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Sample records for aortoureteric fistula case

  1. Tracheoesophageal Fistula; A Case Report

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    ÖZDEN, Okan; Gün, İsmet

    2012-01-01

    A tracheoesophageal fistula is an abnormal con- nection between the esophagus and the trachea and is a rarely seen pathology. The absence of the fetal stomach or visualization of the fetal stom- ach smaller than normal by ultrasound in early gestation, and detection of polyhydramnios in third trimester are the most valuable signs in ul- trasonographic examination. In addition to this, depending on the type of the anomaly, blind pouch sign of the esophagus can be detected at the medi- astinum ...

  2. Benign Duodenocolic Fistula: a Case Report

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    Marzieh Soheili

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Benign duodenocolic fistula (DCF, known as a fistula between the duodenum and colon with orwithout cecum of nonmalignant origin, is an unusual complication of different gastrointestinal diseases. Thepresent paper records a case in which the patient presented with chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight lossas well as having a history of gastric ulcer. Most frequently the condition presents with signs ofmalabsorption such as weight loss and diarrhea, but other symptoms include nausea, vomiting (sometimeswith fecal, and abdominal pain. Gastrointestinal inflammatory conditions are the usual causes. The mostcommon ones are perforated duodenal ulcer and Crohn’s disease. Barium enemas are usually diagnostic.Treatment consists of excising the fistula and repairing the duodenal and colonic defects. Closure of thefistula provides quick relief.

  3. An unusual case of pancreatic fistula

    OpenAIRE

    Johnston, M. J.; Prew, C.L.; Fraser, I

    2013-01-01

    We report an unusual case of a pancreatic fistula communicating with an appendicectomy wound. This occurred following an episode of acute haemorrhagic pancreatitis. The patient was initially admitted with signs and symptoms indicating appendicitis and went to theatre for an open appendicectomy. However, this did not resolve his symptoms and a laparotomy was performed the next day revealing haemorrhagic pancreatitis. He endured a stormy post-operative course, the cause of which was found to be...

  4. An unusual case of pancreatic fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, M J; Prew, C L; Fraser, I

    2013-03-21

    We report an unusual case of a pancreatic fistula communicating with an appendicectomy wound. This occurred following an episode of acute haemorrhagic pancreatitis. The patient was initially admitted with signs and symptoms indicating appendicitis and went to theatre for an open appendicectomy. However, this did not resolve his symptoms and a laparotomy was performed the next day revealing haemorrhagic pancreatitis. He endured a stormy post-operative course, the cause of which was found to be an external pancreatic fistula with discharge of amylase-rich fluid from the Lanz incision. A trial of conservative management failed despite multiple percutaneous drainage procedures and treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics. After a second opinion was sought, it was decided to fit a roux loop anastomosis between the head of the pancreas and the duodenum to divert the fistulous fluid. This procedure was a success and the patient remains well 2 years later.

  5. An unusual case of pancreatic fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, M J; Prew, C L; Fraser, I

    2013-01-01

    We report an unusual case of a pancreatic fistula communicating with an appendicectomy wound. This occurred following an episode of acute haemorrhagic pancreatitis. The patient was initially admitted with signs and symptoms indicating appendicitis and went to theatre for an open appendicectomy. However, this did not resolve his symptoms and a laparotomy was performed the next day revealing haemorrhagic pancreatitis. He endured a stormy post-operative course, the cause of which was found to be an external pancreatic fistula with discharge of amylase-rich fluid from the Lanz incision. A trial of conservative management failed despite multiple percutaneous drainage procedures and treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics. After a second opinion was sought, it was decided to fit a roux loop anastomosis between the head of the pancreas and the duodenum to divert the fistulous fluid. This procedure was a success and the patient remains well 2 years later. PMID:24964425

  6. Fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... oxygen in the lungs) The navel and gut Inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn disease, can lead to fistulas between one loop of intestine and another. Injury can cause fistulas to form ...

  7. Tracheoesophageal fistula in utero: 22 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A retrospective review of 22 infants born with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) detected on in utero US was performed. In addition, ten cases reported in the literature were reviewed. TEF or esophageal atresia should be considered when there is polydramnios and the stomach is not fluid filled; these findings were seen in 32% of the cases. Amniotic fluid flows freely through some TEFs, resulting in a normal amount of amniotic fluid and a fluid-filled stomach (6 of 22 cases), while in other cases the fluid does not traverse the fistula easily and polyhydramnios results. Polyhdramnios was present in 62% of the cases we reviewed and was the most common sonographic finding. The earliest age at which polyhdramnios was diagnosed was 24 weeks. Associated abnormalities are seen in 50%-70% of cases of TEF and are a major contributing factor to morbidity and mortality. Sonography will continue to miss many cases of TEF; however, when TEF is suspected from fetal US (i.e., polyhdramnios and no fluid-filled stomach, or polyhdramnios with no etiology identified), an improved outcome is expected

  8. A Case of Pyriform Sinus Fistula Infection with Double Tracts

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    Masato Shino

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pyriform sinus fistula is a rare clinical entity and the precise origin remains controversial. The fistula is discovered among patients with acute suppurative thyroiditis or deep neck infection of the left side of the neck and is usually located in the left pyriform sinus. To the best of our knowledge, only a single tract has been reported to be responsible for pyriform sinus fistula infection. We present a case of a 13-year-old female patient with a pyriform sinus fistula that caused a deep infection of the left side of the neck and showed double-tract involvement discovered during surgical resection of the entire fistula. Both tracts arose around the pyriform sinus and terminated at the upper portion of the left lobe of the thyroid.

  9. Carotid Cavernous Fistula Subsequent to Nasal Septoplasty; A Case Report

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    H Moin

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF is a rare and lethal condition; it can be spontaneous, traumatic or iatrogenic. This report Presents a case of CCF subsequent to nasal septoplasty who was a 24 years old lady with proptosis and severe decreased visual acuity. After cerebral angiography, trapping and embolization of fistula was performed with good recovery. Like our case, review of articles shows that the patients are signs and symptoms free after embolization.

  10. CAROTID CAVERNOUS FISTULA: A RARE CASE REPORT

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    Satish Prasad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Carotico - cavernous fistula represent abnormal communication between the carotid circulation and the cavernous sinus. They can be classified as direct or indirect which are separate conditions with different aetiologies. Direct Carotico - cavernous fistulas ( CCFs are often secondary to trauma, and as such the demographics reflect the distribution of head trauma, most commonly seen in the young male patients. Presentation is acute and symptoms develop rapidly. In contrast, indirect CCFs have a predilection for the postmenopausal female patient a nd the onset of symptoms is often insiduous. Other conditions that predispose to increased risk include . Ehlers - Danlos syndrome . Fibromuscular dysplasia .

  11. Condylomata acuminata within perianal fistulae tracts: report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panidis, Stavros; Paramythiotis, Daniel; Papadopoulos, Vasileios N; Michalopoulos, Antonios

    2015-04-01

    The commonest sights of appearance of condylomata acuminata are in the genital and anal regions. Herein we present two cases of condylomata within perianal fistulae tracts, resulting in recurrence in one case and a malignant-like tumour in the second. To our knowledge, these are the first cases reported in the literature. PMID:24872374

  12. Traumatic fistula:the case for reparations

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    Arletty Pinel

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available As a conflict strategy, women are often sexually assaulted using sticks, guns, branches of trees and bottles. Women’s genitals are deliberately destroyed, some permanently. Traumatic fistula often results. As with victims of torture and other grave human rights abuses, there exists an obligation to restore the women to health as far as possible and to provide reparation for their violations.

  13. Retained drains causing a bronchoperitoneal fistula: a case report

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    Kieninger Alicia A

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Bronchoperitoneal fistulas are extremely rare. We present a case where retained surgical drains from a previous surgery resulted in erosion and fistula formation. This condition required an extensive surgical procedure and advanced ventilator techniques. Case presentation A 24-year-old African-American man presented to our Emergency Department with a one-week history of fever, dyspnea, cough, and abdominal pain. A computed tomography scan of his chest and abdomen revealed bilateral lower lobe pneumonia and two retained Jackson-Pratt drains in the right upper quadrant. He was taken to the operating room for drain removal, a right hemicolectomy, debridement of a duodenal injury, a Roux-en-y duodenojejunostomy, and an end ileostomy. He subsequently became increasing hypoxemic in the intensive care unit and a bronchoperitoneal fistula was diagnosed. He required high-frequency oscillatory ventilation followed by lung isolation, and was successfully resuscitated using these techniques. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first known case report of a bronchoperitoneal fistula caused by retained surgical drains. This is also the first known report that details successful management of this condition with advanced ventilatory techniques. This case highlights the importance of follow-up for trauma patients since retained surgical drains have the potential to cause life-threatening complications. When faced with this condition, clinicians should be aware of advanced ventilatory methods that can be employed in the intensive care unit. In this case, these techniques proved to be life-saving.

  14. Congenital tracheoesophagel fistula with no esophageal atresia (H-type) in adult (a case report)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byun, W. M.; Jung, K. H.; Cho, K. H.; Kim, S. Y.; Hwang, M. S.; Chang, J. C.; Chung, M. K.; Lee, C. J. [Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Gyengsan (Korea, Republic of)

    1986-08-15

    Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula with no esophageal atresia is considered a rate type anomaly, especially in adult age. We report a case of isolated tracheoesophageal fistula with no esophageal atresia with review of literature.

  15. Dural arteriovenous fistula associated with neoplastic dural sinus thrombosis: two cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vilela, P. [Neuroradiology Department, Garcia de Orta Hospital (Portugal); Willinsky, R.; TerBrugge, K. [Toronto Western Hospital, ON (Canada). Div. of Neuroradiology

    2001-10-01

    Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae are direct arteriovenous shunts within the dura matter. We report two cases of arteriovenous fistulae upstream to a neoplastic dural sinus thrombosis. These cases add further support to the acquired etiology of dural arteriovenous fistulae and to the fact that venous hypertension is one of the most important precipitating factors. (orig.)

  16. Carotid cavernous fistula after elective carotid endarterectomy: Case report

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    Andres Asser

    2014-12-01

    This is a case to illustrate a rare complication of carotid artery surgery. The patient had atherosclerotic vessel damage of ICA visible on earlier CT scans. This combined with abrupt increase of transmural pressure due to the revascularization procedure could possibly lead to arterial wall rupture and fistula formation.

  17. Duodenocolic fistula: case report and review of the literature.

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    Xenos E

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Duodenocolic fistula is a rare complication of malignant and inflammatory bowel disease. It presents as diarrhoea and faeculent vomiting. The diagnosis is established with upper and lower gastrointestinal tract contrast studies. A case is reported and the optimal operative procedure is discussed.

  18. A penile torsion with a fistula due to previous hypospadias surgery: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa Rasid Toksoz; Ramazan Kocaaslan; Furkan Erol Karabekmez

    2014-01-01

    We presented a case of penile torsion due to previous hypospadias surgery. A patient applied to our clinic for treatment of hypospadias fistula and accompanying penile torsion. Patient’s urethral fistula was repaired first and penile torsion was corrected in the second stage due to multiple fistula tracts. Proximal based flip flap technique was used for closure of the fistula and simple degloving with release of fibrous tissue and pedicle of the previous preputial island flap was used for cor...

  19. 2 case of lymphatico-calyceal fistula causing chyluria

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    Yang, Seoung Oh; Hong, Seung Mo; Park, Jae Hyung; Han, Man Chung [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1983-03-15

    After advent of lymphangiographic technique, the causes of chyluria can be evaluated by lymphangiography. The most common etiology known until today is parasitic origin, especially filariasis. In Korea, established organism of filariasis is Brugia malayi. And other nonparasitic etiologies such as retroperitoneal malignancy, chronic inflammatory diseases, trauma, pregnancy, aneurysm are very rate. The authors experienced two cases of lymphatico-calyceal fistulas causing chyluria demonstrated by lymphangiography. The etiology of these two cases were unknown exactly, but the clinical diagnosis were filariasis. These cases are reported with emphasis on the lymphangiographic findings of chyluria.

  20. Pancreaticopericardial Fistula: A Case Report and Literature Review

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    Muhammad S. Khan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Pancreaticopericardial fistula (PPF is an extremely rare complication of acute or chronic pancreatitis. This paper presents a rare case of PPF and provides systematic review of existing cases from 1970 to 2014. Methods. A PubMed search using key words was performed for all the cases of PPF from January 1970 to December 2014. Fourteen cases were included in the study. The cases were reviewed for demographic characteristics, diagnostic modalities, and treatment. Descriptive analysis of these variables was performed. Results. Median age was 43 years. 78% were known alcoholics and 73.3% had chronic pancreatitis. Dyspnea was present in 78%. Cardiac tamponade was present in 53%; 75% of patients had known chronic pancreatitis (RR = 0.74. Surgery was associated with best treatment outcomes and 50% of patients who underwent endoscopic treatment survived. Conclusion. PPF is a rare disease. This paper indicates that acute cardiac tamponade in patients with history of alcoholism and chronic pancreatitis could be a sign of an existing pancreaticopericardial fistula and early surgical intervention could be life-saving.

  1. Fistula Formation between Right Upper Bronchus and Bronchus Intermedius Caused by Endobronchial Tuberculosis: A Case Report.

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    Kim, Mikyoung; Kang, Eun Seok; Park, Jin Yong; Kang, Hwa Rim; Kim, Jee Hyun; Chang, YouJin; Choi, Kang Hyeon; Lee, Ki Man; Kim, Yook; An, Jin Young

    2015-07-01

    Endobronchial tuberculosis is defined as a tuberculous infection of the tracheobronchial tree and has a prevalence of up to 50% in active pulmonary tuberculosis cases. The most common complication of endobronchial tuberculosis is bronchial stenosis; benign fistula formation by endobronchial tuberculosis is rare, especially inter-bronchial fistula formation. We reported a rare case of a 73-year-old woman with a fistula between the right upper bronchus and bronchus intermedius. A diagnosis of inter-bronchial fistula caused by endobronchial tuberculosis was based on the results of chest computed tomography scans, bronchoscopy, and microbiological and pathological tests. The patient was treated with anti-tuberculous medication, and her symptoms gradually improved.

  2. A penile torsion with a fistula due to previous hypospadias surgery: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Rasid Toksoz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We presented a case of penile torsion due to previous hypospadias surgery. A patient applied to our clinic for treatment of hypospadias fistula and accompanying penile torsion. Patient’s urethral fistula was repaired first and penile torsion was corrected in the second stage due to multiple fistula tracts. Proximal based flip flap technique was used for closure of the fistula and simple degloving with release of fibrous tissue and pedicle of the previous preputial island flap was used for correction of the penile torsion. Post hypospadias surgery torsion deformity as in our case may corrected with simple degloving and dissection at the level of the buck fascia.

  3. Intestinal prolapse through omphalomesenteric fistula, a rare cause of neonatal occlusion: A case report

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    Cheikh Diouf; Ndeye Aby Ndoye; Aimé Lakh Faye; Oumar Ndour; Gabriel Ngom

    2016-01-01

    Acute intestinal obstruction secondary to omphalomesenteric fistula is a very rare condition. Omphalomesenteric fistula is a consequence of a defect in involution of the vitelline duct between the fifth and ninth week of intrauterine development. We are reporting on a case of neonatal intestinal obstruction due to a prolapse of small bowel through an omphalomesenteric fistula. A newborn baby aged 15 days was admitted in emergency with acute intestinal obstruction lasting for two days. The phy...

  4. Temporary ileostomy for the preservation of colon fistula in patients with postoperative complications: case report

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    Solaine Chiminácio De Oliveira Patrício; Alcides José Branco Filho; Ana Carla Broetto Biazon

    2011-01-01

    Among the postoperative complications in the digestive system, the fistulae are the most common ones. The changes resulting from these fistulae are very important, once they can determine the patient's situation and the development of multiple organic failures. This paper reports the case of a patient who had relevant complications after having undergone temporary ileostomy to maintain the colon fistulized. About 90 to 95% of the digestive tract fistulae have spontaneous resolution. In so...

  5. Gastro-umbilical fistula as a rare complication of benign gastric ulcer perforation: a case report

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    Lee, Ju Young; Jang, Kyung Mi; Yoon, Hoi Soo; Kim, Min Jeong; Lee, Kwan Seop; Lee, Yul; Bae, Sang Hoon [College of Medicine, Hallym University, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-11-15

    As fistula occurring between the stomach and other abdominal internal organs or to the surface of the body is usually encountered as a complication of stomach cancer or colon cancer, peptic ulcer disease, or other variable causes. The most common type of gastric fistula is a gastro-colic fistula that is mainly found as a complication of a gastric carcinoma or of a carcinoma of the transverse colon invading each other. Sometimes, a benign gastric ulcer perforation also can cause a gastro-colic fistula. However, as far as we know, a fistula occurring between the stomach and the umbilicus has not been reported. Here we present a case report of a gastro-umbilical fistula in a young woman that manifested as a umbilical discharge.

  6. FREE VASTUS LATERALIS MUSCLE FLAP FOR CLOSURE OF RECURRENT ORONASAL FISTULA: A CASE REPORT

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    Prakash Kumar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Recurrent oronasal fistulas after cleft palate repair present a difficult problem for the cleft surgeon. Repeated surgeries to close the fistula results in increased scar formation with associated soft tissue contracture and a resultant increase in fistula size. Although locally available flaps ha s been the standard procedure for closure of small fistulae, Large fistulas requires regional flaps like tongue flaps requiring multistage transfer, with resultant intra oral scarring, to avoid the problems associated with loco regional flaps and recent in crease in success rates of free tissue transfers make them a viable, one - stage means of closing these defects. In this case report we present our clinical experience with recurren t palatal fistula and highlight the effective use of the free vastuslateralis mus cle flap as a means of repair.

  7. [Trigeminal-cavernous fistula. Report of a case and review of the literature].

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    Santos Franco, Jorge; Sánchez Olivera, Carlos; Saavedra Andrade, Rafael; Sandoval Balanzario, Miguel Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Persistent primitive trigeminal artery is a rare anatomical variant resulting from the absence of obliteration of the embryonic trigeminal artery. The shunt between the persistent primitive trigeminal artery and the cavernous sinus is called trigeminal-cavernous fistula. We report the case of a woman with a trigeminal-cavernous fistula secondary to head trauma who was treated by transarterial embolization. PMID:24108341

  8. Hybrid management of a spontaneous ilio-iliac arteriovenous fistula: a case report

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Brien, Gavin C

    2011-08-22

    Abstract Introduction Spontaneous iliac arteriovenous fistulae are a rare clinical entity. Such localized fistulation is usually a result of penetrating traumatic or iatrogenic injury. Clinical presentation can vary greatly but commonly includes back pain, high-output congestive cardiac failure and the presence of an abdominal bruit. Diagnosis, therefore, is often incidental or delayed. Case presentation We report a case of a spontaneous ilio-iliac arteriovenous fistula in a 68-year-old Caucasian man detected following presentation with unilateral claudication and congestive cardiac failure. Following computed tomography evaluation, the fistula was successfully treated with a combined endovascular (aorto-uni-iliac device) and open (femoro-femoral crossover) approach. Conclusion Endovascular surgery has revolutionized the management of such fistulae and we report an interesting case of a high-output iliac arteriovenous fistulae successfully treated with a hybrid vascular approach.

  9. Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Mimicking an Oroantral Fistula: A Case Report

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    Monteiro, Bárbara Vanessa de Brito; Grempel, Rafael Grotta; Gomes, Daliana Queiroga de Castro; Godoy, Gustavo Pina; Miguel, Márcia Cristina da Costa

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is one of the most frequent malignant salivary gland tumors, which commonly affects the minor salivary glands of the mouth and is rare in the nose and paranasal sinuses. In the maxillary sinus, ACC can mimic inflammatory diseases and has a poor prognosis. Objective To report a case of a 50-year-old man with ACC of the maxillary sinus whose clinical findings in the alveolar ridge mimicked an oroantral fistula. Case Report An excisional biopsy was performed and histopathologic analysis revealed ACC. Lung metastases and residual tumor in the maxillary sinus were detected by imaging methods. In view of the poor general health of the patient, no new surgical intervention was performed and he was only treated by radiotherapy and follow-up. Conclusion Although rare in the maxillary sinus, ACC should be included in the differential diagnosis of lesions affecting this site. PMID:25992095

  10. Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Mimicking an Oroantral Fistula: A Case Report

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    Monteiro, Bárbara Vanessa de Brito

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC is one of the most frequent malignant salivary gland tumors, which commonly affects the minor salivary glands of the mouth and is rare in the nose and paranasal sinuses. In the maxillary sinus, ACC can mimic inflammatory diseases and has a poor prognosis. Objective To report a case of a 50-year-old man with ACC of the maxillary sinus whose clinical findings in the alveolar ridge mimicked an oroantral fistula. Case Report An excisional biopsy was performed and histopathologic analysis revealed ACC. Lung metastases and residual tumor in the maxillary sinus were detected by imaging methods. In view of the poor general health of the patient, no new surgical intervention was performed and he was only treated by radiotherapy and follow-up. Conclusion Although rare in the maxillary sinus, ACC should be included in the differential diagnosis of lesions affecting this site.

  11. Colopleural fistula caused by aspergillus: an extremely rare complication after lung resection-case report.

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    Hayashi, Akio; Susaki, Yoshiyuki; Ose, Naoko; Takeuchi, Yukiyasu; Maeda, Hajime

    2016-12-01

    A colopleural fistula is a rare condition reported to be caused by Crohn's disease, a malignant tumor of the gastrointestinal tract, and other clinical conditions. Some studies have noted that a sub-diaphragmatic abscess, usually organized following abdominal surgery, may play some role in the formation of this type of fistula. Therefore, a colopleural fistula is a complication very rarely encountered by thoracic surgeons after lung resection.We experienced an extremely rare case of colopleural fistula following a left lower lobectomy for lung aspergillosis. Here, we report a 71-year-old man with a surgical history of proximal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. He underwent left lower lobectomy of the lung for aspergillosis, and a colopleural fistula occurred on the second operative day as a complication. Aspergillus might be responsible for forming a fistula between the colon and lung via the diaphragm, and lung surgery manifested this rare condition. Although some reports suggest that surgical treatment is mandatory to cure this fistula, an immediate colostomy in our case reduced the internal pressure of the colon, thus enabling spontaneous closure of the fistula with appropriate drainage and antibiotics. The patient was discharged in a good condition. PMID:27108124

  12. [One case of postoperative facial paralysis after first branchial fistula].

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    Wang, Xia; Xu, Yaosheng

    2015-12-01

    Pus overflow from patent's fistula belew the left face near mandibular angle 2 years agowith a little pain. Symptoms relieved after oral antibiotics. This symptom frequently occurred in the past six months. Postoperative facial paralysis occurred after surgery, and recovered after treatment. It was diagnosed as the postoperative facial paralysis after first branchial fistula surgery.

  13. Malignant colo-duodenal fistula; case report and review of the literature

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    Williams Nigel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Colo-duodenal fistula is a rare complication of malignant and inflammatory bowel disease. Cases with malignant colo-duodenal fistulae can present with symptoms from the primary, from the fistula or from metastatic disease. The fistula often results in diarrhoea and vomiting with dramatic weight loss. Upper abdominal pain is usually present as is general malaise both from the presence of the disease and from the metabolic sequelae it causes. The diarrhoea relates to colonic bacterial contamination of the upper intestines rather than to a pure mechanical effect. Vomiting may be faeculant or truly faecal and eructation foul smelling but in the case reports this 'classic' symptomatology was often absent despite a fistula being present and patent enough to allow barium through it. Occasionally patients will present with a gastro-intestinal bleed. Case presentation We present an unusual case of colorectal carcinoma, where a 65 year old male patient presented with diarrhoea and vomiting secondary to a malignant colo-duodenal fistula near the hepatic flexure. Adenocarcinoma was confirmed on histology from a biopsy obtained during the patient's oesophageogastroduodenoscopy, and the fistula was demonstrated in his barium enema. Staging computed tomography showed a locally advanced carcinoma of the proximal transverse colon, with a fistula to the duodenum and regional lymphadenopathy. The patient was also found to have subcutaneous metastasis. Following discussions at the multidisciplinary meeting, this patient was referred for palliation, and died within 4 months after discharge from hospital. Conclusion We present the case, discuss the management and review the literature. Colo-duodenal fistulae from colonic primaries are rare but early diagnosis may allow curative surgery. This case emphasises the importance of accurate staging and repeated clinical examination.

  14. Thoracic Duct Chylous Fistula Following Severe Electric Injury Combined with Sulfuric Acid Burns: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Fei; Cheng, Dasheng; Qian, Mingyuan; Lu, Wei; Li, Huatao; Tang, Hongtai; Xia, Zhaofan

    2016-01-01

    Patient: Male, 32 Final Diagnosis: Thoracic duct chylous fistula Symptoms: Fistula Medication: — Clinical Procedure: A boneless muscle flap transplantatio Specialty: — Objective: Rare disease Background: As patients with thoracic duct injuries often suffer from severe local soft tissue defects, integrated surgical treatment is needed to achieve damage repair and wound closure. However, thoracic duct chylous fistula is rare in burn patients, although it typically involves severe soft tissue damage in the neck or chest. Case Report: A 32-year-old male patient fell after accidentally contacting an electric current (380 V) and knocked over a barrel of sulfuric acid. The sulfuric acid continuously poured onto his left neck and chest, causing combined electrical and sulfuric acid burn injuries to his anterior and posterior torso, and various parts of his limbs (25% of his total body surface area). During treatment, chylous fistula developed in the left clavicular region, which we diagnosed as thoracic duct chylous fistula. We used diet control, intravenous nutritional support, and continuous somatostatin to reduce the chylous fistula output, and hydrophilic silver ion-containing dressings for wound coverage. A boneless muscle flap was used to seal the left clavicular cavity, and, integrated, these led to resolution of the chylous fistula. Conclusions: Patients with severe electric or chemical burns in the neck or chest may be complicated with thoracic duct injuries. Although conservative treatment can control chylous fistula, wound cavity filling using a muscle flap is an effective approach for wound healing. PMID:27725628

  15. Leiomyosarcoma with coronary fistulae and ventricular septal perforation:A case study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dang-Sheng HUANG; Yu-Mei WANG; Yu CHEN

    2014-01-01

    Coronary fistulae and ventricular septal perforation are very rare clinically, and even less caused by cardiac leiomyosarcoma. A case is reported that a 67-year-old female had cardiac leiomyosarcoma with progressive heart failure and coronary fistulae and ventricular septal perforation. This case was special since all ante-mortem examinations and cardiac surgery failed to detect the presence of any abnormal car-diac mass. Therefore, the malignant cardiac tumors could appear in an invasive form without mass and be one of the causes of the coronary fistulae and ventricular septal perforation.

  16. Huge aneurysm and coronary-cameral fistula from right coronary branch: First case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Tanveer; Pasarad, Ashwini Kumar; Kishore, Kolkebaile Sadanand; Maheshwarappa, Nandakumar Neralakere

    2016-02-01

    Coronary-cameral fistulas are rare cardiovascular anomalies. A giant coronary artery aneurysm associated with a coronary-cameral fistula is a very rare condition, with an estimated prevalence of 0.02%. We report the case of middle-aged woman who presented with a huge extracardiac aneurysmal mass and a coronary-cameral fistula from a right coronary artery branch. It was successfully repaired by ligation and excision plus marsupialization of the aneurysm. We believe this is the first such a case reported in literature.

  17. Congenital hepatoportal arteriovenous fistula associated with intrahepatic portal vein aneurysm and portohepatic venous shunt: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A congenital hepatoportal arteriovenous fistula associated with an intrahepatic portal vein aneurysm is a rare type of arteriovenous malformation. Only 14 pediatric cases have been reported to the best of the authors' knowledge. An intrahepatic shunt between the portal and systemic veins is also relatively rare. We report a case of a congenital hepatoportal arteriovenous fistula associated with an intrahepatic portal vein aneurysm and a portohepatic venous shunt in a neonate who presented with tachypnea and melena

  18. Transcatheter closure of a congenital coronary artery to right ventricle fistula: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Gribaa, Rym; Slim, Mehdi; Ouali, Sana; Neffati, Elies; Boughzela, Essia

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Congenital coronary artery fistula is a rare anomaly that may cause angina, atrial fibrillation, endocarditis, aneurysmal dilation and myocardial infarction. Both spontaneous regression and life-threatening complications have been described. Treatment can be conservative, surgical or more recently through transcatheter closure. Case presentation We report the case of a 27-year-old Tunisian man with a large coronary artery fistula from the left anterior descending artery to the ri...

  19. Transvenous embolization of indirect carotid-cavernous fistula via upper ophthalmic/facial vein - Case report and literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indirect carotid-cavernous fistula or dural arterio-venous fistula of cavernous sinus is relatively rare pathologic finding. Different classifications of carotid-cavernous fistulae are proposed. Now days more and more they are treated by endovascular approach. A case of authors' practice of transvenous embolization of carotid-cavernous fistula via upper ophthalmic vein in 52 year old female is presented with review of the literature. A week later ocular symptoms of the patient regressed. Control angiography at the third month follow up does not visualize fistula. The transvenous approach in management of carotid cavernous fistulae is safe and effective in cases direct arterial approach is absent or technically impossible. Key words: Indirect Carotid-Cavernous Fistula. Embolization. Transvenous Approach

  20. Systemic-pulmonary arteriovenous fistula of traumatic origin: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirsch, M.; Maroko, I.; Gueron, M.; Goleman, L.

    1983-08-01

    Arteriovenous fistulas between the systemic circulation and the pulmonary artery are extremely rare. Continuous precordial murmur is the usual clinical sign while unilateral rib notching may be the only radiologic manifestation of this condition. Selective angiographic investigation is necessary to localize the site of such an arteriovenous (AV) fistula before surgery is performed. In a review of the literature of 15 published cases, the majority were of congenital origin, with four of these systemic-pulmonary AV fistulas of traumatic origin, of which one occurred after insertion of an intercostal catheter. We describe one case of traumatic origin 9 years after percutaneous thoracic drainage for spontaneous pneumothorax, in which transcatheter embolic occlusion of the feeding arteries of an AV fistula was attempted. The advantages and the disadvantages of the non-surgical and surgical therapeutic approaches are discussed.

  1. Systemic-pulmonary arteriovenous fistula of traumatic origin: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arteriovenous fistulas between the systemic circulation and the pulmonary artery are extremely rare. Continuous precordial murmur is the usual clinical sign while unilateral rib notching may be the only radiologic manifestation of this condition. Selective angiographic investigation is necessary to localize the site of such an arteriovenous (AV) fistula before surgery is performed. In a review of the literature of 15 published cases, the majority were of congenital origin, with four of these systemic-pulmonary AV fistulas of traumatic origin, of which one occurred after insertion of an intercostal catheter. We describe one case of traumatic origin 9 years after percutaneous thoracic drainage for spontaneous pneumothorax, in which transcatheter embolic occlusion of the feeding arteries of an AV fistula was attempted. The advantages and the disadvantages of the non-surgical and surgical therapeutic approaches are discussed. (orig.)

  2. Traumatic Persistent Trigeminal Artery - Cavernous Sinus Fistula Treated by Transcatheter Arterial Embolization: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Asai, K.; Hasuo, K; Hara, T.; Miyagishima, T.; Terano, N.

    2010-01-01

    We describe a rare case of traumatic persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) - cavernous sinus fistula. Cerebral angiography showed direct communication between the right PTA and the cavernous sinus which was treated by transcathether arterial embolization. Although previous reports have indicated the use of more coils to treat this condition, we successfully treated the patient with only two coils placed near the orifice of the fistula after sufficient anatomical evaluation.

  3. Traumatic persistent trigeminal artery--cavernous sinus fistula treated by transcatheter arterial embolization. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asai, K; Hasuo, K; Hara, T; Miyagishima, T; Terano, N

    2010-03-01

    We describe a rare case of traumatic persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) - cavernous sinus fistula. Cerebral angiography showed direct communication between the right PTA and the cavernous sinus which was treated by transcathether arterial embolization. Although previous reports have indicated the use of more coils to treat this condition, we successfully treated the patient with only two coils placed near the orifice of the fistula after sufficient anatomical evaluation. PMID:20377986

  4. Development of bile duct bezoars following cholecystectomy caused by choledochoduodenal fistula formation: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adibnejad Soheil

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The formation of bile duct bezoars is a rare event. Its occurrence when there is no history of choledochoenteric anastomosis or duodenal diverticulum constitutes an extremely scarce finding. Case presentation We present a case of obstructive jaundice, caused by the concretion of enteric material (bezoars in the common bile duct following choledochoduodenal fistula development. Six years after cholecystectomy, a 60-year-old female presented with abdominal pain and jaundice. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography demonstrated multiple filling defects in her biliary tract. The size of the obstructing objects necessitated surgical retrieval of the stones. A histological assessment of the objects revealed fibrinoid materials with some cellular debris. Post-operative T-tube cholangiography (9 days after the operation illustrated an open bile duct without any filling defects. Surprisingly, a relatively long choledochoduodenal fistula was detected. The fistula formation was assumed to have led to the development of the bile duct bezoar. Conclusion Bezoar formation within the bile duct should be taken into consideration as a differential diagnosis, which can alter treatment modalities from surgery to less invasive methods such as more intra-ERCP efforts. Suspicions of the presence of bezoars are strengthened by the detection of a biliary enteric fistula through endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Furthermore, patients at a higher risk of fistula formation should undergo a thorough ERCP in case there is a biliodigestive fistula having developed spontaneously.

  5. Risk factors for obstetric fistula in Western Uganda: a case control study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justus Kafunjo Barageine

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Two million women worldwide are living with genital fistula with an annual incidence of 50,000-100,000 women. Risk factors for obstetric fistula are context bound. Studies from other countries show variation in the risk factors for obstetric fistula. This study was conducted to identify risk factors for obstetric fistula in western Ugandan context. METHODS: A case control study comparing background factors of women with obstetric fistula (cases and women without fistula (controls was conducted in western Uganda. Data was collected using face-to-face interviews. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis was conducted using Stata 12. RESULTS: Altogether, 420 respondents (140 cases and 280 controls participated in the study. Duration of labour was used to form the product terms when assessing for interaction and confounding since it was one the most significant factors at bivariate level with a narrow confidence interval and was hence considered the main predictor. After adjusting for interaction and confounding, significant risk factors associated with development of obstetric fistula in western Uganda were: Caesarean section (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 13.30, 95% CI = 6.74-26.39, respondent height of 150 cm or less (AOR = 2.63, 95% CI = 1.35-5.26, baby weight of 3.5 kg or more (AOR = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.15-1.99, prolonged labour (AOR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.04-1.08. A quarter of the fistulas had resulted from iatrogenic complication during caesarean section. Compared to no education, post primary level of education was protective against obstetric fistula (AOR = 0.31, 95% CI = 0.13-0.72 and there was no difference between respondents without education and those with primary level education. CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons contribute to a big proportion (25% of fistula cases hence caesarean section being a risk factor in this region. Other risk factors include; prolonged labour, weight of the baby of 3.5 kg or more, respondent height of 150 cm

  6. Post-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid fistula: a case report; Fistula liquorica pos-traumatica - relato de um caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tamburus, Wander Miguel; Figueiredo Wanderley, Eliana Christina; Maciel, Damacio Ramon Kaimen; Narciso, Avelino Jose Soares; Sendenski, Mauricio Michalak [Universidade Estadual de Londrina, PR (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias da Saude

    1996-10-01

    Fronto-basal fracture occurs in around 5% of cranioencephalic trauma. the involved structures are: arachnoid, dura-mater, osseous base and the mucosa, and there us contact between the brain and the environment. Even with rupture of all these structures cerebrospinal fluid leakage may not occur; regardless of this, there may be infectious complications, such as bacterial meningitis or brain abscess. the authors report the case of a patient with head injury and four bacterial meningitis, the diagnosis of post-traumatic liquoric fistula being made only through magnetic resonance imaging. (author) 10 refs., 1 fig.

  7. Enterocutaneous fistula associated with ePTFE mesh: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, M; Carlson, M A

    2009-06-01

    A case of enterocutaneous fistula secondary to the erosion of an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) prosthesis into the jejunum is described. This case is unusual secondary to the long experience with ePTFE and the lack of published cases similar to this one. The technical details of this case reveal extenuating circumstances associated with the fistula formation, and it is concluded that this particular case does not provide sufficient evidence to implicate ePTFE, by itself, as an etiologic agent for gastrointestinal fistulization. In addition, the published safety record of ePTFE in abdominal wall surgery is reviewed. PMID:18941863

  8. Diagnosis and management of trigemino-cavernous fistulas: case reports and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Timothy R; Jindal, Gaurav; Mohan, Suyash; Fortes, Manuel; Hurst, Robert; Pukenas, Bryan; Gandhi, Dheeraj

    2015-01-01

    Although usually asymptomatic, a persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) can rarely be associated with a direct fistula to the cavernous sinus (ie, trigemino-cavernous fistula). We present three patients with trigemino-cavernous fistulas; two were subsequently treated using modern endovascular techniques while the third initially declined therapy. We then review the literature of reported cases of this unusual entity. The aberrant anatomy associated with a PTA presents unique challenges to the management of these lesions, and must be well delineated prior to treatment. Finally, conservative management of trigemino-cavernous fistulas, either de novo or recurrent, may be considered if they demonstrate no evidence of cortical venous reflux and patient symptoms are tolerable. PMID:24394154

  9. Duodenal fistula after gastrectomy: retrospective study of 13 new cases

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    María de los Ángeles Cornejo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Duodenal stump fistula (DSF after gastrectomy has a low incidence but a high morbidity and mortality, and is therefore one of the most aggressive and feared complications of this procedure. Material and methods: We retrospectively evaluated all DSF occurred at our hospital after carrying out a gastrectomy for gastric cancer, between January 1997 and December 2014. We analyzed demographic, oncologic, and surgical variables, and the evolution in terms of morbidity, mortality and hospital stay. Results: In the period covered in this study, we performed 666 gastrectomies and observed DSF in 13 patients (1.95%. In 8 of the 13 patients (61.5% surgery was the treatment of choice and in 5 cases (38.5% conservative treatment was carried out. Postoperative mortality associated with DSF was 46.2% (6 cases. In the surgical group, 3 patients developed severe sepsis with multiple organ failure, 2 patients presented a major hematemesis which required endoscopic haemostasis, 1 patient had an evisceration and another presented a subphrenic abscess requiring percutaneous drainage. Six patients (75% died despite surgery, with 3 deaths in the first 24 hours of postoperative care. The 2 patients who survived after the second surgical procedure had a hospital stay of 45 and 84 days respectively. In the conservative treatment group the cure rate was 100% with no significant complications and an average postoperative hospital stay of 39.5 days (range, 26-65 days. Conclusion: FMD is an unusual complication but it is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. In our experience, conservative management has shown better results compared with surgical treatment.

  10. Malignant melanoma arising from a perianal fistula and harbouring a BRAF gene mutation: a case report

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    Tajahuerce Marcos

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Melanoma of the anal region is a very uncommon disease, accounting for only 0.2-0.3% of all melanoma cases. Mutations of the BRAF gene are usually absent in melanomas occurring in this region as well as in other sun-protected regions. The development of a tumour in a longstanding perianal fistula is also extremely rare. More frequent is the case of a tumour presenting as a fistula, that is, the fistula being a consequence of the cancerous process, although we have found only two cases of fistula-generating melanomas reported in the literature. Case Presentation Here we report the case of a 38-year-old male who presented with a perianal fistula of four years of evolution. Histopathological examination of the fistulous tract confirmed the presence of malignant melanoma. Due to the small size and the central location of the melanoma inside the fistulous tract, we believe the melanoma reported here developed in the epithelium of the fistula once the latter was already formed. Resected sentinel lymph nodes were negative and the patient, after going through a wide local excision, remains disease-free nine years after diagnosis. DNA obtained from melanoma tissue was analysed by automated direct sequencing and the V600E (T1799A mutation was detected in exon 15 of the BRAF gene. Conclusion Since fistulae experience persistent inflammation, the fact that this melanoma harbours a BRAF mutation strengthens the view that oxidative stress caused by inflammatory processes plays an important role in the genesis of BRAF gene mutations.

  11. Acute gastric volvulus in operated cases of tracheoesophageal fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshi Milind

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A report of two neonates of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula who had acute gastric volvulus in the postoperative period and required gastropexy after correction of the volvulus. Such postoperative complication has not been reported in the literature so far.

  12. Oesophagobronchial fistula caused by varicella zoster virus in a patient with AIDS: a unique case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moretti, F; Uberti-Foppa, C; Quiros-Roldan, E; Fanti, L; Lillo, F; Lazzarin, A

    2002-01-01

    Human herpesvirus oesophagitis in human immunodeficiency virus positive patients is caused by cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus; no cases of oesophagitis and oesophagobrochial fistula as a result of varicella zoster virus (VZV) have been reported to date. This report describes the case of a patient with a 2–3 mm deep oesophageal ulcer whose viral culture was positive for VZV. The patient was treated with acyclovir with resolution of the symptomatology. After the end of the induction treatment, because of the onset of fever and fits of coughing during eating, the patient underwent oesophagography, which showed an ulcer with an oesophagobronchial fistula in the middle and lower third of the oesophagus. This case report stresses the role of VZV infection as a possible cause of oesophagobronchial fistula, a rare but benign condition in patients with AIDS. PMID:11986352

  13. Rare case of coronary to pulmonary vein fistula with coronary steal phenomenon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Emad; A; Barsoum; Faisal; B; Saiful; Deepak; Asti; Rewais; Morcus; Georges; Khoueiry; James; Lafferty; Donald; A; McCord

    2014-01-01

    Coronary artery fistulas are abnormal connections between coronary artery territories and cardiac chambers or major vessels,most of them are congenital.Patients with coronary artery fistula can be asymptomatic or present with different symptoms like angina.Cardiac computed tomography(CT)is one of the best modalities for diagnosis.We present an elderly patient that presented with angina symptoms,non invasive stress test was positive for ischemic heart disease,coronary angiogram could not reveal any obstructive lesions,but an abnormal branch of the left descending coronary artery(LAD),cardiac CT showed fistula that connect left anterior descending coronary artery to left superior pulmonary vein.Our case is extremely rare as most of the reported cases were fistulas between LAD and pulmonary artery,but in our case the fistula between LAD and left superior pulmonary vein.In addition,our patients’symptoms resolved with anti-ischemic medical treatment without any surgical intervention.

  14. Management of gastro-bronchial fistula complicating a subtotal esophagectomy: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Martin-Smith, James D

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The development of a fistula between the tracheobronchial tree and the gastric conduit post esophagectomy is a rare and often fatal complication. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68 year old man underwent radical esophagectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma. On postoperative day 14 the nasogastric drainage bag dramatically filled with air, without deterioration in respiratory function or progressive sepsis. A fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed which demonstrated a gastro-bronchial fistula in the posterior aspect of the left main bronchus. He was managed conservatively with antibiotics, enteral nutrition via jejunostomy, and non-invasive respiratory support. A follow- up bronchoscopy 60 days after the diagnostic bronchoscopy, confirmed spontaneous closure of the fistula CONCLUSIONS: This is the first such case where a conservative approach with no surgery or endoprosthesis resulted in a successful outcome, with fistula closure confirmed at subsequent bronchoscopy. Our experience would suggest that in very carefully selected cases where bronchopulmonary contamination from the fistula is minimal or absent, there is no associated inflammation of the tracheobronchial tree and the patient is stable from a respiratory point of view without evidence of sepsis, there may be a role for a trial of conservative management.

  15. Management of gastro-bronchial fistula complicating a subtotal esophagectomy: a case report

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Martin-Smith, James D

    2009-12-24

    Abstract Background The development of a fistula between the tracheobronchial tree and the gastric conduit post esophagectomy is a rare and often fatal complication. Case presentation A 68 year old man underwent radical esophagectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma. On postoperative day 14 the nasogastric drainage bag dramatically filled with air, without deterioration in respiratory function or progressive sepsis. A fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed which demonstrated a gastro-bronchial fistula in the posterior aspect of the left main bronchus. He was managed conservatively with antibiotics, enteral nutrition via jejunostomy, and non-invasive respiratory support. A follow- up bronchoscopy 60 days after the diagnostic bronchoscopy, confirmed spontaneous closure of the fistula Conclusions This is the first such case where a conservative approach with no surgery or endoprosthesis resulted in a successful outcome, with fistula closure confirmed at subsequent bronchoscopy. Our experience would suggest that in very carefully selected cases where bronchopulmonary contamination from the fistula is minimal or absent, there is no associated inflammation of the tracheobronchial tree and the patient is stable from a respiratory point of view without evidence of sepsis, there may be a role for a trial of conservative management.

  16. Management of gastro-bronchial fistula complicating a subtotal esophagectomy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Narayanasamy

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The development of a fistula between the tracheobronchial tree and the gastric conduit post esophagectomy is a rare and often fatal complication. Case presentation A 68 year old man underwent radical esophagectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma. On postoperative day 14 the nasogastric drainage bag dramatically filled with air, without deterioration in respiratory function or progressive sepsis. A fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed which demonstrated a gastro-bronchial fistula in the posterior aspect of the left main bronchus. He was managed conservatively with antibiotics, enteral nutrition via jejunostomy, and non-invasive respiratory support. A follow- up bronchoscopy 60 days after the diagnostic bronchoscopy, confirmed spontaneous closure of the fistula Conclusions This is the first such case where a conservative approach with no surgery or endoprosthesis resulted in a successful outcome, with fistula closure confirmed at subsequent bronchoscopy. Our experience would suggest that in very carefully selected cases where bronchopulmonary contamination from the fistula is minimal or absent, there is no associated inflammation of the tracheobronchial tree and the patient is stable from a respiratory point of view without evidence of sepsis, there may be a role for a trial of conservative management.

  17. Cardiocutaneous fistula

    OpenAIRE

    Danias, P; Lehman, T; Kartis, T; Missri, J.

    1999-01-01

    Infection of the Teflon pledgets on the heart suture line after left ventricular aneurysm repair, presenting late with a fistulous tract connecting the heart with the skin (cardiocutaneous fistula) is an uncommon but potentially serious condition. The case is reported of a 73 year old man who developed a cardiocutaneous fistula extending through the left hemidiaphragm and draining at the abdominal wall, which developed six years after left ventricular aneurysmectomy. Following radiographic ev...

  18. Cranial dural arteriovenous fistula as a rare cause of tinnitus – case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tinnitus, occurring at least once in a lifetime in about 10–20% of the population, is an important clinical problem with complex etiology. Rare causes of tinnitus include cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), which are usually small lesions consisting of abnormal connections between branches of dural arteries and venous sinuses or veins. Authors present a case of a 44-year-old woman with persistent, unilateral, treatment-resistant pulsatile tinnitus caused by a small dural arteriovenous fistula revealed in computed tomography angiography. Computed tomography angiography is a useful diagnostic method that in some cases allows for establishing the cause of unilateral, pulsatile tinnitus

  19. A case report of ileovesical fistula in radiation enteritis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishibashi, Keiichiro; Tsuchiya, Akira; Ito, Takaaki; Akiyama, Akito; Ohkubo, Yuhei; Oyama, Hironori; Sato, Shigenori; Kusama, Hiroshi [Tokyo Medical Coll., Ibaraki (Japan). Kasumigaura Hospital

    1996-09-01

    A 49-year-old female was admitted with chief complaint of fecaluria on March 4th 1993. A radiation therapy had been performed for uterocervical cancer 18 years ago. The small intestine and bladder was detected by DIP and cystogram simultaneously. It was diagnosed as an ileovesical fistula. A segmental resection of the ileum with partial cystectomy was performed on March 23rd. Histopathologically, the ileum showed a radiation enteritis. Eventually, we diagnosed that this ileovesical fistula was caused by radiation. After operation, an incompletion of suture occurred. So we made an ileostomy secondarily and performed hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The patient was getting well temporarily but died of gastric hemorrhage on May 1st. (author)

  20. A Case of Curable Dementia Treated by Effective Endovascular Embolization for Dural Arteriovenous Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomoyuki Yoshihara

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: We report a case in which an effective endovascular treatment cured the worsening of dementia due to a dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF. Case Report: A 73-year-old woman suffered for 1.5 years from gait disturbance and disorientation that were suspicious of dementia. A brain MRI revealed that her symptoms were likely due to dAVF. An angiography provided a definitive diagnosis of dural transverse-sigmoid sinus fistula. Transvenous embolization completely occluded the fistula and led to a significant improvement of her cognitive function in tandem with a restoration of the cerebral blood flow. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment for dAVF is sometimes effective in treating worsening dementia, which might be due to the drastic change in cerebral blood flow in the area relevant to the cognitive function.

  1. Tube-flap for management of complex recto-urinary fistula with York Mason technique: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limkuansuwan, P

    2001-05-01

    Recto-urinary fistula results as a complication following trauma to the perinium and pelvis. These fistulas are difficult to treat and have a high recurrence rate due to the difficult surgical approach in repairing them. Both the transabdominal or transperineal approaches used in repairing these fistulas are difficult and provide only limited exposure to the fistula being repaired. In the case report, we present a patient with complex recto-urinary fistula due to trauma to the pelvis 20 years previously. In this patient we used the transphincteric York Mason approach to directly approach the fistula, followed by construction of a tube flap connecting the bladder and the urethra. The technique is simple, easy and the outcome has been excellent after 4 years of follow-up. PMID:11560228

  2. [Pediatric case of congenital coronary artery fistula; surgical result and late changes in coronary artery aneurysm].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugawara, Masaaki; Oguma, Fumiaki; Hirahara, Hiroyuki

    2014-07-01

    Congenital coronary artery fistula is an uncommon heart anomaly involving the coronary arteries. We report here a case of a 4-year-old boy who had a coronary fistula from the right coronary artery to the right ventricle, with a coronary aneurysm. He was asymptomatic, but the calculated ratio of pulmonary blood flow to systemic blood flow was shown to be high [pulmonary flow (Qp)/systemic flow(Qs)=1.78]. The coronary angiography showed that the right coronary artery was dilated beginning at the ostium and had an aneurysm at the acute marginal portion. A large spherical aneurysm approximately 20 mm in diameter was found to have been connected with coronary fistula opening into the right ventricle. Surgical repair by closure of the fistula under direct vision, partial resection and suture closure of the aneurysm was performed. Plication of the proximal portion of the right coronary artery was not performed, and the diffusely dilated artery was left untouched. After this operation, he recovered well under anticoagulant treatment with warfarin and aspirin. Postoperative angiography was performed 17 months after the surgery to evaluate morphological changes in the coronary artery. The angiography confirmed the closure of the fistula and the regression of coronary artery dilatation.

  3. Pial arteriovenous fistulas associated with multiple aneurysms presenting as intracerebral hemorrhage: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Wu; Gong, Jianping; Cheng, Bochao; Qiao, Fang; Zhang, Wei; Zhu, Qing; Lan, Qing

    2014-01-01

    Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) associated with multiple aneurysms of the main feeding arteries are very rare cerebrovascular lesions. We report a unique case of pial AVFs associated with four aneurysms of the feeding anterior cerebral artery (ACA) which presented as intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). CT angiography (CTA) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images demonstrated clearly the direct connection without nidus between the first and second segment of right ACA accompanied by four irregular aneurysms and an abnormally dilated draining vein into the superior sagittal sinus (SSS). Owing to the superficial-seated fistulas, the morphology of feeding arteries and associated four aneurysms and intracranial hemorrhage, the lesions were surgically treated. Postoperative cerebral angiography certified closure of the fistulas and exclusion of the four aneurysms as well as disappearance of early venous drainage. However, subsequent precontrast brain CT showed hydrocephalus underwent left ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement. PMID:25269054

  4. [An Adult Case of Transperineal Repair of Congenital Rectourethral Fistula Using Gracilis Muscle Flap Interposition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yo, Toeki; Kanematsu, Akihiro; Hanasaki, Takeshi; Nakanishi, Yukako; Togo, Yoshikazu; Suzuki, Toru; Higuchi, Yoshihide; Nojima, Michio; Yamamoto, Shingo; Okuyama, Hiroomi

    2015-07-01

    A man in his 50s was referred to our hospital after recurrent severe urinary tract infection. He had undergone anoplasty for anorectal malformation during early infancy. He noticed urinary leakage from the anus for a long time. Under diagnosis of congenital rectourethral fistula, we performed fistula closure. The fistula was transsected via transperineal incision and each stump was closed. A gracilis muscle flap approximately 30 cm long was harvested from the left thigh, brought into the deepest part between the separated rectum and urethra through a subcutaneous tunnel and fixed there. The urinary leakage from the anus disappeared, and the infection resolved. Application of gracilis muscle flap for congenital diseases is rare, but was useful in the present case. PMID:26278215

  5. Secondary arterio-enteric fistula: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budimir, Ivan; Nikolić, Marko; Supanc, Vladimir; Ljubicić, Neven; Krpan, Tomislav; Zovak, Mario; Sabol, Mateja

    2012-03-01

    Arterio-enteric fistula is a rare, but potentially deadly cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. The disease occurs in two forms: primary as a result of atherosclerotic aortic aneurysm, aortitis, trauma, radiation, tumor invasion or penetrating ulcer, and secondary as a consequence of surgical aortal reconstruction. The clinical manifestation is mostly gastrointestinal bleeding, rarely back pain, fever and sepsis. Computed tomography with contrast medium is the most suitable diagnostic test, however, the diagnosis frequently requires explorative laparotomy. A case is presented of secondary arterio-enteric fistula, found two years after surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis with pseudocystojejunostomy, which clinically manifested with gastrointestinal bleeding. Although there was strong suspicion of arterio-enteric fistula, the diagnosis was not verified by routine workup, but only on explorative laparotomy. PMID:22920006

  6. Dural carotid cavernous sinus fistula presenting as isolated oculomotor nerve palsy: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şehnaz Arıcı

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Indirect (dural carotid cavernous fistula is formed by the connection between meningeal branches of the internal carotid artery and the cavernous sinüs, and low flow circulation with low pressure is occured. Proptosis, ophtalmoplegia, headache, scleral and conjuctival hyperemia expanding around the eyeball can be observed. A forty-eight year old female patient with a background of diabetes mellitus and hypertension was admitted with complaints of double vision. Isolated oculomotor nerve palsy was found in neurological examination and an indirect carotid cavernous fistula was revealed by digital subtraction angiography. Our case with carotid cavernous fistula as a rare cause of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy is worth to be reported.

  7. Tracheoesophageal fistula resulting from invasive aspergillosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Si Won [Daejeon St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-04-15

    Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) in adult patients is an uncommon complication in leukemia. We present here on a case of TEF in a 46-year-old woman with ALL. The patient was asymptomatic and TEF is resulted from aspergillus bronchitis during the chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)

  8. Tracheoesophageal fistula resulting from invasive aspergillosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) in adult patients is an uncommon complication in leukemia. We present here on a case of TEF in a 46-year-old woman with ALL. The patient was asymptomatic and TEF is resulted from aspergillus bronchitis during the chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)

  9. Case report: Conservative management of an arteriovenous fistula of the inferior epigastric artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piñero, A; Reus, M; Agea, B; Capel, A; Riquelme, J; Parrilla, P

    2003-02-01

    We present a case of pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistula of the inferior epigastric artery secondary to the placement of a drain during a surgical intervention. We stress the utility of colour Doppler ultrasound and arteriography embolisation in diagnosis and treatment, respectively. PMID:12642284

  10. Choledochoduodenal fistula complicating duodenal ulcer disease (a report of 3 cases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shah P

    1990-07-01

    Full Text Available Choledochoduodenal fistula complicating duodenal ulcer disease is a rare occurrence. The present paper describes 3 such cases which were incidentally picked up on upper gastro-intestinal (GI radiographic study and endoscopy done for ulcer like symptoms. The relevant literature is reviewed.

  11. VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA: OUR EXPERIENCE OF 47 CASES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF WEST BENGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biswajit

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Vesicovaginal Fistula (VVF, an abnormal communication between the urinary bladder and vagina, is one of the most distressing and embarrassing health problem for the ladies. The present observational study was planned to inquire into the demographic and aetiologic pattern of vesicovaginal fistula and the long-term success rate of its surgical management following different techniques of repair in a tertiary care centre of West Bengal, India. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 47 patients with vesicovaginal fistula presented at our hospital over a span of nine years, were observed during their course of treatment. The patients were evaluated with clinical history, physical examination, routine laboratory investigations, intravenous urogram and cystoscopy. Then the patients had undergone operation by vaginal or abdominal route. Patients were discharged from the hospital with per urethral catheter. On 21st post-operative day, routine cystogram was done in every patient before catheter removal to exclude the failure of the operation. RESULT Of the observed 47 patients, 66% were tracked back to their obstetric causes and 34% patients could be linked up to gynaecological aetiology like a complication of hysterectomy or after brachytherapy for carcinoma of cervix. In 23.4% of patients, the repair of fistula was done by vaginal route, whereas in 76.6% cases by abdominal approach. Overall success rate of surgical repair was 87.3%, which is comparable to the success rate mentioned in literature. CONCLUSION In spite of a decline in the incidence of vesicovaginal fistula in the western world, it is still highly prevalent in the developing countries. Prolonged obstructive labour was found as the most common aetiology of this devastating condition in our region. Timely intervention with meticulous surgical technique is essential for an acceptable success rate in fistula repair surgery. However, improved obstetric care, institutional delivery, high literacy rate

  12. Coronary Artery Fistula-Associated Endocarditis: Report of Two Cases and a Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fang; Cranston-D'Amato, Hope; Pearson, Anthony

    2015-12-01

    Coronary artery fistulae (CAF) are rare congenital anomalies and reported to have an incidence of 0.1-0.2% of all coronary angiograms. An association between fistulae and nonatherosclerotic coronary artery aneurysms is even more rare. In childhood, patients are mostly asymptomatic; however, patients older than 20 years old may present with signs of infective endocarditis, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, and aneurysm rupture. CAF are typically identified by coronary angiography; however, there are some limited studies showing that transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) can also be useful in identifying CAF. Here we report two cases of endocarditis secondary to congenital coronary artery fistulae draining into either a cardiac cavity or a coronary sinus, which were detected by TEE. Vegetations were found at the site of the fistulae drainage. Management for young patients is either percutaneous or surgical intervention. For elderly patients with multiple comorbidities, conservative treatment is another option. In these two cases, treating endocarditis with proper antibiotics and supportive treatment, the patients' conditions improved significantly.

  13. A Case of Migrating "Saf-T-Coil" Presenting With a Vesicovaginal Fistula and Vesicovaginal Calculus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Aideen; Aslam, Asadullah; Nusrat, Nadeem B

    2016-07-01

    Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are reliable method for contraception. Although, they are generally regarded as safe, serious consequences may occur in case of uterine perforation or intravesical migration. We present a rare case of a 74 year old lady with a forgotten IUD for 42 years resulting in intravesical migration, formation of vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) without uterine perforation, complete urinary incontinence, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) and a large vesicovaginal calculus. PMID:27335782

  14. Gastro-tracheal fistula - unusual and life threatening complication after esophagectomy for cancer: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Droissart Raphaël

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A gastro-tracheal fistula following esophagectomy for cancer is a rare but potentially lethal complication. We report the successful surgical closure after failed endoscopic treatment, of a gastro-tracheal fistula following esophago-gastrectomy for cancer after induction chemo-radiotherapy. Case presentation A 58 year-old male patient presented with a distal third uT3N1 carcinoma of the esophagus. After induction chemo-radiotherapy, he underwent an esophago-gastrectomy with radical lymphadenectomy and reconstruction by gastric pull-up. Immediate postoperative outcome was uneventful. On the 15th postoperative day however, our patient was readmitted in the Intensive Care Unit with severe bilateral basal pneumonia. Three days later a gastro-tracheal fistula was diagnosed upon gastroscopy and bronchoscopy. His good general condition allowed for an endoscopic primary approach which consisted in the insertion of a covered stent in the trachea along with clipping and glueing of the gastric fistular orifice. Two attempts proved unsuccessful. Conclusion After several weeks of conservative measures, surgical re-intervention through a right thoracotomy with transection of the fistula and closure by primary interrupted sutures of both fistular orifices along with intercostal muscle flap interposition led to excellent patient outcome. Oral feeding was started and our patient was discharged.

  15. [Childhood transverse sinus dural arteriovenous fistula treated with endovascular and direct surgery: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niizuma, Kuniyasu; Sakata, Hiroyuki; Koyama, Shinya; Kon, Hiroyuki; Chonan, Masashi; Sasaki, Tatsuya; Nishijima, Michiharu; Ezura, Masayuki; Tominaga, Teiji

    2012-11-01

    Infantile dural arteriovenous fistula is a rare cerebrovascular malformation carrying a poor prognosis with an anatomic cure of only 9%. Endovascular embolization is mainly selected to treat this entity, aiming to obtain normal development of the patients. We present a case of a 20-month-old girl with epilepsy. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a dural arteriovenous fistula involving the right transverse sinus. The arteriovenous fistula was fed by multiple dural branches from the middle meningeal, occipital, meningohypophyseal, and anteroinferior cerebellar arteries. The right transverse sinus was transvenously embolized with platinum coils. Although the shunt flow remained, the patient was liberated from epilepsy. Nine months later, the patient suffered from a recurrence of epilepsy. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated some increase in shunt flow. Right middle meningeal, occipital, posterior deep temporal, and tentorial arteries were transarterially embolized using N-butyl cyanoacrylate, followed by complete surgical resection of the right transverse sinus. The shunt flow disappeared after surgery, and her epilepsy improved significantly. Our experience suggests that the combination of endovascular and surgical treatment is effective for recurrent infantile dural arteriovenous fistula.

  16. Successful conservative management of a colorenal fistula complicating percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morgan Amir IS

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Colorenal fistula is a rare phenomenon and may complicate percutaneous cryoablation of renal cell carcinoma. Treatment remains controversial. Case presentation A 62-year-old Caucasian man presented with pneumaturia and left flank pain six weeks following ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoablation of two recurrent lesions in the left kidney 14 years after partial left nephrectomy for a left renal cell carcinoma. A computed tomography scan eight weeks after cryoablation revealed a cryoablated mass with adjacent stranding and adherent descending colon as well as bubbles of gas in the area of stranding, the left collecting system, and the bladder. These features were consistent with a colorenal fistula at the site of previous ablation. Successful resolution of the fistula, both clinical and radiological, was achieved following a complete conservative non-interventional out-patient approach. No ureteric stent or surgical intervention was employed. Conclusions In the absence of severe symptoms or sepsis, complete conservative management of a colorenal fistula complicating percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors should be considered prior to interventional stenting or resectional surgery.

  17. Long head of biceps femoris flap in anal fistula treatment: anatomical study and case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terryn, F X; Leonard, D; Chateau, F

    2015-01-01

    In case of complex anal fistulae, the treatment can include muscular flaps. The gracilis transposition flap is the gold-standard in perineal reconstructive surgery, with wide use during the past decades. However, in some cases, this flap is too short to reach difficult locations such as the posterior perineum. The long head of the biceps femoris, which has already been studied in the electrically stimulated neosphincter formation, could be more appropriate in such clinical situations. Furthermore, its potential advantages, amongst which an excellent functional outcome, would be to allow persistent prone position, during both treatment and reconstruction, as well as a more favorable intramuscular vascularisation. We report the case of a 39-year-old man with a complex recurrent transphincteric posterior anal fistula with an external orifice in the right buttock and complicated with a severe cellulitis, treated with an endo-anal flap combined with a long head of biceps femoris pediculised flap. PMID:26021955

  18. Internal auditory canal meningocele-perilabyrinthine/translabyrinthine fistula: Case report and imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truesdale, Carl M; Peterson, Ryan B; Hudgins, Patricia A; Vivas, Esther X

    2016-08-01

    The case of a 17-year-old patient with progressive unilateral sensorineural hearing loss and temporal bone malformations concerning for internal auditory canal meningocele with translabyrinthine/perilabyrinthine cerebrospinal fluid fistula is presented with associated computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. As the second reported case of an unruptured internal auditory canal meningocele with translabyrinthine/perilabyrinthine fistula, the case presents several clinically relevant points for otologists, neurotologists, and neuroradiologists. Although rare, it is an additional entity to consider as a cause of unilateral sensorineural hearing loss and may pose a risk for developing meningitis and possible "gushing" of cerebrospinal fluid should surgical intervention be attempted. Laryngoscope, 126:1931-1934, 2016. PMID:26651061

  19. Gastropericardial fistula complicating benign gastric ulcer: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simice, P.; Zwirewich, C.V. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver General Hospital, Dept. of Radiology, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2000-08-01

    Pneumopericardium is a rare radiologic finding and is most commonly associated with esophageal ulceration or trauma. Benign ulcers of the distal esophagus are the most frequent source of non-traumatic perforation into the pericardial sac. Other etiologies include fistula formation from diseased subdiaphragmatic hollow viscera or subphrenic abscess, recent cardiac surgery, an extension of pneumomediastinum into the pericardium sac, and primary septic pericarditis from gasforming organisms. Pneumopericardium caused by the penetration of a benign gastric ulcer is a recognized but rare phenomenon. Intrathoracic gastric perforations are more commonly associated with pneumomediastium. Risk factors associated with an increased risk of penetration of gastric ulcers into the pericardium include the presence of a giant ulcer in the gastric fundus, an ulcer within a hiatus hernia, a history of hiatus hernia repair, concurrent use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Scar tissue formation at the site of previous hiatal surgery may result in the adherence of the gastric fundus or lower esophagus to the pericardium and produce a pathway for benign ulcers to erode into the pericardium.

  20. Treatment of non-IBD anal fistula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundby, Lilli; Hagen, Kikke; Christensen, Peter;

    2015-01-01

    The course of the fistula tract in relation to the anal sphincter is identified by clinical examination under general anaesthesia using a fistula probe and injection of fluid into the external fistula opening. In the event of a complex fistula or in the case of fistula recurrence, this should be ...

  1. Pancreaticopleural fistulas of different origin: Report of two cases and a review of literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF), a form of internal pancreatic fistula, is a rare complication of acute or chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic trauma. Case Report: We report two cases of PPF resulting in formation of pleural pancreatic pseudocysts. A 35-year old male alcoholic patient with a history of recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis was admitted due to a severe dyspnea. A CT scan showed a significant left pleural effusion with a total left lung atelectasis, compression of the mediastinum, and dislocation of the left diaphragm. A follow-up CT showed a fistula between the abdominal pancreatic pseudocyst and the left pleural cavity. The second case was a 13-year-old male patient, who was admitted for a splenic stump excision. Two weeks after the surgery the patient presented a massive pleural amylase-rich effusion. CT exam suggested a PPF, which was indirectly confirmed by a thoracoscopy. Conclusions: PPF should be considered in cases of massive pleural effusion and encapsulated pleural fluid collections in patients with a history of acute pancreatitis and surgery involving pancreas. (authors)

  2. Pancreatico-Pleural and Bronchial Fistulae and Associated Pseudocysts: Case Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiran A Shetty

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Context Pancreatico-pleural fistula is rare complication of chronic or acute pancreatitis. Previous studies have reported imaging features and various management options of this condition including conservative/medical management, endoscopic treatments and surgery. This article reviews the myriad of imaging appearances of this condition in multimodality imaging and different strategies for the successful management in a short case series. Methods After obtaining the institutional ethics committee approval, retrospective review of the medical records of five patients of pancreatico-pleural fistulae who were diagnosed and successfully managed in our hospital in 2012 and 2013 was done. Follow up with out patient records of these patients was also included.Findings were compared with the current available literature on this entity. Results and discussion Pancreatico-pleural fistulae presents with massive pleural effusion. A high index of suspicion is essential for accurate diagnosis. Demonstration of the fistulous tracts requires cross sectional imaging with contrast enhanced CT being most commonly used and affords accurate diagnosis. MRI demonstrates the tracts and ductal disruptions with greater detail and are helpful in confirming the CT findings. Endoscopic ultrasound and ERCP also offer potential of diagnosis, although being technically demanding and invasive is reserved for interventions. Management of these conditions should be initially conservative with endoscopic stenting being offered in selected cases with favourable anatomy and not responding to conservative management. Surgery is reserved for cases not responding to conservative and endoscopic management. Conclusion In conclusion this case series highlights the clinical and imaging spectrum of pancreatico-pleural fistulae and provides insight into the different management strategies that can be adopted for this condition.

  3. Successful conservative management of a colorenal fistula complicating percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Morgan Amir IS; Doble Andrew; Davies R Justin

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Colorenal fistula is a rare phenomenon and may complicate percutaneous cryoablation of renal cell carcinoma. Treatment remains controversial. Case presentation A 62-year-old Caucasian man presented with pneumaturia and left flank pain six weeks following ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoablation of two recurrent lesions in the left kidney 14 years after partial left nephrectomy for a left renal cell carcinoma. A computed tomography scan eight weeks after cryoablation r...

  4. Post-traumatic persistent trigeminal artery-cavernous fistula: a case report and review of literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Wei-peng; HUANG Tian-zao; GAO Hong-zhi; YU Mao-qing; XU Chao-yang

    2009-01-01

    @@ Persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) is a rare abnor-mal vascular anastomosis connecting the internal ca-rotid artery (ICA) with the vertebrobasilar artery. The incidence is 0.1%-0.6% in adult cerebral angiography.1,2 We have recently treated a rare case of post-traumatic PTA-cavemous fistula. In this study, we discussed the mechanisms and treatment of this disease by review-ing literature.

  5. Enterobiliary Fistula as a Complication of Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis: a Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Han Myun; Woo, Ji Young [Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-06-15

    Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is an uncommon disease with variable clinical features characterized by eosinophilic infiltration. Clinical manifestations range from non-specific gastrointestinal complaints such as nausea, vomiting, crampy abdominal pain, and diarrhea to specific findings such as malabsorption, protein loosing enteropathy, luminal obstruction, eosinophilic ascites and effusion. We report here on a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis causing enterobiliary fistula which is an extremely unusual complication

  6. Recurrent pyriform sinus fistula successfully treated by endoscopic Glubran 2 sealing: A rare case and literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Nardo, Giovanni; Valentini, Valentino; Angeletti, Diletta; Frediani, Simone; Iannella, Giannicola; Cozzi, Denis; Roggini, Mario; Magliulo, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The authors present the case of a 3-year-old girl with a history of complicated surgery for removing a third branchial cleft fistula. Methods: An endoscopic approach using N-butyl-2-acrylate and metacrilosisolfolane glue (GLUBRAN 2) to seal the fistula was performed. Results: The clinical and radiological 6-year follow-up confirmed the absence of the fistulous orifice and the persistence of scar due to previous open-neck surgical procedures. Conclusion: endoscopic Glubran 2 sealing has been an effective treatment procedure for branchial fistula. PMID:27781098

  7. A Pancreaticobronchial Fistula Associated With Previous Trauma and Pancreas Pseudocysts: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venesmaa, Sari; Juvonen, Petri; Kettunen, Hannu-Pekka

    2013-01-01

    We describe a rare case of a pancreaticobronchial fistula caused by pancreatic pseudocysts due to previous trauma. A 54-year-old man with a history of traumatic hemothorax was referred to central hospital for investigations due to cough, dyspnea, vertigo and fever. An ultrasound scan and abdominal computed tomography scan showed huge pancreatic pseudocysts around the pancreas extending to the right side of the mediastinum with gas. The etiology for the pseudocysts was unconfirmed. First, the patient recovered with antibiotics and external pseudocyst drainage. After five months the patient started to suffer from respiratory symptoms again, such as coughing with sputum, dyspnea and mild fever. The computer tomography scan confirmed the pancreaticobronchial fistula as a diagnosis and the patient was referred to the university hospital for further treatment.

  8. Case report: misdiagnosis of tailgut cyst presenting as recurrent perianal fistula with pelvic abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kevin N; Young-Fadok, Tonia M; Carpentieri, David; Acosta, Juan M; Notrica, David M

    2013-02-01

    Tailgut cysts are uncommon lesions that usually occur within the presacral space. The relative rarity and nonspecific complaints associated with these lesions often lead to misdiagnosis or unnecessary procedures before the correct diagnosis is made. We describe a case of a 16-year-old female who presented with pelvic pain. She had previously undergone several procedures at an outside institution for recurrent perianal fistula and perirectal abscess. Subsequent evaluation under anesthesia revealed a presacral cystic mass with a well-developed tract within the anorectal ring in the posterior midline. This mass was surgically removed using a combined transanal and posterior sagittal excision technique and was found to be a tailgut cyst upon pathologic evaluation. Tailgut cysts and other presacral masses should be included in the differential for patients with recurrent abscess in the presacral space or fistula within the anal canal. A variety of surgical approaches are available depending on the anatomy of the lesion. PMID:23414899

  9. THORACOSCOPIC REPAIR OF ESOPHAGEAL ATRESIA WITH DISTAL FISTULA IN A NEW BORN: A TECHNICAL CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Brandigi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Esophageal atresia encompasses a group of congenital anomalies comprising of an interruption of the esophageal continuity with or without a persistent communication with the trachea. Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (type C accounts for 85% of all esophageal atresia. Minimally invasive approach to correct esophageal atresia with distal fistula is becoming more generally accepted. The outcome of these technique are critically analyzed and compared with results from open repair. We present one case of type IIIB esophageal atresia treated by a thoracoscopic approach. Case Report. The patient was a 2-days-old infant male, weight 3 kg with esophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula without other associated disease. A polidramanios was detected in prenatal age by a prenatal ultrasound evaluation. He underwent to a thoracoscopic repair of the defect. The operation was approached through the right chest using a three-trocar technique (three 5-mm with the patient placed in a three-quarter prone position. The azygos vein was ligated by Ligature device. The fistula was ligated by two resorbable stiches suture and dissected, the proximal esophagus was opened and an anastomosis was made over a 6 Ch nasogastric tube with interrupted and resorbable stiches suture. On the postoperative day 7, gastrografin swallow was performed and oral feeding was started. The patient’s six month upper Gastrointestinal barium studies was normal. Discussion and conclusion. Thoracoscopic repair of esophageal atresia is considered to be one of the more advanced and most difficult pediatric surgical procedures and it undoubtely has necessary an elevated learning curve. The minimally invasive approach was larged accepted in the last ten years also for the well documented sequelae of traditional open repair of esophageal atresia. More experience is needed to determine the exact place of this approach.

  10. STUDY OF ENTEROCUTANEOUS FISTULA

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    Arti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A fistula is defined as abnormal communication between two epithelial surfaces . 1 Enterocutaneous fistula is defined as abnormal communication between hollow organ and skin. They are classified as congenital or acquired. We have excluded congenital and internal fistulas. We have also excluded esophageal, urinary, p ancreatic and biliary fistulas as their management is complex and differs significantly from enterocutaneous fistulas. AIM: 1. Study of aetiology, pathophysiology and management of enterocutaneous fistula. To evaluate previously laid principles of management of enterocutaneous fistula. 2. To assess the feasibility of early intervention safety and outcome as the conservative long term treatment appears to be cost prohibitive. 3. To study morbidity and mortality related to enterocutaneous fistula. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In all, 50 cases of enterocutaneous fistula were studied during a period from June 2012 to N ovember 2014 at a Government tertiary care C entre. Both, patients referred from other centres with post - operative fistulas and fistulas developed in this institute after surgeries or spontaneously were included in the study after fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULT S : The maximum numbers of cases were between 39 - 48 years of age group. Spontaneous closure was achieved in 72.7% and surgical closure in 76.7% of the patients Vacuum assisted closure was achieved in 66.66% of the patients in whom VAC was used. Of the patients in whom octreotide was used closure was achieved in 66.66% of the patients. The association between serum albumin levels and fistula healing and between fistula output and mortality were statistically significant. Overall mortality in this study was 26% with 44.44% among referred cases and 15.625% among institutional cases.

  11. One-stage laparoscopic-assisted resection of gastrojejunocolic fistula after gastrojejunostomy for duodenal ulcer: a case report

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    Takemura Masashi

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Gastrojejunocolic fistula is a rare condition after gastrojejunostomy. It was thought to be a late complication related to stomal ulcers as a result of inadequate gastrectomy or incomplete vagotomy. We report a case of gastrojejunocolic fistula after gastrojejunostomy for peptic ulcer treated with one-stage laparoscopic resection. Case presentation A 41-year-old Japanese man complained of diarrhea for 10 months, as well as severe weight loss and weakness. After admission, we immediately started intravenous hyperalimentation. On performing colonoscopy and barium swallow, gastrojejunocolic fistula was observed close to the gastrojejunostomy site leading to the transverse colon. After our patient's nutritional status had improved, one-stage surgical intervention was performed laparoscopically. After the operation, our patient recovered uneventfully and his body weight increased by 5 kg within three months. Conclusions Modern management of gastrojejunocolic fistula is a one-stage resection because of the possibility of early recovery from malnutrition using parenteral nutritional methods. Today, laparoscopic one-stage en bloc resection may be feasible for patients with gastrojejunocolic fistula due to the development of laparoscopic instruments and procedures. We describe the first case of gastrojejunocolic fistula treated laparoscopically by one-stage resection and review the literature.

  12. A Case of Femoral Arteriovenous Fistula Causing High-Output Cardiac Failure, Originally Misdiagnosed as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Porter

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Percutaneous arterial catheterisation is commonly undertaken for a range of diagnostic and interventional procedures. Iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistulas are an uncommon complication of these procedures. Most are asymptomatic and close spontaneously, but can rarely increase in size leading to the development of symptoms. We report a case of an iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistula, causing worsening congestive cardiac failure, in a 34-year-old marathon runner. This was originally diagnosed as chronic fatigue syndrome. Following clinical examination, duplex ultrasound, and CT angiography a significant arteriovenous fistula was confirmed. Elective open surgery was performed, leading to a dramatic and rapid improvement in symptoms. Femoral arteriovenous fistulas have the potential to cause significant haemodynamic effects and can present many years after the initial procedure. Conservative, endovascular, and open surgical management strategies are available.

  13. Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistula in infancy: a case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraneburg, U M; Nga, V D W; Ting, E Y S; Hui, F K H; Lwin, S; Teo, C; Chou, N; Yeo, T T

    2014-02-01

    Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) are rare vascular malformation especially in the first 2 years of life. The pathology in this age group is associated with greater morbidity and mortality. We report a rare case of 36-day-old male infant with a pial AVF associated with an arterial aneurysm, who presented with intraventricular hemorrhage and hydrocephalus. In addition, an online review of the literatures on pediatric pial AVF was performed using PubMed on published case reports and articles from 1980 to April 2013.

  14. Aneurysmal portahepatic venous fistula: Report of two cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two cases are reported of congenital intrahepatic portacaval shunts in middle-aged women who had encephalopathy or hypoglycemia. Real-time ultrasound (US) investigations revealed vascular communication between the left portal and hepatic veins in one patient and communication between the right portal and hepatic veins in the other. These findings were confirmed using angiography with pressure measurement. One patient underwent surgery; the other received dietetic treatment. The findings in these two cases are compared with those of three previously reported cases

  15. [Surgery of anal fistulas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricchi, E; Carriero, A; Spallanzani, A; Fundarò, S; Heydari, A; Piccoli, M; Gelmini, R

    1997-06-01

    The authors report a study on 120 patients with anal fistula (111 males and 9 females). The average age was 44.3 years (median 44, SD +/- 14.807). 64.1% of patients had an intersphincteric fistula, 23.3% hanal transphincteric fistula, 1.6% a suprasphincteric fistula, 7.5% a horseshoe fistula and the 3.3% an extrasphincteric fistula. We treated 14 patients (11.66%) with direct surgical treatment. The other 106 had various types of treatment depending on the localisation and the involvement of the anorectal sphincter. We had 11 cases (9.1%) of complications, such as recurrence in 5 patients (4.1%) transitory incontinence in 2 cases (1.6%) and finally postoperative bleeding in 3 patients (2.5%). PMID:9324655

  16. The importance of venous hypertension in the formation of dural arteriovenous fistulas: a case report of multiple fistulas remote from sinus thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various hypotheses have been reported concerning the pathogenesis of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs). However, it is still controversial whether sinus thrombosis or venous hypertension has a greater influence on the formation of DAVFs. We present a rare case of multiple DAVFs that developed after sinus thrombosis. Chronic venous hypertension secondary to sinus thrombosis in the left transverse-sigmoid sinus induced the multiple DAVFs, including one in the right cavernous sinus, which was remote from the occluded sinus. This case indicates the importance of venous hypertension in the formation of DAVFs. (orig.)

  17. Cholecysto-cutaneous fistula and hepatic lymphoma: Case report and literature review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Aguayo R.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Fistula is an abnormal transmural communication between two epithelized surfaces. Its formation occurs throughout inflammatory or neoplastic process that produces erosion of adjacent structures. The cholecysto-cutaneous fistula (CCF is a rare biliary pathology; a total of 226 cases have been reported until now. CASE REPORT: Eighty three-year-old male patient, with no previous surgical history, who has presented, throughout the 3 past years, volume increase, pain and erythema on the right hypochondrium. During this period, he was diagnosed with a perihepatic abscess and a CCF, detected through computed tomography (CT scan, and treated with surgical drainage and antibiotherapy. In ambulatory follow up, the patient persisted with pain, malaise and permanent seropurulent secretion through the CCF. The patient is re-hospitalized for cholecystectomy and drainage of the perihepatic abscess, which contained multiple gallbladder calculus and communicated with the gallbladder. Biopsy is performed, and its findings inform the presence of connective and smooth muscle tissue infiltrated with lymphoid malignant neoplasia, and extensive areas of necrosis, compatible with hepatic lymphoma. A new CT scan, showed a large mass in the right hepatic lobe. The patient is studied by the oncologic committee, who decided to give him palliative care. DISCUSSION: The hepatic lymphoma is a hepatic tumor of a very low frequency. In this case, the hepatic lymphoma is presented in the context of a biliary pathology complication, the CCF. The coexistence of both of these conditions has been reported in few cases, especially our national media and statistics.

  18. Hemiparesis in carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs):a case report and review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧晓; 白如林; 黄承光; 卢亦成; 张光霁

    2004-01-01

    @@ Carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) are abnormal arteriovenous anastamoses between the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. These fistulas may be classified by cause (spontaneous or traumatic), flow velocity (high or low ), or pathogenesis (direct or indirect).

  19. A rare case of congenital vesico-uterine fistula

    OpenAIRE

    Parul Sinha; Nisha Rani Agrawal

    2014-01-01

    Herein we report the case of a patient with primary amenorrhea and cyclical menouria. The patient was a 20 years female with primary amenorrhea. Clinical examination revealed normal external genitilia. A mature female pubic hair pattern was present, and axillary development was normal. Breast was normally developed. Intraoperatively, a congenital vesico-uterine fistulous tract was observed. Repair was done. The patient has been regularly menstruating since the operation. [Int J Reprod Contrac...

  20. A rare case of congenital vesico-uterine fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parul Sinha

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Herein we report the case of a patient with primary amenorrhea and cyclical menouria. The patient was a 20 years female with primary amenorrhea. Clinical examination revealed normal external genitilia. A mature female pubic hair pattern was present, and axillary development was normal. Breast was normally developed. Intraoperatively, a congenital vesico-uterine fistulous tract was observed. Repair was done. The patient has been regularly menstruating since the operation. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2014; 3(4.000: 1125-1126

  1. Temporary ileostomy for the preservation of colon fistula in patients with postoperative complications: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solaine Chiminácio De Oliveira Patrício

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Among the postoperative complications in the digestive system, the fistulae are the most common ones. The changes resulting from these fistulae are very important, once they can determine the patient's situation and the development of multiple organic failures. This paper reports the case of a patient who had relevant complications after having undergone temporary ileostomy to maintain the colon fistulized. About 90 to 95% of the digestive tract fistulae have spontaneous resolution. In some cases, the general state of the patient compromises the spontaneous closure. In this study, after one month of nutritional support and medicine treatment, the spontaneous closure of the colon fistula did not occur, thus, a surgical intervention was necessary to solve the case.Dentre as complicações pós-operatórias do aparelho digestório, as fístulas apresentam alta incidência. As alterações decorrentes dessas fístulas são muito importantes, pois podem determinar o agravamento do estado geral do paciente e o desenvolvimento de insuficiências orgânicas múltiplas. O presente trabalho relata o caso de um paciente com complicações relevantes após a realização de uma ileostomia temporária para preservação do cólon fistulizado. A maioria (90-95% das fístulas do trato digestório tem resolução espontânea; entretanto, em alguns casos, o estado geral do paciente compromete o fechamento espontâneo. No caso em estudo, após um mês de suporte nutricional e tratamento medicamentoso, o fechamento espontâneo da fístula de cólon não ocorreu, sendo necessária a intervenção cirúrgica para resolução do caso.

  2. Delayed diagnosis of hemoptysis in the case of prior aortic coarctation repair: A case report of aortobronchial fistula

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    Vinay Kansal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 46-year old man who presented with spontaneous bright red blood per mouth for several months. The patient had history of aortic coarctation repair at age 17. Endoscopy and nasopharyngeoscopy revealed no source of bleeding. Computed tomography scan revealed the presence of thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm with the formation of an aortobronchial fistula (ABF. This case illustrates the high index of suspicion for ABF in the case of hemoptysis or hematemesis with prior history of coarctation repair. Furthermore, we discuss the role of thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR as the standard of repair over open surgery.

  3. Giant Pseudoaneurysm Associated with Arteriovenous Fistula of the Brachial and Femoral Arteries following Gunshot Wounds: Report of Two Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel, Handy Eone; Firmin, Ankouane; Angele, Pondy O.; Esthelle, Minka Ngom; Freddy, Bombah; Bernadette, Ngo Nonga

    2015-01-01

    Posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm associated with arteriovenous fistula of the upper or lower limb is exceptional. We are reporting herein the history of two cases in civil life that have been followed and repaired in our service. Both patients were shot more than a year before being referred to our tertiary hospital for an enlarging mass which was a pseudoaneurysm associated with an arteriovenous fistula. The aneurysm was repaired and the fistula closed. Due to the absence of well-trained professionals, vascular injuries and their complications are usually discovered late in Cameroon while these pseudoaneurysms can reach very dramatic sizes. This presentation intends to raise the attention on a careful clinical exam and search of vascular lesion in the case of penetrating wound of the limb associated with profuse bleeding. PMID:25705543

  4. Giant Pseudoaneurysm Associated with Arteriovenous Fistula of the Brachial and Femoral Arteries following Gunshot Wounds: Report of Two Cases

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    Handy Eone Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm associated with arteriovenous fistula of the upper or lower limb is exceptional. We are reporting herein the history of two cases in civil life that have been followed and repaired in our service. Both patients were shot more than a year before being referred to our tertiary hospital for an enlarging mass which was a pseudoaneurysm associated with an arteriovenous fistula. The aneurysm was repaired and the fistula closed. Due to the absence of well-trained professionals, vascular injuries and their complications are usually discovered late in Cameroon while these pseudoaneurysms can reach very dramatic sizes. This presentation intends to raise the attention on a careful clinical exam and search of vascular lesion in the case of penetrating wound of the limb associated with profuse bleeding.

  5. Detachable Balloon Embolization of an Arterioportal Fistula Following Liver Biopsy in a Liver Transplant Recipient: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of an intrahepatic arterioportal fistula in a 61-year-old female liver transplant recipient. The patient presented with massive ascites 7 months after a percutaneous liver biopsy. A large fistula between the right hepatic artery and the right portal vein was diagnosed on color Doppler ultrasound and confirmed on arteriography. The fistula was successfully embolized with the detachable balloon technique and the ascites resolved. Symptomatic intrahepatic arterioportal fistula in a liver transplant recipient following percutaneous biopsy is rare. Clinical manifestations, surgical or endovascular therapy, and outcome are discussed. The literature on this subject is reviewed

  6. [Surgery for excision of malignant duodenocolic fistulas. Review of the literature apropos of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Treut, Y P; Echimane, A; Maurin, B; Maillet, B; Bricot, R

    1984-01-01

    Malignant duodenocolic fistula is nearly exclusively the fact of carcinoma of the hepatic flexure; it is one of the most uncommon and particular evolutive complication, because of its rapid nutritional disturbances and difficult surgical management. The authors report the case of a 78 year old man, still alive 18 months after a one staged right colectomy and pancreatico duodenectomy. The analysis of 26 others cases from literature treated with the same procedure or, most frequently, with right colectomy and partial duodenectomy allows to discuss indications and results of radical surgery: though it is possible at least in half cases, it represent a much better functional solution compared to complex by-pass procedures: more over its seems to be prognostically justifiable: out of 23 curative resected patients in this series, 6 at least (26%) are still alive from 9 to 26 years after. PMID:6090484

  7. Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis with prostato-rectal fistula: a case report and review of the literature

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    Xing L

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Liyong Xing, Zhifei Liu, Gang Deng, Huan Wang, Yanfeng Zhu, Peng Shi, Bingyue Huo, Yindong Li Department of Urology, Tangshan People’s Hospital, Tangshan, People’s Republic of China Purpose: Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis (XP is a rare form of nonspecific granulomatous prostatitis that can clinically mimic high-grade prostatic carcinoma. It is difficult to diagnose it definitely in clinical settings. Methods: We report a case of XP with prostate-rectal fistula and review the relevant literatures. Result: A 75-year-old man presented with rectal bleeding when he urinated. A locally advanced carcinoma of prostate was suspected initially following the physical, imaging, and hematologic examinations. Subsequently on histopathological and immunohistochemical staining after needle biopsy of the prostate, a diagnosis of XP was made definitely. The patient was catheterized temporarily and treated with tamsulosin and estrogen. The patient underwent uneventful recovery after this conservative therapy. Conclusion: Histologic and immunohistochemical analyses are valuable in differentially diagnosing XP from high-grade prostate carcinoma. Treatment strategy of XP in principle is recommended to be the conservative method. Long-term follow-up earns are highly regarded considering the possibility of coexisting prostate cancer. Keywords: xanthogranulomatous prostatitis, prostate-rectal fistula

  8. Unilateral pulmonary agenesis associated with oesophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula: A case report with prenatal diagnosis

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    Go Miyano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe herein a case of unilateral pulmonary agenesis (PA with oesophageal atresia (EA/tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF that was diagnosed prenatally and repaired by esophagoesophagostomy with stable postoperative course. The patient was born at 34 weeks gestation, after ultrasonography at 22 weeks gestation showed possible right-sided diaphragmatic eventration or PA and EA was subsequently suspected due to hydramnios. The initial X-ray showed mediastinal shift to the right, and coil up sign of the nasogastric tube, without intracardiac anomaly. Immediately after the diagnosis of EA/TEF and unilateral PA on day 0, the patient was intubated in the operating room, and a gastrostomy tube was placed. After pulmonary status stabilized, at 4 days old, EA/TEF was repaired through a thoracotomy in the right 4 th intercostal space. The right main bronchus was noted to continue into the distal oesophagus; this fistula was ligated and divided, and a single-layer esophagoesophagostomy was performed under mild tension with one vertebral gap. The neonate was maintained on mechanical ventilation and gradually weaned to extubation at 7 days old. The postoperative course was uneventful, with the exception of prolonged jaundice that emerged at 3 months old. Laparoscopic cholangiography at that time excluded biliary atresia, and jaundice resolved spontaneously. The patient has not shown any respiratory symptoms or feeding difficulties as of the 12-month follow-up.

  9. Successful treatment of an iatrogenic hepatic arteriobiliary fistula with an endobiliary covered stent graft: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hepatic arteriobiliary fistula is a rare cause of hemobilia following percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage for treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Hemobilia related to arterial injury is resistant to conservative treatment. Therefore, transarterial embolization after confirmation of bleeding vessels on an angiogram is generally considered as the first line of treatment to stop arterial bleeding. However, in high risk situations such as a hepatic infarction by arterial embolization, the endobiliary approach with a covered stent can be considered as an alternative treatment method. The authors report a case of iatrogenic arteriobiliary fistula in a patient with hilar cholangiocarcinoma which was successfully controlled by an endobiliary covered stent graft

  10. A case of biliary gastric fistula following percutaneous radiofrequency thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Angela Falco; Dante Orlando; Roberto Sciarra; Luciano Sergiacomo

    2007-01-01

    Percutaneous radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFA) is an effective and safe therapeutic modality in the management of liver malignancies, performed with ultrasound guidance. Potential complications of RFA include liver abscess, ascites, pleural effusion, skin burn,hypoxemia, pneumothorax, subcapsular hematoma,hemoperitoneum, liver failure, tumour seeding, biliary lesions. Here we describe for the first time a case of biliary gastric fistula occurred in a 66-year old man with a Child's class A alcoholic liver cirrhosis as a complication of RFA of a large hepatocellular carcinoma lesion in the Ⅲ segment. Tn the light of this case, RFA with injection of saline between the liver and adjacent gastrointestinal tract, as well as laparoscopic RFA, ethanol injection (PET),or other techniques such as chemoembolization, appear to be more indicated than percutaneous RFA for large lesions close to the gastrointestinal tract.

  11. Acquired aortocameral fistula occurring late after infective endocarditis: An emblematic case and review of 38 reported cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Said, Salah A M; Mariani, Massimo A

    2016-01-01

    AIM To delineate the features and current therapeutic option of congenital and acquired aortocameral fistulas (ACF) secondary to iatrogenic or infectious disorders. METHODS From a PubMed search using the term "aortocameral fistula", 30 suitable papers for the current review were retrieved. Reviews, case series and case reports published in English were considered. Abstracts and reports from scientific meetings were not included. A total of 38 reviewed subjects were collected and analyzed. In addition, another case - an adult male who presented with ACF between commissures of the right and non-coronary sinuses and right atrium as a late complication of Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis of the AV - is added, the world literature is briefly reviewed. RESULTS A total of thirty-eight subjects producing 39 fistulas were reviewed, analyzed and stratified into either congenital (47%) or acquired (53%) according to their etiology. Of all subjects, 11% were asymptomatic and 89% were symptomatic with dyspnea (21 ×) as the most common presentation. Diagnosis was established by a multidiagnostic approach in 23 (60%), single method in 14 (37%) (echocardiography in 12 and catheterization in 2), and at autopsy in 2 (3%) of the subjects. Treatment options included percutaneous transcatheter closure in 12 (30%) with the deployment of the Amplatzer duct or septal occluder and Gianturco coil and surgical correction in 24 (63%). CONCLUSION Acquired ACF is an infrequent entity which may occur late after an episode of endocarditis of the native AV. The management of ACF is generally by surgical correction but non-surgical device intervention has recently been introduced as a safe alternative. PMID:27621777

  12. Spontaneous aortocaval fistula.

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    Rajmohan B

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous aortocaval fistula is rare, occurring only in 4% of all ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. The physical signs can be missed but the presence of low back pain, palpable abdominal aortic aneurysm, machinery abdominal murmur and high-output cardiac failure unresponsive to medical treatment should raise the suspicion. Pre-operative diagnosis is crucial, as adequate preparation has to be made for the massive bleeding expected at operation. Successful treatment depends on management of perioperative haemodynamics, control of bleeding from the fistula and prevention of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Surgical repair of an aortocaval fistula is now standardised--repair of the fistula from within the aneurysm (endoaneurysmorraphy followed by prosthetic graft replacement of the aneurysm. A case report of a 77-year-old woman, initially suspected to have unstable angina but subsequently diagnosed to have an aortocaval fistula and surgically treated successfully, is presented along with a review of literature.

  13. Ileorectal fistula due to a rectal cancer—A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Takahashi, Minoru; Fukuda, Takahiro

    2010-01-01

    A 51-year-old man was seen at our hospital because of diarrhea. Barium enema and colonoscopy revealed a cancer in the lower rectum and fistula formation from the site to ileum. Resection of the rectal cancer and ileorectal fistula was performed. Histologically, the resected lesion was mucinous adenocarcinoma with contiguous invasion from the rectum to the ileum. The patient is alive with no sign of recurrence 120 months after operation. Fistula formation between the colon and other gastrointe...

  14. Tunica vaginalis: An aid in hypospadias fistula repair: Our experience of 14 cases

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    Yogender Singh Kadian

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Urethrocutaneous fistula is the most common complication of hypospadias surgery. The correction of such fistula is associated with a failure rate of 10 to 40%. The step in successful repair of a fistula is separation of the suture lines in the urethra and skin using well vascularized elastic tissue. We report our experience of using the tunica vaginalis flap as a layer between the neourethra and skin suture line in repair of recurrent urethrocutaneous fistula. Patients and Methods: We have used the tunica vaginalis flap for the repair of recurrent urethrocutaneous fistula in 14 children with a mean age of 6.5 years (range 3-14 years. All patients had undergone previous hypospadias repair and at least one previous attempt to close the fistula had failed. Surgery was initiated by injecting a povidone solution via urethral meatus to identify all fistulae. The fistulae were closed primarily and urethral suture line was covered with a flap of tunica vaginalis which was harvested either through a small scrotal incision and mobilized via a subcutaneous tunnel into the penile shaft (8/14 or by the same incision as for fistula closure (6/14. The testis was fixed to the scrotum. A urethral catheter was kept for urinary diversion for 10 days. Results: The repair was successful in all but one patient in whom there was leak from the fistula site. One patient in whom tunica vaginalis fascia was tunnelled into neourethra developed scrotal haematoma which needed drainage. Penile cosmesis was acceptable without any significant postoperative testicular complication in 13/14 patients. Conclusion: Repair of recurrent urethrocutaneous fistula with a tunica vaginalis flap is highly effective regardless of fistula location. This flap is easy to mobilize and provide effective coverage of urethral suture line. Putting a glove drain should be considered into scrotal wound if perfect haemostasis is doubtful.

  15. PILONIDAL DISEASE MIMICKING AS FISTULA-IN ANO - A R ARE CASE REPORT

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    Pradeep Kumar

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Pilonidal disease (cyst, abscess and sinus typical ly occur in the midline of the sacrococcygeal skin of young men. Pi lonidal disease has been described in other parts of the body, such as the hands, umbilicus, axi llae, and external genitalia. The following paper describes an unusual presentation of a pilonidal cyst with perianal drainage. Four cases were initially reported in 1948. A literature review found an additional 19 reported cases of pilonidal disease associated with a perianal fistula. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 56- year- old male came with a chief complaint of peri-anal drainag e for 3 months. He had persistent irritation associated with intermittent discharge a nd pain from his peri-anal region. Physical examination revealed a tender external perianal openi ng with a small amount of purulent drainage. A transrectal ultrasound revealed a sinus tract without any internal anal communication DISCUSSION: Chronic pilonidal disease is associated with sinus tract formation which is almost exclusively limited to the sacrococ cygeal region but pilonidal disease has been described in other parts of the body, such as the ha nds, umbilicus, axillae, and external genitalia. The following paper describes an unusual presentation of a pilonidal cyst with perianal drainage. CONCLUSION: Although Pilonidal sinus usually occurs in sacroco ccygeal region, the other sites should also be kept in mind and whenever internal opening of fistula-in-ano is not easily evident, it is better to get MRI or TRUS to make a definitive diagnosis as the two conditions can mimic each other

  16. Outcome of Kidney Allografts in Recipients With a Femoral Arteriovenous Fistula: Report of Two Cases

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    Denise M.D. Özdemir-van Brunschot

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Two patients, who were on hemodialysis over a femoral arteriovenous fistula, were transplanted in our center. Despite adequate blood pressure, perfusion of the renal allograft remained poor after completion of the vascular anastomoses. Ligation of the femoral arteriovenous fistula (1.6 L/min led to adequate perfusion. Initial graft function was good. Although it remains unclear whether ischemia of a renal allograft is caused by venous hypertension or vascular steal due to a femoral arteriovenous fistula, it might be necessary to ligate a femoral arteriovenous fistula to obtain adequate graft perfusion.

  17. Aortoenteric Fistula

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    Shou-Jiang Tang

    2014-04-01

    Conclusions: Diagnosis of aortoenteric fistula requires a high index of suspicion and careful history-taking. Endoscopic findings include adherent clots or bleeding at the fistula opening and/or eroded vascular graft or stent into the bowel.

  18. Absent upper blind Pouch in a case of tracheo-esophageal fistula

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    Man Mohan Harjai

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A common upper airway and digestive tract is a rare congenital anomaly that is usually fatal and its exact incidence is not known. It is a diagnostic challenge as it requires high index of suspicion. It should be considered in a neonate with respiratory distress in a non-vigorous baby requiring endotracheal intubation, which is difficult even in expert hand. We present a newborn with suspected tracheo-esophageal fistula that was diagnosed intraoperatively to have absent upper blind pouch of the esophagus and on autopsy found to have laryngeal atresia with absent vocal cords and a common aerodigestive tract continuing distally with trachea. The neonate was ventilated with endotracheal tube (ETT placement which in retrospect we came to know that it was in the esophagus. The neonate also had associated multiple congenital anomalies of VACTERL association. The importance of teamwork between neonatologist, pediatric surgeon, anesthesiologist, and radiologist is highlighted for diagnosis and management of such rare cases.

  19. Case of bronchoesophageal fistula with gastric perforation due to multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chan; Sung; Park; Kwang; won; Seo; Chang; Ryul; Park; Yang; Won; Nah; Jae; Hee; Suh

    2014-01-01

    Gastric perforation and tuberculous bronchoesophageal fistula(TBEF) are very rare complications of extrapulmonary tuberculosis(TB). We present a case of pulmonary TB with TBEF and gastric perforation caused by a multidrug-resistant tuberculosis strain in a nonacquired immune deficiency syndrome male patient.The patient underwent total gastrectomy with Rouxen-Y end-to-side esophagojejunostomy and feeding jejunostomy during intravenous treatment with anti-TB medication, and esophageal reconstruction with colonic interposition and jejunocolostomy were performed successfully after a full course of anti-TB medication.Though recent therapies for TBEF have favored medication, patients with severe stenosis or perforation require surgery and medication with anti-TB drugs basedupon adequate culture and drug susceptibility testing.

  20. Clinical Manifestations of Aortocaval Fistulas in Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Report of Two Cases

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    Emmanouil D. Psathas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aortocaval fistula (ACF is an unusual complication of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, involving less than 3–6% of all ruptured cases. The clinical presentation is often obscure, depending on the coexistence of retroperitoneal rupture and hemodynamic instability. Prompt preoperative diagnosis is essential in order to plan the operative approach and improve patient’s outcome. We report the surgical treatment of two patients presented in the emergency department with ACF due to ruptured AAA, each with different clinical presentation, emphasizing the high index of suspicion needed by the clinician to early diagnose and treat this often lethal condition. Operative strategy and special considerations in the management of this subgroup of patients are also discussed.

  1. A rare case: Spontaneous cutaneous fistula of infected splenic hydatid cyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kemal Kismet; Ali Haldun Ozcan; Mehmet Zafer Sabuncuoglu; Cem Gencay; Bulent Kilicoglu; Ceyda Turan; Mehmet Ali Akkus

    2006-01-01

    Hydatid disease is caused by the larval stage of the genus Echinococcus. Live hydatid cysts can rupture into physiologic channels, free body cavities or adjacent organs. Although hydatid disease can develop anywhere in the human body, the liver is the most frequently involved organ, followed by the lungs. Cysts of the spleen are unusual. There are only five case reports of spontaneous cutaneous fistulization of liver hydatid cysts in the literature. But there isn't any report about cutaneous fistula caused by splenic hydatid cyst. We report a first case of spontaneous cutaneous fistula of infected splenic hydatid cyst.A 43-year-old man was admitted to our Emergency Service with abdominal pain and fluid drainage from the abdominal wall. He has been suffering from a reddish swelling on the abdominal wall skin for four months.After a white membrane had been protruded out from his abdominal wall, he was admitted to our Emergency Service. On physical examination, a white membrane was seen to protrude out from the 2cm× 1cm skin defect on the left superolateral site of the umblicus. Large,complex, cystic and solid mass of 9.5 cm-diameter was located in the spleen on ultrasonographic examination.At operation, partial cystectomy and drainage was performed. After the operation, he was given a dosage of 10 mg/kg per day of albendazole, divided into three doses. He was discharged on the postoperative 10th d.It should be kept in mind that splenic hydatid cysts can cause such a rare complication.

  2. Management of an extrasphincteric fistula in an HIV-positive patient by using fibrin glue: a case report with tips and tricks

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    Sapalidis Konstantinos

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Individuals with impaired immunity are at higher risk of perianal diseases. Concerning complex anal fistulas impaired healing and complication rates are also higher. Definitive treatment of a fistula aims controlling the purulent discharge and prevents its recurrence. It depends mainly on the trajectory of the fistula and the underlying disease. We present a case of a HIV-positive patient with a complex extrasphincteric anal fistula who was treated successfully with fibrin glue application. We further, discuss tips and tricks when applying fibrin glue as plugging material in complex anal fistulas. Case presentation A sixty-one-year-old HIV-positive male referred to us for warts and extrasphincteric fistula. Because of the patients' immunological status, we opted against surgery and recommended fibrin glue plugging. The patient was discharged the same day. A follow-up examination was performed 5 days after the initial fibrin glue application showing that the fistula canal was obstructed. Three months and a year post-intervention the fistula tract remains closed. Conclusion The best treatment for a disease gives at least the same result with the other treatments with minimised risk for the life of the patient and minimal application effort. Conservative closure of fistula with fibrin plugging is simple, safe and with less morbidity than surgery. Our patient was successfully treated without endangering his life despite his precarious medical state. Not everybody believes in the effectiveness of fibrin glue application, however we consider this solution in cases of complex fistulas at least as primary procedure in special populations such as the immunosupressed.

  3. Ileorectal fistula due to a rectal cancer-A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Minoru; Fukuda, Takahiro

    2011-01-01

    A 51-year-old man was seen at our hospital because of diarrhea. Barium enema and colonoscopy revealed a cancer in the lower rectum and fistula formation from the site to ileum. Resection of the rectal cancer and ileorectal fistula was performed. Histologically, the resected lesion was mucinous adenocarcinoma with contiguous invasion from the rectum to the ileum. The patient is alive with no sign of recurrence 120 months after operation. Fistula formation between the colon and other gastrointestinal tract organs is very rare, especially for rectal cancer. Fistula-forming colorectal cancers are rarely found to have metastatic lesions in the liver, peritoneum and lymph nodes despite their invasive behavior; accordingly, curative resection involving partial resection of the intestine with fistula is expected. PMID:22096678

  4. A Case of Migrating “Saf-T-Coil” Presenting With a Vesicovaginal Fistula and Vesicovaginal Calculus

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    Aideen Madden

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Intrauterine devices (IUDs are reliable method for contraception. Although, they are generally regarded as safe, serious consequences may occur in case of uterine perforation or intravesical migration. We present a rare case of a 74 year old lady with a forgotten IUD for 42 years resulting in intravesical migration, formation of vesicovaginal fistula (VVF without uterine perforation, complete urinary incontinence, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs and a large vesicovaginal calculus.

  5. Aortoesophageal fistula as a complication of thoracic aorta aneurism stent grafting – a case report and literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endovascular stent grafting is performed in patients with aneurysms of aorta or other major vessels. The procedure is considered to be generally safe, with a low risk of complications, the most common of which include endoleaks, stenosis or thrombosis at the stagraft and itsmigration. Very rare complications include aortoesophageal and aortobronchial fistulas (0.5–1.7% cases). A 64-year-old patient was admitted to our hospital with suspected aortoesophageal fistula. Two years prior, the patient had undergone a stent graft repair of the thoracic aorta at the local vascular surgery clinic. Both laboratory results and CT angiography revealed aortoesophageal fistula, which was also detected in endoscopic examination. Despite intensive treatment and preparation for surgery, the patient died 6 days after admission. Aortoesophageal and aortobronchial fistulas are among the most dangerous and difficult-to-treat complications in the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms by endovascular stent-grafting. This clearly indicates that preventive care and regular medical examinations are important to prevent their occurrence

  6. [Treatment of carotid-cavernous fistula using a detachable balloon catheter--a case report and review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chono, Y; Abe, H; Sasaki, H; Abe, S; Takei, H; Koiwa, M; Saito, H

    1983-01-01

    A case of post-traumatic carotid cavernous fistula, successfully treated by a detachable balloon catheter, is reported. A 55-year-old housewife was admitted to the author's department on 25th August, 1980. Three months prior to admission, she complained of right tinnitus following a traffic accident and then developed right chemosis and exophthalmus. A selective right internal carotid angiography revealed rapid filling of the carotid cavernous fistula. Under general anesthesia, the patient was treated by the maneuver after Debrun. Since it appeared necessary to employ the second balloon, the first one was released gently being inflated only with the contrast medium. During the procedure, the neck of the balloon was incidentally snapped upward and, then, the fistula was eventually occluded preserving the carotid flow as was verified by a control angiography. The bruit was abolished immediately after the procedure and all ocular symptoms disappeared during the following a few weeks. A skull film showed a deflation of the balloon at 4 weeks postoperatively, but clinical and angiographic follow-up examinations at 9 months thereafter revealed no signs or symptoms of recurrence. This Debrun's procedure is being widely accepted for a carotid cavernous fistula as a relatively simpler, safer, and more effective one comparing with the conventional methods. Our experiment on dogs, however, indicated that rupture of the balloon is not always avoidable even with a smaller volume than its maximum capacity and some resistance was felt during introduction of the co-axial catheter. Thus, it appeared mandatory to improve and quality control the balloon and the catheter. In the case presented here, a follow-up angiography showed no recurrence of the fistula except for an asymptomatic pseud-aneurysmal pouch, even though the balloon was inflated only with the contrast medium and was deflated within 4 weeks. These findings suggest possibility of successful, and long-lasting outcome

  7. Endovascular diagnosis and therapy for traumatic arteriovenous fistulas:an analysis of 108 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To analyze the clinical features, angiographic manifestations, angiographic techniques and the optimal therapeutic schemes for traumatic arteriovenous fistulae (AVF). Methods: The clinical data and interventional therapeutic results of all patients with traumatic arteriovenous fistulas encountered at Kings County Hospital Center during the period of 1977-2005 were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. The items for analysis included the mechanism of injury, the clinical manifestations, the traumatic sites, abnormal angiographic findings, the presence or absence of false aneurysm, the flow dynamic characteristics of AVFs, which was divided into five patterns, and the method of treatment. The results were analyzed and evaluate. Results: A total of 117 AVFs were found in 108 patients. All the diagnoses were confirmed by angiography. In most patients the clinical symptoms of AVF were either absent or unrecognizable before angiography. Mechanisms of injury included gunshot wound (72 AVFs), stab wound (24 AVFs), blunt trauma (8 AVFs), injury by falling (3 AVFs) and iatrogenic during the management of trauma (2 AVFs). The common traumatic locations included the extremities (46 cases), the neck (19 cases), the liver (13 cases), and subclavian vessels (11 cases). Early venous opacification was seen in all cases. The AVFs were associated with false aneurysms in 49.6% of patients. The most common pattern of the flow dynamics was type I (40 AVFs, 34.2%), namely both the proximal and distal segments of both artery and vein of AVF were displayed with the presence of incompetent distal venous valves. Next common pattern was type III (22 AVFs, 18.8%), and the most uncommon pattern was type V (5 AVFs, 4.3%). Half of the AVFs had retrograde arterial flow contribution from distal collaterals. Surgery was carried out in 34 patients. Clinical observation was employed in 7 and embolization therapy was adopted in 61 patients. The embolic agents included coils (n = 47

  8. Medullary Venous Hypertension Secondary to a Petrous Apex Dural Arteriovenous Fistula: A Case Report

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    Meghan Murphy

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dural arteriovenous fistulae (dAVF are common intracranial vascular lesions typically becoming symptomatic with cortical venous hypertension and possible hemorrhage. Here, we present a case illustration of a petrous apex dAVF with marked medullary venous hypertension and a unique clinical presentation. Methods: Case report. Results: A 72-year-old female, whose clinical progression was significant for altered mental status and progressive weakness, presented with diplopia, right leg paresis, and ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed edema involving the medulla. On digital subtraction cerebral angiogram, the patient was found to have a petrous apex dAVF, Cognard type IV. Following treatment with Onyx embolization, her symptoms rapidly improved, with complete resolution of diplopia and drastic improvement of her ataxia. Conclusion: The importance of this case is in the presentation and deterioration of the clinical exam, resembling an acute ischemic event. Further, this case illustrates that dAVF may cause venous hypertension with rapid onset of focal neurologic symptoms not exclusive to cortical locations.

  9. Successful management of an aortoesophageal fistula caused by a fish bone – case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Alan

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We report a case of aortoesophageal fistula (AEF caused by a fish bone that had a successful outcome. Aortoesophageal fistula is a rare complication of foreign body ingestion from which few patients survive. Over one hundred cases of AEF secondary to foreign body ingestion have been documented but only seven, including our case, have survived over 12 months. Treatment involved stabilising the patient with a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube and insertion of a thoracic aortic endovascular stent-graft. Unfortunately the stent became infected and definitive open surgical repair involved removing the stent, replacing the aorta with a homograft and coverage with a left trapezius flap while under deep hypothermic arrest.

  10. Diffuse Pulmonary Arteriovenous Fistulas With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Case Report and Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Rong; Gong, Su-Gang; Pudasaini, Bigyan; Zhao, Qin-Hua; Wang, Lan; He, Jing; Liu, Jin-Ming

    2016-04-01

    Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs) are rare. Diffuse type PAVFs with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are even rarer and can elude anatomy imaging like a plain chest film or a computed tomography. The rapid blood flow that ensues due to lack of a capillary bed leads to various degrees of ischemia depending on the number and size of the PAVF. This is a case report of diffuse PAVF in a patient with PAH.This case report describes a patient with recurrent hemoptysis and chest pain. Systemic examination was unremarkable except for P2 attenuation on auscultation. Echocardiograghy showed confirmed pulmonary hypertension with mild dilation of right atrium and ventricle and a tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient of 40 mm Hg and ruled out congenital heart diseases. Right heart catheterization revealed precapillary PAH with mean pulmonary arterial pressure of 88 mm Hg. Pulmonary angiography showed enlarged pulmonary arterial trunk and diffuse spiral tortuous pulmonary arterial branches indicting diffuse PAVFs. The patient was diagnosed as PAH and began treatment of 25 mg tid of sildenafil.The case highlights a rare and unique presentation of PAH.

  11. Pancreaticopleural Fistula as a Presentation of a Pancreatic Neoplasm. A Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciaran E Redmond

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pancreaticopleural fistula is a rare clinical entity. The classical presentation is that of a left sided, amylase-rich pleural effusion [1,2] . Herein we report an unusual case of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma that presented initially with a pancreaticopleural fistula. We review and discuss the existing literature regarding pancreaticopleural fistulae that are associated with a pancreatic neoplasm. A 65 year old gentleman presented with a history of worsening dyspnoea. A chest radiograph demonstrated a large left sided pleural effusion. A pleural drain was inserted and haemorrhagic pleural fluid was drained, which on cytological analysis contained benign inflammatory cells. Computed tomography (CT of the thorax did not identify an underlying pulmonary lesion. However the limited imaging of the left subphrenic region was suggestive of an inflammatory process in the region of the tail of the pancreas. The amylase level in a pleural fluid sample was found to be 23,225 IU/L suggestive of a pancreaticopleural fistula. A dedicated pancreatic protocol CT was thus performed (Figure 1. This demonstrated a small volume of rim enhancing fluid in the left upper quadrant tracking from the tail of the pancreas to the left hemidiaphragm, consistent with a pancreaticopleural fistula. Furthermore the main pancreatic duct was dilated with an abrupt cut off proximally at a 2.3cm mass in the head of the pancreas, which was deemed surgically resectable by imaging criteria. A fine needle aspirate of the pancreatic mass was obtained under endoscopic ultrasound (EUS guidance and yielded malignant cytology. Following a period of preoperative optimization which included octreotide therapy and parenteral nutritional support, the patient underwent a pancreaticoduodenectomy. A histological diagnosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was confirmed and a margin-negative resection was achieved. The postoperative period was unremarkable with full resolution of the pleural

  12. Bilateral persistent trigeminal arteries with unilateral trigeminal artery to cavernous sinus fistula. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, David; Chen, Chi-Jen; Chen, Jiann-Jy; Tseng, Ying-Chi; Hsu, Hui-Ling; Ku, Jan-Wen

    2013-09-01

    A 59-year-old man who denied a history of trauma presented with left pulsatile tinnitus and left orbital swelling for six months. Digital subtraction angiography showed a left persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) with a trigeminal artery to cavernous sinus (trigeminal-cavernous sinus) fistula and a right PTA. Transarterial detachable coil embolization of the left trigeminal-cavernous sinus fistula was performed, and the symptoms subsided. There has been no report of bilateral PTAs with a spontaneous fistula connected from one PTA to the ipsilateral cavernous sinus. This paper reports such a rare circumstance. PMID:24070083

  13. Successful closure of a bronchopleural fistula by intrapleural administration of fibrin sealant: A case report with review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pranabh Shrestha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: There are no established guidelines for the proper treatment of patients with bronchopleural fistulas (BPFs. Apart from attempts to close the fistula, emphasis of treatment and management is placed on preventive measures, early administration of antibiotics, drainage of the empyema and aggressive nutritional and rehabilitative support. Case Report: A 53-year-old male presented with nausea, vomiting, and dry cough with eventual respiratory failure. He was found to have an empyema of the left hemithorax which was managed with thoracostomy drainage and antibiotics. However, he had persistent air leak through the chest tube due to a BPF. Bronchoscopy failed to localize the involved segment. Application of fibrin glue through the chest tube succeeded in completely sealing the leak. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first case report in which fibrin glue was successfully used intrapleurally to close a BPF related to an empyema.

  14. A Case of Broncho-Paraspinal Fistula Induced by Metallic Devices: Delayed Complication of Thoracic Spinal Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Son, Seungnam; Kang, Dong-Ho; Choi, Dae Seub; Choi, Nack-Cheon

    2011-01-01

    We present a case report of a 45-year-old woman with spontaneous pneumocephalus accompanied by pneumorrhachis of the thoracic spine, which is a very rare condition generally associated with trauma and thoracic or spinal surgery. The patient had undergone an operation about 10 years earlier to treat a giant cell tumor of the thoracic spine. During the operation, a metallic device was installed, which destroyed the bronchus and caused the formation of a broncho-paraspinal fistula. This is the s...

  15. The path of least resistance: A case of cervical stenosis and uterocutaneous fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Neil Shephard

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Uterocutaneous fistula is exceedingly rare, and uniformly follows some type of operative procedure. In this case, a young woman underwent a cesarean delivery at an outlying clinic in rural Nigeria, following which she developed amenorrhea and cyclic pelvic pain. In attempts to resolve her condition, a second laparotomy was performed at the same medical center. She presented to us 2 weeks later, at which time an opening was present at the healing laparotomy scar, severe vaginal scarring and cervical stenosis were present, and marked hematometra was seen on ultrasound. Following a procedure to open her cervix, she began menstruating through a fistulous tract in her abdomen, which we subsequently excised and closed with no further problems for the patient. This case highlights the challenge in developing countries of surgical complications resulting from a lack of appropriately trained physicians in rural medical centers. We suggest that focus on excellent training of our young physicians and the creation of incentives to place and keep fully qualified physicians in such hospitals will improve this situation.

  16. Mirizzi syndrome with an unusual aberrant hepatic duct fistula: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Meng; Xing, Yufei; Gao, Quangen; Lv, Zhiqiang; Yuan, Jianmao

    2016-01-01

    Mirizzi syndrome (MS) is a rare complication of chronic cholelithiasis, which is always caused by a calculus in the cystic duct or neck of the gallbladder, resulting in mechanical compression of common bile duct and the gallbladder. It is clinically characterized by abdominal pain, fever, as well as obstructive jaundice. During cholecystectomy, MS is seen as a dangerous adherent and inflammatory tissue in the area of Calot's triangle. In the general population, aberrant right posterior hepatic duct, one of the causes of bile duct injury during duct surgery, is present in 4.8%-8.4% of people. Herein we report a rare case of a 76-year-old female patient, with hepatolithiasis of right posterior lobe and cholecysto-aberrant right posterior hepatic duct fistula. This is a special type of MS; however, interestingly, she did not have any symptoms, and the disease was found by physical examination incidentally. This case highlights another situation, namely, there may be difficulty in diagnosing MS and dissecting for operation. Therefore, to avoid the complication associated with this special situation, the surgeons need to diagnose carefully and adopt an optimal treatment strategy. PMID:27445508

  17. Bilateral Persistent Trigeminal Arteries with Unilateral Trigeminal Artery to Cavernous Sinus Fistula: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, David; Chen, Chi-Jen; Chen, Jiann-Jy; Tseng, Ying-Chi; Hsu, Hui-Ling; Ku, Jan-Wen

    2013-01-01

    A 59-year-old man who denied a history of trauma presented with left pulsatile tinnitus and left orbital swelling for six months. Digital subtraction angiography showed a left persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) with a trigeminal artery to cavernous sinus (trigeminal-cavernous sinus) fistula and a right PTA. Transarterial detachable coil embolization of the left trigeminal-cavernous sinus fistula was performed, and the symptoms subsided. There has been no report of bilateral PTAs with a sponta...

  18. Therapeutic strategy for lower limb lymphedema and lymphatic fistula after resection of a malignant tumor in the hip joint region: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hara, H; Mihara, M; Hayashi, A; Kanemaru, M; Todokoro, T; Yamamoto, T; Iida, T; Hino, R; Koshima, I

    2014-03-01

    Lymphatic fistula complicating lymphedema is thought to occur due to communication between lymph vessels and the skin, which has yet to be shown objectively. The objective of this case report is to show the pathology and treatment using simultaneous lymphatic fistula resection and lymphatico-venous anastomosis (LVA). A 40-year-old woman underwent extended resection and total hip arthroplasty for primitive neuroectodermal tumor in the right proximal femur 23 years ago. Right lower limb lymphedema developed immediately after surgery and lymphatic fistula appeared in the posterior thigh. On ICG lymphography, lymph reflux toward the distal side dispersing in a fan-shape reticular pattern from the lymphatic fistula region was noted after intracutaneous injection of ICG into the foot. We performed simultaneous lymphatic fistula resection and of LVA. Pathological examination showed that the epidermis and stratum corneum of the healthy skin were lost in the lymphatic fistula region. Dilated lymph vessels were open in this region. The examinations provide the first objective evidence that the cause of lymphatic fistula may be lymph reflux from lymphatic stems to precollectors through lymphatic perforators. PMID:23908155

  19. Tubercular fistula-in-ano

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the frequency of tuberculosis in recurrent fistula-in-ano. The study included 100 cases of recurrent fistula-in-ano not responding to conventional surgery. Patients with other co-morbidities such as diabetes mellitus, bleeding disorders or with the evidence of pulmonary, abdominal or intestinal tuberculosis were excluded from this study. Fistulogram was performed in all patients. All the patients were subjected to fistulectomy followed by histopathology of the resected specimen. Thereafter, confirmation of the disease, anti-tuberculous treatment was immediately started and response to treatment was observed after 6 months. Out of the 100 studied patients, 11 cases had biopsy proven tuberculosis in the fistula. All the patients were male. The fistulae were low type, single and usually located posteriorly (n=9) with everted margins. Ten were located within 3 cm of anus. Fistulogram revealed single internal opening. Comparative statistics of tuberculous fistula-in-ano with fistulas due to specific inflammation revealed no major differences. The diagnosed patients of tubercular fistulae-in-ano were observed for at least 6 months after starting anti-tuberculous treatment. They all responded well to anti-tubercular treatment and the fistulae healed without any complication such as recurrence or anal stenosis within 6 months. Tuberculosis should be suspected in case of recurrent fistulae-in-ano, so as to avoid unusual delay in the treatment and miseries to the patient. Appropriate anti-tuberculous therapy leads to healing within 6 months. (author)

  20. Gallbladder polyp as a manifestation of hemobilia caused by arterial-portal fistula after percutaneous liver biopsy: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chih-Lang Lin; Jia-Jang Chang; Tsung-Shih Lee; Kar-Wai Lui; Cho-Li Yen

    2005-01-01

    Outpatient percutaneous liver biopsy is a common practice in the differential diagnosis and treatment of chronic liver disease. The major complication and mortality rate were about 2-4% and 0.01-0.33% respectively. Arterio-portal fistula as a complication of percutaneous liver biopsy was infrequently seen and normally asymptomatic. Hemobilia,which accounted for about 3% of overall major percutaneous liver biopsy complications, resulted rarely from arterioportal fistula We report a hemobilia case of 68 years old woman who was admitted for abdominal pain after liver biopsy. The initial ultrasonography revealed a gallbladder polypoid tumor and common bile duct (CBD) dilatation.Blood clot was extracted as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) showed hemobilia. The patient was shortly readmitted because of recurrence of symptoms. A celiac angiography showed an intrahepatic arterio-portal fistula. After superselective embolization of the feeding artery, the patient was discharged uneventfully.Most cases of hemobilia caused by percutaneous liver biopsy resolved spontaneously. Selective angiography embolization or surgical intervention is reserved for patients who failed to respond to conservative treatment.

  1. Infective endocarditis of an aorto-right atrial fistula caused by asymptomatic rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikeda, Akihiko; Nakajima, Tomomi; Konishi, Taisuke; Matsuzaki, Kanji; Sugano, Akinori; Fumikura, Yuko; Nishina, Hidetaka; Jikuya, Tomoaki

    2016-12-01

    Asymptomatic rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is rare. A fistula following rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm may cause infective endocarditis. Here, we report a case of infective endocarditis of an aorto-right atrial fistula caused by asymptomatic rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm. A 45-year-old male, who was first diagnosed with a heart murmur at the age of 37 years, presented with fever. Blood culture was positive for Streptococcus gordonii. Ultrasound echocardiography revealed an aorto-right atrial fistula caused by rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm. After the infective endocarditis was healed by antibiotics, we successfully performed surgical repair of the aorto-right atrial fistula. Although asymptomatic rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is uncommon, it should be recognized as a possible cause of infective endocarditis. PMID:27180251

  2. Why do we have to review our experience in managing cases with idiopathic fistula-in-ano regularly?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Claudio Fucini; Iacopo Giani

    2011-01-01

    "Why do we have to review our experience in managing idiopathic fistula-in-ano regularly?" In order to answer this apparently simple question, we reviewed our clinical and surgical cases and most important relevant literature to find a rational and scientific answer. It would appear that whatever method you adopt in fistula management, there is a price to pay regarding either rate of recurrence (higher with conservative methods) or impairment of continence (higher with traditional surgery). Since, at the moment, reliable data to identify a treatment as a gold standard in the management of anal fistulas are lacking, the correct approach to this condition must consider all the anatomic and clinicopathological aspects of the disease; this knowl-edge joined to an eclectic attitude of the surgeon, who should be familiar with different types of treatment, is the only guarantee for a satisfactory treatment. As a conclu-sion, it is worthwhile to remember that adequate initial treatment significantly reduces recurrence, which, when it occurs, is usually due to failure to recognise the tract and primary opening at the initial operation.

  3. A Case Report of Coronary Arteriovenous Fistulas with an Unruptured Coronary Artery Aneurysm Successfully Treated by Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nobuhiro Takeuchi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 58-year-old female with a history of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome presented at our institution with palpitations and chest pain. Electrocardiography revealed paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia with a heart rate of 188 beats/min. Antiarrhythmic drugs were ineffective, and tachycardia was resolved by electrical cardioversion. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed abnormal vessels around the right coronary artery (RCA and pulmonary artery (PA; in addition, we suspected coronary arteriovenous fistula (CAVF. Coronary angiography and coronary computed tomography revealed dilated fistula vessels, with a 1 cm saccular aneurysm around the RCA, originating from the proximal RCA and left anterior descending artery into the main trunk of PA. Therefore, we confirmed the diagnosis of CAVF with an unruptured aneurysm. We surgically ligated and clipped the fistula vessels and resected the aneurysm. The resected aneurysm measured  cm in size. Pathological examination of the resected aneurysm revealed hypertrophic walls comprising proliferating fibroblasts cells thin elastic fibers. Very few atherosclerotic changes manifested in the aneurysm walls. We report the case of a patient with CAVF and an unruptured coronary artery aneurysm who was successfully treated by surgery.

  4. Abscess of the iliopsoas muscle associated external fistula of the rectum caused by radiation proctitis. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with a case of abscess of the iliopsoas muscle an intractable external fistula of the rectum caused by radiation proctitis. In a 68-year-old man. There were previous histories of undergoing an A-C bypass operation for coronary stricture 10 years before; and undergoing aportial resection of the bladder with radiation therapy for urinary bladder cancer, followed by colostomy for hemorrhage and stricture of the rectum for radiation proctitis 2 years before admission. In April, 1997 when he had been treated at outpatient clinic, exhumation of pusfrom the sacurred that was diagnosed external fistula of the rectum on a fistulography and he was continuously treated on an ambulant basis. On November 17, 1997, the patient had a temperature 38.7deg C, the white blood cell count increased to 35 x 104 /ml, inflammation reaction increased, and unconsciousness appeared. An emergency CT revealed retention of fluid in the retroperitoneum covering from the fistulation through the iliopsoas muscle to pelvis. An abscess of the iliopsoas muscle was diagnosed. It was determined that any operations under general anesthesia were impossible due to poor general condition, and an emergency incision drainage was performed under local anesthesia. Thereafter, the patient developed MRSA septicemia which demanded redrainage and strict general management, but he was successfully freed from the management. Although the intractable fistula in persistently present, he was discharged after a resection of sequestrum and is followed on an ambulant basis. (author)

  5. Abscess of the iliopsoas muscle associated external fistula of the rectum caused by radiation proctitis. A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasegawa, Shigeru; Imazu, Hiroki; Matubara, Toshiki; Sakurai, Yoichi; Ochiai, Masahiro; Funabiki, Takahiko [Fujita Health Univ., Toyoake, Aichi (Japan). School of Medicine

    1999-12-01

    This paper deals with a case of abscess of the iliopsoas muscle, an intractable external fistula of the rectum caused by radiation proctitis in a 68-year-old man. There were previous histories of undergoing an A-C bypass operation for coronary stricture 10 years before; and undergoing aportial resection of the bladder with radiation therapy for urinary bladder cancer, followed by colostomy for hemorrhage and stricture of the rectum for radiation proctitis 2 years before admission. In April, 1997 when he had been treated at outpatient clinic, exhumation of pusfrom the sacurred that was diagnosed external fistula of the rectum on a fistulography and he was continuously treated on an ambulant basis. On November 17, 1997, the patient had a temperature 38.7deg C, the white blood cell count increased to 35 x 10{sup 4} /ml, inflammation reaction increased, and unconsciousness appeared. An emergency CT revealed retention of fluid in the retroperitoneum covering from the fistulation through the iliopsoas muscle to pelvis. An abscess of the iliopsoas muscle was diagnosed. It was determined that any operations under general anesthesia were impossible due to poor general condition, and an emergency incision drainage was performed under local anesthesia. Thereafter, the patient developed MRSA septicemia which demanded redrainage and strict general management, but he was successfully freed from the management. Although the intractable fistula in persistently present, he was discharged after a resection of sequestrum and is followed on an ambulant basis. (author)

  6. Management of a case of colovesical fistula with fecaluria as first sign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gingu C

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Fecaluria and pneumaturia are the patognomonic signs of an abnormal communication between the bladder and the intestinal tract. Therefore, when a history of digestive signs, symptoms or digestive diseases is missing, this borderline pathology leads the patients in the care of urologists. From diagnosis to treatment the management of these cases can be difficult and challenging. Materials and Methods. A 48 year old patient, without any significant medical history, presented to the emergency room for fecaluria, pneumaturia and an episode of haematuria. He had no prior digestive symptoms. The contrast enhanced abdominal and pelvic CT scan revealed a pelvic mass involving the sigmoid colon and the dome and the posterior wall of the bladder. The cystoscopy objectifies a tumor mass involving the right postero-lateral bladder wall, with extravasation of faeces. A biopsy was taken and the frozen section found mainly uncertain inflammatory type tissue. A colonoscopy couldn’t be done because of an impassable obstacle at 15 cm from the anus. Together with general surgeons we decided for en bloc resection of the tumor with partial cystectomy, right ureterocystoneostomy and rectosigmoid resection with mechanic end to end anastomosis. Results. The postoperative period was uneventful. The histopathological examination revealed an abscessed sigmoid diverticulum with vesico-sigmoid fistula and perilesional inflammatory tissue. Two years after the surgery the patient is asymptomatic with a normal function of the right kidney and restored bladder capacity. Conclusions. Being a borderline pathology, patients with fecaluria and pneumaturia and lack of digestive symptoms are referred and managed by the urologists. Despite extensive investigations, even when preoperative biopsies reveal inflammatory tissue the patients should be treated as oncologic cases. A close cooperation with general surgeons for en bloc multiorgan resection within oncologic

  7. Gastrocolic Fistula: A Shortcut through the Gut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nauzer Forbes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastrocolic fistulas are observed in association with several conditions. Traditionally, peptic ulcer disease was commonly implicated in the formation of gastrocolic fistulas; however, this is now a rare etiology. Here, we present a case of gastrocolic fistula secondary to peptic ulcer disease alone, in addition to reviewing the literature and providing options for diagnosis and treatment.

  8. [Urethral Fistula Caused by an Urethrovesical Foreign Body : A Case Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwamoto, Takashi; Hosokawa, Yukinari; Otsuka, Kenji; Matsushita, Chie; Hayashi, Yoshiki; Onishi, Kenta; Fujimoto, Kiyohide

    2016-07-01

    A 68-year-old man presented with the chief complaint of swelling of the penis. A pencil had been inserted into his urethra by a commercial sex worker for sexual stimulation. On a computed tomography (CT) scan, a foreign object was visible throughout the urethra and in the urinary bladder. Cystoscopy performed under spinal anesthesia showed a pencil in the urethra. We attempted removing the object endoscopically by using a Holmium laser. However, the endoscopic procedure failed and finally, we removed the object by transvesical open surgery. At the same time, suprapubic cystostomy was performed for the disorder of the urethra. An anterior urethrocutaneous fistula was formed 5 days after the operation. After removal of the urethral catheter, he was managed with only suprapubic cystostomy. Conservative management of the urethrocutaneous fistula was effective. The fistula was completely closed 26 days after the operation. He was discharged 33 days after the operation. PMID:27569356

  9. Urethrorectal fistula in a horse.

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, A. M.; Barber, S M; Kaestner, S B; Townsend, H G

    1999-01-01

    Anomalies of the urethra are uncommon. Urethrorectal fistula in horses has only been reported in foals and only in conjunction with other congenital anomalies. This report describes the diagnosis, surgical management, and possible etiologies of a unique case of urethrorectal fistula in a mature gelding.

  10. Bilateral indirect carotid cavernous fistula post trivial injury- A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Siti Hajar Mat Abu; Hanizasurana Hashim; Tara Mary George; Norfariza Ngah; Adil Hussein

    2013-01-01

    Fifty-seven years old Malay lady, post menopausal with co-morbid of diabetes mellitus and hypertension presented with three months history of bilateral painful red eyes associated with double vision. Examination revealed both eyes proptosis, corkscrew vessels with present of bruit, secondary narrow angle with raised intraocular pressure, 6th cranial nerve palsy, and bilateral venous stasis retinopathy. CT angiogram showed bilateral dilated superior ophthalmic veins with cerebral angiogram findings of bilateral indirect carotid cavernous fistula involving small meningeal vessels. Indirect or dural cavernous sinus Fistula can easily be missed or misdiagnosed. Trivial injury especially in the predisposing patient can initiate the occurrence.

  11. Three Distinct Urethral Fistulae 35 Years After Pelvic Radiation

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Arindam; Kurtz, Michael P.; Jairam R. Eswara

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: While the development of fistulae is a well-known complication of radiotherapy, such fistulae can often be challenging to manage. Case Presentation: We describe the case of a 37 year old male who developed in succession a urethrocutaneous fistula to the thigh, a rectourethral fistula and a peritoneo-urethral fistula 35 years after radiotherapy for pediatric pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma. These complications were managed successfully after multiple surgical procedures. Discussion: We s...

  12. Endoscopic internal drainage as first-line treatment for fistula following gastrointestinal surgery: a case series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donatelli, Gianfranco; Dumont, Jean-Loup; Cereatti, Fabrizio; Dhumane, Parag; Tuszynski, Thierry; Vergeau, Bertrand Marie; Meduri, Bruno

    2016-01-01

    Background and study aims: Leaks following gastrointestinal surgery are a dreadful complication burdened by high morbidity and not irrelevant mortality. Endoscopic internal drainage (EID) has showed optimal results in the treatment of leaks following bariatric surgery. We report our experience with EID as first-line treatment for fistulas following surgery along all gastrointestinal tract. PMID:27556072

  13. Intravascular treatment of a cavernous fistula by rupture of a traumatic carotid trigeminal aneurysm. Case reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flandroy, P.; Collignon, J.; Lacour, P.; Marsault, C.; Stevenaert, A.

    1987-05-01

    The authors report the particular treatment of a traumatic cavernous fistula caused by the rupture of an exceptional lesion: a false aneurysm of the C5 segment of the right carotid artery situated at the origin of a persistent trigeminal artery.

  14. A Case of Successful Ablation of a Gastrophrenic Fistula with n-Butyl-2-Cyanoacrylate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashish Mahajan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A 79-year-old woman with a fistula between a subphrenic abscess and the fundus of the stomach was successfully treated with n-Butyl-2-Cyanoacrylate. Conservative management had failed. Clinical presentation, treatment progress and imaging findings by computed tomography scan, ultrasound, gastroscopy and fluoroscopy are presented, along with a brief review of the relevant literature.

  15. Congenital parotid fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiggaon Natasha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Parotid fistula is a cause of great distress and embarrassment to the patient. Parotid fistula is most commonly a post-traumatic situation. Congenital parotid salivary fistulas are unusual entities that can arise from accessory parotid glands or even more infrequently, from normal parotid glands through an aberrant Stensen′s duct. The treatment of fistulous tract is usually surgical and can be successfully excised after making a skin incision along the skin tension line around the fistula opening. This report describes a case of right accessory parotid gland fistula of a 4-year-old boy with discharge of pus from right cheek. Computed tomography (CT fistulography and CT sialography demonstrated fistulous tract arising from accessory parotid gland. Both CT fistulography and CT sialography are very helpful in the diagnosis and surgical planning. In this case, superficial parotidectomy is the treatment of choice. A detailed history, clinical and functional examination, proper salivary gland investigations facilitates in correct diagnosis followed by immediate surgical intervention helps us to restore physical, psychological health of the child patient.

  16. Congenital parotid fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natasha, Shiggaon

    2014-01-01

    Parotid fistula is a cause of great distress and embarrassment to the patient. Parotid fistula is most commonly a post-traumatic situation. Congenital parotid salivary fistulas are unusual entities that can arise from accessory parotid glands or even more infrequently, from normal parotid glands through an aberrant Stensen's duct. The treatment of fistulous tract is usually surgical and can be successfully excised after making a skin incision along the skin tension line around the fistula opening. This report describes a case of right accessory parotid gland fistula of a 4-year-old boy with discharge of pus from right cheek. Computed tomography (CT) fistulography and CT sialography demonstrated fistulous tract arising from accessory parotid gland. Both CT fistulography and CT sialography are very helpful in the diagnosis and surgical planning. In this case, superficial parotidectomy is the treatment of choice. A detailed history, clinical and functional examination, proper salivary gland investigations facilitates in correct diagnosis followed by immediate surgical intervention helps us to restore physical, psychological health of the child patient. PMID:25231049

  17. Multimodality evaluation of dural arteriovenous fistula with CT angiography, MR with arterial spin labeling, and digital subtraction angiography: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Matthew; McTaggart, Ryan; Santarelli, Justin; Fischbein, Nancy; Marks, Michael; Zaharchuk, Greg; Do, Huy

    2014-01-01

    Dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) are cerebrovascular lesions with pathologic shunting into the venous system from arterial feeders. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) has long been considered the gold standard for diagnosis, but advances in noninvasive imaging techniques now play a role in the diagnosis of these complex lesions. Herein, we describe the case of a patient with right-side pulsatile tinnitus and DAVF diagnosed using computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance with arterial spin labeling, and DSA. Implications for imaging analysis of DAVFs and further research are discussed. PMID:23746119

  18. Congenital bronchoesophageal fistula in adults

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bao-Shi Zhang; Nai-Kang Zhou; Chang-Hai Yu

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To study the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and surgical treatment of congenital bronchoesophageal fistulae in adults. METHODS: Eleven adult cases of congenital bronchoesophageal fistula diagnosed and treated in our hospital between May 1990 and August 2010 were reviewed. Its clinical presentations, diagnostic methods, anatomic type, treatment, and follow-up were recorded. RESULTS: Of the chief clinical presentations, nonspecific cough and sputum were found in 10 (90.9%), recurrent bouts of cough after drinking liquid food in 6 (54.6%), hemoptysis in 6 (54.6%), low fever in 4 (36.4%), and chest pain in 3 (27.3%) of the 11 cases, respectively. The duration of symptoms before diagnosis ranged 5-36.5 years. The diagnosis of congenital bronchoesophageal fistulae was established in 9 patients by barium esophagography, in 1 patient by esophagoscopy and in 1 patient by bronchoscopy, respectively. The congenital bronchoesophageal fistulae communicated with a segmental bronchus, a main bronchus, and an intermediate bronchus in 8, 2 and 1 patients, respectively. The treatment of congenital bronchoesophageal fistulae involved excision of the fistula in 10 patients or division and suturing in 1 patient. The associated lung lesion was removed in all patients. No long-term sequelae were found during the postoperative follow-up except in 1 patient with bronchial fistula who accepted reoperation before recovery. CONCLUSION: Congenital bronchoesophageal fistula is rare in adults. Its most useful diagnostic method is esophagography. It must be treated surgically as soon as the diagnosis is established.

  19. [Conservative treatment of chyle fistula of the neck following a reintervention of cervical bilateral lymphectomy for medullary carcinoma of the thyroid. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giove, Eleonora; Merlicco, Domenico; Nacchiero, Eleonora; Marzaioli, Rinaldo

    2010-01-01

    Chyle fistula is an uncommon serious complication of neck surgery, occurring in 1-3% of radical neck dissections. An untreated chyle leak is a potentially dangerous condition that may rarely lead to hypovolemia, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, hypoproteinemia and lymphopenia. Anatomic variants of the terminal portion of the thoracic duct and suction drainage in the neck wound play a primary role in causing this kind of lesion. Poor is the literature concerning chyle fistula, due to its rarity, and mostly case reports; still debated--prevalently empiric--is the management of this disease. The Authors report a case of chyle fistula following a reintervention of cervical bilateral lymphectomy for medullary carcinoma of the thyroid in a 75 years old female. In the reported case the chyle fistula was successfully treated conservatively, in early post-operative period with a low-fat diet and total parenteral nutrition, definitely followed by sclerosant therapy. The injection of a sclerosant agent (4 g of sterile medical talc diluted in isotonic sodium chloride solution) into the supraclavicular wound bed, through the drainage tube (clamped for 2 hours), determined rapid decline in fistula output, hence obviating surgical intervention.

  20. Post-ERCP pancreatogastric fistula associated with an intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas – a case report and literature review

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    Yasuda Yoshikazu

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fistula formation has been reported in intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs with or without invasion of the adjacent organs. The presence or absence of invasion is mostly determined by postoperative histological examination rather than by preoperative work-up. Case presentation A 72 year-old Japanese woman showed remarkable dilatation of the main pancreatic duct (MPD in the distal region of the pancreas. Subsequent ERCP also showed MPD dilatation, after which the patient suffered moderate pancreatitis. A subsequent gastroscopy revealed a small ulceration that had not been observed in a gastroscopy performed 3 months prior. Mucinous discharge from the ulceration suggested it might be the orifice of a fistula connected to the MPD. En bloc resection including the distal region of the pancreas, spleen, stomach and part of the transverse colon was performed under the pre- and intraoperative diagnosis of an invasive malignant IPMN. However, histopathology revealed the lesion to be of "borderline malignancy" without apparent invasion of the stomach. Light microscopy showed inflammatory cellular infiltrates (mainly neutrophils around the pancreatogastric fistula, but there was no evidence of neoplastic epithelia lining the fistulous tract. Conclusion This case highlights that a pancreatogastric fistula can develop after acute inflammation of the pancreas in the absence of cancer invasion. Further information regarding IPMN-associated fistulae is necessary to clarify the pathogenesis, diagnosis, appropriate surgical intervention and prognosis for this disorder.

  1. Transsternal approach to closure of bronchopleural fistulas after pneumonectomy. A fifteen cases report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltrami, V; Angelici, A; Bertagni, A; Bezzi, M; Ciulli, A; Forte, A; Gallinaro, L; Illuminati, G; Montesano, G; Prece, V

    2000-07-01

    A treatment method for main bronchus fistula after pneumonectomy via median sternotomy was described by P. Abruzzini in 1961. This operation is performed in an area not involved with infection. Fifteen patients underwent the procedure in our surgical department; one of them died of myocardial infarction while all the others survived for different periods of time, closely associated with the original disease; seven were long-term survivors. The transmediastinal approach seems an effective means of managing such a difficult complication. PMID:10880846

  2. Histological characteristics of arterialized medullary vein in spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas related with clinical findings: Report of five cases

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    Takami Toshihiro

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The histological features of arterialized medullary vein (MV in spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF were studied in five consecutive patients who presented with progressive congestive myelopathy. Retrograde venous filling on preoperative angiography was recognized as being severe in 3 cases and moderate in 2 cases. Direct intradural interruption of the arterialized MV was performed in all patients. The arterialized MV was sampled and examined histologically to determine the percentage of the hyperplasia of venous wall (hypertrophic ratio. Histological examination of arterialized MV showed that hypertrophic alteration of venous wall structure was due to hyperplasia of elastic fibers, ranging from 41 to 82%. Patients with angiographically severe venous hypertension tended to have a higher hypertrophic ratio than patients with moderate venous hypertension. Our observations support the clinical concept that long-standing arterial stress in the spinal venous circulation causes histological alterations of spinal vascular structure associated with the progression of venous hypertension. We suggested that possibly the histological parameter can be used for predicting neurological recovery after occlusion of the fistulas.

  3. Fistula Vesiko Vaginalis

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    Luki Ertandri

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak          Latar belakang : fistula vesiko vaginalis merupakan bagian dari fistula vesiko urogenital merupakansuatu keadaan ditandai fistel antara kandung kemih dengan vagina yang menyebabkan rembesan urin keluar melalui vagina.           Kasus : wanita P3A0H3, 44 tahun, datang dengan keluhan terasa rembesan buang air kecil dari kemaluan sejak 3 bulan yang lalu. Keluhan muncul 7 hari setelah menajalani operasi histerektomi 3 bulan yang lalu. Histerektomi dilakukan atas indikasi mioma uteri dilakukan di Rumah Sakit Swasta. Tanda vital dalam batas normal. Pada pemeriksaan inspekulo tampak cairan urin menumpuk di fornix posterior. Dilakukan prosedur tes methylene blue didapatkan hasil positif di puncak vagina anterior 1 fistel dengan ukuran 1-1,5 cm. Pada pasien dilakukan fistulorraphy vesikovagina dengan teknik repair latzko dalam spinal anasthesi.           Pembahasan : Kasus fistula vesiko vaginalis biasa muncul di negara berkembang. Diantara faktor predisposisi adalah disebabkan operasi histerektomi, selain itu trauma persalinan dan komplikasi operasi daerah pelvik. Pemeriksaan Fisik dan pemeriksaan tambahan secara konvensional atau minimal invasif seperti sistoskopi, sistografi menggunakan zat kontras bisa membantu menegakan diagnosa, menentukan lokasi, ukuran dan jumlah fistel. Pembedahan adalah terapi andalan untuk fistula urogenital melalui transvagina atau trans abdomen. Pendekatan terapi tergantung ilmu, pengalaman dan kolaborasi dengan ahli lain bila dibutuhkan.Kata kunci: fistula vesiko vaginalis, histerektomi, latzkoAbstractBackground : Vesica vagina fistula is a part of urogenital fistula wich condition that present fistula between bladder and vagina and make urine mold through vagina.Case Report: Woman P3A0H3, 44 years old, admitted with complaining mold of urine from vagina since three months ago after seven days having surgery procedure. Complaint appeared seven days after histerctomi procedure. The

  4. The changing face of obstetric fistula surgery in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Jeremy; Ayenachew, Fekade; Ballard, Karen D

    2016-01-01

    Objective To examine the incidence and type of obstetric fistula presenting to Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia over a 4-year period. Study design This is a 4-year retrospective survey of obstetric fistula treated at three Hamlin Fistula Hospitals in Ethiopia, where approximately half of all women in the country are treated. The operation logbook was reviewed to identify all new cases of obstetric fistula presenting from 2011 to 2015. New cases of urinary fistula were classified by fistula type (high or low), age, and parity of the woman. Results In total, 2,593 new cases of urinary fistulae were identified in the study period. The number of new cases fell by 20% per year over the 4 years (P<0.001). A total of 1,845 cases (71.1%) were low (ischemic) fistulae, and 804 cases (43.6%) of these had an extreme form of low circumferential fistula. A total of 638 (24.6%) women had a high bladder fistula, which predominantly occurs following surgery, specifically cesarean section or emergency hysterectomy, and 110 (4.2%) women had a ureteric fistula. The incidence of high fistulae increased over the study period from 26.9% to 36.2% (P<0.001). A greater proportion of multiparous women had a high bladder fistula (70.3%) compared with primigravid women (29.7%) (P<0.001). Conversely, a greater proportion of primiparous women experienced a low circumferential fistulae (68.6%) compared with multiparous women (31.4%) (P<0.001). Conclusion There appears to be a decline in the number of Ethiopian women being treated for new obstetric urinary fistulae. However, the type of fistula being presented for treatment is changing, with a rise in high fistulae that very likely occurred following cesarean section and a decline in the classic low fistulae that arise following obstructed childbirth. PMID:27445505

  5. Volcano-like intermittent bleeding activity for seven years from an arterio-enteric fistula on a kidney graft site after pancreas-kidney transplantation: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Introduction We report the first case of a patient who underwent simultaneous kidney and pancreas transplantation and who then suffered from repeated episodes of severe gastrointestinal bleeding over a period of seven years. Locating the site of gastrointestinal bleeding is a challenging task. This case illustrates that detection of an arterio-enteric fistula can be very difficult, especially in technically-challenging situations such as cases of severe intra-abdominal adhesions. It is important to consider the possibility of arterio-enteric fistulas in cases of intermittent bleeding episodes, especially in transplant patients. Case presentation A 40-year-old Caucasian man received a combined pancreas-kidney transplantation as a result of complications from diabetes mellitus type I. Thereafter, he suffered from intermittent clinically-relevant episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding. Repeat endoscopic, surgical, scintigraphic, and angiographic investigations during his episodes of acute bleeding could not locate the bleeding site. He finally died in hemorrhagic shock due to arterio-enteric bleeding at the kidney graft site, which was diagnosed post-mortem. Conclusions In accordance with the literature, we suggest considering the removal of any rejected transplant organs in situations where arterio-enteric fistulas seem likely but cannot be excluded by repeat conventional or computed tomography-angiographic methods. Arterio-enteric fistulas may intermittently bleed over many years. PMID:21059222

  6. Volcano-like intermittent bleeding activity for seven years from an arterio-enteric fistula on a kidney graft site after pancreas-kidney transplantation: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schölmerich Jürgen

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction We report the first case of a patient who underwent simultaneous kidney and pancreas transplantation and who then suffered from repeated episodes of severe gastrointestinal bleeding over a period of seven years. Locating the site of gastrointestinal bleeding is a challenging task. This case illustrates that detection of an arterio-enteric fistula can be very difficult, especially in technically-challenging situations such as cases of severe intra-abdominal adhesions. It is important to consider the possibility of arterio-enteric fistulas in cases of intermittent bleeding episodes, especially in transplant patients. Case presentation A 40-year-old Caucasian man received a combined pancreas-kidney transplantation as a result of complications from diabetes mellitus type I. Thereafter, he suffered from intermittent clinically-relevant episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding. Repeat endoscopic, surgical, scintigraphic, and angiographic investigations during his episodes of acute bleeding could not locate the bleeding site. He finally died in hemorrhagic shock due to arterio-enteric bleeding at the kidney graft site, which was diagnosed post-mortem. Conclusions In accordance with the literature, we suggest considering the removal of any rejected transplant organs in situations where arterio-enteric fistulas seem likely but cannot be excluded by repeat conventional or computed tomography-angiographic methods. Arterio-enteric fistulas may intermittently bleed over many years.

  7. Fistula and traumatic genital injury from sexual violence in a conflict setting in Eastern Congo: case studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longombe, Ahuka Ona; Claude, Kasereka Masumbuko; Ruminjo, Joseph

    2008-05-01

    The Eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is currently undergoing a brutal war. Armed groups from the DRC and neighbouring countries are committing atrocities and systematically using sexual violence as a weapon of war to humiliate, intimidate and dominate women, girls, their men and communities. Armed combatants take advantage with impunity, knowing they will not be held to account or pursued by police or judicial authorities. A particularly inhumane public health problem has emerged: traumatic gynaecological fistula and genital injury from brutal sexual violence and gang-rape, along with enormous psychosocial and emotional burdens. Many of the women who survive find themselves pregnant or infected with STIs/HIV with no access to treatment. This report was compiled at the Doctors on Call for Service/Heal Africa Hospital in Goma, Eastern Congo, from the cases of 4,715 women and girls who suffered sexual violence between April 2003 and June 2006, of whom 702 had genital fistula. It presents the personal experiences of seven survivors whose injuries were severe and long-term, with life-changing effects. The paper recommends a coordinated effort amongst key stakeholders to secure peace and stability, an increase in humanitarian assistance and the rebuilding of the infrastructure, human and physical resources, and medical, educational and judicial systems. PMID:18513615

  8. Two-dimensional power Doppler-three-dimensional ultrasound imaging of a cesarean section dehiscence with utero-peritoneal fistula: a case report

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    Royo Pedro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction An imaging diagnosis after an iterative cesarean delivery is reviewed demonstrating a fine ultrasound-pathologic correlation. Case presentation A 33-year-old woman (G3, P3 presented referring intense dysmenorrhea and intermenstrual spotting since her third cesarean delivery, 1 year before. A cesarean section dehiscence with utero-peritoneal fistula was diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound. Conclusion We can conclude that transvaginal two-dimensional power Doppler and three-dimensional ultrasound are highly accurate in detecting cesarean section dehiscence and uterine fistula.

  9. Endovascular Treatment of an Iatrogenic Right Internal Jugular Vein- Right Subclavian Artery Fistula and Pseudoaneurysm During the Attempt of a Hemodialysis Catheter Insertion: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Eui Min; Kim, Hyun Lee; Kim, Dong Hyun [Chosun University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-02-15

    Complications during the placement of a central venous catheter, via the right internal jugular vein puncture include local hematoma, hemothorax, pneumothorax, central vein thrombosis, and hemopericardium. Iatrogenic right internal jugular vein-right subclavian artery fistula with the formation of right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysms is an extremely rare complication in patients undergoing a central vein puncture. We report the case of a patient who developed a local hematoma at the vein puncture site and dyspnea due to a right internal jugular vein-subclavian artery fistula and a right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm at the mediastinum after puncture of right internal jugular vein. The patient was successfully treated by embolization using microcoils.

  10. Undetected Aorto-RV Fistula With Aortic Valve Injury and Delayed Cardiac Tamponade following a Chest Stab Wound: A Case Report

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    Jamil Esfahanizadeh

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Although a few patients will survive after penetrating cardiac injuries, some of them may have unnoticeable intracardiac injuries. The combination of aorto-right ventricular fistula with aortic valve injury is rare.Case Presentation: A 19 year-old man referred with an aorto-right ventricular fistula accompanied with aortic regurgitation and delayed tamponade following a stab in the chest. The patient was scheduled for fistula repair, aortic valve replacement and pericardectomy two months after trauma.Conclusions: To prevent missing intracardiac injury and also late cardiac injury complications, in all pericordial stab wounds, serial clinical examinations and serial echocardiography should be performed. In addition, cardiac injuries should be repaired during the same hospital stay.

  11. Peptic ulcers accompanied with gastrointestinal bleeding, pylorus obstruction and cholangitis secondary to choledochoduodenal fistula: A case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    XI, BIN; JIA, JUN-JUN; LIN, BING-YI; GENG, LEI; ZHENG, SHU-SEN

    2016-01-01

    Peptic ulcers are an extremely common condition, usually occurring in the stomach and proximal duodenum. However, cases of peptic ulcers accompanied with multiple complications are extremely rare and hard to treat. The present case reinforces the requirement for the early recognition and correct treatment of peptic ulcers accompanied with multiple complications. A 67-year-old man presented with recurrent abdominal pain, fever and melena. The laboratory results showed anemia (hemoglobin 62 g/l) and hypoproteinemia (23 g/l). Abdominal imaging examinations revealed stones in the gallbladder and right liver, with air in the dilated intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography failed due to a deformed pylorus. The patient was finally diagnosed with peptic ulcers accompanied with gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, pylorus obstruction and cholangitis secondary to a choledochoduodenal fistula during an emergency pancreatoduodenectomy, which was performed due to a massive hemorrhage of the GI tract. The patient recovered well after the surgery. PMID:26870237

  12. Acquired vesicovaginal fistula secondary to ovariohysterectomy in a bitch: a case report

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    Gadelha C.R.F.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A seven-year-old bitch was referred for investigation of a two-month history of strangury. Clinical signs had developed within two days of elective ovariohysterectomy. Ultrasonographic and radiographic examinations suggested stump pyometra or cervical granuloma and vesicovaginal fistula. Two laparotomies were performed to repair the adhesions, but no reduction in clinical signs was observed. Medical treatment was performed. Eight months later, the animal was admitted for examination and it appeared to be healthy but still had signs of strangury.

  13. Report of a complete second branchial fistula.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Khan, Mohammad Habibullah

    2010-08-01

    We report a case of complete congenital branchial fistula with an internal opening near the tonsillar fossa. Cysts, fistulas, and sinuses of the second branchial cleft are the most common developmental anomalies arising from the branchial apparatus. In our case, a 43-year-old man presented with a several-year history of a discharging sinus from the right side of his neck, consistent with a branchial fistula. He underwent various investigations and finally was treated with a one-stage complete surgical excision of the fistula tract. We describe the general clinical presentation, investigations, and surgical outcome of this case.

  14. Purulent Cutaneous Fistula: As the First Symptom of the Late Aortic Stent-Graft Infection—A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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    Damian Ziaja

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Aortic stent-graft infection with fistula formation is a rare complication with high mortality rate when treated surgically by stent-graft removal. We report a case of a patient with aortic stent-graft infection, prosthetic-duodenal, and prosthetic-cutaneous fistulas operated without the removal of an infected prosthesis and ineffectively tailored antibiotic therapy. Case Report. A 66-year-old patient with high cardiovascular risk and endovascular stent-graft implantation developed a symptomatic infection of the aortic stent graft 42 months after procedure. It was manifested by iliolumbar muscle abscess and two fistulas: prosthetic cutaneous and prosthetic duodenal. The prosthetic-duodenal fistula was excised and separated from the prosthesis. The perforation within the duodenum was closed in layers. Iliolumbar abscess was removed and drainage was effected .The stent graft was left. The patient received tailored antibiotic therapy. He was readmitted to hospital after 4 weeks with symptoms of infection and leakage of pus discharge in the lumbar area. Despite the antibiotic therapy, the total parenteral nutrition of the patient’s clinical status and malnutrition deteriorated and he died of cardiac arrest. Conclusion. The presented case confirms that leaving off of the infected stent graft in the patient with severe comorbidity and treated with a tailored antibiotic therapy may not be effective.

  15. Sonographic Diagnosis of Arterioportal Fistula

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    Canan Alkim

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. We aimed to identify and describe characteristic and diagnostic ultrasonographic features of arterioportal fistula cases. Patients. In this case series we describe 3 patients with arterioportal fistula. By depending on shared sonographic features of these patients we describe a “sonographic pattern” for the sonographic diagnosis of arterioportal fistula. Conclusion. In summary; both of the artery and vein related with fistula were wider than normal and seen as adjacent anechoic circles, there was an aneurismatic dilation on vein which has turbulent flow within it, the communication between the artery and aneurism can be seen sonographically, both of the vessels have arterial flow, filling of the vein was retrograde and other branches of the artery and vein unrelated with aneurism were all normal in dimension.

  16. A rare case of aortic sinuses of valsalva fistula to multiple cardiac chambers secondary to periannular aortic abscess formation from underlying Brucella endocarditis

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    Sabzi, Feridoun

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The concomitant presence of abnormal connection from three aortic valsalva sinuses to cardiac chambers is a rare complication of native aortic endocarditis. This case report presents a 37-year-old Iranian female patient who had native aortic valve endocarditis complicated by periannular abscess formation and subsequent perforation to multi-cardiac chambers associated with congestive heart failure and left bundle branch block. Multiple aorto-cavitary fistulas to right atrium, main pulmonary artery, and formation of a pocket over left atrial roof were detected by transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE. She had received a full course of antibiotics therapy in a local hospital and was referred to our center for further surgery. TTE not only detected multiple aorto-cavitary fistulas but also revealed large vegetation in aortic and mitral valve leaflets and also small vegetation in the entrance of fistula to right atrium. However, the tricuspid valve was not involved in infective endocarditis. She underwent open cardiac surgery with double valve replacement with biologic valves and reconstruction of left sinus of valsalva fistula to supra left atrial pocket by pericardial patch repair. The two other fistulas to main pulmonary artery and right atrium were closed via related chambers. The post-operative course was complicated by renal failure and prolonged dependency to ventilator that was managed accordingly with peritoneal dialysis and tracheostomy. The patient was discharged on the 25 day after admission in relatively good condition. The TTE follow-up one year after discharge revealed mild paravalvular leakage in aortic valve position, but the function of mitral valve was normal and no residual fistulas were detected.

  17. A rare case of aortic sinuses of valsalva fistula to multiple cardiac chambers secondary to periannular aortic abscess formation from underlying Brucella endocarditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabzi, Feridoun; Heidari, Aghighe; Faraji, Reza

    2015-01-01

    The concomitant presence of abnormal connection from three aortic valsalva sinuses to cardiac chambers is a rare complication of native aortic Brucella endocarditis. This case report presents a 37-year-old Iranian female patient who had native aortic valve Brucella endocarditis complicated by periannular abscess formation and subsequent perforation to multi-cardiac chambers associated with congestive heart failure and left bundle branch block. Multiple aorto-cavitary fistulas to right atrium, main pulmonary artery, and formation of a pocket over left atrial roof were detected by transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE). She had received a full course of antibiotics therapy in a local hospital and was referred to our center for further surgery. TTE not only detected multiple aorto-cavitary fistulas but also revealed large vegetation in aortic and mitral valve leaflets and also small vegetation in the entrance of fistula to right atrium. However, the tricuspid valve was not involved in infective endocarditis. She underwent open cardiac surgery with double valve replacement with biologic valves and reconstruction of left sinus of valsalva fistula to supra left atrial pocket by pericardial patch repair. The two other fistulas to main pulmonary artery and right atrium were closed via related chambers. The post-operative course was complicated by renal failure and prolonged dependency to ventilator that was managed accordingly with peritoneal dialysis and tracheostomy. The patient was discharged on the 25(th) day after admission in relatively good condition. The TTE follow-up one year after discharge revealed mild paravalvular leakage in aortic valve position, but the function of mitral valve was normal and no residual fistulas were detected. PMID:26605134

  18. Emphysematous prostatic abscess with rectoprostatic fistula

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    Po-Cheng Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Emphysematous prostatic abscess is a rare but relatively serious infectious disease, and its association with rectoprostatic fistula is extremely unusual. The reported risk factors for this condition include diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression, and prostate surgery. We report a rare case of emphysematous prostatic abscess successfully treated by transurethral drainage. Nonetheless, a rectoprostatic fistula was found postoperatively. The fistula healed spontaneously without fasting or fecal diversion after suprapubic cystostomy and placement of a urethral catheter. This case highlights the importance of surgical drainage for the treatment of an emphysematous prostatic abscess and that conservative treatment can be a safe and effective approach for an associated rectoprostatic fistula.

  19. Intractable Posterior Epistaxis due to a Spontaneous Low-Flow Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula: A Case Report and a Review of the Literature

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    A. Giotakis

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 90-year-old patient with intractable posterior epistaxis presenting as the only symptom of a nontraumatic low-flow carotid-cavernous sinus fistula. Purpose of this case report is to introduce low-flow carotid-cavernous sinus fistula in the differential diagnosis of intractable posterior epistaxis. We provide a literature review for the sequence of actions for the confrontation of posterior epistaxis. We also emphasize the significance of the radiological diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the management of posterior epistaxis due to pathology of the cavernous sinus. The gold-standard diagnostic procedure of carotid-cavernous sinus fistula is digital subtraction angiography (DSA. DSA with coils is also the state-of-the-art therapy. By failure of DSA, neurosurgery or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS may be used as alternatives. SRS may also be used as enhancement procedure of the DSA. Considering the prognosis of a successfully closed carotid-cavernous sinus fistula, recanalization occurs only in a minority of patients. Close follow-up is advised.

  20. Intractable Posterior Epistaxis due to a Spontaneous Low-Flow Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula: A Case Report and a Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giotakis, A.; Kral, F.; Riechelmann, H.; Freund, M.

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of a 90-year-old patient with intractable posterior epistaxis presenting as the only symptom of a nontraumatic low-flow carotid-cavernous sinus fistula. Purpose of this case report is to introduce low-flow carotid-cavernous sinus fistula in the differential diagnosis of intractable posterior epistaxis. We provide a literature review for the sequence of actions for the confrontation of posterior epistaxis. We also emphasize the significance of the radiological diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the management of posterior epistaxis due to pathology of the cavernous sinus. The gold-standard diagnostic procedure of carotid-cavernous sinus fistula is digital subtraction angiography (DSA). DSA with coils is also the state-of-the-art therapy. By failure of DSA, neurosurgery or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) may be used as alternatives. SRS may also be used as enhancement procedure of the DSA. Considering the prognosis of a successfully closed carotid-cavernous sinus fistula, recanalization occurs only in a minority of patients. Close follow-up is advised. PMID:26839726

  1. [ANEURYSMAL TYPE RENAL ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA WITH GIANT VENOUS ANEURYSM, MIMICKING RENAL CELL CARCINOMA: A CASE REPORT].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagumo, Yoshiyuki; Komori, Hiroka; Rii, Jyunryo; Ochi, Atsuhiko; Suzuki, Koichiro; Shiga, Naoki; Ota, Tomonori

    2015-04-01

    A 39-year-old man was referred to our clinic for a 7 cm tumor in the right kidney, found by simple CT scan. It was suspected as renal cell carcinoma accompanying tumor emboli in the inferior vena cava by enhanced CT scan. For further evaluation of the tumor emboli, color Doppler ultrasound and enhanced MRI was performed. They showed a large cystic lesion with high velocity turbulent flow and flow voids in T2-weighted imaging, it seemed as giant venous aneurysm of the right renal vein. Subsequently, angiography revealed aneurysmal type renal arteriovenous fistula (AVF), transarterial embolization (TAE) of the arterial feeder with coils was performed on the same day. After 6 months from embolization, there was no recurrences or reinterventions. Color Doppler ultrasound and MRI are beneficial in distinguishing vascular disease from neoplastic disease which may sometimes mimick in other diagnostic imaging studies. In addition TAE seems to be an effective treatment for the AVF. PMID:26415363

  2. A primary aorto-duodenal fistula associated with an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm: a case report.

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    Honjo,Osami

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Primary aorto-enteric fistula (PAEFis a serious complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm(AAA. We report a patient with PAEF associated with inflammatory AAA who underwent emergent surgery. A 52-year-old male presented with recurrent hematemesis. A computer tomography scan showed a sealed rupture of the AAA adjacent to the duodenum. At surgery, a coin-sized PAEF was noted. The aorta was replaced with a Dacron graft in situ . Histological examination revealed the characteristics of an inflammatory AAA. The postoperative course was uneventful, and there has been no evidence of infection during a follow-up period of 3 years. We discuss the etiologic and surgical considerations regarding this unusual entity.

  3. Characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of hypoglossal canal dural arteriovenous fistula: report of nine cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manabe, Shinji; Satoh, Koichi; Matsubara, Shunji; Satomi, Junichiro; Hanaoka, Mami; Nagahiro, Shinji [University of Tokushima, Department of Neurosurgery, Tokushima (Japan)

    2008-08-15

    We report the characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) of the hypoglossal canal in nine patients with this relatively rare vascular disorder. Of 248 patients with intracranial DAVFs managed at our institution, nine patients (3.6%; four men, five women; mean age 62 years) were diagnosed with hypoglossal canal DAVF. We investigated patient characteristics with respect to clinical symptoms, neuroradiological findings, efficacy and complications related to endovascular treatment. Seven patients had experienced head injury. All patients presented with pulsatile tinnitus. One patient displayed ipsilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy before treatment. MR angiography showed a 'magic wand' appearance between the affected hypoglossal canal and the internal jugular vein in four patients. Angiography demonstrated an AV fistula on the medial aspect of the superior jugular bulb, mostly arising from the bilateral occipital, ascending pharyngeal and vertebral arteries with drainage to the internal jugular vein via the anterior condylar vein. Contralateral carotid injection accurately clarified the shunting point. Five patients underwent endovascular treatment: transarterial embolization (TAE; n=2), transvenous embolization (TVE; n=2), and TAE/TVE (n=1). Complete shunt obliteration was achieved in four patients and shunt reduction in one. The remaining four patients were treated conservatively and the shunt had disappeared at follow-up. Postoperative hypoglossal nerve palsy occurred in one patient after TVE, possibly due to coil overpacking. The incidence of hypoglossal canal DAVF was not very low in our series. Contralateral carotid injection is an essential examination to provide an accurate diagnosis. TVE should be considered when access is available, although TAE is also appropriate for shunt reduction. (orig.)

  4. Lacrimal gland fistula after upper eyelid blepharoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available To report the first case of lacrimal gland fistula after upper eyelid blepharoplasty for blepharochalasis. Standard upper blepharoplasty and the hooding excision were performed in a female with blepharochalasis. The patient developed a fistulous tract with tearing from the incision few days after hooding excision. Fistula excision and lacrimal gland repositioning were performed. There were no complications after the repositioning procedure (6 months follow up. Prolapsed lacrimal gland and fistula formation can occur after upper blepharoplasty hooding excision.

  5. Spontaneous enterocutaneous fistula due to femoral hernia

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Awanish; Pahwa, Harvinder Singh; Pandey, Anand; Kumar, Suresh

    2012-01-01

    Spontaneous enterocutaneous fistula is a rare entity. We encountered a case of spontaneous enterocutaneous fistula in the groin region due to femoral hernia. A 60-year-old man presented with spontaneous enterocutaneous fistula in the left groin region without signs of peritonitis. He was kept on conservative treatment, but on third postadmission day, he developed a swelling in his right groin, which became firm and irreducible with signs of intestinal obstruction. On exploratory laparotomy, b...

  6. Complex 3D Blood Flow Pathways in Two Cases of Aorta to Right Heart Fistulae: a 4D Flow MRI study

    OpenAIRE

    Thakrar, Darshit; Popescu, Andrada; Gupta, Suraj; de Freitas, Andrew; Russell, Hyde; Carr, James; Markl, Michael

    2013-01-01

    We present an analysis of 3D blood flow in two cases of Sinus of Valsalva to right heart fistulae based on 4D flow MRI. Despite similar underlying pathology, 3D visualization revealed intricate differences in flow patterns connecting the systemic and pulmonary circulation. The cases illustrates the potential of 4D flow MRI to complement the evaluation of complex structural heart disease by assessing complex flow dynamics and providing quantitative information of flow ratios and flow rates.

  7. Fístula axilo-cava para hemodiálise: relato de caso Axillary arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosio Nagato

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Na confecção de fístula arteriovenosa (FAV para hemodiálise, condutos venosos autógenos demonstram performance superior quando comparados com material protético em relação à perviedade primária ou secundária. A prótese de politetrafluoroetileno (PTFE é reservada para casos de falência de material autógeno e é geralmente utilizada em fístulas em membros superiores. Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente de 52 anos que, após falência de acessos para hemodiálise e impossibilidade de realização de diálise peritoneal em razão de peritonite bacteriana, foi submetida à confecção de FAV entre a artéria axilar direita e a veia cava inferior com prótese de PTFE de 6 mm. O acesso foi utilizado para hemodiálise 1 mês após sua criação e permanece pérvio após 24 meses. Até o momento, não houve complicações infecciosas, sinais de insuficiência cardíaca ou síndrome de roubo em membro superior direito.With regards to the creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AV fistula for hemodialysis, autogenous venous grafts clearly show high performance when compared with prosthetic material in terms of primary or secondary patency. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE grafts for the reconstruction of AV fistulae must be restricted to cases of failure of the autogenous material, which is generally used in upper limb fistulae. We describe a case of a 52-year-old patient, who, after access failure for hemodialysis and the impossibility of performing peritoneal dialysis due to bacterial peritonitis, underwent the reconstruction of an AV fistula between the right axillary artery and the cava vein using a 6-mm PTFE prosthesis. One month after surgery, this AV fistula started to be used for hemodialysis. The AV fistula remains patent 24 months after its creation. No infectious complications, cardiac insufficiency symptoms, or steal syndromes of right upper limb were detected.

  8. Transarterial detachable coil embolization combined with ipsilateral intermittent carotid oppression for traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula with small fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing Huang; Hongbing Zhang; Gang Wang; Jun Yang; Yanlong Hu; Jianxin Liu

    2015-01-01

    One case of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (TCCF) with small fistula treated by transarterial detachable coil embolization was reported.The intermittent ipsilateral carotid compression was used to identify the final blocking of the residual fistula.The follow-up digital subtraction angiography showed that the TCCF was cured finally, From this case, we conclude that this method may be an effective way to treat TCCF with small fistula.

  9. Primary Aorto-Duodenal Fistula as a Late Complication of Radiotherapy: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Puccio

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Primary aorto-duodenal fistula (PADF is a rare condition that may result in rapid exsanguination if untreated. PADF due to radiotherapy appears to be extremely rare with only a few cases reported in the medical literature. We report the case of a 61-year-old man who presented with massive gastrointestinal bleeding 25 years after surgery and radiotherapy for seminoma of the testicle and was successfully treated at our institution. We also review the literature on this very uncommon condition. A Medline search was conducted for the period from 1966 to June 2006 to identify case reports of PADF following radiotherapy. Only 7 cases of PADF due to radiotherapy were identified in addition to our own, 4 males and 3 females, aged 40 to 73 years, all treated for various forms of abdominal malignancies. The latency period ranged from 2 weeks to 25 years. None of the aortas were aneurysmatic. One patient died before he could be taken to the operating room. 5 patients underwent surgical repair and 4 survived. 2 patients underwent endovascular treatment but did not survive. PADF may develop up to 25 years after radiotherapy. Diagnosis should be considered when massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding develops in a patient who had previous abdominal radiotherapy, no matter how long before the episode of bleeding. Prompt surgical repair offers a reasonable chance of cure. Endovascular procedures do not appear to be efficacious.

  10. Intracranial arteriovenous malformation and dural arteriovenous fistula embedded in a meningioma—case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moujahed Labidi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The association between a vascular malformation and a meningioma is a rare occurrence intracranially. We document the case of a 59-year-old man who presented with a right parietal extra-axial mass with headaches and seizures. Hemangiopericytoma was initially suspected on the basis of an unusual vascular pattern and rapid lesion progression. Angiography revealed abnormal vessels and an early draining vein associated with the mass. Arterial feeders were primarily from the middle cerebral artery with discrete contribution from both middle meningeal arteries. Craniotomy and Simpson 0 resection of the lesion were undertaken and revealed the coexistence of a dural based tumor with an AVM and a dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF. Histology and immunohistochemistry were consistent with the diagnosis of meningioma and associated AVM. This case represents the eleventh report of an AVM associated with a meningioma, among which only 6 were contiguous. Such cases illustrate the pathogenic roles of angiogenesis and inflammation that is common to AVMs, dAVF and meningiomas.

  11. The Use Of Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT In The Management Of Enteroatmospheric FistulaCase Report And Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaguścik Rajmund

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available An enteric fistula that occurs in an open abdomen is called an enteroatmospheric fistula (EAF and is the most challenging complication for a surgical team to deal with. The treatment of EAF requires a multidisciplinary approach. First of all, sepsis has to be managed. Any fluid, electrolyte and metabolic disorders need to be corrected. Oral intake must be stopped and total parenteral nutrition introduced. The control and drainage of the effluent from the fistula is a separate issue. Since there are no fixed algorithms for the treatment of EAF, surgeons need to develop their own, often highly unconventional solutions.

  12. Secondary aortoduodenal fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Girolamo Geraci; Franco Pisello; Francesco Li Volsi; Tiziana Facella; Lina Platia; Giuseppe Modica; Carmelo Sciumè

    2008-01-01

    Aorto-duodenal fistulae (ADF) are the most frequent aorto-enteric fistulae (80%), presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We report the first case of a man with a secondary aorto-duodenal fistula presenting with a history of persistent occlusive syndrome. A 59-year old man who underwent an aortic-bi-femoral bypass 5 years ago, presented with dyspepsia and biliary vomiting. Computed tomography scan showed in the third duodenal segment the presence of inflammatory tissue with air bubbles between the duodenum and prosthesis, adherent to the duodenum. The patient was submitted to surgery, during which the prosthesis was detached from the duodenum, the intestine failed to close and a gastro-jejunal anastomosis was performed. The post-operative course was simple, secondary ADF was a complication (0.3%-2%) of aortic surgery. Mechanical erosion of the prosthetic material into the bowel was due to the lack of interposed retroperitoneal tissue or the excessive pulsation of redundantly placed grafts or septic procedures. The third or fourth duodenal segment was most frequently involved. Diagnosis of ADF was difficult. Surgical treatment is always recommended by explorative laparotomy. ADF must be suspected whenever a patient with aortic prosthesis has digestive bleeding or unexplained obstructive syndrome. Rarely the clinical picture of ADF is subtle presenting as an obstructive syndrome and in these cases the principal goal is to effectively relieve the mechanical bowel obstruction.

  13. Documented development of a dural arteriovenous fistula in an infant subsequent to sinus thrombosis: case report and review of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Controversy exists as to whether sinus thrombosis is the cause or the result of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) and to whether DAVF are congenital or acquired lesions, especially in children. An infant presented with rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm diagnosed with computed tomography angiography and catheter angiography. Pretreatment hospital course was complicated by extensive dural sinus thrombosis. Subsequent arteriography showed a new adult-type dural arteriovenous fistula to the previously thrombosed right sigmoid sinus. This is the first report of definitive angiographic documentation of the development of an adult-type DAVF after recanalization of a thrombosed dural sinus in a child. This case confirms the acquired etiology of at least one type of DAVF in children, even at this young age. We review the previously documented cases of formation of DAVF subsequent to sinus thrombosis with serial angiography in adults. (orig.)

  14. Nonsurgical Management of Pancreaticopleural Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran N

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Pancreaticopleural fistula is seen in acute and chronic pancreatitis or after traumatic or surgical disruption of the pancreatic duct. Surgery leads to healing in 80-90% of cases but carries a mortality of up to 10%. AIM: Our aim was to assess the management of pancreaticopleural fistula on a specialist pancreatic Unit. METHODS: Patients presenting with pancreaticopleural fistulae were identified from acute and chronic pancreatitis databases. Management and outcome were compared with previous studies identified in MEDLINE and EMBASE. RESULTS: Four patients presented with dyspnoea from large unilateral pleural effusions. Three had a history of alcohol abuse and one of asymptomatic gallstones. All were treated with chest drainage, octreotide and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography plus/minus pancreatic stent. Two had a pancreatic stent in situ for 5 and 8.5 months respectively. In the third sphincterotomy was performed; in the fourth the pancreatic duct could not be cannulated. The fistula healed in all cases, with no recurrence after 12-30 months, and no deaths. There are 14 reports including 16 cases treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography plus/minus pancreatic stent in the literature, with no recurrence after follow up ranging 4-30 months and no deaths in these 16 cases. CONCLUSIONS: A high index of suspicion is necessary to be aware of its presence. These data suggest that endoscopic management is preferable alternative to surgery for pancreaticopleural fistula.

  15. Optimizing management of pancreaticopleural fistulas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marek Wronski; Maciej Slodkowski; Wlodzimierz Cebulski; Daniel Moronczyk; Ireneusz W Krasnodebski

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the management of pancreaticopleu ral fistulas involving early endoscopic instrumentation of the pancreatic duct.METHODS: Eight patients with a spontaneous pancre aticopleural fistula underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with an intention to stent the site of a ductal disruption as the primary treatment. Imaging features and management were evaluated retrospectively and compared with outcome.RESULTS: In one case, the stent bridged the site of a ductal disruption. The fistula in this patient closed within 3 wk. The main pancreatic duct in this case appeared normal, except for a leak located in the body of the pancreas. In another patient, the papilla of Vater could not be found and cannulation of the pancreatic duct failed. This patient underwent surgical treatment. In the remaining 6 cases, it was impossible to insert a stent into the main pancreatic duct properly so as to cover the site of leakage or traverse a stenosis situated down stream to the fistula. The placement of the stent failedbecause intraductal stones (n = 2) and ductal strictures (n = 2) precluded its passage or the stent was too short to reach the fistula located in the distal part of the pan creas (n = 2). In 3 out of these 6 patients, the pancre aticopleural fistula closed on further medical treatment. In these cases, the main pancreatic duct was normal or only mildly dilated, and there was a leakage at the body/tail of the pancreas. In one of these 3 patients, additional percutaneous drainage of the peripancreatic fluid collections allowed better control of the leakage and facilitated resolution of the fistula. The remaining 3 patients had a tight stenosis of the main pancreatic duct resistible to dilatation and the stent could not be inserted across the stenosis. Subsequent conservative treatment proved unsuccessful in these patients. After a failed therapeutic ERCP, 3 patients in our series devel oped super infection of the pleural or peripancreatic

  16. Vacuum assisted closure for the treatment of complex wounds and enterocutaneous fistulas in full term and premature neonates: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Paradiso, Filomena Valentina; Nanni, Lorenzo; Merli, Laura; De Marco, Erika Adalgisa; Catania, Vincenzo Davide; Taddei, Alessandra; Manzoni, Carlo; Conti, Giorgio

    2016-01-01

    Background The Vacuum Assisted Closure (VAC) system has become an effective treatment for acute and chronic wound defects. Although its use has been reported in wound care of children and premature infants, the management of the device in this population has not been well established. Case presentation We report the satisfactory results in two neonates (one full-term and one preterm) with complex wounds secondary to major abdominal surgery. In the premature baby an enterocutaneous fistula was...

  17. Minimal Invasive Coronary Artery Fistula Ligation

    OpenAIRE

    Mitropoulos, Fotios A.; Kanakis, Meletios A.; Chatzis, Andrew; Contrafouris, Constantinos; Sofianidou, Ioanna A.; Lioulias, Achilleas G.

    2014-01-01

    A coronary artery fistula was surgically ligated in a 38-year-old woman via a left anterior mini-thoracotomy without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. In selected cases, this surgical approach can provide an excellent surgical exposure for coronary artery fistula ligation. It also offers an excellent cosmetic result and shorter hospital stay.

  18. [Two Cases of Emergency Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support in Children Suffering from Tracheo-innominate Artery Fistula].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ideno, Satoshi; Shinto, Atsushi; Matsuoka, Taku; Miyazawa, Noriko; Yamamoto, Shinichi

    2016-02-01

    Tracheoinnominate artery fistula (TIF) is a relatively rare life-threating complication of long-term tracheostomy. Two patients with TIF were successfully resuscitated by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support along with advanced cardiovascular life support. The first patient was a 16-year-old boy undergoing long-term tracheostomy because of cerebral palsy, and the other patient was a previously healthy 11-year-old girl who had undergone primary tracheal tumor resection. In both cases, the onset of TIF was sudden, and the patients were immediately transferred to the operating room for emergency thoracotomy under ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Innominate artery division was performed under ECMO support. Adequate fluid replacement and hemorrhage control are primary treatment options for resuscitating a patient with TIF. However, hemorrhagic shock in patients with TIF is different from that in other patients, because bleeding into the trachea causes severe respiratory failure and poor oxygenation, which may worsen the resuscitation rate. Thus, ECMO can be used as an option for maintaining oxygenation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in TIF. Anesthesiologists should pay attention to the increased risk of bleeding due to anticoagulation during ECMO initiation. In conclusion, the results of these cases demonstrate the effectiveness of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in TIF patients. PMID:27017768

  19. Diagnostic and therapeutic approach of congenital solitary coronary artery fistulas in adults : Dutch case series and review of literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Said, S. A. M.; Nijhuis, R. L. G.; op den Akker, J. W.; Kimman, G. P.; Van Houwelingen, K. G.; Gerrits, D.; Huisman, A. B.; Slart, R. H. J. A.; Nicastia, D. M.; Koomen, E. M.; Tans, A. C.; Al-Windy, N. Y. Y.; Sonker, U.; Slagboom, T.; Pronk, A. C. B.

    2011-01-01

    Background Coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) are infrequent anomalies, coincidentally detected during coronary angiography (CAG). Aim To elucidate the currently used diagnostic imaging modalities and applied therapeutic approaches. Materials and Methods Five Dutch patients were found to have CAFs. A t

  20. Contaminated fistula following J-pouch ileoanal reservoir. Treatment with a collagen sponge containing gentamicin and metronidazole. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, R; Bülow, Steffen; Moesgaard, F

    1991-01-01

    In a 55-year-old woman, a 1 x 5 cm fistula developed in the ileoanal anastomosis after restorative proctocolectomy with J-pouch ileoanal reservoir and temporary ileostomy for intractable ulcerative colitis. The fistula extended between the pouch and the sacral bone. Lasting closure was achieved b...... by intrafistular placement of a collagen sponge containing gentamicin and soaked in metronidazole solution and pouch drainage through a transanal Foley catheter....

  1. Contaminated fistula following J-pouch ileoanal reservoir. Treatment with a collagen sponge containing gentamicin and metronidazole. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, R; Bülow, Steffen; Moesgaard, F

    1991-01-01

    In a 55-year-old woman, a 1 x 5 cm fistula developed in the ileoanal anastomosis after restorative proctocolectomy with J-pouch ileoanal reservoir and temporary ileostomy for intractable ulcerative colitis. The fistula extended between the pouch and the sacral bone. Lasting closure was achieved b...... intrafistular placement of a collagen sponge containing gentamicin and soaked in metronidazole solution and pouch drainage through a transanal Foley catheter....

  2. Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula associated with persistent primitive trigeminal artery treated by transarterial coil embolization--case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Nozomu; Miyachi, Shigeru; Oi, Sachie; Yamamoto, Naohito

    2011-01-01

    A 30-year-old woman presented with traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula associated with persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) manifesting as right conjunctival chemosis, exophthalmos, and diplopia. The lesion was treated successfully by trans-arterial coil embolization using the double catheter method with balloon assist. Injury to the PPTA is relatively rare and the PPTA should be sacrificed together with the fistula during the repair. PMID:21273742

  3. Pattern of non-obstetric infectious recto-vaginal fistula: a case series and literature review in Cameroon, Central Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre Marie Tebeu; Roger Guy Michel Ekono; Jovanny Tsuala Fouogue; Gregory Ekane Halle; Joel Domgue Fokom; Charles Henry Rochat

    2016-01-01

    Background: Perineal infection is an uncommon cause of non-obstetrical recto-vaginal fistula (RVF) which is associated with HIV infection. Cameroon (Central Africa) is in the fistula belt but infectious RVFs have not yet been deeply studied in the country. We therefore sought to determine the pattern of non-obstetric infectious RVF in Cameroon. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional and descriptive review of non-obstetric infectious RVFs managed at the Yaound and eacute; University Teac...

  4. Modified prosthesis for the treatment of malignant esophagotracheal fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Esophagotracheal fistula is usually a sequela of irradiation or laser treatment of advanced carcinoma of the esophagus or the tracheobronchial tree. Resection of the tumor in these cases is not possible, and palliative bypass surgery is highly risky. The peroral placement of a prosthesis is less invasive, but conventional prostheses often fail to occlude the fistula. The authors regularly use an endoscopic multiple-diameter bougie for dilation. After dilation, a specially designed prosthesis is pushed through the tumor stenosis to block the fistula. This procedure can be done without general anesthesia. The funnels of conventional prostheses cannot cover the fistula when there is either a wide, proximal esophagus above the fistula or a high fistula. To cope with this particular situation, a special fistula funnel was developed. It perfectly occludes the fistulas in all patients. Of 21 patients, 19 were discharged without further aspiration

  5. Enigma of primary aortoduodenal fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Miklosh Bala; Jacob Sosna; Liat Appelbaum; Eran Israeli; Avraham I Rivkind

    2009-01-01

    A diagnosis of primary aortoenteric fistula is difficult to make despite a high level of clinical suspicion. It should be considered in any elderly patient who presents with upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the context of a known abdominal aortic aneurysm. We present the case of young man with no history of abdominal aortic aneurysm who presented with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Initial misdiagnosis led to a delay in treatment and the patient succumbing to the illness. This case is unique in that the fistula formed as a result of complex atherosclerotic disease of the abdominal aorta, and not from an aneurysm.

  6. Posterior cranial fossa arteriovenous fistula with presenting as caroticocavernous fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, H.M.; Shih, H.C.; Huang, Y.C.; Wang, Y.H. [Dept. of Medical Imaging, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei (Taiwan)

    2001-05-01

    We report cases of posterior cranial fossa arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with presenting with exophthalmos, chemosis and tinnitus in 26- and 66-year-old men. The final diagnoses was vertebral artery AVF and AVF of the marginal sinus, respectively. The dominant venous drainage was the cause of the unusual presentation: both drained from the jugular bulb or marginal sinus, via the inferior petrosal and cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic vein. We used endovascular techniques, with coils and liquid adhesives to occlude the fistulae, with resolution of the symptoms and signs. (orig.)

  7. Fistulotomy and marsupialisation for simple fistula-in-ano.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, C Y

    1992-06-01

    Nineteen consecutive cases of simple fistula-in-ano treated with fistulotomy and marsupialisation were retrospectively reviewed. Fourteen cases were simple intersphincteric and the remaining 5 cases were uncomplicated transphincteric fistulae. The cases were followed up for between 3 to 10 months (mean 6.9 months). There were no reports of bowel incontinence or recurrence of fistula. The advantages of this 'tissue conserving' procedure are discussed in the paper. PMID:1631585

  8. Large Urethro-Vesico-Vaginal Fistula due to a Vaginal Foreign Body in a 22-Year-Old Woman: Case Report and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Elia, Carolina; Curti, Pierpaolo; Cerruto, Maria Angela; Monaco, Carmelo; Artibani, Walter

    2015-01-01

    In the non-industrialized countries of Africa and Asia obstetric fistulas are more frequently caused by prolonged labour, whereas in countries with developed healthcare systems they are generally the result of complications of gynaecological surgery or, rarely, benign pathologies like inflammation or foreign bodies. A 22-year-old woman was brought to the gynaecology clinic because of foul-smelling vaginal discharge. On pelvic examination a ring-like foreign body was impacted between the anterior and posterior vaginal wall. MRI scan confirmed the presence of a cylindrical foreign body in the vagina and the patient revealed that she had 'involuntarily' inserted a plastic bubble bath cap into the vagina. At surgery removal of the cap was difficult and at the end of the manoeuver evidence of a huge urethro-vesico-vaginal fistula occurred. The patient was discharged with bilateral ureteral stents and suprapubic catheter. After 3 months we performed an end-to-end anastomotic urethroplasty to repair the urethral avulsion and restored the bladder/trigonal and vaginal/cervical defects with 3 layers of sutures; 3 months later the patient had no complaints. Complex genital fistulas represent an extremely debilitating morbidity. In our case, a vaginal approach was successful, but the choice between an abdominal or vaginal approach depends on the surgeon's experience and training. PMID:25138359

  9. A case of Scimitar syndrome with H-type tracheoesophageal fistula and multiple anomalies: Diagnosis using electrocardiography-gate chest CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Kyung Jae; Kang, Eun Ju; Lee, Ki Nam; Jo, Jeong Hyun [Dept. of Radiology, Dong-A University Hospital, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    Scimitar syndrome is a rare, combined abnormality of bronchopulmonary development and pulmonary vascular development characterized by an anomalous pulmonary venous return to the inferior vena cava. Although the scimitar syndrome has been associated with many anomalies, a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), especially from H-type, is extremely rare and only a few cases have been reported without detailed descriptions. Herein we report a rare case of scimitar syndrome with H-type TEF and multiple anomalies in a newborn infant, with a special emphasis on the imaging features associated with the radiologic diagnosis using an electrocardiography-gated computed tomography.

  10. Gastropulmonary Fistula after Bariatric Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maya Doumit

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common operations for morbid obesity. Although rare, gastropulmonary fistulas are an important complication of this procedure. There is only one recently reported case of this complication. The present report describes the serious nature of this complication in a patient after an uneventful laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery.

  11. Vesicouterine fistula and blind vagina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of vesicouterine fistula with blind vagina following cesarean section for obstructed labor is presented. It was surgically treated by fistulectomy, cervicoplasty and maintenance of bladder and cervical potency by catheterization. Intrauterine synechiae formation was prevented by copper T insertion and oral contraceptive pills. The patient is making uneventful a symptomatic progress planning to conceive. (author)

  12. Ureteroarterial Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. H. Kim

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Ureteral-iliac artery fistula (UIAF is a rare life threatening cause of hematuria. The increasing frequency is attributed to increasing use of ureteral stents. A 68-year-old female presented with gross hematuria. She had prior low anterior resection for rectal cancer and a retained ureteral stent. CT abdomen and pelvis showed a large recurrent pelvic mass and a retained stent. The patient underwent cystoscopy which showed a normal bladder. Upon removal of the stent, brisk bleeding was noted coming from the ureteral orifice. Antegrade pyelogram was done which revealed a UIAF. Angiography was done and a covered stent was placed. Multiple treatment options are available. All must consider management of the arterial and ureteral side. The arterial side may be addressed by primary open repair, embolization with extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction, or endovascular stenting. The ureter can be managed with nephroureterectomy, ureteral reconstruction, placement of a nephrostomy tube, or ureteral stenting. Being minimally invasive, we believe that endovascular stenting should be the preferred therapeutic option as it also corrects the source of bleeding while preserving distal blood flow.

  13. Fistula gastrocólica Gastrocolic fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Cruz Henriques

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available A case of gastrocolic fistula(GCF in a patient with duodenal stenosis who had previously undergone gastroenteric anastomosis is reported. The patient went through hemigastrectomy, partial colectomy and segmental enterectomy with bloc resection. Reconstruction was carried out through Billroth II gastrojejunostomy, jejunojejunostomy and end-to-end anastomosis of the colon. The patient had good post-operative evolution and was discharged from hospital seven days after surgery. GCF should be suspected in patients presenting weight loss, diarrhea and fecal vomiting, mainly with history of peptic ulcer surgery, gastric or colonic malignancy and use of steroidal and nonsteroidal antiinflamatory drugs. Barium enema is the choice test for diagnosis, however, the benign or malignant nature of the lesion should always be evaluated through high digestive endoscopy. Clinical treatment with oral H2-antagonists and discontinuing ulcerogenic medications might be indicated in some cases; surgical treatment is indicated in cases of malignant disease and might be indicated in cases of peptic disease as it treats GCF and also the baseline disease. Some advise upwards colostomy at first. The most used technique is bloc resection, including the fistulous tract, hemigastrectomy and partial colectomy. Gastrectomy, fistulous tract excision and colon suturing may be performed in some cases. The mortality rate is related to metabolic disorders and the recurrence with the use of antiinflammatory drugs.

  14. Glaucoma secundário à fístula carótido-cavernosa espontânea com resolução após a embolização da fístula: relato de caso Secondary glaucoma following carotid cavernous fistula resolved after fistula's embolization: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Jarczun Kac

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Fístulas carótido-cavernosas espontâneas são raras e ocorrem mais frequentemente em mulheres de meia-idade. Os autores relatam um caso de uma fístula carótido-cavernosa espontânea em mulher idosa evoluindo com glaucoma de difícil controle. Após a embolização cirúrgica da fístula a paciente apresentou regressão da sintomatologia e normalização da pressão intraocular.Spontaneous carotid cavernous fistulas are a rare entity occurring more frequently in middle aged women. The authors report a case of a spontaneous carotid cavernous fistula in an elderly woman resulting in glaucoma of hard management. After surgical embolization of the fistula, the symptoms regressed and the intraocular pressure moved back to regular levels.

  15. Transcatheter embolization of hepatic arteriovenous fistulas in Rendu-Osler-Weber disease: a case report and review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stockx, L.; Raat, H.; Caerts, B.; Wilms, G.; Marchal, G. [Department of Radiology, Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium); Cutsem, E. van [Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium)

    1999-09-01

    A patient with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and diffuse intrahepatic arteriovenous fistulas developed secondary high-output ventricular failure and pulmonary hypertension. A serial staged hepatic arterial coil embolization was performed with long-term resultant haemodynamic and clinical improvement. The methods of this procedure and related complications are discussed. (orig.) With 2 figs., 2 tabs., 13 refs.

  16. A case of rectovagino-vesical fistula due to radiation therapy for uterine cancer treated with covered expandable metallic stent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohtsukasa, Shunroh; Okabe, Satoshi; Tanami, Hideaki [Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine] (and others)

    2002-04-01

    A 65-year-old woman had received a panhysterectomy and radiation therapy for a uterine cancer in 1974 and underwent a drainage operation for a peritonitis due to rupture of the bladder associated with radiation cystitis in 1983. A rectovesical fistula was revealed and partial resection of the bladder and rectum was performed in 1996. In 1998, rectovesical fistula recurred and symptom of fecaluria and contact-type dermatitis at perineal region subsequently worsened. In February, 2000, colonoscopy and gastrograffin-enema revealed a giant recto-vagino-vesical fistula. Although we recommended ileostomy, the patient refused our offer. She gave informed consent to our proposal about the insertion of a covered expandable metallic stent (EMS) into the rectum to treat for fecaluria. After insertion of a covered EMS, fecaluria and contact-type dermatitis at perineal region subsequently improved. Three months later, fecaluria appeared again. Finally, seven months later, severe inflammation occurred at perineal and pubic region because of migration of the covered EMS into the bladder, then we removed the covered EMS and performed ileostomy. It is difficult to use the covered EMS treatment for benign rectovesical or rectovaginal fistula for a long term. (author)

  17. 胆囊十二指肠瘘13例诊治体会%Diagnosis and treatment of gallbladder fistula(report of 13 cases)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任光学; 张建华; 高志强; 李建文; 李锐; 蔡宏俊; 龚建华

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the diagnosis and treatment of cholecystoduodenal fistula. Methods Clinical data of 13 patient between Jan. 1995 and Aug. 2010 were retrospectively analysed. Results One case was definite diagnosed before operation; the other 12 cases was diagnosed in opera-tion;all of the 13 cases was cured;there were 1 case which tolerate Biliary Leak and 3 cases which tolerate infection of incisional wound. 1 with pulmonary infection. Conclusion Gallbladder stones has not been timely and effective treatment is the main reason for the formation of gallbladder duodenal fistula, fistula occur in the duodenal bulb to the most common gallbladder duodenum fistula. Endoscopy and other related inspection and intraoperative exploration to reduce the incidence of misdiagnosis. Choice of surgical approach and perioperative comprehensive treatment is the key to improved patient outcomes.%目的 探讨胆囊十二指肠瘘的诊治策略.方法 对1995年1月至2010年8月湖北省宜昌市夷陵医院普外科收治的13例胆囊十二指肠瘘病例的临床资料进行回顾性分析.结果 术前确诊1例,术中确诊12例;术后发生胆漏1例,切口感染3例,肺部感染1例;13例全部治愈.结论 胆囊结石没有获得及时有效的治疗是形成胆囊十二指肠瘘的主要原因,瘘口好发于十二指肠球部,以胆囊体十二指肠瘘最为常见.胃镜等相关检查和术中探查可减少漏诊的发生.手术方式的选择和围手术期综合治疗是改善病人预后的关键.

  18. Pharyngocutaneous fistula after anterior cervical spine surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Sansur, Charles A.; Early, Stephen; Reibel, James; Arlet, Vincent

    2009-01-01

    Pharyngocutaneous fistulae are rare complications of anterior spine surgery occurring in less than 0.1% of all anterior surgery cases. We report a case of a 19 year old female who sustained a C6 burst fracture with complete quadriplegia. She was treated urgently with a C6 corpectomy with anterior cage and plating followed by posterior cervical stabilization at another institution. Post operatively she developed a pharyngocutaneous fistula that failed to heal despite several attempts of closu...

  19. MRI in perianal fistulae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MRI has become the method of choice for evaluating perianal fistulae due to its ability to display the anatomy of the sphincter muscles orthogonally, with good contrast resolution. In this article we give an outline of the classification of perianal fistulae and present a pictorial assay of sphincter anatomy and the MRI findings in perianal fistulae. This study is based on a retrospective analysis of 43 patients with a clinical diagnosis of perianal fistula. MRI revealed a total of 44 fistulae in 35 patients; eight patients had only perianal sinuses

  20. MRI in perianal fistulae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khera Pushpinder

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available MRI has become the method of choice for evaluating perianal fistulae due to its ability to display the anatomy of the sphincter muscles orthogonally, with good contrast resolution. In this article we give an outline of the classification of perianal fistulae and present a pictorial assay of sphincter anatomy and the MRI findings in perianal fistulae. This study is based on a retrospective analysis of 43 patients with a clinical diagnosis of perianal fistula. MRI revealed a total of 44 fistulae in 35 patients; eight patients had only perianal sinuses.

  1. Traumatic arteriovenous fistula. Apropos of a case Fístula arteriovenosa postraumática. A propósito de un caso

    OpenAIRE

    María Victoria Gordis Aguilera.; Denis González Escalona; Oscar Duménigo Arias; Manuel Otero Reyes

    2011-01-01

    The traumatisms that affect the extremities represent 80% of all the vascular traumatisms approximately. The inadequate handling of these it contributes to fateful consequences as the loss of the life or of the function of the extremity. The vascular lesions for firearm constitute one of the main causes with the appearance of arteriovenous fistula. We present the case of a 36 year old masculine patient with antecedents of having hurt 1 year ago by firearm in the root of the left thigh goes to...

  2. Management of a case of colovesical fistula with fecaluria as first sign

    OpenAIRE

    Gingu C; Dick A; Ianiotescu I; Baston C; Crasneanu M; Andresanu A; Domnisor L; Brasoveanu V; Martiniuc A; Sinescu I

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Fecaluria and pneumaturia are the patognomonic signs of an abnormal communication between the bladder and the intestinal tract. Therefore, when a history of digestive signs, symptoms or digestive diseases is missing, this borderline pathology leads the patients in the care of urologists. From diagnosis to treatment the management of these cases can be difficult and challenging. Materials and Methods. A 48 year old patient, without any significant medical history, presented t...

  3. Early Recognition of H-Type Tracheoesophageal Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Riazulhaq

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF without associated esophageal atresia (EA is a rare congenital anomaly. Diagnosis in neonatal period is usually not made and most of the patients are treated as cases of pneumonia. A case of H-type of tracheoesophageal fistula, diagnosed within 24 hours of delivery based upon choking and cyanosis on first trial of feed, is being reported. Diagnosis was confirmed with contrast esophagram. Through cervical approach fistula was repaired and baby had uneventful post operative outcome.

  4. Endovascular therapy of arteriovenous fistulae with electrolytically detachable coils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jansen, O.; Doerfler, A.; Forsting, M.; Hartmann, M.; Kummer, R. von; Tronnier, V.; Sartor, K. [Dept. of Neuroradiology, University of Heidelberg Medical School (Germany)

    1999-12-01

    We report our experience in using Guglielmi electrolytically detachable coils (GDC) alone or in combination with other materials in the treatment of intracranial or cervical high-flow fistulae. We treated 14 patients with arteriovenous fistulae on brain-supplying vessels - three involving the external carotid or the vertebral artery, five the cavernous sinus and six the dural sinuses - by endovascular occlusion using electrolytically detachable platinum coils. The fistula was caused by trauma in six cases. In one case Ehlers-Danlos syndrome was the underlying disease, and in the remaining seven cases no aetiology could be found. Fistulae of the external carotid and vertebral arteries and caroticocavernous fistulae were reached via the transarterial route, while in all dural fistulae a combined transarterial-transvenous approach was chosen. All fistulae were treated using electrolytically detachable coils. While small fistulae could be occluded with electrolytically detachable coils alone, large fistulae were treated by using coils to build a stable basket for other types of coil or balloons. In 11 of the 14 patients, endovascular treatment resulted in complete occlusion of the fistula; in the remaining three occlusion was subtotal. Symptoms and signs were completely abolished by this treatment in 12 patients and reduced in 2. On clinical and neuroradiological follow-up (mean 16 months) no reappearance of symptoms was recorded. (orig.)

  5. Case Report: Carotid–cavernous fistula due to aneurysmal rupture in a case of aortoaortitis with bilateral giant internal carotid artery aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takayasu aortoarteritis (TA) rarely affects the nervous system, but when it does, it usually manifests as cerebral ischemia or stroke. These strokes have mainly been attributed to stenotic extracranial vessels. Stenoses of intracranial vessels, although rare in TA, can occur due to either embolization into the vessel or because of the vasculitic process itself. Intracranial aneurysms are very rare in patients with TA. Bilateral cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms are rarer. They have been reported following radiation therapy and in association with fibromuscular dysplasia and juvenile Paget disease. Bilateral mycotic intracavernous aneurysms also occur. Bilateral giant cavernous ICA aneurysms with carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) consequent to rupture into the cavernous sinus in a case of TA are extremely unusual. We report a case that fulfilled both American College of Rheumatology and European League against Rheumatology criteria for TA. The patient had bilateral cavernous sinus giant aneurysms and CCF because the right-sided aneurysm had ruptured and was leaking into the cavernous sinus

  6. Enterovesical Fistulae: Aetiology, Imaging, and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Golabek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Study Objectives. Enterovesical fistula (EVF is a devastating complication of a variety of inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. Radiological imaging plays a vital role in the diagnosis of EVF and is indispensable to gastroenterologists and surgeons for choosing the correct therapeutic option. This paper provides an overview of the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae. The treatment of fistulae is also briefly discussed. Material and Methods. We performed a literature review by searching the Medline database for articles published from its inception until September 2013 based on clinical relevance. Electronic searches were limited to the keywords: “enterovesical fistula,” “colovesical fistula” (CVF, “pelvic fistula”, and “urinary fistula”. Results. EVF is a rare pathology. Diverticulitis is the commonest aetiology. Over two-thirds of affected patients describe pathognomonic features of pneumaturia, fecaluria, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Computed tomography is the modality of choice for the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae as not only does it detect a fistula, but it also provides information about the surrounding anatomical structures. Conclusions. In the vast majority of cases, this condition is diagnosed because of unremitting urinary symptoms after gastroenterologist follow-up procedures for a diverticulitis or bowel inflammatory disease. Computed tomography is the most sensitive test for enterovesical fistula.

  7. Acute Cholangitis following Biliary Obstruction after Duodenal OTSC Placement in a Case of Large Chronic Duodenocutaneous Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaseen Alastal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Over-the-Scope Clip system, also called “Bear Claw,” is a novel endoscopic modality used for closure of gastrointestinal defect with high efficacy and safety. We present a patient with history of eosinophilic gastroenteritis and multiple abdominal surgeries including Billroth II gastrectomy complicated by a large chronic duodenocutaneous fistula from a Billroth II afferent limb to the abdominal wall. Bear Claw clip was used for closure of this fistula. The patient developed acute cholangitis one day after placement of the Bear Claw clip. Acute cholangitis due to papillary obstruction is a potential complication of Bear Claw placement at the dome of the duodenal stump (afferent limb in patient with Billroth II surgery due to its close proximity to the major papilla.

  8. Esophago-pleural fistula with multiple esophageal ulcers in human immunodeficiency virus infected patients: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Soo Hee; Lee, Young Kyung; Choi, Jae Phil; Son, Jin Sung [Seoul Medical Center, Seoul(Korea, Republic of)

    2014-03-15

    Esophagitis is a common complication in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Esophagitis in HIV infected patient is caused by candidiasis, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, or idiopathic esophagitis with no detectable etiology. Esophagitis in HIV infected patient is occasionally combined with esophageal ulcers. We report chest CT findings and clinical manifestation of esophago-pleural fistula with pneumothorax in a HIV infected patient, who was treated for aspiration pneumonia and esophageal ulcers.

  9. Esophago-pleural fistula with multiple esophageal ulcers in human immunodeficiency virus infected patients: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Esophagitis is a common complication in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Esophagitis in HIV infected patient is caused by candidiasis, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, or idiopathic esophagitis with no detectable etiology. Esophagitis in HIV infected patient is occasionally combined with esophageal ulcers. We report chest CT findings and clinical manifestation of esophago-pleural fistula with pneumothorax in a HIV infected patient, who was treated for aspiration pneumonia and esophageal ulcers.

  10. Transvenous Coil Embolization for Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas of the Ophthalmic Sheath: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Juyoung; Jo, Kyung-Il; Yeon, Je Young; Hong, Seung-Chyul

    2016-01-01

    We present two patients with a dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) of the ophthalmic sheath who developed progressive exophthalmos, conjunctival chemosis, and visual loss. These symptoms mimic those of cavernous sinus dAVFs. Dural AVFs of the ophthalmic sheath are extremely rare and their clinical management is controversial. We successfully treated these two patients by transvenous coil embolization. Transvenous embolization appears to be a safe and effective method to treat dAVFs of the ophthalmic sheath.

  11. A surgical case of secondary pneumothorax cured by intra-fistula filling method using fibrin glue and PGA felt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The patient was a 73-year-old male who had been treated for lung cancer located in the left lower lobe (S9-10), evaluated as cT2aN2M0. He received chemoradiotherapy, which involved combination chemotherapy with carboplatin and paclitaxel, and radiotherapy of 50.0 Gy for the primary lesion. Diffuse radiation pneumonitis and fibrosis were seen in his left lower lobe, 3 months after the therapy. In addition, left pneumothorax was recognized a month after that. Because conservative therapy using chemical pleurodesis for this secondary pneumothorax ended in failure, surgical intervention was performed. A pulmonary fistula of about 1 cm in diameter was present in part of the primary lung cancer. Due to lung parenchyma hardening and its fragile visceral pleura, we performed the intra-fistula filling method using fibrin glue and PGA felt, which was followed by direct suturing and reinforcement of the visceral pleura. This reinforcement outside visceral pleura was achieved using a fascia patch and the combination of PGA felt and frictional spraying of fibrin glue. This intra-fistula filling method using fibrin glue and PGA felt can be effective when a standard surgical procedure for pneumothorax using an autosuturing device cannot be performed. (author)

  12. Tracheo-esophageal fistula in children: a diagnosis to keep in mind. Two case reports and review of the literature = Fístula traqueoesofágica en niños: un diagnóstico para tener en cuenta. Reporte de dos casos y revisión de la literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lucía Morales Múnera

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The tracheo-esophageal fistula without esophageal atresia is a rare type esophageal malformation. It has a multifactorial etiology including environmental and genetic factors. Common clinical manifestations are coughing and choking after meals, cyanosis and/or recurrent pneumonia. Diagnosis requires a high clinical suspicion index. Fistula confirmation is done with imaging studies including upper digestive series, video-fluoroscopy or with the use of bronchoscopy wich allows direct visualization of the fistula or methylene blue passage through the abnormal communication. Fistula closure can be done endoscopically or surgically, in both cases with good results.

  13. Bronchobiliary Fistula Evaluated with Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ragozzino, A.; Rosa, R. De; Galdiero, R.; Maio, A.; Manes, G. [Aorn Cardarelli Napoli (Italy). Dept. di Gastroenterologia

    2005-08-01

    Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) is a rare disorder consisting of a passageway between the biliary ducts and the bronchial tree. Many conditions may give rise to this development. Management of these fistulas is often difficult and can be associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. We present a case of BBF developing after hemihepatectomy in a 74-year-old man treated with endoscopic biliary drainage and illustrate MRCP findings.

  14. Management of fistula-in-ano: An introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AM El-Tawil

    2011-01-01

    Peri-anal fistulae are a worldwide health problem that can affect any person anywhere. Surgical management of these fistulae is not free from risks. Recurrence and fecal incontinence are the most common complica-tions after surgery. The cumulative personal surgical experience in managing cases with anal fistulae is sig-nificantly considered as necessary for obtaining better results with minimal adverse effects after surgery. The purpose for conducting this survey is to facilitate better outcome after surgical interventions in idiopathic anal fistulae' cases.

  15. Recurrent ischemia resulting from left internal mammary artery-to-pulmonary artery fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madu, E C; Hanumanthu, S K; Kim, C; Prudoff, A

    2001-03-01

    This report describes a case series of recurrent ischemia after coronary artery bypass grafting resulting from left internal mammary artery-to-pulmonary artery fistula. An angiographic demonstration of this fistula is presented.

  16. Oronasal Fistula and Complete Edentulism: What to Do?

    OpenAIRE

    Pushappreet Kaur; Jaspinder Kaur

    2014-01-01

    Oronasal fistula is an internal fistula which represents an abnormal epitheliazed tract between oral and nasal cavity, thus impairing associated functions of deglutition and speech by nasal regurgitation of fluid and nasal speech respectively, besides risk of nasal infection resulting from food lodgement. This paper provides a brief yet definitive insight on the etiology, diagnosis and surgical closure of oronasal fistula along with a case report and discussion on prosthodontic rehabilitation...

  17. Chylous Fistula following Axillary Lymphadenectomy: Benefit of Octreotide Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena González-Sánchez-Migallón

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Chyle leak following axillary lymph node clearance is a rare yet important complication. The treatment of postoperative chyle fistula still remains unclear. Conservative management is the first line of treatment. It includes axillary drains on continuous suction, pressure dressings, bed rest, and nutritional modifications. The use of somatostatin analogue is well documented as a treatment for chylous fistulas after neck surgery. We present a case of chylous fistula after axillary surgery resolved with the use of octreotide.

  18. Severe loin pain following renal biopsy in a high-risk patient: A case report of a rare combination of pseudoaneurysm and arterio-venous fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desai Madhav

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a 50-year-old male patient with diabetes mellitus and hypertension who presented with low-grade fever, anuria and renal failure. He had no prior history of nephropathy and retinopathy. Since anuria persisted, a renal biopsy was performed using automated gun, under ultrasound guidance. Two hours after the renal biopsy was performed, the patient developed severe left loin pain that required analgesics and sedatives. Ultrasound of the abdomen performed immediately, two hours and four hours after the biopsy, did not reveal any hematoma. The hemoglobin was stable when the patient developed loin pain, but after eight hours decreased to 9.1 g/dL, and computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed a big peri-nephric hematoma around the left kidney. He was managed with blood transfusions and a selective angiogram was done. It revealed a pseudoaneurysm and arterio-venous fistula from the segmental artery of lower pole of the left kidney; both were closed by using microcoils and liquid embolic agent N-butyl-cyanoacrylate (NBCA. The only risk factor the patient had at the time of renal biopsy was severe renal failure. Our case suggests that severe loin pain immediately after renal biopsy in a patient with renal failure warrants careful follow-up of hemoglobin and imaging, even if initial imaging is normal. Further fall of hemoglobin necessitates early evaluation with angiogram, which helps in diagnosing the treatable, although rare, complications like pseudoaneurysm and arterio-venous fistula.

  19. Surgical repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with non-bleeding aortocaval fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unosawa, Satoshi; Kimura, Haruka; Niino, Tetsuya

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of an aortocaval fistula (ACF) without bleeding because a clot was covering the fistula. A 60-year-old man was diagnosed as having a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and an aortocaval fistula, by enhanced computed tomography (CT). After the aneurysm had been opened, the fistula was detected, but there was no bleeding because it was covered with clot. After graft repair, bleeding from the fistula occurred when the clot was removed by suction. Direct closure of the fistula was achieved after bleeding was controlled by digital compression. PMID:23825505

  20. The York-Mason technique for recto-urethral fistulas Correção de fistula reto-uretral pela técnica de York-Mason

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Crippa; Marcos F. Dall' Oglio; Luciano J. Nesrallah; Endric Hasegawa; Alberto Azoubel Antunes; Miguel Srougi

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Recto-urethral fistula formation following radical prostatectomy is an uncommon but potentially devastating event. There is no consensus in the literature regarding the treatment of these fistulas. We present here our experiences treating recto-urethral fistulas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed 8 cases of rectourethral fistula treated at our institution in the last seven years. Seven of the patients underwent repair of the fistula using the modified York-Mason procedure. RESULTS:...

  1. Pancreatic pseudocyst-portal vein fistula: Serial imaging and clinical follow-up from pseudocyst to fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jee, Keun Nahn [Dept. of Radiology, Dankook University Hospital, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    Pancreatic pseudocyst-portal vein fistula is an extremely rare complication of pancreatitis. Only 18 such cases have been previously reported in the medical literature. However, a serial process from pancreatic pseudocyst to fistula formation has not been described. The serial clinical and radiological findings in a 52-year-old chronic alcoholic male patient with fistula between pancreatic pseudocyst and main portal vein are presented.

  2. Fístula carótido-cavernosa com epistaxe letal: relato de caso Carotid-cavernous fistula with lethal epistaxis: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rover Borba

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available A fístula carótido-cavernosa é uma comunicação patológica entre a artéria carótida interna e o seio cavernoso. Apresentamos o caso de um paciente de 32 anos de idade com fístula carótido-cavernosa devida a traumatismo crânio-encefálico. O tratamento preconizado é a embolização mas neste caso em especial houve falha devido às características próprias da fístula, e o paciente progrediu de maneira desfavorável evoluindo ao óbito por epistaxe incontrolável.We report the case of a 32 years old male patient with carotid-cavernous fistula caused by head injury who died from massive epistaxis. Treatment assesment of this case is faced with the literature.

  3. Carotid-cavernous fistula caused by rupture of persistent primitive trigeminal artery trunk aneurysm--case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Masahiro; Ezura, Masayuki; Mino, Masaki

    2011-01-01

    A 60-year-old female presented with a carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) manifesting as left abducens nerve palsy. Left internal carotid digital subtraction angiography showed a persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) near the CCF. Super-selective angiography showed direct shunt flow between the PPTA trunk aneurysm and the left cavernous sinus. The aneurysm was successfully occluded with detachable coils. The CCF disappeared and the PPTA was preserved. The abducens nerve paralysis had disappeared 6 months later. CCF caused by a PPTA trunk aneurysm is extremely rare. We speculate that the PPTA trunk aneurysm formed and then ruptured due to hemodynamic stress caused by hypoplasia of the basilar artery. PMID:21785245

  4. Asymptomatic Cholecystocolonic Fistula: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Antonacci

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cholecystocolonic fistulas (CCF are rare complications of gallstones with a variable clinical presentation. Despite modern diagnostic tools, cholecystocolonic fistulas are often asymptomatic and it is difficult to diagnose them preoperatively. Biliary-enteric fistulae have been found in 0.9% of patients undergoing biliary tract surgery. The most common site of communication of the fistula is the cholecystoduodenal (70%, followed by the cholecystocolic (10–20%, and the least common is the cholecystogastric fistula. Herein, we report a case of female patient with multiple episodes of acute recurrent cholangitis due to common bile duct and gallbladder stones in which preoperative imaging studies were negative for cholecystocolonic fistula that was incidentally discovered and treated during surgery and was appropriately treated. A review of the literature is reported too.

  5. Choledochoduodenal fistula of ulcer etiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čolović Radoje

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Choledochoduodenal fistulas are very rare and in most cases are caused by a long-lasting and poorly treated chronic duodenal ulcer. They may be asymptomatic or followed by symptoms of ulcer disease, by attacks of cholangitis or bleeding or vomiting in cases of ductoduodenal stenosis. The diagnosis is simple and safe, however treatment is still controversial. If surgery is the choice of treatment, local findings should be taken into consideration. As a rule, intervention involving closure of fistula is not recommended. Case Outline The authors present a 60-year-old woman with a long history of ulcer disease who developed attacks of cholangitis over the last three years. Ultrasonography and CT showed masive pneumobilia due to a choledochoduodenal fistula. . As there was no duodenal stenosis or bleeding, at operation the common bile duct was transected and end-to-side choledochojejunostomy was performed using a Roux-en Y jejunal limb. From the common bile duct, multiple foreign bodies of herbal origin causing biliary obstruction and cholangitis were removed. After uneventful recovery the patient stayed symptom free for four years now. Conclusion The performed operation was a simple and good surgical solution which resulted in complication-free and rapid recovery with a long-term good outcome. .

  6. Heuber Maneuver in Evaluation of Direct Carotid-Cavernous Fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajagopal, Rengarajan; Mehta, Neeraj; Saran, Sonal; Khera, Pushpinder S.

    2016-01-01

    Summary Carotid-cavernous fistulas are abnormal communications between the carotid system and the cavernous sinus. Elevated venous pressure produces congestion in the orbit with resultant transudation of fluid and increased intraocular pressure, thereby leading to secondary glaucoma which may result in visual loss. Immediate treatment is hence, warranted in these cases. The planning of endovascular management is dependent on many parameters, the most important of which are the size and location of the fistula. Since these are high-flow fistulas, assessment requires certain manoeuvers. Heuber manoeuver is one of the manoeuvers used to demonstrate the size of the fistula.

  7. Oronasal Fistula and Complete Edentulism: What to Do?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pushappreet Kaur

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Oronasal fistula is an internal fistula which represents an abnormal epitheliazed tract between oral and nasal cavity, thus impairing associated functions of deglutition and speech by nasal regurgitation of fluid and nasal speech respectively, besides risk of nasal infection resulting from food lodgement. This paper provides a brief yet definitive insight on the etiology, diagnosis and surgical closure of oronasal fistula along with a case report and discussion on prosthodontic rehabilitation of a 65 year old female with an iatrogenic oronasal fistula developed as a result of maxillary molar extraction using a complete metal based denture.

  8. Detachable balloon embolization of an aneurysmal gastroduodenal arterioportal fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Defreyne, Luc; De Schrijver, Ignace; Vanlangenhove, Peter; Kunnen, Marc [Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Ghent University Hospital (Belgium)

    2002-01-01

    Extrahepatic arteriovenous fistulas involving the gastroduodenal artery and the portal venous system are rare and almost always a late complication of gastric surgery. Secondary portal hypertension and mesenteric ischemia may provoke abdominal pain, upper and lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage, diarrhea, and weight loss. Until recently, surgical excision has been the therapy of choice with excellent results. The authors report a case of gastroduodenal arterioportal fistula with a rare large interpositioned aneurysm in a cardiopulmonary-compromised patient who was considered a non-surgical candidate. The gastroduodenal arterioportal fistula was occluded endovascularly by means of a detachable balloon. A survey of the literature of this rare type of arterioportal fistula is included. (orig.)

  9. Treatment of tracheopharyngeal and tracheo-oesophageal fistulas following laryngectomy and fistula classification based on individual silicone casts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herzog, Michael; Lorenz, Kai J; Glien, Alexander; Greiner, Ingo; Plontke, Stefan; Plößl, Sebastian

    2015-10-01

    Persistent tracheopharyngeal (TPF) and tracheo-oesophageal (TEF) fistulas after laryngectomy create a therapeutic challenge. The current classification of TPFs and TEFs is based on clinical experience without detailed anatomical information. In this study, casts of TPFs/TEFs were obtained from 16 patients; these were the first steps in manufacturing customised prostheses. Fistulas were classified according to the shape and dimension of the tracheopharyngeal and tracheo-oesophageal silicone casts and prostheses as well as on epithetic requirements. Four different types of fistulas were classified: Type A, a fistula with a straight axis between the neopharynx and oesophagus; Type B, a fistula with a stenosis of the neopharynx but a straight axis; Type C, the axis between the neopharynx and oesophagus is flexed anteriorly; and Type D, neighbouring structures are absent creating a large defect. This classification system might improve the manufacturing processes of customised prostheses in individual cases with challenging tracheopharyngeal and tracheo-oesophageal fistulas. PMID:25178413

  10. Cardiac Arrest Secondary to Bilateral Pulmonary Emboli following Arteriovenous Fistula Thrombectomy: A Case Report with Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avni Shah

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Number of patients with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD is growing worldwide. Hemodialysis remains the main modality of renal replacement therapy for ESRD patients. A patent hemodialysis access (arteriovenous fistula or arteriovenous graft plays a key role in successful delivery of hemodialysis. Common vascular access issues encountered by patients and nephrologists are thrombosis and infection. The thrombosed access is declotted by various percutaneous techniques these days by multiple outpatient access centers in a timely fashion. Thrombolysis can give rise to various complications, a few of which can be life threatening. A young hemodialysis patient underwent percutaneous thrombolysis of his clotted arteriovenous fistula. Outpatient access thrombectomy was complicated immediately afterwards with cardiac arrest requiring cardiac resuscitation in the recovery room. The patient was admitted to intensive care unit after life sustaining care. Work up revealed multiple pulmonary emboli to both lung fields on CT scan of the chest. Patient was anticoagulated and discharged from the hospital. Thrombolysis of clotted hemodialysis access is associated commonly with occurrences of pulmonary embolic which are usually asymptomatic. Massive pulmonary embolization due to access thrombolysis is rare. Nephrologists and radiologists should be aware of this dangerous complication particularly in patients with preexisting cardiopulmonary disease.

  11. Osteoradionecrosis of the head and neck: a case of a clavicular-tracheal fistula secondary to osteoradionecrosis of the sternoclavicular joint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stofman, G.M.; Lowry, L.D.; Cohn, J.R.; Jabourian, Z.

    1988-09-01

    Radiation therapy is an integral part of treatment for head and neck cancer, but its use is not without complications. We describe the first reported sternoclavicular-tracheal fistula resulting from osteoradionecrosis (ORN) at the medial clavicle. This ORN resulted from definitive radiation therapy for a primary pyriform sinus squamous cell carcinoma. The diagnosis of ORN was made by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. The physiologic damage of ORN is based on a compromised blood supply and altered metabolism of bone formation secondary to effects of ionizing radiation. Treatment requires meticulous hygiene, antibiotics, and debridement as conservative therapy. Radical surgery and reconstruction may be indicated in refractory cases. A thorough preirradiation assessment of patients is mandatory to decrease the incidence of radiation-induced ORN.

  12. Successful resection of enterovesical fistula in a patient with sigmoid colonic malignancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江军; 朱方强; 姜庆; 王洛夫; 叶锦; 张连阳

    2003-01-01

    @@ Enterovesical fistula is a rare complication of a variety of inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. Early diagnosis of enterovesical fistula is difficult and its management is complicated. In this paper, we describe an unusual case of enterovesical fistula secondary to sigmoid colonic malignancy.

  13. BUCCAL ADVANCEMENT FLAP DAN ANTROSTOMI: UNTUK TERAPI ORO ANTRAL FISTULA (Laporan Kasus)

    OpenAIRE

    Rizal Rivandi

    2015-01-01

    Buccal advancement flap is one of the many ways of treating oro antral fistula. This technique is frequently used by dentists because it is easier to do and has several advantages compared to other techniques. This paper reports a case of oro antral fistula caused by complication of a tooth extraction, with discussions about definition, ethics and other therapies of oro antral fistula.

  14. Arteriovenous fistula complicating iliac artery pseudo aneurysm: diagnosis by CT angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huawei, L; Bei, D; Huan, Z; Zilai, P; Aorong, T; Kemin, C

    2002-01-01

    Fistula formation to the inferior vena cava is a rare complication of aortic aneurysm which is often misdiagnosed clinically. In one hundred of reported arteriocaval fistulae, none was originating from the right common iliac artery. We report a case of ileo-caval fistula due to a iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm. High resolution 3D imaging using breath-hold CT angiography is highly specific in identifying the location, extent of the aortocaval fistula as well as the neighbouring anatomic structures.

  15. CONGENITAL VESICOUTERINE FISTULA ALONG WITH DISTAL VAGINAL AGENESIS, SOLITARY KIDNEY AND TONGUE TIE: A RARITY

    OpenAIRE

    Khalid; Amit; Rana Pratap; Ahsan; Takallum

    2015-01-01

    : Congenital vesicouterine fistula in association with vaginal agenesis and solitary renal agenesis has been rarely reported. We present a case of 19 year old female suffering from cyclical menouria for last years. Physical examination revealed absence of vagina. IVP revealed left renal agenesis and CT scan revealed left renal agenesis with vesicouterine fistula. Cystoscopy showed vesicouterine fistula located above trigone near midline. Vesicouterine fistula was repaired along wi...

  16. Splenic arteriovenous fistula treated with percutaneous transarterial embolization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, M.A.; Frevert, S.; Madsen, P.L.;

    2008-01-01

    Splenic arteriovenous fistula is a rare complication following splenectomy. We report a case of a large splenic arteriovenous fistula 23 years after splenectomy in a 50-year old male with abdominal pain, gastro-intestinal bleeding, ascites, diarrhoea, dyspnoea, portal hypertension and heart failure...

  17. Tracheo-oesophageal fistula diagnosed with multidetector computed tomography.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hodnett, Pa

    2009-04-01

    This case highlights important issues in investigation of patients with suspected tracheo-oesophageal fistula including the value of multidetector computed tomography, the importance of thorough imaging evaluation when high clinical suspicion of tracheo-oesophageal fistula exists and the value of close interaction between radiologists and intensive care physicians in the investigation of these patients.

  18. Esophagotracheal fistula caused by gastroesophageal reflux 9 years after esophagectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kiyotomi Maruyama; Satoru Motoyama; Manabu Okuyama; Yusuke Sato; Kaori Hayashi; Yoshihiro Minamiya; Jun-ichi Ogawa

    2007-01-01

    Fistula between digestive tract and airway is one of the complications after esophagectomy with lymph node dissection. A case of esophagotracheal fistula secondary to esophagitis 9 years after esophagectomy and gastric pull-up for treatment of esophageal carcinoma is described. It was successfully treated with transposition of a pedided pectoralis major muscle flap.

  19. Repair of large palatal fistula using tongue flap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fejjal Nawfal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Large palatal fistulas are a challenging problem in cleft surgery. Many techniques are used to close the defect. The tongue flap is an easy and reproductible procedure for managing this complication. The authors report a case of a large palatal fistula closure with anteriorly based tongue flap.

  20. Researches on High-quality Care of Orificium Fistulae of 109 Rectal Cancer Cases after Miles%109例直肠癌Miles术后造瘘口的优质护理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    但敏; 淡莉莉; 刘震; 邓君; 陶丽

    2014-01-01

    Objective To discuss the high-quality care of orificium fistulae of rectal cancer cases after Miles. Methods Warm psych-care, correct using of artificial anus casing, correct care for surrounding skin of orificium fistulae, and carful care of orificium fistulae complication. Results Patients in this group, who were in hospital averagely about 13.2 days, accepted the reality rapidly, in which no one had obvious psychological obstacle, and any suicide or self-mutilation. 5 cases oridicium fistulae were too narrow, which released after enlarge archos, 6 cases cutitis of surrounding skin of orificium fistulae, which were only erythema without ulceration, cured by careful care. 10 cases infection of incisional would, in which 7 cases cured by changing dressings, 3 cases cured by secondary suture, 1 bleeding case cured by hemostasis, and there was no cellular necrosis. Conclusion The high-quality care of orificium fistulae of rectal cancer cases after Miles can release psychological obstacles and reduce complication.%目的:探讨直肠癌Miles术后造瘘口的优质护理方法。方法温馨及时的心理护理,正确的人工肛门袋使用方法,正确的造瘘口周围皮肤的护理方法,对造瘘口并发症的精心护理。结果本组患者平均住院13.2 d,所有患者都很快接受了现实,没有患者发生明显的心理障碍,更没有自杀和自残的患者,术后发生造瘘口狭窄5例,经过扩肛后,5例患者均解除了造瘘口狭窄,造瘘口周围皮炎6例,仅是皮肤发红,无皮肤破溃病例,经精心护理后治愈,切口感染10例,经换药治愈7例,二期缝合治愈3例,出血1例,经压迫止血后治愈,无造瘘口肠坏死病例。结论术后的优质护理能够解除Miles手术患者术后的心理障碍和减少造瘘口术后并发症的发生。

  1. Fístula oroantral e retalho mucoso geniano: revisão de 25 casos Oroantral fistula and genian mucosal flap: a review of 25 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Campos Meirelles

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available A fístula oroantral é a comunicação patológica entre cavidade oral e seio maxilar, quase sempre decorrentes de traumatismos durante procedimentos dentários. OBJETIVO: Apresentar experiência de 25 casos. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Realizado estudo retrospectivo de pacientes com FOA no período de 1996 a 2000. O diagnóstico incluiu exame otorrinolaringológico, endoscopia nasal ou da fístula, tomografia computadorizada das cavidades paranasais, pesquisa bacteriológica, fúngica e análise patológica. RESULTADOS: Encontrados 25 casos, sendo 10 de segundo molar, 8 de primeiro molar, 6 de segundo pré-molar e 1 de canino. Todos foram operados pela técnica de Caldwell-Luc, reavivamento das bordas da fístula, meatotomia média e rotação de retalho mucoso geniano. DISCUSSÃO: Nas fístulas de alto débito (n=14, colocou-se enxerto ósseo da própria parede anterior do seio. Todos, exceto um, tiveram resultado cirúrgico bom. A cultura bacteriológica (n=19 demonstrou estreptococos pneumoniae (13, haemophilus influenzae (6, moraxella catarrhalis (2, estafilococos aureus (2. Encontrado aspergilus niger em um caso que apresentava imagem radiológica de bola fúngica. CONCLUSÕES: Após 30 dias, os resultados foram bons em todos, exceto um dos casos. Este foi reoperado com colocação de enxerto ósseo, inicialmente não utilizado, tendo sucesso. Após 6 meses, todos os 23 pacientes localizados não apresentavam problemas.The oroantral fistula is a pathological connection between the maxillary sinus and with the oral cavity. The condition mostly follows dental extraction. AIM: To present the experience of 25 cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cases between 1996-2000. The ORL examination included nasal or sinusal endoscopy, a CT scan and histopathological analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-five cases were found: ten 2nd molar cases, eight 1st molar cases, six 2nd premolar cases, and one canine case. All patients underwent a Caldwell-Luc operation

  2. Percutaneous Treatment of a Jejunovaginal Fistula Using a Combination of the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II and N-Butyl-2-Cyanoacrylate: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hyun Kyung; Kwak, Hyo Sung; Han, Young Min [Dept. of Radiology, Chonbuk National University School of Medicine and Hospital, Chonju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Kon [Dept. of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-04-15

    Treatment for an enterovaginal fistula should consider the location of an intestinal fistula. Most rectovaginal fistulas develop in the lower third of the vagina and can be treated surgically. Jejunovaginal fistulas can spontaneously close during conservative management. We report the first use of the Amplatzer vascular plug II (AVP II; AGA Medical Corp, Golden Valley, MN, USA) and the use of an N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA; Histoacryl, Braun, Melsungen, Germany)- iodized oil (Lipiodol Ultra-Fluid, Guerbet, Aulnay-sous-Bois, France) mixture for treatment of a patient with a jejunovaginal fistula which failed to close after conservative management. The patient did not have any vaginal discharge one day later after deployment of the AVP II.

  3. Percutaneous Treatment of a Jejunovaginal Fistula Using a Combination of the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II and N-Butyl-2-Cyanoacrylate: A Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Treatment for an enterovaginal fistula should consider the location of an intestinal fistula. Most rectovaginal fistulas develop in the lower third of the vagina and can be treated surgically. Jejunovaginal fistulas can spontaneously close during conservative management. We report the first use of the Amplatzer vascular plug II (AVP II; AGA Medical Corp, Golden Valley, MN, USA) and the use of an N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA; Histoacryl, Braun, Melsungen, Germany)- iodized oil (Lipiodol Ultra-Fluid, Guerbet, Aulnay-sous-Bois, France) mixture for treatment of a patient with a jejunovaginal fistula which failed to close after conservative management. The patient did not have any vaginal discharge one day later after deployment of the AVP II.

  4. [Successful treatment using detachable coils for traumatic carotid cavernous fistula as a complication of transsphenoidal surgery for a pituitary adenoma: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, N; Abe, T; Furuya, H; Dohi, K; Shimazu, M; Sasaki, K; Izumiyama, H; Matsumoto, K; Ohki, S; Nemoto, S

    2000-02-01

    We report a case of a patient with traumatic carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) caused by transnasal-transsphenoidal surgery, who was successfully treated using detachable coils. A 47-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of severe headache. He was confirmed to have a nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma with presellar-type sphenoid sinus. Cerebral angiography initially disclosed no vascular lesions. A transnasal-transsphenoidal adenomectomy was performed. When the anterior wall of the sphenoid sinus was dissected with a chisel, the chisel deeply stuck into the posterolateral part of the sinus. Profuse arterial bleeding was observed through the sphenoid sinus. The bleeding was stopped easily by compression and packing with bone wax. The operation was continued, the sellar floor was opened widely and the tumor was removed subtotally. The medial wall of the cavernous sinus was intact. Histological examination revealed a pituitary adenoma. Immediately after surgery, the patient noticed a bruit. He developed chemosis and abducent palsy on the right side. Cerebral angiography displayed a high-flow CCF, which was attributed to the carotid artery injury caused by the transnasal-transsphenoidal surgery. The CCF disappeared after two-staged embolization using detachable coils, 1st transvenous and 2nd transarterial. Ten months later, cerebral angiography showed persistent occlusion of the fistula, and the patient experienced no tumor recurrence. It is suggested that drilling is a safer procedure than using a chisel for dissection of a sphenoid sinus with incomplete pneumatization. Endovascular treatment using detachable coils proved useful to manage the CCF, an unusual complication of transsphenoidal surgery.

  5. Secondary Iliac-Enteric Fistula to the Sigmoid Colon Complicated with Entero-Grafto-Cutaneous Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gábor Bognár

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of a 67-year-old man who was admitted to our department with acute rectal bleeding. The patient had had previous aortoiliac surgery with the utilization of an aortobifemoral vascular prosthesis. Diagnosis of aortoenteric fistula was made between the distal suture line of the right graft leg and the sigmoid colon. This fistula had an enterocutaneous component. After exploratory laparotomy, primary resection of the sigmoid colon, exstirpation of the enterocutaneous fistula, excision of the right graft leg and extraanatomical crossover bypass were successfully performed. This study reports a rare type of aorto/ilac-enteric fistula to the left colon complicated with an entero-grafto-cutaneous component and describes an unusual and successful surgical treatment method.

  6. Treatment of traumatic trigeminal-cavernous fistula by coil embolization and compression of carotid artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Xinjian

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a traumatic cavernous fistula supplied by a persistent primitive trigeminal artery. The process of treatment was unique in this case. Fistula was subcompletely occluded by coiling from primitive trigeminal artery. Residual fistula was helped to form thrombosis by compression of the carotid artery with hand in the procedure. Long-term follow-up was satisfactory. Traumatic cavernous fistula supplied by a persistent primitive trigeminal artery could be treated by embolization and temporal compression of the parent artery might be useful for residual minimal fistula.

  7. Spontaneous biliopneumothorax (thoracobilia) following gastropleural fistula due to stomach perforation by nasogastric tube.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bini, Alessandro; Grazia, Manuele; Petrella, Francesco; Stella, Franco; Bazzocchi, Ruggero

    2004-07-01

    Gastropleural fistula may occur after pulmonary resection, perforated paraesophageal hernia, perforated malignant gastric ulcer at the fundus, or gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity. We describe a case of gastropleural fistula after stomach perforation by a nasogastric tube in a patient who underwent Billroth II gastric resection for adenocarcinoma. Left biliopneumothorax occurred and was treated by thoracic drainage with -20 cm H2O aspiration. As gastropleural fistula persisted, laparotomy was repeated and gastric and diaphragmatic perforations were sutured. Gastropleural fistula is rare and, to our knowledge, this is the first reported case of gastropleural fistula and biliopneumothorax caused by gastric and diaphragmatic perforation by a nasogastric tube.

  8. Aortocaval Fistula in a Behcet's Disease Patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Ata

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Behcet's disease (BD is a chronic, recurrent, systemic disease that is characterized by oral and genital ulcers and oculocutaneous inflammatory lesions. Cardiovascular involvement especially large artery involvement is a serious and vital complication of BD. Pseudoaneurysms in the major arteries may be the cause of sudden death in BD. In our case a pulsatile abdominal mass was determined to be an aortic pseudoaneurysm associated with BD and an aortocaval fistula. Here we report this case and a short review of literature because this is the first reported aortocaval fistula in a BD patient in English literature.

  9. USAID program for the prevention and treatment of vaginal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, P; Stanton, M E

    2007-11-01

    The cornerstone of the US Agency for International Development (USAID) fistula program is to support and strengthen local capacity for fistula repair. The USAID program includes support to upgrade facilities, enhance local surgical repair capability, allocate equipment and supplies to operating rooms, implement quality improvement systems, and cover the women's transportation costs to and from the treatment facilities. The program also offers training in clinical and counseling skills; transferring skills South-to-South; and monitoring and evaluating the program's effectiveness. As new fistula cases continually increase the backlog of untreated cases, its efforts are also directed toward the prevention of fistula and the reintegration of treated women into their communities. Furthermore, the program challenges the culture of sexual violence against women that leads to traumatic gynecologic fistulas. PMID:17869253

  10. Pancreatic Pseudocyst Pleural Fistula in Gallstone Pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sala Abdalla

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Extra-abdominal complications of pancreatitis such as pancreaticopleural fistulae are rare. A pancreaticopleural fistula occurs when inflammation of the pancreas and pancreatic ductal disruption lead to leakage of secretions through a fistulous tract into the thorax. The underlying aetiology in the majority of cases is alcohol-induced chronic pancreatitis. The diagnosis is often delayed given that the majority of patients present with pulmonary symptoms and frequently have large, persistent pleural effusions. The diagnosis is confirmed through imaging and the detection of significantly elevated amylase levels in the pleural exudate. Treatment options include somatostatin analogues, thoracocentesis, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP with pancreatic duct stenting, and surgery. The authors present a case of pancreatic pseudocyst pleural fistula in a woman with gallstone pancreatitis presenting with recurrent pneumonias and bilateral pleural effusions.

  11. Endovascular Management of Acute Bleeding Arterioenteric Fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered

  12. Management of Enterocutaneous Fistulas

    OpenAIRE

    Kaushal, Manish; Carlson, Gordon L.

    2004-01-01

    Despite advances in antimicrobial chemotherapy, nutritional support, and perioperative critical care, the development of an enterocutaneous fistula continues to represent a major therapeutic challenge, with appreciable morbidity and mortality. Specific problems that must be addressed for the successful management of patients with enterocutaneous fistulas are the control of sepsis, maintenance of adequate fluid and electrolyte balance, provision of adequate and complication-free nutritional su...

  13. Percutaneous closure of a coronary fistula with single Amplatzer Vascular Plug II in a five-month-old female: The youngest case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulgun, Mustafa; Slack, Michael

    2016-02-01

    Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare clinical abnormality characterized by a connection between one or more coronary arteries and an adjacent cardiac chamber or vascular structure. Although CAF complications are more common in older children over time, there is still no consensus in terms of treatment indications in children with asymptomatic fistula. We describe an asymptomatic infant diagnosed with a severely dilated right coronary artery and a coronary-cameral fistula treated successfully by transcatheter device closure. The Amplatzer Vascular Plug II appears to be safe, effective and relatively easy to use for CAF closure in infants. PMID:26852309

  14. Aortoduodenal fistula following aortic reconstruction of a pseudoaneurysm caused by stab wound 12 years ago

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-cang ZHOU; Qiu-ping XU; Lai-gen SHEN; Kong-han PAN; Yi-ping MOU

    2009-01-01

    Gastrointestinal bleeding due to aortoenteric fistula is extremely rare. Aortoenteric fistula is difficult to be diagnosed timely and entails a significant morbidity and mortality. Herein, we present an uncommon case of gastrointestinal bleeding caused by aortoduodenal fistula, which was a complication of a successful aortic reconstruction 4 months ago for an aortic pseudoaneurysm resulted from a stab wound 12 years ago. An urgent laparotomy confirmed an aortoduodenal fistula and repaired the defects in aorta and duodenum, but a prolonged shock led to the patient's death. In summary, early diagnosis and surgical intervention for aortoenteric fistula are vital for survival.

  15. Management of enterocutaneous fistulas: 30-year clinical experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎介寿; 任建安; 朱维铭; 尹路; 韩建明

    2003-01-01

    Objectives To explore successful models of management of enterocutaneous fistulas and u nresolved problems requiring further study. Method Analysis of therapeutic results of 1168 cases treated in one center from January 1971 to December 2000. Results In this group of patients, the recovery rate was 93% and 37% of fistulas healed spontaneously after non-operative treatment. The mortality rate was 5.5%, mos t of which occurred due to sepsis. Of 659 cases receiving definitive operations for enteric fistula, 98% recovered. Recovery, mortality and operational succes s rates (94.2%, 4.4%, 99.7%) of cases treated between January 1985 and Decemb er 2000 were significantly better than those (90.4%, 8.2%, 95.5%) of cases treated earlier (January 1971-December 1984) (P<0.05). Conclusions The results from this study were better overall than those reported in previous literatures. The change in therapeutic strategy, improved technique in control of sepsis, rational nutritional support and careful monitoring of vital organs are the key reasons for improvement of managing enteric fistulas. However, incre asing spontaneous closure of fistula, improving the therapeutic rate of specific enteric fistula (IBD or radiation enteritis) and performing definitive operations for enteric fistula at early stages are still problematic and require further study.

  16. Vesicovaginal Fistula-A-5 Year Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vineet Kaur

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A rctrospective analysis of 25 patients who underwent surgery for vesicovaginal fistula is herebyreported. The mean age ofpatients was 38.48 ± 10.72 years. Gynaecological surgery was the leadingfactor in etiology in 60% cases followed by obstetrical trauma in 32% and road traffic accident in8%. The primary presenting complaint was leaking of urine per vagina and the mean duration ofsymptoms was 41.81 months ± 9.90. Fistulas due to gynaecological surgical trauma were seen onthe vault. while anterior vaginal wall was involved in obstetrical trauma. 84% of patients had singlefistula, in remaining 16% two to three fistulas were demonstrated. In 20 patients. transvaginal repairwas done, remaining 5 patients underwent repair via abdominal route. Success rate of 80% wasreported in Ollr series.

  17. Endovascular management of acute bleeding arterioenteric fistulas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leonhardt, H.; Mellander, S.; Snygg, J.;

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed....... All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean...... reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding...

  18. Eyelid liquoric fistula secondary to orbital meningocele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Antunes Schiave Germano

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Liquoric fistula (LF is defined as the communication of the subarachnoid space with the external environment, which main complication is the development of infection in the central nervous system. We reported the case of a patient with non-traumatic eyelid liquoric fistula secondary to orbital meningocele (congenital lesion, which main clinical manifestation was unilateral eyelid edema. Her symptoms and clinical signs appeared in adulthood, which is uncommon. The patient received surgical treatment, with complete resolution of the eyelid swelling. In conclusion, eyelid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF fistula is a rare condition but with great potential deleterious to the patient. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unilateral eyelid edema, and surgical treatment is almost always mandatory.

  19. Subclavian vein angioplasty during arteriovenous fistula surgery: case report and literature review Angioplastia de veia subclávia no intraoperatório de fístula arteriovenosa: relato de caso e revisão de literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Marcus Vinícius Martins Cury; Marcelo Fernando Matielo; Ana Carolina Calixtro; Giuliano de Almeida Sandri; Marcos Roberto Godoy; Roberto Sacilotto

    2012-01-01

    Patients with chronic kidney disease stage 5 are generally treated by hemodialysis, preferentially performed via an arteriovenous fistula (AVF). We report the case of a 58-year-old male patient with diabetes mellitus, hypertension and end-stage renal disease in whom hemodialysis was conducted via a long-term catheter. His medical record described numerous central venous cannulations and several AVF creations. The patient developed subclinical subclavian stenosis that required creation of a ne...

  20. Aortoesophageal fistula in a child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shasanka Shekhar Panda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aortoesophageal fistulae (AEF are rare and are associated with very high mortality. Foreign body ingestions remain the commonest cause of AEF seen in children. However in a clinical setting of tuberculosis and massive upper GI bleed, an AEF secondary to tuberculosis should be kept in mind. An early strong clinical suspicion with good quality imaging and endoscopic evaluation and timely aggressive surgical intervention helps offer the best possible management for this life threatening disorder. Our case is a 10-year-old boy who presented to the pediatric emergency with massive bouts of haemetemesis and was investigated and managed by multidisciplinary team effort in the emergency setting.

  1. Radiologic recognition of bronchopleural fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, P J; Hellekant, C A

    1977-08-01

    Examination of more than 30 cases of bronchopleural fistula (BPF), of diverse causes, including 6 following resectional surgery, revealed a distinctive configuration of air/fluid collections in the pleural space. Maler in 1940 independently observed that loculated BPF pockets conform in shape to the adjacent chest wall. With the most common posterior costophrenic angle location, there is a wide air-fluid level in the frontal view, but on lateral films the anteroposterior diameter is narrow. In contrast, abscess cavities tend to be spherical and farther from the ribs. Use of these plain film criteria permits earlier and more confident diagnosis.

  2. Clinical Experiences of Bronchopleural Fistula-related Fatal Hemoptysis after 
the Resection of Lung Cancer: A Report of 7 Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenming ZHANG

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Massive hemoptysis was a rare but severe postoperative complication of lung cancer. The aim of the present study is to investigate the mechanisms, risk factors, early symptoms, prevention, and treatment options for fatal hemoptysis. Methods From April 2007 to May 2011, 1,737 patients with lung cancer were surgically treated in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University. Twenty patients died during the perioperative period, seven of whom died of massive hemoptysis. These seven cases were analyzed, and their clinical data, as well as related literatures, were reviewed. Results Massive hemoptysis is the second cause of death after lung cancer surgery. Six patients died directly of massive hemoptysis. One patient underwent secondary surgery because of massive hemoptysis, but eventually died because of lung infection and respiratory failure. Early symptoms of hemorrhage were observed in four cases, and the overall incidence rate of massive hemoptysis was 0.4% (7/1,737. Conclusion Bronchovascular fistula (BVF caused by bronchopleural fistula (BPF is the mechanism for massive hemoptysis. Diabetes is a high risk factor. Early diagnosis and surgical treatment of BPF or BVF can prevent the occurrence of death as a result of massive hemoptysis.

  3. Surgical management of combined intramedullary arteriovenous malformation and perimedullary arteriovenous fistula within the hybrid operating room after five years of performing focus fractionated radiotherapy: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gekka, Masayuki; Seki, Toshitaka; Hida, Kazutoshi; Osanai, Toshiya; Houkin, Kiyohiro

    2014-01-01

    Perimedullary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) shunts occur on the spinal cord surface and can be treated surgically or by endovascular embolization. In contrast, the nidus of an intramedullary arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is located in the spinal cord and is difficult to treat surgically or by endovascular techniques. The benefits of radiotherapy for treating intramedullary AVM have been published, but are anecdotal and consist largely of case reports. We present a case of combined cervical intramedullary AVM and perimedullary AVF which received surgical treatment within a hybrid operating room (OR) after 5 years of focus fractionated radiotherapy. A 37-year-old male presented with stepwise worsening myelopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging and spinal angiography revealed intramedullary AVM and perimedullary AVF at the C3 to C5 levels. In order to reduce nidus size and blood flow, we first performed focal fractionated radiotherapy. Five years later, the lesion volume was reduced. Following this, direct surgery was performed by an anterior approach using corpectomy in the hybrid OR. The spinal cord was monitored by motor-evoked potential throughout the surgery. Complete obliteration of the fistulous connection was confirmed by intraoperative indocyanine green video-angiography and intraoperative angiography, preserving the anterior spinal artery. We conclude that surgical treatment following focal fractionated radiotherapy may become one strategy for patients who are initially deemed ineligible for endovascular embolization and surgical treatment. Furthermore, the hybrid OR enables safe and precise treatment for spinal vascular disorders in the fields of endovascular treatment and neurosurgery.

  4. CT demonstration of an aortoesophageal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longo, J M; Lopez-Rasines, G; Ortega, E; Pagola, M A

    1987-01-01

    A case of aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is reported in a patient with esophageal bleeding resulting from ingestion of a foreign body. CT showed a saccular aneurysm in close proximity to the esophageal lumen at the level of the bleeding site. AEF has not previously been described on CT. PMID:3107831

  5. EFFECT OF HEPARIN ON THE PATENCY OF ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Ravari

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available "nPatients with end stage renal disease need a good vascular access for hemodialysis. Arteriovenous fistula is the method of choice for vascular access in these patients. However, failure of arteriovenous fistula due to thrombosis is a major problem. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the heparin on the patency of the arteriovenous fistula. This prospective interventional case control study was performed from November 2003 through May 2005 in vascular surgery ward in Imam Reza Hospital. All the patients who underwent a surgery in order to perform an arteriovenous fistula in cubital or snuff box areas for the dialysis means were enrolled. They were randomly divided into two groups. The case group (n = 96 received intraoperative heparin whereas the controls (n = 102 did not. Early observation of arteriovenous fistula (immediately after surgery showed patency in 89% of heparin group and in 87% of the control group. The patency rate 2 weeks after the surgery was 85% in heparin group versus 74% in the control group, resulting in a statistically significant difference (P value = 0.046. According to higher patency rate of arteriovenous fistula in 2 weeks following surgery in case group, we recommend intraoperative use of heparin in arteriovenous fistula operations.

  6. 妊娠合并先天性膀胱阴道瘘1例报告%One case of pregnancy and congenital vesicovaginal fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤华; 张丽娟

    2011-01-01

    To discuss the dignosis and therapy of congenital vesicovaginal fistula (VVF).We reported 1 case of pregnancy and congenital VVF and summarized the pathogenesis and characters.Congenital VVF is extremely rare and characterised by continuous urinary leakage, cyclical hematuria with severe suprapubic pain.It is always associated with other urinary tract abnormalities, urinary tract infection and stone.The pathogenesis is related with genetic, environment, drugs, radiation and incomplete fusion of mullerian.The diagnosis relies on clinical manifestasion and radiological examinations.Surgical recection is the key to treatment.Pregnancy and congenital VVF is extremely rare and always misdiagnosised associated with other urinary tract abnormalities.Early diagnosis and making sure the location, size and relationship with other tissues are important.Reasonable preoperative preparation, surgical and postoperative surgical care are the key for treatment.%探讨先天性膀胱阴道瘘(congenital vesicovaginal fistula)的诊断及治疗方法.回顾性分析1例妊娠合并先天性膀胱阴道瘘患者的临床资料,分析其发生原因,并结合国内外文献对其临床诊断与处理进行探讨.先天性膀胱阴道瘘是一种罕见的泌尿生殖系畸形,具有自幼阴道漏尿、周期性血尿和腹痛的临床特点,常伴有其他泌尿系畸形及继发尿路感染和泌尿系统结石形成.发病原因与遗传、环境、药物、接触放射线等有关,或苗勒氏管融合不全所致.诊断主要依靠临床表现及影像学检查.治疗原则是手术恢复尿路的完整性.先天性膀胱阴道瘘合并妊娠罕见,临床容易误诊,早期诊断,准确判断病变的位置、大小、类型及与周围组织的关系,明确是否存在其他泌尿生殖器畸形,做好充分的术前准备,制定合理的手术方案及规范的术后护理是提高手术成功率的关键.

  7. Lateral semicircular canal fistula in cholesteatoma: diagnosis and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Anais; Bouchetemblé, Pierre; Costentin, Bertrand; Dehesdin, Danièle; Lerosey, Yannick; Marie, Jean-Paul

    2016-08-01

    The objective of this retrospective study was to present the authors' experience on the management of labyrinthine fistula secondary to cholesteatoma. 695 patients, who underwent tympanoplasty for cholesteatoma, in a University Hospital between 1993 and 2013 were reviewed, to select only those with labyrinthine fistulas. 42 patients (6%) had cholesteatoma complicated by fistula of the lateral semicircular canal (LSCC). The following data points were collected: symptoms, pre- and postoperative clinical signs, surgeon, CT scan diagnosis, fistula type, surgical technique, preoperative vestibular function and audiometric outcomes. Most frequent symptoms were unspecific, such as otorrhea, hearing loss and dizziness. However, preoperative high-resolution computed tomography predicted fistula in 88 %. Using the Dornhoffer and Milewski classification, 16 cases (38 %) were identified as stage 1, 22 (52 %) as stage II, and 4 (10 %) as stage III. The choice between open or closed surgical procedure was independent of the type of fistulae. The cholesteatoma matrix was completely removed from the fistula and immediately covered by autogenous material. In eight patients (19 %), the canal was drilled with a diamond burr before sealing with autologous tissue. After surgery, hearing was preserved or improved in 76 % of the patients. There was no statistically significant relationship between the extent of the labyrinthine fistula and the hearing outcome. In conclusion, a complete and nontraumatic removal of the matrix cholesteatoma over the fistula in a one-staged procedure and its sealing with bone dust and fascia temporalis, with sometimes exclusion of the LSCC, is a safe and effective procedure to treat labyrinthine fistula. PMID:26351038

  8. Coronary arterovenous fistula: to treat or not to treat?

    OpenAIRE

    Jiritano, Federica; Prestipino, Filippo; Mastroroberto, Pasquale; Chello, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    We reported the case of a 68-year old male with chest pain. The coronary angiography showed the disease of the left anterior descending coronary artery and, incidentally, an arteriovenous coronary fistula between this coronary branch and the pulmonary artery. The patient underwent off-pump coronary bypass through a left mini thoracotomy. In the present case, after a series of detailed exams, we decided not to close the fistula for several reasons, but mainly because of the singular localizati...

  9. 8例喉癌术后咽瘘药敏试验及保守治疗分析%Drug susceptibility test and conservative treatment of 8 cases of pharyngeal fistula after laryngocarcinoma operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建国; 王春华; 韩振强

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the characteristics of bacterial spectrum and the results of drug sensitivity test of pharyngeal fistula after laryngocarcinoma operation in our hospital, so as to provide evidence for antibiotic use, and summarize experience of conservative treatment of pharyngeal fistula. METHODS There were 8 cases of Pharyngeal fistula after laryngocarcinoma operation from Jan 2006 to Dec 2009 in hospital. The results of bacterial culture, susceptibility test and conservative therapeutic measure of pharyngeal fistula after laryngeal cancer surgery were analyzed. RESULTS Of 8 specimens, bacteria were found in 7 cases(87.5%). 5 (71.4%) cases of Gram-negative bacilli, which were 1 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate, 2 P. aeruginosa isolates and 2 Serratia odor isolates and 2 (28.6%) cases of Gram-positive cocci were streptococcus. Drug susceptibility results showed that the most pathogens were sensitive to levofloxacin, bacillosporin and amikacin. 5 cases of Gram-negative bacilli were resistant to penicillin and cephalosporin. The occurrence time of pharyngeal fistula varies from 7 to 14 days after operation. All cases were cured by conservative treatment such as anti-infection, debridement drainage,pressure dressing, and nutritional support in 12 to 31 days. CONCLUSIONS The key to prevent the formation of pharyngeal fistula is to apply sensitive antibiotics to control infection, combining with the conservative treatments,including debridement drainage, pressure dressing and nutritional support therapy, which can finally cure pharyngeal fistula.%目的 了解医院喉癌术后咽瘘细菌谱特点、药敏试验结果,为抗菌药物的应用提供依据,进一步总结保守治疗咽瘘的临床经验.方法 2006年1月-2009年12月医院86例喉切除术中发生咽瘘8例患者的细菌培养及药敏试验结果,对咽瘘的细菌谱及保守治疗措施进行分析.结果 86例喉癌喉切除术中发生咽瘘8例,咽瘘发生率为9.3%;8份标本中7

  10. Delayed internal pancreatic fistula with pancreatic pleural effusion postsplenectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The occurrence of pancreatic pleural effusion,secondary to an internal pancreatic fistula,is a rare clinical syndrome and diagnosis is often missed.The key to the diagnosis is a dramatically elevated pleural fluid amylase.This pancreatic pleural effusion is also called a pancreatic pleural fistula.It is characterized by profuse pleural fluid and has a tendency to recur.Here we report a case of delayed internal pancreatic fistula with pancreatic pleural effusion emerging after splenectomy.From the treatment ...

  11. Management of chronic parotid fistula with sodium tetradecyl sulfate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Virendra; Kumar, Pradeep; Agrawal, Aviral

    2013-01-01

    A parotid fistula is a rare, extremely unpleasant disease. It may be due to chronic pathologies of the facial soft tissues, trauma (tangential injury to face), infection or congenital. Various treatment modalities including surgical and conservative management are present to treat this disease. Conservative management plays a vital role in patients who are systemically compromised and unfit for surgery. In the present case report an alternative conservative technique of parotid fistula management has been described in a 28-year-old girl who was severe anemic with parotid fistula since last 25 yrs.

  12. Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula successfully diagnosed by CT esophagography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Koichi Nagata; Yoshito Kamio; Tamaki Ichikawa; Mitsutaka Kadokura; Akihiko Kitami; Shungo Endo; Haruhiro Inoue; Shin-Ei Kudo

    2006-01-01

    Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) or bronchoesophageal fistula may be congenital, inflammatory, neoplastic,or secondary to trauma. Congenital TEF or bronchoesophageal fistula is usually associated with esophageal atresia and is readily diagnosed in infancy.But if it is not associated with esophageal atresia, it may persist until adulthood. Some theories have been proposed to explain this delay in diagnosis. We present a case of a 70-year-old man with congenital TEF. The TEF was successfully diagnosed by multidetector-row CT esophagography.

  13. Enterovesical fistula caused by a bladder squamous cell carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun-Hsiang Ou Yang; Keng-Hao Liu; Tse-Ching Chen; Phei-Lang Chang; Ta-Sen Yeh

    2009-01-01

    Enterovesical fistulas are not uncommon in patients with inflammatory or malignant colonic disease, however,fistulas secondary to primary bladder carcinomas are extremely rare. We herein reported a patient presenting with intractable urinary tract infection due to enterovesical fistula formation caused by a squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. This patient underwent en bloc resection of the bladder dome and involved ileum, and recovered uneventfully without urinary complaint. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case reported in the literature.

  14. Enterovesical Fistula Secondary to Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellers, William; Fiorelli, Robert

    2015-11-01

    Enterovesical fistulas are a well-known complication of inflammatory and malignant bowel disease. Bladder carcinoma, however, is an extremely rare etiology. We describe a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder with an enterovesical fistula. This rare phenomenon has never been previously reported in western literature. We review the diagnosis, work up and treatment of enterovesical fistulas. Unfortunately, the prognosis for these highly invasive tumors is very poor and the treatment is often palliative. The high morbidity and mortality makes management of these patients exceptionally challenging.

  15. Endovascular Management of Splenic Arteriovenous Fistula with Giant Venous Aneurysmal Dilatation

    OpenAIRE

    Hamed Ibrahim, Wael; M Bassurrah, Hana

    2012-01-01

    Although splenic artery aneurysm is the commonest visceral and third most common intra abdominal aneurysm after aorta and iliac artery, aneurysm of splenic artery along with aneurysm of splenic vein and arteriovenous fistula is a rare entity. Most of them are 10 cm have been reported. We report a case of 11 cm × 8 cm giant splenic vein aneurysm with splenic arteriovenous fistula as the 1st case of giant splenic venous aneurysm with arteriovenous fistula managed by endovascular treatment.

  16. H type tracheoesophageal fistula detected by radionuclide salivagram

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Dong Yun; Kim, Kyung Mo; Kim, Jae Seung [Univ. of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Congenital H type tracheoesophageal fistula is a rare anomaly in infants and the early diagnosis of this disorder is still a challenge to pediatricians due to scarcity, non specific symptoms and lack of a single diagnostic examination. We report the case of a 3 month old baby with choking and recurrent aspiration which finally turned out to be a tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia (H type)by radionuclide salivagram.

  17. SPONTANEOUS DUODENO-BILIARY FISTULA CAUSED BY DUODENAL PEPTIC ULCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Danila

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous duodeno-biliary fistula represents a rare complication of chronic duodenal peptic ulcer. The authors present two cases with this pathology and also the particularities of surgical approach. Spontaneous duodeno-biliary fistula caused by chronic peptic ulcer is often a surprising diagnostic in the era of H2 blockers. The difficulties and the complexity of the diagnosis associated with the particularities of surgical technique represent the key of this rare disease.

  18. Infrahyoid muscle flap for pharyngeal fistulae after cervical spine surgery: a novel approach—Report of six cases

    OpenAIRE

    Rainer O. Seidl; Niedeggen, Andreas; Todt, Ingo; Westhofen, Martin; Ernst, Arne

    2006-01-01

    A report of our experiences involving the treatment six male patients with a new method of closing perforations in the pharynx and upper esophagus, following surgery of the cervical spine region. Perforation of the pharynx and upper esophagus are rare complications following cervical spine surgery. The grave consequences of these complications necessitate in most cases immediate surgical therapy. In most cases, the first step involves the removal of the cervical plate and screws. The defect w...

  19. Peptic ulcers accompanied with gastrointestinal bleeding, pylorus obstruction and cholangitis secondary to choledochoduodenal fistula: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Xi, Bin; JIA, JUN-JUN; Lin, Bing-Yi; Geng, Lei; Zheng, Shu-Sen

    2015-01-01

    Peptic ulcers are an extremely common condition, usually occurring in the stomach and proximal duodenum. However, cases of peptic ulcers accompanied with multiple complications are extremely rare and hard to treat. The present case reinforces the requirement for the early recognition and correct treatment of peptic ulcers accompanied with multiple complications. A 67-year-old man presented with recurrent abdominal pain, fever and melena. The laboratory results showed anemia (hemoglobin 62 g/l...

  20. Surgical Management of Enterocutaneous Fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Enterocutaneous (EC) fistula is an abnormal connection between the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and skin. The majority of EC fistulas result from surgery. About one third of fistulas close spontaneously with medical treatment and radiologic interventions. Surgical treatment should be reserved for use after sufficient time has passed from the previous laparotomy to allow lysis of the fibrous adhesion using full nutritional and medical treatment and until a complete understanding of the anatomy of the fistula has been achieved. The successful management of GI fistula requires a multi-disciplinary team approach including a gastroenterologist, interventional radiologist, enterostomal therapist, dietician, social worker and surgeons. With this coordinated approach, EC fistula can be controlled with acceptable morbidity and mortality.

  1. Bronchoesophageal Fistula Repair with Intercostal Muscle Flap Followed by Occlusion of Residual Diverticula with N-butyl Cyanoacrylate (NBCA) Glue: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saikia, Manuj Kumar; Kalita, Jyoti Prasad; Handique, Akash; Topno, Noor; Sarma, Kalyan

    2016-08-01

    The incidence of bronchoesophageal fistula in presence of benign pathology of tracheal tree or oesophagus is rare. It is encountered in thoracic diseases like tuberculosis, syphilis or histoplasmosis due to erosion by infected lymph node or abscess to adjoining structures. The source of primary pathology has to be eliminated followed by appropriate steps of fistula tract closure is essential for optimal result. We report a 25-year-old patient with left sided bronchoesophageal fistula. He had a past history of pulmonary tuberculosis. A left lower lobectomy followed by repair of oesophageal fistula opening was performed by primary closure and reinforcement with an intercostal muscle flap based on posterior intercostal artery. Postoperative oesophagogram showed short diverticula, which was occluded with n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) glue under radiological guidance. Feeding was started one week after application of glue without further complication. Reports on intercostals muscle flap repair and intervention of residual oesophageal diverticula with n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) glue under radiological guidance are scanty. PMID:27656500

  2. Traumatic arteriovenous fistula. Apropos of a case Fístula arteriovenosa postraumática. A propósito de un caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Victoria Gordis Aguilera.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The traumatisms that affect the extremities represent 80% of all the vascular traumatisms approximately. The inadequate handling of these it contributes to fateful consequences as the loss of the life or of the function of the extremity. The vascular lesions for firearm constitute one of the main causes with the appearance of arteriovenous fistula. We present the case of a 36 year old masculine patient with antecedents of having hurt 1 year ago by firearm in the root of the left thigh goes to present increase of volume of the extremity and difficulty to the march with sensation of fatigue and gravity. To the physical exam increase of volume of the limb more marked affection was verified in the root of the thigh, in the area related with the bullet impact thrill is felt and blow holosistólico is auscultated. The echo doppler and the tomography with contrast use evidenced the presence of a arteriovenous fistula. With this diagnosis was carried out surgical exploration and repair by means of veins bond for exclusion and interference of ilio-femoral arterial implant of politetrafluoroethylene (PTFE. The postoperative evolution was satisfactory with regression of all the clinical signs.Los traumatismos vasculares representan aproximadamente el 80 % de todos los traumatismos que afectan a las extremidades. El manejo inadecuado de estos ocasiona consecuencias funestas como la pérdida de la vida o de la función de la extremidad. Las lesiones vasculares por arma de fuego constituyen una de las principales causas de la aparición de fístulas arteriovenosas. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 36 años de edad, con antecedentes de herida por arma de fuego en la raíz del muslo izquierdo, este paciente acudió a la consulta del servicio de Angiología, por presentar aumento de volumen en la extremidad y se le dificultaba la marcha, además sentía sensación de cansancio. Al realizar el examen físico se constató aumento de volumen

  3. Coronary artery fistula draining into pulmonary artery and optimal management: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Rippel, Radoslaw Adam; Kolvekar, Shyam

    2013-01-01

    Coronary artery fistula is a rare congenital malformation of high variability. The disease is illustrated with a description of a case example. The management of patients with coronary artery fistulas remains controversial. Both spontaneous regression and life threatening complications have been described. The fistula can be ligated or embolised; however, there are no long term outcome data regarding management. Intraoperative risk of myocardial infarction is less than 5% and death rate varie...

  4. BUCCAL ADVANCEMENT FLAP DAN ANTROSTOMI: UNTUK TERAPI ORO ANTRAL FISTULA (Laporan Kasus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizal Rivandi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Buccal advancement flap is one of the many ways of treating oro antral fistula. This technique is frequently used by dentists because it is easier to do and has several advantages compared to other techniques. This paper reports a case of oro antral fistula caused by complication of a tooth extraction, with discussions about definition, ethics and other therapies of oro antral fistula.

  5. Arteriovenous Fistula Complicated by Popliteal Venous Access for Endovascular Thrombolytic Therapy of Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byun, Sung Su; Kim, Jeong Ho; Park, Chul Hi; Hwang, Hee Young; Kim, Hyung SiK [Gacheon University Gil Medical Center, Gacheon (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Young Sun; Kim, Won Hong [Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-10-15

    We report a case of an iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula complicated by catheter- directed thrombolytic therapy in a patient with acute deep vein thrombosis of a lower extremity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an arteriovenous fistula between the sural artery and popliteal vein in that situation. As the vessels have a close anatomical relationship, the arteriovenous fistula seems to be a potential complication after endovascular thrombolytic therapy of acute deep vein thrombosis.

  6. Postoperative Pancreatic Fistula: A Surgeon’s Nightmare! An Insight with a Detailed Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad Seetharam

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Context Postoperative fistula formation is an important complication following pancreatic resections. Objective A large volume of literature without uniform conclusions is available regarding various controversies about postoperative pancreatic fistulae. The term postoperative pancreatic fistula includes fistula resulting from any surgery involving pancreas, most commonly pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal pancreatectomy. In this review, we have tried to present a comprehensive account of postoperative pancreatic fistula with particular emphasis on important controversies clouding the subject. Methods We performed Medline literature search for relevant articles using the key words pancreas, pancreatic cancer, pancreatectomy, pancreatoduodenectomy, Whipple’s operation, postoperative, complications, fistula, management and treatment in various combinations with the Boolean operators AND, OR and NOT. Conclusions Postoperative pancreatic fistula is a troublesome complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy. Although the risk factors for postoperative pancreatic fistula have been extensively described, none of the methods recommended for preventing postoperative pancreatic fistula have been conclusively proved to be effective. While endoscopic treatment and percutaneous treatment form important aspects of treatment of postoperative pancreatic fistula, surgery may be required for select cases.

  7. Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula with spinal medullary venous drainage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiesmann, M.; Padovan, C.S.; Pfister, H.W.; Yousry, T.A. [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Neuroradiologie

    2000-10-01

    We report on a 46-year-old patient in whom an intracranial dural arteriovenous (AV) fistula, supplied by a branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery, drained into spinal veins and produced rapidly progressive symptoms of myelopathy and brainstem dysfunction including respiratory insufficiency. Magnetic resonance imaging studies demonstrated brainstem oedema and dilated veins of the brainstem and spinal cord. Endovascular embolization of the fistula led to good neurological recovery, although the patient had been paraplegic for 24 h prior to embolization. This case demonstrates the MRI characteristics of an intracranial dural AV fistula with spinal drainage and illustrates the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. Even paraplegia may be reversible, if angiography is performed and the fistula treated before ischaemic and gliotic changes become irreversible. (orig.)

  8. Clinical and echocardiographic features of aorto-atrial fistulas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ananthasubramaniam Karthik

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aorto-atrial fistulas (AAF are rare but important pathophysiologic conditions of the aorta and have varied presentations such as acute pulmonary edema, chronic heart failure and incidental detection of the fistula. A variety of mechanisms such as aortic dissection, endocarditis with pseudoaneurysm formation, post surgical scenarios or trauma may precipitate the fistula formation. With increasing survival of patients, particularly following complex aortic reconstructive surgeries and redo valve surgeries, recognition of this complication, its clinical features and echocardiographic diagnosis is important. Since physical exam in this condition may be misleading, echocardiography serves as the cornerstone for diagnosis. The case below illustrates aorto-left atrial fistula formation following redo aortic valve surgery with slowly progressive symptoms of heart failure. A brief review of the existing literature of this entity is presented including emphasis on echocardiographic diagnosis and treatment.

  9. Congenital lacrimal sac fistula: intraoperative visualization by polyvinyl siloxane cast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatnagar, Aparna; Eckstein, Lauren A; Douglas, Raymond S; Goldberg, Robert A

    2008-01-01

    We report the intraoperative use of polyvinyl siloxane impression material to demonstrate the anatomy of the lacrimal sac, canaliculi, and lacrimal duct in a case of congenital lacrimal sac fistula. A 1-week-old boy was examined for tearing since birth. Examination revealed a left congenital lacrimal sac fistula. After a failed surgery to close the fistula with silicone intubation at 6 months of age, the patient underwent endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy performed at 14 months of age, aided by intraoperative injection of polyvinyl siloxane (trade name Reprosil) to mark and protect the nasolacrimal sac and facilitate endonasal visualization. A polyvinyl siloxane cast demonstrated the anatomy of the accessory canaliculus causing nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Postoperatively, the epiphora resolved and the fistula remained closed. The polyvinyl siloxane cast provides a 3-dimensional "ex vivo " model of the lacrimal sac, upper duct, and canalicular anatomy, and can be used in dacryocystorhinostomy surgery to identify and protect the lacrimal sac.

  10. Neuro-endovascular Embolic Agent for Treatment of a Renal Arteriovenous Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurpreet Singh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Renal arteriovenous fistula is a known complication following a renal biopsy, and may require catheter based embolization. Distal location of these fistulas in the renal parenchyma in many a case may necessitate non-traditional embolic materials. Liquid embolic agents that allow a controlled delivery may be suitable in this situation, as demonstrated in this case report.

  11. A CASE OF FRANK INTRABILIARY RUPTURE OF HEPATIC HYDATID CYST VIA FISTULA TO THE COMMON BILE DUCT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahele Mehraeen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid disease primarily affects the liver and typically demonstrates characteristic imaging findings.There are many potential local complications as intrahepatic complications, exophytic growth, transdiaphragmatic thoracic involvement, perforation into hollow viscera, peritoneal seeding, biliary communication, portal vein involvement and abdominal wall invasion. Rupture of a hydatid cyst into the biliary tract is the most common complication of hepatic hydatid cyst. This is due to the incorporation of biliary radicles into the pericyst. Itmay occur in three routes; namely, contained,communicating and direct. When the cyst contents escape via biliary or bronchial radicles, the rupture is communicating. Cysto-biliary communications can either be occult or frank and the frank CBC accounts for only 5%-15% of the cases. It occurs in the right duct in 55-60% of cases, in the left duct in 25- 30%, and rarely in the confluence or gallbladder. Although communication with the intrahepatic bile ducts is common, its occurrence between a hepatic hydatid cyst and the common bile duct is rare. We present an unusual case of a fistulous communication between a hepatic hydatid cyst and CBD and frank cyst evacuation in a 42-year-old man. The sonographic, abdominal CT scan and MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP features have been discussed. The purpose of this report is to draw attention to this rare occurrence and to highlight the presentation and the imaging features of it.

  12. Modern management of anal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limura, Elsa; Giordano, Pasquale

    2015-01-01

    Ideal surgical treatment for anal fistula should aim to eradicate sepsis and promote healing of the tract, whilst preserving the sphincters and the mechanism of continence. For the simple and most distal fistulae, conventional surgical options such as laying open of the fistula tract seem to be relatively safe and therefore, well accepted in clinical practise. However, for the more complex fistulae where a significant proportion of the anal sphincter is involved, great concern remains about damaging the sphincter and subsequent poor functional outcome, which is quite inevitable following conventional surgical treatment. For this reason, over the last two decades, many sphincter-preserving procedures for the treatment of anal fistula have been introduced with the common goal of minimising the injury to the anal sphincters and preserving optimal function. Among them, the ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract procedure appears to be safe and effective and may be routinely considered for complex anal fistula. Another technique, the anal fistula plug, derived from porcine small intestinal submucosa, is safe but modestly effective in long-term follow-up, with success rates varying from 24%-88%. The failure rate may be due to its extrusion from the fistula tract. To obviate that, a new designed plug (GORE BioA®) was introduced, but long term data regarding its efficacy are scant. Fibrin glue showed poor and variable healing rate (14%-74%). FiLaC and video-assisted anal fistula treatment procedures, respectively using laser and electrode energy, are expensive and yet to be thoroughly assessed in clinical practise. Recently, a therapy using autologous adipose-derived stem cells has been described. Their properties of regenerating tissues and suppressing inflammatory response must be better investigated on anal fistulae, and studies remain in progress. The aim of this present article is to review the pertinent literature, describing the advantages and limitations of

  13. Heart Failure with Transient Left Bundle Branch Block in the Setting of Left Coronary Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen P. Juraschek

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary arterial fistulas are rare communications between vessels or chambers of the heart. Although cardiac symptoms associated with fistulas are well described, fistulas are seldom considered in the differential diagnosis of acute myocardial ischemia. We describe the case of a 64-year-old man who presented with left shoulder pain, signs of heart failure, and a new left bundle branch block (LBBB. Cardiac catheterization revealed a small left anterior descending (LAD-to-pulmonary artery (PA fistula. Diuresis led to subjective improvement of the patient's symptoms and within several days the LBBB resolved. We hypothesize that the coronary fistula in this patient contributed to transient ischemia of the LAD territory through a coronary steal mechanism. We elected to observe rather than repair the fistula, as his symptoms and ECG changes resolved with treatment of his heart failure.

  14. The upper arm arterio-venous fistula--an alternative for vascular access in haemodialysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gade, J; Aabech, J; Hansen, R I

    1995-01-01

    Forty-eight consecutive arteriovenous fistulae of the upper arm constructed in 44 patients between 1983 and 1987 were reviewed. The median observation time was 8.5 months (range 1 day-65 months). The overall patency rate for fistulae used for haemodialysis (early failures excluded) was 50% after...... one year and 38% after two years. However, only six (18.7%) of the used fistulae stopped because of thrombosis. The total number of thromboses was nine (19.6%). The main cause of discontinuance of fistulae was a high number of deaths (n = 22), presumably a result of a high median age of 62 years....... Early failure rate was seven of 46 (15.2%); in three cases (6.5%) this was caused by thrombosis. The results are compared to other alternatives for radiocephalic fistulae and the difficulties of comparisons are discussed. It is concluded that the upper arm arteriovenous fistula can serve as a second...

  15. [Sigmoidoperianal fistula associated with diverticulitis and Cul de Sac situation--diagnostics and therapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weyand, G; Rinast, E; Englert, A; Houf, M

    2002-07-01

    We report on the case of a 64-year-old female patient who presented herself in our outpatient clinic because of a perianal fistula with recurrent abscesses. We describe the step diagnostics and the surgical treatment of the causal sigmoido-perianal fistula with diverticulitis and Cul de sac situation. Clinical examination, fistulography, colonoscopy and MRT were part of the precise representation and preparation for the high anterior rectosigmoidal resection with simultaneous rectopexy according to Sudeck which were performed without complications. The sigmoidoperianal fistula must be taken into account as a differential diagnosis of a recalcitrant high perianal fistula. PMID:12122593

  16. CONGENITAL VESICOUTERINE FISTULA ALONG WITH DISTAL VAGINAL AGENESIS, SOLITARY KIDNEY AND TONGUE TIE: A RARITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available : Congenital vesicouterine fistula in association with vaginal agenesis and solitary renal agenesis has been rarely reported. We present a case of 19 year old female suffering from cyclical menouria for last years. Physical examination revealed absence of vagina. IVP revealed left renal agenesis and CT scan revealed left renal agenesis with vesicouterine fistula. Cystoscopy showed vesicouterine fistula located above trigone near midline. Vesicouterine fistula was repaired along with uterine preservation. Sigmoid colon neovagina was created. Patient is doing well and menstruating per vagina till last followup

  17. Duodenal-bronchial fistula: an unusual cause of shortness of breath and a productive cough

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Wong, BMBS

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Duodenal-bronchial fistulas are very uncommon, even among the already rare subgroup of abdominal-bronchial fistulas. We describe a case of a woman with Crohn's disease who presented with shortness of breath and a productive cough who was found to have a duodeanl bronchial fistula on computed tomography scan. We demonstrate with this case how these rare cases can lead to chronic lung aspirations and require multidisciplinary involvement.

  18. Duodenal-bronchial fistula: an unusual cause of shortness of breath and a productive cough.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Cynthia; Khan, Kalim; Byass, Oliver

    2016-09-01

    Duodenal-bronchial fistulas are very uncommon, even among the already rare subgroup of abdominal-bronchial fistulas. We describe a case of a woman with Crohn's disease who presented with shortness of breath and a productive cough who was found to have a duodeanl bronchial fistula on computed tomography scan. We demonstrate with this case how these rare cases can lead to chronic lung aspirations and require multidisciplinary involvement. PMID:27594936

  19. Surgery for Crohn's anal fistulas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugita, A; Koganei, K; Harada, H; Yamazaki, Y; Fukushima, T; Shimada, H

    1995-11-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the features of Crohn's anal fistulas and to evaluate the efficacy of seton treatment. In 119 patients with Crohn's disease, the incidence of anal fistula was 56% (67/119), with no significant difference in the incidence among patients with ileitis, colitis, and ileocolitis. "Intractable" anal fistulas were found in 17% of patients with ileitis, compared to 64% of those with colitis (P = 0.051) and 68% of those with ileocolitis (P = 0.014). Seton treatment, i.e., non-cutting, long-term seton drainage, was performed for 21 patients (5 with intersphincteric, and 16 with transsphincteric fistulas). In the 16-month follow up, 9 patients required redrainage for recurrent fistulous abscess, mainly because of progressive colorectal disease. Finally, a good result was obtained in 17 of the 21 patients (81%) and no recurrent fistulous abscess developed in the 8 patients in whom all setons were removed. Anal continence was preserved in all the patients. These results indicate that anal fistulas with Crohn's ileitis were cured more easily than those with colitis or ileocolitis, and that seton treatment was effective for intersphincteric fistula with multiple fistula openings and for transphincteric fistulas in patients exhibiting remission of intestinal Crohn's disease. PMID:8563879

  20. Renopleural fistula after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palou Redorta, J; Banús Gassol, J M; Prera Vilaseca, A; Ramón Dalmau, M; Morote Robles, J; Ahmad Wahad, A

    1988-01-01

    We present here a 42-year-old female who developed a renopleural fistula after a percutaneous nephrolithotomy through the 11th intercostal space of a calculus of the upper calyces of the right kidney. The fistula was resolved with a chest tube and a double-J ureteral catheter. PMID:3388633

  1. Bronchoesophageal fistula secondary to mediastinal lymph node tuberculosis: a case report and review of the literature%纵隔淋巴结结核引起支气管食管瘘一例及文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖理粤; 吴华; 张挪富; 刘春丽; 李时悦; 顾莹莹; 陈荣昌

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the clinical features of 1 case of bronchoesophageal fistula(BEF)secondary to mediastinal lymph node tuberculosis.Methods The clinical,auxiliary examinational and pathological data of 1 case with BEF were presented,and the literatures were reviewed.Results The patient was a 19 year old female,who was admitted to hospital because of fever and cough associated with liquid intake.It was diagnosed by chest CT scan,endobronchial ultrasound biopsy of mediastinal lymph nodes,and clinical testing (methylene blue).The BEF was closed after anti-tuberculosis therapy and preventing contamination of the fistula by indwelling stomach tube.Conclusions Bronchoesophageal fistula secondary to mediastinal lymph node tuberculosis is rare.Chest CT scan,fiberoptic bronchoscopy,and clinical testing (methylene blue) are useful diagnostic tools for BEF.%目的 分析1例纵隔淋巴结结核引起支气管食管瘘(bronchoesophageal fistula,BEF)的临床特征,以提高对该病的认识.方法 分析广州医科大学附属第一医院呼吸疾病研究所收治的1例BEF的临床表现、辅助检查及诊治过程,并结合文献进行回顾性分析.通过Pubmed数据库以“fistula”和“tuberculosis"先后与“tracheoesophageal”、“bronchoesophageal"和“esophagorespiratory"联合搜索,至2012年10月31日共获取33篇相关文献.通过万方数据库对中文文献进行检索,检索词为“结核,气管食管瘘/支气管食管瘘”,至2012年10月31日检出相关文献报道1篇.结果 患者女,19岁,既往体健.因发热、饮水呛咳住院.经胸部CT,支气管管内超声引导纵隔淋巴结活检及口服美蓝试验确诊.通过抗结核治疗及留置胃管防止食物对瘘口的污染,BEF瘘口愈合.结论 纵隔淋巴结结核引起的BEF罕见.胸部CT、支气管镜检查及口服美蓝试验均为诊断BEF的有效方法.

  2. Carotid Cavernous Fistula Associated with Persistent Trigeminal Artery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurst, Robert W.; Howard, Robert S.; Zager, Eric

    1998-01-01

    Carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) associated with persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) is a rare but important clinical entity. We present a case treated by microcoil embolization with preservation of internal carotid, PTA, and hasilar artery flow following embolization. A 62-year-old female developed pulsatile tinnitus followed by left eye proptosis and diplopia. Examination revealed a cranial nerve VI palsy and an objective bruit over the left orbit. Angiographic evaluation revealed a carotid cavernous fistula originating from a persistent trigeminal artery. Placement of a detachable balloon across the fistula site while preserving the PTA proved impossible, and the fistula was treated with microcoils following placement of a microcatheter across the fistula into the cavernous sinus. Complete closure of the fistula was followed by resolution of the patient's symptoms. Preservation of all major vessels including the PTA was accomplished through the use of coil embolization. Careful evaluation of the angiogram is necessary to identify PTA associated with a CCF. Previous reports have described treatment of CCF with PTA by surgical or balloon ocolusion, some involving sacrifice of the PTA. Examination of the relevant embryology and anatomy reveals, however, that occlusion of the PTA must be approached with caution due to potential supply to the posterior circulation. ImagesFigure 1 PMID:17171071

  3. Case report: Manual lymphatic drainage and kinesio taping in the secondary malignant breast cancer-related lymphedema in an arm with arteriovenous (A-V) fistula for hemodialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Ya-Hui; Li, Shu-Hua; Liao, Su-Fen; Tang, Hao-Wei

    2013-08-01

    Lymphedema is a dreaded complication of breast cancer treatment. The standard care for lymphedema is complex decongestive physiotherapy, which includes manual lymphatic drainage (MLD), short stretch bandaging, exercise, and skin care. The Kinesio Taping could help to improve lymphatic uptake. We reported a patient with unilateral secondary malignant breast cancer-related lymphedema and arteriovenous (A-V) fistula for hemodialysis happened in the same arm, and used kinesio taping, MLD, and exercise to treat this patient because no pressure could be applied to the A-V fistula. The 12-session therapy created an excellent effect. We do not think the kinesio taping could replace short stretch bandaging, but it could be another choice for contraindicating pressure therapy patients, and we should pay attention to wounds induced by kinesio tape.

  4. Case report: Manual lymphatic drainage and kinesio taping in the secondary malignant breast cancer-related lymphedema in an arm with arteriovenous (A-V) fistula for hemodialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Ya-Hui; Li, Shu-Hua; Liao, Su-Fen; Tang, Hao-Wei

    2013-08-01

    Lymphedema is a dreaded complication of breast cancer treatment. The standard care for lymphedema is complex decongestive physiotherapy, which includes manual lymphatic drainage (MLD), short stretch bandaging, exercise, and skin care. The Kinesio Taping could help to improve lymphatic uptake. We reported a patient with unilateral secondary malignant breast cancer-related lymphedema and arteriovenous (A-V) fistula for hemodialysis happened in the same arm, and used kinesio taping, MLD, and exercise to treat this patient because no pressure could be applied to the A-V fistula. The 12-session therapy created an excellent effect. We do not think the kinesio taping could replace short stretch bandaging, but it could be another choice for contraindicating pressure therapy patients, and we should pay attention to wounds induced by kinesio tape. PMID:22879520

  5. MRI in evaluation of perianal fistulae:

    OpenAIRE

    Sofic, Amela; Beslic, Serif; Sehovic, Nedzad; Caluk, Jasmin; Sofic, Damir

    2010-01-01

    Background Fistula is considered to be any abnormal passage which connects two epithelial surfaces. Parks’ fistulae classification demonstrates the biggest practical significance and divides fistulae into: intersphincteric, transsphincteric, suprasphincteric and extrasphincteric. Etiology of perianal fistulae is most commonly linked with the inflammation of anal glands in Crohn’s disease, tuberculosis, pelvic infections, pelvic malignant tumours, and with the radiotherapy. Diagnostic method o...

  6. Fístula gastrocólica na síndrome de Bartter em uso de indometacina: relato de dois casos Gastrocolic fistula in Bartter's syndrome caused by indometacin: report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila Rodrigues Barbosa

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Os autores relatam dois casos de fístula gastrocólica causada por uso crônico de indometacina em pacientes com síndrome de Bartter, em acompanhamento no Instituto da Criança do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. O diagnóstico foi realizado por meio de trânsito intestinal, que evidenciou passagem de contraste da grande curvatura gástrica para o cólon transverso. O tratamento foi cirúrgico em ambos os casos.The authors report two cases of gastrocolic fistula caused by chronic therapy with indometacin in patients with Bartter's syndrome followed at the outpatients clinic of "Instituto da Criança do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo", Brazil. The diagnosis was suggested by a barium meal that showed a gastrocolic fistula between the greater curvature of the stomach and the transverse colon. Treatment was surgical in the both cases.

  7. Dural fistulas of the cavernous sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guibert-Tranier, F.; Piton, J.; Caille, J.M.; Lemoine, J.J.

    1984-11-01

    Five cases of dural fistulas of the cavernous sinus are reported. The clinical aspect of this lesion is often misleading in the absence of subjective or objective bruits. The diagnosis is made at angiography which should systematically include the internal and external carotid arteries bilaterally. The goal of this study was to elucidate the great variability of the venous drainage and to correlate it with the clinical symptoms and course. The main problem is to know when and how these fistulas should be treated. Vascular ligatures should not be performed. Therapeutic angiography is the treatment of choice, but should be limited to the following indications: poorly tolerated bruits, severe ophthalmic damage (elevated ocular tension, diminished visual acuity, or oculomotor paralysis), angiographically demonstrated massive arteriovenous shunting, and a high degree of cortical venous reflux. Whatever the indication, the course after embolisation is rarely predictable and in particular the risk of extensive venous thrombosis or recurrence is great.

  8. Dural fistulas of the cavernous sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five cases of dural fistulas of the cavernous sinus are reported. The clinical aspect of this lesion is often misleading in the absence of subjective or objective bruits. The diagnosis is made at angiography which should systematically include the internal and external carotid arteries bilaterally. The goal of this study was to elucidate the great variability of the venous drainage and to correlate it with the clinical symptoms and course. The main problem is to know when and how these fistulas should be treated. Vascular ligatures should not be performed. Therapeutic angiography is the treatment of choice, but should be limited to the following indications: poorly tolerated bruits, severe ophthalmic damage (elevated ocular tension, diminished visual acuity, or oculomotor paralysis), angiographically demonstrated massive arteriovenous shunting, and a high degree of cortical venous reflux. Whatever the indication, the course after embolisation is rarely predictable and in particular the risk of extensive venous thrombosis or recurrence is great. (orig.)

  9. Pharyngocutaneous fistula onset after total laryngectomy: scintigraphic analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galli, J; Valenza, V; Parrilla, C; Galla, S; Marchese, M R; Castaldi, P; Almadori, G; Paludetti, G

    2009-10-01

    Pharyngocutaneous fistula is the most common non-fatal complication following total laryngectomy. To start oral feeding and exclude the presence of a pharyngocutaneous fistula, a subjective test and instrumental assessments using videofluoroscopy, have been described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of oral-pharyngo-oesophageal scintigraphy as an objective and non-invasive tool to establish presence, site and dimensions of the fistula. Observations were performed on 3 male patients, mean age 65 years, who underwent total laryngectomy and mono or bilateral neck dissection after failure of radiotherapy in 2 cases and of conservative laryngeal surgery in the third case, complicated by post-operative pharyngocutaneous fistula. Oral-pharyngo-oesophageal scintigraphy dynamic study with sequential images were obtained during the swallowing phases. In case 1, the test showed a wide pharyngocutaneous fistula the internal orifice of which was at the level of the base of the tongue: on the scintigraphic images, the radiomarked water bolus, from the fistulous orifice, descended along the stoma walls and only a small part reached the oesophagus. In the other two patients, the pharyngocutaneous fistula was small and the internal fistulous orifice was detected in the lower part of T-suture line. In conclusion, scintigraphy offered the possibility to precisely identify presence of pharyngocutaneous fistula and location of its internal orifice and to monitor its spontaneous closure. Therefore, important information could be obtained regarding the suture line status and the possibility of deciding whether to remove the nasogastric tube or to leave it in place. Finally, these data showed that oral-pharyngo-oesophageal scintigraphy could be performed in the early post-operative period to optimize starting safe oral feeding. PMID:20162023

  10. Pulmonary arterio-venous micro fistulae - Diagnostic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four patients with pulmonary arterio-venous micro-fistulae - of which two were male (50%) - the ages varying from 10 to 43 (X sup(∼) = 22,7), were studied at the Cardiology Centre of the 6th Ward of Santa Casa da Misericordia Hospital in Rio de Janeiro. They were all basically suffering from Manson's Schistosomiasis, the hepato-splenic form in 3 cases (75%) and the Rendu Osler Weber disease with juvenile cirrhosis in 1 case (25%). All four of them had portal hypertension. The individual cases were clinically evaluate with X-rays, scintillographic and hemodynamic tests. (author)

  11. The effect of arteriovenous fistulas on in situ saphenous vein bypasses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam, Peter; Jensen, Leif Panduro; Schroeder, T;

    1991-01-01

    Doppler examination identified 89% of those branches with sufficient flow to opacify the deep venous system on completion arteriogram. Half of the missed fistulas underwent spontaneous thrombosis, and in only one case did the arteriovenous fistula lead to hemodynamic symptoms demanding surgical closure...

  12. Urethro-urethral fistula: A rare cause of post-TURP incontinence

    OpenAIRE

    Moorthy, H. Krishna; Biju S Pillai

    2014-01-01

    Prostatic abscess rarely follows acute prostatitis and can sometimes lead to a fistula by breaking into the prostatic urethra, peri-rectal tissues, the perineum, or the rectum. We report a case of a prostatic abscess tracking into the bulbar urethra after a transurethral resection of the prostate. This created a fistula, mimicking a urethral duplication and leading to urinary incontinence.

  13. Post-Traumatic Cavernous Fistula Fed by Persistent Trigeminal Artery: Treatment by GDC Embolisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deol, P.S.; Mishra, N.K.; Gupta, V.; Gaikwad, S.B.; Garg, A.; Singh, N.

    2001-01-01

    Summary A case of traumatic persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) cavernous sinus fistula treated with GDC embolisation is reported. Because of the small lumen of PPTA, posteriorly directed course and flow contribution from the posterior circulation, balloon embolisation via the carotid system was not considered appropriate. The fistula was successfully closed by GDC embolisation. PMID:20663331

  14. Novel treatment of coronary artery fistulae concealing severe coronary artery lesion: using thrombus aspiration catheter as a delivery guide

    OpenAIRE

    Korkmaz, Levent; Acar, Zeydin; Dursun, İhsan; Akyüz, Ali Rıza; Korkmaz, Ayca Ata

    2014-01-01

    In this case report, we present the occlusion of multiple coronary artery fistulae originating from proximal left anterior descending (LAD) and right sinus valsavla and empting to the pulmonary artery at the same place. We occluded LAD fistulae by using thrombus aspiration catheter as a delivery guide. To the best of our knowlege, this is the first case of occlusion of coronary fistulae with the help of thrombus aspiration catheter. Our experience may suggest that thrombus aspiration catheter...

  15. Idiopathic fistula-in-ano

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sherief Shawki; Steven D Wexner

    2011-01-01

    Fistula-in-ano is the most common form of perineal sep- sis. Typically, a fistula includes an internal opening, a track, and an external opening. The external opening might acutely appear following infection and/or an abs-cess, or more insiduously in a chronic manner. Mana-gement includes control of infection, assessment of the fistulous track in relation to the anal sphincter muscle, and finally, definitive treatment of the fistula. Fistulo-tomy was the most commonly used mode of manage-ment, but concerns about post-fistulotomy incontinence prompted the use of sphincter preserving techniques such as advancement flaps, fibrin glue, collagen fistula plug, ligation of the intersphincteric fistula track, and stem cells. Many descriptive and comparative studies have evaluated these different techniques with variable outcomes. The lack of consistent results, level I eviden-ce, or long-term follow-up, as well as the heterogeneity of fistula pathology has prevented a definitive treatment algorithm. This article will review the most commonly available modalities and techniques for managing idio-pathic fistula-in-ano.

  16. Risk factors for leukopenia in patients with gastrointestinal fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Zheng; REN Jian-an; LIU Hai-yan; GU Guo-sheng; LI Jie-shou

    2010-01-01

    Background White blood cell count is an important index to the outcome of patients. In hospital, leukopenia is accompanied by high mortality, morbidity and treatment costs. However, in infectious diseases, the reasons responsible for leucopenia was not well elucidated. We investigated patients with gastrointestinal fistula to find risk factors for leukopenia.Methods A prospective case control investigation was carried out in the Gastrointestinal Fistula Center, General Surgical Institute of Jinling Hospital. Cases included gastrointestinal fistula patients with leukopenia (n=98) and controls composed of gastrointestinal fistula patients with normal white blood cell count (n=78). The two groups were compared for risk factors of leucopenia by statistical analysis.Results Factors associated with an increased risk for leukopenia included bacterial infection (25.5%) and hypoalbuminaemia (61.2%). Multivariable Logistic regression analysis identified bacterial infection (80%), urinary catheter (70%) and central vein catheter (60%) as the independent determinants for mortality in cases.Conclusions In patients with gastrointestinal fistula, two independent factors for leukopenia and three significant predictors of mortality were elucidated. We suggest that clinicians give patients more supportive management and apply prevention strategies to treat and prevent leukopenia.

  17. Congenital systemic artery to pulmonary artery fistula in children: 4 cases report and literature review%儿童先天性体动脉-肺动脉瘘4例并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚瑶; 申昆玲; 胡英惠; 曾津津; 孙记航; 冯雪莉

    2009-01-01

    目的 总结临床表现为大量咯血的先天性体动脉-肺动脉瘘患儿的临床特点及诊治经验.方法 回顾性收集首都医科大学附属北京儿童医院2007年3月至2008年2月诊断为先天性体动脉-肺动脉瘘4例患儿的临床资料,总结其临床表现、胸部X线片、胸部64排CT增强扫描三维容积再现(3D-VR)、数字减影血管造影(DSA)、治疗及随访情况.结果 男1例,女3例,最大发病年龄为11岁,最小发病年龄为2个月,主要表现为咯血.1例有杵状指,3例未见特异性体征.胸部X线片检查:3例未见异常,1例示肺间实质浸润.胸部64排CT增强扫描3D-VR检查:1例提示支气管动脉迂曲,但未见异常交通;1例导管栓塞治疗(TCE)后示右侧支气管动脉扩张迂曲,并与肺动脉相通可能性大,考虑支气管动脉-肺动脉瘘;1例提示支气管动脉-肺动脉瘘;1例未见异常.3例DSA提示为支气管动脉-肺动脉瘘,病变部位均位于右下肺,并行TCE.随访至2009年2~5月,1例复发,表现为痰中带血,胸部64排CT增强扫描未见异常,余3例未复发.3例怀疑为遗传性出血性毛细血管扩张症(HHT),1例考虑为HHT高度危险者.结论 体动脉-肺动脉瘘可造成大量咯血.胸部X线片一般无特异性表现,胸部64排CT增强扫描3D-VR可显示病变部位,明确诊断需行DSA.可采用TCE治疗.TCE远期效果应进行长期随访予以明确.%Objective The purpose of this study was to summarize the diagnosis and treatment of systemic artery-pulmonary artery fistula (or systemic artery-pulmonary artery malformation) in children. Methods The clinical data of four cases with systemic artery-pulmonary artery fistula who were diagnosed from March 2007 to February 2008 were summarized, including present history, past history, family history, physical examination, complete blood count (CBC), percutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO )/ artery blood gas, chest X-ray ( CXR), contrast 64-multidetector-row CT ( MDCT), 3D

  18. Urgent treatment of severe symptomatic direct carotid cavernous fistula caused by ruptured cavernous internal carotid artery aneurysm using high-flow bypass, proximal ligation, and direct distal clipping: Technical case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hirotaka Hasegawa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF secondary to ruptured carotid cavernous aneurysms (CCAs is rare, but patients with this condition who develop acutely worsening and severe neuro-ophthalmic symptoms require urgent treatment. Endovascular methods are the first-line option, but this modality may not be available on an urgent basis. Case Description: In this article, we report a 45-year-old female with severe direct CCF due to rupture of the CCA. She presented with intractable headache and acute worsening of double vision and visual acuity. Emergent radiographic study revealed high-flow fistula tracked from the CCA toward the contralateral cavernous sinus and drained into the engorged left superior orbital vein. To prevent permanent devastating neuro-ophthalmic damages, urgent high-flow bypass with placement of a radial artery graft was performed followed by right cervical internal carotid artery (ICA ligation and the clipping of the ICA at the C3 portion, proximal to the ophthalmic artery. In the immediate postoperative period, her symptoms resolved and angiography confirmed patency of the high-flow bypass and complete occlusion of the CCF. Conclusion: With due consideration of strategy and techniques to secure safety, open surgical intervention with trapping and bypass is a good treatment option for direct severe CCF when the endovascular method is not available, not possible, or is unsuccessful.

  19. The Surgical Treatment Analysis of 18 Cases of Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula%食管闭锁与食管气管瘘18例手术治疗分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安仲军

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨食管闭锁与食管气管瘘的诊断及治疗。方法选取2012年6月~2014年2月收治的18例手术治疗的临床治疗资料进行分析。结果在收治的18例病儿中,手术治疗病儿治愈14例,其中2例术后持续胸膜外引流管引流自行愈合。吻合口狭窄3例,经食管扩张治愈,饮食正常、生长发育正常。结论手术治疗的目的是重建食管的连续并切断食管气管间的瘘管。%Objective The diagnosis and treatment of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula to be investigated.Methods Analyzing the clinically surgical treatment data selected from 18 cases of patients with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula who are treated in hospital from June 2012 to February 2014. Results Of al 18 cases, 14 cases of patients are cured, and 2 cases of patients get the postoperative extrapleural drainage tube healed. Conclusion And three cases with anastomotic stenosis are cured via esophageal dilatation;in addition, the patients’ diet, growth and development are normal again.

  20. Elbow arteriovenous fistulas for chronic haemodialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elcheroth, J; de Pauw, L; Kinnaert, P

    1994-07-01

    Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) were created at the elbow, rather than using prosthetic grafts, when forearm vessels were inadequate. A total of 272 such fistulas were constructed: 49 between the brachial artery and a forearm vein, 91 between the brachial artery and the elbow perforating vein, 52 between the brachial artery and the cephalic vein and 80 between the brachial artery and the basilic vein. In each case the vein was sutured end to side to the artery. The immediate failure rate was 11.8 per cent. The 1- and 4-year cumulative patency rates were 68.7 and 51.2 per cent for brachial artery-forearm vein AVFs, 80.3 and 68.0 per cent for those between the brachial artery and the elbow perforator, 74.1 and 61.3 per cent for brachial artery-cephalic vein fistulas, and 76.7 and 49.2 per cent for those between the brachial artery and the basilic vein. The elbow AVF is a reliable means of establishing vascular access for haemodialysis. PMID:7922091

  1. Successful laparoscopic management for cholecystoenteric fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen-Ke Wang; Chun-Nan Yeh; Yi-Yin Jan

    2006-01-01

    AIM: Since 1987, laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC)has been widely used as the favored treatment for gallbladder lesions. Cholecystoenteric fistula (CF) is an uncommon complication of the gallbladder disease, which has been one of the reasons for the conversion from LC to open cholecystectomy. Here, we have reported four cases of CF managed successfully by laparoscopic approach without conversion to open cholecystectomy.METHODS: During the 4-year period from 2000 to 2004, the medical records of the four patients with CF treated successfully with laparoscopic management at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Taipei were retrospectively reviewed.RESULTS: The study comprised two male and two female patients with ages ranging from 36 to 74 years (median: 53.5 years). All the four patients had right upper quadrant pain. Two of the four patients were detected with pneumobilia by abdominal ultrasonography.One patient was diagnosed with cholecystocolic fistula preoperatively correctly by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and the other one was diagnosed as cholecystoduodenal fistula by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. Correct preoperative diagnosis of CF was made in two of the four patients with 50% preoperative diagnostic rate. All the four patients underwent LC and closure of the fistula was carried out by using Endo-GIA successfully with uneventful postoperative courses. The hospital stay of the four patients ranged from 7 to 10 d (median, 8 d).CONCLUSION: CF is a known complication of chronic gallbladder disease that is traditionally considered as a contraindication to LC. Correct preoperative diagnosis of CF demands high index of suspicion and determines the success of laparoscopic management for the subset of patients. The difficult laparoscopic repair is safe and effective in the experienced hands of laparoscopic surgeons.

  2. Pancreaticoureteral Fistula Following Penetrating Abdominal Trauma

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    Joshua H Wolf

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Context The main pancreatic duct can form a fistulous communication with another epithelium in the setting of prolonged inflammation, operative manipulation, or direct trauma. We present a rare complication of a pancreaticoureteral fistula following a trauma nephrectomy. Case report A 17-year-old male who sustained a gunshot wound to the back arrived to our Emergency Room hyopotensive, tachycardic, and with free intraperitoneal fluid on focused assessment sonography for trauma (FAST exam. He was taken to the operating room for an exploratory laporatomy where a left nephrectomy was performed to control active bleeding from the left renal hilum. Significant bleeding was also encountered at the portal venous confluence. After packing and damage control laparotomy, the periportal/pancreatic bleeding was controlled during a second procedure 6 hours later. After one month in the Intensive Care Unit with an open abdomen, a computed tomography (CT scan revealed a fluid collection in the splenic fossa which was drained by catheter. Persistent drainage revealed a high amylase concentration (greater than 50,000 U/L. A fistulogram revealed interruption of the main pancreatic duct, and a fluid collection by the tail of the pancreas that was in communication with the left ureter. The patient’s urine amylase was also elevated. The patient was treated nonoperatively given the healing open abdomen and controlled fistula. He had an otherwise uncomplicated recovery. Conclusions This is the second report of a pancreaticoureteral fistula in the literature. Treatment of this communication should be similar to that of other pancreatic fistulae.

  3. Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis Following Repair of Esophageal Atresia and Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula

    OpenAIRE

    Emmanuelle Seguier-Lipszyc; Baruch Klin

    2014-01-01

    Two cases of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) developed after a few weeks of repair of an esophageal atresia and tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA&TEF). Both cases were dealt successfully with laparoscopic pyloromyotomy.

  4. Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis Following Repair of Esophageal Atresia and Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle Seguier-Lipszyc

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Two cases of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS developed after a few weeks of repair of an esophageal atresia and tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA&TEF. Both cases were dealt successfully with laparoscopic pyloromyotomy.

  5. The snuffbox arteriovenous fistula for vascular access :28 cases report.%血液透析用鼻烟窝动静脉内瘘28例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱仁明; 陈学明; 李晨宇; 冯海; 于宏志; 张喆; 房杰; 刘彬; 高翔

    2011-01-01

    Objective To determine the establishment,patency rate ,complication and applicability of internal arteriovenous fistula at anatonmical snuff- box. Methods Twenty - eight chronic renalfailure patients have been established internal arteriovenous fistula at anatomical snuff - box below the carpal joint since July, 2007, end - to - side anastomosis between cephalic vein and the dorsal branch of arteria radialis, for clinical hemodialysis 6 weeks later. Results Twenty - eight patients were all operated for first time, the instant pantency rate during the operation was 100%. 3 patients were operated again on standard side for vascular occlusion, and 2 patients for insufficient blood flow during hemodialysis 6 weeks later. 28 patients had the follow - up after operation from 2 months to 4 years. The fistula worked well with less complications, 1 year pantency is 75%. Conclusion The snuffbox AV fistula enlarges the puncture range,and preserves the proximal vessels. It can be the first choice of blood access for chronic hemodialysis patients who have good vessel condition.%目的 探讨血液透析鼻烟窝动静脉内瘘的制作方法、通畅率、并发症及临床应用效果.方法 2007年7月以来,对28例慢性肾功能衰竭者在腕关节以远的解剖"鼻烟窝"部建立动静脉内瘘,采用头静脉与桡动脉的背侧支端侧吻合,6周后用于临床血液透析.结果 28例均为首次行内瘘术,术中即刻通畅率100%.3例术后近期内因血管闭塞,2例因流量不足在腕部行标准动静脉内瘘术.28例患者得到术后随访,随访时间2月至4年.透析后1年通畅率为75%,使用良好,并发症少.结论 鼻烟窝动静脉内瘘扩大了可穿刺范围,保护了近端血管,可成为血管条件良好的长期血透患者的首选血液透析通路.

  6. [Endovascular repair of iliocaval arteriovenous fistula complicating lumbar disc surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Jemaa, H; Maalej, A; Lazzez, K; Jemal, H; Karray, S; Ben Mahfoudh, K

    2016-05-01

    Vascular complications of lumbar disc surgery are rare. Few cases have been reported. Arteriovenous fistulas are the most common. They are due to anatomical relationships between the last lumbar vertebrae, the corresponding discs, and the iliac vessels; degenerative lesions of the intervertebral discs facilitate instrumental vessel perforation, and operative difficulty. Computed tomography is particularly accurate for making the diagnosis. Treatment strategies consist in surgery or endovascular management. Percutaneous endovascular treatment using a stent-graft is a reasonable option for treating arteriovenous fistula. We describe the case of a 50-year-old patient who developed an iliocaval arteriovenous fistula following lumbar disc hernia surgery. The lesion was excluded by a stent-graft. The postoperative period was uneventful. PMID:26920402

  7. Operative considerations for rectovaginal fistulas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kevin; R; Kniery; Eric; K; Johnson; Scott; R; Steele

    2015-01-01

    To describe the etiology, anatomy and pathophysiology of rectovaginal fistulas(RVFs); and to describe a systematic surgical approach to help achieve optimal outcomes. A current review of the literature was performed to identify the most up-to-date techniques and outcomes for repair of RVFs. RVFs present a difficult problem that is frustrating for patients and surgeons alike. Multiple trips to the operating room are generally needed to resolve the fistula, and the recurrence rate approaches40% when considering all of the surgical options. At present, surgical options range from collagen plugs and endorectal advancement flaps to sphincter repairs or resection with colo-anal reconstruction. There are general principles that will allow the best chance for resolution of the fistula with the least morbidity to the patient. These principles include: resolving the sepsis, identifying the anatomy, starting with least invasive surgical options, and interposing healthy tissue for complex or recurrent fistulas.

  8. Pancreaticopleural Fistula: Revisited

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    Norman Oneil Machado

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pancreaticopleural fistula is a rare complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis. This usually presents with chest symptoms due to pleural effusion, pleural pseudocyst, or mediastinal pseudocyst. Diagnosis requires a high index of clinical suspicion in patients who develop alcohol-induced pancreatitis and present with pleural effusion which is recurrent or persistent. Analysis of pleural fluid for raised amylase will confirm the diagnosis and investigations like CT. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ECRP or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography (MRCP may establish the fistulous communication between the pancreas and pleural cavity. The optimal treatment strategy has traditionally been medical management with exocrine suppression with octreotide and ERCP stenting of the fistulous pancreatic duct. Operative therapy considered in the event patient fails to respond to conservative management. There is, however, a lack of clarity regarding the management, and the literature is reviewed here to assess the present view on its pathogenesis, investigations, and management.

  9. Usefulness assessment of preoperative MRI fistulography in patients with perianal fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accurate preoperative assessment of the perianal fistulous tract is the main purpose of the diagnostics and to a large extend determines surgery effectiveness. One of the useful diagnostic methods in perianal fistulas is magnetic resonance imaging. The authors presented experiences in the application of MRI fistulography for evaluation of cases of perianal fistulas difficult to diagnose and treat. Own examination method was described; MRI fistulography findings were analyzed and compared with intraoperative conditions in 14 patients (11 men and 3 women) diagnosed in the years 2005– 2009. Eight patients had recurrent fistulas and 6 had primary fistulas. Imaging was performed with a GE SIGNA LX HS scanner with a 1.5-Tesla field strength and a dedicated surface coil placed at the level of hip joints. Contrast agent was a gadolinium-based solution. Intraoperative findings were consistent with radiological descriptions of 13 MRI fistulographies. Only in one case, according to surgery findings, it was a transsphincteric fistula with an abscess in the ischioanal fossa, with an orifice in the posterior crypt; the radiologist described it as a transsphincteric, internal blind fistula. Due to its accuracy in the assessment of the perianal fistulous tracts in soft tissues, MRI fistulography becomes a useful and recommended diagnostic method in this pathology. It shows the location of the fistula regarding the system of anal sphincters, and identifies the internal orifice and branching of the fistula. It enables precise planning of surgical treatment. Authors suggest that this diagnostic method should be improved and applied more commonly

  10. Bile duct-duodenal fistula caused by AIDS/HIV-associated tuberculosis

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    Patino Carlos

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Allthough infrequent, digestive fistulae in HIV/AIDS patients have been reported throughout the digestive tract from the esophagus to the anus, with predominance of esophageal fistulae. AIDS/HIV-associated opportunistic infections may invade the digestive system and lead to fistula formation. Tuberculosis is the most common infection associated with these esophageal fistulae. We report here one case of bile duct-duodenal fistula in a female AIDS patient with associated abdominal Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection compromising lymphnodes of the hepatic pedicle where the fistula was found. According to the reviewed literature, this is the third case of bile duct-duodenal fistula associated with abdominal tuberculosis in AIDS patient, and the first where both the fistula and the tuberculosis infection were diagnosed at laparotomy for acute abdomen. Whether the AIDS patient with abdominal pain needs or not a laparotomy to treat an infectious disease is often a difficult matter for the surgeon to decide, as most of the times appropriate medical treatment will bring more benefit.

  11. Novel treatment of coronary artery fistulae concealing severe coronary artery lesion: using thrombus aspiration catheter as a delivery guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkmaz, Levent; Acar, Zeydin; Dursun, Ihsan; Akyüz, Ali Rıza; Korkmaz, Ayca Ata

    2014-03-01

    In this case report, we present the occlusion of multiple coronary artery fistulae originating from proximal left anterior descending (LAD) and right sinus valsavla and empting to the pulmonary artery at the same place. We occluded LAD fistulae by using thrombus aspiration catheter as a delivery guide. To the best of our knowlege, this is the first case of occlusion of coronary fistulae with the help of thrombus aspiration catheter. Our experience may suggest that thrombus aspiration catheters can be used in treating coronary artery fistulae with difficult anotomy. PMID:24748888

  12. Tratamento endovascular de fístula aortocaval pós-traumática tardia: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of late post-traumatic aorto-caval fistula: case report

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    Leonardo Pessoa Cavalcante

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available As fístulas aortocavais são entidades raras e de etiologia variada. Uma minoria é consequente a eventos pós-traumáticos. As manifestações clínicas, nesses casos, podem ser agudas ou tardias. As tardias manifestam-se dias, semanas ou anos após o trauma, principalmente como quadro de insuficiência cardíaca congestiva. O tratamento de tais fístulas pode ser realizado através do reparo direto por cirurgia aberta ou através da abordagem endovascular. Relatamos o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, de 53 anos que apresentou, 27 anos após um ferimento por arma branca abdominal, sinais importantes de insuficiência cardíaca congestiva, manifestada como palpitações e dispneia, fibrilação atrial paroxística, além de pressão arterial divergente e sopro em epigástrio. A angiotomografia confirmou o diagnóstico de fístula aortocaval e procedeu-se ao tratamento endovascular para o selamento da fístula. O paciente, segundo acompanhamento após três meses, apresentou evolução satisfatória, com melhora significante do quadro e controle adequado da insuficiência cardíaca congestiva.Aortocaval fistulas are rare entities with different etiologies. A minority of them are consequent to post-traumatic events. The clinic in these cases may be acute or delayed. The later manifest themselves days, weeks or years after the trauma mainly as congestive heart failure. Its treatment can be done by open surgery or endovascular approach. The present case it is a 53 year old man who presented, 27 years after a stab wound in the abdomen, important signs of congestive heart failure, manifested as palpitations and dyspnea, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, besides of dissenting blood pressure and bruit in the epigastrium. Angiotomography confirmed the diagnosis of aorto-caval fistula and proceeded to endovascular treatment for fistula repair. The patient, according with control after three months, showed a satisfactory outcome, with significant

  13. Splenic arteriovenous fistula and sudden onset of portal hypertension as complications of a ruptured splenic artery aneurysm: Successful treatment with transcatheter arterial embolization. A case study and review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dimitrios Siablis; Zafiria G Papathanassiou; Dimitrios Karnabatidis; Nikolaos Christeas; Konstantinos Katsanos; Constantine Vagianos

    2006-01-01

    Splenic arteriovenous fistula (SAVF) accounts for an unusual but well-documented treatable cause of portal hypertension[1-4]. A case of a 50-year-old multiparous female who developed suddenly portal hypertension due to SAVF formation is presented. The patient suffered from repeated episodes of haematemesis and melaena during the past twelve days and thus was emergently admitted to hospital for management. Clinical and laboratory investigations established the diagnosis of portal hypertension in the absence of liver parenchymal disease. Endoscopy revealed multiple esophageal bleeding varices. Abdominal computed tomography (CT)and transfemoral celiac arteriography documented the presence of a tortuous and aneurysmatic splenic artery and premature filling of an enlarged splenic vein, findings highly suggestive of an SAVF. The aforementioned vascular abnormality was successfully treated with percutaneous transcatheter embolization. Neither recurrence nor other complications were observed.

  14. Endoscopic Airway Evaluation in Congenital Tracheoesophageal Fistula

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    Bracci Paolo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The communication between the trachea and esophagus is called tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF. It can occurs as a congenital malformation (0.025-0.05% (in particular related to the esophageal atresia or can occurs as an acquired pathology. Endoscopic evaluation is the gold standard for the diagnosis of TEF and must be performed, in presence of symptoms such as choking, coughing, and cianosis at feeding. Materials and methods. The authors present 145 endoscopic airway evaluations, performed in 142 children for the suspected presence of TEF and for a diagnostic classification of esophageal atresia. The endoscopic airway procedure was performed with the rigid endoscopy technique, in general anesthesia and spontaneous ventilation, with topical anesthesia. Results. The use of the rigid endoscopy allows us to assure an open airway and assists operative management: in the presence of TEF the endoscopic procedure was infact diagnostic, and operative at surgery. The tracheobronchoscopic airway evaluation was able to identify the presence, the level and number of TEF in all patients, in order to classify the cases and plan the therapeutic strategy. Endoscopy showed the fovea of TEF in different positions, in the upper, medium and lower part of the trachea, in rare cases a double fistula or in some cases did not detect the presence of fistula. Discussion and Conclusions. The fovea located in the upper part of the trachea was always of small size, and difficult to diagnose, while the fovea located in the lower or medium part of the trachea was always of large size, and simple to identify. The identification of the precise anatomic position of the TEF guides the surgical planning but also permits to achieve the optimal ventilation and strategies to reduce potential complications during anesthesia.

  15. Repair of vesicovaginal fistula caused by radiation therapy with labia maiora skin flap

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    Stanojević Dušan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Vesicovaginal fistula can occur after delivery, gynaecologic or urologic surgery, irradiation therapy or as destruction caused by a tumour or trauma. The main problem after irradiation is decreased elasticity of the tissue around the fistula. We present our experience in the treatment of three patients with vesicovaginal fistula using a labia maiora skin flap. Case Outline From May 2007 to January 2008 three patients with vesicovaginal fistula were treated using labia maiora skin flap. The fistulae occurred after mean 19 months (11, 20 and 26 months following irradiation therapy applied to treat malignant disease. The mean age of the patients was 54 years (47, 53 and 62 years. The mean diameter of the fistulae was 3.5 cm (2, 4 and 4.5 cm. Using transvaginal approch, all devitalized and fibrous tissue was removed with the closure of the bladder wall. The labia maiora skin flap with good vascularization was transposed to close the defect and anastomozed to the vagina. The mean follow-up was 16 months (13, 17 and 18 months. Labia maiora skin flap size was mean 3.7 cm (2.6, 3.7 and 4.8 cm. We achieved satisfactory outcome in all patients. There were neither postoperative complications nor fistula recurrence. Conclusion Labia maiora skin flap presents a good alternative for surgical treatment of vesicovaginal fistula. The flap is more adequate for larger defects and for the repair of fibrously changed vaginal wall which is present after irradiation therapy. .

  16. Nutritional management of enterocutaneous fistula: a retrospective study at a Malaysian university medical center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badrasawi, Manal Mh; Shahar, Suzana; Sagap, Ismail

    2014-01-01

    Enterocutaneous fistula is a challenging clinical condition with serious complications and considerable morbidity and mortality. Early nutritional support has been found to decrease these complications and to improve the clinical outcome. Location of the fistula and physiological status affect the nutrition management plan in terms of feeding route, calories, and protein requirements. This study investigated the nutritional management procedures at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, and attempted to determine factors that affect the clinical outcome. Nutritional management was evaluated retrospectively in 22 patients with enterocutaneous fistula seen over a 5-year period. Medical records were reviewed to obtain data on nutritional status, biochemical indices, and route and tolerance of feeding. Calories and protein requirements are reported and categorized. The results show that surgery was the predominant etiology and low output fistula was the major physiological category; anatomically, the majority were ileocutaneous. The spontaneous healing rate was 14%, the total healing rate was 45%, and the mortality rate was 22%, with 14% due to fistula-associated complications. There was a significant relationship between body mass index/serum albumin levels and fistula healing; these parameters also had a significant relationship with mortality. Glutamine was used in 50% of cases; however, there was no significant relationship with fistula healing or mortality rate. The nutritional status of the patient has an important impact on the clinical outcome. Conservative management that includes nutrition support is very important in order to improve nutritional status before surgical repair of the fistula.

  17. Coblation-assisted closure of persistent tracheocutaneous fistulae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walner, David L; Mularczyk, Chris; Kakodkar, Kedar

    2016-06-01

    Persistent tracheocutaneous fistulae (PTCFs) are sequelae of long-term tracheostomy tube use, and while many procedures exist to correct this issue, several are invasive and incur risk to the patient. This case study discusses a minimally invasive approach to closure of small PFTFs with a coblator device that may reduce the risks associated with other closure procedures. We demonstrated successful tracheocutaneous fistulae closure after coblation in all 4 patients that the operation was performed. We believe this technique can be considered for patients under select circumstances and can be part of a surgeon's armamentarium for the treatment of small PTCFs.

  18. Endovascular exclusion of aortoesophageal fistula after coarctation extraanatomical bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Patrick O; Gemayel, Gino; Mugnai, Damiano; Murith, Nicolas; Kalangos, Afksendiyos

    2014-07-01

    Extraanatomical bypass has been advocated as the primary technique in adolescents or adults presenting with aortic coarctation. This approach carries significant morbidity, and graft-related complications may be more important in the young patient population. A 52-year-old man who had previously undergone extraanatomical bypass of aortic coarctation was diagnosed with a distal anastomotic pseudoaneurysm and aortoesophageal fistula. This was managed by proximal bypass plugging with an occluder, endovascular exclusion with a stent-graft in the thoracic descending aorta covering the pseudoaneurysm, and coarctation balloon dilation. Aortoesophageal fistula is a late complication observed after extraanatomical bypass for coarctation. This case illustrates this rare complication.

  19. Successful therapy of brachiocephalic arteriogastric fistula after esophagectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagai, Yohei; Watanabe, Masayuki; Ikeda, Osamu; Nakasone, Yutaka; Sakaguchi, Hisashi; Kunitomo, Ryuji; Yamashita, Yasuyuki; Baba, Hideo

    2011-10-01

    We report the case of an 86-year-old man, who had undergone subtotal esophagectomy and reconstruction with a gastric tube through the retrosternal route 7 years ago, who was referred for treatment of a brachiocephalic arteriogastric fistula. An emergency stent-graft placement was performed to prevent massive bleeding from the fistula. After 2 weeks, a follow-up esophagogastroscopy revealed that the gastric tube ulcer had been penetrated, and the stent graft was exposed. Therefore, surgical treatment was indicated. After a carotid-carotid arterial bypass graft was made, the brachiocephalic artery was resected with the stent graft and the gastric wall. The defect between the cervical esophagus and the remnant gastric tube was replaced by a free jejunal graft. The patient tolerated these procedures well and was transferred to the referral hospital 3 months after surgery. Therefore, both an early diagnosis and the administration of multidisciplinary treatment are essential to save patients presenting with an arterioenteric fistula.

  20. Vesical fistulae--an experience from a developing country.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raut V

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses patients with vesical fistulae presenting at a teaching, referral hospital over the last ten years. There were 62 cases of vesical fistulae of which 60 were obstetric in origin (44 home and 16 hospital deliveries and 2 were following gynaecological surgery. Of the hospital deliveries which culminated in fistula formation, 8 were vaginal and 7 forceps deliveries. In one patient, lower segment caesarean section was carried out. After a thorough urological work-up, patients were subjected to standard technique of layered closure (61 by vaginal approach and one by abdominal. Repair was successful in 53 (87.09% patients. Of the 9 failures, 4 were repeat repairs.

  1. Detection of occult colovesical fistula by the Bourne test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amendola, M A; Agha, F P; Dent, T L; Amendola, B E; Shirazi, K K

    1984-04-01

    The value of different diagnostic tests in the detection of colovesical fistulas was studied in 28 surgically proven cases seen during the last 10 years at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Etiologies were diverticulitis (19), Crohn disease (three), postradiation therapy (four), previous trauma (one), and bladder carcinoma (one). The fistulas were demonstrated by barium enema in 10 of 20 patients and by cystography in eight of 26. Cystoscopy was diagnostic in 11 of 25 patients and sigmoidoscopy in four of 24. Methylene blue test was positive in five of six patients, and in one patient given a charcoal enema the material appeared in the urine. The Bourne test, consisting of radiography of the centrifuged urine samples obtained immediately after a nondiagnostic barium enema, was positive in nine of 10 patients. In seven of these 10 patients, the Bourne test was the only positive evidence of an otherwise occult colovesical fistula later proven at surgery. PMID:6608228

  2. [Secondary aortoenteric fistula, multidisciplinary surgical management].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha E Sá, Diogo; De Andrade, J Rebelo; Roquete, Paulo; Pestana, Cristina; Cabral, Gonçalo; Tiago, José; Dinis da Gama, A

    2011-01-01

    The authors report the clinical case of a 77-year old man, who underwent the surgical treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurism 11 years before, admitted in the hospital emergency department complaining of abdominal pain and melena. Clinical and laboratorial findings, together with CT-scan and endoscopy data, lead to the diagnosis of secondary aortoenteric fistula. This is a rare clinical entity, coursing with high morbimortality levels of and is still one of the most controversial issues in vascular surgery. The successful surgical treatment of this patient is described and the solution of choice is discussed, as well as other alternative approaches. PMID:23610769

  3. Radiologic evaluation of postoperative gastropericardial fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey S. Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is the current standard surgical option for complicated GERD and symptomatic hiatal hernia. Though comparable in safety, short-term efficacy, and patient satisfaction when compared with open operation, laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication has demonstrated shorter hospital stays and recuperative times. Commonly reported complications include gastric or esophageal injury, splenic injury, pneumothorax, bleeding, pneumonia, fever, wound infections, and dysphagia. We present an unusual case of gastropericardial fistula that developed as a late complication of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication performed 4 years earlier.

  4. Idiopathic esophagopleural fistula in the newborn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iannaccone, G.; Cozzi, F.; Roggini, M.; Capocaccia, P.

    1982-07-01

    Idiopathic rupture of the esophagus in the neonate is a rare event, probably related to the same mechanism of ischemic necrosis responsible for other 'spontaneous' g.i. tract perforations in the newborn. The laceration is usually located on the right aspect of the distal esophagus and is complicated by esophagopleural fistula and hydropneumothorax. Plain chest film and esophagography are diagnostic. The condition is an emergency one and usually carries a bad prognosis without prompt surgical repair. A typical case is reported in a baby who survived without early surgery; a residual tiny blind pouch and a small hiatal hernia required surgery at 1 year of age.

  5. Appendico-cutaneous fistula 20 years after groin hernia repair with a polypropylene plug

    OpenAIRE

    Wijers, Olivier; Conijn, Anne; Wiese, Hans; Sjer, Mike

    2013-01-01

    The formation of an appendico-cutaneous fistula is rare. Few case reports have been published; most describe the formation of a fistula after appendicitis. Here we describe the case of a 79-year-old woman presenting with an appendico-cutaneous fistula after groin hernia repair. She was referred to our outpatient department with a painful mass in the right groin. An ultrasound showed a fluid containing mass. Incision and drainage was performed. After 9 weeks she was referred again with a persi...

  6. A complicated true sliding hernia presenting as a spontaneous enteroscrotal fistula in an adult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajamanickam Saravana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A 26-year-old man presented with an irreducible right inguino-scrotal swelling and fecal discharge from the scrotum. Exploratory laparotomy and inguinal exploration revealed that the caecum, appendix, and terminal ileum had herniated into the scrotum and had perforated through the skin forming a fecal fistula. The herniated gangrenous bowel was resected and a stoma fashioned. Spontaneous entero-scrotal fistulae are very rare and eight pediatric cases have been mentioned in literature till date. We report the first case of true sliding hernia presenting as spontaneous entero-scrotal fistula in an adult.

  7. [Epithelium and anal glands in rectal pouches and fistula. Histologic studies of swine with congenital anal atresia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambrecht, W; Kluth, D; Lierse, W

    1989-02-01

    The epithelial coating of the rectal pouch and fistula was studied morphologically in 33 newborn piglets with high and low forms of anal atresia and was found to be similar to the epithelial coating of the anal canal in normal piglets: the typical epithelium of the rectum changed its character into transitional epithelium at the region of the internal sphincter which surrounded the fistulae in all animals. In the caudal part of the fistula the transitional epithelium was followed by squamous epithelium. Only in male piglets with deformities and recto-urethral fistulae no squamous epithelium was found. In these cases transitional epithelium covered all parts of the fistula and the region of the internal sphincter. Anal glands were found in all animals, with or without anorectal malformations. They always invaded the internal sphincter. According to our morphological studies the fistula in anorectal malformations represents an ectopic anal canal.

  8. The role of proper treatment of maxillary sinusitis in the healing of persistent oroantral fistula

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    David B. Kamadjaja

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Oroantral communication (OAC is one of the possible complications after extraction of the upper teeth. If not identified and treated properly, a large OAC may develop into oroantral fistula (OAF which means that there is a permanent epithelium-lined communication between antrum and oral cavity. Such fistulas may cause ingress of microorganism from oral cavity into the antrum leading to maxillary sinusitis. Oroantral fistula usually persists if the infection in the maxillary antrum is not eliminated. Therefore, treatment of oroantral fistula should include management of maxillary sinusitis in which surgical closure of oroantral fistula should be done only when the sinusitis has been cured. Purpose: This case report emphasizes on the importance of proper management of maxillary sinusitis in the healing of oroantral fistula. Case: A case of an oroantral fistula following removal of upper left third molar is presented. As the maxillary sinusitis was not identified pre-operatively, two surgical procedures to close the fistula had ended up in dehiscence. Case management: The diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis was finally made and the sinusitis subsequently treated with combination of trans-alveolar sinus wash out, insertion of an acrylic splint, and two series of nasal and sinus physiotherapy procedures. The size of the defect decreased gradually during the treatment of the sinusitis and finally closed up without any further surgical intervention. Conclusion: This case report points out that it is important to detect intraoperatively an antral perforation after any surgery of the maxillary teeth and to close any oroantral communication as early as possible and that it is important to treat properly any pre-existing maxillary sinusitis before any surgical method is done to close the fistula.

  9. Recurrent incisional hernia, enterocutaneous fistula and loss of the substance of the abdominal wall: plastic with organic prosthesis, skin graft and VAC therapy. Clinical case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicodemi, Sara; Corelli, Sergio; Sacchi, Marco; Ricciardi, Edoardo; Costantino, Annarita; Di Legge, Pietro; Ceci, Francesco; Cipriani, Benedetta; Martellucci, Annunziata; Santilli, Mario; Orsini, Silvia; Tudisco, Antonella; Stagnitti, Franco

    2015-01-01

    Surgical wounds dehiscence is a serious post-operatory complication, with an incidence between 0.4% and 3.5%. Mortality is more than 45%. Complex wounds treatment may require a multidisciplinary management. VAC Therapy could be an alternative treatment regarding complex wound. VAC therapy has been recently introduced on skin's graft tissue management reducing skin graft rejection. The use of biological prosthesis has been tested in a contaminated field, better than synthetic meshes, which often need to be removed. The Permacol is more resistant to degradation by proteases due to its cross-links. Surgery is still considered the best treatment for digestive fistula. A 58 years old obese woman come to our attention, she was operated for an abdominal hernia. She had a post-operatory entero-cutaneous fistula. She was submitted to bowel resection, the anastomosis has been tailored and the hernia of the abdominal wall has been repaired with biological mesh for managing such condition. She had a wound dehiscence with loss of substance and the exposure of the biological prosthesis, nearly 20 cm diameter. She was treated first with antibiotic therapy and simple medications. In addiction, antibiotic therapy was necessary late associated to 7 months with advanced medications allowed a small reduction's defect. Because of its, treatment went on for two more months using VAC therapy. Antibiotic's therapy was finally suspended. The VAC therapy allowed the reduction of the gap, between skin and subcutaneous tissue, and the defect's size preparing a suitable ground for the skin graft. The graft, managed with the vac therapy, was necessary to complete the healing process. PMID:25953007

  10. Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula with Unilateral Pulmonary Agenesis - Hypoplasia

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    Katragadda Laxmi Narsimha Rao

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Association of unilateral severe pulmonary hypoplasia or agenesis and esophageal atresia (EA with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF is an exceedingly rare and highly lethal combination. We report a case of full term male baby who had EA with TEF and right lung hypoplasia, managed at our centre. He is alive and doing well at 10 years of age.

  11. Giant aneurysm in a left coronary artery fistula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frestad, Daria; Helqvist, Steffen; Helvind, Morten;

    2013-01-01

    Congenital coronary artery fistula complicated with giant coronary artery aneurysm is a very rare condition. In this case report, we present a 65-year-old woman, referred to us with a continuous heart murmur, occasional atypical chest pain and few episodes of fainting. A giant aneurysm and a coro...

  12. Usefulness of magnetic resonance in the evaluation of perianal fistulas; Utilidad de la resonancia magnetica en la valoracion de las fistulas perianales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campo, M.; Isusi, M.; Oleaga, L.; Grande, D. [Hospital de Basurto. Bilbao (Spain); Fernandez, G.; Tardaguila, F. [Clinica POVISA. Vigo (Spain)

    2003-07-01

    Our aim was to confirm the usefulness of magnetic resonance in the evaluation of perianal fistulas, and in conjunction with a thought anatomical review of affected areas. This would allow for the building of a proper surgical plan, which would necessarily differ according to the fistula's complexity. We studied 75 patients with perianal fistulas and performed 81 MR studies by means of axial, sagittal and coronal T1 and T2 sequences. Fistula type, degree, etiology and correlation to surgical findings were all studied. Fifty-five patients underwent surgical treatment, and 26 underwent a more conservative treatment with MR follow-up. Ninety-nine fistulas were observed and classified according to norms set down by St. James University Hospital. Of the 55 cases submitted to surgery, 46 showed concordance between the surgical report and MR, whose sensitivity was 84%. In 9 patients, there was no correlation. In the study of perianal fistulas, it is important to establish both the fistulous tract and relationship to the sphincter complex. MR permits an identification of the sprinter complex and a more precise anatomical localization of the fistulous trajectory. It is also capable of differentiating between fibrosis and abscess. Therefore, MR is an appropriate technique for the study of perianal fistulas and related surgical planning. (Author) 6 refs.

  13. CLINICAL STUDY OF FISTULA IN ANO

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    Raj

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Fistula in Ano is a benign treatable lesion of the rectum and the anal canal. Cryptoglandular infection accounts for about 90% of these cases. Majority of the infections are Acute and a minority contributed by chronic low grade infection hence pointing to varying etiologies. The pathogenesis has been attributed to the bursting open of an acute or inadequately treated Anorectal abscess into the peri anal skin. Diagnosis of the condition can be made easily with a good source of light, a proctoscope and a meticulous digital examination. Establishing a cure in this condition is difficult owing to two reasons. Firstly, the site of the infection makes the patient reluctant to subject themselves to examination. Secondly, a significant percent of these diseases persist or recur when appropriate surgery is not done or when the post op care is inadequate. Mostly it affects the young and the middle age group thus affecting productive man hours and quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases of clinically diagnosed Fistulae-in-ano above the age of 12 years, admitted in various surgical units in K.R. Hospital (attached to Government Medical College, Mysore during the study period December 1, 2008 to May 31, 2010. REUSLTS: Age Incidence, Sex Incidence, Socio Economic Status, Modes of Presentation, No. of External Openings, Situation of External Openings, Level of Fistulae, Type of surgical treatment, Associated with Fissure in Ano, Postoperative complication and Results were studied. CONCLUSION: Commonest age of presentation in our series is 30-40 years – 40%. Males are more commonly affected. Ratio Male: Female::3:1, Disease is more commonly seen in people with lower socio economic status group. 80% High socio economic class 20%. Discharging sinus is the commonest mode of presentation 72% and pain 72% and 84% pass history of perianal abscess was the presenting symptoms.

  14. (Editor GUO Jian-xiu)Application of interventional diagnostic and therapeutic technique for coronary artery fine branch fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI Yue-yong; ZOU Li-guang; HUANG Lan; WANG Wen-xian; SUN Qing-rong; XIAO Ying-bin

    2005-01-01

    Objective:To explore the value of angiographic diagnosis and interventional therapy of the coronary artery fine branch fistula.Methods:All of the 18 patients with coronary artery fine branch fistula underwent selective coronary arteriography,7 underwent interventional therapy, while 8 underwent prosthesis for coronary artery fistula (CAF) under extracorpored circulation. Results:Among 18 cases of coronary artery fine branch fistula, 7 happened in right coronary artery (38.9%), 11 in left coronary artery (61.1%). Among the 11 cases in left coronary artery,5 happened in descending anterior branch, 5 occurred in left circumflex branch, 1 arised from both left anterior branch and left circumflex branch. Among the 18 cases, there are 10 cases of coronary-to-pulmonary artery fistula (55.6%), 5 cases of fistula draining into right atrium (27.8%), 2 cases of fistula draining into left atrium (11.1%) and 1 draining into right ventricle (5.6%). Interventional treatment was successful in 7 patients. During the 12 months' follow-up, there was no cardiovascular events. Conclusion:Selective coronary angiography is the first choice for diagnosing the coronary artery fine branch fistula. In respect of therapy, besides of surgical treatment, intervention is still a rather good measure presently.

  15. A Rare Complication of Composite Dual Mesh: Migration and Enterocutaneous Fistula Formation

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    Ozgur Bostanci

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Mesh is commonly employed for abdominal hernia repair because it ensures a low recurrence rate. However, enterocutaneous fistula due to mesh migration can occur as a very rare, late complication, for which diagnosis is very difficult. Presentation of Case. Here we report the case of an enterocutaneous fistula due to late mesh migration in a mentally retarded, diabetic, 35-year-old male after umbilical hernia repair with composite dual mesh in 2010. Discussion. Mesh is a foreign substance, because of that some of the complications including hematoma, seroma, foreign body reaction, organ damage, infection, mesh rejection, and fistula formation may occur after implantation of the mesh. In the literature, most cases of mesh-associated enterocutaneous fistula due to migration involved polypropylene meshes. Conclusion. This case serves as a reminder of migration of composite dual meshes.

  16. A simple novel technique for enteroatmospheric fistulae: silicone fistula plug.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, M Tahir; Sinan, Hüseyin; Zeybek, Nazif; Peker, Yusuf

    2014-06-01

    Enteroatmospheric fistulae (EAFs), a rare condition that develops in patients treated with an open abdomen, present serious problems for the surgeon. There are no fixed algorithms for treatment of EAF, and treatment options are determined based on the experience of the surgeon and status of the patient. We developed a 'suspended silicone fistula plug' for treating a patient who developed an EAF after undergoing multiple operations in a short period of time. Used in conjunction with negative pressure wound therapy, application of this novel therapy resulted in EAF closure and patient discharge.

  17. Pharyngocutaneous fistula after total laryngectomy: A single-institution experience, 2001–2012☆,☆☆

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, Eleni M.; Hirata, Richard M.; Thompson, Carol B.; Ha, Patrick K.; Fakhry, Carole; Saunders, John R.; Califano, Joseph A.; Arnaoutakis, Demetri; Levine, Marshall; Tang, Mei; Neuner, Geoffrey; Messing, Barbara P.; Blanco, Ray G.F.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of and risk factors for pharyngocutaneous fistula in patients undergoing total laryngectomy at a single institution. Materials and methods The records of 59 patients undergoing primary or salvage total laryngectomy at our institution from 2001 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Data collected included patient, tumor and treatment characteristics, and surgical technique. Risk factors were analyzed for association with pharyngocutaneous fistula formation. Results Twenty patients (34%) developed fistulas. Preoperative tracheostomy (OR 4.1; 95% CI 1.3–13 [p = 0.02]) and low postoperative hemoglobin (OR 9.1; 95% CI 1.1–78 [p = 0.04]) were associated with fistula development. Regarding surgical technique, primary sutured closure of the total laryngectomy defect had the lowest fistula rate (11%). In comparison, primary stapled closure and pectoralis onlay flap over primary closure had nonsignificantly increased fistula rates (43%, OR 6.0; 95% CI 1.0–37.3 [p = 0.06] and 25%, OR 2.7; 95% CI 0.4–23.9 [p = 0.38], respectively). Pectoralis flap incorporated into the suture line had a significantly increased fistula rate (50%, OR 7.1; 95% CI 1.4–46 [p = 0.02]). After stratification for salvage status, patient comorbidities were associated with fistula in non-salvage cases whereas disease-related characteristics were associated with fistula in salvage cases. Fistula development was associated with increased length of hospital stay (p < 0.001) and increased time before oral diet initiation (p < 0.001). Conclusions Pharyngocutaneous fistula is a common complication of total laryngectomy. Preoperative tracheostomy, postoperative hemoglobin, and surgical technique are important in determining the risk of fistula. PMID:25245411

  18. Multiple coronary-cameral fistulas to the left ventricle arising from both coronary arteries

    OpenAIRE

    Pathak, Ranjan; Giri, Smith; Hwang, Inyong; Alsafwah, Shadwan

    2016-01-01

    Coronary-cameral fistula (CCF) is an anomalous connection between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or major vessel, seen in about 0.8% of the cases undergoing coronary angiography. Most patients are asymptomatic and diagnosis is made incidentally during coronary angiography. We present an image case of CCF which was found incidentally during pre-liver transplantation work up.Keywords: coronary cameral fistula; coronary angiography; Management(Published: 6 July 2016)Citation: Journal of...

  19. Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the bile duct with gastric and duodenal fistulas

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, Man Yong; Yu, Dong Wook; Hong, Seung Goun

    2014-01-01

    Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the bile duct is still rare and not yet understood despite of its increased incidence and similar clinicopathologic characteristics compared with IPMN of the pancreas. The fistula formation into other organs can occur in IPMN, especially the pancreatic type. To our knowledge, only two cases of IPMN of the bile duct with a choledochoduodenal fistula were reported and we have recently experienced a case of IPMN of the bile duct penetrating into ...

  20. A Rectourethral Fistula due to Transrectal High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Treatment: Diagnosis and Management

    OpenAIRE

    Valeria Fiaschetti; Guglielmo Manenti; Isabelle Di Poce; Maria Fornari; Aurora Ricci; Enrico Finazzi Agrò; Giovanni Simonetti

    2012-01-01

    Colovesical fistula (CVF) is an abnormal connection between the enteric and the urinary systems. The rectourethral fistula (RUF) is a possible but extremely rare complication of treatment of prostate cancer with “transrectal High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) treatment.” We present a case of CVF due to HIFU treatment of recurrent prostate cancer. The case was assessed with cystography completed with a pelvic CT scan—with MPR, MIP, and VR reconstruction—before emptying the bladder. Since...

  1. Diagnosis and Surgical Management of Uroenteric Fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Harcharan S

    2016-06-01

    Uroenteric fistulae can occur between any part of the urinary tract and the small and large bowel. Classification is generally based on the organ of origin in the urinary tract and the termination of the fistula in the segment of the gastrointestinal tract. Surgery is often necessary. Congenital fistulae are rare, with most being acquired. Uroenteric fistulae most frequently occur in a setting of inflammatory bowel disease. Imaging often helps in the diagnosis. Management of urinary fistulae includes adequate nutrition, diversion of the urinary tract, diversion of the gastrointestinal tract, treatment of underling inflammatory process or malignancy, and surgery. PMID:27261796

  2. MRI of congenital urethroperineal fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghadimi-Mahani, Maryam; Dillman, Jonathan R.; Pai, Deepa; DiPietro, Michael [C. S. Mott Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Section of Pediatric Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Park, John [C. S. Mott Children' s Hospital, Department of Pediatric Urology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    2010-12-15

    We present the MRI features of a congenital urethroperineal fistula diagnosed in a 12-year-old boy being evaluated after a single urinary tract infection. This diagnosis was initially suggested by voiding cystourethrogram and confirmed by MRI. Imaging revealed an abnormal fluid-filled tract arising from the posterior urethra and tracking to the perineal skin surface that increased in size during micturition. Surgical resection and histopathological evaluation of the abnormal tract confirmed the diagnosis of congenital urethroperineal fistula. MRI played important roles in confirming the diagnosis and assisting surgical planning. (orig.)

  3. Laparoscopic repair for vesicouterine fistulae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael A. Maioli

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of this video is to present the laparoscopic repair of a VUF in a 42-year-old woman, with gross hematuria, in the immediate postoperative phase following a cesarean delivery. The obstetric team implemented conservative management, including Foley catheter insertion, for 2 weeks. She subsequently developed intermittent hematuria and cystitis. The urology team was consulted 15 days after cesarean delivery. Cystoscopy indicated an ulcerated lesion in the bladder dome of approximately 1.0cm in size. Hysterosalpingography and a pelvic computed tomography scan indicated a fistula. Materials and Methods: Laparoscopic repair was performed 30 days after the cesarean delivery. The patient was placed in the lithotomy position while also in an extreme Trendelenburg position. Pneumoperitoneum was established using a Veress needle in the midline infra-umbilical region, and a primary 11-mm port was inserted. Another 11-mm port was inserted exactly between the left superior iliac spine and the umbilicus. Two other 5-mm ports were established under laparoscopic guidance in the iliac fossa on both sides. The omental adhesions in the pelvis were carefully released and the peritoneum between the bladder and uterus was incised via cautery. Limited cystotomy was performed, and the specific sites of the fistula and the ureteral meatus were identified; thereafter, the posterior bladder wall was adequately mobilized away from the uterus. The uterine rent was then closed using single 3/0Vicryl sutures and two-layer watertight closure of the urinary bladder was achieved by using 3/0Vicryl sutures. An omental flap was mobilized and inserted between the uterus and the urinary bladder, and was fixed using two 3/0Vicryl sutures, followed by tube drain insertion. Results: The operative time was 140 min, whereas the blood loss was 100ml. The patient was discharged 3 days after surgery, and the catheter was removed 12 days after surgery

  4. Fístula arteriovenosa del labio inferior: Presentación de un caso Arteriovenous fistula of the lower lip: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Estrada Sarmiento

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del trabajo es exponer nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento quirúrgico de una fístula arteriovenosa del labio inferior de una paciente de 15 años de edad, producida por un mordisco. La paciente fue diagnosticada en su inicio como un hemangioma traumático, el cual fue tratado con esteroides y exéresis quirúrgica. A los 4 años apareció con una tumoración más voluminosa, se realizó disección de la carótida externa y arteriografía carotídea la cual diagnóstico fístula arteriovenosa, se realizó ligadura de la facial y de los vasos venosos, para aislarla de la circulación. Se inyectaron 4 cc de betametazona en la tumoración, posteriormente se inyectaron 4 inyecciones adicionales con intervalos e 3 semanas, a los tres meses de la ligadura de los vasos sé realizo la exéresis de la fibrosis de la tumoración. En estos momentos la paciente tiene 5 años desde la última intervención, no presentando recidiva. Se destaca la importancia del estudio angiográfico para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta entidad patológica, que es poco frecuente.The object of this work is to present our experience in the surgical management of an arteriovenous fistula in the lower lip of a fifteen year-old patient as a result of a bite. The patient was diagnosed initially as having a trauma-induced hemangioma, which was treated with steroid and surgical exeresis. Four years later, a larger tumor appeared. The external carotid artery was dissected and an arteriography of the carotid was carried out that gave the diagnosis of arteriovenous fistula. Ligation was carried out of the facial artery and of the venous vessels for isolation from the circulation. Four injections were given with 4cc of betamethasone into the mass. Later 4 additional injections were given with intervals of 3 weeks. Four months after the ligation of the vessels, the fibrous mass was excised. Five years have now passed since the last intervention and there has been no

  5. Aortocavitary fistula as a complication of infective endocarditis and subsequent complete heart block in a patient with severe anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose N. Galeas

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Infective endocarditis has different presentations depending on the involvement of valvular and perivalvular structures, and it is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Aortocavitary fistula is a rare complication. We introduce the case of a 48-year-old female with native valve endocarditis, complicated by aortocavitary fistula to the right atrium, and consequently presented with syncope.

  6. Três casos de hipertensão e Fístula Arteriovenosa Renal: com uma fístula de novo Tres casos de hipertención y Fístula Arteriovenosa Renal: con una fístula de novo Three cases of hypertension and Renal Arteriovenous fistula with a de novo fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Correa Vieira Melo

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Fístula Arteriovenosa Renal (FAVR é uma causa rara e potencialmente reversível de hipertensão e insuficiência renal e/ou cardíaca. O tratamento da FAVR visa preservar o máximo de parênquima renal e, concomitantemente, erradicar os sintomas e efeitos hemodinâmicos decorrentes da FAVR. No presente estudo, serão relatados três casos de FAVR, incluindo um caso de FAVR idiopática de novo, que se apresentaram com hipertensão e insuficiência renal e/ou cardíaca, e descrever a terapêutica adotada e os resultados obtidos.La Fístula Arteriovenosa Renal (FAVR es una causa rara y potencialmente reversible de hipertensión e insuficiencia renal y/o cardíaca. El tratamiento de la FAVR busca preservar el máximo de parénquima renal y, concomitantemente, erradicar los síntomas y efectos hemodinámicos resultantes de la FAVR. En el presente estudio, se relatarán tres casos de FAVR, incluyendo un caso de FAVR idiopática de novo, que se presentaron con hipertensión e insuficiencia renal y/o cardíaca, y describir la terapéutica adoptada y los resultados obtenidos.The Renal Arteriovenous Fistula (RAVF is a rare and potentially reversible cause of hypertension and kidney and/or heart failure. The treatment of RAVF aims at preserving the most of the renal parenchyma and, concomitantly, eradicating the symptoms and hemodynamic effects caused by the RAVF. The present study reports three cases of RAVF, including one case of a de novo idiopathic RAVF, which presented with hypertension and kidney and/or heart failure and describes the therapeutic measures used to treat these patients as well as the outcomes.

  7. Ureteroiliac Artery Fistula in a Young Woman with Short Bowel Syndrome for Radiation Enteritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Santarpia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ureteral-iliac artery fistula is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication, typically occurring after radiation therapy in already surgically treated cancer patients. This case report describes the diagnostic challenges and the successful management, with the positioning of an intra-arterial prosthesis, of a fistula between the internal iliac artery and the left ureter presenting as massive hematuria in a young woman with history of total colectomy and pelvic radiotherapy for rectal cancer and subsequent wide ileal resections and bilateral ureteral stent positioning for radiation enteritis. Ureteroiliac artery fistulas require a prompt diagnosis and intervention, to avoid life threatening clinical events.

  8. Worsening angle closure glaucoma and choroidal detachments subsequent to closure of a carotid cavernous fistula

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    Thinda Sumeer

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Carotid cavernous fistulas are abnormal communications between the cavernous sinus and the external or internal carotid arteries. Although rare, closure of carotid cavernous fistulas can lead to immediate ocular complications. To our knowledge, our case represents the first report of worsening angle closure glaucoma and choroidal detachments over an extended period of two months subsequent to closure of a carotid cavernous fistula. Case presentation A 70-year-old female with a history of primary angle closure glaucoma presented with 4 mm of proptosis, resistance to retropulsion, tortuous corkscrew blood vessels and an orbital bruit of the right eye. Diagnostic cerebral angiogram showed a small indirect Barrow type D right carotid cavernous fistula. Transarterial embolization was planned but repeat cerebral angiography prior to the procedure demonstrated spontaneous partial closure of the carotid cavernous fistula and the procedure was aborted. One month later, our patient was noted to have worsening vision and choroidal detachments of the right eye. She declined further testing and was thus started on self-administered manual carotid jugular compressions. One month later, she developed progressive worsening of her choroidal detachments and angle closure. She eventually opted for surgical intervention but repeat cerebral angiography showed significant thrombosis of the carotid cavernous fistula and no intervention was warranted. Examination two months later showed complete resolution of the choroidal detachments and open angles of both eyes. Conclusions Our patient demonstrated worsening angle closure glaucoma and choroidal detachments after spontaneous closure of her carotid cavernous fistula had been noted. Ocular complications, including acute angle closure, have been reported to occur immediately after closure of carotid cavernous fistulas, but not over months as in our patient. It is imperative that individuals who have

  9. Fístula Arteriovenosa após Nefrectomia Radical: A Propósito de um Caso Clínico Arteriovenous fistula after Radical Nephrectomy:: a case report

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    Nádia Duarte

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Existem três tipos diferentes de fístulas arteriovenosas (FAV renais, as congénitas, as idiopáticas e as adquiridas, sendo as últimas as mais frequentes. Dentro destas, as resultantes da nefrectomia são uma raridade. A FAV entre a artéria renal e a veia cava inferior (VCI é uma complicação rara após nefrectomia, estando descritos cerca de 10 casos na literatura. Os autores descrevem um caso de um homem de 51 anos, insuficiente renal crónico (IRC em hemodiálise, enviado à consulta de Urologia por nódulo sólido do rim direito sugestivo de neoplasia, detectado em ressonância magnética (RMN. Foi submetido a nefrectomia radical direita, tendo sido efectuada laqueação conjunta do pedículo renal, sem intercorrências cirúrgicas. Quatro meses depois, inicia clínica de sobrecarga hídrica, de difícil controlo com a hemodiálise e surge um sopro abdominal localizado no flanco direito, contínuo. O estudo por eco-doppler abdominal e angiografia demonstrou a presença de fístula entre a artéria renal e a veia cava inferior. Foi submetido a embolização da FAV com coils, tendo-se registado migração dos mesmos para a artéria pulmonar. A sua recolha foi efectuada imediatamente com basket, sem outras intercorrências. Posteriormente, foi submetido a laparotomia com laqueação simples da artéria renal justa-aórtica, com resolução e estabilização do quadro clínico. A propósito deste caso clínico os autores discutem a abordagem diagnóstica e a hierarquia terapêutica da FAV reno-VCI nomeadamente na cirurgia directa e endovascular.There are three different types of renal arteriovenous fistula (AVF, congenital, idiopathic and acquired, being the latter the most frequent. Within these, those resulting from nephrectomy are rare. The AVF between the renal artery and the inferior vena cava (IVC is a rare complication, with about 10 cases described in literature. The authors describe the case of a 51 year old man, with chronic

  10. PENUTUPAN FISTULA CELAH LANGITAN MEMAKAI PLAT PROTESA AKRILIK LEPASAN PADA ANAK (Laporan Kasus

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    Sjahril Noerdin

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Fistula cleft palate is an abnormal opening from the mouth to the nose (via the palate, where a part of the cleft palate did not heal properly after a surgical treatment. Fistula cleft palate in children is categorized as a psychic problem because of the abnormal appearance and problems to the mouth organ for eating, speech, and hearing. Providing optimal rehabilitation of closing the fistula cleft palate is not easy to achieve and requires a team-work of different experienced specialists. A child of three years with a fistula cleft palate came to the Dental Faculty's clnic with a poor gingival state, a high rate of caries on the deciduous teeth (destroyed and missing. The dental rehabilitation treatment would be to cover the fistula. The closing of the fistula with a removable acrylic protheses as obturator is to establish a normal arch-form, improved and redirected growth of the maxilla, so that the growth and development will be normally active with the feeding and speech development improved. The purpose of this case presentation was to overcome the difficulties in treating the teeth of children with fistula cleft palate.

  11. Management of Postpneumonectomy Bronchopleural Fistulae

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    Kemal Karapinar

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Postpneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula (PPBPF is a hard-to-treat complication that may develop after pneumonectomy. It follows a persistent course. Although there is no commonly adopted method, closure of the fistula with flaps is the general principle. The use of the omental flap may provide higher success rates in the treatment. Material and Method: PPBPF developed in 12 out of 162 pneumonectomies performed at the department of thoracic surgery between 2011 and 2014. The demographic characteristics, fistula management strategies, morbidity, and mortalities were retrospectively studied by analysis of operative reports and a digital database. Results: The rate of PPBPF was 7.4%. The bronchopleural fistulae could be closed by various treatments in 10 patients; omentopexy constituted the basis of treatment in 8 of them. In the other patients with successful results, resuturing with staplers and vacuum assisted closure were performed during the early period. One of the patients who failed treatment died due to ARDS; therefore, it was not possible to apply all the treatment alternatives. In the other patient, despite the use of all treatment alternatives (eloesser flap, tracheal stent, omentopexy, thoracomyoplasty, vacuum assisted closure, the treatment failed. Discussion: PPBPF is one of the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality in thoracic surgery units. Because its treatment may be long, a good plan and its execution by experienced units are necessary. The omental flap is increasingly popular due to good perfusion. We believe that omentopexy and j type tracheal stent performed by experienced teams will provide successful results in fistula treatment.

  12. A Rectourethral Fistula due to Transrectal High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Treatment: Diagnosis and Management

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    Valeria Fiaschetti

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Colovesical fistula (CVF is an abnormal connection between the enteric and the urinary systems. The rectourethral fistula (RUF is a possible but extremely rare complication of treatment of prostate cancer with “transrectal High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU treatment.” We present a case of CVF due to HIFU treatment of recurrent prostate cancer. The case was assessed with cystography completed with a pelvic CT scan—with MPR, MIP, and VR reconstruction—before emptying the bladder. Since the CT scan confirmed that the fistula involved solely the urethra and excluded even a minimal involvement of the bladder, it was possible to employ a conservative treatment by positioning a Foley catheter of monthly duration, in order to allow the urethra to rest. Still today, after 6 months, the patient is in a good clinical condition and has not shown yet signs of a recurrence of the fistula.

  13. Subclavian vein angioplasty during arteriovenous fistula surgery: case report and literature review Angioplastia de veia subclávia no intraoperatório de fístula arteriovenosa: relato de caso e revisão de literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinícius Martins Cury

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Patients with chronic kidney disease stage 5 are generally treated by hemodialysis, preferentially performed via an arteriovenous fistula (AVF. We report the case of a 58-year-old male patient with diabetes mellitus, hypertension and end-stage renal disease in whom hemodialysis was conducted via a long-term catheter. His medical record described numerous central venous cannulations and several AVF creations. The patient developed subclinical subclavian stenosis that required creation of a new vascular access route. The purpose of this case report is to describe treatment of subclavian vein stenosis during AVF creation.Pacientes portadores de Insuficiência Renal Crônica (IRC estágio V são geralmente tratados por hemodiálise (HD, preferencialmente por fístula arteriovenosa (FAV. Descrevemos um relato de caso de um paciente de 58 anos, masculino, portador de diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial sistêmica e IRC terminal. Seus antecedentes demonstram múltiplos acessos para implante de cateter de hemodiálise, assim como tentativas prévias de realização de FAV. Esse paciente desenvolveu estenose subclínica da veia subclávia, limitando a HD pelo membro superior. O propósito deste relato foi descrever o tratamento endovascular de estenose de veia subclávia, concomitante à realização de uma nova FAV.

  14. Inoperable aggressive mesenteric fibromatosis with ureteric fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of our report is to illustrate an aggressive case of mesenteric fibromatosis in a 17-year-old girl with a ureteric fistula and to review imaging and pathological features, natural history and treatment options of this disease. Our patient underwent computed tomography that revealed a widespread intra-abdominal mass. The necrotic centre of this mass had a fistulous communication with the right ureter. Fibromatoses represent a spectrum of uncommon benign conditions characterised by proliferating fibrous tissue. The deep intra-abdominal form of mesenteric fibromatosis (MF), one of the rare subtypes of the 'fibromatoses' or 'desmoid tumours', grows rapidly and may become extensive. Surgery provides good results in limited disease and non-surgical modalities in cases of unresectable and residual disease

  15. Spontaneous gastrojejunal fistula is a complication of gastric ulcer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    (D)or(d)e M (C)ulafi(c); Olivera D Mateji(c); Vladimir S (D)uki(c); Miodrag D Vuk(c)evi(c); Mirko D Kerkez

    2007-01-01

    Spontaneous gastrojejunal fistula formation is an extremely rare complication of gastric ulcer disease. We report a 77-year old woman who presented with diffuse abdominal pain, weight loss, malaise, nausea, and occasional dark stools. Laboratory tests showed extreme hyposideremic anemia with inflammatory syndrome. In addition, biochemical parameters of malnourishment were presented. Upper endoscopy revealed the patent esophagus along the full length without any pathological changes. Large and deep ulceration with perforation in the small intestine was detected in the posterior gastric wall. The small intestine loop was reached by endoscope through spontaneously developed gastrojejunal fistula.Polytopic biopsies of described ulcerative change were carried out. Histopathologically reepithelialized ulcerous zone was seen in the gastric mucosa. Also,gastrojejunal fistula was visualized after wide opening of hepatogastric and gastrocolic ligament. Jejunal loop 25cm from ligament of Treitz was attached to mesocolon and posterior gastric wall because of ulcer penetration.Postoperative course was uneventful. Per oral intake started on the 4th postoperative day, and the patient was discharged on the 8th postoperative day. In summary,this case indicates that persistent symptoms of peptic ulcer disease associated with nutritional disturbances may be caused by gastrojejunal fistula.

  16. Spontaneous gastrojejunal fistula is a complication of gastric ulcer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culafić, Dorde-M; Matejić, Olivera-D; Dukić, Vladimir-S; Vukcević, Miodrag-D; Kerkez, Mirko-D

    2007-01-21

    Spontaneous gastrojejunal fistula formation is an extremely rare complication of gastric ulcer disease. We report a 77-year old woman who presented with diffuse abdominal pain, weight loss, malaise, nausea, and occasional dark stools. Laboratory tests showed extreme hyposideremic anemia with inflammatory syndrome. In addition, biochemical parameters of malnourishment were presented. Upper endoscopy revealed the patent esophagus along the full length without any pathological changes. Large and deep ulceration with perforation in the small intestine was detected in the posterior gastric wall. The small intestine loop was reached by endoscope through spontaneously developed gastrojejunal fistula. Polytopic biopsies of described ulcerative change were carried out. Histopathologically reepithelialized ulcerous zone was seen in the gastric mucosa. Also, gastrojejunal fistula was visualized after wide opening of hepatogastric and gastrocolic ligament. Jejunal loop 25 cm from ligament of Treitz was attached to mesocolon and posterior gastric wall because of ulcer penetration. Postoperative course was uneventful. Per oral intake started on the 4(th) postoperative day, and the patient was discharged on the 8(th) postoperative day. In summary, this case indicates that persistent symptoms of peptic ulcer disease associated with nutritional disturbances may be caused by gastrojejunal fistula.

  17. Transanal approach in repairing acquired rectovestibular fistula in females

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ya-Jun Chen; Ting-Chong Zhang; Jin-Zhe Zhang

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To summarize the operative experience of the transanal approach in acquired rectovestibular fistula repair.METHODS: Ninety-six cases of acquired rectovestibular fistula in young females were analyzed retrospectively. The etiology and operative procedure were discussed. Operative essential points were, the patient was laid in prone frog position, with the knees and hips flexed at 90°; the perineum was elevated; and the anal opening was exposed. Four stay sutures were applied to the margin of the fistular orifice in the anal opening at points 3, 6, 9 and 12 o'clock.A circular incision of mucosa surrounding the stay sutures was made. The fistula was dissected from its anal opening to its vestibular opening. The wound of vestibule was sutured,and the rectoanal wound was then sutured transversely.RESULTS: All the 96 patients recovered uneventfully from operation with a successful rate of 93.75%.CONCLUSION: The transanal approach in the treatment of the acquired rectovestibular fistula is a simple and feasible technique.

  18. 容易误诊漏诊的硬脑膜动静脉瘘9例分析%Dural arteriovenous fistula with easily inaccurate or missed diagnosis: analysis of 9 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖焕权; 王鸿轩; 陈红兵; 杨智云; 王莹; 贺涓涓; 尚文锦; 洪华

    2011-01-01

    目的 提高对容易误诊漏诊的硬脑膜动静脉瘘(dural arteriovenous fistula,DAVF)的诊断水平.方法 回顾性总结9例DAVF的临床资料,结合文献进行分析.结果 9例主要临床表现及误诊情况分别为:视朦或视力下降4例,无颅内高压症状,误诊为视神经炎、颅内结核感染或特发性颅内压增高;记忆力下降1例,误诊为病毒性脑炎;双下肢无力1例,误诊为急性脊髓炎、神经鞘瘤;反复头痛1例,误诊为偏头痛、特发性颅内压增高;反复抽搐1例,误诊为正常颅内压脑积水;饮水呛咳、吞咽困难1例,误诊为脑梗死.3例满足于静脉窦血栓的诊断而忽略了DAVF.所有病例影像学均漏诊,但如仔细观察仍可发现细微的血管形态改变,提示动静脉畸形.结论 DAVF临床表现缺乏特异性,加上临床及放射科医师对本病认识不足,诊断思路狭窄,造成本病误诊、漏诊率高.%Objective To improve the diagnostic capability of dural arteriovenous fistula(DAVF) which easily leads to inaccurate or missed diagnosis.Methods The clinical information of 9 cases of DAVF was summarized retrospectively, and analyzed with a literature review.Results The main clinical manifestations and misdiagnosis of 9 cases were: 4 cases presenting with only amaurosis fugax or vision loss without symptoms of increased intracranial pressure were misdiagnosed as optic neuritis,intracranial tuberculosis infection and idiopathic intracranial hypertension;1 case presenting with memory decline was misdiagnosed as viral encephalitis;1 case presenting with bilateral lower limbs weakness was misdiagnosed as acute myelitis and neurilemmoma; 1 case presenting with recurrent headache was misdiagnosed as migraine and idiopathic intracranial hypertension;1 case presenting with repeating seizures was misdiagnosed as normal intracranial pressure hydrocephalus;1 case presenting with choking water and swallowing difficulty was misdiagnosed as cerebral infarction.3

  19. Prospective study of immunological factors in non-inflammatory bowel disease enterocutaneous fistulas

    OpenAIRE

    Rahbour, Goher; Hart, Ailsa L.; Al-Hassi, Hafid O.; Ullah, Mohammad R; Gabe, Simon M; Knight, Stella C.; Warusavitarne, Janindra; Vaizey, Carolynne J

    2011-01-01

    Background Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECF) are debilitating and usually result following complex abdominal surgery. While there is an association with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a large number of fistulas occur after surgery not related to IBD. The consequences of ECF include short bowel syndrome and the need for long term parenteral nutrition. ECF can heal spontaneously and in the case of IBD can be cured by medical therapy in some instances. Those that do not resolve spontaneously hav...

  20. The Folded Buccal Musculomucosal Flap for Large Palatal Fistulae in Cleft Palate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinji Kobayashi, MD

    2014-02-01

    Conclusion: The f-BMMF is able to cover both sides without a raw surface and a mucosal graft even in cases of large fistula closure, although BMMF cannot usually cover both oral and nasal sides of a fistula. The advantages of this procedure are that it does not require second surgery to release the pedicle and that its distal island mucosa can be used to monitor engraftment. This proposed method seems to be an appealing alternative.

  1. A giant left main trunk and left circumflex artery-to-right ventricle fistula

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    Zhao-hui Peng

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery fistula including the left trunk and left circumflex is uncommon. We present a 24-year-old male patient with a giant left main trunk and left circumflex artery to right ventricle fistula, which is diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography and coronary computed tomography angiography. In this paper, the case report is to provide a better understanding of clinical characteristics for this disease.

  2. Reduction of the closure time of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas with fibrin sealant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jorge; Avalos-González; Eliseo; Portilla-deBuen; Caridad; Aurea; Leal-Cortés; Abel; Orozco-Mosqueda; María; del; Carmen; Estrada-Aguilar; Gabriela; Abigail; Velázquez-Ramírez; Gabriela; Ambriz-González; Clotilde; Fuentes-Orozco; Aldo; Emmerson; Guzmán-Gurrola; Alejandro; González-Ojeda

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To assess whether the use of fibrin sealantshortens the closure time of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs). METHODS: The prospective case-control study included 70 patients with postoperative ECFs with an output of 2 cm and without any local complication. They were divided into study (n = 23) and control groups (n = 47). Esophageal, gastric and colocutaneous fistulas were monitored under endoscopic visualization, which also allowed fibrin glue application d...

  3. Aortoduodenal fistula and aortic aneurysm secondary to biliary stent-induced retroperitoneal perforation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tae Hoon Lee; Do Hyun Park; Ji-Young Park; Suck-Ho Lee; Il-Kwun Chung; Hong Soo Kim; Sang-Heum Park; Sun-Joo Kim

    2008-01-01

    Duodenal perforations caused by biliary prostheses are not uncommon, and they are potentially life threatening and require immediate treatment. We describe an unusual case of aortic aneurysm and rupture which occurred after retroperitoneal aortoduodenal fistula formation as a rare complication caused by biliary metallic stent-related duodenal perforation. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing a lethal complication of a bleeding, aortoduodenal fistula and caused by biliary metallic stent-induced perforation.

  4. Traumatic Persistent Trigeminal Artery - Cavernous Sinus Fistula Treated by Transcatheter Arterial Embolization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asai, K.; Hasuo, K.; Hara, T.; Miyagishima, T.; Terano, N.

    2010-01-01

    Summary We describe a rare case of traumatic persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) - cavernous sinus fistula. Cerebral angiography showed direct communication between the right PTA and the cavernous sinus which was treated by transcathether arterial embolization. Although previous reports have indicated the use of more coils to treat this condition, we successfully treated the patient with only two coils placed near the orifice of the fistula after sufficient anatomical evaluation. PMID:20377986

  5. Pulmonary Hilar Lymph Node Metastasis of Breast Cancer Induced Bronchopleural Fistula and Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Nishinari, Yutaka; Kashiwaba, Masahiro; UMEMURA, Akira; Komatsu, Hideaki; Sasaki, Akira; Wakabayashi, Go

    2014-01-01

    Patient: Female, 56 Final Diagnosis: Broncho-pleural fistula • empyema • supra-vena cava syndrome Symptoms: Dyspnea • fever • facial edema Medication: — Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Oncology and Pulmonology Objective: Unusual clinical course Background: It is extremely rare for pulmonary hilar lymph node metastasis (PHLNM) of a cancer to be independently lethal. Here, we report an exceedingly rare case of cavitation in PHLNM from breast cancer triggering bronchopleural fistula and empyema...

  6. Nutritional management of enterocutaneous fistula: a retrospective study at a Malaysian university medical center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badrasawi MMH

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Manal MH Badrasawi,1 Suzana Shahar,1 Ismail Sagap2 1Dietetics Program, School of Health Care Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, 2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, UKM Medical Center, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Abstract: Enterocutaneous fistula is a challenging clinical condition with serious complications and considerable morbidity and mortality. Early nutritional support has been found to decrease these complications and to improve the clinical outcome. Location of the fistula and physiological status affect the nutrition management plan in terms of feeding route, calories, and protein requirements. This study investigated the nutritional management procedures at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, and attempted to determine factors that affect the clinical outcome. Nutritional management was evaluated retrospectively in 22 patients with enterocutaneous fistula seen over a 5-year period. Medical records were reviewed to obtain data on nutritional status, biochemical indices, and route and tolerance of feeding. Calories and protein requirements are reported and categorized. The results show that surgery was the predominant etiology and low output fistula was the major physiological category; anatomically, the majority were ileocutaneous. The spontaneous healing rate was 14%, the total healing rate was 45%, and the mortality rate was 22%, with 14% due to fistula-associated complications. There was a significant relationship between body mass index/serum albumin levels and fistula healing; these parameters also had a significant relationship with mortality. Glutamine was used in 50% of cases; however, there was no significant relationship with fistula healing or mortality rate. The nutritional status of the patient has an important impact on the clinical outcome. Conservative management that includes nutrition support is very important in order to improve nutritional status before surgical

  7. Peroneal arteriovenous fistula and pseudoaneurysm: an unusual presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ching, Kevin C; McCluskey, Kevin M; Srinivasan, Abhay

    2014-01-01

    Peroneal artery arteriovenous fistulas and pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare with the majority of reported cases due to penetrating, orthopedic, or iatrogenic trauma. Failure to diagnose this unusual vascular pathology may lead to massive hemorrhage or limb threatening ischemia. We report an interesting case of a 14-year-old male who presented with acute musculoskeletal pain of his lower extremity. Initial radiographs were negative. Further imaging workup revealed a peroneal arteriovenous fistula with a large pseudoaneurysm. After initial endovascular intervention was unsuccessful, the vessels were surgically ligated in the operating room. Pathology revealed papillary endothelial hyperplasia consistent with an aneurysm and later genetic testing was consistent with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type IV. This case illustrates an unusual cause of acute atraumatic musculoskeletal pain and uncommon presentation of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. PMID:25349770

  8. Peroneal Arteriovenous Fistula and Pseudoaneurysm: An Unusual Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin C. Ching

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Peroneal artery arteriovenous fistulas and pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare with the majority of reported cases due to penetrating, orthopedic, or iatrogenic trauma. Failure to diagnose this unusual vascular pathology may lead to massive hemorrhage or limb threatening ischemia. We report an interesting case of a 14-year-old male who presented with acute musculoskeletal pain of his lower extremity. Initial radiographs were negative. Further imaging workup revealed a peroneal arteriovenous fistula with a large pseudoaneurysm. After initial endovascular intervention was unsuccessful, the vessels were surgically ligated in the operating room. Pathology revealed papillary endothelial hyperplasia consistent with an aneurysm and later genetic testing was consistent with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type IV. This case illustrates an unusual cause of acute atraumatic musculoskeletal pain and uncommon presentation of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

  9. Fistula-in-ano. A manometric study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belliveau, P; Thomson, J P; Parks, A G

    1983-03-01

    The functional outcome of fistula surgery can be quantitated by anal manometry. A closed, water-filled microballoon (0.5 X 1.0 cm) system was used to measure resting anal pressure and maximal squeeze pressure in 47 patients with anal fistulas at St. Mark's Hospital. After treatment of intersphincteric fistulas, there was a significant reduction in resting pressure in the distal 2 cm. In treated transphincteric fistulas and suprasphincteric fistulas, anal pressure was reduced in the distal 3 cm. A significant lower pressure was measured in patients having the external sphincter divided, compared with those having the muscle preserved. Disturbance of continence was related to abnormally low resting pressure in six patients. This study supports attempts at sphincter preservation in fistula surgery. PMID:6825520

  10. Management of Complex Perineal Fistula Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akiba, Ricardo Tadayoshi; Rodrigues, Fabio Gontijo; da Silva, Giovanna

    2016-06-01

    Management of complex perineal fistulas such as high perianal, rectovaginal, pouch-vaginal, rectourethral, or pouch-urethral fistulas requires a systematic approach. The first step is to control any sepsis with drainage of abscess and/or seton placement. Patients with large, recurrent, irradiated fistulas benefit from stoma diversion. In patients with Crohn's disease, it is essential to induce remission prior to any repair. There are different approaches to repair complex fistulas, from local repairs to transperineal and transabdominal approaches. Simpler fistulas are amenable to local repair. More complex fistulas, such as those secondary to irradiation, require interposition of healthy, well-vascularized tissue. The most common flap used for this treatment is the gracilis muscle with good outcomes reported. Once healing is confirmed by imaging and endoscopy, the stoma is reversed. PMID:27247533

  11. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF CASSIA FISTULA LINN. LEGUMES

    OpenAIRE

    Chauhan Neelam; Bairwa Ranjan; Sharma Komal; Chauhan Nootan

    2011-01-01

    Cassia fistula Linn. (Leguminoseae), commonly known as the Golden Shower, Indian Laburnum. Cassia fistula trees as leguminous plants are popularly grown in Thailand. It is native to India, the Amazon and Sri Lanka and diffused in various countries including Mexico, China, Mauritius, South Africa, East Africa, and West Indies. The antibacterial activities of the petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyle acetate, methanolic and 50% (v/v) hydro alcoholic successive extracts of Cassia fistula (L) fruit...

  12. Risk factors for obstetric fistulae in north-eastern Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melah, G S; Massa, A A; Yahaya, U R; Bukar, M; Kizaya, D D; El-Nafaty, A U

    2007-11-01

    This prospective comparative study of obstetric fistulae (OF) was aimed at identifying risk factors. A total of 80 obstetric fistulae treated at the gynaecological unit of the FMCG, and 80 inpatients without fistulae recruited randomly as controls formed the basis of this study. Through interview and case record review, information on age, parity and marital status was collected. Other features were educational status, occupation and booking status of the pregnancy that might have led to this condition. The duration of labour, place of birth and mode of delivery, including its outcome were also collected. The data were analysed using the Epi Info. The majority of the patients were Hausa/Fulani 87.5%, Muslims 91.2%, with large vesicovaginal fistulae (average size 5.0 cm) mainly resulting from obstructed labour (93.7%). Major risk factors included early age at first marriage (average 14 years), short stature (average height 146.2 cm) and illiteracy (96.3%). Also low social class and lack of gainful employment were factors. Failure to book for antenatal care (93.7%), and rural place of residence (95%) were also factors associated with acquiring the fistulae. Living far away (>3 km) from a health facility also contributed or predisposed to the development of an obstetric fistula. Social violence and stigma associated with the fistulae included divorce, being ostracised as a social outcast, and lack of assistance from relations in terms of finding and funding treatment. This study supports improved access to basic essential obstetric care, family planning services, and timely referral when and where necessary. Universal education will provide a long-term solution by improving the standard of living and quality of life. Especially important are media- and community-based programmes on the ills of teenage marriage and child pregnancy using cultural and religiously-based values to give sound advice. In a male dominated society, reaching out to men with traditionally

  13. Conversion of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy to gastrojejunostomy under fluoroscopic guidance for treatment of gastrocutaneous fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Joon-Sung; Baik, Jun Hyun; Lim, Seong Hoon; Hong, Bo Young; Jo, Leechan

    2015-02-01

    Persistent enterocutaneous fistula after the removal of a gastrostomy tube is an unusual complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). The following case report describes an 81-year-old man diagnosed with stroke and dysphagia in May 2008. The patient had been using a PEG since 2008, and PEG site infection occurred in June 2013. The PEG tube was removed and a new PEG tube was inserted. Thereafter, formation of gastrocutaneous fistula around the previous infected PEG site was observed. The fistula was refractory to medical management, accompanied by long duration of fasting and peripheral alimentation. Therefore, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the previously inserted PEG tube was performed, under fluoroscopic guidance; this mode of management was successful. For patients who have a gastrocutaneous fistula, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the pre-existing PEG tube is a safe and effective alternative management for enteral feeding. PMID:25750883

  14. An unusual presentation of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis: psoas abscess with reno-colic fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghoz, Hassan M; Williams, Martin; Perepletchikov, Aleksandr; James, Nicholas; Babeir, Abdulrahman A

    2016-07-01

    Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare histological subset of pyelonephritis characterized by being a chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation of the renal parenchyma. XGP is classified according to the extent of disease into two entities: within the renal cortex (focal or segmental XGP) or diffuse spread with pelvic communication (diffuse XGP). Although rare, XGP can have fatal complications including perinephric, psoas abscess, nephro-cutaneous fistula and reno-colic fistula. Only few studies have reported XGP complicated with psaos abcess and reno-colic fistula. Our aim is to add to the literature and share our experience with a case of extensive XGP eroding into the psoas muscle and ascending colon leading to severe sepsis that was successfully managed. We report a 56-year-old woman who was found to have XGP complicated by psoas abscess and reno-colic fistula managed by antibiotics, nephrostomy, and subsequent nephrectomy and partial colectomy. PMID:27471599

  15. Chemotherapy-induced enterocutaneous fistula after perineal hernia repair using a biological mesh

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Mh; Bulut, O

    2014-01-01

    abdominoperineal resection. Nine months after the perineal hernia operation, the patient had multiple metastases in both lungs and liver. The patient underwent chemotherapy, including bevacizumab, irinotecan, calcium folinate, and fluorouracil. Six weeks into chemotherapy, the patient developed signs of sepsis....... It seems that hernia repairs with biological meshes have lower erosion and infection rates compared with synthetic meshes, and so far, evidence suggests that biological grafts are safe and effective in the treatment of pelvic floor reconstruction. There have been no reports of enteric fistulas after pelvic...... reconstruction with biological meshes. However, the development of intestinal fistulas after chemotherapy with bevacizumab has been described in the literature. Our case report supports this association between bevacizumab and fistula formation among rectal cancer patients, as symptoms of a fistula started only...

  16. Malignant sigmoidoduodenal fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.M. Shapey

    2014-01-01

    CONCLUSION: Management options must be considered in the context of patient wishes, their co-morbidities, and predicted post-operative outcome. In most cases this is likely to represent a non-operative approach, however surgical resection may benefit selected cases on occasion.

  17. Treatment of a biliary-venous fistula following percutaneous biopsy in a pediatric living related liver transplant patient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weintraub, Joshua L.; Mobley, David [Mount Sinai Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1234, New York, NY (United States); Hawari, Ashraf; English, Benjamin [New York Medical College, Department of Radiology, Valhalla, NY (United States)

    2006-06-15

    Liver biopsy is a common study performed after hepatic transplantation. Most centers routinely perform a biopsy 1 week after surgery to evaluate for the possibility of acute rejection. Subsequent biopsies are based on clinical symptoms and routine hepatic function laboratory testing. We report the clinical presentation and treatment of a biliary-venous fistula resulting in sepsis and bilhemia (elevated serum bilirubin levels caused by a biliary-venous fistula) in a 21/2-year-old patient 4 months after partial left lateral segment living related liver transplantation. This case is unusual in that the fistula is the reversal of the more common venous-biliary fistula. The fistula developed after a percutaneous liver biopsy was performed. (orig.)

  18. Laparoscopic Resection of Cholecystocolic Fistula and Subtotal Cholecystectomy by Tri-Staple in a Type V Mirizzi Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yetişir, Fahri; Şarer, Akgün Ebru; Acar, Hasan Zafer; Parlak, Omer; Basaran, Basar; Yazıcıoğlu, Omer

    2016-01-01

    The Mirizzi syndrome (MS) is an impacted stone in the cystic duct or Hartmann's pouch that mechanically obstructs the common bile duct (CBD). We would like to report laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (SC) and resection of cholecystocolic fistula by the help of Tri-Staple™ in a case with type V MS and cholecystocolic fistula, for first time in the literature. A 24-year-old man was admitted to emergency department with the complaint of abdominal pain, intermittent fever, jaundice, and diarrhea. Two months ago with the same complaint, ERCP was performed. Laparoscopic resection of cholecystocolic fistula and subtotal cholecystectomy were performed by the help of Tri-Staple. At the eight-month follow-up, he was symptom-free with normal liver function tests. In a patient with type V MS and cholecystocolic fistula, laparoscopic resection of cholecystocolic fistula and SC can be performed by using Tri-Staple safely. PMID:26904324

  19. Post-operative duodenal fistula: percutaneous treatment and review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Huerta

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Duodenal fistula is a complex condition, relatively frequent presentation, being in most cases of postoperative origin. Among the latter, 6% to 11% are secondary to surgical treatment of perforated duodenal ulcer, and more unusual, as a complication of cholecystectomy. Two cases treated percutaneous at the Polyclinic Bank city of Buenos Aires are presented. The first, a female patient with a duodenal fistula as a postoperative complication of a perforated duodenal ulcer and the second one patient male with the same pathology but as a complication of cholecystectomy. Percutaneous treatment of this disease has been reported sporadically without having proven its usefulness. Once diagnosed the same Fistulography and obliteration were performed percutaneously achieving complete remission of the disease.

  20. Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Repair of Spontaneous Appendicovesical Fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibar, Yusuf; Yalcin, Serdar; Kopru, Burak; Topuz, Bahadir; Ebiloglu, Turgay

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: To report the first case of the spontaneous appendicovesical fistulas' (AVF) repair with robot assisted laparoscopy. Case Presentation: A 29-year-old male patient with urgent persistant bacteriuria and dysuria was referred to our clinic. Physical examination and blood tests were normal. He had used various antibiotics due to recurrent UTI for about 20 years. Computed tomography revealed the fistula tract between the distal end of the appendix and right lateral wall of the bladder dome. He was successfully treated with robot-assisted laparoscopic repair. Following this surgery, the patient's complaints were resolved completely. Conclusion: AVF is the rare condition. Robot-assisted laparoscopy repair of AVF is safe and effective treatment option.

  1. Oroantral fistula from bisphosphonate induced osteonecrosis of the jaw

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Sharp

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Bisphosphonates like alendronic acid, disodium etidronate, and risedronate are effective for preventing postmenopausal and corticosteroid induced osteoporosis. They are also useful in the treatment of Paget’s disease, hypercalcaemia of malignancy and in bony metastases. However osteonecrosis of the jaw has been reported following intravenous bisphosphonate use and rarely in those taking them orally.Increasingly, oroantral fistulae have been shown to occur as sequelae of bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw and this case report highlights a patient that presented to our ENT department and required sinus surgery in collaboration with maxillofacial surgeons.This case report aims to raise awareness among ENT surgeons to these patients on bisphosphonates that could present to them with sinus disease from oroantral fistulae. There is an on-going audit in the maxillofacial community on this emerging trend.

  2. The Patency Rate of Arteriovenous Fistulas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aşkın Ender Topal

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this investigation is to determine the patency of thearteriovenous (A-V fistulas, created in patients with chronic renal failure, inthe early and late periods according to sex.The A-V fistulas created for hemodialisis were investigated retrospectively.Of 238 patients, there were 130 male.269 operations were made to 238 patients. Of these, 198 (73.6 % wereradiochephalic, 56 (20.8 % were brachiochephalic, 8 (3 % were brachiobasilicA-V fistulas. In 3 (1.1 % patients loop graft between brachial artery and vein,in 1 (0.37 % patient graft between radial artery and brachial vein, in 1 patientgraft between brachial artery and basilic vein, in 1 patient graft betweensuperficial femoral artery and saphenous vein were placed. Of 198radiochephalic A-V fistulas 24 (12.1 % in early period and 3 (1.5 % in lateperiod became inactive. Of 56 brachiochephalic A-V fistulas 4 (7.1 % and of 8brachiobasilic A-V fistulas 2 (25 % became unsuccessful in early period. 1 of 6A-V fistulas with prosthetic graft failed in late period because of thrombosis. Inradial level patency rate of A-V fistulas in females were lower than in males(82.3 %-89.8 %.The patency rate of A-V fistulas in radial and brachial levels were similar,but in radial level rate of successful of A-V fistulas decreased in femalesaccording to males. Use of graft in A-V fistula didn’t give superiority to A-Vfistulas without graft.

  3. Diagnosis and management of acute traumatic arteriovenous fistula

    OpenAIRE

    Nagpal, Kamal; Ahmed, Kamran; Cuschieri, RJ

    2008-01-01

    Acute arterial injuries are often complicated by the development of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF). In the acute setting, an AVF may present at the same time as the arterial injury. A case of traumatic AVF in the thigh that presented with normal neurovascular examination findings is reported. AVF was diagnosed by duplex scan and managed promptly. The authors suggest that duplex imaging together with arteriography, where appropriate, should be performed routinely when penetrating wounds are in...

  4. Anterior sagittal anorectoplasty: An alternative to posterior approach in management of congenital vestibular fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Man Mohan Harjai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Better exposure, possibility of extension if needed and precise placement of the anal canal within the external sphincter complex have made the posterior and anterior sagittal approaches more popular and established for the correction of anovestibular fistula. The mini posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP was the procedure of choice for female ARM at our center till date. As an alternative surgical option, we performed anterior sagittal anorectoplasty (ASARP in 15 cases of anovestibular fistula and compared them with 12 cases of vestibular fistula operated by PSARP technique. Patients and Methods: Fifteen female infants with vestibular fistula who had anterior sagittal anorectoplasty (ASARP procedure were reviewed. The procedure and its outcome were evaluated. Results : The manoeuvering during anesthesia and operative access were quite easier in ASARP compared to PSARP. Delineation of plane in ASARP between rectum and vagina was easier and clearer in comparison to PSARP. Rent occurred in the posterior vaginal wall in three cases of ASARP and two cases of PSARP. There were two cases of wound infection in each group. Three cases of PSARP group developed anal stenosis and constipation while one in the ASARP group developed constipation. Conclusion : Anesthesia and access in ASARP makes it an easier alternative option to PSARP in the management of anovestibular fistula in girls.

  5. Vector Volume Flow in Arteriovenous Fistulas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Peter Møller; Heerwagen, Søren; Pedersen, Mads Møller;

    2013-01-01

    , but is very challenging due to the angle dependency of the Doppler technique and the anatomy of the fistula. The angle independent vector ultrasound technique Transverse Oscillation provides a new and more intuitive way to measure volume flow in an arteriovenous fistula. In this paper the Transverse...

  6. Gastro-peritoneo-cutaneous fistula following splenectomy

    OpenAIRE

    BAYRAKÇI, Berna; ORUÇ, Nevin; TEKİN, Fatih; Elmas, Nevra; ÖZÜTEMİZ, A. Ömer

    2009-01-01

    Splenectomy operation is usually indicated for treatment of hematological disorders or splenic trauma. Splenectomy complications including gastric injury and peritoneal abscess formation were rarely reported. Forty seven years old male patient diagnosed with immune thrombocytopenic purpura and had splenectomy operation. Abdominal pain and cutaneous fistula was developed after the operation. Further investigations revealed gastric fistula opening endoscopically and presence of intraabdominal a...

  7. Morphologic and functional assessment of hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula with duplex doppler sonography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, On Koo; Kim, Yong Soo; Rhim, Hyun Chul; Koh, Byung Hee; Kim, Bong Soo; Song, Soon Young; Park, Chan Hyun [Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-03-15

    The pattern of morphologic and functional status of the hemodialysis AV fistula was studied using doppler ultrasound to define the useful parameter and its normal range for detecting the initial dysfunctional. Sixty patients of chronic renal failure with radial artery-cephalic vein fistula for hemodialysis (50 clinically normal and 10 clinically abnormal functioning AV fistula) were studied by duplex ultrasound. The examination followed the feeding artery to the draining vein and observed the morphology and waveform of the vessels. Peak systolic velocity (PSV), End diastolic velocity (EDV) and Systolic/Diastolic ratio (S/D ratio) were measured in the feeding artery. In the draining vein, peak velocity was measured and the presence of arterial pulsation was observed. Normal range of these measuring parameters and its significance and reliability for detecting dysfunction AV fistula were studied. In normally functioning fistula, waveforms of flow in the feeding artery were monophasic, with PSV 0.5-3.48 m/sec (average 1.75 {+-} 0.79 m/sec), EDV 0.2-1.47 m/sec (average 0.82 {+-} 0.41 m/sec) and S/D ratio 1.44-3.48 (average 2.34 {+-} 0.56). The draining vein showed components of arterial pulsations with peak velocity of 0.21-1.20 m/sec (average 0.54 {+-} 0.23 m/sec). Of the 10 clinically dysfunctional AV fistula, two cases had arteriosclerous vessel wall calcification and showed normal function on doppler sonography. Two cases of focal stenotic lesion of the draining vein showed significantly increased PSV which were more than 4.0 m/sec. Six cases of venous thrombosis showed a high resistance pattern of reversed diastolic flow with a measured S/D ratio of more than 4.0 and the absence of flow was noted within the draining S/D ratio was statically very reliable parameter (P=0.003) for defining normal and abnormal functioning AV fistula, however PSV and EDVV were unreliable (P=0.459). Duplex ultrasound is a useful diagnostic method for interpretating function of the

  8. Physiologic assessment of coronary artery fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, N.C.; Beauvais, J. (Creighton Univ., Omaha, NE (USA))

    1991-01-01

    Coronary artery fistula is an uncommon clinical entity. The most common coronary artery fistula is from the right coronary artery to the right side of the heart, and it is less frequent to the pulmonary artery. The effect of a coronary artery fistula may be physiologically significant because of the steal phenomenon resulting in coronary ischemia. Based on published reports, it is recommended that patients with congenital coronary artery fistulas be considered candidates for elective surgical correction to prevent complications including development of congestive heart failure, angina, subacute bacterial endocarditis, myocardial infarction, and coronary aneurysm formation with rupture or embolization. A patient is presented in whom treadmill-exercise thallium imaging was effective in determining the degree of coronary steal from a coronary artery fistula, leading to successful corrective surgery.

  9. Spontaneous postoperative choledochoduodenal fistula due to bile duct injury following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sezgin Yilmaz

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: In the present case we have reported a case of Bismuth type 2 (Strasberg type E2 injury in which the biliary drainage was closed spontaneously with the formation of spontaneous biliary-duodenal fistula. It is an extremely interesting case that has not been reported in the literature previously.

  10. Analysis of therapeutic effect in interventional occlusion treatment twice on intrahepatic arterial-portal fistula one case%肝动脉-门静脉瘘两次介入封堵治疗分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫胜利; 李慧; 张玲

    2012-01-01

    Intrahepatic arterial-portal fistula is a kind of rare disease . When liver was invased by hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, some disease often appear including hepatic arterial-portal fistula, hepatic arterial-systemic veins fistula, portal veins - hepatic veins fistula. Part of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were found hepatic arterial-portal fistula in hepatic arteriography and enhanced CT. Patients with hepatic arterial-portal fistula often manifested as portal hypertension, splenomegaly, ascites. It was easy to missed. Angiography is gold standard. This article analysis the diagnosis and interventional occlusion one patient with hepatic arterial-portal fistula. Aimed to improve the reality of clinic doctors about portal hypertensionwere invased by hepatic arterial-portal fistula . Meanwhile contrast the effective of two kinds of embolic material in interventional occlusion.%肝动脉门静脉瘘是少见疾病,常为遗传性出血性毛细血管扩张症(hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia,HHT)累及肝脏,可出现肝动脉门静脉瘘、肝动脉体静脉瘘、门静脉肝静脉瘘。同时部分肝癌患者在行肝动脉造影或增强CT检查时动脉期亦多发现存在肝动脉-门静脉瘘。肝动脉门静脉瘘的患者可出现门静脉高压症、脾大、腹水。常规检查易漏诊,血管造影检查为金标准。本文对同一例肝动脉-门静脉瘘患者诊断及两次栓塞治疗结果进行分析,并复习相关文献,以提高临床医师对肝动脉-门静脉瘘致门静脉高压症的思考及认识,同时分析两种栓塞材料对肝动脉-门静脉瘘封堵效果。

  11. Secondary Clinical Deterioration after Successful Embolization of a Spinal Dural Arteriovenous Fistula: a Plea for Prophylactic Anticoagulation

    OpenAIRE

    Knopman, J.; Zink, W.; Patsalides, A; Riina, H A; Gobin, Y.P.

    2010-01-01

    We present a case of delayed aggravation of initially-resolved symptoms in a patient after successful embolization of a T5 spinal dural arteriovenous (AV) fistula with N-butyl cyanoacr- ylate. The symptoms were attributed to venous thrombosis and resolved with systemic antico- agulation after five days of treatment. Although the most adequate treatment for preventing venous thrombosis after spinal dural AV fistula is not known, we describe this patient as a case for more aggressive prophylact...

  12. Hodgkin Lymphoma Untreated for Six Years Presenting with Tracheoesophageal Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason R. Westin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable cancer with modern therapy, with five-year survival rates in excess of 80%. However, the natural history of the untreated disease is largely unknown. We present the case of a patient with Hodgkin lymphoma who went untreated for over 5 years due to patient choice. Eventually, the patient developed hypoxemia, significant weight loss, and a tracheoesophageal fistula. After a placement of a gastrostomy tube and tracheal stent, treatment with standard chemotherapy was initiated. The patient achieved an excellent response, the fistula closed without further intervention, and there is no evidence of relapse six years later. Even in a patient with significant Hodgkin-lymphoma-related sequelae, standard therapy can result in excellent long-term outcomes.

  13. Ureteroarterial Fistulas After Robotic and Open Radical Cystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmerola, Ricardo; Westerman, Mary E; Fakhoury, Mathew; Boorjian, Stephen A; Richstone, Lee

    2016-01-01

    Ureteroarterial fistulas (UAFs) are defined as an abnormal communication between one of the major arteries and the ureter. Urologists most frequently encounter iatrogenic fistulas occurring in patients with a history of pelvic extirpative surgery, chronic ureteral catheterization, and history of pelvic radiation. We present two cases of UAFs in patients with no history of prior radiation, who underwent open radical cystectomy and robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal ileal conduit. Both patients developed postoperative ureteroileal anastomotic leaks that were managed with indwelling ureteral catheters. Furthermore, both patients were having left-sided UAF after presenting with nonlife threatening gross hematuria, which became brisk and pulsatile during ureteral stent exchange. Endovascular stenting was performed in both patients with resolution of hemorrhage and full recovery. In one patient, nephrostomy tubes were placed and ureteral catheters were removed; the second patient was managed with continued ureteral catheterization without further episodes of hematuria. PMID:27579415

  14. Synovial cutaneous fistula complicating a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letter, Haley P; Limback, Joseph; Wasyliw, Christopher; Bancroft, Laura; Scherer, Kurt

    2016-06-01

    Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is becoming a common form of shoulder arthroplasty that is often performed in the setting of rotator cuff pathology. Infection is a rare complication but is more common in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty than in hemiarthroplasty or anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty. We present the case of a 69-year-old patient with a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty who presented with purulent drainage from the skin of his anterior shoulder. Computed tomography arthrogram confirmed the presence of a synovial cutaneous fistula. Synovial cutaneous fistula is a rare variant of periprosthetic infection that, to our knowledge, has not been described previously in the setting of a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Computed tomography arthrogram proved to be a reliable method for confirming the diagnosis and was used for operative planning to remove the hardware. PMID:27257460

  15. TRAUMATIC GASTROPLEURAL FISTULA COMPLICATED BY EMPYEMA AND PNEUMOTHORAX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijay Kumar

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available We herein report a case of traumatic gastropleural fistula complicated by empyema and pneumothorax which is a rare entity. A 22 year old male was admitted with alleged history of stab injury to left lower chest. Patient was f ound to have left sided pneumothorax, for which intercostal drainage tube was inserted and the patient stabilised. Chest radiograph taken three days after the chest tube insertion showed persistent hydropneumothorax for which the patient underwent a contra st enhanced computed tomography of thorax (CECT. CECT of thorax revealed herniation of fundus of stomach through a defect in the left dome of diaphragm into the left thoracic cavity with leakage of oral contrast into the left pleural cavity. Preoperative diagnosis of gastropleural fistula was made and the same was confirmed in the intraoperative findings. The patient underwent laparotomy with repair of the diaphragmatic defect and closure of the gastric perforation. The patient made an uneventful recovery

  16. Spontaneous Cholecystocutaneous Fistula: A Rare Presentation of Gallstones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leela Sayed

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula, one of the rarest complications of acute cholecystitis, has been reported in fewer than 25 cases over the past 50 years. Not only is this case rare but interestingly the patient experienced no pain or symptoms consistent with gallbladder pathology leading up to her hospitalisation. Furthermore, laboratory studies, microbiology and computed tomography scanning did not establish a diagnosis until the fistula passed calculi.An 85-year-old lady with multiple co-morbidities presented to the Emergency Department with an erythematous soft and non-tender mass in her right flank. The mass had spontaneously ruptured and was discharging a serous-like material. Prior to further investigation a working diagnosis of an eroding/fungating caecal tumour was made. The lesion continued to discharge over a 3 month period which heralded the passage of 11 small, brown calculi thought to be gallstones. At this point spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula was diagnosed and was later confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging cholangiopancreatography.

  17. A tiny dural arteriovenous fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Peng 张 鹏; ZHU Fengshui 朱风水; LING Feng 凌 锋; Christophe COGNARD

    2003-01-01

    @@ Pulsatile tinnitus is commonly encountered in approximately 10% of a given population.1 Since causes of the disease vary, selecting appropriate protocols of imaging strategies is quite challenging.2 Vascular anormalies or diseases including anormalies of the carotid arteries and jugular veins, intracranial arteriovenous malformation and dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) are major causative factors of the disease. Before imaging studies, history inquiry and physical examination are important for detect the possible causes of pulsatile tinnitus. Different imaging examinations are depended on histories and clinical signs of different patients.

  18. Spontaneous Hepaticoduodenal and Choledochoduodenal Fistula Mimicking Duodenal Ulcer Perforation, a Very Rare Complication of Transarterial Chemoembolization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varayu Prachayakul

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous bilo-enteric fistula is a rare complication following surgery or some therapeutic interventions such as transarterial chemoembolization (TACE. The present case was a young man, a known case of chronic hepatitis B with multiple recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma, who presented with clinical sepsis and jaundice. Computed tomography showed dilated proximal left intrahepatic ducts which suspected anastomotic stricture. He underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, but the endoscopic view showed a deep ulcer covered by yellowish debris tissue. After re-evaluation it was found to be hepaticoduodenostomy and choledochoduodenostomy tracts. In the present case the fistula was suspected to be related to a previous TACE procedure.

  19. Vesico-vaginal fistula post cold cup bladder biopsy: mini review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abigail Mawhinney

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abigail Mawhinney1,*, Ammar Hameed2,*, Ali Thwaini1, Colin Mulholland11Belfast City Hospital, Urology Department, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK; 2Addenbrookes University Hospital, Urology Department, Cambridge, UK*These authors contributed equally to this paperIntroduction: We report a case of a vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF post cold cup biopsy; to our knowledge this is the only reported case. We present the clinical history/presentation, investigation and the outcome of the treatment. VVFs are among the most distressing complications of gynecologic and obstetric procedures. The risk of developing a VVF is more than 1% after radical surgery and radiotherapy for malignancies. Management of these fistulas has been better defined and standardized over the last decade.Methods and results: A case of low grade superficial bladder cancer was treated with multiple resections of bladder tumor and a single installation of mitomycin post initial resection which successfully cleared her bladder cancer, but nevertheless led to a small size and scarred bladder. In addition there was a long history of smoking with its effects on tissue integrity and healing. VVFs are very rare and are an unpleasant outcome post a cold cup biopsy, adding to the psychological and social effects of the surgical treatment.Conclusion: Although cold cup biopsy is a normal day procedure performed by both residents and consultants, consensus should exist on how to treat a patient who has a bladder with defective integrity and small capacity. The rate of successful fistula repair reported in the literature varies between 70% and 100% in nonradiated patients, with similar results when a vaginal or abdominal approach is performed, the mean success rates being 91% and 97%, respectively.Keywords: vesico-vaginal fistula, vaginal fistula, surgical repair of vaginal fistula, management of vaginal fistula

  20. Self-expandable metallic stents in the treatment of post-esophagogastrostomy/post-esophagoenterostomy fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowakowski, P; Ziaja, K; Ludyga, T; Kuczmik, W; Biolik, G; Cwik, P; Ziaja, D

    2007-01-01

    Esophageus or gaster resection in patients with malignant disease is still a treatment of choice. It is obvious that each surgical procedure in these patients carries some possibility of complications. Esophageo-gastric or esophageo-jejuno anastomosis has a 4-27% frequency of fistula occurrence. All these result in 65% mortality in cases of poorer prognosis. The aim of this paper is not to present all types of complications but to objectively analyse the usefulness of the covered stent placement in the treatment of anastomotic fistulas. We present six patients who were treated for postoperative fistula of esophageo-gastric anastomosis (1 case) or esophageo-jejuno anastomosis (5 cases). All patients were treated with stapler suture for digestive tract reconstruction after malignancy removal during the primary surgical procedure. Signs and symptoms of suture leak between 5-8 days post-surgery were observed. Conservative therapy was not effective. Thus a new method of treatment was employed - covered stent placement. The procedure was performed under X-ray control. In all treated patients there was change for the better and quick reduction of secretion from the fistulas was observed. All patients were discharged from the department after several days and all had survived at 30 days follow-up. Covered esophageal stent placement seems to be a safe and promising method of treatment for patients with anastomotic fistula which significantly reduces mortality and improves quality of live. Our experiences confirms that of other investigators.

  1. New Surgical Approach for treatment of complex vesicovaginal fistula. Vesical autoplasty; Avances en la cirugia de la fistula vesicovaginal compleja. Autoplastia vesical

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gil-Vernet Vila, J. M.

    2009-07-01

    Although currently complex ve sico-vaginal fistulae are an uncommon finding, their solution still remains a problem since no effective surgical technique is yet available. We describe a new vesical autoplasty procedure for solving this entity. Once the fistulae has been thoroughly resected and its borders have been unfolded, a graft is obtained from the posterior-superior vesical wall, which is then slid down to the vesical neck thereby covering great extensions where tissue has been lost, even in the presence of low-capacity bladders. This new operation has led to a 100% cure rate of the 42 consecutive cases of vesico-vaginal fistulae operated on and that had undergone repeated surgery using other thecniques. (Author) 8 refs.

  2. Post-traumatic recto-spinal fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lantsberg, L.; Greenberg, G. [Department of Surgery A, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva (Israel); Laufer, L.; Hertzanu, Y. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva (Israel)

    2000-01-01

    Acquired recto-spinal fistula has been described elsewhere as a rare complication of colorectal malignancy and Crohn's enterocolitis. We treated a young man who developed a recto-spinal fistula as a result of a high fall injury. The patient presented with meningeal signs, sepsis and perianal laceration. Computerized axial tomography revealed air in the supersellar cistern. Gastrografin enema showed that contrast material was leaking from the rectum into the spinal canal. Surgical management included a diverting sigmoid colostomy, sacral bone curettage and wide presacral drainage. To the best of our knowledge, rectospinal fistula of traumatic origin has not been previously reported in the English literature. (orig.)

  3. Percutaneous BioOrganic Sealing of Duodenal Fistulas: Case Report and Review of Biological Sealants with Potential Use in Interventional Radiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wadhwa, Vibhor, E-mail: vwadhwa1@jhmi.edu [Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of Vascular & Interventional Radiology (United States); Leeper, William R., E-mail: rob.leeper@jhmi.edu [Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery (United States); Tamrazi, Anobel, E-mail: atamraz1@jhmi.edu [Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of Vascular & Interventional Radiology (United States)

    2015-08-15

    Biological sealants are being increasingly used in a variety of surgical specialties for their hemostatic and sealing capabilities. However, their use in interventional radiology has not been widely reported. The authors describe a case of duodenal perforation occurring after 15 years of gastric bypass surgery, in whom surgical diversion was unsuccessfully attempted and the leakage was successfully controlled using percutaneous administration of a combination of biological and organic sealants.

  4. Multiple coronary-cameral fistulas to the left ventricle arising from both coronary arteries

    OpenAIRE

    Ranjan Pathak; Smith Giri; Inyong Hwang; Shadwan Alsafwah

    2016-01-01

    Coronary-cameral fistula (CCF) is an anomalous connection between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or major vessel, seen in about 0.8% of the cases undergoing coronary angiography. Most patients are asymptomatic and diagnosis is made incidentally during coronary angiography. We present an image case of CCF which was found incidentally during pre-liver transplantation work up.

  5. Revisiting an ancient treatment for transphincteric fistula-in-ano ‘There is nothing new under the sun’ Ecclesiastes 1v9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturgeon, G; Hargest, R

    2015-01-01

    Objective The history of treatments for fistula-in-ano can be traced back to ancient times. Current treatment of transphincteric fistulae is controversial, with many options available. We reviewed the history of treatment using cutting setons and present our series of transphincteric fistulae in the light of the series in the literature. Design Literature review and case series. Setting Hospital based coloproctology service Participants 140 consecutive patients presenting with fistula-in-ano were included. Main Outcome Measures The literature pertaining to treatment of transphincteric fistula was reviewed, along with the outcome of various treatment methods for this condition. Data were collected for 140 consecutive patients presenting with fistula- in-ano were assessed for fistula healing, recurrence and complications. Results A total of 140 consecutive patients with fistula-in-ano were identified, of which 111 were cryptoglandular (79.3%). Eighty-one of these 111 were transphincteric (73.0%). At a median follow-up of 35 months (range, 2–83 months), 70 transphincteric fistulae had healed (86.4%), 10 were still undergoing treatment (12.3%) and one patient was lost to follow-up prior to treatment (1.2%). Two patients in this group required a stoma (2.5%), six patients developed recurrence (7.4%); three ‘true’ recurrences (3.7%). One (1.2%) developed a chronic fissure. There were no reported cases of incontinence. Conclusions The management of transphincteric fistula-in-ano is complex and controversial, for which no clear surgical procedure has gained acceptance as the gold standard. This study demonstrates that transphincteric fistulae can be successfully treated using cutting setons. A high healing rate (86.4%), low recurrence rate (7.4%) and a low complication rate (3.7%) are shown, which compares favourably with published rates over a long follow-up. PMID:26152674

  6. STUDY OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE NONCLOSURE OF BRONCHOPLEURAL FISTULA IN PATIENTS WITH SPONTANEOUS PNEUMOTHORAX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ejaj Ahmed

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air or gas in the pleural space. Pneumothoraces are essentially of two types, spontaneous and tramautic pneumothoraces, based on whether the lung is diseased or not. Spontaneous pneumothoraces are further of two types- primary and secondary spontaneous pneumothoraces. A subcategory of traumatic pneumothorax is iatrogenic pneumothorax. Hydro-pneumothorax, pyo-pneumothorax and hemo-pneumothorax result from collection of clear fluid, pus and blood respectively in the pleural cavity. A bronchopleural fistula is a communication between the pleural space and the lung. MATERIAL AND METHODS A prospective study of 54 cases of spontaneous pneumothorax with bronchopleural fistula, which were admitted in Department of Pulmonary Medicine, SVRRGGH, Tirupathi, over a period of 1 year from July 2014 to July 2015 was undertaken. Patients with pneumothorax were identified by clinical and radiological examination, where it was necessary for CT chest to be performed. Depending on the chest x ray and CT chest findings, the patients were subjected to tube thoracotomy. Patients who had persistent bronchopleural fistula after 15 days had to be referred to the CT surgeon for decortication or pleurectomy. For all those whose bronchopleural fistula closed by itself, the intercostal tube was removed at the earliest. After completion of the study, the findings and results were analysed and compared with those of the previous studies. RESULTS In the study period, out of 120 pneumothorax patients 54 patients with bronchopleural fistula were diagnosed. In 34 of the 54 patients, that is in 63% the bronchopleural fistula healed spontaneously in 2 weeks’ time. In 16 of the patients even after 15 days of intercostal tube drainage, the bronchopleural fistula did not heal and they had to be referred to the cardiothoracic surgeon for decortication/pleurectomy; 46 of the 54(85.2% were males and 8(14.8% were females; 45 patients (83% had TB

  7. Tracheal agenesis with broncho-esophageal fistula in VACTERL / TACRD association

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    Suresh R. S. Mandrekar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tracheal agenesis (TA is an extremely rare malformation. We report here autopsy findings in a case of TA with bronchoesophageal fistula of Floyd type III. The other malformations present included laryngeal atresia, Right lung hypolobulation, ventricular septal defect in membranous portion, bilateral cystic renal dysplasia, spleninculus, Meckel′s diverticulum, and imperforate anus. The constellations of malformations present in our case have overlapping features with Vertebral anomalies, Anal atresia, Cardiovascular anomalies, Tracheo-esophageal fistula, Esophageal atresia, Renal anomalies, Limb anomalies and Tracheal atresia or laryngo tracheal atresia, Cardiac anomalies, Renal anomalies, Duodenal atresia association described previously in the literature.

  8. Coccidioides immitis Cervical Lymphadenitis Complicated by Esophageal Fistula

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    Michael Loudin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Coccidioidomycosis (valley fever is caused by the dimorphic fungi Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii. Most infections are asymptomatic or result in self-limited pneumonia; extrapulmonary dissemination via either hematogenous or lymphatic spread is rare. Here, we present a case of cervical C. immitis lymphadenitis that resulted in fistula formation to the esophagus via mediastinal extension. This case highlights a very unusual extrapulmonary manifestation of coccidioidomycosis, the difficulty in diagnosing coccidioidal infection when it is not suspected, and the importance of obtaining a thorough exposure history to assist with diagnosis.

  9. Coccidioides immitis Cervical Lymphadenitis Complicated by Esophageal Fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loudin, Michael; Clayburgh, Daniel R; Hakki, Morgan

    2016-01-01

    Coccidioidomycosis (valley fever) is caused by the dimorphic fungi Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii. Most infections are asymptomatic or result in self-limited pneumonia; extrapulmonary dissemination via either hematogenous or lymphatic spread is rare. Here, we present a case of cervical C. immitis lymphadenitis that resulted in fistula formation to the esophagus via mediastinal extension. This case highlights a very unusual extrapulmonary manifestation of coccidioidomycosis, the difficulty in diagnosing coccidioidal infection when it is not suspected, and the importance of obtaining a thorough exposure history to assist with diagnosis. PMID:27313922

  10. Surgery for fistula-in-ano in a specialist colorectal unit: a critical appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sileri Pierpaolo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several techniques have been described for the management of fistula-in-ano, but all carry their own risks of recurrence and incontinence. We conducted a prospective study to assess type of presentation, treatment strategy and outcome over a 5-year period. Methods Between 1st January 2005 and 31st March 2011 247 patients presenting with anal fistulas were treated at the University Hospital Tor Vergata and were included in the present prospective study. Mean age was 47 years (range 16-76 years; minimum follow-up period was 6 months (mean 40, range 6-74 months. Patients were treated using 4 operative approaches: fistulotomy, fistulectomy, seton placement and rectal advancement flap. Data analyzed included: age, gender, type of fistula, operative intervention, healing rate, postoperative complications, reinterventions and recurrence. Results Etiologies of fistulas were cryptoglandular (n = 218, Crohn's disease (n = 26 and Ulcerative Colitis (n = 3. Fistulae were classified as simple -intersphincteric 57 (23%, low transphincteric 28 (11% and complex -high transphicteric 122 (49%, suprasphincteric 2 (0.8%, extrasphinteric 2 (0.8%, recto-vaginal 7 (2.8% Crohn 26 (10% and UC 3 (1.2%. The most common surgical procedure was the placement of seton (62%, usually applied in case of complex fistulae and Crohn's patients. Eighty-five patients (34% underwent fistulotomy, mainly for intersphincteric and mid/low transphincteric tracts. Crohn's patients were submitted to placement of one or more loose setons. The main treatment successfully eradicated the primary fistula tract in 151/247 patients (61%. Three cases of major incontinence (1.3% were detected during the follow-up period; Furthermore, three patients complained minor incontinence that was successfully treated by biofeedback and permacol injection into the internal anal sphincter. Conclusions This prospective audit demonstrates an high proportion of complex anal fistulae treated by

  11. Posttraumatic nonunion of the clavicle in a 13-year-old boy causing an arteriovenous fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feiran Wu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Fractures of the clavicle are one of the most common injuries to the bone in childhood, but posttraumatic nonunion of pediatric clavicle fractures are extremely rare, with only isolated reports in literature. Case Report: We report a case of a posttraumatic painful nonunion of a clavicle fracture in a 13-year-old boy that caused symptomatic compression of the external jugular vein (EJV and the formation of an arteriovenous fistula. The fracture was treated successfully with open reduction and internal fixation with a contoured recon plate 6 months following the injury. The fistula was treated by ligation and closure. Conclusion: The patient made a full recovery 6 months following surgery and was asymptomatic with full range of shoulder movement. Fracture union was confirmed by computed tomography (CT scanning and no residual fistula was found.

  12. Passage of nasogastric tube through tracheo-esophageal fistula into stomach: A rare event.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamble, Ravikiran Shankar; Gupta, Rahulkumar; Gupta, Abhaya; Kothari, Paras; Dikshit, K Vishesh; Kesan, Krishnakumar; Mudkhedkar, Kedar

    2014-07-16

    Esophageal atresia with tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TEF) occurs in 1 in 3500 live births. Anorectal malformation is found to be associated with 14% of TEF. Esophageal atresia with TEF is a congenital anomaly which classically presents as excessive frothing from the mouth and respiratory distress. Rarely gastric position of the feeding tube in a case of TEF can be obtained delaying the diagnosis of TEF. We had an uncommon situation where a nasogastric tube reached the stomach through the trachea and tracheo-esophageal fistula, leading to misdiagnosis in a case of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula. By using a stiff rubber catheter instead of a soft feeding tube for the diagnosis of esophageal atresia and TEF, such situation can be avoided.

  13. Sentinel Bleeding as a Sign of Gastroaortic Fistula Formation after Oesophageal Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Uittenbogaart

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastroaortic fistula formation is a very rare complication following oesophageal resection and, in most cases, leads to sudden death. We report the case of a 65-year-old male with an adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by a minimally invasive transthoracic oesophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction and intrathoracic anastomosis. After an uneventful postoperative course and hospital discharge, the patient reported blood regurgitation on postoperative day 23. Endoscopy revealed an adherent blood clot on the oesophageal wall, which after dislocation caused exsanguination. Autopsy determined the cause of death being massive haemorrhage due to a gastroaortic fistula. The sudden onset of haemorrhage makes this condition particularly difficult to treat. Recognition of warning signs such as thoracic or epigastric pain, regurgitation of blood, or the passing of bloody stools or melena is crucial in the early detection of fistula and may improve patient outcome.

  14. Chyle Fistula after Neck Dissection for an Unusual Breast Cancer Recurrence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlak, Ali; Karahatay, Serdar; Onguru, Onder; Mentes, Oner; Gerek, Mustafa; Tufan, Turgut

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Chyle fistula is one of the rare complications of neck dissections. Even though no consented algorithm for the management of this entity has been established yet, conservative treatment options including somatostatin analogues have been suggested as an adequate modality for low output fistulas. CASE REPORT: Here we present a patient with a right-sided neck fistula which was resistant to conventional treatment, and was finally treated by surgery. The neck dissection was performed for a malignant right neck mass that was accepted as the lymph node metastasis of formerly treated papillary thyroid carcinoma. The pathology of the specimen revealed a contralateral neck metastasis of previously treated breast carcinoma. CONCLUSION: We assume that consecutive surgeries on axillary and neck lymph pathways resulted in such a complicated and exceptional case. PMID:21076608

  15. Tracheoesophageal fistula associated with paracoccidioidomicosis

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    Antonio Carlos Nogueira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic fungal disease caused byParacoccidioides brasiliensis, agent geographically distributed to certainareas of Central and South America. The infection by P. brasiliensis hasbeen reported from north Mexico to south Argentina. Paracoccidioidomycosispresents similar clinical findings of many other diseases whatever in acute or chronic scenarios. Chronic pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis is frequentlymisdiagnosed as malignancy or tuberculosis. The authors present a caseof a 57 year-old man admitted to the hospital due to a chronic consumptivesyndrome. He underwent anti-tuberculous treatment with rifampin, isoniazid andpyrazinamide 1 year ago without resolution of the simptoms. During the clinicalinvestigation, pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis with tracheoesophagealfistula was diagnosed. The systemic infection was treated with deoxicolate Bamphotericin followed by sulfametoxazole and trimetoprin due to acute renalfunction impairment. The fistula was endoscopically treated; inittialy with theprotection of left main bronchus with a tracheal prosthesis followed by theesophageal fistula’s ostium clipping.

  16. Multiple Coronary–Cameral Fistulae in the Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery Causing Angina Pectoris: A Clinical Case and the State of the Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musuraca G

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available CLINICAL CASE A 82-year-old man with hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and glucidic intolerance, presented with angina pectoris upon exertion. The vital signs were normal. Echocardiography showed normal left ventricular (LV ejection fraction, non-critical aortic valvular stenosis and LV diastolic dysfunction. Rest and stress myocardial echocardiography showed a reversible abnormal septal-wall motion. Therefore, an initial diagnosis of possible coronary artery disease was made. Coronary arteriography showed no atherosclerotic lesions in the 3 major coronary arteries; however, in the anterior descending artery a communication with the right ventricle (RV cavity through ve small, di use stulae was detected (Figure 1 and 2, resulting in complete RV contrast opaci cation. The patient was stabilised on medical therapy because he refused any further invasive therapy.

  17. Fístula carótido-cavernosa com epistaxe letal: relato de caso Carotid-cavernous fistula with lethal epistaxis: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Rover Borba; Ildo Sonda; Leandro Infantini Dini; Fernando Nora Calcagnotto; Nicole Marchett; Paula Cristina Cobalchini

    2001-01-01

    A fístula carótido-cavernosa é uma comunicação patológica entre a artéria carótida interna e o seio cavernoso. Apresentamos o caso de um paciente de 32 anos de idade com fístula carótido-cavernosa devida a traumatismo crânio-encefálico. O tratamento preconizado é a embolização mas neste caso em especial houve falha devido às características próprias da fístula, e o paciente progrediu de maneira desfavorável evoluindo ao óbito por epistaxe incontrolável.We report the case of a 32 years old mal...

  18. Radiology in cutaneous sinuses and fistulae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In patients with cutaneous openings, sinograph and fistulography an usually performed. Fistulae in the head/neck region and perineum are seldom life-threatening while enterocutaneous fistulae involving the small bowel can be a serious threat due to loss of fluid. Radiology contributes to the preoperative examination of these patients. Fistulography outlines communications to the gastrointestinal tract, pleura, joints and other underlying crucial structures. Involved bowel segments are further demonstrated with barium examination. (orig.)

  19. Radiology in cutaneous sinuses and fistulae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sundgren-Borgstroem, P.; Ekberg, O.; Lasson, A.

    1988-12-01

    In patients with cutaneous openings, sinograph and fistulography an usually performed. Fistulae in the head/neck region and perineum are seldom life-threatening while enterocutaneous fistulae involving the small bowel can be a serious threat due to loss of fluid. Radiology contributes to the preoperative examination of these patients. Fistulography outlines communications to the gastrointestinal tract, pleura, joints and other underlying crucial structures. Involved bowel segments are further demonstrated with barium examination.

  20. MRI IN THE EVALUATION OF PERIANAL FISTULAS

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    Gururaj

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Perianal fistulae though uncommon , can be quite distressing to the patient. Correct surgical management requires accurate pre - operative assessment and grading of this condition. MRI is now considered the modality of choice in the pre - operative assessment of perianal fistulae. We did a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent MR imaging for perianal fistulae in our institution , and compared it with the surg ical findings. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of MRI in the pre - operative grading of perianal fistulae. A total of 32 patients were included in this study. Of these , 12(37% had type 1 intersphincteric , 8(25% had type 2 intersphincteric , 6(18% had type 3 transsphincteric , 4(12% had type 4 transphincteric , and 2(6% showed supra - levator extension. MRI was able to correctly grade the fistulous tract in 30 of these 32 patients , giving an accuracy of 94%. MRI was found to b e extremely useful in the pre - operative assessment of perianal fistulae. It helps in correctly classifying the fistulae and to detect hidden or deep seated tracts or abscesses which would have been otherwise missed. Thus , it is useful in selecting the most appropriate surgical procedure , thereby reducing the chances of recurrence and to avoid complications such as fecal incontinence from occurring.

  1. Coated metal stents installation for the treatment of malignant tumors complicated with colonic and rectal fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To probe the clinical features of malignant colonic and rectal tumors together with coated metal stent placement. Methods: 24 cases of colonic fistula with late stage malignant tumors including 16 cases of intestinal cancer(66.7%), 2 cases of gastric and cervical cancers respectively(8.3%); 1 case of bladder, 1 case of prostate, 1 case of ovary and 1 case of gallbladder cancer(4.2%). The cause for the fistulas were direct invasion (37.5% )and radiotherapy (62.5%). The KPS was 30-60, and the median value was 40. CT were done preoperatively and followed by radiography of canulation contrast medium enema to ensure the location of the orifice of the fistula, the route of intestinal canal or complicated with obstruction and the condition with nearby tissues. Stents were finally implanted specifically according to the different situations of intestines. The sites of implanted stents and the occlusion of fistula should be strictly scrutinized; and then with careful follow up of patients complications and general condition. The procedure was carried out practically in 23 cases. Results: The successful rate of technique reached 96%(22/23), the failed one was due to the curve over sharpness of intestinal lock and resulting in non-expansion of the stent. The clinical successful rate was 91.3%. The two failed cased included the one with improper coherence to the intestinal wall leading to the stent migration and the other with a mild leakage after stent placement. The follow-up duration were 28-365 days, average 109 days, and the median value was 92 days. The average surviving period of 3 months and 6 months were 51% and 11% respectively. Conclusion: Intestinal fistula is the common complication after intestinal tumor operation and radiotherapy with poor prognosis. Metal covered stents provide a therapy of choice to improve the life quality and prolong the life span. (authors)

  2. Carotid-cavernous fistula caused by laceration of persistent fetal trigeminal artery treated with single catheter coil embolization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin L Brown

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the endovascular treatment of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula from persistent fetal trigeminal artery (PFTA laceration. To date, there are six such cases of traumatic PFTA-cavernous fistulas reported in the literature. These injuries can pose a unique challenge in that rupture of a PFTA in its course through the cavernous sinus may produce a fistula feeding from both anterior and posterior circulations. Previously, these have been treated with dual catheter coil embolization from the carotid and basilar systems. We utilize a single catheter technique accessing the cavernous sinus through the origin of the PFTA on the internal carotid. Both anterior and posterior fistula components may be embolized through this single access. This represents a simple yet safe treatment option.

  3. COMPLETE BRANCHIAL FISTULAS MANAGED BY COMBINED ‘TRANSCERVICAL’, ‘TRANSORAL’ APPROACH IN A MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL.

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    Ravishankar B

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background/ objectives: Branchial arch anomalies form 20% of the congenital head and neck lesions and differ in their management depending on the arch involved. As all these anomalies are managed surgically accurate surgical anatomy is essential as it should be tailored to the lesion involved like it being a cyst, sinus or a fistula. Materials and methods: 11 cases of complete branchial fistula were excised by the combined approach. 6 were females and 5 males, with average age group of 9.09 years and 3 were left sided and 8 right sided. Classical transcervical approach with double incisions at the fistula and hyoid and transoral avulsion of fistula with tonsillectomy done under general anaesthesia in all cases. Results:The average length of the fistula was 7.27 cms. The patients were followed up monthly for six months and later 6 monthly for 2 years. No recurrence were seen on 6-94 months of follow-up with an average follow-up of 43 months. Conclusion:Combined transcervical transoral approach is the conventional procedure of choice for complete branchial fistulas. This approach with no recurrence rates can be made scarless with meticulous tensionless dermal suturing and best skin approximation.

  4. Glaucoma secundário à fístula carótido-cavernosa espontânea com resolução após a embolização da fístula: relato de caso Secondary glaucoma following carotid cavernous fistula resolved after fistula's embolization: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo Jarczun Kac; Sansão Isaac Kac; Arlete Gonçalves dos Santos Martins

    2010-01-01

    Fístulas carótido-cavernosas espontâneas são raras e ocorrem mais frequentemente em mulheres de meia-idade. Os autores relatam um caso de uma fístula carótido-cavernosa espontânea em mulher idosa evoluindo com glaucoma de difícil controle. Após a embolização cirúrgica da fístula a paciente apresentou regressão da sintomatologia e normalização da pressão intraocular.Spontaneous carotid cavernous fistulas are a rare entity occurring more frequently in middle aged women. The authors report a cas...

  5. [Our experience with the treatment of high perianal fistulas with the mucosal flap advancement technique].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marino, Giuseppe; Greco, Ettore; Gasparrini, Marcello; Romanzi, Aldo; Ottaviani, Maurizio; Nasi, Stefano; Pasquini, Giorgio

    2004-01-01

    The authors present their experience with the treatment of high transphincteric anal fistulas with the mucosal flap advancement technique. This technique, though by no means easy to perform, allows fistulas to be treated in a single surgical session in comparison to the technique in which setone is used or to the less well known transposition techniques, given the same long-term results in terms of continence and recurrence rate. After a brief overview of the problem, from the points of view of both aetiopathogenesis and classification, the principal surgical treatment techniques are described, presenting the results and complications observed in the authors' own case series. PMID:15038659

  6. Successful Multistaged Surgical Management of Secondary Aortoesophageal Fistula With Graft Infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afifi, Rana O; Mushtaq, Harith H; Sandhu, Harleen K; Khalil, Kamal; Safi, Hazim J; Estrera, Anthony L

    2016-06-01

    Secondary aortoenteric fistula is a rare and dreaded complication of aortic graft replacement. This case demonstrates successful management of a patient with thoracic aortic graft infection resulting in aortoesophageal fistula and the feasibility of combined endovascular approach as a temporary measure to stabilize the patient in extremis, followed by a definitive surgical repair. The patient had a remote history of descending aortic repair and an emergent thoracic endovascular aortic repair for upper gastrointestinal bleeding 2 months ago. We performed a three-staged operation involving extraanatomic bypass, total infected aortic graft excision, and primary closure of the esophageal perforation with muscle flap coverage, from which he eventually recovered.

  7. Endovascular management of an acquired aortobronchial fistula following aortic bypass for coarctation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Sullivan, Katie E

    2013-09-20

    Aortobronchial fistula (ABF) in the setting of aortic coarctation repair is very rare but uniformly fatal if untreated. Endovascular stenting of the descending aorta is now the first-choice approach for ABF presenting with haemoptysis and offers a less-invasive technique with improved outcomes, compared with open repair. We report a case of late ABF occurring following bypass for aortic coarctation. Management focused on two key manoeuvres: use of a covered endovascular stent to occlude the aortic bypass thus controlling the fistula and dilatation and stenting of native coarctation.

  8. Arteriovenous fistula and pseudoaneurysm as complications of renal biopsy treated with percutaneous intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Wen-xia; WANG Hui-fang; MA Jun; HAN Hong-jie

    2010-01-01

    @@ Symptomatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with pseudoaneurysm after percutaneous renal biopsy is an uncommon anomaly, occurring from 0.34% to 6.3%.1Most of these vascular lesions are of little clinical importance. However, severe bleeding,2 persistent hematuria, or acute urinary retention may occur, requiring treatment. Here we report a case of gross hematuria and acute urinary retention after renal biopsy in a male patient.An arteriovenous fistula with pseudoaneurysm was detected by renal ultrasound, confirmed by angiography and then successfully treated by transcatheter arterial embolization3 without damage to renal parenchyma.

  9. Nephrocutaneous fistula as the initial manifestation of asymptomatic nephrolithiasis: A call for radical management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raman Tanwar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Renal stones are a common affliction presenting in an acute setting. We report a case of asymptomatic renal stone in an elderly gentleman presenting initially as a discharging lumbar sinus managed by subcapsular nephrectomy and radical excision of the fistula tract. Nephrocutaneous fistula is most commonly associated with tuberculosis, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, and rarely with complicated calyceal stones, and its occurrence with asymptomatic pelvic stones is rare. We present the points in favor of radical open surgery in the management of such patients.

  10. Endoscopic fibrin glue injection for closure of pancreatocutaneous fistula following transgastric endoscopic necrosectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Woong Jang; Do Hyun Park; Sung-Hoon Moon; Sang Soo Lee; Dong Wan Seo; Sung Koo Lee; Myung-Hwan Kim

    2008-01-01

    Transgastric endoscopic necrosectomy has been recently introduced as the effective and alternative management of infected pancreatic necrosis and pancreatic abscess. However, up to 40% of patients who undergo endoscopic necrosectomy may need an additional percutaneous approach for subsequent peripancreatic fluid collection or non-resolution of pancreatic necrosis. This percutaneous approach may lead to persistent pancreatocutaneous fistula, which remains a serious problem and usually requires prolonged hospitalization, or even open-abdominal surgery. We describe the first case of pancreatocutaneous fistula and concomitant abdominal wall defect following transgastric endoscopic necrosectomy and percutaneous drainage, which were endoscopically closed with fibrin glue injection via the necrotic cavity.

  11. Endovascular management of an acquired aortobronchial fistula following aortic bypass for coarctation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Katie E; Bolster, Ferdia; Lawler, Leo P; Hurley, John

    2014-01-01

    Aortobronchial fistula (ABF) in the setting of aortic coarctation repair is very rare but uniformly fatal if untreated. Endovascular stenting of the descending aorta is now the first-choice approach for ABF presenting with haemoptysis and offers a less-invasive technique with improved outcomes, compared with open repair. We report a case of late ABF occurring following bypass for aortic coarctation. Management focused on two key manoeuvres: use of a covered endovascular stent to occlude the aortic bypass thus controlling the fistula and dilatation and stenting of native coarctation.

  12. Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula: A rare and late presentation in adult patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waseem M Hajjar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital H-type tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF in adults is a rare presentation and can test the diagnostic acumen of a surgeon, endoscopist, and the radiologist. These undetected fistulas may present as chronic lung disease of unknown origin because repeated aspirations can lead to recurrent lung infections and bronchiectasis. Congenital TEFs should be considered in the diagnosis of infants and young adults with recurrent respiratory distress and/or infections. Here, we present the successful management of this rare case in an adult patient.

  13. Mucinous Adenocarcinoma Arising in Chronic Perianal Fistula: Good Results with Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy Followed by Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa D. Santos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic perianal fistulas are a common clinical condition. However, their evolution to adenocarcinoma is rare. We report the case of a 48-year-old man with perianal chronic fistulas, who developed two perianal ulcerated lesions near the external orifices of the fistulas, which extended proximally as a pararectal tumor. No intestinal lesion was seen at endoscopic examination. Histopathological biopsy indicated mucinous adenocarcinoma. Staging was performed by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and thoracoabdominal CT scan. The patient underwent a laparoscopic colostomy followed by neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and then laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection followed by adjuvant therapy. We have seen a favorable outcome with no recurrence at 3 years of follow-up.

  14. Effects of barium sulfate as a contrast medium to enterocutaneous fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fistulation following thoracic and epigastric interventions are conservatively treated, as a rule, because of the high rate of complications expected from reoperation. With properly functioning anastomotic transit, insufficiencies usually undergo spontaneous healing, within four to six weeks. Enterocutaneous fistulae developed in 29 of 271 patients with intrathoracic oesophagastric or oesophagojejunal anastomosis. Syringeal ramification into pleural or abdominal cavities were eliminated by means of an absorbable contrast medium, before barium sulphate was orally administered to all patients. Thoracic fistulae were closed after 21.8 days on average, while 20.3 days was the average period required for closure of epigastric fistulae. Barium sulphate was found to stimulate fistular tissue granulation, so that obliteration of the fistular system occurred much sooner, as compared to conservative treatment. The patient's quality of life can thus be improved, and hospitalisation can be shortened. Neither locally delimited nor systemic complications were observed in any of the cases described. (author)

  15. Percutaneous treatment of thrombosed native arteriovenous dialysis fistula insufficiency: efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy with using the stone basket

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Hwan; Ko, Sung Min; Kim, Mi Jung; Kwon, Jung Hyeok; Sohn, Cheol Ho; Choi, Jin Soo; Park, Kyung Sik [Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Joo [Andong General Hospital, Andon (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-06-15

    We wanted to evaluate the procedural success after percutaneous treatment of thrombosed native arteriovenous dialysis fistula insufficiency and the efficacy of performing mechanical thrombectomy with using the stone basket. From March 2004 to June 2005, 36 thrombosed native hemodialysis access shunts in the upper limbs (brachiocephalic fistulas: 16 and radiocephalic fistulas: 20) were percutaneously treated in 30 patients. Declotting procedures were performed with using urokinase (100,00-200,000 unit) and manual catheter-directed thrombo-aspiration in all the patients. Angioplasty (6 mm in diameter and 4 cm in length) was performed at the identified area of the stenosis and /or with maceration of the thrombus. In 14 cases with massive thrombosis that was refractory to the above mentioned declotting procedures, mechanical thrombectomy with using a Wittich nitinol stone basket (Cook, Bloomington, IN) was performed. Data regarding the procedural success rate and the patency rate were analyzed by means of Fischer's exact test, and the Kaplan-Meier method with the Log-rank test was used for statistical inter-group comparisons between the brachiocephalic and radiocephalic fistulas. Successful declotting and restoration of thrill were achieved in 30 of 36 procedures (83%). Reestablishment of normal dialysis for at least one session was achieved in 29 of 36 procedures (81%). The procedural success rate for the brachiocephalic fistulas was 94% compared with 70% for the radiocephalic fistulas, but the difference was not statistically significant ({rho} = 0.104). In the cases with performing mechanical thrombectomy and using the stone basket, procedural success was achieved in 93% (13/14). The expected patency rates at 3, 6 and 12 months were 78%, 61% and 51%, respectively. The patency rates after declotting procedures were not significantly different between the brachiocephalic and radiocephlaic fistulas ({rho} = 0.871). Percutaneous treatment of thrombosed native

  16. Intracranial dural arterio-venous fistula presenting with progressive myelopathy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ogbonnaya, Ebere Sunny

    2011-01-01

    Spinal dural arterio-venous fistula (DAVF) is rare and usually involves the thoracic segments. The classical presentation is a slowly progressive ataxia. Clinical presentation of intracranial DAVF depends on the site of the DAVF, as well as the vessels involved. Patients may present with pulsatile tinnitus, occipital bruit, headache, dementia, visual impairment as well as neurological deterioration distant from the DAVF as a result of venous hypertension and cortical haemorrhage. The authors present a rare case of progressive myelopathy secondary to an intracranial DAVF.

  17. Traumatic subclavian arteriovenous fistula in a young adult

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The case report of a 23 year-old patient who was admitted to the General Surgery Service of 'Saturnino Lora Torres' Provincial Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital in Santiago de Cuba with the diagnosis of traumatic pneumothorax is described, as consequence of stab wounds in the right anterior and superior region of the thorax; but then, after 48 hours, a right subclavian arteriovenous fistula, which was proven by means of x ray was diagnosed. The postoperative clinical course was favorable and the patient was discharged after 11 days, completely asymptomatic. His working activities began 2 months later.(author)

  18. Renoduodenal Fistula After Transcatheter Embolization of Renal Angiomyolipoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheth, Rahul A. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology (United States); Feldman, Adam S. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery (United States); Walker, T. Gregory, E-mail: tgwalker@partners.org [Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2015-02-15

    Transcatheter embolization of renal angiomyolipomas is a routinely performed, nephron-sparing procedure with a favorable safety profile. Complications from this procedure are typically minor in severity, with postembolization syndrome the most common minor complication. Abscess formation is a recognized but uncommon major complication of this procedure and is presumably due to superinfection of the infarcted tissue after arterial embolization. In this case report, we describe the formation of a renoduodenal fistula after embolization of an angiomyolipoma, complicated by intracranial abscess formation and requiring multiple percutaneous drainage procedures and eventual partial nephrectomy.

  19. Metastatic melanoma to the small bowel complicated by fistula formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nausheen Khan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Malignant melanoma (MM is an unpredictable tumour that can metastasise to any organ, and is well known for its widespread dissemination. The incidence of metastases to the gastro-intestinal (GI tract is well documented; this, however, is a late manifestation of the disease with an overall poor prognosis. Most GI metastases are asymptomatic and are only discovered on postmortem, with the majority in the small bowel. The presenting symptoms are usually of obstruction or intussusception; GI bleeding is also common. Fistula formation with the small bowel is rare; ours is believed to be the second case documented.

  20. Imaging diagnosis of dural and direct cavernous carotid fistulae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Daniela dos; Monsignore, Lucas Moretti; Nakiri, Guilherme Seizem; Cruz, Antonio Augusto Velasco e; Colli, Benedicto Oscar; Abud, Daniel Giansante, E-mail: danisantos2404@gmail.com [Universidade de Sao Paulo (HCFMRP/USP), Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Hospital das Clinicas

    2014-07-15

    Arteriovenous fistulae of the cavernous sinus are rare and difficult to diagnose. They are classified into dural cavernous sinus fistulae or direct carotid-cavernous fistulae. Despite the similarity of symptoms between both types, a precise diagnosis is essential since the treatment is specific for each type of fistula. Imaging findings are remarkably similar in both dural cavernous sinus fistulae and carotid-cavernous fistulae, but it is possible to differentiate one type from the other. Amongst the available imaging methods (Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography), angiography is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis and classification of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. The present essay is aimed at didactically presenting the classification and imaging findings of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. (author)

  1. The pattern of non-obstetric fistula: A Cameroonian experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Marie Tebeu

    2014-09-01

    Conclusion: UGF fistula is the main type of NOGF in Cameroonian context, with hysterectomy being the leading cause. Proper knowledge on NOGF will enable better strategies to fight against genital fistula.

  2. Congenital esophageal atresia with tracheo-esophageal fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rhee, Chung Sik [Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1970-10-15

    Three cases of esophageal atresia with tracheo-esophageal fistula. 1). Case 1: A female infant birth Wt. 1.95 kg , Apgar Score 10, Skeletal anomalies, was delivered after a pregnancy compeicated by hydroamnious on Aug. 17, 1970. The family history was not contributory. 2) Case 2: A male infant birth Wt. 2.8 kg , Apgar Score 8, was forcep delivered after a pregnancy on Feb. 8, 1970. This infant is twin. The family history was not contributory. 3) Case 3: A female infant birth Wt. 2.22 kg , Apgar Score 10, was C-section after a pregnancy on May, 16. 1970. The family history was not contributory. All cases: After 24 hours 5% glucose solution was given and immediately vomited and some of it regurgitating through the nose and mouth with associated cyanosis and dyspnea. A catheter was inserted through the nose into the esophagus under diagnosis of the esophageal atresia.

  3. Pneumobilia,chronic diarrhea,vitamin K malabsorption:A pathognomonic triad for cholecystocolonic fistulas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Savvoula Savvidou; John Goulis; Alexandra Gantzarou; George Ilonidis

    2009-01-01

    Cholecystocolonic fistula (CF) is an uncommon type of internal biliary-enteric fistulas,which comprise rare complications of cholelithiasis and acute cholecystitis,with a prevalence of about 2% of all biliary tree diseases.We report a case of a spontaneous CF in a 75-year-old diabetic male admitted to hospital for the investigation of chronic watery diarrhea and weight loss.Massive pneumobilia demonstrated on abdominal ultrasound and computerized tomography,along with chronic,bile acid-induced diarrhea and a prolonged prothrombin time due to vitamin K malabsorption,led to the clinical suspicion of the fistula.Despite further investigation with barium enema and magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography,diagnosis of the fistulous tract between the gallbladder and the hepatic flexure of the colon could not be established preoperatively.Open cholecystectomy with fistula resection and exploration of the common bile duct was the preferred treatment of choice,resulting in an excellent postoperative clinical course.The incidence of biliary-enteric fistulas is expected to increase due to the parallel increase of iatrogenic interventions to the biliary tree with the use of endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography and the increased rate of cholecystectomies performed.Taking into account that advanced imaging techniques fail to demonstrate the fistulas tract in half of the cases,and that CFs usually present with non-specific symptoms,our report could assist physicians to keep a high index of clinical suspicion for an early and valid diagnosis of a CF.

  4. Spontaneous pneumothorax due to bronchopleural fistula following reirradiation for locoregionally recurrent squamous cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ota, Takayo; Suzumura, Tomohiro; Sugiura, Takamune; Hasegawa, Yoshikazu; Yonesaka, Kimio; Makihara, Masaru; Tsukuda, Hiroshi; Tada, Takuhito; Fukuoka, Masahiro

    2016-05-01

    Spontaneous pneumothorax following radiotherapy for pulmonary malignancy is an unusual clinical condition. Here, we report a case of a 78-year-old male suffering from dyspnea during radiotherapy for squamous cell lung cancer of the right main bronchus. Imaging studies and fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed that pneumothorax was due to a bronchopleural fistula. PMID:27190612

  5. Percutaneous embolization of arteriovenous fistulas of the external carotid and vertebral arteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The angiographic study of eight patients with nine arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) in the cervico-cranial area, seven in branches of the external carotid artery and two in the extracranial vertebral artery, is presented. The therapeutical strategy for these lesions is discussed, especially regarding the embolic agent to be used in each case. (M.A.C.)

  6. Transvenous embolization of a dural arteriovenous fistula of the laterocavernous sinus through the pterygoid plexus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a novel access for transvenous embolization of a dural arteriovenous fistula of the laterocavernous sinus through the external jugular vein and the pterygoid plexus. The anatomy of the laterocavernous sinus is reviewed, and its clinical implications discussed in light of the case of a patient whose management was modified after identifying this anatomical variation. (orig.)

  7. Percutaneous closure of congenital aortocaval fistula with a coexisting secundum atrial septal defect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Loh, Poay Huan; Jensen, Tim; Søndergaard, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Congenital aortocaval fistula is a very rare anomaly. Clinically, it resembles conditions that cause left-to-right shunt of blood. We report a case of such anomaly in combination with a secundum atrial septal defect in a 13-month-old girl who presented with failure to thrive and exertional respir...

  8. Broncho pleuro subcutaneous fistula with subcutaneous emphysema: A rare presentation of pulmonary tuberculosis

    OpenAIRE

    Saxena, Mukul; Shameem, Mohammad; Bhargava, Rakesh; Baneen, Ummul; Alam, Mohd Mazhar; Fatima, Nazish

    2012-01-01

    Subcutaneous tissue emphysema is observed in a several clinical settings but spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema in the absence of pneumothorax with broncho pleuro subcutaneous fistula is rare. We report a case of spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema secondary to cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis in the absence of pneumothorax.

  9. Cholecysto-Colonic Fistula: A Rare Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Gompertz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A 72 year old female was referred by her general practitioner (GP on the urgent two- week waiting list with a history of weight loss, diarrhoea and a mass on the right upper quadrant with a possible underlying malignancy. She had a recent history of jaundice of one month’s duration. She was otherwise fit and well. On examination, she was afebrile, icteric, abdomen was soft, non-tender with fullness and possible mass in the right upper quadrant.

  10. Changes in aetiological determinants of urinary fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Prosper E. Gharoro; Chukwunwendu A. Okonkwo

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Objective: To investigate the localization and aetiological factors associated with urinary fistulae at the University Teaching Hospital in Benin-City, Nigeria. Methods: Records on 96 patients treated by the authors at the gynaecological ward of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin-City, Nigeria between January 1997 and December 2006 were analyzed. Information extracted and analyzed included data on socio-biological, demographic, and obstetric event of the antecedent pregnancy. Results: The average age of patients with vesico-vaginal fistula(VVF) was 34 years with a mean parity of 3. The various mean values for patients' height, weight and body mass index (BMI) were 1.58m, 58.29kg and 24.13 respectively. The majority (92.7%) of fistulas are obstetric in origin. While 5.21% were due to total abdominal hysterectomy and 2.08% due to post irradiation for advanced gynecological malignancy. 53(55.21%) patients had obstetric operative interventions (Forceps or vacuum extraction, and or caesarean section). Caesarean section contributed 23.96% to the total figure. Juxta-cervical fistula was the most frequent, next mid vagina and followed by vesico-uterine (32. 98%, 24.4% and 19.15% respectively).Conclusion: Obstetric surgical intervention by care providers is a major cause of VVF formation with particular reference to Caesarean section. Vesico-uterine fistulas are on the increase.

  11. Effects of arteriovenous fistulas on cardiac oxygen supply and demand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, W.J.W.; Zietse, R.; Wesseling, K.H.; Westerhof, N.

    1999-01-01

    Background. Arteriovenous (AV) fistulas used for hemodialysis access may affect cardiac load by increasing the preload while decreasing the afterload. In dogs, AV fistulas have also been shown to affect coronary perfusion negatively. We investigated the net effect of AV fistulas on cardiac oxygen su

  12. Formation of a vesicovaginal fistula in a pig model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Jennifer; Rickardsson, Emilie; Andersen, Margrethe;

    2015-01-01

    the bladder and the vagina was made, and the mucosa between them was sutured together with absorbable sutures. A durometer ureteral stent was introduced into the fistula, secured with sutures to the bladder wall, allowing for the formation of a persistent fistula tract. Six weeks postoperatively cysto...... be an effective and cheap way to create a fistula between the bladder and vagina....

  13. 手术治疗小儿后天性肛前瘘%Surgical Treatment of Acquired Rectovestibular Fistula in Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭思齐

    1984-01-01

    From April,1979 to October,1983,40 female cases of acquired recto.vestibular fistula were treated surgically by the author.Analysis and comparison between the two operations-fistula repair(used in 20 cases) and fistula backward remove (used in 20 cases)-are furnished.It was found that,on the average,the recurrence was higher for fistula backward remove than that for fistula repair.On account of the recurrence and injury to the posterior symphysis of the perineum labia or to the corpus perineum,the author concludes that fistula repair is recommendable for acquired recto-vestlbular fistula in Childrens.Also discussed are the optimal time for operation and surgical approach.According.to the author,to ensure the success of the procedure described in this article,emphasis should be placed on:(1) correct recognition of indications,(2)preoperative preparations,(3) improvement of operative technique,(4) control of complications,and (5) active treatment of vulval dermatitis.%@@ 小儿后天性肛前瘘是肛瘘的特殊类型.乃因直肠肛门周围脓肿形成所致直肠阴道前庭组织压迫坏死,组织脱落形成瘘管.至于对本病手术治疗方式,各家有不同意见(1、2、4).

  14. Successful tubes treatment of esophageal fistula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Aim: To discuss the merits of "tubes treatment" for esophageal fistula (EF). Methods: A 66-year-old female who suffered from a bronchoesophageal and esophagothoratic fistula underwent a successful "three tubes treatment" (close chest drainage, negative pressure suction at the leak, and nasojejunal feeding tube), combination of antibiotics, antacid drugs and nutritional support. Another 55-year-old male patient developed an esophagopleural fistula (EPF) after esophageal carcinoma operation. He too was treated conservatively with the three tubes strategy as mentioned above towards a favorable outcome. Results:The two patients recovered with the tubes treatment, felt well and became able to eat and drink, presenting no complaint. Conclusion: Tubes treatment is an effective basic way for EF. It may be an alternative treatment option.

  15. Eguchipsammia fistula Microsatellite Development and Population Analysis

    KAUST Repository

    Mughal, Mehreen

    2012-12-01

    Deep water corals are an understudied yet biologically important and fragile ecosystem under threat from recent increasing temperatures and high carbon dioxide emissions. Using 454 sequencing, we develop 14 new microsatellite markers for the deep water coral Eguchipsammia fistula, collected from the Red Sea but found in deep water coral ecosystems globally. We tested these microsatellite primers on 26 samples of this coral collected from a single population. Results show that these corals are highly clonal within this population stemming from a high level of asexual reproduction. Mitochondrial studies back up microsatellite findings of high levels of genetic similarity. CO1, ND1 and ATP6 mitochondrial sequences of E. fistula and 11 other coral species were used to build phylogenetic trees which grouped E. fistula with shallow water coral Porites rather than deep sea L. Petusa.

  16. Vesico-appendiceal fistula in a mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix Fístula vésico-apendicular em adenocarcinoma mucinoso do apêndice

    OpenAIRE

    ORSO, Ivan R. B.; Rodrigo Ambar Pinto; Marcus FKP Ramos; Desidério Roberto Kiss; Roberto Iglesias Lopes; Marcello Cocuzza; José Luis Borges de Mesquita

    2008-01-01

    BACKGOUND: A rare case of vesicoappendiceal fistula secondary to mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix is presented. CASE REPORT: A 62-year-old man with a one year history of recurrent urinary tract infections. After two months he developed pneumaturia and fecaluria. An abdominal and pelvic computed tomography demonstrated a trans-mural mass in the posterior wall of the bladder with a vesicoenteric fistula leading to the terminal ileum. Laparotomy revealed a tumor arising from the appendix ...

  17. Gastro-bronchial fistula after laparoscopic nissen fundoplication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faraj, Walid; Khalifeh, Mohamad; Soweid, Asaad; Habli, Nader; Selmo, Francesca; Priest, Oliver; Jamali, Faek R

    2007-10-01

    Gastro-bronchial fistula (GBF) is an unusual complication of Nissen fundoplication, particularly when performed via a transabdominal approach. The mechanism of such fistula is thought to be related to a previously untreated ulcer in the mucosa of the wall of the gastric wrap or to a subclinical injury to the gastric wall during the process of division of the short gastric vessels and gastric mobilization. This process is greatly aided by herniation of the wrap into the chest in the postoperative period, placing the stomach in intimate contact with the bronchial tree. The diagnosis of GBF is often difficult to establish and requires a high index of suspicion. Most investigative studies tend to be unrevealing. Historically, an upper gastrointestinal series was the recommended study of choice in the literature. Newer reports, however, highlight the value and importance of upper endoscopy as a diagnostic tool in this condition. The majority of GBF were reported in the era of transthoracic Nissen fundoplication. The incidence of this complication seems to have markedly decreased after the widespread adoption of the transabdominal approach to the treatment of GERD. We are reporting the second case in the literature of a GBF developing after a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in a 28-year-old male patient. This case report should serve to increase awareness of this uncommon complication that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with recurrent pneumonia or refractory hemoptysis after major upper gastrointestinal surgical procedures.

  18. Rectourethral fistula: A rare complication of injection sclerotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raman Tanwar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the modern era, the incidence of rectourethral fistula (RUF has been on a rise due to an increasing number of surgeries being performed for prostatic carcinoma. Other causes of this condition still remain rare and their management differs from that of post prostatectomy RUF. We report a rare case of a young man who presented with leakage of urine per rectum 4 weeks after injection sclerotherapy for haemorrhoids. A Micturating Cystourethrogram/Retrograde Cystourethrogram revealed the presence of RUF arising at the level of prostrato-membranous urethra and the urine examination did not show any fecal contamination of urine. A fistula at the level or verumontanum along with stricture of the distal penile urethra was demonstrated on urethroscopy. The patient was successfully managed by dilatation of the stricture segment and urethral catheterization. RUF can rarely result from injection sclerotherapy and must be thoroughly evaluated. Cases which present early and have minimal contamination of urine by fecal contents can be conservatively managed with a simple Foleys catheterization for 4-6 weeks after ruling out any obstruction distal to the fistulous tract.

  19. Acute Deep Vein Thrombosis in Venous Aneurysm following Closure of the Chronic Traumatic Arteriovenous Fistulae of the Lower Extremities

    OpenAIRE

    Saranat Orrapin; Supapong Arworn; Kittipan Rerkasem

    2016-01-01

    Chronic traumatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) commonly results from an unrecognized vascular injury. In this report, there were two cases of chronic traumatic AVF of the legs with a long history of stab (case 1) and shotgun wounds (case 2). Both cases presented with varicose veins together with hyperpigmentation around the ankle of the affected leg. Angiograms showed a single large AVF in case 1, whereas, in case 2, there was a single large AVF together with multiple small AVFs. In both cases...

  20. Spontaneous Enterocutaneous Fistula 27-years Following Radiotherapy in a Patient of Carcinoma Penis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singhal Vinay

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Radiotherapy in the radical doses can produce severe and often irreversible damage to the gut in the form of fibrosis, necrosis and fistulae formation. A previous pelvic surgery makes the gut extra-vulnerable. This is on account of adhesions to the pelvic wall, unless special care is taken during surgery to keep it out of the harms way, during adjuvant radiotherapy. These effects range from acute, to sub acute and delayed chronic manifestations like in the reported case. Case report A spontaneous low out put enterocutaneous fistula in a 68-year-old man following surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy given 27 years back for carcinoma penis is reported. Patient is making a satisfactory progress after three years of follow-up. Conclusion High dose external beam radiotherapy is known to produce deleterious side effects ranging from mild radiation enteritis to the development of internal and external fistulae. The effects may be acute, subacute or chronic. Presentation as spontaneous enterocutaneous fistula 27 years after radiotherapy is rare.