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Sample records for apos varios tratamentos

  1. Evaluation of the protection behaviour of reinforcement steel against corrosion induced by chlorides in reinforced mortar specimens; Avaliacao do comportamento frente a corrosao pelo ataque de cloreto de argamassa armada apos varios tratamentos protetores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crivelaro, Marcos

    2002-07-01

    In this work various treatments for protecting reinforcing steels against corrosion induced by chlorides have been evaluated. Additives to mortars and surface treatments given to reinforcing steels were evaluated as corrosion protection measures. In the preliminary tests the corrosion resistance of a CA 50 steel treated by immersion in nearly 50 different solutions, was determined. The solutions were prepared with tannins (from various sources) and/or benzotriazole, and during immersion, a surface film formed on the steel. The corrosion resistance of the coated steels was evaluated in a saturated Ca(OH){sub 2} solution with 5% (wt) NaCl. Preliminary tests were also carried out with mortars reinforced with uncoated steel to which tannin or lignin was added. Two organic coatings, a monocomponent and a bicomponent type, formulated specially for this investigation, with both tannin and benzotriazole, were also tested in the preliminary tests to select the coating with better corrosion protection property. The bicomponent type (epoxy coating) showed better performance than the monocomponent type coating, and the former was therefore chosen to investigate the corrosion performance on CA 50 steel inside mortar specimens. From the preliminary tests, two solutions with tannin from two sources, Black Wattle (Acacia mearnsii) and Brazilian tea (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hill), to which benzotriazole and phosphoric acid were added, were chosen. Mortar specimens reinforced with CA50 steel treated by immersion in these two solutions were prepared. Also, epoxy coated CA50 steel was tested as reinforcement inside mortar specimens. Mortars reinforced with uncoated CA50 steel were also prepared and corrosion tested for comparison. The effect of tannin and lignin as separate additives to the mortar on the corrosion resistance of uncoated steel was also studied. The reinforced mortar specimens were tested with various cycles of immersion for 2 days in 3.5% (wt) NaCl followed by with air drying for 5 days. The corrosion tests used in this investigation were gravimetric and electrochemical tests. The results showed satisfactory corrosion performance for all kinds of protection measures. However, the performance depended on the type of protection used. The best performance was obtained with tannin containing epoxy coated steel, followed by the steel treated by immersion in tannin containing solutions and finally by the addition of tannin (Black Wattle) or lignin to the mortar. All the protection measures evaluated in this study are economically viable and environmentally friendly and can therefore be considered for protecting reinforcement steels against corrosion. (author)

  2. ALTERACIONES EN LA PRODUCCIÓN mRNA DE ENZIMAS INTESTINALES DE CERDOS DURANTE VARIOS PERÍODOS POSDESTETE ALTERAÇÕES NA PRODUÇÃO DE mRNA DE ENZIMAS INTESTINAIS DOS SUINOS DURANTE DIVERSOS PERÍODOS APOS O DESMAME ALTERATIONS IN THE PRODUCTION mRNA OF INTESTINAL ENZYMES IN PIGS DURING SEVERAL POSTWEANING PERIODS

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    CAROLINA MONTOYA R.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la expresión génica de enzimas a nivel de enterocito de cerdos durante el período posdestete. El trabajo de campo se realizó con 16 cerdos destetados a los 21 días de edad en el Centro San Pablo, perteneciente a la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Los animales fueron alimentados durante 10 días con una dieta basal que tuvo como componentes leche y algunos de sus derivados, y que además cumplía con todos los mínimos nutricionales. Los cerdos se sacrificaron escalonadamente los días 1, 5, 7 y 10 posdestete. Se realizó extracción completa del intestino delgado, el cual fue dividido en tres secciones (duodeno, yeyuno e íleon. Se evaluó la expresión génica de las enzimas digestivas por RT-PCR. El diseño estadístico empleado fue completamente al azar. Para las enzimas intestinales se presentaron disminuciones significativas, donde el día cinco posdestete presentó los menores valores(PO objetivo desta pesquisa foi determinar a expressão dos genes das aminopeptidases e dissacaridasesaonível do enterocito de suinos durante períodos apos o desmame. A experiência foi conduzida no centro de produção de San Pablo da Universidade Nacional de Colômbia (Medellín com 16 suinos desmamados aos 21 dias de vida. Os animais foram alimentados por 10 diascomuma dieta básica comleite e alguns de seus derivados, e aquele igualmente cumpriu todos os requisitos mínimos nutricionaís. Os suinos foram eutanasiados nos dias 1, 5, 7 y 10 pós-desmame. A extração completa do intestino pequeno foi realizada, que foi dividido emtrêsseções (duodeno, jejum e íleo. A expressão dos genes das enzimas digestivas por RT-PCR foi avaliada. O delineamento estatístico empregado foi completamente ao acaso. Para as enzimas intestinais as diminuições significativas foram apresentadas, onde no quinto diaapos o desmame apresentou os valores mais baixos (P0.01. O desmame precoce altera a expressão molecular das

  3. Assessment of effect of chemical treatment to carnauba's fibers straw; Avaliacao do efeito de tratamento quimico as fibras da palha de carnauba

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, T.M.P. de; Carvalho, L.F.M.; Oliveira, R.R. de; Sousa, F.M.S. de; Sousa, R.C. de; Marques, J.R., E-mail: thaismarjore.pc@gmail.com [Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia do Piaui (IFPI), Teresina, PI (Brazil)

    2016-07-01

    The use of natural fibers in composite materials has been highlighted in the scientific field. However, its application in polymer matrices usually requires surface modifications. The objective of this work was to treat carnauba's straw fibers with NaOH 1 % and NaOH 5% solutions and measure the water absorption. We used the X-ray diffraction (XRD configuration “Bragg- Brentano) for verification of the crystalline phases and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) to identify functional groups. The alkali treatment allowed the solubilization of the hemicellulose and lignin without causing changes to cellulose, as indicated by FTIR spectrophotometry and by the increase in crystallinity content. The samples showed the typical peaks of constituents of the fiber. The natural fiber showed an average water absorption of 256 %; fiber treated with NaOH 1%, 315 %; and treated with NaOH 5%, 405 %. Therefore, it is evident improvement in hydrophilicity, fundamental aspect in the interaction fiber / matrix. (author)

  4. Cambios histopatológicos inducidos por lindano (?-HCH) en varios órganos de peces

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz, Juan B.; González de Canales, M. Luisa; Sarasquete, Carmen

    2003-01-01

    En este trabajo se realiza un análisis a nivel histológico de los efectos producidos en varios órganos de Mugil sp., Cyprinus carpio y Barbas sp. tras una descarga accidental de lindano (?-Hexaclorociclohexano –?-HCH-) en el río Barbate (Cádiz, S0 España). Se detectaron alteraciones histopatológicas principalmente en branquias hígado y riñón. En branquias fueron frecuentes las fusiones en las laminillas secundarias, las descamaciones en el epitelio branquial, así como la presencia de edemas. ...

  5. Petrarca, il «vario stile» e l'idea di lirica

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    Marco Grimaldi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio analizza la diffusione della definizione di lirica contenuta nelle Etymologiae di Isidoro di Siviglia, che si fondava sulla varietà formale. Si cerca quindi di dimostrare: a il legame fra tale “varietà lirica” e il «vario stile» del sonetto proemiale del Canzoniere; b l’esistenza di un paradigma medievale della lirica come ‘poesia metricamente e stilisticamente varia’ da accostare a quello classico di ‘poesia cantata al suono della lira’ e a quello moderno di ‘poesia come espressione dell’interiorità’. The paper analyses the circulation of the definition of lyric poetry given by Isidore of Seville in his Etymologiae, which was based on formal variety. The author tries to prove: a the link between this “lyrical variety” and the «vario stile» in the first sonnet of Petrarch’s Rerum vulgarium fragmenta; b the presence of a medieval idea of lyric as ‘poetry caracterized by metrical and stylistic variety’ that we propose to add to the classical (‘poetry accompanied by music’ and modern idea (‘genre which expresses personal feelings’. 

  6. Factores asociados al empleo de varios antibióticos en pacientes clínicos

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    Ioanna Mir Narbona

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: identificar factores asociados con el empleo de varios antibióticos en pacientes clínicos. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de casos y controles en pacientes con infección, egresados de los servicios clínicos en el Hospital Docente Clínicoquirúrgico "Joaquín Albarrán" entre mayo de 2008 y diciembre de 2011. Se consideró caso al paciente que utilizó tres o más antibióticos. Se obtuvo la siguiente información: edad, sexo, antecedentes patológicos personales, tiempo de inicio de los síntomas sugestivos de un proceso infeccioso, uso previo de antibióticos, signos vitales y estado de conciencia al ingreso, resultados de estudios hematológicos y de química sanguínea, estudios radiográficos de tórax, diagnóstico de infección nosocomial y uso inadecuado de antimicrobianos. Se compararon las frecuencias mediante las pruebas de homogeneidad y prueba exacta de Fisher, pruebas t y de Wilcoxon. Se empleó la regresión logística para la identificación de los factores de riesgo. Resultados: Se estudiaron 92 casos y 184 controles. El riesgo de empleo de varios antibióticos se incrementó 2,68 veces por cada grado centígrado que se encontró elevada la temperatura del paciente (OR= 2,68; IC 95 % 1,21-5,94, 7 veces si existió alteración del nivel de conciencia (OR= 7,32; IC 95 % 1,88-28,55, 3,88 veces si se diagnosticó infección nosocomial y 9,98 veces si se consideró inadecuado el uso de antimicrobianos. Conclusiones: Los factores de riesgo para el uso de varios antibióticos identificados pueden contribuir a elaborar estrategias de control de la calidad de prescripción de antimicrobianos.

  7. Analysis of dose in heterogeneity adjuvant radiotherapy after surgical treatment of cases of breast cancer; Analise da heterogeneidade de dose em radioterapia adjuvante apos tratamento cirurgico de casos de cancer de mama

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    Grechi, Bruna E.; Schwarz, Ana Paula, E-mail: anapaulaschwarz@yahoo.com.br [Centro Universitario Franciscano (UNIFRA), Santa Maria, RS (Brazil); Teston, Adriano; Rodrigues, Joanilso S. [Clinica de Radioterapia Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS (Brazil)

    2013-12-15

    Assuming the systems planning radiotherapy recognize all body structures of the same density (d=1 g/cm³), variations in electron density within the irradiated area, as is the case of patients who undergo reconstruction mammary processes and use tissue expanders, may influence the dose distribution in the treatment and may produce heterogeneities which are not measured by changing its actual distribution into healthy tissues or in the target volume to be irradiated. Through the calculation of the algorithms' dose distribution of the XiO® planning system (Fast Fourier Transform, Convolution, Superposition, Fast Superposition e Clarkson), when using correction of heterogeneity between tissues of different densities, there was obtained a percentage ratio of dose increase in the structures of interest, and of the amount of absorbed dose by healthy organs adjacent to the target volume. (author)

  8. Estudio del efecto de los antagonistas del factor activador de las plaquetas (PAF) en varios modelos de shock experimental

    OpenAIRE

    Giral Pérez, Marta

    2001-01-01

    Estudio del efecto de los antagonistas del factor activador de las plaquetas (paf) en varios modelos de shock experimental. El shock es una situación clínica que se ha venido observando durante cientos de años y cuya presencia ha ido asociada con procesos que culminaban casi siempre con la muerte. El estudio de estos procesos ha permitido llegar a la conclusión de que el shock tiene un componente multifactorial y multietiológico. La cascada de eventos que tienen lugar en un estado de shock pa...

  9. Osteoartrite (artrose: tratamento

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    IB Coimbra

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIÇÃO DO MÉTODO DE COLETA DE EVIDÊNCIAS: Foram utilizados os estudos disponíveis na literatura médica presentes nas seguintes bases de dados, acessíveis através da internet: OVID (EBM-Reviews, incluindo-se as bases de dados da Cochrane e o Medline, de 1966 até o presente, através do Pubmed. Foram selecionados trabalhos de meta-análise e estudos duplo-cegos randomizados, quando presentes. Relatos ou série de casos foram utilizados quando publicados em jornaisde reconhecida idoneidade. As opiniões dos especialistas presentes foram utilizadas em relação a terapias não disponíveis na literatura e que fossem consideradas pela unanimidade dos presentes como importante para o manejo dos pacientes com osteoartrite. Envio prévio da bibliografia principal aos participantes. Reunião para elaboração do documento. Colocação do rascunho na internet por dez dias para mudanças. Elaboração final do documento. GRAU DE RECOMENDAÇÃO E FORÇA DE EVIDÊNCIA: A: Estudos experimentais e observacionais de melhor consistência. B: Estudos experimentais e observacionais de menor consistência. C: Relatos de casos (estudos não controlados. D: Opinião desprovida de avaliação crítica, baseada em consensos, estudos fisiológicos ou modelos animais. OBJETIVOS: Conciliar informações e condutas referentes ao tratamento da osteoartrite pelas três principais especialidades envolvidas, reumatologia, fisiatria e ortopedia. As condutas consensuais para a maioria dos participantes foram então agrupadas e constam nas recomendações deste documento. CONFLITO DE INTERESSE: Os autores Coimbra IB, Pucinelli MLC, Cavalcanti FS e Maciel FMB, declararam vínculo com a Indústria Farmacêutica.

  10. Tratamento da leishmaniose tegumentar americana pelo niridazol

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    Miroslau Constante Baranski

    1970-08-01

    Full Text Available Foi empregue o niridazol um derivado do nitrotiazol, em doze pacientes com leishmaniose tegumentar americana. Em todos êles, o diagnóstico clínico da doença foi confirmado pela biópsia das lesões e em oito dêles também pela positividade da intradetermorreação de Montenegro. Oito pacientes tinham lesões mucosas metastáticas em atividade e lesões cutâneas iniciais cicatrizadas há tempo mais ou menos longo. Dois apresentavam concomitância de lesões cutâneas e mucosas em atividade, e dois tinham lesões cutâneas exclusivas. A duração da doença variou de 2 meses a 32 anos. A posologia diária do niridazol foi uniformememente de 25 mg/kg de pêso corpóreo. O medicamento foi administrado por via oral, em duas tomadas diárias, sempre com o doente internado em hospital. Quando a tolerância o permitia, o paciente recebia cinco séries de tratamento de 10 dias de duração cada, intercaladas por períodos áe suspensão da droga de 10 dias entre uma série e outra. Isso foi possível em 10 dos 12 pacientes. O tratamento foi bem tolerado em 5 doentes e de tolerância regular em 4. Mal tolerado em um paciente pela ocorrência de alucinações e excitação mental e interrompido pela péssima tolerância em dois doentes devido ao aparecimento de convulsões generalizadas com perda da consciência. O tratamento acompanhou-se de grande incidência, de efeitos colaterais. A ocorrência de para-efeitos mais intensos não foi devida às más condições hepáticas. Provas de função hepática. hemogramas, estudos bioquímicos do sangue e exames de urina, realizados antes, durante e após o tratamento, não revelaram alterações significativas. Biópsias hepáticas por punção com agulha em dez doentes, prévias e posteriores ao tratamento, não detectaram lesões hepáticas que pudessem ser atribuídas à medicação. O seguimento dos doentes prolongou-se pelo prazo de dois a 36 meses apos o tratamento. Alterações eletrocardiogr

  11. Tratamento da dor em queimados

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    Rodrigo José Alencar de Castro

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Apesar dos avanços, ainda é observado manejo analgésico inadequado dos pacientes com queimaduras. O objetivo desta revisão foi coletar dados sobre tratamento da dor em queimados. CONTEÚDO: Foi feita revisão sobre os mecanismos de dor, avaliação do paciente com queimadura e o tratamento farmacológico e não farmacológico. CONCLUSÕES: O manejo da dor em pacientes vítimas de queimaduras ainda é um desafio por parte da equipe multiprofissional. A avaliação frequente e contínua da resposta apresentada pelo paciente é muito importante, tendo em vista os vários momentos por que passa o paciente internado em decorrência de uma queimadura, além de uma terapêutica combinada com medicações analgésicas e medidas não farmacológicas. Entender a complexidade de alterações fisiopatológicas, psicológicas e bioquímicas apresentadas por um paciente em tratamento de queimadura é o primeiro passo para alcançar o sucesso no seu manejo analgésico.

  12. Using a generic spatial access method for caching and efficient retrieval of vario-scale data in a server-client architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rovers, A; Meijers, B.M.; van Oosterom, P.J.M.; Bregt, Arnold; Sarjakoski, Tapani; Lammeren, Ron van; Rip, Frans

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a methodology for using a generic data-driven spatial access method as a communication mechanism for vario-scale data in a server-client setting. As a complete data set is often quite large, it is managed at the server side and supporting different scale levels is important. We

  13. Factores psicosociales relacionados con la intención migratoria externa de colombianos residentes en varios municipios vallecaucanos

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    Javier Murillo Muñoz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo . Estudiar la relación entre las variables psicosociales satisfacción con la vida, importancia del vínculo familiar, identidad nacional, importancia del dinero y apertura al cambio y la intención migratoria externa de colombianos residentes en varios municipios del Valle del Cauca para identificar cu á les son las mayores predictoras de la intención migratoria. Método . Estudio empírico con metodología cuantitativa-correlacional e intención predictiva, con 969 participantes seleccionados de manera no probabilística mediante la técnica bola de nieve, en la que contactos personales e institucionales iniciales condujeron al resto. Resultados. Los resultados indicaron que un porcentaje significativo de los participantes manifestaron intención de emigrar y mostraron una relación negativa y significativa de las variables satisfacción con la vida, importancia del vínculo familiar e identidad nacional con la intención migratoria, así como una relación positiva y significativa de las variables apertura al cambio e importancia del dinero con la misma intención migratoria. La identidad nacional emergió como el mayor predictor negativo y la apertura al cambio como el mayor predictor positivo de la intención migratoria. Conclusi ó n. La intención migratoria es un fenómeno multivariado en el que los factores psicológicos juegan un importante papel.

  14. CAMBIOS EN LA ACTIVIDAD ENZIMÁTICA EN DUODENO Y YEYUNO DE CERDOS DURANTE VARIOS PERIODOS POSDESTETE

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    D. Ospina

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: evaluar los cambios en la actividad enzimática intestinal de algunos cerdosdurante varios periodos posdestete. Materiales y métodos: el trabajo de campo serealizó en el Centro San Pablo, perteneciente a la Universidad Nacional de Colombia,sede Medellín. El estudio se realizó con 16 cerdos destetados a los 21 días de edad. Losanimales experimentales fueron alimentados durante 10 días con una dieta basal (DBque tuvo como componentes leche y algunos de sus derivados y que además cumplíacon los requerimientos nutricionales. Luego, los cerdos fueron sacrificados escalonadamentelos días uno, cinco, siete y diez posdestete, y se realizó extracción completa delintestino delgado, el cual fue dividido en dos secciones (duodeno y yeyuno de igualtamaño. El análisis de la actividad enzimática (APN, DPP-IV, LPH, MGA y SI se realizómediante el método de velocidades iniciales y el diseño estadístico que se empleófue completamente al azar, no obstante, los datos se analizaron mediante la aplicaciónde los modelos lineales generales (GLM y de la prueba de duncan. Resultados:se evidencia que las enzimas presentaron diferencias (P < 0,01 durante los periodosposdestete. En el día cinco se observaron cambios negativos en todas las enzimas encomparación con su estado durante el primer día posdestete; sin embargo, entre el díauno y diez posdestete se presentaron diferencias entre APN, DPP-IV y LPH (P < 0,01.Además, se encontró que la sección proximal (duodeno presentó las mayores actividadesenzimáticas (P < 0,01. Conclusiones: el destete temprano disminuye la actividadenzimática a nivel intestinal, provocando la subutilización de los nutrientes de la dietay, por ende, alta incidencia de diarreas durante esta etapa.

  15. Tratamento da giardiase com tinidazol

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    Miroslau Constante Baranski

    1975-02-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se a eficácia terapêutica do tinidazol, um novo derivado nitroimidazólico, em trinta pacientes com giardiase. A posologia diária foi de 300 mg em 20 pacientes com idade superior a 10 anos, e de 150 mg em 10 crianças com idade inferior a 10 anos. O tratamento teve a duração de cinco dias. O diagnóstico e os controles de cura parasitológicos foram feitos pelos métodos de Hoffman, Pons & Janer e de Faust e cols. Foram realizados três controles, com intervalos de sete dias, iniciando-se na semana subsequente ao término do tratamento. Obtiveram cura parasitológica em 96,6% dos casos. Ressaltam a excelente tolerância da droga, mesmo em pacientes com grave doença fundamental ou em crianças, não se registrando efeitos colaterais. Concluem ser o tinidazol excelente droga giardicida.

  16. Asma e Gravidez: Tratamento Hospitalar

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    Mauad Filho Francisco

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: avaliar as complicações perinatais decorrentes da associação de asma e gravidez em pacientes que necessitaram hospitalização para controle da crise asmática. Método: análise retrospectiva de 12 casos de asma e gravidez que necessitaram de internação hospitalar e foram assistidos no Departamento de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, no período compreendido entre 1992 e 1996. Os parâmetros analisados foram: idade materna, acompanhamento pré-natal, tempo de permanência hospitalar, tratamento instituído, intercorrências gravídicas, idade gestacional ao parto, tipo de parto, peso ao nascer e índice de Apgar. Resultados: das 12 gestantes asmáticas, 7 não haviam iniciado o seguimento pré-natal antes da internação para o tratamento da crise asmática. Três pacientes apresentaram doença hipertensiva específica da gravidez, sendo um dos casos associado a rotura prematura de membranas e corioamnionite e outro associado a descolamento prematuro de placenta. Foram diagnosticados 2 casos de insuficiência placentária, um deles associado a trabalho de parto prematuro e transfusão feto-fetal em gestação gemelar e outro associado a oligoâmnio. Foi detectado 1 caso de oligoâmnio associado a pneumonia materna e óbito fetal e também 1 caso de polidrâmnio. Além disso, ocorreram 2 casos de parto prematuro e 3 recém-nascidos foram considerados pequenos para a idade gestacional. Conclusões: a prevenção das complicações da asma na gravidez deve ser instituída antes mesmo da concepção, enfatizando-se os aspectos educativos da paciente em relação à doença e afastando-se quando possível os fatores desencadeantes das crises, como os alergênios ambientais e o tabagismo. O tratamento deve ser instituído precocemente e a paciente deve ser acompanhada em conjunto pelo obstetra e pelo pneumologista.

  17. Oil protection action &apos;&apos;Green Aalesund&apos;&apos;; Oljevernaksjonen &apos;&apos;Green Aalesund&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This report describes the actions taken after the refrigerator ship &apos;&apos;Green Aalesund&apos;&apos; ran aground north of Haugesund, Norway, on December 12, 2000. The report was worked out by the National State Pollution Control Authority (SFT). It is based on logs and other written documentation. The clean-up was carried out competently and successfully and the environmental damage was small.

  18. Evaluación de Varios Insecticidas para el Control del Cephaloleiaspcerca avagelineataPic, Plaga de la Palma Africana

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    Urueta Sandino Eduardo

    1974-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen. Se efectuaron varios ensayos para determinar el efecto de carbofuran 1.0, 1.5 y 2. 0 kg I. A./ha; carbaril 1.5 y 2. 0 kg I. A. /ha; lindano 1.0 y 1.5 kg I. A. /ha; diazinon 0.5 lt I. A./ha; dicrotofos 0. 5 lt I. A. /ha; fosfamidon 0.6 lt. I. A/ha; y fention 0.5 lt I. A./ha, sobre adultos y larvas de Cephaloleiasp. cerca avagelineataPic., una plaga de la palma africana en Colombia. Todos los insecticidas fueron efectivos para controlar larvas de Cephaloleiasp. en cogollos, hasta por periodos de más de 30 días. El carbofuran 2.0 kg I. A./ha carbaril 2.0 kg l . A./ha y lindano 1. 5 kg I.A. /hafueron los productos más eficientes para controlar adultos de Cephaloleia. sp. protegiendo por 15 días las hojas más jóvenes. Dicrotofos 0.5 lt I. A./ha; diazinon0.5 lt l. A./ha; fention 0.5 itI. A./ha y fosfamidon 0.6 lt I. A/ha, aparentemente no fueron efectivos para controlar las formas adultas de Cephaloleiasp. Ninguno de los insecticidas fue fitotóxico para la palma africana. /Abstract. Several tests were carried out to determine the effectiveness of carbofuran 1. 0, 1.5 and 2.0 kg A.I./ha; carbaryl 1.5, 2.0 kg. A.I./ha; lindane 1.0, 1.5 kg. A.I./ha; phosphamidon 0.6 lt. A.I./ha; fenthion 0.5 lt. A.I./ha; dicrotophos 0.5 lt. A.I /ha; diazinon 0.5 lt. A.I./ha on larvae and adults of Cephaloleia. sp. near vagelineata Pic a Chrysomelidae that affects young oil palm (Elaeisguineensis leaves in Colombia. All of these insecticides controlled well Cepbaloleia sp. larvae for periods over a month. carbofuran 2 kg. A.I./ha; carbaryl 2kg. A.I./ha and lindane 1.5 kg. A. I./ha gave the best control of Cephaloleia. sp. adults, protecting young oil palm leaves up to 15 days. Dicrotophos 0.5 lts. A.I./ha; fenthion 0.5 lt. A. I./ha; phosphamidon 0.6 lt. A.I./ha; diazinon 0.5 lt. A.I./ha; apparently were not effective to control adults of Cephaloleia sp. None of the insecticides tested showed to be phytotoxic to the oil palm.

  19. Tratamento da giardiase com tinidazol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslau Constante Baranski

    1975-02-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se a eficácia terapêutica do tinidazol, um novo derivado nitroimidazólico, em trinta pacientes com giardiase. A posologia diária foi de 300 mg em 20 pacientes com idade superior a 10 anos, e de 150 mg em 10 crianças com idade inferior a 10 anos. O tratamento teve a duração de cinco dias. O diagnóstico e os controles de cura parasitológicos foram feitos pelos métodos de Hoffman, Pons & Janer e de Faust e cols. Foram realizados três controles, com intervalos de sete dias, iniciando-se na semana subsequente ao término do tratamento. Obtiveram cura parasitológica em 96,6% dos casos. Ressaltam a excelente tolerância da droga, mesmo em pacientes com grave doença fundamental ou em crianças, não se registrando efeitos colaterais. Concluem ser o tinidazol excelente droga giardicida.The Autors study the therapeutic efficacy of Tinidazole, a new nitrimidazole derivative, in the treatment of thirty patients with giardiasis. They employed the daily dosage of 300 mg for twenty patients and 150 mg for ten children, respectively with ten years of age or and less during five consecutive days. The diagnosis and the parasitological evaluation of the results of treatment were accomplished by stool examinations using zinc sulphate centrifugal-flotation technique of Faust et al. and sedimentatian-concentration technique of Hoffman, Pons and Janer. The control started one week after the treatment and consisted of three stool examinations, at one week intervals. The Authors achieved 96.6 per cent of parasitological cures. They stressed the excellent tolerance of the drug ,even by patients with serious fundamental diseases or by children. No side effects were registered. They conclude that Tinidazole is an excellent drug against Giardia lamblia infections.

  20. Tegretol no tratamento da epilepsia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Armbrust-Figueiredo

    1968-09-01

    Full Text Available O Tegretol (5-carbamil-5H-dibenzo-b,L-azepina foi usado no tratamento de 68 pacientes com epilepsia; 54 apresentavam epilepsia temporal (42 com crises psicomotoras e 12 com crises complexas, 11 epilepsia focal de projeção não temporal e 3 epilepsia centrencefálica com crises P.M. Resultados satisfatórios foram observados em 82% dos 65 pacientes com epilepsia focal; os 3 pacientes com crises P.M. não foram influenciados pelo tratamento. A ação sobre as manifestações psíquicas que acompanhavam o quadro crítico ou intercrítico das crises ficou bem evidenciada. Os pacientes melhoraram de seus sintomas na grande maioria dos casos, conseguindo adaptar-se melhor no ambiente familiar, profissional e escolar. O efeito sobre as alterações eletrencefalográficas é moderado, e a evolução clínica não acompanha as modificações dos traçados. As doses usadas, em geral de 400 a 600 mg diários, são suficientes para o controle das crises na maioria dos casos e estão muito abaixo dos limites considerados como de segurança. As reações secundárias foram observadas em pequeno número de casos e foram sempre transitórias. O Tegretol representa, em nossa opinião, recurso de valor no trataemnto das epilepsias focais, particularmente nas crises psicomotoras.

  1. The strategic &apos;'pull'&apos; and operational &apos;'push'&apos; of total quality management in UK regional electricity service companies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McAdam, R.; McLean, J.; Henderson, J.

    2003-04-30

    The aim of this paper is to evaluate whether the UK regional electricity companies (RECs) has used total quality management (TQM) as a &apos;'push'&apos; or as a &apos;'pull'&apos; change methodology. &apos;'Push'&apos; is the operational improvement role of TQM; &apos;'pull'&apos; is the strategic or direction giving, improvement role of TQM. Following the onset of privatisation in 1990 there has been evidence of the RECs adopting TQM in both &apos;'push'&apos; and &apos;'pull'&apos; methodologies with varying degrees of success. An evaluation of the change processes involved will enable improved change models to be developed leading to increased business effectiveness in this 30 billion pounds sterling industry. Other possible benefits include the possible generalisations to other utilities such as water, roads, gas and telecoms. The research methodology includes a comparative case study analysis of five RECs, which have used TQM as their overarching approach to change. One of the cases is analysed to a more in-depth level based on the multiple case findings. The findings indicate that the &apos;'push-pull'&apos; analysis enables the full range of TQM activities to be evaluated in the RECs studied. Overall, there is a need to have a balanced portfolio of operational or &apos;'push'&apos;-based TQM activity that is driven by strategic or &apos;'pull'&apos; based TQM planning and activity. (author)

  2. Consistent comparison of angle Kappa adjustment between Oculyzer and Topolyzer Vario topography guided LASIK for myopia by EX500 excimer laser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ming-Shen; Zhang, Li; Guo, Ning; Song, Yan-Zheng; Zhang, Feng-Ju

    2018-01-01

    To evaluate and compare the uniformity of angle Kappa adjustment between Oculyzer and Topolyzer Vario topography guided ablation of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) by EX500 excimer laser for myopia. Totally 145 cases (290 consecutive eyes )with myopia received LASIK with a target of emmetropia. The ablation for 86 cases (172 eyes) was guided manually based on Oculyzer topography (study group), while the ablation for 59 cases (118 eyes) was guided automatically by Topolyzer Vario topography (control group). Measurement of adjustment values included data respectively in horizontal and vertical direction of cornea. Horizontally, synclastic adjustment between manually actual values (dx manu ) and Oculyzer topography guided data (dx ocu ) accounts 35.5% in study group, with mean dx manu /dx ocu of 0.78±0.48; while in control group, synclastic adjustment between automatically actual values (dx auto ) and Oculyzer topography data (dx ocu ) accounts 54.2%, with mean dx auto /dx ocu of 0.79±0.66. Vertically, synclastic adjustment between dy manu and dy ocu accounts 55.2% in study group, with mean dy manu /dy ocu of 0.61±0.42; while in control group, synclastic adjustment between dy auto and dy ocu accounts 66.1%, with mean dy auto /dy ocu of 0.66±0.65. There was no statistically significant difference in ratio of actual values/Oculyzer topography guided data in horizontal and vertical direction between two groups ( P =0.951, 0.621). There is high consistency in angle Kappa adjustment guided manually by Oculyzer and guided automatically by Topolyzer Vario topography during corneal refractive surgery by WaveLight EX500 excimer laser.

  3. Análisis de contenido e indexación de 1.600 resúmenes de los trabajos en varios Congreso Europeo de Medicina Familiar.

    OpenAIRE

    Jamoulle, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Análisis de contenido e indexación de 1.600 resúmenes de los trabajos en varios Congreso Europeo de Medicina Familiar Marc Jamoulle, Department of General Practice, Liege University, Belgium La comunicación en congresos de medicina de familia es un trabajo importante. La indexación de estas comunicaciones es un problema no resuelto. Manejar el conocimiento acumulado es un reto para la profesión de médico de familia. Análisis de la presentación de resúmenes para Wonca Europe 2007...

  4. High energy X-ray laboratory &apos;'HEXYLab'&apos;. The new facility &apos;'HEXYTech'&apos;; Hochenergie-Roentgen-Labor &apos;'HEXYLab'&apos;. Die neue Anlage &apos;'HEXYTech'&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Redmer, Bernhard; Hohendorf, Stefan; Kolkoori, Sanjeevareddy; Wrobel, Norma; Ewert, Uwe [BAM Bundesanstalt fuer Materialforschung und -pruefung, Berlin (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    High-energy radiography is used traditionally for the detection of defects in the thick-walled, bulky components. It is also used for testing the integrity of components for civil and security related applications (containers). The combination of high-energy emitters with digital detector arrays or line cameras allows test procedures in a shorter time compared to film or higher contrast sensitivity. The high-energy X-ray laboratory HEXYLab BAM is a joint laboratory in which future users, manufacturers and scientists can initiate and develop joint development projects. The new universal manipulation system HEXYTech forms the engineering and technical base for the most diverse requirements in HEXYLab (High Energy X-raY Lab.). With a total of 13 rotary and linear axes the diverse trajectories for tube, object and detector can be programmed. So large objects with complex geometries can be examined. 2D and 3D images can be measured by simple radiography, and laminography and computed tomography. The general rules for the application of high energy radiography with digital detectors (imaging plates, Digital detector arrays) were determined within the framework of the European project &apos;'HEDRad'&apos; (High Energy Digital Radiography) and included in the standard DIN EN ISO 17636-2. This article gives an overview of the testing technology and presents the possible applications on the basis of images and experiments. (PowerPoint slides). [German] Hochenergie-Radiographie wird traditionell fuer die Detektion von Defekten in dickwandigen, sperrigen Komponenten angewendet. Sie wird auch genutzt fuer die Pruefung der Komponentenintegritaet bei zivilen und sicherheitsrelevanten Anwendungen (Container). Die Kombination von Hochenergie- Strahlern mit digitalen Detektorarrays oder Zeilenkameras ermoeglicht die Pruefungsdurchfuehrung in kuerzerer Zeit im Vergleich zum Film oder mit hoeherer Kontrastempfindlichkeit. Das Hochenergie-Roentgen-Labor &apos;'HEXYLab'&apos

  5. O psicanalista no tratamento da dor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Pinto Minatti

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A dor se manifesta como mal-estar do corpo e no corpo, e tende a ser encaminhada para tratamento médico. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar a queixa dolorosa do ponto de vista do tratamento psicanalítico, retomando algumas acepções relacionadas ao tratamento da dor, encontradas na obra de Freud. Partimos da experiência no trabalho em hospital pediátrico, utilizando a análise do atendimento de pacientes com queixas de dor para definir e situar a dor no campo da psicanálise, e distingui-la do campo da medicina. No texto, pode-se acompanhar a dor como signo de sofrimento e diversas formas de abordá-la tanto pelo sujeito que a porta quanto pelas instituições que propõem seu cuidado.

  6. Characterization and behavior in the environment of the crude oil &apos;'Prestige'&apos;; Caracterisation et comportement dans l&apos;environnement du fioul &apos;'Prestige'&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-03-01

    This study presents analysis realized on the crude oil of the tanker &apos;'Prestige'&apos; which sunk the 19 november 2002. The specifications on the product and its behavior in sea water are detailed. All the analysis are compared to the &apos;'Erika'&apos; crude oil. (A.L.B.)

  7. Factores asociados al empleo de varios antibióticos en pacientes clínicos Factors related to the use of several antibiotics in clinical patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioanna Mir Narbona

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: identificar factores asociados con el empleo de varios antibióticos en pacientes clínicos. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de casos y controles en pacientes con infección, egresados de los servicios clínicos en el Hospital Docente Clínicoquirúrgico "Joaquín Albarrán" entre mayo de 2008 y diciembre de 2011. Se consideró caso al paciente que utilizó tres o más antibióticos. Se obtuvo la siguiente información: edad, sexo, antecedentes patológicos personales, tiempo de inicio de los síntomas sugestivos de un proceso infeccioso, uso previo de antibióticos, signos vitales y estado de conciencia al ingreso, resultados de estudios hematológicos y de química sanguínea, estudios radiográficos de tórax, diagnóstico de infección nosocomial y uso inadecuado de antimicrobianos. Se compararon las frecuencias mediante las pruebas de homogeneidad y prueba exacta de Fisher, pruebas t y de Wilcoxon. Se empleó la regresión logística para la identificación de los factores de riesgo. Resultados: Se estudiaron 92 casos y 184 controles. El riesgo de empleo de varios antibióticos se incrementó 2,68 veces por cada grado centígrado que se encontró elevada la temperatura del paciente (OR= 2,68; IC 95 % 1,21-5,94, 7 veces si existió alteración del nivel de conciencia (OR= 7,32; IC 95 % 1,88-28,55, 3,88 veces si se diagnosticó infección nosocomial y 9,98 veces si se consideró inadecuado el uso de antimicrobianos. Conclusiones: Los factores de riesgo para el uso de varios antibióticos identificados pueden contribuir a elaborar estrategias de control de la calidad de prescripción de antimicrobianos.Objective: to identify the factors associated to the use of several antibiotics in clinical patients. Methods: a case-control study of patients with infection, who were discharged from the clinical services at "Joaquín Albarrán" hospital from May, 2008 to December 2011. The patient who used three or more antibiotics was considered

  8. Development and deployment of a novel &apos;'yellow'&apos; demulsifier for the gullfaks &apos;'A'&apos; platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jackson, S.J.; Ingebrigtsen, T.; Breen, P.J.; Waage, J.; Thorstenson, T.; Melby, S.

    2006-03-15

    Oil producers are increasingly under pressure to produce their product in an environmentally sound manner. Releases to the environment are undesirable and, where permitted to make such releases, oil producers should minimise their environmental impact. The bulk of treatment chemicals designed to improve separation and provide clean water for disposal can themselves be harmful to the environment and must conform to very stringent rules to be considered environmentally acceptable, or &apos;'green'&apos;. Here we present data on the development of a green demulsifier for Statoil&apos;s Gullfaks &apos;'A'&apos; platform, which not only meets the very stringent regulations but also exhibits a significant improvement in product performance. While the&apos;&apos;bottle test&apos;&apos; remains the industry standard method for selecting demulsifiers, in recent years the &apos;&apos;mini trial&apos;&apos; method for product selection has gained favour. We describe using a combination of both methods for the development of the novel demulsifier technology described here. (Author) (tk)

  9. The &apos;'invisible'&apos; radioactive scale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bjoernstad, T.; Ramsoey, T

    1999-04-01

    Production and up-concentration of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) in the petroleum industry has attracted steadily increasing attention during the last 15 years. Most production engineers today associate this radioactivity with precipitates (scales) and sludges in production tubing, pumps, valves, separators, settling tanks etc., wherever water is being transported or treated. {sup 226}Ra and {sup 228}Ra are the most well known radioactive constituents in scale. Surprisingly little known is the radioactive contamination by {sup 210}Pb and progeny {sup 210}Bi and {sup 210}Po. These are found in combination with {sup 226}Ra in ordinary scale, often in layer of non-radioactive metallic lead in water transportation systems, but also in pure gas and condensate handling systems &apos;'unsupported'&apos; by {sup 226}Ra, but due to transportation and decay of the noble gas {sup 222}Rn in NG/LNG. This latter contamination may be rather thin, in some cases virtually invisible. When, in addition, the radiation energies are low enough for not being detectable on the equipment outer surface, its existence has for most people in the industry been a secret. The report discusses transportation and deposition mechanisms, detection methods and provides some examples of measured results from the North Sea on equipment sent for maintenance. It is concluded that a regular measurement program for this type of contamination should be mandatory under all dismantling processes of transportation and fluid handling equipment for fluids and gases offshore and onshore.

  10. Meta-análisis de la definición del uso racional de energía en varios países

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Nova Arévalo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se realiza una comparación estadística de la definición emitida por varios países sobre el concepto de Uso Racional de la Energía – URE -, usando análisis textual como método de descomposición semántica de los conceptos. Se calculan los coeficientes de correlación de Pearson y se construyen los círculos de correlación aplicando análisis de componentes principales. Como resultado se encuentran amplias diferencias entre las definiciones de los países latinos y la Unión Europea; la definición declarada por Colombia solo es similar a la de México. Se concluye que una de las razones por la cuales el Protocolo de Kioto no ha sido efectivo, es que existen definiciones divergentes del concepto de URE, lo cual modifica el horizonte de planeación de cada país. Acciones conjuntas como las de la Comunidad Europea dejan entrever la eficacia de las estrategias cuando existe unidad desde la concepción hasta la ejecución.

  11. Efeito da eutonia no tratamento da fibromialgia

    OpenAIRE

    Maeda,Cecília; Martinez,José Eduardo; Neder,Matilde

    2006-01-01

    OBJETIVO: avaliar a eutonia como método terapêutico auxiliar no tratamento da fibromialgia (FM). MÉTODOS: estudou-se um grupo de 20 mulheres, segundo os critérios do American College of Rheumatology (ACR), com duração mínima de seis meses, sem alterações no tratamento medicamentoso ou prescrição de exercícios nesse período. As pacientes foram avaliadas através do questionário de dados sociodemográficos; Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) para dor e questionário genérico de avaliação da qualidade d...

  12. Tratamento da pneumonia adquirida na comunidade (PAC)

    OpenAIRE

    Celso Nakagawa

    2007-01-01

    TRATAMENTO ESPECÍFICO PARA AGENTES ETIOLÓGICOS DA PAC Streptococcus pneumoniae - Sensível: Amoxicilina, cefalosporina ou macrolídeo. - Resistência intermediária: Amoxicilina 500 mg, 3x/dia ou cefuroxima 500 mg, 2x/dia. - Altamente resistente: Cefotaxima 1 gIV a cada 8 horas, cefotriaxona 1 g IV a cada 24 horas, Penecilina G 2 milhões a cada 4 horas ou fluoroquinolona respiratória.

  13. Custo comparativo do tratamento de feridas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eline Lima Borges

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo compara o custo do curativo tradicional e o do preconizado pelo protocolo do setor de Estomaterapia do HC/UFMG no tratamento de diversos tipos de feridas. Ao final do trabalho, foi possível concluir que o custo do último é inferior ao do primeiro e que a freqüência na troca do curativo tradicional constitui fator de maior significância na elevação de seu custo.

  14. Resultados do tratamento da pancreatite aguda grave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franz Robert Apodaca-Torrez

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados do Protocolo de Atendimento de pacientes com diagnóstico de pancreatite aguda grave. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados, consecutivamente, a partir de janeiro de 2002, idade, sexo, etiologia, tempo de internação, tipo de tratamento e mortalidade de 37 pacientes portadores de pancreatite aguda grave. RESULTADOS: A idade dos pacientes variou de 20 a 88 anos (média de 50 anos; 27% foram do sexo feminino e 73% do masculino. O tempo médio global de internação foi 47 dias. Treze pacientes foram tratados cirurgicamente; a média de operações realizadas foi duas por paciente. Ocorreram seis óbitos dentre os pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico (46% e dois óbitos no grupo submetido somente ao tratamento clínico (8,3%. A mortalidade global foi 21% CONCLUSÃO: Após a modificação na forma de abordagem dos pacientes com pancreatite aguda grave, houve diminuição da mortalidade e uma tendência para a conduta expectante.

  15. Microbiological, physicochemical and sensory evaluation of cabbage and carrot minimally processed salad after radiation treatment intended to immunocompromised patients or with special diets; Avaliacao microbiologica, fisico-quimica e sensorial de salada de repolho com cenoura minimamente processada apos o tratamento por radiacao gama destinado a pacientes imunocomprometidos ou com dietas especiais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunes, Thaise Cristine Fernandes

    2015-09-01

    During and after the treatment of cancer, people with HIV or transplants, the food intake can offer a well-being to the patient, because the action of eating right helps people to feel strong. Healthy people have their immune system working properly and can tolerate small amounts of bacteria. However, immunocompromised persons may not be able to and however immunocompromised people cannot fight this small amount of microorganisms and require a diet with very low microbiological count to avoid contact with potentially harmful bacteria. This is called neutropenic diet. These patients are susceptible to food contamination, so that it&apos;s not advisable the ingestion of raw products. The vegetable irradiation with low doses has the purpose of reducing the microbial load. The aim of this study was to obtain data on microbiological, sensorial e physicochemical aspects in minimally processed &apos;Primavera&apos; salad irradiated with different doses of gamma radiation designed to immunocompromised patients. It were used doses of 1.0kGy, 2.0kGy, 3.0kGy and 4.0kGy irradiated in the Multipurpose Irradiator {sup 60}Co located in Radiation Technology Center. Microbiological analyzes were performed (n=25) using Petrifilm, sensory analysis using the sensory acceptance test (n=30) and triangular (n=15) and texture analysis (n=90) in the Food Microbiology Laboratory located at the Radiation Technology Center. The texture analysis was performed with the aid of a texturometer equipped with 5 kg load cell using a triangular cutting Warner-Bratzler Knife blade probe with the descent speed of 2mm/sec. All results were expressed in Newtons (N). The results showed that for microbiological analyzes the standards were followed according to the RDC 12/01 ANVISA. For the sensory test of acceptation no difference was found among the samples, however in the triangular test could be found slight differences between samples irradiated with 4.0kGy and control and there was significant

  16. Magnetic nanoparticles for cancer therapy; Nanoparticulas magneticas para o tratamento do cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bakuzis, Andris F. [Universidade Federal de Goias (UFG), Goiania, GO (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica

    2014-07-01

    Full text: Magnetic nanoparticles have been used in several biomedical applications, spanning from cell separation, early diagnosis of metastasis to even the treatment of cancer via magnetic hyperthermia (MH). This last technique consists in the increase of temperature of nanoparticles when their magnetic moments interact with a magnetic alternating field. This effect has been suggested as an innovative therapy to cancer treatment, due to the delivery of heat or therapeutic agents, such as drugs, genes, and others. In addition, several clinical studies has demonstrated synergetic effects between hyperthermia and radiotherapy [1]. This indicates a great therapeutic potential for this noninvasive and targeted technique. In this talk we will discuss results from the literature and from our own group in the treatment of cancer via magnetic hyperthermia. Several types of magnetic nanoparticles suggested for this application will be discussed, as well as the historical evolution of this procedure, which although suggested in the late 50&apos; only recently was approved in Europe for treatment of humans with brain tumors. (author) [Portuguese] Full text: Nanoparticulas magneticas tem sido utilizadas em diversas aplicacoes biomedicas, desde a separacao de celulas, marcacao de celulas-tronco, diagnostico precoce de metastases ao tratamento do cancer via hipertermia magnetica (HM). Esta ultima tecnica consiste no aumento da temperatura de nanoparticulas quando seus momentos magneticos interagem de forma adequada com um campo magnetico alternado. Este efeito tem sido idealizado como uma nova terapia para o tratamento do cancro, seja via entrega seletiva de calor ou mesmo pela liberacao de farmacos, genes ou outros agentes terapeuticos por meio desta acao externa. Adicionalmente, diversos estudos clinicos tem demonstrado efeitos sinergicos entre a hipertermia e tecnicas tradicionais de tratamento oncologico, como quimioterapia e radioterapia. Isto indica um forte potencial

  17. ApoE polymorphisms in narcolepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasten Meike

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Summary Background Narcolepsy is a common neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by increased daytime sleepiness, cataplexy and hypnagogic hallucinations. Deficiency of the hypocretin neurotransmitter system was shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of narcolepsy in animals and men. There are several hints that neurodegeneration of hypocretin producing neurons in the hypothalamus is the pathological correlate of narcolepsy. The ApoE4 allele is a major contributing factor to early-onset neuronal degeneration in Alzheimer disease and other neurodegenerative diseases as well. Methods To clarify whether the ApoE4 phenotype predisposes to narcolepsy or associates with an earlier disease onset, we have genotyped the ApoE gene in 103 patients with narcolepsy and 101 healthy controls. Results The frequency of the E4 allele of the ApoE gene was 11% in the patient and 15% in the control groups. Furthermore, the mean age of onset did not differ between the ApoE4+ and ApoE4- patient groups. Conclusion Our results exclude the ApoE4 allele as a major risk factor for narcolepsy.

  18. PRONOSTICANDO EL ÍNDICE ENSO VARIOS PASOS EN ADELANTE MEDIANTE TÉCNICAS DE MODELAMIENTO NO LINEAL FORECASTING ENSO SEVERAL STEPS AHEAD THROUGH NONLINEAR MODELING TECHNIQUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Salini Calderón

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Se indica cómo manejar una gran base de datos consistente de series temporales no lineales, aplicando distintas técnicas de modelamiento no lineal a estas series. Aunque no existen guías explícitas de manipulación de series temporales no lineales en la profusa bibliografía actual, existen diferentes enfoques que pueden ser tomados en cuenta. Para ello se estudió una base de datos mensual correspondiente a datos del Fenómeno del Niño (ENSO, entre los años 1866 y 2006. Se explica cómo debe manipularse esta base de datos que poseen características de no linealidad, la cual será usada para hacer pronósticos varios pasos en adelante. Se aplicaron dos test estándar: Información Mutua Promedio (AMI y Falsos Vecinos más Cercanos (FNN. Se obtuvo el espaciamiento óptimo de los datos, así como el número de datos hacia atrás necesarios para pronosticar valores hacia el futuro. Luego, se diseñaron varios modelos de redes neuronales artificiales (RNA, con diferentes reglas de aprendizajes, funciones de transferencia, elementos de procesamiento (o neuronas en la capa escondida, etc., que permitieron hacer pronóstico de hasta 20 pasos en adelante. Las mejores redes correspondieron a aquellas que poseían como regla de aprendizaje la Regla Delta y la Regla Extendida, con función de transferencia sigmoide y tangente hiperbólica. El tipo de RNA usada fue una de multicapas alimentada hacia adelante y entrenada mediante la técnica de propagación hacia atrás. Se probaron redes con una, dos capas ocultas y sin ninguna capa. El mejor modelo que se obtuvo resultó ser uno consistente de una capa oculta.We indicate how to handle a large database consisting of nonlinear time series, applying different nonlinear modelling techniques to this kind of times series. Nowadays in the current references there is no explicit guide of how to manipulate data from nonlinear time series; however, there are approaches that can be taken account. To this end

  19. Switzerland as Europe&apos;s &apos;'battery'&apos;. Wishful dream or reality?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kammer, Adrian; Zurmuehle, Damian; Salzmann, Michael; Baumgartner, Raphael; Mignone, Domenico

    2015-01-01

    There are plans for Swiss pumped hydrostorage systems to absorb large quantities of excess electricity from European wind and solar power generation. Model-based analyses have shown however that &apos;'Europe&apos;s battery&apos;&apos;, as Switzerland would like to see itself, will not be needed until the middle of this century. Even if all extension projects currently in progress should be completed, Switzerland will not have sufficient pump capacity or import capacity to absorb large amounts of excess electricity. Furthermore, the primary means of making storage capacity available for import electricity would be to reduce reservoir power plant capacity. In view of all this Switzerland&apos;s hopes for a role as a major European electricity storage provider appear somewhat exaggerated even in the long-term perspective.

  20. Korea&apos;s 1-watt plan &apos;&apos;Standby Korea 2010&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yungrae

    2010-09-15

    Korea announced standby power of all electronics shall be reduced to below 1W by 2010. Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE, Korean government) and Korea Energy Management Corporation (KEMCO) established &apos;&apos;Standby Korea 2010&apos;&apos; which is a roadmap to limit standby power below 1W by 2010. Korea implemented mandatory program over a relatively short period of time, incorporating the better elements from the more established national program and adding new initiatives, such as the threat of using mandatory warning label for products that fail to meet standby power targets.

  1. Obesidade infantil: uma proposta de tratamento comportamental

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Maria Tereza Monteiro da

    2012-01-01

    O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi avaliar um programa de economia de fichas para modificar o comportamento de crianças obesas. Participaram do estudo dois jovens do sexo masculino com idades de 10 e 11 anos uma adolescente com 15 anos, todos apresentavam peso excessivo para a idade e freqüentavam uma ONG voltada para o tratamento da obesidade infantil e suas mães. A pesquisadora emprestou uma filmadora para os participantes e solicitou que P1 filmasse o almoço e o jantar cinc...

  2. The concept &apos;'environment'&apos; in exergy analysis. Some special cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serova, E.N.; Brodianski, V.M. [Technical University, Moscow (Russian Federation). Moscow Power Engineering Institute

    2002-12-01

    The concept &apos;'environment'&apos; is of considerable importance in present-day engineering thermodynamics. Introduction of this concept in operation brings not only simplification of the methods of solving classical thermodynamic problems, but also gives the exergy method which forms the major new part of thermodynamics, including some parts of biology, economics and other fields of science. But practice shows that it is necessary to define the concept &apos;'environment'&apos; more precisely in some cases. (author)

  3. &apos;'SMART'&apos; MULTIFUNCTIONAL POLYMERS FOR ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charles McCormick; Andrew Lowe

    2004-10-20

    Herein we report the aqueous polymerization of acrylamide using reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization to perform a comprehensive study on the polymerization of acrylamide. More specifically, the effect of polymerization conditions on the polymerization kinetics, molecular weight control, and blocking ability were examined. With this in mind, it was necessary to prepare &apos;'A'&apos; block (corona of the micelle) from a hydrophilic monomer. The responsive &apos;'B'&apos; block present in the core will be disclosed in the next two reports.

  4. CONTINUIDADES E DESCONTINUIDADES DO TRATAMENTO MORAL EM MODELOS DE TRATAMENTO PARA TOXICÕMANOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taís Bleicher

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ao analisar aspectos do evoluir do tratamento médico voltado à loucura na França, com ênfase na inovação pineliana do século XIX, o tratamento moral, e os modelos que surgiram em oposição ou em continuidade com este (as Colônias Agrícolas, que se opunham ao ambiente dos hospitais eas comunidades terapêuticas, com fins de ressocialização, objetiva-se perceber em quê estes modelos, anteriormente aplicado aos loucos, estão presentes nos atuais tratamentos para toxicômanos, tanto em Fazendas de Recuperação, como em grupos de ajudaque seguem a Filosofia dos Doze Passos e que não adotam o sistema de internação. A partir da teoria psicanalítica(com ênfase nos conceitos de narcisismo, narcisismo secundário, ideal de eu e pulsãoquestionaremos estas formas de tratamento (especialmente no que diz respeito ao recurso à religião, a infantilização dos pacientes, o julgamento perpétuo, o lugar dado aos relacionamentos, em nomede uma possibilidade de existência criativa e autônoma por parte do toxicômano.

  5. &apos;&apos;When Cost Measures Contradict&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montgomery, W. D.; Smith, A. E.; Biggar, S. L.; Bernstein, P. M.

    2003-05-09

    When regulators put forward new economic or regulatory policies, there is a need to compare the costs and benefits of these new policies to existing policies and other alternatives to determine which policy is most cost-effective. For command and control policies, it is quite difficult to compute costs, but for more market-based policies, economists have had a great deal of success employing general equilibrium models to assess a policy&apos;s costs. Not all cost measures, however, arrive at the same ranking. Furthermore, cost measures can produce contradictory results for a specific policy. These problems make it difficult for a policy-maker to determine the best policy. For a cost measures to be of value, one would like to be confident of two things. First one wants to be sure whether the policy is a winner or loser. Second, one wants to be confident that a measure produces the correct policy ranking. That is, one wants to have confidence in a policy measure&apos;s ability to correctly rank policies from most beneficial to most harmful. This paper analyzes empirically these two properties of different costs measures as they pertain to assessing the costs of the carbon abatement policies, especially the Kyoto Protocol, under alternative assumptions about implementation.

  6. About the &apos;&apos;end of the cheap petroleum&apos;&apos;; A propos de la &apos;&apos;fin du petrole bon marche&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This paper analyses the catastrophic scenario presented by two geologists on the end of a cheap petroleum in the next ten years (paper presented in the french magazine &apos;&apos;Pour la Science&apos;&apos; in may 1998). The authors analysis is more moderate and bring the attention on other arguments as the geo-political and environmental aspects of the problems. (A.L.B.)

  7. &apos;&apos;Spinolaminar breach&apos;&apos;: an important sign in cervical spinous process fractures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matar, L.D.; Helms, C.A. [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Dept. of Radiology; Richardson, W.J. [Div. of Orthopedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

    2000-02-01

    Objective. To report the sign of &apos;&apos;spinolaminar breach&apos;&apos; and its likely importance in fractures of the cervical spinous processes.Design. Six cases of spinous process fractures demonstrating disruption of the spinolaminar line or &apos;&apos;spinolaminar breach&apos;&apos; were analyzed. Lateral and anteroposterior radiographs (n=6), CT scans (n=3) and MRI scans (n=1) were reviewed together by the authors, with consensus being reached as to the radiographic findings. Clinical records were also reviewed.Results. The levels of injury were C6 (n=5) and C5 (n=2). Injuries were associated with delayed anterior subluxation (n=4) and neurological deficit (n=2). Five patients were male and one was female with a mean age of 31 years (range 8-59 years). Injuries resulted from motor vehicle accidents (n=4), a motor cycle accident (n=1) and a fall (n=1).Conclusion. &apos;&apos;Spinolaminar breach&apos;&apos;, or disruption of the spinolaminar line, indicates a complex spinous process fracture with extension into the lamina and spinal canal. Spinous process fractures with spinolaminar breach may have associated posterior ligamentous injury with potential for delayed instability and neurological deficit. It is important that radiologists and physicians caring for the trauma patient be aware of this sign in order to avoid misdiagnosis as a &apos;&apos;clay shoveler&apos;s fracture&apos;&apos;, which can lead to adverse outcome. (orig.)

  8. Variación estacional de lípidos en varios tejidos del cambute Strombus gigas (Mesogastropoda: Strombidae, en Quintana Roo, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Brito Manzano

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Se determinó la variación mensual de lípidos en varios tejidos del cambute Strombus gigas (L., en Banco Chinchorro, Quintana Roo, México durante un año. La longitud de la heliconcha fue 209 ± 1 mm, la del cuerpo 137 ± 1 mm, la de la espira 100 ± 1 mm y el peso húmedo total 1 826 ± 7 g. La media del contenido de lípidos en la gónada-glándula digestiva fue 4.27 g% (machos 4.01 g% y hembras 4.50 g%. El contenido de lípidos en gónada-glándula digestiva mostró diferencias sexuales significativas (p Strombus gigas samples were collected in Banco Chinchorro, Quintana Roo, Mexico (18°47'-18°23' N; 87°14' W. Shell, body and spire lenght were measured. Fat content of gonad, digestive gland and meat of male and female conchs, was analyzed by the standard and microsoxhlet methods on a monthly basis for a year. Mean lenght for shell, body and spire were 209 ± 1 mm, 137 ±1 mm and 100 ± 1 mm, respectively. Total wet weigth was 1 826 ± 7 g. Fat content in gonad-digestive gland was 1.27-9.33 g% with a mean of 4.27 g% and in meat 0.41-5.03 g% with a mean of 2.15 g%. Fat content in female gonad-digestive gland was 1.27 g% at 8.57 g% with a mean of 4.50 g%; in male: 1.87 g% at 9.33 g% with a mean of 4.01 g%. Sexes differed (t student P < 0.05. Mean fat content in meat was 2.15 g%, (males 1.97 g%, females 2.3 g%. There was not significant sexual difference for meat fat content. There was a difference between gonad-digestive gland and meat (t student P < 0.05. However, from February to September meat lipid content exceeds the percentage recommended for human consumption by the FAO.

  9. A comparative study of &apos;'In-Out'&apos; and &apos;'Out-In'&apos; hydrogen reaction alternatives for metal hydride beds using RET 1 computer code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    El-Osery, I.A.

    1984-01-01

    The paper presents the results of a comparative study of two alternatives for progress for hydrogen reaction in metal hydride hydrogen storage beds; namely &apos;'In-Out'&apos; and &apos;'Out-In'&apos; through the application of a space-time dependent computer code &apos;&apos;RET 1&apos;&apos; for the solution of the associated mass and heat transfer problem. The reference model for the metal hydride storage bed is considered of cylindrical shape and composed of a multiple of a cylindrical cell, that either consists of a coaxial fluid tube surrounded by the granular iron-titanium metal hydride; called &apos;'In-Out'&apos; cell; or consists of a coaxial rod of the granular iron-titanium metal hydride surrounded by an annular fluid tube; called &apos;'Out-In'&apos; cell. The results of the study lead to the conclusion that for the same operating and physical conditions, the rate of hydrogen reaction in the &apos;'Out-In'&apos; cell is many times higher than that in the &apos;'In-Out'&apos; one.

  10. Adesão ao tratamento da ambliopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arakaki Mara Regina

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência da adesão no resultado do tratamento da ambliopia. MÉTODOS: Foi feito estudo retrospectivo avaliando a resposta ao tratamento da ambliopia em 151 crianças portadoras de ambliopia, tratadas com esquema de oclusão diária, com o número de dias variando de acordo com a idade da criança. Os pacientes foram separados em dois grupos que diferiam entre si pela adesão ou não ao tratamento. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que o tratamento teve melhores resultados nas crianças de 4 a 7 anos e que aderiram ao tratamento; as crianças que aderiram ao tratamento necessitaram de tempo menor de permanência em tratamento. Mesmo crianças com idade superior a 7 anos tiveram resultados positivos com a oclusão. CONCLUSÃO:O tratamento oclusivo é um meio terapêutico eficiente desde que haja a cooperação do paciente.

  11. Radiological assessment of skull base changes in children with syndromic craniosynostosis: role of &apos;'minor'&apos; sutures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calandrelli, Rosalinda; D' Apolito, Gabriella; Gaudino, Simona; Stefanetti, Mariangela; Colosimo, Cesare [Universita Cattolica Sacro Cuore, Institute of Radiology, Rome (Italy); Massimi, Luca; Di Rocco, Concezio [Universita Cattolica Sacro Cuore, Institute of Neurosurgery, Rome (Italy)

    2014-10-15

    This study aims to identify the premature synostosis of &apos;'major'&apos; and &apos;'minor'&apos; sutures of the four &apos;&apos;sutural arches&apos;&apos; of the skull and to perform a morphometric analysis in children with syndromic craniosynostosis in order to evaluate changes in the skull base linked with premature suture synostosis. We reviewed multiplanar high-resolution CT images, implemented with 3D reconstructions, from 18 patients with complex syndromic craniosynostosis and compared them with 18 age-matched healthy subjects. We assessed the calvarial sutures and their extension to the skull base, and then we correlated specific types of synostosis with the size, shape and symmetry of the cranial fossae. We found a marked asymmetry of the skull base growth in all patients. The synostotic involvement around the coronal ring caused a reduction in the growth of the anterior and middle fossae. The size of the posterior cranial fossa was related not only to &apos;'major'&apos; but also to &apos;'minor'&apos; suture synostosis of the lambdoid and parieto-squamosal arches. Changes in the skull base and craniofacial axis symmetry are due to structural and functional relationships between &apos;'major'&apos; and &apos;'minor'&apos; skull sutures, suggesting a structural and functional relationship between the neurocranium and basicranium. The early recognition of prematurely closed skull base sutures may help clinicians and neurosurgeons to establish correct therapeutic approaches. (orig.)

  12. prevenção e tratamento

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Andreia Margarida Ferreira de

    2011-01-01

    Trabalho apresentado à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Licenciada em Fisioterapia. Sensação retardada de dor muscular (SRDM) é uma lesão por esforço muscular que se desenvolve após o exercício excêntrico, mas a eficácia do tratamento de fisioterapia ainda não foi sistematicamente avaliado. Esta revisão sistemática teve como objectivo reunir informação sobre as medidas de prevenção e/ou as medidas terapêuticas sobre os efeitos de SRDM...

  13. Tratamento Farmacológico da Obesidade

    OpenAIRE

    Mancini, Marcio C.; Halpern, Alfredo

    2002-01-01

    A informação apresentada nesta revisão oferece uma visão da terapêutica corrente, bem como de medicamentos que já foram extensamente utilizados e que não mais estão disponíveis ou não são considerados classicamente agentes anti-obesidade. Os autores realizam uma extensa revisão sobre os critérios de avaliação de eficácia de tratamentos anti-obesidade, sobre agentes farmacológicos derivados beta-fenetilamínicos (anfepramona, fenfluramina, dexfenfluramina, fentermina e sibutramina), derivados t...

  14. Pueblos indígenas, Estados y educación superior. Aprendizajes de experiencias en varios países de América Latina potencialmente útiles a los procesos en marcha en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Mato

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available En varios países latinoamericanos, en las últimas tres décadas, se han creado un número significativo de universidades y otras instituciones de educación superior (IES que según los casos se denominan indígenas y/o interculturales. Adicionalmente, han surgido licenciaturas, diplomados y diversos tipos de programas especiales orientados a la inclusión de personas indígenas en universidades y otras IES “convencionales” (aquellas que no han sido creadas para responder a necesidades, demandas o propuestas de comunidades de pueblos indígenas o afrodescendientes.. Algunas de estas modalidades educativas han sido impulsadas por organizaciones y/o dirigentes indígenas, otras por universidades y otras IES “convencionales”, otras mediante alianzas entre estos tipos de instituciones y organizaciones indígenas, y otras por iniciativas de los Estados. En Argentina estos procesos son relativamente más recientes que en varios otros países de la región. Este artículo presenta un panorama de los tipos de experiencias que vienen desarrollándose en varios países latinoamericanos, señala sus principales logros y desafíos, y propone algunos aprendizajes potencialmente útiles para las experiencias que vienen desarrollándose en Argentina.

  15. HEMOFILIAS: FISIOPATOLOGIA, DIAGNÓSTICO E TRATAMENTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Truzzi COLOMBO, Gerson ZANUSSO JÚNIOR

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A hemofilia é um grave distúrbio hereditário da coagulação sanguínea, causada pela deficiência da atividade coagulante do fator VIII (hemofilia A ou IX (hemofilia B. A doença é decorrente de alterações nos genes codificantes destes fatores localizados no braço longo do cromossomo sexual X. Assim sua ocorrência no sexo masculino é quase que exclusiva, devido o homem apresentar somente um cromossomo X. A gravidade da doença pode variar em severa, moderadamente severa e leve, após dosagem dos fatores VIII e IX da coagulação. Uma das complicações mais temíveis dos pacientes com esta doença refere-se ao desenvolvimento de inibidores, que são anticorpos direcionados contra os fatores infundidos. O diagnóstico da doença é realizado através de exames laboratoriais, principalmente pelo coagulograma completo e dosagem de fatores específicos, baseando-se nas manifestações clínicas apresentadas pelo paciente. A hemofilia não tem cura e a base do seu tratamento é a infusão do concentrado do fator deficiente. No entanto, pacientes podem desenvolver inibidores específicos para os fatores infundidos e, nestes casos as alternativas de tratamento são o uso da biotecnologia para novos medicamentos e o uso da terapia gênica

  16. Tratamento da depressão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Gomes de Matos e Souza

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento antidepressivo deve ser realizado considerando os aspectos biológicos, psicológicos e sociais do paciente. Na média, não há diferenças significativas em termos de eficácia entre os diferentes antidepressivos mas o perfil em termos de efeitos colaterais, preço, risco de suicídio, tolerabilidade varia bastante o que implica em diferenças na efetividade das drogas para cada paciente. A conduta, portanto, deve ser individualizada. A prescrição profilática de antidepressivos irá depender da intensidade e freqüência dos episódios depressivos. O risco de suicídio dever ser sempre avaliado e se necessário o ECT deverá ser indicado. Não há antidepressivo ideal, entretanto, atualmente existe uma disponibilidade grande de drogas atuando através de diferentes mecanismos de ação o que permite que, mesmo em depressões consideradas resistentes, o tratamento possa obter êxito.The antidepressant treatment should be accomplished considering the patient’s biological, psychological and social aspects. In average, there are no significant differences in terms of efficacy among the different antidepressants but the profile in terms of collateral effects, price, suicide risk, tolerability shows great variation which implies in differences in the effectiveness of drugs for each patient. The therapy, therefore, should be individualized. The prophylactic prescription of antidepressants will depend on the intensity and frequency of the depressive episodes. The suicide risk should always be evaluated and if necessary ECT should be prescribed. There is no ideal antidepressant, however, there is a large variety of drugs acting through different mechanisms of action which allows the possibility of therapeutic success in resistant depressions.

  17. PREVALENCE OF HALLUX ABDUCTO VALGUS AMONG VARIOUS GROUPS IN ANAMBRA STATE OF NIGERIA; Predominio de hallux abducto valgus entre varios grupos en el estado de anambra de Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chijioke Mmadueke Okeke

    2017-08-01

    y femeninos en los grupos ocupacionales siguientes: Granjeros, comerciantes, estudiante de medicina, estudiante de cuidado, cuerpo de la seguridad de camino, policía y los militares. Estudiaron a un total de 1033 temas dentro de la escala de edades de 15 a 74 años . El valgus del abducto de Hallux fue identificado por la inspección del pie. El predominio de hallux abducto valgus en la población del estudio era 12.9%. Hallux abducto valgus era más frecuente en los varones (14.3% que en las hembras (11.2%. La afectación bilateral de hallux abducto valgus (5.5% era más frecuente que la afectación unilateral (- 2.6%, a la izquierda - 4.7% derechos. El predominio de hallux abducto valgus aumentó con el incremento en edad. El predominio de hallux abducto valgus entre varios grupos ocupacionales incluye: Policía (18.0%, cuerpo de la seguridad de camino (16.7%, estudiantes de cuidado (el 10%, militares (el 20%, estudiantes de medicina (9.9%, comerciantes (8.3% y granjeros (17.0%. El predominio del valgus del abducto del hallux en nuestro estudio era 12.9%. El predominio aumentó con el aumento de edad y hallux abducto valgus era más frecuente en varones que en hembras.

  18. Análisis de varios marcadores genéticos clásicos en la población de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernal Morera

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio de varios loci de grupos sanguíneos (ABO, Diego, Duffy, Kell, Kidd, Lewis, Lutheran, MNSs, P, Rhesus y Secretor y de la proteína sérica haptoglobina en una muestra de 2 196 costarricenses no emparentados y de ambos sexos. Los datos fueron clasificados y analizados de acuerdo con la región geográfica de origen de los individuos. Se estimaron las frecuencias génicas y su bondad de ajuste al equilibrio de Hardy-Weinberg mediante el método de máxima verosimilitud. Se observó la existencia de una estructuración geográfica en la población de Costa Rica. Todas las regiones de Costa Rica presentan valores de heterocigosidad mucho mayores a los observados en los pueblos indígenas costarricenses, pero semejantes o ligeramente mayores a los encontrados en poblaciones de España. El análisis de distancias génicas evidenció que las regiones de Costa Rica se agrupan próximas entre sí, en posiciones intermedias entre las amerindias y las de España, hecho que es coherente con el planteamiento que atribuye un origen mestizo a la población general de Costa Rica. Además, los datos contradicen la idea de que la región Central tiene una población radicalmente diferente a las demás regiones del país. Estos marcadores revelan pobres valores de probabilidad de exclusión forense y de paternidad, lo que confirma la importancia de su reemplazo por marcadores de ADN en los esquemas de identificación humana de los sistemas de investigación judicial. Tales resultados son similares a los encontrados en otras poblaciones latinoamericanasA study of several loci blood groups (ABO, Diego, Duffy, Kell, Kidd, Lewis, Lutheran, MNSs, P, Rhesus and Secretor, and Hp serum protein was carried out on a sample of 2 196 unrelated Costa Rican individuals of both sexes. Data was classified and analyzed according to geographic regions. Gene frequencies and the goodness of fit to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were estimated by the maximum

  19. &apos;&apos;Social capitalism&apos;&apos; in renewable energy generation: China and California comparisons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, Woodrow W. II.; Li, Xing [Clark Strategic Partners, PO Box 17975, Beverly Hills, CA 90210 (United States)

    2010-03-15

    With a population of over 1.3 billion people, demand for renewable energy is expected to grow to a USD $12 billion market in the near term. Under Renewable Energy Law (REL) in February 2005 in the People&apos;s Republic of China (PRC) passed by the National Congress, renewable energy projects will be able to receive a range of financial incentives starting in 2006, which will more than double the PRC current renewable energy generation from 7% to 15% by 2020. Most of the increase will be in hydroelectric generated power. Nonetheless, the nation and especially the provinces are moving rapidly to develop a wide range of renewable energy generation including solar, wind, geothermal and run of the river. Because China practices &apos;&apos;social capitalism&apos;&apos; as expressed in it&apos;s recurrent Five Year National Plans since 1999, the national government and all the provinces have programs, unlike many western and industrialized nations, to &apos;'plan'&apos; and provide for infrastructures. This paper concerns only the energy infrastructure sector and renewable energy generation in particular. The planning process includes financial incentives and investments which are a major part of the Chinese law focused on &apos;&apos;encouraging foreign investment industries&apos;&apos;. The key part of the law is to guarantee long-term power purchase agreements with state owned and controlled &apos;'utilities'&apos;. In short, China may have gotten the economics of the energy sector correct in its concern for planning and finance. The paper develops these energy infrastructure ideas along with the legal and financial requirements as &apos;'lessons'&apos; learned from the USA and especially California. These lessons now apply to China and allow it to learn from the American mistakes. Empirical data will be drawn from work done in China that examine the renewable energy generation and infrastructures and hence allow the RPC and its

  20. Report of working committee 4 &apos;&apos;transmission of gases&apos;&apos;; Rapport de la commission 4 &apos;&apos;transport des gaz&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Volskij, E.

    2000-07-01

    Report of the WOC 4 Transmission contains the results of works carried out during 1998-2000 by the Committee members and the three study groups. The most important is: - review of actual situation and prospects for the gas pipeline transmission system development; - report of SG-4.1 &apos;Pipeline Ageing and Rehabilitation&apos;, including analysis of pipeline steels, welding and insulation, methods of rehabilitation, the program of pipeline reconstruction; - report of SG-4.2 &apos;Emission monitoring&apos; including appraisal of gas losses and methods of lowering of methane and other emissions of the gas units in different countries; - report of SG-4.3 &apos;Pipelines Integrity Management and Safety&apos; including basic information on gas pipeline failure intensity, key elements of the Integrity Management System of the gas transmission, methods of risk evaluation and the effectiveness of the approach. (authors)

  1. Tratamento cognitivo e comportamental para transtornos do controle de impulsos

    OpenAIRE

    Hodgins,David C; Peden,Nicole

    2008-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: Este artigo revisa o tratamento da cleptomania, do comprar compulsivo e do jogo patológico. MÉTODO: Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura publicada. RESULTADOS: A pesquisa sobre o tratamento em todas essas áreas é limitada. As técnicas cognitivo-comportamentais utilizadas no tratamento da cleptomania compreendem sensibilização encoberta, dessensibilização imaginal, dessensibilização sistemática, terapia de aversão, treinamento de relaxamento e fontes alternativas de satisfação. Com...

  2. Tratamento do derrame pleural do mesotelioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yossef Aelony

    2001-07-01

    os 50% (deformação da parede torácica, toracalgia intratável entre outros. Alguns trabalhos recentes demonstraram um decréscimo da morbilidade para 5%, 30 dias após cirurgia mas com uma taxa de suicídio de 10%.As opções terapêuticas resumidas neste artigo são baseadas nos dados disponíveis actualmente.O tratamento de suporte é uma boa opção especialmente na doença avançada. Law e colegas publicaram uma série de doentes submetidos a tratamento paliativo com sobrevida média de 18 a 20 meses que não diferiu significativamente de um grupo similar submetido a cirurgia, radioterapia ou quimioterapia. Por outro lado Antman apenas referiu uma sobrevida de 4,2 meses num pequeno grupo de doentes que efectuaram tratamento de suporte.A eficácia da radioterapia foi avaliada isoladamente ou como adjuvante de quimioterapia com resultados desanimadores. O seu principal papel reside no tratamento ou prevenção do crescimento doloroso do tumor.A quimioterapia com a utilização de algumas associações de citostáticos conseguiu reduzir o crescimento do tumor mas nenhum esquema prolongou a sobrevida.A experiência da pleurodese química com vários agentes esclerosantes, através de drenagem torácica é escassa e a comparação da sua eficácia em relação à talcagem toracoscópica permanece desconhecida.A pleurodese com talco através de toracoscopia foi avaliada em algumas centenas de casos. Nesta técnica é efectuada a lise de aderências e talcagem. Das várias séries publicadas demons-trou-se uma paliação efectiva da dispneia com uma sobrevida média de 9 a 19,4 meses com uma recorrência de derrame pleural em cerca de 19% dos casos.A base teórica do prolongamento da sobrevida posterior à talcagem deve-se ao facto de ser um agente eficaz de pleurodese e impedir o crescimento do tumor por privação dos nutrientes essenciais. A talcagem permite ao doente uma qualidade de vida superior em relação aos doentes submetidos a cirurgia. Vários trabalhos

  3. &apos;et&apos; special: &apos;&apos;E-world of energy&apos;&apos;; &apos;et&apos;-special: &apos;&apos;E-world of energy&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2001-02-01

    The &apos;et&apos; special on the conference &apos;E-world of energy&apos;, held from February 13 - 15, 2001 in Essen (Germany) presents contributions of experts who offer solutions to issues and many topical questions arising in the business of traders and utilities as participants of (international) energy markets at various stages of transition towards workable competition. The translated titles of the 15 contributions reproduced in this &apos;et&apos; special indicate the major contents of the conference papers: 1. Internet-based wholesale power trading as a competitive option to the power exchange. 2. Forward graphs in European electricity markets. 3. Portfolio management in energy trading. 4. Risk management concepts in energy trading. 5. E-commerce as a driving force of a change in the energy markets. 6. eHuman resources management - a vital aspect of corporate success. 7. A brand policy for electricity? 8. Is it really only the price that counts for the customers? 9. The City Power network: an example of successful customer loyalty strategy for local and regional utilities. 10. The Call Center, an important instrument for customer loyalty programmes. 11. eCommerce or eLlusion? 12. eBusiness as a corporate strategy. 13. Meeting the challenges of increasing IT requirements. 14. IT solutions for transmission and distribution network management. 15. Target costing - pinpointed cost planning and control for the energy supply industry. (orig./CB) [German] In dem &apos;et&apos;-Special zur Konferenz &apos;E-world of energy&apos;, die vom 13.- 15. Februar 2001 in Essen stattfand, bieten Experten Loesungsvorschlaege fuer die aktuellen Fragen und Probleme an, die sich auf dem Weg zu liberalisierten Energiemaerkten stellen. Die folgenden Titel der 15 Beitraege geben eine Uebersicht ueber den Inhalt der Konferenzbeitraege. Themen: 1. Internetbasierte Grosshandelsmaerkte als Konkurrenz zu Energieboersen 2. Forward-Kurven in europaeischen Strommaerkten 3

  4. Country report: Slovakia. Climate technology initiative - disseminating &apos;&apos;best practice&apos;&apos; experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mikula, L. [Cogeneration Centre, Slovak Energy Agency (Slovakia); Hecl, V. [Energy Centre Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2002-11-01

    The authors report on selected &apos;&apos;best practice&apos;&apos; energy efficiency and renewable energy projects and measures in Slovakia: Biomass utilization, gas turbine combined cycle in Bratislava, Use of unconventional waste gases via cogeneration unit in Komarno, hydraulic balancing and thermostatic control adjustment of heating systems at company OSBD Martin, replacement of old, unsuitable boilers by biomass boilers, modernization of energy system in Zilina hospital. (uke)

  5. XVII International Scientific Conference &apos;&apos;RESHETNEV READINGS&apos;&apos;

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-01-01

    The International Scientific Conference &apos;RESHETNEV READINGS&apos; is dedicated to the memory of Mikhail Reshetnev, an outstanding scientist, chief-constructor of space-rocket systems and communication satellites. The current volume represents selected proceedings of the main conference materials which were published by XVII International Scientific Conference &apos;RESHETNEV READINGS&apos; held on November 12 – 14, 2013. Plenary sessions, round tables and forums will be attended by famous scientists, developers and designers representing the space technology sector, as well as professionals and experts in the IT industry. A number of outstanding academic figures expressed their interest in an event of such a level including Jaures Alferov, Vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Academician of RAS, Nobel laureate, Dirk Bochar, General Secretary of the European Federation of National Engineering Associates (FEANI), Prof. Yuri Gulyaev, Academician of RAS, Member of the Presidium of RAS, President of the International Union of Scientific and Engineering Associations, Director of the Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics of RAS, as well as rectors of the largest universities in Russia, chief executives of well-known research enterprises and representatives of big businesses. We would like to thank our main sponsors such as JSC &apos;&apos;Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems&apos;&apos;, JSC &apos;&apos;Krasnoyarsk Engineering Plant&apos;&apos;, Central Design Bureau &apos;'Geophysics'&apos;, Krasnoyarsk Region Authorities. These enterprises and companies are leading ones in the aerospace branch. It is a great pleasure to cooperate and train specialists for them. (preface)

  6. Village Power &apos;98

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cardinal, Julie; Flowers, Larry; Siegel, Judy; Taylor, Roger; Weingart, Jerome

    1999-03-24

    This is the fifth Village Power workshop sponsored by NREL. We have held these meetings every year since 1993, to focus, challenge, and provide a forum for interaction among practitioners working in the field of using renewable energy technologies as an economically viable pathway to electrification of rural populations throughout the world. Starting with a small group of 30 colleagues in 1993, this &apos;'workshop'&apos; has doubled in size every year. When the NREL staff was planning for this meeting, they were hoping for something around 400 participants. We are now looking at over 500, and we apologize for the somewhat cramped accommodations. This overwhelming response, however, shows that the use of renewable energy to solve some of the world&apos;s serious problems is coming of age. This meeting, this &apos;'conference'&apos; (it&apos;s clearly no longer a workshop) marks a transition. A transition from the viewpoint that renewables are, and forever will be a technology of the future; to the reality that renewables have come of age. We have technologies available today, at today&apos;s prices, that can make a substantive contribution to the pressing needs of environmentally sustainable development in the world. This is a collection of all the papers presented at the Village Power &apos;98 conference.

  7. Evaluatie van de smogsituatie in de winterperioden &apos;92/&apos;93, &apos;93/&apos;94 en &apos;94/&apos;95

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anker IM van de; LLO

    1996-01-01

    In Nederland bestaat sinds 20 juni 1991 een nieuwe smogregeling, het zogenaamde Modeldraaiboek Smog 1991. In dit modeldraaiboek zijn procedures, maatregelen, handelingen, signaleringsschema&apos;s en aanbevelingen vastgelegd welke betrekking hebben op perioden met verhoogde luchtverontreiniging

  8. The German &apos;'Energiewende'&apos;. Evaluation after the Paris-agreement; Die Deutsche Energiewende. Bewertung nach dem Klima-Abkommen von Paris

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roth, Eike

    2016-12-15

    The World-Climate-Summit 2016 in Paris agreed to exacerbated goals for climate protection. This paper will scrutinize whether Germany can comply with its Paris-obligations by continuing the ongoing German &apos;'Energiewende'&apos;. The result is clear-cut: The German &apos;'Energiewende'&apos; is inadequate. Due to the cap-and-trade system of the EU the &apos;'Energiewende'&apos; can in no way contribute to climate protection.

  9. European day &apos;&apos;in town, without my car&apos;&apos;; Journee europeen &apos;&apos;en ville, sans ma voiture&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-10-01

    70 million inhabitants took part in the day &apos;&apos;In town, without my car&apos;&apos; on 22 September of this year. It is a great success for this European first. The objective of Energie-Cites association being to promote sustainable local energy policies, that is to say policies aimed at improving energy efficiency, increasing the use of renewable energy sources and limiting nuisance and pollution linked to energy consumption, the association is pleased that this event helped focus public attention on transport. It is indeed in this sector that uncontrolled upswings in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions are the most important. This report presents the evaluation of this European initiative and details the actions in some towns. (A.L.B.)

  10. RAD/COMM &apos;'Cricket'&apos; Test Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiaro, P.J.

    2002-05-20

    A series of tests were performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to evaluate and characterize the radiological response of a &apos;'Cricket'&apos; radiation detection system. The &apos;'Cricket'&apos; is manufactured by RAD/COMM Systems Corp., which is located in Ontario, Canada. The system is designed to detect radioactive material that may be contained in scrap metal. The Cricket&apos;s detection unit is mounted to the base of a grappler and monitors material, while the grappler&apos;s tines hold the material. It can also be used to scan material in an attempt to isolate radioactive material if an alarm occurs. Testing was performed at the Environmental Effects Laboratory located at ORNL and operated by the Engineering Science and Technology Division. Tests performed included the following: (1) Background stability, (2) Energy response using {sup 241}Am, {sup 137}Cs, and {sup 60}Co, (3) Surface uniformity, (4) Angular dependence, (5) Alarm actuation, (6) Alarm threshold vs. background, (7) Shielding, (8) Response to {sup 235}U, (9) Response to neutrons using unmoderated {sup 252}Cf, and (10) Response to transient radiation. This report presents a summary of the test results. Background measurements were obtained prior to the performance of each individual test.

  11. Jevons&apos; paradox

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alcott, Blake [Gretenweg 4, CH 8038 Zurich (Switzerland)

    2005-07-01

    Technological efficiency; Rebound; Impact; Consumption; Growth; Jevons In The Coal Question William Stanley Jevons [Jevons, W.S., 1865/1965. The Coal Question: an Inquiry Concerning the Progress of the Nation, and the Probable Exhaustion of our Coal-mines. 3rd edition 1905, Ed. A.W. Flux. Augustus M. Kelley, New York.] maintained that technological efficiency gains-specifically the more &apos;economical&apos; use of coal in engines doing mechanical work-actually increased the overall consumption of coal, iron, and other resources, rather than &apos;saving&apos; them, as many claimed. Twentieth-century economic growth theory also sees technological change as the main cause of increased production and consumption. In contrast, some ecologically-oriented economists and practically all governments, green political parties and NGOs believe that efficiency gains lower consumption and negative environmental impact. Others doubt this &apos;efficiency strategy&apos; towards sustainability, holding that efficiency gains &apos;rebound&apos; or even &apos;backfire&apos; in pursuing this goal, causing higher production and consumption. Because many environmental problems demand rapid and clear policy recommendations, this issue deserves high priority in ecological economics. If Jevons is right, efficiency policies are counter-productive, and business-as-usual efficiency gains must be compensated for with physical caps like quotas or rationing.

  12. Investigation of vertebral &apos;&apos;end plate sclerosis&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, S.W. [Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic Univ., Hung Hom (Hong Kong); Mathie, A.G.; Jackson, J.E. [Diagnostic Radiology, Royal Postgraduate Medical School, Hammersmith Hospital, London (United Kingdom); Hughes, S.P.F. [Div. of Surgery, Anaesthetics and Intensive Care, London (United Kingdom)

    2001-08-01

    To evaluate the association between vertebral &apos;&apos;end plate sclerosis&apos;&apos; and neck pain. A retrospective study was carried out of lateral cervical spine radiographs with a Picture Archive and Communication System (PACS). Two hundred patients&apos; files were randomly assessed, comprising four equal groups, A to D. The mean ages of the patients were 62{+-}7.4 years, 61{+-}7.5 years, 40{+-}5.6 years and 23{+-}5.6 years respectively. In group A, all patients had symptoms of neck pain and a radiographic diagnosis of &apos;&apos;end plate sclerosis&apos;&apos; of the cervical spine. In groups B to D, asymptomatic patients were recruited and their age groups were 50-69, 30-49 and 10-29 years respectively. Using the PACS, the radiographic density and the sagittal diameter, thickness and area of the end plates at the C5 level were measured. Results and conclusions: No significant differences were found in the radiographic density of the end plates either between the symptomatic and asymptomatic groups (groups A and B), or between different age groups (groups B, C and D). A significant increase in end plate area and thickness was found, however, in both group B (P<0.005) and group C (P<0.01) in comparison with group D. This indicates that the extent of end plate sclerosis increases with age. Our results suggest that the radiographic density of cervical vertebral end plates correlates neither with neck pain nor with increasing age. The radiological sign of &apos;&apos;end plate sclerosis&apos;&apos; may be over-reported, further limiting its value in the assessment of patients with cervical spondylosis. (orig.)

  13. Students&apos;, Guardians&apos;, and Teachers&apos; Perceptions of Student-Led Conferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orso, Charlotte Lindsey

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the ELL and non-ELL students&apos;, guardians&apos;, and the English as a second language (ESL) teachers&apos; perceptions of student-led conferences. Specifically, the study examined if ELL students&apos; and guardians&apos; preferences were similar to non-ELL students&apos; and guardians&apos; preferences…

  14. Tecnologias e sistemas de tratamento para os dejetos da suinocultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro D. dos Santos

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A suinocultura caracteriza-se como uma atividade de alto impacto ambiental, devido a grande quantidade de dejetos com alta carga de poluentes, lançados no meio ambiente. No entanto, existem diversas tecnologias, e sistemas de tratamento, com a capacidade de reduzir o poder poluente dos dejetos da suinocultura. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar as principais tecnologias e sistemas de tratamentos para os dejetos da suinocultura, presentes em publicações brasileiras. Os resultados obtidos nestas publicações apresentaram-se de certa forma satisfatórios em relação à redução da carga de poluentes dos efluentes da suinocultura. Entretanto, pouco se sabe sobre o comportamento da redução dos poluentes em função de parâmetros dimensionais e temporais das tecnologias ou dos sistemas de tratamento. Tal desconhecimento dificulta o dimensionamento de sistemas de tratamento, desconsiderando a relação existente entre investimento e redução do poder poluente dos dejetos. Dentro deste contexto, a modelagem e otimização de sistemas pode ser uma ferramenta muito útil para o dimensionamento de tecnologias e sistemas de tratamento de dejetos de suínos.

  15. ECU tendon &apos;'dislocation'&apos; in asymptomatic volunteers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petchprapa, Catherine N. [New York University Langone Medical Center, Hospital for Joint Diseases, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States); Meraj, Seema [Zwanger-Pesiri Radiology Group, Lindenhurst, NY (United States); Jain, Nidhi [New York University School of Medicine, New York University Langone Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Assess extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendon position in the ulnar groove, determine the frequency of tendon &apos;'dislocation'&apos; with the forearm prone, neutral, and supine, and determine if an association exists between ulnar groove morphology and tendon position in asymptomatic volunteers. Axial proton density-weighted MR was performed through the distal radioulnar joint with the forearm prone, neutral, and supine in 38 asymptomatic wrists. The percentage of the tendon located beyond the ulnar-most border of the ulnar groove was recorded. Ulnar groove depth and length was measured and ECU tendon signal was assessed. 15.8 % of tendons remained within the groove in all forearm positions. In 76.3 %, the tendon translated medially from prone to supine. The tendon &apos;'dislocated'&apos; in 0, 10.5, and 39.5 % with the forearm prone, neutral and supine, respectively. In 7.9 % prone, 5.3 % neutral, and 10.5 % supine exams, the tendon was 51-99 % beyond the ulnar border of the ulnar groove. Mean ulnar groove depth and length were 1.6 and 7.7 mm, respectively, with an overall trend towards greater degrees of tendon translation in shorter, shallower ulnar grooves. The ECU tendon shifts in a medial direction when the forearm is supine; however, tendon &apos;'dislocation'&apos; has not been previously documented in asymptomatic volunteers. The ECU tendon medially translated or frankly dislocated from the ulnar groove in the majority of our asymptomatic volunteers, particularly when the forearm is supine. Overall greater degrees of tendon translation were observed in shorter and shallower ulnar grooves. (orig.)

  16. &apos;Economic&apos; and &apos;Political&apos; cooperation in various climate policy scenarios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamaide, Bertrand [Facultes Universitaires Saint Louis, CEREC, 43 Boulevard Botanique, 1000 Brussels (Belgium)

    2003-06-01

    Cooperation in the economic sense considers efficiency issues. Cooperation in the political sense, like the Kyoto Protocol, considers other issues like equity and historical responsibility. The environmental and economic impacts of the Kyoto Protocol and other scenarios are thus examined. The US pullout may then be viewed, among others, as the result of not untying &apos;economic&apos; and &apos;political&apos; cooperation; and since the Protocol will be much less effective without the US, it is shown that an external economic stimulus should and may theoretically be found for retaining their participation.

  17. Aspectos psicossociais na era dos novos tratamentos da AIDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Augusto Remor

    Full Text Available O presente artigo descreve o impacto no bem-estar (ansiedade e depressão e qualidade de vida das pessoas HIV+ quando o tratamento anti-retroviral não apresenta os resultados esperados. Foram avaliadas, através de questionários, as percepções e expectativas com o tratamento anti-retroviral, o nível de ansiedade e depressão, o nível de apoio social e a qualidade de vida percebida em 80 pacientes HIV+ em atendimento em um hospital universitário. Os resultados indicaram que as percepções e expectativas negativas com o tratamento podem modular o estado emocional e impactar negativamente a qualidade de vida das pessoas HIV+; e que um nível de apoio social adequado é capaz de atenuar este impacto negativo.

  18. Tratamento da anemia ferropriva com ferro por via oral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo D. Cançado

    Full Text Available A anemia ferropriva permanece como uma das deficiências nutricionais mais frequentes e importantes no mundo. O tratamento com ferro deve ser iniciado preferencialmente por via oral e a investigação apropriada de sua causa é obrigatória. Os autores discutem os compostos com ferro atualmente disponíveis, o perfil de eficácia, segurança e tolerabilidade desses medicamentos, e o plano terapêutico mais adequado possível para o sucesso no tratamento dessa doença tão comum e importante.

  19. Tratamento ambulatorial da endocardite bacteriana estreptocócica

    OpenAIRE

    Hassem Sobrinho, Sirio; Marchi, Carlos Henrique de; Croti, Ulisses Alexandre; Souza, Cristiane Girotto de; Silva, Érico Vinícius Campos Moreira da; Godoy, Moacir Fernandes de

    2010-01-01

    A endocardite bacteriana é uma grave doença infecciosa cujo tratamento é tradicionalmente feito com o paciente internado. recebendo medicação intravenosa. A possibilidade de tratamento domiciliar ou ambulatorial. em casos estritamente selecionados. é atraente tanto do ponto de vista social quanto do econômico. Apresentamos o relato de 6 pacientes com diagnóstico de endocardite bacteriana por Streptococcus. tratados parcial ou integralmente em regime ambulatorial. Todos evoluíram sem complicaç...

  20. Tratamento fungicida de sementes de soja inoculadas com Colletotrichum truncatum

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira,Carlos Eduardo; Oliveira,João Almir; Rosa,Michele Cristina Marques; Oliveira,Gustavo Evangelista; Costa Neto,Jaime

    2009-01-01

    A qualidade sanitária e o potencial fisiológico de sementes de soja são fatores determinantes para o estabelecimento de estandes adequados. Assim, objetivou-se avaliar o desempenho das sementes de soja e o crescimento das plantas após inoculação das sementes com Colletotrichum truncatum e tratamento fungicida via peliculização. As sementes foram inoculadas com C. truncatum utilizando técnica de restrição hídrica e, posteriormente, tratadas com fungicidas e polímero. Os tratamentos utilizados ...

  1. The game changing &apos;Battery&apos;

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wallace, Paula

    2012-01-01

    Full text: A new energy storage system with the potential to change the way the world utilises electricity has been developed in South Australia. “ With the capability and flexibility to store energy generated by solar or wind power or capture off-peak power for later use, the ZEN Freedom Power Bank offers benefits to householders, businesses and utilities,” ZEN Energy Systems chief executive officer Richard Turner said. He recently represented Australia by invitation at the International Cleantech Forum in San Fransisco and used the spotlight to feature the technology he believes is a world-first and the &apos;holy grail&apos; of renewable energy. The system is comprised of hi-density storage lithium ion batteries linked to innovative &apos;active&apos; battery balancing and control software, allowing both &apos;on-grid&apos; and &apos;off-grid&apos; management options. The electronic software has been designed in a joint development project with ZEN sister company, US-based Greensmith Energy Management Systems. The units will be assembled in Australia for supply to the local market as well as for export. “This technology enables low cost, large format &apos;dumb&apos; lithium ion cells to perform as effectively as, or better than, high cost &apos;smart&apos; cells, virtually halving the cost of the batteries or providing twice the storage capacity for the same cost,” Turner said. “The control software then enables centralised control of large communities of systems to manage peak demand or other issues within the public power grid. The base residential/business system will be capable of managing and storing 20 kilowatt hours of energy per day, which is the daily consumption of an average Australian home. For larger properties, additional 20kWh energy storage modules can be easily added,” Turner explained. “Reliance on the public grid is greatly reduced and it provides up to 24-hour energy backup if the grid goes down.” In the future, the Power

  2. Agreement &apos;&apos;power networks and environment&apos;&apos; 2001-2003; Accord &apos;&apos;reseaux electriques et environnement&apos;&apos; 2001-2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-01-01

    This agreement, discussed between the French government and Electricite de France (EdF) group, proposes some engagements for the 2001-2003 era for a better environmental integration of power transmission and distribution networks. The agreement is made of two parts: 1 - public distribution networks: realization of new workmanship (medium and low voltage power lines, new lines in dense urban areas), actions on existing workmanship (consequences of December 1999 storms, aesthetical aspects, burial of the main overhead lines in wooded areas, reinforcement of EdF&apos;s environmental commitment, remedial actions for environmental &apos;black points&apos;), general measures of implementation (increasing network safety, protection of birds fauna, coordination of works); 2 - public transportation network (RTE): development and safety improvement of the public transportation network (reinforced arrangement for the establishment of regional development schemes, development of international interconnections, safety improvement of the public transportation network, RTE&apos;s environmental plan); line projects (arrangements during projects elaboration, accompanying program); long lived RTE&apos;s commitment (environmental management and ISO-14001 certification, vigilance with respect to electromagnetic fields, R and D). (J.S.)

  3. Do we need a &apos;&apos;green medicine&apos;&apos;?; Brauchen wir &apos;&apos;Gruene Medizin?&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, M.; Daschner, F.; Scherrer, M. [Universitaetsklinikum Freiburg (Germany)

    2006-07-01

    Spontaneously, we do associate &apos;&apos;green medicine&apos;&apos; with terms like naturopathy, natural healing substances, herbal active agents, homeopathy, healthy food, preventive medicine and similar things, and finally we think of ecology. This is the focus of the following article. First of all, the following question arises: Are there any environment-friendly and cost-saving alternatives to the present medicine? There is an increasing number of environment-caused diseases. Therefore, a medicine not coping with the environment is not credible. In today&apos;s medicine, for example, there are too many persistent detergents, water-polluting disinfectants, and many disposable materials. Too much water ist consumed, whereas the use of renewable energies is only limited. And too little natural healing methods are applied in diagnostics and therapy. Presently, in Germany, 16,7 million in-patients are treated in Germany, 1,16 million out-patients have surgeries in 2166 hospitals by ca. 1,1 million medical staff. All this work needs energy and materials which bring various risks to environment and the patients. During the last two decades, however, many efforts were made in the field of environment protection in medicine. There is hardly a hospital left which has not taken measures of protecting the environment. In the branch-specific quality management system KTQ (=cooperation for transparency and quality in the health system). environment protection measures are interrogated and systematically assessed.

  4. &apos;&apos;Measuring the Costs of Climate Change Policies&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montgomery, W. D.; Smith, A. E.; Biggar, S. L.; Bernstein, P.M.

    2003-05-09

    Studies of the costs of climate change policies have utilized a variety of measures or metrics for summarizing costs. The leading economic models have utilized GNP, GDP, the &apos;&apos;area under a marginal cost curve,&apos;&apos; the discounted present value of consumption, and a welfare measure taken directly from the utility function of the model&apos;s representative agent (the &apos;&apos;Equivalent Variation&apos;&apos;). Even when calculated using a single model, these metrics do not necessarily give similar magnitudes of costs or even rank policies consistently. This paper discusses in non-technical terms the economic concepts lying behind each concept, the theoretical basis for expecting each measure to provide a consistent ranking of policies, and the reasons why different measures provide different rankings. It identifies a method of calculating the &apos;&apos;Equivalent Variation&apos;&apos; as theoretically superior to the other cost metrics in ranking policies. When regulators put forward new economic or regulatory policies, there is a need to compare the costs and benefits of these new policies to existing policies and other alternatives to determine which policy is most cost-effective. For command and control policies, it is quite difficult to compute costs, but for more market-based policies, economists have had a great deal of success employing general equilibrium models to assess a policy&apos;s costs. Not all cost measures, however, arrive at the same ranking. Furthermore, cost measures can produce contradictory results for a specific policy. These problems make it difficult for a policy-maker to determine the best policy. For a cost measures to be of value, one would like to be confident of two things. First one wants to be sure whether the policy is a winner or loser. Second, one wants to be confident that a measure produces the correct policy ranking. That is, one wants to have confidence in a policy measure&apos;s ability to correctly rank

  5. Efectos de la genisteína en varios modelos de isquemia-reperfusión cardíaca mediante estudio mecánico-energético

    OpenAIRE

    Colareda, Germán A.

    2016-01-01

    Esta tesis estudió los efectos directos del fitoestrógeno genisteína en varios modelos de isquemia-reperfusión: de no-flujo/reperfusión (I/R) en corazones enteros de rata y cobayo, y de hipoperfusión/reperfusión (HIP/R) en corazones enteros de rata. En estos modelos se generó una recuperación contráctil parcial durante la reperfusión, sin infarto, denominado “corazón atontado”. La disfunción contráctil en estos modelos está acompañada por una elevada liberación de calor que conduce a la dismi...

  6. 66. The safety engineering at reprocessing of raw material from &apos;zero&apos; mark and &apos;slaked lime&apos;

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ivanov, A.V.

    1993-01-01

    The safety engineering at reprocessing of raw material from &apos;zero&apos; mark and &apos;slaked lime&apos; was studied. All operational conditions at reprocessing of raw material from &apos;zero&apos; mark and &apos;slaked lime&apos; were discussed.

  7. From the &apos;PCR&apos; function to the &apos;PCR&apos; profession; de la fonction &apos;PCR&apos; au metier &apos;PCR&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perrin, L. [CERAP, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France)

    2008-07-01

    After having recalled the legal context concerning the appointment and training of a radiation protection expert (PCR for &apos;personne competente en radioprotection&apos;), the author outlines that the PCR&apos;s role has notably evolved: his function is now of primary importance in the company and his activity does not correspond to the legal framework any longer. Moreover, with the application of a European directive, some small establishments possessing ionizing radiation sources are disadvantaged, and the PCR is now facing an increasing number of missions and tasks. The author gives a list of them and assesses a needed time of 146 days per year: this means PCRs cannot have an other activity within their company

  8. Tratamento da endometriose Treatment of endometriosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Andrea de Albuquerque Salles Navarro

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Apesar da grande heterogeneidade das manifestações clínicas relacionadas à endometriose, observa-se a sua elevada prevalência em mulheres inférteis e portadoras de dor pélvica crônica. O impacto sócio-econômico desta afecção enigmática é elevado e os dados relacionados à eficácia das diferentes abordagens terapêuticas descritas são bastante conflitantes. Assim, os objetivos do presente artigo são apresentar as evidências científicas disponíveis acerca das diferentes modalidades terapêuticas aplicáveis e estabelecer recomendações para o tratamento da infertilidade e da dor pélvica crônica relacionadas à endometriose. Em pacientes com endometriose mínima ou leve a supressão da função ovariana não é efetiva para melhorar a fertilidade, mas a ablação das lesões associadas à adesiólise parece ser mais efetiva do que a realização exclusiva da laparoscopia diagnóstica. Não há evidências suficientes para determinar se a excisão cirúrgica em casos de doença moderada ou severa melhoraria as taxas de gestação. A fertilização in vitro parece ser uma abordagem adequada, especialmente nos casos de coexistência de fatores de infertilidade e/ou falha de outras abordagens terapêuticas. Deve-se avaliar a possibilidade de usar agonistas do GnRH por 3 a 6 meses, previamente à realização de fertilização in vitro. Em relação ao alívio da dor, verifica-se que a supressão da função ovariana por 3 a 6 meses em pacientes com doença confirmada laparoscopicamente reduz a dor associada à endometriose. Todas as medicações estudadas parecem apresentar eficácia similar, embora os efeitos adversos e de os custos sejam diferentes. A ablação das lesões endometrióticas reduz a dor associada à endometriose, sendo menos efetiva nos casos de doença mínima. A exérese de endometriomas com diâmetro > 4 cm parece melhorar a taxa de fecundidade natural e após procedimentos de reprodução assistida, além de

  9. Alguns vegetais brasileiros empregados no tratamento da diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando de Oliveira

    Full Text Available Os autores mencionam 17 plantas medicinais brasileiras frequentemente empregadas no tratamento de diabetes fornecendo dados sobre a composição química, elaboração das formas farmacêuticas empregadas e a posologia utilizada.

  10. VALORES DO RNI DE PACIENTES SUBMETIDOS AO TRATAMENTO COM ANTICOAGULANTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Aparecida Matos de SOUZA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Uma pesquisa exploratória de natureza qualitativa e quantitativa foi realizada durante o período de maio a agosto de 2013 no Laboratório de Análises Clínicas do Hospital das Clínicas localizado no município de Itaperuna, RJ. O objetivo foi analisar o perfil dos pacientes sob tratamento com anticoagulantes, demonstrando as potenciais variações nos valores da Relação Normalizada Internacional (RNI em comparação aos valores de referência bem como a frequência de realização de tais exames. Um questionário foi aplicado pouco antes da coleta do sangue, estabelecendo-se como critério de inclusão o uso de medicamentos anticoagulantes. Os resultados indicaram um total de 45 pacientes sob tratamento com anticoagulantes, sendo 32 do sexo feminino e 13 do sexo masculino. A maioria dos pacientes encontrava-se sob tratamento com o anticoagulante de uso oral varfarina e se encontrava com idade superior a 50 anos. O valor médio do RNI apresentou-se dentro dos limites considerados seguros, porém mais da metade dos pacientes apresentou RNI < 2,0 e a maioria dos pacientes sob tratamento com anticoagulantes não realiza a avaliação do RNI com frequência.

  11. Anaphylaxis following &apos;Hexabrix&apos; during routine coronary angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Langton, J.A.; Magee, P.; Sedgwick, J.; Sutton, R.

    1988-02-01

    A case is described of an anaphylactic reaction to &apos;Hexabrix 320&apos; radiographic contrast medium in a patient undergoing routine coronary angiography. The case is reported because such reactions to &apos;Hexabrix&apos; are considered rare, because the patient was pretreated with hydrocortisone and chlorpheniramine, and because of the continuous monitoring that occurred during the procedure.

  12. Tratamento do transtorno bipolar: eutimia Bipolar disorder treatment: euthymia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Gomes de Matos e Souza

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O transtorno bipolar é um quadro complexo caracterizado por episódios de depressão, mania ou hipomania e fases assintomáticas. O tratamento visa ao controle de episódios agudos e prevenção de novos episódios. O tratamento farmacológico iniciou-se com o lítio. Até o momento, o lítio permanece como o tratamento com mais evidências favoráveis na fase de manutenção. Outros tratamentos demonstram eficácia nessa fase, como o valproato, a carbamazepina e os antipsicóticos atípicos. Dos antipsicóticos atípicos o mais estudado nesta fase do tratamento é a olanzapina. Mais estudos prospectivos são necessários para confirmar a ação profilática de novos agentes.Bipolar disorder is a complex disorder characterized by depression episodes, mania or hypomania and asymptomatic phases. The treatment aims at the control of acute episodes and prevention of new episodes. The pharmacological treatment was inaugurated with lithium. Until the moment, lithium remains as the treatment with more favorable evidences in the maintenance phase. Other treatments demonstrate efficacy in this phase, as valproate, carbamazepine and atypical antipsychotics. Of the atypical antipsychotics, the most studied in this phase of treatment is olanzapine. More prospective studies are necessary to confirm prophylactic action of new agents.

  13. &apos;Living&apos;-chain radical polymerisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korolev, Gennadii V; Marchenko, A P [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

    2000-05-31

    The review is devoted to various types of compounds used as agents for &apos;living&apos; radical polymerisation, such as alkoxyamines formed upon addition of the chain carrier radicals, R{sup .}, to stable nitroxyl radicals, as well as products of the addition of the radicals to transition metal complexes with different ligands, etc. In all cases, the mechanism of the action of these agents consists in their reversible dissociation ArightleftarrowsR{sup .} + X{sup .}, where X{sup .} is a stable free radical or a metal-containing complex which can accept radicals R{sup .} (R{sup .} + X{sup .}{yields}A) and thus compete with the quadratic chain termination. Particular attention is paid to the studies which allowed a quantitative formulation of the mechanism of &apos;living&apos; radical polymerisation in the form of a mathematical model suitable for predicting both the parameters of the polymerisation and the properties of the resulting polymer (molecular mass and polydispersity). The bibliography includes 359 references.

  14. High energy X-ray laboratory &apos;'HEXYLab'&apos;. The new facility &apos;'HEXYTech'&apos;

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Redmer, Bernhard; Hohendorf, Stefan; Kolkoori, Sanjeevareddy; Wrobel, Norma; Ewert, Uwe

    2015-01-01

    High-energy radiography is used traditionally for the detection of defects in the thick-walled, bulky components. It is also used for testing the integrity of components for civil and security related applications (containers). The combination of high-energy emitters with digital detector arrays or line cameras allows test procedures in a shorter time compared to film or higher contrast sensitivity. The high-energy X-ray laboratory HEXYLab BAM is a joint laboratory in which future users, manufacturers and scientists can initiate and develop joint development projects. The new universal manipulation system HEXYTech forms the engineering and technical base for the most diverse requirements in HEXYLab (High Energy X-raY Lab.). With a total of 13 rotary and linear axes the diverse trajectories for tube, object and detector can be programmed. So large objects with complex geometries can be examined. 2D and 3D images can be measured by simple radiography, and laminography and computed tomography. The general rules for the application of high energy radiography with digital detectors (imaging plates, Digital detector arrays) were determined within the framework of the European project &apos;'HEDRad'&apos; (High Energy Digital Radiography) and included in the standard DIN EN ISO 17636-2. This article gives an overview of the testing technology and presents the possible applications on the basis of images and experiments. (PowerPoint slides). [de

  15. What do we mean by the word &apos;'Shock'&apos;?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Runnels, Scott Robert

    2015-01-01

    From one vantage point, a shock is a continuous but drastic change in state variables that occurs over very small time and length scales. These scales and associated changes in state variables can be measured experimentally. From another vantage point, a shock is a mathematical singularity consisting of instantaneous changes in state variables. This more mathematical view gives rise to analytical solutions to idealized problems. And from a third vantage point, a shock is a structure in a hydrocode prediction. Its width depends on the simulation&apos;s grid resolution and artificial viscosity. These three vantage points can be in conflict when ideas from the associated fields are combined, and yet combining them is an important goal of an integrated modeling program. This presentation explores an example of how models for real materials in the presence of real shocks react to a hydrocode&apos;s numerical shocks of finite width. The presentation will include an introduction to plasticity for the novice, an historical view of plasticity algorithms, a demonstration of how pursuing the meaning of &apos;'shock'&apos; has resulted in hydrocode improvements, and will conclude by answering some of the questions that arise from that pursuit. After the technical part of the presentation, a few slides advertising LANL&apos;s Computational Physics Student Summer Workshop will be shown.

  16. Solid state laser technology for inertial confinement fusion: A collection of articles from &apos;&apos;Energy and Technology Review&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-06-01

    This paper contains reprinted articles that record several milestones in laser research at LLNL. &apos;&apos;Neodymium-Glass Laser Research and Development at LLNL&apos;&apos; recounts the history of the Laser Program and our work on neodymium-glass lasers. &apos;&apos;Nova Laser Technology&apos;&apos; describes the capabilities of the Nova laser and some of its uses. &apos;&apos;Building Nova: Industry Relations and Technology Transfer&apos;&apos; illustrates the Laboratory&apos;s commitment to work with US industry in technology development. &apos;&apos;Managing the Nova Laser Project&apos;&apos; details the organization and close monitoring of costs and schedules during the construction of the Nova laser facility. The article &apos;&apos;Optical Coatings by the Sol-Gel Process,&apos;&apos; describes our chemical process for making the damage-resistant, antireflective silica coatings used on the Nova laser glass. The technical challenges in designing and fabricating the KDP crystal arrays used to convert the light wave frequency of the Nova lasers are reported in &apos;&apos;Frequency Conversion of the Nova Laser.&apos;&apos; Two articles, &apos;&apos;Eliminating Platinum Inclusions in Laser Glass&apos;&apos; and &apos;&apos;Detecting Microscopic Inclusions in Optical Glass,&apos;&apos; describe how we dealt with the problem of damaging metal inclusions in the Nova laser glass. The last article reprinted here, &apos;&apos;Auxilliary Target Chamber for Nova,&apos;&apos; discusses the diversion of two of Nova&apos;s ten beamlines into a secondary chamber for the purpose of increasing our capacity for experimentation.

  17. Trends in Energy. &apos;The consumer decides&apos;; Trends in Energy. &apos;De consument bepaalt&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brzezowsky-Ruys, Y.; Van der Zalm, M.; Van Zutphen, M. (eds.)

    2012-03-15

    A report is given of the Capgemini organised congress &apos;Trends in Energy 2011&apos; which has the Dutch subtitle &apos;De consument bepaalt&apos; (The consumer decides&apos;. The focus of the articles, interviews, debates and presentations is on the role of the consumer in the supply of and demand for energy. Parts of the report are in Dutch and English [Dutch] Dit rapport bestaat uit een verslag van het congres &apos;Trends in Energy 2011. De consument bepaalt&apos; en een aantal artikelen met achtergrondinformatie over onder meer de rol van de consument in vraag en aanbod van energie.

  18. Varios puentes de Berlín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heusel, Hanns

    1963-03-01

    Full Text Available The last war destroyed a large number of civil works, among which were the Berlin bridges. As the number of these was considerable, it was decided to improve on the original designs and methods of construction, taking advantage of new materials and prestressing techniques. Of the 84 reconstructed bridges, 24 of them have been made in prestressed concrete. This emphasizes what considerable importance was attached to this constructional method at a time when this technology had not yet reached its present day mature development. The rebuilt bridges have spans varying between 25 and 100 ms. Their foundations differ considerably in each particular case. Some consist of pile structures, others are of sheet piling, and others again are caissons. At present the most important prestressed bridge in Berlin is the Disching bridge, which runs over the Havel, and carries the road to Spandau. Its single span is 94 ms long, and the ratio of rise to span is 1/63.1.La última guerra mundial destruyó una serie de obras públicas, entre las cuales se hallaban muchos puentes de Berlín. Como el número de puentes destruidos es considerable, se pensó en mejorar las obras originales y los métodos de construcción, para lo cual se contaban con nuevos materiales y la técnica del pretensado, actualmente en estado de madurez. De las 84 obras que se han reconstruido, 24 son de hormigón pretensado. Esto pone de relieve la importancia que se le dio a este sistema en aquellos momentos en que la técnica de este tipo de construcciones no había alcanzado todavía el actual desarrollo. Los puentes reconstruidos tienen luces que varían de 25 a 100 metros. Los cimientos de estas obras son muy distintos y variados: unos están formados por tablestacas, otros se apoyan sobre pilotes y, finalmente, otros, constituidos por cajones. El puente pretensado más importante actualmente en Berlín es el de Disching, que salva el río Havel y cuyo objeto es el de dar paso a la carretera de la región de Spandau. Su único tramo tiene 94 m de luz y una relación entre flecha y luz de 1/63,1.

  19. Considerações sobre o tratamento das mastites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helio Langoni

    Full Text Available RESUMO: A mastite é considerada o maior problema dos animais destinados à produção de leite. Altera a sua composição e aumenta a contagem de células somáticas (CCS. Os micro-organismos envolvidos na doença podem ser origem infecciosa, como Staphylococcus aureus, ou ambiental, tal como Escherichia coli. A cultura bacteriana é uma ferramenta de diagnóstico e auxilia na detecção do patógeno causador da mastite. No entanto, fatores como fagocitose podem desencadear um resultado negativo. Quando estabelecido um programa de controle de mastite, o diagnóstico precoce e o início do tratamento adequado dos casos clínicos são fundamentais para se atingir os objetivos e seu sucesso, está relacionado com o patógeno envolvido. A indicação do tratamento de longa duração, ou terapia estendida, tem melhorado a resposta ao tratamento em casos de mastite por S. aureus, no entanto, com 30-50% de cura. Do ponto de vista do manejo dos animais, devido a alta contagiosidade deste patógeno, sua persistência no rebanho e custo em função ao tratamento, muitas vezes, o descarte do animal tem sido priorizado a fim de controlar os casos de mastite em propriedades. As medidas de controle são muito importantes para contribuir com a redução de casos de mastite por este patógeno. A indicação do tratamento intramamário associada com sistêmico tem poder efetivo em casos de mastite por E. coli, cujos casos agudos apresentam-se com sepse e toxemia. São abordados ainda aspectos de tratamentos alternativos das mastites, utilizados principalmente no processo orgânico de produção leiteira.

  20. Porosity. &apos;&apos;The good, the bad and ugly&apos;&apos; of Radiographic Testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vaughan, Hugo

    2016-01-01

    &apos;&apos;Radiographic Testing is a NDT method to detect inherent volumetric discontinuities in materials such as castings and welds&apos;&apos; A common type of discontinuity found and most often misinterpreted and evaluated is rounded indications, whether isolated, aligned or clustered. This paper addresses the acceptance criteria of rounded indications based on various codes and standards and intends to lay at rest the confusion related to this type of discontinuity. The following are important considerations: 1. Interpretation of rounded indications based on codes and standards used in the various sectors of NDT. 2. What types of discontinuities can be regarded as rounded indications? 3. What discontinuity sizes can be regarded as relevant discontinuities? 4. What are the acceptance and rejection criteria for relevant rounded indications 5. Compiling relevant student assignments to facilitate the proper understanding of this aspect.

  1. APOE Genotyping, Cardiovascular Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... it ordered? As a test to evaluate lipid metabolism or cardiovascular risk, APOE genotyping is ordered when someone has: Significantly elevated cholesterol and triglyceride levels that do not respond to dietary and ...

  2. THE FIRST &apos;&apos;WATER FOUNTAIN&apos;&apos; COLLIMATED OUTFLOW IN A PLANETARY NEBULA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gómez, José F.; Miranda, Luis F.; Guerrero, Martín A. [Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada (Spain); Suárez, Olga; Bendjoya, Philippe; Lagadec, Eric [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d' Azur, F-06304 Nice (France); Rizzo, J. Ricardo; García-García, Enrique [Centro de Astrobiología (INTA-CSIC), Ctra. M-108, km. 4, E-28850 Torrejón de Ardoz (Spain); Green, James A. [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Australia Telescope National Facility, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Uscanga, Lucero [Institute of Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Athens (Greece); Ramos-Larios, Gerardo [Instituto de Astronomía y Meteorología, Av. Vallarta No. 2602, Col. Arcos Vallarta, C.P. 44130 Guadalajara, Jalisco (Mexico)

    2015-02-01

    &apos;&apos;Water fountains&apos;&apos; (WFs) are evolved objects showing high-velocity, collimated jets traced by water maser emission. Most of them are in the post-asymptotic giant branch (post-AGB) and they may represent one of the first manifestations of collimated mass loss in evolved stars. We present water maser, carbon monoxide, and mid-infrared spectroscopic data (obtained with the Australia Telescope Compact Array, Herschel Space Observatory, and the Very Large Telescope, respectively) toward IRAS 15103–5754, a possible planetary nebula (PN) with WF characteristics. Carbon monoxide observations show that IRAS 15103–5754 is an evolved object, while the mid-IR spectrum displays unambiguous [Ne II] emission, indicating that photoionization has started and thus, its nature as a PN is confirmed. Water maser spectra show several components spreading over a large velocity range (≅ 75 km s{sup –1}) and tracing a collimated jet. This indicates that the object is a WF, the first WF known that has already entered the PN phase. However, the spatial and kinematical distribution of the maser emission in this object are significantly different from those in other WFs. Moreover, the velocity distribution of the maser emission shows a &apos;'Hubble-like'&apos; flow (higher velocities at larger distances from the central star), consistent with a short-lived, explosive mass-loss event. This velocity pattern is not seen in other WFs (which are presumably in earlier evolutionary stages). We therefore suggest that we are witnessing a fundamental change of mass-loss processes in WFs, with water masers being pumped by steady jets in post-AGB stars, but tracing explosive/ballistic events as the object enters the PN phase.

  3. Major disruption of D&apos;&apos; beneath Alaska: D&apos;&apos; Beneath Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Daoyuan [Laboratory of Seismology and Physics of Earth' s Interior, School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei Anhui China; National Geophysics Observatory at Mengcheng, Anhui China; Helmberger, Don [Seismological Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Caltech, Pasadena California USA; Miller, Meghan S. [Department of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles California USA; Jackson, Jennifer M. [Seismological Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Caltech, Pasadena California USA

    2016-05-01

    D&apos;&apos; represents one of the most dramatic thermal and compositional layers within our planet. In particular, global tomographic models display relatively fast patches at the base of the mantle along the circum-Pacific which are generally attributed to slab debris. Such distinct patches interact with the bridgmanite (Br) to post-bridgmanite (PBr) phase boundary to generate particularly strong heterogeneity at their edges. Most seismic observations for the D&apos;&apos; come from the lower mantle S wave triplication (Scd). Here we exploit the USArray waveform data to examine one of these sharp transitions in structure beneath Alaska. From west to east beneath Alaska, we observed three different characteristics in D&apos;&apos;: (1) the western region with a strong Scd, requiring a sharp δVs = 2.5% increase; (2) the middle region with no clear Scd phases, indicating a lack of D&apos;&apos; (or thin Br-PBr layer); and (3) the eastern region with strong Scd phase, requiring a gradient increase in δVs. To explain such strong lateral variation in the velocity structure, chemical variations must be involved. We suggest that the western region represents relatively normal mantle. In contrast, the eastern region is influenced by a relic slab that has subducted down to the lowermost mantle. In the middle region, we infer an upwelling structure that disrupts the Br-PBr phase boundary. Such an interpretation is based upon a distinct pattern of travel time delays, waveform distortions, and amplitude patterns that reveal a circular-shaped anomaly about 5° across which can be modeled synthetically as a plume-like structure rising about 400 km high with a shear velocity reduction of ~5%, similar to geodynamic modeling predictions of upwellings.

  4. Kinetics of phagocytosis of /sup 198/Au colloids &apos;&apos;in vitro&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Astorri, N.L.; Bergoc, R.M.; Bianchin, A.M.; Caro, R.A.; Ihlo, J.E.; Rivera, E.S. (Buenos Aires Univ. Nacional (Argentina). Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica)

    1982-07-01

    The kinetics of the phagocytosis of 198-Au colloids by macrophages &apos;&apos;in vitro&apos;&apos; was studied by incubating during 5 hours phagocytic cells from the liver and the spleen of Wistar rats with colloidal radiogold particles, in the presence of an adequate culture medium (TC-199 with 10 per cent of Bovine Fetal Serum). In each experiment, the number of colloidal gold particles offered to each phatocytic cell, (Au)/sub 0/ and the mean rate of phagocytosis v, were calculated. The latter value was determined by measuring the radioactivity incorporated into the phagocytic cells during the incubation; it was expressed as the number of phagocytized colloidal gold particles per cell per minute. The values of log v = f (log (Au)/sub 0/) were plotted. The Lineweaver-Burk analysis of the results demonstrates that the kinetics of the phagocytosis of colloidal radiogold particles &apos;&apos;in vitro&apos;&apos; follows a model similar to Michaelis-Menten equations for enzyme reactions. The values of the substratum constant Ks and maximun velocity Vm were obtained by the regression analysis of the 1/v vs. 1/(Au)/sub 0/ graph. Vm was equal to 9.44 x 10 and 1.63 x 10 phagocytized colloidal gold particles per cell per minute for liver and spleen macrophages, respectively. Ks was equal to 6.01 x 10/sup 9/ and 8.02 x 10/sup 8/ colloidal gold particles per cell for liver and spleen macrophages, respectively. The significance of these differences is discussed and attributed mainly to a change of the specific engulfment rate constant.

  5. Tratamento do Mieloma Múltiplo recidivado Relapsed Multiple Myeloma treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vania T. M. Hungria

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available O mieloma múltiplo ainda é uma doença incurável. Apesar das novas estratégias de tratamento, a maioria dos pacientes recidiva. O padrão da recidiva é muito heterogêneo, podendo se apresentar com comportamento indolente ou agressivo. O tratamento da doença recidivada depende de vários fatores: do tratamento realizado como primeira linha, se transplante autólogo de medula óssea ou não, da resposta e sua duração, se a recidiva ocorreu com ou sem tratamento de manutenção, do performance status do paciente e da reserva medular. Se a recidiva ocorrer após seis meses do término do tratamento, o mesmo esquema quimioterápico inicial pode ser instituído. O transplante autólogo de medula óssea pode ser proposto como consolidação em recidivas quimiossensíveis ou como tratamento de resgate, se as células-tronco periféricas tiverem sido coletadas anteriormente. A talidomida tem sido utilizada em pacientes com mieloma múltiplo recidivado após quimioterapia convencional ou após o transplante autólogo da medula óssea. A talidomida sozinha pode induzir respostas objetivas em pelo menos 1/3 dos pacientes que já receberam muitos tratamentos; e quando combinada com quimioterapia, as respostas objetivas ocorrem em aproximadamente 2/3 dos pacientes. O bortezomibe está indicado em pacientes recidivados, sozinho ou associado a dexametasona e a outras drogas, com taxas de resposta de 43% a 76%. O melhor tratamento do paciente com mieloma múltiplo recidivado deve ser individualizado, dependendo da idade, da função da medula óssea, da terapia inicial, do padrão e tempo para a recidiva.Multiple myeloma still remains an incurable disease. Despite the new treatment approaches, almost all patients face the risk of an eventual relapse. The pattern of relapse is very heterogeneous and can be indolent or more aggressive. The treatment of relapsed disease depends on a number of factors: duration of response, relapse on or off maintenance

  6. Tratamento da Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana Treatment of american cutaneous leishmaniasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Borges de Lima

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available A leishmaniose tegumentar americana é doença infecciosa da pele e mucosa, cujo agente etiológico é um protozoário do gênero Leishmania. Seu tratamento é desafio porque as drogas disponíveis apresentam elevada toxicidade, e nenhuma delas é bastante eficaz. A recidiva, a falha terapêutica em pacientes imunodeprimidos e a resistência ao tratamento são fatores que motivam a busca de uma droga ideal.American cutaneous leishmaniasis is an infectious disease of the skin and mucosa caused by a protozoon of the genus Leishmania. Its treatment is a challenge since the drugs available are highly toxic and none is completely effective. Recurrence, therapeutic failure in immunosuppressed patients and treatment resistance are some factors that encourage searching an ideal drug.

  7. Uso da fluoxetina no tratamento da tricotilomania felina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa Marlos Gonçalves

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A tricotilomania ou alopecia psicogênica felina é uma dermatopatia de origem psicogênica, decorrente da lambedura compulsiva do pelame, realizada pelo gato em situações de estresse. Tal distúrbio decorre de alterações neuro-hormonais e pode associar-se à introdução de novos animais e/ou crianças no ambiente. Além de mudanças de manejo e atitude para com o animal, sugere-se o emprego de ansiolíticos no tratamento da doença. A fluoxetina foi utilizada no tratamento de cinco gatos domésticos com tricotilomania, apresentando inibição do comportamento de lambedura, com repilação após dois a três meses de terapia.

  8. Tratamento de dejetos suínos com biorreator UASB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Costa da Silva

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho tem por objetivo analisar a importância do biodigestor UASB no tratamento de dejetos suínos. A suinocultura possui papel importante quanto ao desenvolvimento econômico do Brasil. No entanto, o aumento de produção vem causando problemas ambientais graves, por conta do grande volume de resíduos sólidos gerados pela atividade. O desenvolvimento de métodos de tratamento de dejetos que agreguem valor à produção e respeitem as leis ambientais é um dos grandes desafios do setor. A biodigestão anaeróbia é um dos métodos mais eficazes para o tratamento de dejetos de suinoculturas. Este método de digestão, denominado UASB, tem como característica principal a produção de biogás e de biofertilizante, produto rico em nutrientes, e livre de patógenos. O método oferece vantagens como a promoção do bem estar animal, o aumento da fertilidade do solo, a diminuição da poluição e da emissão de gases geradores do efeito estufa e a melhoria da qualidade de vida, nos centros produtores de suínos, além de minimizar problemas relacionados ao déficit de energia elétrica. Portanto, a utilização de biodigestores UASB para o tratamento de dejetos de suínos é uma opção interessante, que deve ser avaliada com seriedade.

  9. Barreiras ao tratamento da hipertensão arterial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se descrever as barreiras encontradas pelas pessoas portadoras de hipertensão arterial para a não adesão ao tratamento e controle dos níveis de sua pressão arterial. Estudo descritivo e transversal realizado em seis unidades básicas de saúde em Fortaleza-Ceará, Brasil, com 246 pessoas inscritas no Programa de Controle de Hipertensão Arterial há, no mínimo, um ano. Coletaram-se dados com entrevista estruturada e no prontuário eletrônico. Identificaram-se 69 pesquisados com níveis pressóricos normalizados. As principais barreiras apontadas foram: baixas condições financeiras, tratamento contínuo com muitos remédios e prática de atividade física. Concluiu-se que as barreiras ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo compreendem a pessoa adoecida, seu ambiente de vida e acesso aos cuidados de saúde.

  10. A ayahuasca e o tratamento da dependência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo S. Mercante

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A ayahuasca é uma bebida psicoativa utilizada por diversos grupos indígenas por toda a Amazônia, assim como por xamãs mestiços (chamados "vegetalistas" e por religiões e grupos independentes no Brasil. Desde a década de 1990 esta bebida vem sendo empregada no tratamento da dependência. Existem atualmente alguns centros espalhados pela América do Sul que realizam este tipo de tratamento. Realizei trabalho de campo em quatro deles, um no Peru e três no Brasil. Neste artigo faço uma pequena descrição etnográfica destes centros e teço algumas considerações sobre o papel da experiência durante o efeito do chá no processo de recuperação da dependência e também da possibilidade deste tipo de tratamento não ser uma mera terapia de substituição.

  11. Distribución de potencia en los alimentadores de baja tensión con varios conductores por fase; Power Distribution in Low Tension Feeders with Several Phase Conductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor S Llamo Laborí

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available En las redes de distribución a 120/208 V, las corrientes debidas a las cargas son muy altas y ello obliga ainstalar varios conductores en paralelo por fase. La mayor o menor asimetría de las corrientes que circulan porcada uno de los conductores que forman cada fase no son función del balanceo que se haga de la carga ni delmayor o menor desbalance de las tensiones sino de la disposición de las fases. En este trabajo se presentanlas características y los resultados de un algoritmo para determinar cuál es la disposición de las fases quepermiten obtener el mejor aprovechamiento de la capacidad instalada en los conductores del alimentador. In the 120/208 distribution grids, the loads currents are very high. In this case it is necessary to install severalconductors in parallel. The more o less asymmetry of currents in the different conductors that form everyphase is function of the phase disposition and not of the more or less unbalance of the tension or the loadscurrents. In this work are presented the characteristics and the results of algorithms that permit to determinewhich the phase disposition is that bring the better use of the installed capacity of the feeder.

  12. Efectos del magnesio intercambiable sobre algunas propiedades físicas de varios suelos del Valle del Cauca Effects of exchangeable magnesium on physical properties of Cauca Valley soils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendoza R. Oscar H.

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available En 57 suelos del Valle del Cauca se evaluó, mediante análisis de correlación, el efecto de la saturación de Mg intercambiable sobre algunas propiedades físicas. Se encontró poca influencia del PMgl sobre las densidades real y aparente, la porosidad y la conductividad hidráulica. La saturación de Mg intercambiable tuvo efecto agregante. En condiciones de laboratorio no se observó un efecto definido de la saturación de varios suelos con Mg sobre las mismas propiedades físicas.The effect of high Mg saturation on the physical properties of 57 soils of Cauca Valley was evaluated using regression and correlation analysis. It was found that EMgP did not affect soil bulk density, porosity or hydraulic conductivity. Gigh EMgP does not promote dispersion in the soils studied but it causes aggregation. Under laboratory conditions any EMgP effect on the soil physical properties was observed.

  13. El Partido Comunista Colombiano, desde su fundación y orientación hacia la "transformación Bolchevique". Varios episodios de la historia de relaciones entre Moscú y el comunismo colombiano

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    Lázar Jeifets

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Centenares de libros y miles de artículos han sido escritos sobre la historia de la III Internacional; no obstante en ella existen lagunas y varios enigmas. Una de las causas primordiales de este hecho es la confrontación ideológica acerca sobre la actividad del "partido comunista mundial". Porque mientras los adversarios del movimiento comunista intentaban comprobar que la actividad de las secciones nacionales de la Comintern fue dirigida siempre desde Moscú y que los partidos comunistas nunca fueron organismos independientes, los comunistas por su parte insistían en la originalidad de sus partidos y buscaban la manera de ocultar un tema muy importante, es decir, el carácter de las relaciones entre sus partidos y el Estado Mayor de la Comintern en Moscú. Ambas corrientes adversarias, al mismo tiempo basaban sus postulados sobre "las conjeturas y suposiciones" sin tener la posibilidad de comprobar sus teorías con documentos, como lo ha escrito francamente el historiador R. Alexander en su obra fundamental "Comunismo en Latinoamérica".

  14. New quality assurance program integrating &apos;&apos;modern radiotherapy&apos;&apos; within the German Hodgkin Study Group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kriz, J.; Haverkamp, U.; Eich, H.T. [University of Muenster, Department of Radiation Oncology, Muenster (Germany); Baues, C.; Marnitz-Schulze, S. [University of Cologne, Department of Radiation Oncology, Koeln (Germany); Engenhart-Cabillic, R. [University of Marburg, Department of Radiation Oncology, Marburg (Germany); Herfarth, K. [University of Heidelberg, Department of Radiation Oncology, Heidelberg (Germany); Lukas, P. [University of Innsbruck, Department of Radiation Oncology, Innsbruck (Austria); Schmidberger, H. [University of Mainz, Department of Radiation Oncology, Mainz (Germany); Fuchs, M.; Engert, A. [University of Cologne, Department of Internal Medicine, Koeln (Germany)

    2017-02-15

    Field design changed substantially from extended-field RT (EF-RT) to involved-field RT (IF-RT) and now to involved-node RT (IN-RT) and involved-site RT (IS-RT) as well as treatment techniques in radiotherapy (RT) of Hodgkin&apos;s lymphoma (HL). The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the establishment of a quality assurance program (QAP) including modern RT techniques and field designs within the German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG). In the era of modern conformal RT, this QAP had to be fundamentally adapted and a new evaluation process has been intensively discussed by the radiotherapeutic expert panel of the GHSG. The expert panel developed guidelines and criteria to analyse &apos;'modern'&apos; field designs and treatment techniques. This work is based on a dataset of 11 patients treated within the sixth study generation (HD16-17). To develop a QAP of &apos;&apos;modern RT&apos;&apos;, the expert panel defined criteria for analysing current RT procedures. The consensus of a modified QAP in ongoing and future trials is presented. With this schedule, the QAP of the GHSG could serve as a model for other study groups. (orig.) [German] Nicht nur die Zielvolumendefinitionen haben sich von der Extended-Field- (EF-RT) ueber die Involved-Field- (IF-RT) bis zur Involved-Node- (IN-RT) und Involved-Site-Radiotherapie (IS-RT) weiterentwickelt. Auch die Radiotherapie(RT)-Techniken in der Behandlung von Patienten mit Hodgkin-Lymphom haben Aenderungen erfahren. Wir moechten aufzeigen, wie die Arbeit des Qualitaetssicherungsprogramms (QAP) innerhalb der Deutschen Hodgkin Studiengruppe (German Hodgkin Study Group [GHSG]) in der Aera der &apos;&apos;modernen RT&apos;&apos; hinsichtlich intensitaetsmodulierter RT (IMRT) und bildgefuehrter RT (IGRT), aber auch hinsichtlich moderner Felddefinitionen wie bei der IN-RT angepasst wurde. In der Aera der &apos;&apos;modernen RT&apos;&apos; wurde das QAP vom radiotherapeutischen Expertenpanel der GHSG im Rahmen einiger

  15. Proceedings of the DGMK-conference &apos;Synthesis gas chemistry&apos;. Authors&apos; manuscripts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoenicke, D.; Kohlpaintner, C.; Luecke, B.; Reschetilowski, W. [eds.

    2000-07-01

    The main topics of the DGMK-Conference &apos;&apos;Synthesis Gas Chemistry&apos;&apos; were: production of synthesis gas from several educts, new catalysts, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, hydroformylation, steam reforming and carbonylation.

  16. O tratamento da doenca renal cronica pode afetar a audicao?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila Suman Lopez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Doença renal crônica (DRC é definida pela presença de lesão renal levando à perda lenta e progressiva da função renal. Objetivo: Comparar testes auditivos entre pacientes com DRC submetidos a diferentes método de tratamento. Material e método: Estudo clínico transversal. Os grupos foram divididos de acordo com o método de tratamento: hemodiálise (n = 35, diálise peritoneal (n =15, conservador (n = 51 e 27 pacientes saudáveis (controle. Pacientes com idade superior a 60 anos, perda auditiva congênita, síndromes genéticas, infecções de orelha média e transplante renal foram excluídos da pesquisa. A avaliação audiológica incluiu audiometria tonal, emissões otoacústicas evocadas transientes e Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Tronco Encefálico (PEATE; e as variáveis avaliadas foram: sexo, idade, diagnóstico de hipertensão arterial e diabetes, estádio da DRC, tempo de diagnóstico do diabetes e da hipertensão arterial, duração da DRC e do tratamento. Resultados: A idade, presença de hipertensão arterial e tempo de DRC foram estatisticamente significantes e controlados. O grupo conservador apresentou piores limiares auditivos na audiometria tonal e o intervalo III-V do PEATE significativamente maior que o da hemodiálise. Conclusão: O tratamento conservador mostrou piores resultados na avaliação auditiva, independente de diabetes e de hipertensão, reforçando que os pacientes submetidos a tratamento para DRC devem realizar avaliação auditiva completa para melhor compreensão da doença e de seus efeitos sobre o sistema auditivo.

  17. Tratamento cognitivo e comportamental para transtornos do controle de impulsos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David C Hodgins

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Este artigo revisa o tratamento da cleptomania, do comprar compulsivo e do jogo patológico. MÉTODO: Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura publicada. RESULTADOS: A pesquisa sobre o tratamento em todas essas áreas é limitada. As técnicas cognitivo-comportamentais utilizadas no tratamento da cleptomania compreendem sensibilização encoberta, dessensibilização imaginal, dessensibilização sistemática, terapia de aversão, treinamento de relaxamento e fontes alternativas de satisfação. Com relação ao comprar compulsivo, não existe amparo empírico para o tratamento, mas as técnicas comuns examinadas foram sensibilização encoberta, exposição e prevenção de resposta, controle do estímulo, reestruturação cognitiva e prevenção de recaída. O tratamento do jogo patológico teve êxito tanto no formato em grupo como no individual, utilizando técnicas tais como terapia aversiva, dessensibilização sistemática, dessensibilização imaginal e terapia comportamental multimodal (incluindo exposição in vivo, controle do estímulo e sensibilização encoberta, juntamente com técnicas cognitivas, tais como psicoeducação, reestruturação cognitiva e prevenção de recaída. CONCLUSÕES: Há um consenso geral na literatura de que as terapias cognitivo-comportamentais oferecem um modelo eficaz de intervenção em todos esses transtornos. Uma formulação de caso individualizada é apresentada com um exemplo de estudo de caso. Sugerem-se diretrizes para a prática clínica de cada transtorno.

  18. Tratamento dos transtornos alimentares: fatores associados ao abandono

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Leme de Souza

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivos Traçar o perfil do abandono do tratamento de pacientes com transtornos alimentares (TA em um serviço especializado e investigar os fatores associados. Métodos Estudo transversal com delineamento quantitativo do tipo comparativo. Todos os prontuários de pacientes atendidos pelo serviço, entre 1982 e 2013, foram revisados para coletar dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e antropométricos (no primeiro e último atendimento, e resultado do tratamento. Os dados foram analisados pelo programa SPSS e R. Foram utilizados testes qui-quadrado de Pearson, exato de Fisher, não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney e análise de regressão logística. Resultados Dos pacientes, 66,7% abandonaram o tratamento (Grupo Abandono – GA e 33,3% tiveram outros resultados (Grupo Não Abandono – GNA. No GA, a maioria era do sexo feminino, de Ribeirão Preto e região, estudantes, solteiros, com escolaridade mínima do nível fundamental e com anorexia nervosa (AN. Houve associação significativa com o abandono nas variáveis Hipótese Diagnóstica (p = 0,049, Comorbidades Psiquiátricas (p = 0,001, Depressão (p = 0,048, Transtornos de Personalidade (p = 0,001, Comorbidades Clínicas (< 0,001 e Osteopenia (p = 0,007. No GA, eles tinham peso adequado e ausência de amenorreia, tanto no início quanto no final do seguimento. O estado nutricional adequado e a ausência de comorbidades clínicas se associaram com o abandono. Conclusões A taxa de abandono do serviço é alta e pacientes nessa condição eram adultos jovens, tinham diagnóstico de AN, longo tempo de sintomas antes do início do tratamento e estavam há menos de seis meses no seguimento. Estudos prospectivos poderão contribuir para pesquisas dirigidas ao abandono do seguimento desses pacientes, buscando melhor compreensão dessas doenças e seu tratamento.

  19. Fatores associados a baixa adesao ao tratamento medicamentoso em idosos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noemia Urruth Leao Tavares

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO : Analisar fatores associados à baixa adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso em idosos. MÉTODOS : Estudo transversal de base populacional, com amostra representativa de 1.593 indivíduos com 60 anos ou mais, residentes na região urbana de Bagé, RS, em 2008. A amostragem foi realizada em múltiplos estágios. Os dados foram coletados em entrevistas individuais nos domicílios. Analisou-se a associação entre a baixa adesão referida ao tratamento medicamentoso mensurado pelo Brief Medication Questionnaire (BMQ e fatores demográficos, socioeconômicos, comportamentais e de saúde, assistência e prescrição. Foi utilizado modelo de regressão de Poisson para estimar as razões de prevalência bruta e ajustada, os respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95% e p-valor (teste de Wald. RESULTADOS : Cerca de 78,0% dos indivíduos referiram ter usado algum medicamento nos sete dias precedentes à entrevista. Desses, cerca de 1 / 3 foram considerados com baixa adesão ao tratamento. Os fatores significativamente associados à baixa adesão foram: idade (65 a 74 anos, não ter plano de saúde, ter que comprar (totalmente ou em parte os seus medicamentos, ter três ou mais morbidades, possuir incapacidade instrumental para a vida diária e usar três ou mais medicamentos. CONCLUSÕES : A utilização elevada de medicamentos, decorrente da alta prevalência de doenças crônico-degenerativas em idosos, e o acesso ao tratamento devem ser considerados pelos profissionais de saúde para adoção de estratégias que visem diminuir a baixa adesão ao tratamento, aumentando a resolutividade terapêutica e a qualidade de vida desses pacientes.

  20. Response of &apos;Nagpur&apos; mandarin, &apos;Mosambi&apos; sweet orange and &apos;Kagzi&apos; acid lime to gamma radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ladaniya, M.S. E-mail: mslngp@nagpur.dot.net.in; Singh, Shyam; Wadhawan, A.K

    2003-07-01

    The effects of irradiation dose and refrigerated storage conditions on &apos;Nagpur&apos; mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco), &apos;Mosambi&apos; sweet orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) and &apos;Kagzi&apos; acid lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) were investigated. Mature fruits of these three species were treated with 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 kGy radiation. &apos;Nagpur&apos; mandarin and &apos;Mosambi&apos; sweet oranges were stored at 6-7 deg. C and 90-95% r.h. for 75 and 90 days, respectively, while &apos;Kagzi&apos; acid limes were stored at 8{+-}1 deg. C and 90-95% r.h. for 90 days. Physico-chemical parameters, sensory attributes and respiration rate were measured besides losses and disorders. In &apos;Nagpur&apos; mandarin, radiation dose upto 1.5 kGy did not cause any rind disorder. Radiation treatments did not reduce the extent of decay. Penicillium rot was delayed in fruit treated with 1.5 kGy, while it appeared early in 0 kGy. Irradiation doses were ineffective to control rots due to Botryodiplodia theobromae and Alternaria citri. Doses upto 1.5 kGy did not cause any significant effect on fruit firmness and juice content; however, total soluble solids increased, while titratable acidity and vitamin &apos;C&apos; content decreased. Texture and flavour scores as recorded after a week, were not affected by irradiation except in 1.5 kGy. In &apos;Mosambi&apos; sweet orange, radiation treatments caused peel disorder in the form of brown sunken areas after 90 days and reduced fruit firmness, acidity and vitamin C content. The TSS content was higher in treated fruit. Flavour and texture were not affected by the doses of irradiation used. In treated acid limes (mature yellow), weight loss and decay were higher than untreated fruit (0 kGy) although difference was non-significant. Juice, TSS, titratable acidity and vitamin C contents were significantly less in treated fruit than in 0 kGy. Texture and flavour scores were also less in treated fruit than in 0 kGy. The

  1. Bookshelf (&apos;&apos;Neutrons, Nuclei and Matter&apos;&apos;, by J. Byrne)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hansen, P.G.

    1994-01-01

    Time was when a neophyte wanting to do experiments with neutrons would be told first to read D.J. Hughes&apos; classic &apos;&apos;Pile Neutron Research&apos;&apos; (1952). The book by J. Byrne is in many respects a modern equivalent, although if you were to send your student away with it, you will risk not seeing him or her again for a considerable time. What is immediately striking is that the book, rich in information and quite long, is cross-disciplinary and touches essentially all the main areas of modern physics. It covers parts of particle physics, such as the internal structure of the neutron, time-reversal violation as revealed by the (still hypothetical) electric dipole moment of the neutron, and the coupling constants for the weak interaction. From the field of basic quantum physics there are chapters on neutron optics, wave phenomena with neutrons and on the applications of these in solid-state physics. Other chapters again delve deeply into nuclear structure, nuclear reaction theory, as well as their applications: nuclear reactors and nuclear energy. At a time with specialization rampant and many physicists tending to believe that venturing outside their own cloisters is uninteresting and even dangerous, it is a pleasure to come across a book that is basically just about physics. J. Byrne of Sussex has for long been active in neutron research at the British-French-German Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) research reactor in Grenoble, where he has worked on subjects such as weak interactions and fundamental symmetries. He has clearly intended &apos;&apos;Neutrons, Nuclei and Matter&apos;&apos; as a vade-mecum that will allow the practitioner to find the necessary information and formulas. But I believe that many others not directly engaged in neutron research will gain new insight from its many examples. To take just one case, I had not been aware of the simple physical principles that permit cold neutrons to be stored in a bottle. (The main point is that a

  2. Distribution of ApoE polymorphisms in the Lur population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    farhad shahsavar

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: The results indicate that the frequency of ApoE polymorphisms has total similar features reported in the Iranian population, but it is still unique by increasing or decreasing some frequencies in the Lur population.

  3. Room temperature ferromagnetic-like response in &apos;'bulk'&apos; Y-doped CeO{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rakhmatullin, R.M. [Institute of Physics, Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya 18, 420008 Kazan (Russian Federation); Sen, S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)

    2017-05-15

    Strong ferromagnetic-like response is observed at room temperature in &apos;'bulk'&apos;- and nano-crystalline Y-doped CeO{sub 2}. The saturation magnetization for &apos;'bulk'&apos; (∝600 nm) crystallites of CeO{sub 2} doped with 25 at.% Y is more than an order of magnitude higher compared to its nanocrystalline (∝10 nm) counterpart. High frequency electron spin resonance and {sup 89}Y nuclear magnetic resonance measurements indicate clustering of electronic defects in the &apos;'bulk'&apos; crystallites. The remarkable size dependence of the magnetic behavior likely originates from a collective magnetic response of defect-lined nanodomain interfaces in the &apos;'bulk'&apos; crystallites, consistent with the giant orbital paramagnetism model. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  4. Progress Report: DE-FG03-97ER20274, &apos;&apos;Microbial Production of Isoprene&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ray Fall

    2002-03-13

    We have discovered that microorganisms produce and emit the hydrocarbon isoprene (2-methyl-1,3-butadiene), and have suggested that if isoprene-producing enzymes and their genes can be harnessed, useful hydrocarbon-producing systems might be constructed. The main goal of the proposed work is to establish the biochemical mechanism and regulation of isoprene formation in the bacterial system, Bacillus subtilis. Specific objectives of the proposed work are the following: (A) to characterize the physiological regulation of isoprene formation in B. subtilis; (B) to characterize mutations in B. subtilis 168 that suppress isoprene formation, clone these genes, and determine how isoprene and isoprenoid carbon flow are regulated; and (C) to test &apos;'overflow'&apos; and &apos;'signaling'&apos; models for Bacillus isoprene formation. We are also pursuing the isolation and cloning of B. subtilis isoprene synthase, which we believe may be a regulatory enzyme.

  5. Design and implementation of a &apos;'cheese'&apos; phantom-based Tomotherapy TLD dose intercomparison

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schiefer, Hans; Buchauer, Konrad; Heinze, Simon [Medical Physics Group, Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Gallen (Switzerland); Henke, Guido; Plasswilm, Ludwig [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Gallen (Switzerland)

    2015-11-15

    The unique beam-delivery technique of Tomotherapy machines (Accuray Inc., Sunnyvale, Calif.) necessitates tailored quality assurance. This requirement also applies to external dose intercomparisons. Therefore, the aim of the 2014 SSRMP (Swiss Society of Radiobiology and Medical Physics) dosimetry intercomparison was to compare two set-ups with different phantoms. A small cylindrical Perspex phantom, which is similar to the IROC phantom (Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core, Houston, Tex.), and the &apos;'cheese'&apos; phantom, which is provided by the Tomotherapy manufacturer to all institutions, were used. The standard calibration plans for the TomoHelical and TomoDirect irradiation techniques were applied. These plans are routinely used for dose output calibration in Tomotherapy institutions. We tested 20 Tomotherapy machines in Germany and Switzerland. The ratio of the measured (D{sub m}) to the calculated (D{sub c}) dose was assessed for both phantoms and irradiation techniques. The D{sub m}/D{sub c} distributions were determined to compare the suitability of the measurement set-ups investigated. The standard deviations of the TLD-measured (thermoluminescent dosimetry) D{sub m}/D{sub c} ratios for the &apos;'cheese'&apos; phantom were 1.9 % for the TomoHelical (19 measurements) and 1.2 % (11 measurements) for the TomoDirect irradiation techniques. The corresponding ratios for the Perspex phantom were 2.8 % (18 measurements) and 1.8 % (11 measurements). Compared with the Perspex phantom-based set-up, the &apos;'cheese'&apos; phantom-based set-up without individual planning was demonstrated to be more suitable for Tomotherapy dose checks. Future SSRMP dosimetry intercomparisons for Tomotherapy machines will therefore be based on the &apos;'cheese'&apos; phantom set-up. (orig.) [German] Die einzigartige Bestrahlungstechnik mit Tomotherapie-Bestrahlungsgeraeten (Accuray Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA) erfordert spezifische

  6. &apos;Minergie&apos; as an opportunity for trade; &apos;Minergie&apos; als Chance fuer das Gewerbe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, R.; Buergi, H.; Hotz, R.

    2000-07-01

    This collection of short articles is dedicated to the promotion of the Swiss &apos;Minergie&apos; building standard, covering the following points: &apos;Minergie&apos; - a standard for the future; well-insulated and air-tight - two of the three main &apos;Minergie&apos; requirements; solar collectors as a &apos;Minergie&apos; component; radiators for low-energy-consumption buildings; hot water from the sun on six out of seven days; the &apos;Minergie&apos; module as a factor for success; the &apos;Habitus&apos; ventilation unit - a new Swiss product. The first contribution introduces the &apos;Minergie&apos; Standard. Its application in the building and building technical services trades offers from considerable advantages and opportunities for profit. The Standard, which aims to increase the comfort and reduce the energy consumption of buildings, is introduced and the basic principles involved, including energy usage figures, are discussed. A second contribution describes two of the three main requirements for reaching the &apos;Minergie&apos; Standard, air-tightness and good thermal insulation. The main advantage of the standard - a higher level of comfort - is emphasised and an example is given. The third short article takes a look at the use of thermal solar collectors as a source of heat in &apos;Minergie&apos; buildings. A solution involving a combined solar heating and hot-water supply is discussed. The fourth contribution discusses the use of low-temperature radiators in &apos;Minergie&apos; buildings. Examples are given of heat requirements calculation and the factors involved in dimensioning the radiators are discussed. A fifth article describes a commercially available compact solar hot-water system and discusses questions of solar fraction. Returning to basic aspects, the sixth contribution introduces a labelling system for the various components of a &apos;Minergie&apos; building - such as ventilation units, insulation material, radiators, boilers etc

  7. Optimal &apos;'image-based'&apos; weighting for energy-resolved CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, Taly Gilat [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 (United States)

    2009-07-15

    This paper investigates a method of reconstructing images from energy-resolved CT data with negligible beam-hardening artifacts and improved contrast-to-nosie ratio (CNR) compared to conventional energy-weighting methods. Conceptually, the investigated method first reconstructs separate images from each energy bin. The final image is a linear combination of the energy-bin images, with the weights chosen to maximize the CNR in the final image. The optimal weight of a particular energy-bin image is derived to be proportional to the contrast-to-noise-variance ratio in that image. The investigated weighting method is referred to as &apos;'image-based'&apos; weighting, although, as will be described, the weights can be calculated and the energy-bin data combined prior to reconstruction. The performance of optimal image-based energy weighting with respect to CNR and beam-hardening artifacts was investigated through simulations and compared to that of energy integrating, photon counting, and previously studied optimal &apos;'projection-based'&apos; energy weighting. Two acquisitions were simulated: dedicated breast CT and a conventional thorax scan. The energy-resolving detector was simulated with five energy bins. Four methods of estimating the optimal weights were investigated, including task-specific and task-independent methods and methods that require a single reconstruction versus multiple reconstructions. Results demonstrated that optimal image-based weighting improved the CNR compared to energy-integrating weighting by factors of 1.15-1.6 depending on the task. Compared to photon-counting weighting, the CNR improvement ranged from 1.0 to 1.3. The CNR improvement factors were comparable to those of projection-based optimal energy weighting. The beam-hardening cupping artifact increased from 5.2% for energy-integrating weighting to 12.8% for optimal projection-based weighting, while optimal image-based weighting reduced the cupping to 0

  8. Phases of the string theory effective potential during the &apos;'radiation-like'&apos; cosmological era

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estes, J. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique de l' Ecole Normale Superieure, 24, rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

    2010-07-15

    We study the effects of the quantum-thermal effective potential on internal moduli in the context of perturbative string cosmology throughout the &apos;'radiation-like'&apos; cosmological era. Based on the work done in references[6,7] and a talk given at the Workshop on Cosmology and Strings, Corfu Institute, Greece, Sept 11, 2009. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  9. In vivo imaging of &apos;'neuroinflammation'&apos;. Principles and applications; In-vivo-Darstellung &apos;'neuroinflammatorischer'&apos; Veraenderungen mit [{sup 11}C] PK11195-PET. Grundlagen und Anwendung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerhard, A.; Banati, R.B. [MRC Clinical Sciences Centre and Div. of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial Coll., London (United Kingdom)

    2002-09-01

    Microglia are the brains&apos; resident immunocompetent cells that can be activated by acute as well as chronic pathological stimuli. When activated they express the peripheral benzodiazepine binding site to which the isoquinolin PK11195 binds with high specificity. Labelled with [{sup 11}C], the R-enatiomer [{sup 11}C] PK1195 has been used for positron emission tomography (PET) studies to demonstrate neuroinflammatory changes in vivo. [{sup 11}C](R) PK11195-PET has been successfully used to show in vivo microglial activation in ischemic (stroke), inflammatory (multiple sclerosis) and degenerative (Alzheimer&apos;s and Parkinson&apos;s disease). Longitudinal studies are in progress to help to clarify the relationship between localisation and extent of microglial activation and the clinical presentations in these disorders. This will help to determine the role of [{sup 11}C](R) PK11195 PET as a diagnostic tool and a surrogate marker of &apos;'neuroinflammation'&apos; in therapeutic trials. (orig.) [German] Mikroglia sind residente immunkompetente Zellen des Gehirns, die durch akute, aber auch langsam voranschreitende, chronische Schaedigungprozesse aktiviert werden. Im aktivierten Zustand exprimieren sie den peripheren Benzodiazepinrezeptor, an den das Isoquinolin PK11195 spezifisch bindet. Radioaktiv markiert kann das R-Enantiomer [{sup 11}C] PK11195 als Ligand in der Positronenemissionstomographie (PET) genutzt werden und ermoeglicht so die In-vivo-Darstellung aktiver &apos;'neuroinflammatorischer'&apos;, d.h. die Mikroglia aktivierender, Veraenderungen. Mit der [{sup 11}C](R) PK11195-PET konnte bisher In-vivo-Mikrogliaaktivierung bei ischaemischen (Schlaganfall), entzuendlichen (multiple Sklerose) und degenerativen (Morbus Alzheimer- und Parkinson-Erkrankung) demonstriert werden. Laufende longitudinale Studien werden dazu beitragen, die Beziehung zwischen Lokalisation und Ausmass der Mikrogliaaktivierung und klinischer Krankheitsauspraegung

  10. &apos;Chaos&apos; in superregenerative receivers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Commercon, Jean-Claude [INSA, Department d' Informatiques, Ba-hat t B. Pascal, 20 Avenue Albert Einsten, 69621 Villeurbaune (France)]. E-mail: jean-claude.commercon@insa-lyon.fr; Badard, Robert [INSA, Department d' Informatiques, Bat B. Pascal, 20 Avenue Albert Einsten, 69621 Villeurbaune (France)]. E-mail: robert.badard@insa-lyon.fr

    2005-02-01

    The superregenerative principle has been known since the early 1920s. The circuit is extremely simple and extremely sensitive. Today, superheterodyne receivers generally supplant superregenerative receivers in most applications because there are several undesirable characteristics: poor selectivity, reradiation, etc. Superregenerative receivers undergo a revival in recent papers for wireless systems, where low cost and very low power consumption are relevant: house/building meters (such as water, energy, gas counter), personal computer environment (keyboard, mouse), etc. Another drawback is the noise level which is higher than that of a well-designed superheterodyne receiver; without an antenna input signal, the output of the receiver hears in an earphone as a waterfall noise; this sound principally is the inherent input noise amplified and detected by the circuit; however, when the input noise is negligible with respect of an antenna input signal, we are faced to an other source of &apos;noise&apos; self-generated by the superregenerative working. The main objective of this paper concerns this self-generated noise coming from an exponential growing followed by a re-injection process for which the final state is a function of the phase of the input signal.

  11. Regulation imposed to nuclear facility operators for the elaboration of &apos;waste studies&apos; and &apos;waste statuses&apos;; Reglementation imposee aux exploitants d&apos;installations nucleaires pour l&apos;elaboration &apos;&apos;des etudes dechets&apos;&apos; et &apos;&apos;des bilans dechets&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-09-04

    This decision from the French authority of nuclear safety (ASN) aims at validating the new versions of the guidebook for the elaboration of &apos;waste studies&apos; for nuclear facilities and of the specifications for the elaboration of &apos;waste statuses&apos; for nuclear facilities. This paper includes two documents. The first one is a guidebook devoted to nuclear facility operators which fixes the rules of production of waste studies according to the articles 20 to 26 of the inter-ministry by-law from December 31, 1999 (waste zoning conditions and ASN&apos;s control modalities). The second document concerns the specifications for the establishment of annual waste statuses according to article 27 of the inter-ministry by-law from December 31, 1999 (rational management of nuclear wastes). (J.S.)

  12. Internet of &apos;'printed'&apos; Things: low-cost fabrication of autonomous sensing nodes by inkjet printing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kawahara, Yoshihiro

    2014-01-01

    &apos;&apos;What if electronics devices are printed using an inkjet printer even at home?&apos;&apos; &apos;&apos;What if those devices no longer need a battery?&apos;&apos; I will introduce two enabling technologies for the Internet of Things concept. 1. Instant Inkjet Circuits: A low cost, fast and accessible technology to support the rapid prototyping of electronic devices. We demonstrated that &apos;'sintering-free'&apos; silver nano particle ink with a commodity inkjet printer can be used to fabricate printed circuit board and high-frequency applications such as antennas and sensors. The technology is now commercialized by AgIC, Inc. 2. Wireless Power: Although large amounts of data can be exchanged over a wireless communication link, mobile devices are still tethered by power cables. We are trying to solve this problem by two different approaches: energy harvesting. A simple circuitry comprised of diodes and capacitor can convert ambient radio signals into DC current. Our research revealed the signals from TV tower located 6.5km apart could be used to feed 100 microwatts to power microcontrollers

  13. Application of biopreparation &apos;'Rhoder'&apos; for remediation of oil polluted polar marshy wetlands in Komi Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murygina, V.P.; Kalyuzhnyi, S.V. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation). Dept. of Chemical Enzymology; Markarova, M.Y. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Komi (Russian Federation). Institute of Biology

    2005-02-01

    This paper describes the testing and corresponding results of the preparation &apos;'Rhoder'&apos; in comparison with several other bioremediation variants during the field trials in Komi Republic throughout 2002-2003. All bioremediation trials were performed on one vast polar marshy wetland polluted by accidental crude oil spill and uncovered by grass. After application of the &apos;'Rhoder'&apos; at the site, with an area of {approx} 2000 m{sup 2}, during the cold and rainy summer of 2002 (1.5 months), the level of oil contamination decreased by 20-51%, depending on initial oil pollution (458-738 g/kg dry weight of soil). In the middle of September 2002, the treated site was covered by 70-85% with green grass. Though, during 2003, the &apos;'Rhoder'&apos; treatment was not practised, at the end of August 2003, the site was already covered by 85-95% with green grass and the level of oil contamination further decreased by 54-79% from the initial level of oil pollution at the beginning of 2002. These results were much better compared to those from other bioremediation variants applied at this spill. (author)

  14. Olho seco: etiopatogenia e tratamento Dry eye: etiopathogenesis and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Carrara Fonseca

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Olho seco é uma doença multifatorial das lágrimas e da superfície ocular que resulta em desconforto, distúrbios visuais e instabilidade do filme lacrimal. É uma desordem comum que afeta principalmente adultos e mulheres e que pode causar impacto na qualidade de vida comparável a enxaqueca, dispnéia e insuficiência renal crônica, dependendo dos sintomas ou complicações que a acompanham. Novos conceitos com relação à fisiopatologia, classificação e tratamento têm sido apresentados e devem ser conhecidos pelos oftalmologistas pela sua larga aplicação no dia-a-dia. Estima-se que haja 100 medicações diferentes em uso para olho seco atualmente, além de outros métodos de tratamento, sendo necessário se estabelecer o que é realmente seguro e eficaz. Este texto faz uma revisão sobre etiopatogênese e tratamento da síndrome do Olho Seco.Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of tears and ocular surface that causes discomfort, visual disturbance and tear film instability. It is a common disorder that affects specially adults and women and can cause quality of life impairment comparable to migraine, shortness of breath and chronic renal insufficiency, depending on its symptoms or complications. New concepts regarding physiopathology, classification and treatment have been presented and should be known by ophthalmologists because of their relevance on day-by-day application. There are about 100 different medications currently in use for dry eye besides other methods of treatment, so it is necessary to establish what is really safe and effective for dry eye. This paper presents a review about Dry Eye Syndrome etiopathogenesis and treatment.

  15. Fatores de risco cardiovascular em alcoolistas em tratamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayla Cardoso Fernandes Toffolo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a presença de fatores de risco cardiovascular, com ênfase na hipertensão e na adiposidade corporal, em alcoolistas abstinentes ou não abstinentes em tratamento. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 65 pacientes alcoolistas em tratamento no CAP-Sad. O grau de dependência do álcool foi avaliado pelo SADD (Short Alcohol Dependence Data e o uso de outras drogas, pelo ASSIST (Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. Foram avaliados o perfil bioquímico e o antropométrico dos usuários. RESULTADOS: Participaram do estudo 42 homens e 23 mulheres. A maioria dos participantes (67,74% apresentou dependência alcoólica grave, com uso de álcool associado principalmente a cigarro (66,15%. A média da circunferência da cintura (CC foi significativamente maior entre os abstinentes, em comparação aos não abstinentes (AB: 88,15 ± 15,95 x NA: 81,04 ± 9,86; p = 0,03. Pacientes abstinentes há mais tempo tiveram maior sobrepeso/obesidade e adiposidade abdominal (CC do que os não abstinentes e abstinentes recentes, com razão de chances de 5,25. Os abstinentes apresentaram razão de chances de 3,38 para %GC acima da média, independente do tempo de abstinência. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes alcoolistas abstinentes apresentam mais sobrepeso/ obesidade, adiposidade corporal (%GC e abdominal (CC do que os não abstinentes. É importante o acompanhamento multiprofissional no tratamento de alcoolistas com abordagem para fatores de risco cardiovasculares, principalmente evitando o ganho de peso.

  16. nova estratégia para o tratamento da hipercolesterolemia

    OpenAIRE

    Torrinha, José Maria de Queiroz e Lencastre Fleming

    2015-01-01

    Projeto de Pós-Graduação/Dissertação apresentado à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Ciências Farmacêuticas As doenças cardiovasculares são uma das principais causas de morbilidade e mortalidade a nível mundial. Neste enquadramento, um dos principais fatores de risco associado às doenças cardiovasculares é a hipercolesterolemia. As opções farmacológicas existentes para o tratamento e prevenção desta dislipidemia centram-se, sobretudo,...

  17. O estresse ocupacional e as formas alternativas de tratamento.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandra Carla Silva

    2016-08-01

    encontrada é a dificuldade que os colaboradores têm enfrentado em conciliar as exigências do trabalho e a vida particular, o que acarreta transtornos como o estresse, desmotivando-o no trabalho. A solução para a problemática identificada foi apresentar tratamentos alternativos para empresas, afim de que seus colaboradores tenham mais qualidade de vida, prevendo doenças como o estresse e melhorando seu desempenho e aumentando a produtividade e lucratividade da empresa.

  18. Estabilidade do tratamento da mordida aberta com ajuste oclusal

    OpenAIRE

    Marcus Vinicius Crepaldi

    2008-01-01

    O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar cefalométrica e clinicamente a estabilidade em longo prazo do tratamento da mordida aberta anterior por meio do ajuste oclusal, bem como a sensibilidade dentinária causada por esse procedimento em longo prazo. A amostra consistiu de 17 pacientes dentre mais de 4000 pacientes tratados nos cursos de Pós-Graduação (Latu e Strictu sensu) da Disciplina de Ortodontia da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru - USP, com mordida aberta anterior e que haviam sido previ...

  19. Realidade virtual aplicada ao tratamento da ansiedade social

    OpenAIRE

    Pinheiro, Tânia Cristina Martins

    2012-01-01

    Trabalho de projecto de mestrado em Engenharia Informática (Engenharia de Software), apresentado à Universidade de Lisboa, através da Faculdade de Ciências, 2012 A ansiedade social é uma patologia debilitante que prejudica e diminui a qualidade de vida. O tratamento existe e ´e composto por várias terapias realizadas em simultâneo, sendo uma delas a terapia de exposição¸. Com a evolução tecnológica, surgiu a possibilidade de aplicar a Realidade Virtual `a terapia de exposição¸ (Terapia de ...

  20. Tratamento das cefaléias Treatment of headaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Dias Gherpelli

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: realizar revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema tratamento da cefaléia na infância e adolescência. Fontes dos dados: revisão bibliográfica através do banco de dados Medline, utilizando os termos: cefaléia, enxaqueca ou migrânea, infância ou adolescência e tratamento, no período de 1966 a 2001, excluindo artigos de revisão e registros de casos. Foram selecionados artigos científicos que relataram estudos sobre a eficácia da terapêutica farmacológica e não farmacológica no tratamento das cefaléias primárias. Síntese dos dados: foram encontrados 104 artigos científicos, sendo selecionados aqueles que relataram estudos do tipo caso-controle, ou droga versus placebo, cegos ou abertos, e que estudassem crianças ou adolescentes. Conclusões: é digna de nota a pobreza de estudos controlados sobre o tema na faixa etária pediátrica, apesar da importância que as cefaléias primárias apresentam na prática clínica. Apenas algumas drogas foram estudadas de forma cientificamente adequada e, mesmo assim, o número de estudos é pequeno. Tanto o tratamento da crise álgica aguda quanto a profilaxia da cefaléia foram abordados.Objective: to perform a bibliographic review about headache treatment in childhood and adolescence. Sources: articles were searched through Medline database using the terms: migraine, or headache, childhood, or adolescence, and treatment, during the period between 1966 and 2001. Review articles and case reports were excluded. Only articles dealing with pharmacological, and non-pharmacological treatment of primary headaches were selected. Summary of the findings: a total of 104 articles were found; only those reporting results of the case-control studies, or drug vs. placebo, either blind, or open, and that included children, or adolescents were selected. Conclusions: only a few controlled studies about the headache treatment were found in the pediatric age group, although primary headaches are

  1. California Says&apos;'Go'&apos; to Energy-Saving Traffic Lights

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2004-05-01

    DOE&apos;s State Energy Program published this case study in conjunction with the California Energy Commission. It describes the growing use of traffic lights employing the technology of light emitting diodes, or LEDs. Such traffic lights use less energy and produce a brighter illumination.

  2. &apos;&apos;1/f noise&apos;&apos; in music: Music from 1/f noise

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voss, R.F.; Clarke, J.

    1978-01-01

    The spectral density of fluctuations in the audio power of many musical selections and of English speech varies approximately as 1/f (f is the frequency) down to a frequency of 5 x 10/sup -4/ Hz. This result implies that the audio-power fluctuations are correlated over all times in the same manner as &apos;&apos;1/f noise&apos;&apos; in electronic components. The frequency fluctuations of music also have a 1/f spectral density at frequencies down to the inverse of the length of the piece of music. The frequency fluctuations of English speech have a quite different behavior, with a single characteristic time of about 0.1 s, the average length of a syllable. The observations on music suggest that 1/f noise is a good choice for stochastic composition. Compositions in which the frequency and duration of each note were determined by 1/f noise sources sounded pleasing. Those generated by white-noise sources sounded too random, while those generated by 1/f/sup 2/ noise sounded too correlated.

  3. Idiopathic midline destructive disease (IMDD): a subgroup of patients with the &apos;&apos;midline granuloma&apos;&apos; syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsokos, M.; Fauci, A.S.; Costa, J.

    1982-02-01

    &apos;&apos;Midline granuloma syndrome&apos;&apos; encompasses a number of specific clinicopathologic entities, such as &apos;'Wegener&apos;s granulomatosis, midline malignant reticulosis, lymphoma, nasal carcinoma and a broad spectrum of infectious diseases. In the course of studying a number of patients presenting with destructive lesions of the upper respiratory tract, 11 cases emerged as having unique clinicopathologic features. These are: 1) presence of locally destructive lesions which are always restricted to the upper respiratory tract. 2) Absence of systemic disease during a follow-up period of six months to 18 years (mean 7.3 years). On examination of repeated biopsy specimens the histopathologic picture consisted of acute and chronic inflammation with variable amounts of necrosis. Granulomata were seen in one case. Malignant or atypical cells were invariably absent. Frank vasculitis was not seen, although in five of the patients inflammatory cells in the wall of small vessels were conspicuous 4) Inability to demonstrate an infectious origin by culture or special stains. Radiation therapy has proven effective in patients with this entity, for which the term &apos;&apos;Idiopathic Midline Destructive Disease&apos;&apos; (IMDD) is proposed.

  4. Tratamento da epilepsia na infância com mogadon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio B. Lefèvre

    1969-06-01

    Full Text Available São analisados os resultados obtidos com o emprego do Mogadon em 68 casos de epilepsia em crianças (34 com síndrome de West, 14 com epilepsia tipo P.M. ausência simples e 20 com formas atípicas de P.M., todos rebeldes aos tratamentos convencionais experimentados em várias combinações, e durante tempo variável, porém quase sempre bastante longo. A maioria dos pacientes apresentava intenso retardamento psicomotor, provavelmente decorrente da longa evolução não controlada da epilepsia. Os resultados foram muito bons no que diz respeito ao controle das crises (100% em 28, 75% em 22, 50% em 10, 25% em um e nulo apenas em 7 casos. O resultado sôbre o desenvolvimento psicomotor foi menos brilhante, pois poucos pacientes melhoraram com o controle das crises. Os efeitos colaterais foram pouco importantes, tendo sido nulos em 41; em 23 foi notada sonolëncia (em dois acompanhada de ataxia; em 4 houve queixa de insônia controlável com barbitúricos. O seguimento após o tratamento variou de 6 a 18 meses.

  5. Craniotomia descompressiva bifrontal no tratamento do edema cerebral grave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter C. Pereira

    1977-06-01

    Full Text Available São apresentados os resultados obtidos com craniotomia descompressiva bifrontal ampla em 12 doentes com edema cerebral grave e irreversível com os métodos convencionais de tratamento, provocado em 10 por traumatismo crânio-encefálico. Todos os pacientes apresentavam quadro neurológico muito grave, com sinais de comprometimento do tronco cerebral superior. Angiografia caro-tídea bilateral foi praticada sistematicamente, tanto no pré como no pós-operatório, constituindo-se no fator decisivo para a indicação cirúrgica. Seis (50% dos doentes sobreviveram, apresentando 5 (41,6% recuperação neurológica e psíquica praticamente totais. Levando em conta estes resultados, consideramos esta técnica cirúrgica o melhor recurso de tratamento em tais casos, máxime se indicada precocemente. São necessários, contudo, cuidados pós-operatórios especiais com estes pacientes, que devem, sempre que possível, ser mantidos em unidade de terapia intensiva, em virtude da grande incidência de complicações, mormente respiratórias.

  6. Fadiga em idosos em tratamento quimioterápico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thalyta Cristina Mansano-Schlosser

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisa com delineamento transversal, realizada de agosto a dezembro de 2010, que objetivou identificar a presença e intensidade da fadiga em 140 idosos (média de idade 69,8 anos, 52,1% do sexo feminino com diagnóstico de câncer, em tratamento quimioterápico ambulatorial. Utilizou-se um questionário para caracterização sociodemográfica e clínica e a Escala de Fadiga de Piper-revisada. Identificou-se a presença de fadiga em 60 idosos (42,9% e a causa atribuída foi o câncer (64,1%, a quimioterapia (32,8% e o tratamento (3,1%. Como fator de alívio, os idosos entrevistados relataram "dormir", "rezar" e "morrer", enquanto 45% deles disseram "não ter o que fazer", pois a fadiga não poderia ser aliviada. Espera-se que este estudo alerte os profissionais de enfermagem para a relevância da fadiga e os estimule a identificar e realizar intervenções de enfermagem que visem o adequado manejo desse sintoma no paciente idoso oncológico.

  7. Study and designing of the &apos;'caliprax'&apos; measurement bench; Etude et realisation du banc &apos;'caliprax'&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barriere, J.Ch

    2001-09-01

    Probing the matter in order to check its elementary constituents, that is the goal of the particle physic. In this field, the experiments consist in colliding highly energetic particle beams and observing the new born particles. These observations are based on big particle detectors whose running is dependant on the precise knowledge of their geometry (position of the detection chambers). To achieve this, the detectors are equipped with alignment sensors, which have to be calibrated before. This document describes the study and the making of a calibration bench for the &apos;Praxial&apos; (PRoximity AXIAL) type sensors, and other works related to these sensors. In a first part, we determine and apply a method to set the tools used to fix the sensor stands on the detection chambers. These settings are made with the use of a tridimensional measuring machine. Then, we study the stands themselves. These investigations concern mechanics: positioning quality of the sensors in their stands, bending of the supports due to the tightening. In this part too, the studies are in the field of dimensional metrology. After this, the works are reoriented toward the bench, with the choice of the displacement sensors among two different technologies: optical, with the Rasnik system, and mechanical, with linear probes as LVDT (Linear Variable Differential Transformer). Following the discovery of an ambiguity on the Rasnik system, we go on the tests to understand its behaviour. We introduce the theory of the alignment sensors calibration, which is based on a minimization calculation. The computer programs are explained in a chapter, and in an other, the implementation of the quality assurance procedures. An other part describes the mechanical studies and the problems they cause. Because of a delay onset of the project, we make a model of the bench. This dummy allows us to test every single function of the final bench. With this device, we record manually the first calibration data and

  8. Efetividade do tratamento da tuberculose Effectiveness of tuberculosis treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Nazareth Fernandes da Paz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as estratégias que influenciam a efetividade do tratamento da tuberculose em Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS. MÉTODOS: Levantamento epidemiológico, descritivo, retrospectivo, envolvendo os prontuários médicos de 588 pacientes com tuberculose cadastrados no programa de controle da tuberculose, entre janeiro de 2004 e dezembro de 2008, em duas UBS - Centro de Saúde Escola do Marco (CSEM e UBS da Pedreira (UBSP - localizadas na cidade de Belém (PA. Os critérios de exclusão foram ter idade 59 anos e ter alta por transferência ou mudança de diagnóstico. Os dados coletados foram idade, sexo, tipo de tratamento (autoadministrado ou supervisionado, coinfecção por HIV e desfecho do tratamento. Os profissionais de saúde envolvidos no programa da tuberculose das duas UBS foram entrevistados quanto às estratégias utilizadas no controle da doença e à rotina de atendimento. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferenças significativas quanto a idade, sexo e coinfecção com HIV nas duas UBS. A utilização de tratamento supervisionado foi significativamente maior no CSEM que na UBSP, assim como a taxa de cura, enquanto a taxa de abandono foi maior na UBSP que no CSEM. CONCLUSÕES: Para pacientes cadastrados em programas de controle da tuberculose em UBS no Brasil, o tratamento supervisionado provavelmente é uma estratégia de extrema importância para se alcançar uma menor taxa de abandono.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the treatment strategies that influence the effectiveness of tuberculosis treatment at primary care clinics (PCCs in Brazil. METHODS: This was a descriptive, retrospective epidemiological survey based on the medical records of 588 tuberculosis patients enrolled in the tuberculosis control programs at two PCCs located in the city of Belém, Brazil: Centro de Saúde Escola do Marco (CSEM and Unidade Básica de Saúde da Pedreira (UBSP. The survey was limited to patients enrolled between January of 2004 and December of 2008

  9. Tratamento adjuvante nos GISTs Adjuvant treatment in GISTs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laercio Gomes Lourenço

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O tumor estromal gastrointestinal (GIST é o sarcoma mais comum do aparelho digestivo. Essa neoplasia ocorre devido à mutação do gene KIT com consequente ativação constitutiva da proteína KIT. O tratamento primário é cirúrgico e consiste na sua ressecção completa. Entretanto, alguns grupos de pacientes apresentam risco elevado de recorrência mesmo após operação com ressecção completa (R0, indicando diferenças no comportamento biológico. Estudos clínicos comprovaram a atividade clínica do mesilato de imatinibe, fazendo dele a primeira linha de tratamento padrão nos GISTs metastáticos ou irressecáveis, mudando muito o desfecho clínico dessa doença em relação aos benefícios anteriormente obtidos com a quimioterapia antineoplásica. MÉTODO: Foi realizada revisão da literatura com consulta nos periódicos das bases Medline/Pubmed, Scielo e Lilacs cruzando os descritores: tumor estromal gastrointestinal, Gist, tratamento, adjuvância. Além desta revisão foi adicionada a experiência pessoal dos autores. CONCLUSÃO: Melhor refinamento dos critérios de prognóstico tem permitido selecionar de forma mais adequada pacientes para o tratamento adjuvante com imatinibe. Os resultados de maior evidência até o momento respaldam o tratamento adjuvante por um ano, o que produz benefício significativo na sobrevida livre de recidiva, mas não na sobrevida global desses pacientes.INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST is the most common sarcoma of the digestive tract. This cancer occurs due to mutation of the KIT gene resulting in constitutive activation of KIT protein. The primary treatment is surgical and consists of complete resection. However, some groups of patients at high risk of recurrence even after surgery with complete resection (R0, indicate differences in biological behavior. Clinical studies have demonstrated the clinical activity of imatinib mesylate, making it the standard first

  10. Plasmalogen modulation attenuates atherosclerosis in ApoE- and ApoE/GPx1-deficient mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmiena, Aliki A; Barlow, Christopher K; Stefanovic, Nada; Huynh, Kevin; Tan, Ricardo; Sharma, Arpeeta; Tull, Dedreia; de Haan, Judy B; Meikle, Peter J

    2015-12-01

    We previously reported a negative association of circulating plasmalogens (phospholipids with proposed atheroprotective properties) with coronary artery disease. Plasmalogen modulation was previously demonstrated in animals but its effect on atherosclerosis was unknown. We assessed the effect of plasmalogen enrichment on atherosclerosis of murine models with differing levels of oxidative stress. Six-week old ApoE- and ApoE/glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx1)-deficient mice were fed a high-fat diet with/without 2% batyl alcohol (precursor to plasmalogen synthesis) for 12 weeks. Mass spectrometry analysis of lipids showed that batyl alcohol supplementation to ApoE- and ApoE/GPx1-deficient mice increased the total plasmalogen levels in both plasma and heart. Oxidation of plasmalogen in the treated mice was evident from increased level of plasmalogen oxidative by-product, sn-2 lysophospholipids. Atherosclerotic plaque in the aorta was reduced by 70% (P = 5.69E-07) and 69% (P = 2.00E-04) in treated ApoE- and ApoE/GPx1-deficient mice, respectively. A 40% reduction in plaque (P = 7.74E-03) was also seen in the aortic sinus of only the treated ApoE/GPx1-deficient mice. Only the treated ApoE/GPx1-deficient mice showed a decrease in VCAM-1 staining (-28%, P = 2.43E-02) in the aortic sinus and nitrotyrosine staining (-78%, P = 5.11E-06) in the aorta. Plasmalogen enrichment via batyl alcohol supplementation attenuated atherosclerosis in ApoE- and ApoE/GPx1-deficient mice, with a greater effect in the latter group. Plasmalogen enrichment may represent a viable therapeutic strategy to prevent atherosclerosis and reduce cardiovascular disease risk, particularly under conditions of elevated oxidative stress and inflammation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. A case relapsing into so-called &apos;'carcinosarcoma'&apos; following radiation therapy for hypopharyngeal cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitajima, Naoharu; Fujita, Hiroyuki; Kitamura, Koichi; Inoue, Hitoshi; Horiguchi, Satoshi; Suzuki, Mamoru [Tokyo Medical Coll. (Japan); Ichimura, Akihide; Yoshida, Tomoyuki [Tokyo Medical Coll. (Japan). Hachioji Medical Center

    2002-08-01

    We encountered so-called &apos;'carcinosarcoma,'&apos; i.e., mixed carcinoma and sarcoma in the same tissue. A 73-year-old man attained &apos;'complete'&apos; recovery (CR) in chemotherapy and radiation therapy for moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx, classified as T2N0M0. During follow-up, an irregular grayish white mass of 3 cm was detected. Based on a diagnosis of recurrent hypopharyngeal carcinoma, we conducted pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy, bilateral modified dissection, and reconstruction with a free jejunal graft. The resected specimen, stained with HE, was histopathologically determined to be squamous cell carcinoma with styloid cornification tendency, whereas spindle cells markedly proliferated over the entire mass. On immunohistological staining, sarcomatous spindle cells were positive for EMA and cytokeratin, showing they were derived from the epithelium, resulting in a definite diagnosis of so-called carcinosarcoma&apos;&apos; thought to result from transformation from squamous cell carcinoma to the sarcomatous tumor due to radiation therapy. This patient has remained relapse-free in the 3.5 years since the last operation. (author)

  12. &apos;Dose-painting&apos;: Myth or reality?; &apos;Dose-painting&apos;: mythe ou realite?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Supiot, S.; Paris, F. [Service de radiotherapie, centre Rene-Gauducheau, 44 - Nantes-St-Herblain (France); Centre de recherche sur le cancer Nantes-Angers (CRCNA), institut de recherche therapeutique, universite de Nantes, 44 - Nantes (France); Inserm UMR 892, 44 - Nantes (France); Lisbona, A. [Centre de recherche sur le cancer Nantes-Angers (CRCNA), institut de recherche therapeutique, universite de Nantes, 44 - Nantes (France); Inserm UMR 892, 44 - Nantes (France); Service de radiophysique, centre Rene-Gauducheau, 44 - Nantes-St-Herblain (France); Azria, D. [Service de radiotherapie, centre Val d' Aurelle Paul-Lamarque, 34 - Montpellier (France); Fenoglietto, P. [Service de radiophysique, centre Val d' Aurelle Paul-Lamarque, 34 - Montpellier (France)

    2010-10-15

    &apos;Dose-painting&apos; radiotherapy allows for a heterogeneous delivery of radiation within the tumour volume by targeting radioresistant areas defined by functional imaging. Within gross tumour volume, it is possible to define one or more target volumes based on biology (biological target volume [BTV]) and to apply a strategy of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) that will deliver a higher dose to these regions. In this review of the literature, we will highlight the biological elements responsible for radioresistance, and how to image them, then we will detail the radiotherapy techniques necessary for this approach, before presenting clinical results in various situations (head and neck tumours, prostate, brain tumours, etc.). Despite many difficulties that make dose-painting IMRT unusable in routine nowadays, biology-guided radiation therapy represents one of the major pathways of development of radiotherapy in the coming years. (authors)

  13. &apos;'Routine'&apos; brain CT in psychiatric patients - does it make sense?; &apos;'Routine'&apos;-Schaedel-CT in der psychiatrischen Diagnostik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pickuth, D.; Heywang-Koebrunner, S.H.; Spielmann, R.P. [Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Diagnostische Radiologie

    1999-11-01

    Purpose: To prospectively assess the spectrum of brain CT findings in psychiatric patients and to determine the number of patients that had an underlying cause for the symptoms. Patients and methods: Over a period of six months, 142 patients (78 males, 64 females; median age 61 [18-91] years) were referred for CT brain scans. Their scans were reviewed, along with the clinical information that was provided in the request form. All the hard copies were reviewed to assess areas of ischaemia, infarction, atrophy, tumours, and haematomas. The majority of requests were to exclude vascular event or space-occupying lesions. Clinical indications included mood disorders (depression, mania), schizophrenic disorders, dementia, personality and behavioural disorders. Results: 31 (22%) were normal. 111 (78%) had varying degrees of ischaemia, infarction and cerebral/cerebellar atrophy. 7 (4.9%) had space-occupying lesions which included two gliomas and five meningiomas. There were two chronic subdural haematomas and one arteriovenous malformation. Conclusion: 1. In our series, pathologic findings in &apos;routine&apos; brain CT&apos;s were encountered in 78%. 2. The incidence of brain tumours was 4.9%, compared with 0.00005% of the general population. 3. CT scanning in psychiatric patients is cost-effective and especially indicated when there is an atypical presentation, or inadequate response to standard treatment. (orig.) [German] Hintergrund: Bei psychiatrischen Patienten wird vielerorts routinemaessig eine kraniale Computertomographie (CCT) durchgefuehrt. Ob der Nutzen die Kosten rechtfertigt, wurde im Rahmen einer Prospektivstudie untersucht. Patienten und Methode: In einem Zeitraum von 6 Monaten wurde bei 142 psychiatrischen Patienten (78 Maenner, 64 Frauen, 18-91 Jahre, Median 61 Jahre) ein CCT angefertigt. Die Untersuchung erfolgt nativ in 5-mm-Schichtdicke, bei klinischem Verdacht auf eine intrakraniale Raumforderung auch kontrastverstaerkt. Ueberweisungsdiagnosen waren v

  14. Tratamento cirúrgico do megaesôfago recidivado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Braga de Aquino

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico em uma série de pacientes submetidos ao tratamento prévio para megaesôfago que evoluíram com recidiva de sintomas. MÉTODO: Analisou-se os resultados das diversas técnicas operatórias realizadas em 47 pacientes pelo Serviços de Cirurgia Geral e Torácica do HMCP-PUC-Campinas. A morbidade pós-cirúrgica, mortalidade, o alívio ou nova recidiva de sintomas e o tempo de seguimento foram os principais indicadores. Dividiu-se a série em três grupos, de acordo com o grau da afecção: Incipiente (nove casos, Não-avançado (18 casos e avançado (20 casos. As técnicas operatórias utilizadas foram: à cardiomiectomia com fundoplicatura anterior, esofagocardioplastia à Tahl, esofagocardioplastia à Serra-Dória, Esofagectomia Subtotal e Mucosectomia com conservação da túnica muscular esofágica. RESULTADOS: Obteve-se índices de resolutividade satisfatórios com a técnica de cardiomiectomia com fundoplicatura para o megaesôfago Incipiente, com baixa morbidade. Nos megaesôfago não-avançado, as cardiopatias, em especial a esofagocardioplastia à Serra-Dória mostram se mais adequadas. A terapêutica do megaesôfago avançado apresentou as maiores taxas de morbidade e demonstrou superioridade das técnicas mais agressivas em relação às técnicas conservadoras, em especial a mucosectomia com preservação da túnica muscular, sendo esta a técnica com menor morbidade dentro do grupo avançado. CONCLUSÃO: A difícil padronização do tratamento cirúrgico do megaesôfago recidivado deve-se às inúmeras técnicas disponíveis, às habilidades pessoais dos cirurgiões e atenta para a criação de protocolos terapêuticos.

  15. Câncer do colo de útero: efeitos do tratamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Fernandez Frigo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O Câncer incide sobre a população de forma avassaladora, em função da transição demográfica, bem como do aumento da exposição da população a agentes cancerígenos no meio ambiente. O câncer de colo de útero é a segunda neoplasia mais comum entre as mulheres. As modalidades terapêuticas, no decorrer de suas aplicações, levam a diversas disfunções uroginecológicas consequentes dos procedimentos cirúrgicos e demais terapias. Objetivo: investigar a ocorrência de disfunções uroginecológicas, após o tratamento do câncer de colo de útero. Método: a pesquisa desenvolvida foi do tipo, descritiva com abordagem quantitativa, sendo do tipo não probabilística acidental. Participaram da pesquisa nove mulheres no período climatérico, que realizaram tratamento do câncer do colo de útero cirúrgico ou conservador há, no máximo, cinco anos. Foi aplicado a ficha de avaliação e o inventário de satisfação sexual. Resultado: verificou-se, através dos dados, que a radioterapia foi o tratamento mais utilizado entre as participantes. Pode-se verificar que o Câncer de colo de útero acarreta algumas disfunções uroginecológica em mulheres portadoras desta patologia. Considerações finais: neste estudo, pode-se analisar os efeitos que o Câncer de colo de útero acarretou nas participantes desta pesquisa, ocasionando algumas disfunções como dispareunia, estenose, vaginismo, diminuição da lubrificação, incontinência urinária, incontinência fecal e linfedema.

  16. Energia solar no tratamento de corante têxtil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Farias Silva

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available As indústrias utilizam a água em todo o seu processo, desperdiçando enormes volumes de água gerando efluentes com altos índices de produtos químicos, precisando de tratamento para ser reutilizado ou lançado no meio ambiente. Nesse contexto, o presente trabalho foi realizado no Laboratório de Engenharia Ambiental e de Qualidade na Universidade Federal de Pernambuco objetivando-se a degradação de corante utilizados nas indústrias têxtis através do uso da energia solar como alternativa de tratamento de efluente. Nesta pesquisa os testes fotocatalíticos foram realizados com o catalisador em pó (TiO2 - P25, contendo o corante têxtil Remazol Amarelo Ouro RNL (RGY ou sem catalisador nos testes de fotólise. Foram testados dois tipos de radiação, a artificial e a energia solar (natural. Para avaliar a descoloração e a degradação das amostras, a Espectroscopia UV-visível foi a principal técnica analítica empregada como também realizadas análises de Carbono Orgânico Total (COT e Demanda Química de Oxigênio (DQO. Nas 6 (seis analises realizadas obteve-se um elevado índice de remoção da cor do corante, superior a 97%, com alta eficiência do processo com uma significativa redução da COT e da DQO. Os métodos utilizados foram eficientes na descoloração do RGY, como também na sua degradação, tornando-se uma técnica inovadora com o uso da energia solar para o tratamento de efluentes têxteis.Palavras-chave: efluente industrial, alternativa sustentável, degradação do remazol amarelo ouro, descoloração de efluente

  17. Tratamento nutricional dos transtornos alimentares Nutritional treatment of eating disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Romero Latterza

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Pacientes com transtornos alimentares possuem inadequações profundas no consumo, padrão e comportamento alimentar, além de diversas crenças equivocadas sobre alimentação, o que geralmente acarreta piora do estado nutricional. O tratamento nutricional visa a reverter tais alterações e promover hábitos alimentares saudáveis e melhor relação para com o alimento. Os objetivos e características do tratamento diferem para a anorexia nervosa e a bulimia nervosa, contudo, usualmente, a abordagem é dividida em duas fases: a educacional, cujas principais metas são a regularização do hábito alimentar e o aumento do conhecimento nutricional, e a experimental, que visa a propiciar maior reabilitação nutricional e mudanças mais profundas no comportamento alimentar. As evidências existentes sugerem que o tratamento nutricional promove a melhora de tais parâmetros, porém, alguns comportamentos alimentares, como a sensação de incompetência ao lidar com os alimentos, permanecem. Desta forma, mais estudos são necessários para que se possa de fato avaliar a eficácia da abordagem nutricional.Patients with eating disorders have disturbed food intake, food pattern, food behavior, and mistaken beliefs about food and nutrition, which can worsen nutritional status. The nutritional treatment aims to revert such alterations and to promote better food habits and relationship with food. The objectives and characteristics of the treatment are different for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, but usually the approach has two phases: the educational phase, whose major goals are regularization of food habits and increase of nutrition knowledge; and the experimental phase, whose targets are better nutritional rehabilitation and more complex improvements of nutritional behavior. Evidence suggests that nutritional treatment can ameliorate such parameters, but some inadequate food behaviors remain, such as feeling of incompetence while dealing with

  18. Cisto dentígero: modalidades de tratamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubens Caliento

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O cisto dentígero é o segundo cisto odontogênico mais frequente nos maxilares. É uma lesão benigna, derivada do epitélio odontogênico da coroa de um dente não erupcionado, porém de etiopatogenia incerta. São geralmente radiotransparentes e, mais comumente, uniloculares. Estas lesões são observadas em exames de rotina ou quando não ocorre o irrompimento de um dente permanente. Os terceiros molares inferiores e os caninos superiores são os dentes mais acometidos, sendo também alta a ocorrência desta lesão em dentes supranumerários e associados a odontomas. O cisto dentígero ocorre principalmente nas três primeiras décadas de vida, tendo um crescimento lento e assintomático; pode atingir dimensões consideráveis, causando deformidade facial, impactação e deslocamento de dentes e/ou estruturas adjacentes. OBJETIVO: Definição das técnicas de marsupialização e enucleação, bem como consideração de critérios objetivos importantes para o plano de tratamento, como tamanho do cisto, idade, proximidade com estruturas anatômicas e importância clínica do dente envolvido. Apesar das peculiaridades clínicas de cada caso e do método de tratamento escolhido, o prognóstico destas lesões é favorável, quando se emprega apropriada terapêutica. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: O presente estudo apresentará um relato de caso tratado através da manobra de descompressão seguida de enucleação, bem como uma discussão acerca das modalidades de tratamento. RESULTADO: O paciente encontra-se em pós-operatório de dois anos sem sinais de recidiva da lesão e ausência de parestesias em face. CONCLUSÃO: A técnica empregada preservou a função neurossensorial e mostrou-se eficiente para a cura da lesão.

  19. The adductor magnus &apos;'mini-hamstring'&apos;: MRI appearance and potential pitfalls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broski, Stephen M.; Murthy, Naveen S.; Collins, Mark S. [Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Krych, Aaron J. [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Obey, Mitchel R. [Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education, Rochester, MN (United States)

    2016-02-15

    To examine the anatomic MRI characteristics of the adductor magnus mini hamstring (AMMH) and explore its involvement in cases of hamstring avulsion. An IRB-approved retrospective review of patients undergoing &apos;&apos;hamstring protocol&apos;&apos; MRI between March 2009 and June 2014 was performed. Two musculoskeletal radiologists recorded multiple AMMH anatomic characteristics and involvement in cases of hamstring avulsion. Seventy-six AMMHs were analyzed in 66 patients [35 females and 31 males, mean age 49.3 ± 15.2 years (range 17-81)]. Eleven percent of AMMHs were poorly visualized, 51 % visualized, and 37 % well visualized. Seven percent demonstrated round, 73 % ovoid, and 21 % flat/lenticular tendon morphologies. Most (88 %) demonstrated typical origins. Average cross-sectional area (CSA) was 22.4 ± 10.6 mm{sup 2} (range 6-56), diameter was 7.2 ± 2.5 mm (range 2.9-15), medial distance from the semimembranosus tendon was 7.5 ± 2.5 mm (range 3-14), and tendon length was 6.8 ± 3.3 cm (range 1.2-14.1). There was no gender difference in AMMH anatomic measurements or correlation between age and CSA or diameter. Of 17 complete hamstring avulsion cases, the AMMH was intact in 13, partially torn in 3, and completely torn in 1. The AMMH is a constant finding with variable anatomic characteristics. It is visualized or well visualized by MRI in 88 % of cases and is a sizable tendon located in close proximity to the semimembranosus tendon. Because it is uncommonly completely torn (6 %) in cases of complete hamstring avulsion, radiologists should be aware of its presence and appearance to avoid diagnostic confusion. (orig.)

  20. &apos;&apos;Atomic Optics&apos;&apos;: Nonimaging Optics on the Nanoscale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roland Winston Joseph O' Gallagher

    2005-01-15

    This is the final report for a one year close out extension of our basic research program that was established at the University of Chicago more than sixteen years ago to explore and develop the optical sub-discipline that has come to be known as &apos;&apos;nonimaging optics&apos;&apos;. This program has been extremely fruitful, having both broadened the range of formalism available for workers in this field and led to the discovery of many new families of optical devices. These devices and techniques have applications wherever the efficient transport and transformation of light distributions are important, in particular in illumination, fiber optics, collection and concentration of sunlight, and the detection of faint light signals in physics and astrophysics. Over the past thirty years, Nonimaging Optics (Welford and Winston, 1989) has brought a fresh approach to the analysis of many problems in classical macro-scale optics. Through the application of phase-space concepts, statistical methods, thermodynamic arguments, etc., many previously established performance limits were able to be broken and many technical surprises with exciting practical applications were discovered. The most recent three-year phase of our long-term continuing program ended in late 2002 and emphasized extending our work in geometrical optics and expanding it to include some interesting questions in physical optics as well as in the new field of statistical optics. This report presents a survey of the basic history and concepts of nonimaging optics and reviews highlights and significant accomplishments over the past fifteen years. This is followed by a more detailed summary of recent research directions and accomplishments during the last three years. This most recent phase was marked by the broadening in scope to include a separate project involving a collaboration with an industrial partner, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). This effort was proposed and approved in

  1. Developing &apos;'SMART'&apos; equipment and systems through collaborative NERI research and development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HARMON,DARYL L.; CHAPMAN,LEON D.; GOLAY,MICHAEL W.; MAYNARD,KENNETH P.; SPENCER,JOSEPH W.

    2000-06-05

    The United States Department of Energy initiated the Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI) to conduct research and development with the objectives of: (1) overcoming the principal technical obstacles to expanded nuclear energy use, (2) advancing the state of nuclear technology to maintain its competitive position in domestic and world markets, and (3) improving the performance, efficiency, reliability, and economics of nuclear energy. Fiscal Year 1999 program funding is $19 Million, with increased finding expected for subsequent years, emphasizing international cooperation. Among the programs selected for funding is the ``Smart Equipment and Systems to Improve Reliability and Safety in Future Nuclear Power Plant Operations&apos;&apos;. This program is a 30 month collaborative effort bringing together the technical capabilities of ABB C-E Nuclear Power, Inc. (ABB CENP), Sandia National Laboratories, Duke Engineering and Services (DE and S), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Pennsylvania State University (PSU). The program&apos;s goal is to design, develop and evaluate an integrated set of smart equipment and predictive maintenance tools and methodologies that will significantly reduce nuclear plant construction, operation and maintenance costs. To accomplish this goal the Smart Equipment program will: (1) Identify and prioritize nuclear plant equipment that would most likely benefit from adding smart features; (2) Develop a methodology for systematically monitoring the health of individual pieces of equipment implemented with smart features (i.e. smart equipment); (3) Develop a methodology to provide plant operators with real-time information through smart equipment Man-Machine Interfaces (MMI) to support their decision making; (4) Demonstrate the methodology on a targeted component and/or system; (5) Expand the concept to system and plant levels that allow communication and integration of data among smart equipment. This paper will discuss (1

  2. Outcomes in diabetic foot ulcer patients with isolated T2 marrow signal abnormality in the underlying bone: should the diagnosis of &apos;'osteitis'&apos; be changed to &apos;&apos;early osteomyelitis&apos;&apos;?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Duryea, Dennis; Bernard, Stephanie; Flemming, Donald; Walker, Eric; French, Cristy

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the variability of clinical treatment and outcomes based on reporting of diabetic foot ulcer MRI findings of adjacent marrow T2 hyperintensity with normal T1 signal. A retrospective review was conducted of 46 MRI examinations evaluating diabetic foot ulcers that demonstrated normal T1 marrow signal, but T2 marrow hyperintensity deep to the ulcer. The cohort was divided based on MRI report impressions into three groups; &apos;&apos;osteitis without osteomyelitis&apos;&apos; (OW), &apos;&apos;osteitis but cannot exclude early osteomyelitis&apos;&apos; (OCEO) and &apos;&apos;early osteomyelitis&apos;&apos; (EO). Patient demographics (age, gender) and accessory MRI findings of ulcer and sinus tract depth were recorded. Initial clinical assessment and medical treatment (route and duration of antibiotics), healing versus disease progression and histology or microbiology results were recorded. The isolated marrow T2 signal hyperintensity was reported as OW in 12 patients, OCEO in 18, and EO in 16. No statistical difference in clinical assessment was demonstrated between the OW, OCEO, and EO groups. Pathological condition was available in 15 patients within 0-7 days (mean 2.4 days) of the MRI examination, with 14 (93%) of these positive for osteomyelitis by histopathology or positive cultures. Initial diagnosis of or progression to osteomyelitis was shown in 28 patients (61%). Treatment of suspected osteomyelitis is heavily determined by clinical factors. Patients who initially demonstrate only T2 marrow signal abnormality under a diabetic ulcer are eventually diagnosed as osteomyelitis in 61% of cases and deserve aggressive treatment as early osteomyelitis when meeting clinical parameters. (orig.)

  3. Outcomes in diabetic foot ulcer patients with isolated T2 marrow signal abnormality in the underlying bone: should the diagnosis of &apos;'osteitis'&apos; be changed to &apos;&apos;early osteomyelitis&apos;&apos;?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duryea, Dennis; Bernard, Stephanie; Flemming, Donald; Walker, Eric; French, Cristy [Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Department of Radiology, H066, 500 University Drive, PO Box 850, Hershey, PA (United States)

    2017-10-15

    To evaluate the variability of clinical treatment and outcomes based on reporting of diabetic foot ulcer MRI findings of adjacent marrow T2 hyperintensity with normal T1 signal. A retrospective review was conducted of 46 MRI examinations evaluating diabetic foot ulcers that demonstrated normal T1 marrow signal, but T2 marrow hyperintensity deep to the ulcer. The cohort was divided based on MRI report impressions into three groups; &apos;&apos;osteitis without osteomyelitis&apos;&apos; (OW), &apos;&apos;osteitis but cannot exclude early osteomyelitis&apos;&apos; (OCEO) and &apos;&apos;early osteomyelitis&apos;&apos; (EO). Patient demographics (age, gender) and accessory MRI findings of ulcer and sinus tract depth were recorded. Initial clinical assessment and medical treatment (route and duration of antibiotics), healing versus disease progression and histology or microbiology results were recorded. The isolated marrow T2 signal hyperintensity was reported as OW in 12 patients, OCEO in 18, and EO in 16. No statistical difference in clinical assessment was demonstrated between the OW, OCEO, and EO groups. Pathological condition was available in 15 patients within 0-7 days (mean 2.4 days) of the MRI examination, with 14 (93%) of these positive for osteomyelitis by histopathology or positive cultures. Initial diagnosis of or progression to osteomyelitis was shown in 28 patients (61%). Treatment of suspected osteomyelitis is heavily determined by clinical factors. Patients who initially demonstrate only T2 marrow signal abnormality under a diabetic ulcer are eventually diagnosed as osteomyelitis in 61% of cases and deserve aggressive treatment as early osteomyelitis when meeting clinical parameters. (orig.)

  4. &apos;Action 2016&apos;: AREVA&apos;s strategic action plan; AREVA presente son Plan d&apos;Actions Strategique &apos;Action 2016&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marie, Patricia; Briand, Pauline; Floquet-Daubigeon, Fleur; Michaut, Maxime; De Scorbiac, Marie; Du Repaire, Philippine

    2011-12-13

    On December 13, 2011, Luc Oursel, CEO, and Pierre Aubouin, Chief Financial Officer presented the group&apos;s strategic plan for the period 2012-2016. The plan has been drawn up collectively and is based on a thorough-going analysis and a realistic assessment of perspectives for all group activities and associated resources. Development of nuclear and renewable energies: the fundamentals are unchanged. In this context, the German decision remains an isolated case and the great majority of nuclear programs around the world have been confirmed. More conservative in its projections than the International Energy Agency, the group expects growth of 2.2% annually, reaching 583 GW of installed nuclear capacity by 2030, against 378 GW today. However, the Fukushima accident will lead to delays in launching new programs. &apos;Action 2016&apos; plan aims to consolidate AREVA&apos;s leadership in nuclear energy and become a leading player in renewable energy. The group&apos;s strategic action plan &apos;Action 2016&apos; is based on the following strategic choices: - commercial priority given to value creation, - selectivity in investments, - strengthening of the financial structure. These demand an improvement in the group&apos;s performance by 2015. This plan makes nuclear safety a strategic priority for the industrial and commercial performance of the group. This ambitious performance plan for the period 2012-2016 will give the group the wherewithal to withstand a temporary slowdown in the market resulting from the Fukushima accident and to deliver safe and sustainable growth of the business. The plan sets out the strategic direction for the group&apos;s employees for the years ahead: taking advantage of the expected growth in nuclear and renewable energies, targeted investment programs, and return to self-financing as of 2014

  5. Role of apoCs in lipoprotein metabolism : Functional differences between ApoC1, ApoC2, and ApoC3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, M.C.; Hofker, M.H.; Havekes, L.M.

    1999-01-01

    The human apoCs (ie, apoC1, apoC2, and apoC3) are often portrayed as members of 1 consistent protein family because of their similar distributions among lipoprotein classes, their low molecular weights, and coincident purification. The human apoCs are protein constituents of chylomicrons, VLDL, and

  6. Thuya occidentalis CH12 como tratamento alternativo da papilomatose canina

    OpenAIRE

    QUEIROZ, F.F.; RODRIGUES, A.B.F.; DI FILIPPO, P.A.; ALMEIDA, A.J.; SILVEIRA, L.S.

    2015-01-01

    RESUMO A papilomatose é uma doença de natureza crônica e pode causar tumores epiteliais e na mucosa. Não possui predileção por sexo, raça ou idade, mas comumente aparece em animais jovens. As lesões papilares ocorrem principalmente na mucosa bucal, nos lábios, língua e da faringe, além destes, também são encontradas na forma ocular e cutânea. Este estudo teve como objetivo relatar a eficácia da Thuya occidentalis CH12, uma medicação homeopática de uso comum, no tratamento de cães com papiloma...

  7. Dieta cetogênica no tratamento de epilepsias farmacorresistentes

    OpenAIRE

    Nonino-Borges,Carla Barbosa; Bustamante,Vera Cristina Terra; Rabito,Estela Iraci; Inuzuka,Luciana Midoro; Sakamoto,Américo Ceike; Marchini,Júlio Sérgio

    2004-01-01

    A epilepsia é uma condição clínica crônica correspondente a um grupo de doenças que tem em comum crises epilépticas; ela atinge de 0,5% a 1,0% da população dos países desenvolvidos, podendo esta prevalência ser maior nos países em desenvolvimento. Aproximadamente um terço dos pacientes evolui com crises epilépticas intratáveis com medicamentos; em alguns casos, é possível o tratamento cirúrgico. Nos pacientes em que cirurgia não é possível, a dieta cetogênica passa a ser uma opção terapêutica...

  8. Adesão ao tratamento no transtorno bipolar

    OpenAIRE

    Santin,Aida; Ceresér,Keila; Rosa,Adriane

    2005-01-01

    O transtorno bipolar (TB) é uma doença crônica, recorrente, presente em 1,5% da população, estando associada a altas taxas de mortalidade e prejuízos socioeconômicos. O lítio, a carbamazepina e o ácido valpróico são os estabilizadores de humor mais usados. Em tratamentos prolongados, como é o caso do TB, a má-adesão dos pacientes é uma das maiores dificuldades. Verifica-se que fatores ligados ao paciente, aos medicamentos e aos médicos possam ser responsáveis pela baixa adesão. A psicoeducaçã...

  9. Carie dentaria e necessidades de tratamento em adolescentes paulistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Luz Rosario de Sousa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de cárie dentária e necessidades de tratamento em crianças de 12 anos e adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com base nos resultados dos levantamentos epidemiológicos Condições de Saúde Bucal no Estado de São Paulo em 2002 e Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde Bucal (SBBrasil 2010. Foram analisados os dados secundários de 5.782 crianças (2002 de 12 anos e outras 369 (2010; e para a faixa de 15 a 19 anos foram analisados 880 jovens (2002 e 300 jovens em 2010. A experiência de cárie foi avaliada pelo índice CPOD (dentes cariados, perdidos e obturados e foram verificadas as necessidades de tratamento odontológico segundo os critérios propostos pela Organização Mundial da Saúde. O índice Significant Caries Index foi empregado para medir a severidade da cárie no terço do grupo que apresentou maior prevalência da doença. Para a análise dos resultados utilizaram-se os testes de Qui-quadrado e Mann-Whitney, com nível de 5% de significância. RESULTADOS: Houve diminuição de 39,3 pontos percentuais no índice CPOD aos 12 anos (p < 0,001 e de 41,1 pontos percentuais nos adolescentes (p < 0,001 entre 2002 e 2010, e aumento de aproximadamente 161,0 pontos percentuais e 303,0 pontos percentuais no grupo livres de cárie, respectivamente. A porcentagem de dentes restaurados diminuiu nos dois grupos etários, mas a prevalência de dentes cariados não se alterou para o grupo de alta experiência de cárie. No grupo de baixa experiência de cárie ocorreu diminuição do componente perdido para os adolescentes e aumento do componente cariado aos 12 anos e adolescentes. Houve aumento da necessidade de tratamento endodôntico no grupo total e no de alta experiência de cárie aos 12 anos; e entre os adolescentes a necessidade de restauração de duas ou mais faces diminuiu no grupo todo e também no de baixa experiência. CONCLUSÕES: A diminuição da necessidade de tratamento de baixa complexidade entre

  10. Report of working committee 3 &apos;&apos;liquefied gases&apos;&apos;; Rapport du comite de travail 3 &apos;&apos;gaz liquefies&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baudino, M.

    2000-07-01

    Working Committee 3&apos;s report concerns the evolution of the liquefied gas industry: both liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied petroleum gases (LPG). Given the current state of the LNG market the Committee decided to concentrate on this area in particular. A number of aspects have been identified which the Committee has been looking at, while others have been given to Study Groups set up specifically for the purpose. The first aspects regard: - the development of LNG and LPG, new installations, future chains and relevant statistical data; - the role of LNG and LPG in starting up a gas industry; - operating and technological improvements in the LNG industry; - energy savings, cold utilization and reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions. The Study Groups which were set up dealt with the following subjects: Technological and Economical Developments for cost Reduction of LNG/LPG Facilities. Small Scale LNG Projects and Modular Systems. LNG/LPG Peak Shaving and Satellite Plants. LNG versus Pipeline Infrastructure. (author)

  11. Profilaxia para tromboembolia venosa em uma unidade de tratamento intensivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BARRETO SÉRGIO SALDANHA MENNA

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Identificar o nível de risco e a prática de profilaxia para TEV em pacientes hospitalizados em um centro de tratamento intensivo (CTI. Métodos: A amostra foi constituída por pacientes admitidos no CTI-HCPA entre dezembro de 1997 e fevereiro de 1998. Foram excluídos pacientes em tratamento com anticoagulantes ou que apresentavam contra-indicações para uso de heparina. Os critérios utilizados para determinação dos fatores de risco para TEV e sua estratificação em níveis de risco seguiram parâmetros estabelecidos em consensos internacionais. O estudo não foi de conhecimento do pessoal médico da unidade. Resultados: Foram analisados 180 pacientes, com média de idade de 58 anos (± 16,5. Os fatores de risco mais freqüentes foram: idade ³ 40 anos (85,0%, grande cirurgia (47,8%, infecção torácica ou abdominal (22,8%. Dois ou mais fatores de risco simultâneos estiveram presentes em 146 (81% casos. Na avaliação do risco para TEV, 142 (79% foram classificados como risco moderado/alto. Medidas profiláticas foram prescritas para 102 pacientes (57%, sendo a heparina utilizada em 60% dos casos de risco moderado ou alto. Evidenciou-se uma associação significativa entre o aumento do nível de risco e do número de fatores de risco com o aumento do uso de profilaxia (p < 0,05. Conclusão: Fatores de risco para TEV foram freqüentes na amostra estudada. No entanto, 40% dos pacientes com risco moderado/alto não receberam profilaxia farmacológica para TEV.

  12. Tratamento nutricional da bulimia nervosa Nutritional therapy for bulimia nervosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marle dos Santos Alvarenga

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available A bulimia nervosa é um transtorno alimentar caracterizado por compulsões alimentares e métodos compen-satórios recorrentes. Os pacientes apresentam ingestão alimentar inadequada e comportamentos alimentares disfuncionais. O adequado tratamento do transtorno requer uma equipe multiprofissional e terapia nutricional especializada. Compreender as características desse transtorno, os padrões de consumo e o comportamento alimentar, bem como atentar para as atitudes alimentares dos pacientes, é fundamental para o planejamento e para a adequada condução da abordagem nutricional. A terapia nutricional para esse transtorno é diferenciada, exigindo do nutricionista maiores habilidades de aconselhamento nutricional. Educação nutricional e acon-selhamento nutricional, com ênfase na abordagem de atitudes alimentares e insatisfação corporal, são o foco da terapia nutricional. Para o atendimento eficaz desses pacientes e o sucesso no tratamento nutricional, é importante que o profissional se mantenha atualizado sobre nutrição e transtornos alimentares e procure especialização e experiência nessa área do conhecimento.Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating and compensatory behaviors. The patients present inappropriate food intake and dysfunctional eating behaviors. Proper treatment of this disorder requires a multidisciplinary team and specialized nutrition therapy. It is fundamental to understand the characteristics of this disorder, the intake patterns and the eating behavior, and be attentive to the eating attitudes of these patients to plan and conduct a nutritional approach properly. The nutrition therapy for this disorder is specific and demands greater skillfulness in nutrition counseling from the dietician. Nutrition therapy focuses on nutrition education and nutrition counseling, mainly addressing eating attitudes and dissatisfaction with body image. The professional must keep abreast on nutrition and

  13. Tratamento cirúrgico da retinopatia diabética

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Alexandre Sabrosa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A retinopatia diabética é a causa mais frequente de cegueira na população ativa nos países desenvolvidos. A prevalência da retinopatia diabética aumenta com a duração da diabetes, e praticamente 100% dos pacientes com diabetes tipo I (DM I e mais do que 60% dos pacientes com o tipo II (DM II apresentarão algum sinal de retinopatia após 20 anos. Além de um controle sistêmico rigoroso dos níveis glicêmicos, lipídicos, colesterol e da pressão arterial, o exame oftalmológico de rotina, com a identificação precoce da retinopatia diabética, podem detectar anormalidades em estágios primários, o que possibilita o tratamento ainda na fase inicial do problema; o uso adequado da fotocoagulação e a utilização da terapia antiangiogênica pode reduzir o número de pacientes com hemorragia vítrea ou descolamento tracional da retina. Infelizmente, em vários pacientes, a retinopatia progride mesmo com as melhores condutas tomadas pelo paciente e pelo oftalmologista, embora vários olhos podem se beneficiar com o tratamento cirúrgico, a vitrectomia posterior via pars plana. Esta revisão apresenta as indicações atuais para cirurgia vitreorretiniana em pacientes portadores de retinopatia diabética proliferativa.

  14. Tratamento Videolaparoscópico de Endometriomas Ovarianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopez Adriana C.S.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: avaliar os resultados do tratamento videolaparoscópico de 32 pacientes com endometrioma ovariano. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo que incluiu trinta e duas pacientes encaminhadas ao setor de Endoscopia Ginecológica do Serviço de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia do Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual "Francisco Morato de Oliveira" - São Paulo, as quais tinham diagnóstico clínico e ultra-sonográfico de endometrioma ovariano e foram tratadas por videolaparoscopia. Onze pacientes com endometriomas com diâmetro menor que 3 cm foram submetidas à drenagem do endometrioma e exérese da cápsula na primeira laparoscopia. Vinte e uma pacientes com endometriomas com diâmetros maior que 3 cm foram submetidas à drenagem do endometrioma e lavagem do cisto na primeira laparoscopia. A seguir, utilizaram análogo do GnRH por quatro meses (1 ampola mensal e então foram submetidas à segunda laparoscopia para retirada da cápsula do endometrioma. O exame histopatológico do material obtido na cirurgia foi realizado em todos os casos. Avaliou-se o resultado imediato do procedimento e a freqüência de recidivas. Resultados: não se registraram intercorrências cirúrgicas ou complicações pós-operatórias. Ocorreram três recidivas em um período de seis a doze meses, todas no grupo de 21 pacientes com endometriomas com o diâmetro maior que 3 cm. Conclusão: o tratamento videolaparoscópico dos endometriomas ovarianos com retirada da cápsula apresenta bons resultados e baixo índice de recidiva.

  15. Tratamento cirúrgico para adenocarcinoma colorretal gigante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Razuk Filho

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: O câncer colorretal acomete cerca de um milhão de pessoas a cada ano no mundo. Corresponde ao quarto tumor mais incidente nos homens e ao terceiro nas mulheres. A patogênese habitual de câncer colorretal é um pólipo adenomatoso que aumenta lentamente em tamanho, seguido pela displasia e, finalmente, o cancro. As diretrizes atuais descrevem diversas modalidades de tratamento cirúrgico do câncer de reto; Objetivos: O objetivo desse trabalho é relatar o caso de um paciente diagnosticado com adenocarcinoma de reto; Metodologia: O presente estudo foi embasado na análise do prontuário, das imagens obtidas por meio de exames subsidiários e do exame anatomopatológico; Relato do Caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 77 anos. Apresenta queixa de sangramento anal assintomático há 20 anos e presença de lesão vegetante, de aproximadamente cinco centímetros, prolapsada pelo anus. O exame anatomopatológico comprovou o diagnostico de Adenocarcinoma de Reto. Foi realizada a Amputação Abdominoperineal do Reto. No segundo dia de pós-operatório, foi a óbito por parada cardiorrespiratória; Conclusões: O caso relatado descreve o tratamento cirúrgico dado à um paciente com o diagnostico de Adenocarcinoma esofágico que faleceu dois dias após a cirurgia;

  16. Thuya occidentalis CH12 como tratamento alternativo da papilomatose canina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.F. QUEIROZ

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO A papilomatose é uma doença de natureza crônica e pode causar tumores epiteliais e na mucosa. Não possui predileção por sexo, raça ou idade, mas comumente aparece em animais jovens. As lesões papilares ocorrem principalmente na mucosa bucal, nos lábios, língua e da faringe, além destes, também são encontradas na forma ocular e cutânea. Este estudo teve como objetivo relatar a eficácia da Thuya occidentalis CH12, uma medicação homeopática de uso comum, no tratamento de cães com papilomatose. Os resultados positivos puderam ser vistos, em alguns casos, já na primeira semana do tratamento, em outros, após vinte dias, e o desaparecimento total das lesões, na maioria dos casos, ocorreu com quinze dias. Alicerçada no princípio da similitude, a homeopatia apóia-se na observação experimental de que toda substância capaz de provocar determinados sintomas em uma pessoa sadia, é capaz de curar estes mesmos sintomas em uma pessoa enferma. A Thuya occidentalis provou ser eficiente contra lesões de papilomavírus canina, e apresentou resultados rápidos e com um valor econômico acessível.

  17. Radiobiological study of the radioprotective activity of a natural Iranian compound, &apos;'Shir-Khecht'&apos;; Etude radiobiologique de l&apos;activite radioprotectrice d&apos;un compose naturel Iranien: le &apos;'Shir-Khecht'&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rouhanizadeh, N. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-01-01

    After reviewing the primary mechanisms of the action of ionizing radiation, the possible mechanisms of the action of radioprotective substances, the various chemical structures having a protective effect and the methods for studying chemical radioprotection, the author presents the results he has obtained with natural Iranian product: &apos;'Shir-Khecht'&apos;. Tests with this product at lethal and sublethal doses have been carried out on the rat using various means of introduction. The effect of radiation, both with and without protection, has been studied using histological and biochemical methods. The product examined has, in effect, a protective action; it is, furthermore, non-toxic and active when taken orally. (author) [French] Apres avoir rappele les mecanismes primaires de l&apos;action des rayonnements ionisants, les mecanismes possibles de l&apos;action des substances radioprotectrices, les diverses structures chimiques possedant un effet protecteur et les methodes d&apos;etude de la radioprotection chimique, l&apos;auteur presente les resultats qu&apos;il a obtenus en utilisant un compose naturel iranien: le &apos;'Shir-Khecht'&apos;. Des essais de ce produit, chez le rat, par diverses voies d&apos;introduction, a dose letale et subletale ont ete effectues. L&apos;effet des radiations, avec et sans protection, a ete etudie a l&apos;aide de methodes histologiques et biochimiques. Le compose essaye possede un pouvoir protecteur; il est, de plus, non toxique et actif par voie orale. (auteur)

  18. Electrolyzed-water generator &apos;SaniBoy&apos;; Eisei jokinsuik kyokyu sochi &apos;SaniBoy&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inoue, M.; Kakiuchi, H.; Muto, K. [Fuji Electric Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-03-10

    In the food industry, injuries due to food poisoning have been increasing. Especially the mass outbreak of food poisoning by Escherichia coli such as O-157 in 1996 gave warning on the importance of food sanitation management. Public efforts such as the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system have been made to prevent food poisoning. Recently, disinfection made by electrolyzing water with some salt added has attracted attention. Fuji Electric has developed the generator &apos;SaniBoy&apos; that produces weak alkaline electrolyzed water without wasting water. The environment-friendly &apos;SaniBoy&apos; will contribute to sanitation in various fields. (author)

  19. EAGLE: &apos;EAGLE&apos;Is an&apos; Algorithmic Graph Library for Exploration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-01-16

    The Resource Description Framework (RDF) and SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language (SPARQL) were introduced about a decade ago to enable flexible schema-free data interchange on the Semantic Web. Today data scientists use the framework as a scalable graph representation for integrating, querying, exploring and analyzing data sets hosted at different sources. With increasing adoption, the need for graph mining capabilities for the Semantic Web has emerged. Today there is no tools to conduct "graph mining" on RDF standard data sets. We address that need through implementation of popular iterative Graph Mining algorithms (Triangle count, Connected component analysis, degree distribution, diversity degree, PageRank, etc.). We implement these algorithms as SPARQL queries, wrapped within Python scripts and call our software tool as EAGLE. In RDF style, EAGLE stands for "EAGLE &apos;Is an&apos; algorithmic graph library for exploration. EAGLE is like &apos;MATLAB&apos; for &apos;Linked Data.&apos;

  20. The new small hydroelectric power plant &apos;Faltenbach&apos; in Oberstdorf in Allgaeu; Das neue Kleinwasserkraftwerk &apos;'Faltenbach'&apos; in Oberstdorf im Allgaeu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamerak, Kurt

    2013-06-01

    Recently, in Oberstdorf (Federal Republic of Germany) the hydroelectric plant &apos;Faltenbach&apos; was put in operation. This hydroelectric power plant covers nearly the half of the electrical base load energy demand of this community. The author of the contribution under consideration reports on the construction of this hydroelectric power plant, restoration measures and technical data of the power plant, turbine and the generator.

  1. Improvement in remote sensing of low vegetation cover in arid regions by correcting vegetation indices for soil &apos;'noise'&apos;

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Escadafal, R.; Huete, A.

    1991-01-01

    The variations of near-infrared red reflectance ratios of ten aridic soil samples were correlated with a &apos;&apos;redness index&apos;&apos; computed from red and green spectral bands. These variations have been shown to limit the performances of vegetation indices (NDVI and SAVI) in discriminating low vegetation covers. The redness index is used to adjust for this &apos;&apos;soil noise&apos;&apos;. Dala simulated for vegetation densities of 5 to 15% cover showed that the sensitivity of the corrected vegetation indices was significantly improved. Specifically, the &apos;'noise-corrected'&apos; SAVI was able to assess vegetation amounts with an error four times smaller than the uncorrected NDVI. These promising results should lead to a significant improvement in assessing biomass in arid lands from remotely sensed data. (author) [fr

  2. &apos;Green&apos; preferences as regulatory policy instrument

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brennan, Timothy J. [Public Policy and Economics, University of Maryland Baltimore County (United States)

    2006-01-01

    We examine here the suggestion that if consumers in sufficient numbers are willing to pay the premium to have power generated using low-emission technologies, tax or permit policies become less necessary or stringent. While there are implementation difficulties with this proposal, our purpose is more fundamental: Can economics make sense of using preferences as a regulatory instrument? If &apos;green&apos; preferences are exogenously given, to what extent can or should they be regarded as a substitute for other policies? Even with &apos;green&apos; preferences, production and consumption of polluting goods continue to impose social costs not borne in the market. Moreover, if green preferences are regarded as a policy instrument, the &apos;no policy&apos; baseline would require a problematic specification of counterfactual &apos;non-green&apos; preferences. Viewing green preferences as a regulatory policy instrument is conceptually sensible if the benchmark for optimal emissions is based on value judgments apart from the preferences consumers happen to have. If so, optimal environmental protection would be defined by reference to ethical theory, or, even less favorably, by prescriptions from policy advocates who give their own preferences great weight while giving those of the public at large (and the costs they bear) very little consideration. (author)

  3. &apos;Green Isle&apos; on the &apos;Red Isle&apos;. The gasometer in Berlin becomes a centre of the &apos;European Energy Forum&apos;; &apos;Gruene Insel&apos; auf der &apos;Roten Insel&apos;. Der Berliner Gasometer wird zum Zentrum des &apos;Europaeischen Energie Forums&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyer, Ulf

    2013-06-01

    If the ARD political talk show with Guenther Jauch starts on Sunday night after the crime thriller, only few viewers know that they are tele-guests on the former gasometer site in Berlin-Schoeneberg. Currently, this site is being transformed into an environmentally friendly campus called the &apos;European Energy Forum&apos; (EUREF). According to the will of the owner and architect Reinhard Mueller, the campus will become the largest CO{sub 2} neutral office and business location in Europe. Totally 600 million Euro will be invested. All new buildings should be ecological &apos;green buildings&apos; and received the LEED Gold certification.

  4. What &apos;cultural&apos; approach of electricity history?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beltran, Alain

    2004-01-01

    The evolution of electricity consumption should be related to social and cultural change. To understand this change better, we should use the notion of &apos;mentalities&apos;, which is less vague than &apos;culture&apos; and permits us to include practices in a dynamic totality. It is true that the study of consumers is difficult since they do not appear much in business archives. We must study the literature, advertisement and art of the time. Electricity was given its fairy status by the press. Before 1914, many myths, both frightening and reassuring, circulated around this form of energy. It is only during the Inter-war period that electricity had been degraded from the status of goddess to the one of maid. And yet, it did keep its double aspect of a soft and dangerous form of energy, as shown by its mid-1970&apos;s marriage to nuclear energy. A comparative cultural history of electricity remains to be done

  5. &apos;'Radio-oncomics'&apos;. The potential of radiomics in radiation oncology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peeken, Jan Caspar; Nuesslin, Fridtjof [Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM), Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Muenchen (Germany); Combs, Stephanie E. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM), Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Muenchen (Germany); Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, Institute of Innovative Radiotherapy (iRT), Department of Radiation Sciences (DRS), Neuherberg (Germany)

    2017-10-15

    Radiomics, a recently introduced concept, describes quantitative computerized algorithm-based feature extraction from imaging data including computer tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRT), or positron-emission tomography (PET) images. For radiation oncology it offers the potential to significantly influence clinical decision-making and thus therapy planning and follow-up workflow. After image acquisition, image preprocessing, and defining regions of interest by structure segmentation, algorithms are applied to calculate shape, intensity, texture, and multiscale filter features. By combining multiple features and correlating them with clinical outcome, prognostic models can be created. Retrospective studies have proposed radiomics classifiers predicting, e. g., overall survival, radiation treatment response, distant metastases, or radiation-related toxicity. Besides, radiomics features can be correlated with genomic information (&apos;'radiogenomics'&apos;) and could be used for tumor characterization. Distinct patterns based on data-based as well as genomics-based features will influence radiation oncology in the future. Individualized treatments in terms of dose level adaption and target volume definition, as well as other outcome-related parameters will depend on radiomics and radiogenomics. By integration of various datasets, the prognostic power can be increased making radiomics a valuable part of future precision medicine approaches. This perspective demonstrates the evidence for the radiomics concept in radiation oncology. The necessity of further studies to integrate radiomics classifiers into clinical decision-making and the radiation therapy workflow is emphasized. (orig.) [German] Radiomics beschreibt eine algorithmusbasierte Berechnung von Merkmalen auf Basis von Bilddatensaetzen einschliesslich Computertomographie (CT), Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) und Positronenemissionstomographie (PET). Radiomics hat das Potenzial, die

  6. A method of sub-critical experimentation, &apos;the neutrostat&apos;; Une methode d&apos;experimentation sous critique &apos;le neutrostat&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martelly, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    The method proposed is designed for the study of neutronic properties of a sample (its material buckling, for example) and consists in submitting the sample to uniform surface density irradiation, its surface being a sphere or a cylinder which is supposed, temporarily, to be infinite. Neutron density in the sample will thus be uniform if its laplacian is nil: any curve in the distribution clearly indicating its absorbent or multiplying properties. In the case of a sample with multiplying power, density is identical to that in an active core, thus measurement of buckling will be free from considerable systematic error causes. The thermic equivalent of this type of irradiation would be a thermostat with an external heat source distributed uniformly over its surface: its temperature would be uniform. It is this analogy that has led us to baptize it the &apos;Neutrostat&apos;. (author)Fren. [French] En vue d&apos;etudier les proprietes neutroniques d&apos;un milieu (son laplacien &apos;matiere&apos; par exemple), la methode proposee consiste a le soumettre a des conditions d&apos;irradiation uniforme sur sa surface, celle-ci ayant la forme d&apos;une sphere ou d&apos;un cylindre que nous supposons provisoirement infini. Les neutrons s&apos;y trouvent alors repartis avec une densite uniforme si le milieu est un diffuseur pur. Toute courbure de cette repartition sera un indice sensible de ses proprietes absorbantes ou multiplicatrices. Dans le cas d&apos;un milieu multiplicateur, la repartition est identique a celle qui regne au milieu d&apos;une pile critique et nous verrons que la mesure du laplacien est alors exempte de causes d&apos;erreurs systematiques importantes. L&apos;equivalent thermique d&apos;un tel mode d&apos;irradiation serait un dispositif thermostatique dont la source de chaleur externe serait repartie uniformement sur la surface: il y regnerait une temperature uniforme. C&apos;est cette analogie qui nous a guides dans le choix du vocable propose dans

  7. The &apos;electric power&apos; experience: Between nostalgia and the future. Erlebnis &apos;Strom&apos; zwischen Nostalgie und Zukunft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moergeli, H.P. (Moergeli und Partner, Muri bei Bern (Switzerland))

    1994-03-04

    The &apos;'Muehleberg'&apos; is a concept which is mostly used in connection with the nuclear power station. But there is more to the &apos;'Muehleberg'&apos; than at first sight. A hydroelectric station, a waste dump gas plant and the brandnew works management centre of the Bernische Kraftwerke AG (BKW) constitute the framework for a host of other attractions in the field of electric power; among others, examples of technological culture in the BKW museum, which are worth seeing. (orig.)

  8. Carcinoma hepatocelular: parte 2. Tratamento Hepatocelular carcinoma: part 2. Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinício Paride CONTE

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available São revisadas as formas de tratamento, particularmente as ressecções cirúrgicas, a quimioembolização arterial e as injeções percutâneas de etanol e de ácido acético. Alguns aspectos relativos à dieta, com particular atenção à aflatoxina B1 e aos retinóides, são abordados quanto ao seu desempenho na etiopatogenia e no tratamento da afecção mais comumente encontrada nos países em desenvolvimento. Em relação ao tratamento, fazem-se considerações também referentes ao uso de octreotide, nitrosaminas e outras drogas. A coagulação intersticial a laser e as drogas de ação antivascular também mereceram abordagem sucinta. O problema do carcinoma hepatocelular precoce e a sua destruição é sinalizado de modo sumário. A quimioprevenção com o uso do interferon alfa recombinante considerado e o transplante de fígado encerram a revisão, antes dos comentários finais.Recent improvements on the therapeutical management of hepatocellular carcinoma are revised with special attention to evaluate the role of surgery for the disease. Considering that definitive surgical intervention is not feasible in most cases because of extreme tumor extension, multiplicity of tumor foci, and associated advanced liver cirrhosis at the time of diagnosis, others forms of treatment are listed, such as transcatheterarterial chemoembolization, percutaneous ethanol and acetic acid injections, and chemotherapy only to a small portion of patients with no indication for standard treatments The emerging role of retinoic acid metabolism blocking agents, was examined and may offer a significant new potential treatment for cancer, inclusive the possibility of combining other anticancer drugs with exogenous retinoids or modulation of endogenous retinoids as a real opportunity to advance our ability to treat or prevent human cancer effectively. Octreotide, nitrosamine and other drugs are analyzed and is concluded that improves survival and is a valuable

  9. Tratamento cirúrgico postergado da pancreatite aguda biliar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Altenfelder Silva

    Full Text Available A análise do tratamento cirúrgico de doentes portadores de pancreatite biliar mostra a existência de controvérsias em relação à oportunidade da intervenção, principalmente se deve ser precoce ou postergada. Do mesmo modo, a possibilidade do emprego de procedimentos endoscópicos no pré, intra ou pós-operatório e o advento da videolaparoscopia, trouxeram novos aspectos à discussão. Não existe consenso sobre a escolha da melhor conduta. Em função disso, analisamos retrospectivamente os resultados imediatos de 107 doentes portadores de forma leve de pancreatite, todos com menos de três sinais de gravidade, segundo o critério de estratificação proposto por Ranson, e que foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico postergado na mesma internação, no período de janeiro de 1988 a maio de 1999, tanto por via convencional como por via laparoscópica. Desses, 80 doentes (75% eram do sexo feminino, 90% da raça branca e a média de idade foi de 46 anos. Os doentes foram operados em média após 9,5 dias de internação e receberam alta hospitalar após 2,9 dias, o que resultou numa permanência hospitalar média de 12,6 dias. A colangiografia intra-operatória foi realizada em 102 casos (96% e a colangiografia endoscópica pré-operatória em 24 doentes (22,4%. Os resultados mostraram incidência de coledocolitíase em 25 casos (23%, taxa de morbidade de 12% e mortalidade nula. Dos 107 casos estudados, 64 (60% foram operados pela via de acesso convencional e 43 (40% pela via laparoscópica. A comparação dos resultados entre as vias de acesso empregadas mostrou diferença estatística significante em relação ao intervalo de tempo pós-operatório, que foi menor nos doentes submetidos à via de acesso laparoscópica. Concluímos, assim, que o tratamento cirúrgico postergado de doentes portadores de pancreatite biliar na forma leve apresenta baixas morbidade e mortalidade e pode ser feito tanto pela via convencional como pela via

  10. Endocardite infecciosa: 12 anos de tratamento cirúrgico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARNONI Antoninho Sanfins

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A endocardite é uma doença de tratamento difícil e que freqüentemente necessita da participação cirúrgica. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Entre janeiro de 1987 e janeiro de 1999, 159 pacientes foram operados em nosso Serviço, sendo 64,7% do sexo masculino. Este grupo apresentou idade média de 39,2 anos (2 a 78 anos, com peso médio de 57,1 kg. O acometimento valvar aórtico foi o mais freqüente (66 pacientes, sendo na valva nativa em 47 casos e em próteses em 19 (8 metálicas e 11 biológicas: a lesão mitral verificou-se em 53 pacientes, sendo mais comum em portadores de prótese (28 biológicas e 2 metálicas. O comprometimento das duas valvas esteve presente em 28 casos. Os demais pacientes eram portadores de defeitos congênitos ou de marcapasso definitivo. A operação foi indicada por refratariedade ao tratamento clínico, insuficiência cardíaca, quadro infeccioso levando a disfunção valvar ou de prótese, vazamento periprotético, ou ainda por arritmia. RESULTADOS: O estudo microbiológico evidenciou maior prevalência de infecção por Streptococcus viridans e Staphilococcus aureus. A operação realizada nos portadores de endocardite infecciosa em valva nativa propiciou a conservação da valva em 3 pacientes do grupo mitral e em 1 do grupo aórtico; nos demais pacientes empregaram-se próteses (a maioria metálica em aórticos e biológica em mitrais. As reoperações foram freqüentes, tendo pacientes com até quarta operação. A lesão congênita responsável pela maioria dos casos foi a comunicação interventricular (3 casos e 4 pacientes apresentavam a endocardite em eletrodo de marcapasso. A mortalidade global foi de 16,3%, com maior incidência em portadores de prótese mitral e aórtica submetidos a reoperação. A presença de abscesso como complicação da endocardite infecciosa verificou-se em 18,2% dos pacientes, utilizando-se pericárdio bovino na reconstrução da maioria, com mortalidade de 17

  11. Deleuze&apos;s Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickey-Moody, Anna Catherine

    2013-01-01

    Children, the image of the child, and the gendered figures of the girl and the boy are thematics that run through the work of Deleuze and feature prominently in his joint writing with Guattari. However, there are many different children in Deleuze&apos;s writings. Various child figures do distinct things in Deleuze&apos;s work. In this article, I…

  12. Análisis de polimorfismos APO-E en mujeres colombianas con osteoporosis y correlación con variables clínicas y sociales de riesgo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Villarreal

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Varios estudios han demostrado la asociación de los polimorfismos de la apolipoproteína E (APO-E con la osteoporosis, especialmente, la APO-E 4. Para analizar los polimorfismos APOE e identificar la asociación con variables clínicas y sociales, se realizó un estudio descriptivo de 32 mujeres con osteoporosis, provenientes de diferentes regiones de Colombia, mediante metodologías PCR y RFLP. Se observaron en osteoporosis, osteopenia y osteoporosis combinada con osteopenia frecuencias para el genotipo ?3/?3 en el 84,3% (n=27, y en el 15,6% para los genotipos con el alelo e4 (?3/e4=12,5%, ?=4; ?4/?4=3,1%, n=1; la misma tendencia se observó en la distribución por edad de la menopausia, ?3/?3 en el 83,3% (n=25, y genotipos con el alelo ?4 en el 16,6% (n=5 (?3/?4=13,3%, n=4; ?4/?4=3,3%, n=1. No hubo asociación de APO-E4 con estrato socioeconómico, fracturas, enfermedades o consumo de lácteos. Aunque no hubo efecto del alelo ?4 en la densidad mineral ósea (DMO de la columna lumbar: ?4+/-(?3/?4 0,960±0,144 g/cm2; ?4+/+ (?4/?4 0,873±0,00 g/cm2; ?4-/- (?3/?3 0,858±0,160 g/cm2; p=0,49, ni en cuello femoral: ?4+/-(?3/?4 0,841±0,026 g/cm2; ?4+/+ (?4/?4 0,842±0,00 g/cm2; ?4- /- (?3/?3 0,735±0,013 g/cm2, p=0,14, al explorar las diferencias de medias de DMO en el cuello femoral, se observó una diferencia significativa, t=4,17 p=0,05. Estos datos confirman una frecuencia del alelo e4 similar a lo reportado en poblaciones caucásicas y japonesas; se sugiere realizar estudios a gran escala para esclarecer el impacto de la APO-E sobre la DMO y su relación dosis-efecto.

  13. Consenso sobre o tratamento da dependência de nicotina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marques Ana Cecilia P R

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Têm sido atribuídas à dependência de nicotina 20% das mortes nos EUA. Estudos têm mostrado que 30% a 50% das pessoas que começam a fumar escalam para um uso problemático. Nos últimos 20 anos, a educação e a persuasão não foram suficientes para promover uma mudança política, cultural e social relacionada ao comportamento de fumar. As intervenções para interromper o uso de tabaco ainda não estão integradas às rotinas dos serviços de saúde no mundo. A falta de estratégias de integração, de tempo disponível para acoplar ações assistenciais mais específicas e mesmo a percepção dos profissionais de saúde de que os tratamentos para a dependência de nicotina são pouco efetivos são algumas das barreiras apontadas. Assim, elaborar um consenso sobre a dependência de nicotina teve como objetivos: ? levantar dados epidemiológicos relevantes relacionados ao uso do tabaco no mundo e no Brasil; ? revisar as ações gerais e centrais da nicotina; ? elaborar um protocolo de triagem mínimo para serviços de atenção primária à saúde; ? recomendar diretrizes básicas de avaliação, diagnóstico e tratamento para todos os níveis de atenção à saúde em relação à dependência de nicotina; ? fornecer sugestões para a abordagem de grupos especiais de pacientes: adolescentes, gestantes, idosos, pacientes em regime de internação, obesos e pacientes com comorbidades psiquiátricas, cardiovasculares e respiratórias.

  14. Technology &apos;90

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-01-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories have a long history of excellence in performing research and development in a number of areas, including the basic sciences, applied-energy technology, and weapons-related technology. Although technology transfer has always been an element of DOE and laboratory activities, it has received increasing emphasis in recent years as US industrial competitiveness has eroded and efforts have increased to better utilize the research and development resources the laboratories provide. This document, Technology &apos;90, is the latest in a series that is intended to communicate some of the many opportunities available for US industry and universities to work with the DOE and its laboratories in the vital activity of improving technology transfer to meet national needs. Technology &apos;90 is divided into three sections: Overview, Technologies, and Laboratories. The Overview section describes the activities and accomplishments of the DOE research and development program offices. The Technologies section provides descriptions of new technologies developed at the DOE laboratories. The Laboratories section presents information on the missions, programs, and facilities of each laboratory, along with a name and telephone number of a technology transfer contact for additional information. Separate papers were prepared for appropriate sections of this report.

  15. Comment on &apos;&apos;Teleportation of two-mode squeezed states&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He Guangqiang; Zhang Jingtao [State Key Lab of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks Department of Electronic Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030 (China)

    2011-10-15

    We investigate the teleportation scheme of two-mode squeezed states proposed by Adhikari et al.[S. Adhikari et al., Phys. Rev. A 77, 012337 (2008)]. It uses four-mode entangled states to teleport two-mode squeezed states. The fidelity between the original two-mode squeezed states and teleported ones is calculated. The maximal fidelity value of Adhikari&apos;s protocol is 0.38, which is incompatible with the fidelity definition with the maximal value 1. In our opinion, one reason is that they calculate the fidelity for multimodes Gaussian states using the fidelity formula for single-mode ones. Another reason is that the covariance matrix of output states should be what is obtained after applying the linear unitary Bogoliubov operations (two cascaded Fourier transformations) on the covariance matrix given in Eq. (12) in their paper. These two reasons result in the incomparable results. In addition, Adhikari&apos;s protocol can be simplified to be easily implemented.

  16. Efetividade da bupropiona no tratamento de pacientes tabagistas com doença cardiovascular

    OpenAIRE

    Issa,Jaqueline Scholz; Perez,Glória Heloise; Diament,Jayme; Zavattieri,Angela Giuliana; Oliveira,Kátia Ulrich de

    2007-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a efetividade e a tolerabilidade da bupropiona no tratamento de fumantes com doenças cardiovasculares atendidos em rotina de tratamento ambulatorial do tabagismo, e analisar as variáveis preditoras de sucesso ou fracasso. MÉTODOS: A bupropiona foi prescrita de forma exclusiva para tratamento do tabagismo em 100 pacientes cardiopatas durante 12 semanas. O seguimento foi de 52 semanas. As variáveis estudadas foram sexo, idade, número de cigarros, concentração de monóxido de c...

  17. Adesão ao tratamento clínico no transtorno de personalidade borderline

    OpenAIRE

    Tanesi,Patrícia Helena Vaz; Yazigi,Latife; Fiore,Maria Luiza de Mattos; Pitta,José Cássio do Nascimento

    2007-01-01

    Adesão é um comportamento complexo, envolve desde pequenas recusas ao tratamento até o uso inadequado dos serviços de saúde e abandono do tratamento. O presente trabalho é um estudo qualitativo com seis pacientes com transtorno de personalidade borderline sobre adesão ao tratamento, utilizando análise qualitativa em entrevista aberta, questionário psicossocial, classificação diagnóstica pela SCID I e II e acompanhamento clínico. Os resultados mostraram que impulsividade, manipulação, dissocia...

  18. Tratamento fungicida e peliculização de sementes de soja submetidas ao armazenamento

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira,Carlos Eduardo; Oliveira,João Almir; Guimarães,Renato Mendes; Vieira,Antônio Rodrigues; Evangelista,José Renato Emilioreli; Oliveira,Gustavo Evangelista

    2011-01-01

    O tratamento de sementes de soja com fungicidas vem sendo utilizado como importante ferramenta no controle de patógenos. Nesse trabalho, objetivou-se estudar o desempenho de sementes de soja tratadas com fungicidas e peliculizadas, antes e após o armazenamento. Foram utilizados cinco lotes de sementes, cultivar Monsoy 6101, submetidos aos tratamentos: thiabendazole+thiram sem polímero, carbendazin+thiram sem polímero, sem fungicida (testemunha) sem polímero, além desses tratamentos realizados...

  19. &apos;Action 2016&apos;: AREVA&apos;s strategic action plan to improve performance; &apos;Action 2016&apos;: le plan d&apos;actions strategique d&apos;AREVA pour ameliorer sa performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marie, Patricia; Floquet-Daubigeon, Fleur; Michaut, Maxime; De Scorbiac, Marie; Du Repaire, Philippine

    2011-12-12

    On December 12, 2011, Luc Oursel, Executive Officer of AREVA, and Pierre Aubouin, Chief Financial Executive Officer, presented the group&apos;s &apos;Action 2016&apos; strategic action plan based on an in-depth analysis of the market&apos;s outlook. This document makes, first, a Detailed presentation of the &apos;Action 2016&apos; plan and then presents the group&apos;s financial outlook: - Full-year 2011 immediate accounting consequences of the new market environment: operating losses expected in 2011; - 2012-2013 transition period Objective: self-finance capex in cumulative terms; - 2014-2016: safe growth and cash generation, free operating cash flow at break-even beginning in 2013, above euro 1 bn per year beginning in 2015

  20. The &apos;Neue Muehle&apos; hydroelectric power plant at Kassel - identifying the turbine type; Die &apos;&apos;Neue Muehle in Kassel&apos;&apos; - Raetselraten um den Turbinentyp. Eine der letzten Knop-Turbinen im Museum ausgestellt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lang, T.

    2001-07-01

    This power plant was constructed in the late 19th century. Its turbines have been identified as Knop turbines made by &apos;Eisengiesserei and Maschinenfabrik von Briegleb, Hansen and Co.&apos; at Gotha. They are assumed to be the last of their kind. [German] Wie in den folgenden Kapiteln dargelegt, handelt es sich bei den Turbinen der &apos;&apos;Neuen Muehle&apos;&apos; um Knop-Turbinen der Gothear &apos;&apos;Eisengiesserei and Maschinenfabrik von Briegleb, Hansen and Co.&apos;&apos; und nicht um Propeller-Turbinen. Diese Bezeichnung wird heute fuer Kaplan-Turbinen mit unbeweglichen Laufradschaufeln verwendet. Francis-Turbinen mit vertikaler Welle haben einen beweglichen, ebenfalls vertikal angeordneten Leitapparat, daher scheidet dieser Turbinentyp eindeutig aus. Auch der von Hamerak anhand der Abbildungen in Ausgabe 4/2000 konstruierte Zusammenhang von Francis-Turbine und Henschel-Turbine ist infolge der Bauart prinzipiell auszuschliessen. (orig.)

  1. Breeding ground: evolving the &apos;smart&apos; industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaremko, G.

    2001-05-01

    This article celebrates the successes of the Canadian independent oil contractors and the oilfield service and supply sector that keep Canada in the forefront of the world&apos;s &apos;smart&apos; nations in energy stewardship, efficiency, development, diversification and utilization. It explains how small independent contractors and service and supply enterprises play a central role on all these fronts, with supply and service companies being responsible for about 80 per cent of oil companies&apos; capital budget and 70 per cent of their operational expenditures in fields ranging from construction, and camp catering, to ambulance services, safety systems, trucking, tool making, drilling services, production testing, valve manufacturing, chemical blending and environmental protection. Special attention is paid to importance on independent contractors represented by the Small Explorers and Producers Association of Canada (SEPAC), their ability to develop or adopt new technology and to accommodate the demands of constantly changing price levels and increasingly higher expectations in terms of social responsibility, productivity and competitiveness, as well as environmental performance. As an example, the article describes the career of Robert Tessari, founder and president of Tesco Corporation, a drilling company operating in some 40 countries, who aims to automate drilling to the point where rig crews are pared to teams of two or three experts directing machinery from computer consoles. That he is well on the way of achieving his objectives is illustrated by his contributions to the development of a new generation of bits, tools and procedures known as the &apos;case drilling&apos; process which simultaneously uses the same steel tubing to make the holes into oil and gas-bearing formations and line them for production, and in so doing cut 25 to 30 per cent off the time required to drill a well and bring it to production. His company&apos;s contribution to the

  2. Tratamento clínico da epilepsia resistente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benito Pereira Damasceno

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudados 34 casos de epilepsia de difícil controle, encaminhados ao Grupo de Trabalho de Epilepsia (GTE do Instituto de Neurologia de Goiânia de 1984 a 1986. Todos eram submetidos a reavaliação neurológica. Vinte e três dos 34 pacientes tinham crises parciais complexas. A maioria foi tratada com carbamazepina, difenil-hidantoína e ácido valpróico, em forma monoterápica ou associada entre si. Obteve-se redução de mais de 80% da freqüência das crises em 22 pacientes (64,7%, além de leve melhora da qualidade de vida. Os autores concluem sobre as vantagens de uma equipe especializada, multidisciplinar, na abordagem da epilepsia rebelde e ressaltam a necessidade de: a. um correto diagnóstico das crises, seguido do uso da medicação apropriada, por tempo suficiente (mínimo de 0 meses e em dose adequada (até a dose máxima tolerável, abandonando-a só depois do controle de sua concentração sérica; b. um bom engajamento do paciente e de sua família no tratamento.

  3. Tratamento Medicamentoso da Hiperglicemia no Diabetes Melito Tipo 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Schwerz Weinert

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O diabetes melito tipo 2 (DM2 decorre de alteração na ação e secreção de insulina. A longo prazo, a elevação da glicemia promove dano microvascular, neuropatia e dano macrovascular, com consequente aumento da morbi-mortalidade destes pacientes. Nas últimas décadas, diversos ensaios clínicos clássicos demonstraram que intervenções terapêuticas específicas para corrigir a hiperglicemia e hipertensão arterial são capazes de prevenir ou retardar o avanço das complicações crônicas. Neste sentido, tratamento efetivo e da forma mais precoce possível deve ser oferecido a todos os pacientes com DM2. Fármacos antiobesidade e agentes orais, como a metformina, sulfonilureias, glinidas, tiazolidinedionas, inibidores da alfa-glicosidase, e os mais recentes fármacos incretinomiméticos e amilinomiméticos são apresentados nessa revisão, nos aspectos de mecanismos de ação, efeitos colaterais e contraindicações.

  4. Contaminación fecal en varios ríos de la Gran Área Metropolitana y la Península de Osa Fecal contamination in several rivers of the Greater Metropolitan Area and the Osa Peninsula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Calvo Brenes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La contaminación en los ríos de Costa Rica es un problema que merece especial atención. El concepto “contaminación del agua” implica la incorporación de materias extrañas a esta, tales como microorganis- mos (coliformes totales y fecales, productos quími- cos (jabones, fer tilizantes, pesticidas, metales pesados (cromo, plomo, mercurio, etc. o materia orgánica proveniente de los suelos a través de la escorrentía superficial y de las aguas residuales domésticas. Estas materias deterioran la calidad del agua y reducen los diferentes usos que podría tener un río. El recurso hídrico es importante tanto para la preservación de la vida humana como para la conservación de la flora y fauna. Costa Rica se ha caracterizado por ser un país poseedor de una rica biodiversidad. Sin embargo, muchos de los ríos de la Gran Área Metropolitana ya presentan una contaminación severa, según el Índice holandés de clasificación de la calidad del agua. En este estudio se analizó el contenido de colifor- mes fecales en 10 ríos de las provincias de San José, Alajuela, Heredia y Car tago, así como de la Península de Osa. Para correlacionar el contenido de colifor- mes fecales con la densidad poblacional, además, se muestrearon tres puntos en cada río: la zona alta cercana a la naciente, la zona media y la zona baja cercana a su desembocadura. Se encontró que los puntos de muestreo con densi- dades poblacionales medias o altas están altamente contaminados con coliformes fecales.Varios de ellos superan el límite máximo permisible en el contenido de coliformes fecales establecido por los reglamen- tos nacionales para el uso de los ríos en actividades de recreación de contacto primario. También se determinó que las zonas con menor pobla- ción, tales como los ríos Tigre y Rincón en la Península de Osa, el río Poás en Alajuela en todo su recorrido y los ríos Purires y Birrís en Cartago, en sus zonas medias y altas, están menos

  5. Tratamento de úlceras de estase venosa com bota de unna e carvão ativado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Tiago

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho descreve-se os resultados obtidos no tratamento das úlceras de estase venosa utilizando bota de unna mais curativo de carvão ativado e prata, em 47 pacientes com idade entre 30 e 80 anos. O tempo de tratamento variou de 2 a 16 semanas, a freqüência média das trocas dos curativos foi a cada 6 dias. Dos 47 pacientes, 87% tiveram suas feridas cicatrizadas, 8,5% não obtiveram sucesso e 4,5% abandonaram o tratamento. As principais vantagens observadas foram: redução do número de curativos, economia para o serviço de saúde e pacientes, facilidade da aplicação do tratamento.

  6. Study of the migration of radioactive elements in soils &apos;'in-place'&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bovard, P.; Grauby, A.

    The problems of medium protection against radioactive contamination hazards have led the Commissariat a l&apos;Energie Atomique--Service de Controle des Radiations et de Genie Radioactif to study the behavior of ions in soils. There are many theoretical researches and laboratory studies on the movement of radioelements in soil. But, with the difficulties for obtaining a similar result in field, we have developed a simple direct method of in place soil contamination. However, a principal drawback remains, the necessity to extrapolate from one or two reduced size samples to a large area. This is all the problem of sampling, which is not specific of our method. However, a choice justified by classical data, let us obtain a sufficient number of results and an accuracy which is suitable.

  7. Results of the Danish &apos;&apos;high efficiency motors campaign&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malmose, K.

    2000-07-01

    In Denmark energy consultancy (demand side management activities (DSM)) took its first steps in the middle of the 80&apos;ies. The energy consultancy was built up around the Danish electric utilities on which the Danish government imposed the implementation of energy savings for funds collected through the electricity bill (approx. 0.0006 DKK/kWh corresponding to approx. 0.001 ECU). The electric utilities trained energy consultants who specialised in visiting industrial enterprises and counselling on energy consumption, primarily focusing on auxiliary systems like lighting, compressed air, ventilation and heating. Within these areas large savings could be obtained because each company was focusing on the actual production but also because the cost of energy was a fraction of the total costs. (orig.)

  8. EUGRIS: &apos;&apos;European Substainable Land and Groundwater Management Information System&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frauenstein, J. [Federal Environmental Agency (UBA), Berlin (Germany)

    2003-07-01

    The presentation outlines and Accompanying Measure with the FP 5 to develop an web based EUropean Sustainable Land and GRoundwater Management Information System information system (EUGRIS). The management of contaminated land and groundwater requires an interdisciplinary approach and a considerable amount of supporting technical information and knowledge. EUGRIS will provide a generally available comprehensive and overarching information and innovation resource, to support both research and practical contaminated land and groundwater management. EUGRI is a gateway to provide a &apos;one stop shop&apos; for information provided by research projects, legislation, standards, best practice and other technical guidance and policy/regulatory publications from the EC, participating Member and Accession States and from various international networks dealing with groundwater and land management issues. Different types of user can access information through different windows according to their needs. EUGRIS will provide its visitors with summary information (digests) and links to sources of more detailed and/or original information in a scaleable holistic and contexturally meaningful way. EUGRIS is being built in three stages: the design of the information system, the development of its software implementation, and the population of the system with information. The presentation is focussed on the concept of the development of the information system with the individual work packages. In the second part of the lecture in particular the work procedures are presented for the content wise replenishment by EUGRIS. The data collation for the proven pilot countries and the production of a European research data base, which opens contents and results of European-wide locked and current projects, form the emphasis thereby. (orig.)

  9. &apos;&apos;Textural analysis of multiparametric MRI detects transition zone prostate cancer&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sidhu, Harbir S.; Johnston, Edward W.; Taylor, Stuart A.; Halligan, Steve [Centre for Medical Imaging, University College London, London (United Kingdom); University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London (United Kingdom); Benigno, Salvatore; Dikaios, Nikos [Centre for Medical Imaging, University College London, London (United Kingdom); Ganeshan, Balaji [Institute of Nuclear Medicine, University College London, University College Hospital, London (United Kingdom); Allen, Clare; Kirkham, Alex [University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London (United Kingdom); Groves, Ashley M. [University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London (United Kingdom); Institute of Nuclear Medicine, University College London, University College Hospital, London (United Kingdom); Ahmed, Hashim U.; Emberton, Mark [University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London (United Kingdom); University College London, Research Department of Urology, London (United Kingdom); Punwani, Shonit [Centre for Medical Imaging, University College London, London (United Kingdom); University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London (United Kingdom); Centre for Medical Imaging, University College London and University College London Hospitals NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, London (United Kingdom)

    2017-06-15

    To evaluate multiparametric-MRI (mpMRI) derived histogram textural-analysis parameters for detection of transition zone (TZ) prostatic tumour. Sixty-seven consecutive men with suspected prostate cancer underwent 1.5T mpMRI prior to template-mapping-biopsy (TPM). Twenty-six men had &apos;significant&apos; TZ tumour. Two radiologists in consensus matched TPM to the single axial slice best depicting tumour, or largest TZ diameter for those with benign histology, to define single-slice whole TZ-regions-of-interest (ROIs). Textural-parameter differences between single-slice whole TZ-ROI containing significant tumour versus benign/insignificant tumour were analysed using Mann Whitney U test. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed by receiver operating characteristic area under curve (ROC-AUC) analysis cross-validated with leave-one-out (LOO) analysis. ADC kurtosis was significantly lower (p < 0.001) in TZ containing significant tumour with ROC-AUC 0.80 (LOO-AUC 0.78); the difference became non-significant following exclusion of significant tumour from single-slice whole TZ-ROI (p = 0.23). T1-entropy was significantly lower (p = 0.004) in TZ containing significant tumour with ROC-AUC 0.70 (LOO-AUC 0.66) and was unaffected by excluding significant tumour from TZ-ROI (p = 0.004). Combining these parameters yielded ROC-AUC 0.86 (LOO-AUC 0.83). Textural features of the whole prostate TZ can discriminate significant prostatic cancer through reduced kurtosis of the ADC-histogram where significant tumour is included in TZ-ROI and reduced T1 entropy independent of tumour inclusion. (orig.)

  10. 5-fluorocitosina e anfotericina-B no tratamento da criptococose do sistema nervoso central

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. P. S. Nobrega

    1975-09-01

    Full Text Available Registro de dois casos de criptococose do sistema nervoso central, em um deles associada a candidíase. Em ambos foram utilizados no tratamento anfotericina-B e 5-fluorocitosina. Em função dos resultados obtidos são feitas considerações quanto à utilidade de cada uma das drogas no tratamento da criptococose, bem como quanto ao uso associado de ambas.

  11. Waste treatment: &apos;'ARC-EN-CIEL'&apos; puts the wastes in the window. Traitement des dechets: Arc-en-Ciel met les ordures en vitrine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    &apos;'ARC-EN-CIEL'&apos; is the future solution of wastes, managed by NANTES urban centre. This appliance is composed from an intermediate conditioning centre, an incineration unit and a composting one. 55% from the wastes are incinerated, 10% are recycled and 10% composted. These technologies limit the pollution and the harms generated by the waste processing. 1 fig.

  12. Calculation of LDL apoB

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sniderman, A.D.; Tremblay, A.J.; Graaf, J. de; Couture, P.

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study tests the validity of the Hattori formula to calculate LDL apoB based on plasma lipids and total apoB. METHODS: In 2178 patients in a tertiary care lipid clinic, LDL apoB calculated as suggested by Hattori et al. was compared to directly measured LDL apoB isolated by

  13. o&apos;Peer: open peer review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brewer, J H

    2014-01-01

    I have built a &apos;'demonstration'&apos; website at http://oPeer.org to illustrate how peer review and publication might be improved relative to the current model, which was designed and implemented in an era when scientific communication was either face-to-face or relied upon human delivery of ink marks on dead trees

  14. Documentation to the workshop &apos;Cluster in the environmental protection economy&apos;; Dokumentation zum Workshop &apos;&apos;Cluster in der Umweltschutzwirtschaft&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-12-11

    Within the workshop &apos;Cluster in the environmental protection economy&apos; at the Umweltbundesamt (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) at 27th November, 2008, the following lectures were held: (a) Which contribution can cluster and cluster politics contribute to the promotion of the environmental protection economy? (Harald Legler); (b) Cluster in the environmental protection economy: Targets and expectations (Dieter Rehfeld); (c) Demands at the management of clusters (Karin Hoerhan); (d) Demands at the cluster politics in the environmental protection economy (Bernhard Hausberg); (e) Photovoltaics in Eastern Germany (Johann Wackenbauer); (f) Automotive industry in Bergisches Land (Thomas Lemken); (g) Competence centre environment Augsburg-Schwaben (Egon Beckord).

  15. The &apos;Energy transition&apos; generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bedossa, Bastien; Boutignon, Gregoire; Sivy, Corentin; Bercault, Florian; Cage, Agathe; Mahammedi-Bouzina, Mehdi; Potton, Gregoire

    2015-11-01

    The &apos;Cartes sur table&apos; think tank aims at leveraging the opinion of young French people (from 20 to 35 years old) politically leaning to the left, in order to let them become actors in French debates, such as the one on the energy transition policy for a &apos;green growth&apos;. This paper explains the origins and the context of the energy transition policy (the dangers of nuclear power, the high potential of renewable energies, etc.), how to finance the energy transition policy, how to promote energy transition in the daily life (notably in transports and through the struggle against wastage), create a Europe of energy, and so on

  16. &apos;Catapult&apos; offshore renewables into commercial use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Block, Elizabeth

    2012-07-01

    In February, the Technology Strategy Board, the UK&apos;s government innovation agency, appointed a consortium to set up the Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult centre, with Sterling Pounds 50 million to be spent over five years. (orig.)

  17. Metrology for the radiological early warning system in Europe. The &apos;'MetroERM'&apos; project; Metrologie fuer die radiologischen Fruehwarnsysteme in Europa. Das &apos;'MetroERM'&apos;-Projekt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neumaier, Stefan; Dombrowski, Harald [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig (Germany)

    2017-10-01

    In the European radiological early warning system about 5500 stationary sensors are actually implemented that measure continuously the local dose rate. Alongside several hundred air dust collecting systems attribute to the measurement of airborne radioactivity. The local dose rates are transmitted hourly to a central data base that is operated on behalf of the EU commission. In significantly larger time intervals the measured data of the airborne radioactivity are transmitted. In case of a cross-border radiological accident these data are the basis for recommendations given by the EU commission to the member states for national counter measures. The focus of the project &apos;&apos;Metrology for radiological early warning networks in Europe&apos;&apos; is an improvement of the metrological quality and harmonization these data and the development of improved measuring systems and evaluation methods.

  18. Swiss &apos;Electricity&apos; Research Programme 2004-2007; Konzept des Forschungsprogramms &apos;Elektrizitaet&apos; 2004 - 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brueniger, R.

    2004-07-01

    This report issued by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) provides details on Swiss research in the electricity area that is foreseen for the period 2004-2007. The report discusses the current state of electricity research and the strategic goals for the period and presents the organisations involved and their previous work. The general main areas of interest addressed by the programme are noted, such as the storage and transport of electricity as well as its use in communication technologies, motors, domestic appliances and industrial applications. Figures are presented on the programme&apos;s finances and the concept of &apos;trend-watching&apos; groups is briefly addressed.

  19. Deep-sea drilling. Practical aspects of 4D seismic: what an engineer needs to know. Developments in Iran: &apos;SIRRI&apos; of the Total company and &apos;DOROOD&apos; of the Elf company. The &apos;DOROOD&apos; operating plan. The &apos;SIRRI&apos; operating plan; Le forage en eau profonde. Aspects pratiques de la sismique 4D: ce qu&apos;un ingenieur doit savoir. Developpements en Iran: &apos;SIRRI&apos; de Total et &apos;DOROOD&apos; d&apos;Elf. Le projet &apos;DOROOD&apos;. Le projet &apos;SIRRI&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Claverie, P. [Schlumberger Sedco Forex, 92 - Montrouge (France); Bauquis, P.R. [Association Francaise des Techniciens et Professionnels du Petrole, AFTP, 92 - Paris-la-Defense (France); Seiller, B.; Geronimi, X. [Elf France, (France); Barthe, D. [Total Fina, 92 - La Defense (France)

    1999-08-01

    In this &apos;Drilling-Production&apos; section, in which 7 papers are gathered, 3 main topics are developed: (1)the deep-sea drilling (2)the practical aspects of 4D seismic (3)the &apos;SIRRI&apos; and &apos;DOROOD&apos; operating plans in Iran. Concerning the first point, it can be noticed that nowadays, mobile platforms are located in great offshore where water depths are of about 2400 m. In the second point is particularly detailed what 4D is, what it can do, what the primary conditions for it works are and how it costs. The third point is the more particularly detailed in this section (15 pages). At first an introduction indicates why Iran has to call to international petroleum investors, what the current problems of Iran are, what Iran has to do to attract foreign investment and technology and what the challenges to foreign companies are. Then the two operating plans: &apos;SIRRI&apos; and &apos;DOROOD&apos; are exposed into details. A synthesis of these plans, called of &apos;Buy Back&apos;, (production, investment, refund) is given as well as their advantages and disadvantages. (O.M.)

  20. The Effect of a High-Fat Diet on Brain Plasticity, Inflammation and Cognition in Female ApoE4-Knockin and ApoE-Knockout Mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carola I F Janssen

    Full Text Available Apolipoprotein E4 (ApoE4, one of three common isoforms of ApoE, is a major risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD. ApoE-deficient mice, as well as mice expressing human ApoE4, display impaired learning and memory functions and signs of neurodegeneration. Moreover, ApoE protects against high-fat (HF diet induced neurodegeneration by its role in the maintenance of the integrity of the blood-brain barrier. The influence of a HF diet on the progression of AD-like cognitive and neuropathological changes was assessed in wild-type (WT, human ApoE4 and ApoE-knockout (ApoE-/- mice to evaluate the modulatory role of ApoE in this process. From 12 months of age, female WT, ApoE4, and ApoE-/- mice were fed either a standard or a HF diet (19% butter, 0.5% cholate, 1.25% cholesterol throughout life. At 15 months of age mice performed the Morris water maze, evaluating spatial learning and memory. ApoE-/- showed increased spatial learning compared to WT mice (p = 0.009. HF diet improved spatial learning in WT mice (p = 0.045, but did not affect ApoE4 and ApoE-/- mice. Immunohistochemical analyses of the hippocampus demonstrated increased neuroinflammation (CD68 in the cornu ammonis 1 (CA1 region in ApoE4 (p = 0.001 and in ApoE-/- (p = 0.032 mice on standard diet. HF diet tended to increase CD68 in the CA1 in WT mice (p = 0.052, while it decreased in ApoE4 (p = 0.009, but ApoE-/- remained unaffected. A trend towards increased neurogenesis (DCX was found in both ApoE4 (p = 0.052 and ApoE-/- mice (p = 0.068. In conclusion, these data suggest that HF intake induces different effects in WT mice compared to ApoE4 and ApoE-/- with respect to markers for cognition and neurodegeneration. We propose that HF intake inhibits the compensatory mechanisms of neuroinflammation and neurogenesis in aged female ApoE4 and ApoE-/- mice.

  1. The polarized neutron reflectometer &apos;Reverans&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radzhabov, A.K. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, St. Petersburg 188300 (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: akr@pnpi.spb.ru; Gordeev, G.P. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, St. Petersburg 188300 (Russian Federation); Lazebnik, I.M. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, St. Petersburg 188300 (Russian Federation); Axelrod, L.A. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, St. Petersburg 188300 (Russian Federation); Zabenkin, V.N. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, St. Petersburg 188300 (Russian Federation)

    2007-07-15

    The polarized neutron reflectometer &apos;Reverans&apos; with a vertical plane of scattering is being installed at the VVR-M reactor (Gatchina, Russia). It will be used for research on phase boundaries, interfaces and free surfaces. Systems under study can be both magnetic and nonmagnetic ones. At present the installation of the reflectometer is at the final stage. The parameters and abilities of the reflectometer are presented.

  2. The &apos;Instrumental&apos; Reality of Phlogiston

    OpenAIRE

    Mi Gyung Kim

    2008-01-01

    The stability of phlogiston in eighteenth-century French chemistry depended not on its role as a comprehensive theory, but on its operational (instrumental), theoretical, and philosophical (speculative) identities that were forged in different contexts, yet were interwoven to designate a single substance. It was as &apos;real&apos; as any other chemical substance to the degree that it was obtained through material operations, occupied a place in the theoretical edifice of the affinity table, ...

  3. SAP deficiency mitigated atherosclerotic lesions in ApoE(-/-) mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Lingyun; Wu, Teng; Zeng, Cuiling; Li, Xiangli; Li, Xiaoqiang; Wen, Dingwen; Ji, Tianxing; Lan, Tian; Xing, Liying; Li, Jiangchao; He, Xiaodong; Wang, Lijing

    2016-01-01

    Serum amyloid P conpoent (SAP), a member of the pentraxin family, interact with pathogens and cell debris to promote their removal by macrophages and neutrophils and is co-localized with atherosclerotic plaques in patients. However, the exact mechanism of SAP in atherogenesis is still unclear. We investigated whether SAP influence macrophage recruitment and foam cell formation and ultimately affect atherosclerotic progression. we generated apoE(-/-); SAP(-/-) (DKO) mice and fed them western diet for 4 and 8 weeks to characterize atherosclerosis development. SAP deficiency effectively reduced plaque size both in the aorta (p = 0.0006 for 4 wks; p = 0.0001 for 8 wks) and the aortic root (p = 0.0061 for 4 wks; p = 0.0079 for 8wks) compared with apoE(-/-) mice. Meanwhile, SAP deficiency inhibited oxLDL-induced foam cell formation (p = 0.0004) compared with apoE(-/-) mice and SAP treatment increases oxLDL-induced foam cell formation (p = 0.002) in RAW cells. Besides, SAP deficiency reduced macrophages recruitment (p = 0.035) in vivo and in vitro (p = 0.026). Furthermore, SAP treatment enhanced CD36 (p = 0.007) and FcγRI (p = 0.031) expression induced by oxLDL through upregulating JNK and p38 MAPK phosphorylation whereas specific JNK1/2 inhibitor reduced CD36 (p = 0.0005) and FcγRI (P = 0.0007) expression in RAW cell. SAP deficiency also significantly decreased the expression of M1 and M2 macrophage markers and inflammatory cytokines in oxLDL-induced macrophages. SAP deficiency mitigated foam cell formation and atherosclerotic development in apoE(-/-) mice, due to reduction in macrophages recruitment, polarization and pro-inflammatory cytokines and inhibition the CD36/FcγR-dependent signaling pathway. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Treatment of acute experimental schistosomiasis Tratamento da esquistossomose aguda experimental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zilton A. Andrade

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available A model of acute schistosomiasis of the mouse was used to observe whether curative treatment would be followed by an enhancement of the hepatic and splenic lesions, as a consequence of the massive destruction of worms and eggs within the portal system. Mice infected with 50 cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni were treated with both oxamniquine and praziquantel on the 50th day of infection and submitted to a sequential histologic examination from the 2nd to the 45th day after treatment. Although severe focal lesions due to dead and disintegranting worms were present in the livers of the treated animals, no aggravation of the general changes (reative hepatitis and splenitis, or periovular granulomas was seen in comparison with a control non-treated group. Of 50 animals treated during the acute phase of schistosomiasis only one died espontaneously, while 16 ou of 30 infected controls died before the end of the experiment. The present investigation indicates that curative treatment during the acute phase of schistosomiasis does not enhance previous lesions at first and results in progressive disappearance of the lesions starting six days following chemotherapy.Foi utilizado um modelo de esquistossomose aguda do camundongo para testar se o tratamentop curativo da parasitose nesta fase poderia produzir uma exacerbação das lesões hepáticas e esplênicas, em virtude da destruição maciça de vermes e ovos nointerior do sistema porta. Camundongos infectados com 50 cercárias do Schistosoma mansoni foram tratados no 50º dia da infecção por uma combinação de oxamniquine e praziquantel e submetidos a exames histopatológicos seqüenciados desde o 2º até o 45º dia após o tratamento. Muito embora tenham sido encontrados lesões focais intensas causadas por vermes mortos no interior do fígado, não foi encontrada qualquer evidência de agravamento das lesões gerais (hepatite reacional e esplenite, ou nos granulomas periovulares quando se fez

  5. Tratamento cirúrgico das bronquiectasias Surgical treatment of bronchiectasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel S Guerra

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência das bronquiectasias diminuiu significativamente nas últimas décadas, principalmente nos países desenvolvidos. Contudo, a ressecção cirúrgica é ainda a alternativa terapêutica para um número significativo de doentes em alguns países, tais como Portugal. Entre 1994 e 2004, operámos 51 doentes com bronquiectasias (29 mulheres e 22 homens, com idades compreendidas entre os 4 e os 65 anos (média=38,6 anos. A duração média dos sintomas foi de 4,8 anos e a indicação cirúrgica foi: insucesso do tratamento médico (49,1%, hemoptises (23,5%, massa pulmonar (17,6% e abcesso (9,8%. Foram realizadas 7 pneumectomias, 3 bilobectomias, 36 lobectomias e 5 segmentectomias. Não houve mortalidade operatória e ocorreram complicações major em 8 doentes (15,7%. O follow-up foi possível em 45 doentes (88,2% durante uma média de 3,4 anos: 35 (77,7% ficaram assintomáticos após a cirurgia, 7 (15,6% melhoraram dos sintomas e 3 (6,7% ficaram na mesma ou pioraram. Apesar dos antibióticos de largo espectro actualmente disponíveis, o insucesso do tratamento médico foi a principal indicação cirúrgica de doentes com bronquiectasias. A cirurgia melhorou os sintomas na maioria dos doentes e esteve associada a um baixo risco de morbi-mortalidade.While the prevalence of bronchiectasis has decreased significantly over recent decades in developed countries, resection for bronchiectasis still plays an important part in thoracic surgery practice in some countries, such as Portugal. Between 1994 and 2004, 51 patients (29 female and 22 male with a mean age of 38.6 years (range 4-65 years underwent pulmonary resection for bronchiectasis. Mean duration of symptoms was 4.8 years. Surgery was indicated because of unsuccessful medical therapy in 25 patients (49.1%, haemoptysis in 12 (23.5%, lung mass in 9 (17.6% and lung abscess in 5 (9.8%. The surgical treatment was pulmonectomy in 7 patients, bilobectomy in 3, lobectomy in 36 and segmentectomy

  6. Tratamento de hérnia umbilical em bovinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Antônio Franco da Silva

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Bovinos jovens são frequentemente acometidos por hérnias umbilicais. Neste trabalho, avaliou-se a ocorrência e estabeleceu-se o tratamento cirúrgico para hérnias umbilicais em bovinos jovens, empregando 78 bezerros distribuídos em seis grupos. Em GI e GIV, na laparorrafia, utilizou-se sutura jaquetão; em GII e GV, jaquetão modificado e, em GIII e GVI, sutura separada simples com pontos de relaxamento. Em GI, GII e GIII utilizou-se fio de algodão e, em GIV, GV e GVI, de náilon. Dados não paramétricos, envolvendo a recuperação dos animais e sua independência ou associações com o padrão de sutura foram analisados pelo teste do Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fisher, fazendo-se uso do programa computacional Statistical Analysis System, a 5% (p < 0,05. Os demais resultados foram analisados descritivamente. A ocorrência de hérnia umbilical em bovinos foi expressiva e a herniorrafia, empregando-se fio de algodão, apresentou maiores complicações pós-operatórias; porém a maioria dos animais recuperou-se. O fio e o padrão de sutura, manejo pós-operatório, resposta individual e o tamanho do anel herniário influenciam na reabilitação dos animais e na redução das complicações pós-operatórias.

  7. Intervalos entre tratamentos inseticidas Interval between insecticide treatments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz O. T. Mendes

    1959-01-01

    Full Text Available Admitindo que as populações de insetos crescem segundo a lei logística, o autor, partindo de uma equação que a descreve, apresenta uma fórmula que permite estabelecer o intervalo de tempo que deve decorrer entre os tratamentos inseticidas, para que a infestação por uma praga não exceda um limite pré-estabelecido. O valor de t (intervalo, expresso em número de gerações do inseto depende do potencial biótico da espécie, da eficiência do inseticida e do nível de infestação que se estabelecer como máximo permissível. Os resultados teóricos são discutidos e mostram a possibilidade de sua comprovação por meio de populações de insetos mantidas em laboratório, como fase preliminar à sua aplicação no campo.Based on the assumption that the growth of insect populations follows the logistic law, the author developed an equation for the determination of the time interval between insecticide treatments: t= {lpg [100-Po (1-E / (1 - E (100 -Po]} / log p where t = time interval between treatments expressed in number of generations of the species; Po = maximum percentage of infestation, that must not be surpassed (from 0,00 to 100,00; E = efficiency of the insecticide (from 0,00 to 1,00; p = reproduction potential of the species. The theoretical results are discussed.

  8. Tratamento cirúrgico da cisticircose da fossa craniana posterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Garcia Lopes

    1971-03-01

    Full Text Available A cisticercose, um dos mais sérios problemas parasitológicos do sistema nervoso, apresenta, quando localizada na fossa posterior, um quadro clínico dramático, no qual predomina a hipertensão intracraniana. Foram estudados neste trabalho, 70 pacientes com cisticercose de fossa craniana posterior, atendidos no Serviço de Neurocirurgia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo de 1945 a 1968. Considerando-se a grande diversidade existente em torno das técnicas de tratamento cirúrgico, foi objetivo deste trabalho o estudo dos resultados obtidos nestes pacientes, nos quais várias técnicas foram empregadas. As cirurgias paliativas que derivam o trânsito do líquido cefalorraqueano para regiões extracranianas, quando comparadas aos outros tipos de cirurgias utilizados, foram as que proporcionaram maior índice de recuperação, exigiram menos reoperações, além de terem sido acompanhadas de menor número de complicações, bem como de menor mortalidade pós-operatória. Por outro lado, a neurocisticercose geralmente é um processo difuso, encontrando-se parasitas em várias regiões do encéfalo e/ou aracnoidite, conforme comprovou-se, também, entre os casos ora reunidos e que vieram a falecer. Baseando-se nestes fatos, não se justificam as derivações intracranianas e, a não ser eventualmente, a abordagem direta do parasita. Os casos estudados permitem cone- tatar, portanto, que as derivações extracranianas, por sua simplicidade e eficácia, apresentam-se, atualmente, como a terapêutica cirúrgica mais propriada à cisticercose de fossa craniana posterior.

  9. Laser de diodo no tratamento da retinopatia da prematuridade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liarth Josilene de Carvalho Soares

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar a eficácia do laser de diodo e suas complicações no tratamento da retinopatia da prematuridade, estágio 3 limiar. Métodos: De 348 crianças pré-termo examinadas na Clínica Oftalmológica do Hospital Getúlio Vargas e Instituto de Olhos do Piauí, em Teresina, Piauí, no período de julho/89 a março/99, 152 (43,7% apresentaram retinopatia da prematuridade. As crianças com retinopatia da prematuridade no estágio 3 limiar foram submetidas a laserablação retiniana com laser de diodo indireto, no centro cirúrgico, sob anestesia geral. Resultados: Vinte crianças (38 olhos foram submetidas a laserablação retiniana. Doze pacientes (80,0% tiveram regressão da retinopatia e três (20,0% evoluíram para o estágio 5. Cinco crianças não retornaram para controle, sendo excluídas do estudo quanto aos resultados do laser. Não foram observadas complicações oculares. Cinco crianças apresentaram apnéia relacionada à anestesia. Conclusões: Neste grupo de crianças, o laser de diodo foi eficaz em 80,0% dos pacientes tratados. As complicações encontradas (cinco casos de apnéia se relacionaram possivelmente à anestesia geral.

  10. Impressive Offshore Rig Built &apos;&apos;in the Woods&apos;&apos;. Bentec launched new 2500 hp drilling rig for the Mittelplate field development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2005-06-01

    In May international rig design and manufacturer Bentec Drilling and Oilfield Systems, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Abbot Group plc, unveiled the new 2500 hp rig T-150 it has been building for the Mittelplate Consortium (RWE Dea AG as operator/Wintershall AG) at Bentec&apos;s manufacturing facility &apos;&apos;in the woods&apos;&apos; of Bad Bentheim, Germany. (orig.)

  11. &apos;&apos;Confession statement against the nuclear nation&apos;&apos;. The protestant church in Germany and the conflicts concerning nuclear energy 1970 - 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schuering, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The book on &apos;&apos;Confession statement against the nuclear nation&apos;&apos; discusses the conflicts of the protestant church in Germany concerning nuclear energy in 1970 - 1990. The introduction covers the state of research and the historical sources. The following chapters discuss the issues philosophic-ideological fundamentals: atomic energy and theology, the political church, the new protest culture and comparative perspectives: the catholic perspective, Three Mile Island&apos;s shadow.

  12. Plan piloto para el diseño de campañas de “Comunicación Saludable”, mediante la sistematización teórica – metodológica de la ejecución de una campaña, que permita obtener nuevas herramientas y técnicas de varios tipos de marketing.

    OpenAIRE

    Custode Rueda, Miguel Antonio; Tapia Cárdenas, Cydia Carolina; Vinueza Moscoso, Ana Gabriela

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo principal de esta tesis es elaborar herramientas que permitan estructurar campañas de comunicación incluyentes, que a su vez abran las puertas a un cambio ciudadano. La nueva propuesta ha sido denominada como campañas de “Comunicación Saludable” y son aquellas que usan la tecnología, herramientas de varios tipos de márquetin y la comunicación, para difundir información que genere diálogo, sobre un determinado tema social. Dicha iniciativa se apoya en la Teoría Critica de la Escuel...

  13. The &apos;Transnuklear affair&apos; and its consequences. Die &apos;Transnuklear-Affaere&apos; und ihre Auswirkungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brinkert, M.

    1992-03-01

    The &apos;Bribe&apos; and &apos;Drum&apos; Affairs and suspected proliferation in connection with Transnuklear GmbH public around the turn of 1987/88. Many members of the press wished them to speed up the process of opting out of nuclear power. However, none of the accusations specifically related to nuclear power leveled at that time turned out to be tenable. Instead, all violations of the law which had been detected could have been punished in the same way as in any other branch of industry. As a consequence, the impacts arising to regulatory structures in the nuclear sector, especially the measures taken by the Federal Government, may be considered to have been unjustified in scope. The TN Affair and the associated litigation has caused a great deal of confidence in nuclear power to be lost, which now has to be reclaimed by purposeful public relations efforts. (orig.).

  14. Computerized axial tomography of the chest for visualization of &apos;'absent'&apos; pulmonary arteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sondheimer, H.M. (Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse, NY); Oliphant, M.; Schneider, B.; Kavey, R.E.W.; Blackman, M.S.; Parker, F.B. Jr.

    1982-05-01

    To expand the search for central pulmonary arteries in six patients with absence of cardiac-pulmonary continuity, computerized axial tomography (CAT) of the chest was performed. The CAT scans were compared with previous arteriograms and pulmonary vein wedge angiograms. Three patients with type IV truncus arteriosus were studied, and none had a central, right or left pulmonary artery on CAT scan. However, two patients with tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia and a patent ductus arteriosus to the right lung demonstrated the presence of a left pulmonary artery. In addition, one child with truncus arteriosus with &apos;'absent'&apos; left pulmonary artery demonstrated a left pulmonary artery on the CAT scan. The CAT scan may therefore enhance our ability to search for disconnected pulmonary arteries in children with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease.

  15. Metrology for the radiological early warning system in Europe. The &apos;'MetroERM'&apos; project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the European radiological early warning system about 5500 stationary sensors are actually implemented that measure continuously the local dose rate. Alongside several hundred air dust collecting systems attribute to the measurement of airborne radioactivity. The local dose rates are transmitted hourly to a central data base that is operated on behalf of the EU commission. In significantly larger time intervals the measured data of the airborne radioactivity are transmitted. In case of a cross-border radiological accident these data are the basis for recommendations given by the EU commission to the member states for national counter measures. The focus of the project &apos;&apos;Metrology for radiological early warning networks in Europe&apos;&apos; is an improvement of the metrological quality and harmonization these data and the development of improved measuring systems and evaluation methods.

  16. Aharonov-Bohm effect for a fermion field in a planar black hole &apos;'spacetime'&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anacleto, M.A.; Mohammadi, A. [Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Departamento de Fisica, Caixa Postal 10071, Campina Grande, Paraiba (Brazil); Brito, F.A. [Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Departamento de Fisica, Caixa Postal 10071, Campina Grande, Paraiba (Brazil); Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Departamento de Fisica, Caixa Postal 5008, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba (Brazil); Passos, E. [Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Departamento de Fisica, Caixa Postal 10071, Campina Grande, Paraiba (Brazil); Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Fisica, Caixa Postal 21945, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

    2017-04-15

    In this paper we consider the dynamics of a massive spinor field in the background of the acoustic black hole spacetime. Although this effective metric is acoustic and describes the propagation of sound waves, it can be considered as a toy model for the gravitational black hole. In this manner, we study the properties of the dynamics of the fermion field in this &apos;'gravitational'&apos; rotating black hole as well as the vortex background. We compute the differential cross section through the use of the partial wave approach and show that an effect similar to the gravitational Aharonov-Bohm effect occurs for the massive fermion field moving in this effective metric. We discuss the limiting cases and compare the results with the massless scalar field case. (orig.)

  17. Hawai&apos;i&apos;s EVolution: Hawai&apos;i Powered. Technology Driven. (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-05-01

    This Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) brochure outlines Hawaii&apos;s energy and transportation goals and the implementation of electric vehicles (EV) and electric vehicle infrastructure since HCEI began in 2008. It includes information about Hawaii&apos;s role in leading the nation in available EV charging infrastructure per capita; challenges for continuing to implement EV technology; features on various successful EV users, including the Hawaiian Electric Company, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, and Senator Mike Gabbard; how EVs can integrate into and help propel Hawaii&apos;s evolving smart grid; and much more.

  18. Fatores associados aos tratamentos inadequados em grupo de portadores de tuberculose multirresistente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barroso Elizabeth Clara

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A tuberculose multirresistente é uma ameaça ao controle da tuberculose em todo o mundo. Tratamento inadequado é freqüentemente apontado como fator de risco para tuberculose multirresistente. OBJETIVO: Identificar fatores associados ao tratamento inadequado em portadores de tuberculose multirresistente. MÉTODO: Foram levantados e identificados os testes de sensibilidade para tuberculose, realizados no Laboratório Central do Estado do Ceará de 1990 a 1999. Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo e prospectivo, em grupo de portadores de tuberculose multirresistente, comparando as características dos pacientes com tratamento adequado com as dos com tratamentos inadequados. Foi considerado multirresistente o bacilo resistente a pelo menos rifampicina + isoniazida e utilizado o método das proporções. RESULTADOS: Dos 1.500 testes de sensibilidade realizados, 266 eram multirresistentes. Destes, identificaram-se apenas 153 pacientes, dos quais 19 foram excluídos, restando, no estudo, 134 pacientes. Pela análise univariada os fatores associados significativamente ao tratamento inadequado foram: não-adesão ao tratamento, pobreza extrema, intolerância medicamentosa, falha no atendimento, falta de medicação, dois ou mais tratamentos anteriores, lesões radiológicas bilaterais e grandes cavidades pulmonares. Foi encontrada ainda associação (p < 0,001 de alcoolismo e/ou tabagismo com a não-adesão. Na análise multivariada, permaneceram associados ao tratamento inadequado: dois ou mais tratamentos anteriores (p < 0,0001, OR = 5,9; IC 95%: 2,5-13,7, grandes cavidades pulmonares (p < 0,0217, OR = 2,7; IC 95%: 1,2-6,1 e lesões radiológicas bilaterais (p < 0,0226, OR = 3,2; IC 95%: 1,4-7,4. CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo, observou-se que os fatores associados aos tratamentos inadequados são de grande abrangência. Deve existir uma tentativa para controlar melhor a doença, principalmente nos pacientes em retratamento e nos portadores

  19. Iran&apos;s &apos;Risk-Taking&apos; in Perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shahram, Chubin

    2008-07-01

    Assessing any state&apos;s intentions is a difficult undertaking - especially at a specific moment in time. When a state is considered hostile, its behaviour erratic, and its system opaque, what is difficult under normal circumstances becomes nearly impossible. It may thus often seem prudent to attribute the worst of intentions to such states, but this can create a self-fulfilling prophecy. Iran with its revolutionary pretensions, fiery rhetoric and nuclear ambitions, is a case in point, since it is particularly difficult to &apos;read&apos;. Located in the centre of a geo-politically sensitive and conflict-driven area, Iran is in a position to influence - positively or otherwise - the Persian Gulf, the Caucasus, the Middle East and South Asia. This influence may furthermore be expanding as a result of the weakening of Iraq and Lebanon, divisions among the Palestinians, and the more general rise of the Shi&apos;i across the broader region. Add to this the ambiguous aims of Iran&apos;s nuclear programme and the shadow this has already thrown across the region, and the need to assess Iran&apos;s intentions accurately appears crucial. Here, Iran&apos;s past behavior may provide some help, especially when it comes to Iran&apos;s proclivity for risk taking - provided the acquisition of a nuclear capability does not alter Iran&apos;s intentions or behavior so as to make the past irrelevant. Some commentators believe that Iran&apos;s ideology and past behaviour suggest that a nuclear-capable Iran will be inclined to take on a high level of risk, without concern for the potential costs of this recklessness, and that Iran may perhaps even welcome the risks involved. By contrast, the recent National Intelligence Estimate (NIE), a composite of US intelligence agency estimates, has concluded that Iran&apos;s &apos;decisions are guided by a cost-benefit approach&apos; and therefore &apos;may be more vulnerable to influence&apos; than they had previously (i.e.2005) judged. These

  20. Maxwell&apos;s ether

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Theocharis, T.

    1983-03-12

    A new interpretation of Maxwell&apos;s electromagnetic theory of light is proposed, namely that the ambient Coulomb field is the medium (Maxwell&apos;s ether) of the electromagnetic radiation fields (Maxwellian waves). This investigation implies an incompleteness of the experimental foundations of the principle of special relativity, and suggests how this principle could be tested more fully. The beginning of an attempt to shape this re-interpretation in the form of an alternative theory is outlined.

  1. The effects of the apoE4 genotype on the developing mouse retina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maharshak, Idit; Salomon-Zimri, Shiran; Antes, Ran; Liraz, Ori; Nisgav, Yael; Livnat, Tami; Weinberger, Dov; Colton, Carol A; Solomon, Arieh S; Michaelson, Daniel M

    2016-04-01

    Apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4), the most prevalent genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), is associated with neuronal and vascular impairments. The retina, which is as an extension of the central nervous system (CNS), is a particularly suitable model for studying developmental and functional aspects of the neuronal and vascular systems. This study investigates the apoE4-dependent developmental effects on the retinal vasculature and neuronal systems and on the levels of apoE and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the retina. This was performed utilizing retinas of 4, 7, 12, and of 120-day-old human-apoE4-targeted replacement mice and of corresponding mice that express the AD benign isoform, apoE3. The results obtained revealed retinal vascular pathology in the apoE4 mice, which started on the early post-natal days. This includes transient increase in vascular branching, and vascular buds which are round vascular elements representing sprouting or retracting vessels. These effects peaked and ended during the neonatal period. Examination of the synaptic system utilizing the pre-synaptic marker synaptophysin revealed a significant decrease of retinal synaptic density in the apoE4 mice, which was detectable by post-natal day 12 (P12). These morphological changes are associated with neonatal age-dependent elevation in the apoE levels in both apoE3 and apoE4 retinas which is more profound in the apoE4 mice and a corresponding increase in VEGF levels, which is less profound in the apoE4 mice. Additionally, we observed lower levels of retinal VEGF in the apoE4 mice compared to the apoE3 mice retinas on P12. These results show that apoE4 has a transient vascular effect during retinal development that ends in the neonatal period, which is accompanied by a synaptic effect that begins at the end of the neonatal period. These findings show that the apoE4 genotype can have distinct developmental effects on both the retinal vasculature and on neurons and

  2. ApoE4-specific Misfolded Intermediate Identified by Molecular Dynamics Simulations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benfeard Williams

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD is associated with the APOE gene, which encodes for three variants of Apolipoprotein E, namely E2, E3, E4, differing only by two amino acids at positions 112 and 158. ApoE4 is known to be the strongest risk factor for AD onset, while ApoE3 and ApoE2 are considered to be the AD-neutral and AD-protective isoforms, respectively. It has been hypothesized that the ApoE isoforms may contribute to the development of AD by modifying the homeostasis of ApoE physiological partners and AD-related proteins in an isoform-specific fashion. Here we find that, despite the high sequence similarity among the three ApoE variants, only ApoE4 exhibits a misfolded intermediate state characterized by isoform-specific domain-domain interactions in molecular dynamics simulations. The existence of an ApoE4-specific intermediate state can contribute to the onset of AD by altering multiple cellular pathways involved in ApoE-dependent lipid transport efficiency or in AD-related protein aggregation and clearance. We present what we believe to be the first structural model of an ApoE4 misfolded intermediate state, which may serve to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the role of ApoE4 in AD pathogenesis. The knowledge of the structure for the ApoE4 folding intermediate provides a new platform for the rational design of alternative therapeutic strategies to fight AD.

  3. Custos com antimicrobianos no tratamento de pacientes com infecção

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Cristina de Oliveira

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Os custos relacionados ao tratamento antimicrobiano de pacientes com infecções da corrente sanguínea causadas por microrganismos resistentes têm sido pouco explorados. Objetivo:Comparar os custos diretos do tratamento antimicrobiano de pacientes com infecção da corrente sanguínea causada por Staphylococcus aureus resistente e sensível à oxacilina (mrsa e mssa, respectivamente. Metodologia: Tratou-se de uma coorte histórica, realizada em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. Foram incluídos pacientes com infecção da corrente sanguínea por Staphylococcus aureus, entre março de 2007 e março de 2011. Utilizaram-se os registros dos prontuários, da comissão de controle de infecção hospitalar e do sistema de finanças do hospital, sendo realizada análise univariada. Resultados: Fizeram parte do estudo 31 pacientes tanto no grupo infectado por mrsa, quanto naquele infectado por mssa. De acordo com a análise univariada, o direcionamento do tratamento reduziu o espectro de ação dos antibióticos utilizados e os custos (p ; 0,001 e a resistência bacteriana esteve relacionada a um maior gasto com o tratamento antimicrobiano empírico (p = 0,05, não sendo encontrada associação para tratamentos direcionado e total. Conclusão: A resistência bacteriana pode influenciar os custos com tratamento antimicrobiano, sendo necessários mais estudos sobre o tema, avaliando especificamente tratamento antimicrobiano.

  4. Sintomas de pacientes em tratamento oncológico = Symptoms of patients undergoing oncological treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brateibach, Valdecir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Associar sintomas de pacientes em tratamento oncológico com o tipo de tratamento, faixa etária e sexo. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo observacional, transversal e analítico; realizado com 480 pacientes em tratamento atendidos em um Centro de Alta Complexidade de Tratamento para Câncer no Sul do Brasil no período de abril a dezembro de 2011. Resultados: A média de idade dos entrevistados foi de 58,23 (DP=13,11 anos. Os sintomas mais freqüentes nos pacientes em tratamento quimioterápico antineoplásico foram a fadiga e a dor com 78,5%, o que corresponde a 238 pacientes, seguido de constipação e insônia com 51,8% e 47,5%, respectivamente, e principalmente no sexo feminino. Na comparação das médias dos sintomas conforme o tratamento, náuseas e vômitos apresentaram associação com p=0,013, enquanto na comparação dos sintomas com os ciclos de vida náuseas e vômitos apresentaram p=0,05 e 0,24, respectivamente. Conclusão: O estudo evidencia associação estatística dos sintomas náuseas e vômitos com o ciclo de vida e tratamento, e revela maiores queixas entre as mulheres. Estes dados podem ser utilizados na prática assistencial, auxiliando na individualização da assistência

  5. A Survey of Open Clusters in the u&apos;g'r'i'z&apos; Filter System. 3. Results for the Cluster NGC 188

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fornal, Bartosz; Tucker, Douglas L.; Smith, J.Allyn; Allam, Sahar S.; Rider, Cristin J.; Sung, Hwankyung; /Jagiellonian U. /Fermilab /Austin Peay State U. /Wyoming U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Sejong U.

    2006-11-01

    The authors continue the series of papers describing the results of a photometric survey of open star clusters, primarily in the southern hemisphere, taken in the u&apos;g'r'i'z&apos; filter system. The entire observed sample covered more than 100 clusters, but here they present data only on NGC 188, which is one of the oldest open clusters known in the Milky Way. They fit the Padova theoretical isochrones to the data. Assuming a solar metallicity for NGC 188, they find a distance of 1700 {+-} 100 pc, an age of 7.5 {+-} 0.7 Gyr, and a reddening E(B-V) of 0.025 {+-} 0.005. This yields a distance modulus of 11.23 {+-} 0.14.

  6. Developmentally regulated expression of a human &apos;'finger'&apos; - containing gene encoded by the 5&apos; half of the ret transforming gene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, M.; Inaguma, Y.; Hiai, H.; Hirose, F.

    1988-04-01

    The authors isolated and sequenced a cDNA clone of the human gene encoded by the 5&apos; half of the ret transforming gene. The nucleotide sequence indicates that it encodes a protein with &apos;'finger'&apos; structures which represent putative metal- and nucleic acid-binding domains. Transcriptions of this gene was detected at high levels in a variety of human and rodent tumor cell lines, mouse testis, and embryos. In addition, a unique transcript was observed in testis RNA. When the expression of the unique transcript was examined at different stages of spermatogenesis, a striking increase in mRNA levels accompanied progression from meiotic prophase pachytene spermatocytes to postmeiotic round spermatids. This finger-containing gene may thus function in male germ cell development.

  7. Class I HDAC inhibition is a novel pathway for regulating astrocytic apoE secretion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dresselhaus, Erica; Duerr, James M; Vincent, Fabien; Sylvain, Emily K; Beyna, Mercedes; Lanyon, Lorraine F; LaChapelle, Erik; Pettersson, Martin; Bales, Kelly R; Ramaswamy, Gayathri

    2018-01-01

    Despite the important role of apolipoprotein E (apoE) secretion from astrocytes in brain lipid metabolism and the strong association of apoE4, one of the human apoE isoforms, with sporadic and late onset forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) little is known about the regulation of astrocytic apoE. Utilizing annotated chemical libraries and a phenotypic screening strategy that measured apoE secretion from a human astrocytoma cell line, inhibition of pan class I histone deacetylases (HDACs) was identified as a mechanism to increase apoE secretion. Knocking down select HDAC family members alone or in combination revealed that inhibition of the class I HDAC family was responsible for enhancing apoE secretion. Knocking down LXRα and LXRβ genes revealed that the increase in astrocytic apoE in response to HDAC inhibition occurred via an LXR-independent pathway. Collectively, these data suggest that pan class I HDAC inhibition is a novel pathway for regulating astrocytic apoE secretion.

  8. Impact of ApoE genotypes variations on Toxoplasma patients with dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yahya, Raida S; Awad, Soha I; El-Baz, Hatim A; Saudy, Niveen; Abdelsalam, Osama A; Al-Din, Mohamed S Shehab

    2017-05-01

    Toxoplasma deprives host neuron cells from cholesterol and leads to its ability to potentiate dementia. ApoE intermediates neuronal transmission of cholesterol, which is a key constituent for axonal development, redesigning occasions that are important for education and synaptic arrangement, development of memory and repair of neuron. The aim of this work is to investigate the effect of ApoE genotypes on dementia associated with neurodegeneration in latent Toxoplasma gondii in elderly population. This study comprised: 133 patients with dementia (78 were positive for toxoplasma IgG and 55 were negative) and 95 subjects as control group without dementia (30 were positive for toxoplasma IgG and 65 were negative). All of them were subjected to a cognitive assessment, T. gondii seropositivity (ELISA) and determination of ApoE allelic forms (PCR). The ApoE genotype distribution shows that the most predominant genotype is ApoE3/3 and the most widely recognized allele is E3. Both patients and control were further divided into Toxoplasma IgG positive group (n=108) and Toxoplasma IgG negative group (n=120). ApoE4 non carrier, ApoE 2/3 and ApoE 3/3 alleles have highly significant differences (PToxoplasma infected patients in comparison to non-infected ones. Toxoplasma positive patients have more risk to develop dementia regardless ApoE4 carriage. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Diagnóstico e tratamento das lombalgias e lombociatalgias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AV Brazil

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIÇÃO DO MÉTODO DE COLETA DE EVIDÊNCIAS: Reunião consensual e multidisciplinar para elaboração do texto com inclusão das citações bibliográficas, numa colaboração das especialidades de reumatologia, ortopedia e traumatologia, neurocirurgia, radiologia, medicina física e reabilitação e patologia da coluna vertebral. A partir de um texto básico referencial elaborado pelo editor médico, os participantes, divididos em cinco grupos de trabalho, geraram, por acréscimos e subtrações ao texto básico, recomendações aprovadas, posteriormente, em plenária, que permitiram a edição de um texto preliminar. O documento do consenso foi veiculado pela Internet, para consulta pública, tendo recebido várias sugestões e comentários de especialistas no assunto. As propostas foram devidamente avaliadas por uma comissão julgadora e revisora, que selecionou as que foram incorporadas ao texto preliminar. O editor médico, a partir da versão revisada, chegou ao texto final publicado, que recebeu da Biblioteca Nacional o ISBN n° 85-901548-1-5. Uma versão resumida do referido consenso, com algumas adequações, foi elaborada em trabalho colaborativo entre o editor médico e a comissão técnica do projeto diretrizes AMB/CFM. GRAU DE RECOMENDAÇÃO E FORÇA DE EVIDÊNCIA: A: Grandes ensaios clínicos aleatorizados e meta-análises. B: Estudos clínicos e observacionais bem desenhados. C: Relatos e séries de casos clínicos. D: Publicações baseadas em consensos ou opiniões de especialistas. OBJETIVOS: Oferecer informações sobre o diagnóstico e tratamento das lombalgias e lombociatalgias. PROCEDIMENTOS: Diagnósticos e terapêuticos para as lombalgias e lombociatalgias.

  10. Design of the fuel element &apos;snow-flake&apos; in uranium oxide, canned with aluminium, for the experimental reactor EL 3 (1960); Etude d&apos;un element combustible en oxyde d&apos;uranium gaine d&apos;aluminium, type &apos;&apos;cristal de neige&apos;&apos; pour la pile EL 3 (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gauthron, M.; Guibert, B. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1960-07-01

    This report sums up the main studies have been carried out on the fuel element &apos;Snowflake&apos; (uranium oxide, canned with aluminium), designed to replace the present element of the experimental reactor EL3 in order to increase the reactivity without modifying the neutron flux/thermal power ratio. (author) [French] Ce rapport resume les principales etudes qui ont ete faites sur l&apos;element combustible &apos;Cristal de Neige&apos; (a oxyde d&apos;uranium, gaine d&apos;aluminium) destine a remnlacer l&apos;element actuel du reacteur experimental EL3, afin d&apos;en augmenter la reactivite sans modifier le rapport flux neutronique-puissance thermique. (auteur)

  11. The Novel SCN&apos;&apos;- Ion-selective Electrode Based on the 1-Benzyl-3-(4-nitrophenyl) thio-urea Ionophore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kyung Mi; Kang, Dong Hyeon; Choe, Ju Eun; You, Jung Min; Go, Min Jeong; Lee, Jung Seong; Jeon, Seung Won [Chungnam National University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-15

    A potentiometric sensor based on the 1-benzyl-3-(4-nitrophenyl) thio-urea was synthesized and tested as an ionophore in PVC based membrane sensor towards SCN - ions. This membrane exhibits a linear stable response over a wide concentration range (1.0 × 10&apos;&apos;-5 to 1.0 × 10&apos;&apos;-2 M) with a slope of -59.2 mV/dec., a detection limit of log[SCN&apos;&apos;- ] = -5.05, and a selectivity coefficient for thiocyanate against perchlorate anion of logK{sub s}cn&apos;&apos;pot = -0.133. The selectivity series of the membrane is as follows: SCN&apos;&apos;- > ClO{sub 4}&apos;&apos;- > I&apos;&apos;- >NO{sub 3}&apos;&apos;- >HSO{sub 3}&apos;&apos;- > Cl&apos;&apos;-HSO{sub &apos;}'-'&apos;4 > F&apos;&apos;- > CH{sub 3}COO&apos;&apos;- > HCO&apos;'-'&apos;3 > Br&apos;&apos;- > H{sub 2}PO{sub 4}&apos;&apos;- > SO{sub 3}&apos;'-'&apos;2 > SO{sub 4}&apos;'-'&apos;2 > CO{sub 3}&apos;'-'&apos;2. The proposed electrode showed good selectivity and a good response for the SCN&apos;&apos;- ion over a wide variety of other anions in pH 6.0 buffer solutions and has a fast response time of about < 5s.. The influences of the membrane by pH, ionophore, and plasticizer were studied.

  12. Optimisation of biological reactors using the &apos;biological resonance&apos; phenomenon; Ansatz zur Optimierung biologischer Reinigungsstufen durch das Phaenomen der &apos;&apos;Biologischen Resonanz&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, A.

    2003-07-01

    The microbial catabolic activity of biological reactors can be increased by up to 75% through external stimulation with intermittent stress loads at intervals of several minutes. Under these process conditions, the &apos;&apos;biological resonance&apos;&apos; phenomenon determines the system and leads to an increased synthesis of enzymes. In addition to computer simulations, experiments with activated sludge were carried out in a 10-litre bioreactor. By modulating the stress intervals, a permanent increase in catabolic activity of about 60% was achieved during these experiments. By relying on the &apos;&apos;biological resonance&apos;&apos; phenomenon, the required reaction volume of biological treatment units can probably be reduced by up to 40%. (orig.)

  13. Energy and the new class. [Assault of &apos;&apos;new breed&apos;&apos; of American on established institutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    King, L.

    1979-03-14

    The bounty of the US is taken for granted by its population. Nowhere is this misvaluation of a society and its benefits more evident than in the energy industries. But energy represents a tool by which society can be shaped; a device by which the standared of living and the very nature of the national lifestyle can be controlled, modified, amplified, or reduced. Two examples examined to show how energy shapes social order and human life are the women&apos;s movement and the desire to live in the Sunbelt. Five phenomena are then examined to point out the desire to restrain the nation&apos;s rampant pursuit of a higher standard of living, as opposed to the more subjective and seemingly more desirable goal of a better quality of life: the civil rights movement; the environmental movement; the Vietnam War; the Watergate scandal; and the assumption that prosperity at today&apos;s level is irreducible, concrete, and not subject to diminution. The &apos;&apos;new class&apos;&apos; is essentially made up of those educated in the liberal arts, divorced from an understanding of the mechanics of free-enterprise institutions and of the sicences. The antagonistic view of the new class of corporations and its assault on established institutions are noted. Energy companies are frustrated in telling their story, but the story that must be told is not the story of how excellently the energy sector has performed, but the story of how a new breed of Americans is seeking to remake America in its own image without the rest being aware of what is going on. (MCW)

  14. Tratamento cirúrgico das valvopatias: Parte 3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo M Braile

    Full Text Available Este trabalho, subdividido em três partes, apresentou breve histórico da cirurgia cardíaca, com ênfase a cirurgia valvar e substitutos valvulares, empregados com sucesso na década de 60, inicialmente com próteses mecânicas, seguidas pelas heterólogas após a introdução do glutaraldeído para preservação dos tecidos biológicos. As indicações básicas para operar lesões valvares consistem em alívio dos sintomas, prevenção das complicações e da mortalidade. Foram descritos, também, na primeira parte da publicação, aspectos da indicação cirúrgica, com ênfase em estenose e insuficiência das valvas mitral, aórtica, tricúspide e pulmonar, endocardite infecciosa ativa e da conduta pré-operatória, além da caracterização das diferentes próteses valvulares cardíacas mecânicas e biológicas existentes no mercado e suas complicações mais freqüentes. O tratamento cirúrgico das valvopatias, incluindo técnica operatória para troca de valvas mitral, aórtica, tricúspide e pulmonar, condutas anestésica e pós-operatória e reoperações foram abordados na segunda parte da publicação. O trabalho foi concluído considerando as situações especiais, como tratamento cirúrgico na endocardite em valvas mitral, tricúspide e aórtica, cuja incidência é maior que na mitral e a causa mais comum de insuficiência aórtica aguda. O desenvolvimento da endocardite tem fisiopatologia diferente quando comparado às próteses e valvas naturais, com morbi-mortalidade maior que a observada nas valvas nativas. Existem fatores que aumentam o risco de endocardite em valva nativa, raça negra, próteses mecânicas, sexo masculino e longo tempo de circulação extracorpórea. A interação clínico-cirúrgica parece influenciar de forma decisiva na obtenção de melhores resultados para essa lesão. Finalmente, foi registrada a nossa experiência com próteses biológicas em posição mitral e aórtica com 11 e 10 anos de seguimento

  15. Tratamento cirúrgico da cifose patológica Surgical treatment of pathological kyphosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helton Luiz Aparecido Defino

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudados 13 pacientes com cifose patológica de diferentes etiologias (Doença de Scheuermann, espondilite anquilosante, congênita, tuberculose vertebral, sequela de laminectomia e síndrome de Morquio, que foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico. A cifose pré-operatória variou de 75 a 100 graus (média 73,3 graus e a média dos valores após o tratamento cirúrgico foi de 42,3 graus. O tipo de tratamento realizado estava relacionado com as características da cifose (raio longo ou curto, flexibilidade e magnitude, e são apresentadas as diferentes técnicas e filosofia de tratamento dos autores para o tratamento cirúrgico dessa modalidade de deformidade vertebral.Thirteen patients with pathologic kyphosis from different ethiologies (Scheuermann's disease, ankylosing spondilitis, congenital, vertebral tuberculosis, post laminectomy and Morquio's syndrome who underwent surgical treatment were studied. Preoperative kyphosis ranged from 75° to 100° (average 73.3° and postoperatively averaged 42.3°. The treatment performed was based on kyphosis characteristics (long or short radius, flexibility, magnitude. The different techniques are presented as well as authors' philosophy for surgical treatment of this kind of vertebral deformity.

  16. 2001-2003 &apos;&apos;public utility&apos;&apos; contract between the French government and Gaz de France; Contrat de &apos;&apos;service public&apos;&apos; 2001-2003 entre l&apos;etat et Gaz de France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    The &apos;&apos;public utility&apos;&apos; contract aims at specifying the actions of Gaz de France (GdF), the French gas utility, in terms of national development and public utility presence at the local scale. It extends and completes the &apos;contract of group&apos; established between the government and GdF in the domain of quality of the services offered to clients, development of gas infrastructures and extension of gas supplies, and sustainable development. (J.S.)

  17. Cuts in energy and operating cost with the Swiss system &apos;Energie in ARA&apos; - practical experience in Germany; Energie- und Betriebskosteneinsparungen nach dem schweizerischen System &apos;&apos;Energie in ARA&apos;&apos; - Praxiserfahrungen in Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christmann, B. [UmBAUwelt Partnerschaft Architekten und Ingenieure, Riedstadt (Germany)

    1999-07-01

    German sewage treatment plants, too, have potential for saving energy cost and cutting down on their operating expenditure. Following the systematy developed by the &apos;Energie in ARA&apos; concept, this potential can be harnessed. (orig.) [German] Potential fuer Energiekosteneinsparungen und dadurch initiierte Betriebskosteneinsparungen ist auch bei deutschen Klaeranlagen vorhanden. Die Systematik &apos;Energie in ARA&apos; kann fuer die Erschliessung der Einsparpotentiale verwendet werden. (orig.)

  18. Reflection group on &apos;Expert Culture&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eggermont, G

    2000-07-01

    As part of SCK-CEN&apos;s social sciences and humanities programme, a reflection group on &apos;Expert Culture&apos; was established. The objectives of the reflection group are: (1) to clarify the role of SCK-CEN experts; (2) to clarify the new role of expertise in the evolving context of risk society; (3) to confront external views and internal SCK-CEN experiences on expert culture; (4) to improve trust building of experts and credibility of SCK-CEN as a nuclear actor in society; (5) to develop a draft for a deontological code; (6) to integrate the approach in training on assertivity and communication; (7) to create an output for a topical day on the subject of expert culture. The programme, achievements and perspectives of the refection group are summarised.

  19. &apos;&apos;Rio+20 on site&apos;&apos;. Communities on their way to sustainability. Examples from Germany; &apos;&apos;Rio+20 vor Ort&apos;&apos;. Kommunen auf dem Weg zur Nachhaltigkeit. Beispiele aus Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nolting, Katrin; Goell, Edgar

    2012-03-15

    20 years ago, the international community adopted the concept of &apos;sustainable development&apos; as a model for the 21st century adopted in order to meet the growing challenges facing the mankind. With Agenda 21, the UN presented a global action plan for the implementation of such a sustainable development. This brochure provides an insight into sustainability activities at local level in Germany. It is shown how such activities result in future-oriented and exemplary developments in some areas and selected areas of action.

  20. Crisis - Weisskopf&apos;s view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    &apos;We are facing a crisis, not only in particle physics but in the whole of fundamental science&apos;, said Victor Weisskopf, doyen of quantum physics, during his traditional summer CERN stopover. &apos;Basic science - science for its own sake - and especially high energy physics, is really in danger.&apos; As well as explaining how this has come about, the former CERN Director General (1961-5) proposed action to reverse the trend. Rather than dividing science into the conventional &apos;big&apos; and &apos;small&apos; camps, he slices across another axis. On one hand there is obviously applicable &apos;terrestrial science&apos; - biology, medicine, solid state, much of the nuclear sector, nonlinear behaviour, chaos,....all directly connected with processes that happen on Earth. On the other there is &apos;cosmic science&apos; - astronomy, astrophysics, particle physics and some of the nuclear sector - addressing deeper issues, not attainable naturally on this planet at all, and where applications are less immediately obvious. (This classification is not completely watertight - even cosmic science can, and does, foster immediate spinoff, Weisskopf points out, citing Georges Charpak&apos;s detector work.) Tracing the evolution of science in this century, Weisskopf sees the rapid evolution of American influence in the 1930s as a turning point. Before then, the United States had not been in the front line, and it had been important for US researchers to spend some time in Europe

  1. Proliferation Resistance and Safeguards by Design: The Safeguardability Assessment Tool Provided by the INPRO Collaborative Project &apos;'INPRO'&apos; (Proliferation Resistance and Safeguardability Assessment)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haas, E.; Chang, H.-L.; Phillips, J.R.; Listner, C.

    2015-01-01

    Since the INPRO Collaborative Project on Proliferation Resistance and Safeguardability Assessment Tools (PROSA) was launched in 2011, Member State experts have worked with the INPRO Section and the IAEA Department of Safeguards to develop a revised methodology for self-assessment of sustainability in the area of proliferation resistance of a nuclear energy system (NES). With the common understanding that there is &apos;&apos;no proliferation resistance without safeguards&apos;&apos; the revised approach emphasizes the evaluation of a new &apos;User Requirement&apos; for &apos;'safeguardability'&apos;, that combines metrics of effective and efficient implementation of IAEA Safeguards including &apos;'Safeguards-by-Design'&apos; principles. The assessment with safeguardability as the key issue has been devised as a linear process evaluating the NES against a &apos;&apos;Basic Principle&apos;&apos; in the area of proliferation resistance, answering fundamental questions related to safeguards: 1) Do a State&apos;s legal commitments, policies and practices provide credible assurance of the exclusively peaceful use of the NES, including a legal basis for verification activities by the IAEA? 2) Does design and operation of the NES facilitate the effective and efficient implementation of IAEA safeguards? To answer those questions, a questionnaire approach has been developed that clearly identifies gaps and weaknesses. Gaps include prospects for improvements and needs for research and development. In this context, the PROSA approach assesses the safeguardability of a NES using a layered &apos;&apos;Evaluation Questionnaire&apos;&apos; that defines Evaluation Parameters (EP), EP-related questions, Illustrative Tests and Screening Questions to present and structure the evidence of findings. An integral part of the assessment process is Safeguards-by-Design, the identification of potential diversion, misuse and concealment strategies (coarse diversion path

  2. Ivermectina no tratamento de miíase orbitária: relato de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez,Mario Enrique Lovatón; Aoki,Lísia; Nicoletti,André Gustavo Bombana; Matayoshi,Suzana; Fernandes,José Byron Vicente Dias

    2003-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Relatar um caso de miíase associada a carcinoma basocelular de órbita, tratada com ivermectina previamente ao ato cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: Apresentamos um caso e enfatizamos a eficácia da ivermectina no tratamento da miíase como terapêutica alternativa. RESULTADO: Após o tratamento com ivermectina via oral em dose única, observou-se a resolução completa do quadro de miíase num período de 48 horas. CONCLUSÃO: A ivermectina pode ser utilizada com eficácia no tratamento da miíase orbitária,...

  3. Peliculização e tratamento químico de sementes de algodoeiro

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, Liana Baptista de

    2014-01-01

    A qualidade sanitária e fisiológica de sementes de algodão é fator determinante para o estabelecimento de população ideal de plantas no campo, sendo o tratamento químico indispensável na preservação da qualidade sanitária e obtenção de melhor desempenho das sementes no campo. Pesquisas na área de tratamento químico são largamente realizadas e, atualmente, em associação com o tratamento químico, visando principalmente melhor aderência dos produtos nas sementes, tem surgido a técnica da pelicul...

  4. Rosuvastatina e ciprofibrato no tratamento da dislipidemia em pacientes com HIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamilton Domingos

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A dislipidemia secundária à terapia antirretroviral potente nos pacientes com HIV está associada à significativa elevação da morbimortalidade cardiovascular por doença aterosclerótica, sendo, portanto, necessário tratamento imediato e eficaz. OBJETIVO: Demonstrar a efetividade e a segurança da rosuvastatina e do ciprofibrato no tratamento da dislipidemia associada à terapia antirretroviral potente em pacientes com HIV. MÉTODOS: Trezentos e quarenta e seis pacientes com dislipidemia foram submetidos a tratamento farmacológico: 200 pacientes com hipertrigliceridemia receberam ciprofibrato (Grupo I; 79 pacientes com hipercolesterolemia receberam rosuvastatina (Grupo II; e 67 pacientes com dislipidemia mista receberam ciprofibrato associado a rosuvastatina (Grupo III. O perfil lipídico foi avaliado antes e após o tratamento hipolipemiante, sendo feita comparação estatística pelo teste de Wilcoxon. Transaminases hepáticas e creatinofosfoquinase foram dosadas para controle de toxicidade hepática e muscular. RESULTADOS: As concentrações séricas de triglicérides e de colesterol total foram significativamente menores do que as obtidas antes do tratamento, para os três grupos experimentais (p < 0,002. Observou-se aumento significativo do HDL colesterol nos grupos experimentais I e III (p < 0,002. Nos grupos I e II, o LDL-colesterol foi significativamente menor (p < 0,001. Nenhum dos pacientes apresentou elevações de transaminases ou de creatinofosfoquinase a níveis de toxicidade significativa. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo demonstram que ciprofibrato, rosuvastatina ou a combinação de ambos pode ser considerada tratamento hipolipemiante efetivo, seguro e com boa tolerância nos pacientes com Aids submetidos à terapia antirretroviral potente.

  5. Upgrading of the Ukrainian NPPs and the &apos;&apos;2+2&apos;&apos; approach applied for the licensing of the major modifications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gorbatchev, A. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, IRSN/DES/SERS, 92 - Fontenay aux Roses (France); Goetsch, D. [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, Garching (Germany); Redko, V. [Ukrainian National Regulatory Authorities (Ukraine); Madonna, A. [National Agency for Environmental Protection (ANPA), Rome (Italy)

    2003-01-01

    Many of the planned upgrading measures of Ukrainian VVER plants and of the unique Armenian power plant (Medzanor) are financed by the European Union (EU) through the TACIS program. The &apos;&apos;2+2&apos;&apos; approach implies a deep collaboration between Ukrainian or Armenian regulatory authorities, local operating organizations and EU organizations. This approach allows: - a smooth adaptation of western technologies to VVERs, - a comprehensive checking of Ukrainian, Armenian and western regulatory requirements, and - the transfer of know-how to the Ukrainian and Armenian organizations. This report presents the principles applied for &apos;&apos;2+2&apos;&apos; approach as well as a summary of the main recommendations given in the framework of the licensing process.

  6. On the universality of the &apos;'smile'&apos;-gap in the density of states of a chaotic Josephson junction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reutlinger, Johannes; Belzig, Wolfgang [University of Konstanz, Department of Physics (Germany); Nazarov, Yuli [Kavli Institute of Nanoscience Delft, Delft University of Technology, Delft (Netherlands); Glazman, Leonid [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT (United States)

    2015-07-01

    The superconducting proximity effect strongly modifies the local density of states in chaotic Josephson junctions. Recently we found that besides the well-known minigap a secondary gap appears just below the superconducting gap edge Δ in the limit of a large Thouless energy E{sub Th} >or similar Δ. To check the universality of this novel gap phenomenon we study the effect of nonideal contacts and show that the &apos;'smile'&apos;-gap crucially depends on the transmission eigenvalue distribution. In a next step we use the random matrix method to investigate the &apos;'smile'&apos;-gap. This allows us to approach the statistics of Andreev levels, going beyond the quasiclassical Greens function method. It turns out that the hard gap edge softens similar to what is already known from the minigap.

  7. Resource consumption of Germany - indicators and definitions. Development of a glossary on the concept of &apos;'resources'&apos; and calculation of missing characteristic data of resources consumption for further political analysis; Ressourcenverbrauch von Deutschland - aktuelle Kennzahlen und Begriffsbestimmungen. Erstellung eines Glossars zum &apos;'Ressourcenbegriff'&apos; und Berechnung von fehlenden Kennzahlen des Ressourcenverbrauchs fuer die weitere politische Analyse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuetz, Helmut; Bringezu, Stefan [Wuppertal Institut fuer Klima, Umwelt, Energie GmbH, Wuppertal (Germany). Forschungsgruppe 3: Stoffstroeme und Ressourcenmanagement

    2008-02-15

    The goals of the reported study are: - to prepare a glossary on the term &apos;'Resources'&apos; in order to support communication based on a harmonised resource term and associated terms and - to provide key data on resource use in Germany in time series since 1991 up to the most recent year for which data were available (2004 in general), and to attribute results to the resource terms. Results achieved are presented and discussed below by the following sections: Provision of a glossary on the term &apos;'resource'&apos;, use of the term &apos;'resource'&apos; at different levels, and provision of data and derived indicators for resource consumption in time series. First, a list of the relevant publications in the topic field &apos;'resources'&apos; was provided and co-ordinated with the client. This publication list is given in the annex to this report. On basis of national and international sources a glossary was provided which clearly describes and comments the resource term, its sub-terms and associated terms. This glossary is in the annex to this report. (orig.)

  8. SSI&apos;s review of SKB&apos;s RD and D programme 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hedberg, Bjoern; Larsson, Carl-Magnus; Wiebert, Anders [and others

    2002-08-01

    In the report SSI&apos;s review of SKB&apos;s RD and D programme 2001 is presented. In the review SSI comments, among other things, the decision making process, the need for a strategy document, SKB&apos;s safety and system analysis and SKB&apos;s biosphere studies.

  9. Effects of apoE genotype on macrophage inflammation and heme oxygenase-1 expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jofre-Monseny, Laia; Loboda, Agnieszka; Wagner, Anika E; Huebbe, Patricia; Boesch-Saadatmandi, Christine; Jozkowicz, Alicja; Minihane, Anne-Marie; Dulak, Jozef; Rimbach, Gerald

    2007-05-25

    In order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the aetiology of apolipoprotein E4 genotype-cardiovascular disease (CVD) associations, the impact of the apoE genotype on the macrophage inflammatory response was examined. The murine monocyte-macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) stably transfected to produce equal amounts of human apoE3 or apoE4 was used. Following LPS stimulation, apoE4-macrophages showed higher and lower concentrations of tumour necrosis factor alpha (pro-inflammatory) and interleukin 10 (anti-inflammatory), respectively, both at mRNA and protein levels. In addition, increased expression of heme oxygenase-1 (a stress-induced anti-inflammatory protein) was observed in the apoE4-cells. Furthermore, in apoE4-macrophages, an enhanced transactivation of the key redox sensitive transcription factor NF-kappaB was shown. Current data indicate that apoE4 macrophages have an altered inflammatory response, which may contribute to the higher CVD risk observed in apoE4 carriers.

  10. Radioactive decontamination for the terrorism attacks from &apos;dirty bomb&apos;

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shi Zhilan; Wang Shanqiang; Ma Xinhua

    2009-01-01

    Radioactive contamination source term characteristics for the terrorism attacks from &apos;dirty bomb&apos; and its special demands of decontamination technology are analyzed in this paper. The development and direction of decontamination technology are also discussed. The suggestions are advanced, which decontaminate radioactive contamination caused by the terrorism attacks from &apos;dirty bomb&apos;. (authors)

  11. The APO(*)E3-Leiden mouse as an animal model for basal laminar deposit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kliffen, M.; Lutgens, E.; Daemen, M. J.; de Muinck, E. D.; Mooy, C. M.; de Jong, P. T.

    2000-01-01

    To investigate the APO(*)E3-Leiden mouse as an animal model for age related maculopathy (ARM) related extracellular deposits. Eyes were obtained from APO(*)E3-Leiden transgenic mice on a high fat/cholesterol (HFC) diet (n=12) or on a normal mouse chow (n=6), for 9 months. As controls, eyes were

  12. The APO(*)E3-Leiden mouse as an animal model for basal laminar deposit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Kliffen (Mike); E. Lutgens; M.J. Daemen (Mat); E.D. de Muinck; C.M. Mooy (Cornelia); P.T.V.M. de Jong (Paulus)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractAIM: To investigate the APO(*)E3-Leiden mouse as an animal model for age related maculopathy (ARM) related extracellular deposits. METHODS: Eyes were obtained from APO(*)E3-Leiden transgenic mice on a high fat/cholesterol (HFC) diet (n=12) or on a normal mouse chow

  13. Tratamento de parasitoses intestinais pela associação piperazina-tiabendazol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelina S. Velho Soli

    1972-08-01

    Full Text Available Os autores apresentam os resultados obtidos com o emprego da associação antihelmintica piperazina-tiabendazol no tratamento de infecção por Ascaris lumbricoides e ancilostomídeos. Considerando a cura de 81 % dos casos de ascaridíase e de 80% dos casos de ancilostomíase, bem como a ótima tolerância ao medicamento, acreditam que esta associação medicamentosa possa ser empregada com sucesso para o tratamento das referidas parasitoses.

  14. Torcicolo congênito: avaliação de dois tratamentos fisioterapêuticos

    OpenAIRE

    Pagnossim,Luciane Zanusso; Schmidt,Augusto Frederico S.; Bustorff-Silva,Joaquim Murray; Marba,Sérgio Tadeu M.; Sbragia,Lourenço

    2008-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar a evolução clínica e comparar a eficácia do tratamento fisioterapêutico intensivo ou mínimo, em neonatos e lactentes com torcicolo congênito. MÉTODOS: Foram atendidas no Ambulatório de Fisioterapia e Cirurgia Pediátrica do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas 47 crianças com torcicolo congênito. Analisaram-se, retrospectivamente, antecedentes maternos, neonatais, apresentação clínica e tratamento fisioterapêutico, classificado de acordo com a freqüência ...

  15. Tratamento farmacológico do transtorno de estresse pós-traumático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernik Márcio

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores apresentam uma revisão de literatura sobre a farmacoterapia do transtorno de estresse pós-traumático (TEPT. Poucos ensaios clínicos controlados já foram feitos nesta área, mas o interesse no transtorno é crescente. Os antidepressivos, especialmente aqueles com atividade serotonérgica, parecem ser tratamentos farmacológicos eficazes no TEPT, seja como tratamento primário ou em associação com a psicoterapia.

  16. Tratamento conservador na síndrome do impacto no ombro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alexandre Batista Metzker

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A síndrome do impacto no ombro (SIO é uma patologia inflamatória e degenerativa que se caracteriza por impactação mecânica de determinadas estruturas que se localizam no espaço umerocoracoacromial da articulação. É a afecção mais comum da cintura escapular com prevalência superior em indivíduos com idade entre 40 e 50 anos, entretanto, por estar intimamente relacionada a algumas atividades laborais e esportivas, se torna cada vez mais frequente em adultos jovens. Mediante o elevado número de pacientes acometidos e com o intuito de orientar os diversos profissionais de saúde sobre a necessidade de tratamento precoce da patologia, é objetivo deste estudo apresentar os modelos de tratamento para SIO e a importância da fisioterapia no tratamento conservador. METODOLOGIA: Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura científica com acesso a diversas obras literárias sobre o tema e busca de artigos de periódicos nacionais e internacionais na internet. RESULTADOS: O tratamento conservador da SIO envolve um conjunto de procedimentos que passam por medidas analgésicas, anti-inflamatórias e fisioterapia, sendo a última uma ferramenta indispensável no processo de recuperação. CONCLUSÃO: Ao final do estudo pode-se concluir que o tratamento conservador é frequentemente utilizado no tratamento da SIO e a fisioterapia a modalidade terapêutica mais indicada, associada a um programa de orientação e reeducação quanto às atividades que possam dificultar o processo de recuperação plena. Contudo, o plano de tratamento depende diretamente da fase evolutiva da doença, pois, nos casos de insucesso no tratamento conservador, a cirurgia poderá ser indicada.

  17. The development and treatment of impulsivity = O desenvolvimento e tratamento da impulsividade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amorim Neto, Roque do Carmo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Impulsividade é um fator presente em várias desordens psicológicas, incluindo ADHD, drogadição, comportamentos agressivos e automutiladores, e obesidade infantil. Impulsividade também é um fator de risco para o abandono de tratamento. Este artigo tem por objetivo apresentar as raízes da impulsividade do ponto de vista biológico, sociológico e do desenvolvimento humano, bem como as formas de tratamento mais comuns para pessoas com extrema impulsividade. Aqui também se inclui pesquisas das áreas de desenvolvimento neuronal e regulação emocional

  18. Ácidos graxos ômega 3 e tratamento da esquizofrenia

    OpenAIRE

    Zemdegs,Juliane Costa Silva; Pimentel,Gustavo Duarte; Priel,Margareth Rose

    2010-01-01

    CONTEXTO: A esquizofrenia é uma desordem psiquiátrica complexa e debilitante cujo tratamento de base é realizado com medicamentos antipsicóticos. No entanto, evidências sugerem que a suplementação dietética com ácidos graxos ômega 3 (n-3) pode ser benéfica em diversas desordens psiquiátricas. OBJETIVO: Revisar a eficácia do n-3 como coadjuvante no tratamento farmacológico da esquizofrenia. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se uma pesquisa nas bases de dados eletrônicas Medline, Lilacs e SciELO. A estratégia ...

  19. Ronco: critérios diagnósticos e tratamento Snoring: diagnostic criteria and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio José Magalhães da Silveira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O ronco é um problema importante com consequentes manifestações sociais e médicas. O passo inicial consiste em confirmar a presença do ronco e excluir qualquer doença respiratória noturna para que o tratamento adequado seja instituído. Este capítulo analisa o gerenciamento atual do ronco e seu tratamento.Snoring is a significant problem with social and medical manifestations. After snoring has been confirmed, other nocturnal respiratory diseases should be excluded so that the appropriate treatment can be instituted. This chapter addresses the current management of snoring and its treatment.

  20. Tratamento farmacológico do transtorno de estresse pós-traumático

    OpenAIRE

    Bernik Márcio; Laranjeiras Marcionilo; Corregiari Fábio

    2003-01-01

    Os autores apresentam uma revisão de literatura sobre a farmacoterapia do transtorno de estresse pós-traumático (TEPT). Poucos ensaios clínicos controlados já foram feitos nesta área, mas o interesse no transtorno é crescente. Os antidepressivos, especialmente aqueles com atividade serotonérgica, parecem ser tratamentos farmacológicos eficazes no TEPT, seja como tratamento primário ou em associação com a psicoterapia.

  1. Transtorno bipolar : adesão ao tratamento e psicoeducação

    OpenAIRE

    Samir Vidal Mussi

    2012-01-01

    A psicoeducação é uma das estratégias que deve ser inserida no tratamento de pacientes com diagnóstico de transtorno bipolar e tem demonstrado eficácia para fomentar respostas relacionadas à adesão à medicação. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a efetividade de um programa de psicoeducação aplicado a 9 pacientes com diagnóstico de transtorno bipolar, em tratamento em um hospital público. Para avaliação foram aplicadas as escalas de depressão (Hamilton), de mania (Young) e de Qualidade de Vi...

  2. Fraturas proximais do fêmur em idosos: qual o melhor tratamento?

    OpenAIRE

    Lustosa,Lygia Paccini; Bastos,Eduardo Onofre

    2009-01-01

    As fraturas proximais do fêmur em idosos representam um sério problema dentro do contexto da saúde pública, devido aos elevados custos econômicos para o tratamento e as suas consequências, assim como pela alta taxa de morbidade e mortalidade. O objetivo desse estudo foi discutir quais os tratamentos mais indicados para esse tipo de fratura, em idosos, por meio de uma revisão da literatura. As bases de dados pesquisadas foram MEDLINE, COCHRANE e PEDro. Os critérios de inclusão foram estudos pu...

  3. Evaluatie onderzoeksprogramma&apos;s milieutechnologie vanuit een invalshoek stoffen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lijzen JPA

    1991-01-01

    This study was carried out to determine the need of a separate programme of the &apos;Regulation for the Advancement of Environmental Technology&apos; (&apos;Sti-MT&apos;) to stimulate technology from a substance point of view. Therefore 6 programms of the &apos;Sti-MT&apos; and 5 other

  4. Results from experimental research on wave components in wind speed taken at the &apos;'Khazar'&apos; off-shore drilling installation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurbanov, N.F.; Babaev, A.B.; Ismailov, A.A.; Seidova, N.A.

    1980-01-01

    The statistical characteristics of wave parameters and wind velocity which were measured in natural conditions during severe storms on the &apos;'Khazarn'&apos; off-shore drilling installation are given for sea depths of 45,50 and 54 meters in the Neftianii Kamen, the former Azi Aslanova, and the Livanova-east regions. Using a spectral method, the parameters of the wave are calculated on data from a severe storm.

  5. Inorganic profile of some Brazilian medicinal plants obtained from ethanolic extract and &apos;&apos;in natura&apos;&apos; samples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, M.O.M.; de Sousa, P.T.; Salvador, V.L.R.; Sato, I.M.

    2004-10-03

    The Anadenathera macrocarpa, Schinus molle, Hymenaea courbaril, Cariniana legalis, Solidago microglossa and Stryphnodendron barbatiman, were collected &apos;&apos;in natura&apos;&apos; samples (leaves, flowers, barks and seeds) from different commercial suppliers. The pharmaco-active compounds in ethanolic extracts had been made by the Mato Grosso Federal University (UFMT). The energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence (ED-XRF) spectrometry was used for the elemental analysis in different parts of the plants and respective ethanolic extracts. The Ca, Cl, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Rb, S, Sr and Zn concentrations were determined by the fundamental parameters method. Some specimens showed a similar inorganic profile for &apos;&apos;in natura&apos;&apos; and ethanolic extract samples and some ones showed a distinct inorganic profile. For example, the Anadenathera macrocarpa showed a similar concentration in Mg, P, Cu, Zn and Rb elements in &apos;&apos;in natura&apos;&apos; and ethanolic extract samples; however very different concentration in Na, S, Cl, K , Ca, Mn, Fe and Sr was observed in distinctive samples. The Solidago microglossa showed the K, Ca, Cl, S, Mg, P and Fe elements as major constituents in both samples, suggesting that the extraction process did not affect in a considerable way the &apos;&apos;in natura&apos;&apos; inorganic composition. The elemental composition of the different parts of the plants (leaves, flowers, barks and seeds) has been also determined. For example, the Schinus molle specimen showed P, K, Cl and Ca elements as major constituents in the seeds, Mg, K and Sr in the barks and Mg, S, Cl and Mn in the leaves, demonstrating a differentiated elementary distribution. These inorganic profiles will contribute to evaluate the quality control of the Brazilian herbaceous trade and also will assist to identify which parts of the medicinal plants has greater therapeutic effect.

  6. Linoleum: a &apos;green&apos; flooring option

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon

    2002-07-01

    &apos;Green&apos; building materials may be defined as being made of materials and by processes that have low impact on the environment. Linoleum is an example of a sustainable &apos;green&apos; building material. It is durable, easy to repair, is inherently antimicrobial, and has low-cost maintenance. Unlike most other floor coverings, linoleum has naturally occurring anti-static properties, making it easy to clean, since dust and dirt will not adhere to it. The ingredients in linoleum are linseed oil, resin, limestone, wood flour, pigments and jute, all obtainable from natural sources. Vibrant colours for the flooring are created by using organic pigments with no heavy metals such as lead or calcium which, consequently, pose no threat to the environment. Linoleum is also biodegradable. It can be put into a landfill, where it will decompose; in some parts of the world it is incinerated to produce electricity. When used as feedstock for electricity, used linoleum products have an energy content of 18.6 MJ/kg, which is equivalent to coal. As no toxic or corrosive gases are released, the need for gas purification is avoided.

  7. &apos;Minergie&apos; modernisation - Test in practice; Praxistest Minergie-Modernisierung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruetter, H.; Ruetter-Fischbacher, U. [Ruetter und Partner, Soziooekonomische Forschung und Beratung, Rueschlikon (Switzerland); Haessig, W. [Haessig Sustech GmbH - Ingenieurbuero fuer Minergie und nachhaltige Gebaeudetechnik, Uster (Switzerland); Jakob, M. [TEP Energy GmbH, CEPE ETH, Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2008-07-01

    This comprehensive report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) examines the results obtained in practice concerning the use of the &apos;Minergie&apos; low energy consumption standard. Experience gained with &apos;Minergie&apos; refurbishment projects is reviewed and the critical points and constraints found are discussed. Further, recommendations for improvements in the use of the &apos;Minergie&apos; standard are made. The study is based on questions posed to building owners in the German speaking part of Switzerland who have carried out refurbishment projects to meet &apos;Minergie&apos; standards as well as questions posed to those who did not adhere to &apos;Minergie&apos; standards in the refurbishment of their buildings. The reasons quoted for using / not using the standard are listed and discussed. Possible tightening of energy regulations concerning renovation work are discussed. The recommendations resulting from the survey are also noted and discussed.

  8. Photoluminescence of acupoint &apos;Waiqiu&apos; in human superficial fascia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang Yuan [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Department of Physics, Surface Physics Laboratory (State Key Laboratory) of Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Yan Xiaohui [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Department of Physics, Surface Physics Laboratory (State Key Laboratory) of Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Liu Chenglin [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Department of Physics, Surface Physics Laboratory (State Key Laboratory) of Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Dang Ruishan [Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Zhang Xinyi [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Department of Physics, Surface Physics Laboratory (State Key Laboratory) of Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China) and Shanghai Research Center of Acupuncture and Meridian, Pudong, Shanghai 201203 (China)]. E-mail: xy-zhang@fudan.edu.cn

    2006-07-15

    The spectral characters of an acupuncture point named &apos;Waiqiu&apos; in superficial fascia tissue have been studied by photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy under the excitation of 457.9 nm. The PL around &apos;Waiqiu&apos; acupuncture point consists of two sub-bands resulting from the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and phospholipids, and the porphyrins (including purine, isoxanthopterin and tryptophan), respectively. More emission due to FAD and phospholipids is found inside the acupuncture effect area of &apos;Waiqiu&apos; than its marginal or outside acupuncture regions. The ratio of emission intensity of FAD and phospholipids to one of porphyrins gradually decreases along the direction away from the center of the acupuncture point. It implies that the component proportion changes between FAD, phospholipids and porphyrins around the &apos;Waiqiu&apos; acupuncture point. We suggest that there might be a certain relationship between redox function of FAD and &apos;Waiqiu&apos; acupuncture effect.

  9. Scientists from all over the world attend the &apos;&apos;Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2009&apos;&apos; at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT); Wissenschaftler aus aller Welt bei der &apos;&apos;Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School 2009&apos;&apos; am Karlsruhe Institute of Technologie (KIT)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Espinoza, Victor Hugo; Fischer, Ulrich [Karlsruhe Inst. of Tech. (KIT), Campus Nord/Inst. for Neutron Physics and Reactor Tech. (INR), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2009-11-15

    The &apos;&apos;Frederic Joliot/Otto Hahn Summer School&apos;&apos; is organized each year alternately by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the Commissariat a l&apos;Energie Atomique (CEA), Cadarache. This year&apos;s Summer School, the 15th since its foundation, was run at the Advanced Training Center (FTU) of KIT Campus Nord on August 26 to September 4. The key topic this year was &apos;&apos;The Challenges in Implementing Fast Reactor Technology.&apos;&apos; These are the items discussed: Principles and challenges of future fast reactor designs, Fuels, fuel cycle, and recycling of minor actinides, Innovative cladding tube and structural materials, Special aspects of coolants and the challenges they pose, Fast reactor safety. Experts from 8 leading international research establishments and universities presented and discussed with the 58 participants from 16 countries the current state of the art and the latest development trends in the topics listed above. (orig.)

  10. Interaction of ApoE3 and ApoE4 isoforms with an ITM2b/BRI2 mutation linked to the Alzheimer disease-like Danish dementia: Effects on learning and memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biundo, Fabrizio; Ishiwari, Keita; Del Prete, Dolores; D'Adamio, Luciano

    2015-12-01

    Mutations in Amyloid β Precursor Protein (APP) and in genes that regulate APP processing--such as PSEN1/2 and ITM2b/BRI2--cause familial dementia, such Familial Alzheimer disease (FAD), Familial Danish (FDD) and British (FBD) dementias. The ApoE gene is the major genetic risk factor for sporadic AD. Three major variants of ApoE exist in humans (ApoE2, ApoE3, and ApoE4), with the ApoE4 allele being strongly associated with AD. ITM2b/BRI2 is also a candidate regulatory node genes predicted to mediate the common patterns of gene expression shared by healthy ApoE4 carriers and late-onset AD patients not carrying ApoE4. This evidence provides a direct link between ITM2b/BRI2 and ApoE4. To test whether ApoE4 and pathogenic ITM2b/BRI2 interact to modulate learning and memory, we crossed a mouse carrying the ITM2b/BRI2 mutations that causes FDD knocked-in the endogenous mouse Itm2b/Bri2 gene (FDDKI mice) with human ApoE3 and ApoE4 targeted replacement mice. The resultant ApoE3, FDDKI/ApoE3, ApoE4, FDDKI/ApoE4 male mice were assessed longitudinally for learning and memory at 4, 6, 12, and 16-17 months of age. The results showed that ApoE4-carrying mice displayed spatial working/short-term memory deficits relative to ApoE3-carrying mice starting in early middle age, while long-term spatial memory of ApoE4 mice was not adversely affected even at 16-17 months, and that the FDD mutation impaired working/short-term spatial memory in ApoE3-carrying mice and produced impaired long-term spatial memory in ApoE4-carrying mice in middle age. The present results suggest that the FDD mutation may differentially affect learning and memory in ApoE4 carriers and non-carriers. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. &apos;Modernization property&apos; of our country is visualized / TAISEI; Wagakuni no &apos;kindaika isan&apos; wo eizoka / taiseisensetsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-10

    TAISEI was about rapidly promoted from Days of the Tokugawa shogunate over Meiji and Taisho this, and the documentary film which focused on building and &apos;the modernization property&apos; which are related to industry and traffic and civil engineering which made the base of the our country development was planned and was produced. The title of the movie is &apos;travel to the Japan modernization property&apos;. The movie which really introduced such modern age property is rare, and it s as an image material precious. It tries to pick up main thing, The oldest lighthouse &apos;Mikomotojima Island lighthouse (Shizuoka Prefect.1870)&apos; and covers Shiga Prefecture and Kyoto prefecture,&apos;The Lake Biwa hydrophobic&apos;, in our country, the first gravitational concrete dam &apos;Nunobiki Gohnmatsu dam, Kobe City, 1900&apos;Length furnace for the cement baking which remains in Yamaguchi Prefect. &apos;The ONODA CEMENT (Pacific Ocean cement) sake bottle furnace&apos;. In becoming modernization property which widely remains in our country and so on the guide person, Mr. Shinbo Minami of the illustrator has introduced it. The narration is the Mr. platform step of the actress. Still, screening party of this movie is done in the following schedule (admission free). The detailed query is Japanese movie new Co. (141-0021 2-10-17 Kami-Osaki, Shinagawa ku, Tokyo), TEL 03-3442-7251 FAX 03-3442-7360. (translated by NEDO)

  12. High standard energy service by multi-user PV hybrid grids (MSG): an integrated approach in &apos;&apos;Veinat De Cal Peraire&apos;&apos;, Catalonia, Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vosseler, I.; Ramirez, E.; Valle, X. [Trama TecnoAmbiental S.L., Barcelona (Spain); Goelz, S.; Rittner, C.; Vogt, G. [Fraunhofer-Inst. for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg (Germany); Joyce, A.; Rodrigues, C. [Inst. Nacional de Engenharia e Tecnologia Industrial, Lisboa (Portugal); Ejarque, T. [Asociacion SEBA, Mallorca, Barcelona (Spain)

    2003-07-01

    In Multi-user PV hybrid grids (MSG) the adequate distribution of the available energy among the users and local organisation for new technology adoption are the main challenges for success of these systems. In the scope of the EU project MSG{sup 1} these challenges were tackled. An integrated socio-technical methodology was developed to bring into line social and technical aspects. It optimises each step of introduction of this technology on social level in order to improve user satisfaction and system performance. This reduces costs due to optimised sizing and reduction of failures due to inadequate user behaviour. A set of tools (&apos;'herramientas'&apos;) has been developed that support the planning and installation companies of MSGs. Based on this integrated approach the development of an intelligent &apos;&apos;energy dispenser / meter&apos;&apos; (patented) gives a solution to the energy distribution in the community by controlling the individual energy consumption behaviour of each user. The methodology was developed based on a detailed survey for several MSGs in Spain. This integrated approach was applied for the MSG in the rural village &apos;&apos;Cal Peraire&apos;&apos; providing electrical energy to 6 users. In this paper we present the first experience based on concrete data from the MSG installed. (orig.)

  13. Mineral and Elemental Composition Features of &apos;'Loose'&apos; Oolitic Ores in Bakchar Iron Ore Cluster (Tomsk Oblast)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rudmin, M; Mazurov, A; Bolsunovskaya, L

    2014-01-01

    Geo-technological investigation considerations of iron ore deposits within the Bakchar ore cluster are being carried out. The mineral and elemental composition of &apos;'loose'&apos; ores have been studied, embracing such important aspects as the distribution pattern of valuable and harmful impurities, the determination of element concentrators (such as vanadium, phosphate and sulphur) in basic minerals and the analysis of ore composition varaiation in volume ore cluster. Based on investigation results the mineral and elemental composition characteristic features of &apos;'loose'&apos; ores were defined. Although hydrogoethite was the basic identified ore mineral, such minerals as goethite, lepidocrocite, leptochlorite, siderite and hisingerite were also found. The deportment of calcium phosphate (anapaite) and phosphates of rare-earth elements (monazite, killarite), which are associated with the harmful impurity- phosphorous, are described. It has been defined that the ore constituent composition contains such persistent impurities as vanadium and manganese, the content of which is 0.35% and 0.03%, respectively. The &apos;'loose'&apos; ores are continuous in mineral composition, both in area and cross-section throughout the Bakchar ore cluster. Based on the sample element composition analysis the most perspective areas for further mineral processing could be: western with the fraction of 1....0.2mm. and eastern- fraction of 1...0.1mm

  14. Effects of nocturnal aircraft noise on sleep: results from the &apos;&apos;quiet air traffic&apos;&apos; project; Wirkungen des Nachtfluglaerms auf den Schlaf: Ergebnisse aus dem Projekt &apos;&apos;Leiser Flugverkehr&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samel, A.; Basner, M.; Maass, H.; Mueller, U.; Quehl, J.; Wenzel, J. [Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft (HGF), Inst. fuer Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin, Koeln (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    In 192 sleep-healthy subjects (18 to 65 y) effects of nocturnal aircraft noise on sleep, stress, performance and subjective factors were investigated in 2240 nights under laboratory and field conditions. In the sleep lab, 112 volunteers were subjected to aircraft noise events by varying numbers and noise levels during 9 nights within a period of 13 nights. 16 further subjects served as control group (i.e. without any noise). 64 subjects were studied in the vicinity of Cologne-Bonn airport during 9 nights. Polysomnographical and acoustical recordings, determination of excretion rates of stress hormones from night urines, performance tests and questionnaires were conducted during all days for the assessment of nocturnal aircraft noise effects. By simultaneous recording of electrophysiological and acoustical data the probability of noise induced awakenings was estimated. Performance and most of psychological parameters did not show significant dose-effect relationships, whereas annoyance did. Epinephrine and norepinephrine did not change under aircraft noise, cortisol did change only in the lab. In the lab, a comparison between all noisy nights and noise-free baseline nights exhibited a non-significant 2-min. reduction of sleep and a 4-min. decrease of slow-wave sleep. In the field, awakenings caused by aircraft noise were detected above a threshold of 33 dB(A) &apos;&apos;at the sleeper&apos;s ear&apos;&apos;. All effects were much less pronounced in the field than in the lab. For the first time, precise dose-effect curves between maximum aircraft noise event levels and electrophysiologically detectable awakenings, and a threshold were empirically established. The results of these studies broadens the knowledge on aircraft noise induced sleep disturbances and immediate consequences for the next day. (orig.)

  15. Behavioral phenotype and BDNF differences related to apoE isoforms and sex in young transgenic mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reverte, Ingrid; Klein, Anders Bue; Ratner, Cecilia

    2012-01-01

    in the exploration of an open-field, which is compatible with a hyperactive behavior, was found in apoE2 females, while a decreased activity was observed in apoE4 mice. Increased BDNF levels in the frontal cortex were observed in apoE2 mice compared to apoE3. These results underscore behavioral differences between......, very little information is available on apoE2 genotype. In the present study, we have characterized behavioral and learning phenotypes in young transgenic mice apoE2, apoE3 and apoE4 of both sexes. We have also determined the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor Trk......B in cortex and hippocampus of male and female mice carrying either genotype. Our results show a worse performance of apoE4 and apoE2 mice in the acquisition of a spatial task compared to apoE3 mice, and a worse retention in apoE2 mice compared to the other two genotypes. On the other hand, an increase...

  16. ApoE promotes hepatic selective uptake but not RCT due to increased ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux to plasma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Annema, Wijtske; Dikkers, Arne; de Boer, Jan Freark; Gautier, Thomas; Rensen, Patrick C. N.; Rader, Daniel J.; Tietge, Uwe J. F.

    ApoE plays an important role in lipoprotein metabolism. This study investigated the effects of adenovirus-mediated human apoE overexpression (AdhApoE3) on sterol metabolism and in vivo reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). In wild-type mice, AdhApoE3 resulted in decreased HDL cholesterol levels and a

  17. Onderzoek op PCDD&apos;s en PCDF&apos;s in grond afkomstig uit Bunschoten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra; G.; Heijden; C.A.van der

    1985-01-01

    In een viertal grondmonsters uit Bunschoten werden de gehalten aan HCH&apos;s, PCDD&apos;s en PCDF&apos;s bepaald. In een monster werd 0,02 mu-g/kg 2,3,7,8-TCDD aangetoond. In alle monsters blijft te totale verontreiniging aan PCDD&apos;s en PCDF&apos;s, uitgedrukt in 2,3,7,8-TCDD- equivalenten

  18. &apos;&apos;Confession statement against the nuclear nation&apos;&apos;. The protestant church in Germany and the conflicts concerning nuclear energy 1970 - 1990; &apos;&apos;Bekennen gegen den Atomstaat&apos;&apos;. Die evangelischen Kirchen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und die Konflikte um die Atomenergie 1970-1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuering, Michael [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)

    2015-07-01

    The book on &apos;&apos;Confession statement against the nuclear nation&apos;&apos; discusses the conflicts of the protestant church in Germany concerning nuclear energy in 1970 - 1990. The introduction covers the state of research and the historical sources. The following chapters discuss the issues philosophic-ideological fundamentals: atomic energy and theology, the political church, the new protest culture and comparative perspectives: the catholic perspective, Three Mile Island&apos;s shadow.

  19. Freyschmidt&apos;s &apos;'Koehler/Zimmer'&apos; Borderlands of normal and early pathological findings in skeletal radiography. 5. rev. ed.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freyschmidt, J.; Wiens, J.; Sternberg, A. [Zentralkrankenhaus St. Juergen-Strasse, Bremen (Germany). Klinik fuer Roentgendiagnostik und Nuklearmedizin; Brossmann, J. [Univ. Kiel (Germany). Klinik fuer Roentgendiagnostik

    2003-07-01

    Is a radiological finding normal or pathologic? Assessing the &apos;borderline&apos; between these two states is a daily challenge to radiologists and orthopaedic surgeons. This book is organized according to diagnostic questions raised by clinical findings, radiographic findings, or both. You&apos;ll find the possible differential diagnoses of variants, classified in the five fundamental pathologic categories: anomaly; trauma; necrosis; inflammation; and tumor. The book provides imaging examples of the entire body, from the skull base, shoulder, and clavicle, to the lower spine, knees, and feet. Key features of this historic text: - Lavishly illustrated with more than 4,200 outstanding drawings, photographs, and radiographs - nearly 4 per page. - The only text to provide the valuable combination of normal, borderline, and early and late pathologic findings. - New format reflecting the situations you&apos;ll encounter in clinical practice. - Valuable &apos;pearls&apos; highlighting special features or rare items - a unique benefit missing from the competition. - Exhaustive analysis of borderline findings for both pediatric and adult cases. (orig.)

  20. American big dirty secret. About the depleted uranium weapons reality; Le grand mensonge des &apos;&apos;guerres propres&apos;&apos;. De la realite des armes a l&apos;uranium appauvri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsons, R.J

    2002-03-01

    From International organizations point of view, as the WHO, the hazard of the depleted uranium weapons use, is more and more obvious for the environment and the people health. The author shows how the USA military Government seems not really &apos;'clean'&apos; on this situation and denounces the danger of such a policy. (A.L.B.)

  1. ARGon{sup 3}: &apos;&apos;3D appearance robot-based gonioreflectometer&apos;&apos; at PTB

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoepe, A.; Atamas, T.; Huenerhoff, D.; Teichert, S.; Hauer, K.-O. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig (Germany)

    2012-04-15

    At the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, the National Metrology Institute of Germany, a new facility for measuring visual appearance-related quantities has been built up. The acronym ARGon{sup 3} stands for &apos;&apos;3D appearance robot-based gonioreflectometer&apos;&apos;. Compared to standard gonioreflectometers, there are two main new features within this setup. First, a photometric luminance camera with a spatial resolution of 28 {mu}m on the device under test (DUT) enables spatially high-resolved measurements of luminance and color coordinates. Second, a line-scan CCD-camera mounted to a spectrometer provides measurements of the radiance factor, respectively the bidirectional reflectance distribution function, in full V({lambda})-range (360 nm-830 nm) with arbitrary angles of irradiation and detection relative to the surface normal, on a time scale of about 2 min. First goniometric measurements of diffuse reflection within 3D-space above the DUT with subsequent colorimetric representation of the obtained data of special effect pigments based on the interference effect are presented.

  2. The quantum realm of the &apos;&apos;Little Sibling&apos;&apos; of the Big Rip singularity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albarran, Imanol; Bouhmadi-López, Mariam; Cabral, Francisco [Departamento de Física, Universidade da Beira Interior, 6200 Covilhã (Portugal); Martín-Moruno, Prado, E-mail: imanol@ubi.pt, E-mail: mbl@ubi.pt, E-mail: ftoc@ubi.pt, E-mail: pradomm@ucm.es [Departamento de Física Teórica I, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2015-11-01

    We analyse the quantum behaviour of the &apos;&apos;Little Sibling&apos;&apos; of the Big Rip singularity (LSBR) [1]. The quantisation is carried within the geometrodynamical approach given by the Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) equation. The classical model is based on a Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker Universe filled by a perfect fluid that can be mapped to a scalar field with phantom character. We analyse the WDW equation in two setups. In the first step, we consider the scale factor as the single degree of freedom, which from a classical perspective parametrises both the geometry and the matter content given by the perfect fluid. We then solve the WDW equation within a WKB approximation, for two factor ordering choices. On the second approach, we consider the WDW equation with two degrees of freedom: the scale factor and a scalar field. We solve the WDW equation, with the Laplace-Beltrami factor-ordering, using a Born-Oppenheimer approximation. In both approaches, we impose the DeWitt (DW) condition as a potential criterion for singularity avoidance. We conclude that in all the cases analysed the DW condition can be verified, which might be an indication that the LSBR can be avoided or smoothed in the quantum approach.

  3. Myxofibrosarcoma: prevalence and diagnostic value of the &apos;&apos;tail sign&apos;&apos; on magnetic resonance imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lefkowitz, Robert A.; Landa, Jonathan; Hwang, Sinchun; Panicek, David M. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States); Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY (United States); Zabor, Emily C.; Moskowitz, Chaya S. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, New York, NY (United States); Agaram, Narasimhan P. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Pathology, New York, NY (United States)

    2013-06-15

    Myxofibrosarcoma frequently shows curvilinear extensions of high T2 signal that also enhance on magnetic resonance imaging; these &apos;'tails'&apos; represent fascial extension of tumor at histopathological examination. This study was performed to determine whether the tail sign is helpful in distinguishing myxofibrosarcoma from other myxoid-containing neoplasms. The study group consisted of 44 patients with pathologically proven myxofibrosarcoma; the control group consisted of 52 patients with a variety of other myxoid-predominant tumors. Three musculoskeletal radiologists independently evaluated T2-weighted (and/or short-tau inversion recovery) and post-contrast MR images for the presence of one or more enhancing, high-signal intensity, curvilinear projections from the primary mass. Sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of myxofibrosarcoma were calculated for each reader. Interobserver variability was assessed with kappa statistic and percentage agreement. A tail sign was deemed present in 28, 30, and 34 cases of myxofibrosarcoma and in 11, 9, and 5 of the controls for the three readers respectively, yielding a sensitivity of 64-77 % and a specificity of 79-90 %. The interobserver agreement was moderate-to-substantial (kappa = 0.626). The tail sign at MRI is a moderately specific and sensitive sign for the diagnosis of myxofibrosarcoma relative to other myxoid-containing tumors. (orig.)

  4. &apos;The stupid hole in the ozone layer&apos;. &apos;&apos;Das bloede Ozonloch&apos;&apos;; Kinder und Umweltaengste. Mit Serviceteil: Gruppen, Buecher, Filme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grefe, C.; Jerger-Bachmann, I.

    1992-01-01

    Children&apos;s high awareness of environmental issues becomes evident in interviews with children and juveniles and in a number of studies carried out during the past few years. The authors draw a very sensitive picture of the terrifying world in which children may live, but they also show how children and juveniles can engage actively in conservation and environmental protection. They describe the many different groups of children and juveniles who use their initiative and imagination for protecting biotopes and species, bats and orchids, for reducing waste production and energy consumption, and increasingly frequently for protecting the tropical rainforests. (orig./KW). 16 figs.

  5. ([alpha]S,Z,1R,3R)-[4&apos;4&apos;&apos;-[sup 3]H]cyhalothrin and -[4&apos;&apos;,6&apos;-[sup 3]H]4&apos;-fluorocyhalothrin: synthesis of candidate pyrethroid radioligands for the sodium channel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Latli, Bachir; Greenfield, L.J.; Casida, J.E. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Entomological Sciences)

    1993-07-01

    ([alpha]S, Z, 1R, 3R)-Cyhalothrin (1) and ([alpha]S, Z, 1R, 3R)-4&apos;-fluoro-cyhalothrin (2), highly potent insecticides, were selected as candidate radioligands for studies on pyrethroid-sodium channel interactions. This report describes the synthesis of dihalo derivatives of 1 and 2 and their reductive dehalogenation to the corresponding deuterium- and tritium-labelled pyrethroids. Thus, reduction of 4&apos;&apos;, 6&apos; -dibromo-2 with deuterium gas, platinum oxide and potassium carbonate in ethyl acetate went quantitatively to [4&apos;&apos;, 6&apos;-[sup 2]H]-2; however, the use of tritium instead of deuterium failed to yield [4&apos;&apos;, 6&apos;-[sup 3]H]-2 giving instead decomposed materials. Fortunately the use of the iodo compounds 4&apos;&apos;, 4&apos; -diiodo-1 and 4&apos;&apos;, 6&apos; -diiodo-2 with tritium gas and palladium on carbon in absolute ethanol gave [4&apos;&apos;, 4&apos; -[sup 3]H]-2 in near quantitative yields at 55 Ci/mmol. (Author).

  6. Energy-related renovation in the world heritage. Retrofitting &apos;Glas-Hoffmann&apos; buildings, Berlin; Energetische Sanierung im Weltkulturerbe. Sanierung &apos;Glas-Hoffmann&apos;-Bauten, Berlin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brensing, Christian

    2012-11-01

    Between 1955 and 1959, the housing estate at the Schiller park in Berlin-Wedding (Federal Republic in Germany) established in the 1920ies was expanded by four-storey house lines, the so-called Glas-Hoffmann buildings. Since 2008, this ensemble belongs to the Unesco World Heritage. In improving the thermal insulation of the building envelope and the adaptation of the building services to today&apos;s standards, therefore the architectural aesthetics of these buildings should not be endangered. The retrofitting was a pilot project of the research project &apos;&apos;Monument and energy - Postwar Modernism&apos;&apos;.

  7. Solar students&apos; hostel at Kaiserslautern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmann, W.; Vangerow-Kuehn, A.

    A students&apos; hostel including 30 living units is being built at the University of Kaiserslautern. Together with the department of biology the students of the department of architecture, regional and environmental planning, civil engineering, are planning an &apos;'alternative'&apos; hostel. It is to be constructed on the university campus in self-construction. The passive utilization of solar energy for the conservation of heating costs is focused in the design planning. The hostel shall be roofed with a standard, low-priced greenhouse construction of a prefabrication degree of 100% and including standardized ventilation devices and blinds.

  8. Functional and morphological parameters with tissue characterization of cardiovascular magnetic imaging in clinically verified &apos;&apos;infarct-like myocarditis&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwab, Johannes [Paracelsus Medical Univ., General Hospital Nuremberg (Germany). Dept. of Cardiology and Radiology; Rogg, H.J.; Pauschinger, M.; Fessele, K. [Paracelsus Medical Univ., General Hospital Nuremberg (Germany). Dept. of Cardiology; Bareiter, T.; Baer, I. [Paracelsus Medical Univ., General Hospital Nuremberg (Germany). Dept. of Cardiology and Neuroradiology; Loose, R. [Paracelsus Medical Univ., General Hospital Nuremberg (Germany). Dept. of Radiology

    2016-04-15

    Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has increasingly proved to be a valuable diagnostic tool for evaluating patients with suspected myocarditis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of functional and morphological parameters including tissue characterization in patients with &apos;&apos;infarct-like myocarditis&apos;&apos;. 43 patients with clinically verified cases of &apos;&apos;infarct-like myocarditis&apos;&apos; (median time to MRI scanning after admission for acute symptoms 3 days) and 35 control patients matched by age and sex were included in this retrospective case control study. In this study we used a 1.5 T MRI scanner conducting steady-state-free-precession sequences, T2-weighted imaging, T1-weighted imaging before and after contrast administration and late gadolinium enhancement sequences. According to the recommendations for CMR diagnosis of myocarditis (Lake Louise consensus criteria), a scan was positive for acute myocarditis if 2 of 3 CMR criteria were present. 30 % of the patients with &apos;&apos;infarct-like myocarditis&apos;&apos; had a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, 11 % had an increased LV end-diastolic volume index and 35 % had an increased LV mass index. The sensitivity of wall motion abnormalities was 63 % with a regional distribution in 49 %. In 47 % of cases regional wall motion abnormalities were present in the lateral left ventricular segments. Pericardial effusions were discovered in 65 % of cases with a circular appearance in 21 % and focal manifestation in 44 %. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of CMR in patients with &apos;&apos;infarct-like myocarditis&apos;&apos; were 67 %, 100 % and 82 %, respectively. The LGE alone was the most sensitive test parameter with 86 %, providing a specificity of 100 % and accuracy of 92 %. Our study results can be applied to the subgroup of patients with &apos;&apos;infarct-like myocarditis&apos;&apos;, where we found that LGE alone was the

  9. Tratamento da depressão bipolar The treatment of bipolar depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beny Lafer

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento da depressão bipolar tem sido tema de debate. O uso de antidepressivos, principalmente tricíclicos, nestes pacientes está associado a piores desfechos clínicos. Estudos apontam para uma eficácia limitada de estabilizadores tradicionais como lítio, valproato e carbamazepina no tratamento da depressão bipolar. Em casos de depressão mais grave, há indicativos de que os antidepressivos podem ser úteis, sendo recomendado o uso concomitante de um estabilizador do humor. Novos agentes como a lamotrigina têm sido propostos como efetivos no tratamento da depressão bipolar. Estudos recentes utilizando lamotrigina sugerem a sua eficácia e seguraça no tratamento da depressão bipolar.The treatment of bipolar depression has been an area of debate. The use of antidepressants, particularly the triciclics, has been associated with worse clinical outcomes. Evidence points to a limited efficacy of traditional mood stabilizers such as lithium, valproate and carbamazepine in the treatment of bipolar depression. In cases where depression is more severe, there is evidence that antidepressants may be useful. The use of antidepressants should be in association with a mood stabilizer. New agents such as lamotrigine have been put forward as effective in the treatment of bipolar depression. Recent studies using lamotrigine suggest its efficacy and safety in the treatment of bipolar depression.

  10. Tratamento da espasticidade: uma atualização Treatment of spasticity: an update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HÉLIO A.G. TEIVE

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos revisão sobre o tratamento atual da espasticidade, enfocando a terapêutica farmacológica, fisioterápica e através da utilização de toxina botulínica.We present an update about the treatment of spasticity, stressing the pharmacological treatment, physical therapy and botulinum toxin therapy.

  11. História dos tratamentos biológicos Biologicals treatments's history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Paulo Rigonatti

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Contexto: Trata-se de uma discussão de como surgiram os tratamentos biológicos no decorrer da história da psiquiatria.Context: It's about a discussion on how begun the biological treatment throughout Psychiatry History.

  12. Tratamento da bulimia nervosa: síntese das evidências

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bacaltchuk Josué

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available As duas abordagens terapêuticas mais estudadas para o tratamento da bulimia nervosa (BN são os tratamentos psicológicos, principalmente a terapia cognitivo-comportamental (TCC e o uso de antidepressivos. Os resultados de duas revisões sistemáticas da literatura mostram que a TCC é melhor que fila de espera e que os antidepressivos são superiores ao placebo na remissão a curto prazo dos sintomas bulímicos. A comparação direta das duas abordagens mostra que, quando usados como abordagens exclusivas, a TCC é clinicamente mais eficaz e mais aceita do que os antidepressivos. A associação dos dois tipos de tratamento é clinicamente mais eficaz que cada um isoladamente, mas a aceitação das abordagens psicológicas exclusivas é maior. Como a BN é um transtorno grave e com baixa taxa de remissão espontânea, o tratamento associado, com abordagem multidimensional e multidisciplinar, pode ser indicado.

  13. Tratamento cirúrgico da fratura do côndilo occipital: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusmão Sebastião Silva

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos um caso de fratura do côndilo occipital tratada cirurgicamente, que se manifestou por cervicalgia, lesão dos nervos IX, X e XII e síndrome piramidal dos quatro membros. É realizada revisão da literatura sobre o tratamento cirúrgico da fratura do côndilo occipital.

  14. Perspectiva do enfermeiro frente à assistência no tratamento de feridas em ambiente hospitalar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Sabrina Machado

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Justificativa e Objetivos: diante da importância do profissional enfermeiro sobre os cuidados de enfermagem, este estudo teve como objetivo compreender a perspectiva do enfermeiro frente aos cuidados de enfermagem no tratamento de feridas em ambiente hospitalar. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo descritivo, do tipo transversal, com abordagem qualitativa, realizado com dez enfermeiros integrantes da Comissão de Feridas de um hospital de médio porte no Vale do Taquari - RS. Resultados: existe um consenso sobre a importância do trabalho do enfermeiro, principalmente inserido em equipe multidisciplinar para efetividade no tratamento das feridas, sendo este, figura chave no processo de prevenção ou tratamento de lesões, bem como na construção de protocolos científicos e treinamentos, para qualificação da assistência, sem esquecer a importância dos registros, como importante ferramenta de comunicação. Conclusão: conclui-se que há necessidade de programas de educação continuada que enfoque a discussão e avaliação de caso, bem como se observa a importância dessa comissão no tratamento dos pacientes, devido a sua estruturação multidisciplinar.

  15. &apos;Essential&apos; macroscopic hematuria from upper urinary tract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dobrikov, R.; Mladenov, B.; Totev, M.

    2015-01-01

    Full text: The macroscopic haematuria is one of the most common reasons for visit in emergency urology clinic. Urology massive hematuria may be caused by inflammation, gallstones, trauma, benign and malignant tumors. The issue of &apos;Essential&apos; haematuria, typically of the upper urinary tract - one where it is not established cause, stands for decades. With the introduction of new diagnostic technologies - imaging and instrumentation, the share of &apos;Essential&apos; haematuria, decreased. The aim of the study was to investigate and establish the diagnostic value of venous and CT urography, MRI and ureterorenoscopy in case of chronic &apos;essential&apos; haematuria from the upper urinary tract by comparing their specificity and sensitivity. For a period of three years 214 patients were prospectively followed and hospitalized with macroscopic haematuria. All were examined with ultrasonography, radiography of the kidneys, ureters and bladder, cystoscopy. In 20 of the patients was excluded pathology of lower urinary tract as a cystoscope establish bleeding ureteral ostium / ostium, but diagnosis or direction of such a listed methods could not be found. Patients were subjected to IVP, then CT urography or MRI (in patients with elevated serum creatinine) and rigid ureterorenoscopy in this sequence and the results were analyzed. Of these 20 patients, 9 were diagnosed with malignancy, 4 - X-ray-negative lithiasis, eroded court, 4 - hemangioma changes or bleeding benign mucosa, 1 arterio-venous fistula, 2 were not finally diagnosed . 10 patients were diagnosed by IVP, which was confirmed by other methods (sensitivity 56.2%, specificity 75.7%). Both indicators were more robustly to cases of urothelial carcinoma pielon or ureter (respectively 66.9% and 84.4%). For CT urography and MRI the total sensitivity for detection of pathology was 85.8%, specificity 94.5%. In our series has revealed no statistically significant difference between the possibility of diagnosis

  16. Tratamento não-operatório do trauma abdominal fechado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz H. M. Mestieri

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Introdução - A mudança da rotina operatória para o tratamento não-operatório (TNO de traumas fechados nos órgãos abdominais sólidos é uma das tendências mais notáveis no cuidado aos pacientes politraumatizados nos últimos 14 anos. Médicos estão sentindo-se seguros para aplicar a técnica não-operatória em tais pacientes. Entretanto, surpreende-nos o fato de que, após uma mudança tão radical, nosso conhecimento seja, ainda, baseado em dados retrospectivos. Quesitos importantes, como as taxas de TNO, suas causas e fatores predisponentes foram obtidos, principalmente, através de revisões de prontuário. Objetivo - Análise da literatura científica sobre as possibilidades de tratamento não-operatório dos traumas abdominais fechados. Material e Método - A literatura científica pesquisada consta de 45 publicações de diversas revistas publicadas entre 1990 e 2004. Nosso trabalho foi realizado sob a forma de metanálise comparativa dentre as díspares condutas de tratamento dos traumas abdominais fechados. Conclusão - O trauma abdominal fechado (contuso representa parcela importante dos traumas. Seu tratamento inicialmente era cirúrgico, mas ultimamente vem-se optando pelo tratamento não-operatório, evitando-se, assim, as complicações decorrentes das cirurgias, como infecções e hemorragias. Existem, contudo, indicações adequadas para que seja realizado o tratamento não-operatório, e não existe um consenso sobre a utilização ou não dessa terapêutica em todos os casos. Diversos estudos mostram os órgãos mais afetados no trauma, os critérios de diagnóstico utilizados para identificar as lesões e as considerações sobre o monitoramento do paciente, que levarão à escolha da conduta e aos resultados do tratamento; mas as opiniões divergem.

  17. Gastos publicos com medicamentos para o tratamento da osteoporose na pos-menopausa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mariano Ruas Brandao

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os gastos com medicamentos para o tratamento da osteoporose na pós-menopausa e os fatores associados ao gasto médio per capita . MÉTODOS: Pareamento probabilístico-determinístico a partir das bases das Autorizações de Procedimentos de Alta Complexidade com o Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade, resultando em coorte histórica de pacientes que utilizaram medicamentos de alto custo para o tratamento da osteoporose na pós-menopausa de 2000 a 2006. O gasto médio mensal com medicamentos foi estratificado por faixas etárias e descrito de acordo com as características demográficas, clínicas e tipo de medicamento utilizado. Foi utilizado modelo de regressão linear para avaliar o impacto de características demográficas e clínicas sobre o gasto médio mensal per capita com os medicamentos. RESULTADOS: Foram identificadas 72.265 mulheres que receberam medicamentos para o tratamento da osteoporose na pós-menopausa. O gasto médio mensal per capita no primeiro ano de tratamento foi de R$ 90,00 (dp R$ 144,49. A maioria das mulheres tinha de 60 a 69 anos de idade, iniciaram tratamento em 2000, eram residentes na região Sudeste, tinham fraturas osteoporóticas prévias e o alendronato de sódio foi o medicamento mais utilizado no início do tratamento. A maioria das pacientes permaneceu em uso do mesmo princípio ativo durante o tratamento. Foram identificados 6.429 óbitos entre as participantes. Mais de um terço das mulheres permaneceram no programa por até 12 meses. Raloxifeno e calcitonina sintética foram as alternativas com maior impacto sobre o gasto médio mensal com medicamentos, tendo como padrão de referência o alendronato de sódio. CONCLUSÕES: Dado o alto impacto do tipo de medicamento utilizado no gasto com medicação, recomenda-se estabelecer critérios para prescrição e dispensação, com prioridade para aqueles com menores custos e maior efetividade. Isso pode otimizar o processo de assist

  18. Conference-debate &apos;When nuclear science provides health care&apos; - Proceedings; conference debat &apos;Quand le nucleaire soigne&apos; - Recueil des presentations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-03-15

    At the occasion of the 2. issue of the &apos;Industry week, the &apos;French society of nuclear energy (SFEN) young generation&apos; and the &apos;Women in Nuclear (WIN)&apos; associations have organised in partnership with Nucleopolis and the Cherbourg-Normandie Techno-pole, a conference day on the topic &apos;why and how nuclear energy is used for cancer therapy&apos;. Professors Jacques Foos, Jean Datchary and Denis Agostini were invited to treat this question. This document is the compilation of their 3 presentations: 1 - The discovery, principle and medical applications of radioactivity (J. Foos, CNAM); 2 - Cancer diagnosis and therapy with nuclear medicine (D. Agostini, CHU Caen); 3 - From diagnosis to therapy: the various radiotherapy methods (J. Datchary)

  19. The lithium-polymer &apos;sandwich&apos; reinvents the battery; Le &apos;'sandwich'&apos; lithium-polymere reinvente la batterie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jemain, A.

    2004-05-01

    In collaboration with Electricite de France (EdF), the French atomic energy commission (CEA), Schneider Electric and several laboratories of electrochemistry, Batscap, a daughter company of the Bollore group, has developed a new type of lithium-polymer battery for automotive applications. In this battery, each element is made of 4 films with a 100 {mu}m thickness winded together. The anode is a lithium metal foil, the electrolyte is a solid polymer film with several additives (lithium salts and others), and the cathode is a film of vanadium oxide-based polymer with carbon black as insertion compound. Finally, an &apos;intelligent&apos; aluminium metal film is used as collector. The use of these materials leads to an energy density of 150 Wh/kg and to a power density of 300 W/kg. The optimum temperature of utilisation is between 80 and 85 deg. C. The battery can be charged rapidly (50% during the first hour, the remaining 50% during 6 hours) and all the materials used are recyclable. Used in an electric-powered vehicle the battery has an autonomy of 200 to 300 km, a service life of 10 years (1000 cycles or 150000 km) and a temperature of use comprised between -20 and +60 deg. C. Its price is of about 1500 euros/vehicle. (J.S.)

  20. Qualidade de bulbos de cebola em consequência de tratamentos pré-colheita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira Marcos David

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de se avaliar o efeito de tratamentos pré-colheita na qualidade de bulbos de cebola, através dos parâmetros perda de peso, espessura e coloração da casca, diâmetro e firmeza do bulbo, foi conduzido experimento em Paulínia, Estado de São Paulo, em 1997. Foram utilizados quatro tratamentos: testemunha; oxicloreto de cobre (250 g 100 L-1 de água; ácido bórico (250 g 100 L-1 de água; e a combinação dos dois últimos e seis cultivares: Serrana, Régia, Crioula e três híbridos da SVS, HT, HS-1 e HS-2. Os tratamentos foram aplicados durante a bulbificação. Os bulbos foram armazenados à temperatura ambiente (25ºC e analisados periodicamente para os parâmetros citados. Os resultados permitiram observar que a aplicação pré-colheita do oxicloreto de cobre, nas quatro últimas semanas do ciclo, aumentou significativamente a resistência da casca dos bulbos, reduziu a perda de peso e incrementou a coloração dos mesmos, para todas as cultivares. Cultivares com casca mais escura apresentaram melhor resposta aos tratamentos pré-colheita para a coloração, do que as de casca mais clara. A firmeza dos bulbos, não foi influenciada pelos tratamentos pré-colheita.

  1. Eletroacupuntura para tratamento de hipotensão induzida por isofluorano em cavalos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.C. Franco

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a eficiência do tratamento da hipotensão arterial com eletroacupuntura comparativamente à dobutamina em equinos. Foram avaliados seis cavalos adultos, saudáveis, mantidos em anestesia inalatória, com isofluorano, em ventilação mecânica. Após a estabilização da anestesia, foi induzida hipotensão arterial, através do incremento da concentração do isofluorano, iniciando-se um dos tratamentos: DOB: dobutamina (1,5µg kg-1 min-1, infusão contínua intravenosa; EA: estímulo elétrico no acuponto pericárdio 6 (PC6, bilateralmente; SHAM: estímulo elétrico em ponto falso de acupuntura. Foram mensurados: frequência cardíaca (FC, pressão arterial média (PAM, temperatura retal (T, concentração final expirada de isofluorano (ETiso, variáveis hemogasométricas, concentração sérica de aspartato aminotransferase (AST e creatina fosfoquinase (CK, tempo e qualidade da recuperação pós-anestésica. Houve incremento na PAM de 50%, 36,6% e 7,5% nos tratamentos DOB, EA e SHAM, respectivamente. Não houve diferença entre os grupos nas variáveis hemogasométricas, FC, T, ETiso, CK, AST, tempo e qualidade de recuperação pós-anestésica. Conclui-se que o tratamento com dobutamina foi mais efetivo para o tratamento da hipotensão em cavalos sob anestesia inalatória quando comparado ao estímulo elétrico do acuponto PC6 ou ponto falso de acupuntura.

  2. IPSN activity report 1999; Rapport d&apos;activite de l&apos;IPSN 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    The &apos;&apos;Institut de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire&apos;&apos; (IPSN), carries out researches and expert studies needed to manage nuclear risks and their consequences on people and environment. These activities cover the installation safety, the radioactive matter transport, the public health and environmental control, the nuclear matters safety and control and the crisis situation management. The IPSN have got also a mission of public information and participates to international actions in the domain of scientific researches or expert&apos;s report. This annual report presents the highlights of the year 1999, information on staff, budgets and geographical situation. Then technical and scientific papers gathers the activities of the year covered by the IPSN: the &apos;&apos;Free Tribune&apos;&apos;, installations and radioactive wastes safety, crisis and nuclear matter management, public health and environment control, international cooperation. (A.L.B.)

  3. Pharmaceutical induction of ApoE secretion by multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whitney Mandolin J

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Apolipoprotein E (ApoE is a molecular scavenger in the blood and brain. Aberrant function of the molecule causes formation of protein and lipid deposits or "plaques" that characterize Alzheimer's disease (AD and atherosclerosis. There are three human isoforms of ApoE designated ε2, ε3, and ε4. Each isoform differentially affects the structure and function of the protein and thus the development of disease. Homozygosity for ApoE ε4 is associated with atherosclerosis and Alzheimer's disease whereas ApoE ε2 and ε3 tend to be protective. Furthermore, the ε2 form may cause forms of hyperlipoproteinemia. Therefore, introduction of ApoE ε3 may be beneficial to patients that are susceptible to or suffering from these diseases. Mesenchymal stem cells or multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs are adult progenitor cells found in numerous tissues. They are easily expanded in culture and engraft into host tissues when administered appropriately. Furthermore, MSCs are immunosuppressive and have been reported to engraft as allogeneic transplants. In our previous study, mouse MSCs (mMSCs were implanted into the brains of ApoE null mice, resulting in production of small amounts of ApoE in the brain and attenuation of cognitive deficits. Therefore human MSCs (hMSCs are a promising vector for the administration of ApoE ε3 in humans. Results Unlike mMSCs, hMSCs were found not to express ApoE in culture; therefore a molecular screen was performed for compounds that induce expression. PPARγ agonists, neural stem cell conditioned medium, osteo-inductive media, dexamethasone, and adipo-inductive media (AIM were tested. Of the conditions tested, only AIM or dexamethasone induced sustained secretion of ApoE in MSCs and the duration of secretion was only limited by the length of time MSCs could be sustained in culture. Upon withdrawal of the inductive stimuli, the ApoE secretion persisted for a further 14 days. Conclusion The data

  4. Scenarios for an integrated sustainability policy - using the example of the &apos;&apos;Sustainable City 2030&apos;&apos;. Vol. 2; Szenarien fuer eine integrierte Nachhaltigkeitspolitik - am Beispiel: Die nachhaltige Stadt 2030. Bd. 2. Teilbericht &apos;&apos;Kreislaufstadt 2030&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verbuecheln, Maic; Grabow, Busso; Uttke, Angela; Schwausch, Mandy [Deutsches Inst. fuer Urbanistik (DiFu), Berlin (Germany); Gassner, Robert [Institut fuer Zukunftsstudien und Technologiebewertung gGmbH (IZT), Berlin (Germany)

    2013-04-15

    The partial report &apos;&apos;Recycling City 2030&apos;&apos; was prepared for the Federal Environment Agency (Dessau, Federal Republic of Germany) as a part of the project &apos;&apos;Scenarios for an integrated sustainability policy - the example of &apos;The Sustainable City 2030 &apos;'&apos;. This partial report is based on research activities of the German Institute of Urban Affairs (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) and Institute for Futures Studies and Technology Assessment (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany). The objectives of this partial report are: (1) Description of the challenges and trends in urban regions; (2) Recycling city and its importance in the current debate on sustainability; (3) Identification and optimization of existing cycle approaches in urban habitats; (4) Analysis of the actual state as well as designation of developments and constraints; (5) Discussion on the interface between the sectors; (6) Options for action for the interaction between the actors in interdisciplinary topics; (7) Outline of ways and perspectives of the implementation of the &apos;&apos;Recycling City 2030&apos;&apos;.

  5. Environmental education project &apos;Mico-Estrela Track&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vicente, Ana Paula Camargo de; Magalhaes, Milton Pinto Magalhaes; Silva, Simone Rodrigues da; Pinheiro, Roberta Vieira Nunes; Torres, Carlos Alberto Rodrigues; Silveira, Jeanete [PETROBRAS Transporte S.A. (TRANSPETRO), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-12-19

    Senador Canedo fuel storage terminal is situated in the Cerrado biome and implements the policy of promoting improvements in the preservation of its Green Belt by working out the Environmental Education Project &apos;Mico-Estrela7 Track&apos;, aimed at stimulating the preservation, protection, landscape beauty and defense of scientific sources of the Cerrado through environmental sensibilization and rational use of the existing natural resources. In the area of the track (1.5 ha) alone 352 plants have been identified, totaling 97 different species that are distributed in 36 families. The implementation of the project will contribute to strengthen the relations with the local community, like dwellers, teachers and pupils of the municipal network of Senador Canedo, as well as co-workers of the unit, thus reaffirming the commitment of the company to socio-environmental responsibility. (author)

  6. &apos;Dynamical Supersymmetry Breaking, with Flavor&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Craig, Nathaniel; Essig, Rouven; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC; Franco, Sebastian; Kachru, Shamit; /Santa Barbara, KITP /UC, Santa Barbara; Torroba, Gonzalo; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Santa Barbara, KITP /UC, Santa Barbara

    2010-08-26

    We explore calculable models with low-energy supersymmetry where the flavor hierarchy is generated by quark and lepton compositeness, and where the composites emerge from the same sector that dynamically breaks supersymmetry. The observed pattern of Standard Model fermion masses and mixings is obtained by identifying the various generations with composites of different dimension in the ultraviolet. These &apos;single-sector&apos; supersymmetry breaking models give rise to various spectra of soft masses which are, in many cases, quite distinct from what is commonly found in models of gauge or gravity mediation. In typical models which satisfy all flavor-changing neutral current constraints, both the first and second generation sparticles have masses of order 20 TeV, while the stop mass is a few TeV. In other cases, all sparticles obtain masses of order a few TeV predominantly from gauge mediation, even though the first two generations are composite.

  7. A neural model for transient identification in dynamic processes with &apos;don&apos;t know&apos; response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mol, Antonio C. de A. E-mail: mol@ien.gov.br; Martinez, Aquilino S. E-mail: aquilino@lmp.ufrj.br; Schirru, Roberto E-mail: schirru@lmp.ufrj.br

    2003-09-01

    This work presents an approach for neural network based transient identification which allows either dynamic identification or a &apos;don&apos;t know&apos; response. The approach uses two &apos;jump&apos; multilayer neural networks (NN) trained with the backpropagation algorithm. The &apos;jump&apos; network is used because it is useful to dealing with very complex patterns, which is the case of the space of the state variables during some abnormal events. The first one is responsible for the dynamic identification. This NN uses, as input, a short set (in a moving time window) of recent measurements of each variable avoiding the necessity of using starting events. The other one is used to validate the instantaneous identification (from the first net) through the validation of each variable. This net is responsible for allowing the system to provide a &apos;don&apos;t know&apos; response. In order to validate the method, a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) transient identification problem comprising 15 postulated accidents, simulated for a pressurized water reactor (PWR), was proposed in the validation process it has been considered noisy data in order to evaluate the method robustness. Obtained results reveal the ability of the method in dealing with both dynamic identification of transients and correct &apos;don&apos;t know&apos; response. Another important point studied in this work is that the system has shown to be independent of a trigger signal which indicates the beginning of the transient, thus making it robust in relation to this limitation.

  8. MRI of &apos;brain death&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishino, Shigeki; Itoh, Takahiko; Tuchida, Shohei; Kinugasa, Kazushi; Asari, Shoji; Nishimoto, Akira (Okayama Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine); Sanou, Kazuo

    1990-12-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was undertaken for two patients who suffered from severe cerebrovascular diseases and were clinically brain dead. The MRI system we used was Resona (Yokogawa Medical Systems, superconductive system 0.5 T) and the CT apparatus was Toshiba TCT-300. Initial CT and MRI were undertaken as soon as possible after admission, and repeated sequentially. After diagnosis of brain death, we performed angiography to determine cerebral circulatory arrest, and MRI obtained at the same time was compared with the angiogram and CT. Case 1 was a 77-year-old man who was admitted in an unconscious state. CT and MRI on the second day after hospitalization revealed cerebellar infarction. He was diagnosed as brain dead on day 4. Case 2 was a 35-year-old man. When he was transferred to our hospital, he was in cardiorespiratory arrested. Cardiac resuscitation was successful but no spontaneous respiration appeared. CT and MRI on admission revealed right intracerebral hemorrhage. Angiography revealed cessation of contrast medium in intracranial vessels in both of the patients. We found no &apos;flow signal void sign&apos; in the bilateral internal carotid and basilar arteries on MRI images in both cases after brain death. MRI, showing us the anatomical changes of the brain, clearly revealed brain herniations, even though only nuclear findings of &apos;brain tamponade&apos; were seen on CT. But in Case 1, we could not see the infarct lesions in the cerebellum on MR images obtained after brain death. This phenomenon was caused by the whole brain ischemia masking the initial ischemic lesions. We concluded that MRI was useful not only the anatomical display of lesions and brain herniation with high contrast resolution but for obtaining information on cerebral circulation of brain death. (author).

  9. PubliForum &apos;Electricity and Society&apos;. Citizen Panel Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    In the Citizen Panel&apos;s Report on &apos;Electricity and Society&apos; we present the first results of three intensive week-ends. In this document, 27 Swiss citizens have recorded their opinions on the future of our electricity supply system. Solutions are sought without making claims on having found the ultimate recipe. The recommendations are the result of an assessment made by a representative cross-section of the public - one could almost say &apos;the voice of the people&apos;. They reflect not only the public&apos;s apprehensions and worries, but also their ideas and desires. (authors)

  10. Search for B Meson Decays to eta&apos; eta&apos; K

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.

    2006-05-05

    The authors describe searches for decays of B mesons to the charmless final states {eta}&apos;{eta}&apos;K. The data consist of 228 million B{bar B} pairs produced in e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation, collected with the BABAR detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The 90% confidence level upper limits for the branching fractions are {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}&apos;{eta}&apos;K{sup 0}) < 31 x 10{sup -6} and {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {eta}&apos;{eta}&apos;K{sup +}) < 25 x 10{sup -6}.

  11. Know-how management &apos;&apos;Rock mechanics and support methods for the gate roads in the German coal mining industry&apos;&apos;; Wissensmanagement &apos;&apos;Gebirgsmechanik und Ausbautechnik fuer Floezstrecken im deutschen Steinkohlenbergbau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Junker, M. [Deutsche Steinkohle AG, Herne (Germany). Servicebereich Technik und Logistik; Schmidt, R.

    2006-03-23

    The R+D-project for establishment of a database with the entire know-how of the last 30 years from the &apos;&apos;Rock mechanics and support methods for gate roads in the German coal mining industry&apos;&apos; has so far been carried out as planned. After adaptation to the project the selected computer system was introduced. A planning module with recorded operational cases and a structured literature database is thus available to the Competence Centre for Road Supports in the Mining Technology Department of the Technology and Logistics Service Division of DSK. (Orig.)

  12. Tratamento da Doença de Chagas pelo Nifurtimox (Bayer 2502

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aluizio Prata

    1975-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram tratados 77 pacientes com doença de Chagas pelo nifurtimox, subdivididos em quatro grupos. Grupo I, com 30 pacientes na fase aguda. Somente oito doentes usaram a droga durante 120 dias, na dose inicial de 15 mg/kg de peso corporal e posteriormente de 10 mg. Vinte e dois pacientes tomaram dose insuficiente. Em quatro doentes (50% o xenodiagnóstico tornou-se negativo pós-tratamento; destes, três fizeram reação de Machado Guerreiro, a qual estava negativa. Houve um óbito por insuficiência cardíaca no 59 dia de tratamento. Seis pacientes apresentaram polineuropatia periférica. Grupo II, com 15 pacientes na fase crônica, tratados em ambulatório. Oito abandonaram o tratamento, mas cinco em dez que tomaram placebo fizeram o mesmo. Dos seis que tomaram a droga durante 120 dias e fizeram pelo menos um xenodiagnóstico pós-tratamento, havia quatro que estavam com os exames negativos. O tratamento não alterou o eletrocardiograma, a área cardíaca ou a radiografia do esôfago dos doentes e não evitou que um paciente viesse a desenvolver insuficiência cardíaca e um outro arritmia. Grupo III, com 15 pacientes na fase crônica, tratados com 10 mg/kg, durante 120 dias. Fizeram 12 xenodiagnósticos mensalmente, cada um com oito caixas contendo 10 T. infestans após o tratamento e somente 28,5% dos pacientes apresentaram todos os exames negativos. Houve acentuada redução da parasitemia, mesmo nos doentes não curados. O número de xenos positivos passou de 43% antes do tratamento para 24,4% após o mesmo e o número de caixas positivas caiu de 29,6% para 7%. Grupo IV, com 17 pacientes na fase crônica, tratados com 8 mg/kg ao dia, sendo que em oito durante 120 dias, em cinco durante 100 dias e em quatro durante 60 dias. A percentagem de doentes com os 12 xenos negativos pós-tratamento foi de 56,25. Também neste grupo houve redução de parasitemia, caindo a percentagem de xenos positivos de 76,5 antes do tratamento para 10,3 e a de

  13. Sewage treatment in third world countries; Abwasserbehandlung in Laendern der &apos;&apos;Dritten Welt&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiemann, W.; Bernecker, A. [Bremen Univ. (Germany). Physikalische und Umweltchemie

    1999-09-01

    Low-cost and technically adapted solutions for sewage treatment in Third World countries have become a central issue of many seminars. The Contribution reviews technologies like photocatalysis, construction of artificial wetlands for elimination of nutrients from liquid effluents, and anaerobic digetion of carbon-containing effluents. Integrated management of water resources and integration of available technologies are gone into as well. [German] Zentrale Themen vieler Seminarveranstaltungen, in denen es um die Abwasserbehandlung in Laendern der sogenannten Dritten Welt geht, sind preiswerte und den lokalen Verhaeltnissen angepasste technische Loesungen einer effizienten Abwasserreinigungstechnik. In diesem Zusammenhang werden Technologien wie der Einsatz von Solarenergie zur Abwasserbehandlung durch Photokatalyse, die Entwicklung von kuenstlich angelegten &apos;wet lands&apos; zur Aufnahme und Eliminierung von Naehrstoffen aus Abwaessern sowie die Umsetzung kohlenstoffhaltiger Abwaesser durch Gaerung vorgestellt. Ferner finden Belange des ganzheitlichen Managements der Wasserressourcen ebenso wie eine Integration vorherrschender Techniken im Beitrag Beruecksichtigung. (orig.)

  14. The intern structure of special relativity; La &apos;&apos;structure fine&apos;&apos; de la relativite restreinte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pierseaux, Y. [Universite Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)

    1999-07-01

    The author presents the forgotten fact that in 1905 there were 2 restricted theories of relativity: that of Einstein and that of Poincare. These 2 theories were independently formulated, they are very close to each other but are fundamentally different when we consider their basic principles. Poincare&apos;s theory is based on a classical representation of the purely undulatory aspect of light, whereas Einstein stipulates for the quantum aspect of light. Poincare&apos;s theory implies the existence of the ether and asserts the primacy of continuity over discontinuity. The author has based his work on a thorough study of the scientific articles in which Poincare and Einstein explained their ideas. The comparison of these 2 theories sheds light on the evolution of concepts on which the whole modern physics is based. An extended bibliography of works published on special relativity or on related topics is given. (A.C.)

  15. MID-INFRARED HIGH-CONTRAST IMAGING OF HD 114174 B: AN APPARENT AGE DISCREPANCY IN A &apos;'SIRIUS-LIKE'&apos; BINARY SYSTEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matthews, Christopher T.; Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Skemer, Andrew; Hinz, Philip M.; Bailey, Vanessa P.; Defrere, Denis; Leisenring, Jarron [Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 993 N. Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Gianninas, Alexandros; Kilic, Mukremin [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Skrutskie, Michael [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Esposito, Simone; Puglisi, Alfio [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri Largo E. Fermi I-550125 Firenze (Italy)

    2014-03-10

    We present new observations of the faint &apos;'Sirius-like'&apos; companion discovered to orbit HD 114174. Previous attempts to image HD 114174 B at mid-infrared wavelengths using NIRC2 at Keck have resulted in a non-detection. Our new L&apos;-band observations taken with the Large Binocular Telescope and L/M-band InfraRed Camera recover the companion (ΔL = 10.15 ± 0.15 mag, ρ = 0.&apos;&apos;675 ± 0.&apos;&apos;016) with a high signal-to-noise ratio (10σ). This measurement represents the deepest L&apos; high-contrast imaging detection at subarcsecond separations to date, including extrasolar planets. We confirm that HD 114174 B has near-infrared colors consistent with the interpretation of a cool white dwarf (WD; J – L&apos; = 0.76 ± 0.19 mag, K – L&apos; = 0.64 ± 0.20). New model fits to the object&apos;s spectral energy distribution indicate a temperature T {sub eff} = 4260 ± 360 K, surface gravity log g = 7.94 ± 0.03, a cooling age t{sub c} ≈ 7.8 Gyr, and mass M = 0.54 ± 0.01 M {sub ☉}. We find that the cooling ages given by theoretical atmospheric models do not agree with the age of HD 114174 A derived from both isochronological and gyrochronological analyses. We speculate on possible scenarios to explain the apparent age discrepancy between the primary and secondary. HD 114174 B is a nearby benchmark WD that will ultimately enable a dynamical mass estimate through continued Doppler and astrometric monitoring. Efforts to characterize its physical properties in detail will test theoretical atmospheric models and improve our understanding of WD evolution, cooling, and progenitor masses.

  16. MID-INFRARED HIGH-CONTRAST IMAGING OF HD 114174 B: AN APPARENT AGE DISCREPANCY IN A &apos;'SIRIUS-LIKE'&apos; BINARY SYSTEM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matthews, Christopher T.; Crepp, Justin R.; Skemer, Andrew; Hinz, Philip M.; Bailey, Vanessa P.; Defrere, Denis; Leisenring, Jarron; Gianninas, Alexandros; Kilic, Mukremin; Skrutskie, Michael; Esposito, Simone; Puglisi, Alfio

    2014-01-01

    We present new observations of the faint &apos;'Sirius-like'&apos; companion discovered to orbit HD 114174. Previous attempts to image HD 114174 B at mid-infrared wavelengths using NIRC2 at Keck have resulted in a non-detection. Our new L&apos;-band observations taken with the Large Binocular Telescope and L/M-band InfraRed Camera recover the companion (ΔL = 10.15 ± 0.15 mag, ρ = 0.&apos;&apos;675 ± 0.&apos;&apos;016) with a high signal-to-noise ratio (10σ). This measurement represents the deepest L&apos; high-contrast imaging detection at subarcsecond separations to date, including extrasolar planets. We confirm that HD 114174 B has near-infrared colors consistent with the interpretation of a cool white dwarf (WD; J – L&apos; = 0.76 ± 0.19 mag, K – L&apos; = 0.64 ± 0.20). New model fits to the object&apos;s spectral energy distribution indicate a temperature T eff = 4260 ± 360 K, surface gravity log g = 7.94 ± 0.03, a cooling age t c ≈ 7.8 Gyr, and mass M = 0.54 ± 0.01 M ☉ . We find that the cooling ages given by theoretical atmospheric models do not agree with the age of HD 114174 A derived from both isochronological and gyrochronological analyses. We speculate on possible scenarios to explain the apparent age discrepancy between the primary and secondary. HD 114174 B is a nearby benchmark WD that will ultimately enable a dynamical mass estimate through continued Doppler and astrometric monitoring. Efforts to characterize its physical properties in detail will test theoretical atmospheric models and improve our understanding of WD evolution, cooling, and progenitor masses

  17. Hodgkin&apos;s lymphoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ballova, V.

    2008-01-01

    The treatment of Hodgkin&apos;s lymphoma has changed considerably in the last decades. This entity is now one of the most curable human malignancies. With improved survival and extended follow-up, relevance of treatment induced late effects became more evident. Therefore modern therapeutic strategies must maximize chance of cure and minimize the risk of therapy associated toxicity. Here we review the pathology of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, clinical presentation, risk stratification, current treatment approaches and toxicity of the treatment. (author)

  18. Experimental validation of the &apos;&apos;EasyTest Cell&apos;&apos; operational principle for autonomous MEA characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radev, I. [Institute of Electrochemistry and Energy Systems, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 10, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); European Commission, Directorate-General Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy, PO Box 2, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands); Topalov, G.; Slavcheva, E.; Lefterova, E. [Institute of Electrochemistry and Energy Systems, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 10, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); Tsotridis, G. [European Commission, Directorate-General Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy, PO Box 2, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands); Schnakenberg, U. [Institute of Materials in Electrical Engineering 1, RWTH-Aachen University, Sommerfeld Str. 24, D-52074 Aachen (Germany)

    2010-03-15

    The paper presents the experimental validation of the &apos;&apos;EasyTest Cell&apos;&apos; operational principle via comparative electrochemical tests on MEAs carried out in three types of electrochemical hydrogen energy conversion (EHEC) testing cells: conventional polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) and polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolyzers (PEMWE), properly equipped with all the required auxiliaries (products conditioning and supplying, reagents removal, etc.), and the simple, autonomous EasyTest Cell. Along with EasyTest Cell validation and demonstration of its advantages, the influence of argon pressure during sputtering on the electrode characteristics, including gas diffusion limitations was investigated. The electrodes under investigation were magnetron sputtered C/Ti/IrO{sub x} (IrO{sub x} loading in the range 0.12-0.4 mg cm{sup -2}), C/Ti/IrO{sub x}/Pt/IrO{sub x} (IrO{sub x} 0.08/Pt 0.06/IrO{sub x} 0.08 mg cm{sup -2}), sputtered at various argon pressure C/Ti/Pt (0.15 and 0.25 mg cm{sup -2}), and commercial ELAT electrode (V.21, Lot MB030105-1, Pt loading 0.5 mg cm{sup -2}, E-TEK). The results obtained proved the reliability, simplicity (running-periphery-free) and broadened experimental possibilities of EasyTest Cell over PEMFC and PEMWE single cell testing. Thus, significant cost reduction and resource saving in R and D laboratory can be achieved. Moreover, validation of EasyTest Cell contributes not only to testing facilitations, but potentially to standardization of MEA testing since it gives possibilities for precise control and more uniform distribution of the working parameters applied to the testing object, which are both compulsory for performance comparison and qualifying. (author)

  19. Development of new VOC exposure metrics and their relationship to &apos;&apos;Sick Building Syndrome&apos;&apos; symptoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ten Brinke, JoAnn [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1995-08-01

    Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are suspected to contribute significantly to &apos;&apos;Sick Building Syndrome&apos;&apos; (SBS), a complex of subchronic symptoms that occurs during and in general decreases away from occupancy of the building in question. A new approach takes into account individual VOC potencies, as well as the highly correlated nature of the complex VOC mixtures found indoors. The new VOC metrics are statistically significant predictors of symptom outcomes from the California Healthy Buildings Study data. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to test the hypothesis that a summary measure of the VOC mixture, other risk factors, and covariates for each worker will lead to better prediction of symptom outcome. VOC metrics based on animal irritancy measures and principal component analysis had the most influence in the prediction of eye, dermal, and nasal symptoms. After adjustment, a water-based paints and solvents source was found to be associated with dermal and eye irritation. The more typical VOC exposure metrics used in prior analyses were not useful in symptom prediction in the adjusted model (total VOC (TVOC), or sum of individually identified VOCs (ΣVOCi)). Also not useful were three other VOC metrics that took into account potency, but did not adjust for the highly correlated nature of the data set, or the presence of VOCs that were not measured. High TVOC values (2--7 mg m-3) due to the presence of liquid-process photocopiers observed in several study spaces significantly influenced symptoms. Analyses without the high TVOC values reduced, but did not eliminate the ability of the VOC exposure metric based on irritancy and principal component analysis to explain symptom outcome.

  20. Imaging characteristics of subcutaneous amyloid deposits in diabetic patients: the &apos;&apos;insulin ball&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanio, Noriko; Nozaki, Taiki; Matsusako, Masaki; Starkey, Jay [St. Luke' s International Hospital, Department of Radiology, Tokyo (Japan); Suzuki, Koyu [St. Luke' s International Hospital, Department of Pathology, Tokyo (Japan)

    2018-01-15

    The purpose of this study was to describe the imaging characteristics of subcutaneous amyloid deposits occurring at sites of insulin injection, commonly known as &apos;&apos;insulin balls,&apos;&apos; in diabetic patients on ultrasound, CT, and MRI with pathologic correlation. We retrospectively reviewed the radiographic findings of 14 lesions in 9 patients diagnosed with subcutaneous amyloid deposits at our institution between 2005-2015. Three board-certified radiologists analyzed the following: (1) the shape, size, margin, morphologic characteristics, and blood flow on US using the color Doppler signal, (2) shape, size, margin, attenuation, and presence or absence of contrast enhancement on CT, and (3) shape, size, margin, signal intensity, and presence or absence of contrast enhancement on MRI. All lesions showed ill-defined hypovascular subcutaneous nodules with irregular margins. The median diameter of lesions was 50.4 mm on US, 46.8 mm on CT, and 51.4 mm on MRI. The internal echogenicity of subcutaneous amyloid deposits was hypoechoic and heterogeneous on US. All lesions showed isodensity compared to muscle with irregular margins and minimal contrast enhancement on CT. Both T1- and T2-weighted MR images showed low signal intensity compared with subcutaneous fat. Normal diffusion and minimal contrast enhancement were seen. Subcutaneous amyloid deposits which cause insulin resistance are typically ill-defined and heterogeneous hypovascular subcutaneous nodules with irregular margins on imaging that correspond to insulin injection sites. It is also characteristic that T2WI shows low intensity compared with fat on MRI, reflective of the amyloid content. (orig.)

  1. Dor e seus fatores preditores após tratamento periodontal não cirúrgico

    OpenAIRE

    Caroline Schirmer

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: Ocorrência e intensidade de dor após tratamento periodontal não cirúrgico não tem sido largamente estudadas, bem como quais os preditores estão relacionados a dor pós-operatória. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a frequência e a intensidade de dor e seus fatores preditores após tratamento periodontal não cirúrgico. Materiais e métodos: 218 pacientes (113 mulheres, 105 homens; maioria com menos de 60 anos) com periodontite moderada, e que foram submetidos a tratamento periodonta...

  2. Tratamento de idosos com depressão utilizando tricíclicos, IMAO, ISRS e outros antidepressivos

    OpenAIRE

    Scalco,Mônica Z

    2002-01-01

    Antidepressivos são eficazes no tratamento da depressão em idosos. O sucesso do tratamento depende do tipo e da gravidade da depressão; das comorbidades com outras doenças psiquiátricas ou clínicas; da escolha adequada de antidepressivos, de sua eficácia e perfil de efeitos adversos; da orientação do paciente e de sua aderência ao tratamento. O manejo dos efeitos adversos em pacientes idosos, que usam muito mais medicações e apresentam mais doenças, é o ponto forte na escolha de antidepressiv...

  3. Escala clínica para prever a adesão ao tratamento: transtorno bipolar do humor

    OpenAIRE

    Marchi, Renato

    2008-01-01

    O Transtorno Bipolar do Humor (TBH) está associado a altas taxas de desajustes psicossociais e familiares, mortalidade e prejuízos econômicos. O tratamento visa o controle de episódios agudos e prevenção de novos episódios. As taxas de não - adesão ao tratamento são altas em TBH. Este trabalho teve por objetivo elaborar e validar uma escala de avaliação clinica , capaz de indicar a probabilidade de adesão ao tratamento medico clinico dos pacientes bipolares de ambos os gêneros. O procedimento...

  4. 3&apos;,8&apos;&apos;-biisokaempferide, a cytotoxic biflavonoid and other chemical constituents of Nanuza plicata (Velloziaceae)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinto, Meri Emili F.; Silva, Marcelo Sobral da; Barbosa Filho, Jose Maria; Castello-Branco, Marianna Vieira S.; Agra, Maria de Fatima; Tavares, Josean Fechine, E-mail: marcelosobral@ltf.ufpb.b [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil). Lab. de Tecnologia Farmaceutica; Schindler, Elisabete; El-Bacha, Ramon dos Santos [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias da Saude. Lab. de Neuroquimica e Biologia Celular

    2010-07-01

    A novel biflavonoid, named 3&apos;,8&apos;&apos;-biisokaempferide (1), along with the known compounds amentoflavone (2), patagonic acid (3), (4aR,5S,6R,8aR)-5-[2-(2,5-Dihydro-5-methoxy-2-oxofuran- 3-yl)ethyl]-3,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-5,6,8a- trimethylnaphthalene-1-carboxylic acid (4), 5-caffeoylquinic acid methyl ester (5), 3,5-di-caffeoylquinic acid (6) and luteolin (7), were isolated of the leaves from Nanuza plicata. The compounds 3, 4, 5 and 6 are reported for the first time in Velloziaceae. The structures of the compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, especially NMR and MS analyses. The cytotoxicity of 3&apos;,8&apos;&apos;-biisokaempferide was studied in cultures of human glioblastoma GL-15 cells. The effective concentration, which killed 50 % of cells after 72 h was 36.5 {mu}mol L{sup -1}. Changes in cellular morphology, including retraction and degradation of cytoplasm, were observed when cells were treated with concentrations from 20 {mu}mol L-1 of 3&apos;,8&apos;&apos;-biisokaempferide for 72 h. (author)

  5. Analysis of &apos;&apos;new physics&apos;&apos; in the flavor sector using effective field theory methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dassinger, Benjamin M.

    2010-02-05

    The enormous amount of data collected by the B factories as well as the perspective concerning the upcoming experiments at the LHC provide us with the opportunity to perform high precision tests of the standard model. This dissertation presents two model independent precision tests of the weak sector of the standard model using extensions of the weak currents which are set up using effective field theory methods in order to control the size of the different contributions. Constraints on the coefficients of the terms can then be obtained by comparison with experimental results. The first analysis incorporates a test of the lefthandedness of the weak interaction in the quark sector. By introducing additional weak couplings the differential and total decay rates of the inclusive semileptonic decay anti B {yields} X{sub c}l anti {nu}{sub l} are calculated. The calculation includes the computation of the heavy-quark expansion which describes the interaction of the decaying b quark with respect to the background field of the B meson, up to order 1/m{sub b}{sup 4}. This has been done in a new, systematic way which does not involve the calculation of gluon matrix elements. Furthermore, radiative corrections have been included up to order O({alpha}{sub s}) including renormalization group running. The second part deals with the introduction of lepton flavor violating operators in the context of leptonic {tau} decays. These operators give rise to the effective four-fermion vertex {tau}{yields}ll{sup &apos;}l'&apos; as well as the subsequent radiative decay {tau}{yields}l{gamma}{sup *}{yields}ll{sup &apos;+}l{sup &apos;-}. The resulting Dalitz distributions turn out to predict completely different signatures for the radiative and the effective four-fermion vertices and provide the opportunity to check, whether the decay is induced either by a radiative or by an effective four-fermion vertex. Since different models which contain lepton flavor violation are normally more

  6. ANDRA&apos;s news; L&apos;actualite de l&apos;Andra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This press kit presents the three missions of the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) and the main highlights of these three missions for the second half of 2003: 1 - industrial mission: the very low radioactive waste disposal facility of Morvilliers (543 m{sup 3} of waste packages already stored), the Aube disposal facility (exploitation data), the Manche disposal facility (adaptation to new monitoring standards); 2 - the research mission: the Meuse/Haute-Marne laboratory (progress of works and experimental program), the mobilization of competences (international expertise of ANDRA&apos;s researches about deep underground disposal, the coordination of the European program ESDRED); 3 - the information mission: national inventory of radioactive wastes, publications and events, recall of ANDRA&apos;s missions. (J.S.)

  7. VDE/ITG position paper energy information networks and systems. Pt. A. &apos;&apos;Distribution grid automation in the smart grid&apos;&apos;; VDE/ITG-Positionspapier Energieinformationsnetze und -systeme. T. A. &apos;&apos;Verteilungsnetzautomatisierung im Smart Grid&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huebner, Christian [ifak e.V., Magdeburg (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    The present paper reports results of the VDE / ITG focus group &apos;&apos;Energy Information Networks and Systems&apos;&apos; that published its second position paper in autumn 2012. The focus was on the issue of distribution automation, since the successful implementation of a smart energy system can be achieved only on the basis of a profound automation of distribution networks and other systems of energy supply interacting with them. With the participation of experts from the fields of energy supply, telecommunications, IT and automation technology, various aspects of distribution automation in the context of smart grid were analyzed and appropriate recommendations derived. The results are summarized in Part A &apos;&apos;Distribution Automation in Smart Grid&apos;&apos; of the position paper. (orig.)

  8. The Palestinian Authority and &apos;Climate Change&apos; as an Emergent Public Problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fustec, Klervi

    2014-01-01

    &apos;Climate change&apos; is an oft avowed environmental priority among cooperation and development actors. The Palestinian Territories, for their part, are one of the largest recipients of international aid. To the degree that the UNPD has played a role in promoting the question of &apos;climate change&apos;, the dependence of the Palestinian Authority on international aid has contributed to framing this emergent public problem; its construction is anchored in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the Palestinian state&apos;s demand for recognition at the international level. In the international arenas dedicated to &apos;climate change&apos;, what&apos;s more, the Palestinian Authority discusses this question in terms of political and climatic injustice. Two questions thus merit study: what effect does the construction of the climate problem have on the Palestinian Authority and, conversely, what effect does the Palestinian Authority have on the construction of the climate problem?

  9. &apos;Grands Fonds Marins&apos;, the French program of deep offshore petroleum research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naudin, Y.

    1978-01-01

    &apos;&apos;Grands Fonds Marins&apos;&apos;, the French program of deep offshore petroleum research, which has been conducted jointly by Compagnie Francaise des Petroles (CRFP), Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine, and the Institut Francais du Petrole since 1973, include research, development, and testing of techniques for drilling, production, and pipeline transport of oil at depths over 300 m. The pipelaying studies discussed include the testing of the RAT method and the &apos;'J-curve'&apos; method of pipelaying, the new welding techniques now under study, i.e., welding under atmospheric pressure (the WELDAP method) applicable at up to about 1000 m depths, and hyperbaric welding. According to CFP, the minimum rate of economical production at 1000 m depths will be 5000 bbl/day, and the investment and operating costs required will be $200 million to $600 million, and $25 million to $50 million, respectively, depending on the depth.

  10. What does &apos;nuclear power village&apos; represent in the newspaper articles?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takenaka, I.; Kimura, H.

    2014-01-01

    Since the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster in 2011, we have often heard the word &apos;Nuclear Power Village (Genshiryoku-Mura in Japanese)&apos; in Japan. &apos;Nuclear Power Village&apos; is used for the Japanese community related to nuclear power generation. In this paper, we analysed Japanese newspapers and clarified usages of &apos;Nuclear Power Village&apos;. As a result, we found there are two images of &apos;Nuclear Power Village&apos;. One image has a common purpose of the promotion of nuclear power. Another image has a common purpose of acquiring gain. We also clarified the characteristics of the images such as interdependence, closed community and so on. (author)

  11. Lung inflammation and genotoxicity following pulmonary exposure to nanoparticles in ApoE-/- mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raun Jacobsen, Nicklas; Møller, Peter; Alstrup Jensen, Keld

    2009-01-01

    instillation in ApoE-/- and C57 mice. Three and 24 h after pulmonary exposure, inflammation was assessed by mRNA levels of cytokines in lung tissue, cell composition, genotoxicity, protein and lactate dehydrogenase activity in broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. Results: Firstly, we found that intratracheal...... instillation of CB caused far more pulmonary toxicity in ApoE-/- mice than in C57 mice. Secondly, we showed that instillation of CB was more toxic than inhalation of a presumed similar dose with respect to inflammation in the lungs of ApoE(-/-) mice. Thirdly, we compared effects of instillation in ApoE-/- mice...... and Mcp-1 mRNA were detected in lung tissue, 3 h and 24 h following instillation of SWCNT, CB and QDs. DNA damage in BAL cells, the fraction of neutrophils in BAL cells and protein in BAL fluid increased statistically significantly. Gold and C-60 particles caused much weaker inflammatory responses...

  12. Microquimerismo natural ¿Existen humanos con varios genomas?

    OpenAIRE

    José Luis Quirós Alpízar; Isabel Cristina Arce Jiménez

    2010-01-01

    El microquimerismo humano se define como la presencia dentro de un individuo de una pequeña población de células originadas en un individuo genéticamente distinto. El microquimerismo adquirido de forma natural se desarrolla a lo largo del embarazo, como una consecuencia del ampliamente demostrado tráfico bidireccional transplacentario de células. Esta trasferencia resulta en un estado microquimérico a décadas posparto, tanto para la madre (microquimerismo fetal) como para su progenie (microqu...

  13. Large scale road network generalization for vario-scale map

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suba, R.; Meijers, B.M.; Van Oosterom, P.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    The classical approach for road network generalization consists of producing multiple maps, for a different scale or purpose, from a single detailed data source and quite often roads are represented by line objects. Our target is the generalization of a road network for the whole scale range from

  14. Comment on Theory of impure superconductors: Anderson versus Abrikosov and Gor&apos;kov'&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abrikosov, A.A. (Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)); Gor' kov, L.P. (National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States) L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation))

    1994-05-01

    A response is given to a criticism in a paper by Kim and Overhauser of an earlier work by Abrikosov and Gor&apos;kov on superconductors with impurities. The criticism is based on a primitive misunderstanding of the nature of the attraction of electrons achieved by phonons. As it was explained by the present authors in several publications, there exists a complete equivalence of their results with the later work by Anderson.

  15. Bookshelf (John R. Huizenga, &apos;Cold Fusion: the Scientific Fiasco of the Century&apos;)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morrison, Douglas R.O.

    1994-01-01

    &apos;&apos;Cold fusion is dead, isn&apos;t it?&apos;&apos; is a question I am often asked. The reply is a strange one, &apos;&apos;Yes, scientifically it is dead, but not from a media point of view or from funding&apos;&apos; In 1989 two electrochemists, Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons, claimed sustained nuclear fusion had been achieved in a test-tube with a palladium cathode and deuterium, observing excess heat, neutrons and tritium. A series of encouraging confirmations and successively greater excess heat claims were seized on by the world&apos;s media. The US Government set up a panel of some 20 world-class scientists from several disciplines under John Huizenga, distinguished professor of Chemistry and Physics at the University of Rochester. They concluded that there was no present evidence for the discovery of a new nuclear process termed cold fusion. It might be thought that would end cold fusion, but for interesting reasons, it did not entirely. John Huizenga has written a book describing the curious claims and evidence for cold fusion and has given an excellent explanation of the science involved. This was published as a hardback book of 236 pages, telling the story up to the end of June 1990. Again one might think it was the end of the cold fusion story. Now he has written about what happened in the next two years in a paperback book which contains an epilogue of 51 pages. If you thought the first year was extraordinary, the next two years described in the new edition were even more incredible! In the main part of the book, the basic science is simply and clearly explained. The number of &apos;'miracles'&apos; required for each results or theory is described - a &apos;'miracle'&apos; is a gross violation of previous knowledge and experimental results such as energy conservation. Thus some theories are classified as &apos;&apos;triple miracles&apos;&apos;. It might be thought that people who claimed to have observed cold fusion

  16. Green economy. From theory to practice; &apos;Green Economy&apos;. Von der Theorie zur Praxis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wackerbauer, Johann [ifo Institut, Muenchen (Germany)

    2013-04-15

    The topic of &apos;&apos;green economy&apos;&apos; took centre stage at last year&apos;s UN conference on sustainable development in Rio de Janeiro. The term &apos;&apos;green economy&apos;&apos; has many interpretations to it, ranging from an emphasis on energy and resource efficiency in an otherwise ordinary economy to positions that are critical of growth as such. What can be considered as the essence of the concept of green economy, and what challenges need to be mastered on the way there? The present study shows that there is more to the term than most companies and consumers are aware of.

  17. Eficiência de lagoas de polimento no pós-tratamento de reator UASB no tratamento de águas residuárias de suinocultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.C.A. Pinto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o desempenho de um sistema de lagoas seriadas que recebeu efluentes de reator UASB, no tratamento de águas residuárias de suinocultura. O sistema foi composto de reator anaeróbio de chicanas (RAC, reator UASB, em escala real, e uma série de lagoas (uma lagoa facultativa e três de maturação, em escala piloto. As análises físico-químicas realizadas foram: pH, demanda bioquímica de oxigênio (DBO, demanda química de oxigênio (DQO, sólidos suspensos totais (SST, sólidos suspensos voláteis (SSV, nitrogênio amoniacal (N-am., fósforo total (Pt, coliformes totais (CT e Escherichia coli (EC. As lagoas de pós-tratamento contribuíram eficientemente para remoção de nutrientes, matéria orgânica e sólidos, fornecendo um efluente com qualidade para o reuso agrícola ou lançamento em corpos d'água.

  18. The concept &apos;environment&apos; in exergy analysis Some special cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serova, E.N.; Brodianski, V.M

    2004-12-01

    The concept &apos;environment&apos; is of considerable importance in present-day engineering thermodynamics. Introduction of this concept in operation brings not only simplification of the methods of solving classical thermodynamic problems, but also gives the exergy method which forms the major new part of thermodynamics, including some parts of biology, economics and other fields of science. But practice shows that it is necessary to define the concept &apos;environment&apos; more precisely in some cases.

  19. Why Was Kelvin&apos;s Estimate of the Earth&apos;s Age Wrong?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovatt, Ian; Syed, M. Qasim

    2014-01-01

    This is a companion to our previous paper in which we give a published example, based primarily on Perry&apos;s work, of a graph of ln "y" versus "t" when "y" is an exponential function of "t". This work led us to the idea that Lord Kelvin&apos;s (William Thomson&apos;s) estimate of the Earth&apos;s age was…

  20. Maglev technology - results and conclusions of Maglev&apos;2006; Magnetschwebetechnologie - Ergebnisse und Erkenntnisse von der MAGLEV&apos;2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schach, R.; Naumann, R. [Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany). Inst. fuer Baubetriebswesen

    2007-04-15

    From 13 to 15 September 2006, Germany acted as host for &apos;Maglev &apos;2006&apos; under the patronage of the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS). This event also integrated the Dresden &apos;Fachtagung Transrapid&apos;, a specialist conference, which the Dresden University of Technology has now organized for the sixth time. (orig.)

  1. Oficinas de espiritualidade: alternativa de cuidado para o tratamento integral de dependentes químicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirce Stein Backes

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um relato de experiência vivenciada com usuários de crack sob tratamento de desintoxicação, na qual se buscou alcançar o cuidado integral ao ser humano por meio de oficinas de espiritualidade. Cultivadas e dinamizadas a partir de inspirações dos próprios integrantes, as oficinas se constituem em estratégias capazes de estimular o repensar de atitudes e comportamentos, bem como reassumir a vida com base em novos valores e ideais. O relato visa, em suma, contribuir para a ampliação das discussões sobre o tema, oferecendo subsídios para o repensar da prática do enfermeiro no tratamento de desintoxicação, além de assinalar a necessidade de condução de pesquisas nessa área.

  2. Comportamento da eosinofilia após o tratamento das geohelmintoses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Maria Bozóti

    1973-04-01

    Full Text Available A eosinofilia sanguínea após o tratamento anti-helmíntico específico se comportou numa amostragem de 57 crianças da seguinte forma: .Na ascaridíase isolada ou associada à trieuríase a hipereosinofilia parasitária ou descia uniformemente após o tratamento, ou houve primeiro uma exacerbação que durava até a terceira semana após a erradicação da, parasitose, descendo em seguida. Em ambos os casos houve normalização do hemograma em dois meses. Na associação ascaridíase/ancilostomíase também são possíveis dois tipos de comportamento da eosinofilia após tratamento eficaz: ou vai diminuindo a hipereosinofilia, logo em seguida à expulsão dos parasitos, ou há no primeiro mês um aumento da hipereosinofilia (geralmente mais acentuado na primeira semana que se segue ao tratamento, para diminuir após o fim do primeiro mês progressivamente até desaparecer. Na estrongiloidíase e na associação ascaridíase/estrongiloidíase há diminuição constante da hipereosinofilia logo após o tratamento e o hemograma se normaliza em cerca de dois meses. Na trieuríase, a hipereosinofilia, aliás já discreta, diminui pouco com o tratamento. Na ancilostomíase e na associação ancilostomíase/trieuríase a hipereosinofilia ou desce após o tratamento gradativo e lentamente, ou primeiro há uma exaltação temporária nas primeiras três semanas após a terapêutica, para diminuir em seguida. Na associação ancilostomíase/estrongiloidíase também se encontram esses dois tipos de comportamento da hipereosinofilia verminótica, mas a exacerbação da hipereosinofilia, que ocorre na metade dos casos, só dura duas semanas; a regressão eosinofílica ocorre dois meses após o tratamento. Nas tri e tetraeparasitoses a involução pós-terapêutica da hipereosinofilia é irregular e a normalização das taxas sanguíneas de eosinófilos é sempre arrastada, principalmente nas associações ascaridíase/estrongiloidíase/ancilostomíase e

  3. Tratamento das escaras de decúbito com própolis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivete Borsaro Soares de Azevedo

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho, as autoras avaliam o uso do método natural da Própolis concentrada a 3% (resina das plantas colhidas pelas abelhas passada pelo processo de digestão das mesmas liberando assim inúmeras enzimas enriquecendo o produto, em tratamento das escaras de decúbito. O trabalho consiste em: a Preparar as escaras de decúbito para que, em tempo mais reduzido, sejam feitas as correções cirúrgicas e/ou curá-las em definitivo; b Avaliar o poder bactericida e bacteriostatico da Própolis. Deve-se ressaltar que o medicamento ativou consideravelmente a regeneração dos tecidos, reduzindo o tempo e o custo usuais para tratamento clássico das escaras de decúbito.

  4. Comportamento da eosinofilia após o tratamento das geohelmintoses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Maria Bozóti

    1973-04-01

    Full Text Available A eosinofilia sanguínea após o tratamento anti-helmíntico específico se comportou numa amostragem de 57 crianças da seguinte forma: .Na ascaridíase isolada ou associada à trieuríase a hipereosinofilia parasitária ou descia uniformemente após o tratamento, ou houve primeiro uma exacerbação que durava até a terceira semana após a erradicação da, parasitose, descendo em seguida. Em ambos os casos houve normalização do hemograma em dois meses. Na associação ascaridíase/ancilostomíase também são possíveis dois tipos de comportamento da eosinofilia após tratamento eficaz: ou vai diminuindo a hipereosinofilia, logo em seguida à expulsão dos parasitos, ou há no primeiro mês um aumento da hipereosinofilia (geralmente mais acentuado na primeira semana que se segue ao tratamento, para diminuir após o fim do primeiro mês progressivamente até desaparecer. Na estrongiloidíase e na associação ascaridíase/estrongiloidíase há diminuição constante da hipereosinofilia logo após o tratamento e o hemograma se normaliza em cerca de dois meses. Na trieuríase, a hipereosinofilia, aliás já discreta, diminui pouco com o tratamento. Na ancilostomíase e na associação ancilostomíase/trieuríase a hipereosinofilia ou desce após o tratamento gradativo e lentamente, ou primeiro há uma exaltação temporária nas primeiras três semanas após a terapêutica, para diminuir em seguida. Na associação ancilostomíase/estrongiloidíase também se encontram esses dois tipos de comportamento da hipereosinofilia verminótica, mas a exacerbação da hipereosinofilia, que ocorre na metade dos casos, só dura duas semanas; a regressão eosinofílica ocorre dois meses após o tratamento. Nas tri e tetraeparasitoses a involução pós-terapêutica da hipereosinofilia é irregular e a normalização das taxas sanguíneas de eosinófilos é sempre arrastada, principalmente nas associações ascaridíase/estrongiloidíase/ancilostomíase e

  5. Psicoterapia interpessoal no tratamento da perturbação depressiva maior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Oliveira Lucas

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A terapia interpessoal é um modelo de terapia breve formulado para o tratamento da perturbação depressiva maior, tendo como precursores Gerald Klerman e Mirna Weissman. Esta visa o alívio dos sintomas associados à depressão abordando os problemas interpessoais que os originaram e perpetuam. Esta modalidade de terapia refere as perturbações como resultantes da existência de problemas numa das quatro áreas interpessoais principais: luto, transição de papéis, disputas de papéis interpessoais e défices interpessoais. Deste modo, a terapia incidirá na área afectada. Esta demonstra bons indicadores de eficácia e apesar de formulada para o tratamento da depressão, a terapia interpessoal tem sido adaptada e expandida a outras perturbações.

  6. Uso de ganciclovir 0,15% gel para tratamento de ceratoconjuntivite adenoviral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Tiemi Yabiku

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Determinar a efetividade e a toxicidade do ganciclovir 0,15% gel no tratamento de ceratoconjuntivites adenovirais e na prevenção de complicações tais como infiltrados corneanos, membranas ou pseudomembranas conjuntivais. MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico duplo-cego, intervencionista, randomizado. Os 33 pacientes com diagnóstico clínico de ceratoconjuntivite adenoviral com início dos sintomas há menos de cinco dias foram randomizados em dois grupos: Grupo 1 (tratamento com 19 pacientes que usaram ganciclovir e Grupo 2 (controle com 14 pacientes que usaram lágrima artificial sem conservante. Todos pacientes responderam a um questionário de sinais e sintomas e foram submetidos a um exame oftalmológico. No 6º dia de tratamento responderam ao mesmo questionário por telefone e no 10º dia foram reavaliados pelo mesmo examinador e responderam novamente ao questionário. Os sinais e sintomas foram comparados. Para análise estatística foi utilizado os testes T de Student, Mann-Whitney e Wilcoxon, com significância estatística p<0,05. RESULTADOS: Tendência de melhor resposta no grupo tratamento em relação à percepção pelos pacientes, além da melhora mais rápida desse grupo em relação ao grupo controle (p=0,26. Houve menor transmissão para o olho adelfo (p=0,86 e para pessoas do convívio (p=0,16 no grupo tratamento. Comparando os dois grupos não houve diferença estatística em relação aos sintomas e sinais da conjuntivite. Comparando isoladamente cada grupo entre o pré-tratamento e no decorrer do tratamento, observou-se melhora estatisticamente significativa da dor, prurido e fotofobia apenas no grupo tratamento. Ganciclovir não mostrou toxicidade e teve maior tolerância pelos pacientes. Não houve diferença significativa no aparecimento de complicações da conjuntivite entre os dois grupos. CONCLUSÕES: O estudo evidenciou uma tendência à melhora mais rápida dos sinais e sintomas dos pacientes tratados com

  7. Os objetos e o tratamento da criança autista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariana Lucero

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é refletir sobre o uso dos objetos na direção de tratamento psicanalítico da criança autista. Primeiramente, teceremos algumas considerações a respeito da importância do objeto na constituição subjetiva, a partir da oposição freudiana entre os princípios de prazer e de realidade. A seguir, retomaremos as considerações de Frances Tustin sobre o objeto autístico e o caso Joey, de Bruno Bettelheim, para exemplificarmos como autores clássicos da psicanálise teorizaram sobre o objeto no tratamento. Por fim, discutiremos com autores contemporâneos a importância de uma retomada da noção de objeto no âmbito da teoria e da prática psicanalíticas.

  8. Tratamento cirúrgico da siringomielia pela Técnica de Gardner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto M. Almeida

    1973-12-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento cirúrgico da siringomielia é, em geral, considerado decepcionante. Vários tipos de drenagem da cavidade siringomiélica não têm fornecido resultados satisfatórios. Gardner, em magnífica série de trabalhos, mostrou que a siringomielia e as várias malformações associadas à hidrocefalia têm fisiopatogenia única. Baseado em sua teoria, Gardner propôs, em 1958, o bloqueio da comunicação entre o IV ventrículo e o canal central da medula, para o tratamento da siringomielia. Esta técnica não tem sido realizada com muita freqüência. Empregamos o método proposto por Gardner em 4 pacientes, os quais melhoraram após a intervenção cirúrgica.

  9. Air conditioning of museum buildings. &apos;Tempering&apos; - not an efficient solution; Museen als Opfer? Kaum Argumente fuer die &apos;Temperierung&apos; als Heizungsloesung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trogisch, A.

    2002-02-01

    The contribution shows why the recently favoured concept of &apos;tempering&apos; of museum buildings is wrong and presents arguments to this effect. [German] In den letzten Jahren werden Heizungsplaner durch eine gezielte Argumentation des Propagandisten der &apos;Temperierung&apos; bei Bauherren, insbesondere im musealen Bereich und beim Denkmalschutz, mit dieser Loesung zur Beheizung konfrontiert. Es ist fuer den Heizungsplaner im Allgemeinen schwer, plausibel und allgemein verstaendlich fuer den Nutzer und Bauherrn dieser Argumentation zu entgegnen. Die folgenden Gesichtspunkte sollten deshalb bei der Diskussion Beruecksichtigung finden. (orig.)

  10. VERAView User&apos;s Guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Godfrey, Andrew T.; Lee, Ronald W.

    2016-01-01

    VERAView has been developed as an interactive graphical interface for the visualization and engineering analyses of output data from VERA. The python-based software is easy to install and intuitive to use, and provides instantaneous 2D and 3D images, 1D plots, and alpha-numeric data from VERA multi-physics simulations. This document provides a brief overview of the software and some description of the major features of the application, including examples of each of the encapsulated &apos;'widgets'&apos; that have been implemented thus far. VERAView is still under major development and large changes in the software and this document are still anticipated.

  11. Power supply - HVDC and facts make it sustainable and secure; Stromversorgung - nachhaltig und sicher mit HGUeund Facts. Grid Access fuer &apos;&apos;gruene Energie&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uecker, Karl; Retzmann, Dietmar [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany). HVDC/Facts Sales and Marketing; Schultze, Alberto [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany). Abt. Grid Access and Industry

    2010-09-06

    Due to the global climate change, the power industry has a lot of changes in store. For reasons of environmental protection, the reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions in power generation and loss minimization in power transmission are of particular importance. This means that the share of wind power in a lot of countries, Germany among them, must be as high as possible, for the other &apos;'green'&apos; energy resources, such as hydro or solar power, play only a subordinate part for reasons of their geographical location. Along with sustainability and efficiency of power supply, grid security must be taken into account as well. (orig.)

  12. The &apos;&apos;Cobalt 60 Case&apos;&apos; in Taiwan. Conclusions; Das Kobalt-60 Ereignis von Taiwan. Und was ist daraus zu schliessen?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niemann, Lutz

    2017-08-15

    The &apos;&apos;Cobalt 60 Case&apos;&apos; in Taiwan gives an opportunity for check of the thesis of radiation hormesis. Apartment residents have been exposed to cobalt-60 contaminated steel buildings. The results of a study strongly suggest that whole-body chronic irradiation, in the dose rate range that the apartment residents received, caused no symptomatic adverse health effects, such as radiation sickness, or the increased cancer or increased congenital disease that are predicted by ICRP theories. On the contrary, those who were exposed had lower incidences of cancer mortality and congenital malformations.

  13. OJT. make &apos;em or break &apos;em

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arner, S.A.

    1992-01-01

    On-the-job training (OJT) has been with us in varying forms for longer than perhaps any other type of training. In reality, OJT is a process for accomplishing change; change in an employee&apos;s ability to perform assigned job duties. However, bringing about that change can often be a difficult process. A clear understanding of what change really is and what it entails is essential to easing its process. this document discusses the methodology in OJT and emphasizes the importance of communications in this process.

  14. Master&apos;s Degree Learners&apos; Use of Theory in Designing Instructional Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojtecki, John A.

    2012-01-01

    Educational institutions offering a master&apos;s degree program in instructional design incorporate instructional design theory into the master&apos;s degree course offerings. The responsibility for the student is to develop coursework. Master&apos;s degree learners will use instructional design theory to develop course materials. This study…

  15. Individual Differences in Children&apos;s and Parents&apos; Generic Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelman, Susan A.; Ware, Elizabeth A.; Kleinberg, Felicia; Manczak, Erika M.; Stilwell, Sarah M.

    2014-01-01

    Generics ("&apos;Dogs&apos; bark") convey important information about categories and facilitate children&apos;s learning. Two studies with parents and their 2- or 4-year-old children (N = 104 dyads) examined whether individual differences in generic language use are as follows: (a) stable over time, contexts, and domains, and (b) linked…

  16. James Baldwin&apos;s "Everybody&apos;s Protest Novel": Educating Our Responses to Racism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Jeff

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to establish--and explore--James Baldwin&apos;s significance for educational theory. Through a close reading of "Everybody&apos;s Protest Novel", I show that Baldwin&apos;s thinking is an important (if unrecognized) precursor to the work of Stanley Cavell and Cora Diamond, and is relevant to a number of…

  17. On the Relations between Parents&apos; Ideals and Children&apos;s Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Ruyter, Doret J.; Schinkel, Anders

    2013-01-01

    In this article Doret J. de Ruyter and Anders Schinkel argue that parents&apos; ideals can enhance children&apos;s autonomy, but that they may also have a detrimental effect on the development of children&apos;s autonomy. After describing the concept of "ideals" and elucidating a systems theoretical conception of autonomy, de Ruyter and…

  18. Teaching Laura Kipnis&apos;s "Love&apos;s Labors" in "Ways of Reading"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fike, Matthew A.

    2013-01-01

    This essay describes a method of teaching a very challenging anthology piece: Laura Kipnis&apos;s "Love&apos;s Labors" (chapter 1 of her 2003 "Against Love: A Polemic"). The method, although designed for a critical thinking course, should also provide resources for those who teach Kipnis&apos;s work in writing courses. Using…

  19. Tratamento profilático da asma Prophylactic treatment of asthma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Augusto Rubim de Moura

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: rever os conceitos básicos, os princípios da terapia inalatória, as formas de apresentação da asma e seu tratamento, e as particularidades da assistência ao asmático nos países em via de desenvolvimento. Fontes dos dados: a revisão bibliográfica fundamentou-se em pesquisa direta e nas bases de dados Medline, HighWire e MD Consult. Síntese dos dados: a pesquisa científica fornece evidências amplamente consagradas sobre os planos de tratamento para a asma e, na atualidade, elege a corticoterapia inalatória como tratamento de primeira linha. Alternativamente, outras classes de medicamentos, tais como os beta-agonistas de ação duradoura e os antileucotrienos podem ser considerados. Conclusões: no nível individual, o tratamento da asma está satisfatoriamente equacionado; entretanto, percebe-se que o grande desafio colocado para os profissionais e autoridades de saúde, reside na disponibilização e no acesso das drogas que compõem estes planos terapêuticos pelas populações de baixa renda.Objective: to review basic concepts, inhalation therapy, classification of asthma and peculiarities of asthma in developing countries. Sources: direct search in the Medline, HighWire and MD Consult databases. Summary of the findings: inhaled corticosteroids are the drugs of choice for the treatment of asthma. Alternatively, other drugs, such as long-acting beta-agonists and antileukotrienes could be considered. Conclusions: at an individual level, asthma treatment presents a satisfactory outcome. However, the great challenge for public health professionals and authorities is to provide treatment for asthmatic patients from low-income families living in developing countries.

  20. Paralisia de Bell: fisiopatologia e tratamento = Bell’s palsy: physiopathology and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Falavigna, Asdrubal

    2008-01-01

    Conclusões: a fisiopatologia da paralisia de Bell ainda permanece não bem esclarecida, embora tenha sido demonstrada associação com a presença do vírus Herpes simplex. O seu tratamento permanece controverso, no entanto recentes ensaios clínicos bem conduzidos confirmam o benefício dos corticosteróides

  1. Ensaio terapêutico no tratamento de parasitoses intestinais com mebendazole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Dias Aires

    1979-11-01

    Full Text Available Use of Mebendazole (parasiticide in the treatment of intestinal parasitoses, experimented in carrier of several dermatosis. This is the result of research carried out involving patients, in a period of 12 months, in the city of Londrina. O uso de Mebendazole no tratamento de parasitoses intestinais, experimentado em portadores de dermatoses diversas. Resultado da pesiqusa feita em pacientes, num período de 12 meses, na cidade de Londrina

  2. Efeito de diferentes tratamentos químicos em cama para aves de corte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Lucca

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do experimento foi avaliar diferentes tratamentos químicos em cama aviária para frango de corte. Foram 2 utilizadas 500 aves, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com cinco tratamentos: Hidróxido de cálcio (500g/m ; Sulfato de Alumínio (500g/m ; Sulfato de cálcio (1000g/m ; Sulfato de cálcio 48% + Filosilicato Expandido 28% (500g/m e testemunha com quatro repetições. As amostras de cama aviária foram coletadas a cada sete dias para determinação do pH, umidade e contagem bacteriana nos meios de cultura Ágar MacConkey, Plate Count Agar (PCA. O peso das aves não se diferenciaram estatisticamente aos 42 dias, porém se observou significância na mortalidade e a conversão alimentar, entretanto em relação ao pH da cama o ideal seria após o término da segunda semana fazer nova aplicação dos produtos químicos. Todos os tratamentos foram eficazes quanto à umidade. Na contagem bacteriana com o meio PCA para mesófilas totais houve redução do desenvolvimento bacteriano, porém com o meio Ágar MacConkey para Enterobactérias totais somente o tratamento a base de Sulfato de cálcio (48% + Filosilicato expandido (28% se mostrou significativo (P < 0,05. Para a análise estatística utilizou-se sistema SISVAR (Sistema de Analise Estatístico e Planejamento de Sistemas, 2006.

  3. Necessidades básicas das esposas de pacientes infartados na fase aguda do tratamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edna Ikumi Umebayashi Takahashi

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo exploratório que teve por finalidade as necessidades básicas das esposas de pacientes infartados, na fase aguda do tratamento. Foi utlizado como referencial para análise os conceitos de Nacessidades Básicas de MASLOW. Os resultados permitiram identificar como principais necessidades afetadas das esposas: segurança, amor e gregária, estima.

  4. NECESSIDADES BÁSICAS DAS ESPOSAS DE PACIENTES INFARTADOS, NA FASE AGUDA DO TRATAMENTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edna Ikumi Umebayashi Takahashi

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo exploratório que teve por finalidade identificar as necessidades básicas das esposas de pacientes infartados, na fase aguda do tratamento. Foi utilizado como referencial para análise os conceitos de Necessidades Básicas de Maslow. Os resultados permitiram identificar como principais necessidades afetadas das esposas: segurança, amor e gregária, estima.

  5. Necessidades básicas das esposas de pacientes infartados na fase aguda do tratamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edna Ikumi Umebayashi Takahashi

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo exploratório que teve por finalidade as necessidades básicas das esposas de pacientes infartados, na fase aguda do tratamento. Foi utlizado como referencial para análise os conceitos de Nacessidades Básicas de MASLOW. Os resultados permitiram identificar como principais necessidades afetadas das esposas: segurança, amor e gregária, estima.

  6. Influência do tratamento de superfície na resistência adesiva

    OpenAIRE

    Cardoso, Paula C.; Colle, Ana Elise R.; Baratieri, Luiz Narciso; Monteiro Junior, Sylvio

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar in vitro a resistência adesiva de reparos em compósitos, utilizando diferentes tratamentos de superfície. Quarenta corpos de prova de resina composta (Filtek Supreme, 3M-Espe) foram envelhecidos artificialmente e divididos em quatro grupos (n=10): Grupo 1 (controle) - resina composta+ sistema adesivo + resina composta; Grupo 2 – resina composta + ranhuras com ponta diamantada grossa (nº 2135 – KG Sorensen) + sistema ad...

  7. Divertículo faringoesofagiano: avaliação dos resultados do tratamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Aparecida Coelho de Arruda Henry

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a evolução pós-operatória de pacientes com divertículo faringoesofagiano submetidos aos tratamentos cirúrgico e endoscópico. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados de maneira retrospectiva 36 pacientes com divertículo faringo-esofagiano atendidos no Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu - UNESP. Os pacientes foram distribuídos em dois grupos, na dependência do tratamento: grupo 1 (n=24 - diverticulectomia associada á miotomia do cricofaríngeo, através de cervicotomia esquerda; grupo 2 (n=12 - diverticulostomia endoscópica usando grampeador linear. RESULTADOS: A mortalidade operatória foi nula em ambos os grupos. Complicações precoces: grupo 1 - dois pacientes desenvolveram fistula cervical e outros dois, rouquidão; grupo 2 - sem complicações. Complicações tardias: grupo 1 - sem complicações: grupo 2: recidiva da disfagia em quatro pacientes (p=0,01. O seguimento médio foi 33 meses para o grupo 1 e 28 meses para o grupo 2. CONCLUSÃO: Os dois procedimentos foram eficazes na remissão da disfagia. O tratamento cirúrgico apresentou superioridade em relação ao endoscópico, com resolução da disfagia com um único procedimento. O tratamento endoscópico deve ser reservado para os mais idosos e portadores de comorbidades.

  8. Tratamento da miíase humana cavitária com ivermectina oral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ribeiro Fernando A. Q.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Miíase humana é uma ocorrência relativamente comum e, no mínimo, constrangedora, quer seja para os pacientes ou para o médico que o atende. É bem mais freqüente nos países subdesenvolvidos e tropicais, mas há casos descritos em todas as regiões do Planeta. Normalmente, afeta pacientes doentes, idosos e deficientes mentais, mas pode ocorrer em pacientes tróficos e saudáveis. As larvas depositam seus ovos em tecidos doentes e necróticos, mas podem fazê-lo em zonas do corpo aparentemente sãs. Seu tratamento consiste na catação das larvas, um processo desagradável e doloroso, muitas vezes impossÍvel em regiões cavitárias. Alguns produtos foram usados no sentido de facilitar esse procedimento, sem grandes resultados. Forma de estudo: Prospectivo randomizado. Método: Neste trabalho, foi feito, em sete pacientes, o tratamento da miíase cavitária humana com ivermectina oral (até 300 µg/kg, medicamento já usado para o tratamento de outras doenças. Os pacientes foram submetidos a provas de função hepática e renal pré e pós-tratamento, e acompanhados clinicamente. Resultados: Todos os pacientes tiveram as larvas eliminadas; e nenhuma anormalidade, nos exames.

  9. A influência do laboratório no tratamento da ceratite infecciosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Pelinsari Lana

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a resposta terapêutica das ceratites infecciosas e sua correlação com o resultado laboratorial. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 62 casos retrospectivamente de ceratite infecciosa de moderada à grave, atendidos no Hospitaldo Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo no período de janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2006. Foi avaliada a resposta ao tratamento tópico com colírios antibióticos (Cefalotina 50mg/ml e Gentamicina 14mg/ml ou Ciprofloxacino 0,3%, verificando-se a necessidade de modificação da terapêutica inicial de acordo com a evolução clínica e correlação com os testes microbiológicos pré-tratamento. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que 21 culturas (33,9% foram positivas e 41 (66,1% foram negativas. Houve crescimento de fungo em uma amostra (1,6%. Em apenas dois casos (3,5% houve correlação do exame bacterioscópico com o da cultura. Em 5 casos (8,1% houve necessidade de modificação da medicação devido à piora clínica e 91,9% dos pacientes cursaram com cura do processo infeccioso com o tratamento inicial instituído. CONCLUSÃO: O uso tópico de antibióticos fortificados ou quinolonas foi eficaz no tratamento das ceratites de provável etiologia infecciosa com culturas positivas e negativas.

  10. Armazenamento de sementes de feijão submetidas a tratamentos sanitários alternativos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Fernanda Schneider

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi comparar tratamentos alternativos em sementes de feijão visando à conservação da qualidade fisiológica e sanitária em diferentes ambientes de armazenagem. Sementes de feijão cultivar Mulatinho provenientes de cultivo orgânico de Marechal Cândido Rondon-PR, safra 2010/2011, foram submetidas aos tratamentos: testemunha; termoterapia: 60 °C em estufa de circulação forçada por três horas; folhas de Eucalyptus grandis: foram cortadas em pedaços pequenos e misturadas às sementes; e alho+óleo+cinzas: 100 gramas de alho e 500 mL de óleo Glycine max para cada 60 kg de sementes, sendo estes amassados e misturados às sementes, e, ao final, misturadas às cinzas. Após os tratamentos, as sementes foram armazenadas por 120 dias em embalagem impermeável e em condições ambientais controladas (10 ± 3 °C e 36 ± 3% de umidade e não controladas (mantidas em temperatura ambiente. Após o armazenamento foram determinados: grau de umidade, massa de mil sementes, 1ª contagem do teste de germinação, germinação final, índice de velocidade de germinação e sanidade. O tratamento testemunha armazenada em ambiente controlado proporcionou os melhores resultados, conservando a qualidade fisiológica e sanitária das sementes. 

  11. Regressão da hepatosplenomegalia pelo tratamento específico da esquistossomose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. Bina

    1983-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram tratados com oxamniquine 23 esquistossomóticos com forma hepatosplênica instalada há menos de seis anos. Eles permaneceram na área endêmica, se reinfectaram e foram revistos após 2-4 anos. Houve melhora na evolução da doença em 78,3%. A melhora variou da completa reversão da hepatosplenomegalia (26% à simples diminuição da esplenomegalia com persistência ou não das lesões nodulares hepáticas. A resposta ao tratamento não foi influenciada pelo número de ovos de S. mansoni ms fezes e nem pela repetição do tratamento. Contudo, os pacientes com idade acima de nove anos responderam melhor ao tratamento. Na hipertensão porta esquistossomótica, pelo menos na ausência de hemorragias digestivas, o tratamento especifico deve preceder qualquer indicação cirúrgica.Twenty three patients with a less than six year history of the hepatosplenic form of schistosomiasis were treated with oxamniquine. They remained in the endemic area, were reinfected and re-examined after 2-4 years. Improvement was noted in 78,3% of the patients. The recovery varied from complete reversion of the hepatosplenomegaly (26% to a reduction of the splenomegaly with or without persistent hepatic nodular lesions. Response to the treatment was not influenced by the number of S. mansoni eggs in the feces nor by repetitions of the treatment. In schistosomiasis with portal hypertension, at least in theabsenceofdigestive hemorrhages, specific treatment must preceed any recommended surgery.

  12. Primeiro consenso brasileiro do tratamento da fase aguda do acidente vascular cerebral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto apresenta a síntese das conclusões do Iº Consenso Brasileiro do Tratamento da Fase Aguda do Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC. Tratou-se de reunião patrocinada e coordenada pela Sociedade Brasileira de Doenças Cerebrovasculares, com neurologistas especializados nas doenças cerebrovasculares, que analisaram os principais itens da conduta dos AVC.

  13. Tratamento cirúrgico da litíase vesical: revisão de literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Cesar Miranda Torricelli

    Full Text Available Cálculos vesicais são raros e a maioria dos casos ocorre em homens adultos com obstrução infravesical. Atualmente, existem poucos dados sobre o melhor tratamento desta doença. O objetivo desta revisão foi discutir alguns aspectos da patogênese e abordar o tratamento da litíase vesical. Uma ampla pesquisa na base de dados da "National Library of Medicine"/Pubmed foi realizada com os seguintes unitermos e descritores: vesical ou bexiga associados a cálculo, pedra ou litíase, e cistolitotripsia. Cento e setenta e um artigos foram identificados. Os artigos foram avaliados independentemente por dois revisores com experiência em urolitíase. Foram incluídos quando os resultados, complicações e seguimento foram claramente reportados. No final, 32 estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Nota-se que diversas opções para o tratamento da litíase vesical estão disponíveis, porém não há estudos randomizados comparando-as. Diferentes taxas de pacientes livres de cálculo são descritas, sendo: litotripsia extracorpórea com ondas de choque (75-100%, cistolitotripsia transureteroscópica (63-100%, cistolitotripsia percutânea (89-100% e cirurgia aberta (100%. O acesso percutâneo apresenta menor morbidade com resultados semelhantes ao tratamento transuretral, enquanto a litotrispsia extracorpórea apresenta as menores de taxas de eliminação de cálculos e fica reservada aos pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico.

  14. Avaliação e tratamento da hiperglicemia em pacientes graves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Verçoza Viana

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A hiperglicemia é um problema frequentemente encontrado em pacientes graves em ambiente de terapia intensiva. Sua presença se associa ao aumento da morbidade e da mortalidade, independentemente da causa da admissão (infarto agudo do miocárdio, condição após cirurgia cardiovascular, acidente vascular cerebral e sepse. Entretanto, permanecem muitas dúvidas com relação à fisiopatologia e, particularmente, em relação ao tratamento da hiperglicemia no paciente graves. Na prática clínica, devem ser levados em consideração diversos aspectos para o controle desses pacientes, inclusive os alvos de glicemia, o histórico de diabetes mellitus, a via de nutrição (enteral ou parenteral e o equipamento de monitoramento disponível, o que aumenta substancialmente a carga de trabalho dos profissionais envolvidos nesse tratamento. Esta revisão descreveu a epidemiologia, a fisiopatologia, o tratamento e o monitoramento da hiperglicemia no paciente adulto grave.

  15. Avaliação Do Tratamento Da Paracoccidioidomicose Com O Ketoconazol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jussara Marcondes

    1984-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram, tratados 12 doentes atendidos na Disciplina de Moléstias Infecciosas e Parasitárias da Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu com diagnóstico etiológico de paracoccidioidomicose que apresentavam lesões orgânicas múltiplas e evolução prolongada. O tratamento foi realizado por 18 meses, com o ketoconazol, pela via oral, nas doses diárias de 400 mg no primeiro mês e de 200 mg nos meses seguintes. Todos os doentes foram acompanhados durante o tratamento e, em média 4 meses e meio após o mesmo, clínica, radiológica e sorologicamente pelas reações de imunofluorescência indireta, precipitinas e imunodifusão em gel. A competência imunitária foi avaliada em todos os doentes antes do tratamento e repetida em quatro, no final do mesmo. Os resultados mostraram que houve recaída em 5 doentes. A droga foi bem tolerada e a imunodifusão em gel e a hemossedimentação foram as provas que mostraram maior paralelismo com a evolução clínica.

  16. Tratamento microcirúrgico de aneurismas da artéria comunicante anterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Mendes Faleiro

    1973-12-01

    Full Text Available Os autores descrevem o tratamento microcirúrgico realizado em oito pacientes que tiveram hemorragia subaracnóidea espontânea por rotura de aneurisma da artéria comunicante anterior. A conduta clínica pré-operatória é apresentada sendo dada ênfase às condições do paciente antes do ato cirúrgico. A técnica cirúrgica é descrita em detalhe, sendo salientado o uso do microscópio binocular. Dos 8 pacientes, dois (25% tinham mais de um aneurisma que foram tratados durante a mesma operação. A única complicação cirúrgica foi meningite pós-operatória em um paciente; esta complicação cedeu completamente ao tratamento. Após a operação 88% dos pacientes retornaram ao seu trabalho, não tendo havido óbito em virtude do tratamento.

  17. Uso do fluralaner no tratamento da demodicidose canina juvenil generalizada: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.A.B. Bezerra

    Full Text Available RESUMO O objetivo do presente trabalho foi relatar a eficácia do fluralaner no tratamento da demodicidose juvenil generalizada canina. Dois caninos, apresentando dois e três meses de idade, com diagnóstico clínico e parasitológico de demodicidose generalizada, foram tratados com administração única de fluralaner, na dose recomendada em bula pelo fabricante. Além disso, foi realizada a terapia adjuvante à base de xampu de peróxido de benzoíla e domperidona. Observou-se uma resposta terapêutica satisfatória, com repilação completa ao 30º dia após a administração do fármaco. Para cada paciente, foi realizado exame parasitológico do raspado cutâneo aos 75 e 90 dias seguintes ao início do tratamento, e todos foram negativos. Tendo em vista a elevada eficácia do tratamento proposto, sugere-se a inclusão do fluralaner nos protocolos terapêuticos destinados à demodicidose canina, particularmente nos pacientes pediátricos e com a forma generalizada da doença.

  18. Infecção Respiratória na Fibrose Cística e Tratamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anneliese Hoffmann

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Fibrose Cística é uma doença multissistêmica e complexa, que exige tratamento contínuo. A doença pulmonar é o principal determinante da sua evolução. Alterações na composição da secreção das vias aéreas levam ao desenvolvimento de doença pulmonar progressiva com infecção respiratória crônica por germes peculiares à doença.  Esquemas de antibioticoterapia para tratamento das exacerbações pulmonares, erradicação de bactérias ou de supressão da infecção crônica constituem parte importante do tratamento, com repercussão significativa na melhora dos sintomas, da função pulmonar e da qualidade de vida dos pacientes com Fibrose Cística.

  19. Religiosidade e espiritualidade: mecanismos de influência positiva sobre a vida e tratamento do alcoolista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Regina Zerbetto

    Full Text Available Resumo Objetivo: Identificar mecanismos de influência positiva da religiosidade e espiritualidade na vida e tratamento, na perspectiva de alcoolistas. Métodos: Estudo qualitativo, exploratório realizado no Centro de Atenção Psicossocial-Álcool e drogas do interior paulista. Realizada entrevista semiestruturada com oito dependentes de álcool. Os dados foram analisados por meio da técnica de análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Na percepção dos entrevistados, a religiosidade e espiritualidade influenciam positivamente o conforto de pessoas em abstinência; a ter força interior para cuidar da saúde; promove mudança de hábito, rotina e comportamento; serve como apoio complementar ao tratamento e fortalece exercícios diários de oração. Conclusão: Os alcoolistas reconhecem a influência positiva da religiosidade e espiritualidade, ajudando-os no processo de enfrentamento dos desafios diários da vida e do tratamento. Profissionais de saúde precisam estar aptos a utilizar tais temas no cotidiano do cuidado como recursos motivacionais.

  20. Toxina botulínica como tratamento para fobia social generalizada com hiperidrose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa da Rocha Lessa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Enrubescimento, tremores e transpiração excessiva são fenômenos frequentemente observados na fobia social. OBJETIVOS: Descrever a resposta de um paciente com o tipo generalizado de fobia social e hiperidrose à terapia cognitivo-comportamental aliada à toxina botulínica. MÉTODO: Relato de caso único. RESULTADOS: O Sr. A, 20 anos, estudante universitário, procurou tratamento por apresentar sintomas compatíveis com os diagnósticos de fobia social e depressão. O Sr. A também apresentava diagnóstico de hiperidrose palmar, plantar e axilar. Tanto a fobia social quanto a hiperidrose tiveram seu início no começo da adolescência, com a primeira se iniciando quatro anos antes da segunda. A terapia cognitivo-comportamental levou à remissão da depressão, mas o tratamento efetivo da fobia social apenas foi possível após a terapia com a toxina botulínica. CONCLUSÃO: A toxina botulínica, um tratamento que bloqueia fenômenos autonômicos periféricos, também pode proporcionar alívio dos sintomas em pacientes com fobia social.

  1. A acetamida de pirrolidona como medicação auxiliar no tratamento da paralisia cerebral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Salete Pinheiro Chagas Ribeiro

    1976-06-01

    Full Text Available Vinte crianças, com diagnóstico de paralisia cerebral (PC e sob tratamento clássico, fisioterápico e pedagógico, receberam piracetam (acetamida de pirrolidona como medicação auxiliar. O objetivo foi melhorar os problemas de espasticidade, apredizagem, neurolabilidade, visando a um rendimento melhor do tratamento global da PC. O grupo medicado foi comparado com um grupo controle de 20 crianças que só eram objeto do tratamento habitual. A comparação mostrou resultados favoráveis no grupo medicado. A droga foi administrada na dose de 80 mg/kg/dia durante 10 semanas. Os critérios de avaliação dos resultados foram psicológicos, clínico, fisioterápico e pedagógico. A droga foi administrada em nova forma de apresentação: solução, para uso oral, a 6%.

  2. PROTOCOLOS DE TRATAMENTO FISIOTERÁPICO APÓS CIRURGIA DO LIGAMENTO CRUZADO ANTERIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Sá Pimenta

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA é uma das estruturas que compõe a articulação do joelho. As lesões do LCA estão ocorrendo com frequência e está é suscetível a lesões em desportos de contato. A perda deste ligamento gera instabilidade anterior do joelho podendo limitar a capacidade funcional, sobrecarregar os estabilizadores secundários e limitar a atividade esportiva do individuo, assim a indicação cirúrgica no tratamento da lesão do LCA vem sendo um consenso. Desta forma, este estudo tem por objetivo apresentar variados protocolos de tratamento após cirurgia de reparação deste ligamento. Embora todos os protocolos encontrados foquem o mesmo objetivo de dar ao paciente as mesmas capacidades funcionais comparativamente ao membro não operado, neste estudo podemos concluir que as opções de tratamento são numerosos com relação as condutas fisioterápicas e os conhecimentos sobre patologias do joelho sofreram grande avanço e por consequência vários protocolos ainda vêm sendo desenvolvidos, e a recuperação do paciente deve sempre focar no objetivo e levar sempre em conta a profissão, o esporte, o estilo de vida e a idade do paciente na escolha do protocolo.

  3. A utilização de mini-estações de tratamento de esgoto em residências

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nícolas Fernandes Martins

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tratará do desenvolvimento de um protótipo de estação detratamento de esgoto (ETE, sendo um protótipo onde foram analisados dadosquímicos e levantamento da microfauna do lodo ativado.  Foram analisados antes eapós o tratamento do protótipo dados referentes à Demanda Bioquímica de Oxigênio(DBO, Nitrogênio Amoniacal, fosfato, óleos e graxas, ph e espectrofotometria. É oprimeiro trabalho que utiliza medidas de espectrofotometria em analises de águastratadas. Todos os resultados comprovam que a estação de tratamento pode ser eficazem residências que não possuem tratamento de esgoto. Foram realizadas plantas parainstalação de uma estação de tratamento em residências.

  4. Measure of the e+e-{yields}bb Cross Section at the LEP Energies; Medida de la seccion eficaz e&apos;'+e'&apos;-{yields}bb a las Energias de LEP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arce Dubois, P.

    1992-07-01

    In the present work I analyse the data collected during 1990 by the L3 detector, situated in the electron-positron collider LEP. After selecting the events e&apos;'+e'&apos;-{yields} bb through their semileptonic decays into muons, I calculate the cross section for the process e&apos;'+e'&apos;- {yields} bb at different energy points around the mass of the vectorial boson Z, and I measure some parameters of the Standard Model, namely, the Br(b{yields}{mu} ),{gamma}{sub z}n-{yields}bb/{gamma}{sub z}n{yields}had and {gamma}{sub z}n{yields}bb{gamma}{sub z}n{yields}e&apos;'+e'&apos;-. (Author) 26 refs.

  5. May Goedel&apos;s Ideas Be Addressed Philosophically?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dokulil, Milos [Department of Information Technologies, Faculty of Informatics, Masaryk University, Botanicka 68a, 602 00 Brno (Czech Republic)

    2007-11-15

    Goedel emphasised philosophy as an important tool in science. Much less is known about his religious background. We should bear in mind that our evaluational perspective differs very much from the one in which Goedel lived. He was personally sure that there must be another existence after death-an afterlife (&apos;of unlimited life span&apos;). As a &apos;Baptized Lutheran&apos; he did not include &apos;Trinity&apos; in his creed. He was also certain that mind is separate from matter. This text tries to include Libet&apos;s &apos;readiness potential&apos; into the debate concerning the specificity of the mind. Neither Goedel&apos;s identification of materialism with mechanism nor his vision of the &apos;spirit&apos; are a viable solution of the problem.

  6. Survey of Swiss nuclear&apos;s cost study 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alt, Stefan; Ustohalova, Veronika

    2017-01-01

    The report discusses the Swiss nuclear cost study 2016 concerning the following issues: evaluation of the aspects of the cost study: cost structure, cost classification and risk provision, additional payment liability, option of lifetime extension for Swiss nuclear power plants; specific indications on the report &apos;&apos;cost study 2016 (KS16) - estimation of the decommissioning cost of Swiss nuclear power plants&apos;&apos;: decommissioning costs in Germany, France and the USA, indexing the Swiss cost estimation for decommissioning cost, impact factors on the decommissioning costs; specific indications on the report &apos;&apos;cost study 2016 (KS16) - estimation of the disposal cost - interim storage, transport, containers and reprocessing&apos;&apos;; specific indications on the report &apos;&apos;cost studies (KS16) - estimation of disposal costs - geological deep disposal&apos;&apos;: time scale and costs incurred, political/social risks, retrievability, comparison with other mining costs.

  7. Contributions to the qualification of the &apos;'CRISTAL'&apos; criticality calculi scheme: interpretation of critical experiments. Elaboration of a characterization system of neutronic configurations; Contributions a la qualification du schema de calcul de criticite &apos;'cristal'&apos;: interpretation d&apos;experiences critiques. Elaboration d&apos;un systeme de caracterisation des configurations neutroniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gagnier, E

    1999-06-01

    This thesis work is about the validation of the new criticality-safety package CRISTAL and contributes to the modernization and the improvement of the computational tools. The first part presents neutronic elements, the objectives of safety criticality studies and the package CRISTAL. Then, the validation work concerned two series of experiments involving uranyl solutions (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) and UO{sub 2} powders. For these experiments, the differences between the computation results and the experimental results were analysed. It was highlighted interesting physical phenomena such of the compensations of errors between the approximate representation by the 99 energy group structure on the first resonance of oxygen and the anisotropy of the diffusion simulation as well as the influence of uranium 234 in high enriched solutions in uranium 235. Once the work of the experimental qualification carried out, raises the question of the use the base of qualification and the &apos;'calculation-experiment'&apos; variations which are referred to it. It is often difficult to establish the link between the &apos;&apos;studied configuration&apos;&apos; and the experiments of the base of qualification. The presented characterisation system proposes to answer in a way automatic and quantified this difficulty: - in bringing an answer on the package qualification for the studied configuration, - in giving an estimate of the package bias. To answer these points, it was defined a set of 35 characteristic neutronic parameters representing the behaviour of the medium. To process the information brought by these parameters and to use it to answer the objectives of the system, we called upon statistical methods (Principal Components Analysis and Sliced Inverse Regression). The results obtained in the feasibility studies showed the relevance of these methods for the considered objectives. (author)

  8. Endovascular treatment of aortic arch aneurysms Tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas de arco aórtico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Chiesa

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Endovascular approach to the aortic arch is an appealing solution for selected patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare the technical and clinical success recorded in the different anatomical settings of endografting for aortic arch disease. METHODS: Between June 1999 and October 2006, among 178 patients treated at our institution for thoracic aorta disease with a stent-graft, the aortic arch was involved in 64 cases. According to the classification proposed by Ishimaru, aortic zone 0 was involved in 14 cases, zone 1 in 12 cases and zone 2 in 38 cases. A hybrid surgical procedure of supra-aortic debranching and revascularization was performed in 37 cases. RESULTS: Zone 0. Proximal neck length: 44±6 mm. Initial clinical success was 78.6%: two deaths (stroke, one type Ia endoleak. At a mean follow-up of 16.4±11 months the midterm clinical success was 85.7%. Zone 1. Proximal neck length: 28±5 mm. Initial clinical success was 66.7%: 0 deaths, four type Ia endoleaks. At a mean follow-up of 16.9±17.2 months the midterm clinical success was 75.0%. Zone 2. Proximal neck length: 30±5 mm. Initial clinical success was 84.2%: two deaths (one cardiac arrest, one multiorgan embolization, three type Ia endoleaks, one case of open conversion. Two cases of delayed transitory paraparesis/paraplegia were observed. At a mean follow-up of 28.0±17.2 months the midterm clinical success was 89.5%. CONCLUSIONS: This study and a literature review demonstrated that hybrid procedure for aortic arch pathology is feasible in selected patients at high risk for conventional surgery. Our experience is still limited by the relatively small sample size. We propose to reserve zone 1 for patients unfit for sternotomy or in cases with aortic neck length > 30 mm following left common carotid artery debranching. We recommend to perform complete aortic rerouting of the aortic arch in cases with lesser comorbidities and shorter aortic neck.CONTEXTO: O tratamento endovascular

  9. Absence of toroidal moments in &apos;aromagnetic&apos; anthracene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alborghetti, S; Coey, J M D [School of Physics, Trinity College, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Puppin, E; Brenna, M; Pinotti, E; Zanni, P [Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, Milano (Italy)], E-mail: alborgs@tcd.ie

    2008-06-15

    Colloidal suspensions of anthracene and other aromatic compounds have been shown to respond to a magnetic field as if they possessed a permanent magnetic moment. This phenomenon was named &apos;aromagnetism&apos; by Spartakov and Tolstoi, and it was subsequently attributed to the interaction of an electric toroidal moment with a time-varying magnetic field. However, there has been no independent confirmation of the original work. Here, we have selected purified anthracene crystallites which respond to a low magnetic field and investigate how this response depends on the gradient and the time derivative of the field. We conclude that the anomaly cannot be attributed to a toroidal interaction but is due to a constant magnetic moment of the particles. Close examinations using magnetometry and scanning electron microscopy reveal metallic clusters of Fe and Ni up to a few hundred nanometres in size embedded in the anomalous crystallites. These inclusions represent 1.8 ppm by weight of the sample. The observed presence of ferromagnetic inclusions in the ppm range is sufficient to explain the anomalous magnetic properties of micron-sized anthracene crystals, including the reported optical properties of the colloidal suspensions.

  10. File &apos;Energy-climate actions in Sweden&apos;

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    In a first part, this publication briefly presents some basic data and information on Sweden (geography, population, economy, administrative organisation, powers of local authorities, local finances), the Swedish &apos;energy profile&apos; (consumption, intensity, imports and exports), greenhouse gas emissions (total and per sector), and the energy-climate strategy (impacts of climate change, national climatic strategy, national measures, action framework for local authorities). The second part addresses one of these action frameworks, the Klimatkommunernas network. It describes this network, its objectives, and possibilities for communities to join it. It describes its activities: information, publication of a strategic document of climate-energy actions for municipalities, examples of projects. The third part presents experiments performed by different local communities (Kristianstad, Vaexjoe, Malmoe, and Lund). For each of them are presented: the energy strategy (objectives, strategy, adaptation, energy-climate follow-up, application and actual measures), and some specific measures. These specific examples can be integrated systems based on biogas and biomass, a zero fossil fuel objective with the use of renewable energies for heat and cold production, for electricity production and to improve energy efficiency, to promote green fuels in transports, to reduce the impact of transports on climate, a sustainable town planning, environmental management. Some features are then highlighted in the adopted approach for these examples: a systemic, collaborative, participative and communicative approach

  11. The role of bioenergy in the energy transition. The &apos;&apos;Smart Bioenergy&apos;&apos; concept; Die Rolle der Bioenergie in der Energiewende. Das &apos;&apos;Smart Bioenergy&apos;&apos;-Konzept

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thraen, Daniela [Helmholtz-Zentrum fuer Umweltforschung - UFZ, Leipzig (Germany). Dept. Bioenergie (BEN); DBFZ Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum gGmbH, Leipzig (Germany). Bereich Bioenergiesysteme; Seitz, Stefanie B.; Wirkner, Ronny; Nelles, Michael [DBFZ Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum gGmbH, Leipzig (Germany). Bereich Bioenergiesysteme

    2016-08-01

    The energy system&apos;s transformation away from fossil and therefore finite resources and ecological harmful use towards renewable energy sources and sustainable forms of usage proceeds. But even after 35 years, the German energy transition has yet not reached its ambitious goals. Moreover, in the recent years the progress has stagnated in certain areas. This is due to the fact that one of the central challenges of the energy system&apos;s changeover to an sole use renewable energy (RE) have not yet mastered: the reliable and stable delivery of RE for all energy dependent sectors starting form electricity via heat to mobility in the face of fluctuating energy sources like sun and wind. Bioenergy with its flexible use of innovative technologies and smart integration in the overall system is therefore vital to grant stability of energy supply. Furthermore, bioenergy can recourse on sustainable resources and may become therefore the backbone of the future bioeconomy. For this purpose an integrative approach is necessary that aligns the aforementioned building blocks in a cohesive whole: the Smart Bioenergy concept - that will be presented here with its elements but also open questions and challenges.

  12. SKI&apos;s and SSI&apos;s review of SKB&apos;s safety report SR-Can

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dverstorp, Bjoern; Stroemberg, Bo (and others)

    2008-03-15

    This report summarises SKI&apos;s and SSI&apos;s joint review of the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co&apos;s (SKB) safety report SR-Can (SKB TR-06-09). SR-Can is the first assessment of post-closure safety for a KBS-3 spent nuclear fuel repository at the candidate sites Forsmark and Laxemar, respectively. The analysis builds on data from the initial stage of SKB&apos;s surface-based site investigations and on data from full-scale manufacturing and testing of buffer and copper canisters. SR-Can can be regarded as a preliminary version of the safety report that will be required in connection with SKB&apos;s planned licence application for a final repository in late 2009. The main purpose of the authorities&apos; review is to provide feedback to SKB on their safety reporting as part of the pre-licensing consultation process. However, SR-Can is not part of the formal licensing process. In support of the authorities&apos; review three international peer review teams were set up to make independent reviews of SR-Can from three perspectives, namely integration of site data, representation of the engineered barriers and safety assessment methodology, respectively. Further, several external experts and consultants have been engaged to review detailed technical and scientific issues in SR-Can. The municipalities of Oesthammar and Oskarshamn where SKB is conducting site investigations, as well NGOs involved in SKB&apos;s programme, have been invited to provide their views on SR-Can as input to the authorities&apos; review. Finally, the authorities themselves, and with the help of consultants, have used independent models to reproduce part of SKB&apos;s calculations and to make complementary calculations. All supporting review documents are published in SKI&apos;s and SSI&apos;s report series. The main findings of the review are: -SKB&apos;s safety assessment methodology is overall in accordance with applicable regulations, but part of the methodology needs to be

  13. Highly specific &apos;'sensing'&apos; of tryptophan by a luminescent europium(III) complex

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stubenrauch, Jan A.; Mevissen, Christian; Schulte, Marie F.; Bochenek, Steffen; Albrecht, Markus [RWTH Univ. Aachen (Germany). Inst. fuer Organische Chemie; Subramanian, Palani S. [Central Salt and Marine Chemicals, Research Institute (CSRI), Gujarat (India)

    2016-07-01

    The europium(III) complex 1-Cl{sub 3} (S,S-2,2{sup &apos;}-(((1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-diyl)bis(methanylylidene))bis (azanylyliden e))bis(3-methylbutanamide)europiumtrichloride) undergoes, only in the presence of the amino acid tryptophan, a change of emission at 615 nm. In the presence of few equivalents of tryptophan, emission of the europium complex is enhanced while it disappears upon addition of large amounts. This behavior can be assigned to displacement of the sensitizing phenanthroline ligand of 1-Cl{sub 2} x Trp in the latter case.

  14. The &apos;&apos;penumbra sign&apos;&apos; on T1-weighted MRI for differentiating musculoskeletal infection from tumour

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGuinness, B.; Wilson, N.; Doyle, A.J. [Middlemore Hospital, Department of Radiology, Masterton (New Zealand)

    2007-05-15

    The &apos;&apos;penumbra sign&apos;&apos; on unenhanced T1-weighted MR sequences is thought to be helpful for discriminating subacute osteomyelitis from bone neoplasm. We sought to quantify the sensitivity and specificity of this sign for bone and soft tissue infection in a general referral population. Clinical coding was used to identify patients admitted to Middlemore Hospital (Auckland, New Zealand) between January 2000 and November 2003 with a diagnosis of either infection or neoplasm of the upper or lower limb who had undergone an MRI scan. One hundred and eighty-three patients were included in the study. Fifty-seven patients had bone or soft tissue infection. One hundred and twenty-six had a bone or soft tissue neoplasm. Relevant unenhanced T1-weighted images were selected for each patient, randomised and placed in a folder on the Hospital PACS system. Four reviewers were shown the original article describing the penumbra sign and then asked to look at the images in the folder stating whether the penumbra sign was present or absent. The average specificity and sensitivity of the penumbra sign for musculoskeletal infection was 96% (range 94-99%) and 27% (range 21-34%) respectively. Interobserver reliability was moderate to good with an average kappa score of 0.57 (range 0.50-0.62). For isolated soft tissue infection there was a higher sensitivity (54%, 33-83%) but with similar specificity (98%, 96-100%) and interobserver reliability (0.47, 0.33-0.58). Of the 11 out of 57 (19%) true positive penumbra signs identified by a consensus of three or more of the observers, all were subacute, chronic or acute on chronic infections. The penumbra sign has a high specificity for musculoskeletal infection. This is also true for isolated soft tissue infection. The penumbra sign is helpful in differentiating neoplasm from infection and its presence in the setting of a high pretest probability is useful in making a diagnosis of infection. (orig.)

  15. Rainbow&apos;s stars

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garattini, Remo [Universita degli Studi di Bergamo, Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Dalmine, Bergamo (Italy); I.N.F.N.-sezione di Milano, Milan (Italy); Mandanici, Gianluca [Universita degli Studi di Bergamo, Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Dalmine, Bergamo (Italy)

    2017-01-15

    In recent years, a growing interest in the equilibrium of compact astrophysical objects like white dwarf and neutron stars has been manifested. In particular, various modifications due to Planck-scale energy effects have been considered. In this paper we analyze the modification induced by gravity&apos;s rainbow on the equilibrium configurations described by the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff (TOV) equation. Our purpose is to explore the possibility that the rainbow Planck-scale deformation of space-time could support the existence of different compact stars. (orig.)

  16. MSD presents Coalsafe &apos;92

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-03-01

    In February 1992, the Mine Safety Division of the Chamber of Mines (South Africa), conducted its 1992 coal mine safety programme at the Kriel Club. The article gives a brief account of the workshop on accidents in surface and underground transport and the main address by R.B. Jurd, Chairman of the Collieries Committee of the Chamber of Mines. Mr. Jurd&apos;s address covered aspects such as: the reportable injury rate for 1991 (4.46 per 1000 employees); the link between innovation, productivity and safety; and the need to remain competitive by reducing costs and increasing productivity. 4 photos.

  17. The Influence of Teachers&apos; Conceptions on Their Students&apos; Learning: Children&apos;s Understanding of Sheet Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Íñiguez, Guadalupe; Pozo, Juan Ignacio

    2014-01-01

    Background: Despite increasing interest in teachers&apos; and students&apos; conceptions of learning and teaching, and how they influence their practice, there are few studies testing the influence of teachers&apos; conceptions on their students&apos; learning. Aims: This study tests how teaching conception (TC; with a distinction between…

  18. Estudo imunológico da esquistossomose mansoni intestinal antes e após tratamento com aminonitrotiazol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucyr Jones Antunes

    1974-02-01

    Full Text Available Foram dosadas as imunoglobulinas e realizados testes cutâneos para se avaliar o sistema imunológico de pacientes portadores da forma intestinal da esquistossomose mansoni. Estes testes foram realizados antes do tratamento com aminonitrotiazol e após trinta, sessenta e noventa dias do tratamento. Antes do tratamento o nível de IgG (1893 ± 472 mg% apresentava-se elevado, mas os níveis de IgA (186 ± 74 mg% e de IgM (91 ± 26 mg% achavam-se normais. Decorridos trinta, sessenta e noventa dias do tratamento, o nível de IgG diminuiu, observando-se ligeira elevação de IgA bem como de IgM. Os pacientes, antes do tratamento, quando testados com schistosomina e anti IgE apresentaram áreas de 1,22 ± 0,36 cm² e 1,04 ± 0,25 cm², respectivamente. Noventa dias após o tratamento, as reações à schistosomina e ao soro anti IgE produziram reações com áreas ainda maiores. Os testes de hipersensibilidade retardada mostraram que 35% dos pacientes reagiram à schistosomina e 71% ao 2-4 dinitrofluorobenzeno.

  19. Tratamento endovascular de aneurismas cirsoideos do couro cabeludo Endovascular treatment of scalp cirsoid aneurysms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Wajnberg

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relatar os resultados da aplicação de técnicas endovasculares no tratamento de aneurismas cirsoideos do couro cabeludo. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Quatro pacientes com diagnóstico de aneurismas cirsoideos foram submetidos ao tratamento por via endovascular. Todos os quatro pacientes incluídos nesta série tinham malformações arteriovenosas e foram tratados apenas com embolização. RESULTADOS: Três pacientes foram submetidos a tratamento endovascular mediante embolização transarterial e um foi tratado por punção direta da porção venosa. Os resultados clínicos e cosméticos foram satisfatórios em todos os pacientes. Não houve recidiva clínica durante o período de acompanhamento. CONCLUSÃO: A via endovascular é uma alternativa segura e eficaz no tratamento dos aneurismas cirsoideos. Embora possa ser efetivamente utilizado como uma alternativa adjuvante ou complementar à cirurgia, especialmente quando é necessário lidar com aferências profundas, a maioria dos casos pode ser totalmente curada apenas com a terapêutica endovascular. A escolha do método de tratamento deve ser baseada em uma variedade de características próprias da lesão, incluindo sua angioarquitetura, tamanho e apresentação clínica.OBJECTIVE: To report results of the application of endovascular techniques in the management of scalp cirsoid aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patients diagnosed with cirsoid aneurysms were submitted to treatment by endovascular approach. All the four patients included in the present series had arteriovenous malformations and were treated solely by embolization. RESULTS: Three of the patients underwent endovascular treatment by transarterial embolization and one was treated by direct puncture of the venous segment. Both clinical and cosmetic outcomes were satisfactory in all of the patients. Clinical relapse was not observed along the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: The endovascular approach is safe and effective in

  20. Use of intrathecal morphine infusion for spasticity Uso de morfina intratecal para tratamento de espasticidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis A. Rogano

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of intrathecal morphine infusion to treat spasticity. Setting: Functional Neurosurgery Division of University of São Paulo, Brazil. METHOD: Twelve patients with clinical refractory spasticity were studied. Two females and 10 males, with median age of 34.4 years (20 to 61 ys.. The initial Ashworth scale was 4.6. They were submitted to pump implantation for intrathecal morphine infusion. RESULTS: The final Ashworth scale was 2.2. The median dose concentration of Intrathecal morphine was 0.95 mg, with a mean frequency of 1.8 times a day. Four patients developed pruritus, two patients nausea, two patients urinary retention, however all improved after morphine concentration was decreased. One patient was submitted to pump rewiew after extrusion catheter. CONCLUSIONS: Intrathecal morphine infusion is very helpful in patients with spasticity refractory to clinical treatment, and we observed only minor complications.OBJETIVO: Estudar a eficiência do uso da infusão de morfina intratecal, no tratamento da espasticidade. MÉTODO: Doze pacientes com espasticidade refratária a tratamento clínico foram estudados. Dez eram do sexo masculino e dois do feminino. A idade média foi 34,4 anos (20 a 61 anos. A média inicial da escala de Ashworth foi 4,6. Todos foram submetidos a implante de bomba de infusão para infusão Intratecal de morfina. RESULTADOS: Ao final do tratamento o valor da escala de Ashworth foi 2,2. A dose média de infusão intratecal de morfina foi 0,95 mg, com freqüência de aplicação de 1,8 vezes/dia. Como complicações, quatro pacientes desenvolveram prurido, dois náuseas, dois retenção urinária e todos melhoraram com diminuição da concentração da morfina intratecal. Um paciente foi submetido à revisão da bomba de morfina por extrusão do cateter. CONCLUSÃO: O uso de morfina intratecal para o tratamento de espasticidade refratária a tratamento clínico é eficaz e com poucas complicações.

  1. Metástase cerebral: tratamento paliativo com radiocirurgia Brain metastasis: palliative treatment with radiosurgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio L. Faria

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo faz avaliação de 52 pacientes com metástase cerebral tratados com radiocirurgia estereotática na Universidade McGill, em Montreal. A radiocirurgia foi realizada com a técnica dinâmica em que, ao mesmo tempo, giram a mesa e a cabeça do acelerador linear de 10 MV. Todos os pacientes (56 tratamentos ao todo foram tratados com um único isocentro e uma dose única mediana de 1800 cGy na periferia da metástase. Em 88% dos casos a radiocirurgia foi usada após falha de tratamento radioterápico fracionado em todo cérebro. Todos os 52 casos tiveram avaliação com CT pós radiocirurgia. O seguimento mediano foi de 6 meses (variou entre 1 e 37 meses e a taxa de resposta, parcial ou completa, foi de 64%. Apenas 4 pacientes (7% tiveram algum tipo de complicação tardia relacionada ao tratamento. Estes achados vão de encontro com dados da literatura. A radiocirurgia é tratamento pouco agressivo, bem tolerado e com alta taxa de resposta para lesões locais e pode ser útil para pacientes selecionados. O seu valor definitivo, como tratamento único ou combinado com radioterapia em todo cérebro, está sendo avaliado de forma prospectiva e randomizada.This is a retrospective review of 52 patients with metastatic brain disease who underwent stereotactic radiosurgery at McGill University in Montreal. The radiosurgical treatment was performed with the dynamic rotation technique in which there is continuous and simultaneous movement of treatment couch and machine gantry of a 10 MV linac. All patients were treated with a single isocenter and a median dose of 1800 cGy was delivered. In 88% of the cases radiosurgery was given after failure from whole brain conventional irradiation. All 52 cases were assessed with brain CT post radiosurgery. The median follow up time was 6 months (range 1 -37 months and the response rate (partial or complete was 64%. Only 4 patientes (7% developed late complications related to the treatment. These findings are

  2. Atuação da cirurgia plástica no tratamento de feridas complexas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Soler Coltro

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relatar a atuação da Cirurgia Plástica no tratamento das feridas complexas em hospital terciário, analisando suas características, tipos de lesões e condutas adotadas, com ênfase no tratamento cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva dos pacientes com feridas complexas atendidos pela Cirurgia Plástica em hospital terciário, através dos pedidos de consulta, em um período de cinco anos (2006 a 2010. A coleta dos dados foi obtida a partir de atendimentos realizados, avaliações seriadas e registros do prontuário médico. RESULTADOS: Foram atendidos 1927 pacientes (32 consultas/mês, com média de idade de 46,3 anos, predominando o sexo masculino (62%. As especialidades cirúrgicas solicitaram 1076 consultas (56% e as clínicas, 851 (44%. A distribuição por tipo de ferida demonstrou predomínio das úlceras por pressão (635/33%, das feridas traumáticas (570/30%, cirúrgicas complicadas (305/16% e necrotizantes (196/10%, sendo o restante representado por vasculite (83/4%, úlceras venosas (79/4%, diabéticas (41/2% e pós-radiação (18/1%. O tratamento foi operatório em 1382 pacientes (72% e não-operatório em 545 casos (28%. Nos pacientes operados, realizaram-se 3029 operações, predominando os desbridamentos (1988/65% e enxertias de pele (619/21% associadas ou não com a terapia por pressão negativa (vácuo, seguido pelos retalhos pediculados (237/8%, reimplantes digitais (81/3%, retalhos microcirúrgicos (66/2% e outros procedimentos (38/1%. CONCLUSÃO: O cirurgião plástico demonstrou ter importante atuação no tratamento das feridas complexas por adotar o tratamento cirúrgico mais precocemente, colaborando para a efetiva resolução dos casos.

  3. Diretrizes brasileiras para o tratamento da narcolepsia Brazilian guidelines for the treatment of narcolepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Alóe

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo relata as conclusões da reunião de consenso da Associação Brasileira de Sono com médicos especialistas brasileiros sobre o tratamento da narcolepsia, baseado na revisão dos artigos sobre narcolepsia publicados entre 1980 e 2010. Os objetivos do consenso são valorizar o uso de agentes avaliados em estudos randomizados placebo-controlados, emitir recomendações de consenso para o uso de outras medicações e informar pontos importantes a respeito da segurança e efeitos adversos das medicações. O tratamento da narcolepsia é baseado em diversas classes de agentes, estimulantes para sonolência excessiva, agentes antidepressivos para cataplexia e hipnóticos para sono noturno fragmentado. Medidas comportamentais são igualmente importantes e recomendadas universalmente. Todos os ensaios clínicos terapêuticos foram classificados de acordo com o nível de qualidade da evidência. Recomendações terapêuticas individualizadas para cada tipo de sintoma e recomendações gerais foram formuladas pelos autores. Modafinila é indicada como a primeira escolha para o tratamento da sonolência diurna. Agentes de segunda escolha para o tratamento da sonolência excessiva são metilfenidato de liberação lenta seguido pelo mazindol. Reboxetina, clomipramina, venlafaxina, desvenlafaxina e os inibidores seletivos de recaptação de serotonina em doses altas são a primeira escolha para o tratamento da cataplexia. Hipnóticos são utilizados para o tratamento do sono noturno fragmentado. Antidepressivos e hipnóticos são igualmente utilizados para o tratamento das alucinações hipnagógicas e paralisia do sono.This manuscript contains the conclusion of the consensus meeting of the Brazilian Sleep Association with Brazilian sleep specialists on the treatment of narcolepsy based on the review of medical literature from 1980 to 2010. The manuscript objectives were to reinforce the use of agents evaluated in randomized placebo

  4. A New Rose of Sharon Variety, &apos;Changhae&apos; Developed by A Mutation Breeding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Song, H.S.; Park, I.S.; Lim, Y.T.; Kim, J.K.; Lee, G.J.; Kim, D.S.; Kim, J.B.; Kang, S.Y.

    2006-01-01

    &apos;Changhae&apos; is a new Hibiscus variety developed by a mutation breeding by using a gamma ray irradiation. One hundred seeds of the original variety, &apos;Suminokura&apos;, grown in a breeding field in the Namyangju, Gyeonggi Province were irradiated with a 100 Gy gamma ray from a ∨60Co source at the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute in 1993 (Fig. 1). The original variety, &apos;Suminokura&apos; belonged to the I-b category represented by a single flower, with an intermediate ratio of petal length/petal width, and a red purple color with a red-eye in the center of it&apos;s flower

  5. Fair Miles? The concept of &apos;food miles&apos; through a sustainable development lens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MacGregor, James; Vorley, Bill

    2006-10-15

    The concept of &apos;food miles&apos; presents an argument to buy goods which have travelled the shortest distance from farm to table, and to discriminate against long-haul transportation, especially air-freighted goods. The long-distance transport of food is associated with additional emissions due to increased transportation coupled with greater packaging, as well as a disconnection between the public and local farming. Furthermore, &apos;food miles&apos; encapsulates (and is at the vanguard of) the climate change debate in the UK. In light of growing international concern over the speed and scale of climate change, the concept of &apos;food miles&apos; has captured public attention and apparently is changing some consumers&apos; behaviour, although only around one-third of shoppers know of the concept.

  6. Poland&apos;s syndrome: radiologic findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bazzi Junior, Joao Lourenco, E-mail: joaobazzijr@gmail.com [Clinica Via Imagem, Xanxere, SC (Brazil); Matta, Eduardo Simoes da [Pro Circulacao - Clinica de Angiologia, Cirurgia Vascular e Ecografia Vascular, Xanxere, SC (Brazil); De Bortoli, Luciano [Materclinica Materno Infantil, Xanxere, SC (Brazil); De Bortoli, Felipe Raasch [Universidade Catolica de Pelotas (UCPel), Pelotas, RS (Brazil). Fac. of Medicine

    2012-05-15

    Poland&apos;s syndrome is a rare non-inherited congenital anomaly. The authors describe the classic radiologic findings of Poland&apos;s syndrome by reporting the case of a male four-year old patient with asymmetry of hands and chest, illustrating the fundamental imaging criteria for a conclusive diagnosis. (author)

  7. &apos;Negligence = Oil Shortage&apos; and international energy conditions in the future. &apos;Yudan&apos; to kongo no kokusai energy josei ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakaiya, T.

    1993-12-01

    This paper introduced the Mr. Sakaiya&apos;s lecture on the &apos;Negligence = Oil Shortage&apos; and international energy conditions in the future held at the 20th anniversary of the Agency of Natural Resources and Energy. The present Japan&apos;s conditions are very similar to those at the Oil Crisis. Japan is now in &apos;Negligence&apos;. The prosperity brought about by the decline of oil price staggers Japan&apos;s intention of developing the nuclear power generation. There is no feeling of energy crisis all over the world. The demand/supply of oil resources, international relation, social and economical trend, and technical innovation after the Oil Crisis were explained. The pig cycle of economy can be clearly seen in energy, food, and gold price. The human being is apt to indulge into negligence in the experience in memory and the historical repetition. For the oil forecast, they say that it will be fine or cloudy and the rainfall probability is 15 %. The resources and energy requires a long term vision. The nuclear power generation is important. The social tolerance to the development of nuclear power generation is necessary to get rid of the oil dependency. Let&apos;s not repeat the trouble in railway construction. All the people have to be interested in nuclear power.

  8. Science Teachers&apos; Analogical Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mozzer, Nilmara Braga; Justi, Rosária

    2013-01-01

    Analogies can play a relevant role in students&apos; learning. However, for the effective use of analogies, teachers should not only have a well-prepared repertoire of validated analogies, which could serve as bridges between the students&apos; prior knowledge and the scientific knowledge they desire them to understand, but also know how to…

  9. Japan&apos;s new energy policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-11-01

    Japan&apos;s energy policy is undergoing fundamental changes. The accident at TEPCO&apos;s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant questions the future contribution of nuclear power in the national energy mix. Growing imports of fossil fuels to replace the lost nuclear capacity inflated energy prices and raise economic and energy security challenges. At the same time, the US shale gas and oil revolution is reshaping the global energy scene. Japan expects to take advantage of the trend to eliminate the &apos;Asian premium&apos; on natural gas prices and expand cheaper natural gas consumption. These developments have driven the Government of Japan to review its energy policy from scratch and adopt a new Strategic Energy Plan. This new policy has far reaching implications for gas and coal development in Japan but also for the international markets as Japan is the world&apos;s largest LNG importer and the second largest coal importer. This document summarizes the key findings of a new report by CEDIGAZ &apos;Japan&apos;s new energy policy: In search for stable and competitive energy supply&apos;. The report analyzes the current changes taking place on the gas and coal markets in Japan, in light of the new energy policy adopted in April 2014, and in particular the decision to restart safe nuclear power plants and push forward electricity market reforms

  10. THE HEIGHT EVOLUTION OF THE &apos;'TRUE'&apos; CORONAL MASS EJECTION MASS DERIVED FROM STEREO COR1 AND COR2 OBSERVATIONS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bein, B. M.; Temmer, M.; Veronig, A. M.; Utz, D. [Kanzelhoehe Observatory-IGAM, Institute of Physics, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 5, A-8010 Graz (Austria); Vourlidas, A. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC (United States)

    2013-05-01

    Using combined STEREO-A and STEREO-B EUVI, COR1, and COR2 data, we derive deprojected coronal mass ejection (CME) kinematics and CME &apos;'true'&apos; mass evolutions for a sample of 25 events that occurred during 2007 December to 2011 April. We develop a fitting function to describe the CME mass evolution with height. The function considers both the effect of the coronagraph occulter, at the beginning of the CME evolution, and an actual mass increase. The latter becomes important at about 10-15 R{sub Sun} and is assumed to mostly contribute up to 20 R{sub Sun }. The mass increase ranges from 2% to 6% per R{sub Sun} and is positively correlated to the total CME mass. Due to the combination of COR1 and COR2 mass measurements, we are able to estimate the &apos;'true'&apos; mass value for very low coronal heights (<3 R{sub Sun }). Based on the deprojected CME kinematics and initial ejected masses, we derive the kinetic energies and propelling forces acting on the CME in the low corona (<3 R{sub Sun }). The derived CME kinetic energies range between 1.0-66 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 23} J, and the forces range between 2.2-510 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} N.

  11. Singapore&apos;s double festival

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fraser, Gordon

    1990-01-01

    Coinciding with celebrations for the nation&apos;s 25th anniversary, the 25th International Conference on High Energy Physics, held in Singapore from 2-8 August, was itself a double festival, with the Standard Model of contemporary physics and CERN&apos;s new LEP electron-positron collider providing the twin themes

  12. Final report of phase 2 &apos;Mini-cogeneration in the flower bulb industry&apos;; Eindrapportage Fase 2 &apos;Mini-WKK in de bloembollensector&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koolwijk, E. [Cogen Projects, Driebergen-Rijsenburg (Netherlands); Smailbegovic, N. [SenterNovem, Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2009-09-15

    Phase 2 of the project &apos;mini-cogeneration in the flower bulb industry&apos; is the sequel to the report &apos;mini-cogeneration in the flower bulb industry. Use of cogeneration in the cultivation and hot bed of tulip and hyacinth&apos;, Addressing the incentivisation of the use of cogeneration in the sector and working toward realizing a number of demonstration projects. To this end it is necessary that potential investors are given insight in the feasibility of cogeneration at their business and that their enthusiasm is kindled for the use of cogeneration. This was done by disseminating information in the flower bulb industry about the opportunities of cogeneration and by informing growers about technique, economy and points of interest. [Dutch] Fase 2 van het project &apos;Mini- WKK in de bloembollensector&apos; is een vervolg op het rapport &apos;Mini-wkk in de bloembollensector. Toepassing van wkk bij teelt en broei van tulp en hyacint&apos; en richt zich op het stimuleren van de toepassing van WKK in de sector en toewerken naar realisatie van een aantal demonstratieprojecten. Daartoe is het noodzakelijk dat potentiele investeerders inzicht krijgen over de haalbaarheid van WKK op hun bedrijf en geenthousiasmeerd worden voor het gebruik van WKK. Dit is gedaan door informatie in de bollensector te verspreiden over de mogelijkheden van WKK en telers te informeren over techniek, economie en aandachtspunten.

  13. GAINING CONSENSUS: THE STORY OF &apos;&apos;OAK RIDGE TENNESSEE - A CITIZEN&apos;S GUIDE TO THE ENVIRONMENT&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Craig, Robert; Freeman, Jenny; Gawarecki, Susan L; Hardy, Parker; Kopp, Steve; Mulvenon, Norman A; Pardue, William; Sarno, Doug

    2003-02-27

    In 2001, a diverse group of citizens ranging from conservationists to industrial developers joined forces to produce a factual description of Oak Ridge&apos;s environment and the issues associated with contamination on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reservation. This consensus effort was a result of common values not generally seen in this spectrum of philosophies, and of shared concerns about rising property taxes, declining city services, fleeing retail establishments, and diminishing real estate values. These problems are attributed to waning local DOE budgets coupled with Oak Ridge&apos;s national reputation of being contaminated and unsafe. This undeserved reputation harms the city&apos;s ability to attract new industry to replace declining federal employment and to induce families to live in the community. Representatives from a spectrum of conservation, environmental, economic development, local government, and civic organizations were invited to meet regarding how to best explain the complex environmental story of Oak Ridge and the DOE reservation. This large group decided to publish a straightforward explanation of the environmental quality of the city and its relationship to the DOE reservation in easy-to-understand language. The result was Oak Ridge, Tennessee--A Citizen&apos;s Guide to the Environment, a 28-page glossy booklet, distributed through the Chamber of Commerce and other organizations. The Oak Ridger ensured wide distribution in the community by publishing it as an insert in the daily paper. The material is also available on several web sites. A trifold brochure summarizing and promoting the larger document was also produced for wider distribution. The integrity of the Citizen&apos;s Guide was ensured by having a six-member editorial team manage writing and review of the document. There was no direct involvement by the DOE and its contractor. Knowledgeable citizen writers from throughout the community contributed technical and descriptive

  14. From the &apos;Austrian Foundation for Atomic Energy Research&apos; to the &apos;Seibersdorf Laboratories&apos;

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rößner, M.

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is the description of the process of institutionalization of nuclear research in Austria in the context of the „Atoms for Peace“ program in the 1950s. This aspect of the history of Austrian nuclear research has been relatively unexplored. The focus of this work is the presentation of measures that have been put in Austria to participate in the &apos;Atoms for Peace&apos; program. Moreover, the expectations and goals of the Austrian nuclear program are analyzed. For this purpose, foundation, structure and research activities of the “Austrian Atomic Energy Commission”, the “Austrian Society for the Study of Atomic Energy” and the “Nuclear Reactor Centre Seibersdorf“ in the period from 1954 until about 1970 are examined. To establish a relationship with the international historical research of the history of nuclear research, the Austrian situation is compared to the Swiss and the German. It turns out that the Austrian expectations and objectives in nuclear research at the beginning of the period of observation roughly corresponded with the international trends. It also follows that by the establishment of the SGAE and the “Nuclear Reactor Centre Seibersdorf“ the development course of Austrian nuclear research occupied a special position compared to foreign institutions.(author) [de

  15. The role of bioenergy in the energy transition. The &apos;&apos;Smart Bioenergy&apos;&apos; concept

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thraen, Daniela; DBFZ Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum gGmbH, Leipzig; Seitz, Stefanie B.; Wirkner, Ronny; Nelles, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The energy system&apos;s transformation away from fossil and therefore finite resources and ecological harmful use towards renewable energy sources and sustainable forms of usage proceeds. But even after 35 years, the German energy transition has yet not reached its ambitious goals. Moreover, in the recent years the progress has stagnated in certain areas. This is due to the fact that one of the central challenges of the energy system&apos;s changeover to an sole use renewable energy (RE) have not yet mastered: the reliable and stable delivery of RE for all energy dependent sectors starting form electricity via heat to mobility in the face of fluctuating energy sources like sun and wind. Bioenergy with its flexible use of innovative technologies and smart integration in the overall system is therefore vital to grant stability of energy supply. Furthermore, bioenergy can recourse on sustainable resources and may become therefore the backbone of the future bioeconomy. For this purpose an integrative approach is necessary that aligns the aforementioned building blocks in a cohesive whole: the Smart Bioenergy concept - that will be presented here with its elements but also open questions and challenges.

  16. Report of study group 4.1 &apos;&apos;pipeline ageing and rehabilitation&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serena, L.

    2000-07-01

    This report describes the work on the subject &apos;pipeline ageing and rehabilitation&apos; carried out by the Study Group 4.1 and related to the triennium 1997 - 2000. The report is focused on ageing and rehabilitation of natural gas transmission pipelines and more in detail on the following topics: - Definition of pipeline ageing; - Different ageing elements; - Main causes of ageing; - Inspections and monitoring; - Repair methods on ageing pipelines; - Programmes and strategies for pipeline maintenance and rehabilitation. The report includes the state of the art of the different techniques used to assess pipeline ageing such as pig inspection, landslide areas monitoring as well as advanced monitoring methods used nowadays by pipeline operators; a clarification of the concepts for different maintenance approaches is also presented. In addition the report gives some information regarding repair methods in use, the methodologies to evaluate the defects and the philosophy on which each repair system is based. The remaining topics deal with the strategies of pipelines and coating rehabilitation, locus the attention in the economical and technical considerations also beyond the ageing concept and describe in details the main causes of ageing as indicated by operators. A questionnaire on these topics was in fact distributed and the obtained results are included in this report. (author)

  17. Germany steps up pressure on Fessenheim, but is the &apos;Energiewende&apos; all-knowing?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shepherd, John [nuclear 24, Brighton (United Kingdom)

    2015-04-15

    Politics of course has more than its fair share of those who know everything and do their best not to let get the facts get in the way where inconvenient truths risk destroying their &apos;'Besserwisser'&apos; illusions. An example of this is a letter from Germany&apos;s federal environment minister Barbara Hendricks to her French counterpart Segolene Royal. The subject of the letter was the closure of France&apos;s Fessenheim nuclear power plant. The content of the letter appears to show that, not content with stamping out the use of nuclear energy in Germany and all the knowledge and industrial expertise that goes with it, Germany seems intent on imposing its point of view onto its neighbour. Hendricks acknowledges that any decisions relating to Fessenheim are for France alone as a sovereign nation. But, if that is the case, why bother to write the letter in the first place? In reply Royal, a prominent French Socialist, stresses French president Francois Hollande&apos;s desire to close Fessenheim before his term of office draws to a close. Royal also noted that it is up to France&apos;s nuclear operator, EDF, to &apos;&apos;define which reactors are removed from the grid&apos;&apos;. It is also amusing to read Royal&apos;s comment that the fact Fessenheim can be closed at all is largely due to the construction of replacement nuclear capacity at Flamanville, in northern France. Surely that irony could not have been lost on Germany&apos;s environment ministry.

  18. Germany steps up pressure on Fessenheim, but is the &apos;Energiewende&apos; all-knowing?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shepherd, John

    2015-01-01

    Politics of course has more than its fair share of those who know everything and do their best not to let get the facts get in the way where inconvenient truths risk destroying their &apos;'Besserwisser'&apos; illusions. An example of this is a letter from Germany&apos;s federal environment minister Barbara Hendricks to her French counterpart Segolene Royal. The subject of the letter was the closure of France&apos;s Fessenheim nuclear power plant. The content of the letter appears to show that, not content with stamping out the use of nuclear energy in Germany and all the knowledge and industrial expertise that goes with it, Germany seems intent on imposing its point of view onto its neighbour. Hendricks acknowledges that any decisions relating to Fessenheim are for France alone as a sovereign nation. But, if that is the case, why bother to write the letter in the first place? In reply Royal, a prominent French Socialist, stresses French president Francois Hollande&apos;s desire to close Fessenheim before his term of office draws to a close. Royal also noted that it is up to France&apos;s nuclear operator, EDF, to &apos;&apos;define which reactors are removed from the grid&apos;&apos;. It is also amusing to read Royal&apos;s comment that the fact Fessenheim can be closed at all is largely due to the construction of replacement nuclear capacity at Flamanville, in northern France. Surely that irony could not have been lost on Germany&apos;s environment ministry.

  19. The effect of the ApoE genotype on the association between head circumference and cognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kyung Ran; Lee, Kang Soo; Kim, Eun A; Cheong, Hae-Kwan; Oh, Byoung Hoon; Hong, Chang Hyung

    2008-10-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the ApoE genotype on the association between head circumference (HC) and cognition. Cross-sectional factorial design in which Korean version of Mini Mental State Examination (K-MMSE) score was the dependent variable with ApoE4 status as one factor and HC as the other. A longitudinal cohort study of the Korea Health 21 R&D Project Clinical Research Center for Dementia. A total of 1,902 Koreans (599 men and 1303 women) aged over 60 years. Cognitive function was assessed by the K-MMSE. HC and ApoE genotyping were carried out on all subjects. The HC was correlated with the K-MMSE scores (r = 0.22, df = 1,525, p MMSE was observed after adjusting for the age, sex, educational level, height, and weight (F = 2.527, df = 4, 1, 364, p = 0.039). A test of simple main effect according to ApoE status showed that, in the ApoE epsilon 4(-) group, the mean of K-MMSE between HC quintile was not different (F = 0.517, df = 4, 1,148, p = 0.723). But in the ApoE epsilon 4(+) group, the mean of K-MMSE between HC quintile was significantly different. (F = 4.163, df = 4, 211, p = 0.003). All these findings suggest the possibility that the presence of ApoE epsilon 4 affects cognitive function only when the brain reserve is low. In other words, these findings support the structural "brain reserve hypothesis," and the effects are more pronounced in genetically predisposed individuals.

  20. Supplemental report on cost estimates&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-04-29

    The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers have completed an analysis of the Department of Energy&apos;s (DOE) Fiscal Year (FY) 1993 budget request for its Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (ERWM) program. The results were presented to an interagency review group (IAG) of senior-Administration officials for their consideration in the budget process. This analysis included evaluations of the underlying legal requirements and cost estimates on which the ERWM budget request was based. The major conclusions are contained in a separate report entitled, &apos;&apos;Interagency Review of the Department of Energy Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Program.&apos;&apos; This Corps supplemental report provides greater detail on the cost analysis.

  1. European Union&apos;s environmental strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fitoussi, Jean-Paul; Laurent, Eloi; Le Cacheux, Jacques

    2007-01-01

    Environmental policy is an art of execution. Hence the fact that European Union member states have recently managed to agree on targets of emissions to fight climate change leaves open the question of how they will meet them. Economics cannot but embrace the scientific consensus on climate change and cannot say much about the efficiency of alternative technologies. Yet, its expertise is valuable to calculate economic effects and fairness of policies and to assess the relevance of incentives structures and effectiveness of institutions put into place to convert scientific consensus into action. This article is concerned with this latter point: does the EU have the right institutions to fight climate change? We claim that such is not the case, and offer to institute a &apos;European Community of Environment, Energy and Research&apos; to go forward. Initially published in &apos;Revue de l&apos;OFCE&apos; No. 102

  2. Technical and quality requisites (RTC&apos;s) &apos;a data architecture&apos;; Requisitos tecnicos y de calidad (RTC&apos; s) &apos;una arquitectura de datos&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Munoz G, R.; Jimenez R, B.; Ahedo A, S. [ININ, 52750 La Marquesa, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)]. e-mail: rmg@nuclear.inin.mx

    2007-07-01

    The RTC&apos;s are notes of technical and of quality requisites that the CLV emits, according to validity procedures of the Nuclear power station, to specify purchasing requisites of equipment with quality assurance category. This document contains a description of the computer program application RTC&apos;s, elaborated by the ININ for the CLV that allows to capture and to process the information of a database whose purpose is to facilitate the elaboration of the RTC&apos;s. Details of its development process are included. (Author)

  3. QUALIDADE DE GOIABAS ‘PEDRO SATO’ EM FUNÇÃO DE TRATAMENTOS ALTERNATIVOS EM PÓS-COLHEITA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIA CECÍLIA DE ARRUDA PALHARINI

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de produtos alternativos e termoterapia, isoladamente e em associação, na qualidade físico-química e no controle das podridões de goiabas ‘Pedro Sato’. Inicialmente, foi avaliado o efeito dos tratamentos em pós-colheita com cloreto de cálcio, fosfito de potássio, 1-metilciclopropeno (1-MCP, fécula de mandioca, etanol seguido de cloro (etanol+cloro e termoterapia, durante oito dias de armazenamento dos frutos a 22ºC. Em uma segunda etapa, quatro tratamentos foram selecionados (fécula de mandioca, 1-MCP, termoterapia e etanol+cloro e avaliados em associação de dois, aplicados de forma sequencial, durante oito dias de armazenamento dos frutos a 25ºC. Os tratamentos 1-MCP e fécula foram os mais eficazes em manter a qualidade físico-química das goiabas ‘Pedro Sato’, retardando a perda de massa, a mudança de coloração da casca e contribuindo para a retenção da firmeza. Constatou-se maior redução de frutos com podridão nos tratamentos com termoterapia, fécula de mandioca e 1-MCP. As associações de tratamento com 1-MCP/fécula de mandioca e termoterapia/fécula foram os tratamentos mais eficazes em manter a qualidade das goiabas ‘Pedro Sato’, retardando a perda de massa, a mudança de coloração da casca e a redução da firmeza. As associações de tratamento reduziram a ocorrência de podridões, com destaque para os tratamentos com etanol+cloro/termoterapia e termoterapia/fécula, que foram mais eficientes até o quarto dia de armazenamento. Observou-se correlação entre a incidência de podridões e os parâmetros cor da casca e firmeza da polpa para a maioria das associações de tratamentos. De maneira geral, recomenda-se o tratamento com termoterapia/fécula para goiabas armazenadas a 22-25ºC, como forma de manutenção da qualidade físico-química e atrasando em, pelo menos, dois dias os sintomas de podridões.

  4. Reduction of NO{sub x} emissions from the combustion of hard coals &apos;'RENOX'&apos;; Reduccion de Emisiones de NO{sub x} en la combustion de Carbones Antracitosos &apos;'RENOX'&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The present project, whose abbreviated name is RENOX, has the aim of reducing NO{sub x} emissions from the combustion of hard coals or coals with low volatile matter contents. It is applied to the combustion of these coals in arc boilers (or &apos;'U'&apos; boilers), where the necessary combination of long presence times and high hearth temperatures facilitates the high NO{sub x} levels reached. The intended reduction in emissions is approached through the application of primary combustion measures, also known as adjustment or refining of combustion. This solution is adopted for two reasons: due to its efficiency in environmental and economic terms, and because it is an unavoidable step if the levels to be attained require the installation of specific gas crubbing systems (secondary measures). The practical nature of RENOX has led to the development of the project in two phases, corresponding to two logical stages: phase 1, associated with the RNA project, on the characterization of emissions and combustion, complex numeric modelling of flows inside the boiler, and determination of the viability and scope of the optimization of emissions, and phase 2, the OPTINOXproject, which follows the methodology and lessons of the first phase and, as a natural continuation of this, deals with the design, development, manufacturing and validation of a computerized system that processes real time data on the boiler where it is installed to monitor, supervise and control the commercial operation of the plant, optimizing its combustion efficiency and/or NO{sub x} emissions. The practical objective of this project is represented by the construction of a validated prototype to demonstrate the OPTINOX system, which is capable of determining operating and control strategies that can minimize NO{sub x} emissions without unfavourably affecting the productivity and specific consumption of the units. Phase 1 development activities took place in groups 3, 4 and 5 of Compostilla

  5. Workshop &apos;&apos;actual data processing supported applications in the area of soil protection and contaminated sites&apos;&apos;; Workshop &apos;&apos;Aktuelle DV-gestuetzte Anwendungen im Bodenschutz- und Altlastenbereich&apos;&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mathews, Jeannette; Frauenstein, Joerg; Mahrle, Sabine (comps.)

    2011-05-15

    Within the 5th workshop at the Federal Environment Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) from 28th to 29th September, 2010, the following lectures were held: (1) Information systems for the contaminated site management in Baden-Wuerttemberg (I. Blankenhorn); (2) SALKA 7 - A web based solution for a central data handling of the Saxonian register of contaminated sites (S. Gruhne); (3) Information system (ABuDIS) for contaminated sites, soil conservation and disposal sites in the Free State of Bavaria - Experiences from the project &apos;Data quality&apos; (O. Klammer); (4) Environmental specimen bank - Web interface (M. Ruether); (5) Biocides in the Web - A portal for the publicity (G. Minx); (6) INSPIRE - Thematic work group (TWG) Appendix III Soil (S. Marahrens); (6) INSPIRE - State of the art, requirements (R. Baritz); (7) Requirements for the interoperability of soil data from the view of the Federal Environment Agency (F. Hilliges); (8) Implementation of the PortalU-Software in the European context - The project GS Soil (K. Feiden); (9) What is offered by PRTR - Pollutant Release and Transfer Register? (E. Six); (10) GSBL - Application for web recherche (B. Liebscher); (11) New Web Map Service for ground water background values (B. Wagner); (12) Visualized information on contaminated sites - A status (J. Frauenstein); (13) Utilization of industrial wastelands - An idea makes soil good. A project of BAFU for revitalization of industrial wastelands (K. Schenk); (14) Information on the status of ground water for the governmental real estates (H.-O. Zintz); (15) Application of data processing procedures of the artificial intelligence on an area-based representation of pollutant contents in settlement areas (T. Hertwig).

  6. From electric networks to &apos;Smart grids&apos;

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hadjsaid, Nourredine; Sabonnadiere, Jean-Claude

    2015-12-01

    After decades of slow evolutions, and because of the emergence of renewable energies and of a multiplication of actors due to the liberalisation of energy markets, electric networks are entering a phase of large and complex development which will lead to a massive introduction of intelligence and to the building up of the &apos;smart grid&apos; concept. The authors first identify the characteristics of the new energetic paradigm. The present operation of electric grids is based on four components: production by means of high power units installed in strategic locations, transport to consumption centres by means of a highly instrumented transport network which has highly centralised and hierarchical management, and consumers who are passive actors. They comment the implications of recent development for these three components. They describe how information and communication technologies (ICT) are used at the service of the grid, and how new technologies are integrated in different instruments (smart counter, actuators, fast cut devices, sensors, advanced supervision and control functions). Then they discuss the definition of a smart network or smart grid, the objectives it allows to be reached for energy transport as well as energy distribution. They discuss the desirable evolution of distribution networks and their technical objectives. Then, they give an overview of the various involved actors (consumers, network managers, electric equipment manufacturers, energy producers, and so on), evokes bodies and institutions involved in research on smart grids (notably in Grenoble within the INPG), give some examples of innovative concepts which are now being developed (intelligence distribution, virtual central station, grid monitoring, re-configurable grid, smart building). They also identify scientific and technological deadlocks, and outline the challenge of preparing the needed abilities for the development of smart grids

  7. Glymphatic distribution of CSF-derived apoE into brain is isoform specific and suppressed during sleep deprivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achariyar, Thiyagaragan M; Li, Baoman; Peng, Weiguo; Verghese, Philip B; Shi, Yang; McConnell, Evan; Benraiss, Abdellatif; Kasper, Tristan; Song, Wei; Takano, Takahiro; Holtzman, David M; Nedergaard, Maiken; Deane, Rashid

    2016-12-08

    Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a major carrier of cholesterol and essential for synaptic plasticity. In brain, it's expressed by many cells but highly expressed by the choroid plexus and the predominant apolipoprotein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The role of apoE in the CSF is unclear. Recently, the glymphatic system was described as a clearance system whereby CSF and ISF (interstitial fluid) is exchanged via the peri-arterial space and convective flow of ISF clearance is mediated by aquaporin 4 (AQP4), a water channel. We reasoned that this system also serves to distribute essential molecules in CSF into brain. The aim was to establish whether apoE in CSF, secreted by the choroid plexus, is distributed into brain, and whether this distribution pattern was altered by sleep deprivation. We used fluorescently labeled lipidated apoE isoforms, lenti-apoE3 delivered to the choroid plexus, immunohistochemistry to map apoE brain distribution, immunolabeled cells and proteins in brain, Western blot analysis and ELISA to determine apoE levels and radiolabeled molecules to quantify CSF inflow into brain and brain clearance in mice. Data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA or Student's t- test. We show that the glymphatic fluid transporting system contributes to the delivery of choroid plexus/CSF-derived human apoE to neurons. CSF-delivered human apoE entered brain via the perivascular space of penetrating arteries and flows radially around arteries, but not veins, in an isoform specific manner (apoE2 > apoE3 > apoE4). Flow of apoE around arteries was facilitated by AQP4, a characteristic feature of the glymphatic system. ApoE3, delivered by lentivirus to the choroid plexus and ependymal layer but not to the parenchymal cells, was present in the CSF, penetrating arteries and neurons. The inflow of CSF, which contains apoE, into brain and its clearance from the interstitium were severely suppressed by sleep deprivation compared to the sleep state. Thus, choroid plexus

  8. LXR agonist increases apoE secretion from HepG2 spheroid, together with an increased production of VLDL and apoE-rich large HDL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koike Kazuhiko

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The physiological regulation of hepatic apoE gene has not been clarified, although the expression of apoE in adipocytes and macrophages has been known to be regulated by LXR. Methods and Results We investigated the effect of TO901317, a LXR agonist, on hepatic apoE production utilizing HepG2 cells cultured in spheroid form, known to be more differentiated than HepG2 cells in monolayer culture. Spheroid HepG2 cells were prepared in alginate-beads. The secretions of albumin, apoE and apoA-I from spheroid HepG2 cells were significantly increased compared to those from monolayer HepG2 cells, and these increases were accompanied by increased mRNA levels of apoE and apoA-I. Several nuclear receptors including LXRα also became abundant in nuclear fractions in spheroid HepG2 cells. Treatment with TO901317 significantly increased apoE protein secretion from spheroid HepG2 cells, which was also associated with the increased expression of apoE mRNA. Separation of the media with FPLC revealed that the production of apoE-rich large HDL particles were enhanced even at low concentration of TO901317, and at higher concentration of TO901317, production of VLDL particles increased as well. Conclusions LXR activation enhanced the expression of hepatic apoE, together with the alteration of lipoprotein particles produced from the differentiated hepatocyte-derived cells. HepG2 spheroids might serve as a good model of well-differentiated human hepatocytes for future investigations of hepatic lipid metabolism.

  9. Vaporização a laser do cervix para tratamento da neoplasia intraepitelial cervical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Euridice Maria de Almeida Figueiredo

    Full Text Available O câncer cérvico-uterino é muito comum em vários países da América Latina. As estatísticas de mortalidade e as taxas de incidência demonstram a sua real importância. O cânver cérvico-uterino freqüentemente é uma doença progressiva iniciada com mudanças intra-epiteliais, que podem se transformar em um processo invasivo, sendo o nosso objetivo tratar precocemente estas lesões quando ainda é possível a cura de 100%. Em nosso estudo prospectivo foram selecionadas 21 pacientes com neoplasia cervical intra-epitelial reatreadas pela citplogia e diagnosticadas pela histopatologia após biópsia dirigida pela colposcopia. O método terapêutico empregado foi a vaporização a laser com o CO2. Tiveram como pré-requisito os seguintes critérios: informação segura pela colposcopia da zona de transformação e afastar a presença de câncer invasivo; a neoplasia epitelial cervical deve ocupar a ectocervix sem nenhuma extensão para o canal cervical e correlação positiva entre a citologia, colposcopia e histologia. O uso de laser CO2 com microscópio permitiu precisão na aplicação e com vantagens de ser um procedimento ambulatorial diminuindo estresse cirúrgico das pacientes. Foi realizado sem anestesia e com duração média de 15 minutos. A cicatrização completou-se em torno de três semanas e com cuidados operatórios mínimos. Somente dois casos tiveram sangramento vaginal discreto no quinto e décimo dia de pós-operatório, resolvido com tamponamento vaginal por 24 horas. A colposcopia, cirurgia e o seguimento foram feitos pelo autor, tendo uma paciente sido submetida a uma segunda vaporização no quinto mês de controle. Somente uma paciente teve recidiva no 26° mês de seguimento e complementará o tratamento. As vinte outras restantes estão em controle sem recidiva de doença. Em vista dos resultados obtivemos um percentual de cura de 95%, que coincide com a literatura. O uso de laser CO2 no tratamento das neoplasias

  10. Assessment report of research and development activities FY2014. Activity: &apos;Advanced science research&apos; (Final report)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-09-01

    Japan Atomic Energy Agency (hereinafter referred to as &apos;JAEA&apos;) consulted an assessment committee, &apos;Evaluation Committee of Research Activities for Advanced Science Research&apos; (hereinafter referred to as &apos;Committee&apos;) for final evaluation and prior assessment of &apos;Advanced Science Research,&apos; in accordance with &apos;General Guideline for the Evaluation of Government Research and Development (R and D) Activities&apos; by Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, &apos;Guideline for Evaluation of R and D in Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology&apos; and &apos;Regulation on Conduct for Evaluation of R and D Activities&apos; by JAEA. In response to the JAEA&apos;s request, the Committee assessed the research programs and activities of the Advanced Science Research Center (hereinafter referred to as &apos;ASRC&apos;) for the period of five years from April 2010 and the research programs from April 2015. The Committee evaluated the management and the research programs of the ASRC based on the explanatory documents prepared by the ASRC and the oral presentations with questions-and-answers by the Director and the research group leaders. This report summarizes the results of the assessment by the Committee with the Committee report attached. (author)

  11. Solar campaign &apos;Solar - na klar.&apos; (solar - of course). Final report; Solarkampagne &apos;Solar - na klar.&apos;. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gege, M.; Kleinsteuber, A.; Krabbe, P.; Kroeger, P.; Maschke, K.; Niedert, S.; Schindelmann, F.; Thunert, A.; Weinberg, H.

    2002-03-18

    The German market for technically matured solar-thermal systems for generating hot water is growing by 20 per cent per year, with some deviations due to incentive policies. This growth can be and is planned to be increased systematically, with following goals: A practical contribution to the Federal Government&apos;s efforts to achieve the goals regarding the protection of climate; creating future-oriented jobs; supporting ecologically sustainable ways of life and models of consumption by convincing the consumers and other target groups of the fact that it makes sense already today to start utilizing solar energy and to invest also on private basis. These targets are expected to be set up with the help of a three-year mass campaign (1999 until 2001), i.e. the campaign called &apos;&apos;Solar - na klar.&apos;&apos; (solar - of course). [German] Der deutsche Markt fuer die technisch ausgereiften solarthermischen Anlagen zur Warmwassererzeugung waechst mit ca. 20% p.a., mit foerderpolitisch bedingten Schwankungen. Dieses Wachstum kann und soll systematisch gesteigert werden, mit folgenden Zielsetzungen: Praktischer Beitrag zur Erreichung der Klimaschutzziele der Bundesregierung; Schaffung zukunftsorientierter Arbeitsplaetze; Befoerderung oekologisch nachhaltiger Lebensstile und Konsummuster durch die Ueberzeugung der Verbraucher und weiterer Zielgruppen, dass es heute bereits sinnvoll ist, in die Nutzung der Solarenergie konkret einzusteigen und auch privat zu investieren. Diese Ziele sollen mithilfe einer auf drei Jahre angelegten Breitenkampagne (1999 bis 2001), d.h. der Kampagne &apos;Solar - na klar.&apos; erfolgen. (orig.)

  12. LIMITS ON QUAOAR&apos;S ATMOSPHERE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fraser, Wesley C.; Gwyn, Stephen; Kavelaars, J. J. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 W. Saanich Rd. Victoria, BCV9E 2E7 (Canada); Trujillo, Chad; Stephens, Andrew W. [Gemini Observatory, Northern Operations Center, 670 N A' ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Gimeno, German [Gemini Observatory, Southern Operations Center, c/o AURA, Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile); Brown, Michael E., E-mail: wesley.fraser@nrc.ca [California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States)

    2013-09-10

    Here we present high cadence photometry taken by the Acquisition Camera on Gemini South, of a close passage by the {approx}540 km radius Kuiper belt object, (50000) Quaoar, of a r&apos; = 20.2 background star. Observations before and after the event show that the apparent impact parameter of the event was 0.&apos;&apos;019 {+-} 0.&apos;&apos;004, corresponding to a close approach of 580 {+-} 120 km to the center of Quaoar. No signatures of occultation by either Quaoar&apos;s limb or its potential atmosphere are detectable in the relative photometry of Quaoar and the target star, which were unresolved during closest approach. From this photometry we are able to put constraints on any potential atmosphere Quaoar might have. Using a Markov chain Monte Carlo and likelihood approach, we place pressure upper limits on sublimation supported, isothermal atmospheres of pure N{sub 2}, CO, and CH{sub 4}. For N{sub 2} and CO, the upper limit surface pressures are 1 and 0.7 {mu}bar, respectively. The surface temperature required for such low sublimation pressures is {approx}33 K, much lower than Quaoar&apos;s mean temperature of {approx}44 K measured by others. We conclude that Quaoar cannot have an isothermal N{sub 2} or CO atmosphere. We cannot eliminate the possibility of a CH{sub 4} atmosphere, but place upper surface pressure and mean temperature limits of {approx}138 nbar and {approx}44 K, respectively.

  13. Tratamento dos transtornos do comportamento de pacientes com demência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamai Sérgio

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available No curso da demência, transtornos não-cognitivos comportamentais são altamente prevalentes. Esses sintomas psicológicos e comportamentais da demência (SPCD são mais importantes no dia-a-dia do que os déficits cognitivos, tanto para o paciente quanto para o cuidador, em termos de angústia e incapacitação causadas. Os SPCD freqüentemente levam à institucionalização. O raciocínio para o uso de drogas psicotrópicas está parcialmente baseado nas semelhanças fenomenológicas entre alguns comportamentos observados em pacientes idosos dementados e sinais e sintomas de transtornos psiquiátricos, como os transtornos depressivos, psicóticos ou ansiosos, em pacientes não-dementados. Na realidade, os SPCD são, com freqüência, qualitativamente diferentes daqueles que caracterizam os transtornos psicóticos, depressivos ou ansiosos. Os estudos de seguimento de tratamento sugerem que as drogas antipsicóticas são menos eficazes em pacientes com doença de Alzheimer ou demência de lobo frontal do que em pacientes com transtornos psiquiátricos. Abordagens não-farmacológicas são a primeira escolha no tratamento dos SPCD. Os inibidores da colinesterase no tratamento dos SPCD na doença de Alzheimer e na demência cortical difusa por corpos de Lewi representam uma abordagem terapêutica promissora.

  14. Diferentes tratamentos de sementes sobre o desenvolvimento de plantas de soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Pereira da Cunha

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A cada ano são descobertos e utilizados novos produtos para o tratamento de sementesna cultura da soja (Glycine maxL. Merril, visando aumentos de produção. Há a necessidade de conhecer a influência desses produtos sobre o desenvolvimento das plantas, a fim de obter sucesso na atividade. O objetivo do experimento foi avaliar o efeito de principais produtos aplicados via tratamento de sementes, sobre a morfologia de plantas de soja, em diferentes fases de desenvolvimento da cultura, bem como, sobre os componentes do rendimento e produtividade. Os produtos utilizados foram: tiametoxan; [abamectina+tiametoxan + fludioxonil]; [fipronil + tiofanatometilico + piraclostrobina]; [imidacloprido + tiodicarbe]; CruiserAdvanced(r; carboxamida; abamectina; [metalaxyl-M + fludioxonil]; além da testemunha sem tratamento. Na primeira etapa, avaliou-se a qualidade fisiológica das sementes tratadas. Posteriormente, avaliou-se o crescimento inicial aos 15, 30 e 45dias após a emergência. Na terceira etapa, avaliaram-se características agronômicas e componentes de rendimento. O delineamento experimental utilizado para os testes fisiológicos das sementes foi inteiramente casualizado e para as determinações de desenvolvimento inicial e de final de ciclo, blocos ao acaso. Para análise estatística, utilizou-se o programa SASM-Agri. Concluiu-se que a mistura de ingredientes ativos inseticidas e fungicidas prejudica o desenvolvimento inicial das plântulas de soja. Aos 45 dias após a emergência, há efeito positivo dos produtos tiametoxan, [abamectina + tiametoxan + fludioxonil], CruiserAdvanced(r e [metalaxyl-M + fludioxonil] sobre o crescimento, porém este estímulo não se reflete na produção final.

  15. &apos;Micromorph&apos; solar cells; &apos;Mikromorphe&apos; Solarzellen, basierend auf amorphem und mikrokristallinem Silizium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shah, A.

    2000-07-01

    This report on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) describes the achievements made in a project carried out at the Institute of Microelectronics (IMT) in Neuchatel, Switzerland. The project, whose goal was to demonstrate the potential of tandem cells consisting of a combination of micro-crystalline and amorphous solar cells, has spawned world-wide interest and also initiated much research into the use of VHF-GD (Very High Frequency Glow-discharge) techniques to deposit thin films. Individual results achieved at IMT including those from investigations into micro-crystalline structures and textures and their absorption enhancement effects, electronic transport, improvement of open-circuit voltage, deposition rates, patterning techniques and increasing stabilised efficiencies are listed. A first Micromorph 23.6 cm{sup 2} mini-module using an integrated electric series connection concept is mentioned and advances in the IMT&apos;s infrastructure and facilities are described.

  16. Tratamento das pneumonias adquiridas na comunidade na criança

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Fernanda; Lemos, Luís

    2014-01-01

    ResumoObjectivos - Avaliar a efectividade da terapêutica com amoxicilina nas pneumonias adquiridas na comunidade (PAC), admitidas no nosso Serviço de Urgência (SU), no contexto de um país em que o S. pneumoniae apresenta níveis relativamente elevados de resistência à Penicilina. Análise do impacto de propostas de tratamento anteriormente efectuadas.Material e métodos – Durante 6 meses (Outubro de 2004 a Março de 2005) foram avaliadas prospectivamente todas as crianças com PAC admitidas no SU....

  17. DIREITO AGRÁRIO E O TRATAMENTO DOS CONTRATOS AGRÁRIOS ATÍPICOS

    OpenAIRE

    Fabrício Pinto Weiblen; Marcelo Scherer da Silva; Tarso Wayhs Tech; José Fernando Lutz Coelho

    2012-01-01

    Aborda a necessidade de um tratamento adequado e diferenciado aos contratos agrários atípicos em face das complexas relações que se desenvolvem no meio rural atualmente. Apresenta ainda uma visão crítica a respeito das características e aplicabilidade da legislação agrária no cenário jurídico e propõe alternativas com o objetivo de uma prestação mais eficiente do Direito Agrário na área contratual.

  18. Psicoterapia interpessoal no tratamento da perturbação depressiva maior

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas, Catarina Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    A terapia interpessoal é um modelo de terapia breve formulado para o tratamento da perturbação depressiva maior, tendo como precursores Gerald Klerman e Mirna Weissman. Esta visa o alívio dos sintomas associados à depressão abordando os problemas interpessoais que os originaram e perpetuam. Esta modalidade de terapia refere as perturbações como resultantes da existência de problemas numa das quatro áreas interpessoais principais: luto, transição de papéis, disputas de papéis interpessoais e d...

  19. Atividade física : um complemento a considerar no tratamento da depressão

    OpenAIRE

    Reis, Joana Sofia Mesquita da Silva

    2012-01-01

    Introdução: A Depressão é uma psicopatologia multifatorial, incapacitante e com elevados custos económicos e emocionais, cuja etiologia ainda não está totalmente esclarecida. A sua incidência tem aumentado ao longo das últimas décadas e apesar das estratégias utilizadas no seu tratamento, nomeadamente a farmacoterapia e a psicoterapia, as recaídas são elevadas e as taxas de remissão são baixas. Com o intuito de contrariar este cenário, muito se tem pesquisado na tentativa de esclarecer a sua ...

  20. Resultado do tratamento cirúrgico das neoplasias do seio piriforme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costa Claudiney C.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Os tumores da laringe e hipofaringe apresentam alta incidência no Brasil, sendo o sexto sítio mais comum entre os tumores malignos no sexo masculino. O diagnóstico inicial geralmente é realizado com lesões em estadio clínicos avançados diminuindo o sucesso do tratamento instituído. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a evolução de 60 pacientes com carcinoma epidermóide de seio piriforme, considerando tratamento instituído, complicações e sobrevida estimada em 5 anos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Estudo retrospectivo. MÉTODO: Os testes estatístico utilizados foram o método de Kaplan-Meier e o teste exato de Fisher. RESULTADOS: Dos 60 pacientes, 43 foram submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico seguido de radioterapia. Atualmente 27,9% estão vivos sem doença, 11,6% vivos com doença, 9,4% mortos sem doença, 34,8% mortos com doença e perda de seguimento de 16,3%. A complicação pós-operatória mais freqüente foi a fístula cutânea. A recidiva local ocorreu em 5 pacientes, regional em 6, loco-regional em 3 e metástase à distância em 6. Não houve correlação entre margem cirúrgica comprometida e sobrevida em 20 pacientes com recidiva tumoral (Teste de Fisher. Aplicando a curva de sobrevida atuarial pelo método Kaplan-Meier, obtivemos média de sobrevida em 5 anos de 23,2 meses. CONCLUSÃO: A principal complicação pós-operatória foi a fístula cutânea, sendo tratada clinicamente. A margem cirúrgica comprometida não alterou o prognóstico, apesar de ser sempre um dos princípios da cirurgia oncológica. A principal falha no tratamento foi a recidiva locorregional. A curva de sobrevida atuarial (Kaplan-Meier em cinco anos apresentou média de 23,2 meses.

  1. Alternativas para tratamento cl??nico e nutricional para diab??ticas gestantes

    OpenAIRE

    Coelho, Narayane de Lima

    2011-01-01

    A presen??a de diabetes mellitus durante a gesta????o torna a gravidez de risco. Estima-se que em 2030 o n??mero de diab??ticos atingir?? 366 milh??es, acometendo 11,3 milh??es de brasileiros. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma revis??o sobre os tratamentos cl??nicos e nutricionais mais recentes para diab??ticas que se encontram gestantes. Foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliogr??fica utilizando as bases de dados SCIELO, PUBMED e LILACS para identificar artigos relevantes, publicados ent...

  2. Indução de mania durante o tratamento com antidepressivos no transtorno bipolar

    OpenAIRE

    Tamada Renata S; Lafer Beny

    2003-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: Realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre a mania induzida por antidepressivos, sua incidência, quadro clínico, fatores de risco e tratamento. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um levantamento no Medline dos artigos publicados entre 1970 e 2001. Foram incluídos estudos abertos e controlados bem como relatos de caso com casuística maior que cinco pacientes. RESULTADOS: Mania induzida e mania espontânea parecem ter apresentações clínicas distintas, sendo a mania induzida mais leve e breve. Os fa...

  3. Tratamento da anemia ferropriva com ferro por via parenteral Iron deficiency anemia treatment with parenteral iron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo D. Cançado

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Embora o ferro por via oral seja considerado a primeira opção de tratamento da deficiência de ferro, em algumas situações específicas, a administração de ferro por via parenteral é uma opção terapêutica que deve ser considerada. Diferentemente do ferro dextran de alto peso molecular utilizado na década de 80 e lembrado como um composto associado ao alto risco de reação anafilática e morte, o desenvolvimento e comercialização de novos compostos com ferro para uso parenteral, sobretudo por via endovenosa - como o ferro sacarato, ferro gluconato e, mais recentemente, a carboximaltose férrica - , tem se tornado cada vez mais uma alternativa terapêutica segura e efetiva, e tem possibilitado ampliar o leque de indicações desta modalidade de tratamento além da nefrologia, como obstetrícia e ginecologia, cirurgia, pediatria, gastroenterologia, hematologia e hemoterapia. Os autores revisam as principais indicações do tratamento com ferro por via parenteral, analisam as principais drogas disponíveis para a correção da anemia ferropriva por via endovenosa e propõem uma estratégia de investigação diagnóstica, tratamento e seguimento laboratorial dos pacientes com indicação desta opção terapêutica.Although oral iron is generally considered the first choice in the treatment of iron deficiency, in some specific situations, parenteral iron administration is a therapeutic option that should be considered. Different to the high-molecular-weight iron dextran utilized in the eighties and remembered as a compound associated with a high risk of anaphylaxis and death, the development and marketing of newer preparations for parenteral, in particular endovenous, administration, such as iron sucrose, ferric gluconate and more recently ferric carboxymaltose, are becoming a more effective and safe therapeutic alternative, that have extended the range of indications beyond nephrology to obstetrics and gynecology, surgery, pediatrics

  4. O uso do tamoxifeno no tratamento de quelóides

    OpenAIRE

    César Magno G. Macena; Danilo Estevam P. Ávila; Carlos Alberto Mattar; Elias E. Zakzuk Daguer; Rogério de Oliveira Ruiz; Mário Jorge Warde Filho

    2007-01-01

    É sabido que a sobrevivência de pacientes vítimas de queimaduras tem aumentado significativamente devido aos avanços no tratamento da fase aguda. Como conseqüência, a quantidade de pacientes apresentando seqüelas também aumentou. O propósito deste estudo foi avaliar a melhora na qualidade de vida de pacientes com cicatrizes hipertróficas resultantes de queimaduras ou após enxertos de pele, através da redução do estigma causado por estas cicatrizes. Várias abordagens têm sido descritas para pr...

  5. A Rosa Mosqueta no tratamento de feridas abertas: uma revisão

    OpenAIRE

    Santos,Joyce Silva dos; Vieira,Ana Beatriz Duarte; Kamada,Ivone

    2009-01-01

    Trata-se de uma revisão de literatura sobre os principais trabalhos científicos publicados nas últimas duas décadas acerca das propriedades medicinais da Rosa Mosqueta, especialmente no tratamento de feridas abertas. O objetivo é reunir informações que demonstrem, mediante evidências científicas e empíricas, a importância da medicina tradicional quanto ao uso da Rosa Mosqueta em diversas aplicações clínicas. Este estudo caracteriza-se como uma compilação de informações significativas sobre a ...

  6. DIREITO AGRÁRIO E O TRATAMENTO DOS CONTRATOS AGRÁRIOS ATÍPICOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício Pinto Weiblen

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Aborda a necessidade de um tratamento adequado e diferenciado aos contratos agrários atípicos em face das complexas relações que se desenvolvem no meio rural atualmente. Apresenta ainda uma visão crítica a respeito das características e aplicabilidade da legislação agrária no cenário jurídico e propõe alternativas com o objetivo de uma prestação mais eficiente do Direito Agrário na área contratual.

  7. Avaliação dos resultados do tratamento de 14 doentes de carcinoma espinocelular anal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Augusto Palma Dallan

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available A radioquimioterapia (RT/QT tornou-se o tratamento de escolha para o carcinoma espinocelular anal (CEC. Na recidiva local ou na persistência da doença, deve-se instituir o tratamento cirúrgico. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo retrospectivo foi analisar os resultados do tratamento de doentes de CEC anal. MÉTODO: Acompanhamos 17 pacientes com diagnóstico anátomo-patológico de carcinoma espinocelular anal. Eram 14 (82,3% do sexo feminino e três (17,8% do masculino. A idade variou de 36 a 78 anos, com média de idade de 59,1 anos. Utilizando a classificação TNM, tivemos quatro (23,6% no estádio I, seis (35,2% no II, quatro (23,6% no IIIa e três (17,6% no IIIb. Todos foram submetidos a tratamento inicial com RT/QT, exceto um submetido a ressecção local. Definimos que a biópsia negativa, realizada entre 12 e 16 semanas após esse tratamento, determinaria o controle local da doença. RESULTADOS: Perdemos seguimento de três doentes (17,6%. Seguimos os 14 restantes (82,3% entre um e cinco anos. Todos os doentes nos estádios I e II (10 apresentaram regressão total da doença, enquanto que três (75% nos estádios IIIa e IIIb tiveram remissão completa. Realizamos a amputação abdomino-perineal de resgate em dois doentes e ressecção local em outros dois. A recidiva local ocorreu em dois (20% nos estádios I e II e em dois (75% nos estádios mais avançados (IIIa e IIIb. A sobrevivência em 3 anos foi de 100% nos que se encontravam nos estádios I e II, embora o controle da doença fosse atingido em oito (80%. Nos quatro doentes que estavam nos estádios IIIa e IIIb, a sobrevivência em um ano foi de 75% e em três anos foi de 25%. Esse último permanece livre da doença. Complicações do tratamento radioterápico ocorreram em oito doentes (57,1%. Nenhum óbito foi constatado durante o tratamento RT/QT. Os dois doentes, (14,3% com sorologia positiva para HIV, apresentavam infecção anal pelo Papilomavírus humano (HPV. CONCLUSÃO: A

  8. Avaliação clinica comparativa entre duas tecnicas de tratamento radicular na terapia periodontal

    OpenAIRE

    Lucio Flavio Teixeira Damis

    2000-01-01

    Resumo: Este estudo clínico teve como proposição comparar dois tipos de terapia para o tratamento da doença periodontal. A terapia tradicional que utiliza a raspagem e alisamento radicular com curetas manuais ­ grupo controle - e a terapia alternativa que propõe apenas destacar os cálculos usando curetas manuais e escovar a superficie radicular com solução iodada a 2% - grupo teste. Foram selecionados para cada grupo 40 faces de dentes unirradiculares com bolsas periodontais supra­ ósseas, co...

  9. Tilt teste no diagnóstico diferencial da "epilepsia" resistente ao tratamento

    OpenAIRE

    Castro,Renata Rodrigues Teixeira de; Nóbrega,Antonio Claudio Lucas da

    2006-01-01

    A epilepsia é uma das causas mais freqüentes de distúrbios neurológicos em adultos jovens. Relatamos um caso em que uma paciente conviveu durante doze anos com o diagnóstico de epilepsia resistente ao tratamento, quando, na verdade, a causa de seus sintomas pôde ser encontrada com a realização do teste de inclinação (tilt teste). O cardiologista deve estar alerta para o possível diagnóstico de síncope neurocardiogênica em pacientes previamente diagnosticados como portadores de epilepsia, espe...

  10. Vestuário inteligente e o interface no tratamento da obesidade infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, André José Santos

    2011-01-01

    O tema apresentado “Vestuário inteligente e o interface no tratamento da Obesidade infantil” contém um estudo sobre o aumento da obesidade na faixa etária dos 9 aos 14 anos de idade, aliado ao desenvolvimento de um produto na área de design de moda. Esta pesquisa é de grande importância, porque actualmente este problema de saúde tem apresentado um elevado número de crianças com excesso de peso. Este aumento deve-se a vários motivos dos quais podemos destacar os factores socioculturais, gen...

  11. Endovascular treatment for intracranial infectious aneurysms Tratamento endovascular de aneurismas infecciosos intracranianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Wajnberg

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVE: To re-enforce an alternative, less aggressive treatment modality in the management of intracranial infectious aneurysms. METHOD: We present a series of five patients with infectious endocarditis and intracranial infectious aneurysms (mycotic aneurysms managed by means of endovascular treatment. RESULTS: Endovascular treatment was executed technically uneventfully in all patients. Three patients had favorable clinical outcome: two were classified as Glasgow Outcome Scale 4/5, and one had total neurological recovery (GOS 5/5. Two patients died (GOS 1/5, one in consequence of the initial intracranial bleeding and the other after cardiac complications from endocarditis and open-heart surgery. CONCLUSION: Endovascular techniques are an expanding option for the treatment of IIAs. It has been especially useful for infectious endocarditis patients with IIA, who will be submitted to cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and anticoagulation, with the risk of intracranial bleeding.OBJETIVO: Enfatizar o método endovascular como uma opção de tratamento alternativa e menos agressiva no tratamento de aneurismas infecciosos intracranianos. MÉTODO: Apresentamos uma série de cinco pacientes com endocardite infecciosa e aneurismas infecciosos intra-cranianos (aneurismas micóticos tratados através da via endovascular. RESULTADOS: O tratamento endovascular teve sucesso técnico e sem intercorrências relacionadas ao cateterismo em todos os casos. Três pacientes tiveram desfecho clínico favorável: dois com escala de regeneração de Glasgow 4/5 e um com recuperação neurológica completa (GOS 5/5. Dois pacientes tiveram desfecho desfavorável (GOS 1/5, um devido às conseqüências do sangramento intracraniano inicial e outro devido a complicações cardíacas da endocardite e cirurgia de troca valvar. CONCLUSÃO: As técnicas endovasculares são uma nova opção de tratamento dos aneurismas infecciosos intracranianos. Ela é especialmente

  12. Tratamento da hipertensão arterial nos doentes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge, Luís Carlos Marques Viana

    2010-01-01

    1 INTRODUÇÃO A Hipertensão Arterial (HTA) e a Diabetes Mellitus (DM), particularmente a Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 (DM2), são entidades clínicas que frequentemente se associam e que exercem um efeito sinérgico, aumentando o risco cardiovascular e facilitando a deterioração da função renal. 1.2 OBJECTIVO Fazer uma revisão da literatura sobre o tratamento da HTA nos doentes com DM2, procurando estabelecer uma visão actualizada sobre o tema, designadamente analisar as class...

  13. Tratamento farmacológico da doença de Alzheimer

    OpenAIRE

    Forlenza,Orestes V.

    2005-01-01

    O presente artigo de revisão aborda as perspectivas atuais e futuras no tratamento farmacológico da doença de Alzheimer. Os benefícios e limitações da terapia de reposição colinérgica, representada fundamentalmente pelos inibidores das colinesterases, são apresentados com base em dados de pesquisas neurobiológicas, farmacológicas e clínicas, ilustrados pelos principais estudos controlados por placebo e por estudos recentes de metanálise. O papel da memantina nos casos de demência moderada a g...

  14. Hipotireoidismo na criança: diagnóstico e tratamento

    OpenAIRE

    Setian,Nuvarte

    2007-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Apresentar dados relevantes e atualizados referentes ao quadro de hipotireoidismo do recém-nascido ao adolescente. FONTES DE DADOS: Artigos, revisões e livros contendo informações atualizadas e de interesse. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS:Esta revisão aborda dados sobre etiopatogenia do hipotireoidismo. A triagem para o hipotireoidismo congênito é importante para o diagnóstico e tratamento precoce do recém-nascido. Aponta as dificuldades na conduta do hipotireoidismo subclínico. Destaca a import...

  15. Ecoescleroterapia com espuma no tratamento da insuficiência venosa crônica

    OpenAIRE

    Ceratti,Sandro; Okano,Fabrício Macedo; Pontes,Alexandre B. Góes; Pontes,Antônio Luiz; Nastri,Rogério

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Descrever os resultados da ecoescleroterapia com espuma no tratamento de insuficiência venosa crônica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Série de casos longitudinal. Entre janeiro de 2007 e novembro de 2009, 18 pacientes com insuficiência venosa crônica foram tratados com ecoescleroterapia com espuma em uma clínica particular. O método de Tessari foi utilizado para produção da espuma e o seguimento dos pacientes variou de 4 a 44 meses. Os desfechos primários foram: oclusão total da veia tratada ...

  16. Tratamento do transtorno de ansiedade social em crianças e adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    Isolan,Luciano; Pheula,Gabriel; Manfro,Gisele Gus

    2007-01-01

    CONTEXTO: Transtorno de ansiedade social é um transtorno incapacitante e altamente prevalente em crianças e adolescentes ao longo da vida, de acordo com os critérios do DSM-IV, variando de 0,7% a 3,5%. Se não tratado, pode interferir no funcionamento emocional, social e escolar. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a evidência atual para a eficácia e efetividade de intervenções farmacológicas e psicoterápicas no tratamento do transtorno de ansiedade social na infância e na adolescência. MÉTODOS: Pesquisas fora...

  17. Teriparatida (PTH[1-34]rh: uma nova perspectiva no tratamento da osteoporose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliveira Juliana Helena Abreu de

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available No momento, as medicações aprovadas para tratamento da osteoporose agem reduzindo a taxa de perda óssea e diminuindo a reabsorção óssea. A teriparatida é um fragmento recombinante sintético de 34 aminoácidos do hormônio paratireóide humano. A teriparatida se liga ao receptor de PTH da proteína G e estimula a formação e a ação dos osteoblastos, que são as células responsáveis pela formação dos ossos. Assim, a principal diferença entre o tratamento da osteoporose com teriparatida e o tratamento anti-reabsorção é que a teriparatida promove o crescimento de osso novo. Em estudos pré-clínicos, o uso intermitente de PTH foi associado com um aumento significativo da massa óssea gradeada em diversos locais. A exposição intermitente ao PTH durante 4 a 6 semanas em modelos de animais ovariectomizados leva a um aumento da espessura do osso gradeado. Há estudos clínicos que mostram que a teriparatida aumenta significativamente a densidade óssea e diminui a incidência de fraturas osteoporóticas vertebrais e não-vertebrais nas mulheres com osteoporose pós-menopáusica e têm risco alto de fratura, e aumenta a densidade óssea nos homens com osteoporose, tanto hipogonádica como idiopática. A teriparatida é dada por injeção subcutânea diária e foi associada com um mínimo de efeitos colaterais, além de não apresentar interações medicamentosas. Sendo assim, a teriparatida surge como uma abordagem completamente nova no tratamento da osteoporose, estimulando diretamente a formação do osso.

  18. Reações adversas gastrointestinais: causas, prevenção e tratamento

    OpenAIRE

    Pargana, Alexandra Cristina Neves

    2015-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado, Ciências Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade do Algarve, 2015 Segunda a Organização Mundial de Saúde uma reação adversa a um medicamento (RAM) é qualquer resposta prejudicial e indesejada a um medicamento que ocorre com doses habitualmente usadas para profilaxia, diagnóstico ou tratamento ou para modificação de funções fisiológicas[ As RAM Gastrointestinais representam 20 a 40% do total de RAMs sendo caracterizada por não ...

  19. Qualidade e eficiência do tratamento preservativo de duas espécies de bambu

    OpenAIRE

    Tiburtino, Rogy Frigeri

    2012-01-01

    Por causa do alto custo para obter um produto de madeira proveniente de uma espécie arbórea nativa no Brasil, o uso de materiais alternativos, que seja de fontes renováveis e que possa substituir estas espécies vem ganhando espaço no mercado nacional, e o bambu se destaca nesse novo cenário. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade e a eficiência do tratamento preservativo de duas espécies de bambu (Dendrocalamus giganteus e Bambusa vulgaris) pelo emprego de três métodos de tratam...

  20. Oficinas de espiritualidade: alternativa de cuidado para o tratamento integral de dependentes químicos

    OpenAIRE

    Backes,Dirce Stein; Backes,Marli Stein; Medeiros,Hilda Maria Freitas; Siqueira,Daiana Foggiato de; Pereira,Simone Barbosa; Dalcin,Camila Biazus; Rupolo,Irani

    2012-01-01

    Trata-se de um relato de experiência vivenciada com usuários de crack sob tratamento de desintoxicação, na qual se buscou alcançar o cuidado integral ao ser humano por meio de oficinas de espiritualidade. Cultivadas e dinamizadas a partir de inspirações dos próprios integrantes, as oficinas se constituem em estratégias capazes de estimular o repensar de atitudes e comportamentos, bem como reassumir a vida com base em novos valores e ideais. O relato visa, em suma, contribuir para a ampliação ...

  1. Eletroflotação aplicada ao tratamento de esgoto sanitário

    OpenAIRE

    Joel Alonso Palomino Romero

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho avaliou o desempenho de um reator piloto de eletroflotação, que utilizou placas de alumínio em arranjo monopolar em paralelo como eletrodos de sacrifício para o tratamento de esgoto sanitário. O processo foi auxiliado pela adição de cloreto de sódio para melhorar a condutividade do esgoto bruto. Preliminarmente, testaram-se em ensaios de eletroflotação em bancada, densidades de corrente entre 8 e 21 A m-2 e determinou-se que o melhor desempenho na diminuição da turbidez era obti...

  2. Toxina botulínica como tratamento para fobia social generalizada com hiperidrose

    OpenAIRE

    Lessa,Larissa da Rocha; Fontenelle,Leonardo F.

    2011-01-01

    CONTEXTO: Enrubescimento, tremores e transpiração excessiva são fenômenos frequentemente observados na fobia social. OBJETIVOS: Descrever a resposta de um paciente com o tipo generalizado de fobia social e hiperidrose à terapia cognitivo-comportamental aliada à toxina botulínica. MÉTODO: Relato de caso único. RESULTADOS: O Sr. A, 20 anos, estudante universitário, procurou tratamento por apresentar sintomas compatíveis com os diagnósticos de fobia social e depressão. O Sr. A também apresentava...

  3. Desenvolvimento de sistema de Controle Ótimo para processo de tratamento de efluentes

    OpenAIRE

    Reis,José Antonio Tosta dos; Mendonça,Antonio Sérgio Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    Este trabalho teve por objetivo geral propor e avallar técnicas de desenvolvimento de sistemas de controle automático para processos de tratamento de efluentes envolvendo lodos ativados. Os sistemas de controle propostos foram estabelecidos a partir da aplicação da Teoria de Controle Ótimo, considerando o emprego de um modelo dinâmico simplificado do processo de lodos ativados. Simulações computacionais foram utilizadas para a avaliação do desempenho dos sistemas de controle propostos. Os res...

  4. O relacionamento terapeuta-cliente no tratamento do transtorno obsessivo compulsivo

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, Neide Aparecida; Vandenberghe, Luc

    2009-01-01

    Este artigo levanta a possibilidade de intervenção no transtorno obsessivo compulsivo por meio da psicoterapia analítica funcional. Trata-se de uma psicoterapia comportamental que se diferencia de tratamentos comportamentais tradicionais, tais como treinamento em habilidades sociais ou dessensibilização, por ser pautada nas oportunidades de mudanças profundas obtidas dentro das limitações de um relacionamento interpessoal íntimo e intenso. O transtorno obsessivo compulsivo é um transtorno de ...

  5. Adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo: uma análise conceitual.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilmara Barboza da Silva Araújo

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available A hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS ocupa lugar de destaque no contexto da transição epidemiológica, e constitui um dos principais fatores de risco para o aparecimento das doenças cardíacas. O controle da HAS está diretamente relacionado ao grau de adesão do paciente ao regime terapêutico. Este estudo objetiva analisar o conceito “Adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo”, identificando os possíveis fatores antecedentes, os atributos críticos e as conseqüências do fenômeno; e elaborar um modelo teórico que incorpore os achados da análise conceitual, ofereça subsídios para a construção de instrumentos de medida do conceito de “Adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo” e sirva como base para o planejamento de atividades educativas direcionadas à clientela de hipertensos. O estudo seguiu a metodologia de análise conceitual proposta por Lorraine O. Walker e Kay C. Avant e foi realizado através de um levantamento bibliográfico de artigos científicos da área médica e de enfermagem pertinentes à temática, publicados, nos idiomas português e inglês, no período de janeiro/1995 a julho/2001. Como antecedentes da “Adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo” foram identificados aspectos relacionados ao paciente, ao regime terapêutico e ao sistema de saúde. Dois atributos foram identificados para o conceito: a participação ativa no tratamento e a realização de mudanças no estilo de vida. Quanto às conseqüências, foram identificadas a pressão arterial controlada, a redução na incidência ou o retardamento na ocorrência de complicações e a melhoria da qualidade de vida do hipertenso.

  6. CONTRIBUIÇÕES DA TERAPIA COGNITIVO COMPORTAMENTAL NO TRATAMENTO DA OBESIDADE

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Raquel Mattoso Chagas Martins; Alice Pessanha Rocha de Assis; Amanda Barbosa de Freitas; Bianca Machado da Silva Rangel; Larissa Barreto Bastos; Erika Costa Barreto Monteiro de Barros

    2016-01-01

    Levando em consideração que o homem é o único animal capaz de modificar seu corpo através do pensamento, a Terapia Cognitivo Comportamental (TCC) vem se configurando como um importante aliado no combate à obesidade, proporcionando uma reestruturação cognitiva capaz de modificar não apenas um corpo obeso, mas modificar todo um estilo de vida. A terapia cognitivo-comportamental (TCC) tem sido amplamente usada no tratamento da obesidade em associação com outras intervenções, como o acompanhament...

  7. importância no diagnóstico e tratamento

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, André Miguel Lagido da

    2011-01-01

    Trabalho apresentado à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Medicina Dentária. Este trabalho de fim de curso foi realizado com o propósito de, como conclusão deste ciclo integrado de estudos, abordar um tema objectivo, com valor prático e básico, do que considero um assunto fulcral em diagnóstico e plano de tratamento no âmbito da radiologia odontológica, para uma boa prática clínica em Medicina Dentária. As radiografias realizadas na...

  8. Percutaneous vertebroplasty under local anaesthesia: feasibility regarding patients&apos; experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonnard, Eric; Foti, Pauline; Amoretti, Nicolas [Nice University Hospital, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Unit, Nice (France); Kastler, Adrian [Grenoble University Hospital, Neuroradiology and MRI Unit, CLUNI, Grenoble (France)

    2017-04-15

    Evaluate patients&apos; intraoperative experience of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) performed without general anaesthesia in order to assess the feasibility of local anaesthesia and simple analgesic medication as pain control protocol. Ninety-five patients who underwent single-site PV were consecutively included in the study between 2011 and 2013. Each procedure was achieved under local anaesthesia and perfusion of paracetamol, tramadol and dolasetron, with combined CT and fluoroscopy guidance. Numeric pain scale (NPS) was collected before, during and after intervention. After intervention, patients were asked to evaluate their experience as &apos;&apos;very bad&apos;&apos;, &apos;'bad'&apos;, &apos;'fair'&apos;, &apos;'good'&apos; or &apos;&apos;very good&apos;&apos;, independently of the pain. Indications for vertebroplasty were osteopenic fractures (78 %), aggressive angiomas (13 %) and somatic tumours (9 %). In 76 % of cases, patients&apos; experience was described as &apos;&apos;very good&apos;&apos; (44 %) or &apos;'good'&apos; (32 %), whereas 19 % described it as &apos;'fair'&apos; and 5 % as &apos;&apos;very bad&apos;&apos;. Mean operative NPS was 5.5. After intervention, NPS was significantly lower with a decrease of 4.5 points. No differences were found according to the localization, type of lesion, age or sex either in terms of experience or NPS. Percutaneous vertebroplasty is feasible under local anaesthesia alone, with a very good or good experience in 76 % of the patients. (orig.)

  9. EPR: the nuclear impasse; EPR: l&apos;impasse nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marillier, F. [Association Ecologiste Greenpeace (France)

    2008-07-01

    The questions relative to the climatic change constitute crucial challenges for the next ten years. In this context the author aims to show how the EPR project illustrates the nuclear french &apos;'autism'&apos;. He presents and analyzes the international and environmental impacts of this obsolete technology, as a project useless and dangerous. (A.L.B.)

  10. SSI&apos;s review of SKB&apos;s RDandD programme 2001; SSI&apos;s granskning av SKB&apos;s FUD-program 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hedberg, B.; Larsson, Carl-Magnus; Wiebert, A.; Dverstorp, B.; Jensen, Mikael; Norden, M.; Loefgren, T.; Brewitz, E.; Lindhe, J.C.; Pensjoe, Aa

    2002-02-01

    In the report SSI&apos;s review of SKB&apos;s RDandD programme 2001 is presented. In the review SSI comments, among other things, the decision making process, the need of a strategy document, SKB&apos;s safety and system analysis and SKB&apos;s biosphere studies.

  11. Infants&apos; Discrimination of Female Singing Voices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa-Giomi, Eugenia; Davila, Yvonne

    2014-01-01

    There&apos;s extensive research on infant&apos;s discrimination of speaking voices but few studies have focused on infant&apos;s discrimination of singing voices. Most investigations on infants&apos; perception of timbre in music have been based on instrumental sounds. We completed an experiment with 7-and 13-month-olds (n = 16 and n = 17…

  12. Spectacular energy technology: Panorama-Sauna Holzweiler. KfW funds indoor swimming pools as &apos;process heat&apos;; Energetisch spektakulaer: Panorama-Sauna Holzweiler. KfW foerdert Schwimmbaeder als &apos;Prozesswaerme&apos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meissner, Rolf

    2008-11-15

    The &apos;'Panorama-Sauna'&apos; at Grafschaft is a big indoor swimming pool and Sauna centre in a rural region not far from Cologne and Koblenz. The charm of this spectacular solar project is in its minimalism. Conventional solar thermal power systems, in contrast, tend to be complex and prone to failure. (orig.)

  13. Benzene Synthesis for &apos;&apos;14C Measurements and Evaluation of Uncertainty in Mollusk Shells; Sintesis de Benceno para la Determinacion de C&apos;&apos;14 y Evaluacion de su Incertidumbre en Conchas de Moluscos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero del Hombrebueno, B.; Simon, M. A.; Larena, P.

    2002-07-01

    This work describes the method and instrumentation used by Environmental Isotopes laboratory of the CIEMAT Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (DIAE) for the synthesis of benzene from carbonates of mollusk shells and the liquid scintillation counting of &apos;&apos;14C for radiocarbon dating in these samples. The usefulness of mollusk shells for &apos;&apos;14 C dating are considered. (Author)

  14. CORNELL: CESR&apos;s progress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1991-01-01

    Cornell&apos;s CESR electron-positron collider passed three significant milestones last year: the CUSB group completed its experimental programme after eleven years, and the experiment was removed; the CLEO collaboration brought the new CLEO II version into action and reported first results; with a single interaction region, CESR established new luminosity (related to collision rate) records. The CLEO group will continue to exploit these favourable collision conditions, running at the broad upsilon 4s resonance to accumulate a large sample of B mesons (containing the fifth (&apos;beauty&apos;) quark)

  15. Bouveret&apos;s Syndrome: diagnostic considerations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cooper, S.G.; Sherman, S.B.; Steinhardt, J.E.; Wilson, J.M. Jr.; Richman, A.H.

    1987-07-10

    Bouveret&apos;s syndrome is a rare disease entity manifested by the formation of a cholecystoduodenal or choledochoduodenal fistula with passage of a gallstone into the duodenal bulb and subsequent obstruction of the gastric outlet. To date, no report of this entity using computed tomographic (CT) imaging is available. This article presents a case of Bouveret&apos;s syndrome with the classic findings on upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract series and a description of the CT manifestations. The literature is reviewed with discussion of the diagnostic approach to patients with Bouveret&apos;s syndrome.

  16. AREVA&apos;s uranium mining business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martin, V.

    2010-01-01

    &apos;Full text:&apos; In 2009, AREVA became the world&apos;s 1st uranium producer. Historically, since the closure of all uranium mines in France, AREVA&apos;s production was essentially coming from Canada and Niger. Most recently intense development in Kazakhstan contributed to AREVA&apos;s ascension to its current leading position. AREVA&apos;s production will continue to increase in Kazakhstan, in Canada and in Niger and preparations are under way for the launch of production in Namibia. AREVA plans to remain a major player in the long term, with its aggressive exploration program across the world. This is particularly true here in Canada with world class projects such as Shea Creek in the Western Athabasca Basin and Kiggavik in Nunavut that will add during the coming decades to AREVA&apos;s flagship state of the art uranium mill at McClean Lake and its participation in the two world largest uranium high-grade projects, the McArthur River mine and the Cigar Lake project scheduled for start-up in 2013.In 2009, AREVA became the world&apos;s 1st uranium producer. Historically, since the closure of all uranium mines in France, AREVA&apos;s production was essentially coming from Canada and Niger. Most recently intense development in Kazakhstan contributed to AREVA&apos;s ascension to its current leading position. AREVA&apos;s production will continue to increase in Kazakhstan, in Canada and in Niger and preparations are under way for the launch of production in Namibia. AREVA plans to remain a major player in the long term, with its aggressive exploration program across the world. This is particularly true here in Canada with world class projects such as Shea Creek in the Western Athabasca Basin and Kiggavik in Nunavut that will add during the coming decades to AREVA&apos;s flagship state of the art uranium mill at McClean Lake and its participation in the two world largest uranium high-grade projects, the McArthur River mine and the Cigar Lake project scheduled for

  17. Alaska&apos;s renewable energy potential.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-02-01

    This paper delivers a brief survey of renewable energy technologies applicable to Alaska&apos;s climate, latitude, geography, and geology. We first identify Alaska&apos;s natural renewable energy resources and which renewable energy technologies would be most productive. e survey the current state of renewable energy technologies and research efforts within the U.S. and, where appropriate, internationally. We also present information on the current state of Alaska&apos;s renewable energy assets, incentives, and commercial enterprises. Finally, we escribe places where research efforts at Sandia National Laboratories could assist the state of Alaska with its renewable energy technology investment efforts.

  18. O tratamento da distonia tarefa-específica em músicos: aspectos motores e sensoriais envolvidos no processo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita de Cássia dos Reis Moura

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A distonia é uma desordem de ordem neurológica, caracterizada por descontrole dos movimentos ou de posturas ou ambos, por contração intermitente ou de forma sustentada. A distonia do músico é considerada como uma distonia tarefa-específica, que é deflagrada somente durante a performance musical. Pode ocorrer em qualquer parte do corpo; frequentemente face, músculos do pescoço e membros superiores. O conhecimento dessa doença ocupacional entre a população de músicos no Brasil é pouco difundido. O objetivo deste trabalho é discorrer a respeito das estruturas cerebrais envolvidas no processo motor e da fisiologia envolvida na distonia do músico, bem como dos tratamentos disponíveis no intuito de enfatizar a importância de seu reconhecimento e tratamento precoce e apresentar pesquisa realizada com protocolo de tratamento. O método é um levantamento bibliográfico da fisiologia do controle motor, do desenvolvimento e tratamento da distonia do músico utilizando literatura nacional e internacional e aplicação de protocolo de tratamento estruturado. Como resultados, existe já um corpus bibliográfico consistente na língua inglesa, porém escasso em português, principalmente no quesito tratamento, podemos constatar melhora em diversos aspectos de padrão motor após protocolo de tratamento na avaliação após seis meses, tais como relaxamento, aquisição de maior consciência corporal ao tocar, instabilidade, tremor e dissociação de movimentos. Como conclusão, constata-se a necessidade de implementar a discussão e pesquisa nessa área, principalmente com relação aos tratamentos. Por outro lado, sabe-se que a melhor ferramenta contra esta afecção se encontra no tratamento mais precoce possível.

  19. Efeitos dos tratamentos fisioterapêutico e odontológico em pacientes com disfunção temporomandibular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia Torres

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Verificar os efeitos dos tratamentos odontológico e fisioterapêutico na redução da dor em pacientes com disfunção temporomandibular (DTM. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: A amostra foi composta por dez pacientes (idade média de 34,3 anos com DTM. Foram utilizados como instrumentos de coleta de dados o índice clínico de severidade para DTM, a escala visual analógica de dor (EVA e a versão brasileira do Questionário McGill de Dor (Br-MPQ. Cinco pacientes realizaram o tratamento fisioterapêutico, com dez sessões (três semanas de aplicações de estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea (Tens, ultrassom, massoterapia e alongamento; e cinco pacientes realizaram o tratamento odontológico com procedimentos farmacológicos e a confecção de uma placa miorrelaxante, usada por três semanas. RESULTADOS:Comparando-se as médias dos resultados diários pré e pós-tratamento fisioterapêutico, houve redução significativa (p 0,05. No Br-MPQ a média de redução no tratamento fisioterapêutico, por categorias, foi de 92,5% na categoria sensorial, 80% na afetiva, 80% na avaliação subjetiva e 92% na mista; e no tratamento odontológico foi de 40,1% na categoria sensorial, 51,9% na afetiva, 34% na avaliação subjetiva e 55,9% na mista. Quanto à intensidade, no tratamento fisioterapêutico houve diminuição de 83,6% (p 0,05. CONCLUSÕES:Ambos os tratamentos demonstraram ser positivos para o alívio da sintomatologia dolorosa em pacientes com DTM, sendo a fisioterapia, neste caso, um tratamento indicado, com melhora significativa da dor a curto prazo

  20. A New Rose of Sharon Cultivar, &apos;Seonnyo&apos; Developed by Mutation Breeding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Song, H.S.; Lim, Y.T.; Kim, J.K.; Park, I.S.; Kang, S.Y.; Kim, D.S.; Lee, S.J.

    2005-01-01

    &apos;Seonnyo&apos; is a new Hibiscus variety developed by mutation breeding using gamma ray irradiation at Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI). One hundred seeds of original variety, &apos;Gyewolhyang&apos;, collected in Namyangju of Gyeonggi Province were irradiated 10 Krad a-ray from a ∨60Co source at KAERI in 1993 (Fig. 1). The original variety, &apos;Gyewolhyang&apos; showed the I-c that means single and bell-shaped flower type, and light purple with small red eye in its flower color. The irradiated seeds were sown in a field of the Atomic Experiment Farm in Namyangju, in April 1994. Forty-four out of one hundred seeds survived