WorldWideScience

Sample records for appeals

  1. Aesthetic Appeal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Folkmann, Mads Nygaard

    This paper is a theoretical contribution to an aesthetics of design beyond style. The paper will present an interpretive framework for investigating and questioning the formation and articulation of aesthetic meaning in design. In the context of the paper, aesthetic meaning can be seen to evolve ...... question of aesthetics in design may be answered by both addressing the internal meaning formulation of the aesthetic appeal and the external cultural and discursive framing of design that influences how design is perceived as ‘aesthetic’.......’. The paper will conclude by pointing at the impact of the cultural framing of design and the procedures by which design objects are not only regarded as aesthetic by their inherent qualities but are also attributed meaning and value as aesthetic by external factors, e.g. in visual mediation. Thus, the...

  2. Medicare Appeals Council Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions of the Departmental Appeals Board's Medicare Appeals Council involving claims for entitlement to Medicare and individual claims for Medicare coverage and...

  3. Departmental Appeals Board Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions issued by the Chair and Board Members of the Departmental Appeals Board concerning determinations in discretionary, project grant programs, including...

  4. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2006-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine an appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to advancement. The person concerned has requested that the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General be brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (No. 60) from 24 March to 10 April 2006. Human Resources Department Tel. 74128

  5. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mrs Judith Igo-Kemenes concerning the application of procedures foreseen by Administrative Circular N§ 26 (Rev. 3). As the appellant has not objected, the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General are brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 6 to 20 June 2003. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  6. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mr Poul Frandsen concerning his assimilation into the new career structure. As the appellant has not objected, the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General are brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 13 to 24 January 2003. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  7. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a former member of the personnel, a beneficiary of the CERN Pension Fund, against the calculation of his pension in the framework of the Progressive Retirement Programme.   The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the attention of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be available from 26 July to 11 August 2013 at the following link. HR Department Head Office

  8. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel against the decision to grant him only a periodic one-step advancement for the 2006 reference year. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the attention of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main building (bldg. 500) from 1 September to 14 September 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  9. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel against the decision to grant him only a periodic one-step advancement for the 2006 reference year. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the attention of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main Building (Bldg. 500) from 1 September to 14 September 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  10. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine an internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to grant him an indefinite contract. The person concerned has requested that the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General be brought to the notice of the members of the personnel, in accordance with Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main building (Bldg. 60) from 24 September to 7 October 2007. Human Resources Department

  11. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to award him a periodic one-step advancement for the 2006 reference year. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the notice of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main building (Bldg. 500) from 17 March to 30 March 2008. Human Resources Department Tel. 73911

  12. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to grant him an indefinite contract. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the notice of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main Building (Bldg. 500) from 26 May to 6 June 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  13. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine an internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to grant him an indefinite contract. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the notice of the members of the personnel, in accordance with Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations. These documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main Building (Bldg. 60) from 21 January to 3 February 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  14. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mr Aloïs Girardoz with regard to classification and advancement. As the appellant has not objected, the Board's report and the Director-General's decision will be brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 15 to 29 August 2003. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  15. Appeal to the ILOAT

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2007-01-01

    In the official CERN Bulletin, for weeks beginning 2nd and 9th April 2007, it read that on 7 March the Governing Board of the Pension Fund noted with satisfaction that the appeal lodged by a beneficiary against the CERN Council decision to index his pension at 0% for the year 2005 had been rejected by the ILO Administrative Tribunal. Whether the enthusiasm is of the Governing Board or of the writer, it reduces the importance of the matter and is inopportune, since it concerns an issue as complicated and sensitive as the maintaining of the purchasing power of the replacement income of retired staff that their pensions represent.

  16. Constitutional appeals refused

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Already in the three-judge-appointed preliminary commission, the Fed. Constitutional Court, in several cases unanimously, refused a constitutional appeal against decisions in court cases regarding nuclear power plants with the substantiation that they have no sufficient prospects for success, or that they are inadmissable. These decisions are incontestable. The following orders were issued: 1) Churches must also pay for electricity produced by nuclear power plants. 2) Construction of the Grohnde nuclear power plant will not be interrupted. 3) Limited right of action against nuclear power plant licences (here: Stade) 4) Confirmation of the preliminary site approval for Kruemmel nuclear power plant. The essential reasons for the decisions are given. (orig./HP)

  17. Appeals in Special Adminisrtative Domains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuk CUCIĆ

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper is preceded by another work on the administrative appeal in Serbian law, as prescribed by General Administrative Proceeding Act. It builds upon that by describing and analyzing the most often modifications made to the general regime of the administrative appeal in various policy areas. It furthermore depicts special administrative control mechanisms, different from the administrative appeal, that exist in the fields of public procurement, education and broadcasting. These two articles should conclude the normative analysis of the system of administrative appeal and its counterpart administrative recourses. Normative analysis should further allow empirical research of the efficiency thereof and enable drawing of conclusions on respective features of the appellate proceeding that provide the best results in protection of the legality and private and public interests.

  18. Physicist appeals against security revoke

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwynne, Peter

    2009-01-01

    An Egyptian-born nuclear physicist filed a fresh legal appeal last month in an effort to learn why his security clearance was revoked by the US Department of Energy (DOE). Abdel Moniem El-Ganayni, 57, who became a US citizen in 1988, lost his clearance in December 2007. Last May, he lost his job at Bettis Laboratory in Pittsburgh, which is run for the DOE by a subsidiary of the Bechtel Corporation. A lawsuit in which El-Ganayni sought a hearing on the reasons for revoking his clearance was dismissed in late November by US District judge Terrence McVerry, prompting the latest appeal.

  19. 33 CFR 160.7 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... documentation or other evidence which would be necessary or helpful to a resolution of the appeal. A copy of... evidence which would be necessary or helpful to a resolution of the appeal. A copy of this...

  20. HUD Hearings and Appeals Office Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — These all of the Administrative Sanction decisions issued by the Office of Appeals and its predecessor, the HUD Board of Contract Appeals. This Office has included...

  1. 32 CFR 203.19 - Appeals process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeals process. 203.19 Section 203.19 National....19 Appeals process. DoD Components will establish an appeals process to settle potential disputes... process. The Department of Defense recognizes that the RAB/TRC may disagree with the findings of...

  2. 33 CFR 154.1075 - Appeal process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal process. 154.1075 Section 154.1075 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED....1075 Appeal process. (a) Any owner or operator of a facility who desires to appeal the...

  3. 44 CFR 352.29 - Appeal process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appeal process. 352.29 Section 352.29 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... Participation § 352.29 Appeal process. (a) Any interested party may appeal a determination made by the...

  4. 42 CFR 423.350 - Payment appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Qualified Prescription Drug Coverage § 423.350 Payment appeals. (a) Payment determinations—(1) Payment methods subject to appeal. If CMS did not apply its stated payment methodology correctly, a Part D sponsor... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Payment appeals. 423.350 Section 423.350...

  5. Administrative Appeals and ADR in Danish Administrative Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conradsen, Inger Marie; Gøtze, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Administrative Appeals, review, administrative tribunals, ombudsman, alternative dispute resolution......Administrative Appeals, review, administrative tribunals, ombudsman, alternative dispute resolution...

  6. Office of Medicare Hearings and Appeals (OMHA) - Receipts by Appeal Category

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This data set provides information about the appeals and claims received by the Office of Medicare and Hearings by appeal category for Fiscal Year 2006 - 2012.

  7. Office of Medicare Hearings and Appeals (OMHA) - Receipts by Appeal Category

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This data set provides information about the appeals and claims received by the Office of Medicare and Hearings by appeal category for Fiscal Year 2006 - 2012.x

  8. Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP) Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — This online collection includes documents decided upon by the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP) starting in Fiscal Year 2012. The documents...

  9. Legal Protection of the Right of Appeal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江曼

    2014-01-01

    The right of appeal consists in the essential civil rights of the citizens promulgated in the constitution. The essence of the private rights of citizens against the administration of public power. This article through to the relevant laws and regulations of civil appeal right and academic achievements of research, the article defines the concept the right of appeal, and compares with the administrative reconsideration system and the petition system, and expounds the legal position of administrative complaint system. The author also combines the reality of our country, and puts forward suggestions on the protection of citizens’ right of appeal.

  10. 5 CFR 1201.22 - Filing an appeal and responses to appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing an appeal and responses to appeals. 1201.22 Section 1201.22 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND... dispute resolution process prior to the timely filing of an appeal, however, the time limit for filing...

  11. 8 CFR 244.11 - Renewal of application; appeal to the Board of Immigration Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of Immigration Appeals. 244.11 Section 244.11 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 244.11 Renewal of application; appeal to the Board of Immigration Appeals. If a charging document is served on the alien with...

  12. 8 CFR 1244.11 - Renewal of application; appeal to the Board of Immigration Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of Immigration Appeals. 1244.11 Section 1244.11 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 1244.11 Renewal of application; appeal to the Board of Immigration Appeals. If a...

  13. 36 CFR 60.12 - Nomination appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the nomination process,” as specified in §§ 60.6(t) and 60.9(i). Upon receipt of such petition the... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nomination appeals. 60.12... NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES § 60.12 Nomination appeals. (a) Any person or local government...

  14. 7 CFR 2710.5 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... whose initial request is denied in whole or in part may appeal that denial, in accordance with 7 CFR 1.3(e) and 1.7, to the Director, Office of Information Resources Management, by sending the appeal to... and Independence Ave., SW., Room 407-W, Washington, DC 20250. The Director, Office of...

  15. 42 CFR 1004.140 - Appeal rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... IMPROVEMENT ORGANIZATION Appeals § 1004.140 Appeal rights. (a) Right to preliminary hearing. (1)(i) A... its right to a preliminary hearing, such a hearing must be held by the ALJ in accordance with... in a city that the ALJ deems equitable to all parties. The ALJ will conduct the preliminary...

  16. 20 CFR 435.80 - Appeal process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Officer (GMO); and (2) Final appeal to the Commissioner of Social Security from an adverse decision... written decisions by the GMO may be appealed: (1) A disallowance or other determination denying payment of... decision and requirements of grantee response. The Grants Management Officer's (GMO) adverse...

  17. 5 CFR 2504.16 - Appeals process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeals process. 2504.16 Section 2504.16 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATION, EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 2504.16 Appeals process. (a) Within 20 work days of receiving the request for review, a review...

  18. 5 CFR 1630.14 - Appeals process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeals process. 1630.14 Section 1630.14 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 1630.14 Appeals process. (a) Within 20 work days of receiving the request for review, the Executive Director,...

  19. 10 CFR 851.44 - Administrative appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative appeal. 851.44 Section 851.44 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM Enforcement Process § 851.44 Administrative appeal. (a... calendar days from receipt of the final notice. (b) In order to exhaust administrative remedies...

  20. 15 CFR 301.6 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONS § 301.6 Appeals. (a) An appeal from a final decision made by the Director under § 301... publication of the decision in the Federal Register. If at any time while its application is under... States an instrument of equivalent scientific value for the purposes for which the instrument to...

  1. Measuring Appeal in Human Computer Interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neben, Tillmann; Xiao, Bo Sophia; Lim, Eric T.;

    2015-01-01

    Appeal refers to the positive emotional response to an aesthetic, beautiful, or in another way desirable stimulus. It is a recurring topic in information systems (IS) research, and is important for understanding many phenomena of user behavior and decision-making. While past IS research on appeal...

  2. 26 CFR 601.106 - Appeals functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (31 CFR Part 10), and the requirements of Subpart E of this part. In addition to such rules but not in... STATEMENT OF PROCEDURAL RULES General Procedural Rules § 601.106 Appeals functions. (a) General. (1)(i... Code (because the taxpayer has the right to appeal such penalties, such as those provided under...

  3. 7 CFR 54.24 - Appeal certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... certificate and stating the class, grade, other quality, or compliance of the products as shown by the appeal... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) MEATS, PREPARED MEATS, AND MEAT PRODUCTS (GRADING, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) Regulations Appeal Service § 54.24...

  4. 15 CFR 700.81 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeals. 700.81 Section 700.81 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF... support of an appeal, an appellant may request, in writing, an opportunity for an informal hearing....

  5. 7 CFR 2811.5 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... denied in whole or in part may appeal that denial, in accordance with 7 CFR 1.6(e) and 1.8, to the Director, Office of Operations, USDA, Room 113-W Administration Building, 14th & Independence Avenue...

  6. 32 CFR 732.24 - Appeal procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... DENTAL CARE Medical and Dental Care From Nonnaval Sources § 732.24 Appeal procedures. When a claim for... the previous decision and order payment of the claim in whole or in part or grant the request...

  7. 24 CFR 990.250 - Requirements for certain appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... appeals. (a) Appeals under § 990.245 (a) and (c) must be submitted once annually. Appeals under § 990.245... applicable Date of Full Availability (DOFA). (b) Appeals under § 990.245 (c) and (e) are subject to the following requirements: (1) The PHA is required to acquire an independent cost assessment of its...

  8. 49 CFR 211.77 - Appeal to the Administrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appeal to the Administrator. 211.77 Section 211.77... Appeal to the Administrator. (a) Any party aggrieved by the final decision of a presiding officer (other than the Administrator) may appeal to the Administrator. The appeal must be filed within twenty...

  9. 36 CFR 215.19 - Appeal Reviewing Officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal Reviewing Officer. 215... Reviewing Officer. (a) Designation. The Appeal Reviewing Officer shall be: (1) Designated by the Chief or... Appeal Reviewing Officer shall review an appeal and the decision documentation and make a...

  10. 20 CFR 802.201 - Who may file an appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who may file an appeal. 802.201 Section 802... Prereview Procedures Commencing Appeal: Parties § 802.201 Who may file an appeal. (a) A party. (1) Any party... administrative law judge or deputy commissioner to the Board by filing a notice of appeal pursuant to...

  11. 50 CFR 660.340 - Limited entry permit appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Limited entry permit appeals. 660.340... Groundfish Fisheries § 660.340 Limited entry permit appeals. (a) Decisions on appeals of initial decisions... appeal may be accompanied by a request that the Regional Administrator seek a recommendation from...

  12. 43 CFR 4.702 - Transmittal of appeal file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transmittal of appeal file. 4.702 Section... PROCEDURES Special Rules Applicable to Other Appeals and Hearings § 4.702 Transmittal of appeal file. Within... decision is being appealed shall transmit to the Office of the Director the entire official file in...

  13. 40 CFR 60.4108 - Appeal procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Electric Steam Generating Units Hg Budget Trading Program General Provisions § 60.4108 Appeal procedures. The appeal procedures for decisions of the Administrator under the Hg Budget Trading Program shall be...(b)(2) or (c)(2),” “§ 60.4154,” “§ 60.4156,” “§ 60.4161,” “§ 60.4175,” “Hg allowances,” “Hg...

  14. Guilt appeals in advertising: what are their effects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coulter, R H; Pinto, M B

    1995-12-01

    This study examined consumers' emotional responses, their attitudes toward advertisements and brands, attributions about the companies promoting the brands, and purchase intention for ads varying on level of guilt appeal. Sixty working mothers, a prime target of guilt appeals, participated in the study. Results indicated that moderate guilt appeals elicited more felt guilt in the working mothers than did low or high guilt appeals. Furthermore, emotional responses, particularly anger, mediated the relationship between level of guilt appeal and consumers' attitudes and corporate attributions, and an inverse relationship occurred between level of guilt appeal and attitudes and attributions. Purchase intention was affected by the level of the guilt appeal and by anger. PMID:8557622

  15. 18 CFR 401.90 - Appeals from final Commission action; Time for appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appeals from final Commission action; Time for appeals. 401.90 Section 401.90 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Administrative and...

  16. 75 FR 68704 - Interior Board of Land Appeals and Other Appeals Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of the Secretary 43 CFR Part 4 RIN 1094-AA53 Interior Board of Land Appeals and Other Appeals Procedures Correction In rule document 2010-26200 beginning on page 64655 in the issue of Wednesday,...

  17. Strategic Issues & Recommendations for The Eve Appeal

    OpenAIRE

    Marler, Christine

    2011-01-01

    The charity sector, also known as the third sector, has grown significantly over the course of the past decade and sits primarily between the private and public sectors. This sector plays an important role in society and the economy as it brings in over £28 billion in income annually and generates over 611,000 jobs (Graduate Prospects Ltd., 2011). This paper focuses on The Eve Appeal, a gynaecological cancer charity. The Eve Appeal, based out of London, England, is six years old and ...

  18. 9 CFR 354.134 - Appeal inspections; how made.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... an inspector shall be made to his immediate superior having jurisdiction over the subject matter of the appeal. Review of such appeal findings, when requested, shall be made by the immediate superior...

  19. Effects of Persuasive Appeals in Public Service Advertising

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynn, Jerry R.

    1974-01-01

    Concludes that of four message types perceived on the basis of persuasive appeal--emotional, logical, source-attribute, and fear--emotional appeal is the most effective and source-attribute the least effective method of advertising. (RB)

  20. 32 CFR 150.21 - Appeals by the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... TO MILITARY JUSTICE COURTS OF CRIMINAL APPEALS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE § 150.21 Appeals by.... (d) Time for filing. All procedural Rules of the Court shall apply except as noted in this...

  1. EPA Environmental Appeals Board (EAB) Decisions Web Page

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The EPA Environmental Appeals Board (EAB) is the final Agency decisionmaker on administrative appeals under all major environmental statutes that the Agency...

  2. 32 CFR 169a.18 - Administrative appeal procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CONTRACTING COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES PROGRAM PROCEDURES Procedures § 169a.18 Administrative appeal procedures. (a... procedures, as well as the decision upon appeal, will not be subject to negotiation, arbitration,...

  3. 7 CFR 3011.5 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... denied in whole or in part may appeal that denial, in accordance with 7 CFR 1.6(e) and 1.8, to the Director, Office of Finance and Management, USDA, Room 117-W, Administration Building, 14th and Independence Ave., Washington, DC 20250-9000....

  4. 7 CFR 1530.112 - Administrative appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE THE REFINED SUGAR RE-EXPORT PROGRAM, THE SUGAR CONTAINING PRODUCTS RE-EXPORT PROGRAM... Licensing Authority's determination by filing a written notice of appeal, signed by the licensee or the... date of the Licensing Authority's determination, and shall contain the licensee's written argument....

  5. 31 CFR 206.8 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Treasury, the Assistant Commissioner, Federal Finance, and the designated agency cash management official... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeals. 206.8 Section 206.8 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE,...

  6. Appealing to Good Students in Introductory Economics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Elizabeth J.; Owen, Ann L.

    2003-01-01

    Examines effective teaching techniques using a unique data set that allows matching student and instructor characteristics to assess impact on student interest in economics. Finds devoting more time to discussion is effective but varies by type of student. Determines that a using many teaching techniques appeals to learning styles adopted by good…

  7. 44 CFR 295.41 - Administrative appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative appeal. 295.41 Section 295.41 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... supplement the statement of reasons and provide any additional documentary evidence supporting the...

  8. 44 CFR 67.8 - Appeal procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appeal procedure. 67.8 Section 67.8 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... technical or scientific data submitted by the community that tend to negate or contradict the...

  9. 7 CFR 3801.5 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeals. 3801.5 Section 3801.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) WORLD AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF... and addressed to the Chairperson, World Agricultural Outlook Board, U.S. Department of...

  10. Teen Appeal — Touching the Moving Point

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handford, Christina

    An article to discuss the difficulties of designing educational multimedia for the teen target audience (13 - 16 year olds). The report will assess techniques used in existing online artefacts and reveal major trends in the attempt to appeal to this notoriously hard to reach user group.

  11. 15 CFR 10.14 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeals. 10.14 Section 10.14 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROCEDURES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF VOLUNTARY... hearing shall be published in the Federal Register. The hearing will be an informal,...

  12. 43 CFR 4.416 - Appeals of wildfire management decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appeals of wildfire management decisions. 4.416 Section 4.416 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT... Board of Land Appeals § 4.416 Appeals of wildfire management decisions. The Board must decide...

  13. 24 CFR 990.245 - Types of appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... taken aggressive marketing and outreach measures to rent these units. For example, a PHA could appeal if... may appeal its PEL if it can produce actual project cost data derived from actual asset management, as... specific local conditions. This appeal would be based on demonstrations that the model's predictions...

  14. An Instrument for the Systematic Study of Advertising Creative Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secrist, Mark

    Although the generation of creative appeals is the heart and soul of advertising, there has been little methodology developed for the classification and study of the appeals themselves. The paper recommends the use of an instrument which provides a technique that will enable the advertising researcher to develop descriptive studies of ad appeals.…

  15. 77 FR 75641 - Public Housing Operating Subsidy-Appeals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... Reduction Act. The Department is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal. Under the operating... market conditions; and (e) appeal to substitute actual project cost data. To appeal the amount of subsidy... use: Under the operating fund final rule, PHAs that elect to file an appeal of their subsidy...

  16. 40 CFR 222.12 - Appeal to Administrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal to Administrator. 222.12... ON OCEAN DUMPING PERMIT APPLICATIONS UNDER SECTION 102 OF THE ACT § 222.12 Appeal to Administrator. (a)(1) The Administrator delegates to the Environmental Appeals Board authority to issue...

  17. 27 CFR 28.57 - Appeal to Administrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appeal to Administrator... Administrator. Where a bond or consent of surety is disapproved by the appropriate TTB officer, the person giving the bond may appeal from such disapproval to the Administrator, who will hear such appeal....

  18. 33 CFR 1.07-70 - Right to appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Right to appeal. 1.07-70 Section 1.07-70 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL GENERAL PROVISIONS Enforcement; Civil and Criminal Penalty Proceedings § 1.07-70 Right to appeal. (a) Any appeal...

  19. 29 CFR 4003.59 - Decision by the Appeals Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of the facts or legal conclusions supporting the decision, and state that the appellant has exhausted... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision by the Appeals Board. 4003.59 Section 4003.59... ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW OF AGENCY DECISIONS Administrative Appeals § 4003.59 Decision by the Appeals Board. (a)...

  20. 5 CFR 1201.153 - Contents of appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to the complaint or grievance. (b) Use of Board form or Internet filing option. An appellant may... information marked as required at the e-Appeal site (https://e-appeal.mspb.gov). MSPB Form 185 can be accessed... PROCEDURES Procedures for Cases Involving Allegations of Discrimination § 1201.153 Contents of appeal....

  1. 49 CFR 1109.2 - Appeals from arbitration decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appeals from arbitration decisions. 1109.2 Section... PROCEEDINGS AND THOSE IN WHICH THE BOARD IS A PARTY § 1109.2 Appeals from arbitration decisions. Appeals are.... Arbitration awards can be challenged on the basis that they do not take their essence from the...

  2. 45 CFR 7.8 - Employee's right of appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employee's right of appeal. 7.8 Section 7.8 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION EMPLOYEE INVENTIONS § 7.8 Employee's right of appeal. An employee who is aggrieved by a determination of the Department may appeal...

  3. 36 CFR 251.83 - Decisions not appealable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... appealable to the Agriculture Board of Contract Appeals, USDA, under 7 CFR part 24. (b) Decisions involving Freedom of Information Act denials under 7 CFR part 1 or Privacy Act determinations under 7 CFR 1.118. (c... USES Appeal of Decisions Relating to Occupancy and Use of National Forest System Lands §...

  4. 28 CFR 524.76 - Appeals of CIM classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeals of CIM classification. 524.76..., CLASSIFICATION, AND TRANSFER CLASSIFICATION OF INMATES Central Inmate Monitoring (CIM) System § 524.76 Appeals of CIM classification. An inmate may at any time appeal (through the Administrative Remedy Program)...

  5. 36 CFR 251.85 - Election of appeal process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... under the provisions of 36 CFR part 217 may intervene pursuant to 36 CFR 217.6(b). ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Election of appeal process... Election of appeal process. (a) No decision can be appealed by the same person under both this subpart...

  6. 76 FR 50926 - Civilian Board of Contract Appeals; Rules of Procedure of the Civilian Board of Contract Appeals...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-17

    ... Number 2011-001, Sequence 1] RIN 3090-AJ16 Civilian Board of Contract Appeals; Rules of Procedure of the Civilian Board of Contract Appeals--Electronic Filing of Documents AGENCY: Civilian Board of Contract... Contract Appeals began accepting filings submitted by electronic mail (e-mail) under Section...

  7. Juridical Appeals concerning interdiction of elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anelise Crippa

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Interdiction is a way of outlawing specific cases in which the person can no longer answer for their actions, whether civil life and/or assets. This study aims to identify the juridical appeals from 2003 to 2013 involving elderly and interdiction at the Tribunal de Justiça do Rio Grande do Sul (Justice Tribunal of Rio Grande do Sul. This unique instrument should be respected and used with caution, always aiming for the best interests of the elderly and their protection.  

  8. 10 CFR 905.21 - What is the administrative appeal process?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What is the administrative appeal process? 905.21 Section... § 905.21 What is the administrative appeal process? (a) Filing written appeals with Western. If a... while an appeal process is pending. However, if the appeal is unsuccessful for the customer,...

  9. 32 CFR 701.12 - FOIA appeals/litigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... serve as principal points of contact on DON FOIA appeals and litigation; receive and track FOIA appeals... all FOIA lawsuits as they are filed against the DON. Appellate authorities shall facsimile a copy of... copy of any FOIA litigation filed against the DON and any subsequent status of the case. CNO...

  10. 9 CFR 381.35 - Appeal inspections; how made.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... from a decision of an inspector shall be made to his immediate superior having jurisdiction over the subject matter of the appeal, and such superior shall determine whether the inspector's decision was correct. Review of such appeal determination, when requested, shall be made by the immediate superior...

  11. 31 CFR 203.13 - Appeal and dispute resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal and dispute resolution. 203.13 Section 203.13 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL... TAX AND LOAN PROGRAM Electronic Federal Tax Payments § 203.13 Appeal and dispute resolution....

  12. 31 CFR 29.405 - Appeals to the Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeals to the Department. 29.405 Section 29.405 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury FEDERAL BENEFIT... reason. (d) Final decision. After consideration of the appeal, the Department will issue a final...

  13. 76 FR 76873 - Personnel Appeals Board; Procedural Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-09

    ... published section 28.2(c)(2) on November 23, 1993, effective January 1, 1994 (58 FR 61998, Nov. 23, 1993... Personnel Appeals Board; Procedural Rules AGENCY: Government Accountability Office Personnel Appeals Board. ACTION: Interim rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: The Government Accountability Office...

  14. 5 CFR 185.141 - Stay pending appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Stay pending appeal. 185.141 Section 185.141 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD... disposition of a motion for reconsideration or of an appeal to the authority head. (b) No administrative...

  15. 7 CFR 400.56 - Administrative appeal exhaustion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Actual Production History § 400.56... contained in 7 CFR part 400, subpart J. Administrative remedies through the appeal process must be exhausted... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative appeal exhaustion. 400.56 Section...

  16. 10 CFR 766.104 - Reconciliation, adjustments and appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reconciliation, adjustments and appeals. 766.104 Section 766.104 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY URANIUM ENRICHMENT DECONTAMINATION AND DECOMMISSIONING FUND; PROCEDURES FOR SPECIAL ASSESSMENT OF DOMESTIC UTILITIES Procedures for Special Assessment § 766.104 Reconciliation, adjustments and appeals. (a)...

  17. 32 CFR 935.66 - Court of Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Court of Appeals. 935.66 Section 935.66 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE TERRITORIAL AND INSULAR REGULATIONS... for in this part. (c) Sessions of the Court of Appeals are held in the National Capital Region...

  18. 15 CFR 756.2 - Appeal from an administrative action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS APPEALS... appeal is filed, an opportunity for an informal hearing. The Under Secretary may grant or deny a request... hearing procedures—(i) Presentations. The Under Secretary shall provide an opportunity for the...

  19. 28 CFR 0.116 - Board of Immigration Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... exercise of its authorities and responsibilities as delineated in 8 CFR 3.1 through 3.8. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Board of Immigration Appeals. 0.116... Executive Office for Immigration Review § 0.116 Board of Immigration Appeals. The Board of...

  20. 28 CFR 16.84 - Exemption of Immigration Appeals System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption of Immigration Appeals System... MATERIAL OR INFORMATION Exemption of Records Systems Under the Privacy Act § 16.84 Exemption of Immigration...) Decisions of the Board of Immigration Appeals (JUSTICE/BIA-001). This exemption applies only to the...

  1. 43 CFR 6.6 - Appeals by employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appeals by employees. 6.6 Section 6.6 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.6 Appeals by employees. (a) Any employee who is aggrieved by a determination of the...

  2. 40 CFR 90.515 - Appeal of hearing decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal of hearing decision. 90.515 Section 90.515 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... Enforcement Auditing § 90.515 Appeal of hearing decision. The procedures provided in § 86.1014-84 (t) to...

  3. 40 CFR 89.515 - Appeal of hearing decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal of hearing decision. 89.515 Section 89.515 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... Enforcement Auditing § 89.515 Appeal of hearing decision. The procedures provided in § 86.1014-84 (t) to...

  4. 7 CFR 1435.319 - Appeals and arbitration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... determination. Such a request must be submitted at: Executive Vice President, CCC, Stop 0501, 1400 Independence... Hearing Clerk, USDA, Room 1081, South Building, 1400 Independence Ave., SW., Washington, DC 20250-9200... written notice of appeal with the Director, National Appeals Division, USDA, as provided in part 11...

  5. 34 CFR 33.39 - Appeal to Department head.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal to Department head. 33.39 Section 33.39 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 33.39 Appeal... circumstances causing the failure to raise the objection. (i) If any party demonstrates to the satisfaction...

  6. 77 FR 269 - Matters Related to Patent Appeals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office Matters Related to Patent Appeals ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request. SUMMARY: The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), as part of its continuing...: Email: InformationCollection@uspto.gov . Include ``0651- 00xx Matters Related to Patent Appeals...

  7. 77 FR 25481 - Civilian Board of Contract Appeals; Submission for OMB Review; Civilian Board of Contract Appeals...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... in the Federal Register at 77 FR 5020, on February 1, 2012. No comments were received. Public... Contract Appeals, 1800 F Street NW., Washington, DC 20405, telephone (202) 606-8800 or via email to Greg... ADMINISTRATION Civilian Board of Contract Appeals; Submission for OMB Review; Civilian Board of Contract...

  8. What makes icons appealing? The role of processing fluency in predicting icon appeal in different task contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDougall, Siné; Reppa, Irene; Kulik, Jozef; Taylor, Alisdair

    2016-07-01

    Although icons appear on almost all interfaces, there is a paucity of research examining the determinants of icon appeal. The experiments reported here examined the icon characteristics determining appeal and the extent to which processing fluency - the subjective ease with which individuals process information - was used as a heuristic to guide appeal evaluations. Participants searched for, and identified, icons in displays. The initial appeal of icons was held constant while ease of processing was manipulated by systematically varying the complexity and familiarity of the icons presented and the type of task participants were asked to carry out. Processing fluency reliably influenced users' appeal ratings and appeared to be based on users' unconscious awareness of the ease with which they carried out experimental tasks. PMID:26995046

  9. Negative price-image effects of appealing store architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zielke, Stephan; Toporowski, Waldemar

    2012-01-01

    Retailers often worry about the negative effects of appealing exterior architecture on their store's price image, especially the price-level perception and the ease of price evaluation. Findings from prior laboratory experiments support these concerns, while field studies find no such effects. The...... present study explains this inconsistency by analyzing the moderating effects of price and retail brand information available to customers in real shopping situations. The results show that negative effects of appealing exterior architecture do not exist when retail brand information is available. The...... availability of price information neutralizes the negative effects of appealing architecture on the price-level perception, but not on the ease of price evaluation....

  10. Appeals against detention in excessive security (outcomes of appeals against detention in conditions of excessive security in Scotland).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Alexander; Bennett, Daniel M; Vojt, Gabriele; Thomson, Lindsay

    2016-07-01

    The Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 introduced the right for patients in high-security psychiatric care to appeal against detention in conditions of excessive security. A previous study examined the first 100 patients to appeal under this provision. In this study we compare them with the next cohort of 110 patients to lodge an appeal, finding, contrary to expectations, no change in patient characteristics or the outcome of their appeals. The clinical, legal and demographic features of successful and unsuccessful appellants, who made up 38% and 27% of the 110 patients, respectively, were also compared. Those patients with the support of their responsible medical officer and those already included on a transfer list had a significantly better chance of success (p = 0.00). It was also found that a history of excessive alcohol consumption was associated with successful appeals (p = 0.002). A diagnosis of learning disability was associated with unsuccessful appeals (p = 0.018), though the sub-sample was very small. These findings are important given the forthcoming extension of this right of appeal to other levels of security. PMID:26113543

  11. Office of Medicare Hearings and Appeals (OMHA) - Receipts by Procedure

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This data set provides information about the appeals and claims received by the Office of Medicare and Hearings by procedure for Fiscal Year 2006 - 2012.

  12. 7 CFR 29.91 - How to obtain an appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER... information for the proper consideration of the appeal....

  13. BASIC TRENDS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ENERGY INVESTMENT APPEAL ENHANCEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Denisova, O.

    2011-01-01

    Article is devoted research of a problem of security and steady forward and energy development of regions of Russia in the conditions of reformed economy. Basic lines within the framework of the energy security appeal enhancement are developed.

  14. Clueless: Adult Mysteries with Young Adult Appeal 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, John; Morrison, Joanna

    2002-01-01

    This annotated bibliography includes adult mysteries that appeal to teen readers under the categories of Sherlock Holmes; reference sources; private investigators; amateur sleuths; historical sleuths; suspense and thrillers; police procedurals; mystery blends; and anthologies. (LRW)

  15. 76 FR 49458 - TRICARE; Hospital Outpatient Radiology Discretionary Appeal Adjustments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... of the Secretary TRICARE; Hospital Outpatient Radiology Discretionary Appeal Adjustments AGENCY... hospitals of an opportunity for net adjusted payments for radiology services for which TRICARE payments were... radiology services specified in the regulation as being reimbursed under the allowable charge...

  16. 32 CFR 1908.34 - Establishment of appeals structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Administration, Intelligence, Operations, Science and Technology, and the Director of Central Intelligence Area... Section 1908.34 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE... Intelligence to facilitate the processing of administrative appeals under the mandatory declassification...

  17. 4 CFR 22.4 - Appeal File [Rule 4].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Numbering of pages shall be consecutive and continuous from one page to the next (i.e., “Bates” numbered... alternative organization of the appeal file is permitted, such as by document type or topic, documents...

  18. 38 CFR 19.50 - Nature and form of administrative appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nature and form of administrative appeal. 19.50 Section 19.50 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) BOARD OF VETERANS' APPEALS: APPEALS REGULATIONS Administrative Appeals § 19.50 Nature and form...

  19. 43 CFR 2.31 - How will DOI respond to my appeal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How will DOI respond to my appeal? 2.31... OF INFORMATION ACT FOIA Appeals § 2.31 How will DOI respond to my appeal? (a) Appeals will be decided... will state the basis for DOI's decision as follows: (1) Decision to release or withhold records. (i)...

  20. 25 CFR 224.183 - What other administrative appeals processes also apply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DETERMINATION ACT General Appeal Procedures § 224.183 What other administrative appeals processes also apply? The administrative appeal processes in 25 CFR part 2 and 43 CFR part 4, subject to the limitations in... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What other administrative appeals processes also...

  1. 32 CFR 1653.2 - Procedures for taking an appeal to the President.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedures for taking an appeal to the President... SYSTEM APPEAL TO THE PRESIDENT § 1653.2 Procedures for taking an appeal to the President. (a) When the Director of Selective Service appeals to the President he shall place in the registrant's file a...

  2. 32 CFR 1653.1 - Who may appeal to the President.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who may appeal to the President. 1653.1 Section... TO THE PRESIDENT § 1653.1 Who may appeal to the President. (a) The Director of Selective Service may appeal to the President from any non-unanimous determination of a district appeal board when he deems...

  3. 12 CFR 268.402 - Time for appeals to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RULES REGARDING EQUAL OPPORTUNITY Appeals to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission § 268.402 Time for appeals to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (a) Appeals... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Time for appeals to the Equal...

  4. Appeals Under the U.S. Freedom of Information Act: Timing, Legal Assistance, and Requester Identities of Administrative Appeal Cases at Two Agencies

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, Gavin R.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined administrative appeals under the U.S. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) at two federal government agencies: the Department of the Army and the U.S. Forest Service. The study reviewed all provided case files for appeals received by the agencies in fiscal year 2012, which consisted of 105 appeals at the Army and 53 appeals at the Forest Service. The researcher coded each appeal with respect to the processing time of the initial request, whether a lawyer was involved in prepa...

  5. Marketing support for customer appeal of industrial goods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.V. Raiko

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to establish marketing support for ensuring customer appeal of industrial goods. We consider the essence and improve the notion of customer appeal of goods. Customer appeal is understood as the perception by the potential customer of the totality of parameters that satisfy his or her most important needs and marketing factors. The parameters of goods are implemented as basic constructive, technological, environmental, ergonomic characteristics of goods that contribute to comprehensive quality assessment and marketing factors manifest as price, methods of distribution and stimulation. In the proposed definition, in contrast to previous ones, more comprehensive treatment is given to the totality of all possible parameters of goods that satisfy customers’ needs, which must be used in the production and promotion in accordance with the general economic tendency for consumerization. The results of the analysis. We propose a rationale for the sequence of steps in marketing support for the assessment of customer appeal of goods. The proposed steps are: at the first stage we define the goal and purpose, aе the second stage – the task, the third stage consists of several sub-stages and the fourth stage is practical use. The goal of these activities is analysis and assessment of customer appeal. The tasks are investigation of target markets for goods, factors that characterize their appeal, selection of assessment criteria. The assessment per se includes the analysis of target markets, definition of significant factors that characterize customer appeal, selection of their criteria and making decision to buy. We identified approaches to making of the decision to buy: approaches based on the identification of factors that influence the decision-making and approaches that are differentiated by the manner the decisions are formed. Consumer goods are mostly influenced by the manner of decision

  6. 7 CFR 37.13 - Suspension or denial of program assessment; appeals and termination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... audits show the noncompliance has been corrected. (b) Appeals. Appeals of adverse decisions by an auditor... Room 2092-South, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250-0249. (c) Termination....

  7. 27 CFR 13.27 - Second appeal of qualification or denial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING PROCEEDINGS Applications § 13.27 Second appeal... an informal conference as part of an appeal, as authorized in § 13.71, the 90-day period will...

  8. Appealing Texts: The Persuasive Writing of High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durst, Russel; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Analyzes the persuasive essays of high school juniors and seniors to determine the specific rhetorical and linguistic features that contributed to raters' holistic judgments about the overall quality of the essays. Reports that use of logical appeals, five-paragraph structure, coherence, and number of words were strongly correlated with overall…

  9. 5 CFR 9701.707 - Appeals of mandatory removal actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... employee may appeal such actions to the Mandatory Removal Panel (MRP) established under § 9701.708. (b) Procedures. (1) The MRP will establish procedures for the fair, impartial, and expeditious assignment and... other matters as may be necessary to ensure the operation of the MRP. (2) The MRP will conduct a...

  10. 31 CFR 16.39 - Appeal to authority head.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal to authority head. 16.39 Section 16.39 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING... hearing, the authority head shall remand the matter to the ALJ for consideration of such...

  11. 31 CFR 29.513 - Appeals to the Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeals to the Department. 29.513 Section 29.513 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury FEDERAL BENEFIT... time limit, or for other good and sufficient reason. (c) Final decision. After consideration of...

  12. 5 CFR 185.139 - Appeal to authority head.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeal to authority head. 185.139 Section 185.139 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM... title 31, United States Code, after a defendant has exhausted all administrative remedies under...

  13. 42 CFR 457.206 - Administrative appeals under CHIP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... provisions of 42 CFR part 430, subpart D of this chapter. (b) FFP in State CHIP expenditures. Disallowances... the Departmental Appeals Board (the Board) in accordance with procedures set forth in 45 CFR part 16. (c) Discretionary grants disputes. Determinations listed in 45 CFR part 16, appendix A, pertaining...

  14. Appeals for Help, Prosocial Behavior, And Psychological Reactance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Morton; And Others

    1983-01-01

    To investigate different appeals for obtaining help, four request conditions were examined: strong demand, direct request, choice request, and minimal request. Using the "wrong number" procedure, 809s randomly selected from the telephone directory were called by a confederate who presented himself as a motorist in need of help. (Author/RH)

  15. 13 CFR 134.702 - Who may appeal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Who may appeal? 134.702 Section 134.702 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION RULES OF PROCEDURE GOVERNING... Business Concern (WOSB) and Economically Disadvantaged WOSB Concern (EDWOSB) Protests § 134.702 Who...

  16. 32 CFR 312.9 - Appeal of initial amendment decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal of initial amendment decision. 312.9 Section 312.9 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE... be provided to all future users of the file, and that the requester may file suit in a...

  17. Formative Research in Attention and Appeal: A Series of Proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mielke, Keith W.; Bryant, Jennings, Jr.

    Methods are suggested to measure the program appeal and audience attention of Children's Television Workshop productions. Among these are distractor techniques, one which permits subjects to discriminate between two simultaneously broadcast programs by selecting the audio track they most prefer and one used to rank order several programs.…

  18. Functional Effectiveness of Threat Appeals in Exercise Promotion Messages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brengman, Malaika; Wauters, Birgit; Macharis, Cathy; Mairesse, Olivier

    2010-01-01

    As more than 70% of individuals in Western societies can be categorized as sedentary and inactivity has been recognized to lead to a series of serious physical and psychological disorders, the importance of physical activity promotion is ever more emphasized. Many social marketing campaigns use threat (or fear) appeals to promote healthy…

  19. 50 CFR 679.43 - Determinations and appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 679.43 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... Fishing Quota Management Measures § 679.43 Determinations and appeals. (a) General. This section describes... file a written response. The appellant may also provide documentary evidence to support...

  20. 44 CFR 67.6 - Basis of appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis of appeal. 67.6 Section 67.6 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... technically incorrect. Because scientific and technical correctness is often a matter of degree rather...

  1. 18 CFR 401.87 - Assessment of costs; Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Assessment of costs; Appeals. 401.87 Section 401.87 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Administrative and Other Hearings § 401.87 Assessment...

  2. 19 CFR 115.17 - Appeal to Commissioner of Customs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appeal to Commissioner of Customs. 115.17 Section 115.17 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CARGO CONTAINER AND ROAD VEHICLE CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO INTERNATIONAL...

  3. 76 FR 6554 - Appeal Authority When Researcher Privileges Are Revoked

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-07

    ... Revoked AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration. ACTION: Direct final rule. SUMMARY: The... privileges have been revoked for specific behaviors, from the Archivist of the United States to the Deputy... privileges have been revoked with the appeal authority for individuals who have been banned from...

  4. 7 CFR 54.20 - Request for appeal service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... he disagrees with the determination as to class, grade, other quality, or compliance of the product... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) MEATS, PREPARED MEATS, AND MEAT PRODUCTS (GRADING, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) Regulations Appeal Service § 54.20 Request...

  5. 5 CFR 1201.24 - Content of an appeal; right to hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... with § 1201.14 and the directions at the Board's e-Appeal site (https://e-appeal.mspb.gov) satisfy the... marked as required at the e-Appeal site (https://e-appeal.mspb.gov). MSPB Form 185 can be accessed at the Board's Web site (http://www.mspb.gov). (d) Right to hearing. Under 5 U.S.C. 7701, an appellant has...

  6. 43 CFR 4.1600 - Purpose and nature of the appeal process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose and nature of the appeal process... Circular A-76 § 4.1600 Purpose and nature of the appeal process. (a) This appeals procedure embodies an... rather than judicial in nature, and does not provide for a judicial review or for further levels...

  7. The Effects of Repeated Exposure to Graphic Fear Appeals on Cigarette Packages: A Field Experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, A.; Bos, C.

    2015-01-01

    Experimental studies on the effects of graphic fear appeals on cigarette packages typically expose smokers in a single session to a fear appeal, although in practice the exposure is always repeated. The present study applied an improved study design with repeated exposure to fear appeals on cigarett

  8. The Effects of Repeated Exposure to Graphic Fear Appeals on Cigarette Packages : A Field Experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, Arie; Colin, Bos,

    2015-01-01

    Experimental studies on the effects of graphic fear appeals on cigarette packages typically expose smokers in a single session to a fear appeal, although in practice the exposure is always repeated. The present study applied an improved study design with repeated exposure to fear appeals on cigarett

  9. 43 CFR 2.32 - How long does DOI have to respond to my appeal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How long does DOI have to respond to my appeal? 2.32 Section 2.32 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior RECORDS AND TESTIMONY; FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT FOIA Appeals § 2.32 How long does DOI have to respond to my appeal?...

  10. 20 CFR 10.626 - Who has jurisdiction of cases on appeal to the ECAB?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who has jurisdiction of cases on appeal to....626 Who has jurisdiction of cases on appeal to the ECAB? While a case is on appeal to the ECAB, OWCP has no jurisdiction over the claim with respect to issues which directly relate to the issue or...

  11. 27 CFR 13.101 - Appeals concerning use of the term “organic.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Agencies' Rules § 13.101 Appeals concerning use of the term “organic.” To appeal a determination that an organic claim on a label does not comply with the National Organic Program rules in 7 CFR part 205... Department of Agriculture. See the NOP appeal process in 7 CFR 205.680....

  12. 33 CFR Appendix A to Part 331 - Administrative Appeal Process for Permit Denials and Proffered Permits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative Appeal Process for... ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ADMINISTRATIVE APPEAL PROCESS Pt. 331, App. A Appendix A to Part 331—Administrative Appeal Process for Permit Denials and Proffered Permits ER28MR00.000...

  13. 33 CFR Appendix C to Part 331 - Administrative Appeal Process for Approved Jurisdictional Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative Appeal Process for... ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ADMINISTRATIVE APPEAL PROCESS Pt. 331, App. C Appendix C to Part 331—Administrative Appeal Process for Approved Jurisdictional Determinations...

  14. 29 CFR 1610.11 - Appeals to the Legal Counsel from initial denials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... decision on an appeal for that period of time which could have been claimed and consumed by the Legal... right to appeal to the Legal Counsel from the decision on remand. ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeals to the Legal Counsel from initial denials....

  15. 36 CFR 1250.76 - May I email my FOIA appeal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I email my FOIA appeal... email my FOIA appeal? Yes, you may submit a FOIA appeal via email to http://www.archives.gov/global_pages/inquire_form.html. You must put the words “FOIA Appeal” in the subject line of your email...

  16. 36 CFR 1256.26 - When can I appeal decisions about access to Federal archival records?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 1250, subpart D, Appeals. (b) For information on filing appeals for requests made under... about access to Federal archival records? 1256.26 Section 1256.26 Parks, Forests, and Public Property... HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Federal Archival Records § 1256.26 When can I appeal decisions about access...

  17. 8 CFR 1003.2 - Reopening or reconsideration before the Board of Immigration Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Board of Immigration Appeals. 1003.2 Section 1003.2 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Board of Immigration Appeals § 1003.2 Reopening or reconsideration before the Board of Immigration Appeals. (a)...

  18. 12 CFR 268.401 - Appeals to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeals to the Equal Employment Opportunity... OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RULES REGARDING EQUAL OPPORTUNITY Appeals to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission § 268.401 Appeals to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (a) A complainant...

  19. 78 FR 68422 - Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) Actions (Formerly Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) Actions (Formerly Board of Patent... United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), as part of its continuing efforts to reduce paperwork... Patent and Trademark Office, P.O. Box 1450, Alexandria, VA 22313-1450. Federal Rulemaking Portal:...

  20. Affect Intensity: An Individual Difference Response to Advertising Appeals.

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, David J.; Harris, William D; Chen, Hong C

    1995-01-01

    The Affect Intensity Measurement (AIM) scale assesses the strength of the emotions with which individuals respond to an affect-laden stimulus. This study investigated the extent to which individual differences in affect intensity influence the message recipient's responses to emotional advertising appeals. In two experiments high affect intensity individuals, compared with those who scored low on the AIM scale, (1) manifested significantly stronger emotional responses to the emotional adverti...

  1. Religious appeals in the popular presentation of cosmology

    OpenAIRE

    Guarino, Michael J.

    1996-01-01

    This thesis explores the use of religious language, metaphors, and images in the popular presentation of cosmology. Specifically looking at books written by cosmologists and intended for a lay audience, I argue that these religious appeals present a particular model, or picture, of cosmology to the public. Through the religious language, metaphors, and images, the texts create scientific-religious imagery which gives cosmology and cosmologists religious functions (e.g., ...

  2. 42 CFR 422.626 - Fast-track appeals of service terminations to independent review entities (IREs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the enrollee has filed a request for a fast-track appeal, and of the MA organization's responsibility... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fast-track appeals of service terminations to... Grievances, Organization Determinations and Appeals § 422.626 Fast-track appeals of service terminations...

  3. 76 FR 62694 - Appeal of Decisions Relating to Occupancy or Use of National Forest System Lands and Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... appeal rule at 36 CFR part 251, subpart C (54 FR 3362) (the 251 Appeal Rule). The 251 Appeal Rule set... Forest Service 36 CFR Parts 212, 214, 215, 218, 222, 228, 241, 251, 254, and 292 RIN 0596--AB45 Appeal of Decisions Relating to Occupancy or Use of National Forest System Lands and Resources AGENCY: USDA,...

  4. 20 CFR 401.70 - Appeals of refusals to correct records or refusals to allow access to records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... explaining the decision on your appeal. The time limit for making our decision after we receive your appeal... notice of the decision on your appeal will explain your right to have the matter reviewed in a Federal... to appeal decisions made by SSA under the Privacy Act concerning your request for correction of...

  5. When the going gets tough the beautiful get going: aesthetic appeal facilitates task performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reppa, Irene; McDougall, Siné

    2015-10-01

    The current studies examined the effect of aesthetic appeal on performance. According to one hypothesis, appeal would lead to overall decrements or enhancements in performance [e.g. Sonderegger & Sauer, (Applied Ergonomics, 41, 403-410, 2010)]. Alternatively, appeal might influence performance only in problem situations, such as when the task is difficult [e.g. Norman, (2004)]. The predictions of these hypotheses were examined in the context of an icon search-and-localisation task. Icons were used because they are well-defined stimuli and pervasive to modern everyday life. When search was made difficult using visually complex stimuli (Experiment 1), or abstract and unfamiliar stimuli (Experiment 2), icons that were appealing were found more quickly than their unappealing counterparts. These findings show that in a low-level visual processing task, with demand characteristics related to appeal eliminated, appeal can influence performance, especially under duress. PMID:25595208

  6. Evolution in the usage of localised appeals in Japanese and American print advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Okazaki, Shintaro; Mueller, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Based on global consumer culture theory, this empirical investigation examines how the usage of local appeals in Japanese and American advertising content has shifted over a period of nearly three decades. It replicates and improves upon Mueller’s investigation (Journal of Advertising Research, 1987, 27(3)). Content analysis determined the existence or absence of five traditionally Japanese appeals vs five traditionally Western appeals in 2005 issues of women’s, general interes...

  7. A Psychophysiological Study of Processing HIV/AIDS Public Service Announcements: The Effects of Novelty Appeals, Sexual Appeals, Narrative Versus Statistical Evidence, and Viewer's Sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jueman Mandy; Chen, Gina Masullo; Chock, T Makana; Wang, Yi; Ni, Liqiang; Schweisberger, Valarie

    2016-07-01

    This study used self-reports and physiological measures-heart rate (HR) and skin conductance level (SCL)-to examine the effects of novelty appeals, sexual appeals, narrative versus statistical evidence, and viewer's sex on cognitive and emotional processing of HIV/AIDS public service announcements (PSAs) among heterosexually active single college students. Novelty or sexual appeals differently affected self-reported attention and cognitive effort as measured by HR. High- rather than low-novelty HIV/AIDS PSAs, perceived as more attention-eliciting, did not lead to more cognitive effort. High- rather than low-sex HIV/AIDS PSAs, not perceived as more attention-eliciting, led to more cognitive effort as reflected by greater HR deceleration. Novelty or sexual appeals also affected self-reported emotional arousal and SCL differently. HIV/AIDS PSAs with high rather than low levels of novelty or sexual appeals led to greater self-reported arousal, but not greater SCL. Message evidence interacted with message appeals to affect cognitive effort. Participants exerted greater cognitive effort during high- rather than low-novelty narrative HIV/AIDS PSAs, and during low- rather than high-novelty statistical ones. The advantage of high over low sexual appeals was more obvious in statistical than in narrative HIV/AIDS PSAs. Males reported greater emotional arousal than females during high- rather than low-sex HIV/AIDS PSAs. PMID:26642917

  8. Causal and Epistemic Relevance in Appeals to Authority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastiano Lommi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Appeals to authority have a long tradition in the history of argumentation theory. During the Middle Age they were considered legitimate and sound arguments, but after Locke’s treatment in the Essay Concerning Human Understanding their legitimacy has come under question. Traditionally, arguments from authority were considered informal arguments, but since the important work of Charles Hamblin (Hamblin, 1970 many attempts to provide a form for them have been done. The most convincing of them is the presumptive form developed by Douglas Walton and John Woods (Woods, Walton, 1974 that aims at taking into account the relevant contextual aspects in assessing the provisional validity of an appeal to authority. The soundness of an appeal depends on its meeting the adequacy conditions set to scrutinize all the relevant questions. I want to claim that this approach is compatible with the analysis of arguments in terms of relevance advanced by David Hitchcock (Hitchcock, 1992. He claims that relevance is a triadic relation between two items and a context. The first item is relevant to the second one in a given context. Different types of relevance relation exist, namely causal relevance and epistemic relevance. “Something is [causally] relevant to an outcome in a given situation if it helps to cause that outcome in the situation” (Hitchcock, 1992, p. 253, whereas it is epistemically relevant when it helps to achieve an epistemic goal in a given situation. I claim that we can adapt this conception to Walton and Krabbe’s theory of dialogue type (Walton, Krabbe, 1995, seeing the items of a relevance relation as the argument and its consequence and the context as the type of dialogue in which these arguments are advanced. According to this perspective, an argument from authority that meets the adequacy conditions has to be considered legitimate because it is an epistemically relevant relation. Therefore, my conclusion is that an analysis of appeals to

  9. Project risk and appeals in U.S. Forest Service planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requires U.S. Forest Service planning processes to be conducted by interdisciplinary teams of resource specialists to analyze and disclose the likely environmental impacts of proposed natural resource management actions on Forest Service lands. Multiple challenges associated with these processes have been a source of frustration for the agency. One of these challenges involves administrative appeals through which public entities can challenge a Forest Service decision following a NEPA process. These appeals instigate an internal review process and can result in an affirmation of the Forest Service decision, a reversal of that decision, or additional work that re-initiates all or part of the NEPA process. We examine the best predictors of appeals and their outcomes on a representative sample of 489 Forest Service NEPA processes that were decided between 2007 and 2009. While certain factors associated with pre-existing social contexts (such as a history of controversy) or pre-determined elements of a proposed action (such as the extraction of forest products) predispose certain processes to a higher risk of appeals, other practices and process-related strategies within the control of the agency also appear to bear meaningful influence on the occurrence of appeals and their outcomes. Appeals and their outcomes were most strongly related to programmatic, structural (turnover of personnel in particular), and relationship risks (both internal and external) within the processes, suggesting the need for greater focus within the agency on cultivating positive internal and external relationships to manage the risk of appeals. -- Highlights: ► We examined appeals and their outcomes on 489 U.S. Forest Service NEPA processes. ► Project type, context, team turnover, and personal relationships predicted appeals. ► External relationship management and staff turnover best predicted appeal outcomes. ► Positive internal and

  10. Appeal in nuclear power proceedings dismissed on the grounds of expiration of the period for lodging an appeal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In its decision of November 18, 1980 - No. 22 B 80 a 796 - the Administrative Court of Bavaria dismissed the appeal lodged against the dismissal of the Administrative Court of Regensburg handed down on March 19, 1980. The complainants had filed a declaratory action concerning the nullity of the licence granted for the Niederaischbach reactor, and for the Isar reactor at Ohu. Their actions were dismissed with costs on the grounds of lacking interest in the declaration - the complainants live a few hundred kilometers away from the sites of the nuclear power plants. The decision of the Administrative Court of Bavaria is based on the fact that the period for lodging appeals had expired. (Exept for the changed decision on costs) the decision of the Administrative Court of Regensburg has become final. The value in litigation of a declaratory action of nullity filed by a private person who denounces the violation of his basic right to life and to inviolability of his person is generally to be assessed at DM 10.000. In case of several complaints filed by different complainants, the subject value of the individual complaints are to be added according to Sect. 5 of the Code of Civil Procedure (ZPO). (orig./HSCH)

  11. PERSUASIVENESS OF ONLINE ADVERTISEMENT WITH FEAR APPEALS: THE INFLUENCE OF SELF-REGULATORY FOCUS AND INVOLVEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Chih-Chien Wang; Hsien-Tung Tsai; Ming-Chian Lee

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the influence of self-regulatory focus on the persuasiveness of online advertisement having fear appeals. The empirical survey results of 170 voluntary participants revealed that content with fear appeals could be used to persuade audiences with self-regulatory prevention focus.

  12. 16 CFR 1018.29 - Appeals under the Freedom of Information Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Information Act (16 CFR part 1015). ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeals under the Freedom of Information Act... COMMITTEE MANAGEMENT Operation of Advisory Committees § 1018.29 Appeals under the Freedom of Information...

  13. Effects of Fear Appeals on Communicating Potential Health Risks of Unregulated Dietary Supplements to College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyang-Sook; Sheffield, Donna; Almutairi, Talal

    2014-01-01

    Background: Fear appeals are commonly used in health communication to reduce risk. It is not clear, however, whether familiarity with a health topic can lessen the threat intended. The use of unregulated dietary supplements among young adults is one such area that needs study. Purpose: The study examined the effect of fear appeals on…

  14. An Appeals System for Fines Received by Adolescents in a Token Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Robert P.; Cosgrove, Jean M.

    1989-01-01

    Describes system wherein adolescents participating in token economy at state hospital could appeal fines received from staff. Although almost half of fines were upheld by review board, complaints of unfairness from adolescents and denials of responsibility declined drastically. Number of residents appealing fines fell from four per week to less…

  15. 22 CFR 521.39 - Appeal to the Broadcasting Board of Governors Director.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Appeal to the Broadcasting Board of Governors Director. 521.39 Section 521.39 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 521.39 Appeal to the Broadcasting Board of Governors Director. (a)...

  16. 25 CFR 224.184 - How do other administrative appeals processes apply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... administrative appeals process in 25 CFR part 2 and 43 CFR part 4 are modified, only as they apply to appeals under this part, as set forth in this section. (a) The definition of interested party in 25 CFR part 2 and as incorporated in 43 CFR part 4 does not apply to this part. (b) The right of persons or...

  17. 13 CFR 134.705 - What are the requirements for an appeal petition?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What are the requirements for an appeal petition? 134.705 Section 134.705 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... Appeals From Women-Owned Small Business Concern (WOSB) and Economically Disadvantaged WOSB Concern...

  18. 19 CFR 123.74 - Notice of selection; appeal of determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of selection; appeal of determination. 123.74 Section 123.74 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO Land Border Carrier Initiative Program § 123.74 Notice of selection; appeal...

  19. 19 CFR 123.75 - Notice of revocation; appeal of decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of revocation; appeal of decision. 123.75 Section 123.75 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO Land Border Carrier Initiative Program § 123.75 Notice of revocation; appeal...

  20. 12 CFR 308.538 - Appeal to the Board of Directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeal to the Board of Directors. 308.538... Board of Directors. (a) Any defendant who has filed a timely answer and who is determined in an initial decision to be liable for a civil penalty or assessment may appeal such decision to the Board by filing...

  1. 20 CFR 725.481 - Right to appeal to the Benefits Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right to appeal to the Benefits Review Board... Benefits Review Board. Any party dissatisfied with a decision and order issued by an administrative law... the Benefits Review Board. A notice of appeal shall be filed with the Board. Proceedings before...

  2. 42 CFR 442.40 - Availability of FFP during appeals for ICFs/MR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Availability of FFP during appeals for ICFs/MR. 442... appeals for ICFs/MR. (a) Definitions. As used in this section— Effective date of expiration means the date... an ICF/MR after its provider agreement has been terminated or has expired and not been renewed....

  3. 77 FR 39346 - Proposed Information Collection (Statement of Accredited Representative in Appealed Case, VA Form...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-02

    ... Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20420 or email Sue.Hamlin@mail.va.gov . Please refer to... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Statement of Accredited Representative in Appealed Case, VA Form... Affairs. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Board of Veterans' Appeals (BVA), Department of Veterans Affairs...

  4. PERSUASIVENESS OF ONLINE ADVERTISEMENT WITH FEAR APPEALS: THE INFLUENCE OF SELF-REGULATORY FOCUS AND INVOLVEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Chien Wang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the influence of self-regulatory focus on the persuasiveness of online advertisement having fear appeals. The empirical survey results of 170 voluntary participants revealed that content with fear appeals could be used to persuade audiences with self-regulatory prevention focus.

  5. 25 CFR 2.19 - Action by Area Directors and Education Programs officials on appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...—Indian Affairs/Director (Indian Education Programs) shall render written decisions in all cases appealed... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Action by Area Directors and Education Programs officials... AND PRACTICE APPEALS FROM ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS § 2.19 Action by Area Directors and...

  6. 31 CFR 10.77 - Appeal of decision of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... decision of Administrative Law Judge. (a) Appeal. Any party to the proceeding under this subpart D may file an appeal of the decision of the Administrative Law Judge with the Secretary of the Treasury, or... Law Judge. 10.77 Section 10.77 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the...

  7. 5 CFR 362.208 - Resignation, termination, reduction in force, and appeal rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Resignation, termination, reduction in force, and appeal rights. 362.208 Section 362.208 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL... Resignation, termination, reduction in force, and appeal rights. (a) Resignation. A Fellow or Senior...

  8. 77 FR 3843 - Agency Information Collection (Board of Veterans' Appeals Customer Satisfaction With Hearing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Board of Veterans' Appeals Customer Satisfaction With Hearing... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Title: Board of Veterans' Appeals Customer Satisfaction with Hearing Survey, VA Form 0745. OMB Control Number: 2900-0548. Type of Review: Extension of...

  9. 76 FR 70827 - Proposed Information Collection (Board of Veterans' Appeals Customer Satisfaction With Hearing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Board of Veterans' Appeals Customer Satisfaction With Hearing... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Title: Board of Veterans' Appeals Customer Satisfaction with Hearing Survey Card, VA Form 0745. OMB Control Number: 2900-0548. Type of Review:...

  10. 42 CFR 405.1016 - Time frames for deciding an appeal before an ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Time frames for deciding an appeal before an ALJ. 405.1016 Section 405.1016 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH... Time frames for deciding an appeal before an ALJ. (a) When a request for an ALJ hearing is filed...

  11. The Scare Tactic: Do Fear Appeals Predict Motivation and Exam Scores?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putwain, David; Remedios, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Prior to high-stakes exams, teachers use persuasive messages that highlight to students the possible consequences of failure. Such messages are known as fear appeals. This study examined whether fear appeals relate to self- and non-self-determined motivation and academic performance. Data were collected in 3 waves. Self-report data pertaining to…

  12. 43 CFR 35.39 - Appeal to the Secretary of the Interior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appeal to the Secretary of the Interior. 35.39 Section 35.39 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS AND STATEMENTS § 35.39 Appeal to the Secretary of the Interior. (a)...

  13. 77 FR 56742 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Bid Protest and Appeal Authorities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Bid Protest and Appeal Authorities AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD... Regulation (FAR) to address bid protest and appeal authorities. DATES: Effective Date: September 13, 2012.... Background Protests are addressed at FAR subpart 33.1, and contract disputes are addressed at FAR subpart...

  14. The Influence of Sex and Violence on the Appeal of Rock Music Videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Christine Hall; Hansen, Ranald D.

    1990-01-01

    Examines the effects of sex and violence in rock music videos on viewers to determine the appeal of and emotional responses to the videos. Finds that videos containing the highest level of sex were judged most appealing and resulted in more positive moods. Finds also that viewers did not enjoy violent videos. (KEH)

  15. New awareness campaign increases appeal of family planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    This article examines the impact of the campaign known as "Bringing New Marital and Reproductive Styles into Tens of Thousands of Households" on family planning in China. The awareness campaign, which started in October 1998, was established to increase the effectiveness of family planning and introduce progressive lifestyles among the population through an interactive and service-oriented approach focusing on the needs of human beings. The program emphasizes the following elements: 1) late marriage; 2) late childbirth; 3) fewer childbirth; 4) gender equality; 5) male participation in family planning; 6) dissemination of family planning and reproductive health knowledge; 7) healthier births and quality of education; 8) enhanced self-care capabilities; 9) higher quality of life; and 10) healthier lifestyles. A face-to-face approach was used to encourage public participation and increase the appeal of family planning programs to ordinary people. Efforts are also being made to expose rural residents to new ideas and lifestyles. PMID:12319745

  16. The Effects of Direct Mail Appeals on Awareness, Readership, and Cognitive Response Content in a Community Heart Health Campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loken, Barbara; And Others

    A study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of direct mail appeals in a heart health campaign and to explore the effects of three appeal types (positive, negative, and informational) on knowledge levels and behavior patterns. Seven-hundred fifty randomly selected households were mailed brochures representing one of the three appeal types.…

  17. Challenge to innovative technologies and the expected market appeal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This section describes the future of fusion energy in terms of its impact on the global energy supply and global warming mitigation, the possible entry scenarios of fusion into future energy market, and innovative technologies for deploying and expanding fusion's share in the market. Section 5.1 shows that fusion energy can contribute to the stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentration if fusion is introduced into the future energy market at a competitive price. Considerations regarding fusion's entry scenarios into the energy market are presented in Sec. 5.2, suggesting that fusion should replace fossil energy sources and thus contribute to global warming mitigation. In this sense, first generation fusion power plants should be a viable energy source with global appeal and be so attractive as to employed in developing countries rather than in developed countries. Favorable factors lending to this purpose are fusion's stability as a power source, and its security, safety, and environmental friendliness as well as its cost-electricity. The requirements for core plasma to expand the share of fusion in the market in the latter half of this century are given in Sec. 5.3, pointing out the importance of high beta access with low aspect ratio and plasma profile control. From this same point of view, innovative fusion technologies worthy of further development are commented on in Sec. 5.4, addressing the high temperature blanket, hydrogen production, high temperature superconductors, and hot cell maintenance. (author)

  18. On being responsible: ethical issues in appeals to personal responsibility in health campaigns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guttman, N; Ressler, W H

    2001-01-01

    Appeals to personal responsibility are highly prevalent in health communication campaigns, but their use entails both moral and strategic considerations. This article provides an overview of the notion of personal responsibility as a persuasive appeal in public health communication campaigns and an analysis of concomitant ethical implications. Whereas the issue of responsibility often is acknowledged by practitioners and scholars as a perennial challenge in health interventions, conceptual tools for the identification of its subtle manifestations are not readily available. This article outlines a framework that contextualizes potentially paradoxical consequences of campaign appeals to personal responsibility that can be explained by the medieval allegory of the "Tragedy of the Commons," psychological attribution theory, and public health concerns regarding "blaming the victim." Practice-oriented questions are introduced to help identify ethical issues in personal responsibility appeals that can be utilized in the design and implementation of health campaigns. PMID:11405077

  19. An appeal to humanity: legal victory in favour of North America's only supervised injection facility: Insite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Small Dan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Canada's federal government has once again failed to shut North America's only authorized supervised injection facility: Insite. A majority ruling issued by the BC Court of Appeal on 15 January 2010 upheld an earlier British Columbia Supreme Court ruling in 2008 that protected the rights of injection drug users (IDUs to access Insite as a health facility as per the Charter of Rights and Freedoms component of the Constitution of Canada. The majority decision from Honourable Madam Justices Rowles, Huddart and Smith also established a jurisdictional victory safeguarding Insite as most appropriately run under the authority of the province of British Columbia rather than the federal Government of Canada. The Federal Government has appealed the case to the Supreme Court of Canada. A hearing date has been set for 12 May 2011. The appeal will be a legal one but even more so, it will be an appeal to humanity.

  20. 27 CFR 13.26 - Decision after appeal of qualification or denial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING PROCEEDINGS Applications § 13.26 Decision... denied. If an applicant requests an informal conference as part of an appeal, as authorized in §...

  1. The Online Bingo Boom in the UK: A Qualitative Examination of Its Appeal

    OpenAIRE

    Stead, Martine; Dobbie, Fiona; Angus, Kathryn; Purves, Richard I.; Reith, Gerda; MacDonald, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Online bingo has seen significant growth in recent years. This study sought to increase understanding of this growth by exploring the appeal of online bingo. Our aim was to examine the content of ten online bingo websites in the UK and analyse a qualitative secondary dataset of 12 female bingo players to investigate the appeal of online bingo. Using two distinct data sources allowed us to assess how the key messages online websites are trying to convey compare with actual players’ motivation ...

  2. Need for Cognition as Determinant of Response to Rational and Emotional Ad Appeals

    OpenAIRE

    Richa Agrawal; Vinay Patangia

    2005-01-01

    Advertising communications are one way, they are also impersonal and receivers are not obliged to listen or even pretend to as they would in a personal exchange. They are free to ignore the message, remember it, or forget it as they please. This makes it imperative for advertisers to create messages that will intrude on the consumers' perceptual defences. Advertising hence, by necessity, must use powerful emotional and rational ad appeals to be noticed. While rational appeals would go down we...

  3. The Online Bingo Boom in the UK: A Qualitative Examination of Its Appeal

    OpenAIRE

    Martine Stead; Fiona Dobbie; Kathryn Angus; Purves, Richard I.; Gerda Reith; Laura Macdonald

    2016-01-01

    Online bingo has seen significant growth in recent years. This study sought to increase understanding of this growth by exploring the appeal of online bingo. Our aim was to examine the content of ten online bingo websites in the UK and analyse a qualitative secondary dataset of 12 female bingo players to investigate the appeal of online bingo. Using two distinct data sources allowed us to assess how the key messages online websites are trying to convey compare with actual players' motivation ...

  4. [Comment on the ruling about the appeal against the Directive on biotechnological inventions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernando Magarzo, M R

    2001-01-01

    The author examines the content of the European Court of Justice ruling which dismisses the appeal lodged by the Netherlands against Directive 98/44 concerning the legal protection of biotechnological inventions. The main grounds for the appeal were as follows: inappropriate choice of points of law; breach of the principle of subsidiarity; violation of the principle of legal certainty; breach of International Law obligations; undermining of human dignity; breach of the principle of collegiality. PMID:11921884

  5. STUDY ON METHODS OF SOLVING AN ADMINISTRATIVE APPEALS AGAINST TAX ACT

    OpenAIRE

    Valentina Ţugui

    2011-01-01

    Administrative appeal shows a particular utility is a filter in that procedure, and so loaded that release role of administrative courts. The decision that the complaint is resolved takes the form of an administrative act which has the legal nature of a unilateral administrative act (of authority) of individual. How to deal with a dispute will be illustrated from a real situation on the appeal against the decision to impose additional tax payment obligations established by the tax.

  6. The effects of repeated exposure to graphic fear appeals on cigarette packages: A field experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijkstra, Arie; Bos, Colin

    2015-03-01

    Experimental studies on the effects of graphic fear appeals on cigarette packages typically expose smokers in a single session to a fear appeal, although in practice the exposure is always repeated. The present study applied an improved study design with repeated exposure to fear appeals on cigarette packages. In this field-experiment, 118 smokers were assigned to 1 of 2 conditions with either graphic fear appeals or textual warnings on their cigarette packages. During 3 weeks, fear and disgust were assessed 6 times. The intention to quit smoking after 3 weeks and quitting activity during the 3 weeks were the dependent measures. The effects of 3 pretest individual difference moderators were tested: disengagement beliefs, number of cigarettes smoked a day, and readiness to quit. Three weeks of exposure to the graphic fear appeals led to a stronger intention to quit, but only when smokers scored low on disengagement beliefs, or were heavier smokers. In addition, smokers low in disengagement more often reported to have cut down on smoking in the graphic condition. There were no indications of habituation of fear and disgust over the 3 weeks. The effects of graphic fear appeals depended on smokers' characteristics: The moderators may explain the mixed findings in the literature. The lack of habituation may be caused by the renewal of the graphics every few days. The used field-experimental design with natural repeated exposure to graphics is promising. PMID:25621418

  7. Non Castigat Ridendo Mores: evaluating the effectiveness of humor appeal in printed advertisements for HIV/AIDS prevention in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soscia, Isabella; Turrini, Alex; Tanzi, Emilio

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates the effects of different emotional appeals in HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns using printed advertisements. More specifically, it examines the effectiveness of humor appeal compared with shock and fear appeals. The authors experimentally test the level of attention drawn and the spontaneous recall arising when young Italian adults are shown different HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns. Findings show that humor appeals are less effective than fear and shock appeals, evidencing the failures in HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns in Italy, a country where the former communication strategy has been used in substantive ways. The results also indicate the higher effectiveness of fear appeals (over shock and humor) in printed HIV/AIDS advertising campaigns. The implications of these results for further studies and for improving the design, implementation, and evaluation of HIV/AIDS campaign efforts are also discussed. PMID:22694065

  8. The role of effective advertising appeals in generating approach behavior in consumers -DMP-Linnanmäki

    OpenAIRE

    Tynkkynen, Heidi

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to develop an understanding on how advertising appeals influence consumers' behavior and to examine which types of advertising appeals are the most effective in generating approach behavior in consumers. Thereby this study attempted to provide insight into improving the effectiveness of advertising. The study compared the effect that an informational, an emotional, a transformational appeal and an interactive element embedded in an advertisement ...

  9. [Rational and emotional appeals in prescription drug advertising: study of a weight loss drug].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huertas, Melby Karina Zuniga; Campomar, Marcos Cortez

    2008-04-01

    The Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) advertising of medicines encourages people to ask doctors for certain medicines and treatments that require medical prescription. In order to enhance their persuasive power, advertising models recommend matching the appeals (rational and/or emotional) to the consumer's attitude (cognitive and/ or affective) towards the product. This recommendation leads to controversies in the context of DTC advertising. Emotional appeals, although frequently used, would always be inadequate in that kind of advertising. In absence of empiric evidence of the consumer's perspective, a descriptive research was undertaken with the objective of evaluating: i) the components of the attitude toward medicines; ii) attitude and behavioral intentions in response to DTC ads (one appealing to reason and the other appealing to emotion). A prescription weight loss drug was chosen for this purpose. The results revealed a predominantly cognitive attitude toward the product and an attitude and behavioral intention more favorable to the rational ad. Negative cognition about the product played an outstanding role canceling the persuasive power of emotional appeals. PMID:21936169

  10. Conference on abuse liability and appeal of tobacco products: conclusions and recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henningfield, Jack E; Hatsukami, Dorothy K; Zeller, Mitch; Peters, Ellen

    2011-07-01

    The rate of initiation and progression to dependence and premature mortality are higher for tobacco products than for any other dependence producing substance. This is not explained simply by the addictiveness ("abuse liability") or by enticing product designs ("product appeal") alone, but rather by both of these factors in combination with marketing and social influences that also influence "product appeal". A working meeting of leading experts in abuse liability (AL) and product appeal was convened to examine how these disciplines could be more effectively applied to the evaluation of tobacco products for the purposes of regulation that would include setting standards for designs and contents intended to reduce the risk of initiation and dependence. It was concluded that abuse liability assessment (ALA) is a validated approach to testing pharmaceutical products but has not been extensively applied to tobacco products: such application has demonstrated feasibility, but special challenges include the diverse range of products, product complexity, and the absence of satisfactory placebo products. Consumer testing for product appeal is widely used by consumer product marketers as well as by researchers in their efforts to understand consumer product preferences and use but has not been extensively applied to tobacco products except by the tobacco industry. Recommendations for testing, methods development, and research were developed. A major recommendation was that tobacco products should be tested for AL and product appeal, and the results integrated and evaluated so as to more accurately predict risk of initiation, dependence, and persistence of use. PMID:21376479

  11. Influence of Advertising Appeals and Personality on Telecoms Consumption Preferences in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barnabas E. Nwankwo

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This research purposely studied the influence of advertising appeals and consumer personality on telecoms consumption preferences, using MTN telecoms service as the product of study and 150 participants from Enugu metropolis and Agbani, Enugu state, Nigeria; age range of 16 to 35 years with a mean age of 23 years and standard deviation of 3. The research was empirically tested, using a two-way ANOVA (F-test for the analysis, with the purpose of finding out if there will be an influence of advertising appeals and consumer personality on telecoms consumption preferences and if there will be any interaction effect. The findings are as follows; there was a significant influence of advertising appeals on telecoms consumption preferences; there was no significant influence of personality on telecoms consumption preferences, there was no significant influence of the interaction effect. Implication and limitations and recommendation were made for future research.

  12. F*** Yeah Fluid Dynamics: On science outreach and appealing to broad audiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, Nicole

    2015-11-01

    Sharing scientific research with general audiences is important for scientists both in terms of educating the public and in pursuing funding opportunities. But it's not always apparent how to make a big splash. Over the past five years, fluid dynamics outreach blog FYFD has published more than 1300 articles and gained an audience of over 215,000 readers. The site appeals to a wide spectrum of readers in both age and field of study. This talk will utilize five years' worth of site content and reader feedback to examine what makes science appealing to general audiences and suggest methods researchers can use to shape their work's broader impact.

  13. 20 CFR 667.650 - What procedures apply to the appeals of the Governor's imposition of sanctions for substantial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Governor's imposition of sanctions for substantial violations or performance failures by a local area? 667... State Appeals Processes § 667.650 What procedures apply to the appeals of the Governor's imposition of... been found in substantial violation of WIA title I, and has received notice from the Governor...

  14. 20 CFR 903.5 - Procedures for amendment of records regarding individual-format, agency review and appeal from...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... individual-format, agency review and appeal from initial adverse agency determination. 903.5 Section 903.5... Individuals § 903.5 Procedures for amendment of records regarding individual—format, agency review and appeal... agrees is not accurate, relevant, timely, or complete; or (ii) inform the individual of the refusal...

  15. 77 FR 60101 - Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and Publication of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... publication of the legal notice of the decision in the principal newspaper for both 36 CFR parts 215 and 217... Forest Service Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and... notice of decisions subject to administrative appeal in the legal notice section of the newspapers...

  16. 13 CFR 134.704 - What are the effects of the appeal on the procurement at issue?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What are the effects of the appeal on the procurement at issue? 134.704 Section 134.704 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS... Appeals From Women-Owned Small Business Concern (WOSB) and Economically Disadvantaged WOSB Concern...

  17. 40 CFR 33.211 - What is the process for appealing or challenging an EPA MBE or WBE certification determination?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... challenging an EPA MBE or WBE certification determination? 33.211 Section 33.211 Protection of Environment... process for appealing or challenging an EPA MBE or WBE certification determination? (a) An entity which has been denied MBE or WBE certification by EPA OSDBU under § 33.205 or § 33.209 may appeal...

  18. On the nature and properties of appeals used in direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, M B

    2000-04-01

    The past decade has seen a steady rise in expenditures for direct-to-consumer pharmaceutical advertising. While total revenues across all media are approaching the $1 billion dollar mark, surprisingly little is known about the effectiveness of these types of advertisements, including the appropriateness of various forms of emotional and informational appeal. A content analysis of direct-to-consumer advertising in 24 popular magazines shows that these advertisements are found in every category of magazine, the advertisements employ a mix of informational and emotional appeals, all types of emotional appeals are used, and to date, the type of appeal (emotional and/or informational) tends not to be based on the type of drug advertised. Implications of this content analysis are considered and directions for research on appeals used in direct-to-consumer advertising are suggested. PMID:10840918

  19. Differential Impact of Message Appeals, Food Healthiness, and Poverty Status on Evaluative Responses to Nutrient-Content Claimed Food Advertisements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Hojoon; Reid, Leonard N

    2015-01-01

    A 2 × 3 × 2 mixed factorial experimental design was used to examine how three message appeals (benefit-seeking vs. risk-avoidance vs. taste appeals), food healthiness (healthy vs. unhealthy foods), and consumer poverty status (poverty vs. nonpoverty groups) impact evaluative responses to nutrient-content claimed food advertisements. Subjects were partitioned into two groups, those below and those above the poverty line, and exposed to nutrient-content claimed advertisement treatments for healthy and unhealthy foods featuring the three appeals. The findings reaffirmed the interaction effects between perceivably healthy and unhealthy foods and different appeals reported in previous studies, and found interaction effects between consumer poverty level and response to the message appeals featured in the experimental food advertisements. Age, body mass index, current dieting status, education, and gender were examined as covariates. PMID:26147697

  20. Avatars with Sex Appeal as Pedagogical Agents: Attractiveness, Trustworthiness, Expertise, and Gender Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chih-Chien; Yeh, Wei-Jyh

    2013-01-01

    The study focused on the use of pedagogical agents with sex appeal in a computer-assisted learning environment. The study adopted a 2 (male/female) × 3 (demure/seductive/overtly sexual) experimental design. The primary analysis consisted of 2 parts: (a) comparing the impact of effective learning on students' perceptions of demure, seductive, or…

  1. 28 CFR 541.19 - Appeals from Unit Discipline Committee or Discipline Hearing Officer actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeals from Unit Discipline Committee or Discipline Hearing Officer actions. 541.19 Section 541.19 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT INMATE DISCIPLINE AND SPECIAL HOUSING UNITS Inmate...

  2. 4 CFR 22.3 - Appeals-How Taken [Rule 3].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Washington, DC, or on the next business day if received after 5:30 p.m. (c) Service of the appeal; copies. An... to the Board by hand delivery or commercial carrier within 2 business days of the e-mailed or... docketing to all parties, or their counsel, with a copy of these rules. (e) Consolidation. The Board, in...

  3. 7 CFR 1484.76 - Can a Cooperator appeal the determinations of the Deputy Administrator?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... proceeding. A transcript will not ordinarily be prepared unless the Cooperator bears the cost of a transcript... base the determination on appeal upon information contained in the administrative record and will.... The Cooperator must exhaust all administrative remedies contained in this section before...

  4. 7 CFR 1486.505 - Can a Recipient appeal the determinations of the Director, CRS?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... cost of the transcript; however, the Deputy Administrator or designee may have a transcript prepared at... determination on appeal upon information contained in the administrative record and will endeavor to make a... Recipient must exhaust all administrative remedies contained in this section before pursuing judicial...

  5. The Readership of Liquor Ads Employing Appeals to Affiliation, Achievement, and Product-Attributes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Leonard N.; And Others

    A study examined whether advertising appeals based on product affiliation, achievement, and attributes would account for differences in male readership of liquor advertisements. The investigation focused on the relationship between the content of alcholic beverage advertisements and attention engagement, the first state in consumer information…

  6. 42 CFR 405.1205 - Notifying beneficiaries of hospital discharge appeal rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notifying beneficiaries of hospital discharge... Expedited Determinations and Reconsiderations of Provider Service Terminations, and Procedures for Inpatient Hospital Discharges § 405.1205 Notifying beneficiaries of hospital discharge appeal rights....

  7. The Effects of Involvement, Message Appeal, and Viewing Conditions on Memory and Evaluation of TV Commercials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowak, Glen; Thorson, Esther

    A study tested an information processing model that incorporates the concepts of episodic and semantic memory. The model was designed to provide for the concurrent study of three advertising and communication variables: product involvement, message appeal, and distraction in viewing conditions. Among the five hypotheses being tested were that…

  8. 38 CFR 17.506 - Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure. 17.506 Section 17.506 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans... Records § 17.506 Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure. When a request... in part by the VA medical facility Director, Regional Director or Under Secretary for Health, the...

  9. 75 FR 8919 - Federal Consistency Appeal by Pan American Grain Co.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... the Puerto Rico Planning Board (Board) to the proposed improvement of port facilities located in San Juan Bay, Puerto Rico. DATES: Comments regarding this appeal or requests for a public hearing must be... for proposed improvements to its port facilities located in San Juan Bay, Puerto Rico. Under the...

  10. 7 CFR 900.66 - Consideration of appeal by the Secretary and issuance of final order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts... or To Be Exempted From Marketing Orders § 900.66 Consideration of appeal by the Secretary and... this section, a memorandum or other communication from any party, or from any person acting on...

  11. 45 CFR 5b.8 - Appeals of refusals to correct or amend records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Services Administration; Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration; Center for Disease Control... the Social Security Administration. (vi) Administrator, Social and Rehabilitation Service for the records of the Social and Rehabilitation Service. (2) An appeal will be completed within 30 working...

  12. 13 CFR 134.709 - When will a Judge dismiss an appeal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When will a Judge dismiss an appeal? 134.709 Section 134.709 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION RULES OF...-Owned Small Business Concern (WOSB) and Economically Disadvantaged WOSB Concern (EDWOSB) Protests §...

  13. 42 CFR 442.42 - FFP under a retroactive provider agreement following appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FFP under a retroactive provider agreement following appeal. 442.42 Section 442.42 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT... FACILITIES AND INTERMEDIATE CARE FACILITIES FOR THE MENTALLY RETARDED Provider Agreements § 442.42 FFP...

  14. 28 CFR 513.66 - Denials and appeals of Freedom of Information Act requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Denials and appeals of Freedom of Information Act requests. 513.66 Section 513.66 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION ACCESS TO RECORDS Release of Information Freedom of Information Act Requests for Information §...

  15. Image Advertisements for Alcohol Products: Is Their Appeal Associated with Adolescents' Intention to Consume Alcohol?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Kathleen J.; Edwards, Ruth W.

    1998-01-01

    Seeks to determine if adolescents who drink, or have intentions to drink, find image advertisements for alcohol more appealing than product advertisements. Results indicate that image advertising was preferred to product advertising, particularly by younger adolescents. Evidence of an association between preference for image advertisements and…

  16. Fear Appeals and College Students' Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions toward Global Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shu-Chu Sarrina

    2014-01-01

    This study used Witte's extended parallel process model to examine the relationships between the use of fear appeals and college students' attitudes and behavioral intentions toward global warming. A pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was adopted. Three hundred forty-one college students from six communication courses at two…

  17. 42 CFR 121.4 - OPTN policies: Secretarial review and appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false OPTN policies: Secretarial review and appeals. 121.4 Section 121.4 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT ORGAN PROCUREMENT AND TRANSPLANTATION NETWORK § 121.4 OPTN policies:...

  18. Reflections of Culture: An Analysis of Japanese and American Advertising Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Barbara

    A study examined the advertising of Japan and the United States to determine if commercial messages reflect the cultural values of a particular society, thereby indicating the need for specialized campaigns. It was hypothesized that the majority of Japanese advertisements would use the traditional appeals of group, consensus, soft sell, veneration…

  19. 17 CFR 201.440 - Appeal of determinations by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board. 201.440 Section 201.440 Commodity and Securities... and Commission Review § 201.440 Appeal of determinations by the Public Company Accounting Oversight....401(e) or upon its own motion. (d) Certification of the record; service of the index. Within...

  20. Exploring the emotional appeal of green and social Europe myths among pan-European Union organisations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynggaard, Kennet

    2018-01-01

    This paper aims to advance European integration research by exploring the emotional appeal of political myths in day-to-day EU politics with a special focus on the reception and reproduction of myths among pan-European Union non-governmental organisations. I investigate myths associated with ‘EUR...

  1. 7 CFR 247.35 - Local agency appeals of State agency actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Local agency appeals of State agency actions. 247.35 Section 247.35 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM §...

  2. 49 CFR 1515.9 - Appeal of security threat assessment based on other analyses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the applicant for an HME or TWIC poses a security threat as provided in 49 CFR 1572.107. (2) TSA had determined that an air cargo worker poses a security threat as provided in 49 CFR 1540.205. (3) TSA had... firms poses a security threat as provided in 49 CFR 1549.109. (b) Grounds for appeal. An applicant...

  3. 78 FR 54957 - Proposed Information Collection (Board of Veterans' Appeals, Voice of the Veteran Call Center...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-06

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Board of Veterans' Appeals, Voice of the Veteran Call Center... level of satisfaction with the VIO Call Center experience. In addition, the data will be used by the Board to make improvements to the VIO Call Center operational processes and service delivery, which...

  4. 78 FR 14746 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Small Business Protests and Appeals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... consistent with SBA's final rule published in the Federal Register at 76 FR 5680, dated February 2, 2011... and appeal eligibility decisions; SBA's interim final rule, published in the Federal Register at 77 FR... small business programs; and SBA's final rule published in the Federal Register at 76 FR 8222,...

  5. Sweet/dessert foods are more appealing to adolescents after sleep restriction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stacey L Simon

    Full Text Available Examine the effect of experimental sleep restriction (SR on adolescents' subjective hunger and perceived appeal of sweet/dessert foods versus other foods. A secondary goal was to replicate previous findings on the effects of SR on dietary intake.Randomized cross-over sleep restriction-extension paradigm.Sleep was obtained and monitored at home. Outcome measures were gathered during office visits.31 typically-developing adolescents aged 14-17 years.The three-week protocol consisted of a baseline week, followed randomly by five consecutive nights of SR (6.5 hours in bed versus healthy sleep duration (HS; 10 hours in bed, a 2-night wash-out period, and a 5-night cross-over.Sleep was monitored via actigraphy. The morning after each experimental condition, teens rated their hunger, underwent a 24-hour diet recall interview, and rated the appeal of a series of pictures of sweet/dessert foods (e.g., ice cream, candy and non-sweets (meat, eggs, fruits, vegetables.Teens rated pictures of sweet/dessert foods to be more appealing after SR than after HS (Cohen's d = .41, t = 2.07, p = .045. The sleep manipulation did not affect self-reported hunger or the appeal of non-sweet foods (p >.10. Consistent with our prior work, intake of overall calories was 11% higher and consumption of sweet/dessert servings was 52% greater during SR than HS.Adolescent SR appears to increase the subjective appeal of sweet/dessert foods, indicating a potential mechanism by which SR might contribute to weight gain and the risk for obesity and chronic illness.

  6. Finding theory- and evidence-based alternatives to fear appeals: Intervention Mapping

    OpenAIRE

    Kok, Gerjo; Bartholomew, L Kay; Parcel, Guy S.; Gottlieb, Nell H; Fernández, María E.

    2013-01-01

    Fear arousal—vividly showing people the negative health consequences of life-endangering behaviors—is popular as a method to raise awareness of risk behaviors and to change them into health-promoting behaviors. However, most data suggest that, under conditions of low efficacy, the resulting reaction will be defensive. Instead of applying fear appeals, health promoters should identify effective alternatives to fear arousal by carefully developing theory- and evidence-based programs. The Interv...

  7. Adolescents' responses to cigarette advertisements: links between exposure, liking, and the appeal of smoking

    OpenAIRE

    Arnett, J J; Terhanian, G.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To evaluate adolescents' responses to cigarette advertisements for different brands.
DESIGN—Adolescents were shown one print advertisement for each of five cigarette brands (Camel, Marlboro, Kool, Benson & Hedges, and Lucky Strike). They indicated on a structured questionnaire how many times they had seen the advertisement (or one almost like it), how much they liked it, whether or not they thought it made smoking more appealing, and whether or not it made them want to smoke cigaret...

  8. Straitjackets and flak jackets: the BBC, 'boundary work' and the failed 2009 DEC Appeal for Gaza

    OpenAIRE

    McCurdy, Patrick; Engelbert, Jiska

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThis article, which is part of larger research project, considers the justification discourse of BBC Executives following the public outrage over the BBC’s decision not to air the 2009 DEC Appeal for Gaza. The BBC’s justification is characterised by a recurrent conceptualisation of the humanitarian crisis in Gaza as embedded in an ‘ongoing news story’. The article analyses media interviews with BBC Executives together with relevant BBC documentation is applied to consider three af...

  9. There's something about Jena Malone: New insights into how celebrities appeal to consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Wohlfeil, Markus; Whelan, Susan

    2011-01-01

    Although the public demand for celebrities has grown so strong these days that they have without any doubt become an essential part of our everyday lives and contemporary market economy, the marketing literature has paid scant attention to them beyond their mere potential as product endorsers. Therefore, this paper explores how celebrities capture our attention and appeal to us personally. In doing so, it seeks to explain in particular how and why consumers become emotionally attached to one ...

  10. Conference on Abuse Liability and Appeal of Tobacco Products: Conclusions and Recommendations*

    OpenAIRE

    Henningfield, Jack E.; Hatsukami, Dorothy K.; Zeller, Mitch; Peters, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    The rate of initiation and progression to dependence and premature mortality are higher for tobacco products than for any other dependence producing substance. This is not explained simply by the addictiveness (“abuse liability”) or by enticing product designs (“product appeal”) alone, but rather by both of these factors in combination with marketing and social influences that also influence “product appeal”. A working meeting of leading experts in abuse liability (AL) and product appeal was ...

  11. Sibling power: influence of older siblings' persuasive appeals on younger siblings' judgements about risk taking behaviours.

    OpenAIRE

    Morrongiello, B. A.; Bradley, M. D.

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Although many injuries happen when school age children are away from home and in the company of other children, we know surprisingly little about interpersonal influences on children's risk taking decisions. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of older siblings' persuasive appeals on young children's decisions about engaging in behaviours that could threaten their physical safety. METHODS: Forty same sex sibling pairs participated. Children were shown drawing...

  12. Effects of self-relevant perspective-taking on the impact of persuasive appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Iris W; Wyer, Robert S

    2014-03-01

    Donation appeals often describe the situations that confront victims of misfortune and advertisements for consumer products often show people using the products being promoted. When people consider these messages from the perspective of the individuals described in them, they often imagine the reactions they would have if they personally experienced the situation described. When this occurs, they are likely to be influenced by the messages independently of the protagonists' characteristics. When recipients' attention is drawn to themselves, however, they compare themselves with the protagonists to determine whether the protagonists' actions or the situation described in the message have implications for their own behavior. This self-focused attention increases the impact of the message when they are similar to the protagonists, decreases its impact when they are moderately dissimilar, and has no effect at all when they are very dissimilar to the protagonists. Two experiments, in which participants' self-focused attention, the type of persuasive appeal (self-referential vs. impersonal), and protagonist-participant similarity were independently manipulated, confirmed these effects on the impact of both (a) an appeal for monetary donations to a charity and (b) a commercial advertisement. PMID:24311436

  13. An investigation into the influence that social and physical anti-smoking threat appeals have upon adolescent behavioural responses

    OpenAIRE

    Salhi, Riadh

    2015-01-01

    The application of social marketing is rising due to its ability to promote behavioural change. This has catalysed the implementation of threat appeals across the health domain. The prominence of including physical threats that aim to elicit a fearful response has prevailed throughout threat appeal research. This over reliance and limited research has provided an opportunity to explore how other content influence attitudes and intentions towards behaviour. To the best of my knowledge, no rese...

  14. An Experiment on the Effect of Sexual Appeal in Real Beer Advertising on Young Adults’ Purchase Intent and Attitude Towards Advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Lize Dias da Cunha; João Felipe Rammelt Sauerbronn

    2013-01-01

    The permanent presence of sexual information in Brazilian advertising, whether in the form of sexual behavior, use of attractive models, nudity, fetishism or promises of sexual satisfaction and intimacy, is not accompanied by the development of knowledge about the use of sexual appeals in national advertising. The present paper aims to advance the understanding of consumer perceptions about the sexual appeals used in real ads and investigate relationships between the use of sexual appeals in ...

  15. Terminal investment in the gustatory appeal of nuptial food gifts in crickets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffield, K R; Hunt, J; Rapkin, J; Sadd, B M; Sakaluk, S K

    2015-10-01

    Investment in current versus future reproduction represents a prominent trade-off in life-history theory and is likely dependent on an individual's life expectancy. The terminal investment hypothesis posits that a reduction in residual reproductive value (i.e. potential for future offspring) will result in increased investment in current reproduction. We tested the hypothesis that male decorated crickets (Gryllodes sigillatus), when cued to their impending mortality, should increase their reproductive effort by altering the composition of their nuptial food gifts (i.e. spermatophylaxes) to increase their gustatory appeal to females. Using a repeated-measures design, we analysed the amino acid composition of spermatophylaxes derived from males both before and after injection of either a saline control or a solution of heat-killed bacteria. The latter, although nonpathogenic, represents an immune challenge that may signal an impending survival threat. One principal component explaining amino acid variation in spermatophylaxes, characterized by a high loading to histidine, was significantly lower in immune-challenged versus control males. The relevance of this difference for the gustatory appeal of gifts to females was assessed by mapping spermatophylax composition onto a fitness surface derived in an earlier study identifying the amino acid composition of spermatophylaxes preferred by females. We found that immune-challenged males maintained the level of attractiveness of their gifts post-treatment, whereas control males produced significantly less attractive gifts post-injection. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that cues of a survival-threatening infection stimulate terminal investment in male decorated crickets with respect to the gustatory appeal of their nuptial food gifts. PMID:26201649

  16. Applying Fear Appeals Theory for Preventing Drug Abuse among Male High School Students in Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Witte

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Drug abuse is one of the complicated phenomenons in the human communities that it produces health problems. The effect of applying fear appeal message on attitudes and intention against drug abuse, drug resistance skills, knowledge about side effect of drugs and drug abuse related behaviors among male high school students was studied based on applying extended parallel process model as a theoretical framework. Materials & Methods: Two high schools were chosen from six state high schools as an intervention (n=86 and control (n=97 groups. Educational curriculum, that was designed, based on students’ educational needs, appealed students’ fear and recommended messages developed students' ability for resisting against drugs. Before intervention 5-6 students who were known as a favourite and leader of students, were selected by student’s opinion in each class as students' leaders. The each leader of the group had a coordinator and mediate role between his group and health educators. Henceforth a favourite teacher was chosen by students’ vote for helping health educators and participated in the educational intervention program.Results: The result showed that educational manipulation had significant effect on intervention group’s average response for intention (t= -4.03, p<0.000 and attitude against drug abuse (t= -6.19, p<0.000, peer resistance skills (t=-0.82, p<0.000, and knowledge (t= -10.88, p<0.000. In addition, it was not found positive urinary rapid immune-chromatography test for opium and marijuana in the intervention group whereas 6.3% in the control groups.Conclusion: This findings suggest that applying fear appeals theories and effective health risk message would be an efficient tool for preventing drug abuse education programs but further studies are needed to define function of EPPM as a effective model for creating social inoculation against drug abuse among non- drug expose adolescents.

  17. Advertising Appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Sandra K.

    The individualized learning package for secondary consumer education deals with consumer buying as influenced by advertising. The teacher's section of the package contains a statement of purpose and instructional objectives. Equipment and materials (specific textbooks, audiovisual aids, and sources for sample post-test advertisements) needed for…

  18. CASE LAW ON THE CRIME OF TORTURE FROM COURTS OF APPEAL IN BRAZIL (2005-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Gorete Marques de Jesus; Mayara de Souza Gomes; Nathercia Cristina Manzano Magnani; Paula Rodrigues Ramos; Vivian Calderoni

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the results from the research entitled Case law on the Crime of Torture from Courts of Appeal in Brazil (2005-2010), which collected data on the judgments of Brazilian appellate courts regarding lawsuits on the crime of torture. From this empirical material, it was possible to obtain information such as: the profile of the accused and the victim, the place of the torture, the purpose of the torture, the arguments that lead to the decision and the relationship between the d...

  19. Do Emotional Appeals in Public Service Advertisements Influence Adolescents' Intention to Reduce Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleakley, Amy; Jordan, Amy B; Hennessy, Michael; Glanz, Karen; Strasser, Andrew; Vaala, Sarah

    2015-08-01

    Mass media campaigns are a commonly used approach to reduce sugary drink consumption, which is linked to obesity in children and adolescents. The present study investigated the direct and mediated effects of emotional appeals in public service advertisements (PSAs) that aired between 2010 and 2012 on adolescents' intention to reduce their sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. An online randomized experiment was conducted with a national sample of adolescent respondents ages 13 to 17 years old (N = 805). Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 conditions. Three experimental conditions represented PSAs with different emotional appeals: humor, fear, and nurturance, plus a fourth control condition. The outcome was adolescents' intention to cut back on SSBs. The direct effect of fear appeals on intention was mediated through adolescents' perception of the PSAs' argument strength; perceived argument strength was also the key mediator for the indirect effects of humor and nurturance on intention. Several hypothesized mediators influenced by the appeals were not associated with intention. This is the first study to test the effect of persuasive emotional appeals used in SSB-related PSAs. The perceived strength of the PSAs' arguments is important to consider in the communication of messages designed to reduce SSB consumption. PMID:26054656

  20. IDEOLOGICAL MEDIA BIAS AND ADVERTISING: DIFFERENTIATION OF ADVERTISING APPEAL USAGE BETWEEN MAINSTREAM AND CONSERVATIVE ISLAMIC PRINT MEDIA IN TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muge ELDEN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study has the aim of determining whether there is a distinction in advertisements and their message appeal between those in the conservative Islamic media which have recently gained much popularity in Turkey and those in what can be thought of as the mainstream media. The research was carried out on 180 editions of the six different newspapers with the highest circulations in Turkey, three of which are conservative Islamic media and three represent the mainstream media. Content analysis was made of the advertisements in these newspapers and the appeal of the messages which they contained. In this way an answer was sought to the question of what kind of a connection there is between the ideological bias of the conservative Islamic and mainstream newspapers and the content of the advertisements which they include. 2793 advertisements are analyzed in the study and results of the content analysis showed that the advertising appeals preferred by advertisers varied according to the ideological bias of the newspaper in which the advertisement appeared. Advertisements with appeals more expressive of collective values were prevalent in newspapers with a conservative Islamic ideological bias, while the mainstream newspapers contained more advertisements with appeals which expressed individualistic values.

  1. THEORETICAL AND JURISPRUDENTIAL ASPECTS CONCERNING THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE COURT APPEAL ON POINTS OF LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius ANDREESCU

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The institution of the appeal on points of law has the role to ensure a unitary law interpretation and enforcing by the law courts. The legal nature of this procedure is determined not only by the civil and criminal normative dispositions that regulate it. In this study we bring arguments according to which this institution is of a constitutional nature, because according to the Constitution, the High Court of Cassation and Justice has the attribution to ensure the unitary interpretation of the law by the law courts. Thus are analyzed the constitutional nature consequences of this institution, the limits of compulsoriness of law interpretations given by the Supreme Court through the decisions ruled on this procedure, and also the relationship between the decisions of the Constitutional Court, respectively the decisions of the High Court of Cassation and Justice given for resolving the appeals on points of law. The recent jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court reveals new aspects regarding the possibility to verify the constitutionality of the decisions given in this matter.

  2. THEORETICAL AND JURISPRUDENTIAL ASPECTS CONCERNING THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE COURT APPEAL ON POINTS OF LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius ANDREESCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The institution of the appeal on points of law has the role to ensure a unitary law interpretation and enforcing by the law courts. The legal nature of this procedure is determined not only by the civil and criminal normative dispositions that regulate it. In this study we bring arguments according to which this institution is of a constitutional nature, because according to the Constitution, the High Court of Cassation and Justice has the attribution to ensure the unitary interpretation of the law by the law courts. Thus are analysed the constitutional nature consequences of this institution, the limits of compulsoriness of law interpretations given by the Supreme Court through the decisions ruled on this procedure, and also the relationship between the decisions of the Constitutional Court, respectively the decisions of the High Court of Cassation and Justice given for resolving the appeals on points of law. The recent jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court reveals new aspects regarding the possibility to verify the constitutionality of the decisions given in this matter.

  3. Legal requirements for human-health based appeals of wind energy projects in ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Albert M

    2014-01-01

    In 2009, the government of the province of Ontario, Canada passed new legislation to promote the development of renewable energy facilities, including wind energy facilities in the province. Throughout the legislative process, concerns were raised with respect to the effect of wind energy facilities on human health. Ultimately, the government established setbacks and sound level limits for wind energy facilities and provided Ontario residents with the right to appeal the approval of a wind energy facility on the ground that engaging in the facility in accordance with its approval will cause serious harm to human health. The first approval of a wind facility under the new legislation was issued in 2010 and since then, Ontario's Environmental Review Tribunal as well as Ontario's courts has been considering evidence proffered by appellants seeking revocation of approvals on the basis of serious harm to human health. To date, the evidence has been insufficient to support the revocation of a wind facility approval. This article reviews the legal basis for the dismissal of human-health based appeals. PMID:25520946

  4. Clarifying appeals to dignity in medical ethics from an historical perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Der Graaf, Rieke; Van Delden, Johannes Jm

    2009-03-01

    Over the past few decades the concept of (human) dignity has deeply pervaded medical ethics. Appeals to dignity, however, are often unclear. As a result some prefer to eliminate the concept from medical ethics, whereas others try to render it useful in this context. We think that appeals to dignity in medical ethics can be clarified by considering the concept from an historical perspective. Firstly, on the basis of historical texts we propose a framework for defining the concept in medical debates. The framework shows that dignity can occur in a relational, an unconditional, a subjective and a Kantian form. Interestingly, all forms relate to one concept since they have four features in common: dignity refers, in a restricted sense, to the 'special status of human beings'; it is based on essential human characteristics; the subject of dignity should live up to it; and it is a vulnerable concept, it can be lost or violated. We argue that being explicit about the meaning of dignity will prevent dignity from becoming a conversation-stopper in moral debate. Secondly, an historical perspective on dignity shows that it is not yet time to dispose of dignity in medical ethics. At least Kantian and relational dignity can be made useful in medical ethics. PMID:19161568

  5. Consumer appeal of nutrition and health claims in three existing product concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verbeke, Wim; Scholderer, Joachim; Lähteenmäki, Liisa

    2009-06-01

    This paper reports on consumers' reactions towards calcium-enriched fruit juice, omega-3 enriched spread and fibre-enriched cereals, each with a nutrition claim, health claim and reduction of disease risk claim. Cross-sectional data were collected in April 2006 from a sample of 341 consumers in Belgium. Consumers' reactions to the carrier product, functional ingredient and claim combinations were assessed as perceived convincingness of the claim, credibility of the product, attractiveness of the product, and intention to buy the product, while accounting for differences in product familiarity, attitudinal and demographic characteristics. Generally, health claims outperformed nutrition claims, and both of these claim types outperformed reduction of disease risk claims. Comparing consumer reactions across product concepts revealed clear preferences for fibre-enriched cereals as compared to the other two concepts. The interaction effects between claim type and product concept indicated that reduction of disease risk claims are perceived very well in omega-3 enriched spreads, particularly in terms of perceived convincingness of the claim, while not appealing to consumers in the other product concepts. Positive attitudes towards functional foods and familiarity with the concrete functional product category boosted the claim type and product ratings, whereas perceived control over own health and perceiving functional foods as a marketing scam decreased all product concept's appeal. PMID:19501767

  6. The repeated appeal to return home in older adults with dementia: developing a model for practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukui, Sadaaki; Okada, Shinichi; Nishimoto, Yukio; Nelson-Becker, Holly B

    2011-03-01

    Dementia care has been trapped in a "trial and error" type of practice due to difficulty understanding the needs of older adults with severe dementia. Behavioral and Psychological Signs and Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) can be quite difficult for residential staff. However, some experienced care workers succeed in establishing effective relationships. The goal of this study was to: 1) develop a process to identify needs behind BPSD; 2) find solutions using a team approach; and 3) apply the results to educate new workers. The KJ method was employed to reach decision-making about best practices in residential dementia care. This qualitative method is used to organize group data collected in the field and is based on understanding complex situations. A group process of 12 Japanese care workers experienced in understanding and responding to the "repeated appeal to return home" of residents in nursing care facilities is highlighted along with an illustrative case example. The workgroup met over two years. The study revealed five steps in understanding the needs behind the appeal, which include: (1) Listen to the voice and go with the flow of the behavior; (2) Learn about the inner experience; (3) Learn about the contextual environment of "here and now" situations; (4) Reflect on the care environment; and (5) Find the keyword. This needs identification process has application to other cultural contexts. The implications of this study for practitioners who work with people with dementia in residential settings will be discussed. PMID:21170576

  7. Legal Requirements for Human-Health based appeals of Wind Energy Projects in Ontario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Michael Engel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2009 the government of the province of Ontario, Canada passed new legislation to promote the development of renewable energy facilities, including wind energy facilities in the province. Throughout the legislative process, concerns were raised with respect to the effect of wind energy facilities on human health. Ultimately, the government established setbacks and sound level limits for wind energy facilities and provided Ontario residents with the right to appeal the approval of a wind energy facility on the ground that engaging in the facility in accordance with its approval will cause serious harm to human health. The first approval of a wind facility under the new legislation was issued in 2010 and since then, Ontario’s Environmental Review Tribunal as well as Ontario’s courts have been considering evidence proffered by appellants seeking revocation of approvals on the basis of serious harm to human health. To date, the evidence has been insufficient to support the revocation of a wind facility approval. This article reviews the legal basis for the dismissal of human-health based appeals.

  8. Framing medical tourism: an analysis of persuasive appeals, risks and benefits, and new media features of medical tourism broker websites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyunmin; Wright, Kevin B; O'Connor, Michaela; Wombacher, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the benefits and risks featured in medical tourism broker websites, as well as the types of persuasive appeals that these websites use to attract potential customers, from a framing theory perspective. In addition, it examines relationships among types of appeals and specific types of health-related services offered by medical facilities abroad and the role of new media modalities within medical tourism broker sites. A content analysis of 91 medical tourism broker websites was conducted. The results indicate that the websites highly emphasized benefits while downplaying the risks. Specifically, despite offering consumers complicated and risky medical procedures, the websites failed to report any procedural, postoperative, or legal concerns associated with them. Moreover, the results indicated that the websites relied on heavy use of new media features to enhance the appeal of the medical services that were offered. The implications of these findings, future directions for research, and limitations of the study are discussed. PMID:24138286

  9. The Effect of Fear Appeal HIV-AIDS Social Marketing on Behaviour: Evaluating the Importance of Market Segmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlize TERBLANCHE-SMIT

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The increase in various social problems has caused practitioners to review fear appeals in order to influence behaviour. The Aids pandemic is a major concern and some advertising campaigns do not seem to be producing the expected results. This study used structural equation modelling to investigate whether the use of fear increases the likelihood of adopting appropriate behaviour pertaining to HIV/Aids prevention. Fear, attitude towards the advertisements, severity, susceptibility and efficacy were examined to ascertain the influence of fear appeals on a specific market segment. The findings of this paper indicate a relationship among susceptibility, fear, attitude and behavioural intent.

  10. Regulating the Procedure of Judging the Appeal in the Civil Law Suit in the Draft Civil Procedure Code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandrina ZAHARIA

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims at analyzing the dispositions regarding the appeal, as presented in the present form of the Civil Procedure Code2, motivated by the fact that recently, the Ministry ofJustice has launched a public debate on “The strategy of developing justice as a public service 2010-2014” in which it proposes a set of measures on the functioning of the judicial system and theconsolidation of justice independence and integrity. The Ministry of Justice will advance this document of great importance for the justice, to be approved by the Romanian Government, no laterthan July, 1st 2010. The adoption of a new Civil Procedure Code was imposed by the socio- economic transformations that occurred in our country after December 1989 and by the Romanian adhesion at the EU on January, 1st 2010, as well as by the changes occurred on the international level, generated by the free movement of people and not only. In this paper we will approach a few theoretical andpractical issues related to the unitary application and interpretation of the civil procedure norms regarding the term in which the appeal can be exerted, the summoning procedure, the forms of appeal and the rules that coordinate the judging of the appeal. This objective aims at underlining the need for a better regulation of the forms of appeal in the civil law suit, reducing terms, summoning the litigant parties, so that the judging is made in compliance with the principles of the right to defense and thecontradictory principle that govern the civil law suit. By the propositions made regarding the completion of the amendment of the civil procedure norms we intend to actually enable the guaranteeof respecting the requests of an equitable law suit, from the perspective of the law suit’s duration in order for the instances in Romania not to be accused of violating article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights. In the Romanian civil law suit, the appeal is the only ordinary means

  11. 25 CFR 1000.55 - Can a Tribe/Consortium appeal within DOI the Director's decision not to award a grant under this...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a Tribe/Consortium appeal within DOI the Director's decision not to award a grant under this subpart? 1000.55 Section 1000.55 Indians OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT... Negotiation Grants Advance Planning Grant Funding § 1000.55 Can a Tribe/Consortium appeal within DOI...

  12. An Experiment on the Effect of Sexual Appeal in Real Beer Advertising on Young Adults’ Purchase Intent and Attitude Towards Advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lize Dias da Cunha

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The permanent presence of sexual information in Brazilian advertising, whether in the form of sexual behavior, use of attractive models, nudity, fetishism or promises of sexual satisfaction and intimacy, is not accompanied by the development of knowledge about the use of sexual appeals in national advertising. The present paper aims to advance the understanding of consumer perceptions about the sexual appeals used in real ads and investigate relationships between the use of sexual appeals in advertising and attitude towards advertising and consumer purchase intent. Thus, we performed a study on sexual appeals in beer advertising with college students. Our product choice was based on the fact that the beer is widely consumed among young adults and because producers have a constant concern in developing new ads in order to maintain or even expand its market share. The data did not provide consistent answers regarding the use of sexual appeals in advertisements for beer and purchase intent or attitude toward the advertisement, but served for a discussion on the sex appeal directly related to beer. Furthermore, the study provided some answers related to the identification of effective sex appeal, such as increased sensitivity of the female audience and implications related to the use of sexual appeals in advertising relevant to practitioners and academics.

  13. Selective Exposure to and Acquisition of Information from Educational Television Programs as a Function of Appeal and Tempo of Background Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakshlag, Jacob J.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    The effect of educational television background music on selective exposure and information acquisition was studied. Background music of slow tempo, regardless of its appeal, had negligible effects on attention and information acquisition. Rhythmic, fast-tempo background music, especially when appealing, significantly reduced visual attention to…

  14. Ramah Navajo School Board, Inc., et al., v. Bureau of Revenue of New Mexico. Appeal from the Court of Appeals of New Mexico. Argued April 28, 1982--Decided July 2, 1982. No. 80-2162.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, J.; And Others

    An appeal to the Supreme Court addressd the question whether federal law preempts a state (New Mexico) tax imposed on the gross receipts that a non-Indian construction company (Lembke Construction Company) receives from a tribal school board (Ramah Navajo School Board) for the construction of a school for Navajo children on the reservation. The…

  15. Reaching out to Ebola victims: Coercion, persuasion or an appeal for self-sacrifice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calain, Philippe; Poncin, Marc

    2015-12-01

    The 2014-2015 Ebola crisis in West Africa has highlighted the practical limits of upholding human rights and common ethical principles when applying emergency public-health measures. The role of medical teams in the implementation of quarantine and isolation has been equivocal, particularly when such measures are opposed by communities who are coerced by the temporary suspension of civil liberties. In their encounters with Ebola victims, outreach teams face moral dilemmas, where the boundaries are unclear between coercion, persuasion and appeals for self-sacrifice. For those teams, we propose a set of practical recommendations aimed at respecting the autonomy of epidemic victims and easing tensions within communities. We recognize that some of these recommendations are progressively achievable, depending on the specific stage or setting of an outbreak. Yet with the increasing availability of experimental treatments and research interventions, weighing patients' autonomy against the common good will become an even more pressing ethical obligation. PMID:26561947

  16. Consumer appeal of nutrition and health claims in three existing product concepts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verbeke, Wim; Scholderer, Joachim; Lähteenmäki, Liisa

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on consumers' reactions towards calcium-enriched fruit juice, omega-3 enriched spread and fibre-enriched cereals, each with a nutrition claim, health claim and reduction of disease risk claim. Cross-sectional data were collected in April 2006 from a sample of 341 consumers in......, attitudinal and demographic characteristics. Generally, health claims outperformed nutrition claims, and both of these claim types outperformed reduction of disease risk claims. Comparing consumer reactions across product concepts revealed clear preferences for fibre-enriched cereals as compared to the other...... two concepts. The interaction effects between claim type and product concept indicated that reduction of disease risk claims are perceived very well in omega-3 enriched spreads, particularly in terms of perceived convincingness of the claim, while not appealing to consumers in the other product...

  17. THE APPEAL IN THE INTEREST OF LAW IN THE DRAFTS OF THE NEW ROMANIAN PROCEDURE CODES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan LUPA CU

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available * This paper has been prepared within the research project „Standardization of Judicial Practice and Harmonization With the ECHR Jurisprudence, a Mandatory Condition to Enforce Justice. Legislative Proposal to Grant Aconsistent Judicial Practice” (ID-1094 financed by the Romanian Minister of Education, Research, Youth and Sports.The unifying role of the High Court of Cassation and Justice in Romania is also accomplished – among other instruments – by mean of the appeal in the interest of law. Designed as a procedural instrument intended to contribute to the unitary interpretation and implementation of the law nationwide, it consolidates the position of leader of the judicial order held by the Supreme Court. The drafts of the new Procedure Codes – Civil and Criminal – substantially improve the regulations in this matter, but in a limited and non-unitary manner, as we will try to further demonstrate.

  18. Fear, threat and efficacy in threat appeals: message involvement as a key mediator to message acceptance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cauberghe, Verolien; De Pelsmacker, Patrick; Janssens, Wim; Dens, Nathalie

    2009-03-01

    In a sample of 170 youngsters, the effect of two versions of a public service announcement (PSA) threat appeal against speeding, placed in four different contexts, on evoked fear, perceived threat (severity and probability of occurrence), perceived response efficacy and self-efficacy, message involvement and anti-speeding attitude and anti-speeding intention is investigated. Evoked fear and perceived threat and efficacy independently influence message involvement. Message involvement is a full mediator between evoked fear, perceived threat and efficacy perception on the one hand, and attitudes towards the message and behavioral intention to accept the message on the other. Speeding experience has a significantly negative impact on anti-speeding attitudes. Message and medium context threat levels and context thematic congruency have a significant effect on evoked fear and to a lesser extent on perceived threat. PMID:19245886

  19. 20 CFR 416.996 - Continued disability or blindness benefits pending appeal of a medical cessation determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Continued disability or blindness benefits... Disability and Blindness Continuing Or Stopping Disability Or Blindness § 416.996 Continued disability or blindness benefits pending appeal of a medical cessation determination. (a) General. If we determine...

  20. 20 CFR 661.280 - What right does an entity have to appeal the Governor's decision rejecting a request for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... review by the Secretary of Labor, under the procedures set forth at 20 CFR 667.640(a). (c) The Secretary... Governor's decision rejecting a request for designation as a workforce investment area? 661.280 Section 661... Governance Provisions § 661.280 What right does an entity have to appeal the Governor's decision rejecting...

  1. Effects of Issue-Image Strategies, Attack and Support Appeals, Music, and Visual Content in Political Commercials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorson, Esther; And Others

    1991-01-01

    This study analyzed four characteristics of political commercials to determine their impact on television viewers' reactions: (1) issue versus image strategies; (2) attack versus support appeals; (3) presence and absence of music; and (4) visual content, either with families or in professional campaign settings. Memory measures and attitudes are…

  2. TECHNIQUE OF THE ASSESSMENT ЩА INVESTMENT APPEAL OF INNOVATIVE PRO-JECTS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorpinchenko K. N.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available We have presented a technique of evaluation of in-vestment appeal of innovative projects in grain pro-duction in a way of innovative development of the meso-level, on the basis of the calculation of the inte-gral and the reference levels, and the assessment of innovation and investment projects, using a multicrite-rion approach

  3. 31 CFR 1.27 - Procedures for amendment of records pertaining to individuals-format, agency review and appeal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... pertaining to individuals-format, agency review and appeal from initial adverse agency determination. 1.27... Privacy Act § 1.27 Procedures for amendment of records pertaining to individuals—format, agency review and..., or complete; or (ii) Inform the individual of the refusal to amend the record in accordance with...

  4. 76 FR 19030 - Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and Publication of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-06

    ... date of publication of the legal notice of the decision in the newspaper of record for 36 CFR part 215... Forest Service Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and... in the legal notice section of the newspapers listed in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of...

  5. 75 FR 20807 - Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and Publication of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... based on the date of publication of the legal notice of the decision in the newspaper of record for 36... Forest Service Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and... in the legal notice section of the newspapers listed in the Supplementary Information section of...

  6. 75 FR 66721 - Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and Publication of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... based on the date of publication of the legal notice of the decision in the newspaper of record for 36... Forest Service Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and... in the legal notice section of the newspapers listed in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of...

  7. 13 CFR 134.703 - When must a person file an appeal from an WOSB or EDWOSB protest determination?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When must a person file an appeal from an WOSB or EDWOSB protest determination? 134.703 Section 134.703 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION RULES OF PROCEDURE GOVERNING CASES BEFORE THE OFFICE OF HEARINGS...

  8. 13 CFR 127.605 - What are the procedures for appealing an EDWOSB or WOSB status protest decision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What are the procedures for appealing an EDWOSB or WOSB status protest decision? 127.605 Section 127.605 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WOMEN-OWNED SMALL BUSINESS FEDERAL CONTRACT ASSISTANCE PROCEDURES...

  9. 45 CFR Appendix B to Part 2507 - Freedom of Information Act Appeal for Release of Information (Sample)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Freedom of Information Act Appeal for Release of Information (Sample) B Appendix B to Part 2507 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE PROCEDURES FOR DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT Pt. 2507, App....

  10. 78 FR 12290 - Annual List of Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Decisions Appealable Under 36...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ..., Nebraska. Fall River and Wall Districts, Buffalo Gap National Grassland: The Rapid City Journal, published... Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region; ATTN: Regional Appeals Manager; 740 Simms Street, Golden, Colorado... Decisions The Rapid City Journal, published daily in Rapid City, Pennington County, South Dakota. Notice...

  11. Statements of Special Educational Needs and Tribunal Appeals in England and Wales 2003-2013--In Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Alan J.

    2014-01-01

    The study presents a statistical analysis of statements of special educational needs and Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND) tribunal appeal rates in England and Wales. It is set against the backcloth of the 2014 Children and Families Act which replaces statements with Education, Health and Care (EHC) plans. The numerical overview…

  12. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff practice and procedure digest. Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board Decision, July 1972 - June 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the seventh edition of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff Practice and Procedure Digest. It contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to June 1995 interpreting the NRC rules of practice in 10 CFR part 2

  13. 78 FR 12130 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-3p; Appeal of an Initial Medical Disability Cessation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... Social Security--Disability Insurance; 96.004 Social Security--Survivors Insurance; 96.006 Supplemental... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-3p; Appeal of an Initial Medical Disability Cessation...

  14. 78 FR 59426 - Board of Veterans Appeals, Veterans Information Office, Voice of the Veteran Call Center Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... AFFAIRS Board of Veterans Appeals, Veterans Information Office, Voice of the Veteran Call Center Survey... Register on September 6, 2013 (78 FR 54957), that contained errors. VA announced that the Board of Veterans..., Voice of the Veterans Call Center Survey''. We have corrected the office telephone number of the...

  15. Feeling Good and Doing Good for the Environment: The Use of Emotional Appeals in Pro-Environmental Public Service Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Searles, Kathleen

    2010-01-01

    Research in political psychology suggests that politicians successfully manipulate emotions through campaign advertisements. While work in environmental psychology emphasizes emotional connection to the environment, scholars have yet to examine the potential of emotional appeals in non-campaign messages. I am interested in the use of emotional…

  16. The Online Bingo Boom in the UK: A Qualitative Examination of Its Appeal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Stead

    Full Text Available Online bingo has seen significant growth in recent years. This study sought to increase understanding of this growth by exploring the appeal of online bingo. Our aim was to examine the content of ten online bingo websites in the UK and analyse a qualitative secondary dataset of 12 female bingo players to investigate the appeal of online bingo. Using two distinct data sources allowed us to assess how the key messages online websites are trying to convey compare with actual players' motivation to play bingo. Our analysis of bingo websites found a common theme where websites were easy to navigate and structured to present a light-hearted, fun, reassuring, social image of gambling. In addition, the design decisions reflected in the bingo sites had the effect of positioning online bingo as a benign, child-like, homely, women-friendly, social activity. Comparison of the website content with our participants' reasons to play bingo showed congruence between the strategies used by the bingo websites and the motivations of bingo players themselves and the benefits which they seek; suggesting that bingo websites strive to replicate and update the sociability of traditional bingo halls. Online bingo differs from traditional forms of bingo in its ability to be played anywhere and at any time, and its capacity to offer a deeply immersive experience. The potential for this type of online immersion in gambling to lead to harm is only just being investigated and further research is required to understand how the industry is regulated, as well as the effects of online bingo on individual gambling 'careers.'

  17. The Online Bingo Boom in the UK: A Qualitative Examination of Its Appeal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Online bingo has seen significant growth in recent years. This study sought to increase understanding of this growth by exploring the appeal of online bingo. Our aim was to examine the content of ten online bingo websites in the UK and analyse a qualitative secondary dataset of 12 female bingo players to investigate the appeal of online bingo. Using two distinct data sources allowed us to assess how the key messages online websites are trying to convey compare with actual players’ motivation to play bingo. Our analysis of bingo websites found a common theme where websites were easy to navigate and structured to present a light-hearted, fun, reassuring, social image of gambling. In addition, the design decisions reflected in the bingo sites had the effect of positioning online bingo as a benign, child-like, homely, women-friendly, social activity. Comparison of the website content with our participants’ reasons to play bingo showed congruence between the strategies used by the bingo websites and the motivations of bingo players themselves and the benefits which they seek; suggesting that bingo websites strive to replicate and update the sociability of traditional bingo halls. Online bingo differs from traditional forms of bingo in its ability to be played anywhere and at any time, and its capacity to offer a deeply immersive experience. The potential for this type of online immersion in gambling to lead to harm is only just being investigated and further research is required to understand how the industry is regulated, as well as the effects of online bingo on individual gambling ‘careers.’ PMID:27138116

  18. The Online Bingo Boom in the UK: A Qualitative Examination of Its Appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stead, Martine; Dobbie, Fiona; Angus, Kathryn; Purves, Richard I; Reith, Gerda; Macdonald, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Online bingo has seen significant growth in recent years. This study sought to increase understanding of this growth by exploring the appeal of online bingo. Our aim was to examine the content of ten online bingo websites in the UK and analyse a qualitative secondary dataset of 12 female bingo players to investigate the appeal of online bingo. Using two distinct data sources allowed us to assess how the key messages online websites are trying to convey compare with actual players' motivation to play bingo. Our analysis of bingo websites found a common theme where websites were easy to navigate and structured to present a light-hearted, fun, reassuring, social image of gambling. In addition, the design decisions reflected in the bingo sites had the effect of positioning online bingo as a benign, child-like, homely, women-friendly, social activity. Comparison of the website content with our participants' reasons to play bingo showed congruence between the strategies used by the bingo websites and the motivations of bingo players themselves and the benefits which they seek; suggesting that bingo websites strive to replicate and update the sociability of traditional bingo halls. Online bingo differs from traditional forms of bingo in its ability to be played anywhere and at any time, and its capacity to offer a deeply immersive experience. The potential for this type of online immersion in gambling to lead to harm is only just being investigated and further research is required to understand how the industry is regulated, as well as the effects of online bingo on individual gambling 'careers.' PMID:27138116

  19. The streetboard rider: an appealing problem in non-holonomic mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper enlarges the reservoir of solved tutor problems in non-holonomic mechanics at the undergraduate level of physics education. Unlike other, rather artificial, solved problems typically used, the streetboard-rider locomotion problem presented here represents an appealing contemporary real-world problem with interesting applications in a popular sport and in robotics. In this paper, the streetboard motion is discussed from the physical point of view. We show that the interesting snake-like motion performed by streetboard riders stems from its non-holonomic nature. The related non-holonomic constraints are derived and the problem of the mechanical system subjected to these non-holonomic constraints is solved using methods appropriate to the undergraduate university level. The analytical solution for the circular motion and the numerical solution for the general motion are obtained, the physical meaning of the derived constrained forces is investigated and the results are discussed with respect to observed streetboard-rider locomotion. The brief outline of the paper can be used as a demonstration example in non-holonomic mechanics lessons, while the paper itself establishes an original undergraduate computational student project in theoretical mechanics.

  20. Johnny Depp, Reconsidered: How Category-Relative Processing Fluency Determines the Appeal of Gender Ambiguity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Helen E; Halberstadt, Jamin; Carr, Evan W; Winkielman, Piotr

    2016-01-01

    Individuals that combine features of both genders-gender blends-are sometimes appealing and sometimes not. Heretofore, this difference was explained entirely in terms of sexual selection. In contrast, we propose that part of individuals' preference for gender blends is due to the cognitive effort required to classify them, and that such effort depends on the context in which a blend is judged. In two studies, participants judged the attractiveness of male-female morphs. Participants did so after classifying each face in terms of its gender, which was selectively more effortful for gender blends, or classifying faces on a gender-irrelevant dimension, which was equally effortful for gender blends. In both studies, gender blends were disliked when, and only when, the faces were first classified by gender, despite an overall preference for feminine features in all conditions. Critically, the preferences were mediated by the effort of stimulus classification. The results suggest that the variation in attractiveness of gender-ambiguous faces may derive from context-dependent requirements to determine gender membership. More generally, the results show that the difficulty of resolving social category membership-not just attitudes toward a social category-feed into perceivers' overall evaluations toward category members. PMID:26845341

  1. The streetboard rider: an appealing problem in non-holonomic mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janová, J.; Musilová, J.

    2010-03-01

    This paper enlarges the reservoir of solved tutor problems in non-holonomic mechanics at the undergraduate level of physics education. Unlike other, rather artificial, solved problems typically used, the streetboard-rider locomotion problem presented here represents an appealing contemporary real-world problem with interesting applications in a popular sport and in robotics. In this paper, the streetboard motion is discussed from the physical point of view. We show that the interesting snake-like motion performed by streetboard riders stems from its non-holonomic nature. The related non-holonomic constraints are derived and the problem of the mechanical system subjected to these non-holonomic constraints is solved using methods appropriate to the undergraduate university level. The analytical solution for the circular motion and the numerical solution for the general motion are obtained, the physical meaning of the derived constrained forces is investigated and the results are discussed with respect to observed streetboard-rider locomotion. The brief outline of the paper can be used as a demonstration example in non-holonomic mechanics lessons, while the paper itself establishes an original undergraduate computational student project in theoretical mechanics.

  2. Waif goodbye! Average-size female models promote positive body image and appeal to consumers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diedrichs, Phillippa C; Lee, Christina

    2011-10-01

    Despite consensus that exposure to media images of thin fashion models is associated with poor body image and disordered eating behaviours, few attempts have been made to enact change in the media. This study sought to investigate an effective alternative to current media imagery, by exploring the advertising effectiveness of average-size female fashion models, and their impact on the body image of both women and men. A sample of 171 women and 120 men were assigned to one of three advertisement conditions: no models, thin models and average-size models. Women and men rated average-size models as equally effective in advertisements as thin and no models. For women with average and high levels of internalisation of cultural beauty ideals, exposure to average-size female models was associated with a significantly more positive body image state in comparison to exposure to thin models and no models. For men reporting high levels of internalisation, exposure to average-size models was also associated with a more positive body image state in comparison to viewing thin models. These findings suggest that average-size female models can promote positive body image and appeal to consumers. PMID:21500105

  3. The appeal of violent video games to lower educated aggressive adolescent boys from two countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemmens, Jeroen S; Bushman, Brad J; Konijn, Elly A

    2006-10-01

    The objective of this study was to test the effect of individual differences on appeal and use of video games. Participants were 299 adolescent boys from lower and higher secondary schools in the Netherlands and Belgium. In general, boys were most attracted to violent video games. Boys that scored higher in trait aggressiveness and lower in empathy were especially attracted to violent games and spent more time playing video games than did boys lower in trait aggressiveness. Lower educated boys showed more appreciation for both violent and nonviolent games and spent more time playing them than did higher educated boys. The present study showed that aggressive and less empathic boys were most attracted to violent games. The fact that heavy users of violent games show less empathy and higher aggressiveness suggests the possibility of desensitization. Other studies have shown that playing violent games increases aggressiveness and decreases empathy. These results combined suggest the possibility of a violence cycle. Aggressive individuals are attracted to violent games. Playing violent games increases aggressiveness and decreases empathy, which in turn leads to increased appreciation and use of violent games. PMID:17034335

  4. Aesthetically appealing noise suppression solutions for the oil and gas industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sawchyn, Scott; Broska, Paul [150, 9th Ave. SW, Calgary (Canada)], email: scott.sawchyn@encana.com, email: paul.broska@encana.com

    2011-07-01

    The paper relates how Encana, a leader in gas production, had to adopt an alternative design for a natural gas compressor package to satisfy not only provincial noise regulations but also landowners, who wanted to preserve the rural look of their area, on the one hand and, on the other, still build a cost-effective and efficient compressor. The location was chosen for its proximity to Encana's existing gas delivery network. The landowners wanted assurances that the new compressor unit would be noise-suppressed, and would not degrade the rural character of the region's visual environment. Encana eventually agreed to these requirements and, after having contacted the stakeholders, came up with an innovative design and construction plan, but at a construction cost estimated to exceed the original by 23.5%. During construction, several initiatives, which have since been well-received in other contexts, improved on this and the final construction cost was only 14.1% higher than typical. The finalized compressor thus met all Encana, provincial and landowner requirements on noise, efficiency and look, and promoted new noise-suppressing, aesthetically appealing building design.

  5. Selling medical travel to US patient-consumers: the cultural appeal of website marketing messages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobo, Elisa J; Herlihy, Elizabeth; Bicker, Mary

    2011-04-01

    More US-based patients than ever are travelling abroad for medical or dental services. Beyond financial incentives, what cultural factors have supported this trend? Because of their interest in selling medical travel, medical travel agencies (MTAs) have vested interests in this question. To find out how they are answering it, an ethnographic content analysis of MTA websites was undertaken. Beyond themes promoting a 'worry-free experience' of 'legitimate services', themes linking healthcare consumerism to culturally specific identity ideals and self-creation/representation processes predominated. Themes relating to the demonstration of social position, savvy expression of good consumer judgment, and achievement of libertarian ideals figured highly. However, various inconsistencies (including an appeal to tourism in some but not other situations) suggested that medical travel involves, for the US-based consumer, a complex act of juggling context-specific self-identity desires and expectations in relation to healthcare. The potential impact of prevailing discourses on 'self-construction-in-practice' was explored. Findings enhance understanding of the care seeking process as experienced within the context of globalized, mass-mediated healthcare consumerism. They also point to the need for finer-grained distinctions than the global gloss 'medical travel' offers. PMID:21563007

  6. Adding value to the meat of spent laying hens manufacturing sausages with a healthy appeal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KMR de Souza

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the viability of the use of spent laying hens' meat in the manufacturing of mortadella-type sausages with healthy appeal by using vegetable oil instead of animal fat. 120 Hy-line® layer hens were distributed in a completely randomized design into two treatments of six replicates with ten birds each. The treatments were birds from light Hy-line® W36 and semi-heavy Hy-line® Brown lines. Cold carcass, wing, breast and leg fillets yields were determined. Dry matter, protein, and lipid contents were determined in breast and leg fillets. The breast and legg fillets of three replicates per treatment were used to manufacture mortadella. After processing, sausages were evaluated for proximal composition, objective color, microbiological parameters, fatty acid profile and sensory acceptance. The meat of light and semi-heavy spent hens presented good yield and composition, allowing it to be used as raw material for the manufacture of processed products. Mortadellas were safe from microbiological point of view, and those made with semi-heavy hens fillets were redder and better accepted by consumers. Values for all sensory attributes were evaluated over score 5 (neither liked nor disliked. Both products presented high polyunsaturated fatty acid contents and good polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acid ratio. The excellent potential for the use of meat from spent layer hens of both varieties in the manufacturing of healthier mortadella-type sausage was demonstrated.

  7. The role of appeals to tradition in origin food marketing. A survey among Polish consumers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryła, Paweł

    2015-08-01

    The frequency of the use of tradition in marketing is growing. Appealing to tradition reflects the need to have reference points, trust and stability. The perceived authenticity of a product is strongly connected with its origin, which is expressed by the factors of time (history), place (area), socialisation (local community) and naturalness (raw materials). The paper aims to examine consumer attitudes, preferences and behaviours regarding origin food in Poland. We carried out a survey in a representative sample of 1000 Polish consumers. According to our respondents, the characteristics differentiating origin food from conventional food include links with tradition as well as sensory and health properties. Referring to the typology proposed by van der Meulen, traditionality and territoriality are the most important characteristics of origin food. The perceived authenticity of origin products depends to the largest extent on such factors as: natural taste, product quality, sale in the region of origin and labelling. The most important determinants of origin food selection include: traditional recipe, taste, and product uniqueness. PMID:25916623

  8. Promoting dental hygiene to children: comparing traditional and interactive media following threat appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panic, Katarina; Cauberghe, Veroline; De Pelsmacker, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Until now, social marketing campaigns mainly targeted children using traditional media. However, little is known about the effectiveness of computer games to communicate health-related information to children. This study compares the impact of an interactive game as a medium to provide health information and improve children's dietary habits to the impact of more traditional media. Using a 2 × 3 between-subject factorial design with 190 children (7-9 years old), this study investigates the effect of threat messages (weak vs. strong) concerning dental hygiene on behavioral outcome (snack choice), and how this effect is moderated by the type of medium used to communicate subsequent health information after the threat appeal (computer game, information brochure, narrative story). Results show a positive significant effect of perceived threat on children's adaptive behavior. However, this effect only remains significant when afterwards children are exposed to a narrative health-related story. When children play a game or read a brochure, they need to devote more attention to process this content, distracting them from the original threat message. In sum, when a threat message is followed by additional health information, the medium through which this information is presented influences the effectiveness of the preceding threat message. PMID:24393019

  9. The European Union brand and its appeal to young Europeans – an in-depth perspective from Romanian student

    OpenAIRE

    Alina-Daniela MIHALCEA; Alexandra VIȚELAR

    2015-01-01

    In the context of globalization and economic crisis, the European Union is facing a series of challenges on a political, economic and identity level, due to the fact that the pillars on which the EU stands no longer satisfy the demands and necessities of the European citizens (Dobrescu and Palada, 2012; Habermas, 2012). As a result, “the foundational myth of the European Union as a vehicle for peace, stability and economic growth is apparently losing its appeal, particularly among younger gen...

  10. Attitudes and purchase intentions toward electric cars : what types of advertising appeal and message are most effective?

    OpenAIRE

    Sunde, Juliane Kristine

    2014-01-01

    This master thesis aimed to investigate the relative effectiveness of rational and emotional advertisement appeals, combined with or without a non-environmental message, in producing positive attitudes and purchase intentions towards electric cars. The combination of these two dimensions resulted in four different ad types, which are compared on their ability to influence attitudes and purchase intentions. The results of the study can provide managers with a better understandin...

  11. Emotional and rational product appeals in televised food advertisements for children: analysis of commercials shown on US broadcast networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Randy M; Brewster, Aaron

    2007-12-01

    The aggressive advertising and marketing of high caloric food products to children is implicated as a potential causative factor in the childhood obesity epidemic. This study analyzed 147 commercials appearing during children's programming on U.S. broadcast networks for a wide range of potential emotional and rational advertising appeals. The most prominent emotional appeals were fun/happiness and play followed by fantasy/ imagination, social enhancement/peer acceptance, and coolness/hipness. Many of the products used the term ;super-charged' or a similar adjective to describe the powerful taste or other physical properties of the product. More than one-third of all the commercials used a fruit appeal or association. Statements or depictions that a product was healthy or nutritious were quite rare among the commercials. This seems to imply that health and nutrition claims are understood by food marketers to not be salient concerns among children and as such are not a selling point to children. Commercials for high sugar cereal products and fast food restaurants differed in several respects. This study can serve to guide child health care professionals and other child advocates in designing measures that counter food advertising messages directed at children. PMID:18039734

  12. Social threat appeals in commercial advertising: the moderating impact of perceived level of self-efficacy and self-esteem on advertising effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Faseur, Tine; Cauberghe, Veroline; Hudders, Liselot

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of the level of fear evoked by an advertisement (for deodorant) framing a threatening social situation. Where the effectiveness of threat appeals has been investigated extensively in health communication, this study focuses on the impact of social threat appeals in a commercial setting. The study investigates the moderating impact of self-esteem on the interaction effect between the level of fear (evoked by a social threat ad) and perceived level of self-eff...

  13. Impact of an interactive anti-speeding threat appeal: how much threat is too much?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panić, Katarina; Cauberghe, Verolien; De Pelsmacker, Patrick

    2011-05-01

    This study investigates the impact of an interactive television public-service announcement (PSA) containing an anti-speeding threat appeal on feelings of telepresence and behavioral intention. In a 2 × 2 × 2 between-subjects factorial design with 213 participants, the level of threat evoked by a traditional PSA, by the interactive part of the PSA (dedicated advertising location or DAL) and by the preceding program context are manipulated to be either low or high. The results support the assumptions of the Extended Parallel Processing Model with regard to the effect of the level of perceived threat and perceived efficacy in an interactive media environment, and the important role of telepresence as a processing variable. The results of the three-way interaction effect of threat evoked by the program, the PSA and the DAL on telepresence show that when the threat levels of the program and the PSA are both either low or high, exposure to the threatening information in the DAL does not generate a significantly higher feeling of telepresence. However, when a low-threat program is followed by a high-threat PSA, the threat level of the DAL has a positive effect on telepresence. The same trend is found with a high-threat program and a low-threat PSA, although the effect of the threat evoked by the DAL on telepresence is not significant at conventional levels. Finally, there is a positive effect of telepresence on the behavioral intention to reduce speeding, which is partly mediated by the viewer's perceived efficacy to follow the recommended behavior. PMID:21204691

  14. Crafting Appealing Text Messages to Encourage Colorectal Cancer Screening Test Completion: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Shellie D; Denizard-Thompson, Nancy; Kronner, Donna; Miller, David P

    2015-01-01

    Background mHealth interventions that incorporate text messages have great potential to increase receipt of preventive health services such as colorectal cancer screening. However, little is known about older adult perspectives regarding the receipt of text messages from their health care providers. Objective To assess whether older adults would value and access text messages from their physician’s practice regarding colorectal cancer screening. Methods We conducted four focus groups with 26 adults, aged 50 to 75 years, who had either recently completed or were overdue for colorectal cancer screening. A trained moderator followed a semistructured interview guide covering participant knowledge and attitudes regarding colorectal cancer screening, potential barriers to colorectal cancer screening, attitudes about receiving electronic communications from a doctor’s office, and reactions to sample text messages. Results Participant responses to three primary research questions were examined: (1) facilitators and barriers to colorectal cancer screening, (2) attitudes toward receiving text messages from providers, and (3) characteristics of appealing text messages. Two themes related to facilitators of colorectal cancer screening were perceived benefits/need and family experiences and encouragement. Themes related to barriers included unpleasantness, discomfort, knowledge gaps, fear of complications, and system factors. Four themes emerged regarding receipt of text messages from health care providers: (1) comfort and familiarity with technology, (2) privacy concerns/potential for errors, (3) impact on patient-provider relationship, and (4) perceived helpfulness. Many participants expressed initial reluctance to receiving text messages but responded favorably when shown sample messages. Participants preferred messages that contained content that was important to them and were positive and reassuring, personalized, and friendly to novice texters (eg, avoided the use of

  15. Regulating the Procedure of Judging the Appeal in the Civil Law Suit in the Draft Civil Procedure Code

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandrina ZAHARIA

    2010-01-01

    The present study aims at analyzing the dispositions regarding the appeal, as presented in the present form of the Civil Procedure Code2, motivated by the fact that recently, the Ministry ofJustice has launched a public debate on “The strategy of developing justice as a public service 2010-2014” in which it proposes a set of measures on the functioning of the judicial system and theconsolidation of justice independence and integrity. The Ministry of Justice will advance this document of great...

  16. Impact of Media context and Ad appeal on consumer response towards advertising of personal care products in FMCG sector

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Priyanka; Balyan, Dr. R K

    2014-01-01

    Advertisement effectiveness has been a debatable topic for years. The topic has been studied extensively but still many areas of it remain unexplored. The current study deals with the impact of advertisement appeal and media context on consumer response. The study has its foray into personal care product category of FMCG sector wherein the scope of study was limited to Ahmedabad region. The sample size of 66 consumers was chosen for socio economic classes of A1, A2, A3, B1 and B2. The data co...

  17. Philanthropic Discourse vs Promotional Genre: To Study the Rhetorical Choices of Promotion and Structural Moves of Two Appeal Letters in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Chi-wai LEE

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Based on two appeal letters from (i Oxfam Hong Kong and (ii Hong Kong Committee For United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF, this paper aims to study the rhetorical choices of promotion and structural moves of two appeal letters, exploring whether the philanthropic discourse can be viewed in line with the promotional genre. The findings appear to reveal that there is a hybrid form of promotional genre in philanthropic discourse, with reference to Bhatia’s (1998 generic patterns in fund-raising discourse framework. There are similar structural moves of advertising, although the move sequences could vary. However, the move of “introducing the cause” is always found at the very beginning because the readers are more interested to realise what the main theme of the appeal letter is. In addition, appeal letters are found to be modelled in promotional genre, in which they are rhetorical choices of promotion attracting attention from readers – by using “you” and marked devices of attention getters. The findings in this study appear to be in line with the argument that promotional concerns have influenced the nature of philanthropic discourse.Keywords: appeal letters, Hong Kong, promotional genre, rhetorical choices of promotion

  18. A qualitative investigation of South African cigarette smokers’ perceptions of fear appeal messages in anti-smoking advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Wagner

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Cigarette smoking continues to pose a global health risk, including in developing countries. Fear appeal messages have been widely employed in health communication to reduce cigarette smoking, but studies provide conflicting results on their efficacy. The present qualitative study explores smokers’ perceptions of fear appeal messages used in anti-smoking advertising. Focus group discussions were conducted with male and female smokers from Gauteng. A thematic analysis found that participants negatively viewed advertisements that use unrealistic images and failed to relate to the message portrayed. Information about the risks associated with smoking was perceived as patronising and as positioning smokers as ignorant and unintelligent. In addition, fear appeal messages that only focus on long-term consequences of smoking were perceived as ineffective. Participants failed to identify with content that solely relied on factual information at the expense of an emotive appeal. The findings suggest that anti-smoking communication could benefit from content that evokes shock without sacrificing realism, that it should include information about short-term and immediately visible consequences of smoking and that it should avoid negative depictions of smokers that alienate them from the message being portrayed.

    Opsomming

    Sigaretrook dra steeds ’n wêreldwye gesondheidsrisiko, met inbegrip van in ontwikkelende lande. Vrees-oproepende boodskappe word algemeen in gesondheidskommunikasie gebruik om rookgedrag te verminder, maar studies toon teenstrydige resultate rakende die doeltreffendheid daarvan. Die huidige kwalitatiewe studie ondersoek rokers se persepsies van vrees-oproepende boodskappe soos in antirook-advertensies gebruik. Fokusgroepbesprekings is met manlike en vroulike rokers in Gauteng gehou. ’n Tematiese ontleding het gevind dat deelnemers advertensies wat onrealistiese beelde gebruik, negatief beskou en dat

  19. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff Practice and Procedure Digest. Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-December 1985. Digest No. 4, Revision No. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 2 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1985, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 2 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendment to the Rules of Practice effective December 31, 1985. Topics covered include prehearing and posthearing matters, herings, appeals, and general matters

  20. The Enforceability of Illegal Employment Contracts according to the Labour Appeal Court Comments on Kylie v CCMA 2011 4 SA 383 (LAC)

    OpenAIRE

    KJ Selala

    2011-01-01

    The Labour Appeal Court in Kylie v CCMA decided the vexed question as to whether or not the CCMA has jurisdiction to resolve a dispute of unfair dismissal involving a sex worker. Both the CCMA and the Labour Court had declined to assume jurisdiction to resolve the dispute on the basis that the employee’s contract of employment was invalid and therefore unenforceable in law. The Labour Appeal Court, on the other hand, overturned the Labour Court’s decision and held that the CCMA...

  1. The Enforceability of Illegal Employment Contracts according to the Labour Appeal Court Comments on Kylie v CCMA 2011 4 SA 383 (LAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KJ Selala

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Labour Appeal Court in Kylie v CCMA decided the vexed question as to whether or not the CCMA has jurisdiction to resolve a dispute of unfair dismissal involving a sex worker. Both the CCMA and the Labour Court had declined to assume jurisdiction to resolve the dispute on the basis that the employee’s contract of employment was invalid and therefore unenforceable in law. The Labour Appeal Court, on the other hand, overturned the Labour Court’s decision and held that the CCMA has jurisdiction to resolve the dispute, regardless of the fact that sex work is still illegal under the South African law. For this decision, the Labour Appeal Court relied on section 23(1 of the Constitution, which provides that everyone has the right to fair labour practices. According to the Labour Appeal Court the crucial question for determination by the court was if a person in the position of a sex worker enjoyed the full range of constitutional rights including the right to fair labour practices. In the court’s reasoning the word everyone in section 23(1 of the Constitution is a term of general import and conveys precisely what it means. In other words everyone, including a sex worker, has the right to fair labour practices as guaranteed in the Constitution. A critical analysis of the judgment is made in this case note. The correctness of the court’s judgment, particularly insofar as it relates to the approach to and the determination of the issue of jurisdiction, is questioned. It is argued that the Court lost focus on the main issue in the appeal, namely jurisdiction, and instead proceeded to place heavy emphasis on the employee’s constitutional rights. Relying on a handful of cases of the Supreme Court of Appeal and the Constitutional Court, the case note concludes that the approach adopted by the Labour Appeal Court in the determination of the appeal was incorrect - hence its decision. Given the critical importance of the matter, and the attendant

  2. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board, and Licensing Board decisions issued from July 1, 1972 through March 31, 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A digest is given of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to March 31, 1986, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice. Parts of earlier editions and supplements are replaced, and amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through March 31, 1986 are reflected. The material included deals with applications, prehearing matters, hearings, post-hearing matters, appeals, and decisions related to general matters. Decisions are indexed by facility, citation, CFR, statutes, case law, and other legal citations

  3. Between likes and shares: effects of emotional appeal and virality on the persuasiveness of anticyberbullying messages on Facebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhabash, Saleem; McAlister, Anna R; Hagerstrom, Amy; Quilliam, Elizabeth Taylor; Rifon, Nora J; Richards, Jef I

    2013-03-01

    Growth in the popularity of social networking sites (SNSs) such as Facebook has been accompanied by unintended negative results (e.g., cyberbullying). SNSs could offer solutions, as well. In this article, we explore the persuasive effects of the emotional appeal and message virality of Facebook status updates. Using status updates for a fictitious anticyberbullying organization, we conducted a 3×2×2×3 (emotional tone × affective evaluation × viral reach × message repetition) mixed factorial experiment (N=365). Positive messages resulted in more positive message evaluations and stronger anticyberbullying attitudes and viral behavioral intentions. Further, low message virality led to the most favorable message evaluations, while high virality resulted in stronger anticyberbullying attitudes. PMID:23374169

  4. Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Appeal: Pick Any Two? The Influence of Learning Domains and Learning Outcomes on Designer Judgments of Useful Instructional Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honebein, Peter C.; Honebein, Cass H.

    2015-01-01

    When choosing instructional methods, instructional designers trade-off or sacrifice an outcome, such as effectiveness, efficiency, or appeal. In instructional planning theory, this is referred to as values about priorities. When "values about priorities" are combined with "conditions about content," we expect that a different…

  5. 13 CFR 134.710 - Who can file a response to an appeal petition and when must such a response be filed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Who can file a response to an appeal petition and when must such a response be filed? 134.710 Section 134.710 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION RULES OF PROCEDURE GOVERNING CASES BEFORE THE OFFICE OF HEARINGS...

  6. The impact of threat appeals on fear arousal and driver behavior: a meta-analysis of experimental research 1990-2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel N Carey

    Full Text Available The existing empirical research exploring the impact of threat appeals on driver behavior has reported inconsistent findings. In an effort to provide an up-to-date synthesis of the experimental findings, meta-analytic techniques were employed to examine the impact of threat-based messages on fear arousal and on lab-based indices of driving behavior. Experimental studies (k = 13, N = 3044, conducted between 1990 and 2011, were included in the analyses. The aims of the current analysis were (a to examine whether or not the experimental manipulations had a significant impact on evoked fear, (b to examine the impact of threat appeals on three distinct indices of driving, and (c to identify moderators and mediators of the relationship between fear and driving outcomes. Large effects emerged for the level of fear evoked, with experimental groups reporting increased fear arousal in comparison to control groups (r = .64, n = 619, p<.01. The effect of threat appeals on driving outcomes, however, was not significant (r = .03, p = .17. This analysis of the experimental literature indicates that threat appeals can lead to increased fear arousal, but do not appear to have the desired impact on driving behavior. We discuss these findings in the context of threat-based road safety campaigns and future directions for experimental research in this area.

  7. 34 CFR 366.45 - What must a Director do upon receipt of a copy of a center's formal written appeal to the Secretary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What must a Director do upon receipt of a copy of a center's formal written appeal to the Secretary? 366.45 Section 366.45 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE...

  8. 34 CFR 366.46 - How does the Secretary review a center's appeal of a decision included in a Director's initial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does the Secretary review a center's appeal of a decision included in a Director's initial written notice or a Director's final written decision? 366.46 Section 366.46 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE...

  9. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--December 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This 4th revision of the sixth edition of the NRC Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period of July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1991, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2

  10. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff Practice and Procedure Digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--March 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This 5th revision of the sixth edition of the NRC Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period of July 1, 1972 to March 31, 1992, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2

  11. Selling Health to the Distracted: Consumer Responses to Source Credibility and Ad Appeal Type in a Direct-to-Consumer Advertisement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemanski, Jennifer L; Villegas, Jorge

    2015-01-01

    Since 1997, when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration first allowed prescription drug companies to release ads directly targeting the public, direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising has become an integral part of the pharmaceutical industry marketing toolkit, reaching over $4 billion in 2005. In an experiment where cognitive load, a task that requires the investment of a subject's memory in an unrelated task; source credibility; and advertising appeal type (affective or cognitive) were manipulated, attitude toward the ad was measured for a print DTC meningitis vaccine ad. Main effect results for source credibility and advertising appeal type on attitude toward the ad were found, and interactions between manipulated variables were apparent when the individual difference variables related to a specific illness (vaccination history, living in a dorm, family members or friends who had suffered the illness) were taken into account. PMID:26368298

  12. 高校实践活动的媒体诉求%Media Appeal of University Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志强

    2014-01-01

    高校活动虽然是媒体关注的热点,但是高校的实践活动因为实效性和社会效应相对有限,而成为媒体视域下的“孤岛”。然而,媒体与高校实践活动并不是一组二维悖论,高校实践活动本身对媒体存在诉求,媒体也希望通过高校的实践活动来张扬社会正能量。如何让二者在本位基础上实现最理想契合是媒体和教育理论者努力的方向。%Although the university activities is the focus of media attention ,but the University’s practice activities for effec‐tiveness and social effect is relatively limited ,and become the media from the perspective of “island” .However ,the media and the practice of university activities are not a group of two-dimensional paradox ,university practice itself to the media existing media appeal ,also hope that through the University’s practice activities to publicize the social positive energy .Therefore ,how to make the two in the standard basis to achieve the most ideal fit is the media and educational theory direction .

  13. Fishing in dangerous waters: Remarks on a controversial appeal to spawner-recruit theory for long-term impact assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Hudson River power plant case, the defending utility companies appealed to the practices of commercial fishery managers as precedent for their own uses of spawner-recruit models in forecasting the effects on stock abundances of long-term water withdrawals by the power plants. In contrast to this perception of spawner-recruit models as commonly accepted instruments of fishery management, the present survey of managers and regulatory agencies revealed instead a universal rejection of such models. The inadequacies of spawner-recruit models were attributed variously to the effects of environmental uncertainty, to imperfect knowledge of population regulation, and to the lack of sufficient biological meaning in the models themselves. In general, impact assessment little resembles fishery regulation because the options and privileges commonly exercised by a fishery manager are closed to impact management. In either case, long-term forecasting remains unreliable due to the problem, as yet unsolved, of predicting reproduction and recruitment in natural populations. 21 refs., 1 fig

  14. 高校实践活动的媒体诉求%Media Appeal of University Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志强

    2014-01-01

    Although the university activities is the focus of media attention ,but the University’s practice activities for effec‐tiveness and social effect is relatively limited ,and become the media from the perspective of “island” .However ,the media and the practice of university activities are not a group of two-dimensional paradox ,university practice itself to the media existing media appeal ,also hope that through the University’s practice activities to publicize the social positive energy .Therefore ,how to make the two in the standard basis to achieve the most ideal fit is the media and educational theory direction .%高校活动虽然是媒体关注的热点,但是高校的实践活动因为实效性和社会效应相对有限,而成为媒体视域下的“孤岛”。然而,媒体与高校实践活动并不是一组二维悖论,高校实践活动本身对媒体存在诉求,媒体也希望通过高校的实践活动来张扬社会正能量。如何让二者在本位基础上实现最理想契合是媒体和教育理论者努力的方向。

  15. What you see? Value or ...? : A study of life values and lifestyles, and attractiveness of consumers towards advertising posters with value appeals in Umea

    OpenAIRE

    Bayar, Regzedmaa; Chandmani, Dolgorsuren

    2010-01-01

    This research is investigated a relationship between life values and attitude towards advertising, which included life value appeals. A survey is used a self administrated questionnaire of a quantitative research method, which is asked about people’s life values based on Kahle scale of eight items and their attitudes about advertising posters are created ourselves. Sample was chosen from students and workers in Umea. University, offices and shopping mall techniques used to collect the data.  ...

  16. Studying on the Function of Appeal System of the Civil Procedure%论民事上诉制度的功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱春河

    2011-01-01

    我国现行民事诉讼上诉制度在功能设定上存在着错位,这一现象直接影响了上诉制度应有作用的发挥,同时也为上级法院干涉下级法院的审判活动打开了方便之门。因此,重新界定上诉制度的功能,发挥该制度应有的作用具有十分重要的意义。上诉制度的功能主要有两个:一是实现对当事人实体权利和诉讼权利的合法救济;二是实现法律适用和解释上的统一。%The appeal system of the current civil procedure in our country exists in an mistake in function setting up.This phenomenon affects directly the function of appeal the system should have.Moreover,it also opens convenient door for the higher court interfere with the judgment of the lower court.So it is very important to definite the function of appeal afresh,to develop the function that system should have.The functions of appeal mainly have two aspects: one is to realize right relief for entity right and procedure right of litigation;another is to realize unify of the law explain with apply.

  17. United State Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board, and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--June 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to June 30, 1988 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This edition replaces in their entirety earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through June 30, 1988

  18. 论学前教育政策伦理诉求的源泉%On the Source of Ethical Appeals of Preschool Education Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田涛; 吴定初

    2015-01-01

    学前教育政策的伦理诉求是学前教育政策的道德原则和价值规范。学前教育政策的伦理诉求并非平白无故产生,而是有其特定的源泉。学前教育政策的伦理诉求既源生于政策过程的公共性品质,又立基于教育活动的育人性特质,还植根于学前阶段的慈幼性品质。%Ethical appeals of preschool education policy are the moral principles and value norms of preschool education policy. The ethical appeals of preschool education policy do not emerge without any cause or reason, but from specific sources. The ethical appeals of preschool education policy are origina⁃ted from the public quality of preschool educational process, based on the instruction trait of preschool educational activities, and rooted in the loving⁃kindness of the young of preschool stage.

  19. Analysis of Emotional Appealing in Advertisement Design%广告设计中情感诉求的营造分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王旭倩

    2012-01-01

    从消费者心理学的角度出发,分析了现代广告设计中消费者的不同情感诉求,并结合优秀广告案例,论述了情感诉求在现代广告设计中的重要价值,进而提出了营造情感诉求的具体方法,即将情感注入广告产品中,使广告产生特定的情感意境,使人与广告内容进行情感交流,用广告中的情感来诱发消费者的感情,增加广告产品的商品附加值,以达到更加完美的广告效果。%Based on the customers' psychology,it classified the different advertisement emotional appeal into several parts,combined some excellent advertisement cases,pointed out the important value of emotional appeal,and then proposed some detailed techniques of constructing emotional appeal,which brought some specific emotion and unique emotional artistic conception for the advertisements,enhanced the interactivity and cause resonance between customers and designers,and promoted the added value and the effects to a perfect level.

  20. 审美论音乐教育哲学诉求探析%An Aesthetic Approach to Philosophical Appeal in Musical Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩忠岭

    2014-01-01

    在音乐教育理论研究领域,审美论的音乐教育哲学并非某些理论家的臆造,而是作为音乐教育行业领域的一种必然职业诉求。审美论音乐教育哲学致力于音乐审美的哲学诉求,不仅在于提升音乐教育从业者的职业地位,同时也为了音乐教育实践工作提供一种思想的凝聚力,体现了哲学对时代精神的反映。%In the theoretic study of musical education, the philosophical appeal in musical education from an aesthetic perspective is not imagined out of nothing by some theorists, but a necessary professional appeal facing musical educators. The musical education philosophy is mainly about the philosophical appeal arising from musical aesthetics, not only contributing to the professional status of musical education practitioners, but also proving a cohesive force among musical educators, embodying the philosophical relfections of the times.

  1. 从转基因事件透析公众心理诉求及调适对策%Public Psychological Appeals on Transgenic Events and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍有光; 于慧丽

    2016-01-01

    Purpose/Significance] The development of transgenic brings new prospect for human beings, while the psychological appeals and resistance of the public have influenced the transgenic development process of China. Understanding the public psychological appeals could help optimize the public opinion environment and solve some problems existing in the development of transgenic. There are only few researches in the existing literature on dynamic transgenic public opinion currently. [ Method/Process] This paper summarizes the public e-motions and social cognitions on transgenic events at different stages and hence analyzes public psychological appeals by combing 34 trans-genic events from 1994 to 2015. It compares the different psychological appeals among public and government, scientists, media and other stakeholders nowadays. [ Result/Conclusion] It is concluded that public psychological appeals must be taken into account in the transgenic strategy selection and policy decisions. Countermeasures for government, scientists and the media to adjust public mentality are also put forward at last.%[目的/意义]转基因的发展为人类带来崭新的前景,但公众的心理诉求和抵触情绪已经影响了我国转基因发展进程。了解公众心理诉求能够优化舆论环境,解决转基因发展中存在的一些问题。现有文献对转基因舆情动态研究还不多。[方法/过程]通过对1994-2015年间34件转基因事件的梳理,总结公众在不同阶段对转基因事件的情绪反应和社会认知,分析公众在不同阶段的心理诉求,对比当下公众与政府、科学家和媒体等利益相关者的认知和态度差异。[结果/结论]得出我国在实施转基因战略选择和政策决定中不得不关照和疏导公众心理的结论。最后提出政府、科学家和媒体调适公众心理的对策。

  2. The appeal of the green deal: Empirical evidence for the influence of energy efficiency policy on renovating homeowners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Green Deal is a major new energy policy designed to support the diffusion of energy efficiency measures in UK homes. This paper provides one of the first empirical examinations of the Green Deal′s success in influencing homeowners’ renovation decisions. Using a repeated measures design in which households were questioned before and after the Green Deal′s launch in January 2013, we assess the policy′s success in raising awareness of energy efficiency. In particular, we test the effectiveness of the Green Deal′s positioning to overcome barriers to renovation among homeowners already interested in or considering energy efficiency measures. Using the innovation decision process (Rogers, 2003) as a conceptual framing of the renovation decision process, we examine whether new information on energy efficiency provided by the Green Deal strengthened intentions and its antecedents. We find that (1) energy efficiency is of potential appeal to all renovators regardless of their attitudes about energy efficiency, (2) energy efficiency opportunities need to be identified in the early stages of renovation when homeowners are thinking about ways to improve their home, and (3) homeowners’ intentions towards energy efficiency are weakened by uncertainty about financial benefits, helping to explain the relatively slow uptake of the Green Deal to-date. - Highlights: • Examines the impact of a major new energy policy, the Green Deal, on intentions towards energy efficiency. • 502 households questioned four months prior to, and seven months after the launch. • Renovating itself is mechanism through which households engage with the Green Deal. • Strengthening beliefs in energy savings accelerates intentions to renovate energy efficiently

  3. Revealing of human nature in legends appealing to all%雅俗共融中的人性彰显

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张徽

    2015-01-01

    张爱玲的小说既融汇中国传统小说技法,又借鉴西方现代小说技巧,融两者于一炉的“张爱玲体”使她成为雅俗共融的“通俗小说大师”。她以女性特有的目光,以个人独有的生活遭际、个性特征、文学修养和天赋才能,记录了20世纪二、三十年代生活于沪、港畸形洋场文化环境中的畸形的遗老遗少及纨绔子弟的畸形生活,描写他们的“传奇”故事,在雅与俗之间游刃有余地游走,将人性中的诸般复杂揭露得入木三分,创造出了一种新旧交织、雅俗共赏的独特风格。%With Chinese traditional novel techniques and western modern novel techniques, Zhang Ailing's novel is featured as Zhang Ailing Style, which makes her "master of popular fiction" appealing to all. In her novel she records the deformed life of the deformed survivals of bygone ages and the good-for-nothing young men from wealthy families in the deformed westernized culture of the metropolis of Shanghai before liberation, which she describes from her peculiar feminist perspective and with her unique sufferings, personal characteristics, and her literary accomplishments and talents. She writes the legends mingled with both refined and vulgar tastes, profoundly revealing the complexities in human nature and forming her unique style of coexistence of old and new which enjoyed by both refined and popular tastes.

  4. Claims and Appeals (Medicare)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... plans Ways to pay Part A & Part B premiums Costs at a glance What Medicare Covers Is ... File a complaint Identity theft: protect yourself Phone numbers & websites Privacy practices Contact Medicare The page could ...

  5. Appeal for witnesses

    CERN Multimedia

    Claude Lamboley

    2010-01-01

      On Monday, 11 January 2010 between 7.30 a.m. and 8 a.m., in front of the Reception Building 33, my car was damaged by a large vehicle (see photographs) but the driver failed to leave any indication of his or her identity. If you have any information about this incident, please contact me on 74421.

  6. Appealing to the State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Marie Vejrup

    This essay analyzes identity formation of majority religion in the context of intentional, political processes of change in state-church relations from a perspective that combines discursive institutionalism with the insights from governance research.......This essay analyzes identity formation of majority religion in the context of intentional, political processes of change in state-church relations from a perspective that combines discursive institutionalism with the insights from governance research....

  7. Imported Wines Widen Appeal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN LIXIN

    2006-01-01

    @@ "There are many factors contributing to the healthy growth of the wine market in China,"says Don St. Pierre, Jr., managing partner of ASC Fine Wines (Shanghai) Co Ltd, one of China's largest importers and distributors of fine wines. "The reduction in tariffs has helped - it has made wines more affordable. But also driving growth is the rise in Chinese people's incomes and their increasing interest in enjoying what is perceived as a socially and culturally sophisticated lifestyle."

  8. SEAFDEC appeals - Save mangroves!

    OpenAIRE

    1995-01-01

    The article presents action plans that could be done to stop and prevent further degradation of the mangrove ecosystem. These action plans are: conservation, mangrove reforestation and the practice of ecologically sound aquaculture.

  9. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board Decisions, July 1972-March 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 7 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to March 31, 1987 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 7 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through March 31, 1987

  10. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--September 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 1 of the fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to September 30, 1988 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 1 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through September 30, 1988

  11. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest. Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-September 1985. Digest No. 4, Revision No. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 1 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to September 30, 1985 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 1 replaces earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the admendments to the Rules of Practice effective through September 20, 1985

  12. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--December 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 6 of the fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1989 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 6 replaces in part earlier editions and revisions and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through December 31, 1989

  13. 明代诣阙上诉与国家政治研究%Study on Demotic Appeal and State Politics in Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    展龙

    2015-01-01

    明代民众诣阙上诉蔚为风潮,诉访事宜广涉政治、经济、社会等。其中,民众控告官员罪行、乞留清官胥吏、揭露地方败政等诣阙上诉行为多能得到明廷允准,并根据上诉事宜,因事制宜、规范程序,惩治贪官、以示警戒,受理陈诉、除弊兴利,转送推诿、不予受理。诣阙上诉体现了明人追求申诉权、公正权的自觉意识与执着精神,蕴含着一定的权利意识和民主观念。虽然明代诣阙上诉存在诸多局限,但仍是明廷了解舆情、洞察民意、肃清吏治、监控社会的重要途径。%Demotic appeal tends to be a general and common choice for the public in Ming Dynas⁃ty, which involves wide range of fields of politics, economics, society and education, etc. Some ap⁃peal behaviors often show effectiveness with the permission of court, such as accusing officials, beg⁃ging for holdover and exposing corruption. Meanwhile, the results change with varied treatment meth⁃ods of standardizing procedure by adjusting measures to different events, warning officialdom by pun⁃ishing corrupted officials, eliminating and profiting by accepting cases or refusing to accept by buck passing. Demotic appeal contains certain right consciousness and democratic concept for embodying a value of self consciousness and persistent spirit of pursuing right of appeal and justice for the peo⁃ple of Ming Dynasty. Limitations as the behavior has, demotic appeal is an appropriate approach for government to have insight into public opinion, rectify the official sect and control society as well.

  14. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff Practice and Procedure Digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-December 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 6 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1986, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 6 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through December 31, 1986

  15. An Appealing Connection–The Role of Relationship Marketing in the Attraction and Retention of Students in an Australian Tertiary Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duncan Moore

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The higher education sector is increasingly facing competition from tertiary providers at both a domestic and international level. This has led to a range of ever more complex challenges with regard to the attraction, maintenance and retention of the student base. There is an important need therefore to understand the factors which contribute to positive perceptions of tertiary services and the way in which these affect the student experience and drive student retention. The improvement of retention rates through the formation of meaningful and long-term relationships with students is subsequently of high importance. This research explores students’ perceptions of the relationship that they enter into with their chosen tertiary institution and the effect that this has on the development of student loyalty. In particular this research examines the salience of relationship appeal, satisfaction, affective commitment and trust on student loyalty. A structural equation modelling approach was adopted using a sample of 426 first year undergraduate students of a large Australian metropolitan university. Importantly, next to satisfaction, relationship appeal was found to be the second strongest determinant of student loyalty. This was then followed by affective commitment. Interestingly trust did not influence relationship development. Conclusions, implications and opportunities for future research are presented. From a managerial perspective, it is expected that uncovering first year students’ perceptions of the student-institution relationship will enable higher education institutions to develop more targeted relationship marketing programs and increase student retention.

  16. Mythos Qualifikation – Berufungsverfahren unter der gleichstellungspolitischen Lupe The Legend of Qualification—Appeals Procedures under the Microscope of Political Equality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Blome

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Auf der Grundlage von qualitativen Interviews und einer Vollerhebung aller Verfahrensregelungen liefert die Studie eine umfassende Analyse der Gestaltung von Berufungsverfahren aus gleichstellungspolitischer Perspektive. Aufgrund der ergänzenden konkreten Handlungsempfehlungen zum gleichstellungsorientierten Verfahrensmanagement verhilft die Untersuchung nicht nur zu einer empirisch fundierten Einsicht in die Diskriminierungsmechanismen an deutschen Hochschulen, sondern stellt zudem einen wichtigen Beitrag für die Integration von Gleichstellung in die aktuellen Reformen von Berufungsverfahren dar.The study provides a broad analysis of the structure of appeals procedures from the perspective of political equality. It does so on the grounds of qualitative interviews and a comprehensive survey of all procedural rules. Based on supplemental and concrete suggestions for implementing equity-oriented procedural management, the examination not only helps readers toward an empirically ensured insight into the mechanisms of discrimination at German institutes of higher education, but it also presents an important contribution to the integration of equal opportunities in the current reforms of the appeals procedures.

  17. 广告诉求与购买意愿:产品类型、产品涉入的交互作用%Advertisement Appeal and Willingness to Buy:the Interactivity of Product Classification and Involvement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭国庆; 周健明; 邓诗鉴

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,though we can find many researches on advertisement appeal,there is no unified final conclusion about if rational appeals or emotional appeals will provide consumers’purchasing behavior with better guidance,and researches on the application condition of advertisement are not profound enough. Taking young consumer group in one certain university as the research object,the authors carry out an empirical research on the relation between different kinds of advertisement appeal and consumers’willingness to buy through experiment design and questionnaire,and examine the interactive role of different product classifications and product involvement levels in the relation mentioned above. It is found that different advertisement appeal patterns will have significant different influences on consumers’willingness to buy,and rational appeals will have better result than emotional ones. The effect of product classification on the relation between advertisement appeal and consumers’willingness to buy is determined by the level of product involvement. When consumers are purchasing products with practicability and higher level of involvement,the rational advertisement appeal will better promote consumers’willingness to buy,and the relation between rational advertisement appeal and consumers’willingness to buy will be strengthened;when consumers are purchasing product with the purpose of pleasure,the emotional advertisement appeal will better promote consumers’willingness to buy,and the relation between emotional advertisement appeal and consumers’willingness to buy will be further strengthened.%近年来有关广告诉求有效性的研究较多,但关于理性诉求和感性诉求哪一个更能导致积极的购买行为并无统一定论,且对各种广告诉求方式的适用条件也缺乏深入探讨。文章以我国某所大学的年轻消费群体为研究对象,通过实验设计与问卷测量实证研究不同广告诉求与消费

  18. A Study of Process Dissociation of the Memory Effects of Sexual Appeal Printed AD%平面性诉求广告记忆效果的加工分离研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭彦琴

    2011-01-01

    With the increasingly fierce market competition,marketeers resort all the more to sexual appeal AD to attract consumers,increase consumer interest,and improve the advertisement effect.Therefore,an appropriate degree of sexual appeal and an analysis of advertisement audience cognitive information processing by sexual appeal are important.With the proliferation of advertising messages,advertisers are increasingly using sex appeal to attract the audiences attention.Despite a number of relevant studies at home and abroad, no agreement has been reached in terms of sexual appeal AD or the celebrity effect. Past studies used two methods to study the effects of advertising memory:direct measurement(e.g.recall,recognition) and implicit attitude.In fact,neither of the methods can distinguish between explicit and implicit memory.In the research of sexual appeal AD,most of the experimental results are from America,and local experiments are relatively few.So we need a new method and perspective for the study.In order to improve the memory effect of sexual appeal AD,analyzing the audience information processing sexual appeal AD is particularly important.Thus,this research used the PDP method to distinguish between the implicit and explicit information processing of audience to sexual appeal AD,to explore the information processing model and to explore the causes.In the study, 122 college students were chosen as testees.The study involved a 3×2×2 factorial experiment to investigate how cognitive information processing would respond to sexual appeal AD by analyzing the response to the bare type(implicative,generally,explicit) and different types of celebrity spokespersons(famous,ordinary ) in advertising. The results showed that 1.From the explicit control of processing,memory of implicative sexual appeal AD got the best effect.2. From the implicit automation processing,the automatic processing of explicit sexual appeal AD got the best effect.People paid more

  19. On the Aesthetic Charm of Guzheng Solo Appeal of Peking Opera%论筝曲《戏韵》的审美意趣

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘方

    2012-01-01

    文章主要从审美的角度,通过戏味与京韵、写意与造境两方面,以古筝独奏曲《戏韵》的结构和各段落的表现手法,论述了乐曲所具有的审美意趣。同时,阐述了音乐与其他门类艺术之间在创作手法、表现形式、欣赏规律等方面所具有的共性。%This paper analyzes Guzheng Solo Appeal of Peking Opera from the perspectives of the opera charm and Peking rhyme,freehand expression and moods setting to illustrate the aesthetic charm the opera conveys.It also elaborates the commonality shared by music and other arts in creation,expression and appreciation.

  20. Theoretical strengthening of the concept of appealing in analysed sermons on Matthew 25:31–46 in the context of poverty in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hennie J.C. Pieterse

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available From a qualitative grounded theory analysis in a sample of 26 sermons with Matthew 25:31–46 as sermon text, a rhetorical structure of how the preachers try to convince their listeners to care for the poor emerged. The homiletical concept of appealing related to all the categories borne out of the analysis of the inner world of the 26 sermons, and also to the categories showing this rhetorical structure in the sermons. The article discusses what the dimensions are in the concept of appealing borne out of the sermons in which the rhetorical structure was apparent, which rhetorical theory would fit as theoretical base for the concept of appealing in its relationship with the rhetorical structure in the sermons, and what dilemma the preachers face when they try to convince their listeners to participate in the care for the poor. The rhetorical theory of deliberative rhetoric (Aristotle and the classical theory with the three dimensions logos, ethos and pathosis discussed in this article as theoretical thickening of the concept of appealing to the listeners of the sermons. This article attempts to demonstrate how to go about theorising from a grounded theory analysis of sermons with Matthew 25:31–46 as a sermon text with, as result, a theory that could help preachers in preaching from this text in the context of poverty in South Africa.Vanuit ’n kwalitatief-gegronde teorie-ontleding (grounded theory analysis van 26 preke met Matteus 25:31–46 as preekteks, het ’n retoriese struktuur na vore gekom waarmee predikers hulle toehoorders wil oorreed om armes te versorg. Die homiletiese konsep van appèl, hou verband met al die kategorieë wat uit die inhoudsanalise van die binnewêreld van die 26 preke na vore gekom het, asook die kategorieë waarin die retoriese struktuur sigbaar is. Die artikel bespreek die dimensies in die konsep van appèl wat na vore kom uit die preke waarin die retoriese struktuur duidelik is, welke retoriese teorie as

  1. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--December 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 10 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1987 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 10 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through December 31, 1987. The Digest is roughly structured in accordance with the chronological sequence of the nuclear facility licensing process as set forth in Appendix A to 10 CFR Part 2. Those decisions which did not fit into that structure are dealt with in a section on ''general matters.'' Where appropriate, particular decisions are indexed under more than one heading. Some topical headings contain no decision citations or discussion

  2. Project on Training of Non-Formal Education Personnel: National Workshops in Bhutan, Nepal, and India cum Study Visits Undertaken by Teams of China, Lao PDR and Viet Nam (June 17-July 5, 1998) (APPEAL).

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.

    This report is a summary of study visits plus workshops that took place in Bhutan, Nepal, and India in 1998 within the framework of UNESCO's Asia-Pacific Programme of Education for All (APPEAL). Three educators each from China, Lao PDR, and Vietnam and educators from the host countries participated. The project aimed to promote literacy and…

  3. NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR COMBATING DISCRIMINATION – COURT OF JUSTICE OF EUROPEAN UNION – BUCHAREST COURT OF APPEAL. CAUSE C-81/12

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian JURA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The scope of this investigation consists in closing the jurisdictional circle initiated in 2010 and analysing the national and European procedural, jurisdictional-administrative issues, in case of notifying some institutions related to certain discriminatory assertions. The investigation relies on assertions made during a radio show. On 12 October 2011 the Bucharest Court of Appeal ruled the notification of the Court of Justice of European Union related to preliminary questions formulated and ordered the suspension of the case until the settlement of the procedure. In 2013, the Bucharest Court of Appeal, although initially accepting the preliminary application of ACCEPT, submitting the case to the Court of Justice of European Union in order to determine the manner of interpretation of communitarian legislation related to the claims of plaintiff, eventually all arguments of CNCD have been accepted that is the warning is an effective, reasonable, dissuasive and (contextual proportional sanction, and such declaration cannot be understood as a discrimination in the labour field. De facto, the assertions of CNCD were in full agreement with the resolution of the Court of Justice of European Union, that is the communitarian legislation does not exclude the application of some sanctions without pecuniary character, such as the sanction with warning, since this kind of sanction does not have only a symbolic character, being a contraventional legal sanction, mainly when associated a relevant degree of advertising (such in the case, and the addressee is addressed, with arguments, directly and expressly the recommendation of meeting the non-discrimination principle, under the implicit effect of a more drastic sanction in case of relapse (discrimination in the same field.

  4. Impact of Self Concept on the Effectiveness of Different Nostalgia Appeals%自我概念对两类怀旧广告诉求有效性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴俊武; 赵广志; 张泽林

    2011-01-01

    Nostalgia, a yearning for the past, has become so ubiquitous in the popular culture that it is frequently referred as a "nostalgia boom" in many public media and has been a popular research topic. As nostalgia continues to expand in its depth and scope, nostalgia themes are frequently seen in consumer advemsing that matches consumers' carving for nostalgia. However, research on nostalgia advertising remains scarce and the communication effectiveness of such ads is not well understood nor do researchers and practitioners generally agree on the best approaches to take with nostalgia advertising. In fact, some advertisers view the use of nostalgia advertising as a minefield and call for extreme caution in employing the tactic because the use of nostalgia advertising could potentially undermine the brand heritage. The conflict views in the real advertising industry leave us an open question what's nostalgia advertising's real effect?Guided by the idea of marketing segmentation and given the richness and complexity of nostalgia experience, a fruitful approach for nostalgia advertising will be to clearly differentiate the themes of nostalgia appeals and then match a specific nostalgia appeal to a segment of consumers with particular characters. In this research, we distinguish two types of nostalgia advertising appeals: individual nostalgia appeal and collective nostalgia appeal. Furthermore, we segment the target market to two parts based on consumer's self concept as independent self and interdependent self. Advertisers can assign proper nostalgia advertising appeal to their target consumers to boost ad persuasiveness. We conducted two experiments to test how segments of Chinese consumers (independent vs. interdependent) responded differently to two types nostalgia appeals (individual vs.collective) .The results showed that individual nostalgia appeal will be more effective than collective nostalgia appeal for consumers with an independent self concept; whereas

  5. Does the Effect of Micro-Environmental Factors on a Street's Appeal for Adults' Bicycle Transport Vary across Different Macro-Environments? An Experimental Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lieze Mertens

    Full Text Available Characteristics of the physical environment can be classified into two broad categories: macro- ("raw" urban planning features influenced on a regional level and micro- (features specifically within a streetscape influenced on a neighborhood level environmental factors. In urban planning applications, it is more feasible to modify conditions at the neighborhood level than at the regional level. Yet for the promotion of bicycle transport we need to know whether relationships between micro-environmental factors and bicycle transport depend on different types of macro-environments. This study aimed to identify whether the effect of three micro-environmental factors (i.e., evenness of the cycle path surface, speed limits and type of separation between cycle path and motorized traffic on the street's appeal for adults' bicycle transport varied across three different macro-environments (i.e., low, medium and high residential density street.In total, 389 middle-aged adults completed a web-based questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic characteristics and a series of choice tasks with manipulated photographs, depicting two possible routes to cycle along. Conjoint analysis was used to analyze the data.Although the magnitude of the overall effects differed, in each macro-environment (i.e., low, medium and high residential density, middle-aged adults preferred a speed limit of 30 km/h, an even cycle path surface and a hedge as separation between motorized traffic and the cycle path compared to a speed limit of 50 or 70 km/h, a slightly uneven or uneven cycle path surface and a curb as separation or no separation between motorized traffic and the cycle path.Our results suggest that irrespective of the macro-environment, the same micro-environmental factors are preferred in middle-aged adults concerning the street's appeal for bicycle transport. The controlled environment simulations in the experimental choice task have the potential to inform real life

  6. The Effect of Inconsistency Appeals on the Influence of Direct-to-Consumer Prescription Drug Advertisements: An Application of Goal Disruption Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Benjamin D; Siegel, Jason T

    2016-01-01

    Scholars across multiple domains have identified the presence of inconsistency-arousing information in direct-to-consumer prescription drug advertisements and have suggested that these appeals, which highlight differences between people's actual and desired lives, may create psychological disequilibrium. However, experimental assessment of the distinct influence of inconsistency-arousing information in this domain is rare. Guided by goal disruption theory-a framework that outlines people's reactions to goal expectation violations-we created direct-to-consumer advertisements designed to make people's life inconsistencies salient. The influence of these ads on people's perceptions of, and intentions to use, prescription drugs was then assessed. Results from a structural equation modeling analysis supported the proposed model, indicating that compared to a control ad, an ad containing a goal expectation violation manipulation resulted in higher levels of psychological disequilibrium; in turn, psychological disequilibrium led to positive evaluations of the ad and the drug, positive outcome expectations of the drug, increased purposive harm endurance, and increased usage intentions. The current results suggest a psychological pathway that begins with a negative goal expectation violation and ends with increased usage intentions and a greater willingness to endure harm to make use possible. PMID:26716683

  7. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--September 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 9 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to September 30, 1987 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 9 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through September 30, 1987. The Digest is roughly structured in accordance with the chronological sequence of the nuclear facility licensing process as set forth in Appendix A to 10 CFR Part 2. Those decisions which did not fit into that structure are dealt with in a section on ''general matters.'' Where appropriate, particular decisions are indexed under more than one heading. Some topical headings contain no decisions citations or discussion. It is anticipated that future updates to the Digest will utilize these headings

  8. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board Decisions, July 1972--December 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 2 of the fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1988, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 2 replaces in part earlier editions and revisions and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice Effective through December 31, 1988. The Practice and Procedure Digest was originally prepared by attorneys in the NRC's Office of the Executive Legal Director (now, Office of the General Counsel) as an internal research tool. Because of its proven usefulness to those attorneys, it was decided that it might also prove useful to members of the public. Accordingly, the decision was made to publish the Digest and subsequent editions thereof. This edition of the Digest was prepared by attorneys from Aspen Systems Corporation pursuant to Contract number 18-89-346

  9. The ordinary means of appeal in criminal law, from the perspective of the provisions of Law no. 202/2010 (“the small reform” and of the new Code of Criminal Procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca-Lelia LORINCZ

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Aiming to ensure the celerity of the Romanian criminal trial, the legislative changes of the present Code of Criminal Procedure through Law no. 202/2010 have impacted also the matter of appeals, leading to fewer degrees of jurisdiction in most criminal cases.The actual Romanian Code of Criminal Procedure governs, as a general rule, the triple level of jurisdiction in criminal matters, dedicating two ordinary means of attack: the appeal and the recourse; consequently to the legislative changes of the present Code of Criminal Procedure (through Law no.202/2010, only the cases that are first trialed in a court can still undergo both ordinary means of attack. Also, Law no.135/2010 regarding the new Code of Criminal Procedure brings changes with regard to ordinary means of attack, and, implicitly, with regard to the levels of jurisdiction. Thus, with the purpose of ensuring the celerity of the criminal trial and the acceleration of the settlement of the criminal cases, under the circumstances in which there will be an increase of guarantees in the criminal prosecution phase and in the first instance trial, in the matter of means of attack the new code stipulates the ordinary means of attack of appeal, fully devolutive. Regarding the recourse, this will become an extraordinary means of attack (under the name of recourse in cassation, exercised only in exceptional cases and only for reasons of illegality.

  10. Apelos racionais e emocionais na propaganda de medicamentos de prescrição: estudo de um remédio para emagrecer Rational and emotional appeals in prescription drug advertising: study of a weight loss drug

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melby Karina Zuniga Huertas

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A propaganda Direta ao Consumidor (DC de medicamentos encoraja as pessoas a perguntar aos médicos por determinados medicamentos e tratamentos que requerem prescrição médica. Para aumentar o poder persuasivo, modelos de propaganda recomendam equiparar os apelos (racionais e/ou emocionais à atitude do consumidor sobre o produto (cognitiva e/ou afetiva. Essa recomendação gera controvérsias no âmbito da propaganda DC. Apelos emocionais seriam sempre inadequados, embora freqüentemente utilizados, nesse tipo de propaganda. Devido à inexistência de evidência empírica sobre a perspectiva do consumidor, empreendeu-se um levantamento descritivo com objetivo de avaliar: i os componentes da atitude sobre medicamentos; ii a atitude e as intenções comportamentais frente a anúncios DC (um com apelos racionais e outro com apelos emocionais. Escolheu-se um medicamento de prescrição para emagrecer. Constatou-se atitude predominantemente cognitiva sobre o produto e atitude e intenção comportamental mais favorável frente a anúncio racional. Cognição negativa sobre o produto foi marcante, anulando o poder persuasivo de apelos emocionais.The Direct-to-Consumer (DTC advertising of medicines encourages people to ask doctors for certain medicines and treatments that require medical prescription. In order to enhance their persuasive power, advertising models recommend matching the appeals (rational and/or emotional to the consumer's attitude (cognitive and/or affective towards the product. This recommendation leads to controversies in the context of DTC advertising. Emotional appeals, although frequently used, would always be inadequate in that kind of advertising. In absence of empiric evidence of the consumer's perspective, a descriptive research was undertaken with the objective of evaluating: i the components of the attitude toward medicines; ii attitude and behavioral intentions in response to DTC ads (one appealing to reason and the other

  11. [High Court of Appeals. Celle 23. A. On the question of permissability of confiscation of the medical records. B. On the criminal nature of nonmedically indicated sterilizations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1963-01-01

    A female complainant sued a physician (Dr. A) for breach of physician-patient confidentiality by having submitted medical records, including her medical record, in preliminary court procedures against another physician (Dr. D) on trial for performing illegal tubal sterilizations. She also sued the Public Prosecutor for having instigated the public display of her medical record. Complaints were dismissed by the Court of Appeals. Reasons for dismissal: Dr. A acted in the capacity of a physician in which he had a right to see the medical records whether or not complainant was known to him (the records belonged to Dr. D and were in Dr. A's safekeeping). Also, Dr. A acted within the law because the prosecutor could legally request the records in a criminal procedure and would have obtained them with or without his cooperation. The medical records in this case served as evidence in a criminal case against Dr. D who was suspected of criminal actions punishable under the law with 2-10 years of imprisonment. There was suspicion that, in hundreds of cases, he had inflicted severe bodily harm (according to the law on sterilization); he himself had admitted having performed 60% of the tubal sterilizations for non medical reasons. It was also suspected that complainant herself had colluded with Dr. D in this by consenting to and requesting the procedure. Although the latter is not punishable in itself, it connects her with Dr. D's criminal actions and is morally objectionable. The public interest in punishing of criminal acts takes precedence over the complainant's claim to safeguarding of her privacy. The complainant's further accusation of the Public Prosecutor's obtaining knowledge of possible other criminal acts (e.g., induced abortion) from the medical records in the case was dismissed; the law expressly forbids the use of any evidence for purposes other than for the case at hand. PMID:12266140

  12. Interaction Effects of Web Content Appeal Strategies with User Tasks and Its Influence on Eye-Movement Pattern%Web信息诉求与用户任务交互的眼动模式发现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦林婵; 钟宁; 吕胜富; 粟觅

    2012-01-01

    眼球运动是人类心理与认知状态的外在表现,已有的研究大多分别考察外界信息表象或用户内源状态对眼动的影响,很少有人专注于外界信息的诉求方式与用户任务交互对眼动的影响.本文利用眼动跟踪技术,采用感性诉求与理性诉求两种信息表达方式,给参试者分配喜好任务和匹配任务,考察Web信息的诉求方式与用户任务的交互作用对眼动的影响.实验结果发现:参试者在不同任务条件下观察同一诉求方式的Web信息时,有着不同的眼动模式;且这种眼动模式的差异受到其所观察信息的诉求方式的影响.实验说明:参试者的眼动模式制约于内在任务的同时也受外界信息诉求方式影响,在充分考虑这两者交互作用的前提下,基于眼动数据进行用户分类是可行的.%Eye-movement is an external manifestation of human psychology and cognitive status. Most previous research focus on how eye-movement is affected by the outside information representations or users' inside states,the interaction effects of appeals of Web information to users' tasks and its impacts to users' eye-movement patterns were seldomly studied. Eye-tracking technology was applied to investigate how the appeals of Web information interact to users' tasks and impacts on eye-movement patterns; emotional appeal and rational appeal were adopted to describe information, and participants were assigned preference and matching tasks in the experiment. The results showed that there were different eye-movement patterns between participants on preference task and on matching task;meanwhile,these differences were impacted by the appeals of the information being watched. The results suggest that, participants' eye-movement patterns are not only restricted to the inside tasks,but also affected by outside information appeal strategies. On the premise of fully considering this interaction effect,it is reasonable to utilize eye

  13. Means of Facts and Evidences in Complaint Trials in German Civil Appeal System%德国民事上诉制度之控诉审中的事实和证据手段

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高斯亮

    2014-01-01

    Germany is one of the most representative nations of the continental law system, whose civil appeal system exerting profound influence on many countries. German complaint trial system has important referential significance to the reform of China’s appeal system. The goal of German complaint trial is correcting a wrong judgment of first instance trial or the wrong of the objective program that the innocent party can not eliminate. Focusing on means of facts and evidence in complaint trials, this paper redefines function of complaint trials by analyzing the current legal provisions, and puts forward effective legal suggestions for improving existing problems in complaint trials, so as to provide new ideas for the reconstruction of China’s appeal system.%德国是大陆法系的最具代表性的国家之一,其民事诉讼制度对许多国家产生了深远的影响。德国的控诉审制度对我国上诉制度改革有重要借鉴意义。德国控诉审的目标是纠正一审错误裁判或者一审中无过错当事人无法消除的客观程序错误。该文以控诉审中的事实和证据手段为切入点,通过分析现行法律的规定,重新界定控诉审的职能,提出改进控诉审中存在的问题的有效法律建议,为我国上诉制度的重构提供新的思路。

  14. Appeal filed in Kallas case

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Prokurör Jaan Naaber kaebas edasi Tallinna Linnakohtu õigeksmõistva otsuse ametiseisundi kuritarvitamises süüdistatud endise Eesti Panga presidendi Siim Kallase ja Eesti Panga töötaja Urmas Kaju üle

  15. How to improve HTR's appeal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After some initial success at the end of the sixties and in the seventies the development of the HTR (High-Temperature Reactor) stagnated in the eighties and nineties. The latter did some harm to HTR's good reputation. As it is a well known strategy to build on success some arguments are in favour to base HTR's further development on the older designs. This strategy has to some extent been followed in the Netherlands as the development of a small power design was preferred. In addition to a Technology Assessment, a pre-feasibility study was executed. Based on these activities a couple of pitfalls are exposed. The paper gives some guidelines how they might be overcome. With regard to the future attention is paid to which environmental, technical as well as public confidence problems may be faced. Finally, a prospect of HTR's future role on energy production and especially electricity generation will be presented. 15 p

  16. Outsourcing can have great appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Martin

    2002-05-01

    Build, own, operate; energy performance contracting; asset acquisition and management. These are among latest trends in energy and facilities management. What they mean and how they apply to the health sector are subjects addressed in this article, which is based on an International Federation of Hospital Engineering Congress paper presented by Martin Turner, of Australia, for AGL Limited. PMID:12055891

  17. TAX LIABILITIES. APPEAL TO FORECLOSURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RĂDULESCU DRAGOŞ LUCIAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available According to art. 622 of the Code of Civil Procedure, the obligation established by court order or by another enforceable title is carried out willingly. If the debtor does not carry out his duties willingly, it will be achieved by foreclosure.

  18. TAX LIABILITIES. APPEAL TO FORECLOSURE

    OpenAIRE

    RĂDULESCU DRAGOŞ LUCIAN

    2014-01-01

    According to art. 622 of the Code of Civil Procedure, the obligation established by court order or by another enforceable title is carried out willingly. If the debtor does not carry out his duties willingly, it will be achieved by foreclosure.

  19. Drama, drive and sensuous appeal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2002-01-01

    Introduction to Bent Lorentzen and his music, with focus on the piano music. Booklet accomapnying a complete recording of the piano works by Erik Kaltoft......Introduction to Bent Lorentzen and his music, with focus on the piano music. Booklet accomapnying a complete recording of the piano works by Erik Kaltoft...

  20. Persuasive Appeal for Clean Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuFrene, Debbie D.; Lehman, Carol M.

    2002-01-01

    Notes that one way to expose students to the problems associated with profanity is to tie the exploration and discussion of the issue to the persuasive writing assignment that is common in many undergraduate business communication courses. Presents a discussion of such an assignment. (SG)

  1. 赋予刑事案件被害人上诉权的可行性浅析%Feasibility Analysis of Giving Victim the Right to Appeal in Criminal Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甄思宇

    2014-01-01

    刑事案件的被害人作为刑事诉讼当事人之一,却不享有其他当事人所享有的上诉权,为此有学者呼吁,为了追求平等原则和保障人权,应当也赋予被害人上诉权。采取如下措施可充分保障被害人的权益:(1)通过立法或司法解释增加提起抗诉申请的主体和范围;(2)延长上诉、抗诉的期限,明确判决书送达的方式及时间;(3)明确有关部门对于被害人抗诉请求权的告知义务;(4)规定审查抗诉申请有关人员的回避制度以及详细的处理规则;(5)增设抗诉申请被驳回之后的救济制度。%Victims of criminal cases, one of the criminal litigants involved in the cases, do not have the right to appeal. Some scholars have called for giving the victim the right to appeal in criminal cases for the pursuit of the principle of equality and the protection of human rights. Take the following measures to fully protect the rights of the victims: (1)increase the subject and scope of appealing application by legislation and judicial explanation;(2) extend the period for appealing and protesting and set a clear manner and deadline of delivering the verdict;(3) clarify relevant authorities’ obligation of notifying the victims the right to protest; (4) relevant personnel’s avoidance system and detailed processing rules; (5) additional relief system if the protest application is rejected.

  2. Effects of Congruency between Advertising Appeal and Country-of-Origin Stereotype on Brand Attitude%广告诉求-品牌来源国刻板印象匹配度对品牌态度的影响机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞隽; 毕圣

    2015-01-01

    基于刻板印象内容模型,作者将广告诉求分为诚意诉求和能力诉求,并研究了广告诉求和品牌来源国刻板印象对品牌态度的交互影响。通过两个实验,作者发现广告诉求和来源国刻板印象之间的匹配程度正向地影响消费者处理广告信息的流畅性,进而导致积极的情绪体验。消费者将这种积极情绪错误地归因到品牌上,从而产生积极的品牌态度。这一发现证实品牌来源国信息可以在消费者无意识的状态下通过情绪体验影响不同广告诉求的说服效果。%Country-of-origin (COO) is an informational and affective cue that influences consumers’ brand evaluation. Consumers rely on the “made in” label to infer product quality and attach emotional meanings to brands. While extensive studies have examined the magnitudes and mechanisms of COO effects, little has been understood about how this information influences the impact of other marketing variables on consumer behavior. The present research aimed to close this gap by proposing an advertising appeal-COO stereotype congruency effect on brand attitude and identifying the underlying mechanism from a processing fluency perspective. Based on the Stereotype Content Model, we introduced a new typology of advertising appeals—warmth appeal and competence appeal, and hypothesized that the congruency between advertising appeals and COO stereotype would increase processing fluency, which in turn leads to favorable brand attitudes. We conducted two studies to test these hypotheses. Study 1 examined the interaction between advertising appeal and COO stereotype in influencingbrand attitude and the mediating role of processing fluency. A total of 100 students participated in the 2 (advertising appeal: warmth vs. competence) × 2 (COO: Brazil vs. UK) between-subjects experiment. Participants read a print advertisment of a fictitious gum brand and then rated processing fluency and brand

  3. 广告诉求-品牌来源国刻板印象匹配度对品牌态度的影响机制%Effects of Congruency between Advertising Appeal and Country-of-Origin Stereotype on Brand Attitude

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞隽; 毕圣

    2015-01-01

    基于刻板印象内容模型,作者将广告诉求分为诚意诉求和能力诉求,并研究了广告诉求和品牌来源国刻板印象对品牌态度的交互影响。通过两个实验,作者发现广告诉求和来源国刻板印象之间的匹配程度正向地影响消费者处理广告信息的流畅性,进而导致积极的情绪体验。消费者将这种积极情绪错误地归因到品牌上,从而产生积极的品牌态度。这一发现证实品牌来源国信息可以在消费者无意识的状态下通过情绪体验影响不同广告诉求的说服效果。%Country-of-origin (COO) is an informational and affective cue that influences consumers’ brand evaluation. Consumers rely on the “made in” label to infer product quality and attach emotional meanings to brands. While extensive studies have examined the magnitudes and mechanisms of COO effects, little has been understood about how this information influences the impact of other marketing variables on consumer behavior. The present research aimed to close this gap by proposing an advertising appeal-COO stereotype congruency effect on brand attitude and identifying the underlying mechanism from a processing fluency perspective. Based on the Stereotype Content Model, we introduced a new typology of advertising appeals—warmth appeal and competence appeal, and hypothesized that the congruency between advertising appeals and COO stereotype would increase processing fluency, which in turn leads to favorable brand attitudes. We conducted two studies to test these hypotheses. Study 1 examined the interaction between advertising appeal and COO stereotype in influencingbrand attitude and the mediating role of processing fluency. A total of 100 students participated in the 2 (advertising appeal: warmth vs. competence) × 2 (COO: Brazil vs. UK) between-subjects experiment. Participants read a print advertisment of a fictitious gum brand and then rated processing fluency and brand

  4. Anodyne Ethics of Media and Accountability Appeal behind“Ten Pieces of Grand Fake News”%“十大假新闻”背后的传媒无痛伦理观及其问责诉求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭平剑

    2014-01-01

    Our media’s response to“ten pieces of grand fake news”is abnormal and fake news has been spreading in an alarming manner .Such phenomenon reflects that anodyne ethics has prevailed in our media ,which calls for the appeal for constructing media accountability mechanism .%我国新闻界对“十大假新闻”的不正常反应以及假新闻的蔓延,折射出无痛伦理观在我国新闻界的流行,其反映出的深层次问题为建构传媒问责制提出了现实诉求。

  5. ¿Qué hace que un anuncio sea atractivo? Análisis de los formatos creativos en publicidad desde la perspectiva de los consumidores portugueses What makes an ad enjoyable? Analysing advertising appeals as viewed by Portuguese consumers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa-Simões-Lucas FREITAS

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Los consumidores se enfrentan, hoy en día, a una variedad de medios que transmiten una amplia gama de mensajes publicitarios con el objetivo de atraer la atención del público, aumentar la conciencia de marca e inspirar el deseo, lo que lleva finalmente a la compra del producto o servicio. Con este fin, los anunciantes asocian sus argumentos de venta con conceptos creativos que apelan a la emoción. El objetivo de este estudio es hacer un análisis del impacto de los formatos creativos utilizados en publicidad e identificar diferentes grupos de consumidores según sus actitudes. Los autores realizaron un estudio cuantitativo, a través de la aplicación de un cuestionario formado por una lista de formatos creativos de publicidad, con el objetivo de recoger las opiniones de los encuestados. En general, los formatos preferidos eran humor, música y animación. Fue posible hacer una división de los encuestados en tres grupos: "Los fans de la publicidad", "Los racionales" y "Los emocionales". Los resultados de este estudio ofrecen a los profesionales de la publicidad y marketing algunas aplicaciones prácticas en relación a los enfoques creativos a utilizar en sus campañas. El trabajo abre camino para un mayor desarrollo de futuras investigaciones sobre los formatos creativos en publicidad y su relación con las características de los consumidores.AbstractNowadays, consumers are faced with a variety of media that convey myriad advertising messages, which struggle amidst a highly competitive environment, with a view to drawing the viewers’ attention, raising awareness, creating interest and inspiring desire and, ultimately, leading to the purchase of the product/service at stake. For this, advertising professionals deliberately intertwine their selling arguments with emotionally-charged creative concepts. It is the aim of this study to analyse the impact of the main creative appeals and to identify groups of consumers based on their attitudes

  6. Europees procesrecht en fundamentele procedurele vereisten: de rol van artikel 6 EVRM ter invulling van de openbare orde toets onder het EEX : Een beschouwing naar aanleiding van England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division 29 mei 2002 (Maronier v. Larmer))

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    X.E. Kramer (Xandra)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractIn deze bijdrage wordt een uitspraak van het Engelse Court of Appeal (Maronier v. Larmer, 29 mei 2002) geanalyseerd waarin de erkenning en tenuitvoerlegging van een Neder-lands vonnis wordt geweigerd op grond van strijd met de procedurele openbare orde in de zin van art. 27 sub 1 EEX-Ver

  7. Appeal changing research of higher vocational school students during process in post practice%高职院校学生对顶岗实习的诉求变化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏东霞

    2014-01-01

    For process of post practice in higher vocational school, the appeal of students seems to be changing. So it is better to know such changing timely for school and companies. It is need to take some focused measures to improve the quality of post practice. The students have changed their attitude to work, compensation and benefits. However, there are gap between the expectations of the companies and the occupation ability of the students. The school must emphasize such changing of the students appeal to post practice. And the school should keep good communication with the companies. In this way, the level of post practice could be raised quickly and help the students lay the groundwork before the students work in the future.%在高职院校实施顶岗实习过程中,学生的诉求不断变化。学校、企业必须及时了解学生诉求变化,并且提出有针对性的措施,才能够提升顶岗实习的质量。学生对实习工作的态度、对薪酬福利的要求都在变化,同时企业对于学生的期望与学生的职业素养存在差距。学校必须重视学生职业诉求的变化,并且与企业保持良好沟通,这样才能不断提高顶岗实习水平,让顶岗实习能够成功为学生打好未来工作的基础。

  8. The tourism potential of the commune Janów Podlaski and its evaluation of tourism appeal as compared to the administrative district of Biała Podlaska (Lublin voivodeship)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrzypczak, Andrzej; Chmielewska, Anna Beata

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis has been to evaluate tourism appeal of the commune of Janów Podlaski, as compared to the other communes in the administrative district of Biała Podlaska, and to analyse the recreational potential of the natural environment within the commune and it's present day infrastructure for tourism industry. For evaluation of the tourism attractiveness of the commune, based on comparative analysis, the method of synthetic measures was applied. The commune of Janów Podlaski belongs to one of the most attractive areas for tourists in the administrative district of Biała Podlaska. The attractiveness of the commune is associated with the Bug river, which flows across high-value landscapes and possess many ecological assets. Development of water tourism, however, is hindered by the fact that the Bug forms part of Poland's state border and it's water is rather polluted. Walking tourism in the commune of Janów Podlaski is encouraged owing to a well-developed and properly sing-posted networks of trails. The accommodation facilities are not evenly distributed as most of the rooms for tourists can be found in Janów Podlaski.

  9. Task toward a Realization of Commercial Tokamak Fusion Plants in 2050 -The Role of ITER and the Succeeding Developments- 5.Challenge to Innovative Technologies and the Expected Market Appeal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobita, Kenji; Konishi, Satoshi; Tokimatsu, Koji; Nishio, Satoshi; Hiwatari, Ryoji

    This section describes the future of fusion energy in terms of its impact on the global energy supply and global warming mitigation, the possible entry scenarios of fusion into future energy market, and innovative technologies for deploying and expanding fusion's share in the market. Section 5.1 shows that fusion energy can contribute to the stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentration if fusion is introduced into the future energy market at a competitive price. Considerations regarding fusion's entry scenarios into the energy market are presented in Sec. 5.2, suggesting that fusion should replace fossil energy sources and thus contribute to global warming mitigation. In this sense, first generation fusion power plants should be a viable energy source with global appeal and be so attractive as to be employed in developing countries rather than in developed countries. Favorable factors lending to this purpose are fusion's stability as a power source, and its security, safety, and environmental frendliness as well as its cost-of-electricity. The requirements for core plasma to expand the share of fusion in the market in the latter half of this century are given in Sec.5.3, pointing out the importance of high beta access with low aspect ratio and plasma profile control. From this same point of view, innovative fusion technologies worthy of further development are commented on in Sec. 5.4, addressing the high temperature blanket, hydrogen production, high temperature superconductors, and hot cell maintenance.

  10. An Appeal to the Global Health Community for a Tripartite Innovation: An "Essential Diagnostics List," "Health in All Policies," and "See-Through 21(st) Century Science and Ethics".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dove, Edward S; Barlas, I Ömer; Birch, Kean; Boehme, Catharina; Borda-Rodriguez, Alexander; Byne, William M; Chaverneff, Florence; Coşkun, Yavuz; Dahl, Marja-Liisa; Dereli, Türkay; Diwakar, Shyam; Elbeyli, Levent; Endrenyi, Laszlo; Eroğlu-Kesim, Belgin; Ferguson, Lynnette R; Güngör, Kıvanç; Gürsoy, Ulvi; Hekim, Nezih; Huzair, Farah; Kaushik, Kabeer; Kickbusch, Ilona; Kıroğlu, Olcay; Kolker, Eugene; Könönen, Eija; Lin, Biaoyang; Llerena, Adrian; Malhan, Faruk; Nair, Bipin; Patrinos, George P; Şardaş, Semra; Sert, Özlem; Srivastava, Sanjeeva; Steuten, Lotte M G; Toraman, Cengiz; Vayena, Effy; Wang, Wei; Warnich, Louise; Özdemir, Vural

    2015-08-01

    Diagnostics spanning a wide range of new biotechnologies, including proteomics, metabolomics, and nanotechnology, are emerging as companion tests to innovative medicines. In this Opinion, we present the rationale for promulgating an "Essential Diagnostics List." Additionally, we explain the ways in which adopting a vision for "Health in All Policies" could link essential diagnostics with robust and timely societal outcomes such as sustainable development, human rights, gender parity, and alleviation of poverty. We do so in three ways. First, we propose the need for a new, "see through" taxonomy for knowledge-based innovation as we transition from the material industries (e.g., textiles, plastic, cement, glass) dominant in the 20(th) century to the anticipated knowledge industry of the 21st century. If knowledge is the currency of the present century, then it is sensible to adopt an approach that thoroughly examines scientific knowledge, starting with the production aims, methods, quality, distribution, access, and the ends it purports to serve. Second, we explain that this knowledge trajectory focus on innovation is crucial and applicable across all sectors, including public, private, or public-private partnerships, as it underscores the fact that scientific knowledge is a co-product of technology, human values, and social systems. By making the value systems embedded in scientific design and knowledge co-production transparent, we all stand to benefit from sustainable and transparent science. Third, we appeal to the global health community to consider the necessary qualities of good governance for 21st century organizations that will embark on developing essential diagnostics. These have importance not only for science and knowledge-based innovation, but also for the ways in which we can build open, healthy, and peaceful civil societies today and for future generations. PMID:26161545

  11. Online Gaming Appealing to the Female Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MICHAEL O'NEILL

    2006-01-01

    @@ Magical Land, the latest online game from Shanda Interactive Entertainment, is a little different from other titles the company has put onto the market in the last few years. Gone is the dark and violent realism of their previous creations. In its place is a colorful,dreamlike cartoon world, closer to Hello Kitty than Dungeons and Dragons.

  12. Ruutel appeals for compromise on rent ceilings

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel kohtus Kadriorus üüri piirmäärade alase avaliku diskussiooni osapooltega ning kutsus neid otsima kõiki rahuldavat varianti. Presidenti nõustava õigusekspertide komisjoni esindaja professor Arno Allmann tutvustas omandireformi eesmärke ja reformi reguleerivate seaduste koostoimet kehtivas õigusloomes

  13. Inconspicuous Appeal of Amorphous Computing Systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Wiedermann, Jiří

    Opava: Institute of Computer Science, Silesian University, 2014 - (Gheorghe, M.; Sosík, P.; Vavrečková, Š.), s. 15-18 ISBN 978-80-7510-036-8. [CMC15. International Conference on Membrane Computing /15./. Prague (CZ), 20.08.2014-22.08.2014] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP202/10/1333 Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : amorphous computing * computational universality * computational complexity Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science http://www.cs.us.es/~marper/investigacion/cmc15_proceedings.pdf#page=27

  14. The appeal of unsuitable video games

    OpenAIRE

    Jöckel, Sven; Dogruel, Leyla

    2009-01-01

    Governments all over the world have responded to the offer of violent and sexual-themed video games by inaugurating regulatory bodies. Still, video games with content that is deemed unsuitable for children are played even by young children. With a focus on the situation in Germany the aim of this paper is twofold. On the one hand, the current state of literature on the importance of age ratings for the regulation of video games is scrutinized. Therefore, the focus is on the German rating syst...

  15. Pricing products: juxtaposing affordability with quality appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    Choosing appropriate product prices is 1 of the most crucial steps in creating an effective contraceptive social marketing (CSM) sales campaign. The Social Marketing Forum conducted an informal survey of social marketing project managers, international contractors, and marketing consultants to determine how CSM programs cope with pricing problems and ways to circumvent some obstacles. According to Diana Altman, a family planning consultant, low prices that make products available to needy individuals are more important than the program's self sufficiency, yet if prices are too low, consumers think the products were unusable in the US and thus were dumped on local markets. Other key factors include commercial competition, spiraling inflation rates, and problems with rising prices and retailer/distributor margins. A sampling of per capita gross national products indicates the poverty level of most CSM projects' target market. Consequently, CSM projects must set low pices, regardless of program operating costs. The goal often is to increase the demand and availability for contraceptives. The fact that social marketing products must pass through retail networks to reach consumers complicates the pricing equation. To deal with the problem, India's Nirodh program gives a 25% margin to distributors/wholesalers, compared to 6% offered on most other goods. Retailers also receive a 25% margin, more than double the commercial rate. Once prices are set, increases pose hazards. Local government approval often is a prerequisite and can require lengthy negotiations. Market studies remain a valuable approach to effective pricing, according to PNA's Mallamad and other research consultants. They cite such effective research strategies as test marketing products and asking consumers how prices affect buying habits. Further, CSM projects can jump over some pricing hurdles through creative marketing. An effective pricing strategy alone cannot produce a successful CSM program. Pricing must accompany such factors as strong advertising, committed management, and adept salespersons. PMID:12313292

  16. ICT Offshore Outsourcing: Its Appeals and Impacts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jameel Awadh Almalki

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ICT offshoring is not a new phenomenon, nor is it one which is likely to become old anytime soon. Many companies see ICT offshoring not only as a tried and true cost saving method but a necessity to remain competitive in the market. Although many attempts at offshoring IT projects fail, the competitive advantage offered overall by this practice is not something that can be legislated away by protectionist movements. IT workers need not go into a catatonic state of fear but need to understand how offshoring can advance their careers past the comparatively monotonous routine of programming and train themselves up for the roles that arent being outsourced.

  17. 20 CFR 435.81 - Initial appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... adverse decision rendered by the GMO by submitting to the ACOAG a written request for review of the... days after the date of the GMO's adverse decision. Any request for review that is received after the... should fully explain why the grantee disagrees with the GMO's decision, state the pertinent facts and...

  18. Appeals - Redetermination by a Medicare Contractor

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A redetermination is an examination of a claim by the fiscal intermediary (FI), carrier, or Medicare Administrative Contractor (MAC) personnel who are different...

  19. Argument and Credibility Appeals in Persuasion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benoit, William L.

    1987-01-01

    Indicated that (1) arguments perceived as strong by receivers generated both more favorable, supportive cognitive responses and attitude change than weak message arguments; and (2) perceived source expertise and attractiveness influenced cognitive responses, but not in a coherent fashion or to the extent that they effect attitude change. (JD)

  20. The transnational appeal of Danish TV series

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Pia Majbritt

    Over the last five years, the near global reach of Danish TV drama has made Denmark the darling of the international TV industry and made Danish broadcasters and producers benefit both financially and status-wise. This is not just unprecedented. It is also interesting from an academic point of view...... methodologically as well as theoretically. So, why and how do transnational audiences engage with audiovisual content from a country in the periphery of global content flows? Based on audience research undertaken in Germany and the UK from December 2014 until March 2015, the authors will present their first...

  1. Drawings between Sensory Appeal and Cultural Code

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anne Maj

    young people’s graffiti (Hedegaard 2007). Children learn to use visual signs and codes according to socio-cultural conventions in the visual culture as they participate in visual practices of seeing and representing in drawing (Braswell 2006, Fink-Jensen & Nielsen 2000, 2009). As they learn how to use...... in Classrooms. Aarhus: Aarhus University, Centre for Cultural Research. Working papers. pp 1-27. Hedegaard, M. (2007) Graffiti som engagement. Århus: Klim. Lave, J. and Wenger, E. (1997). Situated Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Nielsen, A.M. (1993). ‘Børn, billeder og personlighedsddannelse...

  2. 34 CFR 300.532 - Appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children Discipline Procedures § 300... school days if the hearing officer determines that maintaining the current placement of the child is... arranging the expedited due process hearing, which must occur within 20 school days of the date...

  3. 36 CFR 67.10 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... seek recourse by undertaking the usual nomination process (36 CFR part 60). Similarly, the denial of preliminary certification for a rehabilitation for a rehabilitation project for a property that is not a... any of the certifications or denials of certification made pursuant to this part or any decisions...

  4. Appeal of love themes in popular music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knobloch, Silvia; Zillmann, Dolf

    2003-12-01

    The relationship between romantic satisfaction versus discontent and a preference for music celebrating versus lamenting love is explored. The satisfaction/discontent was ascertained in 60 college undergraduate women and men who later freely listened to music from a sampling of selections. The duration of their self-determined exposure to love-celebrating versus love-lamenting music was unobtrusively recorded by computer software. Romantically satisfied women and men showed a preference for love-celebrating music, whereas discontented women and men preferred love-lamenting music. Romantically discontent women and men preferred love-lamenting music presented by performers of their own sex. The findings indicate young adults' inclination to match emotions expressed in music about love with the emotions experienced in their own romantic situation. PMID:14723423

  5. 40 CFR 350.17 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS TRADE SECRECY CLAIMS FOR EMERGENCY PLANNING AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW... for such decision, and a statement of the submitter's right to seek review in U.S. District Court...) that the specific chemical identity at issue is not a trade secret, the General Counsel shall make...

  6. Complementary therapies: the appeal to general practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastwood, H L

    2000-07-17

    Pragmatism--among consumers seeking a cure and among general practitioners seeking clinical results and more patients--is not a complete explanation for the burgeoning of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in Western societies. Instead, this growth is substantially a result of pervasive and rapid social change, alternatively termed 'globalisation' and 'postmodernisation'. Globalisation and postmodernisation are creating a new social reality, of which a prominent characteristic is the proliferation of consumer choice. GPs are enmeshed in this social change and subject to the trend to greater choice--both their patients' and their own. On the one hand, GPs are reacting to social change as "economic pragmatists", responding to consumers' increasing demand for CAM. On the other hand, GPs themselves are acting as agents of social change by acknowledging the limitations of orthodox biomedical treatments and promoting CAM as part of their service delivery. Lack of scientific validation of CAM has not prevented GPs' use of such therapies. The phrase "clinical legitimacy" can be seen as a trump card that overrides "scientific legitimacy". It is the shibboleth of a postmodern movement among GPs towards healing and the "art" of medicine, as opposed to the "science" of medicine per se. PMID:10937039

  7. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    2004 Exercise Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff Association Members Lars Leistam / TS Irene Seis / IT 1st deputies Christian Fabjan / PH Jean-François Michaud / TS 2nd deputies Mats Møller / IT Gérard Antoinet / SC Dr Leistam and Mrs Seis have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairperson of the Board may be chosen when required : Etienne Carlier / AB Ignacio Reguero / IT Philippe Charpentier / PH Alasdair smith / PH Paula Carvalho Correia / FI Pierre Strubin / AT Hans De Groot / PH Emmanuel Tsesmelis / AT Catherine Delamare / IT Elena Wildner / AT Mediators [see Administrative Circular N° 6 (Rev. 1) entitled "Review procedure"] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members.

  8. 45 CFR 204.4 - Grant appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... material necessary. (3) If the response to the grantee is adverse to the grantee's position, the response...) Section 222(a) and (b) of the Social Security Amendments of 1972 (Pub. L. 92-603). (2) Section 426 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 262). (3) Section 707 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 907)....

  9. Humanitarian Appeal and the Paradox of Power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard Jørgensen, Anne

    2013-01-01

    politicization. Some say that humanitarianism is in crisis. This article examines the development of humanitarian advertising through analysis of 124 newspaper ads published in the period from 1970 to 2005. Using a discourse analytical approach which combines institution analysis with multimodal text analysis...

  10. 36 CFR 200.8 - Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... submitted under § 200.7 shall be submitted in accordance with U.S. Department of Agriculture rules at 7 CFR... CFR part 1, subpart A, and the appendix to subpart A. (c) The Forest Service Freedom of Information... Agriculture, Auditors Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, S.W., P.O. Box 96090, Washington, DC...

  11. TeleFood: a worldwide appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-12-01

    In 1997, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) broadcast its first global television program on the theme of "Food for All" to an audience of approximately 450 million viewers. The objective of "TeleFood" was to raise awareness of the scale of the problem and to encourage solidarity in the fight against hunger. TeleFood raised funds to support the FAO's Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS) and similar grassroots projects that target rural people in developing countries. The SPFS project, now operational in 19 countries and being formulated in 32 more, emphasizes national ownership, farmer participation, environmental awareness, and recognition of the role of women in food production and marketing. The 3-year SPFS pilot phase involves 1) small-scale water harvesting, irrigation, and drainage; 2) sustainable intensification of crop production; 3) diversification of production; and 4) removal of policies that impede food security. Results to date include 1) greatly increased maize and potato yields in Bolivia and more modest increases in Nepal; 2) doubled yields of maize and rice in Tanzania; and 3) expansion of the area under low-cost irrigation in Zambia. South-South cooperation is allowing some developing countries to benefit from experience gained in other developing countries. The pilot activities are being funded with an increasing number of "soft" loans from governments and financial institutions. PMID:12321567

  12. 78 FR 43843 - Clarification of Appeal Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... leases are generally companies classified under the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS... leases, even though the NAICS classification only applies to oil and gas leases, we are using the same classification system for all mineral leases. The Department believes that a meaningful number of...

  13. Rational Thinking on Chen Shuwei Appeal-A Discussion with Mr.Fang Kong%对陈书伟上诉案的理性思考--兼与方孔先生商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂帅钧

    2015-01-01

    The report on the case of “Cao”character caused a heated discussion,and the detention made this case to a climax.In perspective of human rationality and reason,Mr.Fang Kong pointed out that the case of“Cao”character in petition for appeal that doesn’t insult the judicial clerks and laws,however,the view is so idealistic without considering the national conditions of our country.The case of “Cao”character reflects some problems such as the freedom of speech,social convention,and judicial authority.It is believed that freedom of speech should be limited in certain boundaries,the rationality of the law should include the conventions of the society,and the judicial authority should be further strengthened.In a word,the rethinking will provide some experiences and enlightenments for construction of socialist China ruled by law.%“操”字状一经报道便引起激烈的讨论,而拘留决定的作出更将此事推向了高潮。方孔先生从人的理性和法律的理性出发,指出“操”字状并未侮辱司法工作人员及法律,但其观点过于理想化且未考虑我国国情。“操”字状中折射出的言论自由、社会常理、司法权威等法治问题引人深思,笔者认为言论自由应存在一定的界限,理性的法律应包含社会常理,司法权威应得到进一步加强。总之,反思该案将为建设社会主义法治国家提供不少经验和启示。

  14. Partial licensing under nuclear law and the fundamental right to live and be protected from personal injury. BVerfG, decision of 4 July 1996 - 1BvR 1272/91-Federal Constitutional Court of Germany (head notes of appealable decision)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The appeal to the Federal Constitutional Court raised the question of whether the operation of the nuclear power plant at O. is based on appropriate licensing of operation within the purview of section 19, sub-section 3, sentence 2 No. 3 Atomgesetz (atomic energy act) and in addition represents an infringement of the fundamental right laid down in Art.2, para. 2 sentence 1 GG (German Constitution). The Federal Constitutional Court did not confirm an infringement of fundamental rights and decided that the existing, several part permits for operation of the nuclear power plant do not give reason for complaint based on the Constitution. (orig./CB)

  15. 75 FR 64655 - Interior Board of Land Appeals and Other Appeals Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ..., subparts E and L. 72 FR 10454-10466. Subpart E contains regulations governing public land hearings and... transferred to IBLA. 48 FR 22370 (May 18, 1983). However, 30 CFR Chapter III was never updated to reflect this... Administration. Public Law 109-163, sec. 847, 119 Stat. 3391 (2006); see 71 FR 65825 (Nov. 9, 2006). For the...

  16. 知识女性实现自身价值的利益诉求分析与思考--市场化改革对职场知识女性的影响%The Analysis and Thinking about Intellectual Women's Interest Appealing to the Realization of Their Own Value---The Impact of Market-oriented Reform on Intellectual Women in the Workplace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱莲

    2013-01-01

    With the establishment of market economic system , China's market-oriented reform , and also with the o-verall society becoming a diversified heterogeneity community , the major changes have taken place in women's status and the interests , especially in the realization of their own value , intellectual women have full cognition to the plural-ism fact and present diversified interest appeals .Through the analysis of intellectual women's major interest appealing to the realization of their own value , the article tries to put forward its path thinking about how to realize their own value.%市场经济体制的确立,中国进行市场化改革,总体性社会成为多元化的异质性共同体,使女性群体的地位和利益发生了重大变化,尤其是知识女性在自身价值的实现方面具有了多元主义事实的认知,利益诉求呈现多元化。通过对知识女性实现自身价值的主要利益诉求及原因的分析,力图提出其实现自身价值的路径思考。

  17. Criticism and Affirmation to Traditional Chinese Opera from the Reformists in the Late Qing Dynasty and the Appeal of Modernity%清末改良主义者对传统戏曲的提倡和批判及其现代性诉求∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔丽

    2015-01-01

    清朝末年的资产阶级戏曲改良运动从现代性诉求出发高度肯定了戏曲的社会地位和巨大功能,基于变革社会、救亡图存的进步要求,在肯定戏曲的同时又从启蒙现代性出发批判了传统戏曲思想内容的迂腐俗套,从审美现代性出发既肯定了戏曲的特殊艺术魅力又批判了戏曲审美形式的刻板僵化,给我们留下戏曲与社会关系的百年思考。%At the end of the Qing dynasty, the bourgeois conducted an opera improvement movement. On the appeal to modernity, the opera’ s social status and tremendous function were highly affirmed. Based on the transformation of the society and the advancement of salvation, the movement put forward criticism to the pedantic content from enlighten⁃ment modernity. And from the aesthetic modernity, the improvement movement affirmed the special artistic charm of drama and criticized the rigid aesthetic form. This movement makes us think about drama and social relations.

  18. “银根紧缩”政策下我国地方国资资产证券化的发展诉求及策略%The Appeal to Asset Securitization and Strategies of Local State-owned Assets under Tight Monetary Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王希宁

    2011-01-01

    Under the influence of Tight Monetary Policy,the asset securitization of local state-owned assets is not only the grasper in direct financing,but also the pusher in promoting local economic development.To achieve the goal of economic and social development set by local governments in the twelfth five-year plan,asset securitization of local state-owned assets will be an efficient channel for direct financing.So,it is of great significance to explore the appeal to asset securitization and strategies of local state-owned assets under tight monetary policy.%在"银根紧缩"政策影响下,地方国资资产证券化既是地方政府实现直接融资的"抓手",也是促进当地经济发展的"推手"。要完成十二.五时期地方政府确定的经济社会发展目标,地方国资资产证券化将是一条有效率的直接融资途径。因此,积极探索"银根紧缩"政策下我国地方国资资产证券化的发展诉求及策略具有重要意义。

  19. Study on Insurance Appeal of New Social Stratum --exemplified by private entrepreneur's insurance service%论新社会阶层的保险诉求——兼谈民营企业家的保险服务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建宁

    2011-01-01

    新社会阶层通过诚实劳动、合法经营获得较高收入的同时面临较复杂的风险,有着较为迫切的保险诉求。但是我国新社会阶层的保险存在着许多问题,决定了保险业必须根据这一特殊社会阶层的保险需要,设计和生产出适合他们的保险产品,提供符合他们需要的保险服务。%New social Stratum achieves much more income by means of honest working and legal management,meanwhile face higher social risks, they have urgent insurance appeal. Whereas there exist a large number of problems in new social straum insurance of China. Thereby insurance industry should base on what insurance this special social straum demand, design and provide the kind of insurance products suitalbe for them,as well as offer the kind of insurance service they need.

  20. Gaps between Brand Personality Perception and Advertising Appeal on Consumer Purchase Intention: A Study on Auto Brands%广告诉求与品牌个性感知差异对消费者购买意愿的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王霞; 邹德强; 赵平

    2012-01-01

    以汽车品牌为例,通过对比企业广告诉求和消费者品牌个性感知的差异,从品牌个性为消费者带来不同利益的角度探索这种差异对购买意愿的影响.实证结果表明,对于功能性和体验性品牌个性,广告诉求超出消费者品牌个性感知越多,购买意愿越低;反之亦然.对于象征性品牌个性,当消费者“圆熟”个性感知低于广告诉求时,广告诉求超出消费者感知趣多,购买意愿越高.研究结论对企业的广告策略和品牌个性管理具有参考价值.%The purpose of this study is to investigate the gap between brand personality perception and advertising appeal; and analyzes the impact of the gap on purchase intention from the perspective of the benefits of brand personality. The results show that there are positive relationships between the gaps from functional and experimental benefits brand of personality and purchase intention. And there is negative relationship between the gap from sophistication symbolic benefit and purchase intention when the gap is below zero. Managerial implications for advertising strategy and brand personality are also discussed.

  1. 7 CFR 947.133 - Denial and appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN MODOC AND... period may be refused a Special Purpose Certificate. The committee also may revoke for a period of up...

  2. Kirkilas appeals to patriotism of private energy firm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Leedu peaminister kutsub kolme Leedu energeetikaettevõtet ühinema ehitamaks uut tuumaelektrijaama. Valitsus pole rahul ühinevate ettevõtete varade hinnanguga, mille tegi audiitorfirma KPMG Baltics

  3. Market appeal intelligently evaluation basing on integral monitoring functions using

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.P. Kosenko

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to create guidelines for establising a mechanism for monitoring the commercial potential of intellectual property in industry. The author develops recommendations for its effective using. The results of the analysis. Objective assessment of the commercial potential of innovative technology depends largely on the level of potential economic benefit that can be obtained by: developer of innovative technologies for commercialization; consumer innovative technology while using it. It is proposed to use the ratio of these effects for the ongoing assessment of changes in the level of commercial potential of innovative technology. To do this, the author suggests using the tangent function, which allows you to carry out the monitoring procedure effectively. Determining a plurality of values of the trigonometric functions tangent, which characterizes the ratio of economic benefit to the consumer and developer of innovative technology, allows to find four specific areas. The article describes the economic characteristics of each of these zones, which allow the researcher to obtain important characteristics, which are used for the process of intellectual property commercialization. The proposed additional monitoring mechanism puts another function monitoring to the intellectual activity of the enterprise, which reflects the quality of the complex characteristics (consumer properties and commercial risk (the possibility of successful commercialization of technological product. We recommend using an arc tangent function. Evaluation of integral quality index technology is carried out using the following guidelines. Intellectual property, with close on consumer qualities and spheres of use at the appropriate analogues technology market, has base for comparison. In this case it is proposed to assess the values of the complex index of the quality of recommendations by using the desirability function Harrington which most closely corresponds to the solution of the problem. For original technologies that do not have a basis for comparison, integral quality index is determined using the theory of quality control. The efficiency of the use of mechanism of sharing monitoring functions will increase significantly. Suggested to be used using the Cartesian coordinate system. Valuations in this coordinate system are proposed to carry out using the values of monitoring functions. Thus, the calculated values of the area of joint action monitoring functions allow analyzing, evaluating and managing the state of the commercial potential of smart technologies, prepared by their developer to commercialization. Sharing monitoring functions allows continuous monitoring of commercial situations that arise on the technology market in a timely manner to prevent undesirable trends in the field of intellectual activity in the enterprise, and the target technology market its products. Conclusions and directions of further researches. The proposed approach to the study of the level of the commercial potential of technology products has scientific value, characterized by originality and novelty. It allows formalizing the process of analyzing and predicting the transfer capabilities of the enterprise developer, and can be further applied in practice developers of technology products (intellectual property in the justification of the marketing program for the target technology market.

  4. Understanding the Appeal of the Taliban in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Syed Manzar Abbas Zaidi

    2010-01-01

    This article briefly explores the economics of the "Talibanization" of Pakistan within descriptive and contextual paradigms, while attempting to find a best solution to counter rising militancy in the context of realities facing the population on the ground. One such solution is the National Pakistani Counter Terrorism and Extremism Strategy (NACTES), designed to curb Taliban financing in Pakistan. The strategy is being drafted by National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA), the nascent home...

  5. DETERMINATION OF INVESTMENT APPEAL OF INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semidotsky V. A.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Russian industry is almost completely exhausted the potential for extensive growth model. Due to this background, the increasing the importance of improving the efficiency of the companies in the industry, which by definition involves the need to increase investment activity in the industrial business becomes very important. The problem arises due to identifying the elements of investment attractiveness for further exposure to the companies in the sector and attracting investment capital. This article is devoted directly to the issues of determining factors of investment attractiveness of an industrial company. The emphasis in the article has been made on the allocation of domestic and foreign investment attractiveness, each of which is formed by a number of aspects. Also, it has identified and characterized the key elements that make up the internal and external investment attractiveness. Thus, the investment attractiveness of the internal environment of an industrial company is represented as a top-management, quality of personnel, quality of business processes, the quality of sales and quality of the financial system. Investment attractiveness of the environment can be formed by conjuncture target markets, the availability of capital, public policy, competition, barriers to entry, innovative pressure locally limited preferential treatment. The article also gives a brief description of how each of the elements mentioned above influence the integrated investment attractiveness

  6. Selection of Advertising Appeals in Slovak Television Advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Ihnátová Zuzana

    2013-01-01

    Purpose of the article The issue of creating advertising that is culturally congruent has been considered to be very important to experts dedicated to the field in the past years. Culture is an important internal factor of customer behavior that needs to be fully considered if the advertising campaigns aim to address its target audience effectively. The goal of this article is to contribute to existing knowledge in the area of culturally congruent advertising. More specifically, to find out w...

  7. Italian appeal court: a genetic predisposition to commit murder?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forzano, Francesca; Borry, Pascal; Cambon-Thomsen, Anne; Hodgson, Shirley V; Tibben, Aad; de Vries, Petrus; van El, Carla; Cornel, Martina

    2010-01-01

    A few months ago, the controversial debate on connection between genetic variants and antisocial behaviour gained renewed prominence after the sentence of an Italian judge who decided to further reduce the prison sentence of a person convicted of murder by 1 year – from 9 to 8 years – because he was found to be a carrier of a few genetic variants thought to be associated with a predisposition to aggressiveness. We discuss the social implication of this view, the lack of evidence of the clinical utility of this test, and in particular the risks of offering susceptibility testing in the context of legal proceedings. PMID:20216573

  8. Inconspicuous Appeal of Amorphous Computing Systems (Invited Talk)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Wiedermann, Jiří

    Cham: Springer, 2014 - (Gheorghe, M.; Rozenberg, G.; Salomaa, A.; Sosík, P.; Zandron, S.), XIII-XVI. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 8961). ISBN 978-3-319-14369-9. ISSN 0302-9743. [CMC15. International Conference on Membrane Computing /15./. Prague (CZ), 20.08.2014-22.08.2014] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP202/10/1333 Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : amorphous computing * computational universality * computational complexity Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  9. Clinical appeal of cultural formulations in rural mental health

    OpenAIRE

    S.S. Jadhav

    2012-01-01

    The term ‘culture’ although popular in Indian lay health terminology, remains alien to psychiatric vocabulary in the country. Its usage is primarily as an epidemiological variable within Social Psychiatry. This chapter argues that for ‘cultural sensitivity’ in a rural context, to be relevant and effective for both professionals and patients, it is necessary to re-examine the cultural identities of mental health professionals themselves, in their clinical encounters with rural Indian patients....

  10. Freedom fighters appeal for help, evaluation of WWII events

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Teises Maailmasõjas Saksa vägede koosseisus võidelnud Eesti vabadusvõitlejad nõuavad parlamendilt ja valitsuselt poliitilise hinnangu andmist 1939-1944 aasta sündmustele ning riigi kaitset süüdistuste eest

  11. 34 CFR 668.212 - Loan servicing appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... identifies a sample that is large enough to derive an estimate, acceptable at a 95 percent confidence level... EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS Cohort Default Rates § 668.212 Loan... Program lender or the Direct Loan Servicer, as defined in 34 CFR 685.102, failed to perform one or more...

  12. 34 CFR 668.193 - Loan servicing appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... identifies a sample that is large enough to derive an estimate, acceptable at a 95 percent confidence level... EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS Two Year Cohort Default Rates § 668... that the FFEL Program lender or the Direct Loan Servicer, as defined in 34 CFR 685.102, failed...

  13. 78 FR 65489 - Standard Claims and Appeals Forms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ..., examination, training and rehabilitation services or compensated work therapy program under be initiated by... governed by paragraph (a) or (b) that does not perfectly mirror one of the scenarios addressed...

  14. The Fluctuating Political Appeal of Water Engineering in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin R. Crase

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Like many nations, Australia has a mixed history with water engineering. For over a century the engineer was 'king' and water was harnessed as a vehicle for settling the harsh inland, creating wealth and building prosperity. By the 1960s it was becoming increasingly clear that this approach was not without its flaws. Mounting evidence of environmental degradation emerged in the 1970s and the trend towards fiscal responsibility in the 1980s subjected the engineering approach to even greater scrutiny. These events set the context for a series of water policy reforms that commenced in earnest in the early 1990s. Initially, the reforms favoured greater use of economic incentives and focussed attention on the ecological impacts of water management. In this environment, the status of the engineer was transformed from 'king' to 'servant'. However, the engineering profession was not to hold this status for long and the political difficulties of simultaneously dealing with the economics and ecology of water quickly became the rationale for reverting to engineering solutions. This paper traces these historical events and focusses specifically on the politically vexing issues that arise when water reallocation is attempted in a fully allocated basin.

  15. 77 FR 15233 - Personnel Appeals Board; Procedural Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... government. 76 FR 76873, December 9, 2011. The formal period for comments closed on February 7, 2012, and no comments were received. Accordingly, the interim rule amending 4 CFR part 28 which was published at 76 FR..., Code of Federal Regulations, which was published at 76 FR 76873 on December 9, 2011, is adopted...

  16. Composition of the Joint Advisory Appeals Board (JAAB) - 2016 Exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

                                                Appointed by the Director-General                        Member                                    Nicole POLIVKA / HSE   1st deputy                                 Raymond VENESS / BE   2nd deputy                          ...

  17. The Chemical and Educational Appeal of the Orange Juice Clock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelter, Paul B.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Describes the recent history, chemistry, and educational uses of the Orange Juice Clock demonstration in which a galvanic cell is made from the combination of a magnesium strip, a copper strip, and juice in a beaker. Discusses the chemistry basics, extensions for more advanced students, questions for student/teacher workshop participants, and…

  18. Six of the L'Aquila Seven Acquitted in Appeal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Julia

    2014-11-01

    On 10 November, a panel of judges acquitted the scientists charged with manslaughter in the wake of a deadly earthquake that struck the Italian city of L'Aquila in 2009. Only the former deputy director of Italy's Civil Protection Department, Bernardo De Bernardinis, faces a 2-year sentence, which he may not serve.

  19. Understanding the Appeal of the Taliban in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Manzar Abbas Zaidi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article briefly explores the economics of the "Talibanization" of Pakistan within descriptive and contextual paradigms, while attempting to find a best solution to counter rising militancy in the context of realities facing the population on the ground. One such solution is the National Pakistani Counter Terrorism and Extremism Strategy (NACTES, designed to curb Taliban financing in Pakistan. The strategy is being drafted by National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA, the nascent homeland security coordination body set up by the state as the primary public organ entrusted with counterterrorism, counter-extremism, and de-radicalization efforts of the state.

  20. An Appeal to Standardize CT- and MR-Perfusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turowski, B; Schramm, P

    2015-10-01

    Multiple treatment options and risk assessment in cerebrovascular diseases are the actual challenges in diagnostic as well as in interventional neuroradiology.Acute ischemic stroke essentially requires rapid detection of the location and extent of infarction and tissue at risk for making treatment decisions. In the acute setting, modern multiparametric perfusion imaging protocols help to determine infarct core and adjacent penumbral tissue, and they enable the estimation of collateral flow of intra- and extracranial arteries. In subacute delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or chronic occlusive neurovascular diseases estimation of residual and collateral flow may be even more difficult.Prediction of sufficient or insufficient supply of brain tissue may be essential to balance conservative against interventional therapies. However, so far no established reliable thresholds are available for determining tissue at acute, subacute, chronic progressive, or chronic risk.Reliable and reproducible thresholds require quantitative perfusion measurements with a calibrated instrument. But the measurement instrument is not at all defined-a variety of parameter settings, different algorithms based on multiple assumptions and a wide variety of published normal and pathologic values for perfusion parameters indicate the problem. In the following text, we explain how deep the problem may be enrooted within techniques and algorithms impeding broad use of perfusion for many clinical issues. PMID:26289412

  1. METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE AESTHETIC APPEAL OF FURNITURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mária Réka ANTAL

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The world of furniture market is getting more and more complex than it was before. In recent years the habits of buying furniture have changed. The fabrication of individual pieces of furniture is increasingly coming to the front. A personal contact is being established between the customer and the furniture, which is a relationship of one product to one customer. In order to satisfy the individual demands, higher prices and higher quality are needed. The competition is beginning at the market and emotion plays an important role in it. Therefore, functionality and aesthetic functions, determinative forms, fashionable style play a very important role in furniture design and production. Some methods are presented such as RMQD or FMEA used for determining aesthetics of furniture.

  2. Estonian President Appeals to Scientists to Find Answers to Problems

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves kutsus presidendi mõttekoja avakoosolekul teadlasi ja arvamusliidreid otsima lahendusi küsimustele, millega tegelemiseks valitsusel ja parlamendil ei jätku aega või poliitilist tahet. Mõttekoja tööd korraldab ajakirja Akadeemia peatoimetaja Toomas Kiho

  3. 48 CFR 819.705 - Appeal of Contracting Officer decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AFFAIRS SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS The Small Business Subcontracting Program 819.705... strategy or indicating the rationale for not setting-aside the requirement. Upon receipt of the decision... Executive Director, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization and Center for...

  4. [The vegetarian appeal and killing animals. An ethical challenge].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luy, J; Hildebrandt, G; von Mickwitz, G

    2001-01-01

    The demand for renunciation of killing animals has already been discussed by mankind since ancient times. Many arguments for and against this demand have accumulated in the meantime. The reproaches of the vegetarians repeatedly forced the ones who eat meat to justify their diet. Today most of these historical justifications however have to be rejected because of lacking plausibility. Many of the vegetarian arguments on the other hand must be rejected for similar reasons as well. Remaining as morally convincing is the demand for doing the killing absolutely painless and without frightening the animals, which was already formulated for example by Kant and Schopenhauer. Arguments which consider this way of killing as still immoral belong in a broad sense to the "anthropocentric" animal ethics. They do not belong to what is called in Germany "pathocentric" animal ethics, because an animal that is killed without being frightened or tortured, has not suffered, for it hasn't consciously realized anything like danger or harm. We do even argue that these animals are not harmed at all, because it seems senseless to talk about harm without negative conscious phenomena. To push ahead a ban on animal slaughter for moral reasons could be itself morally wrong because it would disturb indirectly many people's conscious well-being without being justified by protecting an animal's conscious well-being. It is however possible to derive from a general duty not to make animals suffer (pathocentric animal ethics) a duty to boycott food of animal origin if these animals had to suffer during their lives. PMID:11505802

  5. Licensing of nuclear power plants, immediate implementation, constitutional appeal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The decision relates to part of the licensing procedure of the Muelheim-Kaerlich Nuclear Power Station. The subject of the complaint of unconstitutionality is the immediate execution of the 7th clearance within the framework of the 1st partial permit, which had been confined by the Rhineland-Palatinate Higher Administrative Court in a decision of May 2, 1977 (DVBl. 1977, p. 730). The Federal Constitutional Court regards the complaint of unconstitutionality as being unfounded. The court expresses itself especially on the assessment, under consnitutional aspects, of the material rules and rules of procedure pertaining to the licensing of nuclear power plants and of major changes in such plants. Moreover, the dissenting opinions of Justices Dr. Simon and Professor Heussner are quoted in excerpts. The comment by K.- P. Winters regards as the nucleus of the decision and of the dissenting vote the statements about the guarantee functions procedural rules have in ensuring effective protection of human rights. In his view, these statements of constitutional law are of fundamental significance for problems of atomic law and radiation protection law. (HSCH)

  6. 12 CFR 792.59 - Appeal of initial determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... General Counsel shall either advise the individual of a decision to amend or correct the record, or advise... concise statement of the reasons for not making the requested amendment may also be provided if deemed... accounting made as required by the Privacy Act of 1974 or any other accounting previously made, of...

  7. 34 CFR 300.533 - Placement during appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children Discipline... parent or the LEA, the child must remain in the interim alternative educational setting pending...

  8. Cultural Appeal as an Argument for Socio-spatial Segregation

    OpenAIRE

    Carman, María

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to illustrate how culture acts both as an argument for urban improvement and as an evicting agent of “undesirable inhabitants” in the city of Buenos Aires. In fact, certain state-fostered culture cults arise along with social deterioration and increasingly alarming spatial injustice. The hypothesis I intend to develop here is that, although it stems from a supposed spirit of universality, the state-driven cultural policy transforms the city into a unique, special ...

  9. Motion and Emotion: The Global Appeal of Axiomatic Metaphors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Børch, Marianne

    2013-01-01

    The article argues for the existence of linguistic and generic resources that may be globally shared, irrespective of cultural differences. Three main points are forwarded. First, animistic metaphors and personifications evoke an archaic vision that survives in all languages and conceptual systems...

  10. Designing for E-commerce, appealing to consumers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1998-01-01

    In order to make electronic commerce more successful, we need to look more closely at the design of web sites. The purpose of such design is to entice consumers to make regular visits, tempting them in buying goods. Thus more attention should be paid to make information more effective, presenting...

  11. 32 CFR 199.10 - Appeal and hearing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... a determination of abuse or fraudulent practices or procedures under another Federal or federally... dispute is calculated as the amount of money CHAMPUS would pay if the services and supplies involved in dispute were determined to be authorized CHAMPUS benefits. Examples of amounts of money that are...

  12. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD - 2002 Exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    Apointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Members Christian Fabjan/EP Irene Seis/IT 1st deputies Sue Foffano/AS Jean-Claude Carlier/TIS 2nd deputies Luc Durieu/PS Morna Robillard/HR Dr Fabjan and Mrs Seis have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairman of the Board may be chosen when required: Apointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Christophe Delamare/eEST Mats Moller/AS Cristina Lara/SPL Corrado Pettenati/ETT Eugenia Hatziangeli/SL Ignacio Reguero/IT Lars Leistam/EST Alasdair smith/EP Guy Maurin/EP Pierre Strubin/LHC Mediators [see Administrative Circular N° 6 (Rev. 1) entitled 'Review procedure'] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  13. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD - 2003 Exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff Association MembersChristian Fabjan/EPIrene Seis/IT 1st deputies Lars Leistam/ESTJean-Claude Carlier/TIS 2nd deputies Luc Durieu/ABMorna Robillard/HR Dr Fabjan and Mrs Seis have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairperson of the Board may be chosen when required : Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff AssociationPhilippe Charpentier/EPCorrado Pettenati/ETT Christophe Delamare/EST Ignacio Reguero/IT Eugenia Hatziangeli/AB Alasdair smith/EP Tadeusz Kurtyka/EST Pierre Strubin/AT Mats Møller/AS Elena Wildner/AT Mediators [see Administrative Circular N° 6 (Rev. 1) entitled "Review procedure"] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members. Human Resources DivisionTel. 74128

  14. Composition of the Joint Advisory Appeals Board (JAAB) - 2015 Exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2015-01-01

                                                Appointed by the Director-General                        Member                                    Nicole POLIVKA / GS   1st deputy                                 Mats MØLLER / IT   2nd deputy                           ...

  15. Unexpected death holograms: Animitas urban appeal in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lautaro Ojeda Ledesma

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at performing an integral analysis of the relation between popular religiousness and urban space in Chilean animitas [little shrines] practices. In order to do this, we propose a multipurpose analysis scheme, holding the concept of "unexpected death hologram". This scheme puts forward three supplementary classifications: animita as a holographic subject, as a holographic object and as a holographic place. Finally, these three classifications supplemented by interviews and topologic analyses show almost all the sociospatial factors present in this practice, accounting for the urban importance that this type of popular practice has

  16. MAIN ASPECTS OF INVESTMENT APPEAL OF SANATORIUM-RESORT SPHERE

    OpenAIRE

    Кристина Игоревна Беляева

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the article consist in analysis of the main aspects of the investment attractiveness of the sanatorium resort institutes, exactly in marketing tools and techniques usage. The author has studied and systematized marketing tools which will increase the investment attractiveness of sanatoriums activity. The results of research can be used by enterprises of sanatorium-resort complex and in the educational process in disciplines basics of marketing, strategic marketing, marketing in...

  17. 37 CFR 501.8 - Appeals by employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... (a) Any Government employee who is aggrieved by a Government agency determination pursuant to §§ 501..., subject to considerations of national security, or public health, safety or welfare, promptly furnish both... employee's duties and work assignments; (3) The name of the employee and employment status, including...

  18. AUTHOR’S TRANSLATION. THE REASONS TO APPEAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khovanskaya E. S.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the definition of author’s translation and the range of problems connected with the notion. We also analyze the reasons that forced the writers to be self-translated

  19. Stop High-Stakes Testing: An Appeal to America's Conscience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Dale; Johnson, Bonnie; Farenga, Steve; Ness, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    This book is a compelling indictment of the use of high-stakes assessments with punitive consequences in public schools. The authors trace the history of the policy and document the inequities for children of poverty that undergird high-stakes testing practices. Lack of dental and medical care, environmental violence, insufficient school funding,…

  20. 19 CFR 143.8 - Appeal of suspension or revocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Division, respectively, determines that participation was obtained through fraud or the misstatement of a material fact, or that continued participation would pose a potential risk of significant harm to...

  1. 77 FR 33980 - National Appeals Office Rules of Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    ... Word or Excel, WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF file formats only. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Steven... deference to the reasonable interpretation(s) of applicable ambiguous laws and regulations made by...

  2. Experimental history: the appeal of postmodernism in historiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Xin

    2006-01-01

    Use,truth and time constitute the basic elements of the epistemological structure of history.That structure went through three stages:pre-modem (from ancient times to the late eighteenth century,before the professionalization of history took place),modem (the period of professional history,from the late eighteenth century to the 1970s),and post modem (post 1970s).In these three stages,use,truth,and time successively occupied the core of the epistemological structure of history.Postmodemist history,which puts time at the core of its epistemology,is an extreme form of historicism.Even more than historicism,it has emphasized the determining effect of time and change on historical truth and historical consciousness.The privatization of historical narrative and reading has prodded history to become experimental.Experimental history no longer proclaims the truth about the past.Instead,under specific historical circumstances,it strives to produce texts that will be recognized by individual historians and provides these texts to readers,who will make their own judgments.Whether these texts are true will be decided through the uses they produce.In this way,any historiographical practice will be an experiment conducted by an historian in the present and that will consist in searching for the truth about the past.The success of this experiment will depend entirely on the experimental environment,that is,on the conditions provided by the reading environment.

  3. 76 FR 54179 - Appeals of Post Office Closings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... general knowledge of the Commission as an expert agency. Section 3025.21 requires the Postal Service to... Postal Service operated retail facility. 39 CFR 241.3(a)(1)(i), 76 FR 41420 (July 14, 2011). However, the... to July 14, 2011. 39 CFR 241.3(a)(1)(ii), 76 FR 41420 (July 14, 2011). Thus, the Commission may...

  4. 27 CFR 24.155 - Disapproval and appeal from disapproval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... fraudulent noncompliance with any provision of any law of the United States, if such provision relates to internal revenue or customs taxation of distilled spirits, wine, or beer, or if such offense has been compromised with the person on payment of penalties or otherwise, or (2) Any felony under a law of any...

  5. 34 CFR 668.194 - Economically disadvantaged appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... selected under paragraph (b)(2) of this section, have an expected family contribution, as defined in 34 CFR 690.2, that is equal to or less than the largest expected family contribution that would allow a... Human Services poverty guidelines for the size of the student's family unit. (2) The students who...

  6. 34 CFR 668.213 - Economically disadvantaged appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... selected under paragraph (c)(2) of this section, have an expected family contribution, as defined in 34 CFR 690.2, that is equal to or less than the largest expected family contribution that would allow a... Human Services poverty guidelines for the size of the student's family unit. (2) The students who...

  7. Aroma and perfume allergy: anathema for some epicurean appeal?

    OpenAIRE

    Goffin, Véronique; Nikkels, Arjen; Cornil, F.; Deleixhe-Mauhin, F.; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine; Pierard, Gérald

    2002-01-01

    Aromas and fragrances are present in many cosmetics, some topical drugs, food and various hygiene, household and industrial products. They can be responsible for contact dermatitis. Multiple sensitizations can even involve in various combinations some fragrance compounds, a given degradation product or a contaminant. The diagnosis relies on clinical examination and oriented anamnesis. A histological examination is sometimes necessary. Specific path testing brings insight on the culprit chemic...

  8. The Chemical and Educational Appeal of the Orange Juice Clock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelter, Paul B.; Carr, James D.; Johnson, Tanya; Mauricio Castro-Acuña, Carlos

    1996-12-01

    The Orange Juice Clock, in which a galvanic cell is made from the combination of a magnesium strip, a copper strip, and juice in a beaker, has been a popular classroom, conference, and workshop demonstration for nearly 10 years. It is widely enjoyed because it shows visually how chemistry - or more precisely, electrochemistry - is responsible for the very common phenomenon of a clock ticking. The chemistry of the process can also be understood on a variety of levels, from middle school (simple electron flow in a circuit, Ohm's law) and high school (reduction/oxidation and standard cell potentials) to first-year college (cell potential at nonideal conditions) and graduate school courses (overpotential and charge transfer across interfaces.) The discussion that follows considers the recent history, chemistry, and educational uses of the demonstration. The History The demonstration was devised by one of us (PK) in 1986, after reading an activity in Hubert Alyea's 1947 compendium of chemical demonstrations from this Journal (1). In that activity, Alyea hooked a magnesium strip to the negative battery terminal of an electric bell and hooked a copper strip to the positive terminal. He placed the loose ends of the strips into a 1M 2SO4 solution and the bell rang. After trying the demonstration, it seemed to make sense to modify the electrolyte to orange juice because it is safe, readily available, and would be a mixture in which the magnesium would oxidize more slowly than in sulfuric acid. Further, a clock was substituted for the bell because a clock is easier on the ears than a bell. A video of the orange-juice clock setup is given as Figure 1. Figure 1.The orange juice clock set up. Video of orange juice clock was filmed and editted by Jerry Jacobson at the University of Wisconsin - Madison. The apparatus was presented in 1987 as part of a teacher workshop led by Irwin Talesnick, then of Queen's University in Canada. Talesnick, whose distinguished career has been characterized by seeing educational possibilities in so many things, created a modified version of the clock, with the atomic numbers of the elements representing the hours in the day (see Fig. 2) in his internationally popular workshops. Due largely to Talesnick's efforts, the orange juice clock is a standard demonstration in many chemistry programs and presentations. Figure 2.Irwin Talesnick represents the hours of the day by the corresponding elements in his clock. The Procedure This can be done as a demonstration or as an activity, although at about 10 per clock, expense does become an issue. There are no unusual safety precautions with this demonstration. We know of no accidents that have occurred with the orange juice clock. The demonstration requires: a single AA-cell battery-operated wall clock with a sweep-second hand a medium-sized beaker (600 mL is fine) enough orange juice or other electrolyte mixture or solution to fill the beaker about 2/3 full (tap water often works fine!) a 20-30-cm magnesium strip, coiled at one end or wrapped around a popsicle stick a 20-30-cm copper strip, coiled at one end alligator clips to connect the strips to the battery terminals on the clock a stand against which to lean the setup The demonstration is put together as shown in Figure 3. Connect the magnesium to the "-" contact of the clock and the copper to the "+" contact. Immerse the other ends of the strips into the solution. The clock will start to tick within a few seconds. If it does not work within a short period of time, check that the strips are well connected to the battery terminals, are hooked to the proper poles, and are not touching each other. The clock should keep reasonably close time (in orange juice) for a couple of days, or until the magnesium is nearly completely oxidized. Figure 3.A schematic of the orange juice clock seup. Video of orange juice clock. In video, the copper electrode is on the left and the magnesium electrode is on the right. Video was filmed and editted by Jerry Jacobson at the University of Wisconsin - Madison. The Chemistry Basics When we ask students or precollege teacher groups about the reduction and oxidation reactions that are occurring, they invariably answer that the magnesium metal is being oxidized and the copper metal is being reduced. This response is important because we use it to impress upon students and workshop participants the importance of looking carefully at the system before giving what might seem like an obvious answer. The copper cannot be reduced because there is no copper ion in solution, and transition metals cannot be reduced to anions. Given what is actually in solution, participants can conclude that hydrogen ion can be reduced to molecular hydrogen (in orange juice) or that hydrogen in the water molecule is being reduced to molecular hydrogen (in hard tap water). In distilled water, the clock does not run because the internal resistance of the solution is too high, thus forcing the current to be very small. The reactions of interest are given as eqs 1-3: oxidation: Mg -> Mg2+ + 2e- Eo = 2.37 vs. SHE (1) reduction 2H+ + 2e- -> H2 Eo = 0.00 vs. SHE (2) (acid solution) reduction (water) 2H2O + 2e- -> H2 + 2OH- Eo = -0.8277 vs. SHE (3) where Eo = the voltage under standard conditions and SHE = standard hydrogen electrode. At standard conditions, under zero load (all activities equal to one and 298 K) the cell voltage should theoretically be 2.37 V in acid (pH = 1) and about 1.54 V in neutral solution, either of which is enough to allow the clock to run. It is important to remember the IUPAC convention for electrochemical cells: that voltage of the cell equals voltage of the cathodic half-cell minus voltage of the anodic half-cell. In this case, Eo = 0.00 V - (-2.37 V) = 2.37 V The standard free energy calculation is straightforward in each case (eq 4), DeltaGo = -nFEo in which n = number of moles of electrons transferred, as dictated by the stoichiometry of the reaction (in all reactions above, n = 2); F = Faraday's constant, 96,498 C per mole of electrons (it is useful to show students that this number is equal to the product of Avogadro's number and electron charge); and Eo = cell voltage under standard conditions (Eo = 2.37 V = 2.37 J/C in acid solution of pH = 1). In acid solution, DeltaG = -457,000 J = -4.57 kJ. The reaction is spontaneous (and there is enough current flow). The clock ticks. This represents an overview of the fundamental chemistry, suitable for a workshop, high school, or non-science first-year college audience. The discussion below considers some more advanced aspects of the demonstration, which make this an excellent demonstration for the first-year science majors' course as well as upper- and graduate-level analytical and electrochemistry courses. For Those Who Want More More advanced students can readily explore the parameters of the clock system beyond merely studying cell voltage at standard conditions. In this system, for example, two sources contribute to the oxidation of the magnesium electrode. One is the reaction with acid as part of the process that runs the clock. Also present is the reaction in acid solution that occurs irrespective of the electron flow used to run the clock, a process of corrosion that dissolves the metal without useful energy being obtained. It is possible to distinguish between the two and to determine, via Faraday's constant, the average current available to the clock in this system. Faraday's Constant and the Average Current Data for a typical determination are given in Table 1. The data were taken using a 0.3317-g magnesium strip that had been cleaned with steel wool. The magnesium and copper strips (the copper was cleaned by dipping in 1 M nitric acid for a few seconds) were placed in 400 mL of a commercial orange juice so that about 15 cm of each strip was above and 15 cm below the liquid line. About 5 cm of the magnesium strip was coiled. The clock was hooked up in the usual fashion. At 1-hour intervals, the mass of the magnesium wire was determined on an analytical balance. A digital multimeter was used to measure the voltage every hour and the current every other hour. The pH of the juice, initially 3.85 at 20 °C, was 3.93 at the end of the experiment, as measured with a portable pH meter. This is a typical result. A comparison system (called "no clock" in Table 1) was set up merely by putting a 0.3317-g strip of magnesium in 400 mL of orange juice. With this system we can exemplify a "corrosion process" where the anode and the cathode are in the same place. There is consumption of magnesium and evolution of molecular hydrogen but no useful current can be obtained. The mass of this magnesium strip was measured at 1-hour intervals. Faraday's constant, which relates coulombs to moles of electrons, can be used to calculate the approximate current available to the clock in this system. The current will not be constant because the H+ concentration (related to pH) is changing and also because the surface area and composition of the magnesium electrode change with time. The change is not necessarily regular, because although the surface is being oxidized, it is not smooth. The actual available surface area will therefore be considerably greater than the geometric surface. The mass of magnesium oxidized in the clock reaction over the 4-hour period is approximately equal to the change in grams of magnesium while running the clock minus the mass of magnesium oxidized in orange juice without the clock. Using the data from Table 1, grams Mg oxidized to run clock = approx. (0.3317 - 0.3089) - (0.3317 - 0.3136) = 0.0047 g Mg The average current can then be calculated via Faraday's constant: This is a rather simplistic way to get the current, but it shows well the use of Faraday's constant. The Value of Computer Interfacing - Exploring the Physics of Current/Voltage Measurements A more instructive measure of voltage vs. time, which opens up the activity to more interesting possibilities, was obtained by interfacing the clock to a Macintosh 8100/80 microcomputer via Vernier Corporation serial box interface hardware and software (see ref 2). This affordable (100-$250 per computer) interfacing package is being used in our first-year chemistry laboratories. The interfacing setup permitted data to be acquired at the much more meaningful rate of up to 50 points per second. It also permitted us to observe voltage variations with time while the strips in orange juice were hooked up to the clock. When data are taken 50 times per second rather than once every hour, the data take on new meaning. Figure 4 shows that there is a substantial drop in voltage each time the clock ticks. Figure 4.The observed voltage drop in the circuit corresponds to the ticking of the clock. The drop is due to the internal resistance of the orange juice solution. Video of orange juice clock connected to chart recorder demostrating voltage drop in the circuit as clock ticks. Video was filmed and editted by Jerry Jacobson at the University of Wisconsin - Madison. This observation can be explained and can be predicted as part of a student activity, if we understand the nature of an open vs. a short circuit. A battery can, in concept, perform between two extreme points: an open circuit, in which the voltage (V) is at a maximum but there is no current (I), and a short circuit, in which the current is at a maximum but there is no voltage. A battery is best used at an intermediate point where the power, I xV, is a maximum. In summary (eqs 5-7): (5) Open Circuit: V = maximum and I = 0 (6) Short Circuit: I = maximum and V = 0 (7) Battery Use: I x V = power = maximum A 1.5-V battery has an open circuit potential of 1.5 volts. When the battery is working, however, the real voltage will be less than 1.5 V. This is due to the internal resistance of the battery. So the real voltage of the battery (Vreal) equals the open circuit voltage (Vopen) minus the voltage drop due to internal resistance in the battery. This drop is equal to the current passing through the circuit (I) multiplied by the internal resistance of the battery (Rint), as shown in eq 8: Vreal = Vopen - I x Rint (8) If the current passing is 0.002 A and the internal resistance of a 1.5-V battery is 50 Ohms, the real voltage is 1.4 V: Vreal = 1.5 V - (0.0020 A x 50 Ohms) = 1.4 V In this activity, in which we make a battery with a magnesium and a copper strip in orange juice, the juice itself provides the internal resistance in the battery. The key then to determining what the voltage drop should be is to find the internal resistance of the orange juice and then to find the current passing through the clock circuit. Students can determine the internal resistance of the orange juice by performing the following measurements. Note that the internal resistance of the orange juice is highly dependent upon how far apart the strips are in solution. The strips should be firmly taped, top and bottom, to the beaker. The data below were typical for 0.35-g Mg and 6.0-g Cu strips that were 4 cm apart in a 600-mL beaker with 400 mL of orange juice. The solution was not stirred. The area of the strips in solution was about 7.5 cm2 for the magnesium and about 15 cm2 for the copper. 1. Measure, using a high-impedance voltmeter, the voltage of the circuit using the voltmeter itself, rather than the clock, to complete the circuit. This will give a good approximation of the open circuit potential (the current is negligible, on the order of microamps if the voltmeter has MOhm resistance). In our setup Vopen = 1.772 V. 2. Attach a 1000-Ohm resistor across the circuit. Measure the voltage in parallel to the resistor. This voltage (1.037 V in our setup) will be equal to the current in the circuit x the resistance of 1000 Ohm. We can now solve for the current in this circuit: I = V/R = 1.037 V/1000 Ohm = 0.001037 A = 1.037 mA 3. The resistance of the orange juice is then calculated via the difference between the open circuit voltage (1.772 V) and the voltage with a known resistance (1.037 V). The difference, 1.772 - 1.037 = 0.735 V, equals the product of the circuit current and the resistance of the orange juice (ROJ), or ROJ = 0.735 V/0.001037 A = 708 Ohm 4. Finally, measure the current that the clock itself requires by hooking up in series an ammeter to the battery and the clock. The reading is not easy to take with an ammeter, which does not sample very often, and integrates across time. The computer interface works better for this. In our clock, a current of 0.49 mA was used. 5. The payoff comes at this point. The predicted voltage drop (I x Rint) can be calculated, voltage drop = I x Rint = 0.00049 A x 708 Ohm = 0.35 V Our observed voltage drops for this system were typically around 0.30 V. As a confirmation of the relationship of internal resistance to voltage drop, we placed the strips 1 mm apart in an orange by digging 2 holes in the orange and placing into the holes the coiled parts of the strips. We expected the voltage drop to be much higher than with the juice, due to the much higher internal resistance of the orange. Even when the strips were nearly touching, the drop was about 1 V. The Water Clock We discussed above the difference in the redox system when water is used rather than orange juice. Distilled water, which has a high internal resistance, will not permit the clock to run. However, hard tap water or distilled water with, for example, 1 g of table salt in 300 mL of water will work fine. As expected, because of the lower hydrogen ion concentration, the initial cell voltage is lower, typically around 1.45 V. The clock also ticks more slowly and more softly in water than in orange juice. In water, a black precipitate forms on the magnesium electrode and becomes more extensive with time. When the strip is removed from distilled water, and allowed to dry the precipitate turns white. Further student exploration on the precipitate might include designing experiments to find out if the precipitate is a carbonate or an oxide (from the hydroxide.) Non-Nernstian Considerations The systems above were always run without stirring because when setting up demonstrations, portability, simplicity, and expense are important, and the main concepts are as clear with a stir bar as without. We do note, however, that when the solution is constantly stirred, the rate of magnesium oxidation both with the clock setup and simply in solution is considerably faster than when the process is diffusion-limited. In fact, whereas the Mg strip will often last for several days in very dilute acid and overnight in orange juice when the solutions are not stirred, it will break off within 4 h when the solutions are stirred. Another important issue relates to our use of the Nernst equation to account for the potential developed in the system. This equation is very useful to assess chemistry at equilibrium conditions, but the orange juice clock is using an electric current and so is not at equilibrium. In our orange juice system, the Nernst equation (eq 9) is, in which E° = E°Mg - E°H2 - h and h = overpotential = difference in H2/H+ couple at a copper electrode minus that at platinum black. The hydrogen overpotential on a copper surface is typically 0.23 V. Another treatment of overpotential is given below. In our experiments, magnesium concentration and hydrogen activity were not measured or controlled; the pH was 3.85-3.93, as described above. The maximum theoretical potential of the electrode system is greater than that which is available to the clock when there is current flow. As described above, the potential drop is calculated as current ¥ internal resistance, equaling the "iR drop." This is why potentials are measured with a voltmeter, with a very high internal resistance, which draws very little current from the system. The measure of how far a system is from equilibrium is called the overpotential (h) h = actual potential minus potential at equilibrium This, along with the anodic and the cathodic components, the energy involved, and the temperature of the system are all dealt with using the Butler-Volmer equation, given as eq 10: I = io(e+Fh/2RT - e-Fh/2RT) (10) in which io is a specific constant for every system "electrode-electrolyte" and is called the "equilibrium exchange current." For this case, we have assumed the symmetry factor to be equal to 1/2. A detailed discussion of this factor is beyond the purpose of this paper, but can be found in ref 3. Questions To Raise with Students/Teacher Workshop Participants This demonstration can be a starting point for many concepts. It is especially powerful in showing how chemistry can be used beyond the chemistry laboratory. The primary question is "how is this system different from that in which redox occurs at one surface (such as a zinc strip placed in a solution of copper sulfate)?" The key with this electrochemical cell is that we are separating the anode from the cathode to take advantage of the electron flow (current) through an external wire and this current will give power to the clock or any other device. This is the essence of a battery. Other questions we often ask are: Is enough current produced to run a small electric motor? Light a light? Would the system work if we put Cu2+ ions into the solution? What would happen if we titrate the acid solution with a strong base while the clock is running? What happens to the voltage if we put Mg2+ into the system? Are the complex ions of Mg2+ with citric acid important to the potential value? What is the relationship between the clock ticking and different juices? Why is this relationship so? What are the reactions in the most popular commercial batteries? What is the chemical basis of rechargeable batteries? Related Activities We do this demonstration while studying electrochemistry during the second semester of the general chemistry sequence. In precollege teacher workshops, it is an important focus of an Operation Chemistry unit dealing with energy needs for living on board the space shuttle (4). A number of fairly safe activities work well as lead-in or follow-up material, as described in Table 2. Copies of these activities are available by writing to PK. Acknowledgments We wish to thank Walt Hancock and Jonathan Skean, along with our wonderful undergraduates Mickey Richards, Cory Emal, Julie Grundman, Jeff Atkins, and Darren Jack, for being there. Literature Cited 1. Alyea, H. N. Tested Demonstrations in General Chemistry, 1955-1956; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1956. 2. Vernier Software, 8565 SW Beaverton Hillsdale Highway, Portland, OR 97225; phone (503) 297-5317. 3. Bockris, J.; Reddy, A. K. N. Modern Electrochemistry; Plenum: New York, 1970; Vol 2. 4. Kelter, P.; Hughes, K.; Murphy, A.; Roskos, P. J. Sci. Teacher Educ. 1995, 6, 57-59. 5. Tested Demonstrations in Chemistry; Gilbert, G., Ed.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1994; Vol. 1, #E-13. 6. Katz, D. A.; Willis, C. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 330-331. 7. Holmquist, D. D.; Volz, D. L. Chemistry with Computers;Vernier Software, Portland OR, 1994.

  9. Fatal attraction: the intuitive appeal of GMO opposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blancke, Stefaan; Van Breusegem, Frank; De Jaeger, Geert; Braeckman, Johan; Van Montagu, Marc

    2015-07-01

    Public opposition to genetically modified organisms (GMOs) remains strong. By contrast, studies demonstrate again and again that GM crops make a valuable contribution to the development of a sustainable type of agriculture. The discrepancy between public opinion and the scientific evidence requires an explanation. We argue that intuitive expectations about the world render the human mind vulnerable to particular misrepresentations of GMOs. We explain how the involvement of particular intuitions accounts for the popularity, persistence, and typical features of GM opposition and tackle possible objections to our approach. To conclude, we discuss the implications for science education, science communication, and the environmental movement. PMID:25868652

  10. 27 CFR 13.25 - Appeal of qualification or denial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... denial. 13.25 Section 13.25 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE... be the final decision of TTB. (b) Informal resolution. Applicants may choose to pursue informal resolution of disagreements regarding correction sheets or qualifications by requesting an...

  11. REPRESENTATION CONTEXT AND ETHNIC APPEALS:A STUDY TO THE CHANGE OF THE“CHI YOU” NARATIVE FROM ANCIENT TIME TO MODERN TIME%表述语境与族群诉求:论蚩尤叙事的古今流变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余红艳

    2015-01-01

    蚩尤叙事起自先秦,流传下来的众多文本主要为三重叙事:朝廷叙事、民间叙事、学者叙事。对应的蚩尤形象为:战神与乱臣、恶神和妖鬼、黎苗君长和中华始祖。三重叙事同源异流,各自发展,但在历史进程中,由于表述语境、表述主体、表述诉求的变化,三重叙事消长起伏,则秦汉唐以帝国朝廷叙事最为突出,宋元明在朝廷叙事消减后民间世俗书写继续生长,现当代学者叙事依靠国族叙事掌控局面。当下,蚩尤被纳入文化资源行列,正迎来以遗产开发为中心的区域文化资源整合叙事。在这场整合性叙事中,蚩尤形象将被重新设计。%The narrative of “Chi You” generated in pre-Qin era.The narrative texts handing down can be classified into three categories:the court narrative, folk narrative and narrative among scholars.Cor-respondingly, the images of“Chi You” are the Ares and the Traitors, the Ahriman and the Demon, the Ca-cique of numerous ethnic Miao groups and the Ancestor of the Han Chinese respectively.The triple narra-tives share the same origin but develop respectively.Historically, due to the changes in the representation of context, subject and appeal, the narratives emerged one after another.The court narrative was prominent from Qin and Han dynasties to the Tang Dynasty, the folk secular writing emerged in the period from Song and Yuan dynasties to the Ming dynasty, modern and contemporary scholars resorted to national narrative.The‘Chi You’ narrative has been incorporated into cultural resource at present.The image of‘Chi You’ will be redesigned in the whole integrated narrative focusing on the development of heritages.

  12. 論歐洲專利公約下手術方法可專利性之最新發展——以歐洲專利局擴大上訴委員會G 1/07案為中心 Patent Protection for Surgical Methods Under the European Patent Convention — The Opinion of the Enlarged Board of Appeal G 1/07

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    許曉芬 Hsiao-Fen Hsu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available 醫療方法之專利保護向來是一個充滿爭論且棘手的問題。歐洲專利公約於2000 年修法時,將不予醫療方法專利的立法架構,從擬制不具產業利用性變更法定不予專利事項。限制的項目維持不變,仍為人體或動物之「手術方法」、「治療方法」及在人體或動物上實施之「診斷方法」。而歐洲專利局擴大上訴委員會於2005 年關於診斷方法的G 1/04 ( Diagnostic methods/CYGNUS)案,及2010 年關於手術方法的G 1/07(Treatment by surgery/MEDI-PHYSIC)案之決定,更是進一步嘗試替爭議許久的醫療方法判斷標準及解釋方法,找出一最符合法安定性的平衡觀點。特別是在G 1/07 案中,擴大上訴委員會明確指出歐洲專利公約中之法定不予專利事項,應和其他可專利性要件採同樣之解釋方法,而非逕自認為宜採從嚴解釋。我國專利法及審查基準對醫療方法之看法,不管是定義或構成要件,都與歐洲形成之判斷標準十分接近。本文藉由對歐洲專利局最新醫療方法相關決定的詳細分析,期能提供我國法制在醫療專利和公共健康議題上,參考借鏡之處。 Under article 53(c of the European Patent Convention (the “EPC” 2000, methods for medical or veterinary treatment, namely therapeutic, surgical and diagnostic methods, are excluded from patent protection. Considering the difficulty to find a balance between the interests of public health and of patients, specially freeing the medical profession from constraints which would be imposed on them by patents granted on method of medical treatment, and the proper patent protection for these medical related inventions, the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office has delineated the boundaries of the exclusion to insure the necessary legal certainty by two recent decisions G 1/04 and G 1/07. This article attempts to analyze these recent

  13. 45 CFR 1630.7 - Review of questioned costs and appeal of disallowed costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... shall issue a management decision stating whether or not the cost has been disallowed, the reasons for... the management decision. (2) If Corporation management has determined that the questioned cost should be disallowed, the management decision shall also describe the expected recipient action to repay...

  14. Self-perceptions of romantic appeal in adolescents with a cleft lip and/or palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feragen, Kristin Billaud; Stock, Nicola Marie; Sharratt, Nicholas David; Kvalem, Ingela Lundin

    2016-09-01

    During adolescence, romantic relationships are a key developmental milestone. Coupled with the increasing salience of appearance and social acceptance, adolescents with an appearance-altering condition may feel particularly vulnerable when it comes to romantic relationships. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of romantic experiences among adolescents with a cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P), and to investigate how these experiences could be related to depressive symptoms and global self-worth. The study included 661 Norwegian adolescents with CL/P, who were compared to a large national sample. The prevalence of romantic relationships was lower among adolescents with CL/P compared to the reference group, although the overall impact on depressive symptoms and global self-worth appeared to be low. This study is one of few to explore the impact of a congenital visible condition on experiences of romantic relationships and provides preliminary insight into a significant, yet complex topic. PMID:27459395

  15. Teaching physics to student's with special needs & make more appealing to encourage mathematical skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schunicht, Shannon

    2010-03-01

    This WORLDY recognized mnemonic discovery resulted from this author' head injury (3 weeks unconsciousness). Beginning with some essential Brain Facts to explain how this remarkable discovery was devised: Right hemisphere => Spatial/musical Left hemisphere => Language/Logic This authors education: 2 ea BA degrees => language requirement A hole in the head (right hemisphere) may be spied on the WTVH DVD. The damaged right hemisphere accentuates this author's left hemisphere coupled with 2ea BA degrees that require a language ('83 BA a/Spanish & '94 BA w/Latin). Physical survival may be attributed to US Army RANGER training who Never say die! 10-82, 11-82, & 13 83. Recovery came having to learn EVERYTHING all over again, as I was reported having displayed upon awakening from the extended unconsciousness (19 days). Studies were difficult without a memory, but simple because I had always been forced to learn EVERYTHING MYSELF by mother who was a kindergarten teacher! The residual deficit continues to plague this author: Out of Sight is truly Out of mind! Even for a student whose memory is NOT disabled, memory is difficult. The ``nut's & bolts'' of this presentation are essentially having each Vowel represent a Mathematical operation. A: multiplication => @ O: division => Over I: subraction => mInus U: addition => plUs E: => Equals Most constants and variables are indeed consonants, e.g. c = speed of light z = altitude

  16. Seventeen-Month-Olds Appeal to False Beliefs to Interpret Others' Referential Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southgate, Victoria; Chevallier, Coralie; Csibra, Gergely

    2010-01-01

    Recent studies have demonstrated infants' pragmatic abilities for resolving the referential ambiguity of non-verbal communicative gestures, and for inferring the intended meaning of a communicator's utterances. These abilities are difficult to reconcile with the view that it is not until around 4 years that children can reason about the internal…

  17. Alternatives for Making Language Learning Games More Appealing for Self-access Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charatdao Intratat

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This investigation of popular computer games in comparison with language learning games was designed to offer an insight into the potential of games to the field of self-access. The study surveyed and analyzed common characteristics of popular computer games and then compared them with characteristics of several language learning games. It also investigated the participants’ recommended characteristics of computer games for learning English. The data were collected from undergraduate students at King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand. The results showed that the most conducive characteristics for attractive language learning games included animation, variety, planning strategy, virtual background, challenging action and accumulated reward.

  18. Some Thoughts on the Issue of Making the Liberal Science Courses More Appealing to Academics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoon, Koh Aik; Jalal, Azman

    2008-01-01

    This paper traces the history of the Liberal Science courses and explores the mechanisms whereby the courses can be made more attractive to academics in the Faculty of Science and Technology (FST) at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). (Contains 1 table.)

  19. Appeal of inappropriate technologies: self-inflicted wages, ethnic pride and corruption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winston, G.C.

    1979-08-01

    A survey of manufacturing firms in Nigeria produced a set of useful clues to why firms in poor countries so often choose inappropriate production technologies. Some of their explanations do and some do not fit neatly in the neoclassical modelling of production by which economists have judged technological appropriateness. Much of what the firms described affect their real costs and do so in ways that escape economists' notice; technology is appropriate to the managers' view of costs. Often they were responding to more complicated goals than simple profit maximization for the firm; defense of ethnic identity or the goal of increasing their own incomes by stealing from the firm.

  20. 43 CFR 4.413 - Service of notice of appeal and of other documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., Lakewood, CO 80215; (v) BLM Eastern States Office, including all District and Area Offices within its area..., Rocky Mountain Region, U.S. Department of the Interior, 755 Parfet Street, Suite 151, Lakewood, CO...

  1. 42 CFR 422.620 - Notifying enrollees of hospital discharge appeal rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... facility providing care at the inpatient hospital level, whether that care is short term or long term... specialty care or providing a broader spectrum of services. This definition also includes critical access... enrollee refuses to sign the notice. The hospital may annotate its notice to indicate the refusal, and...

  2. Clinical appeal of Cultural Formulations in Rural Mental Health::A Manual

    OpenAIRE

    Jain, Sumeet

    2012-01-01

    The term ‘culture’ although popular in Indian lay health terminology, remains alien to psychiatric vocabulary in the country. Its usage is primarily as an epidemiological variable within Social Psychiatry. This chapter argues that for ‘cultural sensitivity’ in a rural context, to be relevant and effective for both professionals and patients, it is necessary to re-examine the cultural identities of mental health professionals themselves, in their clinical encounters with rural Indian patients....

  3. What's Money Got to Do With It? The Appeal of the For-Profit Education Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilling, JoAnna

    2013-01-01

    For-profit colleges have been dismissed by community college administrators and faculty as imperfect institutions that focus too heavily on skills-based training, to the detriment of a well-rounded academic experience. Although there are many appropriate criticisms of an educational model that relies on federal funding to make a profit--while…

  4. 5 CFR 1201.154 - Time for filing appeal; closing record in cases involving grievance decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... relevant citations of authority; and (4) Legible copies of the final grievance or arbitration decision, the... other employees excluded from the coverage of the federal labor-management relations laws at chapter...

  5. Meaning of Brands for Consumers in their Social Interactions: Appeal of Symbolic Expressions of Cultural Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luiz Maranhão de Souza Leão

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Much has been discussed about how the consumer has become the core trigger for changes within contemporary society. In this regard, it is considered that identities are formed by consumer choices. The identities are not expressed by the products chosen, per se, but by what the products represent. Thus, we deduce that the purchase of brands is a mainstay of the construction of cultural identities. With this in mind, this study aimed to understand how consumers construct their identities by using brands as symbolic resources in their social interactions in everyday life. To this end, an ethnography of communication was conducted through participant observation of everyday interactions of people from different social groups. The results indicated eleven types of identity, divided into three categories: communal, social, and personal. In the end, we analyzed the possible contributions of the study for both academia and for brand management.

  6. 15 CFR 4.29 - Appeal of initial adverse agency determination on correction or amendment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Assistant General Counsel for Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Room 5875, 14th and Constitution... agencies to which the disagreement statement is disclosed; and (5) The individual has a right to judicial... Department's control number assigned to the request. The Privacy Officer who issued the initial denial...

  7. Noncommutative Black Holes, The Final Appeal To Quantum Gravity: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolini, Piero

    2008-01-01

    We present the state of the art regarding the relation between the physics of Quantum Black Holes and Noncommutative Geometry. We start with a review of models proposed in the literature for describing deformations of General Relativity in the presence of noncommutativity, seen as an effective theory of Quantum Gravity. We study the resulting metrics, proposed to replace or at least to improve the conventional black hole solutions of Einstein's equation. In particular, we analyze noncommutati...

  8. 7 CFR 1485.20 - Financial management, reports, evaluations and appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... (ii) A brand promotion evaluation is a review of the U.S. and foreign commercial entities' export... of the program to determine the effectiveness of the participant's strategy in meeting specified... program evaluation's findings and recommendations and proposed changes in program strategy or design as...

  9. Survival of the Fittest : Appealing qualities of services for downloadable music

    OpenAIRE

    Besic, Edvin; de Maré, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Internet är idag en naturlig del av större delen av den svenska befolkningens vardag. I och med detta har allt fler tillgång till och konsumerar allt mer medier i olika former. Musikindustrin hävdar samtidigt att de förlorar allt mer pengar vilket motiveras med den ökade piratkopieringen. Detta är en kvalitativ studie ur användarnas perspektiv där syftet är att ta reda på hur musikindustrin kan göra sina lagliga tjänster för nedladdning av musik mer attraktiva för konsumenterna. Vi undersöker...

  10. An appeal for a scientific assessment of the effects of uranium-tipped arms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article is a call for a scientific investigation of the hazards of depleted uranium arms that were used during the Gulf war (operation Tempest Storm) and the military intervention in Kosovo. The Pentagon acknowledges that over 940.000 30-millimeter uranium tipped bullets and more than 14.000 large caliber depleted uranium rounds were consumed during operation Tempest Storm. According to the author, this investigation is requested because about one out of five American soldiers who served in the Gulf war, complains about health problems concerning themselves or their children. A fair investigation has not yet been carried out because of the strong opposition of lobbies such as nuclear industry and arm industry and because of economic or military or state interests that are inevitably involved in the affair. (A.C.)

  11. Taurine: the appeal of a safe amino acid for skeletal muscle disorders

    OpenAIRE

    De Luca, Annamaria; Pierno, Sabata; Camerino, Diana Conte

    2015-01-01

    Taurine is a natural amino acid present as free form in many mammalian tissues and in particular in skeletal muscle. Taurine exerts many physiological functions, including membrane stabilization, osmoregulation and cytoprotective effects, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions as well as modulation of intracellular calcium concentration and ion channel function. In addition taurine may control muscle metabolism and gene expression, through yet unclear mechanisms. This review summarizes the...

  12. Taurine: the appeal of a safe amino acid for skeletal muscle disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Luca, Annamaria; Pierno, Sabata; Camerino, Diana Conte

    2015-01-01

    Taurine is a natural amino acid present as free form in many mammalian tissues and in particular in skeletal muscle. Taurine exerts many physiological functions, including membrane stabilization, osmoregulation and cytoprotective effects, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions as well as modulation of intracellular calcium concentration and ion channel function. In addition taurine may control muscle metabolism and gene expression, through yet unclear mechanisms. This review summarizes the effects of taurine on specific muscle targets and pathways as well as its therapeutic potential to restore skeletal muscle function and performance in various pathological conditions. Evidences support the link between alteration of intracellular taurine level in skeletal muscle and different pathophysiological conditions, such as disuse-induced muscle atrophy, muscular dystrophy and/or senescence, reinforcing the interest towards its exogenous supplementation. In addition, taurine treatment can be beneficial to reduce sarcolemmal hyper-excitability in myotonia-related syndromes. Although further studies are necessary to fill the gaps between animals and humans, the benefit of the amino acid appears to be due to its multiple actions on cellular functions while toxicity seems relatively low. Human clinical trials using taurine in various pathologies such as diabetes, cardiovascular and neurological disorders have been performed and may represent a guide-line for designing specific studies in patients of neuromuscular diseases. PMID:26208967

  13. WHAT DETERMINES AN APPEALING WEBSITE? EXPLORING THE ROLE OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES IN CONSUMER DECISION MAKING

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana-Emilia ROBU

    2014-01-01

    Existing research in human-computer interaction suggests that visual perception critically influence the consumers’ attitudes and expectations toward the website. Many websites fail to capture users’ first impression and help them decide on which page they should stay. One of the reasons websites fail is the poor design, even though they are usable. In order to meet this challenge, our study provides recommendations regarding the most important factors that influence users’ first impres...

  14. 77 FR 12842 - Office of the Secretary; Departmental Appeals Board; Statement of Organization, Functions and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... agencies), and training in conflict management techniques. The Division is headed by a Director who is a... amended at 60 FR 52403- 52405, dated October 6, 1995, as follows: I. Under Section AH.10 Organization,...

  15. 38 CFR 20.900 - Rule 900. Order of consideration of appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Postponement to provide hearing. Any other provision of this Rule notwithstanding, a case may be postponed for later consideration and determination if such postponement is necessary to afford the appellant...

  16. Humorous advertising used on TV: The effects of this appeal upon brand awareness

    OpenAIRE

    Ewing, Glen Kingsley

    2009-01-01

    The following study is a detailed account of the effects humorous TV advertising has upon brand awareness. The objective of this study is to uncover firstly, can humour gain attention for the brand and through using humour in TV ads, can this create more recognition towards the brand? Also is the brand remembered in conjunction with the humorous TV advert? These are the main questions that will be studied and answered. A brief introduction to the study and the purpose of the study is explaine...

  17. Olive Oil Market Trends -The Importance of An Appealing Packaging Design

    OpenAIRE

    Hübinette, Matilda; Jonas, Jenny

    2013-01-01

    I denna kandidatuppsats besvaras frågan om vilka designlösningar på förpackningen till en olivolja som i butikssammanhang positionerar sig som mer exklusiv och därmed bidrar till att målgruppen inhandlar produkten. För att ta reda på detta har observationer på sådana olivoljeflaskor gjorts i tre utvalda butiker. Utifrån dessa observationer har sedan en trendanalys gjorts. Med utgångspunkt ur trendanalysen har ett designarbete gjorts där fyra olika olivoljeförpackningar tagits fram baserade på...

  18. Appeal to the participants of the 4 annual conference '2000: international cooperation in Chernobyl'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All radioactive dump sites of city Dnieprodzerzhinsk were built without rules on radioactive security. They do not have safe surface isolation and waterproof that creates danger of radioactive pollution of atmosphere, city territory and underwater. 117 places of radioactive pollution were detected within city territory where radiation background is within 20-60 μR/h. The dosage rate achieves 120-1200 μR/h in some polluted places. This factors influence negatively the morbidity factor and demographic indexes

  19. Occupational lung diseases related to underground work conditions - a still appealing problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Occupational diseases of respiratory tract are listed among 12 independent nosological unites at the registry of the Slovak republic, (tuberculosis and lung cancer due to chemical carcinogens were excluded and listed elsewhere). In the past 10 years approximately 100 new cases of newly detected professional respiratory diseases have been reported. They encompass about 10% of all occupational diseases, ranging from 5 to 7 of all the most frequent occupational diseases. Pneumoconiosis, allergic and lung cancer represent currently the most frequent and paralinguistic the most serious occupational diseases. Pneumoconiosis represents an acute and chronic lung disease caused by inhalation and retention of inorganic dust. Silicosis is the most frequently reported pneumoconiosis in our region. It is a progressive aseptic inflammation of lung interstitium, due to long term inhalation and deposition of mineral dust containing free crystalic SiO2 followed by a fibrotic remodeling. The x-ray manifestation without an obvious symptomatology at the beginning of disease is quite common for pneumoconiosis in general. Therefore international standards have been generated in order to describe, quantify these x-ray changes, s.c. ILO Classification. The standard chest radiograph is currently, at justified cases, accompanied by modern diagnostic CT related methods. Besides obligatory function diagnostics, microscopic and cultivation examinations, new modern facultative tests are also available for the purpose of differential diagnostics, allowing to identify diseases with a similar clinical pattern. (authors)

  20. Ready to leave the ivory tower? Academic scientists' appeal to work in the private sector

    OpenAIRE

    Fritsch, Michael; Krabel, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    In this study we investigate the factors that shape the attitudes of scientists toward starting their own business or working in a private sector firm. The analysis is based on data collected from scientists working in the German Max Planck Society, a research institution devoted to basic science. We find that the scientists' evaluations of the attractiveness of working in a private sector firm or of starting their own business differ considerably according to their academic discipline and th...