WorldWideScience

Sample records for api based desktop

  1. ANDROID BASED REMOTE DESKTOP CLIENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AJIT KOTKAR

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Android based remote desktop client is a remote control system which allows you to view and interact with one computer (known as “server” to another computer or cellular phones (Android OS anywhere on the intranet. A viewer is provided on the cellular phone that enables the user to see and manipulate the desktop of remote systems such as MS Windows. The system to be accessed must be running a server and it must be attached to a network. A proxy is used to send the image of the desktop to the cellular phone, to convert different devices, to suppress network traffics, and to support recovery from an unscheduled disconnection. A prototype of the proposed system been implemented using Android and will be tested on a Android Virtual Device emulator. To reduce user effort and solve problems inherent to the cellular phone’s small screen, several functions are provided on the cellular viewer. Virtual Network Computing protocol is used to access Graphical User Interface of remote computer. It is based on the concept of a Remote Frame Buffer or RFB. The system will use Remote method invocation (RMI and screen image capturing techniques of API’s to implement VNC. All functions such mouse clicking, opening files, Playing media can be perform on server computer.

  2. APIs

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobson, Daniel; Woods, Dan

    2011-01-01

    Programmers used to be the only people excited about APIs, but now a growing number of companies see them as a hot new product channel. This concise guide describes the tremendous business potential of APIs, and demonstrates how you can use them to provide valuable services to clients, partners, or the public via the Internet. You'll learn all the steps necessary for building a cohesive API business strategy from experts in the trenches. Facebook and Twitter APIs continue to be extremely successful, and many other companies find that API demand greatly exceeds website traffic. This book offe

  3. Efficient Sustainable Operation Mechanism of Distributed Desktop Integration Storage Based on Virtualization with Ubiquitous Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun-Woo Kim

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Following the rapid growth of ubiquitous computing, many jobs that were previously manual have now been automated. This automation has increased the amount of time available for leisure; diverse services are now being developed for this leisure time. In addition, the development of small and portable devices like smartphones, diverse Internet services can be used regardless of time and place. Studies regarding diverse virtualization are currently in progress. These studies aim to determine ways to efficiently store and process the big data generated by the multitude of devices and services in use. One topic of such studies is desktop storage virtualization, which integrates distributed desktop resources and provides these resources to users to integrate into distributed legacy desktops via virtualization. In the case of desktop storage virtualization, high availability of virtualization is necessary and important for providing reliability to users. Studies regarding hierarchical structures and resource integration are currently in progress. These studies aim to create efficient data distribution and storage for distributed desktops based on resource integration environments. However, studies regarding efficient responses to server faults occurring in desktop-based resource integration environments have been insufficient. This paper proposes a mechanism for the sustainable operation of desktop storage (SODS for high operational availability. It allows for the easy addition and removal of desktops in desktop-based integration environments. It also activates alternative servers when a fault occurs within a system.

  4. An Implementation Model of Parlay MMCCS API Based on SIP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUAN You-qing; SHEN Su-bin

    2006-01-01

    Parlay Multi Media Call Control Services(MMCCS) Application Programming Interfaces (API) based on Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is essential for the implementation of Parlay Call Control (CC) API. This paper first proposes an implementation model of Parlay MMCCS API based on SIP, then presents a mapping between SIP and MMCCS API as far as methods and parameters are concerned, illustrates corresponding relationships between different components of SIP and MMCCS API by means of an application collaboration diagram, and finally presents an application using Java codes as well as some SIP messages. The application shows that a majority of MMCCS API based on SIP can be implemented and therefore verifies our mapping between MMCCS API and SIP.

  5. Research and implementation of a Web-based remote desktop image monitoring system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It studied and implemented an ISS (Image Snapshot Server) system based on Web, using Java Web technology. The ISS system consisted of client web browser and server. The server part could be divided into three modules as the screen shots software, web server and Oracle database. Screen shots software intercepted the desktop environment of the remote monitored PC and sent these pictures to a Tomcat web server for displaying on the web at real time. At the same time, these pictures were also saved in an Oracle database. Through the web browser, monitor person can view the real-time and historical desktop pictures of the monitored PC during some period. It is very convenient for any user to monitor the desktop image of remote monitoring PC. (authors)

  6. An Android-based Remote Desktop for IOS Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siew-Chin Chong

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Thanks to globalization, mobile devices have become an inseparable entity of our daily life. We often expect our smart devices (mobile phone, tablet, portable media player to possess the functionalities of a personal computer. As the technology is getting cheaper, owning multiple mobile devices, each for a specific purpose, is becoming the current trend. For instance, an Android smartphone to fulfill a user’s communication needs on-the-go, an iPad could serve the user’s reading hobby, and lastly, a laptop for productivity activities. As such, to switch among different devices could be the emerging problem of the current generation. With our proposed Android based remote control app, a user does not only able to control his Windows based office laptop, but he could access to his IOS based devices too. Besides click event and text input, this application also supports panning and zooming gesture inputs.

  7. Agent-based modeling and simulation Part 3 : desktop ABMS.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macal, C. M.; North, M. J.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2007-01-01

    Agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) is a new approach to modeling systems comprised of autonomous, interacting agents. ABMS promises to have far-reaching effects on the way that businesses use computers to support decision-making and researchers use electronic laboratories to support their research. Some have gone so far as to contend that ABMS 'is a third way of doing science,' in addition to traditional deductive and inductive reasoning (Axelrod 1997b). Computational advances have made possible a growing number of agent-based models across a variety of application domains. Applications range from modeling agent behavior in the stock market, supply chains, and consumer markets, to predicting the spread of epidemics, the threat of bio-warfare, and the factors responsible for the fall of ancient civilizations. This tutorial describes the theoretical and practical foundations of ABMS, identifies toolkits and methods for developing agent models, and illustrates the development of a simple agent-based model of shopper behavior using spreadsheets.

  8. Semantic Desktop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauermann, Leo; Kiesel, Malte; Schumacher, Kinga; Bernardi, Ansgar

    In diesem Beitrag wird gezeigt, wie der Arbeitsplatz der Zukunft aussehen könnte und wo das Semantic Web neue Möglichkeiten eröffnet. Dazu werden Ansätze aus dem Bereich Semantic Web, Knowledge Representation, Desktop-Anwendungen und Visualisierung vorgestellt, die es uns ermöglichen, die bestehenden Daten eines Benutzers neu zu interpretieren und zu verwenden. Dabei bringt die Kombination von Semantic Web und Desktop Computern besondere Vorteile - ein Paradigma, das unter dem Titel Semantic Desktop bekannt ist. Die beschriebenen Möglichkeiten der Applikationsintegration sind aber nicht auf den Desktop beschränkt, sondern können genauso in Web-Anwendungen Verwendung finden.

  9. The simulation of CAMAC system based on Windows API

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on Windows API, a kind of design method to simulate the CAMAC System, which is commonly used in nuclear physics experiments, is developed. Using C++ object-oriented programming, the simulation is carried out in the environment of Visual Studio 2010 and the interfaces, the data-way, the control commands and the modules are simulated with the functions either user-defined or from Windows API. Applying this method, the amplifier plug AMP575A produced by ORTEC is simulated and performance experiments are studied for this simulation module. The results indicate that the simulation module can fulfill the function of pole-zero adjustment, which means this method is competent for the simulation of CAMAC System. Compared with the simulation based on LabVIEW, this way is more flexible and closer to the bottom of the system. All the works above have found a path to making the virtual instrument platform based on CAMAC system. (authors)

  10. FEASIBILITY OF DESKTOP VIRTUALIZATION PER SOFTWARE SERVICES AND LOCAL HARDWARE BASED ON THE NETWORK THROUGHPUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Chaves De Oliveira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, virtualization computing has become a worldwide reality present in datacenters servers of most organizations. The motivations for the use of this solution are focused primarily on cost reduction and increases in availability, integrity and security of data. Based on these benefits, recently it was started the use of this technology for personal computers as well. That is, for desktops, giving birth to the so-called desktop virtualization. Given the technical advantages of the approach, its growth has been so significant that, before 2014, it is expected to be present in over 90% of organizations. However, this new method is completely based on a physical client-server architecture, which increases the importance of the communication network that makes this technique possible. Therefore, analyzing the network in order to investigate the effects according to the environment implemented becomes crucial. In this study it’s varied the local’s client hardware and the application, i.e., the service used. The purpose was to detail their effects on computer networks in a Quality of Service (QoS parameter, throughput. Secondarily are outlined perceptions regarding the Quality of Experience (QoE? This culminated in an assessment that traces the feasibility for applying this technology.

  11. Metadata and API Based Environment Aware Content Delivery Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    One of the limitations of current content delivery networks is lack of support for environment aware content delivery. This paper first discusses the requirements of such support, and proposes a new metadata gateway based environment aware content delivery architecture. The paper discusses in some details key functions and technologies of environment aware content delivery architecture, including its APIs and control policies. Finally the paper presents an application to illustrate advantages of environment aware content delivery architecture in the context of next generation network.

  12. CLOUD-BASED VS DESKTOP-BASED PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN HOTEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa\tGULMEZ

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Even though keeping up with the modern developments in IT sector is crucial for the success and competitiveness of a hotel, it is usually very hard for new technologies to be accepted and implemented. This is the case with the cloud technology for which the opinions between hoteliers are divided on those who think that it is just another fashion trend, unnecessary to be taken into consideration and those that believe that it helps in performing daily operations more easily, leaving space for more interaction with guests both in virtual and real world. Usage of cloud technology in hotels is still in its beginning phase and hoteliers still have to learn more about its advantages and adequate usage for the benefit of overall hotel operating. On the example of hotel property management system (PMS and comparison between features of its older desktop-version and new web-based programs, this research aims at finding out at which stage and how effective is usage of cloud technology in hotels. For this, qualitative research with semi-structured interviews with hotel mangers that use one of these programs was conducted. Reasons for usage and advantages of each version are discussed.

  13. Economic analysis of cloud-based desktop virtualization implementation at a hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoo Sooyoung

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cloud-based desktop virtualization infrastructure (VDI is known as providing simplified management of application and desktop, efficient management of physical resources, and rapid service deployment, as well as connection to the computer environment at anytime, anywhere with anydevice. However, the economic validity of investing in the adoption of the system at a hospital has not been established. Methods This study computed the actual investment cost of the hospital-wide VDI implementation at the 910-bed Seoul National University Bundang Hospital in Korea and the resulting effects (i.e., reductions in PC errors and difficulties, application and operating system update time, and account management time. Return on investment (ROI, net present value (NPV, and internal rate of return (IRR indexes used for corporate investment decision-making were used for the economic analysis of VDI implementation. Results The results of five-year cost-benefit analysis given for 400 Virtual Machines (VMs; i.e., 1,100 users in the case of SNUBH showed that the break-even point was reached in the fourth year of the investment. At that point, the ROI was 122.6%, the NPV was approximately US$192,000, and the IRR showed an investment validity of 10.8%. From our sensitivity analysis to changing the number of VMs (in terms of number of users, the greater the number of adopted VMs was the more investable the system was. Conclusions This study confirms that the emerging VDI can have an economic impact on hospital information system (HIS operation and utilization in a tertiary hospital setting.

  14. Phylogeny of different geographic populations Apis cerana in China based on mtDNA cyt b sequences

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Peng-fei; Zhao, Hui-ting; ZHANG, Chun-xiang; Jiang, Yu-suo

    2008-01-01

    In order to provide the basic datum to protect and rationally develop the Apis cerana resources in china, phylogeny of different geographic populations Apis cerana in China was studied based on mtDNA Cytochrome b gene sequences. In this study, the partial sequences of mtDNA Cytochrome b gene of 21 colonies of Apis cerana collected from 10 provinces and the homologous sequences of Apis nigrocincta and Apis mellifera downloaded from GenBank were analyzed. Molecular phylogenetic trees were reco...

  15. Efficiency Sustainability Resource Visual Simulator for Clustered Desktop Virtualization Based on Cloud Infrastructure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong Hyuk Park

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Following IT innovations, manual operations have been automated, improving the overall quality of life. This has been possible because an organic topology has been formed among many diverse smart devices grafted onto real life. To provide services to these smart devices, enterprises or users use the cloud. Cloud services are divided into infrastructure as a service (IaaS, platform as a service (PaaS and software as a service (SaaS. SaaS is operated on PaaS, and PaaS is operated on IaaS. Since IaaS is the foundation of all services, algorithms for the efficient operation of virtualized resources are required. Among these algorithms, desktop resource virtualization is used for high resource availability when existing desktop PCs are unavailable. For this high resource availability, clustering for hierarchical structures is important. In addition, since many clustering algorithms show different percentages of the main resources depending on the desktop PC distribution rates and environments, selecting appropriate algorithms is very important. If diverse attempts are made to find algorithms suitable for the operating environments’ desktop resource virtualization, huge costs are incurred for the related power, time and labor. Therefore, in the present paper, a desktop resource virtualization clustering simulator (DRV-CS, a clustering simulator for selecting clusters of desktop virtualization clusters to be maintained sustainably, is proposed. The DRV-CS provides simulations, so that clustering algorithms can be selected and elements can be properly applied in different desktop PC environments through the DRV-CS.

  16. [Teaching Desktop] Video Conferencing in a Collaborative and Problem Based Setting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørngreen, Rikke; Mouritzen, Per

    2013-01-01

    , teachers and assistant teachers wanted to find ways in the design for learning that enables the learners to acquire knowledge about the theories, models and concepts of the subject, as well as hands‐on competencies in a learning‐by‐doing manner. In particular we address the area of desktop video...... their educational design and their role as teachers in this video conference setting. The students reflect on their experiences and designs in a blog and the group collaboratively hands in a reflection paper online. Both blog posts and reflection papers needs to relate to the literature of the module...

  17. The API methodology for risk-based inspection (RBI) analysis for the petroleum and petrochemical industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-one petroleum and petrochemical companies are currently sponsoring a project within the American Petroleum Institute (API) to develop risk-based inspection (RBI) methodology for application in the refining and petrochemical industry. This paper describes that particular RBI methodology and provides a summary of the three levels of RBI analysis developed by the project. Also included is a review of the first pilot project to validate the methodology by applying RBI to several existing refining units. The failure for pressure equipment in a process unit can have several undesirable effects. For the purpose of RBI analysis, the API RBI program categorizes these effects into four basic risk outcomes: flammable events, toxic releases, major environmental damage, and business interruption losses. API RBI is a strategic process, both qualitative and quantitative, for understanding and reducing these risks associated with operating pressure equipment. This paper will show how API RBI assesses the potential consequences of a failure of the pressure boundary, as well as assessing the likelihood (probability) of failure. Risk-based inspection also prioritizes risk levels in a systematic manner so that the owner-user can then plan an inspection program that focuses more resources on the higher risk equipment; while possibly saving inspection resources that are not doing an effective job of reducing risk. At the same time, if consequence of failure is a significant driving force for high risk equipment items, plant management also has the option of applying consequence mitigation steps to minimize the impact of a hazardous release, should one occur. The target audience for this paper is engineers, inspectors, and managers who want to understand what API Risk-Based Inspection is all about, what are the benefits and limitations of RBI, and how inspection practices can be changed to reduce risks and/or save costs without impacting safety risk. (Author)

  18. Desktop grid computing

    CERN Document Server

    Cerin, Christophe

    2012-01-01

    Desktop Grid Computing presents common techniques used in numerous models, algorithms, and tools developed during the last decade to implement desktop grid computing. These techniques enable the solution of many important sub-problems for middleware design, including scheduling, data management, security, load balancing, result certification, and fault tolerance. The book's first part covers the initial ideas and basic concepts of desktop grid computing. The second part explores challenging current and future problems. Each chapter presents the sub-problems, discusses theoretical and practical

  19. Linux Desktop Pocket Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Brickner, David

    2005-01-01

    While Mac OS X garners all the praise from pundits, and Windows XP attracts all the viruses, Linux is quietly being installed on millions of desktops every year. For programmers and system administrators, business users, and educators, desktop Linux is a breath of fresh air and a needed alternative to other operating systems. The Linux Desktop Pocket Guide is your introduction to using Linux on five of the most popular distributions: Fedora, Gentoo, Mandriva, SUSE, and Ubuntu. Despite what you may have heard, using Linux is not all that hard. Firefox and Konqueror can handle all your web bro

  20. HTTP-based Search and Ordering Using ECHO's REST-based and OpenSearch APIs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baynes, K.; Newman, D. J.; Pilone, D.

    2012-12-01

    Metadata is an important entity in the process of cataloging, discovering, and describing Earth science data. NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) ClearingHOuse (ECHO) acts as the core metadata repository for EOSDIS data centers, providing a centralized mechanism for metadata and data discovery and retrieval. By supporting both the ESIP's Federated Search API and its own search and ordering interfaces, ECHO provides multiple capabilities that facilitate ease of discovery and access to its ever-increasing holdings. Users are able to search and export metadata in a variety of formats including ISO 19115, json, and ECHO10. This presentation aims to inform technically savvy clients interested in automating search and ordering of ECHO's metadata catalog. The audience will be introduced to practical and applicable examples of end-to-end workflows that demonstrate finding, sub-setting and ordering data that is bound by keyword, temporal and spatial constraints. Interaction with the ESIP OpenSearch Interface will be highlighted, as will ECHO's own REST-based API.

  1. Desktop Manufacturing Technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Mark

    1991-01-01

    Desktop manufacturing is the use of data from a computer-assisted design system to construct actual models of an object. Emerging processes are stereolithography, laser sintering, ballistic particle manufacturing, laminated object manufacturing, and photochemical machining. (SK)

  2. Yahoo!Search and Web API Utilized Mashup based e-Leaning Content Search Engine for Mobile Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Kohei Arai

    2015-01-01

    Mashup based content search engine for mobile devices is proposed. Mashup technology is defined as search engine with plural different APIs. Mash-up has not only the plural APIs, but also the following specific features, (1) it enables classifications of the contents in concern by using web 2.0, (2) it may use API from the different sites, (3) it allows information retrievals from both sides of client and server, (4) it may search contents as an arbitrary structured hybrid content which is mi...

  3. VMware Horizon 6 desktop virtualization solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Cartwright, Ryan; Langone, Jason; Leibovici, Andre

    2014-01-01

    If you are a desktop architect, solution provider, end-user consultant, virtualization engineer, or anyone who wants to learn how to plan and design the implementation of a virtual desktop solution based on Horizon 6, then this book is for you. An understanding of VMware vSphere fundamentals coupled with experience in the installation or administration of a VMware environment would be a plus during reading.

  4. Web-based mapping : An evaluation of four JavaScript APIs

    OpenAIRE

    Näslund, Magnus

    2008-01-01

    As a result of Web 2.0 technologies such as Asynchronous JavaScript and XML (Ajax) web-based applications with rich contents are evolving to be more and more like normal applications in aspects, such as interactivity, functionality, and usability. This evolvement makes it possible to create web-based services, providing maps for users to search and browse geographic information. This thesis is an evaluation of functionality, usability and accuracy for the four web-based map APIs: Google Maps,...

  5. Nondestructive inspection of chemical warfare based on API-TOF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Real-time, fast, accurate, nondestructive inspection (NDI) and quantitative analysis for chemical warfare are very imperative for chemical defense, anti-terror and nation security. Purpose: Associated Particles Technique (APT)/Neutron Time of Flight (TOF) has been developed for non-invasive inspection of sealed containers with chemical warfare agents. Methods: A prototype equipment for chemical warfare is consisted of an APT neutron generator with a 3×3 matrix of semiconductor detectors of associated alpha-particles, the shielding protection of neutron and gamma-ray, arrayed NaI(Tl)-based detectors of gamma-rays, fully-digital data acquisition electronics, data analysis, decision-making software, support platform and remote control system. Inelastic scattering gamma-ray pulse height spectra of sarin, VX, mustard gas and adamsite induced by 14-MeV neutron are measured. The energies of these gamma rays are used to identify the inelastic scattering elements, and the intensities of the peaks at these energies are used to reveal their concentrations. Results: The characteristic peaks of inelastic scattering gamma-ray pulse height spectra show that the prototype equipment can fast and accurately inspect chemical warfare. Conclusion: The equipment can be used to detect not only chemical warfare agents but also other hazardous materials, such as chemical/toxic/drug materials, if their chemical composition is in any way different from that of the surrounding materials. (authors)

  6. Risk analysis of heat recovery steam generator with semi quantitative risk based inspection API 581

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prayogo, Galang Sandy; Haryadi, Gunawan Dwi; Ismail, Rifky; Kim, Seon Jin

    2016-04-01

    Corrosion is a major problem that most often occurs in the power plant. Heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) is an equipment that has a high risk to the power plant. The impact of corrosion damage causing HRSG power plant stops operating. Furthermore, it could be threaten the safety of employees. The Risk Based Inspection (RBI) guidelines by the American Petroleum Institute (API) 58 has been used to risk analysis in the HRSG 1. By using this methodology, the risk that caused by unexpected failure as a function of the probability and consequence of failure can be estimated. This paper presented a case study relating to the risk analysis in the HRSG, starting with a summary of the basic principles and procedures of risk assessment and applying corrosion RBI for process industries. The risk level of each HRSG equipment were analyzed: HP superheater has a medium high risk (4C), HP evaporator has a medium-high risk (4C), and the HP economizer has a medium risk (3C). The results of the risk assessment using semi-quantitative method of standard API 581 based on the existing equipment at medium risk. In the fact, there is no critical problem in the equipment components. Damage mechanisms were prominent throughout the equipment is thinning mechanism. The evaluation of the risk approach was done with the aim of reducing risk by optimizing the risk assessment activities.

  7. Speed Improvement of Desktop 3D Printer Based on FDM%基于FDM的桌面型3D打印机速度提升技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍倪燕; 傅贵兴; 廖璘志

    2016-01-01

    由于桌面型3D打印机是一种以数字模型文件为基础的累积制造技术,容易受到打印速度的影响降低打印机工作效率,传统的桌面型3D打印机采用单路固定数据传输和逐层打印的方式,增加了打印时间,导致打印速度慢的问题。提出基于频分多路复用(FDM)的桌面型3D打印机速度提升算法。分析了桌面型3D打印机的工作原理,设计桌面型3D打印机的喷墨控制模型,采用打印效率和打印速度对偶分析方法,融入频分多路复用(FDM)方法实现桌面型3D打印机的多目标集优化控制,并对速度量化指标进行评估,根据不同频率传送各路打印请求消息,实现打印速度提升。仿真实验表明,该技术能有效降低各路打印输入信号的干扰频谱,实现3D打印机的喷墨准确控制,大幅降低打印时间和内存开销,提高打印速度。%Desktop 3 d printer is a kind of based on the digital model file, the accumulation of manufacturing technology of 3 d printers print speed is one of the important parameters reflect the printer work efficiency, the traditional desktop 3 d printer using single-channel fixed data transmission, affect the printing speed. Based on frequency division multiplexing (FDM) desktop 3 d printer faster algorithm. Desktop 3 d printer is analyzed the working principle of the design of a desktop 3 d printer ink jet control model, the printing and printing speed dual efficiency analysis method, integrated into the frequency division multiplexing (FDM) method implementation desktop 3 d printer set of multi-objective optimal control, and to evaluate speed quantitative indicators, according to the different frequency transfer print request message of all stripes, printing speed. Simulation experiments show that the technology can effectively reduce various print spectrum of input signal, realizes the 3 d printer inkjet accurate control, greatly reduce printing time and

  8. Wireless Laser Desktop 6000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    另一款无线套装Wireless Laser Desktop 6000采用了此前发布的Wireless Laser Mouse 6000鼠标,新的键盘也具有放大镜、“Gadgets”、”Live Call”等按键。今年9月上市,售价9995美元。

  9. Corporate Consumer Contact API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The data in the Corporate Consumer Contact API is based on the content you can find in the Corporate Consumer Contact listing in the Consumer Action Handbook (PDF)....

  10. Desk Congest Desktop Congesting Software for Desktop Clutter Congestion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solomon A. Adepoju

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The computer desktop environment is a working environment which can be likened unto a users desk in homes and offices. Often times the computer desktop get cluttered with files either as shortcuts used for quick links files stored temporarily to be accessed later or just being dumped there for no vivid reasons. However previous researches have shown that cluttered desktop affects users productivity and getting these files organized is a laborious task for most users. To be able to conveniently alleviate the effect clutters have on users performances and productivity there is need for third party software that will help get the desktop environment organized in a logical and efficient manner. It is to this end that desktop decongesting software is being designed and implemented to help curb clutter problems which existing tools have only partially addressed. The system is designed using Visual Basic .Net and it proves to be effective in tackling desktop congestion problem.

  11. A Web-Based Interactive Mapping System of State Wide School Performance: Integrating Google Maps API Technology into Educational Achievement Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Kening; Mulvenon, Sean W.; Stegman, Charles; Anderson, Travis

    2008-01-01

    Google Maps API (Application Programming Interface), released in late June 2005 by Google, is an amazing technology that allows users to embed Google Maps in their own Web pages with JavaScript. Google Maps API has accelerated the development of new Google Maps based applications. This article reports a Web-based interactive mapping system…

  12. Design and Implement AN Interoperable Internet of Things Application Based on AN Extended Ogc Sensorthings Api Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, C. Y.; Wu, C. H.

    2016-06-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is an infrastructure that interconnects uniquely-identifiable devices using the Internet. By interconnecting everyday appliances, various monitoring and physical mashup applications can be constructed to improve people's daily life. However, IoT devices created by different manufacturers follow different proprietary protocols and cannot communicate with each other. This heterogeneity issue causes different products to be locked in multiple closed ecosystems that we call IoT silos. In order to address this issue, a common industrial solution is the hub approach, which implements connectors to communicate with IoT devices following different protocols. However, with the growing number of proprietary protocols proposed by device manufacturers, IoT hubs need to support and maintain a lot of customized connectors. Hence, we believe the ultimate solution to address the heterogeneity issue is to follow open and interoperable standard. Among the existing IoT standards, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) SensorThings API standard supports comprehensive conceptual model and query functionalities. The first version of SensorThings API mainly focuses on connecting to IoT devices and sharing sensor observations online, which is the sensing capability. Besides the sensing capability, IoT devices could also be controlled via the Internet, which is the tasking capability. While the tasking capability was not included in the first version of the SensorThings API standard, this research aims on defining the tasking capability profile and integrates with the SensorThings API standard, which we call the extended-SensorThings API in this paper. In general, this research proposes a lightweight JSON-based web service description, the "Tasking Capability Description", allowing device owners and manufacturers to describe different IoT device protocols. Through the extended- SensorThings API, users and applications can follow a coherent protocol to control Io

  13. Correlation Between Microstructures and Tensile Properties of Strain-Based API X60 Pipeline Steels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Hyo Kyung; Lee, Dong Ho; Lee, Sunghak; Kim, Hyoung Seop; Ro, Yunjo; Lee, Chang Sun; Hwang, Byoungchul; Shin, Sang Yong

    2016-06-01

    The correlation between the microstructures and tensile properties of strain-based American Petroleum Institute (API) X60 pipeline steels was investigated. Eight types of strain-based API X60 pipeline steels were fabricated by varying the chemical compositions, such as C, Ni, Cr, and Mo, and the finish cooling temperatures, such as single-phase and dual-phase regions. In the 4N and 5C steels, the volume fractions of bainitic ferrite (BF) and the secondary phases increased with the increasing C and adding Cr instead of Ni. In the 5C and 6NC steels, the volume fractions of acicular ferrite (AF) and BF decreased with increasing C and adding Ni, whereas the volume fractions of polygonal ferrite (PF) and the secondary phases increased. In the 6NC and 6NM steels, the volume fraction of BF was increased by adding Mo instead of Cr, whereas the volume fractions of PF and the secondary phases decreased. In the steels rolled in the single-phase region, the volume fraction of polygonal ferrite ranged from 40 to 60 pct and the volume fraction of AF ranged from 20 to 40 pct. In the steels rolled in the dual-phase region, however, the volume fraction of PF was more than 70 pct and the volume fraction of AF was below 20 pct. The strength of the steels with a high volume fraction of AF was higher than those of the steels with a high volume fraction of PF, whereas the yield point elongation and the strain hardening exponent were opposite. The uniform elongation after the thermal aging process decreased with increasing volume fraction of PF, whereas the uniform elongation increased with increasing volume fraction of AF. The strain hardening exponent increased with increasing volume fraction of PF, but decreased with increasing volume fraction of AF and effective grain size.

  14. Recalls API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — This Recalls API allows you to tap into a list of (1) drug and food safety recalls from the Food and Drug Administration, Food Safety and Inspection Service, and...

  15. Helioviewer API

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Helioviewer Project maintains a set of Public APIs with the goal of improving access to solar and heliospheric datasets to scientists, educators, developers,...

  16. Jobs API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — This Jobs API returns job openings across the federal government and includes all current openings posted on USAJobs.gov that are open to the public and located in...

  17. A web-based remote radiation treatment planning system using the remote desktop function of a computer operating system: a preliminary report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Keishiro; Hirasawa, Yukinori; Yaegashi, Yuji; Miyamoto, Hideki; Shirato, Hiroki

    2009-01-01

    We developed a web-based, remote radiation treatment planning system which allowed staff at an affiliated hospital to obtain support from a fully staffed central institution. Network security was based on a firewall and a virtual private network (VPN). Client computers were installed at a cancer centre, at a university hospital and at a staff home. We remotely operated the treatment planning computer using the Remote Desktop function built in to the Windows operating system. Except for the initial setup of the VPN router, no special knowledge was needed to operate the remote radiation treatment planning system. There was a time lag that seemed to depend on the volume of data traffic on the Internet, but it did not affect smooth operation. The initial cost and running cost of the system were reasonable. PMID:19948709

  18. Facebook API

    OpenAIRE

    Hlaváček, Josef

    2011-01-01

    Bachelor Thesis deals with Facebook Platform utilization in web application development. Thesis is devided into five chapters, three of them are theoretical and two are pracical. First chapter deals with web APIs in general view and provides information about the basic comunication methods. The second chapter focuses on Facebook architecture, specific Facebook APIs, FQL and the Facebook Platform. The third chapter introduces Facebook Developer tools, CakePHP framework and describes setting up...

  19. Genetic structure of Apis mellifera macedonica in the Balkan Peninsula based on microsatellite DNA polymorphism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uzunov, Aleksandar; Meixner, Marina D; Kiprijanovska, Hrisula;

    2014-01-01

    The genetic variability of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) from south eastern Europe was investigated using microsatellite analyses of 107 samples from Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Greece and Bulgaria together with 42 reference samples (Apis mellifera carnica) from Slovenia. Genetic structure...... and spatial analyses of the microsatellite data showed a clear distinction between the Slovenian bees and all other populations, and confirmed the existence of Apis mellifera macedonica as an indigenous honey bee population in the regions that were sampled. In most areas however, varying degrees of...

  20. 基于API依赖关系的代码相似度分析%Code Similarity Analysis Based on API Dependence Relation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚新磊; 庞建民; 岳峰; 余勇

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the problem of API feature obfuscation caused by API noise and API rearrangement which traditional System Call Dependence Graph(SCDG) can not eliminate, this paper presents a malicious code similarity analysis method based on API dependence. The method uses a program behavior description based on SCDG composed of control dependence and four types of data dependence between APIs. API noise and API rearrangement are eliminated through data dependence analysis and control dependence normalization. Experimental results show that, compared with API sequence similarity analysis method, this method significantly improves the accuracy of the similarity analysis of malicious code.%针对传统系统调用依赖图(SCDG)不能很好地消除API噪声、API重排等API特征混淆的问题,提出一种基于API依赖关系的恶意代码相似度分析方法.采用由API控制依赖关系和4类数据依赖关系组成的SCDG程序行为描述方式,通过数据依赖关系分析和控制依赖关系归一化,消除SCDG中的API噪声和API重排.实验结果表明,与API序列相似度分析方式相比,该方法能提高恶意代码相似度分析的准确性.

  1. Yahoo!Search and Web API Utilized Mashup based e-Leaning Content Search Engine for Mobile Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohei Arai

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mashup based content search engine for mobile devices is proposed. Mashup technology is defined as search engine with plural different APIs. Mash-up has not only the plural APIs, but also the following specific features, (1 it enables classifications of the contents in concern by using web 2.0, (2 it may use API from the different sites, (3 it allows information retrievals from both sides of client and server, (4 it may search contents as an arbitrary structured hybrid content which is mixed content formed with the individual content from the different sites, (5 it enabling to utilize REST, RSS, Atom, etc. which are formed from XML conversions. The mash-up should be a flexible search engine for any purposes of content retrievals. The proposed search system allows 3D space display of search menus with these peculiarities on Android devices. The proposed search system featuring Yahoo!search BOSS and Web API is also applied for e-learning content retrievals. It is confirmed that the system can be used for search a variety of e-learning content in concern efficiently.

  2. An interactive physics-based unmanned ground vehicle simulator leveraging open source gaming technology: progress in the development and application of the virtual autonomous navigation environment (VANE) desktop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohde, Mitchell M.; Crawford, Justin; Toschlog, Matthew; Iagnemma, Karl D.; Kewlani, Guarav; Cummins, Christopher L.; Jones, Randolph A.; Horner, David A.

    2009-05-01

    It is widely recognized that simulation is pivotal to vehicle development, whether manned or unmanned. There are few dedicated choices, however, for those wishing to perform realistic, end-to-end simulations of unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs). The Virtual Autonomous Navigation Environment (VANE), under development by US Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC), provides such capabilities but utilizes a High Performance Computing (HPC) Computational Testbed (CTB) and is not intended for on-line, real-time performance. A product of the VANE HPC research is a real-time desktop simulation application under development by the authors that provides a portal into the HPC environment as well as interaction with wider-scope semi-automated force simulations (e.g. OneSAF). This VANE desktop application, dubbed the Autonomous Navigation Virtual Environment Laboratory (ANVEL), enables analysis and testing of autonomous vehicle dynamics and terrain/obstacle interaction in real-time with the capability to interact within the HPC constructive geo-environmental CTB for high fidelity sensor evaluations. ANVEL leverages rigorous physics-based vehicle and vehicle-terrain interaction models in conjunction with high-quality, multimedia visualization techniques to form an intuitive, accurate engineering tool. The system provides an adaptable and customizable simulation platform that allows developers a controlled, repeatable testbed for advanced simulations. ANVEL leverages several key technologies not common to traditional engineering simulators, including techniques from the commercial video-game industry. These enable ANVEL to run on inexpensive commercial, off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware. In this paper, the authors describe key aspects of ANVEL and its development, as well as several initial applications of the system.

  3. USAJOBS Job Opportunity Announcements (JOA) REST API

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — This REST-based API is designed to support lightweight Federal Job Opportunity Announcement (JOA) content consumption by consumers. It is anticipated that this API...

  4. USAJOBS Job Opportunity Announcements (JOA) SOAP API

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The purpose of the SOAP based API is to provide the full Federal Job Opportunity Announcement (JOA) content to the consumer. It is anticipated that this API will be...

  5. Studi Aplikasi Metode Risk Based Inspection (RBI Semi-Kuantitatif API 581 pada Production Separator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moamar Al Qathafi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Risk Based Inspection (RBI merupakan sebuah metode untuk merancang inspeksi dengan menggunakan dasar resiko yang dimiliki oleh alat pada unit kerja. Pada tugas akhir ini peralatan yang diteliti adalah Production Separator. Dimana production separator merupakan salah satu jenis pressure vessel. Pressure vessel adalah alat yang memiliki tekanan dan temperatur berbeda dengan kondisi lingkungan untuk menyesuaikan dengan fluida. Sebagaimana yang telah diketahui, bahwa setiap alat yang menggunakan tekanan dalam kerjanya diperlukan sebuah inspeksi untuk meyakinkan alat dapat berkerja secara baik. Hal ini dikarenakan jika terjadi kegagalan maka akibat yang ditimbulkan sangat besar baik pada manusia maupun lingkungan. Metode yang digunakan dalam tugas akhir ini adalah metode Risk Based Inspection Semi-Kuantitatif API 581, yang nantinya akan menghasilkan nilai resiko dan risk level dari alat. Hasil dari analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 24 bagian memiliki tingkat resiko medium risk dan 4 bagian memiliki tingkat resiko medium high risk. Dengan mekanisme kerusakan thinning maka disarankan untuk melakukan inspeksi selanjutnya tidak melebihi setengah sisa umur pakai. Untuk metode inspeksi yang disarankan adalah visual examination dan ultrasonic test.

  6. Research on API Based on Visual Programming Platforms%基于可视化平台的 API 接口研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关玉蓉

    2015-01-01

    In a variety of visual programming platforms, especially with the external network environment, , a large number of API functions under Windows can help reflect strong advanced programming skills proving to be a multiplier effect. This paper firstly introduces the API function and the dynamic link library DLL, then briefly ex-plains the classification of API functions, and focuses on how to call the API function and its application of API function in the visual platform. The paper finally describes the skills and notes to pay attention for users when call-ing the API function, which enables them to master the advanced programming skills of API interface.%在各种可视化编程平台中,尤其是与外部网络环境相结合,为了体现强大的高级编程能力,可用Windows系统提供的大量API函数,必然会起到事半功倍的效果。本文首先介绍了API函数以及动态链接库DLL,其次简要说明了API函数的分类,然后重点分析了在可视化平台中如何调用API函数及其应用API函数的高级编程能力,最后阐述了用户调用API函数的技巧和注意事项,以提高用户灵活掌握API接口的高级编程应用能力。

  7. Memory support for desktop search

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Yi; Kelly, Liadh; Jones, Gareth J.F.

    2010-01-01

    The user's memory plays a very important role in desktop search. A search query with insufficiently or inaccurately recalled information may make the search dramatically less effective. In this paper, we discuss three approaches to support user’s memory during desktop search. These include extended types of well remembered search options, the use of past search queries and results, and search from similar items. We will also introduce our search system which incorporates these featur...

  8. Contracting the Facebook API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Rubinger

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, there has been an explosive growth in the popularity of online social networks such as Facebook. In a new twist, third party developers are now able to create their own web applications which plug into Facebook and work with Facebook's "social" data, enabling the entire Facebook user base of more than 400 million active users to use such applications. These client applications can contain subtle errors that can be hard to debug if they misuse the Facebook API. In this paper we present an experience report on applying Microsoft's new code contract system for the .NET framework to the Facebook API.We wrote contracts for several classes in the Facebook API wrapper which allows Microsoft .NET developers to implement Facebook applications. We evaluated the usefulness of these contracts during implementation of a new Facebook application. Our experience indicates that having code contracts provides a better and quicker software development experience.

  9. Using a multi-user desktop-based virtual reality system to recreate the São Miguel das Missões ruins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, Selan R; Fraga, Letícia S

    2002-10-01

    This paper presents a project initiated back in 1999, in which Virtual Reality is applied in order to create a virtual community over the Internet. The desktop-based multi-user virtual reality system recreates a three-dimensional environment based on photogrammetric maps from the São Miguel das Missões church ruins. The ruins correspond to one of the Jesuit Mission (settlement) which was active in the south of Brazil in the 17th and 18th centuries. It has a great importance to the local region in terms of cultural, historic, and tourist aspects. It has also been inscribed in the UNESCO's world heritage list since 1983. This electronic mock-up allows several interactive operations such as community chats, electronic message exchanging, message boards, walking-through, discussion groups, and embedding of other media such as movies, sound, and html pages. The only requirement necessary to access the community is a web browser powered with any Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) plug-in freely available over the Internet. It is expected that such a solution improves the conservation and dissemination of the Brazilian historic patrimony, congregating history, art, and tourist information in one place on the Internet. PMID:12448784

  10. Building Hypermedia APIs with HTML5 and Node

    CERN Document Server

    Amundsen, Mike

    2011-01-01

    With this concise book, you'll learn the art of building hypermedia APIs that don't simply run on the Web, but that actually exist in the Web. You'll start with the general principles and technologies behind this architectural approach, and then dive hands-on into three fully-functional API examples. Too many APIs rely on concepts rooted in desktop and local area network patterns that don't scale well-costly solutions that are difficult to maintain over time. This book shows system architects and web developers how to design and implement human- and machine-readable web services that remain

  11. THE EMPIRICAL STUDY OF DESKTOP VIRTUAL TEACHING EVALUATION BASED ON TELEPRESENCE%基于临场感的桌面虚拟现实教学评价实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴凤义; 程群群

    2014-01-01

    In order to evaluate the desktop virtual situational teaching, this paper, based on the social telepresence theory, adopts the method of the exploratory factor analysis to analyze the structure of the desktop virtual situational telepresence. On this ba-sis, this paper further studies the relativity between the desktop virtual situational telepresence and learning performance. The results show that the desktop virtual situational telepresence possesses the clear structure, including the four common factors, namely, the reality, interaction, and immersion, multi-sensation. There is a good correlation between the desktop virtual situa-tional telepresence and students’ learning satisfaction.%为对桌面虚拟现实情景教学进行评价。基于社会临场感理论,采用探索性因子分析法对桌面虚拟现实情境临场感结构进行分析。在此基础上,进一步研究了虚拟现实情境临场感与学习绩效相关性。研究表明:桌面虚拟现实情境临场感具有清晰结构特征,包括真实感、交互性、沉浸感、多感知性等四个公因子。桌面虚拟现实各临场感与学生学习满意度具有较好相关性。

  12. 双目视觉的台球桌面的三维重构%3D Reconstruction of Desktop of Table Tennis Based on the Binocular Vision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭飞; 王朝立; 袁伟

    2013-01-01

    At present, with the rapid development of the computer technologies which has grown dramatically, and there are more and more sports competition where some high and new technologies are emploited as the electronic referee to assist referee to do the decisions, in order to achieve the spirit of fair play which respected by Olympic. During this process, the camera plays an important role in computer vision. 3D reconstruction is a process based on a single view or multi-view images to obtain the 3D information in the field of computer vision. In this paper, in order to complete a task about three-dimensional reconstruction of desktop of Table tennis, we take 3D reconstruction technologies in computer vision as the mainly research object, including specific details about the theoretical knowledge on the binocular vision and the reconstruction algorithm provided by the computer vision library OpenCV. The 3D reconstruction of billiards desktop have strong practical significance, which laid a good foundation for the electronic referee to work in the billiards competition.%  随着计算机技术的迅猛发展,在越来越多的体育比赛中纷纷出现了电子裁判来辅助裁判进行判罚工作,以实现奥林匹克的公平竞赛精神。而在实现这种数字化裁判的过程中,摄像机在计算机视觉中起着重要的作用,三维重构就是根据单视图或者多视图的图像重建三维信息的过程。主要以计算机视觉中的三维重构技术作为研究对象,具体详述了有关双目视觉的一些理论知识,充分利用计算机视觉库OpenCV提供的重建算法,来完成对台球桌面的三维重构工作。台球桌面的三维重构具有很强的现实意义,为电子裁判进入桌球比赛打下了良好的基础。

  13. 3D Reconstruction of Desktop of Table Tennis Based on the Binocular Vision%双目视觉的台球桌面的三维重构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭飞; 王朝立; 袁伟

    2013-01-01

    At present, with the rapid development of the computer technologies which has grown dramatically, and there are more and more sports competition where some high and new technologies are emploited as the electronic referee to assist referee to do the decisions, in order to achieve the spirit of fair play which respected by Olympic. During this process, the camera plays an important role in computer vision. 3D reconstruction is a process based on a single view or multi-view images to obtain the 3D information in the field of computer vision. In this paper, in order to complete a task about three-dimensional reconstruction of desktop of Table tennis, we take 3D reconstruction technologies in computer vision as the mainly research object, including specific details about the theoretical knowledge on the binocular vision and the reconstruction algorithm provided by the computer vision library OpenCV. The 3D reconstruction of billiards desktop have strong practical significance, which laid a good foundation for the electronic referee to work in the billiards competition.%  随着计算机技术的迅猛发展,在越来越多的体育比赛中纷纷出现了电子裁判来辅助裁判进行判罚工作,以实现奥林匹克的公平竞赛精神。而在实现这种数字化裁判的过程中,摄像机在计算机视觉中起着重要的作用,三维重构就是根据单视图或者多视图的图像重建三维信息的过程。主要以计算机视觉中的三维重构技术作为研究对象,具体详述了有关双目视觉的一些理论知识,充分利用计算机视觉库OpenCV提供的重建算法,来完成对台球桌面的三维重构工作。台球桌面的三维重构具有很强的现实意义,为电子裁判进入桌球比赛打下了良好的基础。

  14. The IRMIS object model and services API

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relational model developed for the Integrated Relational Model of Installed Systems (IRMIS) toolkit has been successfully used to capture the Advanced Photon Source (APS) control system software (EPICS process variables and their definitions). The relational tables are populated by a crawler script that parses each Input/Output Controller (IOC) start-up file when an IOC reboot is detected. User interaction is provided by a Java Swing application that acts as a desktop for viewing the process variable information. Mapping between the display objects and the relational tables was carried out with the Hibernate Object Relational Modeling (ORM) framework. Work is well underway at the APS to extend the relational modeling to include control system hardware. For this work, due in part to the complex user interaction required, the primary application development environment has shifted from the relational database view to the object oriented (Java) perspective. With this approach, the business logic is executed in Java rather than in SQL stored procedures. This paper describes the object model used to represent control system software, hardware, and interconnects in IRMIS. We also describe the services API used to encapsulate the required behaviors for creating and maintaining the complex data. In addition to the core schema and object model, many important concepts in IRMIS are captured by the services API. IRMIS is an ambitious collaborative effort for defining and developing a relational database and associated applications to comprehensively document the large and complex EPICS-based control systems of today's accelerators. The documentation effort includes process variables, control system hardware, and interconnections. The approach could also be used to document all components of the accelerator, including mechanical, vacuum, power supplies, etc. One key aspect of IRMIS is that it is a documentation framework, not a design and development tool. We do not

  15. The Point Lepreau Desktop Simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Point Lepreau Desktop Simulator runs plant process modeling software on a 266 MHz single CPU DEC Alpha computer. This same Alpha also runs the plant control computer software on an SSCI 125 emulator. An adjacent Pentium PC runs the simulator's Instructor Facility software, and communicates with the Alpha through an Ethernet. The Point Lepreau Desktop simulator is constructed to be as similar as possible to the Point Lepreau full scope training simulator. This minimizes total maintenance costs and enhances the benefits of the desktop simulator. Both simulators have the same modeling running on a single CPU in the same schedule of calculations. Both simulators have the same Instructor Facility capable of developing and executing the same lesson plans, doing the same monitoring and control of simulations, inserting all the same malfunctions, performing all the same overrides, capable of making and restoring all the same storepoints. Both simulators run the same plant control computer software - the same assembly language control programs as the power plant uses for reactor control, heat transport control, annunciation, etc. This is a higher degree of similarity between a desktop simulator and a full scope training simulator than previously reported for a computer controlled nuclear plant. The large quantity of control room hardware missing from the desktop simulator is replaced by software. The Instructor Facility panel override software of the training simulator provides the means by which devices (switches, controllers, windows, etc.) on the control room panels can be controlled and monitored in the desktop simulator. The CRT of the Alpha provides a mouse operated DCC keyboard mimic for controlling the plant control computer emulation. Two emulated RAMTEK display channels appear as windows for monitoring anything of interest on plant DCC displays, including one channel for annunciation. (author)

  16. Drug Interaction API

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Interaction API is a web service for accessing drug-drug interactions. No license is needed to use the Interaction API. Currently, the API uses DrugBank for its...

  17. Adaptive characterization method for desktop color printers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Hui-Liang; Zheng, Zhi-Huan; Jin, Chong-Chao; Du, Xin; Shao, Si-Jie; Xin, John H.

    2013-04-01

    With the rapid development of multispectral imaging technique, it is desired that the spectral color can be accurately reproduced using desktop color printers. However, due to the specific spectral gamuts determined by printer inks, it is almost impossible to exactly replicate the reflectance spectra in other media. In addition, as ink densities can not be individually controlled, desktop printers can only be regarded as red-green-blue devices, making physical models unfeasible. We propose a locally adaptive method, which consists of both forward and inverse models, for desktop printer characterization. In the forward model, we establish the adaptive transform between control values and reflectance spectrum on individual cellular subsets by using weighted polynomial regression. In the inverse model, we first determine the candidate space of the control values based on global inverse regression and then compute the optimal control values by minimizing the color difference between the actual spectrum and the predicted spectrum via forward transform. Experimental results show that the proposed method can reproduce colors accurately for different media under multiple illuminants.

  18. Webometrische Analysen mit Hilfe der Google Web APIs

    OpenAIRE

    Mayr, Philipp; Tosques, Fabio

    2005-01-01

    This report describes possibilities and restrictions of the Google Web APIs (Google API). The implementation of the Google API in the context of information science studies from the webometrics field shows, that the Google API can be used with restrictions for internet based studies. The comparison of hit results from the two Google interfaces Google API and the standard web interface Google.com (Google Web) shows differences concerning range, structure und availability. The study bases on si...

  19. A Course in Desktop Publishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somerick, Nancy M.

    1992-01-01

    Describes "Promotional Publications," a required course for public relations majors, which teaches the basics of desktop publishing. Outlines how the course covers the preparation of publications used as communication tools in public relations, advertising, and organizations, with an emphasis upon design, layout, and technology. (MM)

  20. 基于 Spring 的 API 自动化测试系统的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of API Automation Testing System Based on Spring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈茉莉; 张会林; 刘波; 张洋洋

    2015-01-01

    随着移动 APP 数据量的指数级增长,用户对软件质量的要求越来越高,软件测试的重要性日益突出。在目前的大环境中,测试主要还是靠手工来完成。手工测试不可避免地会带来很多偏差。因此,API 测试的自动化,能有效地提高测试效率。文中开发了基于 Spring 的 API 自动化测试系统。这个系统专门用于 API 的测试,主要采用了 Spring 的框架,利用 Spring 的 IOC 将代码简化,采用分层设计的思想,运用 Spring 的 DAO 模式将业务逻辑和数据分层,结合 TestNG测试框架,将测试用例和测试代码分离。%With the exponential growth of mobile APP data,the user is more and more high to the software quality re-quest,the importance of the software tests is prominent day by day.In the current environment,the testing is still primari-ly relied on manual to complete.The manual tests inevitably will bring a lot of deviation.Therefore,using automation to test the API,will effectively improve the efficiency of testers.This article has developed API automation test system based on the Spring.This system is specially applied in the API test.It mainly used the Spring frame,simplified the code by the IOC of Spring,using the thought of lamination design,separated the business logic and data by DAO mode of Spring,com-bined with the TestNG testing frame,separated the testing cases and testing code.

  1. Study of an API migration for two XML APIs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartholomei, T.T.; Czarnecki, K.; Lämmel, R.; Storm, T. van der; Brand, M.G.J. van den; Gasevic, D.; Gray, J.

    2010-01-01

    API migration refers to adapting an application such that its dependence on a given API (the source API) is eliminated in favor of depending on an alternative API (the target API) with the source and target APIs serving the same domain. One may attempt to automate API migration by code transformatio

  2. PILOT TEST OF API Ⅱ+ BASE OIL PRODUCTION FROM XIJIANG VGOS BY ALL-HYDROPROCESSING TECHNOLOGY%西江蜡油全氢法生产 API Ⅱ+类基础油先导试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任建松; 郭春梅; 张光

    2016-01-01

    API Ⅱ+ base oils were produced from CNOOC Xijiang VGO#3 and VGO#4 using CLG high pressure all-hydroprocessing technology and catalysts in pilot plant. The test results indicate that the API Ⅱ+ 4 cSt and API Ⅱ+ 8 cSt base oils can successfully be produced by all hydroprocessing tech-nology. The viscosity indexes of two products are both >118,the cloud point < -10 ℃,and pour point <-28 ℃. Both are excellent blending components for engine oils and industrial lubes. The reac-tion temperatures of hydrocracking and isodewaxing are the most important factors on base oil yield, kinematic viscosity,viscosity index,pour point and cloud point. At the optimum reaction temperature, the 4 cSt oil yield from VGO#3 is about 64%,and the 8cSt oil yield from VGO#4 is about 54%.%以中海油西江原油减三线蜡油和减四线蜡油为原料,采用全氢法高压加氢工艺及配套催化剂,在模拟工业装置上进行了制备 API Ⅱ+类润滑油基础油的先导性试验。结果表明:采用全氢工艺可以生产符合 API Ⅱ+4 cSt 和 APIⅡ+8 cSt 指标的润滑油基础油,黏度指数达到118以上,浊点-10℃以下,倾点-28℃以下,是优异的内燃机油和工业油调合组分;加氢裂化、异构脱蜡的反应温度对产品收率、运动黏度、黏度指数、倾点、浊点等性能影响较大;在适当反应温度下,减三线蜡油的4 cSt 产品收率约64%,减四线蜡油的8 cSt 产品收率约54%。

  3. Analyzing the Change-Proneness of APIs and web APIs

    OpenAIRE

    Romano, D.

    2015-01-01

    Analyzing the Change-Proneness of APIs and web APIs APIs and web APIs are used to expose existing business logic and, hence, to ease the reuse of functionalities across multiple software systems. Software systems can use the business logic of legacy systems by binding their APIs and web APIs. With the emergence of a new programming paradigm called service-oriented, APIs are exposed as web APIs hiding the technologies used to implement legacy systems. As a consequence, web APIs establish contr...

  4. Scaling Critical Zone analysis tasks from desktop to the cloud utilizing contemporary distributed computing and data management approaches: A case study for project based learning of Cyberinfrastructure concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swetnam, T. L.; Pelletier, J. D.; Merchant, N.; Callahan, N.; Lyons, E.

    2015-12-01

    Earth science is making rapid advances through effective utilization of large-scale data repositories such as aerial LiDAR and access to NSF-funded cyberinfrastructures (e.g. the OpenTopography.org data portal, iPlant Collaborative, and XSEDE). Scaling analysis tasks that are traditionally developed using desktops, laptops or computing clusters to effectively leverage national and regional scale cyberinfrastructure pose unique challenges and barriers to adoption. To address some of these challenges in Fall 2014 an 'Applied Cyberinfrastructure Concepts' a project-based learning course (ISTA 420/520) at the University of Arizona focused on developing scalable models of 'Effective Energy and Mass Transfer' (EEMT, MJ m-2 yr-1) for use by the NSF Critical Zone Observatories (CZO) project. EEMT is a quantitative measure of the flux of available energy to the critical zone, and its computation involves inputs that have broad applicability (e.g. solar insolation). The course comprised of 25 students with varying level of computational skills and with no prior domain background in the geosciences, collaborated with domain experts to develop the scalable workflow. The original workflow relying on open-source QGIS platform on a laptop was scaled to effectively utilize cloud environments (Openstack), UA Campus HPC systems, iRODS, and other XSEDE and OSG resources. The project utilizes public data, e.g. DEMs produced by OpenTopography.org and climate data from Daymet, which are processed using GDAL, GRASS and SAGA and the Makeflow and Work-queue task management software packages. Students were placed into collaborative groups to develop the separate aspects of the project. They were allowed to change teams, alter workflows, and design and develop novel code. The students were able to identify all necessary dependencies, recompile source onto the target execution platforms, and demonstrate a functional workflow, which was further improved upon by one of the group leaders over

  5. Analyzing the Change-Proneness of APIs and web APIs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Romano, D.

    2015-01-01

    Analyzing the Change-Proneness of APIs and web APIs APIs and web APIs are used to expose existing business logic and, hence, to ease the reuse of functionalities across multiple software systems. Software systems can use the business logic of legacy systems by binding their APIs and web APIs. With t

  6. Digital video for the desktop

    CERN Document Server

    Pender, Ken

    1999-01-01

    Practical introduction to creating and editing high quality video on the desktop. Using examples from a variety of video applications, benefit from a professional's experience, step-by-step, through a series of workshops demonstrating a wide variety of techniques. These include producing short films, multimedia and internet presentations, animated graphics and special effects.The opportunities for the independent videomaker have never been greater - make sure you bring your understanding fully up to date with this invaluable guide.No prior knowledge of the technology is assumed, with explanati

  7. Healthcare Finder API

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — All of the data used on the Finder.HealthCare.gov web application is available through this API. There are multiple collections of data available through the API....

  8. NASA Techport API

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The NASA TechPort system provides a RESTful web services API to make technology project data available in a machine-readable format. This API can be used to export...

  9. ADAM (Affordable Desktop Application Manager): a Unix desktop application manager

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ADAM stands for Affordable Desktop Application Manager. It is a GUI developed at CERN with the aim to ease access to applications. The motivation to develop ADAM came from the unavailability of environments like COSE/CDE and their heavy resource consumption. ADAM has proven to be user friendly: new users are able to customize it to their needs in few minutes. Groups of users may share through ADAM a common application environment. ADAM also integrates the Unix and the PC world. PC users can excess Unix applications in the same way as their usual Windows applications. This paper describes all the ADAM features, how they are used at CERN Public Services, and the future plans for ADAM. (author)

  10. Android quick APIs reference

    CERN Document Server

    Cinar, Onur

    2015-01-01

    The Android Quick APIs Reference is a condensed code and APIs reference for the new Google Android 5.0 SDK. It presents the essential Android APIs in a well-organized format that can be used as a handy reference. You won't find any technical jargon, bloated samples, drawn out history lessons, or witty stories in this book. What you will find is a software development kit and APIs reference that is concise, to the point and highly accessible. The book is packed with useful information and is a must-have for any mobile or Android app developer or programmer. In the Android Quick APIs Refe

  11. Instant Citrix XenDesktop 5 starter

    CERN Document Server

    Magdy, Mahmoud

    2013-01-01

    Get to grips with a new technology, understand what it is and what it can do for you, and then get to work with the most important features and tasks. This easy-to-follow, hands-on guide shows you how to implement desktop virtualization with real life cases and step-by-step instructions. It is a tutorial with step-by-step instructions and adequate screenshots for the installation and administration of Citrix XenDesktop.If you are new to XenDesktop or are looking to build your skills in desktop virtualization, this is your step-by-step guide to learning Citrix XenDesktop. For those architects a

  12. Google Web APIs : an instrument for Webometric Analyses?

    OpenAIRE

    Mayr, Philipp

    2005-01-01

    This poster introduces Google Web APIs (Google APIs) as an instrument and playground for webometric studies. Several examples of Google APIs implementations in the context of webometrics are given. Our examples show that this Google Web Service can be used successfully for informetric Internet based studies albeit with some restrictions. E.g. we can show that hit results from the two different Google interfaces: Google APIs and the standard interface Google.com vary in range, structure und av...

  13. Google Web APIs - an Instrument for Webometric Analyses?

    OpenAIRE

    Mayr, Philipp; Tosques, Fabio

    2006-01-01

    This poster introduces Google Web APIs (Google APIs) as an instrument and playground for webometric studies. Several examples of Google APIs implementations in the context of webometrics are given. Our examples show that this Google Web Service can be used successfully for informetric Internet based studies albeit with some restrictions. E.g. we can show that hit results from the two different Google interfaces: Google APIs and the standard interface Google.com vary in range, structure und a...

  14. Rısk analysis for pressure vessel with external corrosion using RBI method based on API 581

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naubnome, Viktor; Haryadi, Gunawan Dwi; Ismail, Rifky; Kim, Seon Jin

    2016-04-01

    Internal corrosion and external are the one major cause of accidents in liquid and natural gas in a pressure vessel. To lessen the vessel risk level, many companies have adopted and applied risk based inspection (RBI) methodology to risk reduction equipment, This study applied RBI methodology to optimize the inspection planing of the pressure vessel in power plant unit Jawa-Bali. In API 581, the risk situation for each type of equipment was classified into four levels: low risk level, medium-risk level, medium-high-risk level, and high level. This is expressed as a risk matrix. In this paper, semi-quantitative analysis method of risk-based inspection (RBI) was carried out for reducing the failure level of risk and optimized inspection plans, risk analysis of equipment failures resulting from corrosion need to be implemented. The result RBI analysis showed that pressure vessel has a medium high risk level and medium level. Failure mechanisms that occur in the pressure vessel is general thinning.

  15. Virtual Network Computing- A Prodigious Technology For Remote Desktop Sharing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harshita Tomar

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Virtual Network Computing abbreviated as V.N.C. is a stupendous technology adverted for remote desktop sharing. It is envisioned as an open source research project in the late 1990’s which was spawned at the Oracle Research Lab. It is an intelligible protocol, based on a graphic primitive. This efficacious application is mainly contemplated for triggering and controlling remote desktop with in a network. This protocol is intrinsically used for prospecting Graphical User Interface desktops on remote machines within a LAN or over a WAN and providing access to home computing environments. Usually applications on a network can be accessed and executed by users as per the permissions ascribed by the administrator but impotent to access the desktop. The "VNC" is one such application that helps in catering the imperative facilities for inducing specific applications on a remote machine. The ingenuousness and candor makes this protocol competent, robust and puissant. The VNC protocol is utterly independent of operating system, windowing system, and applications dissonant from other remote display protocols such as the XWindow System and Citrix's ICA.The VNC server is used for sharing and dispensing its screen where as, the VNC client ganders and collaborates with the server.

  16. Desktop aligner for fabrication of multilayer microfluidic devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiang; Yu, Zeta Tak For; Geraldo, Dalton; Weng, Shinuo; Alve, Nitesh; Dun, Wu; Kini, Akshay; Patel, Karan; Shu, Roberto; Zhang, Feng; Li, Gang; Jin, Qinghui; Fu, Jianping

    2015-07-01

    Multilayer assembly is a commonly used technique to construct multilayer polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based microfluidic devices with complex 3D architecture and connectivity for large-scale microfluidic integration. Accurate alignment of structure features on different PDMS layers before their permanent bonding is critical in determining the yield and quality of assembled multilayer microfluidic devices. Herein, we report a custom-built desktop aligner capable of both local and global alignments of PDMS layers covering a broad size range. Two digital microscopes were incorporated into the aligner design to allow accurate global alignment of PDMS structures up to 4 in. in diameter. Both local and global alignment accuracies of the desktop aligner were determined to be about 20 μm cm-1. To demonstrate its utility for fabrication of integrated multilayer PDMS microfluidic devices, we applied the desktop aligner to achieve accurate alignment of different functional PDMS layers in multilayer microfluidics including an organs-on-chips device as well as a microfluidic device integrated with vertical passages connecting channels located in different PDMS layers. Owing to its convenient operation, high accuracy, low cost, light weight, and portability, the desktop aligner is useful for microfluidic researchers to achieve rapid and accurate alignment for generating multilayer PDMS microfluidic devices.

  17. API Global Sourcing Strategies 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Shannon

    2010-09-01

    The API Global Sourcing Strategies 2010 Conference, held in Berlin, included topics covering new developments in the field of global sourcing of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). This conference report highlights selected presentations on development in Eastern API markets, specifically India and China, factors influencing changes in global API sourcing, and risk mitigation in API sourcing. PMID:20799139

  18. Desktop Virtualization Solutions-A Comprehensive Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasuprada Vijayakumar

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Virtualization has become apparent in the 1960s as a practice to enhance the use of expensive computing hardware. Virtualization targets to reduce the complexity associated with deployment and maintenance of client devices, which eventually helps IT Companies to reduce system management costs. In this paper, we propose the virtualization concept expanding into many aspects of IT world. There are various virtualization technologies which include storage, desktop virtual platforms, server consolidation, virtual desktop infrastructure and application virtualization. This is the basic prerequisite for cloud computing and its applications. This paper highlights the benefits of virtualization and provides a comparative study on the various products that have been derived from it. This paper also describes how to create a virtualization strategy introducing comprehensive desktop-virtualization solutions, thereby providing a high-level guidance to help develop a desktop-virtualization strategy.

  19. VirtuMob : Remote Desktop Virtualization Solution for Smarphones

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Mobility is an important attribute in todays computing world. Mobile devices,smartphone and tablet PC are becoming an integral part of human life because they are most effective and convenient communication tools. This paper proposes a system to connect and access the desktops of remote computer systems using an android based Smartphone. Virtual Network Computing based architecture is used to develop the proposed system. Through a VirtuMob viewer provided on the users Smartphone, the user wil...

  20. Hypervisor Side Cache for Virtual Desktop Infrastructure

    OpenAIRE

    Sakdeo, Sumedh Vivek

    2012-01-01

    Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) deployments run large numbers of desktops in a virtualized environment to increase flexibility and address cost. One of the major challenges VDI faces today is the cost of high bandwidth interconnection networks to shared storage. VDI storage workloads have a number of unique characteristics which make them a target for optimization. For example, VDI workloads exhibit high amount of redundant data transfers (from shared OS images), highly bursty behavior (...

  1. An API-based search system for one click access to information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ionita, Dan; Tax, Niek; Hiemstra, Djoerd

    2013-01-01

    This paper proposes a prototype One Click access system, based on previous work in the field and the related 1CLICK-2@NTCIR10 task. The proposed solution integrates methods from into a three tier algorithm: query categorization, information extraction and output generation and offers suggestions on

  2. The JANA Calibrations and Conditions Database API

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Lawrence

    2010-07-01

    Calibrations and conditions databases can be accessed from within the JANA Event Processing framework through the API defined in its JCalibration base class. The API is designed to support everything from databases, to web services to flat files for the backend. A Web Service backend using the gSOAP toolkit has been implemented which is particularly interesting since it addresses many modern cybersecurity issues including support for SSL. The API allows constants to be retrieved through a single line of C++ code with most of the context, including the transport mechanism, being implied by the run currently being analyzed and the environment relieving developers from implementing such details.

  3. Integration of a city GIS data with Google Map API and Google Earth API for a web based 3D Geospatial Application

    OpenAIRE

    Akanbi, Adeyinka K.; Agunbiade, Olusanya Y.

    2013-01-01

    Les applications géospatiales deviennent partie indispensable des systèmes d'information, ils fournit des informations détaillées concernant les données de d'attributs d'objets spatiaux dans le monde réel. En raison des évolutions technologiques rapides dans les systèmes d'information géographique basé sur le Web, les utilisations de Web application géospatiale base varie de géolocalisation aux capacités de géolocalisation. Par conséquent, l'utilisation efficace des basé sur le Web système d'...

  4. Desktop microfactory for high precision assembly and machining

    OpenAIRE

    Zhakypov, Zhenishbek; Uzunovic, Tarik; Nergiz, Ahmet Özcan; Nergiz, Ahmet Ozcan; Baran, Eray Abdurrahman; Golubovic, Edin; Şabanoviç, Asif; Sabanovic, Asif

    2014-01-01

    This work presents a modular and reconfigurable desktop microfactory for high precision machining and assembly of micro mechanical parts. Miniature factory is inspired by the downsizing trend of the production tools. The system is constructed based on primary functional and performance requirements such as miniature size, operation with sub-millimeter precision, modular and reconfigurable structure, parallel processing capability, ease of transportation and integration. Proposed miniature fac...

  5. Using Boinc Desktop Grid To Solve Large Scale Sat Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhail Posypkin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Many practically important combinatorial problems can be efficiently reducedto a problem of Boolean satisfiability (SAT. Therefore, the implementation ofdistributed algorithms for solving SAT problems is of great importance. In thisarticle we describe a technology for organizing desktop grid, which is meantfor solving SAT problems. This technology was implemented in the form ofa volunteer computing project SAT@home based on a popular BOINC platform.

  6. Genetic diversity of Iranian honey bee (Apis mellifera meda Skorikow, 1829) populations based on ISSR markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimi, A; Mirmoayedi, A; Kahrizi, D; Zarei, L; Jamali, S

    2016-01-01

    Honey bee is one of the most important insects considering its role in agriculture,ecology and economy as a whole. In this study, the genetic diversity of different Iranian honey bee populations was evaluated using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. During May to September 2014, 108 young worker honey bees were collected from six different populations in 30 different geoclimatic locations from Golestan, Mazendaran, Guilan, West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan, Ardebil provinces of Iran. DNA was extracted from the worker honey bees. The quality and quantity of extracted DNA were measured. A set of ten primers were screened with the laboratory populations of honey bees. The number of fragments produced in the different honey bee populations varied from 3 to 10, varying within 150 to 1500 bp. The used ten ISSR primers generated 40 polymorphic fragments, and the average heterozygosity for each primer was 0.266. Maximum numbers of bands were recorded for primer A1. A dendrogram based on the Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic mean (UPGMA) method generated two sub-clusters. Honey bee populations of Golestan, Mazendaran, Guilan provinces were located in the first group. The second group included honey bee populations of Ardebil, West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan provinces, but this group showed a close relationship with other populations. The results showed obviously the ability of the ISSR marker technique to detect the genetic diversity among the honey bee populations. PMID:27188735

  7. DIRAC RESTful API

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DIRAC framework for distributed computing has been designed as a flexible and modular solution that can be adapted to the requirements of any community. Users interact with DIRAC via command line, using the web portal or accessing resources via the DIRAC python API. The current DIRAC API requires users to use a python version valid for DIRAC. Some communities have developed their own software solutions for handling their specific workload, and would like to use DIRAC as their back-end to access distributed computing resources easily. Many of these solutions are not coded in python or depend on a specific python version. To solve this gap DIRAC provides a new language agnostic API that any software solution can use. This new API has been designed following the RESTful principles. Any language with libraries to issue standard HTTP queries may use it. GSI proxies can still be used to authenticate against the API services. However GSI proxies are not a widely adopted standard. The new DIRAC API also allows clients to use OAuth for delegating the user credentials to a third party solution. These delegated credentials allow the third party software to query to DIRAC on behalf of the users. This new API will further expand the possibilities communities have to integrate DIRAC into their distributed computing models.

  8. Introducing the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System Desktop Application (HydroDesktop) and Open Development Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ames, D.; Kadlec, J.; Horsburgh, J. S.; Maidment, D. R.

    2009-12-01

    The Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Sciences (CUAHSI) Hydrologic Information System (HIS) project includes extensive development of data storage and delivery tools and standards including WaterML (a language for sharing hydrologic data sets via web services); and HIS Server (a software tool set for delivering WaterML from a server); These and other CUASHI HIS tools have been under development and deployment for several years and together, present a relatively complete software “stack” to support the consistent storage and delivery of hydrologic and other environmental observation data. This presentation describes the development of a new HIS software tool called “HydroDesktop” and the development of an online open source software development community to update and maintain the software. HydroDesktop is a local (i.e. not server-based) client side software tool that ultimately will run on multiple operating systems and will provide a highly usable level of access to HIS services. The software provides many key capabilities including data query, map-based visualization, data download, local data maintenance, editing, graphing, data export to selected model-specific data formats, linkage with integrated modeling systems such as OpenMI, and ultimately upload to HIS servers from the local desktop software. As the software is presently in the early stages of development, this presentation will focus on design approach and paradigm and is viewed as an opportunity to encourage participation in the open development community. Indeed, recognizing the value of community based code development as a means of ensuring end-user adoption, this project has adopted an “iterative” or “spiral” software development approach which will be described in this presentation.

  9. Application of desktop computers in nuclear engineering education

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Utilization of desktop computers in the academic environment is based on the same objectives as in the industrial environment - increased quality and efficiency. Desktop computers can be extremely useful teaching tools in two general areas: classroom demonstrations and homework assignments. Although differences in emphasis exist, tutorial programs share many characteristics with interactive software developed for the industrial environment. In the Reactor Design and Fuel Management course at the University of Maryland, several interactive tutorial programs provided by Energy analysis Software Service have been utilized. These programs have been designed to be sufficiently structured to permit an orderly, disciplined solution to the problem being solved, and yet be flexible enough to accommodate most problem solution options

  10. Comparing Web Applications with Desktop Applications: An Empirical Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pop, Paul

    2002-01-01

    In recent years, many desktop applications have been ported to the world wide web in order to reduce (multiplatform) development, distribution and maintenance costs. However, there is little data concerning the usability of web applications, and the impact of their usability on the total cost of...... developing and using such applications. In this paper we present a comparison of web and desktop applications from the usability point of view. The comparison is based on an empirical study that investigates the performance of a group of users on two calendaring applications: Yahoo!Calendar and Microsoft...... Calendar. The study shows that in the case of web applications the performance of the users is significantly reduced, mainly because of the restricted interaction mechanisms provided by current web browsers....

  11. ACID Astronomical and Physics Cloud Interactive Desktop: A Prototype of VUI for CTA Science Gateway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massimino, P.; Costa, A.; Becciani, U.; Vuerli, C.; Bandieramonte, M.; Petta, C.; Riggi, S.; Sciacca, E.; Vitello, F.; Pistagna, C.

    2014-05-01

    The Astronomical & Physics Cloud Interactive Desktop, developed for the prototype of CTA Science Gateway in Catania, Italy, allows to use many software packages without any installation on the local desktop. The users will be able to exploit, if applicable, the native Graphical User Interface (GUI) of the programs that are available in the ACID environment. For using interactively the remote programs, ACID exploits an "ad hoc" VNC-based User Interface (VUI).

  12. How to Use a Desktop Version of a DBMS for Client-Server Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Julian VASILEV

    2008-01-01

    DBMS (Data base management systems) still have a very high price for small and middle enterprises in Bulgaria. Desktop versions are free but they cannot function in multi-user environment. We will try to make an application server which will make a Desktop version of a DBMS open to many users. Thus, this approach will be appropriate for client-server applications. The author of the article gives a concise observation of the problem and a possible way of solution.

  13. Genetic characterization of the honeybee (Apis mellifera) population of Rodrigues Island, based on microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA

    OpenAIRE

    Techer, Maéva Angélique; Clémencet, Johanna; Turpin, Patrick; Volbert, Nicolas; Reynaud, Bernard; Delatte, Hélène

    2015-01-01

    International audience AbstractApis mellifera is present in Rodrigues, an island in the South-West Indian Ocean. The history of the established honeybee population is poorly known, and its biodiversity has never been studied. In this study, maternal origins of A. mellifera in Rodrigues have been assessed with the DraI test and sequencing of the mitochondrial COI-COII region. Nuclear genetic diversity was investigated with 18 microsatellite markers. A total of 524 colonies were sampled from...

  14. Web API Recommendation Based on User Usage History and Reputation Evaluation%基于用户使用历史与信誉评价的Web API推荐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹步清; 刘建勋; 唐明董; 谢芬方

    2015-01-01

    With the release of more and more Web API services on Internet,it becomes a challenging research problem that how to recommend Web APIs that developer user are interested in and reputation degrees are high,to construct high quality and trustworthy software service system. This paper presents Web API service recommendation approach based on user usage history and reputation evaluation ( WASR) . It computes the similarity between user history records and Web API services,and gets user interest degree. Service reputation degree is computed by considering the user score of Web API,the score contributions of those Mashup services calling the Web API, and traffic flow of Web API based on statistical data by Alexa. It ranks and recommends Web API services according to the user interest degree and service reputation degree of Web APIs. Experimental results show that this approach can recommend Web API services with higher DCG of user interest degree than those of SR-based approach,and higher DCG of service reputation degree than those of UI-based approach.%随着网络上发布的Web API服务越来越多,如何推荐给开发者用户感兴趣、信誉度高的Web API服务,以构建高质量高可信的软件服务系统,成为一个具有挑战性的研究问题。为此,提出一种基于用户使用历史与信誉评价的Web API服务推荐方法。计算用户使用历史记录与Web API之间的相似度,获得Web API的用户兴趣值。综合用户的Web API评分,调用Web API的Mashup服务的评价贡献和Alexa统计的Web API访问流量,获得Web API的信誉评价值。根据Web API的用户兴趣值以及信誉评价值,实现Web API的排名与推荐。实验结果表明,该方法推荐的Web API用户兴趣度DCG值高于SR-Based方法,服务信誉度DCG值高于UI-Based方法。

  15. GIBS API for Developers

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — API using Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) designed to deliver global, full-resolution satellite imagery to users in a highly responsive manner, enabling...

  16. Mars Rover Photos API

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This API is designed to collect image data gathered by NASA's Curiosity, Opportunity, and Spirit rovers on Mars and make it more easily available to other...

  17. IBM System i APIs at Work

    CERN Document Server

    Vining, Bruce; Hawkins, Ron

    2007-01-01

    This new edition of the bestselling i5 application programming interface (API) book includes powerful new APIs and updated code to give programmers a working knowledge of the APIs available under i5/OS. Using real business-world examples, this book explains APIs that serve webpages, list APIs, APIs that work with user spaces, dynamic index APIs, APIs that retrieve system values, job information and job queue information APIs, APIs that work with data queues, APIs for error handling and message handling, and spool file APIs, among many others. Completely revised and including eight new chapters

  18. 基于 ARM 的桌面型3D打印机控制系统设计%Design of desktop 3D printer control system based on ARM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭秀腾; 郭小定; 李小龙; 余亮

    2014-01-01

    针对基于单片机为控制器的桌面型3D打印机控制系统中存在的处理速度慢、片外芯片多、电路复杂、打印质量不高等问题,设计了基于ARM为控制器的桌面型3D打印机控制系统。系统采用了NXP公司推出的基于ARM Cortex-M3内核的LPC1768微控制器,用它进行与上位机通信、数据处理、模拟量采集与处理、信号控制,选用A4988专用两相步进电机驱动器实现步进电机细分驱动,简化步进电机细分驱动的设计,行程开关电路采用GK152红外光电传感器。软件采用了PID方式调节加热床、挤出机加热温度。文中论述了控制系统主要硬件电路设计和软件的实现流程,系统测试表明性能良好。%The desktop 3D printer control systems with a sigle-chip controller have problems of slow processing speed, more pieces of outside chips, circuit complexity and poor quality of printing.To solve these problems, a desktop 3D printer control system with an ARM controller is designed.The system employs the LPC1768 microcon-troller based on ARM Cortex-M3 core which is introduced by the NXP and used to communicate with the host com-puter, data processing, analog acquisition and processing, signal control, used A4988 special two-phase stepper motor driver to implement stepper motor subdivision drive and to simplify the drive design for stepping motor.The travel switch circuit adopts GK152 infrared photoelectric sensor.The software adopted PID method in order to adjust the heating temperature of heating bed and extruder.This paper discusses the main hardware circuit design and soft-ware realization process of the control system.The System testing shows good performance.

  19. Architectural Desktop : release 3.3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skauge, Jørn

    2002-01-01

    Øvelser i ADT's mest grundlæggende dele på basis af modellering af et lille og simpelt hus. Der arbejdes primært med værktøjerne i designdelens menu. 1. udgave med titel: Architectural Desktop (Fiskers hus). 2002. 60 sider....

  20. Aquatic Habitats: Exploring Desktop Ponds. Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Katharine; Willard, Carolyn

    This book, for grades 2-6, is designed to provide students with a highly motivating and unique opportunity to investigate an aquatic habitat. Students set up, observe, study, and reflect upon their own "desktop ponds." Accessible plants and small animals used in these activities include Elodea, Tubifex worms, snails, mosquito larvae, and fish.…

  1. Desktop Virtualization in Action: Simplicity Is Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennell, Dustin

    2010-01-01

    Discover how your institution can better manage and increase access to instructional applications and desktops while providing a blended learning environment. Receive practical insight into how academic computing virtualization can be leveraged to enhance education at your institution while lowering Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) and reducing the…

  2. Design of Automatic LeveIing Device Based on MarIin Firmware Desktop 3D Printer%基于MarIin固件桌面级3D打印机自动调平装置设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗殿栋; 汪地; 李卫成; 姜海龙; 刘谋玉

    2016-01-01

    桌面级3D打印机第一层的打印质量对于打印的成败非常重要,自动调平装置可以保证打印第一层时的打印可靠性,同时可以降低桌面级3D打印机的使用难度。基于桌面级3D打印机使用广泛的开源MarIin固件,在主程序和运动控制方面进行分析,设计了一种新型桌面级3D打印机自动调平装置,与现有自动调平装置相比,具有结构简单、稳定性高,通用性好的优点。%This paper based on a wide range use of open source MarIin firmware,anaIysis this firmware in main program and motion controI.The design of a new type of desktop 3D printer automatic IeveIing device,compared with the existing au-tomatic IeveIing device,with the advantage of a simpIe structure, high stabiIity.

  3. Performance of the Google Desktop, Arabic Google Desktop and Peer to Peer Application in Arabic Language

    OpenAIRE

    Abd El Salam Al Hajjar; Anis Ismail; Mohammad Hajjar; Mazen Elsayed

    2012-01-01

    The Arabic language is a complex language; it is different from Western languages especially at the morphological and spelling variations. Indeed, the performance of information retrieval systems in theArabic language is still a problem. For this reason, we are interested in studying the performance of the most famous search engine, which is a Google Desktop, while searching in Arabic language documents. Then, we propose an update to the Google Desktop to take into consideration in search th...

  4. Desktop Video Productions. ICEM Guidelines Publications No. 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taufour, P. A.

    Desktop video consists of integrating the processing of the video signal in a microcomputer. This definition implies that desktop video can take multiple forms such as virtual editing or digital video. Desktop video, which does not imply any particular technology, has been approached in different ways in different technical fields. It remains a…

  5. Using Desk-Top Publishing to Develop Literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wray, David; Medwell, Jane

    1989-01-01

    Examines the learning benefits which may accrue from using desk-top publishing techniques with children, especially in terms of the development of literacy skills. Analyzes desk-top publishing as an extension of word processing and describes some ways of using desk-top publishing in the classroom. (RS)

  6. Research and Application of RTSJ-based Embedded System API%基于RTSJ的嵌入式系统API的研究与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕海坤; 陆二庆

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a RTSJ-based application program interface which aims to provide advanced concurrent real-time calculation structure, facilitating real-time embedded system development. Further, deployment and optimization (the time/footprint requirement) of real-time Java applications to a specific Java processor are carried out. The use of the proposed API is illustrated in the paper by means of a case study that implements a crane control system. This case study highlights the benefits and advantages of the proposed API.%描述了一个基于RTSJ的应用程序接口,该API的功能是提供高级的并发实时计算结构,优化实时嵌入式系统开发.同时,部署和优化(在开销足迹/时间要求方面)实时J ava应用程序到一个指定的Java处理器上.本文借助于实现电梯控制系统,说明这些API的使用方法.

  7. Data.gov CKAN API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The data.gov catalog is powered by CKAN, a powerful open source data platform that includes a robust API. Please be aware that data.gov and the data.gov CKAN API...

  8. Mars Atmospheric Aggregation System API

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The {MAAS} API is an open source REST API built to help make it easier and more efficient to build interactive applications that want to utilize the wealth of...

  9. Usability-Probleme bei Desktop-Suchmaschinen

    OpenAIRE

    Burghardt, Manuel; Reischer, Jürgen; Wolff, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Desktop-Suchmaschinen (DSM) unterscheiden sich in wesentlichen Punkten von Web-Suchmaschinen (WSM), weshalb ihr Interaktionsdesign anderen Anforderungen genüge leisten muss. Der Artikel stellt eine expertenbasierte Usability-Studie vor, bei der insgesamt acht DSM mithilfe eines ‚Heuristic Walkthrough’ untersucht wurden. Die dabei identifizierten Usability-Probleme werden beschrieben und mögliche Lösungsansätze diskutiert.

  10. Loseless Image Compression For Remote Desktop Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Pronchev, V. V.; Tuzikov, A. V.

    2004-01-01

    Modern cell phones are used in a wide variety of applications. This paper presents a lossless image compression algorithm for remote desktop systems. The algorithm is simple, ef-ficient and suitable for using in cell phones. It uses two particular features of images generated by most applications running in windows environment: a large amount of rectangular areas with the same color and relatively a small amount of colors used at the same time.

  11. An Inverse Modeling Plugin for HydroDesktop using the Method of Anchored Distributions (MAD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ames, D. P.; Osorio, C.; Over, M. W.; Rubin, Y.

    2011-12-01

    The CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System (HIS) software stack is based on an open and extensible architecture that facilitates the addition of new functions and capabilities at both the server side (using HydroServer) and the client side (using HydroDesktop). The HydroDesktop client plugin architecture is used here to expose a new scripting based plugin that makes use of the R statistics software as a means for conducting inverse modeling using the Method of Anchored Distributions (MAD). MAD is a Bayesian inversion technique for conditioning computational model parameters on relevant field observations yielding probabilistic distributions of the model parameters, related to the spatial random variable of interest, by assimilating multi-type and multi-scale data. The implementation of a desktop software tool for using the MAD technique is expected to significantly lower the barrier to use of inverse modeling in education, research, and resource management. The HydroDesktop MAD plugin is being developed following a community-based, open-source approach that will help both its adoption and long term sustainability as a user tool. This presentation will briefly introduce MAD, HydroDesktop, and the MAD plugin and software development effort.

  12. A framework for API solubility modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conte, Elisa; Gani, Rafiqul; Crafts, Peter

    . In addition, most of the models are not predictive and requires experimental data for the calculation of the needed parameters. This work aims at developing an efficient framework for the solubility modelling of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) in water and organic solvents. With this......-SAC, PC-SAFT) are used for solubility calculations when the needed interaction parameters or experimental data are available. The CI-UNIFAC is instead used when the previous models lack interaction parameters or when solubility data are not available. A new GC+ model for APIs solvent selection based on...... the hydrophobicity, hydrophilicity and polarity information of the API and solvent is also developed, for performing fast solvent selection and screening. Eventually, all the previous developments are integrated in a framework for their efficient and integrated use. Two case studies are presented: the...

  13. Upon a Message-Oriented Trading API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu VINTE

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we introduce the premises for a trading system application-programming interface (API based on a message-oriented middleware (MOM, and present the results of our research regarding the design and the implementation of a simulation-trading system employing a service-oriented architecture (SOA and messaging. Our research has been conducted with the aim of creating a simulation-trading platform, within the academic environment, that will provide both the foundation for future experiments with trading systems architectures, components, APIs, and the framework for research on trading strategies, trading algorithm design, and equity markets analysis tools. Mathematics Subject Classification: 68M14 (distributed systems.

  14. HydroDesktop as a Community Designed and Developed Resource for Hydrologic Data Discovery and Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ames, D. P.

    2013-12-01

    As has been seen in other informatics fields, well-documented and appropriately licensed open source software tools have the potential to significantly increase both opportunities and motivation for inter-institutional science and technology collaboration. The CUAHSI HIS (and related HydroShare) projects have aimed to foster such activities in hydrology resulting in the development of many useful community software components including the HydroDesktop software application. HydroDesktop is an open source, GIS-based, scriptable software application for discovering data on the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System and related resources. It includes a well-defined plugin architecture and interface to allow 3rd party developers to create extensions and add new functionality without requiring recompiling of the full source code. HydroDesktop is built in the C# programming language and uses the open source DotSpatial GIS engine for spatial data management. Capabilities include data search, discovery, download, visualization, and export. An extension that integrates the R programming language with HydroDesktop provides scripting and data automation capabilities and an OpenMI plugin provides the ability to link models. Current revision and updates to HydroDesktop include migration of core business logic to cross platform, scriptable Python code modules that can be executed in any operating system or linked into other software front-end applications.

  15. Research on Development of WebGIS Based on AJAXand Google Maps API%基于AJAX和Google Maps API的WebGIS开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐桂文; 谭衍涛

    2013-01-01

    通过介绍AJAX技术的相关原理、Google Maps地图服务及其应用程序接口Google Maps API,提出了基于AJAX及Google Maps平台的WebGIS开发新技术.通过构建发布气象信息的WebGIS实例,探索在Google Maps 平台上利用AJAX通过XMLHttpRequest对象异步调用XML数据实现动态加载地理信息和气象信息的关键步骤.研究结果表明,WebGIS实现的新模式,能够较好地解决传统WebGIS的固有缺点,如加快了响应速度、增强了用户体验和方便了服务扩充等.%In this paper,a new technology of WebGIS development based on AJAX and Google Maps is proposed,through introducing the relevant principles of AJAX technology and Google Maps mapping service and its application programming interface that is named Google Maps API.By constructing an example of WebGIS website used for releasing the meteorological information,it explores the key steps of dynamically loading geographic information and weather information that relies on AJAX technology which can use the XMLHttpRequest object to call XML data asynchronously between the Google Maps platform and client browsers.The research results show that the new WebGIS implementation model can solve the inherent shortcomings of traditional WebGIS and present many advantages,such as accelerating the speed of response,enhancing the user experience and facilitating the service expansion etc.

  16. The API petroassist network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Past spill responses, such as those in the Exxon Valdez and American Trader incidents, demonstrated the value of companies volunteering their in-house experts and local knowledge to help other companies in spill response. The American Petroleum Institute (API) formed the PetroAssist Network to provide a means for oil companies to readily gain access to the expertise and communications equipment of other oil companies when needed for spill responses. An API work group developed the PetroAssist Network legal agreement and management and activation procedures. To minimize red tape and reduce the burden on members, existing systems were used whenever possible. The network became operational on January 1, 1992, with more than 40 members

  17. Associated particle imaging (API)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    Associated Particle Imaging (API) is an active neutron probe technique that provides a 3-D image with elemental composition of the material under interrogation, and so occupies a unique niche in the interrogation of unknown objects. The highly penetrating nature of neutrons enables API to provide detailed information about targets of interest that are hidden from view. Due to the isotropic nature of the induced reactions, radiation detectors can be set on the same side of the object as the neutron source, so that the object can be interrogated from a single side. At the heat of the system is a small generator that produces a continuous, monoenergetic flux of neutrons. By measuring the trajectory of coincident alpha particles that are produced as part of the process, the trajectory of the neutron can be inferred. Interactions between a neutron and the material in its path often produce a gamma ray whose energy is characteristic of that material. When the gamma ray is detected, its energy is measured and combined with the trajectory information to produce a 3-D image of the composition of the object being interrogated. During the course of API development, a number of improvements have been made. A new, more rugged sealed Tube Neutron Generator (STNG) has been designed and fabricated that is less susceptible to radiation damage and better able to withstand the rigors of fielding than earlier designs. A specialized high-voltage power supply for the STNG has also been designed and built. A complete package of software has been written for the tasks of system calibration, diagnostics and data acquisition and analysis. A portable system has been built and field tested, proving that API can be taken out of the lab and into real-world situations, and that its performance in the field is equal to that in the lab.

  18. Laptops vs. Desktops in a Google Groups Environment: A Study on Collaborative Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Lopes Abrantes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Current literature on m-learning refers to the lack of studies on real use of m-learning applications and how they can compete with current desktop counterparts. The study consists of an experiment involving one hundred and twelve students of higher education and a set of learning activities that they have to accomplish. This study has the main objective to validate if the students that use laptops or desktops are in the flow experience and which of them are more in the flow experience, when using Google Groups. The used approach is based on the flow experience introduced by [1]. It was possible to conclude that students have experienced the flow state both by students using laptops or desktops, but having the laptop students a more positive effect in the flow experience.

  19. Desktop scanning to sRGB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardeberg, Jon Y.

    1999-12-01

    To achieve high image quality throughout a digital imaging system, the first requirement is to ensure the quality of the device that captures real-world physical images to digital images, for example a desktop scanner. Several factors have influence on this quality: optical resolution, bit depth, spectral sensitivities, and acquisition noise, to mention a few. In this study we focus on the colorimetric faculties of the scanner, that is, the scanner's ability to deliver quantitative device-independent digital information about the colors of the original document. We propose methods to convert from the scanner's device-dependent RGB color space to the standard device-independent color space sRGB. The methods have been evaluated using several different desktop scanners. Our results are very good: mean CIELAB (Delta) E*ab color errors as low as 1.4. We further discuss advantages and disadvantages of a digital color imaging system using the sRGB space for image exchange, compared to using other color architectures.

  20. Dynamic Resource Allocation in Desktop Grids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bismi A S,

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Grid computing (or the use of computational grids is the application of several computers to a single problem at the same time. In grid computing ,the computing becomes pervasive and individual users(or client applicationgain access to computing resources (processors ,storage ,data,applications,and so onas needed with little or noknowledge of where those resources are located or what the underlying technologies, hardware ,operating system and so on. This paper address the problem of resource scheduling ,and there are so many resource scheduling algorithms .Resource scheduling algorithm may be centralized one and distributed one. One of the latest one is the multi-variable best fit algorithm, which deals with storage systems, and it enhanced in this work. and this algorithm is dealing withdata grids for blade servers. so, this algorithm is modified for computational grids, especially with desktop systems with minimum spanning algorithm for node selection and it is giving good results. In desktop grid environment, dynamic scheduling becomes very important and globus like toolkits are not having the scheduler as its own, and it needs other schedulers are not specially for computational grids.

  1. Integrated platform and API for electrophysiological data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobolev, Andrey; Stoewer, Adrian; Leonhardt, Aljoscha; Rautenberg, Philipp L; Kellner, Christian J; Garbers, Christian; Wachtler, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Recent advancements in technology and methodology have led to growing amounts of increasingly complex neuroscience data recorded from various species, modalities, and levels of study. The rapid data growth has made efficient data access and flexible, machine-readable data annotation a crucial requisite for neuroscientists. Clear and consistent annotation and organization of data is not only an important ingredient for reproducibility of results and re-use of data, but also essential for collaborative research and data sharing. In particular, efficient data management and interoperability requires a unified approach that integrates data and metadata and provides a common way of accessing this information. In this paper we describe GNData, a data management platform for neurophysiological data. GNData provides a storage system based on a data representation that is suitable to organize data and metadata from any electrophysiological experiment, with a functionality exposed via a common application programming interface (API). Data representation and API structure are compatible with existing approaches for data and metadata representation in neurophysiology. The API implementation is based on the Representational State Transfer (REST) pattern, which enables data access integration in software applications and facilitates the development of tools that communicate with the service. Client libraries that interact with the API provide direct data access from computing environments like Matlab or Python, enabling integration of data management into the scientist's experimental or analysis routines. PMID:24795616

  2. Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian honeys produced by Apis cerana, Apis dorsata and Apis mellifera

    OpenAIRE

    Moniruzzaman, Mohammed; Khalil, Md. Ibrahim; Sulaiman, Siti Amrah; Gan, Siew Hua

    2013-01-01

    Background The aim of the present study was to evaluate the physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian monofloral honey samples—acacia, pineapple and borneo honey—and compare them with tualang honey. Acacia and pineapple honey are produced by Apis mellifera bees while borneo and tualang honey are produced by Apis cerana and Apis dorsata bees, respectively. Methods The physical parameters of honey, such as pH, moisture content, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids ...

  3. Web API Fragility: How Robust is Your Web API Client

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Espinha, T.; Zaidman, A.; Gross, H.G.

    2014-01-01

    Web APIs provide a systematic and extensible approach for application-to-application interaction. A large number of mobile applications makes use of web APIs to integrate services into apps. Each Web API’s evolution pace is determined by their respective developer and mobile application developers a

  4. Writing Essays on a Laptop or a Desktop Computer: Does It Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Guangming; Bridgeman, Brent

    2013-01-01

    To explore the potential effect of computer type on the Test of English as a Foreign Language-Internet-Based Test (TOEFL iBT) Writing Test, a sample of 444 international students was used. The students were randomly assigned to either a laptop or a desktop computer to write two TOEFL iBT practice essays in a simulated testing environment, followed…

  5. AUTOMATED API TESTING APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUNIL L. BANGARE

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Software testing is an investigation conducted to provide stakeholders with information about the quality of the product or service under test. With the help of software testing we can verify or validate the software product. Normally testing will be done after development of software but we can perform the software testing at the time of development process also. This paper will give you a brief introduction about Automated API Testing Tool. This tool of testing will reduce lots of headache after the whole development of software. It saves time as well as money. Such type of testing is helpful in the Industries & Colleges also.

  6. Learning Bing maps API

    CERN Document Server

    Sinani, Artan

    2013-01-01

    This is a practical, hands-on guide with illustrative examples, which will help you explore the vast universe of Bing maps.If you are a developer who wants to learn how to exploit the numerous features of Bing Maps then this book is ideal for you. It can also be useful for more experienced developers who wish to explore other areas of the APIs. It is assumed that you have some knowledge of JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. For some chapters a working knowledge of .Net and Visual Studio is also needed.

  7. Citrix XenApp 7.5 desktop virtualization solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Paul, Andy

    2014-01-01

    If you are a Citrix® engineer, a virtualization consultant, or an IT project manager with prior experience of using Citrix XenApp® and related technologies for desktop virtualization and want to further explore the power of XenApp® for flawless desktop virtualization, then this book is for you.

  8. 36 CFR 1194.26 - Desktop and portable computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Desktop and portable computers. 1194.26 Section 1194.26 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION... § 1194.26 Desktop and portable computers. (a) All mechanically operated controls and keys shall...

  9. OFF, Open source Finite volume Fluid dynamics code: A free, high-order solver based on parallel, modular, object-oriented Fortran API

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaghi, S.

    2014-07-01

    OFF, an open source (free software) code for performing fluid dynamics simulations, is presented. The aim of OFF is to solve, numerically, the unsteady (and steady) compressible Navier-Stokes equations of fluid dynamics by means of finite volume techniques: the research background is mainly focused on high-order (WENO) schemes for multi-fluids, multi-phase flows over complex geometries. To this purpose a highly modular, object-oriented application program interface (API) has been developed. In particular, the concepts of data encapsulation and inheritance available within Fortran language (from standard 2003) have been stressed in order to represent each fluid dynamics “entity” (e.g. the conservative variables of a finite volume, its geometry, etc…) by a single object so that a large variety of computational libraries can be easily (and efficiently) developed upon these objects. The main features of OFF can be summarized as follows: Programming LanguageOFF is written in standard (compliant) Fortran 2003; its design is highly modular in order to enhance simplicity of use and maintenance without compromising the efficiency; Parallel Frameworks Supported the development of OFF has been also targeted to maximize the computational efficiency: the code is designed to run on shared-memory multi-cores workstations and distributed-memory clusters of shared-memory nodes (supercomputers); the code’s parallelization is based on Open Multiprocessing (OpenMP) and Message Passing Interface (MPI) paradigms; Usability, Maintenance and Enhancement in order to improve the usability, maintenance and enhancement of the code also the documentation has been carefully taken into account; the documentation is built upon comprehensive comments placed directly into the source files (no external documentation files needed): these comments are parsed by means of doxygen free software producing high quality html and latex documentation pages; the distributed versioning system referred

  10. Turbulence Visualization at the Terascale on Desktop PCs

    KAUST Repository

    Treib, M.

    2012-12-01

    Despite the ongoing efforts in turbulence research, the universal properties of the turbulence small-scale structure and the relationships between small-and large-scale turbulent motions are not yet fully understood. The visually guided exploration of turbulence features, including the interactive selection and simultaneous visualization of multiple features, can further progress our understanding of turbulence. Accomplishing this task for flow fields in which the full turbulence spectrum is well resolved is challenging on desktop computers. This is due to the extreme resolution of such fields, requiring memory and bandwidth capacities going beyond what is currently available. To overcome these limitations, we present a GPU system for feature-based turbulence visualization that works on a compressed flow field representation. We use a wavelet-based compression scheme including run-length and entropy encoding, which can be decoded on the GPU and embedded into brick-based volume ray-casting. This enables a drastic reduction of the data to be streamed from disk to GPU memory. Our system derives turbulence properties directly from the velocity gradient tensor, and it either renders these properties in turn or generates and renders scalar feature volumes. The quality and efficiency of the system is demonstrated in the visualization of two unsteady turbulence simulations, each comprising a spatio-temporal resolution of 10244. On a desktop computer, the system can visualize each time step in 5 seconds, and it achieves about three times this rate for the visualization of a scalar feature volume. © 1995-2012 IEEE.

  11. Evidence of Apis cerana Sacbrood virus Infection in Apis mellifera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Hong-Ri; Chen, Xiu-Xian; Chen, Yan Ping; Hu, Fu-Liang; Zhang, Jiang-Lin; Lin, Zhe-Guang; Yu, Ji-Wei; Zheng, Huo-Qing

    2016-04-15

    Sacbrood virus(SBV) is one of the most destructive viruses in the Asian honeybeeApis ceranabut is much less destructive inApis mellifera In previous studies, SBV isolates infectingA. cerana(AcSBV) and SBV isolates infectingA. mellifera(AmSBV) were identified as different serotypes, suggesting a species barrier in SBV infection. In order to investigate this species isolation, we examined the presence of SBV infection in 318A. melliferacolonies and 64A. ceranacolonies, and we identified the genotypes of SBV isolates. We also performed artificial infection experiments under both laboratory and field conditions. The results showed that 38A. melliferacolonies and 37A. ceranacolonies were positive for SBV infection. Phylogenetic analysis based on RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene sequences indicated thatA. ceranaisolates and mostA. melliferaisolates formed two distinct clades but two strains isolated fromA. melliferawere clustered with theA. ceranaisolates. In the artificial-infection experiments, AcSBV negative-strand RNA could be detected in both adult bees and larvae ofA. mellifera, although there were no obvious signs of the disease, demonstrating the replication of AcSBV inA. mellifera Our results suggest that AcSBV is able to infectA. melliferacolonies with low prevalence (0.63% in this study) and pathogenicity. This work will help explain the different susceptibilities ofA. ceranaandA. melliferato sacbrood disease and is potentially useful for guiding beekeeping practices. PMID:26801569

  12. 基于桌面虚拟技术的影视剪辑课程改革%The Course Reform of Film Editing Based on Desktop Virtual Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱姝

    2014-01-01

    T he broadening of the digital technology area proposes the new requirements for the teaching of the film and television majors in institutions of higher learning .Desktop virtual reality technology can provide a convenient operational platform for the film and television professional teaching in institutions of higher learning .Desktop vir-tual reality technology is only used properly ,and the functions and modules adapted to the teaching environments are constantly developed .The independent application-oriented talents can be cultivated for the film and television industry .%数字技术应用领域的拓宽对高等院校的影视专业课程教学提出了新的要求。桌面虚拟现实技术可为我国高等院校的影视专业的教学提供便捷的操作平台,要在课程教学中合理使用,并不断开发出适应教学环境的功能和模块,才能为影视行业培养出具有独立创作精神的应用型人才。

  13. 基于桌面虚拟技术的影视剪辑课程改革%The Course Reform of Film Editing Based on Desktop Virtual Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱姝

    2014-01-01

    数字技术应用领域的拓宽对高等院校的影视专业课程教学提出了新的要求。桌面虚拟现实技术可为我国高等院校的影视专业的教学提供便捷的操作平台,要在课程教学中合理使用,并不断开发出适应教学环境的功能和模块,才能为影视行业培养出具有独立创作精神的应用型人才。%T he broadening of the digital technology area proposes the new requirements for the teaching of the film and television majors in institutions of higher learning .Desktop virtual reality technology can provide a convenient operational platform for the film and television professional teaching in institutions of higher learning .Desktop vir-tual reality technology is only used properly ,and the functions and modules adapted to the teaching environments are constantly developed .T he independent application -oriented talents can be cultivated for the film and television industry .

  14. Using USNO's API to Obtain Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesniak, Michael V.; Pozniak, Daniel; Punnoose, Tarun

    2015-01-01

    The U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO) is in the process of modernizing its publicly available web services into APIs (Application Programming Interfaces). Services configured as APIs offer greater flexibility to the user and allow greater usage. Depending on the particular service, users who implement our APIs will receive either a PNG (Portable Network Graphics) image or data in JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) format. This raw data can then be embedded in third-party web sites or in apps.Part of the USNO's mission is to provide astronomical and timing data to government agencies and the general public. To this end, the USNO provides accurate computations of astronomical phenomena such as dates of lunar phases, rise and set times of the Moon and Sun, and lunar and solar eclipse times. Users who navigate to our web site and select one of our 18 services are prompted to complete a web form, specifying parameters such as date, time, location, and object. Many of our services work for years between 1700 and 2100, meaning that past, present, and future events can be computed. Upon form submission, our web server processes the request, computes the data, and outputs it to the user.Over recent years, the use of the web by the general public has vastly changed. In response to this, the USNO is modernizing its web-based data services. This includes making our computed data easier to embed within third-party web sites as well as more easily querying from apps running on tablets and smart phones. To facilitate this, the USNO has begun converting its services into APIs. In addition to the existing web forms for the various services, users are able to make direct URL requests that return either an image or numerical data.To date, four of our web services have been configured to run with APIs. Two are image-producing services: "Apparent Disk of a Solar System Object" and "Day and Night Across the Earth." Two API data services are "Complete Sun and Moon Data for One Day" and "Dates

  15. Performance of the Google Desktop, Arabic Google Desktop and Peer to Peer Application in Arabic Language

    CERN Document Server

    Hajjar, Abd El Salam Al; Hajjar, Mohammad; El-Sayed, Mazen

    2012-01-01

    The Arabic language is a complex language; it is different from Western languages especially at the morphological and spelling variations. Indeed, the performance of information retrieval systems in the Arabic language is still a problem. For this reason, we are interested in studying the performance of the most famous search engine, which is a Google Desktop, while searching in Arabic language documents. Then, we propose an update to the Google Desktop to take into consideration in search the Arabic words that have the same root. After that, we evaluate the performance of the Google Desktop in this context. Also, we are interested in evaluation the performance of peer-to-peer application in two ways. The first one uses a simple indexation that indexes Arabic documents without taking in consideration the root of words. The second way takes in consideration the roots in the indexation of Arabic documents. This evaluation is done by using a corpus of ten thousand documents and one hundred different queries.

  16. The Methodological Research of Automatic Web API Testing Based on Python%基于Python的Web API自动化测试方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大伟

    2015-01-01

    In the mobile app product development process to use a large number of Web API. Using the HTTP protocol to build for various client-side services, and manual testing by client-side for Web API needs huge workloads and limited input range. In order to improve the efficiency of the test execution, and save the cost of regression testing in manually, has designed and implemented an automated test platform, first introduces Web API testing and automation, and then provides several commonly used Web API test tools, following discusses in details the Web API design and implementation of the automated testing framework as well as the practical application.%在手机app产品开发过程中要大量采用Web API.利用HTTP协议,构建面向各种客户端的服务,而通过客户端对Web API进行手工测试,其工作量巨大而且输入的范围有限.为提高测试执行效率、节省人工回归成本,设计并实现了一款自动化测试平台,首先介绍了We b API测试及自动化,接着介绍了几款常用的Web API测试工具,然后详细论述了Web API自动化测试框架的设计和实现,以及实际运用.

  17. 基于Python的Web API自动化测试方法研究%The Methodological Research of Automatic Web API Testing Based on Python

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大伟

    2015-01-01

    在手机app产品开发过程中要大量采用Web API.利用HTTP协议,构建面向各种客户端的服务,而通过客户端对Web API进行手工测试,其工作量巨大而且输入的范围有限.为提高测试执行效率、节省人工回归成本,设计并实现了一款自动化测试平台,首先介绍了We b API测试及自动化,接着介绍了几款常用的Web API测试工具,然后详细论述了Web API自动化测试框架的设计和实现,以及实际运用.%In the mobile app product development process to use a large number of Web API. Using the HTTP protocol to build for various client-side services, and manual testing by client-side for Web API needs huge workloads and limited input range. In order to improve the efficiency of the test execution, and save the cost of regression testing in manually, has designed and implemented an automated test platform, first introduces Web API testing and automation, and then provides several commonly used Web API test tools, following discusses in details the Web API design and implementation of the automated testing framework as well as the practical application.

  18. Intro to the Zotero API

    OpenAIRE

    Amanda Morton

    2013-01-01

    In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use python with the Zotero API to interact with your Zotero library. The Zotero API is a powerful interface that would allow you to build a complete Zotero client from scratch if you so desired. But like most APIs, it works in small, discrete steps, so we have to build our way up to the complicated requests we might want to use to access our Zotero libraries. But this incremental building gives us plenty of time to learn as we go along.

  19. Intro to the Zotero API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Morton

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use python with the Zotero API to interact with your Zotero library. The Zotero API is a powerful interface that would allow you to build a complete Zotero client from scratch if you so desired. But like most APIs, it works in small, discrete steps, so we have to build our way up to the complicated requests we might want to use to access our Zotero libraries. But this incremental building gives us plenty of time to learn as we go along.

  20. LCCP Desktop Application v1.0 Engineering Reference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beshr, Mohamed [University of Maryland, College Park; Aute, Vikrant [University of Maryland, College Park

    2014-04-01

    This Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) Desktop Application Engineering Reference is divided into three parts. The first part of the guide, consisting of the LCCP objective, literature review, and mathematical background, is presented in Sections 2-4. The second part of the guide (given in Sections 5-10) provides a description of the input data required by the LCCP desktop application, including each of the input pages (Application Information, Load Information, and Simulation Information) and details for interfacing the LCCP Desktop Application with the VapCyc and EnergyPlus simulation programs. The third part of the guide (given in Section 11) describes the various interfaces of the LCCP code.

  1. API Blender: A Uniform Interface to Social Platform APIs

    OpenAIRE

    Gouriten, Georges; Senellart, Pierre

    2013-01-01

    With the growing success of the social Web, most Web developers have to interact with at least one social Web platform, which implies studying the related API specifications. These are often only informally described, may contain errors, lack harmonization, and generally speaking make the developer's work difficult. Most attempts to solve this problem, proposing formal description languages for Web service APIs, have had limited success outside of B2B applications; we believe it is due to the...

  2. 基于桌面虚拟化技术的高校数字化教学资源整合方案--以阜阳职业技术学院为例%Integrated Program of University Digital Teaching Resources Based on Desktop Vi rtualization Technology---Taking Fuyang Vocational and Technical College as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨斐; 李平

    2015-01-01

    以阜阳职业技术学院为例分析了目前高校数字化教学资源使用的现状和面临的问题,介绍了桌面虚拟化的关键技术,基于Cit rix的桌面虚拟化软件设计了一种教学资源整合方案并给出了具体的实现过程,使用RA M分配法结合阜阳职业技术学院的实际进行了虚拟桌面密度的估算,方案能够满足目前数字化资源整合的需要。%Taking Fuyang Vocational and Technical College as an example ,this paper analyzes the present situation and problems of the use of digital teaching resources in colleges and universities .The key technology of desktop virtualization is introduced and a new teaching resource integration scheme is de‐signed based on Citrix .The RAM distribution method is used to estimate the virtual desktop density .The scheme can meet the needs of the integration of digital resources .

  3. Organizing and Integrating Knowledge on the Desktop with Repositories

    OpenAIRE

    Mosweunyane, Gontlafetse; Carr, Les

    2008-01-01

    The institutional repository, as a collection of research knowledge, is being encouraged to integrate with the researcher?s desktop environment. However, the desktop metaphor used on personal computer systems provides only limited abilities to organize an individual?s information; the same is true for the digital library metaphor adopted by repositories. Neither environment provides many tools for relating its contents to external information sources. The need for automatically organizing inf...

  4. Microsoft Virtualization Master Microsoft Server, Desktop, Application, and Presentation Virtualization

    CERN Document Server

    Olzak, Thomas; Boomer, Jason; Keefer, Robert M

    2010-01-01

    Microsoft Virtualization helps you understand and implement the latest virtualization strategies available with Microsoft products. This book focuses on: Server Virtualization, Desktop Virtualization, Application Virtualization, and Presentation Virtualization. Whether you are managing Hyper-V, implementing desktop virtualization, or even migrating virtual machines, this book is packed with coverage on all aspects of these processes. Written by a talented team of Microsoft MVPs, Microsoft Virtualization is the leading resource for a full installation, migration, or integration of virtual syste

  5. A Proactive Fault Tolerant Strategy for Desktop Grid

    OpenAIRE

    Geeta Arora; Dr. Shaveta Rani; Dr. Paramjit Singh

    2015-01-01

    Desktop Grid resources are volatile, heterogeneous and geographically distributed in nature, so scheduling and fault tolerance become the important challenges for Desktop grid systems. In this paper a proactive fault tolerant strategy is developed which also considers the unwanted delays in association with speed and load of resources in the Grid while scheduling jobs on Grid resources. Simulation experiments are conducted by using GridSim toolkit 5.2. The experimental results obtained from a...

  6. The Grid Shared Desktop: a bootstrapping environment for collaboration

    OpenAIRE

    Dugénie, Pascal; Lemoisson, Philippe; Jonquet, Clement; Crubézy, Monica; Laurenço, Claude

    2006-01-01

    The paradigm shift from an information-sharing infrastructure (i.e., the Web) to a resource-sharing infrastructure (i.e., the Grid) has open new perspectives for CSCL (Computer Supported Collaborative Learning). With Grid, it is now possible to envisage a scalable infrastructure that offers live collaborative environments in a secure manner. The Grid Shared Desktop (GSD) is one such collaborative environment that inherits from the desktop as a natural human- machine interface to become a mult...

  7. Design and Implementation of Automatic API Test Tool Based on XML%基于XML的API自动化测试工具设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慕涛; 张磊; 王艳; 周晓中; 张红雷; 左芸

    2007-01-01

    在研究应用编程接口(API)测试特点的基础上,运用软件测试技术与方法对API进行了正确性测试,设计了API自动化测试框架,采用XML语言进行API自动化测试工具的设计和实现方案.使用该工具可在API信息提取、测试用例生成及测试用例执行、测试报告生成等方面实现自动化.该工具主要用于验证第三方提供的API,由于单元测试中较多地使用了API测试,因此也可运用于软件的单元测试.

  8. Taxonomic Characterization of Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Pollen Foraging Based on Non-Overlapping Paired-End Sequencing of Nuclear Ribosomal Loci

    OpenAIRE

    R. Scott Cornman; Otto, Clint R. V.; Deborah Iwanowicz; Pettis, Jeffery S.

    2015-01-01

    Identifying plant taxa that honey bees (Apis mellifera) forage upon is of great apicultural interest, but traditional methods are labor intensive and may lack resolution. Here we evaluate a high-throughput genetic barcoding approach to characterize trap-collected pollen from multiple North Dakota apiaries across multiple years. We used the Illumina MiSeq platform to generate sequence scaffolds from non-overlapping 300-bp paired-end sequencing reads of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer...

  9. VarSifter: Visualizing and analyzing exome-scale sequence variation data on a desktop computer

    OpenAIRE

    Teer, Jamie K.; Green, Eric D.; Mullikin, James C.; Biesecker, Leslie G.

    2011-01-01

    Summary: VarSifter is a graphical software tool for desktop computers that allows investigators of varying computational skills to easily and quickly sort, filter, and sift through sequence variation data. A variety of filters and a custom query framework allow filtering based on any combination of sample and annotation information. By simplifying visualization and analyses of exome-scale sequence variation data, this program will help bring the power and promise of massively-parallel DNA seq...

  10. 基于百度地图API的停车场查寻系统的设计%Design of Finding Parking System Based on Baidu Map API

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖文汉; 吴孝斌; 曹莹莹; 于建江

    2014-01-01

    随着城市汽车的拥有量不断增加,停车场缺少等问题给人们带来了诸多不便。传统的通过人工搜索、电话咨询、电台广播等寻找停车场的方法效率不高。基于百度地图开放API与ASP. NET Web应用开发技术,设计并实现了一个基于百度地图的停车场查询系统。该系统采用B/S结构,客户端采用ASP. NET AJAX技术,数据库采用SQL Server。测试结果表明,该系统正确查找率高于90%,响应时间明显优于电话咨询等传统方式。在3G网络以及智能手机普及的今天,该系统可以有效地帮助人们快速找到停车场,有益于智能交通,智慧城市的建设。%The increasing urban car brings the problem of how to find a parking lot. Looking for parking through traditional manual searching,phone calls and radio broadcasting is inefficient. Based on Baidu Map API and ASP. NET Web development technology, a finding parking system is designed and implemented. This system adopts B/S architecture,uses ASP. NET AJAX in client and chooses SQL Server as database. Test results show that the system's success rate is higher than 90%,the response time is significantly shorter than telephone counseling and other traditional methods. Today,the 3G network and smart phone are popular,the system can effectively help people to find parking quickly,which is good for intelligent transportation and smart city construction.

  11. Ablation Modeling of Ares-I Upper State Thermal Protection System Using Thermal Desktop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, John R.; Page, Arthur T.

    2007-01-01

    The thermal protection system (TPS) for the Ares-I Upper Stage will be based on Space Transportation System External Tank (ET) and Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) heritage materials. These TPS materials were qualified via hot gas testing that simulated ascent and re-entry aerothermodynamic convective heating environments. From this data, the recession rates due to ablation were characterized and used in thermal modeling for sizing the thickness required to maintain structural substrate temperatures. At Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the in-house code ABL is currently used to predict TPS ablation and substrate temperatures as a FORTRAN application integrated within SINDA/G. This paper describes a comparison of the new ablation utility in Thermal Desktop and SINDA/FLUINT with the heritage ABL code and empirical test data which serves as the validation of the Thermal Desktop software for use on the design of the Ares-I Upper Stage project.

  12. Ultrafine particle emissions from desktop 3D printers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Brent; Azimi, Parham; El Orch, Zeineb; Ramos, Tiffanie

    2013-11-01

    The development of low-cost desktop versions of three-dimensional (3D) printers has made these devices widely accessible for rapid prototyping and small-scale manufacturing in home and office settings. Many desktop 3D printers rely on heated thermoplastic extrusion and deposition, which is a process that has been shown to have significant aerosol emissions in industrial environments. However, we are not aware of any data on particle emissions from commercially available desktop 3D printers. Therefore, we report on measurements of size-resolved and total ultrafine particle (UFP) concentrations resulting from the operation of two types of commercially available desktop 3D printers inside a commercial office space. We also estimate size-resolved (11.5 nm-116 nm) and total UFP (PLA) feedstock to ˜1.9 × 1011 # min-1 for the same type of 3D printer utilizing a higher temperature acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) thermoplastic feedstock. Because most of these devices are currently sold as standalone devices without any exhaust ventilation or filtration accessories, results herein suggest caution should be used when operating in inadequately ventilated or unfiltered indoor environments. Additionally, these results suggest that more controlled experiments should be conducted to more fundamentally evaluate particle emissions from a wider arrange of desktop 3D printers.

  13. Automated Ply Inspection (API) for AFP Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Automated Ply Inspection (API) system autonomously inspects layups created by high speed automated fiber placement (AFP) machines. API comprises a high accuracy...

  14. Go.USA.gov URL Shortner API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The Go.USA.gov REST API allows you interact with Go.USA.gov by shortening URLs, previewing long urls, and getting the number of clicks to a Go.USA.gov URL.. An API...

  15. Mobile-first eller Desktop-first, en studie av utvecklingslösningar för responsiv web design

    OpenAIRE

    Castaneda, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    The thesis analyzes two different approaches towards responsive web design, Mobile-first and Desktop-first. Responsive web design is a concept for websites whose design is customised based on the screen size. The analysis is performed by collecting views on the methods and also analyzing the usage of mobile and desktop internet to create a prototype of a responsive website where both methods are beeing used. The main difference between the methods is the foundation, where one is designed for ...

  16. Research and Design on Detection System for Secret Data based on Desktop Cloud%基于桌面云的涉密数据检测系统的研究与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪明泉; 陈建华

    2013-01-01

    Currently, desktop virtualization technology is booming, it is dififcult to guarantee the security of business secret data because of the openness of network , business data of the financial industry may be sent by the network to an insecure area. This paper scans all the ifles need to be transferred by integrating with Symantec Data Loss Prevention Technology. If the system detects the ifle involving sensitive data, the system will intercept it, administrator then decides whether to release the ifle after examining it. By analyzing and testing,the solution can be proven feasible and the system can reach a predetermined level of security.%目前,桌面虚拟化技术正在蓬勃发展,其网络的开放性很难保障业务涉密数据的安全性,金融行业的业务数据可能通过网络发送到不安全区域。文章通过集成赛门铁克数据泄漏防护技术,对所有需要传输的文件进行数据安全扫描。倘若检测到传输的文件涉及敏感数据,系统先对其进行拦截,管理员再对拦截后的文件进行审批,最终决定是否放行文件。通过分析和测试,证实该方案是可行的,且系统达到了预定的安全等级。

  17. Based on WDS and MDT to Implement Fast Desktop Deployment in Enterprise%基于WDS和MDT实现企业客户端快速桌面部署

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑佳佳; 林泽; 陈宣

    2014-01-01

    Computer system deployment is an important and repetitive work in enterprise. It’s a direct impact on the efficiency of IT workers.. How to make computer work has become quick and easy to deploy and how to ensure that the computer can quickly be repaired after a failure is the key factor to improve productivity for IT departments in enterprise. Using WDS services and MDT tools to build a fast desktop deployment platform, forming a complete and effective program, can solve these problems. This platform can make system deployment rapid and in large scale, make system deployment easier, improve IT workers ’work-ing efficiency and reduce the cost of information department’s working and maintenance.%企业中计算机系统部署是一件重要但需不断重复的工作,直接影响IT人员的工作效率,如何使计算机部署工作变得快捷方便,如何确保计算机在发生故障后迅速被修复,成为提高企业IT部门工作效率非常重要的问题。利用WDS服务和MDT工具,搭建一个快速桌面部署平台,形成一套完成有效的支持方案,可以很好的解决该难题,使系统部署快速化、规模化,降低系统部署难度,提高工作效率,降低了信息部门的运维成本。

  18. Innovative desktop learning tools. Implications for rural hospitals and physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oeffinger, J C; Hiebeler, L; Sherman, T; Gaskill, M; Portante, T; Polasek, J; Litterer, K

    1992-12-17

    Innovative methods of providing workplace education for health care professionals may be a key to the survival of rural hospitals in America. Such methods must overcome time, distance, cost and organizational constraints, and take into account the structure of the learning experience. The Texas Hospital Education and Research Foundation has recently been involved in two programs that tested new approaches to worker education using distance-learning strategies. The projects--resource sharing among rural directors of nursing and training for cancer tumor registrars--used computer-conferencing technology. A new model using existing satellite, audio-conferencing, and computer-based instruction augmented by computer conferencing is proposed. The Computer-Related Assisted Distance Learning Enhancement (CRADLE) model integrates existing technologies to provide education to health care workers at their desktop. The Cancer Learning Center (CLC) tested peer collaboration, the primary component of the model. The ultimate goal is to have the system available to all tumor registrars in Texas, and to secure funding to implement rural nursing and rural high-school health occupations education projects. Current projects from set-up through results are presented. PMID:1309107

  19. Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop (RAPID) Toolkit (Poster)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Young, K. R.; Levine, A.

    2014-09-01

    The Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop (RAPID) Toolkit combines the former Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Database, and other resources into a Web-based tool that gives the regulatory and utility-scale geothermal developer communities rapid and easy access to permitting information. RAPID currently comprises five tools - Permitting Atlas, Regulatory Roadmap, Resource Library, NEPA Database, and Best Practices. A beta release of an additional tool, the Permitting Wizard, is scheduled for late 2014. Because of the huge amount of information involved, RAPID was developed in a wiki platform to allow industry and regulatory agencies to maintain the content in the future so that it continues to provide relevant and accurate information to users. In 2014, the content was expanded to include regulatory requirements for utility-scale solar and bulk transmission development projects. Going forward, development of the RAPID Toolkit will focus on expanding the capabilities of current tools, developing additional tools, including additional technologies, and continuing to increase stakeholder involvement.

  20. The Web as an API.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roman, J. H. (Jorge H.)

    2001-01-01

    As programmers we have worked with many Application Development Interface API development kits. They are well suited for interaction with a particular system. A vast source of information can be made accessible by using the http protocol through the web as an API. This setup has many advantages including the vast knowledge available on setting web servers and services. Also, these tools are available on most hardware and operating system combinations. In this paper I will cover the various types of systems that can be developed this way, their advantages and some drawbacks of this approach. Index Terms--Application Programmer Interface, Distributed applications, Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, Web.

  1. 基于Google Earth3D原生COM API的二次开发%Based on the Google Earth3D Native COM API Two Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐小桃; 陆元会

    2012-01-01

    给出了Google Earth原生COM API调用的步骤和基本方法,实现了Google Earth的登录、漫游、绘图、查找、UI控制等基本的功能,突破了Google Earth API只能通过Javascript API调用的限制,并给出Google Earth API Javascript API翻译为通用语言的一般方法.

  2. The Discussion of the Next Generation Service Creating Platform Based on Parlay X API%基于Parlay X API的下一代业务生成平台的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩喜清; 陈晓明

    2009-01-01

    The author analyzes the congenital defect of service creating platform in traditional intelligent network, presents several common service creating platform based on the next generation mobile communication network, and constructs a set of service creating platform framework based on Parlay X API. This platform can encapsulate Parlay X API to SBB components, and provide a graphical developing interface X-SCE which can customize the development, track and debug of the service, to achieve interactive operation between Parlay X protocol and low level support network resources.%本文分析了传统智能网业务生成平台的先天缺陷,并对基于下一代业务网的几种业务生成平台进行了介绍,在其基础上设计了一种基于Parlay X API的业务生成平台的架构.该业务生成平台通过将Paday X API封装成SBB(ServiceBuilding Block)组件,采用图形化开发界面X-SCE实现业务的定制开发、跟踪和调试,通过Parlay X协议实现与底层网络资源的交互.

  3. A knowledge discovery object model API for Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jones Steven JM

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Biological data resources have become heterogeneous and derive from multiple sources. This introduces challenges in the management and utilization of this data in software development. Although efforts are underway to create a standard format for the transmission and storage of biological data, this objective has yet to be fully realized. Results This work describes an application programming interface (API that provides a framework for developing an effective biological knowledge ontology for Java-based software projects. The API provides a robust framework for the data acquisition and management needs of an ontology implementation. In addition, the API contains classes to assist in creating GUIs to represent this data visually. Conclusions The Knowledge Discovery Object Model (KDOM API is particularly useful for medium to large applications, or for a number of smaller software projects with common characteristics or objectives. KDOM can be coupled effectively with other biologically relevant APIs and classes. Source code, libraries, documentation and examples are available at http://www.bcgsc.ca/bioinfo/software.

  4. Study on the Desktop Virtualization System Architecture of Kunming Power Supply Bureau%供电局桌面虚拟化系统架构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢群

    2014-01-01

    This paper introduces in the context of cloud computing, Kunming power supply bureau with the help of IAAS ( infra-structure as a service,infrastructure as a service) based resource platform provides,perfect desktop virtualization and cloud platform integration,similar to the SAAS ( Software-as-a-service,software as a service) like DAAS ( Desktop As a Service, desktop as a service),the desktop as a service on demand,whenever and wherever possible,fast and safe delivery to any user complete desktop experience.%介绍了在云计算的背景下,某供电局借助于IAAS ( infrastructure as a service,基础设施即服务)提供的基础资源平台,桌面虚拟化和云平台的融合,实现类似于SAAS ( Software-as-a-service,软件即服务)一样的DAAS ( Desktop As a Service,桌面即服务),将桌面作为一种按需服务,安全快速地向任何用户提供服务。

  5. Converting Java desktop application into Android mobile application

    OpenAIRE

    Sečkár, Alois

    2016-01-01

    The thesis focus on conversion existing desktop Java application into mobile version for Android platform. The key part of the thesis is the sample application (Java app for teaching basics of OOP in Java), that is being converted step-by-step from Java to Android. During the migration process, significant differences are being identified, described and solved.

  6. Versatile Desktop Experiment Module (DEMo) on Heat Transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minerick, Adrienne R.

    2010-01-01

    This paper outlines a new Desktop Experiment Module (DEMo) engineered for a chemical engineering junior-level Heat Transfer course. This new DEMo learning tool is versatile, fairly inexpensive, and portable such that it can be positioned on student desks throughout a classroom. The DEMo system can illustrate conduction of various materials,…

  7. A Desktop Virtual Reality Earth Motion System in Astronomy Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chih Hung; Yang, Jie Chi; Shen, Sarah; Jeng, Ming Chang

    2007-01-01

    In this study, a desktop virtual reality earth motion system (DVREMS) is designed and developed to be applied in the classroom. The system is implemented to assist elementary school students to clarify earth motion concepts using virtual reality principles. A study was conducted to observe the influences of the proposed system in learning.…

  8. Desktop multimedia environments to support collaborative distance learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Collis, Betty; Smith, Carmel

    1997-01-01

    Desktop multimedia conferencing, when two or more persons can communicate among themselves via personal computers with the opportunity to see and hear one another as well as communicate via text messages while working with commonly available stored resources, appears to have important applications t

  9. Evaluation and Customization of Different Open Source Desktop GIS Software

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIU Ruqiong; LI Bing

    2012-01-01

    This paper gave a general evaluation on existing three popular free and open source desktop GIS projects,according to the selected evaluation criteria.To further the understanding of the open source software,this paper also presented a customization example of QGIS with python and PyQT.

  10. Macelignan inhibits bee pathogenic fungi Ascophaera apis growth through HOG1 pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y.K. Shin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ascosphaera apis is a bee pathogen that causes bee larvae infection disease, to which treatment is not yet well investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate antifungal susceptibility in vitro against A. apis and to identify a new antifungal agent for this pathogen through minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC assay and western blot analysis. Macelignan had 1.56 and 3.125 μg/mL MIC against A. apis after 24 and 48 h, respectively, exhibiting the strongest growth inhibition against A. apis among the tested compounds (corosolic acid, dehydrocostus lactone, loganic acid, tracheloside, fangchinoline and emodin-8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside. Furthermore, macelignan showed a narrow-ranged spectrum against various fungal strains without any mammalian cell cytotoxicity. In spite of miconazole having powerful broad-ranged anti-fungal activity including A. apis, it demonstrated strong cytotoxicity. Therefore, even if macelignan alone was effective as an antifungal agent to treat A. apis, combined treatment with miconazole was more useful to overcome toxicity, drug resistance occurrence and cost effectiveness. Finally, HOG1 was revealed as a target molecule of macelignan in the anti-A. apis activity by inhibiting phosphorylation using S. cerevisiae as a model system. Based on our results, macelignan, a food-grade antimicrobial compound, would be an effective antifungal agent against A. apis infection in bees.

  11. 采用Win32API相关行为分析的未知病毒检测方法%Method of unknown virus detection based on analysis of Win32 API behaviors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘帅; 吴艳霞; 马春光; 顾国昌; 龙勤

    2011-01-01

    针对目前基于行为分析的未知病毒检测方法需要运行可执行程序,无法检测出以静态形式存在计算机中的滴管等病毒的问题,提出了一种基于Win32 API相关行为检测PE未知病毒的方法.首先解析PE文件提取其调用的敏感Win32 API函数,然后将这些API函数按相关的恶意行为分类并形成维数固定的特征行为向量存入数据库.采用基于判别熵最小化的特征提取法自适应的精简特征项,最后利用改进的K-最近邻算法进行分类.实验结果表明,该方法具有较高的命中率和较低的漏判率,适用于“云安全”系统中未知病毒的检测.%In view of the current behavior-based unknown virus detection methods need to run executable programs and can't detect static virus such as dropper,the static method based on Win32 API behaviors for detecting unknown virus is proposed. Firstly parsing PE files to extract the sensitive Win32 API calls,then classifying the API functions based on malicious behavior and conducting a fixed dimension characteristic behavior vector into a database.With the feature extraction method of minimizing discriminant entropy,the redundant feature items are reduced,finally the improved ^-Nearest Neighbor(KNN) algorithm is used to classify.The experiment results show that the method has a high hit rate and lower missing rate, suitable for unknown virus detection in Cloud Security system.

  12. Análise de agrupamento, com base na composição físico-química, de amostras de méis produzidos por Apis mellifera L. no Estado de São Paulo Cluster analysis, with basis in physico-chemical composition, of samples of honey produced by Apis mellifera L. in São Paulo State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Carlos Marchini

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available A composição do mel depende, basicamente, da composição do néctar de cada espécie vegetal produtora, conferindo-lhe características específicas enquanto que as condições climáticas e o manejo do apicultor têm influência menor sobre essas características. A presente pesquisa, desenvolvida com amostras de méis de Apis mellifera coletadas diretamente dos produtores de 84 municípios do Estado de São Paulo teve o objetivo de verificar, com base em características físico-químicas, como se agrupam as amostras de méis silvestres e de eucaliptos. Dentre as 121 amostras de méis analisadas as de eucaliptos e as silvestres formam grupos distintos quanto aos caracteres físico-químicos, o que confirma que a origem floral interfere decisivamente nas características dos méis. Pela análise dos componentes principais, pode-se verificar que os caracteres que mais influenciaram no agrupamentos das amostras de méis foram condutividade elétrica e quantidade de K, no eixo X e índice de formol e umidade, no eixo Y.The honey composition depends, basically, of the nectar composition of each vegetal species. This composition confer to it specific characteristics while that the climatic conditions and the beekeeper handling have lesser influence on these features. The present research, developed with samples of Apis mellifera honeys, collected directly of the producers from 84 locations of the State of São Paulo, Brazil, had the objective of verifying, on the basis of physico-chemical characteristics, as the samples of wild and Eucalyptus honeys are grouped. Amongst the 121 samples analyzed the wild and Eucalyptus honeys form distinct groups with basis of the physico-chemical characteristics, what confirms that the floral origin intervenes decisively with the honey characteristics. For the analysis of the main components, it can be verified that the characters that had more influenced in the groupings of the honey samples were the electric

  13. Full-scope nuclear training simulator -brought to the desktop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    RighTSTEP is a suite of simulation software which has been initially designed to facilitate upgrade of Ontario Hydro's full-scope simulators, but is also adaptable to a variety of other roles. it is presently being commissioned at Bruch A Training Simulator and has seen preliminary use in desktop and classroom roles. Because of the flexibility of the system, we anticipate it will see common use in the corporation for full-scope simulation roles. A key reason for developing RighTSTEP (Real Time Simulator Technology Extensible and Portable) was the need to modernize and upgrade the full-scope training simulator while protecting the investment in modelling code. This modelling code represents the end product of 18 years of evolution from the beginning of its development in 1979. Bringing this modelling code to a modern and more useful framework - the combination of simulator host, operating system, and simulator operating system - also could provide many spin-off benefits. The development (and first implementation) of the righTSTEP system was cited for saving the corporation 5.6M$ and was recognized by a corporate New Technology Award last year. The most important spin-off from this project has been the desktop version of the full-scope simulator. The desktop simulator uses essentially the same software as does its full-scope counterpart, and may be used for a variety of new purposes. Classroom and individual simulator training can now be easily accommodated since a desktop simulator is both affordable and relatively ease to use. Further, a wide group of people can be trained using the desktop simulator: by contrast the full-scope simulators were almost exclusively devoted to front-line operating staff. The desktop is finding increasing use in support of engineering applications, resulting from its easy accessibility, breadth of station systems represented, and tools for analysis and viewing. As further plant models are made available on the new simulator platform and

  14. APIs and Researchers: The Emperor's New Clothes?

    OpenAIRE

    Jennifer Edmond; Vicky Garnett

    2015-01-01

    As part of the Europeana Cloud (eCloud) project, Trinity College Dublin investigated best practice in the use of web services, such as APIs, for accessing large data sets from cultural heritage collections. This research looked into the provision and use of APIs, and moreover, whether or not more customised programmatic access to datasets is what researchers want or need. In order to understand whether current patterns of API usage reflect a skills gap on the part of researchers or a mismatch...

  15. BusinessUSA Resource Access API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — BusinessUSA connects businesses to government services and information. The API provides access to resource abstracts including programs, services, data, events,...

  16. The Ruby UCSC API: accessing the UCSC genome database using Ruby

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mishima Hiroyuki

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC genome database is among the most used sources of genomic annotation in human and other organisms. The database offers an excellent web-based graphical user interface (the UCSC genome browser and several means for programmatic queries. A simple application programming interface (API in a scripting language aimed at the biologist was however not yet available. Here, we present the Ruby UCSC API, a library to access the UCSC genome database using Ruby. Results The API is designed as a BioRuby plug-in and built on the ActiveRecord 3 framework for the object-relational mapping, making writing SQL statements unnecessary. The current version of the API supports databases of all organisms in the UCSC genome database including human, mammals, vertebrates, deuterostomes, insects, nematodes, and yeast. The API uses the bin index—if available—when querying for genomic intervals. The API also supports genomic sequence queries using locally downloaded *.2bit files that are not stored in the official MySQL database. The API is implemented in pure Ruby and is therefore available in different environments and with different Ruby interpreters (including JRuby. Conclusions Assisted by the straightforward object-oriented design of Ruby and ActiveRecord, the Ruby UCSC API will facilitate biologists to query the UCSC genome database programmatically. The API is available through the RubyGem system. Source code and documentation are available at https://github.com/misshie/bioruby-ucsc-api/ under the Ruby license. Feedback and help is provided via the website at http://rubyucscapi.userecho.com/.

  17. Desktop Tools for Offline Plagiarism Detection in Computer Programs

    OpenAIRE

    Maxim MOZGOVOY

    2006-01-01

    Plagiarism in universities has always been a difficult problem to overcome. Various tools have been developed over the past few years to help teachers detect plagiarism in students' work. By being able to categorize the multitude of plagiarism detection tools, it is possible to estimate their capabilities, advantages and disadvantages. In this article I consider modern plagiarism software solutions, paying attention mostly to desktop systems intended for plagiarism detection in program code. ...

  18. The transfer of desktop casino application to mobile platform

    OpenAIRE

    Kodre, Boštjan

    2009-01-01

    Knowing the importance of the players is very important in gambling industry. For this purpose was developed desktop application for tracking the game of guests on the gaming tables. This application was not sufficient for effective tracking due to lack of mobility, therefore was necessary to transfer it to the mobile platform. In the thesis I focused mainly on problems that have occurred during the transfer, I described them and their's solutions. They are mostly connected with making grap...

  19. Online behavior from desktop and mobile devices are connected

    OpenAIRE

    Nylander, Stina

    2010-01-01

    Cell phones and other mobile devices are used to access the Internet even at home and at work where computers are easily available. They are no longer a mere backup to the computer. This means that it makes little sense to study Internet access from mobile devices separate from other Internet access. We need new methods that encompass online behavior from desktop computers and mobile devices as well as stationary and mobile online behavior.

  20. MICA: desktop software for comprehensive searching of DNA databases

    OpenAIRE

    Glick Benjamin S; Stokes William A

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Molecular biologists work with DNA databases that often include entire genomes. A common requirement is to search a DNA database to find exact matches for a nondegenerate or partially degenerate query. The software programs available for such purposes are normally designed to run on remote servers, but an appealing alternative is to work with DNA databases stored on local computers. We describe a desktop software program termed MICA (K-Mer Indexing with Compact Arrays) tha...

  1. API manager implementation and its use for Indus accelerator control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control system software needed for operation of Indus accelerators is coupled to the underlying firmware and hardware of the control system by the Application Programming Interface (API) manager. In the three layered architecture of Indus control system, PVSS-II SCADA is being used at the layer-1(L1) for control and monitoring of various sub-systems. The layer-2(L2) consists of VME bus based system. The API manager plays a crucial role in interfacing the L1 and L2 of the control system. It has to interact with both the PVSS database and the L2. In order to access the PVSS database it uses the PVSS API, a C++ class library, whereas in order to access the L2 custom functions have been built. Several other custom functionalities have also been implemented. The paper presents the important aspects of the API manager like its implementation, its interface mechanism to the lower layer and features like configurability, reusable classes, multithreading capability etc. (author)

  2. The MPO API: A tool for recording scientific workflows

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wright, John C., E-mail: jcwright@mit.edu [MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge, MA (United States); Greenwald, Martin; Stillerman, Joshua [MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge, MA (United States); Abla, Gheni; Chanthavong, Bobby; Flanagan, Sean; Schissel, David; Lee, Xia [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Romosan, Alex; Shoshani, Arie [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2014-05-15

    Highlights: • A description of a new framework and tool for recording scientific workflows, especially those resulting from simulation and analysis. • An explanation of the underlying technologies used to implement this web based tool. • Several examples of using the tool. - Abstract: Data from large-scale experiments and extreme-scale computing is expensive to produce and may be used for high-consequence applications. The Metadata, Provenance and Ontology (MPO) project builds on previous work [M. Greenwald, Fusion Eng. Des. 87 (2012) 2205–2208] and is focused on providing documentation of workflows, data provenance and the ability to data-mine large sets of results. While there are important design and development aspects to the data structures and user interfaces, we concern ourselves in this paper with the application programming interface (API) – the set of functions that interface with the data server. Our approach for the data server is to follow the Representational State Transfer (RESTful) software architecture style for client–server communication. At its core, the API uses the POST and GET methods of the HTTP protocol to transfer workflow information in message bodies to targets specified in the URL to and from the database via a web server. Higher level API calls are built upon this core API. This design facilitates implementation on different platforms and in different languages and is robust to changes in the underlying technologies used. The command line client implementation can communicate with the data server from any machine with HTTP access.

  3. The MPO API: A tool for recording scientific workflows

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A description of a new framework and tool for recording scientific workflows, especially those resulting from simulation and analysis. • An explanation of the underlying technologies used to implement this web based tool. • Several examples of using the tool. - Abstract: Data from large-scale experiments and extreme-scale computing is expensive to produce and may be used for high-consequence applications. The Metadata, Provenance and Ontology (MPO) project builds on previous work [M. Greenwald, Fusion Eng. Des. 87 (2012) 2205–2208] and is focused on providing documentation of workflows, data provenance and the ability to data-mine large sets of results. While there are important design and development aspects to the data structures and user interfaces, we concern ourselves in this paper with the application programming interface (API) – the set of functions that interface with the data server. Our approach for the data server is to follow the Representational State Transfer (RESTful) software architecture style for client–server communication. At its core, the API uses the POST and GET methods of the HTTP protocol to transfer workflow information in message bodies to targets specified in the URL to and from the database via a web server. Higher level API calls are built upon this core API. This design facilitates implementation on different platforms and in different languages and is robust to changes in the underlying technologies used. The command line client implementation can communicate with the data server from any machine with HTTP access

  4. A tunable focusing beamline for desktop x-ray microtomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurker, N.; Nell, R.; Seiler, G.; Wallner, J.

    1999-07-01

    In this article a desktop x-ray microtomography (μXCT) instrument is presented, which utilizes conventional diffraction tubes and tunable focusing optics. The beamline is based on an elastically bent cylindrical multilayer mirror, given by a coated and rhombic shaped Si wafer, which is placed on bearings with two of its tips and is actuated by a single transverse center force to a desired curvature and herewith focal length. This optical element is used in a grazing incidence reflection geometry, demagnifying the tube focal spot into an image line with width (w) and position following from a classical imaging equation (magnification ratio M). While the tube and the image ("focal") position are kept fixed, the curvature and axial position of the mirror are adaptively controlled for different M values and Bragg angles θ¯ (i.e., pass-energies Ē), which results in a one-dimensional zoom-optical system. The specimen is placed in the high-depth focal region of the condensed beam for the CT-scanning procedure with the slice orientation given by the focusing direction. Minor modifications of the fundamental rhombic mirror shape also enable the establishment of imaging geometries with elliptical and parabolic cylindrical-type optical figures. Multilayer reflection inherently results in a small bandpass of photon energies (ΔE/Ē). Pass-energy Ē is preferably tuned to characteristic lines of the tubes in use (Cr, Cu, Mo target) with the option of also using the white x-ray spectrum. Numerical values of beamline specifications are characterized by: 0.1⩽M⩽1.0, 10⩽w⩽100 μm, 0.5⩽θ¯⩽2°, 5⩽Ē⩽30 keV, ΔE/Ē≲0.1. Photon intensity along the focal line is given by 106tube, mirror reflectivity and M setting. The fundamental principles, the experimental setup and major components of the beamline are described and the theoretical and experimental performance in terms of photon flux, pass-energy bandwidth and beam geometry are evaluated. Examples of

  5. Validation of the Parlay API through prototyping

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hellenthal, J.W.; Planken, F.J.M.; Wegdam, M.

    2001-01-01

    The desire within the telecommunications world for new and faster business growth has been a major drive towards the development of open network API. Over the past 7 years several (semi) standardization groups have announced work on network API, including TINA-C, JAIN, IEEE P1520, INforum, 3GPP, JAI

  6. Efficient Open Source Lidar for Desktop Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flanagan, Jacob P.

    implementing batch coding and processing time that could take months for a standard lidar dataset. This project attempts to build a software with the best approach for creating, importing and exporting, manipulating and processing lidar, especially in the environmental field. Development of this software is described in 3 sections - (1) explanation of the search methods for efficiently extracting the "area of interest" (AOI) data from disk (file space), (2) using file space (for storage), budgeting memory space (for efficient processing) and moving between the two, and (3) method development for creating lidar products (usually raster based) used in environmental modeling and analysis (i.e.: hydrology feature extraction, geomorphological studies, ecology modeling, etc.).

  7. API Requirements for Dynamic Graph Prediction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallagher, B; Eliassi-Rad, T

    2006-10-13

    Given a large-scale time-evolving multi-modal and multi-relational complex network (a.k.a., a large-scale dynamic semantic graph), we want to implement algorithms that discover patterns of activities on the graph and learn predictive models of those discovered patterns. This document outlines the application programming interface (API) requirements for fast prototyping of feature extraction, learning, and prediction algorithms on large dynamic semantic graphs. Since our algorithms must operate on large-scale dynamic semantic graphs, we have chosen to use the graph API developed in the CASC Complex Networks Project. This API is supported on the back end by a semantic graph database (developed by Scott Kohn and his team). The advantages of using this API are (i) we have full-control of its development and (ii) the current API meets almost all of the requirements outlined in this document.

  8. Reevaluation of honeybee (Apis mellifera) microtaxonomy: a geometric morphometric approach

    OpenAIRE

    Kandemir, Irfan; Özkan, Ayça; FUCHS, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    International audience In the present study, the microtaxonomy of honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) subspecies was reevaluated based on a geometric morphometric method. Wing images of honeybee subspecies, obtained from the Morphometric Bee Data Bank in Oberursel, Germany, were assigned to four honeybee lineages from the indivudial images, and 40 Cartesian coordinates were obtained. Honeybee lineages were significantly different based on individual and colony consensus average wing shapes of hon...

  9. Implementation Issues of Virtual Desktop Infrastructure and Its Case Study for a Physician's Round at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital

    OpenAIRE

    Yoo, Sooyoung; Kim, Seok; Kim, Taegi; Kim, Jon Soo; Baek, Rong-Min; Suh, Chang Suk; Chung, Chin Youb; Hwang, Hee

    2012-01-01

    Objectives The cloud computing-based virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) allows access to computing environments with no limitations in terms of time or place such that it can permit the rapid establishment of a mobile hospital environment. The objective of this study was to investigate the empirical issues to be considered when establishing a virtual mobile environment using VDI technology in a hospital setting and to examine the utility of the technology with an Apple iPad during a physici...

  10. Gigabits to the Desktop: Installing tomorrow`s networks today

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuhfuss, T.C.; Phillips, P.T.

    1994-03-01

    Argonne is one of the US Department of Energy`s world class research institutions. Leading edge computing tools and networks allow Argonne to maintain and enhance this reputation. One current effort to deploy leading edge tools is the Argonne ``Gigabits to the Desktop`` project. While the delivering and using gigabits to the desktop is little more than a hope at this time, this paper will discuss the hurdles to achieving it and how to tear down as many hurdles as possible. Under this project, four distinct areas are being investigated and enhanced. This paper will discuss briefly the applications and tools that we see driving the requirement for gigabits to the desktop. It will touch on a functional description of our``ideal`` workstations, architectures and the candidates for the next generation network capable of delivering gigabits. Lastly, it will provide an in-depth analysis of physical layer options and attempt to prove that this area, while the least risky, must be done properly, with the proper media. This paper assumes one important point. It assumes that bandwidth is essentially free. We will discuss network architectures and physical installation recommendations which have a fixed cost. However on a campus, there is no marginal cost for additional packets on these networks once the network infrastructure is installed. This point is important when extrapolating our conclusions to the wide area. The marginal cost of a packet sent to a commercial network is usually non zero. This fact may prove to be a great hindrance in migrating the applications mentioned beyond the organizational boundaries.

  11. Effective Web and Desktop Retrieval with Enhanced Semantic Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daoud, Amjad M.

    We describe the design and implementation of the NETBOOK prototype system for collecting, structuring and efficiently creating semantic vectors for concepts, noun phrases, and documents from a corpus of free full text ebooks available on the World Wide Web. Automatic generation of concept maps from correlated index terms and extracted noun phrases are used to build a powerful conceptual index of individual pages. To ensure scalabilty of our system, dimension reduction is performed using Random Projection [13]. Furthermore, we present a complete evaluation of the relative effectiveness of the NETBOOK system versus the Google Desktop [8].

  12. Desktop computer graphics for RMS/payload handling flight design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, D. J.

    1984-01-01

    A computer program, the Multi-Adaptive Drawings, Renderings and Similitudes (MADRAS) program, is discussed. The modeling program, written for a desktop computer system (the Hewlett-Packard 9845/C), is written in BASIC and uses modular construction of objects while generating both wire-frame and hidden-line drawings from any viewpoint. The dimensions and placement of objects are user definable. Once the hidden-line calculations are made for a particular viewpoint, the viewpoint may be rotated in pan, tilt, and roll without further hidden-line calculations. The use and results of this program are discussed.

  13. Desktop Tools for Offline Plagiarism Detection in Computer Programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxim MOZGOVOY

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Plagiarism in universities has always been a difficult problem to overcome. Various tools have been developed over the past few years to help teachers detect plagiarism in students' work. By being able to categorize the multitude of plagiarism detection tools, it is possible to estimate their capabilities, advantages and disadvantages. In this article I consider modern plagiarism software solutions, paying attention mostly to desktop systems intended for plagiarism detection in program code. I also estimate the speed and reliability of different plagiarism detection systems that are currently available.

  14. TEACHING PHYSICS: A desktop apparatus for studying rolling motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basta, M.; Di Gennaro, M.; Picciarelli, V.

    1999-11-01

    We describe a simple desktop apparatus online with a PC which has been used in a physics laboratory for university mathematics students to study the rolling motion of a sphere down a grooved track under experimental conditions both with and without slipping. An efficient data reduction and interactive analysis performed with an electronic spreadsheet makes it possible to carry out appropriate tests on the theoretical model and to promote a more hands-on understanding among students of the role played by the frictional force.

  15. A new detrended semipartial cross-correlation analysis: Assessing the important meteorological factors affecting API

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Chen-Hua

    2015-12-01

    To analyze the unique contribution of meteorological factors to the air pollution index (API), a new method, the detrended semipartial cross-correlation analysis (DSPCCA), is proposed. Based on both a detrended cross-correlation analysis and a DFA-based multivariate-linear-regression (DMLR), this method is improved by including a semipartial correlation technique, which is used to indicate the unique contribution of an explanatory variable to multiple correlation coefficients. The advantages of this method in handling nonstationary time series are illustrated by numerical tests. To further demonstrate the utility of this method in environmental systems, new evidence of the primary contribution of meteorological factors to API is provided through DMLR. Results show that the most important meteorological factors affecting API are wind speed and diurnal temperature range, and the explanatory ability of meteorological factors to API gradually strengthens with increasing time scales. The results suggest that DSPCCA is a useful method for addressing environmental systems.

  16. Taxonomic Characterization of Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Pollen Foraging Based on Non-Overlapping Paired-End Sequencing of Nuclear Ribosomal Loci.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornman, R Scott; Otto, Clint R V; Iwanowicz, Deborah; Pettis, Jeffery S

    2015-01-01

    Identifying plant taxa that honey bees (Apis mellifera) forage upon is of great apicultural interest, but traditional methods are labor intensive and may lack resolution. Here we evaluate a high-throughput genetic barcoding approach to characterize trap-collected pollen from multiple North Dakota apiaries across multiple years. We used the Illumina MiSeq platform to generate sequence scaffolds from non-overlapping 300-bp paired-end sequencing reads of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacers (ITS). Full-length sequence scaffolds represented ~530 bp of ITS sequence after adapter trimming, drawn from the 5' of ITS1 and the 3' of ITS2, while skipping the uninformative 5.8S region. Operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were picked from scaffolds clustered at 97% identity, searched by BLAST against the nt database, and given taxonomic assignments using the paired-read lowest common ancestor approach. Taxonomic assignments and quantitative patterns were consistent with known plant distributions, phenology, and observational reports of pollen foraging, but revealed an unexpected contribution from non-crop graminoids and wetland plants. The mean number of plant species assignments per sample was 23.0 (+/- 5.5) and the mean species diversity (effective number of equally abundant species) was 3.3 (+/- 1.2). Bray-Curtis similarities showed good agreement among samples from the same apiary and sampling date. Rarefaction plots indicated that fewer than 50,000 reads are typically needed to characterize pollen samples of this complexity. Our results show that a pre-compiled, curated reference database is not essential for genus-level assignments, but species-level assignments are hindered by database gaps, reference length variation, and probable errors in the taxonomic assignment, requiring post-hoc evaluation. Although the effective per-sample yield achieved using custom MiSeq amplicon primers was less than the machine maximum, primarily due to lower "read2" quality, further

  17. Taxonomic Characterization of Honey Bee (Apis mellifera Pollen Foraging Based on Non-Overlapping Paired-End Sequencing of Nuclear Ribosomal Loci.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Scott Cornman

    Full Text Available Identifying plant taxa that honey bees (Apis mellifera forage upon is of great apicultural interest, but traditional methods are labor intensive and may lack resolution. Here we evaluate a high-throughput genetic barcoding approach to characterize trap-collected pollen from multiple North Dakota apiaries across multiple years. We used the Illumina MiSeq platform to generate sequence scaffolds from non-overlapping 300-bp paired-end sequencing reads of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacers (ITS. Full-length sequence scaffolds represented ~530 bp of ITS sequence after adapter trimming, drawn from the 5' of ITS1 and the 3' of ITS2, while skipping the uninformative 5.8S region. Operational taxonomic units (OTUs were picked from scaffolds clustered at 97% identity, searched by BLAST against the nt database, and given taxonomic assignments using the paired-read lowest common ancestor approach. Taxonomic assignments and quantitative patterns were consistent with known plant distributions, phenology, and observational reports of pollen foraging, but revealed an unexpected contribution from non-crop graminoids and wetland plants. The mean number of plant species assignments per sample was 23.0 (+/- 5.5 and the mean species diversity (effective number of equally abundant species was 3.3 (+/- 1.2. Bray-Curtis similarities showed good agreement among samples from the same apiary and sampling date. Rarefaction plots indicated that fewer than 50,000 reads are typically needed to characterize pollen samples of this complexity. Our results show that a pre-compiled, curated reference database is not essential for genus-level assignments, but species-level assignments are hindered by database gaps, reference length variation, and probable errors in the taxonomic assignment, requiring post-hoc evaluation. Although the effective per-sample yield achieved using custom MiSeq amplicon primers was less than the machine maximum, primarily due to lower "read2

  18. Taxonomic characterization of honey bee (Apis mellifera) pollen foraging based on non-overlapping paired-end sequencing of nuclear ribosomal loci

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornman, Robert S.; Otto, Clint R.; Iwanowicz, Deborah; Pettis, Jeffery S

    2015-01-01

    Identifying plant taxa that honey bees (Apis mellifera) forage upon is of great apicultural interest, but traditional methods are labor intensive and may lack resolution. Here we evaluate a high-throughput genetic barcoding approach to characterize trap-collected pollen from multiple North Dakota apiaries across multiple years. We used the Illumina MiSeq platform to generate sequence scaffolds from non-overlapping 300-bp paired-end sequencing reads of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacers (ITS). Full-length sequence scaffolds represented ~530 bp of ITS sequence after adapter trimming, drawn from the 5’ of ITS1 and the 3’ of ITS2, while skipping the uninformative 5.8S region. Operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were picked from scaffolds clustered at 97% identity, searched by BLAST against the nt database, and given taxonomic assignments using the paired-read lowest common ancestor approach. Taxonomic assignments and quantitative patterns were consistent with known plant distributions, phenology, and observational reports of pollen foraging, but revealed an unexpected contribution from non-crop graminoids and wetland plants. The mean number of plant species assignments per sample was 23.0 (+/- 5.5) and the mean species diversity (effective number of equally abundant species) was 3.3 (+/- 1.2). Bray-Curtis similarities showed good agreement among samples from the same apiary and sampling date. Rarefaction plots indicated that fewer than 50,000 reads are typically needed to characterize pollen samples of this complexity. Our results show that a pre-compiled, curated reference database is not essential for genus-level assignments, but species-level assignments are hindered by database gaps, reference length variation, and probable errors in the taxonomic assignment, requiring post-hoc evaluation. Although the effective per-sample yield achieved using custom MiSeq amplicon primers was less than the machine maximum, primarily due to lower “read2” quality

  19. IMPACTS OF APPLICATION USAGE AND LOCAL HARDWARE ON THE THROUGHPUT OF COMPUTER NETWORKS WITH DESKTOP VIRTUALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Chaves De Oliveira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Currently, virtualization solutions are employed in the vast majority of organizations around the world. The reasons for this are the benefits gained by the approach, focusing on increases in security, availability and data integrity. These privileges are also present in a new technique, which emerges from this same concept and is called desktop virtualization. This method, compelled by these advantages, has grown considerably and is likely to be implemented on more than three-quarters of organizations before 2014. As it is a technique based on physical client server architecture, it conducts all its actions on a local computer and responds to user interaction, through clients that are physically elsewhere. This means that the technique depends on the communication network which makes the interaction possible. Therefore, the importance of the network is increased and it is important to study its behavior compared to a traditional desktop solution, that is, a local solution. This article demonstrates the impact related to a Quality of Service (QoS parameter, throughput, which suffered great alterations depending on the implemented computational environment. Concomitantly, other results are expressed concerning the Quality of Experience (QoE decay with a thin client and a significant benefit of virtualization on the QoS, when remote access is required.

  20. Implementing a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure at the District of North Vancouver

    OpenAIRE

    Shad, Ben

    2011-01-01

    The District of North Vancouver (DNV) will be undergoing a district-wide desktop replacement project in 2012. This paper describes the technological and functional details of a virtualized desktop infrastructure (VDI) at DNV and analyses the expected alignment of a VDI implementation with DNV organizational goals relative to other strategic alternatives. As VDI is found to be the most appropriate alternative for the desktop replacement project, VDI vendors and solutions available on the marke...

  1. Evaluation of usefulness and availability for orthopedic surgery using clavicle fracture model manufactured by desktop 3D printer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Wang Kyun [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Cheongju Medical Center, Cheongju (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-15

    Usefulness and clinical availability for surgery efficiency were evaluated by conducting pre-operative planning with a model manufactured by desktop 3D printer by using clavicle CT image. The patient-customized clavicle fracture model was manufactured by desktop 3D printer of FDM wire laminated processing method by converting the CT image into STL file in Open Source DICOM Viewer Osirix. Also, the model of the original shape before damaged was restored and manufactured by Mirror technique based on STL file of not fractured clavicle of the other side by using the symmetry feature of the human body. For the model, the position and size, degree of the fracture was equally printed out. Using the clavicle model directly manufactured with low cost and less time in Department of Radiology is considered to be useful because it can reduce secondary damage during surgery and increase surgery efficiency with Minimal invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis(MIPO)

  2. Evaluation of usefulness and availability for orthopedic surgery using clavicle fracture model manufactured by desktop 3D printer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Usefulness and clinical availability for surgery efficiency were evaluated by conducting pre-operative planning with a model manufactured by desktop 3D printer by using clavicle CT image. The patient-customized clavicle fracture model was manufactured by desktop 3D printer of FDM wire laminated processing method by converting the CT image into STL file in Open Source DICOM Viewer Osirix. Also, the model of the original shape before damaged was restored and manufactured by Mirror technique based on STL file of not fractured clavicle of the other side by using the symmetry feature of the human body. For the model, the position and size, degree of the fracture was equally printed out. Using the clavicle model directly manufactured with low cost and less time in Department of Radiology is considered to be useful because it can reduce secondary damage during surgery and increase surgery efficiency with Minimal invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis(MIPO)

  3. Atmospheric sulphuric acid and neutral cluster measurements using CI-APi-TOF

    OpenAIRE

    Jokinen, T; Sipilä, M.; Junninen, H.; M. Ehn; Lönn, G.; Hakala, J.; T. Petäjä; R. L. Mauldin III; M. Kulmala; Worsnop, D.R.

    2011-01-01

    The first ambient measurements using nitrate ion based Chemical Ionization with the Atmospheric Pressure interface Time-Of-Flight mass spectrometer (CI-APi-TOF) for sulphuric acid and neutral cluster detection are presented. We have found CI-APi-TOF a highly stable and sensitive tool for molecular sulphuric acid detection. The lowest limit of detection for sulphuric acid was determined to be 3 × 104 molecules cm−3 for two hour averaging. Si...

  4. Web API Growing Pains: Loosely Coupled yet Strongly Tied

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Espinha, T.; Zaidman, A.; Gross, H.G.

    2014-01-01

    Web APIs provide a systematic and extensible approach for application-toapplication interaction. Developers using web APIs are forced to accompany the API providers in their software evolution tasks. In order to understand the distress caused by this imposition on web API client developers we perfor

  5. DySectAPI: Scalable Prescriptive Debugging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Nicklas Bo; Karlsson, Sven; Quarfot Nielsen, Niklas;

    We present the DySectAPI, a tool that allow users to construct probe trees for automatic, event-driven debugging at scale. The traditional, interactive debugging model, whereby users manually step through and inspect their application, does not scale well even for current supercomputers. While...... lightweight debugging models scale well, they can currently only debug a subset of bug classes. DySectAPI fills the gap between these two approaches with a novel user-guided approach. Using both experimental results and analytical modeling we show how DySectAPI scales and can run with a low overhead on...

  6. Internet SCADA Utilizing API's as Data Source

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robles, Rosslin John; Kim, Haeng-Kon; Kim, Tai-Hoon

    An Application programming interface or API is an interface implemented by a software program that enables it to interact with other software. Many companies provide free API services which can be utilized in Control Systems. SCADA is an example of a control system and it is a system that collects data from various sensors at a factory, plant or in other remote locations and then sends this data to a central computer which then manages and controls the data. In this paper, we designed a scheme for Weather Condition in Internet SCADA Environment utilizing data from external API services. The scheme was designed to double check the weather information in SCADA.

  7. SERVICE HANDBOOK FOR THE DESKTOP SUPPORT CONTRACT WIH IT DIVISION

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    A Desktop Support Contract has been running since January 1999 to offer help to all users at CERN with problems that occur with their desktop computers. The contract is run conjointly by the Swedish Company WM-data and the Swiss company DCS.The contract is comprised of the Computing Helpdesk, a General Service for all parts of CERN and also Local Service for those divisions and groups that want faster response times and additional help with their specific computer environment.In order to describe what services are being offered, and also to give a better understanding of the structure of the contract, a Service Handbook has been created. The intended audience for the Service Handbook is everyone that is using the contract, i.e. users, managers and also the service staff inside the contract. In the handbook you will find what help you can get from the contract, how to get in touch with the contract, and also what response times you can expect. Since the computer environment at CERN is a never-changing entity, ...

  8. Desktop war - data suppliers competing for bigger market share

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The intense competition among suppliers of computerized data and computer software to the petroleum and natural gas industry in western Canada is discussed. It is estimated that the Canadian oil patch spends a large sum, about $ 400 million annually on geoscience information and related costs and industry is looking for ways to significantly reduce those costs. There is a need for integrated, desktop driven data sets. Sensing the determination of industry to reduce information acquisition costs, data providers are responding with major consolidation of data sets. The major evolution in the industry is on-line access to increase the speed of information delivery. Data vendors continue to integrate land, well, log, production and other data sets whether public or proprietary. The result is stronger foundations as platforms for interpretive software. Another development is the rise of the Internet and Intranets and the re-definition of the role of information technology departments in the industry as both of these are paving the way for electronic delivery of information and software tools to the desktop. Development of proprietary data sets, acquisition of competitors with complimentary data sets that enhances products and services are just some of the ways data vendors are using to get a bigger piece of the exploration and development pie

  9. NSLS-II High Level Application Infrastructure And Client API Design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The beam commissioning software framework of NSLS-II project adopts a client/server based architecture to replace the more traditional monolithic high level application approach. It is an open structure platform, and we try to provide a narrow API set for client application. With this narrow API, existing applications developed in different language under different architecture could be ported to our platform with small modification. This paper describes system infrastructure design, client API and system integration, and latest progress. As a new 3rd generation synchrotron light source with ultra low emittance, there are new requirements and challenges to control and manipulate the beam. A use case study and a theoretical analysis have been performed to clarify requirements and challenges to the high level applications (HLA) software environment. To satisfy those requirements and challenges, adequate system architecture of the software framework is critical for beam commissioning, study and operation. The existing traditional approaches are self-consistent, and monolithic. Some of them have adopted a concept of middle layer to separate low level hardware processing from numerical algorithm computing, physics modelling, data manipulating, plotting, and error handling. However, none of the existing approaches can satisfy the requirement. A new design has been proposed by introducing service oriented architecture technology. The HLA is combination of tools for accelerator physicists and operators, which is same as traditional approach. In NSLS-II, they include monitoring applications and control routines. Scripting environment is very important for the later part of HLA and both parts are designed based on a common set of APIs. Physicists and operators are users of these APIs, while control system engineers and a few accelerator physicists are the developers of these APIs. With our Client/Server mode based approach, we leave how to retrieve information to the

  10. System for Award Management (SAM) API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The SAM API is a RESTful method of retrieving public information about the businesses, organizations, or individuals (referred to as entities) within the SAM entity...

  11. ChemSpell Web Service API

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The ChemSpell Web Service API provides chemical name spell checking and chemical name synonym look-up. ChemSpell contains more than 1.3 million chemical names...

  12. (H)appiness is a warm API!

    OpenAIRE

    Pattern, David

    2012-01-01

    Presentation given at the Internet Librarian International Conference 2012, Olympia Conference Centre, London, UK. The presentation discusses how Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) were used to help develop MyReading, the reading list software used by the University of Huddersfield.

  13. BeXRB Monitor Data API

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A fully queryable REST API with JSON, XML, and CSV output as well as inline, runable examples. This is a monitor using data from Swift/BAT, MAXI and Fermi/GBM...

  14. Legally speaking copyrightability of Java APIs revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Samuelson, P

    2015-01-01

    A recent case between Oracle v.Google challenges the long-standing view that application program interfaces are not protectable under copyright law. Java has achieved considerable success, which is why Google wanted to use Java APIs in its software platform for mobile devices. Google entered into negotiations with Sun about licensing rights in Java, which shows it knew it needed a license. When these negotiations failed, Google went ahead and copied 37 of the Java APIs anyway in the Android p...

  15. PINROB: A Portable API for Industrial Robots

    OpenAIRE

    González Harbour, M.; Gómez Somarriba, R.; Strohmeier, Alfred; Jacot, J.; Asplund, Lars

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes a software architecture for industrial robots used in manufacturing equipment. In order to achieve software portability, the application software is dissociated from the low-level robot controller software. The interaction between these two pieces of software is achieved by a portable application programming interface (API) for industrial robots. We discuss the requirements for such an API, and propose a design called PINROB.

  16. “Wrapping” X3DOM around Web Audio API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Stamoulias

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Spatial sound has a conceptual role in the Web3D environments, due to highly realism scenes that can provide. Lately the efforts are concentrated on the extension of the X3D/ X3DOM through spatial sound attributes. This paper presents a novel method for the introduction of spatial sound components in the X3DOM framework, based on X3D specification and Web Audio API. The proposed method incorporates the introduction of enhanced sound nodes for X3DOM which are derived by the implementation of the X3D standard components, enriched with accessional features of Web Audio API. Moreover, several examples-scenarios developed for the evaluation of our approach. The implemented examples established the achievability of new registered nodes in X3DOM, for spatial sound characteristics in Web3D virtual worlds.

  17. Detection of analyte binding to microarrays using gold nanoparticle labels and a desktop scanner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Han, Anpan; Dufva, Martin; Belleville, Erik;

    2003-01-01

    on gold nanoparticle labeled antibodies visualized by a commercial, office desktop flatbed scanner. Scanning electron microscopy studies showed that the signal from the flatbed scanner was proportional to the surface density of the bound antibody-gold conjugates, and that the flatbed scanner could...... detect six attomoles of antibody-gold conjugates. This detection system was used in a competitive immunoassay to measure the concentration of the pesticide metabolite 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in water samples. The results showed that the gold labeled antibodies functioned comparably with a fluorescent...... based immunoassay for detecting BAM in water. A qualitative immunoassay based on gold-labeled antibodies could determineif a water sample contained BAM above and below 60-70 ng L(-1), which is below the maximum allowed BAM concentration for drinking water (100 ng L(-1)) according to European Union...

  18. 基于UG OPEN/API的鱼雷对转螺旋桨参数化建模%Parametric Three-Dimensional Modeling for Torpedo Contra-Rotating Propeller Based on UG OPEN/API

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何惠江; 李楠

    2011-01-01

    对转螺旋桨的优化设计是鱼雷外形优化设计中很重要的部分.该文在现有UG二次开发语言UG OPEN/API的基础上,提出了一种对转螺旋桨参数化3D建模方法,建立了鱼雷对转螺旋桨的参数化模型,利用该方法能够简化对转螺旋桨优化设计的分析流程,具有较高的实用价值.%Optimization design of contra-rotating propeller is an important part in torpedo shape design. This paper presents a parametric three-dimensional modeling method for contra-rotating propeller based on UG's second development tools OPEN/API, and a parametric model of torpedo contra-rotating propeller is hence established. The modeling method can simplify the analysis process of optimization design of contra-rotating propeller.

  19. Java Foundation Classes in a Nutshell Desktop Quick Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Flanagan, David

    1999-01-01

    Java Foundation Classes in a Nutshell is an indispensable quick reference for Java programmers who are writing applications that use graphics or graphical user interfaces. The author of the bestsellingJava in a Nutshell has written fast-paced introductions to the Java APIs that comprise the Java Foundation Classes (JFC), such as the Swing GUI components and Java 2D, so that you can start using these exciting new technologies right away. This book also includes O'Reilly's classic-style, quick-reference material for all of the classes in the javax.swing and java.awt packages and their numerous

  20. Laevo: A Temporal Desktop Interface for Integrated Knowledge Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeuris, Steven; Houben, Steven; Bardram, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    Prior studies show that knowledge work is characterized by highly interlinked practices, including task, file and window management. However, existing personal information management tools primarily focus on a limited subset of knowledge work, forcing users to perform additional manual...... configuration work to integrate the different tools they use. In order to understand tool usage, we review literature on how users' activities are created and evolve over time as part of knowledge worker practices. From this we derive the activity life cycle, a conceptual framework describing the different...... states and transitions of an activity. The life cycle is used to inform the design of Laevo, a temporal activity-centric desktop interface for personal knowledge work. Laevo allows users to structure work within dedicated workspaces, managed on a timeline. Through a centralized notification system which...

  1. GRID : unlimited computing power on your desktop Conference MT17

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    The Computational GRID is an analogy to the electrical power grid for computing resources. It decouples the provision of computing, data, and networking from its use, it allows large-scale pooling and sharing of resources distributed world-wide. Every computer, from a desktop to a mainframe or supercomputer, can provide computing power or data for the GRID. The final objective is to plug your computer into the wall and have direct access to huge computing resources immediately, just like plugging-in a lamp to get instant light. The GRID will facilitate world-wide scientific collaborations on an unprecedented scale. It will provide transparent access to major distributed resources of computer power, data, information, and collaborations.

  2. An analysis of multifractal characteristics of API time series in Nanjing, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Chen-hua; Huang, Yi; Yan, Ya-ni

    2016-06-01

    This paper describes multifractal characteristics of daily air pollution index (API) records in Nanjing from 2001 to 2012. The entire daily API time series is first divided into 12 parts that serve as research objects, and the generalized Hurst exponent is calculated for each series. And then, the multifractal sources are analyzed and singularity spectra are shown. Next, based on a singularity spectrum, the multifractal-characteristics parameters (maximum exponent α0, spectrum width Δ α, and asymmetry Δ αas) are introduced. The results show that the fractality of daily API for each year is multifractal. The multifractal sources originate from both a broad probability density function and different long-range correlations with small and large fluctuations. The strength of the distribution multifractality is stronger than that of the correlation multifractality. The variation in the structure of API time series with increasing years is mainly related to long-range correlations. The structure of API time series in some years is richer. These findings can provide a scientific basis for further probing into the complexity of API.

  3. CHPS: An Environment for Collaborative Execution on Heterogeneous Desktop Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar Ilić

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Modern commodity desktop computers equipped with multi-core Central Processing Units (CPUs and specialized but programmable co-processors are capable of providing a remarkable computational performance. However, approaching this performance is not a trivial task as it requires the coordination of architecturally different devices for cooperative execution. Coordinating the use of the full set of processing units demands careful coalescing of diverse programing models and addressing the challenges imposed by the overall system complexity.

    In order to exploit the computational power of a heterogeneous desktop system, such as a platform consisting of a multi-core CPU and a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU, we propose herein a collaborative execution environment that allows to cooperatively execute a single application by exploiting both task and data parallelism. In particular, the proposed environment is able to use the different native programming models according to the device type, e.g., the application processing interfaces such as OpenMP for the CPU and Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA for the GPU devices. The data and task level parallelism is exploited for both types of processors by relying on the task description scheme defined by the proposed environment.

    The relevance of the proposed approach is demonstrated in a heterogeneous system with a quad-core CPU and a GPU for linear algebra and digital signal processing applications. We obtain significant performance gains in comparison to both single core and multi-core executions when computing matrix multiplication and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT.

  4. Desktop Modeling and Simulation: Parsimonious, yet Effective Discrete-Event Simulation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, James R.

    2012-01-01

    This paper evaluates how quickly students can be trained to construct useful discrete-event simulation models using Excel The typical supply chain used by many large national retailers is described, and an Excel-based simulation model is constructed of it The set of programming and simulation skills required for development of that model are then determined we conclude that six hours of training are required to teach the skills to MBA students . The simulation presented here contains all fundamental functionallty of a simulation model, and so our result holds for any discrete-event simulation model. We argue therefore that Industry workers with the same technical skill set as students having completed one year in an MBA program can be quickly trained to construct simulation models. This result gives credence to the efficacy of Desktop Modeling and Simulation whereby simulation analyses can be quickly developed, run, and analyzed with widely available software, namely Excel.

  5. APIs and Researchers: The Emperor's New Clothes?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Edmond

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available As part of the Europeana Cloud (eCloud project, Trinity College Dublin investigated best practice in the use of web services, such as APIs, for accessing large data sets from cultural heritage collections. This research looked into the provision and use of APIs, and moreover, whether or not more customised programmatic access to datasets is what researchers want or need. In order to understand whether current patterns of API usage reflect a skills gap on the part of researchers or a mismatch of tool to purpose, we looked not only at the creators and developer/users of APIs, but also at humanists already re-using big data; approaches in cultural heritage institutions and other research infrastructures to bring API use to non-technical audiences; and the kinds of training and other support services available or emerging within the data-intensive humanities research lifecycle. We conducted both desk research and a series of 11 interviews with figures working as researchers, developers or data providers, including figures from both the API development and the data usage communities. This research, conducted under the eCloud project and supported by the European Commission’s ICT Policy and Support Programme (Grant number 325091, was begun in March 2014 and is now in its concluding validation stage. The results of the research are not yet finalised, but the contribution is already emerging of this work to the debate about APIs being either the way forward for digital cultural heritage collections, or the Emperor’s New Clothes (or maybe a bit of both.

  6. Comparative Foraging Behavior of Apis Cerana F. and Apis Mellifera L. in Rapeseed under Cage Condition in Chitwan, Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rameshwor Pudasaini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available An experiment was conducted to determine the foraging behavior of Apis mellifera L. and Apis cerana F. in rapeseed under cage condition in Chitwan, Nepal during 2012-2013. This experiment showed that Apis cerana F. foraged extra 42 minute per day as compared to Apis mellifera L. Apis cerana F. were more attracted to nectar, whereas Apis mellifera L. were more attracted to pollen collection throughout the day. The activities, in into hives and out from hives, for both species were recorded more at 2:00 pm and least at 8:00 am. The highest in-out were observed at 2:00 pm on both species as Apis mellifera L. 44.33 bees entered into hives and 49.66 bees went out of hives, whereas lower number of Apis cerana F. 43.66 bees entered into hives and 48.16 bees were out of hives. Apis mellifera L. collect 1.22:1 and 0.41:1 pollen nectar ratio at 10:00 am and 4:00 am whereas at same hours Apis cerana collect 1.16:1 and 0.30:1 pollen nectar ratio. Apis cerana F. foraged significantly higher number of rapeseed flowers and plants as compared to Apis mellifera L. under caged condition. It shows that Apis cerana F. was more efficient pollinator as compared to Apis mellifera L. under caged condition.

  7. CALIBRATION, OPTIMIZATION, AND SENSITIVITY AND UNCERTAINTY ALGORITHMS APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE (COSU-API)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Application Programming Interface (API) for Uncertainty Analysis, Sensitivity Analysis, and Parameter Estimation (UA/SA/PE API) tool development, here fore referred to as the Calibration, Optimization, and Sensitivity and Uncertainty Algorithms API (COSU-API), was initially d...

  8. Advanced API security securing APIs with OAuth 2.0, OpenID Connect, JWS, and JWE

    CERN Document Server

    Siriwardena, Prabath

    2014-01-01

    Advanced API Security is a complete reference to the next wave of challenges in enterprise security--securing public and private APIs. API adoption in both consumer and enterprises has gone beyond predictions. It has become the 'coolest' way of exposing business functionalities to the outside world. Both your public and private APIs, need to be protected, monitored and managed. Security is not an afterthought, but API security has evolved a lot in last five years. The growth of standards, out there, has been exponential. That's where AdvancedAPI Security comes in--to wade through the weeds

  9. Comparative Foraging Behavior of Apis Cerana F. and Apis Mellifera L. in Rapeseed under Cage Condition in Chitwan, Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Rameshwor Pudasaini; Resham Bahadur Thapa

    2014-01-01

    An experiment was conducted to determine the foraging behavior of Apis mellifera L. and Apis cerana F. in rapeseed under cage condition in Chitwan, Nepal during 2012-2013. This experiment showed that Apis cerana F. foraged extra 42 minute per day as compared to Apis mellifera L. Apis cerana F. were more attracted to nectar, whereas Apis mellifera L. were more attracted to pollen collection throughout the day. The activities, in into hives and out from hives, for both species were recorded mor...

  10. Improvements in fast-response flood modeling: desktop parallel computing and domain tracking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Judi, David R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcpherson, Timothy N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Burian, Steven J [UNIV. OF UTAH

    2009-01-01

    It is becoming increasingly important to have the ability to accurately forecast flooding, as flooding accounts for the most losses due to natural disasters in the world and the United States. Flood inundation modeling has been dominated by one-dimensional approaches. These models are computationally efficient and are considered by many engineers to produce reasonably accurate water surface profiles. However, because the profiles estimated in these models must be superimposed on digital elevation data to create a two-dimensional map, the result may be sensitive to the ability of the elevation data to capture relevant features (e.g. dikes/levees, roads, walls, etc...). Moreover, one-dimensional models do not explicitly represent the complex flow processes present in floodplains and urban environments and because two-dimensional models based on the shallow water equations have significantly greater ability to determine flow velocity and direction, the National Research Council (NRC) has recommended that two-dimensional models be used over one-dimensional models for flood inundation studies. This paper has shown that two-dimensional flood modeling computational time can be greatly reduced through the use of Java multithreading on multi-core computers which effectively provides a means for parallel computing on a desktop computer. In addition, this paper has shown that when desktop parallel computing is coupled with a domain tracking algorithm, significant computation time can be eliminated when computations are completed only on inundated cells. The drastic reduction in computational time shown here enhances the ability of two-dimensional flood inundation models to be used as a near-real time flood forecasting tool, engineering, design tool, or planning tool. Perhaps even of greater significance, the reduction in computation time makes the incorporation of risk and uncertainty/ensemble forecasting more feasible for flood inundation modeling (NRC 2000; Sayers et al

  11. Comparative virulence and competition between Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae in honey bees (Apis mellifera).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milbrath, Meghan O; van Tran, Toan; Huang, Wei-Fong; Solter, Leellen F; Tarpy, David R; Lawrence, Frank; Huang, Zachary Y

    2015-02-01

    Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are infected by two species of microsporidia: Nosema apis and Nosemaceranae. Epidemiological evidence indicates that N. ceranae may be replacing N. apis globally in A. mellifera populations, suggesting a potential competitive advantage of N. ceranae. Mixed infections of the two species occur, and little is known about the interactions among the host and the two pathogens that have allowed N. ceranae to become dominant in most geographical areas. We demonstrated that mixed Nosema species infections negatively affected honey bee survival (median survival=15-17days) more than single species infections (median survival=21days and 20days for N. apis and N. ceranae, respectively), with median survival of control bees of 27days. We found similar rates of infection (percentage of bees with active infections after inoculation) for both species in mixed infections, with N. apis having a slightly higher rate (91% compared to 86% for N. ceranae). We observed slightly higher spore counts in bees infected with N. ceranae than in bees infected with N. apis in single microsporidia infections, especially at the midpoint of infection (day 10). Bees with mixed infections of both species had higher spore counts than bees with single infections, but spore counts in mixed infections were highly variable. We did not see a competitive advantage for N. ceranae in mixed infections; N. apis spore counts were either higher or counts were similar for both species and more N. apis spores were produced in 62% of bees inoculated with equal dosages of the two microsporidian species. N. ceranae does not, therefore, appear to have a strong within-host advantage for either infectivity or spore growth, suggesting that direct competition in these worker bee mid-guts is not responsible for its apparent replacement of N. apis. PMID:25527406

  12. Unified Medical Language System Terminology Services (UTS) API

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The UTS API is intended for application developers to perform Web service calls and retrieve UMLS data within their own applications. The UTS API provides the...

  13. MODAPS Web Services API for LANCE-MODIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — MODAPS Web Services API for LANCE-MODIS. This Application Programming Interface (API) encompasses a library of functions that provides programmatic data access to...

  14. Pro REST API development with nodejs

    CERN Document Server

    Doglio, Fernando

    2015-01-01

    Pro REST API Development with Node.js is your guide to managing and understanding the full capabilities of successful REST development. API design is a hot topic in the programming world, but not many resources exist for developers to really understand how you can leverage the advantages. This book will provide a brief background on REST and the tools it provides (well known and not so well known). Understand how there is more to REST than just JSON and URLs. You will then cover and compare the maintained modules currently available in the npm community, including Express, Restify, Vatican,

  15. Thematic Cartography Based on JFreeChart and ArcGIS JavaScript API%基于JFreeChart与ArcGIS JavaScript API的专题制图

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾文华; 赵飞; 任福; 杜清运

    2012-01-01

    基于目前迅速发展的WebGIS技术,结合专题地图智能应用的特点,提出了一种JFreeChart图表组件与ArcGIS JavaScript API相结合动态制作网络专题图的方法.该方法利用JFreeChart强大的图表引擎功能,在服务器端构建统计符号库,以JSON和XML等形式获取专题统计数据,根据统计数据特征自动选择适宜表达方式,生成统计符号后与客户端请求的WMS或WFS服务图层叠加生成专题图.以浙江省在线动态专题地图制作软件为例,对JFreeChart与ArcGIS JavaScript API结合制作网络专题图进行了应用.实践表明,此方法以网络服务形式提供,动态制图功能扩展更灵活,统计符号类型丰富,能满足不同专业背景用户的制图需求,体现了专题地图智能化的应用.%A new method for Web cartography, which using ArcGIS JavaScript API combined a chart component named JFreeChart, was put forward to make thematic mapping easier in the context of Web. According to this method, the statistic map symbol base was constructed based on JFreeChart in the server end and the statistic data was transferred to the server by the form of JSON and XML, then the appropriate visualization expression was pushed on the basis of the characteristics of statistical data and diagrams were constructed. Finally, a complete thematic map was composed of diagrams from server and some geographic base maps in the client. At last, Zhejiang Online dynamic thematic map production software was taken as an example to show the application of various technique of Web visualization of statistic data based on this method. It showed that the visualization system and method of visualization functions were worthy of spreading.

  16. 47 CFR 61.46 - Adjustments to the API.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Adjustments to the API. 61.46 Section 61.46... Rules for Dominant Carriers § 61.46 Adjustments to the API. (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (d) and... carrier must calculate an API for each affected basket pursuant to the following methodology: APIt =...

  17. EVALUATION OF CORROSION IN WELD REGION AND BASE METAL OF API 5L X80 PIPE IN MEDIUM CONTAINING HYDROGEN SULPHIDE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Nagle Armendro

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to compare the corrosion resistance of the base metal (MB and weld region (RCS of a X80 pipeline in three types of aqueous solution of acetic acid (CH3COOH 0,5% by weight: naturally aerated, non-aerated and non-aerated with H2S. Linear polarization is employed for it determinates Polarization Resistance (Rp which allows comparing the corrosion resistance of steel in different conditions. The results show that Rp practically does not change with the immersion time (until 8 hours, for both regions. The two regions have higher Rp in non-aerated aqueous solution, intermediate Rp in non-aerated with H2S and lower Rp in naturally aerated; this is due the effect of oxygen in cathodic reactions and shows that H2S can accelerate slightly the corrosion. The RCS has greater Rp than the MB for any aeration conditions. The presence of alloying elements in RCS justifies this behavior. The morphology of corrosion was examined under an optical microscope (MO and shows that uniform corrosion is predominant.

  18. Nielsen PrimeLocation Web/Desktop: Assessing and GIS Mapping Market Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — Nielsen PrimeLocation Web and Desktop Software Licensed for Internal Use only: Pop-Facts Demographics Database, Geographic Mapping Data Layers, Geo-Coding locations.

  19. The Apis mellifera filamentous virus genome

    Science.gov (United States)

    A complete reference genome of the Apis mellifera Filamentous virus (AmFV) was determined using Illumina Hiseq sequencing. The AmFV genome is a double strand DNA molecule of approximately 498’500 nucleotides with a GC content of 50.8%. It encompasses 251 non overlapping open reading frames (ORFs), e...

  20. API and ISO standards can be combined

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that oil field equipment and product manufacturers can maintain a competitive advantage and minimize costs by integrating American Petroleum Institute (API) licensing programs with International Standards Organization (ISO) 9001 standards under one quality system. A combined quality system approach can position a company for quality system certification under ISO 9001 while maintaining API specifications. Furthermore, only one quality system manual is needed for API licensing and ISO certification, avoiding duplication of effort. The benefits of a documented quality program include the flowing: Job descriptions and personnel qualification requirements are documented; The improved documentation allows direct tracing of specific production activities; Laboratory test methods and calibration of test equipment follow accepted standards for more reliable and reproducible test data; Quality control becomes proactive, not reactive, through internal process controls previously not implemented; Employee attitudes improve through appreciation for the overall goals of the company; Ambiguous quality issues, such as documenting special customer requirements, are easily resolved; and The company image improves with customers, particularly for those that require API Specification Q1 or ISO 9001 compliance or those having their own quality performance standards

  1. Outcome of Colonization of Apis mellifera by Nosema ceranae▿

    OpenAIRE

    Martín-Hernández, Raquel; Meana, Aránzazu; Prieto, Lourdes; Salvador, Amparo Martínez; Garrido-Bailón, Encarna; Higes, Mariano

    2007-01-01

    A multiplex PCR-based method, in which two small-subunit rRNA regions are simultaneously amplified in a single reaction, was designed for parallel detection of honeybee microsporidians (Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae). Each of two pairs of primers exclusively amplified the 16S rRNA targeted gene of a specific microsporidian. The multiplex PCR assay was useful for specific detection of the two species of microsporidians related to bee nosemosis, not only in purified spores but also in honeybee...

  2. The Nature and Extent of Desktop Graffiti Among U.S. College Students: An Exploratory Study

    OpenAIRE

    Ball, Daisy Barbara

    2004-01-01

    The Nature and Extent of Desktop Graffiti Among U.S. College Students: An Exploratory Study Daisy Barbara Ball Abstract This study investigates classroom graffiti by U.S. college students. The data analyzed were collected in nine classrooms randomly selected from two buildings at a major land grant university. In all, 1,758 examples of identifiable pieces of graffiti were collected and analyzed from 419 desktops. Using data supplied by the University Registrar, the t...

  3. Active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) production involving continuous processes – A process system engineering (PSE)-assisted design framework

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cervera Padrell, Albert Emili; Skovby, Tommy; Kiil, Søren;

    2012-01-01

    A systematic framework is proposed for the design of continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing processes. Specifically, the design framework focuses on organic chemistry based, active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) synthetic processes, but could potentially be extended to biocatalytic and fermenta......A systematic framework is proposed for the design of continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing processes. Specifically, the design framework focuses on organic chemistry based, active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) synthetic processes, but could potentially be extended to biocatalytic and...... for the selection of batch and continuous processes so that the whole design results in low capital and operational costs as well as low environmental footprint. The design framework has been applied to the retrofit of an existing batch-wise process used by H. Lundbeck A/S to produce an API...... exchange steps, and thus constitutes a good example of how the design framework can be useful to efficiently design novel or already existing API manufacturing processes taking advantage of continuous processes....

  4. How Do Developers Use APIs? A Case Study in Concurrency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blom, Stefan; Kiniry, Joseph; Huisman, Marieke

    2013-01-01

    With the omnipresent usage of APIs in software development, it has become important to analyse how the routines and functionalities of APIs are actually used. This information is in particular useful for API developers, to make decisions about future updates of the API. However, also for developers...... of static analysis and verification tools this information is highly important, because it indicates where and how to put the most efficient effort in annotating APIs, to make them usable for the static analysis and verification tools. This paper presents an analysis of the usage of the routines and...

  5. Linked Vocabulary API for the Earth Sciences Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zednik, S.; Fox, P. A.; Fu, L.; West, P.; Ma, X.

    2014-12-01

    The Linked Vocabulary API is a specification for publishing RESTful APIs of vocabularies represented in the Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) as Linked Data on the web. This work began as part of the Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning Vocabularies (CMSPV) project in response to the need for a standard manner for agencies to publish and consume hierarchical vocabularies on the web. The RESTful architecture of the API provides a simple mechanism for consumption of full vocabularies, single vocabulary terms, related terms, and searches on terms. The Linked Data nature of the API promotes interoperability by exposing vocabulary resources as resolvable URIs that may be referenced from other vocabularies or sources of Linked Data and by allowing the published vocabulary to contain references as links to terms from other vocabularies. The Linked Vocabulary API is formally defined in a Linked Data API specification and may be deployed using standard implementations of the Linked Data API such as the Epimorphics Linked Data API (ELDA). Recent presentations of work done with the Linked Vocabulary API as part of the CMSPV project have resulted in the API receiving growing interest from the broader scientific community. In this contribution we present the Linked Vocabulary API design and deployment process.

  6. Life cycle assessment study of a Chinese desktop personal computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Associated with the tremendous prosperity in world electronic information and telecommunication industry, there continues to be an increasing awareness of the environmental impacts related to the accelerating mass production, electricity use, and waste management of electronic and electric products (e-products). China's importance as both a consumer and supplier of e-products has grown at an unprecedented pace in recent decade. Hence, this paper aims to describe the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) to investigate the environmental performance of Chinese e-products from a global level. A desktop personal computer system has been selected to carry out a detailed and modular LCA which follows the ISO 14040 series. The LCA is constructed by SimaPro software version 7.0 and expressed with the Eco-indicator'99 life cycle impact assessment method. For a sensitivity analysis of the overall LCA results, the so-called CML method is used in order to estimate the influence of the choice of the assessment method on the result. Life cycle inventory information is complied by ecoinvent 1.3 databases, combined with literature and field investigations on the present Chinese situation. The established LCA study shows that that the manufacturing and the use of such devices are of the highest environmental importance. In the manufacturing of such devices, the integrated circuits (ICs) and the Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) are those parts contributing most to the impact. As no other aspects are taken into account during the use phase, the impact is due to the way how the electricity is produced. The final process steps - i.e. the end of life phase - lead to a clear environmental benefit if a formal and modern, up-to-date technical system is assumed, like here in this study

  7. OWL应用接口的比较分析%Comparative Analysis of APIs for OWL Ontology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊振辉; 于娟

    2015-01-01

    The paper comparatively analyzes three types of APIs for OWL, including Jena API、Protégé API and OWL API, from aspects of characteristics, platforms which they base on, languages which they can process and OWL ontology models. It focuses on commonly-used functions of OWL API and obtains related conclusions: (1) Jena API cannot achieve all functions of OWL because it bases on RDF triple;(2) OWL API is specifically designed for OWL and it supports structural specification of OWL2 which is the latest edition of OWL;(3) current APIs for OWL ontology mostly base on Java platform, whereas APIs base on other platforms (e.g. .net plat-form) have not appeared.%比较分析了Jena API、Protégé API、OWL API这三种OWL应用接口(API)的特点、所基于的平台、可处理的语言以及描述OWL本体的模型,重点介绍了OWL API的常用基本功能,得出了相关结论:(1)Jena API基于RDF三元组的特点使其不能实现OWL语言的全部功能;(2)OWL API针对OWL语言设计,且支持最新的OWL2语言的结构规范;(3)目前这些API都是基于Java平台的,对于其它平台(如.net平台),尚未见有成熟的API出现。

  8. Comparison of API ZYM system with API AN-Ident, API 20A, Minitek Anaerobe II, and RapID-ANA systems for identification of Clostridium difficile.

    OpenAIRE

    Head, C B; Ratnam, S

    1988-01-01

    The API ZYM system was compared with four anaerobe identification systems for the definitive identification of Clostridium difficile by using 88 cultures of C. difficile grown on Mueller-Hinton blood agar medium. The API ZYM system yielded a distinct and consistent enzyme profile for all test strains, whereas the sensitivities of the other systems in identifying C. difficile ranged from 78 to 96% (AN-Ident, 77.9%; RapID-ANA, 88.6%; Minitek Anaerobe II, 90.9%; and API 20A, 95.5%). The API ZYM ...

  9. A Comparison of Article Search APIs via Blinded Experiment and Developer Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Rochkind

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study looks at perceived user preference between products that can provide a scholarly article search service via an application programming interface (API. The study set up a blinded review and asked users at Johns Hopkins to select the service that provided the most useful results. Few statistically significant preferences were detected, and some interpretation is provided of what the results might tell us. The specific products evaluated for this study are: Serials Solutions Summon, Ex Libris Primo, EBSCO EDS, EBSCOHost ‘traditional’ API, and Elsevier Scopus. Re-usable open source tools for implementing article search were created to support the study and future development, and a developer review of the APIs is included based on the developer's experience in this implementation.

  10. An API to Wi-Fi Direct Using Reactive Building Blocks

    OpenAIRE

    Gabrielsen, Erlend Bjerke

    2012-01-01

    Implementing unfamiliar functionalities in smartphone applications can be a difficult and a tedious task. Owing to the fact that the API do not have a formal way of representing the sequence of events may be one reason. This thesis describes the development process of various Arctis building blocks based on Android's API of Wi-Fi Direct. The objective of these blocks was to simplify the implementation of Wi-Fi Direct by confining a predictable sequence of events.An Android application wa...

  11. Atmospheric sulphuric acid and neutral cluster measurements using CI-APi-TOF

    OpenAIRE

    Jokinen, T; Sipilä, M.; Junninen, H.; M. Ehn; Lönn, G.; Hakala, J.; T. Petäjä; Mauldin, R. L.; M. Kulmala; Worsnop, D.R.

    2012-01-01

    The first ambient measurements using nitrate ion based Chemical Ionization with the Atmospheric Pressure interface Time-Of-Flight mass spectrometer (CI-APi-TOF) for sulphuric acid and neutral cluster detection are presented. We have found CI-APi-TOF a highly stable and sensitive tool for molecular sulphuric acid detection. The lowest limit of detection for sulphuric acid was determined to be 3.6 × 104 molecules cm−3 for 15 min averaging. Signals f...

  12. Lowering the learning curve for declarative programming: a Python API for the IDP system

    OpenAIRE

    Vennekens, Joost

    2015-01-01

    Programmers may be hesitant to use declarative systems, because of the associated learning curve. In this paper, we present an API that integrates the IDP Knowledge Base system into the Python programming language. IDP is a state-of-the-art logical system, which uses SAT, SMT, Logic Programming and Answer Set Programming tech- nology. Python is currently one of the most widely used (teaching) lan- guages for programming. The first goal of our API is to allow a Python programmer to use the dec...

  13. Population Genetics of Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae: One Host (Apis mellifera) and Two Different Histories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maside, Xulio; Gómez-Moracho, Tamara; Jara, Laura; Martín-Hernández, Raquel; De la Rúa, Pilar; Higes, Mariano; Bartolomé, Carolina

    2015-01-01

    Two microsporidians are known to infect honey bees: Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. Whereas population genetics data for the latter have been released in the last few years, such information is still missing for N. apis. Here we analyze the patterns of nucleotide polymorphism at three single-copy loci (PTP2, PTP3 and RPB1) in a collection of Apis mellifera isolates from all over the world, naturally infected either with N. apis (N = 22) or N. ceranae (N = 23), to provide new insights into the genetic diversity, demography and evolution of N. apis, as well as to compare them with evidence from N. ceranae. Neutral variation in N. apis and N. ceranae is of the order of 1%. This amount of diversity suggests that there is no substantial differentiation between the genetic content of the two nuclei present in these parasites, and evidence for genetic recombination provides a putative mechanism for the flow of genetic information between chromosomes. The analysis of the frequency spectrum of neutral variants reveals a significant surplus of low frequency variants, particularly in N. ceranae, and suggests that the populations of the two pathogens are not in mutation-drift equilibrium and that they have experienced a population expansion. Most of the variation in both species occurs within honey bee colonies (between 62%-90% of the total genetic variance), although in N. apis there is evidence for differentiation between parasites isolated from distinct A. mellifera lineages (20%-34% of the total variance), specifically between those collected from lineages A and C (or M). This scenario is consistent with a long-term host-parasite relationship and contrasts with the lack of differentiation observed among host-lineages in N. ceranae (< 4% of the variance), which suggests that the spread of this emergent pathogen throughout the A. mellifera worldwide population is a recent event. PMID:26720131

  14. Population Genetics of Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae: One Host (Apis mellifera and Two Different Histories.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xulio Maside

    Full Text Available Two microsporidians are known to infect honey bees: Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. Whereas population genetics data for the latter have been released in the last few years, such information is still missing for N. apis. Here we analyze the patterns of nucleotide polymorphism at three single-copy loci (PTP2, PTP3 and RPB1 in a collection of Apis mellifera isolates from all over the world, naturally infected either with N. apis (N = 22 or N. ceranae (N = 23, to provide new insights into the genetic diversity, demography and evolution of N. apis, as well as to compare them with evidence from N. ceranae. Neutral variation in N. apis and N. ceranae is of the order of 1%. This amount of diversity suggests that there is no substantial differentiation between the genetic content of the two nuclei present in these parasites, and evidence for genetic recombination provides a putative mechanism for the flow of genetic information between chromosomes. The analysis of the frequency spectrum of neutral variants reveals a significant surplus of low frequency variants, particularly in N. ceranae, and suggests that the populations of the two pathogens are not in mutation-drift equilibrium and that they have experienced a population expansion. Most of the variation in both species occurs within honey bee colonies (between 62%-90% of the total genetic variance, although in N. apis there is evidence for differentiation between parasites isolated from distinct A. mellifera lineages (20%-34% of the total variance, specifically between those collected from lineages A and C (or M. This scenario is consistent with a long-term host-parasite relationship and contrasts with the lack of differentiation observed among host-lineages in N. ceranae (< 4% of the variance, which suggests that the spread of this emergent pathogen throughout the A. mellifera worldwide population is a recent event.

  15. An overview of the CellML API and its implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halstead Matt

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background CellML is an XML based language for representing mathematical models, in a machine-independent form which is suitable for their exchange between different authors, and for archival in a model repository. Allowing for the exchange and archival of models in a computer readable form is a key strategic goal in bioinformatics, because of the associated improvements in scientific record accuracy, the faster iterative process of scientific development, and the ability to combine models into large integrative models. However, for CellML models to be useful, tools which can process them correctly are needed. Due to some of the more complex features present in CellML models, such as imports, developing code ab initio to correctly process models can be an onerous task. For this reason, there is a clear and pressing need for an application programming interface (API, and a good implementation of that API, upon which tools can base their support for CellML. Results We developed an API which allows the information in CellML models to be retrieved and/or modified. We also developed a series of optional extension APIs, for tasks such as simplifying the handling of connections between variables, dealing with physical units, validating models, and translating models into different procedural languages. We have also provided a Free/Open Source implementation of this application programming interface, optimised to achieve good performance. Conclusions Tools have been developed using the API which are mature enough for widespread use. The API has the potential to accelerate the development of additional tools capable of processing CellML, and ultimately lead to an increased level of sharing of mathematical model descriptions.

  16. Genetic variation in natural honeybee populations, Apis mellifera capensis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hepburn, Randall; Neumann, Peter; Radloff, Sarah E.

    2004-09-01

    Genetic variation in honeybee, Apis mellifera, populations can be considerably influenced by breeding and commercial introductions, especially in areas with abundant beekeeping. However, in southern Africa apiculture is based on the capture of wild swarms, and queen rearing is virtually absent. Moreover, the introduction of European subspecies constantly failed in the Cape region. We therefore hypothesize a low human impact on genetic variation in populations of Cape honeybees, Apis mellifera capensis. A novel solution to studying genetic variation in honeybee populations based on thelytokous worker reproduction is applied to test this hypothesis. Environmental effects on metrical morphological characters of the phenotype are separated to obtain a genetic residual component. The genetic residuals are then re-calculated as coefficients of genetic variation. Characters measured included hair length on the abdomen, width and length of wax plate, and three wing angles. The data show for the first time that genetic variation in Cape honeybee populations is independent of beekeeping density and probably reflects naturally occurring processes such as gene flow due to topographic and climatic variation on a microscale.

  17. Functional characterization of naturally occurring melittin peptide isoforms in two honey bee species, Apis mellifera and Apis cerana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Doori; Jung, Je Won; Lee, Mi Ok; Lee, Si Young; Kim, Boyun; Jin, Hye Jun; Kim, Jiyoung; Ahn, Young-Joon; Lee, Ki Won; Song, Yong Sang; Hong, Seunghun; Womack, James E; Kwon, Hyung Wook

    2014-03-01

    Insect-derived antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have diverse effects on antimicrobial properties and pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammation and anticancer properties. Naturally occurring genetic polymorphism have a direct and/or indirect influence on pharmacological effect of AMPs, therefore information on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) occurring in natural AMPs provides an important clue to therapeutic applications. Here we identified nucleotide polymorphisms in melittin gene of honey bee populations, which is one of the potent AMP in bee venoms. We found that the novel SNP of melittin gene exists in these two honey bee species, Apis mellifera and Apis cerana. Nine polymorphisms were identified within the coding region of the melittin gene, of which one polymorphism that resulted in serine (Ser) to asparagine (Asp) substitution that can potentially effect on biological activities of melittin peptide. Serine-substituted melittin (Mel-S) showed more cytotoxic effect than asparagine-substituted melittin (Mel-N) against E. coli. Also, Mel-N and Mel-S had different inhibitory effects on the production of inflammatory factors such as IL-6 and TNF-α in BV-2 cells. Moreover, Mel-S showed stronger cytotoxic activities than Mel-N peptide against two human ovarian cancer cell lines. Using carbon nanotube-based transistor, we here characterized that Mel-S interacted with small unilamellar liposomes more strongly than Mel-N. Taken together, our present study demonstrates that there exist different characteristics of the gene frequency and the biological activities of the melittin peptide in two honey bee species, Apis mellifera and A. cerana. PMID:24512991

  18. Effects of Nosema apis, N. ceranae, and coinfections on honey bee (Apis mellifera) learning and memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charbonneau, Lise R; Hillier, Neil Kirk; Rogers, Richard E L; Williams, Geoffrey R; Shutler, Dave

    2016-01-01

    Western honey bees (Apis mellifera) face an increasing number of challenges that in recent years have led to significant economic effects on apiculture, with attendant consequences for agriculture. Nosemosis is a fungal infection of honey bees caused by either Nosema apis or N. ceranae. The putative greater virulence of N. ceranae has spurred interest in understanding how it differs from N. apis. Little is known of effects of N. apis or N. ceranae on honey bee learning and memory. Following a Pavlovian model that relies on the proboscis extension reflex, we compared acquisition learning and long-term memory recall of uninfected (control) honey bees versus those inoculated with N. apis, N. ceranae, or both. We also tested whether spore intensity was associated with variation in learning and memory. Neither learning nor memory differed among treatments. There was no evidence of a relationship between spore intensity and learning, and only limited evidence of a negative effect on memory; this occurred only in the co-inoculation treatment. Our results suggest that if Nosema spp. are contributing to unusually high colony losses in recent years, the mechanism by which they may affect honey bees is probably not related to effects on learning or memory, at least as assessed by the proboscis extension reflex. PMID:26961062

  19. Emissions of Ultrafine Particles and Volatile Organic Compounds from Commercially Available Desktop Three-Dimensional Printers with Multiple Filaments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azimi, Parham; Zhao, Dan; Pouzet, Claire; Crain, Neil E; Stephens, Brent

    2016-02-01

    Previous research has shown that desktop 3D printers can emit large numbers of ultrafine particles (UFPs, particles less than 100 nm) and some hazardous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) during printing, although very few filament and 3D printer combinations have been tested to date. Here we quantify emissions of UFPs and speciated VOCs from five commercially available filament extrusion desktop 3D printers utilizing up to nine different filaments by controlled experiments in a test chamber. Median estimates of time-varying UFP emission rates ranged from ∼10(8) to ∼10(11) min(-1) across all tested combinations, varying primarily by filament material and, to a lesser extent, bed temperature. The individual VOCs emitted in the largest quantities included caprolactam from nylon-based and imitation wood and brick filaments (ranging from ∼2 to ∼180 μg/min), styrene from acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and high-impact polystyrene (HIPS) filaments (ranging from ∼10 to ∼110 μg/min), and lactide from polylactic acid (PLA) filaments (ranging from ∼4 to ∼5 μg/min). Results from a screening analysis of potential exposure to these products in a typical small office environment suggest caution should be used when operating many of the printer and filament combinations in poorly ventilated spaces or without the aid of combined gas and particle filtration systems. PMID:26741485

  20. Asteroids - NeoWs API

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — NeoWs (Near Earth Object Web Service) is a RESTful web service for near earth Asteroid information. With NeoWs a user can: search for Asteroids based on their...

  1. 基于电信API长短信平台的二次开发利用%Secondary Development and Utilization of Long SMS Platform Based on Telecommunication API

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李桐; 李朴哲; 向福林

    2012-01-01

    With the popularity of mobile phones, more and more information will be received as text messages. The telecommunication API is used to extract the scores of college students from SQL database, and the messaging interface of the ability platform is called to achieve Web functions of sending text messages, which are promptly released to the guardian phone, so that schools and parents work together to monitor student learning. This article firstly introduces the basic principles of telecommunication API and the interface specification, combines the actual development needs to modify the API JSON format; secondly, uses Visual Studio 2008 to build a software platform, which connects Microsoft SQL Server database; finally, extracts information from the database, uses the "event" in Visual Studio 2008 to trigger API interface to accurately send the information to the target phone. The whole process is tested and is satisfied to the development requirements.%随着手机的普及,越来越多的信息将会利用短信进行接收.本文利用电信API将高校学生成绩从SQL数据库中提取出来,通过调用能力平台短信接口,实现Web发送短信功能,并及时发布至其监护人的手机,达到学校和家长共同监督学生学习的目的.首先介绍电信API的基本原理及接口规范,结合实际开发需要修改API中的JSON等格式;其次利用Visual Studio 2008搭建软件平台,并与利用Microsoft SQL Server建立的数据库连接;最后,从数据库中提取信息后,利用Visual Studio 2008中的“事件”触发API短信能力接口,将信息准确地发送至目标手机中,并且对其整个流程进行测试,使其符合开发要求.

  2. Realization of a Search Website Based on ASP. NET and Yahoo Web APIs%一个基于ASP.NET与Yahoo Web APIs的搜索网站的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘蓉; 王国顺; 文亮

    2005-01-01

    继Google之后,Yahoo公司也发布了免费和受限的Web搜索服务APIs.本文介绍了Yahoo搜索服务的技术特点,简述了调用接口和返回文档结构,给出了一个基于ASP.NET的搜索网的技术要点和实现代码,设计并实现了一个搜索网实例.

  3. Testing the quality of images for permanent magnet desktop MRI systems using specially designed phantoms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our aim was to measure the performance of desktop magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems using specially designed phantoms, by testing imaging parameters and analysing the imaging quality. We designed multifunction phantoms with diameters of 18 and 60 mm for desktop MRI scanners in accordance with the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) report no. 28. We scanned the phantoms with three permanent magnet 0.5 T desktop MRI systems, measured the MRI image parameters, and analysed imaging quality by comparing the data with the AAPM criteria and Chinese national standards. Image parameters included: resonance frequency, high contrast spatial resolution, low contrast object detectability, slice thickness, geometrical distortion, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and image uniformity. The image parameters of three desktop MRI machines could be measured using our specially designed phantoms, and most parameters were in line with MRI quality control criterion, including: resonance frequency, high contrast spatial resolution, low contrast object detectability, slice thickness, geometrical distortion, image uniformity and slice position accuracy. However, SNR was significantly lower than in some references. The imaging test and quality control are necessary for desktop MRI systems, and should be performed with the applicable phantom and corresponding standards. (paper)

  4. Desktop exposure system and dosimetry for small scale in vivo radiofrequency exposure experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Yijian; Capstick, Myles; Tillmann, Thomas; Dasenbrock, Clemens; Samaras, Theodoros; Kuster, Niels

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a new approach to the risk assessment of exposure from wireless network devices, including an exposure setup and dosimetric assessment for in vivo studies. A novel desktop reverberation chamber has been developed for well-controlled exposure of mice for up to 24 h per day to address the biological impact of human exposure scenarios by wireless networks. The carrier frequency of 2.45 GHz corresponds to one of the major bands used in data communication networks and is modulated by various modulation schemes, including Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS), Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), and wireless local area network, etc. The system has been designed to enable exposures of whole-body averaged specific absorption rate (SAR) of up to 15 W/kg for six mice of an average weight of 25 g or of up to 320 V/m incident time-averaged fields under loaded conditions without distortion of the signal. The dosimetry for whole-body SAR and organ-averaged SAR of the exposed mice, with analysis of uncertainty and variation analysis, is assessed. The experimental dosimetry based on temperature measurement agrees well with the numerical dosimetry, with a very good SAR uniformity of 0.4 dB in the chamber. Furthermore, a thermal analysis and measurements were performed to provide better understanding of the temperature load and distribution in the mice during exposure. PMID:26769169

  5. H-Trust:A Group Trust Management System for Peer-to-Peer Desktop Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huanyu Zhao; Xiaolin Li

    2009-01-01

    Peer-to-Peer Desktop Grid(P2PDG)has emerged as a pervasive cyber-infrastructure tackling many largescale applications with high impacts.As a burgeoning research area,P2PDG can support numerous applications,including scientific computing,file sharing,web services,and virtual organization for collaborative activities and projects.To handle trustworthiness issues of these services.trust and reputation schemes are proposed to establish trust among peers in P2PDG.In this paper,we propose a robust group trust management system,called H-Trust,inspired by the H-index aggregation technique.Leveraging the robustness of the H-index algorithm under incomplete and uncertain circumstances.H-Trust offers a robust personalized reputation evaluation mechanism for both individual and group trusts with minimal communication and computation overheads.We present the H-Trust scheme in five phases,including trust recording,local trust evaluation,trust query phase,spatiai-temporal update phase,and group reputation evaluation phases.The rationale for its design,the analysis of the algorithm are further investigated.To validate the performance of H-Trust scheme.we designed the H-Trust simulator HTrust-Sim to conduct multi-agent-based simulations.Simulation results demonstrate that H-Trust is robust and can identify and isolate malicious peers in large scale systems even when a large portion of peers are malicious.

  6. Open Mobile API: Accessing the UICC on Android Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Roland, Michael; Hölzl, Michael

    2016-01-01

    This report gives an overview of secure element integration into Android devices. It focuses on the Open Mobile API as an open interface to access secure elements from Android applications. The overall architecture of the Open Mobile API is described and current Android devices are analyzed with regard to the availability of this API. Moreover, this report summarizes our efforts of reverse engineering the stock ROM of a Samsung Galaxy S3 in order to analyze the integration of the Open Mobile ...

  7. Developing a Process Model for the Forensic Extraction of Information from Desktop Search Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Pavlic

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Desktop search applications can contain cached copies of files that were deleted from the file system. Forensic investigators see this as a potential source of evidence, as documents deleted by suspects may still exist in the cache. Whilst there have been attempts at recovering data collected by desktop search applications, there is no methodology governing the process, nor discussion on the most appropriate means to do so. This article seeks to address this issue by developing a process model that can be applied when developing an information extraction application for desktop search applications, discussing preferred methods and the limitations of each. This work represents a more structured approach than other forms of current research.

  8. Effect of keyswitch design of desktop and notebook keyboards related to key stiffness and typing force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bufton, Marcia J; Marklin, Richard W; Nagurka, Mark L; Simoneau, Guy G

    2006-08-15

    This study aimed to compare and analyse rubber-dome desktop, spring-column desktop and notebook keyboards in terms of key stiffness and fingertip typing force. The spring-column keyboard resulted in the highest mean peak contact force (0.86N), followed by the rubber dome desktop (0.68N) and the notebook (0.59N). All these differences were statistically significant. Likewise, the spring-column keyboard registered the highest fingertip typing force and the notebook keyboard the lowest. A comparison of forces showed the notebook (rubber dome) keyboard had the highest fingertip-to-peak contact force ratio (overstrike force), and the spring-column generated the least excess force (as a ratio of peak contact force). The results of this study could aid in optimizing computer key design that could possibly reduce subject discomfort and fatigue. PMID:16803729

  9. Privacy Issues of the W3C Geolocation API

    CERN Document Server

    Doty, Nick; Wilde, Erik

    2010-01-01

    The W3C's Geolocation API may rapidly standardize the transmission of location information on the Web, but, in dealing with such sensitive information, it also raises serious privacy concerns. We analyze the manner and extent to which the current W3C Geolocation API provides mechanisms to support privacy. We propose a privacy framework for the consideration of location information and use it to evaluate the W3C Geolocation API, both the specification and its use in the wild, and recommend some modifications to the API as a result of our analysis.

  10. Applications and a Three-dimensional Desktop Environment for an Immersive Virtual Reality System

    CERN Document Server

    Kageyama, Akira

    2013-01-01

    We developed an application launcher called Multiverse for scientific visualizations in a CAVE-type virtual reality (VR) system. Multiverse can be regarded as a type of three-dimensional (3D) desktop environment. In Multiverse, a user in a CAVE room can browse multiple visualization applications with 3D icons and explore movies that float in the air. Touching one of the movies causes "teleportation" into the application's VR space. After analyzing the simulation data using the application, the user can jump back into Multiverse's VR desktop environment in the CAVE.

  11. Applications and a three-dimensional desktop environment for an immersive virtual reality system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We developed an application launcher called Multiverse for scientific visualizations in a CAVE-type virtual reality (VR) system. Multiverse can be regarded as a type of three-dimensional (3D) desktop environment. In Multiverse, a user in a CAVE room can browse multiple visualization applications with 3D icons and explore movies that float in the air. Touching one of the movies causes ''teleportation'' into the application's VR space. After analyzing the simulation data using the application, the user can jump back into Multiverse's VR desktop environment in the CAVE

  12. Proposal for the award of a contract for printing work and desktop publishing at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract for printing work and desktop publishing at CERN. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium DCS (CH) â?" AV + ASTORIA (AT), the lowest bidder after alignment, for printing work and desktop publishing at CERN for a total amount not exceeding 2 256 030 Swiss francs for an initial period of three years starting on 1 April 2005, not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period.

  13. What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation

    CERN Document Server

    Monperrus, Martin; Tekes, Elif; Mezini, Mira

    2012-01-01

    Application Programming Interfaces (API) are exposed to developers in order to reuse software libraries. API directives are natural-language statements in API documentation that make developers aware of constraints and guidelines related to the usage of an API. This paper presents the design and the results of an empirical study on the directives of API documentation of object-oriented libraries. Its main contribution is to propose and extensively discuss a taxonomy of 23 kinds of API directives.

  14. STABILITY TESTING OF ACTIVE PHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENT [API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agarwal Vipul

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Stability plays an important role in drug development process. It explains several factors that affect the quality of a drug substance or drug products varies with time under the influence of environmental factors such as temperature, humidity and light. Stability studies play a vital role to decide the re-test period and shelf life for the drug substance and recommended storage conditions of API. ICH and EMEA guidelines define stability data package for new drug substance or drug product that is sufficient for a registration application within the three regions of the EC, Japan and United States.

  15. API REST con MEAN para contenidos multimedia

    OpenAIRE

    López Jurado, Francisco Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Memoria de Proyecto Fin de Grado API REST con MEAN para Contenidos Multimedia. En ella se especifica todo el proceso de elaboración del proyecto, desde la confección de la idea, pasando por el análisis y la definición de requisitos de elaboración, hasta la entrega definitiva del producto final. El proyecto consta de dos bloques claramente diferenciados: Una documentación extensa de la línea de trabajo, con apoyo de diagramas, imágenes, descripciones y metodologías. Implementación de la líne...

  16. Rare royal families in honeybees, Apis mellifera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moritz, Robin F. A.; Lattorff, H. Michael G.; Neumann, Peter; Kraus, F. Bernhard; Radloff, Sarah E.; Hepburn, H. Randall

    2005-10-01

    The queen is the dominant female in the honeybee colony, Apis mellifera, and controls reproduction. Queen larvae are selected by the workers and are fed a special diet (royal jelly), which determines caste. Because queens mate with many males a large number of subfamilies coexist in the colony. As a consequence, there is a considerable potential for conflict among the subfamilies over queen rearing. Here we show that honeybee queens are not reared at random but are preferentially reared from rare “royal” subfamilies, which have extremely low frequencies in the colony's worker force but a high frequency in the queens reared.

  17. Mobile Routing Services for Small Towns using CloudMade API and OpenStreetMap

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng, Jianghua; Chen, Xiaoyu; Ciepłuch, Błażej; Winstanley, Adam; MOONEY Peter; Jacob, Ricky

    2010-01-01

    This research presents a practical solution for mobile routing services for small towns using open sources. Free mapping application program interfaces (API) provided by web map services, including routing services, are available to create customised map based web services combining their cartographic base data with the users own data. However, most applications focus on big cities. Location based services in small towns are generally few as many people believe there is a little demand in suc...

  18. The Earth Observatory Natural Event Tracker (EONET): An API for Matching Natural Events to GIBS Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, K.

    2015-12-01

    Hidden within the terabytes of imagery in NASA's Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) collection are hundreds of daily natural events. Some events are newsworthy, devastating, and visibly obvious at a global scale, others are merely regional curiosities. Regardless of the scope and significance of any one event, it is likely that multiple GIBS layers can be viewed to provide a multispectral, dataset-based view of the event. To facilitate linking between the discrete event and the representative dataset imagery, NASA's Earth Observatory Group has developed a prototype application programming interface (API): the Earth Observatory Natural Event Tracker (EONET). EONET supports an API model that allows users to retrieve event-specific metadata--date/time, location, and type (wildfire, storm, etc.)--and web service layer-specific metadata which can be used to link to event-relevant dataset imagery in GIBS. GIBS' ability to ingest many near real time datasets, combined with its growing archive of past imagery, means that API users will be able to develop client applications that not only show ongoing events but can also look at imagery from before and after. In our poster, we will present the API and show examples of its use.

  19. Enabling Mobile Air Quality App Development with an AirNow API

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dye, T.; White, J. E.; Ludewig, S. A.; Dickerson, P.; Healy, A. N.; West, J. W.; Prince, L. A.

    2013-12-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) AirNow program works with over 130 participating state, local, and federal air quality agencies to obtain, quality control, and store real-time air quality observations and forecasts. From these data, the AirNow system generates thousands of maps and products each hour. Each day, information from AirNow is published online and in other media to assist the public in making health-based decisions related to air quality. However, an increasing number of people use mobile devices as their primary tool for obtaining information, and AirNow has responded to this trend by publishing an easy-to-use Web API that is useful for mobile app developers. This presentation will describe the various features of the AirNow application programming interface (API), including Representational State Transfer (REST)-type web services, file outputs, and RSS feeds. In addition, a web portal for the AirNow API will be shown, including documentation on use of the system, a query tool for configuring and running web services, and general information about the air quality data and forecasts available. Data published via the AirNow API includes corresponding Air Quality Index (AQI) levels for each pollutant. We will highlight examples of mobile apps that are using the AirNow API to provide location-based, real-time air quality information. Examples will include mobile apps developed for Minnesota ('Minnesota Air') and Washington, D.C. ('Clean Air Partners Air Quality'), and an app developed by EPA ('EPA AirNow').

  20. Experience API: Flexible, Decentralized and Activity-Centric Data Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kevan, Jonathan M.; Ryan, Paul R.

    2016-01-01

    This emerging technology report describes the Experience API (xAPI), a new e-learning specification designed to support the learning community in standardizing and collecting both formal and informal distributed learning activities. Informed by Activity Theory, a framework aligned with constructivism, data is collected in the form of activity…

  1. API and CPTDC Jointly Promote Chinese Enterprises to Go Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Chunhui

    2005-01-01

    @@ In order to push the certification forward and help more Chinese enterprises to go abroad, API (American Petroleum Institute) and CPTDC (China Petroleum Technology & Development Corporation) jointly held a meeting between March 4 and 8, 2004, to promote API certification of Chinese enterprises.

  2. Interfacing RASCAL with Java APIs. Automated mapping with Apache POI

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marmanidis, G.

    2013-01-01

    Interfacing RASCAL with Java APIs and reusing existing implementations is a required functionality in order to reduce effort and time in contrast with implementing a new one from scratch. In this study we are trying to interface RASCAL with Apache POI, a Java implemented API in order to import and a

  3. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Himalayan honey bee, Apis laboriosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chhakchhuak, Liansangmawii; De Mandal, Surajit; Gurusubramanian, Guruswami; Sudalaimuthu, Naganeeswaran; Gopalakrishnan, Chellappa; Mugasimangalam, Raja C; Senthil Kumar, Nachimuthu

    2016-09-01

    The complete mitochondrial genome of Himalayan bee Apis laboriosa, from Mizoram, India, has been sequenced using Illumina NextSeq500 platform and analysed. The mitogenome was assembled and found to be 15 266 bp in length and the gene arrangement is similar to other honey bee species. The A. laboriosa mitogenome comprises of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 tRNAs, 2 rRNAs and an A + T-rich region of 346 bp. Based on the concatenated PCGs, in the phylogenetic tree, A. laboriosa is placed as a sister group along with the cavity nesting honey bees. The present study reports the first complete mitochondrial genome sequence of A. laboriosa, which will enhance our knowledge on Apinae mitogenomes and phylogeny. PMID:26360118

  4. Students' Beliefs about Mobile Devices vs. Desktop Computers in South Korea and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Eunmo; Mayer, Richard E.

    2012-01-01

    College students in the United States and in South Korea completed a 28-item multidimensional scaling (MDS) questionnaire in which they rated the similarity of 28 pairs of multimedia learning materials on a 10-point scale (e.g., narrated animation on a mobile device Vs. movie clip on a desktop computer) and a 56-item semantic differential…

  5. Use of Signaling to Integrate Desktop Virtual Reality and Online Learning Management Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodd, Bucky J.; Antonenko, Pavlo D.

    2012-01-01

    Desktop virtual reality is an emerging educational technology that offers many potential benefits for learners in online learning contexts; however, a limited body of research is available that connects current multimedia learning techniques with these new forms of media. Because most formal online learning is delivered using learning management…

  6. The Use of the Webcam for Teaching a Foreign Language in a Desktop Videoconferencing Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Develotte, Christine; Guichon, Nicolas; Vincent, Caroline

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores how language teachers learn to teach with a synchronous multimodal setup ("Skype"), and it focuses on their use of the webcam during the pedagogical interaction. First, we analyze the ways that French graduate students learning to teach online use the multimodal resources available in a desktop videoconferencing (DVC)…

  7. Campus Computing 1991. The EDUCOM-USC Survey of Desktop Computing in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Kenneth C.; Eastman, Skip

    A national survey of desktop computing in higher education was conducted in 1991 of 2500 institutions. Data were responses from public and private research universities, public and private four-year colleges, and community colleges. Respondents (N=1099) were individuals specifically responsible for the operation and future direction of academic…

  8. Campus Computing 1993. The USC National Survey of Desktop Computing in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Kenneth C.; Eastman, Skip

    A national survey of desktop computing in higher education was conducted in spring and summer 1993 at over 2500 institutions. Data were responses from public and private research universities, public and private four-year colleges and community colleges. Respondents (N=1011) were individuals specifically responsible for the operation and future…

  9. Campus Computing 1992. The EDUCOM-USC Survey of Desktop Computing in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Kenneth C.; Eastman, Skip

    A national survey of desktop computing in higher education was conducted in 1992 of 2500 institutions. Data were responses from public and private research universities, public and private four-year colleges, and community colleges. Respondents (N=970) were individuals specifically responsible for the operation and future direction of academic…

  10. Allergens on desktop surfaces in preschools and elementary schools of urban children with asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanchongkittiphon, W; Sheehan, W J; Friedlander, J; Chapman, M D; King, E-M; Martirosyan, K; Baxi, S N; Permaul, P; Gaffin, J M; Kopel, L; Bailey, A; Fu, C; Petty, C R; Gold, D R; Phipatanakul, W

    2014-07-01

    Desktop dust has been studied as a source of food allergen, but not as a source of potential aeroallergen exposure. Thirty-six wiped samples from desktop surfaces were collected from preschools and schools. Samples were analyzed for detectable levels of common aeroallergens including Alternaria, cockroach, dog, dust mite, cat, mouse, and rat allergens by immunoassay. Mouse allergen was the most prevalent, detectable in 97.2% of samples. Cat allergen was detectable in 80.6% of samples, and dog allergen was detectable in 77.8% of samples. Other allergens were not as prevalent. Mouse was the only allergen that was highly correlated with settled floor dust collected from the same rooms (r = 0.721, P < 0.001). This is the first study to detect aeroallergens on desktop surfaces by using moist wipes. Allergens for mouse, cat, and dog were highly detectable in wipes with mouse desktop surface levels correlating with levels in vacuumed floor dust. PMID:24750034

  11. Film Pedagogy in the History Classroom: Desktop Documentary-Making Skills for History Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schul, James E.

    2014-01-01

    The emergence of digital technology provides new opportunities for teaching and learning in the history classroom. However, these new opportunities often require new skills to be learned by teachers and students alike. This article focuses on one such digitally oriented strategy, desktop documentary making, which empowers students to easily make…

  12. Generating Alternative Engineering Designs by Integrating Desktop VR with Genetic Algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandramouli, Magesh; Bertoline, Gary; Connolly, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    This study proposes an innovative solution to the problem of multiobjective engineering design optimization by integrating desktop VR with genetic computing. Although, this study considers the case of construction design as an example to illustrate the framework, this method can very much be extended to other engineering design problems as well.…

  13. Free Molecular Heat Transfer Programs for Setup and Dynamic Updating the Conductors in Thermal Desktop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malroy, Eric T.

    2007-01-01

    The programs, arrays and logic structure were developed to enable the dynamic update of conductors in thermal desktop. The MatLab program FMHTPRE.m processes the Thermal Desktop conductors and sets up the arrays. The user needs to manually copy portions of the output to different input regions in Thermal Desktop. Also, Fortran subroutines are provided that perform the actual updates to the conductors. The subroutines are setup for helium gas, but the equations can be modified for other gases. The maximum number of free molecular conductors allowed is 10,000 for a given radiation task. Additional radiation tasks for FMHT can be generated to account for more conductors. Modifications to the Fortran subroutines may be warranted, when the mode of heat transfer is in the mixed or continuum mode. The FMHT Thermal Desktop model should be activated by using the "Case Set Manager" once the model is setup. Careful setup of the model is needed to avoid excessive solve times.

  14. Hymenoptera venom review focusing on Apis mellifera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. R. de Lima

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Hymenoptera venoms are complex mixtures containing simple organic molecules, proteins, peptides, and other bioactive elements. Several of these components have been isolated and characterized, and their primary structures determined by biochemical techniques. These compounds are responsible for many toxic or allergic reactions in different organisms, such as local pain, inflammation, itching, irritation, and moderate or severe allergic reactions. The most extensively characterized Hymenoptera venoms are bee venoms, mainly from the Apis genus and also from social wasps and ant species. However, there is little information about other Hymenoptera groups. The Apis venom presents high molecular weight molecules - enzymes with a molecular weight higher than 10.0 kDa - and peptides. The best studied enzymes are phospholipase A2, responsible for cleaving the membrane phospholipids, hyaluronidase, which degrades the matrix component hyaluronic acid into non-viscous segments and acid phosphatase acting on organic phosphates. The main peptide compounds of bee venom are lytic peptide melittin, apamin (neurotoxic, and mastocyte degranulating peptide (MCD.

  15. Investigating an API for resilient exascale computing.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stearley, Jon R.; Tomkins, James; VanDyke, John P.; Ferreira, Kurt Brian; Laros, James H.,; Bridges, Patrick [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM

    2013-05-01

    Increased HPC capability comes with increased complexity, part counts, and fault occurrences. In- creasing the resilience of systems and applications to faults is a critical requirement facing the viability of exascale systems, as the overhead of traditional checkpoint/restart is projected to outweigh its bene ts due to fault rates outpacing I/O bandwidths. As faults occur and propagate throughout hardware and software layers, pervasive noti cation and handling mechanisms are necessary. This report describes an initial investigation of fault types and programming interfaces to mitigate them. Proof-of-concept APIs are presented for the frequent and important cases of memory errors and node failures, and a strategy proposed for lesystem failures. These involve changes to the operating system, runtime, I/O library, and application layers. While a single API for fault handling among hardware and OS and application system-wide remains elusive, the e ort increased our understanding of both the mountainous challenges and the promising trailheads. 3

  16. Prototype of a Desk-top WiTricity System for Powering House-hold Utility Equipments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hema Ramachandran

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic resonant coupling systems have been in vogue for some years after it was demonstrated for mid-range power transfer in 2007. This paper proposes a prototype desk-top Witricity system for powering house-hold utility equipments. The system uses the phenomena of near-field resonance coupling achieved at 400 kHz using a transmission coil wound around rim of a table and a receiver coil wound around the base of a white-LED lit table lamp. The parasitic capacitance of coils are calculated and augmented with external capacitance to achieve resonance. Distance does not come into play in this system while the system is of great practical use for household utility equipments such as table lamps mobile phones etc.

  17. Coming 5th Edition of the API Standard 618: major changes compared to the API 618, 4th edition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pyle, A.; Eijk, A.; Elferink, H.

    2003-01-01

    This paper will present the highlights of changes that will be found in the 5th Edition of API 618, which is expected to be published in late 2003 or early 2004. Approximately every 5 years the API Standards are revised in such a way that the latest field experiences and proven designs are included

  18. Characterization of emissions from a desktop 3D printer and indoor air measurements in office settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinle, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    Emissions from a desktop 3D printer based on fused deposition modeling (FDM) technology were measured in a test chamber and indoor air was monitored in office settings. Ultrafine aerosol (UFA) emissions were higher while printing a standard object with polylactic acid (PLA) than with acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) polymer (2.1 × 10(9) vs. 2.4 × 10(8) particles/min). Prolonged use of the printer led to higher emission rates (factor 2 with PLA and 4 with ABS, measured after seven months of occasional use). UFA consisted mainly of volatile droplets, and some small (100-300 nm diameter) iron containing and soot-like particles were found. Emissions of inhalable and respirable dust were below the limit of detection (LOD) when measured gravimetrically, and only slightly higher than background when measured with an aerosol spectrometer. Emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC) were in the range of 10 µg/min. Styrene accounted for more than 50% of total VOC emitted when printing with ABS; for PLA, methyl methacrylate (MMA, 37% of TVOC) was detected as the predominant compound. Two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), fluoranthene and pyrene, were observed in very low amounts. All other analyzed PAH, as well as inorganic gases and metal emissions except iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn), were below the LOD or did not differ from background without printing. A single 3D print (165 min) in a large, well-ventilated office did not significantly increase the UFA and VOC concentrations, whereas these were readily detectable in a small, unventilated room, with UFA concentrations increasing by 2,000 particles/cm(3) and MMA reaching a peak of 21 µg/m(3) and still being detectable in the room even 20 hr after printing. PMID:26550911

  19. Aggressiveness index of Apis Mellifera (Hymenoptera: Aapidae Índice de agresividad en Apis mellifera ( Hymenoptera: Aapidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sierra Omar Danilo

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available An index measuring the aggressiveness among ten colonies of Apis mellifera was elaborated based on the third generation synthetic indices by Charum et al. (1999. The index values are subject to a fixed parameter used as the beginning or standard value, and correspond to the aggressive features of some Africans colonies studied by Rothenbuler et al. (1968. In the ten colonies the index values are notably smaller than those of African colonies and are biased to the lowest values. This indicates, that neither of the colonies presents an extreme aggressive behavior and it is possible that they have not Africans genotypes. These results are an indirect proof of the index. Nevertheless, it could be improved by the introduction of other factors such as, climate and colony management.En este estudio se elaboró un índice para medir la agresividad en 10 colonias de Apis mellifera, con base en la metodología de índices sintéticos de tercera generación de Charum et al. (1999. Los valores de este índice están sujetos a un parámetro fijo que se usó como umbral o valor estándar y corresponde a las características agresivas las colonias africanas estudiadas por Rothenbuler et al. (1968. En las 10 colonias los valores del índice son menores a los presentados en las colonias africanas y están sesgados hacia los valores más bajos. Esto indica que ninguna de las colonias presenta un comportamiento agresivo extremo y que posiblemente ninguna tiene genotipos africanos. Estos resultados constituyen una prueba indirecta del carácter práctico de nuestro índice. No obstante, podría mejorarse incluyendo otros factores, como: clima y manejo de la colonia.

  20. Mandibular gland component analysis in the head extracts of Apis cerana and Apis nigrocincta

    OpenAIRE

    Keeling, Christopher; Otis, Gard; Hadisoesilo, Soesilawati.; Slessor, Keith

    2001-01-01

    Head extracts of workers and mated queens of the closely related species of Apis cerana and A. nigrocincta from Sulawesi, Indonesia were quantitatively analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for several mandibular gland components. The amounts of many compounds were significantly different between species for both queens and workers. Quantities of 10 of the 16 compounds quantified in queen bees differed significantly between the two species. Of the three known mandibular gland retin...

  1. Compositional mining of multiple object API protocols through state abstraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Ziying; Mao, Xiaoguang; Lei, Yan; Qi, Yuhua; Wang, Rui; Gu, Bin

    2013-01-01

    API protocols specify correct sequences of method invocations. Despite their usefulness, API protocols are often unavailable in practice because writing them is cumbersome and error prone. Multiple object API protocols are more expressive than single object API protocols. However, the huge number of objects of typical object-oriented programs poses a major challenge to the automatic mining of multiple object API protocols: besides maintaining scalability, it is important to capture various object interactions. Current approaches utilize various heuristics to focus on small sets of methods. In this paper, we present a general, scalable, multiple object API protocols mining approach that can capture all object interactions. Our approach uses abstract field values to label object states during the mining process. We first mine single object typestates as finite state automata whose transitions are annotated with states of interacting objects before and after the execution of the corresponding method and then construct multiple object API protocols by composing these annotated single object typestates. We implement our approach for Java and evaluate it through a series of experiments. PMID:23844378

  2. First Detection of Nosema ceranae, a Microsporidian Protozoa of European Honey­bees (Apis mellifera In Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Gerami Sadeghian

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nosemosis of European honey bee (Apis mellifera is present in bee colonies world­wide. Until recently, Nosema apis had been regarded as the causative agent of the disease, that causes heavy economic losses in apicultures. Nosema ceranae is an emerging microsporidian para­site of European honeybees, A. mellifera, but its distribution is not well known. Previously, nosemosis in honeybees in Iran was attributed exclusively to N. apis.Methods: Six Nosema positive samples (determined from light microscopy of spores of adult worker bees from one province of Iran (Savadkouh- Mazandaran, northern Iran were tested to determine Nosema species using previously- developed PCR primers of the 16 S rRNA gene. As it is difficult to distinguish N. ceranae and N. apis morphologically, a PCR assay based on 16 S ribosomal RNA has been used to differentiate N. apis and N. ceranae.Results: Only N. ceranae was found in all samples, indicating that this species present in Iran apiar­ies.Conclusion: This is the first report of N. ceranae in colonies of A. mellifera in Iran. It seems that intensive surveys are needed to determine the distribution and prevalence of N. ceranae in differ­ent regions of Iran.

  3. Correlation between National Influenza Surveillance Data and Search Queries from Mobile Devices and Desktops in South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Dong-Woo; Sohn, Chang Hwan; Kim, Sung-Hoon; Ryoo, Seung Mok; Lee, Yoon-Seon; Lee, Jae Ho; Kim, Won Young; Lim, Kyoung Soo

    2016-01-01

    Background Digital surveillance using internet search queries can improve both the sensitivity and timeliness of the detection of a health event, such as an influenza outbreak. While it has recently been estimated that the mobile search volume surpasses the desktop search volume and mobile search patterns differ from desktop search patterns, the previous digital surveillance systems did not distinguish mobile and desktop search queries. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of mobile and desktop search queries in terms of digital influenza surveillance. Methods and Results The study period was from September 6, 2010 through August 30, 2014, which consisted of four epidemiological years. Influenza-like illness (ILI) and virologic surveillance data from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were used. A total of 210 combined queries from our previous survey work were used for this study. Mobile and desktop weekly search data were extracted from Naver, which is the largest search engine in Korea. Spearman’s correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation of the mobile and desktop data with ILI and virologic data in Korea. We also performed lag correlation analysis. We observed that the influenza surveillance performance of mobile search queries matched or exceeded that of desktop search queries over time. The mean correlation coefficients of mobile search queries and the number of queries with an r-value of ≥ 0.7 equaled or became greater than those of desktop searches over the four epidemiological years. A lag correlation analysis of up to two weeks showed similar trends. Conclusion Our study shows that mobile search queries for influenza surveillance have equaled or even become greater than desktop search queries over time. In the future development of influenza surveillance using search queries, the recognition of changing trend of mobile search data could be necessary. PMID:27391028

  4. Privacy Issues of the W3C Geolocation API

    OpenAIRE

    Doty, Nick; Mulligan, Deirdre K.; Wilde, Erik

    2010-01-01

    The W3C's Geolocation API may rapidly standardize the transmission of location information on the Web, but, in dealing with such sensitive information, it also raises serious privacy concerns. We analyze the manner and extent to which the current W3C Geolocation API provides mechanisms to support privacy. We propose a privacy framework for the consideration of location information and use it to evaluate the W3C Geolocation API, both the specification and its use in the wild, and recommend s...

  5. JUPITER: Joint Universal Parameter IdenTification and Evaluation of Reliability - An Application Programming Interface (API) for Model Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banta, Edward R., (Edited By); Poeter, Eileen P.; Doherty, John E.; Hill, Mary C.

    2006-01-01

    model predictions. * Use calibration methods to modify parameter values and other aspects of the model. * Compare predictions to regulatory limits. * Quantify the uncertainty of predictions based on the results of one or many simulations using inferential or Monte Carlo methods. * Determine how to manage the system to achieve stated objectives. The capabilities provided by the JUPITER API include, for example, communication with process models, parallel computations, compressed storage of matrices, and flexible input capabilities. The input capabilities use input blocks suitable for lists or arrays of data. The input blocks needed for one application can be included within one data file or distributed among many files. Data exchange between different JUPITER API applications or between applications and other programs is supported by data-exchange files. The JUPITER API has already been used to construct a number of applications. Three simple example applications are presented in this report. More complicated applications include the universal inverse code UCODE_2005 (Poeter et al., 2005), the multi-model analysis MMA (Eileen P. Poeter, Mary C. Hill, E.R. Banta, S.W. Mehl, and Steen Christensen, written commun., 2006), and a code named OPR_PPR (Matthew J. Tonkin, Claire R. Tiedeman, Mary C. Hill, and D. Matthew Ely, written communication, 2006). This report describes a set of underlying organizational concepts and complete specifics about the JUPITER API. While understanding the organizational concept presented is useful to understanding the modules, other organizational concepts can be used in applications constructed using the JUPITER API.

  6. Physicochemical composition of Apis mellifera honey samples from São Paulo State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Carlos Marchini; Augusta Carolina de Camargo Carmello Moreti; Ivani Pozar Otsuk; Geni da Silva Sodré

    2007-01-01

    This research, developed with Apis mellifera honey samples from producers of São Paulo State, Brazil, has the objective of verifying how eucalyptus, wild flower, and orange honey samples would be clustered, based on physicochemical characteristics. All the orange honey samples and some wild flower ones formed distinct groups, thus confirming that the floral source interferes with honey characteristics. Eucalyptus and some of the wild flower honey samples were clustered together because of the...

  7. Residual solvent determination by head space gas chromatography with flame ionization detector in omeprazole API

    OpenAIRE

    Saurabh Pandey; Preeti Pandey; Raj Kumar; Narendra Pal Singh

    2011-01-01

    Residual solvents in pharmaceutical samples are monitored using gas chromatography with head space. Based on good manufacturing practices, measuring residual solvents is mandatory for the release testing of all active pharmaceutical ingredients (API). The analysis of residual organic solvents (methanol, acetone, cyclohexane, dichloromethane, toluene) in Omeprazole, an active pharmaceutical ingredient was investigated. Omeprazole is a potent reversible inhibitor of the gastric proton pump H+/K...

  8. Early Years of Serikat Buruh Kereta Api (Railway Workers Union, SBKA): Formation and Orientation

    OpenAIRE

    SURYOMENGGOLO, Jafar

    2008-01-01

    This essay describes the formation of Serikat Buruh Kereta Api (Railway Workers Union, SBKA) and its early orientation during the Indonesian revolution period of 1945-1950. SBKA originated from workers committees formed by groups of labour with nationalistic enthusiasm in order to secure the take-over process for independence. Later this committee was transformed into a union in response to government policies. Based on this description, this essay shows how the formation of unions at that pe...

  9. Viral Infection Affects Sucrose Responsiveness and Homing Ability of Forager Honey Bees, Apis mellifera L.

    OpenAIRE

    Zhiguo Li; Yanping Chen; Shaowu Zhang; Shenglu Chen; Wenfeng Li; Limin Yan; Liangen Shi; Lyman Wu; Alex Sohr; Songkun Su

    2013-01-01

    Honey bee health is mainly affected by Varroa destructor, viruses, Nosema spp., pesticide residues and poor nutrition. Interactions between these proposed factors may be responsible for the colony losses reported worldwide in recent years. In the present study, the effects of a honey bee virus, Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV), on the foraging behaviors and homing ability of European honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) were investigated based on proboscis extension response (PER) assays and ra...

  10. Application of Google Maps API service for creating web map of information retrieved from CORINE land cover databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kilibarda Milan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, Google Maps API application based on Ajax technology as standard web service; facilitate users with publication interactive web maps, thus opening new possibilities in relation to the classical analogue maps. CORINE land cover databases are recognized as the fundamental reference data sets for numerious spatial analysis. The theoretical and applicable aspects of Google Maps API cartographic service are considered on the case of creating web map of change in urban areas in Belgrade and surround from 2000. to 2006. year, obtained from CORINE databases.

  11. A Five-Year Hedonic Price Breakdown for Desktop Personal Computer Attributes in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Manoel Martins Dias Fouto

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to identify the attributes that discriminate the prices of personal desktop computers. We employ the hedonic price method in evaluating such characteristics. This approach allows market prices to be expressed as a function, a set of attributes present in the products and services offered. Prices and characteristics of up to 3,779 desktop personal computers offered in the IT pages of one of the main Brazilian newspapers were collected from January 2003 to December 2007. Several specifications for the hedonic (multivariate linear regression were tested. In this particular study, the main attributes were found to be hard drive capacity, screen technology, main board brand, random memory size, microprocessor brand, video board memory, digital video and compact disk recording devices, screen size and microprocessor speed. These results highlight the novel contribution of this study: the manner and means in which hedonic price indexes may be estimated in Brazil.

  12. Nuclear Plant Analyzer desktop workstation: An integrated interactive simulation, visualization and analysis tool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The advanced, best-estimate, reactor thermal-hydraulic codes were originally developed as mainframe computer applications because of speed, precision, memory and mass storage requirements. However, the productivity of numerical reactor safety analysts has historically been hampered by mainframe dependence due to limited mainframe CPU allocation, accessibility and availability, poor mainframe job throughput, and delays in obtaining and difficulty comprehending printed numerical results. The Nuclear Plant Analyzer (NPA) was originally developed as a mainframe computer-graphics aid for reactor safety analysts in addressing the latter consideration. Rapid advances in microcomputer technology have since enabled the installation and execution of these reactor safety codes on desktop computers thereby eliminating mainframe dependence. The need for a complementary desktop graphics display generation and presentation capability, coupled with the need for software standardization and portability, has motivated the redesign of the NPA as a UNIX/X-Windows application suitable for both mainframe and microcomputer

  13. Learning Computer Hardware by Doing: Are Tablets Better than Desktops?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raven, John; Qalawee, Mohamed; Atroshi, Hanar

    2016-01-01

    In this world of rapidly evolving technologies, educational institutions often struggle to keep up with change. Change often requires a state of readiness at both the micro and macro levels. This paper looks at a tertiary institution that undertook a significant technology change initiative by introducing tablet based components for teaching a…

  14. GTfold: Enabling parallel RNA secondary structure prediction on multi-core desktops

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Swenson, M Shel; Anderson, Joshua; Ash, Andrew; Gaurav, Prashant; Sükösd, Zsuzsanna; Bader, David A; Harvey, Stephen C; Heitsch, Christine E

    2012-01-01

    Accurate and efficient RNA secondary structure prediction remains an important open problem in computational molecular biology. Historically, advances in computing technology have enabled faster and more accurate RNA secondary structure predictions. Previous parallelized prediction programs...... achieved significant improvements in runtime, but their implementations were not portable from niche high-performance computers or easily accessible to most RNA researchers. With the increasing prevalence of multi-core desktop machines, a new parallel prediction program is needed to take full advantage of...

  15. Investigation Methodology of a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure for IoT

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Cloud computing for IoT (Internet of Things) has exhibited the greatest growth in the IT market in the recent past and this trend is expected to continue. Many companies are adopting a virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) for private cloud computing to reduce costs and enhance the efficiency of their servers. As a VDI is widely used, threats of cyber terror and invasion are also increasing. To minimize the damage, response procedure for cyber intrusion on a VDI should be systematized. Therefo...

  16. Fab the coming revolution on you desktop : from personal computers to personal fabrication

    CERN Document Server

    Gershenfeld, Neil

    2005-01-01

    What if you could someday put the manufacturing power of an automobile plant on your desktop? According to Neil Gershenfeld, the renowned MIT scientist and inventor, the next big thing is personal fabrication-the ability to design and produce your own products, in your own home, with a machine that combines consumer electronics and industrial tools. Personal fabricators are about to revolutionize the world just as personal computers did a generation ago, and Fab shows us how.

  17. In and out the frame: teacher gestures during desktop videoconferencing interactions

    OpenAIRE

    Wigham, Ciara R.; Guichon, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    This presentation will focus on the production of gestures by teacher trainees when they are interacting online with distant language learners during a desktop videoconferencing interaction. Previous research has provided a mixed picture of the use of the webcam in pedagogical situations: while it is seen as a useful medium to provide complementary information in communicative breakdown (Buckett, Stringer and Datta, 1999), the limited access to visual cues provided by the webcam is felt as li...

  18. Collaborative Tasks using Metadata Conglomerates - The Social Part of the Semantic Desktop

    OpenAIRE

    Grebner, Olaf; Ebner, Hannes

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents an application that enables loose and ad-hoc task collaboration for knowledge work and explicitly integrates task metadata into the collaboration process. With the increasing availability of semantic desktop technology, knowledge workers (KWers) can organize their personal information in a formalized way, including tasks. In an organization, KWers need to collaboratively access task-related information and to collaboratively work on it. In such a scenario, today’s availabl...

  19. The rapid reduction of gamma-ray spectra with a desk-top calculator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A programme has been written for a desk-top programmable calculator, so that gamma-ray spectra can be processed immediately after the counting of active samples. The programme has some unusual features, among them automatic boundary selection and rejection of insignificant peaks. Operation is quick and simple, and the results agree well with those obtained from an I.B.M. computer, Model 370/158

  20. Reducing the Digital Divide among Children Who Received Desktop or Hybrid Computers for the Home

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gila Cohen Zilka

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Researchers and policy makers have been exploring ways to reduce the digital divide. Parameters commonly used to examine the digital divide worldwide, as well as in this study, are: (a the digital divide in the accessibility and mobility of the ICT infrastructure and of the content infrastructure (e.g., sites used in school; and (b the digital divide in literacy skills. In the present study we examined the degree of effectiveness of receiving a desktop or hybrid computer for the home in reducing the digital divide among children of low socio-economic status aged 8-12 from various localities across Israel. The sample consisted of 1,248 respondents assessed in two measurements. As part of the mixed-method study, 128 children were also interviewed. Findings indicate that after the children received desktop or hybrid computers, changes occurred in their frequency of access, mobility, and computer literacy. Differences were found between the groups: hybrid computers reduce disparities and promote work with the computer and surfing the Internet more than do desktop computers. Narrowing the digital divide for this age group has many implications for the acquisition of skills and study habits, and consequently, for the realization of individual potential. The children spoke about self improvement as a result of exposure to the digital environment, about a sense of empowerment and of improvement in their advantage in the social fabric. Many children expressed a desire to continue their education and expand their knowledge of computer applications, the use of software, of games, and more. Therefore, if there is no computer in the home and it is necessary to decide between a desktop and a hybrid computer, a hybrid computer is preferable.

  1. The use of the webcam for teaching a foreign language in a desktop videoconferencing environment

    OpenAIRE

    Develotte, Christine; Guichon, Nicolas; Vincent, Caroline

    2010-01-01

    International audience This paper explores how language teachers learn to teach with a synchronous multimodal setup (Skype), and it focuses on their use of the webcam during the pedagogical interaction. First, we analyze the ways that French graduate students learning to teach online use the multimodal resources available in a desktop videoconferencing (DVC) environment to monitor pedagogical interactions with intermediate level learners of French in a North-American university. Then, we e...

  2. Efficient Implementation Of Branch-And-Bound Method On Desktop Grids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Tian

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC is an opensource middleware system for volunteer and desktop grid computing. In this paper we propose BNBTEST, a BOINC version of distributed branch and bound method. The crucial issues of distributed branch-and-bound method are traversing the search tree and loading balance. We developed subtaskspackaging method and three dierent subtasks' distribution strategies to solve these.

  3. Efficient Implementation Of Branch-And-Bound Method On Desktop Grids

    OpenAIRE

    Bo Tian; Mikhail Posypkin

    2014-01-01

    The Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) is an opensource middleware system for volunteer and desktop grid computing. In this paper we propose BNBTEST, a BOINC version of distributed branch and bound method. The crucial issues of distributed branch-and-bound method are traversing the search tree and loading balance. We developed subtaskspackaging method and three dierent subtasks' distribution strategies to solve these.

  4. Efficient use of Multi-core Technology in Interactive Desktop Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsson, Johan

    2015-01-01

    The emergence of multi-core processors has successfully ended the era where applications could enjoy free and regular performance improvements without source code modifications. This thesis aims to gather experiences from the work of retrofitting parallelism into a desktop application originally written for sequential execution. The main contribution is the underlying theory and the performance evaluation, experiments and tests of the parallel software regions compared to its sequential count...

  5. Social Media Integration in Video Games GameNshare: A Social Overlay for Desktop Games

    OpenAIRE

    Osório, Joana Sofia Sampaio

    2015-01-01

    The ever increasing popularity of social media makes it a promising source for the personalization of gameplay experiences. Furthermore, involving social network friends in a game can greatly enrich the satisfaction of the player and also attract potential novel players to a game. This master thesis describes a social overlay designed for desktop games, called GameNshare. It allows players to easily capture and share with multiple social networks game-related screenshots, vi...

  6. Social Media Integration in Video Games: A Social Overlay for Desktop Games

    OpenAIRE

    Osório, Joana; Pacheco, Filipe

    2015-01-01

    The ever increasing popularity of social media makes them a promising source for the personalization of gameplay experiences. Furthermore, involving social network friends in a game can greatly enrich the satisfaction of the player and also attract potential novel players to a game. This paper describes a social overlay designed for desktop games. It allows players to easily capture and share on multiple social networks screenshots, videos and even game-related stories. Unlike most social sha...

  7. Network Computer Technology. Phase I: Viability and Promise within NASA's Desktop Computing Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paluzzi, Peter; Miller, Rosalind; Kurihara, West; Eskey, Megan

    1998-01-01

    Over the past several months, major industry vendors have made a business case for the network computer as a win-win solution toward lowering total cost of ownership. This report provides results from Phase I of the Ames Research Center network computer evaluation project. It identifies factors to be considered for determining cost of ownership; further, it examines where, when, and how network computer technology might fit in NASA's desktop computing architecture.

  8. Interactive Multi-Submission Deposit Workflows for Desktop Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Tarrant, David; Carr, Les; Wade, Alex; Warner, Simeon

    2010-01-01

    Online submission and publishing is the norm for academic researchers. With the pressure on these authors to submit their work to conferences, journals and Institutional Repositories, this leads to de- mands on the author to go through multiple web based interfaces, filling in forms with the same information multiple times before they can sub- mit. At the same time, each of these services in turn will have made pol- icy decisions on what types of format they allow and what templates the conte...

  9. Investigation Methodology of a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure for IoT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doowon Jeong

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing for IoT (Internet of Things has exhibited the greatest growth in the IT market in the recent past and this trend is expected to continue. Many companies are adopting a virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI for private cloud computing to reduce costs and enhance the efficiency of their servers. As a VDI is widely used, threats of cyber terror and invasion are also increasing. To minimize the damage, response procedure for cyber intrusion on a VDI should be systematized. Therefore, we propose an investigation methodology for VDI solutions in this paper. Here we focus on a virtual desktop infrastructure and introduce various desktop virtualization solutions that are widely used, such as VMware, Citrix, and Microsoft. In addition, we verify the integrity of the data acquired in order that the result of our proposed methodology is acceptable as evidence in a court of law. During the experiment, we observed an error: one of the commonly used digital forensic tools failed to mount a dynamically allocated virtual disk properly.

  10. Realization of a Desktop Flight Simulation System for Motion-cueing Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berkay Volkaner

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Parallel robotic mechanisms are generally used in flight simulators with a motion-cueing algorithm to create an unlimited motion feeling of a simulated medium in a bounded workspace of the simulator. A major problem in flight simulators is that the simulation has an unbounded space and the manipulator has a limited one. Using a washout filter in the motion-cueing algorithm overcomes this. In this study, a low-cost six degrees of freedom (DoF desktop parallel manipulator is used to test a classical motion-cueing algorithm; the algorithm’s functionality is confirmed with a Simulink real-time environment. Translational accelerations and angular velocities of the simulated medium obtained from FlightGear flight simulation software are processed through a generated washout filter algorithm and the simulated medium’s motion information is transmitted to the desktop parallel robotic mechanism as a set point for each leg. The major issues of this paper are designing a desktop simulation system, controlling the parallel manipulator, communicating between the flight simulation and the platform, designing a motion-cueing algorithm and determining the parameters of the washout filters.

  11. omniClassifier: a Desktop Grid Computing System for Big Data Prediction Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phan, John H.; Kothari, Sonal; Wang, May D.

    2016-01-01

    Robust prediction models are important for numerous science, engineering, and biomedical applications. However, best-practice procedures for optimizing prediction models can be computationally complex, especially when choosing models from among hundreds or thousands of parameter choices. Computational complexity has further increased with the growth of data in these fields, concurrent with the era of “Big Data”. Grid computing is a potential solution to the computational challenges of Big Data. Desktop grid computing, which uses idle CPU cycles of commodity desktop machines, coupled with commercial cloud computing resources can enable research labs to gain easier and more cost effective access to vast computing resources. We have developed omniClassifier, a multi-purpose prediction modeling application that provides researchers with a tool for conducting machine learning research within the guidelines of recommended best-practices. omniClassifier is implemented as a desktop grid computing system using the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) middleware. In addition to describing implementation details, we use various gene expression datasets to demonstrate the potential scalability of omniClassifier for efficient and robust Big Data prediction modeling. A prototype of omniClassifier can be accessed at http://omniclassifier.bme.gatech.edu/.

  12. Identification of Yersinia spp. with the API 20E system.

    OpenAIRE

    Archer, J R; Schell, R F; Pennell, D R; Wick, P D

    1987-01-01

    The ability of the API 20E system to identify 105 clinical isolates of Yersinia spp. was compared with those of conventional biochemical tests at 28 and 37 degrees C. Elimination of the Voges-Proskauer test (recorded as a negative result) increased the percentage of correct identifications for Yersinia spp. from 66 to 93% when the API 20E strips were incubated at 28 degrees C.

  13. Pengaruh Busur Api Terhadap Kekuatan Dielektrik Gas SF6

    OpenAIRE

    Jhony

    2011-01-01

    Bahan isolasi gas yang sering digunakan adalah gas SF6. Sifat –sifat dari gas SF6 ini tidak berwarna, tidak beracun, tidak berbau. Salah satu pemanfaatan dari gas SF6 ini sebagai bahan isolasi adalah pada pemutus tenaga (circuit breaker). Jika pemutus tenaga SF6 membuka, maka pada sela kontaknya akan terjadi busur api. Busur api akan menaikkan temperatur gas SF6 sehingga ada dugaan gas SF6 mengalami perubahan struktur kimia, sehingga sifat listriknya berubah. Tugas akhir ini ak...

  14. DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION : HOW APIS DRIVE BUSINESS MODEL CHANGE AND INNOVATION

    OpenAIRE

    Hellbe, Simon; Leung, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Over the years, information technology has created opportunities to improve and extend businesses and to start conducting business in new ways. With the evolution of IT, all businesses and industries are becoming increasingly digitized. This process, or coevolution, of IT and business coming together is called digital transformation. One of the recent trends in this digital transformation is the use of application programmable interfaces (APIs). APIs are standardized digital communication int...

  15. Drone competition at drone congregation areas in four Apis species

    OpenAIRE

    KOENIGER, Nikolaus; Koeniger, Gudrun; Gries, Michael; TINGEK, Salim

    2005-01-01

    International audience In Apis mellifera the estimated average number of drones visiting a drone congregation area (DCA) was 11 750 + 2 145. Drones of the species Apis cerana, A. koschevnikovi, A. dorsata and A. mellifera, which pursued a queen dummy moving in circular course, flew in a comet shaped formation. Median numbers of drones in a comet ranged from 9 drones (A. koschevnikovi) to 31 drones (A. mellifera). In none of the species we observed aggression between drones. Drone density b...

  16. Multivariate Morphometric Study on Apis florea Distributed in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Özkan, Ayça; Gharleko, Mohammed M.; ÖZDEN, Berna; KANDEMİR, İrfan

    2009-01-01

    Multivariate Morphometric and Spatial Autocorrelation Analyses were performed to determine the morphometric variation in Apis florea colonies representing 13 localities from 4 states on the coastal north-south diagonal in Iran. New morphometric characters (hind wing length, hind wing width, and hind wing angles) were also measured to determine the usefulness of these characters for Apis florea. Analysis of variance of new morphometric characters showed that 7 out of the 8 hind wing variables ...

  17. Outline of the Desktop Severe Accident Graphic Simulator Module for OPR-1000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper introduce the desktop severe accident graphic simulator module (VMAAP) which is a window-based severe accident simulator using MAAP as its engine. The VMAAP is one of the submodules in SAMEX system (Severe Accident Management Support Expert System) which is a decision support system for use in a severe accident management following an incident at a nuclear power plant. The SAMEX system consists of four major modules as sub-systems: (a) Severe accident risk data base module (SARDB): stores the data of integrated severe accident analysis code results like MAAP and MELCOR for hundreds of high frequency scenarios for the reference plant; (b) Risk-informed severe accident risk data base management module (RI-SARD): provides a platform to identify the initiating event, determine plant status and equipment availability, diagnoses the status of the reactor core, reactor vessel and containment building, and predicts the plant behaviors; (c) Severe accident management simulator module (VMAAP): runs the MAAP4 code with user friendly graphic interface for input deck and output display; (d) On-line severe accident management guidance module (On-line SAMG); provides available accident management strategies with an electronic format. The role of VMAAP in SAMEX can be described as followings. SARDB contains the most of high frequency scenarios based on a level 2 probabilistic safety analysis. Therefore, there is good chance that a real accident sequence is similar to one of the data base cases. In such a case, RI-SARD can predict an accident progression by a scenario-base or symptom-base search depends on the available plant parameter information. Nevertheless, there still may be deviations or variations between the actual scenario and the data base scenario. The deviations can be decreased by using a real-time graphic accident simulator, VMAAP.. VMAAP is a MAAP4-based severe accident simulation model for OPR-1000 plant. It can simulate spectrum of physical processes

  18. Outline of the Desktop Severe Accident Graphic Simulator Module for OPR-1000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, S. Y.; Ahn, K. I. [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    This paper introduce the desktop severe accident graphic simulator module (VMAAP) which is a window-based severe accident simulator using MAAP as its engine. The VMAAP is one of the submodules in SAMEX system (Severe Accident Management Support Expert System) which is a decision support system for use in a severe accident management following an incident at a nuclear power plant. The SAMEX system consists of four major modules as sub-systems: (a) Severe accident risk data base module (SARDB): stores the data of integrated severe accident analysis code results like MAAP and MELCOR for hundreds of high frequency scenarios for the reference plant; (b) Risk-informed severe accident risk data base management module (RI-SARD): provides a platform to identify the initiating event, determine plant status and equipment availability, diagnoses the status of the reactor core, reactor vessel and containment building, and predicts the plant behaviors; (c) Severe accident management simulator module (VMAAP): runs the MAAP4 code with user friendly graphic interface for input deck and output display; (d) On-line severe accident management guidance module (On-line SAMG); provides available accident management strategies with an electronic format. The role of VMAAP in SAMEX can be described as followings. SARDB contains the most of high frequency scenarios based on a level 2 probabilistic safety analysis. Therefore, there is good chance that a real accident sequence is similar to one of the data base cases. In such a case, RI-SARD can predict an accident progression by a scenario-base or symptom-base search depends on the available plant parameter information. Nevertheless, there still may be deviations or variations between the actual scenario and the data base scenario. The deviations can be decreased by using a real-time graphic accident simulator, VMAAP.. VMAAP is a MAAP4-based severe accident simulation model for OPR-1000 plant. It can simulate spectrum of physical processes

  19. G-fire station : fire simulation from desktop to grid

    OpenAIRE

    Pina, António Manuel Silva; Marques, Ricardo; De Oliveira, Bruno,

    2009-01-01

    CROSS-Fire is a research project, funded by the Portuguese NGI and led by UMinho, and focused on topics related to decision making to control forest fires and on the porting to the grid of FireStation - a fire growth simulation application. G-FireStation exploits Grid capabilities in order to have a faster execution, to manage large data input/output files, to create a large data base of simulation results and to allow the interactive control of the simulations through a g...

  20. No effect of ambient odor on the affective appraisal of a desktop virtual environment with signs of disorder.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Toet

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Desktop virtual environments (VEs are increasingly deployed to study the effects of environmental qualities and interventions on human behavior and safety related concerns in built environments. For these applications it is essential that users appraise the affective qualities of the VE similar to those of its real world counterpart. Previous studies have shown that factors like simulated lighting, sound and dynamic elements all contribute to the affective appraisal of a desktop VE. Since ambient odor is known to affect the affective appraisal of real environments, and has been shown to increase the sense of presence in immersive VEs, it may also be an effective tool to tune the affective appraisal of desktop VEs. This study investigated if exposure to ambient odor can modulate the affective appraisal of a desktop VE with signs of public disorder. METHOD: Participants explored a desktop VE representing a suburban neighborhood with signs of public disorder (neglect, vandalism and crime, while being exposed to either room air or subliminal levels of unpleasant (tar or pleasant (cut grass ambient odor. Whenever they encountered signs of disorder they reported their safety related concerns and associated affective feelings. RESULTS: Signs of crime in the desktop VE were associated with negative affective feelings and concerns for personal safety and personal property. However, there was no significant difference between reported safety related concerns and affective connotations in the control (no-odor and in each of the two ambient odor conditions. CONCLUSION: Ambient odor did not affect safety related concerns and affective connotations associated with signs of disorder in the desktop VE. Thus, semantic congruency between ambient odor and a desktop VE may not be sufficient to influence its affective appraisal, and a more realistic simulation in which simulated objects appear to emit scents may be required to achieve this goal.

  1. GIANT API: an application programming interface for functional genomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Andrew M; Wong, Aaron K; Fisk, Ian; Troyanskaya, Olga G

    2016-07-01

    GIANT API provides biomedical researchers programmatic access to tissue-specific and global networks in humans and model organisms, and associated tools, which includes functional re-prioritization of existing genome-wide association study (GWAS) data. Using tissue-specific interaction networks, researchers are able to predict relationships between genes specific to a tissue or cell lineage, identify the changing roles of genes across tissues and uncover disease-gene associations. Additionally, GIANT API enables computational tools like NetWAS, which leverages tissue-specific networks for re-prioritization of GWAS results. The web services covered by the API include 144 tissue-specific functional gene networks in human, global functional networks for human and six common model organisms and the NetWAS method. GIANT API conforms to the REST architecture, which makes it stateless, cacheable and highly scalable. It can be used by a diverse range of clients including web browsers, command terminals, programming languages and standalone apps for data analysis and visualization. The API is freely available for use at http://giant-api.princeton.edu. PMID:27098035

  2. First detection of the larval chalkbrood disease pathogen Ascosphaera apis (Ascomycota: Eurotiomycetes: Ascosphaerales in adult bumble bees.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah A Maxfield-Taylor

    Full Text Available Fungi in the genus Ascosphaera (Ascomycota: Eurotiomycetes: Ascosphaerales cause chalkbrood disease in larvae of bees. Here, we report the first-ever detection of the fungus in adult bumble bees that were raised in captivity for studies on colony development. Wild queens of Bombus griseocollis, B. nevadensis and B. vosnesenskii were collected and maintained for establishment of nests. Queens that died during rearing or that did not lay eggs within one month of capture were dissected, and tissues were examined microscopically for the presence of pathogens. Filamentous fungi that were detected were plated on artificial media containing broad spectrum antibiotics for isolation and identification. Based on morphological characters, the fungus was identified as Ascosphaera apis (Maasen ex Claussen Olive and Spiltoir, a species that has been reported earlier only from larvae of the European honey bee, Apis mellifera, the Asian honey bee, Apis cerana, and the carpenter bee Xylocopa californica arizonensis. The identity of the fungus was confirmed using molecular markers and phylogenetic analysis. Ascosphaera apis was detected in queens of all three bumble bee species examined. Of 150 queens dissected, 12 (8% contained vegetative and reproductive stages of the fungus. Both fungal stages were also detected in two workers collected from colonies with Ascosphaera-infected B. nevadensis queens. In this study, wild bees could have been infected prior to capture for rearing, or, the A. apis infection could have originated via contaminated European honey bee pollen fed to the bumble bees in captivity. Thus, the discovery of A. apis in adult bumble bees in the current study has important implications for commercial production of bumble bee colonies and highlights potential risks to native bees via pathogen spillover from infected bees and infected pollen.

  3. Variance in spermatozoa number among Apis dorsata drones and among Apis mellifera drones

    OpenAIRE

    Koeniger, Gudrun; KOENIGER, Nikolaus; TINGEK, Salim; Phiancharoen, Mananya

    2005-01-01

    International audience Published estimates of the mean spermatozoa numbers for Apis dorsata drones vary from 1.2 × 106 and 2.4 × 106; the number of spermatozoa per individual drone vary from 0.22 × 106 to 2.65 × 106. Counts presented here revealed 1.19 × 106 + 0.25 × 106 spermatozoa in drones sampled near a colony and 1.59 × 106 + 0.18 × 106 in drones sampled at a drone congregation area (DCA) in Sabah, Borneo. The difference between the two sites is significant. Further, the degree of var...

  4. Kajian Bentuk Pengolahan dan Analisis Finansial Buah Api api (Avicennia officinalis L.) Sebagai Bahan Makanan dan Minuman di Kabupaten Deli Serdang

    OpenAIRE

    Sianturi, Gustinaria

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi bentuk pengolahan, tingkat kelayakan nilai finansial, dan strategi pengembangan usaha pengolahan buah api-api (Avicennia officinalis L.) di Dusun Paluh Merbau, Desa Tanjung Rejo, Kecamatan Percut Sei Tuan, Kabupaten Deli Serdang. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif, analisis finansial, dan analisis strategi pengembangan usaha dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produk olahan buah api-...

  5. Reproduction of Varroa destructor in sealed worker bee brood cells of Apis mellifera carnica and Apis mellifera syriaca in Jordan

    OpenAIRE

    Alattal, Yehya; Rosenkranz, Peter; Zebitz, Claus Paul Walter

    2008-01-01

    The reproduction of the honey bee mite, Varroa destructor in sealed worker bee brood cells represents an important factor for the population development of this parasite in honey bee colonies. In this study, the relative infestation levels of worker brood cells, mite fertility (mites that lay at least one egg) and reproductive rate (number of viable adult daughters per mother mite) of Varroa mite in worker brood cells of Apis m. carnica and Apis m. syriaca were compared in fall 2003 and summe...

  6. Desktop Application Program to Simulate Cargo-Air-Drop Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuthbert, Peter

    2009-01-01

    The DSS Application is a computer program comprising a Windows version of the UNIX-based Decelerator System Simulation (DSS) coupled with an Excel front end. The DSS is an executable code that simulates the dynamics of airdropped cargo from first motion in an aircraft through landing. The bare DSS is difficult to use; the front end makes it easy to use. All inputs to the DSS, control of execution of the DSS, and postprocessing and plotting of outputs are handled in the front end. The front end is graphics-intensive. The Excel software provides the graphical elements without need for additional programming. Categories of input parameters are divided into separate tabbed windows. Pop-up comments describe each parameter. An error-checking software component evaluates combinations of parameters and alerts the user if an error results. Case files can be created from inputs, making it possible to build cases from previous ones. Simulation output is plotted in 16 charts displayed on a separate worksheet, enabling plotting of multiple DSS cases with flight-test data. Variables assigned to each plot can be changed. Selected input parameters can be edited from the plot sheet for quick sensitivity studies.

  7. Honeybee (Apis mellifera ligustica) drone embryo proteomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jianke; Fang, Yu; Zhang, Lan; Begna, Desalegn

    2011-03-01

    Little attention has been paid to the drone honeybee (Apis mellifera ligustica) which is a haploid individual carrying only the set of alleles that it inherits from its mother. Molecular mechanisms underlying drone embryogenesis are poorly understood. This study evaluated protein expression profiles of drone embryogenesis at embryonic ages of 24, 48 and 72h. More than 100 reproducible proteins were analyzed by mass spectrometry on 2D electrophoresis gels. Sixty-two proteins were significantly changed at the selected three experimental age points. Expression of the metabolic energy requirement-related protein peaked at the embryonic age of 48h, whereas development and metabolizing amino acid-related proteins expressed optimally at 72h. Cytoskeleton, protein folding and antioxidant-related proteins were highly expressed at 48 and 72h. Protein networks of the identified proteins were constructed and protein expressions were validated at the transcription level. This first proteomic study of drone embryogenesis in the honeybee may provide geneticists an exact timetable and candidate protein outline for further manipulations of drone stem cells. PMID:21172355

  8. The Apis mellifera Filamentous Virus Genome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Gauthier

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A complete reference genome of the Apis mellifera Filamentous virus (AmFV was determined using Illumina Hiseq sequencing. The AmFV genome is a double stranded DNA molecule of approximately 498,500 nucleotides with a GC content of 50.8%. It encompasses 247 non-overlapping open reading frames (ORFs, equally distributed on both strands, which cover 65% of the genome. While most of the ORFs lacked threshold sequence alignments to reference protein databases, twenty-eight were found to display significant homologies with proteins present in other large double stranded DNA viruses. Remarkably, 13 ORFs had strong similarity with typical baculovirus domains such as PIFs (per os infectivity factor genes: pif-1, pif-2, pif-3 and p74 and BRO (Baculovirus Repeated Open Reading Frame. The putative AmFV DNA polymerase is of type B, but is only distantly related to those of the baculoviruses. The ORFs encoding proteins involved in nucleotide metabolism had the highest percent identity to viral proteins in GenBank. Other notable features include the presence of several collagen-like, chitin-binding, kinesin and pacifastin domains. Due to the large size of the AmFV genome and the inconsistent affiliation with other large double stranded DNA virus families infecting invertebrates, AmFV may belong to a new virus family.

  9. Magnetoreception system in honeybees (Apis mellifera.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Yuan Hsu

    Full Text Available Honeybees (Apis mellifera undergo iron biomineralization, providing the basis for magnetoreception. We showed earlier the presence of superparamagnetic magnetite in iron granules formed in honeybees, and subscribed to the notion that external magnetic fields may cause expansion or contraction of the superparamagnetic particles in an orientation-specific manner, relaying the signal via cytoskeleton (Hsu and Li 1994. In this study, we established a size-density purification procedure, with which quantitative amount of iron granules was obtained from honey bee trophocytes and characterized; the density of iron granules was determined to be 1.25 g/cm(3. While we confirmed the presence of superparamagnetic magnetite in the iron granules, we observed changes in the size of the magnetic granules in the trophycytes upon applying additional magnetic field to the cells. A concomitant release of calcium ion was observed by confocal microscope. This size fluctuation triggered the increase of intracellular Ca(+2 , which was inhibited by colchicines and latrunculin B, known to be blockers for microtubule and microfilament syntheses, respectively. The associated cytoskeleton may thus relay the magnetosignal, initiating a neural response. A model for the mechanism of magnetoreception in honeybees is proposed, which may be applicable to most, if not all, magnetotactic organisms.

  10. The biochemical properties of the Arabidopsis ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase AtAPY1 contradict a direct role in purinergic signaling.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolin Massalski

    Full Text Available The Arabidopsis E-NTPDase (ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase AtAPY1 was previously shown to be involved in growth and development, pollen germination and stress responses. It was proposed to perform these functions through regulation of extracellular ATP signals. However, a GFP-tagged version was localized exclusively in the Golgi and did not hydrolyze ATP. In this study, AtAPY1 without the bulky GFP-tag was biochemically characterized with regard to its suggested role in purinergic signaling. Both the full-length protein and a soluble form without the transmembrane domain near the N-terminus were produced in HEK293 cells. Of the twelve nucleotide substrates tested, only three--GDP, IDP and UDP--were hydrolyzed, confirming that ATP was not a substrate of AtAPY1. In addition, the effects of pH, divalent metal ions, known E-NTPDase inhibitors and calmodulin on AtAPY1 activity were analyzed. AtAPY1-GFP extracted from transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings was included in the analyses. All three AtAPY1 versions exhibited very similar biochemical properties. Activity was detectable in a broad pH range, and Ca(2+, Mg(2+ and Mn(2+ were the three most efficient cofactors. Of the inhibitors tested, vanadate was the most potent one. Surprisingly, sulfonamide-based inhibitors shown to inhibit other E-NTPDases and presumed to inhibit AtAPY1 as well were not effective. Calmodulin stimulated the activity of the GFP-tagless membranous and soluble AtAPY1 forms about five-fold, but did not alter their substrate specificities. The apparent Km values obtained with AtAPY1-GFP indicate that AtAPY1 is primarily a GDPase. A putative three-dimensional structural model of the ecto-domain is presented, explaining the potent inhibitory potential of vanadate and predicting the binding mode of GDP. The found substrate specificity classifies AtAPY1 as a nucleoside diphosphatase typical of N-terminally anchored Golgi E-NTPDases and negates a direct function in

  11. IMPACT OF NETWORK QUALITY DETERIORATION ON USER’S PERCEIVED OPERABILITY AND LIVE-MIGRATION OF VIRTUAL MACHINES IN REMOTE DESKTOP ENVIRONMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shin-ichi Kuribayashi1

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The remote desktop environment (Virtual Desktop Infrastructure is attracting interest as a way to strengthen security and support mobile access or telework. To realize the remote desktop environments, a remote desktop protocol is required to transfer information via a network about the user’s operations made on the keyboard and mouse on a terminal to the remote server. The growing popularity of remote desktop environments makes it important to determine the factors that govern the user’s perceived operability with a remote desktop protocol. It is also necessary important to find out the conditions for a wide-area live migration of virtual machines, to use resources efficiently in the remote desktop environments. This paper examines the impact of network quality deterioration (long network delay, high packet loss, small downlink bandwidth on a user’s perceived operability in remote desktop environments, assuming RDP, PCoIP and ICA as remote desktop protocol. Next, this paper studies the impact of network quality on the performance of a live-migration of virtual machines in remote desktop environments.

  12. Studies of the eddy structure in the lower ionosphere by the API technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakhmetieva, Nataliya V.; Grigoriev, Gennadii I.; Lapin, Victor G.

    2016-07-01

    We present a new application of the API technique to study of turbulent phenomena in the lower ionosphere. The main objective of these studies is experimental diagnostics of natural ordered eddy structures at the altitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, such as those that occur when internal gravity waves propagate in stratified flows in the atmospheric boundary layer. To this end, we considered the impact of eddy motions in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere on the relaxation time and the frequency of the signal scattered by periodic irregularities. Theoretical study of eddy structures base on experiments using SURA heating facility (56,14 N; 44,1 W). It is known, artificial periodic irregularities (APIs) are formed in the field of the powerful standing wave as a result of the interference of the incident wave and reflected from the ionosphere (Belikovich et al., Ionospheric Research by Means of Artificial Periodic Irregularities - 2002. Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany. Copernicus GmbH. 160 p.). The relaxation or decay of the periodic structure is specified by the ambipolar diffusion process. The atmospheric turbulence causes reduction of the amplitude and decay time of the API scattered signal in comparison with the diffusion time. We found a relation between the eddy period and the characteristic decay time of scattered signal, for which the synchronism of the waves scattered by a periodic structure is broken. Besides, it is shown, when the eddy structure moves by a horizontal wind exists at these heights, the frequency of the radio wave scattered by API structure will periodically increase and decrease compared with the frequency of the radiated diagnostic (probing) radio-wave. The work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation under grant No 14-12-00556.

  13. Manipulating API and AOD data to distinguish transportation of aerosol at high altitude in Penang, Malaysia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Air pollution index (API) is an index commonly used in Malaysia to determine the air quality level. It is a ground truth data measurement which is unable to unambiguously quantify air quality level at higher atmosphere. On the other hand, aerosol optical depth (AOD) from AERONET data obtained using sun photometer provides reading of the air quality for a column of atmosphere from ground surface. We first determine the quantitative correlation between the API and AOD data collected in Penang, Malaysia, between January – September, 2012, using two independent methods, one based on regression analysis and the other interpolation. Our purpose is to establish a systematic numerical procedure to determine whether aerosol transported in high altitude from other location has occurred. Two independent methods for establishing the quantitative relationship between the API and AOD data were used as a way to facilitate the verification of our approach. In our method, data from southwest monsoon period (August to September) were used as ''calibration dataset'' to establish the quantitative correlation between the AOD and API data. The established calibrated coefficients is then used to predict the AOD of other months, which are then compared against the data actually measured. Discrepancy between the predicted and measured AOD data can then be interpreted as an indication of whether the atmosphere at high altitude is polluted by aerosol transported from other location. If the predicted AOD is much larger than that measured, back trajectory analysis was applied to identify the aerosol transported source. This procedure is very helpful to investigate the aerosol transportation and distribution patterns during monsoon and non monsoon periods

  14. Inhibiting DNA methylation alters olfactory extinction but not acquisition learning in Apis cerana and Apis mellifera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Zhiwen; Wang, Chao; Nieh, James C; Tan, Ken

    2016-07-01

    DNA methylation plays a key role in invertebrate acquisition and extinction memory. Honey bees have excellent olfactory learning, but the role of DNA methylation in memory formation has, to date, only been studied in Apis mellifera. We inhibited DNA methylation by inhibiting DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) with zebularine (zeb) and studied the resulting effects upon olfactory acquisition and extinction memory in two honey bee species, Apis cerana and A. mellifera. We used the proboscis extension reflex (PER) assay to measure memory. We provide the first demonstration that DNA methylation is also important in the olfactory extinction learning of A. cerana. DNMT did not reduce acquisition learning in either species. However, zeb bidirectionally and differentially altered extinction learning in both species. In particular, zeb provided 1h before acquisition learning improved extinction memory retention in A. mellifera, but reduced extinction memory retention in A. cerana. The reasons for these differences are unclear, but provide a basis for future studies to explore species-specific differences in the effects of methylation on memory formation. PMID:27262427

  15. APIS : an interactive database of HST-UV observations of the outer planets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamy, Laurent; Henry, Florence; Prangé, Renée; Le Sidaner, Pierre

    2014-05-01

    Remote UV measurement of the outer planets offer a wealth of informations on rings, moons, planetary atmospheres and magnetospheres. Auroral emissions in particular provide highly valuable constraints on the auroral processes at work and the underlying coupling between the solar wind, the magnetosphere, the ionosphere and the moons. Key observables provided by high resolution spectro-imaging include the spatial topology and the dynamics of active magnetic field lines, the radiated and the precipitated powers or the energy of precipitating particles. The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) acquired thousands of Far-UV spectra and images of the aurorae of Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus since 1993, feeding in numerous magnetospheric studies. But their use remains generally limited, owing to the difficulty to access and use raw and value-added data. APIS, the egyptian god of fertilization, is also the acronym of a new database (Auroral Planetary Imaging and Spectroscopy), aimed at facilitating the use of HST planetary auroral observations. APIS is based at the Virtual Observatory (VO) of Paris and provides a free and interactive access to a variety of high level data through a simple research interface and standard VO tools (as Aladin, Specview). We will present the capabilities of APIS and illustrate them with several examples.

  16. Characterisation of weldment hardness, impact energy and microstructure in API X65 steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The variation of microstructure and mechanical properties in various sub-zones of double submerged arc welded line pipe steel of grade API X65 was investigated. Instrumented Charpy V-notch tests and Vickers hardness experiments were conducted on the fusion zone, base metal and heat affected zone of the weld joint in 14.3 mm thick, 1219 mm outside diameter spiral pipeline. The lowest impact energy and the highest hardness level (160J and 218 HV, respectively) were recorded in the fusion zone. The low energy and high hardness characteristics of the seam weld can be attributed to its cast microstructure and the presence of grain boundary phases (such as proeutectoid ferrite), confirmed by standard metallographic observation. Despite this, service requirements set by the API 5L industry code (minimum impact energy of 73J, maximum hard spots of 350 HV) were fulfilled by the tested steel. Highlights: ► Experimental study of API X65 steel microstructure. ► Analysis of the relationship between X65 steel microstructure and hardness. ► Analysis of the relationship between X65 steel microstructure and impact energy. ► Presentation of detailed technical information on DSA welding in spiral pipes.

  17. Development, implementation, and analysis of desktop-scale model industrial equipment and a critical thinking rubric for use in chemical engineering education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golter, Paul B.

    In order to address some of the challenges facing engineering education, namely the demand that students be better prepared to practice professional as well as technical skills, we have developed an intervention consisting of equipment, assessments and a novel pedagogy. The equipment consists of desktop-scale replicas of common industrial equipment. These are implemented in the form of modular cartridges that can be interchanged in a base unit containing water, power and instrumentation. These Desktop Learning Modules (DLMs) are effective at providing a hands on experience in most classroom environments without requiring either water or power hook-ups. Furthermore, the DLMs respond quickly enough that multiple experiments by multiple groups can be run in a single one hour class. We refined an existing critical thinking rubric to be more specific to the realm of engineering problem solving. By altering our pedagogy to a project based environment using the critical thinking rubric as a primary grading tool, we are able to observe and measure the critical thinking skills of student groups. This rubric is corroborated with an industrial perspective and measures constructs that are important to the students' future careers.

  18. A quick guide to API 510 certified pressure vessel inspector syllabus example questions and worked answers

    CERN Document Server

    Matthews, Clifford

    2010-01-01

    The API Individual Certification Programs (ICPs) are well established worldwide in the oil, gas, and petroleum industries. This Quick Guide is unique in providing simple, accessible and well-structured guidance for anyone studying the API 510 Certified Pressure Vessel Inspector syllabus by summarizing and helping them through the syllabus and providing multiple example questions and worked answers.Technical standards are referenced from the API 'body of knowledge' for the examination, i.e. API 510 Pressure vessel inspection, alteration, rerating; API 572 Pressure vessel inspection; API

  19. SIP APIs for Voice and Video Communications on the Web

    CERN Document Server

    Davids, Carol; Singh, Kundan; Sinnreich, Henry; Wimmreuter, Wilhelm

    2011-01-01

    Existing standard protocols for the web and Internet telephony fail to deliver real-time interactive communication from within a web browser. In particular, the client-server web protocol over reliable TCP is not always suitable for end-to-end low latency media path needed for interactive voice and video communication. To solve this, we compare the available platform options using the existing technologies such as modifying the web programming language and protocol, using an existing web browser plugin, and a separate host resident application that the web browser can talk to. We argue that using a separate application as an adaptor is a promising short term as well as long-term strategy for voice and video communications on the web. Our project aims at developing the open technology and sample implementations for web-based real-time voice and video communication applications. We describe the architecture of our project including (1) a RESTful web communication API over HTTP inspired by SIP message flows, (2)...

  20. Analisis Kinerja Operasional Kereta Api Sriwedari Ekspress Jurusan Solo - Yogya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayu Rosida Sumantri

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Pada bulan Nopember 2012 PT. Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero DAOP 6 Yogyakarta mengoperasikan Kereta Api Sriwedari Ekspress dengan rute perjalanan Yogya – Solo, hal ini dilakukan untuk mengantisipasi lonjakan penumpang akibat pemangkasan rute perjalanan Kereta Api Prambanan Ekspress dari tiga belas kali perjalanan menjadi enam kali perjalanan. Menurut Humas PT. Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero DAOP 6 Yogyakarta, dibukanya rute baru Kereta Api Sriwedari Ekspress yang melayani delapan kali perjalanan hanya  dengan rute Yogya – Solo saja diharapkan kereta ini dapat memfasilitasi pergerakan penumpang antar dua daerah tersebut. Namun untuk mengetahui kinerja dari kereta api ini sesuai dengan Surat Keterangan Dirjen Perhubungan Darat No. 687 Tahun 2002, perlu ditinjau dari segi faktor muat, jumlah penumpang yang diangkut, waktu tunggu penumpang, ketepatan waktu kedatangan dan keberangkatan kereta dan kenyamanan penumpang. Dalam penelitian digunakan metode survey untuk mendapatkan nilai – nilai dari kinerja kereta api Sriwedari berupa survey observasi atau pengamatan lapangan.  Adapun  analisis yang digunakan untuk perhitungan waktu tempuh, waktu henti dan waktu tunda menggunakan uji hipotesis 1 sample t-test, karena uji ini paling memenuhi untuk melihat diterima atau tidaknya keterlambatan dari waktu kereta. Sedangkan untuk perhitungan load factor dan kenyamanan duduk dan berdiri berdasarkan perhitungan kapasitas dari Vukan R. Vuchic. Dari hasil analisis didapatkan waktu tempuh rata-rata untuk arah Yogyakarta selama 1 jam 14 menit dan untuk arah Solo selama 1 jam 12 menit. Waktu henti yang didapat dari seluruh jadwal perjalanan kereta arah Yogyakarta sebesar 3 menit, untuk arah Solo sebesar 5 menit. Waktu tunda dari seluruh perjalanan kereta Api Sriwedari untuk arah Yogyakarta didapat nilai waktu tunda kedatangan sebesar 22 menit dan nilai waktu tunda keberangkatan sebesar 20 menit, untuk arah Solo didapat nilai waktu tunda kedatangan sebesar 34

  1. CLOUD-BASED VS DESKTOP-BASED PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN HOTEL

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa GULMEZ; Edina AJANOVIC; Ismail KARAYUN

    2015-01-01

    Even though keeping up with the modern developments in IT sector is crucial for the success and competitiveness of a hotel, it is usually very hard for new technologies to be accepted and implemented. This is the case with the cloud technology for which the opinions between hoteliers are divided on those who think that it is just another fashion trend, unnecessary to be taken into consideration and those that believe that it helps in performing daily operations more easily, leaving space for ...

  2. Prototype Implementation of Web and Desktop Applications for ALMA Science Verification Data and the Lessons Learned

    OpenAIRE

    Eguchi, Satoshi; Kawasaki, Wataru; Shirasaki, Yuji; Komiya, Yutaka; Kosugi, George; Ohishi, Masatoshi; Mizumoto, Yoshihiko

    2012-01-01

    ALMA is estimated to generate TB scale data during only one observation; astronomers manage to identify which part of the data they are really interested in. Now we have been developing new GUI software for this purpose utilizing the VO interface: ALMA Web Quick Look System (ALMAWebQL) and ALMA Desktop Application (Vissage). The former is written in JavaScript and HTML5 generated from Java codes by Google Web Toolkit, and the latter is in pure Java. An essential point of our approach is how t...

  3. Collection and analysis of environmental radiation data using a desktop computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A portable instrumentation sytem using a Hewlett-Packard HP-9825 desktop computer for the collection and analysis of environmental radiation data is described. Procedures for the transmission of data between the HP-9825 and various nuclear counters are given together with a description of the necessary hardware and software. Complete programs for the analysis of Ge(Li) and NaI(Tl) gamma-ray spectra, high pressure ionization chamber monitor data, 86Kr monitor data and air filter sample alpha particle activity measurements are presented. Some utility programs, intended to increase system flexibility, are included

  4. Teaching Online or On-Campus? – What Students Say About Desktop Videoconferencing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Grov Nilsen

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to refine online teaching environments, we ask: What do in-service student teachers (n=32 and master’s degree students (n=24 say about desktop videoconferencing (DVC, and how has DVC influenced online teaching and learning? 56 students have completed a survey. Focus group interviews (n=11 and recordings from lessons were also part of the data collected. Our students say that they can cope with the practical and technological issues. The responses indicate there are changes according to student attendance when using DVC.

  5. Design of a full-sized NFC Desktop Keyboard for Smart Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Castrup, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    The master´s thesis project was performed in collaboration with the design and engineering company Eker Design from Fredrikstad in Norway, who is designing and developing flip cover NFC keyboards for smartphones. The new product idea is the full-sized NFC desktop keyboard for public institutions to offer to pupils, students or business people for instance. The thesis project is examining how such a product can be designed and should be designed in order to fit into its market and environment ...

  6. Non-Grey Radiation Modeling using Thermal Desktop/Sindaworks TFAWS06-1009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Kevin R.; Paine, Chris

    2006-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the non-grey radiation modeling capabilities of Cullimore and Ring's Thermal Desktop(Registered TradeMark) Version 4.8 SindaWorks software. The non-grey radiation analysis theory implemented by Sindaworks and the methodology used by the software are outlined. Representative results from a parametric trade study of a radiation shield comprised of a series of v-grooved shaped deployable panels is used to illustrate the capabilities of the SindaWorks non-grey radiation thermal analysis software using emissivities with temperature and wavelength dependency modeled via a Hagen-Rubens relationship.

  7. Desktop exposure system and dosimetry for small scale in vivo radiofrequency exposure experiments

    OpenAIRE

    Gong, Y.J.; Capstick, M.; Tillmann, T; Dasenbrock, C.; Samaras, T; Kuster, N.

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a new approach to the risk assessment of exposure from wireless network devices, including an exposure setup and dosimetric assessment for in vivo studies. A novel desktop reverberation chamber has been developed for well-controlled exposure of mice for up to 24h per day to address the biological impact of human exposure scenarios by wireless networks. The carrier frequency of 2.45GHz corresponds to one of the major bands used in data communication networks and is modulat...

  8. Collection and analysis of environmental radiation data using a desktop computer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gogolak, C V

    1982-04-01

    A portable instrumentation sytem using a Hewlett-Packard HP-9825 desktop computer for the collection and analysis of environmental radiation data is described. Procedures for the transmission of data between the HP-9825 and various nuclear counters are given together with a description of the necessary hardware and software. Complete programs for the analysis of Ge(Li) and NaI(Tl) gamma-ray spectra, high pressure ionization chamber monitor data, /sup 86/Kr monitor data and air filter sample alpha particle activity measurements are presented. Some utility programs, intended to increase system flexibility, are included.

  9. Vitellogenins are new high molecular weight components and allergens (Api m 12 and Ves v 6 of Apis mellifera and Vespula vulgaris venom.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Blank

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Anaphylaxis due to hymenoptera stings is one of the most severe clinical outcomes of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions. Although allergic reactions to hymenoptera stings are often considered as a general model for the underlying principles of allergic disease, venom immunotherapy is still hampered by severe systemic side effects and incomplete protection. The identification and detailed characterization of all allergens of hymenoptera venoms might result in an improvement in this field and promote the detailed understanding of the allergological mechanism. Our aim was the identification and detailed immunochemical and allergological characterization of the low abundant IgE-reactive 200 kDa proteins of Apis mellifera and Vespula vulgaris venom. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Tandem mass spectrometry-based sequencing of a 200 kDa venom protein yielded peptides that could be assigned to honeybee vitellogenin. The coding regions of the honeybee protein as well as of the homologue from yellow jacket venom were cloned from venom gland cDNA. The newly identified 200 kDa proteins share a sequence identity on protein level of 40% and belong to the family of vitellogenins, present in all oviparous animals, and are the first vitellogenins identified as components of venom. Both vitellogenins could be recombinantly produced as soluble proteins in insect cells and assessed for their specific IgE reactivity. The particular vitellogenins were recognized by approximately 40% of sera of venom-allergic patients even in the absence of cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants. CONCLUSION: With the vitellogenins of Apis mellifera and Vespula vulgaris venom a new homologous pair of venom allergens was identified and becomes available for future applications. Due to their allergenic properties the honeybee and the yellow jacket venom vitellogenin were designated as allergens Api m 12 and Ves v 6, respectively.

  10. The comparison of PCR technique and API-20E kit with the conventional biomedical methods for the

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soltan Dallal MM

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: Salmonella is one of the most importantagents of gastrointestinal infection and diarrhea in our country.Misdiagnosis of these bacteria leads to treatment failure. The aim of thisstudy was to make a comparison between PCR and the API-20E andconventional biochemical tests carried out for the identification ofSalmonella.Material and Methods: In this study, 470 specimens were taken fromchildren, with acute gastroenteritis, referred to teaching hospitals calledImam, Shariati and children medical centre. The specimens weretransferred to microbiology laboratory in public health school foridentification of Salmonella with PCR and API-20E methods.Results: Of 470 specimens, 65(13.8% are positive for salmonella inhospital laboratory, while 37 (7.9% for API-20E and 39 (8.3% for PCRare positive. The results of antibiotic sensitivity tests on 39 salmonellaisolated from diarrhea specimens show that 73.3% of them are resistanceto at least one of the sixteen antibiotics tested.Conclusion: Based on the the results, there is significant difference(P<0.05 between conventional method, API-20E and PCRKey words: Salmonella, conventional identification, molecularidentification

  11. Hydrogen sulfide corrosion of weld regions in API X52 steel; Corrosion por acido sulfhidrico de las regiones de soldadura en acero API X52

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arenas-Martinez, L.F [Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila, Coahuila (Mexico)]. E-mail: fernando.arenas@uadec.edu.mx; Garcia-Cerecero, G. [Corporacion Mexicana de Investigacion en Materiales S.A. de C.V., Saltillo, Coahuila (Mexico)]. E-mail: ggarcia@comimsa.com

    2012-10-15

    The corrosion behavior of gas metal arc welding (GMAW) regions has been studied using potentiodynamic polarization and polarization resistance (LPR) techniques. Experiments were conducted in hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S)-containing brine and in H{sub 2}S-free brine. Welds were made on API 5L X52 steel. Due to differences in their microstructure, chemical composition and residual stress level, weld regions exhibited different responses under H{sub 2}S corrosion. Base metal exhibited the highest corrosion rate (CR) and the most cathodic corrosion potential. [Spanish] Se estudio el comportamiento ante la corrosion de las regiones de soldadura de un cordon realizado por arco metalico con gas (GMAW) sobre un acero grado API X52 mediante las tecnicas de polarizacion potencio dinamica y resistencia a la polarizacion (LPR). Los experimentos se realizaron utilizando salmuera con 300 ppm de acido sulfhidrico (H{sub 2}S) y salmuera libre de H{sub 2}S como electrolitos. Debido a las diferencias en su microestructura, composicion quimica y el nivel de esfuerzos residuales, las regiones de soldadura mostraron diferentes respuestas a la corrosion por H{sub 2}S. El metal base exhibio la velocidad de corrosion (VC) mas alta y el potencial de corrosion mas catodico.

  12. Pro JPA 2 Mastering the Java Persistence API

    CERN Document Server

    Schincariol, Merrick

    2010-01-01

    Pro JPA 2 introduces, explains, and demonstrates how to use the new Java Persistence API (JPA). JPA provides Java developers with both the knowledge and insight needed to write Java applications that access relational databases through JPA. Authors Mike Keith and Merrick Schincariol take a hands-on approach to teaching by giving examples to illustrate each new concept of the API and showing how it is used in practice. All of the examples use a common model from an overriding sample application, giving readers a context from which to start and helping them to understand the examples within an a

  13. Design of Continuous Reactor Systems for API Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Michael Jønch

    then precipitated with hydrogen chloride to obtain the final API. The Grignard reagent was also produced in a continuous laboratory setup involving handling of solid magnesium turnings. Likewise, the alkyl halide used in the formation of the Grignard reagent was produced continuously. The three...... as the current lifecycle of the API and GMP can make a potential reactor setup non-feasible. If the pharmaceutical industry is to adapt to recent trends towards end-to-end and on-demand pharmaceutical production, access to standard reactor units for commonly-used chemical transformations and methods...

  14. ADS 2.0: new architecture, API and services

    OpenAIRE

    Chyla, Roman; Accomazzi, Alberto; Holachek, Alexandra; Grant, Carolyn S.; Elliott, Jonathan; Henneken, Edwin A.; Thompson, Donna M.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Murray, Stephen S.; Sudilovsky, Vladimir

    2015-01-01

    The ADS platform is undergoing the biggest rewrite of its 20-year history. While several components have been added to its architecture over the past couple of years, this talk will concentrate on the underpinnings of ADS's search layer and its API. To illustrate the design of the components in the new system, we will show how the new ADS user interface is built exclusively on top of the API using RESTful web services. Taking one step further, we will discuss how we plan to expose the treasur...

  15. Application of Skype API to Control Working Time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Vasilev

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to present an innovative approach to monitor and control working time. A special software program is developed by Delphi implementing Skype API functions. This article shows three different approaches to control working time using the Skype_API program. It automatically detects when an employee goes to his working place and when he leaves work. Moreover it can check periodically weather an employee is at work. The proposed ideas are written for the first time. They may be applied easily in many enterprises with very low costs.

  16. Xbee API Mode Programming and A Sound Detection Application

    OpenAIRE

    Ning, Xufei

    2015-01-01

    This project is about using Xbee API mode to transmit sound detection data in a wireless sensor network. In such a sound detection wireless sensor network, we use Raspberry Pi as a sink node, and a group of Arduino Mega 2560 as sensor nodes. The wireless communication was achieved by Xbee RF modules working in API mode. This system has a basic function run as a sound level meter. The sensor node can measure sound level in RMS (Root Mean Square) value and turn on a LED if the RMS value is over...

  17. Desktop MRI as a promising tool for mapping intra-aneurismal flow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlo, Josefina; Silletta, Emilia V; Danieli, Ernesto; Cattaneo, Giorgio; Acosta, Rodolfo H; Blümich, Bernhard; Casanova, Federico

    2015-04-01

    In this work we evaluate the performance of a 40-mm diameter bore 0.2T desktop Halbach tomograph to obtain 2D and 3D velocity maps for studying intra-aneurismal flow in the presence or absence of nitinol meshed implants with the aim of optimizing the flow diverter efficacy. Phantoms with known spatial velocity distribution were used to determine the performance of the MRI system. Maximum velocities of about 200mm/s could be measured with a precision of 1% at a spatial resolution of 0.5×0.5×1mm(3). This accuracy is suitable to evaluate in vitro intra-aneurismal flow under different conditions such as variable flow rates, different vessel-aneurysm geometry, as well as the influence of metallic flow diverters on the intra-aneurismal flow distribution. The information obtained non-invasively with desktop tomographs can be used to complement in vivo studies in order to decide the optimum flow diverter. PMID:25527392

  18. Parameter-Free Probabilistic API Mining at GitHub Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Fowkes, Jaroslav; Sutton, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Existing API mining algorithms are not yet practical to use as they require expensive parameter tuning and the returned set of API calls can be large, highly redundant and difficult to understand. In an attempt to remedy these shortcomings we present PAM (Probabilistic API Miner), a near parameter-free probabilistic algorithm for mining the most informative API call patterns. We show that PAM significantly outperforms both MAPO and UPMiner, achieving 70% test-set precision, at retrieving rele...

  19. A method for designing fiberglass sucker-rod strings with API RP 11L

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennings, J.W.; Laine, R.E. (Texas A and M University (US))

    1991-02-01

    This paper presents a method for using the API recommended practice for the design of sucker-rod pumping systems with fiberglass composite rod strings. The API method is useful for obtaining quick, approximate, preliminary design calculations. Equations for calculating all the composite material factors needed in the API calculations are given.

  20. A method for designing fiberglass sucker-rod strings with API RP 11L

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a method for using the API recommended practice for the design of sucker-rod pumping systems with fiberglass composite rod strings. The API method is useful for obtaining quick, approximate, preliminary design calculations. Equations for calculating all the composite material factors needed in the API calculations are given

  1. Transcriptome analysis of the Asian honey bee Apis cerana cerana.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zi Long Wang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Eastern hive honey bee, Apis cerana cerana is a native and widely bred honey bee species in China. Molecular biology research about this honey bee species is scarce, and genomic information for A. c. cerana is not currently available. Transcriptome and expression profiling data for this species are therefore important resources needed to better understand the biological mechanisms of A. c. cerana. In this study, we obtained the transcriptome information of A. c. cerana by RNA-sequencing and compared gene expression differences between queens and workers of A. c. cerana by digital gene expression (DGE analysis. RESULTS: Using high-throughput Illumina RNA sequencing we obtained 51,581,510 clean reads corresponding to 4.64 Gb total nucleotides from a single run. These reads were assembled into 46,999 unigenes with a mean length of 676 bp. Based on a sequence similarity search against the five public databases (NR, Swissport, GO, COG, KEGG with a cut-off E-value of 10(-5 using BLASTX, a total of 24,630 unigenes were annotated with gene descriptions, gene ontology terms, or metabolic pathways. Using these transcriptome data as references we analyzed the gene expression differences between the queens and workers of A. c. cerana using a tag-based digital gene expression method. We obtained 5.96 and 5.66 million clean tags from the queen and worker samples, respectively. A total of 414 genes were differentially expressed between them, with 189 up-regulated and 225 down-regulated in queens. CONCLUSIONS: Our transcriptome data provide a comprehensive sequence resource for future A. c. cerana study, establishing an important public information platform for functional genomic studies in A. c. cerana. Furthermore, the DGE data provide comprehensive gene expression information for the queens and workers, which will facilitate our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of the different physiological aspects of the two castes.

  2. Predict Location(s of Apis dorsata Nesting Sites Using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System in Melaleuca Foresti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Saberioon

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The Asiatic Giant honeybees (Apis dorsata are seasonally abounded throughout the upland and lowland rainforests in South East Asia. The colonies of A. dorsata are found to nest in aggregates on tall bee trees (tree emergent in the open, as well as, nesting singly in concealed locations when nesting low, especially in the submerged forest of Melaleuca cajuputi as in the vast hectare of Melaleuca forest along the coastal areas of Terengganu. The trunk and branches of the Melaleuca trees are almost upright and the bark are papery and loose that it is unsuitable to serve as nesting support for A. dorsata. Therefore, other trees with sloping branches in the vicinity of the Melaleuca forest are chosen as nesting supports for the A. dorsata colonies. Melaleuca cajuputi and Acacia auriculiformis trees are major sources of nectar and pollen for A. dorsata. Approach: A pilot study were conducted to determine the vegetation distribution area of Melaleuca cajuputi and Acacia auriculiformis, colony distribution and density Apis dorsata colonies using the remote-sensing and field survey by GPS hand held in the submerged Melaleuca forest around the village of Gong Beris, Marang district, Terengganu (Upper left 5°219.223N, 103°104.092E and lower down 4°5342.31N, 103°2237.90E. Result: Based on the map and field survey, it is clear that almost all Apis dorsata nesting sites were located in the Acacia auriculiformis areas Melaleuca cajuputi is mostly using by Apis dorsata as source of nectar and pollen in Marang district, Malaysia Conclusion: The outcome on the distribution area and feral colonies nesting sites will be used to propose the locating of possible A. dorsata nesting sites and understand better nesting behavior of Apis dorsata to improvement searching ability for honey hunters in Marang district.

  3. 桌面3D打印机结构分析及机体设计研究%RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS ON THE BODY STRUCTURE DESIGN OF DESKTOP 3D PRINTER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛晰

    2015-01-01

    3D打印技术作为个性化商品定制的重要生产手段,其自身的结构和机体的设计代表着该项技术的发展程度,本文基于对开放式桌面3D打印机结构以及封闭式桌面3D打印机结构进行整体分析的前提下,对桌面3D打印机机体外观造型进行了整体的设计,并同时从桌面3D打印机的应用材料、应用软件及打印效果和未来发展趋势上进行了综述。%3D printing technology serves as an important means of production of personalized customization of goods. Its own structure and the design of engine body represent the degree of development of the technology. Based on the premise of the overal analysis of the open desktop 3D printer structure and closed desktop 3D printer structure, this paper generaly designs the body appearance of desktop 3D printer, and at the same time carries out a review from the point of the applied material, application software and the printing effect and the future development trend.

  4. Comparative Analysis of Virtual Desktops in Cloud : Performance of VMware Horizon View and OpenStack VDI

    OpenAIRE

    Malkannagari, Akash Reddy

    2015-01-01

    Context. With the evolvement of cloud computing in recent years many companies have stated providing various services using it. Desktop as a Service, DaaS is one of services in the cloud computing in which the backend of Virtual Desktop Infrastructure, VDI is hosted by a cloud service provider. Although in SaaS, Software as a Service Web applications are used, all kinds of applications can be used in DaaS. There are many companies which provide VDI for private cloud and they are VMware Horizo...

  5. Standard methods for research on Apis mellifera gut symbionts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gut microbes can play an important role in digestion, disease resistance, and the general health of animals, but little is known about the biology of gut symbionts in Apis mellifera. This paper is part of a series on honey bee research methods, providing protocols for studying gut symbionts. We desc...

  6. Sperm use economy of honeybee (Apis mellifera) queens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baer, Boris; Collins, Jason; Maalaps, Kristiina;

    2016-01-01

    the fecundity and longevity of queens and therefore colony fitness. We quantified the number of sperm that honeybee (Apis mellifera) queens use to fertilize eggs. We examined sperm use in naturally mated queens of different ages and in queens artificially inseminated with different volumes of semen. We found...

  7. PrismTech Data Distribution Service Java API Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riggs, Cortney

    2008-01-01

    My internship duties with Launch Control Systems required me to start performance testing of an Object Management Group's (OMG) Data Distribution Service (DDS) specification implementation by PrismTech Limited through the Java programming language application programming interface (API). DDS is a networking middleware for Real-Time Data Distribution. The performance testing involves latency, redundant publishers, extended duration, redundant failover, and read performance. Time constraints allowed only for a data throughput test. I have designed the testing applications to perform all performance tests when time is allowed. Performance evaluation data such as megabits per second and central processing unit (CPU) time consumption were not easily attainable through the Java programming language; they required new methods and classes created in the test applications. Evaluation of this product showed the rate that data can be sent across the network. Performance rates are better on Linux platforms than AIX and Sun platforms. Compared to previous C++ programming language API, the performance evaluation also shows the language differences for the implementation. The Java API of the DDS has a lower throughput performance than the C++ API.

  8. The Automatic Start Method of Application Program Using API

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This paper introduces on a method about the au-tomactic start of application program. Through defining Registryby API function, the automatic start of specified application pro-gram is fulfilled when Windows98 is taking action. It gives facil-ities to many computer application works.

  9. Physicochemical composition of Apis mellifera honey samples from São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Carlos Marchini

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This research, developed with Apis mellifera honey samples from producers of São Paulo State, Brazil, has the objective of verifying how eucalyptus, wild flower, and orange honey samples would be clustered, based on physicochemical characteristics. All the orange honey samples and some wild flower ones formed distinct groups, thus confirming that the floral source interferes with honey characteristics. Eucalyptus and some of the wild flower honey samples were clustered together because of the great floral source variation in the latter ones. The characteristics that influence sample clustering are acidity and electric conductivity on the X axis, and total sugars and pH on the Y axis.

  10. Hydrogen Sulfide Corrosion of Weld Regions in API X52 Steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Cerecero G.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The corrosion behavior of gas metal arc welding (GMAW regions has been studied using potentiodynamic polarization and polarization resistance (LPR techniques. Experiments were conducted in hydrogen sulfide (H2S-containing brine and in H2S-free brine. Welds were made on API 5L X52 steel. Due to differences in their microstructure, chemical composition and residual stress level, weld regions exhibited different responses under H2S corrosion. Base metal exhibited the highest corrosion rate (CR and the most cathodic corrosion potential.

  11. Infra-Population and -Community Dynamics of the Parasites Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae, and Consequences for Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Hosts

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Geoffrey R; Dave Shutler; Burgher-MacLellan, Karen L.; Rogers, Richard E. L.

    2014-01-01

    Nosema spp. fungal gut parasites are among myriad possible explanations for contemporary increased mortality of western honey bees (Apis mellifera, hereafter honey bee) in many regions of the world. Invasive Nosema ceranae is particularly worrisome because some evidence suggests it has greater virulence than its congener N. apis. N. ceranae appears to have recently switched hosts from Asian honey bees (Apis cerana) and now has a nearly global distribution in honey bees, apparently displacing ...

  12. Desktop analysis of potential impacts of visitor use: a case study for the highest park in the Southern Hemisphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Agustina; Pickering, Catherine; Gudes, Ori

    2015-03-01

    Nature-based tourism and recreation activities have a range of environmental impacts, but most protected area agencies have limited capacity to assess them. To prioritise where and what impacts to monitor and manage, we conducted a desktop assessment using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) by combining recreation ecology research with data on visitor usage and key environmental features for a popular protected area used for mountaineering and trekking, Aconcagua Provincial Park (2400-6962 m a.s.l.) in the Andes of Argentina. First, we integrated visitor data from permits with environmental data using GIS. We then identified key impact indicators for different activities based on the recreation ecology literature. Finally, we integrated this data to identify likely ecological impacts based on the types of activities, amount of use and altitudinal zones. Visitors only used 2% of the Park, but use was concentrated in areas of high conservation value including in alpine meadows and glacier lakes. Impacts on water resources were likely to be concentrated in campsites from the intermediate to the nival/glacial zones of the Park while impacts on terrestrial biodiversity were likely to be more severe in the low and intermediate alpine zones (2400-3800 m a.s.l.). These results highlight how visitor data can be used to identify priority areas for on-ground assessment of impacts in key locations. Improvements to the management of visitors in this Park involves more effective ways of dealing with water extraction and human waste in high altitude campsites and the impacts of hikers and pack animals in the low and intermediate alpine zones. PMID:25500135

  13. Detection of Illicit Drugs by Trained Honeybees (Apis mellifera.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Schott

    Full Text Available Illegal drugs exacerbate global social challenges such as substance addiction, mental health issues and violent crime. Police and customs officials often rely on specially-trained sniffer dogs, which act as sensitive biological detectors to find concealed illegal drugs. However, the dog "alert" is no longer sufficient evidence to allow a search without a warrant or additional probable cause because cannabis has been legalized in two US states and is decriminalized in many others. Retraining dogs to recognize a narrower spectrum of drugs is difficult and training new dogs is time consuming, yet there are no analytical devices with the portability and sensitivity necessary to detect substance-specific chemical signatures. This means there is currently no substitute for sniffer dogs. Here we describe an insect screening procedure showing that the western honeybee (Apis mellifera can sense volatiles associated with pure samples of heroin and cocaine. We developed a portable electroantennographic device for the on-site measurement of volatile perception by these insects, and found a positive correlation between honeybee antennal responses and the concentration of specific drugs in test samples. Furthermore, we tested the ability of honeybees to learn the scent of heroin and trained them to show a reliable behavioral response in the presence of a highly-diluted scent of pure heroin. Trained honeybees could therefore be used to complement or replace the role of sniffer dogs as part of an automated drug detection system. Insects are highly sensitive to volatile compounds and provide an untapped resource for the development of biosensors. Automated conditioning as presented in this study could be developed as a platform for the practical detection of illicit drugs using insect-based sensors.

  14. Detection of Illicit Drugs by Trained Honeybees (Apis mellifera).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schott, Matthias; Klein, Birgit; Vilcinskas, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    Illegal drugs exacerbate global social challenges such as substance addiction, mental health issues and violent crime. Police and customs officials often rely on specially-trained sniffer dogs, which act as sensitive biological detectors to find concealed illegal drugs. However, the dog "alert" is no longer sufficient evidence to allow a search without a warrant or additional probable cause because cannabis has been legalized in two US states and is decriminalized in many others. Retraining dogs to recognize a narrower spectrum of drugs is difficult and training new dogs is time consuming, yet there are no analytical devices with the portability and sensitivity necessary to detect substance-specific chemical signatures. This means there is currently no substitute for sniffer dogs. Here we describe an insect screening procedure showing that the western honeybee (Apis mellifera) can sense volatiles associated with pure samples of heroin and cocaine. We developed a portable electroantennographic device for the on-site measurement of volatile perception by these insects, and found a positive correlation between honeybee antennal responses and the concentration of specific drugs in test samples. Furthermore, we tested the ability of honeybees to learn the scent of heroin and trained them to show a reliable behavioral response in the presence of a highly-diluted scent of pure heroin. Trained honeybees could therefore be used to complement or replace the role of sniffer dogs as part of an automated drug detection system. Insects are highly sensitive to volatile compounds and provide an untapped resource for the development of biosensors. Automated conditioning as presented in this study could be developed as a platform for the practical detection of illicit drugs using insect-based sensors. PMID:26083377

  15. Acaricide, fungicide and drug interactions in honey bees (Apis mellifera.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reed M Johnson

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Chemical analysis shows that honey bees (Apis mellifera and hive products contain many pesticides derived from various sources. The most abundant pesticides are acaricides applied by beekeepers to control Varroa destructor. Beekeepers also apply antimicrobial drugs to control bacterial and microsporidial diseases. Fungicides may enter the hive when applied to nearby flowering crops. Acaricides, antimicrobial drugs and fungicides are not highly toxic to bees alone, but in combination there is potential for heightened toxicity due to interactive effects. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Laboratory bioassays based on mortality rates in adult worker bees demonstrated interactive effects among acaricides, as well as between acaricides and antimicrobial drugs and between acaricides and fungicides. Toxicity of the acaricide tau-fluvalinate increased in combination with other acaricides and most other compounds tested (15 of 17 while amitraz toxicity was mostly unchanged (1 of 15. The sterol biosynthesis inhibiting (SBI fungicide prochloraz elevated the toxicity of the acaricides tau-fluvalinate, coumaphos and fenpyroximate, likely through inhibition of detoxicative cytochrome P450 monooxygenase activity. Four other SBI fungicides increased the toxicity of tau-fluvalinate in a dose-dependent manner, although possible evidence of P450 induction was observed at the lowest fungicide doses. Non-transitive interactions between some acaricides were observed. Sublethal amitraz pre-treatment increased the toxicity of the three P450-detoxified acaricides, but amitraz toxicity was not changed by sublethal treatment with the same three acaricides. A two-fold change in the toxicity of tau-fluvalinate was observed between years, suggesting a possible change in the genetic composition of the bees tested. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Interactions with acaricides in honey bees are similar to drug interactions in other animals in that P450-mediated detoxication

  16. Accessing the SEED Genome Databases via Web Services API: Tools for Programmers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vonstein Veronika

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The SEED integrates many publicly available genome sequences into a single resource. The database contains accurate and up-to-date annotations based on the subsystems concept that leverages clustering between genomes and other clues to accurately and efficiently annotate microbial genomes. The backend is used as the foundation for many genome annotation tools, such as the Rapid Annotation using Subsystems Technology (RAST server for whole genome annotation, the metagenomics RAST server for random community genome annotations, and the annotation clearinghouse for exchanging annotations from different resources. In addition to a web user interface, the SEED also provides Web services based API for programmatic access to the data in the SEED, allowing the development of third-party tools and mash-ups. Results The currently exposed Web services encompass over forty different methods for accessing data related to microbial genome annotations. The Web services provide comprehensive access to the database back end, allowing any programmer access to the most consistent and accurate genome annotations available. The Web services are deployed using a platform independent service-oriented approach that allows the user to choose the most suitable programming platform for their application. Example code demonstrate that Web services can be used to access the SEED using common bioinformatics programming languages such as Perl, Python, and Java. Conclusions We present a novel approach to access the SEED database. Using Web services, a robust API for access to genomics data is provided, without requiring large volume downloads all at once. The API ensures timely access to the most current datasets available, including the new genomes as soon as they come online.

  17. Thermoelectric cooling of microelectronic circuits and waste heat electrical power generation in a desktop personal computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermoelectric cooling and micro-power generation from waste heat within a standard desktop computer has been demonstrated. A thermoelectric test system has been designed and constructed, with typical test results presented for thermoelectric cooling and micro-power generation when the computer is executing a number of different applications. A thermoelectric module, operating as a heat pump, can lower the operating temperature of the computer's microprocessor and graphics processor to temperatures below ambient conditions. A small amount of electrical power, typically in the micro-watt or milli-watt range, can be generated by a thermoelectric module attached to the outside of the computer's standard heat sink assembly, when a secondary heat sink is attached to the other side of the thermoelectric module. Maximum electrical power can be generated by the thermoelectric module when a water cooled heat sink is used as the secondary heat sink, as this produces the greatest temperature difference between both sides of the module.

  18. Working Inside The Box: An Example Of Google Desktop Search in a Forensic Examination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy James LaTulippe

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Information and the technological advancements for which mankind develops with regards to its storage has increased tremendously over the past few decades. As the total amount of data stored rapidly increases in conjunction with the amount of widely available computer-driven devices being used, solutions are being developed to better harness this data. These types of advancements are continually assisting investigators and computer forensic examiners. One such application which houses copious amounts of fruitful data is the Google Desktop Search program. Coupled with tested and verified techniques, examiners can exploit the power of this application to cater to their investigative needs. Please find within a real world case example of these techniques and its subsequent outcome.

  19. Characterization of focused beam of desktop 10-Hz capillary-discharge 46.9-nm laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vyšin, Ludek; Burian, Tomás; Chalupský, Jaromír; Grisham, Michael; Hájková, Vera; Heinbuch, Scott; Jakubczak, Krzysztof; Martz, Dale; Mocek, Tomás; Pira, Peter; Polan, Jirí; Rocca, Jorge J.; Rus, Bedrich; Sobota, Jaroslav; Juha, Libor

    2009-05-01

    The desktop capillary-discharge Ne-like Ar laser (CDL) providing 10-μJ nanosecond pulses of coherent 46.9-nm radiation with a repetition rate up to 12 Hz was developed and built at the Colorado State University in Fort Collins and then installed in Prague. The beam of the laser was focused by a spherical mirror covered with Si/Sc multilayer coating onto the surface of poly(methyl methacrylate) - PMMA. Interaction parameters vary by changing the distance between sample surface and beam focus. The samples were exposed to various numbers of shots. Analysis of damaged PMMA by atomic force (AFM) and Nomarski (DIC - differential interference contrast) microscopes allows not only to determine the key characteristics of the focused beam (e.g. Rayleigh's parameter, focal spot diameter, tight focus position, etc.) but also to investigate mechanisms of the radiation-induced erosion processes.

  20. High-performance image reconstruction in fluorescence tomography on desktop computers and graphics hardware.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freiberger, Manuel; Egger, Herbert; Liebmann, Manfred; Scharfetter, Hermann

    2011-11-01

    Image reconstruction in fluorescence optical tomography is a three-dimensional nonlinear ill-posed problem governed by a system of partial differential equations. In this paper we demonstrate that a combination of state of the art numerical algorithms and a careful hardware optimized implementation allows to solve this large-scale inverse problem in a few seconds on standard desktop PCs with modern graphics hardware. In particular, we present methods to solve not only the forward but also the non-linear inverse problem by massively parallel programming on graphics processors. A comparison of optimized CPU and GPU implementations shows that the reconstruction can be accelerated by factors of about 15 through the use of the graphics hardware without compromising the accuracy in the reconstructed images. PMID:22076279

  1. Host Specificity in the Honeybee Parasitic Mite, Varroa spp. in Apis mellifera and Apis cerana.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis L Beaurepaire

    Full Text Available The ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor is a major global threat to the Western honeybee Apis mellifera. This mite was originally a parasite of A. cerana in Asia but managed to spill over into colonies of A. mellifera which had been introduced to this continent for honey production. To date, only two almost clonal types of V. destructor from Korea and Japan have been detected in A. mellifera colonies. However, since both A. mellifera and A. cerana colonies are kept in close proximity throughout Asia, not only new spill overs but also spill backs of highly virulent types may be possible, with unpredictable consequences for both honeybee species. We studied the dispersal and hybridisation potential of Varroa from sympatric colonies of the two hosts in Northern Vietnam and the Philippines using mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA markers. We found a very distinct mtDNA haplotype equally invading both A. mellifera and A. cerana in the Philippines. In contrast, we observed a complete reproductive isolation of various Vietnamese Varroa populations in A. mellifera and A. cerana colonies even if kept in the same apiaries. In light of this variance in host specificity, the adaptation of the mite to its hosts seems to have generated much more genetic diversity than previously recognised and the Varroa species complex may include substantial cryptic speciation.

  2. Changes in Alternative Splicing in Apis Mellifera Bees Fed Apis Cerana Royal Jelly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shi Yuan Yuan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Western honey bee (Apis mellifera is a social insect characterized by caste differentiation in which the queen bee and worker bees display marked differences in morphology, behavior, reproduction, and longevity despite their identical genomes. The main causative factor in caste differentiation is the food fed to queen larvae, termed royal jelly (RJ. Alternative splicing (AS is an important RNA-mediated post-transcriptional process in eukaryotes. Here we report AS changes in A. mellifera after being fed either A. mellifera RJ or A. cerana RJ. The results demonstrated that the RJ type affected 4 types of AS in adult A. mellifera: exon skipping, intron retention, alternative 5’ splice sites, and alternative 3’splice sites. After feeding with A. cerana RJ, AS occurred in many genes in adult A. mellifera that encode proteins involved in development, growth, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and substance metabolism. This study provides the first evidence that heterospecific RJ can influence the AS of many genes related to honey bee development and growth.

  3. Host Specificity in the Honeybee Parasitic Mite, Varroa spp. in Apis mellifera and Apis cerana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaurepaire, Alexis L; Truong, Tuan A; Fajardo, Alejandro C; Dinh, Tam Q; Cervancia, Cleofas; Moritz, Robin F A

    2015-01-01

    The ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor is a major global threat to the Western honeybee Apis mellifera. This mite was originally a parasite of A. cerana in Asia but managed to spill over into colonies of A. mellifera which had been introduced to this continent for honey production. To date, only two almost clonal types of V. destructor from Korea and Japan have been detected in A. mellifera colonies. However, since both A. mellifera and A. cerana colonies are kept in close proximity throughout Asia, not only new spill overs but also spill backs of highly virulent types may be possible, with unpredictable consequences for both honeybee species. We studied the dispersal and hybridisation potential of Varroa from sympatric colonies of the two hosts in Northern Vietnam and the Philippines using mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA markers. We found a very distinct mtDNA haplotype equally invading both A. mellifera and A. cerana in the Philippines. In contrast, we observed a complete reproductive isolation of various Vietnamese Varroa populations in A. mellifera and A. cerana colonies even if kept in the same apiaries. In light of this variance in host specificity, the adaptation of the mite to its hosts seems to have generated much more genetic diversity than previously recognised and the Varroa species complex may include substantial cryptic speciation. PMID:26248192

  4. A Collaborative Digital Pathology System for Multi-Touch Mobile and Desktop Computing Platforms

    KAUST Repository

    Jeong, W.

    2013-06-13

    Collaborative slide image viewing systems are becoming increasingly important in pathology applications such as telepathology and E-learning. Despite rapid advances in computing and imaging technology, current digital pathology systems have limited performance with respect to remote viewing of whole slide images on desktop or mobile computing devices. In this paper we present a novel digital pathology client-server system that supports collaborative viewing of multi-plane whole slide images over standard networks using multi-touch-enabled clients. Our system is built upon a standard HTTP web server and a MySQL database to allow multiple clients to exchange image and metadata concurrently. We introduce a domain-specific image-stack compression method that leverages real-time hardware decoding on mobile devices. It adaptively encodes image stacks in a decorrelated colour space to achieve extremely low bitrates (0.8 bpp) with very low loss of image quality. We evaluate the image quality of our compression method and the performance of our system for diagnosis with an in-depth user study. Collaborative slide image viewing systems are becoming increasingly important in pathology applications such as telepathology and E-learning. Despite rapid advances in computing and imaging technology, current digital pathology systems have limited performance with respect to remote viewing of whole slide images on desktop or mobile computing devices. In this paper we present a novel digital pathology client-server systems that supports collaborative viewing of multi-plane whole slide images over standard networks using multi-touch enabled clients. Our system is built upon a standard HTTP web server and a MySQL database to allow multiple clients to exchange image and metadata concurrently. © 2013 The Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Assessing soil erosion risk using RUSLE through a GIS open source desktop and web application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, L; Teodoro, A C; Gonçalves, J A; Soares, D; Cunha, M

    2016-06-01

    Soil erosion is a serious environmental problem. An estimation of the expected soil loss by water-caused erosion can be calculated considering the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE). Geographical Information Systems (GIS) provide different tools to create categorical maps of soil erosion risk which help to study the risk assessment of soil loss. The objective of this study was to develop a GIS open source application (in QGIS), using the RUSLE methodology for estimating erosion rate at the watershed scale (desktop application) and provide the same application via web access (web application). The applications developed allow one to generate all the maps necessary to evaluate the soil erosion risk. Several libraries and algorithms from SEXTANTE were used to develop these applications. These applications were tested in Montalegre municipality (Portugal). The maps involved in RUSLE method-soil erosivity factor, soil erodibility factor, topographic factor, cover management factor, and support practices-were created. The estimated mean value of the soil loss obtained was 220 ton km(-2) year(-1) ranged from 0.27 to 1283 ton km(-2) year(-1). The results indicated that most of the study area (80 %) is characterized by very low soil erosion level (<321 ton km(-2) year(-1)) and in 4 % of the studied area the soil erosion was higher than 962 ton km(-2) year(-1). It was also concluded that areas with high slope values and bare soil are related with high level of erosion and the higher the P and C values, the higher the soil erosion percentage. The RUSLE web and the desktop application are freely available. PMID:27184749

  6. [New Approach to the Mitotype Classification in Black Honeybee Apis mellifera mellifera and Iberian Honeybee Apis mellifera iberiensis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilyasov, R A; Poskryakov, A V; Petukhov, A V; Nikolenko, A G

    2016-03-01

    The black honeybee Apis mellifera mellifera L. is today the only subspecies of honeybee which is suitable for commercial breeding in the climatic conditions of Northern Europe with long cold winters. The main problem of the black honeybee in Russia and European countries is the preservation of the indigenous gene pool purity, which is lost as a result of hybridization with subspecies, A. m. caucasica, A. m. carnica, A. m. carpatica, and A. m. armeniaca, introduced from southern regions. Genetic identification of the subspecies will reduce the extent of hybridization and provide the gene pool conservation of the black honeybee. Modern classification of the honeybee mitotypes is mainly based on the combined use ofthe DraI restriction endonuclease recognition site polymorphism and sequence polymorphism of the mtDNA COI-COII region. We performed a comparative analysis of the mtDNA COI-COII region sequence polymorphism in the honeybees ofthe evolutionary lineage M from Ural and West European populations of black honeybee A. m. mellifera and Spanish bee A. m. iberiensis. A new approach to the classification of the honeybee M mitotypes was suggested. Using this approach and on the basis of the seven most informative SNPs of the mtDNA COI-COII region, eight honeybee mitotype groups were identified. In addition, it is suggested that this approach will simplify the previously proposed complicated mitotype classification and will make it possible to assess the level of the mitotype diversity and to identify the mitotypes that are the most valuable for the honeybee breeding and rearing. PMID:27281852

  7. Linux用户空间加/解密API的设计与实现%DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF LINUX USER-SPACE CRYPTOGRAPHIC API

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李石磊; 闫宏印

    2013-01-01

    Development of the unified Crypto API interface for user-space applications is one of future design goals for Linux kernel developers. In this paper, by taking IPsec VPN gateway agent system as the application model, and using Linux system call interception and loadable kernel module technique, we study the development process and designing method of the system call-based user-space cryptographic API. Meanwhile, by comparison with the Netlink-based API, it is found that this API interface is more flexibility in design and can be customised as well. Taking the application model as the background, this API interface is tested its performance of practical use. Result shows that the use of this system call-based API can improve overall system operation performance and the system stability.%开发标准的用户空间Crypto API接口是Linux内核开发者未来开发目标之一.以IPsec VPN网关代理系统为应用模型,使用动态模块加载机制和系统调用劫持技术,对基于系统调用的用户空间加/解密API的开发流程和设计方法进行研究.通过与基于Netlink用户空间加/解密API进行对比,展示了该API接口的设计灵活性和可定制性.并以应用模型为背景,对该API接口的实际使用性能进行测试.结果表明,使用该API接口,可以提高系统的整体运行效率,也可以提高系统的稳定性.

  8. The Learner Characteristics, Features of Desktop 3D Virtual Reality Environments, and College Chemistry Instruction: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merchant, Zahira; Goetz, Ernest T.; Keeney-Kennicutt, Wendy; Kwok, Oi-man; Cifuentes, Lauren; Davis, Trina J.

    2012-01-01

    We examined a model of the impact of a 3D desktop virtual reality environment on the learner characteristics (i.e. perceptual and psychological variables) that can enhance chemistry-related learning achievements in an introductory college chemistry class. The relationships between the 3D virtual reality features and the chemistry learning test as…

  9. Additive Manufacturing by selective laser melting the realizer desktop machine and its application for the dental industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebhardt, Andreas; Schmidt, Frank-Michael; Hötter, Jan-Steffen; Sokalla, Wolfgang; Sokalla, Patrick

    Additive Manufacturing of metal parts by Selective Laser Melting has become a powerful tool for the direct manufacturing of complex parts mainly for the aerospace and medical industry. With the introduction of its desktop machine, Realizer targeted the dental market. The contribution describes the special features of the machine, discusses details of the process and shows manufacturing results focused on metal dental devices.

  10. No effect of ambient odor on the affective appraisal of a desktop virtual environment with signs of disorder

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toet, A.; Schaik, M.G. van; Theunissen, N.C.M.

    2013-01-01

    Background : Desktop virtual environments (VEs) are increasingly deployed to study the effects of environmental qualities and interventions on human behavior and safety related concerns in built environments. For these applications it is essential that users appraise the affective qualities of the V

  11. Coal-seismic, desktop computer programs in BASIC; Part 7, Display and compute shear-pair seismograms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasbrouck, W.P.

    1983-01-01

    Processing of geophysical data taken with the U.S. Geological Survey's coal-seismic system is done with a desk-top, stand-alone computer. Programs for this computer are written in the extended BASIC language utilized by the Tektronix 4051 Graphic System. This report discusses and presents five computer pro grams used to display and compute shear-pair seismograms.

  12. Coal-seismic, desktop computer programs in BASIC; Part 6, Develop rms velocity functions and apply mute and normal movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasbrouck, W.P.

    1983-01-01

    Processing of data taken with the U.S. Geological Survey's coal-seismic system is done with a desktop, stand-alone computer. Programs for this computer are written in the extended BASIC language utilized by the Tektronix 4051 Graphic System. This report presents computer programs used to develop rms velocity functions and apply mute and normal moveout to a 12-trace seismogram.

  13. ARINC 653 API and its application – An insight into Avionics System Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ananda C.M.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Traditionally automated systems in aircraft were realised using well defined functions that are implemented as federated functional units. Each functional units possesses its own resources with fault containment compared to multiple functions in single processing node. Integrated architectures are structured over the avionics cabinets or processing cabinets which house the hardware modules and software application partitions along with system software. These integrated modular avionics (IMA applications supports distributed multiprocessor architecture. Both time and memory is shared among multiple avionics functionalities across the same platform with good protection mechanisms provided by ARINC 653. ARINC 653 is an additional layer of protection being embedded as part of real time operating systems supporting the partitioning protections using well defined application executive, and application programming interfaces (API. IMA uses set of partitions, which are scheduled across a major frame M consisting set of partitions Ptn and each partition having set of task/process τn/Psn. The number of partitions and number of processes in each partition is a trade-off between the real time requirements and the resource. The paper also presents in brief, the API functionalities, its components, implementation, required interfaces, restrictions based on criticality of the avionics application. Error detection, control mechanisms for data integrity and validity for reconfiguration is also addressed. The experimental and simulation studies related to the API utilization as part of case study is addressed with four partitioned case study demonstrating the normal and failure scenario.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(2, pp.223-229, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.63.4268

  14. Study of phase transformations In API 5L X80 Steel in order to increase its fracture toughness

    OpenAIRE

    Igor Rafael Vilarouco Pedrosa; Renato Soares de Castro; Yogendra Prasad Yadava; Ricardo Artur Sanguinetti Ferreira

    2013-01-01

    Phase transformations in API 5L X80 steel were studied in different thermomechanical sequences with a view to increasing the fracture toughness of this steel. Dilatometry tests performed on the quenched steel detected a phase transformation occurred, during heating, in the temperature range 593-618 K. This phase transformation was identified as the dissolution of M-A islands. Based on preliminary dilatometric tests, ten thermal and thermomechanical treatments were performed on X80 steel sampl...

  15. Effect of Heat Treatment on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of a API 5CT J55 Pipeline Steel

    OpenAIRE

    Soria-Aguilar Ma. de Jesús; Reyes-Guzmán Facundo; Carrillo-Pedroza Francisco Raúl; García-Garza Fernando; Álvarez-Jiménez Humberto; Silva-Guajardo Luis Antonio

    2015-01-01

    The effects of two different post-weld heat treatment cycles on the microstructure and mechanical properties of welded API 5CT J55 steels were investigated in the present work. Experiments were carried out based on a Taguchi experimental design. Ortogonal arrays (L9) of Taguchi and statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA) were employed to determine the impact of the heat treatment parameters on the microstructure and mechanical properties of experimental steel. From the results...

  16. Evaluation of different glycoforms of honeybee venom major allergen phospholipase A2 (Api m 1) produced in insect cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blank, Simon; Seismann, Henning; Plum, Melanie;

    2011-01-01

    were analyzed for their glycosylation and proved to show advantageous properties regarding cross-reactivity in sIgE-based assays. Additionally, in contrast to the enzymatically active native protein the inactivated allergen did not induce IgE-independent effector cell activation. Thus, insect cell......-derived recombinant Api m 1 with defined CCD phenotypes might provide further insights into hymenoptera venom IgE reactivities and contribute to an improved diagnosis of hymenoptera venom allergy....

  17. Characterization of selected Gram-negative non-fermenting bacteria isolated from honey bees (Apis mellifera carnica)

    OpenAIRE

    Loncaric, Igor; Ruppitsch, Werner; Licek, Elisabeth; Moosbeckhofer, Rudolf; Busse, Hans-Jürgen; Rosengarten, Renate

    2011-01-01

    International audience This study was conducted to improve the knowledge about bacteria associated with honey bees, Apis mellifera carnica. In this survey, the diversity of Gram-negative non-fermenting bacteria isolated and cultivated from pollen loads, honey sac, freshly stored nectar, and honey was investigated. Bacteria were characterized by a polyphasic approach. Based on morphological and physiological characteristics and comparison of isolates protein patterns after sodium dodecyl su...

  18. jmzIdentML API: A Java interface to the mzIdentML standard for peptide and protein identification data

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Vizcaíno, Juan; Ghali, Fawaz; Hermjakob, Henning; Ríos, Daniel; Jones, Andrew R.; Krishna, Ritesh; Reisinger, Florian; Antonio Vizcaíno, Juan; Ríos, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    We present a Java application programming interface (API), jmzIdentML, for the Human Proteome Organisation (HUPO) Proteomics Standards Initiative (PSI) mzIdentML standard for peptide and protein identification data. The API combines the power of Java Architecture of XML Binding (JAXB) and an XPath-based random-access indexer to allow a fast and efficient mapping of extensible markup language (XML) elements to Java objects. The internal references in the mzIdentML files are resolved in an on-d...

  19. The Firegoose: two-way integration of diverse data from different bioinformatics web resources with desktop applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmid Amy K

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Information resources on the World Wide Web play an indispensable role in modern biology. But integrating data from multiple sources is often encumbered by the need to reformat data files, convert between naming systems, or perform ongoing maintenance of local copies of public databases. Opportunities for new ways of combining and re-using data are arising as a result of the increasing use of web protocols to transmit structured data. Results The Firegoose, an extension to the Mozilla Firefox web browser, enables data transfer between web sites and desktop tools. As a component of the Gaggle integration framework, Firegoose can also exchange data with Cytoscape, the R statistical package, Multiexperiment Viewer (MeV, and several other popular desktop software tools. Firegoose adds the capability to easily use local data to query KEGG, EMBL STRING, DAVID, and other widely-used bioinformatics web sites. Query results from these web sites can be transferred to desktop tools for further analysis with a few clicks. Firegoose acquires data from the web by screen scraping, microformats, embedded XML, or web services. We define a microformat, which allows structured information compatible with the Gaggle to be embedded in HTML documents. We demonstrate the capabilities of this software by performing an analysis of the genes activated in the microbe Halobacterium salinarum NRC-1 in response to anaerobic environments. Starting with microarray data, we explore functions of differentially expressed genes by combining data from several public web resources and construct an integrated view of the cellular processes involved. Conclusion The Firegoose incorporates Mozilla Firefox into the Gaggle environment and enables interactive sharing of data between diverse web resources and desktop software tools without maintaining local copies. Additional web sites can be incorporated easily into the framework using the scripting platform of the

  20. A radio frequency signal driver for quadrupole used in desktop orthogonal-injection time-of-flight mass spectrometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to the demand of home-made spectrometer, a radio frequency (RF) signal driver was developed. This RF signal driver is composed of signal generating circuit, signal amplification circuit and power output circuit, to drive the radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ). The designed RFQ is used to transfer ions generated in atmospheric pressure ion source to a home-made desktop orthogonal-injection time-of-flight mass analyzer. This signal driver is divided into low-frequency part and high-frequency part to support RFQ transferring ions of larger values (i.e., m/z=100–600) and smaller values (i.e., m/z=20–100) respectively. The low-frequency part of the RF signal driver can provide RF signals with resonance frequency of 1.43 MHz, peak to peak voltage Vp–p of 0–1080 V, and the high-frequency part can provide RF signals with resonance frequency of 2.05 MHz, peak to peak voltage Vp–p of 0–520 V. With the radio frequency signal driver described in this paper, ions in the range m/z 20–600 can be transmitted efficiently by RFQ. -- Highlights: ► According to the demand of home-made TOF MS, a radio frequency (RF) signal driver was developed. ► First, we calculated by the theory to determine the parameters, then based on the calculations designed the RF circuit and built it, finally tested the results. ► Found in practice, the theoretical calculations of the air core coil inductances are very close to the actual results. ► The RF circuit built is cheap, compact, stable, and easy to adjust according to the different needs of the TOF MS.

  1. Application and API for Real-time Visualization of Ground-motions and Tsunami

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoi, S.; Kunugi, T.; Suzuki, W.; Kubo, T.; Nakamura, H.; Azuma, H.; Fujiwara, H.

    2015-12-01

    Due to the recent progress of seismograph and communication environment, real-time and continuous ground-motion observation becomes technically and economically feasible. K-NET and KiK-net, which are nationwide strong motion networks operated by NIED, cover all Japan by about 1750 stations in total. More than half of the stations transmit the ground-motion indexes and/or waveform data in every second. Traditionally, strong-motion data were recorded by event-triggering based instruments with non-continues telephone line which is connected only after an earthquake. Though the data from such networks mainly contribute to preparations for future earthquakes, huge amount of real-time data from dense network are expected to directly contribute to the mitigation of ongoing earthquake disasters through, e.g., automatic shutdown plants and helping decision-making for initial response. By generating the distribution map of these indexes and uploading them to the website, we implemented the real-time ground motion monitoring system, Kyoshin (strong-motion in Japanese) monitor. This web service (www.kyoshin.bosai.go.jp) started in 2008 and anyone can grasp the current ground motions of Japan. Though this service provides only ground-motion map in GIF format, to take full advantage of real-time strong-motion data to mitigate the ongoing disasters, digital data are important. We have developed a WebAPI to provide real-time data and related information such as ground motions (5 km-mesh) and arrival times estimated from EEW (earthquake early warning). All response data from this WebAPI are in JSON format and are easy to parse. We also developed Kyoshin monitor application for smartphone, 'Kmoni view' using the API. In this application, ground motions estimated from EEW are overlapped on the map with the observed one-second-interval indexes. The application can playback previous earthquakes for demonstration or disaster drill. In mobile environment, data traffic and battery are

  2. 3D visualization of the Letournel-Judet clssification of acetabular fractures based on a desktop virtual reality%基于桌面虚拟现实技术实现髋臼骨折Letournel-Judet分类的三维浏览

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏秀云; 刘蜀彬; 裴国献

    2011-01-01

    目的 介绍使用HTML和虚拟现实建模语言(VRML)建立通过Web远程访问的髋臼骨折Letournel-Judet分类三维数字化浏览. 方法 首先,根据髋臼骨折Letounel-Judet分型,将重建的1例女性志愿者髋部骨骼模型通过Mimics软件的仿真模块切割模拟每一种骨折类型,将每一种骨折类型的骨折块以虚拟现实建模语言的格式.wrl导出.其次,编辑html网页,为每个骨折块建一个主菜单,每个主菜单设立调整透明度(透明、恢复、隐藏和显示)的子菜单.最后,编辑VRML文件,基于JavaScript语言建立 HTML与 VRML的通迅,实现各种骨折类型骨折块不同透明度的任意组合显示.结果 建立了髋臼骨折Letournel-Judet三维数字化分类系统(它分为5个部分),可以方便的通过远程网络访问.结论 该方法可以方便地应用于临床,提供对髋臼骨折的诊断与分析功能,使临床医生在极短的时间内可以对各类骨折的发生状况做出正确诊断.%Objective To establish a 3D atlas of Letournel-Judet classifications of acetabular fractures which provides remote access on the web through hypertext markup language (HTML) and virtual reality modeling language (VRML) for efficient remote diagnosis. Methods Firstly,different Letournel-Judet classifications of acetabular fracture were simulated based on 3D reconstruction models of healthy volunteers via Mimics software.The files of VRML format were exported after geometry modeling.Secondly,The.wrl files were edited by adding nodes of Sensor,Route,and Script to the files to make the static scene respond to users' interaction.Finally,the homepage of 3D atlas was established with the Dreamweaver software.Results The 3D atlas of Letournel-Judet classifications of acetabular fractures was established which can be accessed online.These virtual worlds can be browsed via the Internet and hyperlinked with the World Wide Web. Conclusion The 3D atlas of Letournel-Judet classifications of

  3. Infra-population and -community dynamics of the parasites Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae, and consequences for honey bee (Apis mellifera hosts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geoffrey R Williams

    Full Text Available Nosema spp. fungal gut parasites are among myriad possible explanations for contemporary increased mortality of western honey bees (Apis mellifera, hereafter honey bee in many regions of the world. Invasive Nosema ceranae is particularly worrisome because some evidence suggests it has greater virulence than its congener N. apis. N. ceranae appears to have recently switched hosts from Asian honey bees (Apis cerana and now has a nearly global distribution in honey bees, apparently displacing N. apis. We examined parasite reproduction and effects of N. apis, N. ceranae, and mixed Nosema infections on honey bee hosts in laboratory experiments. Both infection intensity and honey bee mortality were significantly greater for N. ceranae than for N. apis or mixed infections; mixed infection resulted in mortality similar to N. apis parasitism and reduced spore intensity, possibly due to inter-specific competition. This is the first long-term laboratory study to demonstrate lethal consequences of N. apis and N. ceranae and mixed Nosema parasitism in honey bees, and suggests that differences in reproduction and intra-host competition may explain apparent heterogeneous exclusion of the historic parasite by the invasive species.

  4. The Auroral Planetary Imaging and Spectroscopy (APIS) service

    CERN Document Server

    Lamy, Laurent; Henry, Florence; Sidaner, Pierre Le

    2015-01-01

    The Auroral Planetary Imaging and Spectroscopy (APIS) service, accessible online, provides an open and interactive access to processed auroral observations of the outer planets and their satellites. Such observations are of interest for a wide community at the interface between planetology and magnetospheric and heliospheric physics. APIS consists of (i) a high level database, built from planetary auroral observations acquired by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) since 1997 with its mostly used Far-UltraViolet spectro-imagers, (ii) a dedicated search interface aimed at browsing efficiently this database through relevant conditional search criteria and (iii) the ability to interactively work with the data online through plotting tools developed by the Virtual Observatory (VO) community, such as Aladin and Specview. This service is VO compliant and can therefore also been queried by external search tools of the VO community. The diversity of available data and the capability to sort them out by relevant physical...

  5. Draft genome sequence of the Algerian bee Apis mellifera intermissa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddad, Nizar Jamal; Loucif-Ayad, Wahida; Adjlane, Noureddine; Saini, Deepti; Manchiganti, Rushiraj; Krishnamurthy, Venkatesh; AlShagoor, Banan; Batainh, Ahmed Mahmud; Mugasimangalam, Raja

    2015-06-01

    Apis mellifera intermissa is the native honeybee subspecies of Algeria. A. m. intermissa occurs in Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, between the Atlas and the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts. This bee is very important due to its high ability to adapt to great variations in climatic conditions and due to its preferable cleaning behavior. Here we report the draft genome sequence of this honey bee, its Whole Genome Shotgun project has been deposited at DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank under the accession JSUV00000000. The 240-Mb genome is being annotated and analyzed. Comparison with the genome of other Apis mellifera sub-species promises to yield insights into the evolution of adaptations to high temperature and resistance to Varroa parasite infestation. PMID:26484171

  6. Draft genome sequence of the Algerian bee Apis mellifera intermissa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nizar Jamal Haddad

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Apis mellifera intermissa is the native honeybee subspecies of Algeria. A. m. intermissa occurs in Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, between the Atlas and the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts. This bee is very important due to its high ability to adapt to great variations in climatic conditions and due to its preferable cleaning behavior. Here we report the draft genome sequence of this honey bee, its Whole Genome Shotgun project has been deposited at DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank under the accession JSUV00000000. The 240-Mb genome is being annotated and analyzed. Comparison with the genome of other Apis mellifera sub-species promises to yield insights into the evolution of adaptations to high temperature and resistance to Varroa parasite infestation.

  7. A Mathematical Model of Intra-Colony Spread of American Foulbrood in European Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jatulan, Eduardo O; Rabajante, Jomar F; Banaay, Charina Gracia B; Fajardo, Alejandro C; Jose, Editha C

    2015-01-01

    American foulbrood (AFB) is one of the severe infectious diseases of European honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) and other Apis species. This disease is caused by a gram-positive, spore-forming bacterium Paenibacillus larvae. In this paper, a compartmental (SI framework) model is constructed to represent the spread of AFB within a colony. The model is analyzed to determine the long-term fate of the colony once exposed to AFB spores. It was found out that without effective and efficient treatment, AFB infection eventually leads to colony collapse. Furthermore, infection thresholds were predicted based on the stability of the equilibrium states. The number of infected cell combs is one of the factors that drive disease spread. Our results can be used to forecast the transmission timeline of AFB infection and to evaluate the control strategies for minimizing a possible epidemic. PMID:26674357

  8. Analisis Finansial Dan Pemasaran Usaha Lebah Madu (Apis mellifera)

    OpenAIRE

    Agustini, Rini

    2012-01-01

    This research aims to determine the financial analysis and marketing margins beekeeping businesses (Apis mellifera) in the village of Samura, Subdistrict Gung Negri, District Kabanjahe, Karo. The analysis method used was descriptive analysis and financial analysis with multiple criteria: Net Present Value (NPV), Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) and Internal Rate of Returns (IRR). The results showed the beekeeping business have value NPV, BCR, and IRR indicating that the beekeeping business worth ...

  9. Genetic characterization of a polymorphic dipeptidyl aminopeptidase of Apis mellifera

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Antonio Del Lama,; Boraschi, Daniele; Ademilson Espencer Egea Soares,; Duran, Ximena

    2004-01-01

    International audience Dipeptidyl aminopeptidase (DAP) activity towards L-leucylglycine-$\\beta$-naphthylamide (Leu-Gly NA) was characterized in pupae and adult extracts of Apis mellifera. Enzyme activity was more conspicuous in pupae than in adult extracts and it seemed to be concentrated in digestive tract tissues. Two genetically determined electrophoretic variants were observed in honeybee samples from the USA and Chile; in Brazilian Africanized bees, two additional variants were observ...

  10. Using open web APIs in teaching web mining

    OpenAIRE

    Chau, M; H Chen; Li, X; Ho, YJ; Tseng, C

    2009-01-01

    With the advent of the World Wide Web, many business applications that utilize data mining and text mining techniques to extract useful business information on the Web have evolved from Web searching to Web mining. It is important for students to acquire knowledge and hands-on experience in Web mining during their education in information systems curricula. This paper reports on an experience using open Web Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) that have been made available by major Inter...

  11. Antibacterial Activity of a Cardanol from Thai Apis mellifera Propolis

    OpenAIRE

    Boonsai, Pattaraporn; Phuwapraisirisan, Preecha; Chanchao, Chanpen

    2014-01-01

    Background: Propolis is a sticky, dark brown resinous residue made by bees that is derived from plant resins. It is used to construct and repair the nest, and in addition possesses several diverse bioactivities. Here, propolis from Apis mellifera from Nan province, Thailand, was tested for antibacterial activity against Gram+ve (Staphylococcus aureus and Paenibacillus larvae) and Gram-ve (Escherichia coli) bacteria. Materials and methods: The three bacterial isolates were confirmed for specie...

  12. Phonetic Analysis and Searching with Google Glass API

    OpenAIRE

    Abbasi, Vahid

    2015-01-01

    This project utilizes speech recognition Application Program Interface (API) together with phonetic algorithms to search Stockholm's restaurant names via Google Glass with higher precision. This project considers the ability of phonetic algorithms and N-gram analyzer to retrieve the word and how it can be combined with automatic speech recognition to find the correct match. Significantly, the combination of these algorithms and the Google Glass limitation, e.g. its smallscreen, makes using a ...

  13. Thermoregulation im Brutbereich der Honigbiene Apis mellifera carnica

    OpenAIRE

    Bujok, Brigitte

    2005-01-01

    Honigbienen (Apis mellifera carnica) regulieren die Temperatur ihrer Brut in einem sehr engen Temperaturfenster, da vor allem die gedeckelte Brut sehr temperaturempfindlich reagiert (Groh et al. 2004). Die Thermoregulation ist nicht – wie lange angenommen – Beiprodukt von alltäglichen Arbeiten der Bienen im Brutbereich, sondern eine aktive und Energie- und Zeitaufwändige eigene Tätigkeit. Arbeiterinnen ziehen sich mit ihren Beinen an die Brutoberfläche, drücken ihren warmen Thorax auf die Bru...

  14. Sucrose responsiveness and behaviour in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Scheiner, Ricarda

    2001-01-01

    In dieser Arbeit wird bei der Honigbiene (Apis mellifera L.) analysiert, wie sich die individuelle Empfindlichkeit für Zuckerwasserreize auf verschiedene Formen der Verhaltensplastizität auswirkt. Die Versuche klären insbesondere die Rolle des Belohnungsreizes Zuckerwasser beim assoziativen und nicht-assoziativen Lernen auf. In den Untersuchungen werden Bienen verschiedenen Genotyps, verschiedenen Alters und mit verschiedener Sammelrolle verwendet. Die Funktion von potentiellen endogenen Modu...

  15. ADS 2.0: New Architecture, API and Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chyla, R.; Accomazzi, A.; Holachek, A.; Grant, C. S.; Elliott, J.; Henneken, E. A.; Thompson, D. M.; Kurtz, M. J.; Murray, S. S.; Sudilovsky, V.

    2015-09-01

    The ADS platform is undergoing the biggest rewrite of its 20-year history. While several components have been added to its architecture over the past couple of years, this talk will concentrate on the underpinnings of ADS's search layer and its API. To illustrate the design of the components in the new system, we will show how the new ADS user interface is built exclusively on top of the API using RESTful web services. Taking one step further, we will discuss how we plan to expose the treasure trove of information hosted by ADS (10 million records and fulltext for much of the Astronomy and Physics refereed literature) to partners interested in using this API. This will provide you (and your intelligent applications) with access to ADS's underlying data to enable the extraction of new knowledge and the ingestion of these results back into the ADS. Using this framework, researchers could run controlled experiments with content extraction, machine learning, natural language processing, etc. In this talk, we will discuss what is already implemented, what will be available soon, and where we are going next.

  16. Variation morphogeometrics of Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena A. Nunes

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The morphometrics of the honey bee Apis mellifera L., 1758 has been widely studied mainly because this species has great ecological importance, high adaptation capacity, wide distribution and capacity to effectively adapt to different regions. The current study aimed to investigate the morphometric variations of wings and pollen baskets of honey bees Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier, 1836 from the five regions in Brazil. We used geometric morphometrics to identify the existence of patterns of variations of shape and size in Africanized honey bees in Brazil 16 years after the classic study with this species, allowing a temporal and spatial comparative analysis using new technological resources to assess morphometrical data. Samples were collected in 14 locations in Brazil, covering the five geographical regions of the country. The shape analysis and multivariate analyses of the wing allowed to observe that there is a geographical pattern among the population of Apis mellifera in Brazil. The geographical variations may be attributed to the large territorial extension of the country in addition to the differences between the bioregions.

  17. NASA's Climate in a Box: Desktop Supercomputing for Open Scientific Model Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojcik, G. S.; Seablom, M. S.; Lee, T. J.; McConaughy, G. R.; Syed, R.; Oloso, A.; Kemp, E. M.; Greenseid, J.; Smith, R.

    2009-12-01

    NASA's High Performance Computing Portfolio in cooperation with its Modeling, Analysis, and Prediction program intends to make its climate and earth science models more accessible to a larger community. A key goal of this effort is to open the model development and validation process to the scientific community at large such that a natural selection process is enabled and results in a more efficient scientific process. One obstacle to others using NASA models is the complexity of the models and the difficulty in learning how to use them. This situation applies not only to scientists who regularly use these models but also non-typical users who may want to use the models such as scientists from different domains, policy makers, and teachers. Another obstacle to the use of these models is that access to high performance computing (HPC) accounts, from which the models are implemented, can be restrictive with long wait times in job queues and delays caused by an arduous process of obtaining an account, especially for foreign nationals. This project explores the utility of using desktop supercomputers in providing a complete ready-to-use toolkit of climate research products to investigators and on demand access to an HPC system. One objective of this work is to pre-package NASA and NOAA models so that new users will not have to spend significant time porting the models. In addition, the prepackaged toolkit will include tools, such as workflow, visualization, social networking web sites, and analysis tools, to assist users in running the models and analyzing the data. The system architecture to be developed will allow for automatic code updates for each user and an effective means with which to deal with data that are generated. We plan to investigate several desktop systems, but our work to date has focused on a Cray CX1. Currently, we are investigating the potential capabilities of several non-traditional development environments. While most NASA and NOAA models are

  18. NIDA Drug Use Screening Tool API

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This Web-based interactive tool provides clinicians with a single-question quick screen about past year alcohol, tobacco, illegal and nonmedical prescription drug...

  19. Federal Procurement Data System - FAADS API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The Federal Award Assistance Data System (FAADS) has been re-engineered as a real-time federal enterprise information system. Web services based on SOAP and XML,...

  20. Federal Procurement Data System - FPDS API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS) Next Generation has been re-engineered as a real-time federal enterprise information system. Web services based on SOAP...

  1. Modular and scalable RESTful API to sustain STAR collaboration's record keeping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkhipkin, D.; Lauret, J.; Shanmuganathan, P. V.

    2015-12-01

    STAR collaboration's record system is a collection of heterogeneous and sparse information associated to each members and institutions. In its original incarnation, only flat information was stored revealing many restrictions such as the lack of historical change information, the inability to keep track of members leaving and re-joining STAR, or the ability to easily extend the saved information as new requirements appeared. In mid-2013, a new project was launched covering an extensive set of revisited requirements. The requirements led us to a design based on a RESTful API, back-end storage engine relying on key/value pair data representation model coupled with a tiered architecture design. This design was motivated by the fact that unifying many STAR tools, relying on the same business logic and storage engine, was a key and central feature for the maintainability and presentation of records. This central service API would leave no ambiguities and provide easy service integration between STAR tools. The new design stores the changes in records dynamically and allows tracking the changes chronologically. The storage engine is extensible as new field of information emerges (member specific or general) without affecting the presentation or the business logic layers. The new record system features a convenient administrative interface, fuzzy algorithms for data entry and search, and provides basic statistics and graphs. Finally, this modular approach is supplemented with access control, allowing private information and administrative operations to be hidden away from public eyes.

  2. Atmospheric sulphuric acid and neutral cluster measurements using CI-APi-TOF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Jokinen

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The first ambient measurements using nitrate ion based Chemical Ionization with the Atmospheric Pressure interface Time-Of-Flight mass spectrometer (CI-APi-TOF for sulphuric acid and neutral cluster detection are presented. We have found CI-APi-TOF a highly stable and sensitive tool for molecular sulphuric acid detection. The lowest limit of detection for sulphuric acid was determined to be 3 × 104 molecules cm−3 for two hour averaging. Signals from sulphuric acid clusters up to tetramer accompanied by ammonia were also obtained but these were found to result from naturally charged clusters formed by ion induced clustering in the atmosphere during nucleation. Opposite to earlier studies with cluster mass spectrometers, we had no indication of neutral clusters. The reason is either less efficient charging of clusters in comparison to molecular sulphuric acid, or in low concentration of neutral clusters at our measurement site during these particular nucleation events. We show that utilizing high resolution mass spectrometry is crucial in separating the weak sulfuric acid cluster signal from the other compounds.

  3. Cloning and Sequence Analysis of cDNA Encoding MRJP3 of Apis cerana cerana

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Song-kun; ZHNEG Huo-qing; CHEN Sheng-lu; ZHONG Bo-xiong; Stefan Albert

    2005-01-01

    By screening the worker (Apis cerana cerana) heads cDNA library using a fragment of the mrjp3 gene ofApis cerana as probe, 120 positive clones were obtained. The clone containing A. cerana cerana MRJP3 (AccMRJP3) cDNA was selected. Based on the sequencing of the inserts of the positive clone, a sequence of AccMRJP3 cDNA which is 1 887 bp long including a poly (A) tail was obtained. The AccMRJP3 cDNA encompassed an open-reading frame (ORF) with 1 779 bp encoding 593 amino acids. The un-translated regions (UTR) of the 5' end and 3' end are 46 bp and 160 bp in length,respectively. Similar to AmMRJP3 and AdMRJP3, the putative AccMRJP3 also has a repetitive region. The comparison of the repetitive region of AccMRJP3, AmMRJP3 and AdMRJP3 shows some differences between them.

  4. Characterization of bifidobacteria in the digestive tract of the Japanese honeybee, Apis cerana japonica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Meihua; Sugimura, Yuya; Takaya, Noriko; Takamatsu, Daisuke; Kobayashi, Masaru; Taylor, DeMar; Yoshiyama, Mikio

    2013-01-01

    Bifidobacteria were isolated from the intestinal tract of the Japanese honeybee, Apis cerana japonica, and investigated for potential application as a probiotic agent against Melissococcus plutonius, the causal agent of European foulbrood (EFB), based on the findings of in vitro inhibition assays. A total of 11 bifidobacteria strains (designated as AcjBF1-AcjBF11) were isolated using a culture-dependent method and their 16S rRNA gene sequences were analyzed. The AcjBF isolates belonged to three distinct bifidobacterial phylotypes that were similar to those found in the European honeybee, Apis mellifera. Although the Japanese and European honeybees are distinct species with different traits and habits, the observation that they share highly similar bifidobacterial phylotypes suggests that bifidobacteria are conserved among honeybee species. Despite having extremely high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, the AcjBF isolates had markedly different carbohydrate fermentation profiles. In addition, in vitro growth inhibition assays revealed that the cell-free supernatants of all AcjBF isolates exhibited antagonistic effects on M. plutonius growth. These results indicate that the bifidobacteria isolated from the gut of Japanese honeybee could potentially be employed as a new biological agent to control EFB. PMID:23069130

  5. POLLINATION EFFECTIVENESS OF APIS CERANA FABRICUS AND APIS MELLIFERA LINNAEUS (HYMENOPTERA: APIDAE) IN JATROPHA CURCAS L. (EUPHORBIACEAE)

    OpenAIRE

    TRI ATMOWIDI; PUJI RIYANTI; ANDENG SUTRISNA

    2008-01-01

    Pollinators are well known to provide key ecosystem. Animal pollinators are thought to contribute between 15 and 30% of global food production and bees are recognized to be the most important taxon. h e pollination eff ectiveness of two species of bees, Apis cerana and A. mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae) was studied. h ree cages, made of insect screen were set up. Each cage contains three individual plants. One colony of A. mellifera and A. cerana...

  6. Statistical guidelines for Apis mellifera research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pirk, C.W.W.; Miranda, J.R.; Kramer, M.; Murray, T.E.; Nazzi, F.; Shutler, D.; Steen, van der J.J.M.; Dooremalen, van C.

    2013-01-01

    In this article we provide guidelines on statistical design and analysis of data for all kinds of honey bee research. Guidelines and selection of different methods presented are, at least partly, based on experience. This article can be used: to identify the most suitable analysis for the type of da

  7. Evaluation of API microtube GT system for detection of germ tube production by clinically significant yeasts.

    OpenAIRE

    Philip, A; Tsui, A; O'Brien, J E

    1983-01-01

    A total of 152 fresh consecutive yeast isolates were tested for their ability to produce germ tubes by the API GT system (Analytab products, Plainview, N.Y.) and by a conventional method. The API system was found to be less sensitive than the conventional method. The costs per test by the API system and the conventional method were $0.76 and $0.39, respectively.

  8. Deep Unsupervised Learning on a Desktop PC: A Primer for Cognitive Scientists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Testolin, Alberto; Stoianov, Ivilin; De Filippo De Grazia, Michele; Zorzi, Marco

    2013-01-01

    Deep belief networks hold great promise for the simulation of human cognition because they show how structured and abstract representations may emerge from probabilistic unsupervised learning. These networks build a hierarchy of progressively more complex distributed representations of the sensory data by fitting a hierarchical generative model. However, learning in deep networks typically requires big datasets and it can involve millions of connection weights, which implies that simulations on standard computers are unfeasible. Developing realistic, medium-to-large-scale learning models of cognition would therefore seem to require expertise in programing parallel-computing hardware, and this might explain why the use of this promising approach is still largely confined to the machine learning community. Here we show how simulations of deep unsupervised learning can be easily performed on a desktop PC by exploiting the processors of low cost graphic cards (graphic processor units) without any specific programing effort, thanks to the use of high-level programming routines (available in MATLAB or Python). We also show that even an entry-level graphic card can outperform a small high-performance computing cluster in terms of learning time and with no loss of learning quality. We therefore conclude that graphic card implementations pave the way for a widespread use of deep learning among cognitive scientists for modeling cognition and behavior. PMID:23653617

  9. Deep unsupervised learning on a desktop PC: A primer for cognitive scientists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto eTestolin

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Deep belief networks hold great promise for the simulation of human cognition because they show how structured and abstract representations may emerge from probabilistic unsupervised learning. These networks build a hierarchy of progressively more complex distributed representations of the sensory data by fitting a hierarchical generative model. However, learning in deep networks typically requires big datasets and it can involve millions of connection weights, which implies that simulations on standard computers are unfeasible. Developing realistic, medium-to-large-scale learning models of cognition would therefore seem to require expertise in programming parallel-computing hardware, and this might explain why the use of this promising approach is still largely confined to the machine learning community. Here we show how simulations of deep unsupervised learning can be easily performed on a desktop PC by exploiting the processors of low-cost graphic cards (GPUs without any specific programming effort, thanks to the use of high-level programming routines (available in MATLAB or Python. We also show that even an entry-level graphic card can outperform a small high-performance computing cluster in terms of learning time and with no loss of learning quality. We therefore conclude that graphic card implementations pave the way for a widespread use of deep learning among cognitive scientists for modeling cognition and behavior.

  10. VRLane: a desktop virtual safety management program for underground coal mine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mei; Chen, Jingzhu; Xiong, Wei; Zhang, Pengpeng; Wu, Daozheng

    2008-10-01

    VR technologies, which generate immersive, interactive, and three-dimensional (3D) environments, are seldom applied to coal mine safety work management. In this paper, a new method that combined the VR technologies with underground mine safety management system was explored. A desktop virtual safety management program for underground coal mine, called VRLane, was developed. The paper mainly concerned about the current research advance in VR, system design, key techniques and system application. Two important techniques were introduced in the paper. Firstly, an algorithm was designed and implemented, with which the 3D laneway models and equipment models can be built on the basis of the latest mine 2D drawings automatically, whereas common VR programs established 3D environment by using 3DS Max or the other 3D modeling software packages with which laneway models were built manually and laboriously. Secondly, VRLane realized system integration with underground industrial automation. VRLane not only described a realistic 3D laneway environment, but also described the status of the coal mining, with functions of displaying the run states and related parameters of equipment, per-alarming the abnormal mining events, and animating mine cars, mine workers, or long-wall shearers. The system, with advantages of cheap, dynamic, easy to maintenance, provided a useful tool for safety production management in coal mine.

  11. Prototype Implementation of Web and Desktop Applications for ALMA Science Verification Data and the Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eguchi, S.; Kawasaki, W.; Shirasaki, Y.; Komiya, Y.; Kosugi, G.; Ohishi, M.; Mizumoto, Y.

    2013-10-01

    ALMA is estimated to generate TB scale data during only one observation; astronomers need to identify which part of the data they are really interested in. We have been developing new GUI software for this purpose utilizing the VO interface: ALMA Web Quick Look System (ALMAWebQL) and ALMA Desktop Application (Vissage). The former is written in JavaScript and HTML5 generated from Java code by the Google Web Toolkit, and the latter is in pure Java. An essential point of our approach is how to reduce network traffic: we prepare, in advance, “compressed” FITS files of 2x2x1 (horizontal, vertical, and spectral directions, respectively) binning, 2 x 2 x 2 binning, 4 x 4 x 2 binning data, and so on. These files are hidden from users, and Web QL automatically chooses the proper one for each user operation. Through this work, we find that network traffic in our system is still a bottleneck towards TB scale data distribution. Hence we have to develop alternative data containers for much faster data processing. In this paper, we introduce our data analysis systems, and describe what we learned through the development.

  12. Desktop Software for Patch-Clamp Raw Binary Data Conversion and Preprocessing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Zhang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Since raw data recorded by patch-clamp systems are always stored in binary format, electrophysiologists may experience difficulties with patch clamp data preprocessing especially when they want to analyze by custom-designed algorithms. In this study, we present desktop software, called PCDReader, which could be an effective and convenient solution for patch clamp data preprocessing for daily laboratory use. We designed a novel class module, called clsPulseData, to directly read the raw data along with the parameters recorded from HEKA instruments without any other program support. By a graphical user interface, raw binary data files can be converted into several kinds of ASCII text files for further analysis, with several preprocessing options. And the parameters can also be viewed, modified and exported into ASCII files by a user-friendly Explorer style window. The real-time data loading technique and optimized memory management programming makes PCDReader a fast and efficient tool. The compiled software along with the source code of the clsPulseData class module is freely available to academic and nonprofit users.

  13. A Unified Algorithm for Virtual Desktops Placement in Distributed Cloud Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangtao Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Distributed cloud has been widely adopted to support service requests from dispersed regions, especially for large enterprise which requests virtual desktops for multiple geodistributed branch companies. The cloud service provider (CSP aims to deliver satisfactory services at the least cost. CSP selects proper data centers (DCs closer to the branch companies so as to shorten the response time to user request. At the same time, it also strives to cut cost considering both DC level and server level. At DC level, the expensive long distance inter-DC bandwidth consumption should be reduced and lower electricity price is sought. Inside each tree-like DC, servers are trying to be used as little as possible so as to save equipment cost and power. In nature, there is a noncooperative relation between the DC level and server level in the selection. To attain these objectives and capture the noncooperative relation, multiobjective bilevel programming is used to formulate the problem. Then a unified genetic algorithm is proposed to solve the problem which realizes the selection of DC and server simultaneously. The extensive simulation shows that the proposed algorithm outperforms baseline algorithm in both quality of service guaranteeing and cost saving.

  14. Development and deployment of a Desktop and Mobile application on grid for GPS studie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntumba, Patient; Lotoy, Vianney; Djungu, Saint Jean; Fleury, Rolland; Petitdidier, Monique; Gemünd, André; Schwichtenberg, Horst

    2013-04-01

    GPS networks for scientific studies are developed all other the world and large databases, regularly updated, like IGS are also available. Many GPS have been installed in West and Central Africa during AMMA (African Monsoon Multiplidisciplinary Analysis), IHY (International heliophysical Year)and many other projects since 2005. African scientists have been educated to use those data especially for meteorological and ionospheric studies. The annual variations of ionospheric parameters for a given station or map of a given region are very intensive computing. Then grid or cloud computing may be a solution to obtain results in a relatively short time. Real time At the University of Kinshasa the chosen solution is a grid of several PCs. It has been deployed by using Globus Toolkit on a Condor pool in order to support the processing of GPS data for ionospheric studies. To be user-friendly, graphical user interfaces(GUI) have been developed to help the user to prepare and submit jobs. One is a java GUI for desktop client, the other is an Android GUI for mobile client. The interest of a grid is the possibility to send a bunch of jobs with an adequate agent control in order to survey the job execution and result storage. After the feasibility study the grid will be extended to a larger number of PCs. Other solutions will be in parallel explored.

  15. Developing JAVA Card Application with RMI API

    Science.gov (United States)

    JunWu, Xu; JunLing, Liang

    This paper describes research in the use of the RMI to develop Java Card applications. the Java Card RMI (JCRMI), which is based on the J2SE RMI distributed-object model. In the RMI model a server application creates and makes accessible remote objects, and a client application obtains remote references to the server's remote objects, and then invokes remote methods on them. In JCRMI, the Java Card applet is the server, and the host application is the client.

  16. Haptic devices and objects, robots and mannequin simulation in a CAD-CAM software: eM-Virtual Desktop

    CERN Document Server

    Chablat, Damien; Hoessler, Bernard; Guibert, Matthieu

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the development of a new software in order to manage objects, robots and mannequins in using the possibilities given by the haptic feedback of the Phantom desktop devices. The haptic device provides 6 positional degrees of freedom sensing but three degrees force feedback. This software called eM-Virtual Desktop is integrated in the Tecnomatix's solution called eM-Workplace. The eM-Workplace provides powerful solutions for planning and designing of complex assembly facilities, lines and workplaces. In the digital mockup context, the haptic interfaces can be used to reduce the development cycle of products. Three different loops are used to manage the graphic, the collision detection and the haptic feedback according to theirs own frequencies. The developed software is currently tested in industrial context by a European automotive constructor.

  17. Accelerated Numerical Processing API Based on GPU Technology Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The recent performance increases in graphics processing units (GPUs) have made graphics cards an attractive platform for implementing computationally intense...

  18. The Desktop Muon Detector: A simple, physics-motivated machine- and electronics-shop project for university students

    CERN Document Server

    Axani, Spencer N; Kirby, Conor

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes an undergraduate-level physics project that incorporates various aspects of machine- and electronics-shop technical development. The desktop muon detector is a self-contained apparatus that employs plastic scintillator as a detection medium and a silicon photomultiplier for light collection. These detectors can be used in conjunction with the provided software to make interesting physics measurements. The total cost of each counter is approximately $100.

  19. The Design, Implementation and Evaluation of a Desktop Virtual Reality for Teaching Numeracy Concepts via Virtual Manipulatives

    OpenAIRE

    Daghestani, L.

    2013-01-01

    Virtual reality offers new possibilities and new challenges for teaching and learning. For students in elementary mathematics, it has been suggested that virtual reality offers new ways of representing numeracy concepts in the form of virtual reality manipulatives. The main goal of this thesis is to investigate the effectiveness of using desktop virtual reality as a cognitive tool to enhance the conceptual understanding of numeracy concepts by elementary school children, specifically addition...

  20. Facebook Application Development with Graph API Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Srivastava, Shashwat

    2011-01-01

    Written in a cookbook style, this book offers solutions using a recipe-based approach. Each recipe contains step-by-step instructions followed by an analysis of what was done in each task and other useful information. The cookbook approach means you can dive into whatever recipes you want in no particular order. The book provides tips and tricks to the most common problems and scenarios faced in Facebook Application Development. This book is written for Facebook developers ranging from novice to expert. It uses PHP, HTML and jQuery, the most commonly used platforms, to build applications in Fa

  1. Périphériques haptiques et simulation d'objets, de robots et de mannequins dans un environnement de CAO-Robotique : eM-Virtual Desktop

    OpenAIRE

    Chablat, Damien; Bennis, Fouad; Hoessler, Bernard; Guibert, Matthieu

    2002-01-01

    International audience This paper presents the development of a new software in order to manage objects, robots and mannequins in using the possibilities given by the haptic feedback of the Phantom desktop devices. The haptic device provides 6 positional degree of freedom sensing but three degrees force feedback. This software called eM-Virtual Desktop is integrated in the Tecnomatix's solution called eM-Workplace. The eM-Workplace provides powerful solutions for planning and designing of ...

  2. Failure behaviour of preloaded API line pipe threaded connections

    OpenAIRE

    Seys, Jonas; Roeygens, Koenraad; Van Wittenberghe, Jeroen; Galle, Timothy; DE BAETS, Patrick; De Waele, Wim

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on numerical and experimental work concerning the fatigue behaviour and sealing capacity of threaded pipe connections (1” API Line Pipe). Numerical simulations are performed using Abaqus® in combination with ThreadGen©. The fatigue life of a thick-walled standard coupling is determined using a four-point bending test. The corresponding S-N curve is compared to results of previous work on thin-walled specimens. It can be concluded that the standard thick-walled connection ha...

  3. Efectos digitales de audio con Web Audio API

    OpenAIRE

    GARCÍA CHAPARRO, SAMUEL

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo consiste en un estudio de la capacidad de Web Audio API para el procesado de efectos de audio en tiempo real. De todos los efectos de audio posibles se han elegido el wah-wah, el flanger y el choris, efectos ampliamente empleados con guitarra eléctrica. Se crean funciones de lenguaje JavaScript que modelan el comportamiento de los efectos de audio elegidos, haciéndolas funcionar sobre una plataforma web HTML5. García Chaparro, S. (2015). Efectos digitales de audio con W...

  4. Solar Eclipse Computer API: Planning Ahead for August 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Jennifer L.; Chizek Frouard, Malynda; Lesniak, Michael V.; Bell, Steve

    2016-01-01

    With the total solar eclipse of 2017 August 21 over the continental United States approaching, the U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO) on-line Solar Eclipse Computer can now be accessed via an application programming interface (API). This flexible interface returns local circumstances for any solar eclipse in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) that can be incorporated into third-party Web sites or applications. For a given year, it can also return a list of solar eclipses that can be used to build a more specific request for local circumstances. Over the course of a particular eclipse as viewed from a specific site, several events may be visible: the beginning and ending of the eclipse (first and fourth contacts), the beginning and ending of totality (second and third contacts), the moment of maximum eclipse, sunrise, or sunset. For each of these events, the USNO Solar Eclipse Computer reports the time, Sun's altitude and azimuth, and the event's position and vertex angles. The computer also reports the duration of the total phase, the duration of the eclipse, the magnitude of the eclipse, and the percent of the Sun obscured for a particular eclipse site. On-line documentation for using the API-enabled Solar Eclipse Computer, including sample calls, is available (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/api.php). The same Web page also describes how to reach the Complete Sun and Moon Data for One Day, Phases of the Moon, Day and Night Across the Earth, and Apparent Disk of a Solar System Object services using API calls.For those who prefer using a traditional data input form, local circumstances can still be requested that way at http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/SolarEclipses.php. In addition, the 2017 August 21 Solar Eclipse Resource page (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Eclipse2017.php) consolidates all of the USNO resources for this event, including a Google Map view of the eclipse track designed by Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO). Looking further ahead, a

  5. Entorno de Audio usando la nueva API de HTML 5

    OpenAIRE

    LATORRE PLAYÁN, JAVIER

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como objetivo el diseño y programación de una aplicación de audio sobre la nueva API de audio de HTML 5. Para ello, utilizamos el programa SoundCool, que es propiedad de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia y, a partir de los módulos que implementa, los adaptaremos al lenguaje antes mencionado, con el propósito de hacerlo más accesible y atractivo visualmente. Para poder llevar a cabo lo mencionado anteriormente, se ha realizado, en primer lugar, un trabajo de investig...

  6. APIS - a novel approach for conditioning honey bees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Hagen Kirkerud

    2013-04-01

    Our data show that in a short-term memory test the response rate for the conditioned stimulus in APIS correlates well with response rate obtained from conventional Proboscis Extension Response (PER-conditioning. Additionally, we discovered that bees modulate their behaviour to aversively learned odours by reducing their rate, speed and magnitude of escapes and that both generalisation and extinction seem to be different between appetitive and aversive stimuli. The advantages of this automatic system make it ideal for assessing learning rates in a standardised and convenient way, and its flexibility adds to our toolbox for studying honey bee behaviour.

  7. Third party web API implementation in web application development

    OpenAIRE

    Bampende, Humberto

    2015-01-01

    The rapid expansion of the MunaEggsPress business has caused the need for a presence online and a booking system to facilitate the management of the logistics behind the delivery of goods and to provide sales points in advance as available options to customers. As a result, this thesis aim to provide a part of the solution to the booking system for the sales point locations, a login alternative, and messaging modules using third-party APIs approach. Previously, the business essentially u...

  8. APIs for QoS configuration in Software Defined Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caba, Cosmin Marius; Soler, José

    2015-01-01

    such as configuration of devices, ports, queues, etc. An Application Programming Interface (API) for dynamic configuration of QoS resources in the network devices is implemented herein, by using the capabilities of OVSDB. Further, the paper demonstrates the possibility to create network services with coarse granularity......The OpenFlow (OF) protocol is widely used in Software Defined Networking (SDN) to realize the communication between the controller and forwarding devices. OF allows great flexibility in managing traffic flows. However, OF alone is not enough to build more complex SDN services that require complete...

  9. Indiana Humanities Council Request for the Indianapolis Energy Conversion Inst. For Phase I of the Indianapolis Energy Conservation Res Initiative also called the smartDESKTOP Initiative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keller, John B.

    2007-12-06

    The smartDESKTOP Initiative at the Indiana Humanities Council received critical support in building and delivering a digital desktop for Indiana educators through the Department of Energy Grant DE-FG02-06ER64282. During the project period September 2006 through October of 2007, the number of Indiana educators with accounts on the smartDESKTOP more than tripled from under 2,000 to more than 7,000 accounts. An external review of the project conducted for the purposes of understanding the impact of the service in Indiana schools revealed that the majority of respondents felt that using the smartDESKTOP did reduce the time they spent managing paper. The same study revealed the challenges of implementing a digital desktop meant to help teachers leverage technology to improve their teaching and ultimately student learning. The most significant outcome of this project is that the Indiana Department of Education expressed interest in assuming responsibility for sustaining this project. The transition of the smartDESKTOP to the Indiana Department of Education was effective on November 1, 2007.

  10. IMIS desktop & smartphone software solutions for monitoring spacecrafts' payload from anywhere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baroukh, J.; Queyrut, O.; Airaud, J.

    In the past years, the demand for satellite remote operations has increased guided by on one hand, the will to reduce operations cost (on-call operators out of business hours), and on the other hand, the development of cooperation space missions resulting in a world wide distribution of engineers and science team members. Only a few off-the-shelf solutions exist to fulfill the need of remote payload monitoring, and they mainly use proprietary devices. The recent advent of mobile technologies (laptops, smartphones and tablets) as well as the worldwide deployment of broadband networks (3G, Wi-Fi hotspots), has opened up a technical window that brings new options. As part of the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission, the Centre National D'Etudes Spatiales (CNES, the French space agency) has developed a new software solution for monitoring spacecraft payloads. The Instrument Monitoring Interactive Software (IMIS) offers state-of-the-art operational features for payload monitoring, and can be accessed remotely. It was conceived as a generic tool that can be used for heterogeneous payloads and missions. IMIS was designed as a classical client/server architecture. The server is hosted at CNES and acts as a data provider while two different kinds of clients are available depending on the level of mobility required. The first one is a rich client application, built on Eclipse framework, which can be installed on usual operating systems and communicates with the server through the Internet. The second one is a smartphone application for any Android platform, connected to the server thanks to the mobile broadband network or a Wi-Fi connection. This second client is mainly devoted to on-call operations and thus only contains a subset of the IMIS functionalities. This paper describes the operational context, including security aspects, that led IMIS development, presents the selected software architecture and details the various features of both clients: the desktop and the sm

  11. Improvements and extensions to API 618 related to pulsation and mechanical response studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijk, A.; Smeulers, J.P.M.; Blodgett, L.E.; Smalley, A.J.

    1999-01-01

    Purchasers of reciprocating compressors need a standard to help ensure reliable installations. The PNEUROP standard evolved in Europe, and the API 618 Standard in the U.S.A. Frequent application and generally good experience, worldwide, have led to four releases of API 618, the last dated June 1995.

  12. Differential gene expression of the honey bee Apis mellifera associated with Varroa destructor infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The parasitic mite, Varroa destructor, is the most serious pest of the western honey bee, Apis mellifera, and has caused the death of millions of colonies worldwide. We investigated whether Varroa infestation induces changes in Apis mellifera gene expression, and whether there are genotypic differen...

  13. Analysis of Giga-size Earth Observation Data in Open Source GRASS GIS 7 - from Desktop to On-line Solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepinski, T. F.; Mitasova, H.; Jasiewicz, J.; Neteler, M.; Gebbert, S.

    2014-12-01

    GRASS GIS is a leading open source GIS for geospatial analysis and modeling. In addition to being utilized as a desktop GIS it also serves as a processing engine for high performance geospatial computing for applications in diverse disciplines. The newly released GRASS GIS 7 supports big data analysis including temporal framework, image segmentation, watershed analysis, synchronized 2D/3D animations and many others. This presentation will focus on new GRASS GIS 7-powered tools for geoprocessing giga-size earth observation (EO) data using spatial pattern analysis. Pattern-based analysis connects to human visual perception of space as well as makes geoprocessing of giga-size EO data possible in an efficient and robust manner. GeoPAT is a collection of GRASS GIS 7 modules that fully integrates procedures for pattern representation of EO data and patterns similarity calculations with standard GIS tasks of mapping, maps overlay, segmentation, classification(Fig 1a), change detections etc. GeoPAT works very well on a desktop but it also underpins several GeoWeb applications (http://sil.uc.edu/ ) which allow users to do analysis on selected EO datasets without the need to download them. The GRASS GIS 7 temporal framework and high resolution visualizations will be illustrated using time series of giga-size, lidar-based digital elevation models representing the dynamics of North Carolina barrier islands over the past 15 years. The temporal framework supports efficient raster and vector data series analysis and simplifies data input for visual analysis of dynamic landscapes (Fig. 1b) allowing users to rapidly identify vulnerable locations, changes in built environment and eroding coastlines. Numerous improvements in GRASS GIS 7 were implemented to support terabyte size data processing for reconstruction of MODIS land surface temperature (LST) at 250m resolution using multiple regressions and PCA (Fig. 1c) . The new MODIS LST series (http://gis.cri.fmach.it/eurolst/) includes

  14. Physicochemical analysis of apis dorsata honey from terai forests, Nepal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The multi floral honey produced by Apis dorsata from Shahabgunj, Dhakeri, Narayanpur and Perari forest, Nepal, were provided by International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Nepal. These ninety nine Apis dorsata honey samples were characterized physicochemical and were found to have values of various quality determining parameters well with in the permissible International standards. The honey samples had pH in the range of 3.8-4.68, free acidity 41-48 meq/kg, lactones 13-16 meq/kg, total acidity 55-65 meq/kg, moisture content 20.5-26%, electrical conductivity 0.22-0.63 mS/cm, proline content 76-160 mg/kg, HMF content 30-56 mg/kg, diastase number 5.1-29 DN, invertase number 390-499, apparent reducing sugars 73.78-77.78%, fructose 36.93-44.61%, glucose 19.61-27.51% and sucrose 12.07-20.38%. (author)

  15. Topic acute toxicity of Bioenraiz in honey bees (Apis mellifera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odette Beiro Castro

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Bioenraiz is a phytohormone which active ingredient is indolacetic acid (AIA, an auxina that promotes vegetable vegetable growth. The most important feature is that it regulates growth by inducing the synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA or specific enzymes, which in turn are linked into a central genetic as biological modulators.Objective. To evaluate the potential toxicity of Bioenraiz when is administered to honey bees. Method. The product was applied in single and topic doses of 0.650 mg/ bee; equivalent to a concentration of 130 mg/ L. Two hundred honey bees of the Apis mellifera specie were used and distributed in two experimental groups: a control one (non treated and a group treated with Bioenraiz. The mortality of the bee and the appearance of toxicity signs at the 4, 24 and 48 hours of the test, were the variables analyzed. Results and Discussion. Bioenraiz caused a 2 percent of mortality, a non biological and statistical significant value according to the validation criteria of the test. Concerning clinical observations, the animals did not show toxic signs nor alterations in their behavor attribute to the administration of the test substance. Conclusions. According to the results obtained in this highly sensitive specie for ecotoxicological tests, this product did not provoke neither mortality, nor toxicity for the Apis mellifera bee.

  16. Parasitic Cape honeybee workers, Apis mellifera capensis, evade policing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Stephen J.; Beekman, Madeleine; Wossler, Theresa C.; Ratnieks, Francis L. W.

    2002-01-01

    Relocation of the Cape honeybee, Apis mellifera capensis, by bee-keepers from southern to northern South Africa in 1990 has caused widespread death of managed African honeybee, A. m. scutellata, colonies. Apis mellifera capensis worker bees are able to lay diploid, female eggs without mating by means of automictic thelytoky (meiosis followed by fusion of two meiotic products to restore egg diploidy), whereas workers of other honeybee subspecies are able to lay only haploid, male eggs. The A. m. capensis workers, which are parasitizing and killing A. m. scutellata colonies in northern South Africa, are the asexual offspring of a single, original worker in which the small amount of genetic variation observed is due to crossing over during meiosis (P. Kryger, personal communication). Here we elucidate two principal mechanisms underlying this parasitism. Parasitic A. m. capensis workers activate their ovaries in host colonies that have a queen present (queenright colonies), and they lay eggs that evade being killed by other workers (worker policing)-the normal fate of worker-laid eggs in colonies with a queen. This unique parasitism by workers is an instance in which a society is unable to control the selfish actions of its members.

  17. Individual Variability of Nosema ceranae Infections in Apis mellifera Colonies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard D. Fell

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Since 2006, beekeepers have reported increased losses of Apis mellifera colonies, and one factor that has been potentially implicated in these losses is the microsporidian Nosema ceranae. Since N. ceranae is a fairly recently discovered parasite, there is little knowledge of the variation in infection levels among individual workers within a colony. In this study we examined the levels of infection in individual bees from five colonies over three seasons using both spore counting and quantitative real-time PCR. The results show considerable intra-colony variation in infection intensity among individual workers with a higher percentage of low-level infections detected by PCR than by spore counting. Colonies generally had the highest percentage of infected bees in early summer (June and the lowest levels in the fall (September. Nosema apis was detected in only 16/705 bees (2.3% and always as a low-level co-infection with N. ceranae. The results also indicate that intra-colony variation in infection levels could influence the accuracy of Nosema diagnosis.

  18. 往复压缩机标准API-618、API-11P的异同点及其应用浅谈%The Similarities and Differences of Reciprocating Compressor Standards of API-618 and API-11P and Discussion of Its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明悦; 扈滨

    2011-01-01

    PI Standard 618 and API Specification 11P are the standards for reciprocating compressors by American Petroleum Institute ( API) .This paper has speeified the applications of the two standards in the compressors which used in the Cas Treatment Plant of SES natural gas pmject.And the similarities and differences between them are compared.%API Standard 618和API Specification 11P都是美国石油学会(API)针对往复压缩机制定的标准.结合中海石油SES天然气项目中的气体处理厂压缩机单元对这两个标准的应用,对两者之间的异同点进行比较.

  19. Identification, recombinant expression, and characterization of the 100 kDa high molecular weight Hymenoptera venom allergens Api m 5 and Ves v 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blank, Simon; Seismann, Henning; Bockisch, Benjamin; Braren, Ingke; Cifuentes, Liliana; McIntyre, Mareike; Rühl, Dana; Ring, Johannes; Bredehorst, Reinhard; Ollert, Markus W; Grunwald, Thomas; Spillner, Edzard

    2010-05-01

    Insect stings can cause life-threatening IgE-mediated anaphylactic reactions in venom-allergic patients. Although several compounds have already been described as venom allergens, prominent allergen candidates especially in the higher m.w. range have still remained elusive. Tandem mass spectrometry-based sequencing assigned a candidate gene to the most prominent putative high m.w. allergen Api m 5 (allergen C) in honeybee (Apis mellifera) venom and also allowed identification of its homologue Ves v 3 in yellow jacket (Vespula vulgaris) venom. Both proteins exhibit a pronounced sequence identity to human dipeptidyl peptidase IV or CD26. Reactivity of a human IgE mAb verified the presence of these proteins in the venoms. Both proteins were produced in insect cells and characterized for their enzymatic activity as well as their allergenic potential using sera and basophils from insect venom-allergic patients. Both Api m 5 and Ves v 3 were recognized by specific IgE of the majority of patients even in the absence of cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants. Serologic IgE reactivity closely matched activation of human basophils by Api m 5 or Ves v 3, thus underlining their relevance in functional assays. With Api m 5 and Ves v 3, a new pair of homologous allergens becomes available for future clinical applications in diagnosis and therapy that may also contribute to the understanding of molecular mechanisms of insect venoms. Moreover, the patient IgE reactivity together with the cellular activation demonstrates for the first time the relevance of high m.w. allergens in the context of hymenoptera venom allergy. PMID:20348419

  20. Regional variation in composition and antimicrobial activity of US propolis against Paenibacillus larvae and Ascosphaera apis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, M B; Brinkman, D; Spivak, M; Gardner, G; Cohen, J D

    2015-01-01

    Propolis is a substance derived from antimicrobial plant resins that honey bees use in the construction of their nests. Propolis use in the hive is an important component of honey bee social immunity and confers a number of positive physiological benefits to bees. The benefits that bees derive from resins are mostly due to their antimicrobial properties, but it is unknown how the diversity of antimicrobial activities among resins might impact bee health. In our previous work, we found that resins from different North American Populus spp. differed in their ability to inhibit in vitro growth of the bee bacterial pathogen Paenibacillus larvae. The goal of our current work was to characterize the antimicrobial activity of propolis from 12 climatically diverse regions across the US against the bee pathogens P. larvae and Ascosphaera apis and compare the metabolite profiles among those samples using LC-MS-based metabolomic methods. Samples differed greatly in their ability to inhibit both bacterial and fungal growth in vitro, but propolis from Nevada, Texas, and California displayed high activity against both pathogens. Interestingly, propolis from Georgia, New York, Louisiana, and Minnesota were active against A. apis, but not very active against P. larvae. Metabolomic analysis of regional propolis samples revealed that each sample was compositionally distinct, and LC-FTMS profiles from each sample contained a unique number of shared and exclusive peaks. Propolis from Aspen, CO, Tuscon, AZ, and Raleigh, NC, contained relatively large numbers of exclusive peaks, which may indicate that these samples originated from relatively unique botanical sources. This is the first study to characterize how the diversity of bee preferred resinous plants in the US may affect bee health, and could guide future studies on the therapeutic potential of propolis for bees. PMID:25450740

  1. Effect of Heat Treatment on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of a API 5CT J55 Pipeline Steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soria-Aguilar Ma. de Jesús

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The effects of two different post-weld heat treatment cycles on the microstructure and mechanical properties of welded API 5CT J55 steels were investigated in the present work. Experiments were carried out based on a Taguchi experimental design. Ortogonal arrays (L9 of Taguchi and statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA were employed to determine the impact of the heat treatment parameters on the microstructure and mechanical properties of experimental steel. From the results of ANOVA, there were obtained the empirical equations for optimizing the heat treating conditions that lead to the best mechanical properties.

  2. In-situ Hybridization for the Detection of Sacbrood Virus in Infected Larvae of the Honey Bee (Apis cerana).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, C; Kang, H S; Jeong, J; Kang, I; Choi, K; Yoo, M-S; Kim, Y-H; Kang, S-W; Lim, H-Y; Yoon, B-S; Chae, C

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop and use in-situ hybridization (ISH) for the detection and localization of the sacbrood virus (SBV) in Korean honey bee (Apis cerana) larvae that were infected naturally with SBV. A 258 base pair cDNA probe for SBV was generated by polymerase chain reaction. Cells positive for viral genome typically showed a dark brown reaction in the cytoplasm. SBV was detected consistently in trophocytes and urocytes. The ISH was successfully applied to routinely fixed and processed tissues and thus should prove helpful in the diagnosis and characterization of viral distribution in infected larvae. PMID:26852344

  3. Modular Rapid E-Learning Framework (MORELFT) in Desktop Virtualization Environment: An Effective Hybrid Implementation in Nurse Education

    OpenAIRE

    Alaattin PARLAKKILIC

    2015-01-01

    Generally it is not easy for an instructor to prepare and deliver electronic courses via e-learning. Therefore it is necessary to work and develop an easy system. In this context module technology was used to for provide modularity in conducting educational development of e-learning course. Then, rapid e-learning was used for more quick and easy course development. In order to implement modular rapid e-learning, a desktop virtual environment was set up. Modular rapid e-learning was used by t...

  4. The Arabidopsis apyrase AtAPY1 is localized in the Golgi instead of the extracellular space

    OpenAIRE

    Schiller Madlen; Massalski Carolin; Kurth Thomas; Steinebrunner Iris

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The two highly similar Arabidopsis apyrases AtAPY1 and AtAPY2 were previously shown to be involved in plant growth and development, evidently by regulating extracellular ATP signals. The subcellular localization of AtAPY1 was investigated to corroborate an extracellular function. Results Transgenic Arabidopsis lines expressing AtAPY1 fused to the SNAP-(O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase)-tag were used for indirect immunofluorescence and AtAPY1 was detected in punctate st...

  5. Yeast cell factories for fine chemical and API production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glieder Anton

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This review gives an overview of different yeast strains and enzyme classes involved in yeast whole-cell biotransformations. A focus was put on the synthesis of compounds for fine chemical and API (= active pharmaceutical ingredient production employing single or only few-step enzymatic reactions. Accounting for recent success stories in metabolic engineering, the construction and use of synthetic pathways was also highlighted. Examples from academia and industry and advances in the field of designed yeast strain construction demonstrate the broad significance of yeast whole-cell applications. In addition to Saccharomyces cerevisiae, alternative yeast whole-cell biocatalysts are discussed such as Candida sp., Cryptococcus sp., Geotrichum sp., Issatchenkia sp., Kloeckera sp., Kluyveromyces sp., Pichia sp. (including Hansenula polymorpha = P. angusta, Rhodotorula sp., Rhodosporidium sp., alternative Saccharomyces sp., Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Torulopsis sp., Trichosporon sp., Trigonopsis variabilis, Yarrowia lipolytica and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii.

  6. EDGE REMOVAL OF 3D POLYGONAL MODEL USING MAYA API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SAMEER ARORA

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In various applications of computer graphics, 3D polygonal modeling is used, which consists millions of triangular polygon. In this polygon attributes – vertices, edges and faces’ details are to be stored. In order to control the processing time, storing space, and transfer speed, it is often required to reduce the information ofthese polygonal 3D models. In this paper an effort is made to reduce the number of edges. There are various methods to reduce faces and edges of these 3D models. A C++ dynamic link library as Maya Plugin has been created to remove number of edges of 3D triangular polygon model using the Quadric Error Metrics (QEM in MAYA v2010 x64 API. QEM allows fast and accurate geometric simplification of 3D models.

  7. Fragilización por Hidrógeno de los Aceros API 5L X60 y API 5L X80 Hydrogen Embrittlement of API 5L X60 and API 5L X80 Steels

    OpenAIRE

    Bruno A Araújo; Jorge A Palma; Vilar, Eudésio O.; Silva, Antonio A.

    2011-01-01

    Se ha determinado el comportamiento mecánico de los aceros API 5L grados X60 y X80, fragilizados por hidrógeno ambiental y por hidrógeno interno. El potencial y la densidad de corriente para la generación del hidrógeno fueron determinados por polarización potenciodinámica, y el tiempo de saturación estimado a partir de datos de difusividad y solubilidad obtenidos en ensayos de permeación con una célula electroquímica. La carga de hidrógeno para reproducir las condiciones de la fragilización p...

  8. [Significance and progress of DIAN/A4/API].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimada, Hiroyuki

    2016-03-01

    The DIAN observational study compared the pathophysiological markers between mutation carriers and non-carriers for autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease. It has revealed the biomarker changes in the mutation carrier's brain started as early as 20, even 25 years prior to symptoms. The researchers of DIAN started the prevention trial(DIAN-TU) with two monoclonal antibodies. The API study is the clinical trial of the anti-amyloid monoclonal antibody therapy to the kindred of early onset familial AD (EOAD) who carry the PSEN1 E280A mutation. This study has also shown the same biomarker changes that were reported in the DIAN study. Anti-Amyloid Treatment in Asymptomatic AD (A4) is a prevention trial aimed at treating cognitive normal older individuals at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease dementia on the basis of having biomarker evidence of amyloid (pre-clinical AD). Solanezumab was selected for the anti-amyloid treatment for A4. PMID:27025079

  9. Pheromonal contest between honeybee workers ( Apis mellifera capensis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moritz, R. F. A.; Simon, U. E.; Crewe, R. M.

    2000-10-01

    Queenless workers of the Cape honeybee ( Apis mellifera capensis) can develop into reproductives termed pseudoqueens. Although they morphologically remain workers they become physiologically queenlike, produce offspring, and secrete mandibular gland pheromones similar to those of true queens. However, after queen loss only very few workers gain pseudoqueen status. A strong intracolonial selection governs which workers start oviposition and which remain sterile. The "queen substance", 9-keto-2(E)-decenoic acid (9-ODA), the dominant compound of the queen's mandibular gland pheromones, suppresses the secretion of queenlike mandibular gland pheromones in workers. It may act as an important signal in pseudoqueen selection. By analysing the mandibular gland pheromones of workers kept in pairs, we found that A. m. capensis workers compete to produce the strongest queen-like signal.

  10. A non-policing honey bee colony (Apis mellifera capensis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beekman, Madeleine; Good, Gregory; Allsopp, Mike; Radloff, Sarah; Pirk, Chris; Ratnieks, Francis

    2002-09-01

    In the Cape honey bee Apis mellifera capensis, workers lay female eggs without mating by thelytokous parthenogenesis. As a result, workers are as related to worker-laid eggs as they are to queen-laid eggs and therefore worker policing is expected to be lower, or even absent. This was tested by transferring worker- and queen-laid eggs into three queenright A. m. capensis discriminator colonies and monitoring their removal. Our results show that worker policing is variable in A. m. capensis and that in one colony worker-laid eggs were not removed. This is the first report of a non-policing queenright honey bee colony. DNA microsatellite and morphometric analysis suggests that the racial composition of the three discriminator colonies was different. The variation in policing rates could be explained by differences in degrees of hybridisation between A. m. capensis and A. m. scutellata, although a larger survey is needed to confirm this.

  11. AES Encryption and Decryption Using Direct3D 10 API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Marius Chiuta

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Current video cards (GPUs – Graphics Processing Units are very programmable, have become much more powerful than the CPUs and they are very affordable. In this paper, we present an implementation for the AES algorithm using Direct3D 10 certified GPUs. The graphics API Direct3D 10 is the first version that allows the use of integer operations, making from the traditional GPUs (that works only with floating point numbers, General Purpose GPUs that can be used for a large number of algorithms, including encryption. We present the performance of the symmetric key encryption algorithm – AES, on a middle range GPU and on a middle range quad core CPU. On the testing system, the developed solution is almost 3 times faster on the GPU than on one single core CPU, showing that the GPU can perform as an efficient cryptographic accelerator.

  12. Apoptosis inhibitor 5 (API-5; AAC-11; FIF) is upregulated in human carcinomas in vivo

    OpenAIRE

    Koci, Lenka; Chlebova, Katarina; Hyzdalova, Martina; Hofmanova, Jirina; Jira, Miroslav; Kysela, Petr; Kozubik, Alois; Kala, Zdenek; Krejci, Pavel

    2012-01-01

    Apoptosis inhibitor 5 (API-5) is a 55 kDa nuclear protein with potent anti-apoptotic signaling in tumor cells in vitro. In this study, we analyzed the expression of the API-5 protein in vivo in a broad spectrum of human carcinomas, including those of the colon, lung, liver, kidney, pancreas, stomach and esophagus using tumor tissues obtained during tumor resection. The results showed significant upregulation of API-5 expression in biopsies of lung (23%, n=13) and colorectal tumors (33%, n=27)...

  13. Clarification of some api characteristics in relation to caribou (Rangifer tarandus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William O. Pruitt, Jr.

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available A total of 2177 comparisons of api hardness vs. density in northern Saskatchewan, southeastern Manitoba and northeastern Finland revealed no consistent correlation (r varied from +.70 to -.17. A total of 1395 comparisons of horizontal hardness of the top layer of api to vertical hardness of the same layer of api in southeastern Manitoba, northeastern Finland and far eastern middle Finland revealed no consistent correlation (r varied from +.99 to -.20. Therefore one cannot substitute density for hardness nor horizontal hardness of the top layer for vertical hardness of the top layer in the terms of the Värriö Snow Index.

  14. Comparison of micro-ID and API 20E in rapid identification of Enterobacteriaceae.

    OpenAIRE

    Gooch, W M; Hill, G. A.

    1982-01-01

    The effectiveness of Micro-ID and API 20E as same-day identification systems for Enterobacteriaceae was evaluated in comparison with conventional identification by using 315 clinical isolates and 90 stock strains. The API 20E system was heavily inoculated according to manufacturer's recommendations for same-day identification. We found that 83 and 81% of isolates provided adequate inocula for Micro-ID and API 20E, respectively, and purity of the heavy inocula was not a problem with either sys...

  15. The Arabidopsis apyrase AtAPY1 is localized in the Golgi instead of the extracellular space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schiller Madlen

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The two highly similar Arabidopsis apyrases AtAPY1 and AtAPY2 were previously shown to be involved in plant growth and development, evidently by regulating extracellular ATP signals. The subcellular localization of AtAPY1 was investigated to corroborate an extracellular function. Results Transgenic Arabidopsis lines expressing AtAPY1 fused to the SNAP-(O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase-tag were used for indirect immunofluorescence and AtAPY1 was detected in punctate structures within the cell. The same signal pattern was found in seedlings stably overexpressing AtAPY1-GFP by indirect immunofluorescence and live imaging. In order to identify the nature of the AtAPY1-positive structures, AtAPY1-GFP expressing seedlings were treated with the endocytic marker stain FM4-64 (N-(3-triethylammoniumpropyl-4-(p-diethylaminophenyl-hexatrienyl-pyridinium dibromide and crossed with a transgenic line expressing the trans-Golgi marker Rab E1d. Neither FM4-64 nor Rab E1d co-localized with AtAPY1. However, live imaging of transgenic Arabidopsis lines expressing AtAPY1-GFP and either the fluorescent protein-tagged Golgi marker Membrin 12, Syntaxin of plants 32 or Golgi transport 1 protein homolog showed co-localization. The Golgi localization was confirmed by immunogold labeling of AtAPY1-GFP. There was no indication of extracellular AtAPY1 by indirect immunofluorescence using antibodies against SNAP and GFP, live imaging of AtAPY1-GFP and immunogold labeling of AtAPY1-GFP. Activity assays with AtAPY1-GFP revealed GDP, UDP and IDP as substrates, but neither ATP nor ADP. To determine if AtAPY1 is a soluble or membrane protein, microsomal membranes were isolated and treated with various solubilizing agents. Only SDS and urea (not alkaline or high salt conditions were able to release the AtAPY1 protein from microsomal membranes. Conclusions AtAPY1 is an integral Golgi protein with the substrate specificity typical for Golgi apyrases. It is

  16. Fatigue crack growth rate of API X70 steel pipelines under spectrum loading

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pipelines offer the most efficient way to transport bulk quantities of gas and oil, either from points of production to storage locations or from storage locations to distributed points of end use. As one of the main materials of west–east gas transmission pipes, X70 pipelines usually serve under variable amplitude loading (VAL). Base on the importance of in-service API X70 pipelines, it is important for the safe operation of this system to know its behaviour under VAL. This paper focuses on the ability of using the NASGRO model to predict the fatigue crack growth (FCG), based on investigation with the modified Wheeler model and experimental data. The results show that the NASGRO model give a fatigue life near by to that published in literatures and also showed the FCG rate response of X70 pipeline steels when exposed to VAL with different overload values. Extra modification to the NASGRO model may lead to better representing of FCG rate. Highlights: ► The assessment of fatigue crack propagation under different load histories are proposed and presented in this paper. ► Due to lack of knowledge in the related area, as yet no universal model exists. ► The output was based on both simulation and experiments. The simulation part was carried out based on the NASGRO model. ► This work focus on fatigue crack growth (FCG) and fatigue life based on the comparison with the previous work.

  17. Homology differences between complete Sacbrood virus genomes from infected Apis mellifera and Apis cerana honeybees in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Kondreddy Eswar; Yoo, Mi Sun; Kim, Young-Ha; Kim, Nam-Hee; Ramya, Mummadireddy; Jung, Ha-Na; Thao, Le Thi Bich; Lee, Hee-Soo; Kang, Seung-Won

    2016-04-01

    Sacbrood virus (SBV) represents a serious threat to the health of managed honeybees. We determined four complete SBV genomic sequences (AmSBV-Kor1, AmSBV-Kor2, AcSBV-Kor3, and AcSBV-Kor4) isolated from Apis mellifera and Apis cerana in various regions of South Korea. A phylogenetic tree was constructed from the complete genomic sequences of these Korean SBVs (KSBVs) and 21 previously reported SBV sequences from other countries. Three KSBVs (not AmSBV-Kor1) clustered with previously reported Korean genomes, but separately from SBV genomes from other countries. The KSBVs shared 90-98 % identity, and 89-97 % identity with the genomes from other countries. AmSBV-Kor1 was least similar (~90 % identity) to the other KSBVs, and was most similar to previously reported strains AmSBV-Kor21 (97 %) and AmSBV-UK (93 %). Phylogenetic analysis of the partial VP1 region sequences indicated that SBVs clustered by host species and country of origin. The KSBVs were aligned with nine previously reported complete SBV genomes and compared. The KSBVs were most different from the other genomes at the end of the 5' untranslated region and in the entire open reading frame. A SimPlot graph of the VP1 region confirmed its high variability, especially between the SBVs infecting A. mellifera and A. cerana. In this genomic region, SBVs from A. mellifera species contain an extra continuous 51-nucleotide sequence relative to the SBVs from A. cerana. This genomic diversity may reflect the adaptation of SBV to specific hosts, viral cross-infections, and the spatial distances separating the KSBVs from other SBVs. PMID:26810400

  18. Efficiency of local Indonesia honey bees (Apis cerana L.) and stingless bee (Trigona iridipennis) on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) pollination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putra, Ramadhani Eka; Kinasih, Ida

    2014-01-01

    Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is considered as one of major agricultural commodity of Indonesia farming. However, monthly production is unstable due to lack of pollination services. Common pollinator agent of tomatoes is bumblebees which is unsuitable for tropical climate of Indonesia and the possibility of alteration of local wild plant interaction with their pollinator. Indonesia is rich with wild bees and some of the species already domesticated for years with prospect as pollinating agent for tomatoes. This research aimed to assess the efficiency of local honey bee (Apis cerana L.) and stingless bee (Trigona iridipennis), as pollinator of tomato. During this research, total visitation rate and total numbers of pollinated flowers by honey bee and stingless bee were compared between them with bagged flowers as control. Total fruit production, average weight and size also measured in order to correlated pollination efficiency with quantity and quality of fruit produced. Result of this research showed that A. cerana has slightly higher rate of visitation (p>0.05) and significantly shorter handling time (p honey bee pollinated tomato flowers more efficient pollinator than stingless bee (80.3 and 70.2% efficiency, respectively; p 0.05). Based on the results, it is concluded that the use of Apis cerana and Trigona spp., for pollinating tomatoes in tropical climates could be an alternative to the use of non-native Apis mellifera and bumblebees (Bombus spp.). However, more researches are needed to evaluate the cost/benefit on large-scale farming and greenhouse pollination using both bees against other bee species and pollination methods. PMID:24783783

  19. Estudio del daño por hidrógeno en uniones soldadas de un acero API 5L X52

    OpenAIRE

    Réquiz, R.; Camero, S.; Aristizabal, V.; A. Rivas

    2008-01-01

    The main objective of the present investigation was to study the susceptibility to hydrogen damage on a type API 5L X52 steel welded by electrical resistance. Several techniques, such as hydrogen permeation and cathodic charging were used. The metallic material was characterized using SEM and TEM. The base metal microstructure was very similar to that one corresponding to the welded area. This microstructure was mainly comprised by ferrite and perlite, differing only in the grain size. Theref...

  20. AgentAPI: an API for the development of managed agents

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Rui Pedro; Oliveira, José

    2003-01-01

    Managed agents, namely SNMP agents, costs too much to develop, test and maintain. Although assuming simplicity since its origins, the SNMP model has several intrinsic aspects that make the development of management applications a complex task. However, there are tools available which intend to simplify this process by generating automatic code based on the management information definition. Unfortunately, these tools are usually complicated to use and require a strong background of programmin...