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Sample records for aparato estatal una

  1. Tratamiento de una maloclusión clase II división 1 utilizando un aparato expansor y exodoncias de 4 primeras premolares / Tratamiento de una maloclusión clase II división 2 tipo B utilizando un aparato distalizador / Tratamiento de camuflaje de una maloclusión clase III con exodoncia de un incisivo central inferior / Tratamiento de una maloclusión clase I por biprotrusión y DAD con exodoncias de 4 primeras premolares / Tratamiento de una maloclusión clase I por DAD con extracciones asimétricas

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    González Torres, Carlos Rodrigo

    2015-01-01

    Describe el tratamiento de cinco casos clínicos de ortodoncia, atendidos en la Clínica Especializada de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de San Martín de Porres durante el periodo Agosto 2009 - Marzo 2012, tratándose de: 1. Tratamiento de una maloclusión clase II división 1 utilizando un aparato expansor y exodoncias de 4 primeras premolares. 2. Tratamiento de una maloclusión clase II división 2 tipo B utilizando un aparato distalizador. 3. Tratamiento de camuflaje de una...

  2. Prevalencia del dolor del aparato locomotor en trabajadores que manipulan carga en una empresa de servicios aeroportuarios y mensajería especializada en Cartagena (Colombia

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    Lilia Carmona Portocarrero

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y el comportamiento de dolor musculoesquelético en trabajadores que manipulan y levantan cargas de una empresa de servicios de mensajería especializada y servicios aeroportuarios mediante aplicación del Cuestionario Nórdico. Materiales y métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo. Se aplicó el Cuestionario Nórdico a 74 hombres de 98 manipuladores de carga de una empresa de servicios aeropor- tuarios, sin límite en el tiempo de labor ni en la edad. Se evaluó las condiciones de trabajo para riesgo ergonómico. La información se analizó mediante el paquete estadístico SPSS versión 16.0®, y se obtuvo frecuencias simples para variables cualitativas, además de ob- tener medidas de tendencia central y dispersión en las variables cuantitativas. Resultados: Se encontró que la prevalencia de dolor musculoesquelético de la población objeto de estudio fue del 88 % (65 trabajadores; 42 trabajadores presentaron dolor en más de un segmento corporal y 23 solo en uno. La región lumbar tuvo la mayor prevalencia, con el 70 % (52 casos, seguida por muñecas/ manos, con el 30 % (22 casos, y cuello, con el 28 % (21 casos, en el mismo periodo. Conclusiones: Se recomienda, entre otros aspectos, generar medidas de control en el in- dividuo y en el ambiente de trabajo, como la capacitación activa y frecuente de los traba- jadores que están expuestos; además, la creación de herramientas que mejoren el sistema de manipulación de cargas y equipos de trabajo que disminuyan el esfuerzo físico. Palabras clave: Musculoesquelético, lesiones, salud laboral, trabajo.

  3. Efectos de los aparatos propulsores mandibulares fijos en la articulación temporomandibular

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    Palomino-Gómez, Sandra P; Almeida, Kelei M; de Mello, Patricia B; Restrepo, Manuel; Ravelr, Dirceu B

    2014-01-01

    Resumen Los aparatos propulsores mandibulares fijos son una alternativa en el tratamiento de la maloclusión Clase II con deficiencia mandibular. La propiedad de ser fijo, condiciona a la mandíbula a una posición anterior forzada en reposo y durante todas las funciones mandibulares. Cuando se utiliza un aparato de propulsión, la mandíbula se desplaza hacia delante y hacia abajo. Este movimiento conduce a una nueva posición al cóndilo, que puede afectar el funcionamiento normal de la articulaci...

  4. Aparatos funcionales fijos - propulsores mandibulares

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    Márquez Pinto, Leslie Verónica

    2017-01-01

    La maloclusión de clase II, es la desarmonía dentoesquelética más frecuente en la población por ello se han creado distintos tipos de tratamientos ortopédicos para dar soluciones que puedan ayudar al paciente a fomentar el equilibrio y armonía en las estructuras tanto esqueletales, dentales y óseas. Esta maloclusión, se caracteriza por una relación distal de la arcada inferior con respecto a la superior, que puede deberse a displasias óseas, a un movimiento hacia mesial del arco dentario y lo...

  5. Las manos derechas del Estado y el capital guerrero: una etnografía de los aparatos represivos frente al fenómeno de las bandas juveniles en la España contemporánea

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    Luca Queirolo Palmas

    2014-01-01

    En España el asunto de las bandas es un objeto-problema que desde 2003 instituye y anticipa la producción de un discurso público sobre la juventud de origen migrante;  un hecho social y una narrativa mediática que permiten fijar el carácter “peligroso” de nuevos sujetos circulantes en el espacio urbano y vincularlos con una etnicidad supuestamente definitoria (las bandas latinas). A partir de 2004, la mano derecha del Estado se dedica a vigilar, castigar, corregir estas categorías de jóvenes....

  6. Estados débiles o conceptos fallidos. Por una definición teórica del orden estatal

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    Sandra Hincapié Jiménez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se plantea una discusión teórica sobre la configuración del orden estatal. En primer lugar, se examina la tradición politológica latinoamericana respecto a los estudios de transición y consolidación democrática , y en los últimos años centrada en las explicaciones de los estados capturados y estados fallidos . En segundo lugar, se retoma la discusión teórica del Estado desde una perspectiva relacional. Por último, se propone un modelo analítico del orden estatal, en el cual se incorporan el conflicto social y las dinámicas contenciosas como aspectos fundamentales de su estructuración.

  7. Las manos derechas del Estado y el capital guerrero: una etnografía de los aparatos represivos frente al fenómeno de las bandas juveniles en la España contemporánea

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    Luca Queirolo Palmas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available En España el asunto de las bandas es un objeto-problema que desde 2003 instituye y anticipa la producción de un discurso público sobre la juventud de origen migrante;  un hecho social y una narrativa mediática que permiten fijar el carácter “peligroso” de nuevos sujetos circulantes en el espacio urbano y vincularlos con una etnicidad supuestamente definitoria (las bandas latinas. A partir de 2004, la mano derecha del Estado se dedica a vigilar, castigar, corregir estas categorías de jóvenes. El artículo pretende explorar la relación entre la producción de las bandas como objeto y problema social y el uso de un capital guerrero por parte de las instituciones penales-policiales en el tentativo de hacer desaparecer  estas formas de agrupaciones callejeras. La base empírica del texto se sustenta en una larga experiencia de trabajo etnográfico realizado entre las bandas policiales y las bandas callejeras en Madrid y Barcelona.

  8. Prevalencia de obesidad e hipercolesterolemia en trabajadores de una institución estatal de Lima - Perú

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    Ángel Rosas A

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de obesidad e hipercolesterolemia en los trabajadores de una institución estatal de Lima - Perú. Materiales y métodos: en este estudio transversal analítico, evaluamos 359 trabajadores, que acudieron a su examen médico anual respectivo entre octubre y diciembre de 2001. A cada sujeto se le determinó peso y talla y se le tomó una muestra de 5 mL de sangre en ayunas. Se definió sobrepeso como índice de masa corporal (IMC25 y <30, obesidad como IMC30 e hipercolesterolemia como colesterol total sérico 200 mg/dL. Resultados: las prevalencias de obesidad y sobrepeso fueron 17,9% y 46,8%, respectivamente. Se encontró 123 (34,7% sujetos con hipercolesterolemia. Las proporciones de sujetos con valores anormales de colesterol fueron: para HDL-C 0,0%, LDL-C 29,7%, triglicéridos 19,5%, CT/HDL-C 24,9% y LDL-C/HDL-C 16,7%. El sexo masculino, la edad mayor de 50 años y la condición de sedentario estuvieron asociadas con obesidad (p<0,05. El sexo masculino y la edad mayor de 40 años estuvieron asociadas con valores anormales de lípidos séricos. Los valores de colesterol total, LDL-C, triglicéridos, CT/HDL-C y LDL-C/HDL-C fueron significativamente mayores en los sujetos obesos (p<0,05. El nivel de HDL-C fue mayor en el grupo con peso adecuado (p<0,05. Conclusiones: la obesidad e hipercolesterolemia son patologías relevantes en esta población laboral. Se recomienda establecer programas de prevención de factores de riesgo cardiovascular y modificación de estilos de vida en esta población.

  9. UN NUEVO MECANISMO DE DEFENSA DEL APARATO URINARIO.

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    Pablo Gómez Martinez

    1984-07-01

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    Son muchos los trabajos publicados que explican la resistencia natural del aparato urinario a la infección y las maneras como se defiende. Basta citar unos cuantos para demostrar que ninguno de ellos es plenamente satisfactorio: la naturaleza del epitelio, la evacuación completa del sistema excretor, el factor intrínseco vesical, el lavado hacia el exterior (wash
    out de Hinman, los mucoproteídos, la resistencia del paciente, la virulencia del germen infectante, son mecanismos comúnmente citados como factores en contra del proceso infeccioso.

    Sin embargo, hay que tener en cuenta que la infección no se produce si el organismo es inmune a agentes microbianos, y que si se desarrolla, es porque este mecanismo humoral está disminuido o ausente o alterado, o porque otros, posiblemente existentes, no han sido capaces de vencer el ataque infeccioso al individuo.

    Una vez establecida la infección, los mismos agentes bacterianos obran como antígenos capaces de producir anticuerpos, es decir, de desencadenar el proceso inmunológico que permitirá al paciente salir airoso de la lucha, o modificar la evolución clínica de la
    enfermedad.

    Ya sea natural o adquirida, generala local, la inmunidad es la que en esencia y básicamente, juega un papel de primera magnitud en la defensa del aparato urinario.

    Mecanismo inmunológico local. Hasta hace poco tiempo, la inmunología se ocupaba principalmente de la respuesta serológica a la infección, tanto en el hombre como en los animales y trataba de producir su inmunidad administrando una gran variedad de antígenos
    cuya respuesta se mide por el título de los anticuerpos producidos en el suero, como prueba de la eficacia del proceso. Nadie puede negar que la vacunación ha sido uno de los grandes triunfos de la humanidad en su lucha contra las epidemias.

    Sin embargo, estudios más recientes han demostrado que, aunque puede existir una relaci

  10. Una estrategia basada en modelos para el diagnóstico de fallas en el estator del motor de inducción

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    Cristian H. De Angelo

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Se presenta una estrategia para el diagnóstico de fallas en el estator de los motores de inducción mediante la información contenida en las tensiones y corrientes de alimentación. La estrategia propuesta está basada en la generación de un vector de residuos específicos por medio de un observador de estados, el cual permite detectar la fase dañada y cuantificar el ńumero de espiras en cortocircuito. La estrategia de diagnóstico es muy poco sensible a los cambios de carga o perturbaciones de la red de alimentación tales como armónicos o desbalances. Palabras clave: Diagnóstico de fallas, fallas en el estator, motor de inducción

  11. Reparación de la insuficiencia mitral funcional mediante abordaje del aparato subvalvular. Resultados a medio plazo

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    Álvaro Pedraz-Prieto

    2017-07-01

    Conclusiones: El abordaje del aparato subvalvular en la reparación de la insuficiencia mitral funcional se presenta como una alternativa válida en el tratamiento de este tipo de insuficiencia, ofreciendo buenos resultados en lo que a evolución postoperatoria y tasa de recidiva a medio plazo se refiere.

  12. Comportamiento clínico del síndrome dolor disfunción del aparato temporomandibular en una consulta de urgencias estomatológicas Clinical behavior of the dysfunction pain temporomandibular joint syndrome assessed in a Stomatology emergence consultation

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    Yudit Algozaín Acosta

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el síndrome dolor disfunción del aparato temporomandibular (SDDAT comprende el conjunto de signos y síntomas como resultado de las alteraciones cuantitativas y cualitativas de la función de los componentes del aparato masticatorio. Se presenta con frecuencia y resulta molesto para el paciente, por lo que se realiza este estudio, con el objetivo de caracterizarlo clínicamente. Métodos: se realizó un estudio prospectivo, descriptivo, de corte transversal, con los pacientes que acudieron al Servicio de Urgencias de la Clínica Estomatológica de Artemisa, en el período comprendido entre julio de 2007 hasta marzo de 2008 con el diagnóstico de SDDAT. Resultados: del total de pacientes atendidos solo el 1,1 % presentó un diagnóstico de SDDAT. El intervalo de edad de mayor frecuencia fue el de 22 a 59 años, el dolor a la masticación y el ruido articular fueron el síntoma y el signo predominante, respectivamente. Se identificaron como factores de riesgo principales el estrés y el bruxismo. Más del 67 % de los pacientes eran del sexo femenino, en las cuales apareció la mayor recurrencia del síndrome. Conclusiones: la población del municipio de Artemisa presentó una baja incidencia del SDDAT en la consulta de urgencias estomatológicas, encontrándose una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el sexo femenino y la aparición de este síndrome, donde el estrés desempeña un papel importante.Introduction: Dysfunction pain temporomandibular joint syndrome (DPTJS includes signs and symptoms as a result of quantitative and qualitative alterations of the masticatory tract component function. Is frequently present and annoying for patient, thus we made this study to clinically characterize it. Methods: We made a cross-sectional, descriptive and prospective study of patients seen in Emergence Service of Stomatology Clinic in Artemisa municipality from July, 2007 and March, 2008 diagnosing DPTJS. Results: From the

  13. Corrosión en soldaduras de aparatos de ortodoncia

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    Vázquez, S. M.

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available The study of corrosion-related problems of dental materials has undergone a considerable development in recent years in order to avoid the use of materials with insufficient corrosion resistance in patients' mouth. The subject of the present work was to study a particular type of corrosion: galvanic corrosion. One of the most common case of galvanic couples in patients' mouth are the orthodontic appliances. The materials studied in the present work were stainless steel strips and silver-copper wires, isolated and welded between them. The electrochemical tests were performed in a NaCl 0.1M and Lactic Acid 0.1M solution (pH 2.3, and after test, the specimens were observed using the optical and scanning electron microscope. The results show that when stainless steel is coupled with a silver solder, the last is the anode of the galvanic couple. As a consequence of this, the silver solder undergone a severe attack. Stainless steel orthodontic appliances with silver solder are feasibly destroyed due to a severe attack on the filler metal disjoining the welded parts.

    En los últimos años se ha desarrollado considerablemente el estudio de los problemas relacionados con la corrosión de aleaciones dentales a efectos de evitar la utilización de materiales con una deficiente resistencia a la corrosión en la boca de los pacientes. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue estudiar la corrosión de aparatos de ortodoncia fabricados con acero inoxidable con soldadura por punto o por aporte de aleación de plata. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que cuando el acero inoxidable contiene aportes de soldadura de material de base plata, ésta actúa como ánodo disolviéndose preferencialmente a una velocidad considerable. Los aparatos de ortodoncia construidos con acero inoxidable soldado con aporte de material de base plata, corren el riesgo de destrucción debido a un ataque intenso en el cordón de soldadura con el consiguiente despegue de las piezas

  14. Hacia una cultura de gestión del riesgo desde la formación universitaria en la Universidad Estatal de Bolívar, Ecuador

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    MSc. Oswaldo López-Bravo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El alcance global de la ocurrencia de eventos adversos, mucho de los cuales desembocan en desastres, su reiterada y cada vez más persistente presencia, la incidencia negativa de estos en las personas ⎯especialmente cuando estas no se encuentranpreparadas⎯, así como el estatus de zona de riesgo que ostenta el Ecuador sitúan su Sistema de Educación Superior ante nuevos retos, demandando una formación cultural integral de sus futuros profesionales, que incluya la educación ambiental. El trabajo expone la historia, así como las nuevas necesidades de la carrera de Administración para Desastres y Gestión del Riesgo, en la universidad Estatal de Bolívar, Ecuador, con el objetivo de potenciar y fortalecer una cultura de gestión del riesgo, con el uso de las metodologías que se encuentran a nuestro alcance, para garantizar la adecuada gestión de los riesgos de desastres.

  15. Anatomía del Aparato Locomotor, 2010-11

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    Juanes Méndez, Juan Antonio

    2010-01-01

    I. Materiales de clase: 1.Sistema Oseo. Las Articulaciones: definición, clasificaciones; 2.Esqueleto Axial; 3.Esqueleto Apendicular; 4. Organización del sistema nervioso periférico. Inervación del Aparato Locomotor; 5. Sistema muscular. II. Bibliografía y atlas Establecer la correlación morfofuncional del aparato locomotor necesaria para la deducción deficitaria derivada de las alteraciones de la dinámica osteoarticular. Esta asignatura se imparte en el primer curso del Grado en Terapia Oc...

  16. La cessió de sòl públic dotacional per a l'obertura de centres docents concertats: una nova manifestació de l'Estat garant

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    Juan José Guardia Hernández

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available L'última reforma de la Llei orgànica d'educació acull una nova fórmula de suport a l'ensenyament privat sostingut amb fons públics a Espanya: la cessió de sòl públic per a la construcció i gestió de centres docents concertats. Aquesta operació sembla respondre a diverses tendències. En primer lloc, a la redistribució de tasques entre Estat i societat, per a una major racionalització del sector públic. En segon lloc, a una major tutela de la llibertat d'ensenyament reconegut a l'article 27 de la CE. Amb tot, aquesta evolució des de l'Estat prestacional a l'Estat garant requereix observar certes cauteles derivades de la naturalesa jurídica dels concerts escolars, en especial la igualtat de tracte en l'accés a aquests.

  17. Etnofagia estatal. Modernas formas de violencia simbólica (una aproximación al análisis de la reforma educativa

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    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available ETHNOPHAGIE ETATIQUE. LES FORMES MODERNES DE LA VIOLENCE SYMBOLIQUE SUR LA CULTURE INDIGENE (ÉLEMENTS POUR UNE ANALYSE DE LA REFORME ÉDUCATIVE. C'est en 1994 qu'a été promulguée la réforme éducative qui incorpore l'interculturalité et le bilinguisme comme les éléments d'une politique éducative qui, en apparence, revendique les valeurs d'identité des nations d'origine et/ou indigènes. Cependant, les contenus éducatifs sont toujours imposés de la même manière, et on continue d'inculquer les mêmes paramètres de la culture dominante considérée comme la légitime. La seule différence avec le processus antérieur qui était transmis en langue espagnole, c'est que l'actuel est véhiculé à travers les langues vernaculaires ou indigènes. De cette façon, la classe dominante peut transmettre beaucoup plus rapidement la logique néo-libérale aux indigènes. Nous avons appelé ce nouveau phénomène d'intégration ethnophagie étatique qui est une forme moderne de l'exercice de la violence symbolique. En 1994 se dicta la reforma educativa, en donde se incorpora a la interculturalidad y el bilingüismo como una política educativa que, aparentemente, reivindica los valores de la identidad de las naciones originarias y/o indígenas. Sin embargo, en cuanto se refiere a los contenidos educativos, continúan imponiéndose e inculcándose los mismos significados de la cultura dominante considerada como legítima, sólo que a diferencia del anterior proceso que se inculcaba en idioma oficial castellano, ahora se realiza mediante el idioma vernáculo y/o nativo. De este modo la clase dominante va incorporando a los indígenas más aceleradamente a la lógica neoliberal. A este nuevo mecanismo de integración le hemos denominado etnofagia estatal, como una moderna forma del ejercicio de la violencia simbólica. STATE ETHNOPHAGY. MODERN FORMS OF SYMBOLIC VIOLENCE ON INDIGENOUS CULTURE (ELEMENTS OF ANALYSIS OF THE EDUCATIVE REFORM. In 1994

  18. CARACTERÍSTICAS ANÁTOMO-FUNCIONAL DEL APARATO RESPIRATORIO DURANTE LA INFANCIA

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    Dr. Carlos A. Asenjo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El sistema o aparato respiratorio, presenta diferencias significativas con el adulto, derivadas principalmente de su inmadurez anatómica y fisiológica. Esto le confiere gran labilidad funcional, tanto mayor cuanto menor es su edad. Como compensación, presenta abundancia e intensidad de síntomas en la falla respiratoria, que hace que las enfermedades respiratorias no pasen inadvertidas y merezcan especial atención, en forma precoz. Como excepción a la regla, los recién nacidos expresan pobremente el compromiso respiratorio. Sin embargo, la aparición de signos como apnea y bradicardia en presencia de hipoxemia, hecho inhabitual en el niño mayor, nos indican que la característica anterior no es permanente ni homogénea, otorgándole una condición única no concordante con la fisiología del organismo adulto. El conocimiento sobre las características anatómicas y funcionales de la vía aérea extra e intratorácica, nos va a permitir identificar precozmente las características fisiopatológicas que nos permitan sospechar una enfermedad en todo paciente pediátrico.

  19. Modificaciones en la articulación de fones en pacientes con aparato ortodóncico fijo lingual Speech changes in lingual orthodontic appliances patients

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    Pía Villanueva

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: el presente trabajo pretende evaluar el efecto de los aparatos ortodóncicos fijos linguales en la articulación de los fones, en pacientes que hablen español chileno, y la adaptación a estos efectos dentro del primer mes de uso de los aparatos. MÉTODOS: la muestra consistió en 13 pacientes que acudieron para instalación de aparato ortodóncico fijo lingual. Se realizó un examen fonoarticulatorio en condiciones estandarizadas, en 5 momentos diferentes: previo a la instalación de los aparatos fijos (E0, inmediatamente después de realizada esta (E1, a las 24 horas posteriores (E2, a los 7 días (E3 y un mes después de la instalación (E4. Se determinaron los fones afectados en los distintos momentos de examen respecto a la línea base dada por el examen previo, y se analizó su resolución. RESULTADOS: se observaron cambios significativos en el punto de articulación de los fones [d], [s] y [r] Los fones [d] y [s] mostraron una resolución favorable dentro del primer mes de uso de los aparatos. El fone vibrante múltiple [r] no mostró una recuperación de la alteración una vez cumplido un mes de uso de los aparatos ortodóncicos. CONCLUSIONES: la instalación de aparato ortodóncico fijo lingual produce modificaciones en el punto de articulación de los fones consonánticos, las cuales tienden a mejorar dentro del primer mes de uso de los aparatos, con excepción del fone vibrante múltiple [r].PURPOSE: this study evaluated the effect of lingual orthodontics appliances on speech performance in native Chilean spanish speakers, and their adaptation to these effects during the first month. METHODS: phone production was recorded in a standardized test, in 13 patients with lingual orthodontic brackets, in 5 different times: before (E0, immediately after (E1, within 24 hours after (E2, within 7 days after (E3 and 1 month after (E4 the placement of fixed orthodontic lingual appliances, for assessment by speech professionals. RESULTS

  20. Clave para diferenciar los géneros de Palmae en la Amazonía a partir del aparato vegetativo --- complementada por una breve descripción de los géneros, la distribución geográfica y ecológica, y los nombres vernáculos más comunes

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    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available CLE POUR DIFFERENCIER LES GENRES DE PALMAE EN AMAZONIE A PARTIR DE L’APPAREIL VEGETATIF COMPLETEE PAR UNE BREVE DESCRIPTION DES GENRES, LA DISTRIBUTION GEOGRAPHIQUE ET ECOLOGIQUE ET LES NOMS VERNACULAIRES LES PLUS COURANTS. Une clé de détermination des genres de palmiers de l’Amazonie est proposée. Elle n’utilise que des caractères végétatifs et s’applique aux plantules, juvéniles et adultes. 41 genres de palmiers sont traités. Une description sommaire de chaque genre est donnée avec des informations sur sa distribution géographique, son écologie, ses noms vernaculaires les plus communs. Se propone una clave analítica para diferenciar a partir de los caracteres vegetativos los géneros de palmeras de la cuenca amazónica. Esta clave se aplica tanto a las plántulas y juveniles como a los adultos. Se provee también una breve descripción de los 41 géneros considerados, con datos sobre la distribución geográfica, ecología, y nombres vernáculos. KEY FOR IDENTIFICATION OF AMAZONIAN PALM GENERA FROM VEGETATIVE CHARACTERS WITH A SUPPLEMENT INCLUDING SHORT DESCRIPTIONS OF GENERA, NOTES ON DISTRIBUTION AREAS AND ECOLOGY, AND THE MOST COMMON VERNACULAR NAMES. A key for identification of Amazonian palm genera from vegetative characters is proposed. It is applied to seedlings, juvenile and adult palms. 41 genera are treated. A short description of each genus with data on distribution, ecology, and vernacular names is given.

  1. Uso de la urografía por resonancia magnética en el estudio del aparato urinario frente a la urografía convencional

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    Ramos de Campos, M.; Juan Escudero, J.U.; Navalón Verdejo, P.; Ordoño Domínguez, F.; Fabuel Deltoro, M.; Zaragoza Orts, J.

    2007-01-01

    La urografía convencional (UIV) es una exploración fundamental en la valoración del aparato urinario no exenta de morbilidad, como reacciones adversas al contraste (vasovagales y anafilácticas), neurotoxicidad, nefrotoxicidad, así como la irradiación ionizante a la que somete al paciente. Por este motivo se desarrollan técnicas de imagen alternativas como la urografía por resonancia magnética (RM) o urorresonancia. Objetivos: Presentamos un estudio que valora la precisión diagnóstica, especif...

  2. Tres veces en la plaza: Escenificación de una ceremonia estatal de perdón público por actos de violencia paramilitar en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Ruiz Romero

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Los actos de violencia armada tienen la capacidad de resignificar los espacios alrededor de los cuales una comunidad ha construido su identidad social. En el pequeño poblado palafito de Nueva Venecia (Magdalena-Colombia, tres distintos actores armados (la guerrilla, los paramilitares de extrema derecha y la fuerza pública colombiana convocaron a la población, en tres distintos momentos, en el mismo espacio social: la plaza principal del pueblo. En la primera reunión, el primer grupo advirtió sobre la posibilidad de una masacre; en la segunda, los pobladores fueron víctimas y testigos de la forma en que el segundo grupo la ejecutaba; y en la tercera reunión, el tercer grupo ofrecía excusas por lo sucedido. El artículo analiza la forma en que estos tres actos determinaron tres marcas del continuum de la violencia sobre ese espacio nodal de memoria. El texto está organizado narrativamente alrededor del último de estos actos, cuando representantes del ejército y la policía colombianas ofician una ceremonia pública de perdón por la masacre paramilitar. El análisis de dicha ceremonia la revela más como un escenario donde los agentes de memorias enfrentadas despliegan dispositivos discursivos para legitimarse socialmente como un verdadero acto de reparación simbólica.

  3. Cómo hacer ciencia con aparatos. Un enfoque materialista de la física cuántica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLOS MADRID

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El énfasis en la práctica científica, procedente originariamente de la sociología de la ciencia y, más recientemente, de la historia y la filosofía de la ciencia, está produciendo una concepción de la ciencia dramáticamente nueva. La práctica científica dibuja dentro de la órbita de la ciencia no sólo teorías y modelos, sino también hechos, instrumentos, aparatos, máquinas y seres humanos. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la perspectiva experimentalista de pensar la física cuántica. Explico tres puntos de vista: el sociológico de Andrew Pickering, el epistemológico de Ian Hacking y el ontológico de Gustavo Bueno; quienes buscan moverse de la representación a la experimentación y la manipulación. Lo que distingue estas concepciones de la tradicional es que no comprenden la ciencia como una construcción en términos conceptuales y lingüísticos sino como una actividad social y material.

  4. Hacia una cultura de gestión del riesgo desde la formación universitaria en la Universidad Estatal de Bolívar, Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    MSc. Oswaldo López-Bravo; Dr. C. Jorge Montoya-Rivera

    2015-01-01

    El alcance global de la ocurrencia de eventos adversos, mucho de los cuales desembocan en desastres, su reiterada y cada vez más persistente presencia, la incidencia negativa de estos en las personas ⎯especialmente cuando estas no se encuentranpreparadas⎯, así como el estatus de zona de riesgo que ostenta el Ecuador sitúan su Sistema de Educación Superior ante nuevos retos, demandando una formación cultural integral de sus futuros profesionales, que incluya la educación ambiental. El trabajo ...

  5. OBSERVACIÓN METEOROLÓGICA SIN APARATOS. PROPUESTA DIDÁCTICA DE GEOGRAFÍA PARA EL ALUMNADO DEL PROGRAMA DE DIVERSIFICACIÓN CURRICULAR (PDC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alfonso Cruz Naïmi

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available La observación meteorológica sin aparatos puede ser una buena forma de enseñar geografía (en particular la climatología, a la vez que es una actividad donde se potencian una serie de aspectos educativos especialmente interesantes desde el punto de vista de la atención a la diversidad, y en concreto, para los alumnos de los Programas de Diversificación Cunicular. El componente procedimental de esta actividad y la necesaria implicación de los alumnos para su realización hacen que esta propuesta sea válida para ser llevada a cabo con este tipo de alumnos.

  6. www.esasuntodetodos.com: Una plataforma de intercambio y difusión para el Proyecto Intercátedras de la Escuela de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades de la Universidad Estatal a Distancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Bonilla Elizondo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo da cuenta de la estrategia de difusión planteada en el año 2012 para visualizar el Proyecto Intercátedras Es Asunto de Todos y Todas, ejecutado por la Escuela de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades de la Universidad Estatal a Distancia. En ese año, el Proyecto se enfocó hacia la prevención, mediante la educación y la comunicación, de todo tipo de violencias dirigidas a la niñez. Para ello se planearon proyectos de investigación estudiantiles desde las diferentes cátedras, un conversatorio con expertos en el área, eventos culturales y una plataforma web donde convergieran estos esfuerzos y se potenciara su desarrollo. La web www.esasunt etodos.com se convirtió en el centro de esa estrategia y perfiló nuevas posibilidades de extensión para la modalidad de educación a distancia. Dadas sus particularidades, la acción social dentro de dicha modalidad debe repensarse constantemente; como conclusión, se aventuran algunas líneas al respecto.

  7. Una gran medida de ‘opinio juris’ y práctica estatal al gusto: ¿la receta de la costumbre internacional contemporánea?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabián Augusto Cárdenas Castañeda

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La práctica social internacional del derecho internacional contemporáneo no corresponde totalmente a la práctica que existía al momento del establecimiento de la cij. El mundo de 1945 definitivamente no es igual al del siglo xxi. Esta realidad ha transformado indudablemente el derecho internacional y cada uno de sus componentes vertebrales, incluyendo la teoría de las fuentes y sus diversos tipos. Desde tal perspectiva, la presente investigación busca revisar el concepto tradicional de la costumbre internacional mediante el estudio de sus dos ingredientes, en particular de la opinio juris, la cual será puesta a prueba a través del uso de literatura y jurisprudencia jurídicas contemporáneas. Luego de exponer algunas de las más grandes dificultades del concepto clásico de la opinio juris, se hará una presentación de novedosos y actualizados conceptos de ella. Lo anterior llevará a demostrar si de hecho se requiere un desarrollo de la definición clásica de la opinio juris y si se puede sugerir que esta es el único ingrediente requerido en la receta de la costumbre internacional contemporánea.

  8. Cooperativas, crédito estatal y desarrollo rural. Una primera aproximación a su estudio en el caso de Córdoba (1940- 1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Olivera

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se ponen en relación los resultados del estudio sobre los incentivos materiales del accionar cooperativo con las tendencias de la economía agraria y familiar, en Córdoba, desde la década de 1940 a 1960.Los nuevos mecanismos de comercialización colectiva, en donde participaba la entidad de segundo grado FACA (Federación Argentina de Cooperativas Argentinas y a la cual estaban asociadas las cooperativas primarias adheridas a la Federación Agraria Argentina y, el Estado - a través del Instituto Argentino de Promoción al Intercambio- aumentaban el poder de negociación de los productores rurales. Por otro lado, las políticas crediticias provinciales fueron -ya desde el inicio del período considerado- favorables al sector agrario y cooperativo. Ambos factores -planteamos- actuaron como incentivos materiales al fortalecimiento de la economía familiar. Para analizar la economía agraria de los productores familiares trabajamos con datos censales a nivel micro-regional (departamento Tercero Arriba y contextualizamos este estudio con resultados de otras investigaciones sobre las regiones pampeanas cordobesa y nacional. Trabajamos también las prácticas cooperativas con memorias, balances y actas de las entidades de la micro-región y, realizamos una primera aproximación a las políticas crediticias provinciales a las cooperativas, a través de fuentes producidas y existentes en el Banco Provincia de Córdoba.In this article its put in a relationship the results of the study over the material incentives of cooperative action with the trends of rural and familiar economy, in Cordoba, between 1940 and 1960. The new mechanisms of colective commercialization, where the second grade entity FACA (Federación Argentina de Cooperativas Argentinas had a participation and to which were associated the primary cooperatives related to the Federación Agraria Argentina and, to the State -through the Instituto Argentino de Promoción al

  9. Outsourcing by Real Estate investors: chances for real estate managers?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, I.I.; Smits, M.

    2008-01-01

    In the Netherlands outsourcing real estate management by institutional investors is not generally accepted. Since real estate investment became common use by institutional investors about 1960, investors started their own real estate management departments. Only property management regarding daily

  10. Los bloques gemelos: Uso y construcción del aparato convencional The twin blocks: Use and construction of the conventional appliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca Fernández Ysla

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available La técnica de los bloques gemelos fue desarrollada por el doctor escocés Clark durante los años 1980. Estos aparatos reposicionan la mandíbula y redirigen las fuerzas oclusales. Están construidos en una mordida protrusiva que permite modificar eficazmente el plano inclinado oclusal por medio de planos inclinados de plástico o de acrílico colocados sobre los bloques de mordida oclusales. Son cómodos y deben ser usados todo el tiempo incluyendo el momento de las comidas, con el objetivo de fomentar la función mandibular protrusiva. El tratamiento consta de 2 fases: una activa donde se corrige el resalte y la sobremordida y otra de apoyo o mantenimiento, donde se garantiza la estabilidad de los resultados. Con el uso del aparato convencional s e logran resultados fantásticos en el tratamiento de la clase II división 1 en períodos relativamente cortos de tiempo.The twin block technique was developed by the Scottish Dr. Clark during the 1980s. These appliances reposition the jaw and redirect the occlusal forces. They are constructed in protrusive bite that allow to efficiently modify the occlusal inclined plane by means of plastic or acrylic inclined planes placed on the blocks of occlusal bites. They are comfortable and they should be used all the time, including the meal time in order to foster the protrusive mandibular function. The treatment has 2 stages: an active one, where the overjet and the overbite are corrected, and the support or maintainance stage that guarantee the stability of the results. Fantastic results are attained by using the conventional appliance in the treatment of class II division I malocclusion in relatively short periods of time.

  11. La regulación estatal de la actividad económica a través del gasto público

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corredor Martínez Consuelo

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available Con frecuencia los estudios sobre finanzas públicas dan por sentada la existencia del Estado, sin hacer explícita la concepción acerca de su naturaleza, sus funciones y sus límites. Para adelantar el examen del gasto público los tratadistas se contentan las más de las veces con una descripción de las funciones del Estado, relegando su explicación. El aparato de Estado es la forma de organización para adelantar las funciones derivadas de su naturaleza. Las administraciones públicas y las empresas públicas contituyen las formas concretas de organización estatal. Lo anterior pone de presente la necesidad de avanzar en la construcción
    de la teoría del Estado, para así poder comprender la organización estatal; su razón de ser y su quehacer, así como los factores que determinan y limitan sus finanzas. El camino inverso, que es el que se ha seguido, estrecha y tergiversa la problemática de las finanzas públicas y las reduce al frío análisis de los ingresos y gastos públicos: Estado y economía se relacionan en forma inmediata, principalmente por la vía del gasto público, sin examinar éste como la materialización parcial de las funciones del Estado. El gasto público se debe examinar, en nuestro entender, no como la forma de intervención del Estado en la economía, sino como un medio de regulación.

  12. AUTORÍA MEDIATA A TRAVÉS DE APARATOS ORGANIZADOS DE PODER. TRAS LA SOMBRA DEL MANDO FUGITIVO: DEL DOMINIO Y LA INSTRUMENTALIZACIÓN DEL DELITO.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Huertas Díaz

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available La figura de la autoría mediata surge, en principio, por la necesidad de llenar vacíos en el derecho penal alemán como consecuencia de una visión restrictiva del concepto de autor, por lo que esta figura fue desarrollándose de forma paulatina, pues más allá de los derroteros conceptuales y doctrinales se evidenció como una construcción jurídicamente viable para determinar la responsabilidad penal de los mediadores en el régimen nazi, a través de la teoría de la autoría mediata en aparatos organizados de poder. En este sentido, la referencia que de ella se hace dentro de las disposiciones del ordenamiento jurídico colombiano se evidencia en el artículo 29 del actual Código Penal, en el sentido de que se estipula que es autor quien realice la conducta punible utilizando a otro como instrumento. Con ello, esta teoría, planteada en principio por Claux Roxin, se aplica como una necesidad de abordar problemas como la determinación de la responsabilidad penal de los diversos mandos directivos de una estructura jerárquica y organizada para la comisión de crímenes.

  13. Panorama de la violencia estatal en las entidades federativas mexicanas

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Aguirre, Manuel Ernesto

    2018-01-01

    Resumen: ¿Qué factores inciden en la violencia estatal de las entidades federativas mexicanas en el nivel estatal de gobierno? Desde la perspectiva del modelo maximizador (cálculo costo-beneficio), este artículo analiza la influencia de la democracia electoral y las capacidades estatales sobre la violencia estatal en México, aprovechando la heterogeneidad de las entidades federativas mexicanas. A partir de la estimación de modelos estadísticos con una base original de datos tipo panel, el te...

  14. UNA NUEVA GESTIÓN PÚBLICA PARA AMÉRICA LATINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Consejo Científico CLAD

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available La reforma del Estado se ha convertido en el tema central de la agenda política mundial. El origen de este proceso tuvo lugar cuando el modelo de Estado montado por los países desarrollados en la postguerra, propulsor de una era de prosperidad sin precedentes en el capitalismo, entró en crisis hacia fines de la década de 1970. En un primer momento, la respuesta a la crisis fue la neoliberal-conservadora. Dada la imperiosa necesidad de reformar el Estado, restablecer su equilibrio fiscal y equilibrar la balanza de pagos de los países en crisis, se aprovechó la oportunidad para proponer simplemente la reducción del tamaño del Estado y el predominio total del mercado. La propuesta, sin embargo, tenía poco sentido desde el punto de vista económico y político. En efecto, después de algún tiempo se constató que la solución no estaría en el desmantelamiento del aparato estatal, sino en su reconstrucción.Se trata de construir un Estado para enfrentar los nuevos desafíos de la sociedad post-industrial, un Estado para el siglo XXI, que además de garantizar el cumplimiento de los contratos económicos, debe ser lo suficientemente fuerte como para asegurar los derechos sociales y la competitividad de cada país en el escenario internacional. Se busca, de este modo, una tercera vía entre el laissez-faire neoliberal y el antiguo modelo social-burocrático de intervención estatal.

  15. Aportes al desarrollo sostenible desde la identificación de la problemática de los residuos de aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos hospitalarios en 24 hospitales de Bogotá-Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Franky, María Carolina

    2017-01-01

    Artículo (Maestría en Desarrollo Sostenible y Medio Ambiente). Universidad de Manizales. Facultad de Ciencias Contables, Económicas y Administrativas. CIMAD, 2016 Los residuos de aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos - RAEE tipo biomédicos, tienen diferencias en cuanto a cantidades generadas en cada hospital y en las formas de darles manejo, lo cual trae como consecuencia riesgos para el ambiente y salud. Se pretende conocer la problemática generando una propuesta de aportes al desarrollo sos...

  16. Radiodiagnóstico Física de los Rayos X – Aparatos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Esguerra G.

    1993-04-01

    , doctor Jaime Jaramillo, eficazmente secundado por los señores Miembros del Consejo Directivo, doctores Cuéllar Durán, Uribe, Acosta y Almánzar. A todos y a cada uno de ellos quiero manifestarles mi más profundo y espontáneo agradecimiento por la honrosa designación que me hicieron.

    El hecho de figurar desde hoy en la lista de los profesores de la Facultad de Medicina, cuyos nombres son orgullo de la ciencia médica nacional, me llena de satisfacción y de entusiasmo.

    Debiera comenzar, como es de costumbre, por hacer la apología de mi antecesor en esta cátedra; pero como la ciencia de la Radiología es tan reciente que todo su progreso se ha llevado a cabo exclusivamente en el siglo en que vivimos, esto explica el que no haya lugar a lamentar hoy la desaparición de uno de nuestros maestros.

    Pero en cambio, me parece justo recordar en esta ocasión a dos colegas muy distinguidos, con quienes me ligan vínculos de amistad y de cariño, por haber sido ellos los iniciadores del radiodiagnóstico en la ciudad de Bogotá; me refiero a los doctores Isaac Rodríguez y Germán Reyes. Con una fe y un entusiasmo que los honra; venciendo numerosas dificultades, y en un momento en que la técnica radiológica no había alcanzado la perfección que hoy tiene, los doctores Reyes y Rodríguez instalaron y pusieron en servicio los primeros aparatos de Rayos X en la ciudad de Bogotá.

    Hasta ellos quiero hacer llegar en este día un recuerdo cariñoso de admiración y simpatía. y mal podría olvidar a quien fue mi maestro e iniciador en estos estudios: muchos de ustedes recordarán, en el año 1920, al profesor André J. Richard, profundo clínico, conocedor como el que más de la ciencia de la radiología, insigne maestro y grande organizador, que puso al servicio el Laboratorio de Rayos X del Hospital de San Juan de Dios; y al profesor Martín Weiser, que hasta hace pocos años nos acompañó en esta ciudad; caballero a carta cabal, para quien la ciencia

  17. PLANNING OF THE MODERN ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Татьяна Борисовна Капкина

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Research objective - to reveal the main functional zones of the modern estate, their place in the territorial organization of estates taking into account typology of the estate, feature of use and level of economic development of a family. Are allocated a prefarmstead zone, entrance, economic and household structures, recreational, garden and garden cultures and a garden. The areas of functional zones depending on estate type are given. The complex solution of planning of the estate taking into account an external environment of the estate is proposed.

  18. Trust and Estate Planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrington, Brooke

    2012-01-01

    looks at the ways professionals participate in the creation of stratification regimes. Trust and estate planners do this by sheltering their clients' assets from taxation, thereby preserving private wealth for future generations. Using tools such as trusts, offshore banks, and shell corporations......, these professionals keep a significant portion of the world’s private wealth beyond the reach of the state. Trust and estate planning thus contributes to creating and maintaining socioeconomic inequality on a global scale. The significance of the profession has grown as wealth itself has become more fungible...

  19. Morfología del aparato reproductor del picoroco Austromegabalanus psittacus (Molina, 1782 (Cirripedia, Balanidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina Contreras

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Descripción morfológica de las estructuras reproductivas de Austromegabalanus psittacus en dos periodos de maduración sexual. Se determinó que es un organismo hermafrodita que transfiere sus espermatozoides mediante un órgano intromitente o pene. El aparato reproductor masculino consta de testículos organizados en acinos que se distribuyen arboriformemente, dos conductos deferentes que se unen en la base del pene para formar el conducto eyaculador. El aparato reproductor femenino consiste principalmente en un ovario sacular que rodea al resto del cuerpo y se encuentra adherido a través de musculatura a la base de las placas operculares. Se organiza internamente en sacos acinares elongados que contienen ovogonias y ovocitos previtelogénicos adheridos a su pared y vitelogénicos y maduros libres dentro del lumen. Se observaron diferencias notorias en los ovarios entre los organismos recolectados en septiembre y octubre. En septiembre presentaron coloración amarillenta y en su interior se encontraron dos estructuras compactas denominadas lamelas ovígeras en cuyo interior se observaron ovocitos fecundados, embriones en diferentes estados de desarrollo y nauplius libres en la cavidad corporal; en octubre los ovarios son gruesos, blanquecinos y con gran cantidad de fluido lechoso en su interior.

  20. Real Estate in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rimmer, Nina Røhr

    2016-01-01

    A general introduction to buying, owning and selling Property i Denmark. The cost of buying and selling property and the tax implications as well as the general concept of real estate is introduced. The paper includes also a brief introduction to some of the aspects which you should beware of when...

  1. La influencia de las guerras civiles sobre la represión estatal en posguerras

    OpenAIRE

    Herreros, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    En este artículo se analizan los determinantes de la represión estatal en posguerras. Su argumento principal es que ciertas dinámicas de las guerras civiles explican la variación en represión estatal en la posguerra. Para comprobar la influencia de las guerras civiles en la represión estatal, se emplea una base de datos que incluye a todos los países que han experimentado una guerra civil en el período 1976-2009. Los resultados muestran que una victoria rebelde en la guerra o un compromiso en...

  2. REAL ESTATE PURCHASE AGREEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bujorel FLOREA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study presented herein represents a field with good present and future perspectives, especially because real estate property is not under the incidence of a single normative act regarding the sale-purchase agreement of such goods, and given the fact that there are specific legal provisions with respect to various real estate categories and the localization of such property. The article deals with the sale-purchase agreement of various real estate categories, such as fields, buildings, the correspondent lots, urban area, farm, and forests fields, focusing on some particularities. A special care is attributed to examining the applicable laws with regard to the purchase agreements of field lands, the special conditions to be taken into account, the persons that may act as buyers, including foreigners, those without citizenship, and legal persons of a nationality other than Romanian. Finally, a special concern is given to the formalities required for legally exerting the pre-emptive right and the applicable sanctions in that respect.

  3. Apuntes acerca del aparato fiscal en el estado de Santander: aguardientes y clientelas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nectalí Ariza Ariza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata aspectos del aparato fiscal agenciado por los liberales en el Estado de Santander durante la época federal (1857 – 1886 y de la realidad social que trasluce dicha fiscalidad. En ese tiempo los gravámenes no producían lo suficiente para cubrir los gastos de la administración y los liberales gobernaron con un constante déficit. Al indagar por las causas, entre otras aparecen: pobreza generalizada, inexistencia de cultura fiscal, incertidumbre acerca de los volúmenes de riqueza; además, los mecanismos de recaudo y gasto estaban mediados por un exacerbado clientelismo.

  4. Analysing UK real estate market forecast disagreement

    OpenAIRE

    McAllister, Patrick; Newell, G.; Matysiak, George

    2005-01-01

    Given the significance of forecasting in real estate investment decisions, this paper investigates forecast uncertainty and disagreement in real estate market forecasts. Using the Investment Property Forum (IPF) quarterly survey amongst UK independent real estate forecasters, these real estate forecasts are compared with actual real estate performance to assess a number of real estate forecasting issues in the UK over 1999-2004, including real estate forecast error, bias and consensus. The re...

  5. Hábito de fumar: Repercusión sobre el aparato cardiovascular Smoking: Repercussion on the cardiovascular system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Fadragas Fernández

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Nos propusimos revisar la literatura más actualizada, para dar a conocer la magnitud de este nocivo hábito, alarmados ante la terrible realidad de saber que el tabaco causa 1 muerte cada 10 s, según un informe publicado recientemente por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. El tabaquismo provoca 3 500 000 muertes anuales y ocasiona enfermedades cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica es realizar una actualización de este tema, haciendo mayor énfasis en la repercusión del hábito de fumar en el aparato cardiovascular. Como resultado de esta revisión encontramos que el hábito de fumar constituye un factor de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares, donde las lesiones ateroscleróticas se presentan en un porcentaje elevado de los pacientes que fallecen por esta causa, y es a su vez, factor importante en la aparición de otras enfermedades, como son: la hipertensión arterial, la cardiopatía isquémica y las enfermedades cerebrovasculares.Summary We propose ourselves to review the most updated literature to make known the magnitude of this harmful habit, alarmed by the terrible reality to know that tobbaco causes a death per 10 s, according to a report recently published by the World Health Organization. Smoking produces 3 500 000 deaths a year and brings about cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The purpose of this bibliographic review is to update this topic, making emphasis on the repercussion of smoking on the cardiovascular system. As a result of this review, we found that smoking is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, where the atherosclerotic lesions are present in an elevated percentage of the patients dying for this cause, and that it is at the same time an important factor in the appearance of other diseases, such as arterial hypertension, ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases.

  6. La extradición: una herramienta para el fortalecimiento de la imagen estatal colombiana durante las presidencias de Betancourt (1982-1986, Barco (1986-1990, Pastrana (1998-2002 y Uribe (2002-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Cardona Londoño

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo parte una revisión bibliográfica sobre el tema de la extradición, propone una visión y aporta una herramienta analítica que permite ampliar el debate alrededor de este tema, en el cual, de manera general se encuentran tres posiciones en donde se pueden ubicar a diferentes autores que han abordado esta temática. Se analizan los periodos presidenciales de Betancourt (1982-1986, Barco (1986-1990, Pastrana (1998-2002 y Uribe (2002-2010, se intentará establecer un dialogo entre los discursos que fundamenta la identidad del Estado colombiano.

  7. Real-estate lakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rickert, David A.; Spieker, Andrew Maute

    1971-01-01

    Since the dawn of civilization waterfront land has been an irresistible attraction to man. Throughout history he has sought out locations fronting on oceans, rivers, and lakes. Originally sought for proximity .to water supply and transportation, such locations are now sought more for their esthetic qualities and for recreation. Usable natural waterfront property is limited, however, and the more desirable sites in many of our urban areas have already been taken. The lack of available waterfront sites has led to the creation of many artificial bodies of water. The rapid suburbanization that has characterized urban growth in America since the end of World War II, together with increasing affluence and le-isure time, has created a ready market for waterfront property. Accordingly, lake-centered subdivisions and developments dot the suburban landscape in many of our major urban areas. Literally thousands of lakes surrounded by homes have materialized during this period of rapid growth. Recently, several "new town" communities have been planned around this lake-centered concept. A lake can be either an asset or a liaoility to a community. A clean, clear, attractively landscaped lake is a definite asset, whereas a weed-choked, foul-smelling mudhole is a distinct liability. The urban environment poses both problems and imaginative opportunities in the development of lakes. Creation of a lake causes changes in all aspects of the environment. Hydrologic systems and ecological patterns are usually most severely altered. The developer should be aware of the potential changes; it is not sufficient merely to build a dam across a stream or to dig a hole in the ground. Development of Gl a successful lake requires careful planning for site selection and design, followed by thorough and cc ntinual management. The purpose of this report is to describe the characteristics of real-estate lakes, to pinpoint potential pmblems, and to suggest possible planning and management guidelines

  8. La coerción estatal del art. 155 ce en la estructura del estado autonómico

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez Álvarez, Leonardo

    2016-01-01

    El constituyente español ha plasmado en el art. 155 CE una categoría de larga trayectoria en el sistema descentralizado alemán: la coerción estatal. La coerción estatal surge en el periodo de la confederación del siglo xix para suplir las carencia

  9. BLM Colorado Federal Mineral Estate

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of the Interior — Shapefile Format –This Federal Mineral Estate (Subsurface) dataset is a result of combining data sets that were collected at each BLM Colorado Field Office and using...

  10. Economic Effects Real Estate Tax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadić Milan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The real estate tax is usually a fiscal instrument which performs the property tax. When it comes to real property or immovable this term include: apartments, houses, land, cottages, excess housing landscape and more. The real estate tax as a form of the fiscal charges ownership or use of certain forms of real estate, and the revenue from this tax is levied on the area where the property is located regardless of the place of residence of its owner. The tax base for the calculation of this tax usually consists of the market, estimated or annuity value of certain real estate. This form of taxation in the Republic of Serbian applies from 1.1.2012., and its introduction has been replaced by former property taxes. The differences between the two concepts mentioned taxes are numerous and significant. Among the more important are: subject to taxation under the new concept of the real estate rather than law, a taxpayer is any property owner rather than the holder of rights to immovable property tax base is the market value of real estate which is replaced by the payment of taxes per square meter of usable area, the rate of property tax is determined local government, which can not be lower than 0.05% of the estimated value of the real estate nor higher than 0.5% of the appraised value of real estate. The last change, ie. The new law on Property Tax from 5.11.2015. was determined by the tax rate to 20%. The fact that local governments each of them determines the tax rate on real estate which range from high to low rates of multiple, makes this tax is progressive. Progression is particularly expressed in the distinction applied tax rates of developed and undeveloped municipalities, where we have a case that less developed tolerate a higher tax burden, which leads to negative economic effects. However, real estate tax has its own economic and social characteristics which must be aligned with the objectives of tax policy. This means that the real estate tax

  11. El paper de la Wikipedia en la gestió de la reputació: una anàlisi de les millors i les pitjors companyies dels Estats Units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia W. DiStaso

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Ser considerada una de las mejores compañías de Estados Unidos es un gran honor, pero la buena reputación no exime a estas empresas de encontrar aspectos negativos en la Wikipedia, la enciclopedia en línea editada en colaboración. Mediante un análisis de contenido de las compañías que tienen mejor y peor reputación de Estados Unidos, este estudio demuestra que el contenido negativo de los artículos corporativos que se publican en la Wikipedia supera el contenido positivo con independencia de la reputación de la empresa. Se ha comprobado que tanto las mejores como las peores compañías contienen más contenidos negativos que positivos. Es una cuestión importante, puesto que la Wikipedia no es solo uno de los lugares web más populares del mundo, sino que se ha convertido en uno de los primeros lugares para buscar información corporativa. A pesar de que se han encontrado más contenidos relacionados con la responsabilidad social corporativa en las entradas de las diez compañías con mejor reputación, estos quedaban eclipsados por cuestiones vinculadas con escándalos o asuntos legales. La conclusión es que los profesionales de las relaciones públicas tendrían que supervisar y actualizar periódicamente sus artículos corporativos en la Wikipedia con independencia de la compañía para la que trabajen. 

  12. Variables académicas y sociodemográficas relacionadas con el Síndrome de Burnout, en estudiantes de Ingenierías y Ciencias de la Salud de una universidad estatal de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Robert Ferrel Ortega

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Comparar las dimensiones del Síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes de Ingenierías y Ciencias de la Salud, en relación con las variables académicas (promedio ponderado, semestre y programa cursado y sociodemográficas (edad, género de los participantes. Método: Dicho estu- dio se abordó bajo el enfoque de Bandura (1989, referido a la autoeficacia, bajo el modelo del espiral negativo “hacia abajo”, desarrollado por Salanova, Bresó y Schaufeli (2005. Para ello, se desarrolló una investigación de paradigma empírico-analítico, de tipo descriptivo comparativo y diseño transversal. La población estuvo constituida por 1.028 estudiantes de los cuales se obtuvo una muestra estratificada de 280 de ambas facultades participantes; con un porcentaje de error del 5 % y un nivel de confianza del 95 %. A ellos se les aplicó el Inventario de Burnout Académi- co (MBI-SS, validado para este estudio. Luego de obtener los resultados de la prueba, se utilizó el estadístico ANOVA para el respectivo análisis de varianzas por grupos. Resultados: Indicaron un nivel bajo y medio de agotamiento emocional y cinismo, pero con un nivel alto de autoeficacia, con diferencias significativas en autoeficacia con respecto al promedio académico y semestre, y de agotamiento con respecto al semestre, programa y facultad; siendo los estudiantes de Odon- tología, Medicina, Ingeniería Ambiental y de Sistemas quienes presentaron mayor agotamiento emocional, físico y mental que los otros. Se concluye que existen grupos de estudiantes con diferentes niveles de agotamiento emocional y cinismo, según el género y la carrera que cursan.

  13. E-Real Estate Property Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Majid Shanto, Syed Nurul

    2003-01-01

    Real estate business is one of the oldest businesses in the business world which is also considered to be associated with the toughest business environment to invest for investment because of its volatile behavior. In order to be competitive in the real estate market, the real estate developer as well as real estate specialist like real estate agent is constantly fighting for achieving marginal profit from the market. 21st century is the century of advance technology and utilizing its power i...

  14. Real Estate Agent Commission Disputes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anida Duarte

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among Procuring Cause Law, real estate agent years of experience, and real estate commission disputes. A pilot survey was conducted in the southwestern United States among real estate agents, realtor(s, and brokers. After testing the hypothesis, the decision was made to fail to reject the hypothesis and conclude that real estate agent experience and not Procuring Cause Law produced favorable outcomes in disputes. As a result, the following recommendations were made: (a Agency seller and buyer’s agreements should be used in each transaction to avoid disputes, (b proper expectations and guidelines should be reviewed prior to starting any real estate transaction, (c a checklist may assist in the assurance that all valuable information is reviewed, (d agents could benefit from fully understanding Procuring Cause Law and sharing this information with their clients, (e state and national regulatory requirements of the law could be modified for easier understanding and use, and (f consumers who willfully violate the law could be subject to monetary penalties.

  15. Implementation of the balanced scorecard in a brazilian state-owned company: the case of Petrobras El proceso de implantación del balanced scorecard en una empresa estatal brasileña: el caso Petrobras O processo de implantação do balanced scorecard em uma empresa estatal brasileira: o caso Petrobras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline de Almeida Filgueiras

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The Balanced Scorecard (BSC, developed by Kaplan and Norton in 1992, responded to a need for consolidating the performance complexity of the organization and has been increasingly used since then. Among the advantages are the composition and visualization of performance measurements that reflect the company’s business strategy. The BSC summarizes and indicates in a single document, performance from four perspectives, financial, clients, internal processes and learning and growth. This study is important because the BSC is the first systematic attempt to develop a project for a performance evaluation process that focuses on company objectives, coordination of individual decisions and a basis for the organizational learning. Therefore, applicable literature was reviewed and a presentation was made on implementation of the BSC at Petrobras, an integrated state-owned company acting in exploration, production, refining, commercialization and transport of oil and derivatives in Brazil and abroad.El Balanced Scorecard (BSC, desarrollado por Kaplan y Norton en 1992, resultó de la necesidad de captar toda la complejidad del desempeño de la organización, y ha sido amplia y creciente su utilización en empresas y organizaciones. Entre sus contribuciones están la composición y la visualización de medidas de desempeño que reflejen la estrategia de negocios de la empresa. El BSC resume, en un único documento, indicadores de desempeño en cuatro perspectivas: financiera, clientes, procesos internos y aprendizaje, y crecimiento. La importancia del estudio está en el hecho de que el BSC constituye el primer intento sistemático de desarrollar un proyecto para el sistema de evaluación de desempeño que enfoque los objetivos de la empresa, la coordinación de la tomada de decisión individual y la provisión de una base para el aprendizaje organizacional. Así, en este trabajo fue realizada una revisión de la

  16. Challenges for Large Housing Estates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig

    This paper examines policies and improvement programmes implemented to improve troubled housing estates during three decades. It is based on evaluations of implemented programmes conducted for the Danish ministry of housing and the National Building Fund as well as similar studies from other...... European countries. Case studies illustrate local developments and outcomes and are the base for questioning the original identification of problems and thus the chosen solutions. Perspectives for current policy initiatives in the field of troubled housing estates are discussed in a general housing market...

  17. Real Forestry for Real Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Jennifer; Fisher, Jason

    2013-01-01

    Virginia is poised to see an unprecedented change in forest land ownership. To provide new landowners with information on sustainable forest management, we developed a two-part program, Real Forestry for Real Estate. First, we assembled New Landowner Packets, which contain a variety of sustainable forest management resources. Second, two…

  18. 75 FR 36271 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and... RESPA and HUD's implementing RESPA regulations, services performed by real estate brokers and agents as additional settlement services in a real estate transaction are compensable if the services are actual...

  19. 26 CFR 20.2106-1 - Estates of nonresidents not citizens; taxable estate; deductions in general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the United States at the time of his death is determined by adding the value of that part of his gross... paragraph (a) (1) or (2) of this section unless the executor discloses in the estate tax return the value of..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER...

  20. Anatomía macroscópica, irrigación y drenaje venoso del aparato reproductor femenino de la llama (Lama glama)

    OpenAIRE

    León M., Eric; Sato S., Alberto; Navarrete Z., Miluska; Cisneros S., Jannet

    2011-01-01

    Se hizo la descripción anatómica del tracto reproductor femenino de la llama. Se usaron 4 llamas adultas. Macroscópicamente, la anatomía del aparato reproductor es morfológicamente similar a la del bovino, diferenciándose por la ausencia de ligamento intercornual y cotiledones, así como por la presentación de un tabique intercornual, como es el caso de la alpaca. La distribución de las arterias y venas que irrigaron y drenaron sangre a la cavidad pélvica y aparato reproductor presentaron en u...

  1. Texas Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Summary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency (TRERC-TEA) curriculum workshop was attended by over 40 participants representing 26 Texas community colleges. These participants divided into eight small groups by real estate specialty area and developed curriculum outlines and learning objectives for the following real estate courses:…

  2. Listing Specialization and Residential Real Estate Licensee

    OpenAIRE

    Leonard V. Zumpano; Ken Johnson; Randy I. Anderson

    2007-01-01

    Earlier research has found that specialization by real estate agents creates economies of scope for real estate firms. So far, however, no research has addressed this issue at the agent level. The question this research seeks to answer is whether specialization in one side of the real estate transaction increases agent income. The most important finding is that specialization has an asymmetric impact on earnings. Specializing in listings positively enhances agent income. In contrast, speciali...

  3. Technical life cycle of real estates

    OpenAIRE

    Taina Koskelo

    2001-01-01

    Real estate business is developing fast. Development needs are challenging because of interdiciplinariness and diverseness of the branch. The main mission of real estate business is to provide premises for its customers. Designers are planning the buildings, contractors are building them and owners are supplying premises for users. During the use the real estate market needs different kinds of facilitating services directed to users or owner of buildings. Facilities Management services (FM) c...

  4. Competent ownership in real estate business

    OpenAIRE

    Timo Sneck

    2001-01-01

    The real estate businessñproject Competent Ownership (Oskito)î focuses on the role of ownership within the real estate industry. Ownership acts as the core upon which , the competitive advantages of real estate industry are for the most based. The project studies specific real estate business issues, especially îentities of possessionî that are large enough to allow the development of specialised businesses. The project is of current interest as the next phase of growth of the Finnish informa...

  5. Diversos usos instrumentales del aparato masticatorio en restos humanos de la Patagonia Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozameh, Livia Febes

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Desgastes dentarios atípicos y disarmónicos, asociados a patologías sugirieron la posibilidad que los mismos se hubieran producido por una actividad masticatoria excesiva y no alimentaria. La variedad de rastros registrados sugiere el uso de la boca con fines instrumentales, como recurso posiblemente constante. Los casos seleccionados son seis y sus rasgos predominantes se describen sucintamente. 1 Muestra dentaria de canoeros fueguinos. Fracturas cuspídeas pulimentadas únicamente en denticiones femeninas.2Resto de cazador canoero del Beagle. Notables desgastes dentarios con distintas angulaciones a modo de zigzag. Raíces en función oclusal con procesos alveolares concomitantes. 3Resto de cazador pedestre de Tierra del Fuego. Disminución del tamaño coronal de los dientes anteriores y primeros premolares, con pérdida completa de su morfología. Los bordes incisales exhiben tres planos de desgaste con diferentes direcciones. 4 y 5Cazadores de Santa Cruz. En uno de ellos los desgastes coronales son convexos en todos sus dientes. Patologías alveolares. En el otro ejemplar el desgaste tornó cilíndricas las coronas de las piezas anteriores. 6Resto femenino de Chubut. Pérdida prematura de los cuatro dientes anteriores con compromiso óseo y canino transpuesto.

  6. 12 CFR 541.21 - Nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonresidential real estate. 541.21 Section 541... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.21 Nonresidential real estate. The terms nonresidential real estate or nonresidential real property mean real estate that is not residential real estate...

  7. 33 CFR 211.1 - Real estate defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate defined. 211.1... DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.1 Real estate defined. The term real estate as used in this part includes land...

  8. 77 FR 19080 - Estate Tax; Estates of Decedents Dying After August 16, 1954

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 20 Estate Tax; Estates of...), Examples 1-3 are added to read as follows: Sec. 20.2053-4 Deduction for claims against the estate... because the value of that claim exceeds $500,000. E may claim a deduction under this paragraph for the...

  9. Lo público, lo estatal y la democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Iazzetta

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available La calidad de lo público no resulta indistinta para juzgar la calidad de una democracia, pues la vitalidad y diversidad de aquel espacio delimita sus posibilidades de despliegue y profundización. Sin embargo, lo público se nutre tanto de la energía proveniente de la asociatividad, participación, deliberación y auto-organización de la sociedad civil, como de la universalidad que el Estado debe asegurar para tornar efectiva la promesa democrática. En esa zona confluyen por consiguiente, energías provenientes de lo público-social como de lo público-estatal. Sin desconocer esa complejidad, en este trabajo nos centraremos en este último aspecto, entendiendo esta elección como una vía de entrada –entre otras posibles– para reflexionar sobre algunas tareas democráticas pendientes.

  10. Aspectos ergonômicos relacionados com o ambiente e equipamentos hospitalares Aspectos ergonómicos relacionados con el ambiente y aparatos hospitalarios Ergonomic aspects of the hospital working environment and equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available A ergonomia tem sido difundida como uma das mais importantes estratégias para reduzir os problemas originados por situações de trabalho que causam lesões no sistema músculo-esquelético. O presente trabalho discute determinados aspectos do ambiente como espaço de trabalho, altura da superfície de trabalho, limites de alcance e equipamentos, relacionando-os com as atividades ocupacionais da enfermagem.La ergonomía ha sido difundida como una de las más importantes estratégias para disminuir los problemas originados por situaciones de trabajo que causan lesiones en el sistema musculosquelético. El presente trabajo discute determinados aspectos del ambiente como espacio de trabajo, altura de la superficie de trabajo, limites del alcance y aparatos, relacionándolos con las actividades ocupacionales de enfermería.Ergonomics has been one of the most important strategies for reducing musculoskeletal injuries caused by working conditions. The present report discusses particular aspects of the working environment such as work space, working heights, as well as the limits of reach and of the equipment used, and attempts to relate these to the occupational activities in nursing.

  11. Felicidad, suicidio, riqueza y desempeño estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Mediante una puesta en perspectiva del estudio clásico de Durkheim (1897 sobre el suicidio como síntoma de malestar social y un análisis crítico de la proliferación reciente de índices globales de medición de la felicidad, este artículo propone articular ambas variables (tasa de suicidio y coeficiente de felicidad como indicadores del desempeño estatal en la dimensión del bienestar subjetivo de sus habitantes. Pone además en evidencia el sesgo que ha llevado a excluir estos dos parámetros, al igual que el impacto ambiental de los países, de los índices de bajo desempeño estatal existentes debido a que los Estados más ricos, “centros de producción” donde se construyen estas tablas comparativas, no son necesariamente los más felices y presentan tasas relativamente altas de muerte voluntaria. El Happy Planet Index constituye una notable excepción a esta tendencia, pero su metodología resulta insatisfactoria. La religiosidad, las instituciones políticas y la economía en sus tres dimensiones: riqueza, pobreza y desigualdad, están presentes en la reflexión como factores de felicidad pero se les matiza para evitar caer en determinismos.

  12. Felicidad, suicidio, riqueza y desempeño estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Mediante una puesta en perspectiva del estudio clásico de Durkheim (1897 sobre el suicidio como síntoma de malestar social y un análisis crítico de la proliferación reciente de índices globales de medición de la felicidad, este artículo propone articular ambas variables (tasa de suicidio y coeficiente de felicidad como indicadores del desempeño estatal en la dimensión del bienestar subjetivo de sus habitantes. Pone además en evidencia el sesgo que ha llevado a excluir estos dos parámetros, al igual que el impacto ambiental de los países, de los índices de bajo desempeño estatal existentes debido a que los Estados más ricos, “centros de producción” donde se construyen estas tablas comparativas, no son necesariamente los más felices y presentan tasas relativamente altas de muerte voluntaria. El Happy Planet Index constituye una notable excepción a esta tendencia, pero su metodología resulta insatisfactoria. La religiosidad, las instituciones políticas y la economía en sus tres dimensiones: riqueza, pobreza y desigualdad, están presentes en la reflexión como factores de felicidad pero se les matiza para evitar caer en determinismos.

  13. ¿Matronato? Gestiones maternales de protección estatal

    OpenAIRE

    Lugones, María Gabriela

    2018-01-01

    Resumen A partir de investigaciones en torno de una gestión estatal de minoridades, la del Fuero Prevencional de Menores de la ciudad argentina de Córdoba, en este artículo se piensan dichas actuaciones judiciales –observadas etnográficamente a principios del siglo XXI– en tanto gestiones maternales. Esto implica no circunscribirse a parámetros legales, y reconocer la correlación entre los modos de ejercicio de poder minorizante de esa administración estatal con las formas que acostumbramos a...

  14. 5 CFR 1651.8 - Participant's estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Participant's estate. If the account is to be paid to the duly appointed executor or administrator of the participant's estate under § 1651.2(a)(5), the following rules apply: (a) Appointment by court. The executor... executor or administrator. Documentation which demonstrates that the person is properly authorized under...

  15. An Analysis of the Real Estate Occupation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harestad, Clifford E.; And Others

    The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the real estate occupation. It represents an accounting of what must be done, but not how the entire cycle of a residential sale is completed through the services of a real estate person and the…

  16. Commercial real estate analysis and investments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geltner, D.; Miller, N.; Clayton, J.; Eichholtz, P.M.A.

    2013-01-01

    The well-known and respected authorship team of Geltner and Miller bring you a new edition of what has become the undisputed and authoritative resource on commercial real estate investment. Streamlined and completely updated with expanded coverage of corporate and international real estate

  17. 15 CFR 806.8 - Real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate. 806.8 Section 806.8 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.8 Real estate. Residential real...

  18. Evaluación del aparato respiratorio en trabajadores expuestos a polvo del mineral zeolita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo López Espinosa

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo transversal en la Mina-Planta de Zeolita Tasajeras, que pertenece al municipio de Ranchuelo, Villa Clara, en el período comprendido entre junio y septiembre de 1997, con el objetivo de determinar el estado clínico y funcional ventilatorio de los trabajadores. A los 73 pacientes con 2 o más años en la fábrica se les aplicó un cuestionario, y se les realizó un examen físico y una prueba funcional ventilatoria. Los resultados más relevantes corroboran que los trabajadores del área de mayor exposición al polvo refieren un mayor número de síntomas respiratorios, sobre todo los fumadores. Sin embargo, el 94,5 % presenta un examen físico de tórax negativo, el 68,8 % de los pacientes con prueba funcional ventilatoria patológica integran el área planta, son fumadores el 62,5 %, y el 63,1 % no usa con frecuencia el filtro respiratorio como medio de protección individualA croos-sectional observational study was carried out at the mine-plant zeolite in Tasajeras, municipality of Ranchuelo, Villa Clara, from June to September, 1997, aimed at determining the clinical and functional ventilatory status of the workers. 73 patients with 2 or more years in the factory answered a questionnarie and underwent a physical examination and a functional ventilatory test. According to the results, those workers that were more exposed to dust had a higher number of respiratory symptoms, mainly smokers. However, 94,5 % had a negative chest physical examination. 68.8 % of the area patients with pathological functional ventilatory test work in the of the plant. 62.5 % are smokers and 63.1 % do not use frequently the respiratory filter as a menas of individual protection.

  19. Medical real estate in an age of reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, Laca Wong; Camp, Philip J

    2011-04-01

    The following are four ways healthcare organizations are fulfilling their medical real estate needs in an era of change: Real estate monetization. Renovation of existing facilities. A careful focus on containing materials costs. Joint ventures with real estate organizations.

  20. Regla Fiscal para Determinar el Monto del Subsidio Estatal a la Universidad de Guanajuato Regla Fiscal para Determinar el Monto del Subsidio Estatal a la Universidad de Guanajuato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Javier Cárdenas Rodríguez

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se propone una contribución especial y una regla fiscal para que el gobierno estatal determine, ex ante, el monto de subsidio ordinario que ha de otorgar cada ejercicio fiscal a la Universidad de Guanajuato. La ventaja de este mecanismo es la eliminación de la negociación presupuestal que se realiza año con año entre la Universidad, el Gobierno Estatal y el Congreso Local.An additional tax and a fiscal rule is proposed, in this paper, so that the Local Government determines, ex ante, the ordinary public subsidy it should give each fiscal year to the Universidad de Guanajuato. The advantage of this mechanism is the elimination of the budget negotiation that takes place yearly between the Universidad, the Local Government and the State Congress.

  1. Examen estatal de la carrera de Medicina. Evolución en Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Alvarez-Bustamante

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir la evolución del examen estatal en Cuba de la carrera de Medicina. Desarrollo: Un dilema de las facultades y escuelas de Medicina en todo el mundo y en Cuba, ha sido la evaluación del progreso de los estudiantes a la largo de la carrera. En Cuba el pensamiento estratégico educacional del Comandante en Jefe, Fidel Castro Ruz, ha permitido mantener un desarrollo ascendente en la educación cubana, A partir del curso académico 1998-1999, se determinó por el Ministerio de Salud Pública (Minsap la realización del examen estatal a los estudiantes de sexto año de Medicina. En la metodología que existe para la realización del instrumento evaluativo escrito del examen estatal no existe una indicación declarada por etapas y organizada, que pueda guiar a la Comisión Nacional de Examen Estatal con uniformidad y siguiendo un pensamiento científico para la confección de estos instrumentos evaluativos. Los autores de la presente revisión consideran que estos exámenes deben responder a los objetivos generales de la carrera y al perfil del egresado, con la utilización de una metodología más precisa. Conclusiones: El Examen Estatal de la carrera de Medicina ha tenido una evolución en ascenso desde sus inicios, precisando en la actualidad una nueva metodología para la confección de su instrumento teórico.

  2. Real Estate Development at Landslides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Kaya

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The desire to grow and develop at a fast pace without regard for scientific conditions is an obsession, particularly of developing countries like Turkey. However, any development achieved in ignorance of the scientific process and sustainability leads to higher costs as well as serious losses in terms of human and other life. Our area of study is one of the best examples of the negative effects of this type of development. The area under study covers the landslide sites located on the southwest of Istanbul (the Büyükçekmece, Beylikdüzü, Avcılar and Esenyurt districts which is the largest city in Turkey. In this study, we tried to probe into the real estate development process of the landslide sites, the measures taken or failed to be taken in this process, the humanitarian and economic conditions involved and the things required to be done.

  3. Cinc qüestions entorn el plurilingüisme estatal

    OpenAIRE

    Marí, Isidor

    2006-01-01

    Aquest article presenta cinc reflexions sobre el plurilingüisme de l'estat espanyol, la més important de les quals gira al voltant de la igualtat lingüística sense sobirania política. Aquesta qüestió, que clou l'article, es veu precedida i complementada per altres aspectes com un marc satisfactori de debat polític, una igualtat formal de les llengües de l'estat, un model satisfactori de plurilingüisme estatal igualitari i la introducció del plurilingüisme en àmbits d'ús d'eficàcia simbòlica i...

  4. Systems engineering real estate development projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusakova, Elena; Titarenko, Boris; Stepanov, Vitaliy

    2017-10-01

    In recent years, real estate development has accumulated a wealth of experience in implementing major projects, which requires comprehension and systematization. The scientific instrument of system engineering is studied in the article and is substantively interpreted with reference to real estate development projects. The most perspective approaches and models are substantiated, allowing strategically to plan the life cycle of the project as a whole, and also to solve the engineering butt problems of the project. The relevance of further scientific studies of regularities and specifics of the life cycle of real estate development projects conducted at the Moscow State University of Economics and Management at the ISTA department is shown.

  5. Real Estate Investments, Regulation, and Financial Intermediation

    OpenAIRE

    Heinrich, Michael

    2018-01-01

    Real estate as an asset class can deliver high risk-adjusted returns, which are also low-correlated to the returns of other asset classes, such as stocks and bonds. According to the literature, a well-diversified mixed-asset portfolio should therefore comprise between 10% and 30% of real estate. This holds true for large and medium-sized institutional investors, but also for small retail investors (private investors). However, direct real estate proves to be an unsuitable investment for the v...

  6. Accounting costs of transactions in real estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    in relating theoretical conceptualizations of transaction costs to national accounting and further to the identification and quantification of actions on units of real estate. The notion of satellite accounting of the System of National Accounts is applied to the segment of society concerned with changes......The costs of transactions in real estate is of importance for households, for investors, for statistical services, for governmental and international bodies concerned with the efficient delivery of basic state functions, as well as for research. The paper takes a multi-disciplinary approach...... in real estate. The paper ends up with an estimate of the cost of a major real property transaction in Denmark....

  7. Estate planning : the impact of estate duty and capital gains tax on offshore assets / C. Bornman

    OpenAIRE

    Bornman, Christine

    2010-01-01

    Death and taxes are unavoidable. In terms of the current legislation both estate duty and capital gains tax (hereinafter referred to as 'CGT') are levied upon death. The South African National Treasury is reconsidering taxes on death as estate duty contributes minuscule revenue, and its administration is cumbersome. Worldwide taxation is based on either source or residence. Because of the R3 500 000 exemption from estate duty, only wealthy individuals are generally subject to e...

  8. 25 CFR 11.712 - Closing estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the executor or administrator. (b) If an order closing the estate has not been entered by the end of nine months following appointment of executor or administrator, the executor or administrator shall...

  9. Working with a Real Estate Developer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Allen; Henderson, Mark

    2001-01-01

    Discusses outsourcing to an experienced real estate developer as a more efficient means of meeting school development goals on a strict time schedule. Advantages of outsourcing are covered as is advice on selecting the right development firm. (GR)

  10. 12 CFR 541.23 - Residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Residential real estate. 541.23 Section 541.23... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.23 Residential real estate. The terms residential real estate... home used in part for business); (c) Other real estate used for primarily residential purposes other...

  11. 33 CFR 211.22 - Real estate Claims Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate Claims Officers. 211..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate Claims § 211.22 Real estate Claims Officers. In each Division Office the Division...

  12. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 365.2 Section... POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS § 365.2 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each insured state... extensions of credit that are secured by liens on or interests in real estate, or that are made for the...

  13. 12 CFR 34.83 - Disposition of real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disposition of real estate. 34.83 Section 34.83 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Other Real Estate Owned § 34.83 Disposition of real estate. (a) Disposition. A national bank may...

  14. 33 CFR 211.2 - Authority to acquire real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authority to acquire real estate..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.2 Authority to acquire real estate. (a) Congressional authority...

  15. 12 CFR 541.16 - Improved residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved residential real estate. 541.16... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.16 Improved residential real estate. The term improved residential real estate means residential real estate containing offsite or other improvements...

  16. 12 CFR 541.15 - Improved nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved nonresidential real estate. 541.15... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.15 Improved nonresidential real estate. The term improved nonresidential real estate means nonresidential real estate: (a) Containing a permanent structure...

  17. 12 CFR 541.27 - Unimproved real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unimproved real estate. 541.27 Section 541.27... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.27 Unimproved real estate. The term unimproved real estate means real estate that will be improved, as defined in § 541.15 or § 541.16 of this part. ...

  18. 32 CFR 644.30 - Preliminary real estate work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Preliminary real estate work. 644.30 Section 644... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.30 Preliminary real estate work. (a) Preliminary real estate work is defined as that action taken...

  19. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank shall...

  20. Estate and business planning for the retiring physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kingma, Kenneth W; Vaughn, Thomas D

    2012-01-01

    Retiring physicians have much to think about for estate planning purposes. The authors stand ready to help physicians sell or close their medical practice, navigate the 2010 Tax Act, take advantage of current planning opportunities, and prepare appropriate estate planning documents. Every estate is unique, so it is important to contact an estate planning advisor before taking any action.

  1. Foreign direct investments into French real estate

    OpenAIRE

    BRIZARD, Arthur

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to draw the global trend of Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) in the French real estate market since 2008 and to understand foreign investors’ behavior and the incentives which urge them to invest in French property market. This study relies on the numerous yearly reports released by consulting and real estate companies and gives an overview of FDI since 2008. From a legal point of view, the French property market is extremely organized. Acquiring, holding and sel...

  2. La gimnasia con aparatos, una interesante propuesta para la ocupación del tiempo libre de los cadetes de 19-20 años

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lázaro E . Díaz Medina

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde que el hombre comenzó a vivir en comunidad, al concluir sus actividades fundamentales del día, trató de ocupar el tiempo libre restante en divertirse, realizar actividades físicas, pasear etcétera. Al pasar los siglos la vida se fue haciendo más agitada, más cargada por lo que el poco tiempo libre que el hombre poseía trató de ocuparlo con actividades que le ayudaran a sobreponerse del cansancio de un día de trabajo, por lo que se hizo necesario inventar nuevos juegos, centros de recreación, lugares donde poder practicar deportes, etcétera, con el objetivo de hacer la vida más llevadera a estas personas. Las actividades físico-recreativas son aquellas de carácter físico, deportivo o turístico a los cuales el hombre se dedica voluntariamente en su tiempo libre para el desarrollo activo, diversión y desenvolvimiento individual y persiguen como objetivo principal la satisfacción de necesidades de movimiento del hombre para lograr como resultado final salud y alegría por lo que podemos inferir que reviste gran importancia para nuestra sociedad su empleo.

  3. TRERC-TEA [Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency] Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Committee Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The document contains a summary report of a community college real estate teachers' workshop organized to develop course outlines for the various areas in the real estate curriculum. Curriculum outlines are presented, with varying degrees of detail included, for the following eight subjects: real estate appraisal; real estate brokage; real estate…

  4. Tendência da mortalidade por doenças do aparelho circulatório no Brasil: 1950 a 2000 Tendencia de la mortalidad por enfermedades del aparato circulatorio en Brasil: 1950 a 2000 Mortality trends due to circulatory system diseases in Brazil: 1950 to 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduarda Ângela Pessoa Cesse

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: As doenças do aparelho circulatório (DAC, um dos mais importantes problemas de saúde da atualidade, apesar de proporcionalmente ainda liderarem as estatísticas de morbi-mortalidade, começam a apresentar tendência declinante da mortalidade em diversos países. OBJETIVO: Analisar a tendência da mortalidade por DAC nas capitais brasileiras, no período de 1950 a 2000. MÉTODOS: Estudo de série temporal das razões de mortalidade padronizadas por DAC. Utilizamos dados secundários de óbitos dos anuários estatísticos do IBGE e do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade. Realizamos análise de tendência linear das razões de mortalidade padronizadas por DAC nas capitais brasileiras que apresentaram séries completas de mortalidade, considerando os anos censitários do período do estudo (1950 a 2000. RESULTADOS: Apesar de proporcionalmente as DAC representarem a primeira causa de óbito na população brasileira, bem como apresentarem crescimento proporcional no período de análise deste estudo, o risco de óbito, representado pelas razões de mortalidade padronizadas, apresenta-se em decréscimo, particularmente a partir da década de 80. Destacam-se as cidades de Fortaleza, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo, que apresentam razões de mortalidade padronizadas elevadas, porém em decréscimo (p FUNDAMENTO: Las enfermedades del aparato circulatorio (EAC, uno de los problemas más importantes de salud de la actualidad, pese a que aún lideran proporcionalmente las estadísticas de morbimortalidad, comienzan a mostrar una tendencia declinante en la mortalidad en diversos países. OBJETIVO: Analizar la tendencia de la mortalidad por EAC en las capitales brasileñas, en el período de 1950 a 2000. MÉTODOS: Estudio de serie temporal de las razones de mortalidad estandarizadas para EAC. Utilizamos datos secundarios de óbitos de los anuarios estadísticos del IBGE y del Sistema de Información de Mortalidad

  5. Examination of Estate Marketing Practices in Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Oyewale Oyedeji

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Estate marketing is an aspect of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. Previous studies on estate marketing identified that there are challenges affecting estate marketing and the resultant effect on these challenges affects the credibility of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. This necessitates the need to examine the practice of estate marketing in Nigeria. This study examined estate marketing practice among estate surveyors and valuers in Ikeja, Lagos Nigeria. The sample size for the study is the 64 registered Estate Surveying and Valuation firms in the study area. Data gathered were analyzed using descriptive statistics and 5-point likert ordinal scale. Findings from the study revealed that the use of brochure or bulletin is the most common estate marketing method in the study area. Also, it was revealed from the study that the use of press is the most cost effective method of estate marketing in the study area. The study identified the various challenges of estate marketing. However, collection of double professional fees is the most prevalent challenge of estate marketing in the study area. Finally, aggressive marketing which leads to unethical practices is the most prevalent mitigating measures adopted by Estate Surveyors and Valuers in the study area. Recommendations were made on how to review the ethical regulations guiding the practice of Estate Surveying and Valuation which will consequently improve marketing in the study area.

  6. Situación e impacto de los residuos de aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos (RAEE). Caso de estudio: los ordenadores

    OpenAIRE

    Permanyer Martínez, Olga

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo muestra las distintas etapas presentes en el proceso de reciclaje de material informático. Debido a la importancia de las fases iniciales, de fabricación y diseño, pero también a la compleja conexión que existe entre todas ellas, se ha organizado el documento de manera para el consumidor. Es decir, se va mostrando información relativa según el orden de dudas y motivación seguido por un consumidor estándar, la autora: al convertirse un aparato en residuo...

  7. La emergencia del ambientalismo estatal y social en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo A. Gutiérrez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available La primera agencia ambiental estatal fue tempranamente creada en Argentina con el retorno a la democracia en 1973 y tras la Conferencia de Estocolmo de 1972. No obstante, la creación de instituciones estatales ambientales ha distado de ser incremental y sólo comenzó a ganar vigor en la década de 1990. Simultáneamente, las organizaciones sociales ambientalistas emergieron en sucesivas oleadas desde mediados de los años 1960 hasta nuestros días. Este trabajo reconstruye el surgimiento de las instituciones ambientales y la forma en que los actores estatales y sociales han interactuado a lo largo del proceso. Argumentaremos que el ambientalismo social y la creación de instituciones estatales ambientales recorrieron caminos paralelos y no tuvieron mayor contacto hasta el nuevo milenio, cuando un nuevo tipo de ambientalismo social logró impactar en la agenda gubernamental a partir de una serie de conflictos ambientales. Argumentaremos, también, que el recorrido del ambientalismo estatal y social en Argentina debe entenderse a la luz de la influencia internacional (tanto ideológico-normativa como financiera y de la dinámica del régimen político. Respecto de esta última, mostraremos que tanto el cambio de régimen como cambios institucionales dentro del régimen fueron favorables al desarrollo de una agenda pública ambiental y de su encuentro con la agenda gubernamental.

  8. A model of real estate and psychological factors in decision-making to buy real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Grum

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the psychological characteristics of potential real estate buyers connected with their decision to buy. Through a review of research, it reveals that most studies of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate have a partial and dispersed orientation, and examine individual factors independently. It appears that the research area is lacking clearly defined models of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate that would integrally and relationally explain the role of psychological characteristics of real estate buyers and their expectations in relation to a decision to buy. The article identifies two sets of psychological factors, motivational and emotional, determines their interaction with potential buyers’ expectations when deciding to purchase real estate and offers starting points for forming a model.

  9. Las fallas de planeación y su incidencia en el contrato estatal de obra

    OpenAIRE

    Iriana Aponte Díaz

    2014-01-01

    La planeación es un principio de la actividad contractual y administrativa pública. En la actualidad, gran parte de los problemas en contratación estatal obedecen a que la planeación se concibe como una actividad estática, pero en este documento se sustenta la necesidad de concebir la planeación como un sistema dinámico al servicio de la comunidad y al contrato, como una herramienta al servicio de los fines del Estado. Para entender el alcance del concepto de planeación, se deben diferenciar ...

  10. A Clinical Radioisotope Scanner for Cylindrical and Section Scanning; Dispositif de Scintigraphie pour l'Exploration en Spirale et dans Plusieurs Plans; Tsilindricheskij radioizotopnyj ckehhep dlya tsilindricheskogo i sektsionnogo skennirovaniya; Aparato Gammagrafico para Exploraciones Cilindricas y por Secciones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuhl, D. E. [Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    1964-10-15

    superposent sur le scintigramme, qui est alors difficile a interpreter. Au cours de l'exploration, le patient est installe sur un lit cantilever entre deux detecteurs a scintillation montes aux extremites d'un.support qui se deplace de maniere a permettre le mouvement des detecteurs en trois sens: longitudinal, transversal et rotatoire. On aveille tout particulierement a assurer un controle precis de la position et de la vitesse des detecteurs par l 'incorporation de servo-mecanismes. Le systeme d'enregistrement comprend: a) un stockage permanent des donnees sur bandes de papier perfore; b) un moyen de reproduction rapide des images scintigraphiques sur un oscilloscope a rayons cathodiques; c) un dispositif electronique d'exploitation des signaux. L'auteur donne des exemples des applications cliniques de cet appareil, notamment de l'exploration en spirale du foie et de l'exploration dans plusieurs plans du cerveau. (author) [Spanish] El aparato descrito en la memoria se construyo para estudiar las ventajas que puede ofrecer el empleo de un detector de radiaciones que se desplace sobre el enfermo de manera distinta de la habitual. Al estudiar un organo aproximadamente redondo, como el higado, el aparato es animado de un movimiento cilindrico a fin de poder explorar una parte mayor del organo. Otra modificacion consiste en la exploracion por secciones, que permite separar imagenes de estructuras radiativas en planos situados a diversas profundidades del organismo. Este procedimiento tiene particular interes cuando las imagenes de las diversas estructuras corporales se superponen en el registro dando resultados dificiles de interpretar. Durante la exploracion, el paciente se encuentra sobre una camilla sujeta por uno de sus extremos y situada entre dos detectores de centelleo montados en las extremidades de una pieza en forma de yugo capaz de desplazarse'en direccion longitudinal y transversal y de describir un movimiento giratorio. Se ha prestado particular atencion a la

  11. Energy management of a large estate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oughton, R J

    1986-01-01

    The paper outlines energy management of the Property Services Agency (PSA) estate, which has been pursued since 1972. PSA's current expenditure on energy in buildings is Pound 235M per annum (1983-1984), and while energy management has been in operation the aggregate annual saving achieved across the civil and armed services estate is estimated at 33%. The development of energy management is described; the initial organisation concentrated on the existing estate. An Energy Database was generated for the whole of the civil estate and routine monitoring and targetting of consumption was instituted. Regional Energy Conservation Officers were appointed with responsibilities for energy management of defined areas of the estate and a headquarters group was set up to direct the campaign and determine policy. The funding of all energy efficiency applications depends on a favourable value analysis. The calculations used in establishing investment priorities were based on CIBSE (Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers) methods. This was quickly followed by the introduction of design techniques to promote energy efficiency in new building work. The use of Design Energy Targets is a prominent feature. Over the period to date an in-house training programme in energy conservation has been established for technical staff involved in building design and operation and for general staff. An expanding range of in-house publications on energy efficiency is also available.

  12. Estate as risk developer: the Ecuadorian case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Cajas

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The present article pursues to analyze the different levels of responsibility of the various social actors and especially the Ecuadorian Estate, as one of them, in the process of generating vulnerabilities in Ecuador. Additionally, and derived from this analysis this article proposes some fundamental elements for the implementation of an appropriate risk management from the Ecuadorian Estate. As far as we know these elements are: citizen participation, government ́s role as a public founds administrator, actual legal regulations, transversal impact of a disaster and due to it, the necessity to implement risk management considerations as transversal variables; the structure of the Estate from an institutional approach and information as a key social driver.

  13. Economic scenarios for the real estate market: Incorporating uncertainty and risk in real estate appraisals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carsten Lausberg

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Real estate appraisal is usually regarded as both a science and an art: “science” because the appraiser uses mathematical calculations and other objective elements, “art” because he also uses his experience and other subjective elements. This dual character requires—among others—that new insights from other disciplines and current trends are taken into account. The central proposition of the article is that this requirement is not met. The author provides evidence that real estate risk management has made tremendous progress since the mid-1990s which has not found its way into appraisal practice, thereby creating a situation where appraisals by risk analysts differ greatly from appraisals by real estate appraisers. According to the author the gap between real estate appraisal and risk analysis should be closed from both sides. The article begins with an overview of the most important trends which will impact real estate values in the future. From these trends, an exemplary economic scenario for European real estate markets is derived in order to demonstrate that scenario writing is a powerful tool for risk management. After that the author discusses some other methods of risk management and their potential benefits for real estate appraisal.

  14. Three Macro Controls Over China’s Real Estate Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The first macro control: to cool overheated real estate investment June 2003: The People’s Bank of China issued the Notice on Further Strengthening Credit and Loan Business Management of Real Estate

  15. Real Estate Curriculum for Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Robert W.

    The Oregon Department of Education has prepared this curriculum guide to assist community college personnel in developing or upgrading real estate programs. This fast-growing field has demanded that community colleges analyze the course content of such programs so that they are relevant to the actual needs of the industry. An Advisory Committee…

  16. Competency Based Curriculum for Real Estate Agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCloy, Robert J.

    This publication is a curriculum and teaching guide for preparing real estate agents in the state of West Virginia. The guide contains 30 units, or lessons. Each lesson is designed to cover three to five hours of instruction time. Competencies provided for each lesson are stated in terms of what the student should be able to do as a result of the…

  17. Directing sustainable investments in commercial real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Entrop, A.G.; Brouwers, H.J.H.; Braganca, L.; Pinheiro, M.; Jalali, S.; Mateus, R.; Amoeda, R.; Guedes, Correia M.

    2007-01-01

    This paper focuses on the facility costs, energy use and water consumption of commercial real estate. A framework consisting of four components is established in which the performances on these three aspects are analysed. By using the first, second and third part of the framework suggestions for

  18. Strategic alignment of Corporate Real Estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Appel - Meulenbroek, H.A.J.A.; Brown, M.G.; Ramakers, Y

    2010-01-01

    Purpose/value: With the growing complexity of organizations, it becomes increasingly important to tune the strategies of different business functions. In order to add maximum value to the organization, real estate strategies have to be aligned with corporate strategy. The purpose of this paper is to

  19. Imeasi Inglismaal : [Trentham Estate]/ Victoria Parmas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parmas, Victoria

    2011-01-01

    Inglismaa keskosas Staffordshire'i krahvkonnas on üks selle maa külastatavamaid paiku - Trentham Estate. See on suur vabaajakompleks, kuhu kuuluvad kaubanduskeskus, aianduskauplus, ahvide mets, seiklusrada, taimedest labürint, hotell ja aed, mis jaguneb mitmeks omanäoliseks alaks. Hollandi maastikuarhitekt Piet Oudolf on kujundanud preeriaaia, Itaalia aia taastamine usaldati Tom Stuart-Smithile.

  20. 27 CFR 4.26 - Estate bottled.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... bottled. (a) Conditions for use. The term Estate bottled may be used by a bottling winery on a wine label only if the wine is labeled with a viticultural area appellation of origin and the bottling winery: (1... owned or controlled by the winery within the boundaries of the labeled viticultural area; (3) crushed...

  1. Governance structures for real estate transactions: Markets ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    networks in the governance of real-estate transactions under three property rights regimes in .... empirical results of case study research exploring the relationship between .... collaboration (Entwistle, Bristow, Hines, Donaldson & Martin, 2007: 63-79). .... self-help group development (City of Windhoek, 2005). Of these,.

  2. THE CONCEPT AND ESSENCE, THE STRUCTURE OF REAL ESTATE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available With the help of the international research literature, and the legislative framework of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Armenia in the article reveals the basic concepts and the essence of the real estate market, as well as given the classification of real estate. Thoroughly explains the difference between the concepts of "real estate" and "real property". In the article considered the main elements which includes the structure of the real estate market.

  3. Real Estate Financing and Interest Rate Hedging : A quantitative real estate investment case study

    OpenAIRE

    van de Wiel, Wimjan; Kristopher Bock, Felix

    2017-01-01

    Background: The expansive monetary policy of the European Central Bank has been leading to all-time-low interest rates and to a strong move into real estate investment. Low interest rates can work in favor of the investor (due to low interest rate expenditures), but increasing interest rates can jeopardize real estate investments. Since changes in interest rates are unpredictable, an investor needs to deal with this volatility. The capital market offers several financial instruments (so-calle...

  4. Integrating Sustainability into the Real Estate Valuation Process: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper sought the perception of Nigerian real estate valuers on sustainable development and how sustainability can be integrated into the real estate valuation process in Nigeria. One hundred and sixty Estate Surveyors and Valuers were asked, among others, to rate the significance of a range of sustainability features ...

  5. 12 CFR 208.51 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 208.51 Section... MEMBERSHIP OF STATE BANKING INSTITUTIONS IN THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (REGULATION H) Real Estate Lending and Appraisal Standards § 208.51 Real estate lending standards. (a) Adoption of written policies. Each state...

  6. 24 CFR 266.400 - Property requirements-real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Property requirements-real estate... Mortgage and Closing Requirements; HUD Endorsement § 266.400 Property requirements—real estate. The mortgage must be on real estate held: (a) In fee simple; (b) Under a renewable lease of not less than 99...

  7. 7 CFR 1940.406 - Real estate settlement procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Real estate settlement procedures. 1940.406 Section... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Truth in Lending-Real Estate Settlement Procedures § 1940.406 Real estate settlement procedures. (a) General. This section provides the instructions...

  8. 24 CFR 100.50 - Real estate practices prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate practices prohibited....50 Real estate practices prohibited. (a) This subpart provides the Department's interpretation of... in, any multiple-listing service, real estate brokers' association, or other service organization or...

  9. Effective Continuing Education for Licensed Real Estate Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilton, Wendy A.

    2004-01-01

    Mandatory real estate education has been intensely debated for many years. New Jersey is the only state in the nation that does not require licensed real estate agents to attend an ongoing educational event after securing a license to practice. A bill was proposed to the legislature to mandate real estate education in June of 2001. (It was…

  10. The Significance of Malaysian Real Estate Research Agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Najib Razali

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates research agenda by the Malaysian real estate researchers (MRERs. This study adopts a deskwork approach by examining research papers published in leading real estate journals, both international and local and papers presented in main real estate conferences from 1997 to 2010. In addition, the number of research papers published and presented were also assessed from several main real estate research journals in the US, UK, Asia/Australia and Malaysia and conferences such as American Real Estate Society (ARES, European Real Estate Society (ERES, Pacific Rim Real Estate Society (PRRES, Asian Real Estate Society (AsRES and local conference; International Real Estate Research Symposium (IRERS. The study indicates that the Malaysian real estate researchers (MRERs have made a positive contribution to the global real estate research. Nevertheless, there is still more effort needed in order to compete in the global real estate research agenda. It is anticipated that this trend will change since the Malaysian government has emphasised on improving the quality of higher learning institutions' for which research and publication will be the main agenda. The contribution from MRERs will significantly improve Malaysian universities standing in global ranking.

  11. Dutch direct real estate investments in private portfolios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berkhout, T.M.; Geer, van der G.

    2005-01-01

    Direct real estate plays an important role in our daily lives. The place of direct real estate in the portfolio of a private investor is often limited however. The paper attempts to answer the question of how large the allocation to direct real estate should be to attain an optimal risk/return

  12. A viable real estate economy with disruption and blockchain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veuger, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Two titles in one cover. On page 56-112 there's the English version of the book: 'A viable real estate economy with disruption and blockchain. Does real estate still have the value that it had, or is the valuation of real estate going to change due to surprising products and services, innovative

  13. The Boom and Gloom of Real Estate Markets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Brounen (Dirk)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractReal estate markets around the world have earned a complicated reputation. On the one hand, real estate markets offer investors a wide spectrum of profitable investments opportunities, investments that nowadays can be executed by simply buying shares of stock listed by real estate

  14. Os limites do funcionamento interpretante do aparato psíquico The limits of the interpretative function of the psychic apparatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Carolina Lo Bianco

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available De início, o artigo identifica uma função interpretante na conceituação do aparato psíquico realizada por Freud. Esta função encontra-se melhor explicada no desenvolvimento da "Interpretação dos Sonhos", os quais operam, por sua vez, a mesma função interpretante. Em seguida, argumenta que, desde 1900, Freud conceitua um limite e uma exceção no funcionamento da interpretação nos sonhos, localizando-os, no entanto, em duas tópicas diferentes. A visão de Lacan vem introduzir uma nova inteligibilidade à interpretação ao ressituar os seus limites no lugar mesmo do funcionamento do aparato. Esse instante de impossibilidade, presente em toda interpretação, é examinado tendo em vista a sua conseqüência clínica de apontar para a necessidade do ato analítico, como a intervenção que faz advir o sujeito da análise.Firstly the article identifies an interpretative function in the conceptualization of the psychic apparatus, by Freud. This function is best explained in "The Interpretation of Dreams". These are understood to operate in their turn the same interpretative function as the apparatus. Secondly it is argued that since 1900 Freud conceptualizes a limit and an exception in the function of dream-interpretation. However, he localizes these limits in two different explanations of the apparatus. Lacan introduces a new way of understanding the matter by affirming that the limits are comprehended in one and the same explanation of the functioning of the apparatus. A moment of impossibility which is present in all interpretations is examined in view of its clinical consequences, since it points to a necessary analytical act. This is the intervention that makes it possible for the analytical subject to exist.

  15. Real Estate Economics, Management and Investments: New Perspectives and Frontiers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Del Giudice

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available New perspectives and frontiers were highlighted in a Special Issue on “Real Estate Economics, Finance and Investments”. The twenty-eight papers that were selected and published emanated from scholars from universities all over the world with the aim to represent more recent advances in building management, mass appraisal methods, real estate risk management, economic evaluation of real estate investment projects, real estate market, property, social housing, real estate economics, real estate finance, building transformation and economic effects on environment. These papers helped to determine a unique and valuable opportunity to experiment with multiple approaches to these ever more crucial topics. This note proposes a brief review of the twenty-eight papers, concluding with some reflections about policy, practice and research on real estate issues.

  16. RELATIONSHIP QUALITY IN REAL ESTATE COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Alexandru LUCA

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Customer loyalty is becoming a topic of interest which is winning increasingly more importance lately, as a result of the focus of marketing research on business relationships. One of the most important factors that determine customer loyalty is Service Quality.The stage of qualitative research consists of analyzing the research literature from this domain, which highlights the Relationship Quality construct as a distinct dimension, relevant for the real estate field. The summary of the main models of relationship quality indicate the most commonly used variables to describe this construct. The stage of quantitative research aims at testing the proportion of content validity for the most commonly used variables. The results describe an estimation of the dimensions of the Relationship Quality construct for the case of real estate services.

  17. Real Estate and the Asian Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Quigley, John M.

    2002-01-01

    This paper suggests that activities in the real estate markets in Southeast and East Asian economies were an important contributing force to the financial crises of 1997 in the Asian economies. The analysis relies upon unpublished data reported contemporaneously by financial institutions and market watchers to document the extent of the imbalances in the real property market that were evident to informed observers at the time of the financial collapse. The analysis argues that a series of ref...

  18. Inca Royal Estates in the Sacred Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKim Malville, J.

    The royal estates lying between Cusco and Machu Picchu illustrate the remarkable variety by which the sun was honored and worshipped in the Inca Empire. The terraced basins of Moray combine the sun at both solstices and, perhaps, the zenith sun, with flowing water and offerings to Pachamama. The complex astronomy at Urubamba involves the palace of Quespiwanka, horizon pillars, solstices, and mountain worship. Ollantaytambo contains horizontal shadow-casting gnomons with a major water shrine.

  19. Physician alignment strategies and real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czerniak, Thomas A

    2012-06-01

    When addressing locations of facilities after acquiring physician practices, hospitals should: Acknowledge the hospital's ambulatory plan is the driver rather than real estate assumed with the physician practices, Review the hospital ambulatory service plan for each submarket, Review the location of facilities within the service area and their proximity to one another, Sublease or sell existing facilities that are not appropriate, Ensure that the size and characteristics of each facility in the market are appropriate and consistent with the hospital's image.

  20. Bloomsday: Copyright Estates and Cultural Festivals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Rimmer

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Copyright estates have been unduly empowered by the extension of the term of copyright protection in Europe, the United States, Australia and elsewhere. The Estate of the Irish novelist, James Joyce, has been particularly aggressive in policing his revived copyrights. The "keepers of the flame" have relied upon threats of legal action to discourage the production of derivative works based upon the canonical texts of the novelist. The Estate has also jealously guarded the reputation of the author by vetoing the use of his work in various scholarly productions. Most radically of all, the grandson Stephen Joyce threatened to take legal action to prevent the staging of "Rejoyce Dublin 2004", a festival celebrating the centenary of Bloomsday. In response, the Irish Parliament rushed through emergency legislation, entitled the Copyright and Related Rights (Amendment Act 2004 (Ireland to safeguard the celebrations. The legislation clarified that a person could place literary and artistic works on public exhibition, without breaching the copyright vested in such cultural texts. Arguably, though, the ad hoc legislation passed by the Irish Parliament is inadequate. The Estate of James Joyce remains free to exercise its suite of economic and moral rights to control the use and adaptation of works of the Irish novelist. It is contended that copyright law needs to be revised to promote the interests of libraries and other cultural institutions. Most notably, the defence of fair dealing should be expanded to allow for the transformative use of copyright works, particularly in respect of adaptations and derived works. There should be greater scope for compulsory licensing and crown acquisition of revived copyrights.

  1. El aparato masticador del género extinto Actenomys Burmeister, 1888 (Rodentia, Ctenomyidae: inferencias sobre su modo de vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moreira, G. J.

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available The genus Actenomys is registered from Plioceno sediments of Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Anatomy of skull and dentition of the genus is described, giving special emphasis to the origin and insertion points of the masticatory musculature. Actenomys is compared with the extant fossorial rodent of the genus Ctenomys, and the development of the masticatory muscles and their degree of functionality are inferred. It is concluded that Actenomys presents a less robust skull, with a masticatory musculature in agreement and incisives with great procumbency. This evidence could explain a possible adaptation of Actenomys to dig using the incisives and an adaptation to live in habitats of higher humidity than the extant forms.Se describe la anatomía cráneo-dentaria del género Actenomys, registrado en sedimentos del Plioceno de la provincia de Buenos Aires (República Argentina, con especial énfasis los puntos de origen e inserción de la musculatura masticatoria; se lo compara con el roedor fosorial viviente del género Ctenomys, infiriéndose el desarrollo de los músculos masticatorios y su grado de funcionalidad. Se concluye que Actenomys presenta un cráneo menos robusto, con una musculatura masticatoria acorde e incisivos procumbentes, lo que podría explicar una posible adaptación para cavar con los mismos, y que estaría adaptado a vivir en ambientes con un porcentaje de humedad mayor que las formas actuales.

  2. Fondos inmobiliarios y riesgo urbano./ Real estate funds and urban risk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Daher

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre fondos de inversión inmobiliaria y riesgo urbano es compleja: el riesgo del sector inmobiliario-financiero incrementa la vulnerabilidad urbana, y la sustentabilidad de las ciudades es más dependiente del riesgo de ese sector que éste del riesgo urbano y del riesgo país. La suerte de las economías nacionales está muy asociada a la suerte de las ciudades y la del riesgo supranacional global a la del riesgo subnacional urbano. El riesgo financiero-inmobiliario se ha multiplicado por la financiarización: los fondos inmobiliarios transnacionales y la gran movilidad geográfica de capitales, por su alta y selectiva concentración metropolitana, inducen la inflación de burbujas y las crisis, afectando la sustentabilidad urbana, nacional e incluso global. La financiarización no sólo es inmobiliaria: se trata de una amplia “financiarización urbana” que incluye –como en la crisis subprime- la vivienda social, y que agudiza las disparidades e inequidades territoriales./ The association between real estate funds and urban risk is complex; financial uncertainty of real estate development increases urban vulnerability and negatively affects the sustainability of cities. However, the relation is not reciprocal, since the impact that urban risk, and the reliability of national economies have on real estate development is relatively low. The success of national economies depends on the specific conditions of a country’s cities, and the success of global supranational risk is closer to urban subnational risk. The financial risk of real estate development has increased because of financialisation. As the metropolitan concentration is high and selective, transnational real estate funds, along with the geographical mobility of capital, propel the growth of real estate bubbles and crisis, making a big impact on sustainability at many levels –urban, national and even global-. Financialisation is not just a real estate

  3. Gentrification and models for real estate analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Brusa

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This research propose a deep analysis of Milanese real estate market, based on data supplied by three real estate organizations; gentrification appears in some neighborhoods, such as Tortona, Porta Genova, Bovisa, Isola Garibaldi: the latest is the subject of the final analysis, by surveying of physical and social state of the area. The survey takes place in two periods (2003 and 2009 to compare the evolution of gentrification. The results of surveys has been employed in a simulation by multi-agent system model, to foresee long term evolution of the phenomenon. These neighborhood micro-indicators allow to put in evidence actual trends, conditioning a local real estate market, which can translate themselves in phenomena such as gentrification. In present analysis, the employ of cellular automata models applied to a neighborhood in Milan (Isola Garibaldi produced the dynamic simulation of gentrification trend during a very long time: the cyclical phenomenon (one loop holds a period of twenty – thirty years appears sometimes during a theoretical time of 100 – 120 – 150 years. Simulation of long period scenarios by multi-agent systems and cellular automata provides estimator with powerful tool, without limits in implementing it, able to support him in appraisal judge. It stands also to reason that such a tool can sustain urban planning and related evaluation processes.

  4. MASS APPRAISAL AND REAL ESTATE TAXATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VORONIN V. О.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem. The government at the legislative level fixed the definition of market value for tax purposes as mandatory in the implementation of real estate transactions. In order to meet the requirements of objectivity, uniformity and consistency of the results obtained during the evaluation procedures, as well as minimize the influence of subjective factors, there is a need to develop a methodology for evaluating an automated procedure for determining the estimated value of the property based on its market value. To solve this problem, we use special techniques and methods of mass appraisal that incorporates computer-supported statistical analyses, such as multiple regression analysis and adaptive estimation procedure for use in the field of property valuation and property rights. Purpose. Realization of this goal involves the development of the concept of a computer-assisted mass appraisal. The basis of this concept is an adaptive hybrid models of market pricing in different market segments that incorporates software adaptive algorithms for determining the market value by the three evaluation approaches using the results of a multi-level real estate market analysis. It was proposed the utility automated valuation models which is intended for the implementation of a computerized real estate valuation based on the developed software adaptive algorithms. Con-clusion. To achieve this goal have been developed and used concepts underlying of computerized mass appraisal. The basis of this concept is adaptive hybrid pricing models in various segments of the real estate market of Ukraine. The problem is solved by the application of the developed software-based adaptive algorithms for determining the market value of three evaluation approaches using the results of a multi-level analysis of the real estate market. It was pro-posed the model of automated appraisal, according to it was implemented computerization of appraisal procedures on the

  5. Ecuador: una democracia inestable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan J. Paz y Miño Cepeda

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1979, tras una década de dictaduras militares, se inició la fase constitucional más larga en la historia del Ecuador. Ésta se levantó sobre las herencias del pasado y se caracterizó, de manera fundamental, por el tránsito desde un modelo estatal-desarrollista hacia uno de tipo empresarial, por el aparecimiento de nuevos agentes sociales, el multipartidismo político, la regionalización nacional, la presencia multicultural y la inserción del país en nuevas relaciones internacionales. Pero esos procesos trajeron como consecuencias centrales: la edificación de una economía inequitativa, una sociedad tensionada, la desestructuración institucional, la precarización del trabajo y la debilidad con la que la nación ha enfrentado el nuevo mundo unipolar. Todo ello ha configurado un cuadro de riesgos para la incipiente democracia. El Ecuador contemporáneo tiene, por tanto, una serie de desafíos económicos, sociales y políticos para escapar a la inestabilidad que ha acompañado a la construcción de su modernización democrática.___________________ABSTRACT:In 1979, after one decade of military dictatorships, the longest constitutional phase in the history of Ecuador was initiated. It was built upon the inheritance of the past and can be fundamentally characterized by the transition from a model that focused on the state as developing the economy (State-model to a model that focused on private business (enterprise-model. The appearance of new social agents, a multiparty system, national regionalization, multicultural presence and the country´s new international relationships are processes which show some important consequences: the establishment of an unequal economy, a society under tension, the breakdown of institutional structures, the vulnerability of working conditions and the weakness with which the nation faced the new polarized world. All this might put into danger this incipient democracy. And this is why Ecuador in these

  6. A Cold Neutron Monochromator and Scattering Apparatus; Monochromateur et appareillage pour la diffusion de neutrons lents; Monokhromator dlya ''kholodnykh'' nejtronov i pribor dlya rasseyaniya; Monocromador y aparato de dispersion para neutrones frios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harris, D; Cocking, S J; Egelstaff, P A; Webb, F J [Nuclear Physics Division, Aere, Harwell, Didcot, Berks (United Kingdom)

    1963-01-15

    . Finalement, un rotor a rainures courbes en magnesium et cadmium, ayant une vitesse de rotation elevee, les laisse passer par bouffees. Dans cet appareil, le filtre Be-Bi sert a determiner la dispersion de la longueur d'onde (comprise entre 0,3 A et 4,1 A) et le rotor, la dispersion en fonction du temps (8 {mu}s). Les bouffees de neutrons monochromatiques provenant du rotor sont diffusees par un echantillon et detectees dans l'une de deux series de compteurs. Lorsqu'on etudie des echantillons liquides ou polycristallins, on emploie une serie de compteurs BF{sub 3} (dimensions: 2 x 2 4 pouces) couvrant des angles de diffusion variant de 20{sup o} a 90{sup o}. Cette serie est placee en-dessous du faisceau de neutrons. Au-dessus de l'axe du faisceau neutronique se trouve la deuxieme serie comprenant trois scintillateurs (diametre 2 pouces) pour etudier des echantillons de monocristaux. Chaque compteur agit sur un systeme d'enregistrement a bande magnetique qui comporte 500 canaux utilisables pour chacun des compteurs. Les auteurs se sont servis de cet appareil pour etudier la diffusion des neutrons dans plusieurs echantillons gazeux, liquides et cristallins. Dans d'autres memoires presentes au Colloque ils donnent les resultats des dernieres mesures faites. (author) [Spanish] De un haz colimado de neutrones, emitido por el reactor Dido de Harwell, se selecciona una estrecha banda de longitudes de onda neutronicas (4 A y mayores). Estos neutrones son dispersados por varias muestras y la energia por ellos cedida se mide segun el metodo del tiempo de vuelo. Los neutrones, moderados por una fuente de hidrogeno liquido situada en el reactor, atraviesan primero un filtro refrigerado por nitrogeno liquido, seguidamente un monocristal de bismuto, siendo, por ultimo ''interceptados'' por un rotor de ranura curva, de magnesio-cadmio animado de gran velocidad. En este aparato el ensanchamiento de longitud de onda (0, 3A a 4,1 A) queda principalmente determinado por el filtro de Be-Bi, y el

  7. Legislative Exclusions or Exemptions of Property from the Insolvent Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RG Evans

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The general policy in South African insolvency law is that assets must be recovered and included in the insolvent estate, and that this action must be to the advantage of the creditors of the insolvent estate. But there are several exceptions to this rule and an asset that is the subject of such an exception may be excluded from the insolvent estate. The Insolvency Act, however, does not expressly distinguish between excluded and exempt assets, thereby resulting in problem areas in the field of exemption law in insolvency in South Africa. It may be argued that the fundamental difference between excluded and exempt assets is that excluded assets should never form part of an insolvent estate and should be beyond the reach of the creditors of the insolvent estate, while exempt assets initially form part of the insolvent estate, but in certain circumstances may be exempted from the estate for the benefit of the insolvent debtor, thereby allowing the debtor to use such excluded or exempt assets to start afresh before or after rehabilitation. Modern society, sociopolitical developments and human rights requirements have necessitated a broadening of the classes of assets that should be excluded or exempted from insolvent estates. This article considers assets excluded from the insolvent estates of individual debtors by legislation other than the Insolvency Act. It must, however, be understood that these legislative provisions relate to insolvent estates and thus generally overlap in one way or another with some provisions of the Insolvency Act.

  8. Desarrollo de una herramienta de arquitectura abierta para la visualización y análisis de señales EEG

    OpenAIRE

    Arango, Ramiro; Naranjo, John Jairo

    2010-01-01

    El sistema nervioso funciona mediante contactos eléctricos entre neuronas, configurando circuitos específicos para cada función neurológica. La electroencefalografía es una técnica exploratoria no invasiva, que permite registrar la actividad bioeléctrica (ondas cerebrales) de las neuronas de la corteza cerebral, mediante unos aparatos adecuados y la colocación previa de unos electrodos, en unas posiciones estándar. El registro gráfico obtenido se denomina electroencefalogr...

  9. Experiencia del examen estatal en la carrera de estomatología

    OpenAIRE

    Chiu Navarro, Violeta; Rodríguez Méndez, Gladys; Alonso Pardo, María E.

    1997-01-01

    Se exponen los resultados alcanzados en la primera experiencia realizada con la aplicación del examen estatal en la carrera de Estomatología, en el curso académico 1995-1996, con el nuevo plan de estudios (plan C) para formar estomatólogos generales básicos. En los objetivos, propósitos y directrices de la salud pública cubana, orientados a elevar los niveles de salud de la población, se exigen una serie de decisiones y medidas entre las que se destacan por su importancia, la formación de pro...

  10. Una lectura sobre las relaciones entre fascismo y poder.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Avendaño Flores

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Estas páginas partirán del supuesto de que geografía fue utilizada por el fascismo para ostentar el poder, para dirigir unas operaciones militares, para organizar los territorios en la previsión de las batallas que se libraran contra tal o cual adversario pero también, para que el aparato de Estado controlara mejor a los hombres sobre los cuales ejercía su autoridad. Decir que el fascismo era a la vez práctica y pensamiento o una acción animada por una doctrina, requiere de una plataforma territorial. Asimismo, la geografía como descripción metódica de los espacios, tanto de los aspectos que ha llamado „físicos‟ como bajo sus características económicas, sociales, demográficas y políticas debe situarse absolutamente como practica y poder

  11. Evolution of Greenery in Housing Estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kłopotowski, Maciej

    2017-10-01

    One of the basic values of multi-family housing estates which were built in the second half of the 20th century was their green areas. It was assumed that open spaces would serve both recreational and health purposes (related to air ventilation or air purification). In Poland, as in other socialist countries, these areas were parameterized and their size was defined in the relevant legislative documents. The principles of location of these sites in the structure of the estate as well as their equipment have changed during the period taken under consideration. Comparative analysis of specific realizations allows for their characterization and evaluation and reference to contemporary views. In the 1940s and 1950s, these areas were designed in the form of small squares and green areas located in the neighbourhood of the streets. In the sixties and seventies there were small residential parks (usually less than 1 ha). In the 1980s, extensive green areas were being developed which, for economic reasons, remained untouched in a functional way. Another decade (1990s) is associated with political and economic changes in Poland. In the case of estate greenery, it resulted in a complete deviation from its implementation. However, green was introduced on the roofs of buildings (including underground garages). Nowadays, the return to the design of large areas of greenery connected with housing development is being re-established. Their main function is recreational and leisure. One of the new tasks assigned to them is the task of gathering precipitation water. As a result of the analyses conducted, the author indicates which of the historical realizations (chosen periods) best meet modern needs and which can be adapted.

  12. Influence of peculiarities of transition economy on real estate market

    OpenAIRE

    Venclauskienė, Deimantė; Snieška, Vytautas

    2010-01-01

    Global integration processes highlight relevance and weight of real estate market in determining economic cycle processes in different countries. Real estate market processes in countries with transition economy differ from real estate market processes in countries with developed economy in their peculiarities, possible reactions of market participators to economic shocks and consequences to country‘s economy. Common problems with property privatization, formation of legal and financial syste...

  13. Putting Ethics on the Agenda for Real Estate Agents

    OpenAIRE

    Brinkmann, Johannes

    2009-01-01

    A post-print of an article originally published in Journal of Business Ethics: http://www.springer.com/philosophy/ethics/journal/10551 This article uses sociological role theory to help understand ethical challenges faced by Norwegian real estate agents. The article begins with an introductory case, and then briefly examines the strengths and limitations of using legal definitions and rules for understanding real estate agency and real estate agent ethics. It goes on to a...

  14. The real estate markets: Players, Institutions ans Territories

    OpenAIRE

    Theurillat Thierry; Rérat Patrick; Crevosier Olivier

    2015-01-01

    Revealing the parties the processes and the institutions and consequently both the diversity and contingency of the real estate markets the existing increasing literature emphasises the contem porary numerous links and interdependencies between real estate land value planning and town planning policy and even the financial system. This paper is an attempt to understand all the real estate markets from the most peripheral ones where the urban rent is the lowest to the most dense city cent...

  15. The Real Estate Markets : Players, Institutions and Territories

    OpenAIRE

    Theurillat, Thierry; Rérat, Patrick; Crevoisier, Olivier

    2014-01-01

    Revealing the parties, the processes and the institutions and, consequently, both the diversity and contingency of the real estate markets, the existing increasing literature emphasises the contemporary numerous links and interdependencies between real estate, land value, planning and town planning policy and even the financial system. This paper is an attempt to understand all the real estate markets, from the most peripheral ones, where the urban rent is the lowest, to the most dense city c...

  16. La dictadura militar y la Universidad de São Paulo: el montaje del aparato de represión (1964-1972

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Cardoso da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El artículo aborda el proceso de montaje del aparato de represión durante la dictadura militar (1964-1972 al interior de la Universidad de São Paulo, que tenía como objetivos la vigilancia, censura y  represión para con los docentes y estudiantes. Para desarrollar esas actividades se dio la supervisión de la vida cotidiana en la universidad, tanto en las actividades académicas como en las personales, resultado de lo cual se dieron diversas detenciones, procesamientos e, incluso, asesinatos. El periodo de tiempo analizado se ha dividido en tres momentos, cada uno de los cuales se describe a detalle a lo largo del artículo: el primero, a partir de 1964, mediante la vigilancia emprendida por la DOPS; el segundo inicia con la promulgación del Acta Institucional Número 5 (AI-5; y, el tercero inicia con la creación del Asesoramiento Especial y Seguridad de la Información (AESI en todas las universidades, a partir de 1972. Durante este último momento se logró la distensión política del régimen militar, caminando hacia el proceso de apertura, aunque aún en nuestros días quedan resabios de las políticas de vigilancia de la época. Palabras clave: dictadura, Universidad de São Paulo, aparato de vigilancia.   Abstract: This paper describes the process of mounting the repression apparatus during the military dictatorship (1964-1972 inside the Sao Paolo University having as main objectives monitoring, censorship and repression of teachers and students. To accomplish these objectives, daily life in college, including academic and personal activities, was supervised resulting in several arrests, prosecutions and even murders. The analyzed period of time is divided into three stages. Each of them is described in detail throughout this paper. The first one, starting from 1964, describes the monitoring undertaken by the DOPS*; the second one starts with the enactment of the Institutional Act 5 (IA-5; and the third one starts with

  17. 22 CFR 72.31 - Fees for consular death and estates services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... personal estates of all officers and employees of the United States who die abroad while on official duty... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees for consular death and estates services... PROPERTY AND ESTATES DEATHS AND ESTATES Fees § 72.31 Fees for consular death and estates services. (a) Fees...

  18. 22 CFR 72.25 - Transfer of personal estate to Department of State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... sentimental value, to be held in trust for the legal claimant(s). (c) After receipt of a personal estate, the... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transfer of personal estate to Department of..., THEIR PROPERTY AND ESTATES DEATHS AND ESTATES Personal Estates of Deceased United States Citizens and...

  19. 26 CFR 20.2053-3 - Deduction for expenses of administering estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST 16, 1954 Taxable Estate... permitted by § 20.2053-1 even though the deduction, as such, was not claimed on the estate tax return or in... expenses include such expenses as court costs, surrogates' fees, accountants' fees, appraisers' fees, clerk...

  20. The Corporate Real Estate Market in Public Statistics in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konowalczuk Jan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents theoretical considerations regarding the needs and criteria of creating ownership divisions of real estate markets for the purpose of public surveys and research. The scope of necessary changes to the collection of information in public registers and institutional conditions is indicated, as a necessary aspect towards enabling separate studies for corporate real estate to be conducted. Study results comparing the basic parameters of the real estate market in the Silesian voivodeship (Silesia province in 2004-2012, as per the Central Statistical Office (CSO annual reports, are also presented, as are the results of an analysis of data collected from a database of appraisers and valuers. The market parameters adopted for comparison have in both cases been developed based on the same source data obtained from public documents of the Registers of Real Estate Prices and Values (RREPV. The article presents the detailed results of own research on the real estate market in the Silesian voivodeship for 2012, with regards to the amount of real estate, the transaction values, the area of properties, and selected averages with regards to property type in line with those used in CSO studies. Also included is an assessment of the completeness of the market data presented by the CSO, taking into account the selected types of real estate. This paper also indicates the results of a pilot survey study of office workers of the RREPV in poviat (district council offices. The comparison of the regional real estate market forms a basis for the critical evaluation of the categories of real estate used in official statistics and selected forms of real estate turnover. Proposals regarding the needs and conditions that must be met in order to enable research on the corporate real estate market have also been formulated.

  1. 26 CFR 20.6166A-1 - Extension of time for payment of estate tax where estate consists largely of interest in closely...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) 50 percent of the taxable estate, the executor may elect to pay part or all of the Federal estate tax... are applicable in connection with an election by the executor to pay the estate tax in installments in...) Limitation on amount of tax payable in installments. The amount of estate tax which the executor may elect to...

  2. La definición del campo estatal y su relación con la guerra civil: un horizonte teórico

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Alberto Alonso Espinal

    2014-01-01

    El artículo presenta algunos elementos teóricos que pueden resultar útiles para estudiar los procesos de formación del campo estatal y el papel de las guerras civiles en dichos procesos. En el texto se destacan cuatro asuntos: 1) la imposibilidad de estudiar el Estado bajo el presupuesto de la separación entre este y la sociedad; 2) la importancia de examinar el proceso de formación del campo estatal a partir de una perspectiva histórica y cultural que incluya, entre otras cosas, la reflexión...

  3. 26 CFR 1.318-3 - Estates, trusts, and options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Estates, trusts, and options. 1.318-3 Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Definitions; Constructive Ownership of Stock § 1.318-3 Estates, trusts, and options... illustrating the use of these factors and methods. (c) The application of section 318(a) relating to options...

  4. Municipal Real Estate deployed as a capital asset

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Appel - Meulenbroek, H.A.J.A.; Maussen, S.J.E.; de Bis, N.; Verkerk, B.G.

    2004-01-01

    Abstract The aim of this study is to introduce the principles of Corporate Real Estate Management (CREM) within the municipal organization. It is presumed that, looking at the private sector’s accomplishments in this field, these principles will allow a city council to deploy their real estate in a

  5. Factors influencing academic performance of real estate students in Nigeria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ayodele, Timothy Oluwafemi; Oladokun, Timothy Tunde; Gbadegesin, J.T.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors affecting academic performance of real estate students in a developing country like Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach: Data for the study were collected with the aid of questionnaire served on 152 final year real estate students of

  6. Maximum drawdown and the allocation to real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamelink, F.; Hoesli, M.

    2004-01-01

    The role of real estate in a mixed-asset portfolio is investigated when the maximum drawdown (hereafter MaxDD), rather than the standard deviation, is used as the measure of risk. In particular, it is analysed whether the discrepancy between the optimal allocation to real estate and the actual

  7. Household Solid Waste Disposal in Public Housing Estates in Awka ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper presents the results of a study on household solid waste disposal in the public housing estates in Awka, Anambra State. The study identified solid waste disposal methods from the households in AHOCOL, Udoka, Iyiagu and Real Housing Estates with an intention to make proposals for better solid waste disposal.

  8. The Transmission of Real Estate Shocks Through Multinational Banks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bertay, A.C.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This paper investigates the credit supply of banks in response to domestic and foreign real estate price changes. Using a large international dataset of multinational banks, we find evidence of a significant transmission of domestic real estate shocks into lending abroad. A 1% decrease in

  9. Analysis of Income/Commercial Real Estate Transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apfelberg, Robert S.

    Basic concepts in long- and short-term financing of real estate property are discussed in this text for real estate personnel. Two of the more important of these are leverage, the relationship between the return received by the equity and mortgage investors, and risk, the assessment of the probability that all or part of the investment may be…

  10. Buying and leasing real estate for veterinary hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salzsieder, Karl R

    2006-03-01

    The major factors to be considered in the real estate purchase decision are the interest rate, the depreciation schedule, the property appreciation, the income tax impact, and the impact of paying a principal payment as part of the real estate mortgage. All these factors must be compared with the costs of leasing.

  11. 15 CFR 806.11 - Estates, trusts, and intermediaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... affiliate. (3) If a particular foreign direct investment in the United States is held, exercised... (Continued) BUREAU OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.11 Estates... direct investment, and the estate, not the beneficiary, is considered to be the owner. (b) A trust...

  12. Lease accounting trouble looms for corporate real estate management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baltussen, S.; Schelle, T.G.F.; Appel - Meulenbroek, H.A.J.A.; van Egmond, B.; Hesselink, M.; Leersum, van L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate what impact International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) lease accounting changes might have on corporate real estate (CRE) strategies, and what the consequences for future corporate real estate portfolio decisions might be.

  13. Astronomy, Art and Mythology in a Public Elementary School in Itaocara/rj. (Spanish Title: Astronomía, Arte y Mitologia en el Ensino Fundamental en Una Escuela de la Red Estatal en ITAOCARA/RJ.) Astronomia, Arte e Mitologia no Ensino Fundamental em Escola da Rede Estadual em ITAOCARA/RJ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira Bernardes, Adriana; Ramos dos Santos, Arleidimar

    2008-12-01

    Volunteer advisors at Itaocara Astronomy Club Marcos Pontes(CAIMP), in their majority high school students, introduced students at Teotônio Brandão Vilela Elementary School to basic concepts in Astronomy, Physics, and Mythology. Computer Science, Arts, puppetry, and educational videos were used to stimulate students to share their feelings and test their knowledge of the concepts presented. The work done by the volunteers helped boost the student's self-esteem and improved their oral skills by applying their knowledge of Physics and Astronomy in Lab experiments. The main goals of the CAIMP are the possibility of including astronomy in Elementary school curricula and developing an interdisciplinary work involving Astronomy, Arts, and Mythology. Through tests and reports, the students who participated in the Brazilian Astronomy Olympics, showed an increase in their knowldge of the sujects presented during the volunteer work. Durante el curso de un trabajo voluntario con estudiantes de nivel primario (1 º a 4 º grado), los guías de Astronomía miembros del CAIMP (Club de Astronomía de Itaocara "Marcos Puentes"), en su mayoría estudiantes secundarios, desarrollaron un trabajo de introducción a las Ciencias y Astronomía con alumnos del colegio estatal Teotônio Vilela Brandão. A través de talleres de informática, artes, videos educativos y teatro de títeres, los estudiantes pudieron expresar sus conocimientos y emociones frente a las leyendas mitológicas con las que se inició el trabajo de introducción. La labor desarrollada por los guías con los alumnos promovió la integración entre las aulas del colegio haciéndolos participar en actividades con el fin de estimular su expresión verbal y aumentar su autoestima. Trabajando diversas formas de expresión, los alumnos pudieron realizar experimentos y conocer algunos conceptos de Física y Astronomía al mismo tiempo que adquirían autonomía para la libre expresión de sus sentimientos y de los

  14. Advertising Model of Residential Real Estate Object in Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Mazaj

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the year 2000, during the period of economic growth, the real estate market has been rapidly expanding. During this period advertising of real estate objects was implemented using one set of similar channels (press advertising, Internet advertising, leaflets with contact information of real estate agents and others, however the start of the economic recession has intensified the competition in the market and forced companies to search for new advertising means or to diversify the advertising package. The article presents real estate property, as a product, one of the marketing components – including advertising, conclusions and suggestions based on conducted surveys and a model for advertising the residential real estate objects.Article in Lithuanian

  15. una comunidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Hernández García

    2006-01-01

    embargo, el desarrollo generó mayores desigualdades económicas entre las poblaciones urbanas y las rurales, así como efectos de contaminación del medio ambiente y escasez de los recursos naturales. En este trabajo se presentan los puntos de encuentros locales, la historia, identidad y simbolismos que mantienen una visión de la vida comunal; los desencuentros frente al desarrollo aplicado en la localidad; los cambios en los patrones de cultivo y de la pesca, así como la migración como uno de los principales efectos del cambio.

  16. PROTECTION FROM INFLATION BY INVESTING IN REAL ESTATES, ALBANIAN CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina KRIPA

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays investing in Real Estates is one of the main investing alternatives. It has spread fast in all the international markets, and has evolved in other indirect tools of investing, based on the investors’ demands and a country’s economic situation. Investing in Real Estates has become an attractive alternative because it offers protection from Inflation and also diversification. Therefore, the increase in these assets’ prices, and the increase in Inflation at the same time, provides the investor with high rate of returns from his portfolio. Even the periodic income from the rent, reflects the changes in Inflation. As a result, reviewing the literature, we conclude that Real Estates are protective in inflationist periods. The income from Real Estates tends to increase faster in inflationist environments, allowing the investor to keep real rates of returns. Real Estates have always behaved different from bonds, options and stocks. Real Estates have their particular life cycle, which is distinguished by the boom and bust periods, in particular The Commercial Real Estate in the 80’ and The Residential Real Estate in the 2008 crisis. Usually Real Estates have a low correlation with other classes of assets. This makes investors invest more in Real Estates, and now it is normal for an investor with passive or active strategy to own more than one Real Estate for profit intentions. This topic has been chosen in order to understand in details the relationship between Real Estates and Inflation in Albania. To explain this relationship, it has been used the model of a linear regression. It has been identified The House Price Index (a representative of Real Estates in Albania as a dependent variable and Inflation as an independent variable. From this model, we conclude that there is a positive and linear relationship between The Price Index and Inflation. In conclusion, if the economy has Inflation and the GDP Deflator increases by 1 %, then The

  17. Eficacia de una dieta mediterránea en la prevención primaria de insuficiencia cardiaca y fibrilación auricular en hipertensos de alto riesgo cardiovascular

    OpenAIRE

    Lozano Rodríguez, Jesús Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Falta palabras clave Objetivos: Principal. Estudiar el efecto de una dieta mediterránea (DTM), en comparación con una dieta baja en grasas (DBG), sobre la incidencia de insuficiencia cardiaca (IC), fibrilación auricular (FA), ictus y cardiopatía isquémica (CI) en pacientes hipertensos de alto riesgo cardiovascular, que reciben tratamiento farmacológico antihipertensivo y que aún no han presentado ninguna manifestación clínica de enfermedad del aparato circulatorio y no tienen FA. Secundari...

  18. La definición del campo estatal y su relación con la guerra civil: un horizonte teórico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Alberto Alonso Espinal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta algunos elementos teóricos que pueden resultar útiles para estudiar los procesos de formación del campo estatal y el papel de las guerras civiles en dichos procesos. En el texto se destacan cuatro asuntos: 1 la imposibilidad de estudiar el Estado bajo el presupuesto de la separación entre este y la sociedad; 2 la importancia de examinar el proceso de formación del campo estatal a partir de una perspectiva histórica y cultural que incluya, entre otras cosas, la reflexión sobre las luchas, silencios, acuerdos, consensos y resistencias de los diferentes actores que intervienen en ese campo; 3 el valor de abordar el campo estatal en la esfera local y regional; y 4 sus múltiples tensiones, conflictos y violencias.

  19. La definición del campo estatal y su relación con la guerra civil: un horizonte teórico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Alberto Alonso Espinal

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta algunos elementos teóricos que pueden resultar útiles para estudiar los procesos de formación del campo estatal y el papel de las guerras civiles en dichos procesos. En el texto se destacan cuatro asuntos: 1 la imposibilidad de estudiar el Estado bajo el presupuesto de la separación entre este y la sociedad; 2 la importancia de examinar el proceso de formación del campo estatal a partir de una perspectiva histórica y cultural que incluya, entre otras cosas, la reflexión sobre las luchas, silencios, acuerdos, consensos y resistencias de los diferentes actores que intervienen en ese campo; 3 el valor de abordar el campo estatal en la esfera local y regional; y 4 sus múltiples tensiones, conflictos y violencias.

  20. Real Estate Value Tax Based on the Latvian Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hełdak Maria

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the subject of the planned real estate changes in Poland as viewed in relation to the solutions accepted in Latvia. The current basis for real estate tax is a set fee per 1m² of the estate’s area established in a town council resolution, taking into account the maximum fees established by the Minister of Finances. Currently, the owners of real estates with identical area often pay the same tax regardless of the location, condition and function of the real estate formulated in the plan. The cadastral tax currently in preparation addresses these and other features which influence the value of real estate. A set cadastral value approximate to the market value will serve as the basis for determining the cadastral tax. The principles of real estate tax retrieval in Poland are not clearly established which is why it might prove useful to use the experience of other countries undergoing similar governmental changes. The article makes references to tax solutions recognized in Latvia in the domain of tax fees, valuation principles and problems accompanying real estate tax retrieval.

  1. Estudo dos componentes físicos implicados no ângulo de aterrissagem no movimento do rodante, executado no aparelho solo da ginástica artística Estudio de las componentes físicas implicadas con el ángulo de aterrizaje en el movimiento de rodamiento, ejecutado en el aparato solo de gimnasia artística Study of the physical components implied with the angle of landing in the rolling movement executed at the floor apparatus in artistic gymnastic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward Rasquinha

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A biomecânica pode ser considerada uma subárea da física responsável pelo estudo do movimento humano. No contexto do estudo do movimento, a ginástica artística é uma modalidade esportiva que intriga muito dos pesquisadores dessa área do conhecimento pela sua complexidade. Este trabalho analisa um dos movimentos mais importantes dessa modalidade, o rodante. OBJETIVO: Analisar os componentes físicos implicados na execução do movimento do rodante no aparelho solo, procurando estabelecer alguma relação entre essas e o ângulo de aterrissagem medido ao final desse elemento acrobático. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi composta por sete ginastas, com idade variando entre 14 e 20 anos, com tempo de treinamento de no mínimo cinco anos. Esta pesquisa utilizou-se de ferramentas metodológicas fundamentadas em princípios da mecânica clássica, técnicas de fotogrametria e de tratamentos estatísticos. RESULTADOS: Dentre as grandezas físicas implicadas na execução do rodante, o torque externo apresentou maior relevância para este estudo; assim, tratando este de uma pesquisa com seres humanos, a variabilidade dos resultados obtidos é compreensível; além desse fator, a diferença de nível técnico entre as ginastas e as oscilações da técnica empregada por uma mesma ginasta, observadas durante as execuções dos testes, foram responsáveis pela diversidade dos resultados obtidos. CONCLUSÕES: Por meio dos resultados obtidos no presente estudo foi possível concluir que, quanto menor o ângulo de aterrissagem do rodante, maior será o torque externo. Também foi verificado que a aceleração inicial, ou seja, o momento de corrida, influencia diretamente nesse ângulo e, por conseqüência, na produção do torque externo.INTRODUCCIÓN: La biomecánica puede ser considerada una subárea de la física responsable por el estudio del movimiento humano. En el contexto del estudio del movimiento, la gimnasia artística es una modalidad

  2. La burocracia y sus críticos en la desregulación del quehacer estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Huaylupo Alcázar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo realiza el escrutinio de las críticas contra la burocracia, la cual es apreciada, como una administración que entorpece la labor organizacional, por mecánica, innecesaria y despersonalizada, pero también, por impositiva contra la gestión, la libertad y desempeño laboral. Sin embargo, esas facultades asignadas, contrastan con su funcionalidad, racionalidad y subordinación a las pautas y regularidades organizacionales. Los límites impuestos por el poder estatal, son interpretados como burocracia, aun cuando están modelados por la política y sus vicisitudes. La reforma del Estado ha impuesto la Nueva Gerencia Pública, que imita la gestión privada y rentable en la administrativa estatal.

  3. An exploration of the Fifth Estate landscape through film

    OpenAIRE

    Kubo, Michael F.

    2015-01-01

    Numerous fi lms of late have been made about the whistleblower organization Wiki Leaks and its founder, Julian Assange, but perhaps the one which has the most applicability to the media studies or ESL/ESL class is The Fifth Estate (2013), an American biopic thriller that attempts to portray the impact Assange’s organization has had on Washington, in particular the incumbent administration, as well as on Fourth Estate media agencies.The Fifth Estate is form of media that is most commonly assoc...

  4. Randfontein estates - success story as an old timer fights back

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    In 1965 Randfontein Estates gave notice of intent to discontinue mining operations and was destined for the 'In Memoriam' column of the mining industry. Looking at Randfontein Estates today it is hard to believe that this gold and uranium producer was a dying mine only a few years ago. As this article (and the sharemarket) show, 90 years old Randfontein Estates is as active today as it has ever been. Mining and production at the Randfontein section are discussed, as well as hoists, ventilation and slimes treatment

  5. Atypical real estate objects: legal regime and control system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voskresenskaya Elena

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The legal concept of immovable things raises controversy in legal practice. Determining and understanding the definition of real estate, the complexity and diversity of these objects, a growing appearance of so-called atypical properties (such as sport stadiums, roads, boreholes, analyzing legislation and judicial practice of this field – all these issues call for a deep study of this topic. There is a conflicting arbitration practice, the subject of which is the learning of the legal nature of atypical real estate (for instance, asphalt playgrounds, car parks, fences, wells. The object of the research is the learning of the legal status of atypical real estate.

  6. Towards a listed real estate investment valuation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douw Gert Brand Boshoff

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a Listed Real Estate Investment Valuation Model that was developed to investigate the movement in indirect real estate investment through the consideration of the underlying assets of property loan stock companies. Specific reference is given to information that is made available to shareholders by way of annual financial statements in order to determine the extent to which shareholders can make investment decisions based on this information. The study enhances the knowledge of direct vs. indirect real estate investment behaviour and provides more insight into price discovery in the property sector.

  7. Estat de conservació de la població d'abellerol Merops apiaster a Mallorca

    OpenAIRE

    Adrover, Jaume

    2010-01-01

    Estat de conservació de la població d’abellerol Merops apiaster a Mallorca. Un recompte efectuat el 2010 va localitzar 24 parelles d’abellerol a Mallorca. L’espècie hauria patit un sever retrocés de, com a mínim, un 53 % només en una dècada. El retrocés s’ha vist acompanyat d’una forta reducció areal. El gruix de la població es va localitzar a Son Bosc (Muro) amb un total de 15 de les 24 parelles. S’ha trobat una relació significativa entre el nombre de colònies i la distància respecte de zon...

  8. REFLEXIONES SOBRE EL ROL DE LA ESCUELA EN LAS RELACIONES INTERÉTNICAS, DESDE LA ETNOPOLÍTICA - ESTATAL CHILENA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Verónica Leiva Guerrero

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde antes de la construcción del Estado Chileno, las élites han optado por distintas estrategi as de interpelar a los pueblos indígenas, una de ellas es centrar la atención en la educación. A partir del Programa de Educación Intercultural Bilingüe (PEIB, implementado como una nueva estrategia de interpelación desde el Estado hacia los pueblos origi narios, se indaga en los objetivos que históricamente se han planteado a la escuela, en particular frente al pueblo Mapuche. Este artículo aporta con una reflexión que, con la construcción de la categoría de etnopolítica estatal de la escuela, contribuye a complejizar la discusión actual sobre la educación intercultural.

  9. Radioastronomía: Una Mirada Más Amplia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Viviana

    2004-12-01

    The existence of the celestial bodies is known due to the light they emit. But light is a small part of a bigger phenomenon known as electromagnetic radiation. The representation of all kinds of electromagnetic radiation as a function of its frequency is called the electromagnetic spectrum. If we only studied the visible part of the spectrum, we would ignore a great deal of information. The celestial bodies emit radiation in all the regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, with very different intensity. To capture these data, astronomers design new types of telescopes that capture radiation at different wavelengths, among them the radiotelescopes that, as the name indicates, detect radio waves. The radiotelescope can be compared to a regular radio set. A radio station sends information by means of radio waves. The radio set captures these waves by means of its antenna, processes it and reproduces the information (music, etc.) in audible form. In the field of radioastronomy, interesting observations can be carried out: radio emission from stars, nebulas, pulsars, distant galaxies and stars, radiogalaxies, the Milky Way, the Sun, Jupiter, etc. La presencia de los cuerpos celestes se conoce gracias a que emiten luz. Pero la luz constituye solo una pequeña parte de un fenómeno mucho mas amplio conocido como radiación electromagnética. La representación de todas las clases de radiación como función de su frecuencia se denomina espectro electromagnético. Si solo estudiáramos la parte visual del espectro ignoraríamos una gran cantidad de información. Los cuerpos celestes emiten radiación en todas las regiones del espectro electromagnético, aunque con muy distinta intensidad. Para captar estos datos, los astrónomos deben diseñar nuevos tipos de telescopios que puedan captar la radiación de distintas longitudes de ondas, entre ellos los radiotelescopios, qué como su nombre lo indica detectan ondas de radio. El radiotelescopio puede compararse a un aparato

  10. Accessibility of Real Estate by Transportation as a Determinant of the Development of Suburban Real Estate Markets – Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolny Ada

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to show the accessibility of real estate by transportation as a factor that significantly determines the decision to acquire it. Direct access to a public road, or access to an internal road that provides communication with the public road, are a factor affecting the value of real estate. In addition, this factor is taken into account in the process of changing the function of the area, especially in determining zoning and land use. The decision of purchasing real estate often depends on transportation accessibility, because it has an impact on developing the selected plot.

  11. The appraisal rationalisation of real estate expertise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Ciuna

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Italian appraisal practice is characterized by valuations developed in subjective opinions formulated by the valuers, according to the experience and the competence rather than on the survey of the market data of comparable properties. This practice makes up for the lack of information on the real estate market and to the consequent absence of systematic collections of market data. This tradition is in the cadastral appraisal for the rural (1886 and urban properties (1939. The assessed income is appraised for a representative property and wide to all the other properties with arbitrary scores (pure number. The assessed value is derived from the income with fixed multipliers. The reform of the cadastral appraisals (2013 provides the employment of predetermined statistic functions rather than the automated valuation models applied in the mass appraisal. There are therefore ample spaces to rationalize the Italian valuations. For the market appraisal the process of rationalization is based on the comparison between the expertise and the market comparison approach. For the cadastral appraisal the process of rationalization is based on the statistic application to the fixed functions with the survey of a sample of market prices and the ratios study according to the valuation standards.

  12. Improvement and alienation of public real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferruccio Favaron

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Most of the Italian cities have been in crisis through the last decades, not being able anymore to guarantee the needs and expectations of their inhabitants, due to the lack of fundamental services, mobility, places of aggregation and attraction. The housing growth since Second World War, answering almost only to the needs of speculation and revaluation of landed revenue, produced anonymous and degraded suburbs, contributing to cancel a fundamental part of our communities’ history and culture. The crisis of the cities has clashed with the architectural one. Through sustainable regeneration, identified by the Italian architects as the greatest opportunity for revitalizing the cities and develop the country, we need to sustain interventions based on high architectural quality, besides innovative energetic, environmental and social requalification standards. It is now as never fundamental to extend the city effect from the centre to the far end suburbs, upgrading the public element, integrating the services and proposing new polarities able to interact in a synergic and propaedeutic way with the city centre. Within these settings, involving public agencies and resources with private companies and capitals, the new conversion, development and alienation of the public real estate (valued more than 400 billions €, represent a unique chance to redefine and regenerate the cities, apart from being an extraordinary opportunity to drop the debt and rationalize the local government expenses. To provide powerful infrastructures, aimed cultural policies, sustainable and environmental developments plans, are the biggest challenges to make our cities the most important investment on our future.

  13. Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) Inventory (Building)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) is the primary tool used by PBS to track and manage the government's real property assets and to store inventory data,...

  14. Commercial real estate development and valuation in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoenmaker, Dennis Albert Jan

    2016-01-01

    In the past three decades, financial deregulation, or the process of removing governmental rules controlling the way that financial organizations operate, has facilitated interconnections between commercial real estate markets, the financial sector and national economic markets. As a result,

  15. Impact of real estate interventions on organisational performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, JC; de Jonge, H.; van der Voordt, Theo

    2008-01-01

    Background: Real estate is increasingly used as a source of improving the performance of organisations by an improved image, cost reductions, increased employee satisfaction and increased labour productivity. A clear conceptual framework and standardised Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are needed

  16. Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) (Lease)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) is the primary tool used by PBS to track and manage the government's real property assets and to store inventory data,...

  17. Success and fail factors in sustainable real estate renovation projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Volker, L.

    2011-01-01

    Sustainability remains an important issue for the construction industry. Yet, sustainable real estate developments are still considered as highly ambitious projects. To find out how and why sustainable renovation projects actually became sustainable we systematically evaluated 21 leading Dutch real

  18. Corporate real estate alignment strategies in dutch higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theo van der Voordt; Ronald Beckers

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to explore the management approaches concerned with the process of aligning Corporate Real Estate (CRE) with organizational goals on a strategic level and regarding day-to-day operating activities in higher education institutes.

  19. Desarrollo de una red social para el aprendizaje

    OpenAIRE

    Cumbreras Tirado, Edgar

    2015-01-01

    En este trabajo de fin de grado se ha desarrollado una plataforma online que promociona y promueve el aprendizaje de nuevas tecnologías. La plataforma ha sido enteramente creada haciendo uso de JavaScript, con tecnologías como Node.js y Angular.js. En aquest treball de fi de grau s'ha desenvolupat una plataforma online que promociona i promou l'aprenentatge de noves tecnologies. La plataforma ha estat enterament creada fent ús de JavaScript, amb tecnologies com Node.js i Angular.js. Bac...

  20. 26 CFR 20.2031-1 - Definition of gross estate; valuation of property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST 16, 1954 Gross Estate... returned. Property shall not be returned at the value at which it is assessed for local tax purposes unless... by devise or inheritance, or by reason of death, form of ownership, or other conditions (including...

  1. 17 CFR 210.12-24 - Real estate owned and rental income. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and rental... § 210.12-24 Real estate owned and rental income. 1 Part 1—Real estate owned at end of period Column A... In a separate schedule classify by states in which the real estate owned is located the total amounts...

  2. 26 CFR 1.857-7 - Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Earnings and profits of a real estate investment... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-7 Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust. (a) Any real estate investment trust whether or not such trust...

  3. 26 CFR 1.857-8 - Records to be kept by a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Records to be kept by a real estate investment... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-8 Records to be kept by a real estate investment trust. (a) In general. Under section 857(a)(2) a real estate investment...

  4. 32 CFR 552.16 - Real estate claims founded upon contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Real estate claims founded upon contract. 552.16... Real Estate Claims Founded Upon Contract § 552.16 Real estate claims founded upon contract. (a) Purpose... interest in real estate for which compensation must be made according to the Fifth Amendment to the...

  5. 32 CFR 643.13 - Military requirement for real estate under grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military requirement for real estate under grant... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.13 Military requirement for real estate under grant. When a military requirement arises for real estate which is being used under a grant of non-Army use, the...

  6. 7 CFR 1951.11 - Application of payments on real estate accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Application of payments on real estate accounts. 1951... Servicing Policies § 1951.11 Application of payments on real estate accounts. (a) Regular payments. If a borrower owes more than one type of real estate loan, or has received initial and subsequent real estate...

  7. 17 CFR 210.12-29 - Mortgage loans on real estate. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgage loans on real estate... § 210.12-29 Mortgage loans on real estate. 1 [For Certain Real Estate Companies] Column A—Description 2... amount of the extended mortgages, explain. 7 If any item of mortgage loans on real estate investments has...

  8. 7 CFR 767.102 - Leasing non-real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leasing non-real estate inventory property. 767.102..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Lease of Real Estate Inventory Property § 767.102 Leasing non-real estate inventory property. The Agency does not lease non-real estate...

  9. 26 CFR 1.469-9 - Rules for certain rental real estate activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rules for certain rental real estate activities... certain rental real estate activities. (a) Scope and purpose. This section provides guidance to taxpayers... rental real estate, including any interest in rental real estate that gives rise to deductions under...

  10. 32 CFR 643.3 - Authority to grant use of real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to grant use of real estate. 643.3... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.3 Authority to grant use of real estate. (a) The United States.... (b) One of the principal authorities for the use of military real estate for commercial purposes is...

  11. The Real Estate Inspector. Teachers Instructional Packet (TIP) No. 11, Spring 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Real Estate Research Center.

    Part of a series of classroom aids designed for real estate instructors, this instructional packet was designed to help real estate students understand legal requirements for real estate inspectors in Texas. The material is based on Section 18C of the Real Estate License Act, as amended by the 1985 Texas Legislature. Following a presentation on…

  12. 26 CFR 301.6075-1 - Time for filing estate and gift tax returns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Time for filing estate and gift tax returns... Records § 301.6075-1 Time for filing estate and gift tax returns. For provisions relating to time for filing estate tax returns and gift tax returns, see § 20.6075-1 of this chapter (Estate Tax Regulations...

  13. 26 CFR 1.857-2 - Real estate investment trust taxable income and net capital gain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... estate investment trust taxable income and net capital gain. (a) Real estate investment trust taxable... paid during the taxable year, and the net capital gain is excluded in computing real estate investment... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate investment trust taxable income and...

  14. The Dynamics of Real Estate Field of Value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuryj-Wysocka Oksana

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Property is worth only as much as market participants are willing to pay for it - that is as much as the potential of the property. Determining the potential of real estate is an extremely difficult task, because certain properties can be viewed in different ways. A person’s attitude towards a given real estate finds reflection in the value of the property.

  15. Methods of Assessing Noise Nuisance of Real Estate Surroundings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szopińska Kinga

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Testing what factors create the market value of real estate is key information when preparing property valuations as well as other opinions and professional evaluations on the basis of which court verdicts or administrative decisions are made. One of the factors influencing the value of some real estate is the level of noise present in the surroundings, which can lead to the occurrence of noise nuisance negatively affecting social relations.

  16. Artificial Neural Networks and the Mass Appraisal of Real Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gang Zhou

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of computer, artificial intelligence and big data technology, artificial neural networks have become one of the most powerful machine learning algorithms. In the practice, most of the applications of artificial neural networks use back propagation neural network and its variation. Besides the back propagation neural network, various neural networks have been developing in order to improve the performance of standard models. Though neural networks are well known method in the research of real estate, there is enormous space for future research in order to enhance their function. Some scholars combine genetic algorithm, geospatial information, support vector machine model, particle swarm optimization with artificial neural networks to appraise the real estate, which is helpful for the existing appraisal technology. The mass appraisal of real estate in this paper includes the real estate valuation in the transaction and the tax base valuation in the real estate holding. In this study we focus on the theoretical development of artificial neural networks and mass appraisal of real estate, artificial neural networks model evolution and algorithm improvement, artificial neural networks practice and application, and review the existing literature about artificial neural networks and mass appraisal of real estate. Finally, we provide some suggestions for the mass appraisal of China's real estate.

  17. Privatization of Land Plot Under Integral Real Estate Complex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maruchek A. A.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the questions concerning the privatization of a land plot under integral real estate complex. The authors come to conclusion that a number of legislation norms relating to privatization of a land plot do not take into account the construction of an integral real estate complex that could cause some problems in the realization of the right to privatization of the land plot

  18. Uranium mill tailings remedial action project real estate management plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-09-01

    This plan summarizes the real estate requirements of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Action (UMTRA) Project, identifies the roles and responsibilities of project participants involved in real estate activities, and describes the approaches used for completing these requirements. This document is intended to serve as a practical guide for all project participants. It is intended to be consistent with all formal agreements, but if a conflict is identified, the formal agreements will take precedence

  19. Outlook of India’s Real Estate Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Deshmukh, Hrishikesh

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation is aimed at analyzing the Indian Economy from a Macroeconomic view point, with a particular focus on the real Estate sector. The focus on the Real Estate sector includes analyzing the various factors which come into play in the sector, understanding underlying variables and identifying investment opportunities. The economy of India has undergone superb change in the past few decades. The growth of GDP, averaging to a 6% per annum rate, is astounding. The growth in GDP has...

  20. Real estate appraisal of land lots using GAMLSS models

    OpenAIRE

    Florencio, Lutemberg; Cribari-Neto, Francisco; Ospina, Raydonal

    2011-01-01

    The valuation of real estates (e.g., house, land, among others) is of extreme importance for decision making. Their singular characteristics make valuation through hedonic pricing methods dificult since the theory does not specify the correct regression functional form nor which explanatory variables should be included in the hedonic equation. In this article we perform real estate appraisal using a class of regression models proposed by Rigby & Stasinopoulos (2005): generalized additive mode...

  1. Gauging the investment potential of international real estate markets

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Stephen L.

    2005-01-01

    Investing in real estate markets overseas means venturing into the unknown, where you meet unfamiliar political and economic environments, unstable currencies, strange cultures and languages, and so although the advantages of international diversification might appear attractive, the risks of international investment must not be overlooked. However, capital markets are becoming global markets, and commercial real estate markets are no exception, accordingly despite the difficulties posed by v...

  2. Uranium mill tailings remedial action project real estate management plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-01

    This plan summarizes the real estate requirements of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Action (UMTRA) Project, identifies the roles and responsibilities of project participants involved in real estate activities, and describes the approaches used for completing these requirements. This document is intended to serve as a practical guide for all project participants. It is intended to be consistent with all formal agreements, but if a conflict is identified, the formal agreements will take precedence.

  3. The economics of real estate brokerage and contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Wignall, Christopher David

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation collects research on real estate brokerage and contract theory that was completed while the author was a student at the University of California, San Diego. Chapter 1 presents an empirical analysis of the role of social networks in economic decision-making. Specifically, it is demonstrated that individuals are likely to choose the same real estate agent as a peer who is in the same social network. Evidence is presented that the social influence comes through peer-to-peer com...

  4. Real estate valuation in the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Božić Branko S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is no complete and systemized infrastructure for efficient and reliable evaluation of real estates in the Republic of Serbia. This is confirmed by analysis of the applicable regulations which treat valuation of real estates in different ways. This practice contradicting numerous standards and applicable directives (INSPIRE directive, Strategy of the development of geospatial data infrastructure in the Republic of Serbia etc., as well as numerous other examples of good practice governing the activities of collecting and maintaining spatial data infrastructure. By the Law on State Survey and Cadaster of the 2009, the Republic Geodetic Authority is ensured to the jurisdiction of the development of mass appraisal, which should provide real estate market value for all real estates in the territory of the Republic of Serbia. In contrast, the position and the role of local government being increasable stronger in creating the budget, which is closely associated with the values of resources and capital which local government have. Determing the property tax is the responsibility of the local government and therefore its role in the process of valuation of immovable property is of great importance. In addition to local governments, the Tax Administration traditionally determines real estate values. This paper analyzes the current situation and initiate further activities on the development of the system of evaluation of real estates in the Republic of Serbia.

  5. Basic principles of scintillation counting; Principes de Base du Comptage par Scintillations; Osnovnye printsipy stsintillyatsij; Principios fundamentales del recuento con aparatos de centelleo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johns, H E; Cederlund, J F [Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto (Canada)

    1959-07-01

    The effect of the energy of radiation, the crystal size, the collimation of the beam and scattering on the pulse-height distribution produced by monoenergetic radiation will be discussed. These aspects will be related to scintillation scanning. The effects of voltage on the operation of photomultiplier s and so-called plateaus will be dealt with. Glow-transfer tubes for counting will be dealt with and a useful substraction circuit for comparing the counting rate from two separate scintillation counters will be presented. (author) [French] Les auteurs examineront l'effet de l'energie du rayonnement, de la dimension du cristal, de la collimation du faisceau et de la diffusion sur la repartition de l'amplitude des impulsions dues au rayonnement monoenergetique, en rattachant l'etude de ces questions a l'exploration par scintillations. Ils etudieront egalement les effets de la tension sur le fonctionnement des photomultiplicateurs et des , ainsi que l'utilisation de pour le comptage; ils presenteront enfin un circuit de soustraction utile servant a comparer le taux de comptage de deux scintillometres distincts. (author) [Spanish] Los autores estudiaran el efecto que la energia de la radiacion, el tamano del cristal, la colimacion del haz y la dispersion ejercen sobre la distribucion de la amplitud de los impulsos debida a la radiacion monoenergetica, relacionando todas estas cuestiones con la exploracion mediante aparatos de centelleo. Examinaran tambien la influencia de las variaciones de tension sobre el funcionamiento de los fotomultiplicadores y sobre las denominadas , asi como los tubos luminiscentes de transmision para el recuento; por ultimo, presentaran un circuito de sustraccion que sirve para comparar el indice de recuento de dos contadores de centelleo distintos. (author) [Russian] Budet obsuzhdat'sya vliyanie ehnergii izlucheniya, velichiny kristalla, kollimirovaniya lucha i, nakonets, rasseyaniya na amplitudnoe

  6. Introducción e integración de extranjeros en el Egipto del Reino Nuevo: una aproximación cuantitativa a los Anales de Tuthmosis III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerván, Héctor Horacio

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen En el Antiguo Egipto, como en todas las sociedades del discurso mítico, el orden y la interpretación del mundo se vinculaba con el plano cósmico. Los diversos mitos cosmogónicos sirvieron de sustrato ideológico al aparato estatal para fundamentar y legitimar su acción sobre los pueblos extranjeros circundantes. Pero, ¿este discurso mítico se correlacionaba directamente con la realidad histórica? En este trabajo nos proponemos responder esta pregunta a partir de un caso particular, los Anales de Tuthmosis III. Adoptaremos para este propósito una metodología esencialmente cuantitativa, haciendo uso de las herramientas que nos brinda la estadística descriptiva. El análisis estadístico será, entonces, un medio para un fin, que estará dado por la identificación de ciertos valores numéricos significativos de los Anales. A partir de esto, las categorías analíticas subyacentes a ellos serán analizadas históricamente para describir las lógicas de inclusión/exclusión de los extranjeros traídos a Egipto por las campañas del monarca. Abstract In Ancient Egypt, as in all societies of mythic discourse, order and interpretation of the world was linked to the cosmic plane. The various creation myths were used as ideological substrate from state apparatus to support and legitimize their actions on the surrounding foreign peoples. But, this mythic discourse was directly correlated with historical reality? In this paper we propose to answer this question from a particular case, the Annals of Thutmose III. We will adopt for this purpose an essentially quantitative methodology, using the tools provided to us by descriptive statistics. Statistical analysis will then be a means to an end, which is given by the identification of certain significant numerical values of the Annals. From this, the underlying analytical categories to be analyzed them historically to describe the logics of inclusion/exclusion of foreigners brought to Egypt

  7. The real estate market as the foundation of the value and forecast as a purpose: trend and real estate cycles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Rosasco

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this project is that of inquiring around the relations existing among the main variables characterizing the Genovese residential real estate market which determine their performance in time through the data analysis of the two observers of the real estate market: ASSIMIL and OMI. The analysis has developed on five selected market homogeneous areas within the territory of the town of Genoa. The aim is that to test whether it’s possible or not to recognize a cyclical of values in time and how they appear by using two different sources of data. The correct forecast of the real estate market is, in fact, strategic for the valuation of the feasibility of interventions and for the construction of reliable real estate investment scenarios.

  8. The future of trusts as an estate planning tool / Burger T.

    OpenAIRE

    Burger, Trinette

    2011-01-01

    Estate planning is an important exercise aimed at increasing, preserving and protecting assets during a person's lifetime and providing for the disposition and continued utilisation of these assets after his death. The minimisation of estate duty, however, often dominates the motivation behind estate planning and many of the tools, structures and techniques used as part of the estate planning exercise are aimed at reducing or avoiding estate duty. One of these tools is the trust. In the 2010 ...

  9. Does It Matter Whom an Agent Serves? Evidence from Recent Changes in Real Estate Agency Law.

    OpenAIRE

    Curran, Christopher; Schrag, Joel

    2000-01-01

    Recent changes in real estate law hastened the shift from a seller's agency regime, in which real estate agents serve the interests of sellers, to a buyer's agency regime, in which agents serve the interests of buyers. Using data from the Atlanta real estate market, we show that the shift to buyer's agency led to a significant decline in real estate prices in the market for relatively expensive houses, while real estate prices did not significantly change in the market for relatively inexpens...

  10. A low cost apparatus for measuring the xylem hydraulic conductance in plants Um aparato de baixo custo para medição da condutância hidráulica do xilema em plantas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Pereira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Plant yield and resistance to drought are directly related to the efficiency of the xylem hydraulic conductance and the ability of this system to avoid interrupting the flow of water. In this paper we described in detail the assembling of an apparatus proposed by TYREE et al. (2002, and its calibration, as well as low cost adaptations that make the equipment accessible for everyone working in this research area. The apparatus allows measuring the conductance in parts of roots or shoots (root ramifications or branches, or in the whole system, in the case of small plants or seedlings. The apparatus can also be used to measure the reduction of conductance by embolism of the xylem vessels. Data on the hydraulic conductance of eucalyptus seedlings obtained here and other reports in the literature confirm the applicability of the apparatus in physiological studies on the relationship between productivity and water stress.A produtividade das plantas e a capacidade de resistência à seca estão diretamente relacionadas com a eficiência da condutância hidráulica do xilema e a capacidade desse sistema em evitar a interrupção do fluxo de água. No presente trabalho, detalha-se a montagem de um aparato proposto por TYREE et al. (2002, e sua calibração, bem como adaptações com peças de menor custo que tornam o aparelho acessível a qualquer um trabalhando nesta linha de pesquisa. Esse aparato possibilita medir a condutância de partes do sistema radicular ou da parte aérea (ramificações radiculares ou ramos, ou em todo o sistema, no caso de plantas de porte pequeno ou plântulas. O aparato também pode ser usado para medir a redução da condutância pela embolização dos vasos do xilema. Medições de condutância hidráulica feitas em plântulas de eucalipto e outros trabalhos encontrados na literatura confirmaram a aplicabilidade desse aparato em estudos fisiológicos de produtividade relacionada ao estresse hídrico.

  11. Los pobres sujetos de pobreza : Iglesia, sociedad, caridad cristiana y beneficiencia estatal en el siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Domínguez San Martín

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En la primera mitad del siglo XIX hay una evolución a la respuesta del problema que plantea la pobreza y la ingente masa de pobres, que ya se viene produciendo, sobre todo, desde el siglo XVI. Es el paso de una caridad Cristiana a una beneficiencia estatal acentuado y agudizado por la secularización de la sociedad, la desamortización, las guerras, etc.. A ello hay que darle respuestas, que antes eran dadas, prioritariamente, por y desde la Iglesia y que ahora las acaparará el Estado.In the first haif of 19" centurythe response ti the probiem of poverty and the immense amount of impoverished people evolved. The increa in povery has beeen progressively growing, especially since the 1st century. It is the transition from christiam charity to State assistance, supported by the secularization ofsociety, the sale of church lands, wars, etc.. To this answers had to be given by the State that were previorisly given by the church.

  12. Real Estate Crowdfunding. Un’innovazione finanziaria per gli investimenti immobiliari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giacomo Morri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Questo articolo presenta una panoramica del crowdfunding e delle sue potenziali applicazioni al settore immobiliare. La crisi economica globale del 2008 ha condotto a una paralisi dell’economia che ha comportato la riduzione della fiducia nel sistema bancario e nei servizi finanziari in generale. Nell’ultimo decennio una delle tecniche di finanziamento più rivoluzionaria è stata il crowdfunding, cioè la possibilità di essere finanziati dalla “folla” (crowd attraverso l’utilizzo di Internet. Il crowdfunding nel settore immobiliare ha origine negli Stati Uniti nel 2012 con il Jumpstart Our Business Start-up Act (JOBS Act, dove da allora si sta sviluppando a ritmi elevati. In Italia, il crowdfunding per progetti nel settore immobiliare non si è ancora sviluppato in quanto la legge in concreto non ne consente l’utilizzo; tuttavia esistono alcune piattaforme che stanno utilizzando il concetto in modi differenti, raccogliendo un certo interesse. Il Real Estate Crowdfunding può rappresentare un’interessante opportunità per i privati che vogliono investire nel settore immobiliare, ma non hanno abbastanza capitale per partecipare a grandi transazioni o esperienza nella gestione. In quest’articolo, dopo un’iniziale descrizione del crowdfunding in generale, ci si focalizza sulla sua applicazione nel settore immobiliare, analizzando il mercato statunitense dove vi sono le piattaforme più sviluppate. Infine, si presenta una panoramica del mercato italiano, spiegando le normative e i limiti del crowdfunding e descrivendo la modalità operativa sviluppata da alcune piattaforme per superare legalmente tali limitazioni. Negli Stati Uniti sono già operative oltre 125 piattaforme con una raccolta superiore a un miliardo di dollari; in Italia invece ci sono ancora limiti per le start-up che si occupano di crowdfunding e sono state create solo poche piattaforme che operano con un modello parzialmente diverso.

  13. What is the best way to enter Florida's real estate market in today's economy? : This may serve as a simple guide which offers options for a startup real estate company to enter any real estate market

    OpenAIRE

    Bryan, Paul

    2011-01-01

    P&I International real estate (PIIRE for short) is a real estate company which left the Florida real estate market in 2006. PIIRE is now seeking the best method to re-enter the Florida’s real estate market within the near future. The owners are seeking the best method to re-establish their real estate business in Florida. At this point the location in Florida has not yet been determined. The determining factors include financing options, business type entry mode, and governmental issues. ...

  14. Real Estate Crowdfunding. A financial innovation for direct property investment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giacomo Morri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to provide a simple overview on crowdfunding with a focus on its potential application to the real estate market. The Global Financial Crisis of 2008 paralyzed the global economy, creating a strong diminishing trust in financial services and in the banking system in general. One of the most revolutionary systems to get funded in the market has been crowdfunding, a way of financing coming directly from the crowd through the Internet. Crowdfunding in real estate started in 2012 with the Jumpstart Our Business Startup Act (JOBS Act in USA and has been developing at a fast rate every year. In Italy, crowdfunding for real estate projects is not allowed yet, but there are various platforms that are already using the concept in different ways. Real Estate Crowdfunding could represent an interesting opportunity for private individual to have an exposure to direct real estate investments. After an initial description of crowdfunding in general, we present real estate crowdfunding in the U.S. by presenting the most relevant cases up to date. Finally, we analyze the Italian market by explaining why this innovative way of financing real estate projects is not feasible yet and how some platforms are legally trying to overcome the current limitations. In the U.S. the RECF has already raised more than $1 billion and there are more than 125 platforms; in Italy there are still limits for startups dealing with crowdfunding and a few platforms are starting to operate with a similar model.

  15. The Impact of Real Estate Market in the Albanian Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina Kripa

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The real estate market has an important impact on social and economic development of a country, and it involves many aspects which increase the complexity of the impact analysis and often have opposite directions. This can be supported by the fact that real estate is one of the most important items in public spending3, but also in investment expenses in general (this is especially typical for Albania. These expenses are mainly related to infrastructure and accommodation of homeless people by the National Housing Entity. Researchers have studied the relation between the price of real estates with the GDP of a country, concluding that real estate prices and the government policies related to them, do impact the GDP growth, and movements in residential prices can be used to forecast GDP growth. On the other hand, when purchasing a home, individuals use all their savings, or take loans, which constantly cause the reduction of consumption and saving possibilities in order to afford the installments and other loan expenses. So, from this point of view, this investment may have an adverse effect, even on GDP. But, the question we raise in this study is: what impact has the real estate market in Albanian economy? We begin the study by emphasizing the importance of the real estate market, and then we identify key developments related to this market’s financing, price developments and the construction activity, as an important part of the market itself. The study is concluded with a regression analysis on the role the real estate market plays in the Albanian economy.

  16. DESIGNING PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FOR BONTANG INDUSTRIAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adjie Pamungkas

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bontang Local Government has planned Bontang Industrial Estate (BIE to accommodate oil, gas, condensate and other industries.  The estate will need investment for about IDR. 2.27 Trillion while the total annual local government budget is near to IDR 2 Trillion. Moreover, the estate has to be operated in a business manner while the local government officers have a culture in non-profit organisation as part of bureaucracy. However, the BIE feasibility study 2013 has determined that the estate will generate economic multipliers boosting the city development.  Therefore, a partnership among government and private parties should be determined and accommodated in a proper cooperation arrangement. To design the partnership, we review literature, interview related private parties and confirm opinions of the private parties to the governments. A content analysis was used to assess information from the interviews. Considering the final outputs, BIE should be organised by a pure private enterprise or Ltd. to ensure the economic viable of the estate. The Ltd. is a partnership among the government and private parties via shareholders. The government can still hold a majority share with special arrangement in investment scheme. For the initial investments, the government can use its assets valued as 51% of total share while private parties can inject cash money equal to 49% of the total.  With this capital arrangement, the estate can be operated with initial investment for about IDR. 267.11 Billion on 244.97 Ha land. This initial investment can be profitable with IDR. 650 Billion NPV, 19.93% IRR and 13.95 year PP.Bontang Local Government has planned Bontang Industrial Estate (BIE to accommodate oil, gas, condensate and other industries.

  17. Demografía y economía de una capital estatal. Mexicali, Baja California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Estrella Valenzuela

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This work has as a main objective, to identify, in a general way, the sectors of the economical activity in which the city of Mexicali presents a grade of specialization in respect to the state of Baja California in general. To accomplish such objective, in the first part, the general characteri'stics that have definedthe tendencies of demographic behavior in this zone of the country through the 20th century are marked, with the purpose of making evident the nexus that has existed between the modalities that have assumed the economical development of Mexicali, and the fluctuations that have been observed in the components of its population dynamic. The second part of this work is about the evaluation of the specialization of the economical structure of Mexicali, related to the capacity of creating jobs, and the kind of jobs that are created. In this case, tha analitic perspective ofthe "economical basis" is used, since it's important to show the role the border with the United States has played, in relation to the possibilities -past and present- of development in the economy of this area through the capacity of responding to the external demand of goods and services.

  18. Sobre la natura dels estats. Una revisió basada en corpus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Coll-florit

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to offer a new approach to the aspectual category of states based on Catalan data extracted from corpus. The goal is twofold: firstly, to point out that states constitute a gradual category; and secondly, to highlight that syntactic variability within the stative predicates category receives a more understandable and clear explanation if the different possibilities of situation conceptualization are taken into account.

  19. Pricing real estate index options under stochastic interest rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Pu; Dai, Jun

    2017-08-01

    Real estate derivatives as new financial instruments are not merely risk management tools but also provide a novel way to gain exposure to real estate assets without buying or selling the physical assets. Although real estate derivatives market has exhibited a rapid development in recent years, the valuation challenge of real estate derivatives remains a great obstacle for further development in this market. In this paper, we derive a partial differential equation contingent on a real estate index in a stochastic interest rate environment and propose a modified finite difference method that adopts the non-uniform grids to solve this problem. Numerical results confirm the efficiency of the method and indicate that constant interest rate models lead to the mispricing of options and the effects of stochastic interest rates on option prices depend on whether the term structure of interest rates is rising or falling. Finally, we have investigated and compared the different effects of stochastic interest rates on European and American option prices.

  20. Real estate boom and export performance bust in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Tkalec

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research is to estimate the effect of resource reallocation from the manufacturing to the real estate economic sector on exporting activity in Croatia, a small open post-transition country that experienced a real estate boom during the previous decade. This paper follows the work by Égert and Kierzenkowski (2014 as we test the hypothesis that the real estate boom had an adverse impact on country’s export performance. For that purpose we use quarterly data ranging from 1Q1998 to 3Q2013, and estimate export equations using maximum likelihood and dynamic ordinary least squares estimators of cointegration. Our results indicate that the distortion of relative prices in favor of non-tradable sectors (construction and real estate, which is a direct by-product of the real estate boom, has had stifling effects on export performance. Our results also suggest that ailing cost competitiveness and governments’ inability to implement policies promoting private sector economic development adversely influenced export performance during the period analyzed. The basic conclusion of our research is that the expansion of a non-tradable sector in a country with limited supply of production factors can have a detrimental effect on the ability of the tradable sector to increase its output and compete in international markets.

  1. Market Motivations for Voluntary Carbon Disclosure in Real Estate Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ufere, Kalu Joseph; Alias, Buang; Godwin Uche, Aliagha

    2016-07-01

    Climate change mitigation in developing economies is a balancing act, between economic development and environmental sustainability. The need for market friendly determinants for low carbon economy, without compromising economic development is of essence. The aim of the study is to determine market friendly factors, which motivates voluntary carbon information disclosure, in the real estate industry. The study modeled economic factor with three variables and financial market factor with three variables against voluntary carbon information disclosure in the real estate industry. Structural equation modeling was used for the modeling and content analysis was used to collect data on the level of voluntary carbon information disclosure, from 2013 annual reports of 126 real estate sector companies listed in the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE). The model achieved a good fit, and was acceptable prediction. The results show that financial market factor has a significant predictive influence on voluntary carbon disclosure. The application of the result is that financial market factor is has a significantly positive influence on companies’ willingness to make voluntary carbon disclosure in the real estate industry. The result may be limited to the real estate industry that is highly leveraged on syndicated fund.

  2. Mineral Resource Information System for Field Lab in the Osage Mineral Reservation Estate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carroll, H.B.; Johnson, William I.

    1999-04-27

    The Osage Mineral Reservation Estate is located in Osage County, Oklahoma. Minerals on the Estate are owned by members of the Osage Tribe who are shareholders in the Estate. The Estate is administered by the Osage Agency, Branch of Minerals, operated by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Oil, natural gas, casinghead gas, and other minerals (sand, gravel, limestone, and dolomite) are exploited by lessors. Operators may obtain from the Branch of Minerals and the Osage Mineral Estate Tribal Council leases to explore and exploit oil, gas, oil and gas, and other minerals on the Estate. Operators pay a royalty on all minerals exploited and sold from the Estate. A mineral Resource Information system was developed for this project to evaluate the remaining hydrocarbon resources located on the Estate. Databases on Microsoft Excel spreadsheets of operators, leases, and production were designed for use in conjunction with an evaluation spreadsheet for estimating the remaining hydrocarbons on the Estate.

  3. LA SEGURIDAD EN GRÚAS Y APARATOS ELEVADORES EN EL SECTOR DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN. METODOLOGÍA Y CASOS PRÁCTICOS

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez-Ramírez, Vanessa

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es concienciar de la importancia de la buena planificación en obra. Es vital para un buen desarrollo del trabajo, de una forma segura y eficiente para todos, que se realice un buen estudio y plan de seguridad y salud y que se tomen en serio las medidas preventivas de todos y cada uno de los componentes de las obras. Mi contundencia en el parágrafo anterior proviene de una experiencia previa, en la que habiendo realizado más de 200 auditorías de obra,...

  4. 26 CFR 20.6036-1 - Notice of qualification as executor of estate of decedent dying before 1971.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... includible in the decedent's gross estate under section 2107(b) are to be added to the value on the date of... estate tax provisions), a preliminary notice must be filed on Form 705 if the value on the date of the..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER...

  5. GENDER ROLE DISTRIBUTION IN RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE FAMILY DECISION MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina R. KANCHEVA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Purchase and consumption behavioral patterns of various family formations in different social and cultural contexts have been subject to intensive investigation over the recent years. Residential real estate as a product category represents one of the most complex household purchases incorporating a wide diversity of attributes to be considered in order to match family members’ needs within available resources. The purpose of this paper is to add some insights into spousal perceptions of gender role specialization throughout a residential real estate purchase family decision-making process. The distribution of influence between husbands and wives across three decision-making stages, three sub-decisions and twelve housing attribute choices and the relative importance of twelve residential real estate characteristics are examined using a convenience sample of both spouses in 127 Bulgarian heterosexual married and cohabiting couples.

  6. Retail and Real Estate: The Changing Landscape of Care Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Scott A

    2015-01-01

    By its nature, retail medicine is founded in real estate. That retail medicine has expanded so dramatically in a relatively short period of time has taken people by surprise. This rapid growth of integrating healthcare services into retail real estate begs the question of whether real estate will eventually take on the importance in healthcare delivery that it has in retail. This article advances the view that it will. In the end, what retail and healthcare have in common is that they both reflect the attributes of demanding consumers as part of an experience-based economy, where products and services are sought based on how they fit with their lifestyles and how they make them feel (Pine and Gilmore 1998). Changing the selection process for healthcare services to be more like retail is already expanding how and where healthcare services are delivered.

  7. Ghost Stories, Ghost Estates: Melancholia in Irish Recession Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molly Slavin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers representations of melancholia in post-Celtic Tiger Irish literature. By situating their post-recession fictions in “ghost estates,” or largely uninhabited housing developments, Donal Ryan and Tana French present neoliberally-inflected varieties of melancholia for their contemporary readers to contemplate. The settings of the ghost estates – and the accompanying supernatural elements to the texts – call to mind ghosts of Ireland’s past and legacies of recent economically unsound policies, spurring the reader to think about the imagined loss of futurity that accompanied the Irish economic crash. “Ghost stories for ghost estates,” then, represent an important contribution to the growing field of post-recession Irish literature.

  8. The Role Of Social Media In Real Estate Marketing: A Research On The Transformation Of Real Estate Marketing In Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Çiğdem Aytekin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available While the new media changes our daily life practices, it also causes some transformations in thefield of marketing. Today it can be said that the real estate sector is also inevitably affected by thistransformation and that it has developed new business models that include social media. Alexa is awebsite managed by amazon.com, which displays web traffic on a world and country basis. In this way,businesses can continuously monitor the visitor performance of their websites. In this study, the rankingsof the Alexa web site were used to construct the sample of the research and in this way the visitortraffic was determined by the highest five real estate website in Turkey tracing techniques. On theother hand, the practices of real estate web sites to use social networks have been compared to the Alexavalue ranks by examining them on specific networks and within defined metrics. Thus, it can beshown whether the real estate web site with the highest value metric has the same order in the Alexavaluation, and the role of social media in real estate marketing is evaluated within the dimensions oftransformation. Research is essential since it makes an instantaneous evaluation of the circumstancesand snaps a moment in the timeline.

  9. El cabildo catedralicio de Segovia como aparato de poder en el sistema político urbano durante el siglo XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel SANTAMARÍA LANCHO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo pretendo analizar algunos aspectos de la recuperación castellana del siglo XV. Este período ha sido justamente considerado como una etapa expansiva tras la crisis bajomedieval. Existen, y han sido difundidos profusamente, indicadores de la temprana recuperación económica de la Corona de Castilla. No pretendo aquí incidir en algo que ya resulta sobradamente conocido, sino mostrar cómo el proceso de recuperación no debe ser considerado simplemente como una fase A de un ciclo económico —durante la cual se recupera la población, aumenta la producción agraria, se roturan nuevos campos, crece la producción de manufacturas y se amplían los intercambios—, sino que en este siglo, desde mi punto de vista, se verifican las últimas fases de un largo proceso de elaboración del sistema de reproducción social de los grupos privilegiados de la sociedad castellana. En definitiva, al igual que la crisis del XIV no puede intepretarse como una crisis malthusiana, tampoco ha de interpretarse el siglo XV como una expansión malthusiana.

  10. THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN ROMANIA IN THE MARKET APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mihaela Onica

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A real estate market is a group of companies or people that are in contact, aimed at conducting real estate transactions. The market participants may be represented by buyers, sellers, tenants, owners, debtors and creditors, entrepreneurs, managers, investors and intermediaries. The concepts of anticipation and change, with the principles of supply and demand, substitution, balance and external conditions are extremely important in the market approach. An appraiser takes into account all these principles and simulateneously tries to consider all relevant conditions for the problem appraisal, so that they could reflect reality and the local market conditions.

  11. Consentimiento estatal al arbitraje del CIADI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Pacheco , Yaritza

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El arbitraje en materia de inversión extranjera con especial atención a la jurisdicción del Centro Internacional de Arreglo de Diferencias Relativas a Inversiones, conocido como CIADI, es parte del Derecho Internacional de las Inversiones. El CIADI creado en el Convenio de Washington de 1965 se ha constituido en el foro natural para conocer de las controversias entre un Estado receptor y un inversor nacional de otro Estado. En este contexto se cuestionan varios aspectos vinculados a la formación del consentimiento para someterse al arbitraje internacional, en particular las modalidades (contrato, legislación y tratados y efectos de la manifestación del consentimiento por parte del Estado receptor de la inversión. En este trabajo se ha empleado el método de análisis de casos para extraer parámetros generales en la materia. En la actualidad el arbitraje internacional es una garantía ofrecida por el Estado, lo cual ha generado un clima de mayor seguridad para los inversores extranjeros en el trato con los Estados receptores de inversión y ha incentivado el crecimiento del comercio internacional.

  12. 38 CFR 36.4354 - Estate of veteran in real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... fee simple estate therein, legal or equitable; or (2) A leasehold estate running or renewable at the... subjected to the lien; or (4) A beneficial interest in a revocable Family Living Trust that ensures that the...

  13. 38 CFR 36.4515 - Estate of veteran in real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: (1) A fee simple estate therein, legal or equitable; or (2) A leasehold estate running or renewable..., except as modified by paragraph (b) of this section; or (4) A beneficial interest in a revocable Family...

  14. 20 CFR 404.1082 - Rentals from real estate; material participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... a real estate dealer if you are engaged in the business of selling real estate to customers for... convenience and are other than those usually provided in connection with the rental of rooms or other space...

  15. How to fund assetless estates in insolvency? Assessing European funding mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijck, G.

    2014-01-01

    Insolvency law faces the challenge of properly liquidating insolvent estates. To achieve this, insolvency representatives need to be skilled, and paid. Countries have adopted different models for compensating insolvency representatives who liquidate estates. While a proper insolvency funding

  16. How to Fund Assetless Estates in Insolvency? Assessing European Funding Mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijck, G.

    2014-01-01

    Insolvency law faces the challenge of properly liquidating insolvent estates. To achieve this, insolvency representatives need to be skilled, and paid. Countries have adopted differ- ent models for compensating insolvency representatives who liquidate estates. While a proper insolvency funding

  17. The Analysis of Customer Purchase Intention of Houses Using Real Estate Agent in Manado Based on Psychological Factors

    OpenAIRE

    Ticoalu, Vinny O.

    2015-01-01

    Real estate agent business field is become a trend nowadays. Real estate agent helped customers to buy or sell a house. Psychological factors has an influence in real estate agent busniess, customers mostly asked the opinion from others about the real estate agent in case they do not want to choose a wrong real estate agent. This research aims to analyze the influence of psychological factors on customers purchase intention in using real estate agent in Manado. This research used a multiple l...

  18. A 4{pi} Anticoincidence Arrangement for Measurements of Beta-Ray Emitting Isotopes; Montage a Anticoiencidence 4{pi} pour la Mesure des Radioisotopes Emetteurs Beta; 4{pi} sistema schetchikov antisovpadenij dlya izmerenij beta-izluchayushchikh izotopov; Aparato de Recuento 4{pi} en Anticoincidencia para Medir Emisores Beta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srdoc, D. [Institute ' ' Ruder Boskovic' ' , Zagreb, Yugoslavia (Croatia)

    1965-10-15

    compteurs sont disposes de maniere que les fenetres se trouvent l'une et l'autre en face de l'echantillon, un espace etroit etant menage pour le porte-echantillon. L'echantillon est etale sur une mince pellicule de matiere plastique metallisee. Les impulsions fournies par les deux compteurs en presence des particules beta provenant de l'echantillon sont enregistrees, donnant une geometrie de comptage 4{pi}. Les impulsions dues aux particules cosmiques actionnant les deux compteurs simultanement sont annulees par un simple dispositif d'anticofncidence a pont, ce qui supprime la necessite d'un circuit electronique selecteur. En outre, les compteurs a plateaux paralleles utilises pour la mesure des particules beta sont peu sensibles aux rayonnements gamma a proximite du seuil de tension, ce qui contribue a reduire encore le bruit de fond. Le montage decrit permet aussi de mesurer l'activite de sources beta de haute energie et de sources gamma, etant donne que la geometrie proposee empeche le declenchement simultane des deux compteurs, lequel se produit, par contre, dans les ensembles de comptage classiques a anneau de garde. (author) [Spanish] La memoria describe un aparato de recuento 4{pi} en anticoincidencia, de baja actividad de fondo, formado por dos contadores especiales de placas paralelas y un circuito de anticoincidencia en puente. Los contadores son del tipo 'oblea', planos, con ventana de mica. Su diametro es mucho mayor que el espacio que media entre las placas. Pese a la geometria peculiar de los contadores sus propiedades de recuento son satisfactorias gracias a la flexibilidad lograda al emplear una mezcla de neon y halogeno. Los contadores estan dispuestos de manera que ambas ventanas miran hacia la muestra, dejando una ranura estrecha para el portamuestras. La muestra se extiende sobre una delgada pelicula de material plastico metalizado. Se registran los impulsos que originan en ambos contadores las particulas beta emitidas por la muestra, obteniendose una

  19. Distance Learning and the Future of Kamehameha Schools Bishop Estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Henry E.

    1995-01-01

    This article details some of the ways that the Kamehameha Schools Bishop Estate (Hawaii) is dealing with the challenge of education in the computer age, including distance learning, Internet linkups, the Hawaii Educational Wide Area Network, and campus closed-circuit and cable television. (SM)

  20. 25 CFR 117.28 - Payment of claims against estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... COMPETENCY § 117.28 Payment of claims against estates. The superintendent may disburse to the executor or... the Indian. (b) Expenses incurred pending the qualifications of an executor or administrator under... executor or administrator, transcript fees and appraiser fees. (d) Living expenses incurred within 90 days...

  1. An Analysis of the Real Estate Property Managing Occupation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, James E.

    The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the real estate property manager occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Eleven duties are broken down…

  2. Risk-neutral valuation of real estate derivatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bragt, D.; Francke, M.K.; Singor, S.N.; Pelsser, A.

    2015-01-01

    Despite the importance of residential real estate as both an asset class for investors and as a source of "housing services" for individual home owners, as well as the relatively high volatility in house prices, markets for derivative instruments to hedge these risks have been slow to develop. The

  3. Strategies for healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, James G

    2012-05-01

    Adventist HealthCare offers the following lessons learned in improving the value of healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management: Use an integrated approach. Ensure that the objectives of the approach align the hospital or health system's mission and values. Embrace innovation. Develop a plan that applies to the whole organization, rather than specific business units. Ensure commitment of senior leaders.

  4. Employablity Skills among Graduates of Estate Management in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egbenta, Idu Robert

    2015-01-01

    There is wide claim that employers have a high level of dissatisfaction associated with graduates from Nigeria higher institutions of learning. This paper examines whether graduates of estate management in Nigeria higher institutions have employability skills for productive employment. The study randomly sampled 59 principal partners or heads of…

  5. an examination of estate surveyors and valuers' perception of flood

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-11-27

    Nov 27, 2013 ... Key words: Estate Surveyors, Perception, Flood risk, Residential .... islands separated by creeks on a vast lagoon on ... the coastal low land of south western Nigeria – ... tropical continental with rainfall almost ... vegetation is salt water mangrove swamp forest .... have afforded them the opportunity of being.

  6. Modelling real estate business for governance and learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2006-01-01

    as identified and declared areas of excellence. Within the above context, the paper refers to outcomes and experiences from the research action: Modelling Real Property Transactions (2001-2005). Among others, processes related to real estate (purchase, subdivision) were modelled and corresponding ontologies...

  7. DEVELOPMENT TOOLKIT FOR REAL ESTATE MARKET ANALYSIS OF MOSCOW REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Yu. Yushin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the developmentdirection of the tools of the secondary realestate market analysis associated withthe identification of market. Assessment of their quality, the relationship with each other and real estate, will improve thealgorithms for identifying repetitive objectsto exclude unreliable supply of assessment activities and a new perspective onthe dynamics of the market.

  8. 12 CFR 560.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., and reporting requirements to monitor compliance with the savings association's real estate lending... institutions' business plans and, when undertaken in a prudent manner, will not be subject to examiner... policies and strategic plan. Factors that should be considered include: • The size and financial condition...

  9. Obstacles to developing sustainable cities: the real estate rigidity trap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Kelly Turner

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Sprawl patterns of urbanization have large environmental consequences, and sustainable alternatives to conventional urban patterns of development have been promoted by a subset of planners, design professionals, and municipalities. These alternatives have not been widely adopted among real estate developers, actors with large influence over urban form and function. Existing explanations for this failure enumerate market and regulatory barriers but do not sufficiently describe the institutional structures that allow conventional approaches to prevail. A failure of real estate developers to adopt alternative forms of development can best be described in terms of a rigidity trap. Specifically, norms of practice within the real estate development industry combine with market and regulatory factors to favor existing practices and limit innovation. Moreover, these institutional factors also buffer the real estate development industry from feedback mechanisms and external signals that might otherwise trigger adaptation. Addressing the environmental consequences of urbanization not only requires novel approaches to urban design, but will also necessitate addressing systemic pathologies in the design implementation process.

  10. A state-space model for residential real estate valuation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Francke, M.

    2010-01-01

    All property in the Netherlands has to be appraised yearly. Yearly valuation has only been made possible with the help of models. The number of real estate appraisers is simply too small to value the more than 7 million residential properties. This paper describes the statistical model that is used

  11. Corporate real estate management stratgies in Dutch higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theo van der Voordt; Ronald Beckers

    2014-01-01

    Purpose This paper aims to explore the management approaches concerned with the process of aligning Corporate Real Estate (CRE) with organizational goals on a strategic level and regarding day-to-day operating activities in higher education institutes. Methodology/approach – The paper first outlines

  12. An Analysis of Discrimination by Real Estate Brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yinger, John

    This paper focuses on designing policies to eliminate discrimination in the sale of single-family houses by analyzing the behavior of the agents who actually do most of the discriminating, namely real estate agents. Discriminatory practices are said to be supported by policies of house builders, lending institutions, and government, and by the…

  13. 26 CFR 1.47-5 - Estates and trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Computing Credit for Investment in Certain Depreciable Property § 1.47-5 Estates and trusts. (a) In general... computing qualified investment with respect to such property, a recapture determination shall be made with... such properties is $15,000, computed as follows: Basis Applicable percentage Qualified investment $7...

  14. 26 CFR 1.48-6 - Estates and trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Computing Credit for Investment in Certain Depreciable Property § 1.48-6 Estates and trusts. (a) In general... properties plus the qualified investment with respect to the total cost of used section 38 properties... investment with respect to the total bases of all new section 38 properties plus the qualified investment...

  15. Customer satisfaction amongst users of estate surveying and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Customer satisfaction and service quality are crucial factors in real estate professional service delivery. Firm size, amongst other factors, influences firms' service quality and hence its customers' satisfaction levels. This study investigated the influence of firm size on customer satisfaction levels of users of professional ...

  16. An APPRAISAL analysis of the language of real estate advertisements

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article focuses on the linguistic choices made by estate agencies in their advertisements of houses, and how these choices compare across two competing agencies in Grahamstown, South Africa – Remax Frontier and Pam Golding Properties. Using Martin and White's (2005) APPRAISAL system, it investigates the ...

  17. Radical 10-point plan to refocus NHS estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Conor; Baldwin, Ed; Dick, Rachel

    2010-11-01

    Conor Ellis, head of health, Ed Baldwin, partner, and Rachel Dick, consultant, at international built asset consultancy EC Harris, present a "10-step guide" to help the NHS achieve radical efficiency savings, optimise the use of its estate, maximise the value of under-utilised land, buildings, and other assets, and harness better value from its existing FM operations.

  18. Corporate real estate alignment strategies in Dutch higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theo van der Voordt; Ronald Beckers

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to explore the management approaches concerned with the process of aligning Corporate Real Estate (CRE) with organizational goals on a strategic level and regarding day-to-day operating activities in higher education institutes. Methodology/approach – The paper first

  19. Corporate real estate strategies for future higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ronald Beckers; Driessen Jasper

    2017-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to explore the alignment of Corporate Real Estate (CRE) strategies of Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences (UAS) with the developments in higher education. Methodology/approach – The paper first illustrates the key developments in higher education learning and

  20. Estate Planning for Parents of a Learning Disabled Child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitman, Robert

    Considerations in estate planning for learning disabled children are presented from the perspective of an individual who is both a lawyer and the parent of a learning disabled child. It is suggested that an important goal for parents is to train the child to be able to deal with his/her financial situation. Early training in the habit of saving…

  1. 32 CFR 644.23 - Real Estate Planning Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies... of any peculiar or unusual problems anticipated in connection with the proposed acquisition including... property for U.S. Army Reserve and Army National Guard use by transfer from another military department or...

  2. The role of smart home in smart real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Allameh, E.; Heidari Jozam, M.; Vries, de B.; Timmermans, H.J.P.; Beetz, J.; Mozaffar, F.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review an emerging type of dwelling, indicated as Smart Home, with a focus on future user lifestyles and needs. Trends toward sustainability and technological changes dramatically alter the concepts of Smart Home. Consequently, real estate decisions are

  3. Geospatial Web Services in Real Estate Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radulovic, Aleksandra; Sladic, Dubravka; Govedarica, Miro; Popovic, Dragana; Radovic, Jovana

    2017-12-01

    Since the data of cadastral records are of great importance for the economic development of the country, they must be well structured and organized. Records of real estate on the territory of Serbia met many problems in previous years. To prevent problems and to achieve efficient access, sharing and exchange of cadastral data on the principles of interoperability, domain model for real estate is created according to current standards in the field of spatial data. The resulting profile of the domain model for the Serbian real estate cadastre is based on the current legislation and on Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) which is specified in the ISO19152 standard. Above such organized data, and for their effective exchange, it is necessary to develop a model of services that must be provided by the institutions interested in the exchange of cadastral data. This is achieved by introducing a service-oriented architecture in the information system of real estate cadastre and with that ensures efficiency of the system. It is necessary to develop user services for download, review and use of the real estate data through the web. These services should be provided to all users who need access to cadastral data (natural and legal persons as well as state institutions) through e-government. It is also necessary to provide search, view and download of cadastral spatial data by specifying geospatial services. Considering that real estate contains geometric data for parcels and buildings it is necessary to establish set of geospatial services that would provide information and maps for the analysis of spatial data, and for forming a raster data. Besides the theme Cadastral parcels, INSPIRE directive specifies several themes that involve data on buildings and land use, for which data can be provided from real estate cadastre. In this paper, model of geospatial services in Serbia is defined. A case study of using these services to estimate which household is at risk of

  4. Online Marketing Issues of Real Estate Companies: a Case of Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Dumpe, M

    2015-01-01

    Today online marketing has become an integral part of marketing mix. Potential real estate customers prefer to make online research themselves. Therefore, real estate companies should be ready that search engines, corporate web pages, profiles on social media sites should strengthen the image of real estate companies and ensure better communication with customers. The aim of this paper is to explore results of qualitative research regarding real estate online marketing activities. It has been...

  5. Trust in a viable real estate economy with disruption and blockchain

    OpenAIRE

    Veuger, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Does real estate still have the value that it once had, or will the valuation of real estate change due to surprising products and services, innovative business models, different market strategies, innovative ways of organizing and managing in the (real estate) markets? Innovation revolves around good facilities in an attractive and stimulating environment. Take disruptive real estate. The driving force behind these developments are new technology, viability, organizing differently and managi...

  6. APPLICATION OF THE SYNERGETIC APPROACH IN THE THEORY OF REAL ESTATE VALUATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga BUZU

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Synergetic approach is especially evident in the area of real estate valuation. Constituents and legal and material elements of the real estate, many components of these objects imply the emergence of new qualities (high value of the unique real estate. It is proposed to analyze the synergy of different levels in determining the value of real estate, with the inclusion of the principle of synergy in a set of principles for determining the property value.

  7. Factors Affecting the Provision of Quality Service in Real Estate Agency in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Funmilayo Moyinola Araloyin; OJO Olatoye

    2011-01-01

    Real estate firms attempting to increase and retain their customers need to know the factors contributing to customers¡¯ satisfaction and retention. This study investigate into real estate agency market with the purposes of identifying factors that affect quality in service provision and possible factors contributing to customers¡¯ satisfaction and retention in real estate agency. This study uses survey questionnaires to obtain information from real estate consumers. This sample size consiste...

  8. Land grab. More investors offer hospitals cash for their real estate as providers hunt for capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Melanie

    2011-03-07

    More real estate investors are offering hospitals cash for real estate as providers tap into their assets for capital. But if REITs are banking on providers cashing in their real estate chips, that's not happening yet, says Mike O'Keefe, left, of Navigant Consulting. The capital flooding into healthcare real estate has met with a limited supply of sellers. "That's what's driving some of this consolidation," O'Keefe said.

  9. THE EVOLUTION OF THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the evolution of the real estate market of the Republic of Armenia. It presents the emergence and development of real estate market after the collapse of the USSR. The main influence on the impact of the global financial crisis on the real estate market in Republic of Armenia. Discusses some of the important issues for long-term development of the real estate market.

  10. THE EVOLUTION OF THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

    OpenAIRE

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    The article describes the evolution of the real estate market of the Republic of Armenia. It presents the emergence and development of real estate market after the collapse of the USSR. The main influence on the impact of the global financial crisis on the real estate market in Republic of Armenia. Discusses some of the important issues for long-term development of the real estate market.

  11. Una propuesta didáctica orientada a facilitar el aprendizaje y comprensión de los circuitos eléctricos en serie, paralelos y mixtos, usando como pretexto las constelaciones celestes

    OpenAIRE

    Flórez Bohórquez, Ángela Liliana

    2013-01-01

    Aunque el tema “circuitos eléctricos” genera una amplia expectativa entre la mayoría de los estudiantes, debido en su mayor parte a las aplicaciones directas que tienen los circuitos eléctricos sobre el funcionamiento de aparatos electrónicos y tecnología en general, la motivación casi innata se evapora en el ambiente rápidamente, al momento de iniciar la exposición de los conceptos del tema. Esto puede ser producto de variables como la falta de bases conceptuales y herramie...

  12. Problems Related to the Abolition of Divided Real Estate Ownership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinsberga Jolanta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Legal relationship between apartment owners in residential buildings and the land owners, that is, divided real estate ownership, was created in the Republic of Latvia in 1990, within the framework of the Land Reform, restoring property rights of the former owners or their heirs or privatising apartments in multi-apartment residential buildings. The existence of such legal relationship created different lease problems and restrictions on the property rights to the owners of both the building and the land. To abolish the legal relationship related to divided real estate ownership, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Latvia has developed a draft law Regarding the Abolition of Mandatory Divided Real Estate Ownership in Multi-Apartment Buildings (hereinafter referred to as Draft Law. Unfortunately, in the opinion of authors of this article, there are serious shortcomings to the Draft Law which must be corrected. The aim of the research is to identify the problematic issues by selecting and analysing the legislation on the abolition of the divided real estate ownership, which is related to the calculation of redemption price, payment method and consequences of non-payment, which are not regulated by the new Draft Law. The article reflects research on the determination and calculation of redemption price reglamented by the Draft Law and also analyses the Law of December 8, 1938, On the Abolition of Divided Real Estate Ownership and its practical implementation, which may significantly influence the redemption price and the method of its calculation; however, the mentioned law has been disregarded in developing the Draft Law. Thus the research has both theoretical and practical significance. For the research purposes general research methods, such as historical, analytical, inductive, deductive, logical-constructive and descriptive methods, are used. For the interpretation of legislation norms, grammatical, systemic, teleological and historical

  13. Value adding management of hospital real estate : Balancing between different stakeholders’ perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zwart, J.; van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    In addition to cost effectiveness, possible contributions of real estate to organisational performance are incorporated in strategic corporate real estate management nowadays more and more. This paper explores the concept of adding value by real estate and how this concept is being applied in design

  14. 12 CFR 560.100 - Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards; purpose and... § 560.100 Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope. This section, and § 560.101 of this subpart....S.C. 1828(o), prescribe standards for real estate lending to be used by savings associations and all...

  15. 7 CFR 767.201 - Real estate inventory property with important resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate inventory property with important... SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Real Estate Property With Important Resources or Located in Special Hazard Areas § 767.201 Real estate inventory...

  16. 26 CFR 1.803-5 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.803-5 Section... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.803-5 Real estate owned and occupied. The amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation upon or with respect to any real estate owned...

  17. 24 CFR 100.110 - Discriminatory practices in residential real estate-related transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... residential real estate-related transactions. 100.110 Section 100.110 Housing and Urban Development... Discrimination in Residential Real Estate-Related Transactions § 100.110 Discriminatory practices in residential real estate-related transactions. (a) This subpart provides the Department's interpretation of the...

  18. 12 CFR 560.172 - Re-evaluation of real estate owned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Re-evaluation of real estate owned. 560.172... of real estate owned. A savings association shall appraise each parcel of real estate owned at the... under the particular circumstances. The foregoing requirement shall not apply to any parcel of real...

  19. 12 CFR 560.37 - Real estate for office and related facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate for office and related facilities... LENDING AND INVESTMENT Lending and Investment Powers for Federal Savings Associations § 560.37 Real estate for office and related facilities. A federal savings association may invest in real estate (improved...

  20. 20 CFR 404.1069 - Real estate agents and direct sellers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate agents and direct sellers. 404... § 404.1069 Real estate agents and direct sellers. (a) Trade or business. If you perform services after 1982 as a qualified real estate agent or as a direct seller, as defined in section 3508 of the Code...

  1. 7 CFR 767.202 - Real estate inventory property located in special hazard areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate inventory property located in special...) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Real Estate Property With Important Resources or Located in Special Hazard Areas § 767.202 Real estate...

  2. 7 CFR 767.52 - Disposition of personal property from real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disposition of personal property from real estate..., personal property has been left on the real estate inventory property, the Agency will notify the former real estate owner and any known lienholders that the Agency will dispose of the personal property...

  3. 26 CFR 1.172-10 - Net operating losses of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Net operating losses of real estate investment... (continued) § 1.172-10 Net operating losses of real estate investment trusts. (a) Taxable years to which a loss may be carried. (1) A net operating loss sustained by a qualified real estate investment trust (as...

  4. 1982-83 Texas College and University Real Estate Course Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    In 1983, the Texas Real Estate Research Center conducted its eighth annual survey of the real estate offerings of the state's two- and four-year colleges. Survey findings, based on a 90% response rate, included the following: (1) 90 institutions (46 community colleges and 44 four-year colleges) offered real estate courses during the 1982-83…

  5. 75 FR 15465 - RMR Real Estate Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... Real Estate Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application March 23, 2010. AGENCY: Securities and Exchange.... APPLICANTS: RMR Real Estate Income Fund and RMR Advisors, Inc. FILING DATES: December 31, 2003, September 23.... Applicants' Representations 1. RMR Real Estate Income Fund (``RIF'') is a closed-end management investment...

  6. 78 FR 24227 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request: Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... Information Collection; Comment Request: Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) Disclosures AGENCY.... Description of the need for the information and proposed use: The Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of... Act), rulemaking authority for and certain enforcement authorities with respect to the Real Estate...

  7. 32 CFR 644.27 - Authority to issue Real Estate Directives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to issue Real Estate Directives. 644.27... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.27 Authority to issue Real Estate Directives. Where there is legislative authorization, an...

  8. 41 CFR 102-73.10 - What is the basic real estate acquisition policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ESTATE ACQUISITION General Provisions § 102-73.10 What is the basic real estate acquisition policy? When... real estate and related services in an efficient and cost effective manner. ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the basic real...

  9. 7 CFR 1955.124 - Sale with inventory real estate (chattel).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Sale with inventory real estate (chattel). 1955.124... Property Chattel Property § 1955.124 Sale with inventory real estate (chattel). Inventory chattel property may be sold with inventory real estate if a higher aggregate price can be obtained. Proceeds from a...

  10. 7 CFR 767.103 - Managing leased real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Managing leased real estate inventory property. 767... AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Lease of Real Estate Inventory Property § 767.103 Managing leased real estate inventory property. (a) The Agency will pay for...

  11. 25 CFR 179.3 - What law applies to life estates?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERESTS General § 179.3 What law applies to life estates? (a) AIPRA applies to life estates created by operation of law under AIPRA for an individual who died on or after June 20, 2006, owning trust or... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What law applies to life estates? 179.3 Section 179.3...

  12. 76 FR 30396 - Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, TX; Amended...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, TX; Amended Certification Regarding Eligibility To... Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, Texas (subject firm). The Department's... Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, Texas who were adversely affected by a shift in services to...

  13. 26 CFR 1.856-1 - Definition of real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... determining whether distributions by a real estate investment trust are to be treated as in exchange for stock; (4) Section 305 applies to distributions by a real estate investment trust of its own stock; (5... “shareholders” include holders of beneficial interest in a real estate investment trust, the terms “stock...

  14. 26 CFR 301.7517-1 - Furnishing on request of statement explaining estate or gift valuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... estate or gift valuation. 301.7517-1 Section 301.7517-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... estate or gift valuation. (a) In general. Section 7517 requires the Service to furnish to a taxpayer, at the request of that taxpayer, a statement explaining the estate, gift or generation-skipping transfer...

  15. 26 CFR 301.6861-1 - Jeopardy assessments of income, estate, gift, and certain excise taxes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Jeopardy assessments of income, estate, gift..., Bankruptcy, and Receiverships Jeopardy § 301.6861-1 Jeopardy assessments of income, estate, gift, and certain... that the assessment or collection of a deficiency in income, estate, gift, or chapter 41, 42, 43, or 44...

  16. 26 CFR 1.857-1 - Taxation of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxation of real estate investment trusts. 1.857-1 Section 1.857-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-1 Taxation of real estate...

  17. Estate Planning for Forest Landowners What will Become of Your Timberland?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harry L. Haney; William C. Siegel

    1993-01-01

    This book has been written to assist nonindustrial private landowners in addressing the considerations enumerated above. It is designed to provide a working knowledge of the Federal estate and gift tax law as it relates to estate planning for timberland owners. The unique character of timber assets is addressed in terms of the estate planning goals of a woodland owner...

  18. 38 CFR 3.270 - Applicability of various dependency, income and estate regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... dependency, income and estate regulations. 3.270 Section 3.270 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Dependency, Income and Estate § 3.270 Applicability of various dependency, income and estate regulations. (a...

  19. 76 FR 21637 - Safety Zone; Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks, Lake St. Clair, Grosse Pointe Shores, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks, Lake St. Clair, Grosse Pointe Shores, MI AGENCY: Coast... portion of Lake St. Clair River during the Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks. DATES: This rule is effective... vessels during the setup, loading, and launching of the Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks Display. The...

  20. Trust in a viable real estate economy with disruption and blockchain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veuger, Jan

    Does real estate still have the value that it once had, or will the valuation of real estate change due to surprising products and services, innovative business models, different market strategies, innovative ways of organizing and managing in the (real estate) markets? Innovation revolves around

  1. The Curriculum Improvement Project in Business Careers Programs: Business Manager, Officer Administrator, Real Estate Agent, Real Estate Broker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    College of the Mainland, Texas City, TX.

    In 1987, the College of the Mainland undertook a project to update curricula in real estate, business management, and office technology. The project entailed a survey of the labor market to clarify personnel needs in selected fields; the use of the DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process, which involved expert workers in the creation of task…

  2. Immobili, patrimonio e imposte: alcune considerazioni. (Real estate, assets and taxes: some considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. PALADINI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Ci sono due proposizioni in Italia per le quale esiste un ampio consenso sia tra gli studiosi e tra i responsabili di politica economica . La prima è che , rispetto ad altri paesi , la pressione fiscale è relativamente bassa rispetto alla quota di spesa pubblica , e quindi aumentare il prelievo è necessario, oltre alle riduzioni di spesa . La seconda è che questo aumento di tassazione dovrebbe essere fatto in modo da non colpire i redditi dei lavoratori a reddito medio , su cui la pressione fiscale è già elevata ed è cresciuta notevolmente negli ultimi anni . Un aumento delle tasse nel settore immobiliare è quindi una proposta interessante e in effetti la riforma in questo settore è una delle questioni più dibattute negli ultimi anni . Nel presente lavoro l'autore offre diverse osservazioni per dimostrare come alcune delle scelte legate a questo tema, tuttavia , dovrebbero essere impostate in una visione più ampia che investe le opzioni più generali There are two propositions in Italy for which there is broad consensus among both scholars and among economic policy makers. The first is that, with respect to other countries, the tax burden is relatively low compared to the share of government expenditure, and therefore increase the levy is necessary, in addition to spending reductions. The second is that this increase in taxation should be done so as not to hit the incomes of middle-income workers, on which the tax burden is already high and has grown considerably in recent years. An increase in the taxes in the real estate sector is thus an attractive proposition and indeed reform in this area is one of the most debated issues in recent years. In the present work the author offers several observations to show how some of the choices related to this issue, however, should be framed in a broader view which invests more general options.JEL: H21, R38

  3. The Relationship between Stock Returns and Past Performance of Hotel Real Estate Industry in the US: Is Hotel Real Estate prone to overinvestment

    OpenAIRE

    Minye Zhang; Yongheng Deng

    2008-01-01

    Hotel real estate industry is an important economy in the U.S. This study examines the return patterns of hotel real estate stocks in the U.S. from 1990 to 2007. This study utilizes an integrated framework which includes the most critical explanatory variables to investigate the determinants of the contrarian or momentum profits of the hotel real estate industry. The study finds that the magnitude and persistence of future returns of hotel real estate stocks can be predicted based on past ret...

  4. MODERN OPTIONS FOR THE FINANCING OF THE REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiriac Silviu-Cornel-Virgil

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The investments represent one of the most important elements in the national economy development strategies, as well as in all the business fields and branches. The notion of investment is extremely complex, perceived with different meanings and significates. In a general, wider meaning the investments represent a capital placement which is made with the purpose of obtaining profit bearing incomes in the future. In a narrower meaning, investments mean the totality of expenses made for obtaining capital assets which are future potential factors in the formation of incomes. Investments represent the most important factor in the development strategies of the national economy as well as in all the business fields and branches. The investment strategy represents an important element in the management of the investments and a component of the general strategy of the entity. The use of investment strategies in the management activity implies the application of scientific techniques and methods. The great number of studies carried out shows that there were no certain answers formed, very often the option for a form of financing or the other is influenced only by the “level of accessibility” of the resources available on the financial market and the financing policy of many companies is guided rather by the constraints of the financial market than a coherent company strategy In order to ensure a constant economic growth it is necessary to prepare investment projects. In practice the predominant one is the investment activity based on real investments performed for the modernising of assets, in order to ensure their physical and moral wear and tear. The analysis of real estate investments can be made using a various range of indicators, from the traditional ones to those based on the updated cash flow, using traditional analysis techniques or complex techniques used by specialists with training in the analysis of real estate investment. The

  5. Estructura del aparato reproductor masculino de Uca uruguayensis (Decapoda, Ocypodidae Structure of the male reproductive tract of Uca uruguayensis (Decapoda, Ocypodidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Irene Cuartas

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las estructuras del sistema reproductor de machos de Uca uruguayensis Nobili, 1901 y estudiar los cambios relacionados con la madurez sexual. Se trabajó con observación estereoscópica de material fresco, técnica histológica de rutina y observaciones en Microscopio Electrónico de Barrido. Se incluyó la caracterización de los gonopodos 1 (G1 y 2 (G2. El tracto reproductor del macho se compone de un par de testículos (T, un vaso deferente (VD tubular y sinuoso y una ampolla terminal (AT. El VD tiene tres secciones, la anterior (VDA, la media (VDM y la posterior (VDP. El VDA y VDM están conformadas por un epitelio simple de células cúbicas. El epitelio del VDP es columnar y con núcleos basales y alongados. El diseño tubular se modifica al ocuparse el lumen del VDP con líquido espermático durante el verano y la musculatura circular se hace más evidente. La porción terminal del VDP se ensancha formando una ampolla (AT que comprende cuatro cámaras interconectadas. Todas las estructuras están rodeadas de una capa de tejido conectivo de poco espesor. Se identifican las modificaciones observadas en la histología de T y VD, definiendo como mas relevantes las observadas desde el mes de noviembre hasta marzo. Estas modificaciones sugieren que U. uruguayensis tiene, en la localidad estudiada, una única estación reproductiva durante el verano en esta latitud. La AT, tal como es descripta, es una estructura que hasta el momento no ha sido mencionada para los Brachyura.The structure of the male reproductive tract was described in Uca uruguayensis Nobili, 1901, by using histological methods, scanning electron microscopy techniques, and stereoscopic observations of fresh material. The aim of this work was to establish the functional changes associated with sexual maturation. The morphology of the first (G1 and second (G2 pair of gonopods was described. The male reproductive tract consists of paired

  6. México 2006: El aborto de una prolongada transición a la democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    León Olivé

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Se hace un breve recuento histórico del sistema político y de las principales reformas en el aparato electoral mexicano que condujeron al marco dentro del cual se realizaron las elecciones presidenciales de 2006. Se revisan los principales acontecimientos de este proceso electoral y del post-electoral, así como algunos de sus antecedentes. Se concluye que el principal problema de la llamada transición democrática en México es que se centró en reformas que establecieron reglas e instituciones electorales, pero que no transformaron el resto del sistema político y por tanto no se construyeron nuevas instituciones, relaciones de poder ni una renovada estructura del Estado que dieran lugar a una genuina democracia. Las instituciones electorales demostraron en 2006 su fragilidad interna, y una seria debilidad al no estar respaldadas por otras instituciones y relaciones que pudieran robustecerlas, como un auténtico Estado de derecho y una genuina división y equilibrio de poderes. Esto permitió que las instituciones electorales en 2006 cedieran a las presiones de los grupos que han detentado tradicionalmente el poder económico y político y que se resisten a una verdadera alternancia. El desafío en México es empezar de nuevo con una reforma del Estado que no sólo establezca reglas e instituciones electorales confiables, sino que vaya a fondo en la constitución de un sistema político integral y genuinamente democrático.

  7. Institutionalization of Organized Industrial Estates in Turkey, Problems Encountered and Proposed Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan DAĞLAR

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the aim of the study is to determine the institutionalization degree of organized industrial estates and to identify the faced problems and to develop solutions for these problems. By using survey method, information about problems and institutionalization status of organized industrial estates were obtained from managers of the active organized industrial estates. The problems of organized industrial estates are related to the management structure, qualified staff, energy, transportation, regulation and public improvements. Formalization, professionalism, accountability, transparency and social responsibility have been identified as the factors about the institutionalization of organized industrial estates in Turkey according to factor analysis. It could be argued that organized industrial estates in Turkey have an institutional structure and they have institutionalized. However, it could be said that organized industrial estates which operate in 80 cities of Turkey and more than one are in some cities are not at the same level of institutionalization.

  8. ¿Estado o concepto fallido? Problemas que plantea la noción de falla estatal y los índices que intentan medirla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La dialéctica de los “estados fallidos” supuso un redescubrimiento del Estado con grandes virtudes, como la implementación de una caja de herramientas interdisciplinaria que permite construir una visión global panorámica del desempeño estatal. Pero también plantea serias dificultades debido a la politización que sufrió el debate sobre la debilidad estatal después de los ataques del 11 de septiembre. En adelante, la instrumentalización de un concepto inicialmente académico por parte de la agenda política internacional estadounidense, obsesionada con la seguridad y centrada en la guerra contra el terrorismo, terminó por convertirlo en un nuevo pretexto para la intervención en los asuntos internos de los estados soberanos más débiles, pauperizando la noción de Estado fallido a tal grado que la volvió analíticamente inutilizable. Por otra parte, el creciente protagonismo geopolítico del concepto de falla estatal se vio acompañado de la falta de cuidado metodológico en la elaboración de los índices que buscan medirla. Son numerosas las debilidades conceptuales de la noción de “Estado fallido” y las clasificaciones que se le aparejan, así como las falencias metodológicas que sistemáticamente acusan los índices que intentan evaluar el desempeño estatal. No obstante, la precariedad analítica de los poor state performance indexes (PSPI no ha sido óbice para su multiplicación y el aumento de su influencia en la construcción del imaginario global sobre las calidades de los estados, ni para su consolidación como herramientas cruciales en la formulación de políticas públicas y la aprobación de ayudas multilaterales. Este artículo devela, en forma sistemática, los principales obstáculos analíticos y políticos que enfrentan la noción de Estado fallido y los índices de desempeño estatal. En la primera parte se exponen las dificultades conceptuales que presenta la definición de Estado fallido. En la segunda

  9. Public open space for disaster mitigation in Tangerang housing estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winandari, M. I. R.

    2018-01-01

    Public open space in housing estates plays an important role particularly in disaster mitigation. In some housing, there are indications of shape and use of space changes post-handover to local government. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between public open space condition and management related to disaster mitigation in Tangerang housing estates. Multiple case study method is used to analyse of 2 housing cases. Aspects of access and boundaries were used to evaluate the cases. The results showed that gated community housing type should have more than 1 access to facilitate evacuation by considering the farthest unit to the housing gate. This is necessary to provide open spaces that are easily accessible from all units as the first evacuation site during and post disaster.

  10. Past and Future Sources of Commercial Real Estate Returns

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph L. Pagliari, Jr.; James R. Webb

    1992-01-01

    Historical commercial real estate returns are attributed to three fundamental factors: initial current yield, growth in net operating income, and changes in going-in versus going-out capitalization rates (i.e., pricing movements). Separating returns into these three factors appears to provide more insightful information than the traditionally reported income and appreciation returns. Using this three-factor model, a two-dimensional matrix of projected ten-year real yields is estimated for eac...

  11. THE REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS AND THE FINANCIAL CRISIS IN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ana POPA; Laura GIURCA VASILESCU

    2009-01-01

    This paper is based on a wide range of researches and statistics data, regarding the enormous stock real estate boom that started around 1982 and picked up incredible speed after 1995. First of all, many economists argue that this boom represents a speculative bubble, because it is not grounded in sensible economic fundamentals. Secondly, this boom must be placed it in the context of financial crisis starting in 2007. In fact, the global financial crisis has begun with the north-American subp...

  12. Welfare Cost of the Real Estate Transfer Tax

    OpenAIRE

    Buettner, Thiess

    2017-01-01

    This paper considers the welfare implications of a tax on real estate transfers. A theoretical analysis shows how the discouragement of mutually beneficial transactions as well as tax-sheltering activities give rise to a welfare loss that can be estimated comprehensively from the empirical elasticity of the tax base. In the absence of tax planning, the elasticity of the tax base is determined by the hazard rate to deter transactions at the margin. With tax planning, the elasticity of the tax ...

  13. Probabilidade e Estatística Aplicada à Hidrologia

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Rita Cabral

    2011-01-01

    Esta pubilicação pretende ser um manual de auxilio aos alunos na disciplinas de Hidrologia, Hidrologia Agrícola e Interpretação da Paisagem na área da probabilidade e estatistica aplicada à Hidrologia. Abordam-se temas básicos da teoria da estatística e da probabilidade para depois estes serema aplicados na resolução de problemas ligados à Hidrologia

  14. Affinity Programs and the Real Estate Brokerage Industry

    OpenAIRE

    G Stacy Sirmans; David A. Macpherson

    2001-01-01

    This study surveys active real estate brokers obtaining information on involvement in affinity programs and referral/relocation networks. Some results regarding affinity involvement are: (a) 13% of respondents reported affinity affilliations, 75% reported no affiliations, and 12% indicated plans to become involved within the next year; (b) about half having affinity affiliations were involved with 2-4 groups; (c) affinity relationships were most often with membership organizations, corporatio...

  15. Technology is Set to Change Real Estate Forever

    OpenAIRE

    Walton, Nigel

    2016-01-01

    Major developments in the technological environment can become commonplace very quickly. They are now impacting upon a broad range of information-based service sectors, as high growth Internet-based firms, such as Google, Amazon, Facebook and Airbnb, and financial technology (Fintech) start-ups expand their product portfolios into new markets.\\ud \\ud Real estate is one of the information-based service sectors that is currently being impacted by this new type of competitor and the broad range ...

  16. Technology and Real Estate Brokerage Firm Financial Performance

    OpenAIRE

    John D. Benjamin; Peter Chinloy; Donald Jud; Daniel T. Winkler

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of Internet usage on the financial performance of residential real estate brokerage firms using a database of over 1,700 observations. Factor loadings and a factor score for Internet usage are developed. The results show that Internet use is positively related to revenue and net income, and negatively related to net margin. In a second stage analysis, Internet use is found to be positively associated with franchise affiliation, affiliation with a referral /r...

  17. Estimating Net Realizable Value for Distressed Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    James D. Shilling; John D. Benjamin; C.F. Sirmans

    1990-01-01

    This paper provides a framework for adjusting distressed real estate properties for liquidating discounts. We estimate the probability of receiving an offer on a property in any particular short interval of time. Our empirical evidence allows us to predict the average rate at which offers will occur in any particular interval of time. Further, it allows us to arrive at an estimate of net realizable value, adjusted for selling expenses.

  18. Market efficiency in the emerging securitized real estate markets

    OpenAIRE

    Schindler, Felix

    2010-01-01

    This paper tests the random walk hypothesis and market efficiency for twelve emerging as well as for four developed securitized real estate markets from 1992 to 2009. Random walk properties of equity prices influence return dynamics, and market efficiency is often considered an essential criterion in the assessment of the functionality of markets and the asset pricing process, which is of significant relevance for emerging markets in particular. The analysis is based on autocorrelation tests ...

  19. Using real-estate-based financing to access capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, W C; Kryzaniak, L A

    1998-07-01

    One strategy employed by healthcare organizations to increase their market presence is the construction of new facilities. Accessing capital to fund such construction, however, has become more of a challenge. One relatively untapped source of building capital is real-estate-based financing. Nonrecourse mortgages, turnkey net leases, and synthetic leases can provide several advantages to healthcare organizations seeking capital, assuming issues related to building ownership, debt and balance sheet effects, and tax-exempt status have been thoroughly explored first.

  20. Research on the optimization of quota design in real estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Chunling; Ma, Susu; Zhong, Weichao

    2017-11-01

    Quota design is one of the effective methods of cost control in real estate development project and widely used in the current real estate development project to control the engineering construction cost, but quota design have many deficiencies in design process. For this purpose, this paper put forward a method to achieve investment control of real estate development project, which combine quota design and value engineering(VE) at the stage of design. Specifically, it’s an optimizing for the structure of quota design. At first, determine the design limits by investment estimate value, then using VE to carry on initial allocation of design limits and gain the functional target cost, finally, consider the whole life cycle cost (LCC) and operational problem in practical application to finish complex correction for the functional target cost. The improved process can control the project cost more effectively. It not only can control investment in a certain range, but also make the project realize maximum value within investment.

  1. Integral energy concepts for housing estates; Integrale Energiekonzepte fuer Wohnsiedlungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisch, M.N.; Kuehl, L. [Technische Univ. Braunschweig (Germany)

    1998-06-01

    Integral energy concepts for housing estates require an early cooperation between architects, planners, and specialist engineers on the basis of a holistic planning approach. This is how future-oriented, sustainable concepts evolve which do justice to the multifarious requirements on the integral energy system of a housing estate. The present paper elucidates different approaches to optimising the energy efficiency of buildings such as the implementation of low-energy house concepts, building site and architectural planning, and detailed planning of heat insulation concepts, ventilation and air tightness concepts, and adapted heating systems. The solarisation of development plans has an influence on the arrangement of buildings, which are now planned to give the greatest possible passive and active solar energy gains. The authors also describe solar-assisted district heating systems for housing estates. [Deutsch] Integrale Energiekonzepte fuer Wohnsiedlungen erfordern die fruehe Zusammenarbeit von Architekten, Planern und Fachingenieuren im Rahmen einer ganzheitlichen Planung. So entstehen zukunftsweisende und tragfaehige Konzepte, die den vielschichtigen Anforderungen des Gesamtenergiesystems ``Wohnsiedlung`` gerecht werden. Im Folgenden wird die energetische Optimierung von Gebaeuden wie die Umsetzung von Niedrigenergiehaus-Konzepten, Standort und Gebaeudeplanung sowie Detailplanung in Bezug auf das Waermedaemmkonzept, Lueftungs-/Dichtheitskonzept und auf angepasste Waermeversorgungssysteme erl autert. Die Solarisierung von Bebauungsplaenen beeinflusste Anordnung der Gebaeude hinsichtlich der Nutzung passivsolarer Gewinne sowie des Einsatzes von Systemen der aktiven Solarenergienutzung. Solarunterstuetzte Nahwaermenetze fuer Wohnsiedlungen werden ebenfalls beschrieben.

  2. RECENT TRENDS IN CONSTRUCTION AND RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheremisina T. P.

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The composition of the residential real estate and the structure of Russian housing market do not match: primary and secondary markets are supplemented by a considerable in size non-market sector of residential real estate - the stock of dilapidated housing and buildings in a state of emergency that is filling up the secondary market with rapidly growing volume of worn out properties. While the developmental model of entrepreneurship is gradually settling in the primary housing market, and in general the “soviet” model of management (management companies are not that different from the soviet property management agencies is remaining in the secondary market, the non-market sector requires a formulation of an adequate management model that would allow the private and public management of residential real estate at the same time. Mega-project of renovation of the 5-storey buildings in Moscow will support the formation of such a model and the legal grounds for its existence.

  3. Neural Networks Modelling of Municipal Real Estate Market Rent Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muczyński Andrzej

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of research on the application of neural networks modelling of municipal real estate market rent rates. The test procedure was based on selected networks trained on the local real estate market data and transformation of the detected dependencies – through established models – to estimate the potential market rent rates of municipal premises. On this basis, the assessment of the adequacy of the actual market rent rates of municipal properties was made. Empirical research was conducted on the local real estate market of the city of Olsztyn in Poland. In order to describe the phenomenon of market rent rates formation an unidirectional three-layer network and a network of radial base was selected. Analyses showed a relatively low degree of convergence of the actual municipal rent rents with potential market rent rates. This degree was strongly varied depending on the type of business ran on the property and its’ social and economic impact. The applied research methodology and the obtained results can be used in order to rationalize municipal property management, including the activation of rental policy.

  4. Estatísticas de citações

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Adler

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é um relatório acerca do emprego e uso de citações na avaliação de pesquisas científicas. A idéia de que a avaliação da pesquisa deve ser feita empregando métodos “simples e objetivos” é cada vez mais prevalecente hoje no mundo acadêmico, o que tem gerado uma “cultura de números”, sustentada no pressuposto de que tais avaliações são mais precisas e buscam superar julgamentos subjetivos da revisão por pares. No entanto, tais considerações são analisadas por profissionais que “lidam com números” – os matemáticos e os estatísticos. A convicção nas estatísticas deixa de ter fundamento quando estas são mal aplicadas ou mal interpretadas, como pode ocorrer no caso de uso de estatística para classificar periódicos, documentos, pessoas, programas e disciplinas. Os autores chamam a atenção para a objetividade ilusória dos números e para o fato de que a avaliação baseada em dados de citações pode fornecer uma visão limitada, superficial e incompleta da qualidade da pesquisa.

  5. Jump point detection for real estate investment success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Eddie C. M.; Yu, Carisa K. W.; Ip, Wai-Cheung

    2010-03-01

    In the literature, studies on real estate market were mainly concentrating on the relation between property price and some key factors. The trend of the real estate market is a major concern. It is believed that changes in trend are signified by some jump points in the property price series. Identifying such jump points reveals important findings that enable policy-makers to look forward. However, not all jump points are observable from the plot of the series. This paper looks into the trend and introduces a new approach to the framework for real estate investment success. The main purpose of this paper is to detect jump points in the time series of some housing price indices and stock price index in Hong Kong by applying the wavelet analysis. The detected jump points reflect to some significant political issues and economic collapse. Moreover, the relations among properties of different classes and between stocks and properties are examined. It can be shown from the empirical result that a lead-lag effect happened between the prices of large-size property and those of small/medium-size property. However, there is no apparent relation or consistent lead in terms of change point measure between property price and stock price. This may be due to the fact that globalization effect has more impact on the stock price than the property price.

  6. INTERDEPENDENCE OF COST AND QUALITY OF ITEMS OF REAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukmanova Inessa Galeevna

    2012-10-01

    Calculation of reduction of the overall cost of the real estate item that has improved quality indicators in comparison with the overall cost of the real estate item of satisfactory quality, taken as a benchmark, is made. The nature of interrelation between the quality of building works and maintenance expenses is provided. The overall cost of the item increases alongside with the increase of its quality, therefore the pre-set quality indicator should be defined by taking account of the market conditions, rates charged for building works and payable by buyers, and the amount of building works that sell at a higher price. The indicator of the overall cost of the item of real estate, if forthcoming operational expenses are taken into account, i.e. calculated for the course of the overall life cycle of the item, is essential if the investor is going to maintain the building. Investors often act as sellers of completed buildings; therefore, the product price set at the time when it is offered for sale is of particular importance.

  7. A preliminary framework for corporate real estate sustainable management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauzi Nurul Sahida

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The global warming issue has motivated corporations to go green in their business operations including transforming from conventional real estate to green features real estate. However green CRE is more complex to manage due to a building’s significant impact on environmental, social and economic aspects. Thus the need to have a best practice guide or framework as reference is crucial. Unfortunately, no best practice guidelines on CRE management have been found to be sufficient as much uncertainty still exists on the sustainable performance measurement components. This research aims to explore and then summarize the present sustainable CREM practices and components relating to sustainable performance measurement integrating a sustainable theory that balances environmental, economic and social impacts. These act as indicators to measure the outcomes of the practice in the form of a generic model on sustainability preliminary framework for CRESM. The objectives of this research include identifying corporate real estate sustainable management (CRESM practice and components of sustainable performance measurement. The research uses content analysis method to analyse data gathered from literature and previous studies. The findings will be demonstrated in the form of a framework model on CRESM that will include14 CREM strategies and 15 components derived from analysis.

  8. 41 CFR 102-73.15 - What real estate acquisition and related services may Federal agencies provide?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What real estate... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 73-REAL ESTATE ACQUISITION General Provisions § 102-73.15 What real estate... provide real estate acquisition and related services, including leasing (with or without purchase options...

  9. 26 CFR 20.6325-1 - Release of lien or partial discharge of property; transfer certificates in nonresident estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...(b) must be added to the date of death value of the decedent's gross estate situated in the United... INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES... insure avoidance of liability for taxes and penalties only by demanding and receiving transfer...

  10. 26 CFR 20.6166-1 - Election of alternate extension of time for payment of estate tax where estate consists largely...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... consists largely of interest in closely held business. (a) In general. Section 6166 allows an executor to... executor's conclusion that the estate qualifies for payment of the estate tax in installments. In the... under section 6166(a) to pay any tax in installments, the executor may elect under section 6166(h) to...

  11. Essays on local housing and real estate brokerage markets.:Essays on local housing and real estate brokerage markets.

    OpenAIRE

    Helgers, Roel

    2016-01-01

    As noted by the late housing economist John Quigley (1979), housing markets are characterized by a peculiar combination of features, such as durability, spatial fixity and multidimensional heterogeneity. The combination of these features differentiate it from other product markets and it has been shown that they have a non-negligible impact upon market outcomes in housing and real estate brokerage markets. The inherent spatial fixation and the multidimensional heterogeneity of housing units, ...

  12. LA OBSOLESCENCIA PROGRAMADA: ¿EL FIN DE UNA CRISIS ECONÓMICA O EL INICIO DE UNA PROBLEMÁTICA AMBIENTAL? REFLEXIONES QUE INCENTIVAN LA FORMACIÓN SOCIOPOLÍTICA DE LOS ESTUDIANTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Andrea Muñoz Higuita

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente proyecto de investigación acoge la perspectiva sociocultural, en la cual se considera la ciencia como una construcción social y una actividad humana, como base epistemológica desde la que se diseña una propuesta pedagógica sobre la obsolescencia programada de dispositivos electrónicos y sus efectos en el ambiente, con el propósito de contribuir a la formación sociopolítica de un grupo estudiantes de grado noveno de la Institución Educativa José María Bravo Márquez. Se utiliza una metodología cualitativa, específicamente el estudio de caso instrumental, en la que la información será tratada haciendo uso de la técnica de análisis de contenido. Por ahora, se evidencian en los estudiantes construcción de enunciados sustantivos y sustentados en Ciencias Naturales y Ciencias Sociales, el reconocimiento de algunos aspectos correspondientes con la naturaleza de la ciencia y el planteamiento de propuestas de acción institucional sobre los residuos de aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos.

  13. Design optimization of real estate tax and effect analysis in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingjiuan Guo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The objective of this research is to reform the current real estate tax system and establish the real estate tax system suitable for China’s national conditions.Design/methodology: Based on the necessity of the real estate tax reform, the paper studies the system optimization and its effects analysis of the real estate tax. At last, the paper uses the system dynamics to demonstrate the feasibility of the real estate tax from an empirical point.Findings: With the system dynamics, we can establish the causal relationship of the influence factors and forecast the impact on the future real estate prices. It can also provide some suggestions for China’s real estate tax reform.Research limitations/implications: The establishment of the model might not be very mature, so we need the further study and improvement.Originality/value: This study was the first to use system dynamics to analyze the impact of real estate taxes on real estate prices, and we hope to provide some suggestions for China’s real estate tax reform.

  14. Creating real estate maps by using GIS: A case study of Atakum-Samsun/Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faik Ahmet Sesli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Determining the real estate evaluations and reflecting them on taxations are among the most important economic resources of the developed countries. In Turkey, the system is not able to ground the real estate evaluations on scientific criteria yet, which causes various problems in applications regarding real estate evaluations (such as estate tax, expropriation, court surveillances and an important economic loss.Thus, it is required to generate tax-base real estate evaluation maps within the scope of the legal legislation in Turkey. This study aimed to generate a fast, up-to-date and dynamic evaluation map that would form a base for the real estate taxation. The closeness of real estates to the technical infrastructure and social equipment areas and their variety affect the real estate evaluations either positively or negatively and form the local benefit for real estates. This study determined the areas (such as main roads, green spaces, trading areas and urban attraction centers affecting the evaluations of real estates depending on their positions. In order to make position-based decisions about the data being stored in the Geographical Information System, the geographical data were questioned and monitored with analyses. The acquired data were exposed to necessary analyses in the relevant modules of the GIS programs, which enabled us to grade the factors affecting the evaluation for each parcel and try to generate real estate evaluation maps depending on the evaluation-effect factors to be selected as dynamics. Parcel-based real estate evaluations were determined by imposing vector-based cadastral maps on these maps being generated. In this study, a raster real estate evaluation map was generated in unstructured parcels of a sample neighborhood via the scoring method and with the help of the Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Analysis and both environmental and social factors. This system could enable us to question and analyze the features of

  15. The Concept Of A Sustainable Approach To Corporate Real Estate Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ziemba Ewa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is conceptual in nature and presents the assumptions of a holistic approach to corporate real estate management. The approach is based on the imperative of sustainability, which has become a determinant of the proposed Sustainable Corporate Real Estate Management (SCREM model. Moreover, the authors indicate that in addition to the presence of the sustainability imperative, corporate real estate management requires the integration and formalization of knowledge about the concepts of corporate real estate management (CREM with those of corporate social responsibility (CSR. This approach is intended to enable the identification and improvement of real estate management processes and, as a result, contribute to more efficient and effective corporate real estate management and continuous and flexible development of enterprises, as well as boosting economic growth and building prosperity for present and future generations.

  16. CORPORATE BOND MARKET OF REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT COMPANIES IN POLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Gostkowska-Drzewicka

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article examines the features that determine the attractivenessof bonds as a financing instrument for real estate development projects in Poland, and the share of debt securities and bonds in the financing structure of real estate development companies. The implementation of such a formulated purpose required the application of methods of statistical description. Research was conducted on the basis of data from the statistics made by Fitch Ratings Polska, Catalyst, Narodowy Bank Polski, Związek Banków Polskich and the financial statements of bond issuers. The basic research period covers the years 1998-2012. However, due to the lack of published data about the structure of financing of development companies, interest rates, the nominal value, the bond structure by the buyers, the type, the purpose of issuance and the form of security, long-term studies were reduced to shorter periods. Results of the research indicate that the corporate bond market of development companies was in the phase of intensive growth in 2004-2012. Availability of funds obtained through the issuance of bonds increased by the establishment of appropriate infrastructure in 2009. The downturn in the real estate market initiated a series of structural changes in the financing of development companies in 2008- 2009. High margins and restrictive creditworthiness assessment brought on a search for alternative sources of financing. Due to restrictions imposed by the Act of 29th April 2012on the protection of the buyer of a dwelling or a single-family-house, it became important to provide flexible funding sources for development projects, including bond issuances.

  17. SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF REAL ESTATE MARKET AS AN OBJECT OF STATISTICAL RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliya V. Bazhdanova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the peculiarities of development of the residential real estate market of Moscow. Several approaches to the analysis of formation of this economy segment are considered. Foundations and classification of residential real estate are given. A main attention is paid to parameters of assessed value of real estate. The pricing is considered within the frame of the existing tasks and goals.

  18. Unreal Estate and China’s Collective Unconscious

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tong Lam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available For the photographic series featured in this issue of Cross-Currents—“Unreal Estate and China’s Collective Unconscious”—I have selected a diverse range of ruinous spaces to tell an alternative history of contemporary China’s hysterical transformation. Whereas historical monuments in China are frequently used by the state to symbolize civilizational pride and national humiliation, in order to mobilize the masses to observe their patriotic duty, the ruinous sites I seek to foreground in my photographs are non-places that represent the specter of history...

  19. SA’s healthcare estate: a lean, green machine?

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Jager, Peta

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info De Jager_2015.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3685 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name De Jager_2015.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 SA’s healthcare estate: a lean..., green machine? Peta de Jager The best time to plant a tree is twenty years ago, the second best time is now. - African Proverb Service delivery is profoundly affected by the built infrastructure provided to support...

  20. Masalah Permukiman Kota: Permukiman Kumuh, Perumnas, dan Real Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Sudaryono

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Perumahan sebagai salah satu komponen infrstruktur akan menjadi tema yang sangat penting dalam kerangka baik isue global maupun nasional, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan pembangunan industri pada kota-kota di Indonesia di masa datang. Studi ini akan membahas permasalahan dari tiga tipe deliveri perumahan di Indonesia yang cukup menonjol yakni: 1 pemukiman kumuh, 2 perumnas, dan 3 real estate. Secara singkat dapat dikatakan bahwa munculny pemukiman kumuh di kota-kota di Indonesia dan negara-negara berkembang pada umumnya adalah berakar pada gagapnya kota-kota tersebut dalam menyiasati gelombang global industrialisasi yang dibawa oleh revolusi industri.

  1. Synthetic real estate: bringing corporate finance to health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varwig, D; Smith, J

    1998-01-01

    The changing landscape of health care has caused hospitals, health care systems, and other health care organizations to look for ways to finance expansions and acquisitions without "tainting" their balance sheets. This search has led health care executives to a financing technique that has been already embraced by Fortune 500 companies for most of this decade and more recently adopted by high-tech companies: synthetic real estate. Select case studies provide examples of the more creative financial structures currently being employed to meet rapidly growing and increasingly complex funding needs.

  2. 3D Weight Matrices in Modeling Real Estate Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mimis, A.

    2016-10-01

    Central role in spatial econometric models of real estate data has the definition of the weight matrix by which we capture the spatial dependence between the observations. The weight matrices presented in literature so far, treats space in a two dimensional manner leaving out the effect of the third dimension or in our case the difference in height where the property resides. To overcome this, we propose a new definition of the weight matrix including the third dimensional effect by using the Hadamard product. The results illustrated that the level effect can be absorbed into the new weight matrix.

  3. Environmental impacts assessment of industrial estate providing with managerial process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nouri, J.; Mahvi, A.H.; Younesian, M.; Nabizadeh, R.; Hashemi, I. [Univ. of Tehran (Iran)

    2007-07-01

    The existence of balance, coordination and required order among natural elements is one of the key factors in the ecosystem. If this balance is disturbed under certain circumstances, it will damage the structure of living existences and more specifically human beings. Since a half century ago, factors such as important economical and industrial activites, advanced technologies together with growing population and lack of concordance among different couhntries to take optimal advantage of the existing natural resources have distrubed the balance in the ecosystem. As a result, man has caused many problems such as high death tolls and arduous diseases due to the different pollutions in water, air, land, sound, temperature, etc and factors such as erosion, desert, expansion, floods, extinction of plant and animal species, ozone layer destruction, global warming, sea level rise and greenhouse gases increase. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is to recognize and assess systematic consequences of projects and programs on elements like physicochemical, biological, cultural, economical and social phenomena in th environment; in other words it is a way or method to determine the direction of predication and assessment of environmental impacts of activities on the environmental health of the ecosystem affecting human lives. In this study, and environmental impact assessment of the establishment of the Shahzand Industrial Estate in Arak at the central part of Iran was investigated. After collection of data and analysis of the findings, the positive and negative impacts resulting from establishment of the indutrial estate were investigated using the Leopold Matrix and Scaling checklist methods providing the managerial solutions in order to minimize the harmful environmental impacts. The existing environmental situation was investigated and then environmental impact alternatives were determined. This was done in regard to the amount and kind of predicted pollution for the

  4. RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN PRACTICE OF VALUATING MUNICIPAL REAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg V. Likhomanov

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The authors analyze the real estate tax system of England, France, Germany, the USA, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Chile, Singapore, the Philippines, and Japan. The following activities are proposed with the aim of creating an effective system of municipal real estate management and improving the quality of local government: to organize the smooth functioning of full and timely accounting of the municipal real estate, the introduction of an automated registry system, including legal, technical, and economic components of records; to develop scientifically based optimal management solutions on the disposal of municipal property, in compliance with the balance of fiscal, investment and socially-oriented objectives in the course of operational management, transfer in use or trust, disposition, use as the authorized capital; to develop the optimal solutions for selecting strategies for achieving maximum economic efficiency and increasing investment attractiveness of municipal property; to exercise effective control over regulatory use of municipal property (especially land resources for its intended purpose; to organize work on reliable cadastral valuation of the property; to provide the state budget institutions for cadastral valuation established in the regions with qualified personnel from among the practicing independent appraisers; to engage independent appraisers for analysis and monitoring of real estate market with the aim of identifying pricing factors and ensuring reliable results, compliant with relevant market data; to completely eliminate the possibility of pressure by officials of local self-government bodies at the state budget institutions for the cadastral valuation to establish the desired orientations of the cadastral value. The authors propose to initiate the introduction of uniform date of establishment of the cadastral value on the territory of the Russian Federation with the aim of providing a

  5. Do the Rich Flee from High State Taxes? Evidence from Federal Estate Tax Returns

    OpenAIRE

    Jon Bakija; Joel Slemrod

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines how changes in state tax policy affect the number of federal estate tax returns filed in each state, utilizing data on federal estate tax return filings by state and wealth class for 18 years between 1965 and 1998. Controlling for state- and wealth-class specific fixed effects, we find that high state inheritance and estate taxes and sales taxes have statistically significant, but modest, negative impacts on the number of federal estate tax returns filed in a state. High p...

  6. Alterações radiográficas do aparato podotroclear de equinos da Polícia Militar de Minas Gerais sem sinais clínicos de doença do osso navicular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.S.D. Azevedo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste experimento foram identificar e associar alterações radiográficas do aparato podotoclear de equinos do Regimento de Cavalaria Alferes Tiradentes da Policia Militar do estado de Minas Gerais sem histórico e sinais clínicos de doença do osso navicular. Foi avaliado um total de 33 equinos, de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 10 e 20 anos. Os dígitos torácicos foram radiografados de forma padronizada nas projeções lateromedial (LM, dorsoproximal palmarodistal 65º (DPPD e palmaroproximal palmarodistal (SK. A radiopacidade medular aumentada em projeção SK foi a principal alteração radiográfica detectada. Essa alteração foi associada a maior número de invaginações sinovais, a maior espessura de cortical em relação à medular em exposição SK e a maior relação corticomedular em exposição LM (P<0,05. Esses achados indicam uma predisposição da população equina para desenvolver a síndrome do osso navicular, possivelmente associada ao trauma repetitivo promovido pelo constante trabalho em piso duro.

  7. Un aparato ortopédico para el magisterio: la Dirección General de Educación Primaria y los maestros en el Distrito Federal, 1896-1913

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Eugenia Chaoul Pereyra

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Al convertirse en empleados federales en 1896, los maestros de primaria del Distrito Federal y de los territorios (Nayarit y Baja California ocuparon un papel singular para poner en marcha la política educativa del régimen porfiriano. En el marco de la anhelada centralización educativa, las autoridades promovieron que los docentes se desempeñaran como agentes modernizadores y pudieran difundir los nuevos contenidos pedagógicos. Sin embargo, la estructura burocrática diseñada para tal fin derivó en un aparato que supervisó, controló e inmovilizó a los maestros relegándolos a ocupar un papel receptivo, secundario y dependiente de los favores de la autoridad. Este desempeño fue crucial para entender las características que adquirió la organización magisterial al despuntar la revolución

  8. 26 CFR 20.2207A-1 - Right of recovery of estate taxes in the case of certain marital deduction property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... exercise right of recovery. Failure of an estate to exercise a right of recovery under this section upon a... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right of recovery of estate taxes in the case... REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF...

  9. Quinze anys de traducció automàtica a l’Estat espanyol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseba Abaitua

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available Mai cap fabricant no ha fet una màquina de rentar automàtica que escarneixi la fesomia d'una rentadora humana. Els enginyers han adaptat la tecnologia a la feina i han aconseguit andròmines cúbiques amb aparença de moble de cuina, en comptes d'androides amb articulacions similars a les del C-3PO. Aquestes màquines tenen molts avantatges i en general la gent s'estima més fer-les servir i no pas rentar a mà, tret d'algunes peces de roba delicades. Pel que fa a la traducció automàtica (TA, ha passat molt altrament. Tot i les recomanacions de Bar-Hillel el 1960, en què van començar a confluir les propostes de la intel·ligència artificial amb les del generativisme en lingüística, els investigadors van dirigir llurs esforços vers dissenys que volien ser "intel·ligents" i reproduir el coneixement humà. Així, durant unes quantes dècades hom ha codificat una gran quantitat de coneixement lingüístic en diccionaris i gramàtiques (bilingües, multilingües o interlingües, a fi de fer-lo processable per mitjans computacionals. Malgrat els considerables recursos humans i tècnics que s'hi ha esmerçat, els sistemes que n'han resultat (SYSTRAN, METAL, LOGOS, ATLAS, etc. no han satisfet les expectatives. Per no parlar de projectes que han estat abandonats a mig fer, tot i haver-s'hi dedicat inversions formidables –EUROTRA, ROSETTA– o dels que no han passat mai de ser simples prototips de laboratori, com ara MENTOR, KBMT, etc. L’amortització indispensable d’uns costos de desenvolupament tan elevats ha fet que la sortida al mercat d’alguns d’aquests productes hagi estat a uns preus prohibitius. Tot i així, el mercat a vist aparèixer altres productes a més bon preu –PC Tranlator, Language Assistant, etc.– i que, en vist els anteriors, s’han fet quasi sense tecnologia (amb diccionaris bilingües molt bàsics un coneixement sintàctic i semàntic mínim. Sigui com sigui, les traduccions que s’han obtingut no arriben

  10. The incorporation of sustainability into the real estate investment portfolio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baas, L.

    2013-06-15

    This graduation report describes the findings of a research in the area of Real Estate Management, section Building Economics. The subject of the research relates to the added value of sustainable offices in the real estate investment portfolio. The question which is leading throughout this report is whether the extent of sustainability influences the financial performance of office buildings in the Netherlands. But on which grounds are these assumptions made? The gathered information compares actual energy consumption in relation to theoretical knowledge of a governmental regulated energy performance scheme. To find an accurate answer a quantitative research has been conducted at a sustainability-driven organization, the Dutch Green Building Council (in short: DGBC). An extensive literature review provided the author with a solid background to investigate the relation of financial performance compared to sustainability features. This knowledge enabled him to define a hedonic pricing model and thus to look into financial benefits of better performing assets. This model is used to highlight significant locational, asset-related and sustainable features that act as predictors for offices. Especially the degree of sustainability comes to mind when this data is compared with actual consumption instead of theoretically defined through a standardized calculation. This resulted into recommendations and eventually discussions gathered at the end of this report. This report aims not only on the change of one's mind about the importance of sustainability but also on the added value of information flows for operational management.

  11. Historia de una histeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luis Gómez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Una versión ecuatoriana de la novela "La guerra de los mundos" de H. G. Wells, en audición radiofónica de Radio Quito, en 1949, inauguró formalmente en el Ecuador la historia de las histerias colectivas. En este breve texto, el autor hace una reflexión sobre este fenómeno de masas.

  12. THE ANALYSIS OF THE REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hristea Anca Maria

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Real estate investments are one of the most attractive business opportunities in the context of the contemporary economy, generally marked by economic recession and especially by monetary and financial instability. Last years international reporting concluded that deepening the global economic crisis determined an increase of the real estate request, while despite all expectations one did not assist a crash of the prices. Economic reality showed that real estate assets value (buildings, land kept proportions with economic reality over time. A comparison between stock exchange market and the real estate market shows that while an movables investor (investments in stocks, bonds or life insurance might lose completely his initial investment, the investments in real estate assets, such as buildings, would keep their quality as goods and would also keep a value to better resist shocks and thus allowing an increase of the capital. When appreciating the value of an investment the first things to analyze are the return, liquidity and risk criteria, which are essential in real estate investments too. Stimulating real estate market must be not only a wish but also a reality of global economy, since it can correct many of the aggregated indicators of a country. Containing scientifically detached from economic practice, this article is addressed to readers with interests in real estate investment. The language is usually referred particularly to the qualitative side of the real estate market approach. The feasibility of the real estate investments is being conditioned by their capacity to generate important profits, on the background of the reduction of the duration of recovery of their value. The economic instability from the last couple of years has generated fears and failures but, paraphrasing Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, courage is a mixture of genius, magic and power that helps us succeed in everything we set our mind to. The investments on the real

  13. Dinâmica imobiliária e regulação ambiental: uma discussão a partir do eixo-sul da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte Dinámica inmobiliaria y regulación ambiental: una discusión a partir del eje-sur de la región metropolitana de Belo Horizonte Real-estate dynamics and environmental regulation: a discussion on the southern side of the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloisa Soares de Moura Costa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho traz, inicialmente, uma breve discussão teórica sobre a produção do espaço urbano e a emergência da regulação ambiental, principalmente no que diz respeito à expansão urbana. A seguir, são discutidos alguns instrumentos de regulação ambiental - em especial o licenciamento de atividades -, que têm feito emergir práticas sociais diversificadas, articulando interesses econômicos, o Estado e grupos sociais voltados para proteção ambiental. Enfatiza-se o caráter contraditório da intervenção do Estado e discutem-se os limites e possibilidades de ação dos movimentos sociais organizados em torno da reprodução das condições de expansão urbana. O artigo utiliza o caso do crescimento metropolitano no eixo-sul de Belo Horizonte para evidenciar os conflitos em torno das formas de apropriação e uso do solo urbano, bem como os expedientes adotados pelo capital imobiliário para agregar valor ao produto, reforçando mecanismos conhecidos de elitização e exclusão. Discute-se, ainda, se há possibilidades de reversão de tal quadro a partir da participação e negociação dos conflitos entre os agentes sociais envolvidos.El trabajo trae, inicialmente, una breve discusión teórica sobre la producción del espacio urbano y la emergencia de la regulación ambiental, principalmente respecto a la expansión urbana. A continuación, son discutidos algunos instrumentos de regulación ambiental - en especial o licenciamiento de actividades -, que han hecho emerger prácticas sociales diversificadas, articulando intereses económicos, el Estado y grupos sociales orientados a la protección ambiental. Se enfatiza el carácter contradictorio de la intervención del Estado y se discuten los límites y posibilidades de acción de los movimientos sociales organizados en torno a la reproducción de las condiciones de expansión urbana. El artículo utiliza el caso del crecimiento metropolitano en el eje-sur de Belo Horizonte para

  14. Geovisión: una infraestructura abierta de datos espaciales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Campos-Vargas

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available La Universidad Estatal a Distancia (UNED ha buscado recientemente incorporar el uso de información georeferenciada como una buena práctica en su quehacer investigativo. Para ello se dió a la tarea de implementar una Infraestructura de Datos Espaciales (IDE Abierta denominada Geovisión. Se presenta el proceso y los resultados de su desarrollo, desde la conformación inicial de una red de suministradores y usuarios de geoinformación, hasta la habilitación y publicación de servicios de geoinformación en línea. Geovisión se concibe como una IDE abierta tanto en términos de participación, ya que no es necesario pertenecer a la UNED para acceder a la IDE, como en el uso de plataformas de software y protocolos abiertos que facilitan las herramientas necesarias para publicar y compartir información espacial en un formato amigable para usuarios sin experiencia a nivel técnico, así como en formatos más complejos para usuarios especializados.

  15. Contra-reforma y des-constitucionalización estatal en Bolivia: Del horizonte plurinacional a la restauración neocolonial del Estado-nación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pabel Camilo López Flores

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Los sentidos y contenidos transformadores del actual texto Constitucional boliviano, como resultado de un polémico proceso constituyente que se realizó en la década pasada con la densidad de una ‘coyuntura fundante’, a pesar de haber sido objeto de negociaciones y modificaciones por actores del poder constituido, resulto en un texto que representaba un horizonte de cambio en torno a la construcción de un Estado Plurinacional. Sin embargo, luego de su aprobación y promulgación, normas sucesivas y políticas estatales y gubernamentales que tiene lugar en la realidad del país apuntarían a un retroceso de los horizontes de transformación estatal de la Constitución y a un evidente proceso de contra-reforma y des-constitucionalización, lo que alejarían cada vez más la construcción plurinacional del Estado y, por el contrario, reproducen y acentúan una faceta monológica del Estado-nación en Bolivia. En este breve texto se propone un abordaje al actual contexto sociopolítico del proceso post-constituyente boliviano en la década actual y una mirada crítica a la situación del horizonte de construcción del Estado plurinacional a través de las orientaciones e implicaciones de las políticas del gobierno del MAS en lo últimos años de manejo estatal, que expresarían, entre otros aspectos, un proceso de des-constitucionalizacion, una tendencia de desplurinacionalizacion del Estado con efectos en la relación del Estado con las organizaciones sociales comunitarias, los pueblos indígenas y con sus reivindicaciones.

  16. 25 CFR 117.27 - Custody of funds pending administration of estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... competency, the superintendent shall pay to the executor or administrator of the estate all moneys and... executor or administrator of the estate: (1) Allowance funds to the credit of the Indian. (2) Any quarterly..., the superintendent shall not pay to the executor or administrator any surplus funds to the credit of...

  17. 43 CFR 30.128 - What happens if an error in BIA's estate inventory is alleged?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What happens if an error in BIA's estate... INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Judicial Authority and Duties § 30.128 What happens if an error in BIA's estate inventory is alleged? This section applies when, during a probate proceeding, an interested...

  18. 7 CFR 1962.8 - Liens on real estate for additional security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Liens on real estate for additional security. 1962.8..., RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... Security § 1962.8 Liens on real estate for additional security. The County Supervisor may take the best...

  19. MODERN TENDENCIES IN THE FIELD OF THE COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.Chubuk

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of owners, got from the use of services of professional real estate management, are exposed. The spheres of most distribution of professional services of real estate management, their progress trends, prevailing form of organization of mutual relations between the owner of the real estate and managing company, special terms of payments for services are revealed. The range of management services and specific criteria of a choice of management companies in domestic practice are exposed, the rating of the leading companies in the market of complex services of commercial real estate management in Ukraine is given. Dynamics of the indicators, characterizing a condition of the market and efficiency of using of commercial real estate in Kiev for the period before and after financial and economic crisis, is illustrated. Reasons that limits possibilities of strategic real estate management in a long-term prospect are examines. The comparative analysis of attractiveness of basic sectors of the Ukrainian commercial property market (office, trade, ware-house real estate is conducted from positions of investing and professional management. There is proved that perspective of investments in the ware-house (industrial real estate is reasonable.

  20. Identifying Selected Behavioral Determinants of Risk and Uncertainty on the Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brzezicka Justyna

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Various market behaviors can be characterized as risky or uncertain, thus their observation is important to the real estate market system. The extensive use of behavioral factors facilitates their implementation and studies in relation to the real estate market system. The behavioral approach has established its own instrumentation which enables elements of risk and uncertainty to be quantified.

  1. 7 CFR 765.401 - Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security. 765.401 Section 765.401 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM... Security and Assumption of Debt § 765.401 Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security. (a...

  2. Lectori Salutem : a real estate research agenda : new topics? new media?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, I.I.

    2011-01-01

    Building a solid and successful research agenda within a department of Architecture, Building and Planning is a challenge for a real estate academic. Whereas an educational program in real estate must cover a broad range of disciplines – like finance, law, marketing, planning and engineering – the

  3. 17 CFR 210.3-15 - Special provisions as to real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Financial Statements § 210.3-15 Special provisions as to real estate investment trusts. (a)(1) The income... real estate investment trust under applicable provisions of the Internal Revenue Code as amended shall... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special provisions as to real...

  4. ANALISIS RASIO ALTMAN MODIFIKASI PADA PREDIKSI KEBANGKRUTAN PERUSAHAAN PROPERTY DAN REAL ESTATE YANG TERDAFTAR DI BEI

    OpenAIRE

    Anita Tri Widiyawati; Supri Wahyudi Utomo; Nik Amah

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh rasio Altman Modifikasi terhadap prediksi kebangkrutan. Jenis penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kuantitatif. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah perusahaan property dan real estate yang terdaftar di BEI. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling sehingga diperoleh sampel sejumlah 32 perusahaan property dan real estate yang menerbitkan laporan keuangannya selama tahun 2011-2013. Teknik analisis data menggunakan regresi logisti...

  5. Utilizing 3D building and 3D cadastre geometries for better valuation of existing real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Isikdag, U.; Horhammer, M.; Zlatanova, S.; Kathmann, R.; Van Oosterom, P.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Valuation of the properties is known as real estate appraisal, property valuation or land valuation and is a process which focuses on determining the value of a building or a land lot. The valuation of each real estate is required prior to any transaction as every property is unique in terms of

  6. Geoinformatic subsystem for real estate market analysis). (Polish Title: Podsystem geoinformatyczny do analizy rynku nieruchomosci)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basista, A.

    2013-12-01

    There are many tools to manage spatial data. They called Geographic Information System (GIS), which apart from data visualization in space, let users make various spatial analysis. Thanks to them, it is possible to obtain more, essential information for real estate market analysis. Many scientific research present GIS exploitation to future mass valuation, because it is necessary to use advanced tools to manage such a huge real estates' data sets gathered for mass valuation needs. In practice, appraisers use rarely these tools for single valuation, because there are not many available GIS tools to support real estate valuation. The paper presents the functionality of geoinformatic subsystem, that is used to support real estate market analysis and real estate valuation. There are showed a detailed description of the process relied to attributes' inputting into the database and the attributes' values calculation based on the proposed definition of attributes' scales. This work presents also the algorithm of similar properties selection that was implemented within the described subsystem. The main stage of this algorithm is the calculation of the price creative indicator for each real estate, using their attributes' values. The set of properties, chosen in this way, are visualized on the map. The geoinformatic subsystem is used for the un-built real estates and living premises. Geographic Information System software was used to worked out this project. The basic functionality of gvSIG software (open source software) was extended and some extra functions were added to support real estate market analysis.

  7. Real Estate Course Outlines--Principles, Appraisal, Finance, Law, Math, Property Management, Investments, Marketing, Brokerage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    This series of course outlines was developed by the Texas Real Estate Research Center to help instructors in developing courses in compliance with the Texas Real Estate License Act Section 7(a). The outlines are general in nature and designed to serve as the basis for the development of a comprehensive course outline based on the texts and…

  8. Real estate added value and decision-making in hospital infrastructure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Zwart, J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the concept of adding value to corporate performance by real estate, and how this concept could be applied in decision-making processes for new hospital infrastructure. A literature review forms the starting point for interviews carried out with hospitals‘ CEOs on how real estate

  9. Decision-making in real estate development : application of game theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Clumac, B.; Blokhuis, E.G.J.; Han, Q.

    2011-01-01

    Decision making in real estate development projects has generally undergone a number of important changes over the last decades. This transition represented a shift from governmentally dominated top-down spatial planning to bottom-up, public-private engagement schemes in real estate development (Tam

  10. 76 FR 71491 - Gross Estate; Election to Value on Alternate Valuation Date

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    ... 14 may be applicable to determine fair market value for Federal estate tax purposes. (iii... valuation period shall be added to the value of the entity on the alternate valuation date. The sum of the... Gross Estate; Election to Value on Alternate Valuation Date AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS...

  11. Taxation of Public Owned Land for Real Estate Reconstruction in Kiev, Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    М.А. Malashevskyy

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Researched of plots and fences used during the reconstruction of real estate in the city Kiev and proposed taxation on public owned land for a period of reconstruction of the real estate. On the base of these calculations, demonstrate the feasibility of such a land taxation.

  12. Wills, Trusts, and Charitable Estate Planning: An Analysis of Document Effectiveness Using Panel Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Russell N., III

    2009-01-01

    This paper compares pre-death charitable testamentary expectations with post-death distributions for deceased panel members in the 1995-2006 Health and Retirement Study. Most respondents who reported having a charitable estate plan in the survey wave immediately prior to their death ultimately generated no charitable estate gift after death.…

  13. Big Data in Real Estate? From Manual Appraisal to Automated Valuation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, Nils; Koponen, Eija-Leena; Martínez-Barbosa, Carmen

    2017-01-01

    Real estate is the third-largest asset class for institutional investors, but determining the value of commercial real estate assets remains elusively hard. In this article, the authors provide a practical application of big data by employing a unique set of data on U.S. multifamily assets, in

  14. Spatio-temporal aspects of gated residential security estates in non-metropolitan Western Cape

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Spocter, M

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available . This research attempts to address this research gap by focusing on the spatio-temporal aspects of non-metropolitan gated residential security estates in the Western Cape Province. It was found that most non-metropolitan gated residential security estates were...

  15. 25 CFR 700.335 - Grouping and granting of applications for life estate leases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Grouping and granting of applications for life estate... OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES Life Estate Leases § 700.335 Grouping and granting of applications for... least 50% (fifty percent) disabled shall be ranked in order of their age with the oldest listed first...

  16. Estate planning for forest landowners: what will become of your timberland?

    Science.gov (United States)

    William C. Siegel; Harry L. Haney; John L. Greene

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this book is to provide guidelines and assistance to nonindustrial private forest owners and the legal, tax, financial, insurance, and forestry professionals who serve them on the application of estate planning techniques to forest properties. The book presents a working knowledge of the Federal estate and gift tax law as of September 30, 2008, with...

  17. Towards phronetic knowledge for strategic planning in corporate real estate management: A real options approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Reedt Dortland, Maartje; Voordijk, Johannes T.; Dewulf, Geert P.M.R.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to provide insights about the potential of real option thinking for corporate real estate management (CREM) from the owner-user perspective. A promising approach to classifying and evaluating flexibility in real estate is the real options approach. Most

  18. 17 CFR 210.12-28 - Real estate and accumulated depreciation. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... depreciation. 1 210.12-28 Section 210.12-28 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... § 210.12-28 Real estate and accumulated depreciation. 1 [For Certain Real Estate Companies] Column A... depreciation Column G—Date of construction Column H—Date acquired Column I—Life on which depreciation in latest...

  19. Ways to study corporate real estate management in healthcare : An analytical framework

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zwart, J.; van der Voordt, Theo; Arkesteijn, M.H.

    2009-01-01

    Since 2008, after 35 years of a publicly supported healthcare real estate budget system, Dutch healthcare organisations have become financially responsible for the profits and risks of their real estate investment. Furthermore the Dutch healthcare system is in transition towards a regulated market

  20. 26 CFR 1.857-6 - Method of taxation of shareholders of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Method of taxation of shareholders of real estate investment trusts. 1.857-6 Section 1.857-6 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...-6 Method of taxation of shareholders of real estate investment trusts. (a) Ordinary income. Except...

  1. 76 FR 39341 - Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [REG-114206-11] RIN 1545-BK21 Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service... how the new markets tax credit program may be amended to encourage non-real estate investments. FOR...

  2. 76 FR 32880 - Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS... markets tax credit. Specifically, this document invites comments from the public on how the new markets tax credit program may be amended to encourage non-real estate investments. The regulations will...

  3. Forest values and the impact of the federal estate tax on family forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenton J. Dickinson; Brett J. Butler; Michael A. Kilgore; Paul Catanzaro; John Greene; Jaketon H. Hewes; David Kittredge; Mary. Tyrrell

    2012-01-01

    Previous research has suggested that heirs to family forest land may sell timber and/or land in order to pay state and/or federal estate taxes, which could result in land use conversion or other adverse ecological impacts. We estimated the number of Minnesota family forest landowners and the associated acreage that could be subject to estate taxes at various exemption...

  4. 78 FR 2483 - Ohio Terminal Railway Company-Operation Exemption-Hannibal Real Estate, LLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... Railway Company--Operation Exemption--Hannibal Real Estate, LLC Ohio Terminal Railway Company (OTRC),\\1\\ a... near Hannibal, in Monroe County, Ohio (the Line), pursuant to an operating agreement with Hannibal Real Estate, LLC (Hannibal). \\1\\ OTRC is a wholly owned, corporate subsidiary of Carload Express, Inc. (CEI...

  5. 31 CFR 500.407 - Administration of blocked estates of decedents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administration of blocked estates of decedents. 500.407 Section 500.407 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... Interpretations § 500.407 Administration of blocked estates of decedents. Section 500.201 prohibits all...

  6. 31 CFR 515.407 - Administration of blocked estates of decedents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administration of blocked estates of decedents. 515.407 Section 515.407 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... Interpretations § 515.407 Administration of blocked estates of decedents. Section 515.201 prohibits all...

  7. Family mineral estate planning in Saskatchewan: a primer for members of the oil and gas industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elash, P.D.

    1997-01-01

    The estate and tax planning problems that are commonly encountered by private individuals who own mines and minerals situated in Saskatchewan were discussed. The basic concepts of legal ownership of mines and minerals, petroleum and natural gas leases, drilling licenses and spacing regulations were reviewed, followed by a summary of basic estate and tax planning strategies. These strategies emphasized the three fundamental objectives of estate and tax planning for family mineral holdings, namely (1) eliminating estate tax, (2) income splitting to minimize tax payable from year to year, and (3) title consolidation to simplify ownership. The various means by which an 'Estate Freeze' can be effected - sale/transfer to spouse and/or children, trust, incorporation, and subsequent sale of mineral assets to the corporation, and the basic tax planning instruments available to to the family mineral owner also have been addressed

  8. Implantación de un entorno virtual de aprendizaje en la Universidad Estatal del Sur de Manabí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Marcillo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra los hitos más relevantes en el proceso de implantación de una plataforma virtual de aprendizaje en la Universidad Estatal del Sur de Manabí (UNESUM. La implantación de dicha plataforma está guiada por los retos y las necesidades que imponen las tendencias actuales del b- learning y los requisitos objetivos de la UNESUM, identificados mediante un estudio diagnóstico realizado a estudiantes y profesores. Con base en otros procesos similares, se define un marco metodológico para la implantación de la plataforma en la universidad. Este trabajo ofrece también consideraciones de diseño e implantación en dos carreras como parte de una prueba piloto, a la vez que puntualiza varias actividades que deben abordarse para su posterior generalización a las demás carreras.

  9. PROBLEMS OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT WITHIN A REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy A. Bryksin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes problems of organization management within a real estate development, the analysis of this problems and the methods of its solution based on the Balanced Scorecard. In present unsteady conditions of business development, commercial activity faces a number of problems. The main types are: the problem of lack of funding, the problem of the growth of a company, the company’s management problem, the problem of business processes, and the problem of the decision-making. As a method to solve the problems is proposed an introduction of the balanced scorecard (BSC, which allows accurately feel the slightest changes in the company, deviation from the planned strategies and adjust the direction of the motion during the life of the company.

  10. Safety practices in Jordanian manufacturing enterprises within industrial estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khrais, Samir; Al-Araidah, Omar; Aweisi, Assaf Mohammad; Elias, Fadia; Al-Ayyoub, Enas

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates occupational health and safety practices in manufacturing enterprises within Jordanian industrial estates. Response rates were 21.9%, 58.6% and 70.8% for small, medium and large sized enterprises, respectively. Survey results show that most companies comply with state regulations, provide necessary facilities to enhance safety and provide several measures to limit and control hazards. On the negative side, little attention is given to safety training that might be due to the lack of related regulations and follow-up, financial limitations or lack of awareness on the importance of safety training. In addition, results show that ergonomic hazards, noise and hazardous chemicals are largely present. Accident statistics show that medium enterprises have the highest accident cases per enterprise, and chemical industries reported highest total number of accidents per enterprise. The outcomes of this study establish a base for appropriate safety recommendations to enhance the awareness and commitment of companies to appropriate safety rules.

  11. Historic town centre management - The real estate industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciubotaru Mihai

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In modern times, many of the socio-economic aspects of our lives (beside the classical understanding of the term industry “evolved(?” into industries: music, arts in general, sports, education, health....have become professionally managed industries. Historical town centres provide goods and services and, in this context, can be regarded as industries, as a whole. All the elements of an industry can be identified in these complex “places”: provision of goods and services, human resources issues, technology, marketing, regulatory and legal aspects, management...all of which pointing towards an approach that needs to be looked at as such. The most important industry in hist oric town centres is the real estate industry.

  12. Two-level modelling of real estate taxtation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gall, Jaroslav; Stubkjær, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Real estate taxes recurrently attract attention, because they are a source of potentially increased revenue for local and national government. Most experts agree that it is necessary to switch from using normative values for taxation to a market-value-based taxation of real property with computer......-assisted mass valuation, witch benefit from use of value maps. In Czech Republic, efforts have been made to adopt current tax policy goals, but improvements are still needed. The paper aims at supporting the current improvement process towards a market based system. It presents models, which describe aspects...... of the present Czech property tax system. A proposal for the future system focuses on the value map component. The described change depends on political involvement. This political activity is modelled as well. The hypothesis is that the two-level modelling effort enhances the change process by providing...

  13. The digitization of the Wundt estate at Leipzig University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Till; Mädebach, Andreas; Schröger, Erich

    2017-08-01

    Wilhelm M. Wundt (1832-1920) was one of the most important German scholars of the 19th and early 20th centuries and famously founded the first institute for experimental psychology in Leipzig in 1879. Wundt's institute established a teaching and research facility that attracted a large number of students from all over the world and contributed greatly to the development of modern psychology. Until now, the relatively poor indexing and documentation as well as the difficulty in accessing the Wundt estate has prevented a widespread and comprehensive investigation and consideration of these documents. The digitization project described in this article has rectified these problems and will hopefully provide a valuable source for students and researchers interested in Wundt's work. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  14. Indoor 3D Route Modeling Based On Estate Spatial Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, H.; Wen, Y.; Jiang, J.; Huang, W.

    2014-04-01

    Indoor three-dimensional route model is essential for space intelligence navigation and emergency evacuation. This paper is motivated by the need of constructing indoor route model automatically and as far as possible. By comparing existing building data sources, this paper firstly explained the reason why the estate spatial management data is chosen as the data source. Then, an applicable method of construction three-dimensional route model in a building is introduced by establishing the mapping relationship between geographic entities and their topological expression. This data model is a weighted graph consist of "node" and "path" to express the spatial relationship and topological structure of a building components. The whole process of modelling internal space of a building is addressed by two key steps: (1) each single floor route model is constructed, including path extraction of corridor using Delaunay triangulation algorithm with constrained edge, fusion of room nodes into the path; (2) the single floor route model is connected with stairs and elevators and the multi-floor route model is eventually generated. In order to validate the method in this paper, a shopping mall called "Longjiang New City Plaza" in Nanjing is chosen as a case of study. And the whole building space is constructed according to the modelling method above. By integrating of existing path finding algorithm, the usability of this modelling method is verified, which shows the indoor three-dimensional route modelling method based on estate spatial data in this paper can support indoor route planning and evacuation route design very well.

  15. 26 CFR 1.642(h)-1 - Unused loss carryovers on termination of an estate or trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... estate or trust. 1.642(h)-1 Section 1.642(h)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF....642(h)-1 Unused loss carryovers on termination of an estate or trust. (a) If, on the final termination...(h)(1) to the beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the estate or trust. See § 1.641(b)-3 for...

  16. 26 CFR 20.6036-2 - Notice of qualification as executor of estate of decedent dying after 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of qualification as executor of estate... AUGUST 16, 1954 Procedure and Administration § 20.6036-2 Notice of qualification as executor of estate of... special notice of qualification as executor of an estate is required to be filed. The requirement of...

  17. 77 FR 43146 - Twin Cities & Western Railroad Company, the Estate of Douglas M. Head, and the DMH Trust fbo...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-23

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35642] Twin Cities & Western Railroad Company, the Estate of Douglas M. Head, and the DMH Trust fbo Martha M. Head--Continuance... Class III rail carrier, and the Estate of Douglas M. Head (the Estate), a noncarrier, to continue in...

  18. 12 CFR 617.7610 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? 617.7610 Section 617.7610 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT... institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? (a) Notify the previous owner, (1) Within 15 days of the System institution's decision to sell acquired agricultural real estate, it must...

  19. 12 CFR 617.7615 - What should the System institution do when it decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate? 617.7615 Section 617.7615 Banks and Banking FARM... the System institution do when it decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate? (a) Notify the... real estate at a rate equivalent to the appraised rental value of the property. (1) Within 15 days...

  20. 26 CFR 55.4981-2 - Imposition of excise tax with respect to certain undistributed income of real estate investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... certain undistributed income of real estate investment trusts; calendar years beginning after December 31... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES (CONTINUED) EXCISE TAX ON REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS AND REGULATED INVESTMENT COMPANIES Excise Tax on Real Estate Investment Trusts § 55.4981-2 Imposition of excise tax with...

  1. 41 CFR 102-72.30 - What are the different types of delegations related to real estate leasing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... types of delegations related to real estate leasing? 102-72.30 Section 102-72.30 Public Contracts and... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 72-DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY Delegation of Authority § 102-72.30 What are the different types of delegations related to real estate leasing? Delegations related to real estate leasing...

  2. 14 CFR 1204.501 - Delegation of authority-to take actions in real estate and related matters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... real estate and related matters. 1204.501 Section 1204.501 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS... Delegation of authority—to take actions in real estate and related matters. (a) Delegation of authority. The... conditions imposed by immediate superiors, to: (1) Prescribe agency real estate policies, procedures, and...

  3. 12 CFR 617.7620 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? 617.7620 Section 617.7620 Banks and... What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? System institutions electing to sell or lease acquired agricultural real estate or a...

  4. 75 FR 31334 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Strengthening and Clarifying RESPA's “Required Use...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-03

    ...-A178 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Strengthening and Clarifying RESPA's ``Required Use... by those in a position to refer settlement business (such as builders, real estate agents, and... referral fees, kickbacks, and unearned fees for real estate settlement services.\\1\\ \\1\\ In July 2008...

  5. Device-associated infection rates and mortality in intensive care units of Peruvian hospitals: findings of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium Tasas de infección asociadas a aparatos y mortalidad en unidades de cuidados intensivos de hospitales peruanos: datos del Consorcio Internacional para el Control de las Infecciones Nosocomiales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis E. Cuellar

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To measure device-associated infection (DAI rates, microbiological profiles, bacterial resistance, and attributable mortality in intensive care units (ICUs in hospitals in Peru that are members of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC. METHODS: Prospective cohort surveillance of DAIs was conducted in ICUs in four hospitals applying the definitions for nosocomial infections of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System (CDC-NNIS and National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN. RESULTS: From September 2003 to October 2007 1 920 patients hospitalized in ICUs for an aggregate of 9 997 days acquired 249 DAIs, accounting for a rate of 13.0% and 24.9 DAIs per 1 000 ICU-days. The ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP rate was 31.3 per 1 000 ventilator-days; the central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CVC-BSI rate was 7.7 cases per 1 000 catheter-days; and the rate for catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI was 5.1 cases per 1 000 catheter-days. Extra mortality for VAP was 24.5% (RR 2.07, P OBJETIVOS: Determinar las tasas de infecciones asociadas a aparatos (IAA, sus perfiles microbiológicos y la resistencia bacteriana, así como la mortalidad atribuible a estas infecciones en unidades de cuidados intensivos (UCI de hospitales de Perú, miembros del Consorcio Internacional para el Control de las Infecciones Nosocomiales (INICC. MÉTODOS: Se hizo un seguimiento retrospectivo de cohorte de las IAA en las UCI de cuatro hospitales, según las definiciones de infección nosocomial del Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia de Infecciones Nosocomiales de los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades (CDC-NNIS y de la Red Nacional de Seguridad Sanitaria (NHSN, de los Estados Unidos de América. RESULTADOS: De septiembre de 2003 a octubre de 2007, 1 920 pacientes hospitalizados en las UCI, con un total de 9 997 días, adquirieron

  6. Neoliberalismo y oclusión de la política en el peronismo cordobés. Algunas notas desde una lectura rancièrana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Reynares

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta algunos avances de investigación en el marco de una tesis doctoral que se pregunta por las transformaciones de un actor político – partidario subnacional, el peronismo cordobés, bajo la hegemonía neoliberal en la última década del siglo XX. En pos de una reflexión sobre el neoliberalismo, traemos a colación algunos aportes del filósofo Jacques Rancière, más específicamente su desarrollo de las lógicas de la política y la policía, y de la emergencia subjetiva del demos. Nos interesa analizar algunos efectos de la sobredeterminación neoliberal, tanto en la palabra pública como en la práctica partidaria, en el peronismo cordobés, bajo lo que consideraremos como una expansión de la lógica policial que conlleva una obturación de la posibilidad de emergencia del demos como sujeto político abarcador. Así la práctica política será interpretada por los actores políticos como expresión de diferencias sociales en el aparato administrativo del Estado, o bien como adaptación ante la inevitabilidad de procesos económicos.

  7. Use of Multicriteria Valuation of Spatial Units in a System of Mass Real Estate Valuation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Kuburić

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A model of mass valuation at the national level must be functional, practically applicable, consistent and adaptable to actual conditions and real estate market trends. A consideration of the influence of location on real estate value in a spatial unit, and a description of spatial units with a sufficient number of attributes to determine a connection between the value of these attributes and the average price of real estate in a spatial unit, are important tasks in modelling a system of mass real estate valuation. This paper, based on a test implementation of mass real estate valuation for an area covering a number of municipalities in the Republic of Serbia, offers conclusions on the suitability of the use of a mass valuation method grounded in the principles of logical aggregation and case based reasoning. The values of location characteristics, or factors of spatial unit valuation, were determined in spatial analyses employing GIS, according to an established system of multicriteria valuation. This approach ensures that a model-defined value is not stored as offline data, but that each time such data is needed, it can be determined following the proposed methodology, based on actual, updated data from the databases of official spatial data registries. Prior to this, it is necessary to meet all the required prerequisites, which include the distributed databases of official real estate data registries and other factors needed in the mass valuation procedure. Keywords: real estate valuation; spatial units; multicriteria analysis

  8. Determination of aluminium and physicochemical parameters in the palm oil estates water supply at Johor, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siti Farizwana, M R; Mazrura, S; Zurahanim Fasha, A; Ahmad Rohi, G

    2010-01-01

    The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al) and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, and residual chlorine) in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S), the treatment plant outlet (TPO), and at the nearest houses (H1) and the furthest houses (H2) from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90). The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU). Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L). Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

  9. Creación de una escuela virtual de padres y madres en un centro de educación infantil de Perafort (Tarragona)

    OpenAIRE

    Garreta-Salgado, Judith

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo de fin de grado pretende poner de manifiesto la importancia de que exista una relación constante entre familia y escuela. Para ello, realizaremos una breve recopilación de lo que señala al respecto la normativa educativa tanto a nivel estatal como autonómico y expondremos brevemente algunas iniciativas que se están llevando a cabo para fomentar la relación entre familia y escuela. Además, definiremos qué es una escuela de padres y madres y qué tipos existen en la actualida...

  10. Ranking of options of real estate use by expert assessments mathematical processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepikhina, O. Yu; Skachkova, M. E.; Mihaelyan, T. A.

    2018-05-01

    The article is devoted to the development of the real estate assessment concept. In conditions of multivariate using of the real estate method based on calculating, the integral indicator of each variant’s efficiency is proposed. In order to calculate weights of criteria of the efficiency expert method, Analytic hierarchy process and its mathematical support are used. The method allows fulfilling ranking of alternative types of real estate use in dependence of their efficiency. The method was applied for one of the land parcels located on Primorsky district in Saint Petersburg.

  11. Factors Related to the Selection of a Real Estate Agency or Agent

    OpenAIRE

    Joyce M. Johnson; Hugh O. Nourse; Ellen Day

    1988-01-01

    Real estate firms attempting to maintain or increase their market share want to know the characteristics of the firm or individual agents that are important to market participants. A survey of homeowners conducted during August 1987 found the following: 1) the individual agent is more important than the firm itself in the selection of a real estate firm; 2) knowing an agent of the firm was the primary factor considered in the selection of a real estate firm; and 3) agent characteristics of se...

  12. Deer forests, game shooting and landed estates in the South West of Ireland, 1840 - 1970

    OpenAIRE

    Ryan, John M. (Sean)

    2001-01-01

    This thesis is concentrated on the historical aspects of the elitist field sports of deer stalking and game shooting, as practiced by four Irish landed ascendancy families in the south west of Ireland. Four great estates were selected for study. Two of these were, by Irish standards, very large: the Kenmare estate of over 136,000 acres in the ownership of the Roman Catholic Earls of Kenmare, and the Herbert estate of over 44,000 acres in the ownership of the Protestant Herbert family. The oth...

  13. Organising the unorganised: Role of platform intermediaries in the Indian real estate market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Srinivasan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A large component of the Indian economy is still in the unorganised (or informal sector. The emergence of new intermediaries leveraging the Internet has contributed significantly to organising the hitherto unorganised sector. We discuss the case of the Indian real estate industry and elucidate how Internet-based intermediaries have mitigated the problems associated with the unorganised nature of the industry. The three primary problems associated with the unorganised nature of the industry are adverse selection, moral hazard, and weak contract enforcement. Leaders representing four leading real estate platforms discuss how organising the real estate business as a platform business model helps mitigate these risks.

  14. Global Factors that Affect the Real Estate Markets in the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Povilas Švogžlys

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The place, neighbourhood, infrastructure, and apartment plan are the main factors which have an influence on price for the buyers, sellers, investors, or brokers participating in the buying and selling processes of real estate. Participants of the process forget frequently that there are more crucial factors which can affect not only the prices of property, but the prices of real estate in the whole region as well in the future. The article uses benchmarking and discuss the main external factors which affect the real estate market in the European Union, the current events and the proposals are presented and the specific conclusions are identified.

  15. Argus developer in practice real estate development modeling in the real world

    CERN Document Server

    Havard, Tim M

    2014-01-01

    First ""missing manual"" for Argus Developer--case studies show readers how to analyze a development, something Argus manuals don't do. Argus Developer is by far the leading program for real estate developers worldwide The book is an education in real estate finance as well as the program Author teaches seminars and consults with people using the program--back of room sales likely Author has three other books on real estate development Possibility that Argus gets behind the project The book will contain dozens of screenshots

  16. Retos del proceso de integración Europeo. Una valoración

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Saiz Álvarez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Las recientes ampliaciones comunitarias realizadas hacia el Este del continente europeo están provocando una serie de cambios estructurales que serán irreversibles en el tiempo. Para que el proceso de cambio sea beneficioso, desde una doble perspectiva económica y social, se ha de dar dentro de códigos de buen gobierno por parte de las empresas, lucha contra el fraude y la corrupción y la generalización de una economía social de mercado en el que los fallos de mercado sean compensados con un ligero intervencionismo estatal. Experiencia europea que puede servir de ejemplo para otros procesos de integración que se están dando en otras regiones del planeta.

  17. La “Billetera Móvil” del BCE, una iniciativa estatal contra la pobreza: efectos económicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zanzzi-Díaz, Pedro

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The “mobile wallet (billetera móvil” is a project designed by the Central Bank of Ecuador (BCE to help people settled in low income areas to access the financial services. It’s basically a mobile payment system, which is defined as a payment where a mobile device is used to initiate, authorize and confirm an exchange of economic value between goods and services. We calculate the increase in financial inclusion as a result of making real this project and based on this we calculated the impact on the economy of our country. You can see the results in productivity, savings, entrepreneurship, employment and other social indicators, too. Furthermore, we can see the importance of financial inclusion and how a small investment by the state can help the fight against poverty.

  18. Nicaragua: una televisión melodramática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto López

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente Nicaragua tiene cuatro canales de televisión VHF y uno en UHF. Dos de los VHF son estatales en tanto que el resto pertenece a privados. La programación en ese país centroamericano es principalmente enlatada y, en ese marco general, se destacan las telenovelas. El género melodramático es campo exclusivo de la televisión estatal. Todos los días y durante toda la programación, de inicio a fin, los canales 2 y 6 programan telenovelas. La mayoría de los culebrones son mexicanos y argentinos, en tanto que solo 3 provienen de Brasil (cuyas telenovelas se caracterizan por una factura técnica y conceptual muy superior y una es colombiana (siendo una de las producciones de menor calidad de un país que últimamente ha hecho series melodramáticas casi tan logradas como las brasileñas.

  19. Teletrabajadores: entre los discursos optimistas y los contextos precarizados. Una aproximación desde el caso argentino

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez, Alejandro Damián; D'Errico, Julieta

    2017-01-01

    Resumen Este artículo pretende aportar al conocimiento del teletrabajo para el caso argentino, prestando especial atención a la perspectiva de una multiplicidad de actores que tienen intereses distintos sobre él, incluso contrapuestos si se toma en consideración la dicotomía capital-trabajo. Con base en una metodología cualitativa se elaboró, por un lado, un análisis de fuentes para dar cuenta de 10 que algunos actores específicos de la órbita estatal y de los medios masivos de comunicación s...

  20. Captura de un Carricero Tordal (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) realizando una muda completa en el sur de España

    OpenAIRE

    Puente, Javier de la; Fernández Mejías, Jesús

    1996-01-01

    El 12 de setembre de 1996 es va capturar un balquer adult que realitzava una muda completa a la Rocina, Parc Nacional de Doñana. L'estat avançat de la muda (amb una muda intensa a les quatre primàries més externes, totes les secundàries i totes les rectrius) i la manca de greix, suggereix que aquest ocell completaria la muda a Ibèria abans de partir cap als quarters d'hivernada.

  1. Inteligencia emocional en alumnos de sexto grado de una institución educativa policial y una estatal del distrito Callao

    OpenAIRE

    Quispe Fuentes, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this descriptive-comparative investigation was to prove whether there are differences in the levels of emotional intelligence among the students of a police educational institution and a public educational institution. The intentional nonprobabilistic sample was composed of 140 sixth graders, both sexes and aged 10-12 years. The instrument applied was knowing my emotions test for children adapted by Ruiz and Benites (2004). The results showed that there are significant differen...

  2. FUNDAMENTOS CONCEPTUALES DE UNA TEORÍA DE INTERFERENCIA UNIFICADA PARA ONDAS Y PARTÍCULAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Román Castañeda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La interferencia de la luz y de la materia se aborda de manera muy distinta, a pesar de que sea producida por arreglos experimentales con la misma configuración a escala diferente, que entregan resultados de morfología similar, llamados patrones de interferencia. El aparato matemático empleado para la predicción de los patrones de interferencia es similar y se basa en la superposición de funciones de onda. No obstante, mientras que en el caso de la luz la superposición de ondas es un principio fenomenológico que conduce a explicaciones físicas, en el caso de la materia, las funciones de onda no tienen significado físico, por lo que su superposición no conduce a explicaciones fenomenológicas. Así, fenómenos físicos análogos no se explican con base en causas naturales comunes y necesarias, como lo establecen las dos reglas de filosofía natural de Newton vigentes para el análisis de resultados experimentales. En este trabajo se proponen fundamentos conceptuales para una teoría basada en un nuevo principio físico de interferencia, tanto para luz como para la materia, que supera tales limitaciones y se ajusta a las reglas filosóficas de Newton.

  3. IMPLICACIONES TERRITORIALES DE UNA GRAN OBRA HIDRÁULICA: EL EMBALSE DEL TRANCO (CABECERA DEL GUADALQUIVIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Araque Jiménez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Situado en la cabecera del Guadalquivir, el embalse del Tranco fue durante muchos años el de mayor capacidad de almacenamiento de agua de toda Andalucía. Sus aportaciones resultaron fundamentales para el sostenimiento del regadío en el gran valle bético, al tiempo que con sus aguas pudo generarse una parte de la energía eléctrica que se precisaba para la modernización del aparato productivo andaluz y la mejora de las condiciones de vida en multitud de hogares en el valle del Guadalquivir. Frente a estas perspectivas tan halagüeñas, las aguas embalsadas en el Tranco apenas tuvieron repercusiones socioeconómicas positivas para la Sierra de Segura. Las expropiaciones masivas a las que dio origen tanto la construcción del embalse como la repoblación forestal que lo acompañó, propiciaron la emigración masiva de centenares de vecinos, muchas veces en condiciones de extrema precariedad. Por otro lado, las aguas del Tranco nunca se utilizaron para la expansión del regadío por algunos de los fértiles valles próximos al embalse, ni la electricidad generada a pie de presa llegó a los hogares serranos, que siguieron careciendo de este servicio durante muchos años.

  4. Irradiance of phototherapy equipment in maternity wards in Maceió La irradiación de los aparatos de fototerapia en las maternidades de Maceió Irradiância dos aparelhos de fototerapia nas maternidades de Maceió

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Laura Costa Ferreira

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The effectiveness of neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia treatment depends directly on the amount of energy emitted by light (irradiance. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the irradiance of phototherapy equipment in maternity wards in Maceió, AL, Brazil. All equipment in use in the neonatal units in Maceió was included in the study, totaling 36 devices, except those in maintenance. The measurement of irradiance was carried out with a radiometer. We observed that 72.20% of the equipment presented efficient irradiance and 27.76% were inefficient. The conclusion is that the majority of phototherapy devices are emitting the minimum required irradiance for neonatal jaundice treatment.La eficacia del tratamiento de la hiperbilirrubinemia neonatal depende directamente de la cantidad de energía emitida por la luz (irradiación. Este es un estudio transversal que objetivó determinar la irradiación de los aparatos de fototerapia en las maternidades de Maceió. Es un muestreo por censo, ya que incluyó todos los aparatos en uso en las unidades neonatales de Maceió, en el total de treinta y seis aparatos (36, excluyéndose aquellos que estaban en manutención. La medición de la irradiación fue realizada con un radiómetro. Se observó que 72,20% de los aparatos presentaron irradiación eficaz y 27,76% de los aparatos fueron ineficaces. Se concluye que la mayoría de los aparatos de fototerapia está emitiendo la irradiación mínima terapéutica para el tratamiento de la ictericia neonatal.A eficácia do tratamento da hiperbilirrubinemia neonatal está na dependência direta da quantidade de energia emitida pela luz (irradiância. Este é um estudo transversal que objetivou determinar a irradiância dos aparelhos de fototerapia nas maternidades de Maceió. A amostragem foi censitária, pois incluiu todos os aparelhos em uso nas unidades neonatais de Maceió, no total de trinta e seis aparelhos (36, excluindo-se aqueles que estavam em manuten

  5. una sociedad emergente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derlisiret Rincón M.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo busca reflexionar por una parte acerca del papel de la ciencia, la tecnología y la educación, como factores de desarrollo de las naciones e intenta responder la interrogante en torno al cómo estas variables contribuirán a la transformación de la realidad social venezolana. Los planteamientos expuestos en este artículo forman parte de una investigación cualitativa que se sustenta en una revisión teórica cuyos resultados indican que existe la posibilidad cierta de construir y alcanzar una Venezuela virtual en los próximos años; es decir, se vislumbra un país interconectado y funcionando a través de redes cuyos individuos estarían capacitados y entrenados en el uso y usufructo de las nuevas tecnologías. Esta visión de país, se basa en la premisa de que la oportuna implementación de la Planificación de Ciencia y Tecnología resultaría instrumento de vinculación de las variables tecnológicas, educativas y científicas, que permiten obtener conocimientos especializados y orientados a la solución de problemas de creciente dimensión global. Tales conocimientos, pudieran generar los cambios sustanciales necesarios en el contexto nacional, para lograr modificar o disminuir el sentido de crecimiento de la brecha o divisoria digital en este entorno

  6. El riñón y el aparato excretor urinario en la embarazada. Consideraciones básicas The kidney and the urinary excretory system in the pregnant woman. Basic considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abelardo Toirac Lamarque

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios en la estructura y función del aparato urinario que suceden durante el proceso reproductivo, son relevantes y garantizan la normalidad evolutiva de la preñez. Sin embargo, las complicaciones en el embarazo, parto y puerperio, además de las afecciones congénitas o adquiridas, pueden dañar la calidad de vida, e incluso la vida, del binomio madre-perinato. En esta revisión bibliográfica los autores describieron importantes aspectos del tema relacionados con la embriología, la anatomía, la fisiología, las modificaciones anatomofisiológicas, la exploración clínica y paraclínica y las enfermedades del tracto urinario. Asimismo, se consideraron la evolución del embarazo en la nefrópata, la estrecha correlación del riñón con la preeclampsia y la eclampsia, y las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles de apreciable repercusión en la gestante (diabetes mellitus, hipertensión arterial crónica, hemoglobinopatías de tipo S rasgo S y enfermedades del colágeno. Finalmente, se reseñaron brevemente algunos elementos sobre los tumores renales en las embarazadas y los fundamentales medios terapéuticos como hemodiálisis, trasplante de riñón y trasplante de riñón y páncreas.The changes in the structure and function of the urinary system taking place during the reproductive process are outstanding and they guarantee the progressive normality of pregnancy. However, complications in the pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium, besides the congenital or acquired disorders, can damage the life quality, and even life, of the mother-perinate binomial. In this literature review the authors described important aspects of the topic related to the embryology, anatomy, physiology, and the anatomical and physiologic modifications, the clinical and paraclinical examinations and diseases of the urinary tract. Likewise, the progress of pregnancy in the pregnant woman with nephropathy, the closed correlation of kidney with preeclampsia and

  7. Real estate value prediction using multivariate regression models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjula, R.; Jain, Shubham; Srivastava, Sharad; Rajiv Kher, Pranav

    2017-11-01

    The real estate market is one of the most competitive in terms of pricing and the same tends to vary significantly based on a lot of factors, hence it becomes one of the prime fields to apply the concepts of machine learning to optimize and predict the prices with high accuracy. Therefore in this paper, we present various important features to use while predicting housing prices with good accuracy. We have described regression models, using various features to have lower Residual Sum of Squares error. While using features in a regression model some feature engineering is required for better prediction. Often a set of features (multiple regressions) or polynomial regression (applying a various set of powers in the features) is used for making better model fit. For these models are expected to be susceptible towards over fitting ridge regression is used to reduce it. This paper thus directs to the best application of regression models in addition to other techniques to optimize the result.

  8. Real Estate Investment Trusts in the Developed Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia A. Burkova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, performance of239 real estate investment trusts (REITs from 15 developed countries is analyzed according to their regional specific characteristics. This investment vehicle is rapidly spreading all over the world due to high returns it offers while being of low risk, and since the governments create special legislation. In 2013, there were around 30 countries where REITs can be created, so regional specifics of REITs' performance can be studied. USA has the oldest REITs market in the world with 133 trusts operating there. Popularity of American REITs is explained by the fact that they usually hold well diversified portfolios of property with stable income. This helped them rather successfully survive through the global economic crisis of2008-2010, but after that attracted close attention of institutional investors which has led to the creation of new bubble on the market. European REITs market has appeared recently, its development being slowed down by the recent crisis. The debt crisis and liquidity strain caused REITs lack of funds; economic downturn led to the reduction of trusts' returns, resulting in the outflow of the investment to the USA. In 2012, the recovery of the debt capital market reanimated the REITs market. REITs in the Asia-Pacific region are very risky thus offering a high riskpremium. Their returns are unstable and fluctuate in line with the global economic situation. After the crisis, REITs have been the most attractive investment vehicle on the market offering high yield.

  9. CRIPTOSPORIDIOSIS: UNA ZOONOSIS PARASITARIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Vergara

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available La criptosporidiosis es una enfermedad parasitariaproducida por protozoos coccidios pertenecientes algénero Cryptosporidium. Su importancia se puso demanifiesto a comienzos de los años 1980 por lo quepuede considerarse una patología de conocimientorelativamente reciente, aunque actualmente se hademostrado que es una de las infecciones entéricasmás frecuentes en humanos y animales y un problemade salud pública en todo el mundo (Casemore et al.1997. La especie de mayor interés dentro del género,y a la cual nos referiremos a lo largo de esta revisión,es C. parvum, que se multiplica preferentemente enlas células epiteliales del intestino delgado de losmamíferos desencadenando diarrea por absorción ydigestión deficientes y que debido a su escasaespecificidad de hospedador, puede transmitirseindistintamente entre los mamíferos domésticos y elhombre

  10. Hacia una vejez útil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández Amparo

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Con lleva un interés bien particular encontrarnos con una población tan heterogénea en cuanto a caracterización se refiere, ya porque miremos en ella sus hábitos, sus costumbres, procedencia, nivel socio-cultural, etc., dicha comunidad de ancianos plantea, de inmediato la necesidad de ponerse en un contacto generacional que rompiera y dejara atrás la rutina y la monotonía, propia de su cotidianidad, es entonces cuando tres profesionales altamente motivadas en el trabajo comunitario, inician un proceso vivo y dinámico con el anciano institucionalizado a fin de que ellos recobraran el protagonismo, elevaran su autoestima, tomaran parte en la toma de decisiones frente a su vida, y volvieran a sentirse en capacidad de dar respuesta a sus conflictos, buscando alternativas de solución en una tarea mancomunada que exigió madurez, diálogo y comunicación permanente entre cada una de las partes involucradas en dicho proceso.

  11. 15 CFR 80.3 - Rules applicable to deceased persons and estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., insurance beneficiary, or the executor or administrator of a deceased person's estate. The request must be... death. The request of an executor or administrator must be accompanied by a certified copy of the court...

  12. The global financial crisis: Is there any contagion between real estate and equity markets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Eddie Chi-man; Chan, Ka Kwan Kevin

    2014-07-01

    This study examines contagion across equity and securitized real estate markets of Hong Kong, US and UK during the global financial crisis by the Forbes-Rigobon, coskewness and cokurtosis tests. In particular, this is the first study to use the cokurtosis test to examine contagion between real estate and equity markets. The results show that the cokurtosis test can detect additional channels of contagion, and hence is a more powerful test. In contrary to Fry et al. (2010), we find that the cokurtosis test shows a highly significant evidence of contagion between the equity and real estate markets in both directions. In particular, the contagion between US's equity and real estate markets is the most significant. This reflects that US is the centre of shock of the global financial crisis.

  13. The Journal of Real Estate Research: A Ten-Year Review

    OpenAIRE

    G. Donald Jud

    1996-01-01

    This paper provides a catalogue of the papers published in The Journal of Real Estate Research during its first ten years of operation, 1986-96. Articles are indexed by volume and number of The Journal, author, title, and subject.

  14. Carrington Real Estate Services, LLC and Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC Information Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrington Real Estate Services, LLC and Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC (the Company) is located in Anaheim, California. The settlement involves the sale of properties constructed prior to 1978, located in Bakersfield and Ridgecrest, California.

  15. 12 CFR 32.7 - Residential real estate loans, small business loans, and small farm loans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... concerns about credit quality, undue concentrations in the bank's portfolio of residential real estate, small business, or small farm loans, or concerns about the bank's overall credit risk management systems...

  16. 32 CFR 644.8 - Planning and scheduling real estate activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Civil Works § 644.8 Planning and scheduling... of sound judgment, actual hardship is found to exist. (iii) Individual tract ownerships recommended...

  17. Are South African financial advisor addressing the estate planning objectives that are important to their client?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venter, J.M.P.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Estate planning is an important aspect of any effective financial plan. When preparing an estate plan several objectives identified by the individual planner, as well as several pieces of legislation have to be considered. In South Africa the actions of financial advisors are regulated by the Financial Advisory and Intermediary Services Act. The act aims to ensure that the financial advisor act in the best interest of his / her client. If the act meets its set objectives there will be an alignment of objectives set by a financial advisor and his / her client. This study investigates the existence of an expectation gap between the estate planning objectives considered to be important by the financial advisor and the importance allocated to these factors by the clients. The study found that there was an expectation gap for three of the objectives that should be considered in the estate plan

  18. An overview of steps and tools for the corporate real estate strategy alignment process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Appel - Meulenbroek, H.A.J.A.; Haynes, B.

    2014-01-01

    Strategic thinking is a continuous process, alternating between thinking, planning and evaluating. Corporate real estate management (CREM) practitioners need to align their strategy and activities with corporate strategy during the entire process that the organisation goes through. Along the way,

  19. Time-varying correlations in global real estate markets: A multivariate GARCH with spatial effects approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Huaying; Liu, Zhixue; Weng, Yingliang

    2017-04-01

    The present study applies the multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (MGARCH) with spatial effects approach for the analysis of the time-varying conditional correlations and contagion effects among global real estate markets. A distinguishing feature of the proposed model is that it can simultaneously capture the spatial interactions and the dynamic conditional correlations compared with the traditional MGARCH models. Results reveal that the estimated dynamic conditional correlations have exhibited significant increases during the global financial crisis from 2007 to 2009, thereby suggesting contagion effects among global real estate markets. The analysis further indicates that the returns of the regional real estate markets that are in close geographic and economic proximities exhibit strong co-movement. In addition, evidence of significantly positive leverage effects in global real estate markets is also determined. The findings have significant implications on global portfolio diversification opportunities and risk management practices.

  20. Uncertainty management in Real Estate Development: Studying the potential of SCRUM design methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blokpoel, S.B.; Reymen, Isabelle; Dewulf, Geert P.M.R.; Sariyildiz, S.; Tuncer, B.

    2005-01-01

    Real estate development is all about assessing and controlling risks and uncertainties. Risk management implies making decisions based on quantified risks to execute riskresponse measures. Uncertainties, on the other hand, cannot be quantified and are therefore unpredictable. In literature, much

  1. Estimation of pollution load from an industrial estate, south-western ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ETIM

    African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Vol. 6(2), pp. 125-129 ... up pollution control strategies and prioritization of activities. ... effective intervention. The study .... natural eco-system of the Ota industrial estate. Industrial toxic ...

  2. La guerra en el Antiguo Egipto: Una interpretación simbólica desde los postulados teóricos de Mircea Eliade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerván, Héctor Horacio

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La guerra, en tanto construcción y fenómeno social, no es ajena a los marcos de sentido de la comunidad en la cual se desarrolla. En el Antiguo Egipto los conflictos bélicos, al servicio del aparato estatal, funcionaron como mecanismos de legitimación del poder regio. En este trabajo nos proponemos analizar ese aspecto desde la cosmovisión religiosa egipcia, teniendo en cuenta las categorías de análisis elaboradas por el historiador de las religiones Mircea Eliade. Comenzaremos con algunas consideraciones generales acerca de la guerra y de la concepción de lo extranjero, para terminar luego con un análisis del “Poema de Pentaur” de la Batalla de Kadesh. Abstract The war, in both construction and social phenomenon, is no stranger to the frames of sense of the community in which it develops. In Ancient Egypt the war, at the service of the state apparatus, functioned as mechanisms of legitimation of royal power. In this paper we analyze that aspect from the Egyptian religious worldview, taking into account the categories of analysis developed by the historian of religions Mircea Eliade. We begin with some general considerations about the war and the concept of the foreign, to end then with an analysis of the “Poem of Pentaur” from the Battle of Kadesh.

  3. Una metropolitana chiamata "tram"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariella Zoppi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Perché il caso-Firenze della tramvia ha avuto un rilievo così forte sui media nazionali? Perché la tramvia (se vogliamo continuare a chiamare così una metropolitana di superficie è parte di un sovvertimento dei valori storici, estetici ed economici della città di cui il sistema di trasporto è solo un frammento. La grande operazione di trasformazione, come viene chiamata dall’Amministrazione comunale, passa per il cambiamento di destinazione e la nuova edificazione di molte aree urbane: dall’area Fiat e da quella dell’ex-officine ferroviarie di Porta a Prato (ormai in fase conclusiva, dall’avvio dell’edificazione privata a Castello (vicenda nota negli anni Ottanta come “Fondiaria” a quelle di aree di minori dimensioni che interessano ex-cinema o teatri (è di questi giorni il destino dell’attuale Teatro comunale che si mutano in abitazioni pregiate o di fabbriche dismesse che si trasformano, con il loro carico volumetrico pressoché intatto (a pareggiare i conti ci pensa la “perequazione”, in parcheggi in struttura (semi-vuoti perché mal collocati, residenze, uffici, alberghi e quant’altro possa essere “utile” ad una città invecchiata che ha perso, centomila abitanti fra il 1971 ed il 2001, passando da una popolazione di 457.803 a una di 356.118. Come nel resto del Paese, anche a Firenze, non esiste più un dibattito pubblico che riporti gli umori della città all’interno delle vicende politiche e amministrative, e dunque tutto avviene fra l’indifferenza delle cronache locali che sembrano più interessate alle dichiarazioni di questo o quel personaggio che alla effettiva trasmissione delle informazioni. Le notizie circolano sulla rete, veicolate dai comitati (ormai c’è un comitato di cittadini per ogni strada o problema, che vive separatamente dagli amministratori e diventano patrimonio di quanti abbiano una sia pur minima alfabetizzazione informatica.

  4. De Maquiavelo al Estado postmoderno. Paradigmas políticos de aproximación al fenómeno estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito hace una síntesis de la evolución en los cánones de lectura del Estado como objeto político, desde una perspectiva multidisciplinaria. El punto de partida es el proceso de secularización en la comprensión del Estado impulsado por Maquiavelo con la publicación de El Príncipe a comienzos del siglo XVI. A continuación se explora: 1 el aporte fundamental del derecho y los filósofos políticos de los siglos XVII y XVIII en la construcción del imaginario estatal, hasta llegar al modelo de Estado social de derecho; 2 las transformaciones que supuso para el fenómeno estatal la revolución democrática; 3 la renovación de la agenda investigativa operada en las tres últimas décadas por los estudios sobre las transformaciones de los regímenes políticos, el desarrollo de los Estados de bienestar, el capital social y la efectividad democrática; 4 los nuevos derroteros epistemológicos trazados por la globalización, el neoconstitucionalismo y el análisis de políticas públicas. El texto concluye con una reflexión sobre el futuro del Estado-nación y la democracia en tanto modelos hoy prevalentes de organización y ejercicio del poder, así como sobre las características del nuevo paradigma científico vehiculado por el discurso de los Estados fallidos. La naturaleza sintética del artículo naturalmente excluye cualquier pretensión de exhaustividad y por ende se centra en las mutaciones más relevantes de la caja de herramientas utilizada para el análisis del devenir estatal.

  5. Device-associated infection rates in intensive care units of Brazilian hospitals: datos de la Comunidad Científica Internacional de Control de Infecciones Nosocomiales Tasa de infecciones asociadas a aparatos en unidades de cuidados intensivos de hospitales brasileños

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Salomao

    2008-09-01

    guidelines. These actions should become a priority in every country.OBJETIVOS: Determinar las tasas de infección asociadas a aparatos (IAA, los perfiles microbiológicos, la resistencia bacteriana, la estancia hospitalaria adicional y la mortalidad atribuible en las unidades de cuidados intensivos (UCI de tres hospitales brasileños miembros de la Comunidad Científica Internacional de Control de Infecciones Nosocomiales (INICC. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una vigilancia prospectiva de cohorte de las IAA en cinco UCI de tres hospitales urbanos de Brasil, según las definiciones del Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia de Infecciones Nosocomiales de los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades (CDC-NNIS de los Estados Unidos de América. RESULTADOS: Entre abril de 2003 y febrero de 2006 se hospitalizaron 1 031 pacientes en las cinco UCI estudiadas, con un total de 10 293 días en los que se adquirieron 307 IAA, para una tasa de 29,8% (29,8 IAA por 1 000 días-UCI. Las tasas fueron: de 20,9 casos por 1 000 días-ventilador en neumonía asociada a respiradores (NAR; de 9,1 por 1 000 días-catéter en infecciones circulatorias asociadas con cateterismo venoso central (IC-CVC; y de 9,6 por 1 000 días-catéter en infecciones urinarias asociadas con el uso de catéteres (IUAC. De las IAA causadas por Staphylococcus aureus, 95% se debieron a cepas resistentes a la meticilina. De las infecciones causadas por Enterobacteriaceae, 96,7% fueron resistentes a la ceftriaxona, 79,3% a la ceftazidima y 85,7% a la combinación piperacilina-tazobactam. De las IAA causadas por Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 71,3% resultaron resistentes a la ciprofloxacina, 75,5% a la ceftazidima y 27,7% al imipenem. Los pacientes con IAA en las UCI estudiadas presentaron tasas de mortalidad adicional de 15,3% (riesgo relativo [RR] = 1,79; P = 0,0149 por NAR, 27,8% (RR = 2,44; P = 0,0004 por IC-CVC y 10,7% (RR = 1,56; P = 0,2875 por IUAC. CONCLUSIONES: Las tasas de IAA en las UCI de los hospitales brasile

  6. A New Apparatus for Inelastic, Quasi-Elastic and Elastic Cold Neutron Measurements; Un nouveau appareil pour les mesures de diffusion inelastique , quasi-elastique et elastique des neutrons lents; Novyj pribor dlya izmereniya neuprugogo, kvaziuprugogo i uprugogo rasseyaniya kholodnykh nejtrohov; Nuevo aparato para mediciones inelastic as, cuasi elasticas y elasticas de neutrones frios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Otnes, K; Palevsky, H [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

    1963-01-15

    despersion de la longueur d'onde (largeur totale a mi-hauteur) seront respectivement de 16 {mu}s et 0,16 A pour des neutrons incidents ayant une longueur d'onde de 4 A; l'intensite de la bouffee sur l'echantillon (4 x 1,6 cm) sera de 2 x 10{sup 6} n/s pouf mesures de diffusion quasi-elastique et elastique, la configuration a trois rotors conviendra parfaitement. La duree de la bouffee et la dispersion de longueur d'onde correspondante peuvent atteindre des valeurs aussi faibles que 8 {mu}s et 0, 04 A, ce qui donne une intensite de 10{sup 4} n/s sur un echantillon de 4 x 0, 8 cm. La longueur d'onde et la resolution en temps peuvent etre ajustees entre les; deux limites susmentionnees, de maniere a obtenir l'intensite de flux maximum pour une experience determinee. (author) [Spanish] Se esta construyendo un nuevo selector mecanico destinado al reactor de flujo intenso de Brookhaven. El aparato es del tipo de tres elementos rotores en fase. Los rotores, de 80 cm de diametro, giran a una velo- cidad maxima de 15000 rev/min y se han disenado de modo que emitan tres rafagas de neutrones monocromaticos por revolucion. Dos de los rotores giran alrededor de un eje horizontal, mientras que el tercero lo hace verticalmente. El sistma puede funcionar con uno, dos or tres elementos selectores, segun el tipo de medicion que se quiera efectuar. Para las mediciones inelasticas en que los neutrones ganan energia, lo mas indicado es utilizar un sistema de dos rotores. En este sistema, la duracion de las rafagas sera de 16 {mu}s y el ensanchamiento de longitudes de onda (amplitud plena a la mitad del valor maximo) de 0,16 A para neutrones incidentes de 4 A; la intensidd en la muestra (4 x 1,6 cm) sera de 2 x 10{sup 6} n/s. para las mediciones cuasi elasticas y elasticas resultara mas apropiado el sistema de tres rotores. La duracion de las rafagas y el ensanchamiento de longitudes de onda pueden llegar a un minimo de 8 {mu}s y 0,04 A, respectivamente, lo que representa una intensidad de 10{sup

  7. Asset Allocation and Diversification by Real Estate Sector Within a Portfolio: Two Australian Case Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Mike Wallace

    1992-01-01

    The research results presented in this paper are a subset of a more extensive investigation of asset allocation and investment diversification in a pooled or mixed asset portfolio including bonds, equities and real estate in real property form, and listed and unlisted property trusts as they are termed in Australia. Australian property trusts are analogous to Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) in the United States. This empirical research study is exploratory in nature, and concentrates sp...

  8. Estates, bequests, and inheritances in Sweden - A look into the Belinda databases

    OpenAIRE

    Elinder, Mikael; Erixson, Oscar; Escobar, Sebastian; Ohlsson, Henry

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to describe two new administrative Swedish databases, referred to as the Belinda databases. Together, these databases contain the most detailed individual-level data on estates, bequests, and inheritances currently available. We present descriptive statistics for the key variables in the databases to give a picture of the size of estates, the content of the bequests, and who the recipients of the inheritances are. The statistics may serve as a point of reference...

  9. Methods of selecting factors in the analysis of the real estates market

    OpenAIRE

    Jasińska, Elżbieta; Preweda, Edward

    2006-01-01

    In the paper the problem of selecting the method of choosing factors in factorial analysis is presented. For the database of 61 real estates the process of singling out the factors was carried out with the use of all the methods proposed in the STATISTICA 6.0 pack. A particular attention was paid on the number of differentiated factors and the efficiency of subsequent methods for the analysis of the real estates market. Edward Preweda

  10. Overview of reaction to the economic crisis in construction and real estate modelling

    OpenAIRE

    Petrošius, Jonas; Kelpšienė, Loreta

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes general economic crisis and its effect on industry. Construction sector while being a mediator between production and service sectors makes impact on both of them; one new immediate workplace on a construction site incites the establishing of two or more workplaces in other industry branches. After the bursting of the real estate bubble the effects of crisis on construction and real estate sectors are very tangible both in the world and in Lithuania. Companies whose work i...

  11. Morphological Characteristics and Somatic Incompatibility of Ganoderma from Infected Oil Palm from Three Inland Estates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latiffah, Z.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The morphological characteristics of Ganoderma basidiomata from infected oil palms from three inland estates showed some variations, but all fall within the description of G. boninense, based on Steyaert s classification system (1967, 1975. Pairings of G. boninense isolates from the same estate showed that there was somatic incompatibility among the isolates which indicated that the isolates were distinct individuals and not clones of single genotypes.

  12. Students’ Preferences On The Residential Real Estate Market In Polish Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kempa Olgierd

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The understanding of price-setting attributes operating on local real estate market is not only an essential element of property appraisers’ work, it can also greatly assist the professional activities of real estate agents. However, its primary importance is for the market – facilitating the decision-making processes of developers (developers become aware of the buyers’ expectations and preferences, making it possible to more accurately form market offers and pricing strategy.

  13. A method for strategic technical life cycle management of real estates

    OpenAIRE

    Koskelo, Taina

    2005-01-01

    This research study focuses on the strategic technical life cycle management (TLCM) of real estate. In the early phases of the study it became clear that very often the performance of TLCM was not perceived as satisfactory: there were problems in the purchasing and provision of technical services, TLCM was not performed according to real estate specific needs and objective-setting for building characteristics did not serve cost-effective ownership. The study focuses on four research quest...

  14. Recognising Revenue from the Construction of Real Estate in Financial Statements of Developers in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Renata DYLAG; Malgorzata KUCHARCZYK

    2011-01-01

    The core business of real estate developers is performance long term developer contracts (directly or by subcontractors), that include constructing and selling residential and non-residential real estates. The characteristic feature of such contracts is the construction of properties that are generally financed by the principal over the whole project, by way of contractually agreed advances, and then – after the investment process has been completed – the ownership right is transferred to the...

  15. Urban Tech on the Rise: Machine Learning Disrupts the Real Estate Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Chaillou, Stanislas; Fink, Daniel; Gonçalves, Pamella

    2018-01-01

    The practice of AI-powered Urban Analytics is taking off within the real estate industry. Data science and algorithmic logic are close to the forefront of new urban development practices. How close? is the question — experts predict that digitization will go far beyond intelligent building management systems. New analytical tools with predictive capabilities will dramatically affect the future of urban development, reshaping the real estate industry in the process.

  16. The Challenges for Real Estate Mass Valuation and Taxation System for the Economic Stabilization of Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Barvika, S; Rausis, A; Geipele, I

    2012-01-01

    The real estate tax policy, as well as a massive reform in the real estate mass valuation was among major reforms of the Latvian government in the financial crisis management plan. These reforms were supported by the International Monetary Fund and European Commission. One of the directions for economic recovery suggested by the lenders to Latvia was a reform of taxation system including reviewing of stagnated real property tax principles. This reform met total critici...

  17. Pricing and simulation for real estate index options: Radial basis point interpolation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Pu; Zou, Dong; Wang, Jiayue

    2018-06-01

    This study employs the meshfree radial basis point interpolation (RBPI) for pricing real estate derivatives contingent on real estate index. This method combines radial and polynomial basis functions, which can guarantee the interpolation scheme with Kronecker property and effectively improve accuracy. An exponential change of variables, a mesh refinement algorithm and the Richardson extrapolation are employed in this study to implement the RBPI. Numerical results are presented to examine the computational efficiency and accuracy of our method.

  18. Distribution of Multipple Herbicide Resistant Eleusine Indica L. Gaertn. an Oil Palm Estate in North Sumatera

    OpenAIRE

    syahputra, ahmad bayu; Purba, Edison Purba; Hasanah, Yaya Hasanah

    2016-01-01

    Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) in a block of oil palm Estate at Serdang Bedagai, North Sumatera had been controlled using glyphosate and paraquat for more than 26 years continuously. Recently, it had been reported that the two herbicides failed to control the population. The estate consists of 4000 Ha or 437 blocks which had slightly different history in weed management. The objective of this study was to determine the distribution Eleusine indica Resistant to glyphosate and paraquat in the oil...

  19. The study of height variation on outdoor ventilation for Singapore's high-rise residential housing estates

    OpenAIRE

    Rou Xuan Lee; Steve Kardinal Jusuf; Nyuk Hien Wong

    2015-01-01

    This article is concerned with external ventilation levels within a multi-story Housing and Development Board (HDB) residential estate, focusing toward a deeper understanding of wind flow with respect to different levels of height variation (HV). This study analyzed through parametric study, using numerical simulations with the realizable k – ε turbulence model, the various scenarios of HV within a typical residential HDB estate or precinct. It is found that external wind flow within the prec...

  20. Positive Solutions for Fractional Differential Equations from Real Estate Asset Securitization via New Fixed Point Theorem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Tao

    2012-01-01

    analysis of real estate asset securitization by using the generalized fixed point theorem for weakly contractive mappings in partially ordered sets. Based on the analysis for the existence and uniqueness of the solution and scientific numerical calculation of the solution, in further study, some optimization schemes for traditional risk control process will be obtained, and then the main results of this paper can be applied to the forefront of research of real estate asset securitization.

  1. The Effects of the Federal Estate Tax on Nonindustrial Private Landowners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamara Cushing; Steve Bullard; John Greene; Ted Beauvias

    1998-01-01

    The federal estate tax is designed to tax the accumulation and transfer of wealth. Between 1987 and 1997, the estate tax was as high as 55% of assets above $600,000. Timber and land values have increased significantly in many areas of the U.S. in recent years, and in some circumstances heirs liquidate timber, or sell or develop portions of inherited timber and...

  2. Impact of systemic risk in the real estate sector on banking return.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shouwei; Pan, Qing; He, Jianmin

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we measure systemic risk in the real estate sector based on contingent claims analysis, and then investigate its impact on banking return. Based on the data in China, we find that systemic risk in the real estate sector has a negative effect on banking return, but this effect is temporary; banking risk aversion and implicit interest expense have considerable impact on banking return.

  3. Categorical data processing for real estate objects valuation using statistical analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parygin, D. S.; Malikov, V. P.; Golubev, A. V.; Sadovnikova, N. P.; Petrova, T. M.; Finogeev, A. G.

    2018-05-01

    Theoretical and practical approaches to the use of statistical methods for studying various properties of infrastructure objects are analyzed in the paper. Methods of forecasting the value of objects are considered. A method for coding categorical variables describing properties of real estate objects is proposed. The analysis of the results of modeling the price of real estate objects using regression analysis and an algorithm based on a comparative approach is carried out.

  4. The Application of Japanese Candlestick Charting on the Residential Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gdakowicz Anna

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The real estate market is regarded as a part of the capital market. Just as they invest in securities, investors allocate their funds in real estate, hoping to make a sound profit. There are many tools that support the process of investing on the stock exchange, such as a technical analysis. There are also proven methods that help predict future prices of assets on the basis of their historic quotations.

  5. Determinants of Funds Demand and Supply; Deepening Finance Access of Real Estate Investment in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lkhagvasuren Togtokhbuyan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This huge gap between financing needs and the available financing capacity represents major constraints to growth opportunities in business financing, and accords with one of requirements strategy of stimulating real sector financing by mobilizing cheap long term saving. Real estate investment is a capital intensive venture and this implies that firms venturing into this sector need to have a strong capital structure to sustain development. There is high competition amongst the real developers in quest for funds from formal and informal sources to meet their financial needs. Many real Estate firms are experiencing a credit fix. In the recent move by the Peoples Bank of China to clamp down lending in the real estate sector; the People’s bank of China tightened monetary policy by raising interest rates which in effect lead to increased cost of capital. The central government has also encouraged banks to adopt slow lending to real estate projects. According to the People's Bank of China (PBOC, the increase in cumulative loans related to housing projects totaled ¥1.3 trillion ($198 billion in 2011, down 38 percent from 2010, and new loans to the property sector comprised 17.5 percent of total loans in 2011, down from 27 percent in 2010.The remaining prudent alternative is innovation for exploitation of other means of acquiring funds for real estate venture. Real estate investors need to deepen and broaden their options of financing their activities to avoid credit squeeze.

  6. Cellar-Associated Saccharomyces cerevisiae Population Structure Revealed High-Level Diversity and Perennial Persistence at Sauternes Wine Estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Börlin, Marine; Venet, Pauline; Claisse, Olivier; Salin, Franck

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Three wine estates (designated A, B, and C) were sampled in Sauternes, a typical appellation of the Bordeaux wine area producing sweet white wine. From those wine estates, 551 yeast strains were collected between 2012 and 2014, added to 102 older strains from 1992 to 2011 from wine estate C. All the strains were analyzed through 15 microsatellite markers, resulting in 503 unique Saccharomyces cerevisiae genotypes, revealing high genetic diversity and a low presence of commercial yeast starters. Population analysis performed using Fst genetic distance or ancestry profiles revealed that the two closest wine estates, B and C, which have juxtaposed vineyard plots and common seasonal staff, share more related isolates with each other than with wine estate A, indicating exchange between estates. The characterization of isolates collected 23 years ago at wine estate C in relation to recent isolates obtained at wine estate B revealed the long-term persistence of isolates. Last, during the 2014 harvest period, a temporal succession of ancestral subpopulations related to the different batches associated with the selective picking of noble rotted grapes was highlighted. IMPORTANCE High genetic diversity of S. cerevisiae isolates from spontaneous fermentation on wine estates in the Sauternes appellation of Bordeaux was revealed. Only 7% of all Sauternes strains were considered genetically related to specific commercial strains. The long-term persistence (over 20 years) of S. cerevisiae profiles on a given wine estate is highlighted. PMID:26969698

  7. Prefabricated house in real estate business development in Jabodetabek

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumilang Raksamala Basmara Putra, Raka; Susanto, Dalhar

    2017-12-01

    could have a chance to be accepted in real estate commercial market in Indonesia especially in Jabodetabek.

  8. Dynamics in the global protected-area estate since 2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Edward; MacSharry, Brian; Juffe-Bignoli, Diego; Harris, Nyeema; Burrows, Georgina; Kingston, Naomi; Burgess, Neil D

    2017-11-23

    Nations of the world have committed to a number of goals and targets to address the global environmental challenges humanity faces. Protected areas have for centuries been a key strategy in conservation and play a major role in addressing current challenges. The most important tool used to track progress on protected area commitments is the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). Periodic assessments of the world's protected area estate show steady growth over the last two decades. However, the current method, which uses the latest version of the WDPA, does not show the true dynamic nature of protected areas over time, nor does it provide information on sites removed from the WDPA. In reality, this methodology can only show growth or remain stable. This paper presents a novel approach to assess protected area change over time using twelve temporally distinct versions of the WDPA that quantify area added, and removed, from the WDPA annually from 2004 to 2016. Results show that both the narrative of continual protected area growth and the counter-narrative of protected area removal are overly simplistic. The former because growth has been almost entirely marine and the latter because we demonstrate that some areas removed are re-protected in later years. Analysis indicates that, on average, 2.5 million km 2 is added to the WDPA annually and 1.1 million km 2 is removed. Reasons for the inclusion and removal of protected areas in the WDPA database are explored and discussed. To meet the 17% land coverage component of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 by 2020, which stands at 14.7% in 2016, the world will either need to reduce the rate of protected area removal or increase the rate of protected area designation and addition to the WDPA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  9. Diálogo académico e investigación alternativa en la Universidad Estatal a Distancia de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana María Morales-Bonilla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Recibido 3 de noviembre de 2013 • Corregido 15 de octubre de 2014 • Aceptado 22 de noviembre de 2014Este artículo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre el quehacer de la investigación alternativa, con el propósito de que la población académica que realiza investigación se interese en comprender los diversos significados y perspectivas de la educación superior; promueva la necesidad de vincular el mundo académico con la realidad concreta en permanente diálogo entre visiones y posturas epistemológicas complejas y se apoye en la cooperación y la reflexión, vislumbrando un mundo diverso en el que todos y todas participemos y actuemos en forjar cambios y transformaciones en la realidad. Al mismo tiempo, incorporar la experiencia y práctica investigativa en construcción por el Centro de Investigación en Cultura y Desarrollo (CICDE de la Vicerrectoría de Investigación de la Universidad Estatal a Distancia de Costa Rica (UNED. En conclusión, la investigación en la Universidad Estatal a Distancia de Costa Rica está en el reto de desarrollar capacidades investigativas alternativas en pro de una academia humanista, crítica, solidaria y hacia la equidad.

  10. una propuesta de indicadores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noemí Luján Ponce

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La tecnología reviste características de neutralidad, eficiencia, transparencia y regularidad. Factores que hoy día resultan relevantes para realizar procesos electorales confiables. Las redistritaciones electorales en México 1996 y 2005 resultan casos paradigmáticos en relación a la cristalización de la tecnología como una mediación para la construcción de acuerdos entre los partidos y las autoridades electorales. Se ofrecen cinco indicadores para comparar ambos procesos de distritación.

  11. Construir una literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Wilde, Ariel Oscar

    1998-01-01

    La consideración de las relaciones entre los textos producidos en el centro yen la periferia del sistema es insoslayable a la hora de abordar la lectura crítica de una literatura, analizándola tanto en su proceso histórico (diacronía), como en un estado determinado de dicho proceso (sincronía). El presente trabajo, a partir de un corpus de diez textos publicados entre 1921 y 1931 en distintos lugares de Latinoamérica (Argentina, Brasil, Cuba, México, Nicaragua, Perú, Puerto Rico y República D...

  12. Los derechos humanos y su análisis desde una perspectiva crítica

    OpenAIRE

    Mora Calvo, María Fernanda

    2014-01-01

    El presente documento constituye el trabajo final de investigación de la Maestría en Derechos Humanos de la Universidad Estatal a Distancia, referido a la temática de los Derechos Humanos y su análisis desde una perspectiva crítica. El mismo contiene el planteamiento del tema, problema a investigar, objeto y objetivos. Además de un breve acercamiento a los antecedentes, en forma de estado de la cuestión, recuperando los aportes de investigaciones y trabajos finales de graduación en relació...

  13. A transistorized 1024-channel neutron time-of-flight analyser; Selecteur transistorise de temps de vol pour neutrons, a 1024 canaux; Nejtronnyj analizator vremeni proleta s 1024 kanalami i s perevodom skhemy na tranzistory; Aparato transistorizado de 1024 canales para analizar tiempos de vuelo de neutrones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giannelli, G [European Atomic Energy Community, CCR, Ispra (Italy)

    1962-04-15

    extremement souple qui puisse se preter aux modifications ou extensions que les recherches pourraient souhaiter introduire. (author) [Spanish] Se describe un aparato transistorizado de 1024 canales para analizar tiempos de vuelo de neutrones. El aparato se divide en dos partes completamente independientes: el convertidor analogicodigital (CAD), que mide el tiempo de vuelo, y la memoria de nucleos de ferrita de 1024 canales. De este modo, las senales que salen del CAD pueden ser registradas en cinta magnetica junto con las senales de otros CAD que miden otras magnitudes fisicas relacionadas con el mismo suceso nuclear, con un numero total de canales superior a la capacidad de la memoria. El CAD tiene una memoria temporal que por su accion reguladora del ritmo de los impulsos permite: 1) obtener un tiempo muerto de solo 0,5 microsegundos cuando el CAD esta conectado directamente a la memoria de 1024 canales, y 2) aprovechar mejor la cinta magnetica cuando es el propio CAD quien acciona el registrador magnetico. La memoria temporal tiene una capacidad de cuatro numeros de hasta 16 digitos. La amplitud de los canales del analizador se puede variar desde 0,5 hasta 48 microsegundos. Los 1024 canales se pueden dividir en dos grupos simultaneos de 512 canales, conectado cada uno a dos detectores. La memoria temporal permite registrar senales simultaneamente en ambos grupos. Tambien se pueden subdividir los canales en dos grupos segun el tiempo de vuelo; el primero (de 16 canales) se emplea para registrar el origen de tiempos de vuelo, y el segundo se puede colocar en cualquier posicion a todo lo largo del intervalo de tiempos de vuelo. El numero de canales empleados para registrar tiempos de vuelo se puede reducir para poder registrar simultaneamente otra magnitud en el total de 1024 canales. El autor describe el diseno logico del instrumento, que aprovecha las posibilidades que ofrecen los transistores con una oportuna disposicion mecanica, para lograr un instrumento de gran

  14. Reflexiones sobre el rol de la escuela en las relaciones interétnicas, desde la etnopolítica-estatal chilena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Verónica Leiva Guerrero

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Desde antes de la construcción del Estado Chileno, las élites han optado por distintas estrategias de interpelar a los pueblos indígenas, una de ellas es centrar la atención en la educación. A partir del Programa de Educación Intercultural Bilingüe (PEIB, implementado como una nueva estrategia de interpelación desde el Estado hacia los pueblos originarios, se indaga en los objetivos que históricamente se han planteado a la escuela, en particular frente al pueblo Mapuche. Este artículo aporta con una reflexión que, con la construcción de la categoría de etnopolítica estatal de la escuela, contribuye a complejizar la discusión actual sobre la educación intercultural. Even before the construction of the Chilean State, elites have chosen different strategies for interpellate to indigenous peoples, one of which is to focus on education. Based on Intercultural Bilingual Education Program (IBEP implemented as a new strategy of interpellation, from the state to the indigenous people, this research focuses on the historic objectives that have been posed to school, specifically concerned with the Mapuche people. This paper provides a reflection, along with the construction of the category of state school Ethnopolitics, which contributes to enhance the complexity of the current discussion on intercultural education.

  15. Una finestra sul polo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziella Busso

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Rabbia, dolore, incredulità si mescolano in un turbinio di emozioni quando, dalle affissioni che quasi quotidianamente si danno il cambio, si legge il necrologio di un “qualcuno” che sappiamo ucciso dal cancro. E pensiamo che, ancora e forse per tanto tempo, potremmo essere più fortunati. E non c’è pace, non c’è consolazione per quei giorni di vita vissuta, strappata, stropicciata, rubata da un mostro che non sempre è possibile sconfiggere finché non subentra la stanchezza, la rassegnazione, la secchezza delle ghiandole lacrimali. Unico strumento per cercare di “cambiare le cose”, per quanto difficile possa sembrare farlo, è combattere, perché la lotta per un ambiente più vivibile sarà una conquista per noi e per i nostri figli, un’eredità che non ha prezzo. La voglia di “gridare” la sofferenza di chi vive la realtà di uno sviluppo insostenibile si è da tempo trasformata ad Augusta in una battaglia di sensibilizzazione alla ormai annosa problematica e nel profondo desiderio di raccontare, far conoscere, testimoniare emozioni, desideri, sogni di chi vive in prima persona o ha vissuto la malattia di un proprio caro perché tutto questo possa servire a spingere verso quel mutamento culturale, storico, ambientale a cui tutti noi agogniamo.

  16. Efectos del acortamiento de paso en un motor trifásico de inducción con estator plástico

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Yépez, John Paúl

    2014-01-01

    El documento consiste en el diseño, cálculo y construcción de la reducción de paso en el bobinado de un motor trifásico de inducción con estator plástico y una sola espira que sirve como filtro pasivo para la reducción de armónicos, se realizan mediciones de la corriente y la tensión aguas arriba y aguas abajo para mediante programación en el Matlab calcular la distorsión armónica total (THD). The document consists of the design, construction of the calculation and reduction in the winding...

  17. Asociales: raza, exclusión y anormalidad en la construcción estatal chilena, 1920-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Fernández Labbé

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se plantea la reconstrucción histórica de los procesos discursivos e institucionales a partir de los cuales se articuló la noción de asocialidad en el campo de la administración estatal de Chile a lo largo de las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Con el auxilio de fuentes provenientesde la policía, el Derecho y las ciencias penales,se relatan los avatares de propuestas que buscabanfamiliarizar en su peligrosidad a un conjunto de sujetos sociales considerados indeseables: prostitutas, delincuentes reincidentes, inmigrantes, vagabundos, alcohólicos y toxicómanos. Tras ello lo que se busca interpretar es la construcción de una noción de lo social en la primera parte del siglo XX chileno que descansaba en la definición binómica de comportamientos “sociales” y “antisociales”, a partir de los cuales se definían las posibilidades de inclusión y marginalización de segmentos específicos de la población.

  18. La cara y la cruz de los 40 años de existencia de la Universidad Estatal Distancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alonso Rodriguez Chaves

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo académico de carácter argumentativo invita a dilucidar el proceso de evolución y el trabajo realizado por la Universidad Estatal a Distancia de Costa Rica (UNED a lo largo de sus cuarenta años de existencia; en particular, el impacto que esta ha tenido en la educación costarricense y la efectividad de la modalidad a distancia en el contexto nacional; principalmente como universidad inclusiva y favorecedora de la expansión de la educación y la movilidad social. En el texto, el lector ahonda en procesos de revisión y mejora continua de la gestión, con la cual la Universidad procura validar su quehacer y vigencia. En el último nivel se deja al descubierto una serie de elementos que obliga y compromete a mejorar y modificar de cara a los nuevos tiempos; de igual modo, se invita a las entidades correspondientes a revisar los recursos económicos que se asignan a esta universidad.

  19. La dependencia estatal en programas para jóvenes: ¿estigma o factor de protección?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Medan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo sostengo que ciertos programas sociales destinados a jóvenes de sectores populares consideran que la asistencia estatal produce una forma de dependencia que protege a sus beneficiarios y beneficiarias de riesgos circundantes. Así, aunque las condicionalidades para acceder a la asistencia sean incumplidas, los sujetos beneficiarios no son excluidos de los programas. Enfocarse en la dimensión etaria de los jóvenes y las jóvenes y en el posicionamiento crítico de los agentes hacia el Estado, permite discutir la tradicional afirmación de que la dependencia solo se despliega peyorativamente. El debate pretende contribuir a comprender las recientes transformaciones de políticas sociales en Latinoamérica. Analizo datos surgidos de observaciones participantes y entrevistas a agentes y sujetos beneficiarios de programas de prevención del delito juvenil y de inclusión social implementados en el Gran Buenos Aires, entre 2008 y 2012.

  20. La dependencia estatal en programas para jóvenes: ¿estigma o factor de protección?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Medan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo sostengo que ciertos programas sociales destinados a jóvenes de sectores populares consideran que la asistencia estatal produce una forma de dependencia que protege a sus beneficiarios y beneficiarias de riesgos circundantes. Así, aunque las condicionalidades para acceder a la asistencia sean incumplidas, los sujetos beneficiarios no son excluidos de los programas. Enfocarse en la dimensión etaria de los jóvenes y las jóvenes y en el posicionamiento crítico de los agentes hacia el Estado, permite discutir la tradicional afirmación de que la dependencia solo se despliega peyorativamente. El debate pretende contribuir a comprender las recientes transformaciones de políticas sociales en Latinoamérica. Analizo datos surgidos de observaciones participantes y entrevistas a agentes y sujetos beneficiarios de programas de prevención del delito juvenil y de inclusión social implementados en el Gran Buenos Aires, entre 2008 y 2012.