimensional Rindler-AdS holographic results. Using the Flat/CCFT proposal, we also calculate the three dimensional Rindler energy-momentum tensor. Since the near horizon geometry of non-extreme black holes has a Rindler part, it would be plausible to find a dual CCFT at the horizon of non-extreme black holes. Specifically, we find the correct mass of non-rotating BTZ by using our energy-...

  9. 43 CFR 12.947 - Contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract administration. 12.947 Section 12.947 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior ADMINISTRATIVE AND AUDIT... Requirements § 12.947 Contract administration. A system for contract administration shall be maintained...

  10. 36 CFR 1210.47 - Contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Contract administration. 1210.47 Section 1210.47 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION... § 1210.47 Contract administration. A system for contract administration shall be maintained to...

  11. 48 CFR 1346.710 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1346.710 Section 1346.710 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 1346.710 Contract clauses. The warranty clauses and alternates under FAR Subpart...

  12. 48 CFR 1336.609 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1336.609 Section 1336.609 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1336.609...

  13. 42 CFR 423.641 - Contract determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract determinations. 423.641 Section 423.641... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Medicare Contract Determinations and Appeals § 423.641 Contract determinations. This subpart establishes the procedures for...

  14. 48 CFR 1333.215 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1333.215 Section 1333.215 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PROTESTS, DISPUTES, AND APPEALS Disputes and Appeals 1333.215 Contract clauses. Alternate I of...

  15. 48 CFR 923.103 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 923.103... Contract clauses. Insert the clause at 952.223-78, Sustainable Acquisition Program, or its Alternate I, in all contracts under which the contractor operates Government-owned facilities or...

  16. 48 CFR 1433.215 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1433.215 Section 1433.215 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PROTESTS, DISPUTES, AND APPEALS Disputes and Appeals 1433.215 Contract clauses. The...

  17. 48 CFR 1345.107 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1345.107 Section 1345.107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 1345.107 Contract clauses....

  18. 42 CFR 422.641 - Contract determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract determinations. 422.641 Section 422.641... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Medicare Contract Determinations and Appeals § 422.641 Contract determinations. This subpart establishes the procedures for making and reviewing...

  19. 78 FR 3478 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 2C contract. This... announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 2C contract (Agreement).\\1\\ The Postal...

  20. 7 CFR 1250.507 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 1250.507 Section 1250.507 Agriculture... Regulations General § 1250.507 Contracts. The Egg Board, with the approval of the Secretary, may enter into contracts with persons for the development and submission to it of plans or projects authorized by the...

  1. 42 CFR 38.4 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 38.4 Section 38.4 Public Health PUBLIC... FOR CRISIS COUNSELING AND TRAINING § 38.4 Contracts. (a) Eligibility. Public agencies and private... result of a major disaster are eligible for the award of a contract under this part. (b) Use of...

  2. 32 CFR 21.625 - Contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Contract. 21.625 Section 21.625 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS DoD GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS-GENERAL MATTERS Definitions § 21.625 Contract. See the definition for procurement contract in...

  3. 78 FR 3476 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 1C contract. This... announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 1C contract (Agreement).\\1\\ The Postal...

  4. 25 CFR 135.1 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Contracts. 135.1 Section 135.1 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN... PROJECT Charges Assessed Against Irrigation District Lands § 135.1 Contracts. Under provisions of the act of Congress approved June 28, 1946 (60 Stat. 333-338), contracts were executed June 28, 1951, by...

  5. 7 CFR 1210.504 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 1210.504 Section 1210.504 Agriculture... PLAN Rules and Regulations General § 1210.504 Contracts. The Board, with the approval of the Secretary, may enter into contracts or make agreements with persons for the development and submission to it...

  6. 78 FR 3922 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-17

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 1C contract. This... notice announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 1C contract (Agreement).\\1\\...

  7. 78 FR 3477 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 2C contract. This... notice announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 2C contract (Agreement).\\1\\...

  8. 42 CFR 93.204 - Contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MISCONDUCT Definitions § 93.204 Contract. Contract means an acquisition instrument awarded under the HHS Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), 48 CFR Chapter 1, excluding any small purchases awarded pursuant to... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract. 93.204 Section 93.204 Public...

  9. 29 CFR 96.62 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... to 41 CFR part 29-60 and 48 CFR part 2933 or pursue such other remedies as may be available under the... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Contracts. 96.62 Section 96.62 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor AUDIT REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS, CONTRACTS, AND OTHER AGREEMENTS Appeals § 96.62 Contracts....

  10. 78 FR 4906 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 1C contract. This... notice announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 1C contract (Agreement).\\1\\...

  11. 77 FR 65912 - Priority Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-31

    ... Priority Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an amendment to Priority Mail Contract 19. This notice... existing Priority Mail Contract 19 subject to this docket.\\1\\ The Postal Service includes one attachment...

  12. 78 FR 48728 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... obligation to provide its contracting partner, on a periodic basis, with a list of countries to which... an Additional Global Plus 1C Contract, January 11, 2013. IV. Ordering Paragraphs It is ordered:...

  13. 48 CFR 923.903 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 923.903... Environmental Management Systems § 923.903 Contract clause. The FAR Environmental Management Systems clause at 52.223-XX should be used in contracts where the contractor operates a DOE site or portion...

  14. 48 CFR 1404.802 - Contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 1404.802 Section 1404.802 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 1404.802 Contract files. In addition to the requirements in FAR 4.802, files...

  15. 77 FR 75200 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related procedural... (GEPS) 3 contract (Agreement).\\1\\ The Notice was filed in accordance with 39 CFR 3015.5. Notice at...

  16. 77 FR 75452 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related procedural... (GEPS) 3 contract (Agreement).\\1\\ The Postal Service seeks to have the Agreement included within...

  17. 77 FR 70852 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contract with Hongkong Post. This notice informs the public of the filing, invites public comment, and... Equivalent Agreement, November 15, 2012 (Notice). Contract history and scope. The Agreement is a successor...

  18. 78 FR 55124 - Domestic Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... Domestic Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing seeking to add Parcel Select Contract 7 to the competitive product... Select Contract 7 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that Parcel...

  19. 77 FR 74032 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning modification of a mail contract with Singapore Post... (Notice). Contract history and scope. The Modified Agreement revises the existing Singapore Post...

  20. 48 CFR 704.404 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 704.404... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Safeguarding Classified Information Within Industry 704.404 Contract clause. If the contract involves access to classified (“Confidential”, “Secret”, or “Top Secret”), or...

  1. 48 CFR 833.215 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 833.215 Section 833.215 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PROTESTS, DISPUTES, AND APPEALS Disputes and Appeals 833.215 Contract clause. The...

  2. 7 CFR 3019.47 - Contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract administration. 3019.47 Section 3019.47 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER... Standards § 3019.47 Contract administration. A system for contract administration shall be maintained...

  3. The Administrative Contract: Implications for Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Kenneth T.; Murray, Barbara A.

    1999-01-01

    Although most principals and superintendents must be awarded annual or multiyear employment contracts by their school districts, such contracts offer little protection from reassignment to a lesser position or even from dismissal. Inadequate remedies for breach of employment contracts subject school administrators to working solely at their…

  4. 77 FR 54937 - International Mail Postal Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... COMMISSION International Mail Postal Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... Business Reply Service Contract 3. It seeks inclusion of the new contract within an existing product... alternatives to electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel,...

  5. 48 CFR 233.215 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 233.215....215 Contract clause. Use Alternate I of the clause at FAR 52.233-1, Disputes, when— (1) The... (v) Tracked combat vehicles (vi) Related electronic systems; (2) The contracting officer...

  6. 75 FR 82095 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... Inventory of Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The inventory includes service contract... at the NRC's electronic Reading Room at http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/adams.html . From this page... inventory includes service contract actions over $25,000 that were awarded in FY 2010. The...

  7. 48 CFR 532.908 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 532.908... REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Prompt Payment 532.908 Contract clauses. (a) GSA has a FAR deviation that... Information for Electronic Funds Transfer Payment; and (iii) For which the order is placed, and the...

  8. 48 CFR 538.273 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 538.273... Schedules 538.273 Contract clauses. (a) Multiple award schedules. Insert in solicitations and contracts: (1) 552.238-70, Identification of Electronic Office Equipment Providing Accessibility for the...

  9. Practice Makes Perfect: Contracting Quantity and Quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichert, Nancy

    2003-01-01

    Discusses how contract grading promotes quality writing as well as a larger quantity of writing. Considers how teachers can use contract grading to support and promote the behaviors, thinking skills, and writing skills they believe will help students create quality writing. Notes that contract grading leads students to write more, to have fewer…

  10. Advantages of a leveled commitment contracting protocol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandholm, T.W.; Lesser, V.R. [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    In automated negotiation systems consisting of self-interested agents, contracts have traditionally been binding. Such contracts do not allow agents to efficiently accommodate future events. Game theory has proposed contingency contracts to solve this problem. Among computational agents, contingency contracts are often impractical due to large numbers of interdependent and unanticipated future events to be conditioned on, and because some events are not mutually observable. This paper proposes a leveled commitment contracting protocol that allows self-interested agents to efficiently accommodate future events by having the possibility of unilaterally decommitting from a contract based on local reasoning. A decommitment penalty is assigned to both agents in a contract: to be freed from the contract, an agent only pays this penalty to the other party. It is shown through formal analysis of several contracting settings that this leveled commitment feature in a contracting protocol increases Pareto efficiency of deals and can make contracts individually rational when no full commitment contract can. This advantage holds even if the agents decommit manipulatively.

  11. 7 CFR 1410.32 - CRP contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false CRP contract. 1410.32 Section 1410.32 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM § 1410.32 CRP contract. (a) In order to enroll land in the CRP, the participant must enter into a contract with CCC. (b) The...

  12. 14 CFR 145.217 - Contract maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract maintenance. 145.217 Section 145...) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES REPAIR STATIONS Operating Rules § 145.217 Contract maintenance. (a) A certificated repair station may contract a maintenance function pertaining to an article to...

  13. Incentive contracts with unobservable competence levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davis, Jerome; Keiding, Hans

    2008-01-01

    A contract where the agent is compensated ex post only upon satisfactory performance, often called a no-cureno- pay contract, can arise as under several circumstances. In this paper, we model the problem of contractual choice as a principal-agent contract which is modified due to hidden informati...

  14. 32 CFR 21.670 - Procurement contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... detailed definition for contract at 48 CFR 2.101. ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement contract. 21.670 Section 21.670... REGULATIONS DoD GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS-GENERAL MATTERS Definitions § 21.670 Procurement contract. A...

  15. 48 CFR 1632.772 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clause. 1632.772 Section 1632.772 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING...

  16. Optimal Debt Contracts under Costly Enforcement

    OpenAIRE

    Hvide, Hans K.; Leite, Tore

    2007-01-01

    We consider a financing game with costly enforcement based on Townsend (1979), but where monitoring is non-contractible and allowed to be stochastic. Debt is the optimal contract. Moreover, the debt contract induces creditor leniency and strategic defaults by the borrower on the equilibrium path, consistent with empirical evidence on repayment and monitoring behaviour in credit markets.

  17. Psychological Contracts: Are They Still Relevant?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maguire, Heather

    2002-01-01

    Empirical evidence from a banking organization illustrated how change has an impact on psychological contracts. Concluded that maintenance of contracts makes an important contribution to relationships but organizations need to adjust psychological contracts to meet the needs of the work force. (Contains 58 references.) (JOW)

  18. 7 CFR 760.818 - Marketing contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing contracts. 760.818 Section 760.818... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INDEMNITY PAYMENT PROGRAMS 2005-2007 Crop Disaster Program § 760.818 Marketing contracts. (a) A marketing contract must meet all of the conditions outlined in paragraphs (b), (c), and...

  19. 48 CFR 12.210 - Contract financing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract financing. 12.210... financing. Customary market practice for some commercial items may include buyer contract financing. The contracting officer may offer Government financing in accordance with the policies and procedures in part 32....

  20. 48 CFR 19.812 - Contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., unless the Administrator of the SBA waives the requirement for contract termination (13 CFR 124.515). The... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract administration... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Contracting With the Small Business Administration (the...