WorldWideScience

Sample records for anvendt ved retsmedicinske

  1. Computertomografi anvendt ved retsmedicinske obduktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Christoffersen, Søren

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion: Billeddiagnostiske metoder er ved at vinde indpas ved retsmedicinske obduktioner. Her redegøres for vores erfaringer med computertomografi (CT) ved retslægelige dødsfald. Materiale og metoder: Retrospektiv dobbeltblindet undersøgelse af 150 afdøde mennesker som blev CT-scannet og ob...

  2. Anvendt 3D modellering og parametrisk formgivning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermund, Anders

    2011-01-01

    kreativitet i det parametriske system? Denne Ph.d. afhandling søger at skabe en teoretisk ramme, med henblik på at identificere og klarlægge nye potentialer for anvendt 3D modellering og parametrisk formgivningspraksis. Efter at have fået denne klarhed, er det nødvendigt at drøfte anvendelse og etik i de nye...... hjælpe med at identificere problemer og fordele, og fokusere på vigtigheden af at være i stand til at påvirke udviklingen af moderne 3D teknologier og systemer i en plausibel retning for kvaliteten af fremtidens arkitektoniske projekter. Forskningsspørgsmål er: Hvorledes kan en diagrammatisk metode sikre......Det felt der er opstået i Danmark i forbindelse med Building Information Modeling (BIM) og det digitale byggeri (DDB) – lovgivning om bygherrekrav og digital arbejdsmetode, kræver en løbende dialog for at sikre en succesfuld anvendelse i praksis. Arkitektonisk forskning på dette område kan derfor...

  3. Hør anvendt i økologisk daginstitution for Københavns Kommune

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2003-01-01

    Resume af rapport om hørisoering anvendt i en daginstitution opført for Københavns Kommune med økologiske byggematerialer, udarbejdet af Arkitema under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"  ...

  4. Halsgreb ved kampsport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind

    2015-01-01

    sider af halsen medfører tillukning af blodgennemstrømningen gennem både halspulsårerne og pulsårene ved halsrygsøjlen (arteriae vertebrales), hvorimod asymmetrisk tryk som regel tillader gennemstrømning af i det mindste den ene af pulsårene ved halsrygsøjlen, som forløber mere beskyttet i huller i...

  5. Ideudvikling ved kreativ innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejer Jakobsen, Henning; Rebsdorf, S.O.

    Med begrebsdefinitioner og en solid videnskabsteoretisk fundering viser "Ideudvikling ved kreativ innovation" både hvorfor kreativitet og innovation er vigtigt, men også hvordan systematisk ideudvikling er muligt. Begreberne perspektiveres ved en historisk og normativ anskuelse, der giver en bred...... og brugbar forståelse af hele skabelsesprocessen. Idestigen med Tanke - Ide - Løsning er hele grundlaget, og med introduktionen til Creative Idea Solution (CIS) gives læseren en konkret model for, hvordan en proces på grænsen af kaos kan blive til en kontrolleret forandringsproces. Det normative...

  6. Konkurrenceklausul ved majoritetssalg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2017-01-01

    Artiklen giver nogle enkle forslag til, hvordan en afbalanceret konkurrenceklausul ved majoritetssalg kan udtænkes, således at den kan overleve den krydsild, der kommer fra konkurrenceloven, aftaleloven og ansættelsesklausulloven. Det er artiklens grundlæggende tese, at den reelle majoritetssælger...

  7. Etiske betragtninger ved supervision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard; Agerskov, Kirsten

    2007-01-01

    Kapitlet præsenterer nogle etiske betragtninger ved supervision. Mens der længe har eksisteret etiske retningslinjer for psykoterapeutisk arbejde, har der overraskende nok manglet tilsvarende vejledninger på supervisionsområdet. Det betyder imidlertid ikke, at de ikke er relevante. I kapitlet gøres...

  8. Flere facetter ved informationskompetence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjer, Sidsel Fallesen

    2012-01-01

    Den relationelle tilgang til informationskompetence præsenteret af Christine Bruce rummer flere perspektiver for undervisning i informationskompetence. Ved hjælp af spørgeskemaundersøgelser, observationer og interviews afdækkes og analyseres hvilke opfattelser af informationskompetence, der kan i...

  9. Omkommet ved Brand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind

      Afhandlingen består af tre delundersøgelser. Den første undersøgelse er en hypotesegenererende case-only undersøgelse af branddødsfald i hele landet i 1953-57 og 1988-92. I de to perioder omkom henholdsvis136 og 362 personer ved brandulykker. Mange af de omkomne var alkoholpåvirkede eller handi...

  10. Supervisors interventioner ved parallelprocesser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen reflekterer over supervisors anvendelse af, holdning til og intervention ved parallelprocesser. Parallelprocesser betegner en række mere eller mindre forskellige fænomener, der alle har til fælles, at en relation eller et tema i det psykoterapeutiske forhold gentages i det supervisoriske...... forhold eller vice versa. Medens fænomenet er relativt velbeskrevet, findes der overraskende få betragtninger over, hvordan supervisor med fordel kan forholde sig hertil. På baggrund af en litteraturanalyse og ikke mindst inddragelse af et casestudie yder artiklen således et savnet bidrag til området og...... dermed også til den psykodynamiske supervisionsteori. En revideret version af en tidligere model for supervisors valg af foci anvendes bl.a. i et forsøg på at operationalisere nogle guidelines eller principper for supervisoriske interventioner, ligesom niveauet for supervisandernes faglige udvikling...

  11. Neurale Netværk anvendt indenfor Proceskontrol. Neural Network for Process Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Per Printz

    Dette projekt omhandler anvendelsen af neurale netværksmodeller til proceskontrol. Neurale netværksmodeller er simple modeller af de processer, der forløber i det biologiske neurale netværk. Det biologiske neurale netværk er det netværk af nerveceller, der tilsammen danner centralnervesystemet hos...... at generere indlærings- og testdata. Af de tre valgte netværkstyper er der kun Multi-Layer Perceptron nette, der e ranvendeligt til prediction og simulering af dynamiske systemer ud fra de opstillede koncepter og metoder. I sidste kapitel, omhandlende regulering, er der således også anvendt Multi......-Layer Perceptron net. Der er opstillet koncepter/metoder til såvel feedforward regulering som feedback regulering. Multi-Layer Perceptronen er i stand til at regulere et ulineært, multivariabelt og dynamisk system, således at der opnås følgende: 1. Systemet lineariseres således, at der opnås ensartet steprespons i...

  12. Epidemiologi ved korsryggsmerter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dag Magnar Soldal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Artikkelen belyser lave korsryggsmerter med eller uten utstråling. Livstidsprevalensen for lave ryggsmerter er høy, sannsynligvis opp mot 80%. På grunn av fravær fra arbeid, bruk av helsetjenester og produksjonstap fører rygglidelser til store kostnader for den enkelte og samfunnet. I 2004 var over 44000 personer uføretrygdet iNorge på grunn av rygglidelser, og rygglidelser er en av de viktigste enkeltårsaker til uføretrygd. Rygglidelser finnes i alle aldersgrupper, og er like hyppig hos unge og eldre. Vi finner spesifikke årsaker til lave ryggsmerter i mindre enn 15% av tilfellene. Hos 1-5% finner en malign sykdom, betennelsesaktig revmatisk sykdom, frakturereller skader. Hyppigste spesifikke årsak er skiveprolaps med nerverotsaffeksjon eller spinal stenose. Årsaken til uspesifikke rygglidelser mener vi i dag er multifaktorielle. Påvirkning av psykiske, sosiale og kulturelle faktorer kan føre til at tilstanden blir langvarig og tilbakevendende selv om mulige primære biologiske årsaker etter hvert har mindre betydning. En del faktorer som røyking, betydelig overvekt, mye løfting, vridning, ensformig arbeid, helkroppsvibrasjon, samt mistrivsel i jobbsituasjonen er vist å henge sammen med økt rapportering av symptomer. For samtlige av disse faktorene er assosiasjonene varierende og ikke sterke. Prognosen ved akutte ryggsmerter er vanligvis god. Studier viser at etter en måned var reduksjon i smerte og arbeidsuførhet på 58%, og at hele 82% var kommet tilbake i jobb. Etter ett år er mindre enn 5% sykmeldte. Likevel opplever opptil 20% betydelig funksjonsbegrensning pga. ryggsmerter etter ett år. Prognosen er noe dårligere hos pasienter med utstråling av smerter til beina. En rekke andre og ikke-ryggrelaterte faktorer som lav utdanning og lav sosioøkonomisk status karakteriserer personer med rygglidelser som faller ut av arbeidslivetLow back pain (LBP is a major reason for disability in Norway, and LBP therefore has great

  13. Behandlingsmuligheder ved xerostomi og hyposalivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Siri Beier; Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge

    2011-01-01

    Behandlingsmuligheder ved nedsat spytsekretion og xerostomi For at kunne iværksætte adækvat lindring og behandling af nedsat spytsekretion og xerostomi bør det tilstræbes, at den tilgrundliggende årsag i videst muligt omfang er forsøgt diagnosticeret. I en del tilfælde er det dog ikke muligt at u...

  14. Symposium i Anvendt Statistik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    resultater. Symposiet er denne gang inddelt i følgende sessioner: Arbejdsmarkedsøkonometri, Market Research I-II, Industriel Statistik, Statistiske Metoder, Surveys og Internetundersøgelser, Demografi og Finan-siel økonometri. Med symposiet tilstræbes det at skabe et forum for tværfaglig inspiration og...

  15. Identitetskonstruktion ved orientering mod medlemsbundne aktiviteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stæhr, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    identiteter ved at orientere sig mod medlemsbundne aktiviteter. Det interessante i denne forbindelse er, at jeg med mine data viser, at man øjensynligt ikke behøver at eksplicitere de medlemskategorier, vi caster hinanden i, for at opnå en forståelse af, hvilke kategorier der gøres relevante i interaktionen...

  16. Bio-Matematik ved Roskilde Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Johnny T.

    2010-01-01

    Ved Institut for Natur, Systemer og Modeller ved Roskilde Universitet finder man en velkonsolideret gruppe af forskere, BioMath-gruppen, der beskæftiger sig med Bio-Matematik og Bio-Medicinsk Modellering. Faktisk startede BioMath-gruppen på det tidligere Institut for Studiet af Matematik og Fysik...... findes i monografierne "Applied Mathematical Models in Human Physiology", "Mathematical Modeling in Medicine", og i "The Biomedical Engineering Handbook".   Arbejdet med at udvikle anæstesisimulatorerne satte gang i en mængde "sundhedsmatematik" på instituttet og i dag huser instituttet desuden phd......-programmet "Mathematical modeling and its mathematical prerequisites" ledet af undertegnet. Programmet er associeret med den nationale phd-skole "Research School for Mathematics and Applications".   BioMath-gruppens fokusområder er bl.a. 1) Kardiovaskulær fysiologi og dets kontrolmekanismer; 2) Fluiddynamik og klapløse...

  17. Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubart, Rikke

    2013-01-01

    Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones......Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones...

  18. Vurdering av strømforhold og partikkelspredning ved etablering av ny dypvannskai ved Rana Industriterminal

    OpenAIRE

    Staalstrøm, Andre; Kempa, Magdalena

    2015-01-01

    Det skal etableres en ny dypvannskai ved Rana Industriterminal, og i den forbindelse har NIVA gjort vurderinger av strømforhold i området og partikkelspredning i anleggsperioden. I denne rapporten er det tatt utgangspunkt i at 135 000 m³ med masse skal mudres opp. Det er videre antatt at 2 % av denne massen spres i Ranfjorden, og dette utgjør 1620 tonn tørr masse. Denne mengden tilsvarer den samme mengden partikler som kan tilføres fjorden fra Ranelva i løpet av en ukes tid, og anses ikke som...

  19. Cyberangreb vil blive ved med at koste kassen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørholst, Henrik

    2018-01-01

    Klumme. Oprydningen kostede næsten to mia. kr., da A.P. Møller-Mærsk sidste år blev udsat for et cyberangreb. En stribe andre virksomheder blev også ramt. Den ikoniske virksomhed klarede sig ved bl.a. at bruge WhatsApp og andre kommunikationskanaler.......Klumme. Oprydningen kostede næsten to mia. kr., da A.P. Møller-Mærsk sidste år blev udsat for et cyberangreb. En stribe andre virksomheder blev også ramt. Den ikoniske virksomhed klarede sig ved bl.a. at bruge WhatsApp og andre kommunikationskanaler....

  20. 3D modellering af residualspændinger ved pulversvejsning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jan Langkjær

    1998-01-01

    Der er opbygget en 3D finite element model i et general purpose FEM-program til beregning af henholdsvis temperaturfelter og de heraf inducerede spændinger ved pulversvejsning i 10mm ST37-2 plade.Til verifikation af de termiske felter er der foretaget temperaturmålinger på en serie...

  1. ABC and VED Analysis in Medical Stores Inventory Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, R; Gupta, K K; Jain, B R; Garg, R K

    2007-10-01

    The basic principle of inventory control is ABC based on cost criteria and VED on criticality. Based on ABC-VED matrix, economic analysis of drug expenditure of priced vocabulary of medical stores (PVMS) section 01 for the year 2003 of a 190 bedded service hospital was under taken. Out of 493 drugs in PVMS section 01, only 325 drugs were being used in the reference hospital. The total cost of drugs used was Rupees 55,23,503. Of these 325 drugs, 47(14.4%) drugs were Category A, consuming 70% of total expenditure, 73 (22.46 %) drugs Category B consuming 20% and rest 205 drugs (63.7 %) Category C drugs cost only 10% of expenditure. VED categorization done by consensus opinion of medical officers, found 24 (7.3%) drugs vital, 160 (49.3%) essential and rest 141 (43.3 %) desirable. On coupling the two techniques ABC-VED matrix was made and drugs were classified in to Category I (AV+BV+CV+AE+AD) comprising 68 drugs, Category II (BE + CE +BD) 159 and Category III (CD) 98 drugs. The management of Category I drugs was monitored by top management resulting in better control on the annual expenses and at the same time making available the vital Category II by middle and Category III at lower mangerial level.

  2. Det som er vigtigt ved at eje skov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boon, Tove Enggrob; Meilby, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    I sommeren 2012 blev private skovejere spurgt om betydningen af skovens økonomi samt en række goder. Lignende spørgsmål blev stillet ved en undersøgelse i 2002. Fra 2002 til 2012 er ejernes oplevelse af skovens økonomiske betydning blevet mere positiv. Ejernes oplevelse af forskellige goders vigt...

  3. Omsorgen svigter ved korte indlæggelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seibæk, Lene; Norlyk, Annelise

    1997-01-01

    Det er ikke tilstrækkeligt, at sygeplejerskerne ved den ambulante efterkontrol begrænser sig til at være lægens hjælpere. Sygeplejen i rehabiliteringsfasen er kompleks. Derfor må der stilles krav til den enkelte sygeplejerske om solid teoretisk viden og grundigt klinisk kendskab til specialet. Et...

  4. Censor ved de faglige prøver i erhvervsuddannelserne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldberg, Stig; Jørgensen, Claus Bo

    Denne publikation, som indeholder en filmsekvens og et arbejdshæfte, kan vejlede censorer og skuemestre ved faglige prøver i erhvervsuddannelserne. Arbejdshæftet indeholder både gode råd og henvisninger til de relevante regler for prøver og bedømmelser. Filmsekvensen er på cirka ni minutter og me...... kopieres. Materialet kan frit downloades og installeres på den enkelte skoles intranet....

  5. Rør blot ikke ved min Thailands-tur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lars Kjerulf

    2010-01-01

    Klimabevidsthed er ved at blive en fast understrøm i danskernes kollektive bevidsthed. Men klimahensyn er dog langt fra lige så selvfølgeligt som hensynet til velfærd eller øget økonomisk vækst. Og hensyn til miljøet er ligefrem et ugyldigt argument i mange sammenhænge. F.eks. udløser det kold af...

  6. En stormandsresidens ved Tissø, ca. 550-1050

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bican, Josefine Franck; Holst, Sandie; Albris, Sofie Laurine

    2016-01-01

    Ved Tissø på Vestsjælland er påvist en meget rig plads fra yngre jernalder og vikingetid, som er opkaldt efter søen. Her residerede en magtfuld stormand i store residenskomplekser, og her mødtes mennesker for at handle og praktisere den førkristne religion. I løbet af perioden ca. 550-1050 e...

  7. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    Denne artikel fortsætter gennemgangen og vurderingen af argumentationen, i  IASBs  diskussions-rapport (DP) om mulige målegrundlag, der kan benyttes ved første indregning. DP'et peger entydigt på, at aktiver og forpligtelser bør måles til fair values, såfremt disse kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt...

  8. Den Sorte Engel belaster fortsat miljøet ved Maarmorilik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Næsten 20 år efter, at minedriften efter bly og zink ved Maarmorilik i Uummannaq kommune i det nordvestlige Grønland blev indstillet, belastes de omkringliggende fjorde og landområder fortsat med de to metaller. Det fremgår af den seneste rapport fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus U...

  9. Implementering av HMS-system ved Frank Mohn Fusa AS

    OpenAIRE

    Jørgensen, Hilde

    2008-01-01

    Det stilles stadig strengere HMS- og kvalitetskrav til virksomheter. Frank Mohn Fusa AS må overholde krav fra myndigheter, interne krav, kundekrav og krav i henhold til bedriftens ISO 9001:2000 sertifisering. Bedriften hadde et HMS- og kvalitetssystem, som ved hjelp av en operasjonsmanual og en kvalitetshåndbok dokumenterte de fleste krav, men bedriften behøvde et mer effektivt, kostnadsbesparende og moderne system! Det ble utført Compliance-målinger opp mot ISO 9001:2000 og In...

  10. Bør leger ha reservasjonsrett ved assistert befruktning?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten Magelssen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Omfanget av helsepersonells reservasjonsrett har nylig vært gjenstand for debatt i Norge. Vi spør om leger bør ha reservasjonsrett ved utførelse og henvisning til assistert befruktning, og drøfter argumenter for og imot ved hjelp av et rammeverk med sju kriterier for vurdering av reservasjon. Reservasjonsrettens grunnleggende dilemma er hvordan to viktige hensyn, henholdsvis pasientens rett til behandling og hensynet til helsepersonellets moralske integritet, best kan ivaretas. Det argumenteres for at leger bør ha rett til å reservere seg mot å utføre, assistere ved og henvise til assistert befruktning generelt hvis begrunnelsen er hensynet til befruktede eggs moralske verdi. Videre finner vi at leger også kan ha en moralsk rett til reservasjon mot å utføre, assistere ved og henvise til assistert befruktning for likekjønnede, men da på nærmere spesifiserte vilkår.Nøkkelord: reservasjonsrett, assistert befruktning, samvittighet, moralsk integritetEnglish summary: Should physicians have the right to conscientiously object to assisted reproduction?The extent of the healthcare worker's right to conscientious objection has recently been debated in Norway. This article asks whether physicians should have a right to conscientious objection to the performance of, and referral for, assisted reproduction, and discusses arguments for and against the same, utilizing a framework of seven criteria for the evaluation of conscientious objection. The fundamental dilemma of conscientious objection is how two important considerations can be reconciled: the patient's right to treatment, and the protection of the healthcare worker's moral integrity. It is argued that physicians should have the right to object to performing, assisting with, and referring for assisted reproduction generally when the objection is grounded in the moral value of the embryo. Furthermore, physicians may also have a moral right to object to performing, assisting with, and

  11. Danske studieledere står ved en kritisk skillevej

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Harboe

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel sætter fokus på studielederne ved de danske universiteter. Artiklen tager udgangspunkt i de seneste 20-30 års universitetsreformer, hvor man finder et gennemgående ønske om, at studielederne – lige som den øvrige ledelse ved universiteterne – skal ”styrkes” på forskellig vis. De studieledere, der blev interviewet ifbm. ph.d.-projektet (Harboe 2013, er imidlertid ikke de veldefinerede ledere, som universitetsreformerne angiveligt lægger op til. Tværtimod tegnes et billede af studieledere, der står i en mere indirekte og forhandlingspræget kobling til deres omgivelser. Studielederne er på den anden side ikke i tvivl om, at universiteterne i stigende grad er domineret af NPM-reformer. Konsekvensen er, at studielederne står ved en kritisk skillevej mellem traditionel kollegial ledelseskultur og en NPM-inspireret virksomhedspræget ledelseskultur.. In this paper we focus on an investigation of heads of study at Danish universities. Over the past 20-30 years, reforms at Danish universities have called for "strengthened" educational leadership. However, the results of this PhD project reveal that the role of study head is often still not well defined and that many heads lack an authoritative leadership style (Harboe 2013. I found negotiation was preferred over more direct management, even if the approach did not seem suited to the situation. As negotiators, heads of study tend to manage indirectly. This means that they are unable to issue commands and constantly try to communicate in a pleasant and respectful manner. Although, negotiation is still the preferred management style for heads of study at Danish universities, most are aware of what the New Public Management (NPM reforms mean for their position. It is, therefore, my conclusion that Danish university study heads are currently at a critical juncture between traditional collegial management culture and NPM-inspired business-like managerial practice.

  12. Danske studieledere står ved en kritisk skillevej

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Harboe

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel sætter fokus på studielederne ved de danske universiteter. Artiklen tager udgangspunkt i de seneste 20-30 års universitetsreformer, hvor man finder et gennemgående ønske om, at studielederne – lige som den øvrige ledelse ved universiteterne – skal ”styrkes” på forskellig vis. De studieledere, der blev interviewet ifbm. ph.d.-projektet (Harboe 2013, er imidlertid ikke de veldefinerede ledere, som universitetsreformerne angiveligt lægger op til. Tværtimod tegnes et billede af studieledere, der står i en mere indirekte og forhandlingspræget kobling til deres omgivelser. Studielederne er på den anden side ikke i tvivl om, at universiteterne i stigende grad er domineret af NPM-reformer. Konsekvensen er, at studielederne står ved en kritisk skillevej mellem traditionel kollegial ledelseskultur og en NPM-inspireret virksomhedspræget ledelseskultur.. In this paper we focus on an investigation of heads of study at Danish universities. Over the past 20-30 years, reforms at Danish universities have called for "strengthened" educational leadership. However, the results of this PhD project reveal that the role of study head is often still not well defined and that many heads lack an authoritative leadership style (Harboe 2013. I found negotiation was preferred over more direct management, even if the approach did not seem suited to the situation. As negotiators, heads of study tend to manage indirectly. This means that they are unable to issue commands and constantly try to communicate in a pleasant and respectful manner. Although, negotiation is still the preferred management style for heads of study at Danish universities, most are aware of what the New Public Management (NPM reforms mean for their position. It is, therefore, my conclusion that Danish university study heads are currently at a critical juncture between traditional collegial management culture and NPM-inspired business-like managerial practice.

  13. Energi- og miljøvurdering ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holleris Petersen, E.

    En afprøvning af pc-værktøjet BEAT 2000's viser, at BEAT 2000 er et velegnet værktøj, der umiddelbart kan anvendes til energi- og miljøvurdering af renoveringssager. BEAT 2000 er afprøvet dels på renovering med energibesparende foranstaltninger i form af solfangere, solvægge og ventilationsanlæg...... med varmegenvinding, dels på mere traditionel renovering af små, utidssvarende lejligheder. En udbygning af datagrundlaget, især for alternative energibesparende løsninger og de materialer, der indgår, vil kunne reducere tidsforbruget ved definition af de utraditionelle og usædvanlige bygningsdele...

  14. Private følgeinvesteringer ved områdefornyelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole

    Det er en god forretning, når stat og kommuner investerer i områdefornyelse i udsatte områder. Det motiverer også de private bygningsejere i området til at investere i forbedringer af deres ejendomme. Det viser en undersøgelse fra Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut ved Aalborg Universitet København......, der er udarbejdet for Ministeriet for By, Bolig og Landdistrikter. Denne pjece opsamler resultaterne fra undersøgelsen og viser eksempler på private investeringer som følge af områdefornyelse. Pjecen retter sig særligt mod kommunale byplanlæggere og indeholder også en række mulige emner, der kan indgå...

  15. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    IASB har publiceret en diskussionsrapport, i hvilken mulige målegrundlag, der kan anvendes ved første indregning i regnskabet, bliver afvejet i forhold til hinanden. Rapporten konkluderer, at fair values så vidt muligt bør anvendes, såfremt disse værdier kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt pålideligt. I...... modsat fald skal virksomhederne vælge et målegrundlag som substitut for fair values, der kan opgøres pålideligt. Substituttet skal være mest mulig konsistent med fair values, og anvendes på en måde, som bedst muligt afspejler det, som en måling til fair value sigter efter (the fair value measurement...

  16. Life and consciousness – The Vedāntic view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter — and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself – omne vivum ex vivo – life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  17. Life and consciousness - The Vedāntic view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter - and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself - omne vivum ex vivo - life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  18. Business information literacy: informasjonskompetanse ved Handelshøyskolen BI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Gimse

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available For å bli en informasjonskompetent student innenfor en internasjonal akademisk handelshøgskole, er det spesielle ferdigheter man må opparbeide seg. Det er ikke de samme kravene til hva en må kunne ved Odontologisk fakultet som ved BI, så heller ikke i bibliotekets sfære. De ferdighetene vi er på jakt etter å utvikle hos våre studenter er generiske for handelshøyskoler verden over, men allikevel er begrepet ”Business Information Literacy” et ganske nytt begrep, og som så mye annet hentet fra USA. Vi synes det er et spennende begrep, all den tid det definerer hva som er kravene, utover den enkelte handelshøyskoles sfære. Vi tror at det kommer til å etableres en standard for denne kompetansen i USA snart, men før dette er klart har vi sett på hva begrepet betyr for oss. Det har nemlig ledet oss mot en særegen undervisnings- og bibliotekpedagogikk. Tilføyelsen ”Business” til begrepet informasjonskompetanse kommer selvsagt på toppen av den generelle definisjonen, som vi også ”bekjenner” oss til og prøver å utvikle hos våre studenter og faglige. Begrepet springer ut av BIs fagområder der kravene til ”Business Information Literacy” kan innebære: • Kunne innhente emnespesifikk fag- og forskningslitteratur i relevante bibliografiske kilder • Kunne innhente makroøkonomiske data nasjonalt og internasjonalt • Kunne innhente forbrukerdemografiske data • Kunne innhente data typiske for markedsanalyse • Kunne innhente data innen bedrifts- industri- og bransjeanalyse • Kunne innhente finansielle data • Kunne bruke juridiske kilder • Kunne inkorporere funn i egne oppgaver etter akademisk standard Hva gjør vi for å utvikle disse ferdighetene hos våre studenter? Hvilke tiltak setter vi verk? Hva gjør handelshøyskoler verden over? Mange bibliotek utvikler i dag elæringsmateriale for å kunne nå det store antall studenter. Dette er også underveis hos oss.

  19. Implementering af e-læring ved danske universiteter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitte Heiberg

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Første gang publiceret i UNEV nr. 6: Organisering af e-læring, oktober - december 2005, red. Jørgen Gomme, Birgitte heiberg, Jens Dørup og Ambrosia Hansen. ISSN 1603-5518.

    Lige siden de første computere kom til landet har der været projekter, som tilsigtede at understøtte undervisning og læring ved hjælp af IKT. Understøttelsen har varieret som en bred vifte af forskellige former for medieanvendelse og grader af interaktion. Tilsvarende er diverse former for IKT-støttet undervisning og læring med forskellige betegnelser dukket op: Computer-Based Training (CBT, Computer Assisted Learning (CAL, Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL, Web-based Learning (WBL, blended learning, online læring, fleksibel læring, fjernundervisning, distribueret og åben uddannelse, m. fl.

  20. Anvendt Statistik - for de finansielle uddannelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kenneth

    , financial controller og akademiuddannelsen i finansiel rådgivning. Bogen har derfor fokus rettet mod de modeller og værktøjer, hvormed forskellige statistiske tests kan udføres. Hovedvægten er lagt på anvendelsen og fortolkningen af hypotesetests og andre teknikker. Bogen omhandler beskrivende statistik......Formålet med bogen er at give læseren et godt kendskab til de metoder, hvormed et datamateriale kan bearbejdes, således at der kan udledes statistisk begrundede konklusioner. Denne bog er målrettet undervisningen i statistik på de finansielle uddannelser, herunder finansøkonom, finansbachelor......, sandsynlighedsteori, stokastiske variable, konfidensintervaller, hypotesetests, variansanalyse, lineær regression, stikprøveteori og goodness-of-fit-tests....

  1. Hvordan gjøre tenking synlig ved bruk av interaktive modeller på vitensenter?

    OpenAIRE

    Stav, Torun Vaagland

    2015-01-01

    Det er et økende antall forskningsstudier som fokuserer på læringsutbytte ved vitensentre og liknende institusjoner (Kisiel, 2013). EEET (European Exhibition Evaluation Tool) er et slikt bidrag. Dette er et vurderingsverktøy som blant annet er laget for å kartlegge bruken av interaktive modeller ved vitensentre. EEETer en av to metoder som skal bidra til å besvare denne studiens problemstilling. Den andre metoden, UM (Understanding Map) er basert på åtte tegn på forståelse som beskrevet i bok...

  2. Hvilken rolle spiller hybrid shopping i kundereisen ved kjøp av kosmetikk?

    OpenAIRE

    Varem, Andrea; Nervik, Lene

    2017-01-01

    Temaet for denne bacheloroppgaven er hybrid shopping i kundereisen ved kjøp av kosmetikk. Etter en omfattende gjennomgang av eksisterende teori rundt kundereisen fikk vi et inntrykk av at det er et gap i forskningen knyttet til kundereisen ved kjøp av kosmetikk, på tross av størrelsen på dette markedet. Det vi fant av teori på feltet var i stor grad basert på kvantitative undersøkelser, og vi ønsker derfor å belyse kundereisen i denne konteksten gjennom et kvalitativt forskningsdesign. Med ut...

  3. Manual for udførelse af triaksialforsøg ved AAU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Lotte

    Kontinuerlige ødometerforsøg er en ny type forsøg udført ved Laboratoriet for Fundering på Aalborg Universitet. Det kontinuerlige ødometerforsøg udføres i et triaxialapparat og med brug af de samme type transducerer, belastningsarrangementer og opsamlingsenheder. Der vil i rapporten beskrives en ...

  4. Radiografens brug af Retorisk strategi ved en CT undersøglse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jonas Værlund

    2012-01-01

    tillidsvækkende kommunikation. Etableringen af tillid undersøges via et observationsstudie, hvor kommunikationen mellem radiograf og patient analyseres. Studiet viser at radiografen, ved at bruge direkte og indirekte ethos appel, formår at anvende de genkomne topoi i situationen som tillidsskabende elementer....

  5. Miljøoptimering af afvaskning ved tryk med vandfortyndbar flexotrykfarve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henrik Fred; Helweg, Christian; Pedersen, Anne Rathmann

    Rapporten beskriver praksis ved afvaskning af vandfortyndbare flexotrykfarver i emballageindustrien og anviser muligheder for indførelse af renere teknologi til reduktion af spildevandsbelastningen. Anbefalingerne omfatter a) udformning af farveværker med henblik på effektiv tømning af farve og e...

  6. Akutte dødsfald ved tvangsfastholdelse af svært hyperaktive personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Thomsen, Jørgen Lange

    2012-01-01

    må henføres til et syndrom som betegnes excited delirium syndrome (EDS), en akut indsættende tilstand karakteriseret ved en hyperaktiv og voldelig adfærd, næsten overmenneskelig styrke og immunitet for smerte. Obduktion viser ikke forandringer som kan forklare dødsfaldet. Årsagen til EDS er ukendt...

  7. ABC and VED Analysis of the Pharmacy Store of a Tertiary Care Teaching, Research and Referral Healthcare Institute of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devnani, M; Gupta, Ak; Nigah, R

    2010-04-01

    The ABC and VED (vital, essential, desirable) analysis of the pharmacy store of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India, was conducted to identify the categories of items needing stringent management control. The annual consumption and expenditure incurred on each item of pharmacy for the year 2007-08 was analyzed and inventory control techniques, i.e. ABC, VED and ABC-VED matrix analysis, were applied. The drug formulary of the pharmacy consisted of 421 items. The total annual drug expenditure (ADE) on items issued in 2007-08 was Rs. 40,012,612. ABC analysis revealed 13.78%, 21.85% and 64.37% items as A, B and C category items, respectively, accounting for 69.97%, 19.95% and 10.08% of ADE of the pharmacy. VED analysis showed 12.11%, 59.38% and 28.51% items as V, E, and D category items, respectively, accounting for 17.14%, 72.38% and 10.48% of ADE of the pharmacy. On ABC-VED matrix analysis, 22.09%, 54.63% and 23.28% items were found to be category I, II and III items, respectively, accounting for 74.21%, 22.23% and 3.56% of ADE of the pharmacy. The ABC and VED techniques need to be adopted as a routine practice for optimal use of resources and elimination of out-of-stock situations in the hospital pharmacy.

  8. Bedre ældrepleje - ved hjælp af Marte Meo metoden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Helle; Schjoldager, Helle Højbo

    Projektet (forløb efteråret 2008 - foråret 2009) havde til formål at give personalet ved boformer for borgere med demens indsigt i og redskaber til at kommunikere med borgeren på en for begge parter anerkendende måde - ved hjælp af Marte Meo metoden. Det konkluderes at implementering af Marte Meo...... metoden har medført, at personalet har udviklet deres samspil og kommunikation med borgerne på en måde, der synes at fremme borgerens trivsel, værdighed og livsglæde og dermed bidrage til en øget livskvalitet. En række faktorer der henholdsvis fremmer og hæmmer implementeringen af Marte Meo metoden...

  9. Klimavenlig majs ved minimal tilførsel af kvælstof

    OpenAIRE

    Ambus, Per

    2009-01-01

    Majs-biomasse kan omdannes til klimavenlig CO2-neutral energi ved behandling til bioetanol og biogas. Men gødskes majsen med affaldet fra biogasanlægget, dannes der betragtelige mængder af den kraftige drivhusgas, lattergas. Herved reduceres klimagevinsten mærkbart. Dyrkning af majs til energiformål skal derfor ske med ingen eller lille tilførsel af N.

  10. ABC-VED analysis of expendable medical stores at a tertiary care hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sushil; Chakravarty, A

    2015-01-01

    The modern system of medicine has evolved into a complex, sophisticated and expensive treatment modality in terms of cost of medicines and consumables. In any hospital, approximately 33% of total annual budget is spent on buying materials and supplies including medicines. ABC (Always, Better Control)-VED (Vital, Essential, Desirable) analysis of medical stores of a large teaching, tertiary care hospital of the Armed Forces was carried out to identify the categories of drugs needing focused managerial control. Annual consumption and expenditure data of expendable medical stores for one year was extracted from the drug expense book, followed by classification on its annual usage value. Subsequently, the factor of criticality was applied to arrive at a decision matrix for understanding the need for selective managerial control. The study revealed that out of 1536 items considered for the study, 6.77% (104), 19.27% (296) and 73.95% (1136) items were found to be A, B and C category items respectively. VED analysis revealed that vital items (V) accounted for 13.14% (201), essential items (E) for 56.37% (866) and desirable accounted for 30.49% items (469). ABC-VED matrix analysis of the inventory reveals that only 322 (21%) items out of an inventory of 1536 drugs belonging to category I will require maximum attention. Scientific inventory management tools need to be applied routinely for efficient management of medical stores, as it contributes to judicious use of limited resources and resultant improvement in patient care.

  11. Beretning for Bulbrogård 2013 (BU2013), aristokratisk kompleks. NM I journalnr. 7701/94 Store Fuglede sogn, Ars herred, (Holbæk Amt) Region Sjælland. Sted nr. 03.01.06 – sb. nr. 102 Kort nr. 1413 III NØ Beretning for undersøgelse aristokratisk kompleks fra det 6. – 7. årh. ved Bulbrogård ved Tissø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bican, Josefine Franck

    Undersøgelserne er en fortsættelse af de afsluttende undersøgelser ved Bulbrogård fra 2012 og er en del af forskningsprojektet Førkristne Kultpladser ved forskningsprofessor Lars Jørgensen, Nationalmuseet. Lokaliteten blev opdaget i 1995 i forbindelse med forundersøgelsen på bopladsområdet ved Ti...

  12. Brud i jordmasser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogsbøll, Anette Susanne; Hansen, Bent

    2007-01-01

    Udvikling og definition af brudtilstand i jord. Gennemgang af plasticitetsteori for jord, eksemplificeret og anvendt ved jordtryk på vægge og bæreevne af fundamenter. Generaliserede jordtryksformler og bæreevneformler angives....

  13. Consciousness, Cognition and the Cognitive Apparatus in the Vedānta Tradition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, R.

    2011-01-01

    A human being is a complex entity consisting of the Self (also known as Consciousness), mind, senses and the body. The Vedānta tradition holds that the mind, the senses and the body are essentially different from the Self or Consciousness. It is through consciousness that we are able to know the things of the world, making use of the medium of the mind and the senses. Furthermore, the mind, though material, is able to reveal things, borrowing the light from consciousness. From the phenomenological point of view, we have to answer the following questions: how does one know the mind/the mental operations/the cogitations of the mind? Does the mind know itself? Is it possible? There is, again, the problem of the intentionality of consciousness. Is consciousness intentional? According to Vedānta, consciousness by its very nature is not intentional, but it becomes intentional through the mind. The mind or the ego is not part of the consciousness; on the contrary, it is transcendent to consciousness. It is difficult to spell out the relation between consciousness and the mind. How does consciousness, which is totally different from the mind, get related to the mind in such a way that it makes the latter capable of comprehending the things of the world? The Vedānta tradition provides the answer to this question in terms of the knower-known relation. Consciousness is pure light, self-luminous by its very nature, that is, although it reveals other objects, it is not revealed by anything else. When Sartre describes it as nothingness, bereft of even ego, it is to show that it is pure light revealing objects outside it. PMID:21694962

  14. Det er nemt at undgå frygtsomme avlsdyr, og der er kun fordele ved det!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Steen Henrik; Hansen, Steffen W

    2009-01-01

    Der er flere fordele ved at undgå frygtsomme mink i avlsarbejdet, og der er effektive og gennemprøvede redskaber til at finde dem - og indsatsen kan tilpasses behovet. Minkens temperament er vigtigt, fordi rolige og nysgerrige mink er bedre tilpassede, lettere at håndtere, skriger mindre, og de...... frygtsomme og aggressive og tilsvarende mere tillidsfulde end tidligere. I dette indlæg beskriver vi en hurtig og effektiv metode til bestemmelse af minks temperament, hvordan man kan bruge dette i valg af avlsdyr, og hvilke effekter man kan forvente. Udgivelsesdato: oktober 2009...

  15. Måleegenskaper ved den norske versjonen av Parental Stress Scales (PSS)

    OpenAIRE

    Kornør, Hege; Richter, Jörg

    2013-01-01

    - Beskrivelse. Parental Stress Scale (PSS) er et spørreskjema med 18 utsagn som foreldre skal besvare for å gi et mål på stressnivå forbundet med det å være foreldre. Instrumentet ble utgitt på engelsk av de amerikanske forskerne Judy O. Berry og Warren H. Jones i 1995. Ane Nærde ved Atferdssenteret står bak den norske oversettelsen. Opplysninger om rettighetshavere foreligger ikke. Tidsbruk og kompetansekrav knyttet til bruk av testen er ukjent. Litteratursøk. Av 51 identifiserte refe...

  16. Nye estimater av organdoser til barn ved datatomografi (CT) utført på 1990-tallet i Norge

    OpenAIRE

    Toft, Benthe

    2013-01-01

    Bakgrunn: Bruk av datatomografi (CT) har økt i Norge de siste ti årene og står nå for 80 % av befolkningsdosen fra medisinsk bruk av stråling. Det er usikkerhet rundt risikoen ved bruk av ioniserende stråling, særlig knyttet til CT av barn og unge. En stor internasjonal studie (EPI-CT-prosjektet) tar sikte på å skaffe økt kunnskap om risiko for leukemi og hjernekreft forbundet med CT-undersøkelser hos barn og unge. Studiens hensikt: Karlegging av organdoser til barn ved CT-undersøkelser p...

  17. Nye estimater av organdoser til barn ved datatomografi (CT) utført på 1990-tallet i Norge

    OpenAIRE

    Toft, Benthe

    2013-01-01

    Masteroppgave i Folkehelsevitenskap ved Institutt for plante- og miljøvitenskap. 30 studiepoeng. Bakgrunn: Bruk av datatomografi (CT) har økt i Norge de siste ti årene og står nå for 80 % av befolkningsdosen fra medisinsk bruk av stråling. Det er usikkerhet rundt risikoen ved bruk av ioniserende stråling, særlig knyttet til CT av barn og unge. En stor internasjonal studie (EPI-CT-prosjektet) tar sikte på å skaffe økt kunnskap om risiko for leukemi og hjernekreft forbundet med CT-undersøkel...

  18. Internationale kommunikationseffekter ved fremsendelse af danske vidensregnskaber på engelsk til kunder i Storbritannien og Tyskland: Forskningsbaggrund og -design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaates, Maria Anne

    2003-01-01

    Formålet med dette Working Paper er at fastlægge en metodologi for et kommende studium af de internationale kommunikationseffekter ved fremsendelse af danske vidensregnskaber på engelsk til kunder i Storbritannien og Tyskland. I det følgende afsnit vil der derfor blive redegjort generelt for, hvad...

  19. Modeller til bestemmelse af Naturkvalitet på udvalgte Naturtyper ved anvendelse af Neurale Netværk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mark, S.; Strandberg, M.

    for modellerne er samhørende datasæt vedrørende naturindhold og naturkvalitet på en række lokaliteter der repræsenterer de behandlede naturtyper og som blev undersøgt i projektet. Naturkvalitet blev defineret ved fire kriterier, nemlig vildhed, op-rin-de-lighed, kontinuitet og autenticitet. I hver af...

  20. Numerisk modellering af formfyldning ved støbning i selvkompakterende beton

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spangenberg, Jon

    dækker over mange emner. I denne afhandling er der fokuseret på tre af dem ved hjælp af Finite Difference Method (FDM) / Finite Volume Method (FVM) baserede Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeller udviklet i både FLOW-3D og MATLAB. Den første undersøgelse fokuserer på de komplikationer der er knyttet...... til at forudse separation under fyldning i SKB støbninger. De to FDM/FVM baserede CFD modeller afviger fra hinanden via deres tilslags repræsentation, som var en diskret metode (envejs momentum kobling) for den første og en skalar metode for den anden. Det viste sig, at det var mindst omfattende...

  1. VEDS-Automated system for inspection of vehicles and containers for explosives and other threats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gozani, T.; Liu, F.; Sivakumar, M.

    2004-01-01

    Many parts of national infrastructures around the world are very vulnerable to terrorist threats in the form of large vehicle bombs. The larger bomb, the larger is the damage and its extent. The number of containers and vehicles crossing land or sea ports of entry is huge. Tough the probability is low, any vehicle may contain a threat. Any system addressing these enormous security tasks should obviously be based on excellent human intelligence to focus the attention on a much smaller number of high-risk containers and vehicles. These containers must then be subjected to a thorough and reliable inspection for the threats.Viable security system must incorporate a credible and effective inspection to achieve its purposes. It should have high performance and be operationally acceptable. This means the system must possess high detection capabilities, low false positive rate, fast response and provide automatic decision eliminating the need for human interpretation. Ancore has developed a range of new inspection devices, which are highly suitable for the above tasks. All the systems are automatic, material specific, high performance for a wide range and type of threats. Some of them are also highly modular, and compact. Some of the systems are fixed, other are relocatable, or fully mobile. The presentation will discuss Ancore's VEDS (Vehicle Explosive Detection System) which detects bulk explosives (expandable also to radiological and nuclear threats)) in marine containers, trucks and cars. The compact and rugged nature of the VEDS sensor makes it suitable for many forms of conveyance: mobile (van mounted), portal, forklift mounted, or mounted on container unloading rig. The physics principles of the system and some recent applications and results will be presented

  2. Samspill mellom barn og voksne ved måltidet. Muligheter for medlæring?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berit Bae

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikkelen rettes oppmerksomheten mot samspill og ikke-intendert læring, dvs. aspekter ved
    den erfarte læreplanen, basert på samspill ved måltidet. Det som analyseres er medlæring, dvs. prosesser som er
    innbakt i og foregår sammen med andre aktiviteter. Empirisk sett tar framstillingen utgangspunkt i en mikroana-
    lytisk undersøkelse av dialoger mellom førskolelærer og barn i to barnehager i Oslo, hvor samspill i tre ulike situ-
    asjoner, derav måltidet, ble videofilmet med jevne mellomrom i løpet av et år. Ut fra analyse av videomaterialet
    ble det utviklet to kategorier for å skille mellom samspill av ulik kvalitet, nemlig romslige og trange mønstre (Bae,
    2004, 2005, 2007. I denne artikkelen vil framstillingen bli begrenset til romslige mønstre. Problemstillingen som
    drøftes er: Hvilke medlæringsmuligheter inneholder romslige samspill for de barna som er aktivt involvert, og for
    de som observerer samspillet? Fortolkende analyser viser at i tillegg til det som har kommet fram i tidligere forsk-
    ning om kunnskap om ernæring, gode spisevaner og bordskikk etc., kan måltidet også romme medlæringsmulig-
    heter om samtaleferdigheter og samarbeide rundt praktiske ting. Uten at dette blir eksplisitt fokusert, så innehol-
    der måltidet også muligheter for læring angående verdsetting av forskjellighet og mangfold, samt det å vise soli-
    daritet i forhold til andre.

  3. Samspill mellom barn og voksne ved måltidet. Muligheter for medlæring?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berit Bae

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikkelen rettes oppmerksomheten mot samspill og ikke-intendert læring, dvs. aspekter ved den erfarte læreplanen, basert på samspill ved måltidet. Det som analyseres er medlæring, dvs. prosesser som er innbakt i og foregår sammen med andre aktiviteter. Empirisk sett tar framstillingen utgangspunkt i en mikroanalytisk undersøkelse av dialoger mellom førskolelærer og barn i to barnehager i Oslo, hvor samspill i tre ulike situasjoner, derav måltidet, ble videofilmet med jevne mellomrom i løpet av et år. Ut fra analyse av videomaterialet ble det utviklet to kategorier for å skille mellom samspill av ulik kvalitet, nemlig romslige og trange mønstre (Bae, 2004, 2005, 2007. I denne artikkelen vil framstillingen bli begrenset til romslige mønstre. Problemstillingen som drøftes er: Hvilke medlæringsmuligheter inneholder romslige samspill for de barna som er aktivt involvert, og for de som observerer samspillet? Fortolkende analyser viser at i tillegg til det som har kommet fram i tidligere forskning om kunnskap om ernæring, gode spisevaner og bordskikk etc., kan måltidet også romme medlæringsmuligheter om samtaleferdigheter og samarbeide rundt praktiske ting. Uten at dette blir eksplisitt fokusert, så inneholder måltidet også muligheter for læring angående verdsetting av forskjellighet og mangfold, samt det å vise solidaritet i forhold til andre.

  4. Modulbaserte kurs for PhD-studentar ved Matematisk-naturvitskapleg fakultet, UiB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hege Folkestad

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Universitetsbiblioteket i Bergen har utarbeidd eit modulbasert kurs for PhD-studentar ved Matematisk-naturvitskapleg fakultet. Biblioteket har samarbeidd med fakultetet om innhald, tidspunkt og annonsering, for i størst mogeleg grad å nå studentane og tilpasse til deira behov. Kurset er ikkje obligatorisk, men anbefalast sterkt av fakultetet, som vektlegg overførbare ferdigheiter hjå doktorandane. Evalueringane så langt er svært gode, og kurset vidareførast derfor i noverande form. Generell teori er skilt ut, og presentert i tre plenumssesjonar over til saman 5 timar: 1 Strukturelle trekk ved vitskapleg litteratur, generell søketeknikk, reiskapar for søk og gjenfinning, oppdateringstenester og evaluering av skriftleg materiale 2 Siteringsstatistikk 3 Publisering, inklusive opphavsrettslege problemstillingar, Open Access, sjølvarkivering og institusjonelle arkiv. Stoff som knyttast til praktiske ferdigheiter vert presentert i workshop-form for mindre grupper i kursrom med PC-tilgang. Vi tilbyr såleis valfrie, separate, 1-2 t workshops i databasesøking, inndelt etter plattform (i.e. alle Thomson-Reutersbasane samla, alle CSA-basane samla osb.. Vidare tilbyr vi 2 t workshops i referansehandtering (EndNote. For nye brukarar vektleggast innlegging av referansar, val av stil, generering av referanselister og bruk av EndNote med Word, for erfarne brukarar vektleggast fulltekstnedlasting, oppretting av bibliografi frå fleire dokument, samarbeid om EN-bibliotek og oppretting av nye stilar. Med modulbasert kurs står studentane fritt til å stå over kjent stoff, kombinere databasekurs eller EndNote-nivå, eller kome tilbake for modular som er meir relevante seinare i løpet. I denne presentasjonen leggast vekta på plenumssesjon 1 og workshop-modulane.

  5. Positionering af køretøj ved hjælp af GPS, dead reckoning og mapmatching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cederholm, Jens Peter

    2002-01-01

    Et positioneringssystem til køretøjer bestående af en GPS modtager, et digitalt kompas, køretøjets speedometer samt en map matching algoritme testes på 2.8 km strækning i Aalborg midtby. Systemet, der sammensætter observationerne fra de tre instrumenter ved hjælp af et kalman filter, opdateres hv...

  6. Sammenligning av to blodprøver fra samme person analysert ved to laboratorier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aage Tverdal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  INNLEDNINGEpidemiologiske undersøkelser av lipidnivået hosbefolkningen er helt avhengig av at analysemetodeneholder stabilt nivå over flere år. Dette er lettest å oppnåhvis man hele tiden benytter ett laboratorium, oghjerte-karundersøkelsene til Statens helseundersøkelserhar konsekvent benyttet Klinisk kjemisk avdeling,Ullevål sykehus. Ulike hensyn kan likevel tilsi at andrelaboratorier benyttes. Undersøkelsene til Universiteteti Tromsø som har har vært gjennomført fire ganger iperioden 1973-1995, har vært utført ved Kliniskkjemisk avdeling, Regionsykehuset i Tromsø. Helseundersøkelseni Nord-Trøndelag 1995-1997 harbenyttet Sentrallaboratoriet, Innherred sykehus. I dettearbeidet viser vi hvor store forskjellene blir hvisfeltlagene sender prøver fra samme person til ulikelaboratorier. Vi har undersøkt forskjellene mellomRegionsykehuset i Tromsø og Ullevål sykehus, ogmellom Innherred sykehus og Ullevål sykehus.

  7. Arkitektur-antropologi anvendt som metode i et dansk forstadsstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melgaard, Bente

    life and the social connections of the suburb, anthropology methods are also tested in the project. Qualitative interviews, logbook and fieldwork have been used to see and engage with the lived everyday life, as it is taking place in a typical Danish suburb. As a result of this interest, my family...... and I have moved in to the case study area ‘Søndermarken’ in Vejle for 9 months. From here the everyday life and the social connections and community was examined through daily registrations (pictures, notes and GPS-tracking) and broad participation in collective activities of the suburb. The objective...... is to see how the physical connections have impact on the social connections in the suburb and to find potentials in the everyday life to develop suitable suburban spaces....

  8. Enzymet papain anvendt i industri og fodevarer giver allergi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenthal, A.P.; Blond, M.B.

    2008-01-01

    The proteolytic enzyme papain is known to cause allergic sensitization. At a research laboratory several employees developed allergic symptoms after occupational exposure to papain dust and were referred to the local Clinic of Occupational Medicine. 10 out of 22 employees reported work...

  9. Generelle aspekter ved mediereception? – Et bud på en multidimensional model for analyse af kvalitative receptionsinterviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Schrøder

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Findes der generelle aspekter ved receptionen af medieprodukter, som det kan være analytisk frugtbart at orientere sig efter, og som man altid bør belyse, når man analyserer kvalitative receptionsdata – og måske også allerede når man skal planlægge det empiriske feltarbejde i et em- pirisk receptionsprojekt? Denne artikel bygger på, at dette spørgsmål kan besvares bekræftende, og fremlægger et bud på, hvordan en multi- dimensional model for kvalitativ receptionsanalyse kunne se ud.

  10. Videodokumentasjon ved gjennomføring av praktisk eksamen i sykepleie - hvordan kan dette forbedre studentens praksiske ferdigheter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gjertrud Husøy

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Hensikten med studiet var å belyse hvordan videodokumentasjon av praktiske handlinger i sykepleie kunne brukes som evalueringordning av studenter. Artikkelen tar utgangspunkt i et forskningsprosjekt for utprøving av nye lærings og evalueringsformer i bachelorutdanningen i sykepleie, der 13 studentgrupper gjennomførte sin praktiske eksamen ved innlevering av video av 16 utvalgte øvelser. Tradisjonell praktisk eksamen i samme studentkull ble gjennomført for 10 studentgrupper. Prosjektet er en kvalitativ kasusstudie og analyse er gjort etter inspirasjon av Giorgi‘s empiriske fenomenologi. Diskusjonen tar utgangspunkt i Vygotsky‘s sosiokulturelle syn på læring og Dewey‘s prinsipp om at all læring er basert på erfaring. Funnene er presentert i følgende deler: Første del omhandler videodokumentasjon og refleksjon. De to neste delene viser funn i forhold til mesterlæring og situert læring på vei mot forståelse av hva sykepleie er. Deretter er teknisk utfordringer belyst, og til slutt en drøfting av forhold ved oppøving av praktiske sykepleieferdigheter. Konklusjonen her er at video egner seg til å dokumentere sykepleiehandlinger. Dette har størst verdi for læring og refleksjon, i mindre grad som eksamensform.

  11. Anbefalinger til undersøgelse af sociale forhold ved lokalisering af et mellemlager for radioaktivt affald fra Risø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Anne Merrild; Kørnøv, Lone

    DCEA præsenterer i denne rapport metoder til at belyse socioøkonomiske forhold ved lokalisering af et mellemlager for radioaktivt affald fra Risø. Der er foretaget fem delstudier, der har bidraget til at identificere og anbefale relevante sociale parametre, og fremsætte anbefalinger til, hvordan...

  12. Training healthcare personnel for mass-casualty incidents in a virtual emergency department: VED II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinrichs, Wm Leroy; Youngblood, Patricia; Harter, Phillip; Kusumoto, Laura; Dev, Parvati

    2010-01-01

    Training emergency personnel on the clinical management of a mass-casualty incident (MCI) with prior chemical, biological, radioactive, nuclear, or explosives (CBRNE) -exposed patients is a component of hospital preparedness procedures. The objective of this research was to determine whether a Virtual Emergency Department (VED), designed after the Stanford University Medical Center's Emergency Department (ED) and populated with 10 virtual patient victims who suffered from a dirty bomb blast (radiological) and 10 who suffered from exposure to a nerve toxin (chemical), is an effective clinical environment for training ED physicians and nurses for such MCIs. Ten physicians with an average of four years of post-training experience, and 12 nurses with an average of 9.5 years of post-graduate experience at Stanford University Medical Center and San Mateo County Medical Center participated in this IRB-approved study. All individuals were provided electronic information about the clinical features of patients exposed to a nerve toxin or radioactive blast before the study date and an orientation to the "game" interface, including an opportunity to practice using it immediately prior to the study. An exit questionnaire was conducted using a Likert Scale test instrument. Among these 22 trainees, two-thirds of whom had prior Code Triage (multiple casualty incident) training, and one-half had prior CBRNE training, about two-thirds felt immersed in the virtual world much or all of the time. Prior to the training, only four trainees (18%) were confident about managing CBRNE MCIs. After the training, 19 (86%) felt either "confident" or "very confident", with 13 (59%) attributing this change to practicing in the virtual ED. Twenty-one (95%) of the trainees reported that the scenarios were useful for improving healthcare team skills training, the primary objective for creating them. Eighteen trainees (82%) believed that the cases also were instructive in learning about clinical

  13. Case report - curved femoral osteotomy for management of medial patellar luxation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Allpass, Maja; Miles, James Edward

    2015-01-01

    Medial patellaluxation kan forårsages af femoral varus hos hund. Førhen har patienter med excessiv femoralvarus været korrigeret ved en lateralt placeret femoral kile-ostektomi. Her præsenteres en case, hvor en buet osteotomi blev anvendt til behandling af medial patellaluxation.......Medial patellaluxation kan forårsages af femoral varus hos hund. Førhen har patienter med excessiv femoralvarus været korrigeret ved en lateralt placeret femoral kile-ostektomi. Her præsenteres en case, hvor en buet osteotomi blev anvendt til behandling af medial patellaluxation....

  14. Proteinværdien i kløvergræsensilage øges ved højere tørstofprocent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Marianne; Nissen, Thorkild; Hellwing, Anne Louise Frydendahl

    2015-01-01

    En bedre udnyttelse af proteinet i kløvergræsensilage vil bidrage til større selvforsyning i den økologiske mælkeproduktion. Det er derfor undersøgt, om proteinværdien i kløvergræsensilage kan øges ved at øge tørstofindholdet inden ensilering. Fire multifistulerede malkekøer blev fodret med...

  15. "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..." : [luuletused] / Gunnar D. Hansson ; tlk. Mati Sirkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansson, Gunnar D.

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..."; "Esimest päeva rändab tuul ..." = "Första dagen vandrar vinden ..."; "Päike tuli lähemale ..." = "Solen kom närmare ..."; "Nagu oleks kõik möödas ..." = "Som om allt vore över ..."

  16. Udbredelse og anvendelse af markedsanalyser i større danske virksomheder 2007

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Carsten Stig

    2008-01-01

     For femte gang offentliggøres undersøgelsen af, hvor udbredt og anvendt markedsanalyse er blandt 'større' danske virksomheder, afgrænset ved omsætning og antal ansatte. Som ved de foregående undersøgelser er der en betydelig stabilitet over tid i udbredelsen af brugen af de undersøgte analysetyp...

  17. Unbiased estimates of number and size of rat dorsal root ganglion cells in studies of structure and cell survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lamm, Trine Tandrup

    Neurodegenerative sygdomme er karakteriseret ved tab af nervefibre og nervecellelegemer. Tilstande med fysiske eller toksikologiske beskadigelser af de primære sensoriske nerveceller hos rotten har ofte været anvendt som model for forståelse af de processer, der fører til celledød eller -overleve...

  18. Brugen af Geografiske Informationssystemer til effektundersøgelse af Intelligent Farttilpasning i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Niels; Tradisauskas, Nerius; Bolet, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Geografiske Informationssystemer er anvendt til at dels at dokumentere, hvilke effekter Intelligent Farttilpasning har på hastighedsoverskridelser, og dels til at undersøge, hvordan disse overskridelser kan præsenteres meningsfuldt i spatiale analyser. Analyser af effekten på kørselsadfærden er...... til at beskrive kørselsadfærden ved spatiale analyser....

  19. Simple opdriftsbaserede modeller for Wave Star

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Morten

    Wave Star modellen er udarbejdet i programmeringssproget Delphi. Modellerne er en videre udarbejdelse af tidligere anvendte Excel-modeller. I forhold til Excelmodellerne udmærker de nye Dephi-modeller sig ved at beregningerne udføres mange gange hurtigere og modellerne kan håndtere lange tidsserier...

  20. Økologisk risikovurdering af en genmodificeret insektresistent og herbicidtole-rant bomuld GHB-119 i anmeldelse til godkendelse vedr. markedsføring under Forordning 1829/2003/EF

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Givskov; Kjellsson, Gøsta; Damgaard, Christian

    2012-01-01

    BIOSCIENCE’s konklusioner vedr. den øko-logiske risikovurdering af den genmodifice-rede, insektresistente og herbicidtolerante GHB119-bomuld anvendt til import for vi-dereforarbejdning i Danmark. Den genmodificerede GHB119-bomuld adskiller sig fra konventionel bomuld ved at have indsat gener der...

  1. Økologisk risikovurdering af genmodificeret herbicidtolerant bomuld GHB614 x LLCotton25 i anmeldelse til godkendelse vedr. markedsføring under Forordning 1829/2003/EF

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Sørensen, Jesper Givskov; Strandberg, Morten Tune

    2011-01-01

    DMUs konklusioner vedr. den økologiske risikovurdering af den genmodificerede, dobbelt insektresistente og herbicidtolerante bomuld GHB614 x LLCotton25 anvendt til import til Danmark Den genmodificerede GHB614 x LLCotton25-bomuldskrydsning adskiller sig fra konventionel bomuld ved at have indsat...

  2. Udvikling af intelligent legepraksis i trampoliner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elbæk, Lars; Karoff, Helle Skovbjerg; Rytz Alison, Sigrid

    2012-01-01

    Den digitale dimension ved børns leg spiller en stadig stigende rolle. Denne har nu også fundet vej til legeredskaber og senest til udvikling af et digitalt koncept til en havetrampolin. I design af trampolinen blev anvendt forskellige børneprofiler og legetyper som inspiration i udvikling af de ...

  3. Succesfulde virksomheder ledes af mænd - Ikke succesfulde af kvinder?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mona Toft; Madsen, Henning; Neergaard, Helle

    fra amerikanske og britiske undersøgelser (Schein, 1973, 75, 96; Ryan et al., 2005a) ved at teste dem i et kulturelt miljø karakteriseret af mere feminine ledertræk (Hofstede, 1991). Undersøgelsen tager udgangspunkt i et sæt af person-karakteristika, der er blevet anvendt til at undersøge sammenfald...

  4. Når lean organiserer på hospitalet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauge, Amalie Martinus

    Lean er kendt og anvendt af mange offentlige organisationer i Danmark. Selv om Leans anvendelighed de fleste steder er slået fast, bliver Lean imidlertid ved med at udfordre og skabe konflikt. Hvorfor det? Dette spørgsmål – og mange andre – bliver belyst i denne rapport, som er baseret på en Ph...

  5. Casting for Good Will

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grumsen, Stine Slot

    Afhandlingen udfordrer den måde hvorpå amerikansk tandlægehistorie bliver studeret, skrevet og anvendt ved at revidere en række problematiske narrativer, der er blevet ukritisk genfortalt indenfor dette felt. Afhandlingen undersøger, hvordan amerikanske tandlæger i begyndelsen af det tyvende århu...

  6. Læring af sygepleje i kliniske undervisningsforløb medieret af ePortfolio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    -hermeneutisk med inspiration af den franske filosof Paul Ricoeur og de britiske professorer i henholdsvis uddannelses- og samfundsforskning og sociologi Martyn Hammersley og Paul Atkinson samt den amerikanske professor i antropologi James P. Spradley. Ved hjælp af en læringsstilindikator blev et hold studerende på...... blev genereret ved deltagerobservationer, kvalitative interview og portfoliodokumenter. Computerprogrammet NVivo 9® blev anvendt til at systematisere data. Analyse og fortolkning af samtlige tekster forgik ved fortolkning på tre niveauer i relation til Ricoeurs fortolkningsteori. Resultater: Anvendelse...

  7. Forgiftningsselvmord undersøgt på Retsmedicinsk Institut, Aarhus Universitet, i perioden 1994-2003

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Axel Carsten; Jespersen, Bo; Kristensen, Ingrid Bayer

    2006-01-01

    self-poisoning examined at the Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Aarhus, during the years 1994-2003. The cases were subjected to a forensic autopsy and a toxicological screening for alcohol, drugs, carbon monoxide, cyanide and pesticides. RESULTS: This material included only 12......INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to identify the substances used in deliberate self-poisoning and to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of these cases, with the goal of improving prevention of suicides. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The material is made up of 121 cases of deliberate......% of the cases of deliberate self-poisoning in the area serviced by the Institute. 70% were caused by legal drugs and 17% by carbon monoxide. A total of 52 different substances were found. In one third of the cases, two or more substances were found in a lethal concentration. Analgesics and antidepressants were...

  8. Modelling Aṣṭādhyāyī: An Approach Based on the Methodology of Ancillary Disciplines (Vedāṅga)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Anand

    This article proposes a general model based on the common methodological approach of the ancillary disciplines (Vedāṅga) associated with the Vedas taking examples from Śikṣā, Chandas, Vyākaraṇa and Prātiśā khya texts. It develops and elaborates this model further to represent the contents and processes of Aṣṭādhyāyī. Certain key features are added to my earlier modelling of Pāṇinian system of Sanskrit grammar. This includes broader coverage of the Pāṇinian meta-language, mechanism for automatic application of rules and positioning the grammatical system within the procedural complexes of ancillary disciplines.

  9. Er det noen forskjell i muskelaktiveringen ved bilaterale kontra unilaterale amerikanske kettlebell svinger i rectus abdominis, external oblique, erector spinae og multifidus?

    OpenAIRE

    Slåttland, Roy-André Vang; Vraalsen, Øyvind Fougli

    2013-01-01

    Idrett og Kroppsøving ID3-323 Desember, 2013 Formålet med denne studien var å undersøke muskelaktiveringen i kettlebell-sving ved unilateral og bilateral trening, i og med at dette ikke er gjort tidligere. Etter 2-5 tilvenningsøkter (til teknikken ble godkjent av sertifisert kettlebell-instruktør) ble 15 friske og styrketrente menn (alder 24,9 år ± 6,1, høyde 179,5 cm ± 6,8, og vekt 79,5 kg ± 7,95) testet i 10 repetisjoner unilateralt og bilateralt i randomisert rekkefølge. EMG- akti...

  10. Mikrokirurgi ved plastikkirurgiske indgreb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    The most common indication for free flap surgery is breast reconstruction. Deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps are safe, quick and provide excellent cosmetic results. The reconstruction in head and neck cancer patients is more complex. The aims are preservation of function and appearance....... Free flaps are important in traumatology and the timing of intervention can make the difference between amputation and extremity conserving treatment. Due to the improvement in surgical technique failure rates as low as 2% can be seen. Post-operative monitoring is well-established in all microsurgical...

  11. Mikrokirurgi ved plastikkirurgiske indgreb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    The most common indication for free flap surgery is breast reconstruction. Deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps are safe, quick and provide excellent cosmetic results. The reconstruction in head and neck cancer patients is more complex. The aims are preservation of function and appearance...

  12. Psykose ved affektive lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2008-01-01

    Psychosis in affective disorder is prevalent as 15-20% of depressive patients and approximately 50% of manic patients present with psychotic features. Psychosis in conjunction with affective disorder has a poor prognosis. It is particularly so for depression where psychosis is associated...... with an increased risk of recurrence, development of bipolar disorder and suicide. It is still being debated whether these conditions reflect independent illness entities and their relationship to schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia is also unresolved Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/10...

  13. Psykose ved affektive lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2008-01-01

    Psychosis in affective disorder is prevalent as 15-20% of depressive patients and approximately 50% of manic patients present with psychotic features. Psychosis in conjunction with affective disorder has a poor prognosis. It is particularly so for depression where psychosis is associated...... with an increased risk of recurrence, development of bipolar disorder and suicide. It is still being debated whether these conditions reflect independent illness entities and their relationship to schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia is also unresolved....

  14. Mediastinoskopi ved bronkogent karcinom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøntved, A M; Olsen, J B; Sander, K M

    1995-01-01

    in order to evaluate the procedure. Two hundred and six males and 83 females were included in the study. The mean age was 63 years for men and 58 years for women. Mediastinoscopy was positive (N2 disease) in 113 cases (39%) and negative in 176 cases. The 113 N2 patients were not operated upon. One hundred...

  15. Cancerrisiko ved topikale immunmodulatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deleuran, Mette; Zachariae, Claus; Thestrup-Pedersen, Kristian

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews if local immunosuppression of atopic dermatitis is associated with an increased risk of cancer - as implicated by a warning issued by the FDA and EMEA health authorities because systemic immunosuppression of transplanted patients leads to a significant increase of non...

  16. Medicineringsfejl ved generisk substitution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rölfing, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Generic substitution is a major cause of medical mistakes in the general population. Danish legislation obligates pharmacies to substitute prescribed medicine with the cheapest equivalent formulation, despite variations in product name, packaging, shape and colour. Consequently, medical mistakes ...... occur. Scientific evidence on the consequences of generic substitution is sparse. Call upon fellow health workers to report medical mistakes to the national entities and scientific peers, in order to increase awareness and scientific evidence about the problem....

  17. Medicinproblemer ved sektorskifte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hanne Rolighed; Krølner, Bjørn K

    2009-01-01

    Prescribing involves careful considerations of outcome, duration of treatment and follow-up, and such considerations should be communicated to everyone involved in the medication process. Hospital admission and discharge involve a high risk of medication errors caused by unclear division of respo...

  18. Dyskinesier ved Parkinsons sygdom:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Birgitte Liang Chen; Herz, Damian Marc; Siebner, Hartwig Roman

    2017-01-01

    Dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease: an update on new neuroimaging methods and treatment possibilities Levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) represents a severe adverse effect of long-term treatment of Parkinson’s disease with levodopa. Neuroimaging studies have contributed to our understanding of LID...... and may help to identify patients at risk of developing LID. Amantadine can be used for the treatment of LID, and novel drugs are under development. Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus and globus pallidus internus alleviates LID, the former indirectly by reducing levodopa intake, the latter...

  19. Trombolyse ved iskaemisk apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Modrau, Boris; Vestergaard, Karsten; Iversen, Helle Klingenberg

    2007-01-01

    Thrombolysis is the only effective medical therapy for acute ischaemic stroke. The treatment has been approved in Europe since 2002. This article briefly summarises the pharmacological background of thrombolysis in cerebral ischaemic stroke. International experience with thrombolysis within...

  20. Vejledning ved ambulancetransport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Peter Anthony; Wammen, Susanne; Giebner, Matthias

    2010-01-01

    Inter-hospital transportation poses potential risks to staff and patients. The present guidelines recommend competency-based management dictated by the patient's clinical condition and medical requirements during transfer. The guidelines aim to: 1) improve patient and staff safety during transport...

  1. Mikrokirurgi ved plastikkirurgiske indgreb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    The most common indication for free flap surgery is breast reconstruction. Deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps are safe, quick and provide excellent cosmetic results. The reconstruction in head and neck cancer patients is more complex. The aims are preservation of function and appearance. F...

  2. Cimetidinbehandling ved cancer ventriculi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, H; Knigge, U P; Bülow, S

    1989-01-01

    The effect of cimetidine treatment in cancer of the stomach was investigated in a double-blind, multicentre study comprising eight departments in Greater Copenhagen. Immediately after operation (or the decision not to operate) 181 patients were subdivided at random to treatment with a placebo...

  3. Cancerrisiko ved topikale immunmodulatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deleuran, Mette; Zachariae, Claus; Thestrup-Pedersen, Kristian

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews if local immunosuppression of atopic dermatitis is associated with an increased risk of cancer - as implicated by a warning issued by the FDA and EMEA health authorities because systemic immunosuppression of transplanted patients leads to a significant increase of non-melanoma...... skin cancer and lymphoma. So far, no studies support that the use of topical immunosuppression increases the risk of local or systemic cancer. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug...

  4. Cancerrisiko ved topikale immunmodulatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deleuran, Mette; Zachariae, Claus; Thestrup-Pedersen, Kristian

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews if local immunosuppression of atopic dermatitis is associated with an increased risk of cancer - as implicated by a warning issued by the FDA and EMEA health authorities because systemic immunosuppression of transplanted patients leads to a significant increase of non-melanoma...... skin cancer and lymphoma. So far, no studies support that the use of topical immunosuppression increases the risk of local or systemic cancer. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-24...

  5. Neurologiske aspekter ved stammen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mertz, Line Bie; Østergaard, John R

    2006-01-01

    Stuttering is characterised by repetitions, prolongations and pausing while speaking. Researchers have looked for many explanations. However, the cause of stuttering remains unknown. In recent years, structural abnormalities in the speech-related structures of the central nervous system have been...... brought into focus as a cause of stuttering. Research has shown signs of a lateral hemisphere asymmetry, abnormalities in the basal ganglia, dysfunction in the supplementary motor area and/or a dysfunction in the coordination of the cerebellum. This article is a review of this part of the literature...

  6. Osteoporose ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    patients have higher risk of developing osteoporosis and hip fracture compared to those without PD because of lower bone mineral density (BMD) and lack of vitamin D. Prevention of fracture in PD patients should include fall-risk screening, BMD measurements by DXA scan and screening for risk factors......The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  7. Rehabilitering ved demenssygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindahl, Marianne Pia; Pedersen, Anders Degn; Villemoes Sørensen, Lisbeth

    2016-01-01

    Neurologiske patienter udgør en stigende andel af de hospitalsindlagte patienter og er meget ressourcekrævende. Det endelige mål med de terapeutiske interventioner er at opnå den bedste mulighed for, at patienten kan deltage i hverdagens og samfundets aktiviteter. I denne udgave er foretaget væse...... væsentlige ændringer. Der er lagt mere vægt på rehabilitering af de neurologiske patienter bl.a. beskrives de forskellige faggruppers interventioner i forbindelse med de store sygdomsgrupper....

  8. Hypofysefunktion ved haemokromatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen-Bjergaard, U; Thorsteinsson, B; Kirkegaard, B C

    1996-01-01

    A review of the literature on pituitary function in haemochromatosis is presented. In morphological studies pituitary iron deposition, in particular in gonadotropic cells, has been demonstrated. In a number of case series, insufficiency of pituitary gonadotropic secretion with clinical hypogonadism......, thyroid or adrenocortical insufficiency was usually associated with hypogonadism or growth hormone insufficiency. Investigation of pituitary function (in first line the gonadotropic and the somatotropic function) in patients with primary or secondary haemochromatosis is recommended on wide indications...

  9. Osteoporose ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  10. Psykologiske aspekter ved overvaegt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Svend Aage; Grønbaek, Helle; Olsen, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    Although knowledge of the biological aspects of obesity is increasing very rapidly, psychological approaches are increasingly in demand. Psychological theory and research concerning the emotional and cognitive impacts of being obese, the psychological causes involved in obesity......, and the psychological elements of treatment and motivations for treatment are requested. There is no clear separation between the psychological factors that function as causes of obesity and the psychological effects of obesity. Rather, they appear to be related in a circle of interconnectedness. This is important...... to keep in mind when seeking ways to motivate and support obese patients....

  11. Tryghed ved udskrivelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gryet, Inger Markussen; Kjærsgaard-Andersen, Anne Marie

    with questions as well as having information about which symptoms to be aware of after discharge, increases the number of patients who feel very secure. However, patients can feel secure even if some of these conditions are not present. Patients who felt very secure described the importance of a good atmosphere......Introduction According to international studies, a feeling of security is important for patients when discharge from the hospital. Feeling secure when discharged has been a national focus area in Denmark and national surveys show that about 12% of patients feel insecure when discharged. The nurses......% felt secure and 1% felt insecure. Results show that feeling physically ready to discharge and having the support needed from relatives and others after discharge, increase the number of patients who feel very secure. Likewise gaining information about medicine, further plans, knowing who to contact...

  12. Kroppen ved selv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Steen Nepper

    2016-01-01

    Anmelder Drude von der Fehr (red.): Den levende kroppen. Mot en ny forståelse av menneske og natur. Vidarforlaget. 392 sider. 299 N.kr.......Anmelder Drude von der Fehr (red.): Den levende kroppen. Mot en ny forståelse av menneske og natur. Vidarforlaget. 392 sider. 299 N.kr....

  13. Medicinproblemer ved sektorskifte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hanne Rolighed; Krølner, Bjørn K

    2009-01-01

    Prescribing involves careful considerations of outcome, duration of treatment and follow-up, and such considerations should be communicated to everyone involved in the medication process. Hospital admission and discharge involve a high risk of medication errors caused by unclear division...... of responsibilities, lack of communication, frequent exchanges between synonymous and analogous drugs, polypharmacy, compliance issues and insufficient education and training of staff. There is an obvious need for a joint internet-based online prescription system covering all physicians. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Mar...

  14. Immunsystemet ved kronisk inflammation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    Innate and adaptive immunity has evolved as a defence against infections and as an important repair mechanism after physical injury. If elimination of microbes and healing is not achieved, or if the immune system is dysregulated, chronic inflammation ensues. Immune cells become engaged in prolonged...... reactions with other cell types in vessels and organs, frequently with superimposed autoreactive T-cells and autoantibody-producing B-cells/plasma cells. The processes are distinguished on the basis of clinical manifestations in organ-specific and systemic inflammatory diseases. The underlying factors...

  15. Det varer ved

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Olaf Pepke

    2017-01-01

    Naturvidenskaben siger ikke, at livet ikke har mening, Den siger blot, at den ikke kan besvare spørgsmålet. Som forsker kan man– også uden at være troende – deducere sig frem til, at kristendommen udgør et filosofisk tilfredsstillende grundlag for tilværelsen....

  16. Psykose ved affektive lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2008-01-01

    Psychosis in affective disorder is prevalent as 15-20% of depressive patients and approximately 50% of manic patients present with psychotic features. Psychosis in conjunction with affective disorder has a poor prognosis. It is particularly so for depression where psychosis is associated with an ...... with an increased risk of recurrence, development of bipolar disorder and suicide. It is still being debated whether these conditions reflect independent illness entities and their relationship to schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia is also unresolved.......Psychosis in affective disorder is prevalent as 15-20% of depressive patients and approximately 50% of manic patients present with psychotic features. Psychosis in conjunction with affective disorder has a poor prognosis. It is particularly so for depression where psychosis is associated...

  17. Psykose ved affektive lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2008-01-01

    with an increased risk of recurrence, development of bipolar disorder and suicide. It is still being debated whether these conditions reflect independent illness entities and their relationship to schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia is also unresolved Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/10......Psychosis in affective disorder is prevalent as 15-20% of depressive patients and approximately 50% of manic patients present with psychotic features. Psychosis in conjunction with affective disorder has a poor prognosis. It is particularly so for depression where psychosis is associated...

  18. Fysiologiske aendringer ved fibromyalgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bliddal, Henning; Bartels, Else Marie; Jespersen, Anders

    2010-01-01

    A number of physiological changes, some measurable as changes in biomarkers, have been described in fibromyalgia (FM). These include changes in cytokine serum levels and elevated levels of some neurotransmitters in the cerebrospinal fluid. None of these measurements have been validated for diagno......A number of physiological changes, some measurable as changes in biomarkers, have been described in fibromyalgia (FM). These include changes in cytokine serum levels and elevated levels of some neurotransmitters in the cerebrospinal fluid. None of these measurements have been validated...... for diagnosis or follow-up in FM. It is suggested that non-invasive methods which hold the potential to evaluate the severity of FM and serve as therapy targets should be developed in the future....

  19. Aortahomograftoperationer ved svaer endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foghsgaard, S.; Kjaergard, H.K.; Bruun, Niels Eske

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Severe endocarditis of the native aortic valve or a prosthetic valve with destruction of the cusps, paravalvular abscess formation and/or fistulas caused by aggressive bacteria has a mortality of almost 100% without surgery. The objective was to evaluate the results of treatment wit...... in an intravenous drug abuser was registered after 4 years. CONCLUSION: An aortic homograft in combination with intravenous antibiotics is an excellent treatment of severe endocarditis in the aortic valve or an aortic valve prosthesis Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5/5...

  20. Vejledning ved ambulancetransport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Peter Anthony; Wammen, Susanne; Giebner, Matthias

    2010-01-01

    Inter-hospital transportation poses potential risks to staff and patients. The present guidelines recommend competency-based management dictated by the patient's clinical condition and medical requirements during transfer. The guidelines aim to: 1) improve patient and staff safety during transport......, 2) minimize the occurrence of adverse events during transport, 3) ensure that accompanying staff are trained for and skilled in transfer and retrieval medicine and 4) encourage optimal utilisation of available competencies without unnecessarily draining hospital resources....

  1. Immunsystemet ved kronisk inflammation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    Innate and adaptive immunity has evolved as a defence against infections and as an important repair mechanism after physical injury. If elimination of microbes and healing is not achieved, or if the immune system is dysregulated, chronic inflammation ensues. Immune cells become engaged in prolonged...

  2. Operationsteknikker ved section

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabakke, Anna J M; Secher, Niels Jørgen; Krebs, Lone

    2014-01-01

    Caesarean section (CS) is a common surgical procedure, and in Denmark 21% of deliveries is by CS. There is an increasing amount of scientific evidence to support the different surgical techniques used at CS. This article reviews the literature regarding CS techniques. There is still a lack of evi...

  3. Smerter ved akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, F E; Sørensen, H T; Klausen, I C

    1989-01-01

    consecutively with the first episode of AMI. In these patients, the presence of any clinical and paraclinical parameters which could predict the employment of analgesics and the duration of pain while hospitalized were investigated. A significant connection was found between the presence of pulmonary stasis...... on administration to hospital and the total employment of analgesics during hospitalization. Patients with pulmonary stasis have frequently extensive infarcts and a significant connection was found between the enzyme-estimated extent of the infarct and the employment of analgesics and duration of pain. In contrast...

  4. Beretning for Bulbrogård 2012 (BU2012), aristokratisk kompleks. NM I journalnr. 7701/94 Store Fuglede sogn, Ars herred, (Holbæk Amt) Region Sjælland. Sted nr. 03.01.06 – sb. nr. 102 Kort nr. 1413 III NØ Beretning for undersøgelse aristokratisk kompleks fra det 6. – 7. årh. ved Bulbrogård ved Tissø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bican, Josefine Franck

    De afsluttende undersøgelser på Bulbrogård 2012 bød på nye og overraskende resultater: Bulbrogård har fået en ny fase. Som det nogle gange sker, bliver man mere forvirret end oplyst ved at få mere viden – dette er også tilfældet her. Den ny hal (hus 7) kan være det manglende arkitektoniske bindel...

  5. Slutrapport for Implementering af energibesparelser ved benyttelse af  højkvalitets LED belysning PSO 339‐025

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam-Hansen, Carsten; Thorseth, Anders; Poulsen, Peter Behrensdorff

    2010-01-01

    Denne rapport indeholder en beskrivelse af forsknings og udviklingsprojektet ”Implementering af energibesparelser ved benyttelse af højkvalitets LED belysning”. Projektet er udført i et samarbejde imellem DTU Fotonik, Teknologisk Institut, De Danske Kongers Kronologiske Samling (DKKS), Lumodan, Osram, Thermex og DONG Energy under ledelse af Carsten Dam-Hansen, DTU Fotonik. Projektet er finansieret af Dansk Energi under Elforsk’s PSO...... program, indsatsområde 3a. LED belysning. Projektet har projekt nr. PSO 339‐025 og blev startet i februar 2007 og er afsluttet i marts 2010.   I...

  6. Plantekoner og priklebørn – kvinder og børn som arbejdskraft ved hedens forvandling, ca. 1880-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helle Serup

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Det er artiklens primære målsætning at påvise eksistensen af kvinde- og børnearbejde i skoven. Mange fotografier og erindringer henviser til dette arbejde, men vi ved reelt intet om omfanget. Her er gjort et forsøg på at beskrive og kvantificerekvinders og børns arbejde ved produktionen af planter på Hedeselskabets planteskole i Birkebæk i perioden fra 1890 til 1932 ud fra betalingslisterne i planteskolens regnskaber. Oplysningerne heri er suppleret med erindringsbeskrivelserog fotografier.Resultatet af undersøgelsen er et større kendskab til arbejdsfordelingen mellem kønnene. Kvinder og børn har udgjort en meget vigtig arbejdskraft i planteproduktionen, men det reelle omfang er stadig ukendt, da tallene heri udelukkendeviser en lokal situation.Producing Plants – Women and Children as a Workforce duringthe Transformation of the Jutland Heathlands, ca. 1880-1930It is the aim of this study to document the existence of women and children working in the forest. A number of photos and memoirs mention this kind of work, but in reality we do not have much knowledge of the type and extent of thiswork. Here, a qualified attempt is made at describing and quantifying the work of women and children in producing forest plants at a nursery in Birkebæk, owned by Hedeselskabet (The Danish Heath Society during the period 1890-1932. Thisis done by examining the wage accounts. Women and children are not mentioned specifically by name, but their share of the work may be gauged by looking at the wage levels. The days and hours enumerated at low pay represent the amountof work performed by women and children. To ensure that this was actually the case, wages in the accounts were compared to the few scraps of local information available and to the statistical information on wage levels. From the accounts may be seen that the work was strictly divided on the basisof sex and age. Men did the heavy work, such as handling the horses (ploughing, harrowing

  7. Model and Montage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meldgaard, Morten

    2012-01-01

    Bidraget søger at sammenkæde forskellige modelpraksis med montage teoriens tænkning. De anvendte cases er dels lavet på laserskærer og dels udført i skala 1:1, begge af studerende ved Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole. Dette empiriske materiale møder en mere teoretisk funderet reflektion, i artiklen ...... som diskuterer hvad en model er, og hvilket forhold der er mellem en analog og en digital praksis....

  8. Organisering af basal uddannelse i laparoskopisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Lars; Høj, Lars; Poulsen, Johan

    2010-01-01

    evalueringsmetode er anvendt objective structured clinical examination (OSCE-test) og objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS-test). Resultater: Af de 106 læger er der færdigtrænet 80 læger på modul 1 og 2. Deltagernes fordeling på specialer var ved modul 1: kirurgi 47 læger, urologi 14 læger og...

  9. Case04

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter

    Casestudiets formål er at beskrive og måle en større entreprenørvirksomheds omkostninger og gevin-ster ved at anvende metoder og værktøjer, der er modelbaserede. Case 04 tager udgangspunkt i et konkret byggeprojekt, hvor BIM teknologien er anvendt på et for den danske entreprenørbranche rela...

  10. Ti års erfaring med førstetrimester screening for føtal aneuploidi ved hjælp af biokemi fra gestationsuge 6+0 til 13+6

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørring, Niels; Petersen, Olav Bjørn; Uldbjerg, Niels

    2014-01-01

    i gestationsugerne 8-10. Formål At validere resultaterne af det danske screeningsprogram af første trimester screening for føtal trisomi 21, trisomi 13, trisomi 18 samt triploidi i perioden 2003 til 2013 Datasæt Region Midtjyllands database (RM) (oktober 2003 til oktober 2013); n = 147.......768. (blodprøver overvejende fra gestationsuge 8-10) Den Nationale FøtoDatabase (FD) (oktober 2008 til august 2011); n = 220.739 (blodprøver fra gestationsuge 8-13) Resultater Detektion af Trisomi 21: Første trimester ved cut off 1:300. Den signifikant bedre detektionsrate for føtal trisomi 21 ved brug af...... blodprøve i gestationsuge 9 sammenlignet med øvrige uger skyldes at PAPP-A´s diskriminationsevne er maksimal omkring gestationsuge 9. Detektion af Trisomi 18, 13 og triploidi: Tallene i parentes angiver detektionsraten efter inklusion af misdannelsesscanning i gestationsuge 18-19. Singleton (alle prøver...

  11. Læring af sygepleje i kliniske undervisningsforløb medieret af ePortfolio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    den franske filosof Paul Ricoeur og de britiske professorer i henholdsvis uddannelses- og samfundsforskning og sociologi Martyn Hammersley og Paul Atkinson samt den amerikanske professor i antropologi James P. Spradley. Ved hjælp af en læringsstilindikator blev et hold studerende på modul 4 inddelt i...... deltagerobservationer, kvalitative interview og portfoliodokumenter. Computerprogrammet NVivo 9® blev anvendt til at systematisere data. Analyse og fortolkning af samtlige tekster forgik ved fortolkning på tre niveauer i relation til Ricoeurs fortolkningsteori. Resultater: Anvendelse af ePortfolio var forskellig i...

  12. Kønsforskelle ved autoimmune sygdomme illustreret ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Dreyer, Lene

    2007-01-01

    Many autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) show gender differences. RA is triggered by an interaction between genetic, hormonal, environmental and behavioural factors. 75% of cases are women under the age of 60; lover the age 60 the gender ratio is 1:1. Different genotypes predispose...

  13. Forbedret prognose ved letkædenefropati ved myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Jakob Søgaard; Larsen, Thomas; Marcussen, Niels

    2012-01-01

    A 64 year-old woman with acute renal failure and cast nephropathy due to excessive production of lambda free light chains received chemotherapy (using bortezomib and dexamethason) and haemodialysis with a high cut off-filter. The concentration of free light chains was markedly reduced after...

  14. Fagligt Forum ved en skillevej

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Claus

    2008-01-01

    Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000......Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000...

  15. Monitering af kromudledningen ved Qaqortoq

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C.

    the waste water at the tannery and to dis-charge it continuously in order to reduce possible acute toxic impacts of the environment, to test the acute toxicity of the discharge water, to monitor the environment around Great Greenland in a similar study, e.q. every third year, and to study excretion...... analysed by Great Greenland and DMU, AM, respectively, with the use of two different methods, and no significant differences were found in chromium concentrations. This result was found also in 1991. The chromium concentration in the waste water batches of 3-5 m3 are 0.5-0.7 g/l. It is recommended to treat......, an increase in the impacted area, and an increase in chromium discharge (from 200 to 312 kgs per year (1995) and 229 kgs per year (1997)). There seems to be no health risk to ingest relatively large quantities of blue mussels from the impacted area around the tannery. Nine samples of discharge water were...

  16. Procedurespecifik smertebehandling ved laparoskopisk colonresektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars Peter Holst; Werner, Mads U; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    The optimal pain management in relation to laparoscopic colonic surgery remains unclarified. This article presents studies concerning the analgesic effects of paracetamol, NSAIDs, opioids, spinal and epidural blockade, transversus abdominis plane-block, infiltration and intraperitoneal local...

  17. Kolorektal cancerudvikling ved colitis ulcerosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallesøe, Jane; Langholz, E.; Frisch, Morten

    2010-01-01

    Ulcerative colitis (UC) is believed to carry a predisposition to colorectal cancer (CRC) development. International clinical guidelines suggest that UC patients should have a colonoscopy performed every year or up to every third year from approximately eight years after diagnosis for early...

  18. Genetisk udredning ved infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kjærsgaard; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Møller, Rikke Steensbjerre

    2012-01-01

    Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH as the fi......Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH...

  19. Perioperativ vaeskebehandling ved perforeret ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Catherine Collin; Holte, Kathrine

    2009-01-01

    : Retrospective survey of 45 consecutive patients operated for perforated ulcers over a 3-year period between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2005 in the surgical department of a university hospital. RESULTS: Data that would permit rational fluid therapy are not being collected on a regular basis. Fluid balance...

  20. Dødsulykker ved bygningsbrande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Gregersen, Markil Ebbe Gregers; Sabroe, Svend

    1998-01-01

    (66 men and 70 women), 1988-93: 363 (212 men and 150 women), mostly due to an increase in tobacco-smoking related fire accidents. In 1988-93 the three common causes of housefire deaths were tobacco-smoking, often in combination with alcohol intoxication or handicap (51%), cooking-accidents (10......%) and accidents with candles (9%). The largest risk groups were chronic alcoholics, handicapped and elderly people. In conclusion, warnings should be issued against smoking in bed and use of loose-fitting clothing while cooking on an open fire. Protective aprons and devices for use while smoking, self......-extinguishing cigarettes and use of fireproof materials in furniture and clothing may prevent ignition. Smoke-alarms may secure early warning....

  1. Ekstraintestinale manifestationer ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Signe; Bendtzen, Klaus; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2009-01-01

    dermatological manifestations, while episcleritis, iridocyclitis and uveitis are common ophthalmological complications. Conventional drugs and biologicals have proven effective in the treatment of several of the manifestations, including peripheral arthritis, pyoderma gangraenosum and episcleritis...

  2. Fordele og ulemper ved forbrugergenetik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Camilla Worm; Gerdes, Anne-Marie Axø

    2017-01-01

    Direct-to-consumer genetic tests are sold over the internet to consumers all over the world - including Denmark. No regulation of these tests has been introduced neither in Denmark nor in Europe, even though they have been on the market since 2007. Such tests have several advantages, but indeed...... also a long list of potential disadvantages, which are most often ignored, and among these is insufficient training of general practitioners in performing the necessary counselling but also the risk of increased expenses to unnecessary follow-up consultations....

  3. Flankesmerter ved nyre- og uretersten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Katja Venborg; Drewes, Asbjørn Mohr; Osther, Palle Jørn Sloth

    2011-01-01

    with recurrent stones, the colics may be more intense due to sensitisation of the nervous system. Furthermore, painful diseases in the reproductive organs can enhance stone colics. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the first choice for stone colics because they act by reducing the renal pelvic pressure.......Flank pain is common and often associated with stone colics. Similar pain characteristics can, however, be observed in other diseases. Stone colics have all the characteristics of visceral pain. The pain is diffuse, often referred to the body wall and accompanied by autonomic reflexes. In patients...

  4. Kirurgisk behandling ved lokalavanceret pancreascancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Pless, Torsten; Hovendal, Claus

    2009-01-01

    Treatment of patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer remains a challenge, and the exact role of surgery with vascular resection remains unclear. Several studies on selected patient populations have addressed the problem, but with varying results. Although venous resection may be performe...

  5. Neurobiologien ved borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rune; Simonsen, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterised by instability of affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. The aim of this status article is to provide a brief overview of the neurobiological underpinnings of the core...... dimensions in BPD, as well as of the potential clinical implications. The latest results from genetic, endocrinologic, neuropsychologic, and neuroimaging research in identifying the dysfunctional neurobiological systems that could play a role in diathesis to BPD are presented....

  6. Bruk av respirasjonsmusklatur ved song

    OpenAIRE

    Askeland, Ragnhild

    2009-01-01

    Use of muscles of respiration in singing This paper reviews research on use of respiration muscles during singing in singers within the classical tradition. A singer needs to maintain a minutely exact control of subglottal pressure. This control is mediated by the muscles of respiration. The diaphragm, external and parasternal internal intercostals and levatores costarum muscles belong to the group of inspiratory muscles, and abdominal muscles, interosseal internal intercostals and transv...

  7. Nye terapeutiske styringsmuligheder ved leukaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, A W; Hokland, P; Jørgensen, H

    1992-01-01

    Investigations on the configuration of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes have become more and more widespread. Through these methods it is possible to identify malignant clones, which by a transforming event have been blocked in further differentiation but continued to proliferate....... Such clonal expansions can be verified by the Southern Blotting procedure as differences in molecular weight between normal and rearranged DNA fragments. In the lymphatic disorders it is possible to assign the malignant clone to B cell lineage by rearrangement in the immunoglobulin light chain gene, while...... heavy chain and T-cell receptor genes do not show consistency in lineage restriction. In a study on AML patients with solitary expression of the T-cell marker CD7 we have identified a similarity in TCR beta and delta gene configurations, indicating a correlation between etiology and genetic pattern...

  8. Behandling ved tidlig Hodgkin's sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L K; Carde, P; Mauch, P

    1993-01-01

    indicate that we still do not definitively know whether or not the early addition of prophylactic chemotherapy improves survival. Arguments in favour of early chemotherapy are: that laparotomy may be avoided, that radiation fields and doses may perhaps be reduced, and that the stress of experiencing...

  9. Det ved vi om Feedback

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Vibeke; Bærenholdt, Jørgen

    Præsentation af forskningsviden om feedback i forskellige personkonstellationer i undervisningen: Feedback fra lærer til elev, fra elever til lærer, fra elev til elev og elevens eget arbejde med feedback til sig selv. De præsenterede forskningsresultater er udvalgt dels inden for en kognitivistisk...

  10. Psykosociale aspekter ved dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E; Stenager, E N; Knudsen, Lone

    1995-01-01

    Using multiple sclerosis as a model, it is demonstrated how a chronic neurological disorder has psychosocial consequences during the period between onset and diagnosis, at the time of diagnosis, and in the post-diagnostic period. The impact of the disorder on self-esteem, civil status, habitation...

  11. Biologiske behandlingsmuligheder ved Graves' oftalmopati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El Fassi, Daniel; Nielsen, Claus; Hegedüs, Laszlo

    2008-01-01

    The current medical treatment options for Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) are unsatisfactory. Recent treatment of GO patients with the B-lymphocyte depleting monoclonal antibody rituximab or with the anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha agents etanercept and infliximab has shown promising results. We...... discuss the use of these and other biological agents targeting B lymphocytes, T-lymphocyte interaction with antigen-presenting cells, or cytokines in the future treatment of GO....

  12. Pneumocystepneumoni ved behandling med infliximab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josephson, Maria Eklund; Kristensen, Lena Hagelskjaer; Andersen, Vibeke

    2008-01-01

    The treatment of ulcerative colitis has improved since the appearance of Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitors. However, the use of TNF-alpha inhibitors increases the risk of opportunistic infections. We describe two cases of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia during infliximab therapy...... for active ulcerative colitis. They were successfully treated with sulfametoxazole/trimetroprim. High awareness of P. jiroveci pneumonia in patients who develop pulmonary symptoms with hypoxia during TNF-alpha modulator therapy is recommended....

  13. Ekstraintestinale manifestationer ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Signe; Bendtzen, Klaus; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2009-01-01

    Extraintestinal manifestations are relatively common in chronic inflammatory bowel disease and affect joints, skin, eyes and bile ducts. The most frequent rheumatologic manifestations are peripheral arthritis and axial arthropathies. Erythema nodosum and pyoderma gangraenosum are common...... dermatological manifestations, while episcleritis, iridocyclitis and uveitis are common ophthalmological complications. Conventional drugs and biologicals have proven effective in the treatment of several of the manifestations, including peripheral arthritis, pyoderma gangraenosum and episcleritis...

  14. Neurobiologien ved borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Erik; Andersen, Rune

    2012-01-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterised by instability of affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. The aim of this status article is to provide a brief overview of the neurobiological underpinnings of the core...

  15. Bag ved skyerne skinner solen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zobbe, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen......På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen...

  16. Ved vejen – I komplekset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2007-01-01

    tendens til større vinduer, færre vægge og større rum, som er både poly-funktionelle og poly-sociale. Desuden har virtuelle strømme en stor betydning i hverdagen, gennem computer, tv og telefon. Artiklen undersøger relationer mellem materialitet og sociale relationer og argumenterer for, at de to er...

  17. Usikkerhed om behandlingsstrategien ved tymomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abildgaard, Julie; Pappot, Helle; Petersen, Peter Meidahl

    2012-01-01

    Thymomas are the most frequently occurring tumours of the anterior mediastinum. However, they only constitue less than 1% of the total number of malignant diseases. The incidence in the USA is 0.15 per 100.000 persons per year, and the disease is most frequent in persons between 40 and 60 years...... of age. Because of the rarity of thymomas, lack of uniformity in treatment has been a major problem over the years. Therefore, international collaborations have been established, and national oncological centralisation of management has been arranged in order to improve the treatment and prognosis....

  18. Telomerers rolle ved aldersbetingede sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix, Laila; Kølvraa, Steen

    2010-01-01

    . On the other hand, the association between telomere length and mortality is poor. Nevertheless, it has been suggested that telomeres may play a role in the development of many aging-related diseases. This has led to attempts to develop telomere-elongating treatment.......Telomeres are specialized DNA structures, protecting the ends of linear chromosomes. The association between telomeres and cellular aging is well-established, and it has been shown that there is a negative correlation between telomere length and chronological age for many types of human tissue...

  19. Genetisk udredning ved infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgaard Hansen, Lars; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Møller, Rikke Steensbjerre

    2012-01-01

    Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH...

  20. Smertemekanismer ved kroniske muskuloskeletale tilstande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graven-Nielsen, Thomas; Arendt-Nielsen, Lars; Madeleine, Pascal

    2010-01-01

    Manifestations, quantitative assessment, genetic predisposition and mechanisms in musculoskeletal pain are presented. Quantitative sensory testing provides an opportunity to evaluate pain manifestations and mechanisms. Peripheral sensitization is important for the increased sensitivity of deep...

  1. Kolorektal cancerudvikling ved colitis ulcerosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallesøe, Jane; Langholz, E.; Frisch, Morten

    2010-01-01

    Ulcerative colitis (UC) is believed to carry a predisposition to colorectal cancer (CRC) development. International clinical guidelines suggest that UC patients should have a colonoscopy performed every year or up to every third year from approximately eight years after diagnosis for early...... detection of CRC/dysplasia. However, according to the Danish epidemiological data available, such recommendations are dubious. The present mini review focuses on this matter for the UC population in Denmark...

  2. Nye metoder ved gastrointestinal endoskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stigaard, Trine; Meisner, Søren

    2010-01-01

    The development of diagnostic and therapeutic flexible endoscopy is vivid. This article describes some of the most recent diagnostic techniques: Narrow Band Imaging, Fujinon Intelligent Color Enhancement, Autofluorescence Imaging, Optical Coherence Tomography, Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy. Liter....... Literature was found through searches on PUBMED and written information from Olympus, Fujinon and Pentax. Which techniques will be used in the future? Will optical biopsy soon be possible? We need more controlled studies....

  3. Kommentarer til SNS, Glycine max (A2704-12), vurdering af konsekvenserne ved at importere og anvende sojabønnerne på den måde, det er beskrevet i ansøgningen, modtaget 20-02-2006, deadline 01-05-2006

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Damgaard, Christian; Strandberg, Morten Tune

    2006-01-01

    "Den genmodificerede sojabønne A2704-12 adskiller sig fra konventionelle sojabønner ved at have indsat et gen der gør planterne tolerante over for glufosinat-ammonium herbicider. Sojabønnen søges kun godkendt til import og viderebearbejdning til bl.a. dyrefoder og fødevarer, men ikke til dyrkning...

  4. Praksis som læringsmetode i ingeniørutdanningen – erfaringer fra ingeniørstudiet i undervannsteknologi - drift og vedlikehold ved Høgskolen i Bergen (HiB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Linde Lossius

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Norsk ingeniørutdanning har blitt kritisert for å være for teoretisk. Næringslivets hovedorganisasjon (NHO m.fl. startet derfor prosjektet «Lærlingeordning i høyere utdannelse». Høgskolen i Bergen dro nytte av erfaringene derfra, og i 2007 – da bachelorstudiet i undervannsteknologi startet – var forutsetningen at studiet skulle ha stor praksisandel og mye kontakt med lokalt næringsliv. Studiet har blitt Norges mest etterspurte treårige ingeniørstudium. Frafallet har vært lavere enn ved andre ingeniørstudier. Studiet har inneholdt flere praksisformer, hvorav bacheloroppgave i bedrift, ingeniørpraksis og verkstedpraksis ble regnet som de mest utbytterike ut fra svar i spørreundersøkelsene. 72 % av studentene anså praksis som en viktig årsak til at de søkte. Faglig interesse og utsikt til gode jobber var dog viktigst. 71 % av studentene opplevde at praksis underveis ville gjøre dem til bedre ingeniører, mens 55 % mente det hadde innvirkning på at de fullførte studiet. Praksisbedriftene har tjent ved bedret rekruttering, de største opptil 0,7 ansatt per praksisplass. Praksisorganisering er krevende, og kvalitetssikring og oppfølging er viktig for å få et godt resultat. Bedriftsnettverk er gode støttespillere, men skolen må også avsette nok ressurser til arbeidet. Siden skader kan skje i industrien, må forsikringsordninger av studenter i praksis settes på den politiske agendaen slik at regelverket kan endres. Summary Norwegian engineering studies has been criticized of being too theoretical. Bergen University College used experiences from the project “Apprenticeship in higher education” when starting the engineering program in Subsea technology in 2007. Much practice and contact with local industry was requested. The program has become popular and dropout is lower than in comparable programs. Student surveys revealed the most rewarding practice to be a company-based Bachelor thesis, engineer internships and

  5. Hvordan får man succes med Business Intelligence anvendt til data på danske universiteter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaardboe, Rikke; Nyvang, Tom; Jensen, Erling

    Dansk universiteter anvender Business Intelligence (BI) til at indfange, gemme, tilgå og analysere data, der hjælper brugerne til at træffe bedre beslutninger. I henhold til Hartley and Seymour (2011), spiller BI en vigtig rolle til at forbedre servicen i den offentlige sektor. Selvom teknologien...

  6. Efterforskning af drab i Kosovo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind

    2000-01-01

    Gennemgang af baggrunden for den retsmedicinske mission til Kosovo i 1999, og af 50 obduktioner udført af forfatteren i denne forbindelse.......Gennemgang af baggrunden for den retsmedicinske mission til Kosovo i 1999, og af 50 obduktioner udført af forfatteren i denne forbindelse....

  7. E-tiviteter som eksamensform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anette Grønning

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Med udgangspunkt i faget "Digital kommunikation på arbejde" præsenterer og diskuterer denne artikel en række anvendte digitale eksamensformer (e-tiviteter. E-tiviteterne er udarbejdet på baggrund af Gilly Salmons 5-fase-model og e-tivitetskoncept. Den anvendte e-læringsplatform er Blackboard, som de studerende og underviseren kender i forvejen. I artiklen præsenteres fagets e-tiviteter og undervisningsforløbet med e-tiviteter som eksamensform diskuteres. En række fordele og ulemper ved at veksle mellem offline- og online-aktiviteter (blended learning bliver behandlet. Det konkluderes, at de studerendes engagement og motivation kan øges ved at koble e-tiviteter sammen med eksamensformen "80% tilstedeværelse og aktiv deltagelse". Desuden fremhæves det, at aktivitetsniveauet mellem lektionerne og forberedelsesomfaget øges, ligesom de studerende motiveres til higher order thinking ved fx at tage ansvar for egen læring, udføre analyse og indgå i processen med kritisk refleksion. Endelig muliggør online-forløbet, at hele processen dokumenteres i faget til gavn for både underviser og studerende.

  8. Web 2.0 - Lær dog af Obama!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ivang, Reimer

    2009-01-01

    At Obama vandt 2008 præsidentvalget ved at anvende web 2.0 teknologier, er ingen hemmelighed. Men hvordan gjorde han det? Og hvorfor var det så effektfuldt? Dette blogindlæg ser Obama efter i kortene, og kortlægger den læring, som danske virksomheder kan høste af den fantastiske strategi, Obama......-kampagnen anvendte. Læs her og få inspiration til din Web, Nyhedsbrevs eller Facebook strategi!...

  9. Sanitary survey rapport 4: Lillebælt og det Sydfynske Øhav

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Martin Mørk; Jakobsen, Hans Henrik; Göke, Cordula

    Denne sanitary survey vurderer de potentielle mikrobiologiske forureningskilder, der kan have betydning for muslingeproduktionen i Lillebælt og det Sydfynske Øhav. Lillebælt og det Sydfynske Øhav er underopdelt i 11 produktionsområder, der er vurderet hver for sig. Bakterien E. coli er anvendt so...... ved lave forekomster af E. coli med relativt få observationer af E. coli i kritiske koncentrationer, men de fleste produktionsområder har dog for få prøvetagninger til at opnå en permanent klassificering. Rapporten indeholder forslag til en prøvetagningsplan, som tager udgangspunkt i EU...

  10. Using x-ray tomography and lattice Boltzmann modeling to evaluate pore-scale processes in porous media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Britt Stenhøj Baun

    En kombination af eksperimentelt arbejde og numerisk modellering blev anvendt til undersøgelse af poreskala to-fase strømning i porøse medie systemer af sand og glasperler. Det eksperimentelle arbejde gjorde brug af den ikke-indtrængende og ikke-destruktive røntgenstråle billedmetode CT-teknik (C......En kombination af eksperimentelt arbejde og numerisk modellering blev anvendt til undersøgelse af poreskala to-fase strømning i porøse medie systemer af sand og glasperler. Det eksperimentelle arbejde gjorde brug af den ikke-indtrængende og ikke-destruktive røntgenstråle billedmetode CT......-teknik (Computed Tomography) til at visualisere og kvantificere de eksperimentelle poreskala systemer. Både en medicinsk CT-scanner og et synkrotron baseret skanningssystem med høj billede opløselighed blev anvendt. Numerisk modellering af poreskala processerne blev gjort ved hjælp af en lattice Boltzmann model...... overfladeareal mellem faserne udledt fra de eksperimentelle billeder. De opnåede forsøgsdata kan udgøre en nyttig database til hjælp med udvikling af teorier for poreskala processer, men dataene kan især fremme udvikling og testning af poreskala modeller. Olie-vand-glasperle forsøgene blev brugt som udgangspunkt...

  11. ”Den lange rejse …” – metaforiske betydningslag i filmmediet En analyse af Aarhus Universitets vejlednings-, branding- og rekrutteringskampagne 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Petersen

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Artiklen tager udgangspunkt i kampagnefilmen ”Tænk. Hvis det er dig”, som var en del af den branding-, vejlednings- og rekrutteringskampagne, som Aarhus Universitet lancerede i 2012, og på baggrund af en analyse af filmens komposition samt billed- og lydside undersøger artiklen, hvordan kampagnefilmen opbygger en handlingsmæssig struktur, som realiserer en grundlæggende metaforisk forståelse af ’uddannelse som en rejse’. Ved hjælp af George Lakoff og Mark Johnsons metaforteori undersøges den anvendte metafors beskaffenhed, struktur og betydning(er, og i artiklen argumenterer vi for en tolkning af den anvendte metafor som ’uddannelse som en moderne dannelsesrejse’. Lakoff og Johnsons metaforteori, som tager udgangspunkt i sproglige tegn, vil i denne artikel blive anvendt på analysen af visuelle tegn, og dermed ønsker vi at demonstrere, at et oprindeligt sproglig-tekstuelt baseret metaforbegreb også kan bidrage til en bedre forst.else af visuel-fi lmiske narrative teknikker.

  12. Receptindløst anti-osteoporotisk behandling i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Carrinna; Konradsen, Hanne; Pedersen, Birthe D.

    den farmaceutiske behandling er fortsat uklare. Formål: At opnå en dybere forståelse af patienters liv med osteoporose ved at bestemme omfanget af, samt beskrive faktorer vedrørende receptindløst compliance og vedholdenhed af oral anti-osteoporotisk behandling blandt nye brugere af oral anti......-osteoporotisk medicin i Danmark. Metode: En epidemiologisk registerbaseret national åben kohorte undersøgelse af compliance og vedholdenhed af anti-osteoporotisk behandling. Undersøgelsen omfattede 100.949 mænd og kvinder. Statistiske analyser blev anvendt til at forklare årsager til behandlingssvigt, herunder backward...... præparater, hormon behandling, prednisolon og anti-depressiva, ko-morbiditeter særligt 3 og derover, lunge og reumatologisk lidelser. Konklusion: Studiets fund bidrager med ny viden vedrørende compliance problematikken, ved at beskrive afgørende faktorer for potentielle risikogrupper. Resultaterne peger...

  13. Kan der være fuld momsfradragsret for udgifter relateret til et holdingselskabs erhvervelse og besiddelse af aktier i datterselskaber mv.?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Dennis Ramsdahl

    2015-01-01

    Det er ubestridt, at Momssystemdirektivets (MSD) art. 168 (implementeret i dansk ret ved momslovens (ML) § 37) indebærer, at der er fuldt momsfradrag for indkøb af varer og ydelser, som udelukkende anvendes (eller påtænkes anvendt) til brug for den afgiftspligtige persons momspligtige transaktioner...... opnås delvis fradragsret på grundlag af en beregnet pro rata sats for moms, der er betalt af indkøb relateret til såvel momspligtige som momsfritagne transaktioner, jf. således MSD art. 173-175 (implementeret ved ML § 38, stk. 1). Det må endelig anses for ubestridt, at der ikke er adgang til...

  14. Antibiotikavalg ved purulent meningitis uden bakteriologisk diagnose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, H B

    1989-01-01

    A case of meningitis in a 16 month old boy caused by Hemophilus influenzae resistant to ampicillin is presented. The question is raised whether a third generation cephalosporin such as cefotaxime should be the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial meningitis with unknown etiology. Udgivels......A case of meningitis in a 16 month old boy caused by Hemophilus influenzae resistant to ampicillin is presented. The question is raised whether a third generation cephalosporin such as cefotaxime should be the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial meningitis with unknown etiology...

  15. Utfordringer ved prima vista tolking i asylintervjuer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Radanović Felberg

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Every year the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI conducts approximately 10,000 interpreter-mediated asylum interviews in Norway. Each asylum interview ends with the interpreter providing a sight translation of the draft interview report (an oral translation of the text to the asylum seeker. The UDI wished to find out why some interpreters took so much more time than others for sight translation. In response, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences initiated a pilot project. The project’s working hypothesis was that slow sight translation was due mainly to a combination of three factors: interpreters’ poor reading skills; interpreters’ poor interpreting techniques; and/or interpreters’ unfamiliarity with the appropriate genre/style. A more complex picture emerged, however, from an analysis of 13 asylum interviews; group work involving 108 UDI interpreters; and discussions with UDI specialists. An asylum report is the joint product of all the participants in an asylum interview, who are typically the asylum seeker, the interviewer and the interpreter. The pilot study showed that each participant could contribute in various ways to slowing the speed of sight translation. Contributing factors identified that were unrelated to the interpreter included the interviewer’s competence in interview techniques; the interviewer’s competence in creating a written record of speech; the asylum seeker’s narrative ability; and the asylum seeker’s ability to correct mistakes in the draft report. All these factors may have just as much impact on the speed of sight translation as the interpreter’s competence. In addition, the physical strain caused by the length of asylum interviews (six hours plus and the emotional stress potentially caused by such institutional interviews may affect the communicative abilities of all participants. As sight translation in the public sector is an under-researched area, the article starts with a discussion of terminology and an explanation of the UDI context. It then presents a possible explanation for slowness of sight translation and concludes that there is a need for more research into the various factors relevant to sight translation in the public sector and that there is a need to provide systematic training for both interpreters and interpreter users.

  16. Risiko for affektiv lidelse ved multipel sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, Elsebeth Nylev; Stage, Kurt Bjerregaard; Stenager, Egon

    2011-01-01

    An increased risk for depression has been found in multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of the present study has been to give suggestions to guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of depression in MS in Denmark based on the international literature and recommendations. The method was a review...

  17. Neuroradiologiske forandringer ved undertrykkelse af tics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Sara Bohn; Sørensen, Camilla Birgitte; Skov, Liselotte

    2017-01-01

    Neuroradiological changes by suppression of tics Tourette’s syndrome is characterized by involuntary tics. First choice of treatment has been pharmacological, but recently, behavioural therapy teaching patients to suppress their tics has been introduced. Neuroimaging studies have shown an increased...... activity in the prefrontal cortex, temporal lobes and caudate nucleus, and a decreased activity in globus pallidus and putamen during inhibition of tics. The activity in the frontal lobes changes with age, probably caused by a lack of compensatory hypertrophy. In order to fully understand the mechanism...

  18. Avancering af maksillen ved brug af osseodistraktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kristian; Svenstrup, M; Nørholt, Sven Erik

    2010-01-01

    . Gennemgangen omfatter emnerne: 1) stabilitet og recidiv, 2) peroperativ og postoperativ morbiditet samt gener, 3) ændringer af blødtvæv under distraktion, 4) ændringer af velopharynx og taleevne samt 5) psykosociale effekter af behandlingen. Resultater – De eksisterende artikler har samlet set generelle...

  19. Katetervejledt trombolyse ved perifer arteriel okklusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Holt, G; Sandermann, Jes

    2001-01-01

    (TOPAS and STILE) have serious selection bias, which makes generalisation difficult. Other studies have incomparable data and thus meta-analysis is impossible. Consequently, a recent consensus document cannot recommend an agent or principle of infusion. Thrombolysis of late, but transitory (...), occlusions seems beneficial but long-term results are lacking and recurrences are common. Exclusion of preoperative thrombolysis in late and longer lasting occlusions (> 14 days) is debatable, because of a potential thrombolysis-caused improved run-off. Individual case selection is still needed, because...

  20. Kognitive forstyrrelser ved svaer traumatisk hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelmann, Christina Malling; Siert, Lars

    2007-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) very often has extensive effects of cognitive character such as changes in recognition, thought, memory, language and perception. The purpose of this paper is to give a short status of cognitive impairment after severe traumatic brain injury and to illustrate...

  1. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    or relevant exposure levels. We recommend reconsideration of the current Danish threshold limit value of 25 ppm, biological monitoring of styrene exposed workers, and epidemiological analyses of styrene exposure levels and long-term health effects among employees of the Danish reinforced plastics industry....

  2. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects. In a fract...

  3. Okulære symptomer ved syfilis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kromann Opstrup Abildgaard, Søren; Javadi-Ottosen, Søren; Baggesen, Kirsten Lau

    2014-01-01

    pallidum. This case illustrates that symptoms of the syphilis disease can come from different organ systems and cross medical specialties. We encourage clinicians to more readily think of syphilis whenever there is a sexual active patient with complaints from different parts of the body....

  4. Epidemiologi ved juvenil systemisk lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odd Vinje

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available We have previously described the impact of Apgar scores on later major and minor disabilities. According to these and other studies, children with low Apgar scores have to show symptoms of neonatal encephalopathy in the first week of life to be at risk of developing later disabilities. Information on neonatal encephalopathy has traditionally been less accessible than Apgar scores in The Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN. In the present study the possibility of extracting information on neonatal encephalopathy from the new notification form to the MBRN, which was introduced in late 1998, was investigated. The introduction of specific and generally accepted definitions of neonatal diagnoses combined with more comprehensive reports to MBRN from the neonatal departments may render registry based studies on neonatal encephalopathy possible in the future

  5. Beskeden risiko for fosfatnefropati ved colonudrensning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Palle Nordblad; Hendel, Jakob W

    2010-01-01

    Acute phosphate nephropathy is a rare, but serious adverse event associated with the use of sodium phosphate for bowel cleansing. It may lead to permanent renal impairment and a need for dialysis. The aetiology is hyperphosphataemia caused by intestinal absorption of the cleanser. Risk factors...

  6. Molekylaer patogenese ved monogen og polygen fedme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Philip J; Echwald, Søren Morgenthaler; Sørensen, Thorkild I A

    2006-01-01

    During the last few years, studies of the molecular pathogenesis of obesity both in mouse models and in the rare cases of monogenic obesity in humans have added significantly to our understanding of the key role of the hypothalamus in mediating hunger and satiety. These insights have brought us...

  7. Beskeden risiko for fosfatnefropati ved colonudrensning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Palle Nordblad; Hendel, Jakob W

    2010-01-01

    Acute phosphate nephropathy is a rare, but serious adverse event associated with the use of sodium phosphate for bowel cleansing. It may lead to permanent renal impairment and a need for dialysis. The aetiology is hyperphosphataemia caused by intestinal absorption of the cleanser. Risk factors...... include: advanced age, existing kidney disease, decreased intravascular volume, and medications affecting renal perfusion or function such as diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and possibly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs....

  8. Oxidativt stress og genetiske polymorfismer ved KOL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgarô, Oli Jacob; Vestbo, Jørgen

    2002-01-01

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by progressive diminution of pulmonary function with minimal reversibility. The initially organ-related symptoms gradually involve secondary organs and end-stage COPD can be considered a systemic disease. The most important cause of COPD...... is tobacco smoking. In recent years there has been increasing focus on the pathophysiological events leading to COPD, and oxidative stress has been suggested as one of the major pathophysiological factors. Clinical studies indicate a causal association between tobacco smoking, oxidative stress, increased...

  9. Lav risiko for komplikationer ved screeningskoloskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thamsborg, Lise Laurberg Holst; Andersen, Ole; Fischer, Thea Kølsen

    2013-01-01

    In 2014, screening for colorectal cancer is scheduled to be introduced in Denmark using immunochemical test for blood in faeces (iFOBT). Positive tests are followed by colonoscopy. This review evaluates the risk of perforation, haemorrhage and death associated with screening colonoscopy based...... on selected recent publications. The risk of perforation and haemorrhage was reported to be 0.01% and 0.02% respectively. No deaths were reported. The studies vary in design and demographic characteristics why the findings are relevant regarding the planned national screening programme....

  10. Finnålsaspirationscytologi ved mammografiscreening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engvad, Birte; Laenkholm, Anne-Vibeke; Schwartz, Walter

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In the year 2000 a quality assurance programme for the preoperative breast diagnostics was introduced in Denmark. The programme was based on the "European guidelines for quality assurance in breast cancer screening and diagnosis" where - among other measures - five cytological......-choice treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 767 women had FNAC performed from a total of 783 lesions at the Mammography Clinic, University Hospital Odense. All FNACs were compared with the final histology diagnosis. Nine statistical parameters were calculated according to the European guidelines. RESULTS: A total...... of 66% of the 783 FNACs had a malignant cytology diagnosis, which in 99% of the cases turned out to be the correct diagnosis. Four lesions were false positives all of which represented benign proliferative breast diseases. The surgical procedures in these cases were either excisional biopsy...

  11. Genetik og stressende livsbegivenheder interagerer ved depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel; Bukh, Jens Otto Drachmann

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present review was to present clinical aspects of recent research in genes, the experience of stressful life events and depression. 60-70% experience a moderate to severe stressful life event half a year prior to the first onset of depression, whereas later depressive episodes...... to a lesser extent are preceded by stressful life events. Clinical features do not differ between depressions with or without prior stressful life events. Certain genetic variations in the serotonin receptor system seem to increase the risk of developing depression in relation to experiencing stressful life...

  12. Generaliserede kramper som debutsymptom ved Gitelmans syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvelplund, Carolina; Jeppesen, Eva Mosfeldt; Mortensen, Henrik B

    2009-01-01

    Gitelman's syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome presenting with hypocalciuria, hypomagnesiemia and hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. This case reports a patient admitted with generalized seizures with the above-mentioned biochemical abnormalities, thus representing a rare onset...

  13. Hastigt progredierende synstab ved idiopatisk intrakraniel hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skau, Maren; Jensen, Rigmor; Milea, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of increased intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. Slowly progressing visual defects secondary to papilloedema are well-known complications. Rapidly progressing visual loss is rare. A case of acute and rapidly progressing visual loss...... in idiopathic intracranial hypertension is presented. Rapid recognition and treatment of IIH is important, and may occasionally prompt acute surgical treatment....

  14. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik A.; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    This is a summary of the health risks of occupational styrene exposure based on recent reviews. We conclude about the exposure levels that there is strong evidence that styrene causes acute irritation of eyes and respiratory tract above 25 ppm, genotoxic effects above 10 ppm, and persistent nervous...... system effects with for instance reduced psychological performance, colour discrimination and hearing level following long-term styrene exposure above 10 ppm. There is moderate evidence of a causal association with cancer, but data are not sufficient to allow us to pinpoint specific cancers at risk...

  15. Leverfibrose kan vurderes ved ikkeinvasiv ultralydelastografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thielsen, Peter; Wilkens, Rune; Rafaelsen, Søren Rafael

    2015-01-01

    Diagnosis and assessment of liver fibrosis is of great importance for initiating treatment and starting hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance in patients with established cirrhosis. Liver biopsy is still considered the gold standard for liver fibrosis staging, however; it is far from perfect. Non...

  16. Assisteret reproduktion ved HIV-infektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazlauskaite, Ramune; Østergaard, Lars; Laursen, Tinne

    2009-01-01

    horizontal nor vertical infection occurred. CONCLUSION: Our study confirms that insemination is a good first-choice treatment in respect to chance of pregnancy and risk for virus transmission in HIV-seropositive couples in cases without indication for IVF. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Apr-27......INTRODUCTION: In Denmark assisted reproductive treatment to HIV discordant couples is offered in order to minimize risk of horizontal transmission of virus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The outcome of 24 HIV-seropositive couples referred with a wish for parenthood to Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby......, between September 1999 and December 2007 was reviewed on the basis of prospectively collected data. A total of 18 couples were offered treatment. RESULTS: In all, eight couples achieved 17 pregnancies, six by home-insemination, ten by homologous intrauterine insemination, and one spontaneously. Neither...

  17. Bæredygtige systemleverancer ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schipull Kauschen, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Assessment, LCA) er af stor betydning for både, udvikling og definition af bæredygtige systemleverancer, men også for bæredygtigt byggeri i det hele taget. Metoden har desuden en stærk fokus på miljømæssige aspekter, som igen synes at være en vigtigt og rigtigt fokus, på baggrund af den aktuelle...... building supplies as they require that responsibility for the delivery remains with the owner/supplier of the delivery system throughout the life cycle: from production, through installation and use, to disposal, recycling or reuse. This type of product is known in other disciplines under the name Product...... Thinking and the associated Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology is of great importance not only for both the definition and development of sustainable system deliveries, but also for sustainable construction as a whole. The method has a strong focus on environmental issues, which under the current...

  18. Billeddiagnostiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ewertsen, Caroline; Hansen, Kristoffer Lindskov; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann

    2011-01-01

    . FAST ultrasound is a good screening tool for intraperitoneal bleeding, but the sensitivity and specificity is lower than by CT. We recommend FAST-US prehospitally or early in the trauma room resuscitation. Haemodynamically stable patients with relevant traumas should undergo CT.......The imaging modalities computed tomography (CT) and the ultrasonography (US) examination focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) in relation to damage control in traumas are discussed. CT has the advantage of high sensitivity and specificity for detection of organ specific lesions...

  19. Beta-2-mikroglobulin ved medicinske sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P B; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    1989-01-01

    Beta-2-microglobulin (beta 2M) is a low-molecular protein which is filtered freely over the glomeruli. Under normal circumstances, more than 99.9% is resorbed in the proximal tubuli of the kidneys and is metabolized there. In renal disease with damage to this segment of the nephron, eg acute tubulo...

  20. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects. In a fract......A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects...

  1. Diagnosticering af choledochussten ved symptomgivende galdestenssygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, V B; Rosenberg, J; Kehlet, H

    2000-01-01

    as such in the future. Patients with cholangitis, jaundice and common bile duct stones visualised by transabdominal ultrasound have a high risk of common bile duct stones, and these patients can therefore undergo endoscopic retrograde cholangiography directly. Other patients should have a magnetic resonance...

  2. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects...

  3. Osmotisk demyeliniseringssyndrom ved Addisonkrise og svaer hyponatriaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Signe Elisabeth Bødker; Stausbøl-Grøn, Brian; Rasmussen, Torsten Bloch

    2008-01-01

    Acute adrenal insufficiency is a life threatening disease with dehydration, hypotension, cerebral dysfunction and gastrointestinal symptoms accompanied by low plasma sodium and high plasma potassium. Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) can occur rarely following correction of plasma sodium. We...... describe a case with extremely low plasma sodium and subsequent development of ODS. Correction which is too slow may lead to cerebral oedema, brain stem herniation and low sodium encephalopathy. Correction which is too fast may cause ODS. The dilemma is accentuated by concomitant Addison crisis...

  4. Traditionsbestemt sygepleje ved næseblod

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Annette Lønsmann; Kristensen, Vibeke G.; Boll, Birgitte

    2005-01-01

    A nation-wide poll was carried out in 2003 of ear, nose and throat departments in Denmark, with a view to reviewing the treatment of patients admitted with nosebleeds. In 2001, 1836 patients were admitted to hospital in Denmark with nosebleeds. The majority of admissions are to ear, nose and throat...... departments, although one also comes across patients with no speeds in other clinical departments and in the primary health service. The purpose of the article is to pass on knowledge about nursing to patients who suffer from nosebleeds. It is evident that nursing in Denmark varies considerably as regards...... diet and the extent to which patients are mobilised. Other aspects of nursing harmonise substantially. Applicable to all fields of nursing pertaining to patients with nosebleeds is the fact that evidence is wanting. Finding recent literature on the subject has been difficult. The assembled expertise...

  5. Osteoporose er hyppig ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    patients have higher risk of developing osteoporosis and hip fracture compared to those without PD because of lower bone mineral density (BMD) and lack of vitamin D. Prevention of fracture in PD patients should include fall-risk screening, BMD measurements by DXA scan and screening for risk factors......The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  6. Profylaktisk brug af antibiotika ved herniekirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fonnes, Siv; Holzknecht, Barbara Juliane; Arpi, Magnus

    2017-01-01

    This article aims at outlining and recommending use of prophylactic antibiotic therapy for hernia repair according to literature and newly released guidelines. We do not recommend prophylaxis for elective repair of inguinal and ventral hernias in a low infection risk environment as Denmark except...... in patients with incisional hernia > 10 cm or presumed increased risk for wound infection, e.g. diabetes or immunosuppression. Antibiotic prophylaxis should always be used in emergent hernia repair. We recommend a prophylactic regimen of second-generation cephalosporin given as a single dose perioperatively....

  7. Billeddiagnostiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ewertsen, Caroline; Hansen, Kristoffer Lindskov; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann

    2011-01-01

    The imaging modalities computed tomography (CT) and the ultrasonography (US) examination focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) in relation to damage control in traumas are discussed. CT has the advantage of high sensitivity and specificity for detection of organ specific lesions....... FAST ultrasound is a good screening tool for intraperitoneal bleeding, but the sensitivity and specificity is lower than by CT. We recommend FAST-US prehospitally or early in the trauma room resuscitation. Haemodynamically stable patients with relevant traumas should undergo CT....

  8. Ekstrapulmonale komplikationer ved mycoplasma pneumoniae-infektioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn, Anne-Mette Bay; Lebech, Anne-Mette K

    2002-01-01

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of atypical pneumonia in children and young adults. The infection is generally mild and only a very few patients are admitted to hospital. However, extrapulmonary complications are well recognised--mostly as manifestations from the central nervous system (C...

  9. Analyse af vindklima ved Navitas Park

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Michael R.; Lauridsen, Thomas Bank

    Formålet med denne vindklimaanalyse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Navitas Park på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige eller farlige vindforhold for fodgængere i området omkring bygningen.......Formålet med denne vindklimaanalyse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Navitas Park på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige eller farlige vindforhold for fodgængere i området omkring bygningen....

  10. Intensiv versus standardbehandling ved debuterende psykose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Mette; Jeppesen, Pia; Petersen, Lone

    2009-01-01

    A total of 547 patients with a first episode of psychosis were randomised to two years of intensive early intervention programme (OPUS) versus standard treatment. OPUS treatment consisted of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) with manuals for family involvement and social skills training. Standard...... treatment comprised contact with a community mental health centre. OPUS treatment improved the clinical outcome after two years of treatment, but the effects were not sustainable up to five years after. The secondary outcome measures showed a difference on supported housing and use of bed-days at the five...

  11. Urinretention ved postoperativ smertebehandling med epidurale opioider

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, B J; Rosenberg, J; Andersen, J T

    1990-01-01

    . Inhibition of per- and postoperatively increased sympathetic activity may possibly prevent PU. Carbacholine is not effective in the treatment of postoperative retention of urine. In animal experimental studies, kappa-receptor agonists have an analgesic effect without urodynamic side-effects but no clinical...

  12. Udfordringer og strategier ved produktion af biodiesel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anders Theilgaard; Riisager, Anders; Fehrmann, Rasmus

    2009-01-01

    I takt med at verdens olieressourcer forbruges, øges fokus på fornybare brændsler, der ikke medfører stigning i CO2-udledningen. Der er især opmærksomhed på biobrændstoffer som mulige alternativer eller additiver til petrobrændstof...

  13. Molekylaer patogenese ved monogen og polygen fedme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Philip J; Echwald, Søren M; Sørensen, Thorkild I A

    2006-01-01

    During the last few years, studies of the molecular pathogenesis of obesity both in mouse models and in the rare cases of monogenic obesity in humans have added significantly to our understanding of the key role of the hypothalamus in mediating hunger and satiety. These insights have brought us c...... closer to the development of rational therapies of obesity, the epidemic of which is continuing in the post-industrial society, which is characterised by sedentary behaviour patterns....

  14. Osteoporose er hyppig ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD p...

  15. Vellykket konservativt behandlet caecumperforation ved Ogilvies syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lang, Christian Lyngsaa; Haveman, Maria Cecilie; Achiam, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The case report describes a 37-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Ogilvie's syndrome after caesarean section. Conservative treatment was initiated with minimal effect, and the patient was subsequently treated with IV neostigmine. A computed tomography of the abdomen revealed enlarged peritoneal...

  16. Biofilm ved kronisk rhinosinuitis og cystisk fibrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Buchwald, Christian von; Johansen, Helle Krogh

    2011-01-01

    Microbial biofilms are known to cause persistent foreign-body infections and have recently been acknowledged as involved in more than 65% of all human infections. Microbial biofilms have been detected in chronic rhinosinusitis, and chronic rhinosinusitis is mandatory in patients with cystic fibro...... fibrosis. We believe that a reservoir for a sustained lung infection in these patients might be found in the nasal sinuses, and that the sinuses may act as a reservoir for reinfection after CF-patient lung transplants. Further studies are necessary....

  17. Akut kirurgisk behandling ved malignt cerebralt infarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lilja-Cyron, Alexander; Eskesen, Vagn; Hansen, Klaus

    2017-01-01

    Malignant stroke is an intracranial herniation syndrome caused by cerebral oedema after a large hemispheric or cerebellar stroke. Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction is a devastating disease with a mortality around 80% despite intensive medical treatment. Decompressive craniectomy reduces...... mortality and improves functional outcome - especially in younger patients (age ≤ 60 years). Decompression of the posterior fossa is a life-saving procedure in patients with malignant cerebellar infarctions and often leads to good neurological outcome....

  18. Usikker diagnostik med ultralydskanning ved fejlplaceret spiral

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Egekvist, Anne Gisselmann; Høj, Lars; Riiskjaer, Mads

    2014-01-01

    Ultrasound scan did not locate misplaced intrauterine devices One of the rare but serious complications of intrauterine contraception is perforation of the uterine wall at insertion. We present two cases where intrauterine devices went missing. In both cases abdominal and vaginal ultrasound scan...... was performed to locate the intrauterine device. They were not found and doctors concluded that the intrauterine devices were lost by expulsion. One intrauterine device came out of the rectum by itself; the other was found and removed from inside the abdomen at laparoscopy. An X-ray examination should have been...

  19. Besøgscenter ved fregatten Jylland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Nils-Ole

    2005-01-01

    Det maritime besøgscenter består af riggerværksted, et værfts- og bådbyggeri og en værkstedsbygning til smed, tømrer, snedker og maler - mens museumsafsnittet består af udstilling, auditorium, cafe og administration i en lang bygning, der markerer indgangen til udstillingsområdet.......Det maritime besøgscenter består af riggerværksted, et værfts- og bådbyggeri og en værkstedsbygning til smed, tømrer, snedker og maler - mens museumsafsnittet består af udstilling, auditorium, cafe og administration i en lang bygning, der markerer indgangen til udstillingsområdet....

  20. Optisk og videoassisteret laryngoskopi ved vanskelige luftveje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mathias; Afshari, Arash; Kristensen, Billy B

    2009-01-01

    over direct laryngoscopy including a better view of the larynx, reduced tracheal intubation time and educational value. We present an overview of the currently most used optical and video-assisted laryngoscopes with a special focus on the McGrath Series 5 videolaryngoscope. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-23......Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...

  1. Optisk og videoassisteret laryngoskopi ved vanskelige luftveje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mathias; Afshari, Arash; Kristensen, Billy B

    2009-01-01

    Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...... over direct laryngoscopy including a better view of the larynx, reduced tracheal intubation time and educational value. We present an overview of the currently most used optical and video-assisted laryngoscopes with a special focus on the McGrath Series 5 videolaryngoscope.......Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...

  2. Oxidativt stress og genetiske polymorfismer ved KOL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgarô, Oli Jacob; Vestbo, Jørgen

    2002-01-01

    is tobacco smoking. In recent years there has been increasing focus on the pathophysiological events leading to COPD, and oxidative stress has been suggested as one of the major pathophysiological factors. Clinical studies indicate a causal association between tobacco smoking, oxidative stress, increased...... inflammatory response, and destruction of lung parenchyma. This article reviews the clinical literature on oxidative stress as a pre-inflammatory state, leading to COPD in susceptible smokers....

  3. Patofysiologiske aspekter ved statiners diabetogene effekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilemann-Lyberg, Sascha; Solis, Anette Bratt; Gæde, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Statins are potent inhibitors of cholesterol biosynthesis. Statins are beneficial in the primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. Recent studies indicate that there is an association between statin use and the development of new-onset diabetes mellitus. This article reviews the...

  4. Sygdomsmekanismer og terapeutiske perspektiver ved neurofibromatose 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærulff, Ole; Wandall, Hans

    2012-01-01

    Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1, von Recklinghausen's disease) is a dominantly inherited multi-organ disease defined primarily by café au lait patches and neurofibromas. NF1 predisposes to cancer and is associated with cognitive dysfunction and learning defects. In recent years, considerable progress has...

  5. Fremstilling af dias ved hjaelp af mikrodatamaten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moesgaard, F A; Schmidt, A E; Hammer, J H

    1990-01-01

    , the following may be mentioned: Montage which costs of 70,000 Danish crowns (approximately 6,000 pounds), Matrix PCR at 100,000 Danish crowns (approximately 9,000 pounds), Matrix QCR-Z at 200,000 Danish crowns (approximately 18,000 pounds) and Lasergraphic's two models at 60,000 and 120,000 Danish crowns......, respectively (approximately 5,000 pounds and 10,000 pounds). In the price class of about 100,000 Danish crowns, Matrix PCR can be recommended particularly as this camera has an excellent optic and advanced self calibrating system. Among the cheaper cameras. Montage is recommended which e.g. functions well...

  6. Bæredygtige systemleverancer ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schipull Kauschen, Jan

    2014-01-01

    uncertainties of the future is to build with capacity in mind – to embrace capacity as untapped potential for a future (unknown) change. Such capacity by design enables the building to respond positively, actively and robustly to changes in use, ownership, context or scarcity. Integrated Product Deliveries......, however, involves much more than simple conservation of material resources. The energy used for resource extraction and waste processing, as well as the end use, maintenance and reuse/recycling are also key factors in the equation. This is an important issue for the future, not only with respect...... to think both holistically and life-cycle-oriented. Both of these factors are prerequisites for solutions ensuring a building’s sustainability. Integrated product deliveries are multi-functional products produced using industrial processes which not only include materials or components, but also its...

  7. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    system effects with for instance reduced psychological performance, colour discrimination and hearing level following long-term styrene exposure above 10 ppm. There is moderate evidence of a causal association with cancer, but data are not sufficient to allow us to pinpoint specific cancers at risk...

  8. Kognitive deficit ved skizofreni og andre psykoser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fagerlund, Birgitte; Glenthøj, Birte Y

    2008-01-01

    Cognitive deficits are vulnerability indicators for psychotic disorders, particularly schizophrenia. The deficits remain stable throughout the illness in schizophrenia, but fluctuate with clinical state in other psychotic disorders. They are limiting factors for patients' prognoses...... and there is considerable incentive to develop treatments that can improve these deficits. The current brief review summarizes the relevance of cognitive deficits for the pathogenesis and prognosis of psychotic disorders, and identifies pertinent issues within the research field Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/10...

  9. Kognitive deficit ved skizofreni og andre psykoser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fagerlund, Birgitte; Glenthøj, Birte Y

    2008-01-01

    Cognitive deficits are vulnerability indicators for psychotic disorders, particularly schizophrenia. The deficits remain stable throughout the illness in schizophrenia, but fluctuate with clinical state in other psychotic disorders. They are limiting factors for patients' prognoses...... and there is considerable incentive to develop treatments that can improve these deficits. The current brief review summarizes the relevance of cognitive deficits for the pathogenesis and prognosis of psychotic disorders, and identifies pertinent issues within the research field....

  10. Forskning ved regionale hospitalsenheder i Vestdanmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Gunnar Lauge; Petersen, Lars Jelstrup; Hornung, Nete

    2009-01-01

    only equivalent to 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.3% and 0.6% of the total budget. Most hospitals had associate professors, but only five had full professors. Seven hospitals supplied laboratories and technical facilities, eight hospitals held staff-meetings on a regular basis and four published an annual report......INTRODUCTION: According to recently passed Danish legislation, all Danish hospitals are obliged to take part in scientific research. As data on financial support for research activities are lacking, we assessed the resources allocated to research from the budget of the central hospital management...... on research activities. CONCLUSION: In the majority of regional hospitals in Western Denmark, less than 0.3% of the total budget administered by the central hospital management was allocated specifically for research. These figures, however, may not be accurate as individual departments may allocate...

  11. "Jeg har altid haft nemt ved tingene"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Annette; Rasmussen, Palle

    Rapporten analyserer talentundervisningen på 8. og 9. klassetrin i Hjørring Kommune i skoleåret 2006-2007. Der var tale om ekstraundervisning uden for normal skoletid. Det faglige indhold lå inden for fysik, kemi, biologi, matematik og engelsk, og både folkeskolelærere og gymnasielærere medvirked...

  12. Svaer hyperkaliaemi ved gastroenteritis hos kolektomeret patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lasse Bremholm; Winkel, Rasmus; Hansen, Erik Feldager

    2010-01-01

    Severe hyperkalemia is a life-threatening condition that causes primarily cardiac and muscular dysfunction with potentially fatal consequences. This case report describes a case of severe hyperkalemia (9,1 mmol/l) caused by acute prerenal failure due to dehydration. The severe dehydration was cau...... was caused by a combination of reduced fluid intake due to gastroenteritis and a hampered capacity for intestinal fluid absorption, due to previous colectomy. The patient developed classic signs of hyperkalemia with electrocardiogram changes and muscular dysfunction....

  13. Overdragelse af immaterielle licenser ved virksomhedsoverdragelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liin, Birgit; Bülow, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen belyser mulighederhne for at overdrage immaterielle licenser i forbindelse med virksomhedsoverdragelser i og uden for konkurs, herunder med hjemmel i konkuslovens § 14 c, stk. 2, fra virksomheder under rekonstruktionsbehandling.......Artiklen belyser mulighederhne for at overdrage immaterielle licenser i forbindelse med virksomhedsoverdragelser i og uden for konkurs, herunder med hjemmel i konkuslovens § 14 c, stk. 2, fra virksomheder under rekonstruktionsbehandling....

  14. Psykosociale interventioner ved debuterende psykoser i skizofrenispektret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Merete; Bertelsen, Mette

    2008-01-01

    The possibilities for intervention in the early phases of schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like psychosis were reviewed. Long duration of untreated psychosis is related to persistent psychotic symptoms. Early detection programmes can reduce the duration of untreated psychosis and thereby probably...

  15. Diagnose, behandling og prognose ved fibromyalgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Amris, Kirstine

    2010-01-01

    It is important to recognize the diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM) to adequately advise patients with this chronic pain disease. FM coexists with other rheumatic diseases and may therefore serve as a confounder in connection with estimation of disease activity. The aetiology and pathogenesis of FM...

  16. Rickettsiose som differentialdiagnostisk overvejelse ved rejserelateret feber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kibsgaard, Line

    2012-01-01

    , rickettsiosis should be considered in the returned traveller with fever, especially when malaria, dengue fever and typhoid fever have been excluded. There is a possibility that doxycycline may have a prophylactic effect on rickettsiosis, but this thesis is only imaginary and needs further investigation....

  17. Blodtryksnedsaettelse kan forvaerre symptomerne ved akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, E; Jørgensen, H S; Olsen, T S

    1995-01-01

    Patients with acute stroke often present with high blood pressure (BP) on hospital admission. Because hypertension is a risk factor for stroke, and because severe BP elevation may increase oedema and the risk of haemorrhage, acute antihypertensive therapy might seem reasonable. On the other hand...

  18. Kognitive forstyrrelser ved svaer traumatisk hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelmann, Christina Malling; Siert, Lars

    2007-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) very often has extensive effects of cognitive character such as changes in recognition, thought, memory, language and perception. The purpose of this paper is to give a short status of cognitive impairment after severe traumatic brain injury and to illustrate that cog...... that cognitive impairment varies according to levels of consciousness. The article shortly describes typical observed behaviour in the patient when waking up after severe TBI, including post-traumatic amnesia. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Jan-15...

  19. Resultater efter primaer stapedotomi ved otosklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wanscher, Jens; Grøntved, Aksel; Faber, Christian

    2009-01-01

    .8 dB to 31.4 dB), the bone conduction PTA (25.2 dB to 23,1 dB), air-bone gap (27.6 dB to 8.3 dB), and the speech reception threshold (44.8 dB to 22.5 dB). One operation (0.6%) resulted in severe sensory-neural hearing loss, while other types of complications were seen after 7,2% of the operations...... performed using small-fenester-technique in the period 1996-2005. Five experienced ear surgeons performed the operations. The surgeons were still in the learning phase with regard to otosclerosis surgery. RESULTS: A significant improvement was found regarding the air-conduction pure tone average (PTA) (52....... After thirteen operations (8.4%), reoperation was subsequently needed. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing primary otosclerosis surgery gained a significant hearing improvement. The results of this survey matched those of larger international and Danish studies. Experienced ear surgeons can perform...

  20. Akut kirurgisk behandling ved malignt cerebralt infarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lilja-cyron, Alexander; Eskesen, Vagn; Hansen, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    Malignant stroke is an intracranial herniation syndrome caused by cerebral oedema after a large hemispheric or cerebellar stroke. Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction is a devastating disease with a mortality around 80% despite intensive medical treatment. Decompressive craniectomy reduces...

  1. Laparoskopisk subtotal kolecystektomi ved kompliceret galdestenssygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Semenisina, Galina; Rosenberg, Jacob; Gögenur, Ismail

    2010-01-01

    In laparoscopic cholecystectomy conversion to open surgery occurs. Patients who would otherwise need conversion can benefit from laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC). We present a review of studies in which outcome after LSC has been investigated. The results show reduced conversion rates,......, shorter hospital stay, minimal complications and mortality rates. Acute cholecystitis, cirrhosis, Mirrizi syndrome type I are the indications for LSC. Randomized prospective trials are needed to investigate safety and long-term effects....

  2. Vellykket konservativt behandlet caecumperforation ved Ogilvies syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lang, Christian Lyngsaa; Haveman, Maria Cecilie; Achiam, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The case report describes a 37-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Ogilvie's syndrome after caesarean section. Conservative treatment was initiated with minimal effect, and the patient was subsequently treated with IV neostigmine. A computed tomography of the abdomen revealed enlarged peritonea...

  3. Kromosomforandringer ved medfødt hjertemisdannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Allan

    2011-01-01

    Congenital heart disease (CHD) affects 1% of the population. The aetiology of CHD is complex and largely unknown, comprising both environmental and genetic components. Recent progress in molecular cytogenetics has led to the identification of rare genomic copy number variants (CNVs) in a signific...

  4. Genetik og stressende livsbegivenheder interagerer ved depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel; Bukh, Jens Otto Drachmann

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present review was to present clinical aspects of recent research in genes, the experience of stressful life events and depression. 60-70% experience a moderate to severe stressful life event half a year prior to the first onset of depression, whereas later depressive episodes to a...

  5. Tumormarkører ved epitelial ovariecancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sparholt, Morten H; Høgdall, Estrid; Høgdall, Claus K

    2009-01-01

    In October 2007, the Danish government and regions made an agreement comprising acute treatment of ovarian cancer (OC) patients. The acute OC-package includes the tumour marker cancer antigen 125 (CA125) as an essential factor. This marker is yet not optimal due to too low sensitivity...

  6. IDA´s klimaplan 2050

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Lund, Henrik; Karlsson, Kenneth

    af øget eksport realiseres. Med den anvendte ovennævnte metode og de anvendte forudsætninger er ekstrabeskæftigelsen i Danmark ved gennemførelse af IDA’s Klimaplan 2050 sammenlignet med referencen vurderet til i ca. 30-40.000 jobs. Der tabes jobs i håndtering af fossile brændsler, mens der skabes...... jobs ved investeringer i energiteknologi. På langt sigt, i takt med at investeringerne i selve omlægningen til et 100% vedvarende energi-system er gennemført, vil ekstrabeskæftigelsen være ca. 15.000 jobs i forhold til referencen for 2050. I praksis vil dette sandsynligvis sprede sig over en årrække...... en årlig eksport på 200 mia.kr. generere i størrelsesordnen op til 200.000 jobs, alt afhængigt af hvor stor eksporten ville have været uden Klimaplanen, og afhængigt af i hvilket omfang, der er ledige, samt hvorvidt disse vil kunne beskæftiges i andre eksporterhverv. I den forbindelse henledes...

  7. Skader ved brug af løbehjul. Behandlet ved Odense universitetshospital 1996-2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Michael Hareskov; Nielsen, Henrik Toft; Larsen, Søren Erik

    2002-01-01

    Since the beginning of the nineties, skate-boards, in-liners, roller skates, and during the past years non-powered scooters have gained increasing popularity. This surge of enthusiasm has resulted in an increasing number of injuries involving scooters.......Since the beginning of the nineties, skate-boards, in-liners, roller skates, and during the past years non-powered scooters have gained increasing popularity. This surge of enthusiasm has resulted in an increasing number of injuries involving scooters....

  8. Tegn på læring ved bruk av interaktive matematikkutstillinger ved vitensenter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nils Kr. Rossing

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Interactive exhibits at science centres are believed to have a learning effect on visitors. This study investigates two interactive exhibits concerning mathematics at the Science centre in Trondheim, Norway, to what extent they appeal to the audience, and contributes to constructive thought processes that provide for learning. I was also looking for characteristics of the exhibits that might obstruct such thought processes. During the study we observed more than 170 visitors while they used the two exhibits. In addition I observed and interviewed seven teenagers hired specifically to work with the exhibits. Since the audience are completely free to use the exhibits as they like, it is assumed that there is a high correlation between time spent at the exhibits and public involvement. By measuring the average time for every age group, it was found that the exhibits engaged teenagers and adults to a high degree. Also children below 13 years of age used the exhibits diligently, but then in other ways than intended. Some major obstacles that the design of the exhibits let in the way of creating constructive thought processes among the audience were identified. For example, it was found that removing the time limitation of solving tasks and giving the audience the greatest possible transparency and control over the exhibits, a better basis for discussions and reflections was laid. This is an important premise for learning. Furthermore, changes in conditions were made in order to encourage the audience to try out new strategies.

  9. Opsamling af studerendes svardata fra Study Quiz – en case beskrivelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahler, Thomas; Bader, Steffen

    2015-01-01

    Denne artikel er en case beskrivelse af et projekt- og implementeringsforløb af en mobil applikation ved navn Study Quiz i Fysioterapeutuddannelsen på University College Lillebælt (UCL). Artiklen består dels i beskrivelse af app’ens funktionsmuligheder og dels i en eksemplarisk beskrivelse af......, hvorledes én af app’ens funktioner har været anvendt på Fysioterapeutuddannelsen. Fokus i beskrivelserne er primært, hvordan app’en kan anvendes, og er blevet anvendt, til at opsamle svardata fra de studerende, og på hvordan disse data kan bruges til at kvalificere undervisningsplanlægningen. De indhentede...... erfaringer fra implementeringen bliver præsenteret, og på den baggrund fremsættes en række anbefalinger, som yderligere kan kvalificere den fortsatte implementering af app’en i UCL, men som også kan gælde implementering af tilsvarende teknologier i andre undervisermiljøer....

  10. Opsamling af studerendes svardata fra Study Quiz – en case beskrivelse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Ahler

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel er en case beskrivelse af et projekt- og implementeringsforløb af en mobil applikation ved navn Study Quiz i Fysioterapeutuddannelsen på University College Lillebælt (UCL. Artiklen består dels på beskrivelse af app’ens funktionsmuligheder og dels på en eksemplarisk beskrivelse af, hvorledes én af app’ens funktioner har været anvendt på Fysioterapeutuddannelsen. Fokus i beskrivelserne er primært, hvordan app’en kan anvendes, og er blevet anvendt, til at opsamle svardata fra de studerende, og på hvordan disse data kan bruges til at kvalificere undervisningsplanlægningen. De indhentede erfaringerne fra implementeringen bliver præsenteret, og på den baggrund fremsættes en række anbefalinger, som yderligere kan kvalificere den fortsatte implementering af app’en i UCL, men som også kan gælde implementering af tilsvarende teknologier i andre undervisermiljøer.

  11. Opsamling af studerendes svardata fra Study Quiz – en case beskrivelse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Ahler

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel er en case beskrivelse af et projekt- og implementeringsforløb af en mobil applikation ved navn Study Quiz i Fysioterapeutuddannelsen på University College Lillebælt (UCL. Artiklen består dels på beskrivelse af app’ens funktionsmuligheder og dels på en eksemplarisk beskrivelse af, hvorledes én af app’ens funktioner har været anvendt på Fysioterapeutuddannelsen. Fokus i beskrivelserne er primært, hvordan app’en kan anvendes, og er blevet anvendt, til at opsamle svardata fra de studerende, og på hvordan disse data kan bruges til at kvalificere undervisningsplanlægningen. De indhentede erfaringerne fra implementeringen bliver præsenteret, og på den baggrund fremsættes en række anbefalinger, som yderligere kan kvalificere den fortsatte implementering af app’en i UCL, men som også kan gælde implementering af tilsvarende teknologier i andre undervisermiljøer.

  12. Corporate entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Karina

    2005-01-01

    Corporate entreprenørskab kan blive svaret på, hvordan Danmark fremmer en mere videnintensiv produktion. Begrebet er blevet anvendt til at forklare forskellige organisatoriske fænomener alt fra strategi over ledelse i al almindelighed til innovation, hvilket har medført en mangfoldighed af begreber...... og perspektiver, som har skabt stor uklarhed omkring corporate entreprenørskab. Med henblik på at skabe fundamentet for et fælles fodslag redegøres der i denne artikel for corporate entreprenørskabsbegrebet ud fra forskellige perspektiver. Der gives i artiklen endvidere et overblik ved hjælp af en...... model, der indeholder intraprenørskab og exoprenørskab, samt fire organisatoriske perspektiver: corporate venturing, interne ressourcer, internationalisering og eksterne netværk....

  13. Forekomst af visnesyge og andre svampesygdomme i spinat til frø med fokus på infektion af henholdsvis jord og frø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Merete Halkjær; Deleuran, Lise Christina

    2012-01-01

    V. dahliae i frøpartier er forøget de senere år. I Holland blev der i 1973 påvist V. dahliae i 20 ud af 34 testede frøpartier. I amerikanske undersøgelser blev der i 2003 påvist V. dahliae i 57 ud af 62 partier. Denne høje infektionsgrad bekræfter behovet for øget kontrol af frøpartier. Ved AU....... dahliae. I samme forsøg undersøges forskellige frø og jordbehandlinger, som potentielle mulige metoder til reduktion af smittetrykket i jorden og på frøet. I 2009 blev der observeret en reduktion i infektionsniveauet af V. dahliae på det høstede frø, når de anvendte stamfrø var behandlet med Thiram....

  14. Mobil læring på danske universiteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Inger-Marie F.; Godsk, Mikkel

    2013-01-01

    ), ligesom de mobile aktiviteter har ændret sig mod en mere intensiv anvendelse af apps, sociale netværk, e-bøger og andre former for interaktive multimedier (Danmarks Statistik, 2012; Pew Internet, 2012; GSMA, 2011). 20 % af befolkningen ejer nu også en tablet-pc og denne andel er i kraftig vækst (FDB...... Analyse, 2012). Både på danske gymnasier og i universitetssammenhæng ser man ligeledes en stigende interesse for den mobile teknologi og dens anvendelse i undervisningen. Uddannelsesinstitutionerne ønsker bl.a. at tilbyde fleksibel adgang til undervisningsmaterialer samt at understøtte aktiv og studenter...... samling af artikler med dugfriske erfaringer om brugen af mobil teknologi i undervisningen. Artiklerne beretter om gode erfaringer ved brug af mobile teknologier såvel som udfordringer og barrierer. Du kan finde konkrete eksempler på, hvordan teknologien er blevet anvendt til forskellige...

  15. Brug af foetocidium ved sene provokerede aborter i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne Vinggaard; Petersson, Birgit

    2012-01-01

    As a result of prenatal screening, the number of late terminations of pregnancy is increasing in Denmark. The fact that the foetus sometimes shows signs of life after the termination is a large concern for health-care staff and parents. In other countries feticide is performed intrauterinely...

  16. Vi ved stadig alt for lidt om sexhandel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heinskou, Marie Bruvik; Groes-Green, Christian; Skilbrei, May-Len

    2014-01-01

    I Danmark har vi generelt en tradition for at være tilbageholdende over for unødig kriminalisering. Den tradition er inden for de senere år blevet udfordret, og specifikt blusser diskussionen om kriminalisering op, når emnet vedrører sexarbejde. I Danmark diskuteres det, hvorvidt man, som i Norge...

  17. Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    , konteksten kan nemt blive kunstigt skabt eller misforstået, og sandsynligheden for konceptets videreudvikling til succesfulde produkter er nedsat. Eller som international designprofessoren, John Heskett, siger - uden teknologi forbliver koncepter blot flotte skitser. I et forsøg på at eksemplificere disse...

  18. Cerebral sinustrombose ved Behçets sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schytz, Henrik Winther; Wegener, Marianne; Lassen, Lisbeth Landschoff

    2012-01-01

    ). We present a case of a 32 year-old Lebanese woman with severe headache and papilloedema due to a cerebral venous thrombosis and secondary intracranial hypertension. During follow-up she was diagnosed with bilateral uveitis and a history of recidivating oral and genital ulcerations was disclosed. BD...

  19. Noninvasiv vurdering af fibrose ved kronisk viral hepatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risum, Malene; Barfod, Toke Seierøe; Lindhardt, Bjarne Orskov

    2013-01-01

    In chronic viral hepatitis the liver biopsy helps the clinician to decide when to start treatment and plan follow-up. However, the execution of a liver biopsy is associated with discomfort, and sampling error can lead to misinterpretation. Serum markers and transient elastography (TE) are being...... considered as surrogates to the liver biopsy. The noninvasive tests are considered equal in identifying significant fibrosis, but TE is superior in identifying cirrhosis....

  20. Syfilis påvist ved screening i graviditeten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Tine; Ibsen, Hans Henning Windeløv

    2012-01-01

    Because of an increasing incidence of syphilis in Denmark, antenatal screening was re-introduced in 2010. We present two cases of latent syphilis diagnosed by antenatal screening alone. Neither of the two women recalled any previous symptoms of the disease. After treatment, both women gave birth...

  1. Skader ved brug af løbehjul

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Michael Hareskov; Nielsen, Henrik Toft; Larsen, Søren Erik

    2002-01-01

    Since the beginning of the nineties, skate-boards, in-liners, roller skates, and during the past years non-powered scooters have gained increasing popularity. This surge of enthusiasm has resulted in an increasing number of injuries involving scooters.......Since the beginning of the nineties, skate-boards, in-liners, roller skates, and during the past years non-powered scooters have gained increasing popularity. This surge of enthusiasm has resulted in an increasing number of injuries involving scooters....

  2. Anaestesimonitorering ved magnetisk resonans undersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, K; Sørensen, M B; Boelt, P

    1992-01-01

    render possible investigation of unconscious or anaesthetized patients in scanners with magnetic fields of over 1.5 Tesla. The medical technical difficulties involved are mentioned and the solutions which are employed in the Danish scientific Centre for Magnetic Resonance in Hvidovre Hospital...

  3. sikkerhedskultur som centralt middel ved forebyggelsen af arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyhrberg, Mette Bang

    1999-01-01

    Artiklen præsenterer tre faser i den internationale forskning omkring arbejdsulykker. I den første fase handler forebyggelsen om at gøre maskinerne mere sikre, i den anden fase fokuseres på person udvælgelse og teknisk risikovurdering, mens der i den sidste fase inddrages organisatoriske forhold ...

  4. Erfaringer med substitution af PVC ved renere teknologi og brancheaftaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Ulrik

    Rapporten gennemgår den danske debat om PVC og de miljøpolitiske tiltag, der har været gennemført. Et survey i danske plastvirksomheder gennemført i projektet viser, at industrien er forberedt på at gennemføre en omfattende substitution af PVC, hvis der stilles politisk krav om det eller markedet...... efterspørger det. Til gengæld viser brancheaftalerne sig at være et svagt instrument og der peges på et behov for en opfølgning af de gode resultater, der er opnået med substitution af PVC i en række renere teknologi projekter, som har fået statslig støtte....

  5. Terapeutiske vacciner er et nyt behandlingsprincip ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djurhuus, Sissal Sigmundsdóttir; Brasso, Klaus; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2015-01-01

    Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is defined as tumour progression despite castrate levels of serum testosterone. During the past decade a number of new therapies, including chemotherapy and novel endocrine agents have been approved for CRPC treatment. The continued need for new effective...... drugs in CRPC has led to development of a novel therapeutic approach in CRPC treatment. Therapeutic vaccines activate the immune system to kill prostate cancer cells. This review describes recent pivotal phase 2 and 3 trials of CRPC vaccines and discusses the impact on future CRPC management....

  6. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect...... in relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee....

  7. Terapeutiske konsekvenser ved lungeskintigrafi med intermediaer sandsynlighed for lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marmolin, Ea Sofie; Møller, Louise; Johansen, Allan

    2009-01-01

    investigation, 28 (29%) received treatment, and in 29 (30%) cases, the result was interpreted as negative for pulmonary embolism. We found no significant difference in demographic data or results of investigations performed before the scintigraphy between those who received treatment and those who did not, nor...

  8. Klinisk effekt af ranitidin ved psoriasis. Et abent prospektivt studie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Kristensen, J K; Hansen, Ulla

    1997-01-01

    We report the results of an open, prospective study of 20 patients with moderate to severe psoriasis (median PASI score: 15.7) treated with oral ranitidine 300 mg twice daily for six months. No other medication was allowed during the study period. The median PASI score was reduced to 14.5, 9.......1 and 5.7 after one, three and six months of treatment, respectively (p study, and long-term treatment improved disease status in most patients. Eight...... patients continued therapy with ranitidine 300 mg twice daily after the study was completed. None of these patients relapsed during a follow-up period of 12-18 months. The results of the present study suggest that ranitidine may be beneficial in the treatment of some patients with psoriasis....

  9. Resuscitation og abdominalkirurgiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillingsø, Jens G; Svendsen, Lars Bo; Johansson, Pär I

    2011-01-01

    In multitrauma patients continuous bleeding is one of the major killers. Coagulation defects have been shown to be a primary event and to occur very early in multitrauma patients (acute traumatic coagulopathy). It is enhanced by acidosis, hypothermia and further coagulation disorders in the "bloo...

  10. Anæstesiologiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinmetz, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    Patients with severe traumatic injuries occasionally undergo damage control surgery. This paper highlights some of the perioperative anaesthesiological considerations. Although damage control is often used as a surgical term, it is crucial that personnel involved in the parallel resuscitation of ...

  11. Danger-signaler og inflammasomer ved autoinflammatoriske og autoimmune sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2011-01-01

    NOD-like receptor protein (NLRP)3 inflammasomes. These inflammasomes govern the induction of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1ß, IL-18 and IL-33. PRR and inflammasome dysfunctions may underly immunoinflammatory diseases such as gout and other arthritides, type 1 diabetes and arteriosclerosis....

  12. HELLP kan ses i andet trimester ved antifosfolipidsyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Bjørn Stæhr; Havelund, Troels

    2011-01-01

    The syndrome of haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) is estimated to occur in 0.01-0.2% of pregnancies and is considered a severe form of preeclampsia. It is associated with considerable risk of maternal and foetal mortality. HELLP syndrome associated with antiphospholipid...... syndrome is known to occur early in the pregnancy. We report a case of severe HELLP syndrome complicated by multiple hepatic infarctions and portal vein thrombosis in the second trimester in a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome....

  13. Laparoskopiassisteret ileocøkal resektion ved Crohns sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Stig Borbjerg; Knudsen, Torben; Poornoroozy, Peiman

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has become more widely used in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study is retrospectively to describe the results of laparoscopy-assisted ileocolic resection of nineteen patients with Crohn's disease.......Laparoscopic surgery has become more widely used in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study is retrospectively to describe the results of laparoscopy-assisted ileocolic resection of nineteen patients with Crohn's disease....

  14. Apoptose ved kronisk inflammatorisk tarmsygdom. Betydning for patogenese og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seidelin, Jakob Benedict; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2003-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by the increased survival of lamina propria leucocytes and ulcerations and an increased epithelial leakiness that compromise the barrier function of the epithelial lining. Deregulated apoptosis seems to be a major cause of the impaired barrier...... function and of leucocyte survival. This review focuses on the regulation of epithelial and leucocyte apoptosis in the IBD colon. Furthermore, the implications for present and future therapeutic strategies are discussed....

  15. Forstørret nakkefold kan ses ved osteogenesis imperfecta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schönewolf-Greulich, Bitten; Skibsted, Lillian; Maroun, Lisa Leth

    2011-01-01

    A limited number of reports published since 2001 have described an association between increased nuchal translucency (NT) and osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). We report a new case which underlines the frequency of this association as well as the importance of follow-up and genetic evaluation...

  16. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved reumatoid artritis. Hvilke faktorer spiller ind?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, Louise; Sørensen, Jan; Østergaard, Mikkel

    2008-01-01

    . Modern medical therapy has improved HRQoL in RA patients, while demographic factors (female sex and older age), low socioeconomic status (in terms of education and position in the work force) and the presence of comorbid conditions appear to be associated with poorer HRQoL. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Mar-3......Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing joint pain, loss of function and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). HRQoL in RA patients is associated with several risk factors; in this paper the evidence relating to the most important risk factors is reviewed...

  17. Atypisk manifestation ved infektiøs endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pareek, Manan; Hansen, Lars Koch; Rujic, Dragana

    2013-01-01

    Infective endocarditis is a serious disease associated with a high mortality. The initial presentation may be non-specific and misleading, thus delaying correct diagnosis. In this case report, we describe a 46-year-old woman, who presented with symptoms suggestive of systemic lupus erythematosus......, including malar rash, arthritis, acute renal failure and thrombocytopenia, but she was subsequently proven to have infective endocarditis involving the mitral valve. Her rheumatological symptoms diminished after antibiotic therapy and mitral valve surgery....

  18. Hungry bone-syndrom ved vitamin D-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chehaiber, Mohamad M; Jensen, Jens-Erik Beck

    2009-01-01

    An 85-year-old woman was admitted after being bedridden for six months with muscular weakness and diarrhoea. Vitamin 25-OH-D, serum calcium, magnesium and phosphate were low, and parathyroid hormone as well as alkaline phosphatase were increased. Dual x-ray absorption scan showed reduced bone...... mineral density. The patient was treated with calcium, magnesium and vitamin D, initially intravenously and subsequently as tablets. Clinically the patient's condition slowly normalized. Remineralization of the skeleton resulted in consistent hypocalcaemia for more than nine months. Udgivelsesdato: 2009...

  19. Fatalt forløb ved in vitro-fertilisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Martin Kryspin; Møller-Sørensen, Hasse; Svane, Christian

    2010-01-01

    and developed chylomicronaemia syndrome with severe hypertriglyceridaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia-induced acute pancreatitis and septic shock. Appropriate treatment including close monitoring, severe restriction of dietary fat intake and early plasmapheresis is emphasized - especially during pregnancy....

  20. Bronkodilaterende inhalationsanaestetika ved asthma bronchiale og status asthmaticus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C M; Stjernholm, P H; Hansen, T G

    1994-01-01

    On the basis of a review of the literature, a survey is presented concerning the use of halogenated inhalational anaesthetics (halothane, enflurane, isoflurane) in anaesthesia of asthmatic patients and in intensive care units in the treatment of status asthmaticus refractory to maximal standard t...

  1. Strategier ved udredning af malassimilation. En kritisk status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, J J

    1997-01-01

    malassimilation. The frequency and clinical importance of this condition is in all probability underestimated. Screening for coeliac disease may be achieved by several serological tests (reticulin-, gliadin-, endomysial antibodies), of which IgA-endomysial antibodies seem superior. Comparative studies are often...

  2. Forekomst og behandling af seksuel dysfunktion ved hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, Hans

    2002-01-01

    Several links have been established between sexual dysfunction and heart disease. Indeed, many risk factors for developing sexual dysfunction are shared by coronary artery disease: age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolaemia. It should also be borne in mind that in men several...... cardiac drugs are responsible for erectile dysfunction (ED). Lastly it should be remembered that treatment of ED may be associated with cardiovascular side-effects. Data from the literature show that men with coronary artery disease, hypertension or diabetes have an up to fourfold higher risk...... of developing ED than have age-matched controls. Thiazide diuretics and beta-blockers are the most common drugs that produce ED. Current therapies for ED are safe and effective in the large majority of patients with cardiovascular disease. However, the concomitant use of nitrates and sildenafil may be life...

  3. Dosisdispensering som årsag til fejlmedicinering ved sektorovergang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lysen, Charlotte; Hendriksen, Carsten; Faxholm, Mette Straarup

    2011-01-01

    Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) was introduced in Denmark in 2001 in order to minimize medication errors. In May 2010 44.500 Danish citizens received MDDD. We report two cases where MDDD in the primary sector led to medication errors after hospitalisation, the reason partly being difficulties...... in getting information on MDDD on admission, lack of knowledge on handling MDDD in hospital and inadequate communication between the primary and the secondary sector. These problems has until now been underestimated....

  4. Omkostningseffektivitet ved behandling af type 1-diabetes med insulinpumpe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Kirsten; Sohlberg, Anna; Goodall, Gordan

    2010-01-01

    This study's aim was to project the long-term clinical and economic outcomes of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment compared to multiple daily injections (MDI) in type 1 diabetes patients in Denmark.......This study's aim was to project the long-term clinical and economic outcomes of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment compared to multiple daily injections (MDI) in type 1 diabetes patients in Denmark....

  5. Afståelsesbeskatning ved flytning af DEMPE-funktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgaard, Louise Fjord; Bundgaard, Jakob

    2017-01-01

    OECD har i den senest opdaterede version af Transfer Pricing Guidelines fastsat en definition af immaterielle aktiver og har samtidig indført konceptet DEMPE-funktioner, der omfatter visse vigtige funktioner relateret til immaterielle aktiver. SKAT synes at være af den opfattelse, at DEMPE...

  6. Praediktorer for kroniske følger ved whiplashtraume

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasch, Helge; Kongsted, Alice; Carstensen, Tina Birgitte

    2010-01-01

    Prognostic factors for chronic whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) are identified. In WAD grade I-III, 50% report neck pain after one year (30% in background population). There is a female preponderance among WAD cases. 10% develop a work disability, but no gender differences are found. Age, crash...... issues, magnetic resonance imaging of the neck and smooth-pursuit-neck-torsion-test are of no prognostic value. While reduced active neck mobility is associated with a 4.6 times raised risk for work disability after one year, the impact-of-event score yielded an increase in OR of 3.3, and intense pre...

  7. Anæstesiologiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinmetz, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    Patients with severe traumatic injuries occasionally undergo damage control surgery. This paper highlights some of the perioperative anaesthesiological considerations. Although damage control is often used as a surgical term, it is crucial that personnel involved in the parallel resuscitation...

  8. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, and between one fourth and one third of the patients do not obtain seizure freedom after treatment with antiepileptic drugs. If the epileptic seizures in such patients have severe consequences, the patients should be assessed for epilepsy surgery. In ca...

  9. Nye diagnostiske tiltag ved akantamøbekeratitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Esben Tranholm; Heegaard, Steffen; Hjortdal, Jesper Østergaard

    2011-01-01

    Acanthamoeba keratitis is a rare but sight threatening condition. A major problem is that the disease is difficult to diagnose and often mistaken for herpes infection in its early stages. We present an update in diagnostics with the presentation of five recent cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis where...... the use of confocal microscopy and PCR based DNA analysis of epithelial scrapings played a pivotal role. An early diagnose is crucial for achieving a successful outcome....

  10. Klinisk effekt af ranitidin ved psoriasis. Et abent prospektivt studie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Kristensen, J K; Hansen, Ulla

    1997-01-01

    We report the results of an open, prospective study of 20 patients with moderate to severe psoriasis (median PASI score: 15.7) treated with oral ranitidine 300 mg twice daily for six months. No other medication was allowed during the study period. The median PASI score was reduced to 14.5, 9...... patients continued therapy with ranitidine 300 mg twice daily after the study was completed. None of these patients relapsed during a follow-up period of 12-18 months. The results of the present study suggest that ranitidine may be beneficial in the treatment of some patients with psoriasis....

  11. Færre indikationer for sedation ved respiratorbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strøm, Thomas; Rian, Omar; Toft, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation have traditionally been deeply sedated. In the latest decade growing evidence supports less sedation as being beneficial for the patients. A daily interruption of sedation has been shown to reduce the length of mechanical ventilation and t...

  12. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    the patient has a peripheral or a central cause of vertigo, if the condition is potentially lethal and if there is a need for acute radiological imaging and/or medical intervention. This review highlights the oto-neurological approach to the dizzy patient with particular focus on the patient's history...

  13. Intensiv versus standardbehandling ved debuterende psykose--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Mette; Jeppesen, Pia; Petersen, Lone

    2009-01-01

    A total of 547 patients with a first episode of psychosis were randomised to two years of intensive early intervention programme (OPUS) versus standard treatment. OPUS treatment consisted of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) with manuals for family involvement and social skills training. Standard...

  14. Minimal restsygdom ved maligne blodsygdomme II. Translation og terapeutiske konsekvenser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hokland, Peter; Ommen, Hans Beier; Nyvold, Charlotte Guldborg

    2009-01-01

    The translation of quantitative polymerase chain reaction technology for the quantitative detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) arising from molecular aberrations in leukaemias has progressed from the pre-clinical setting to daily clinical practice. Thus, it is now part of the mainstay in f...

  15. Ansatte hentede inspiration ved Burning Man-festival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2012-01-01

    Hvert år i den sidste uge af august omdasse en ørken dybt inde i Nevada til mekka for kunst,kreativ innovation og menneskelig udfoldelse......Hvert år i den sidste uge af august omdasse en ørken dybt inde i Nevada til mekka for kunst,kreativ innovation og menneskelig udfoldelse...

  16. Utilstraekkelig dokumentation af dødelighed ved krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Caecilie Böck; Nielsen, Karoline Kragelund

    2010-01-01

    Mortality estimates can be used for research, to inform or influence policy, for reconciliation processes, to plan health delivery and relief operations and for legal purposes. Many different methods have been applied and each has strengths and weaknesses. Recent years have seen an international...... effort in various disciplines like humanitarian actors, demographers and forensic anthropologists to cooperate, and efforts are being made to make data collection more systematic and valid. However, there are political, methodological and security-related challenges that must be overcome. Udgivelsesdato...

  17. Nye behandlingsmuligheder ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  18. Patofysiologien ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  19. Kaffe kan være gavnlig ved leversygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Maria; Thiele, Maja; Krag, Aleksander

    2014-01-01

    Coffee is one of the most commonly consumed beverages in the world. Consequently, it is important to consider the impact of coffee on health and disease. A daily intake of at least three cups of coffee is likely to have beneficial health effects, especially in patients at risk of liver diseases....... Coffee has been associated with decreased liver inflammation, prevention of cirrhosis, reduced steatosis and lower incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. It is not yet possible to make clear recommendations, but coffee can likely be included as part of a healthy diet for patients with liver diseases....

  20. Incidens, patologi og klinik ved neuroendokrine gastrointestinale tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Federspiel, Birgitte Hartnack; Hansen, Carsten Palnaes; Vainer, Ben

    2010-01-01

    Gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP NETs) are unusual. Their incidence, the different tumour types and growth patterns are described. The tumours should be classified according to the WHO 2000 classification and the Tumour Node Metastasis classification according to guidelines from...

  1. Nye behandlingsmuligheder ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog......Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  2. Ny markør ved trombotisk trombocytopenisk purpura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, Jens Peter; Hillarp, Andreas; Lindblom, Anders

    2008-01-01

    Thrombotic microangiopathy can be caused by several conditions which are difficult to diagnose from the clinical presentation alone. Deficient enzyme activity of a newly-discovered enzyme, ADAMTS-13, can lead to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Lack of ADAMTS-13 activity causes increased...

  3. Patofysiologien ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog......Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  4. Cancer kan være differentialdiagnose ved psykiatriske symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eibye, Simone; Speyer, Helene; Benros, Michael Eriksen

    2015-01-01

    We present a patient with psychiatric symptoms as the first manifestation from an undetected brain tumor. The patient had symptoms of psychosis and a prior history with depression. A slight alteration in consciousness was found but no neurological deficits. Blood tests showed increased infection...

  5. Erythropoietin--en ny terapi ved cerebral iskaemi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalialis, Louise Vennegaard; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    2003-01-01

    as an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective drug. EPO and its receptor are expressed in neurons, glial cells and brain capillary endothelial cells, and the system is upregulated in conditions of cerebral ischaemia and hypoxia. Animal studies have now established that intracerebroventricular administration...... administration of recombinant EPO ameliorates neuronal damage after brain ischaemia, and prevents the loss of autoregulation of cerebral blood flow following experimental subarachnoid haemorrhage. Recombinant human EPO is a safe and non-toxic drug, and clinical studies are currently investigating...... of recombinant EPO exerts neuroprotection in models of stroke. The mechanisms appear to involve an upregulation of specific anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory pathways. In addition, neurotrophic and angiogenetic effects of EPO may contribute in a long latency protection. Interestingly, also systemic...

  6. Støtte til egenomsorg ved kronisk sygdom?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsted, Peter; Jørgensen, Bjarne Søgaard; Rytter, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Self-management is part of chronic care to ensure an informed and activated patient. We scrutinised systematic literature reviews about self-care in general practice. There were effects on clinical and patient related measures and health services utilisation. Most effect was seen in interventions...... using health care professionals to provide education about action plans and medical treatment. Patient led education did not show effect on clinical outcome but on patient-related measures. We conclude that general practice should implement self-management as part of chronic care. Udgivelsesdato: 2010...

  7. Anvendelse af præhospital tourniquet ved livstruende ekstremitetstraumer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyngsaa Lang, Christian; Lauridsen, Trine; Boel, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    on the battlefield. Treating bleeding and hypovolaemia is now considered as the primary intervention. The tourniquet has proven to be an indis­pensable tool treating wounded soldiers, with little risk of complications. The tourniquet might also show to be a valuable asset in a pre-hospital urban setting....

  8. Antitrombotisk behandling ved iskaemisk apopleksi og transitorisk cerebral iskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Karsten; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup; Husted, Steen E

    2007-01-01

    In acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA), aspirin is recommended to all patients (except immediately following thrombolysis). Heparin and anticoagulant therapy using vitamin K antagonists should be avoided in the acute phase. Secondary preventive antithrombotic treatment...... includes anticoagulation in patients with cardioembolic stroke and antiplatelet agents aspirin possibly combined with dipyridamole or clopidogrel alone in patients with non-cardioembolic stroke. Other individual risks may modify this treatment regimen. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Oct-1...

  9. Cerebral sinustrombose ved Behçets sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schytz, Henrik Winther; Wegener, Marianne; Lassen, Lisbeth Landschoff

    2012-01-01

    Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology with involvement of multiple organs. The incidence of BD is highest in the countries along the ancient Silk Route. In approximately 9% of the BD patients there is involvement of the central nervous system (CNS......). We present a case of a 32 year-old Lebanese woman with severe headache and papilloedema due to a cerebral venous thrombosis and secondary intracranial hypertension. During follow-up she was diagnosed with bilateral uveitis and a history of recidivating oral and genital ulcerations was disclosed. BD...... with CNS affection is an important diagnosis to keep in mind in case of cerebral venous thrombosis....

  10. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect i...... in relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee....

  11. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect i...... in relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  12. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose ved cancer mammae uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Hansen, Mogens; Kristensen, Bent

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer.......The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  13. Strategier ved udredning af malassimilation. En kritisk status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, J J

    1997-01-01

    with occult (compensated) malassimilation. Malassimilation of carbohydrates may be physiological (starch, fructose, sugar alcohols etc., in certain ethnic groups lactose) as well as pathological. In both instances chronic gastro-intestinal distress may arise in sensitive individuals. The diagnosis is based...

  14. Intensiv versus standardbehandling ved debuterende psykose--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Mette; Jeppesen, Pia; Petersen, Lone

    2009-01-01

    A total of 547 patients with a first episode of psychosis were randomised to two years of intensive early intervention programme (OPUS) versus standard treatment. OPUS treatment consisted of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) with manuals for family involvement and social skills training. Standard...... treatment comprised contact with a community mental health centre. OPUS treatment improved the clinical outcome after two years of treatment, but the effects were not sustainable up to five years after. The secondary outcome measures showed a difference on supported housing and use of bed-days at the five...

  15. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose ved cancer mammae uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Hansen, Mogens; Kristensen, Bent

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  16. Nye prognostiske markører ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Brünner, N A; Thorlacius-Ussing, O

    1998-01-01

    The majority of patients diagnosed as having colorectal cancer do not survive five years, although 70%-80% undergo curative surgery. Only a minority of the patients receive additional adjuvant chemo-, radio- and/or immunotherapy, which has proven its efficiency in a minor part of patients...... with Dukes C disease. Therefore, adjuvant therapy has only an insignificant impact on overall survival improvement. The present treatment of patients with colorectal cancer is far from sufficient, and this has led to considerations of how to optimize both surgical and adjuvant medical treatment strategy...... are cured by surgery alone, and these should not receive additional adjuvant treatment. Therefore, considerations are required of how to implement new modalities, and of selection of patients who are expected to benefit from a specific modality or a combination of modalities. It is suggested, that new...

  17. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether...... the patient has a peripheral or a central cause of vertigo, if the condition is potentially lethal and if there is a need for acute radiological imaging and/or medical intervention. This review highlights the oto-neurological approach to the dizzy patient with particular focus on the patient's history...

  18. Prognostiske markører for vaegttab ved adipositasbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, A V; Buemann, B; Gluud, C N

    1996-01-01

    The aim of the study was to identify prognostic metabolic markers for long-term weight loss outcome in obese women. Forty female obese patients underwent a dietary intervention of 36 weeks treatment with a 4.2 MJ/d low-fat high carbohydrate diet and were followed-up two and a half years after...... at two and a half years follow-up. The study suggests that long-term weight loss outcome may be predicted by pre-treatment metabolic and hormonal factors in obese women....... cessation of treatment. The maximum weight loss (mean 16.2 kg. 95% CI 14.2-18.2) was positively associated to pre-treatment 24-h energy expenditure (EE) (p

  19. Anaestesimonitorering ved magnetisk resonans undersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, K; Sørensen, M B; Boelt, P

    1992-01-01

    in Copenhagen are described. This monitoring includes continuous ECG recording, measurements of pulse and blood-pressure once per minute and continual monitoring of respiration including concentrations of carbon dioxide in the inspired and expired air and the concentration of oxygen in the inspired air...... concentrations in the tissues may be performed. In anticipation of the possibility of employing MR-scanning as an important diagnostic aid for assessing the causes of unconsciousness in patients in intensive care, attempts have been made to establish reliable and justifiable equipment for monitoring which can....... In addition, model solutions have be outlined for establishing mechanical ventilation with the servorespirator and the possibility of producing an employable pulse oxymeter is described. It is stated that, provided all of the elements in the above mentioned model solution for monitoring during anaesthesia...

  20. Sociale, økonomiske og kulturelle aspekter ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Claus; Stenager, Elsebeth; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2010-01-01

    The sequelae following whiplash injuries (WL) entail considerable human costs and expenses for both treatment and social services, especially public income benefits. Frequently, many players are involved after WL and good intersectional collaboration is therefore essential to counter the WL...... patients' tendency not to return to their jobs. There is a need for further research i) to identify evidence-based prophylaxis and treatment, ii) to monitor medical diagnoses in relation to social benefits to support research opportunities and iii) to assess whether other social solutions comprise...

  1. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved reumatoid artritis. Hvilke faktorer spiller ind?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, L.; Sørensen, J.; Østergaard, Morten

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing joint pain, loss of function and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). HRQoL in RA patients is associated with several risk factors; in this paper the evidence relating to the most important risk factors is reviewed....... Modern medical therapy has improved HRQoL in RA patients, while demographic factors (female sex and older age), low socioeconomic status (in terms of education and position in the work force) and the presence of comorbid conditions appear to be associated with poorer HRQoL Udgivelsesdato: 2008/3/3...

  2. Økonomisk daekningsgrad og gennemsnitlige omkostninger ved hospitalsbehandlet tilskadekomst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritsen, Jens; Kidholm, Kristian; Skov, Ole

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the average costs of injuries and the proportion of total (treatment + social) costs covered when including injuries treated at the hospital.......The purpose of this study was to estimate the average costs of injuries and the proportion of total (treatment + social) costs covered when including injuries treated at the hospital....

  3. Nyrepåvirkning ved behandling af hjertesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Zhiying Zhang; Barfod, Toke; Klit, Jakob

    2009-01-01

    The case of a 66-year-old male with heart failure and cardiorenal syndrome is presented. The patient had normal renal function before intensive treatment with diuretics and ACE inhibitor. Shortly after the ACE inhibitor was stopped and diuretics were either stopped or reduced in dosage, his renal...

  4. Svær hyponatriæmi ved terlipressinbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Anja; Krag, Aleksander

    2013-01-01

    to terlipressin treatment. A 60-year-old woman with bleeding oesophageal varices was treated with terlipressin 2 mg every fourth hour. After 24 hours of treatment she was somnolent, and the sodium concentration had dropped from 127 mmol/l to 107 mmol/l. Hyponatraemia is an important adverse event in terlipressin...

  5. Også gravide skal rektaleksploreres ved anale symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Helle Manfeld; Rahr, Hans

    2012-01-01

    assessment. Following caesarian section, diagnostic workup showed multiple liver metastases. Rectal cancer in pregnancy is rare, while haemorrhoids are common. We recommend keeping the differential diagnoses in mind and performing a digital rectal examination if pregnant women have anal symptoms....

  6. Laktatacidose ved behandling af type 2-diabetes med metformin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Helle; Eldrup, Ebbe; Guldstad, Nana Harriet

    2012-01-01

    Metformin (MET) is the first-line agent in treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, MET has been associated with lactic acidosis (MALA), a potential but rare complication which has influenced treatment strategies in decades. Recently, guidelines have been changed in regards of age and heart failure...... and the contradiction of chronic renal impairment has been debated. This article identifies potential risk groups and situations that would benefit from a temporary interruption in the MET treatment....

  7. Manglende effekt af substitutionsbehandling ved alfa 1-antitrypsin-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Ronald; Hilberg, Ole; Ottesen, Anders Løkke

    2011-01-01

    in the decrease of lung density measured by computed tomographies, but found no clinical nor statistical significant difference in respiratory symptoms, quality of life, lung function, use of medication, exacerbations, respiratory infections or survival. Based on the present evidence A1AT substitution therapy...

  8. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether the p...

  9. Basale kapabiliteter ved bosteder for udviklingshæmmede

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldsen, Christian Christrup; Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen introducerer tilgangen capability approach som en måde både at beskrive og tillige at måle livskvalitet på. Artiklen bygger desuden en spørgeskemaundersøgelse vedr.oplevelse af livskvalietet til samtlige pædagogiske medarbejdere i KvaliKombo-projektet....

  10. Værdien af arbejdstest ved akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Madsen, J K

    2001-01-01

    . An invasive strategy is warranted in patients who continue to have angina and exhibit significant ST-segment depression in the exercise-ecg or reversible defects on perfusion scintigraphy. Based on the results of a recent, large scale randomized study, patients with unstable angina or acute non...... from an invasive versus a conservative treatment strategy. According to the literature, a normal exercise test result after ACS is associated with an excellent clinical outcome. Patients who for clinical reasons are unable to perform an exercise test comprise a high risk group for future cardiac events......-Q-wave infarction appear to benefit from an early invasive treatment strategy--regardless of the results of a preceding exercise test. Udgivelsesdato: 2001-Jan-29...

  11. Overførsel af viden ved flytning af produktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov; Riis, Jens Ove; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum

    2010-01-01

    Empiriske studier i tre industrielle virksomheder har afsløret, at selv virksomheder med mange års erfaring i at overføre produktion til andre lande hovedsagelig fokuserer på planlægning af den fysiske overflytning af produktionsudstyr og fokuserer på den eksplicitte viden, der er tilknyttet prod...

  12. Anvendelse af monoaminooksidasehæmmeren isocarboxazid ved behandlingsresistent depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jens Knud; Krogh-Nielsen, Lene; Brøsen, Kim

    2015-01-01

    The antidepressant efficacy of isocarboxazide is well established; however, the clinical use early became restricted and today the use of isocarboxazide in Denmark is very limited. Isocarboxazide is safe when keeping a low tyramine-containing diet and avoiding concomitant treatment with certain d...... in the official treatment algorithms for patients who are resistant to conventional antidepressant therapy and electroconvulsive therapy....

  13. Mulighetsstudie for urbant jordbruk ved Gaustadjordet i Oslo

    OpenAIRE

    Espeli, Marthe Bævre

    2017-01-01

    Thesis exploring possibilities for urban agriculture activities at Gaustadjordet, Oslo Gaustadjordet is located in Oslo Kommune, which holds 658 390 inhabitants. (https://www.oslo.kommune.no/politikk-og-administrasjon/statistikk/ befolkning/folkemengde-og-endringer/, 01.01.16) The area is located south of preserved forest areas surrounding the city, and the recreational area of of Sognsvann, northwest of Majorstua, between Blindern and Vinderen metro stations. The area has traditionally be...

  14. Resuscitation og abdominalkirurgiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillingsø, Jens G; Svendsen, Lars Bo; Johansson, Pär I

    2011-01-01

    vicious cycle". Due to this a new resuscitation practice has been defined; damage control resuscitation, consisting of hypotensive resuscitation (restricted use of crystalloids), haemostatic resuscitation (balanced use of blood components) in combination with surgical haemostatic procedures (damage...... control surgery)....

  15. Evaluering af Feedback-Informed Treatment ved Silkeborg Kommunes Familiecenter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Helle; Christensen, Christiane Præstgaard; Termansen, Tina

    Feedback-Informed Treatment (FIT) bliver i stadig stigende grad brugt på det sociale område i Danmark. Det er et dialog- og evalueringsredskab, der kan bruges aktivt i familiebehandlingen til at justere, tilpasse eller tilrettelægge forløbene mest hensigtsmæssigt. Denne rapport evaluerer erfaring......Feedback-Informed Treatment (FIT) bliver i stadig stigende grad brugt på det sociale område i Danmark. Det er et dialog- og evalueringsredskab, der kan bruges aktivt i familiebehandlingen til at justere, tilpasse eller tilrettelægge forløbene mest hensigtsmæssigt. Denne rapport evaluerer...... systematiske feedback giver dem viden om familiens problemer, som de ellers ikke ville have fået og dermed mulighed for at tilpasse indsatsen til familien. Undersøgelsen viser dog også, at selvom FIT er et relativt enkelt redskab, så tager det tid at implementere, da det kræver rigtig meget øvelse og...... forståelse, at bruge den feedback, som de aktivt får i behandlingsforløbet. FIT indeholder også et redskab til at måle udviklingen i familiernes trivsel (Outcome Rating Scale), og det viser generelt, at familierne får det bedre efter behandlingsforløbene. Undersøgelsen viser samtidig, at udviklingen også kan...

  16. Dosisdispensering som årsag til fejlmedicinering ved sektorovergang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lysen, Charlotte; Hendriksen, Carsten; Faxholm, Mette Straarup

    2011-01-01

    Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) was introduced in Denmark in 2001 in order to minimize medication errors. In May 2010 44.500 Danish citizens received MDDD. We report two cases where MDDD in the primary sector led to medication errors after hospitalisation, the reason partly being difficulties...

  17. Validering af spørgeskema ved lidelser i overekstremiteten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herup, Alex; Merser, Søren; Boeckstyns, Michel

    2010-01-01

    DASH stands for Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand and is a questionnaire developed in the US that can be used for assessment of patients with disability in the upper extremities. On the basis of the answers provided, a numerical DASH score can be calculated that reflects the patient......'s subjective evaluation of his or her disability. DASH would be of use for all upper-limb disorders and is appropriate for both acute and chronic disorders of either traumatic or non-traumatic aetiology. We present a study in which DASH has been used in a group of patients with a variety of conditions...

  18. Myokardieskintigrafi. Praecis og omkostningseffektiv billeddiagnostik ved koronarsygdom--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hesse, B.; Petersen, C.L.; Marcassa, C.

    2008-01-01

    and can stratify patients according to risk of cardiac events. MPS also provides valuable information to assist clinical decision-making. A large body of evidence supports the current applications of MPS, which has become integral to several guidelines for clinical practice Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/3...

  19. Bivirkninger ved N-acetylcystein-behandling af paracetamolforgiftede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, L E; Dalhoff, K P

    1999-01-01

    Treatment of paracetamol intoxication with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is standard in Denmark. NAC is considered safe with relatively few side effects. It is recommended that all patients be treated irrespective of paracetamol dose or time from intoxication to treatment start. Consequently a higher nu...

  20. Mikrobiologiske forhold ved aggressive former for marginal parodontitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Belstrøm, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Aggressiv parodontitis er en alvorlig sygdom, der kan manifestere sig klinisk i en lokal og generaliseret form, og som ubehandlet ultimativt kan medføre tandtab i en tidlig alder. Nekrotiserede parodontale sygdomme, herunder nekrotiserende gingivitis, parodontitis og stomatitis, er kliniske...... og den orale mikroflora. På trods af at alvorlige parodontale sygdomme er multifaktorielt betingede, menes tilstedeværelsen af orale bakterier at udgøre en væsentlig ætiologisk andel i patogenesen, hvorfor behandlingen af alvorlige parodontale sygdomme primært sigter mod kontrol af den bakterielle...... komponent for dermed at genetablere balancen mellem værten og den tilstedeværende mikroflora. Udviklingen af DNA-baserede mikrobiologiske metoder har øget vores viden omkring den orale mikroflora betragteligt og har samtidig muliggjort detaljerede studier af lokale bakterielle ændringer i forbindelse med...

  1. Transabdominal chorion villus biopsi ved abnormt ultralydfund i 2. trimester

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertz, Jens Michael; Jensen, P K; Henriques, U

    1990-01-01

    If oligohydramnios, growth retardation or foetal malformations are demonstrated by ultrasonic scanning in the second or third trimesters, this implies that the risk of chromosome anomalies is significantly increased. In cases such as these, determination of the foetal karyotype may therefore...... be indicated. Until recently, amniocentesis has been employed for this but the results of the chromosome investigation are not available until two to three weeks after the intervention. The delay between amniocentesis and the result of chromosome investigation imposes a mental strain on the pregnant woman...... oligohydramnios, growth retardation or foetal malformations have been demonstrated by ultrasonic scanning, in cases where referral for antenatal diagnosis is very late and when chromosome investigation after amniocentesis proves unsuccessful and repeated amniocentesis would result in an unacceptably late result....

  2. Aflastning af tumorbetinget obstruerede øvre urinveje ved prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraemer, Pia Charlotte; Borre, Michael

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Hydronephrosis in patients with prostate cancer can be relieved by nephrostomia or internal urinary diversion by a double-J ureteral stent. The latter can be placed either retrograde or antegrade by means of an already established nephrostomy. The purpose of the present study...... was to summarize the use of the different kinds of catheters and to explore differences in use and functional durability. Furthermore, the number of days of hospitalization was recorded. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 51 journals from prostate cancer patients who had undergone external and....../or internal relief during the 10-year period from 1997-2007. All patients were admitted to Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark. RESULTS: A total of 237 procedures were performed. In the acute situation, the patient typically underwent external catheter relief with either one-sided or - more frequently...

  3. Effekt af kompenserende strategier rettet mod kognitive deficits ved skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Peter; Hounsgaard, Lise; Jensen, Birte Østergaard

    konkluderes, hvorvidt CAT kan tilbydes som supplement til nuværende tilbud. Formålet med undersøgelsen: At evaluere effekten af CAT behandling sammenlignet konventionel behandling med fokus på sociale funktioner, symptomer, tilbagefald, genindlæggelser og livskvalitet, hos ambulante patienter med skizofreni...

  4. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved reumatoid artritis. Hvilke faktorer spiller ind?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, Louise; Sørensen, Jan; Østergaard, Mikkel

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing joint pain, loss of function and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). HRQoL in RA patients is associated with several risk factors; in this paper the evidence relating to the most important risk factors is reviewed. ...

  5. Kliniske konsekvenser af intranasal insulinbehandling ved insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J C; Madsbad, S; Rasmussen, M H

    1996-01-01

    Metabolic control, hypoglycaemia frequency and nasal mucosal physiology were evaluated in 31 insulin-dependent diabetics treated with intranasal insulin at mealtimes for one month and with subcutaneous fast-acting insulin for another month in a randomized crossover trial. During both periods...... subcutaneous doses. The frequency of hypoglycemia was similar during intranasal and subcutaneous insulin therapy, and nasal mucosal physiology was unaffected after intranasal insulin. We conclude that due to low bioavailability and to a high rate of therapeutic failure, intranasal insulin treatment...

  6. Neuroendokrine forstyrrelser ved anorexia nervosa - primoere eller sekundoere?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støving, R K; Hansen-Nord, M; Hangaard, J

    1996-01-01

    or etiologic. Feeding behaviour in anorexia nervosa is characterised by a strong ambivalence and not by loss of appetite. Hypothalamic amenorrhea is a diagnostic criterion, and is not only secondary as it often precedes the weight loss and persists for a long time after weight and motor activity have returned...... deprivation. In conclusion most of the neuroendocrine abnormalities are secondary to weight loss, but some of them seem to participate in a circulus vitiosus and maintain the emaciated state. Udgivelsesdato: 1996-Dec-2...... to normal. Hypersecretion of corticotropin releasing hormone seems to be secondary to starvation, but at the same time it may keep up and intensify the anorexia, physical hyperactivity and amenorrhea. Low production of insulinlike growth factor-I and high growth hormone secretion reflects the nutritional...

  7. Laparoskopisk eller åben subtotal kolektomi ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Lars Joachim; Rosenberg, Jacob; Achiam, Michael Patrick

    2010-01-01

    Studies have shown that laparoscopic colectomy (LC) for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is just as safe as open colectomy. Some of the short-term advantages of laparoscopy are faster recovery, less pain, shorter hospital stay and fewer complications. The long-term advantages include superior cos...... cosmetic result, reduced intra abdominal adhesion formation, less frequent hospitalization due to small bowel obstruction and fewer incisional hernias. Cost-benefit analyses also favour laparoscopic surgery for IBD....

  8. Ingeniørenes rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    ? Den amerikanske videnskabsmand Jeremy Rifkin beskriver i sin seneste bog, The European Dream, hvordan europæisk energipolitik, -forskning, -udvikling og relateret industri kan hjælpe os til at bremse vores for øjeblikket eksponentielt stigende CO2-produktion - og hvordan vores globaliseringstankegang...... rent faktisk kan fremme denne indsats. Den eneste udfordring er, at nogen skal igangsætte en økonomisk/industriel revolution, for at drømmen gå i opfyldelse. Hvem skal tage ansvar for at sætte denne revolution i gang, og hvordan skal den opnås? Jeg finder det inspirerende, når jeg læser om Rifkin......'s patentløsning, som kort fortalt er baseret på at generere, opbevare og distribuere brintenergi gennem brint fra et komplekst og distribueret netværk af vedvarende energikilder, appellerer i næsten hver dimension til et antal danske ingeniørmæssige kompetencer. Fra de vedvarende energikilder som Rifkin nævner...

  9. Uventet fund af endobronkial lungetumor ved bronkoskopi hos en storryger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottlieb, Magnus; Clementsen, Paul Frost; Håkansson, Kåre

    2014-01-01

    A 60-year-old male heavy smoker surprisingly presented with a squamous cell carcinoma in the right upper lobe at bronchoscopy. Combined PET-CT classified the lung cancer as T1aN0M0. However, the endoscopic classification was T2a, which radically reversed the treatment schedule. Conclusions: 1) A ...

  10. Neisseria meningitidis. Lipopolysakkariders patofysiologiske rolle ved meningokoksygdom og septisk shock

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mie Østergaard; Pedersen, Dan Sonne; Pedersen, Michael

    2008-01-01

    A major pro-inflammatory and toxic component of N. meningitidis is lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS contributes to severe symptoms of meningococcal disease, septic shock and severe coagulopathy, in part by increasing pro-inflammatory mechanisms and reactive oxygen species. Recent technologies have...

  11. Meningokoksepsis diagnosticeret ved realtids-polymerasekædereaktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harboe, Zitta B; Howitz, Michael F; Nørgaard, Christina

    2008-01-01

    Approximately 100 cases of meningococcal disease are reported annually in Denmark; 90% of these cases are confirmed by culture and serological methods. Real-time PCR was introduced in Denmark in 2005 as a diagnostic tool for meningococcal disease. We hereby report the first notified case of menin...

  12. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether...

  13. Brug af foetocidium ved sene provokerede aborter i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne Vinggaard; Petersson, Birgit

    2012-01-01

    As a result of prenatal screening, the number of late terminations of pregnancy is increasing in Denmark. The fact that the foetus sometimes shows signs of life after the termination is a large concern for health-care staff and parents. In other countries feticide is performed intrauterinely to e...... to ensure that the foetus is dead before the delivery. In Denmark this method is legally used in foetal reduction, but not in late termination of pregnancy. In the light of international literature on the subject, perspectives on feticide in late termination of pregnancy are explored....

  14. Effektiv behandling af hyperkalcaemi ved neonatal subkutan fedtnekrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergstein, Katrine Ryttov; Jacobsen, Ronni Bengtson; Jacobsen, Bengt Brock

    2010-01-01

    This is a description of two cases of subcutaneous fat necrosis due to asphyxia in two newborns, and associated hypercalcaemia. Treatment with intravenous pamidronate 0.5 mg/kg for three days was very successful and well-tolerated. In conclusion, the treatment of hypercalcaemia was effective...

  15. Danskernes seksualliv belyst ved befolkningsundersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Garde, Karin; Køster, Anne

    2002-01-01

    The sexual life is multitudinous and sexual dysfunctions should be interpreted in this complexity. Broader descriptive sexological studies based on normal populations are thus of relevance in medical science. The aim of this review was to describe existing Danish studies on sexuality in normal po...

  16. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved P-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...... the first year of usage. VTE risk increases with EE dose and progestin of 3rd and 4th generation. There are several difficulties in studying COC use in teenagers: high dropout rates, ethical considerations and many different COC formulas....

  17. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved p-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...... the first year of usage. VTE risk increases with EE dose and progestin of 3rd and 4th generation. There are several difficulties in studying COC use in teenagers: high dropout rates, ethical considerations and many different COC formulas....

  18. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    epilepsy surgery is not feasible, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) should be offered. VNS seems to have an effect in all epilepsy syndromes and seizure types. VNS is generally well-tolerated, and may even improve mood and quality of life. Many more epilepsy patients in Denmark should be offered VNS....

  19. Iltbehandling ved akut eksacerbation af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas; Lange, Peter; Mogensen, Torben

    2008-01-01

    Acute exacerbation of COPD is a major cause of hospitalisation in Denmark. Most of the patients require supplemental oxygen in the acute phase and some patients continue oxygen therapy at home after discharge. In this paper we discuss the physiological mechanisms of respiratory failure seen...... in acute exacerbations of COPD. The principles for oxygen therapy in the acute phase are described and recommendations for oxygen therapy are suggested....

  20. Ultralydundersøgelse ved diagnostik og kontrol af pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaarup, Søren Helbo; Graumann, Ole; Zhang, Chen

    2015-01-01

    Fast and accurate diagnostic of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is of vital importance. Chest X-ray is currently the most used image modality for the diagnosis of CAP. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is an image modality that seems superior to conventional chest X-ray for diagnosing CAP. LUS is better a...... at detecting and diagnosing complications to CAP. This narrative review gives an update on the literature and describes a practical approach to the use of LUS for the diagnosis and follow-up of CAP....

  1. Kliniske konsekvenser af intranasal insulinbehandling ved insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J C; Madsbad, S; Rasmussen, M H

    1996-01-01

    Metabolic control, hypoglycaemia frequency and nasal mucosal physiology were evaluated in 31 insulin-dependent diabetics treated with intranasal insulin at mealtimes for one month and with subcutaneous fast-acting insulin for another month in a randomized crossover trial. During both periods...

  2. Erytropoietin behandling kan forbedre kognition ved neuropsykiatriske lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Kristian Skov; Hageman, Ida; Wörtwein, Gitta

    2017-01-01

    Cognitive dysfunction is a core feature in a range of neuropsychiatric disorders which reduces patients' workforce capacity - the largest socio-economic cost of these disorders. Nevertheless, there is no clinically available medical treatment with robust and enduring efficacy on cognitive deficit...... in most neuropsychiatric conditions. Recent research has shown that erythropoietin may have beneficial effects on cognitive dysfunction across neuropsychiatric disorders, including bipolar and unipolar disorders, schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis.......Cognitive dysfunction is a core feature in a range of neuropsychiatric disorders which reduces patients' workforce capacity - the largest socio-economic cost of these disorders. Nevertheless, there is no clinically available medical treatment with robust and enduring efficacy on cognitive deficits...

  3. Sygeplejestuderendes omsorgsforudsætninger ved studiestart i 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsegaard, Helle Wendner; Rask Eriksen, Tine; Pedersen, Marianne Krogsgaard

    2008-01-01

    The object of the article is to describe the life-history-related care prerequisites of student nurses. The social-scientific study looks at students starting their professional bachelor training in 2002. The methods are based on mapping the population by means of a questionnaire which provides......, lower middle-class Mette and working class Nanna. The discussion puts into perspective which experiences are perceived as class-specific and which are likely to be anchored in an image of youth more characteristic of the period in relation to the first survey in 1987. Key words: Student nurses, care...... prerequisites, social and gender-related care experience. Eriksen Rask T, Vedsegaard H, Pedersen Krogsgaard M. Student nurses' care assumptions when they started their studies in 2002. Sygeplejersken 2008;(1):44-9. The object of the article is to describe the life-history-related care prerequisites of student...

  4. Dosisdispensering er en kilde til medicineringsfejl ved sektorskift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reuther, Lene Orskov; Lysen, Charlotte; Faxholm, Mette

    2011-01-01

    Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) signifies that the patient's medicine is packed in disposable bags corresponding to the dose that should be taken. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how a hospital MDDD instruction was followed.......Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) signifies that the patient's medicine is packed in disposable bags corresponding to the dose that should be taken. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how a hospital MDDD instruction was followed....

  5. Cricoideatryk a.m. Sellick ved akut anaestesiindledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrøm, Henrik Bitz; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    Since Brian Sellick introduced the cricoid pressure in 1961, it has become standard practice for the rapid sequence intubation. The manoeuvre has a high priority and is recommended maintained even during difficult intubation. In this review the lack of evidence for the aspiration-reducing effect...

  6. Medarbejdernes retsstilling ved grænseoverskridende overtagelse og fusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    Bogen, der er en publiceret ph.d.-afhandling, analyserer en række komplekse spørgsmål om medarbejdernes retsstilling, når den virksomhed, de arbejder i, overtages af en udenlandsk virksomhed gennem majoritetsovertagelse, virksomhedsoverdragelse, fusion eller spaltning. Afhandlingen behandler over...

  7. Rutinemaessig endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi kan ikke anbefales ved galdestenspankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2009-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend that patients with presumed severe gallstone-induced acute pancreatitis (GAP) should receive endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) within 72 hours. The results of a newly performed meta-analysis show that acute ERCP in patients with GAP does not reduce...

  8. Endoskopisk ultralydvejledt rendezvouskolangiografi ved mislykket endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boman, Pia Snedker; Perdawid, Sharafaden Karim; Lykkegaard, John

    2012-01-01

    In this case report we describe an alternative method of cholangiography. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was not successful in a patient with choledocolithiasis. A combined endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and ERCP procedure was performed and a stent was inserted in the common...

  9. Sociale, økonomiske og kulturelle aspekter ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Claus; Stenager, Elsebeth; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2010-01-01

    The sequelae following whiplash injuries (WL) entail considerable human costs and expenses for both treatment and social services, especially public income benefits. Frequently, many players are involved after WL and good intersectional collaboration is therefore essential to counter the WL...

  10. Sammenligning af QuantiFERON og hudtest ved mulig tuberkuloseinfektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Micha; Krause, Tyra Grove; Moryl, Dorte

    2009-01-01

    positive students were found in relation to the index case. Positive TST results and BCG vaccination (p ... to the desired level of safety and the cost for society and for the patients. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  11. Arbejdsmiljøet ved udbud af renovationsarbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busck, Ole Gunni

    Forfatteren gennemførte 2003-2005 en undersøgelse for Branchearbejdsmiljådet for transport af danske kommuners praksis i forbindelse med udbud og udlicitering af renovationsopgaver. Formålet var at kortlægge og analysere erfaringerne med varetagelse af arbejdsmiljøhensyn i kommunernes udbud og dr...

  12. Kulturel marginaliserng - social deltagelse, eksemplificeret ved mennesker med en sindslidelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannsen, Gundi Schrötter

    2002-01-01

    the possibilities for different communities' possibilities of changing the marginalization process and thereby insure a more socially equal participation. In the thesis the perspective of marginalization is viewed as culturally determined as opposed to being determined by a construction of opinion. The formation...... and collective formation of identity. The formation of identity is illuminated from general human circumstances, which influence the formation, and from particular difficulties existing for people in the marginalized category. The social consequences of a cultural marginalization manifests itself in social...... control. Because the thesis takes its starting point in different, specific communities, the thesis contains an account and a discussion of the main characteristics og communities and their possibilities of framing a collective negotiation. The emperial material is based on participant observation...

  13. Postoperativ strålebehandling ved cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Marie; Kvistgaard, Marianne Ewertz; Thomsen, Mette Skovhus

    2007-01-01

    with 5%. The effect is most pronounced in patients with a high risk of local recurrence, but is independent of adjuvant systemic treatment. Late radiation effects, in particular cardiac mortality can now be avoided using modern treatment technique. However, there is a continuous need to find the overall...... balance between the risk and benefit of RT based on individual prognostic parameters and technical possibilities. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Sep-3...

  14. Tumorcelledissociering som prognostisk markør ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klarskov, Louise; Engel, Ulla; Mogensen, Anne Mellon

    2009-01-01

    The invasive front of the colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in some cases displays budding, characterized by groups of up to five tumour cells. In 2006, budding was introduced in the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group's (DCCG) and the Danish Society of Pathology and Cytology's (DSPAC) CRC register form. Based...

  15. Forebyggende ambulant behandling ved affektiv lidelse (depression og mani)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel; Hansen, Hanne Vibe; Hougaard, Esben

    2007-01-01

    The present article is based on a Health Technology Assessment Report (HTA, available with an English summary at www.cemtv.dk) on preventive out-patient treatment of affective disorders. The article briefly reviews the course of depressive disorder and bipolar affective disorder and reviews...... the best available treatment modalities including shared care models, prophylactic pharmacotherapy and prophylactic combination therapy involving pharmacotherapy and psychological treatment....

  16. Sikker forløsning ved underkropspraesentation til terminen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, Lone

    2011-01-01

    It is well-documented from descriptive studies and a large randomized and controlled trial that planned vaginal delivery of term breech infants is associated with a risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. However, in a modern setting with careful case selection and labour management, complicat...

  17. Marin recipientundersøgelse ved Thule Air Base 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C. M.; Asmund, G.; Mayer, P.

    I 2002 gennemførte Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser en recipientundersøgelse ud for Thule Air Base (TAB) for at vurdere, om aktiviteterne og specielt de efterladte dumpe på TAB har belastet det marine miljø med forurenende stoffer. Undersøgelsen viser, at der findes flere forurenings-kilder som f. eks...... findes i Wolstenholme Fjord og Bylot Sund området og regionen som helhed. Det væsentligste forureningsproblem i forbindelse med akti-viteterne på Thule Air Base synes at være PCBerne, idet denne kontaminantgruppe viser forhøjede koncentrationer på 2-30 gange både lokalt og regionalt. PCB...

  18. Nye behandlingsmuligheder ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog...

  19. Kloakering i landbruget og ved mindre beboelser i landzone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, H.W.

    Publikationen er beregnet til at bruges sammen med DIF's "Norm for afløbsinstallationer", DS 432, og "Norm for mindre afløbsanlæg med nedsivning", DS 440. Den giver vejledning i planlægning og udførelse af afløbsanlæg med rørledninger i jord for ajle og spildevand ført til opbevaringstank eller v...

  20. Overvej cannabinoid hyperemesis-syndrom ved recidiverende opkastninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordholm-Carstensen, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterised by unrelenting nausea, recurrent vomiting, abdominal pain and compulsive, hot bathing behaviour. The symptoms contrast the traditional effects associated with cannabis use. We report a "textbook example" of a 26-year-old man with CHS. CHS...... is an important differential diagnosis to consider in patients with similar symptoms and the distinctive symptom relief in hot water. Early recognition may prevent extensive, unnecessary medical examinations and frequent hospital admissions....

  1. Nye diagnostiske tiltag ved akantamøbekeratitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Esben Tranholm; Heegaard, Steffen; Hjortdal, Jesper Østergaard

    2011-01-01

    Acanthamoeba keratitis is a rare but sight threatening condition. A major problem is that the disease is difficult to diagnose and often mistaken for herpes infection in its early stages. We present an update in diagnostics with the presentation of five recent cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis where...

  2. Columbus' navn hang ved, da Colombia rev sig fri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2016-01-01

    I 52 år har Colombia været skueplads for en særdeles blodig guerillakrig, som har kostet flere end 220.000 mennesker livet. Når den colombianske præsident, Juan Manuel Santos, i morgen på Oslos rådhus modtager Nobels fredspris, er det ikke bare, fordi Nobelkomitéen håber, at den vil give ham styr...... til at lykkes med en skrøbelig fredsproces med oprørsgruppen Farc. Prisen gives også som en hæder til det colombianske folk, der trods mange tilbageslag ikke har opgivet håbet om fred....

  3. Billeddiagnostiske og endoskopiske metoder ved Crohns sygdom i tyndtarmen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Michael Dam; Kjeldsen, Jens; Nathan, Torben

    2009-01-01

    Diagnosing Crohn's disease in the small intestine can be troublesome. Traditionally, the small bowel is evaluated by ileocolonoscopy and small bowel follow-through or enteroclysis. In recent years MRI, CT, ultrasound and capsule endoscopy have emerged. All are validated and implemented in clinical...... practice. Double-balloon enteroscopy, PET-CT and SPECT are newer methods, which are still being evaluated in clinical trials. The purpose of this article is to review clinical studies focusing on the validity of modalities for diagnosing Crohn's disease of the small intestine. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-17...

  4. Kirurgisk behandling af anale fistler ved Crohns sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heyckendorff-Diebold, Tina; Maeda, Yasuko; Buntzen, Steen

    2012-01-01

    The treatment of transsphincteric anal fistulas in Crohn's disease is a balance between the elimination of the sepsis and the functional outcome. Loose setons can be used as a preoperative drainage or chronic treatment. Fibrin glue and the anal fistula plug are methods with excellent functional...

  5. PET-skanning ved malignt melanom og positiv sentinel node

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horn, Janne; Sjøstrand, Helle; Lock-Andersen, Jørgen

    2010-01-01

    To illuminate the value of using positron emission tomography (PET) scan as a clinical routine screening procedure for detecting subclinical metastases in melanoma patients with positive sentinel node biopsy, we carried out a retrospective study which included a total of 80 patients....

  6. Muligt klinisk potentiale ved revertering af neuromuskulær blokade med sugammadex ved anæstesi og kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øberg, Emilie; Claudius, Casper

    2013-01-01

    Neuromuscular blockers (NMBs) provide good conditions for endotracheal intubation and surgery. NMBs have been associated with higher morbidity and mortality, mainly due to post-operative residual neuromuscular block. This may become history with the advent of sugammadex - an antidote to the NMB r...

  7. Forløsningsmåde ved underkropspraesentation. Selektion ved røntgenologisk baekkenmåling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, L; Nilas, L; Langhoff-Roos, J

    1997-01-01

    , pelvimetry was performed in 74 women, where pelvic dimensions too small for recommendation of vaginal breech delivery were found in 30 cases. The overall rate of caesarean section was 78%, among diagnosed patients it was 84% and 64% among undiagnosed breech presentations. Rates of morbidity (low Apgar score...

  8. Rethinking Neo-Vedānta: Swami Vivekananda and the Selective Historiography of Advaita Vedānta

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Madaio, James

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 8, č. 101 (2017) E-ISSN 2077-1444 Institutional support: RVO:68378009 Keywords : Swami Vivekananda * Neo-Vedanta * Advaita Vedanta * modern Hinduism Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Religious studies http://www.mdpi.com/2077-1444/8/6/101

  9. The cardiovascular safety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) among healthy people - A nationwide population study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fosbøl, Emil Loldrup

    2010-01-01

    -steroide anti-inflammatoriske lægemidler (NSAID) blandt raske mennesker. Ved hjælp af danskernes CPR nummer er det muligt at krydse registrene på individuelt niveau. Data dækker informationer om al anvendt receptpligtig medicin, hospitalsindlæggelser, indkomst samt overlevelsesstatus på alle danske indbyggere...... med alder på 10 år eller over den første januar 1997. Disse individer blev fulgt til slutningen af 2005. Afhandlingen bygger foruden deskriptiv statistik også på et historisk cohorte design hvor sammenhængen mellem NSAID forbrug og risiko for kardiovaskulære komplikationer analyseres ved hjælp af...... flere statistiske modeller. Tidligere studier har sat brugen af NSAID i forbindelse med øget risiko for hjertedød i forskellige grupper af patienter. Især den nye generation af lægemidlerne, de selektive cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 hæmmere, er grundigt undersøgt og den selektive COX-2 hæmmer rofecoxib (Vioxx...

  10. The pathway to an ADHD diagnosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang Madsen, Kathrine

    Baggrund: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) er en adfærdsmæssig lidelse, som er karakteriseret ved uopmærksomhed, hyperaktivitet og impulsivitet. ADHD er en af de mest almindelige børnepsykiatriske lidelser med en prævalens på 3-5% blandt børn og unge. I de seneste årtier har vi set...... en stigning i forekomsten af børn og unge med en ADHD-diagnose. En stor geografisk spredning i forekomsten af diagnosen giver dog anledning til at undersøge, hvad der påvirker diagnosticeringen af ADHD. Formål: Det overordnede formål med denne ph.d-afhandling var at undersøge betydningen af...... strukturelle, samfundsmæssige, familiemæssige og individuelle faktorer for ADHD-diagnosen. Metode: De anvendte datakilder var nationale sundhedsregistre og den danske nationale fødselskohorte, Bedre Sundhed for Mor og Barn (BSMB). Følgende blev undersøgt ved hjælp af befolkningsbaserede observationelle studier...

  11. Metoder for Modellering, Simulering og Regulering af Større Termiske Processer anvendt i Sukkerproduktion. Methods for Modelling, Simulation and Control of Large Scale Thermal Systems Applied in Sugar Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten Mølgaard; Nielsen, Jens Frederik Dalsgaard

    The subject of this Ph.D. thesis is to investigate and develop methods for modelling, simulation and control applicable in large scale termal industrial plants. An ambition has been to evaluate the results in a physical process. Sugar production is well suited for the purpose. In collaboration...... with The Danish Sugar Corporation two subsystems in the production have been chosen for application - the evaporation process and the crystallization process. In order to obtain information about the static and dynamic behaviour of the subsystems, field measurements have been performed. A realtime evaporator...... of a computer, a data terminal and an electric interface corresponding to the interface at the sugar plant. The simulator is operating in realtime and thus a realistic test of controllers is possible. The idiomatic control methodology has been investigated developing a control concept for the evaporation...

  12. Varehusbesøget som fornøjeligt hverdagsdrama

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bouchet, Julie Kirstine Linderoth; Jantzen, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer de koreografiske, scenografiske og dramaturgiske virkemidler, som IKEA har anvendt til at skabe et succesfuldt oplevelsesdesign.......Artiklen analyserer de koreografiske, scenografiske og dramaturgiske virkemidler, som IKEA har anvendt til at skabe et succesfuldt oplevelsesdesign....

  13. Det Ambiente

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Ulrik

    Det ambiente er iscenesættelsen af en karakteristisk sanseoplevelse, der er kendetegnet ved fornemmelsen af at være omgivet. I dag bliver begrebet om det ambiente mest anvendt i forbindelse med musikgenren ’ambient musik’. Det ambiente er dog ikke essentielt knyttet til det musikalske, men må...... forstås som et betydeligt bredere fænomen i den moderne æstetiske kultur, der spiller en væsentlig rolle i oplevelsen af moderne transportformer, arkitektur, film, lydkunst, installationskunst og digitale multimedieiscenesættelser. En forståelse af det ambiente er derfor centralt for forståelsen af en...... moderne æstetiseret oplevelseskultur i almindelighed. Da det ambiente ikke hidtil har været gjort til genstand for en mere indgående teoretisk behandling, er der dog stor usikkerhed omkring, hvad fænomenet overhovedet indebærer. Hovedformålet med Det ambiente – Sansning, medialisering, omgivelse er derfor...

  14. Søgeprocessen i Diskontinuert Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gertsen, Frank; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård

    I denne artikel diskuterer vi fænomenet Diskontinuert Innovation (DI). Vi tager udgangspunkt i at diskontinuert innovation er en meget kompleks proces, men anvender en simpel overordnet afbildningsmodel, som udtryk for at processen generelt kan opdeles i tre mere eller mindre iterative og sammenf...... innovation, og herigennem konkurrencefordele. Dette leder til identifikation af de mest anvendte søgestrategier og eksempler på, hvordan disse strategier er implementeret i udvalgte virksomheder.......I denne artikel diskuterer vi fænomenet Diskontinuert Innovation (DI). Vi tager udgangspunkt i at diskontinuert innovation er en meget kompleks proces, men anvender en simpel overordnet afbildningsmodel, som udtryk for at processen generelt kan opdeles i tre mere eller mindre iterative og...... sammenflettede aktiviteter: "idésøgning", "idéudvælgelse" og "implementering". Vi vælger at fokusere vores interesse på idésøgning. Et litteraturstudie afdækker først en række aspekter ved idésøgning. Derefter inddrages empiri fra et igangværende multi-nationalt forskningsprojekt, Discontinuous Innovation...

  15. Kvinder indlagt med svær præeklampsi efterlyser sammenhæng

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenshøj, Jette; Aagaard, Hanne

    2014-01-01

    Præeklampsi rammer 2-5 % af alle gravide i Danmark. Sygdommen kan udvikle sig alvorligt og eneste behandling er forløsning af det ofte præmature barn. Kvinder med svær præeklampsi gennemlever psykologisk stress, og de er samtidig i risiko for en efterfødselsreaktion. Formålet med studiet er......, at undersøge kvinders oplevelse og vurdering af den stress, der kan være forbundet med indlæggelse med svær præeklampsi. Studiet er baseret på interview med tre kvinder efter indlæggelse med svær præeklampsi. Benner og Wrubels forståelse af stress er anvendt som teoretisk ramme for udarbejdelse af...... forskningsspørgsmål. Data er analyseret og fortolket ved brug af indholdsanalyse. Følgende fire temaer er generet: Tryghed- utryghed, Moderrollen som stressende eller helbredende, Manglende kontrol, Behov for at blive lyttet til. Samlet beskriver studiet at utryghed i akutte situationer, en ændret moderrolle og...

  16. Empirical and theoretical aspects of the psychiatric diagnostic interview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Julie E Nordgaard

    2012-01-01

    Det psykiatriske interview er den primære kilde til psykopatologisk information og de psykiatriske diagnoser afhænger i høj grad af denne information. Overraskende nok, er det psykopatologiske interview ikke særlig grundigt undersøgt; hverken de teoretiske, epistemologiske eller mere empiriske og...... praktiske aspekter. Formålet med denne afhandling er at foretage en omfattende undersøgelse det psykiatriske interview med henblik på at belyse dets validitet. Afhandlingen er inddelt i de følgende 3 studier. Den første artikel i afhandlingen omhandler den diagnostiske værdi af Schneiders...... førsterangssymptomer (FRS) og består delvis af en teoretisk gennemgang og delvis af en litteratur gennemgang. Flertallet af de artikler, der indgår, anvendte ikke en fænomenologisk tilgang til interviewet ved undersøgelse for FRS, men brugte derimod standardiserede, strukturerede interviews. I næsten en fjerdedel af...

  17. A cluster-randomised, parallel group, controlled intervention study of genetic prostate cancer risk assessment and use of PSA tests in general practice--the ProCaRis study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Pia; Vedsted, Peter; Edwards, Adrian

    2013-01-01

    PSA-testen er det bedste og mest anvendte værktøj til at opspore prostatacancer. Testen er dog behæftet med fejlkilder, som kan føre til overflødig udredning, diagnosticering og behandling. Ved udredning tages biopsier med risiko for behandlingskrævende infektion. Behandlingen for prostatacancer...... fører ofte til vandladningsproblemer og impotens, og den har ikke vist sig specielt effektiv i behandling af den aggressive prostatacancer. Risikoen for overdiagnostik og overbehandling betyder, at PSA-testen ikke anvendes til generel screening for prostatakræft. Alligevel får mange patienter taget en...... PSA-test - ofte flere gange - måske fordi de ser sig selv som værende i særlig risiko. I ProCaRis-studiet får udvalgte praksis i Region Midtjylland mulighed for at tilbyde en genetisk risikovurdering for prostatakræft til patienter, som skal have en PSA-test. Den genetiske risikovurdering kan afgøre...

  18. Hvordan skabes et learning design, der motiverer og engagerer deltagerne i et online kompetenceudviklingsforløb?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inger-Marie Falgren Christensen

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel gør rede for det læringsdesign, der blev anvendt på Teaching for Tomorrow (T4T, som er et online kursus rettet mod undervisere på videregående uddannelser. Kurset omhandler de pædagogiske og tekniske aspekter ved flipped learning, blended learning og fjernundervisning. Hovedformålet med læringsdesignet var at motivere og engagere deltagerne til aktiv deltagelse. Læringsdesignet er baseret på voksenlæring, arbejdspladsrelateret læring, e-tivities, peer feedback, kollaboration, træning af praktiske færdigheder, asynkrone og synkrone læringsaktiviteter og badges. Der er indhentet kvalitative og kvantitative data, der viser, at læringsdesignet har potentiale ift. at motivere og engagere lærende. Imidlertid gør også andre faktorer sig gældende, såsom den enkelte deltagers specifikke situation ift. undervisning, samlet arbejdsbelastning og graden af support fra kolleger og ledelse. Det anbefales at anvende læringsdesignet men at sikre en følelse af forpligtethed både hos deltagerne og deres ledelse, at gøre designet tilstrækkeligt fleksibelt samt at tilbyde tilstrækkelig support.

  19. Hvordan skabes et learning design, der motiverer og engagerer deltagerne i et online kompetenceudviklingsforløb?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inger-Marie Falgren Christensen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel gør rede for det læringsdesign, der blev anvendt på Teaching for Tomorrow (T4T, som er et online kursus rettet mod undervisere på videregående uddannelser. Kurset omhandler de pædagogiske og tekniske aspekter ved flipped learning, blended learning og fjernundervisning. Hovedformålet med læringsdesignet var at motivere og engagere deltagerne til aktiv deltagelse. Læringsdesignet er baseret på voksenlæring, arbejdspladsrelateret læring, e-tivities, peer feedback, kollaboration, træning af praktiske færdigheder, asynkrone og synkrone læringsaktiviteter og badges. Der er indhentet kvalitative og kvantitative data, der viser, at læringsdesignet har potentiale ift. at motivere og engagere lærende. Imidlertid gør også andre faktorer sig gældende, såsom den enkelte deltagers specifikke situation ift. undervisning, samlet arbejdsbelastning og graden af support fra kolleger og ledelse. Det anbefales at anvende læringsdesignet men at sikre en følelse af forpligtethed både hos deltagerne og deres ledelse, at gøre designet tilstrækkeligt fleksibelt samt at tilbyde tilstrækkelig support.

  20. Fra mentee til mentor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    Interview med mentee og mentor ved Birger Søndergård, videodokumenteret ved Jan Apollo - til undervisningsbrug.......Interview med mentee og mentor ved Birger Søndergård, videodokumenteret ved Jan Apollo - til undervisningsbrug....

  1. Risiko for affektion af centralnervesystemet ved brug af mobiltelefon--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schüz, Joachim; Waldemar, Gunhild; Olsen, Jørgen H

    2009-01-01

    for migraine and vertigo and 30-40% less hospital contacts than expected for dementia (Alzheimer's disease, vascular and other dementia), Parkinson's disease and epilepsy among men. No associations were seen for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis or epilepsy in women. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-2......In a large nationwide cohort study including 420,095 persons whose first mobile phone subscription was between 1982 and 1995, who were followed through 2003 for hospital contacts for a diagnosis of a central nervous system disease, we observed 10-20% more hospital contacts than expected...

  2. Pårørendes erfaringer med bruk av frivillige ved alvorlig sykdom i hjemmet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvi Monika Flateland

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Next-of-kins’ experiences when using volunteers for palliative patients living at home The aim of this study was to illuminate next-of-kins’ experiences when using volunteers supplementing community health care services for palliative patients living at home. The study has a qualitative approach. Nine individual interviews were conducted with next of kin from a municipality in Southern Norway. Use of volunteers for palliative care in the home was a relief for next-of-kin, especially prominent for families who had limited social network. Planned volunteering resulted in the best results. Use of volunteer was also found helpful for families as they were given a "breathing space" and a certain normalization of everyday life. The volunteers followed up activities related to the patient that the next-of-kin to a limited extent managed to attend. This affected the next-of-kin’s conscience in a positive way. The next-of-kin experienced the volunteers to be empathetic, they could inspire confidence and showed good characteristics to assist ill people and their next-of-kin. The next-of-kin needed regular relief from volunteers as a supplement to the community health care services. The volunteers were well suited to meet people, who were in a difficult situation, and with their approach they had strong confidence in the next-of-kin and gave them relief in a challenging environment. The coordinator for palliative care was a key person in relation to the link between families, patients in palliative care and the volunteers.

  3. Blødning eller stent-trombose ved medicinafgivende stenter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Marianne Kjaer; Hüttel, Mogens

    2009-01-01

    Prolonged antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel is mandatory after implantation of drug-eluting stents. Evidence to support recommendations as to whether or not the treatment should be discontinued before an operation is lacking. We describe two cases in which clopidogrel was discontinued...... preoperatively with severe consequences (one fatality). Awaiting scientific evidence, anaesthetists, surgeons and cardiologists should establish local treatment algorithms for the management of surgical patients with a drug-eluting stent. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Feb-23...

  4. Fokus på skolegang ved visitation til anbringelse uden for hjemmet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam Mortensøn, Marie; Neerbek, Maja

    Anbragte børn og unge klarer sig dårligt i skolen. Derfor ønskes mere fokus på skoletilbuddet, når børn og unge bliver anbragt uden for hjemmet. SFI har for Undervisningsministeriet undersøgt samarbejdet omkring visitation til anbringelse og undervisning på især anbringelsessteder med intern skol......, hvordan institutioner, hvor børn og unge er anbragt, samarbejder omkring skolegangen både for børn, der undervises på institutionens interne skole og for børn, der undervises andre steder. Delrapport 4 udkommer som en opsamling af undersøgelsernes samlede forskningsresultater....

  5. Blodtransfusion ved større ortopædkirurgiske operationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jans, Øivind; Kehlet, Henrik; Johansson, Pär I

    2011-01-01

    Hip and knee surgery is associated with a relatively large bleeding and a need for perioperative transfusion. Postoperative anaemia may delay recovery, but transfusion carries inherent risks. However, only few randomised controlled studies evaluating the effects of different transfusion triggers...

  6. Om kreativitet og socialt entreprenørskab bl.a. ved universiteterne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupont, Søren

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen fokuserer på John Deweys og Paulo Freires teorier som en art grundlagsdiskussion for social entreprenørskab. Diskussionerne omkring dette sættes ind i rammerne for universiteternes virke i dag, og forfatteren vælger i den forbindelse af se social entreprenørskab som en mulighed...

  7. Pupilparalyse. En sjaelden komplikation ved øjeninfektion med Varicella zoster-virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallas, P

    2001-01-01

    Pupillary paralysis and paresis of the peripheral facial nerve on the left side was found in a 68-year-old man with concussion and herpes zoster ophthalmicus on the left eye. Post mortem examination showed no sign of intracranial hemorrhage. The cause of death was pulmonary oedema and aspiration...

  8. ’Du bestemmer – jeg li’ arbejde’ – om sprog og kultur ved jobsamtaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirilova, Marta

    2016-01-01

    (Original text in Danish) This paper presents the main results from a large interactional study of job interviews with second language speakers of Danish. The job interviews were part of a Danish governmental initiative (‘IO-stillinger’) aimed at integrating immigrants and newcomers to Denmark......, firstly through tailor-made job interviews, and later on through workplace mentoring, language courses and professional upgrades. At first sight, the ‘IO-stillinger’ job project was an example of an affirmative action towards the integration of immigrants in the workplace. In practice, however......, the recruitment process and the job interview as well as the phase-in were carried out as prototypical gatekeeping events that did not differ from other established employment practices. The paper discusses several examples of job interviews focusing on the co-construction of brought along and brought about...

  9. Hyperkalcæmi kan være eneste debutsymptom ved sarkoidose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermanrud, Thorbjørn; Janner, Julie Hjortsø; Steffensen, Ida Elisabeth

    2014-01-01

    an overproduction of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. We describe a case where hypercalcaemia was the only symptom in a patient with extrapulmonary sarcoidosis, and the investigation was misled by different serologic findings though PET-CT showed fludeoxyglucose uptake in the biceps femoris muscles. The diagnosis was made...

  10. Spinocellulært karcinom opstået ved cikatrice efter Calmette-vaccination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Maria; Andersen, F.; Salskov-Iversen, Maria Luise

    2014-01-01

    Marjolin's ulcer is an aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) found in chronically inflamed skin. SCC has been reported in smallpox vaccination sites, whereas basal cell carcinomas are more common in scar after bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. A 72-year-old man presented with a chronic...... ulcer at the site of his childhood BCG vaccination. At the time of examination, a 3 x 1.5 cm fleshy and secreting ulcer was found on the shoulder. Biopsy revealed SCC, and the tumour was surgically removed. In conclusion, chronic ulcers, especially those originating in chronically inflamed skin, should...

  11. Terapeutiske vacciner er et nyt behandlings-princip ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djurhuus, Sissal Sigmundsdòttir; Brasso, Klaus; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2015-01-01

    Therapeutic vaccines is a novel approach in castration-resistant prostate cancer treatment Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is defined as tumour progression despite castrate levels of serum testosterone. During the past decade a number of new therapies, including chemo­therapy and novel...... endocrine agents have been approved for CRPC treatment. The continued need for new effective drugs in CRPC has led to development of a novel therapeutic approach in CRPC treatment. Therapeutic vaccines activate the immune system to kill prostate cancer cells. This review describes recent pivotal phase 2...... and 3 trials of CRPC vaccines and discusses the impact on future CRPC management....

  12. Patofysiologiske mekanismer bag øjensymptomer ved primaere tumorer i corpus pineale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, N O; Møller, M; Garde, E

    1993-01-01

    Primary tumors of the pineal body can produce dyscoordinative movements of the eye, pupillary dilatation, paralysis of adduction during convergence and nystagmus. Obstruction of the aqueduct can cause hydrocephalus, increased intracranial pressure and papilledema. Diabetes insipidus may be a pres......Primary tumors of the pineal body can produce dyscoordinative movements of the eye, pupillary dilatation, paralysis of adduction during convergence and nystagmus. Obstruction of the aqueduct can cause hydrocephalus, increased intracranial pressure and papilledema. Diabetes insipidus may...

  13. Mulige problemer ved tegning af forsikring bekymrer patienter, der henvises til genetisk rådgivning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diness, Birgitte Rode; Juhl, Line Bune

    2014-01-01

    In Denmark insurance companies may request information regarding current and past disease of the applicants and their family when insurance is requested but they are prohibited from requesting information regarding the applicants' genetically determined risk of future disease. We report a web...

  14. Måling af prokalcitonin kan muligvis begrænse antibiotikaforbruget ved pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Peter; Lindhardt, Bjarne Ørskov

    2012-01-01

    Reduction of antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms is imperative. Pneumonia is important in this matter because of its high incidence, subjective diagnostic criteria, and variations in aetiology. Research has focused on the use of a procalcitonin-guided algorithm for antimicrobial stewardship...

  15. Svag evidens for graduerede elastiske kompressionsstrømper ved laparoskopisk sammedagskirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reza, Joan Anwar; Rasmussen, Hans Morten Schnack; Gogenur, Ismail

    2016-01-01

    Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are well-known complications after surgery. Despite the widespread use of graduated elastic compression stockings as a mechanical prophylaxis method against thromboembolic complications, data supporting their use for patients under-going laparoscopic...

  16. Tidlig invasiv undersøgelse af koronarkar er indiceret ved non-ST-elevationsmyokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsted Sørensen, Jacob; Stengaard, Carsten; Okkels Jensen, Lisette

    2013-01-01

    Today there is solid evidence that high-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction without ST-elevation should undergo routine invasive treatment, preferably with a very short delay. Evidence suggests that acute coronary occlusions are present in many of these patients. Nevertheless, so far n...... no studies have been powered to evaluate the impact of primary percutaneous coronary intervention on outcome in this patient population. With the advanced, prehospital, diagnostic possibilities available today it would be possible to investigate this issue further....

  17. Rationel antibiotikabehandling kan opnås ved audit og undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Lars; Gahrn-Hansen, Bente; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2011-01-01

    A prerequisite for rational antibiotic treatment is the suspicion that the disease is caused by bacteria and that treatment will reduce symptoms and complications. In primary health care most infections are caused by bacteria. The European project HAPPY AUDIT found that an intervention targeting...

  18. Risiko for anastomoselækage ved postoperativ behandling med nonsteroide antiinflammatoriske stoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, M.; Gögenür, Ismayil; Rosenberg, J.

    2010-01-01

    Anastomotic leakage is the most serious complication following colorectal resection. Recently, focus has been on possible effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Animal studies have found a correlation between treatment with NSAIDs and increased leakage rate, impaired anastomotic...... strength and reduced deposition of hydroxyproline. Retrospective human studies have reported increased leakage rates after postoperative diclofenac and celecoxib treatment. We recommend that diclofenac and celecoxib be omitted from analgesic regimens after colorectal surgery involving an anastomosis...

  19. Endocavitary radiotherapy in patients with rectal carcinoma. Endokavitaer straalebehandling ved cancer recti

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanum, G.; Tveit, K.M.; Giercksky, K.E. (Det Norske Radiumhospital, Oslo (Norway))

    1992-05-01

    Most patients with rectal carcinomas undergo surgery, either a resection with anastomosis or Miles' operation with permanent colostomy. Endocavitary radiotherapy is an alternative to surgery in patients with small carcinomas (Dukes' A) or adenovillous adenomas. The treatment is cheap, simple, gives good local tumour control, has low morbidity and does not require hosptialization. The Norwegian Radium Hospital has recently startet to use this method in selected cases of rectal carcinomas. 12 refs., 1 fig.

  20. Strategier til at undgå afhængighed ved smertebehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højsted, Jette; Rindom, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    Addiction is a feared complication of long-term opioid treatment in patients with chronic pains. Strategies to decrease the risk of addiction include estimating of risk factors, establishing treatment goals realistic for pain and function, considering how to discontinue therapy if treatment goals...... are not achieved, avoiding administration forms with rapid absorption, using validated screening instruments and avoiding high opioid doses. If signs of addiction do occur, precautions to hinder overuse of opioid should be taken....

  1. Ultralydskanning ved diagnostik og behandling af hoftedysplasi. Vurdering af en selektiv screeningsprocedure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, C.; Konradsen, L.A.; Ellitsgaard, N.

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: With the intention of reducing the treatment frequency of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH), two hospitals in Copenhagen implemented a screening and treatment procedure based on selective referral to ultrasonography of the hip (US). This paper describes and evaluates the proc......INTRODUCTION: With the intention of reducing the treatment frequency of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH), two hospitals in Copenhagen implemented a screening and treatment procedure based on selective referral to ultrasonography of the hip (US). This paper describes and evaluates...... the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The procedure defines procedures for referral, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of DDH. From 1998 to 2003 children with risk factors or with positive Ortolanis or Barlows test were referred to US. RESULTS: The treatment rate was 0.47%, and the rate of late diagnosed cases...... of the outcome of minor dysplastic/NFD hips must be based on a minimum of two US. An individualization of the treatment length was possible, and treatment length could be shortened in many cases. Compared with the incidence of DDH in Gentofte Hospital before the use of US, we suggest that this selective...

  2. Der er dokumenteret effekt af ekstrakorporal fotoferese ved T-celle-medierede sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Kristian; Schiødt, Ida; Gniadecki, Robert

    2011-01-01

    During extra corporeal photopheresis (ECP) 1.500 ml blood is extracted. Leucocytes are separated by centrifugation. Methoxsalen is added to the leucocytes and activated by UVA light. After treatment leucocytes are returned to the patient. ECP is a part of the treatment of acute and chronic graft...

  3. Manipulation af hvirvelsøjlen ved kronisk rygsmerte--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix, Tom

    2011-01-01

    A new Cochrane review based on 26 studies - 18 new since the last Cochrane review from 2003 - on spinal manipulation for chronic low back pain has been published by Rubinstein et al. Generally, manipulation for these patients was not clinically relevant better than other treatments like e.g. phys...

  4. Passivhustenkning og bedret termisk innemiljø ved varierende klimabelastninger og kulturtradisjoner

    OpenAIRE

    Niazi, Reza

    2015-01-01

    There are two criteria that have been important to me when I was going to write this task. The first is to clarify how well masonry buildings in Herat are protected against external climate impacts and how thermal indoor climate is affected by the properties of the building's elements. In order to determine how well a building is protected against external climate impacts, we can look at the energy demand for heating and cooling through a whole year. This energy demand depends on the heat los...

  5. Akut koronarangiografi er indiceret ved ST-elevation efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Møller, Jacob Eifer

    2013-01-01

    be offered to patients with a high likelihood of thrombotic coronary lesions, i.e. patients with ST-segment elevation in electrocardiogram (ECG) following resuscitation. This article suggests a triage and referral based on electronic transmission of ECG and teleconference with specialized centres in all...

  6. Primær perkutan koronar-intervention som en national reperfusionsstrategi ved ST-elevationsmyokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsted Sørensen, Jacob; Steengaard, Carsten; Holmvang, Lene

    2013-01-01

    The use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as the preferred reperfusion strategy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) requires optimal systems-of-care and logistics in order to enable rapid treatment of all patients. In Denmark, this has been achieved through prehospital...... electrocardiogram diagnosis, field triage and dedicated PCI centres 24/7. Today, primary PCI is an option for all Danish patients with STEMI, regardless of the distance to a PCI centre. This has led to a decline in both mortality and morbidity....

  7. Spredning af Staphylococcus aureus ved nasal bærertilstand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iskandar, Aline; Nguyen, Ngan; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2009-01-01

    of cap, gown, gloves, and mask could reduce this dispersal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 13 nasal Sa carriers were identified among 63 persons screened for Sa nasal carriage. The volunteers were studied for airborne dispersal of Sa in four different situations: quiet breathing, movements of the arms......, whispering and loud talking. These activities were performed with and without gown, gloves, mask and cap upon street clothes. RESULTS: The study showed that the highest number of Sa and bacteria in total was dispersed into the air when the volunteers were moving and wearing only their street clothes....... The dispersal of Sa into the air was reduced into a minimum by wearing cap, gown and gloves, and no further significant decrease was achieved by wearing a mask. This applied for all volunteers except for one, who had to wear a mask in order to reduce his dispersal of Sa to a minimum. The total dispersal...

  8. Fingermetastase fra brystkræft efter fingerkøling ved adjuverende kemoterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brygger, Louise; Cold, Søren

    2015-01-01

    A woman was referred to adjuvant chemotherapy after radical mastectomy. Frozen gloves were used to prevent onycholysis and neurotoxicity. Because of rapid progression of the cancer she received palliative chemotherapy. Shortly after she presented with growing subungual inflammation, first suspected...... to be a felon, but later diagnosed as a metastasis. Acrometastasis is very rare and is often mistaken for infection. The learning point is to consider acrometastasis when treatment for felon fails in patients with a history of cancer. A possible relationship between frozen gloves and acrometastasis cannot...

  9. Trombolyse ved apopleksi. Hvor stor er målgruppen, og hvor mange profiterer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammersgaard, Lars Peter; Rasmussen, Berit H; Germer, Ulla

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: At present it is possible to dissolve cerebral blood clots with thrombolysis. This is a standard treatment in the USA and Canada for early onset ischaemic strokes within three hours of the stroke. Acceptance of thrombolysis is based on a single clinical trial. However, three other...... patients with acute stroke admitted over a period of eight months. The most important exclusion criteria from the North American trial with thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke were applied on the Danish cohort. The number of patients who might benefit from thrombolytic therapy was estimated from...... clinical trials have cast doubt on the benefit of the treatment and it has not yet been approved in Denmark and other countries. We sought to investigate the possible impact of thrombolysis in an unselected Danish stroke population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study examined 502 unselected...

  10. Primært gastrointestinale symptomer ved malaria hos flygtningebørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    St-Martin, Gry; Thusgaard, Mikkel; Simonsen, Hanne Marie

    2009-01-01

    We present three cases of malaria in refugee children newly arrived from Sub-saharan Africa. Only one of the three children had fever and all had high parasite loads (2,5-14% parasitemia). Malaria is an important differential diagnosis in refugees from endemic areas, regardless of whether...

  11. Risiko for anastomoselækage ved postoperativ behandling med nonsteroide antiinflammatoriske stoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, M.; Gögenür, Ismayil; Rosenberg, J.

    2010-01-01

    strength and reduced deposition of hydroxyproline. Retrospective human studies have reported increased leakage rates after postoperative diclofenac and celecoxib treatment. We recommend that diclofenac and celecoxib be omitted from analgesic regimens after colorectal surgery involving an anastomosis...

  12. Kardiovaskulære risici ved behandling med nonsteroide antiinflammatoriske lægemidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Morten; Fosbøl, Emil Loldrup; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

    2016-01-01

    cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors has been associated with a substantial vascular risk but increasing concern also relates to traditional NSAIDs, in particular diclofenac. This review summarizes the current evidence regarding the cardiovascular safety of NSAIDs and presents recommendations for their use....

  13. Ruptur af fri venstre ventrikelvaeg, septum og papillaermuskler ved akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeld, Thomas; Hassager, Christian; Hjortdal, Vibeke E.

    2009-01-01

    . This risk of MCA can be reduced by sufficient revascularisation, but these rare differential diagnoses to cardiogenic shock remain important. Echocardiography is the diagnostic gold standard. First line treatment is medical and often mechanical stabilization, but this should not delay quick surgical...

  14. Transfusionspraksis ved total hoftealloplastik på danske ortopædkirurgiske afdelinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Alma B; Mehnert, Frank; Overgaard, Søren

    2009-01-01

    on the use of blood transfusion was collected from the Danish Transfusion Database (DTDB). The outcome was defined as red blood cell transfusion (yes/no) within eight days of surgery. We estimated the relative risk for red blood cell transfusion (RR) and a 95% confidence interval (CI) adjusting for possible...

  15. ABC kommer før genopvarmning ved svær hypotermi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Jens; Kjærgaard, Benedict

    2014-01-01

    The treatment of accidental hypothermia is still controversial and is missing detailed evidence-based guidelines. Current knowledge suggests that advanced trauma life support principles must be prioritized ahead of rewarming. In case of cardiac arrest, initiation of extracorporeal circulation bef...

  16. Pludselig uventet død--hypertrofisk kardiomyopati--genetisk verificeret ved obduktionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Maiken Kudahl; Lundemose, Jytte Banner; Jensen, Henrik Kjaerulf

    2009-01-01

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) may have sudden death as its first presentation. This case presentation describes a 25-year-old man with post-mortem finding of previously unknown left ventricular hypertrophy. Genetic analysis revealed a mutation in the myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3). Autopsy...

  17. Manglende evidens for skadelig effekt på knogleheling ved behandling med NSAID

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janum, Susanne; Kristensen, Billy Bjarne

    2012-01-01

    The use of NSAIDs for postoperative pain management following orthopaedic surgery or during conservative treatment of fractures is controversial. Experimental animal models suggest NSAIDs inhibit bone healing. In a review of the literature, there was no clinical evidence to support categorical...... discard of NSAID for postoperative pain relief in uncomplicated cases. However, NSAID should be considered a potentiel risk factor of impaired bone healing and avoided in patients with a high risk of pseudoarthrosis. Recommended daily doses should be respected and duration of treatment should be limited....

  18. Mikrokirurgi ved reanimation, lymfødem og håndkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    Microsurgery is defined as surgery performed with the aid of ocular magnification. In Denmark, this is undertaken by four units. This review describes the history of microsurgery which evolved during the 1960s. Microsurgery in hand surgery is primarily replantation and revascularisation but also ...

  19. Primaer brystrekonstruktion i forbindelse med mastektomi ved mammacancer. Indikation, procedure og umiddelbare operative resultater

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elberg, J J; Mollerup, C L; Dahlstrøm, K K

    2000-01-01

    Mastectomy and immediate reconstruction of 122 breasts were performed in 109 patients in close collaboration between plastic surgeons and general surgeons. In 56 patients reconstruction was performed using tissue expanders including 13 bilateral operations, 29 patients had a latissimus dorsi myoc...

  20. Omkostningseffektiv ændring af behandling ved delhudstransplantat på crus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennegaard Kalialis, Louise; von Sperling, Marie Louise; Hoyer, A.P.

    2012-01-01

    We present a clinical comparison of short stretch bandage versus a two-layer compression bandage and early mobilization after split skin grafting to lower leg defects. A total of 38 patients were included. The first group were immobilized for four days and given a short stretch support bandage. G...

  1. Intravenøs administration af lipid ved forgiftning med lipofilt laegemiddel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjønnemand, Martin; Damgaard-Jensen, Jens; Gottschau, Bo

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To draw attention to the use of intravenous lipids in the treatment of cardiac arrests caused by overdosage of lipophilic drugs. Case reports and animal studies have shown beneficial use of lipids in severe intoxication. The literature is reviewed. CONCLUSION: Lipids have a place in th...

  2. Optimal dosis af bendroflumetiazid ved hypertension. En randomiseret dobbeltblind dosis-responsundersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, J E; Køber, L; Torp-Pedersen, C T

    1990-01-01

    The object of this study was to determine the clinically relevant dose of bendrofluazide for the treatment of arterial hypertension. A material of 257 male and female subjects, age 25-70 years, with sitting diastolic blood pressures between 100-120 mmHg after six weeks of placebo treatment...... participated in this randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled parallel group study. The patients were treated with either 0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0 or 10 mg bendrofluazide daily for 12 weeks. Blood pressure was measured with a random zero sphygmomanometer and a Tricuff. Compliance was checked by tablet counts...... of bendrofluazide, 1.25 mg, affected only urate, whereas all of the mentioned biochemical variables were affected by the highest dose of 10 mg. It can be concluded that the optimal dose of bendrofluazide for aterial hypertension is 1.25 mg daily. Increase in the dose beyond this level only results in more...

  3. Humant serum-albumin som proteinkilde ved dyrkning af humane oocytter, spermatozoer og praeembryoer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, C Y; Hay-Schmidt, Anders; Byskov, A G

    1991-01-01

    In the treatment of infertility employing in vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer (IVF-EF), oocytes, spermatozoa and pre-embryos are cultured for 48 hours outside the woman's body before they are introduced into the uterus. In addition to the necessary salts, the media in which this culture...... patient serum as source of protein in the culture of oocytes, spermatozoa and pre-embryos in IVF-ET treatment. The pregnancy rate per transplantation was increased from 30% in the serum group (21 pregnant out of 69 transplantations) to 39% in the albumin group (26 pregnant out of 66 transplantations......SA is recommended as the source of protein, rather than the patient's own serum in the culture of oocytes, spermatozoa and pre-embryos in IVF-ET treatment....

  4. Flere nye behandlingsmuligheder ved hereditært angioødem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Åbom, Anne; Palarasah, Yaseelan; Bygum, Anette

    2012-01-01

    Hereditary angio-oedema (HAE) is a rare genetic disease caused by deficiency of complement C1 inhibitor. It is characterised by recurrent episodes of subcutaneous or submucosal oedema typically involving the extremities, bowel, face or larynx. Within the latest years it has become evident...... that the active mediator of HAE attacks is an increased level of bradykinin and various new treatment modalities have been developed. The aim of this paper is to give an update from the Danish HAE Comprehensive Care Centre on current treatment possibilities and address some of the challenges when diagnosing HAE....

  5. Paroksystisk atrieflimren påvist ved hjælp af en smartphone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pontoppidan, Jacob; Sandgaard, Niels Christian; Brandes, Axel

    2015-01-01

    Smartphone-based ECG monitor devices are a new promising tool for rhythm detection in patients with palpitations. We present a case where a young patient with infrequent arrhythmia episodes was diagnosed with atrial fibrillation using this novel smartphone-based event recorder.......Smartphone-based ECG monitor devices are a new promising tool for rhythm detection in patients with palpitations. We present a case where a young patient with infrequent arrhythmia episodes was diagnosed with atrial fibrillation using this novel smartphone-based event recorder....

  6. Tvistbilæggelse mellem EU-medlemsstaterne ved Den Europæiske Unions Domstol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham

    2018-01-01

    Artikel 259 and 273 TEUF giver EU-Domstolen kompetence til at træffe afgø-relse i tvister mellem EU-medlemsstaterne, forudsat at visse betingelser, der er fastsat i traktaterne er opfyldt. Artikel 259 TEUF vedrører håndhævelse af medlemsstaternes unionsretlige forpligtelser, hvorimod artikel 273 ...

  7. Digital forskningsformidling - Kommunikative potentialer ved at anvende Web 2.0 til videnskonstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Jørgen; Dalsgaard, Christian

    2008-01-01

    kommunikations- og formidlingsmuligheder, der eksisterer i nye digitale medier (Finnemann 2005), ofte kaldet Web 2.0. Det centrale spørgsmål er: Hvordan kan man formidle forskning gennem digitale medier? Artiklen er et indledende studie i et større projekt om potentialerne i digital forskningsformidling i...

  8. Forebyggelse af skeletrelaterede hændelser hos patienter med knoglemetastaser ved solide tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamby, Claus; Tarp, Simon; Mellemgaard, Anders

    2014-01-01

    This article is based on a systematic literature search and meta-analyses of clinical data regarding effects of bisphosphonates (BP) and denosumab (DS) on preventing skeletal related events (SRE) in patients with bone metastases from solid tumours. Although there are pharmacological differences b...

  9. Nye molekylaere markører ved de kroniske myeloproliferative sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Thomas Stauffer; Pallisgaard, Niels; Christensen, Jacob Haaber

    2006-01-01

    The Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders feature autonomous myeloid hyperproliferation and hypersensitivity to a number of growth factors, which most recently have been shown to be explained by a guanine-to-thymidine mutation in the Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK2) gene, implica...

  10. Fra mental retardering til målrettet behandling ved fragilt X-syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia Elise; Timshel, Susanne; Carlsen Lunding, Jytte Merete

    2014-01-01

    From intellectual disability to new treatment modalities of fragile X syndrome: Ugeskr Læger 2014;176:V06130350 In 1943 a large family with X-linked mental retardation was described by Martin & Bell. This family had what we know today as fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form...... of intellectual disability. Current knowledge about the specific gene, the encoded protein and the pathophysiological mechanisms involved has made it possible to develop pharmacological treatment trials. Fragile X syndrome therefore is on its way as model disorder for targeted treatments in genetic medicine...

  11. Risiko for affektion af centralnervesystemet ved brug af mobiltelefon--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schüz, Joachim; Waldemar, Gunhild; Olsen, Jørgen H

    2009-01-01

    for migraine and vertigo and 30-40% less hospital contacts than expected for dementia (Alzheimer's disease, vascular and other dementia), Parkinson's disease and epilepsy among men. No associations were seen for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis or epilepsy in women. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-2...

  12. Både krucifikser og figurer af Jomfru Maria blev smidt ud af kirkerne ved Reformationen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn; McGuire, Brian Patrick

    2016-01-01

    Interview med dronning Margrethe om blandt andet Reformationen kalder på et par supplerende kommentarer, lyder det fra en lektor og en professor i middelalderhistorie......Interview med dronning Margrethe om blandt andet Reformationen kalder på et par supplerende kommentarer, lyder det fra en lektor og en professor i middelalderhistorie...

  13. Hvad ved Herbener om det moderne Europas rødder?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    2016-01-01

    I FORBINDELSE MED den nyligt udgivne samtalebog med og om dronning Margrethe - ' De dybeste rødder' - fremførte religionshistoriker Jens-André P.......I FORBINDELSE MED den nyligt udgivne samtalebog med og om dronning Margrethe - ' De dybeste rødder' - fremførte religionshistoriker Jens-André P....

  14. Strømmålinger ved Sæby Udløbsledning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Torben

    Med henblik på at vurdere tidevandsstrømningens amplitude i det kystnære område ud for Sæby har man i ca. 14 dage fra 25.5.81 til 11.6.81 haft udlagt en Aanderraa RCM 4 strømmåler ca. 1 m under overfladen på ca. 4 m vanddybde. Måleren la ca. 900 m fra land i en linje, som var en forlængelse af...

  15. Følg de nationale retningslinjer ved mistanke om kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serup-Branda, Lone; Laurberg, Jacob M; Bjerregaard, Niels Chr.

    2008-01-01

    Danish National Guidelines (DNG) for diagnostic strategy of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) symptoms are structured to ensure prompt and specific diagnostic testing, thus minimizing treatment delay. DNG state that the function of the general practitioner is to refer patients to a specialist...

  16. Magnetic resonance tomography in skeletal and soft tissue traumas; Magnetisk resonanstomografi ved skjelett- og bloetdelstraumer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stiris, Morten G

    2000-07-01

    MRI has revolutionised the diagnostic yield in musculo-skeletal trauma. Studies have documented that MRI can be an accurate, cost-effective means of assessing injuries in the knee, the foot and the ankle and it may also be cost-effective in other anatomic locations. MRTI may have a significant impact on decision-making in relation to these patients and on the follow-up. The patient does not need to be moved for evaluation in all the anatomical planes. Each study can also be post-processes if necessary. MRI may be used in patients with fractures for evaluation of complications. The fracture lines as well as accompanying soft tissue damage are well documented.

  17. Vesikoamniotisk shunt-terapi ved føtal obstruktiv uropati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, T H; Thorup, Jørgen Mogens; Larsen, T

    1996-01-01

    Due to the widespread use of obstetric ultrasound an increasing number of congenital malformations are diagnosed prenatally. Some of these can be treated in utero. A 17 week-old fetus with a posterior urethral valve was diagnosed due to a dilated bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis and oligohydramn......Due to the widespread use of obstetric ultrasound an increasing number of congenital malformations are diagnosed prenatally. Some of these can be treated in utero. A 17 week-old fetus with a posterior urethral valve was diagnosed due to a dilated bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis...

  18. Hyperterm interperitoneal kemoterapi ved den primære operation for gastrointestinal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Degett, Thea Helene; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Gögenur, Ismail

    2017-01-01

    Up to 20% of the patients who undergo radical surgery for colorectal cancer experience recurrence. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) and cytoreductive surgery have shown to be effective treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis. HIPEC administered at the primary operation in high-ris......-risk patients may also be effective in preventing peritoneal carcinomatosis and improve survival in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer.......Up to 20% of the patients who undergo radical surgery for colorectal cancer experience recurrence. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) and cytoreductive surgery have shown to be effective treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis. HIPEC administered at the primary operation in high...

  19. Conditions for radiation protection in industrial radiography; Vilkaar om straalevern ved industriell radiografi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    The leaflet specifies radiation protection requirements for industrial radiography in Norway. The regulations are directed towards companies using or distributing sealed radioactive sources, x-ray equipment or accelerators in non-destructive material testing (NDT). Technical requirements to the equipment, as well as administrative requirements for use, licensing, qualifications, handling of accidents etc. are given. (Author)

  20. Gelatinøs transformation af knoglemarven ved overdreven træning og reguleret kost

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Steven A W; Salomo, Louise; Ralfkiær, Elisabeth

    2014-01-01

    Gelatinous transformation (GT) of the bone marrow is rare and associated with a variety of clinical diseases from malignancy to chronic infection in combination with malnutrition or wasting. A new clinical picture of GT has emerged with excessive physical activity in combination with a voluntary ...... insufficient calorie intake in the young adult male. Overtraining syndrome and systemic inflammation may play a role in the pathogenesis of GT in these patients, but further studies on GT and the effect of training and overtraining on the bone marrow are needed....

  1. Redaktionelle krav til skriftlige opgaver ved sygeplejerskeuddannelsen og sundhedsuddannelser [3. udgave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Thomas; Romerdahl, Grith; Cajus, Githa

    Ansvarlig: Githa Cajus Udarbejdet af repræsentanter fra Efter- og videreuddannelsen, professionsbacheloruddannelserne og Biblioteket Redaktionelle krav anvendes i forbindelse med udarbejdelse af skriftlige opgaver. Formålet er at gøre opgaven overskuelig og læsevenlig og sikre, at opgaven lever op...

  2. Tvistbilæggelse mellem EU-medlemsstaterne ved Den Europæiske Unions Domstol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham

    2018-01-01

    Artikel 259 and 273 TEUF give EU-Domstolen kompetence til at træffe afgørelse i tvister mellem EU-medlemsstaterne, forudsat at visse betingelser, der er fastsat i traktaterne er opfyldt. Artikel 259 TEUF vedrører håndhævelse af medlemsstaternes unionsretlige forpligtelser, hvorimod artikel 273 TE...

  3. Intratekal baclofenbehandling ved svaer spastisk tetraplegi og dystoni hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, Niels Ove; Hansen, Flemming Juul; Fischer, Claudia

    2003-01-01

    with baclofen, tizanidine, dantrolene and/or diazepam. Intrathecal baclofen has therefore been applied in a group of young patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight children and young adults from East Denmark with spasticity and 12 with dystonia aged 3-18 years (median 10.9 years) were tested, operated and treated...

  4. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis are ...... are generally more prone to develop periprosthetic infections it can be considered in these cases to give prophylactic antibiotics before more extensive dental treatments....

  5. Muligheder og barrierer for adjunkters læring i forbindelse med vejledningspraksis ved DPU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Irene

    2006-01-01

    Et adjunktpædagogikum skaber tid og rum for, at universitetsundervisere kan bruge hinanden som ressource, mens der i den almindelige hverdag kun sjældent er fora for direkte pædagogisk erfaringsudveksling kollegaer imellem. Artiklen belyser muligheder og barrierer for, at adjunkter fra DPU får sk...

  6. Koronararteriecalciumscore ved hjertecomputertomografi øger den prognostiske information hos udvalgte personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Thomas; Zacho, Mette; Kourmaeva, Daria

    2011-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the western countries. Conventional risk evaluation of asymptomatic individuals is unfortunately inaccurate. There is a need for better diagnostic tools to identify persons, who will benefit from intensified preventive treatment. Coronary...... artery calcium score (CACS) measured by multi-slice CT scan contributes significantly to risk stratification especially in persons with intermediate risk assessed by conventional risk analysis. A CACS-guided preventive intervention strategy seems appealing to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular...

  7. Statiner ved akut koronart syndrom--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, Jesper James; Jensen, Gorm Boje

    2012-01-01

    infarction and stroke, but at four-month follow-up the incidence of unstable angina pectoris was significantly reduced. Despite the lack of evidence for an additional effect of early statin administrations on hard clinical end points, we find good reasons to maintain statins in the early treatment of ACS....

  8. Varmeovergang og trykfald ved fordampning af kuldioxid (Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop for Boiling Carbon Dioxide)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Hans Jørgen Høgaard

    1999-01-01

    Heat transfer and pressure drop for carbon dioxide, pure and mixed with oil, has the been measured for flow in pipe. The measured heat transfer coefficient for pure carbon dioxide is much higher than the value calculated with the Shah correlation. With oil even higher heat transfer coefficient ha...

  9. Bivirkninger som årsag til seponering af donepezil ved Alzheimers demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carøe, Tanja Korfitsen; Moe, Claus

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The objective was to investigate the frequency of adverse events (AE) as a cause for discontinuation of donepezil treatment for Alzheimer's dementia (DAT) in a geriatric memory unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five-year retrospective study of 123 donepezil-treated patients diagnosed...... with DAT or mixed dementia in a geriatric memory unit. The material covers all patients treated with donepezil and surveyed for 12 months in the memory unit during the period from 14th March 2001 to 7th April 2006. RESULTS: Among the 123 patients, 106 (86%) suffered from DAT and 17 (14%) suffered from...

  10. Diaspora. Somalia er ved at vågne op - overalt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib; Farah, Abdulkadir Osman; Farah Aden, Mahad

    2013-01-01

    Sikkerhedsrådet våbenembargoen mod Somalia. Danmark er blandt de førende lande i genopbygning af Somalia, især i forhold til humanitær bistand og bekæmpelsen af pirateri på Afrikas Horn. Der er ca. 2 millioner somaliere i andre lande, og den største bistand modtager Somalia fra sin diaspora, som overfører ca. 2...

  11. Det kliniske forløb ved valproatforgiftning hos en treårig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blicher, Thalia Marie; Vestergaard, Esben Thyssen; Dalhoff, Kim Peder

    2012-01-01

    after accidental intake of 6,000 mg VA. Treatment included activated charcoal. Clinical observation included measurements of blood pressure, cardiac telemetry, and measurements of serum VA and metabolic parameters every 4-6 hrs. The girl was discharged successfully after 72 hrs with her usual dose of VA....

  12. Behandlingsprincipper ved rekonstruktioner, forlængelser og opretninger i underekstremiteterne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Ulrik Kähler; Nygaard, Tobias; Kold, Søren V.

    2017-01-01

    degenerative joint disease. Modern motorized intramedullary nails spare the patients for external fixators, and thus complications are being reduced. X-ray, CT-based planning and a thorough clinical examination is essential for a good result. Complications are frequent, and treatment can be lengthy. Modern...

  13. SOX11 som molekylær markør ved mantle celle lymfom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Marcus Celik

    2010-01-01

    marker in evaluating minimal residual disease (MRD) by means of real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) at the Laboratory of Immunohaematology, Dept. of Haematology, Aarhus University Hospital. The assay clearly showed upregulation of SOX11 in MCL patients and no detectable expression in donorsamples....... The quantitatively enhanced expression of cyclin D1 makes it a useful marker in MCL diagnosis. It is, however, problematic in cyclic D1-negative variants, of otherwise clinical similarity. In search of a novel molecular cancer marker, recent studies have shown that transcription factor SOX11, normally not expressed...... in B cells, is specifi cally upregulated in MCL — both in cyclin D1–positive and –negative variants. SOX11 is therefore a promising candidate as a diagnostic tool. The aim of this project is to evaluate the consistency of SOX11 overexpression in MCL aff ected cells, and its possible role as a molecular...

  14. Kan nye VHS udbrud i regnbueørred forebygges ved vaccination eller avl?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Niels

    Tørlægning og desinfektion har traditionelt været brugt til at bekæmpe virussygdommen Egtvedsyge (VHS) i danske ørred-dambrug og lige nu regnes VHS for udryddet. Det har dog vist sig, at der hos vilde fiskebestande i havet findes VHS virus, som under visse omstændigheder må forventes at kunne...... inficere regnbueørreder opdrættet i havbrug. Men en DNA vaccine udviklet på Veterinærinstituttet i Århus vil kunne beskytte fiskene mod sygdomsudbrud. Traditionelle vacciner baserer sig på dræbt eller svækket virus, men denne såkaldte DNA-vaccine består af et plasmid (cirkulær DNA-struktur) med et gen, der...... koder for virusets overfladeprotein. Når plasmidet sprøjtes ind i en fisks rygmuskel, vil det blive optaget af en del af muskelcellerne på injektionsstedet, dog uden at plasmidets gener kommer ind i cellernes egne kromosomer. Fidusen er, at disse muskelceller herefter kan lave virusproteinet på samme...

  15. Tenkning i sykepleie om eksklusjon av foreldre ved barns innleggelse i sykehus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hildegunn Sundal

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Analyses of textbooks in nursing, of photographs and numerous other documents suggest that parents had limited access to participate in the care for their hospitalized children in Norway in the period 1877-1940. The analyses are conducted in the tradition of the French philosopher Michel Foucault’s writings on discipline. In accordance with Foucault’s understanding, it seems logical that ideas about parenting exclusion had impact even within the hospital health care system in the current era, provided the general separation of parents and children in the modern industrial society at large. In this perspective, exclusion of parents in the hospital health care system may be considered a consequence of employers’ interests with regard to productivity, the lack of welfare services for parents, and the fear of parents transmitting infections from the hospitals.

  16. God effekt af mindfulness ved symptomer på stress, angst og depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjorback, Lone; Rasmussen, Benita Holt; Preuss, Tua

    2013-01-01

    Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a manualised group intervention using mindfulness training as a means of reducing the suffering associated with physical, psychosomatic and psychiatric illness. A review of the literature includes 31 randomised studies. Results indicate that MBSR may i...... improve mental health and reduce symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression in both clinical and non-clinical populations. Implementation in the health-care system is recommended to take place over time to secure sufficient education of MBSR teachers in Denmark....

  17. Rationel antibiotikabehandling kan opnås ved audit og undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Lars; Gahrn-Hansen, Bente; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2011-01-01

    doctors and patients in primary care led to a considerable decrease in antibiotic prescribing. Teaching of hospital doctors, combined with a restriction in the choice of antibiotics, resulted in a decrease in multidrug-resistant strains. A concerted effort is needed to curb the growing resistance problem.......A prerequisite for rational antibiotic treatment is the suspicion that the disease is caused by bacteria and that treatment will reduce symptoms and complications. In primary health care most infections are caused by bacteria. The European project HAPPY AUDIT found that an intervention targeting...

  18. Diagnose og behandling af osteoporose ved ikke-metastaserende cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Hansen, Mogens; Kristensen, Bent

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  19. Endoskopisk ultralydvejledt plexus coeliacus-neurolyse til smertebehandling ved cancer pancreatis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vilmann, Andreas Slot; Karstensen, John Gésdal; Cherciu, Irina

    2014-01-01

    Pain is among the most common symptoms in patients with pancreatic cancer and up to 80% require analgesics, most often as opioids. Unfortunately the analgesic effect is frequently insufficient, and increasing doses are required, resulting in unpleasant side effects. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided n...

  20. Dilemmaer ved at gennemføre forskning i egen organisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragelund, Linda

    2007-01-01

    This article reflects the researcher's dilemmas when doing research within ones own organization. The findings are based on the author's experience of being both researcher and an education coordinator at a Danish psychiatric hospital. Empirical examples from a research project on student nurses......' learning processes during their clinical placement in psychiatry are analyzed in relation to the researcher positions: outsider - hybrid - insider. One condition doing research within one's own organization is that the researcher is constantly willing to negotiate her researcher position(s). She has many...... roles; her function could be compared to that of graphic equalizer in a radio. Depending on the context the researcher finds herself in, her role changes from on moment to the next, similar the scales of the equalizer....

  1. Betydningen af kroppens stilling for det diuretiske respons ved behandling af dekompenseret cirrose og morbus cordis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilken-Jensen, C; Ring-Larsen, H; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1989-01-01

    The diuretic effect of the supine position was evaluated in six patients with cirrhosis and ascites and six with congestive cardiac failure. All patients received 1 mg bumethanide intravenously and were randomly assigned to either bed rest in the supine position or normal daily activity in the up...

  2. Tværsektorielt samarbejde ved behandling af patienter med type 2-diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Lene; Røder, Michael E; Hansen, Ida H

    2018-01-01

    Hovedbudskaber • Sundhedsstyrelsen lægger vægt på tværsektorielt samarbejde omkring patienten med type 2-diabetes, men denne tankegang er dog ikke implementeret i det danske sundhedsvæsen • På organisatorisk niveau kan en stratificerings- og forløbsmodel give anvisninger til opgave- og...... udnyttelse af sundhedsvæsenets ressourcer samtidig med, at behandling af høj kvalitet fastholdes og udvikles for patienter med type 2-diabetes...

  3. Storkarsvaskulitis påvist ved PET/CT hos patient med initialt formodet cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Francis; Skøt, Jens; Bülow, Jens

    2012-01-01

    Large vessel vasculitis, including giant cell arteritis and Takayasu arteritis, is traditionally diagnosed and classified according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, which do not include findings on imaging modalities. We present a case in which non-invasive imaging with 18F......-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography gave essential information in the diagnostic work-up of large vessel vasculitis in a female presenting with non-specific symptoms. We discuss the role of nuclear medicine imaging in early diagnosis and follow-up of this inflammatory disease, characterized...

  4. Lægers tavshedspligt ved behandling af unge kan være et dilemma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adolphsen, Caroline; Boisen, Kirsten; Svensson, Jannet

    2016-01-01

    Confidentiality is paramount in healthcare, yet according to Danish guidelines, health professionals have to inform parents about their child´s situation until the age of 18 years. This is in contrast to Danish legislation regarding informed consent, where adolescents aged 15 years can consent to...

  5. ABC kommer før genopvarmning ved svær hypotermi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Jens; Kjærgaard, Benedict

    2014-01-01

    The treatment of accidental hypothermia is still controversial and is missing detailed evidence-based guidelines. Current knowledge suggests that advanced trauma life support principles must be prioritized ahead of rewarming. In case of cardiac arrest, initiation of extracorporeal circulation...... before rewarming and prolongation of hypothermia at 33 °C to reduce reperfusion injury and cerebral hyperthermia is recommended but is not as yet implemented as standard treatment. We propose a simplified clinical approach to on-site triage of hypothermia: 1. Awake below 35 °C (Glasgow Coma Scale > 8). 2...

  6. Akut koronarangiografi er indiceret ved ST-elevation efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Møller, Jacob Eifer

    2013-01-01

    Guidelines suggest that acute coronary angiography (CAG) is considered in patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with presumed cardiac aetiology. Since specialized post-resuscitation care, including therapeutic hypothermia, has proved beneficial in randomized studies, CAG should...

  7. Fra mental retardering til målrettet behandling ved fragilt X-syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia Elise; Timshel, Susanne; Lunding, Jytte

    2014-01-01

    In 1943 a large family with X-linked mental retardation was described by Martin & Bell. This family had what we know today as fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form of intellectual disability. Current knowledge about the specific gene, the encoded protein and the pathophysiological...... mechanisms involved has made it possible to develop pharmacological treatment trials. Fragile X syndrome therefore is on its way as model disorder for targeted treatments in genetic medicine, and this article reviews clinical and therapeutic aspects of the syndrome....

  8. Spirapril og nitrendipin ved arteriel hypertension. Sammenligning af behandlingseffekt og tolerabilitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, J E; Galløe, A; Leikersfeldt, G

    1990-01-01

    In a double-blind, randomized parallel-group investigation, a new angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitor, spirapril, was compared with a calcium antagonist, nitrendipine, in 266 patients with mild to moderate hypertension (diastolic blood pressure 96-119 mmHg). The object was to reduce...

  9. Omkostningseffektiv ændring af behandling ved delhudstransplantat på crus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennegaard Kalialis, Louise; von Sperling, Marie Louise; Hoyer, A.P.

    2012-01-01

    We present a clinical comparison of short stretch bandage versus a two-layer compression bandage and early mobilization after split skin grafting to lower leg defects. A total of 38 patients were included. The first group were immobilized for four days and given a short stretch support bandage....... Group 2 were mobilized one day after the operation with a two-layer compression bandage (Pro-Guide). There was no difference in healing or frequency of complications. The patients treated with Pro-Guide had significantly fewer admission days and out-patient consultations. Larger randomized trials...

  10. Lokalisation af tumorbaerende tarmsegment ved laparoskopisk colonkirurgi. Peroperativ koloskopi eller praeoperativ tatovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghahremanlou, Reza; Bulut, Orhan; Jess, Per

    2005-01-01

    Tumor localization may be critical in laparoscopic surgery because manual palpation may not be possible. This study focused on the need for intraoperative colonoscopy to identify the tumor site. We also present our preliminary experiences with preoperative tattoo of the resection site.......Tumor localization may be critical in laparoscopic surgery because manual palpation may not be possible. This study focused on the need for intraoperative colonoscopy to identify the tumor site. We also present our preliminary experiences with preoperative tattoo of the resection site....

  11. Svær hyponatriæmi ved Terlipressin behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Anja; Krag, Aleksander

    2013-01-01

    to terlipressin treatment. A 60-year-old woman with bleeding oesophageal varices was treated with terlipressin 2 mg every fourth hour. After 24 hours of treatment she was somnolent, and the sodium concentration had dropped from 127 mmol/l to 107 mmol/l. Hyponatraemia is an important adverse event in terlipressin...

  12. Portaltrykket skal måles ved mistanke om portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Bendtsen, Flemming

    2010-01-01

    Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival and deve......Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival...... and development in connection with ascites, HCC and variceal bleeding. Measurement of HVPG is a simple and safe method and it can, moreover, be used to guide pharmacotherapy for primary and secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding. Assessment of HVPG should be available in larger centres that manage portal...

  13. Kandidat- og master-uddannelser indenfor ernæring ved Københavns Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens Rikardt; Kondrup, Jens; Lassen, Jesper

    2008-01-01

    masteruddannelser. Ligesom for andre bachelorgrader gælder det dog, at specifikke optagelseskrav skal være opfyldt, for at man kan komme ind på et kandidatstudium. Man kan således ikke uden videre få adgang til et naturvidenskabeligt kandidatstudium med en humanistisk bachelorgrad eller omvendt....

  14. Generel anæstesi anvendes for hyppigt ved akut sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydshou, Andreas; Mitchell, Anja U; Møller, Ann

    2012-01-01

    As general anaesthesia (GA) for caesarean section (CS) compared to regional anaesthesia (RA) can increase maternal risks, it has been suggested that 85% of all acute CS should be performed in RA. We observed whether anaesthesiologists at a Danish university hospital over a 4,5 year-period fulfilled...

  15. Neuromuskulær elektrostimulation forbedrer funktionsniveauet ved meget svær kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Gibouri, Salam; Ringbæk, Thomas; Lange, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Muscle atrophy and exertional dyspnoea are common in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a new type of training for these patients. A number of randomized trials show that NMES has a positive physiological and clinical ...

  16. Omkostningseffektiv ændring af behandling ved delhudstransplantat på crus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennegaard Kalialis, Louise; von Sperling, Marie Louise; Høyer, Anette Pernille

    2012-01-01

    We present a clinical comparison of short stretch bandage versus a two-layer compression bandage and early mobilization after split skin grafting to lower leg defects. A total of 38 patients were included. The first group were immobilized for four days and given a short stretch support bandage...

  17. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis...

  18. Biomarkører ved diagnostik af Alzheimers sygdom i tidlig fase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Kristian S; Hasselbalch, Steen; Law, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Alzheimer's disease is responsible for 40-50% of dementia cases. Future treatment may include disease-modifying compounds unlikely to be efficient if administered late in the course, thus necessitating early diagnosis. Furthermore, revised diagnostic research criteria that include biomarkers...

  19. Hvem ved hvad den agile bølge vil skylle op?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Magnus Rotvit Perlt

    2017-01-01

    Agil projektledelse er det helt store buzzword indenfor dansk projektledelse, som vi i den grad så demonstreret til symposiet i maj. Selv med de mange positive historier med at strukturere organisationen efter agil projektledelse kan vi dog endnu ikke tillade os at stå på SAFe ground. Der er endnu...

  20. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis...... are generally more prone to develop periprosthetic infections it can be considered in these cases to give prophylactic antibiotics before more extensive dental treatments....