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Sample records for antwerp province quality

  1. KWARTA (Quality Assurance in the Radiotherapy centres of the Antwerp province): Quality control of the contract therapy machine and treatment planning system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Ost, B.; Schaeken, B.; Vanregemorter, J. [Algemeen Ziekenhuis Middelheim, Antwerp (Belgium); Bellekens, L. [Sint-Vincentius Ziekenhuis, Antwerp (Belgium); Cardoen, R.; Pieters, D. [Medisch Instituut Sint Augustinus, Wilrijk (Belgium); Goossens, H. [Sint-Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Turnhout (Belgium); Haest, K.; Mertens, N. [Sint Norbertus Ziekenhuis, Duffel (Belgium)

    1995-12-01

    During the first year of the provincial QA project, joint procedures were set up for the routine quality control of linear accelerators, Cobalt treatment machines and simulators. A set of standard forms was produced for use in all centres, respecting the differences in each individual machine. Since forms are now in use in all centres, the second year of the project mainly focused on the QA/QC of the contract therapy machine and treatment planning system. QC measurements for the contract therapy machines were performed in air or in a phantom. Since the output was checked with the same ionisation chamber (0.33 cc flat chamber calibrated for 50 kV) and the same type of electrometer in all centres, the results could be compared mutually and with the reference values. The major parameter groups, tested for the treatment planning system were: isodose distribution (visual control of all square fields in the database of the system), PDD data (analysing of 10 x 10 cm{sup 2}, 20 x 20 cm{sup 2}, 30 x 30 cm{sup 2} and 40 x 40 cm{sup 2} open or wedged fields), output factors, wedge and tray factors, inverse square law, geometrical testing of the digitizer - screen - printer and geometrical and densitometrical testing of the CT images - screen - printer. Between 496 and 1243 parameters were investigated in the different centres (depending on the presence of the electron data). Irregularities (0 % to 4 % of the total investigated parameters) were reported to the respective physicist.

  2. How much spatial detail in meteorological parameters is needed to model air-quality in a city? A case study for the city of Antwerp, Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wouters, Hendrik; De Ridder, Koen; Demuzere, Matthias; van Lipzig, Nicole; Brisson, Erwan; Lauwaet, Dirk; Viaene, Peter; Deutsch, Felix; Veldeman, Nele

    2013-04-01

    There exists a large discrepancy between the rural and urban land cover in terms of soil water, aerodynamical, thermal and radiative characteristics, and anthropogenic heat. This results in urban-scale meteorological features such as the urban heat island, reduced wind speed and the city breeze. Some of these effects have a considerable impact on human health in cities when the nocturnal cooling is reduced during heat waves or when air quality is affected during smog episodes. The question rises what impact does urban climate have on air quality in cities. The Regional climate model COSMO-CLM updated with the urban parameterization (TERRA_MLU) and the air-quality AURORA (VITO NV, Belgium) are used to quantify and understand the interactions between (urban) climate and air quality on different scales. COSMO-CLM is currently cascade-nested inside ECMWF 12.5km analysis up to a horizontal resolution of 1km over Antwerp (Belgium). The urban parameterization TERRA_MLU is implemented in COSMO-CLM using a tile approach in which the urban surface can coexist with the natural area in one grid-cell. The inclusion of anthropogenic heat is based on country-specific data of energy consumption downscaled with population density and urbanization. Meteorological model data from COSMO-CLM is used as forcing for the air-quality model AURORA. Results, in particular the urban heat island effect, are evaluated with urban/rural meteorological measurements in Antwerp, Ghent and Brussels starting from 2012. It is investigated whether air-quality modeling can be improved when forcing AURORA with (urban) microscale meteorological data from COSMO-CLM rather than with coarser meteorological data from ECMWF. Therefore each nesting step of COSMO is subsequently used as input for the air-quality model. In order to set priorities for the improvement of air-quality modelling in the future, the relative importance of orography, urban climate and the impact of uncertainty in pollutent emissions to

  3. Statoil-Himont outlines Antwerp operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Norway's Den morske Stats Oljeselskap AS, the North Sea's largest oil producer, and Himont Inc., the world's largest producer of polypropylene, believe their joint venture complex near Antwerp has changed the traditional structure of the petrochemical industry. At a briefing and press conference, executives from the two companies and their new joint venture, North Sea Petrochemicals, covered their venture and its first 2 months of operation and presented their outlook for the polypropylene market. Statoil stressed its intent to expand petrochemical operations in Europe. The company supplies the complex with all the propane feed and refinery grade propylene its uses. The propane comes from Statoil's offshore production, the imported refinery grade propylene from Statoil's Mongstad, Norway, refinery. This paper describes the propylene production process used in Antwerp

  4. Coping with crisis. Career strategies of Antwerp painters after 1585

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    David van der Linden

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how painters responded to the crisis on the Antwerp art market in the 1580s. Although scholarship has stressed the profound crisis and subsequent emigration wave, prosopographical analysis shows that only a minority of painters left the city. Demand for Counter-Reformation artworks allowed many to pursue their career in Antwerp, while others managed to survive the crisis by relying on cheap apprentices and the export of mass-produced paintings. Emigrant painters, on the other hand, minimised the risk of migration by settling in destinations that already had close artistic ties to Antwerp, such as Middelburg. Prosopographical analysis thus allows for a more nuanced understanding of artistic careers in the Low Countries.

  5. Bonefish-otoliths from the Anversian (Middle Miocene) of Antwerp

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaemers, P.A.M.

    1971-01-01

    31 species are listed from the Anversian in the neighbourhood of Antwerp (Belgium). Nine were previously known and one recorded species could not be found again. The relative abundances of the species are discussed, especially with reference to Trisopterus friedbergi and small species. The faunas fr

  6. Rice quality in relation to market prices in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENLijuan; FANXingming

    1996-01-01

    Factors affecting rice quality and their impacts on market price were investigated in this study. On-farm survey and market survey was undertaken in three selected sites namely Kunruing, Dali, and Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province, China. Market sampling was conducted to determine important rice quality characteristics.

  7. Transport of NORM in the Port of Antwerp: From Megaports to a Special Purpose Measurement Methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When nuclear inspections are conducted in the port of Antwerp, many alarms are triggered by NORM. This paper presents an overview and preliminary results of a study taking place in the port of Antwerp and at NORM handling companies. The study aims to get an overview of NORM transport in the port of Antwerp, including quantity, destination, dose rates and activity concentrations. Furthermore, a methodology is being developed to obtain an in situ estimation of the activity concentration of material in containment systems typically used in industry (shipping containers and bulk bags). The preliminary results of the assessment of this methodology are discussed. (author)

  8. QUALITY AND QUANTITY SURVEY OF HOSPITAL WASTEWATERS IN HORMOZGAN PROVINCE

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    Sh. Sarafraz, M. R. Khani, K. Yaghmaeian

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Hospital wastewaters are one of the most contaminating wastewaters and need to be paid more attention due to containing infectious agents. In this study, which had been conducted in a period of one year, 7 public hospitals were selected out of 12 public hospitals in Hormozgan Province of Iran. For studying quality of wastewater in hospitals, both influent and effluent wastewaters of treatment plant, if any, were sampled once in each season and totally 30 mixed samples were obtained. In order to determine the quality of hospital wastewaters in all samples, parameters such as pH, BOD5, COD, TSS and temperature were measured. Results of investigation on annual water consumption indicated that average water consumption in hospitals of the province was 194m3/d., considering water-to-wastewater conversion ratio of 0.8 and green yard ratio of 0.3. Wastewater production rate had been estimated to be 47m3/d and 0.362 m3/d.bed. Results indicated that in 7 hospitals of Hormozgan province, mean values of BOD5 ,COD ,TSS in raw wastewater were 242.25 mg/L, 628.1 mg/L and 231.25 mg/L, respectively, pH=7.42 and temperature=30.17 ºC. In Khalij-e-Fars hospital which had wastewater treatment plant, values of these parameters in effluent were 12.53 mg/L and 51.7 mg/L, 19.68 mg/L, respectively, with pH=7.39 and temperature=26.1 ºC. Comparison between values of influent and effluent wastewaters indicated that in understudy cases, contamination rate was higher than determined limits, as compared to environmental standards of the country and it was necessary to establish appropriate treatment plants in these units.

  9. Microbiological Quality of Cream-Cakes Sold in Tekirdag Province

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    A. M. Konyalı

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the microbiological qualities of totally 120 cream cakes including chocolate and fruit type, purchased from 30 randomly selected pastry shops in Tekirdağ province. Based on the Turkish Food Codex Microbiological Criterias Communique; 59, 50, 16 and 53 out of 60 chocolate cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (98.3% of the total >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (83.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (26.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (88.3% of the total >103 cfu/g. On the other hand, 60, 56, 19 and 55 out of 60 fruit cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (100 % >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (93.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (31.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (91.6% of the total >103 cfu/g. Salmonella were not detected in any of the chocolate and fruit cake samples. Obtained results showed that the microbiological qualities of cakes were poor due to poor hygiene and poor food handling practices in pastry shops.

  10. Syphilis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and cytomegalovirus infection in homosexual men in Antwerp.

    OpenAIRE

    Coester, C H; Avonts, D; Colaert, J; Desmyter, J; Piot, P.

    1984-01-01

    In a homosexual communication centre in Antwerp 196 homosexual men were screened for seromarkers of syphilis, hepatitis A (HAV), hepatitis B (HBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV). A comparison group consisted of 118 heterosexual men attending a venereal disease clinic in Antwerp. Treponemal antibodies were found in 7.1% of homosexual men, of whom half gave no history of past or present infection. Anti HAV was present in 43.3%, HBV seromarkers in 34.4%, and CMV antibodies in 71.2% of homosexual men....

  11. Low-Educated Second Language and Literacy Acquisition : Proceedings of the 4th Symposium Antwerp 2008

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Craats, Ineke van de; Kurvers, Jeanne

    2009-01-01

    The language and literacy development by adult learners with little or no schooling in their native country continues to be a relatively new and almost unexplored domain. The fourth LESLLA symposium in Antwerp brought together researchers, policy-makers, and practitioners from various countries with

  12. Music Performed in the Triumphal Entry of the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand into Antwerp

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grijp, L.P.; Knaap, A.C.; Putnam, M.

    2013-01-01

    In this essay we have looked at performative aspects of the triumphal entry of Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand into Antwerp (1635), especially music. We were confronted with the paradoxical situation that in the engravings of Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi practically no music is seen or mentioned, but accor

  13. Evaluation on Ideal Test Sites and Regional Characteristics of Cotton Fiber Quality in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian LI; Naiyin XU

    2015-01-01

    Objective] The aim of this study was to explore the dominant fiber quality traits of test sites in cotton regional trials , by analyzing the regional characteristics of cotton fiber quality in Jiangsu province, in order to provide the theory background for cotton fiber quality improvement. [Method] The dominant fiber quality traits of test locations were analyzed with eight main fiber quality indexes of hybrid cotton regional trials during 2009-2013 in Jiangsu province by use of the "ideal test site"view of GGE biplot. [Result] The test locations with the best integrative fiber quality were proved to be Yanliang, and fol owed by Dongxin and Guanyun; The better test locations in terms of the major fiber quality indexes, including fiber strength, fiber Length and micronaire value, were Guanyun, Xinyang and Yanliang; To sum up, the best test location with balanced fiber quality was Yanliang. The test locations with specialties in fiber quality index were listed as bel ow: Dafeng, Xinghua and Dongtai performance better in fiber length; Qidong, Liuhe and Yanhai locations were of bet-ter fiber length uniformity; Sheyang and Dongxin were better in micronaire value;while Sheyang along was better in fiber elongation and reflectance. Moreover, the correlation between fiber yel owness and other traits was significant (P<0.01). [Con-clusion] The regional characteristic of cotton fiber quality index in Jiangsu province was obvious and fiber yel owness was worthy an indicator trait to assist the compre-hensive improvement of cotton fiber quality.

  14. Iodine content in salt sold in sea coastal province, Thailand:quality reflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sora Yasri; Viroj Wiwanitkit

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To call for attention that the problem of iodine deficiency and low salt quality can still be seen in sea coastal province.Methods:province of Thailand were collected. All samples were passed to the laboratory for the analysis of iodine content. The basic screening tool was I-KIT test (Mahidol University, Thailand), which was the standard test used in previous survey.Results:A total of 225 salt samples from each available marine salt shop in the sea coastal iodine content (100 mg/L). It gave the iodine content failure rate equal to 0%. Of overall 225 samples, there was no sample that could pass the acceptable criteria of Conclusions: Intensive research of the iodine content in salt sold and available in a sea coastal province of Thailand shows that the salt sold in salt shop in this sea coastal province is not locally available from marine salt field but from the dirt salt field from remote provinces because of the higher cost of marine salt. As a result, the control of salt quality in any areas is still needed. The use of iodine fortification should be applied to any areas, sea coastal or non sea coastal.

  15. QUALITY OF RECREATIONAL SPORTS AND NEEDS OF WEST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE SPORT FACILITY

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrdad Moharramzadeh; Reza Talaie

    2011-01-01

    Study to assess the quality of recreational and sporting needs of places in Western Azerbaijanprovince pays the study based on time; present oriented; and practical purpose of collecting databased on how descriptive and field studies of reading and Theoretical Evaluation quality ofrecreational and sporting needs of places in Western Azerbaijan province was conducted.Research data showed. Overall safety of the spectators standing; overall health status related tosafety; overall safety and over...

  16. Physicochemical Quality of Drinking Water of Kermanshah Province

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    Mahfooz Moradi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Physicochemical quality of drinking water has a direct impact on consumer health and fluoride, nitrite, nitrate, total dissolved solids compounds and pH are their important parameters that have closely relationship with community health. In many cases, source nitrate of water is due to agriculture activities, landfill sites and also potassium nitrate that used in the manufacture of glass, nitrite in form of sodium nitrite used as a food preservative too.

  17. Assessment and mapping of environmental quality in agricultural soils of Zhejiang Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Jie-liang; SHI Zhou; ZHU You-wei

    2007-01-01

    Heavy metal concentrations in agricultural soils of Zhejiang Province were monitored to indicate the status of heavy metal contamination and assess environmental quality of agricultural soils. A total of 908 soil samples were collected from 38 counties in Zhejiang Province and eight heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Pb, Hg, Cu, Zn, Ni and As) concentrations had been evaluated in agricultural soil. It was found 775 samples were unpolluted and 133 samples were slightly polluted and more respectively, that is about 14.65% agricultural soil samples had the heavy metal concentration above the threshold level in this province by means of Nemerow's synthetical pollution index method according to the second grade of Standards for Soil Environmental Quality of China (GB15618-1995). Contamination of Cd was the highest, followed by Pb, As and Hg were lower correspondingly. Moreover, Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) interpolation method was used to make an assessment map of soil environmental quality based on the Nemerow's pollution index and the soil environmental quality was categorized into five grades. Moreover, ten indices were calculated as input parameters for Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and the principal components (PCs) were created to compare environmental quality of different soils and regions. The results revealed that environmental quality of tea soils was better than that of paddy soils, vegetable soils and fruit soils. This study indicated that GIS combined with multivariate statistical approaches proved to be effective and powerful tool in the mapping of soil contaminations distribution and the assessment of soil environmental quality on provincial scale, which is benefited to environmental protection and management decision-making by local government.

  18. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    OpenAIRE

    W.Wilopo; R.Resili; D.P.E. Putra

    2013-01-01

    There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our dat...

  19. WATER QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF BARFABAD RIVER IN KERMANSHAH PROVINCE

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    K. Imandel

    2000-12-01

    For assessing the water quality of the river, 8 stations were chosen and 72 samples were taken during 9 months from April 1997 to January 1998 and were analysed according to the standard methods. Sewage of Islamabad and Kerend cities, with population of 77412 and 10760, respectively, and wastewater of the Islamabad sugar factory, and slaughterhouse of Islamabad and Keredn, discharge into the river without any treatment. Due to discharge of Islamabad sugar factory wastewater into the river, in November, BOD and COD load in the 4th station was 122 and 376 mg/l respectively, in comparison with the first 15 mg/l, showing increases of 15/2 and 25 times, respectively. The least concentration of DO was 5 mg/l in November in the 5th station during 9 months, in comparison with the first station which was 7.5 mg/l, CDO decreased 15 times. The highest amount of turbidity was 150 N.T.U. in the 4th station in October, which in comparison with the first station with 15 N.T.U. the turbidity showed an increase of 10 times. In addition, the presence of biological indicators such as sludge worm and leach in the 5th and 7th stations in October and November indicated high level of pollution during those months.

  20. Opportunistic mobile air pollution monitoring: A case study with city wardens in Antwerp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van den Bossche, Joris; Theunis, Jan; Elen, Bart; Peters, Jan; Botteldooren, Dick; De Baets, Bernard

    2016-09-01

    The goal of this paper is to explore the potential of opportunistic mobile monitoring to map the exposure to air pollution in the urban environment at a high spatial resolution. Opportunistic mobile monitoring makes use of existing mobile infrastructure or people's common daily routines to move measurement devices around. Opportunistic mobile monitoring can also play a crucial role in participatory monitoring campaigns as a typical way to gather data. A case study to measure black carbon was set up in Antwerp, Belgium, with the collaboration of city employees (city wardens). The Antwerp city wardens are outdoors for a large part of the day on surveillance tours by bicycle or on foot, and gathered a total of 393 h of measurements. The data collection is unstructured both in space and time, leading to sampling bias. A temporal adjustment can only partly counteract this bias. Although a high spatial coverage was obtained, there is still a rather large uncertainty on the average concentration levels at a spatial resolution of 50 m due to a limited number of measurements and sampling bias. Despite of this uncertainty, large spatial patterns within the city are clearly captured. This study illustrates the potential of campaigns with unstructured opportunistic mobile monitoring, including participatory monitoring campaigns. The results demonstrate that such an approach can indeed be used to identify broad spatial trends over a wider area, enabling applications including hotspot identification, personal exposure studies, regression mapping, etc. But, they also emphasize the need for repeated measurements and careful processing and interpretation of the data.

  1. Evaluation of Farmers’ Working Quality in Jilin Province on the Basis of AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In terms of the working quality of agricultural production and the working quality of non-agricultural production, the evaluation index system of the working quality of farmers is established. By using integrated fuzzy method based on AHP, we determine the weight of each index, and establish membership matrix of this evaluation index system. Taking Jilin Province as an example, we select developed regions, underdeveloped regions and comparatively developed regions respectively to conduct survey. By using the data from survey, according to the established evaluation index system, we conduct empirical analysis of the working quality of farmers. The results show that the working quality of farmers in the developed regions is relatively high, the working quality of farmers in the comparatively developed regions is ordinary, and the working quality of farmers in the underdeveloped regions is relatively low; the physical quality, educational quality and technological quality of farmers in the developed regions are high; the operation quality of agricultural production of farmers in the underdeveloped regions is high; the operation quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions is high; the working quality of agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions is higher than the working quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions; the working quality of non-agricultural industries of farmers in the developed regions is higher than the working quality of agricultural production. The urgent priority of constructing new village is to coordinate urban-rural development, and to offer preferential policies and capital for the villages with backward economic development level.

  2. Quality Characteristics of Tobacco Leaves with Different Aromatic Styles from Guizhou Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Song; WANG Zheng-yin; SHI Jun-xiong

    2007-01-01

    The relationships between chemical components and quality indexes were studied in the tobacco leaves with different aromatic styles. A total of 16 chemical components, 4 quality indexes, and 6 smoking quality indexes from 366 tobacco leaf samples with 4 different types of aroma from Guizhou Province, China, were subjected to principal component analysis and stepwise regression analysis. The tobacco leaves with different types of aroma showed remarkable difference in the contents of chemical components, quality indexes, and smoking quality indexes. The first principal factors (carbohydrates and nitrogen-containing compounds) of the chemical composition of the leaf were similar among different types of aroma,which showed that the quality of the leaf was mainly influenced by carbohydrates and nitrogen-containing compounds and their ratios. The factors for the second through the seventh principal components varied largely among various aromatic types, suggesting the contribution of other chemical components to the leaf quality. In addition, the smoking quality of four different aromatic leaves showed significant correlation with the different chemical components. The quality of tobacco leaves with different types of aroma was influenced by multiple factors, especially ecological conditions and culture techniques, which may provide guidance for directive cultivation of high-quality tobacco leaves.

  3. From the Constitution to the Classroom: Educational Freedom in Antwerp's Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry-Hazan, Lotem

    2014-01-01

    This study explores how the constitutional right to educational freedom penetrates to the schools of the ultra-Orthodox Jewish (Haredi) community in Antwerp, which is one of the largest Haredi communities in the world. The findings indicate that the constitutional educational freedom is altered by various legal rules, social norms, and…

  4. A Mirror to the Eyes of the Mind. Metaphor in Otto van Veen’s Amoris Divini Emblemata (Antwerp 1615)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boot, P.; Dekoninck, R.; Guiderdoni-Bruslé, A.

    2007-01-01

    The paper will give an account of metaphorical processes in Otto van Veen’s Amoris Divini Emblemata (Antwerp 1615). It argues that, among other things, the shared contextual metaphors in picture and text are what makes the book a coherent whole. Embedding of a metaphor in an allegorical setting crea

  5. Surface and groundwater quality in the northeastern region of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galindo, G.; Sainato, C.; Dapeña, C.; Fernández-Turiel, J. L.; Gimeno, D.; Pomposiello, M. C.; Panarello, H. O.

    2007-04-01

    This work studies the water quality of the Pergamino-Arrecifes River zone in the Rolling Pampa, northeast Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Temperature, pH, specific conductivity, Na, K, Mg, Ca, SO42-, Cl -, HCO3-, NO3-, Si, Ag, Al, As, B, Ba, Be, Br, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, P, Pb, Se, Tl, U, V, Zn, and the environmental stable δ18O and δ2H isotope ratios were determined in 18 sampling stations. Natural and anthropogenic features influence surface and groundwater quality. Point pollution sources (septic wells and other domestic and farming effluents) increase the nitrate concentration. The values of pH, NO3-, Al, As, B, Fe, and Mn exceed the respective Argentine reference thresholds in different sampling stations for human drinking water; B, Mo, U, and V for irrigation; and V and Zn for cattle consumption.

  6. The influence of land use change on karst water quality of Shuicheng Basin in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIAYanan; YUANDaoxian

    2004-01-01

    The influence of land use and land cover on ecological environment is a focus of global change research. The paper chooses an industrial city-Shuicheng in Guizhou Province-as a study area because the karst water quality around the city is deteriorating with land use and land cover change.The natural susceptibility of karst water system is an important factor leading to karst water pollution.But land use and land cover change is also a main factor according to the chemical analysis of karst water quality and land use change. So it is a good way to protect karst water through rational planning and managing of land use and land cover.

  7. Effect of community activities on water qualities of the Bangpakong River, Chachoengsao Province

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    Paibulkichakul, C.

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The effect of community activities on water qualities of the Bangpakong River were investigated. Water from three different areas, Huasai temple, Thayai market and Sothorn temple, were sampled for quality monitoring for its physical, chemical and biological properties during July-September 2004. Analysis of variance was used for data analysis, and Duncan's Multiple Range Test was applied for means comparison at 95% confidence level.The results showed that ranges of dissolved oxygen, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate and orthophosphatephosphorus in all stations were 4.10-6.35, 0.022-0.156, 0.012-0.050, 0.084-0.299 and 0.004-0.047 mg/L, res the large food market, had the lowest water quality. Sothorn temple, the well-known tourist temple, had water quality in the middle of the three stations. Huasai temple, the agricultural site, had the best water qualities. The differences of water quality may be caused by the differences of community activities. The other parameters of this study could not clearly indicate the resons for the difference on water qualities.However, water quality from three areas met the Surface Water Quality Standard, class 3. Bangpakong River, the main river of Chachoengsao Province, is not only the source of water supply for households consumption as well as agricultural and industrial activities, but also receives untreated waste water from households, markets and industrial estates. Consequently, unless wastewater has been treated properly before discharging into the Bangpakong River, there will be water pollution in the near future.

  8. QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF IMMUNIZATION IN RURAL AREAS COVERD BY HEALTH HOUSES IN WEST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE, 1995

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    Sh. Salarilak

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Povinding quality health care services, without constant qualitative and quantitative studeies/evaluation, seem to be impossible. High rate of children immunization coverage in Iran, however, represents parts of a quality assessment of mother and child health care services in rural areas of West-Azerbaijan Province, Iran. In this cross-sectional study, LQAS method was employed for the purpose of quality assessment. Children between 10 to 36 months old from the pre-mentions areas constitute the study population of present report. Sample was selected through a multistage sampling method and a questionnaire together with a checklist was utilized for data collection. Findings demonstrate a very high rate immunization coverage of children (>96%. Mother’s knowledge about the data of next vaccination and DPT potential side effect's are estimated to be 32%, and 58%, respectively. Children's overall immunization adequacy rate, despite the high rate coverage, equalled to 59% which does not represent a high quality service in this respect. This study approves the reliability and practicality of LQAS method for quality assurance of health services.

  9. Agricultural Bank performance, perceived quality, from the perspective of bank customers Kermanshah Province

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    Hassan Rangriz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In today's world, enjoying favorable rates, and optimize existing resources, in order to achieve economic goals, a measure that reflects the degree of development of the communities. The present study was to investigate the causes of the financial decentralization farmers in Kermanshah Province; the Agricultural Bank has been done. Since the purpose of researching, identifying causes, the financing bank, the important role is to investigate the factors known, the Bank of experts and scholars, including quality of service, and customer satisfaction is discussed., in this regard, using the SERVQUAL model, which has five dimensions: tangibility, reliability, responsiveness, reliability and empathy that show quality of services provided, and the comparison between the quality of performance expected by bank customers to their satisfaction achieved, using descriptive and inferential statistics (nonparametric Wilcoxon test to test the hypotheses, a sample of 375 persons from customers (with a deposit of three hundred million rials, Agricultural Bank of Kermanshah discussed, and hypotheses of the study, the significance level been confirmed, indicating that the quality of performance and expected service Agricultural Bank customers Kermanshah, there is no significant difference.

  10. Evaluation of Quality of Life and Safety of Seniors in Golestan Province, Iran

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    Fereshteh Farzianpour PhD

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the criteria for quality of life (QoL using standardized short-form health survey with only 36 questions (SF-36; Version 2.0 and Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC questionnaires to study the relationship between QoL and living conditions of seniors in Golestan province in Iran. This was an analytical cross-sectional study with descriptive and analytical parts. The population was individuals above 65 years of age in Golestan province in Iran. The sample size was calculated based on the correlation coefficient; a correlation of .2 or greater was considered statistically significant at 80% for the power of the test at the 95% confidence level. The data on QoL of seniors were collected by interview and observation using the CPSC questionnaire for nursing homes and the SF-36 for QoL health indicators. The reliability of the CPSC questionnaire was estimated using Cronbach’s alpha with a coefficient of .838. The SF-36 questionnaire was validated with Cronbach’s alpha with a coefficient of .95. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to interpret the probability of abnormal QoL between levels of independent predictors. The percentage of seniors in overall poor health as a binary outcome was 43.5, and the percentage of unsafe conditions was 49.8.

  11. The Art of Compromise: Legislative Deliberations on Marine Insurance Institutions in Antwerp (c. 1550-c. 1570

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    Dave de Ruysscher

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Dave De Ruysscher and Jeroen Puttevils look into the complex interaction – typicalof the Low Countries – between various stakeholders (economic agents, citygovernment and central government that shaped the legislation of economic practices. Eschewing top-down (the central government imposes its rules and bottom-up (merchants sought to have their customs legalised models, and taking into account the powers enjoyed by city governments in the Low Countries, which were both ample but also constrained by the central government, the authors tracethe development of one particular type of contract and transaction – sixteenth century marine insurance, a growing sector for which Antwerp became the key centre. By laying bare the negotiation process which preceded the compromise, they find that decisions on the legislation regarding marine insurance were both politically and economically induced. The three major agents (merchants, city government and central government were not monolithic blocs: within the Antwerp mercantile community different opinions on marine insurance and its legislation could be heard. There were ‘national’ differences and small-time insurance purchasers thought differently about state legislation than their larger colleagues and insurers. Parties with political clout also had a stronger voice in negotiations. De kunst van het compromis. Onderhandelingen over wetgeving voor hetzeeverzekeringswezen in Antwerpen (c. 1550-c. 1570De wetgeving rond economische praktijken in de zestiende-eeuwse Nederlanden werd in belangrijke mate bepaald door de complexe interactie tussen verschillende belangengroepen (economische agenten, stedelijke overheid en centraal gezag. Dave De ruysscher en Jeroen Puttevils zijn van mening dat top-down (de vorst legt zijn regels op en bottum-up modellen (kooplieden willen hun gewoonten omgezet zien in wetten weinig afdoend zijn en stellen zich vragen bij de reikwijdte van de macht van stedelijke

  12. Quality Control of Conventional Radiology Devices in Selected Hospitals of Khuzestan Province, Iran

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    Behrouz Rasuli

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Quality control techniques used to test the components of the radiological system and verify that the equipment is operating satisfactorily. In this study, quality control (QC assessment of conventional radiology devices was performed in frequently visited radiology centers of Khuzestan province, Iran. Materials and Methods Fifteen conventional radiology devices were examined, based on the protocol proposed in Report No. 77 by the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM. Ten standard QC tests, including voltage accuracy and reproducibility, exposure time accuracy and reproducibility, tube output linearity (time and milliampere, filtration (half-value layer, tube output (70 kV at FSD =100 cm, tube output reproducibility and beam alignment were performed and assessed. All measurements were performed, using Barracuda multi-purpose detector. Results Thereproducibility of voltage, exposure time and dose output, as well as output linearity, met the standard criteria in all devices. However, in 60% of the units, the results of the beam alignment test were poor. We also found that 66.7% of the studied units offer services to more than 18,000 patients annually or 50 patients per day. Conclusion Despite the fact that radiological devices in Khuzestan province are relatively old with high workload, the obtained results showed that these devices met the standard criteria. This may be mainly related to proper after-sale services, provided by the companies. Although these services may be expensive for radiology centers, the costs may be significantly reduced if QC is defined as a routine procedure performed by qualified medical physicists or radiation safety officers.

  13. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

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    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment.

  14. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment

  15. Analysis of Supply Chain Model of Agricultural Products and Quality Safety——A Case Study of Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the supply chain models of four types of agricultural products,namely fruits and vegetables,poultry,aquatic products and dairy,and the food safety problems arising from the links of supply chain.In view of different models,corresponding suggestions are put forward to ensure the quality safety of agricultural products in Heilongjiang Province.

  16. Analysis of Supply Chain Model of Agricultural Products and Quality Safety: A Case Study of Heilongjiang Province

    OpenAIRE

    Huo, Hong; Shen, Xin; Huang, Zhipeng

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the supply chain models of four types of agricultural products, namely fruits and vegetables, poultry, aquatic products and dairy, and the food safety problems arising from the links of supply chain. In view of different models, corresponding suggestions are put forward to ensure the quality safety of agricultural products in Heilongjiang Province.

  17. Groundwater quality analysis using multivariate statistical techniques (case study: Fars province, Iran).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noshadi, Masoud; Ghafourian, Amir

    2016-07-01

    This research investigated the quality of groundwater of 298 wells during 10 years, in Fars province, southern Iran, to survey spatial variation of groundwater quality and also major sources of hydro-chemical components for drinking and agricultural uses. To classify the sampling stations in each year, hierarchical cluster analysis, using the Euclidean distances and "Ward" method, was used. According to the results of cluster analysis, there were three quality groups in groundwater of the research area: first group of 170 wells with type of Ca-HCO3, second group of 98 wells with type of Ca-HCO3, and third group of 30 wells with type of Na-Cl. Hydro-chemical parameters were increased from the first to the third group, and on the basis of Schoeller and USSL diagrams, the water of wells of the third group was considered unsuitable for irrigation and drinking. Principal component (PC) analysis and factor analysis reduced the complex and voluminous data matrix into three main components, accounting for more than 80 % of the total variance. The first PC contained TDS, EC, TH, Na(+), Cl(-), Mg(2+), SO4 (2-), Ca(2+), and SAR parameters. Therefore, the first dominant factor was salinity. In PC2, HCO3 and pH were the dominant parameters, which may indicate weathering of silicate minerals. The PC3 contained high loadings for NO2 (2-) and NO3 (-). This factor indicates anthropogenic contaminants that may be caused by improper disposal of domestic wastes or the use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture and leaching of them. PMID:27317054

  18. Groundwater quality analysis using multivariate statistical techniques (case study: Fars province, Iran).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noshadi, Masoud; Ghafourian, Amir

    2016-07-01

    This research investigated the quality of groundwater of 298 wells during 10 years, in Fars province, southern Iran, to survey spatial variation of groundwater quality and also major sources of hydro-chemical components for drinking and agricultural uses. To classify the sampling stations in each year, hierarchical cluster analysis, using the Euclidean distances and "Ward" method, was used. According to the results of cluster analysis, there were three quality groups in groundwater of the research area: first group of 170 wells with type of Ca-HCO3, second group of 98 wells with type of Ca-HCO3, and third group of 30 wells with type of Na-Cl. Hydro-chemical parameters were increased from the first to the third group, and on the basis of Schoeller and USSL diagrams, the water of wells of the third group was considered unsuitable for irrigation and drinking. Principal component (PC) analysis and factor analysis reduced the complex and voluminous data matrix into three main components, accounting for more than 80 % of the total variance. The first PC contained TDS, EC, TH, Na(+), Cl(-), Mg(2+), SO4 (2-), Ca(2+), and SAR parameters. Therefore, the first dominant factor was salinity. In PC2, HCO3 and pH were the dominant parameters, which may indicate weathering of silicate minerals. The PC3 contained high loadings for NO2 (2-) and NO3 (-). This factor indicates anthropogenic contaminants that may be caused by improper disposal of domestic wastes or the use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture and leaching of them.

  19. The evolution of future geogenic matter fluxes due Enhanced Weathering: Results from the Antwerp Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, Jens; Weiss, Andreas; Struyf, Eric; Schoelynck, Jonas; Meire, Patrick; Amann, Thorben

    2015-04-01

    Understanding the evolution of geogenic matter fluxes in soils due the application of rock products ontop of soils is relevant to evaluate alteration of soil solutions and saturation states of solutes. In the future the practice of applying rock products will continue and areas affected will likely spread (Hartmann et al., 2013). This trend will likely be fuelled by attempts to optimize carbon dioxide removal by increasing biomass production, soil organic carbon stocks, increase crop production or afforestation. All those efforts demand a certain amount of geogenic nutrients, which need to be replaced. To investigate the release patterns and the downward transport of an array of elements, and to study their fate as well as reaction processes, altered through this practice, a mesocosm experiment was established at Antwerp University. Extended results will be presented (c.f., Weiss et al., 2014) focusing on the release and transport of DIC (dissolved inorganic carbon) and Mg (magnesium) in the soil column downwards after the application of 22 kg m-2 olivine powder. Elevated DIC and Mg concentrations are detected in case of olivine is applied to mesocosms with wheat and barley, if compared to the mesocsoms without plants, and without olivine. The change patterns in concentrations and fluxes will be discussed. Hartmann, J., et al. (2013) Enhanced chemical weathering as a geoengineering strategy to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide, supply nutrients, and mitigate ocean acidification. Reviews of Geophysics; 51(2), 113-149. doi: 10.1002/rog.20004 Weiss, A., et al. (2014) The overlooked compartment of the critical-zone-complex, considering the evolution of future geogenic matter fluxes: Agricultural topsoils. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 10, 339-342. doi:10.1016/j.proeps.2014.08.032

  20. IMPACT OF MINING WASTES ON GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN THE PROVINCE JERADA (EASTERN MOROCCO

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    BATTIOUI MOUNIA

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Jerada coal mine is located in north east of Morocco, and closed in late 2001.Today the quantity stored is about 15 to 20 million tonnes. These releases contain significant levels of accompanying elements or secondary minerals such as iron sulfides (pyrite and their oxidation products.Monitor the groundwater quality was developed in the region in order to assess the quality of these waters and to estimate the risk of contamination. The study focused on 35 wells spread to cover almost all of the study area.Two main sampling campaigns were conducted, the first one in October 2010, the second in July 2011.The pH of the different measuring points is generally between 6 and alkaline tending 8 show groundwater level in the region.The results obtained by ion chromatography show an average sulphate concentration of about 700mg/l.These concentrations are much higher in the wet season than the dry season. The average nitrate levels are in the range of 300mg/l while those chlorides are of the order of 418 mg/l.The analysis by emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP showed mean concentrations of calcium in the range of 170mg/l,340mg/l for sodium and 309mg/l for magnesium while contents of Al, As, Cd remain negligible or even below the detection limit.The results of physico-chemical analysis of groundwater level in the province of Jerada show high pollution level in the region.

  1. Indoor air quality levels in a University Hospital in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia

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    Mahmoud F El-Sharkawy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the Study: The complex hospital environment requires special attention to ensure a healthy indoor air quality (IAQ to protect patients and healthcare workers against hospital-acquired infections and occupational diseases. Poor hospital IAQ may cause outbreaks of building-related illness such as headaches, fatigue, eye, and skin irritations, and other symptoms. The general objective for this study was to assess IAQ inside a large University hospital at Al-Khobar City in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Different locations representing areas where most activities and tasks are performed were selected as sampling points for air pollutants in the selected hospital. In addition, several factors were studied to determine those that were most likely to affect the IAQ levels. The temperature and relative percent humidity of different air pollutants were measured simultaneously at each location. Results: The outdoor levels of all air pollutant levels, except volatile organic compounds (VOCs, were higher than the indoor levels which meant that the IAQ inside healthcare facilities (HCFs were greatly affected by outdoor sources, particularly traffic. The highest levels of total suspended particulates (TSPs and those less than 10 microns (PM 10 inside the selected hospital were found at locations that are characterized with m4ore human activity. Conclusions:Levels of particulate matter (both PM 10 and TSP were higher than the Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs. The highest concentrations of the fungal species recorded were Cladosporium and Penicillium. Education of occupants of HCF on IAQ is critical. They must be informed about the sources and effects of contaminants and the proper operation of the ventilation system.

  2. An assessment of routine primary care health information system data quality in Sofala Province, Mozambique

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    Cuembelo Fatima

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Primary health care is recognized as a main driver of equitable health service delivery. For it to function optimally, routine health information systems (HIS are necessary to ensure adequate provision of health care and the development of appropriate health policies. Concerns about the quality of routine administrative data have undermined their use in resource-limited settings. This evaluation was designed to describe the availability, reliability, and validity of a sample of primary health care HIS data from nine health facilities across three districts in Sofala Province, Mozambique. HIS data were also compared with results from large community-based surveys. Methodology We used a methodology similar to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria data verification bottom-up audit to assess primary health care HIS data availability and reliability. The quality of HIS data was validated by comparing three key indicators (antenatal care, institutional birth, and third diptheria, pertussis, and tetanus [DPT] immunization with population-level surveys over time. Results and discussion The data concordance from facility clinical registries to monthly facility reports on five key indicators--the number of first antenatal care visits, institutional births, third DPT immunization, HIV testing, and outpatient consults--was good (80%. When two sites were excluded from the analysis, the concordance was markedly better (92%. Of monthly facility reports for immunization and maternity services, 98% were available in paper form at district health departments and 98% of immunization and maternity services monthly facility reports matched the Ministry of Health electronic database. Population-level health survey and HIS data were strongly correlated (R = 0.73, for institutional birth, first antenatal care visit, and third DPT immunization. Conclusions Our results suggest that in this setting, HIS data are both reliable and

  3. A pilot study on 25-hydroxyvitamin D status according to sun exposure in pregnant women in Antwerp, Belgium

    OpenAIRE

    Vercruyssen, J.; Martin, M.; Jacquemyn, Y.

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency in utero or early neonatal life may have a major impact on children’s health. Little is known on vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women in Belgium, non on the impact of wearing head and/or body cover. Objectives: This was a preliminary exploration of the vitamin D status in pregnant women visiting the antenatal clinic in the Antwerp University Hospital. Method: From August 1 2009 until November 30 2009 we systematically determined 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH...

  4. Coverage and quality of antenatal care provided at primary health care facilities in the 'Punjab' province of 'Pakistan'.

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    Muhammad Ashraf Majrooh

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Antenatal care is a very important component of maternal health services. It provides the opportunity to learn about risks associated with pregnancy and guides to plan the place of deliveries thereby preventing maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. In 'Pakistan' antenatal services to rural population are being provided through a network of primary health care facilities designated as 'Basic Health Units and Rural Health Centers. Pakistan is a developing country, consisting of four provinces and federally administered areas. Each province is administratively subdivided in to 'Divisions' and 'Districts'. By population 'Punjab' is the largest province of Pakistan having 36 districts. This study was conducted to assess the coverage and quality antenatal care in the primary health care facilities in 'Punjab' province of 'Pakistan'. METHODS: Quantitative and Qualitative methods were used to collect data. Using multistage sampling technique nine out of thirty six districts were selected and 19 primary health care facilities of public sector (seventeen Basic Health Units and two Rural Health Centers were randomly selected from each district. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were conducted with clients, providers and health managers. RESULTS: The overall enrollment for antenatal checkup was 55.9% and drop out was 32.9% in subsequent visits. The quality of services regarding assessment, treatment and counseling was extremely poor. The reasons for low coverage and quality were the distant location of facilities, deficiency of facility resources, indifferent attitude and non availability of the staff. Moreover, lack of client awareness about importance of antenatal care and self empowerment for decision making to seek care were also responsible for low coverage. CONCLUSION: The coverage and quality of the antenatal care services in 'Punjab' are extremely compromised. Only half of the expected pregnancies are enrolled and

  5. The hygienic-related microbiological quality of drinking water sources Al-Baha Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    Omer, Eltigani O.M.; Abdullah A Algamidi; Ibrahim M Algamidi; Ali Fadlelmula; Ali Saad R Alsubaie

    2014-01-01

    Background: Contaminated water is a suitable medium to transmit diseases. The assessment of potential risks from microbial contamination of drinking water supplies is of great concern to human health. Materials and Methods: This observational cross-section study designed to assess the effect of environmental factors on the microbiological quality of drinking water in Baljuorshi city, Al Baha Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The study includes bacteriological analysis of all the d...

  6. Effects of Rainfall on Water Quality of Aquaculture along the Coastal Areas of Jiangsu Province and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to decrease the effects of rainfall on water quality of aquaculture along the coastal areas of Jiangsu Province and improve the yield and quality of aquatic products.[Method] We firstly designed the methods to calculate average pH of different rainfalls,total precipitation,as well as the changes of pH and salinity in the studied pond and coastal culture zone,then analyzed the dynamic variation of precipitation,pH and salinity caused by rainfall to discuss the effects of rainfall ...

  7. Community perception of quality of (primary) health care services in a rural area of Limpopo Province, South Africa: a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    T-AB Mashego; PELTZER, K.

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the study was to survey perceptions of quality of (primary) health care services provided in rural communities in the Limpopo province. Ten focus groups discussions were held with community members chosen by convenience from public places from four villages in the central region of the Limpopo Province. The sample included 42 women and 34 men (76 participants). Results indicated perceived quality discussed within the following categories: (1) conduct of staff (reception, communicat...

  8. Current and future pluvial flood hazard analysis for the city of Antwerp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willems, Patrick; Tabari, Hossein; De Niel, Jan; Van Uytven, Els; Lambrechts, Griet; Wellens, Geert

    2016-04-01

    For the city of Antwerp in Belgium, higher rainfall extremes were observed in comparison with surrounding areas. The differences were found statistically significant for some areas and may be the result of the heat island effect in combination with the higher concentrations of aerosols. A network of 19 rain gauges but with varying records length (the longest since the 1960s) and continuous radar data for 10 years were combined to map the spatial variability of rainfall extremes over the city at various durations from 15 minutes to 1 day together with the uncertainty. The improved spatial rainfall information was used as input in the sewer system model of the city to analyze the frequency of urban pluvial floods. Comparison with historical flood observations from various sources (fire brigade and media) confirmed that the improved spatial rainfall information also improved sewer impact results on both the magnitude and frequency of the sewer floods. Next to these improved urban flood impact results for recent and current climatological conditions, the new insights on the local rainfall microclimate were also helpful to enhance future projections on rainfall extremes and pluvial floods in the city. This was done by improved statistical downscaling of all available CMIP5 global climate model runs (160 runs) for the 4 RCP scenarios, as well as the available EURO-CORDEX regional climate model runs. Two types of statistical downscaling methods were applied for that purpose (a weather typing based method, and a quantile perturbation approach), making use of the microclimate results and its dependency on specific weather types. Changes in extreme rainfall intensities were analyzed and mapped as a function of the RCP scenario, together with the uncertainty, decomposed in the uncertainties related to the climate models, the climate model initialization or limited length of the 30-year time series (natural climate variability) and the statistical downscaling (albeit limited

  9. Determination of the water quality index ratings of water in the Mpumalanga and North West provinces, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanda, Elijah M. M.; Mamba, Bhekie B.; Msagati, Titus A. M.

    2016-04-01

    This study reports on the water quality index (WQI) of wastewater and drinking water in the Mpumalanga and North West provinces of South Africa. The WQI is one of the most effective tools available to water sustainability researchers, because it provides an easily intelligible ranking of water quality on a rating scale from 0 to 100, based on the ascription of different weightings to several different parameters. In this study the WQI index ratings of wastewater and drinking water samples were computed according to the levels of pH, electrical conductivity (EC), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), E. coli, temperature, turbidity and nutrients (nitrogen and phosphates) found in water samples collected from the two provinces between June and December, 2014. This study isolated three groups of WQ-rated waters, namely: fair (with a WQI range = 32.87-38.54%), medium (with a WQI range = 56.54-69.77%) and good (with a WQI range = 71.69-81.63%). More specifically, 23%, 23% and 54% of the sampled sites registered waters with fair, medium and good WQ ratings respectively. None of the sites sampled during the entire period of the project registered excellent or very good water quality ratings, which would ordinarily indicate that no treatment is required to make it fit for human consumption. Nevertheless, the results obtained by the Eerstehoek and Schoemansville water treatment plants in Mpumalanga and North West provinces, respectively, suggest that substantial improvement in the quality of water samples is possible, since the WQI values for all of the treated samples were higher than those for raw water. Presence of high levels of BOD, low levels of dissolved oxygen (DO), E. coli, nitrates and phosphates especially in raw water samples greatly affected their overall WQ ratings. It is recommended that a point-of-use system should be introduced to treat water intended for domestic purposes in the clean-water-deprived areas.

  10. Rewards: A predictor of well-being and service quality of school principals in the North-West province

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    Kamohelo Nthebe

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: School principals have an important role to play in the quality of service delivery in schools. Evidence suggests that school principals are generally poorly compensated, which has an adverse impact on their well-being and subsequent service quality orientation.Research purpose: This study investigated whether rewards are a predictor of well-being and service orientation of school principals in the North-West province.Motivation for the study: Effective school principals are fundamental to the success of any school, which necessitates the establishment of an effective reward and remuneration system.Research design, approach and method: Quantitative research was carried out among school principals (N = 155 in four districts of the North-West province. The Total Rewards Scale, Maslach’s Burnout Inventory – General Survey, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale and the SERVQUAL measure were administered among the principals.Main findings: The results showed that rewards are a significant predictor of the well-being and service quality of school principals. The results further showed that burnout significantly reduces the service quality of school principals. No significant relationships were found between work engagement and the service quality of school principals.Practical/managerial implications: An effective total rewards system enhances the well-being of school principals and, subsequently, their willingness and commitment to delivering quality services.Contribution: The results of this study point out some key elements that need to be considered by the Department of Education to enable quality service delivery in South African schools.

  11. Assessment of air quality management policies in China with integrated model framework: Case study for Hebei province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Q.; Zhao, Q.; Zheng, B.; Hong, C.; Tong, D.; Yang, W.; He, K.

    2015-12-01

    The Chinese government has pledged to clean urban air within five years from 2013 to 2017, to promote annual average PM2.5 concentration decline by 25%, 20% and 15% in the North China Plain, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, respectively. The national targets are disaggregated into provinces, where region-specific action plan is designed and implemented by local government. It is particularly important to timely assess the effectiveness of local emission control measures and guarantee local efforts are in line with the national goal. We develop an integrated model framework for air quality management and policy evaluation, by integrating a dynamic high-resolution emission model, an emission scenarios analysis tool, and a 3-D air quality model. We then put the model system into pilot use in Hebei province for policy making to achieve the air quality target of 2017. We first integrate over 3000 point source facilities into this system to develop a high-resolution emission inventory. Upon the base emission dataset, the efforts to mitigate emissions with current and enacted measures are tracked and quantified to dynamic account of emission changes monthly. Strict policies are designed within the model framework through analyzing the potential to cut emissions for each point source. The finalized policy package can reduce emissions of major air pollutants by 20%-40%, respectively, leading to large decrease of ambient PM2.5 concentration.

  12. Impact of passenger car NOx emissions and NO2 fractions on urban NO2 pollution - Scenario analysis for the city of Antwerp, Belgium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degraeuwe, Bart; Thunis, Philippe; Clappier, Alain; Weiss, Martin; Lefebvre, Wouter; Janssen, Stijn; Vranckx, Stijn

    2016-02-01

    The annual NO2 concentrations in many European cities exceed the established air quality standard. This situation is mainly caused by Diesel cars whose NOx emissions are higher on the road than during type approval in the laboratory. Moreover, the fraction of NO2 in the NOx emissions of modern diesel cars appears to have increased as compared to previous models. In this paper, we assess 1) to which level the distance-specific NOx emissions of Diesel cars should be reduced to meet established air quality standards and 2) if it would be useful to introduce a complementary NO2 emissions limit. We develop a NO2 pollution model that accounts in an analysis of 9 emission scenarios for changes in both, the urban background NO2 concentrations and the local NO2 emissions at street level. We apply this model to the city of Antwerp, Belgium. The results suggest that a reduction in NOx emissions decreases the regional and urban NO2 background concentration; high NO2 fractions increase the ambient NO2 concentrations only in close spatial proximity to the emission source. In a busy access road to the city centre, the average NO2 concentration can be reduced by 23% if Diesel cars emitted 0.35 g NOx/km instead of the current 0.62 g NOx/km. Reductions of 45% are possible if the NOX emissions of Diesel cars decreased to the level of gasoline cars (0.03 g NOx/km). Our findings suggest that the Real-Driving Emissions (RDE) test procedure can solve the problem of NO2 exceedances in cities if it reduced the on-road NOx emissions of diesel cars to the permissible limit of 0.08 g/km. The implementation of a complementary NO2 emissions limit may then become superfluous. If Diesel cars continue to exceed by several factors their NOx emissions limit on the road, a shift of the vehicle fleet to gasoline cars may be necessary to solve persisting air quality problems.

  13. Analysis Supporting Factors and Constraints LPMP Performance in Improving the Quality of Education in Jambi Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosadi, Kemas Imron

    2015-01-01

    Development of education in Indonesia is based on three aspects, namely equity and expansion, quality and relevance, as well as good governance. Quality education is influenced by several factors related to quality education managerial leaders, limited funds, facilities, educational facilities, media, learning resources, tools and training…

  14. Spatial Strategy for Quality Labor in Rural Development——A Case Study of Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Yifei; WANG Hongyang

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the issue of high-quality labor in rural enterprises of China. It develops a spatial strategy which consists of two dimensions: geographical space and administrative space. Different combinations of these two dimensions form a variety of approaches such as local internalization, local externalization, regional/national internalization, and regional/national externalization. In the local internalization approach, rural enterprises hire such high-quality labor and ask them to work on site, while in the local externalization approach, rural enterprises seek help from employees working in other local enterprises. In the regional/national internalization approach, rural enterprises set up research and development centers in big cities to take advantages of the high-quality labor pool there. Finally in the regional/national externalization approach, rural enterprises hire people from big cities on temporary contracts. Three approaches, hiring retired technical workers, shuttling between the rural site and country seats, and setting up R&D centers in big cities are demonstrated through cases in Zhangjiagang, a leading county-level city in the southern Jiangsu Province. It is argued that rural enterprises need to broaden their perspectives of administrative space and geographical space and think creatively to deal with the shortage of quality labor in rural settings.

  15. Effect of Cold-Water Irrigation on Grain Quality Traits in japonica Rice Varieties from Yunnan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Guo-zhen; LIU Ji-xin; YANG Sea-jun; YEA Jong-doo; LIAO Xin-hua; SU Zhen-xi; SHI Rong; JIANG Cong; DAI Lu-yuan

    2009-01-01

    The response of grain quality traits to cold-water irrigation and its correlation with cold tolerance were studied in 11 japonica rice varieties from Yunnan Province, China. The results indicated that the response of grain quality traits to the cold-water stress varied with rice varieties and grain quality traits. Under the cold-water stress, grain width, chalky rice rate, whiteness, 1000-grain weight, brown rice rate, taste meter value, peak viscosity, trough viscosity, breakdown viscosity and final viscosity significantly decreased, whereas grain length-width ratio, head rice rate, alkali digestion value, protein content and setback viscosity markedly increased. However, the other traits such as grain length, amylose content, milled rice rate, peak viscosity time and pasting temperature were not significantly affected by the cold-water stress. Significant correlations were discovered between phenotypic acceptability and cold response indices of taste meter value, protein content, peak viscosity and breakdown viscosity. Therefore, it would be very important to improve the cold tolerance of Yunnan rice varieties in order to stabilize and improve their eating quality.

  16. Utilization of research reactor to the environmental application in Thailand. Air quality study in Saraburi Province, central Thailand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saraburi Province is facing difficulties due to high dust generating Industries which is the major economy of the area. Thus, the elemental composition of SPMs in Tumbon Na Phra Lan, Saraburi Province is being monitored. The samples were collected in each quarter from May 2005 to March 2006. Soil as well as fine particles from stacks of some selected manufacturers were also analyzed. The average weight of SPM was found lowest in wet season and highest in the middle of dry season. The average weight of SPM is also high in dry season and low in wet season. The elements found in the samples are Na, Mg, Al, As, Sr, Br, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, and Zn. Calcium is selected as the key elements since most postulated source of pollution is due industrial utilization of the limestone deposit. It is observed that the fine partials form stack are quite low which mean an effective emission control of fine particles form the selected manufacturers. The data is being utilized by the Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the environmental authority in Thailand. The authority will use this data to find possible solution for air quality improvement of the area. Future collaboration with environmental authority will be on the study of Thalenoi conservation area in the southern part of Thailand. (author)

  17. Maintenance of the favourable conservation status in two Special Protection Areas in co-habitation with development of the Antwerp harbour

    OpenAIRE

    Spanoghe, G.; Gyselings, R.; Van den Bergh, E.; Hemelaer, L.

    2005-01-01

    The growing Antwerp harbour on the left bank of the River Schelde has a considerable overlap with designated Birds and Habitats Directive areas (SPA and SAC). Harbour development projects threaten the favourable conservation status of the protected habitats and species. On the other hand the international conservation commitment hampers the harbour development. ‘Co-habitation’, the aim of the Flemish Government to maintain a balance between industrial and ecological needs is a key word in the...

  18. Study of a unique 16th century Antwerp majolica floor in the Rameyenhof castle's chapel by means of X-ray fluorescence and portable Raman analytical instrumentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van de Voorde, Lien; Vandevijvere, Melissa; Vekemans, Bart; Van Pevenage, Jolien; Caen, Joost; Vandenabeele, Peter; Van Espen, Piet; Vincze, Laszlo

    2014-12-01

    The most unique and only known 16th century Antwerp majolica tile floor in Belgium is situated in a tower of the Rameyenhof castle (Gestel, Belgium). This exceptional work of art has recently been investigated in situ by using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and Raman spectroscopy in order to study the material characteristics. This study reports on the result of the analyses based on the novel combination of non-destructive and portable instrumentation, including a handheld XRF spectrometer for obtaining elemental information and a mobile Raman spectrometer for retrieving structural and molecular information on the floor tiles in the Rameyenhof castle and on a second, similar medallion, which is stored in the Rubens House museum in Antwerp (Belgium). The investigated material, majolica, is a type of ceramic, which fascinated many people and potters throughout history by its beauty and colourful appearance. In this study the characteristic major/minor and trace element signature of 16th century Antwerp majolica is determined and the pigments used for the colourful paintings present on the floor are identified. Furthermore, based on the elemental fingerprint of the white glaze, and in particular on the presence of zinc in the tiles - an element that was not used for making 16th century majolica - valuable information about the originality of the chapel floor and the two central medallions is acquired.

  19. Investigating the Relationship between the Quality of Education and Level of Educational Attainment in Turkish Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumus, Sedat

    2012-01-01

    Research in comparative and international education indicates that the quality of education, as measured by standardized tests, and the level of educational attainment have a significant impact on individual earning and national economic growth. However, the relationship between the quality of education and the level of educational attainment has…

  20. Impact of trees on pollutant dispersion in street canyons: A numerical study of the annual average effects in Antwerp, Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vranckx, Stijn; Vos, Peter; Maiheu, Bino; Janssen, Stijn

    2015-11-01

    Effects of vegetation on pollutant dispersion receive increased attention in attempts to reduce air pollutant concentration levels in the urban environment. In this study, we examine the influence of vegetation on the concentrations of traffic pollutants in urban street canyons using numerical simulations with the CFD code OpenFOAM. This CFD approach is validated against literature wind tunnel data of traffic pollutant dispersion in street canyons. The impact of trees is simulated for a variety of vegetation types and the full range of approaching wind directions at 15° interval. All these results are combined using meteo statistics, including effects of seasonal leaf loss, to determine the annual average effect of trees in street canyons. This analysis is performed for two pollutants, elemental carbon (EC) and PM10, using background concentrations and emission strengths for the city of Antwerp, Belgium. The results show that due to the presence of trees the annual average pollutant concentrations increase with about 8% (range of 1% to 13%) for EC and with about 1.4% (range of 0.2 to 2.6%) for PM10. The study indicates that this annual effect is considerably smaller than earlier estimates which are generally based on a specific set of governing conditions (1 wind direction, full leafed trees and peak hour traffic emissions).

  1. Impact of trees on pollutant dispersion in street canyons: A numerical study of the annual average effects in Antwerp, Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vranckx, Stijn; Vos, Peter; Maiheu, Bino; Janssen, Stijn

    2015-11-01

    Effects of vegetation on pollutant dispersion receive increased attention in attempts to reduce air pollutant concentration levels in the urban environment. In this study, we examine the influence of vegetation on the concentrations of traffic pollutants in urban street canyons using numerical simulations with the CFD code OpenFOAM. This CFD approach is validated against literature wind tunnel data of traffic pollutant dispersion in street canyons. The impact of trees is simulated for a variety of vegetation types and the full range of approaching wind directions at 15° interval. All these results are combined using meteo statistics, including effects of seasonal leaf loss, to determine the annual average effect of trees in street canyons. This analysis is performed for two pollutants, elemental carbon (EC) and PM10, using background concentrations and emission strengths for the city of Antwerp, Belgium. The results show that due to the presence of trees the annual average pollutant concentrations increase with about 8% (range of 1% to 13%) for EC and with about 1.4% (range of 0.2 to 2.6%) for PM10. The study indicates that this annual effect is considerably smaller than earlier estimates which are generally based on a specific set of governing conditions (1 wind direction, full leafed trees and peak hour traffic emissions). PMID:26100726

  2. Incidence of HCV and sexually transmitted diseases among hiv positive msm in antwerp, belgium, 2001-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apers, L; Koole, O; Bottieau, E; Vandenbruaene, M; Ophoff, D; Van Esbroeck, M; Crucitti, T; Florence, E

    2013-01-01

    Recurrent Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are an indication of unsafe sexual practices and may be associated with HCV-infection among HIV-positive men who have sex with men. In a retrospective study we analysed the laboratory data of 99 HIV-positive MSM who acquired HCV during the observation period (cases) and 176 HIV-positive MSM who remained HCV negative during the observation period (controls), all followed at the HIV/STI-clinic in Antwerp, Belgium. All laboratory confirmed STI-episodes were recorded since the date of first consultation at our clinic, until the date of HCV-diagnosis of the cases. The HCV incidence varied between 0.24 (2001) and 1.36 (2011) new cases per hundred person-years, with a peak of 2.93 new cases per hundred person-years in 2009. The number of STI-episodes per person-year follow-up was significantly higher for the cases as compared to the controls for syphilis, non-LGV and LGV Chlamydia infections (p HCV conversion, all laboratory confirmed STIs remained more frequent among cases, but only the difference in syphilis incidence was statistically significant (p HCV and should lead to intensified screening for HCV and counselling of the patient. PMID:24635329

  3. Energy saving on wastewater treatment plants through improved online control: case study wastewater treatment plant Antwerp-South.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Gussem, Kris; Fenu, Alessio; Wambecq, Tom; Weemaes, Marjoleine

    2014-01-01

    This work provides a case study on how activated sludge modelling and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can help to optimize the energy consumption of a treatment plant that is already equipped with an advanced control based on online nutrient measurements. Currently, aeration basins on wastewater treatment plant Antwerp-South are operated sequentially while flow direction and point of inflow and outflow vary as a function of time. Activated sludge modelling shows that switching from the existing alternating flow based control to a simultaneous parallel feeding of all aeration tanks saves 1.3% energy. CFD calculations also illustrate that the water velocity is still sufficient if some impellers in the aeration basins are shutdown. The simulations of the Activated Sludge Model No. 2d indicate that the coupling of the aeration control with the impeller control, and automatically switching off some impellers when the aeration is inactive, can save 2.2 to 3.3% of energy without affecting the nutrient removal efficiency. On the other hand, all impellers are needed when the aeration is active to distribute the oxygen.

  4. The relationship between flowering time and growth responses to drought in the Arabidopsis Landsberg erecta x Antwerp-1 population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inga eSchmalenbach

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Limited water availability is one of the most prominent abiotic constraints to plant survival and reproduction. Thus, plants have evolved different strategies to cope with water deficit, including modification of their growth and timing of developmental events such as flowering. In this work, we explore the link between flowering time and growth responses to moderate drought stress in Arabidopsis thaliana using natural variation for these traits found in the Landsberg erecta x Antwerp-1 recombinant inbred line population. We developed and phenotyped near isogenic lines containing different allelic combinations at three interacting quantitative trait loci (QTL affecting both flowering time and growth in response to water deficit. We used these lines to confirm additive and epistatic effects of the three QTL and observed a strong association between late flowering and reduced sensitivity to drought. Analyses of growth responses to drought over time revealed that late flowering plants were able to recover their growth in the second half of their vegetative development. In contrast, early flowering, a common drought escape strategy that ensures plant survival under severe water deficit, was associated with strongly impaired plant fitness. The results presented here indicate that late flowering may be advantageous under continuous mild water deficit as it allows stress acclimatization over time.

  5. Quantitative Evaluation of the Environmental Quality of New Rural Communities-a Case Study of Henan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yichuan Zhang

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The construction of new rural communities is an important measure to promote the integration of urban and rural areas. The environmental quality of new rural communities represents the residential suitability of the communities. The evaluation of the environmental quality can help promote the healthy development of new rural communities. The present study combines AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process and TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Lead Solution for the evaluation and ordering of the environmental quality of 28 new rural communities in Henan Province, China. The AHP model containing four hierarchies is constructed: objective hierarchy, principle hierarchy, index hierarchy and factor hierarchy. The principle hierarchy is composed of 3 factors: social environment, material environment and ecological environment; the index hierarchy consists of 7 factors: service environment, civilized environment, planning environment, architectural environment, facility environment, greening environment, sanitation environment; the factor hierarchy consists of 14 factors: life service, health service, education degree, neighborhood relationship, spatial layout, functional layout, architectural style, architectural functions, infrastructure, public facilities, percentage of green open space, leisure and entertainment facilities, garbage treatment rate and wastewater treatment rate. By AHP model, the weight of the factors in every hierarchy is obtained and TOPSIS is employed for the ordering of the environmental quality of the 28 new rural communities. The results show: in the environmental evaluation, spatial layout, functional layout, architectural functions, infrastructure and neighborhood relationship have a relatively higher weight and more importance should be attached to these respects. The ordering of environmental quality of new rural communities has a high discrimination. The five communities with the highest environmental

  6. Effect of Harvest Time on Yield and Quality of Thymus vulgaris L. Essential Oil in Isfahan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saied Salehi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L. is a perennial sub shrub belonging to family Lamiaceae. Thyme essential oils have been used for many thousands of years, especially in food preservation, pharmaceuticals, alternative medicine and natural therapies. In order to determine the effect of harvest time on quality and quantity of essential oil in thyme, this experiment was done in a randomized complete block design with three replications at research station of Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan (Isfahan during 2010-2011. Plants were harvested in five stages: before blooming, beginning of blooming, 50% blooming, full blooming and fruit set. The essential oils obtained from the phenological stages of thyme were analyzed by using GC/MS. The results obtained in our study showed that the phenological stages had very significant effects (P < 0.01 on essential oil yield and percentage as well as thymol percentage and yield. The highest essential oil content of thyme (2.42% was extracted at the beginning of blooming stage. Analysis and identification of components showed that thymol is the main compound in all samples. The highest thymol content of thyme (74.8% was extracted at the full blooming stage. According to the results of this research, harvesting the thyme at 50% blooming stage have maximum essential oil quality and quantity in Isfahan province.

  7. Influence of Public Service Quality in Citizen Satisfaction (Study in Private Hospital Y in Padang, West Sumatra Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldri Frinaldi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The main problem in public service particularly health care service is the public’s increasing demand for better quality of service. Therefore, hospitals as one of the means of health care providers should be able to increase public satisfaction. This is important to win the trust of patients and/or families of patients who come for treatment. The lack of patients’ satisfaction in the quality of service in hospitals in Indonesia contributes to the Indonesians’ choice of medical treatment abroad. Therefore, the study aims to determine the influence of quality of services provided by the hospital toward patients’ satisfaction. This quantitative research surveyed patients in Hospital Y in Padang city using questionnaire as a research instrument. The population is all the patients and/or families of patients who are served in the hospital during the data collection in the month of May to August 2014. A sample of 100 people was selected using accidental sampling. The collected data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and averages using SPSS version16 for windows. Simple linear regression analysis technique was used for data analysis. Location of the study was a private hospital located in the city of Padang, West Sumatra Province, which in this research is referred as private hospital Y. The results of this study indicates that there is a significant relation between the quality of service to the citizen satisfaction with the regression equation Y = 44.967 + 2.612 X with value of correlation (r = 0.760, and the influence of quality of service to the public satisfaction in 57.8%. Then the results Achievement Level Respondents (TCR in the quality of public services obtained a value of 74.8% with quite good category and to the satisfaction of the public to the TCR value of 75.3%with quite good category. It shows the quality of care in hospitals Y must be improved in order to obtain an increase in user satisfaction of the people who

  8. IMPACT OF MINING WASTES ON GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN THE PROVINCE JERADA (EASTERN MOROCCO)

    OpenAIRE

    BATTIOUI MOUNIA; BENZAZOUA MOSTAPHA; HAKKOU RACHID; BOUZAHZAH HASSAN; JILALI ABDELHAKIM; SBAA MOHAMED

    2013-01-01

    Jerada coal mine is located in north east of Morocco, and closed in late 2001.Today the quantity stored is about 15 to 20 million tonnes. These releases contain significant levels of accompanying elements or secondary minerals such as iron sulfides (pyrite) and their oxidation products.Monitor the groundwater quality was developed in the region in order to assess the quality of these waters and to estimate the risk of contamination. The study focused on 35 wells spread to cover almost all of ...

  9. Impact of marine tourism on the recreational water quality of Muk Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwat Tanyaros

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The characteristics of the water consisting of several parameters in the surrounding area of Muk Island were examined. Reference surface water was also concurrently sampled at stations located outside the recreational area stations. Relative modifications (RM in the recreational area stations water quality were assessed as the difference between the magnitude of a specific parameter recorded at the recreational area stations and the concurrently recorded value of the parameter at the reference station, relative to the mean value at the reference station. In this study, the specific parameters of dissolved oxygen (DO concentration, total suspended solids (TSS, total inorganic nitrogen (TIN = NO-2 + NO-23 + NH+3 and orthophosphate(PO-34 were shown to be significantly modified in December and April, but non-significantly modified inSeptember. The total coliform bacteria (TC and fecal coliform (FC in seawater at the recreational area stations were found to be higher than the coastal water quality standard. With a water quality criteria based coastal water quality standard fortourism, a significant but not dangerous level of pollution was observed in this area. TC and FC were the most significant pollutants in the recreational area stations.

  10. Analysis on Profit Quality of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises: A Case Study of YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling; JIANG; Huawei; LUO

    2013-01-01

    For a long time, under the influence of system and environment and other factors, some small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises in China only seek growth of profit in quantity, but neglect the growth of profit in quality, leading to low profit quality. This study reasonably defines the concept of profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, and expounds general characteristics of high quality profit. On the basis of general factors influencing profit quality of enterprises, it builds indicator system for evaluating the profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. Also, it conducts an empirical analysis on profit quality of Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises with YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province as an example.

  11. Effects of different agricultural systems on soil quality in Northern Limón province, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornwell, Emma

    2014-09-01

    Conversion of native rainforest ecosystems in Limón Province of Costa Rica to banana and pineapple monoculture has led to reductions in biodiversity and soil quality. Agroforestry management of cacao (Theobroma cacao) is an alternative system that may maintain the agricultural livelihood of the region while more closely mimicking native ecosystems. This study compared physical, biological and chemical soil quality indicators of a cacao plantation under organic agroforestry management with banana, pineapple, and pasture systems; a native forest nearby served as a control. For bulk density and earthworm analysis, 18 samples were collected between March and April 2012 from each ecosystem paired with 18 samples from the cacao. Cacao had a lower bulk density than banana and pineapple monocultures, but greater than the forest (p forest and pasture. For soil chemical characteristics, three composite samples were collected in March 2012 from each agroecosystem paired with three samples from the cacao plantation. Forest and pineapple ecosystems had the lowest pH, cation exchange capacity, and exchangeable nutrient cations, while cacao had the greatest (p chemical fertilizer and manure from cattle grazing. Forest and cacao also had greater %C, than other ecosystems, which is directly related to soil organic matter content (p physical, biological and chemical soil characteristics than banana and pineapple monocultures, while trends were less conclusive compared to the pastureland. While organic cacao was inferior to native forest in some soil characteristics such as bulk density and organic carbon, its soil quality did best mimic that of the native forest. This supports the organic cultivation of cacao as a desirable alternative to banana and pineapple monoculture. PMID:25412521

  12. Effects of different agricultural systems on soil quality in Northern Limón province, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornwell, Emma

    2014-09-01

    Conversion of native rainforest ecosystems in Limón Province of Costa Rica to banana and pineapple monoculture has led to reductions in biodiversity and soil quality. Agroforestry management of cacao (Theobroma cacao) is an alternative system that may maintain the agricultural livelihood of the region while more closely mimicking native ecosystems. This study compared physical, biological and chemical soil quality indicators of a cacao plantation under organic agroforestry management with banana, pineapple, and pasture systems; a native forest nearby served as a control. For bulk density and earthworm analysis, 18 samples were collected between March and April 2012 from each ecosystem paired with 18 samples from the cacao. Cacao had a lower bulk density than banana and pineapple monocultures, but greater than the forest (p agroecosystem paired with three samples from the cacao plantation. Forest and pineapple ecosystems had the lowest pH, cation exchange capacity, and exchangeable nutrient cations, while cacao had the greatest (p < 0.05). Total nutrient levels of P and N were slightly greater in banana, pineapple and pasture than in cacao; probably related to addition of chemical fertilizer and manure from cattle grazing. Forest and cacao also had greater %C, than other ecosystems, which is directly related to soil organic matter content (p < 0.0001). Overall, cacao had more favorable physical, biological and chemical soil characteristics than banana and pineapple monocultures, while trends were less conclusive compared to the pastureland. While organic cacao was inferior to native forest in some soil characteristics such as bulk density and organic carbon, its soil quality did best mimic that of the native forest. This supports the organic cultivation of cacao as a desirable alternative to banana and pineapple monoculture.

  13. Impact of marine tourism on the recreational water quality of Muk Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Suwat Tanyaros

    2009-01-01

    The characteristics of the water consisting of several parameters in the surrounding area of Muk Island were examined. Reference surface water was also concurrently sampled at stations located outside the recreational area stations. Relative modifications (RM) in the recreational area stations water quality were assessed as the difference between the magnitude of a specific parameter recorded at the recreational area stations and the concurrently recorded value of the parameter at the referen...

  14. Urban Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in Europe: A Case Study for Antwerp, Berlin and Almada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Catherine; Thomas, Bart

    2014-05-01

    Climate change is driven by global processes such as the global ocean circulation and its variability over time leading to changing weather patterns on regional scales as well as changes in the severity and occurrence of extreme events such as heat waves. For example, the summer 2003 European heat wave caused up to 70.000 excess deaths over four months in Central and Western Europe. As around 75% of Europe's population resides in urban areas, it is of particular relevance to examine the impact of seasonal to decadal-scale climate variability on urban areas and their populations. This study aims at downscaling the spatially coarse resolution CMIP5 climate predictions to the local urban scale and investigating the relation between heat waves and the urban-rural temperature increment (urban heat island effect). The resulting heat stress effect is not only driven by climatic variables but also impacted by urban morphology. Moreover, the exposure varies significantly with the geographical location. All this information is coupled with relevant socio-economic datasets such as population density, age structure, etc. focussing on human health. The analyses are conducted in the framework of the NACLIM FP7 project funded by the European Commission involving local stakeholders such as the cities of Antwerp (BE), Berlin (DE) and Almada (PT) represented by different climate and urban characteristics. The end-user needs have been consolidated in a climate services plan including the production of heat risk exposure maps and the analysis of various scenarios considering e.g. the uncertainty of the global climate predictions, urban expansion over time and the impact of mitigation measures such as green roofs. The results of this study will allow urban planners and policy makers facing the challenges of climate change and develop sound strategies for the design and management of climate resilient cities.

  15. Soil Quality Assessment of Acid Sulfate Paddy Soils with Different Productivities in Guangdong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zhan-jun; ZHOU Wei; SHEN Jian-bo; LI Shu-tian; LIANG Guo-qing; WANG Xiu-bin; SUN Jing-wen; AI Chao

    2014-01-01

    Land conversion is considered an effective measure to ensure national food security in China, but little information is available on the quality of low productivity soils, in particular those in acid sulfate soil regions. In our study, acid sulfate paddy soils were divided into soils with high, medium and low levels based on local rice productivity, and 60 soil samples were collected for analysis. Twenty soil variables including physical, chemical and biochemical properties were determined. Those variables that were signiifcantly different between the high, medium and low productivity soils were selected for principal component analysis, and microbial biomass carbon (MBC), total nitrogen (TN), available silicon (ASi), pH and available zinc (AZn) were retained in the minimum data set (MDS). After scoring the MDS variables, they were integrated to calculate a soil quality index (SQI), and the high, medium and low productivity paddy soils received mean SQI scores of 0.95, 0.83 and 0.60, respectively. Low productivity paddy soils showed worse soil quality, and a large discrepancy was observed between the low and high productivity paddy soils. Lower MBC, TN, ASi, pH and available K (AK) were considered as the primary limiting factors. Additionally, all the soil samples collected were rich in available P and AZn, but deifcient in AK and ASi. The results suggest that soil AK and ASi deifciencies were the main limiting factors for all the studied acid sulfate paddy soil regions. The application of K and Si on a national basis and other sustainable management approaches are suggested to improve rice productivity, especially for low productivity paddy soils. Our results indicated that there is a large potential for increasing productivity and producing more cereals in acid sulfate paddy soil regions.

  16. The effects of haze on dew quality in the urban ecosystem of Changchun, Jilin Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yingying; Zhu, Hui; Tang, Jie

    2016-02-01

    Dew samples were collected during both normal weather and haze events (hazy days) to investigate the chemical characteristics of dew in Changchun, Jilin, China, from 2013 to 2015. The analysis included measures of the following parameters: pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solid (TDS), and the concentration of PM2.5, PM10, major cations (NH4(+), Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), and Mg(2+)), and major anions (F(-), Cl(-), SO4 (2-), and NO3(-)). The results demonstrated that dew water quality from hazy days was much lower quality than that on normal days with a lower mean pH during hazy days (5.75) when compared with that of normal days (6.56); that is, dew water was more acidic in stable atmospheric conditions. Both EC (542.71 μs/cm) and TDS (271.36 mg/L) of dew on hazy days were higher than that on normal days. The mean concentration of particulate matter waste gas emissions, while to a lesser extent dew did scavenge some water-soluble crustal ions. PMID:26832721

  17. Evaluation of the Water Quality Pollution Indices for Groundwater Resources of Ghahavand Plain, Hamadan Province, Western Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheil Sobhanardakani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to the increasing pollution of water resources, this study was carried out for evaluation of water quality pollution indices for monitoring of heavy metals (As, Zn, Pb and Cu contamination in Ghahavand Plain, Hamadan Province, Western Iran during spring and summer 2012. Methods: Totally, 20 ground water wells were chosen randomly. The samples were filtered (0.45 μm and maintained cool in polyethylene bottles. Samples were taken for the analysis of metals, the former was acidified with HNO3 to pH lower than 2. Metal concentrations were determined using ICP-OES. Results: The mean values of Contamination index (Cd, Heavy metal pollution index (HPI and Heavy metal evaluation index (HEI in samples for spring season were -2.27, 9.01 and 1.73 respectively and in samples for summer season were -1.95, 8.69 and 2.04 respectively. It indicates low contamination levels. Comparing the mean concentrations of the evaluated metals with WHO permissible limits showed a significant difference (P<0.05. Conclusion: The mean concentrations of the metals were significantly lower than the permissible limits. Although the heavy metal pollution of the ground water in Ghahavand Plain is lower than WHO permissible limits, but severe precautions consideration such as manage the use of agricultural inputs, prevention of use of wastewater and sewage sludge in agriculture, control of overuse of organic fertilizers and establishment of pollutant industries are recommended in this area.

  18. Hydrogeochemistry and water quality assessment of the Kor-Sivand Basin, Fars province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasouli, Fatemeh; Kiani Pouya, Ali; Cheraghi, Seyed Ali Mohammad

    2012-08-01

    In order to assess the quality and suitability of waters in the Kor-Sivand river basin, 60 water samples from the Kor river and 90 water samples from wells in the basin were studied. Assessments were based on Piper's and Gibbs' diagrams for water quality, Food and Agricultural Organization's (FAO) guidelines, and US Salinity Laboratory diagram for water suitability. The results showed that the river water is of Ca-HCO(3) type, while well water is of Ca-Cl and Na-Cl type. Based on Gibbs' diagram, the source of soluble ions in the river water samples is the weathering of stones over which water flows, while evaporation was found to be the dominant process in the ion concentration of the well samples. According to the FAO Guidelines, the salinity of surface water for irrigation did not cause great restrictions; however, many of these waters could create potential permeability problems. In the groundwater samples, a high salt concentration is more important than the infiltration problem. Mg hazard values at some sites limit its use for agricultural purposes. One third of the river water samples and two thirds of well waters had more than 50% magnesium. Saturation indices showed that 94% of the analyzed water samples are supersaturated with calcite, aragonite, and dolomite. Based on the US Salinity Laboratory diagram, river water samples were classified as C(2)S(1) and C(3)S(1), while C(4)S(3), C(4)S(4), C(2)S(1), and C(3)S(1) were the most dominant classes in well samples. Some management practices necessary for sustainable development of water resources in the study area were discussed briefly, including appropriate selection of crops, adequate drainage, leaching, blending and cyclic use of saline water, proper irrigation method, and addition of soil amendment. PMID:21927789

  19. Effect of intensive blood glucose control on quality of life in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qiu; ZHANG Nan; HU Hong-lin; HE Yong; CHEN Ming-wei; WANG Xiu-yan; YANG Ming-gong; LI Jun

    2011-01-01

    Background Intensive blood glucose control is proven to be associated with the diabetic microvascular and macrovascular complications, which could affect quality of life (QOL). This study was performed to determine the effects of intensive glucose control therapy on QOL of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province.Methods Ninety-seven elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui were randomly assigned to standard treatment group and intensive therapy group. All patients were followed up for five years on average. Correlated information has been collected during the regular follow-up.Results Patients with microvascular complications reported significantly lower European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) scores and had more problems with usual activities, pain and anxiety than those without complications (P <0.05).Patients having experienced hypoglycemic episodes had significantly more problems with anxiety than those without hypoglycemic episodes (P <0.05). No significant difference was detected in all dimensions in quality of life, as well as in Visual Analog Scale score between two groups (P >0.05). There was no significant difference in quality of life at the fifth year compared with that of the first year in both groups. Women had more feelings of pain and anxiety than men (P <0.05)and longer disease course was associated with increased levels of pain and anxiety (P <0.05), as well as with lower QOL.In addition, patients with higher body mass index (BMI) had more problems with daily activities than patients with lower BMI (P <0.05).Conclusions Anxiety is common in elderly diabetic patients and they experienced frequent hypoglycemic episodes.Diabetic vascular complications significantly affect QOL of the patients. Intensive glucose control has no significant effect on QOL of the diabetic patients. Female, older age, long disease course, less education and high BMI are all factors caused reduced QOL and patients with these factors

  20. 云南省抗疟药品质量状况分析%Quality analysis of anti-malarials drug in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭志鑫; 姜典财; 黄志禄; 范兵; 李哲媛; 刘继华; 王幸

    2011-01-01

    本文通过对云南省流通领域抗疟药的抽样、检验和结果分析,考察云南省市场流通的抗疟药品质V状况,探讨我国抗疟药目前存在的主要质量问题,并提出对策和建议.%By analysis of the sampling and testing result of anti - malarials in Yunnan Province, the quality of markted anti - malarials in Yunnan Province were studied, and main quality problems currently existed of anti - malarials in China were discussed, also some suggestions and strategies were presented.

  1. Studies on the bacteriological qualities of the Buffalo River and three source water dams along its course in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Chigor, Vincent N.; Sibanda, Timothy; Okoh, Anthony I.

    2012-01-01

    The Buffalo River and its dams are major surface water sources used for fresh produce irrigation, raw water abstraction and recreation in parts of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. Over a 12-month period (August 2010 to July 2011), we assessed the bacteriological qualities of water from the river and 3 source water dams along its course. Faecal indicator bacteria (FIB), including total coliform (TC), faecal coliform (FC) and enterococci (ENT) counts, were high and ranged as follows: ...

  2. Microbiological quality of swimming-pool waters in the province of Badajoz (Spain); Calidad microbiologica de las aguas de piscina en la provinca de Badajoz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villalba Doblas, A. M.; Ambel Carracedo, M. P.; Cobos Rodriguez, J. G.

    2006-07-01

    The object of the actual work is to evaluate the microbiological quality of swimming pool waters in the province of Badajoz, 79 samples in 33 cities, according to criteria required by the Decreto 54/2002 of the Comunidad Autonoma of Extremadura. the work describes the possible origins of the pollution in the swimming-pool waters and the risks. The parameters analyzed were Termotolerant Coliforms, Faecal streptococci, S. aureus, P. aerogenes, Sulphate reducing bacteria and Salmonella spp. Results show that 62% of these fulfil microbiological quality criteria. the presence of Sulphate reducing bacteria was found in 24% of the samples, and P. aerogenes was detected in 16% of them. (Author) 20 refs.

  3. Comparative Analysis and Comprehensive Evaluation of Fishery Water Quality of the Major Lakes in Jiangsu Province Based on Long-term Monitoring Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; WANG; Xiangke; FAN; Chungui; HUANG; Hao; ZHENG; Zhijun; CHEN; Baohong; FAN; Chenwu; XU

    2015-01-01

    The variance analysis of fishery water quality data of five lakes from 2001 to 2011( except 2004) was performed to compare the difference of the monitoring indicators among the five above-mentioned lakes in Jiangsu Province. And TOPSIS method was employed to give comprehensive comparison of water quality of the five lakes. The results indicated that the difference of 14 major water quality indicators was very significant among lakes except copper. In addition,transparency,total nitrogen,total phosphorus had very significant difference among stations for each lake; p H,chemical oxygen demand,oil,total phosphorus,lead,cadmium,mercury had significant or very significant difference among years for each station. The TOPSIS results showed that the fishery water quality of Gaobaoshaobo Lake was the best,and Luoma Lake was just second to it,followed by Hongze Lake,Taihu Lake and Gehu Lake. In combination with the geographic position of each lake,it showed that fishery water quality of the five investigated lakes was basically increasingly better from the south to the north in Jiangsu Province,and the trend revealed high association with the developed industrial economy.

  4. Quality of obstetric referral services in India's JSY cash transfer programme for institutional births: a study from Madhya Pradesh province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarika Chaturvedi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: India launched JSY cash transfer programme to increase access to emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC by incentivising in-facility births. This increased in-facility births from 30%in 2005 to 73% in 2012 however, decline in maternal mortality follows a secular trend. Dysfunctional referral services can contribute to poor programme impact on outcomes. We hence describe inter- facility referrals and study quality of referral services in JSY. METHODS AND RESULTS: Women accessing intra natal care (n = 1182 at facilities (reporting >10 deliveries/month, n = 96 were interviewed in a 5 day cross sectional survey in 3 districts of Madhya Pradesh province. A nested matched case control study (n = 68 pairs was performed to study association between maternal referral and adverse birth outcomes. There were 111 (9.4% in referrals and 69 (5.8% out referrals. Secondary level facilities sent most referrals and 40% were for conditions expected to be treated at this level. There were 36 adverse birth outcomes (intra partum and in-facility deaths. After matching for type of complication and place of delivery, conditional logistic regression model showed maternal referral at term delivery was associated with higher odds of adverse birth outcomes (OR- 2.6, 95% CI: 1.0-6.6 p = 0.04. Maternal death record review (April 10-March 12 was conducted at the CEmOC facility in one district. Spatial analysis of transfer time from sending to the receiving CEmOC facility among in-facility maternal deaths was conducted in ArcGIS10 applying two hours (equated to 100 Km as desired transfer time. There were 124 maternal deaths, 55 of which were among mothers referred in. Buffer analysis revealed 98% mothers were referred from <2 hours. Median time between arrival and death was 6.75 hours. CONCLUSIONS: High odds of adverse birth outcomes associated with maternal referral and high maternal deaths despite spatial access to referral care indicate poor

  5. Irritable bowel syndrome consulters in Zhejiang province:The symptoms pattern,predominant bowel habit subgroups and quality of life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Min Si; Liang-Jing Wang; Shu-Jie Chen; Lei-Min Sun; Ning Dai

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the pattern of symptoms, predominant bowel habits and quality of life (QOL) by the Chinese version of the SF-36 in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) consulters in Zhejiang province.METHODS: From January 2001 to January 2002, 662 Roma Ⅱ criteria-positive IBS patients were enrolled by gastroenterologists in 10 hospitals from Digestive Disease Center of Zhejiang (DDCZ). Patients were classified into constipation predominant IBS (IBS-C), diarrhea predominant IBS (IBS-D) and alternating constipation and diarrhea IBS (IBS-A) according to the predominant bowel habits. All patients were evaluated for the demographic checklists, IBS bowel symptoms, extra-colonic symptoms, and QOL by Chinese version of the SF-36 questionnaire.RESULTS: (1) Besides abdominal pain, the predominant colonic symptoms were in order of altered stool form,abnormalities of stool passage, abdominal distension and passage of mucus in IBS patients. Also, IBS subjects reported generalized body discomfort and psychosocial problems including dyspeptic symptoms, poor appetite, heartburn,headache, back pain, difficulty with urination, fatigue, anxiety and depression. (2) IBS-C and IBS-A are more common among female patients, whereas male patients experiencedmore cases of IBS-D. In regards to the IBS symptoms, there were significant differences among IBS subgroups.Abdominal pain (frequency ≥2 days per week and duration ≥ 1 hour per day) was frequent in IBS-A patients (P=0.010and 0.027, respectively), IBS-D patients more frequently experienced the passage of mucus, dyspeptic symptoms and anxiety (P=0.000, 0.014 and 0.015, respectively). (3)IBS patients experienced significant impairment in QOL,decrements in QOL were most pronounced in vitality, general health, mental health, and bodily pain. Compared with the general population (adjusted for gender and age), IBS patientsscored significantly lower on all SF-scales (P<0.001), except for physical function scale (P=0.149). (4) QOL was

  6. Exploring quality of life among the elderly in Hai Duong province, Vietnam: a rural–urban dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thanh Huong

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Quality of life (QoL is an important health index for the elderly, necessary for assessing interventions, and prioritising medical and social care needs. As the ageing population in Vietnam continues to increase, understanding important dimensions of QoL for the elderly is essential. There is a paucity of research in this area, however, and the available literature focuses on functional capacities. The purpose of this article is to explore perceptions on the dimensions of QoL among the elderly in Vietnam, to use these perceptions to broaden the concept, and to explore similarities and differences between those living in urban compared to rural areas. Method: Qualitative methods included in-depth interviews (IDI with experts in ageing and elderly persons, as well as focus group discussions (FGDs in three communes in Hai Duong province. IDIs and FGDs were recorded and transcribed. NVivo software was used to analyse the data. Results: Thematic analysis identified physical, psychological, social, environmental, religious, and economic as important dimensions of QoL. For elderly participants in both urban and rural areas, physical health, social relations, finances and economics, the physical and social environment, and psychological health were reported as important. Rural participants also identified religious practice as an important dimension of QoL. In terms of relationships, the elderly in urban areas prioritised those with their children, while the elderly in rural areas focussed their concerns on community relationships and economic conditions. Conclusion: Isolating individual factors that contribute to QoL among the elderly is difficult given the inter-relations and rich cross-linkages between themes. Elderly participants in urban and rural areas broadly shared perspectives on the themes identified, in particular social relationships, but their experiences diverged around issues surrounding finances and economics, their

  7. Study of a unique 16th century Antwerp majolica floor in the Rameyenhof castle's chapel by means of X-ray fluorescence and portable Raman analytical instrumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van de Voorde, Lien, E-mail: lien.vandevoorde@ugent.be [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Vandevijvere, Melissa [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); University of Antwerp, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Conservation Studies, Centre for Conservation Research (CCR), Blindestraat 9, 2000 Antwerp (Belgium); University of Antwerp, Department of Chemistry, X-ray and Instrumentation Lab (AXI2L), Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Vekemans, Bart [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Van Pevenage, Jolien [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Raman Spectroscopy Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Caen, Joost [University of Antwerp, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Conservation Studies, Centre for Conservation Research (CCR), Blindestraat 9, 2000 Antwerp (Belgium); Vandenabeele, Peter [Ghent University, Department of Archaeology, Archaeometry Research Group, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 35, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Van Espen, Piet [University of Antwerp, Department of Chemistry, X-ray and Instrumentation Lab (AXI2L), Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Vincze, Laszlo [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

    2014-12-01

    The most unique and only known 16th century Antwerp majolica tile floor in Belgium is situated in a tower of the Rameyenhof castle (Gestel, Belgium). This exceptional work of art has recently been investigated in situ by using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and Raman spectroscopy in order to study the material characteristics. This study reports on the result of the analyses based on the novel combination of non-destructive and portable instrumentation, including a handheld XRF spectrometer for obtaining elemental information and a mobile Raman spectrometer for retrieving structural and molecular information on the floor tiles in the Rameyenhof castle and on a second, similar medallion, which is stored in the Rubens House museum in Antwerp (Belgium). The investigated material, majolica, is a type of ceramic, which fascinated many people and potters throughout history by its beauty and colourful appearance. In this study the characteristic major/minor and trace element signature of 16th century Antwerp majolica is determined and the pigments used for the colourful paintings present on the floor are identified. Furthermore, based on the elemental fingerprint of the white glaze, and in particular on the presence of zinc in the tiles – an element that was not used for making 16th century majolica – valuable information about the originality of the chapel floor and the two central medallions is acquired. - Highlights: • In situ, non-destructive investigation of a unique Antwerp majolica floor • Multi-methodological approach: make use of a mobile Raman and X-ray spectrometer • Obtaining information about layered structure of Antwerp majolica • The used pigments in the majolica floor in Rameyenhof castle are characterized. • The verification of the authenticity of the floor and two central medallions are performed.

  8. Community perception of quality of (primary) health care services in a rural area of Limpopo Province, South Africa: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashego, T A B; Peltzer, K

    2005-05-01

    The aim of the study was to survey perceptions of quality of (primary) health care services provided in rural communities in the Limpopo province. Ten focus groups discussions were held with community members chosen by convenience from public places from four villages in the central region of the Limpopo Province. The sample included 42 women and 34 men (76 participants). Results indicated perceived quality discussed within the following categories: (1) conduct of staff (reception, communication, discrimination, care and compassion, respect for privacy), (2) technical care (examination, explanation of treatment, responsiveness, treatment outcomes), (3) health care facility, (4) health care organisation, (5) drugs (availability, explanation, effectiveness, payment), and (6) waiting time. The findings suggest some satisfaction with free basic and preventive health care and social services provided but there is a need to look closely into the interpersonal dimension of the services provided, provision of medication with adequate explanation to patients on the medication given, and on structural aspects, there is need for the government to give support to the clinics to provide adequate services. Improving drug availability, interpersonal skills (including attitudes towards patients) and technical care have been identified as the three main priorities for enhancing perceived quality of primary health care and health policy action. PMID:16045107

  9. Community perception of quality of (primary health care services in a rural area of Limpopo Province, South Africa: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T-AB Mashego

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to survey perceptions of quality of (primary health care services provided in rural communities in the Limpopo province. Ten focus groups discussions were held with community members chosen by convenience from public places from four villages in the central region of the Limpopo Province. The sample included 42 women and 34 men (76 participants. Results indicated perceived quality discussed within the following categories: (1 conduct of staff (reception, communication, discrimination, care and compassion, respect for privacy, (2 technical care (examination, explanation of treatment, responsiveness, treatment outcomes, (3 health care facility, (4 health care organisation, (5 drugs (availability, explanation, effectiveness, payment, and (6 waiting time. The findings suggest some satisfaction with free basic and preventive health care and social services provided but there is a need to look closely into the interpersonal dimension of the services provided, provision of medication with adequate explanation to patients on the medication given, and on structural aspects, there is need for the government to give support to the clinics to provide adequate services. Improving drug availability, interpersonal skills (including attitudes towards patients and technical care have been identified as the three main priorities for enhancing perceived quality of primary health care and health policy action.

  10. Research on the Consumers Willingness to Buy Traceable Pork with Different Quality Information:A Case Study of Consumers in Weifang, Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan; BU; Dian; ZHU; Linhai; WU

    2013-01-01

    The traceability system can effectively reduce the food safety risks, however, it is confronted with various problems during its implementation. In this context, the paper carries out a case study of consumers in Weifang, Shandong Province, and studies their willingness to pay the traceable pork with different quality information. The results indicate that, the consumers show high expectations towards the introduction of traceability system, and they tend to buy the traceable pork only with breeding and slaughter information; their behaviors of purchase are greatly influenced by the following factors: the consumers education, age, income, attention on food safety and whether there are pregnant family members, etc..

  11. Effect of Dietary Sodium Nitrate Consumption on Egg Production, Egg Quality Characteristics and Some Blood Indices in Native Hens of West Azarbaijan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Safary, H.; Daneshyar, M.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of sodium nitrate consumption on egg quality and quantity, and some blood parameters of native breeder hens of West Azerbaijan province. One hundred native hens were used from wk 25 to 32 of age. These birds were divided into two groups. One group was fed the control diet (CD) but the other fed the same diet supplemented with 4.2 g/kg sodium nitrate (ND). After 2 wks of adaptation, eggs were collected daily and egg mass and egg production were m...

  12. Three-dimensional water quality model based on FVCOM for total load control management in Guan River Estuary, Northern Jiangsu Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li; Lin, Weibo; Li, Keqiang; Sheng, Jianming; Wei, Aihong; Luo, Feng; Wang, Yan; Wang, Xiulin; Zhang, Longjun

    2016-04-01

    Guan River Estuary and adjacent coastal area (GREC) suffer from serious pollution and eutrophicational problems over the recent years. Thus, reducing the land-based load through the national pollutant total load control program and developing hydrodynamic and water quality models that can simulate the complex circulation and water quality kinetics within the system, including longitudinal and lateral variations in nutrient and COD concentrations, is a matter of urgency. In this study, a three-dimensional, hydrodynamic, water quality model was developed in GREC, Northern Jiangsu Province. The complex three-dimensional hydrodynamics of GREC were modeled using the unstructured-grid, finite-volume, free-surface, primitive equation coastal ocean circulation model (FVCOM). The water quality model was adapted from the mesocosm nutrients dynamic model in the south Yellow Sea and considers eight compartments: dissolved inorganic nitrogen, soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP), phytoplankton, zooplankton, detritus, dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP), and chemical oxygen demand. The hydrodynamic and water quality models were calibrated and confirmed for 2012 and 2013. A comparison of the model simulations with extensive dataset shows that the models accurately simulate the longitudinal distribution of the hydrodynamics and water quality. The model can be used for total load control management to improve water quality in this area.

  13. Status and understanding of groundwater quality in the San Diego Drainages Hydrogeologic Province, 2004: California GAMA Priority Basin Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Michael T.; Belitz, Kenneth

    2011-01-01

    Groundwater quality in the approximately 3,900-square-mile (mi2) San Diego Drainages Hydrogeologic Province (hereinafter San Diego) study unit was investigated from May through July 2004 as part of the Priority Basin Project of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The study unit is located in southwestern California in the counties of San Diego, Riverside, and Orange. The GAMA Priority Basin Project is being conducted by the California State Water Resources Control Board in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The GAMA San Diego study was designed to provide a statistically robust assessment of untreated-groundwater quality within the primary aquifer systems. The assessment is based on water-quality and ancillary data collected by the USGS from 58 wells in 2004 and water-quality data from the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) database. The primary aquifer systems (hereinafter referred to as the primary aquifers) were defined by the depth interval of the wells listed in the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) database for the San Diego study unit. The San Diego study unit consisted of four study areas: Temecula Valley (140 mi2), Warner Valley (34 mi2), Alluvial Basins (166 mi2), and Hard Rock (850 mi2). The quality of groundwater in shallow or deep water-bearing zones may differ from that in the primary aquifers. For example, shallow groundwater may be more vulnerable to surficial contamination than groundwater in deep water-bearing zones. This study had two components: the status assessment and the understanding assessment. The first component of this study-the status assessment of the current quality of the groundwater resource-was assessed by using data from samples analyzed for volatile organic compounds (VOC), pesticides, and naturally occurring inorganic constituents, such as major ions and trace elements. The status assessment is intended to

  14. 滇中胭脂虫虫体质量评估%Quality Assessment of Cochineal Cultivated in Middle Area of Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭元亨; 郑华; 马李一; 张弘; 李坤; 涂行浩

    2012-01-01

    为评估我国引进胭脂虫(Dactylopius coccus Costa)的质量,本研究通过比较滇中胭脂虫与秘鲁胭脂虫的堆密度、单重虫粒数、吸水率及体积膨胀率,并分析两地胭脂虫干虫体中四氯化碳提取物、乙醇提取物、石油醚提取物、总蛋白质、胭脂红酸、不溶性糖类及灰分等主要化学组分的含量,评估了我国滇中地区繁养的胭脂虫质量.结果显示,滇中胭脂虫与秘鲁胭脂虫相比,除堆密度含量差异较小外,其余物理参数和主要化学组分差异性均较大,但滇中地区繁养的胭脂虫作为生产加工胭脂红酸的原料,仍具有较高的开发利用价值.%The aim of this research was to assess the quality of the cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa) which cultivated in middle area of Yunnan Province. The bulk density, insect numbers per gram, water absorption and expansivity, as well as main chemical composition of the cochineal that cultivated in middle area of Yunnan Province were compared with the cochineal cualtivated in Peru. The results showed that significant differences exist between cochineal cultivated in middle area of Yunnan Province and in Peru, except bulk density. Cochineal cultivated in middle area of Yunnan Province can be also used for making carminic acid.

  15. Improving the Quality of Urban Space and Shaping the Characteristics of Urban Culture: Under the Rapid Urbanization Phase of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou; Lan; Yu; Chun; Zhang; Qingfei

    2015-01-01

    China is currently undergoing the most inf luential urbanization phase in its history, and this process will probably last for a few decades to come. Along with the accelerated urbanization, the quality of development has been elevated to an equal position with the quantity. Being one of the most developed and best urbanized provinces in China, Jiangsu has achieved an urbanization rate of 57%. Dealing with large construction scales, Jiangsu is presently striving to improve the quality of its urban space, and to elevate human settlements to a higher level. By contextualizing Jiangsu’s urbanization within a certain development stage and a specif ic historical era, the paper proposes the overall idea and action strategies for improving the quality of urban space, on the basis of the analysis on contemporary cultural pursuits. It aims at changing the current situation of "one outlook for thousands of cities," improving the quality of urban space and the competitiveness of urban culture, and eventually creating better human settlements and a harmonious society.

  16. Research on Tour Guide Service Quality Perception of Tourists to Yunnan Province%云南省导游服务质量感知研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈阳; 谢朝武

    2015-01-01

    After the implementation of the Tourism Law, malignant tour guide events made a comeback and continued despite repeated prohibitions. Based on Ctrip data source, this paper collects 636 tourists’ comments on package tour products of Yunnan province during October 1,2013 to March 1,2015.By using qualitative analysis based on the Grounded Theory, which includes open coding, axial coding and selective coding, this paper structures tour guide service quality perception dimensions. Secondly, by using optimal scaling analysis, this paper points out the perception of tour guide service quality in the online package tour products from tourists travel to tourism element places of Yunnan province with measures to optimize the tour guide service quality in Yunnan province.%《旅游法》实施之后,云南省恶性导游事件卷土重来、屡禁不止。本文选取携程网作为数据来源网站,以云南省为案例地,选取《旅游法》实施之后自2013年10月1日至2015年3月1日的636条游客对跟团游产品导游服务质量的评论资料,分别涉及318条纯玩团评论资料和318条购物团评论资料。首先采用扎根理论法,经过三级编码过程,对它们进行概念和范畴提炼,构建了云南省在线跟团游产品的导游服务质量感知维度,并解构了游客的评论重点和导游服务质量的感知概况。其次采用最优尺度下的多重对应分析方法,分别对涉及云南省旅游要素场所的134条纯玩团和134条购物团的导游服务质量评论进行分析,得出游客对云南省旅游要素场所的导游服务质量感知情况。据此,提出了云南省导游服务质量的优化管理对策。

  17. Analysis of Shaanxi Province's Environmental Quality with the Environmental Kuznets Curve%陕西环境质量的库兹涅茨曲线分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亲脑; 宋元梁

    2012-01-01

    工业化过程中的经济快速增长对生态环境带来很大破坏,继而影响经济持续增长.本文以陕西为例,实证分析了其经济增长与环境质量之间的关系,得出陕西工业“三废”与人均GDP之间并未呈现典型的倒U型库兹涅茨曲线的悖论,并据此提出加强环境治理、走新型工业化路子等对策建议,这对全国其他地区都有着重要的借鉴意义.%Rapid economic growth in the process of industrialization has done great damage to the ecological environment, which in turn, affects the sustained economic growth. This paper makes an empirical analysis of the relationship between the economic growth of Shaanxi Province and her environmental quality, leading to the conclusion that the paradox between the three kinds of industrial waste and the GDP per capita does not show the typical inverted U-shaped Kuznets curve. Based on theconclusion,countermeasures are put forward-strengthening environmental management and taking anew way to industrialization. The study will provide a valuabe reference for other provinces.

  18. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musran Munizu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery companies in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Random sampling is used in the study. 55 complete questionnaires were returned as a final sample. Three hypotheses have been developed through literature review and tested using Path Analysis performed by SPSS 18.00 software. The results show that TQM practices have positive and significant effect both on organizational performance and competitive advantage. Competitive advantage has a positive and significant effect on organizational performance. Organizational performance is more influenced by competitive advantage than TQM practices.

  19. Evaluation of water quality in surface water and shallow groundwater: a case study of a rare earth mining area in southern Jiangxi Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Xiuzhen; Wang, Dengjun; Wang, Peiran; Wang, Yuxia; Zhou, Dongmei

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the quality of surface water and shallow groundwater near a rare earth mining area in southern Jiangxi Province, China. Water samples from paddy fields, ponds, streams, wells, and springs were collected and analyzed. The results showed that water bodies were characterized by low pH and high concentrations of total nitrogen (total N), ammonium nitrogen (NH4 (+)-N), manganese (Mn), and rare earth elements (REEs), which was likely due to residual chemicals in the soil after mining activity. A comparison with the surface water standard (State Environmental Protection Administration & General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China GB3838, 2002) and drinking water sanitary standard (Ministry of Health & National Standardization Management Committee of China GB5749, 2006) of China revealed that 88 % of pond and stream water samples investigated were unsuitable for agricultural use and aquaculture water supply, and 50 % of well and spring water samples were unsuitable for drinking water. Moreover, significant cerium (Ce) negative and heavy REEs enrichment was observed after the data were normalized to the Post-Archean Australian Shales (PAAS). Principal component analysis indicated that the mining activity had a more significant impact on local water quality than terrace field farming and poultry breeding activities. Moreover, greater risk of water pollution and adverse effects on local residents' health was observed with closer proximity to mining sites. Overall, these findings indicate that effective measures to prevent contamination of surrounding water bodies from the effects of mining activity are needed.

  20. Evaluation of water quality in surface water and shallow groundwater: a case study of a rare earth mining area in southern Jiangxi Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Xiuzhen; Wang, Dengjun; Wang, Peiran; Wang, Yuxia; Zhou, Dongmei

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the quality of surface water and shallow groundwater near a rare earth mining area in southern Jiangxi Province, China. Water samples from paddy fields, ponds, streams, wells, and springs were collected and analyzed. The results showed that water bodies were characterized by low pH and high concentrations of total nitrogen (total N), ammonium nitrogen (NH4 (+)-N), manganese (Mn), and rare earth elements (REEs), which was likely due to residual chemicals in the soil after mining activity. A comparison with the surface water standard (State Environmental Protection Administration & General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China GB3838, 2002) and drinking water sanitary standard (Ministry of Health & National Standardization Management Committee of China GB5749, 2006) of China revealed that 88 % of pond and stream water samples investigated were unsuitable for agricultural use and aquaculture water supply, and 50 % of well and spring water samples were unsuitable for drinking water. Moreover, significant cerium (Ce) negative and heavy REEs enrichment was observed after the data were normalized to the Post-Archean Australian Shales (PAAS). Principal component analysis indicated that the mining activity had a more significant impact on local water quality than terrace field farming and poultry breeding activities. Moreover, greater risk of water pollution and adverse effects on local residents' health was observed with closer proximity to mining sites. Overall, these findings indicate that effective measures to prevent contamination of surrounding water bodies from the effects of mining activity are needed. PMID:26661960

  1. The Fuzzy Synthesizing Evaluation of City's Environmental Quality Based on GIOWA Operator: A Case of 13 Cities of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai Xianchun; Ling Kang; Guo Cunzhi

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the generally induced ordered weighted averaging (GIOWA) operator is used to construct the fuzzy evaluating system of the quality of a city's environment including air, water and noise.Based on the part data of air, water and noise of the 13 cities under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu provincial government in 2002, a case study is given. The evaluating results show that the evaluating system of the quality of a city's environment based on the GIOWA operator can reflect the condition of pollution controlled and environmental quality of a city in a period of time.

  2. Relationship between Internal Quality Audit and Quality Culture toward Implementation Consistency of ISO 9000 in Private College of Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mail, Abdul; Pratikto; Suparman, Sudjito; Purnomo; Santoso, Budi

    2014-01-01

    The study aims to find out the influence of internal quality process on the growth of quality culture in private college. This study is treated toward 178 lecturers of 25 private colleges in Sulawesi, Indonesia by means of questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis applied to assess the reliability of validity and measurement model. Relationship…

  3. Quality of life and related factors among HIV-positive spouses from serodiscordant couples under antiretroviral therapy in Henan Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duo Shan

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the quality of life and related factors in HIV-positive spouses undergoing ART from discordant couples. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,009 HIV-positive spouses from serodiscordant couples in Zhumadian, Henan Province, between October 1, 2008 and March 31, 2009. HIV-positive spouses were interviewed by local health professionals. Quality of life was evaluated by WHOQOL (Chinese Version. A multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the related factors. RESULTS: The majority of subjects were female (56.39%, had received a high school education (44%, were of Han ethnicity (98.41%, and were farmers (90.09%; the median time period of receiving ART was 3.92 years. The physical, psychological, social, and environmental QOL scores of the subjects were 12.91±1.95, 12.35±1.80, 13.96±2.43, and 12.45±1.91 respectively. The multiple linear regression model identified the physical domain related factors to be CD4 count, educational level, and occupation; psychological domain related factors include age, educational level, and reported STD symptom; social domain related factors included education level; and environmental domain related factors included education level, reported STD symptoms, and occupation. CONCLUSION: Being younger, a farmer, having a lower level of education, a reported STD symptom, or lower CD4 count, could decrease one's quality of life, suggesting that the use of blanket ART programs alone may not necessarily improve quality of life. Subjects received lower scores in the psychological domain, suggesting that psychological intervention may also need to be strengthened.

  4. Assessment of water quality in coastal water areas of Jiangsu Province%江苏近海水域水环境质量现状评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾莉; 华祖林; 树锦; 褚克坚; 荣金

    2012-01-01

    根据2006年7月对江苏近海水域水环境调查的资料,对江苏近海的水质进行评价.结果表明:江苏近海水域pH、活性磷酸盐、砷、铜、镉、锌、总铬等指标均达到GB 3097-1997《海水水质标准》中Ⅱ类水质标准,但是溶解氧、总磷、总氮与铅超标率较高,超标率分别达到79.10%,54.35%,34.15%和41.46%,无机氮和汞浓度超标率较低.此外,海水中还有轻微的油污染.从北至南3个海域中海州湾水质相对较好,辐射沙洲与长江口北支海域污染较为严重,并且辐射沙洲海域超标站位分布凌乱,无规律可循.%Based on a survey of the marine environment in the coastal water areas of Jiangsu Province in July of 2006, an assessment of the quality of coastal water in Jiangsu Province was conducted. The results show that indices including pH, active phosphate, As, Cu, Cd, Zn, and total chromium all reached the Grade II standard of the National Marine Water Quality Standards (GB 3097-1997). However, the concentrations of DO, TP, TN, and Pb exceeded the Grade Ⅱ standard, by 79.10%, 54.35%, 34.15%, and 41.46%, respectively. The concentrations of inorganic nitrogen and Hg had relatively low standard-exceeding rates. In addition, the marine water was slightly polluted by oil. Of the three coastal water areas from the north to the south, the water quality in Haizhou Bay was relatively good, while the water pollution in the coastal zone of radial sand ridges and the north branch of the Yangtze Estuary were relatively serious. Furthermore, the distribution of the monitoring points with standard-exceeding rates was irregular in the coastal zone of radial sand ridges.

  5. Monitoring results of rural drinking water quality in Hainan Province in 2010%海南省2010年农村饮用水水质调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈莲玉

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解掌握海南省农村生活饮用水水质的卫生现状,为农村生活饮用水的有效管理提供科学依据.方法 分别于枯水期、丰水期对海南省18个市县375个监测点的农村生活饮用水进行检测分析.结果 共监测农村生活饮用水1 500份,合格550份,合格率较低的项目有:菌落总数、总大肠菌群及耐热大肠菌群.结论 细菌学指标是影响海南省农村饮水水质合格率的重要因素,建议加强农村饮用水的消毒,加大对饮用水的监督监测力度,以保障农村居民的身体健康.%Objective To know the current sanitation of drinking water quality in the Hainan rural area , and to provide scientific basis for effective management of the drinking water of rural area . Methods The drinking water of 375 monitoring spots of 18 cities and counties in Hainan province during the dry season and rich reason was analyzed respectively . Results Among 1500 drinking water sampls , 550 were qualified. The items affecting the qualification rate were total bacteria, total coli-forms and heat-resistant coliform bacteria. Conclusion The qualification rate of rural drinking water is low in Hainan province, and the key factor is bacteriological indicators . The performance of guaranteeing the health of the rural residents, disinfection and sanitation supervision for rural drinking water should be strengthened.

  6. Bacterial community composition of an urban river in the North West Province, South Africa, in relation to physico-chemical water quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordaan, K; Bezuidenhout, C C

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the impacts of anthropogenic disturbances on bacterial community composition in an urban river (Mooi River). Physico-chemical analysis, bacterial enumeration and 454-pyrosequencing were conducted on the Mooi River system upstream and downstream of an urban settlement in the North West Province, South Africa. Pyrosequencing and multivariate analysis showed that nutrient inputs and faecal pollution strongly impacted the physico-chemical and microbiological quality at the downstream sites. Also, bacterial communities showed higher richness and evenness at the downstream sites. Multivariate analysis suggested that the abundances of Betaproteobacteria, Epsilonproteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Verrucomicrobia are related to temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), sulphate and chlorophyll-a levels. These results suggest that urbanisation caused the overall water quality of this river to deteriorate, which in turn affected the bacterial community composition. In addition, our work identified potential indicator groups that may be used to track faecal and organic pollution in freshwater systems. PMID:26593724

  7. Quantitatively Verifying the Results' Rationality for Farmland Quality Evaluation with Crop Yield, a Case Study in the Northwest Henan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yali; Huang, Junchang; Yu, Lin; Wang, Song

    2016-01-01

    Evaluating the assessing results' rationality for farmland quality (FQ) is usually qualitative and based on farmers and experts' perceptions of soil quality and crop yield. Its quantitative checking still remains difficult and is likely ignored. In this paper, FQ in Xiuwu County, the Northwest Henan Province, China was evaluated by the gray relational analysis (GRA) method and the traditional analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method. The consistency rate of two results was analysed. Research focused on proposing one method of testing the evaluation results' rationality for FQ based on the crop yield. Firstly generating a grade map of crop yield and overlying it with the FQ evaluation maps. Then analysing their consistency rate for each grade in the same spatial position. Finally examining the consistency effects and allowing for a decision on adopting the results. The results showed that the area rate consistency and matching evaluation unit numbers between the two methods were 84.68% and 87.29%, respectively, and the space distribution was approximately equal. The area consistency rates between crop yield level and FQ evaluation levels by GRA and AHP were 78.15% and 74.29%, respectively. Therefore, the verifying effects of GRA and AHP were near, good and acceptable, and the FQ results from both could reflect the crop yield levels. The evaluation results by GCA, as a whole, were slightly more rational than that by AHP. PMID:27490247

  8. Investigation on semen quality of adult males in Henan Province%河南省育龄男性精液质量调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉山; 冯晓霞; 吉晓菲; 王全先; 武文斌; 潘周辉; 杨险峰; 孙琳

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the semen quality of adult males in Henan Province. Methods: A total of 4 052 adult male volunteers from The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between July, 2008 and July, 2010 were recruited and a questionnaire survey was conducted. The semen quality of these respondents was analyzed with computer - aided sperm analysis ( CASA). Results: Among the male volunteers, the sperm volume was 2. 60 ± 1. 39 ml, and the sperm concentration was (57. 85 ±24.19) × 106/ml. The percentage of grade A sperm was (29. 87 ± 16. 01) % , and that of grade A and grade B sperm was (51.28 ±22. 15) %. The percentage of normal morphology sperm was (11.42 ±4. 11) %. The percentage of normal sperm samples was 30.95% (1254/4052). The statistical increase of the sperm concentration and sperm motility was found because of a significant decrease of smoking, alcohol consumption and sauna bath in the adult male volunteers of the southern part of Henan Province. Conclusion: Bad habits and environment pollution are vital impact factors on the semen quality in Henan Province. And male reproductive health should be paid more attention to.%目的:了解河南省育龄男性精液质量现状.方法:随机取集2008年7月~2010年7月到郑州大学第三附属医院人类精子库志愿供精人员及河南省、地市妇幼保健院进行婚前体检和孕前体检的4052名正常育龄男性进行问卷调查,并采用计算机辅助精液分析系统进行精液运动指标分析.结果:4052名志愿者的精液量为2.60±1.39ml,精子密度为(57.85±24.19)×106/ml,a级精子百分率为(29.87±16.01)%,(a+b)级精子百分率为(51.28±22.15)%,正常形态精子百分率为(11.42±4.11)%;精液各项参数正常1254例(30.95%),异常者2798例(69.05%).豫南地区育龄男性中,吸烟、饮酒、高温洗浴的人数低于河南省其他地区(P<0.05),其精子密度、精子活动力优于河南省其他地区(P<0.05).结论:男性

  9. Survey on sleep quality of head nurses in Sichuan province%四川省护士长睡眠质量现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雨昕; 李继平

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查四川省护士长睡眠质量,为改善护士长健康状况提供参考依据.方法 2011年10月,采用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)对四川省各级医院135名护士长进行有关睡眠质量的问卷调查,将PSQI得分与国内常模进行比较,并分析人口学特征与睡眠质量的相关性.结果 共发放问卷135份,回收有效问卷126份,有效率93.3%.126名护士长中睡眠质量较好者有15名,占11.9%;睡眠质量一般者有57名,占45.2%;睡眠质量较差者有54名,占42.9%.本次调查护士长PSQI总分及主观睡眠质量、入睡时间、睡眠时间、睡眠障碍和日间功能障碍得分分别为(7.53±3.00),(1.39±0.69),(1.46±0.89),(1.02±0.69),(1.13±0.49),(1.92±0.73)分,均明显高于国内常模,差异均有统计学意义(t值分别为13.64,12.40,9.57,5.20,5.32,18.22;P均<0.01).护龄、婚姻状况和性格与PSQI总分呈正相关(r值分别为0.191,0.183,0.181;P均<0.05),个人经济收入满意度与PSQI总分呈负相关(r=-0.218,P<0.05).结论 四川省的护士长睡眠质量与护龄、婚姻状况、性格和个人经济收入满意度有密切关系,应针对性地采取多种措施改善其睡眠质量,维护护士长身心健康,促进护理管理质量提高.%Objective To investigate sleep quality of head nurses in Sichuan province so as to provide the reference for improving the health of head nurses.Methods Questionnaire investigation were conducted in 126 head nurses from all level hospitals of Sichuan province by Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI).Results The mean score of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was (7.53 ± 3.00),and the scores of Subjective sleep quality,sleep latency,sleep time,sleep disorder and daytime dysfunction respectively were (1.39±0.69),(1.46 ±0.89),(1.02 ±0.69),(1.13 ±0.49),(1.92 ±0.73).42.9% of head nurses suffered poor sleep quality,45.2% of head nurses had a common quality of sleep,and 11.9% head nurses had a

  10. Effect of Harvest Time on Yield and Quality of Thymus vulgaris L. Essential Oil in Isfahan Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Saied Salehi; Ahmad Reza Golparvar; Amin Hadipanah

    2014-01-01

    Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) is a perennial sub shrub belonging to family Lamiaceae. Thyme essential oils have been used for many thousands of years, especially in food preservation, pharmaceuticals, alternative medicine and natural therapies. In order to determine the effect of harvest time on quality and quantity of essential oil in thyme, this experiment was done in a randomized complete block design with three replications at research station of Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan (Is...

  11. A venue-based HIV prevalence and behavioural study among men who have sex with men in Antwerp and Ghent, Flanders, Belgium, October 2009 to March 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanden Berghe, W; Nostlinger, C; Buvé, A; Beelaert, G; Fransen, K; Laga, M

    2011-01-01

    This venue-based, cross-sectional study reports on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and behaviour of 649 men who have sex with men (MSM) in Antwerp and Ghent, Flanders, Belgium, from October 2009 to March 2010. Using time-location sampling, we found that HIV prevalence in MSM who attended different types of venue ranged from a high of 14.5% (95% CI: 8.9–20.1; n=22 in cruising venues to 4.9% (95% CI: 1.9–7.9; n=10) in more general gay venues to 1.4% (95% CI: 0.0–3.6; n=3) at younger MSM venues. Of those who tested HIV positive (n=35, five were unaware of their HIV status or self-reported as being HIV negative. One in five respondents were of non-Belgian nationality. The results showed relatively high rates of testing for HIV (52.2%; 95 % CI: 47.8–56.2; n=288) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (57.4%; 95% CI: 52.6–62.0; n=248) in the last 12 months. A majority of the men (n=233) used condoms consistently during their last anal sexual contact with a casual partner; however, HIV-positive men who were aware of their serostatus (n=30) reported less condom use with casual partners. This is the first such study in Belgium and the results constitute the evidence base for local, targeted interventions. Furthermore, our findings underscore the need for European cross-border cooperation to prevent HIV infection and other STIs among MSM. PMID:21794222

  12. 河北沿海区耕地土壤质量综合评价%Comprehensive Evaluation of Soil Quality in Coastal Region of Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀萍; 张国新; 鲁雪林; 刘雅辉; 王贵政

    2013-01-01

    为了系统掌握河北沿海耕地土壤质量的现状,获取土壤质量提升的优化调控措施。采用GIS与模糊综合评判相结合的方法,对河北沿海区耕地土壤质量进行模糊综合评价与分级,获得土壤质量综合评判分级图。结果表明,研究区域耕地土壤质量状况总体较低,有机质中等偏低,全氮较为贫乏,有效磷和速效钾相对丰富,土壤全盐含量已达到中度盐渍化土标准,地下水矿化度高且埋深浅。土壤盐分、地下水矿化度与地下水埋深是土壤质量的主要限制因子。研究区不同行政区土壤质量状况具有明显差异性,其pH变异系数最小,全盐含量变异系数最大,其空间分布规律与土壤全盐含量相似;研究区土壤质量最差的区域是沧州沿海中东部、唐山沿海南部,其面积约占总耕地总面积的5.3%。土壤质量分级图可用于研究区中低产田改造、盐碱地综合治理,土壤质量较差的区域采取先种盐生植物、再种经济植物的“梯次推进”植物利用模式,通过逐步改善土壤理化性质,提高土壤质量。全面掌握区域的土壤质量状况,对河北沿海盐碱地土壤改良和科学管理提供依据。%This study was to systematically comprehend soil quality status in coastal region of Hebei Province, and acquire management measures to improve soil quality. With the application of fuzzy synthetic evaluation method and GIS technology, fuzzy synthetic evaluation and classification of regional soil quality was conducted, and spatial patterns of synthetic evaluation results of regional soil quality was obtained. The results indicated that, soil quality status of farmland across the study area was generally low, soil organic matter and N nutrient was low, available phosphorus and quick-acting potassium were abundant, content of total salt was up to the standard of medium saline soil, groundwater depth was shallower and

  13. Effect of dietary sodium nitrate consumption on egg production, egg quality characteristics and some blood indices in native hens of west azarbaijan province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safary, H; Daneshyar, M

    2012-11-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of sodium nitrate consumption on egg quality and quantity, and some blood parameters of native breeder hens of West Azerbaijan province. One hundred native hens were used from wk 25 to 32 of age. These birds were divided into two groups. One group was fed the control diet (CD) but the other fed the same diet supplemented with 4.2 g/kg sodium nitrate (ND). After 2 wks of adaptation, eggs were collected daily and egg mass and egg production were measured weekly for five weeks. To assess the egg quality parameters, two eggs from each replicate pen were collected for three consecutive days each week. At the end of experimental period (wk 32 of age), blood samples of 5 birds per replicate were collected from the wing vein into anticoagulant tubes. Dietary sodium nitrate didn't affect the egg production, shell stiffness, shell thickness and Haugh unit (p>0.05) but it decreased the both egg production and egg mass during the last three weeks (wks 30, 31 and 32) (p0.05). No effect of time or treatment×time were observed for shell stiffness (p>0.05). Over time, shell thickness was decreased while Haugh unit increased (pAST and LDH enzymes were affected by dietary consumption of sodium nitrate at wk 32 of age (p>0.05). Sodium nitrite decreased both the TAC and TC at wk 32 of age (p<0.001). It was concluded that the lower body antioxidant capacity of nitrate fed birds resulted in the lower performance (egg weight, egg production and egg mass).

  14. Effect of Harvest Time on Yield and Quality of Thymus vulgaris L. Essential Oil in Isfahan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saied Salehi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L. is a perennial sub shrub belonging to family Lamiaceae. Thyme essential oils have been used for many thousands of years, especially in food preservation, pharmaceuticals, alternative medicine and natural therapies. In order to determine the effect of harvest time on quality and quantity of essential oil in thyme, this experiment was done in a randomized complete block design with three replications at research station of Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan (Isfahan during 2010-2011. Plants were harvested in five stages: before blooming, beginning of blooming, 50% blooming, full blooming and fruit set. The essential oils obtained from the phenological stages of thyme were analyzed by using GC/MS. The results obtained in our study showed that the phenological stages had very significant effects (P

  15. Effects of increased nurses’ workload on quality documentation of patient information at selected Primary Health Care facilities in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhulani C. Shihundla

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Recording of information on multiple documents increases professional nurses’ responsibilities and workload during working hours. There are multiple registers and books at Primary Health Care (PHC facilities in which a patient’s information is to be recorded for different services during a visit to a health professional. Antenatal patients coming for the first visit must be recorded in the following documents: tick register; Prevention of Mother-ToChild Transmission (PMTCT register; consent form for HIV and AIDS testing; HIV Counselling and Testing (HCT register (if tested positive for HIV and AIDS then this must be recorded in the Antiretroviral Therapy (ART wellness register; ART file with an accompanying single file, completion of which is time-consuming; tuberculosis (TB suspects register; blood specimen register; maternity case record book and Basic Antenatal Care (BANC checklist. Nurses forget to record information in some documents which leads to the omission of important data. Omitting information might lead to mismanagement of patients. Some of the documents have incomplete and inaccurate information. As PHC facilities in Vhembe District render twenty four hour services through a call system, the same nurses are expected to resume duty at 07:00 the following morning. They are expected to work effectively and when tired a nurse may record illegible information which may cause problems when the document is retrieved by the next person for continuity of care.Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate and describe the effects of increased nurses’ workload on quality documentation of patient information at PHC facilities in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province.Methods: The study was conducted in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, where the effects of increased nurses’ workload on quality documentation of information is currently experienced. The research design was explorative, descriptive and contextual in

  16. [Effects of different long-term fertilization patterns on Fuji apple yield, quality, and soil fertility on Weibei Dryland, Shaanxi Province of Northwest China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zuo-Ping; Tong, Yan-An; Liu, Fen; Wang, Xiao-Ying

    2013-11-01

    A 7-year (2003-2010) located field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different long-term fertilization patterns on the Fuji apple yield, quality, and soil fertility on the Weibei Dryland, Shaanxi Province of Northwest China. Seven treatments were installed, i. e., no fertilization (CK), inorganic P and K fertilization (PK), inorganic N and K fertilization (NK), inorganic N and P fertilization (NP), inorganic N, P, and K fertilization (NPK), swine manure (M), and half inorganic N, P, and K combined with half swine manure (NPKM). Each treatment had three replications. Fertilization increased the apple yield. The average yield in the 7 years under fertilization was increased by 14.4%-63.8%, as compared to the CK. The average yield decreased in the order of NPKM > NPK > or = M > NP > or = NK > PK > CK. In treatments NPKM, M, and NPK, the fruit sugar/acid (S:A) ratio, vitamin C, soluble solid, and hardness tended to be increased with time, with a smaller yearly fluctuation in treatments NPKM and M. In treatment NPKM, the S:A ratio and vitamin C increased by 30.9% and 17.5%, respectively after five years, as compared to the CK. Long-term rational fertilization increased the soil organic matter (SOC) content in 0-20 cm layer, with the largest increment in treatments NPKM and M (28.8% and 29.3%, respectively). The soil available N, P, and K contents in all layers in treatments NPK, NPKM, and M increased significantly, and the soil available N content in 0-20, 20-40, and 40-60 cm layers in treatment NPK was increased by 22.7%, 37.3%, and 53.4%, respectively. As compared to treatment NPK, the soil available P content in treatment NPKM was increased by 18.7%. In all fertilization treatments, the soil available Pcontent was significantly higher in upper layer than in lower layer.

  17. Analysis and Evaluation of Aquatic Feeds Quality in Shaanxi Province%陕西地区水产饲料质量分析与评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟雷; 吉红; 张建禄

    2012-01-01

    在陕西省饲料企业和水产养殖场随机抽取19种鲤草鱼饲料样品,对其物理性状和营养成分进行检测,并依据水产饲料行业标准进行分析和评价.检测结果发现:(1)饲料物理性状均符合行业标准;(2)水分检测值均符合标签值和标准值,但偏低;(3)蛋白检测值与标签值的符合率为78.9%,与标准值的符合率为94.7%;(4)粗脂肪检测值均符合标签值,与标准值的符合率为73.7%;(5)粗纤维检测值与标签值的符合率为94.7%,与标准值的符合率73.7%;(6)粗灰分检测值与标签值的符合率为94.7%,与标准值的符合率为94.7%.说明陕西地区水产饲料质量情况基本良好,但仍存在重视蛋白水平、忽视水分和脂肪水平等问题,建议陕西省水产饲料企业重视养分均衡供应,进一步提高饲料质量.%19 common carp and grass carp feed were collected in Shaanxi province. The physical properties and nutrition indices of the samples were tested according to the latest testing standards,and analyzed based on the latest industry standards. The physical properties were in line with the industry standards, all the moisture content detection values conformed with the label values and standard values, but the results showed that the moisture values of partial samples were lower than standard values. Coincidence rate of detection values and label values for protein content was 78. 9%, while that for detection values and standard values was 94. 7%. The coincidence rate of crude fat content for detention values was 100% and 73. 7% for standard values. Likewise,the conincidence rate of detented valves and label values for crude fiber was 94. 7%,that of standard values was 73. 7%;both of which for crude ash was 94. 7%. The results indicate that the aquafeeds in Shaanxi province are qualified, but the problems such as focusing on protein level but ignoring moisture and fat level still exist. It is proposed that the aquafeeds

  18. 浅述江苏省水产品质量安全及监管体系%Brief introduction of aquatic product quality safety and supervision system of Jiangsu province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄鸿兵; 吴光红

    2014-01-01

    本文综述了江苏省的水产品质量安全及监管体系建设现状,介绍了近年来江苏省水产品的产量、产值及产品的特点,及水产品质量安全例行抽检的样品数量、合格率、使用违禁药物情况。从食品安全监管制度、标准体系和检测体系三个角度分析了江苏省在水产品质量安全方面建设进展。另外,从定量检测、定性检测、追溯体系、健康养殖4个方面介绍了江苏省水产品质量安全监测开展的具体工作,展望了中国的水产品质量安全。%Current quality safety situation and supervision system about aquatic product in Jiangsu province were presented in this paper. The output, output value and producing feature of aquatic product in recent years were introduced, and the sampling numbers, passing rate, illicit drugs of aquatic product which were under detection by the government were talked about. It discussed the construction progress of aquatic product quality safety from food safety regulatory regime, standard system and testing system in Jiangsu province. Furthermore, it introduced four kinds of specific work of aquatic product quality safety supervision in Jiangsu province, which was quantitative detection, qualitative detection, tracing system and healthy farming, and looked into the future of aquatic product quality safety in China.

  19. Hydrochemical characteristics and quality assessment of deep groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer of the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Man-Li; Peng, Wei-Hua; Gui, He-Rong

    2016-04-01

    There is little information available about the hydrochemical characteristics of deep groundwater in the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China. In this study, we report information about the physicochemical parameters, major ions, and heavy metals of 17 groundwater samples that were collected from the coal-bearing aquifer. The results show that the concentrations of total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, and potassium and sodium (K(+) + Na(+)) in most of the groundwater samples exceeded the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Chinese National Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB 5749-2006). The groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer was dominated by the HCO3·Cl-K + Na and HCO3·SO4-K + Na types. Analysis with a Gibbs plot suggested that the major ion chemistry of the groundwater was primarily controlled by weathering of rocks and that the coal-bearing aquifer in the Linhuan coal-mining district was a relatively closed system. K(+) and Na(+) originated from halite and silicate weathering reactions, while Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) originated from the dissolution of calcite, dolomite, and gypsum or anhydrite. Ion exchange reactions also had an influence on the formation of major ions in groundwater. The concentrations of selected heavy metals decreased in the order Mn > Zn > Cr > Cu > Ni > Pb. In general, the heavy metal concentrations were low; however, the Cr, Mn, and Ni concentrations in some of the groundwater samples exceeded the standards outlined by the WHO, the GB 5749-2006, and the Chinese National Standards for Groundwater (GB/T 14848-93). Analysis by various indices (% Na, SAR, and EC), a USSL diagram, and a Wilcox diagram showed that both the salinity and alkalinity of the groundwater were high, such that the groundwater could not be used for irrigating agricultural land without treatment. These results will be significant for water resource exploiting and utilization in

  20. The Univariate and Bivariate Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Quality of Life:A Cross Sectional Study in the Hubei Province-Central China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ommari Baaliy MKANGARA; Chongjian WANG; Hao XIANG; Yihua XU; Shaofa NIE; Li LIU; Saumu Tobbi MWERI; Mustaafa BAPUMIIA; Theresia M KOBELO; Felicia Williams JACKSON

    2009-01-01

    This study is aimed to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) for individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Hubei province-central China by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version).One hundred and thirty six respondents (HIV/AIDS individuals) attending out-patient department of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Chinese CDC) were administered a structured questionnaire developed by investigators.QOL was evaluated by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version).The resuits showed that the mean score of overall QOL on a scale of 0-100 was 25.8.The mean scores in 4 domains of QOL on a scale of 0-100 were 82.9 (social domain),27.5 (psychological domain),17.7 (physical domain) and 11.65 (environmental domain).The significant difference of QOL was noted in the score of physical domain between asymptomatic (14.6) and early symptomatic individuals (12) (P=0.014),and between patients with early symptoms (12) and those with AIDS (10.43) (P<0.001).QOL in psychological domain was significantly lower in early symptomatic (12.1) (P<0.05) and AIDS patients (12.4) (P<0.006) than in asymptomatic individuals (14.2).The difference in QOL scores in the psychological domain was significant with respect to the income of patients (P<0.048) and educational status (P<0.037).Significantly better QOL scores in the physical domain (P<0.040) and environmental domain (P<0.017) were noted with respect to the occupation of the patients.Patients with family support had better QOL scores in environmental domain.In our research,QOL for HIV/AIDS individuals was associated with education,occupation,income,family support and clinical categories of the patients.It was concluded that WHOQOL-BREF Chinese version was successfully used in the evaluation of QOL of HIV/AIDS individuals in Chinese population and proved to be a reliable and useful tool.

  1. 河南省医疗卫生机构专业人员业务素质分析%Analysis of the quality of medical personnel in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱英; 田庆丰; 朱伟

    2001-01-01

    目的:分析河南省医疗卫生机构专业人员的文化与专业素质。方法:采用分层整群抽样,调查河南省6个市(地),12个县5657名卫生人员。结果:从事医疗保健的工作人员中有13.38%为无学历人员,有72.79%无学历人员晋升了不同职称。无学历人员中有59.07%通过招工和顶替接班途径进入卫生系统。结论:河南省县及县以上卫生机构专业人员的素质偏低。%To analyze the quality of medical personnel in Henan Province.Methods: By stratified and cluster sam-pling, we investigated the medical personnel in 12 counties and 6 cities in Henan Province in 1995. Their education and profes-sional levels had been analyzed. Results: The medical pensonnel without formal schooling record accounted for 13.38%, amongwhom, 72.79% had different titles of professional posts and 59.07% went into medical system by enrolling or successing. Con-clusion: The quality of medical personnel in counties and superior areas is low.

  2. MONITORING RESULT OF THE DISINFECTION QUALITY OF DIFFERENT MEDICAL AND HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN ZHEJIANG PROVINCE%浙江省不同医疗卫生机构消毒质量监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆烨; 胡国庆; 王笑笑

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解浙江省不同类型医疗卫生机构消毒质量,以便加强消毒管理,提高消毒质量提供依据.方法 通过现场采样检测,调查了浙江省各种类型医疗卫生机构消毒质量情况.结果 2008-2009年,共监测1 585家次医疗机构,采集样品15 633份,消毒质量总平均合格率为90.87%;监测299家次托幼机构,样品3 701份,总评均合格率为79.60%;监测73家次公共场所,样品2 918份,总平均合格率为80.01%.结论 浙江省医疗卫生机构消毒工作开展覆盖率较高,各项消毒措施落实比较到位,消毒质量总体合格率比较高,但仍存在一些问题需要改进.%Objective To know the disinfection quality of different medical and health institutions in Zhejiang province,and to enhance the management, improve the quality of disinfection. Methods Field sampling was used to investigate disinfection quality of different medical and health institutions in Zhejiang province. Results From 2008 to 2009, 1 585 times of the medical institutions were investigated. The average eligible rate of disinfection quality of medical supplies was 90.87% of the total 15 633 times samples. 299 times of kindergarten institutions were investigated, the average eligible rate was 79.60% of the total 3 701 samples. 73 times of public institutions were investigated, the average eligible rate of was 80.01% of the total 2918 times samples. Conclusion The institutions performance works of Zhejiang province is relatively standardized, disinfection works measures has been completed, eligible rate of disinfection quality is high. But in some aspects still needs to be improved.

  3. 土地利用变化对水城盆地岩溶水水质的影响%The influence of land use change on karst water quality of Shuicheng Basin in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾亚男; 袁道先

    2004-01-01

    The influence of land use and land cover on ecological environment is a focus of global change research. The paper chooses an industrial city-Shuicheng in Guizhou Province-as a study area because the karst water quality around the city is deteriorating with land use and land cover change.The natural susceptibility of karst water system is an important factor leading to karst water pollution.But land use and land cover change is also a main factor according to the chemical analysis of karst water quality and land use change. So it is a good way to protect karst water through rational planning and managing of land use and land cover.

  4. Quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    What is quality? How do you achieve it? How do you keep it once you have got it. The answer for industry at large is the three-step hierarchy of quality control, quality assurance and Total quality Management. An overview is given of the history of quality movement, illustrated with examples from Schlumberger operations, as well as the oil industry's approach to quality. An introduction of the Schlumberger's quality-associated ClientLink program is presented. 15 figs., 4 ills., 16 refs

  5. 关于提升甘肃省劳动力质量的路径选择研究%Research on Choosing Approaches to Improve the Labor Force Quality of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志增

    2015-01-01

    文章将资本、劳动和能源作为投入要素,通过构建反映劳动力质量的柯布-道格拉斯生产函数,对甘肃省劳动力质量与经济增长的关系进行分析,并采用岭回归方法剔除多重共线性的影响,根据回归结果确定不同受教育层次的劳动力对甘肃经济增长的影响。以此为依据,提出落实“九年义务教育”,缩小地区间差距,按岗位设置专业,以及创造人才引进环境等建议,为通过提升劳动力质量,促进甘肃经济增长的路径选择提供参考。%By assigning capital,labor and energy as the input factors and creating the Cobb-Douglas pro-duction function reflecting the labor force quality, the thesis analyzes the relationship between labor force quality and the economic growth of Gansu province.Meanwhile,adopting the ridge regression to eliminate the impact of multicollinearity,the thesis draws the conclusion that the economic growth of Gansu province is influenced by labor force of different education levels according to the result of regression.Accordingly,the thesis puts forward proposals like implementing the nine-year compulsory education, bridging the economic gap between different regions,and setting up majors according to job requirement and creating good environ-ment for introducing talents.In conclusion,the thesis aimed at providing references for choosing approaches to promote the economic growth of Gansu province by improving the labor force quality.

  6. 江苏省白沙枇杷优质丰产栽培技术%Cultivation Techniques for Perfect Quality and High Yield of White Flesh Loquat in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁卫明; 杨益花; 王化坤; 张凯

    2014-01-01

    白沙枇杷以优良的品质而被冠为枇杷中的精品,江苏省是我国白沙枇杷主产区之一。根据多年的生产实践,总结了江苏地区白沙枇杷丰产优质栽培管理技术,主要包括选择良种,合理建园与定植;科学矮化整形,培养早丰产树冠;按需平衡施肥,合理排灌水分;生草与覆盖相结合,有效管理土壤;合理修剪,促进矮化丰产;精细疏花疏果,保障果实质量;适时合理套袋,提高果实商品性;多方措施,有效防冻;无公害综合防治病虫害;适时采收与保鲜,以期为促进江苏省白沙枇杷产量、品质和效益的提高及扩大生产提供技术支持。%White flesh loquat is renowned as elite loquat because of its good quality.Jiangsu is one of the main production areas in China.Through many years production practice,this paper summarized the ten key techniques for high yield and perfect quality cultivation of white flesh loquat in Jiangsu Province,which included selection of improved variety and reasonable orchard establishment,scientific dwarf shaping for training early and high yield fruit tree,balanced fertilization according to need,reasonable drainage and irrigation,efficient soil management by growing grass with coverage,reasonable pruning for promoting dwarf and high yield,fine thinning flowers and fruits for improving fruit quality,suitable fruit bagging for improving fruit commercial quality,efficient antifreeze by many measures,non-pollution integrated control diseases and pests,timely harvesting and fresh-keeping.The paper’s intention was to provide technical support for enhancing fruit yield,quality and profit,extending produce area of white flesh loquat in Jiangsu Province.

  7. The hydrogeologic framework and a reconnaissance of ground-water quality in the Piedmont Province of North Carolina, with a design for future study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harned, Douglas

    1989-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey is investigating the relation of ground- water quality and land use in the regolith and fractured rock ground-water system of the North Carolina Piedmont. The initial phase of this study provides a description of the ground-water flow system and a review of available ground-water data and formulates hypotheses that guide the design of a water-quality monitoring network for study of selected areas. In the Piedmont, the solid igneous and metamorphic bedrock grades upward into unweathered fractured rock that is covered by a transition zone of highly-fractured, partially weathered rock, clay-rich saprolite, and the soil. The fractured bedrock, transition zone, saprolite, and soil make up a complex flow system. A review of available ground-water quality data shows a lack of information about organic compounds and trace metals and changes in ground- water quality with depth. Land use, soils, and geology significantly influence ground-water quality. The hypotheses that need to be tested in the next study phase are: (1) that ground-water contamination can be related to land use, and (2) that the transition zone between bedrock and regolith serves as a primary transmitter of contaminants. Monitoring of basins containing industrial, urban, residential, and agricultural land uses in future studies will help define the relation of ground-water quality to land use. Water quality at different depths in the flow system and in streams during base flow needs to be identified.

  8. 广东省近岸海域环境质量时空变化与成因分析%The Temporal and Spatial Variation of Coast Waters Environmental Quality of Guangdong Province and Its Cause Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林高松; 黄晓英; 彭小飞

    2009-01-01

    采用改进的标识指数法对广东省近岸海域水质进行了评价与分析.研究结果表明,2002年至2006年,广东省近岸海域水质仍呈现下降趋势,清洁和较清洁海域的比例从82%降至64%,轻度污染海域比例从9%增加至18%,中度污染和严重污染海域比例从9%增加至18%.主要污染因子为无机氮和活性磷酸盐,部分港口海域也受到石油类污染.从空间分布来看,经济发达的珠江三角洲城市近岸海域水质较差,而东部和西部欠发达地区海域水质相对较好.文章对海域污染原因进行了分析,并提出了对策和措施.%Identification Index method based on surface water quality assessment is improved to suit to sea water. This method was applied to water quality assessment of Guangdong Province coast waters from 2002 to 2006. The research's results show that, water quality of Guangdong Province coast has deteriorated in recent years. The ratio of clean sea areas drops from 82% to 64%, and the ratio of slightly-polluted sea areas raises from 9% to 18%. As the same, the ratio of severely contaminated sea areas rises from 9% to 18%. The main pollutants are inorganic nitrogen and active phosphate, and some harbors are contaminated by oil. The coast waters of relatively developed cities,the Pearl River Delta,is unclean. However, water quality of the coast in eastern and western developing cities is much better. The reasons of marine pollution are analyzed and strategies and measures are brought forward in this paper.

  9. 基于AHP的吉林省农民从业素质评价%Evaluation of Working Quality of Farmers in Jilin Province on the Basis of AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨光

    2011-01-01

    In terms of the working quality of agricultural production and the working quality of non-agricultural production, the evaluation index system of the working quality of farmers is established. By using integrated fuzzy method based on AHP, we determine the weight of each index, and establish membership matrix of this evaluation index system. Taking Jilin Province as an example, we select developed regions, underdevel oped regions and comparatively developed regions respectively to conduct survey. By using the data from survey, according to the established e valuation index system, we conduct empirical analysis of the working quality of farmers. The results show that the working quality of farmers in the developed regions is relatively high, the working quality of fanners in the comparatively developed regions is ordinary, and the working quality of fanners in the underdeveloped regions is relatively low; the physical quality, educational quality and technological quality of farmers in the de veloped regions are high; the operation quality of agricultural production of fanners in the underdeveloped regions is high; the operation quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions is high; the working quality of agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions is higher than the working quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions; the working quality of non-agricultural industries of farmers in the developed re gions is higher than the working quality of agricultural production. The urgent priority of constructing new village is to coordinate urban-rural de velopment, and to offer preferential policies and capital for the villages with backward economic development level.%从农业生产从业素质和非农产业从业素质2个方面,构建了农民从业素质评价指标体系,基于AHP的综合模糊分

  10. 青海农村学校饮水与环境卫生现状%Survey on drinking water quality and latrine sanitation of rural schools in Qinghai province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉洁; 姬红蓉; 郭学斌; 符春晓; 郭晚花

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解青海省农村学校饮用水与厕所卫生状况,探索农村学校改水改厕对策和方法.方法 按“青海省农村学校水与环境卫生现状调查方案”的要求,对青海省6个县的60所学校和1 872名学生进行调查.结果 76.7%的学校采用集中式供水,23.3%的学校为独立供水,50.0%的学校饮用水不合格;学生饮水33.0%从家中自带,33.1%由学校提供,14.5%喝生水.93.3%的学校厕所为旱厕,40.0%的学校没有教师专用厕所,78.3%的厕所没有可使用的洗手设施,63.3%的厕所粪池无盖;厕所粪便63.3%用土掩埋,3.3%排入下水道,1.7%直接排入河塘.结论 青海省农村学校饮用水和厕所均存在卫生安全隐患.需加大农村学校尤其是半农半牧区学校的改水改厕工作力度,加强学生健康教育工作.%Objective To understand status of drinking water quality and latrine sanitation of rural school in Qinghai province, in order to explore the strategies for improving drinking water quality and latrine sanitation. Methods The whole survey was conducted according to " Surveyscheme on status of drinking water quality and latrine sanitation of rural school in Qinghai province" . The investigation was carried out in 60 schoolsfrom 6 counties, and questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 872 students. Results The percentage of schools served by centralized water supply and decentralized water supply were 76.7% and 23. 3% , respectively. About 50% water samples did not meet " standards for drinking water quality" . The students that used water supplied by home and school were 33. 0% and 33. 1% . About 14. 5% students drank raw water. About 93. 3% latrines were equipped without flush toilet; 40% schools did not build latrine for teachers exclusively; 78. 3% latrines were not equipped with hand-washing facilities; 63. 3% latrine's cesspools did not have covers; 63. 3% latrines covered excrement with soil; 3.3% and 1.7% latrines

  11. 我省城镇化进程中新社区居民素质现状调查研究%Our province urbanization new community residents quality present situation investigation and study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璐

    2014-01-01

    “村改居”这一新型社区作为城镇化的切入点和必然选择,近年来在全国各地积极推进、成效显著。而城镇化进程的主体—“村改居”社区居民的文化素质、技术能力和思想道德水平的高低直接关系到我国城镇化的进程速度和质量。本文通过对我省石家庄、唐山、秦皇岛、廊坊等市“村改居”社区居民素质的现状调查研究发现,居民素质现状有待于进一步提升,需要通过各种渠道不断提高居民的文化素质、强化居民的科技能力、增强居民的思想道德素养,从而促使“村改居”社区居民综合素质的全面提升。%“country to residence”the new type of urbanization in the community as a breakthrough point and the inevitable choice, all over the country actively promoting and fruitful in recent years. And the body of the urbanization process, “country to residence”community's culture of the community residents quality, technical ability and ideological and moral level of high and low is directly related to China's urbanization process speed and quality. This ar-ticle through to our province Shijiazhuang, Tangshan, Qinhuangdao and Langfang city“country to residence”community's quality of the community residents present situation investigation and study. Res-idents quality status quo remains to be further ascension, need to constantly improve the people's cultural quality through various channels, strengthening the ability of science and technology of residents, enhance people's ideological and moral quality, so the overall quality of community residents and improved.

  12. Quality Agenda

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Following damaging criticism of Chinese products abroad the government has been pushing to improve quality through a national campaign On November 29,over 100 pharma- ceutical companies,food compa- nies,supermarkets and drug stores in 11 cities of southern Guangdong Province were inspected on the safety of their products. It was the third food and drug safety inspection organized by the Central Govem- ment this year.An inspection team visited Zhejiang Province in September and Shandong in October.Members of the inspection team included officials in quality inspection,quarantine,commerce and envi-

  13. Evolution of Agronomic and Quality Traits of Wheat Cultivars Released in Shandong Province Recently%山东省近年来审定小麦品种农艺和品质性状演变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋健民; 戴双; 李豪圣; 程敦公; 刘爱峰; 曹新有; 刘建军; 赵振东

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] In order to provide a theoretical basis for further improvement of yield potential and processing quality,agronomic and quality traits of 55 wheat cultivars released in Shandong province recently were investigated.[Method] Eighteen agronomic and quality traits of wheat cultivars released in Shandong province from 1999 to 2010 were analyzed,and their evolution and correlation were also discussed.[Result] The yields of wheat cultivars released recently in Shandong province increased annually by 61.65 kg·hm-2,though main yield components such as spike number per unit area and kernels per spike changed insignificantly.The growth duration decreased annually by 0.57 d,and plant height and maximum tillers also decreased annually,whereas fertile tiller increased.Compared to the cultivars with lower yield,the cultivars with higher yield had more spikes per unit area and fertile tiller,suggesting that it may be an effective measure to increase yield by improving fertile spikes.Shandong wheat cultivars released recently had relatively high protein and wet gluten content,low Zeleny sedimentation volume and stability time,which was not suitable to end use.The grain test weight,wet gluten content and dough water absorption increased annually,while protein content,dough development time and stability time decreased.The cultivars with good quality had lower kernel weight,which may be the key trait to improve yield.Quality traits had a negative effect on yield and agronomic traits in general,while they can be coordinated to some extent,which had been verified by breeding program.[Conclusion] Wheat cultivars released recently in Shandong province increased steadily in yield and cultivars with 600 spikes per m2,40 kernels per spike and 40 mg kernel weight may be more suitable to local weather and production situations.Shandong wheat cultivars released recently had poorer quality in total,and more effective measures should be taken for quality improvement greatly.%[目

  14. Access and Quality in Education in Resettlement Schools: The Case Study of Zvivingwi Secondary School in Gutu District, Masvingo Province in Zimbabwe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenjekwa, Vincent

    2013-01-01

    In Zimbabwe, the discourse on access and quality in education has been a raging one since the colonial days of bottlenecks and outright discrimination against black Zimbabweans in education. The doors to education were declared open to all at independence in 1980 with the new Zimbabwe government's enunciated policy of education for all. It is an…

  15. Influencing factors of the adult males'semen quality in Henan province%河南省育龄男性精液质量影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉山; 王全先; 冯晓霞; 武文斌; 潘周辉; 杨险峰; 孙琳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influencing factors on the semen quality of adult males in Henan province, provide advices about the healthy lifestyle to adult males and improve the reproductive ability of adult males. Methods Questionnaire, physical examination, semen physical parameters analysis by manual method and semen motion parameters analysis by computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA) were used to investigate the semen quality of 4052 adult male volunteers from Henan province. The sperm parameters between two groups according to the habit and behavior such as smoking, excessive drinking and sauna bath, special occupation such as welder, painter and decorator were analyzed statistically. Results There were statistically decreasing of sperm concentration, motility and the percentage of normal morphology sperm in adult males with smoking, excessive drinking, sauna bath and with special occupation such as welder, painter and decorator and so on (P<0.05). Conclusion The decreasing of semen quality in Henan province were mainly associated with bad habit and behavior such as smoking, excessive drinking and sauna bath, special occupation such as welder, painter and decorator.%目的 探讨影响河南省育龄男性精液质量的因素,指导男性群体健康的生活方式,提高育龄男性的生育能力.方法 对来自河南省4052例育龄男性志愿者的精液标本采用手工方法进行物理指标相关参数检测,采用计算机辅助精液分析系统(CASA)进行精子密度和精子运动指标的参数分析.将育龄男性按是否吸烟、饮酒,是否有桑拿浴习惯以及按特殊职业如电焊作业、装饰油漆作业分组,进行组间精液各项参数对比.结果 吸烟、饮酒、桑拿浴,以及特殊职业如电焊作业、装饰油漆作业组均显示出精子密度和活力及正常形态精子百分率下降,差异具统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 不良的生活习惯如吸烟、酗酒、桑拿浴以及特殊职业如电焊作

  16. 江西省人口文化素质空间格局及与城市规模匹配分析%SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF THE POPULATION CULTURE QUALITY AND MATCH WITH CITY SCALE IN JIANGXI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭泉恩; 钟业喜; 王琪

    2013-01-01

    Population culture quality is one of indexes in social attributes of population,the level of intelligence and knowledge,the ability of judging and handling problems in scientific way.It is also one of the important indicators to weigh the comprehensive strength of a country or region.Increasing of population culture quality must be good to accelerate the harmony developing of society,what's more,it will produce a key influence to promoting economy and society.Culture quality is the most important angle in research on spatial structure of population quality and the mach with city scale rather than health quality,mind quality and so on.In the choice of research area,the published papers tend to pick country,province or city,research on county is less.Even though city scale has cleared link with culture quality,the match with city is studied less.This paper took Jiangxi province as the research union,used the data of fifth and sixth nationwide census,utilized some softwares combined with several mathematical methods to measure indicators of culture quality in every place and to investigate its dynamic evolution of spatial pattern from the year of 2000 and 2010.The matched-degree between people culture quality and its city scale was measured by match analysis method.In order to make the result more deeply,this paper analyzed from two aspects:the three regions including north,central and south of Jiangxi,and the prefecture-level city.The diversity of former kind regions especially economy was obvious.The north area took the lead in Jiangxi Province,the central was the old district and played an important role in the history,and the south had distinguishing feature in mineral resources.The study results were as follows.(1) The space was based on wriggle aggregation,and the phenomenon that high-quality population gathered in the north of Jiangxi had not changed.(2)The condition of culture-city offset was improved from the larger regional disparities to balanced

  17. Study on the sleep quality and its inlfuencing factors of rural left-behind elderly in Hunan province%湖南省农村留守老年人睡眠状况及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周俊; 谢丽琴; 陈晓岗

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解湖南省农村留守老人的睡眠质量及其影响因素。方法:采用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)量表及一般情况调查表等对566名湖南农村留守老年人进行调查。结果:湖南省农村留守老年人睡眠质量总平均分为(7.50±3.81)分,睡眠质量差者占42.1%。女性、近2周患病、低生活能力为农村留守老人睡眠质量的危险因素;男性、子女返乡天数、高社会支持为农村留守老人睡眠质量的保护因素。结论:湖南省农村留守老年人睡眠质量较差,受生理及心理社会等多重因素的影响,应采取多种方式对农村留守老人进行干预,以提高睡眠质量。%Objective:To explore the sleep quality and its inlfuencing factors of rural left-behind elderly in Hunan province. Methods:To investigate the sleep quality and it's inlfuencing factors of the 566 rural left-behind elderly with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and demographics. Results:The average score of PSQI of the 566 rural left-behind elderly was 7.50±3.81, 42.1%elderlys had bad sleep quality. Female, illness within two weeks, and poor ADL skills are the main risk factors,while strong social support and children return are the positive factors. Conclusion:The overall sleep quality of rural left-behind elderly is poor and can be affected by social-psychological and physical factors. Various means should be taken to improve the overall sleep quality among the elderly.

  18. 淮河(安徽段)南岸诸河流水质标识指数评价%Water Quality Evaluation for the Rivers on the South Bank of Huaihe River in Anhui Province by the Comprehensive Water Quality Identification Index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩曦; 王丽; 周平; 孙庆业

    2012-01-01

    2010年夏季,对淮河(安徽段)南岸诸河流水质进行调查,共设置采样点160个,选取总氮、总磷、氨氮和化学需氧量4项水质指标,利用综合水质标识指数评价法(WQI)对淮河(安徽段)南岸诸河流水质进行评价.结果表明,淮河(安徽段)南岸诸河流水质达标率77%,超标的评价因子为氮营养盐和化学需氧量.污染物主要来自农业面源和生产、生活废水;水流流速、沉积物性质和周围环境对水质产生一定影响.%The Huaihe River Basin is located in eastern china, between the Yangtze River and Yellow River Basins. Water resource on South bank of Huaihe River in Anhui Province is abundant, with important economic value and ecological value. However, along with the rapid increase of population and development of industry and agriculture, the irrational exploitation of the river caused the deterioration of water resources, the intensification of environmental pollution, the sedimentation accumulation and the decrease of biodiversity, thus making the regional river in serious ecological threat. There are many researches on river water quality assessment in domestic and foreign areas, while lack of studies on the systematic evaluation of the basin as a whole. The water quality of rivers on south bank of Huaihe River in Anhui Province was investigated in the summer of 2010. 160 samples were collected from south bank of Huaihe River in Anhui Province, including 4 samples from Sihe river basin, 10 samples from Chengxihu river basin, 19 samples from Chengdonghu river basin, 14 samples from Pihe river basin, 41 samples from Wabuhu river basin, 18 samples from Gaotanghu river basin, 10 samples from Haohe river basin and 44 samples from Nvshanhu river basin. The monitoring indices included pH, total nitrogen, total phosphate, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, dissoluble orthophosphate and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Selecting total nitrogen, total phosphate, ammonia nitrogen and

  19. Breeding Technique and Quality Standard for Desmodium Styracifolium Seeds in Hainan Province%海南省广金钱草种子的繁育技术和质量标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨春雨; 甘炳春

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究海南省广金钱草的种子繁育技术。方法进行广金钱草种子调查采样、种子育苗、大田种植、种子采收、种子质量鉴定和种子贮存等研究。结果掌握了海南省广金钱草的种子调查采样、种子育苗、大田种植、种子采收、种子质量鉴定和种子贮存等技术。结论海南省广金钱草种子繁育技术由种子调查采样、种子育苗、大田种植、种子采收、种子质量鉴定和种子贮存等技术组成。%Objective To research the Desmodium styracifolium seeds breeding technique in Hainan province. Methods The researches on seeds sampling,seed seedling raising,field planting,seed collecting,seed quality identification and seed storage of Desmodium styraci-folium were performed. Results The techniques of Desmodium styracifolium seeds sampling,seed seedling raising,field planting,seed col-lecting,seed quality identification and seed storage were mastered. Conclusion The Hainan Desmodium styracifolium seeds breeding technique consists of seeds sampling,seed seedling raising,field planting,seed collecting,seed quality identification and seed storage.

  20. Quality Control Results of Medical Diagnostic X-ray Machine in Some Areas of Hebei Province%河北省部分地区医用X射线诊断设备质控检测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨彦文; 周开建; 曹子洲

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To investigate the quality control effects of medical diagnostic X-ray machine in hospitals at provincial, municipal and county levels. [Methods] Victoreen NERO mAx system, optical density meter, brightness meter were adopted for the test. [Results] All provincial hospitals were qualified, and none township hospital was qualified, the qualified rats of municipal and county hospitals were 33. 3% and 44.4% . The qualified rate of main test items of fluoroscopy X-ray machine performance (90% ) was better than that of photography X-ray machine (27. 8% ). [Conclusion] Many problems exist in X-ray machine quality in Hebei province which needs strengthening supervision of quality.%目的 调查河北省内省、市、县不同类型医院医用诊断X射线机质量控制水平.方法 主要采用Victoreen NEROTMmAx系统、光密度计、亮度仪进行检测.结果 省级医院全部合格,乡镇卫生院均不合格,市县合格率分别为33.3%与44.4%.就主要检测项目透视X线机性能质量合格率为90%,好于摄影X线机的合格率(27.8%).结论 河北省X射线诊断设备质量控制方面存在问题较多,必须加强质量控制检测的监督力度.

  1. 湖北省体育学类精品课程建设现状及对策研究%The Research on Present Situation and Countermeasures for Physical Education Courses of Quality in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑湘平; 陈义龙

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料、专家访谈和内容分析等方法,对湖北省体育类国家级、省级精品课程的师资队伍、教学内容、教材建设、教学方法和教学管理建设现状进行了分析,研究结果认为:师资队伍学缘结构单一、教学研究偏少、教材建设滞后、课程建设经费弱显不足。为了进一步提高湖北省精品课程的建设质量,针对存在的问题提出了相应的对策,以期为湖北省体育学类精品课程的建设提供参考。%Literature research,expert interviews and content analysis were used in this paper.The thesis,based on the quality course construction of national and provincial in Hubei province,analyzes the current situation of quality course from teaching staffs,teaching content,teaching material construction,teaching methods and Teaching Administration.The results show that course construction has the problem of single education-related structure;little teaching research;the construction of teaching materials is stagnant and so on.To further improve the quality of the construction,the paper gave some relevant countermeasures for the existing problems in addition.

  2. Pollution Across Chinese Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine Yap Co; Fanying Kong; Shuanglin Lin

    2008-01-01

    We revisit the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis using 1987-1995 data for Chinese provinces. A comparison of off-sample (1996-2004) predictions to actual emissions indicates that more stringent rules are still needed to fight industrial (waste water and dust) pollution. Auxiliary regressions show that conditional on income, northern provinces have lower industrial waste water pollution; non-coastal and provinces with smaller secondary industry shares have lower industrial (waste wa...

  3. Effects of Different Planting Patterns on Yield and Quality of Peanut in Northwest Hebei Province%不同种植方式对冀西北花生产量和品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王激清; 左利兵; 刘社平

    2011-01-01

    Ordinary peanut and color peanut were used as experiment material. Effects of three planting patterns, film covering and double ridge planting, single ridge planting and flat land drilling, on yield and quality of peanut were studied in northwest Hebei province. The results showed that comparing with single ridge planting and flat land drilling, film covering and double ridge planting could increase the germination rate of peanut and make the seedling stage, flowering stage and maturity stage earlier. Film covering and double ridge planting could significantly improve 100-pod weight and 100-seed weight and increase the number of pod per plant, so as to significantly increase yield of peanut. In addition, planting patterns affected quality of peanut. Film covering and double ridge planting could significantly increase protein content, ratio of oleic acid and linoleic acid. Results also showed that yield and protein content of color peanut were higher than those of ordinary peanut under same planting pattern. Therefore, color peanut has greater production potential in northwest Hebei province.%以普通花生(Arachis hypogaea L.)和引入的彩色花生为试验材料,研究覆膜双行垄种、单行垄种和平地直接条播3种种植方式对冀西北地区花生产量和品质的影响.结果表明,覆膜双行垄种能提高花生出苗率,且使花生出苗期、开花期和成熟期明显提前,与单行垄种和平地直接条播相比.覆膜双行垄种能显著提高花生的百果重和百仁重,并能增加花生的单株结果数,因此能显著提高花生产量;不同种植方式对花生子仁品质也有影响,覆膜双行垄种能显著提高花生蛋白质含量、油酸/亚油酸比值.同一种植方式下,彩色花生的产量和蛋白质含量高于普通花生,在冀西北地区有更大的推广应用潜力.

  4. Quality Detection and Analysis of Rural Drinking Water of Yunnan Province Zhanyi County%云南省沾益县农村生活饮用水水质检测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关会敏; 刘海云; 姬志林

    2012-01-01

    2011年对云南省沾益县8个乡镇217个饮水点采集水样,检测了26项卫生指标。结果表明:沾益县农村饮用水色度、浑浊度、肉眼可见物、PH、总硬度、耗氧量、氨氮、氟化物、铁、锰、硝酸盐氮、亚硝酸盐氮、硫酸盐、细菌总数、总大肠菌群指标超标,其中浑浊度、肉眼可见物、细菌总数、总大肠菌群尤为显著。通过此次调查发现,沾益县农村生活饮用水卫生状况不容乐观,应该大力改善农村生活用水水质,为农村人口的健康生活提供有力的保障。%Objective To understand the current situation of rural drinking water pollution by testing rural drinking water quality of the Yunnan province Zhanyi county,in order to improve the rural living water to provide a scientific basis.Method the water samples of 217 drinking water points were collected from 8 villages and towns of Zhanyi county,Yunnan province in 2011.Result rural drinking water color,turbidity,visible substance,PH,total hardness,oxygen consumption,ammonia nitrogen,fluoride,iron,manganese,nitrate nitrogen,nitrite nitrogen,sulfate,total bacteria,total coliform index which exceed the standard,especially turbidity,visible substance,total bacteria,total coliform.Conclusion Zhanyi county rural drinking water status is not optimistic through the survey,should be great efforts to improve the water quality of rural drinking water,for providing strong protection of rural population health life.

  5. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Musran Munizu

    2013-01-01

    This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM) practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery c...

  6. Continuous Quality Improvement Oriented Organization Design of Quality Management in Hospital: Zhejiang Province as An Example%基于持续改进的医院质量管理组织设计:以浙江省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊晶晶

    2012-01-01

    The study firstly analyzed the current situation of quality structure in three - level comprehensive hospitals and summarized experiences in the construction of quality structure in hospitals based on JCI standard system, ISO9000, six-sigma management model, Performance Excellence Model, Quality Control Circle, and so on. Secondly, it put forward a continuous quality improvement oriented organization design of quality management according to different quality activities. Finally, it described the structural framework of the organization design: Control - oriented quality activities mainly relied on existing three -level control system but must strengthen the function of senior leadership, quality department and quality management in clinical, administration and medical technology sections. Meanwhile, creative - oriented quality activities depended on the building and operation of cross - function teams to implement the goal of continuous quality improvement.%针对浙江省三级综合性医院质量管理组织设置现状,结合JCI、六西格玛、ISO9000、卓越绩效模式、Qc小组等质量管理组织建设经验,根据医院质量管理活动的不同特性,提出了基于持续改进的质量管理组织设计模型.指出:控制型质量活动依托常规的三级质控体系,从高层领导、质量专职部门、科室层面的质量管理3方面,强化了原有质量组织的职能与作用;创造型质量活动则借助跨职能团队的运作,到达持续质量改进的目的.

  7. 安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量现况调查%Sleep and quality of life among rural elderly in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 董青; 刘娟娟; 董永海; 杨林胜; 叶冬青; 黄芬

    2010-01-01

    Objective The primary purposes of this article were to examine the distributions and correlation between conditions of sleep and the quality of life,so as to explore the risk factors of abnormal sleep among elderly in the rural areas of Anhui province.Methods Elderly who aged 60 years or more (n= 1680) were randomly selected from rural areas in Anhui province.Conditions of sleep and quality of life of the subjects were assessed independently,using the pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQ1) scale and SF-36 scale.A generalized logistic model analysis was performed,using sleep-related factors as explanatory variables.Results The average PSQI score was 7.43 + 4.13.Persons whose sleep conditions were graded as well,common or poor were accounted for 29.4%,24.3%,46.3%,respectively.Sex and sleep quality were different in terms of quality of life among all the factors (P<0.05).Men had better quality than women,and poor sleepers had poorer quality of life as compared to the one with better conditions.Factors as being married/living alone/economically independent,having better social function,often eating meat or wheat were significant predictors for having good sleep conditions.However,factors as better education received,living alone,with poor vitality/general health,having chronic diseases (back pain,coronary heart or stomach disease),less meat intake,rice as major foods etc.were predictors for poorer sleeping condition.Conclusion Our data showed that it was unsatisfactory on the quality of sleep among the rural elderly in Anhui province.Conditions on general,health and nutrition should be improved in order to prevent the poor sleep condition.%目的 了解安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量的现状及两者的相关性,并探索睡眠异常的影响因素.方法 分别应用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表、SF-36量表评价安徽省农村老年人的睡眠状况和生活质量.采用广义logistic回归分析模型筛选睡眠的影响因素.结果 睡眠

  8. 甘肃省部分市级医疗机构消毒质量调查%INVESTIGATION ON DISINFECTION QUALITY OF SOME MUNICIPAL HOSPITALS IN GANSU PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭红; 贾玉新; 宁俊艳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To know the disinfection quality situation in municipal hospitals of Gansu province, so as to find out the existing problems and to propose improving measures. Methods On the spot investigation and sampling method were used to monitor disinfection quality in hospital. Results 10307 samples were detected in 2007 ~2010. The average overall qualified rate was 85. 57%. Among monitoring objects, the qualified rate of sterile device sterilization was the highest, reaching 93. 86%. The eligible rates of disinfectant in use, indoor air and ultraviolet lamp were 90. 73% ,76. 76% and 78. 20% respectively. The eligible rate of disinfection quality of municipal hospital, workers hospital and private clinics were 94. 02% ,93.38% and 78.52% respectively. Conclusion The disinfection quality situations in Gansu municipal hospitals are at medium level and the quality of sterile device disinfection should be paid more attention and be improved.%目的 了解甘肃省市级医疗机构消毒质量状况,找出存在的问题,提出改进管理的措施.方法 采用现场调查和采样检测方法,对甘肃省部分医疗机构消毒质量进行监测.结果 自2007-2010年连续4年共检测样品10 307份,平均总合格率为85.57%.监测对象中,以无菌器械灭菌合格率最高,为93.86%;使用中消毒剂、室内空气和紫外线灯合格率分别为90.73%、76.76%和78.20%.市级医疗机构、厂矿职工医院和个体诊所消毒质量平均合格率依次为94.02%、93.38%和78.52%.结论 甘肃省部分市级医疗机构总体消毒质量处于中等水平,无菌器械灭菌质量应重点关注,必须改进和提高.

  9. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study is based on an ethnobotanical research project conducted in Hormozgan province that is located in south of Iran, bordering waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. This survey was carried out in order to recover the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge of the residents of this province. They are using medicinal and functional plants for treating or preventing several diseases. Materials and Methods: Ethnobotanical data sheets were run with the native inhabitants and people of the province by arranging frequent field trips to different parts of the province and direct interviews with them especially those who were more familiar with the plants and their usage.Results: A total of 150 plant species belonging to 53 families were recorded for their ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal uses among the people of province. The records were developed by scientific names, family names, local names, medicinal parts used, different ways of their application, and traditional uses of the plants. There was high compliance in the use of plants in painful disorders, gastrointestinal, and dermatological diseases.Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life. Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  10. Community health centers and primary care access and quality for chronically-ill patients – a case-comparison study of urban Guangdong Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Shi, Leiyu; Lee, De-Chih; Liang, Hailun; Zhang, Luwen; Makinen, Marty; Blanchet, Nathan; Kidane, Ruth; Lindelow, Magnus; Wang, Hong; Wu, Shaolong

    2015-01-01

    Objective Reform of the health care system in urban areas of China has prompted concerns about the utilization of Community Health Centers (CHC). This study examined which of the dominant primary care delivery models, i.e., the public CHC model, the ‘gate-keeper’ CHC model, or the hospital-owned CHC models, was most effective in enhancing access to and quality of care for patients with chronic illness. Methods The case-comparison design was used to study nine health care organizations in Guan...

  11. 贵州省医学院校人文素质教育的现状及对策%Present situation and countermeasures of humanistic quality in Guizhou Province medical education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙强

    2013-01-01

      面对医学教育模式的转变和我国五年制《本科医学教育标准-临床医学专业(试行)》的基本要求,文章在调研贵州省属三所医学高校人文素质教育现状的基础上,强调必须结合贵州经济、教育和医疗卫生事业发展相对滞后的现状,提出提升贵州省医学高等人文素质教育水平的对策。%Face on medical education model change and China's five year system"standards of undergraduate medical education and clinical medicine (Trial)"basic requirements, based on the investigation of Guizhou provincial three Medical College of Humanities Quality Education in the current situation, must be combined with the Guizhou economic, educational and medical and health undertakings development relative lag, advances some countermeasures to promote the Guizhou province higher medical humanities education level.

  12. Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Urban Ambient Air Quality and Its Main Influence Factors in Hubei Province%湖北省城市环境空气质量时空演化格局及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁镭; 刘超; 黄亚林; 陈昆仑; 曾克峰

    2016-01-01

    以湖北省17个城市2004-2013年的空气监测数据为基础,利用Daniel趋势检验、空间插值分析、面板计量模型等方法分析城市环境空气质量的时空演化特征及主要影响因素.结果表明,10年间湖北省城市空气质量总体呈下降趋势,其中空气质量下降的城市有10个,并在月份上表现出“U型”特征,冬季的1月和12月份是空气污染最严重时期.其次,湖北省的城市空气污染存在一定的空间转移趋势,SO2的污染重心由鄂西的恩施州和宜昌等地区,逐步向荆州、宜昌以及鄂东南的黄石、鄂州转移;NO2和PM10的污染主要集中在个别受工业污染与城市汽车尾气排放影响比较突出的大中型城市,如武汉、宜昌、鄂州、黄石等地区.面板计量检验表明,建成区面积、汽车拥有量两个解释变量对空气环境有着显著的作用,SO2和综合空气质量指数与城市经济发展呈现“U型”曲线的变化趋势,空气污染依然严峻.因而,严格控制城市规模、有序地进行城市建设和汽车尾气污染治理是当前湖北省城市空气环境治理的一个重要方向.在产业结构调整、工业污染减排的大背景下,未来需优化区域产业布局、落实涉气建设项目环评区域限批、加强区域联防联控.%The air monitoring data of 17 cities in Hubei province during 2004-2013 were obtained from the municipal statistical yearbook and statistical bulletin.This article applied methods such as Daniel trend test,spatial interpolation method and panel econometric model to analyze spatial and temporal characteristics of city ambient air quality and the main influence factors.The result showed that urban air quality of Hubei Province was on the decline in general,among which 10 cites' air quality descend with "U" characteristics,the most serious situation appeared in January and December in winter.Second,there was a bit of space transfer trend of the air pollution in Hubei

  13. Relationship between Leisure Economic Development and Quality of Urbanization in Chinese Provinces during a Transitional Period%转型期中国省域休闲经济发展水平与城镇化质量关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张广海; 刘金宏

    2014-01-01

    运用空间计量经济学方法,以中国31个省(市、自治区)为研究单元,对经济社会转型时期,中国省域休闲经济发展水平与城镇化质量关系进行理论分析与实证研究。结果表明,中国各省级区域休闲经济发展伴随较为明显的空间集聚过程,城镇化质量存在显著的空间正相关性,并呈现局域集群趋势;休闲经济发展各影响因素对省域城镇化质量提高具有显著的正向作用,且各因素影响系数存在差异性;此外,邻近省域休闲经济发展对城镇化质量的提高表现为较强的空间溢出效应与关联效应,并且其空间异质性特征明显。因此,应结合中国当前不同地区休闲经济发展现状以及经济社会发展情况,考虑空间作用机制,提出多样化的休闲经济发展模式,合理、有效推动城镇化以质量为导向健康发展。%Using spatial econometrics model,the paper analyzes theoretically and researches empirically the relationship between the level of leisure economic development and the quality of urbanization based on spatial samples of China’s 31 provinces during a transitional period of our economic society.The research shows thatthe development of leisure economy in Chinese provinces has been accompanied by the process of more obvious spatial agglomeration,and the quality of urbanization has the significant and positive spatial correlation presenting the trend of local cluster.Meanwhile,the influential factors of the development of leis-ure economy have significant and positive impact on the improvement of urbanization’ s quality,and various factors coefficient are different.Besides,the development of leisure economy of the surrounding provincial re-gion impacts the improvement of urbanization's quality with remarkable spatial spillover and associated effects, but its spatial heterogeneity is obvious.So,the government should integrate present situation of leisure eco

  14. Study on the Quality of Life and Health Status of the Elderly in Liaoning Province%辽宁省老年人群生活质量及健康现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王毅; 宋旿一; 李博宇

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the quality of life of the elderly population in Liaoning Province, and to analyze the relevant factors, to provide evidence for the elderly health intervention programs. Methods literature research, questionnaire, interview and statistics and other methods. Results between rural and urban intervention and control groups, the elderly population there are differences in socio-demographic status, economic status, lifestyle behaviors, mental status, chronic diseases and so on. Conclusion Factors affecting the quality of life of urban and rural elderly population differences in economic income, education, living conditions, health awareness, and make recommendations.%目的:通过调查辽宁省老年人群生命质量状况,分析相关影响因素,为老年健康干预方案提供依据。方法采用文献研究法、问卷调查法、访谈法和统计学等方法。结果城乡干预组与对照组间,老年人群在社会人口学状况、经济状况、行为生活方式、心理状况、慢性病等方面存在差异。结论造成城乡老年人群生命质量差异的影响因素为经济收入、受教育程度、居住条件、健康意识等,并提出建议。

  15. 渭河陕西段水环境质量评价%Evaluation of Water Environmental Quality of the Weihe River in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平; 向太吉; 侯淑敏; 王丰; 问思恩; 任惠丽

    2015-01-01

    应用改进的模糊层次分析法对渭河干流陕西段2014年各监测点5个指标进行水污染程度权重和隶属度综合分析,结果显示,渭河陕西段DO达到Ⅱ类水质标准,CODMn为Ⅲ类水质标准,NH3-N达到I类水质标准,TP和TN均为Ⅴ类水质.评价单因子污染指数由大到小分别为TN>TP>CODMn>DO>NH3-N.权重分析显示:总磷(TP)和总氮(TN)的权重均在40%以上,对水质的影响程度最大.分析表明:通过长期以来对渭河陕西段水质污染的防治,水体环境有了明显改善,对比2002年数据,综合污染指数下降了79.1%,氨氮、DO和CODMn均在Ⅲ类水质标准以内,尤其是CODMn和NH3-N对比2010年数据,下降幅度分别达到85.1%和95.6%,总磷和总氮浓度远远低于往年.%The five indexes of each monitoring point inShaanxi section of the Weihe River in 2014 were analyzed by the com⁃prehensive analysis of the water pollution degree of weight and membership degree with the application of the improved fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. The result showed that the DO in Shaanxi section of the Weihe River were within class II of water quality stand⁃ards, the CODMn was within class III and the NH3-N was within class I, TN and TP were class V of water quality. The evaluation of single factor pollution index from small to large order was, respectively, TN, TP, CODMn, DO, NH3-N. Weight analysis showed that the total phosphorus (TP) and total nitrogen (TN) weights were all over 40%, which had the largest degree of impact on water quality. Analysis showed that the aquatic environment had improved significantly though the long-term prevention and treatment ai⁃ming at water pollution in Shaanxi section of the Weihe River in 2014, compared with the data of 2002, comprehensive pollution in⁃dex fell by 79.1%, the ammonia nitrogen, DO and CODMn were within class III of water quality standard, especially CODMn and NH

  16. Status of Life Quality of Elderly People in Hebei Province and Its Influencing Factors%河北省老年人生存质量现状及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海娟; 刘俊杰; 张敏; 李淑杏; 陈长香; 吴保平

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of life quality of the elderly in Hebei Province and to explore its influencing factors. Methods The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment - Brief Version ( WHOQOL - BREF ) and self - designed general questionnaire including age, sex, residence, education background, marital status, income, family living style, family function and chronic diseases were used for household interview. All the questionnaires were retrieved and checked one by one, the omitted or missed items were timely complemented at the same day. The informed data were statistically analyzed. Results The scores of life quality of the elderly in Hebei Province were ( 59. 1 ± 16. 9 ) physiologically, ( 59. 3 ± 14. 9 ) psychologically, ( 63. 6 ± 15. 0 ) sociologically, and ( 56. 6 ± 14. 7 ) environmentally, which were all significantly lower than the norms (P<0. 05) . The monthly income [ OR = 1. 969, 95% CI(1.396, 2.833)), family function [ OR = 0. 597 , 95% CI ( 0. 395 , 0. 903 ) ], daily exercise ability [ OR = 5. 406, 95% CI ( 3. 736, 7. 823 ) ] and chronic disease [ OR = 1. 528 , 95% CI ( 1. 095 , 2. 133 ) ] exerted significant impacts on their quality of life ( P <0. 05 ) . Conclusion The quality of life of the elderly in Hebei Province is generally not good, to which enough attention from the society and community should be given. For the elderly whose monthly income is lower, family function is not good, daily exercise ability is short, or who has a history of chronic disease, it is necessary to raise social and family support so as to improve their health level and quality of life.%目的 了解河北省老年人生存质量现状及影响因素.方法 采用世界卫生组织生存质量测定表简表(WHOQOL-BREF)、家庭功能评估量表(APGAP)和自编一般情况问卷(包括被调查者的年龄、性别、居住地、文化程度、婚姻状况、收入、家庭居住方式、家庭功能、慢性病等)以入户访谈方式逐个

  17. Food quality and safety in export fresh fruit horticultural products: Implying in the labor process of agribusiness related to sweat citrus fruit in Entre Rios province Calidad y seguridad alimentaria en productos frutihortícolas frescos de exportación: Implicaciones en los procesos laborales de la agroindustria de cítricos dulces de Entre Ríos

    OpenAIRE

    Nidia Tadeo

    2008-01-01

    In the early 1990s the world market increases the demand of fresh fruit horticultural products in order to satisfy customers who require standardised products and "just in time" delivery. Meanwhile a great number of food quality and safety regulations are developed which are also concerned in workers wellfare, prohibition of children work and inverorment protection. This article shows the results of a study about citrus fruit and agribusiness related to citrus fruit in Entre Rios province, th...

  18. The Correlation between Obesity and Physical Quality in University Students in Yunnan Province%云南省大学生肥胖与身体素质的相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳慧蓉; 李正惺

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the correlation between obesity and physical quality of university students in Yunnan province by using the body mass index (BMI) as a tool,and to provide the basis for improving students'sports quality and prevention of obesity.Methods Using the data of student physical health survey in 2010 in Yunnan province,the height,weight,vital capacity,grip,standing long jump,pull-ups,endurance running,and body bending on seat of 1599 university students aged from 19 to 22 years were measured,and the relationship between obesity,physical activity and physical fitness level was analyzed.Results The detection rate of overweight and obesity was male > female (P < 0.01),underweight,overweight and obesity groups of university students did not like sports (16.72%,19.44%,13.64%),had bad somatosensory (23.21%,35.19%,50%),significantly higher than normal weight groups (10.37%) and (21.17%) (P < 0.01).Boys' BMI showed a positive correlation with vital capacity,grip strength and endurance running,a negative correlation with standing long jump and pull-ups.Girls' BMI showed a positive correlation with vital capacity,grip strength and endurance running,a negative correlation with the index of standing long jump.Conclusion Obesity can cause a decline in physical quality of university students,overweight and obesity intervention for university students is imperative.%目的 分析2010年云南大学生超重/肥胖与身体活动/身体素质的关系,为提高学生运动素质、预防肥胖提供依据.方法 以体质量指数(BMI)为工具,利用云南省2010年学生体质健康调研的资料,对1 599名19~ 22岁大学生进行身高、体重、肺活量、握力、立定跳远、引体向上、耐力跑和坐位体前屈的测量,分析大学生肥胖与身体活动、体能水平的关系.结果 超重与肥胖的检出男>女(P<0.01),过轻、超重和肥胖组的大学生不喜欢体育(16.72%、19.44%、13.64

  19. Analysis on Environmental Quality and Its Causation in Jiangsu Province during the 11 th Five Years Plan%江苏省“十一五”环境质量状况及成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄卫; 沈红军; 张涛

    2011-01-01

    Environmental quality of air, water, noise and pollutants discharge was analysed during the " e-leventh five-year plan" period in Jiangsu province. In the period, economic gross increased at average speed of 13.5% but it had brought about high pressure on environment, resource and energy consumption. Total produce of wastewater, exhaust gases and soild waste increased rapidly. By increasing investment of the energy conservation , emissions reduction and environmental protection, a series of measures prevent and control pollution to effectively change the tendence of environmental quality deterioration. According to the national environmental protection requirements during the "12th Five Years Plan" period, Jiangsu will build ecological province to promote environmental and economic development by reduction of the total emission and pollutants discharge, industry structure adjustment, environment comprehensive management of key river and region, implementation of " blue sky engineering" , solving the important environmental problems and new environmental problems, improvement of environmental quality, and environmental risk prevention.%结合江苏省“十一五”期间环境质量状况及变化情况,综合分析了环境空气、水环境、声环境质量及污染物排放状况.“十一五”期间,江苏省经济总量以13.5%的平均速度增长,社会、经济的快速发展给全省环境质量带来巨大的胁迫压力,资源能源消耗迅速攀升,“三废”产生总量持续增长;而由于加大了节能减排和环境治理投入力度,采取了一系列措施防治污染,环境质量恶化趋势得到有效遏制.提出,“十二五”期间,江苏省要以生态省建设为抓手,按照国家环境保护“十二五”规划要求,深化总量减排,加大产业结构调整力度,加强重点流域区域环境综合治理,加快实施“蓝天工程”,着力解决重要环境问题、新型环境问题,进一步强化环境质量改善,

  20. 皖南旅游区乡村人居环境质量评价及影响分析%Evaluation of rural human settlement quality difference and its driving factors in tourism area of southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兴柱; 王群

    2013-01-01

    .By choosing the infrastructure,public service facilities,energy consumption structure,living conditions,and environmental sanitation as the evaluation factors,this study built an evaluation index system of the rural human settlement quality.Then,this paper presented an empirical analysis of rural human settlements in tourism area of southern Anhui Province,with the method of factor analysis,entropy method,and canonical correlation.Results show that the overall score of the quality presents "dual-core structure,the rise of central region and the collapse of the periphery" phenomenon.The infrastructure has the pattern of "triple-core structure and more dense than the south".The higher level spatial units are mainly located in Tunxi District,Qingyang County and northem part of the province.The public service facilities have the pattem of "dual-core structure".The mononuclear structure of energy consumption structure and living conditions were concentrated in Tunxi District.However,the core of environmental sanitation is mainly concentrated in Shexian and Ningguo counties.Meanwhile,a variety of influencing factors interact to determine quality of rural human settlements.The paper focused on natural environment,socio-economic development,tourism development,and regional culture.Based on the differences between their effective way and degree to quality of rural human settlements,these influencing factors are classified into positive and negative factors.Climatic conditions,poverty level and spatial distance have direct negative impact on quality of rural human settlements,while the remaining factors have direct positive impact.Natural environment and regional culture play a relatively stable role in rural human settlements evolution.Tourism development is a key driving force to generate the rural human settlement quality difference.Tourism development factors including the level of tourism economy,the endowment of tourism resources,tourism services and facilities,and tourism

  1. 某省县级结核病防治门诊病案质量调查与分析%Investigation of Medical Record Quality in County Level Tuberculosis Control Clinics in One Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹声; 陈求扬; 林淑芳; 林勇明

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate medical record quality in county level tuberculosis (TB) clinics in Fujian, to provide reference for the formulation of policy. Method Through a random check of medical record information in county level TB clinic for one year registration of active TB patients, the unified design of table was investigated. Result During the five years, the majority of medical record for patients with active TB had been tidied up timely on request. Among the medical record, some documents were well collected, including report of liver function tests, X - ray examination report, treatment agreement, treatment and management feedback, medication treatment supervision card. However, the collection of sputum smear examination report had to be improved; and most of the medical records were relatively simple. Conclusion The quality of county level medical records for active TB patients gradually improved in Fujian province. The quality awareness should be improved and medical record data collection and writing should be strengthened among out - patient doctors ; and the medical self - protection awareness must be strengthened to standardize written medical record.%目的 了解福建省县级结核病防治门诊病案质量现状,为制定政策提供参考依据.方法 随机抽查县级结核病防治门诊登记满1年的活动性肺结核患者病案资料,根据统一设计的表格进行检查.结果 5年间,大多数活动性肺结核痛患者的病案资料已按要求及时整理归档;抽查的病案资料中,肝功能检查报告单、X线检查报告单、治疗协议书、治疗管理反馈单与服药督导卡等单据收集较完整,但痰涂片检查报告单的收集还有待改进;大多数病案记录相对简单.结论 福建省县级活动性肺结核痛患者病案资料质量逐步提高;应提高结核病防治门诊医生质量意识,加强病案资料的收集;必须强化结核病防治门诊医生自我保护的意识,规范书写病案.

  2. Comparative Study on Fruit Quality of Newhall Navel Orange in Southern Jiangxi Province%赣南纽荷尔脐橙果实品质比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖九江; 马小焕; 钟莉华; 彭良志

    2012-01-01

    Effects of tree age, soil type, fertilization and average annual temperature on fruit quality of Newhall navel orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) on trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata (L )) rootstocks were investigated in 96 orchards in 9 counties of southern Jiangxi province. Results showed that fruit total soluble solids (TSS) were increased as the tree age increased. The quality of fruits sampled from red soil and purple soil orchards was better than those sampled from yellow soil orchards. TSS content of fruits sampled from orchards applied with peanut cakes or bio-organic fertilizers was significantly higher than that of fruits fertilized with inorganic fertilizers and bio-organic fertilizers, and the bio-organic fertilizers were the best. Fruits from areas with average annual temperature of 19. 2~19. 7 ℃ had better quality than those from areas with annual average temperatures of 17. 7~17. 8 ℃ and 18. 5~18. 8 ℃ .%以赣南9个县市的96个纽荷尔脐橙园为试材,研究树龄、土壤类型、施肥种类和年平均气温对脐橙果实品质的影响.结果表明,随树龄增加,脐橙果实可溶性固形物含量提高;红壤和紫色土果园的果实品质较好,黄壤稍差;施用花生饼肥或生物有机肥为主的果园果实品质更好,可溶性固形物含量和固酸比显著高于施用化肥为主的果园;年平均气温19.2~19.7℃生态区的果实可溶性固形物含量和固酸比显著高于17.7~17.8℃生态区和18.5~18.8℃生态区.

  3. 江苏近海水域2007年与1998年水质状况差异性分析%Difference analysis of water quality in offshore areas in Jiangsu Province in 2007 and 1998

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾莉; 华祖林; 褚克坚; 荣金

    2011-01-01

    Based on the results of the investigation into the water environment in the offshore areas in Jiangsu Province in May, 2007 and May, 1998, the water qualities in different coastal regions including the Haizhou Bay, the radial sand ridges, and the north branch of the Yangtze River were analyzed, and the differences in the content of the main water quality indices in the sea for these regions were compared in detail. The results show that the average concentrations of mercury in all these coastal regions reach grade II of the national marine water quality standard. The range of the envelope curve for mercury with a concentration of 0.1 μg/L in 2007 was much larger than that in 1998. The oil concentrations in the coastal regions increased in 2007, except for the Haizhou Bay. The DO concentrations in most coastal regions were higher in 2007 than in 1998, except for part of the northern region. The TP concentrations in the inshore areas decreased in 2007, and their pollution ranges in the offshore areas increased significantly.%基于2007年5月和1998年5月对江苏近海的水环境调查结果,统计分析了海州湾、辐射沙洲和长江北支等不同海域的水质状况,并对海水中部分重要水质指标含量的差异性进行了详细的对比分析.结果表明:汞在各海域的均值浓度可达到国家二类海水水质标准,但是2007年汞的0.1μg/L质量浓度包络线范围明显大于1998年;除了海州湾地区外,其余海域的油类浓度增大;除北部局部海区,2007年的溶解氧浓度基本高于1998年;2007年总磷浓度在近岸区有所降低,但近海海域的总磷污染范围增加较为明显.

  4. Operation Control and Information Management System of Shandong Province Environmental Water Quality Automatic Monitoring Network%山东省环境水质自动监测网运行管理系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许杨; 邱晓国; 李浩; 莫红; 万黎

    2012-01-01

    monitoring information, automatic assessment and system one-stop management upon operation and maintenance performance. Currently, this system has been widely applied in the Shandong Province and already achieved a remarkable accomplishment, which guarantees the accuracy, comparability and timeliness of monitoring data, provides technical safeguard for early warning of water quality safety, and offers scientific basis for environmental water quality improving measures designed by various government levels.

  5. 福建省少年篮球运动员的身体素质和技术现状%On the Physical Quality and Current Technological Situation of Teenage Basketball Player in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马黎磊

    2012-01-01

    The paper aims to make the current assessment and statistics about physical quality and technology for 168 men and women athletes who attended the junior group basketball championship in 2011,according to the projects and requirements of the National Teenage and Children Basketball Teaching Training Program promulgated in 2009 and through adopting the field test,the literature material,field interview methods.In the process of analyzing statistics,the author has found some problems and put forward some suggestions in order to make the overall level of teenage basketball sports so as to form a good pyramid in Fujian,make the level of the teenagers closer,make a more competitive situation appearing in each team,and convey good basketball reserve talents for the first-line and second-line teams and physical universities in our province.%为了了解福建省篮球后备人才的发展现状,采用现场测试的方法,对参加福建省2011年少年乙组篮球锦标赛的168名男女学生运动员,按国家体育总局2009年颁布的全国青少年儿童篮球教学训练大纲的标准进行身体素质和技术的测评。研究表明:福建省少年篮球运动员的技术动作、球感和速度差距明显;60 s多点移动投篮、20 s卧推、单脚起跳助跑摸高成绩不理想;无论是身体素质还是技术水平,福州女队明显高出其他球队。

  6. Health-related quality of life as measured with EQ-5D among populations with and without specific chronic conditions: a population-based survey in Shaanxi Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhijun Tan

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL as measured by EQ-5D and to investigate the influence of chronic conditions and other risk factors on HRQoL based on a distributed sample located in Shaanxi Province, China. METHODS: A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was performed to select subjects. EQ-5D was employed to measure the HRQoL. The likelihood that individuals with selected chronic diseases would report any problem in the EQ-5D dimensions was calculated and tested relative to that of each of the two reference groups. Multivariable linear regression models were used to investigate factors associated with EQ VAS. RESULTS: The most frequently reported problems involved pain/discomfort (8.8% and anxiety/depression (7.6%. Nearly half of the respondents who reported problems in any of the five dimensions were chronic patients. Higher EQ VAS scores were associated with the male gender, higher level of education, employment, younger age, an urban area of residence, access to free medical service and higher levels of physical activity. Except for anemia, all the selected chronic diseases were indicative of a negative EQ VAS score. The three leading risk factors were cerebrovascular disease, cancer and mental disease. Increases in age, number of chronic conditions and frequency of physical activity were found to have a gradient effect. CONCLUSION: The results of the present work add to the volume of knowledge regarding population health status in this area, apart from the known health status using mortality and morbidity data. Medical, policy, social and individual attention should be given to the management of chronic diseases and improvement of HRQoL. Longitudinal studies must be performed to monitor changes in HRQoL and to permit evaluation of the outcomes of chronic disease intervention programs.

  7. Uranium Provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Three uranium provinces are recognized in China, the Southeast China uranium province, the Northeast China-lnner Mongolia uranium province and the Northwest China (Xinjiang) uranium province. The latter two promise good potential for uranium resources and are major exploration target areas in recent years. There are two major types of uranium deposits: the Phanerozoic hydrothermal type (vein type) and the Meso-Cenozoic sandstone type in different proportions in the three uranium provinces. The most important reason or prerequisite for the formation of these uranium provinces is that Precambrian uranium-enriched old basement or its broken parts (median massifs) exists or once existed in these regions, and underwent strong tectonomagmatic activation during Phanerozoic time. Uranium was mobilized from the old basement and migrated upwards to the upper structural level together with the acidic magma originating from anatexis and the primary fluids, which were then mixed with meteoric water and resulted in the formation of Phanerozoic hydrothermal uranium deposits under extensional tectonic environments. Erosion of uraniferous rocks and pre-existing uranium deposits during the Meso-Cenozoic brought about the removal of uranium into young sedimentary basins. When those basins were uplifted and slightly deformed by later tectonic activity, roll-type uranium deposits were formed as a result of redox in permeable sandstone strata.

  8. 广东省农村饮水安全工程水质监测现状分析及对策探讨%Water Quality Monitoring Condition Analysis and Countermeasures for Rural Drinking Water Safe Project in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏宏生; 凌刚

    2015-01-01

    Water Quality Monitoring is the key link of Operation management after construction of drinking water safe project in rural, and to establish a sound monitoring system for water quality is the guarantee of safe drinking water.Current situation and characteristics of water quality monitoring for drinking water safe project have been analyzed in rural in Guangdong province.And the results show that no setting up monitoring network, incomplete water quality monitoring system, failure to establish the effectiveness of the mechanism of water quality monitoring, ect..So the countermeasure and suggestion have been put forward on Water Quality Monitoring of drinking water safe project in rural in Guangdong Province, such as corresponding countermeasures for establishing the long-term mechanism of water quality monitoring, accelerating the establishment of Water quality testing center of county-level, establishing assessment mechanism of Water Quality Monitoring, ect.%水质监测是农饮水工程建后运行管理的重点环节, 建立完善的水质监测体系是安全饮水的保障. 目前广东省农饮水工程水质监测存在监测网络未建立、 水质监测体制不完善、 未能建立长效监测机制等现状, 为此文章提出了全省统一规划农饮水水质监测体系、 建立县级为单位的水质监测子系统、 加快建设县级农村饮水安全水质检测中心及建立水质监测考核机制等对策和建议.

  9. Analysis on quality surveillance of rural drinking water in Zhenning county of Guizhou province in 2011%贵州省镇宁县2011年农村生活饮用水监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张虎

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To understand the health status of drinking water in rural Zhenning. METHODS According to the status of monitoring point and result reports of water quality in The 2011 Guizhou province Technical Scheme for Health Monitoring of Rural Drinking Water Quality, the basic survey and sampling examination were performed, and the results were analyzed. RESULTS Overall, the water quality in groundwater was better than that in surface water in Zhenning county. The differences were statistically significant (χ2 = 14.49, P < 0.01). The qualified rate of water quality in dry and wet season was 39.3% and 38.4% respectively. The qualified rate of finished water and tap water in dry season all was 39.3%, and the qualified rate of finished water and tap water in wet season was 37.5% and 39.3% respectively. The primary influencing factor of rural drinking water in Zhenning county was microbial indicator translate. CONDUSION The water quality in rural Zhenning county should be further improved. The disinfection process of rural drinking water was absolutely necessary in the future. The broader public education and higher monitoring frequency of drinking water are needed as to ensure health and safety of drinking water in rural Zhenning county.%目的 了解镇宁县农村饮用水卫生现状.方法 依据《2011年贵州省农村饮用水水质卫生监测技术方案》监测点情况和水质结果报告中的内容进行基本情况调查并采样检测,对结果进行分析.结果 总体来讲,镇宁县地下水水质较地面水水质好,差异有统计学意义(x2=14.49,P< 0.01).枯、丰水期水质合格率分别为39.3%和38.4%,其中,枯水期出厂水和末梢水合格率均为39.3%.丰水期出厂水和末梢水合格率分别为37.5%和39.3%.微生物指标、肉眼可见物是影响镇宁县农村饮用水水质的主要因素.结论 镇宁县的农村改水工作应进一步完善,农村饮用水消毒工艺必不可少.应加大饮水卫生宣

  10. Evaluation and Analysis on Spatial Differences of Urbanization Quality of Henan Province%河南省城镇化协调发展评价与空间差异分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雒海潮; 李国梁

    2015-01-01

    China’s urbanization process and urban construction have taken a notable achievement in the past 30 years since the reform and opening-up. At present, the Chinese urbanization has entered a new stage. The ur-banization speed is fast in recent years in China, but China’s urbanization level is still lower than the average level of the world, especially the urbanization quality is low. The high-speed urbanization which develops healthily will have to face many severe problems. We must pay attention to construction of healthy urbaniza-tion while paying attention to the urbanization speed. This paper presents urbanization coordination develop-ment is very important to construction of healthy urbanization. This paper decomposes composite urbanization into four parts, namely population urbanization, economic urbanization, land urbanization and social urbaniza-tion. With further consideration, the four parts must be in the coordination coupling state, if not that, composite urbanization will be in an un-health state. The technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) method is applied to evaluate the coordination degree of the four categories of urbanization which is the results of decomposition of comprehensive urbanization. Base on the demographic data at a district level, the article analyzed the coordination development and spatial disparities of urbanization in Henan province in 2012, by a comprehensive application of software Excell and IBM MapInfo 20.0. The result shows that: 1) these cities belonged to high grade coordinated category include Jiyuan, Xinxiang and Jiaozuo. 2) These cities belonged to secondary grade coordinated category include Zhengzhou, Shangqiu, Luoyang, Anyang, but these cities are backward in land urbanization. 3) These cities belonged to primary coordinated category include He-bi and Luohe, but these cities are backward in social urbanization. It may be the cause that is ignored that suffi-cient supply of public

  11. 青海牧区高寒草甸草地放牧藏羊肉品质分析%Meat Quality of Tibetan Sheep Grazed in Alpine Meadows in Qinghai Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄文颖

    2015-01-01

    研究青海藏羊和小尾寒羊的肉营养品质、氨基酸含量。结果表明:藏羊肉蛋白质含量为21.96%,极显著高于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.01);脂肪含量为2.66%,显著低于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.05);氨基酸总量、非必需氨基酸含量分别极显著高于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.01),必需氨基酸含量显著高于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.05),特别是藏羊肉中谷氨酸含量显著高于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.05);说明藏羊属于高蛋白质、低脂肪、氨基酸含量丰富的动物性食品,符合当今人们对优质健康肉食品的要求。%In this study, we analyzed the nutritional quality and amino acid composition of fresh meats of Tibetan sheep and small-tail Han sheep grazed in alpine meadows in Qinghai province. The results indicated that the protein content of muscles of Tibetan sheep was 21.96%, which was significantly higher than that of small-tail Han sheep (P< 0.01), and the fat content was 2.66%, which was significantly reduced compared with muscles of small-tail Han lamb (P < 0.05). Both total amino acids and non-essential amino acids were extremely significantly (P< 0.01) more abundant and essential amino acids especially glutamic acid were significantly (P< 0.05) more abundant in muscles of Tibetan sheep than in small-tail Han sheep. These data showed that meat of Tibet sheep is characterized by high protein, low fat and abundant amino acids and thus can meet the consumer demand for high-quality and healthy meat products.

  12. 浙江省15项临床检验质量指标调查结果与分析%Analysis of 15 quality indicators in clinical laboratory in Zhejiang province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郦卫星; 王治国; 康凤凤; 单志明; 宋超; 陈兵权; 王敏琦; 周杰

    2016-01-01

    目的:建立并实施临床检验质量指标调查体系,分析浙江省15项临床检验质量指标的现状。方法设计并开发质量指标网络平台,统一向473家实验室发放电子调查表,要求1个月内在线回报结果。统计分析采用开发的软件结合SPSS13.0,以率表示的13项指标再用西格玛度量评价。采用各质量指标总体分布的P75、P50和P25探索最佳、适当和最低质量规范。结果444家实验室回报结果。10/13项指标其总体σ水平>3σ,但其中室内质控项目CV不合格率和室间质评项目不合格率<3σ的实验室比例仍有15.8%和9.2%。不同等级医院实验室和不同专业之间存在明显差异。常规检验前TAT生化和免疫平均约50 min,三大常规和凝血试验为30 min,急诊检验前TAT均为10~15 min。实验室内TAT免疫最长,常规和急诊检验分别为154 min和40 min。8/13项指标的最佳质量规范要求达到6σ水平,而4/13项指标的最低质量规范都小于1σ。结论浙江省临床实验室检验前阶段的质量指标总体水平优于检验中和检验后阶段,实验室应加强信息化建设,保证可靠的数据采集和长期监控。(中华检验医学杂志,2016,39:23-28)%Objective To establish and apply the procedure of survey on quality indicator in clinical laboratory and to analyze the status in quo of the 15 quality indicators in Zhejiang province .Methods A network platform for the survey on quality indicator in clinical laboratory was designed and developed by our center.The online questionnaires that should be reported back within one month were assigned to 473 laboratories.The developed software and SPSS 13.0 were used for statistical analysis .13 indicators expressed in rate were further evaluated with sigma scales .The 25th percentile, 50th percentile, and 75th percentile of the distribution of each quality indicator were regarded as the minimum

  13. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life.Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  14. 豫中褐土耕地土壤性质空间分异及质量评价%Spatial variation of soil properties and quality evaluation for arable Ustic Cambosols in central Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学雷; 冯婉婉; 钟国敏

    2011-01-01

    以河南省中部褐土集中分布区禹州县文殊镇为例,基于GIS对该镇进行500 m×500m规则网格布点248个,将布点图层与土壤图进行叠加分析建立空间数据库,作为野外GPS定位精确采样的依据.野外实际共采集202个点的土壤样品(0~20 cm),其中随机均匀选取34个点进行容重环刀采样.获取有机质、速效K、速效P、pH值、全N、全P、质地、阳离子交换量(CEC)、缓效K和容重10项土壤指标作为耕地土壤质量评价的因素.对指标进行数据统计分析,运用层次分析法(AHP)计算排列出评价因子的权重,运用普通Kriging插值法得出研究区10项土壤理化性质空间分异及土壤质量等级分布和面积.结果表明:研究区褐土耕地土壤质量属于较好的水平,其中优、中等占95%以上,差等只有不到5%.%A GIS-based 500 m×500 m soil sampling point arrangement was set on 248 points at Wenshu Town of Yuzhou County in central Henan Province, where the typical Ustic Cambosols locates. By using soil digital data, the spatial database was established, from which, all the needed latitude and longitude data of the sampling points were produced for the field GPS guide. Soil samples (0-20 cm) were collected from 202 points, of which, bulk density measurement were conducted for randomly selected 34 points, and the ten soil property items used as the factors for soil quality assessment, including organic matter, available K, available P, pH, total N, total P, soil texture, cation exchange capacity ( CEC), slowly available K, and bulk density, were analyzed for the other points. The soil property items were checked by statistic tools, and then, classified with standard criteria at home and abroad. The factor weight was given by analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method, and the spatial variation of the major 10 soil properties as well as the soil quality classes and their occupied areas were worked out by Kriging interpolation maps. The results

  15. Evaluation of diet quality of residents in Jiangsu province with china diet balance index%应用中国膳食平衡指数评价江苏地区居民膳食质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱谦让; 袁宝君; 戴月; 孔媚兰; 王艳; 吴高林; 周翌婧

    2013-01-01

    目的:利用膳食平衡指数(DBI-07)综合评价江苏地区18~65岁居民的膳食质量,为开展营养干预提供依据.方法:选用2009年中国健康与营养调查中江苏地区954例18~65岁成年人完整的膳食调查资料以及个人基本情况,采用DBI-07评分方法评价江苏地区居民膳食质量水平.结果:江苏地区居民膳食质量整体处于低度失衡状态,摄入不足与摄入过量并存;男性摄入过量和不均衡程度高于女性,农村膳食摄入不足以及不均衡程度高于城市,40~49岁居民膳食失衡程度最高.结论:江苏地区居民摄入水果、奶豆类不足,而肉类、食用油、食盐摄入过量;居民主要膳食模式为B模式;男性、农村居民和40~49岁人群为主要干预对象;在宣传膳食指南和膳食宝塔的同时应对食用油、食盐摄入过量人群采取针对性的干预措施.%Objective:By using diet balance index(DBI-07),the diet structure and quality of resident in Jiangsu province have been evaluated. The findings can be used for nutritional intervention. Methods:The basic information of 954 residents aged 18-65 years who had completed 3 days dietary information were selected from 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey. The quality of dietary was evaluated by using DBI-07 method. Results:The overall dietary quality of Jiangsu residents was somewhat imbalance. Insufficient intake and excessive intake were both coexisted in the residents of Jiangsu. Male had a higher level of excessive intake and imbalance than female. The situation of dietary deficiencies and imbalance of rural areas were more severe than those of the city. Group age from 40 to 50 has the highest level of dietary imbalances. Conclusion:For Jiangsu residents,intakes of fruits,milk and beans were insufficient, whereas red meat,edible oil and salt intake were excessive. Major dietary pattern of residents is the Pattern B. Three main target populations for intervention were male

  16. Ecological Quality Assessment of Yunling Nature Reserve in Lanping County of Yunnan Province%兰坪云岭省级自然保护区生态质量评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国斌

    2011-01-01

    2010年4~7月,采用系统调查和资料收集相结合的方法,对兰坪云岭自然保护区的生物多样性进行了多学科考察,并对其生态质量进行了评价,结果表明:保护区植被可划分为9个植被型、12个植被亚型、21个群系,种子植物141科、608属、1 515种(含种下等级),哺乳动物80种,鸟类167种,两栖爬行类46种;保护区的生态质量具有典型性、区位性、多样性、稀有性、自然性、脆弱性和面积的适应性.评价结果为云岭省级自然保护区自然资源的合理开发利用和生物多样性保护提供科学依据.%Combining the methods of field survey and data collection, the biodiversity of Yunling Nature Reserve in Lanping County of Yunnan province was investigated from April to July in 2010. The study results showed that the vegetation of the nature reserve could be classified into 9 types, 12 sub-types and 21 formations. The flora and fauna included 141 families, 608 genera and 1515 species of spermatophyte, 80 species of mammals, 167 species of birds, 46 species of amphibians and reptiles. The ecological quality of the nature reserve is characterized by typi-calness, location, diversity, rareness, naturalness, fragility and appropriate area. The results of this assessment provided a scientific basis for reasonable utilization of natural resources and effective protection of biodiversity of Yunling Nature Reserve.

  17. Analysis of impact factor on the quality of life among the ex-leprosy patients in leprosy villages, Guangdong Province%广东省麻风村休养员生存质量影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙希凤; 黄祖锋; 王晓华; 熊明洲; 苏婷; 黎明

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To determine the impact factors on the quality of life ( QOL) among the ex-leprosy patients in leprosy village to provide better human care for them. Methods: WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was used to collect the information on the QOL among the ex-leprosy patients in 12 leprosy villages in Guang ̄dong province. Results:The mean age of 187 participants from 12 villages were 68.58±11.21 years. Deformi ̄ties grade, ability of self-care, the way of family visit, occupation before admission, the amount of income, expenditure costs, government assistance, annual medical costs and other factors impacted QOL. Conclusion:The family members should pay more care to the ex-leprosy patients. Government should continuously provide with social assistance and health care to improve their QOL for them.%目的::确定影响广东省麻风村休养员生存质量的因素。方法:采用分层随机抽样方法对广东省麻风村休养员进行面对面访谈调查,通过WHOQOL-BREF问卷对麻风村休养员生存质量进行分析。结果:共调查了12个麻风村187名休养员,平均年龄(68.58±11.21)岁。畸残级别、自理能力、亲人联系方式、入院前职业、经济收入额、年支出费用、政府救助、每年医疗费用等因素影响麻风村休养员生存质量。结论:家庭成员应给予休养员更多关爱,政府应不断提高麻风村休养员的社会救济和医保水平,不断提高麻风村休养员生存质量。

  18. 云南省黑木耳重金属背景值及质量安全风险评估%Background Levels of Heavy Metal Contents and Risk Assessment of Safety of Black Fungus Quality in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪禄祥; 和丽忠; 严红梅; 陈锦玉; 杜丽娟; 黎其万

    2012-01-01

    The heavy metals of Pb, Cd in different samples of Yunnan black fungus were determined and analyzed by atomic absorption spec-trometry. The results indicated that the contents of Pb, Cd in black fungus from different markets and places of production showed high variation coefficients (2.20 % -64.6 %), the background level of Pb was 3.00 mg/kg and Cd was 0.176 mg/kg. The degree of risk of Pb in black fungus was greater than that of Cd. The consumption quantity of black fungus affected the overall health hazard ( IFS) of Pb and Cd in a large extent. The value of IFS was nearly less than 1 when average quantity of black fungus was consumed and the value of IFS was greater than 1 when maximum quantity of black fungus was consumed. The article provided much reference date for background levels of heavy metal contents and risk assessment of the safety of black fungus quality in Yunnan Province.%采用原子吸收光谱仪对云南省黑木耳56份材料的重金属元素铅、镉进行测定与分析.结果表明,不同市场和不同产地的黑木耳重金属铅、镉含量变异大(2.20%~64.6%);云南省黑木耳的重金属铅的背景值为3.00 mg/kg,镉的背景值为0.176 mg/kg;云南省黑木耳中铅的安全指数大于镉,铅的风险大于镉的风险.黑木耳的消费量在很大程度上影响着重金属铅、镉对消费者的整体危害程度(—)(IFS),食用黑木耳为平均消费量时,(—)IFS几乎均小于1;食用黑木耳为最大消费量时,IFS均大于1.本研究为探讨云南省黑木耳重金属背景值及质量安全风险评估提供了有益的参考数据.

  19. 发挥省级医院感染管理质控中心的作用提高全省医院感染管理水平%Giving play to the role of provincial nosocomial infection management and quality control center, improving nosocomial infection management level of the whole province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜亦虹

    2015-01-01

    江苏省医院感染管理质控中心成立后,开展了一系列质控工作,加强医院感染管理专业人才队伍建设;建章立制,细化医院感染防控工作规范;围绕工作规范开展检查与调研;规范医院感染目标性监测;开展多种形式的专业技术培训,对全省医院感染管理工作起到积极的推进作用。同时,对医院感染管理质控标准、专家团队的组建、组织关系及经费拨付、多学科合作及省际间专业交流、开展医院感染管理科学研究等进行了有益地探讨。%Since its establishment, the Nosocomial Infection Management and Quality Control Center of Jiangsu Province has carried out a series of quality control activities, enhanced the construction of talent team specialized in nosocomial infection management, set up new systems to reifne the work speciifcation for the prevention and control of nosocomial infection, and conducted examination and survey based on the work speciifcation. It has also normalized objective monitoring of nosocomial infection, carried out professional technical training in multiple forms, and played a positive role in promoting the nosocomial infection management of the whole province. Meanwhile, beneifcial discussions have also been made on the standards for nosocomial infection management and quality control, the building, organization relationship, and fund appropriation of expert team, interdisciplinary cooperation, and inter-province professional exchanges, as well as the scientiifc research on nosocomial infection management.

  20. Refractory Minerals in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Qinguo; LI Jing; LIU Jiehua; LIU Yanjun

    2004-01-01

    Henan province is very rich in refractory minerals of many varieties including silica, dolomite, graphite,pearlite, sepiolite, olivine, and sillimanite group minerals, besides the abundant reserves of fireclay and bauxite,which lay a good foundation for the development of the refractories industry of the province. The paper introduces the reserves, distribution and character of the refractory minerals in Henan province.

  1. Archangelsk Province Administration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioactive waste accumulating in the north of the Russian Federation is generated by naval activity, nuclear ice-breakers of the Murmansk Shipping Company, and shipbuilding and ship repairing companies. This report analyses the situation in the town of Severodvinsk in Archangelsk Province and the proposed plans to prevent radioactive pollution of the territory

  2. 赣南脐橙叶片营养状况对果实品质的影响%The relationship between leaf nutrients and fruit quality of navel orange in southern Jiangxi province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌丽俐; 彭良志; 淳长品; 江才伦; 曹立

    2012-01-01

    To explore the relationship between leaf nutrients and fruit quality of Newhall navel orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeek), 12 nutrient elements in leaves, the fruit total soluble solid (TSS) content, titratable acid (TA) content and single fruit weight (SFW) of Newhall navel orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeek ) on trifoliate orange [ Poncirus trifoliata ( L. ) ] rootstocks were investigated in 58 orchards in southern Jiangxi province. The results show that the leaf N levels of most orchards exceed the optimum range, while the P and K levels of all orchards are within or above the optimum ranges. About 87.9% , 55.2% and 5.2% orchards are below the optimum Mg, Ca and S ranges, respectively. For microelements, the Mo levels are within the optimum range, and the Fe levels are within or above the optimum range for all orchards. Furthermore, there are several orchards in which both the B and Mn levels are below the optimum ranges, and one third of the orchards in which the leaf Cu levels are below the optimum range. The Zn levels of 96.6% orchards are below the optimum range. With the improvement of the fruit quality, TSS and TA are increased significantly, while SFW is decreased significantly. There is a significantly negative correlation between the fruit TSS and the leaf K level. However, the correlations between the fruit TSS and the leaf Mg and Zn levels are significantly positive, and there aren' t any significant correlations between the fruit SFW and the 12 leaf nutrient elements. For the fruit TA. it shows remarkably positive correlations with the leaf N and Mn levels. For the fertilizer practices of Newhall navel orange in south Jiangxi province, it should be focused on supplements of Mg and Zn, moderately supplements of Ca and Cu, and decreasing in N, P and K applications.%为了探讨赣南产区纽荷尔脐橙果园叶片营养状况与果实品质的相互关系,测定了9个县(市、区)58个脐橙园叶片的矿质营养元素、

  3. Alberta Unites on Teaching Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crow, Tracy

    2010-01-01

    Education policy in the province of Alberta is set by Alberta Education, a ministry led by the province's minister of education. There are two key policies or ministerial orders that guide professional learning in Alberta. The Teaching Quality Standard outlines the knowledge, skills, and attributes that teachers are expected to possess. The…

  4. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    OpenAIRE

    Yu Hua; Qi Yanbin; Yan Yubao; Cui Pengbo

    2015-01-01

    This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug.) to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result...

  5. Control de la calidad del diagnóstico coproparasitológico en la provincia de Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba External quality assessment in coproparasitology in Havana City Province, Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidel Angel Núñez

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio sobre la calidad del diagnóstico coproparasitológico en 77 laboratorios de la red de salud pública de la provincia Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba. El procedimiento se basó en la entrega a cada jefe de laboratorio de un modelo de encuesta, y una bolsa de nylon conteniendo 10 viales plásticos con distintos especímenes parasitarios, preservados en formaldehído al 7%. Recogidos los resultados en las primeras 72 horas después de su entrega, se realizó la evaluación mediante una escala de puntuación establecida. La mayoría de los laboratorios aprobaron (70%; sin embargo aún existen centros, sobre todo policlínicas, con calificaciones deficientes. Los municipios con resultados más desfavorables fueron, Lisa, Marianao y Habana del Este, alcanzándose mejores resultados en los hospitales que en las policlínicas. En el análisis de Protozooarios, el mejor diagnosticado fué Giardia lamblia, con solo un centro que erró al identificarlo. Las mayores dificultades se presentaron en Blastocystis hominis con 61% de fallas, Endolimax nana, con 24,6%, y Entamoeba histolytica, con 22%. Entre los helmintos, la mayor aprobación fué en Trichuris trichiura y los errores diagnósticos predominaron con Fasciola hepatica y Taenia sp., ambos con 66,2% de fallas. Dados los resultados obtenidos, hemos organizado una intervención educativa en la red de laboratorios de la provincia.An external quality assessment in coproparasitology was carried out in 77 laboratories from Havana City. A questionnaire and ten plastic vials with different intestinal parasites in a small nylon bag, duly sealed, were sent to each laboratory. Answers were collected during the 72 hours after delivery. Results were analyzed by means of a computer program. The majority of the laboratories (70% passed the test; the municipalities with the worst scores in the province were Lisa, Marianao, and Habana del Este. Better results were obtained among technologists working

  6. External quality assessment for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis antigen in Guangdong Province%广东省沙眼衣原体抗原检测的室间质量评价结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛耀华; 郑和平; 黄进梅; 吴兴中; 李美玲; 曾维英

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the performance of labotratory test on Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) antigen in sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in Guangdong Province. Methods External qual-ity assessment (EQA) had been performed annually. The detected samples were 57,475 and 675 cases respectively in 2004,2005 and 2006. Each participants of the EQA scheme should report their results, the methodological procedure, kits and instruments used. All data were statistically analyzed by Guang-dong Provincial Centre for Dermatosis and STD Control and Prevention. Results Totally 19 laborato-ries were enrolled in EQA in 2004; 71 laboratories in 2005 and 135 laboratories in 2006. The total co-incidence rate was 75.4 %,93.5 % and 91.0% respectively in 2004,2005 and 2006. There was statisti-cal difference between 2004 and 2006 in coincidence of CT detection. The laboratories using foreign kits for detection of CT were 100% in 2004,98. 4% in 2005,and 81.7% in 2006. The total coincidence rate of foreign kits was significantly higher than that of domestic kits in detection of CT. Enzyme-linked im-munosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunochromatography were the main methods in the panels. The percents were 94.7% ,98. 5% ,and 98. 6% in 2004,2005 and 2006. Conclusion EQA enables unbiased monitoring of the performance of laboratories in detection of Chlamydia trachomatis, such as specimen handling,result reporting, and regents choice. EQA helps laboratories to improve detection ability of Chlamydia trachomatis.%目的 评价广东省性病实验室检测沙眼衣原体抗原的能力.方法 每年进行一次室间质量评价.2004年发放衣原体标本57份,2005年475份,2006年675份.要求各性病实验室按照常规方法 ,在规定的时间内检测并回报结果 、所用检测方法 、试剂和仪器资料.广东省皮肤性病防治中心对各实验室的结果 进行统计分析.结果 2004年19家实验室参加质量评价,总符合率为75.4%;2005年71家,总符合率为93

  7. Quality study on IUD failure in some rural areas of Henan province%河南省部分农村地区宫内节育器失败原因的定性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏冰; 马颖辉; 柴健; 张军喜; 蒋丽芳

    2010-01-01

    Objective To study the view of grassroots service of family planning departments on the failure of intrauterine contraceptive device, and to explore the main influencing factors of induced failure about IUD, and to give suggestions on prevention strategies. Methods Stratified sampling was adopted in this study, and quality study method (focus group discussion) was conducted to investigate grassroots service of family planning departments in three counties of Henan province. Results Most grassroots service personnel think that the direct reason of failure of IUD among women was the adverse reaction, such as expulsion, bleeding, pain, et al. The second reason were non-standard operation, non-informed choice, advanced place IUD, et al. Furthermore, some family planning technical service personnel think that traditional values and fearing were the major reasons of failure of IUD. Conclusions We should employ the qualified service staffs and give them the necessary training, and try to upgrade their skills and service; Intensify preoperative consultation, publicity and education and postoperative follow-up, improve sustaining rates of IUD and reduced the failure rate of IUD. Increase the intensity of development of new products, promote new products and new technologies.%目的 了解基层计划生育服务人员对宫内节育器(IUD)失败原因的认识,探讨导致IUD失败的主要影响因素,并提出预防策略.方法 采用定性研究的方法对县、乡计划生育技术服务人员进行小组集中访谈,对访谈资料进行转录、编码、分类、汇总和分析.结果 大多数技术服务人员认为脱落、移位、出血、疼痛等不良反应问题是导致IUD使用失败的直接原因;其次是操作不规范、不能知情选择、放环过早等原因;还有部分人员认为服务对象的传统观念、恐惧心理也是导致失败的原因之一.结论 积极开展学历教育和业务练兵活动,提高技术服务人员的技术水

  8. Research on the General ---Taking Quality of Administrative Law A Province Tax Departments into%税务系统行政执法类公务员通用素质研究——以A省国税系统为调查对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵子建

    2012-01-01

    行政执法类公务员是税务系统公务员队伍的主体。本文根据对A省国税系统行政执法类公务员的调查,提炼出了税务系统行政执法类公务员的通用素质要项,并建立了包含政治素养、业务能力、管理水平、服务意识和自我概念等八个素质模块共二十五个素质要项的通用素质标准。这一素质标准不仅反映了税务系统行政执法类公务员任职的基本要求,同时也说明了提升税务系统行政执法类公务员素质所必须加强的若干方面。%The quality of administrative law enforcement class official is the important guarantee of government performance. According to investigation to A province tax departments, this article studies on the general quality of administrative law enforcement class official. This article includes three important parts, the refining of quality, the arrangement of quality and the establishment of quality standard. This study will provide reference for the training, promotion, and evaluation of the administrative law enforcement class officials. The western developed countries generally pay attention to the quality of civil servants study. They have formed a social system and national condition characteristic concept, idea, thinking logic and argument structure. On the basis of this, the western developed countries established the civil service quality standard framework. These research results for our civil service quality studies provide important reference. At present, our country civil servant's quality construction and research still have many problems, for example, we have realized the main path of the civil service quality construction, but the general environmental factors which affect the quality construction of civil servants, such as political, administrative, organizational context and other aspects of the research is not deep enough. We also did not take into account the particularity of different categories of

  9. 基于灰色系统(GRAY)的安徽省城市生态环境质量综合评价及对策研究%Study on ecological environment quality comprehensive evaluations and countermeasures based on GRAY of Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷思友; 范君

    2015-01-01

    This study uses GRAY to comprehensively evaluate ecological environment quality of Anhui province . By comparing and sifting evaluation index according to relevant literature and constructing quality evaluation in-dex system of urban cities,the paper determines the evaluation index weight via Delph method and in combina -tion with 2013Statistical Yearbook data of Anhui province , conducts a comprehensive evaluation of its ecological environment quality and concludes the integrated sorting of urban ecological quality.The results suggest that the ecological environment quality in the southern cities of Anhui province is better while that of the northern cities is poor, especially that of coal resource-based two cities of Huainan and Huaibei which ranks last .Moreover,the paper analyzes the problems existent in those two cities and proposes corresponding countermeasures and sugges -tions.%利用灰色系统综合评价法( GRAY)对安徽省城市生态环境质量进行综合评价。通过参考相关研究文献比较筛选评价指标,构建城市环境质量评价指标体系,用Delph法确定评价指标权重,结合2013年安徽省统计年鉴数据资料,对安徽省城市生态环境质量进行综合评价,得出城市生态环境质量综合排序。研究结果表明安徽省南部城市生态环境质量较好,北部城市生态环境质量较差,尤其是安徽省两淮煤炭资源型城市生态环境质量综合排名处于最后,对两淮煤炭资源型城市生态城市建设存在的问题进行分析,并提出了相应的对策建议。

  10. Prenatal Care Services in Aydin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdal BESER

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of prenatal care in Aydin province. It was a cross-sectional study. 195 women (pregnant/women at postpartum period living in the Aydin province participated in the study. Cluster and simple random sampling method was used in the selection of women from 10 health centers (one rural-one urban health station each. Data obtained by face to face interview technique. Turkey Demografic Health Survey criteria were used for evaluation of the quantity of prenatal care as “sufficient” or “insufficient” and quality of prenatal care was scored as “1-2”(bad, “3-4”(moderate and “5-6”(good. Chi-square, Mann Whitney-U and t tests were used for analysis. One fifth of each pregnant women who were in last trimester and 11.3% of women in postpartum period stated that they were not followed up by an health personnel during pregnancy. One third of pregnant women who were in last trimester and 58.5% of women in postpartum period said they weren’t visited by an health personnel in the first trimester. Besides, quality points of prenatal care were found low, both in pregnant women and women in post partum period. It was found that living in urban areas, high education level and presence of social security effected getting adequate prenatal care. The quality and quantity of prenatal care was found less than expected in Aydin province which is located in the western region of Turkey. It is necessary that, health personnel must be more sensitive to convey “adequate” prenatal care especially women who are living in rural areas, who have low educational level and who have no social security. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(2: 137-141

  11. 陕西省产业结构效益与生态环境质量耦合关系研究%Study on Coup lingR elation between Industrial Structure Benefit and Ecological Environmental Quality in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文彦君; 刘嬉

    2016-01-01

    产业结构效益和生态环境质量之间的相互协调,对区域社会、经济的健康、可持续发展至关重要。选取了陕西省2004~2013年的社会经济发展和生态环境数据,通过构建模型对陕西省产业结构效益和生态环境质量的演变进行了统计分析,并综合分析了其产业结构效益和生态环境质量的耦合关系。结果表明:陕西省产业结构和生态环境质量的综合效益及协调发展水平都处于较高水平,应当引起注意的是整体协调度和生态环境质量的下降。%The relationship between industrial structure efficiency and ecological environment quality was particularly impor-tant to regional social and economic sustainable development.Based on the data for the period 2004~2013 of socio-economic de-velopment and ecological environment in Shaanxi province, the evolution and coupling relationship of Shaanxi industry structure efficiency and quality of the ecological environment were analyzed.The results showed that both comprehensive benefits of Shaanxi province industry structure and ecological environment quality and coordinated development were at a high level, but which should be noted that the degree of decline in the overall coordination and ecological environment quality.

  12. Analysis on Profit Quality of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises: A Case Study of YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Ling JIANG; Luo, Huawei

    2013-01-01

    For a long time, under the influence of system and environment and other factors, some small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises in China only seek growth of profit in quantity, but neglect the growth of profit in quality, leading to low profit quality. This study reasonably defines the concept of profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, and expounds general characteristics of high quality profit. On the basis of general factors influencing profit quality of en...

  13. Variance Analysis and Integrated Evaluation on Sensory Quality of Flue-cured Tobacco in Tobacco planting Areas of Liaoning Province%辽宁烟区烤烟感官质量的差异分析和综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦敬华; 陈晓波

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to analyze the difference on the sensory quality of flue-cured tobacco in different tobacco planting areas of Liaoning Province. [ Method] With 9 tobacco planting counties as the objects, 86 samples of upper, middle and lower tobacco leaves were collected to make the variance analysis and comprehensive evaluation on the sensory quality of flue-cured tobacco in tobacco-planting areas of Liaoning Province. [ Result] Among the various tobacco planting areas, the comprehensive sensory quality score of upper leaves in Beipi-ao County was the highest, while that in Kaiyuan and Fengcheng counties were relatively lower. The total sensory assessment and comprehensive evaluation score of middle leaves in Beipiao and Kuandian counties were better and the total sensory assessment and usability and comprehensive evaluation score of lower leaves in Xifeng, Changtu, Beipiao and Jianping counties were better. Smoking quality comprehensive evaluation scores of middle leaves showed a same trend among different tobacco planting areas in 2007, 2008 and 2009 and had a increasing trend annually. The average smoking quality scores of middle leaves in all around the province had a little increase with the year. [ Conclusion] On the total, in different tobacco planting areas of Liaoning Province, the sensory quality of the flue-cured tobacco produced in Beipiao County was better and that in Fengcheng County was poor. The smoking quality of middle leaves showed a trend of increasing year by year.%[目的]分析辽宁各烟区烤烟感官质量的差异,为当地烟草生产提供理论依据.[方法]以辽宁省9个植烟县为对象,采集了烟株上、中、下部叶烟叶样品共86个,对辽宁烟区烤烟感官质量进行差异分析和综合评价.[结果]辽宁各烟区烤烟上部叶感官质量综合评价得分以北票最高,开原和凤城的综合评价得分均较低;中部叶以北票和宽甸总体感官评定和综合评价得分表现较好

  14. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Hua

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug. to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result to find out the relevant factors that affect the international honey export competitiveness and proposes the relevant countermeasures to improve the international competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province.

  15. Cultivated Land Soil Environment Quality Analysis and E valuation in Longchuan County, Yunnan Province, China%滇西陇川县耕地土壤环境质量分析评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国云; 郭晋; 王定忠; 毕生斌; 周新惟; 马柱芳

    2013-01-01

    为揭示滇西地区土壤环境质量状况,以陇川县为例,参照《绿色食品产地环境技术条件》,对耕地土壤pH值、有机质、全氮、速效磷、速效钾营养元素含量及重金属元素铅、镉、汞、砷、铬、铜总量进行测定分析。采用标准对比法、单因子污染指数法和Nemero综合污染指数法,对其土壤环境质量进行了评价。结果表明,研究区土壤pH值介于3.49~7.45之间,均值为5.05,土壤偏酸;各营养元素平均值中有机质、全氮、速效磷含量为优良,速效钾含量为中等,有机质、全氮、速效磷、速效钾含量分别有64.17%、59.34%、75.33%、71.66%的耕地面积达到生产绿色食品土壤肥力要求,分别有35.83%、40.66%、24.67%、28.34%的面积土壤肥力不足;采用单因子污染指数法对土壤重金属评价,砷、铬、铜处于清洁状态;有20.27%、2.03%、4.73%的样本铅、镉、汞单因子污染指数大于1,所代表的面积受到铅、镉、汞轻度污染,镉有1.35%样本单因子污染指数大于2,所代表的面积受到镉中度污染;综合污染指数评价,4.79%样本达到轻度污染。%In order to reveal the status of the quality of soil environment in the western area of Yunnan Province, Taking Longchuan County as an example, refering to"green food producing area environment technical specifications", soil pH value, organic matter, total nitrogen, avail-able phosphorus, available potassium content of nutrient elements and heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, chromium, copper volume were measured and analyzed. Using the standard comparison method, the method of single factor pollution index and compre-hensive pollution index method of Nemero, the soil environmental quality was evaluated. The results showed that, the soil pH ranged from 3.49 to 7.45, the mean value was 5.05,with acid soil nutrient elements. The average value of organic matter, total nitrogen

  16. Analysis on quality of surveillance for public health emergency in Fujian province, 2004-2007%2004-2007年福建省突发公共卫生事件监测质量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪荣涛; 张莹珍; 陈彩粼; 蔡少健; 欧剑鸣; 陈武; 向建军; 严延生; 许龙善

    2009-01-01

    目的 评估与改进突发公共卫生事件监测系统质量.方法 利用网络直报系统案例库,根据定义质量指标描述与推断分析福建省突发公共卫生事件监测报告质量.结果 2004-2007年,福建省共监测报告突发事件554起,苗头事件占45.13%,年度问苗头事件构成比旱线性下降趋势(X2CMHI=45.2825,P<0.0001);监测敏感值平均为96.0 h,年平均增长速度为35.9%.报告时效值平均为15.7 h,2 h内报告的事件仅占8.3%.控制时效值平均为6.0 d,年平均递降52.22%;结案报告率平均为54.30%,年平均提高66.60%.结案时间、首次报告事件发生时间、首次接到报告时间、末例患者发病时间等数据项缺失率分别为55.96%、53.25%、53.25%和8.66%.结论 近年来各地都能较好地确立与实行在突发事件管理中对突发苗头事件的监测报告与控制管理,但报告及时率与结案报告率低下,有关时间的数据项缺失率大或逻辑不符,中小学校监测敏感值明显滞后是突发事件高发的重要因素之一.%Objective To evaluate the quality of the surveillance for public health emergency. Methods According to the definite quality indicators, the data of public health emergency reporting from the Internet-based direct reporting system were analyzed. Results From 2004 to 2007, 554 public health emergencies were reported in Fujian province, 45.13% of them were potential events. The annual proportion of potential events decreased in a linear way (X2CMHI=45.2825, P <0.0001 ). The average sensitive value of surveillance was 96.0 h with an average annual increase rate of 35.9%. The average delay time for reporting was 15.7 h; only 8.3% of the events were reported within 2 hours. The average time for controlling the events was 6. 0 d with an annual decrease rate of 52. 22%. The average percentage of events with final report was 54.30%, with an average annual increase rate of 66.60%. The time for final report was missed for 55.96% of

  17. Research on the General ---Taking Quality of Administrative Law A Province Tax Departments into%税务系统行政执法类公务员通用素质研究——以A省国税系统为调查对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵子建

    2012-01-01

    行政执法类公务员是税务系统公务员队伍的主体。本文根据对A省国税系统行政执法类公务员的调查,提炼出了税务系统行政执法类公务员的通用素质要项,并建立了包含政治素养、业务能力、管理水平、服务意识和自我概念等八个素质模块共二十五个素质要项的通用素质标准。这一素质标准不仅反映了税务系统行政执法类公务员任职的基本要求,同时也说明了提升税务系统行政执法类公务员素质所必须加强的若干方面。%The quality of administrative law enforcement class official is the important guarantee of government performance. According to investigation to A province tax departments, this article studies on the general quality of administrative law enforcement class official. This article includes three important parts, the refining of quality, the arrangement of quality and the establishment of quality standard. This study will provide reference for the training, promotion, and evaluation of the administrative law enforcement class officials. The western developed countries generally pay attention to the quality of civil servants study. They have formed a social system and national condition characteristic concept, idea, thinking logic and argument structure. On the basis of this, the western developed countries established the civil service quality standard framework. These research results for our civil service quality studies provide important reference. At present, our country civil servant's quality construction and research still have many problems, for example, we have realized the main path of the civil service quality construction, but the general environmental factors which affect the quality construction of civil servants, such as political, administrative, organizational context and other aspects of the research is not deep enough. We also did not take into account the particularity of different categories of

  18. Analysis relationship between the organizational readiness for deployment of knowledge management with organizational performance by European Foundation for Quality Management Approach (Case study: The Power Distribution Company of Yazd province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Redaei

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is regarding the organizational readiness for deployment of knowledge management with organizational performance in The Power Distribution Company of Yazd province. So in this research is used the EFQM approach to verify this objective. Thus is used the enabling dimensions of this model for assess organizational readiness for knowledge management and the results dimensions of this model for provide indicators of organizational performance. StatisticalSociety of this study is the operationstaff of The Power Distribution Company of Yazd province in year 2011 that table standardMorganwas usedforcalculating thenumberofSample. For collect information is used of the questionnaire.Also is usedof the factor analysis for the validity analysis ofquestionnaire, toexaminethe relationship betweeneach of thedimensions ofknowledge managementandorganizational performanceof thePearson correlation coefficient, toinvestigate the potential ofeach of thedimensions ofknowledge managementonthe organizationalperformance predictionof the Stepwiseregressionmethod.The overall results of this study were to demonstrate that all aspects of the organization's readiness for deployment of knowledge management are significant and positive relationship with organizational performance.

  19. Relationship between Index of Zooplankton Amount in Lake (Reservoir) and Evaluation Standards for Water Quality ---Taking Five Lakes (Reservoirs) in Hunan Province as Example%湖(库)浮游动物数量指标与水质评价标准关系研究--以湖南省5个湖(库)为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟振宇; 陈灿; 宋伟龙; 成应向

    2013-01-01

    It surveyed the constitute of zooplankton community, the zooplankton amount and the zooplankton dominant species in different representative water qualities and functions lakes (reservoirs) in Hunan province, then using chemical evaluation index Pb/n, Shannon-Wiener diversity index and Simpson dominance index to evaluate the pollution degree of surveyed water body. The evaluation results showed that the results of water quality pollution degree evaluated by zooplankton diversity index method was accordant with that evaluated by conventional chemical comprehensive pollution index method; using zooplankton amount to evaluate water quality pollution degree had relatively better reliability, and it also can indirectly reflect water quality pollution degree. Then, the zooplankton amount and dominant species and the limit value for water quality pollution degree in lake (reservoir) in Hunan Province were determined.%对湖南省内不同水质功能代表性湖(库)的浮游动物群落组成,浮游动物数量以及优势种进行了调查研究;采用化学评价指数Pb/n、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数、Simpson优势度指数分别对目标水体的污染程度进行了评价。评价结果显示:利用浮游动物多样性指数评价湖(库)水质污染程度与常规的化学综合污染指数评价结果基本吻合;利用浮游动物数量评价水质污染程度具有较高的可信度亦能间接反映水质污染程度;在此基础上,界定了湖南省湖库浮游动物数量及优势种与水质污染程度的限值。

  20. Silicic Large Igneous Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Scott Bryan

    2007-01-01

    @@ Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are the end-product of huge additions of magma to the continental crust both at the surface and at depth. Since the first categorisation of LIPs by Coffin & Eldholm (1994), it has been recognised that LIPs are more varied inform, age and character, and this includes the recognition of Silicic LIPs. Silicic LIPs are the largest accumulations of primary volcaniclastic rocks at the Earth's surface with areal extents >0.1 Mkm2 and extrusive and subvolcanic intrusive volumes >0.25 Mkm3. The Late Palaeozoic to Cenozoic Silicic LIP events are the best recognised and are similar in terms of their dimension, crustal setting, volcanic architecture and geochemistry.

  1. Innovative Work Behaviour of teachers in Higher Education : An extended view; A first exploration : Paper presented at the International Scientific Nursing and Midwifery Congress Care4, Antwerp, Belgium, February 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lambriex-Schmitz, Peggy; Klink, Marcel van der; Gerken, Maike; Segers, Mien

    2015-01-01

    Within health education, many innovations are introduced, but are often not successful or sustainable. It is generally acknowledged that the quality of an educational system mainly depends on the quality of the teachers. Innovations will only succeed if teachers experience a climate that stimulates

  2. Consumers’ Evaluation of Agricultural Products’ Safety and Quality Manga ement:Based on Survey in Anqiu County, Shandong Province%消费者对农产品质量安全管理体系的评价分析--基于山东省安丘市的问卷调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏毅清; 杜锐; 王志刚

    2014-01-01

    农产品质量安全问题已经成为人们关注的热点。通过对山东省安丘市消费者进行问卷调查,分析了消费者对农产品质量安全管理体系的认知和评价。对问卷结果进行了Probit回归分析,结果表明,消费者的个人特征、农产品质量信息以及对无公害农产品的购买选择对消费者的评价结果有显著影响,这些评价结果反映了农产品质量安全管理体系目前运行的现状及存在的问题。基于调查与实证分析,本文提出了相应的政策建议。%Quality and safety of agricultural products has become the focus of attention .This paper analyzes the consumers ’ cognition and evaluation of the quality and safety management system of agricultural products through a questionnaire survey of consumers in Anqiu County ,Shandong Province .The results show that person-al characteristics ,information of quality of agriculture products ,and choice of pollution-free agricultural prod-ucts have significant influence when customers are evaluating the quality management system .These evaluations reflect the faults in current quality management system .Based on the empirical analysis ,some suggestions are proposed.

  3. Overview of Land Consolidation in Anhui Province and Recommendations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; WANG; Zhongxiang; YU

    2015-01-01

    The land consolidation projects in Anhui Province have brought huge economic and social benefits and made active contribution to increasing integrated grain productivity,stabilizing farmland area,increasing farmers’ income,accelerating new socialist countryside construction,and promoting integrated urban and rural development. With more than ten years of exploration and attempt,land consolidation,reclamation and development of Anhui Province has established relatively complete policy,technical and business type regulations. However,there are still some weak links and problems,leading to slow project progress,and quality up to standard,fund management not standardized,and the masses not satisfactory for few projects. It summarized experience and achievements of rural land consolidation in Anhui Province and elaborated major existing problems in management of project implementation. Finally,it came up with pertinent recommendations for project implementation in rural land consolidation.

  4. Medicinal plants of Kermanshah province

    OpenAIRE

    Mostafa Nemati Paykani; Nastaran Jalilian

    2012-01-01

    In order to collect and determine medicinal plants of Kermanshah province, at first a list of medicinal plants and their localities was prepared based on the floristic list of the Kermanshah province mentioned as medicinal plants in the related references. Then, stands of the mentioned medicinal plants were referred according to the topographic maps and the extracted localities and after collecting medicinal plant specimens, herbarium specimens were prepared based on the traditional taxonomic...

  5. Analysis the songhua river water quality index entry section of the content change in heilongjiang province%浅析黑龙江省松花江入境水质指标的变化规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡静; 白金生; 王丽娜

    2012-01-01

    The songhua fiver in heilongjiang province entry section (zhaoyuan section) choose within monito- ring stations. We dynamic monitoring water in chemical oxygen demand (cod) , the total phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen and fecal coliform bacteria number in different months. Results show that different period of river chemical oxygen demand (cod) , the total, phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen and fecal coliform bacteria quantity change trend is different. In the summer chemical oxygen demand (cod) and total p high concentration. The concentrations of ammonia nitrogen in January is the highest. Fecal coliform bacteria number in August is the largest.%在黑龙江省松花江入境断面(肇源断面)内选择监测.量,对不同月份的水体中化学需氧量、总磷、氨氮和粪大肠菌群数量的动态监测。结果表明,不同时期河流中的化学需氧量、总磷、氨氮和粪大肠菌群数量变化趋势不同,在夏季时化学需氧量和总磷的浓度较高,而氨氮的浓度在1月份较高,粪大肠菌群数量在8月份最大。

  6. Study on High Yield,High Quality and High Efficient Cultivation Model of Oil Flax in Saline Soil in Heilongjiang Province%黑龙江省盐渍化土壤油用亚麻高产、优质、高效栽培技术模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘冬梅; 魏国江; 刘淑霞; 李振伟; 马志军

    2011-01-01

    The text of "study on high yield, high quality and high efficient cultivation model of oil flax in saline soil" was researched in Starfire pasture in Qaqing of Heilongjiang Province in order to develop farm production of oil flax in saline soil, excavate the maximal potentiality of oil flax, increase the yield quality in unit area and improve the income of industry and agriculture.Impact of different model on yield,quality and economic characters of oil flax in saline soil was studied.High yield,high quality and high efficient cultivation model in saline soil was established..%为了在盐渍化土壤地区发展油用亚麻种植业,最大限度的挖掘油用亚麻的增产潜力,提高油用亚麻单位面积的产量和质量,增加工、农业收入,在黑龙江省大庆市星火牧场开展了"盐渍化土壤油用亚麻高产、优质、高效栽培技术模式研究"的田间试验.探讨不同栽培模式对盐渍化土壤地区油用亚麻产量、质量和经济性状的影响,建立了盐渍化土壤地区亚麻高产、优质、高效栽培技术模式.

  7. 健身俱乐部服务质量影响因素的研究--基于江苏省的分析%Research on Influence Factors of Service Quality in Fitness Club---Taking Jiangsu Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许彩明; 李杰杰

    2015-01-01

    运用文献资料法、问卷调查法和数理统计法,以江苏省为例,研究了健身俱乐部服务质量的影响因素。研究认为,健身俱乐部服务质量整体水平不高,俱乐部服务质量影响因素按重要性排序依次为有形性、保证性、可靠性、移情性、响应性。通过对各因子的回归分析,按重要性对其内部指标进行了排序。%Using the methods of literatures, questionnaires and mathematical statistics, based on analysis of Jiangsu province, this article studied the influence factors of fitness clubs service quality. It suggested that the overall service quality of fitness clubs was not high. The affecting factors in importance orders are followed by the tangibles, assurance, reliability, empathy and responsive-ness. Through the regression analysis on factors, the internal indicators importance order was listed.

  8. 家庭结构变迁下新农保政策与农村老人生存质量--基于陕西省A市的调查%The New Social Endowment Insurance System and Quality of Life of Rural Elderly Family Structure Change:Based on a Survey in Shaanxi Province City A

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慧君; 韩秀华

    2014-01-01

    Using data from the survey “Health and Well-being of Rural Elderly ( HWRE )” in one district of Shaanxi province conducted in 2011, this paper examines the protective effect of New Rural Social Pension on the quality of life of the rural elderly , as well the moderating effect on association of family structure and quality of life . Gender differences in the protective and moderating effect of New Rural Social Pension is also explored .Findings show that the New Rural Social Pension significantly improved the quality of life of the rural elderly and the impact exit for both male and female .However , compared with the elderly who have at least one son , the quality of life of those who are childless or have only one child is significantly lower .The New Rural Social Pension is more likely to significantly improve the quality of life of the one-child elderly .There is a gender difference in the effect of family structure on the quality of life of the rural elderly; New Rural Social Pension significantly buffers the negative effect on quality of life of elderly women with one child .%文章利用2011年陕西省A市的“农村老年人健康与福利”调查数据,评估了新型农村社会养老保险对农村老人生存质量的促进效应和对家庭结构与老人生存质量的调节效应,以及两种效应的性别差异。研究结果表明,新型农村社会养老保险显著促进了老人的生存质量,且对两性均有效。研究也发现,在当前家庭结构变迁的背景下,相比有多孩且至少一子的老人,无子女和独生子女老人的生存质量显著降低,而新型农村社会养老保险更多地改善了独生子女老人的生存质量;新型农村社会养老保险的调节效应存在性别差异,独生子女家庭与女性老人生存质量被显著调节。

  9. Using the revised Chinese diet balance index Quality of Diet to evaluate the quality of diet among rural residents in Hanzhong,Shaanxi province and relative influencing factors%利用修订膳食平衡指数评价陕西省汉中农村地区居民膳食质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘如如; 赵亚玲; 颜虹; 党少农; 庞松涛; 王欣; 王飞

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the quality of diet among rural residents in Hanzhong, Shaanxi province and to investigate the relative factors. Methods A cross-sectional survey on dietary status together with a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire were conducted among rural residents aged between 18 and 80 in Hanzhong of Shaanxi,in 2010. Quality of diet was evaluated by using DBI-07 scoring and evaluating system. Linear regression models were developed to identify factors related to under or over intakes. Results 2 241 rural residents were under study. 65%of the residents’daily intake of grains,oil and salt exceeded the RNI while animal food,diary food,eggs, vegetables and fruits were under,to some extent. The average values of DBI_LBS and DBI_HBS were 24.83 and 5.70. The proportions of moderate under-intake (25≤DBI_LBS≤36) and moderate over-intake(14≤DBI_HBS≤19)were 33.4%and 51.0%. Factors as family number,education level, fortune index,physical activity,higher labor intensity seemed to be protective for dietary under intake (P15 cigarettes per day)were risk factors for over-intake of diet(P<0.05). Factors as larger family size and having had education above the levels senior school were significantly and negatively associated with the over-intake of diet (P<0.05). Conclusion The main diet problem among the rural residents was related to under-intaken but over-intake did exist to some extents. Our study results called for specific intervention in improving the quality of diet among the residents in Hanzhong.%目的:采用修订中国膳食平衡指数(DBI-07)评价陕西省汉中地区农村居民膳食质量,并探讨其影响因素。方法2010年采用半定量食物频率问卷对汉中地区18~80岁农村居民膳食进行横断面调查。采用DBI-07相关指标评价膳食质量;应用多因素线性回归方法,分析影响摄入不足和摄入过量的影响因素。结果共调查2241人,其中65%以上被调查村民的谷

  10. Current Situation of Farmers' Specialized Cooperatives in Hainan Province and Development Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    ZHANG, Wanzhen; Huang, Huide

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the distribution, membership structure and industrial structure of farmers' specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out some problems in farmers' specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, such as small scale, low ability to resist risks, lack of standardization in operation, and generally low quality of cooperative members. Finally the following development strategies are put forth: promoting the large scale and standardized development of farmers' spe...

  11. The Function of Quality Analysis of High School Academic Proficiency Examination and Improvement of High School Examination Evaluation System Construction in our Province%发挥高中学考质量分析的功能探索完善我省高中考试评价体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房培祥

    2015-01-01

    According to Ordinary High School Proficiency Test Implementation Opinion issued by the Ministry of Education,aca-demic proficiency examination is organized and implemented by the provincial education administrative departments,mainly measures how well students reach the learning requirements prescribed by the state,and is an important system of guaranteeing the education and teaching quality. Therefore,we should attach importance to quality analysis and research of high school academic proficiency examina-tion( hereinafter referred to as the“high school examination”),grasp the guiding role of quality analysis and evaluation,reform the e-valuation standards,enrich the connotation of the evaluation,and make serious research on exam evaluation mechanism corresponding to the actual situation of our province.%《教育部关于普通高中学业水平考试的实施意见》文件规定,学业水平考试是由省级教育行政部门组织实施的考试,主要衡量学生达到国家规定学习要求的程度,是保障教育教学质量的一项重要制度。为此我们应做好高中学业水平考试(以下简称“高中学考”)质量分析研究,把握好质量分析评价的导向作用,改革考试评价的标准,丰富考试评价的内涵,认真探究符合我省高中学考实际的考试评价机制。

  12. Patients' satisfaction evaluation with the health center of elis province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karavida, Angeliki; Stamouli, Maria-Aggeliki; Balis, Charalampos

    2014-01-01

    Patient satisfaction related to the provided health services is a key indicator of the quality of the health sector. The SERVQUAL model was employed as a way of measuring the level of patient satisfaction with the services of the Health Center of Elis Province. Although certain aspects such as "Assurance" and "Empathy" meet the users' needs, improvements like a detailed medical record and an overhaul of the equipment need to be introduced. PMID:25000072

  13. Patients' satisfaction evaluation with the health center of elis province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karavida, Angeliki; Stamouli, Maria-Aggeliki; Balis, Charalampos

    2014-01-01

    Patient satisfaction related to the provided health services is a key indicator of the quality of the health sector. The SERVQUAL model was employed as a way of measuring the level of patient satisfaction with the services of the Health Center of Elis Province. Although certain aspects such as "Assurance" and "Empathy" meet the users' needs, improvements like a detailed medical record and an overhaul of the equipment need to be introduced.

  14. 陕西省某建筑工程公司建筑工程的质量管理%The Quality Management of Construction Engineering in the Construction Engineering Company of Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑仁贵

    2013-01-01

    建筑行业作为我国经济发展的支柱产业,其质量管理关系着工程施工的成功与否。建筑施工公司面对着激烈的竞争和挑战,提高工程质量管理是公司的核心任务,是当前的亟待解决的问题。%Construction industry as a pillar industry of Chin-ese economic development, the quality management relates to the success of the engineering construction. The construction company facing fierce competition and chal enges, and impro-ve the quality of project management is the core mission of the company, which is the current problem to be solved.

  15. Correlation of Photosynthetic Characteristics at Filling Stage with Yield and Quality of Rice in Liaoning Province%辽宁省水稻灌浆期光合特性及其与产量品质的相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩勇; 李建国; 姜秀英; 刘博; 刘军; 解文孝

    2012-01-01

    In the recent years, the rice varieties or hybrids with erect and semi-erect panicle have been planted in large scale in Liaoning Province. In this article, the correlations between photosynthetic charac teristics and yield as well as quality of rice varieties with erect and semi-erect panicle at yield formation stage were demonstrated. The photosynthetic characteristics, yield, and quality traits of 27 newly bred rice varieties in Liaoning Province were studied in two years on many locations. Results showed that there existed conic relationship between photosynthetic rate and stoma conductivity as well as evaporation rate, and there existed very significant linear relationship between photosynthetic rate and intercellular CO2 concentration. The net photosynthetic rate of leaves at middle filling stage was significant positive related with yield, and stoma conductivity and evaporation rate were positively correlated with ripened grains per panicle. Regres sion analysis indicated that the yield increased as the photosynthetic rate promoted and these two characters presented power exponential function relation.%[目的]近年来,辽宁省育成一批直立穗和半直立穗品种和杂交组合并在生产上大面积应用.本研究旨在阐明直立穗和半直立穗品种产量和品质形成期水稻叶片的光合特性及其与产量和品质的相关性.[方法]以辽宁省新育成的27个水稻品种,在两年多点条件下,对品种的光合特性、产量、产量结构和品质表现进行研究.[结果]光合速率与气孔导度和蒸腾速率呈显著的二次曲线关系,光合速率与胞间CO2浓度呈极显著的直线关系;水稻灌浆中期叶片的净光合速率与产量呈显著正相关,气孔导度和蒸腾速率与每穗成粒数成显著正相关.回归分析表明,水稻产量随着叶片光合速率的增加而提高,二者呈显著的幂指函数关系.

  16. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.……

  17. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.

  18. Analysis of Drinking Water Quality of Rural Residents in Jilin Province in 2012%2012年吉林省磐石市农村居民饮用水水质检测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秋慧

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the city in accordance with the “national rural drinking water safety of the eleventh five-year plan”policy, new Wells water quality situation, grasp the subsequent problems of rural drinking water engineering, put forward the solution, make sure the huimin engineering can bring benefit to the masses. Methods Collect the city in 2007 the new deep water Wells 120 samples of water quality in accordance with the national standards for sampling, testing and evaluation of water quality test results. Results 120 samples, percent of pass is 85.83%. Conclusion Our city rural drinking water quality is better, in order to guarantee rural drinking water quality, need to further strengthen the protection of water source and water supply pipe network of repair and maintenance, to establish and perfect the system and supervision mech-anism, and let the people drink water on health and safety.%目的:分析该市按照《全国农村饮水安全“十一五”规划》政策,新打水井水质状况,掌握农村饮水工程出现的后续问题,提出解决办法,确保这项惠民工程能够给群众带来实惠。方法收集该市2007年新打深水井120份水质样品按照国家标准进行采样、检测和评价水质检测结果。结果检测样品120份,合格率为85.83%。结论该市农村生活饮用水水质状况较好,为保证农村生活饮用水质量,需要进一步加强水源的保护和供水管网的维修和维护,建立健全各项制度和监督机制,让群众喝上卫生安全水。

  19. Comparison on the Quality of Life between Urban and Rural Children---Cited Rong County of Sichuan Province%城乡儿童生活质量比较--以四川荣县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏; 吴明娟; 胡又宁; 冉值祯; 周家宇; 张春; 袁洪燕; 蒋炜; 杨柯宇; 张啸龙

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To compare the quality of life between urban and rural children in Rong , Zigong, Sichuan and to have a basic understanding on the quality of life in Rong County, providing basis for the improvement of the life quality.Methods:To put forward questionnaires---a the cross-section study, in accordance with Children and Adolescents’ QOL Scale(QLSCA) by Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2002, in Xuyang Town and Wangjia Town.Results: The differences of the life quality scores have no statistical significance between urban and rural children in Rong County(P>0.05), yet the differences among the life convenience, opportunities and life environment have(P0.05).Conclusion:The urban and rural children of Rong County has no difference in the total life quality---more differences in the aspect of life environment and no significant difference in the physical and mental.%目的:比较四川省自贡市荣县儿童生活质量的城乡差异,初步了解荣县儿童的生活质量,为改善其生活质量提供依据。方法采用横断面研究,选取荣县旭阳镇及望佳镇为调查地点,利用华中科技大学同济医学院于2002年编制的《儿童少年生活质量量表》做问卷调查。结果荣县城镇与农村的儿童生活质量得分在总分上的差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),其次在生活便利性和活动机会性等维度和生活环境方面上得分的差异有统计学意义(P0.05)。结论荣县城镇与农村的儿童在总生活质量上没有差异,主要是在生活环境方面差异较大,而在生理心理上基本无差异。

  20. Fjve Ways to Revive Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Construction of development zones along the Liaoning Province coastline could be the next big attraction for multinational investors Though the infrastructure is still under construction, Li Wancai, Vice Governor of Liaoning Province, is highly confident about the future of

  1. Analysis of the Urban and Rural Community Elderly’ s Quality of Life and Its Influencing Factors in Shandong Province%山东省城乡社区老人生命质量状况及影响因素探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董毅; 郭继志; 胡善菊

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查山东省城市、农村社区老人的生命质量状况及影响因素,为完善城乡老人的社区照护提供科学依据。方法:利用自制问卷在山东省内的12个地市分别抽取290名城市社区老人及398名农村社区老人进行社区养老服务状况和生命质量状况的访谈调查。结果:城市老人的生命质量平均得分为65.01,高于农村老人的59.79,城乡老人在经济情况、最常就诊机构选择、心理疏导方式、社会参与性、医疗服务满意度、生活满意度方面的差异存在统计学意义(P<0.05)。多重线性回归结果显示,生活自理能力、患慢病情况及社会参与性对城乡老人的生命质量均有显著性影响(P<0.05)。结论:完善社区养老服务,提供生活照料、医护保健、精神慰藉等各类支持性的养老服务项目;合理分配城乡养老资源,实现社区养老的均衡化、健康化发展,以提升社区老人的生命质量状况。%Objective: To understand the status and influencing factors of the urban and rural community elders ’ quality of life in Shandong province so as to provide the scientific basis for the improvement of the urban and rural elderly community care .Methods:A survey was conduc-ted in 290 urban community elderly populations and 398 rural community elderly populations which come from 12 areas of Shandong province with a self-designed questionnaire.Results: The score of the urban community elders’ quality of life is better than rural community elders’, urban and rural elderly populations are different in these sides including the economic situation, the choice of the most medical institutions, psychologi-cal counseling, social participation, satisfaction of medical service, life satisfaction.Multiple regressions showed that self-care ability, suffering from chronic diseases and social participation can affect all elders’ quality of life

  2. Non-linear relationship between chemical compositions and smoking quality in flue-cured tobacco in Hunan province%湖南烤烟主要化学成分与评吸质量的非线性关系解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李广才; 余玉梅; 胡建军; 周冀衡

    2012-01-01

    Relationship between chemical compositions / index and smoking quality were analyzed by applying generalized additive models using 375 samples including B2F, C3F and X2F grades of flue -cured tobacco in Hunan province Results showed that: (1) the majority others presented "(U) " or " U " shaped relationships except that a few chemical components / index showed strongly linear correlation with smoking quality,; (2 ) the appropriate value of the key factors which represented qualities of flue - cured tobacco in Hunan province, such as sugar to nicotine ratio, nicotine, total nitrogen, total sugar, reducing sugar, nitrogen to nicotine ratio, and organic potassium, were about 9% , 3% , 2. 2% , 25% , 22% , 0.8% , 1.2% , respectively; (3 ) among the nine indexes of smoking quality, chemical compositions / index made the significant impact on concentration of aroma and irritancy, while less impact on smoke aftertaste; and (4) compared three potassium indexes, the representational abilities to smoking quality is in the following order; organic potassium > potassium to sulfur ratio > potassium to chlorine ratio.%以湖南烤烟B2F、C3F和X2F等级375个样本为研究对象,运用广义可加模型较为系统地研究了烤烟主要化学成分/指标与评吸质量间的线性与非线性关系.结果表明:除部分主要化学成分/指标与烤烟评吸质量呈现较强的线性关系外,在一定含量范围内,多数主要化学成分/指标与评吸质量呈现“∩”或“∪”形抛物线关系;表征湖南烤烟评吸质量的关键化学成分/指标有糖碱比、烟碱、总氮、总糖、还原糖、氮碱比和有机钾,其适宜值分别为9、3%、2.2%、25%、22%、0.8和1.2%左右;烤烟主要化学成分/指标对香气量和刺激性的影响最大,对余味的影响最小;在钾氯比、有机钾和钾硫比这3项化学指标中,有机钾对烤烟评吸质量的总体表征效果最好,其次是钾硫比,钾氯比的总体表征

  3. Research on Population Prediction of Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuang; YU; Guang; LI

    2013-01-01

    In accordance with population development of Guizhou Province in 1977-2007,this paper adopts natural growth method,model prediction method and gray system GM (1,1) model prediction method to predict population of Guizhou Province in 2020. On the basis of overall consideration of many factors of population development and future development trend of Guizhou Province,it analyzes advantages and disadvantages of three prediction methods,and obtains the prediction value of total population of Guizhou Province in 2020.

  4. 吉林省留守青少年生活事件与健康素质关系研究%Study on the relationship between left-behind adolescents' life events and health quality in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金英花; 顾颜; 赵红姬; 史沙沙; 张孟玉; 崔文香

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the situation and relation between left-behind adolescents' life events and health quality,and provide scientific basis for the left-behind adolescent health quality promotion strategy.[Method] 825 leftbehind adolescents had completed the multidimensional life events rating questionnaire and the multidimensional sub-health questionnaire of adolescents.[Results] Left-behind adolescents' major life events were from family life,healthy growth and school life.Left-behind adolescents' health quality was related with such factors as gender,residence,whether they were the only children,father's education,guardian's education,contact frequency between parents and children,parent-child relationship,the relationship between teachers and students,the partnership and the academic record.The study showed there was a positive correlation between life events and health quality.The dimensions of life events which had a significant effect on the left-behind adolescent's health quality were healthy growth,the parent-child relationship and the partnership (P< 0.001).[Conclusion] Left-behind adolescents' healthy quality is influenced by the facing life events,therefore,the ability to deal with all kinds of life events and pressures should be cultivated among these left-behind adolescents.%[目的]分析留守青少年生活事件和健康素质的现状,明确生活事件和健康素质的关系,为制定留守青少年健康素质提升策略提供科学依据. [方法]采用青少年生活事件多维评定问卷、青少年亚健康多维评定问卷对825名留守青少年进行问卷调查. [结果]留守青少年的主要生活事件来源于家庭生活、健康成长和学校生活.留守青少年的健康素质与性别、居住地、是否独生子女、父亲学历、监护人学历、父母与子女的联系频率、亲子关系、师生关系、伙伴关系、学习成绩等因素有关.留守青少年生活事件与健康素质及其各维度呈

  5. Evaluation on the Quality and Effect of Measles Prevention and Control in Hunan Province, 2009-2011%湖南省2009~2011年预防控制麻疹策略质量及效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴德芳; 杨彦华; 李放军; 张淑君; 孙倩莱

    2013-01-01

    目的 评价湖南省2009~2011年预防控制麻疹策略的质量及效果.方法 通过综合分析湖南省含麻疹成分疫苗(Measles-containing Vaccine,MCV)的接种率,包括常规免疫接种率、麻疹减毒活疫苗补充免疫活动(Supplementary Immunization Activities,SIAs)和查漏补种接种率、疫苗效价监测、人群免疫成功率及抗体水平监测、麻疹监测系统资料,评价2009~2011年预防控制麻疹的效果.结果 2009~2011年,湖南省常规免疫MCV第一、第二剂报告接种率分别为99.52%、99.33%,SIAs报告接种率和调查接种率均>95%,疫苗效价均达到合格滴度,免疫成功率为89.38%,人群麻疹抗体平均阳性(≥1∶200)率78.28%,抗体几何平均滴度为1∶436.2011年发病率与2009年相比下降了97.46%,<8月龄及≥15岁的病例占全部病例的38.38%.结论 湖南省预防控制麻疹措施效果显著,应继续加强麻疹监测,保持高质量的常规免疫,并针对重点人群开展免疫.%Objective To make an evaluation on the quality and effect of strategies fo measles prevention and control in Hunan province during 2009-2011.Methods To evaluate the effects of vaccination of measles-containing vaccine (MCV) in Hunan province during 2009-2011 by analyzing the coverage rate,including coverage of routine vaccination,SIAs,catch up vaccination,surveillance of vaccine efficiency,surveillance of antibody and data from the system of Measles surveillance.Results The inoculation rate of first dose and second dose MCV in routine immunization was 99.52%and 99.33% respectively.Both reported and investigated inoculation rate of SIAs are above 95%,all vaccine efficacy reached a qualified titre.The successful immunization rate was 89.38%,average positive rate of antiboday in population was 78.28%,geometric mean titer level was 1 ∶ 436,the incidence decreased 97.46%,and cases under 8 months or above 15 years of age accounted for 38.38

  6. The effect of wetlands on the quality of water resources in the Terra Cha district of the province Lugo, Spain; Efecto de los humedales sobre la calidad de los recursos hidricos de la comarca lucense de Terra Cha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vidal Bardan, M.; Lopez Fabal, A.; Melgar Rid, J. [Escuela Politecnica Superior de Lugo, Lugo (Spain)

    1996-04-01

    The area of Terra Cha (Lugo, Spain) is famous for having soils that present high contents of organic material. In such soils are frequent umbric epipedon. As a consequence of these horizons is an alteration of quality of hydric groundwater resources. This kind of natural pollution is present under aquatic humus form and therefore they are the responsable of the yellow coulors in mentioned water. The total content of organic material and humic acids and total content of humina in the dry remanet have been characterized. (Author) 10 refs.

  7. 江苏如东滩涂文蛤产地环境质量评价%Environmental Quality Evaluation on the Mud-flat Meretrix meretrix Aquaculture Area in Rudong of Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈新强; 袁骐; 王云龙; 蒋玫

    2012-01-01

    滩涂贝类最易受污染,养殖环境中积累的污染物往往沿食物链转移富集到滩涂贝类中,从而对贝类质量和人体健康构成潜在生态危险.根据对江苏如东滩涂文蛤养殖产地水体、沉积物和文蛤生物体中主要污染物为时1周年的4次同步监测数据,应用基于数理统计的超标概率法和内梅罗综合指数法,分析和评价滩涂文蛤产地环境质量状况及超标污染物,为产地环境的管理提供技术支持.单因子评价结果表明,该养殖产地水体中的超标污染物为石油烃,沉积物中的超标污染物依次为铬、汞、镉、砷和铜,文蛤体内的超标污染物依次为铬、铅、石油烃、镉和大肠菌群.综合评价结果表明,该养殖产地4季平均的水体、沉积物和贝类质量等级分别处于清洁、清洁和轻污染水平,其中沉积物质量冬、春季均处于轻污染等级,贝类生物体质量春季处于中污染等级.相关分析表明,水体中石油烃,沉积物中镉、铬含量的超标直接影响文蛤的产品质量,产地环境中的铅、大肠菌群、汞、铜、砷是影响该养殖产地文蛤产品质量的潜在污染物.从保证文蛤产品质量出发,应重点关注该产地环境中铬、铅、石油烃、镉和大肠菌群的污染.%The mud-flat shellfish was easily contaminated by pollutants that accumulating in the aquaculture environment. Pollutants do harm to the shellfish quality and human health by accumulating and transferring along the food chain and cause potentially ecological risk. The environment quality of aquaculture area of Meretrix meretrix in Rudong mud-flat was assessed with four survey data throughout the year in order to provide technical for the environmental management of aquaculture area. Samples of water, sediment and Meretrix meretrix were collected and were used to analyze the concentration of hydrocarbon, heavy metals and colon bacillus. These data were assessed with exceeding

  8. 开阔海域围填海规划的水质影响评价方法——以福建省湾外围填海为例%Water-quality impact assessment on open-sea reclamation planning——A case study of Fujian Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张一帆; 方秦华; 张珞平; 黄晨龙

    2012-01-01

    基于开阔海域围填海的特殊性,已有的水质影响评价定量方法较难直接应用.本文通过水动力因子分析确定污染物扩散条件,根据水质现状、围填面积和规划利用方式确定水质压力.基于上述污染物扩教条件和水质压力参数,以水质影响程度等级作为评价结果,设计了半定量评价矩阵对福建省湾外围填海规划的10个围填区进行了水质影响评价.评价结果表明:其中有1个围填区水质影响程度较大,其余围填区水质影响程度均在中等以下.此外,水质影响程度评价结果可同时为湾外围填海规划决策者提供相应的决策依据.案例应用表明:该半定量方法可以推广应用于决策型的、影响机制复杂、不确定性较强的人类活动的水质影响评价.%The marine reclamation is one of the major kinds of coastal projects, which may cause the negative impacts on water quality. Due to the particularity of reclamation in open-sea, the existing quantitative methods of water-quality impact assessment are inapplicable. In this study, an assessing matrii based on the pollutant diffusion condition and water quality pressure was developed to predict the water-quality impacts of 10 reclamation blocks in the planning of reclamation outside bays in Fujian Province. In which, the diffusing condition of pollutants is determined by the hydrodynamic analysis, and the pressure on water quality is determined by the analyzing current water quality, reclamation areas and their functions. The application of this semi-quantitative matrix, the results showed that the water quality impact of one reclamation area is comparative high, while others have lower impacts. These results of different impact degrees of water quality provided a supporting tool for the environmental management decision-making. The successful application in the case study also reveals that the semi-quantitative water-quality impact assessment methodology can be

  9. Characteristics of Ore Quality of Zirconium Ilmenite Deposit in Eastern Coastal Area of Mozambique——Setting 5004 C Mining Area in Zambezia Province as an Example%莫桑比克东部沿海锆钛砂矿矿石质量特征 ——以赞比西亚省5004C矿区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟令华; 崔庆岗; 孔德金; 杜小亮

    2015-01-01

    Marginal marine placer is one of the mineral resources with the most largest potentiality in the world. It is only next to oil and gas. The marginal marine placer are rich in eastern coastal areas in Mozambique, and occu-pies an important position in the world. In this paper, combining with zirconium ilmenite deposit in 5004C mining area of Zambezia province in Mozambique, characteristics of ore quality, such as ore structures, ore compositions, contents and changes have been analyzed. It wll provide favorable information for the exploration and development of zirconium ilmenite deposit in eastern coastal areas of Mozambique.%滨海砂矿是目前全球最大的潜在海洋矿产资源之一,仅次于石油与天然气. 莫桑比克东部沿海滨海砂矿资源丰富,在世界上占有重要地位. 该文结合莫桑比克赞比西亚省5004C矿区锆钛砂矿,分析矿石结构与构造、矿石物质组成、矿物含量及变化等矿石质量特征,为莫桑比克东部沿海锆钛砂矿的勘探和开发提供有利信息.

  10. The Investigation of Parents Factors Influenced on the Partial Physical Quality Qualified Rate of Preschool Children from Three to Six Years Old in Hubei Province%影响3-6岁幼儿部分身体素质合格率的父母因素的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽红; 杜忠林; 钱骏; 黄茜; 刘智

    2014-01-01

    选取2010年湖北省国民体质监测走、跑、跳身体素质指标并联系问卷中的父母因素项,统计分析各因素项中身体素质合格率的差异,探讨影响幼儿部分身体素质合格率的父母因素,以便为采取有效措施促进幼儿体质发展提供依据。结果显示,父母受教育程度为大专及以上、职业为脑力劳动类型的幼儿10m折返跑、立定跳远的合格率高,而走平衡木的合格率则以父母受教育程度为初中及以下及其他类型的劳动者高。父母参加每周1次以上体育锻炼的幼儿,以上这些身体素质的合格率都较不参加体育锻炼的父母的幼儿高。结论认为,鼓励幼儿父母参加体育锻炼、提高其体育锻炼及社会文化认知也是不可忽略的促进幼儿体质的干预手段之一。%Using the statistic method to analyze the differences between the data of partial physical quality rate of preschool children in different questionnaire items about the parents in 2010 year physical fitness surveillance in Hubei Province to investigate the parents factors influenced on the partial physical quality qualified rate of preschool children from three to six year old in Hubei Province, as to provide the truth to take the efficient measures to improve the physical fitness. Results: The preschool children whose parents are in the high level of education or mental workers are in the high physical quality qualified rate in standing long jump and 10m reentry run, but the qualified rates in walking the balance beam of preschool children whose parents are in the high level of education or other type workers are higher. The preschool children whose parents'frequency of physical exercise in a week is above one are in the higher physical quality qualified rate than below. Conclusion: Encouraging the parents to participate in physical exercise, as well as improving the cognition of their physical exercise and social cultural, that maybe

  11. 豫南大别山区不同海拔高度茶树主要品质成分变化%Variation of Quality Components of Tea Tree at Different Altitude in Dabie Mountain Area of Southern Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 张艺成; 武文文

    2014-01-01

    The compositions of tea tree are analyzed by biochemical analysis and HPLC at different altitude in Dabie Mountain area of southern Henan province .The results show as follows :water extract 44 .52% ~46 .99% ,tea polyphenol 25 .49% ~30 .03% ,catechin 208 .49~234 .18 mg · g -1 ,amino acid 3 .86% ~4 .81% ,soluble sugar 4 .61% ~5 .22% ,chlorophyll 11 .26~1 .98 mg · g -1 ,caffeine 3 .11% ~3 .72% .The tea quality increases with alti-tude increments ,and the best quality is at 700 m altitude .%采用生化分析和高效液相色谱法,分析了豫南大别山区不同海拔高度茶树的主要成分。结果表明,其主要品质成分的含量为:水浸出物44.52%~46.99%(质量分数,以下同),茶多酚25.49%~30.03%,儿茶素208.49~234.18mg·g -1,氨基酸3.86%~4.81%,可溶性糖4.61%~5.22%,叶绿素1.26~1.98mg·g -1,咖啡碱3.11%~3.72%。综合分析,随海拔高度的升高,茶叶品质逐渐提升,海拔700 m处的茶叶品质最佳。

  12. The Influence of Rain Shelter Greenhouse Cultivation on Grape Quality in Coastal Areas of Jiangsu Province%江苏省沿海地区避雨棚栽培对葡萄品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军; 王健; 谷纬; 朱芙蓉

    2012-01-01

    以维多利亚、白罗莎里奥、魏可为研究对象,研究避雨栽培对葡萄品质的影响。以露地栽培为对照,测定葡萄的粒重、横纵径、可溶性固形物含量、含糖量、维生素含量等指标。结果表明:避雨栽培条件下葡萄的粒重、横纵径显著优于露地栽培,避雨栽培条件下3个葡萄品种的含糖量略低于露地栽培;避雨栽培条件下葡萄的可溶性固形物含量和维生素含量显著高于露地栽培。避雨棚栽培可提高葡萄的品质。%The effects of rain shelter greenhouse cultivation on grape quality were researched with Rosario Bianco,Wink and Victoria.The indexes of grape grain weight,vertical and horizontal diameter,total soluble solids content,soluble sugar content and vitamin content were tested in two different conditions of rain cultivation and open cultivation.The results showed that the indexes of grain weight,vertical and horizontal diameter,total soluble solids content and vitamin content in rain shelter greenhouse cultivation were higher than those indexes in open cultivation.The soluble sugar content in rain shelter greenhouse cultivation was slightly lower than the index in open cultivation.The rain cultivation shelter greenhouse could improve the quality of grape.

  13. 代际视角下农民工城市主观生活质量及影响因素研究--以江西省为例%Research on the Subjective Life Quality and Its Influencing Factors of the Migrant Workers in Cities from the Perspective of Generation:Case Study of Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国强; 汪兴东; 梁志民; 肖芳文

    2014-01-01

    在代际视角下,以江西调查样本为依据,运用多元线性回归的方法分别对新老两代农民工城市主观生活质量影响因素进行分析,最终发现:新老两代农民工城市主观生活质量影响因素存在一定差异。影响新生代农民工城市主观生活质量的因素由大到小依次有社会满意度、工作满意度、健康状况、性别、空气质量、是否缴纳工伤保险、务工收入等;而影响老一代农民工城市主观生活质量的因素由大到小依次有社会满意度、空气质量、工作满意度、婚姻状况、是否缴纳工伤保险、健康状况、务工收入等。%This paper analyzes the factors that affect the subjective life quality of new and old migrant workers based on the sample of Jiangxi province and the method of MLR, from the perspective of generation.The findings are: there is difference in the factors between the two generations.The factors that influence the new generation migrant worker'subjective life quality from the most to the least are:social satisfaction,job satisfaction,health condition,sex,air quality, paying for job injury insurance,income,etc.However,the factors that affect the old generation from the most to the least are:social satisfaction,air quality,job satisfaction,marriage condition,paying for the job injury insurance,health condition,income,etc.

  14. 农村转移劳动力就业质量实证研究--基于河北省的实证分析%An Empirical Study on the Quality of Employment of Rural Labor Transfer---Based on Empirical Analysis of Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石永会; 邢明强; 王峰

    2015-01-01

    How to further improve the transfer of rural labor force employment quality is related to health, the smooth development of the national economy, but also to ensure that the key to the implementation of China's urbanization smoothly. Through to the Hebei Provincal the transfer of rural labor force sample surveys and analysis, found that the level of economic development, urban and rural system of two yuan, the employment market segmentation, discrimination in employment and the quality of labor is the reason the transfer of rural labor force employment effect. To ensure that the transfer of rural labor force employment quality continues to improve, we must let the government and enterprises jointly play a role, to transform the employment idea, improve the social security system, exerting the function of trade unions, improve the wage growth mechanism, from many angles to improve the employment quality.%如何进一步提高农村转移劳动力就业质量,事关国民经济健康顺利发展,同时也是确保我国城镇化建设顺利实施的关键。通过对河北省农村转移劳动力抽样调查的结果分析,发现经济发展水平、城乡二元体制、就业市场分割、就业歧视以及劳动者素质是影响农村转移劳动力就业质量提高的原因。要想确保农村转移劳动力就业质量不断提高,就必须让政府和企业共同发挥作用,转变就业理念,完善社保体系,发挥工会作用,健全工资增长机制等,从多角度入手来提高劳动者就业质量。

  15. Investigation of Characteristics for Yield and Quality of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val.from Sichuan Province%川产莪术植株产量与品质特性的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘愿; 程方叙; 张兴国; 张川钱

    2011-01-01

    [目的]调查川产莪术植株各部位生物学产量,初步研究其资源品质特性,为茎叶资源的开发利用提供科学依据.[方法]在主产区随机采集川产莪术代表性植株,以植株不同部位为试验研究材料,应用《中华人民共和国药典》及文献中的品质检测方法,调研川产莪术植株产量并检测品质特性.[结果]植株每窝二母姜(莪术)干品平均产量为224.44g,其中茎叶光合产物、脂溶性组分、蛋白质积累量分别占植株资源总量的40.61%、42.05%、38.06%,以叶片的脂溶性组分含量(2.897%)最高;川产莪术植株的灰分含量均符合《中华人民共和国药典》(2010版,二部)莪术、郁金要求.[结论]川产莪术植株茎叶为可利用的优良资源,建议在主产区川产莪术植株枯萎前采收,对茎叶加以回收利用,以提高川产莪术植株的产油率或用作饲料.%[Objective]To study the yield of different parts of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. From Sichuan and make preliminary study on different resource quality characteristics so as to provide scientific basis for the development and utilization of the stems and leaves resources. [ Methods]To investigate the yield of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. From Sichuan and detect quality characteristics with quality identification methods recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia and some literature, different parts of the representative plants picked rando mly from the main production area Sichuan were regarded as experimental materials. [ Result]The average yield of dried goods is 224.44 g,among which photosynthates in stems and leaves, fat-soluble ingredients,protein yields account for 40.61% ,42.05% and 38.06% of the total resource,respectively. The content of fat-soluble ingredients in leaves was the highest at 2.897%. The ash content was all fulfilled the requirements on RADIX CURCUMAE of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010 Edition II). [ Conclusion ] Stems and leaves of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. From

  16. 吉林省几个主要产区人参药材品质评价%Ginseng Herbs Quality Evaluation of Several Major Production Areas in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林红梅; 王晓郁; 杨莉; 王悦; 韩梅

    2013-01-01

    With total saponin,glycol or triol type saponins and eight kinds of monomer ginsenoside con-tent as indexes,the quality of different years of ginseng samples in different production areas was evaluat-ed,and the difference was analyzed.A HPLC method for determining Rg1,Re,Rf,Rb1,Rb2,Rb3,Rc and Rd (HPLC)was established,and the method was applied to determine the content of ginseng saponins;the content of total saponin was determined with vanillin sulfuric acid method.The results show that for total saponin of Panax ginseng,ginseng samples in Fusong area are the best;for the evaluation index of eight kinds of monomer ginsenoside content,ginseng samples in Changbai and Wangqing areas are better.For the same index,if the samples are 4 years old,saponin content in Hunchun area is low;if the samples are 5 years old,the quality in Fusong and Changbai area is poor.The evaluation results are closely related to the testing index and the sampling age,and a more stable evaluation system should be established to control the quality of ginseng raw materials and products.%分别以总皂苷、二醇型或三醇型皂苷、8种单体皂苷的含量为指标,对不同产地、不同年生人参样品进行质量评价,并分析其差异。建立可同时测定 Rg1、Re、Rf、Rb1、Rb2、Rb3、Rc、Rd 的高效液相色谱法(HPLC),运用该法对人参单体皂苷含量进行测定;总皂苷含量采用香草醛-硫酸法测定。结果表明:以总皂苷含量为评价指标,抚松地区人参品质最佳;以8种单体皂苷含量为评价指标,长白、汪清地区较优。其次,采用同一评价指标时,如样品为四年生,珲春地区皂苷含量较低;如样品为五年生,以抚松和长白地区品质较差。人参品质评价结果与测试指标、取样年龄等密切相关,对人参原料和产品的质量控制应建立更加细致稳定的评价系统。

  17. Analysis on Sanitary Quality of Hemodialysis Water in Hospitals of Hunan Province During the Period of 2009 - 2011%湖南省2009-2011年医院血液透析用水卫生质量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞浩; 吴传业; 黄涛; 陈彦华; 胡冀; 杨新文

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解近3年湖南省医院血液透析用水的卫生状况,为血透用水卫生质量的规范化管理提供科学依据.方法 于2009-2011年先后采集湖南省的77家不同等级医院的血液透析用水样品,按照《血液透析用水卫生标准》进行理化指标、微生物指标的检测分析和判定.结果 血透用水中氯化物、钙、氯胺、内毒素和菌落总数等超标率分别为11.7%、2.6%、2.6%、23.4%、1.3%,其他项目均合格.三甲医院和非三甲医院透析用水合格率差异无统计学意义.结论 影响湖南省血液透析用水卫生质量的主要因素是氯化物和内毒素,定期监测、及时更换水处理设备组件、加强输配水管路的清洗消毒等措施是提高血液透析用水水质的关键.%Objective To investigate the sanitary quality of hemodialysis water among hospitals of Hunan Province in the past 3 years, and to provide a scientific basis for the standardized management of hemodialysis water. Methods The samples of hemodialysis water were collected from 77 different levels of hospitals in Hunan Province from 2009 to 2011. Physicochemical and microbial indexes of the samples were measured and judged according to Sanitary Standard for Hemodialysis Water. Results The disqualification rates of chloride, calcium, chloramine, esotoxin and total number of bacterial colony were 11. 7%, 2.6%,2.6%, 23.4%, and 1.3%, respectively. The other inspection items were qualified. But the qualified rates showed no statistically significant difference between 3A grade hospitals and other grades hospitals. Conclusions The main influencing factors for sanitary quality of hemodialysis water in Hunan are chloride and esotoxin. The key measures to improve the quality of hemodialysis water are to monitor regularly, replace water treatment device in time, wash and disinfect the water pipes.

  18. 海南疗养的异地老人疗养前后生命质量及日常生活能力比较%Investigation on the life quality and health status of the ecdemic seniors after recuperation in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙登毅; 符秀梅; 金水晶; 吴亚丹; 文国强; 陈涛; 吴玲; 苏庆杰; 梁培日; 钟书辉

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To discuss the effect of winter environment in Hainan Province on the life quality and health status of the ecdemic seniors by observing the results before and after recuperation and to provide some data for arranging the "migratory seniors" . METHODS Based on randomized sampling, selected 710 ecdemic seniors with age≥65 years from sanitariums and senior apartments in Haikou and Sanya Districts from 2007 to 2010, and recuperated for 3 months. Investigated the following indexes such as blood fat, hemorheology, blood sugar, blood pressure, weight and vital capacity by SF-36 Scale and ADL scale to assess their physiological and psychological health status. RESULTS The scores of life quality after the recuperation were higher than those before recuperation, especially for those with chronic diseases.There were significant differences in ADL scores before and after recuperation. The differentiations of blood fat, hemaorheology, blood sugar, blood pressure, weight and vital capacity were statistically significant. CONCLUSION The life quality and health status of ecdemic seniors are increased after recuperation in Hainan Province, suggesting that the winter environment in Hainan is of great benefit to ecdemic seniors and Hainan has an advantage on winter recuperation.%目的 通过对冬季来海南疗养的异地老年人群疗养前后生活质量及健康状况变化的评价,探讨海南冬季自然环境对异地老年人群生活质量、健康状况的影响,为“候鸟人群”安置事业提供一定的科学依据.方法 采用整群随机抽样的方法,抽取2007~2010年间海口、三亚地区各个疗养院、老人公寓的异地疗养的老年人(≥65岁)共710名,疗养时间3个月.利用SF-36量表、ADL量表进行面对面调查,对疗养前后体检及化验指标:血脂、血流变学、血糖、血压、体重、肺活量进行观察,评价其生理、心理健康状况.结果 异地年人海南疗养后生活质量得分高于疗

  19. 山东省焦虑障碍患者生命质量及应对方式的病例对照研究%A case-control study on the quality of life and the way of response among patients with anxiety disorder in Shandong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董曼; 张敬悬; 卢传华; 唐济生; 刘兰芬; 邱惠敏; 王松波; 王爱祯; 李馨

    2013-01-01

    目的 采用病例对照方法探讨焦虑障碍患者生命质量和应对方式特点.方法 对山东省≥18岁人群精神障碍流行病学调查数据进行二次分析,以符合DSM-Ⅳ诊断的720例焦虑障碍患者作为研究组,按同性别、同年龄组(±3岁)、同村或同社区1∶1配对,在数据库中选择720名无任何精神疾病诊断者作为正常对照组.研究工具采用一般健康问卷、生命质量量表、简易应对方式问卷和一般资料调查问卷.结果 焦虑障碍患者的生命质量评分低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).应对方式中焦虑障碍患者消极应对因子评分高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).两因素方差分析显示,在排除性别、年龄、职业、受教育年限、婚姻状况、宗教信仰因素的影响后,焦虑障碍患者的生命质量评分仍低于对照组,消极应对因子评分仍高于对照组.结论 焦虑障碍患者生命质量低于正常对照组,且多采用消极应对方式.%Objective To explore the characteristics related to the quality of life and the way of response among patients with anxiety disorder in Shandong province.Methods Case-control study was adopted,with secondary data analysis on mental disorders among adults over 18 years of age,in Shandong province.720 patients with anxiety disorder who met the anxiety diagnostic criteria of DSM-Ⅳ,were selected from the database,according to the distributions on gender,age (± 3 years of age),village or community.720 persons without any psychiatric diagnosis were selected and served as controls,under 1 ∶ 1 paired choice.Research tools would include:General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12),Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ),Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ),and questionnaire on general information.Results Scores of QLQ among patients with anxiety disorder were lower than that of the control group,with statistically significant difference (P <0.01).Scores on the

  20. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ziyun; PENG; Dantong; LI; Rui; CHEN; Min; QIAN; Yiqi; CHEN; Hongjun; YANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant,it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then,it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate,location and price advantages,but due to lack of product standard,it is difficult to guarantee quality,and there are certain market risks. Finally,it put forward recommendations for development of aromatherapy industry:( 1) taking full advantage of preferential policies to set up leading enterprises and realize radiated development;( 2) bringing into play of resource advantages and introducing capitals and technologies;( 3) Fostering market and driving the industrial development.

  1. Neotectonics in the maritime provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seismic risk assessment in the Maritime Provinces requires input from not just historical, but also geological sources. A detailed search through published and unpublished geological literature reveals many examples - some probable, some possible -of neotectonic movement in the area. Examples range in tectonic significance from those that reflect exaggerated local imbalance to those that signify deep-seated stress. Evidence for neotectonism in the Maritimes is multidisciplined. It includes deformation in bedrock and quaternary deposits, and regional warping. Recent movement also is indicated by changes in relative sea level, in situ stress fields and geodetic fluctuations. Finally, and most unequivocally, neotectonism in the Maritime Provinces is manifested as the seismic events that have sporadically affected the area throughout its recent geological history, and continue up to the present day. 288 refs

  2. Analysis of Production,Quality,Resistance and Agronomic Traits in Cultivated Peanut Released by Henan Province%河南省育成花生品种的产量、品质、抗性及农艺性状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董文召; 张新友; 汤丰收; 韩锁义

    2011-01-01

    59 cultivated peanuts were registered by Henan Province, since establishment of crop variety examination and approval system. The results of the regional test of peanut showed that there were great changes in average yield, the highest yield, quality, resistance and agronomic traits. The average production was 4306.35 kg/hm2 between 2006 and 2009, which was 615 kg/hm2 higher than that was 3694.05 kg/hm2 between 1982 and 1990. Meanwhile, the average high yield was 6345.90 kg/hm2, which was 415 kg/hm2 higher than that was 5879.55 kg/hm2. The results showed that yield of registered peanut cultivars could be raised year by year, the resistances of new released peanut varieties were significantly higher than that of the check cultivars. Average quality of new released peanut was no significant improvement although qualities of individual species had obviously improved. The key of further improving yield were reduced the height,appropriate increasing in branch, increasing of mature pods per plant and 100-ped weight.%河南省开展农作物品种审定制度以来,河南省选育并通过审定的花生品种59个.从审定品种区域试验平均产量、最高产量、品质、抗性、农艺性状等方面对品种进行分析,平均产量由1982-1990年3694.05 kg/hm2,上升到2006-2009年的4306.35 kg/hm2,最高产量也从平均5879.55kg/hm2,提高到6345.90 kg/hm2,增长了465 kg.研究结果表明,审定品种的产量在逐年提高,抗性有明显增强,虽有个别品种品质明显改善但品种平均品质改善不大;降低株高,适当增加分枝、单株结果数、增加百果重是进一步提高产量的关键.

  3. Regional Distribution of Cotton Fiber Quality in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The fiber quality status is very important for super quality cotton production and diverse requirements of textile industry in China.In this study,the quality of cotton fiber samples which are collected from 13 major cotton production provinces between 2001 to 2005 were analyzed.Eight quality traits

  4. The Research on social support and quality of life status among pregnant women living with HIV in high HIV-prevalent areas of Sichuan province%四川省艾滋病高流行地区人类免疫缺陷病毒感染孕产妇社会支持与生命质量现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何丹; 廖辉; 何朝华; 蒲杰; 许跃忠; 刘敬涛; 布的尔波; 梁家智; 唐英; 孙玲玲; 郑姝娟

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究了解四川省艾滋病高流行地区人类免疫缺陷病毒( Human Immunodeficiency Virus , HIV)感染孕产妇社会支持和生命质量现状。方法选取2014年凉山州HIV感染孕产妇187名和正常孕产妇243名为对照组进行问卷调查,对比分析两组孕产妇的社会支持和生命质量现状及其相关联因素。结果两组孕产妇在文化程度、职业等方面比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),HIV感染孕产妇的社会支持总分和生命质量的健康总体自评( GH)、躯体疼痛( BP)、活力( VT)、社会功能( SF)、精神健康( MH)领域中的得分低于对照组孕产妇( P<0.05);但在生理功能( PF)、生理职能( RP)、情感职能( RE)领域中的得分以及生命质量总分高于对照组孕产妇(P<0.05),HIV感染孕产妇社会支持和生命质量主要与RP、BP、SF、RE、MH相关(P<0.05)。结论凉山州HIV感染孕产妇的社会人口学特征明显,生命质量和社会支持具有相关性。%Objective To study the social support and quality of life status among pregnant women living with HIV ,for setting policies and measures of prevention of mother to child transmission ( PMTCT ) in high HIV -prevalent areas of Sichuan province . Methods In 2014, questionnaire survey was conducted on 187 pregnant women living with HIV and 243 pregnant women living without HIV in Liangshan area .Results There were difference between pregnant women living with or without HIV in cultural degree , occupation ( P<0.05) ,the total and three dimensions of social support scores in pregnant women living with HIV were lower than those in pregnant women living without HIV (P<0.05),the GH,VT,SF、MH of quality of life scores in pregnant women living with HIV were lower than those in pregnant women living without HIV (P<0.05),the total quality of life and PF、RP、RE scores were higher than those living without HIV(P<0.05),the

  5. 四川省艾滋病高流行地区人类免疫缺陷病毒感染孕产妇社会支持与生命质量现状研究%The Research on social support and quality of life status among pregnant women living with HIV in high HIV-prevalent areas of Sichuan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何丹; 廖辉; 何朝华; 蒲杰; 许跃忠; 刘敬涛; 布的尔波; 梁家智; 唐英; 孙玲玲; 郑姝娟

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the social support and quality of life status among pregnant women living with HIV ,for setting policies and measures of prevention of mother to child transmission ( PMTCT ) in high HIV -prevalent areas of Sichuan province . Methods In 2014, questionnaire survey was conducted on 187 pregnant women living with HIV and 243 pregnant women living without HIV in Liangshan area .Results There were difference between pregnant women living with or without HIV in cultural degree , occupation ( P<0.05) ,the total and three dimensions of social support scores in pregnant women living with HIV were lower than those in pregnant women living without HIV (P<0.05),the GH,VT,SF、MH of quality of life scores in pregnant women living with HIV were lower than those in pregnant women living without HIV (P<0.05),the total quality of life and PF、RP、RE scores were higher than those living without HIV(P<0.05),the social support scores were relevant to quality of life in pregnant women living with HIV ,mainly RP,BP,SF,RE,MH (P <0.05).Conclusion In Liangshan area,pregnant women living with HIV have social demographic characteristics significantly ,there was a positive correlation between quality of life and social support , we should consider their own feeling experience to carry out PMTCT work effectively ,and improve their quality of life .%目的:研究了解四川省艾滋病高流行地区人类免疫缺陷病毒( Human Immunodeficiency Virus , HIV)感染孕产妇社会支持和生命质量现状。方法选取2014年凉山州HIV感染孕产妇187名和正常孕产妇243名为对照组进行问卷调查,对比分析两组孕产妇的社会支持和生命质量现状及其相关联因素。结果两组孕产妇在文化程度、职业等方面比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),HIV感染孕产妇的社会支持总分和生命质量的健康总体自评( GH)、躯体疼痛( BP)、活力( VT)、社会功能( SF

  6. Quality of Life and Influence Factors in Adults with Epilepsy in Central Area of Zhejiang Province%浙中地区成人癫痫患者生活质量现状调查及规范化治疗对其影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴慧敏; 余智; 劳强和

    2014-01-01

    目的调查和分析浙中地区成人癫痫患者生活质量的现状及规范化治疗对其影响,为全面提高成人癫痫患者的生活质量提供理论依据。方法采用癫痫患者生活质量量表-31(quality of life in epilepsy inventory-31,QOLIE-31)对85例临床确诊的特发性或隐源性成人癫痫患者和60例正常对照者进行评估分析,之后对其中52例成人癫痫患者进行规范化治疗,3个月后再次评估其生活质量并进行前后对比。结果成人癫痫患者生活质量(quality of life,QOL)得分低于正常人群,差异有统计学意义(<0.05);经规范化治疗3个月后患者在发作担忧、情绪健康、认知功能、药物影响和QOL总分方面得分较治疗前明显提高,差异有统计学意义(<0.05)。结论成人癫痫患者生活质量较正常人群明显降低;规范治疗可提高患者的生活质量。%Objective According to the inquiry and analysis of Central Area Zhejiang province adult epileptics's living condition and its af ected factors, we provide theoretic evidences to comprehensively improve epileptics's living condition. Methods We compared 85 clinical definite cases who were idiopathic or essential epileptics with 60 cases normal control group through the quality of life in epilepsy inventory-31 (QOLIE-31).Afterwards, standardization treatment was applied to the 52 adult epileptic cases, and we evaluated their quality of life again three months later. Results According to the research, the score of the adult epileptic quality of life is lower than the normality ( <0.05). what's more ,the scores in the misgivings of paroxysm, the emotional health, the cognitive function, the pharmic influence and the QOL score are markedly increased to the pretherapy patients after 3-month standardization treatment ( <0.05). Conclusion [1]adulte epileptic living condition are dramatic decline compare to the normality;[2]Whether the standardization treatment could improve the quality of

  7. 陕西省农村居民视功能相关生存质量现况及其相关因素%Study on the epidemiology and related factors of vision functioning related quality of life among the rural residents of Shanxi province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩程成; 刘如如; 王明旭; 马乐

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解陕西省农村居民视功能相关生存质量现状,并探讨其相关因素.方法 采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法,抽取陕西省4个乡镇的237名农村居民,对其进行视功能相关生存质量的问卷调查.采用单因素和多因素回归模型探讨视功能相关生存质量的相关因素.结果 本研究共收集有效调查223人,其中男性65人(29.10%),女性158人(70.9%).研究对象年龄为(35.8±14.2)岁.视功能相关生存质量三方面(一般健康及视力情况、活动受限程度、视力问题的反映程度)得分分别为(70.87 ±17.19)分、(91.56±9.13)分和(85.20±19.73)分.视功能一般健康及视力情况得分与眼药使用和眼病史呈负相关;活动受限程度得分与家族史和用药史呈负相关;视力问题的反映程度得分与年龄呈负相关,而与精神状态呈正相关.结论 视功能相关生存质量与年龄、眼药使用、眼病史、用药史、家族眼病史、精神状态均可影响视功能相等因素有关,需根据实际情况加强对居民的健康教育.%Objective To understand the vision functioning related quality of life in rural residents of Shanxi province,and explore its related factors.Methods By using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method,237 rural residents from four township of Shanxi Province were conducted a questionnaire survey of vision functioning related quality of life.Using single factor and multiple factor regression model,the factors related to vision functioning related quality of life were explored.Results There were effective survey of 223 people,including 65 males (29.10%) and 158 females (70.9%).The age of residents was (35.8 ±14.2) years old.As the three aspects of vision functioning related quality of life (general health and vision acuity,grades of activity disabilities,reflections of vision problems) scores were 70.87 ± 17.19,91.56 ±9.13,85.20 ± 19.73 respectively.The visual functioning of general

  8. El impacto del divorcio en la calidad de vida de los niños de 8 a 12 años de edad en la provincia de Alicante Impact of divorce on quality of life in children aged 8-12 years in the province of Alicante (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mireia Orgilés

    2011-12-01

    seven randomly-selected schools in the province of Alicante. Of the total sample, 861 children had married parents and 164 had divorced parents. The children completed the Child Health and Illness Profile-Child Edition and those with divorced parents also provided information on the current relationship between their parents. Results: Quality of life was higher in children with married parents than in those with divorced parents, with higher scores in all dimensions. Children who reported conflict between their parents after the divorce had worse quality of life. Conclusions: These results confirm significant differences in quality of life according to family structure and revealed the relationship between children's self-perceived health and interparental conflict after divorce. We emphasize the importance of health professionals in providing guidance to divorced parents on preventing their children's health problems and facilitating adaptation to the new family situation.

  9. Status of Quality of Life in Civil Servants in Guangdong Province and Its Impacting Factors%广东省不同生活方式公务员的生存质量状况及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆艳; 许军; 丘金彩; 魏骞; 冯丽仪; 邹俐爱; 徐华丽

    2013-01-01

    Objective To assess the health - related quality of life among civil servants with different lifestyle in Guangdong province, and investigate the factors impacting their quality of life. Methods The stratified random sampling method was used to choose 2 805 civil servants, and thier quality of life was investigated by Health Survey Short Form - 36 Items ( SF - 36 ) Scale. Results The univariate analysis showed that the civil servants who smoked had lower scores in SF - 36 than those who did not; servants who drank a lot had lower scores than those who never drank or drank a little, servants who never had breakfast had lower scores than those who had breakfast, servants who had less sleeping time had lower scores than those who had more sleeping time, servants who often participated in physical exercise had lower scores than those who did not, servants who often participated in work - related entertainment had lower scores than those who did unusually, servants who often worked on computer or were mostly sedentary had lower scores than those who did not or were not ( P <0. 01 ). The Multiple stepwise regression showed that the factors influencing the health - related quality of life in civil servants were alcohol drinking, work - related entertainment, experience with negative events within half a year, smoking, physical exercise, breakfast habits, sleep time, sedentary work on computer ( P < 0. 05 ) . Conclusion Lifestyle factors such as alcohol drinking, work - related entertainment, smoking, physical exercise, breakfast habits, sleeping time, and sedentary work on computer are related to their quality of life.%目的 评价广东省不同生活方式公务员的生存质量状况,并探讨其生存质量的影响因素.方法采用分层随机抽样的方法,选取广东省公务员2 805名.采用健康调查简表(SF-36)进行调查.结果 单因素分析显示,公务员的SF-36得分吸烟组低于不吸烟组,大量饮酒组低于不饮酒或少量饮酒组,

  10. Comparative Analysis of the Course of Rural Urbanization and Urban Modernization——A Case Study of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    According to the relevant data in Jiangsu Province during the period 2000-2005,this article conducts comparative analysis of the course of rural urbanization and urban modernization using factor analysis method and principal component analysis method.The results show that the factors influencing the course of rural urbanization and urban modernization in Jiangsu Province can be summarized as 3 common factors(economic urbanization,social urbanization,urbanization of life quality and environment);economic urbanization is still the main factor influencing the course of rural urbanization and urban modernization;social urbanization,urbanization of life quality and environment also have great impact on the course of rural urbanization and urban modernization.Finally this article draws the conclusion that the difference between rural urbanization and urban modernization in Jiangsu Province will be gradually reduced,and Jiangsu Province should achieve balanced development in urban and rural areas.

  11. Information Quality, Transaction Costs and Farmers' Sale Prices---Evidence from 466 rubber farmers in Hainan and Yunnan provinces%信息质量、交易成本与农户的销售价格∗--基于海南、云南466个橡胶种植户的调研数据

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍薇; 刘锐金; 莫业勇

    2015-01-01

    Based on the farmer survey data from Hainan and Yunnan provinces, this paper analyzes the impact of information quality, transaction costs and household characteristics on sale prices, which is supported by behavior theory. The results from the multiple regression models show that the quality of information, the specialization and the rubber income level significantly affect the farms’ sale prices; oppositely, bargaining power and the organizational degree have a negative relationship with sale prices. The role of product-forms and targeting-buyers is also important for sale prices which farm-ers receive. Meanwhile, whether or not farmers are familiar to the distribution of buyers, the distance between rubber plantations and sale destinations, and education levels have no significant impact on the prices. Therefore, we suggest that natural rubber market condition and information services should be improved, and farmers should be encouraged to specialized management.%利用466个农户的调查数据,以农户行为理论为支撑,研究信息质量、交易成本、农户特征对农户所获得销售价格的影响。研究结果表明:信息质量、生产专业化程度的提高以及高水平的橡胶收入有助于农户获得更高的价格;议价能力、组织化程度与销售价格呈现负相关,销售产品形式、交易对象的选择会在一定程度上影响销售价格;交易环境的熟识度、交易距离的远近以及农户受教育程度对农户所能获得价格的高低没有显著的影响。因此,提出加强天然橡胶市场建设和产业信息技术服务、鼓励农户专业化经营等建议。

  12. Food quality and safety in export fresh fruit horticultural products: Implying in the labor process of agribusiness related to sweat citrus fruit in Entre Rios province Calidad y seguridad alimentaria en productos frutihortícolas frescos de exportación: Implicaciones en los procesos laborales de la agroindustria de cítricos dulces de Entre Ríos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidia Tadeo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the early 1990s the world market increases the demand of fresh fruit horticultural products in order to satisfy customers who require standardised products and "just in time" delivery. Meanwhile a great number of food quality and safety regulations are developed which are also concerned in workers wellfare, prohibition of children work and inverorment protection. This article shows the results of a study about citrus fruit and agribusiness related to citrus fruit in Entre Rios province, the main sweet citrus fruit producer in Argentina . Such study deals with food quality and health features of export sweet citrus fruit which are sent to other counter-seasonal markets. We use qualitative information gathered in the years 2005 and 2006 by means of direct survey to packaging export companies, citrus producers, entreproneurs, harvest workers and packaging workers. We add statistic information in this study, as well.A comienzos de 1990 el mercado mundial incrementa la demanda de productos frutihortícolas en estado fresco, destinada a satisfacer a consumidores que requieren productos estandarizados y envíos "just in time". Simultáneamente, aparecen numerosas normas de calidad y seguridad alimentaria, públicas y privadas, tendientes a la obtención de productos sanos e inocuos, a la vez que se interesan por la protección de los trabajadores, prohibición del trabajo infantil y cuidado del medio ambiente. Este artículo presenta resultados de un estudio de caso referido a la agroindustria de cítricos de la provincia de Entre Ríos, principal productora de cítricos dulces del país. Se indaga en los criterios de calidad y sanidad alimentaria en cítricos dulces de exportación a mercados de contraestación y su repercusión en los procesos de trabajo. Utilizamos información cualitativa obtenida en los años 2005 y 2006 (encuestas directas a empresas empacadoras exportadoras, entrevistas en profundidad a productores citrícolas, empresarios

  13. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the more communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing. So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. The qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make different impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of scenic spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyze the existing problems on translation of the names from the persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions are proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  14. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the mor communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. Th qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make differen impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of sceni spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyz the existing problems on translation of the names from th persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions ar proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  15. How to compute regional trends in water quality?

    OpenAIRE

    Bogaart, P. W.; Bolt, F.J.E.

    2012-01-01

    National policies, guided by European legislation such as the Water Framework Directive, ask for information on trends in water quality metrics, such as nutrient concentrations, on relatively large spatial scales, such as catchments, water management units or physiographic provinces...

  16. Evaluation on the environmental quality about lead, cadmium, arsenic,chromium, mercury, copper and fluorine in the soils of Tieguanyin tea plantation in Fujian Province%福建铁观音茶园土壤中铅、镉、砷、铬、汞、铜、氟的环境质量现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雅玲; 王果; 罗丹; 葛宏力; 汪根发; 陈进火; 罗志毅

    2011-01-01

    为了解福建省铁观音茶园土壤中主要污染元素的含量状况及其对茶叶生产的影响,采用野外调查和室内分析相结合的方法研究了福建省铁观音茶主产地安溪、华安和永春县150个茶园土壤中铅、镉、砷、铬、汞、铜、氟的含量,并进行了环境质量现状评价.结果表明,所有土壤的镉、铅、氟含量,97%以上土壤的铬、砷、汞含量均低于茶叶产地环境技术条件(NY/T853-2004)中相应的限量;92%以上土壤的镉、铬、砷、汞含量和70%以上土壤的铅含量低于有机茶产地环境条件(NY 5199-2002)中相应的限量.变质岩发育的土壤镉和氟含量较高,砂岩类发育的土壤铬含量较高,流纹质凝灰岩类发育的土壤铅含量较高,流纹岩类发育的土壤砷含量较高,闪长岩类发育的土壤汞和铜含量较高;水稻土改种的茶园土壤镉、铅和汞含量较高,铬和砷含量较低;赤红壤发育的土壤中铅含量较高,黄壤发育的土壤中铬和砷含量较高,红壤发育的土壤中铜含量较高.就所研究的元素而言,大部分供试茶园土壤是清洁和安全的.%To learn the main pollutant elements contents in soils and their potential effects on tea production, 150 surface soil samples and the corresponding tea leaves collected from Tieguanyin tea plantations in Anxi, Hua'an and Yongchun Counties of Fujian Province were investigated.The contents of Pb, Cd, As, Ct, Hg, Cu and F in surface soils were analyzed for environmental quality.The results showed that contents of Cd, Pd and F in all soil samples, and contents of Ct, As, Hg in 97% soil samples were lower than the environmental requirement criteria NY/T 853-2004 for tea production.Contents of Cd, Ct, As, Hg in 92% soil samples, and content of Pb in 70% soil samples were lower than the environmental condition criteria NY 5199-2002 for organic tea production.The contents of Cd and F in soils from metamorphic rock, Cr in soils from

  17. Jurisdictional Complexity in Antwerp Company Law (1480-1620)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hofstraeten, Bram; Donlan, Sean Patrick; Heirbaut, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    If jurisdictional complexity manifests itself primarily through the existence of multiple contemporaneous legal orders supplemented by a less formal, normative pluralism, the present contribution intends to show that a similar kind of intricacy may be observed in one of the constituting elements of

  18. Stylizing Standard Dutch by Moroccan Boys in Antwerp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaspers, Jurgen

    2006-01-01

    This article examines ethnographic data that show Belgian adolescents of Moroccan descent stylizing Standard Dutch. Analysis addresses the importance of this variety in Belgian-Flemish society and in the school these boys attended, and shows how in interviews with Moroccan boys the hegemonic status of this variety is generally accepted. In…

  19. Research on the Construction of the Quality Assessment System of The Sunshine Sports Project of School——Take the High School in Sichuan Province as the Research Object%构建学校阳光体育工程质量评估体系的研究——以四川省中学为研究对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦勇; 鲁飞; 李小刚; 张艳群

    2012-01-01

    By adopting the methods of literature document,questionnaire investigation expert interview...etc.to investigate of the present conditions of the 55 high schools to developed The Sunshine Sports Project in Sichuan province.The results showed:Majority of schools has developed Sunshine Sports to exercise,but total unbalance,situation didn't form to continuously develop,investigate its basic reason to lie in having never built up quality to investigate a mechanism.Therefore,The school is the corpus object of the Sunshine Sports Project quality valuation,science sets up the Sunshine Sports Project quality in school valuation index sign system,Should follow the basic principle of the "Assessing and to assessment and reform,combined with evaluation and construction,focusing on building";Should adhere to principle of the scientific and systematic,versatility and compatibility,and incentive-oriented,concise and operational;The system should cover the organization and management,security conditions,evaluation mechanisms,Students four specific evaluation index system and a feature of the index.Sunshine Sports to grow an effect mechanism.%运用文献资料法、问卷调查法、专家访谈法和数理统计法等研究方法,对四川省55所中学开展阳光体育工程的现状进行调查研究。结果显示:多数学校开展了阳光体育运动,但是发展不平衡,总体看尚未形成持续开展的局面,究其根本原因在于没有建立质量考核机制。为此,本课题确立学校是实施阳光体育工程质量评估的主体对象,提出科学构建学校阳光体育工程质量评估体系应遵循"以评促建、以评促改、评建结合、重在建设"的基本方针;应坚持科学性与系统性、通用性与兼容性、导向性与激励性、简明性与可操作性相结合的基本原则;应涵盖组织管理、条件保障、评价机制、学生体质四大基本考核指标体系和一个特色指标体系。

  20. Current State and Influencing Factors of Health Related Quality of Life of Patients with Chronic Disease in Jilin Province%吉林省城乡慢性病患者健康相关生命质量及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王平平; 李晶华; 孔璇; 张秀敏

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解吉林省城乡慢性病患者健康相关生命质量现状及影响因素,为有针对性提出慢性病防治策略提供依据。方法:数据来源于2013年第五次国家卫生服务调查吉林省家庭健康询问调查中的部分内容。采用EQ-5 D量表对35岁及以上慢性病患者的健康相关生命质量进行评价。结果:农村慢性病患者生命质量5个维度存在或伴有严重问题的比例明显高于城市患者,总评分及自我健康评分明显低于城市患者(P<0.05)。年龄、婚姻状况、收入水平、教育水平、疾病严重程度、是否参加体育锻炼、吸烟等均是影响慢性病患者生命质量的重要因素。结论:慢性病患者的生命质量低下已成为不容忽视的社会和医学问题。社会各部门应互相合作,从心理、生理及社会多个维度入手,建立起融预防、治疗、康复为一体的综合性、可及性的慢性病防治网络。%Objective: To study the current state and influencing factors of Health Related Quality of Life ( HRQOL) of patients with chronic illness and provide decision support for the policy-makers on preventing and controlling chronic diseases.Methods:The data was from the Fifth National Health Services Survey in 2013 in Jilin province.EQ-5D was used to evaluate HRQOL of 35 and over 35 years old patients with chronic illness.Results:The ratios of existing or having severe problems on five dimensions in rural chronic disease patients were much higher than urban patients.Age, income level, education, marriage state, disease severity, physical exercise and smoking were important factors affecting the quali-ty of life in patients with chronic diseases.Conclusion: Decline in quality of life of patients with chronic illness has become a severe social and medical problem which should not be ignored.Social departments should work together to establish a comprehensive and accessible health service network, from

  1. Distribution and development strategy for Jatropha curcas L. in Yunnan Province, Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Kun; Yang Wen-yun; Li Li; Zhang Chun-hua; Cui Yong-zhong; Sun Yong-yu

    2007-01-01

    Yunnan Province is the main distributing area of Jatropha curcas L. This plant is abundant in several drainage areas of the dry-hot, dry-warm and sub-humid valleys in the south subtropical area of Yunnan Province. The seeds that were picked from trees blossoming between April and May and fructifying between September and October will have large seed yield and fine quality. For developing bio-diesel stock forest of J. curcas in areas with adaptive climate, seeding measures for afforestation should be taken and techniques on breeding, fast-growing, and high-yielding plantation cultivation are very important.

  2. Current Situation of Farmers’ Specialized Cooperatives in Hainan Province and Development Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanzhen; ZHANG; Huide; HUANG

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the distribution, membership structure and industrial structure of farmers’ specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out some problems in farmers’ specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, such as small scale, low ability to resist risks, lack of standardization in operation, and generally low quality of cooperative members. Finally the following development strategies are put forth: promoting the large scale and standardized development of farmers’ specialized cooperatives; enhancing institutionalized education and training for members; encouraging university graduates to work in the cooperatives; providing conventional credit support to cooperatives; increasing fiscal efficiency to support cooperatives.

  3. Chronic patient care at North West Province clinics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire van Deventer

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chronic illnesses are a significant burden to the health services in South Africa. There is a specific national health plan whereby chronically ill patients who are acceptably controlled should be managed at clinic level. The perception has emerged that the management of primary care has not been optimal in the Southern District of the North West Province. This provided the motivation to initiate this research, namely consideration of chronic patient care at clinics in the North West Province of South Africa.Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at four randomly selected clinics covering four sub-districts in the Southern District (North West Province. This was done using charts and registers at the clinics. Inclusion criteria were patients older than 18, and presenting with the following chronic illnesses: asthma/chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD, hypertension, diabetes and epilepsy. The major focus areas were the regular assessment of the patients, the level of control of the illness and the use of the Essential Drugs List and Standard Treatment Guidelines (EDL/STG.Results: In the cases of all the chronic illnesses it was found that regular assessments were poorly done, with asthma (peak flow measurements being the most poorly done. Control was generally less than 50% for all the illnesses, although the EDL was followed fairly well by the personnel at the clinics.Conclusion: In the light of the burden of chronic illness the results give cause for great concern about the quality of care for chronically ill patients, and reasons were sought for some of the poor results. A subsequent decision was taken to carry out comprehensive quality improvement projects on each of the illnesses over the following five years.

  4. Potential uranium provinces in some arabian countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work represents an attempt to delineate potential uranium provinces in some Arabian countries using various related recognition criteria. Definition of these provinces is based on the available geologic and tectonic setting beside geochronological sequence and some geochemical characteristics. This trial would be of a great help for interchanging the ideas and necessary data for the development in the fields of uranium exploration and production. As a result of this study, a number of promising potential uranium provinces are recommended in some arabian countries. 5 figs

  5. 氮肥施用措施对湖北中稻产量、品质和氮肥利用率的影响%Effects of Fertilization Measures of Nitrogen(N)on Grain Yield,Grain Quality and N-Use Efficiency of Midseason Rice in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩宝吉; 曾祥明; 卓光毅; 徐芳森; 姚忠清; 肖习明; 石磊

    2011-01-01

    [目的]以湖北省大面积推广的4个中稻品种(路优8号、国豪杂优1号、丰优22和巨风优72)为试验材料,研究氮肥不同施用对湖北省中稻产量、品质和氮肥利用率的影响.[方法]田间试验设计了5个处理,,分别为不施氮处理(CK)、农民习惯施肥法(FFP)、FFP优化、增氮处理(SHY)和SHY优化,4次重复于2008和2009年分别在湖北赤壁和荆门进行.[结果]湖北赤壁CK处理两年试验的水稻产量均低于湖北荆门,表明荆门的基础地力好于赤壁.两年试验中,与农民习惯施肥法(FFP)相比,赤壁FFP优化、增氮处理(SHY)和SHY优化3个处理都有增产作用,其中2008年增产率分别为10.0%、2.3%和23.2%,2009年增产率分别为16.6%、11.8%和22.6%;荆门FFP优化、SHY、SHY优化3个处理,在2008年略有减产,在2009年增产作用也不显著,仅为2.0%、6.7%和1.7%.与农民习惯施肥法(FFP)相比,赤壁FFP优化和SHY优化,氮肥农学利用率和偏生产力都有显著提高;荆门FFP优化和SHY优化氮肥偏生产力显著提高,而氮肥农学利用率仅略有提高;两年两地SHY处理的氮素利用率各个指标的值均较小.[结论]两个优化处理(FFP优化和SHY优化)的产量和氮肥利用率都达到较高水平,即在当前农民习惯施肥条件下,将氮肥减少20%左右,不仅不会减产反而还会增产增效;在高氮的投入下,高产田水稻增产不明显甚至减产.此外,氮肥优化施用还可以改善稻米的营养品质.%[Objective] Four popular midseason varieties of rice (Luoyou8, Guohaozayoul, Fengyou22 and Jufengyou72)were used to study the effects of application technology of nitrogen (N) on grain yield, grain quality and N-use efficiency in Hubei province. [ Method] Field trials with five N treatments (CK, FFP, modified FFP, SHY and modified SHY) and four replications were conducted synchronously at both Chibi County and Jingmen County, Hubei province in 2008 and 2009, respectively. [Result] The

  6. 高职院校服务质量实证研究——以我国27个省、市、自治区高职院校应届毕业生抽样调查为例%An Empirical Research on Service Quality of Higher Vocational Education -- A Sample Survey of Graduates of Vocational Colleges in 27 Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳河; 李剑; 袁东敏; 卢谢峰; 邓少鸿; 田芸

    2012-01-01

    According to the customer satisfaction theory and stakeholder theory, with the "scale for student evaluation of service quality of higher vocational education", we have held an online sample survey of graduates of 28 vocational colleges in 27 provinces of China. The findings indicate that students' overall satisfaction scored 74, which is relatively lower than the expected 81.4. The gap value between satisfaction and expectation is 7.36. "Concern for students", "enrollment and enrollment management", "tuition and other fees", and "campus safety" are rated higher than other aspects; "school environment", "practice teaching" and "employment service" rated comparatively lower. We have also found out that the findings are rarely related to the results of teaching and learning evaluating held by the education department of China, nor with the fact of whether the school is exemplary school or not. The findings are also different from the evaluation results of teachers and school administrators. It is concluded that strengthening guidance for student learning and practice, strengthening college-enterprise cooperation, improving the proportion of elective courses on campus, and creating a more comfortable living environment are the matters of priority to improve the service quality of higher vocational education.%根据用户满意度理论和利益相关者理论,编制“学生评价高等职业教育服务质量评量表”,并对我国27个省、市、自治区28所高职院校应届毕业生进行在线抽样调查。结果显示,学生的总体满意度较低,为74分,期望值为81.4分,满意度与期望值的差距值为7.36分;学生对“关心学生”、“入学与学籍管理”、“收费”、“校园安全”评价较高;对“学校生活环境”、“实践教学”与“就业服务”评价较低。研究发现,学生评价结果与人才培养水平评估结果、与学校是否是示范性

  7. Geologic Provinces of the Arctic, 2000 (prvarcst)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe Arctic portion of the U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the World in 2000.

  8. Odonata collected in Hainan and Guangdong Provinces, China in 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Garrison, Rosser W.; Cordero-Rivera, Adolfo; Zhang, Haomiao

    2015-01-01

    A three week trip to Hainan and Guangdong provinces was conducted between 26 May and 11 June 2014, sampling odonates within the vicinity of Diaoluoshan National Nature Reserve, Shuimanxing Village (both Hainan Province) and Nankunshan Nature Reserve (Guangdong Province). Additionally, Cordero and Zhang collected at Shuimanxing Village between 13 and 23 June. A total of 103 species in 78 genera were found for Hainan Province and 51 species in 42 genera in Guangdong Province. Lists of all spec...

  9. Nature and Environment of the Hainan Province of China

    OpenAIRE

    MO,TINGHUI

    2009-01-01

    Hainan island enjoys a long history, but Hainan province is the youngest province of the People's Republic of China. The province has the smallest land area but the biggest ocean area of any province in China. As the largest island of Hainan province, Hainan island, like a pearl, is mounted in the vast blue water of South China Sea. With tropical resort resources, Hainan island has radiant sunshine, soft sandy beaches, blowing sea breeze, the relaxing and healthy spa, wonderful folkways of mi...

  10. Economic Periodicity Analysis of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhaode; Yao Lili; Sun Jinfang; Yu Wei

    2008-01-01

    The paper analyses the periodical characteristics of the economic development of Shandong Province by using the mini-mum variation analysis model. The analysis shows that the eco-nomic development process of Shandong Province has short, medium and long cycles respectively for 6, 12, 19 years, and the fluctuation of the economic development becomes gentler with time passing by. The fluctuation of macro-control policy, invest-ment and consumption are the main reasons of the economic fluc-tuation.

  11. Chinese Foundry Industry Tour-Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Shanxi Province is one of the important birthplaces of the Chinese nation and has the famous names of the "Cradle of ancient Chinese civilization" and the "Hometown of the foundry industry". To report on the foundry industry development of Shanxi province, journalists of Foundry Journal Agency came to Shanxi from 14-22 of August 2009. We visited cities of Taiyuan, Wutai, Xiangfen,Linfen and Hukou, and interviewed the local foundry people.

  12. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAN Bin; DONG Yuan-Rong; HOU Wei-Guo; TONG Li-Hua; YUAN Sheng

    2007-01-01

    A survey was conducted for about 3 years to study the abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) in Jiangsu Province, China. The identification of the fungal species was based on the microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of their fruiting bodies. About 126 species of EMF were found in Jiangsu Province. These fungi were largely categorized into three orders (of 121 species), four families (of 96 species), and six genera (of about 86 species).

  13. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Huide; ZHANG, Wanzhen; Liu, Enping; Zhang, Xizhu

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution, member scale, production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification, this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations, such as joint production of banana cooperatives, ...

  14. Tectonic provinces of the Atlantic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pushcharovsky, Yu. M.

    2009-05-01

    The tectonic structure of the floor of the Atlantic Ocean beyond the continental margins is insufficiently studied. This is also true of its tectonic demarcation. The segmentation of the floor into regional-scale tectonic provinces of several orders proposed in this paper is primarily based on structural and historical geological features. It is shown that deep oceanic basins and fault tectonics are of particular importance in this respect. Tectonic provinces of two orders are distinguished by a set of attributes. The first-order provinces are the North, Central, South, and Antarctic domains of the Atlantic Ocean. They are separated by wide demarcation fracture zones into Transatlantic (transverse) second-order tectonic provinces. Ten such provinces are recognized (from the north southward): Greenland-Lofoten, Greenland-Scandinavia, Greenland-Ireland, Newfoundland-European, North American-African, Antilles-African, Angola-Brazil, Cape-Argentine, North Antarctic, and South Antarctic. This subdivision demonstrates significant differentiation in the geodynamic state of the oceanic lithosphere that determines nonuniform ocean formation and the tectonic features of the ocean floor. The latitudinal orientation of the second-order provinces inherits the past tectonic pattern, though newly formed structural units cannot be ruled out. The Earth rotation exerts a crucial effect on the crust and the mantle.

  15. Intestinal acariasis in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang

    2000-01-01

    The mites found in stored food and house comprise a large group of subclass Acari, belonging to the suborder Acardida of the order Acarifornes. They can be found in dust and vacuum samples from floors, furniture, mattresses, Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, and bedding. These mites are nidicolous and feed on organic debris, including sloughed human skin, fungi, spilled food, pollen, etc. These mites are particularly prevalent in Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, beds, though carpeted floors near beds or couches may also have large numbers. The most common species are Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae , Dermatophagoides farinae , D . pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, G. Ornatus, Carpoglyphus lactis and Tarsonemus granarius, etc. The viability of mites in storage is quite strong and they can invade and parasitize the intestines of humans[1 -15]. They can cause pulmonary acariasis[16-25] , urinary acariasis[26-33] and so on. The dejecta of mites is a quite strong allergen and can cause different allergic diseases[34-44]. Intestinal acariasis can be caused by some mites related to the way of diet intake and invading against intestinal mucosa, intestinal muscle[45-5a]. The first report of intestinal acariasis caused by these mites was made by Hinman et al (1934)[45]. From then on, all kinds of studies on the disease have been reported gradually. In order to make an epidemiological survey of intestinal acariasis the investigation of the disease was taken in some areas of Anhui Province from 1989 to 1996.

  16. Sustainable development of coal cities in Heilongjiang province based on AHP method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yupu; Sun Yongbo; Qin Jiangbo

    2012-01-01

    The sustainable development of coal mining cities in Heilongjiang province has important effect on the economic stability and development of Heilongjiang,Northeast China.and China at large.To further the sustainable development evaluation system of coal mining cities in Heilongjiang province,based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method combined with operational and scientific principles using Saaty's 1-9 scale method to construct the judgment matrix from five aspects,such as economic development and environmental quality,this paper establishes the comprehensive evaluation index system of sustainable development of coal mining cities in Heilongjiang province,including comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits and the contribution rate of science and technology.In addition,using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method,a comprehensive evaluation is made on the indices of the four major coal mining cities of Heilongjiang.The result shows that the coal mining cities are not better than Datong of Shanxi province in many indices.The economic development and environment quality are the most important indices of the targeted layer influencing the sustainable development of coal mining cities of Heilongjiang,and their index weights are 0.4358 and 0.2844,respectively.These two indices including comprehensive index of industrial economic benefit and the ratio of environmental protection investment to GDP are the key elements influencing the two aspects.

  17. Hydrology of area 18, Eastern Coal Province, Tennessee

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, V.J.

    1981-01-01

    The Eastern Coal Province is divided into 24 hydrologic reporting areas. This report describes the hydrology of area 18 which is located in the Cumberland River basin in central Tennessee near the southern end of the Province. Hydrologic information and sources are presented as text, tables, maps, and other illustrations designed to be useful to mine owners, operators, and consulting engineers in implementing permit applications that comply with the environmental requirements of the ' Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. ' Area 18 encompasses parts of three physiographic regions; from east to west the Cumberland Plateau, Highland Rim, and Central Basin. The Plateau is underlain by sandstones and shales, with thin interbedded coal beds, of Pennsylvanian age. The Highland Rim and Central Basin are underlain by limestone and dolomite of Mississippian age. Field and laboratory analyses of chemical and physical water-quality parameters of streamflow samples show no widespread water quality problems. Some streams, however, in the heavily mined areas have concentrations of sulfate, iron, manganese, and sediment above natural levels, and pH values below natural levels. Mine seepage and direct mine drainage were not sampled. Ground water occurs in and moves through fractures in the sandstones and shales and solution openings in the limestones and dolomites. Depth to water is variable, ranging from about 5 to 70 feet below land-surface in the limestones and dolomites, and 15 to 40 feet in the coal-bearing rocks. The quality of ground water is generally good. Locally, in coal-bearing rocks, acidic water and high concentrations of manganese, chloride, and iron have been detected. (USGS)

  18. 陕西省汉中地区农村居民膳食质量及其影响因素研究%Study on the diet quality and its relative effect factors among rural residents, using the Chinese Diet Balance Index (CDBI) in Hanzhong, Shaanxi province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘如如; 党少农; 王维华; 范小静; 颜虹; 赵亚玲

    2013-01-01

    目的 采用中国膳食平衡指数(DBI)评价陕西省汉中地区农村居民膳食质量状况及其影响因素.方法 2010年对汉中地区18 ~ 80岁农村居民膳食采用半定量食物频率问卷进行横断面调查,采用DBI相关指标评价其膳食质量,应用多因素线性回归方法分析影响摄入不足和摄入过量可能的影响因素.结果 调查的2748人中谷薯类、豆类、腌菜、植物油和食盐每标准人日平均摄人量均高于全国农村居民平均水平(P<0.01),其中80%以上村民的谷薯类、食用油和盐摄入量平均水平超过推荐量;动物性食物、蛋奶类和蔬菜水果则低于全国平均水平(P<0.01),存在明显摄入不足.人群平均负端分(DBI LBS)和正端分(DBI HBS)分别为22.8和9.8,中度摄入不足(20<DBI LBS≤40)和摄入过量(10<DBI HBS≤20)的比例分别为62.6%和48.0%.影响摄入不足的主要因素有文化程度、财富指数、高血压史、体育锻炼和看电视时间;影响摄入过量的主要因素有性别、年龄、家庭人口数、劳动强度、睡眠时间、吸烟和饮酒情况.结论 汉中地区农村居民膳食结构不均衡,并以摄入不足为主,同时存在部分食物摄入过量;有必要在不同人群中开展有针对性的干预措施,改善当地居民营养状况.%Objective To evaluate the diet quality and the relative factors among rural residents in Hanzhong,Shaanxi province.Methods A cross-sectional survey on dietary status together with a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire were conducted on rural residents aged from 18 to 80 in Hanzhong of Shaanxi in 2010.Diet quality was evaluated by using the Chinese Diet Balance Index (CDBI) scoring and evaluating system.Linear regression models were developed to identify factors that influencing the status of under/over intake.Results 2748 rural residents were investigated with the average daily intake of grains,beans,heavily salted vegetables,plant oil

  19. Integrating Comprehensive Reform with Quality of Care

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Xianyang City is located in the center of northwest China's Shaanxi Province. In 2001, it was designated as one of the pilot cities for comprehensive reform of family planning work initiated by the National Population and Family Planning Commission. This has provided a good opportunity for the city to better implement the quality of care approach.

  20. Leisure and tourism behaviour in rural areas in the North West Province / Victor S. Mogajane

    OpenAIRE

    Mogajane, Victor Solomon

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine ways in which the accessibility of leisure and tourism behaviour patterns can be improved to ultimately improve the quality of life of people in rural communities in the North West Province. In order to achieve this it was necessary to indicate the holistic perspective of the tourism industry, with special reference to rural tourism and also the holistic perspective on leisure provision in South Africa. This study is important to addre...

  1. An analysis of relationship between food safety and pesticides usages of grape growers in Manisa province

    OpenAIRE

    Karabat Selçuk; Atis Ela

    2015-01-01

    This study was carried out in Manisa which has the largest vineyard areas and grape production of Turkey. In this research, awareness of environment and pesticide using attitudes of growers and effects on food safety of pesticides were investigated. Main data of the study was collected by survey from 117 grape growers which are settled in Manisa province where sultana production is very widespread. Applying Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), for reaching quality raisin and table grape target, ...

  2. Adoption of Good Agricultural Practices by Durian Farmers in Koh Samui District, Surat Thani Province, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    MANKEB, Panya; LIMUNGGURA, Tippawan; IN-GO, Anuson; CHULILUNG, Praporn

    2014-01-01

    Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.) is famous as the “king of fruits” and Thailand’s economicallyimportant fruit for export. As consumer demand for high quality and safe food products increased, GoodAgricultural Practices (GAP) were adopted by durian farmers in Koh Sumui district, Surat Thani province,Thailand to produce safe and wholesome fruits. The purposes of this research were to study the adoption ofGAP and to determine factors affecting GAP adoption of durian farmers. Structure interview w...

  3. Evaluation and Optimization Approaches of Rural Financial Ecological Environment in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaofang; ZOU

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture is the foundation of national economy,and the quality of rural financial ecological environment determines the level of rural economic development. At the same time of making outstanding achievements in rural financial reform,there are still many problems in rural financial ecological environment. Taking Hubei Province as an example,this paper summarized existing problems from current situations of rural financial ecological environment,and finally came up with pertinent recommendations.

  4. Research on Factors Influencing Fertilizer Application of Farmer Households in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Zhiwei

    2014-01-01

    Known as the “food of grain†, chemical fertilizer plays a very important role in increasing the output of agricultural products. In the meantime, its negative externalities such as soil and water environment pollutions as well as the quality and safety hazards caused to agricultural products have been revealed gradually. Taking 126 farmer households in 5 counties (districts) of Anhui Province as samples, the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households are analyzed. Research show...

  5. Pervalence of intestinal parasites in Ordu province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ülkü Karaman

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The epidemiology of intestinal parasites vary according to country’s geographic location, sociocultural structure and diet. An epidemiological study of intestinal parasites has not been observed in Ordu Province and around. The aim of this study was determining the intestinal parasites data of Ordu Provincial Health Directorate retrosrectively. Methods: Between January 2006 and December 2013 the data of the provinceal Health Directorate of Ordu were retrospectively evaluated. Results: 7194 positivity has been reported in the study. Quantitative distribution of the parasites were as follows; 3415 Enterobius vermicularis, 2802 Ascaris lumbricoides, 1182 Entamoeba histolytica, 705 Giardia intestinalis, 682 Taenia spp, 245 Hookworm infection, 22 Trichuris trichiura, 17 Fasciola hepatica and 12 Strongiloides stercoralis. Conclusion: As a result intestinal parasites in Ordu Province is a major public health problem.

  6. Overexploitation of Abalone at Libong Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanyut Sudtongkong

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abalone is generally known as a fishery resource of high economic value. The wild abalone from Libong Island iswidely known for its potential as a cocktail-size and high-quality broodstock for hatcheries. The high market price andexternal demand have encouraged local fisherman to catch the wild abalone without proper management, resulting in a nearextinction crisis in the abalone population in this area. The present evaluation of abalone management at Libong Island,Trang Province, Thailand, was conducted using local user perceptions. Sixteen performance indicators included effectiveness indicators, equity indicators, and sustainable indicators. These were measured to determine whether the abalonemanagement activities had achieved the set objectives in terms of better conditions for abalone cultivation and sustainability.The results revealed that the abalone population has undergone degrading and decline due to lack of proper managementmeasures in this area. The findings suggest that practical management is needed for the abalone population at Libong Island.

  7. La materia orgánica particulada: comparación de métodos para su determinación y su valor como indicador de calidad de suelos del Chubut Particulate organic-matter: a comparison of methods for its determination and its role as an indicator of soil quality for some soils in the province of Chubut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Sonia Videla

    2008-12-01

    in the province of Chubut under different management schemes or affected by different disturbance regimes: Media Luna exclosure (ML C, Media Luna-grazing (ML P, Puerto Madryn bioturbed (PM B, Puerto Madryn nonbioturbed (PM NB, Punta Ninfas uneroded (PN NE and Punta Ninfas eroded (PN E. We collected soil samples from the 0 to 5 cm (PM and PN or 0 to 10 cm (ML depths to determine total soil organic-matter (MOT and MOP using wet combustion MOPh (Walkley and Black method and weight loss-on-ignition in a high temperature oven set at 430° C (MOPi. In the Mollisols and the Aridisols from Puerto Madryn, MOPi was higher than MOPh; in the Aridisols from Punta Ninfas, however, the differences between MOPi and MOPh were not significant. In soils with high calcium carbonate (PM B and PM NB or allophane (ML C and ML P contents, the loss-on-ignition method overestimated MOP contents. The MOT contents were highly correlated to both MOPh and MOPi for all soils (r²= 0.89 and r² = 0.73, respectively. Both MOT and MOP were sensitive to land management and soil erosion. The soil that displayed the greatest MOP/ MOT ratio was the PN NE. On the contrary, the PN E site showed the lowest values for this ratio, which would indicate that the low MOT content of this soil is predominantly associated to the < 0.053 mm fraction, and that the erosion process decreased the MOP reserves more than the MOT. For the Puerto Madryn soils, the MOPi / MOT ratio was greater than 1. This seems to be mainly due to the overestimation of the loss-on-ignition method in soils with abundant carbonates. Both MOT and MOP, determined by the two methods, can be used to detect differences in management or the state of soil degradation. However, MOP seemed to be more affected by soil erosion and sheep grazing compared to MOT. These results would allow us to consider MOP as a good indicator of changes in soil quality by either soil erosion or sheep grazing.

  8. Analyzing Teaching Quality in Botswana and South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapire, Ingrid; Sorto, M. Alejandra

    2012-01-01

    This study focuses on quantifying the quality of mathematics teaching in 183 randomly selected sixth grade classrooms: 100 from the North West province of South Africa and 83 from South East Botswana. The teaching quality is measured by coding videotaped lessons for three different components: mathematical proficiency, level of cognitive demand,…

  9. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huide; HUANG; Wanzhen; ZHANG; Enping; LIU; Xizhu; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution,member scale,production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province,and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification,this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations,such as joint production of banana cooperatives,timely planting of banana,brand management,and improvement of production and operation technical level.

  10. POLISH-RUSSIAN COOPERATION OF POMORSKIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina GOMULKA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Polish-Russian Cooperation of Pomorskie Province commenced in 1999 and was based on the intergovernmental agreements. The new agreement, executed between the authorities of the Pomeranian Province and Kaliningrad Oblast in 2002, provided for cooperation in many areas. The contacts between the partners were dominated by economic cooperation. The Polish–Russian cooperation stopped with Polish accession to the Schengen zone. Cooperation resumed when in 2011 and agreement on small cross-border traffic was signed and then ratified in 2012. 

  11. Geologic Provinces of the Caribbean Region, 2004 (prv6bg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset includes a modified subset of polygon features that describe U.S. Geological Survey's defined geologic provinces of the World. Each province has a set...

  12. Pakistan's Primary Education Quality Improvement Program: Local Partners Work with Rural Communities to Support High Quality Education for Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afridi, Zahid A.

    2006-01-01

    This document describes the contributions made by the Primary Education Quality Improvement Program (1996-1999) to the broad goals of improved access, equity, and quality in girls' primary education in Pakistan. In Balochistan, the largest but least developed province of Pakistan, an innovative approach to educational development was successfully…

  13. Quality of life and its related factors among HIV/AIDS patients from HIV serodiscordant couples in ;Zhoukou of Henan province%河南省周口市HIV单阳家庭HIV感染者和艾滋病患者生存质量及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽萍; 陈琬莹; 吕繁; 徐鹏; 孙定勇; 李宁; 杨文杰; 张林; 白玉杰; 琚腊红; 何慧靖

    2016-01-01

    贫困低保户以及最近2周是否患其他疾病是其生存质量的相关因素。%Objective To investigate the quality of life and its related factors among HIV/AIDS patients from HIV serodiscordant couples in Zhoukou city of Henan province.Methods During January to May in 2015, by the convenience sample, World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire for Brief Version (WHOQOL⁃BREF) (Chinese version) and a self⁃edited questionnaire were used to investigate 1 251 HIV/AIDS patients who were confirmed with HIV positive by local CDC, registered in“HIV serodiscordant family”and agreed to participate in a face⁃to⁃face interview with above 18 year⁃old based on the local CDC , township hospitals and village clinics of 9 counties and 1 district of Zhoukou city, excluding the HIV/AIDS patients who were in divorce, death by one side, unknowing about his HIV status, with mental illness and disturbance of consciousness, incorrectly understanding the content of the questionnaire, and reluctant to participate in this study. The scores of quality of life of physical, psychological, social relations, and environmental domain were calculated. The related factors of the scores of different domains were analyzed by Multiple Two Classification Unconditioned Logistic Regression. Results The scores of investigation objects in the physical, psychological, social relations, and environmental domain were 12.00± 2.02, 12.07 ± 2.07, 11.87 ± 1.99, and 11.09 ± 1.84, respectively. The multiple Unconditioned Logistic Regression analysis indicated that age <40 years, on ART and no other sickness in last two weeks were beneficial factors associated with physical domain with OR (95%CI): 0.61 (0.35-1.06), 0.52 (0.30-0.90), and 1.66 (1.09-2.52), respectively. The possibility of no poverty and no other sickness in last two weeks increased to 0.15(0.09-0.26) and 1.57(1.06-2.33) times of those who was in poverty and with other sickness in last two weeks in physical domain. The possibility of

  14. Studies on Effective Ways to Improve the Quality of Farmers in Northwest Poverty-stricken Areas:Taking Water-saving Technologies Farmer Field Schools in Wuwei City, Gansu Province as an Example%提高西北贫困地区农民科技素质的有效途径初探--以甘肃省武威市节水技术农民田间学校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭超男; 刘林; 李凡; 梁植睿; 吴迪; 董平国; 韩万海

    2013-01-01

    In order to solve the problems of the low technical quality of farmers and thus restricting the sustainable economic and social development of the poverty-stricken areas of northwest China, the article, based upon intensive policy and documentary analysis, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, survey and other methods, with emphasis on analysis of the practice of four farmers' field schools (FFSs) of Wuwei City, Gansu. By summing up the successful experience of four FFSs in Wuwei City, Gansu Province, the article points out that FFSs’unique operating mode, including the effective conversion of peasants roles, enhancing the learning atmosphere of the community, the improvement of the organization of farmers, has enhanced the difficulties faced by improving technical quality of farmers in poverty-stricken areas of northwest China. FFS is an effective extension and supplement Peasant education promotion system. In the end, the article pointed out that the sustainable developmental management and operation FFS mode is an effective way to improve quality of the farmers in poverty-stricken areas.%  为了解决西北贫困地区农民科技素质较低进而制约西北地区经济社会可持续发展的问题,采用文献研究、实地踏查、深入访谈、调查问卷等方法,重点对甘肃武威4所农民田间学校的实践进行了深入的分析。通过总结甘肃武威市4所农民田间学校的成功经验,认为农民田间学校通过其特有的运行模式实现了农民角色的有效转换、社区整体学习气氛的增强、农民组织化程度的提高,有效的解决了西北贫困地区提升农民科技素质面临的困难,是现阶段农民教育推广体系的一种有效延伸和补充。最后提出,可持续发展的农民田间学校管理运行模式是确保提升贫困地区农民科技素质的有效途径。

  15. Multiple Effects of Energy Issues and Countermeasures: A Case of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Chengxin; Wang Gefang; Yao Shimou

    2008-01-01

    Energy is now becoming the bottleneck of urban and regional development. The paper takes Shandong Province, one of the most energy consuming provinces in China, as an example, uses quantity methods such as SPSS (Stastics Package for Social Science) cluster sampling and regression analysis, and applies quantity analysis, to analyze the situation of energy is-sues in Shandong province. The conflicts between the quick industrialization and increasing extensive economic development, between urban population and energy consuming per head, between the infinite energy consuming desire and the low level of managing system, and between the unstable world energy supply and the limited energy storage in China are the main factors of energy crisis in Shandong, which not only results in energy shortage, but also becomes the barrier of economic and social development. In order to ensure sufficient energy supply for Shandong province in the 21st century, we should take countermeasures, such as changing the economic development model, pursuing a multiple and high quality energy strategy, improving the intensive urbanization strategy, and building a scientific energy system.

  16. Sedimentary rocks Uranium in Cerro Largo Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the aim of the uranium minerals exploration has been carried out several studies by UTE technicians in Cerro Largo Province from 1968 to 1969. In uranium concentration has been found pyrite, phosphate, iron oxides and manganese in uranium. Furthermore in La Divisa Ore were studied concentration Uranium enrichment has been studied in La Divisa ore

  17. Livestock rabies outbreaks in Shanxi province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Ye; Shi, Yanyan; Yu, Mingyang; Xu, Weidi; Gong, Wenjie; Tu, Zhongzhong; Ding, Laixi; He, Biao; Guo, Huancheng; Tu, Changchun

    2016-10-01

    Dogs play an important role in rabies transmission throughout the world. In addition to the severe human rabies situation in China, spillover of rabies virus from dogs in recent years has caused rabies outbreaks in sheep, cattle and pigs, showing that there is an increasing threat to other domestic animals. Two livestock rabies outbreaks were caused by dogs in Shanxi province, China from April to October in 2015, resulting in the deaths of 60 sheep, 10 cattle and one donkey. Brain samples from one infected bovine and the donkey were determined to be rabies virus (RABV) positive by fluorescent antibody test (FAT) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The complete RABV N genes of the two field strains, together with those of two previously confirmed Shanxi dog strains, were amplified, sequenced and compared phylogenetically with published sequences of the N gene of RABV strains from Shanxi and surrounding provinces. All of the strains from Shanxi province grouped closely, sharing 99.6 %-100 % sequence identity, indicating the wide distribution and transmission of dog-mediated rabies in these areas. This is the first description of donkey rabies symptoms with phylogenetic analysis of RABVs in Shanxi province and surrounding regions. The result emphasizes the need for mandatory dog rabies vaccination and improved public education to eradicate dog rabies transmission. PMID:27422397

  18. Human rabies in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangping Ren

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: The majority of rabies cases occurred among 40–65-year-old male residents of northern, mid-west, and southeast Zhejiang Province. Further health education is needed to increase the coverage of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP in people exposed to possible rabid animals and rabies vaccine use in household animals.

  19. Investigation on Atmospheric Corrosiveness in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    According to the results of four-year exposure tests for carbon steel samples in Hainan province, the influences of meteorological factors and Cl- on atmospheric corrosion were investigated. The feature of atmospheric corrosion in this area was summarized. A corrosive map for the area was drawn. The corrosion products on carbon steel at some typical places were analyzed by XRD and XPS.

  20. On the Current Situation and the Enhancement of the Ecological Civilization Quality of Vocational College Students --A Case Study of the Survey on Four Higher Vocational Colleges in Fujian Province%高职学生生态文明素质现状及其提升研究——基于福建省四所高职院校的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑国诜; 李联益; 傅霞玲; 郑姝敏

    2012-01-01

    In order to have an intuitive understanding of the current quality status of ecological civilization of vocational college students, questionnaires are done in four vocational colleges in Fujian Province, which include 8 questions concerning the following three aspects:cogni- tion, emotion and attitude, behavior. Meanwhile, quality of ecological civilization of students from different vocational colleges are compared from five aspects including gender, registered residence, university location, spending levels, family background. The survey turns out the similarities and differences of the vocational college students' ecological civilization quality. The problems existing in the ecological civilization education in vocational corteges are: schools and teachers pay insufficient attention to ecological civilization education;students are not active enough to im- prove the quality of ecological civilization.Measures to enhance the quality of ecological civilization of vocational college students are as follows: building organizational system and education mechanism to enhance the quality of ecological civilization of vocational college students; ereating a campus culture of ecological civilization to help vocational college students get exposed to ecological civilization; participating in the social practice of ecological civilization to develop good behavior.%为了对高职学生生态文明素质现状有一个比较直观的认识,从生态文明认知、情感与态度、行为三方面。对福建省四所高职院校在校生各选择8个问题进行问卷调查,并从性别、户籍地、高校地理位置、花费水平、家境五个方面对高职学生生态文明素质进行比较分析,发现高职学生生态文明素质存在共性与差异。高职院校生态文明教育存在的问题为:学校与教师对生态文明教育重视不够,学生对提高生态文明素质的行动并不积极。提升高职学生生态文明素质的

  1. Flora of soil fungi in Khuzestan province\\\\\\'s oil regions

    OpenAIRE

    vida dawoodi; Mahbobeh madani; Arezoo Tahmourespour

    2014-01-01

      Introduction: Many Species of fungi with ability to metabolize of petroleum hydrocarbons are known so far. These fungi are resistant in oil contaminated sites.This investigation aims at studying fungal population diversity in oil contaminated soils of Khuzestan province and identifying fungal flora in these regions .   Materials and methods: Crude oil contaminated soil samples were collected from different regions of Khuzestan province. For isolation and enumeration of total heterotrophic f...

  2. Soil Quality Evaluation and Technology Research on Improving Land Capability---A Case Study on Huanghuaihai Plain in Shandong Province%土壤质量评价与地力提升技术研究--以山东黄淮海平原为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王存龙; 祝德成; 蒋文惠; 赵西强; 王红晋; 喻超; 伊飞

    2014-01-01

    Based on the geochemical data obtained from the national project about the prevention and control of soil contamination, this paper explored the properties of soil chemical elements in Huanghuaihai Plain, Shandong Province. The results showed that among the grade-one nutritive elements in soil, organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus were relatively deficient while potassium was rich. Meanwhile, as the grade-two nutritive elements, calcium oxide and magnesium oxide were relatively short and sulfur’s content was abundant. About the other beneficial and trace nutri-tive elements, iron oxide, manganese, molybdenum and boron were deficient, but the content of chlorine was high, hardly lack. The main barriers to improving land productivity were soil salinization and soil heavy metal contamination. The values of soil integrated fertility index that most of the soil in the study area is middle-lower fertilized. Specifical y, the low fertility area and lower fertility area are 6 1604 and 1 244 km2 respectively, occupying about 97.43% and 1.97% of the total area. The moderate fertility soil has an area of 172 km2, occupying about 0.27% of the total area. The higher fertility soil covers an area of 128 km2, while the high fertility area of only 76 km2. This article proposed scientific fertilization, elimination of soil obsta-cle, remediation of heavy-metal-contaminated soil and other effective measures to improve land productivity according to the basic investigation results, which provides a good technological support for the planning and development of good-quality and high-benefit agriculture.%以全国土地污染防治项目取得地球化学资料为依据,通过分析研究山东省黄淮海平原区土壤化学元素特征,结果表明:土壤中一级营养元素有机质、氮、磷相对缺乏,钾含量富足;二级营养元素氧化钙、氧化镁相对缺乏,硫含量富足;其他有益微量元素氧化铁、锰、钼和硼均相对缺乏,氯

  3. Health-related quality of life and its affecting factors in the elderly individuals: data from 9 provinces of China%我国9省市老年人健康相关生命质量及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆晓霞; 朱燕波; 王琦; 陈柯帆; 唐芳

    2009-01-01

    目的 测量和评价我国老年人的健康相关生命质量(HRQOL),分析影响我国老年人HRQOL的人口统计学和行为生活方式因素.方法 在江苏、安徽、甘肃、青海、福建、北京、吉林、江西、河南9省市进行横断面健康状况调查.HRQOL调查采用MOS SF-36问卷.老年人与一般人群的HRQOL比较应用成组设计的t检验,HRQOL影响因素分析采用多元线性逐步回归分析.结果 我国老年人的HRQOL 8个维度得分为生理机能(79±21),生理职能(68±40),躯体疼痛(72±23),一般健康状况(57±22),精力(69±20),社会功能(79±23),情感职能(72±40),精神健康(76±18).除精神健康维度以外的其他7个维度的得分均比四川常模低(均P<0.05),除一般健康状况、精力和精神健康三个维度外其他5个维度上的得分均低于杭州常模(均P<0.05).主要影响因素有:运动习惯、最终学历、慢性病史、年龄、民族、婚姻状况、体重指数、睡眠习惯和性别等.结论 我国老年人的HRQOL比一般人群低.低水平运动者、低学历者、有慢性病史者、高龄者、少数民族老年人、丧偶老年人是老年人卫生和社区服务的重点人群,在老年人健康教育中,应该提倡多运动和规律睡眠.%Objective To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL), demographic characteristics, and health behaviors of the Chinese elderly to find out high-risk population and behaviors. Methods Data was collected from a cross-sectional survey performed in Jiangsu, Anhui, Gansu,Qinghai, Fujian, Beijing, Jilin, Jiangxi, and Henan province. MOS SF-36 was used for HRQOL assessment, t test was used for HRQOL comparison between the elderly and the general population. Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the affecting factors. Results The HRQOL among the Chinese elderly were PF ( Physical Functioning) 79 ± 21, RP ( Role-Physical ) 68 ± 40, BP ( Bodily Pain) 72 ± 23, GH ( General

  4. The Agricultural Export Competitiveness and Independent Innovation in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guimin; WANG; Haixian; XIA

    2013-01-01

    Through the vertical and horizontal analysis of agricultural export data in Liaoning Province during the period 2006-2010,we can find that Liaoning Province has already a major exporter of agricultural products,but there is no significant increase in many indicators with great fluctuation or declining trend. Meanwhile,compared with other provinces,the competitive advantages of agricultural export in Liaoning Province are not obvious,lacking competitive potential. Analysis shows that it is a strenuous task for Liaoning Province to transform from a major exporter of agricultural products to strong export province; during the course,relying on independent innovation is the fundamental guarantee. Liaoning Province should rely on independent innovation,to create new agricultural varieties,lead the international standards of agricultural products,form the brand agriculture,and improve the agricultural industry chain.

  5. Analysis on Temporal and Spatial Changes and Driving Forces of Poverty-Stricken Areas in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi Xiaoli; Yuan Jinguo; Wang Wei

    2005-01-01

    This paper takes poverty-stricken county as the basic unit, and selects net income per peasant to study the poverty status in Hebei Province during 1986~2000.Temporal and spatial changes of povertystricken areas are analyzed. The result shows that poverty-stricken areas in Hebei Province distributed concentratedly and the areas decreased during 1986~2000, the net income per peasant was on the rise with an increasing speed in off-poverty counties being slightly higher than that in poverty-stricken counties, but the growth rate was extremely unstable,rising slowly in off-poverty counties while dropping in poverty-stricken counties. The main driving forces that influenced temporal and spatial changes were economic development of the whole province,ecological environment quality, infrastructure conditions and radiation of the key city. On this basis, some anti-poverty countermeasures suitable to local conditions are proposed.

  6. Application of Geothermal Energy to New Countryside Construction——A Case Study of Xiong County, Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Shu-fang

    2012-01-01

    Hujiatai Village, Xiong County, Hebei Province was nominated as the experimental unit of new countryside construction by Hebei Province in 2008. In order to make Hujiatai Village become a new countryside model with friendly ecological and environmental conditions, local energy resources should be considered. In this study, a mode of "geothermal energy extraction-heat exchange-space heating-reinjection" was adopted to supply heat to resident houses in Hujiatai Village cooperating with a geothermal development entity based on the abundant geothermal resources, thereby constructing a clean, economic and autarkic new countryside energy system, which avoids utilization of fossil-energy, reduces emission of greenhouse gases and generation of solid coal cinder, protecting air and land environment, improving life quality of the people and building a typical model for Hebei Province and even for the whole country.

  7. Trend in cataract surgical rate in iran provinces.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Hashemi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the trend of changes in Cataract Surgical Rate (CSR in the provinces of Iran during 2006 to 2010 and identify high risk areas.This report is part of the national Iranian CSR Study. The percentage change in CSR in 2010 compared to 2006 was conducted in each province, retrospectively. One hundred and ten centers were chosen from all provinces, to determine CSR in each, the weight of major (>3,000 annual surgeries and minor (3,000 annual surgeries or less centers was calculated based on the number of selected centers, and multiplied by the number of surgeries in each province.In eight provinces, CSR was decreased by 1-60%. One province (Booshehr showed no change. Eighteen provinces had 2-79% increase. No 2006 data was available in three provinces. North Khorasan had the most decrease while Kerman had the most increase in CSR. Six of these 8 provinces had CSR>3,000 despite a decrease in 2010, but North Khorasan had CSR<3,000 over the whole 5 year period. In 4 provinces, CSR had a gap from 3,000 despite an ascending trend, and in two, the gap was quite considerable.Although CSR has an improving trend in most provinces in Iran, it is decreasing in some provinces, and despite an already low CSR, the exacerbation continues. The growing population of over 50 year olds calls for prompt measures in such provinces. Even in improving provinces, some lag behind the minimum recommended by WHO, and the growth rate of the over 50 population reveals the necessity of immediate planning.

  8. Microbial characteristics of food preparations in Benevento province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vittoria Ricci

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the microbiological quality of pastry products and gastronomic preparations served in food service establishments in Benevento province, Southern Italy. A total of 125 samples were collected from food service establishments. Parameters investigated were: aerobic plate counts (APCs, total Coliform bacteria counts, beta-glucuronidase-positive Escherichia (E. coli counts, Enterobacteriaceae counts, coagulase-positive Staphylococci counts, isolation of Salmonella spp., Bacillus (B. cereus counts, and isolation of Listeria (L. monocytogenes. The microbiological quality was good, with absence of the pathogens L. monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. and extremely rare presence of E. coli. The fresh pastry and the uncooked gastronomy products were the most contaminated groups; also, cooked cold-served gastronomy products were susceptible to microbiological risk, as a result of the inadequate reheating and the interruption of the warm chain. On the contrary, dried pastry and cooked warm-served gastronomy products showed an excellent hygienic profile. In fact, the amount of compliant samples was 74.4%.

  9. Managing Quality

    CERN Document Server

    Kelemen, Mihaela L

    2002-01-01

    Managing Quality provides a comprehensive review and critical analysis of quality management discourses and techniques by drawing on a number of management disciplines such as operations management, HRM, organizational behaviour, strategy, marketing and organization theory. The book: - introduces readers to key concepts and issues in quality management - provides an overview of both managerial and critical perspectives on quality management - presents the 'wisdom' of quality management gurus - documents the way quality is pursued in manufacturing, service and public sector organizations - comp

  10. Comparative study of perceived service quality of outpatient patients and clinic doctors from a hospital in Shanghai and a center for disease control and prevention in Guangdong Province%上海某医院与广东某疾病预防控制中心门诊就诊者与门诊职工感知服务质量的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 李霞; 卢洪洲

    2014-01-01

    目的:比较医院与疾病预防控制中心两类医疗机构的就诊者与职工感知服务质量。方法运用ServQual量表对上海某医院、广东省某市疾病预防控制中心门诊就诊者进行随机抽样调查,对门诊职工进行整群抽样调查。采用SPSS 20.0进行频率、因素分析、信度分析、积差相关分析、独立样本t检验、单因素方差分析、复回归分析和Logistic回归分析。结果就诊者组因素分析KMO值为0.978,信度分析Cronbach'sα值为0.981;职工组因素分析KMO值为0.945,信度分析Cronbach'sα值为0.978。医务职工感知服务质量较就诊者组感受程度低。就诊者组小学及以下学历者较大学者在可靠性(F=3.468,P=0.010<0.05)方面感受差;职工组医技人员较行政后勤人员在响应性(F=3.564,P=0.020<0.05)方面感受差。在回归模型中,就诊者组与职工组的移情性、可靠性对感知服务质量有显著影响力。职工组中上海某医院与广东某市疾病预防控制中心门诊职工在高低感知服务质量的整体分类正确的百分比为77.1%。结论上海某医院门诊就诊者和职工感知服务质量的感受性高;应加强单位对职工、职工对就诊者的服务意识与能力。%Objective To compare the perceived service quality of patients and doctors from two types of medical insti-tutions that hospital and center for disease control and prevention. Methods ServQual scale was used for random sam-pling survey and cluster sampling survey in outpatient patients and clinic doctors from a hospital in Shanghai and a center for disease control and prevention in Guangdong Province. SPSS 20.0 was used for frequency, factor analysis, re-liability analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, independent sample t test, ANOVA, multiple regression analysis, Logis-tic regression analysis. Results KMO value was 0.978 and 0.945 respectively in outpatient patients group and clinic doctors group

  11. Comparison and Selection of Organization Modes in Edible Fungus Industry of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanxiang; GE; Jilian; HU; Zhijian; GUO

    2013-01-01

    China is the largest producer and exporter of edible fungus in the world,and Shandong is the largest producer of edible fungus in China.This study is intended to select suitable organization mode for edible fungus industry of Shandong Province.On the basis of types and characteristics of existing edible fungus production modes in China,it is concluded that Shandong Province should take following measures:(1)giving priority to development of integrated organization mode;(2)steadily promoting park and factory mode in economically developed regions;(3)developing circular agriculture in regions with solid foundation of agriculture and animal husbandry.Finally,it puts forward following recommendations:(1)speeding up construction of standardization and information platform for edible fungus industry;(2)improving quality of personnel engaged in edible fungus industry;(3)bringing into play driving effect of leading enterprises;(4)developing and introducing deep processing enterprises.

  12. MELIORATIVE DEVICES AND THEIR ROLE IN THE ECOENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION AREAS AGRICULTURAL PODLASKIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksander Kiryluk

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In the article presented the condition of melioration on the agricultural uses of the podlaskie province. Actually, agricultural meliorations step out on the surface approx. 360 thousand .ha in the province, what makes up 30% total surface of agricultural use. The most devices of water meliorations detailed step on grassland and on the arable soils of good classes. The weak condition of meliorative detailed devices results: they do not allow to regulate mo-istening in soils. Bad technical condition meliorative detailed devices results from the lack of the systematic their conservation and inappropriate exploitation, and also relinquishment of use of the soils of arable and grassland. Exploited practically and conserved meliorative ditches and buildings on the meliorated objects allow to the improvement of the quality of the natural environment on country areas.

  13. Protection of Geographical Indication Intellectual Property of Tea in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Zhi-guo; WANG Shu-ting; ZHANG Min; XIONG Wan-zhen

    2012-01-01

    As to tea resources in Guangdong Province at present,there are 4 kinds of national geographical indication products,2 national geographical indication trademarks,and 1 kind of national geographical indication of agricultural products.We conduct a analysis on the current protection of geographical indication intellectual property of tea in Guangdong Province,and put forth the following countermeasures:(i) Conducting indepth study of geographical indication characteristics of famous tea;(ii) Exploiting and arranging the intangible cultural heritage of tea;(iii) Focusing on the protection pattern of geographical indication products established by the General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine;(iv) Taking full advantage of special mark of geographical indication.

  14. Analysis of Factors Influencing the Development Effect of Characteristic Agriculture in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ying

    2012-01-01

    Based on 303 questionnaires of farmers in different types of areas of Henan Province, we analyze the impact of various factors (different types of areas, types of characteristic agriculture, sales of characteristic agricultural products, risk management of characteristic agricultural products, science and technology reliance, and improvement in farmers’ life) on the development of characteristic agriculture in Henan Province, using Logistic model. The results show that improving farmers’ living standards, expanding the sales channels, increasing scientific and technological input and perfecting risk management mechanism of agricultural products, is of great significance to promoting farmers’ satisfaction, and improving the development effect of characteristic agriculture. Finally, the relevant policy recommendations are put forth for the development of characteristic agriculture: increasing the government support; relying on scientific and technological progress to improve the quality of characteristic agricultural products; cultivating and improving the market system; perfecting risk management system.

  15. 对商业银行拓展优质个贷客户的思考——以黑龙江省建设银行为例%Commercial Banks to Expand High - quality Customers of a Loan --A Case of Heilongjiang Province Construction Bank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关玉娟

    2011-01-01

    Stability and expand high -quality commercial bank customers that is one of the means to improve competitiveness, which is a commercial bank based on the hook. Commercial banks in the expansion of the public high - quality customer must also expand to the private high - quality customers, develop high - quality customers to the private key is to develop a credit - quality customers.%稳定并拓展优质客户是商业银行提高竞争力的手段之一,是商业银行立足之本。商业银行在拓展对公优质客户的同时,还必须拓展对私优质客户,拓展对私优质客户的关键是拓展优质个贷客户。

  16. A Glance at Bohai Bay Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Shoubai

    1995-01-01

    @@ Chinese oil industry keeps on developing in 1994. The oil production of Bohai Bay Oil Province located in East China also keeps on growing. Geologically,the total area of Bohai Bay Basin is about 200 000 km2 and the main structural units are: Liaohe Depression, Huanghua Depression,Jizhong Depression, Linqing Depression, Jiyang Depression, Changwei Depression, Bozhong Depression,Chengning Uplift and Cangjing Uplift (see figure 1). Area of the main structural units is listed in following:

  17. US Local Government Delegation Visits Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuan; You

    2015-01-01

    A 12-member US Local Government Delegationled by Wisconsin Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch visited Sichuan Province December 11-13 at the invitation of the CPAFFC.Consisting of lieutenant governors,state legislators,mayors,government officials of cities and counties from eight states—Wisconsin,Washington,New York,Colorado,Illinois,Tennessee,Kansas and Missouri—the delegation was organized by the China-United States Exchange Foundation(CUSEF).Established in Hong Kong in 2008

  18. Curie surface of Borborema Province, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Raphael T.; Vidotti, Roberta M.; Oksum, Erdinc

    2016-06-01

    The Curie surface interpreted from magnetic data through spatial frequency domain techniques is used to provide information on the thermal structure of Borborema Province. The Borborema Province is part of the neoproterozoic collision of an orogenic system situated between the São Francisco-Congo and São Luís-West Africa cratons, which formed the Gondwana Supercontinent. The Curie surface of Borborema Province varies from 18 to 59 km, which reveals the complexity in the crustal composition of the study area. The thermal structure shows different crustal blocks separated by the main shear zones, which corroborates the evolution model of allochthonous terranes. The Curie surface signature for the west portion of Pernambuco Shear Zone may indicate processes of mantle serpentinization, once the Curie isotherm is deeper than Mohorovic discontinuity. In this region, the amplitude of Bouguer anomaly decreases, which corroborates long wavelength anomaly observed in the magnetic anomaly. We interpreted this pattern as evidence of the Brasiliano-Pan-Africano's subduction/collision event. Earthquakes in the region are concentrated mainly in shallow Curie surface regions (less resistant crust) and in transition zones between warm and cold blocks. We calculated the horizontal gradient of the Curie depth to emphasize the signature of contact between the thermal blocks. These regions mark possible crustal discontinuities, and have high correlation with orogenic gold occurrence in the study area.

  19. A Study of TQM Implementation Outcomes in Hamadan Province, District Health Systems 2000-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Hamidi

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The overall objective of this study was to determine TQM application in health systems of different countries and designing an appropriate model for Iran through experimenting in Hamadan Province District Health Systems. Its most important special objectives were: analyzing action plan for TQM and the achievements in different countries –including IRAN, primary modeling TQM and proposing it for health systems, experimenting of the mentioned above model in 8 DHSs` of Hamadan province , analyzing the results of applying TQM and at the end proposing appropriate strategy for successful implementation of TQM. This research was a semi exprimental study that after one year from applying proposed model in 8 DHSs` of Hamadan Province short-term results were evaluated. The results showed a positive change in organizational culture, teamwork, process oriented and customer satisfaction in the trial field. In a way that 42.5% of responses agreed with cultural change in organization, 45.5% claimed increasing of teams problem solving effectiveness. As a necessiation technical aspect of quality improvement projects, process capability ratio (PCR, in some process was dramatically increased, in a way that PCR in vaccination process(from 0.8 to 1.08 , health card issued(from 0.82 to 1.71, child care(from 0.5 to 1.3, health house reports(from 0.24 to 1.5 and delivery of LD&HD pill (from 0.41 to 1.48 improved. The most driving forces capable of affecting success of TQM were: committed and supportive management (87%, continuous education (85%, Strategic planning(73%,and Employee participation(65%. Considering the maintained above results, TQM implementation in Hamadan province district health systems, not only increased quality of key processes, but also created positive culture change.

  20. Product Quality and Worker Quality

    OpenAIRE

    Abowd, John M.; Françis KRAMARZ; Moreau, Antoine

    1996-01-01

    We study the relation between product quality and worker quality using an economic model that, under certain conditions, provides a direct link between product price, product quality and work force quality. Our measures of product quality are the evolution in the detailed product price relative to its product group and the level of the product price relative to this group. Our worker quality measures are the firm's average person effect and personal characteristics effect from individual wage...

  1. Quality Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Michael

    The quality manual is the “heart” of every management system related to quality. Quality assurance in analytical laboratories is most frequently linked with ISO/IEC 17025, which lists the standard requirements for a quality manual. In this chapter examples are used to demonstrate, how these requirements can be met. But, certainly, there are many other ways to do this.

  2. QUALITY ASSESSEMENT OF ANTE-NATAL CARE USING THE METHOD OF LOT QUALITY ASSURANCE SAMPLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh. Salarilak

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available To determine the coverage rate, timeliness and quality of ante-natal care in rural areas under the coverage of Health Houses in West Azerbaijan province, 30 Health Houses (HH were randomly selected out of 731 HH in the province. In each HH, using the method of Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS 28 women having recently born babies was selected. Data were collected using check-list for facilities, and questionnaires and forms to be completed from the files by interview. The study showed that the method of LQAS is quite effective for evaluation of this service at HH level. The weighted total coverage of ante-natal care was 46.2%. Quality of care was acceptable for 53.9% of mothers. The weighted average of time lines of care was 49.8%. Availability of facilities in delivery of this service was 100%, showing there was no short coming in this respect.

  3. Empirical Analysis of the Vegetable Industry in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We first introduce the status quo of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province,and then conduct empirical analysis of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province.Further,we analyze the development advantage of the vegetable industry in Hebei Province using SAI(Scale Advantage Indices) and SCA(Symmetric Comparative Advantage),drawing the conclusion that the vegetable industry in Hebei Province has much room for development;at the same time,we analyze the factors influencing vegetable consumption of residents in Hebei Province through the regression model,drawing the conclusion that the vegetable consumer price index is the main factor affecting the consumption.Finally we make recommendations for the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province as follows:increasing financial input,promoting policy guarantee capacity;implementing brand strategy,promoting the competitiveness of products;improving the ecological environment,promoting industrialization of pollution-free vegetables.

  4. Study on Sustainable Development Capability of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren Ziping; Luo Qishan; Wang Yanchun; Deng Hongbing; Zhao Jingzhu

    2005-01-01

    Based on the indicator system of Sustainable Development ( SD ), Shandong Province was selected as an example for assessment with AHP method and the standard year was 1978. The conclusion was that Shandong Province' s ability of SD was being strengthened step by step, and there were also some restrictive factors, and according to the basic conditions of Shandong Province, countermeasures and strategy of SD were put forward.

  5. Evaluation of the Rural Human Settlement in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Hong; Shen Meiyu; Chen Xiangxiang

    2012-01-01

    Taking Shandong Province as the research object, this paper uses the principal component analysis method to evaluate the status of the rural human settlement in Shandong Province. It establishes the evaluation index system of the rural residential environment in Shandong Province, including living environment, economy, infrastructure, public service facilities, and ecological environment, in total five comprehensive index, and 20 second~ ary indexes. Through measurement and sorting of rural human environment development level of Shandong Province in 2010, the 17 cities are divided into-excellent, good, ordinary, poor-four development areas and are analyzed based on the restriction factor in the development of the region.

  6. Investigation and Study on Employment Status of Migrant Workers in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Ji-ying; Wang Yao

    2015-01-01

    With the gradual acceleration of urbanization speed and continuous improvements of agricultural productivity, the number of migrant workers is increasing. The living conditions of this group in cities determine the quality of urbanization in China, and are of great and far-reaching significance to Chinese construction of comprehensive well-off society. This study took the migrant workers in Heilongjiang Province as the research object, and took the representative new-generation migrant workers as the respondent to have a comprehensive analysis of the employment status. The study focused on these aspects, such as nature information, employment selection, employment quality, and social security, etc. Finally, it provided valuable ideas and methods on the reasonable solutions of the employment problems of the migrant workers to better increase farmers' income and improve their living qualities.

  7. The Obstacles,Paths and Mechanisms of the Sustainable Development of Farmers’ Cooperatives in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the description of the major role played by famers’ cooperatives in developing rural economy and in increasing the income of farmers,the obstacles of the sustainable development of famers’ cooperatives in Hebei Province are introduced.Firstly,the cooperative mechanism is imperfect;secondly,the development is substandard;thirdly,the coverage of preferential policy is limited;fourthly,the capitals and financing problem are difficult;fifthly,the operation is single;sixthly,the construction of marketing channels is the weak;seventhly,the professional talents are scarce.The sustainable development paths of famers’ cooperatives in Heibei Province are analyzed.Firstly,conducting value-added processing and taking the way of materialized development,industrialized operation and enterprise-style management;secondly,implementing agricultural quality and brand strategy and moving into the high level market;thirdly,constructing modern agricultural marketing and taking the road of supermarket agriculture;fourthly,enforcing the management of information and getting efficiency from information;fifthly,developing recycling agriculture and taking the way of improving resource efficiency.There are five ways for establishing the operational mechanism of sustainable development of farmers’ cooperatives in Heibei Province.The government should innovate the cooperation mechanism;innovating training and education mechanism;innovating production mechanism;innovating financial mechanism;innovating marketing mechanism.

  8. Designing a Model that Female Entrepreneurs Face with Higher Education Centers in Tehran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mehdi Mirdamadi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study chiefly aims to design the model of challenges females entrepreneurs are face with higher education centers in Tehran province. To achieve the major objective and on the basis of the designed conceptual model, examination of the participants’ attitudes about the impact of components of quality challenges, entrepreneurship instructors, training methods, financial supports, individual factors, legal factors and cultural factors on females entrepreneurs development at the higher education centers in Tehran province were addressed as the minor purposes. with regard to the challenges the Iranian universities are facing with, besides a questionnaires were distributed among 100 female students studying entrepreneurship at University of Tehran as well as female students participated in training workshops of entrepreneurship skills at Al-Zahra university, the items of challenges the women entrepreneurship development are facing with were measured at the higher education centers of Tehran province. After the data analysis, the obtained results were reported in terms of rate of impact per one unit increase in each challenge over decrease in women entrepreneurship development. To test the research hypotheses (challenges affecting the purpose, the bivariate regression test was adopted and the level of significance for each challenge was determined. Additionally, for testing the conceptual model, the structural equation modeling was used via the LISREL software. Appropriateness of the model and compliance with the empirical data then were attested.

  9. Analysis on Characteristics and Functions of the Peasant Workers’ Returning Home for Venturing in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Features and effects of returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province are analyzed.Returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province depends on traditional agriculture to develop the quantitative business of planting and breeding,local resources to develop the processing of building materials and agricultural products,small towns to develop service industry such as catering and tourism and the capital accumulated when working in the outside to achieve the transformation from an ordinary worker to an entrepreneur.Returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province promotes the employment and expends ways of transferring rural labor force and increasing incomes.Advantageous recourses are attracted to the rural and underdeveloped areas,which is beneficial to narrowing the gap between the urban and rural areas.It can also promote the transformation of agricultural developmental methods and speed the pace of building modern agriculture.And a group of talents with higher qualities are provided for new rural construction through the modeling and leading role.Entrepreneurship and urbanization are combined together to advance the process of rural urbanization.

  10. A path analysis of the cultivated land change in Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Hubei Province is one of the critical grain production regions in China with the quantitative cultivated land and good natural condition; it plays an important role in grain security in China. However, owing to rapid economic growth, population pressures, anthropogenic activities, and natural disasters, the quality of the cultivated land has significantly decreased in recent years and environmental resources are under increasing stress. In order to research on the mechanism of the change of the cultivated land, this paper analyzes qualitatively the influencing factors of the cultivated land change in Hubei Province from 1978 to 2004, and distinguishes the direct factors from indirect influent ones by means of the approach of the path analysis. The result shows that the area of the rent land in the total nonagricultural land, the total population growth and the fixed asset investment are the main factors deciding the change of the cultivated land. Meanwhile, the density of the transportation network, the proportion of per capita income of rural citizens to that of urban citizens, non-agricultural gross domestic production's share of the total GDP has a less direct effect but a more indirect influence on the decrease of the cultivated land in Hubei Province. The result means that while some factors have less direct influence on the change of the cultivated land, its indirect influence are significant, wce versa. Thus it's necessary to adopt a comprehensive measurement to protect the cultivated land.

  11. Impact of the June 2013 Riau province Sumatera smoke haze event on regional air pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewi Ayu Kusumaningtyas, Sheila; Aldrian, Edvin

    2016-07-01

    Forest and land fires in Riau province of Sumatera increase along with the rapid deforestation, land clearing, and are induced by dry climate. Forest and land fires, which occur routinely every year, cause trans-boundary air pollution up to Singapore. Economic losses were felt by Indonesia and Singapore as the affected country thus creates tensions among neighboring countries. A high concentration of aerosols are emitted from fire which degrade the local air quality and reduce visibility. This study aimed to analyze the impact of the June 2013 smoke haze event on the environment and air quality both in Riau and Singapore as well as to characterize the aerosol properties in Singapore during the fire period. Air quality parameters combine with aerosols from Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) data and some environmental parameters, i.e. rainfall, visibility, and hotspot numbers are investigated. There are significant relationships between aerosol and environmental parameters both in Riau and Singapore. From Hysplit modeling and a day lag correlation, smoke haze in Singapore is traced back to fire locations in Riau province after propagated one day. Aerosol characterization through aerosol optical depth (AOD), Ångstrom parameter and particle size distribution indicate the presence of fine aerosols in a great number in Singapore, which is characteristic of biomass burning aerosols. Fire and smoke haze even impaired economic activity both in Riau and Singapore, thus leaving some accounted economic losses as reported by some agencies.

  12. Hydrogeologic Provinces for California based upon established groundwater basins and watershed polygons.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Ten hydrogeologic provinces of California are represented by a region- class feature called "provinces" within this digital data set. These provinces were...

  13. Spatial relationship between soil fertility quality and human activities accessibility in the red eroded area of southern China:A case study in Zhuxi Watershed, Changting County, Fujian Province%南方红壤侵蚀区土壤肥力质量与人为活动可达性的空间关系——以福建长汀县朱溪流域为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志强; 陈志彪; 陈海滨; 陈丽慧

    2012-01-01

    人为活动可达性对土壤肥力质量具有重要影响.以南方红壤侵蚀区典型流域福建省长汀县朱溪流域为研究区,选取10个土壤肥力质量因子,基于“3S”技术并结合野外调查,对10个土壤肥力质量因子进行叠加,生成土壤肥力质量等级图;根据相对高度、DEM生成的坡度、SPOT影像提取的土地利用图、距居民点和交通用地的远近,创建人为活动可达性综合评价指数,整个研究区可达性由最难到达至最易到达可分为5级.结果表明:1)人为活动可达性从“中等”到“困难”到“很困难”,土壤肥力质量总体呈上升趋势,可达性难度逐渐增大导致开发利用难度增大,人为活动的干扰程度相对减少;2)在人为活动可达性“容易”和“很容易”2个级别,分布着所有的“很好”和大部分“好”2个土壤肥力质量级别,并与流域下游的耕地地类对应,同时“容易”和“很容易”2个级别所在区域自然条件较好,人类开发利用强度大,导致部分区域土壤肥力质量级别较低;3)人为活动可达性是土壤肥力质量的重要但不是唯一影响因素;4)今后相关研究应加强土壤肥力质量综合评价模型中人为活动的定量表达,从而深入解 释南方红壤侵蚀区人为活动与土壤肥力的复杂关系.%Human activities accessibility plays an important role in soil fertility quality. This study were conducted in Zhuxi Watershed of Changting County, Fujian Province, the typical representative area of red eroded soil in Southern China. The spatial relationship between human activities accessibility and soil fertility quality was evaluated. After selecting ten soil fertility factors, the soil fertility quality was generated by overlaying ten factors based on 3S technique and field investigation. A compound-accessibility evaluation index was created based on relative altitude, slope from DEM, land use from SPOT images, distance to

  14. 我国县级城市发展质量综合评价--以江苏省县级市为例%Comprehensively Evaluating the Development Quality of Cities of County Level of China--Taking the Cities of County Level of Jiangsu Province as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白先春; 凌亢; 朱龙杰; 王芳

    2005-01-01

    The evaluative indices system of cities at county level development quality is constructed. According to the goal value of every evaluation and the model of synthesis evaluation, the development quality of 27cities at county level in Jiangsu provincial is analysed comprehensively from 2000 to 2002. The quantitative model in common condition that measures the degree of harmony development between the qualitative systems of city is used. The development harmony of 27 cities qualitative systems is studied separately on the basis of the model of harmony degree and the synthesis evaluation result in three years urbanization process lately.

  15. Quality Costs

    OpenAIRE

    Ion Stanciu; Emilia Pascu

    2014-01-01

    Costs related to quality is an important tool for valuing quality, a potential source of profit maximization organization.They are a tool to optimize processes and activities relevant to quality because through them it is possible to identify inefficient activities, critical points in the development process. Thus, there may be more robust, concrete or improvement actions required in a particular sector of the enterprise. Quality has a cost, and this fact can not be denied. At the same time, ...

  16. Assessing sustainability of organic apple orchards. The case of small scale apple production in Ningxia Province, PR China

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Louisa

    2014-01-01

    China produces 43% of the world apple supply, but low fruit quality remains a problem for export of table fruit. Ningxia province is also facing challenges such as low soil fertility, poor orchard infrastructure and inadequate institutional support for small-scale apple producers. The study was carried out to assess a. the sustainability of organic apple orchards and b. the potential role of Organic and Fair Trade certification to contribute to farm sustainability and improve socio-economic o...

  17. Status and Trends of GAP Base Construction of Chinese Materia Medica in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Ping; LAI Xiao-ping; XU Hong-hua; DU Qin; WANG Jian-gang; YING Ge; LIAO Hui-jun; DAI Lei; SHAO Yan-hua

    2012-01-01

    It is one of the key points for modernization and internationalization of traditional Chinese medicines to construct the Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) base of Chinese materia medica (CMM).GAP helps to minimize contamination and improve the quality of CMM during the plantation and the production of Chinese crude drugs.In this article,the status and development of CMM production bases of GAP in Guangdong Province,China,are presented.The suggestions upon the problems during the development of GAP for Chinese crude drugs are also provided.

  18. 1:500 Scale Aerial Triangulation Test with Unmanned Airship in Hubei Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new UAVS (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System) for low altitude aerial photogrammetry is introduced for fine surveying and mapping, including the platform airship, sensor system four-combined wide-angle camera and photogrammetry software MAP-AT. It is demonstrated that this low-altitude aerial photogrammetric system meets the precision requirements of 1:500 scale aerial triangulation based on the test of this system in Hubei province, including the working condition of the airship, the quality of image data and the data processing report. This work provides a possibility for fine surveying and mapping

  19. Dimensions of water contamination in the subprovinces of Adana province, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    TANIR, Ferdi; AKÇİMEN, Beril; Köksal, Fatih; Aytaç, Necdet; CENGİZLER, İbrahim

    2011-01-01

    To determine the dimension of the contamination of the drinking and utility water in the touristic Bahçe district of the Karataş subprovince of Adana province, and to share our views on how to raise the quality of the water in the district. Materials and methods: In 2007 and 2008, 80 samples were taken 8 times, on a seasonal basis, from the drinking water and sea water of the Bahçe district. Eleven organic and inorganic parameters were measured and presented following a comparison with crit...

  20. The Problems Existing in Building of Rural Community in Jilin Province and Corresponding Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses some problems existing in building of rural community in Jilin Province as follows:the funds for community building are short;the residents show sluggish participation in community;the infrastructure community building is backward;the organizational building of community lags behind;the operating mechanism is in chaos.Finally,corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward as follows:we should strengthen the funds guarantee of government for community building;we should reinforce the quality education for the rural residents;we should speed up the construction of rural infrastructure;we should improve organizational building of rural community.

  1. 1:500 Scale Aerial Triangulation Test with Unmanned Airship in Hubei Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feifei, Xie; Zongjian, Lin; Dezhu, Gui

    2014-03-01

    A new UAVS (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System) for low altitude aerial photogrammetry is introduced for fine surveying and mapping, including the platform airship, sensor system four-combined wide-angle camera and photogrammetry software MAP-AT. It is demonstrated that this low-altitude aerial photogrammetric system meets the precision requirements of 1:500 scale aerial triangulation based on the test of this system in Hubei province, including the working condition of the airship, the quality of image data and the data processing report. This work provides a possibility for fine surveying and mapping.

  2. Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuchao Yang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China. Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government.

  3. Consumption Status of Rural Residents in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    After the analysis on the consumption changes of rural residents in Shanxi Province during the 30 years since the reform and opening up,it indicates that,their consumption scale has been expanding,the consumption level has been greatly promoted,the consumption structure has been gradually becoming reasonable and the consumption quality has been obviously improved.An analysis is also conducted on the influencing factors constraining the consumption demand of rural residents,mainly including the farmers’ lack of capacity to increase income and inadequate support for consumption;heavy burdens on farmers and instable income expectation;bad consumption environment and increasing constraints on consumption demand;less consumption goods suitable for farmers;unsound security system which affects the immediate consumption of farmers;backward consumption concept which restricts the improvement of consumption level.At last some corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are proposed,namely,maintaining the constant income growth of farmers so as to improve their purchasing power;establishing modern circulation network in rural areas so as to ensure a smooth channel for commodity market;enhancing the rural infrastructure construction so as to improve the consumption environment of rural residents;producing marketable commodities so as to meet rural market demand;perfecting social security system so as to improve the consumer tendency of farmers.

  4. Application of Telemedicine in Gansu Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Hui; Wang, Hongjing; Guo, Tiankang; Bao, Guoxian

    2016-01-01

    Telemedicine has become an increasingly popular option for long-distance health care and continuing education. As information and communication technology is underdeveloped in China, telemedicine develops slowly. At present, telemedicine consultation centers are situated mainly in developed cities, such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. In many less developed regions, such as northwest China, the conditions or related facilities are not available for the application of a better medical service. Accordingly, the aim of this paper was to introduce the construction and application of a telemedicine consultation center in Gansu Province in the northwest of China. In addition, the function of Gansu Provincial Telemedicine Consultation Center on emergency public events was introduced. As a whole, there was a great demand for telemedicine service in the local medical institutions. In the telemedicine consultation center, the telemedicine equipments and regulations were needed to be improved. The function of telemedicine service was not fully used, there was a large space to be applied and the publicity of telemedicine service was important. What is important was that telemedicine played a significance role in promoting the medical policy reform, improving the medical environment and launching the remote rescue in the emergency public events. This paper emphasizes the health care challenges of poor regions, and indicates how to share the high-quality medical service of provincial hospitals effectively and how to help residents in resource-poor environments. PMID:27332894

  5. Assessment of natural arsenic in groundwater in Cordoba Province, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francisca, Franco M; Carro Perez, Magalí E

    2009-12-01

    Groundwater in the central part of Argentina contains arsenic concentrations that, in most cases, exceed the value suggested by international regulations. In this region, Quaternary loessical sediments with a very high volcanic glass fraction lixiviate arsenic and fluoride after weathering. The objectives of this study are to analyze the spatial distribution of arsenic in different hydrogeological regions, to define the naturally expected concentration in an aquifer by means of hydrogeochemistry studies, and to identify emergent health evidences related to cancer mortality in the study area. The correlation between arsenic and fluoride concentrations in groundwater is analyzed at each county in the Cordoba Province. Two dimensionless geoindicators are proposed to identify risk zones and to rapidly visualize the groundwater quality related to the presence of arsenic and fluoride. A surface-mapping system is used to identify the spatial variability of concentrations and for suggesting geoindicators. The results show that the Chaco-Pampean plain hydrogeologic region is the most affected area, with arsenic and fluoride concentrations in groundwater being generally higher than the values suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO) for drinking water. Mortality related to kidney, lung, liver, and skin cancer in this area could be associated to the ingestion of arsenic-contaminated water. Generated maps provide a base for the assessment of the risk associated to the natural occurrence of arsenic and fluoride in the region. PMID:19165608

  6. Quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, B.M.; Gleckler, B.P.

    1995-06-01

    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the quality assurance and quality control practices of Hanford Site environmental monitoring and surveillance programs. Samples are analyzed according to documented standard analytical procedures. This section discusses specific measures taken to ensure quality in project management, sample collection, and analytical results.

  7. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangSongpei

    2005-01-01

    A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the wholecountry, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,

  8. Quality of Family Life and Mortality in Seventeenth Century Dublin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Thomas E.

    2010-01-01

    Inquiry into the quality of family life in seventeenth century Dublin is an attempt to understand conditions in the second largest city in the British Isles; further, the era was one of convulsions in the body politic, social, and religious. The Scottish James I and VI (1556 1625) determined that the Irish province closest to Scotland, Ulster,…

  9. Payenia volcanic province, southern Mendoza, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina; Holm, Paul Martin; Llambias, Eduardo Jorge

    2013-01-01

    to the low thickness of the lithospheric mantle and preheating of the lower crust by earlier Mio-Pliocene volcanism. Rare earth element modelling of mantle melting calls for enriched source compositions and a beginning of melting within the garnet stability field for all Payenia basalts. The Río Colorado......The Pleistocene to Holocene Payenia volcanic province is a backarc region of 60,000 km2 in Mendoza, Argentina, which is dominated by transitional to alkaline basalts and trachybasalts. We present major and trace element compositions of 139 rocks from this area of which the majority are basaltic...... rocks with 4 to 12 wt.% MgO and 44 to 50 wt.% SiO2. The southern Payenia province is dominated by intraplate basalts and the trace element patterns of the Río Colorado and Payún Matrú lavas suggest little or no influence from subducted slab components. The mantle source of these rocks is similar to some...

  10. Cancer survival in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sriamporn, S; Black, R J; Sankaranarayanan, R; Kamsa-ad, S; Parkin, D M; Vatanasapt, V

    1995-05-01

    Thailand is one of the few developing countries for which population-based cancer survival data are available. Using clinical follow-up information and reply-paid postal enquiries, 10,333 residents of Khon Kaen province registered with cancer in the period 1985-1992 were followed-up to the end of 1993. The sites of the most common cancers in the province were liver (5-year relative survival rate 9.2%), cervix (60.1%), lung (15.4%), breast (48.1%) and large bowel (41.9%). Results for Khon Kaen were compared with age-standardized survival data for the US and Scotland. Survival was consistently higher for US whites compared to Khon Kaen residents for those cancers whose prognosis is associated with early diagnosis (breast, cervix and large bowel) or the availability of intensive therapy (leukaemia and lymphoma). The main implication of these results for cancer control in Thailand is that the interventions of greatest potential benefit are those designed to promote early detection. More than one-third of all cancers in Thailand are liver tumours: primary prevention through control of hepatitis-B infection and liver fluke infestation is the only effective strategy for their control. PMID:7729937

  11. Evaluation of Forest Resource Quality Based on Forest Management Inventory Data——A Case Study of Mingyueshan Forest Farm in Anfu County, Jiangxi Province%基于森林资源二类调查数据的森林资源质量评价——以江西安福县明月山林场为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张邦文; 郑世跃; 欧阳勋志; 韩天一; 房焕英; 赵芳

    2011-01-01

    森林资源质量评价有助于及时掌握森林资源的动态,为政府决策和企业制定森林经营方案等提供依据.以森林资源二类调查数据为评价依据,分别为商品林和公益林构建了林场级的森林资源质量评价指标体系,并运用层次分析法确定了各指标的权重;采用模糊综合评判法对安福县明月山林场的森林资源质量进行实例评价.结果表明:林场商品林资源质量为中等水平,商品林主要限制因子是林分蓄积生长量和年龄结构;公益林资源质量为优等,同时也存在幼龄林比重过大等问题;对林场森林资源总体而言,其质量处于中等水平,但整体上向可持续的方向发展.%Evaluation of forest resource quality is helpful to grasp its dynamics, providing references for the government to make decision and compilation of forest management plan. Dealing with commercial forest and public benefical forest reqpectively, the index system of forest resource quality evaluation was built based on the forest resource inventory data, the index-weight was determined with hierarchic analysis process; using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, the forest resource quality was evaluated, taking Mingyueshan forest farm in Anfu County for example. The results showed that, the quality of the commercial forest belonged to the middle level, the limiting factors were stand volume growth and trees' age structure; the quality of the publicbenefical forest belonged to the high level, the limiting factor was the large proportion of young forest. The forest resource quality of the whole forest farm belonged to the middle level, the forest resource quality on the whole forest farm was sustainable.

  12. Province of Ontario nuclear emergency plan. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Province of Ontario Nuclear Emergency Plan has been developed pursuant to Section 8 of the Emergency Plans Act, 1983. This plan replaces the Province of Ontario Nuclear Contingency Off-Site Plan (June 1980) which is no longer applicable. The wastes plan includes planning, preparation, emergency organization and operational responsibilities and policy

  13. Integrated Coastal Management in the Province Ca Mau - Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stoop, B.; Bouziotas, D.; Hanssen, J.L.J.; Dunnewolt, J.; Postma, M.G.

    2015-01-01

    The province of Ca Mau is the southernmost part of Vietnam and the Mekong Delta. The water system of Ca Mau faces multiple challenges, both in its coastal zone and in its inland regions. the coastal zone in the province. In view of this, this study presents an integrated approach for combined coasta

  14. Impacts of shoreline erosion on coastal ecosystems in Songkhla Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nipaporn Chusrinuan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Songkhla Province is located on the eastern coast of the southern Thai Peninsula, bordering the Gulf of Thailand for approximately 107 km. Most of the basin’s foreshores have been extensively developed for housing, tourism and shrimp farming. The beaches are under deteriorating impacts, often causing sediment transport which leads to an unnaturally high erosion rate. This natural phenomenon is considered to be a critical problem in the coastal areas affected by the hazard of coastal infrastructure and reduced beach esthetics for recreation. In this study, shoreline changes were compared between 1975 and 2006 using aerial photographs and Landsat imageries using Geographic Information System (GIS. The results revealed that 18.5 km2 of the coastal areas were altered during the period. Of this, 17.3 km2 suffered erosion and 1.2 km2were subjected to accretion. The most significant changes occurred between 1975-2006. Shoreline erosion was found at Ban Paktrae, Ranot District, with an average erosion rate of 5.3 m/year, while accretion occurred at Laem Samila, MuangSongkhla District with an average accretion rate of 2.04 m/year. The occurrences of shoreline erosion have contributed to the degradation of coastal soil and water quality, destruction of beach and mangrove forests, loss of human settlements and livelihood.These processes have led to deterioration of the quality of life of the residents. Prevention and mitigation measures to lessen economic and social impacts due to shoreline erosion are discussed.

  15. Investigating the life quality of the recipients after the transplantationwith kidney from the brain-dead donors in Sichuan Province%四川省脑死亡器官捐献肾移植受者术后生活质量调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦宏; 狄文佳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the life quality of the recipients after the transplantation with kidney from the brain-dead donors. Methods A total of 18 recipients who underwent the brain-dead donor kidney transplantation at our center of organ transplantation between May 2011 and May 2012 were studied retrospectively in this study. We investigated the life quality of the recipients after the transplantation with kidney from brain-dead donors compared with the healthy control using SF-36 quality of life scale. Results In this study, the life quality of the recipients after the transplantation with kidney from brain-dead donors was improved significantly compared with the healthy men (P<0. 05). Conclusion The life quality of the recipients after the transplantation with kidney from brain-dead donors was improved significantly. Under the condition of organ shortage or no suitable relative donor, the DCD is worth trying for patients with renal failure.%了解脑死亡器官捐献肾移植受者术后生活质量.方法应用SF-36生活质量量表分析18例脑死亡器官捐献肾移植受者术后6个月的生活质量,并与肾移植术前及健康人群进行比较.结果 两种比较均平P<0.05,具有统计学意义.结论脑死亡器官捐献肾移植受者术后生活质量有极大提高,在器官短缺而又没有合适亲属捐献的现状下,DCD无疑为其带来了曙光.

  16. Defining Quality Indicators for Best-Practice Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geoffrey C Nguyen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of published data regarding the quality of care of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD in Canada. Clinical quality indicators are quantitative end points used to guide, monitor and improve the quality of patient care. In Canada, where universal health care can vary significantly among provinces, quality indicators can be used to identify potential gaps in the delivery of IBD care and standardize the approach to interprovincial management.

  17. The Development Model of Agricultural Insurance in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pu; YOU

    2014-01-01

    The agricultural economy in Anhui Province is developing so fast,but farmers are severely affected by the frequent occurrence of natural disasters. The current agricultural insurance mode is not suitable,therefore,the research on agricultural insurance modes of Anhui Province helps to promote the steady development of the agricultural production. Starting from situation of agricultural insurance in Anhui Province,learning from both experience of foreign country and the latest successful domestic modes,we try to put forward agricultural insurance mode framework which is suitable for Anhui Province. Based on the actual situation of Anhui Province,it is necessary to adopt the mode of government leading combined with agricultural mutual aid rather than copy the existing mode.

  18. Developmental Strategies of Betel Nut Industry in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental status of the betel nut industry is introduced, including cultivation situation, processing and development situation, and consumer market situation. The result shows that the cultivation of betel nut in Hainan Province develops rapidly and the primary processing of betel nut has formed certain scale, but the deep processing of betel nut is backward. Except for the mino amount of the betel nuts consumed by Hainan Island, a large majority of the betel nuts are processed into dry fruit to sell to Hunan Province to reprocess. The problems exist in the development of betel nut industry in Hainan Province are analyzed, covering blind cultivation, extensive management, backward processing, lagged new product development and the single and concentrated consumer market. The strategic choice of developing the betel nut industry of Hainan Province is analyzed as well. Hainan Province should carry out the green, sustainable, diversified, cooperative and export-oriented industrial developmental strategy.

  19. SOIL QUALITY CHANGES FOLLOWING FOREST CLEARANCE IN BENGKULU, SUMATRA

    OpenAIRE

    Handayani, I. P.

    2004-01-01

    Intense destruction and degradation of tropical forests is recognized as one of the environmental threats and tragedies. These have increased the need to assess the effects of subsequent land-use following forest extraction on soil quality. Therefore, the objective of this study is to evaluate the impacts of land-use type on soil quality properties in Bengkulu Province, Sumatra. Soil samples were collected from adjacent sites including natural secondary forest, bare land, cultivated land and ...

  20. Analysis on Awareness of the Rice Farmers in the Quality and Safety and Its Influencing Factors---Based on the Survey of 272 Rice Growers in Hunan Province%粮农质量安全认知及影响因素分析——基于湖南省272个水稻种植户的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫鸣; 陶莎; 廖志锋

    2016-01-01

    分析了耕地环境、化肥、农药等农业投入品对稻米质量安全的影响机理,并根据272个水稻种植户的调查结果,表明了稻农对质量安全法规与监管的认知程度普遍较低,对质量安全知识的认知能力也较差;通过采用ML-Binary Probit模型进行计量分析,研究表明年龄、从事农业年限、家庭人均收入、农业收入占家庭收入比重、水稻种植面积等5个因素对影响稻农质量安全认知有显著影响.%This paper analyzes the environmental impact of the mechanism of arable land,fertilizers,pesticides and other agri-cultural inputs for rice quality and safety,and in accordance with the findings of 272 rice growers,rice farmers demonstrated awareness of the quality and safety regulations and supervision is generally low,cognitive ability is also poor quality and safety knowledge,through the ML-Binary Probit model econometric analysis,studies show that age,engaged in agricultural age, family income,agricultural income proportion of household income,the rice acreage five factors affecting rice farmers in the quality and safety awareness has a significant influence.

  1. Analysis of Factors Influencing Comprehensive Productivity of Agriculture in Henan Province on the Basis of Grey Correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the data from Henan Statistical Yearbook from 2002 to 2008, from production capital, production conditions, labour inputs and financial support, this paper selects 11 variables influencing comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province. Through calculation and analysis of grey correlation of variables and comprehensive productivity of agriculture, this paper determines the impact of different variables on comprehensive productivity of agriculture. The results show that the agricultural capital has become the most important factor influencing comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province, while the impact of production conditions, labour inputs and financial support on comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province diminishes in turn. Corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward to promote the sustainable development of comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province as follows: strengthen agricultural financial system building, and ensure agricultural production expenditure; scientifically arrange allocation of agricultural resources, and improve agricultural production conditions; carry out training of agricultural skills, and elevate the quality of agricultural labour forces; increase financial expenditure for agricultural production, and optimize financial expenditure structure.

  2. 高职毕业生就业质量分析与对策--以广东省某高职示范院校为例%Analysis and Countermeasures of the Quality of Higher Vocational Graduates’ Employment---Taking a vocational college in Guangdong Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李绮雯

    2015-01-01

    In the background of higher vocational graduates’ high employment rate, it is the direction of the hard work for the higher vocational graduates to pay attention to the employment quality. The paper was analyzed the graduates employment quality status and existing problems, then found out the reasons, and putted forward countermeasures to further enhance the employment quality of vocational graduates, so as to promote the employment of higher vocational graduates and the sustainable development of higher vocational education.%在高职毕业生高就业率的背景下,关注高职毕业生的就业质量是高职院校毕业生就业工作努力的方向。通过对高职毕业生就业质量状况以及存在的问题分析,找出问题产生的原因,提出进一步提升高职毕业生就业质量的对策,从而促进高职毕业生顺利就业,促进高职教育可持续发展。

  3. 贵州省典型煤矿区水体水质分析及其急性生物毒性%Water Quality Analysis and Acute Toxicity to Daphnia Carinata of Various Water Samples from Typical Coal Mining Areas in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俭; 吴永贵; 刘方; 喻阳华; 曾理; 王兰; 秦中

    2011-01-01

    Some water samples around 4 coal mines were collected in Guizhou Province to investigate the impact of coal mine exploitation on surface water environment. Physical and chemical characteristics of water samples were determined,and acute toxicity experiments were done for water samples with Daphnia carinata. Results indicated that the exploitation of coal mines caused serious pollution to water of the study area, with the highest contents of SO42-, Fe and Mn in water samples up to 2, 588.96 mg/L, 58.301mg/L and 7.097 mg/L respectively, as well as the lowest pH value 2.85. Coal acid mine drainage has a very strong acute toxicity to Daphnia carinata, with the 24 h LC50 ranges between 2.27% and 82.09%.Water in different coal mining areas has different biological toxicity, experimentresults showed that water samples from Maiping Coal Mine has the strongest acute biological toxicity, while from Dahebian Coal Mine in Shuicheng has the weakest biological toxicity, causing non-lethal effect to Daphnia carinata in 24 h.%为了解煤矿开采对周围水环境的影响,对贵州四个煤矿区水体的理化指标进行了测定,并用隆线溞对水样进行了急性生物毒件实验.结果表明,各煤矿的开采对研究区的地表水体均造成了不同程度污染,水体中SO42-、Fe与Mn的最高含量分别达到了2 588.96 mg/L.58.301 mg/L,7.097 mg/L.pH值最低为2.85.煤矿酸性废水对隆线溞有极强的急性生物毒性,其24 h LC50范围为2.27%~82.09%.不同煤矿区水体的生物毒性差异较大,花溪麦坪煤矿废水生物毒性最大,而水城大河边煤矿区水体最小,24 h内对隆线溞无致死作用.

  4. Provincial soil-quality monitoring networks in the Netherlands as an instrument for environmental protection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Busink, E.R.V.; Postma, S.

    2000-01-01

    Since 1991, several provinces in the Netherlands have put much effort in establishing soil-quality monitoring networks. The purpose of these networks is to provide insight in the trends in (geochemical) soil quality, on which new policies for environmental protection can be based, such as restrictio

  5. Strategic environmental assessment of energy planning tools. A study of Italian regions and provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SEA has been applied in different ways in EU energy and environmental planning instruments, because different member states have interpreted European Directive 2001/42/CE in a variety of ways. Italy, for example, has only recently completed the integration of the directive into its legislation, through a number of decrees which were approved between 2006 and 2010. As a result SEA practice in Italy is very fragmented, particularly with respect to energy planning, and needs to be steered towards homogeneous quality objectives. The aim of this paper is to study the quality of the SEA reports on the energy and environmental planning tools used by Italian regions and provinces. We study nine cases and use the methodology suggested by Fisher (2010) in his review of the quality of SEA. To be more precise, we integrate the views of external evaluators with those of a selection of the personnel directly involved in preparing the plans. Our results show that there are some differences in the quality scores given by the outsiders and insiders, although the two groups identified similar strengths and weaknesses in implementing SEA. - Highlights: • This is a comparative study on SEA report quality within Italian energy planning tools. • In Italy, the level of SEA implementation on energy planning is still poor. • External academic experts and internal officers assessed SEA reports' quality. • Outsiders and insiders unveil a similar judgement. • Most critical remarks concern consultation, monitoring measures, and follow-up

  6. Simulation of Air Quality over Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Province of China with Application of Catalysts for Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx to Diesel Exhaust and Natural Gas Boilers%脱硝技术与天然气应用情景下京津冀地区空气质量模拟评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李健; 安俊岭; 陈勇; 屈玉

    2013-01-01

    Three scenarios were designed in which catalysts for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx were applied to diesel exhaust (Scenario 1), catalysts for SCR were applied to both diesel exhaust and natural gas boilers according to the Chinese energy plan for 2015 (Scenario 2), and the catalysts were applied as in Scenario 2 but the Chinese energy plan for 2030 was used (Scenario 3). Simulations were performed with the WRF-CAMx model in Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Province in China (the BTH region) for January, April, July, and October of 2007, representing winter, spring, summer, and autumn, respectively. The results indicate that Scenario 1 can reduce the surface NOx concentrations by 20% in Beijing and Tianjin and by 5%in Hebei Province, and decrease the PM2.5 (particulate matter with diameters less than or equal to 2.5μm) concentrations by 10%in the BTH region. Scenarios 2 and 3 lead to decreases of more than 20%and more than 30%, respectively, in the surface concentrations of NOx and PM2.5 over the BTH region. This suggests that decreases in the surface concentrations of NOx and PM2.5 depend significantly on the amount of the catalyst used for SCR in diesel exhaust and natural gas boilers over the BTH region. The chemical process plays a key role in the formation of nitrates, sulfates, and ammonium salts, which are major components of PM2.5 over the BTH region. The surface concentrations of nitrates, sulfates, and ammonium salts contribute more than 60%in winter, spring, and autumn, more than 70% in summer and autumn, and approximately 25% in all four seasons, respectively, to the surface PM2.5 concentration. This implies that a large reduction in the emissions of major precursors of PM2.5, e.g., NOx, SO2, NH3, volatile organic compounds, and CO, can effectively reduce surface concentrations of PM2.5.%  针对京津冀地区主要大气污染物NOx(氮氧化物)和PM2.5(大气中粒径小于或等于2.5μm的颗粒物),应用柴油车尾气净

  7. Dengue virus serotype in Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paisal

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available WHO estimated 50 million dengue infections happen every year in the world. In Indonesia, there were 90,245 DHF cases on 2012 with 816 deaths. In the Province of Aceh, 2,269 cases happened in the same year. This study aimed to identify dengue virus serotype in Aceh. Sampling was done in Kota Banda Aceh Hospital, Kota Lhokseumawe Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Hospital, and Kabupaten Simeulue Hospital between May to December 2012. This was a clinical laboratory research with observation design using cross sectional approach. Research’s population was sample from patients with dengue clinical symptom. Using purposive sampling technique, we have collected 100 samples from the five hospitals (20 samples from each hospital. From RT-PCR, we found 16 positive samples (9 samples were DENV-4, 3 samples were DENV-1, 2 samples were DENV-2, and 2 samples were DENV-3.

  8. Development of the Alligator Rivers Uranium Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mining and milling of the uranium ore deposits in the Alligator Rivers Province will depend on open-cut and underground mining operations and well-established treatment techniques. The Ranger Project has Government development approval and major site construction commenced following the end of the 1978/79 wet season. Present indications are that normal commercial production of 2 540 t U/a should occur towards the end of 1981. The Ranger Joint Venturers have stated that when it is commercially practicable production will be increased to 5 080 t U/a. The Nabarlek Project also has development approval and production is to commence in the latter half of 1980 at approximately 920 t U/a. The Jabiluka and Koongarra Projects have not yet been given Government development approval

  9. Agricultural Investment Environment in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The features of ageing,low educational level and female domination on the part of agricultural labor forces,determine that the sustainable development of agriculture can not rely entirely on farmers,who are engaged in dispersed planting and small-scale operation,therefore,improving agricultural investment environment,and taking positive measures to promote diversification of the main body of agricultural investment,is the key to the healthy development of agriculture.From four aspects(the industrial base of agriculture,arable land resource conditions,capital investment capacity,input of means of production),this article establishes evaluation indicator system of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi Province,and based on this,make recommendations for improvement of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi.

  10. 豫中浓香型烤烟香气质量与中性致香成分关系分析%Analysis of Relationships between Neutral Aroma Constituents and Aroma Concentration and Quality in Flavor Enriched Flue-cured Tobacco in Central Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊丽; 叶协锋; 赵莉; 张腾; 李佳颖; 王伟宁; 于建军

    2012-01-01

    To determine material basis for the impact of aroma concentration and quality of flue-cured tobacco, using partial correlation analysis, path analysis, and stepwise regression analysis, the authors carried out quantitative relations analysis between neutral aroma constituents and concentration and quality of aroma in flue-cured tobacco. The results showed that regression model of quality of aroma and concentration of aroma of great significance were established, and both of these were significant at 1% level. 16 kinds of representative neutral aroma constituents in flue—cured tobacco had different direct influence on quality and concentration of aroma. Megastigmatrienone-3 had the greatest direct positive influence on concentration of aroma, megastigmatrienone-2 had the greatest direct negative influence on quality of aroma. Megastigmatrienone-2 had the greatest direct positive influence on concentration of aroma, (3 —damascenone had the greatest direct positive negative influence on concentration of aroma. Megastig— matrienone—1, phenylethanol, furfural and neophytadiene had direct influence on quality of aroma. Pseuaoinonone, benzaldehyde, 2-acetyl pyrrole and solanone had direct negative influence on concentration of aroma.%为确定影响香气质、香气量的中性致香成分的物质基础,采用偏相关分析、通径分析和逐步回归的分析方法,研究了烤烟香气质、香气量与中性致香成分的关系.结果表明,建立的香气质、香气量2个回归方程经显著性测验均达到极显著水平.烟叶中的18种中性致香成分对香气量、香气质直接影响各不相同.香气质受巨豆三烯酮3直接正面影响最大,而受巨豆三烯酮2直接负面影响最大;香气量受巨豆三烯酮2直接正面影响最大,而受巨豆三烯酮3直接负面影响最大.对香气质、香气量起直接正面影响作用的有巨豆三烯酮1、苯乙醇、糠醛以及新植二烯,对香气质、香气

  11. SWOT Analysis of Industrial Development of Double-low Rapeseed in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on SWOT analysis method,this paper conducts analysis on the industrial development environment of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province from the following four aspects,in order to crystallize its resources advantage and disadvantage and make it know the opportunities and challenges that it is faced by.First,advantage analysis:excellent geographic conditions,vigorous government support,powerful scientific research force,sound industrial system support;second,disadvantage analysis:poor quality,low-level fine and deep processing,scant publicity and promotion,lagged infrastructure conditions,shortage of effective market access mechanism and sound industry regulation,no brand effect;opportunity analysis:the opportunities brought by low-carbon economy,the opportunities brought by consumers’ preference,the opportunities brought by policy environment,the opportunities brought by establishment of strategic union;threat analysis:fierce external competition,continuous decline of comparative benefit.The results of research show that in order to promote industrial development of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province,we should implement brand effect strategy,quality management strategy and strategy of deepening industrial system,give full play to existing geographic advantage and other advantages,grasp scarce opportunities and actively confront challenges.

  12. Aggregate Indices Method in Soil Quality Evaluation Using the Relative Soil Quality Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ho Ngoc Pham

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a new approach to assess the soil quality by aggregate indices using the Relative Soil Quality Index (RSQI proposed by Ho Ngoc Pham. RSQI is integrated from the individual indices into a simple formula for overall assessment of the soil quality. RSQI is different from other approaches. Particularly, the individual indices and the weighting factors of Pham are calculated from the analytical laboratory data and the environmental standards, respectively, and not self-regulated as in methods of some other authors. In this paper, the authors applied the RSQI to assess the Soil Environmental Quality of rice intensive cultivation areas through a case study in Haiduong province in 2013. The RSQI is calculated for sampling points in 12 districts and simulated the Soil Environmental Quality on GIS map. The results show that the Soil Environmental Quality of rice intensive cultivation areas in Haiduong is predominantly divided into three levels: good, moderate, and poor. According to the report of General Statistics Office for Haiduong province, rice intensive cultivation areas in 2013 achieved a relatively high average rice yield of 5.90 tonnes per hectare; it means actual soil properties are in line with results of the research.

  13. Grey-relation Analysis of Traffic System and Urbanization in Jilin Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    It has been long believed there should be some relations between traffic system and urbanization, but the interaction between them, especially on the regional level, has been not in consideration due to the difficulty in quantitative analysis. Based on the development of Jilin Province during 1981-2003, the paper analyzed the relation with the grey-relation model which was adjusted to fit specific problem, and came to some conclusions. Firstly, there exists obvious and strong correlation between traffic system and urbanization. Secondly, urbanization responds to the development of traffic system mainly on the level of urbanization, such as population and developed area, however, less on urbanization quality. Thirdly, traffic system influences urbanization as a whole except for several peculiar factors,which means we should optimize the whole traffic system to promote urbanization. Based on those conclusions, the paper illustrated the mechanism of traffic system, promoting urbanization scale and urbanization quality.

  14. Hazelnut oil consumption of families in the central town of Ordu province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat SAYILI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a comparative analysis of consumption of edible oil of families in Central Town of OrduProvince. In addition, factor analysis was conducted on factors which affect the consumption of hazelnut oil. The data used in the study in January 2013 was a result of a survey conducted with 272 people. According to the survey, the most consumed oils, butter (71.32% and hazelnut oil (61.76%, which is the amount of total fatconsumption of 6.71 kg/month per family and 1.89 kg/month per person. Families with more than 5 littercontainers prefer buying oil. Hazelnut oil is thought to be healthy and of good quality too much is consumed by local people. As a result of factor analysis, three factors (image and highly attractive, odour and low weight, quality and health affecting hazelnut oil consumption has been collected under the title.

  15. The Path Analysis of Farmers’ Income Structure in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongtian; XIAO; Yu; CUI; Lijia; HU

    2015-01-01

    The problem of farmers’ income growth is the key of issues concerning agriculture,countryside and farmers,so the farmers’ income growth is the fundamental starting point for agricultural and rural economic development. In this paper,we use the statistics concerning farmers’ income in Yunnan Province from 1995 to 2012,to perform the path analysis of components of farmers’ income in Yunnan Province,study the path of influence of components of farmers’ income on farmers’ net income,and then set forth the policy recommendations for increasing farmers’ income in Yunnan Province.

  16. Strategic Ideas of Greenway Construction in Ecological Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUBinyi; XUWenhui

    2004-01-01

    This article grasps the implication of ecology based on the theory of greenway, With the purpose of making Zhejiang Province become an ecological province, it points out that the problems exist in the greenway construction and makes it clear that the greenway construction is very important. Furthermore, in combination with the linear green open spaces, such as greening passages, tourist areas, and administration facilities in Zhejiang Province, this article puts forward the strategic ideas of the greenways construction and the strategies, measures to apply the greenways construction.

  17. Afterschool Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Charles; Akiva, Tom; McGovern, Gina; Peck, Stephen C.

    2014-01-01

    This chapter discusses efforts to define and improve the quality of afterschool services, highlighting areas of agreement and identifying leading-edge issues. We conclude that the afterschool field is especially well positioned to deliver high-quality services and demonstrate effectiveness at scale because a strong foundation has been built for…

  18. LIFECYCLE QUALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birhanu Beshah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Effectiveness of quality management in the effort to satisfy customers' expectations has been questioned both by academicians and practitioners. In the course of the evolution of quality, very important theories have been developed in the field but failed to satisfy customers' expectation. The aim of this paper is to examine the challenge and develop a new method to address it. Following a literature review on the evolution of the concept of quality, confusions and limitations in the present paradigm are clarified. Then the future quality paradigm is proposed, and two practical cases are presented to substantiate the new approach. Quality management evolved from product inspection at the final stages of the production process. Basically, manufacturers take care of quality up to the point where a product is delivered to a customer. Product failure occurs due to various reasons after purchase. However, this happened or discovered during operational phase of the product which subsequently result in dissatisfaction for the users after purchase. To address this misalignment, all inclusive approach called Lifecycle Quality came into being as the future generation's paradigm. Misalignment between the manufacturer and the customer's desire in the operational phases of a product life - time leads to market loss to the former and dissatisfaction to the latter. Considering lifecycle quality of the product will definitely resolve the occurrence of such undesired outcomes affecting the two parties.

  19. Quality indicators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth-Andersen, Christian

    1991-01-01

    In recent literature it has been suggested that consumers need have no knowledge of product quality as a number of quality indicators (or signals) may be used as substitutes. Very little attention has been paid to the empirical verification of these studies. The present paper is devoted to the is......In recent literature it has been suggested that consumers need have no knowledge of product quality as a number of quality indicators (or signals) may be used as substitutes. Very little attention has been paid to the empirical verification of these studies. The present paper is devoted...... to the issue of how well these indicators perform, using market data provided by consumer magazines from 3 countries. The results strongly indicate that price is a poor quality indicator. The paper also presents some evidence which suggests that seller reputation and easily observable characteristics are also...... poor indicators...

  20. PREFAB QUALITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wraber, Ida Kristina

    quality of prefab wooden dwellings. This is done through a state of the art on architectural quality and a structuring of the presented theories into three theoretical clusters that are defined through three keywords each. These clusters and their keywords form a model for analysing architectural quality...... dwellings as well as testing and challenging the model for analysis of architectural quality as such. The second analysis should show the pros, cons and potential of building prefab wooden dwellings in Denmark in a wider sense, emphasising different methods of manufacturing and approaches to the degree......, technology and site (common abilities, needs, dreams, memories and associations), and it is proposed that the more layers and perspectives that are added to the discussion, the fuller the view of the architectural quality will get. In relation to building prefab wooden dwellings in a Danish context, two...

  1. Soil Enzyme Activities under Agroforestry Systems in Northern Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan Fuxu; Chen Ping

    2004-01-01

    The authors presented the enzyme characteristics of catalase, sucrase, urease and alkaline phosphatase under agroforestry systems in northern Jiangsu Province. The results show that soil enzyme activities reduce gradually from top to bottom layer of the soil profile, and the fluctuations of catalase and urease are smaller than those of sucrase and alkaline phosphatase. Soil enzyme activities differe significantly in different samples, and the order is arranged as poplar-crop intercropping segment (A, D) > paulownia-crop intercropping segment (B, C) > CK. Furthermore, soil enzyme activities increase with intercropping age. On the other hand, in the same plot, there are closer relationships between enzymes in the soil samples. Catalase, alkaline phosphatase and urease are negatively related, while alkaline phosphatase and urease are positively related (except in samples B and C). In addition, the enzyme activities have a close relationship with the fertilizers. Catalase is positively correlated with the soil pH value (r = 0.854, 0.804, 0.078 and 0.082, respectively), and is negatively correlated with total N (r = -0.201, -0.529, -0.221 and -0.821, respectively), total P (r = -0.143, -0.213, -0.362 and -0.751, respectively) and available P (r = -0.339, -0.351, -0.576, and -0.676, respectively). Sucrase, urease and alkaline phosphatase are negatively correlated with the pH value, while positively correlated with the other fertilizers (r ≈ 1). The authors suggest that enzyme activity will be a great potential as an indicator of soil quality.

  2. Induced Institutional Transition of Contract Farming in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the process of institutional transition of contract farming in Shandong Province. The changes in preparatory stage of contract farming express in: One, the information asymmetry of the two sides of the contract is reducing; Two, the security system of contract farming tends to be perfection; Three, the organizational form of contract farming tends to be simplification. The measures taken in production stage of agricultural product are as follows: The first is investment in means of production; The second is perfection of field management; The third is soundness of quality test. The measures taken in purchase stage of agricultural product are as follows: First, product is developing from preliminary working to intensive processing; Second, leading enterprises develop to large-scale and standard. The changes in profit distribution stage of contract farming are as follows: First, the profit relationship between enterprises and peasant households turns from opposition to mutual benefit. Second, the means of default issues turn from emotional self-discipline to rational self-discipline. Performance of contract farming is analyzed: First is putting forward the transformation of agricultural operational form; Second is reducing the uncertainty; Third is truly realizing the risk sharing and participation of interest. The defect of institutional transition of contract farming is discussed: First is no longer the operational form that benefits many farmers; Second is still the typically incomplete contract; Third is expansion of capability gap of business game between leading enterprises and farmers; Fourth is the still existence of information asymmetry; Fifth is informal institution falling behind formal institutional arrangement. The corresponding countermeasures are put forward: First is developing professional cooperation; Second is completing land circulation system; Third is constructing honest information system; Fourth is building social

  3. Analysis of the Quality of Hotel Rooms from Perspective of Customer Satisfaction Taking Taizhou City of Jiangsu Province as an Example%我国酒店客房卫生现状分析与对策--以江苏泰州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧; 朱发考; 缪勇战

    2015-01-01

    以泰州市星级酒店及连锁酒店为例,采用问卷调查和统计分析方法,研究客房卫生的顾客满意度。结果表明:客房整体满意度较高,却隐含较多不满意现象,客人并未直接使用毛巾和水杯,其满意度与客房卫生的整体满意度之间的差异有统计学意义。究其原因,主要是顾客认知、客房质量、监管不力等因素造成,据此提出建议。%By taking the star hotels and hotel chains as examples,questionnaire and statistical analysis are used to give a survey about customer satisfaction for the room hygiene. The results show that room satisfaction is higher on overall,but some dissatis-faction is implicated. For example,guests do not use the towels and cups of the hotels. It suggests that differences between the overall satisfaction of customer satisfaction and room sanitation have statistical significance. So the reasons are mainly caused by the customer cognition,room quality,the ineffective supervision and so on. Finally,a specific recommendation about how to im-prove the quality of guest rooms in hotels is given.

  4. The Relationship of Soil Major Nutrients and Output, Quality of JM22 in Northwest in Shandong Province%鲁西北地区土壤主要养分因子与济麦22产量和品质的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘淑云; 谷卫刚; 唐研; 封文杰; 刘延忠; 代兴龙; 朱建华

    2011-01-01

    摘要:在县域范围内,选取12个有代表性的试验点,分析了有机质、全氮、硝态氮、有效磷、速效钾与济麦22产量与品质的关系.结果表明:土壤氮素水平是决定济麦22能否获得高产的关键;土壤磷、钾肥水平是决定籽粒蛋白质品质的重要因素,籽粒湿面筋对土壤养分的需求与蛋白质类似,主要差异体现在对土壤硝态氮含量的需求上.在保证高产的条件下,磷钾的配合施用,尤其是钾肥的施用是济麦22获得优质的关键.本试验条件下,样点9的土壤肥力水平最值得推荐.%The 12 representative test points were selected in Lingxian County. The relations about organic matter, total nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, available phosphorus, quick-acting potassium and output, quality of JM22 were analyzed.The results showed that soil nitrogen levels contributed to output of JM22. The available phosphorus, quick-acting potassium levels were the major factors on effecting protein of JM22, the saline characteristic of kernel wet gluten was similar to the protein, but their saline characteristic of nitrate nitrogen were different. Under ensuring high conditions,potassium and phosphate fertilizing, especially the phosphate fertilizing were key to get high quality of JM22. The experimental condition, the soil fertility level of the sample 9 was most worth to recommend.

  5. Genetic Diversity of Agronomic and Quality Traits in Local Dragon Peanut Varieties (Arachis hypogaea var.hirsuta) of Henan Province%河南省龙生型花生农家品种农艺及品质性状的遗传分化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄冰艳; 张新友; 苗利娟; 董文召; 高伟; 臧秀旺; 汤丰收

    2012-01-01

    研究了河南省龙生型农家品种的农艺性状和蛋白质、脂肪含量等品质性状的变异规律,并进行了聚类分析.结果表明,河南省龙生型花生品种具有遗传多样性.河南省龙生型花生品种蛋白质和脂肪含量均属平均水平,但平均油酸含量高于平均水平.龙生型花生在中、小果型及单株荚果数、油酸含量方面性状表现突出,具有育种利用价值.南阳花生和柘城麻壳在低蛋白品种选育、东明集小花生及郏县三四粒在食用品质及抗病性方面具有利用潜力.%The variation of agronomic traits and quality traits in local varieties of Henan dragon peanut were investigated , and the cluster analysis was conducted. The result showed that the genetic diversity existed in local varieties of Henan dragon peanut. The protein content and oil content were among the average level,while oleic acid content was above the average. The dragon peanut varieties all belonged to medium or small pod size,and had more advantages in pod numbers per plant and oleic acid content, so they had the utility value in variety improvement. The two varieties of Nanyang and Zhecheng Make had the breeding value for low protein content improvement, while the other two varieties of Dongmingji and Jiaxian Sansili had the potential usage value for the improvement of edible quality and disease resistance.

  6. Prevalence of disordered eating and its impact on quality of life among a group of college students in a province of west Turkey Prevalencia de conductas alimentarias de riesgo y su impacto en la calidad de vida de un grupo de estudiantes universitarios en una provincia del oeste de Turquía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Tozun

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of disordered eating (DE among a group of college students and assess its impact on quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted between December 15th, 2008 and January 15th, 2009 at a Turkish University. Eating Attitudes Test-40 (EAT-40 was used to identify DE. Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL was assessed by Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36. RESULTS: The prevalence of DE was 6.8%. Presence of any physical defect (OR: 2.657, parents living separately (OR: 3.114, mothers having an education level of secondary school and over (OR: 2.583, and families not having social health insurance (OR: 2.603 were important risk factors (fOBJETIVO: Determinar la prevalencia de conductas alimentarias de riesgo (CAR entre un grupo de estudiantes universitarios, y evaluar su impacto en la calidad de vida. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Este estudio se realizó entre el 15 de diciembre de 2008 y enero de 2009 en una universidad turca. Se utilizó el Eating Attitudes Test-40 (EAT-40 para identificar CAR. La calidad de vida se evaluó por el estudio de resultados médicos Short Form-36. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de CAR fue de 6,8%. La presencia de: cualquier defecto físico (RM: 2,657, padres separados (RM: 3,ll4, madre con nivel de educación de escuela de secundaria o más (RM: 2,583, familia sin seguro social (RM: 2,603 fueron importantes factores de riesgo (p<0,05. CONCLUSIONES: La salud y calidad de vida de las personas con CAR fue peor. Se deben hacer exámenes periódicos para determinar casos de CAR.

  7. 云南省1194名接受HAART的艾滋病病人的生命质量测评及影响因素分析%Quality of life and related factors among 1 194 AIDS patients receiving HAART in Yunnan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓锋; 王启林; 杨霞

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨接受高效抗反转录病毒治疗(HAART)的艾滋病病人的生命质量及其影响因素.方法 采取典型抽样的方法,使用中文版SF 36量表和自编基本情况调查表,对研究对象进行横断面调查,应用Epi Data 3.1建立数据库,SPSS 12.0进行统计分析.结果 选择1个省级、2个州级、5个县级抗病毒治疗医院作为研究现场,选择在2009年4月以前在8个研究现场入组并接受抗病毒治疗的艾滋病病人作为研究对象.①1 194名调查对象,SF 36量表8个领域百分转换得分中,躯体功能(PF)得分最高(86.00±18.48),总健康(GH)得分最低(44.37±21.59),领域间得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).②女性病人的GH、肌体疼痛(BP)维度得分高于男性病人(P<0.05);不同年龄的病人在PF、GH 2个领域的得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),年龄小的病人PF、GH得分高于年龄大的病人;不同文化程度的病人的PF、生命力(VT)、情感角色(RE)、心理健康(MH)、BP得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),文化程度低的病人以上领域得分低于文化程度高的病人;不同婚姻状况的病人生命质量8个领域得分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),已婚病人生命质量好于未婚和离异/独居/分居病人;农村户籍的调查对象的PF、GH、社会功能(SF)3个维度得分明显高于城镇户籍的调查对象(P<0.05);不同职业的病人生命质量8个领域得分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),公职人员、个体从业人员的生命质量好于无业人员和农民.结论 性别、年龄、文化程度、婚姻状况、户籍、职业是影响高效抗反转录病毒治疗艾滋病病人生命质量的因素.%Objective To investigate the quality of life and related factors among AIDS patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy(H AART) . Methods One provincial-level , two prefecture-level and five county-level HAART hospitals were selected as research sites by

  8. SWOT Analysis of Vinegar Export of Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王业璇

    2012-01-01

      This article is based on the SWOT theory, and analyze the vinegar export situations of Shanxi province. Finding out the opportunities and challenges the vinegar plants confronts is this article’s main purpose.

  9. Evidences for a volcanic province in the Central Indian Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Iyer, S.D.; Sudhakar, M.

    Based on various lines of evidence such as the widespread occurrence of basalts, pumice, volcanic glass shards and their transformational products (zeolites, palagonites, and smectite-rich sediments), we suggest the presence of a volcanic province...

  10. Geologic Provinces of Southeast Asia, 2000 (prv3bl)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of Southeast Asia (Brunei, Indonesia,...

  11. Comparative Study on Property Income of Farmers in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Hong

    2012-01-01

    According to statistic data of Shaanxi Province during 1997 to 2010,I conducted a comparative analysis on farmers’ property income from region,urban and rural factors and structure,established regression model,and studied the relationship between farmers’ property income and gross income.Results show that the growth of average property income of farmers in Shaanxi Province is clearly slow,and the gap is widening from the average national level;except 2001 and 2002,the average property income of urban and rural residents of Shaanxi Province kept a great difference;the proportion of rural residents’ property income is very small,basically not higher than 3%;there is a significant correlation between the property income and gross income of farmers in Shaanxi Province.Energetically developing rural economy and increasing farmers’ property are favorable to growth of farmers’ property income.

  12. South America Province Boundaries, 1999 (prv6ag)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — South America is part of Region 6 (Central and South America) for the World Energy Assessment. South America was divided into 107 geologic provinces as background...

  13. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids, #1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  14. Alumina Producers in Shandong Province Allied to Win Negotiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Faced with the soaring bauxite price,five alu- mina producers in Shandong Province jointly established Shangdong Bauxite Import Compa- nies Club to gain a better position in price ne- gotiation with foreign counterparts by getting

  15. Geologic provinces of Iran, 2000 (prv2cg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set includes arcs, polygons, and polygon labels for geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by R.M. Pollastro based on numerous...

  16. STRATEGY OF MAIZE'S CONCENTRATING TO ADVANTAGE AREAS IN JILIN PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Hui-ming; GU Li-li

    2003-01-01

    Jilin Province is one of the main grain-producing provinces of China, which has dominant position in maize production, by the view of its advantages in policy, location, breed and market. And after entering WTO,some measures have been taken to enhance maize competitive ability. But there are some difficulties in concentrating production to maize advantaged areas. This paper expounds the basis that Jilin Province becomes the advantage area of maize, analyzes the problems and puts forward the supporting policy. Some strategic measures are proposed,as developing comparable advantages, carrying out the strategy of un-equilibrium development and cultivating advantaged product areas of maize to rapidly improve the international competitive ability and productivity of maize in Jilin Province, cast the agricultural predicament off and promote the agricultural development into a new stage.

  17. Geologic Provinces of the Far East, 2000 (prv3al)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the Far East (China, Mongolia, North and...

  18. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #3

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  19. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #2

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  20. Development Strategy of Sugarcane Industry in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yue-gui; WU Jian-tao; YANG Jun-xian; LI Qi-wei; XIE Jing; PAN Fang-yin; WU Wen-long; LIU Fu-ye; DENG Hai-hua; QI Yong-wen

    2012-01-01

    Guangdong Province is one of the main producing areas of sugarcane in China, and one of China’s three regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, having good basis and conditions for developing sugarcane industry. In this research, using the SWOT-AHP method, we set 20 assessment indicators (such as the regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, huge demand for domestic sugar, increased production costs and backward system of sugarcane), to analyze the development strategy of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, from strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of sugarcane industrial development in Guangdong Province. The results show that in order to promote the development of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, it is necessary to adopt the SO development strategy (relying on its own strengths and using favorable external environment), to achieve the rapid development.

  1. Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Permian Basin Province of West Texas and Southeast New Mexico, 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Cook, Troy A.; Pawlewicz, Mark J.; Klett, Timothy R.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Harry E.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently assessed the undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Permian Basin Province of west Texas and southeast New Mexico. The assessment was geology based and used the total petroleum system concept. The geologic elements of a total petroleum system are petroleum source rocks (quality, source rock maturation, generation, and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphy, petrophysical properties), and traps (trap formation and timing). This study assessed potential for technically recoverable resources in new field discoveries only; field growth (or reserve growth) of conventional oil and gas fields was not included. Using this methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 41 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas and a mean of 1.3 billion barrels of undiscovered oil in the Permian Basin Province.

  2. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta in the Opole Province (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stebel Adam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp. Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  3. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Peng, Ziyun; LI, Dantong; Rui CHEN; Qian, Min; Chen, Yiqi; YANG, Hongjun

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant, it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then, it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate, location and price advantages, but due to lack of product stan...

  4. Infertility in Mazandaran province - north of Iran: an etiological study

    OpenAIRE

    Nadali Musanejad; Gholamali Jursarayee; Ayyub Barzegarnejad; Sepideh Peivandi; Narges Moslemizadeh; Amir Esmailnejad Moghaddam; Abbasali Karimpour Malekshah

    2011-01-01

    Background: The prevalence and etiology of infertility are not similar in different parts of the world. There are only few reports of this topic in Iran. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the clinical patterns and major causes of infertility in Mazandaran province in north of Iran. Materials and Methods: The medical records of 3734 consecutive couples attending two infertility clinics in Mazandaran province, from 2003 to 2008, were reviewed. The couples had not had a viable bir...

  5. Developing Potential of Low-carbon Agriculture in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Hui; Li Cui-xia; Chen Yao; Fu Rao

    2012-01-01

    Based on the trace of origin and development process of low-carbon economy, the paper defined the concept of low- carbon agriculture. As a case, the development of low-carbon advantage and disadvantage of agriculture in Heilongjiang Province made a systematic analysis of factors; it based on the empirical and comparative analysis of low-carbon development in Heilongjiang Province and put forward countermeasures and suggestions of agriculture. At last, the low-carbon agriculture was prospected in the future.

  6. DEA Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Tang, Yao-yan; Cai, Dui

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of summarizing some literatures regarding research of agricultural production efficiency by using DEA at home, we conduct empirical analysis on agricultural production efficiency in 18 cities or counties of Hainan Province in the year 2002, 2005 and 2008 by using DEA model. The results show that in 2005 Hainan Province suffered from unusual drought and windstorm, which made the effective value of agricultural production in all cities or counties relatively low; the regions with D...

  7. Church Tourism in Batangas Province, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAYZEL ANN. T. DE CASTRO

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Church tourism has clearly increased over the past ten years. Churches are an important part of the tourism product of many parts of the country. This study aimed to determine the contribution of the churches in terms of social, cultural and economic aspects of the place, to identify the problems encountered in the promoting church tourism and propose plan of action to sustain the tourism of the Province of Batangas through churches. The researchers used the descriptive method of research and utilized self-made questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument of the study. The respondents were consisting of 5 people in the offices of the pilgrim churches from Batangas City and 10 churchgoers. The respondents agree that pilgrim churches contribute to tourism in terms of social and economics aspect while they strongly agree in term of cultural aspect. The most commonly experienced problems were the accessibility of the transportation and an action plan was proposed to address the problems encountered. The recommendation addressed that roving guards should be provided to ensure the safety and security of the tourists during their visit in the church. The church personnel may provide creative and command activities that will encourage people. Also they may have a briefing about the history of the church so that if visitor needs information it easy for them to answer and an action plan may be implemented to solve the problem encountered.

  8. Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna FLAIM

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The Trentino Province (Italy has more than 320 lakes diverse in size, geological substrate, altitude and trophic status, and representing most physico-chemical types of temperate lakes. A recent research project (SALTO offered the opportunity to study the dinoflagellate flora of 27 of these water bodies representing all lake types. In this paper 34 taxa of dinoflagellates assigned to eight genera (Ceratium, Glenodiniopsis, Glochidinium, Gymnodinium, Gyrodinium, Peridinium, Peridiniopsis and Tovellia in five families (Ceratiaceae, Glenodiniopsidaceae, Gymnodiniaceae, Peridiniaceae and Tovelliaceae and four genera of uncertain collocation (Baldinia, Borghiella, Durinskia and Staszicella are described. Two previously undescribed species and two new combinations are also included. Classification is based in part on Popovsk´y and Pfiester (1990, modified according to the results of recent molecular and ultrastructural analyses. Dinoflagellate taxonomy is currently undergoing extensive revision, and taxonomic decisions in the present article follow the recent orientations in dinoflagellate systematics. The taxonomical issues of the more problematic genera are discussed. Where appropriate, comments on ecological features of the species are also given.

  9. Survey of premarital pregnancy in seven provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    She, W

    1998-06-01

    This article provides data on premarital pregnancy by marriage cohort during 1946-91, and pregnancy outcomes (abortion or birth) in China. Data were obtained from the 1992 Premarital Pregnancy Survey conducted by the Population Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The sample includes 10,234 married women aged 20-44 years from 7 provinces and municipalities: Shanghai, Shandong, Guangdong, Jilin, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Ningxia. Premarital pregnancy increased steadily over time, especially during 1987-91. The trend was stable and consistent in rural areas. In urban areas, trends varied by cohort. Premarital pregnancy dipped substantially in the 1967-71 cohort, and somewhat in the 1957-61, 1977-81, and 1982-86 cohorts. Pregnancy outcomes in delivery of an infant rose on a stable basis over time, especially in rural areas. Abortion before marriage fluctuated widely by cohort. Abortions were particularly low in the 1967-71 cohort. Despite the lower premarital pregnancy level in 1957-61, abortion was relatively higher. Premarital pregnancy reflects cultural, social, political, and physiological contexts. The high abortion rate and the low premarital pregnancy rate were attributed to the famine in 1959-61 that swept across China. Low premarital pregnancy among the 1967-71 cohort is attributed to the strict moral standards adopted during the early part of the Cultural Revolution. A closer analysis of the 1957-61 cohort reveals that educational attainment is related to premarital pregnancy. Premarital pregnancy varies by residence and region. PMID:12293909

  10. ICT Strategic Planning for Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Shojaie

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Today, regarding rapid changes in the environment, any organization, institution or country that overlooks its capabilities, strengths and weaknesses, will face real challenges. Strategic planning in organizations is a common response to these challenges which also facilitate achieving goals in an organization. Today, the importance of ICT is increased, which necessitates ICT strategic planning to use ICT in organizations. So, this study aimed to propose ICT strategic plans for Mazandaran province. For this end, at first using stakeholders' viewpoints, the vision, mission and goals are provided. Then, Internal & External Matrix was suggested and identified factors were ranked using Analytic Network Processing (ANP. Then, concerning strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and using SWOT analysis, ICT strategies were provided. Finally, using QSPM matrix, the strategies were ranked. Regarding this ranking, dedicated budget to ICT in governmental organizations, using integration architecture, developing organizational and inter-organizational information systems, developing mechanisms to absorb national and local financial resources for extending ICT infrastructures and finally concerning ICT trainings for managers and people, were in the top of the list.

  11. Municipal solid waste management in Cartago province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia M. Soto-Córdoba

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper resumes the principals results obtained by the grant EUROPEAID/126635/M/ACT/CR”, that was realized by FUNDATEC, and whose bene­ficiary was the “Federación de Municipalidades de Cartago, Costa Rica”, the Project received a funding of 74,920 euros. We work with all the Municipalities of the Cartago Province. In addition, we show the results of the interviews of social actors, visits to the recycle sites, visits of municipalities, during the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, and the review of literature. We describe the actual situation of the management of solid waste in Cartago, determinate the gene­ration rates by person and identified the principal landfill disposes, the recycle companies and deter­minate the main problems associated with the solid waste. It is hope that the information presented here, pro­vides the basis for the future construction of plans of municipal solid waste management, and for the capacitation of community organization in the pro­vince of Cartago.

  12. Quality Standard of Essential Oil from D-linalool Cinnamomum porrectum (Roxb.) Kosterm Presl Leaves in Ji'an of Jiangxi Province%江西吉安右旋芳樟醇型黄樟鲜枝叶油的质量标准研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗忠生; 蒋志茵; 龙光远; 黄恒辉

    2014-01-01

    The essential oil in leaves of d-linalool Cinnamomum porrectum (Roxb.) Kosterm can be extracted by steam distillation. Control by its main component, samples of different woodland condition were analyzed by GC method and the formulation of quality standard can be sett, the d-linalool was more than 90%and the camphor was less than 1.5%.%用水蒸汽蒸馏提取d-芳樟醇型黄樟鲜枝叶油。用芳樟油对其进行主成分对照,并采用气相色谱测定不同立地条件的精油主成分,提出右旋芳樟醇型黄樟鲜枝叶油的质量标准建议,黄樟鲜枝叶油芳樟醇含量大于90%,樟脑含量小于1.5%。

  13. 不同酸度下外源铝对茶叶铝含量及品质的影响%Effects of aluminum from fertilization on qualities and aluminum contents of tea under different pH levels in South Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马小雪; 肖斌; 闫列娟; 索罗丹; 高婷; 肖霄

    2012-01-01

    【Objective】 The presented study aimed to show effects of Al concentrations and pH of soil and on tea qualities in local area.The best Al content and adding methods were determined to improve the tea qualities.【Method】 Using 'Shuyong 906' as test material,qualities and Al contents of tea leaves under different pH levels and different Al adding ways(adding in soil and spraying on tea leaves)were studied in pot experiments.The contents of Al,tea polyphenols,caffeine and free amino acids were measured.【Result】 Contents of Al and tea polyphenols were increased while the contents of caffeine and free amino acids decreased when Al was applied in soil under the same pH level.Contents of caffeine and amino acid reached to highest when 2.5 and 5.0 g/L Al were applied by spraying on leaf surface,respectively.When 0.5 g/kg Al fertilizers were applied in soil,contents of amino acid,tea polyphone and caffeine reached the highest level.The more S was added at fixed Al level,the less contents of amino acid,tea polyphenols and caffeine were measured.【Conclusion】 When Al added in soil was 0.5 g/kg,tea quality reached the best.The contents of caffeine and amino acid were the highest when spraying dosages on leaves were 2.5 g/L and 5.0 g/L,respectively.%【目的】研究土壤pH值及铝含量对茶叶铝含量及茶叶品质的影响,初步确定可改善茶叶品质的施铝量和施铝方法。【方法】以"蜀永906"为试材,采用盆栽试验,通过根施和喷施2种方法(根施铝量分别为0,0.5,1.0,和2.0g/kg,叶面喷施铝质量浓度设为0,2.5,5.0和10.0g/L)加入不同浓度梯度外源铝,并加入硫磺(0,0.32,0.64g/kg)调节土壤酸度,测定茶叶中铝含量及茶多酚、咖啡碱、氨基酸的质量分数。【结果】在同一酸度下,根施外源铝可不同程度提高茶叶中铝含量与茶多酚的质量分数,并可降低茶叶中咖啡碱和氨基酸的质量分数;同时当叶面喷施外源铝质量浓度分别为2

  14. 功能区环境噪声质量变化及对策--以义县城区为例%Analysis of Noise Quality Changes of Functinal Areaand the Strategies-A case study of YiCounty,Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯芳

    2014-01-01

    指出了随着义县经济快速发展,人口密度日益增加,环境噪声现状不断增加。控制噪声污染已成为当务之急。依据2009~2013年获取的功能区噪声监测数据,分析了义县城区功能区声环境质量状况及变化趋势,为环境管理提出了相应的对策。%with the rapid development of Yi County'seconomy ,itspopulation density is increasing andenviron-mental noise condition continuouslychanges .Therefore ,it is urgent to control the noise pollution as people's environmental consciousness increases ceaselessly today .Based on the noise monitoring data of the functional area of Yi County from2009 to 2013 ,this articleanalyzes theenvironmental noise quality and functional chan-ges trendand provides the countermeasures for environmental management .

  15. A study on relationship between quality of life and employee performance

    OpenAIRE

    Marziyeh Pourbagher; Ali Akbar Bani; Mehdi Salehi; Somayyeh Iri; Saeid Sedaghat

    2014-01-01

    This paper studies the relationship between quality of life and its eight components with employee performance in general directorate of youth and sport in province of Golestan, Iran. The study uses a questionnaire developed by Walton (1974) [Walton, R. E. (1974). Improving quality of work life. Harvard Business Review, 52(3), 12.] for quality of life and a standard questionnaire named ACHIEVE consists of 25 questions for measuring the performance. Using Spearman correlation test, the study h...

  16. ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH ISO 9001 FOOD INDUSTRY IN ENTERPRISES

    OpenAIRE

    Zając, Stanisław; Gniady, Justyna; Skudlarski, Jacek; Izdebski, Waldemar

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality management according to ISO 9001 in enterprises of the food industry in the province Podkarpackie. Quality management in the food industry is closely associated with compliance with food hygiene rules set. This is to ensure the safety of its products and the protection of consumer health by ensuring proper functioning of the company and the high level of quality products and services. The study shows that the most important reason that encourag...

  17. Spatio-Temporal Trends and Identification of Correlated Variables with Water Quality for Drinking-Water Reservoirs

    OpenAIRE

    Qing Gu; Ke Wang; Jiadan Li; Ligang Ma; Jinsong Deng; Kefeng Zheng; Xiaobin Zhang; Li Sheng

    2015-01-01

    It is widely accepted that characterizing the spatio-temporal trends of water quality parameters and identifying correlated variables with water quality are indispensable for the management and protection of water resources. In this study, cluster analysis was used to classify 56 typical drinking water reservoirs in Zhejiang Province into three groups representing different water quality levels, using data of four water quality parameters for the period 2006–2010. Then, the spatio-temporal tr...

  18. The Teles Pires volcanic province: A paleogeoproterozoic silicic-dominated large igneous province in southwest Amazon craton and tectonic implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are important features of the Earth history especially recognized during Paleo to Mezosoic times when they are related to the break up of supercontinents (Coffin and Eldhom, 1994). These provinces occur in several different tectonic settings such as volcanic passive margins, submarine ridges and continental and oceanic plateaux. Mafic-dominanted provinces are the most well known among the LIPs and the best examples are the Karoo, Kerguelem and Ontong-Java. LIPs including an important silicic component have been described in some basaltic provinces of southern Africa (Milner et al. 1992). More recently, silicic-dominated LIPs have been recognized in eastern Australia (Bryan et al., 2000), in southern South America (Pankhurst et al. 1998) and in Antartica Penninsula (Riley and Leat, 1999). The common characteristics of this kind of LIP include: 1) large volume of silicic rocks with dominance of ignimbrites, 2) active over 40 to 50 m.y.; and 3) spatially and temporally associated with plate break up. In this paper we present the main geologic and geochronologic characteristics of the Teles Pires volcanic province from southwest Amazon Craton, which allow its classification as a Paleoprotorozoic silicic-dominated LIP. Geologic implications of this suggestion includes the existence of a large cratonic plate as old as 1.81Ga for the Amazon Craton, therefore the proposed 1.85-1.55 Ga magmatic arc of Rio Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed (au)

  19. Measuring service quality of online banking in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yitian

    2013-01-01

    Objectives of study: The objective of this thesis is to develop a multiple item scale for measuring service quality of online banking in Bozhou City, Anhui Province, China. Briefly speaking, the first theoretical objective of this study is to discuss concept e-service quality as well as related e-service quality models, especially E-S-QUAL/E-RecS-QUAL (Parasuraman et al. 2005).The second objective is to define and establish one suitable multiple e-service item scale for China with the h...

  20. Epidemiological analysis of traffic accident trauma in Gansu province in 1996

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张向东; 代荫梅

    1999-01-01

    Objective To analyze the epidemiologic data of traffic trauma in Gansu province in 1996 and try to find effective ways to reduce the injury.Methods The data were gathered from the General Team o the Traffic Police of Gansu Province and analyzed together with other related data.Results Although the traffic accidents in Gansu province were reduced in last two years as a result of traffic safety education,the number of casuatlties has not been evidently reduced.The number of deaths caused by traffic accidents was 983 in 1996.The main causes of these deaths were the negligence of the drivers,carelessness of the pedestrians and the bike riders,the sudden breakdown of the machine parts of the vehicles,and non-licensed driving.Among the number of deaths 69 percent was caused by violation of traffic regulations by drivers.Most of the death accidents happened at straight roads and road-crosses.The percentage was 64% and 11%,respectively.The most of deaths,about 81%,took place in sunny days.The main reason was due to the careless and exceeding-speed-limit driving.The young and middle aged were about 77% of the dead,most likely because they are the dominant group in daily work and life.Conclusions To strengthen the propaganda of traffic regulations,improve driver's moral qualities and raise the management level are very important for reducing traffic accidents.Correct and timely first aid before being hospitalized can also greatly reduce the mortality.

  1. Flora of soil fungi in Khuzestan province\\\\\\'s oil regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    vida dawoodi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available   Introduction: Many Species of fungi with ability to metabolize of petroleum hydrocarbons are known so far. These fungi are resistant in oil contaminated sites.This investigation aims at studying fungal population diversity in oil contaminated soils of Khuzestan province and identifying fungal flora in these regions .   Materials and methods: Crude oil contaminated soil samples were collected from different regions of Khuzestan province. For isolation and enumeration of total heterotrophic fungi, Potato Dextrose Agar medium supplemented with streptomycine was used. The isolated fungi were identified via morphological studies, staining by lactophenol cotton blue, observation with a light microscope and comparing with descriptive and canonizative refereces .   Results: Total fungal counts ranged from 0.41 × 102 to 3333.33 × 102 CFU/g. Isolated fungi belong to Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Candida, Rhodotorula, Aureobasidium, Mucor, Rhizopus and Acremonium. Most dominant genera were Aspergillus and Penicillium .   Discussion and conclusion : Studies on isolation of fungi in oil containing environments showed that, abundance and fungal diversity in different stations significantly were different. The increase in the number of fungi in crude oil soils showes the probability of degradation and consumption of oil contaminated by fungi. Diversity and distribution of soil microbial population are determined by a number of environmental factors such as pH, electrical conductivity and soil organic matter .  

  2. Quality Management, Quality Assurance and Quality Control in Blood Establishments

    OpenAIRE

    Bolbate, N

    2008-01-01

    Quality terms and the roots of the matter are analyzed according to European Committee’s recommendations. Essence of process and product quality control as well as essence of quality assurance is described. Quality system’s structure including quality control, quality assurance and management is justified in the article.

  3. Using ADMS models for Air Quality Assessment and Management in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Christine McHugh; Sheng Xiangyu; David Carruthers

    2005-01-01

    ADMS-Urban is the most widely used advanced dispersion model for urban areas, being used extensively in China and worldwide, providing a practical tool for assessing and managing urban air quality. In this paper we briefly describe the ADMS dispersion models and give an overview of their use in China. And it describes in more detail the use of ADMS-Urban in Fushun in Liaoning province and in Jinan in Shangdong province respectively, for studies of urban air quality. Finally the conclusions are presented.

  4. 脑瘫儿童生存质量评价量表的修订与试用%Primary Application and Revision of Cerebral Palsy Quality of Life Questionnaire for Children (CP QOL-Child) for Children with CP in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳平; 张洪才; 郭新志; 曲成毅

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To import in and revise the cerebral palsy quality of life questionnaire for children (CP-QOL-child), and to provide the basic evidence for the evaluation of quality of life of children with cerebral palsy and for the evaluation of the rehabilitation effect. Methods: The questionnaire was translated exactly and revised on the basis of the Chinese basic condition. Twenty-seven children with cerebral palsy (4-9 years old) in Shanxi rehabilitation hospital for cerebral palsy were analyzed. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested by Cronbach's alpha coefficient and half-split coefficient. The validity of the questionnaire was tested by the relation coefficient of areas with the items and of areas each other. The data were inputted and analyze by SPSS. 13.0. Results: The cronbach's alpha coefficient of the questionnaire revised was 0. 916. The cronbach's alpha coefficient of every area was 0. 759-0. 889. The half-split coefficient of the questionnaire revised was 0. 690. The half-split coefficient of every area was 0. 667-0. 899. The relation coefficient of areas with the items was 0. 452-0. 888. The relation coefficient of areas with each other was 0.18-0. 62. The score of social wellbeing and acceptance was 71.06± 12.59. The score of functioning was 59.76±14.28. The score of participation and physical health was 62.64±13.34. The score of emotion wellbeing and self esteem was 65. 12±17.30. The score of participation and physical health with access for services was 49. 70± 15. 18. The score of pain and impact of disability was 63. 60 ±21.24. The score of family health was 46. 64±19.30. Conclusion: The revised native CP QOL-child has better satisfactory validities and reliabilities. The score of areas of social wellbeing and acceptance, functioning and family health of children with cerebral palsy in Shanxi rehabilitation hospital for cerebral palsy is lower.%目的:引进并修订脑瘫儿童生存质量评价量表(CP QOL-Child),为分析和

  5. Municipal solid waste management in Kurdistan Province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abduli, Mohammad Ali; Nasrabadi, Touraj

    2007-03-01

    Kurdistan Province, with an area of 28,203 square kilometers, is located in a mountainous area in the western part of Iran. From 1967 to 1997, the urban population in the major eight cities of the Kurdistan Province-namely, Baneh, Bijar, Divan Darreh, Saghez, Sanandaj, Ghorveh, Kamyaran, and Marivan-increased from 102,250 to 705,715. The proportion of the population residing in urban areas increased 90 percent during this period. In most of the cities, solid waste handling remains primitive, and well-organized procedures for it have not been established. Traditional methods of disposal, with marginal inclusion of modern conveniences, appear to be the common practice. In general, the shortcomings of the prevailing practices can be summarized as follows: The municipal solid waste management systems (MSWMSs) in this province include unsegregated collection and open dumping of municipal solid wastes. Separation of municipal solid waste in this province is in the hands of scavengers. The MSWMSs in this province lack essential infrastructure. Thus, design and implementation of modern MSWMSs in this province are essential. Principal criteria for and methods of implementing these systems are as follows: (1) rationally evaluating all functional elements so that they operate in a steady-state or equilibrium manner; (2) creating all support elements for the MSWMS in each city; (3) introducing gradual privatization of MSWMS activities; (4) creating guidelines, regulations, and instructions for all elements of MSWMSs; and (5) giving priorities to source separation and recycling programs. This paper reviews the present status of MSWMSs in eight major cities of Kurdistan Province and outlines the principle guidelines and alternatives for MSWMSs. PMID:17390903

  6. Edible Macrofungi of Çorum Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan Alkan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the scientists, the world's population by 2050 is estimated to exceed 9 billion, in order to meet the nutritional needs of people, it is expected that in the future to need more food production than today. Therefore in the world, food organizations, institutions and communities various action plans provide in the reports published. In these plans, diversification of the production, fast, quick and easy way to produce food, less harmful farming practices to the nature and the environment, and etc. topics are included. In line these plans with last years, the greater the number of species used as food and with ease of cultivation, mushrooms and mushroom cultivations are gaining importance. For this purpose, the determination of the diversity of edible mushrooms in nature and investigation that how can be taken to culture, it will also provide support to the production of different species of mushrooms. In the field studies performed between 2011 and 2013, after taking pictures on their habitats mushroom samples, collected within the Çorum province limits, were brought to the laboratory wrapped in aluminum foil properly. After measuring and studying on special structures under a microscope in the laboratory, they were identified according to the literature. Fungarium tag were prepared for identified mushrooms. These mushrooms, made into the Fungarium materials, were stored in Fungarium of the Directorate of Mushroom Application and Research Centre of Selçuk University. In conclusion, according to the literature four taxa belong to Ascomycota and 52 taxa belong to Basidiomycota, in totally of 56 taxa were found to be edible feature. These 56 taxa were represented by two divisio, four ordo and 14 families. The localities of identified species in the provincial boundaries are given. The names of species known among people with ethno mycological research, done during field studies, also were detected.

  7. 甘肃徽县水阳江铅锌污染段纤毛虫群落特征及对水质的评价%Community Characteristics of Ciliates and Water Quality Assessment in the Pb-Zn-Contaminated Section of the Shuiyangjiang River in Huixian County,Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马正学; 贺鹏辉; 杨镇; 宁应之

    2009-01-01

    2006年10月至2008年5月,在甘肃徽县水阳江铅锌污染段选择4个样点,分别在3个水期采集水样,研究了纤毛虫物种多样性及群落结构.共鉴定到纤毛虫52种,隶属于3纲12目29科33属.利用纤毛虫群落特征指标对水阳江铅锌污染段的水质进行了初步评价.综合评价结果显示,4个样点受污染程度为县城>厂区>牟坝>对照,污染级别为中度至重度.初步筛选出瓜形膜袋虫(Cyclidium citrullus)、尾草履虫(Paramoecium caudatum)、薄漫游虫(Litonotus lamella)作为铅锌污染水体的指示物种.%Species diversity and community structure of ciliates in the Pb-Zn-Contaminated section of the Shuiyangjiang River were studied during the period from October 2006 to May 2008,using water samples collected from 4 sampling sites in that section in 3 different periods.In the water samples,52 species of ciliates,sorted into 3 classes,12 orders,29 family and 33 genus,were identified,based on which water quality of that section of the Shuiyangjiang River was preliminarily evaluated.Results show that pollution of the water varied in degree between the four sampling sites in the section,following a decreasing order of Xiancheng>Changqu>Muba>Duizhao,from severe to moderate.Ciliates of Cyclidium citrullus,Paramecium caudatum,and Litonotus lamella were screened out to be indicators of Pb-Zn-contamination of water bodies.

  8. Comparative Research on the Rural Development Levels of 31 Provinces and Regions in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the 2010 China Statistical Yearbook,a total of 12 indicators in the aspects of residents’ production,consumption expenditure,and living conditions are selected in order to construct the indicator system of rural development level.Both factor analysis and cluster analysis methods are adopted to compare the current situations of rural development levels in 31 provinces and regions of China.Result of factor analysis shows that the 12 indicators can be classified into 4 factors,such as the income and expenditure factor,the agricultural scale and science and technology factor,the life quality factor,and the agricultural output factor.Moreover,factors affecting the rural development level of China are analyzed.Then,the 31 provinces and regions are divided into 4 categories according to the development levels in rural areas:the first category is Shanghai,Beijing and Zhejiang,which have the highest development level in rural areas;the second category includes Jiangsu,Shandong and Tianjin,which take the 4th to 6th places;the third category is Guangdong,Jilin,Liaoning,Hebei,Fujian,Heilongjiang,Henan,Inner Mongolia,Anhui,Hubei,Hunan and Jiangxi,which rank the 7th-18th;and the fourth category includes Sichuan,Hainan,Ningxia,Shanxi,Guangxi,Shanxi,Xinjiang,Chongqing,Tibet,Yunnan,Gansu,Qinghai and Guizhou,taking the 19th-31st places.

  9. The Research on Countermeasures of Green Agricultural Development in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Firstly,the thesis introduces the connotation of green agriculture,indicating that the green agriculture has 4 characteristics,namely openness,continuity,high efficiency and standardization,compared with the traditional agricultural development model.Secondly,the advantages of developing green agriculture in Jiangsu Province are discussed,namely rich agricultural resources,notable technological advantage,solid agricultural foundation,high quality of agricultural products,great market prospect of green consumption,and notable policy advantage.In view of the increasing shortage of natural resources,increasing restriction of rural labor force,increasing deterioration of rural environment,inadequate popularization of green agriculture,and fierce competition at home and abroad,the restricted factors of developing green agriculture in Jiangsu Province are introduced.Finally,in view of the agricultural concept innovation,green agricultural system innovation,agricultural technology innovation,agricultural management innovation,operation system innovation,ecological system innovation,development of tourism agriculture and regional differentiation development strategy,the relevant countermeasures and suggestions are put forward,in order to explore a new agricultural development model for Jiangsu’s modern agricultural development.

  10. Is there a possibility of ranking benthic quality assessment indices to select the most responsive to different human pressures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Ángel; Marín, Sandra L; Muxika, Iñigo; Pino, Loreto; Rodríguez, José G

    2015-08-15

    Although a plethora of benthic indices exist, there is no agreement on what index or indices should be used by environmental managers to establish benthic quality. The objective of this investigation was to rank 35 benthic quality assessment indices used in different countries to evaluate the impact produced by 15 different human pressures (including multipressure, aquaculture, sewage discharges, eutrophication, physical alteration, chemical pollution, climate change, etc.). The ranking was determined by taking into account the coverage area of biogeographical provinces, number of citations testing a pressure and number of citations with significant correlation with pressure. We analysed 363 references, of which 169 showed quantitative data. Over a potential total score of 100, the highest values were obtained by the following indices: (i) AZTI's Marine Biotic Index (AMBI), which scored 77, tested by using 14 pressures in 14 provinces from the Arctic to tropical seas; (ii) multivariate AMBI (M-AMBI), which scored 74, tested with 12 pressures in 13 provinces; (iii) Bentix (BENTIX), which scored 68, tested with nine pressures in six provinces; (iv) Benthic Quality Index (BQI), which scored 66, tested with five pressures in seven provinces; and (v) Benthic Opportunistic Polychaetes Amphipods (BOPA) index, which scored 62, tested with eight pressures in six provinces.

  11. Spatial distribution of cancer in Kohgilooyeh and Boyerahmad province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Fararouei

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spatial distribution of cancer is one of the powerful tools in epidemiology of cancer. The present study is designed to understand the geographical distribution of most frequent types of cancer in K&B province. Methods: All registered cases of cancer are reviewed and duplicate cases were removed. The data was analyzed using Arcgis software. Results: Of all registered cases, 1273  remained for analysis of which 57% were residences of urban areas. Cities including  Sisakht, Yasuj and Dehdsasht were shown to have highest incidence rates among the Urban areas. Dena, Sepidar and Kohmare Khaleghi had the highest rates among the rural areas in the province. Skin cancer was the most common type of cancer which had the highest rates of incidence in Sisakht and Dehdasht and Dena and Sepidar among urban and rural areas respectively. Conclusion: The distribution of cancer was not even in the province. Attitude and consumption of wild and regional plants are introduced as the potential risk factors for such a spatial distribution of the common cancers I the province. The results of this study could be used for further analytical studies to understand the regional etiology of cancer in the province.

  12. Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

    1988-08-01

    According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

  13. Urbanization of Jilin Province and Its Spatial Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Bo; GUO Qinghai; Dou Sen

    2006-01-01

    Urbanization is a crucial criterion of assessing a nation's or a particular region's level of modernization. It has been accelerated all over the world in the 21th century. The main purpose of this research is to provide a strategy of spatial pattern ofurbanization for rural areas in Jilin Province based on the reality of economic development in Jilin and the imbalance of natural resources distribution. The strategy divides the nine central cities of Jilin Province into three economic circles. The outer economic circle, open circle, includes Yanbian, Baishan, Tonghua and Baicheng, covering the eastern and western parts of Jilin Province. The middle one includes Jilin, Liaoyuan, Siping and Songyuan. The inner one, centring as Changchun, includes Gongzhuling, Yitong, Nong'an, Jiutai and Dehui. It needs to centre as Changchun which has the good foundation of economic development and more economic increase, then by economic effect extending out gradually, other areas develop subsequently. To construct Jilin as a green ecological province, cultivation in the outer circle should be controlled, with the main aim to recover grassland. Large population should be moved to other places by developing labor economy. From economy and ecology, to decrease the load of the land can reduce the loss of the resources and benefit the balance of ecology. Subsequently, the whole province's economy will be developed sustainably.

  14. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  15. 浙江省城市噪声污染现状及对策研究%Current Situation and Countermeasures of Urban Noise Pollution in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜婷

    2014-01-01

    Urban noise monitoring results during the 10 years 2004-2013 is based in Zhejiang Province, analyze changes in environmental quality status of urban noise, Zhejiang Province, elaborate on the hazards of noise pollution, and the corresponding countermeasures to enhance the quality of the urban environment to improve human Habitat suggestions.%文章以浙江省2004-2013年10年间城市噪声监测结果为依据,分析浙江省城市噪声环境质量变化现状,就噪声污染的危害进行阐述,并提出相应的对策措施,为提升城市环境质量改善人居环境建言献策。

  16. 多分辨率遥感土地覆被数据质量综合评价 ——以湖南省桃源县为例%Quality Assessment of Multi-resolution Remote Sensing Land Cover Data:A Case Study in Taoyuan County of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许光明; 杨雅萍; 杨飞; 荆文龙; 常中兵

    2016-01-01

    The quality assessment of remote sensing land cover data is the premise and guarantee of using it reasonably, and it's helpful to improve remote sensing mapping methods. In this study, the 1:100000 land use data of Taoyuan county in 2010 was used as the reference data to validate four different resolution land cover data: RapidEye_5 m, FROM_GLC (30 m), GlobCover2009 (300 m) and MODIS_V005 (500 m). We evaluated the four different resolution land cover data from three aspects, including area relevance and consistency, spatial consistency, and window analysis based on the conversion of classification systems. The results show that:the overall accuracy of RapidEye_5 m data is the highest, MODIS_V005 and FROM_GLC are intermediate, and Glob-Cover2009 data is relatively lower. The land cover data with higher resolution have a certain superiority for classifications of resi-dence, transportation land, water and other fine material, and the area relevance and the overall consistency of primary types is high-er than secondary types. Producer accuracy and user accuracy of the four types of land cover data in crop land, woodland and water is better, while in the construction land and other unused land is lower. Moreover, the spatial consistency of FROM_GLC and MO-DIS_V005 data is poor in the shrub grassland. The spatial consistency of the four different resolution land cover data is better in the flat areas. Confusion occurred mainly among shrub grassland, woodland and crop land. With the increase of resolution for land cov-er data, more and more land cover types can be distinguished. The number of land cover types separated from RapidEye_5 m and FROM_GLC (30 m) land cover data focuses on the range of 7-16, in contrast, data with lower resolution focuses on the range of 1-5. Furthermore, data with higher resolution are better to distinguish the grand objects in hilly and mountainous areas.%评价土地覆被数据质量是正确、合理使用数据的前提和保障,有助

  17. Epidemiology of cancer in Mazandaran province 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faezeh Norouzi Nejad1

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 11 April, 2009 ; Accepted 8 July, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: Cancer is the second most common cause of death in developed countries and third in less developed countries. The incidence of the different histological types of cancer varies greatly between various populations and is attributed to occupational, social, cultural, racial, and geographic influences. The objective of this study was to determine and register all cases of cancer among population of Mazandaran province, during the year of .Materials and methods: Characteristics of all registered malignancies were obtained from records in histopathology and radiology clinical, hospitals and deaths certificated in Mazandaran using the International Classification of Disease (ICD, with data being analyzed using ASR, Excel and spss soft ware.Results: A total of . patients with cancers were found during this study. These, .. were males and . (.% females. Age standardized rate (ASR for all cancers in males and females were 1. and . Respectively. The most common malignancies among females were breast (. skin (., colon and rectum cancers (..In men, stomach (42.41, skin (. and esophagus (. were the most common cancers respectively. Infiltrating duct carcinoma, was the most common histopathological types of tumors (69. in breast cancer. The most common morphology in stomach cancer was adenocarcinoma, (..Conclusion: Distribution of malignant disorders in our population is different from other regions. Therefore, it appears necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention. Consequently, it is necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention and control of this problem.Key words: J Mazand Univ Med

  18. Analysis on the Employment of Landless Farmers during the Reconstruction of Urban Village: A Case Study of S Village in Shaanxi Province

    OpenAIRE

    WANG Hua; Xie, Yanjie

    2015-01-01

    The re-employment of landless farmers in reconstruction of urban village is an important way to solve the problems concerning farmers. In S Village of Shaanxi Province, the landless farmers are facing the employment problems such as low re-employment rate and quality, lack of employment competitiveness, and weak employment willingness. This paper analyzes the main factors influencing the employment of landless farmers in this urban village such as local government's lack of overall design on ...

  19. The availability of recreation policies and strategies for the provision of recreation service delivery in the North West Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Mogajane, V.S.; Meyer, C.; Monyeki, M.A.; Toriola, A. L.; Amusa, L.O.

    2014-01-01

    The promotion of recreation and leisure through coherent strategies and policy development is a significant move towards changing the quality lives of communities. The unavailability of recreation strategies and policies are associated with negative effect on the delivery of recreation services. The purpose of the study was therefore, to determine the availability of recreation strategies and policies in for the provision of recreation service delivery in North-West Province, South Africa. A ...

  20. Health Technology Assessment of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueze Liu; Jianwen Cao; Zuxun Lu

    2004-01-01

    Assess the current status of MRI in Shanxi province by health technology assessment method to provide suggestion and guidelines for future government decisions on the procurement and installation of new high-tech medical equipments. All of the 21 hospitals installed MRIs were surveyed.The results showed that 1 ) Diffusion of MRI is consistent with the economic development in different regional districts and hospital levels in Shanxi province. 2) There are better monetary returns of MRI in higher level hospitals than lower level hospitals. 3) Most MRIs in Shanxi province had been running at a loss, and the first class tertiary level hospitals had been making profit from providing MRI services to patients. 4) Better cost-benefit accorded with higher hospital level, more patients serviced etc. 5 ) The biggest investment risk is the initial purchase and installation of MRI. 6) Positive rates and veracity of MRI diagnosis were higher. 7) MRI is a safe equipment.

  1. Empirical Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the agricultural production efficiency of all cities and areas in Shaanxi Province in the period 2006-2009 using data envelopment analysis method,and compares the agricultural production efficiency between all cities and areas.The results show that the agricultural production efficiency and scale efficiency of agriculture of Shaanxi Province are high on the whole,but the efficiency of agricultural technology is very low,agricultural development still relies on factor inputs,and the driving role of technological progress is not conspicuous.Finally the following countermeasures are put forward to promote agricultural productivity in Shaanxi Province:improve the construction of agricultural infrastructure,and increase agricultural input;accelerate the project of extending agricultural technology into households,and promote the conversion and use rate of agricultural scientific and technological achievements;establish and improve industrial system of agriculture,and speed up the building of various agricultural cooperative economic organizations.

  2. A Low-Li Geochemical Province in the NE Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bailey, J. C.; Gwozdz, R.

    1978-01-01

    , over 20° of latitude and regardless of basalt type and chemistry. This low-Li province and the increasing Li contents of ocean-ridge tholeiites into the S Atlantic are believed to monitor Li heterogeneity in the underlying mantle. Li, like Na, increases gently during the differentiation of several......Lithium was analysed in 392 basalts and related igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Tertiary-Recent province using activation analysis and Čerenkov counting. Monotonous Li values of 5.5±2 ppm in NE Atlantic basalts define a low-Li geochemical province which has persisted for 60 million years...... basalt series. No whole-rock coherence is observed between Li and Mg, K, Rb or Ca. Mantle phlogopite is considered to play an insignificant rôle in controlling the Li levels of NE Atlantic basalts....

  3. The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Majka

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

  4. Household food security and hunger in rural and urban communities in the Free State Province, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Corinna M; van Rooyen, Francois C

    2015-01-01

    Household food security impacts heavily on quality of life. We determined factors associated with food insecurity in 886 households in rural and urban Free State Province, South Africa. Significantly more urban than rural households reported current food shortage (81% and 47%, respectively). Predictors of food security included vegetable production in rural areas and keeping food for future use in urban households. Microwave oven ownership was negatively associated with food insecurity in urban households and using a primus or paraffin stove positively associated with food insecurity in rural households. Interventions to improve food availability and access should be emphasized.

  5. Analysis of Factors Influencing Farmers’ Participation in Forest Farmers Cooperatives Based on Empirical Research of Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenyi; HUANG; Lanying; LI; Hongwei; TONG; Fei; WANG; Xueqin; CHEN

    2013-01-01

    Based on field research data of farmers in Zhejiang Province, the authors analyzed factors influencing farmers’ participation in forest farmers cooperatives (hereafter referred to as FFCs) by the binary logistic regression model. Results show that understanding of farmers about cooperatives has a great influence on their behavior of participation in FFCs. Besides, educational level of householders and existing member scale of cooperatives also have significant influence on farmers’ behavior of participation in cooperatives. Therefore, it is required to strengthen propaganda of cooperatives, deepen their understanding of cooperatives; cultivate new high quality farmers to provide talents for development of cooperatives; establish incentive mechanism to encourage farmers to participate in cooperatives.

  6. Risk factors for bovine mastitis in the Central Province of Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunawardana, Suraj; Thilakarathne, Dulari; Abegunawardana, Indra S; Abeynayake, Preeni; Robertson, Colin; Stephen, Craig

    2014-10-01

    A study of the risk factors associated with mastitis in Sri Lankan dairy cattle was conducted to inform risk reduction activities to improve the quality and quantity of milk production and dairy farmer income. A cross-sectional survey of randomly selected dairy farms was undertaken to investigate 12 cow and 39 herd level and management risk factors in the Central Province. The farm level prevalence of mastitis (clinical and subclinical) was 48 %, similar to what has been found elsewhere in South and Southeast Asia. Five cow level variables, three herd level variables, and eight management variables remained significant (p management techniques, but implementation of mastitis control programs as a technical approach is likely to be insufficient to achieve sustainable disease control without consideration of the social and political realities of smallholder farmers, who are often impoverished. PMID:24894437

  7. An analysis of relationship between food safety and pesticides usages of grape growers in Manisa province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karabat Selçuk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out in Manisa which has the largest vineyard areas and grape production of Turkey. In this research, awareness of environment and pesticide using attitudes of growers and effects on food safety of pesticides were investigated. Main data of the study was collected by survey from 117 grape growers which are settled in Manisa province where sultana production is very widespread. Applying Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP, for reaching quality raisin and table grape target, conventional and environment friendly pesticides preference priorities were estimated. The AHP was applied to determine conventional and environment friendly pesticides usages of grape growers related to food safety. As a conclusion, it is understood that this target could be reached with 66.8% using environment friendly pesticides.

  8. Wetland Purification Pattern for Surface Runoff Pollution of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanbo; ZHAO; Wenzhi; YAN; Hongwei; YAN

    2015-01-01

    Taking surface runoff of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province as research object,this paper analyzed water quality characteristics of runoff and flow rules of pollutants. It proposed using constructed wetland treatment technique in the drainage system from the perspective of effectively removing major pollutants. Using the constructed wetland k- C* model and relevant experience,parameters of constructed wetland can be obtained. The basic model is as follows: constructed wetland lies in two sides of the road,and surface runoff sewage is collected and treated separately with 1 km road section as the collection unit. The wetland area in one side is 191. 6 m2,average water depth is 0. 5 m,wetland width is 8 m,and wetland length is 24 m.

  9. Potential variability of trans-lysozyme gene rice under ecological conditions of Yunnan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chunxin YAO; Minghui XU; Wenzhong TIAN; Zuoshun TANG

    2008-01-01

    Using trans-lysozyme gene rice line D2-1-2 and its restorer Zhonghua No.9 as test materials, we studied their agronomic characters and grain qualities under two ecological conditions of Yunnan Province. The results show that there were no significant differences in the agro-nomic characters between D2-1-2 and Zhonghua No.9, but the seed setting rate and plant height of D2-1-2 were significantly lower, while the protein, amino acid and min-eral element (Ca, Fe and Zn in particular) contents in its crude grain were higher than those of Zhonghua No.9. It is suggested that there could be some potential genetic variances in the transgenic plant and the possibly induced environmental risk should be evaluated in multi-plots for several years.

  10. Research on Protection Methods of Historic and Cultural Villages in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiuPing Wang; JiJun Ding; WeiZhi Chen

    2014-01-01

    By the investigation of a few historical and cultural villages in Zhejiang Province, some problems during the process of protecting these villages were found, like similar construction pattern, coarse quality of construction, etc. which caused that villages were losing their characters. For this situation, the protection method of historical cultural villages was put forward, which was that to connect excavating character of different village with maintaining spatial fabrics of historical villages, and that different classes of building should have corresponding protection approach. Some advices were proposed for repairing and promoting historic and cultural elements, natural environment, and constructing infrastructure in the village, which will provide a reference for the construction of other historical and cultural villages.

  11. Integrated Assessment of Mineral Resources and Environment in Mid-South of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    On the bases of the field survey and a large number of testing data, we process the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the mine environment in the mid-south of Shandong Province using the following grade- I factors:the surface subsidence in mining area, the three wastes of mine industries, the pollution sources, the surface water pollution, the underground water pollution and the air pollution. By means of emitting factor judgment and water quality indexes, we locate pollution sources, main pollutants, pollution type and pollution grade in the study area. Using the MAPGIS, we draw a zonality map of the mine environment. This paper attempts to offer a concrete example, including valuable assessment method, data and conclusion, for the assessment of mine environment from the integrated assessment of mineral resources and mine environment.This research is oriented towards the sustainable development and the ecological environment optimization.

  12. The role of agroforestry areas of the province of Bari in the absortion of carbon dioxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasquale Dal Sasso

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Agroforestry areas have a significant and recognized productive, socio – economic, environmental and landscape role. An important ecological function performed by these areas is the net absorption of considerable quantities of atmospheric carbon dioxide. The scientific knowledge of the CO2 assimilation capacity of agroforestry ecosystems in a territory, is a useful and innovative means to support territorial planning. In the interests of environmental sustainability, emissions from human activities carried out in a specific local context, must be adapted by the simultaneous capacity of CO2 sequestration. For the protection of environmental quality, the choice of land use should therefore optimize the circuit of interaction between emissions and absorption. This work takes into account the agroforestry areas of the Province of Bari to estimate the potential capacity to absorb CO2 and compare it, with the current emission levels.

  13. Survey of Rice Cropping Systems in Kampong Chhnang Province, Cambodia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Volker KLEINHENZ; Sophon CHEA; Ngin HUN

    2013-01-01

    Although Cambodia might have achieved self-sufficiency and an exported surplus in rice production,its rice-based farming systems are widely associated with low productivity,low farmer income and rural poverty.The study is based on a questionnaire village survey in 14 communes containing 97 villages of Kampong Chhnang Province from March to June,2011.It analyzes the prevailing rice-based cropping systems and evaluates options for their improvement.Differences in cropping systems depend on the distance from the Tonle Sap water bodies.At distances greater than 10 km,transplanted wet-season rice cropping system with low productivity of about 1.6 t/hm2 prevails.This deficiency can be primarily attributed to soils with high coarse sand fractions and low pH (< 4.0),use of ‘late' cultivars,and exclusive use of self-propagated seeds.To improve this cropping system,commercial ‘medium' cultivars help prevent crop failure by shortening the cultivation period by one month and complementation of wet-season rice with non-rice crops should be expanded.Areas adjacent (≤ 1 km) to the water bodies become inundated for up to seven months between July until January of each year.In this area,soils contain more fine sand,silt and clay,and their pH is higher (> 4.0).Farmers predominantly cultivate dry-season recession rice between January and April.Seventy-nine percent of the area is sown directly and harvested by combines.Adoption ratio of commercial rice seeds is 59%and yields average 3.2 t/hm2.Introduction of the second dry-season rice between April and July may double annual yields in this rice cropping system.Besides upgrading other cultivation technologies,using seeds from commercial sources will improve yield and rice quality.Along with rice,farmers grow non-rice crops at different intensities ranging from single annual crops to intensive sequences at low yields.

  14. Quality guidance and quality formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Carsten Stig; Juhl, Hans Jørn; Kristensen, Kai;

    1996-01-01

    set on Danish butter cookies. Five plausible models of the relation between expectation, experience and perceived product quality are estimated. Finally one model is selected on the basis of three criteria: chi-square, RMSEA and AIC: The results show a model where expectations are indirectly related...

  15. Quality patents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, K

    1994-01-01

    Watermark Patent and Trademark Attorneys has recently been accepted by the Council of National Association of Testing Authorities, Australia as operating a Quality Management System that complies with the requirements of AS3901/ISO9001 for the creation and servicing of Australian and overseas patents, trademarks and designs and provision of related advice. It is believed that Watermark is the first firm of Patent Attorneys in the world to achieve this. PMID:7765675

  16. Quality servuction

    OpenAIRE

    Angélica Román

    2012-01-01

    The concept of servuction is a particular view of management, considered as a service production system, i.e. the visible part of the organization in which services are produced, distributed and consumed. The major contribution of the approach is not semantic – it is conceptual, as it puts the emphasis on service quality as a result of the servuction system, a differentiating feature that is increasingly important for business survival. Health organizations are very much oriented towards serv...

  17. Measuring Convergence using Dynamic Equilibrium Models: Evidence from Chinese Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pan, Lei; Posch, Olaf; van der Wel, Michel

    We propose a model to study economic convergence in the tradition of neoclassical growth theory. We employ a novel stochastic set-up of the Solow (1956) model with shocks to both capital and labor. Our novel approach identifies the speed of convergence directly from estimating the parameters which...... determine equilibrium dynamics. The inference on the structural parameters is done using a maximum-likelihood approach. We estimate our model using growth and population data for China’s provinces from 1978 to 2010. We report heterogeneity in the speed of convergence both across provinces and time...

  18. Malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, from 2005 to 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Hualiang; Yao, Linong; Zhang, Lingling; Zhang, Xuan; Lu, Qiaoyi; Yu, Kegen; Ruan, Wei

    2015-01-01

    To summarize the changing epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, we collected data on malaria from the Chinese Notifiable Disease Reporting System (NDRS) and analyzed them. A total of 2,738 malaria cases were identified in Zhejiang Province from 2005 to 2014, of which 2,018 were male and 720 were female. Notably, only 7% of malaria cases were indigenous and the other cases were all imported. The number of malaria cases increased from 2005 to 2007, peaked in 20...

  19. Note on Cladonia species (lichenized Ascomycota from Ardahan province (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Osyczka

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the first report on Cladonia species from Ardahan, a north-eastern province of Turkey. A circumpolar boreal-low arctic species, Cladonia acuminata, rarely reported from Asia, and the recently described Cladonia monomorpha are reported as new for Turkey. Their detailed descriptions and taxonomical remarks are provided. Localities of other ascertained Cladonia species in the province supplement the knowledge of their distribution patterns in the country. In addition, the typically corticolous/lignicolous species Vulpicida pinastri is mentioned as also growing on primary squamules and podetia of C. pyxidata.

  20. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  1. Quality servuction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angélica Román

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The concept of servuction is a particular view of management, considered as a service production system, i.e. the visible part of the organization in which services are produced, distributed and consumed. The major contribution of the approach is not semantic – it is conceptual, as it puts the emphasis on service quality as a result of the servuction system, a differentiating feature that is increasingly important for business survival. Health organizations are very much oriented towards service production, something that is extremely complex in the service industry because, in contrast to manufacturing, services do not undergo quality control before being consumed or used by clients. Furthermore, health services may affect lives and patient security. Thus, the concept of quality in the production of services is being considered each time more in health care organizations. Health production is a process where the final product is the consequence of health care actions that are consumed by the patient. From this standpoint, health care facilities will provide as many final products as patients that are diagnosed and treated.

  2. Empirical Analysis on the Determinants of Economic Growth in Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Status of economic development in Shaanxi Province is analyzed, showing that Shaanxi Province has achieved the fast and stable economic growth; and total GDP and fixed assets investment have shown a sustainable growth. According to the time series statistics of Shaanxi Province in the years 1978-2008, Cobb-Douglas Function is used to carry out the empirical analysis on the contribution of fixed assets investment and labor input to economic growth of Shaanxi Province, China. Result shows that capital and labor input are the major driving forces for the economic growth of Shaanxi Province. In other words, economic growth mode of Shaanxi Province is still extensive. Economic growth of Shaanxi Province is increasingly dependent on capital investment and technological progress. Contribution rates of capital and labor to economic growth are 66.9% and 33.1%, respectively. Therefore, investment is a source of economic growth in Shaanxi Province through the reform and opening up in the last three decades.

  3. Management of Peat Fires on Smoldering Phase (Case Study: District Siak and District Kampar Riau Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syafrudin Syafrudin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The difficulty of finding land for farming activities in Indonesia caused some communities began to switch utilizing peat land for agricultural areas such as oil palm. Oil palm plantation is a commodity that has been developed in Indonesia.Oil palm planted area has increased rapidly.Since 1967 extensive oil palm plantations has increased 35times to 5.6 million ha in 2005 and about 7.8 million ha in 2009. The biggest expansion of oil palm plantations occur in 6 province,one of them is Riau.Most people take a practical way to open agricultural areas by burning peat.Riau Province in Indonesia is one of the major hotspots for peat fires during the dry season. Peat fire at smouldering phaseemits a lot of compounds that are not completely oxidized (e.g. CO, VOCs, PAHs that more dangerous than the emissions released during combustion at flaming fires. Particulate Matter (PM 2.5 is one of the emissions from peat fires too.However, existing data on VOCs and PM 2.5 of smoke from peat fires Indonesia is still limited.The aim of this study was to analyze the concentration of VOCs and PM 2.5 on emissions from peat fires in the Langkai Village Siak District and RimboPanjang Village Kampar District Riau Province when compared with background site and the permissible exposure limit and provide recommendations based on the results of this research.VOCs measurement method is based on NIOSH 1500 and EPA TO-17 while the PM 2.5 based on IMPROVE A method. The average concentration of PM 2.5 is 996.72 ± 531.01μg/m3. PM2.5 concentrations increased (compared with the background site was very high at 4,838%.This condition causes a decrease in air quality and serious health problems. While the results of the maximum TVOCs concentration obtained in Siak District was 391,880 g/m3, while in Kampar Districtwas 195,940 g/m3. TVOCs concentration atSiak Districtwas 130.63 times greater than the existing quality standards, while at Kampar District regency was 65.31 times

  4. Actuality and Influencing Factors of Integrated Production Capacity of Foodstuff in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Hui-qiu; Zhang De-hua

    2012-01-01

    Heilongjiang Province is an important marketable grain depot in China. Since the reform and opening up, Heilongjiang Province production capacity of foodstuff is increasingly growing into a new level. This paper started with the actuality of Heilongjiang Province integrated production capacity of foodstuff, and analyzed its major factors empirically through the mathematical model, then proposed some measures to enhance Heilongjiang Province production capacity of foodstuff which ensured China foodstuff security

  5. Total Petroleum Systems of the Illizi Province, Algeria and Libya—Tanezzuft-Illizi

    OpenAIRE

    Klett, T.R.

    2000-01-01

    Undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources were assessed within a total petroleum system of the Illizi Province (2056) as part of the U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment 2000. The Illizi Province is in eastern Algeria and a small portion of western Libya. The province and its total petroleum system coincide with the Illizi Basin. Although several total petroleum systems may exist within the Illizi Province, only one “composite” total petroleum system is identified. This ...

  6. Study on the Driving Forces of Rocky Desertification in Guizhou Province Based on Variation Coefficient Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province. [Method] Based on GIS and RS technology, the main driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province were analyzed by means of correlation analysis and variation coefficient method, and then the distribution of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province was assessed synthetically. [Result] The main driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province were vegetation cover, rainfall, peasant incom...

  7. Some Environmental Consequences of Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffin, M. F.

    2009-12-01

    The formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs)—continental flood basalts, ‘volcanic’ margins, and oceanic plateaus—may impact the atmosphere, oceans, and biosphere by rapidly releasing huge amounts of particulates, magmatic volatiles (CO2, SO2, Cl, F, etc.), and potentially volatiles (CO2, CH4, SO2, etc.) from intruded sediments (e.g., carbonates, organic-rich shales, evaporites). A key factor affecting the magnitude of volatile release is whether eruptions are subaerial or marine; hydrostatic pressure inhibits vesiculation and degassing of relatively soluble volatile components (H2O, S, Cl, F) in deep water submarine eruptions, although low solubility components (CO2, noble gases) are mostly degassed even at abyssal depths. Directly or indirectly, such injections may cause changes in the atmosphere/ocean system that can lead to perturbations of atmosphere/ocean chemistry, circulation, ecology, and biological productivity. These changes can be global in extent, particularly if environmental conditions were at or near a threshold state or tipping point. LIPs may have been responsible for some of the most dramatic and rapid changes in the global environment. For example, between ~145 and ~50 Ma, the global ocean was characterized by chemical and isotopic variations (especially in C and Sr isotope ratios, trace metal concentrations, and biocalcification), relatively high temperatures, high relative sea level, episodic deposition of black shales (oceanic anoxic events), high production of hydrocarbons, mass extinctions of marine organisms, and radiations of marine flora and fauna. Temporal correlations between the intense pulses of igneous activity associated with LIP formation and environmental changes suggest more than pure coincidence. The 1783-84 eruption of Laki on Iceland provides the only historical record of the type of volcanism that constructs transient LIPs. Although Laki produced a basaltic lava flow representing only ~1% of the volume of a typical

  8. Status of and changes in water quality monitored for the Idaho statewide surface-water-quality network, 1989—2002

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Mark A.; Parliman, Deborah J.; O'Dell, Ivalou

    2005-01-01

    The Idaho statewide surface-water-quality monitoring network consists of 56 sites that have been monitored from 1989 through 2002 to provide data to document status and changes in the quality of Idaho streams. Sampling at 33 sites has covered a wide range of flows and seasons that describe water-quality variations representing both natural conditions and human influences. Targeting additional high- or low-flow sampling would better describe conditions at 20 sites during hydrologic extremes. At the three spring site types, sampling covered the range of flow conditions from 1989 through 2002 well. However, high flows at these sites since 1989 were lower than historical high flows as a result of declining ground-water levels in the Snake River Plain. Summertime stream temperatures at 45 sites commonly exceeded 19 and 22 degrees Celsius, the Idaho maximum daily mean and daily maximum criteria, respectively, for the protection of coldwater aquatic life. Criteria exceedances in stream basins with minimal development suggest that such high temperatures may occur naturally in many Idaho streams. Suspended-sediment concentrations were generally higher in southern Idaho than in central and northern Idaho, and network data suggest that the turbidity criteria are most likely to be exceeded at sites in southern Idaho and other sections of the Columbia Plateaus geomorphic province. This is probably because this province has more fine-grained soils that are subject to erosion and disturbance by land uses than the Northern Rocky Mountains province of northern and central

  9. China's Most Populous Province to Ban Fetus Sex Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Henan, the most populous province in central China,is plagued by an excessively high sex ratio imbalance at birth in certain parts of the province. To ameliorate the situation, the province will enact regulations to ban non-medically necessary fetus gender identification and sex-selective abortions.

  10. The marine mollusk fauna of the Virginian area as a basis for defining Zoogeographical provinces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coomans, H.E.

    1962-01-01

    The marine fauna of the American Atlantic coast between Cape Cod and Cape Hatteras, the Virginian area, is placed by zoogeographers in different provinces: in the Transatlantic, or in the Boreal province. It is sometimes considered to be a province of its own, or only a transition between the Boreal

  11. Contribution to the knowledge of Neoperla (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from Hainan Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhi-Teng; Du, Yu-Zhou

    2016-01-01

    The species of the perlid genus Neoperla are reviewed from Hainan Province, China. Three species of Neoperla, N. minuta sp. nov., N. wuzhishana sp. nov., and N. sexlobata sp. nov. are described from this island province and compared with other taxa. A provisional key is presented to the known Neoperla males from Hainan Province. PMID:27470851

  12. Investigation of natural radioactivity level of the waters in Guangdong province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports the investigation results of natural radioactivity level in river, lake, reservoir, spring, tap water and offshore water in Guangdong Province and Hainan Province. There were totally 220 samples collected from 144 measuring points. The results show that the radioactivity level of varied water bodies of the province was within normal natural background

  13. Relationship between Quality of Work Life and Work Alienation: Research on Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çetinkanat, Ayse Canan; Kösterelioglu, Meltem Akin

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study is examined primary school teachers' quality of work life and work alienation perceptions. The sample of the study was composed of teachers (N = 426) employed in Bolu province central and district state primary schools in 2010-2011 academic year. For data collection purposes, "Personal Information Form" was used…

  14. Student Motivations, Quality and Status in Adult Higher Education (AHE) in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Naixia; Morgan, W. John

    2009-01-01

    This article examines an important and yet neglected aspect of the relationship between higher education and the labour market in contemporary China. It does this through a detailed case study of student motivations, quality and status in adult higher education (AHE) in the city of Taiyuan, Shanxi Province. This is a region which has seen major…

  15. Epidemiology of malt fever in Kermanshah province in 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazdan Hamzavi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Brucellosis is a zoonotic, chronic and infectious disease in many developing countries, including Iran. This study investigated some of the epidemiological features of the disease in Kermanshah province in 2011. Methods: In this descriptive study, all of the patients with brucellosis reported to the health center of the province during the year 2011 were studied. The demographic and some epidemiologic parameters of the disease were recorded in the questionnaires. All collected data were analyzed using SPSS (version19 software. Results: Totally, 777 cases of brucellosis were reported to the health center of the province in 2011. The lowest incidence of brucellosis in the province was 40.8/100000 .The highest and lowest incidence rates were seen in Dalahoo (215.2/100 000 and Javanrood (12.6/100 000 districts, respectively. 47.4% of the patients were female and about half of the patients were under 30 years old. Raw milk was the most common cause of the disease consumed by 81.9% of the cases. Also, 87.6% of the patients were living in rural areas and the peak of disease was seen in the spring and summer months. Conclusion: Despite the significant reduction, it seems that the incidence of disease in some rural areas of the districts such as Dalahoo and Sarpol-e-Zahab are very high.

  16. Sindh Province, Pakistan Student Assessment : SABER Country Report 2012

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, Sindh Province, Pakistan joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assessm...

  17. Punjab Province, Pakistan Student Assessment : SABER Country Report 2012

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, Punjab Province, Pakistan joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assess...

  18. [Preliminary investigation on Paragonimus in Lvchun county of Yunnan province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Bin-Bin; Zhou, Ben-Jiang; Li, Ru-Qing; Bai, Zhong-Wen; Wu, Ou-Bao; Gao, Xiu-Fang

    2007-12-01

    69 crabs were collected from Daxing, Gekui and Niukong townships of Lvchun county, Yunnan Province in 2006 and excysted metacercariae were only obtained from crabs of Niukong. The infection rate was 27.6% (8/29) with an average metacercaria number of 2.25 each crab. No encysted metacercariae were found. The excysted metacercariae were morphologically identified as Paragonimus proliferus.

  19. Textile & Garment Export Situation from five Provinces in Nov

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Guangdong:The Decline Trend of Export Growth Rate Slowered In the first 11 months of 2008,the export of textile and garment in Guangdong province reached 30.8 billion USD,down 19.7%on the same periond of previous

  20. Quaternary basaltic volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina

    Pleistocene times. These basalts mark the end of a period of shallow subduction of the Nazca slab beneath the Payenia province and volcanism in the Nevado volcanic field apparently followed the downwarping slab in a north-northwest direction ending in the Northern Segment. The northern Payenia basalts...

  1. Farmers' Learning Strategies in the Province of Esfahan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karbasioun, Mostafa; Biemans, Harm; Mulder, Martin

    2008-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate changes in farming and to look at how farmers adapt to diverse changes in and around their farms in the province of Esfahan, Iran. It is part of a larger project aimed at developing a job competency profile for agricultural extension instructors (AEIs). One hundred and two farmers who had previously followed…

  2. Farmers' Learning Strategies in the Province of Esfahan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karbasioun, M.; Biemans, H.J.A.; Mulder, M.

    2008-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate changes in farming and to look at how farmers adapt to diverse changes in and around their farms in the province of Esfahan, Iran. It is part of a larger project aimed at developing a job competency profile for agricultural extension instructors (AEIs). One hun

  3. Child Maltreatment among School Children in the Kurdistan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Rob; Sheikhattari, Payam; Assasi, Nazilla; Eftekhar, Hassan; Zamani, Qasem; Maleki, Bahram; Kiabayan, Hamid

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the determinants of three types of child maltreatment: physical maltreatment, mental maltreatment, and child neglect among school children in the Kurdistan Province of Iran. The analysis examines the impact of socioeconomic, familial, demographic, and household dynamic factors on the three child maltreatment…

  4. Peste des petits ruminants virus in Heilongjiang province, China, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jingfei; Wang, Miao; Wang, Shida; Liu, Zaisi; Shen, Nan; Si, Wei; Sun, Gang; Drewe, Julian A; Cai, Xuehui

    2015-04-01

    During March 25-May 5, 2014, we investigated 11 outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in Heilongjiang Province, China. We found that the most likely source of the outbreaks was animals from livestock markets in Shandong. Peste des petits ruminants viruses belonging to lineages II and IV were detected in sick animals. PMID:25811935

  5. Genotyping Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-Hui Zhao

    Full Text Available The present study examined the prevalence and genotypes of Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi province, China. A total of 2071 fecal samples (847 from Qinchuan cattle and 1224 from dairy cattle were examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and 70 samples (3.4% were C. andersoni-positive and those positive samples were identified by PCR amplification of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA and the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP genes. C. andersoni was the only species found in the examined cattle in this province. Fifty-seven C. andersoni isolates were characterized into 5 MLST subtypes using multilocus sequence typing analysis, including a new subtype in the native beef breed Qinchuan cattle. All of these C. andersoni isolates presented a clonal genetic structure. These findings provide new insights into the genetic structure of C. andersoni isolates in Shaanxi province and basic data of Cryptosporidium prevalence status, which in turn have implications for controlling cryptosporidiosis in this province.

  6. Malaria Epidemiology in Mersin Province, Turkey from 2002 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M F AYDIN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium spp. with high morbidity and mortality in human in tropical and subtropical regions. In recent years, number of malaria cases has been significantly reduced because of fight with the disease in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the malaria epidemiology in Mersin Province from 2002 to 2011 using data from the provincial Public Health Directorate.Methods: Over ten years, 303573 blood samples were taken from the people by active and passive surveillance methods and blood smears were prepared. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under the microscope.Results: Totally, 73 people including 44 male and 29 female were positive in terms of Plasmodium spp. It was determined that P. vivax observed in 67 cases while P. falciparum in 6 cases. Cases were mainly observed in 15 to 44 years old range, showed an increase between June-September periods and a significant decrease after 2006. Out of the 73 malaria cases, 54 cases were from Mersin Province and 13 cases were imported from another province of Turkey. Six cases were transmitted from abroad.Conclusion: These results provide information about malaria epidemiology in an endemic area in Turkey and contribute its prevention in Mersin Province

  7. A STUDY ON TROUT BREEDING IN DUZCE PROVINCE

    OpenAIRE

    Akbulut, Süleyman; KETEN, Akif

    2009-01-01

    In this study, trout breeding facilities of Duzce Province, a suitable place for trout breeding, were evaluated. As a result of this evaluation, current status, capacities, and problems of trout breeding facilities were determined. Some suggestions were provided to solve these problems and increase the capacity of trout breeding facilities. Keywords: Duzce, Trout Breeding.

  8. A biogenic volatile organic compounds emission inventory for Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhi-hui; BAI Yu-hua; ZHANG Shu-yu

    2005-01-01

    The first detailed inventory for volatile organic compounds(VOC) emissions from vegetation over Yunnan Province, China was presented. The spatially and temporally resolved inventory was developed based on a geographic information system (GIS), remote sensing(RS) data and field measurement data, such as digitized land-use data, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVl) and temperature data from direct real-time measurement. The inventory has a spatial resolution of 5 km × 5 km and a time resolution of 1 h.Urban, agriculture, and natural land-use distributions in Yunnan Province were combined with biomass factors for each land-use category to produce a spatially resolved biomass inventory. A biogenic emission inventory was developed by combining the biomass inventory with hourly emission rates for tree, shrub and ground cover species of the study area. Correcting for environmental factors, including light intensity and temperature, a value of 1.1 × 1012 gC for total annual biogenic VOC emissions from Yunnan Province, including 6.1 × 1011 gCfor isoprene, 2.1 × 1011 gC for monoterpenes, and 2.6 × 1011 gC for OVOC was obtained. The highest VOC emissions occurred in the northwestern, southwestern and north region of Yunnan Province. Some uncertainties were also discussed in this study.

  9. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota of soils of the Lubuskie province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sławomir Kowalczyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the year 2003, the occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF of the phylum Glomeromycota in cultivated and uncultivated soils of the Lubuskie province was investigated. The occurrence of AMF was examined based on 56 root and rhizosphere soils collected under 7 species of cultivated and uncultivated plants growing in 28 localities. Spores of AMF were isolated from both field-collected samples and trap cultures. They were revealed in 100% of field soils and 93.8% of trap cultures and represented 7 of the 8 recognized genera of the Glomeromycota. The arbuscular fungi occurring distinctly more frequently in the soil and root samples examined were members of the genus Glomus. The species of AMF most frequently occurring in cultivated soils of the Lubuskie province were G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola and G. mosseae, whereas G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola, G. mosseae, and S. dipurpurescens were more frequently found in uncultivated sites. The analysis of similarity of the species composition of AMF populations in sites of the Lubuskie province and the Western Pomeranian province earlier examined showed that (1 the occurrence in Poland of most taxa of these fungi detected in the study presented here is even and does not change with time, (2 the communities of AMF area are stable, despite the arduousness resulting from the agricultural and chemical practices conducted, and (3 the species diversity of the plants cultivated in a long period of time has no influence on the species composition of populations of AMF.

  10. [Calculation of regional carbon emission: a case of Guangdong Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Shi-Yan; Wang, Zheng; Ma, Xiao-Zhe; Huang, Rui; Liu, Chang-Xin; Zhu, Yong-Bin

    2011-06-01

    By using IPCC carbon emission calculation formula (2006 edition), economy-carbon emission dynamic model, and cement carbon emission model, a regional carbon emission calculation framework was established, and, taking Guangdong Province as a case, its energy consumption carbon emission, cement production CO2 emission, and forest carbon sink values in 2008-2050 were predicted, based on the socio-economic statistical data, energy consumption data, cement production data, and forest carbon sink data of the Province. In 2008-2050, the cement production CO2 emission in the Province would be basically stable, with an annual carbon emission being 10-15 Mt C, the energy consumption carbon emission and the total carbon emission would be in inverse U-shape, with the peaks occurred in 2035 and 2036, respectively, and the carbon emission intensity would be decreased constantly while the forest carbon sink would have a fluctuated decline. It was feasible and reasonable to use the regional carbon emission calculation framework established in this paper to calculate the carbon emission in Guangdong Province. PMID:21941757

  11. Remediation of Legacy Arsenic Mining Areas in Yunnan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian H. von Lindern

    2011-01-01

    Conclusions. The success of the demonstration project was recognized and has provided direction and momentum for a wider effort by the Province to address mining pollution and water contamination challenges. It demonstrates the success of using known techniques for environmental remediation in the US, with local partners in China responding to their communities’ health and environmental problems.

  12. Large-Scale Survey for Tickborne Bacteria, Khammouan Province, Laos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vongphayloth, Khamsing; Vongsouvath, Malavanh; Grandadam, Marc; Brey, Paul T.; Newton, Paul N.; Sutherland, Ian W.; Dittrich, Sabine

    2016-01-01

    We screened 768 tick pools containing 6,962 ticks from Khammouan Province, Laos, by using quantitative real-time PCR and identified Rickettsia spp., Ehrlichia spp., and Borrelia spp. Sequencing of Rickettsia spp.–positive and Borrelia spp.–positive pools provided evidence for distinct genotypes. Our results identified bacteria with human disease potential in ticks in Laos. PMID:27532491

  13. Formal and Informal Rural Credit in Four Provinces of Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barslund, Mikkel Christoffer; Tarp, Finn

    This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used...... are striking. A ‘one size fits all' approach to credit policy in Vietnam would be inappropriate...

  14. Identification of mantle plumes in the Emeishan Large Igneous Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-Gang Xu; Jifeng Xu; Yue-Jun Wang; Bin He; Xiaolong Huang; Zhenyu Luo; Sun-Lin Chung; Long Xiao; Dan Zhu; Hui Shao; Wei-Ming Fan

    2007-01-01

    @@ The plume hypothesis has been recently challengedlargely because some fundamental aspects predicted bythe modeling of plumes are found to be lacking in someclassic hotspot regions. This review paper summarizesrecent achievements made in the late Permian Emeishan continental flood basalt province in southwest China.

  15. The deforestation of rural areas in the Lower Congo Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iloweka, Ernest Manganda

    2004-12-01

    The Lower Congo is one of eleven provinces in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and is located southwest of Kinshasa Town Province. It has an area of approximately 53.947 km2 with a population of 1,504,361 at an estimated 237 persons per km2. The Province comprises five districts, including Lukaya and Cataracts where rural poverty is severe and the population struggle to make a living through agriculture and woodcutting. These activities result in excessive resource exploitation. The high demand for foodstuffs and the high consumption of wood (for energy, construction and export) in Kinshasa, the capital city of the Democratic Republic of Congo and the expanding towns of Matadi and Boma in the Lower Congo Province, are speeding the deforestation rate and unbalancing forest ecosystems. In addition there is the stress resulting from reduced josher (the rest period for agriculture ground), plus climate change and erosion. The phenomena that that we need to address in these two districts include deforestation, reduced josher, excessive agriculture, erosion, burning and climate change which taken together largely explain the current soil degradation. These areas are marked by excessive post deforestation savannah formation and extended areas of sandy soil, distributed throughout grass and shrub savannahs. This desertification, which is rampant in Lukaya and Cataracts, risks imprisoning the rural population in a vicious cycle of poverty if adequate solutions are not found. PMID:15641386

  16. Evaluation of Biobras-16 in cucumber growing with a decrease of the time of irrigation, in Holguín province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Gustavo González Gómez

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The work was carried out in an organoponic in Holguín province. Cucumber cultivation, Poinset variety, was chosen with the objective of evaluating the effects of Biobras 16, when the seeds are soaked in it and the irrigation time decreases by 10, 30 and 50%, we assessed its influence on the yield and the quality of fruits. Major yield components were measured and the development stages of the crop. Data were processed by the statistical package version 8 on Windows. Significant conclusions were reached about the positive effects on yield and fruit quality, when reducing irrigation time and seeds are soaked with Biobras-16 before sowing.

  17. An Epidemiological Study of Psychiatric Disorders in Hamadan Province , 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Mohammadi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The burden of psychiatric disorders in the developed countries has been identified by the screening questionnaires and standard clinical interviews at a high level, but the epidemiological studies of psychiatric disorders in our country are brief and their numbers are few. Planning for providing essential mental health services to the people requires us to be knowledgeable about the present status of psychiatric disorders in the society. The objective of this research was to carry out the epidemiological study of the psychiatric disorders in the individuals 18 years and above in urban and rural areas of Hamadan province. 664 individuals selected through randomized clustered and systematic sampling methods among the existing families of Hamadan province and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS questionnaires completed by the clinical psychologist. The diagnosis of the disorders was based on DSM-IV classification criteria.The results of the study showed that the overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province was 11.28% (17.2% in women , 5.8% in men. The anxiety and mood disorders with 5.87 and 2.71% respectively had the highest prevalence in the province. The prevalence of psychotic disorders in this study was 0.60% , neuro- cognitive disorders 1.35% and dissociative disorders 0.75%. In the group of mood disorders, major depression with 2.56% and in the group of anxiety disorders, phobia with 2.56% had the higher prevalence. This study showed that 8.13% of studied individuals suffered from at least one of the psychiatric disorders. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province among the individuals in the age group of 66 years and above was 13.33%, individuals whose spouses had passed away 18.75%, urban residents of province 9.81%, illiterate individuals 12.80% and housewife individuals 12.31% was more than other individuals in the sample. Being aware of this matter reveals the responsibility of the

  18. Uranium provinces of North America; their definition, distribution, and models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, Warren Irvin

    1996-01-01

    Uranium resources in North America are principally in unconformity-related, quartz-pebble conglomerate, sandstone, volcanic, and phosphorite types of uranium deposits. Most are concentrated in separate, well-defined metallogenic provinces. Proterozoic quartz-pebble conglomerate and unconformity-related deposits are, respectively, in the Blind River?Elliot Lake (BRELUP) and the Athabasca Basin (ABUP) Uranium Provinces in Canada. Sandstone uranium deposits are of two principal subtypes, tabular and roll-front. Tabular sandstone uranium deposits are mainly in upper Paleozoic and Mesozoic rocks in the Colorado Plateau Uranium Province (CPUP). Roll-front sandstone uranium deposits are in Tertiary rocks of the Rocky Mountain and Intermontane Basins Uranium Province (RMIBUP), and in a narrow belt of Tertiary rocks that form the Gulf Coastal Uranium Province (GCUP) in south Texas and adjacent Mexico. Volcanic uranium deposits are concentrated in the Basin and Range Uranium Province (BRUP) stretching from the McDermitt caldera at the Oregon-Nevada border through the Marysvale district of Utah and Date Creek Basin in Arizona and south into the Sierra de Pe?a Blanca District, Chihuahua, Mexico. Uraniferous phosphorite occurs in Tertiary sediments in Florida, Georgia, and North and South Carolina and in the Lower Permian Phosphoria Formation in Idaho and adjacent States, but only in Florida has economic recovery been successful. The Florida Phosphorite Uranium Province (FPUP) has yielded large quantities of uranium as a byproduct of the production of phosphoric acid fertilizer. Economically recoverable quantities of copper, gold, molybdenum, nickel, silver, thorium, and vanadium occur with the uranium deposits in some provinces. Many major epochs of uranium mineralization occurred in North America. In the BRELUP, uranium minerals were concentrated in placers during the Early Proterozoic (2,500?2,250 Ma). In the ABUP, the unconformity-related deposits were most likely formed

  19. Reservoir quality of intrabasalt volcaniclastic units onshore Faroe Islands, North Atlantic Igneous Province, northeast Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ólavsdóttir, Jana; Andersen, Morten Sparre; Boldreel, Lars Ole

    2015-01-01

    % to 43% and a gas permeability range of 1.0 to 110 md, and among these samples, 7 are of epiclastic and 11 of pyroclastic origins. These 18 samples have been investigated further. Among the seven samples of epiclastic origin, five stem from Glyvursnes-1 well Argir Beds that is a fluvial deposit located......) boreholes and represent almost the entire stratigraphic volcaniclastic interval onshore Faroe Islands. In addition, they also cover most of the Faroe Island area geographically. The intervals where the samples are taken represent both in situ and transported material. Three units are ascribed to fluvial......, mass flow, and swamp deposit environments, whereas the remaining beds are most likely pyroclastic deposits. The He porosity, gas permeability, and grain density were measured, and in addition, thin sections of all the samples have been produced....

  20. Teaching Practice and the Quality Dilemma: Lessons from Experiences of Student Teachers in Masvingo Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashava, Rumbidzai; Chingombe, Agrippa

    2013-01-01

    Teaching Practice is presumed to be key to professionalization of teachers, although very little research has been done on its effectiveness. This article seeks to show the views of stakeholders on the effectiveness of Teaching Practice in Zimbabwean primary schools. A case study which is largely qualitative was found appropriate. A sample of 84…