WorldWideScience

Sample records for antwerp province quality

  1. KWARTA (Quality Assurance in the Radiotherapy centres of the Antwerp province): Quality control of the contract therapy machine and treatment planning system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Ost, B.; Schaeken, B.; Vanregemorter, J. [Algemeen Ziekenhuis Middelheim, Antwerp (Belgium); Bellekens, L. [Sint-Vincentius Ziekenhuis, Antwerp (Belgium); Cardoen, R.; Pieters, D. [Medisch Instituut Sint Augustinus, Wilrijk (Belgium); Goossens, H. [Sint-Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Turnhout (Belgium); Haest, K.; Mertens, N. [Sint Norbertus Ziekenhuis, Duffel (Belgium)

    1995-12-01

    During the first year of the provincial QA project, joint procedures were set up for the routine quality control of linear accelerators, Cobalt treatment machines and simulators. A set of standard forms was produced for use in all centres, respecting the differences in each individual machine. Since forms are now in use in all centres, the second year of the project mainly focused on the QA/QC of the contract therapy machine and treatment planning system. QC measurements for the contract therapy machines were performed in air or in a phantom. Since the output was checked with the same ionisation chamber (0.33 cc flat chamber calibrated for 50 kV) and the same type of electrometer in all centres, the results could be compared mutually and with the reference values. The major parameter groups, tested for the treatment planning system were: isodose distribution (visual control of all square fields in the database of the system), PDD data (analysing of 10 x 10 cm{sup 2}, 20 x 20 cm{sup 2}, 30 x 30 cm{sup 2} and 40 x 40 cm{sup 2} open or wedged fields), output factors, wedge and tray factors, inverse square law, geometrical testing of the digitizer - screen - printer and geometrical and densitometrical testing of the CT images - screen - printer. Between 496 and 1243 parameters were investigated in the different centres (depending on the presence of the electron data). Irregularities (0 % to 4 % of the total investigated parameters) were reported to the respective physicist.

  2. Health Impact Assessment of a Predicted Air Quality Change by Moving Traffic from an Urban Ring Road into a Tunnel. The Case of Antwerp, Belgium

    OpenAIRE

    Van Brusselen, Daan; Arrazola de Oñate, Wouter; Maiheu, Bino; Vranckx, Stijn; Lefebvre, Wouter; Janssen, Stijn; Nawrot, Tim S; Nemery, Ben; Avonts, Dirk

    2016-01-01

    Background The Antwerp ring road has a traffic density of 300,000 vehicles per day and borders the city center. The ‘Ringland project’ aims to change the current ‘open air ring road’ into a ‘filtered tunneled ring road’, putting the entire urban ring road into a tunnel and thus filtering air pollution. We conducted a health impact assessment (HIA) to quantify the possible benefit of a ‘filtered tunneled ring road’, as compared to the ‘open air ring road’ scenario, on air quality and its long-...

  3. How much spatial detail in meteorological parameters is needed to model air-quality in a city? A case study for the city of Antwerp, Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wouters, Hendrik; De Ridder, Koen; Demuzere, Matthias; van Lipzig, Nicole; Brisson, Erwan; Lauwaet, Dirk; Viaene, Peter; Deutsch, Felix; Veldeman, Nele

    2013-04-01

    There exists a large discrepancy between the rural and urban land cover in terms of soil water, aerodynamical, thermal and radiative characteristics, and anthropogenic heat. This results in urban-scale meteorological features such as the urban heat island, reduced wind speed and the city breeze. Some of these effects have a considerable impact on human health in cities when the nocturnal cooling is reduced during heat waves or when air quality is affected during smog episodes. The question rises what impact does urban climate have on air quality in cities. The Regional climate model COSMO-CLM updated with the urban parameterization (TERRA_MLU) and the air-quality AURORA (VITO NV, Belgium) are used to quantify and understand the interactions between (urban) climate and air quality on different scales. COSMO-CLM is currently cascade-nested inside ECMWF 12.5km analysis up to a horizontal resolution of 1km over Antwerp (Belgium). The urban parameterization TERRA_MLU is implemented in COSMO-CLM using a tile approach in which the urban surface can coexist with the natural area in one grid-cell. The inclusion of anthropogenic heat is based on country-specific data of energy consumption downscaled with population density and urbanization. Meteorological model data from COSMO-CLM is used as forcing for the air-quality model AURORA. Results, in particular the urban heat island effect, are evaluated with urban/rural meteorological measurements in Antwerp, Ghent and Brussels starting from 2012. It is investigated whether air-quality modeling can be improved when forcing AURORA with (urban) microscale meteorological data from COSMO-CLM rather than with coarser meteorological data from ECMWF. Therefore each nesting step of COSMO is subsequently used as input for the air-quality model. In order to set priorities for the improvement of air-quality modelling in the future, the relative importance of orography, urban climate and the impact of uncertainty in pollutent emissions to

  4. The Soundscapes of Antwerp: A Study on the Acoustic Genius Loci

    OpenAIRE

    LEUS, Maria; Herssens, Jasmien

    2015-01-01

    This research questions the importance of sound in relation to our city experiences. By means of analysing the characteristics of a soundscape in the city of Antwerp this study identifies Antwerp's genius loci. Moreover it is stated that soundscape, cultural heritage and public spaces amplify each other. Design concepts and strategic design methods can adopt soundscape in historical urban spaces in order to increase the quality of life. It is recommended that architects and urban planners int...

  5. Common ground in LIT research and training: the Antwerp case

    OpenAIRE

    Salaets, Heidi

    2014-01-01

    The paper makes ample reference to past European projects such as AGIS, GROTIUS, BMT and TRAFUT; describes the training programme for legal interpreters and translators currently implemented at KU Leuven Campus Antwerp; and presents current or forthcoming projects such as Co-MINOR-IN/QUEST (on interpreter-mediated questioning of minors), TraiLLD (on legal interpreter training for languages of lesser diffusion), QUALITAS (on assessing legal interpreting quality), and Justisigns (on sign langua...

  6. Recent Discoveries on Antwerp Panel Makers' Marks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadum, Jørgen

    There still exist today uncertainties and misunderstandings in our interpretation of panel makers' marks from early 17th century Antwerp. In the future, panel marks and the panels on which they can be found will certainly render much more information concerning the technology of that time. Still ...

  7. Statoil-Himont outlines Antwerp operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Norway's Den morske Stats Oljeselskap AS, the North Sea's largest oil producer, and Himont Inc., the world's largest producer of polypropylene, believe their joint venture complex near Antwerp has changed the traditional structure of the petrochemical industry. At a briefing and press conference, executives from the two companies and their new joint venture, North Sea Petrochemicals, covered their venture and its first 2 months of operation and presented their outlook for the polypropylene market. Statoil stressed its intent to expand petrochemical operations in Europe. The company supplies the complex with all the propane feed and refinery grade propylene its uses. The propane comes from Statoil's offshore production, the imported refinery grade propylene from Statoil's Mongstad, Norway, refinery. This paper describes the propylene production process used in Antwerp

  8. Megaports Antwerp: Detection of nuclear smuggling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear inspections at seaports are a relatively new phenomenon. In the Port of Antwerp, a nuclear inspection system is being installed and is already partly in use. It uses plastic scintillators as a primary portal. This has an important effect on the way nuclear inspections are performed. The paper presents the results of a radiological study with a plastic scintillator in the Port of Antwerp in 2006. This is followed by a general overview of the Megaports inspections in Antwerp during 2007. Furthermore, a tool is discussed that can facilitate the task of recognizing a source smuggled in naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM). In general, nuclear inspections should be designed to make NORM identification reliable, easy and straightforward. This way the focus of the inspections shifts towards the few exceptional or suspect alarms that occur during inspections, rather than to the identification of an alarm as being caused by NORM. Of course, smuggling with NORM as a shielding material has to be taken into account. (author)

  9. Improving Care And Research Electronic Data Trust Antwerp (iCAREdata): a research database of linked data on out-of-hours primary care

    OpenAIRE

    Colliers, Annelies; Bartholomeeusen, Stefaan; Remmen, Roy; Coenen, Samuel; Michiels, Barbara; Bastiaens, Hilde; Van Royen, Paul; Verhoeven, Veronique; Holmgren, Philip; De Ruyck, Bernard; Philips, Hilde

    2016-01-01

    Background Primary out-of-hours care is developing throughout Europe. High-quality databases with linked data from primary health services can help to improve research and future health services. Methods In 2014, a central clinical research database infrastructure was established (iCAREdata: Improving Care And Research Electronic Data Trust Antwerp, www.icaredata.eu) for primary and interdisciplinary health care at the University of Antwerp, linking data from General Practice Cooperatives, Em...

  10. Coping with crisis. Career strategies of Antwerp painters after 1585

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David van der Linden

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how painters responded to the crisis on the Antwerp art market in the 1580s. Although scholarship has stressed the profound crisis and subsequent emigration wave, prosopographical analysis shows that only a minority of painters left the city. Demand for Counter-Reformation artworks allowed many to pursue their career in Antwerp, while others managed to survive the crisis by relying on cheap apprentices and the export of mass-produced paintings. Emigrant painters, on the other hand, minimised the risk of migration by settling in destinations that already had close artistic ties to Antwerp, such as Middelburg. Prosopographical analysis thus allows for a more nuanced understanding of artistic careers in the Low Countries.

  11. Microbiological Quality of Cream-Cakes Sold in Tekirdag Province

    OpenAIRE

    A. M. Konyalı; O. Dagliogli; Gumus, T

    2005-01-01

    This study was aimed to determine the microbiological qualities of totally 120 cream cakes including chocolate and fruit type, purchased from 30 randomly selected pastry shops in Tekirdağ province. Based on the Turkish Food Codex Microbiological Criterias Communique; 59, 50, 16 and 53 out of 60 chocolate cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (98.3% of the total >105 cfu/g), coliform bacteria (83.3%of the tota...

  12. QUALITY AND QUANTITY SURVEY OF HOSPITAL WASTEWATERS IN HORMOZGAN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh. Sarafraz, M. R. Khani, K. Yaghmaeian

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Hospital wastewaters are one of the most contaminating wastewaters and need to be paid more attention due to containing infectious agents. In this study, which had been conducted in a period of one year, 7 public hospitals were selected out of 12 public hospitals in Hormozgan Province of Iran. For studying quality of wastewater in hospitals, both influent and effluent wastewaters of treatment plant, if any, were sampled once in each season and totally 30 mixed samples were obtained. In order to determine the quality of hospital wastewaters in all samples, parameters such as pH, BOD5, COD, TSS and temperature were measured. Results of investigation on annual water consumption indicated that average water consumption in hospitals of the province was 194m3/d., considering water-to-wastewater conversion ratio of 0.8 and green yard ratio of 0.3. Wastewater production rate had been estimated to be 47m3/d and 0.362 m3/d.bed. Results indicated that in 7 hospitals of Hormozgan province, mean values of BOD5 ,COD ,TSS in raw wastewater were 242.25 mg/L, 628.1 mg/L and 231.25 mg/L, respectively, pH=7.42 and temperature=30.17 ºC. In Khalij-e-Fars hospital which had wastewater treatment plant, values of these parameters in effluent were 12.53 mg/L and 51.7 mg/L, 19.68 mg/L, respectively, with pH=7.39 and temperature=26.1 ºC. Comparison between values of influent and effluent wastewaters indicated that in understudy cases, contamination rate was higher than determined limits, as compared to environmental standards of the country and it was necessary to establish appropriate treatment plants in these units.

  13. An urban transport emission model for the Antwerp area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a detailed modelling approach which provides hourly emissions of CO, NOx, VOC, PM, SO2 and Pb for individual streets and road segments in the Antwerp area (20 km x 20 km). The hourly emissions are computed as a function of road type, vehicle type, fuel type, traffic volume, vehicle age, trip length distribution and the actual ambient temperature. The traffic volumes are derived from an urban traffic flow model for the city of Antwerp, which contains a network with almost 2000 road segments. The traffic flow model has been implemented in a GIS environment. The emission factors used in the model are derived from the COPERT-II methodology. Cold start emissions and evaporation losses are included in the model. Results are shown for the hourly hot- and cold start emissions obtained for CO, NOx and VOC. For these pollutants a partial validation of the model results was carried out by comparing the COPERT-II emission factors with on-the-road traffic emission measurements carried out for gasoline passenger cars with a closed-loop controlled three-way catalyst. (author)

  14. Microbiological Quality of Cream-Cakes Sold in Tekirdag Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Konyalı

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the microbiological qualities of totally 120 cream cakes including chocolate and fruit type, purchased from 30 randomly selected pastry shops in Tekirdağ province. Based on the Turkish Food Codex Microbiological Criterias Communique; 59, 50, 16 and 53 out of 60 chocolate cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (98.3% of the total >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (83.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (26.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (88.3% of the total >103 cfu/g. On the other hand, 60, 56, 19 and 55 out of 60 fruit cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (100 % >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (93.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (31.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (91.6% of the total >103 cfu/g. Salmonella were not detected in any of the chocolate and fruit cake samples. Obtained results showed that the microbiological qualities of cakes were poor due to poor hygiene and poor food handling practices in pastry shops.

  15. Transport of NORM in the Port of Antwerp: From Megaports to a Special Purpose Measurement Methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When nuclear inspections are conducted in the port of Antwerp, many alarms are triggered by NORM. This paper presents an overview and preliminary results of a study taking place in the port of Antwerp and at NORM handling companies. The study aims to get an overview of NORM transport in the port of Antwerp, including quantity, destination, dose rates and activity concentrations. Furthermore, a methodology is being developed to obtain an in situ estimation of the activity concentration of material in containment systems typically used in industry (shipping containers and bulk bags). The preliminary results of the assessment of this methodology are discussed. (author)

  16. Building Forecast Maps Of Water Quality For Main Rivers And Canals In Tien Giang Province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Anh Duc Pham; Duong Truong Thi Thuy; Dung Dang Quoc

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to enhance the mapping of forecast for water quality assessment in Mekong Delta provinces. The data from 32 sites from main rivers and canals in an area of around 2,482 km2 in Tien Giang Province, Vietnam, were used for calculation and mapping. The ArcGIS 9.3 software, Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) interpolation method, hydrologic data, and water quality parameters in March (2010-2014) were applied to build the maps showing 2020 water quality predictions for main rivers and...

  17. Evaluation on Ideal Test Sites and Regional Characteristics of Cotton Fiber Quality in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian LI; Naiyin XU

    2015-01-01

    Objective] The aim of this study was to explore the dominant fiber quality traits of test sites in cotton regional trials , by analyzing the regional characteristics of cotton fiber quality in Jiangsu province, in order to provide the theory background for cotton fiber quality improvement. [Method] The dominant fiber quality traits of test locations were analyzed with eight main fiber quality indexes of hybrid cotton regional trials during 2009-2013 in Jiangsu province by use of the "ideal test site"view of GGE biplot. [Result] The test locations with the best integrative fiber quality were proved to be Yanliang, and fol owed by Dongxin and Guanyun; The better test locations in terms of the major fiber quality indexes, including fiber strength, fiber Length and micronaire value, were Guanyun, Xinyang and Yanliang; To sum up, the best test location with balanced fiber quality was Yanliang. The test locations with specialties in fiber quality index were listed as bel ow: Dafeng, Xinghua and Dongtai performance better in fiber length; Qidong, Liuhe and Yanhai locations were of bet-ter fiber length uniformity; Sheyang and Dongxin were better in micronaire value;while Sheyang along was better in fiber elongation and reflectance. Moreover, the correlation between fiber yel owness and other traits was significant (P<0.01). [Con-clusion] The regional characteristic of cotton fiber quality index in Jiangsu province was obvious and fiber yel owness was worthy an indicator trait to assist the compre-hensive improvement of cotton fiber quality.

  18. Building Forecast Maps Of Water Quality For Main Rivers And Canals In Tien Giang Province, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anh Duc Pham

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to enhance the mapping of forecast for water quality assessment in Mekong Delta provinces. The data from 32 sites from main rivers and canals in an area of around 2,482 km2 in Tien Giang Province, Vietnam, were used for calculation and mapping. The ArcGIS 9.3 software, Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW interpolation method, hydrologic data, and water quality parameters in March (2010-2014 were applied to build the maps showing 2020 water quality predictions for main rivers and canals in Tien Giang Province. The estimation was based on the Water Quality Index (WQI with 6 parameters such as pH, total suspended solid (TSS, dissolved oxygen (DO, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD, total nitrogen (T_N, and coliform. The results showed that water quality in the studied area in dry season will not be improved by the year 2020. The finding could be a scientific reference for the selection of effective approaches to improve water quality in main rivers and canals in Tien Giang Province.

  19. Syphilis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and cytomegalovirus infection in homosexual men in Antwerp.

    OpenAIRE

    Coester, C H; Avonts, D; Colaert, J; Desmyter, J; Piot, P.

    1984-01-01

    In a homosexual communication centre in Antwerp 196 homosexual men were screened for seromarkers of syphilis, hepatitis A (HAV), hepatitis B (HBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV). A comparison group consisted of 118 heterosexual men attending a venereal disease clinic in Antwerp. Treponemal antibodies were found in 7.1% of homosexual men, of whom half gave no history of past or present infection. Anti HAV was present in 43.3%, HBV seromarkers in 34.4%, and CMV antibodies in 71.2% of homosexual men....

  20. QUALITY OF RECREATIONAL SPORTS AND NEEDS OF WEST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE SPORT FACILITY

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrdad Moharramzadeh; Reza Talaie

    2011-01-01

    Study to assess the quality of recreational and sporting needs of places in Western Azerbaijanprovince pays the study based on time; present oriented; and practical purpose of collecting databased on how descriptive and field studies of reading and Theoretical Evaluation quality ofrecreational and sporting needs of places in Western Azerbaijan province was conducted.Research data showed. Overall safety of the spectators standing; overall health status related tosafety; overall safety and over...

  1. Low-Educated Second Language and Literacy Acquisition : Proceedings of the 4th Symposium Antwerp 2008

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Craats, Ineke van de; Kurvers, Jeanne

    2009-01-01

    The language and literacy development by adult learners with little or no schooling in their native country continues to be a relatively new and almost unexplored domain. The fourth LESLLA symposium in Antwerp brought together researchers, policy-makers, and practitioners from various countries with

  2. Physicochemical Quality of Drinking Water of Kermanshah Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahfooz Moradi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Physicochemical quality of drinking water has a direct impact on consumer health and fluoride, nitrite, nitrate, total dissolved solids compounds and pH are their important parameters that have closely relationship with community health. In many cases, source nitrate of water is due to agriculture activities, landfill sites and also potassium nitrate that used in the manufacture of glass, nitrite in form of sodium nitrite used as a food preservative too.

  3. Assessment and mapping of environmental quality in agricultural soils of Zhejiang Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Jie-liang; SHI Zhou; ZHU You-wei

    2007-01-01

    Heavy metal concentrations in agricultural soils of Zhejiang Province were monitored to indicate the status of heavy metal contamination and assess environmental quality of agricultural soils. A total of 908 soil samples were collected from 38 counties in Zhejiang Province and eight heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Pb, Hg, Cu, Zn, Ni and As) concentrations had been evaluated in agricultural soil. It was found 775 samples were unpolluted and 133 samples were slightly polluted and more respectively, that is about 14.65% agricultural soil samples had the heavy metal concentration above the threshold level in this province by means of Nemerow's synthetical pollution index method according to the second grade of Standards for Soil Environmental Quality of China (GB15618-1995). Contamination of Cd was the highest, followed by Pb, As and Hg were lower correspondingly. Moreover, Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) interpolation method was used to make an assessment map of soil environmental quality based on the Nemerow's pollution index and the soil environmental quality was categorized into five grades. Moreover, ten indices were calculated as input parameters for Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and the principal components (PCs) were created to compare environmental quality of different soils and regions. The results revealed that environmental quality of tea soils was better than that of paddy soils, vegetable soils and fruit soils. This study indicated that GIS combined with multivariate statistical approaches proved to be effective and powerful tool in the mapping of soil contaminations distribution and the assessment of soil environmental quality on provincial scale, which is benefited to environmental protection and management decision-making by local government.

  4. WATER QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF BARFABAD RIVER IN KERMANSHAH PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Imandel

    2000-12-01

    For assessing the water quality of the river, 8 stations were chosen and 72 samples were taken during 9 months from April 1997 to January 1998 and were analysed according to the standard methods. Sewage of Islamabad and Kerend cities, with population of 77412 and 10760, respectively, and wastewater of the Islamabad sugar factory, and slaughterhouse of Islamabad and Keredn, discharge into the river without any treatment. Due to discharge of Islamabad sugar factory wastewater into the river, in November, BOD and COD load in the 4th station was 122 and 376 mg/l respectively, in comparison with the first 15 mg/l, showing increases of 15/2 and 25 times, respectively. The least concentration of DO was 5 mg/l in November in the 5th station during 9 months, in comparison with the first station which was 7.5 mg/l, CDO decreased 15 times. The highest amount of turbidity was 150 N.T.U. in the 4th station in October, which in comparison with the first station with 15 N.T.U. the turbidity showed an increase of 10 times. In addition, the presence of biological indicators such as sludge worm and leach in the 5th and 7th stations in October and November indicated high level of pollution during those months.

  5. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    OpenAIRE

    W.Wilopo; R.Resili; D.P.E. Putra

    2013-01-01

    There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our dat...

  6. The Quality Assurance Project assists the vitamin A capsule program in Antique Province, Philippines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blumenfeld, S

    1994-01-01

    Vitamin A deficiency remains an important problem in some parts of the Philippines. The Department of Health, with assistance from the Helen Keller Institute (HKI), established a vitamin A supplementation program in Antique Province providing for the administration of vitamin A capsules to malnourished children. Although the HKI cut off its assistance in 1992, continuation of the capsule supplementation program was an element of the National Nutrition Plan for 1992-96, and remains an element of the Antique Provincial health services program under the Philippines' devolved health services scheme. The Quality Assurance Program (QAP) in May 1993 began helping the Provincial Health Office improve the quality of the vitamin A program. A systems analysis was first undertaken to identify significant deviations from provider performance standards which had been adapted by the province from Nutrition Service guidelines. Many problems were observed, including lack of knowledge of the high-priority categories of children, incomplete counseling, and frequent mistakes in determining children's nutritional status. The provincial health office staff recommended that six of the province's seventeen municipalities participate in the quality improvement effort. The intent of the QAP staff was not only to help the provincial staff improve the quality of its vitamin A program by resolving some immediate operational problems, but to provide the health care workers with a quality improvement experience that they would intuitively transfer to other programs for which they were responsible. The coaching/facilitating approach of modern quality management allowed health workers to explore their own approaches to solving the problems chosen. PMID:12319096

  7. Evaluation of Farmers’ Working Quality in Jilin Province on the Basis of AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In terms of the working quality of agricultural production and the working quality of non-agricultural production, the evaluation index system of the working quality of farmers is established. By using integrated fuzzy method based on AHP, we determine the weight of each index, and establish membership matrix of this evaluation index system. Taking Jilin Province as an example, we select developed regions, underdeveloped regions and comparatively developed regions respectively to conduct survey. By using the data from survey, according to the established evaluation index system, we conduct empirical analysis of the working quality of farmers. The results show that the working quality of farmers in the developed regions is relatively high, the working quality of farmers in the comparatively developed regions is ordinary, and the working quality of farmers in the underdeveloped regions is relatively low; the physical quality, educational quality and technological quality of farmers in the developed regions are high; the operation quality of agricultural production of farmers in the underdeveloped regions is high; the operation quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions is high; the working quality of agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions is higher than the working quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions; the working quality of non-agricultural industries of farmers in the developed regions is higher than the working quality of agricultural production. The urgent priority of constructing new village is to coordinate urban-rural development, and to offer preferential policies and capital for the villages with backward economic development level.

  8. Quality Characteristics of Tobacco Leaves with Different Aromatic Styles from Guizhou Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Song; WANG Zheng-yin; SHI Jun-xiong

    2007-01-01

    The relationships between chemical components and quality indexes were studied in the tobacco leaves with different aromatic styles. A total of 16 chemical components, 4 quality indexes, and 6 smoking quality indexes from 366 tobacco leaf samples with 4 different types of aroma from Guizhou Province, China, were subjected to principal component analysis and stepwise regression analysis. The tobacco leaves with different types of aroma showed remarkable difference in the contents of chemical components, quality indexes, and smoking quality indexes. The first principal factors (carbohydrates and nitrogen-containing compounds) of the chemical composition of the leaf were similar among different types of aroma,which showed that the quality of the leaf was mainly influenced by carbohydrates and nitrogen-containing compounds and their ratios. The factors for the second through the seventh principal components varied largely among various aromatic types, suggesting the contribution of other chemical components to the leaf quality. In addition, the smoking quality of four different aromatic leaves showed significant correlation with the different chemical components. The quality of tobacco leaves with different types of aroma was influenced by multiple factors, especially ecological conditions and culture techniques, which may provide guidance for directive cultivation of high-quality tobacco leaves.

  9. Neoliberal Urban Movements? A Geography of Conflict and Mobilisation over Urban Renaissance in Antwerp, Belgium

    OpenAIRE

    Loopmans, Maarten; Dirckx, Toon

    2011-01-01

    This chapter maps new forms of contentious mobilisation around neoliberal urban policies in Antwerp, Belgium. Neoliberal urban policies are confronted with the uneasy task to match local competitiveness with collective provision and so-cial cohesion. The upgrading of the built environment offers the opportunity to in-tegrate both aspirations, but simultaneously provides people with a concrete focus for mobilisation. Building on Urban Social Movement theory, we identify 5 types of urban mobili...

  10. Does Antwerp Belong to Everyone? Unveiling the Conditional Limits to Inclusive Urban Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Van Puymbroeck

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Recent theoretical discussions have indicated that citizenship is not only a way of being, but also a way of behaving. This article aims to show how attempts to regulate the behaviour of the citizenry can introduce a new topography of inclusion and exclusion, thereby exercising a direct effect on particular ethnic minorities. We investigate the issue in Antwerp, the largest city of the Flemish Region in Belgium. With his slogan ‘Antwerp belongs to everyone’ former mayor Patrick Janssens gained significant international attention for Antwerp’s supposedly inclusive conception of urban citizenship. In this article, we argue that the universality of Antwerp’s city slogan has nevertheless veiled the introduction of new exclusionary prescriptions centred around citizens’ conduct. Drawing on a Foucauldian account of power, three different modes of policing are discussed that have rearticulated the boundaries of urban citizenship in Antwerp. The disciplinary, bio-political and etho-political techniques of power each show in a different way attempts by the state to steer and effectively regulate what counts as appropriate conduct. As a corollary of governmental power, particular ways of behaving have been labelled as deviant and abnormal, thus rendering full citizenship conditional on a set of substantial expectations on how to perform as a citizen. As these expectations are only apparently neutral with respect to ethnic identities, a tension arose between the city’s universal and inclusive rhetoric and its particular and exclusionary policies.

  11. The influence of land use change on karst water quality of Shuicheng Basin in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIAYanan; YUANDaoxian

    2004-01-01

    The influence of land use and land cover on ecological environment is a focus of global change research. The paper chooses an industrial city-Shuicheng in Guizhou Province-as a study area because the karst water quality around the city is deteriorating with land use and land cover change.The natural susceptibility of karst water system is an important factor leading to karst water pollution.But land use and land cover change is also a main factor according to the chemical analysis of karst water quality and land use change. So it is a good way to protect karst water through rational planning and managing of land use and land cover.

  12. Surface and groundwater quality in the northeastern region of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galindo, G.; Sainato, C.; Dapeña, C.; Fernández-Turiel, J. L.; Gimeno, D.; Pomposiello, M. C.; Panarello, H. O.

    2007-04-01

    This work studies the water quality of the Pergamino-Arrecifes River zone in the Rolling Pampa, northeast Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Temperature, pH, specific conductivity, Na, K, Mg, Ca, SO42-, Cl -, HCO3-, NO3-, Si, Ag, Al, As, B, Ba, Be, Br, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, P, Pb, Se, Tl, U, V, Zn, and the environmental stable δ18O and δ2H isotope ratios were determined in 18 sampling stations. Natural and anthropogenic features influence surface and groundwater quality. Point pollution sources (septic wells and other domestic and farming effluents) increase the nitrate concentration. The values of pH, NO3-, Al, As, B, Fe, and Mn exceed the respective Argentine reference thresholds in different sampling stations for human drinking water; B, Mo, U, and V for irrigation; and V and Zn for cattle consumption.

  13. The relationship between depression and quality of life among hemodialysis patients in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province in the year 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Hemati, Zaynab; Alidosti, Massomeh; Sharifirad, Golamreza; Kargar, Mehdy

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Although hemodialysis is therapeutic, it causes numerous physical and psychological tensions, which affect the quality of life of patients. Assessing the quality of life helps to consider clients’ problems; basically, the relationship between depression and quality of life of patients has been observed in this study. Materials and Methods: This was an analytic–descriptive study in which the patients received hemodialysis in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. They were monitored...

  14. Agricultural Bank performance, perceived quality, from the perspective of bank customers Kermanshah Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Rangriz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In today's world, enjoying favorable rates, and optimize existing resources, in order to achieve economic goals, a measure that reflects the degree of development of the communities. The present study was to investigate the causes of the financial decentralization farmers in Kermanshah Province; the Agricultural Bank has been done. Since the purpose of researching, identifying causes, the financing bank, the important role is to investigate the factors known, the Bank of experts and scholars, including quality of service, and customer satisfaction is discussed., in this regard, using the SERVQUAL model, which has five dimensions: tangibility, reliability, responsiveness, reliability and empathy that show quality of services provided, and the comparison between the quality of performance expected by bank customers to their satisfaction achieved, using descriptive and inferential statistics (nonparametric Wilcoxon test to test the hypotheses, a sample of 375 persons from customers (with a deposit of three hundred million rials, Agricultural Bank of Kermanshah discussed, and hypotheses of the study, the significance level been confirmed, indicating that the quality of performance and expected service Agricultural Bank customers Kermanshah, there is no significant difference.

  15. Opportunistic mobile air pollution monitoring: A case study with city wardens in Antwerp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van den Bossche, Joris; Theunis, Jan; Elen, Bart; Peters, Jan; Botteldooren, Dick; De Baets, Bernard

    2016-09-01

    The goal of this paper is to explore the potential of opportunistic mobile monitoring to map the exposure to air pollution in the urban environment at a high spatial resolution. Opportunistic mobile monitoring makes use of existing mobile infrastructure or people's common daily routines to move measurement devices around. Opportunistic mobile monitoring can also play a crucial role in participatory monitoring campaigns as a typical way to gather data. A case study to measure black carbon was set up in Antwerp, Belgium, with the collaboration of city employees (city wardens). The Antwerp city wardens are outdoors for a large part of the day on surveillance tours by bicycle or on foot, and gathered a total of 393 h of measurements. The data collection is unstructured both in space and time, leading to sampling bias. A temporal adjustment can only partly counteract this bias. Although a high spatial coverage was obtained, there is still a rather large uncertainty on the average concentration levels at a spatial resolution of 50 m due to a limited number of measurements and sampling bias. Despite of this uncertainty, large spatial patterns within the city are clearly captured. This study illustrates the potential of campaigns with unstructured opportunistic mobile monitoring, including participatory monitoring campaigns. The results demonstrate that such an approach can indeed be used to identify broad spatial trends over a wider area, enabling applications including hotspot identification, personal exposure studies, regression mapping, etc. But, they also emphasize the need for repeated measurements and careful processing and interpretation of the data.

  16. Quality control of X-ray equipment in some hospitals of Las Tunas province in Cuba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of the quality controls executed in 33 X-ray rooms of Las Tunas Province in Cuba. Specific tests for the X-ray generators, X-ray Tube, as well as the visualization systems and darkrooms were included. The results also include the estimation of patient doses for some standard radiographic projections (thorax, lumbar spine, abdomen, skull, and pelvis). The results of the evaluation of X-ray equipment was made following the procedures and tolerance included on the technical guidelines elaborated by the National Control Center of Medical Devices, which is the center for regulation of medical devices in the Republic of Cuba. Patient doses obtained were compared with the references levels reported in The International Basic Safety Standards for Protection against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources (BSS). (author)

  17. Multicenter Collaborative Quality Assurance Program for the Province of Ontario, Canada: First-Year Results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The objective of this work was to develop a collaborative quality assurance (CQA) program to assess the performance of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) planning and delivery across the province of Ontario, Canada. Methods and Materials: The CQA program was designed to be a comprehensive end-to-end test that can be completed on multiple planning and delivery platforms. The first year of the program included a head-and-neck (H and N) planning exercise and on-site visit to acquire dosimetric measurements to assess planning and delivery performance. A single dosimeter was used at each institution, and the planned to measured dose agreement was evaluated for both the H and N plan and a standard plan (linear-accelerator specific) that was created to enable a direct comparison between centers with similar infrastructure. Results: CQA program feasibility was demonstrated through participation of all 13 radiation therapy centers in the province. Planning and delivery was completed on a variety of infrastructure (treatment planning systems and linear accelerators). The planning exercise was completed using both static gantry and rotational IMRT, and planned-to-delivered dose agreement (pass rates) for 3%/3-mm gamma evaluation were greater than 90% (92.6%-99.6%). Conclusions: All centers had acceptable results, but variation in planned to delivered dose agreement for the same planning and delivery platform was noted. The upper end of the range will provide an achievable target for other centers through continued quality improvement, aided by feedback provided by the program through the use of standard plans and simple test fields

  18. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment

  19. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment.

  20. Analysis of Supply Chain Model of Agricultural Products and Quality Safety: A Case Study of Heilongjiang Province

    OpenAIRE

    Huo, Hong; Shen, Xin; Huang, Zhipeng

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the supply chain models of four types of agricultural products, namely fruits and vegetables, poultry, aquatic products and dairy, and the food safety problems arising from the links of supply chain. In view of different models, corresponding suggestions are put forward to ensure the quality safety of agricultural products in Heilongjiang Province.

  1. Analysis of Supply Chain Model of Agricultural Products and Quality Safety——A Case Study of Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the supply chain models of four types of agricultural products,namely fruits and vegetables,poultry,aquatic products and dairy,and the food safety problems arising from the links of supply chain.In view of different models,corresponding suggestions are put forward to ensure the quality safety of agricultural products in Heilongjiang Province.

  2. From the Constitution to the Classroom: Educational Freedom in Antwerp's Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry-Hazan, Lotem

    2014-01-01

    This study explores how the constitutional right to educational freedom penetrates to the schools of the ultra-Orthodox Jewish (Haredi) community in Antwerp, which is one of the largest Haredi communities in the world. The findings indicate that the constitutional educational freedom is altered by various legal rules, social norms, and…

  3. A Mirror to the Eyes of the Mind. Metaphor in Otto van Veen’s Amoris Divini Emblemata (Antwerp 1615)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boot, P.; Dekoninck, R.; Guiderdoni-Bruslé, A.

    2007-01-01

    The paper will give an account of metaphorical processes in Otto van Veen’s Amoris Divini Emblemata (Antwerp 1615). It argues that, among other things, the shared contextual metaphors in picture and text are what makes the book a coherent whole. Embedding of a metaphor in an allegorical setting crea

  4. Groundwater quality analysis using multivariate statistical techniques (case study: Fars province, Iran).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noshadi, Masoud; Ghafourian, Amir

    2016-07-01

    This research investigated the quality of groundwater of 298 wells during 10 years, in Fars province, southern Iran, to survey spatial variation of groundwater quality and also major sources of hydro-chemical components for drinking and agricultural uses. To classify the sampling stations in each year, hierarchical cluster analysis, using the Euclidean distances and "Ward" method, was used. According to the results of cluster analysis, there were three quality groups in groundwater of the research area: first group of 170 wells with type of Ca-HCO3, second group of 98 wells with type of Ca-HCO3, and third group of 30 wells with type of Na-Cl. Hydro-chemical parameters were increased from the first to the third group, and on the basis of Schoeller and USSL diagrams, the water of wells of the third group was considered unsuitable for irrigation and drinking. Principal component (PC) analysis and factor analysis reduced the complex and voluminous data matrix into three main components, accounting for more than 80 % of the total variance. The first PC contained TDS, EC, TH, Na(+), Cl(-), Mg(2+), SO4 (2-), Ca(2+), and SAR parameters. Therefore, the first dominant factor was salinity. In PC2, HCO3 and pH were the dominant parameters, which may indicate weathering of silicate minerals. The PC3 contained high loadings for NO2 (2-) and NO3 (-). This factor indicates anthropogenic contaminants that may be caused by improper disposal of domestic wastes or the use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture and leaching of them. PMID:27317054

  5. Indoor air quality levels in a University Hospital in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud F El-Sharkawy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the Study: The complex hospital environment requires special attention to ensure a healthy indoor air quality (IAQ to protect patients and healthcare workers against hospital-acquired infections and occupational diseases. Poor hospital IAQ may cause outbreaks of building-related illness such as headaches, fatigue, eye, and skin irritations, and other symptoms. The general objective for this study was to assess IAQ inside a large University hospital at Al-Khobar City in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Different locations representing areas where most activities and tasks are performed were selected as sampling points for air pollutants in the selected hospital. In addition, several factors were studied to determine those that were most likely to affect the IAQ levels. The temperature and relative percent humidity of different air pollutants were measured simultaneously at each location. Results: The outdoor levels of all air pollutant levels, except volatile organic compounds (VOCs, were higher than the indoor levels which meant that the IAQ inside healthcare facilities (HCFs were greatly affected by outdoor sources, particularly traffic. The highest levels of total suspended particulates (TSPs and those less than 10 microns (PM 10 inside the selected hospital were found at locations that are characterized with m4ore human activity. Conclusions:Levels of particulate matter (both PM 10 and TSP were higher than the Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs. The highest concentrations of the fungal species recorded were Cladosporium and Penicillium. Education of occupants of HCF on IAQ is critical. They must be informed about the sources and effects of contaminants and the proper operation of the ventilation system.

  6. IMPACT OF MINING WASTES ON GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN THE PROVINCE JERADA (EASTERN MOROCCO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BATTIOUI MOUNIA

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Jerada coal mine is located in north east of Morocco, and closed in late 2001.Today the quantity stored is about 15 to 20 million tonnes. These releases contain significant levels of accompanying elements or secondary minerals such as iron sulfides (pyrite and their oxidation products.Monitor the groundwater quality was developed in the region in order to assess the quality of these waters and to estimate the risk of contamination. The study focused on 35 wells spread to cover almost all of the study area.Two main sampling campaigns were conducted, the first one in October 2010, the second in July 2011.The pH of the different measuring points is generally between 6 and alkaline tending 8 show groundwater level in the region.The results obtained by ion chromatography show an average sulphate concentration of about 700mg/l.These concentrations are much higher in the wet season than the dry season. The average nitrate levels are in the range of 300mg/l while those chlorides are of the order of 418 mg/l.The analysis by emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP showed mean concentrations of calcium in the range of 170mg/l,340mg/l for sodium and 309mg/l for magnesium while contents of Al, As, Cd remain negligible or even below the detection limit.The results of physico-chemical analysis of groundwater level in the province of Jerada show high pollution level in the region.

  7. An assessment of routine primary care health information system data quality in Sofala Province, Mozambique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuembelo Fatima

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Primary health care is recognized as a main driver of equitable health service delivery. For it to function optimally, routine health information systems (HIS are necessary to ensure adequate provision of health care and the development of appropriate health policies. Concerns about the quality of routine administrative data have undermined their use in resource-limited settings. This evaluation was designed to describe the availability, reliability, and validity of a sample of primary health care HIS data from nine health facilities across three districts in Sofala Province, Mozambique. HIS data were also compared with results from large community-based surveys. Methodology We used a methodology similar to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria data verification bottom-up audit to assess primary health care HIS data availability and reliability. The quality of HIS data was validated by comparing three key indicators (antenatal care, institutional birth, and third diptheria, pertussis, and tetanus [DPT] immunization with population-level surveys over time. Results and discussion The data concordance from facility clinical registries to monthly facility reports on five key indicators--the number of first antenatal care visits, institutional births, third DPT immunization, HIV testing, and outpatient consults--was good (80%. When two sites were excluded from the analysis, the concordance was markedly better (92%. Of monthly facility reports for immunization and maternity services, 98% were available in paper form at district health departments and 98% of immunization and maternity services monthly facility reports matched the Ministry of Health electronic database. Population-level health survey and HIS data were strongly correlated (R = 0.73, for institutional birth, first antenatal care visit, and third DPT immunization. Conclusions Our results suggest that in this setting, HIS data are both reliable and

  8. The hygienic-related microbiological quality of drinking water sources Al-Baha Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    Omer, Eltigani O.M.; Abdullah A Algamidi; Ibrahim M Algamidi; Ali Fadlelmula; Ali Saad R Alsubaie

    2014-01-01

    Background: Contaminated water is a suitable medium to transmit diseases. The assessment of potential risks from microbial contamination of drinking water supplies is of great concern to human health. Materials and Methods: This observational cross-section study designed to assess the effect of environmental factors on the microbiological quality of drinking water in Baljuorshi city, Al Baha Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The study includes bacteriological analysis of all the d...

  9. Effects of Rainfall on Water Quality of Aquaculture along the Coastal Areas of Jiangsu Province and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to decrease the effects of rainfall on water quality of aquaculture along the coastal areas of Jiangsu Province and improve the yield and quality of aquatic products.[Method] We firstly designed the methods to calculate average pH of different rainfalls,total precipitation,as well as the changes of pH and salinity in the studied pond and coastal culture zone,then analyzed the dynamic variation of precipitation,pH and salinity caused by rainfall to discuss the effects of rainfall ...

  10. Community perception of quality of (primary) health care services in a rural area of Limpopo Province, South Africa: a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    T-AB Mashego; PELTZER, K.

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the study was to survey perceptions of quality of (primary) health care services provided in rural communities in the Limpopo province. Ten focus groups discussions were held with community members chosen by convenience from public places from four villages in the central region of the Limpopo Province. The sample included 42 women and 34 men (76 participants). Results indicated perceived quality discussed within the following categories: (1) conduct of staff (reception, communicat...

  11. The Art of Compromise: Legislative Deliberations on Marine Insurance Institutions in Antwerp (c. 1550-c. 1570

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dave de Ruysscher

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Dave De Ruysscher and Jeroen Puttevils look into the complex interaction – typicalof the Low Countries – between various stakeholders (economic agents, citygovernment and central government that shaped the legislation of economic practices. Eschewing top-down (the central government imposes its rules and bottom-up (merchants sought to have their customs legalised models, and taking into account the powers enjoyed by city governments in the Low Countries, which were both ample but also constrained by the central government, the authors tracethe development of one particular type of contract and transaction – sixteenth century marine insurance, a growing sector for which Antwerp became the key centre. By laying bare the negotiation process which preceded the compromise, they find that decisions on the legislation regarding marine insurance were both politically and economically induced. The three major agents (merchants, city government and central government were not monolithic blocs: within the Antwerp mercantile community different opinions on marine insurance and its legislation could be heard. There were ‘national’ differences and small-time insurance purchasers thought differently about state legislation than their larger colleagues and insurers. Parties with political clout also had a stronger voice in negotiations. De kunst van het compromis. Onderhandelingen over wetgeving voor hetzeeverzekeringswezen in Antwerpen (c. 1550-c. 1570De wetgeving rond economische praktijken in de zestiende-eeuwse Nederlanden werd in belangrijke mate bepaald door de complexe interactie tussen verschillende belangengroepen (economische agenten, stedelijke overheid en centraal gezag. Dave De ruysscher en Jeroen Puttevils zijn van mening dat top-down (de vorst legt zijn regels op en bottum-up modellen (kooplieden willen hun gewoonten omgezet zien in wetten weinig afdoend zijn en stellen zich vragen bij de reikwijdte van de macht van stedelijke

  12. Determination of the water quality index ratings of water in the Mpumalanga and North West provinces, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanda, Elijah M. M.; Mamba, Bhekie B.; Msagati, Titus A. M.

    2016-04-01

    This study reports on the water quality index (WQI) of wastewater and drinking water in the Mpumalanga and North West provinces of South Africa. The WQI is one of the most effective tools available to water sustainability researchers, because it provides an easily intelligible ranking of water quality on a rating scale from 0 to 100, based on the ascription of different weightings to several different parameters. In this study the WQI index ratings of wastewater and drinking water samples were computed according to the levels of pH, electrical conductivity (EC), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), E. coli, temperature, turbidity and nutrients (nitrogen and phosphates) found in water samples collected from the two provinces between June and December, 2014. This study isolated three groups of WQ-rated waters, namely: fair (with a WQI range = 32.87-38.54%), medium (with a WQI range = 56.54-69.77%) and good (with a WQI range = 71.69-81.63%). More specifically, 23%, 23% and 54% of the sampled sites registered waters with fair, medium and good WQ ratings respectively. None of the sites sampled during the entire period of the project registered excellent or very good water quality ratings, which would ordinarily indicate that no treatment is required to make it fit for human consumption. Nevertheless, the results obtained by the Eerstehoek and Schoemansville water treatment plants in Mpumalanga and North West provinces, respectively, suggest that substantial improvement in the quality of water samples is possible, since the WQI values for all of the treated samples were higher than those for raw water. Presence of high levels of BOD, low levels of dissolved oxygen (DO), E. coli, nitrates and phosphates especially in raw water samples greatly affected their overall WQ ratings. It is recommended that a point-of-use system should be introduced to treat water intended for domestic purposes in the clean-water-deprived areas.

  13. Quality of Life of People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Sectional Study in Zhejiang Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liping, Ma; Peng, Xu; Haijiang, Lin; Lahong, Ju; Fan, Lv

    2015-01-01

    Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has become a concept commonly used in the related research. Using the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire for Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF), this study evaluated the Quality of Life (QOL) of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Zhejiang province, China, and assessed the influences of demographic, laboratory and disease-related variables on QOL. This cross-sectional study was conducted among PLWHA aged ≥ 18 years in Taizhou municipality, Zhejiang province, China, between August 1 and October 31, 2014. A multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the influential factors. Of 403 subjects, 72.48% were male, 72.46% had received a high- school or above education, 94.79% were of Han ethnicity, and 65.51% were non farmers. The total score of QOL was 15.99±1.99. The scores of QOL in physiological, psychological, social relation, and environmental domains were 14.99 ±2.25, 14.25 ±2.12, 13.22 ±2.37, and 13.31 ±1.99 respectively. Except the total score of QOL and the score of environmental domain (psocial relation and environmental domains also suggest that social relation and environmental interventions need to be strengthened. PMID:26308088

  14. Assessment of air quality management policies in China with integrated model framework: Case study for Hebei province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Q.; Zhao, Q.; Zheng, B.; Hong, C.; Tong, D.; Yang, W.; He, K.

    2015-12-01

    The Chinese government has pledged to clean urban air within five years from 2013 to 2017, to promote annual average PM2.5 concentration decline by 25%, 20% and 15% in the North China Plain, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, respectively. The national targets are disaggregated into provinces, where region-specific action plan is designed and implemented by local government. It is particularly important to timely assess the effectiveness of local emission control measures and guarantee local efforts are in line with the national goal. We develop an integrated model framework for air quality management and policy evaluation, by integrating a dynamic high-resolution emission model, an emission scenarios analysis tool, and a 3-D air quality model. We then put the model system into pilot use in Hebei province for policy making to achieve the air quality target of 2017. We first integrate over 3000 point source facilities into this system to develop a high-resolution emission inventory. Upon the base emission dataset, the efforts to mitigate emissions with current and enacted measures are tracked and quantified to dynamic account of emission changes monthly. Strict policies are designed within the model framework through analyzing the potential to cut emissions for each point source. The finalized policy package can reduce emissions of major air pollutants by 20%-40%, respectively, leading to large decrease of ambient PM2.5 concentration.

  15. The evolution of future geogenic matter fluxes due Enhanced Weathering: Results from the Antwerp Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, Jens; Weiss, Andreas; Struyf, Eric; Schoelynck, Jonas; Meire, Patrick; Amann, Thorben

    2015-04-01

    Understanding the evolution of geogenic matter fluxes in soils due the application of rock products ontop of soils is relevant to evaluate alteration of soil solutions and saturation states of solutes. In the future the practice of applying rock products will continue and areas affected will likely spread (Hartmann et al., 2013). This trend will likely be fuelled by attempts to optimize carbon dioxide removal by increasing biomass production, soil organic carbon stocks, increase crop production or afforestation. All those efforts demand a certain amount of geogenic nutrients, which need to be replaced. To investigate the release patterns and the downward transport of an array of elements, and to study their fate as well as reaction processes, altered through this practice, a mesocosm experiment was established at Antwerp University. Extended results will be presented (c.f., Weiss et al., 2014) focusing on the release and transport of DIC (dissolved inorganic carbon) and Mg (magnesium) in the soil column downwards after the application of 22 kg m-2 olivine powder. Elevated DIC and Mg concentrations are detected in case of olivine is applied to mesocosms with wheat and barley, if compared to the mesocsoms without plants, and without olivine. The change patterns in concentrations and fluxes will be discussed. Hartmann, J., et al. (2013) Enhanced chemical weathering as a geoengineering strategy to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide, supply nutrients, and mitigate ocean acidification. Reviews of Geophysics; 51(2), 113-149. doi: 10.1002/rog.20004 Weiss, A., et al. (2014) The overlooked compartment of the critical-zone-complex, considering the evolution of future geogenic matter fluxes: Agricultural topsoils. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 10, 339-342. doi:10.1016/j.proeps.2014.08.032

  16. A pilot study on 25-hydroxyvitamin D status according to sun exposure in pregnant women in Antwerp, Belgium

    OpenAIRE

    Vercruyssen, J.; Martin, M.; Jacquemyn, Y.

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency in utero or early neonatal life may have a major impact on children’s health. Little is known on vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women in Belgium, non on the impact of wearing head and/or body cover. Objectives: This was a preliminary exploration of the vitamin D status in pregnant women visiting the antenatal clinic in the Antwerp University Hospital. Method: From August 1 2009 until November 30 2009 we systematically determined 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH...

  17. Current and future pluvial flood hazard analysis for the city of Antwerp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willems, Patrick; Tabari, Hossein; De Niel, Jan; Van Uytven, Els; Lambrechts, Griet; Wellens, Geert

    2016-04-01

    For the city of Antwerp in Belgium, higher rainfall extremes were observed in comparison with surrounding areas. The differences were found statistically significant for some areas and may be the result of the heat island effect in combination with the higher concentrations of aerosols. A network of 19 rain gauges but with varying records length (the longest since the 1960s) and continuous radar data for 10 years were combined to map the spatial variability of rainfall extremes over the city at various durations from 15 minutes to 1 day together with the uncertainty. The improved spatial rainfall information was used as input in the sewer system model of the city to analyze the frequency of urban pluvial floods. Comparison with historical flood observations from various sources (fire brigade and media) confirmed that the improved spatial rainfall information also improved sewer impact results on both the magnitude and frequency of the sewer floods. Next to these improved urban flood impact results for recent and current climatological conditions, the new insights on the local rainfall microclimate were also helpful to enhance future projections on rainfall extremes and pluvial floods in the city. This was done by improved statistical downscaling of all available CMIP5 global climate model runs (160 runs) for the 4 RCP scenarios, as well as the available EURO-CORDEX regional climate model runs. Two types of statistical downscaling methods were applied for that purpose (a weather typing based method, and a quantile perturbation approach), making use of the microclimate results and its dependency on specific weather types. Changes in extreme rainfall intensities were analyzed and mapped as a function of the RCP scenario, together with the uncertainty, decomposed in the uncertainties related to the climate models, the climate model initialization or limited length of the 30-year time series (natural climate variability) and the statistical downscaling (albeit limited

  18. Spatial Strategy for Quality Labor in Rural Development——A Case Study of Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Yifei; WANG Hongyang

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the issue of high-quality labor in rural enterprises of China. It develops a spatial strategy which consists of two dimensions: geographical space and administrative space. Different combinations of these two dimensions form a variety of approaches such as local internalization, local externalization, regional/national internalization, and regional/national externalization. In the local internalization approach, rural enterprises hire such high-quality labor and ask them to work on site, while in the local externalization approach, rural enterprises seek help from employees working in other local enterprises. In the regional/national internalization approach, rural enterprises set up research and development centers in big cities to take advantages of the high-quality labor pool there. Finally in the regional/national externalization approach, rural enterprises hire people from big cities on temporary contracts. Three approaches, hiring retired technical workers, shuttling between the rural site and country seats, and setting up R&D centers in big cities are demonstrated through cases in Zhangjiagang, a leading county-level city in the southern Jiangsu Province. It is argued that rural enterprises need to broaden their perspectives of administrative space and geographical space and think creatively to deal with the shortage of quality labor in rural settings.

  19. Effect of Cold-Water Irrigation on Grain Quality Traits in japonica Rice Varieties from Yunnan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Guo-zhen; LIU Ji-xin; YANG Sea-jun; YEA Jong-doo; LIAO Xin-hua; SU Zhen-xi; SHI Rong; JIANG Cong; DAI Lu-yuan

    2009-01-01

    The response of grain quality traits to cold-water irrigation and its correlation with cold tolerance were studied in 11 japonica rice varieties from Yunnan Province, China. The results indicated that the response of grain quality traits to the cold-water stress varied with rice varieties and grain quality traits. Under the cold-water stress, grain width, chalky rice rate, whiteness, 1000-grain weight, brown rice rate, taste meter value, peak viscosity, trough viscosity, breakdown viscosity and final viscosity significantly decreased, whereas grain length-width ratio, head rice rate, alkali digestion value, protein content and setback viscosity markedly increased. However, the other traits such as grain length, amylose content, milled rice rate, peak viscosity time and pasting temperature were not significantly affected by the cold-water stress. Significant correlations were discovered between phenotypic acceptability and cold response indices of taste meter value, protein content, peak viscosity and breakdown viscosity. Therefore, it would be very important to improve the cold tolerance of Yunnan rice varieties in order to stabilize and improve their eating quality.

  20. Utilization of research reactor to the environmental application in Thailand. Air quality study in Saraburi Province, central Thailand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saraburi Province is facing difficulties due to high dust generating Industries which is the major economy of the area. Thus, the elemental composition of SPMs in Tumbon Na Phra Lan, Saraburi Province is being monitored. The samples were collected in each quarter from May 2005 to March 2006. Soil as well as fine particles from stacks of some selected manufacturers were also analyzed. The average weight of SPM was found lowest in wet season and highest in the middle of dry season. The average weight of SPM is also high in dry season and low in wet season. The elements found in the samples are Na, Mg, Al, As, Sr, Br, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, and Zn. Calcium is selected as the key elements since most postulated source of pollution is due industrial utilization of the limestone deposit. It is observed that the fine partials form stack are quite low which mean an effective emission control of fine particles form the selected manufacturers. The data is being utilized by the Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the environmental authority in Thailand. The authority will use this data to find possible solution for air quality improvement of the area. Future collaboration with environmental authority will be on the study of Thalenoi conservation area in the southern part of Thailand. (author)

  1. Investigating the Relationship between the Quality of Education and Level of Educational Attainment in Turkish Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumus, Sedat

    2012-01-01

    Research in comparative and international education indicates that the quality of education, as measured by standardized tests, and the level of educational attainment have a significant impact on individual earning and national economic growth. However, the relationship between the quality of education and the level of educational attainment has…

  2. Valuing Water Quality Improvement in China : A Case Study of Lake Puzhehei in Yunnan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Hua; Shi, Yuyan; Kim, Yoonhee; Kamata, Takuya

    2013-01-01

    While polluted surface water is encountered across most of China, few economic valuation studies have been conducted on water quality changes. Limited information about the economic values associated with those potential water quality improvements or deteriorations is a disadvantage for making proper choices in water pollution control and clean-up activities. This paper reports an economic...

  3. Quantitative Evaluation of the Environmental Quality of New Rural Communities-a Case Study of Henan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yichuan Zhang

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The construction of new rural communities is an important measure to promote the integration of urban and rural areas. The environmental quality of new rural communities represents the residential suitability of the communities. The evaluation of the environmental quality can help promote the healthy development of new rural communities. The present study combines AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process and TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Lead Solution for the evaluation and ordering of the environmental quality of 28 new rural communities in Henan Province, China. The AHP model containing four hierarchies is constructed: objective hierarchy, principle hierarchy, index hierarchy and factor hierarchy. The principle hierarchy is composed of 3 factors: social environment, material environment and ecological environment; the index hierarchy consists of 7 factors: service environment, civilized environment, planning environment, architectural environment, facility environment, greening environment, sanitation environment; the factor hierarchy consists of 14 factors: life service, health service, education degree, neighborhood relationship, spatial layout, functional layout, architectural style, architectural functions, infrastructure, public facilities, percentage of green open space, leisure and entertainment facilities, garbage treatment rate and wastewater treatment rate. By AHP model, the weight of the factors in every hierarchy is obtained and TOPSIS is employed for the ordering of the environmental quality of the 28 new rural communities. The results show: in the environmental evaluation, spatial layout, functional layout, architectural functions, infrastructure and neighborhood relationship have a relatively higher weight and more importance should be attached to these respects. The ordering of environmental quality of new rural communities has a high discrimination. The five communities with the highest environmental

  4. Survey of quantity and quality of hospital wastes in Sistan and Balouchestan province, 1387-1388

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edris Bazrafshan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was performed to determine quantitative and qualitative characteristics of hospital wastes produced in Sistan and Balouchestan hospitals and to state health management information to improve environmental health level of hospitals and health safety of staff and personnel related to hospital environment.Materials and methods: This descriptive-cross sectional study was performed in 14 active hospitals in the province during 1387-88. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of hospital wastes was performed two times monthly for one year. The data were analyzed using statistical Excel and SPSS softwares.Results: The average of total quantity of waste produced in all hospitals was 6096.41 kg/day. Medical waste generation rate for total waste, infectious waste, general waste and sharp waste are 2.76±0.10, 1.36±0.66, 1.37±0.66 and 0.042±0.028 kg/bed-day, respectively, which is comprised of 51.6% (3142.05 kg/day of infectious waste, 47.2% (2880.25 kg/day general waste and 1.2% (74.11 kg/day sharps waste.Conclusion: Considering the high percentage of infectious waste, it can be concluded that despite plentiful efforts on the separation of hospital waste, yet there are various problems that requires more attention to this issue and also use of new methods for safe disposal of hospital wastes

  5. Analysing demand for environmental quality: a willingness to pay/accept study in the province of Siena (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basili, Marcello; Di Matteo, Massimo; Ferrini, Silvia

    2006-01-01

    The province of Siena, Italy, enacted a new garbage plan (NGP) with the objective of increasing separate waste collection (SWC), shutting down six landfills and increasing incineration. The aim of the paper is to evaluate costs and benefits of the NGP. The hypothesis is that willingness to pay (WTP) should reflect the value to the community of having better environmental quality, according to the Contingent Valuation literature. The paper reports the results of a contingent valuation (CV). The sample was divided into two subsets: firms and households. Through the information gathered via a detailed questionnaire, parametric and non-parametric estimates were elaborated to analyse the WTP of the population for the benefits flowing from increased SWC, increased incineration and shutting down of landfills. These values were expressed as a share of the tax actually paid. Although a small subset of firms and households valued increasing incineration less positively, requesting compensation, on the whole interviewees (with large differences between firms and households) had a net positive WTP for the provisions included in NGP. Parametric estimation procedures enabled us to analyse the economic as well as social and demographic factors affecting these results. These elements are useful for computing a value for the waste charge that also reflects external effects. Finally, we estimated household income elasticity of WTP for the increase in SWC and found less than one: environmental quality is not a luxury good. PMID:16387237

  6. Effect of Harvest Time on Yield and Quality of Thymus vulgaris L. Essential Oil in Isfahan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saied Salehi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L. is a perennial sub shrub belonging to family Lamiaceae. Thyme essential oils have been used for many thousands of years, especially in food preservation, pharmaceuticals, alternative medicine and natural therapies. In order to determine the effect of harvest time on quality and quantity of essential oil in thyme, this experiment was done in a randomized complete block design with three replications at research station of Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan (Isfahan during 2010-2011. Plants were harvested in five stages: before blooming, beginning of blooming, 50% blooming, full blooming and fruit set. The essential oils obtained from the phenological stages of thyme were analyzed by using GC/MS. The results obtained in our study showed that the phenological stages had very significant effects (P < 0.01 on essential oil yield and percentage as well as thymol percentage and yield. The highest essential oil content of thyme (2.42% was extracted at the beginning of blooming stage. Analysis and identification of components showed that thymol is the main compound in all samples. The highest thymol content of thyme (74.8% was extracted at the full blooming stage. According to the results of this research, harvesting the thyme at 50% blooming stage have maximum essential oil quality and quantity in Isfahan province.

  7. IMPACT OF MINING WASTES ON GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN THE PROVINCE JERADA (EASTERN MOROCCO)

    OpenAIRE

    BATTIOUI MOUNIA; BENZAZOUA MOSTAPHA; HAKKOU RACHID; BOUZAHZAH HASSAN; JILALI ABDELHAKIM; SBAA MOHAMED

    2013-01-01

    Jerada coal mine is located in north east of Morocco, and closed in late 2001.Today the quantity stored is about 15 to 20 million tonnes. These releases contain significant levels of accompanying elements or secondary minerals such as iron sulfides (pyrite) and their oxidation products.Monitor the groundwater quality was developed in the region in order to assess the quality of these waters and to estimate the risk of contamination. The study focused on 35 wells spread to cover almost all of ...

  8. Influence of Public Service Quality in Citizen Satisfaction (Study in Private Hospital Y in Padang, West Sumatra Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldri Frinaldi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The main problem in public service particularly health care service is the public’s increasing demand for better quality of service. Therefore, hospitals as one of the means of health care providers should be able to increase public satisfaction. This is important to win the trust of patients and/or families of patients who come for treatment. The lack of patients’ satisfaction in the quality of service in hospitals in Indonesia contributes to the Indonesians’ choice of medical treatment abroad. Therefore, the study aims to determine the influence of quality of services provided by the hospital toward patients’ satisfaction. This quantitative research surveyed patients in Hospital Y in Padang city using questionnaire as a research instrument. The population is all the patients and/or families of patients who are served in the hospital during the data collection in the month of May to August 2014. A sample of 100 people was selected using accidental sampling. The collected data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and averages using SPSS version16 for windows. Simple linear regression analysis technique was used for data analysis. Location of the study was a private hospital located in the city of Padang, West Sumatra Province, which in this research is referred as private hospital Y. The results of this study indicates that there is a significant relation between the quality of service to the citizen satisfaction with the regression equation Y = 44.967 + 2.612 X with value of correlation (r = 0.760, and the influence of quality of service to the public satisfaction in 57.8%. Then the results Achievement Level Respondents (TCR in the quality of public services obtained a value of 74.8% with quite good category and to the satisfaction of the public to the TCR value of 75.3%with quite good category. It shows the quality of care in hospitals Y must be improved in order to obtain an increase in user satisfaction of the people who

  9. Impact of marine tourism on the recreational water quality of Muk Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwat Tanyaros

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The characteristics of the water consisting of several parameters in the surrounding area of Muk Island were examined. Reference surface water was also concurrently sampled at stations located outside the recreational area stations. Relative modifications (RM in the recreational area stations water quality were assessed as the difference between the magnitude of a specific parameter recorded at the recreational area stations and the concurrently recorded value of the parameter at the reference station, relative to the mean value at the reference station. In this study, the specific parameters of dissolved oxygen (DO concentration, total suspended solids (TSS, total inorganic nitrogen (TIN = NO-2 + NO-23 + NH+3 and orthophosphate(PO-34 were shown to be significantly modified in December and April, but non-significantly modified inSeptember. The total coliform bacteria (TC and fecal coliform (FC in seawater at the recreational area stations were found to be higher than the coastal water quality standard. With a water quality criteria based coastal water quality standard fortourism, a significant but not dangerous level of pollution was observed in this area. TC and FC were the most significant pollutants in the recreational area stations.

  10. Effects of different agricultural systems on soil quality in Northern Limón province, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornwell, Emma

    2014-09-01

    Conversion of native rainforest ecosystems in Limón Province of Costa Rica to banana and pineapple monoculture has led to reductions in biodiversity and soil quality. Agroforestry management of cacao (Theobroma cacao) is an alternative system that may maintain the agricultural livelihood of the region while more closely mimicking native ecosystems. This study compared physical, biological and chemical soil quality indicators of a cacao plantation under organic agroforestry management with banana, pineapple, and pasture systems; a native forest nearby served as a control. For bulk density and earthworm analysis, 18 samples were collected between March and April 2012 from each ecosystem paired with 18 samples from the cacao. Cacao had a lower bulk density than banana and pineapple monocultures, but greater than the forest (p forest and pasture. For soil chemical characteristics, three composite samples were collected in March 2012 from each agroecosystem paired with three samples from the cacao plantation. Forest and pineapple ecosystems had the lowest pH, cation exchange capacity, and exchangeable nutrient cations, while cacao had the greatest (p chemical fertilizer and manure from cattle grazing. Forest and cacao also had greater %C, than other ecosystems, which is directly related to soil organic matter content (p physical, biological and chemical soil characteristics than banana and pineapple monocultures, while trends were less conclusive compared to the pastureland. While organic cacao was inferior to native forest in some soil characteristics such as bulk density and organic carbon, its soil quality did best mimic that of the native forest. This supports the organic cultivation of cacao as a desirable alternative to banana and pineapple monoculture. PMID:25412521

  11. Impact of marine tourism on the recreational water quality of Muk Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Suwat Tanyaros

    2009-01-01

    The characteristics of the water consisting of several parameters in the surrounding area of Muk Island were examined. Reference surface water was also concurrently sampled at stations located outside the recreational area stations. Relative modifications (RM) in the recreational area stations water quality were assessed as the difference between the magnitude of a specific parameter recorded at the recreational area stations and the concurrently recorded value of the parameter at the referen...

  12. Analysis on Profit Quality of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises: A Case Study of YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling; JIANG; Huawei; LUO

    2013-01-01

    For a long time, under the influence of system and environment and other factors, some small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises in China only seek growth of profit in quantity, but neglect the growth of profit in quality, leading to low profit quality. This study reasonably defines the concept of profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, and expounds general characteristics of high quality profit. On the basis of general factors influencing profit quality of enterprises, it builds indicator system for evaluating the profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. Also, it conducts an empirical analysis on profit quality of Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises with YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province as an example.

  13. Soil Quality Assessment of Acid Sulfate Paddy Soils with Different Productivities in Guangdong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zhan-jun; ZHOU Wei; SHEN Jian-bo; LI Shu-tian; LIANG Guo-qing; WANG Xiu-bin; SUN Jing-wen; AI Chao

    2014-01-01

    Land conversion is considered an effective measure to ensure national food security in China, but little information is available on the quality of low productivity soils, in particular those in acid sulfate soil regions. In our study, acid sulfate paddy soils were divided into soils with high, medium and low levels based on local rice productivity, and 60 soil samples were collected for analysis. Twenty soil variables including physical, chemical and biochemical properties were determined. Those variables that were signiifcantly different between the high, medium and low productivity soils were selected for principal component analysis, and microbial biomass carbon (MBC), total nitrogen (TN), available silicon (ASi), pH and available zinc (AZn) were retained in the minimum data set (MDS). After scoring the MDS variables, they were integrated to calculate a soil quality index (SQI), and the high, medium and low productivity paddy soils received mean SQI scores of 0.95, 0.83 and 0.60, respectively. Low productivity paddy soils showed worse soil quality, and a large discrepancy was observed between the low and high productivity paddy soils. Lower MBC, TN, ASi, pH and available K (AK) were considered as the primary limiting factors. Additionally, all the soil samples collected were rich in available P and AZn, but deifcient in AK and ASi. The results suggest that soil AK and ASi deifciencies were the main limiting factors for all the studied acid sulfate paddy soil regions. The application of K and Si on a national basis and other sustainable management approaches are suggested to improve rice productivity, especially for low productivity paddy soils. Our results indicated that there is a large potential for increasing productivity and producing more cereals in acid sulfate paddy soil regions.

  14. Impact of passenger car NOx emissions and NO2 fractions on urban NO2 pollution - Scenario analysis for the city of Antwerp, Belgium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degraeuwe, Bart; Thunis, Philippe; Clappier, Alain; Weiss, Martin; Lefebvre, Wouter; Janssen, Stijn; Vranckx, Stijn

    2016-02-01

    The annual NO2 concentrations in many European cities exceed the established air quality standard. This situation is mainly caused by Diesel cars whose NOx emissions are higher on the road than during type approval in the laboratory. Moreover, the fraction of NO2 in the NOx emissions of modern diesel cars appears to have increased as compared to previous models. In this paper, we assess 1) to which level the distance-specific NOx emissions of Diesel cars should be reduced to meet established air quality standards and 2) if it would be useful to introduce a complementary NO2 emissions limit. We develop a NO2 pollution model that accounts in an analysis of 9 emission scenarios for changes in both, the urban background NO2 concentrations and the local NO2 emissions at street level. We apply this model to the city of Antwerp, Belgium. The results suggest that a reduction in NOx emissions decreases the regional and urban NO2 background concentration; high NO2 fractions increase the ambient NO2 concentrations only in close spatial proximity to the emission source. In a busy access road to the city centre, the average NO2 concentration can be reduced by 23% if Diesel cars emitted 0.35 g NOx/km instead of the current 0.62 g NOx/km. Reductions of 45% are possible if the NOX emissions of Diesel cars decreased to the level of gasoline cars (0.03 g NOx/km). Our findings suggest that the Real-Driving Emissions (RDE) test procedure can solve the problem of NO2 exceedances in cities if it reduced the on-road NOx emissions of diesel cars to the permissible limit of 0.08 g/km. The implementation of a complementary NO2 emissions limit may then become superfluous. If Diesel cars continue to exceed by several factors their NOx emissions limit on the road, a shift of the vehicle fleet to gasoline cars may be necessary to solve persisting air quality problems.

  15. The effects of haze on dew quality in the urban ecosystem of Changchun, Jilin Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yingying; Zhu, Hui; Tang, Jie

    2016-02-01

    Dew samples were collected during both normal weather and haze events (hazy days) to investigate the chemical characteristics of dew in Changchun, Jilin, China, from 2013 to 2015. The analysis included measures of the following parameters: pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solid (TDS), and the concentration of PM2.5, PM10, major cations (NH4(+), Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), and Mg(2+)), and major anions (F(-), Cl(-), SO4 (2-), and NO3(-)). The results demonstrated that dew water quality from hazy days was much lower quality than that on normal days with a lower mean pH during hazy days (5.75) when compared with that of normal days (6.56); that is, dew water was more acidic in stable atmospheric conditions. Both EC (542.71 μs/cm) and TDS (271.36 mg/L) of dew on hazy days were higher than that on normal days. The mean concentration of particulate matter waste gas emissions, while to a lesser extent dew did scavenge some water-soluble crustal ions. PMID:26832721

  16. Evaluation of the Water Quality Pollution Indices for Groundwater Resources of Ghahavand Plain, Hamadan Province, Western Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheil Sobhanardakani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to the increasing pollution of water resources, this study was carried out for evaluation of water quality pollution indices for monitoring of heavy metals (As, Zn, Pb and Cu contamination in Ghahavand Plain, Hamadan Province, Western Iran during spring and summer 2012. Methods: Totally, 20 ground water wells were chosen randomly. The samples were filtered (0.45 μm and maintained cool in polyethylene bottles. Samples were taken for the analysis of metals, the former was acidified with HNO3 to pH lower than 2. Metal concentrations were determined using ICP-OES. Results: The mean values of Contamination index (Cd, Heavy metal pollution index (HPI and Heavy metal evaluation index (HEI in samples for spring season were -2.27, 9.01 and 1.73 respectively and in samples for summer season were -1.95, 8.69 and 2.04 respectively. It indicates low contamination levels. Comparing the mean concentrations of the evaluated metals with WHO permissible limits showed a significant difference (P<0.05. Conclusion: The mean concentrations of the metals were significantly lower than the permissible limits. Although the heavy metal pollution of the ground water in Ghahavand Plain is lower than WHO permissible limits, but severe precautions consideration such as manage the use of agricultural inputs, prevention of use of wastewater and sewage sludge in agriculture, control of overuse of organic fertilizers and establishment of pollutant industries are recommended in this area.

  17. Hydrogeochemistry and water quality assessment of the Kor-Sivand Basin, Fars province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasouli, Fatemeh; Kiani Pouya, Ali; Cheraghi, Seyed Ali Mohammad

    2012-08-01

    In order to assess the quality and suitability of waters in the Kor-Sivand river basin, 60 water samples from the Kor river and 90 water samples from wells in the basin were studied. Assessments were based on Piper's and Gibbs' diagrams for water quality, Food and Agricultural Organization's (FAO) guidelines, and US Salinity Laboratory diagram for water suitability. The results showed that the river water is of Ca-HCO(3) type, while well water is of Ca-Cl and Na-Cl type. Based on Gibbs' diagram, the source of soluble ions in the river water samples is the weathering of stones over which water flows, while evaporation was found to be the dominant process in the ion concentration of the well samples. According to the FAO Guidelines, the salinity of surface water for irrigation did not cause great restrictions; however, many of these waters could create potential permeability problems. In the groundwater samples, a high salt concentration is more important than the infiltration problem. Mg hazard values at some sites limit its use for agricultural purposes. One third of the river water samples and two thirds of well waters had more than 50% magnesium. Saturation indices showed that 94% of the analyzed water samples are supersaturated with calcite, aragonite, and dolomite. Based on the US Salinity Laboratory diagram, river water samples were classified as C(2)S(1) and C(3)S(1), while C(4)S(3), C(4)S(4), C(2)S(1), and C(3)S(1) were the most dominant classes in well samples. Some management practices necessary for sustainable development of water resources in the study area were discussed briefly, including appropriate selection of crops, adequate drainage, leaching, blending and cyclic use of saline water, proper irrigation method, and addition of soil amendment. PMID:21927789

  18. Effect of intensive blood glucose control on quality of life in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qiu; ZHANG Nan; HU Hong-lin; HE Yong; CHEN Ming-wei; WANG Xiu-yan; YANG Ming-gong; LI Jun

    2011-01-01

    Background Intensive blood glucose control is proven to be associated with the diabetic microvascular and macrovascular complications, which could affect quality of life (QOL). This study was performed to determine the effects of intensive glucose control therapy on QOL of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province.Methods Ninety-seven elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui were randomly assigned to standard treatment group and intensive therapy group. All patients were followed up for five years on average. Correlated information has been collected during the regular follow-up.Results Patients with microvascular complications reported significantly lower European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) scores and had more problems with usual activities, pain and anxiety than those without complications (P <0.05).Patients having experienced hypoglycemic episodes had significantly more problems with anxiety than those without hypoglycemic episodes (P <0.05). No significant difference was detected in all dimensions in quality of life, as well as in Visual Analog Scale score between two groups (P >0.05). There was no significant difference in quality of life at the fifth year compared with that of the first year in both groups. Women had more feelings of pain and anxiety than men (P <0.05)and longer disease course was associated with increased levels of pain and anxiety (P <0.05), as well as with lower QOL.In addition, patients with higher body mass index (BMI) had more problems with daily activities than patients with lower BMI (P <0.05).Conclusions Anxiety is common in elderly diabetic patients and they experienced frequent hypoglycemic episodes.Diabetic vascular complications significantly affect QOL of the patients. Intensive glucose control has no significant effect on QOL of the diabetic patients. Female, older age, long disease course, less education and high BMI are all factors caused reduced QOL and patients with these factors

  19. 云南省抗疟药品质量状况分析%Quality analysis of anti-malarials drug in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭志鑫; 姜典财; 黄志禄; 范兵; 李哲媛; 刘继华; 王幸

    2011-01-01

    本文通过对云南省流通领域抗疟药的抽样、检验和结果分析,考察云南省市场流通的抗疟药品质V状况,探讨我国抗疟药目前存在的主要质量问题,并提出对策和建议.%By analysis of the sampling and testing result of anti - malarials in Yunnan Province, the quality of markted anti - malarials in Yunnan Province were studied, and main quality problems currently existed of anti - malarials in China were discussed, also some suggestions and strategies were presented.

  20. Studies on the bacteriological qualities of the Buffalo River and three source water dams along its course in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Chigor, Vincent N.; Sibanda, Timothy; Okoh, Anthony I.

    2012-01-01

    The Buffalo River and its dams are major surface water sources used for fresh produce irrigation, raw water abstraction and recreation in parts of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. Over a 12-month period (August 2010 to July 2011), we assessed the bacteriological qualities of water from the river and 3 source water dams along its course. Faecal indicator bacteria (FIB), including total coliform (TC), faecal coliform (FC) and enterococci (ENT) counts, were high and ranged as follows: ...

  1. What Do the Hospital Pharmacists Think about the Quality of Pharmaceutical Care Services in a Pakistani Province? A Mixed Methodology Study

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the perception of hospital pharmacists regarding quality of pharmaceutical care services in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Province, Pakistan, through qualitative as well as quantitative approach. For qualitative study, snow ball sampling technique was used. In quantitative part, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 112 hospital pharmacists (out of 128 accessed ones) from both private and public hospitals in six major divisions (divisions are the thir...

  2. Maintenance of the favourable conservation status in two Special Protection Areas in co-habitation with development of the Antwerp harbour

    OpenAIRE

    Spanoghe, G.; Gyselings, R.; Van den Bergh, E.; Hemelaer, L.

    2005-01-01

    The growing Antwerp harbour on the left bank of the River Schelde has a considerable overlap with designated Birds and Habitats Directive areas (SPA and SAC). Harbour development projects threaten the favourable conservation status of the protected habitats and species. On the other hand the international conservation commitment hampers the harbour development. ‘Co-habitation’, the aim of the Flemish Government to maintain a balance between industrial and ecological needs is a key word in the...

  3. Microbiological quality of swimming-pool waters in the province of Badajoz (Spain); Calidad microbiologica de las aguas de piscina en la provinca de Badajoz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villalba Doblas, A. M.; Ambel Carracedo, M. P.; Cobos Rodriguez, J. G.

    2006-07-01

    The object of the actual work is to evaluate the microbiological quality of swimming pool waters in the province of Badajoz, 79 samples in 33 cities, according to criteria required by the Decreto 54/2002 of the Comunidad Autonoma of Extremadura. the work describes the possible origins of the pollution in the swimming-pool waters and the risks. The parameters analyzed were Termotolerant Coliforms, Faecal streptococci, S. aureus, P. aerogenes, Sulphate reducing bacteria and Salmonella spp. Results show that 62% of these fulfil microbiological quality criteria. the presence of Sulphate reducing bacteria was found in 24% of the samples, and P. aerogenes was detected in 16% of them. (Author) 20 refs.

  4. Comparative Analysis and Comprehensive Evaluation of Fishery Water Quality of the Major Lakes in Jiangsu Province Based on Long-term Monitoring Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; WANG; Xiangke; FAN; Chungui; HUANG; Hao; ZHENG; Zhijun; CHEN; Baohong; FAN; Chenwu; XU

    2015-01-01

    The variance analysis of fishery water quality data of five lakes from 2001 to 2011( except 2004) was performed to compare the difference of the monitoring indicators among the five above-mentioned lakes in Jiangsu Province. And TOPSIS method was employed to give comprehensive comparison of water quality of the five lakes. The results indicated that the difference of 14 major water quality indicators was very significant among lakes except copper. In addition,transparency,total nitrogen,total phosphorus had very significant difference among stations for each lake; p H,chemical oxygen demand,oil,total phosphorus,lead,cadmium,mercury had significant or very significant difference among years for each station. The TOPSIS results showed that the fishery water quality of Gaobaoshaobo Lake was the best,and Luoma Lake was just second to it,followed by Hongze Lake,Taihu Lake and Gehu Lake. In combination with the geographic position of each lake,it showed that fishery water quality of the five investigated lakes was basically increasingly better from the south to the north in Jiangsu Province,and the trend revealed high association with the developed industrial economy.

  5. Quality of obstetric referral services in India's JSY cash transfer programme for institutional births: a study from Madhya Pradesh province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarika Chaturvedi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: India launched JSY cash transfer programme to increase access to emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC by incentivising in-facility births. This increased in-facility births from 30%in 2005 to 73% in 2012 however, decline in maternal mortality follows a secular trend. Dysfunctional referral services can contribute to poor programme impact on outcomes. We hence describe inter- facility referrals and study quality of referral services in JSY. METHODS AND RESULTS: Women accessing intra natal care (n = 1182 at facilities (reporting >10 deliveries/month, n = 96 were interviewed in a 5 day cross sectional survey in 3 districts of Madhya Pradesh province. A nested matched case control study (n = 68 pairs was performed to study association between maternal referral and adverse birth outcomes. There were 111 (9.4% in referrals and 69 (5.8% out referrals. Secondary level facilities sent most referrals and 40% were for conditions expected to be treated at this level. There were 36 adverse birth outcomes (intra partum and in-facility deaths. After matching for type of complication and place of delivery, conditional logistic regression model showed maternal referral at term delivery was associated with higher odds of adverse birth outcomes (OR- 2.6, 95% CI: 1.0-6.6 p = 0.04. Maternal death record review (April 10-March 12 was conducted at the CEmOC facility in one district. Spatial analysis of transfer time from sending to the receiving CEmOC facility among in-facility maternal deaths was conducted in ArcGIS10 applying two hours (equated to 100 Km as desired transfer time. There were 124 maternal deaths, 55 of which were among mothers referred in. Buffer analysis revealed 98% mothers were referred from <2 hours. Median time between arrival and death was 6.75 hours. CONCLUSIONS: High odds of adverse birth outcomes associated with maternal referral and high maternal deaths despite spatial access to referral care indicate poor

  6. Incidence of HCV and sexually transmitted diseases among hiv positive msm in antwerp, belgium, 2001-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apers, L; Koole, O; Bottieau, E; Vandenbruaene, M; Ophoff, D; Van Esbroeck, M; Crucitti, T; Florence, E

    2013-01-01

    Recurrent Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are an indication of unsafe sexual practices and may be associated with HCV-infection among HIV-positive men who have sex with men. In a retrospective study we analysed the laboratory data of 99 HIV-positive MSM who acquired HCV during the observation period (cases) and 176 HIV-positive MSM who remained HCV negative during the observation period (controls), all followed at the HIV/STI-clinic in Antwerp, Belgium. All laboratory confirmed STI-episodes were recorded since the date of first consultation at our clinic, until the date of HCV-diagnosis of the cases. The HCV incidence varied between 0.24 (2001) and 1.36 (2011) new cases per hundred person-years, with a peak of 2.93 new cases per hundred person-years in 2009. The number of STI-episodes per person-year follow-up was significantly higher for the cases as compared to the controls for syphilis, non-LGV and LGV Chlamydia infections (p HCV conversion, all laboratory confirmed STIs remained more frequent among cases, but only the difference in syphilis incidence was statistically significant (p HCV and should lead to intensified screening for HCV and counselling of the patient. PMID:24635329

  7. The relationship between flowering time and growth responses to drought in the Arabidopsis Landsberg erecta x Antwerp-1 population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inga eSchmalenbach

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Limited water availability is one of the most prominent abiotic constraints to plant survival and reproduction. Thus, plants have evolved different strategies to cope with water deficit, including modification of their growth and timing of developmental events such as flowering. In this work, we explore the link between flowering time and growth responses to moderate drought stress in Arabidopsis thaliana using natural variation for these traits found in the Landsberg erecta x Antwerp-1 recombinant inbred line population. We developed and phenotyped near isogenic lines containing different allelic combinations at three interacting quantitative trait loci (QTL affecting both flowering time and growth in response to water deficit. We used these lines to confirm additive and epistatic effects of the three QTL and observed a strong association between late flowering and reduced sensitivity to drought. Analyses of growth responses to drought over time revealed that late flowering plants were able to recover their growth in the second half of their vegetative development. In contrast, early flowering, a common drought escape strategy that ensures plant survival under severe water deficit, was associated with strongly impaired plant fitness. The results presented here indicate that late flowering may be advantageous under continuous mild water deficit as it allows stress acclimatization over time.

  8. Impact of trees on pollutant dispersion in street canyons: A numerical study of the annual average effects in Antwerp, Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vranckx, Stijn; Vos, Peter; Maiheu, Bino; Janssen, Stijn

    2015-11-01

    Effects of vegetation on pollutant dispersion receive increased attention in attempts to reduce air pollutant concentration levels in the urban environment. In this study, we examine the influence of vegetation on the concentrations of traffic pollutants in urban street canyons using numerical simulations with the CFD code OpenFOAM. This CFD approach is validated against literature wind tunnel data of traffic pollutant dispersion in street canyons. The impact of trees is simulated for a variety of vegetation types and the full range of approaching wind directions at 15° interval. All these results are combined using meteo statistics, including effects of seasonal leaf loss, to determine the annual average effect of trees in street canyons. This analysis is performed for two pollutants, elemental carbon (EC) and PM10, using background concentrations and emission strengths for the city of Antwerp, Belgium. The results show that due to the presence of trees the annual average pollutant concentrations increase with about 8% (range of 1% to 13%) for EC and with about 1.4% (range of 0.2 to 2.6%) for PM10. The study indicates that this annual effect is considerably smaller than earlier estimates which are generally based on a specific set of governing conditions (1 wind direction, full leafed trees and peak hour traffic emissions). PMID:26100726

  9. Irritable bowel syndrome consulters in Zhejiang province:The symptoms pattern,predominant bowel habit subgroups and quality of life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Min Si; Liang-Jing Wang; Shu-Jie Chen; Lei-Min Sun; Ning Dai

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the pattern of symptoms, predominant bowel habits and quality of life (QOL) by the Chinese version of the SF-36 in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) consulters in Zhejiang province.METHODS: From January 2001 to January 2002, 662 Roma Ⅱ criteria-positive IBS patients were enrolled by gastroenterologists in 10 hospitals from Digestive Disease Center of Zhejiang (DDCZ). Patients were classified into constipation predominant IBS (IBS-C), diarrhea predominant IBS (IBS-D) and alternating constipation and diarrhea IBS (IBS-A) according to the predominant bowel habits. All patients were evaluated for the demographic checklists, IBS bowel symptoms, extra-colonic symptoms, and QOL by Chinese version of the SF-36 questionnaire.RESULTS: (1) Besides abdominal pain, the predominant colonic symptoms were in order of altered stool form,abnormalities of stool passage, abdominal distension and passage of mucus in IBS patients. Also, IBS subjects reported generalized body discomfort and psychosocial problems including dyspeptic symptoms, poor appetite, heartburn,headache, back pain, difficulty with urination, fatigue, anxiety and depression. (2) IBS-C and IBS-A are more common among female patients, whereas male patients experiencedmore cases of IBS-D. In regards to the IBS symptoms, there were significant differences among IBS subgroups.Abdominal pain (frequency ≥2 days per week and duration ≥ 1 hour per day) was frequent in IBS-A patients (P=0.010and 0.027, respectively), IBS-D patients more frequently experienced the passage of mucus, dyspeptic symptoms and anxiety (P=0.000, 0.014 and 0.015, respectively). (3)IBS patients experienced significant impairment in QOL,decrements in QOL were most pronounced in vitality, general health, mental health, and bodily pain. Compared with the general population (adjusted for gender and age), IBS patientsscored significantly lower on all SF-scales (P<0.001), except for physical function scale (P=0.149). (4) QOL was

  10. Exploring quality of life among the elderly in Hai Duong province, Vietnam: a rural–urban dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thanh Huong

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Quality of life (QoL is an important health index for the elderly, necessary for assessing interventions, and prioritising medical and social care needs. As the ageing population in Vietnam continues to increase, understanding important dimensions of QoL for the elderly is essential. There is a paucity of research in this area, however, and the available literature focuses on functional capacities. The purpose of this article is to explore perceptions on the dimensions of QoL among the elderly in Vietnam, to use these perceptions to broaden the concept, and to explore similarities and differences between those living in urban compared to rural areas. Method: Qualitative methods included in-depth interviews (IDI with experts in ageing and elderly persons, as well as focus group discussions (FGDs in three communes in Hai Duong province. IDIs and FGDs were recorded and transcribed. NVivo software was used to analyse the data. Results: Thematic analysis identified physical, psychological, social, environmental, religious, and economic as important dimensions of QoL. For elderly participants in both urban and rural areas, physical health, social relations, finances and economics, the physical and social environment, and psychological health were reported as important. Rural participants also identified religious practice as an important dimension of QoL. In terms of relationships, the elderly in urban areas prioritised those with their children, while the elderly in rural areas focussed their concerns on community relationships and economic conditions. Conclusion: Isolating individual factors that contribute to QoL among the elderly is difficult given the inter-relations and rich cross-linkages between themes. Elderly participants in urban and rural areas broadly shared perspectives on the themes identified, in particular social relationships, but their experiences diverged around issues surrounding finances and economics, their

  11. Community perception of quality of (primary health care services in a rural area of Limpopo Province, South Africa: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T-AB Mashego

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to survey perceptions of quality of (primary health care services provided in rural communities in the Limpopo province. Ten focus groups discussions were held with community members chosen by convenience from public places from four villages in the central region of the Limpopo Province. The sample included 42 women and 34 men (76 participants. Results indicated perceived quality discussed within the following categories: (1 conduct of staff (reception, communication, discrimination, care and compassion, respect for privacy, (2 technical care (examination, explanation of treatment, responsiveness, treatment outcomes, (3 health care facility, (4 health care organisation, (5 drugs (availability, explanation, effectiveness, payment, and (6 waiting time. The findings suggest some satisfaction with free basic and preventive health care and social services provided but there is a need to look closely into the interpersonal dimension of the services provided, provision of medication with adequate explanation to patients on the medication given, and on structural aspects, there is need for the government to give support to the clinics to provide adequate services. Improving drug availability, interpersonal skills (including attitudes towards patients and technical care have been identified as the three main priorities for enhancing perceived quality of primary health care and health policy action.

  12. Community perception of quality of (primary) health care services in a rural area of Limpopo Province, South Africa: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashego, T A B; Peltzer, K

    2005-05-01

    The aim of the study was to survey perceptions of quality of (primary) health care services provided in rural communities in the Limpopo province. Ten focus groups discussions were held with community members chosen by convenience from public places from four villages in the central region of the Limpopo Province. The sample included 42 women and 34 men (76 participants). Results indicated perceived quality discussed within the following categories: (1) conduct of staff (reception, communication, discrimination, care and compassion, respect for privacy), (2) technical care (examination, explanation of treatment, responsiveness, treatment outcomes), (3) health care facility, (4) health care organisation, (5) drugs (availability, explanation, effectiveness, payment), and (6) waiting time. The findings suggest some satisfaction with free basic and preventive health care and social services provided but there is a need to look closely into the interpersonal dimension of the services provided, provision of medication with adequate explanation to patients on the medication given, and on structural aspects, there is need for the government to give support to the clinics to provide adequate services. Improving drug availability, interpersonal skills (including attitudes towards patients) and technical care have been identified as the three main priorities for enhancing perceived quality of primary health care and health policy action. PMID:16045107

  13. Research on the Consumers Willingness to Buy Traceable Pork with Different Quality Information:A Case Study of Consumers in Weifang, Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan; BU; Dian; ZHU; Linhai; WU

    2013-01-01

    The traceability system can effectively reduce the food safety risks, however, it is confronted with various problems during its implementation. In this context, the paper carries out a case study of consumers in Weifang, Shandong Province, and studies their willingness to pay the traceable pork with different quality information. The results indicate that, the consumers show high expectations towards the introduction of traceability system, and they tend to buy the traceable pork only with breeding and slaughter information; their behaviors of purchase are greatly influenced by the following factors: the consumers education, age, income, attention on food safety and whether there are pregnant family members, etc..

  14. Urban Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in Europe: A Case Study for Antwerp, Berlin and Almada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Catherine; Thomas, Bart

    2014-05-01

    Climate change is driven by global processes such as the global ocean circulation and its variability over time leading to changing weather patterns on regional scales as well as changes in the severity and occurrence of extreme events such as heat waves. For example, the summer 2003 European heat wave caused up to 70.000 excess deaths over four months in Central and Western Europe. As around 75% of Europe's population resides in urban areas, it is of particular relevance to examine the impact of seasonal to decadal-scale climate variability on urban areas and their populations. This study aims at downscaling the spatially coarse resolution CMIP5 climate predictions to the local urban scale and investigating the relation between heat waves and the urban-rural temperature increment (urban heat island effect). The resulting heat stress effect is not only driven by climatic variables but also impacted by urban morphology. Moreover, the exposure varies significantly with the geographical location. All this information is coupled with relevant socio-economic datasets such as population density, age structure, etc. focussing on human health. The analyses are conducted in the framework of the NACLIM FP7 project funded by the European Commission involving local stakeholders such as the cities of Antwerp (BE), Berlin (DE) and Almada (PT) represented by different climate and urban characteristics. The end-user needs have been consolidated in a climate services plan including the production of heat risk exposure maps and the analysis of various scenarios considering e.g. the uncertainty of the global climate predictions, urban expansion over time and the impact of mitigation measures such as green roofs. The results of this study will allow urban planners and policy makers facing the challenges of climate change and develop sound strategies for the design and management of climate resilient cities.

  15. Three-dimensional water quality model based on FVCOM for total load control management in Guan River Estuary, Northern Jiangsu Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li; Lin, Weibo; Li, Keqiang; Sheng, Jianming; Wei, Aihong; Luo, Feng; Wang, Yan; Wang, Xiulin; Zhang, Longjun

    2016-04-01

    Guan River Estuary and adjacent coastal area (GREC) suffer from serious pollution and eutrophicational problems over the recent years. Thus, reducing the land-based load through the national pollutant total load control program and developing hydrodynamic and water quality models that can simulate the complex circulation and water quality kinetics within the system, including longitudinal and lateral variations in nutrient and COD concentrations, is a matter of urgency. In this study, a three-dimensional, hydrodynamic, water quality model was developed in GREC, Northern Jiangsu Province. The complex three-dimensional hydrodynamics of GREC were modeled using the unstructured-grid, finite-volume, free-surface, primitive equation coastal ocean circulation model (FVCOM). The water quality model was adapted from the mesocosm nutrients dynamic model in the south Yellow Sea and considers eight compartments: dissolved inorganic nitrogen, soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP), phytoplankton, zooplankton, detritus, dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP), and chemical oxygen demand. The hydrodynamic and water quality models were calibrated and confirmed for 2012 and 2013. A comparison of the model simulations with extensive dataset shows that the models accurately simulate the longitudinal distribution of the hydrodynamics and water quality. The model can be used for total load control management to improve water quality in this area.

  16. Ground-water quality and its relation to hydrogeology, land use, and surface-water quality in the Red Clay Creek basin, Piedmont Physiographic Province, Pennsylvania and Delaware

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senior, Lisa A.

    1996-01-01

    The Red Clay Creek Basin in the Piedmont Physiographic Province of Pennsylvania and Delaware is a 54-square-mile area underlain by a structurally complex assemblage of fractured metamorphosed sedimentary and igneous rocks that form a water-table aquifer. Ground-water-flow systems generally are local, and ground water discharges to streams. Both ground water and surface water in the basin are used for drinking-water supply. Ground-water quality and the relation between ground-water quality and hydrogeologic and land-use factors were assessed in 1993 in bedrock aquifers of the basin. A total of 82 wells were sampled from July to November 1993 using a stratified random sampling scheme that included 8 hydrogeologic and 4 land-use categories to distribute the samples evenly over the area of the basin. The eight hydrogeologic units were determined by formation or lithology. The land-use categories were (1) forested, open, and undeveloped; (2) agricultural; (3) residential; and (4) industrial and commercial. Well-water samples were analyzed for major and minor ions, nutrients, volatile organic compounds (VOC's), pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyl compounds (PCB's), and radon-222. Concentrations of some constituents exceeded maximum contaminant levels (MCL) or secondary maximum contaminant levels (SMCL) established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for drinking water. Concentrations of nitrate were greater than the MCL of 10 mg/L (milligrams per liter) as nitrogen (N) in water from 11 (13 percent) of 82 wells sampled; the maximum concentration was 38 mg/L as N. Water from only 1 of 82 wells sampled contained VOC's or pesticides that exceeded a MCL; water from that well contained 3 mg/L chlordane and 1 mg/L of PCB's. Constituents or properties of well-water samples that exceeded SMCL's included iron, manganese, dissolved solids, pH, and corrosivity. Water from 70 (85 percent) of the 82 wells sampled contained radon-222 activities greater than the proposed MCL of

  17. Improving the Quality of Urban Space and Shaping the Characteristics of Urban Culture: Under the Rapid Urbanization Phase of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou; Lan; Yu; Chun; Zhang; Qingfei

    2015-01-01

    China is currently undergoing the most inf luential urbanization phase in its history, and this process will probably last for a few decades to come. Along with the accelerated urbanization, the quality of development has been elevated to an equal position with the quantity. Being one of the most developed and best urbanized provinces in China, Jiangsu has achieved an urbanization rate of 57%. Dealing with large construction scales, Jiangsu is presently striving to improve the quality of its urban space, and to elevate human settlements to a higher level. By contextualizing Jiangsu’s urbanization within a certain development stage and a specif ic historical era, the paper proposes the overall idea and action strategies for improving the quality of urban space, on the basis of the analysis on contemporary cultural pursuits. It aims at changing the current situation of "one outlook for thousands of cities," improving the quality of urban space and the competitiveness of urban culture, and eventually creating better human settlements and a harmonious society.

  18. What Do the Hospital Pharmacists Think about the Quality of Pharmaceutical Care Services in a Pakistani Province? A Mixed Methodology Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kousar, Rozina; Azhar, Saira; Khan, Shujaat Ali; Mahmood, Qaisar

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the perception of hospital pharmacists regarding quality of pharmaceutical care services in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Province, Pakistan, through qualitative as well as quantitative approach. For qualitative study, snow ball sampling technique was used. In quantitative part, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 112 hospital pharmacists (out of 128 accessed ones) from both private and public hospitals in six major divisions (divisions are the third tier of government in Pakistan, between the provinces and districts) of KPK. The qualitative study yielded five major themes during thematic analysis: (a) patients reporting, (b) lack of patient counseling, (c) lack of participation in health awareness programs, (d) pharmacists reducing the prescribing errors, and (e) insufficient number of pharmacists. A great proportion (67.9%) of the pharmacists was unsatisfied with their participation in health awareness programs. Findings of both phases revealed that hospital pharmacists in Pakistan are not actively participating in the provision of pharmaceutical care services. They are facing various hurdles for their active participation in patient care; major obstacles include the unavailability of sufficient number of pharmacists, lack of appropriate time for patient counseling, and poor relationship between pharmacists and other health care providers. PMID:25649021

  19. Antwerp Copper Plates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadum, Jørgen

    1999-01-01

    In addition to presenting a short history of copper paintings, topics detail artists’ materials and techniques, as well as aspects of the copper industry, including mining, preparation and trade routes.......In addition to presenting a short history of copper paintings, topics detail artists’ materials and techniques, as well as aspects of the copper industry, including mining, preparation and trade routes....

  20. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musran Munizu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery companies in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Random sampling is used in the study. 55 complete questionnaires were returned as a final sample. Three hypotheses have been developed through literature review and tested using Path Analysis performed by SPSS 18.00 software. The results show that TQM practices have positive and significant effect both on organizational performance and competitive advantage. Competitive advantage has a positive and significant effect on organizational performance. Organizational performance is more influenced by competitive advantage than TQM practices.

  1. Evaluation of water quality in surface water and shallow groundwater: a case study of a rare earth mining area in southern Jiangxi Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Xiuzhen; Wang, Dengjun; Wang, Peiran; Wang, Yuxia; Zhou, Dongmei

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the quality of surface water and shallow groundwater near a rare earth mining area in southern Jiangxi Province, China. Water samples from paddy fields, ponds, streams, wells, and springs were collected and analyzed. The results showed that water bodies were characterized by low pH and high concentrations of total nitrogen (total N), ammonium nitrogen (NH4 (+)-N), manganese (Mn), and rare earth elements (REEs), which was likely due to residual chemicals in the soil after mining activity. A comparison with the surface water standard (State Environmental Protection Administration & General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China GB3838, 2002) and drinking water sanitary standard (Ministry of Health & National Standardization Management Committee of China GB5749, 2006) of China revealed that 88 % of pond and stream water samples investigated were unsuitable for agricultural use and aquaculture water supply, and 50 % of well and spring water samples were unsuitable for drinking water. Moreover, significant cerium (Ce) negative and heavy REEs enrichment was observed after the data were normalized to the Post-Archean Australian Shales (PAAS). Principal component analysis indicated that the mining activity had a more significant impact on local water quality than terrace field farming and poultry breeding activities. Moreover, greater risk of water pollution and adverse effects on local residents' health was observed with closer proximity to mining sites. Overall, these findings indicate that effective measures to prevent contamination of surrounding water bodies from the effects of mining activity are needed. PMID:26661960

  2. Study of a unique 16th century Antwerp majolica floor in the Rameyenhof castle's chapel by means of X-ray fluorescence and portable Raman analytical instrumentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most unique and only known 16th century Antwerp majolica tile floor in Belgium is situated in a tower of the Rameyenhof castle (Gestel, Belgium). This exceptional work of art has recently been investigated in situ by using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and Raman spectroscopy in order to study the material characteristics. This study reports on the result of the analyses based on the novel combination of non-destructive and portable instrumentation, including a handheld XRF spectrometer for obtaining elemental information and a mobile Raman spectrometer for retrieving structural and molecular information on the floor tiles in the Rameyenhof castle and on a second, similar medallion, which is stored in the Rubens House museum in Antwerp (Belgium). The investigated material, majolica, is a type of ceramic, which fascinated many people and potters throughout history by its beauty and colourful appearance. In this study the characteristic major/minor and trace element signature of 16th century Antwerp majolica is determined and the pigments used for the colourful paintings present on the floor are identified. Furthermore, based on the elemental fingerprint of the white glaze, and in particular on the presence of zinc in the tiles – an element that was not used for making 16th century majolica – valuable information about the originality of the chapel floor and the two central medallions is acquired. - Highlights: • In situ, non-destructive investigation of a unique Antwerp majolica floor • Multi-methodological approach: make use of a mobile Raman and X-ray spectrometer • Obtaining information about layered structure of Antwerp majolica • The used pigments in the majolica floor in Rameyenhof castle are characterized. • The verification of the authenticity of the floor and two central medallions are performed

  3. Study of a unique 16th century Antwerp majolica floor in the Rameyenhof castle's chapel by means of X-ray fluorescence and portable Raman analytical instrumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van de Voorde, Lien, E-mail: lien.vandevoorde@ugent.be [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Vandevijvere, Melissa [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); University of Antwerp, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Conservation Studies, Centre for Conservation Research (CCR), Blindestraat 9, 2000 Antwerp (Belgium); University of Antwerp, Department of Chemistry, X-ray and Instrumentation Lab (AXI2L), Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Vekemans, Bart [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Van Pevenage, Jolien [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Raman Spectroscopy Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Caen, Joost [University of Antwerp, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Conservation Studies, Centre for Conservation Research (CCR), Blindestraat 9, 2000 Antwerp (Belgium); Vandenabeele, Peter [Ghent University, Department of Archaeology, Archaeometry Research Group, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 35, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Van Espen, Piet [University of Antwerp, Department of Chemistry, X-ray and Instrumentation Lab (AXI2L), Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Vincze, Laszlo [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

    2014-12-01

    The most unique and only known 16th century Antwerp majolica tile floor in Belgium is situated in a tower of the Rameyenhof castle (Gestel, Belgium). This exceptional work of art has recently been investigated in situ by using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and Raman spectroscopy in order to study the material characteristics. This study reports on the result of the analyses based on the novel combination of non-destructive and portable instrumentation, including a handheld XRF spectrometer for obtaining elemental information and a mobile Raman spectrometer for retrieving structural and molecular information on the floor tiles in the Rameyenhof castle and on a second, similar medallion, which is stored in the Rubens House museum in Antwerp (Belgium). The investigated material, majolica, is a type of ceramic, which fascinated many people and potters throughout history by its beauty and colourful appearance. In this study the characteristic major/minor and trace element signature of 16th century Antwerp majolica is determined and the pigments used for the colourful paintings present on the floor are identified. Furthermore, based on the elemental fingerprint of the white glaze, and in particular on the presence of zinc in the tiles – an element that was not used for making 16th century majolica – valuable information about the originality of the chapel floor and the two central medallions is acquired. - Highlights: • In situ, non-destructive investigation of a unique Antwerp majolica floor • Multi-methodological approach: make use of a mobile Raman and X-ray spectrometer • Obtaining information about layered structure of Antwerp majolica • The used pigments in the majolica floor in Rameyenhof castle are characterized. • The verification of the authenticity of the floor and two central medallions are performed.

  4. The quality assurance program data analysis for diagnostic radiology in government hospitals in southern provinces of Syria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study covered comprehensive evaluation for diagnostic radiography and fluorography equipment used in medicine by applying SAEC quality control rules. The results showed that most of considered x-ray equipment have an acceptable performance but few reached 21.6% in radiography and 36.8% in fluorography need repair and recalibration. Also recommendations and guidance for repair and preventative maintenance are required and quality assurance program should be applied in all diagnostic radiology institutions in Syria.(author)

  5. Relationship between Internal Quality Audit and Quality Culture toward Implementation Consistency of ISO 9000 in Private College of Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mail, Abdul; Pratikto; Suparman, Sudjito; Purnomo; Santoso, Budi

    2014-01-01

    The study aims to find out the influence of internal quality process on the growth of quality culture in private college. This study is treated toward 178 lecturers of 25 private colleges in Sulawesi, Indonesia by means of questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis applied to assess the reliability of validity and measurement model. Relationship…

  6. Quality of life and related factors among HIV-positive spouses from serodiscordant couples under antiretroviral therapy in Henan Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duo Shan

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the quality of life and related factors in HIV-positive spouses undergoing ART from discordant couples. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,009 HIV-positive spouses from serodiscordant couples in Zhumadian, Henan Province, between October 1, 2008 and March 31, 2009. HIV-positive spouses were interviewed by local health professionals. Quality of life was evaluated by WHOQOL (Chinese Version. A multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the related factors. RESULTS: The majority of subjects were female (56.39%, had received a high school education (44%, were of Han ethnicity (98.41%, and were farmers (90.09%; the median time period of receiving ART was 3.92 years. The physical, psychological, social, and environmental QOL scores of the subjects were 12.91±1.95, 12.35±1.80, 13.96±2.43, and 12.45±1.91 respectively. The multiple linear regression model identified the physical domain related factors to be CD4 count, educational level, and occupation; psychological domain related factors include age, educational level, and reported STD symptom; social domain related factors included education level; and environmental domain related factors included education level, reported STD symptoms, and occupation. CONCLUSION: Being younger, a farmer, having a lower level of education, a reported STD symptom, or lower CD4 count, could decrease one's quality of life, suggesting that the use of blanket ART programs alone may not necessarily improve quality of life. Subjects received lower scores in the psychological domain, suggesting that psychological intervention may also need to be strengthened.

  7. Assessment of water quality in coastal water areas of Jiangsu Province%江苏近海水域水环境质量现状评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾莉; 华祖林; 树锦; 褚克坚; 荣金

    2012-01-01

    根据2006年7月对江苏近海水域水环境调查的资料,对江苏近海的水质进行评价.结果表明:江苏近海水域pH、活性磷酸盐、砷、铜、镉、锌、总铬等指标均达到GB 3097-1997《海水水质标准》中Ⅱ类水质标准,但是溶解氧、总磷、总氮与铅超标率较高,超标率分别达到79.10%,54.35%,34.15%和41.46%,无机氮和汞浓度超标率较低.此外,海水中还有轻微的油污染.从北至南3个海域中海州湾水质相对较好,辐射沙洲与长江口北支海域污染较为严重,并且辐射沙洲海域超标站位分布凌乱,无规律可循.%Based on a survey of the marine environment in the coastal water areas of Jiangsu Province in July of 2006, an assessment of the quality of coastal water in Jiangsu Province was conducted. The results show that indices including pH, active phosphate, As, Cu, Cd, Zn, and total chromium all reached the Grade II standard of the National Marine Water Quality Standards (GB 3097-1997). However, the concentrations of DO, TP, TN, and Pb exceeded the Grade Ⅱ standard, by 79.10%, 54.35%, 34.15%, and 41.46%, respectively. The concentrations of inorganic nitrogen and Hg had relatively low standard-exceeding rates. In addition, the marine water was slightly polluted by oil. Of the three coastal water areas from the north to the south, the water quality in Haizhou Bay was relatively good, while the water pollution in the coastal zone of radial sand ridges and the north branch of the Yangtze Estuary were relatively serious. Furthermore, the distribution of the monitoring points with standard-exceeding rates was irregular in the coastal zone of radial sand ridges.

  8. Bacterial community composition of an urban river in the North West Province, South Africa, in relation to physico-chemical water quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordaan, K; Bezuidenhout, C C

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the impacts of anthropogenic disturbances on bacterial community composition in an urban river (Mooi River). Physico-chemical analysis, bacterial enumeration and 454-pyrosequencing were conducted on the Mooi River system upstream and downstream of an urban settlement in the North West Province, South Africa. Pyrosequencing and multivariate analysis showed that nutrient inputs and faecal pollution strongly impacted the physico-chemical and microbiological quality at the downstream sites. Also, bacterial communities showed higher richness and evenness at the downstream sites. Multivariate analysis suggested that the abundances of Betaproteobacteria, Epsilonproteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Verrucomicrobia are related to temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), sulphate and chlorophyll-a levels. These results suggest that urbanisation caused the overall water quality of this river to deteriorate, which in turn affected the bacterial community composition. In addition, our work identified potential indicator groups that may be used to track faecal and organic pollution in freshwater systems. PMID:26593724

  9. Trace Elements and Physico-Chemical Quality of the Well Waters in Mahitsy, Province of Antananarivo, Madagascar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proposed study area of Mahitsy is located in the province of Antananarivo. Only 14.38% of the population in the rural zone has access to safe drinking water. Most of human population use wells or springs as the main source of drinking water. Wells are generally less than 20 meters deep and they are not properly sealed. Well waters investigated in January 2004 have a very large range of trace constituent and chemical composition in the zone of interest. Manganese concentrations range is 8μg.L-1-1115 μg.L-1 and concentrations of barium vary in the range of 55μg.L-1- 4967 μg.L-1. 67% of monitored well waters are of manganese concentration higher than 50μg.L-1 and 44% contain barium with a concentration higher than 700μg.L-1. Total dissolved solids vary between 8 mg.L-1 and 881 mg.L-1 and well water pHs are acidic (4.28 - 5.94). Nitrate concentrations monitored in Mahitsy groundwaters show that, 54% of the well water samples exceed 50 mg.L-1(WHO guidelines value) and 84% exceed 13.5 mg.L-1 (indicative value of human activities). The nitrate content ranges from 4 to 489 mg.L-1. Groundwater nitrate correlates positively with chloride and potassium. That would suggest that the high content of nitrate may result from the septic tank, the cesspool and the animal wastes storage, located next to the well. However, people draw water from groundwater for domestic purposes, as the water infrastructure remains undeveloped in the studied area. The measurement of trace constituents are performed using Total Relflection X-ray Fluorescence (TXRF) analytical method and the major ions are determined by Ion Chromatograph (IC) system.

  10. Exploring quality of life among the elderly in Hai Duong province, Vietnam: a rural–urban dialogue

    OpenAIRE

    Huong, Nguyen Thanh; Hai Ha, Le Thi; Quynh Chi, Nguyen Thai; Hill, Peter S; Walton, Tara

    2012-01-01

    Background: Quality of life (QoL) is an important health index for the elderly, necessary for assessing interventions, and prioritising medical and social care needs. As the ageing population in Vietnam continues to increase, understanding important dimensions of QoL for the elderly is essential. There is a paucity of research in this area, however, and the available literature focuses on functional capacities. The purpose of this article is to explore perceptions on the dimensions of QoL amo...

  11. 河北沿海区耕地土壤质量综合评价%Comprehensive Evaluation of Soil Quality in Coastal Region of Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀萍; 张国新; 鲁雪林; 刘雅辉; 王贵政

    2013-01-01

    为了系统掌握河北沿海耕地土壤质量的现状,获取土壤质量提升的优化调控措施。采用GIS与模糊综合评判相结合的方法,对河北沿海区耕地土壤质量进行模糊综合评价与分级,获得土壤质量综合评判分级图。结果表明,研究区域耕地土壤质量状况总体较低,有机质中等偏低,全氮较为贫乏,有效磷和速效钾相对丰富,土壤全盐含量已达到中度盐渍化土标准,地下水矿化度高且埋深浅。土壤盐分、地下水矿化度与地下水埋深是土壤质量的主要限制因子。研究区不同行政区土壤质量状况具有明显差异性,其pH变异系数最小,全盐含量变异系数最大,其空间分布规律与土壤全盐含量相似;研究区土壤质量最差的区域是沧州沿海中东部、唐山沿海南部,其面积约占总耕地总面积的5.3%。土壤质量分级图可用于研究区中低产田改造、盐碱地综合治理,土壤质量较差的区域采取先种盐生植物、再种经济植物的“梯次推进”植物利用模式,通过逐步改善土壤理化性质,提高土壤质量。全面掌握区域的土壤质量状况,对河北沿海盐碱地土壤改良和科学管理提供依据。%This study was to systematically comprehend soil quality status in coastal region of Hebei Province, and acquire management measures to improve soil quality. With the application of fuzzy synthetic evaluation method and GIS technology, fuzzy synthetic evaluation and classification of regional soil quality was conducted, and spatial patterns of synthetic evaluation results of regional soil quality was obtained. The results indicated that, soil quality status of farmland across the study area was generally low, soil organic matter and N nutrient was low, available phosphorus and quick-acting potassium were abundant, content of total salt was up to the standard of medium saline soil, groundwater depth was shallower and

  12. Effect of Harvest Time on Yield and Quality of Thymus vulgaris L. Essential Oil in Isfahan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saied Salehi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L. is a perennial sub shrub belonging to family Lamiaceae. Thyme essential oils have been used for many thousands of years, especially in food preservation, pharmaceuticals, alternative medicine and natural therapies. In order to determine the effect of harvest time on quality and quantity of essential oil in thyme, this experiment was done in a randomized complete block design with three replications at research station of Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan (Isfahan during 2010-2011. Plants were harvested in five stages: before blooming, beginning of blooming, 50% blooming, full blooming and fruit set. The essential oils obtained from the phenological stages of thyme were analyzed by using GC/MS. The results obtained in our study showed that the phenological stages had very significant effects (P

  13. [Effects of rootstocks on the growth and berry quality of Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet Sauvignon grapevine in Changli zone, Hebei Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Min-min; Yuan, Jun-wei; Liu, Chang-jiang; Han, Bin; Huang, Jia-zhen; Guo, Zi-juan; Zhao, Sheng-iian

    2016-01-01

    Cabernet Sauvignon grafted onto seven rootstocks 188-08, 5BB, SO4, 3309C, 110R, 5C and 101-14M, with the own-rooted vines as control, were investigated to study the effects of different rootstocks on the growth, fruit quality and yield of Cabernet Sauvignon in Changli zone, Hebei Province, China. The results showed that Cabernet Sauvignon grafted on 5BB and 5C significantly increased the trunk diameter, and 5C significantly increased one-year-old shoot diameter. 188-08, 5BB and 5C as rootstock obviously improved berry soluble solid content, in addition 188- 08 and 5BB significantly increased berry reducing sugar content. The vines on 101-14M and 3309C significantly decreased berry titratable acid content. The rootstock 5C and 101-14M significantly raised grape skin phenol and anthocyanin contents, and rootstock 101-14M significantly increased tannin content in grape skin. Cabernet Sauvignon grafted onto 3309C, 110R, 5C and 101-14M obviously got higher yield per vine than own-rooted vines. Growing parameter, grape quality index and yield per vine grafted on seven rootstocks and own-rooted vine were synthetically evaluated by fuzzy evaluation method, and the synthetical effects of vine grafted on seven rootstocks were better than own-rooted vine, with the order of scores from high to low as 5C, 101-14M, 3309C, 5BB, 188-08, 110R and SO4 under Changli unique climate and environment conditions. PMID:27228593

  14. Family size and intergenerational social mobility during the fertility transition: Evidence of resource dilution from the city of Antwerp in nineteenth century Belgium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Van Bavel

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available It has been argued in sociology, economics, and evolutionary anthropology that family size limitation enhances the intergenerational upward mobility chances in modernized societies. If parents have a large flock, family resources get diluted and intergenerational mobility is bound to head downwards. Yet, the empirical record supporting this resource dilution hypothesis is limited. This article investigates the empirical association between family size limitation and intergenerational mobility in an urban, late nineteenth century population in Western Europe. It uses life course data from the Belgian city of Antwerp between 1846 and 1920. Findings are consistent with the resource dilution hypothesis: after controlling for confounding factors, people with many children were more likely to end up in the lower classes. Yet, family size limitation was effective as a defensive rather than an offensive strategy: it prevented the next generation from going down rather than helping them to climb up the social ladder. Also, family size appears to have been particularly relevant for the middle classes. Implications for demographic transition theory are discussed.

  15. Hydrochemical characteristics and quality assessment of deep groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer of the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Man-Li; Peng, Wei-Hua; Gui, He-Rong

    2016-04-01

    There is little information available about the hydrochemical characteristics of deep groundwater in the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China. In this study, we report information about the physicochemical parameters, major ions, and heavy metals of 17 groundwater samples that were collected from the coal-bearing aquifer. The results show that the concentrations of total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, and potassium and sodium (K(+) + Na(+)) in most of the groundwater samples exceeded the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Chinese National Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB 5749-2006). The groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer was dominated by the HCO3·Cl-K + Na and HCO3·SO4-K + Na types. Analysis with a Gibbs plot suggested that the major ion chemistry of the groundwater was primarily controlled by weathering of rocks and that the coal-bearing aquifer in the Linhuan coal-mining district was a relatively closed system. K(+) and Na(+) originated from halite and silicate weathering reactions, while Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) originated from the dissolution of calcite, dolomite, and gypsum or anhydrite. Ion exchange reactions also had an influence on the formation of major ions in groundwater. The concentrations of selected heavy metals decreased in the order Mn > Zn > Cr > Cu > Ni > Pb. In general, the heavy metal concentrations were low; however, the Cr, Mn, and Ni concentrations in some of the groundwater samples exceeded the standards outlined by the WHO, the GB 5749-2006, and the Chinese National Standards for Groundwater (GB/T 14848-93). Analysis by various indices (% Na, SAR, and EC), a USSL diagram, and a Wilcox diagram showed that both the salinity and alkalinity of the groundwater were high, such that the groundwater could not be used for irrigating agricultural land without treatment. These results will be significant for water resource exploiting and utilization in

  16. The Univariate and Bivariate Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Quality of Life:A Cross Sectional Study in the Hubei Province-Central China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ommari Baaliy MKANGARA; Chongjian WANG; Hao XIANG; Yihua XU; Shaofa NIE; Li LIU; Saumu Tobbi MWERI; Mustaafa BAPUMIIA; Theresia M KOBELO; Felicia Williams JACKSON

    2009-01-01

    This study is aimed to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) for individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Hubei province-central China by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version).One hundred and thirty six respondents (HIV/AIDS individuals) attending out-patient department of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Chinese CDC) were administered a structured questionnaire developed by investigators.QOL was evaluated by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version).The resuits showed that the mean score of overall QOL on a scale of 0-100 was 25.8.The mean scores in 4 domains of QOL on a scale of 0-100 were 82.9 (social domain),27.5 (psychological domain),17.7 (physical domain) and 11.65 (environmental domain).The significant difference of QOL was noted in the score of physical domain between asymptomatic (14.6) and early symptomatic individuals (12) (P=0.014),and between patients with early symptoms (12) and those with AIDS (10.43) (P<0.001).QOL in psychological domain was significantly lower in early symptomatic (12.1) (P<0.05) and AIDS patients (12.4) (P<0.006) than in asymptomatic individuals (14.2).The difference in QOL scores in the psychological domain was significant with respect to the income of patients (P<0.048) and educational status (P<0.037).Significantly better QOL scores in the physical domain (P<0.040) and environmental domain (P<0.017) were noted with respect to the occupation of the patients.Patients with family support had better QOL scores in environmental domain.In our research,QOL for HIV/AIDS individuals was associated with education,occupation,income,family support and clinical categories of the patients.It was concluded that WHOQOL-BREF Chinese version was successfully used in the evaluation of QOL of HIV/AIDS individuals in Chinese population and proved to be a reliable and useful tool.

  17. Rivalry, solidarity, and longevity among siblings: A life course approach to the impact of sibship composition and birth order on later life mortality risk, Antwerp (1846-1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robyn Donrovich

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Family composition and household dynamics, both in early and in later life, influence individual health and longevity. Both positive and negative effects can be expected in terms of sibling size and composition. On one hand, siblings compete with each other, which may lead to resource dilution and increased adult mortality risks. On the other hand, siblings protect and care for each other, which may have a positive impact on longevity. Objective: To investigate the way in which sibling composition (with respect to sibship size, sex, and birth order in the family of orientation and the proximity of siblings in later life relates to adult mortality risks at ages 50+. Methods: Life courses of 258 men and 275 women from the Antwerp COR*-database were 'reconstructed' and analyzed by way of event history analysis using Gompertz shared frailty models. Results: Being higher in birth order related to significantly higher mortality risk after age 50 for men. Having older brothers, particularly those present in later life, was associated with very high excess mortality risk for both sexes, though men were more strongly disadvantaged. Having (more younger sisters present at RP (research person age 50 was related to significantly lower relative mortality risk for women. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the complex relationships between sibling and gender dynamics and mortality risk in later life. Evidence of a lasting impact of sibling competition on mortality risk over age 50 is found; and competition is only replaced by solidarity in critical times (e.g., widowhood, wherein older sibling presence dissimilarly impacts different social groups.

  18. MONITORING RESULT OF THE DISINFECTION QUALITY OF DIFFERENT MEDICAL AND HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN ZHEJIANG PROVINCE%浙江省不同医疗卫生机构消毒质量监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆烨; 胡国庆; 王笑笑

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解浙江省不同类型医疗卫生机构消毒质量,以便加强消毒管理,提高消毒质量提供依据.方法 通过现场采样检测,调查了浙江省各种类型医疗卫生机构消毒质量情况.结果 2008-2009年,共监测1 585家次医疗机构,采集样品15 633份,消毒质量总平均合格率为90.87%;监测299家次托幼机构,样品3 701份,总评均合格率为79.60%;监测73家次公共场所,样品2 918份,总平均合格率为80.01%.结论 浙江省医疗卫生机构消毒工作开展覆盖率较高,各项消毒措施落实比较到位,消毒质量总体合格率比较高,但仍存在一些问题需要改进.%Objective To know the disinfection quality of different medical and health institutions in Zhejiang province,and to enhance the management, improve the quality of disinfection. Methods Field sampling was used to investigate disinfection quality of different medical and health institutions in Zhejiang province. Results From 2008 to 2009, 1 585 times of the medical institutions were investigated. The average eligible rate of disinfection quality of medical supplies was 90.87% of the total 15 633 times samples. 299 times of kindergarten institutions were investigated, the average eligible rate was 79.60% of the total 3 701 samples. 73 times of public institutions were investigated, the average eligible rate of was 80.01% of the total 2918 times samples. Conclusion The institutions performance works of Zhejiang province is relatively standardized, disinfection works measures has been completed, eligible rate of disinfection quality is high. But in some aspects still needs to be improved.

  19. 土地利用变化对水城盆地岩溶水水质的影响%The influence of land use change on karst water quality of Shuicheng Basin in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾亚男; 袁道先

    2004-01-01

    The influence of land use and land cover on ecological environment is a focus of global change research. The paper chooses an industrial city-Shuicheng in Guizhou Province-as a study area because the karst water quality around the city is deteriorating with land use and land cover change.The natural susceptibility of karst water system is an important factor leading to karst water pollution.But land use and land cover change is also a main factor according to the chemical analysis of karst water quality and land use change. So it is a good way to protect karst water through rational planning and managing of land use and land cover.

  20. A management strategy for internal quality assurance in the training of student teachers in teacher training institutions in the Gauteng Province / Jacoba Elizabeth Fourie

    OpenAIRE

    Fourie, Jacoba Elizabeth

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the management of internal quality assurance in the professional training of student teachers in teacher training institutions by focusing on: • the nature of teacher training in South Africa; • the nature of the management of quality assurance in education; • models for the management of internal quality assurance in education; • existing practices regarding the management of internal quality assurance in teacher training inst...

  1. Quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    What is quality? How do you achieve it? How do you keep it once you have got it. The answer for industry at large is the three-step hierarchy of quality control, quality assurance and Total quality Management. An overview is given of the history of quality movement, illustrated with examples from Schlumberger operations, as well as the oil industry's approach to quality. An introduction of the Schlumberger's quality-associated ClientLink program is presented. 15 figs., 4 ills., 16 refs

  2. 基于AHP的吉林省农民从业素质评价%Evaluation of Working Quality of Farmers in Jilin Province on the Basis of AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨光

    2011-01-01

    In terms of the working quality of agricultural production and the working quality of non-agricultural production, the evaluation index system of the working quality of farmers is established. By using integrated fuzzy method based on AHP, we determine the weight of each index, and establish membership matrix of this evaluation index system. Taking Jilin Province as an example, we select developed regions, underdevel oped regions and comparatively developed regions respectively to conduct survey. By using the data from survey, according to the established e valuation index system, we conduct empirical analysis of the working quality of farmers. The results show that the working quality of farmers in the developed regions is relatively high, the working quality of fanners in the comparatively developed regions is ordinary, and the working quality of fanners in the underdeveloped regions is relatively low; the physical quality, educational quality and technological quality of farmers in the de veloped regions are high; the operation quality of agricultural production of fanners in the underdeveloped regions is high; the operation quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions is high; the working quality of agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions is higher than the working quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions; the working quality of non-agricultural industries of farmers in the developed re gions is higher than the working quality of agricultural production. The urgent priority of constructing new village is to coordinate urban-rural de velopment, and to offer preferential policies and capital for the villages with backward economic development level.%从农业生产从业素质和非农产业从业素质2个方面,构建了农民从业素质评价指标体系,基于AHP的综合模糊分

  3. Summary Report: Surveillance of Water Quality in the Songhua River Syatem in Heilongjiang Province, P.R. of China Harbin, Heilongjiang 26 February - 3 March 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wathne, Bente M.; Borgvang, Stig A.; Dagestad, Kjersti

    1997-12-31

    This report describes the discussions and the commitments made during meetings in Harbin, China, between Chinese and Norwegian researchers participating in a project on the water quality of a river system in China

  4. Pollution Across Chinese Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine Yap Co; Fanying Kong; Shuanglin Lin

    2008-01-01

    We revisit the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis using 1987-1995 data for Chinese provinces. A comparison of off-sample (1996-2004) predictions to actual emissions indicates that more stringent rules are still needed to fight industrial (waste water and dust) pollution. Auxiliary regressions show that conditional on income, northern provinces have lower industrial waste water pollution; non-coastal and provinces with smaller secondary industry shares have lower industrial (waste wa...

  5. Investigate the quality of life in small cities, with an emphasis on the personal and social health dimension (case study: Nourcity, Mazandran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ghadami

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Extended abstract1-IntroductionUrbanization is as one of the most important affected factors on personal and social health of citizens.So that, human health influenced by social - economic and their environment situation largely and depended on the plans and purposes which the city considered for them and so improving the urban quality of life, is depended on promote the health. Rapid urbanization and paying attention to physical concepts and disregarding the social goals in the urban development plans, cities has encountered with undesirable cycle of social- economic environmental imbalances and in total, declining the quality of life. Now, planners and urban decision-makers have decided to pay attention to and focus on the issue of urban quality of life, find a solution to make of human free from these problems. Despite the importance of quality of life in the urban development process, has not been much attention to this important issue, due to rapid urbanization and the need to urban development especially from the 80 decade and also due to poor vision in the right direction and control of urban development in Nour of Mazandaran and face to the problems so weaknesses in the quality and quantity of services, public and welfare spaces as municipal standards, lack of attention to environmental issues and the imbalance between social welfare and economic efficiency (in favor of economic efficiency and ... that in total, the urban quality of life has encountered with difficult. 2- MethodologyThe method of this study is, descriptive – analytic whit goal of do an investigation on the quality of life in Nour city as a small city, with an emphasis on the personal and social health dimension. Thus, quality of environmental, quality of functional environmental and quality of community components, have been studied. The required data have been collected through field visits and studies and compeleting a questionnaire with a sample size of 320

  6. 我省城镇化进程中新社区居民素质现状调查研究%Our province urbanization new community residents quality present situation investigation and study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璐

    2014-01-01

    “村改居”这一新型社区作为城镇化的切入点和必然选择,近年来在全国各地积极推进、成效显著。而城镇化进程的主体—“村改居”社区居民的文化素质、技术能力和思想道德水平的高低直接关系到我国城镇化的进程速度和质量。本文通过对我省石家庄、唐山、秦皇岛、廊坊等市“村改居”社区居民素质的现状调查研究发现,居民素质现状有待于进一步提升,需要通过各种渠道不断提高居民的文化素质、强化居民的科技能力、增强居民的思想道德素养,从而促使“村改居”社区居民综合素质的全面提升。%“country to residence”the new type of urbanization in the community as a breakthrough point and the inevitable choice, all over the country actively promoting and fruitful in recent years. And the body of the urbanization process, “country to residence”community's culture of the community residents quality, technical ability and ideological and moral level of high and low is directly related to China's urbanization process speed and quality. This ar-ticle through to our province Shijiazhuang, Tangshan, Qinhuangdao and Langfang city“country to residence”community's quality of the community residents present situation investigation and study. Res-idents quality status quo remains to be further ascension, need to constantly improve the people's cultural quality through various channels, strengthening the ability of science and technology of residents, enhance people's ideological and moral quality, so the overall quality of community residents and improved.

  7. Access and Quality in Education in Resettlement Schools: The Case Study of Zvivingwi Secondary School in Gutu District, Masvingo Province in Zimbabwe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenjekwa, Vincent

    2013-01-01

    In Zimbabwe, the discourse on access and quality in education has been a raging one since the colonial days of bottlenecks and outright discrimination against black Zimbabweans in education. The doors to education were declared open to all at independence in 1980 with the new Zimbabwe government's enunciated policy of education for all. It is an…

  8. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study is based on an ethnobotanical research project conducted in Hormozgan province that is located in south of Iran, bordering waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. This survey was carried out in order to recover the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge of the residents of this province. They are using medicinal and functional plants for treating or preventing several diseases. Materials and Methods: Ethnobotanical data sheets were run with the native inhabitants and people of the province by arranging frequent field trips to different parts of the province and direct interviews with them especially those who were more familiar with the plants and their usage.Results: A total of 150 plant species belonging to 53 families were recorded for their ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal uses among the people of province. The records were developed by scientific names, family names, local names, medicinal parts used, different ways of their application, and traditional uses of the plants. There was high compliance in the use of plants in painful disorders, gastrointestinal, and dermatological diseases.Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life. Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  9. Diversity and abundance of aquatics macroinvertebrates and water quality from high and low watersheds of Gariche River, Chiriqui province, Republic of Panama

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diversity and abundance of aquatic microinvertebrate and quality of water in four sampling stations located in Gariche river high and low watersheds, during the dry season (January to April) and the rainy season (July to October) of 2010, were determined using methods described by Pino and Bernal (2009). A total of 4 964 individuals, belonging to 50 genera, 30 families and nine orders of class Insecta were identified. The average of the Shannon-Weaver Diversity Index in the dry season was 2.36 and 1.95 in rainy season, representing a middle diversity in this ecosystem. In dry season, the abundance of individuals was higher in the order Hemiptera, family Veliidae, and genus Rhagovelia followed by Trichoptera, family Hydroptilidae, and genus Atanatolica. In rainy season, the most representative orders were Ephemeroptera, family Leptophlebiidae and genus Thraulodes, followed by Hemiptera, family Veliidae and genus Rhagovelia. The Jaccard Index indicated that the stations with the greatest similarity were 1 and 2, with a 65.2 % (dry season) and 76.9 % (rainy season), while the similarity was low between stations 1 and 3, with 33.3 % (dry season) and 41.7 % (rainy season). The Biotic Index BMWP/PAN for the dry and rainy seasons, indicated a regular water quality for stations 1 and 2, but with acceptable quality at stations 3 and 4. The physic and chemical variables showed values within acceptable limits during the dry season, while in the rainy season the levels were low, according to the values established by the primary environmental quality standards and quality levels for freshwater recreational use without direct contact, influencing in the heterogeneity of aquatic macroinvertebrates in each sampling station.

  10. 江西省人口文化素质空间格局及与城市规模匹配分析%SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF THE POPULATION CULTURE QUALITY AND MATCH WITH CITY SCALE IN JIANGXI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭泉恩; 钟业喜; 王琪

    2013-01-01

    Population culture quality is one of indexes in social attributes of population,the level of intelligence and knowledge,the ability of judging and handling problems in scientific way.It is also one of the important indicators to weigh the comprehensive strength of a country or region.Increasing of population culture quality must be good to accelerate the harmony developing of society,what's more,it will produce a key influence to promoting economy and society.Culture quality is the most important angle in research on spatial structure of population quality and the mach with city scale rather than health quality,mind quality and so on.In the choice of research area,the published papers tend to pick country,province or city,research on county is less.Even though city scale has cleared link with culture quality,the match with city is studied less.This paper took Jiangxi province as the research union,used the data of fifth and sixth nationwide census,utilized some softwares combined with several mathematical methods to measure indicators of culture quality in every place and to investigate its dynamic evolution of spatial pattern from the year of 2000 and 2010.The matched-degree between people culture quality and its city scale was measured by match analysis method.In order to make the result more deeply,this paper analyzed from two aspects:the three regions including north,central and south of Jiangxi,and the prefecture-level city.The diversity of former kind regions especially economy was obvious.The north area took the lead in Jiangxi Province,the central was the old district and played an important role in the history,and the south had distinguishing feature in mineral resources.The study results were as follows.(1) The space was based on wriggle aggregation,and the phenomenon that high-quality population gathered in the north of Jiangxi had not changed.(2)The condition of culture-city offset was improved from the larger regional disparities to balanced

  11. 湖北省体育学类精品课程建设现状及对策研究%The Research on Present Situation and Countermeasures for Physical Education Courses of Quality in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑湘平; 陈义龙

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料、专家访谈和内容分析等方法,对湖北省体育类国家级、省级精品课程的师资队伍、教学内容、教材建设、教学方法和教学管理建设现状进行了分析,研究结果认为:师资队伍学缘结构单一、教学研究偏少、教材建设滞后、课程建设经费弱显不足。为了进一步提高湖北省精品课程的建设质量,针对存在的问题提出了相应的对策,以期为湖北省体育学类精品课程的建设提供参考。%Literature research,expert interviews and content analysis were used in this paper.The thesis,based on the quality course construction of national and provincial in Hubei province,analyzes the current situation of quality course from teaching staffs,teaching content,teaching material construction,teaching methods and Teaching Administration.The results show that course construction has the problem of single education-related structure;little teaching research;the construction of teaching materials is stagnant and so on.To further improve the quality of the construction,the paper gave some relevant countermeasures for the existing problems in addition.

  12. Breeding Technique and Quality Standard for Desmodium Styracifolium Seeds in Hainan Province%海南省广金钱草种子的繁育技术和质量标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨春雨; 甘炳春

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究海南省广金钱草的种子繁育技术。方法进行广金钱草种子调查采样、种子育苗、大田种植、种子采收、种子质量鉴定和种子贮存等研究。结果掌握了海南省广金钱草的种子调查采样、种子育苗、大田种植、种子采收、种子质量鉴定和种子贮存等技术。结论海南省广金钱草种子繁育技术由种子调查采样、种子育苗、大田种植、种子采收、种子质量鉴定和种子贮存等技术组成。%Objective To research the Desmodium styracifolium seeds breeding technique in Hainan province. Methods The researches on seeds sampling,seed seedling raising,field planting,seed collecting,seed quality identification and seed storage of Desmodium styraci-folium were performed. Results The techniques of Desmodium styracifolium seeds sampling,seed seedling raising,field planting,seed col-lecting,seed quality identification and seed storage were mastered. Conclusion The Hainan Desmodium styracifolium seeds breeding technique consists of seeds sampling,seed seedling raising,field planting,seed collecting,seed quality identification and seed storage.

  13. Quality Control Results of Medical Diagnostic X-ray Machine in Some Areas of Hebei Province%河北省部分地区医用X射线诊断设备质控检测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨彦文; 周开建; 曹子洲

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To investigate the quality control effects of medical diagnostic X-ray machine in hospitals at provincial, municipal and county levels. [Methods] Victoreen NERO mAx system, optical density meter, brightness meter were adopted for the test. [Results] All provincial hospitals were qualified, and none township hospital was qualified, the qualified rats of municipal and county hospitals were 33. 3% and 44.4% . The qualified rate of main test items of fluoroscopy X-ray machine performance (90% ) was better than that of photography X-ray machine (27. 8% ). [Conclusion] Many problems exist in X-ray machine quality in Hebei province which needs strengthening supervision of quality.%目的 调查河北省内省、市、县不同类型医院医用诊断X射线机质量控制水平.方法 主要采用Victoreen NEROTMmAx系统、光密度计、亮度仪进行检测.结果 省级医院全部合格,乡镇卫生院均不合格,市县合格率分别为33.3%与44.4%.就主要检测项目透视X线机性能质量合格率为90%,好于摄影X线机的合格率(27.8%).结论 河北省X射线诊断设备质量控制方面存在问题较多,必须加强质量控制检测的监督力度.

  14. Effects of Different Planting Patterns on Yield and Quality of Peanut in Northwest Hebei Province%不同种植方式对冀西北花生产量和品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王激清; 左利兵; 刘社平

    2011-01-01

    Ordinary peanut and color peanut were used as experiment material. Effects of three planting patterns, film covering and double ridge planting, single ridge planting and flat land drilling, on yield and quality of peanut were studied in northwest Hebei province. The results showed that comparing with single ridge planting and flat land drilling, film covering and double ridge planting could increase the germination rate of peanut and make the seedling stage, flowering stage and maturity stage earlier. Film covering and double ridge planting could significantly improve 100-pod weight and 100-seed weight and increase the number of pod per plant, so as to significantly increase yield of peanut. In addition, planting patterns affected quality of peanut. Film covering and double ridge planting could significantly increase protein content, ratio of oleic acid and linoleic acid. Results also showed that yield and protein content of color peanut were higher than those of ordinary peanut under same planting pattern. Therefore, color peanut has greater production potential in northwest Hebei province.%以普通花生(Arachis hypogaea L.)和引入的彩色花生为试验材料,研究覆膜双行垄种、单行垄种和平地直接条播3种种植方式对冀西北地区花生产量和品质的影响.结果表明,覆膜双行垄种能提高花生出苗率,且使花生出苗期、开花期和成熟期明显提前,与单行垄种和平地直接条播相比.覆膜双行垄种能显著提高花生的百果重和百仁重,并能增加花生的单株结果数,因此能显著提高花生产量;不同种植方式对花生子仁品质也有影响,覆膜双行垄种能显著提高花生蛋白质含量、油酸/亚油酸比值.同一种植方式下,彩色花生的产量和蛋白质含量高于普通花生,在冀西北地区有更大的推广应用潜力.

  15. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Musran Munizu

    2013-01-01

    This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM) practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery c...

  16. Investigate the quality of life in small cities, with an emphasis on the personal and social health dimension (case study: Nourcity, Mazandran Province)

    OpenAIRE

    M Ghadami; S. Motamed

    2013-01-01

    Extended abstract1-IntroductionUrbanization is as one of the most important affected factors on personal and social health of citizens.So that, human health influenced by social - economic and their environment situation largely and depended on the plans and purposes which the city considered for them and so improving the urban quality of life, is depended on promote the health. Rapid urbanization and paying attention to physical concepts and disregarding the social goals in the urban develop...

  17. 安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量现况调查%Sleep and quality of life among rural elderly in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 董青; 刘娟娟; 董永海; 杨林胜; 叶冬青; 黄芬

    2010-01-01

    Objective The primary purposes of this article were to examine the distributions and correlation between conditions of sleep and the quality of life,so as to explore the risk factors of abnormal sleep among elderly in the rural areas of Anhui province.Methods Elderly who aged 60 years or more (n= 1680) were randomly selected from rural areas in Anhui province.Conditions of sleep and quality of life of the subjects were assessed independently,using the pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQ1) scale and SF-36 scale.A generalized logistic model analysis was performed,using sleep-related factors as explanatory variables.Results The average PSQI score was 7.43 + 4.13.Persons whose sleep conditions were graded as well,common or poor were accounted for 29.4%,24.3%,46.3%,respectively.Sex and sleep quality were different in terms of quality of life among all the factors (P<0.05).Men had better quality than women,and poor sleepers had poorer quality of life as compared to the one with better conditions.Factors as being married/living alone/economically independent,having better social function,often eating meat or wheat were significant predictors for having good sleep conditions.However,factors as better education received,living alone,with poor vitality/general health,having chronic diseases (back pain,coronary heart or stomach disease),less meat intake,rice as major foods etc.were predictors for poorer sleeping condition.Conclusion Our data showed that it was unsatisfactory on the quality of sleep among the rural elderly in Anhui province.Conditions on general,health and nutrition should be improved in order to prevent the poor sleep condition.%目的 了解安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量的现状及两者的相关性,并探索睡眠异常的影响因素.方法 分别应用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表、SF-36量表评价安徽省农村老年人的睡眠状况和生活质量.采用广义logistic回归分析模型筛选睡眠的影响因素.结果 睡眠

  18. 甘肃省部分市级医疗机构消毒质量调查%INVESTIGATION ON DISINFECTION QUALITY OF SOME MUNICIPAL HOSPITALS IN GANSU PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭红; 贾玉新; 宁俊艳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To know the disinfection quality situation in municipal hospitals of Gansu province, so as to find out the existing problems and to propose improving measures. Methods On the spot investigation and sampling method were used to monitor disinfection quality in hospital. Results 10307 samples were detected in 2007 ~2010. The average overall qualified rate was 85. 57%. Among monitoring objects, the qualified rate of sterile device sterilization was the highest, reaching 93. 86%. The eligible rates of disinfectant in use, indoor air and ultraviolet lamp were 90. 73% ,76. 76% and 78. 20% respectively. The eligible rate of disinfection quality of municipal hospital, workers hospital and private clinics were 94. 02% ,93.38% and 78.52% respectively. Conclusion The disinfection quality situations in Gansu municipal hospitals are at medium level and the quality of sterile device disinfection should be paid more attention and be improved.%目的 了解甘肃省市级医疗机构消毒质量状况,找出存在的问题,提出改进管理的措施.方法 采用现场调查和采样检测方法,对甘肃省部分医疗机构消毒质量进行监测.结果 自2007-2010年连续4年共检测样品10 307份,平均总合格率为85.57%.监测对象中,以无菌器械灭菌合格率最高,为93.86%;使用中消毒剂、室内空气和紫外线灯合格率分别为90.73%、76.76%和78.20%.市级医疗机构、厂矿职工医院和个体诊所消毒质量平均合格率依次为94.02%、93.38%和78.52%.结论 甘肃省部分市级医疗机构总体消毒质量处于中等水平,无菌器械灭菌质量应重点关注,必须改进和提高.

  19. Community health centers and primary care access and quality for chronically-ill patients – a case-comparison study of urban Guangdong Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Shi, Leiyu; Lee, De-Chih; Liang, Hailun; Zhang, Luwen; Makinen, Marty; Blanchet, Nathan; Kidane, Ruth; Lindelow, Magnus; Wang, Hong; Wu, Shaolong

    2015-01-01

    Objective Reform of the health care system in urban areas of China has prompted concerns about the utilization of Community Health Centers (CHC). This study examined which of the dominant primary care delivery models, i.e., the public CHC model, the ‘gate-keeper’ CHC model, or the hospital-owned CHC models, was most effective in enhancing access to and quality of care for patients with chronic illness. Methods The case-comparison design was used to study nine health care organizations in Guan...

  20. 贵州省医学院校人文素质教育的现状及对策%Present situation and countermeasures of humanistic quality in Guizhou Province medical education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙强

    2013-01-01

      面对医学教育模式的转变和我国五年制《本科医学教育标准-临床医学专业(试行)》的基本要求,文章在调研贵州省属三所医学高校人文素质教育现状的基础上,强调必须结合贵州经济、教育和医疗卫生事业发展相对滞后的现状,提出提升贵州省医学高等人文素质教育水平的对策。%Face on medical education model change and China's five year system"standards of undergraduate medical education and clinical medicine (Trial)"basic requirements, based on the investigation of Guizhou provincial three Medical College of Humanities Quality Education in the current situation, must be combined with the Guizhou economic, educational and medical and health undertakings development relative lag, advances some countermeasures to promote the Guizhou province higher medical humanities education level.

  1. Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Urban Ambient Air Quality and Its Main Influence Factors in Hubei Province%湖北省城市环境空气质量时空演化格局及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁镭; 刘超; 黄亚林; 陈昆仑; 曾克峰

    2016-01-01

    以湖北省17个城市2004-2013年的空气监测数据为基础,利用Daniel趋势检验、空间插值分析、面板计量模型等方法分析城市环境空气质量的时空演化特征及主要影响因素.结果表明,10年间湖北省城市空气质量总体呈下降趋势,其中空气质量下降的城市有10个,并在月份上表现出“U型”特征,冬季的1月和12月份是空气污染最严重时期.其次,湖北省的城市空气污染存在一定的空间转移趋势,SO2的污染重心由鄂西的恩施州和宜昌等地区,逐步向荆州、宜昌以及鄂东南的黄石、鄂州转移;NO2和PM10的污染主要集中在个别受工业污染与城市汽车尾气排放影响比较突出的大中型城市,如武汉、宜昌、鄂州、黄石等地区.面板计量检验表明,建成区面积、汽车拥有量两个解释变量对空气环境有着显著的作用,SO2和综合空气质量指数与城市经济发展呈现“U型”曲线的变化趋势,空气污染依然严峻.因而,严格控制城市规模、有序地进行城市建设和汽车尾气污染治理是当前湖北省城市空气环境治理的一个重要方向.在产业结构调整、工业污染减排的大背景下,未来需优化区域产业布局、落实涉气建设项目环评区域限批、加强区域联防联控.%The air monitoring data of 17 cities in Hubei province during 2004-2013 were obtained from the municipal statistical yearbook and statistical bulletin.This article applied methods such as Daniel trend test,spatial interpolation method and panel econometric model to analyze spatial and temporal characteristics of city ambient air quality and the main influence factors.The result showed that urban air quality of Hubei Province was on the decline in general,among which 10 cites' air quality descend with "U" characteristics,the most serious situation appeared in January and December in winter.Second,there was a bit of space transfer trend of the air pollution in Hubei

  2. Study on the Quality of Life and Health Status of the Elderly in Liaoning Province%辽宁省老年人群生活质量及健康现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王毅; 宋旿一; 李博宇

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the quality of life of the elderly population in Liaoning Province, and to analyze the relevant factors, to provide evidence for the elderly health intervention programs. Methods literature research, questionnaire, interview and statistics and other methods. Results between rural and urban intervention and control groups, the elderly population there are differences in socio-demographic status, economic status, lifestyle behaviors, mental status, chronic diseases and so on. Conclusion Factors affecting the quality of life of urban and rural elderly population differences in economic income, education, living conditions, health awareness, and make recommendations.%目的:通过调查辽宁省老年人群生命质量状况,分析相关影响因素,为老年健康干预方案提供依据。方法采用文献研究法、问卷调查法、访谈法和统计学等方法。结果城乡干预组与对照组间,老年人群在社会人口学状况、经济状况、行为生活方式、心理状况、慢性病等方面存在差异。结论造成城乡老年人群生命质量差异的影响因素为经济收入、受教育程度、居住条件、健康意识等,并提出建议。

  3. Status of Life Quality of Elderly People in Hebei Province and Its Influencing Factors%河北省老年人生存质量现状及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海娟; 刘俊杰; 张敏; 李淑杏; 陈长香; 吴保平

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of life quality of the elderly in Hebei Province and to explore its influencing factors. Methods The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment - Brief Version ( WHOQOL - BREF ) and self - designed general questionnaire including age, sex, residence, education background, marital status, income, family living style, family function and chronic diseases were used for household interview. All the questionnaires were retrieved and checked one by one, the omitted or missed items were timely complemented at the same day. The informed data were statistically analyzed. Results The scores of life quality of the elderly in Hebei Province were ( 59. 1 ± 16. 9 ) physiologically, ( 59. 3 ± 14. 9 ) psychologically, ( 63. 6 ± 15. 0 ) sociologically, and ( 56. 6 ± 14. 7 ) environmentally, which were all significantly lower than the norms (P<0. 05) . The monthly income [ OR = 1. 969, 95% CI(1.396, 2.833)), family function [ OR = 0. 597 , 95% CI ( 0. 395 , 0. 903 ) ], daily exercise ability [ OR = 5. 406, 95% CI ( 3. 736, 7. 823 ) ] and chronic disease [ OR = 1. 528 , 95% CI ( 1. 095 , 2. 133 ) ] exerted significant impacts on their quality of life ( P <0. 05 ) . Conclusion The quality of life of the elderly in Hebei Province is generally not good, to which enough attention from the society and community should be given. For the elderly whose monthly income is lower, family function is not good, daily exercise ability is short, or who has a history of chronic disease, it is necessary to raise social and family support so as to improve their health level and quality of life.%目的 了解河北省老年人生存质量现状及影响因素.方法 采用世界卫生组织生存质量测定表简表(WHOQOL-BREF)、家庭功能评估量表(APGAP)和自编一般情况问卷(包括被调查者的年龄、性别、居住地、文化程度、婚姻状况、收入、家庭居住方式、家庭功能、慢性病等)以入户访谈方式逐个

  4. Uranium Provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Three uranium provinces are recognized in China, the Southeast China uranium province, the Northeast China-lnner Mongolia uranium province and the Northwest China (Xinjiang) uranium province. The latter two promise good potential for uranium resources and are major exploration target areas in recent years. There are two major types of uranium deposits: the Phanerozoic hydrothermal type (vein type) and the Meso-Cenozoic sandstone type in different proportions in the three uranium provinces. The most important reason or prerequisite for the formation of these uranium provinces is that Precambrian uranium-enriched old basement or its broken parts (median massifs) exists or once existed in these regions, and underwent strong tectonomagmatic activation during Phanerozoic time. Uranium was mobilized from the old basement and migrated upwards to the upper structural level together with the acidic magma originating from anatexis and the primary fluids, which were then mixed with meteoric water and resulted in the formation of Phanerozoic hydrothermal uranium deposits under extensional tectonic environments. Erosion of uraniferous rocks and pre-existing uranium deposits during the Meso-Cenozoic brought about the removal of uranium into young sedimentary basins. When those basins were uplifted and slightly deformed by later tectonic activity, roll-type uranium deposits were formed as a result of redox in permeable sandstone strata.

  5. Food quality and safety in export fresh fruit horticultural products: Implying in the labor process of agribusiness related to sweat citrus fruit in Entre Rios province Calidad y seguridad alimentaria en productos frutihortícolas frescos de exportación: Implicaciones en los procesos laborales de la agroindustria de cítricos dulces de Entre Ríos

    OpenAIRE

    Nidia Tadeo

    2008-01-01

    In the early 1990s the world market increases the demand of fresh fruit horticultural products in order to satisfy customers who require standardised products and "just in time" delivery. Meanwhile a great number of food quality and safety regulations are developed which are also concerned in workers wellfare, prohibition of children work and inverorment protection. This article shows the results of a study about citrus fruit and agribusiness related to citrus fruit in Entre Rios province, th...

  6. 某省县级结核病防治门诊病案质量调查与分析%Investigation of Medical Record Quality in County Level Tuberculosis Control Clinics in One Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹声; 陈求扬; 林淑芳; 林勇明

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate medical record quality in county level tuberculosis (TB) clinics in Fujian, to provide reference for the formulation of policy. Method Through a random check of medical record information in county level TB clinic for one year registration of active TB patients, the unified design of table was investigated. Result During the five years, the majority of medical record for patients with active TB had been tidied up timely on request. Among the medical record, some documents were well collected, including report of liver function tests, X - ray examination report, treatment agreement, treatment and management feedback, medication treatment supervision card. However, the collection of sputum smear examination report had to be improved; and most of the medical records were relatively simple. Conclusion The quality of county level medical records for active TB patients gradually improved in Fujian province. The quality awareness should be improved and medical record data collection and writing should be strengthened among out - patient doctors ; and the medical self - protection awareness must be strengthened to standardize written medical record.%目的 了解福建省县级结核病防治门诊病案质量现状,为制定政策提供参考依据.方法 随机抽查县级结核病防治门诊登记满1年的活动性肺结核患者病案资料,根据统一设计的表格进行检查.结果 5年间,大多数活动性肺结核痛患者的病案资料已按要求及时整理归档;抽查的病案资料中,肝功能检查报告单、X线检查报告单、治疗协议书、治疗管理反馈单与服药督导卡等单据收集较完整,但痰涂片检查报告单的收集还有待改进;大多数病案记录相对简单.结论 福建省县级活动性肺结核痛患者病案资料质量逐步提高;应提高结核病防治门诊医生质量意识,加强病案资料的收集;必须强化结核病防治门诊医生自我保护的意识,规范书写病案.

  7. 江苏近海水域2007年与1998年水质状况差异性分析%Difference analysis of water quality in offshore areas in Jiangsu Province in 2007 and 1998

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾莉; 华祖林; 褚克坚; 荣金

    2011-01-01

    Based on the results of the investigation into the water environment in the offshore areas in Jiangsu Province in May, 2007 and May, 1998, the water qualities in different coastal regions including the Haizhou Bay, the radial sand ridges, and the north branch of the Yangtze River were analyzed, and the differences in the content of the main water quality indices in the sea for these regions were compared in detail. The results show that the average concentrations of mercury in all these coastal regions reach grade II of the national marine water quality standard. The range of the envelope curve for mercury with a concentration of 0.1 μg/L in 2007 was much larger than that in 1998. The oil concentrations in the coastal regions increased in 2007, except for the Haizhou Bay. The DO concentrations in most coastal regions were higher in 2007 than in 1998, except for part of the northern region. The TP concentrations in the inshore areas decreased in 2007, and their pollution ranges in the offshore areas increased significantly.%基于2007年5月和1998年5月对江苏近海的水环境调查结果,统计分析了海州湾、辐射沙洲和长江北支等不同海域的水质状况,并对海水中部分重要水质指标含量的差异性进行了详细的对比分析.结果表明:汞在各海域的均值浓度可达到国家二类海水水质标准,但是2007年汞的0.1μg/L质量浓度包络线范围明显大于1998年;除了海州湾地区外,其余海域的油类浓度增大;除北部局部海区,2007年的溶解氧浓度基本高于1998年;2007年总磷浓度在近岸区有所降低,但近海海域的总磷污染范围增加较为明显.

  8. Operation Control and Information Management System of Shandong Province Environmental Water Quality Automatic Monitoring Network%山东省环境水质自动监测网运行管理系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许杨; 邱晓国; 李浩; 莫红; 万黎

    2012-01-01

    monitoring information, automatic assessment and system one-stop management upon operation and maintenance performance. Currently, this system has been widely applied in the Shandong Province and already achieved a remarkable accomplishment, which guarantees the accuracy, comparability and timeliness of monitoring data, provides technical safeguard for early warning of water quality safety, and offers scientific basis for environmental water quality improving measures designed by various government levels.

  9. Health-related quality of life as measured with EQ-5D among populations with and without specific chronic conditions: a population-based survey in Shaanxi Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhijun Tan

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL as measured by EQ-5D and to investigate the influence of chronic conditions and other risk factors on HRQoL based on a distributed sample located in Shaanxi Province, China. METHODS: A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was performed to select subjects. EQ-5D was employed to measure the HRQoL. The likelihood that individuals with selected chronic diseases would report any problem in the EQ-5D dimensions was calculated and tested relative to that of each of the two reference groups. Multivariable linear regression models were used to investigate factors associated with EQ VAS. RESULTS: The most frequently reported problems involved pain/discomfort (8.8% and anxiety/depression (7.6%. Nearly half of the respondents who reported problems in any of the five dimensions were chronic patients. Higher EQ VAS scores were associated with the male gender, higher level of education, employment, younger age, an urban area of residence, access to free medical service and higher levels of physical activity. Except for anemia, all the selected chronic diseases were indicative of a negative EQ VAS score. The three leading risk factors were cerebrovascular disease, cancer and mental disease. Increases in age, number of chronic conditions and frequency of physical activity were found to have a gradient effect. CONCLUSION: The results of the present work add to the volume of knowledge regarding population health status in this area, apart from the known health status using mortality and morbidity data. Medical, policy, social and individual attention should be given to the management of chronic diseases and improvement of HRQoL. Longitudinal studies must be performed to monitor changes in HRQoL and to permit evaluation of the outcomes of chronic disease intervention programs.

  10. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life.Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  11. Refractory Minerals in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Qinguo; LI Jing; LIU Jiehua; LIU Yanjun

    2004-01-01

    Henan province is very rich in refractory minerals of many varieties including silica, dolomite, graphite,pearlite, sepiolite, olivine, and sillimanite group minerals, besides the abundant reserves of fireclay and bauxite,which lay a good foundation for the development of the refractories industry of the province. The paper introduces the reserves, distribution and character of the refractory minerals in Henan province.

  12. Archangelsk Province Administration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioactive waste accumulating in the north of the Russian Federation is generated by naval activity, nuclear ice-breakers of the Murmansk Shipping Company, and shipbuilding and ship repairing companies. This report analyses the situation in the town of Severodvinsk in Archangelsk Province and the proposed plans to prevent radioactive pollution of the territory

  13. Evaluation of diet quality of residents in Jiangsu province with china diet balance index%应用中国膳食平衡指数评价江苏地区居民膳食质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱谦让; 袁宝君; 戴月; 孔媚兰; 王艳; 吴高林; 周翌婧

    2013-01-01

    目的:利用膳食平衡指数(DBI-07)综合评价江苏地区18~65岁居民的膳食质量,为开展营养干预提供依据.方法:选用2009年中国健康与营养调查中江苏地区954例18~65岁成年人完整的膳食调查资料以及个人基本情况,采用DBI-07评分方法评价江苏地区居民膳食质量水平.结果:江苏地区居民膳食质量整体处于低度失衡状态,摄入不足与摄入过量并存;男性摄入过量和不均衡程度高于女性,农村膳食摄入不足以及不均衡程度高于城市,40~49岁居民膳食失衡程度最高.结论:江苏地区居民摄入水果、奶豆类不足,而肉类、食用油、食盐摄入过量;居民主要膳食模式为B模式;男性、农村居民和40~49岁人群为主要干预对象;在宣传膳食指南和膳食宝塔的同时应对食用油、食盐摄入过量人群采取针对性的干预措施.%Objective:By using diet balance index(DBI-07),the diet structure and quality of resident in Jiangsu province have been evaluated. The findings can be used for nutritional intervention. Methods:The basic information of 954 residents aged 18-65 years who had completed 3 days dietary information were selected from 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey. The quality of dietary was evaluated by using DBI-07 method. Results:The overall dietary quality of Jiangsu residents was somewhat imbalance. Insufficient intake and excessive intake were both coexisted in the residents of Jiangsu. Male had a higher level of excessive intake and imbalance than female. The situation of dietary deficiencies and imbalance of rural areas were more severe than those of the city. Group age from 40 to 50 has the highest level of dietary imbalances. Conclusion:For Jiangsu residents,intakes of fruits,milk and beans were insufficient, whereas red meat,edible oil and salt intake were excessive. Major dietary pattern of residents is the Pattern B. Three main target populations for intervention were male

  14. 发挥省级医院感染管理质控中心的作用提高全省医院感染管理水平%Giving play to the role of provincial nosocomial infection management and quality control center, improving nosocomial infection management level of the whole province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜亦虹

    2015-01-01

    江苏省医院感染管理质控中心成立后,开展了一系列质控工作,加强医院感染管理专业人才队伍建设;建章立制,细化医院感染防控工作规范;围绕工作规范开展检查与调研;规范医院感染目标性监测;开展多种形式的专业技术培训,对全省医院感染管理工作起到积极的推进作用。同时,对医院感染管理质控标准、专家团队的组建、组织关系及经费拨付、多学科合作及省际间专业交流、开展医院感染管理科学研究等进行了有益地探讨。%Since its establishment, the Nosocomial Infection Management and Quality Control Center of Jiangsu Province has carried out a series of quality control activities, enhanced the construction of talent team specialized in nosocomial infection management, set up new systems to reifne the work speciifcation for the prevention and control of nosocomial infection, and conducted examination and survey based on the work speciifcation. It has also normalized objective monitoring of nosocomial infection, carried out professional technical training in multiple forms, and played a positive role in promoting the nosocomial infection management of the whole province. Meanwhile, beneifcial discussions have also been made on the standards for nosocomial infection management and quality control, the building, organization relationship, and fund appropriation of expert team, interdisciplinary cooperation, and inter-province professional exchanges, as well as the scientiifc research on nosocomial infection management.

  15. 赣南脐橙叶片营养状况对果实品质的影响%The relationship between leaf nutrients and fruit quality of navel orange in southern Jiangxi province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌丽俐; 彭良志; 淳长品; 江才伦; 曹立

    2012-01-01

    To explore the relationship between leaf nutrients and fruit quality of Newhall navel orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeek), 12 nutrient elements in leaves, the fruit total soluble solid (TSS) content, titratable acid (TA) content and single fruit weight (SFW) of Newhall navel orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeek ) on trifoliate orange [ Poncirus trifoliata ( L. ) ] rootstocks were investigated in 58 orchards in southern Jiangxi province. The results show that the leaf N levels of most orchards exceed the optimum range, while the P and K levels of all orchards are within or above the optimum ranges. About 87.9% , 55.2% and 5.2% orchards are below the optimum Mg, Ca and S ranges, respectively. For microelements, the Mo levels are within the optimum range, and the Fe levels are within or above the optimum range for all orchards. Furthermore, there are several orchards in which both the B and Mn levels are below the optimum ranges, and one third of the orchards in which the leaf Cu levels are below the optimum range. The Zn levels of 96.6% orchards are below the optimum range. With the improvement of the fruit quality, TSS and TA are increased significantly, while SFW is decreased significantly. There is a significantly negative correlation between the fruit TSS and the leaf K level. However, the correlations between the fruit TSS and the leaf Mg and Zn levels are significantly positive, and there aren' t any significant correlations between the fruit SFW and the 12 leaf nutrient elements. For the fruit TA. it shows remarkably positive correlations with the leaf N and Mn levels. For the fertilizer practices of Newhall navel orange in south Jiangxi province, it should be focused on supplements of Mg and Zn, moderately supplements of Ca and Cu, and decreasing in N, P and K applications.%为了探讨赣南产区纽荷尔脐橙果园叶片营养状况与果实品质的相互关系,测定了9个县(市、区)58个脐橙园叶片的矿质营养元素、

  16. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    OpenAIRE

    Yu Hua; Qi Yanbin; Yan Yubao; Cui Pengbo

    2015-01-01

    This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug.) to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result...

  17. Prenatal Care Services in Aydin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdal BESER

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of prenatal care in Aydin province. It was a cross-sectional study. 195 women (pregnant/women at postpartum period living in the Aydin province participated in the study. Cluster and simple random sampling method was used in the selection of women from 10 health centers (one rural-one urban health station each. Data obtained by face to face interview technique. Turkey Demografic Health Survey criteria were used for evaluation of the quantity of prenatal care as “sufficient” or “insufficient” and quality of prenatal care was scored as “1-2”(bad, “3-4”(moderate and “5-6”(good. Chi-square, Mann Whitney-U and t tests were used for analysis. One fifth of each pregnant women who were in last trimester and 11.3% of women in postpartum period stated that they were not followed up by an health personnel during pregnancy. One third of pregnant women who were in last trimester and 58.5% of women in postpartum period said they weren’t visited by an health personnel in the first trimester. Besides, quality points of prenatal care were found low, both in pregnant women and women in post partum period. It was found that living in urban areas, high education level and presence of social security effected getting adequate prenatal care. The quality and quantity of prenatal care was found less than expected in Aydin province which is located in the western region of Turkey. It is necessary that, health personnel must be more sensitive to convey “adequate” prenatal care especially women who are living in rural areas, who have low educational level and who have no social security. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(2: 137-141

  18. Educational Investment in Conflict Areas of Indonesia: The Case of West Papua Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mollet, Julius Ary

    2007-01-01

    Education has become a central issue in West Papua. During the Suharto regime, the Indonesian government paid little attention to educational investment in the province which led to poor educational infrastructure and a shortage of teachers. As a result, the quality of human resources in the province is poor. Since 2001, the adoption of the…

  19. Control de la calidad del diagnóstico coproparasitológico en la provincia de Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba External quality assessment in coproparasitology in Havana City Province, Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidel Angel Núñez

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio sobre la calidad del diagnóstico coproparasitológico en 77 laboratorios de la red de salud pública de la provincia Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba. El procedimiento se basó en la entrega a cada jefe de laboratorio de un modelo de encuesta, y una bolsa de nylon conteniendo 10 viales plásticos con distintos especímenes parasitarios, preservados en formaldehído al 7%. Recogidos los resultados en las primeras 72 horas después de su entrega, se realizó la evaluación mediante una escala de puntuación establecida. La mayoría de los laboratorios aprobaron (70%; sin embargo aún existen centros, sobre todo policlínicas, con calificaciones deficientes. Los municipios con resultados más desfavorables fueron, Lisa, Marianao y Habana del Este, alcanzándose mejores resultados en los hospitales que en las policlínicas. En el análisis de Protozooarios, el mejor diagnosticado fué Giardia lamblia, con solo un centro que erró al identificarlo. Las mayores dificultades se presentaron en Blastocystis hominis con 61% de fallas, Endolimax nana, con 24,6%, y Entamoeba histolytica, con 22%. Entre los helmintos, la mayor aprobación fué en Trichuris trichiura y los errores diagnósticos predominaron con Fasciola hepatica y Taenia sp., ambos con 66,2% de fallas. Dados los resultados obtenidos, hemos organizado una intervención educativa en la red de laboratorios de la provincia.An external quality assessment in coproparasitology was carried out in 77 laboratories from Havana City. A questionnaire and ten plastic vials with different intestinal parasites in a small nylon bag, duly sealed, were sent to each laboratory. Answers were collected during the 72 hours after delivery. Results were analyzed by means of a computer program. The majority of the laboratories (70% passed the test; the municipalities with the worst scores in the province were Lisa, Marianao, and Habana del Este. Better results were obtained among technologists working

  20. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Hua

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug. to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result to find out the relevant factors that affect the international honey export competitiveness and proposes the relevant countermeasures to improve the international competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province.

  1. Research on the General ---Taking Quality of Administrative Law A Province Tax Departments into%税务系统行政执法类公务员通用素质研究——以A省国税系统为调查对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵子建

    2012-01-01

    行政执法类公务员是税务系统公务员队伍的主体。本文根据对A省国税系统行政执法类公务员的调查,提炼出了税务系统行政执法类公务员的通用素质要项,并建立了包含政治素养、业务能力、管理水平、服务意识和自我概念等八个素质模块共二十五个素质要项的通用素质标准。这一素质标准不仅反映了税务系统行政执法类公务员任职的基本要求,同时也说明了提升税务系统行政执法类公务员素质所必须加强的若干方面。%The quality of administrative law enforcement class official is the important guarantee of government performance. According to investigation to A province tax departments, this article studies on the general quality of administrative law enforcement class official. This article includes three important parts, the refining of quality, the arrangement of quality and the establishment of quality standard. This study will provide reference for the training, promotion, and evaluation of the administrative law enforcement class officials. The western developed countries generally pay attention to the quality of civil servants study. They have formed a social system and national condition characteristic concept, idea, thinking logic and argument structure. On the basis of this, the western developed countries established the civil service quality standard framework. These research results for our civil service quality studies provide important reference. At present, our country civil servant's quality construction and research still have many problems, for example, we have realized the main path of the civil service quality construction, but the general environmental factors which affect the quality construction of civil servants, such as political, administrative, organizational context and other aspects of the research is not deep enough. We also did not take into account the particularity of different categories of

  2. Alberta Unites on Teaching Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crow, Tracy

    2010-01-01

    Education policy in the province of Alberta is set by Alberta Education, a ministry led by the province's minister of education. There are two key policies or ministerial orders that guide professional learning in Alberta. The Teaching Quality Standard outlines the knowledge, skills, and attributes that teachers are expected to possess. The…

  3. Analysis on Profit Quality of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises: A Case Study of YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Ling JIANG; Luo, Huawei

    2013-01-01

    For a long time, under the influence of system and environment and other factors, some small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises in China only seek growth of profit in quantity, but neglect the growth of profit in quality, leading to low profit quality. This study reasonably defines the concept of profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, and expounds general characteristics of high quality profit. On the basis of general factors influencing profit quality of en...

  4. Variance Analysis and Integrated Evaluation on Sensory Quality of Flue-cured Tobacco in Tobacco planting Areas of Liaoning Province%辽宁烟区烤烟感官质量的差异分析和综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦敬华; 陈晓波

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to analyze the difference on the sensory quality of flue-cured tobacco in different tobacco planting areas of Liaoning Province. [ Method] With 9 tobacco planting counties as the objects, 86 samples of upper, middle and lower tobacco leaves were collected to make the variance analysis and comprehensive evaluation on the sensory quality of flue-cured tobacco in tobacco-planting areas of Liaoning Province. [ Result] Among the various tobacco planting areas, the comprehensive sensory quality score of upper leaves in Beipi-ao County was the highest, while that in Kaiyuan and Fengcheng counties were relatively lower. The total sensory assessment and comprehensive evaluation score of middle leaves in Beipiao and Kuandian counties were better and the total sensory assessment and usability and comprehensive evaluation score of lower leaves in Xifeng, Changtu, Beipiao and Jianping counties were better. Smoking quality comprehensive evaluation scores of middle leaves showed a same trend among different tobacco planting areas in 2007, 2008 and 2009 and had a increasing trend annually. The average smoking quality scores of middle leaves in all around the province had a little increase with the year. [ Conclusion] On the total, in different tobacco planting areas of Liaoning Province, the sensory quality of the flue-cured tobacco produced in Beipiao County was better and that in Fengcheng County was poor. The smoking quality of middle leaves showed a trend of increasing year by year.%[目的]分析辽宁各烟区烤烟感官质量的差异,为当地烟草生产提供理论依据.[方法]以辽宁省9个植烟县为对象,采集了烟株上、中、下部叶烟叶样品共86个,对辽宁烟区烤烟感官质量进行差异分析和综合评价.[结果]辽宁各烟区烤烟上部叶感官质量综合评价得分以北票最高,开原和凤城的综合评价得分均较低;中部叶以北票和宽甸总体感官评定和综合评价得分表现较好

  5. Analysis on quality of surveillance for public health emergency in Fujian province, 2004-2007%2004-2007年福建省突发公共卫生事件监测质量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪荣涛; 张莹珍; 陈彩粼; 蔡少健; 欧剑鸣; 陈武; 向建军; 严延生; 许龙善

    2009-01-01

    目的 评估与改进突发公共卫生事件监测系统质量.方法 利用网络直报系统案例库,根据定义质量指标描述与推断分析福建省突发公共卫生事件监测报告质量.结果 2004-2007年,福建省共监测报告突发事件554起,苗头事件占45.13%,年度问苗头事件构成比旱线性下降趋势(X2CMHI=45.2825,P<0.0001);监测敏感值平均为96.0 h,年平均增长速度为35.9%.报告时效值平均为15.7 h,2 h内报告的事件仅占8.3%.控制时效值平均为6.0 d,年平均递降52.22%;结案报告率平均为54.30%,年平均提高66.60%.结案时间、首次报告事件发生时间、首次接到报告时间、末例患者发病时间等数据项缺失率分别为55.96%、53.25%、53.25%和8.66%.结论 近年来各地都能较好地确立与实行在突发事件管理中对突发苗头事件的监测报告与控制管理,但报告及时率与结案报告率低下,有关时间的数据项缺失率大或逻辑不符,中小学校监测敏感值明显滞后是突发事件高发的重要因素之一.%Objective To evaluate the quality of the surveillance for public health emergency. Methods According to the definite quality indicators, the data of public health emergency reporting from the Internet-based direct reporting system were analyzed. Results From 2004 to 2007, 554 public health emergencies were reported in Fujian province, 45.13% of them were potential events. The annual proportion of potential events decreased in a linear way (X2CMHI=45.2825, P <0.0001 ). The average sensitive value of surveillance was 96.0 h with an average annual increase rate of 35.9%. The average delay time for reporting was 15.7 h; only 8.3% of the events were reported within 2 hours. The average time for controlling the events was 6. 0 d with an annual decrease rate of 52. 22%. The average percentage of events with final report was 54.30%, with an average annual increase rate of 66.60%. The time for final report was missed for 55.96% of

  6. Research on the General ---Taking Quality of Administrative Law A Province Tax Departments into%税务系统行政执法类公务员通用素质研究——以A省国税系统为调查对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵子建

    2012-01-01

    行政执法类公务员是税务系统公务员队伍的主体。本文根据对A省国税系统行政执法类公务员的调查,提炼出了税务系统行政执法类公务员的通用素质要项,并建立了包含政治素养、业务能力、管理水平、服务意识和自我概念等八个素质模块共二十五个素质要项的通用素质标准。这一素质标准不仅反映了税务系统行政执法类公务员任职的基本要求,同时也说明了提升税务系统行政执法类公务员素质所必须加强的若干方面。%The quality of administrative law enforcement class official is the important guarantee of government performance. According to investigation to A province tax departments, this article studies on the general quality of administrative law enforcement class official. This article includes three important parts, the refining of quality, the arrangement of quality and the establishment of quality standard. This study will provide reference for the training, promotion, and evaluation of the administrative law enforcement class officials. The western developed countries generally pay attention to the quality of civil servants study. They have formed a social system and national condition characteristic concept, idea, thinking logic and argument structure. On the basis of this, the western developed countries established the civil service quality standard framework. These research results for our civil service quality studies provide important reference. At present, our country civil servant's quality construction and research still have many problems, for example, we have realized the main path of the civil service quality construction, but the general environmental factors which affect the quality construction of civil servants, such as political, administrative, organizational context and other aspects of the research is not deep enough. We also did not take into account the particularity of different categories of

  7. Analysis relationship between the organizational readiness for deployment of knowledge management with organizational performance by European Foundation for Quality Management Approach (Case study: The Power Distribution Company of Yazd province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Redaei

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is regarding the organizational readiness for deployment of knowledge management with organizational performance in The Power Distribution Company of Yazd province. So in this research is used the EFQM approach to verify this objective. Thus is used the enabling dimensions of this model for assess organizational readiness for knowledge management and the results dimensions of this model for provide indicators of organizational performance. StatisticalSociety of this study is the operationstaff of The Power Distribution Company of Yazd province in year 2011 that table standardMorganwas usedforcalculating thenumberofSample. For collect information is used of the questionnaire.Also is usedof the factor analysis for the validity analysis ofquestionnaire, toexaminethe relationship betweeneach of thedimensions ofknowledge managementandorganizational performanceof thePearson correlation coefficient, toinvestigate the potential ofeach of thedimensions ofknowledge managementonthe organizationalperformance predictionof the Stepwiseregressionmethod.The overall results of this study were to demonstrate that all aspects of the organization's readiness for deployment of knowledge management are significant and positive relationship with organizational performance.

  8. Medicinal plants of Kermanshah province

    OpenAIRE

    Mostafa Nemati Paykani; Nastaran Jalilian

    2012-01-01

    In order to collect and determine medicinal plants of Kermanshah province, at first a list of medicinal plants and their localities was prepared based on the floristic list of the Kermanshah province mentioned as medicinal plants in the related references. Then, stands of the mentioned medicinal plants were referred according to the topographic maps and the extracted localities and after collecting medicinal plant specimens, herbarium specimens were prepared based on the traditional taxonomic...

  9. Overview of Land Consolidation in Anhui Province and Recommendations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; WANG; Zhongxiang; YU

    2015-01-01

    The land consolidation projects in Anhui Province have brought huge economic and social benefits and made active contribution to increasing integrated grain productivity,stabilizing farmland area,increasing farmers’ income,accelerating new socialist countryside construction,and promoting integrated urban and rural development. With more than ten years of exploration and attempt,land consolidation,reclamation and development of Anhui Province has established relatively complete policy,technical and business type regulations. However,there are still some weak links and problems,leading to slow project progress,and quality up to standard,fund management not standardized,and the masses not satisfactory for few projects. It summarized experience and achievements of rural land consolidation in Anhui Province and elaborated major existing problems in management of project implementation. Finally,it came up with pertinent recommendations for project implementation in rural land consolidation.

  10. Entrepreneur achievement. Liaoning province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, R

    1994-03-01

    This paper reports the successful entrepreneurial endeavors of members of a 20-person women's group in Liaoning Province, China. Jing Yuhong, a member of the Family Planning Association at Shileizi Village, Dalian City, provided the basis for their achievements by first building an entertainment/study room in her home to encourage married women to learn family planning. Once stocked with books, magazines, pamphlets, and other materials on family planning and agricultural technology, dozens of married women in the neighborhood flocked voluntarily to the room. Yuhong also set out to give these women a way to earn their own income as a means of helping then gain greater equality with their husbands and exert greater control over their personal reproductive and social lives. She gave a section of her farming land to the women's group, loaned approximately US$5200 to group members to help them generate income from small business initiatives, built a livestock shed in her garden for the group to raise marmots, and erected an awning behind her house under which mushrooms could be grown. The investment yielded $12,000 in the first year, allowing each woman to keep more than $520 in dividends. Members then soon began going to fairs in the capital and other places to learn about the outside world, and have successfully ventured out on their own to generate individual incomes. Ten out of twenty women engaged in these income-generating activities asked for and got the one-child certificate. PMID:12287775

  11. Relationship between Index of Zooplankton Amount in Lake (Reservoir) and Evaluation Standards for Water Quality ---Taking Five Lakes (Reservoirs) in Hunan Province as Example%湖(库)浮游动物数量指标与水质评价标准关系研究--以湖南省5个湖(库)为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟振宇; 陈灿; 宋伟龙; 成应向

    2013-01-01

    It surveyed the constitute of zooplankton community, the zooplankton amount and the zooplankton dominant species in different representative water qualities and functions lakes (reservoirs) in Hunan province, then using chemical evaluation index Pb/n, Shannon-Wiener diversity index and Simpson dominance index to evaluate the pollution degree of surveyed water body. The evaluation results showed that the results of water quality pollution degree evaluated by zooplankton diversity index method was accordant with that evaluated by conventional chemical comprehensive pollution index method; using zooplankton amount to evaluate water quality pollution degree had relatively better reliability, and it also can indirectly reflect water quality pollution degree. Then, the zooplankton amount and dominant species and the limit value for water quality pollution degree in lake (reservoir) in Hunan Province were determined.%对湖南省内不同水质功能代表性湖(库)的浮游动物群落组成,浮游动物数量以及优势种进行了调查研究;采用化学评价指数Pb/n、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数、Simpson优势度指数分别对目标水体的污染程度进行了评价。评价结果显示:利用浮游动物多样性指数评价湖(库)水质污染程度与常规的化学综合污染指数评价结果基本吻合;利用浮游动物数量评价水质污染程度具有较高的可信度亦能间接反映水质污染程度;在此基础上,界定了湖南省湖库浮游动物数量及优势种与水质污染程度的限值。

  12. Analysis the songhua river water quality index entry section of the content change in heilongjiang province%浅析黑龙江省松花江入境水质指标的变化规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡静; 白金生; 王丽娜

    2012-01-01

    The songhua fiver in heilongjiang province entry section (zhaoyuan section) choose within monito- ring stations. We dynamic monitoring water in chemical oxygen demand (cod) , the total phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen and fecal coliform bacteria number in different months. Results show that different period of river chemical oxygen demand (cod) , the total, phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen and fecal coliform bacteria quantity change trend is different. In the summer chemical oxygen demand (cod) and total p high concentration. The concentrations of ammonia nitrogen in January is the highest. Fecal coliform bacteria number in August is the largest.%在黑龙江省松花江入境断面(肇源断面)内选择监测.量,对不同月份的水体中化学需氧量、总磷、氨氮和粪大肠菌群数量的动态监测。结果表明,不同时期河流中的化学需氧量、总磷、氨氮和粪大肠菌群数量变化趋势不同,在夏季时化学需氧量和总磷的浓度较高,而氨氮的浓度在1月份较高,粪大肠菌群数量在8月份最大。

  13. Study on High Yield,High Quality and High Efficient Cultivation Model of Oil Flax in Saline Soil in Heilongjiang Province%黑龙江省盐渍化土壤油用亚麻高产、优质、高效栽培技术模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘冬梅; 魏国江; 刘淑霞; 李振伟; 马志军

    2011-01-01

    The text of "study on high yield, high quality and high efficient cultivation model of oil flax in saline soil" was researched in Starfire pasture in Qaqing of Heilongjiang Province in order to develop farm production of oil flax in saline soil, excavate the maximal potentiality of oil flax, increase the yield quality in unit area and improve the income of industry and agriculture.Impact of different model on yield,quality and economic characters of oil flax in saline soil was studied.High yield,high quality and high efficient cultivation model in saline soil was established..%为了在盐渍化土壤地区发展油用亚麻种植业,最大限度的挖掘油用亚麻的增产潜力,提高油用亚麻单位面积的产量和质量,增加工、农业收入,在黑龙江省大庆市星火牧场开展了"盐渍化土壤油用亚麻高产、优质、高效栽培技术模式研究"的田间试验.探讨不同栽培模式对盐渍化土壤地区油用亚麻产量、质量和经济性状的影响,建立了盐渍化土壤地区亚麻高产、优质、高效栽培技术模式.

  14. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.

  15. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.……

  16. Fjve Ways to Revive Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Construction of development zones along the Liaoning Province coastline could be the next big attraction for multinational investors Though the infrastructure is still under construction, Li Wancai, Vice Governor of Liaoning Province, is highly confident about the future of

  17. Attitude, motivation, and consumption of seafood in Bacninh province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Thom, Nguyen Tien

    2007-01-01

    This study applies the theory planed behavior (TPB - Ajzen, 1991) to investigate the general antecedents of seafood consumption in Bacninh province of Vietnam. The results show that customers in the area consume seafood at a low frequency although they have high motivation and positive attitude toward fish consumption. A further investigation reveals that quality, negative effects, and suitability have significant impact on attitude, while availability, suitability, and value are main determi...

  18. Consumption Status of Rural Residents in Shanxi Province

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Min; Fang, Yafeng; Feng, Xu-fang

    2010-01-01

    After the analysis on the consumption changes of rural residents in Shanxi Province during the 30 years since the reform and opening up, it indicates that, their consumption scale has been expanding, the consumption level have been greatly promoted, the consumption structure has been gradually becoming reasonable and the consumption quality have been obviously improved. An analysis is also conducted on the influencing factors constraining the consumption demand of rural residents, mainly incl...

  19. Microbial characteristics of food preparations in Benevento province

    OpenAIRE

    Vittoria Ricci; Letizia Petrella; Marika Mercurio; Francesca Barone

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the microbiological quality of pastry products and gastronomic preparations served in food service establishments in Benevento province, Southern Italy. A total of 125 samples were collected from food service establishments. Parameters investigated were: aerobic plate counts (APCs), total Coliform bacteria counts, beta-glucuronidase-positive Escherichia (E.) coli counts, Enterobacteriaceae counts, coagulase-positive Staphylococci counts, isol...

  20. Current Situation of Farmers' Specialized Cooperatives in Hainan Province and Development Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    ZHANG, Wanzhen; Huang, Huide

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the distribution, membership structure and industrial structure of farmers' specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out some problems in farmers' specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, such as small scale, low ability to resist risks, lack of standardization in operation, and generally low quality of cooperative members. Finally the following development strategies are put forth: promoting the large scale and standardized development of farmers' spe...

  1. Marketing and Aquaculture Sector in Antalya Province

    OpenAIRE

    Gümüş*(2), Erkan; YILMAZ, Serpil

    2011-01-01

    In Turkey, the aquaculture sector that is rapid progress has also become an important sector for Antalya province as in other provinces in recent years. Antalya Province have an important potential both marine and inland water for aquaculture. However, it is not possible to talk about this potential can be used effectively because of an important tourist resort of Antalya Province. Nevertheless, a total of 5482 tons / year capacity has been operating 86 license...

  2. Research on Population Prediction of Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuang; YU; Guang; LI

    2013-01-01

    In accordance with population development of Guizhou Province in 1977-2007,this paper adopts natural growth method,model prediction method and gray system GM (1,1) model prediction method to predict population of Guizhou Province in 2020. On the basis of overall consideration of many factors of population development and future development trend of Guizhou Province,it analyzes advantages and disadvantages of three prediction methods,and obtains the prediction value of total population of Guizhou Province in 2020.

  3. Using the revised Chinese diet balance index Quality of Diet to evaluate the quality of diet among rural residents in Hanzhong,Shaanxi province and relative influencing factors%利用修订膳食平衡指数评价陕西省汉中农村地区居民膳食质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘如如; 赵亚玲; 颜虹; 党少农; 庞松涛; 王欣; 王飞

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the quality of diet among rural residents in Hanzhong, Shaanxi province and to investigate the relative factors. Methods A cross-sectional survey on dietary status together with a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire were conducted among rural residents aged between 18 and 80 in Hanzhong of Shaanxi,in 2010. Quality of diet was evaluated by using DBI-07 scoring and evaluating system. Linear regression models were developed to identify factors related to under or over intakes. Results 2 241 rural residents were under study. 65%of the residents’daily intake of grains,oil and salt exceeded the RNI while animal food,diary food,eggs, vegetables and fruits were under,to some extent. The average values of DBI_LBS and DBI_HBS were 24.83 and 5.70. The proportions of moderate under-intake (25≤DBI_LBS≤36) and moderate over-intake(14≤DBI_HBS≤19)were 33.4%and 51.0%. Factors as family number,education level, fortune index,physical activity,higher labor intensity seemed to be protective for dietary under intake (P15 cigarettes per day)were risk factors for over-intake of diet(P<0.05). Factors as larger family size and having had education above the levels senior school were significantly and negatively associated with the over-intake of diet (P<0.05). Conclusion The main diet problem among the rural residents was related to under-intaken but over-intake did exist to some extents. Our study results called for specific intervention in improving the quality of diet among the residents in Hanzhong.%目的:采用修订中国膳食平衡指数(DBI-07)评价陕西省汉中地区农村居民膳食质量,并探讨其影响因素。方法2010年采用半定量食物频率问卷对汉中地区18~80岁农村居民膳食进行横断面调查。采用DBI-07相关指标评价膳食质量;应用多因素线性回归方法,分析影响摄入不足和摄入过量的影响因素。结果共调查2241人,其中65%以上被调查村民的谷

  4. The Function of Quality Analysis of High School Academic Proficiency Examination and Improvement of High School Examination Evaluation System Construction in our Province%发挥高中学考质量分析的功能探索完善我省高中考试评价体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房培祥

    2015-01-01

    According to Ordinary High School Proficiency Test Implementation Opinion issued by the Ministry of Education,aca-demic proficiency examination is organized and implemented by the provincial education administrative departments,mainly measures how well students reach the learning requirements prescribed by the state,and is an important system of guaranteeing the education and teaching quality. Therefore,we should attach importance to quality analysis and research of high school academic proficiency examina-tion( hereinafter referred to as the“high school examination”),grasp the guiding role of quality analysis and evaluation,reform the e-valuation standards,enrich the connotation of the evaluation,and make serious research on exam evaluation mechanism corresponding to the actual situation of our province.%《教育部关于普通高中学业水平考试的实施意见》文件规定,学业水平考试是由省级教育行政部门组织实施的考试,主要衡量学生达到国家规定学习要求的程度,是保障教育教学质量的一项重要制度。为此我们应做好高中学业水平考试(以下简称“高中学考”)质量分析研究,把握好质量分析评价的导向作用,改革考试评价的标准,丰富考试评价的内涵,认真探究符合我省高中学考实际的考试评价机制。

  5. Comparison on the Quality of Life between Urban and Rural Children---Cited Rong County of Sichuan Province%城乡儿童生活质量比较--以四川荣县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏; 吴明娟; 胡又宁; 冉值祯; 周家宇; 张春; 袁洪燕; 蒋炜; 杨柯宇; 张啸龙

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To compare the quality of life between urban and rural children in Rong , Zigong, Sichuan and to have a basic understanding on the quality of life in Rong County, providing basis for the improvement of the life quality.Methods:To put forward questionnaires---a the cross-section study, in accordance with Children and Adolescents’ QOL Scale(QLSCA) by Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2002, in Xuyang Town and Wangjia Town.Results: The differences of the life quality scores have no statistical significance between urban and rural children in Rong County(P>0.05), yet the differences among the life convenience, opportunities and life environment have(P0.05).Conclusion:The urban and rural children of Rong County has no difference in the total life quality---more differences in the aspect of life environment and no significant difference in the physical and mental.%目的:比较四川省自贡市荣县儿童生活质量的城乡差异,初步了解荣县儿童的生活质量,为改善其生活质量提供依据。方法采用横断面研究,选取荣县旭阳镇及望佳镇为调查地点,利用华中科技大学同济医学院于2002年编制的《儿童少年生活质量量表》做问卷调查。结果荣县城镇与农村的儿童生活质量得分在总分上的差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),其次在生活便利性和活动机会性等维度和生活环境方面上得分的差异有统计学意义(P0.05)。结论荣县城镇与农村的儿童在总生活质量上没有差异,主要是在生活环境方面差异较大,而在生理心理上基本无差异。

  6. Non-linear relationship between chemical compositions and smoking quality in flue-cured tobacco in Hunan province%湖南烤烟主要化学成分与评吸质量的非线性关系解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李广才; 余玉梅; 胡建军; 周冀衡

    2012-01-01

    Relationship between chemical compositions / index and smoking quality were analyzed by applying generalized additive models using 375 samples including B2F, C3F and X2F grades of flue -cured tobacco in Hunan province Results showed that: (1) the majority others presented "(U) " or " U " shaped relationships except that a few chemical components / index showed strongly linear correlation with smoking quality,; (2 ) the appropriate value of the key factors which represented qualities of flue - cured tobacco in Hunan province, such as sugar to nicotine ratio, nicotine, total nitrogen, total sugar, reducing sugar, nitrogen to nicotine ratio, and organic potassium, were about 9% , 3% , 2. 2% , 25% , 22% , 0.8% , 1.2% , respectively; (3 ) among the nine indexes of smoking quality, chemical compositions / index made the significant impact on concentration of aroma and irritancy, while less impact on smoke aftertaste; and (4) compared three potassium indexes, the representational abilities to smoking quality is in the following order; organic potassium > potassium to sulfur ratio > potassium to chlorine ratio.%以湖南烤烟B2F、C3F和X2F等级375个样本为研究对象,运用广义可加模型较为系统地研究了烤烟主要化学成分/指标与评吸质量间的线性与非线性关系.结果表明:除部分主要化学成分/指标与烤烟评吸质量呈现较强的线性关系外,在一定含量范围内,多数主要化学成分/指标与评吸质量呈现“∩”或“∪”形抛物线关系;表征湖南烤烟评吸质量的关键化学成分/指标有糖碱比、烟碱、总氮、总糖、还原糖、氮碱比和有机钾,其适宜值分别为9、3%、2.2%、25%、22%、0.8和1.2%左右;烤烟主要化学成分/指标对香气量和刺激性的影响最大,对余味的影响最小;在钾氯比、有机钾和钾硫比这3项化学指标中,有机钾对烤烟评吸质量的总体表征效果最好,其次是钾硫比,钾氯比的总体表征

  7. The effect of wetlands on the quality of water resources in the Terra Cha district of the province Lugo, Spain; Efecto de los humedales sobre la calidad de los recursos hidricos de la comarca lucense de Terra Cha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vidal Bardan, M.; Lopez Fabal, A.; Melgar Rid, J. [Escuela Politecnica Superior de Lugo, Lugo (Spain)

    1996-04-01

    The area of Terra Cha (Lugo, Spain) is famous for having soils that present high contents of organic material. In such soils are frequent umbric epipedon. As a consequence of these horizons is an alteration of quality of hydric groundwater resources. This kind of natural pollution is present under aquatic humus form and therefore they are the responsable of the yellow coulors in mentioned water. The total content of organic material and humic acids and total content of humina in the dry remanet have been characterized. (Author) 10 refs.

  8. 江苏如东滩涂文蛤产地环境质量评价%Environmental Quality Evaluation on the Mud-flat Meretrix meretrix Aquaculture Area in Rudong of Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈新强; 袁骐; 王云龙; 蒋玫

    2012-01-01

    滩涂贝类最易受污染,养殖环境中积累的污染物往往沿食物链转移富集到滩涂贝类中,从而对贝类质量和人体健康构成潜在生态危险.根据对江苏如东滩涂文蛤养殖产地水体、沉积物和文蛤生物体中主要污染物为时1周年的4次同步监测数据,应用基于数理统计的超标概率法和内梅罗综合指数法,分析和评价滩涂文蛤产地环境质量状况及超标污染物,为产地环境的管理提供技术支持.单因子评价结果表明,该养殖产地水体中的超标污染物为石油烃,沉积物中的超标污染物依次为铬、汞、镉、砷和铜,文蛤体内的超标污染物依次为铬、铅、石油烃、镉和大肠菌群.综合评价结果表明,该养殖产地4季平均的水体、沉积物和贝类质量等级分别处于清洁、清洁和轻污染水平,其中沉积物质量冬、春季均处于轻污染等级,贝类生物体质量春季处于中污染等级.相关分析表明,水体中石油烃,沉积物中镉、铬含量的超标直接影响文蛤的产品质量,产地环境中的铅、大肠菌群、汞、铜、砷是影响该养殖产地文蛤产品质量的潜在污染物.从保证文蛤产品质量出发,应重点关注该产地环境中铬、铅、石油烃、镉和大肠菌群的污染.%The mud-flat shellfish was easily contaminated by pollutants that accumulating in the aquaculture environment. Pollutants do harm to the shellfish quality and human health by accumulating and transferring along the food chain and cause potentially ecological risk. The environment quality of aquaculture area of Meretrix meretrix in Rudong mud-flat was assessed with four survey data throughout the year in order to provide technical for the environmental management of aquaculture area. Samples of water, sediment and Meretrix meretrix were collected and were used to analyze the concentration of hydrocarbon, heavy metals and colon bacillus. These data were assessed with exceeding

  9. Neotectonics in the maritime provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seismic risk assessment in the Maritime Provinces requires input from not just historical, but also geological sources. A detailed search through published and unpublished geological literature reveals many examples - some probable, some possible -of neotectonic movement in the area. Examples range in tectonic significance from those that reflect exaggerated local imbalance to those that signify deep-seated stress. Evidence for neotectonism in the Maritimes is multidisciplined. It includes deformation in bedrock and quaternary deposits, and regional warping. Recent movement also is indicated by changes in relative sea level, in situ stress fields and geodetic fluctuations. Finally, and most unequivocally, neotectonism in the Maritime Provinces is manifested as the seismic events that have sporadically affected the area throughout its recent geological history, and continue up to the present day. 288 refs

  10. Characteristics of Ore Quality of Zirconium Ilmenite Deposit in Eastern Coastal Area of Mozambique——Setting 5004 C Mining Area in Zambezia Province as an Example%莫桑比克东部沿海锆钛砂矿矿石质量特征 ——以赞比西亚省5004C矿区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟令华; 崔庆岗; 孔德金; 杜小亮

    2015-01-01

    Marginal marine placer is one of the mineral resources with the most largest potentiality in the world. It is only next to oil and gas. The marginal marine placer are rich in eastern coastal areas in Mozambique, and occu-pies an important position in the world. In this paper, combining with zirconium ilmenite deposit in 5004C mining area of Zambezia province in Mozambique, characteristics of ore quality, such as ore structures, ore compositions, contents and changes have been analyzed. It wll provide favorable information for the exploration and development of zirconium ilmenite deposit in eastern coastal areas of Mozambique.%滨海砂矿是目前全球最大的潜在海洋矿产资源之一,仅次于石油与天然气. 莫桑比克东部沿海滨海砂矿资源丰富,在世界上占有重要地位. 该文结合莫桑比克赞比西亚省5004C矿区锆钛砂矿,分析矿石结构与构造、矿石物质组成、矿物含量及变化等矿石质量特征,为莫桑比克东部沿海锆钛砂矿的勘探和开发提供有利信息.

  11. 开阔海域围填海规划的水质影响评价方法——以福建省湾外围填海为例%Water-quality impact assessment on open-sea reclamation planning——A case study of Fujian Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张一帆; 方秦华; 张珞平; 黄晨龙

    2012-01-01

    基于开阔海域围填海的特殊性,已有的水质影响评价定量方法较难直接应用.本文通过水动力因子分析确定污染物扩散条件,根据水质现状、围填面积和规划利用方式确定水质压力.基于上述污染物扩教条件和水质压力参数,以水质影响程度等级作为评价结果,设计了半定量评价矩阵对福建省湾外围填海规划的10个围填区进行了水质影响评价.评价结果表明:其中有1个围填区水质影响程度较大,其余围填区水质影响程度均在中等以下.此外,水质影响程度评价结果可同时为湾外围填海规划决策者提供相应的决策依据.案例应用表明:该半定量方法可以推广应用于决策型的、影响机制复杂、不确定性较强的人类活动的水质影响评价.%The marine reclamation is one of the major kinds of coastal projects, which may cause the negative impacts on water quality. Due to the particularity of reclamation in open-sea, the existing quantitative methods of water-quality impact assessment are inapplicable. In this study, an assessing matrii based on the pollutant diffusion condition and water quality pressure was developed to predict the water-quality impacts of 10 reclamation blocks in the planning of reclamation outside bays in Fujian Province. In which, the diffusing condition of pollutants is determined by the hydrodynamic analysis, and the pressure on water quality is determined by the analyzing current water quality, reclamation areas and their functions. The application of this semi-quantitative matrix, the results showed that the water quality impact of one reclamation area is comparative high, while others have lower impacts. These results of different impact degrees of water quality provided a supporting tool for the environmental management decision-making. The successful application in the case study also reveals that the semi-quantitative water-quality impact assessment methodology can be

  12. The Investigation of Parents Factors Influenced on the Partial Physical Quality Qualified Rate of Preschool Children from Three to Six Years Old in Hubei Province%影响3-6岁幼儿部分身体素质合格率的父母因素的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽红; 杜忠林; 钱骏; 黄茜; 刘智

    2014-01-01

    选取2010年湖北省国民体质监测走、跑、跳身体素质指标并联系问卷中的父母因素项,统计分析各因素项中身体素质合格率的差异,探讨影响幼儿部分身体素质合格率的父母因素,以便为采取有效措施促进幼儿体质发展提供依据。结果显示,父母受教育程度为大专及以上、职业为脑力劳动类型的幼儿10m折返跑、立定跳远的合格率高,而走平衡木的合格率则以父母受教育程度为初中及以下及其他类型的劳动者高。父母参加每周1次以上体育锻炼的幼儿,以上这些身体素质的合格率都较不参加体育锻炼的父母的幼儿高。结论认为,鼓励幼儿父母参加体育锻炼、提高其体育锻炼及社会文化认知也是不可忽略的促进幼儿体质的干预手段之一。%Using the statistic method to analyze the differences between the data of partial physical quality rate of preschool children in different questionnaire items about the parents in 2010 year physical fitness surveillance in Hubei Province to investigate the parents factors influenced on the partial physical quality qualified rate of preschool children from three to six year old in Hubei Province, as to provide the truth to take the efficient measures to improve the physical fitness. Results: The preschool children whose parents are in the high level of education or mental workers are in the high physical quality qualified rate in standing long jump and 10m reentry run, but the qualified rates in walking the balance beam of preschool children whose parents are in the high level of education or other type workers are higher. The preschool children whose parents'frequency of physical exercise in a week is above one are in the higher physical quality qualified rate than below. Conclusion: Encouraging the parents to participate in physical exercise, as well as improving the cognition of their physical exercise and social cultural, that maybe

  13. The Influence of Rain Shelter Greenhouse Cultivation on Grape Quality in Coastal Areas of Jiangsu Province%江苏省沿海地区避雨棚栽培对葡萄品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军; 王健; 谷纬; 朱芙蓉

    2012-01-01

    以维多利亚、白罗莎里奥、魏可为研究对象,研究避雨栽培对葡萄品质的影响。以露地栽培为对照,测定葡萄的粒重、横纵径、可溶性固形物含量、含糖量、维生素含量等指标。结果表明:避雨栽培条件下葡萄的粒重、横纵径显著优于露地栽培,避雨栽培条件下3个葡萄品种的含糖量略低于露地栽培;避雨栽培条件下葡萄的可溶性固形物含量和维生素含量显著高于露地栽培。避雨棚栽培可提高葡萄的品质。%The effects of rain shelter greenhouse cultivation on grape quality were researched with Rosario Bianco,Wink and Victoria.The indexes of grape grain weight,vertical and horizontal diameter,total soluble solids content,soluble sugar content and vitamin content were tested in two different conditions of rain cultivation and open cultivation.The results showed that the indexes of grain weight,vertical and horizontal diameter,total soluble solids content and vitamin content in rain shelter greenhouse cultivation were higher than those indexes in open cultivation.The soluble sugar content in rain shelter greenhouse cultivation was slightly lower than the index in open cultivation.The rain cultivation shelter greenhouse could improve the quality of grape.

  14. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ziyun; PENG; Dantong; LI; Rui; CHEN; Min; QIAN; Yiqi; CHEN; Hongjun; YANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant,it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then,it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate,location and price advantages,but due to lack of product standard,it is difficult to guarantee quality,and there are certain market risks. Finally,it put forward recommendations for development of aromatherapy industry:( 1) taking full advantage of preferential policies to set up leading enterprises and realize radiated development;( 2) bringing into play of resource advantages and introducing capitals and technologies;( 3) Fostering market and driving the industrial development.

  15. Investigation of Characteristics for Yield and Quality of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val.from Sichuan Province%川产莪术植株产量与品质特性的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘愿; 程方叙; 张兴国; 张川钱

    2011-01-01

    [目的]调查川产莪术植株各部位生物学产量,初步研究其资源品质特性,为茎叶资源的开发利用提供科学依据.[方法]在主产区随机采集川产莪术代表性植株,以植株不同部位为试验研究材料,应用《中华人民共和国药典》及文献中的品质检测方法,调研川产莪术植株产量并检测品质特性.[结果]植株每窝二母姜(莪术)干品平均产量为224.44g,其中茎叶光合产物、脂溶性组分、蛋白质积累量分别占植株资源总量的40.61%、42.05%、38.06%,以叶片的脂溶性组分含量(2.897%)最高;川产莪术植株的灰分含量均符合《中华人民共和国药典》(2010版,二部)莪术、郁金要求.[结论]川产莪术植株茎叶为可利用的优良资源,建议在主产区川产莪术植株枯萎前采收,对茎叶加以回收利用,以提高川产莪术植株的产油率或用作饲料.%[Objective]To study the yield of different parts of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. From Sichuan and make preliminary study on different resource quality characteristics so as to provide scientific basis for the development and utilization of the stems and leaves resources. [ Methods]To investigate the yield of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. From Sichuan and detect quality characteristics with quality identification methods recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia and some literature, different parts of the representative plants picked rando mly from the main production area Sichuan were regarded as experimental materials. [ Result]The average yield of dried goods is 224.44 g,among which photosynthates in stems and leaves, fat-soluble ingredients,protein yields account for 40.61% ,42.05% and 38.06% of the total resource,respectively. The content of fat-soluble ingredients in leaves was the highest at 2.897%. The ash content was all fulfilled the requirements on RADIX CURCUMAE of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010 Edition II). [ Conclusion ] Stems and leaves of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. From

  16. 吉林省几个主要产区人参药材品质评价%Ginseng Herbs Quality Evaluation of Several Major Production Areas in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林红梅; 王晓郁; 杨莉; 王悦; 韩梅

    2013-01-01

    With total saponin,glycol or triol type saponins and eight kinds of monomer ginsenoside con-tent as indexes,the quality of different years of ginseng samples in different production areas was evaluat-ed,and the difference was analyzed.A HPLC method for determining Rg1,Re,Rf,Rb1,Rb2,Rb3,Rc and Rd (HPLC)was established,and the method was applied to determine the content of ginseng saponins;the content of total saponin was determined with vanillin sulfuric acid method.The results show that for total saponin of Panax ginseng,ginseng samples in Fusong area are the best;for the evaluation index of eight kinds of monomer ginsenoside content,ginseng samples in Changbai and Wangqing areas are better.For the same index,if the samples are 4 years old,saponin content in Hunchun area is low;if the samples are 5 years old,the quality in Fusong and Changbai area is poor.The evaluation results are closely related to the testing index and the sampling age,and a more stable evaluation system should be established to control the quality of ginseng raw materials and products.%分别以总皂苷、二醇型或三醇型皂苷、8种单体皂苷的含量为指标,对不同产地、不同年生人参样品进行质量评价,并分析其差异。建立可同时测定 Rg1、Re、Rf、Rb1、Rb2、Rb3、Rc、Rd 的高效液相色谱法(HPLC),运用该法对人参单体皂苷含量进行测定;总皂苷含量采用香草醛-硫酸法测定。结果表明:以总皂苷含量为评价指标,抚松地区人参品质最佳;以8种单体皂苷含量为评价指标,长白、汪清地区较优。其次,采用同一评价指标时,如样品为四年生,珲春地区皂苷含量较低;如样品为五年生,以抚松和长白地区品质较差。人参品质评价结果与测试指标、取样年龄等密切相关,对人参原料和产品的质量控制应建立更加细致稳定的评价系统。

  17. 山东省焦虑障碍患者生命质量及应对方式的病例对照研究%A case-control study on the quality of life and the way of response among patients with anxiety disorder in Shandong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董曼; 张敬悬; 卢传华; 唐济生; 刘兰芬; 邱惠敏; 王松波; 王爱祯; 李馨

    2013-01-01

    目的 采用病例对照方法探讨焦虑障碍患者生命质量和应对方式特点.方法 对山东省≥18岁人群精神障碍流行病学调查数据进行二次分析,以符合DSM-Ⅳ诊断的720例焦虑障碍患者作为研究组,按同性别、同年龄组(±3岁)、同村或同社区1∶1配对,在数据库中选择720名无任何精神疾病诊断者作为正常对照组.研究工具采用一般健康问卷、生命质量量表、简易应对方式问卷和一般资料调查问卷.结果 焦虑障碍患者的生命质量评分低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).应对方式中焦虑障碍患者消极应对因子评分高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).两因素方差分析显示,在排除性别、年龄、职业、受教育年限、婚姻状况、宗教信仰因素的影响后,焦虑障碍患者的生命质量评分仍低于对照组,消极应对因子评分仍高于对照组.结论 焦虑障碍患者生命质量低于正常对照组,且多采用消极应对方式.%Objective To explore the characteristics related to the quality of life and the way of response among patients with anxiety disorder in Shandong province.Methods Case-control study was adopted,with secondary data analysis on mental disorders among adults over 18 years of age,in Shandong province.720 patients with anxiety disorder who met the anxiety diagnostic criteria of DSM-Ⅳ,were selected from the database,according to the distributions on gender,age (± 3 years of age),village or community.720 persons without any psychiatric diagnosis were selected and served as controls,under 1 ∶ 1 paired choice.Research tools would include:General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12),Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ),Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ),and questionnaire on general information.Results Scores of QLQ among patients with anxiety disorder were lower than that of the control group,with statistically significant difference (P <0.01).Scores on the

  18. Transamazonic foundation from Borborema Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geochronological data obtained in plutonic rocks of the Sao Vicente/Caico Groups present U/Pb values around 2.15 Ga. These rocks may have involved from an initial mantle or lower crust melting and fractionation process by 2.62-2.65 Ga., that is evidenced from Sm/Nd model ages. Relation betwen TTG-sequence and tectonic setting of the area and other localities in NE-Brazil suggest that the Transamazonic orogeny was the main crust-forming episode of the Borborema Province. (author)

  19. The Research on social support and quality of life status among pregnant women living with HIV in high HIV-prevalent areas of Sichuan province%四川省艾滋病高流行地区人类免疫缺陷病毒感染孕产妇社会支持与生命质量现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何丹; 廖辉; 何朝华; 蒲杰; 许跃忠; 刘敬涛; 布的尔波; 梁家智; 唐英; 孙玲玲; 郑姝娟

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究了解四川省艾滋病高流行地区人类免疫缺陷病毒( Human Immunodeficiency Virus , HIV)感染孕产妇社会支持和生命质量现状。方法选取2014年凉山州HIV感染孕产妇187名和正常孕产妇243名为对照组进行问卷调查,对比分析两组孕产妇的社会支持和生命质量现状及其相关联因素。结果两组孕产妇在文化程度、职业等方面比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),HIV感染孕产妇的社会支持总分和生命质量的健康总体自评( GH)、躯体疼痛( BP)、活力( VT)、社会功能( SF)、精神健康( MH)领域中的得分低于对照组孕产妇( P<0.05);但在生理功能( PF)、生理职能( RP)、情感职能( RE)领域中的得分以及生命质量总分高于对照组孕产妇(P<0.05),HIV感染孕产妇社会支持和生命质量主要与RP、BP、SF、RE、MH相关(P<0.05)。结论凉山州HIV感染孕产妇的社会人口学特征明显,生命质量和社会支持具有相关性。%Objective To study the social support and quality of life status among pregnant women living with HIV ,for setting policies and measures of prevention of mother to child transmission ( PMTCT ) in high HIV -prevalent areas of Sichuan province . Methods In 2014, questionnaire survey was conducted on 187 pregnant women living with HIV and 243 pregnant women living without HIV in Liangshan area .Results There were difference between pregnant women living with or without HIV in cultural degree , occupation ( P<0.05) ,the total and three dimensions of social support scores in pregnant women living with HIV were lower than those in pregnant women living without HIV (P<0.05),the GH,VT,SF、MH of quality of life scores in pregnant women living with HIV were lower than those in pregnant women living without HIV (P<0.05),the total quality of life and PF、RP、RE scores were higher than those living without HIV(P<0.05),the

  20. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the more communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing. So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. The qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make different impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of scenic spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyze the existing problems on translation of the names from the persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions are proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  1. 陕西省农村居民视功能相关生存质量现况及其相关因素%Study on the epidemiology and related factors of vision functioning related quality of life among the rural residents of Shanxi province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩程成; 刘如如; 王明旭; 马乐

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解陕西省农村居民视功能相关生存质量现状,并探讨其相关因素.方法 采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法,抽取陕西省4个乡镇的237名农村居民,对其进行视功能相关生存质量的问卷调查.采用单因素和多因素回归模型探讨视功能相关生存质量的相关因素.结果 本研究共收集有效调查223人,其中男性65人(29.10%),女性158人(70.9%).研究对象年龄为(35.8±14.2)岁.视功能相关生存质量三方面(一般健康及视力情况、活动受限程度、视力问题的反映程度)得分分别为(70.87 ±17.19)分、(91.56±9.13)分和(85.20±19.73)分.视功能一般健康及视力情况得分与眼药使用和眼病史呈负相关;活动受限程度得分与家族史和用药史呈负相关;视力问题的反映程度得分与年龄呈负相关,而与精神状态呈正相关.结论 视功能相关生存质量与年龄、眼药使用、眼病史、用药史、家族眼病史、精神状态均可影响视功能相等因素有关,需根据实际情况加强对居民的健康教育.%Objective To understand the vision functioning related quality of life in rural residents of Shanxi province,and explore its related factors.Methods By using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method,237 rural residents from four township of Shanxi Province were conducted a questionnaire survey of vision functioning related quality of life.Using single factor and multiple factor regression model,the factors related to vision functioning related quality of life were explored.Results There were effective survey of 223 people,including 65 males (29.10%) and 158 females (70.9%).The age of residents was (35.8 ±14.2) years old.As the three aspects of vision functioning related quality of life (general health and vision acuity,grades of activity disabilities,reflections of vision problems) scores were 70.87 ± 17.19,91.56 ±9.13,85.20 ± 19.73 respectively.The visual functioning of general

  2. El impacto del divorcio en la calidad de vida de los niños de 8 a 12 años de edad en la provincia de Alicante Impact of divorce on quality of life in children aged 8-12 years in the province of Alicante (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mireia Orgilés

    2011-12-01

    seven randomly-selected schools in the province of Alicante. Of the total sample, 861 children had married parents and 164 had divorced parents. The children completed the Child Health and Illness Profile-Child Edition and those with divorced parents also provided information on the current relationship between their parents. Results: Quality of life was higher in children with married parents than in those with divorced parents, with higher scores in all dimensions. Children who reported conflict between their parents after the divorce had worse quality of life. Conclusions: These results confirm significant differences in quality of life according to family structure and revealed the relationship between children's self-perceived health and interparental conflict after divorce. We emphasize the importance of health professionals in providing guidance to divorced parents on preventing their children's health problems and facilitating adaptation to the new family situation.

  3. Status of Quality of Life in Civil Servants in Guangdong Province and Its Impacting Factors%广东省不同生活方式公务员的生存质量状况及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆艳; 许军; 丘金彩; 魏骞; 冯丽仪; 邹俐爱; 徐华丽

    2013-01-01

    Objective To assess the health - related quality of life among civil servants with different lifestyle in Guangdong province, and investigate the factors impacting their quality of life. Methods The stratified random sampling method was used to choose 2 805 civil servants, and thier quality of life was investigated by Health Survey Short Form - 36 Items ( SF - 36 ) Scale. Results The univariate analysis showed that the civil servants who smoked had lower scores in SF - 36 than those who did not; servants who drank a lot had lower scores than those who never drank or drank a little, servants who never had breakfast had lower scores than those who had breakfast, servants who had less sleeping time had lower scores than those who had more sleeping time, servants who often participated in physical exercise had lower scores than those who did not, servants who often participated in work - related entertainment had lower scores than those who did unusually, servants who often worked on computer or were mostly sedentary had lower scores than those who did not or were not ( P <0. 01 ). The Multiple stepwise regression showed that the factors influencing the health - related quality of life in civil servants were alcohol drinking, work - related entertainment, experience with negative events within half a year, smoking, physical exercise, breakfast habits, sleep time, sedentary work on computer ( P < 0. 05 ) . Conclusion Lifestyle factors such as alcohol drinking, work - related entertainment, smoking, physical exercise, breakfast habits, sleeping time, and sedentary work on computer are related to their quality of life.%目的 评价广东省不同生活方式公务员的生存质量状况,并探讨其生存质量的影响因素.方法采用分层随机抽样的方法,选取广东省公务员2 805名.采用健康调查简表(SF-36)进行调查.结果 单因素分析显示,公务员的SF-36得分吸烟组低于不吸烟组,大量饮酒组低于不饮酒或少量饮酒组,

  4. Analysis on Consumption Behavior of Zhejiang Province’s Farmers from the Perspective of Their Income Increase

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Hailin

    2013-01-01

    With rapid development of industrialization in Zhejiang Province, surplus rural labor forces move to the secondary and tertiary industries. Farmers of Zhejiang Province are no exception. They turn to industrial workers and their income source has great changes. Wage income becomes their major source of income. Accordingly, farmers’ consumption behavior has great changes. Apart from satisfying basic production and living demands, farmers start to pursue living quality and their life style te...

  5. Information Quality, Transaction Costs and Farmers' Sale Prices---Evidence from 466 rubber farmers in Hainan and Yunnan provinces%信息质量、交易成本与农户的销售价格∗--基于海南、云南466个橡胶种植户的调研数据

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍薇; 刘锐金; 莫业勇

    2015-01-01

    Based on the farmer survey data from Hainan and Yunnan provinces, this paper analyzes the impact of information quality, transaction costs and household characteristics on sale prices, which is supported by behavior theory. The results from the multiple regression models show that the quality of information, the specialization and the rubber income level significantly affect the farms’ sale prices; oppositely, bargaining power and the organizational degree have a negative relationship with sale prices. The role of product-forms and targeting-buyers is also important for sale prices which farm-ers receive. Meanwhile, whether or not farmers are familiar to the distribution of buyers, the distance between rubber plantations and sale destinations, and education levels have no significant impact on the prices. Therefore, we suggest that natural rubber market condition and information services should be improved, and farmers should be encouraged to specialized management.%利用466个农户的调查数据,以农户行为理论为支撑,研究信息质量、交易成本、农户特征对农户所获得销售价格的影响。研究结果表明:信息质量、生产专业化程度的提高以及高水平的橡胶收入有助于农户获得更高的价格;议价能力、组织化程度与销售价格呈现负相关,销售产品形式、交易对象的选择会在一定程度上影响销售价格;交易环境的熟识度、交易距离的远近以及农户受教育程度对农户所能获得价格的高低没有显著的影响。因此,提出加强天然橡胶市场建设和产业信息技术服务、鼓励农户专业化经营等建议。

  6. Food quality and safety in export fresh fruit horticultural products: Implying in the labor process of agribusiness related to sweat citrus fruit in Entre Rios province Calidad y seguridad alimentaria en productos frutihortícolas frescos de exportación: Implicaciones en los procesos laborales de la agroindustria de cítricos dulces de Entre Ríos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidia Tadeo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the early 1990s the world market increases the demand of fresh fruit horticultural products in order to satisfy customers who require standardised products and "just in time" delivery. Meanwhile a great number of food quality and safety regulations are developed which are also concerned in workers wellfare, prohibition of children work and inverorment protection. This article shows the results of a study about citrus fruit and agribusiness related to citrus fruit in Entre Rios province, the main sweet citrus fruit producer in Argentina . Such study deals with food quality and health features of export sweet citrus fruit which are sent to other counter-seasonal markets. We use qualitative information gathered in the years 2005 and 2006 by means of direct survey to packaging export companies, citrus producers, entreproneurs, harvest workers and packaging workers. We add statistic information in this study, as well.A comienzos de 1990 el mercado mundial incrementa la demanda de productos frutihortícolas en estado fresco, destinada a satisfacer a consumidores que requieren productos estandarizados y envíos "just in time". Simultáneamente, aparecen numerosas normas de calidad y seguridad alimentaria, públicas y privadas, tendientes a la obtención de productos sanos e inocuos, a la vez que se interesan por la protección de los trabajadores, prohibición del trabajo infantil y cuidado del medio ambiente. Este artículo presenta resultados de un estudio de caso referido a la agroindustria de cítricos de la provincia de Entre Ríos, principal productora de cítricos dulces del país. Se indaga en los criterios de calidad y sanidad alimentaria en cítricos dulces de exportación a mercados de contraestación y su repercusión en los procesos de trabajo. Utilizamos información cualitativa obtenida en los años 2005 y 2006 (encuestas directas a empresas empacadoras exportadoras, entrevistas en profundidad a productores citrícolas, empresarios

  7. Customary Homicides in Diyarbakir Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Eyyup; Canturk, Nergis; Erkol, Zerrin; Kumral, Bahadir; Okumus, Ali M

    2015-09-01

    This study presents an analysis of the causes of so-called honor killings in the context of "customary homicide" and a discussion of preventive measures. Finalized case files of customary homicide between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2012 were retrospectively examined in Diyarbakir Province, Turkey. Of a total of 28 case victims, 17 (60.7%) were females and 11 (39.3%) were males. All perpetrators were male. There was a significant difference between male and female victims in terms of economic independence (p=0.000). A direct blood relationship or relationship by marriage (such as brother-in-law) was found to have a significant association with the gender of the victim (pwomen by society, replacement of patriarchal models with more modern attitudes, and encouragement of individuality may represent effective strategies that may help reduce the number of customary homicide, which represents a multifaceted problem. PMID:25921219

  8. Regional Distribution of Cotton Fiber Quality in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The fiber quality status is very important for super quality cotton production and diverse requirements of textile industry in China.In this study,the quality of cotton fiber samples which are collected from 13 major cotton production provinces between 2001 to 2005 were analyzed.Eight quality traits

  9. Evaluation on the environmental quality about lead, cadmium, arsenic,chromium, mercury, copper and fluorine in the soils of Tieguanyin tea plantation in Fujian Province%福建铁观音茶园土壤中铅、镉、砷、铬、汞、铜、氟的环境质量现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雅玲; 王果; 罗丹; 葛宏力; 汪根发; 陈进火; 罗志毅

    2011-01-01

    为了解福建省铁观音茶园土壤中主要污染元素的含量状况及其对茶叶生产的影响,采用野外调查和室内分析相结合的方法研究了福建省铁观音茶主产地安溪、华安和永春县150个茶园土壤中铅、镉、砷、铬、汞、铜、氟的含量,并进行了环境质量现状评价.结果表明,所有土壤的镉、铅、氟含量,97%以上土壤的铬、砷、汞含量均低于茶叶产地环境技术条件(NY/T853-2004)中相应的限量;92%以上土壤的镉、铬、砷、汞含量和70%以上土壤的铅含量低于有机茶产地环境条件(NY 5199-2002)中相应的限量.变质岩发育的土壤镉和氟含量较高,砂岩类发育的土壤铬含量较高,流纹质凝灰岩类发育的土壤铅含量较高,流纹岩类发育的土壤砷含量较高,闪长岩类发育的土壤汞和铜含量较高;水稻土改种的茶园土壤镉、铅和汞含量较高,铬和砷含量较低;赤红壤发育的土壤中铅含量较高,黄壤发育的土壤中铬和砷含量较高,红壤发育的土壤中铜含量较高.就所研究的元素而言,大部分供试茶园土壤是清洁和安全的.%To learn the main pollutant elements contents in soils and their potential effects on tea production, 150 surface soil samples and the corresponding tea leaves collected from Tieguanyin tea plantations in Anxi, Hua'an and Yongchun Counties of Fujian Province were investigated.The contents of Pb, Cd, As, Ct, Hg, Cu and F in surface soils were analyzed for environmental quality.The results showed that contents of Cd, Pd and F in all soil samples, and contents of Ct, As, Hg in 97% soil samples were lower than the environmental requirement criteria NY/T 853-2004 for tea production.Contents of Cd, Ct, As, Hg in 92% soil samples, and content of Pb in 70% soil samples were lower than the environmental condition criteria NY 5199-2002 for organic tea production.The contents of Cd and F in soils from metamorphic rock, Cr in soils from

  10. Chronic patient care at North West Province clinics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire van Deventer

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chronic illnesses are a significant burden to the health services in South Africa. There is a specific national health plan whereby chronically ill patients who are acceptably controlled should be managed at clinic level. The perception has emerged that the management of primary care has not been optimal in the Southern District of the North West Province. This provided the motivation to initiate this research, namely consideration of chronic patient care at clinics in the North West Province of South Africa.Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at four randomly selected clinics covering four sub-districts in the Southern District (North West Province. This was done using charts and registers at the clinics. Inclusion criteria were patients older than 18, and presenting with the following chronic illnesses: asthma/chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD, hypertension, diabetes and epilepsy. The major focus areas were the regular assessment of the patients, the level of control of the illness and the use of the Essential Drugs List and Standard Treatment Guidelines (EDL/STG.Results: In the cases of all the chronic illnesses it was found that regular assessments were poorly done, with asthma (peak flow measurements being the most poorly done. Control was generally less than 50% for all the illnesses, although the EDL was followed fairly well by the personnel at the clinics.Conclusion: In the light of the burden of chronic illness the results give cause for great concern about the quality of care for chronically ill patients, and reasons were sought for some of the poor results. A subsequent decision was taken to carry out comprehensive quality improvement projects on each of the illnesses over the following five years.

  11. Potential uranium provinces in some arabian countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work represents an attempt to delineate potential uranium provinces in some Arabian countries using various related recognition criteria. Definition of these provinces is based on the available geologic and tectonic setting beside geochronological sequence and some geochemical characteristics. This trial would be of a great help for interchanging the ideas and necessary data for the development in the fields of uranium exploration and production. As a result of this study, a number of promising potential uranium provinces are recommended in some arabian countries. 5 figs

  12. Integrating decision support tools and environmental information systems: a case study on the Province of Milan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper demonstrates an application of advanced decision support tools within the framework of the environmental information system of the Province of Milan. These tools include environmental simulation models, multi criteria analysis, risk analysis and environmental accounting for marketable emission permits. After describing the general structure of the system, three demonstrational case studies are introduced concerning: groundwater pollution management; atmospheric pollution management; urban environmental quality perception and management. In the conclusion, potential use of tools like the ones implemented by the province of Milan within the framework of Local Agenda 21 processes is recalled

  13. Distribution and development strategy for Jatropha curcas L. in Yunnan Province, Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Kun; Yang Wen-yun; Li Li; Zhang Chun-hua; Cui Yong-zhong; Sun Yong-yu

    2007-01-01

    Yunnan Province is the main distributing area of Jatropha curcas L. This plant is abundant in several drainage areas of the dry-hot, dry-warm and sub-humid valleys in the south subtropical area of Yunnan Province. The seeds that were picked from trees blossoming between April and May and fructifying between September and October will have large seed yield and fine quality. For developing bio-diesel stock forest of J. curcas in areas with adaptive climate, seeding measures for afforestation should be taken and techniques on breeding, fast-growing, and high-yielding plantation cultivation are very important.

  14. Current Situation of Farmers’ Specialized Cooperatives in Hainan Province and Development Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanzhen; ZHANG; Huide; HUANG

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the distribution, membership structure and industrial structure of farmers’ specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out some problems in farmers’ specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, such as small scale, low ability to resist risks, lack of standardization in operation, and generally low quality of cooperative members. Finally the following development strategies are put forth: promoting the large scale and standardized development of farmers’ specialized cooperatives; enhancing institutionalized education and training for members; encouraging university graduates to work in the cooperatives; providing conventional credit support to cooperatives; increasing fiscal efficiency to support cooperatives.

  15. Current State and Influencing Factors of Health Related Quality of Life of Patients with Chronic Disease in Jilin Province%吉林省城乡慢性病患者健康相关生命质量及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王平平; 李晶华; 孔璇; 张秀敏

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解吉林省城乡慢性病患者健康相关生命质量现状及影响因素,为有针对性提出慢性病防治策略提供依据。方法:数据来源于2013年第五次国家卫生服务调查吉林省家庭健康询问调查中的部分内容。采用EQ-5 D量表对35岁及以上慢性病患者的健康相关生命质量进行评价。结果:农村慢性病患者生命质量5个维度存在或伴有严重问题的比例明显高于城市患者,总评分及自我健康评分明显低于城市患者(P<0.05)。年龄、婚姻状况、收入水平、教育水平、疾病严重程度、是否参加体育锻炼、吸烟等均是影响慢性病患者生命质量的重要因素。结论:慢性病患者的生命质量低下已成为不容忽视的社会和医学问题。社会各部门应互相合作,从心理、生理及社会多个维度入手,建立起融预防、治疗、康复为一体的综合性、可及性的慢性病防治网络。%Objective: To study the current state and influencing factors of Health Related Quality of Life ( HRQOL) of patients with chronic illness and provide decision support for the policy-makers on preventing and controlling chronic diseases.Methods:The data was from the Fifth National Health Services Survey in 2013 in Jilin province.EQ-5D was used to evaluate HRQOL of 35 and over 35 years old patients with chronic illness.Results:The ratios of existing or having severe problems on five dimensions in rural chronic disease patients were much higher than urban patients.Age, income level, education, marriage state, disease severity, physical exercise and smoking were important factors affecting the quali-ty of life in patients with chronic diseases.Conclusion: Decline in quality of life of patients with chronic illness has become a severe social and medical problem which should not be ignored.Social departments should work together to establish a comprehensive and accessible health service network, from

  16. Research on the Construction of the Quality Assessment System of The Sunshine Sports Project of School——Take the High School in Sichuan Province as the Research Object%构建学校阳光体育工程质量评估体系的研究——以四川省中学为研究对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦勇; 鲁飞; 李小刚; 张艳群

    2012-01-01

    By adopting the methods of literature document,questionnaire investigation expert interview...etc.to investigate of the present conditions of the 55 high schools to developed The Sunshine Sports Project in Sichuan province.The results showed:Majority of schools has developed Sunshine Sports to exercise,but total unbalance,situation didn't form to continuously develop,investigate its basic reason to lie in having never built up quality to investigate a mechanism.Therefore,The school is the corpus object of the Sunshine Sports Project quality valuation,science sets up the Sunshine Sports Project quality in school valuation index sign system,Should follow the basic principle of the "Assessing and to assessment and reform,combined with evaluation and construction,focusing on building";Should adhere to principle of the scientific and systematic,versatility and compatibility,and incentive-oriented,concise and operational;The system should cover the organization and management,security conditions,evaluation mechanisms,Students four specific evaluation index system and a feature of the index.Sunshine Sports to grow an effect mechanism.%运用文献资料法、问卷调查法、专家访谈法和数理统计法等研究方法,对四川省55所中学开展阳光体育工程的现状进行调查研究。结果显示:多数学校开展了阳光体育运动,但是发展不平衡,总体看尚未形成持续开展的局面,究其根本原因在于没有建立质量考核机制。为此,本课题确立学校是实施阳光体育工程质量评估的主体对象,提出科学构建学校阳光体育工程质量评估体系应遵循"以评促建、以评促改、评建结合、重在建设"的基本方针;应坚持科学性与系统性、通用性与兼容性、导向性与激励性、简明性与可操作性相结合的基本原则;应涵盖组织管理、条件保障、评价机制、学生体质四大基本考核指标体系和一个特色指标体系。

  17. Geologic Provinces of the Arctic, 2000 (prvarcst)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe Arctic portion of the U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the World in 2000.

  18. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Huide; ZHANG, Wanzhen; Liu, Enping; Zhang, Xizhu

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution, member scale, production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification, this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations, such as joint production of banana cooperatives, ...

  19. The behaviour of consumer prices across provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkinson, Gordon

    2011-01-01

    Measures of core inflation enable a central bank to distinguish price movements that are transitory and generated by non-monetary events from those that are more permanent and related to prior monetary policy decisions. The author uses standard statistical measures to assess the behaviour of consumer prices across provinces and identify price components with more divergent price patterns. The results indicate that energy, shelter and tobacco prices are the most volatile across provinces. Very...

  20. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAN Bin; DONG Yuan-Rong; HOU Wei-Guo; TONG Li-Hua; YUAN Sheng

    2007-01-01

    A survey was conducted for about 3 years to study the abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) in Jiangsu Province, China. The identification of the fungal species was based on the microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of their fruiting bodies. About 126 species of EMF were found in Jiangsu Province. These fungi were largely categorized into three orders (of 121 species), four families (of 96 species), and six genera (of about 86 species).

  1. Intestinal acariasis in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang

    2000-01-01

    The mites found in stored food and house comprise a large group of subclass Acari, belonging to the suborder Acardida of the order Acarifornes. They can be found in dust and vacuum samples from floors, furniture, mattresses, Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, and bedding. These mites are nidicolous and feed on organic debris, including sloughed human skin, fungi, spilled food, pollen, etc. These mites are particularly prevalent in Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, beds, though carpeted floors near beds or couches may also have large numbers. The most common species are Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae , Dermatophagoides farinae , D . pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, G. Ornatus, Carpoglyphus lactis and Tarsonemus granarius, etc. The viability of mites in storage is quite strong and they can invade and parasitize the intestines of humans[1 -15]. They can cause pulmonary acariasis[16-25] , urinary acariasis[26-33] and so on. The dejecta of mites is a quite strong allergen and can cause different allergic diseases[34-44]. Intestinal acariasis can be caused by some mites related to the way of diet intake and invading against intestinal mucosa, intestinal muscle[45-5a]. The first report of intestinal acariasis caused by these mites was made by Hinman et al (1934)[45]. From then on, all kinds of studies on the disease have been reported gradually. In order to make an epidemiological survey of intestinal acariasis the investigation of the disease was taken in some areas of Anhui Province from 1989 to 1996.

  2. Odonata collected in Hainan and Guangdong Provinces, China in 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Garrison, Rosser W.; Cordero-Rivera, Adolfo; Zhang, Haomiao

    2015-01-01

    A three week trip to Hainan and Guangdong provinces was conducted between 26 May and 11 June 2014, sampling odonates within the vicinity of Diaoluoshan National Nature Reserve, Shuimanxing Village (both Hainan Province) and Nankunshan Nature Reserve (Guangdong Province). Additionally, Cordero and Zhang collected at Shuimanxing Village between 13 and 23 June. A total of 103 species in 78 genera were found for Hainan Province and 51 species in 42 genera in Guangdong Province. Lists of all spec...

  3. Nature and Environment of the Hainan Province of China

    OpenAIRE

    MO,TINGHUI

    2009-01-01

    Hainan island enjoys a long history, but Hainan province is the youngest province of the People's Republic of China. The province has the smallest land area but the biggest ocean area of any province in China. As the largest island of Hainan province, Hainan island, like a pearl, is mounted in the vast blue water of South China Sea. With tropical resort resources, Hainan island has radiant sunshine, soft sandy beaches, blowing sea breeze, the relaxing and healthy spa, wonderful folkways of mi...

  4. Tectonic provinces of the Atlantic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pushcharovsky, Yu. M.

    2009-05-01

    The tectonic structure of the floor of the Atlantic Ocean beyond the continental margins is insufficiently studied. This is also true of its tectonic demarcation. The segmentation of the floor into regional-scale tectonic provinces of several orders proposed in this paper is primarily based on structural and historical geological features. It is shown that deep oceanic basins and fault tectonics are of particular importance in this respect. Tectonic provinces of two orders are distinguished by a set of attributes. The first-order provinces are the North, Central, South, and Antarctic domains of the Atlantic Ocean. They are separated by wide demarcation fracture zones into Transatlantic (transverse) second-order tectonic provinces. Ten such provinces are recognized (from the north southward): Greenland-Lofoten, Greenland-Scandinavia, Greenland-Ireland, Newfoundland-European, North American-African, Antilles-African, Angola-Brazil, Cape-Argentine, North Antarctic, and South Antarctic. This subdivision demonstrates significant differentiation in the geodynamic state of the oceanic lithosphere that determines nonuniform ocean formation and the tectonic features of the ocean floor. The latitudinal orientation of the second-order provinces inherits the past tectonic pattern, though newly formed structural units cannot be ruled out. The Earth rotation exerts a crucial effect on the crust and the mantle.

  5. How to compute regional trends in water quality?

    OpenAIRE

    Bogaart, P. W.; Bolt, F.J.E.

    2012-01-01

    National policies, guided by European legislation such as the Water Framework Directive, ask for information on trends in water quality metrics, such as nutrient concentrations, on relatively large spatial scales, such as catchments, water management units or physiographic provinces...

  6. Sustainable development of coal cities in Heilongjiang province based on AHP method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yupu; Sun Yongbo; Qin Jiangbo

    2012-01-01

    The sustainable development of coal mining cities in Heilongjiang province has important effect on the economic stability and development of Heilongjiang,Northeast China.and China at large.To further the sustainable development evaluation system of coal mining cities in Heilongjiang province,based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method combined with operational and scientific principles using Saaty's 1-9 scale method to construct the judgment matrix from five aspects,such as economic development and environmental quality,this paper establishes the comprehensive evaluation index system of sustainable development of coal mining cities in Heilongjiang province,including comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits and the contribution rate of science and technology.In addition,using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method,a comprehensive evaluation is made on the indices of the four major coal mining cities of Heilongjiang.The result shows that the coal mining cities are not better than Datong of Shanxi province in many indices.The economic development and environment quality are the most important indices of the targeted layer influencing the sustainable development of coal mining cities of Heilongjiang,and their index weights are 0.4358 and 0.2844,respectively.These two indices including comprehensive index of industrial economic benefit and the ratio of environmental protection investment to GDP are the key elements influencing the two aspects.

  7. Pervalence of intestinal parasites in Ordu province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ülkü Karaman

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The epidemiology of intestinal parasites vary according to country’s geographic location, sociocultural structure and diet. An epidemiological study of intestinal parasites has not been observed in Ordu Province and around. The aim of this study was determining the intestinal parasites data of Ordu Provincial Health Directorate retrosrectively. Methods: Between January 2006 and December 2013 the data of the provinceal Health Directorate of Ordu were retrospectively evaluated. Results: 7194 positivity has been reported in the study. Quantitative distribution of the parasites were as follows; 3415 Enterobius vermicularis, 2802 Ascaris lumbricoides, 1182 Entamoeba histolytica, 705 Giardia intestinalis, 682 Taenia spp, 245 Hookworm infection, 22 Trichuris trichiura, 17 Fasciola hepatica and 12 Strongiloides stercoralis. Conclusion: As a result intestinal parasites in Ordu Province is a major public health problem.

  8. Uranium provinces and the exploration industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is little doubt that exploration by mining companies in established districts or 'provinces' has led to the discovery of substantial additional ore reserves. However, the competition for, and expenses of, land acquisitions in these known districts often prompts companies to search further afield. In some cases, new discoveries can merely be regarded as extensions of known provinces while others are located in completely new areas. Whether the explorers utilized concepts of metallogenic provinces in the course of such discoveries is questionable; rather, they would have sought the particular combinations of geological circumstances required by the model. Once a new deposit is found, however, the concept of a province, whether correct in that situation or not, is usually responsible for stimulating further activity. Recent examples of such behaviour are the Arizona Strip and NE Nebraska (USA) in provincial extensions and Roxby Downs, Lone Gull (NW Territories, Australia) and Lagoa Real (Brazil) in new areas. More routine and scientific application of metallogenic province theory by the uranium exploration industry would require evidence that not only the bulk of the world's uranium reserves but also the majority of the individual world-class deposits fall into geologically definable provinces. Such evidence should include the demonstration that particular areas of the Earth's crust had been enriched in uranium (with or without related elements) and that this enrichment had persisted through periods of crustal reworking and been responsible for concentrations of the metal ore deposits. The evidence described in the volume is critically reviewed in this context. (author). Refs, 4 figs

  9. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huide; HUANG; Wanzhen; ZHANG; Enping; LIU; Xizhu; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution,member scale,production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province,and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification,this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations,such as joint production of banana cooperatives,timely planting of banana,brand management,and improvement of production and operation technical level.

  10. Overexploitation of Abalone at Libong Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanyut Sudtongkong

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abalone is generally known as a fishery resource of high economic value. The wild abalone from Libong Island iswidely known for its potential as a cocktail-size and high-quality broodstock for hatcheries. The high market price andexternal demand have encouraged local fisherman to catch the wild abalone without proper management, resulting in a nearextinction crisis in the abalone population in this area. The present evaluation of abalone management at Libong Island,Trang Province, Thailand, was conducted using local user perceptions. Sixteen performance indicators included effectiveness indicators, equity indicators, and sustainable indicators. These were measured to determine whether the abalonemanagement activities had achieved the set objectives in terms of better conditions for abalone cultivation and sustainability.The results revealed that the abalone population has undergone degrading and decline due to lack of proper managementmeasures in this area. The findings suggest that practical management is needed for the abalone population at Libong Island.

  11. 陕西省汉中地区农村居民膳食质量及其影响因素研究%Study on the diet quality and its relative effect factors among rural residents, using the Chinese Diet Balance Index (CDBI) in Hanzhong, Shaanxi province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘如如; 党少农; 王维华; 范小静; 颜虹; 赵亚玲

    2013-01-01

    目的 采用中国膳食平衡指数(DBI)评价陕西省汉中地区农村居民膳食质量状况及其影响因素.方法 2010年对汉中地区18 ~ 80岁农村居民膳食采用半定量食物频率问卷进行横断面调查,采用DBI相关指标评价其膳食质量,应用多因素线性回归方法分析影响摄入不足和摄入过量可能的影响因素.结果 调查的2748人中谷薯类、豆类、腌菜、植物油和食盐每标准人日平均摄人量均高于全国农村居民平均水平(P<0.01),其中80%以上村民的谷薯类、食用油和盐摄入量平均水平超过推荐量;动物性食物、蛋奶类和蔬菜水果则低于全国平均水平(P<0.01),存在明显摄入不足.人群平均负端分(DBI LBS)和正端分(DBI HBS)分别为22.8和9.8,中度摄入不足(20<DBI LBS≤40)和摄入过量(10<DBI HBS≤20)的比例分别为62.6%和48.0%.影响摄入不足的主要因素有文化程度、财富指数、高血压史、体育锻炼和看电视时间;影响摄入过量的主要因素有性别、年龄、家庭人口数、劳动强度、睡眠时间、吸烟和饮酒情况.结论 汉中地区农村居民膳食结构不均衡,并以摄入不足为主,同时存在部分食物摄入过量;有必要在不同人群中开展有针对性的干预措施,改善当地居民营养状况.%Objective To evaluate the diet quality and the relative factors among rural residents in Hanzhong,Shaanxi province.Methods A cross-sectional survey on dietary status together with a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire were conducted on rural residents aged from 18 to 80 in Hanzhong of Shaanxi in 2010.Diet quality was evaluated by using the Chinese Diet Balance Index (CDBI) scoring and evaluating system.Linear regression models were developed to identify factors that influencing the status of under/over intake.Results 2748 rural residents were investigated with the average daily intake of grains,beans,heavily salted vegetables,plant oil

  12. Geologic Provinces of the Caribbean Region, 2004 (prv6bg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset includes a modified subset of polygon features that describe U.S. Geological Survey's defined geologic provinces of the World. Each province has a set...

  13. Proposition of Model for CSIRT: Case Study of Telecommunication Company in a Province of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Naseri; Omid Azmoon

    2012-01-01

    Attack to software, network and system is cause of computer security incidents. Computer Security Incident Response Capability (CSIRC) prevent from attacks by responding, predictive and safety quality management services. Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT) provides these services. In this paper, modeling is proposed for deployment of CSIRT and structure for providing services is described. This model is implemented in a case study in a telecommunication company in a province of ...

  14. Lead and Cadmium Concentration in Agricultural Crops (Lettuce, Cabbage, Beetroot, and Onion) of Isfahan Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Reza Mohajer; Mohammad Hassan Salehi; Jahangard Mohammadi

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objective: The contamination of agricultural crops with heavy metals due to soil and atmospheric contamination is a potential threat for their quality and their safety. Heavy metals such as Cd and Pb have been reported for their carcinogenic effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the lead and cadmium concentration in some of crops grown in Isfahan province, Iran. Materials and Methods: During two seasons (spring and summer), 80 samples of four different crops (20 ...

  15. Evaluation and Optimization Approaches of Rural Financial Ecological Environment in Hubei Province

    OpenAIRE

    Zou, Xiaofang

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture is the foundation of national economy, and the quality of rural financial ecological environment determines the level of rural economic development. At the same time of making outstanding achievements in rural financial reform, there are still many problems in rural financial ecological environment. Taking Hubei Province as an example, this paper summarized existing problems from current situations of rural financial ecological environment, and finally came up with pertinent recom...

  16. Adoption of Good Agricultural Practices by Durian Farmers in Koh Samui District, Surat Thani Province, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    MANKEB, Panya; LIMUNGGURA, Tippawan; IN-GO, Anuson; CHULILUNG, Praporn

    2014-01-01

    Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.) is famous as the “king of fruits” and Thailand’s economicallyimportant fruit for export. As consumer demand for high quality and safe food products increased, GoodAgricultural Practices (GAP) were adopted by durian farmers in Koh Sumui district, Surat Thani province,Thailand to produce safe and wholesome fruits. The purposes of this research were to study the adoption ofGAP and to determine factors affecting GAP adoption of durian farmers. Structure interview w...

  17. Nutritional status of greenhouse cucumber and bell pepper in Isfahan province

    OpenAIRE

    F. Aghili; A. H. Khoshgoftarmanesh; M. Afyuni; M. Mobli; M. Pirzadeh; A. Sanaei Ostovar

    2011-01-01

    Despite of increasing request for greenhouse vegetables, there is quite limited information on their nutritional quality. This study was carried out to investigate nutritional status of macronutrients (Ca, Mg, P and K) and micronutrients (Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn) in greenhouse cucumber and bell pepper in Isfahan province. After selecting 25 greenhouses, the concentration of macronutrients and micronutrients was measured in soil and edible parts of cucumbers and bell peppers. The results showed that...

  18. Wetland Purification Pattern for Surface Runoff Pollution of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Yanbo; YAN, Wenzhi; Yan, Hongwei

    2015-01-01

    Taking surface runoff of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province as research object, this paper analyzed water quality characteristics of runoff and flow rules of pollutants. It proposed using constructed wetland treatment technique in the drainage system from the perspective of effectively removing major pollutants. Using the constructed wetland k-C* model and relevant experience, parameters of constructed wetland can be obtained. The basic model is as follows: constructed wetland lies in two s...

  19. Research on Factors Influencing Fertilizer Application of Farmer Households in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Zhiwei

    2014-01-01

    Known as the “food of grain†, chemical fertilizer plays a very important role in increasing the output of agricultural products. In the meantime, its negative externalities such as soil and water environment pollutions as well as the quality and safety hazards caused to agricultural products have been revealed gradually. Taking 126 farmer households in 5 counties (districts) of Anhui Province as samples, the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households are analyzed. Research show...

  20. Leisure and tourism behaviour in rural areas in the North West Province / Victor S. Mogajane

    OpenAIRE

    Mogajane, Victor Solomon

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine ways in which the accessibility of leisure and tourism behaviour patterns can be improved to ultimately improve the quality of life of people in rural communities in the North West Province. In order to achieve this it was necessary to indicate the holistic perspective of the tourism industry, with special reference to rural tourism and also the holistic perspective on leisure provision in South Africa. This study is important to addre...

  1. Sedimentary rocks Uranium in Cerro Largo Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the aim of the uranium minerals exploration has been carried out several studies by UTE technicians in Cerro Largo Province from 1968 to 1969. In uranium concentration has been found pyrite, phosphate, iron oxides and manganese in uranium. Furthermore in La Divisa Ore were studied concentration Uranium enrichment has been studied in La Divisa ore

  2. Payenia volcanic province, southern Mendoza, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina; Holm, Paul Martin; Llambias, Eduardo Jorge

    2013-01-01

    of the slab and the end of the shallow subduction period. The downwarping slab may have generated an enhanced mantle upwelling of both the intraplate and the MORB-like mantle sources. In samples from almost all parts of the Payenia province and in particular many Nevado, Llancanelo and older Payún...

  3. Nontyphoidal Salmonella Infection, Guangdong Province, China, 20121

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xi; Huang, Qiong; Dun, Zhongjun; Huang, Wei; Wu, Shuyu; Liang, Junhua; Deng, Xiaoling

    2016-01-01

    We used active and passive surveillance to estimate nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection during 2012 in Guangdong Province, China. Under passive surveillance, for every reported NTS infection, an estimated 414.8 cases occurred annually. Under active surveillance, an estimated 35.8 cases occurred. Active surveillance provides remarkable advantages in incidence estimate. PMID:26982074

  4. Investigation on Atmospheric Corrosiveness in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    According to the results of four-year exposure tests for carbon steel samples in Hainan province, the influences of meteorological factors and Cl- on atmospheric corrosion were investigated. The feature of atmospheric corrosion in this area was summarized. A corrosive map for the area was drawn. The corrosion products on carbon steel at some typical places were analyzed by XRD and XPS.

  5. Human rabies in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangping Ren

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: The majority of rabies cases occurred among 40–65-year-old male residents of northern, mid-west, and southeast Zhejiang Province. Further health education is needed to increase the coverage of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP in people exposed to possible rabid animals and rabies vaccine use in household animals.

  6. Cogeneration opportunities in the maritime provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the arrival of natural gas in New Brunswick in November 1999, the province will be faced with new power generation development opportunities in four different categories of power projects. These include industrial self generation (including cogeneration), merchant power plants, power projects to replace aging facilities, and power projects to help meet future environmental needs. New Brunswick's competitive advantage in harnessing the power generation development opportunities lies in the fact that it is close to major electricity markets in Quebec and New England. It also has many available generation sites. The province's many pulp and paper plants with large process steam needs are also ideal candidates for cogeneration. Some of the major competitive advantages of natural gas over coal are its lower operation and maintenance costs, it is thermally more efficient, produces lower emissions to the environment and prices are competitive. One of the suggestions in New Brunswick Power's new restructuring proposal is to unbundle electricity service in the province into generation and transmission and distribution services. Three gas-fired projects have already been proposed for the province. The 284 MW Bayside Power Project at the Courtenay Bay Generating Station is the most advanced

  7. Livestock rabies outbreaks in Shanxi province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Ye; Shi, Yanyan; Yu, Mingyang; Xu, Weidi; Gong, Wenjie; Tu, Zhongzhong; Ding, Laixi; He, Biao; Guo, Huancheng; Tu, Changchun

    2016-10-01

    Dogs play an important role in rabies transmission throughout the world. In addition to the severe human rabies situation in China, spillover of rabies virus from dogs in recent years has caused rabies outbreaks in sheep, cattle and pigs, showing that there is an increasing threat to other domestic animals. Two livestock rabies outbreaks were caused by dogs in Shanxi province, China from April to October in 2015, resulting in the deaths of 60 sheep, 10 cattle and one donkey. Brain samples from one infected bovine and the donkey were determined to be rabies virus (RABV) positive by fluorescent antibody test (FAT) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The complete RABV N genes of the two field strains, together with those of two previously confirmed Shanxi dog strains, were amplified, sequenced and compared phylogenetically with published sequences of the N gene of RABV strains from Shanxi and surrounding provinces. All of the strains from Shanxi province grouped closely, sharing 99.6 %-100 % sequence identity, indicating the wide distribution and transmission of dog-mediated rabies in these areas. This is the first description of donkey rabies symptoms with phylogenetic analysis of RABVs in Shanxi province and surrounding regions. The result emphasizes the need for mandatory dog rabies vaccination and improved public education to eradicate dog rabies transmission. PMID:27422397

  8. Large igneous provinces (LIPs) and carbonatites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, Richard E.; Bell, Keith

    2010-03-01

    There is increasing evidence that many carbonatites are linked both spatially and temporally with large igneous provinces (LIPs), i.e. high volume, short duration, intraplate-type, magmatic events consisting mainly of flood basalts and their plumbing systems (of dykes, sills and layered intrusions). Examples of LIP-carbonatite associations include: i. the 66 Ma Deccan flood basalt province associated with the Amba Dongar, Sarnu-Dandali (Barmer), and Mundwara carbonatites and associated alkali rocks, ii. the 130 Ma Paraná-Etendeka (e.g. Jacupiranga, Messum); iii. the 250 Ma Siberian LIP that includes a major alkaline province, Maimecha-Kotui with numerous carbonatites, iv. the ca. 370 Ma Kola Alkaline Province coeval with basaltic magmatism widespread in parts of the East European craton, and v. the 615-555 Ma CIMP (Central Iapetus Magmatic Province) of eastern Laurentia and western Baltica. In the Superior craton, Canada, a number of carbonatites are associated with the 1114-1085 Ma Keweenawan LIP and some are coeval with the pan-Superior 1880 Ma mafic-ultramafic magmatism. In addition, the Phalaborwa and Shiel carbonatites are associated with the 2055 Ma Bushveld event of the Kaapvaal craton. The frequency of this LIP-carbonatite association suggests that LIPs and carbonatites might be considered as different evolutionary ‘pathways’ in a single magmatic process/system. The isotopic mantle components FOZO, HIMU, EM1 but not DMM, along with primitive noble gas signatures in some carbonatites, suggest a sub-lithospheric mantle source for carbonatites, consistent with a plume/asthenospheric upwelling origin proposed for many LIPs.

  9. La materia orgánica particulada: comparación de métodos para su determinación y su valor como indicador de calidad de suelos del Chubut Particulate organic-matter: a comparison of methods for its determination and its role as an indicator of soil quality for some soils in the province of Chubut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Sonia Videla

    2008-12-01

    in the province of Chubut under different management schemes or affected by different disturbance regimes: Media Luna exclosure (ML C, Media Luna-grazing (ML P, Puerto Madryn bioturbed (PM B, Puerto Madryn nonbioturbed (PM NB, Punta Ninfas uneroded (PN NE and Punta Ninfas eroded (PN E. We collected soil samples from the 0 to 5 cm (PM and PN or 0 to 10 cm (ML depths to determine total soil organic-matter (MOT and MOP using wet combustion MOPh (Walkley and Black method and weight loss-on-ignition in a high temperature oven set at 430° C (MOPi. In the Mollisols and the Aridisols from Puerto Madryn, MOPi was higher than MOPh; in the Aridisols from Punta Ninfas, however, the differences between MOPi and MOPh were not significant. In soils with high calcium carbonate (PM B and PM NB or allophane (ML C and ML P contents, the loss-on-ignition method overestimated MOP contents. The MOT contents were highly correlated to both MOPh and MOPi for all soils (r²= 0.89 and r² = 0.73, respectively. Both MOT and MOP were sensitive to land management and soil erosion. The soil that displayed the greatest MOP/ MOT ratio was the PN NE. On the contrary, the PN E site showed the lowest values for this ratio, which would indicate that the low MOT content of this soil is predominantly associated to the < 0.053 mm fraction, and that the erosion process decreased the MOP reserves more than the MOT. For the Puerto Madryn soils, the MOPi / MOT ratio was greater than 1. This seems to be mainly due to the overestimation of the loss-on-ignition method in soils with abundant carbonates. Both MOT and MOP, determined by the two methods, can be used to detect differences in management or the state of soil degradation. However, MOP seemed to be more affected by soil erosion and sheep grazing compared to MOT. These results would allow us to consider MOP as a good indicator of changes in soil quality by either soil erosion or sheep grazing.

  10. Multiple Effects of Energy Issues and Countermeasures: A Case of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Chengxin; Wang Gefang; Yao Shimou

    2008-01-01

    Energy is now becoming the bottleneck of urban and regional development. The paper takes Shandong Province, one of the most energy consuming provinces in China, as an example, uses quantity methods such as SPSS (Stastics Package for Social Science) cluster sampling and regression analysis, and applies quantity analysis, to analyze the situation of energy is-sues in Shandong province. The conflicts between the quick industrialization and increasing extensive economic development, between urban population and energy consuming per head, between the infinite energy consuming desire and the low level of managing system, and between the unstable world energy supply and the limited energy storage in China are the main factors of energy crisis in Shandong, which not only results in energy shortage, but also becomes the barrier of economic and social development. In order to ensure sufficient energy supply for Shandong province in the 21st century, we should take countermeasures, such as changing the economic development model, pursuing a multiple and high quality energy strategy, improving the intensive urbanization strategy, and building a scientific energy system.

  11. The Agricultural Export Competitiveness and Independent Innovation in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guimin; WANG; Haixian; XIA

    2013-01-01

    Through the vertical and horizontal analysis of agricultural export data in Liaoning Province during the period 2006-2010,we can find that Liaoning Province has already a major exporter of agricultural products,but there is no significant increase in many indicators with great fluctuation or declining trend. Meanwhile,compared with other provinces,the competitive advantages of agricultural export in Liaoning Province are not obvious,lacking competitive potential. Analysis shows that it is a strenuous task for Liaoning Province to transform from a major exporter of agricultural products to strong export province; during the course,relying on independent innovation is the fundamental guarantee. Liaoning Province should rely on independent innovation,to create new agricultural varieties,lead the international standards of agricultural products,form the brand agriculture,and improve the agricultural industry chain.

  12. Integrating Comprehensive Reform with Quality of Care

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Xianyang City is located in the center of northwest China's Shaanxi Province. In 2001, it was designated as one of the pilot cities for comprehensive reform of family planning work initiated by the National Population and Family Planning Commission. This has provided a good opportunity for the city to better implement the quality of care approach.

  13. Health-related quality of life and its affecting factors in the elderly individuals: data from 9 provinces of China%我国9省市老年人健康相关生命质量及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆晓霞; 朱燕波; 王琦; 陈柯帆; 唐芳

    2009-01-01

    目的 测量和评价我国老年人的健康相关生命质量(HRQOL),分析影响我国老年人HRQOL的人口统计学和行为生活方式因素.方法 在江苏、安徽、甘肃、青海、福建、北京、吉林、江西、河南9省市进行横断面健康状况调查.HRQOL调查采用MOS SF-36问卷.老年人与一般人群的HRQOL比较应用成组设计的t检验,HRQOL影响因素分析采用多元线性逐步回归分析.结果 我国老年人的HRQOL 8个维度得分为生理机能(79±21),生理职能(68±40),躯体疼痛(72±23),一般健康状况(57±22),精力(69±20),社会功能(79±23),情感职能(72±40),精神健康(76±18).除精神健康维度以外的其他7个维度的得分均比四川常模低(均P<0.05),除一般健康状况、精力和精神健康三个维度外其他5个维度上的得分均低于杭州常模(均P<0.05).主要影响因素有:运动习惯、最终学历、慢性病史、年龄、民族、婚姻状况、体重指数、睡眠习惯和性别等.结论 我国老年人的HRQOL比一般人群低.低水平运动者、低学历者、有慢性病史者、高龄者、少数民族老年人、丧偶老年人是老年人卫生和社区服务的重点人群,在老年人健康教育中,应该提倡多运动和规律睡眠.%Objective To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL), demographic characteristics, and health behaviors of the Chinese elderly to find out high-risk population and behaviors. Methods Data was collected from a cross-sectional survey performed in Jiangsu, Anhui, Gansu,Qinghai, Fujian, Beijing, Jilin, Jiangxi, and Henan province. MOS SF-36 was used for HRQOL assessment, t test was used for HRQOL comparison between the elderly and the general population. Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the affecting factors. Results The HRQOL among the Chinese elderly were PF ( Physical Functioning) 79 ± 21, RP ( Role-Physical ) 68 ± 40, BP ( Bodily Pain) 72 ± 23, GH ( General

  14. On the Current Situation and the Enhancement of the Ecological Civilization Quality of Vocational College Students --A Case Study of the Survey on Four Higher Vocational Colleges in Fujian Province%高职学生生态文明素质现状及其提升研究——基于福建省四所高职院校的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑国诜; 李联益; 傅霞玲; 郑姝敏

    2012-01-01

    In order to have an intuitive understanding of the current quality status of ecological civilization of vocational college students, questionnaires are done in four vocational colleges in Fujian Province, which include 8 questions concerning the following three aspects:cogni- tion, emotion and attitude, behavior. Meanwhile, quality of ecological civilization of students from different vocational colleges are compared from five aspects including gender, registered residence, university location, spending levels, family background. The survey turns out the similarities and differences of the vocational college students' ecological civilization quality. The problems existing in the ecological civilization education in vocational corteges are: schools and teachers pay insufficient attention to ecological civilization education;students are not active enough to im- prove the quality of ecological civilization.Measures to enhance the quality of ecological civilization of vocational college students are as follows: building organizational system and education mechanism to enhance the quality of ecological civilization of vocational college students; ereating a campus culture of ecological civilization to help vocational college students get exposed to ecological civilization; participating in the social practice of ecological civilization to develop good behavior.%为了对高职学生生态文明素质现状有一个比较直观的认识,从生态文明认知、情感与态度、行为三方面。对福建省四所高职院校在校生各选择8个问题进行问卷调查,并从性别、户籍地、高校地理位置、花费水平、家境五个方面对高职学生生态文明素质进行比较分析,发现高职学生生态文明素质存在共性与差异。高职院校生态文明教育存在的问题为:学校与教师对生态文明教育重视不够,学生对提高生态文明素质的行动并不积极。提升高职学生生态文明素质的

  15. A Glance at Bohai Bay Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Shoubai

    1995-01-01

    @@ Chinese oil industry keeps on developing in 1994. The oil production of Bohai Bay Oil Province located in East China also keeps on growing. Geologically,the total area of Bohai Bay Basin is about 200 000 km2 and the main structural units are: Liaohe Depression, Huanghua Depression,Jizhong Depression, Linqing Depression, Jiyang Depression, Changwei Depression, Bozhong Depression,Chengning Uplift and Cangjing Uplift (see figure 1). Area of the main structural units is listed in following:

  16. Nitrate Concentration in Groundwater in Isfahan Province

    OpenAIRE

    S.F Mousavi; M. Afyuni; A. Jafari Malekabadi; Khosravi, A.

    2004-01-01

    In recent decades, the use of nitrogen fertilizers has increased irrespective of their effects on soil properties, agricultural products and, particularly, on environmental pollution. Nitrate easily leaches from soils into groundwater. The objective of this study was to determine temporal and spatial nitrate concentrations in groundwater in agricultural, industrial and urban regions in some parts of Isfahan Province. Water samples were collected monthly from 75 agricultural, industrial, and u...

  17. Wind energy in the province Friesland, Netherlands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In spite of the fact that wind energy is competitive, both technically as economically, it appears to be more and more difficult to install new wind turbine capacity in the Dutch province Friesland. The most important constraints are the limited capacity of the grid, licensing, noise pollution, and landscaping. It is expected that those constraints and objections from people living in the neighbourhood of wind turbines will get bigger

  18. Myxomycetes from Trabzon and Giresun Provinces (Turkey)

    OpenAIRE

    Ocak, İjlal; İsmet HASENEKOĞLU

    2005-01-01

    This study serves as a checklist of the myxomycetes of Trabzon and Giresun provinces, Turkey. Sixty-one myxomycete were identified, 20 of which were collected in the field and 41 grown in moist chamber culture. In addition, we report all taxa new for Giresun and Trabzon, including the following 15 taxa new to Turkey: Licea biforis Morgan, Cribraria intricata Schrad., C. macrocarpa Schrad., Lycogala exiguum Morgan, Arcyria globosa Schw., A. nigella Emoto, A. magna Rex, Trichia erecta Rex, Dian...

  19. Ornithological observations on Karadag, Konya province, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    KIRWAN, Guy M.

    1998-01-01

    Few ornithological observations are available from the isolated massifs of the Central Plateau; and for Karadag, Konya province there exists only the records of Ramsay (1914) in the summer of 1907. Observations from a visit in June 1996 are pre-sented and compared with those of Ramsay and data from other sources, principally Roselaar (1995). The total number of bird species recorded on the mountain is 53, of which 18 have been proven to breed; it seems probable that the globally threatened...

  20. Grassroots Participatory Budgeting Process in Negros Province

    OpenAIRE

    del Prado, Fatima; Rosellon, Maureen Ane D.; Florendo, Gabriel Antonio

    2015-01-01

    This paper is a narrative account and assessment of the grassroots participatory budgeting (GPB) process in three municipalities of the Negros Province, namely, Sagay City, Hinigaran, and Cauayan. The GPB process was implemented with the objective of empowering civil society organizations (CSOs) to engage with local government and national government agencies in local development planning. This study is a rapid assessment of the GPB process and involved interviews and focus group discussions ...

  1. Analysis on Temporal and Spatial Changes and Driving Forces of Poverty-Stricken Areas in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi Xiaoli; Yuan Jinguo; Wang Wei

    2005-01-01

    This paper takes poverty-stricken county as the basic unit, and selects net income per peasant to study the poverty status in Hebei Province during 1986~2000.Temporal and spatial changes of povertystricken areas are analyzed. The result shows that poverty-stricken areas in Hebei Province distributed concentratedly and the areas decreased during 1986~2000, the net income per peasant was on the rise with an increasing speed in off-poverty counties being slightly higher than that in poverty-stricken counties, but the growth rate was extremely unstable,rising slowly in off-poverty counties while dropping in poverty-stricken counties. The main driving forces that influenced temporal and spatial changes were economic development of the whole province,ecological environment quality, infrastructure conditions and radiation of the key city. On this basis, some anti-poverty countermeasures suitable to local conditions are proposed.

  2. A survey of hazardous and toxic wastes from lead and zinc industries in Zanjan province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Angoran, situated in north-west of Zanjan province is unique in Middle East in respect of its rich reserves of Lead and Zinc minerals. These valuable reserves have attracted a number of Lead and Zinc industries into the province. With the absent of a proper waste management practices, a great deal of hazardous and toxic wastes are produced which contains a high percent of heavy metals that are potential sources for soil and water pollution. In this paper, after recognition of the main sources of the pollutants, the affected and vulnerable areas are mapped using Geographic Information System. The quality and quantity of these hazardous wastes are then evaluated by sampling and analyzing the samples and by taking into account the undesirable environmental conditions faced by the province, a number of preventive and curative measures for a better waste management practices are introduced. The annual wastes produced by 22 Zinc plants in the province are calculated to be about 260000 tons of filter cake leachates, 13000 tons of Cobalt filter cake, and 6550 tons of Cadmium-Nickel filter cakes. Two active Lead factories in the province are also producing about 13000 tons of slag annually. These wastes are containing 27000 ton Zinc, 9220 ton Lead, 560 ton Cadmium and 242000 tons of other wastes, that are left in open spaces within the factory or is dumped in dry riverbeds or near river valleys.The wastes are transported and deposited by wind in the environment and are washed by rain into the river systems or are soaked into the ground polluting the underground aquifers. Based of Basel Convention, these wastes are given international codes (Y 23, Y 31, Y 26, Y 46). Possession, disposal, and recycling of such wastes must be undertaken with specific management measures

  3. Simulated water productivity in Gansu Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Jinyan; Sun, Zhongxiao; Wang, Zhan; Chen, Jiancheng; Li, Zhaohua

    Economic value of water and economic analysis of water use management in Gansu Province of China have attracted widespread public attention. With the socioeconomic development, research on water resources has become more important than before. In this study, we define "water productivity" as the changes of economic production outputs of sectoral activities in every cubic meter of water input, which is also the technical coefficient of water resource use in each sector. According to Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) framework, based on the Input-Output Table 2007 and water resources bulletin of Gansu Province, we introduced the water into the ORANI-G (A Generic Single-Country Computable General Equilibrium model) model through the nested constant elasticity of substitution (CES) production function to analyze the changes of economic productions caused by water supply changes. We then examined water productivity in different sectors. Empirical results showed that current water productivity is underestimated. Agricultural water productivity is lower than that of the secondary and tertiary industries, even although agricultural water use is the largest part of water use in Gansu Province, and therefore improving agricultural water productivity can greatly mitigate the water shortage. Simulation results indicate that industrial transformation and development of water-saving industries will also mitigate water scarcity. Moreover, sensitivity analysis shows that the empirical results are robust under different scenarios. The results also show that higher constant elasticity of substitution rate (CES) between water and other production factors will contribute to sustainable development.

  4. Microbial characteristics of food preparations in Benevento province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vittoria Ricci

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the microbiological quality of pastry products and gastronomic preparations served in food service establishments in Benevento province, Southern Italy. A total of 125 samples were collected from food service establishments. Parameters investigated were: aerobic plate counts (APCs, total Coliform bacteria counts, beta-glucuronidase-positive Escherichia (E. coli counts, Enterobacteriaceae counts, coagulase-positive Staphylococci counts, isolation of Salmonella spp., Bacillus (B. cereus counts, and isolation of Listeria (L. monocytogenes. The microbiological quality was good, with absence of the pathogens L. monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. and extremely rare presence of E. coli. The fresh pastry and the uncooked gastronomy products were the most contaminated groups; also, cooked cold-served gastronomy products were susceptible to microbiological risk, as a result of the inadequate reheating and the interruption of the warm chain. On the contrary, dried pastry and cooked warm-served gastronomy products showed an excellent hygienic profile. In fact, the amount of compliant samples was 74.4%.

  5. Analyzing Teaching Quality in Botswana and South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapire, Ingrid; Sorto, M. Alejandra

    2012-01-01

    This study focuses on quantifying the quality of mathematics teaching in 183 randomly selected sixth grade classrooms: 100 from the North West province of South Africa and 83 from South East Botswana. The teaching quality is measured by coding videotaped lessons for three different components: mathematical proficiency, level of cognitive demand,…

  6. Analysis of Factors Influencing the Development Effect of Characteristic Agriculture in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ying

    2012-01-01

    Based on 303 questionnaires of farmers in different types of areas of Henan Province, we analyze the impact of various factors (different types of areas, types of characteristic agriculture, sales of characteristic agricultural products, risk management of characteristic agricultural products, science and technology reliance, and improvement in farmers’ life) on the development of characteristic agriculture in Henan Province, using Logistic model. The results show that improving farmers’ living standards, expanding the sales channels, increasing scientific and technological input and perfecting risk management mechanism of agricultural products, is of great significance to promoting farmers’ satisfaction, and improving the development effect of characteristic agriculture. Finally, the relevant policy recommendations are put forth for the development of characteristic agriculture: increasing the government support; relying on scientific and technological progress to improve the quality of characteristic agricultural products; cultivating and improving the market system; perfecting risk management system.

  7. A Study of TQM Implementation Outcomes in Hamadan Province, District Health Systems 2000-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Hamidi

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The overall objective of this study was to determine TQM application in health systems of different countries and designing an appropriate model for Iran through experimenting in Hamadan Province District Health Systems. Its most important special objectives were: analyzing action plan for TQM and the achievements in different countries –including IRAN, primary modeling TQM and proposing it for health systems, experimenting of the mentioned above model in 8 DHSs` of Hamadan province , analyzing the results of applying TQM and at the end proposing appropriate strategy for successful implementation of TQM. This research was a semi exprimental study that after one year from applying proposed model in 8 DHSs` of Hamadan Province short-term results were evaluated. The results showed a positive change in organizational culture, teamwork, process oriented and customer satisfaction in the trial field. In a way that 42.5% of responses agreed with cultural change in organization, 45.5% claimed increasing of teams problem solving effectiveness. As a necessiation technical aspect of quality improvement projects, process capability ratio (PCR, in some process was dramatically increased, in a way that PCR in vaccination process(from 0.8 to 1.08 , health card issued(from 0.82 to 1.71, child care(from 0.5 to 1.3, health house reports(from 0.24 to 1.5 and delivery of LD&HD pill (from 0.41 to 1.48 improved. The most driving forces capable of affecting success of TQM were: committed and supportive management (87%, continuous education (85%, Strategic planning(73%,and Employee participation(65%. Considering the maintained above results, TQM implementation in Hamadan province district health systems, not only increased quality of key processes, but also created positive culture change.

  8. Study on Sustainable Development Capability of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren Ziping; Luo Qishan; Wang Yanchun; Deng Hongbing; Zhao Jingzhu

    2005-01-01

    Based on the indicator system of Sustainable Development ( SD ), Shandong Province was selected as an example for assessment with AHP method and the standard year was 1978. The conclusion was that Shandong Province' s ability of SD was being strengthened step by step, and there were also some restrictive factors, and according to the basic conditions of Shandong Province, countermeasures and strategy of SD were put forward.

  9. Political Ideology and Economic Freedom across Canadian Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian; Potrafke, Niklas

    This paper examines how political ideology influenced economic freedom in the Canadian provinces. We analyze the dataset of economic freedom indicators compiled by the Fraser Institute in 10 Canadian provinces over the 1981-2005 period and introduce two different indices of political ideology...... leftist and rightwing governments concerning the role of government in the economy and (2) indicates that ideological polarization concerns governments but less parliamentary fractions in the Canadian provinces. ...

  10. Measuring the competitiveness of the provinces of Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarado, Rafael

    2011-01-01

    The aim in this paper is constructs an index of competitiveness for the provinces (PCI) in Ecuador. The CPI measures the structural and institutional conditions that cause the provinces competitiveness. This index can be used as an indicator larger than the rate of growth of GDP or per capita income to measure the productive capacity of the provinces and the standard of living of its inhabitants. Factors included are economic, human capital, geography, infrastructure, institutions and markets...

  11. Evaluation of the Rural Human Settlement in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Hong; Shen Meiyu; Chen Xiangxiang

    2012-01-01

    Taking Shandong Province as the research object, this paper uses the principal component analysis method to evaluate the status of the rural human settlement in Shandong Province. It establishes the evaluation index system of the rural residential environment in Shandong Province, including living environment, economy, infrastructure, public service facilities, and ecological environment, in total five comprehensive index, and 20 second~ ary indexes. Through measurement and sorting of rural human environment development level of Shandong Province in 2010, the 17 cities are divided into-excellent, good, ordinary, poor-four development areas and are analyzed based on the restriction factor in the development of the region.

  12. 对商业银行拓展优质个贷客户的思考——以黑龙江省建设银行为例%Commercial Banks to Expand High - quality Customers of a Loan --A Case of Heilongjiang Province Construction Bank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关玉娟

    2011-01-01

    Stability and expand high -quality commercial bank customers that is one of the means to improve competitiveness, which is a commercial bank based on the hook. Commercial banks in the expansion of the public high - quality customer must also expand to the private high - quality customers, develop high - quality customers to the private key is to develop a credit - quality customers.%稳定并拓展优质客户是商业银行提高竞争力的手段之一,是商业银行立足之本。商业银行在拓展对公优质客户的同时,还必须拓展对私优质客户,拓展对私优质客户的关键是拓展优质个贷客户。

  13. Determining the Quality of Sleep in Menopausal Women and Factors That Disturb the Quality of Sleep

    OpenAIRE

    Çetinkaya Şen, Yeşim

    2005-01-01

    This study was designed to determine the status of sleep quality in Turkish women of menopausal age group in an Afyon Province sample, and to determine the factors causing sleep disturbances in menopausal women. Women Diagnosing Form and Sleep Apnea Symptoms Determining Form, Menopausal Signs Screening List, Beck Depression Scale, and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index were used as data collecting tools. Sampling of the study consisted of all the women living in the district of 2...

  14. Hydrogeologic Provinces for California based upon established groundwater basins and watershed polygons.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Ten hydrogeologic provinces of California are represented by a region- class feature called "provinces" within this digital data set. These provinces were...

  15. Cancer survival in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sriamporn, S; Black, R J; Sankaranarayanan, R; Kamsa-ad, S; Parkin, D M; Vatanasapt, V

    1995-05-01

    Thailand is one of the few developing countries for which population-based cancer survival data are available. Using clinical follow-up information and reply-paid postal enquiries, 10,333 residents of Khon Kaen province registered with cancer in the period 1985-1992 were followed-up to the end of 1993. The sites of the most common cancers in the province were liver (5-year relative survival rate 9.2%), cervix (60.1%), lung (15.4%), breast (48.1%) and large bowel (41.9%). Results for Khon Kaen were compared with age-standardized survival data for the US and Scotland. Survival was consistently higher for US whites compared to Khon Kaen residents for those cancers whose prognosis is associated with early diagnosis (breast, cervix and large bowel) or the availability of intensive therapy (leukaemia and lymphoma). The main implication of these results for cancer control in Thailand is that the interventions of greatest potential benefit are those designed to promote early detection. More than one-third of all cancers in Thailand are liver tumours: primary prevention through control of hepatitis-B infection and liver fluke infestation is the only effective strategy for their control. PMID:7729937

  16. Investigation and Study on Employment Status of Migrant Workers in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Ji-ying; Wang Yao

    2015-01-01

    With the gradual acceleration of urbanization speed and continuous improvements of agricultural productivity, the number of migrant workers is increasing. The living conditions of this group in cities determine the quality of urbanization in China, and are of great and far-reaching significance to Chinese construction of comprehensive well-off society. This study took the migrant workers in Heilongjiang Province as the research object, and took the representative new-generation migrant workers as the respondent to have a comprehensive analysis of the employment status. The study focused on these aspects, such as nature information, employment selection, employment quality, and social security, etc. Finally, it provided valuable ideas and methods on the reasonable solutions of the employment problems of the migrant workers to better increase farmers' income and improve their living qualities.

  17. Across-province standardization and comparative analysis of time-to-care intervals for cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nugent Zoann

    2007-10-01

    and appropriate inclusion criteria that were robust across the agencies that did not result in an overly selective sample of patients to be compared. Comparisons of data across three provinces of the selected time-to-care intervals identified several important differences related to treatment and access that require further attention. Expanding this collaboration across Canada would facilitate improvement of and equitable access to quality cancer care at a national level.

  18. Designing a Model that Female Entrepreneurs Face with Higher Education Centers in Tehran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mehdi Mirdamadi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study chiefly aims to design the model of challenges females entrepreneurs are face with higher education centers in Tehran province. To achieve the major objective and on the basis of the designed conceptual model, examination of the participants’ attitudes about the impact of components of quality challenges, entrepreneurship instructors, training methods, financial supports, individual factors, legal factors and cultural factors on females entrepreneurs development at the higher education centers in Tehran province were addressed as the minor purposes. with regard to the challenges the Iranian universities are facing with, besides a questionnaires were distributed among 100 female students studying entrepreneurship at University of Tehran as well as female students participated in training workshops of entrepreneurship skills at Al-Zahra university, the items of challenges the women entrepreneurship development are facing with were measured at the higher education centers of Tehran province. After the data analysis, the obtained results were reported in terms of rate of impact per one unit increase in each challenge over decrease in women entrepreneurship development. To test the research hypotheses (challenges affecting the purpose, the bivariate regression test was adopted and the level of significance for each challenge was determined. Additionally, for testing the conceptual model, the structural equation modeling was used via the LISREL software. Appropriateness of the model and compliance with the empirical data then were attested.

  19. The Obstacles,Paths and Mechanisms of the Sustainable Development of Farmers’ Cooperatives in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the description of the major role played by famers’ cooperatives in developing rural economy and in increasing the income of farmers,the obstacles of the sustainable development of famers’ cooperatives in Hebei Province are introduced.Firstly,the cooperative mechanism is imperfect;secondly,the development is substandard;thirdly,the coverage of preferential policy is limited;fourthly,the capitals and financing problem are difficult;fifthly,the operation is single;sixthly,the construction of marketing channels is the weak;seventhly,the professional talents are scarce.The sustainable development paths of famers’ cooperatives in Heibei Province are analyzed.Firstly,conducting value-added processing and taking the way of materialized development,industrialized operation and enterprise-style management;secondly,implementing agricultural quality and brand strategy and moving into the high level market;thirdly,constructing modern agricultural marketing and taking the road of supermarket agriculture;fourthly,enforcing the management of information and getting efficiency from information;fifthly,developing recycling agriculture and taking the way of improving resource efficiency.There are five ways for establishing the operational mechanism of sustainable development of farmers’ cooperatives in Heibei Province.The government should innovate the cooperation mechanism;innovating training and education mechanism;innovating production mechanism;innovating financial mechanism;innovating marketing mechanism.

  20. Analysis on Characteristics and Functions of the Peasant Workers’ Returning Home for Venturing in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Features and effects of returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province are analyzed.Returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province depends on traditional agriculture to develop the quantitative business of planting and breeding,local resources to develop the processing of building materials and agricultural products,small towns to develop service industry such as catering and tourism and the capital accumulated when working in the outside to achieve the transformation from an ordinary worker to an entrepreneur.Returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province promotes the employment and expends ways of transferring rural labor force and increasing incomes.Advantageous recourses are attracted to the rural and underdeveloped areas,which is beneficial to narrowing the gap between the urban and rural areas.It can also promote the transformation of agricultural developmental methods and speed the pace of building modern agriculture.And a group of talents with higher qualities are provided for new rural construction through the modeling and leading role.Entrepreneurship and urbanization are combined together to advance the process of rural urbanization.

  1. A review of Spanish uranium resources and recent developments in the province of Salamanca

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uranium exploration activities in Spain carried out during the 1950-1992 period, led to the discovery of a number of deposits in different geological environments. Presently there is only activity at the FE area in Salamanca province, where the only remaining mining centre is located. A new dynamic leaching processing plant with a capacity of up to 950 t U3O8 t/year began operation in 1993, at FE mine. The development and planning of the mining in the open pits of ENUSA (province of Salamanca, Spain) under the present low market prices, has led to the implementation of a working scheme, based on the following concepts: Detailed knowledge of the distribution and quality of the mineralization by sufficiently close spaced drilling, with 3D positioning and grade estimation by deviation and gamma ray probing. Use of either geostatistical or arithmetical grade interpolation techniques, properly validated with production, adapted to the density of the information available. Economic optimization of the open pit, by means of the 3D Lerchs-Grossmann technique, as a guide for the final pit design. Calculation of the optimal pit shapes and recoverable resources under different price conditions. These techniques implemented by means of computerized data acquisition and processing systems, are used to face with versatility, the present economic conditions. A full review of the uranium deposits in the province of Salamanca is being carried out with these means. (author). 18 figs

  2. Assessment of natural arsenic in groundwater in Cordoba Province, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francisca, Franco M; Carro Perez, Magalí E

    2009-12-01

    Groundwater in the central part of Argentina contains arsenic concentrations that, in most cases, exceed the value suggested by international regulations. In this region, Quaternary loessical sediments with a very high volcanic glass fraction lixiviate arsenic and fluoride after weathering. The objectives of this study are to analyze the spatial distribution of arsenic in different hydrogeological regions, to define the naturally expected concentration in an aquifer by means of hydrogeochemistry studies, and to identify emergent health evidences related to cancer mortality in the study area. The correlation between arsenic and fluoride concentrations in groundwater is analyzed at each county in the Cordoba Province. Two dimensionless geoindicators are proposed to identify risk zones and to rapidly visualize the groundwater quality related to the presence of arsenic and fluoride. A surface-mapping system is used to identify the spatial variability of concentrations and for suggesting geoindicators. The results show that the Chaco-Pampean plain hydrogeologic region is the most affected area, with arsenic and fluoride concentrations in groundwater being generally higher than the values suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO) for drinking water. Mortality related to kidney, lung, liver, and skin cancer in this area could be associated to the ingestion of arsenic-contaminated water. Generated maps provide a base for the assessment of the risk associated to the natural occurrence of arsenic and fluoride in the region. PMID:19165608

  3. Application of Telemedicine in Gansu Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Hui; Wang, Hongjing; Guo, Tiankang; Bao, Guoxian

    2016-01-01

    Telemedicine has become an increasingly popular option for long-distance health care and continuing education. As information and communication technology is underdeveloped in China, telemedicine develops slowly. At present, telemedicine consultation centers are situated mainly in developed cities, such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. In many less developed regions, such as northwest China, the conditions or related facilities are not available for the application of a better medical service. Accordingly, the aim of this paper was to introduce the construction and application of a telemedicine consultation center in Gansu Province in the northwest of China. In addition, the function of Gansu Provincial Telemedicine Consultation Center on emergency public events was introduced. As a whole, there was a great demand for telemedicine service in the local medical institutions. In the telemedicine consultation center, the telemedicine equipments and regulations were needed to be improved. The function of telemedicine service was not fully used, there was a large space to be applied and the publicity of telemedicine service was important. What is important was that telemedicine played a significance role in promoting the medical policy reform, improving the medical environment and launching the remote rescue in the emergency public events. This paper emphasizes the health care challenges of poor regions, and indicates how to share the high-quality medical service of provincial hospitals effectively and how to help residents in resource-poor environments. PMID:27332894

  4. Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuchao Yang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China. Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government.

  5. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangSongpei

    2005-01-01

    A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the wholecountry, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,

  6. STATISTICAL SUMMARY: EMAP-ESTUARIES LOUISIANIAN PROVINCE - 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    This statistical summmary of the ecological condition of the estuarine resources is based on the results of the 1993 Louisianian Province Demonstration Project. The population of estuarine resources with the Louisianian Province consists of all estuarine areas located along the c...

  7. Integrated Coastal Management in the Province Ca Mau - Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stoop, B.; Bouziotas, D.; Hanssen, J.L.J.; Dunnewolt, J.; Postma, M.G.

    2015-01-01

    The province of Ca Mau is the southernmost part of Vietnam and the Mekong Delta. The water system of Ca Mau faces multiple challenges, both in its coastal zone and in its inland regions. the coastal zone in the province. In view of this, this study presents an integrated approach for combined coasta

  8. Province of Ontario nuclear emergency plan. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Province of Ontario Nuclear Emergency Plan has been developed pursuant to Section 8 of the Emergency Plans Act, 1983. This plan replaces the Province of Ontario Nuclear Contingency Off-Site Plan (June 1980) which is no longer applicable. The wastes plan includes planning, preparation, emergency organization and operational responsibilities and policy

  9. Review on wheat mutation breeding in Shandong province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The history, achievements and current status of wheat mutation breeding in Shandong province are briefly reviewed. The common used techniques and steps for mutation breeding of wheat are introduced. Suggestions and prospect of wheat mutation breeding in Shandong province are listed. (authors)

  10. Measuring Convergence using Dynamic Equilibrium Models: Evidence from Chinese Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pan, Lei; Posch, Olaf; van der Wel, Michel

    determine equilibrium dynamics. The inference on the structural parameters is done using a maximum-likelihood approach. We estimate our model using growth and population data for China’s provinces from 1978 to 2010. We report heterogeneity in the speed of convergence both across provinces and time. The...

  11. Impact of the June 2013 Riau province Sumatera smoke haze event on regional air pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewi Ayu Kusumaningtyas, Sheila; Aldrian, Edvin

    2016-07-01

    Forest and land fires in Riau province of Sumatera increase along with the rapid deforestation, land clearing, and are induced by dry climate. Forest and land fires, which occur routinely every year, cause trans-boundary air pollution up to Singapore. Economic losses were felt by Indonesia and Singapore as the affected country thus creates tensions among neighboring countries. A high concentration of aerosols are emitted from fire which degrade the local air quality and reduce visibility. This study aimed to analyze the impact of the June 2013 smoke haze event on the environment and air quality both in Riau and Singapore as well as to characterize the aerosol properties in Singapore during the fire period. Air quality parameters combine with aerosols from Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) data and some environmental parameters, i.e. rainfall, visibility, and hotspot numbers are investigated. There are significant relationships between aerosol and environmental parameters both in Riau and Singapore. From Hysplit modeling and a day lag correlation, smoke haze in Singapore is traced back to fire locations in Riau province after propagated one day. Aerosol characterization through aerosol optical depth (AOD), Ångstrom parameter and particle size distribution indicate the presence of fine aerosols in a great number in Singapore, which is characteristic of biomass burning aerosols. Fire and smoke haze even impaired economic activity both in Riau and Singapore, thus leaving some accounted economic losses as reported by some agencies.

  12. The Problems Existing in Building of Rural Community in Jilin Province and Corresponding Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses some problems existing in building of rural community in Jilin Province as follows:the funds for community building are short;the residents show sluggish participation in community;the infrastructure community building is backward;the organizational building of community lags behind;the operating mechanism is in chaos.Finally,corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward as follows:we should strengthen the funds guarantee of government for community building;we should reinforce the quality education for the rural residents;we should speed up the construction of rural infrastructure;we should improve organizational building of rural community.

  13. 1:500 Scale Aerial Triangulation Test with Unmanned Airship in Hubei Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new UAVS (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System) for low altitude aerial photogrammetry is introduced for fine surveying and mapping, including the platform airship, sensor system four-combined wide-angle camera and photogrammetry software MAP-AT. It is demonstrated that this low-altitude aerial photogrammetric system meets the precision requirements of 1:500 scale aerial triangulation based on the test of this system in Hubei province, including the working condition of the airship, the quality of image data and the data processing report. This work provides a possibility for fine surveying and mapping

  14. Dimensions of water contamination in the subprovinces of Adana province, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    TANIR, Ferdi; AKÇİMEN, Beril; Köksal, Fatih; Aytaç, Necdet; CENGİZLER, İbrahim

    2011-01-01

    To determine the dimension of the contamination of the drinking and utility water in the touristic Bahçe district of the Karataş subprovince of Adana province, and to share our views on how to raise the quality of the water in the district. Materials and methods: In 2007 and 2008, 80 samples were taken 8 times, on a seasonal basis, from the drinking water and sea water of the Bahçe district. Eleven organic and inorganic parameters were measured and presented following a comparison with crit...

  15. Status and Trends of GAP Base Construction of Chinese Materia Medica in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Ping; LAI Xiao-ping; XU Hong-hua; DU Qin; WANG Jian-gang; YING Ge; LIAO Hui-jun; DAI Lei; SHAO Yan-hua

    2012-01-01

    It is one of the key points for modernization and internationalization of traditional Chinese medicines to construct the Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) base of Chinese materia medica (CMM).GAP helps to minimize contamination and improve the quality of CMM during the plantation and the production of Chinese crude drugs.In this article,the status and development of CMM production bases of GAP in Guangdong Province,China,are presented.The suggestions upon the problems during the development of GAP for Chinese crude drugs are also provided.

  16. 1:500 Scale Aerial Triangulation Test with Unmanned Airship in Hubei Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feifei, Xie; Zongjian, Lin; Dezhu, Gui

    2014-03-01

    A new UAVS (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System) for low altitude aerial photogrammetry is introduced for fine surveying and mapping, including the platform airship, sensor system four-combined wide-angle camera and photogrammetry software MAP-AT. It is demonstrated that this low-altitude aerial photogrammetric system meets the precision requirements of 1:500 scale aerial triangulation based on the test of this system in Hubei province, including the working condition of the airship, the quality of image data and the data processing report. This work provides a possibility for fine surveying and mapping.

  17. Developmental Strategies of Betel Nut Industry in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental status of the betel nut industry is introduced, including cultivation situation, processing and development situation, and consumer market situation. The result shows that the cultivation of betel nut in Hainan Province develops rapidly and the primary processing of betel nut has formed certain scale, but the deep processing of betel nut is backward. Except for the mino amount of the betel nuts consumed by Hainan Island, a large majority of the betel nuts are processed into dry fruit to sell to Hunan Province to reprocess. The problems exist in the development of betel nut industry in Hainan Province are analyzed, covering blind cultivation, extensive management, backward processing, lagged new product development and the single and concentrated consumer market. The strategic choice of developing the betel nut industry of Hainan Province is analyzed as well. Hainan Province should carry out the green, sustainable, diversified, cooperative and export-oriented industrial developmental strategy.

  18. The Development Model of Agricultural Insurance in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pu; YOU

    2014-01-01

    The agricultural economy in Anhui Province is developing so fast,but farmers are severely affected by the frequent occurrence of natural disasters. The current agricultural insurance mode is not suitable,therefore,the research on agricultural insurance modes of Anhui Province helps to promote the steady development of the agricultural production. Starting from situation of agricultural insurance in Anhui Province,learning from both experience of foreign country and the latest successful domestic modes,we try to put forward agricultural insurance mode framework which is suitable for Anhui Province. Based on the actual situation of Anhui Province,it is necessary to adopt the mode of government leading combined with agricultural mutual aid rather than copy the existing mode.

  19. Impacts of shoreline erosion on coastal ecosystems in Songkhla Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nipaporn Chusrinuan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Songkhla Province is located on the eastern coast of the southern Thai Peninsula, bordering the Gulf of Thailand for approximately 107 km. Most of the basin’s foreshores have been extensively developed for housing, tourism and shrimp farming. The beaches are under deteriorating impacts, often causing sediment transport which leads to an unnaturally high erosion rate. This natural phenomenon is considered to be a critical problem in the coastal areas affected by the hazard of coastal infrastructure and reduced beach esthetics for recreation. In this study, shoreline changes were compared between 1975 and 2006 using aerial photographs and Landsat imageries using Geographic Information System (GIS. The results revealed that 18.5 km2 of the coastal areas were altered during the period. Of this, 17.3 km2 suffered erosion and 1.2 km2were subjected to accretion. The most significant changes occurred between 1975-2006. Shoreline erosion was found at Ban Paktrae, Ranot District, with an average erosion rate of 5.3 m/year, while accretion occurred at Laem Samila, MuangSongkhla District with an average accretion rate of 2.04 m/year. The occurrences of shoreline erosion have contributed to the degradation of coastal soil and water quality, destruction of beach and mangrove forests, loss of human settlements and livelihood.These processes have led to deterioration of the quality of life of the residents. Prevention and mitigation measures to lessen economic and social impacts due to shoreline erosion are discussed.

  20. Epidemiological and Clinical Study of Phenylketonuria (PKU) Disease in the National Screening Program of Neonates, Fars Province, Southern Iran

    OpenAIRE

    H Ganjekarimi; M Fathzadeh; Senemar, S; B Tarami; Bazrgar, M

    2009-01-01

    "nBackground: Classic phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare metabolic disorder that results from a deficiency of a liver enzyme known as phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). In this study, we researched about PKU epidemiological factors and health quality of patients after the neonatal screening program."nMethods: Neonatal screening for PKU was conducted by one neonatal screening center in Fars Province, in Shiraz Paramedical University. All Fars infants must refer only to this center, in whi...

  1. Assessing sustainability of organic apple orchards. The case of small scale apple production in Ningxia Province, PR China

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Louisa

    2014-01-01

    China produces 43% of the world apple supply, but low fruit quality remains a problem for export of table fruit. Ningxia province is also facing challenges such as low soil fertility, poor orchard infrastructure and inadequate institutional support for small-scale apple producers. The study was carried out to assess a. the sustainability of organic apple orchards and b. the potential role of Organic and Fair Trade certification to contribute to farm sustainability and improve socio-economic o...

  2. Characteristics and significance of ductile shear zone in Tianli, Jiangxi Province and Youxi, Zhejiang Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The result of experiment show that 40Ar/39Ar plateau age of muscovite which is from Tianli petrofabric in Guanfeng county, Jiangxi Province is 1019 +- 0.9 Ma, and 40Ar/39Ar plateau age of biotite which is from migmatite in Youxi petrofabric Jiangshan county, Zhejiang Province is 501.2 +- 2.2 Ma, and the heat event age is 127 Ma. The research shows that they are two larger scale ductile shear zones. The 40Ar/39Ar plateau ages represent respectively the forming time of Tianli ductile shear zone and Youxi ductile shear zone. According to the age data and regional geological investigation analysis, they belong separately to the part of two tectonic units of Yangtze and south China. It also shows that Jiang-Shao tectonic zone undergoes multiphase orogeny which are Jinning, Caledonian, Indosinian and Yanshanian epoch. It is of geological significance for re-understand again the crust evolution of south China

  3. Quality Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/criteria.html MedlinePlus Quality Guidelines To use the sharing features on this ... materials must also meet our existing quality guidelines. Quality, authority and accuracy of health content The organization's ...

  4. Agricultural Investment Environment in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The features of ageing,low educational level and female domination on the part of agricultural labor forces,determine that the sustainable development of agriculture can not rely entirely on farmers,who are engaged in dispersed planting and small-scale operation,therefore,improving agricultural investment environment,and taking positive measures to promote diversification of the main body of agricultural investment,is the key to the healthy development of agriculture.From four aspects(the industrial base of agriculture,arable land resource conditions,capital investment capacity,input of means of production),this article establishes evaluation indicator system of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi Province,and based on this,make recommendations for improvement of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi.

  5. Development of the Alligator Rivers Uranium Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mining and milling of the uranium ore deposits in the Alligator Rivers Province will depend on open-cut and underground mining operations and well-established treatment techniques. The Ranger Project has Government development approval and major site construction commenced following the end of the 1978/79 wet season. Present indications are that normal commercial production of 2 540 t U/a should occur towards the end of 1981. The Ranger Joint Venturers have stated that when it is commercially practicable production will be increased to 5 080 t U/a. The Nabarlek Project also has development approval and production is to commence in the latter half of 1980 at approximately 920 t U/a. The Jabiluka and Koongarra Projects have not yet been given Government development approval

  6. Medicinal plants used in Kirklareli Province (Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kültür, Sükran

    2007-05-01

    In this paper, 126 traditional medicinal plants from Kirklareli Province in Turkey have been reported. One hundred and twenty six plant species belonging to 54 families and among them 100 species were wild and 26 species were cultivated plants. Most used families were Rosaceae, Labiatae, Compositae and the most used plants were Cotinus coggyria, Sambucus ebulus, Achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica, Hypericum perforatum, Matricaria chamomilla var. recutita, Melissa officinalis subsp. officinalis, Juglans regia, Thymus longicaulis subsp. longicaulis var. subisophyllus, Malva sylvestris, Urtica dioica, Plantago lanceolata, Rosa canina, Ecballium elaterium, Artemisia absinthium, Viscum album subsp. album, Papaver rhoeas, Helleborus orientalis, Cydonia oblonga, Prunus spinosa subsp. dasyphylla, Rubus discolor, Sorbus domestica. A total of 143 medicinal uses were obtained. The traditional medicinal plants have been mostly used for the treatment of wounds (25.3%), cold and influenza (24.6%), stomach (20%), cough (19%), kidney ailments (18.2%), diabetes (13.4%). PMID:17257791

  7. Geochemistry of volcanic series of Aragats province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this contribution we discuss geochemical and isotope characteristics of volcanism of the Aragats volcanic province and possible petrogenetical models of magma generation in collision zone of Armenian highland. We talk about combination of some specific features of collision related volcanism such as dry and high temperature conditions of magma generation, that demonstrate some similarities to intraplate-like petrogenesis and presence of mantle source enriched by earlier subductions, indicative to island-arc type magma generation models. Based on comprehensive analysis of isotope and geochemical data and some published models of magma generation beneath Aragats we lead to a petrogenetic model of origin of Aragats system to be a result of magma mixture between mantle originated mafic magma with felsic, adakite-type magmas

  8. Dengue virus serotype in Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paisal

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available WHO estimated 50 million dengue infections happen every year in the world. In Indonesia, there were 90,245 DHF cases on 2012 with 816 deaths. In the Province of Aceh, 2,269 cases happened in the same year. This study aimed to identify dengue virus serotype in Aceh. Sampling was done in Kota Banda Aceh Hospital, Kota Lhokseumawe Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Hospital, and Kabupaten Simeulue Hospital between May to December 2012. This was a clinical laboratory research with observation design using cross sectional approach. Research’s population was sample from patients with dengue clinical symptom. Using purposive sampling technique, we have collected 100 samples from the five hospitals (20 samples from each hospital. From RT-PCR, we found 16 positive samples (9 samples were DENV-4, 3 samples were DENV-1, 2 samples were DENV-2, and 2 samples were DENV-3.

  9. QUALITY ASSESSEMENT OF ANTE-NATAL CARE USING THE METHOD OF LOT QUALITY ASSURANCE SAMPLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh. Salarilak

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available To determine the coverage rate, timeliness and quality of ante-natal care in rural areas under the coverage of Health Houses in West Azerbaijan province, 30 Health Houses (HH were randomly selected out of 731 HH in the province. In each HH, using the method of Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS 28 women having recently born babies was selected. Data were collected using check-list for facilities, and questionnaires and forms to be completed from the files by interview. The study showed that the method of LQAS is quite effective for evaluation of this service at HH level. The weighted total coverage of ante-natal care was 46.2%. Quality of care was acceptable for 53.9% of mothers. The weighted average of time lines of care was 49.8%. Availability of facilities in delivery of this service was 100%, showing there was no short coming in this respect.

  10. Managing Quality

    CERN Document Server

    Kelemen, Mihaela L

    2002-01-01

    Managing Quality provides a comprehensive review and critical analysis of quality management discourses and techniques by drawing on a number of management disciplines such as operations management, HRM, organizational behaviour, strategy, marketing and organization theory. The book: - introduces readers to key concepts and issues in quality management - provides an overview of both managerial and critical perspectives on quality management - presents the 'wisdom' of quality management gurus - documents the way quality is pursued in manufacturing, service and public sector organizations - comp

  11. Analysis of Factors Influencing Comprehensive Productivity of Agriculture in Henan Province on the Basis of Grey Correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the data from Henan Statistical Yearbook from 2002 to 2008, from production capital, production conditions, labour inputs and financial support, this paper selects 11 variables influencing comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province. Through calculation and analysis of grey correlation of variables and comprehensive productivity of agriculture, this paper determines the impact of different variables on comprehensive productivity of agriculture. The results show that the agricultural capital has become the most important factor influencing comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province, while the impact of production conditions, labour inputs and financial support on comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province diminishes in turn. Corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward to promote the sustainable development of comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province as follows: strengthen agricultural financial system building, and ensure agricultural production expenditure; scientifically arrange allocation of agricultural resources, and improve agricultural production conditions; carry out training of agricultural skills, and elevate the quality of agricultural labour forces; increase financial expenditure for agricultural production, and optimize financial expenditure structure.

  12. Evaluation of Forest Resource Quality Based on Forest Management Inventory Data——A Case Study of Mingyueshan Forest Farm in Anfu County, Jiangxi Province%基于森林资源二类调查数据的森林资源质量评价——以江西安福县明月山林场为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张邦文; 郑世跃; 欧阳勋志; 韩天一; 房焕英; 赵芳

    2011-01-01

    森林资源质量评价有助于及时掌握森林资源的动态,为政府决策和企业制定森林经营方案等提供依据.以森林资源二类调查数据为评价依据,分别为商品林和公益林构建了林场级的森林资源质量评价指标体系,并运用层次分析法确定了各指标的权重;采用模糊综合评判法对安福县明月山林场的森林资源质量进行实例评价.结果表明:林场商品林资源质量为中等水平,商品林主要限制因子是林分蓄积生长量和年龄结构;公益林资源质量为优等,同时也存在幼龄林比重过大等问题;对林场森林资源总体而言,其质量处于中等水平,但整体上向可持续的方向发展.%Evaluation of forest resource quality is helpful to grasp its dynamics, providing references for the government to make decision and compilation of forest management plan. Dealing with commercial forest and public benefical forest reqpectively, the index system of forest resource quality evaluation was built based on the forest resource inventory data, the index-weight was determined with hierarchic analysis process; using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, the forest resource quality was evaluated, taking Mingyueshan forest farm in Anfu County for example. The results showed that, the quality of the commercial forest belonged to the middle level, the limiting factors were stand volume growth and trees' age structure; the quality of the publicbenefical forest belonged to the high level, the limiting factor was the large proportion of young forest. The forest resource quality of the whole forest farm belonged to the middle level, the forest resource quality on the whole forest farm was sustainable.

  13. Product Quality and Worker Quality

    OpenAIRE

    John M. Abowd; Kramarz, Francis

    1995-01-01

    We study the relation between product quality and worker quality using an economic model that, under certain conditions, provides a direct link between product price, product quality and work-force quality. Our measures of product quality are the evolution in the detailed product price relative to its product group, and the level of the product price relative to this group. Our worker quality measures are the firm's average person effect and personal characteristics effect from individual wag...

  14. Product Quality and Worker Quality

    OpenAIRE

    Abowd, John M.; Françis KRAMARZ; Moreau, Antoine

    1996-01-01

    We study the relation between product quality and worker quality using an economic model that, under certain conditions, provides a direct link between product price, product quality and work force quality. Our measures of product quality are the evolution in the detailed product price relative to its product group and the level of the product price relative to this group. Our worker quality measures are the firm's average person effect and personal characteristics effect from individual wage...

  15. Contribution on the Tabanidae (Diptera Fauna of Antalya Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Altunsoy

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, carried out 35 species in Antalya province. Totally 35 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Silvius alpinus, Chrysops viduatus, Atylotus loewianus, Tabanus atropathenicus, T. bifarius, T. cordiger, T. darimonti, T. glaucopis, T. leleani, T. lunatus, T. maculicornis; T. miki, T. portschinski, T. prometheus, T. spodopteroides, T. tinctus, T. sudeticus, Hemotopota italica, H. ocelligera, H. pallens, and H. subcylindrica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Antalya province reaches to 52 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

  16. Strategic environmental assessment of energy planning tools. A study of Italian regions and provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SEA has been applied in different ways in EU energy and environmental planning instruments, because different member states have interpreted European Directive 2001/42/CE in a variety of ways. Italy, for example, has only recently completed the integration of the directive into its legislation, through a number of decrees which were approved between 2006 and 2010. As a result SEA practice in Italy is very fragmented, particularly with respect to energy planning, and needs to be steered towards homogeneous quality objectives. The aim of this paper is to study the quality of the SEA reports on the energy and environmental planning tools used by Italian regions and provinces. We study nine cases and use the methodology suggested by Fisher (2010) in his review of the quality of SEA. To be more precise, we integrate the views of external evaluators with those of a selection of the personnel directly involved in preparing the plans. Our results show that there are some differences in the quality scores given by the outsiders and insiders, although the two groups identified similar strengths and weaknesses in implementing SEA. - Highlights: • This is a comparative study on SEA report quality within Italian energy planning tools. • In Italy, the level of SEA implementation on energy planning is still poor. • External academic experts and internal officers assessed SEA reports' quality. • Outsiders and insiders unveil a similar judgement. • Most critical remarks concern consultation, monitoring measures, and follow-up

  17. SWOT Analysis of Industrial Development of Double-low Rapeseed in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on SWOT analysis method,this paper conducts analysis on the industrial development environment of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province from the following four aspects,in order to crystallize its resources advantage and disadvantage and make it know the opportunities and challenges that it is faced by.First,advantage analysis:excellent geographic conditions,vigorous government support,powerful scientific research force,sound industrial system support;second,disadvantage analysis:poor quality,low-level fine and deep processing,scant publicity and promotion,lagged infrastructure conditions,shortage of effective market access mechanism and sound industry regulation,no brand effect;opportunity analysis:the opportunities brought by low-carbon economy,the opportunities brought by consumers’ preference,the opportunities brought by policy environment,the opportunities brought by establishment of strategic union;threat analysis:fierce external competition,continuous decline of comparative benefit.The results of research show that in order to promote industrial development of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province,we should implement brand effect strategy,quality management strategy and strategy of deepening industrial system,give full play to existing geographic advantage and other advantages,grasp scarce opportunities and actively confront challenges.

  18. Sources of Stress for Nurses in Neonatal Intensive Care Units of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Valizadeh

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Stress is one of the main factors affecting one's efficiency as well as staff health and quality of nursing services. Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs can be stressful environments for nurses, infants and families as well. Since there is no evidence in this regard in Iran, the present study aimed to determine stress levels related to care delivering in NICU from the viewpoint of nurses in NICUs of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran during 2011.Methods: This was a descriptive study including a purposive sample of 110 nurses working in NICUs of hospitals in East Azerbaijan Province. The data collection tool was a self-report questionnaire. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were assessed by content validity and Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α = 0.84.Results: According to factor analysis, the stressors included environmental and nurse and human factors. Stress sources in total and separately in each category were reported as moderate. The mean and 95% confidence interval of the factors in the categories were 2.75 (0.84; 2.59-2.91 and 3.21 (0.72; 3.07-3.35, respectively. Therefore, human factors caused significantly higher levels of stress compared to environmental factors (p < 0.05. Conclusion: Stressors involved in NICU nursing include environmental and human factors. Planning to remove or reduce their impact can improve the quality of nursing services in intensive care units and, thus, decrease the adverse effects of stress on workers.

  19. 高职毕业生就业质量分析与对策--以广东省某高职示范院校为例%Analysis and Countermeasures of the Quality of Higher Vocational Graduates’ Employment---Taking a vocational college in Guangdong Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李绮雯

    2015-01-01

    In the background of higher vocational graduates’ high employment rate, it is the direction of the hard work for the higher vocational graduates to pay attention to the employment quality. The paper was analyzed the graduates employment quality status and existing problems, then found out the reasons, and putted forward countermeasures to further enhance the employment quality of vocational graduates, so as to promote the employment of higher vocational graduates and the sustainable development of higher vocational education.%在高职毕业生高就业率的背景下,关注高职毕业生的就业质量是高职院校毕业生就业工作努力的方向。通过对高职毕业生就业质量状况以及存在的问题分析,找出问题产生的原因,提出进一步提升高职毕业生就业质量的对策,从而促进高职毕业生顺利就业,促进高职教育可持续发展。

  20. Highlights from Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Although the extraction of mineral wealth has been the major influence in the history of Johannesburg and the surrounding Witwatersrand regions (with about 45% of all gold ever mined coming from there), the discovery of now-famous hominid fossils at the Sterkfontein Caves, and the convening of the world's largest-ever conference on environment and development, are setting a new stage for the future. The United Nations began the second Development and Environment Conference in Johannesburg on August 26, 2002. This meeting addresses the implementation of international goals to fight poverty and protect the global environment that were established at the first such conference held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Johannesburg summit involves about forty thousand participants, and perhaps 100 world leaders. One of several official opening ceremonies for the conference was held at the Sterkfontein Caves to recognize the outstanding universal value of the paleo-anthropological fossils found there.These views from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) highlight a number of the land use, vegetation, and geological features found within Gauteng Province (including the urban center of Johannesburg and the capital city Pretoria) and parts of the North West and Free State Provinces. The image on the right displays vegetation in red hues and is a false-color view utilizing data from MISR's near-infrared, red and blue bands. Both the natural-color view (left) and the false-color version were acquired by MISR's nadir camera on June 16, 2002. The urban areas appear as gray-colored pixels in the natural-color view, and exhibit colors corresponding with the relative abundance of vegetation found in the urban parts of this arid region.The mountains trending east-west near the center of the images extend from Pretoria in the east to Rustenberg in the west. These ranges, the Magaliesberg and Witwatersberg, separate the low-lying, hotter bushveld to the north from the cooler

  1. Power Quality

    OpenAIRE

    Eberhard, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Electrical power is becoming one of the most dominant factors in our society. Power generation, transmission, distribution and usage are undergoing signifi cant changes that will aff ect the electrical quality and performance needs of our 21st century industry. One major aspect of electrical power is its quality and stability – or so called Power Quality. The view on Power Quality did change over the past few years. It seems that Power Quality is becoming a more important te...

  2. Quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality checks are essential to assure production of high quality plants and to have end-users confidence. Quality standards require the establishment of suitable tests to maintain quality control. The choice of explant source, freedom of the donor plant from viruses, disease causing fungi, bacteria, viroids, phytoplasmas, vigour and conformity of the variety, and elimination of somaclonal variants are critical for maintaining plant quality. Variety identification by proper labeling at all stages is essential to ensure varietal identity. (author)

  3. Hazelnut oil consumption of families in the central town of Ordu province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat SAYILI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a comparative analysis of consumption of edible oil of families in Central Town of OrduProvince. In addition, factor analysis was conducted on factors which affect the consumption of hazelnut oil. The data used in the study in January 2013 was a result of a survey conducted with 272 people. According to the survey, the most consumed oils, butter (71.32% and hazelnut oil (61.76%, which is the amount of total fatconsumption of 6.71 kg/month per family and 1.89 kg/month per person. Families with more than 5 littercontainers prefer buying oil. Hazelnut oil is thought to be healthy and of good quality too much is consumed by local people. As a result of factor analysis, three factors (image and highly attractive, odour and low weight, quality and health affecting hazelnut oil consumption has been collected under the title.

  4. Comparative Study on Property Income of Farmers in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Hong

    2012-01-01

    According to statistic data of Shaanxi Province during 1997 to 2010,I conducted a comparative analysis on farmers’ property income from region,urban and rural factors and structure,established regression model,and studied the relationship between farmers’ property income and gross income.Results show that the growth of average property income of farmers in Shaanxi Province is clearly slow,and the gap is widening from the average national level;except 2001 and 2002,the average property income of urban and rural residents of Shaanxi Province kept a great difference;the proportion of rural residents’ property income is very small,basically not higher than 3%;there is a significant correlation between the property income and gross income of farmers in Shaanxi Province.Energetically developing rural economy and increasing farmers’ property are favorable to growth of farmers’ property income.

  5. Geologic provinces of Iran, 2000 (prv2cg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set includes arcs, polygons, and polygon labels for geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by R.M. Pollastro based on numerous...

  6. South America Province Boundaries, 1999 (prv6ag)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — South America is part of Region 6 (Central and South America) for the World Energy Assessment. South America was divided into 107 geologic provinces as background...

  7. Alumina Producers in Shandong Province Allied to Win Negotiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Faced with the soaring bauxite price,five alu- mina producers in Shandong Province jointly established Shangdong Bauxite Import Compa- nies Club to gain a better position in price ne- gotiation with foreign counterparts by getting

  8. STRATEGY OF MAIZE'S CONCENTRATING TO ADVANTAGE AREAS IN JILIN PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Hui-ming; GU Li-li

    2003-01-01

    Jilin Province is one of the main grain-producing provinces of China, which has dominant position in maize production, by the view of its advantages in policy, location, breed and market. And after entering WTO,some measures have been taken to enhance maize competitive ability. But there are some difficulties in concentrating production to maize advantaged areas. This paper expounds the basis that Jilin Province becomes the advantage area of maize, analyzes the problems and puts forward the supporting policy. Some strategic measures are proposed,as developing comparable advantages, carrying out the strategy of un-equilibrium development and cultivating advantaged product areas of maize to rapidly improve the international competitive ability and productivity of maize in Jilin Province, cast the agricultural predicament off and promote the agricultural development into a new stage.

  9. Geologic Provinces of the Far East, 2000 (prv3al)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the Far East (China, Mongolia, North and...

  10. Geologic Provinces of Southeast Asia, 2000 (prv3bl)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of Southeast Asia (Brunei, Indonesia,...

  11. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #3

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  12. Development Strategy of Sugarcane Industry in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yue-gui; WU Jian-tao; YANG Jun-xian; LI Qi-wei; XIE Jing; PAN Fang-yin; WU Wen-long; LIU Fu-ye; DENG Hai-hua; QI Yong-wen

    2012-01-01

    Guangdong Province is one of the main producing areas of sugarcane in China, and one of China’s three regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, having good basis and conditions for developing sugarcane industry. In this research, using the SWOT-AHP method, we set 20 assessment indicators (such as the regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, huge demand for domestic sugar, increased production costs and backward system of sugarcane), to analyze the development strategy of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, from strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of sugarcane industrial development in Guangdong Province. The results show that in order to promote the development of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, it is necessary to adopt the SO development strategy (relying on its own strengths and using favorable external environment), to achieve the rapid development.

  13. Induced Institutional Transition of Contract Farming in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the process of institutional transition of contract farming in Shandong Province. The changes in preparatory stage of contract farming express in: One, the information asymmetry of the two sides of the contract is reducing; Two, the security system of contract farming tends to be perfection; Three, the organizational form of contract farming tends to be simplification. The measures taken in production stage of agricultural product are as follows: The first is investment in means of production; The second is perfection of field management; The third is soundness of quality test. The measures taken in purchase stage of agricultural product are as follows: First, product is developing from preliminary working to intensive processing; Second, leading enterprises develop to large-scale and standard. The changes in profit distribution stage of contract farming are as follows: First, the profit relationship between enterprises and peasant households turns from opposition to mutual benefit. Second, the means of default issues turn from emotional self-discipline to rational self-discipline. Performance of contract farming is analyzed: First is putting forward the transformation of agricultural operational form; Second is reducing the uncertainty; Third is truly realizing the risk sharing and participation of interest. The defect of institutional transition of contract farming is discussed: First is no longer the operational form that benefits many farmers; Second is still the typically incomplete contract; Third is expansion of capability gap of business game between leading enterprises and farmers; Fourth is the still existence of information asymmetry; Fifth is informal institution falling behind formal institutional arrangement. The corresponding countermeasures are put forward: First is developing professional cooperation; Second is completing land circulation system; Third is constructing honest information system; Fourth is building social

  14. Soil Enzyme Activities under Agroforestry Systems in Northern Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan Fuxu; Chen Ping

    2004-01-01

    The authors presented the enzyme characteristics of catalase, sucrase, urease and alkaline phosphatase under agroforestry systems in northern Jiangsu Province. The results show that soil enzyme activities reduce gradually from top to bottom layer of the soil profile, and the fluctuations of catalase and urease are smaller than those of sucrase and alkaline phosphatase. Soil enzyme activities differe significantly in different samples, and the order is arranged as poplar-crop intercropping segment (A, D) > paulownia-crop intercropping segment (B, C) > CK. Furthermore, soil enzyme activities increase with intercropping age. On the other hand, in the same plot, there are closer relationships between enzymes in the soil samples. Catalase, alkaline phosphatase and urease are negatively related, while alkaline phosphatase and urease are positively related (except in samples B and C). In addition, the enzyme activities have a close relationship with the fertilizers. Catalase is positively correlated with the soil pH value (r = 0.854, 0.804, 0.078 and 0.082, respectively), and is negatively correlated with total N (r = -0.201, -0.529, -0.221 and -0.821, respectively), total P (r = -0.143, -0.213, -0.362 and -0.751, respectively) and available P (r = -0.339, -0.351, -0.576, and -0.676, respectively). Sucrase, urease and alkaline phosphatase are negatively correlated with the pH value, while positively correlated with the other fertilizers (r ≈ 1). The authors suggest that enzyme activity will be a great potential as an indicator of soil quality.

  15. Quality guidance and quality formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Carsten Stig; Juhl, Hans Jørn; Kristensen, Kai;

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents an extension of the quality guidance model of Steenkamp and van Trijp that includes consumer quality formation processes. Quality expectations and quality experiences are seen as antecedents of perceived overall product quality conceptual model is applied using LISREL to a data...... set on Danish butter cookies. Five plausible models of the relation between expectation, experience and perceived product quality are estimated. Finally one model is selected on the basis of three criteria: chi-square, RMSEA and AIC: The results show a model where expectations are indirectly related...... to perceived quality through experience. Udgivelsesdato: APR...

  16. Overview of Land Consolidation in Anhui Province and Recommendations

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Wei; Yu, Zhongxiang

    2015-01-01

    The land consolidation projects in Anhui Province have brought huge economic and social benefits and made active contribution to increasing integrated grain productivity, stabilizing farmland area, increasing farmers’ income, accelerating new socialist countryside construction, and promoting integrated urban and rural development. With more than ten years of exploration and attempt, land consolidation, reclamation and development of Anhui Province has established relatively complete policy,...

  17. Infertility in Mazandaran province - north of Iran: an etiological study

    OpenAIRE

    Nadali Musanejad; Gholamali Jursarayee; Ayyub Barzegarnejad; Sepideh Peivandi; Narges Moslemizadeh; Amir Esmailnejad Moghaddam; Abbasali Karimpour Malekshah

    2011-01-01

    Background: The prevalence and etiology of infertility are not similar in different parts of the world. There are only few reports of this topic in Iran. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the clinical patterns and major causes of infertility in Mazandaran province in north of Iran. Materials and Methods: The medical records of 3734 consecutive couples attending two infertility clinics in Mazandaran province, from 2003 to 2008, were reviewed. The couples had not had a viable bir...

  18. Evaluation of Congenital Hypothyroidism in Fars Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Hamdollah Karamifar; Mehrsadat Alavi; Zohreh Karamizadeh; Hedyeh Saneifard; Golmhossein Amirhakimi

    2012-01-01

    Objective In Iran thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) based neonatal screening program is included in health care services from 2005 for detection of patients with primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH). This study was performed for a critical evaluation of the screening program primary congenital hypothyroidism in Fars province, Iran. Methods From November 2006 to September 2007, TSH serum concentrations of 63031 newborns, 3 to 5 days old born in Fars province, were measured by heel prick. The...

  19. DEA Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Tang, Yao-yan; Cai, Dui

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of summarizing some literatures regarding research of agricultural production efficiency by using DEA at home, we conduct empirical analysis on agricultural production efficiency in 18 cities or counties of Hainan Province in the year 2002, 2005 and 2008 by using DEA model. The results show that in 2005 Hainan Province suffered from unusual drought and windstorm, which made the effective value of agricultural production in all cities or counties relatively low; the regions with D...

  20. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Peng, Ziyun; LI, Dantong; Rui CHEN; Qian, Min; Chen, Yiqi; YANG, Hongjun

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant, it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then, it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate, location and price advantages, but due to lack of product stan...

  1. The Path Analysis of Farmers' Income Structure in Yunnan Province

    OpenAIRE

    XIAO, Yongtian; Cui, Yu; HU, Lijia

    2015-01-01

    The problem of farmers' income growth is the key of issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers, so the farmers’ income growth is the fundamental starting point for agricultural and rural economic development. In this paper, we use the statistics concerning farmers' income in Yunnan Province from 1995 to 2012, to perform the path analysis of components of farmers' income in Yunnan Province, study the path of influence of components of farmers' income on farmers' net income, and t...

  2. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta in the Opole Province (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stebel Adam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp. Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  3. ICT Strategic Planning for Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Shojaie

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Today, regarding rapid changes in the environment, any organization, institution or country that overlooks its capabilities, strengths and weaknesses, will face real challenges. Strategic planning in organizations is a common response to these challenges which also facilitate achieving goals in an organization. Today, the importance of ICT is increased, which necessitates ICT strategic planning to use ICT in organizations. So, this study aimed to propose ICT strategic plans for Mazandaran province. For this end, at first using stakeholders' viewpoints, the vision, mission and goals are provided. Then, Internal & External Matrix was suggested and identified factors were ranked using Analytic Network Processing (ANP. Then, concerning strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and using SWOT analysis, ICT strategies were provided. Finally, using QSPM matrix, the strategies were ranked. Regarding this ranking, dedicated budget to ICT in governmental organizations, using integration architecture, developing organizational and inter-organizational information systems, developing mechanisms to absorb national and local financial resources for extending ICT infrastructures and finally concerning ICT trainings for managers and people, were in the top of the list.

  4. Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna FLAIM

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The Trentino Province (Italy has more than 320 lakes diverse in size, geological substrate, altitude and trophic status, and representing most physico-chemical types of temperate lakes. A recent research project (SALTO offered the opportunity to study the dinoflagellate flora of 27 of these water bodies representing all lake types. In this paper 34 taxa of dinoflagellates assigned to eight genera (Ceratium, Glenodiniopsis, Glochidinium, Gymnodinium, Gyrodinium, Peridinium, Peridiniopsis and Tovellia in five families (Ceratiaceae, Glenodiniopsidaceae, Gymnodiniaceae, Peridiniaceae and Tovelliaceae and four genera of uncertain collocation (Baldinia, Borghiella, Durinskia and Staszicella are described. Two previously undescribed species and two new combinations are also included. Classification is based in part on Popovsk´y and Pfiester (1990, modified according to the results of recent molecular and ultrastructural analyses. Dinoflagellate taxonomy is currently undergoing extensive revision, and taxonomic decisions in the present article follow the recent orientations in dinoflagellate systematics. The taxonomical issues of the more problematic genera are discussed. Where appropriate, comments on ecological features of the species are also given.

  5. Municipal solid waste management in Cartago province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia M. Soto-Córdoba

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper resumes the principals results obtained by the grant EUROPEAID/126635/M/ACT/CR”, that was realized by FUNDATEC, and whose bene­ficiary was the “Federación de Municipalidades de Cartago, Costa Rica”, the Project received a funding of 74,920 euros. We work with all the Municipalities of the Cartago Province. In addition, we show the results of the interviews of social actors, visits to the recycle sites, visits of municipalities, during the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, and the review of literature. We describe the actual situation of the management of solid waste in Cartago, determinate the gene­ration rates by person and identified the principal landfill disposes, the recycle companies and deter­minate the main problems associated with the solid waste. It is hope that the information presented here, pro­vides the basis for the future construction of plans of municipal solid waste management, and for the capacitation of community organization in the pro­vince of Cartago.

  6. Church Tourism in Batangas Province, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAYZEL ANN. T. DE CASTRO

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Church tourism has clearly increased over the past ten years. Churches are an important part of the tourism product of many parts of the country. This study aimed to determine the contribution of the churches in terms of social, cultural and economic aspects of the place, to identify the problems encountered in the promoting church tourism and propose plan of action to sustain the tourism of the Province of Batangas through churches. The researchers used the descriptive method of research and utilized self-made questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument of the study. The respondents were consisting of 5 people in the offices of the pilgrim churches from Batangas City and 10 churchgoers. The respondents agree that pilgrim churches contribute to tourism in terms of social and economics aspect while they strongly agree in term of cultural aspect. The most commonly experienced problems were the accessibility of the transportation and an action plan was proposed to address the problems encountered. The recommendation addressed that roving guards should be provided to ensure the safety and security of the tourists during their visit in the church. The church personnel may provide creative and command activities that will encourage people. Also they may have a briefing about the history of the church so that if visitor needs information it easy for them to answer and an action plan may be implemented to solve the problem encountered.

  7. 豫中浓香型烤烟香气质量与中性致香成分关系分析%Analysis of Relationships between Neutral Aroma Constituents and Aroma Concentration and Quality in Flavor Enriched Flue-cured Tobacco in Central Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊丽; 叶协锋; 赵莉; 张腾; 李佳颖; 王伟宁; 于建军

    2012-01-01

    To determine material basis for the impact of aroma concentration and quality of flue-cured tobacco, using partial correlation analysis, path analysis, and stepwise regression analysis, the authors carried out quantitative relations analysis between neutral aroma constituents and concentration and quality of aroma in flue-cured tobacco. The results showed that regression model of quality of aroma and concentration of aroma of great significance were established, and both of these were significant at 1% level. 16 kinds of representative neutral aroma constituents in flue—cured tobacco had different direct influence on quality and concentration of aroma. Megastigmatrienone-3 had the greatest direct positive influence on concentration of aroma, megastigmatrienone-2 had the greatest direct negative influence on quality of aroma. Megastigmatrienone-2 had the greatest direct positive influence on concentration of aroma, (3 —damascenone had the greatest direct positive negative influence on concentration of aroma. Megastig— matrienone—1, phenylethanol, furfural and neophytadiene had direct influence on quality of aroma. Pseuaoinonone, benzaldehyde, 2-acetyl pyrrole and solanone had direct negative influence on concentration of aroma.%为确定影响香气质、香气量的中性致香成分的物质基础,采用偏相关分析、通径分析和逐步回归的分析方法,研究了烤烟香气质、香气量与中性致香成分的关系.结果表明,建立的香气质、香气量2个回归方程经显著性测验均达到极显著水平.烟叶中的18种中性致香成分对香气量、香气质直接影响各不相同.香气质受巨豆三烯酮3直接正面影响最大,而受巨豆三烯酮2直接负面影响最大;香气量受巨豆三烯酮2直接正面影响最大,而受巨豆三烯酮3直接负面影响最大.对香气质、香气量起直接正面影响作用的有巨豆三烯酮1、苯乙醇、糠醛以及新植二烯,对香气质、香气

  8. Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Permian Basin Province of West Texas and Southeast New Mexico, 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Cook, Troy A.; Pawlewicz, Mark J.; Klett, Timothy R.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Harry E.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently assessed the undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Permian Basin Province of west Texas and southeast New Mexico. The assessment was geology based and used the total petroleum system concept. The geologic elements of a total petroleum system are petroleum source rocks (quality, source rock maturation, generation, and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphy, petrophysical properties), and traps (trap formation and timing). This study assessed potential for technically recoverable resources in new field discoveries only; field growth (or reserve growth) of conventional oil and gas fields was not included. Using this methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 41 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas and a mean of 1.3 billion barrels of undiscovered oil in the Permian Basin Province.

  9. SOIL QUALITY CHANGES FOLLOWING FOREST CLEARANCE IN BENGKULU, SUMATRA

    OpenAIRE

    Handayani, I. P.

    2004-01-01

    Intense destruction and degradation of tropical forests is recognized as one of the environmental threats and tragedies. These have increased the need to assess the effects of subsequent land-use following forest extraction on soil quality. Therefore, the objective of this study is to evaluate the impacts of land-use type on soil quality properties in Bengkulu Province, Sumatra. Soil samples were collected from adjacent sites including natural secondary forest, bare land, cultivated land and ...

  10. Soil physical quality of Mollisols quantified by a global index

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Javier Ghiberto; Silvia Imhoff; Paulo Leonel Libardi; Álvaro Pires da Silva; Cassio Antonio Tormena; Miguel Ángel Pilatti

    2015-01-01

    Indicators synthesizing the state of the structural quality and the function of the porous system are useful for assessing soil production capacity as well as the way it may serve natural ecosystems. This research aimed (i) to determine indicators of the state and function of the porous system, (ii) to use them to derive a global index to characterize the soil physical quality, and iii) to establish a reference pore-size distribution curve for Mollisols from the province of Santa Fe (Argentin...

  11. The Teles Pires volcanic province: A paleogeoproterozoic silicic-dominated large igneous province in southwest Amazon craton and tectonic implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are important features of the Earth history especially recognized during Paleo to Mezosoic times when they are related to the break up of supercontinents (Coffin and Eldhom, 1994). These provinces occur in several different tectonic settings such as volcanic passive margins, submarine ridges and continental and oceanic plateaux. Mafic-dominanted provinces are the most well known among the LIPs and the best examples are the Karoo, Kerguelem and Ontong-Java. LIPs including an important silicic component have been described in some basaltic provinces of southern Africa (Milner et al. 1992). More recently, silicic-dominated LIPs have been recognized in eastern Australia (Bryan et al., 2000), in southern South America (Pankhurst et al. 1998) and in Antartica Penninsula (Riley and Leat, 1999). The common characteristics of this kind of LIP include: 1) large volume of silicic rocks with dominance of ignimbrites, 2) active over 40 to 50 m.y.; and 3) spatially and temporally associated with plate break up. In this paper we present the main geologic and geochronologic characteristics of the Teles Pires volcanic province from southwest Amazon Craton, which allow its classification as a Paleoprotorozoic silicic-dominated LIP. Geologic implications of this suggestion includes the existence of a large cratonic plate as old as 1.81Ga for the Amazon Craton, therefore the proposed 1.85-1.55 Ga magmatic arc of Rio Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed (au)

  12. Flora of soil fungi in Khuzestan province\\\\\\'s oil regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    vida dawoodi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available   Introduction: Many Species of fungi with ability to metabolize of petroleum hydrocarbons are known so far. These fungi are resistant in oil contaminated sites.This investigation aims at studying fungal population diversity in oil contaminated soils of Khuzestan province and identifying fungal flora in these regions .   Materials and methods: Crude oil contaminated soil samples were collected from different regions of Khuzestan province. For isolation and enumeration of total heterotrophic fungi, Potato Dextrose Agar medium supplemented with streptomycine was used. The isolated fungi were identified via morphological studies, staining by lactophenol cotton blue, observation with a light microscope and comparing with descriptive and canonizative refereces .   Results: Total fungal counts ranged from 0.41 × 102 to 3333.33 × 102 CFU/g. Isolated fungi belong to Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Candida, Rhodotorula, Aureobasidium, Mucor, Rhizopus and Acremonium. Most dominant genera were Aspergillus and Penicillium .   Discussion and conclusion : Studies on isolation of fungi in oil containing environments showed that, abundance and fungal diversity in different stations significantly were different. The increase in the number of fungi in crude oil soils showes the probability of degradation and consumption of oil contaminated by fungi. Diversity and distribution of soil microbial population are determined by a number of environmental factors such as pH, electrical conductivity and soil organic matter .  

  13. Quality Costs

    OpenAIRE

    Ion Stanciu; Emilia Pascu

    2014-01-01

    Costs related to quality is an important tool for valuing quality, a potential source of profit maximization organization.They are a tool to optimize processes and activities relevant to quality because through them it is possible to identify inefficient activities, critical points in the development process. Thus, there may be more robust, concrete or improvement actions required in a particular sector of the enterprise. Quality has a cost, and this fact can not be denied. At the same time, ...

  14. Provincial soil-quality monitoring networks in the Netherlands as an instrument for environmental protection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Busink, E.R.V.; Postma, S.

    2000-01-01

    Since 1991, several provinces in the Netherlands have put much effort in establishing soil-quality monitoring networks. The purpose of these networks is to provide insight in the trends in (geochemical) soil quality, on which new policies for environmental protection can be based, such as restrictio

  15. Quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, B.M.; Gleckler, B.P.

    1995-06-01

    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the quality assurance and quality control practices of Hanford Site environmental monitoring and surveillance programs. Samples are analyzed according to documented standard analytical procedures. This section discusses specific measures taken to ensure quality in project management, sample collection, and analytical results.

  16. The Relationship of Soil Major Nutrients and Output, Quality of JM22 in Northwest in Shandong Province%鲁西北地区土壤主要养分因子与济麦22产量和品质的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘淑云; 谷卫刚; 唐研; 封文杰; 刘延忠; 代兴龙; 朱建华

    2011-01-01

    摘要:在县域范围内,选取12个有代表性的试验点,分析了有机质、全氮、硝态氮、有效磷、速效钾与济麦22产量与品质的关系.结果表明:土壤氮素水平是决定济麦22能否获得高产的关键;土壤磷、钾肥水平是决定籽粒蛋白质品质的重要因素,籽粒湿面筋对土壤养分的需求与蛋白质类似,主要差异体现在对土壤硝态氮含量的需求上.在保证高产的条件下,磷钾的配合施用,尤其是钾肥的施用是济麦22获得优质的关键.本试验条件下,样点9的土壤肥力水平最值得推荐.%The 12 representative test points were selected in Lingxian County. The relations about organic matter, total nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, available phosphorus, quick-acting potassium and output, quality of JM22 were analyzed.The results showed that soil nitrogen levels contributed to output of JM22. The available phosphorus, quick-acting potassium levels were the major factors on effecting protein of JM22, the saline characteristic of kernel wet gluten was similar to the protein, but their saline characteristic of nitrate nitrogen were different. Under ensuring high conditions,potassium and phosphate fertilizing, especially the phosphate fertilizing were key to get high quality of JM22. The experimental condition, the soil fertility level of the sample 9 was most worth to recommend.

  17. Analysis of the Quality of Hotel Rooms from Perspective of Customer Satisfaction Taking Taizhou City of Jiangsu Province as an Example%我国酒店客房卫生现状分析与对策--以江苏泰州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧; 朱发考; 缪勇战

    2015-01-01

    以泰州市星级酒店及连锁酒店为例,采用问卷调查和统计分析方法,研究客房卫生的顾客满意度。结果表明:客房整体满意度较高,却隐含较多不满意现象,客人并未直接使用毛巾和水杯,其满意度与客房卫生的整体满意度之间的差异有统计学意义。究其原因,主要是顾客认知、客房质量、监管不力等因素造成,据此提出建议。%By taking the star hotels and hotel chains as examples,questionnaire and statistical analysis are used to give a survey about customer satisfaction for the room hygiene. The results show that room satisfaction is higher on overall,but some dissatis-faction is implicated. For example,guests do not use the towels and cups of the hotels. It suggests that differences between the overall satisfaction of customer satisfaction and room sanitation have statistical significance. So the reasons are mainly caused by the customer cognition,room quality,the ineffective supervision and so on. Finally,a specific recommendation about how to im-prove the quality of guest rooms in hotels is given.

  18. Municipal solid waste management in Kurdistan Province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abduli, Mohammad Ali; Nasrabadi, Touraj

    2007-03-01

    Kurdistan Province, with an area of 28,203 square kilometers, is located in a mountainous area in the western part of Iran. From 1967 to 1997, the urban population in the major eight cities of the Kurdistan Province-namely, Baneh, Bijar, Divan Darreh, Saghez, Sanandaj, Ghorveh, Kamyaran, and Marivan-increased from 102,250 to 705,715. The proportion of the population residing in urban areas increased 90 percent during this period. In most of the cities, solid waste handling remains primitive, and well-organized procedures for it have not been established. Traditional methods of disposal, with marginal inclusion of modern conveniences, appear to be the common practice. In general, the shortcomings of the prevailing practices can be summarized as follows: The municipal solid waste management systems (MSWMSs) in this province include unsegregated collection and open dumping of municipal solid wastes. Separation of municipal solid waste in this province is in the hands of scavengers. The MSWMSs in this province lack essential infrastructure. Thus, design and implementation of modern MSWMSs in this province are essential. Principal criteria for and methods of implementing these systems are as follows: (1) rationally evaluating all functional elements so that they operate in a steady-state or equilibrium manner; (2) creating all support elements for the MSWMS in each city; (3) introducing gradual privatization of MSWMS activities; (4) creating guidelines, regulations, and instructions for all elements of MSWMSs; and (5) giving priorities to source separation and recycling programs. This paper reviews the present status of MSWMSs in eight major cities of Kurdistan Province and outlines the principle guidelines and alternatives for MSWMSs. PMID:17390903

  19. Epidemiological analysis of traffic accident trauma in Gansu province in 1996

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张向东; 代荫梅

    1999-01-01

    Objective To analyze the epidemiologic data of traffic trauma in Gansu province in 1996 and try to find effective ways to reduce the injury.Methods The data were gathered from the General Team o the Traffic Police of Gansu Province and analyzed together with other related data.Results Although the traffic accidents in Gansu province were reduced in last two years as a result of traffic safety education,the number of casuatlties has not been evidently reduced.The number of deaths caused by traffic accidents was 983 in 1996.The main causes of these deaths were the negligence of the drivers,carelessness of the pedestrians and the bike riders,the sudden breakdown of the machine parts of the vehicles,and non-licensed driving.Among the number of deaths 69 percent was caused by violation of traffic regulations by drivers.Most of the death accidents happened at straight roads and road-crosses.The percentage was 64% and 11%,respectively.The most of deaths,about 81%,took place in sunny days.The main reason was due to the careless and exceeding-speed-limit driving.The young and middle aged were about 77% of the dead,most likely because they are the dominant group in daily work and life.Conclusions To strengthen the propaganda of traffic regulations,improve driver's moral qualities and raise the management level are very important for reducing traffic accidents.Correct and timely first aid before being hospitalized can also greatly reduce the mortality.

  20. Influence of Investment and Labour on Agriculture Sector Economy of South Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Yunani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to describe the development of investment and employment in South Kalimantan and to analyze the effect of investment and employment in the agricultural sector to GDP in South Kalimantan. This research is a quantitative study by conducting data collection at the Central Bureau of Statistics South Kalimantan Province pertaininglabour and the economy GDP Data and at Bappeda South Kalimantan and BKPMD (Investment Coordinating Board South Kalimantan related PMA and PMD data investments as well as data from the Investment Credit Bank Indonesia Banjarmasin.The results showed that the province of South Kalimantan economy during the year 2002-2011grow positively. The condition is mainly supported by a number of industries (which are labour intensive and the number of people working in agriculture, trade, and mining. However, no significant investment to GDP of Agriculture Sector in South Kalimantan was observed. Labour is still positive but not significant effect on GDP of Agriculture Sector. Taken together investment and employment significantly influence GDP of Agriculture Sector in South Kalimantan, though only 61.5% of the dependent variable explained by the independent variable, while the remaining 38.5% was explained by outside the regression model. It was suggested that the governments of South Kalimantan Province should do efforts to improve the quality of the labour force (i.e., by the local government. The role of the investment must also be adapted to the spirit of regional autonomy and should be encouraged to increase investment conducive situation, mapping the potential area and the establishment of integrated services in the unit for easy service creation and investment business license in order to avoid mistakes in investing and avoid systematic risks.

  1. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  2. Spatial distribution of cancer in Kohgilooyeh and Boyerahmad province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Fararouei

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spatial distribution of cancer is one of the powerful tools in epidemiology of cancer. The present study is designed to understand the geographical distribution of most frequent types of cancer in K&B province. Methods: All registered cases of cancer are reviewed and duplicate cases were removed. The data was analyzed using Arcgis software. Results: Of all registered cases, 1273  remained for analysis of which 57% were residences of urban areas. Cities including  Sisakht, Yasuj and Dehdsasht were shown to have highest incidence rates among the Urban areas. Dena, Sepidar and Kohmare Khaleghi had the highest rates among the rural areas in the province. Skin cancer was the most common type of cancer which had the highest rates of incidence in Sisakht and Dehdasht and Dena and Sepidar among urban and rural areas respectively. Conclusion: The distribution of cancer was not even in the province. Attitude and consumption of wild and regional plants are introduced as the potential risk factors for such a spatial distribution of the common cancers I the province. The results of this study could be used for further analytical studies to understand the regional etiology of cancer in the province.

  3. Strategies Formulation for Championship Sports In Zanjan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser Taghibigloo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to design and develop strategies of championship sports in Zanjan Province- Iran. Here, the descriptive methodology would be applied based upon the case study. The Statistical population includes the physical education professors, the managers of Physical Education departments, educated coaches and M.A students in the province. The statistical sample encompasses 36 individuals selected totally due to limited Statistical population. To collect the data, we used library resources, literature and background review,interviews and open as well as closed questionnaires. Having developed the closed questionnaire, we had the validity confirmed by the professors and their reliability wasconfirmed using Cronbach alpha Coefficient (a=0/94. For research findings analysis purpose, Friedman test and group discussion were taken into account. After identifying the most important strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in the field of championship sport and ranking them in the existing order, we selected most important ones through group discussion. Based upon the internal factors evaluation matrix (2/30 and external factors evaluation matrix (2/38, it was shown that the strategic position of the province is in WT area. Finally, regarding the research findings, specifically, the strategic status of the province, we would develop the necessary strategies for the championship sport development in theprovince through group discussion with the province authorities and elites.

  4. Hydrogeochemical investigations and groundwater provinces of the Friuli Venezia Giulia Plain aquifers, northeastern Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cucchi, Franco; Franceschini, Giuliana; Zini, Luca

    2008-09-01

    Water resources are a key factor, particularly for the planning of the sustainable regional development of agriculture, as well as for socio-economic development in general. A hydrochemical investigation was conducted in the Friuli Venezia Giulia aquifer systems to identify groundwater evolution, recharge and extent of pollution. Temperature, pH, electric conductivity, total dissolved solids, alkalinity, total hardness, SAR, Ca2+, Na+, K+, Mg2+, Cl-, SO4 2-, NO3 -, HCO3 - , water quality and type, saturation indexes and the environmental stable isotope δ18O were determined in 149 sampling stations. The pattern of geochemical and oxygen stable isotope variations suggests that the sub-surface groundwater (from phreatic and shallow confined aquifers) is being recharged by modern precipitations and local river infiltrations. Four hydrogeological provinces have been recognised and mapped in the Friuli Venezia Giulia Plain having similar geochemical signatures. These provinces have different degrees of vulnerability to contamination. The deep confined groundwater samples are significantly less impacted by surface activities; and it appears that these important water resources have very low recharge rates and would, therefore, be severely impacted by overabstraction.

  5. The Research on Countermeasures of Green Agricultural Development in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Firstly,the thesis introduces the connotation of green agriculture,indicating that the green agriculture has 4 characteristics,namely openness,continuity,high efficiency and standardization,compared with the traditional agricultural development model.Secondly,the advantages of developing green agriculture in Jiangsu Province are discussed,namely rich agricultural resources,notable technological advantage,solid agricultural foundation,high quality of agricultural products,great market prospect of green consumption,and notable policy advantage.In view of the increasing shortage of natural resources,increasing restriction of rural labor force,increasing deterioration of rural environment,inadequate popularization of green agriculture,and fierce competition at home and abroad,the restricted factors of developing green agriculture in Jiangsu Province are introduced.Finally,in view of the agricultural concept innovation,green agricultural system innovation,agricultural technology innovation,agricultural management innovation,operation system innovation,ecological system innovation,development of tourism agriculture and regional differentiation development strategy,the relevant countermeasures and suggestions are put forward,in order to explore a new agricultural development model for Jiangsu’s modern agricultural development.

  6. Comparative Research on the Rural Development Levels of 31 Provinces and Regions in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the 2010 China Statistical Yearbook,a total of 12 indicators in the aspects of residents’ production,consumption expenditure,and living conditions are selected in order to construct the indicator system of rural development level.Both factor analysis and cluster analysis methods are adopted to compare the current situations of rural development levels in 31 provinces and regions of China.Result of factor analysis shows that the 12 indicators can be classified into 4 factors,such as the income and expenditure factor,the agricultural scale and science and technology factor,the life quality factor,and the agricultural output factor.Moreover,factors affecting the rural development level of China are analyzed.Then,the 31 provinces and regions are divided into 4 categories according to the development levels in rural areas:the first category is Shanghai,Beijing and Zhejiang,which have the highest development level in rural areas;the second category includes Jiangsu,Shandong and Tianjin,which take the 4th to 6th places;the third category is Guangdong,Jilin,Liaoning,Hebei,Fujian,Heilongjiang,Henan,Inner Mongolia,Anhui,Hubei,Hunan and Jiangxi,which rank the 7th-18th;and the fourth category includes Sichuan,Hainan,Ningxia,Shanxi,Guangxi,Shanxi,Xinjiang,Chongqing,Tibet,Yunnan,Gansu,Qinghai and Guizhou,taking the 19th-31st places.

  7. Fire Behavior in Pelalawan Peatland, Riau Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BAMBANG HERO SAHARJO

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available During dry season it is easily recognized that smoke will emerge at certain place both in Sumatra and Kalimantan that is in peatland. The worst situation occurred when fire burnt buried log in the logged over area where the fire fighter did not have any experience and knowledge on how to work with fire in peatland. Finally it had been found that one of the reasons why firefighter failed to fight fire in peatland is because they do not have any knowledge and experience on it. In order to know the fire behavior characteristics in different level of peat decomposition for fire management and sustainable management of the land for the community, research done in Pelalawan area, Riau Province, Indonesia, during dry season 2001. Three level of peat decomposition named Sapric, Hemic, and Fibric used. To conduct the research, two 400 m2 of plot each was established in every level of the peat decomposition. Burning done three weeks following slashing, cutting and drying at different time using circle method. During burning, flame length, rate of the spread of fire, flame temperature and following burning fuel left and the depth of peat destruction were measured. Results of research shown that in sapric site where sapric 2 has fuel load 9 ton ha-1 less than sapric 1, fire behavior was significantly different while peat destructed was deepest in sapric 2 with 31.87 cm. In hemic site where hemic 2 has fuel load 12.3 ton ha-1 more than hemic 1, fire behavior was significantly different and peat destructed deeper than hemic 1 that was 12.6 cm. In fibric site where fibric 1 has fuel load 3.5 ton ha-1 more than fibric 1, fire behavior was significantly different that has no burnt peat found. This results found that the different fuel characteristics (potency, moisture, bed depth, and type at the same level of peat decomposition will have significantly different fire behavior as it happened also on the depth of peat destruction except fibric. The same condition

  8. PREFAB QUALITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wraber, Ida Kristina

    of building prefab wooden single family dwellings in Denmark. The main research questions are: 1) Architectural quality is commonly used in architectural discourse, but it does not seem to be a well defined concept. Is there a core of elements that form a general definition of architectural quality? 2) Prefab...... dwellings often seem to be looked upon as a lower class of dwellings - should it not be possible to build prefab dwellings of high architectural quality? 3) Wood is increasingly often seen in contemporary Danish building and is used as a cheap, strong, light and environmentally friendly material, but what...... quality of prefab wooden dwellings. This is done through a state of the art on architectural quality and a structuring of the presented theories into three theoretical clusters that are defined through three keywords each. These clusters and their keywords form a model for analysing architectural quality...

  9. 脑瘫儿童生存质量评价量表的修订与试用%Primary Application and Revision of Cerebral Palsy Quality of Life Questionnaire for Children (CP QOL-Child) for Children with CP in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳平; 张洪才; 郭新志; 曲成毅

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To import in and revise the cerebral palsy quality of life questionnaire for children (CP-QOL-child), and to provide the basic evidence for the evaluation of quality of life of children with cerebral palsy and for the evaluation of the rehabilitation effect. Methods: The questionnaire was translated exactly and revised on the basis of the Chinese basic condition. Twenty-seven children with cerebral palsy (4-9 years old) in Shanxi rehabilitation hospital for cerebral palsy were analyzed. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested by Cronbach's alpha coefficient and half-split coefficient. The validity of the questionnaire was tested by the relation coefficient of areas with the items and of areas each other. The data were inputted and analyze by SPSS. 13.0. Results: The cronbach's alpha coefficient of the questionnaire revised was 0. 916. The cronbach's alpha coefficient of every area was 0. 759-0. 889. The half-split coefficient of the questionnaire revised was 0. 690. The half-split coefficient of every area was 0. 667-0. 899. The relation coefficient of areas with the items was 0. 452-0. 888. The relation coefficient of areas with each other was 0.18-0. 62. The score of social wellbeing and acceptance was 71.06± 12.59. The score of functioning was 59.76±14.28. The score of participation and physical health was 62.64±13.34. The score of emotion wellbeing and self esteem was 65. 12±17.30. The score of participation and physical health with access for services was 49. 70± 15. 18. The score of pain and impact of disability was 63. 60 ±21.24. The score of family health was 46. 64±19.30. Conclusion: The revised native CP QOL-child has better satisfactory validities and reliabilities. The score of areas of social wellbeing and acceptance, functioning and family health of children with cerebral palsy in Shanxi rehabilitation hospital for cerebral palsy is lower.%目的:引进并修订脑瘫儿童生存质量评价量表(CP QOL-Child),为分析和

  10. Energy quality

    OpenAIRE

    Stern, David I.

    2009-01-01

    This paper develops economic definitions of energy quality for individual fuels and energy aggregates. There are both use- and exchange-value concepts as well as marginal and total measures of energy quality. A factor augmentation or quality coefficients approach corresponds to the use-value definition while indicators based on distance functions and relative prices are exchange-value based definitions. These indicators are identical when the elasticity of substitution between fuels is infini...

  11. Quaternary basaltic volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina

    The extensive Quaternary volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Mendoza, Argentina, is investigated in this study by major and trace element analyses, Sr, Nd, Hf and Pb-isotopic analyses and Zr-Hf isotope dilution data on samples from almost the entire province. The samples are mainly...... basalts from all the studied volcanic fields in Payenia is signs of lower crustal contamination indicating assimilation of, in some cases, large amounts of trace element depleted, mafic, plagioclase-bearing rocks. The northern Payenia is dominated by backarc basalts erupted between late Pliocene to late...... Pleistocene times. These basalts mark the end of a period of shallow subduction of the Nazca slab beneath the Payenia province and volcanism in the Nevado volcanic field apparently followed the downwarping slab in a north-northwest direction ending in the Northern Segment. The northern Payenia basalts are...

  12. Health Technology Assessment of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueze Liu; Jianwen Cao; Zuxun Lu

    2004-01-01

    Assess the current status of MRI in Shanxi province by health technology assessment method to provide suggestion and guidelines for future government decisions on the procurement and installation of new high-tech medical equipments. All of the 21 hospitals installed MRIs were surveyed.The results showed that 1 ) Diffusion of MRI is consistent with the economic development in different regional districts and hospital levels in Shanxi province. 2) There are better monetary returns of MRI in higher level hospitals than lower level hospitals. 3) Most MRIs in Shanxi province had been running at a loss, and the first class tertiary level hospitals had been making profit from providing MRI services to patients. 4) Better cost-benefit accorded with higher hospital level, more patients serviced etc. 5 ) The biggest investment risk is the initial purchase and installation of MRI. 6) Positive rates and veracity of MRI diagnosis were higher. 7) MRI is a safe equipment.

  13. Estimation of life expectancy in Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Roostaee

    2014-06-01

    Results: Based on the analysis of mortality data, life expectancy at birth for females and males were estimated of 71.5 (This ratio is the percentage of 12 months. 71.5, i.e. 71 years and 6 months and 68.2 years respectively, and for both sex combined, 69.7 years. These expected years as life expectancy has various values in the rank for the provinces cities. In the descending order the values of life expectancies are belong to Khash, Chabahar, Zahedan, Sarbaz, Zabol, Saravan, Nikshahr and Iranshahr cities in the given order. Conclusion: This health indicator has smallest value in Sistan and Baluchestan province in compared to other provinces and whole country as well. To increase life expectancy due to health conditions, economic efficiency and extensive planning by the authorities, planners and policy makers are required. [Int J Res Med Sci 2014; 2(3.000: 1035-1039

  14. Empirical Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the agricultural production efficiency of all cities and areas in Shaanxi Province in the period 2006-2009 using data envelopment analysis method,and compares the agricultural production efficiency between all cities and areas.The results show that the agricultural production efficiency and scale efficiency of agriculture of Shaanxi Province are high on the whole,but the efficiency of agricultural technology is very low,agricultural development still relies on factor inputs,and the driving role of technological progress is not conspicuous.Finally the following countermeasures are put forward to promote agricultural productivity in Shaanxi Province:improve the construction of agricultural infrastructure,and increase agricultural input;accelerate the project of extending agricultural technology into households,and promote the conversion and use rate of agricultural scientific and technological achievements;establish and improve industrial system of agriculture,and speed up the building of various agricultural cooperative economic organizations.

  15. Lichens from Antalya, Cankiri, Konya and Nevsehir Provinces (Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazici, K; Aslan, A; Etayo, J; Giordani, P

    2008-09-15

    A contribution to the lichen flora of Turkey is performed. A total of 171 lichen taxa (including 2 subspecies and 2 varieties) and 1 lichenicolous fungus are determined from 14 localities in Antalya, Cankiri, Konya and Nevşehir provinces of Turkey. Caloplaca scrobiculata H. Magn. is new to Turkey. Besides Caloplaca scrobiculata H. Magn. and Xanthoria sorediata (Vain.) Poelt were found for the second time in Asia. Carbonea vitellinaria (Nyl.) Hertel was found to grow on Candelariella vitellina (Hoffm.) Müll. Arg. while Muellerella pymaea (Körb.) D. Hawksw. var. athallina (Müll. Arg.) Triebel (lichenicolous fungus) on Tephromela atra (Huds.) Hafellner as parasitic. All lichen taxa found in Cankiri are new to this province (92 intraspecific taxa), while 39 new to Nevşehir, 8 new to Konya and 5 new to Antalya provinces. For every each taxon, the habitat pattern and distribution data are presented. PMID:19137828

  16. Reference dose levels for dental periapical radiography in Chonnam Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To establish reference doses of periapical radiography in Chonnam Province, Korea. The target-skin distances were measured for dental patient's 1235 exposures including 345 mandibular molar areas. Each periapical radiation exposure was simulated with exactly the same patients exposure parameters and the simulated radiation doses were measured utilizing Mult-O-Meter (Unfors Instruments, Billadal, Sweden). The measurements were done in 44 dental clinics with 49 dental x-ray sets in Chonnam Province for one or two weeks at each dental clinic during year 2006. The third quartile patient surface doses were 2.8 mGy for overall periapical exposures and 3.2 mGy for periapical mandibular molar exposures. The third quartile patient surface doses in Chonnam Province can be used as a guide to accepted clinical practice to reduce patient radiation exposure for the surveyed reference doses were below the recommended dental periapical radiography dose of 7 mGy by IAEA.

  17. The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Majka

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

  18. Survey of Rice Cropping Systems in Kampong Chhnang Province, Cambodia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Volker KLEINHENZ; Sophon CHEA; Ngin HUN

    2013-01-01

    Although Cambodia might have achieved self-sufficiency and an exported surplus in rice production,its rice-based farming systems are widely associated with low productivity,low farmer income and rural poverty.The study is based on a questionnaire village survey in 14 communes containing 97 villages of Kampong Chhnang Province from March to June,2011.It analyzes the prevailing rice-based cropping systems and evaluates options for their improvement.Differences in cropping systems depend on the distance from the Tonle Sap water bodies.At distances greater than 10 km,transplanted wet-season rice cropping system with low productivity of about 1.6 t/hm2 prevails.This deficiency can be primarily attributed to soils with high coarse sand fractions and low pH (< 4.0),use of ‘late' cultivars,and exclusive use of self-propagated seeds.To improve this cropping system,commercial ‘medium' cultivars help prevent crop failure by shortening the cultivation period by one month and complementation of wet-season rice with non-rice crops should be expanded.Areas adjacent (≤ 1 km) to the water bodies become inundated for up to seven months between July until January of each year.In this area,soils contain more fine sand,silt and clay,and their pH is higher (> 4.0).Farmers predominantly cultivate dry-season recession rice between January and April.Seventy-nine percent of the area is sown directly and harvested by combines.Adoption ratio of commercial rice seeds is 59%and yields average 3.2 t/hm2.Introduction of the second dry-season rice between April and July may double annual yields in this rice cropping system.Besides upgrading other cultivation technologies,using seeds from commercial sources will improve yield and rice quality.Along with rice,farmers grow non-rice crops at different intensities ranging from single annual crops to intensive sequences at low yields.

  19. Note on Cladonia species (lichenized Ascomycota from Ardahan province (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Osyczka

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the first report on Cladonia species from Ardahan, a north-eastern province of Turkey. A circumpolar boreal-low arctic species, Cladonia acuminata, rarely reported from Asia, and the recently described Cladonia monomorpha are reported as new for Turkey. Their detailed descriptions and taxonomical remarks are provided. Localities of other ascertained Cladonia species in the province supplement the knowledge of their distribution patterns in the country. In addition, the typically corticolous/lignicolous species Vulpicida pinastri is mentioned as also growing on primary squamules and podetia of C. pyxidata.

  20. Suicide and unemployment: a panel analysis of Canadian provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalles, João Tovar; Andresen, Martin A

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the causal relationship between suicide and unemployment. We use panel data from Canadian provinces and use recent panel econometric techniques to account for endogenous structural breaks in both the unit root and cointegration testing procedures in order to account for statistical specification issues. We find that the relationship between unemployment and suicide is context dependent. We do find positive and statistically significant relationships, but only for males in particular provinces. The relationship between unemployment and suicide is not monolithic. Rather, relationships are not always as expected for different demographic groups and all places. PMID:24579917

  1. Malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, from 2005 to 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Hualiang; Yao, Linong; Zhang, Lingling; Zhang, Xuan; Lu, Qiaoyi; Yu, Kegen; Ruan, Wei

    2015-01-01

    To summarize the changing epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, we collected data on malaria from the Chinese Notifiable Disease Reporting System (NDRS) and analyzed them. A total of 2,738 malaria cases were identified in Zhejiang Province from 2005 to 2014, of which 2,018 were male and 720 were female. Notably, only 7% of malaria cases were indigenous and the other cases were all imported. The number of malaria cases increased from 2005 to 2007, peaked in 20...

  2. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  3. Integrated Coastal Management in the Province Ca Mau - Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Stoop, B; Bouziotas, D.; Hanssen, J.L.J.; Dunnewolt, J.; Postma, M.G.

    2015-01-01

    The province of Ca Mau is the southernmost part of Vietnam and the Mekong Delta. The water system of Ca Mau faces multiple challenges, both in its coastal zone and in its inland regions. the coastal zone in the province. In view of this, this study presents an integrated approach for combined coastal and inland water management in Ca Mau, under the scope of climate and socio-economic change. Firstly, an extensive literature study is performed on the current status of both the coastal zone and...

  4. Assessing Treatment and Care in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Rural Regions of Hamadan Province in 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Khazaei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: The monitoring and evaluation status of diabetes control in Hamadan province helps manage diabetes control and prevention programs. This study was done to determine the achievement of quantitative and qualitative objectives of diabetes control in the rural areas of the province. Materials & Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional and analytical study. The sample size included 256 patients with type 2 diabetes in rural areas of the province that were se-lected by random stratified sampling method. After completing the check list, by descriptive and analytic statistics such as t-test and chi-square analysis, the data were analyzed using Stata software, version 11. Results: 49 (19.1 of the subjects were male. 47.3% of patients had a family history of diabe-tes. and 71% of patients were overweight or obese. 4.3% of patients had diabetic foot ulcers. 79% of patients had poor glycemic status. Mean systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pres-sure, fasting blood glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, HDL were, 122.6 mmHg, 74.3 mmHg, 180.5 mg/dl, 193.2 mg/dl, 189 mg/dl, 104 mg/dl and 47.3 mg/dl ,respectively. Conclusion: The results show that the level and quality of care for diabetics are far from the national standards. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2015; 21 (4:310-318

  5. Geographical information system based model of land suitability for good yield of rice in prachuap khiri khan province, thailand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Correct assessment of land is a major issue in agricultural sector to use possible capability of any land, to raise cultivation and production of rice. Geographical Information System (GIS) provides broad techniques for suitable land classifications. This study is GIS based on land suitability analysis for rice farming in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand, where the main livelihood of people is rice farming. This analysis was conducted considering the relationship of rice production with various data layers of elevation, slope, soil pH, rainfall, fertilizer use and land use. ArcView GIS 3.2 software is used to consider each layer according to related data to weight every coefficient, ranking techniques are used. It was based on determining correlation of rice production and these variables. This analysis showed a positive correlation with these variables in varying degrees depending on the magnitude and quality of these factors. By combining both data layers of GIS and weighted linear combination, various suitable lands have been developed for cultivation of rice. Integrated suitable assessment map and current land were compared to find suitable land in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province of Thailand. As a result of this comparison, we get a land which is suitable for optimum utilization for rice production in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province. (author)

  6. 浙江省城市噪声污染现状及对策研究%Current Situation and Countermeasures of Urban Noise Pollution in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜婷

    2014-01-01

    Urban noise monitoring results during the 10 years 2004-2013 is based in Zhejiang Province, analyze changes in environmental quality status of urban noise, Zhejiang Province, elaborate on the hazards of noise pollution, and the corresponding countermeasures to enhance the quality of the urban environment to improve human Habitat suggestions.%文章以浙江省2004-2013年10年间城市噪声监测结果为依据,分析浙江省城市噪声环境质量变化现状,就噪声污染的危害进行阐述,并提出相应的对策措施,为提升城市环境质量改善人居环境建言献策。

  7. Quality management and quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main common difficulties are presented found in the implementation of effective Quality Management and Quality Assurance Programmes, based on the recommendations of the IAEA International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group, the information collected by the IAEA experts participating in its meetings, and the results of the IAEA Operational Safety Review Team missions. The difficulties were identified in several areas. The most relevant root causes can be characterized as lack of understanding of quality principles and difficulty in implementation by the responsible management. The IAEA programme is described attempting to provide advice and support in the implementation of an effective quality programme through a number of activities including: preparation of practical guidelines, training programmes for management personnel, assistance in building up qualified manpower, and promoting the quest for excellence through the exchange of experience in the implementation of effective Quality Management and Quality Assurance Programmes in nuclear power plants with good performance records. (Z.S.)

  8. Wetland Purification Pattern for Surface Runoff Pollution of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanbo; ZHAO; Wenzhi; YAN; Hongwei; YAN

    2015-01-01

    Taking surface runoff of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province as research object,this paper analyzed water quality characteristics of runoff and flow rules of pollutants. It proposed using constructed wetland treatment technique in the drainage system from the perspective of effectively removing major pollutants. Using the constructed wetland k- C* model and relevant experience,parameters of constructed wetland can be obtained. The basic model is as follows: constructed wetland lies in two sides of the road,and surface runoff sewage is collected and treated separately with 1 km road section as the collection unit. The wetland area in one side is 191. 6 m2,average water depth is 0. 5 m,wetland width is 8 m,and wetland length is 24 m.

  9. Legal changes regarding childhood and adolescents’ regulation in la pampa province, focusing on operators’ voices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustina Perez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the situation of children and adolescent in La Pampa, by gathering the voices and perceptions of five civil servants from the three State powers that were interviewed and consulted about the effectiveness of the new protection law approved in 2012.Furthermore, and through an examination of the past and present norms –and the debates generated by this last one- this paper aspires to define what a comprehensive protection of children and adolescents system means and how does it work in this province.In conclusion, and despite of the discursive importance of the legislative changes and the quality of the new law, critical challenges remain in this area, especially concerning to the responsibility of addressing the problem of adolescents in conflict with the penal law and the still absent figure of the Ombudsman for Children.

  10. Integrated Assessment of Mineral Resources and Environment in Mid-South of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    On the bases of the field survey and a large number of testing data, we process the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the mine environment in the mid-south of Shandong Province using the following grade- I factors:the surface subsidence in mining area, the three wastes of mine industries, the pollution sources, the surface water pollution, the underground water pollution and the air pollution. By means of emitting factor judgment and water quality indexes, we locate pollution sources, main pollutants, pollution type and pollution grade in the study area. Using the MAPGIS, we draw a zonality map of the mine environment. This paper attempts to offer a concrete example, including valuable assessment method, data and conclusion, for the assessment of mine environment from the integrated assessment of mineral resources and mine environment.This research is oriented towards the sustainable development and the ecological environment optimization.

  11. Research on Protection Methods of Historic and Cultural Villages in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiuPing Wang; JiJun Ding; WeiZhi Chen

    2014-01-01

    By the investigation of a few historical and cultural villages in Zhejiang Province, some problems during the process of protecting these villages were found, like similar construction pattern, coarse quality of construction, etc. which caused that villages were losing their characters. For this situation, the protection method of historical cultural villages was put forward, which was that to connect excavating character of different village with maintaining spatial fabrics of historical villages, and that different classes of building should have corresponding protection approach. Some advices were proposed for repairing and promoting historic and cultural elements, natural environment, and constructing infrastructure in the village, which will provide a reference for the construction of other historical and cultural villages.

  12. Potential variability of trans-lysozyme gene rice under ecological conditions of Yunnan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chunxin YAO; Minghui XU; Wenzhong TIAN; Zuoshun TANG

    2008-01-01

    Using trans-lysozyme gene rice line D2-1-2 and its restorer Zhonghua No.9 as test materials, we studied their agronomic characters and grain qualities under two ecological conditions of Yunnan Province. The results show that there were no significant differences in the agro-nomic characters between D2-1-2 and Zhonghua No.9, but the seed setting rate and plant height of D2-1-2 were significantly lower, while the protein, amino acid and min-eral element (Ca, Fe and Zn in particular) contents in its crude grain were higher than those of Zhonghua No.9. It is suggested that there could be some potential genetic variances in the transgenic plant and the possibly induced environmental risk should be evaluated in multi-plots for several years.

  13. The role of agroforestry areas of the province of Bari in the absortion of carbon dioxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasquale Dal Sasso

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Agroforestry areas have a significant and recognized productive, socio – economic, environmental and landscape role. An important ecological function performed by these areas is the net absorption of considerable quantities of atmospheric carbon dioxide. The scientific knowledge of the CO2 assimilation capacity of agroforestry ecosystems in a territory, is a useful and innovative means to support territorial planning. In the interests of environmental sustainability, emissions from human activities carried out in a specific local context, must be adapted by the simultaneous capacity of CO2 sequestration. For the protection of environmental quality, the choice of land use should therefore optimize the circuit of interaction between emissions and absorption. This work takes into account the agroforestry areas of the Province of Bari to estimate the potential capacity to absorb CO2 and compare it, with the current emission levels.

  14. Some Environmental Consequences of Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffin, M. F.

    2009-12-01

    The formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs)—continental flood basalts, ‘volcanic’ margins, and oceanic plateaus—may impact the atmosphere, oceans, and biosphere by rapidly releasing huge amounts of particulates, magmatic volatiles (CO2, SO2, Cl, F, etc.), and potentially volatiles (CO2, CH4, SO2, etc.) from intruded sediments (e.g., carbonates, organic-rich shales, evaporites). A key factor affecting the magnitude of volatile release is whether eruptions are subaerial or marine; hydrostatic pressure inhibits vesiculation and degassing of relatively soluble volatile components (H2O, S, Cl, F) in deep water submarine eruptions, although low solubility components (CO2, noble gases) are mostly degassed even at abyssal depths. Directly or indirectly, such injections may cause changes in the atmosphere/ocean system that can lead to perturbations of atmosphere/ocean chemistry, circulation, ecology, and biological productivity. These changes can be global in extent, particularly if environmental conditions were at or near a threshold state or tipping point. LIPs may have been responsible for some of the most dramatic and rapid changes in the global environment. For example, between ~145 and ~50 Ma, the global ocean was characterized by chemical and isotopic variations (especially in C and Sr isotope ratios, trace metal concentrations, and biocalcification), relatively high temperatures, high relative sea level, episodic deposition of black shales (oceanic anoxic events), high production of hydrocarbons, mass extinctions of marine organisms, and radiations of marine flora and fauna. Temporal correlations between the intense pulses of igneous activity associated with LIP formation and environmental changes suggest more than pure coincidence. The 1783-84 eruption of Laki on Iceland provides the only historical record of the type of volcanism that constructs transient LIPs. Although Laki produced a basaltic lava flow representing only ~1% of the volume of a typical

  15. Magmatic systems of large continental igneous province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharkov, Evgenii

    2014-05-01

    Large igneous provinces (LIPs) of the modern type are known from the middle Paleoproterozoic and have a great abundance in the Phanerozoic. The most researches considered their appearance with ascending of the mantle thermochemical superplumes which provided simultaneously eruption of the same type of lavas on the huge territories. Judging on presence among them different subprovinces, formation of concrete magmatic systems were linked with protuberances (secondary plumes) on the superplumes surfaces. We suggest that origin of such plumes was linked with local enrichment of upper part of the superplumes head beneath roofing by fluid components; it led to lowering of the plume material density and initiated ascending of the secondary plumes. As a result, their heads, where partial melting occurred, can reach the level of the upper crust as it follows from absence of lower-crustal rocks among xenoliths in basalts, although mantle xenoliths existed in them. Important feature of LIPs is presence of two major types of mafic lavas: (1) geochemical-enriched alkali Fe-Ti basalts and picrites, and (2) basalts of normal alkalinity (tholeiites) with different contents of TiO2. At that the first type of mafites are usually typical for lower parts of LIPs which initially developed as continental rifts, whereas the second type composed the upper part of the traps' cover. Magmatic systems of the LIPs are subdivided on three levels of different deep: (1) zones of magma generation, (2) areas of transitional magma chambers where large often layered intrusive bodies are formed, and (3) areas on surface where lava eruptions and subvolcanic intrusions occurred. All these levels are linked by feeder dykes. The least known element of the system is area of magma generation, and, especially, composition of melting substratum. Important information about it is contained in aforementioned mantle xenoliths in alkali basalts and basanites. They practically everywhere are represented by two

  16. Afterschool Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Charles; Akiva, Tom; McGovern, Gina; Peck, Stephen C.

    2014-01-01

    This chapter discusses efforts to define and improve the quality of afterschool services, highlighting areas of agreement and identifying leading-edge issues. We conclude that the afterschool field is especially well positioned to deliver high-quality services and demonstrate effectiveness at scale because a strong foundation has been built for…

  17. Empirical Analysis on the Determinants of Economic Growth in Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Status of economic development in Shaanxi Province is analyzed, showing that Shaanxi Province has achieved the fast and stable economic growth; and total GDP and fixed assets investment have shown a sustainable growth. According to the time series statistics of Shaanxi Province in the years 1978-2008, Cobb-Douglas Function is used to carry out the empirical analysis on the contribution of fixed assets investment and labor input to economic growth of Shaanxi Province, China. Result shows that capital and labor input are the major driving forces for the economic growth of Shaanxi Province. In other words, economic growth mode of Shaanxi Province is still extensive. Economic growth of Shaanxi Province is increasingly dependent on capital investment and technological progress. Contribution rates of capital and labor to economic growth are 66.9% and 33.1%, respectively. Therefore, investment is a source of economic growth in Shaanxi Province through the reform and opening up in the last three decades.

  18. Analysis of Factors Influencing Farmers’ Participation in Forest Farmers Cooperatives Based on Empirical Research of Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenyi; HUANG; Lanying; LI; Hongwei; TONG; Fei; WANG; Xueqin; CHEN

    2013-01-01

    Based on field research data of farmers in Zhejiang Province, the authors analyzed factors influencing farmers’ participation in forest farmers cooperatives (hereafter referred to as FFCs) by the binary logistic regression model. Results show that understanding of farmers about cooperatives has a great influence on their behavior of participation in FFCs. Besides, educational level of householders and existing member scale of cooperatives also have significant influence on farmers’ behavior of participation in cooperatives. Therefore, it is required to strengthen propaganda of cooperatives, deepen their understanding of cooperatives; cultivate new high quality farmers to provide talents for development of cooperatives; establish incentive mechanism to encourage farmers to participate in cooperatives.

  19. Analysis on the Employment of Landless Farmers during the Reconstruction of Urban Village: A Case Study of S Village in Shaanxi Province

    OpenAIRE

    WANG Hua; Xie, Yanjie

    2015-01-01

    The re-employment of landless farmers in reconstruction of urban village is an important way to solve the problems concerning farmers. In S Village of Shaanxi Province, the landless farmers are facing the employment problems such as low re-employment rate and quality, lack of employment competitiveness, and weak employment willingness. This paper analyzes the main factors influencing the employment of landless farmers in this urban village such as local government's lack of overall design on ...

  20. The availability of recreation policies and strategies for the provision of recreation service delivery in the North West Province, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Mogajane, V.S.; Meyer, C.; Monyeki, M.A.; Toriola, A. L.; Amusa, L.O.

    2014-01-01

    The promotion of recreation and leisure through coherent strategies and policy development is a significant move towards changing the quality lives of communities. The unavailability of recreation strategies and policies are associated with negative effect on the delivery of recreation services. The purpose of the study was therefore, to determine the availability of recreation strategies and policies in for the provision of recreation service delivery in North-West Province, South Africa. A ...

  1. Total Petroleum Systems of the Illizi Province, Algeria and Libya—Tanezzuft-Illizi

    OpenAIRE

    Klett, T.R.

    2000-01-01

    Undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources were assessed within a total petroleum system of the Illizi Province (2056) as part of the U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment 2000. The Illizi Province is in eastern Algeria and a small portion of western Libya. The province and its total petroleum system coincide with the Illizi Basin. Although several total petroleum systems may exist within the Illizi Province, only one “composite” total petroleum system is identified. This ...

  2. Stainability of Cultivated Land in Henan Province Based on Ecological Footprint

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Ying-chao

    2009-01-01

    This paper summarizes the regional situation of Henan Province of China, and introduces the principle of ecological footprint mode, as well as computing formulas of ecological footprint and ecological capacity. According to the related data of Henan Province from 1998 to 2007, this paper firstly calculates the per capita ecological footprint and per capita ecological capacity of Henan Province. Result indicates that cultivated land in Henan Province shows ecological surplus with sustainable l...

  3. Management of Peat Fires on Smoldering Phase (Case Study: District Siak and District Kampar Riau Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syafrudin Syafrudin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The difficulty of finding land for farming activities in Indonesia caused some communities began to switch utilizing peat land for agricultural areas such as oil palm. Oil palm plantation is a commodity that has been developed in Indonesia.Oil palm planted area has increased rapidly.Since 1967 extensive oil palm plantations has increased 35times to 5.6 million ha in 2005 and about 7.8 million ha in 2009. The biggest expansion of oil palm plantations occur in 6 province,one of them is Riau.Most people take a practical way to open agricultural areas by burning peat.Riau Province in Indonesia is one of the major hotspots for peat fires during the dry season. Peat fire at smouldering phaseemits a lot of compounds that are not completely oxidized (e.g. CO, VOCs, PAHs that more dangerous than the emissions released during combustion at flaming fires. Particulate Matter (PM 2.5 is one of the emissions from peat fires too.However, existing data on VOCs and PM 2.5 of smoke from peat fires Indonesia is still limited.The aim of this study was to analyze the concentration of VOCs and PM 2.5 on emissions from peat fires in the Langkai Village Siak District and RimboPanjang Village Kampar District Riau Province when compared with background site and the permissible exposure limit and provide recommendations based on the results of this research.VOCs measurement method is based on NIOSH 1500 and EPA TO-17 while the PM 2.5 based on IMPROVE A method. The average concentration of PM 2.5 is 996.72 ± 531.01μg/m3. PM2.5 concentrations increased (compared with the background site was very high at 4,838%.This condition causes a decrease in air quality and serious health problems. While the results of the maximum TVOCs concentration obtained in Siak District was 391,880 g/m3, while in Kampar Districtwas 195,940 g/m3. TVOCs concentration atSiak Districtwas 130.63 times greater than the existing quality standards, while at Kampar District regency was 65.31 times

  4. MEASURING SERVICE QUALITY USING SERVQUAL MODEL: A CASE STUDY OF BROKERAGE OFFICES IN IRAN

    OpenAIRE

    Alireza Rajabipoor Meybodi

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Many organizations especially service organizations to suit their ideals and mission specific approach to the topic that have quality and management. This paper is intended to subject the importance of quality serve the brokerage offices, the gap analysis using the model and analysis techniques to Servqual quality service brokerage offices presented a case study (Stock Brokerage office's regional provinces Yazd) pay. Design/methodology/approach: Application of statistical non-paramet...

  5. ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH ISO 9001 FOOD INDUSTRY IN ENTERPRISES

    OpenAIRE

    Zając, Stanisław; Gniady, Justyna; Skudlarski, Jacek; Izdebski, Waldemar

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality management according to ISO 9001 in enterprises of the food industry in the province Podkarpackie. Quality management in the food industry is closely associated with compliance with food hygiene rules set. This is to ensure the safety of its products and the protection of consumer health by ensuring proper functioning of the company and the high level of quality products and services. The study shows that the most important reason that encourag...

  6. A study on relationship between quality of life and employee performance

    OpenAIRE

    Marziyeh Pourbagher; Ali Akbar Bani; Mehdi Salehi; Somayyeh Iri; Saeid Sedaghat

    2014-01-01

    This paper studies the relationship between quality of life and its eight components with employee performance in general directorate of youth and sport in province of Golestan, Iran. The study uses a questionnaire developed by Walton (1974) [Walton, R. E. (1974). Improving quality of work life. Harvard Business Review, 52(3), 12.] for quality of life and a standard questionnaire named ACHIEVE consists of 25 questions for measuring the performance. Using Spearman correlation test, the study h...

  7. Spatio-Temporal Trends and Identification of Correlated Variables with Water Quality for Drinking-Water Reservoirs

    OpenAIRE

    Qing Gu; Ke Wang; Jiadan Li; Ligang Ma; Jinsong Deng; Kefeng Zheng; Xiaobin Zhang; Li Sheng

    2015-01-01

    It is widely accepted that characterizing the spatio-temporal trends of water quality parameters and identifying correlated variables with water quality are indispensable for the management and protection of water resources. In this study, cluster analysis was used to classify 56 typical drinking water reservoirs in Zhejiang Province into three groups representing different water quality levels, using data of four water quality parameters for the period 2006–2010. Then, the spatio-temporal tr...

  8. China's Most Populous Province to Ban Fetus Sex Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Henan, the most populous province in central China,is plagued by an excessively high sex ratio imbalance at birth in certain parts of the province. To ameliorate the situation, the province will enact regulations to ban non-medically necessary fetus gender identification and sex-selective abortions.

  9. Some Lichens From Afyonkarahisar and Kırıkkale Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    KINALIOGLU, Kadir; APTROOT, Andre

    2012-01-01

    As a result of lichenological study in Turkey, in the provinces of Afyonkarahisar and Kırıkkale, we report 120 taxa of lichen. 78 taxa are new to the province of Afyonkarahisar and 22 taxa are new to the provinces of Kırıkkale. Key Words: biodiversity, lichenized fungi, Kırıkkale, new records 

  10. Contribution to the knowledge of Neoperla (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from Hainan Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhi-Teng; Du, Yu-Zhou

    2016-01-01

    The species of the perlid genus Neoperla are reviewed from Hainan Province, China. Three species of Neoperla, N. minuta sp. nov., N. wuzhishana sp. nov., and N. sexlobata sp. nov. are described from this island province and compared with other taxa. A provisional key is presented to the known Neoperla males from Hainan Province. PMID:27470851

  11. Investigation of natural radioactivity level of the waters in Guangdong province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports the investigation results of natural radioactivity level in river, lake, reservoir, spring, tap water and offshore water in Guangdong Province and Hainan Province. There were totally 220 samples collected from 144 measuring points. The results show that the radioactivity level of varied water bodies of the province was within normal natural background

  12. Sindh Province, Pakistan Student Assessment : SABER Country Report 2012

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, Sindh Province, Pakistan joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assessm...

  13. Punjab Province, Pakistan Student Assessment : SABER Country Report 2012

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, Punjab Province, Pakistan joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assess...

  14. The deforestation of rural areas in the Lower Congo Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iloweka, Ernest Manganda

    2004-12-01

    The Lower Congo is one of eleven provinces in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and is located southwest of Kinshasa Town Province. It has an area of approximately 53.947 km2 with a population of 1,504,361 at an estimated 237 persons per km2. The Province comprises five districts, including Lukaya and Cataracts where rural poverty is severe and the population struggle to make a living through agriculture and woodcutting. These activities result in excessive resource exploitation. The high demand for foodstuffs and the high consumption of wood (for energy, construction and export) in Kinshasa, the capital city of the Democratic Republic of Congo and the expanding towns of Matadi and Boma in the Lower Congo Province, are speeding the deforestation rate and unbalancing forest ecosystems. In addition there is the stress resulting from reduced josher (the rest period for agriculture ground), plus climate change and erosion. The phenomena that that we need to address in these two districts include deforestation, reduced josher, excessive agriculture, erosion, burning and climate change which taken together largely explain the current soil degradation. These areas are marked by excessive post deforestation savannah formation and extended areas of sandy soil, distributed throughout grass and shrub savannahs. This desertification, which is rampant in Lukaya and Cataracts, risks imprisoning the rural population in a vicious cycle of poverty if adequate solutions are not found. PMID:15641386

  15. A biogenic volatile organic compounds emission inventory for Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhi-hui; BAI Yu-hua; ZHANG Shu-yu

    2005-01-01

    The first detailed inventory for volatile organic compounds(VOC) emissions from vegetation over Yunnan Province, China was presented. The spatially and temporally resolved inventory was developed based on a geographic information system (GIS), remote sensing(RS) data and field measurement data, such as digitized land-use data, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVl) and temperature data from direct real-time measurement. The inventory has a spatial resolution of 5 km × 5 km and a time resolution of 1 h.Urban, agriculture, and natural land-use distributions in Yunnan Province were combined with biomass factors for each land-use category to produce a spatially resolved biomass inventory. A biogenic emission inventory was developed by combining the biomass inventory with hourly emission rates for tree, shrub and ground cover species of the study area. Correcting for environmental factors, including light intensity and temperature, a value of 1.1 × 1012 gC for total annual biogenic VOC emissions from Yunnan Province, including 6.1 × 1011 gCfor isoprene, 2.1 × 1011 gC for monoterpenes, and 2.6 × 1011 gC for OVOC was obtained. The highest VOC emissions occurred in the northwestern, southwestern and north region of Yunnan Province. Some uncertainties were also discussed in this study.

  16. Drugs Prescribed by Dentists in Fars Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Fani; Ghaeminia; Farjood

    2013-01-01

    Background Medication is one of the supplementary steps in dental treatment. Dentists prescribe medicine in order to avoid post-surgery complications. To the best knowledge of the researchers, no thorough study has been carried out to review the prescribed drugs in Fars province, Iran. Objectives The current study aimed to determine the current status of the issue and compare it with global standards. ...

  17. Epidemiology of malt fever in Kermanshah province in 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazdan Hamzavi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Brucellosis is a zoonotic, chronic and infectious disease in many developing countries, including Iran. This study investigated some of the epidemiological features of the disease in Kermanshah province in 2011. Methods: In this descriptive study, all of the patients with brucellosis reported to the health center of the province during the year 2011 were studied. The demographic and some epidemiologic parameters of the disease were recorded in the questionnaires. All collected data were analyzed using SPSS (version19 software. Results: Totally, 777 cases of brucellosis were reported to the health center of the province in 2011. The lowest incidence of brucellosis in the province was 40.8/100000 .The highest and lowest incidence rates were seen in Dalahoo (215.2/100 000 and Javanrood (12.6/100 000 districts, respectively. 47.4% of the patients were female and about half of the patients were under 30 years old. Raw milk was the most common cause of the disease consumed by 81.9% of the cases. Also, 87.6% of the patients were living in rural areas and the peak of disease was seen in the spring and summer months. Conclusion: Despite the significant reduction, it seems that the incidence of disease in some rural areas of the districts such as Dalahoo and Sarpol-e-Zahab are very high.

  18. Characterizing preventive activity in Camagüey province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández, María

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the characteristic features of preventive activities within the System of Education at Camaguey province. This information herein gathers results from a research investigation project and might be of interest for teachers, principals and investigators as a professional tool.

  19. Nontyphoidal Salmonella Infection, Guangdong Province, China, 2012(1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xi; Huang, Qiong; Dun, Zhongjun; Huang, Wei; Wu, Shuyu; Liang, Junhua; Deng, Xiaoling; Zhang, Yonghui

    2016-04-01

    We used active and passive surveillance to estimate nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection during 2012 in Guangdong Province, China. Under passive surveillance, for every reported NTS infection, an estimated 414.8 cases occurred annually. Under active surveillance, an estimated 35.8 cases occurred. Active surveillance provides remarkable advantages in incidence estimate. PMID:26982074

  20. Remediation of Legacy Arsenic Mining Areas in Yunnan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian H. von Lindern

    2011-01-01

    Conclusions. The success of the demonstration project was recognized and has provided direction and momentum for a wider effort by the Province to address mining pollution and water contamination challenges. It demonstrates the success of using known techniques for environmental remediation in the US, with local partners in China responding to their communities’ health and environmental problems.

  1. Textile & Garment Export Situation from five Provinces in Nov

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Guangdong:The Decline Trend of Export Growth Rate Slowered In the first 11 months of 2008,the export of textile and garment in Guangdong province reached 30.8 billion USD,down 19.7%on the same periond of previous

  2. A STUDY ON TROUT BREEDING IN DUZCE PROVINCE

    OpenAIRE

    Akbulut, Süleyman; KETEN, Akif

    2009-01-01

    In this study, trout breeding facilities of Duzce Province, a suitable place for trout breeding, were evaluated. As a result of this evaluation, current status, capacities, and problems of trout breeding facilities were determined. Some suggestions were provided to solve these problems and increase the capacity of trout breeding facilities. Keywords: Duzce, Trout Breeding.

  3. Malaria Epidemiology in Mersin Province, Turkey from 2002 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M F AYDIN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium spp. with high morbidity and mortality in human in tropical and subtropical regions. In recent years, number of malaria cases has been significantly reduced because of fight with the disease in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the malaria epidemiology in Mersin Province from 2002 to 2011 using data from the provincial Public Health Directorate.Methods: Over ten years, 303573 blood samples were taken from the people by active and passive surveillance methods and blood smears were prepared. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under the microscope.Results: Totally, 73 people including 44 male and 29 female were positive in terms of Plasmodium spp. It was determined that P. vivax observed in 67 cases while P. falciparum in 6 cases. Cases were mainly observed in 15 to 44 years old range, showed an increase between June-September periods and a significant decrease after 2006. Out of the 73 malaria cases, 54 cases were from Mersin Province and 13 cases were imported from another province of Turkey. Six cases were transmitted from abroad.Conclusion: These results provide information about malaria epidemiology in an endemic area in Turkey and contribute its prevention in Mersin Province

  4. Child Maltreatment among School Children in the Kurdistan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Rob; Sheikhattari, Payam; Assasi, Nazilla; Eftekhar, Hassan; Zamani, Qasem; Maleki, Bahram; Kiabayan, Hamid

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the determinants of three types of child maltreatment: physical maltreatment, mental maltreatment, and child neglect among school children in the Kurdistan Province of Iran. The analysis examines the impact of socioeconomic, familial, demographic, and household dynamic factors on the three child maltreatment…

  5. Identification of mantle plumes in the Emeishan Large Igneous Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-Gang Xu; Jifeng Xu; Yue-Jun Wang; Bin He; Xiaolong Huang; Zhenyu Luo; Sun-Lin Chung; Long Xiao; Dan Zhu; Hui Shao; Wei-Ming Fan

    2007-01-01

    @@ The plume hypothesis has been recently challengedlargely because some fundamental aspects predicted bythe modeling of plumes are found to be lacking in someclassic hotspot regions. This review paper summarizesrecent achievements made in the late Permian Emeishan continental flood basalt province in southwest China.

  6. Decentralization, economic development, and growth in Turkish provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Tosun, Mehmet Serkan; Yilmaz, Serdar

    2008-01-01

    There have been important developments in the decentralization of the government structure in Turkey since the early 1980s. This paper examines economic development and growth in Turkish provinces. Although there is a rich literature on the economic effects of government decentralization from both developed and developing countries, these effects have not been examined widely in the contex...

  7. Genotyping Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-Hui Zhao

    Full Text Available The present study examined the prevalence and genotypes of Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi province, China. A total of 2071 fecal samples (847 from Qinchuan cattle and 1224 from dairy cattle were examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and 70 samples (3.4% were C. andersoni-positive and those positive samples were identified by PCR amplification of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA and the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP genes. C. andersoni was the only species found in the examined cattle in this province. Fifty-seven C. andersoni isolates were characterized into 5 MLST subtypes using multilocus sequence typing analysis, including a new subtype in the native beef breed Qinchuan cattle. All of these C. andersoni isolates presented a clonal genetic structure. These findings provide new insights into the genetic structure of C. andersoni isolates in Shaanxi province and basic data of Cryptosporidium prevalence status, which in turn have implications for controlling cryptosporidiosis in this province.

  8. Developing Supported Health Tourism Cluster for High Quality Tourism of BRIC in Active Beach Group of Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Nattada Srimuk; Therdchai Choibamroong

    2014-01-01

    This study focuses on promoting high quality tourism from BRIC, specifically. The Thailand Tourism Department plans to support the development of this market. The eastern Thai provinces, have great tourism potential--Thailand Tourism Cluster (TCC), Active Beach. These provinces offer numerous, varied and unique activities to the tourist. The Thai Government has the budget for development, growth and improvement of tourism to high revenue potential for the health tourism industry and local com...

  9. Quality assurance and product quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basic quality assurance requirements have to be completed by means that are oriented towards the quality of products; in COGEMA LOGISTICS our approach is based on four principles: 1) an integrated management system: Quality, health and safety, environment 2) an organization based on the responsibility of all actors, trust and transparency 3) a methodical approach to continuously improve the methods that are employed to achieve quality: -process management -corrective and preventive actions -self assessments and various surveys 4) but at the same time strong procedures for control and monitoring of all activities: -technical and quality audits (external and internal) -at source inspections -engineering activities inspections This performance-based approach is necessary to guaranty the effectiveness of the traditional formal QA means

  10. Quality indicators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth-Andersen, Christian

    1991-01-01

    In recent literature it has been suggested that consumers need have no knowledge of product quality as a number of quality indicators (or signals) may be used as substitutes. Very little attention has been paid to the empirical verification of these studies. The present paper is devoted...... to the issue of how well these indicators perform, using market data provided by consumer magazines from 3 countries. The results strongly indicate that price is a poor quality indicator. The paper also presents some evidence which suggests that seller reputation and easily observable characteristics are also...

  11. Data quality

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Richard Y; Lee, Y W

    2000-01-01

    This volume provides an expose of research and practice in the data quality field for technically oriented readers. It is based on the research conducted at the MIT Total Data Quality Management (TDQM) programme and work from other research institutions. This book is intended primarily for researchers, practitioners, educators and graduate students in the fields of computer science, information technology, and other interdisciplinary areas. It forms a theoretical foundation that is both rigorous and relevant for dealing with advanced issues related to data quality. Written with the goal to pro

  12. An Epidemiological Study of Psychiatric Disorders in Hamadan Province , 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Mohammadi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The burden of psychiatric disorders in the developed countries has been identified by the screening questionnaires and standard clinical interviews at a high level, but the epidemiological studies of psychiatric disorders in our country are brief and their numbers are few. Planning for providing essential mental health services to the people requires us to be knowledgeable about the present status of psychiatric disorders in the society. The objective of this research was to carry out the epidemiological study of the psychiatric disorders in the individuals 18 years and above in urban and rural areas of Hamadan province. 664 individuals selected through randomized clustered and systematic sampling methods among the existing families of Hamadan province and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS questionnaires completed by the clinical psychologist. The diagnosis of the disorders was based on DSM-IV classification criteria.The results of the study showed that the overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province was 11.28% (17.2% in women , 5.8% in men. The anxiety and mood disorders with 5.87 and 2.71% respectively had the highest prevalence in the province. The prevalence of psychotic disorders in this study was 0.60% , neuro- cognitive disorders 1.35% and dissociative disorders 0.75%. In the group of mood disorders, major depression with 2.56% and in the group of anxiety disorders, phobia with 2.56% had the higher prevalence. This study showed that 8.13% of studied individuals suffered from at least one of the psychiatric disorders. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province among the individuals in the age group of 66 years and above was 13.33%, individuals whose spouses had passed away 18.75%, urban residents of province 9.81%, illiterate individuals 12.80% and housewife individuals 12.31% was more than other individuals in the sample. Being aware of this matter reveals the responsibility of the

  13. Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yagoob Garedaghi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East Azerbaijan Province. A total of 336 children, 187 males and 149 females in age group of 0-15 years were selected for the present study. ELISA was used for detection of IgG antibodies against Toxocara excretory secretary antigen. A questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain the data concerning their age, sex and habits. The particular points in the questionnaire asked were recorded on the format right on the spot. Results: Gender was found to be a significant risk factor for the Toxocara infection in children population. Male children were found more infected (41.71% as compared to females (24.16%. The total seroprevalence of T. canis antibodies in children of East Azerbaijan Province was 29.46 %. The risk factors that were found associated with the infection of toxocariasis in children population of East Azerbaijan Province include family back ground, status of living conditions, awareness, etc. Conclusion: The present study reveals high prevalence of T. canis infection in children of East Azerbaijan Province. It is important to raise the awareness of health professionals, public and educators to the fact that toxocariasis is a public health problem. Health promotion by means of a school based educational approach, diagnosis and continuous programme of treatment are necessary. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 581-586

  14. Radiographic quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control and evaluation of radiographic quality vary considerably from institution to institution, and this has resulted in increased government legislation in most jurisdictions, which attempts to provide some measure of uniformity in standards of equipment installation, maintenance, and use. Where legislation is not yet in place, it is pending, so that all facilities using x-radiation are, or soon will be, legally bound to operate within accepted guidelines. These guidelines are established to provide the radiologist with radiographs of optimum diagnostic quality while keeping the radiation dose to the patient and radiology personnel as low as possible. There are many excellent publications that provide detailed step-by-step instructions on each facet of radiographic quality control these procedures will, therefore, not be covered in detail here. The following information may, however, be of interest as it relates primarily to pediatric radiography and will prove useful to those initiating quality control and evaluation programs

  15. Advances of mutation breeding in Heilongjiang Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: 40 varieties, early maturing, high yielding and/or disease resistant have been developed between 1963 and 1979 in cereals, industrial crops and vegetables. They have been cultivated on 530.000 ha. 1. The following varieties were released after 1979: Soybean: 'Heilong No. 26' released in 1980 was bred through crossing mutant 'Har63-2294' with 'Xiaojinhuang'. This variety possesses high yield, drought tolerance, cold tolerance during juvenile phase, disease resistance and good quality. The breeders have won a state prize. This variety yields 3-3.5 t/ha, and was cultivated so far on more than 270.000 ha. Sorghum: 'Longfuliang No. 1' released in 1979, was selected in M3 of irradiated variety 'Xinliang No. 7'. This variety possesses 15 days earlier maturity, dwarf culm (90-100 cm), high yield and disease resistance. It is suitable for machine harvest, yields 5.2-8 t/ha and was cultivated so far on more than 20.000 ha. Spring wheat: 'Longfumei No. 1' released in 1983, derived from thermal neutron irradiated F1 seeds of the cross 'Xin No. 3' x 'Lio No. 8'. This variety possesses early maturity, high yield, good quality (protein 18.2%, lysine 0.40%) and disease resistance. It is suitable for multiple cropping: After harvest, chinese cabbage and radish can still be planted. It yields 3-4.5 t/ha and was cultivated so far on more than 13.000 ha. Maize: 'Longfuju No. 1' released in 1983 is a single-cross hybrid. One parent, the inbred line 'fu746', was developed from irradiated material. This hybrid variety possesses early maturity, high yield, good quality (protein 12.0%, lysine 0.32%), leaf blight resistance. It yields about 7.5 t/ha (occasionally up to 10 t/ha) and was cultivated so far on more than 15.000 ha. Chinese cabbage: 'Beicai No. 9' released in 1979, has been bred from irradiated F2 seeds of the cross 'Ke No. 2' x 'Feichenghuaxin'. This variety possesses disease resistance, early maturity, a better cabbage head and storage tolerance. It yields about 45 t

  16. Is there a possibility of ranking benthic quality assessment indices to select the most responsive to different human pressures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Ángel; Marín, Sandra L; Muxika, Iñigo; Pino, Loreto; Rodríguez, José G

    2015-08-15

    Although a plethora of benthic indices exist, there is no agreement on what index or indices should be used by environmental managers to establish benthic quality. The objective of this investigation was to rank 35 benthic quality assessment indices used in different countries to evaluate the impact produced by 15 different human pressures (including multipressure, aquaculture, sewage discharges, eutrophication, physical alteration, chemical pollution, climate change, etc.). The ranking was determined by taking into account the coverage area of biogeographical provinces, number of citations testing a pressure and number of citations with significant correlation with pressure. We analysed 363 references, of which 169 showed quantitative data. Over a potential total score of 100, the highest values were obtained by the following indices: (i) AZTI's Marine Biotic Index (AMBI), which scored 77, tested by using 14 pressures in 14 provinces from the Arctic to tropical seas; (ii) multivariate AMBI (M-AMBI), which scored 74, tested with 12 pressures in 13 provinces; (iii) Bentix (BENTIX), which scored 68, tested with nine pressures in six provinces; (iv) Benthic Quality Index (BQI), which scored 66, tested with five pressures in seven provinces; and (v) Benthic Opportunistic Polychaetes Amphipods (BOPA) index, which scored 62, tested with eight pressures in six provinces. PMID:26099789

  17. Test quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document discusses inservice testing of safety-related components at nuclear power plants which is performed under the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (the Code). Subsections IWP and IWV of Section XI of the Code state test method and frequency requirements for pumps and valves respectively. Tests vary greatly in quality and frequency. This paper explores the concept of test quality and its relationship with operational readiness and preventive maintenance. This paper also considers the frequencies of component testing. Test quality is related to a test's ability to detect degradation that can cause component failure. The quality of the test depends on several factors, including specific parameters measured, system or component conditions, and instrument accuracy. The quality of some currently required tests for check valves, motor-operated valves, and pumps is also discussed. Suggestions are made to improve test quality by measuring different parameters, testing valves under load, and testing positive displacement pumps at high pressure and centrifugal pumps at high flow rate conditions. These suggestions can help to improve the level of assurance of component operational readiness gained from testing

  18. Evaluation of Biobras-16 in cucumber growing with a decrease of the time of irrigation, in Holguín province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Gustavo González Gómez

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The work was carried out in an organoponic in Holguín province. Cucumber cultivation, Poinset variety, was chosen with the objective of evaluating the effects of Biobras 16, when the seeds are soaked in it and the irrigation time decreases by 10, 30 and 50%, we assessed its influence on the yield and the quality of fruits. Major yield components were measured and the development stages of the crop. Data were processed by the statistical package version 8 on Windows. Significant conclusions were reached about the positive effects on yield and fruit quality, when reducing irrigation time and seeds are soaked with Biobras-16 before sowing.

  19. Quality Management, Quality Assurance and Quality Control in Blood Establishments

    OpenAIRE

    Bolbate, N

    2008-01-01

    Quality terms and the roots of the matter are analyzed according to European Committee’s recommendations. Essence of process and product quality control as well as essence of quality assurance is described. Quality system’s structure including quality control, quality assurance and management is justified in the article.

  20. Sediment provenance and province of the southern Yellow Sea: Evidence from light mineral

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGKunshan; SHIXuefa; JIANGXiaoli

    2003-01-01

    The distribution for percent content of light mineral is divided in detail to emphasize distributional trends of higher and lower contents by using 222 samples of light mineral in the southern Yellow Sea. 5 mineral provinces are divided, and they are Ⅰ -north mineral province of the southern Yellow Sea, the sediment dominantly derived from the Yellow River; Ⅱ-mixed mineral province, the sediment derived from both the Yellow River and Yangtze River; Ⅲ-middle mineral province, the sediment derived mainly from the Yellow River and a part of sediment derived from Yangtze River; Ⅳ-province east of Yangtze River mouth, the sediment derived dominantly from Yangtze River; and Ⅴ-south mineral province, sediment was affected by relict sediment and modern sediment of Yangtze River. In this paper, the assemblage of dominant mineral and diagnostic mineral for the five provinces are discerned.

  1. The Brazil-Angola alkaline - carbonatite province and its main economic aspects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The principal characteristics of the Brazil-Angola Alkaline Carbonatite Province are defined and described with specific reference to tectonic setting and economic aspects. The economic aspects of the Brazilian uranium deposits are emphasised. The Brazil-Angola Alkaline-Carbonatite Province can be divided into six Brazilian sub-provinces and two Angolan sub-provinces. Correlation between the sub-provinces of Brazil and Angola remains speculative due to the lack of detailed information, especially age determinations on the Angolan rocks. However, an analysis of the tectonic and petrochemical aspects suggests that the two Brazilian sub-provinces situated along the littoral of Rio de Janeiro/ Sao Paulo and around the periphery of the Parana Basin may be more easily comparable to the two Angolan sub-provinces than the remaining four. (Author)

  2. Heavy metals in soils from a typical county in Shanxi Province, China: Levels, sources and spatial distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Li-bo; Ma, Jin; Wang, Xian-liang; Hou, Hong

    2016-04-01

    The concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni, Zn, and Hg in 128 surface soil samples from Xiangfen County, Shanxi Province, China were measured. The concentrations of these eight heavy metals were lower than the critical values in the national soil quality standard. However, these concentrations were found to be slightly higher than their background values in soils in Shanxi Province, indicating enrichment of these metals in soils in Xiangfen County, especially for Hg and Cd. Principal component analysis coupled with cluster analysis was used to analyze the data and identify possible sources of these heavy metals; the results showed that the eight heavy metals in soils from Xiangfen County came from three different sources. Lead, Cd, Cu and Zn mainly arose from agricultural practices and vehicle emissions. Arsenic and Ni arose mainly from parent materials. Industrial practices were the main sources of Cr and Hg. The spatial distribution of the heavy metals varied greatly, and was closely correlated to local anthropogenic activities. This study will be helpful not only for improving local soil environmental quality but will also provide a basis for effectively targeting policies to protect soils from long-term heavy metal accumulation. PMID:26807946

  3. Reservoir quality of intrabasalt volcaniclastic units onshore Faroe Islands, North Atlantic Igneous Province, northeast Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ólavsdóttir, Jana; Andersen, Morten Sparre; Boldreel, Lars Ole

    2015-01-01

    The Paleocene and Eocene strata in the western part of the FaroeShetland Basin contain abundant volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks. Recently, hydrocarbon discoveries have been made in reservoirs of siliciclastic origin in intra- and post-volcanic strata in the central Faroe-Shetland Basin that sho...

  4. Distribution of Selected Heavy Metals in Sediment of the River Basin of Coastal Area of Chanthaburi Province, Gulf of Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakkapan Potipat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The sediment samples from 24 stations in coastal area of Chanthaburi Province were collected during March 2012 to March 2013 and analyzed for heavy metal contents (Pb, Cd, Cr, Fe, Cu and Zn, pH, organic matters and grain sizes. The correlation analyses showed that heavy metal concentrations were affected by the content of organic matter and the size of clay particles. The evaluation of the quality of sediment was carried out using the geoaccumulation index (Igeo and the enrichment factor (EF as well as the comparison with those in the Thailand's sediment quality guideline (SQG values. The results of the geoaccumulation index and the enrichment factor values of the heavy metals content in the sediments revealed that the study area was unpolluted and not enriched, respectively. The relationship between the heavy metals concentration and the organic matter, and the clay particle was proposed by using the multiple regression equations.

  5. Marital Quality Trajectory among Iranian Married Individuals: A Collectivist Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh; Saadat, Hassan

    2015-01-01

    Background: The trajectory of marital quality over the life course assumes a curvilinear pattern and declines over time. However, most studies to date have been conducted in developed societies, leaving the generalizability of their findings open to skepticism. In this study, we aimed to delineate the trajectory of marital satisfaction in Iran.Methods: Using cluster-sampling method, representative sample of 800 Iranian married individuals from urban areas of seven provinces of Iran, between F...

  6. Attributes for NHDPlus Catchments (Version 1.1) for the Conterminous United States: Physiographic Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieczorek, Michael E.; LaMotte, Andrew E.

    2010-01-01

    This dataset represents the area of each physiographic province (Fenneman and Johnson, 1946) in square meters, compiled for every catchment of NHDPlus for the conterminous United States. The source data are from Fenneman and Johnson's Physiographic Provinces of the United States, which is based on 8 major divisions, 25 provinces, and 86 sections representing distinctive areas having common topography, rock type and structure, and geologic and geomorphic history (Fenneman and Johnson, 1946). The NHDPlus Version 1.1 is an integrated suite of application-ready geospatial datasets that incorporates many of the best features of the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) and the National Elevation Dataset (NED). The NHDPlus includes a stream network (based on the 1:100,00-scale NHD), improved networking, naming, and value-added attributes (VAAs). NHDPlus also includes elevation-derived catchments (drainage areas) produced using a drainage enforcement technique first widely used in New England, and thus referred to as "the New England Method." This technique involves "burning in" the 1:100,000-scale NHD and when available building "walls" using the National Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD). The resulting modified digital elevation model (HydroDEM) is used to produce hydrologic derivatives that agree with the NHD and WBD. Over the past two years, an interdisciplinary team from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), and contractors, found that this method produces the best quality NHD catchments using an automated process (USEPA, 2007). The NHDPlus dataset is organized by 18 Production Units that cover the conterminous United States. The NHDPlus version 1.1 data are grouped by the U.S. Geologic Survey's Major River Basins (MRBs, Crawford and others, 2006). MRB1, covering the New England and Mid-Atlantic River basins, contains NHDPlus Production Units 1 and 2. MRB2, covering the South Atlantic-Gulf and Tennessee River basins

  7. SMEs Development Strategy for Competitive and Sustainable Typical Local Snacks of Banten Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sawarni Hasibuan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs for snacks in Indonesia currently has a good growth rate on one hand; but on the other hand, its level of competition is also quite high.  Growth in sales volume of the Indonesian snack industry, both in modern and traditional markets in 2012, was recorded at 10-15 percent far beyond the growth of other manufacturing industries.  However, the level of competition in the snack industry is also relatively high. Business people in the snacks sector do not only compete with fellow local business people but also with imported products, both legal and illegal.  Currently, Banten Province is indeed not known as a culinary destination with a variety of distinctively local foods. The growth  of the food industry in Banten Province is not as rapid as other manufacturing industries. However, in Banten, some types of food produced in small and medium scales (SMEs are also known.  Therefore, efforts to develop and empower typical local snack SMEs in Banten Province needs to be conducted to be able to increase its competitiveness in facing the globalization era and the ASEAN free market in 2015.  The purpose of this reseach is to map the performance profile of Banten typical local snack SMEs and to provide recommendation on SME development strategies for competitive and sustainable Banten typical local snacks.  The research method used combines the descriptive research method, IPA (Importance Performance Analysis, and SWOT analysis.  The performance level measurement for Banten typical local snack SMEs is based on stakeholder perceptions on the condition of the existing 16 attributes compared to the perception on the development expectation of each of these attributes.  Results of SWOT matrix mapping puts  the products of Banten typical local snack SMEs in quadran II.  The strategy prioritized is the quality attribute maintenance strategy for superior products, as well as product diversification to expand market share

  8. Seismic Zonation of Central-Southern Hunan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Ying; Xu Guangyin; Chen Kun; Gao Mengtan

    2007-01-01

    Based on basic data used in compiling the Zonation Map of Earthquake Ground Motion Parameters in China, recent research on seismic safety assessment for engineering sites in central-southern Hunan Province, the new attenuation relationships of moderate earthquakes and the background seismicity data obtained by modern instrumental earthquake records since 1970, a new result of seismic zonation of central-southern Hunan Province is provided. The result shows that the area with PGA = 0.05g has obviously increased in the new map compared with the previous one and is relatively consistent with the seismic disaster characteristics of moderate earthquakes that took place in the central-southern part of Hunan in recent years.This result will benefit the research and compilation of a new-generation seismic zonation map of earthquake ground motion parameters and the seismic hazard assessment in the moderate earthquake active regions in the central and eastern part of China.

  9. Supervolcanoes within an ancient volcanic province in Arabia Terra, Mars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalski, Joseph R; Bleacher, Jacob E

    2013-10-01

    Several irregularly shaped craters located within Arabia Terra, Mars, represent a new type of highland volcanic construct and together constitute a previously unrecognized Martian igneous province. Similar to terrestrial supervolcanoes, these low-relief paterae possess a range of geomorphic features related to structural collapse, effusive volcanism and explosive eruptions. Extruded lavas contributed to the formation of enigmatic highland ridged plains in Arabia Terra. Outgassed sulphur and erupted fine-grained pyroclastics from these calderas probably fed the formation of altered, layered sedimentary rocks and fretted terrain found throughout the equatorial region. The discovery of a new type of volcanic construct in the Arabia volcanic province fundamentally changes the picture of ancient volcanism and climate evolution on Mars. Other eroded topographic basins in the ancient Martian highlands that have been dismissed as degraded impact craters should be reconsidered as possible volcanic constructs formed in an early phase of widespread, disseminated magmatism on Mars. PMID:24091975

  10. Demand Response in the West: Lessons for States and Provinces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douglas C. Larson; Matt Lowry; Sharon Irwin

    2004-06-29

    OAK-B135 This paper is submitted in fulfillment of DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-015F22369 on the experience of western states/provinces with demand response (DR) in the electricity sector. Demand-side resources are often overlooked as a viable option for meeting load growth and addressing the challenges posed by the region's aging transmission system. Western states should work together with utilities and grid operators to facilitate the further deployment of DR programs which can provide benefits in the form of decreased grid congestion, improved system reliability, market efficiency, price stabilization, hedging against volatile fuel prices and reduced environmental impacts of energy production. This report describes the various types of DR programs; provides a survey of DR programs currently in place in the West; considers the benefits, drawbacks and barriers to DR; and presents lessons learned and recommendations for states/provinces.

  11. Origin of Quaternary Red Clay of Southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUXUEFENG; YUANGUODONG; 等

    1998-01-01

    The particle-size distribution,heavy mineral constituents and rare earth elements(REE) characteristics of the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province were studied to explore the origin of the clay.The results showed that the clay had some properties of areolian deposits,which could be compared with,those of the loess in North China ;and its chondrite-normalized curves of REE were similar to those of the Xiashu loess implying tha they shared the same orighin.It was concluded in combination with the results rported by other researchers that the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province originated from aolian deposts, and this could reveal the cycles of warm and cold climates in the area during the Quaternary period.

  12. Academic Service Quality and Instructional Quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greiner, Keith; Westbrook, Thomas S.

    2002-01-01

    Examined the relationship between academic service quality and instructional quality in higher education. Found a high correlation between academic service and instructional quality, with academic service overlapping instructional quality in three dimensions: enthusiasm, organization, and rapport. (EV)

  13. The reference values for semen parameters of 1213 fertile men in Guangdong Province in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-Ge Tang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Semen samples were collected from 1213 fertile men whose partners had a time-to-pregnancy (TTP ≤12 months in Guangdong Province in Southern China, and semen parameters including semen volume, sperm concentration, total counts, motility, and morphology were evaluated according to the World Health Organization (WHO 2010 guideline. All semen parameters analyzed were normal in ~62.2% of the total samples, whereas ~37.8% showed at least one of the semen parameters below normal threshold values. The fifth centiles (with 95% confidence intervals were 1.3 (1.2-1.5 ml for semen volume, 20 × 10 6 (18×10 6 -20×10 6 ml−1 for sperm concentration, 40 × 10 6 (38×10 6 -44×10 6 per ejaculate for total sperm counts, 48% (47%-53% for vitality, 39% (36%-43% for total motility, 25% (23%-27% for sperm progressive motility, 5.0% (4%-5% for normal morphology. The pH values ranged from 7.2 to 8.0 with the mean ± standard deviation at 7.32 ± 0.17. No effects of age and body mass index were found on semen parameters. Occupation, smoking and alcohol abuse, varicocele appeared to decrease semen quality. Sperm concentration, but not sperm morphology, is positively correlated with TTP, whereas vitality is negatively correlated with TTP. Our study provides the latest reference values for the semen parameters of Chinese fertile men in Guangdong Province, which are close to those described in the new WHO guidelines (5 th Edition.

  14. Yield Evaluation of Twenty-Eight Alfalfa Cultivars in Hebei Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Tie-jun; KANG Jun-mei; GUO Wen-shan; ZHAO Zhong-xiang; XU Yu-peng; YAN Xu-dong; YANG Qing-chuan

    2014-01-01

    Cultivar selection is important for alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) hay production. From 2009 to 2012, a ifeld study was conducted to evaluate the dry matter yield (DMY) of 28 cultivars in Cangzhou District of Hebei province, China, and to determine the most suitable cultivars for this province and other zones with similar climate conditions. 28 alfalfa cultivars were sown in late March of 2009 and were harvested for hay four times in each subsequent year. The results showed that the climatic conditions resulted in signiifcant differences in annual DMY among years, with the second year being the highest and the ifrst year the lowest. The top ifve cultivars with the highest total DMY were L2750 (62.75 t ha-1), Horn (62.72 t ha-1), 86-266 (61.55 t ha-1), German (61.44 t ha-1) and Zhongmu 1 (61.18 t ha-1), respectively. Across all four years, ifrst harvest had the highest ratios to annual DMY except the cultivar of Rambler, while the fourth harvest had the lowest ratio. There were positive correlation relationships between DMY of each harvest and annual DMY, and the correlation coefifcients were all signiifcant in four years. And the path coefifcients of ifrst harvest were always the highest in four years. The qualities showed small variations among these cultivars and the cultivar L3750 presented the highest crude protein in both years. Crude protein had signiifcant positive correlation with relative feed value (RFV) in both years while crude ifber had signiifcant negative correlation with RFV and crude ifber.

  15. Application of traditional knowledge to create indigo-dyed fabric products in Sakon Nakhon Province, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanitsara Duangbubpa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Indigo fabric is created by dying silk or cotton with color from the true indigo plant (Indigofera tinctoria and is a valuable commodity in Northeastern Thai communities. This is a qualitative investigation with two principal research aims: 1 To study the history and background of indigo-dyed fabric in Sakon Nakhon Province; 2 To study the current conditions and application of traditional knowledge in creating indigo-dyed fabric in Sakon Nakhon Province, Thailand. Data for this investigation were collected from document analysis and field research between July 2013 and July 2014. Results show that weaving groups are sponsored by the government and the local community to produce indigo-dyed fabric that can be transformed into a variety of different products that meet consumer needs. These products include blankets, scarves, shawls, formal wear and bags. Weaving communities prefer to use materials from the surrounding environment. Community members cultivate their own true indigo plants using the traditional processes inherited from generation to generation. The dye creation process requires plant matter to be soaked in water for 24 hours before it can be used in the dye mixture. The traditional dye mixture is 4 liters of indigo plant, 2 liters of natural lye water and 1 tablespoon of white lime. During the dyeing process, the cotton fabric is stirred and wring in the dye mixture until the color holds. The fabric is then rested and the process is repeated to achieve the desired hue. The quality of the dye is then tested by washing the fabric in clean water. By applying the resourcefulness of traditional knowledge used in the dye creation process to the marketing and sale of indigo fabric, the entire production will benefit.

  16. Evaluation of Hospital Information Systems in Iran: A Case Study in the Kerman Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hekmat, Somayeh Noori; Dehnavieh, Reza; Behmard, Tahereh; Khajehkazemi, Razieh; Mehrolhassani, Mohammad Hossain; Poursheikhali, Atousa

    2016-01-01

    The Hospital Information system (HIS) is a comprehensive solution that offers complete data integration for different administrative levels in hospitals. To the extent that this system is close to its aim, the efficiency and quality of health care would increase in hospitals. The performance of HIS systems in 13 hospitals in Kerman province that they were evaluated based on four major criteria of ownership, location, education and software design. Seven hospitals were located in the capital city of Kerman province. According to teaching status of hospitals, four were teaching and based on their ownership three were public. The checklist of Iranian ministry of health and medical education, containing 20 indexes were used to evaluate each hospital's HIS system in three main supportive, diagnosis and clinical sectors. Spearman correlation coefficient was used to assess the association between major sectors. The highest score (mean±SD) was observed in laboratory information systems (88.19±13.69), resource management (84.47±8.94), and registration information systems (84.47±18.06); the lowest scores were for telemedicine (45.58±3.86), staff information and timing systems (40±16.64), and decision support systems (23.6±4.97). The total score of HIS software was positively correlated with all its three components. There were strong positive correlations between all three components. The three factors of decision support systems, staff information systems and telemedicine have an important role in providing solutions for non-structured management problems and for leading decision-makers to insights, improving human resource management and solving the problem of access to services. Thus, based on the survey findings, those three factors need to be improved in the Iranian hospital information system. PMID:27357880

  17. Impacts of Climate Change on Droughts in Gilan Province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Ladan Kazemi Rad; Hosein Mohammadi; Vahid Teyfoori

    2015-01-01

    Drought as a complex natural hazard is best characterized by multiple climatological and hydrological parameters and its assessment is important for planning and managing water resources. So understanding the history of drought in an area is essential like investigating the effects of drought. In this study at first climate parameters affecting the drought have downscaled by LARS-WG stochastic weather generator over Gilan province in Iran. After choosing a suitable model, the outputs were use...

  18. Development Strategy of Sugarcane Industry in Guangdong Province

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Yue-gui; Wu, Jian-tao; Yang, Jun-xian; Li, Qi-Wei; Xie, Jing; Pan, Fang-yin; Wu, Wen-long; Liu, Fu-ye; Deng, Hai-hua; Qi, Yong-wen

    2012-01-01

    Guangdong Province is one of the main producing areas of sugarcane in China, and one of China's three regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, having good basis and conditions for developing sugarcane industry. In this research, using the SWOT-AHP method, we set 20 assessment indicators (such as the regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, huge demand for domestic sugar, increased production costs and backward system of sugarcane), to analyze the development strategy of sugarcane in...

  19. An investigation of gamma background radiation in Hamadan province, Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The general population, everywhere in the world is exposed to a small dose of ionising radiation from natural sources. Stochastic effects such as cancer and genetic disorders are caused when living creatures are exposed to low doses. In Iran, it is measured in some cities, especially in high-background areas such as Ramsar, but so far there is no measurement in the Hamadan province. Hamadan is located in the west of Iran. Measurements were performed using a RDS-110 survey meter, CaSO4:Dy thermoluminescence dosimetries (TLDs) and a Harshaw 4000 TLD reader. To estimate the dose rate outdoors, four stations along the main directions (north, south, west and east) and one in the town centre were selected. Mean annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province are 1.12±0.22 and 1.66±0.07 mSv, which related to RDS-110 survey meter and TLDs measurements, respectively. The TLDs and RDS-110 results are representative of the external photon radiation doses for the selected monitoring locations and for those locations for the hours during which the measurements were taken, respectively. Maximum and minimum of external photon radiation doses are related to Hamadan and Kaboudar-Ahang towns, respectively. According to the results of the study, it seems that the annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province exceeded the global mean external exposure amounts by the UNSCEAR, and further studies are needed to measure internal exposures to determine the total environmental radiation level in Hamadan province. (authors)

  20. Molecular analysis of fragile X syndrome in Antalya Province

    OpenAIRE

    Bilgen T; Keser I; Mihci E; Haspolat S; Tacoy S; Luleci G

    2005-01-01

    Background: Detection of the (CGG)n repeats in the FMR1 gene that cause the fragile X syndrome (FXS), has become a milestone for phenotype-genotype correlation in FXS. Aims: To screen the FMR1 gene CGG repeats in index cases with FXS and their family members in the Antalya Province. Setting and design: This study was prospectively conducted between January 200and March 2005 in Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya. Materials and Method...

  1. Mafia-style domination: the Philippine province of Pampanga

    OpenAIRE

    Kreuzer, Peter

    2012-01-01

    "The present study investigates provincial politics in Pampanga, an economically highly developed province in the Philippines. The local mode of domination closely resembles practices employed by the classical Mafia of Sicily and Calabria. “Mafia” in this report does not refer to criminal organization but to how a territory and its population is dominated. The analyses of the economic foundations of domination as well as the respective roles of patronage, violence and extralegal practices rev...

  2. Disposal of Rare Earth NORM Residues in Jiangsu Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present situation of NORM residues arising from rare earths extraction and separation in Jiangsu Province has been investigated comprehensively. The management of these residues is discussed and analysed with respect to the separation technology, the activity concentrations, the amounts of residue generated and the regional eco-environmental features. Some conclusions and suggestions on the disposal of these NORM residues are given, with reference to the relevant national laws, regulations and standards. (author)

  3. Induced Institutional Transition of Contract Farming in Shandong Province

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Bao-Chun

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the process of institutional transition of contract farming in Shandong Province. The changes in preparatory stage of contract farming express in: One, the information asymmetry of the two sides of the contract is reducing; Two, the security system of contract farming tends to be perfection; Three, the organizational form of contract farming tends to be simplification. The measures taken in production stage of agricultural product are as follows: The first is investment...

  4. Evaluation of foaling heat in Arabian mares in Ninevah province

    OpenAIRE

    M. A. Rahawy

    2012-01-01

    The present study was conducted to study the relationship between breeding season of Arabian mares at first estrous afterfoaling and pregnancy rate. Thirty six mares were divided in to two groups according to foaling heat in breeding season,transitional periods. Animals included in this study were maintained with the same management and conditions in the specialbreeding stables. This study was performed in a farm located in Nineveh province during the period from June 2008 to June2010. The ma...

  5. Strategic Marketing Plan for Huishang Bank in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Qian, Yani

    2010-01-01

    Huishang Bank Corporation Limited Company was founded on December 28, 2005, and it has operated since January 1, 2006. Before it was established, it merged with six cities' commercial banks and seven urban credit banks in Anhui Province. It then became the first regional bank which had developed from city commercial bank in China. In the last five years, Huishang bank has already got significant progress, and it entered top 500 global banks in 2010. This thesis focuses on the strategic m...

  6. Comprehensive evaluation on urban competitiveness - A Case of Xinjiang Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wan, Qiu-cheng

    2009-01-01

    This paper constructs the index system and econometric model of comprehensive evaluation on urban competitiveness, then adopts the factor analysis method to measure the urban competitiveness of 22 prefecture-level cities in Xinjiang Province. The 22 prefecture-level cities are divided into four levels according to the measurement result. Comprehensive analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the cities in each level is carried out. And related countermeasures and proposals on how to im...

  7. Problems in Food Safety of Hunan Province and Countermeasures

    OpenAIRE

    OUYANG, Fanfan; Deng, Fangming

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, serious food safety accidents are of frequent occurrence. Although government has taken many practical and feasible measures to contain food safety accidents, new food safety accidents still emerge in large numbers. In this situation, food safety control is a long-term and arduous task to be performed jointly by many government departments. Finally, it presents corresponding countermeasures and recommendations on the basis of current situations of food safety in Hunan Provinc...

  8. Influencing Factors on Farming System Development in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental situation of the farming system in Shandong Province is introduced.At present,Shandong Province is at the semi-intensive,semi-commercial and semi-sufficiency level of farming system.Eastern coast and central Shandong agricultural zones are moving in the direction of modern farming system,having formed a preliminary new pattern of the coordinated development of grain,feedstuff,economic and other crops.Influencing factors on the development of farming system in Shandong Province is analyzed,which are agricultural production condition and input level,population and food,policy measures,development of natural resources and regions,agricultural industrialization and urbanization level,and scientific and technological level.Total population will be within 100 million at the year 2020;per capita annual share of grain will be 475 kilograms;and there is great pressure on grain production.Therefore,we must change the pattern of agricultural development and accelerate the establishment of modern farming system.Agricultural machinery,water conservancy projects,and chemical fertilizer application have greatly affected the development of farming system.Improvement of production conditions has promoted the adjustment of agricultural structure,increased the planting ratio of winter wheat-summer maize,and improved multiple-cropping index.Development of agricultural industrialization has promoted the transfer of rural labor force and the establishment of modern farming system;while the unbalanced development of cities has restricted the establishment of modern farming system.Therefore,the appropriate policy,scientific and rational regional distribution,and advanced science and technology can help to set up the modern farming system in Shandong Province.

  9. Development of Low Permeability Oilfields in Shengli Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Binhai; Fan Naifu

    1995-01-01

    @@ Shengli oil province,complicated in geology and rich in resources, is the second largest oil production basin of China. Except for some big/medium sized oil/gas field with high and medium permeability which have already been put into production. There are 11oil fields at great depth with low permeability of less than 50 ×10-3 μm2 have been discovered with 12. 2% of the total proved original oil in place.

  10. The Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province: petrographic, geochemical and geochronological characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Alto Paraguay Province is located at the border of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, between the coordinates 21 deg 10'to 23 deg 25'of Southern latitude and 57 deg 10' to 58 deg 00', having the city of Porto Murtinho as the main reference point. The geotectonic domain of the area is governed by the precambric units of the Southern extreme of the Amazonic craton which developed a long and accentuated activity, giving rise to folds and important faults, that in several cases seem to have exerted an effective control of the magmatic manifestations. Radiometric data indicate that the emplacement of the syenitic bodies took place in the Permo-Triassic period, with a major incidence in the interval 260-240 Ma, representing thus, an important phase of alkaline magmatic affinity associated to the Parana Basin which is believed is to be unique, since the other known areas (Central, Amambay and Rio Apa Provinces, Paraguay, Velasco Province, Bolivia) are considerably younger (140-120 Ma). Syenitic rocks from the Alto Paraguay Province show wide variation in the ratio 87 Sr/86 Sr (0.703361 - 0.707734). Excluding the Cerro Boggiani rocks (0.703837-0.707734), values for the nepheline syenites (0.703361-0.703672) general lower than those of the other syenites types. Alkaline syenites cover the interval 0.703510- 0.703872, while quartz syenites and syenogranites are 0.704562 and 0.707076, respectively. geologic evidence, in addition to petrographic, geochemical and isotopic (Sr) data, suggest that the syenitic rocks have been derived from an unique mantelic parental liquid, by fractional crystallization and assimilation processes, which are assumed to be occurred during the emplacement of the magma in the crust. (author)

  11. Developmental Strategies of Betel nut Industry in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jun; Han, Xuan; Liu, Li-Yun; Feng, Mei-li; Li, Zhuan; Qin, Hai-tang

    2010-01-01

    The developmental status of the betel nut industry is introduced, including cultivation situation, processing and development situation, and consumer market situation. The result shows that the cultivation of betel nut in Hainan Province develops rapidly and the primary processing of betel nut has formed certain scale, but the deep processing of betel nut is backward. Except for the minority of the betel nuts consumed by Hainan Island, a large majority of the betel nuts are processed into dry...

  12. Carrying Capacity of Cultivated Land in Henan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Jie, Li; Hong, Lin

    2010-01-01

    According to the 1998-2008 Henan Statistic Yearbook, Grey Forecasting Model and Time Series Model are used to forecast the carrying capacity of cultivated land in Henan Province. According to the contradiction between limited carrying capacity of cultivated land and the growth of population and food safety, we should strictly implement land use planning, enhance the land protection awareness of farmers, establish effective mechanism of cultivated land protection, promote the land ecumenical a...

  13. New records for the Turkish macrofungi from Amasya province

    OpenAIRE

    AKTAŞ, Sinan; ÖZTÜRK, Celâleddin; KAŞIK, Gıyasettin; DOĞAN, Hasan Hüseyin

    2009-01-01

    Macrofungi specimens were collected from different localities in Amasya province between 2002 and 2005, particularly during the months of spring and autumn. In all, 16 species were identified as new records; 1 species belongs to Ascomycetes and the other 15 species belong to Basidiomycetes. These new species are Hypoxylon multiforme, Polyporus melanopus, Hygrophorus pratensis var. pratensis, Hygrocybe ovina, Clitocybe ornamentalis, Hemimycena pseudocrispula, Mycena adscendens, Baespora myriad...

  14. Market orientation vs. inovativeness of SMEs of Podlaskie province

    OpenAIRE

    Joanna Ejdys

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to examine the impact of marketing orientation on the innovation level among Small and Medium Size (SMEs) from Podlaskie Province. A survey utilizing a questionnaire was conducted among 137 companies in the Podlaskie Voivodeship. Altogether 3 hypotheses concerning marketing orientation and innovativeness level have been examined with the use of the hierarchical regression techniques. The relation between three types of marketing orientation and innovativeness has been analy...

  15. Incidence of Neonatal Hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars Province, South Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Gholamhossein Amirhakimi; Zohreh Karamizadeh; Mahtab Ordoei; Hamdollah Karamifar

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Phenylalanine hydroxylase or its cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), deficiency causes accumulation of phenylalanine in body fluids and central nervous system. Considering the fact that hyperphenylalaninemia is a preventable cause of mental retardation in infants, the objective of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars province, south of Iran.Methods: In a period of one year from November 2007 to November 2008 blood samples were withd...

  16. Geochemical characterization of Quaternary tephras from the Campanian Province, Italy

    OpenAIRE

    C. S. M. Turney; Blockley, S.P.E.; Lowe, J.J.; Sabine Wulf; N. P. Branch; G. Mastrolorenzo; Swindle, G.; Nathan, R; Pollard, A. M.;  

    2008-01-01

    The Campanian province has a rich history of human interaction with volcanic eruptions. In a region currently inhabited by 3 million people, it is crucial to have precise and accurate geochemical characterization of volcanic units within the region so as to identify the spatial distribution of past events. Furthermore, tephrochronology is becoming an important tool in the region for correlating past environmental records. Unfortunately, many of the key units have been geochemically analysed u...

  17. Epidemiological analysis of injury in Shandong Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Jiyu

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Injury is an emerging public health problem with social development and modernization in developing countries. To describe the prevalence and burden of injury and provide elaborate information for policy development, we conducted a community-based household survey in the Shandong Province of China. Methods The survey was conducted in 2004. Participants were selected by a multi-stage random sampling method. Information on injuries occurring in 2003 was collected in four cities and six rural counties in Shandong Province, China. Results The estimated incidence rate of injury in Shandong Province was 67.7 per 1,000. Injury incidence was higher in rural areas (84.3 per 1,000 than in urban areas (42.9 per 1,000, and was higher among males (81.1 per 1,000 than females (54.1 per 1,000. The average years of potential life lost is 37.7 years for each fatal injury. All injuries together caused 6,080,407 RMB yuan of direct and indirect economic loss, with traffic injuries accounting for 44.8% of the total economic loss. Conclusion Injury incidence was higher among males than females, and in rural areas than in urban areas. Youngsters suffered the highest incidence of injury. Injury also caused large losses in terms of both economics and life, with traffic injuries contributing the most to this loss. Strategies for prevention of injury should be developed.

  18. The South-East Karst Province of South Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimes, K. G.

    1994-03-01

    The South-East Karst Province of South Australia is an extensive area of low relief with dolines, cenotes, uvalas, and a variety of cave types developed in the soft, porous, flat-lying Tertiary Gambier Limestone and also as syngenetic karst in the overlying calcarenite dunes of the Pleistocene Bridgewater Formation. The most spectacular surface karst features are the large collapse dolines, especially those that extend below the water table to form cenotes. Shallow swampy hollows occur in superficial Quaternary sediments. These are an enigmatic feature of the Bool Region, where all gradations appear to occur between definite karst dolines and nonkarstic hollows. Some depressions may be polygenetic—involving a combination of: (1) primary depositional hollows on coastal flats or in dune fields, (2) deflation, and (3) karst solution and subsidence. There are extensive underwater cave systems in the southern part of the province, and the bulk of the cave development there may well lie below the present water table, although these systems would have been at least partly drained during the lower sea levels of the last glacial period. Systematic variations within the province reflect differences in the parent rock types, the extent and nature of the cover and, most importantly, the hydrology—in particular the depth to the water table and its gradient.

  19. Investigation of Vegetation Species in Desert Areas of Fars Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fozoni, L.; Fakhireh, A.

    2009-04-01

    The Fars province is located in the south of IRAN, with area of 122830Km2. This areas involved saline and alkaline soils. The aim of this research is investigation of salty lands and vegetation degradation for offering of sociable species for any area. Recognition studying of desert area in Fars province was identified using all available data and using GIS and RS technologies. In this study, main indicators have been appointed using Floristical-Fizionomicaly method. Vegetation per cent, growth form, density and altitude were considered as main indicators. More than 50 species of halophytes were collected and 25 plant types were identified in 17 zones of studied area. The main plant types were as follows: Hammada, Halocnemum-Aeluropus and Halocnemum-limonium. Ultimately, halophytes cover map was prepared. In the end of growth season, 50 soil samples from halophyte types in two horizons 0-30cm and 30-100cm were taken and tested. The result showed, the studied area, has saline lands surface and high salinity land with cover of 9000Km2. Keyword: Saline Soil, Alkaline Soil, Halophytes, Fars Province

  20. Field test of new poplar clone in Shangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Guang-hua; JIANG Yue-zhong; QIAO Yu-ling; B.Nottola

    2003-01-01

    Poplar is one of the dominant tree species for the establishment of fast growing plantations in Shandong Province. Eighteen poplar clones belonging to Populus aigeiros section were introduced from Italy, Turkey and domestic regions. Populus deltoides cv. 'Lux' I-69/55 (I-69), which was widely used in Shandong Province, China, was taken as control clone (I-69). Following a randomized complete block design, seedling test and controlled afforestation trials were carried out at Juxian County, Caoxian County and Laiyang City. The results showed that the poplar clone (Populus × euramericana cv. '102/74'), namely 102/74, performed well both in terms of adaptability and growth rate. The mean height of 13.9 m (H), diameter at breast height of 18.0 cm (DBH) and volume growth of 0.1445 m3 (V) were 2.2 %, 21.6% and 52.9 % higher than those of I-69 (CK), respectively, at the age of 5 years at three experimental sites. Moreover, the clone can be propagated easily and showed high resistance to poplar disease, pest as well as salinity and had longer growing period. Furthermore, wood basic density and fiber length of new poplar clone (102/74) were as same as I-69 (CK). It was concluded that the selected clone (102/74) was ideal for the establishment of fast-growing poplar plantations, especially for the pulpwood plantations in Shandong Province.

  1. Research on the Industrial Ecologicalization in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By using ecological carrying capacity, ecological footprint method and shift-share analysis and the data from Yunnan Statistical Yearbook and China Statistical Yearbook, the status quo of industrial ecologicalization development in Yunnan Province is analyzed from the aspects of consumption of resources and environment, production technology and industrial pollution and industrial structure. The results show that the economic growth in Yunnan Province is based on the huge consumption of resources; the consumption of natural environment has surpassed its carrying capacity; the production technology is relatively backward and the comprehensive use efficiency of the "three wastes" is low; the solid waste emission of the ten thousand GDP far exceeds the average level of the whole county; the total emissions of industrial waste gas and domestic sewage are increasing; the efficiency of industrial structure is bad. On the strength of the analysis, the relevant measures on ecological industrial development in Yunnan Province is put forward, covering strengthening the awareness of saving resources and protecting environment; establishing energy-saving type national economy and social system; actively adjusting industrial structure; strengthening ecological construction of the three major industries.

  2. EVALUATION OF ECOLOGICAL SERVICES OF JILIN PROVINCE, NORTHEAST CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Shu-xia; SHANG Jin-cheng; GUO Huai-cheng

    2004-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to give evaluation of ecological services of Jilin Province,Northeast China.To take this value into decision-making and GDP accounting system is considered to be one of the economic solutions for ecological problems.The evaluation is based on the methods proposed by COSTANZA et al.,and some modifications about unit value of forest and cropland system were made according to the real characters of ecosystem,climate,natural conditions etc.,in Jilin Province.Total value of ecosystem services is about 554.404×109yuan(RMB)/a,which is about 4.9 times of GDP of the corresponding period.The results of this study could be used as a fundamental work for the construction of ecological province,which was carried out from 2001,and could provide ecological information for decision-making.Furthermore,the necessities for the further studies on the evaluation of ecological services and natural capital were discussed.

  3. Uranium provinces and their time-bound characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although uranium is ubiquitous, it needs a certain geological setting in order to accumulate and it has been demonstrated that the migration and concentration of uranium depends primarily on its oxidation state and on the presence of certain elements which constitute the earth's crust. The uranium provinces of the globe are distinctly time-bound and occur in a series of five clearly defined mega-rhythms ranging from the early Proterozoic to the Recent. A different type, or a combination of different types, of mineralization is found to be characteristic of each epoch, and study of these variations has in the recent past led to a better understanding of the behaviour of uranium under wide-ranging conditions. This paper reviews the time-bound characteristics of the uranium provinces of southern Africa in the context of their global setting and their relationship to other uranium provinces. The nature and origin of the hiatus between each of the major pulses of uranium mineralization are also reflected on

  4. Spatial and Statistical Analysis of Leptospirosis in Guilan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nia, A. Mohammadi; Alimohammadi, A.; Habibi, R.; Shirzadi, M. R.

    2015-12-01

    The most underdiagnosed water-borne bacterial zoonosis in the world is Leptospirosis which especially impacts tropical and humid regions. According to World Health Organization (WHO), the number of human cases is not known precisely. Available reports showed that worldwide incidences vary from 0.1-1 per 100 000 per year in temperate climates to 10-100 per 100 000 in the humid tropics. Pathogenic bacteria that is spread by the urines of rats is the main reason of water and soil infections. Rice field farmers who are in contact with infected water or soil, contain the most burden of leptospirosis prevalence. In recent years, this zoonotic disease have been occurred in north of Iran endemically. Guilan as the second rice production province (average=750 000 000 Kg, 40% of country production) after Mazandaran, has one of the most rural population (Male=487 679, Female=496 022) and rice workers (47 621 insured workers) among Iran provinces. The main objectives of this study were to analyse yearly spatial distribution and the possible spatial clusters of leptospirosis to better understand epidemiological aspects of them in the province. Survey was performed during the period of 2009-2013 at rural district level throughout the study area. Global clustering methods including the average nearest neighbour distance, Moran's I and General G indices were utilized to investigate the annual spatial distribution of diseases. At the end, significant spatial clusters have been detected with the objective of informing priority areas for public health planning and resource allocation.

  5. Malaria Situation and Anopheline Mosquitoes in Qom Province, Central Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Farzinnia

    2010-12-01

    Methods: This study was carried out in two parts. First stage was data collection about malaria cases using recorded documents of patients in the Province health center, during 2001–2008. The second stage was entomological survey conducted by mosquito larval collection method in 4 villages with different geographical positions in 2008. Data were analyzed using Excel software. Results: Of 4456 blood slides, 10.9% out were positive. Most of cases were imported from other countries (90.4%, mainly from Afghanistan (56.5% and Pakistan (16.3%. Slide positive rate showed a maximum of 16.9% and a minimum of 2.9% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Plasmodium vivax was causative agent of 93.75% of cases, fol­lowed by P. falciparum (6.25%. More than 15 years old age group contained the most malaria reported cases (66.7%. Two Anopheles species, An. superpictus and An. claviger were collected and identified. This is the first report of Anopheles claviger in Qom Province. Conclusion: Malaria is in the control stage in Qom Province. The rate of local transmission is very low (only 1 case, shows Anopheles superpictus, as the main malaria vector of central part of Iran, can play its role in malaria transmission in the area.

  6. Molecular Identification of Nosema species in East Azerbaijan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razmaraii, N.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Nosema is a genus of microsporidia, which have significant negative impacts on honeybees. The aim of thisstudy is the epidemiological evaluation and molecular characterization of Nosema spices in various countiesof East-Azerbaijan province (Northwest of Iran. 387 samples were collected from colonies maintained invarious counties of East-Azerbaijan province. Samples after preparation were examined by a lightmicroscope for presence of Nosema spores. PCR method (SSUrRNA gene was used to differentiatebetween Nosema apis (N. apis and N. ceranae. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Totalinfection prevalence of the microscopic evaluation and PCR tests were 225 (58.1% and 260 (67.1%respectively, total validity of PCR test against the microscopic test was computed equal to 1.1 in this case.Disease distribution in various counties of study area was variable and N. ceranae was the only Nosema species found to infect honeybees. The one species presence and different distribution of Nosema positive samples in various counties of East-Azerbaijan province may be due to multiple reasons. Furthermore,epidemiological information helps us to improve disease management practices in the studied area, apply new hygiene policy and reduce extra costs of production.

  7. Research on Farmers’ Property Income in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Relying on the statistics,the property income status of Jiangsu Province is expounded.In the first place,farmers’ property income takes a low proportion to the total income for its small cardinal number;in the second place,although farmers’ property income has increased continuously,the growth fluctuates;in the third place,the growth tempo of farmers’ property income is faster than the growth tempo of net income;in the fourth place,per capita property income of farmers is obviously lower than that of urban residents.The reasons that affect the property income of farmers in Jiangsu Province are analyzed,which cover low income level of rural residents,imperfect land system,imperfect rural financial system,imperfect rural housing system and imperfect rural social security system.On the basis of the above analysis,the targeted measures on improving the property income of farmers in Jiangsu Province are put forward.Firstly,the government should improve farmers’ income and lay solid foundation for property income;secondly,the government should clarify land property rights and explore the land transfer situation;thirdly,the government should accelerate rural financial system reform and perfect rural financial system;fourthly,the government should vigorously implement the transfer of houses in rural collective residents and perfect rural housing rent market;fifthly,the government should promote the reform of rural social security system and solve farmers’ worries.

  8. alpha-thalassemia mutations in Khuzestan Province, Southwest Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zandian, Khodamorad; Nateghi, Jamal; Keikhaie, Bijan; Pedram, Mohammad; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Hadavi, Valeh; Oberkanins, Christian; Azarkeivan, Azita; Law, Hai-Yang; Najmabadi, Hossein

    2008-01-01

    Although alpha-thalassemia (alpha-thal) is the most common hereditary hemoglobin (Hb) disorder in Iran, no comprehensive data are so far available on the prevalence of the disease in the province of Khuzestan in Southwest Iran. This study investigates the spectrum of alpha-thal mutations in this region. One hundred and twenty-one subjects from Khuzestan Province, Iran, were initially tested for the three most common Iranian alpha-thal mutations (- alpha3.7, -alpha4.2, and --MED) by gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR). Reverse hybridization test strips and DNA sequencing were used to identify additional alpha-globin mutations. A total of 131 mutated alpha-globin alleles were identified in these patients. Of the 13 mutations that were detected in Khuzestan Province, Iran, the - alpha3.7 single gene deletion was the most frequently identified variant, representing 62.6% of the total; we also observed significant numbers of individuals with compound heterozygous mutations. On the basis of our results, we strongly recommend screening for the most common mutations to improve the molecular diagnosis of anemia in this region. PMID:19065332

  9. Incidence of Neonatal Hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars Province South Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdollah Karamifar

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Phenylalanine hydroxylase or its cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, deficiency causes accumulation of phenylalanine in body fluids and central nervous system. Considering the fact that hyperphenylalaninemia is a preventable cause of mental retardation in infants, the objective of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital hyperphenylalaninemia in Fars province, south of Iran.Methods:In a period of one year from November 2007 to November 2008 blood samples were withdrawn from all newborns born in Fars province for measurement of serum phenylalanine. The samples with a serum level of � 2 mg/dl were referred to pediatric endocrine clinic for confirmation and determination of the type of hyperphenylalaninemia by quantitive serum phenylalanine measurements by using High-Pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC method.Findings:Nine out of 76966 newborns had a serum phenylalanine level �2mg/dl, of which 8 cases were confirmed by HPLC. The incidence of the disease was 1:10000. The incidence of mild hyperphenylalaninemia and phenylketonuria (PKU among the patients was 62.5% and 37.5% respectively and the incidence of BH4 deficiency was 1/76966.Conclusion:These findings indicate a high incidence of hyperphenylalaninemia, in the newborns from Fars province. The high incidence makes a comprehensive screening program for management of the disease necessary.

  10. Farmers’ State of Mind and the Policy Thinking for the Cotton Production in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruobing; HAN; Lin; ZHOU; Jilian; HU

    2013-01-01

    Affected by the meteorological disasters and market fluctuations,the growing area,yield and quality of cotton in Shandong Province have been reduced to varying degrees in recent years.The majority of farmers are regarded as the main body of agricultural production,whose enthusiasm for growing cotton and confidence in the cotton market play a significant role in stabilizing the growing area and improving the quality of cotton.We randomly select the cotton farmers for in-depth interview,to understand the situation of cotton cultivation and their state of mind for growing,aimed at deriving the factors influencing farmers’willingness to grow cotton.In the future,it is necessary to make the best use of the advantages and bypass the disadvantages,and in a timely manner curb the decline of cotton cultivation in the process of guiding and encouraging the cotton cultivation,in order to solve the problems of low farmers’willingness to grow cotton and sluggish cotton industry from the root.

  11. Research on Factors Influencing Fertilizer Application of Farmer Households in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhiwei; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Known as the " food of grain",chemical fertilizer plays a very important role in increasing the output of agricultural products. In the meantime,its negative externalities such as soil and water environment pollutions as well as the quality and safety hazards caused to agricultural products have been revealed gradually. Taking 126 farmer households in 5 counties( districts) of Anhui Province as samples,the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households are analyzed. Research shows that farmers applying fertilizer are generally older in age with relatively lower degree of education,inveterate farming habits and small area of cultivation. Besides,the farmer households wish to receive training and guidance on techniques of fertilization,but very few of them have attended the trainings on agricultural technology. Moreover,the individual characteristics and family factors of farmer households have a significant impact on their fertilizer application behaviors. And the degrees of impact are also different for the fertilizer applying behaviors in different stages. Therefore,improving the educational level of farmer households,strengthening the training and promotion of agricultural techniques and accelerating land transfer among farmer households will play a fundamental role in regularizing the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households and improving the quality and safety of agricultural products.

  12. Investigation and Solutions of Rural Micro Insurance——A Case of Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the strength of investigation,the status quo of rural micro insurance of Hebei Province is introduced.The results show that it is characterized by the following features:rapid development;continuously increased experimental types and experimental areas;increasingly improved ability of serving the economic and social development;the combination of micro insurance and small loan has achieved success.Based on the efforts of analyzing the questionnaires,the following problems of the development of rural small loan are detected.For instance,the inadequate promotion on micro insurance;peasants’ weak awareness of insurance;unclear understanding of the functions of micro insurance;unitary marketing channel of micro insurance;complex reasons of peasants’ unwillingness to buy micro insurance and the poor service quality of insurance company.In view of these problems,countermeasures and suggestions are put forward,which include strengthening the promotion on micro insurance,improving peasants’ awareness of insurance;expanding the marketing channel and innovating operation mode;innovating the products of micro insurance and encouraging technological innovation;improving the quality of service and establishing the excellent image of insurance company;strengthening the support from government and assisting peasants to insure.

  13. A key to the Soricidae, Macroscelididae, Gliridae and Muridae of Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christia H. Newbery

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A practical key to the shrews, elephant-shrews, dormice, rats and mice based on external field characteristics is presented. Size, tail features and lengths, dorsal and ventral body colour, etc. are the important characteristics, while habitat and distribution are also incorporated. The small mammals included in the key are from Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province.

  14. ALLOCATION STATUS OF MRI IN SHANXI PROVINCE,P.R.CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueze Liu; Jianwen Cao; Zuxun Lu

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the current status of magnetic resonance imagers (MRI) in Shanxi province and provide evidence for decision-making on the allocation of MRI in China. Methods Data on the allocation of MRI in Shanxi province from 1998 to 2002 were obtained using standardized questionnaires. Descriptive statistic was generated. Results Six major trends can be discerned from the study. 1) MRI is diffusing slower in Shanxi province than other countries including some developing countries such as Mexico. 2) MRI was firstly installed in tertiary level hospitals and then diffusion in lower level hospitals in Shanxi province. 3) Most of MR1 with superconducting magnet system have been installed in higher level hospitals. 4) The number of MRI in Shanxi province and Taiyuan municipality (the metropolis of Shanxi province) is more than that of standard promulgated by National Committee of Plan, and Ministry of Finance and MOH. 5) Although MRI diffusion in Shanxi province is developed rapidly, the number of MRI in Shanxi province is still less than the number of CT scanners. 6) Permanent magnet and superconducting magnet has emerged as the dominant MRI technology in Shanxi province. Conclusions 1) Diffusion of permanent magnet MRI should be supported sakes for a better function/price in the area of lower economic level such as Shanxi province. 2) Diffusion of MRI should be consistent with economic level. Economic level of districts should be considered when health policy related to MRI diffusion was made.

  15. An Empirical Analysis of Influential Factors in International Tourism Income in Sichuan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qizhi Yang

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Sichuan Province is abundant in tourism resources, a big tourism province. Its tourism income occupies a relatively great rate in the total output value of local area. However, an analysis of the tourism income structure of Sichuan Province, it is found that whether in terms of the total output or the proportion it occupies, the international tourism income lags behind domestic tourism income. In the meanwhile, whether compared with such cosmopolis as Beijing and Shanghai or compared with Jiangsu and Shandong, the international tourism income of Sichuan Province occupies a small rate, which is out of line with the status of big tourism province of Sichuan Province. However, as a primary means for foreign exchange earning in Sichuan Province, the international tourism income has a significance that can not be ignored. Thus, it is necessary to analyze the influential factors that affect the international tourism income of Sichuan Province, take relevant measures to improve the international tourism condition in Sichuan Province, improve the international tourism income and make greater contributions to economic development of foreign exchange earning in Sichuan Province.

  16. Status of and changes in water quality monitored for the Idaho statewide surface-water-quality network, 1989—2002

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Mark A.; Parliman, Deborah J.; O'Dell, Ivalou

    2005-01-01

    The Idaho statewide surface-water-quality monitoring network consists of 56 sites that have been monitored from 1989 through 2002 to provide data to document status and changes in the quality of Idaho streams. Sampling at 33 sites has covered a wide range of flows and seasons that describe water-quality variations representing both natural conditions and human influences. Targeting additional high- or low-flow sampling would better describe conditions at 20 sites during hydrologic extremes. At the three spring site types, sampling covered the range of flow conditions from 1989 through 2002 well. However, high flows at these sites since 1989 were lower than historical high flows as a result of declining ground-water levels in the Snake River Plain. Summertime stream temperatures at 45 sites commonly exceeded 19 and 22 degrees Celsius, the Idaho maximum daily mean and daily maximum criteria, respectively, for the protection of coldwater aquatic life. Criteria exceedances in stream basins with minimal development suggest that such high temperatures may occur naturally in many Idaho streams. Suspended-sediment concentrations were generally higher in southern Idaho than in central and northern Idaho, and network data suggest that the turbidity criteria are most likely to be exceeded at sites in southern Idaho and other sections of the Columbia Plateaus geomorphic province. This is probably because this province has more fine-grained soils that are subject to erosion and disturbance by land uses than the Northern Rocky Mountains province of northern and central

  17. Student Motivations, Quality and Status in Adult Higher Education (AHE) in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Naixia; Morgan, W. John

    2009-01-01

    This article examines an important and yet neglected aspect of the relationship between higher education and the labour market in contemporary China. It does this through a detailed case study of student motivations, quality and status in adult higher education (AHE) in the city of Taiyuan, Shanxi Province. This is a region which has seen major…

  18. Quality factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quality factor, Q, is a dimensionless modifier used in converting absorbed dose, expressed in rads (or grays), to dose equivalent, expressed in rems (or seiverts). The dose equivalent is used in radiation protection to account for the biological effectiveness of different kinds of radiation. The quality factor is related to both the linear energy transfer (LET) and relative biological effectiveness (RBE). The RBE's obtained from biological experiments depend in a complex way on the observed biological effect, the specific test organism, and the experimental conditions. Judgement is involved, therefore, in the choice of the quality factor. Questions regarding the adequacy of current Q values for neutrons were raised first in a 1980 statement by the National Council on Radiation Protection (NCRP) and later in a 1985 statement by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). In 1980, the NCRP alerted the technical community to possible future increases between a factor of three and ten in the Q for neutrons, and in 1985, the ICRP suggested an increase by a factor of two in Q for neutrons. Both the ICRP and NRCP are now recommending essentially the same guidance with regard to Q for neutrons: an increase by a factor of two. The Q for neutrons is based on a large, albeit unfocused, body of experimental data. In spite of the lack of focus, the data supporting a change in the neutron quality factor are substantial. However, the proposed doubling of Q for neutrons is clouded by other issues regarding its application. 33 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs

  19. Quality patents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, K

    1994-01-01

    Watermark Patent and Trademark Attorneys has recently been accepted by the Council of National Association of Testing Authorities, Australia as operating a Quality Management System that complies with the requirements of AS3901/ISO9001 for the creation and servicing of Australian and overseas patents, trademarks and designs and provision of related advice. It is believed that Watermark is the first firm of Patent Attorneys in the world to achieve this. PMID:7765675

  20. Long duration (>4 Ma) and steady-state volcanic activity in the early Cretaceous Paraná-Etendeka Large Igneous Province: New palaeomagnetic data from Namibia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodd, Sarah C.; Mac Niocaill, Conall; Muxworthy, Adrian R.

    2015-03-01

    There is long-standing correlation between Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) and major mass extinction events in the Geological Record, postulated to be due to the emission of large quantities of volcanic gases over a geologically short period of time causing major climatic perturbations within the Earth system. The ∼135 Ma Paraná-Etendeka volcanic province of Brazil and Namibia represents something of an enigma amongst LIPs. Despite an erupted volume (>1 Mkm3) comparable to other LIPs associated with mass extinctions, such as the Siberian or Deccan traps, it is not linked to a known mass extinction event. This suggests that the Paraná-Etendeka volcanic province was emplaced over longer timescales than other LIPs, and/or emitted a lower concentration of volatiles, directly or indirectly during its emplacement. We present a new, detailed magnetostratigraphy for the Etendeka portion of the province that suggests emplacement took place over longer timescales (>4 Ma) than those associated with other LIPs. Palaeomagnetic analysis of 893 specimens from 99 sites, in sections that encompass nearly the complete Etendeka stratigraphy, yielded high-quality data from 70 sites (612 specimens). These record 16 individual polarity intervals, which can be correlated with Chrons 15 to 11 of the geomagnetic polarity time scale (GPTS) while also providing two new, high quality palaeopoles for South Africa at 130-135 Ma. Our magnetostratigraphy reveals a minimum period of volcanic activity in excess of 4 Myrs and, importantly, we find no evidence for major changes in the rates of volcanic activity through that time period, in contrast to other LIPs where volcanism seems to be concentrated in major pulses. This suggests that the anomalously feeble environmental impact of Paraná-Etendeka volcanism may be due to lower effusion rates reducing the atmospheric loading due to volcanogenic volatiles.