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Sample records for antwerp province quality

  1. KWARTA (Quality Assurance in the Radiotherapy centres of the Antwerp province): Quality control of the contract therapy machine and treatment planning system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Ost, B.; Schaeken, B.; Vanregemorter, J. [Algemeen Ziekenhuis Middelheim, Antwerp (Belgium); Bellekens, L. [Sint-Vincentius Ziekenhuis, Antwerp (Belgium); Cardoen, R.; Pieters, D. [Medisch Instituut Sint Augustinus, Wilrijk (Belgium); Goossens, H. [Sint-Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Turnhout (Belgium); Haest, K.; Mertens, N. [Sint Norbertus Ziekenhuis, Duffel (Belgium)

    1995-12-01

    During the first year of the provincial QA project, joint procedures were set up for the routine quality control of linear accelerators, Cobalt treatment machines and simulators. A set of standard forms was produced for use in all centres, respecting the differences in each individual machine. Since forms are now in use in all centres, the second year of the project mainly focused on the QA/QC of the contract therapy machine and treatment planning system. QC measurements for the contract therapy machines were performed in air or in a phantom. Since the output was checked with the same ionisation chamber (0.33 cc flat chamber calibrated for 50 kV) and the same type of electrometer in all centres, the results could be compared mutually and with the reference values. The major parameter groups, tested for the treatment planning system were: isodose distribution (visual control of all square fields in the database of the system), PDD data (analysing of 10 x 10 cm{sup 2}, 20 x 20 cm{sup 2}, 30 x 30 cm{sup 2} and 40 x 40 cm{sup 2} open or wedged fields), output factors, wedge and tray factors, inverse square law, geometrical testing of the digitizer - screen - printer and geometrical and densitometrical testing of the CT images - screen - printer. Between 496 and 1243 parameters were investigated in the different centres (depending on the presence of the electron data). Irregularities (0 % to 4 % of the total investigated parameters) were reported to the respective physicist.

  2. Health Impact Assessment of a Predicted Air Quality Change by Moving Traffic from an Urban Ring Road into a Tunnel. The Case of Antwerp, Belgium.

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    Daan Van Brusselen

    Full Text Available The Antwerp ring road has a traffic density of 300,000 vehicles per day and borders the city center. The 'Ringland project' aims to change the current 'open air ring road' into a 'filtered tunneled ring road', putting the entire urban ring road into a tunnel and thus filtering air pollution. We conducted a health impact assessment (HIA to quantify the possible benefit of a 'filtered tunneled ring road', as compared to the 'open air ring road' scenario, on air quality and its long-term health effects.We modeled the change in annual ambient PM2.5 and NO2 concentrations by covering 15 kilometers of the Antwerp ring road in high resolution grids using the RIO-IFDM street canyon model. The exposure-response coefficients used were derived from a literature review: all-cause mortality, life expectancy, cardiopulmonary diseases and childhood Forced Vital Capacity development (FVC.Our model predicts changes between -1.5 and +2 μg/m³ in PM2.5 within a 1,500 meter radius around the ring road, for the 'filtered tunneled ring road' scenario as compared to an 'open air ring road'. These estimated annual changes were plotted against the population exposed to these differences. The calculated change of PM2.5 is associated with an expected annual decrease of 21 deaths (95% CI 7 to 41. This corresponds with 11.5 deaths avoided per 100,000 inhabitants (95% CI 3.9-23 in the first 500 meters around the ring road every year. Of 356 schools in a 1,500 meter perimeter around the ring road changes between -10 NO2 and + 0.17 μg/m³ were found, corresponding to FVC improvement of between 3 and 64ml among school-age children. The predicted decline in lung cancer mortality and incidence of acute myocardial infarction were both only 0.1 per 100,000 inhabitants or less.The expected change in PM2,5 and NO2 by covering the entire urban ring road in Antwerp is associated with considerable health gains for the approximate 352,000 inhabitants living in a 1,500 meter perimeter

  3. Recent Discoveries on Antwerp Panel Makers' Marks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadum, Jørgen

    1993-01-01

    more can be added to our comprehension of the way the panel makers worked in Antwerp. In the following paper I shall give a brief summary of the present state of research, as well as outline the complicated task of interpreting these marks and their use as a dating tool. The ready-made supports...

  4. Coping with crisis. Career strategies of Antwerp painters after 1585

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    David van der Linden

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how painters responded to the crisis on the Antwerp art market in the 1580s. Although scholarship has stressed the profound crisis and subsequent emigration wave, prosopographical analysis shows that only a minority of painters left the city. Demand for Counter-Reformation artworks allowed many to pursue their career in Antwerp, while others managed to survive the crisis by relying on cheap apprentices and the export of mass-produced paintings. Emigrant painters, on the other hand, minimised the risk of migration by settling in destinations that already had close artistic ties to Antwerp, such as Middelburg. Prosopographical analysis thus allows for a more nuanced understanding of artistic careers in the Low Countries.

  5. Rice quality in relation to market prices in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENLijuan; FANXingming

    1996-01-01

    Factors affecting rice quality and their impacts on market price were investigated in this study. On-farm survey and market survey was undertaken in three selected sites namely Kunruing, Dali, and Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province, China. Market sampling was conducted to determine important rice quality characteristics.

  6. Career choices of migrant artists between Amsterdam and Antwerp. The Van Nieulandt brothers

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    Eric Jan Sluijter

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay examines the career choices of the brothers Guilliam II and Adriaen II van Nieulandt. Both were born in Antwerp but moved with their parents to Amsterdam at a young age. Guilliam returned to Antwerp to make his career, while Adriaen became embedded in Amsterdam’s artistic community. All members of their family – in Antwerp, Amsterdam and Rome – remained in close contact with each other, though changes in the religious and political culture left their mark on their professional decisions. Their choices did not yield artistic innovations but conservative styles and subjects based on shared Netherlandish traditions with a strong international flavour.

  7. QUALITY AND QUANTITY SURVEY OF HOSPITAL WASTEWATERS IN HORMOZGAN PROVINCE

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    Sh. Sarafraz, M. R. Khani, K. Yaghmaeian

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Hospital wastewaters are one of the most contaminating wastewaters and need to be paid more attention due to containing infectious agents. In this study, which had been conducted in a period of one year, 7 public hospitals were selected out of 12 public hospitals in Hormozgan Province of Iran. For studying quality of wastewater in hospitals, both influent and effluent wastewaters of treatment plant, if any, were sampled once in each season and totally 30 mixed samples were obtained. In order to determine the quality of hospital wastewaters in all samples, parameters such as pH, BOD5, COD, TSS and temperature were measured. Results of investigation on annual water consumption indicated that average water consumption in hospitals of the province was 194m3/d., considering water-to-wastewater conversion ratio of 0.8 and green yard ratio of 0.3. Wastewater production rate had been estimated to be 47m3/d and 0.362 m3/d.bed. Results indicated that in 7 hospitals of Hormozgan province, mean values of BOD5 ,COD ,TSS in raw wastewater were 242.25 mg/L, 628.1 mg/L and 231.25 mg/L, respectively, pH=7.42 and temperature=30.17 ºC. In Khalij-e-Fars hospital which had wastewater treatment plant, values of these parameters in effluent were 12.53 mg/L and 51.7 mg/L, 19.68 mg/L, respectively, with pH=7.39 and temperature=26.1 ºC. Comparison between values of influent and effluent wastewaters indicated that in understudy cases, contamination rate was higher than determined limits, as compared to environmental standards of the country and it was necessary to establish appropriate treatment plants in these units.

  8. In situ investigations of vault paintings in the Antwerp cathedral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deneckere, Annelien; Schudel, Walter; Van Bos, Marina; Wouters, Helena; Bergmans, Anna; Vandenabeele, Peter; Moens, Luc

    2010-02-01

    X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) and Raman spectroscopy have been used to examine 15th century mediaeval and 16th century renaissance vault paintings in the Our Lady's Cathedral (Antwerp, Belgium) in view of their restoration. The use of mobile instruments made it possible to work totally non-destructively. This complementary approach yields information on the elemental (XRF) and on the molecular composition (Raman) of the pigments. For the 15th century vault painting the pigments lead-tin yellow (Pb(2)SnO(4)), lead white (2PbCO(3)xPb(OH)(2)), vermilion (HgS), massicot (PbO) and azurite (2CuCO(3).Cu(OH)(2)) could be identified. The pigments used for the 16th century vault painting could be identified as red lead (Pb(3)O(4)), hematite (Fe(2)O(3)), lead white (2PbCO(3)xPb(OH)(2)) and azurite (2CuCO(3)xCu(OH)(2)). For both paintings the presence of the strong Raman scatterer calcite (CaCO(3)) resulted in a difficult identification of the pigments by Raman spectroscopy. The presence of gypsum (CaSO(4)x2H(2)O) on the mediaeval vault painting probably indicates that degradation took place.

  9. Making medical and research strategic choices: a case study from Antwerp University Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van der Straeten, Johnny

    2013-01-01

    In the early 2000s, Antwerp University Hospital witnessed drastic changes to its circumstances: large general hospitals in the area were marged and the university hospital was privatized and separated from the University of Antwerp, which is primarily a teaching university. In light of these developments, Antwerp University Hospital adopted a strategy of transforming itself into a more specialized centre of expertise. Three fields of specialization were selected by the management as centres of excellence, based on clinical and scientific indicators. In a renewed synergy with the university, a clinical research centre was established to direct joint translational research. The core facilities for translational research were also selected in limited numbers based on strengths and opportunities. After six years, the centre had demonstrated that small, more specialized institutions can also be successful.

  10. Microbiological Quality of Cream-Cakes Sold in Tekirdag Province

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    A. M. Konyalı

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the microbiological qualities of totally 120 cream cakes including chocolate and fruit type, purchased from 30 randomly selected pastry shops in Tekirdağ province. Based on the Turkish Food Codex Microbiological Criterias Communique; 59, 50, 16 and 53 out of 60 chocolate cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (98.3% of the total >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (83.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (26.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (88.3% of the total >103 cfu/g. On the other hand, 60, 56, 19 and 55 out of 60 fruit cake samples tested were found to be potentially hazardous/unacceptible respectively for total mesophilic aerobic bacteria (100 % >105 cfu/g, coliform bacteria (93.3%of the total >102 cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus (31.6% of the total >102 cfu/g and yeast and mould (91.6% of the total >103 cfu/g. Salmonella were not detected in any of the chocolate and fruit cake samples. Obtained results showed that the microbiological qualities of cakes were poor due to poor hygiene and poor food handling practices in pastry shops.

  11. Ultrafine particles at eight urban sites in Antwerp. Instrument comparison and spatiotemporal variation in particle number concentration and size distribution

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    Staelens, J.; Matheeussen, C.; Roekens, E. [Department Air, Environment and Communication, Flemish Environment Agency VMM, Antwerp, 2000 (Belgium); Frijns, E.; Berghmans, P. [Flemish Institute for Technological Research VITO, Mol, 2400 (Belgium); Kos, G.P.A.; Weijers, E.P. [Environment and Energy Engineering, Energy research Centre of the Netherlands ECN, Petten, 1755 ZG (Netherlands); Panteliadis, P. [Department of Air Quality, Public Health Service ofAmsterdam, Amsterdam, 1000 CE (Netherlands); Bergmans, B. [Air Quality, Institut Scientifique de Service Public (ISSeP), Liege, 4000 (Belgium); Wyche, K. [Department of Chemistry, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE2 7TG (United Kingdom)

    2013-03-15

    Due to the short atmospheric lifetime of ultrafine particles (UFP) and their strong dependence on local sources, ambient particle number concentrations and size distributions may vary significantly on short spatial and temporal scales. Because UFP are a primary pollutant that is rapidly transformed by physicochemical processes (dispersion, coagulation, deposition, etc.) and emitted mainly by mobile sources, they show a very high spatial variation. The particle number concentration is known to be elevated near roads and to decrease with increasing distance to the road primarily as a result of dispersion. Therefore, UFP measurements at a single urban background air quality monitoring station may not be indicative of the actual exposure in the communities surrounding this station. To address this problem and to more accurately estimate human exposure and subsequent health impacts of UFP, more intensive measurements on finer spatial scales are needed. Therefore, UFP measurements were carried out at eight urban background or hotspot sites in the city of Antwerp (Belgium)

  12. The other neighbour paradox: Fantasies and frustrations of 'living together' in Antwerp

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vollebergh, A.S.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, Vollebergh investigates the commitment to establishing intercultural encounters by so-called 'active' white Flemish residents in Antwerp, and their perpetual disappointment with the responses of their neighbours of orthodox Jewish and Moroccan backgrounds. Instead of viewing these rel

  13. Low-Educated Second Language and Literacy Acquisition : Proceedings of the 4th Symposium Antwerp 2008

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Craats, Ineke van de; Kurvers, Jeanne

    2009-01-01

    The language and literacy development by adult learners with little or no schooling in their native country continues to be a relatively new and almost unexplored domain. The fourth LESLLA symposium in Antwerp brought together researchers, policy-makers, and practitioners from various countries with

  14. From the Constitution to the Classroom: Educational Freedom in Antwerp's Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Schools

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    Perry-Hazan, Lotem

    2014-01-01

    This study explores how the constitutional right to educational freedom penetrates to the schools of the ultra-Orthodox Jewish (Haredi) community in Antwerp, which is one of the largest Haredi communities in the world. The findings indicate that the constitutional educational freedom is altered by various legal rules, social norms, and…

  15. Evaluation on Ideal Test Sites and Regional Characteristics of Cotton Fiber Quality in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian LI; Naiyin XU

    2015-01-01

    Objective] The aim of this study was to explore the dominant fiber quality traits of test sites in cotton regional trials , by analyzing the regional characteristics of cotton fiber quality in Jiangsu province, in order to provide the theory background for cotton fiber quality improvement. [Method] The dominant fiber quality traits of test locations were analyzed with eight main fiber quality indexes of hybrid cotton regional trials during 2009-2013 in Jiangsu province by use of the "ideal test site"view of GGE biplot. [Result] The test locations with the best integrative fiber quality were proved to be Yanliang, and fol owed by Dongxin and Guanyun; The better test locations in terms of the major fiber quality indexes, including fiber strength, fiber Length and micronaire value, were Guanyun, Xinyang and Yanliang; To sum up, the best test location with balanced fiber quality was Yanliang. The test locations with specialties in fiber quality index were listed as bel ow: Dafeng, Xinghua and Dongtai performance better in fiber length; Qidong, Liuhe and Yanhai locations were of bet-ter fiber length uniformity; Sheyang and Dongxin were better in micronaire value;while Sheyang along was better in fiber elongation and reflectance. Moreover, the correlation between fiber yel owness and other traits was significant (P<0.01). [Con-clusion] The regional characteristic of cotton fiber quality index in Jiangsu province was obvious and fiber yel owness was worthy an indicator trait to assist the compre-hensive improvement of cotton fiber quality.

  16. Does Antwerp Belong to Everyone? Unveiling the Conditional Limits to Inclusive Urban Citizenship

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    Nicolas Van Puymbroeck

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Recent theoretical discussions have indicated that citizenship is not only a way of being, but also a way of behaving. This article aims to show how attempts to regulate the behaviour of the citizenry can introduce a new topography of inclusion and exclusion, thereby exercising a direct effect on particular ethnic minorities. We investigate the issue in Antwerp, the largest city of the Flemish Region in Belgium. With his slogan ‘Antwerp belongs to everyone’ former mayor Patrick Janssens gained significant international attention for Antwerp’s supposedly inclusive conception of urban citizenship. In this article, we argue that the universality of Antwerp’s city slogan has nevertheless veiled the introduction of new exclusionary prescriptions centred around citizens’ conduct. Drawing on a Foucauldian account of power, three different modes of policing are discussed that have rearticulated the boundaries of urban citizenship in Antwerp. The disciplinary, bio-political and etho-political techniques of power each show in a different way attempts by the state to steer and effectively regulate what counts as appropriate conduct. As a corollary of governmental power, particular ways of behaving have been labelled as deviant and abnormal, thus rendering full citizenship conditional on a set of substantial expectations on how to perform as a citizen. As these expectations are only apparently neutral with respect to ethnic identities, a tension arose between the city’s universal and inclusive rhetoric and its particular and exclusionary policies.

  17. Building Forecast Maps Of Water Quality For Main Rivers And Canals In Tien Giang Province, Vietnam

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    Anh Duc Pham

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to enhance the mapping of forecast for water quality assessment in Mekong Delta provinces. The data from 32 sites from main rivers and canals in an area of around 2,482 km2 in Tien Giang Province, Vietnam, were used for calculation and mapping. The ArcGIS 9.3 software, Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW interpolation method, hydrologic data, and water quality parameters in March (2010-2014 were applied to build the maps showing 2020 water quality predictions for main rivers and canals in Tien Giang Province. The estimation was based on the Water Quality Index (WQI with 6 parameters such as pH, total suspended solid (TSS, dissolved oxygen (DO, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD, total nitrogen (T_N, and coliform. The results showed that water quality in the studied area in dry season will not be improved by the year 2020. The finding could be a scientific reference for the selection of effective approaches to improve water quality in main rivers and canals in Tien Giang Province.

  18. Risk Analysis of Underestimate Cost Offer to The Project Quality in Aceh Province

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    Rani, Hafnidar A.

    2016-11-01

    The possibility of errors in the process of offer price determination could be enormous, so it can affect the possibility of project underestimate cost which can impact and reduce the profit if being implementing. Government Equipment/Service Procurement Policy Institution (LKPP) assesses that the practices of cheaper price in the government equipment/service procurement are still highly found and can be potential to decrease the project quality. This study aimed to analyze the most dominant factors happened in underestimate cost offer practice, to analyze the relationship of underestimate cost offer risk factors to road construction project quality in Aceh Province and to analyze the most potential factors of underestimate cost offer risk affecting road construction project quality in Aceh Province. Road construction projects observed the projects which have been implemented in Aceh Province since 2013 - 2015. This study conducted by interviewing Government Budget Authority (KPA), and distributing the questionnaire to the road construction contractors with the qualification of K1, K2, K3, M1, M2 and B1. Based on the data from Construction Service Development Institution (LPJK) of Aceh Province on 2016, the populations obtained are 2,717 constructors. By using Slovin Equation, the research samples obtained are 97 contractors. The most dominant factors in underestimate cost offer risk of the road construction projects in Aceh Province is Contingency Cost Factor which the mean is 4.374.

  19. Sleep Quality among Older Adults in Mehriz, Yazd Province, Iran

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    Hassan Rezaeipandari

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: Regarding the significant relation of sleep quality and some chronic conditions, the importance of educatingthe older adults who suffer from chronic conditions and also their families in this area is displayed. As with planning suitable interventions, we may not only increase the sleep quality among older adults but also treat or reduce the risk of chronic conditions among them.

  20. Iodine content in salt sold in sea coastal province, Thailand:quality reflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sora Yasri; Viroj Wiwanitkit

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To call for attention that the problem of iodine deficiency and low salt quality can still be seen in sea coastal province.Methods:province of Thailand were collected. All samples were passed to the laboratory for the analysis of iodine content. The basic screening tool was I-KIT test (Mahidol University, Thailand), which was the standard test used in previous survey.Results:A total of 225 salt samples from each available marine salt shop in the sea coastal iodine content (100 mg/L). It gave the iodine content failure rate equal to 0%. Of overall 225 samples, there was no sample that could pass the acceptable criteria of Conclusions: Intensive research of the iodine content in salt sold and available in a sea coastal province of Thailand shows that the salt sold in salt shop in this sea coastal province is not locally available from marine salt field but from the dirt salt field from remote provinces because of the higher cost of marine salt. As a result, the control of salt quality in any areas is still needed. The use of iodine fortification should be applied to any areas, sea coastal or non sea coastal.

  1. Physicochemical Quality of Drinking Water of Kermanshah Province

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    Mahfooz Moradi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Physicochemical quality of drinking water has a direct impact on consumer health and fluoride, nitrite, nitrate, total dissolved solids compounds and pH are their important parameters that have closely relationship with community health. In many cases, source nitrate of water is due to agriculture activities, landfill sites and also potassium nitrate that used in the manufacture of glass, nitrite in form of sodium nitrite used as a food preservative too.

  2. Opportunistic mobile air pollution monitoring: A case study with city wardens in Antwerp

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    Van den Bossche, Joris; Theunis, Jan; Elen, Bart; Peters, Jan; Botteldooren, Dick; De Baets, Bernard

    2016-09-01

    The goal of this paper is to explore the potential of opportunistic mobile monitoring to map the exposure to air pollution in the urban environment at a high spatial resolution. Opportunistic mobile monitoring makes use of existing mobile infrastructure or people's common daily routines to move measurement devices around. Opportunistic mobile monitoring can also play a crucial role in participatory monitoring campaigns as a typical way to gather data. A case study to measure black carbon was set up in Antwerp, Belgium, with the collaboration of city employees (city wardens). The Antwerp city wardens are outdoors for a large part of the day on surveillance tours by bicycle or on foot, and gathered a total of 393 h of measurements. The data collection is unstructured both in space and time, leading to sampling bias. A temporal adjustment can only partly counteract this bias. Although a high spatial coverage was obtained, there is still a rather large uncertainty on the average concentration levels at a spatial resolution of 50 m due to a limited number of measurements and sampling bias. Despite of this uncertainty, large spatial patterns within the city are clearly captured. This study illustrates the potential of campaigns with unstructured opportunistic mobile monitoring, including participatory monitoring campaigns. The results demonstrate that such an approach can indeed be used to identify broad spatial trends over a wider area, enabling applications including hotspot identification, personal exposure studies, regression mapping, etc. But, they also emphasize the need for repeated measurements and careful processing and interpretation of the data.

  3. Assessment and mapping of environmental quality in agricultural soils of Zhejiang Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Jie-liang; SHI Zhou; ZHU You-wei

    2007-01-01

    Heavy metal concentrations in agricultural soils of Zhejiang Province were monitored to indicate the status of heavy metal contamination and assess environmental quality of agricultural soils. A total of 908 soil samples were collected from 38 counties in Zhejiang Province and eight heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Pb, Hg, Cu, Zn, Ni and As) concentrations had been evaluated in agricultural soil. It was found 775 samples were unpolluted and 133 samples were slightly polluted and more respectively, that is about 14.65% agricultural soil samples had the heavy metal concentration above the threshold level in this province by means of Nemerow's synthetical pollution index method according to the second grade of Standards for Soil Environmental Quality of China (GB15618-1995). Contamination of Cd was the highest, followed by Pb, As and Hg were lower correspondingly. Moreover, Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) interpolation method was used to make an assessment map of soil environmental quality based on the Nemerow's pollution index and the soil environmental quality was categorized into five grades. Moreover, ten indices were calculated as input parameters for Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and the principal components (PCs) were created to compare environmental quality of different soils and regions. The results revealed that environmental quality of tea soils was better than that of paddy soils, vegetable soils and fruit soils. This study indicated that GIS combined with multivariate statistical approaches proved to be effective and powerful tool in the mapping of soil contaminations distribution and the assessment of soil environmental quality on provincial scale, which is benefited to environmental protection and management decision-making by local government.

  4. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    OpenAIRE

    W.Wilopo; R.Resili; D.P.E. Putra

    2013-01-01

    There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our dat...

  5. Evaluation of Farmers’ Working Quality in Jilin Province on the Basis of AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In terms of the working quality of agricultural production and the working quality of non-agricultural production, the evaluation index system of the working quality of farmers is established. By using integrated fuzzy method based on AHP, we determine the weight of each index, and establish membership matrix of this evaluation index system. Taking Jilin Province as an example, we select developed regions, underdeveloped regions and comparatively developed regions respectively to conduct survey. By using the data from survey, according to the established evaluation index system, we conduct empirical analysis of the working quality of farmers. The results show that the working quality of farmers in the developed regions is relatively high, the working quality of farmers in the comparatively developed regions is ordinary, and the working quality of farmers in the underdeveloped regions is relatively low; the physical quality, educational quality and technological quality of farmers in the developed regions are high; the operation quality of agricultural production of farmers in the underdeveloped regions is high; the operation quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions is high; the working quality of agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions is higher than the working quality of non-agricultural production of farmers in the comparatively developed regions and underdeveloped regions; the working quality of non-agricultural industries of farmers in the developed regions is higher than the working quality of agricultural production. The urgent priority of constructing new village is to coordinate urban-rural development, and to offer preferential policies and capital for the villages with backward economic development level.

  6. Quality Characteristics of Tobacco Leaves with Different Aromatic Styles from Guizhou Province, China

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    QIN Song; WANG Zheng-yin; SHI Jun-xiong

    2007-01-01

    The relationships between chemical components and quality indexes were studied in the tobacco leaves with different aromatic styles. A total of 16 chemical components, 4 quality indexes, and 6 smoking quality indexes from 366 tobacco leaf samples with 4 different types of aroma from Guizhou Province, China, were subjected to principal component analysis and stepwise regression analysis. The tobacco leaves with different types of aroma showed remarkable difference in the contents of chemical components, quality indexes, and smoking quality indexes. The first principal factors (carbohydrates and nitrogen-containing compounds) of the chemical composition of the leaf were similar among different types of aroma,which showed that the quality of the leaf was mainly influenced by carbohydrates and nitrogen-containing compounds and their ratios. The factors for the second through the seventh principal components varied largely among various aromatic types, suggesting the contribution of other chemical components to the leaf quality. In addition, the smoking quality of four different aromatic leaves showed significant correlation with the different chemical components. The quality of tobacco leaves with different types of aroma was influenced by multiple factors, especially ecological conditions and culture techniques, which may provide guidance for directive cultivation of high-quality tobacco leaves.

  7. Effect of community activities on water qualities of the Bangpakong River, Chachoengsao Province

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    Paibulkichakul, C.

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The effect of community activities on water qualities of the Bangpakong River were investigated. Water from three different areas, Huasai temple, Thayai market and Sothorn temple, were sampled for quality monitoring for its physical, chemical and biological properties during July-September 2004. Analysis of variance was used for data analysis, and Duncan's Multiple Range Test was applied for means comparison at 95% confidence level.The results showed that ranges of dissolved oxygen, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate and orthophosphatephosphorus in all stations were 4.10-6.35, 0.022-0.156, 0.012-0.050, 0.084-0.299 and 0.004-0.047 mg/L, res the large food market, had the lowest water quality. Sothorn temple, the well-known tourist temple, had water quality in the middle of the three stations. Huasai temple, the agricultural site, had the best water qualities. The differences of water quality may be caused by the differences of community activities. The other parameters of this study could not clearly indicate the resons for the difference on water qualities.However, water quality from three areas met the Surface Water Quality Standard, class 3. Bangpakong River, the main river of Chachoengsao Province, is not only the source of water supply for households consumption as well as agricultural and industrial activities, but also receives untreated waste water from households, markets and industrial estates. Consequently, unless wastewater has been treated properly before discharging into the Bangpakong River, there will be water pollution in the near future.

  8. The influence of land use change on karst water quality of Shuicheng Basin in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIAYanan; YUANDaoxian

    2004-01-01

    The influence of land use and land cover on ecological environment is a focus of global change research. The paper chooses an industrial city-Shuicheng in Guizhou Province-as a study area because the karst water quality around the city is deteriorating with land use and land cover change.The natural susceptibility of karst water system is an important factor leading to karst water pollution.But land use and land cover change is also a main factor according to the chemical analysis of karst water quality and land use change. So it is a good way to protect karst water through rational planning and managing of land use and land cover.

  9. The Art of Compromise: Legislative Deliberations on Marine Insurance Institutions in Antwerp (c. 1550-c. 1570

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    Dave de Ruysscher

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Dave De Ruysscher and Jeroen Puttevils look into the complex interaction – typicalof the Low Countries – between various stakeholders (economic agents, citygovernment and central government that shaped the legislation of economic practices. Eschewing top-down (the central government imposes its rules and bottom-up (merchants sought to have their customs legalised models, and taking into account the powers enjoyed by city governments in the Low Countries, which were both ample but also constrained by the central government, the authors tracethe development of one particular type of contract and transaction – sixteenth century marine insurance, a growing sector for which Antwerp became the key centre. By laying bare the negotiation process which preceded the compromise, they find that decisions on the legislation regarding marine insurance were both politically and economically induced. The three major agents (merchants, city government and central government were not monolithic blocs: within the Antwerp mercantile community different opinions on marine insurance and its legislation could be heard. There were ‘national’ differences and small-time insurance purchasers thought differently about state legislation than their larger colleagues and insurers. Parties with political clout also had a stronger voice in negotiations. De kunst van het compromis. Onderhandelingen over wetgeving voor hetzeeverzekeringswezen in Antwerpen (c. 1550-c. 1570De wetgeving rond economische praktijken in de zestiende-eeuwse Nederlanden werd in belangrijke mate bepaald door de complexe interactie tussen verschillende belangengroepen (economische agenten, stedelijke overheid en centraal gezag. Dave De ruysscher en Jeroen Puttevils zijn van mening dat top-down (de vorst legt zijn regels op en bottum-up modellen (kooplieden willen hun gewoonten omgezet zien in wetten weinig afdoend zijn en stellen zich vragen bij de reikwijdte van de macht van stedelijke

  10. QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF IMMUNIZATION IN RURAL AREAS COVERD BY HEALTH HOUSES IN WEST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE, 1995

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    Sh. Salarilak

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Povinding quality health care services, without constant qualitative and quantitative studeies/evaluation, seem to be impossible. High rate of children immunization coverage in Iran, however, represents parts of a quality assessment of mother and child health care services in rural areas of West-Azerbaijan Province, Iran. In this cross-sectional study, LQAS method was employed for the purpose of quality assessment. Children between 10 to 36 months old from the pre-mentions areas constitute the study population of present report. Sample was selected through a multistage sampling method and a questionnaire together with a checklist was utilized for data collection. Findings demonstrate a very high rate immunization coverage of children (>96%. Mother’s knowledge about the data of next vaccination and DPT potential side effect's are estimated to be 32%, and 58%, respectively. Children's overall immunization adequacy rate, despite the high rate coverage, equalled to 59% which does not represent a high quality service in this respect. This study approves the reliability and practicality of LQAS method for quality assurance of health services.

  11. Agricultural Bank performance, perceived quality, from the perspective of bank customers Kermanshah Province

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    Hassan Rangriz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In today's world, enjoying favorable rates, and optimize existing resources, in order to achieve economic goals, a measure that reflects the degree of development of the communities. The present study was to investigate the causes of the financial decentralization farmers in Kermanshah Province; the Agricultural Bank has been done. Since the purpose of researching, identifying causes, the financing bank, the important role is to investigate the factors known, the Bank of experts and scholars, including quality of service, and customer satisfaction is discussed., in this regard, using the SERVQUAL model, which has five dimensions: tangibility, reliability, responsiveness, reliability and empathy that show quality of services provided, and the comparison between the quality of performance expected by bank customers to their satisfaction achieved, using descriptive and inferential statistics (nonparametric Wilcoxon test to test the hypotheses, a sample of 375 persons from customers (with a deposit of three hundred million rials, Agricultural Bank of Kermanshah discussed, and hypotheses of the study, the significance level been confirmed, indicating that the quality of performance and expected service Agricultural Bank customers Kermanshah, there is no significant difference.

  12. Evaluation of Quality of Life and Safety of Seniors in Golestan Province, Iran

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    Fereshteh Farzianpour PhD

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the criteria for quality of life (QoL using standardized short-form health survey with only 36 questions (SF-36; Version 2.0 and Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC questionnaires to study the relationship between QoL and living conditions of seniors in Golestan province in Iran. This was an analytical cross-sectional study with descriptive and analytical parts. The population was individuals above 65 years of age in Golestan province in Iran. The sample size was calculated based on the correlation coefficient; a correlation of .2 or greater was considered statistically significant at 80% for the power of the test at the 95% confidence level. The data on QoL of seniors were collected by interview and observation using the CPSC questionnaire for nursing homes and the SF-36 for QoL health indicators. The reliability of the CPSC questionnaire was estimated using Cronbach’s alpha with a coefficient of .838. The SF-36 questionnaire was validated with Cronbach’s alpha with a coefficient of .95. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to interpret the probability of abnormal QoL between levels of independent predictors. The percentage of seniors in overall poor health as a binary outcome was 43.5, and the percentage of unsafe conditions was 49.8.

  13. Quality Control of Conventional Radiology Devices in Selected Hospitals of Khuzestan Province, Iran

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    Behrouz Rasuli

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Quality control techniques used to test the components of the radiological system and verify that the equipment is operating satisfactorily. In this study, quality control (QC assessment of conventional radiology devices was performed in frequently visited radiology centers of Khuzestan province, Iran. Materials and Methods Fifteen conventional radiology devices were examined, based on the protocol proposed in Report No. 77 by the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM. Ten standard QC tests, including voltage accuracy and reproducibility, exposure time accuracy and reproducibility, tube output linearity (time and milliampere, filtration (half-value layer, tube output (70 kV at FSD =100 cm, tube output reproducibility and beam alignment were performed and assessed. All measurements were performed, using Barracuda multi-purpose detector. Results The reproducibility of voltage, exposure time and dose output, as well as output linearity, met the standard criteria in all devices. However, in 60% of the units, the results of the beam alignment test were poor. We also found that 66.7% of the studied units offer services to more than 18,000 patients annually or 50 patients per day. Conclusion Despite the fact that radiological devices in Khuzestan province are relatively old with high workload, the obtained results showed that these devices met the standard criteria. This may be mainly related to proper after-sale services, provided by the companies. Although these services may be expensive for radiology centers, the costs may be significantly reduced if QC is defined as a routine procedure performed by qualified medical physicists or radiation safety officers.

  14. Quality Control of Conventional Radiology Devices in Selected Hospitals of Khuzestan Province, Iran

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    Behrouz Rasuli

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Quality control techniques used to test the components of the radiological system and verify that the equipment is operating satisfactorily. In this study, quality control (QC assessment of conventional radiology devices was performed in frequently visited radiology centers of Khuzestan province, Iran. Materials and Methods Fifteen conventional radiology devices were examined, based on the protocol proposed in Report No. 77 by the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM. Ten standard QC tests, including voltage accuracy and reproducibility, exposure time accuracy and reproducibility, tube output linearity (time and milliampere, filtration (half-value layer, tube output (70 kV at FSD =100 cm, tube output reproducibility and beam alignment were performed and assessed. All measurements were performed, using Barracuda multi-purpose detector. Results Thereproducibility of voltage, exposure time and dose output, as well as output linearity, met the standard criteria in all devices. However, in 60% of the units, the results of the beam alignment test were poor. We also found that 66.7% of the studied units offer services to more than 18,000 patients annually or 50 patients per day. Conclusion Despite the fact that radiological devices in Khuzestan province are relatively old with high workload, the obtained results showed that these devices met the standard criteria. This may be mainly related to proper after-sale services, provided by the companies. Although these services may be expensive for radiology centers, the costs may be significantly reduced if QC is defined as a routine procedure performed by qualified medical physicists or radiation safety officers.

  15. Survey of Hygienic quality of honey samples collected form Qazvin province during 2011-2012

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    Razzagh Mahmoudi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aims of the Study : Consumption of honey has remarkably increased in the last years all over the world. Factors such as plant species, environmental, processing, and storing condition are affecting honey quality. The purpose of this study was to evaluation of Hygienic quality of honey samples produced from Qazvin province. Materials and Methods: 34 fresh honey Samples were obtained from beekeepers from different regions of the alamut area in the period between June and November 2011. The microbial contamination (bacteria and fungi was determined using conventional microbiological methods and the total aflatoxin was detected by “high performance liquid chromatography” (HPLC. Results: The results of microbial analysis showed that the aerobic mesophil bacteria count (50 cfu/g and fungal count (1.5*10 2 cfu/g were in low levels. However, coliforms were not detected in any of the honey sample. The most prevalent bacteria and fungi were Bacillus cereus and Aspergillus flavus respectively. Based on the HPLC method analysis, all of honey samples were contaminated whit aflatoxin and the mean concentration of aflatoxin was 3.67 ppb. Also the aflatoxin levels in 35% honey samples were higher than the maximum allowable amount of Europe ::::union:::: (4 µg/kg. Conclusion : According to the results, should have more control on the Hygienic quality of honey over the production, storage and supply periods in this area.  

  16. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

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    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment.

  17. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

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    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment

  18. Analysis of Supply Chain Model of Agricultural Products and Quality Safety——A Case Study of Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the supply chain models of four types of agricultural products,namely fruits and vegetables,poultry,aquatic products and dairy,and the food safety problems arising from the links of supply chain.In view of different models,corresponding suggestions are put forward to ensure the quality safety of agricultural products in Heilongjiang Province.

  19. The evolution of future geogenic matter fluxes due Enhanced Weathering: Results from the Antwerp Experiment

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    Hartmann, Jens; Weiss, Andreas; Struyf, Eric; Schoelynck, Jonas; Meire, Patrick; Amann, Thorben

    2015-04-01

    Understanding the evolution of geogenic matter fluxes in soils due the application of rock products ontop of soils is relevant to evaluate alteration of soil solutions and saturation states of solutes. In the future the practice of applying rock products will continue and areas affected will likely spread (Hartmann et al., 2013). This trend will likely be fuelled by attempts to optimize carbon dioxide removal by increasing biomass production, soil organic carbon stocks, increase crop production or afforestation. All those efforts demand a certain amount of geogenic nutrients, which need to be replaced. To investigate the release patterns and the downward transport of an array of elements, and to study their fate as well as reaction processes, altered through this practice, a mesocosm experiment was established at Antwerp University. Extended results will be presented (c.f., Weiss et al., 2014) focusing on the release and transport of DIC (dissolved inorganic carbon) and Mg (magnesium) in the soil column downwards after the application of 22 kg m-2 olivine powder. Elevated DIC and Mg concentrations are detected in case of olivine is applied to mesocosms with wheat and barley, if compared to the mesocsoms without plants, and without olivine. The change patterns in concentrations and fluxes will be discussed. Hartmann, J., et al. (2013) Enhanced chemical weathering as a geoengineering strategy to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide, supply nutrients, and mitigate ocean acidification. Reviews of Geophysics; 51(2), 113-149. doi: 10.1002/rog.20004 Weiss, A., et al. (2014) The overlooked compartment of the critical-zone-complex, considering the evolution of future geogenic matter fluxes: Agricultural topsoils. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 10, 339-342. doi:10.1016/j.proeps.2014.08.032

  20. Groundwater quality analysis using multivariate statistical techniques (case study: Fars province, Iran).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noshadi, Masoud; Ghafourian, Amir

    2016-07-01

    This research investigated the quality of groundwater of 298 wells during 10 years, in Fars province, southern Iran, to survey spatial variation of groundwater quality and also major sources of hydro-chemical components for drinking and agricultural uses. To classify the sampling stations in each year, hierarchical cluster analysis, using the Euclidean distances and "Ward" method, was used. According to the results of cluster analysis, there were three quality groups in groundwater of the research area: first group of 170 wells with type of Ca-HCO3, second group of 98 wells with type of Ca-HCO3, and third group of 30 wells with type of Na-Cl. Hydro-chemical parameters were increased from the first to the third group, and on the basis of Schoeller and USSL diagrams, the water of wells of the third group was considered unsuitable for irrigation and drinking. Principal component (PC) analysis and factor analysis reduced the complex and voluminous data matrix into three main components, accounting for more than 80 % of the total variance. The first PC contained TDS, EC, TH, Na(+), Cl(-), Mg(2+), SO4 (2-), Ca(2+), and SAR parameters. Therefore, the first dominant factor was salinity. In PC2, HCO3 and pH were the dominant parameters, which may indicate weathering of silicate minerals. The PC3 contained high loadings for NO2 (2-) and NO3 (-). This factor indicates anthropogenic contaminants that may be caused by improper disposal of domestic wastes or the use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture and leaching of them.

  1. Current and future pluvial flood hazard analysis for the city of Antwerp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willems, Patrick; Tabari, Hossein; De Niel, Jan; Van Uytven, Els; Lambrechts, Griet; Wellens, Geert

    2016-04-01

    For the city of Antwerp in Belgium, higher rainfall extremes were observed in comparison with surrounding areas. The differences were found statistically significant for some areas and may be the result of the heat island effect in combination with the higher concentrations of aerosols. A network of 19 rain gauges but with varying records length (the longest since the 1960s) and continuous radar data for 10 years were combined to map the spatial variability of rainfall extremes over the city at various durations from 15 minutes to 1 day together with the uncertainty. The improved spatial rainfall information was used as input in the sewer system model of the city to analyze the frequency of urban pluvial floods. Comparison with historical flood observations from various sources (fire brigade and media) confirmed that the improved spatial rainfall information also improved sewer impact results on both the magnitude and frequency of the sewer floods. Next to these improved urban flood impact results for recent and current climatological conditions, the new insights on the local rainfall microclimate were also helpful to enhance future projections on rainfall extremes and pluvial floods in the city. This was done by improved statistical downscaling of all available CMIP5 global climate model runs (160 runs) for the 4 RCP scenarios, as well as the available EURO-CORDEX regional climate model runs. Two types of statistical downscaling methods were applied for that purpose (a weather typing based method, and a quantile perturbation approach), making use of the microclimate results and its dependency on specific weather types. Changes in extreme rainfall intensities were analyzed and mapped as a function of the RCP scenario, together with the uncertainty, decomposed in the uncertainties related to the climate models, the climate model initialization or limited length of the 30-year time series (natural climate variability) and the statistical downscaling (albeit limited

  2. IMPACT OF MINING WASTES ON GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN THE PROVINCE JERADA (EASTERN MOROCCO

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    BATTIOUI MOUNIA

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Jerada coal mine is located in north east of Morocco, and closed in late 2001.Today the quantity stored is about 15 to 20 million tonnes. These releases contain significant levels of accompanying elements or secondary minerals such as iron sulfides (pyrite and their oxidation products.Monitor the groundwater quality was developed in the region in order to assess the quality of these waters and to estimate the risk of contamination. The study focused on 35 wells spread to cover almost all of the study area.Two main sampling campaigns were conducted, the first one in October 2010, the second in July 2011.The pH of the different measuring points is generally between 6 and alkaline tending 8 show groundwater level in the region.The results obtained by ion chromatography show an average sulphate concentration of about 700mg/l.These concentrations are much higher in the wet season than the dry season. The average nitrate levels are in the range of 300mg/l while those chlorides are of the order of 418 mg/l.The analysis by emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP showed mean concentrations of calcium in the range of 170mg/l,340mg/l for sodium and 309mg/l for magnesium while contents of Al, As, Cd remain negligible or even below the detection limit.The results of physico-chemical analysis of groundwater level in the province of Jerada show high pollution level in the region.

  3. Indoor air quality levels in a University Hospital in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia

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    Mahmoud F El-Sharkawy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the Study: The complex hospital environment requires special attention to ensure a healthy indoor air quality (IAQ to protect patients and healthcare workers against hospital-acquired infections and occupational diseases. Poor hospital IAQ may cause outbreaks of building-related illness such as headaches, fatigue, eye, and skin irritations, and other symptoms. The general objective for this study was to assess IAQ inside a large University hospital at Al-Khobar City in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Different locations representing areas where most activities and tasks are performed were selected as sampling points for air pollutants in the selected hospital. In addition, several factors were studied to determine those that were most likely to affect the IAQ levels. The temperature and relative percent humidity of different air pollutants were measured simultaneously at each location. Results: The outdoor levels of all air pollutant levels, except volatile organic compounds (VOCs, were higher than the indoor levels which meant that the IAQ inside healthcare facilities (HCFs were greatly affected by outdoor sources, particularly traffic. The highest levels of total suspended particulates (TSPs and those less than 10 microns (PM 10 inside the selected hospital were found at locations that are characterized with m4ore human activity. Conclusions:Levels of particulate matter (both PM 10 and TSP were higher than the Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs. The highest concentrations of the fungal species recorded were Cladosporium and Penicillium. Education of occupants of HCF on IAQ is critical. They must be informed about the sources and effects of contaminants and the proper operation of the ventilation system.

  4. Quality of care and family planning drop-outs in Bukidnon province: a survey study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palma-sealza, L

    1993-01-01

    A study was undertaken in the province of Bukidnon in the Philippines to determine the actual percentage of family planning (FP) acceptors who become dropouts, the reasons they drop out, and the factors most strongly associated with this phenomenon. Data were collected through interviews with married women of reproductive age who had been recorded as being a FP acceptor during 1992. The sample size was set at 400 using a probability-proportionate-to-size sampling technique. In examining the extent of the drop-out problem, it was found that the actual FP status of each respondent agreed with the clinic records in 73.4% of cases and that 22% of those thought to be dropouts had actually switched methods. Most of the women who stopped using oral contraceptives said they did so because of side effects. The drop-out problem was most acute among women who were poorer, less educated, and of higher parity. The attitude of a husband towards use of a method was a better predictor of continuation than the wife's attitude. Clients who felt their provider was approachable and friendly were significantly less likely to drop out. Despite the fact that the FP program is modeled on a "cafeteria" approach which provides choices to acceptors, 9.5% of acceptors in this survey claimed they were not offered a choice. Women who received limited information were more likely to become drop-outs. Clients who had to return to clinics frequently for resupply of OCs or condoms were most likely to become drop-outs. While the number of dropouts identified in this study was only half the official estimate for the province, the short time between FP acceptance and the survey may have reduced the number of dropouts. The program implications of these findings are that 1) the occurrence of side effects needs study, 2) groups characterized by high drop-out rates should receive immediate attention, 3) favorable attitudes should be fostered in husbands, 4) women must receive more information on their

  5. Coverage and quality of antenatal care provided at primary health care facilities in the 'Punjab' province of 'Pakistan'.

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    Muhammad Ashraf Majrooh

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Antenatal care is a very important component of maternal health services. It provides the opportunity to learn about risks associated with pregnancy and guides to plan the place of deliveries thereby preventing maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. In 'Pakistan' antenatal services to rural population are being provided through a network of primary health care facilities designated as 'Basic Health Units and Rural Health Centers. Pakistan is a developing country, consisting of four provinces and federally administered areas. Each province is administratively subdivided in to 'Divisions' and 'Districts'. By population 'Punjab' is the largest province of Pakistan having 36 districts. This study was conducted to assess the coverage and quality antenatal care in the primary health care facilities in 'Punjab' province of 'Pakistan'. METHODS: Quantitative and Qualitative methods were used to collect data. Using multistage sampling technique nine out of thirty six districts were selected and 19 primary health care facilities of public sector (seventeen Basic Health Units and two Rural Health Centers were randomly selected from each district. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were conducted with clients, providers and health managers. RESULTS: The overall enrollment for antenatal checkup was 55.9% and drop out was 32.9% in subsequent visits. The quality of services regarding assessment, treatment and counseling was extremely poor. The reasons for low coverage and quality were the distant location of facilities, deficiency of facility resources, indifferent attitude and non availability of the staff. Moreover, lack of client awareness about importance of antenatal care and self empowerment for decision making to seek care were also responsible for low coverage. CONCLUSION: The coverage and quality of the antenatal care services in 'Punjab' are extremely compromised. Only half of the expected pregnancies are enrolled and

  6. Effects of Rainfall on Water Quality of Aquaculture along the Coastal Areas of Jiangsu Province and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to decrease the effects of rainfall on water quality of aquaculture along the coastal areas of Jiangsu Province and improve the yield and quality of aquatic products.[Method] We firstly designed the methods to calculate average pH of different rainfalls,total precipitation,as well as the changes of pH and salinity in the studied pond and coastal culture zone,then analyzed the dynamic variation of precipitation,pH and salinity caused by rainfall to discuss the effects of rainfall ...

  7. The potential of biomonitoring of air quality using leaf characteristics of white willow (Salix alba L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wuytack, Tatiana; Verheyen, Kris; Wuyts, Karen; Kardel, Fatemeh; Adriaenssens, Sandy; Samson, Roeland

    2010-12-01

    In this study, we assess the potential of white willow (Salix alba L.) as bioindicator for monitoring of air quality. Therefore, shoot biomass, specific leaf area, stomatal density, stomatal pore surface, and stomatal resistance were assessed from leaves of stem cuttings. The stem cuttings were introduced in two regions in Belgium with a relatively high and a relatively low level of air pollution, i.e., Antwerp city and Zoersel, respectively. In each of these regions, nine sampling points were selected. At each sampling point, three stem cuttings of white willow were planted in potting soil. Shoot biomass and specific leaf area were not significantly different between Antwerp city and Zoersel. Microclimatic differences between the sampling points may have been more important to plant growth than differences in air quality. However, stomatal pore surface and stomatal resistance of white willow were significantly different between Zoersel and Antwerp city. Stomatal pore surface was 20% lower in Antwerp city due to a significant reduction in both stomatal length (-11%) and stomatal width (-14%). Stomatal resistance at the adaxial leaf surface was 17% higher in Antwerp city because of the reduction in stomatal pore surface. Based on these results, we conclude that stomatal characteristics of white willow are potentially useful indicators for air quality.

  8. Determination of the water quality index ratings of water in the Mpumalanga and North West provinces, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanda, Elijah M. M.; Mamba, Bhekie B.; Msagati, Titus A. M.

    2016-04-01

    This study reports on the water quality index (WQI) of wastewater and drinking water in the Mpumalanga and North West provinces of South Africa. The WQI is one of the most effective tools available to water sustainability researchers, because it provides an easily intelligible ranking of water quality on a rating scale from 0 to 100, based on the ascription of different weightings to several different parameters. In this study the WQI index ratings of wastewater and drinking water samples were computed according to the levels of pH, electrical conductivity (EC), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), E. coli, temperature, turbidity and nutrients (nitrogen and phosphates) found in water samples collected from the two provinces between June and December, 2014. This study isolated three groups of WQ-rated waters, namely: fair (with a WQI range = 32.87-38.54%), medium (with a WQI range = 56.54-69.77%) and good (with a WQI range = 71.69-81.63%). More specifically, 23%, 23% and 54% of the sampled sites registered waters with fair, medium and good WQ ratings respectively. None of the sites sampled during the entire period of the project registered excellent or very good water quality ratings, which would ordinarily indicate that no treatment is required to make it fit for human consumption. Nevertheless, the results obtained by the Eerstehoek and Schoemansville water treatment plants in Mpumalanga and North West provinces, respectively, suggest that substantial improvement in the quality of water samples is possible, since the WQI values for all of the treated samples were higher than those for raw water. Presence of high levels of BOD, low levels of dissolved oxygen (DO), E. coli, nitrates and phosphates especially in raw water samples greatly affected their overall WQ ratings. It is recommended that a point-of-use system should be introduced to treat water intended for domestic purposes in the clean-water-deprived areas.

  9. Rewards: A predictor of well-being and service quality of school principals in the North-West province

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    Kamohelo Nthebe

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: School principals have an important role to play in the quality of service delivery in schools. Evidence suggests that school principals are generally poorly compensated, which has an adverse impact on their well-being and subsequent service quality orientation.Research purpose: This study investigated whether rewards are a predictor of well-being and service orientation of school principals in the North-West province.Motivation for the study: Effective school principals are fundamental to the success of any school, which necessitates the establishment of an effective reward and remuneration system.Research design, approach and method: Quantitative research was carried out among school principals (N = 155 in four districts of the North-West province. The Total Rewards Scale, Maslach’s Burnout Inventory – General Survey, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale and the SERVQUAL measure were administered among the principals.Main findings: The results showed that rewards are a significant predictor of the well-being and service quality of school principals. The results further showed that burnout significantly reduces the service quality of school principals. No significant relationships were found between work engagement and the service quality of school principals.Practical/managerial implications: An effective total rewards system enhances the well-being of school principals and, subsequently, their willingness and commitment to delivering quality services.Contribution: The results of this study point out some key elements that need to be considered by the Department of Education to enable quality service delivery in South African schools.

  10. Water quality assessment by pollution-index method in the coastal waters of Hebei Province in western Bohai Sea, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shuguang; Lou, Sha; Kuang, Cuiping; Huang, Wenrui; Chen, Wujun; Zhang, Jianle; Zhong, Guihui

    2011-10-01

    Sources of pollution discharges and water quality samples at 27 stations in 2006 in the coastal waters of Hebei Province, western Bohai Sea, have been analyzed in this study. Pollutant loads from industrial sewages have shown stronger impact on the water environment than those from the general sewages. Analysis indicates that pollution of COD is mainly resulted from land-based point pollutant sources. For phosphate concentration, non-point source pollution from coastal ocean (fishing and harbor areas) plays an important role. To assess the water quality conditions, Organic Pollution Index and Eutrophication Index have been used to quantify the level of water pollution and eutrophication conditions. Results show that pollution was much heavier in the dry season than flood season in 2006. Based on COD and phosphate concentrations, results show that waters near Shahe River, Douhe River, Yanghe River, and Luanhe River were heavily polluted. Water quality in the Qinhuangdao area was better than those in the Tangshan and Cangzhou areas.

  11. Assessment of air quality management policies in China with integrated model framework: Case study for Hebei province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Q.; Zhao, Q.; Zheng, B.; Hong, C.; Tong, D.; Yang, W.; He, K.

    2015-12-01

    The Chinese government has pledged to clean urban air within five years from 2013 to 2017, to promote annual average PM2.5 concentration decline by 25%, 20% and 15% in the North China Plain, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, respectively. The national targets are disaggregated into provinces, where region-specific action plan is designed and implemented by local government. It is particularly important to timely assess the effectiveness of local emission control measures and guarantee local efforts are in line with the national goal. We develop an integrated model framework for air quality management and policy evaluation, by integrating a dynamic high-resolution emission model, an emission scenarios analysis tool, and a 3-D air quality model. We then put the model system into pilot use in Hebei province for policy making to achieve the air quality target of 2017. We first integrate over 3000 point source facilities into this system to develop a high-resolution emission inventory. Upon the base emission dataset, the efforts to mitigate emissions with current and enacted measures are tracked and quantified to dynamic account of emission changes monthly. Strict policies are designed within the model framework through analyzing the potential to cut emissions for each point source. The finalized policy package can reduce emissions of major air pollutants by 20%-40%, respectively, leading to large decrease of ambient PM2.5 concentration.

  12. Impact of passenger car NOx emissions and NO2 fractions on urban NO2 pollution - Scenario analysis for the city of Antwerp, Belgium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degraeuwe, Bart; Thunis, Philippe; Clappier, Alain; Weiss, Martin; Lefebvre, Wouter; Janssen, Stijn; Vranckx, Stijn

    2016-02-01

    The annual NO2 concentrations in many European cities exceed the established air quality standard. This situation is mainly caused by Diesel cars whose NOx emissions are higher on the road than during type approval in the laboratory. Moreover, the fraction of NO2 in the NOx emissions of modern diesel cars appears to have increased as compared to previous models. In this paper, we assess 1) to which level the distance-specific NOx emissions of Diesel cars should be reduced to meet established air quality standards and 2) if it would be useful to introduce a complementary NO2 emissions limit. We develop a NO2 pollution model that accounts in an analysis of 9 emission scenarios for changes in both, the urban background NO2 concentrations and the local NO2 emissions at street level. We apply this model to the city of Antwerp, Belgium. The results suggest that a reduction in NOx emissions decreases the regional and urban NO2 background concentration; high NO2 fractions increase the ambient NO2 concentrations only in close spatial proximity to the emission source. In a busy access road to the city centre, the average NO2 concentration can be reduced by 23% if Diesel cars emitted 0.35 g NOx/km instead of the current 0.62 g NOx/km. Reductions of 45% are possible if the NOX emissions of Diesel cars decreased to the level of gasoline cars (0.03 g NOx/km). Our findings suggest that the Real-Driving Emissions (RDE) test procedure can solve the problem of NO2 exceedances in cities if it reduced the on-road NOx emissions of diesel cars to the permissible limit of 0.08 g/km. The implementation of a complementary NO2 emissions limit may then become superfluous. If Diesel cars continue to exceed by several factors their NOx emissions limit on the road, a shift of the vehicle fleet to gasoline cars may be necessary to solve persisting air quality problems.

  13. The Survey of hydro-geochemical and health related of water quality in Ramian city, Golestan province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    fahimeh Khanduzi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Investigation of water quality is an important step for the suitable use of water resources in order to drinking and irrigation. Water quality affects agriculture programming.  Hence the need of the study of water quality is strongly considered in the water resources management. Material and Methods: In this study Hydro-geochemical quality of ground water resources in the Ramian city -Golestan province has been studied for drinking and agriculture purpose. For this purpose, 15 qualitative characteristics of the 13 wells of Golestan province in two dry and wet seasons in 2011-2012 were analyzed by Aua Chem and Aq-qa. Results: The results showed that the ground water in the study area is classified in hard and very hard water. The original cations and anions in water are Ca2+> Mg2+> Na+ and HCO3-> Cl-> SO42-. Based on hydro-chemical diagram the dominant of water type is classified as Ca-HCO3. Salinity index of water indicated that more samples in two seasons are in the middle class. According to Schuler and Wilcox groundwater quality index, they are moderate suitable for agricultural and drinking consumption and in for agricultural purpose and 77% cases are in C3-S1 category. Conclusion: The results show that too much salt is one of the most important problems of water supply in the Ramian city for irrigation. This reduced plant growth or even stops the growth of some plant. If water resources in this area do not manage, after shortly time the soil will be suffered and polluted.

  14. Assessment of Water Environment Quality in Henan Province%河南省水环境质量评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周凯; 张毅川; 王智芳; 周建; 姚正阳; 宋利利

    2015-01-01

    水环境质量评价可为水环境质量管理和规划提供科学的决策依据。利用河南省环境状况公报水质监测数据,参考水质评价标准《地表水环境质量标准》(GB 3838─2002)和《地下水环境质量标准》(CB/T 14848─93),评价了河南省18个省辖市和10个省直管县(市)地表水、城市地下水、集中式饮用水源地及水库水质的环境质量。结果表明,2014年河南省化学需氧量和氨氮排放量分别比2013年减少了2.62%和3.61%,降幅高于全国平均同比下降值。全省废水排放量增加趋势明显,2014年和2013年全省废水排放量分别同比增加了2.48%和2.16%。全省地表水水质总体呈现中度污染,主要污染因子是化学需氧量、五日生化需氧量、氨氮和总磷。其中,省辖海河流域水质一直处于重度污染级别;省辖长江流域水质相对较好。全省城市地下水水质基本稳定,水质级别为Ⅱ类,但是开封市和濮阳市城市地下水污染比较严重;全省集中式饮用水源地水质均为Ⅱ类。全省水库水质常年保持在Ⅱ类标准,但是石漫滩水库、昭平台水库、孤石滩水库、宿鸭湖水库水质退化比较严重,主要的污染因子为高锰酸盐、总磷、五日生化需氧量和石油类等。尽管河南省水环境质量有了很大改善,但是河南省地表水环境质量令人担忧,特别是省辖海河流域水污染一直位居全省河流污染之首,严重制约了河南省社会经济的可持续发展和美丽河南建设。%Water environment quality evaluation, as one of the scientific proofs for water environmental quality management and planning, has become one of the important measures for environmental management. Based on the environment bulletin of statistic data of Henan province, the Environmental Quality Standard for Surface Water (GB 3838─2002) and the Environmental Quality Standard for Ground Water (CB/T 14848

  15. Analysis Supporting Factors and Constraints LPMP Performance in Improving the Quality of Education in Jambi Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosadi, Kemas Imron

    2015-01-01

    Development of education in Indonesia is based on three aspects, namely equity and expansion, quality and relevance, as well as good governance. Quality education is influenced by several factors related to quality education managerial leaders, limited funds, facilities, educational facilities, media, learning resources, tools and training…

  16. Spatial Strategy for Quality Labor in Rural Development——A Case Study of Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Yifei; WANG Hongyang

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the issue of high-quality labor in rural enterprises of China. It develops a spatial strategy which consists of two dimensions: geographical space and administrative space. Different combinations of these two dimensions form a variety of approaches such as local internalization, local externalization, regional/national internalization, and regional/national externalization. In the local internalization approach, rural enterprises hire such high-quality labor and ask them to work on site, while in the local externalization approach, rural enterprises seek help from employees working in other local enterprises. In the regional/national internalization approach, rural enterprises set up research and development centers in big cities to take advantages of the high-quality labor pool there. Finally in the regional/national externalization approach, rural enterprises hire people from big cities on temporary contracts. Three approaches, hiring retired technical workers, shuttling between the rural site and country seats, and setting up R&D centers in big cities are demonstrated through cases in Zhangjiagang, a leading county-level city in the southern Jiangsu Province. It is argued that rural enterprises need to broaden their perspectives of administrative space and geographical space and think creatively to deal with the shortage of quality labor in rural settings.

  17. Impact of trees on pollutant dispersion in street canyons: A numerical study of the annual average effects in Antwerp, Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vranckx, Stijn; Vos, Peter; Maiheu, Bino; Janssen, Stijn

    2015-11-01

    Effects of vegetation on pollutant dispersion receive increased attention in attempts to reduce air pollutant concentration levels in the urban environment. In this study, we examine the influence of vegetation on the concentrations of traffic pollutants in urban street canyons using numerical simulations with the CFD code OpenFOAM. This CFD approach is validated against literature wind tunnel data of traffic pollutant dispersion in street canyons. The impact of trees is simulated for a variety of vegetation types and the full range of approaching wind directions at 15° interval. All these results are combined using meteo statistics, including effects of seasonal leaf loss, to determine the annual average effect of trees in street canyons. This analysis is performed for two pollutants, elemental carbon (EC) and PM10, using background concentrations and emission strengths for the city of Antwerp, Belgium. The results show that due to the presence of trees the annual average pollutant concentrations increase with about 8% (range of 1% to 13%) for EC and with about 1.4% (range of 0.2 to 2.6%) for PM10. The study indicates that this annual effect is considerably smaller than earlier estimates which are generally based on a specific set of governing conditions (1 wind direction, full leafed trees and peak hour traffic emissions).

  18. Energy saving on wastewater treatment plants through improved online control: case study wastewater treatment plant Antwerp-South.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Gussem, Kris; Fenu, Alessio; Wambecq, Tom; Weemaes, Marjoleine

    2014-01-01

    This work provides a case study on how activated sludge modelling and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can help to optimize the energy consumption of a treatment plant that is already equipped with an advanced control based on online nutrient measurements. Currently, aeration basins on wastewater treatment plant Antwerp-South are operated sequentially while flow direction and point of inflow and outflow vary as a function of time. Activated sludge modelling shows that switching from the existing alternating flow based control to a simultaneous parallel feeding of all aeration tanks saves 1.3% energy. CFD calculations also illustrate that the water velocity is still sufficient if some impellers in the aeration basins are shutdown. The simulations of the Activated Sludge Model No. 2d indicate that the coupling of the aeration control with the impeller control, and automatically switching off some impellers when the aeration is inactive, can save 2.2 to 3.3% of energy without affecting the nutrient removal efficiency. On the other hand, all impellers are needed when the aeration is active to distribute the oxygen.

  19. Toxocariasis diagnosed in international travelers at the Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium, from 2000 to 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Den Broucke, Steven; Kanobana, Kirezi; Polman, Katja; Soentjens, Patrick; Vekemans, Marc; Theunissen, Caroline; Vlieghe, Erika; Van Esbroeck, Marjan; Jacobs, Jan; Van Den Enden, Erwin; Van Den Ende, Jef; Van Gompel, Alfons; Clerinx, Jan; Bottieau, Emmanuel

    2015-03-01

    Although infection with Toxocara canis or T. catis (commonly referred as toxocariasis) appears to be highly prevalent in (sub)tropical countries, information on its frequency and presentation in returning travelers and migrants is scarce. In this study, we reviewed all cases of asymptomatic and symptomatic toxocariasis diagnosed during post-travel consultations at the reference travel clinic of the Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium. Toxocariasis was considered as highly probable if serum Toxocara-antibodies were detected in combination with symptoms of visceral larva migrans if present, elevated eosinophil count in blood or other relevant fluid and reasonable exclusion of alternative diagnosis, or definitive in case of documented seroconversion. From 2000 to 2013, 190 travelers showed Toxocara-antibodies, of a total of 3436 for whom the test was requested (5.5%). Toxocariasis was diagnosed in 28 cases (23 symptomatic and 5 asymptomatic) including 21 highly probable and 7 definitive. All but one patients were adults. Africa and Asia were the place of acquisition for 10 and 9 cases, respectively. Twelve patients (43%) were short-term travelers (Toxocariasis has to be considered in travelers returning from a (sub)tropical stay with varying clinical manifestations or eosinophilia. Prognosis appears favorable with adequate treatment except in case of neurological involvement.

  20. Lichen (Xanthoria parietina) biomonitoring of trace element contamination and air quality assessment in Livorno Province (Tuscany, Italy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scerbo, R.; Barghigiani, C.; Ristori, T. [CNR Istituto di Biofisica, Via S. Lorenzo 26, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Possenti, L.; Barale, R. [Dipartimento di Scienze dell' Ambiente e del Territorio, Via Volta, Pisa (Italy); Lampugnani, L. [CNR Istituto di Chimica Analitica Strumentale, Via Risorgimento, Pisa (Italy)

    1999-10-29

    This paper deals with the biomonitoring of air in Livorno Province (Tuscany, Italy) using lichens for both quantitative monitoring of airborne metals and air quality assessment. On the basis of the possible sources of metal pollution in the study area, the following elements were analyzed: As, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, V, Zn and Hg. The small number of lichen species, the often stunted appearance of the specimens, and metal analysis revealed widespread atmospheric pollution in the study area. The results indicate extensive anthropic impact. The highest levels of contamination were recorded for Hg, Cd, Pb, and V concentrations. Good agreement was found between bioindication and metal concentrations in lichens. The impact of anthropic activities is particularly due to steelworks and chemical plants, combustion processes related to energy production and vehicle emissions. In addition to air pollution, some natural factors, such as climate, rocky shores or ozone, were assumed to affect lichen occurrence. Comparison with the Lake Orta area in northern Italy showed Livorno Province was more contaminated by trace elements. Similar contamination levels were found in another area of Tuscany, probably due to the geological characteristics of this region.

  1. Drinking Water Quality Guidelines across Canadian provinces and territories: jurisdictional variation in the context of decentralized water governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Gemma; Bakker, Karen; Harris, Leila

    2014-04-25

    This article presents the first comprehensive review and analysis of the uptake of the Canadian Drinking Water Quality Guidelines (CDWQG) across Canada's 13 provinces and territories. This review is significant given that Canada's approach to drinking water governance is: (i) highly decentralized and (ii) discretionary. Canada is (along with Australia) only one of two Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member states that does not comply with the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendation that all countries have national, legally binding drinking water quality standards. Our review identifies key differences in the regulatory approaches to drinking water quality across Canada's 13 jurisdictions. Only 16 of the 94 CDWQG are consistently applied across all 13 jurisdictions; five jurisdictions use voluntary guidelines, whereas eight use mandatory standards. The analysis explores three questions of central importance for water managers and public health officials: (i) should standards be uniform or variable; (ii) should compliance be voluntary or legally binding; and (iii) should regulation and oversight be harmonized or delegated? We conclude with recommendations for further research, with particular reference to the relevance of our findings given the high degree of variability in drinking water management and oversight capacity between urban and rural areas in Canada.

  2. Investigating the Relationship between the Quality of Education and Level of Educational Attainment in Turkish Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumus, Sedat

    2012-01-01

    Research in comparative and international education indicates that the quality of education, as measured by standardized tests, and the level of educational attainment have a significant impact on individual earning and national economic growth. However, the relationship between the quality of education and the level of educational attainment has…

  3. Urban Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in Europe: A Case Study for Antwerp, Berlin and Almada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Catherine; Thomas, Bart

    2014-05-01

    Climate change is driven by global processes such as the global ocean circulation and its variability over time leading to changing weather patterns on regional scales as well as changes in the severity and occurrence of extreme events such as heat waves. For example, the summer 2003 European heat wave caused up to 70.000 excess deaths over four months in Central and Western Europe. As around 75% of Europe's population resides in urban areas, it is of particular relevance to examine the impact of seasonal to decadal-scale climate variability on urban areas and their populations. This study aims at downscaling the spatially coarse resolution CMIP5 climate predictions to the local urban scale and investigating the relation between heat waves and the urban-rural temperature increment (urban heat island effect). The resulting heat stress effect is not only driven by climatic variables but also impacted by urban morphology. Moreover, the exposure varies significantly with the geographical location. All this information is coupled with relevant socio-economic datasets such as population density, age structure, etc. focussing on human health. The analyses are conducted in the framework of the NACLIM FP7 project funded by the European Commission involving local stakeholders such as the cities of Antwerp (BE), Berlin (DE) and Almada (PT) represented by different climate and urban characteristics. The end-user needs have been consolidated in a climate services plan including the production of heat risk exposure maps and the analysis of various scenarios considering e.g. the uncertainty of the global climate predictions, urban expansion over time and the impact of mitigation measures such as green roofs. The results of this study will allow urban planners and policy makers facing the challenges of climate change and develop sound strategies for the design and management of climate resilient cities.

  4. Survey of quantity and quality of hospital wastes in Sistan and Balouchestan province, 1387-1388

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edris Bazrafshan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was performed to determine quantitative and qualitative characteristics of hospital wastes produced in Sistan and Balouchestan hospitals and to state health management information to improve environmental health level of hospitals and health safety of staff and personnel related to hospital environment.Materials and methods: This descriptive-cross sectional study was performed in 14 active hospitals in the province during 1387-88. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of hospital wastes was performed two times monthly for one year. The data were analyzed using statistical Excel and SPSS softwares.Results: The average of total quantity of waste produced in all hospitals was 6096.41 kg/day. Medical waste generation rate for total waste, infectious waste, general waste and sharp waste are 2.76±0.10, 1.36±0.66, 1.37±0.66 and 0.042±0.028 kg/bed-day, respectively, which is comprised of 51.6% (3142.05 kg/day of infectious waste, 47.2% (2880.25 kg/day general waste and 1.2% (74.11 kg/day sharps waste.Conclusion: Considering the high percentage of infectious waste, it can be concluded that despite plentiful efforts on the separation of hospital waste, yet there are various problems that requires more attention to this issue and also use of new methods for safe disposal of hospital wastes

  5. Analysis on Profit Quality of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises: A Case Study of YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling; JIANG; Huawei; LUO

    2013-01-01

    For a long time, under the influence of system and environment and other factors, some small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises in China only seek growth of profit in quantity, but neglect the growth of profit in quality, leading to low profit quality. This study reasonably defines the concept of profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, and expounds general characteristics of high quality profit. On the basis of general factors influencing profit quality of enterprises, it builds indicator system for evaluating the profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. Also, it conducts an empirical analysis on profit quality of Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises with YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province as an example.

  6. Effects of different agricultural systems on soil quality in Northern Limón province, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornwell, Emma

    2014-09-01

    Conversion of native rainforest ecosystems in Limón Province of Costa Rica to banana and pineapple monoculture has led to reductions in biodiversity and soil quality. Agroforestry management of cacao (Theobroma cacao) is an alternative system that may maintain the agricultural livelihood of the region while more closely mimicking native ecosystems. This study compared physical, biological and chemical soil quality indicators of a cacao plantation under organic agroforestry management with banana, pineapple, and pasture systems; a native forest nearby served as a control. For bulk density and earthworm analysis, 18 samples were collected between March and April 2012 from each ecosystem paired with 18 samples from the cacao. Cacao had a lower bulk density than banana and pineapple monocultures, but greater than the forest (p agroecosystem paired with three samples from the cacao plantation. Forest and pineapple ecosystems had the lowest pH, cation exchange capacity, and exchangeable nutrient cations, while cacao had the greatest (p < 0.05). Total nutrient levels of P and N were slightly greater in banana, pineapple and pasture than in cacao; probably related to addition of chemical fertilizer and manure from cattle grazing. Forest and cacao also had greater %C, than other ecosystems, which is directly related to soil organic matter content (p < 0.0001). Overall, cacao had more favorable physical, biological and chemical soil characteristics than banana and pineapple monocultures, while trends were less conclusive compared to the pastureland. While organic cacao was inferior to native forest in some soil characteristics such as bulk density and organic carbon, its soil quality did best mimic that of the native forest. This supports the organic cultivation of cacao as a desirable alternative to banana and pineapple monoculture.

  7. Soil Quality Assessment of Acid Sulfate Paddy Soils with Different Productivities in Guangdong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zhan-jun; ZHOU Wei; SHEN Jian-bo; LI Shu-tian; LIANG Guo-qing; WANG Xiu-bin; SUN Jing-wen; AI Chao

    2014-01-01

    Land conversion is considered an effective measure to ensure national food security in China, but little information is available on the quality of low productivity soils, in particular those in acid sulfate soil regions. In our study, acid sulfate paddy soils were divided into soils with high, medium and low levels based on local rice productivity, and 60 soil samples were collected for analysis. Twenty soil variables including physical, chemical and biochemical properties were determined. Those variables that were signiifcantly different between the high, medium and low productivity soils were selected for principal component analysis, and microbial biomass carbon (MBC), total nitrogen (TN), available silicon (ASi), pH and available zinc (AZn) were retained in the minimum data set (MDS). After scoring the MDS variables, they were integrated to calculate a soil quality index (SQI), and the high, medium and low productivity paddy soils received mean SQI scores of 0.95, 0.83 and 0.60, respectively. Low productivity paddy soils showed worse soil quality, and a large discrepancy was observed between the low and high productivity paddy soils. Lower MBC, TN, ASi, pH and available K (AK) were considered as the primary limiting factors. Additionally, all the soil samples collected were rich in available P and AZn, but deifcient in AK and ASi. The results suggest that soil AK and ASi deifciencies were the main limiting factors for all the studied acid sulfate paddy soil regions. The application of K and Si on a national basis and other sustainable management approaches are suggested to improve rice productivity, especially for low productivity paddy soils. Our results indicated that there is a large potential for increasing productivity and producing more cereals in acid sulfate paddy soil regions.

  8. Status and understanding of groundwater quality in the San Diego Drainages Hydrogeologic Province, 2004: California GAMA Priority Basin Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Michael T.; Belitz, Kenneth

    2011-01-01

    Groundwater quality in the approximately 3,900-square-mile (mi2) San Diego Drainages Hydrogeologic Province (hereinafter San Diego) study unit was investigated from May through July 2004 as part of the Priority Basin Project of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The study unit is located in southwestern California in the counties of San Diego, Riverside, and Orange. The GAMA Priority Basin Project is being conducted by the California State Water Resources Control Board in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The GAMA San Diego study was designed to provide a statistically robust assessment of untreated-groundwater quality within the primary aquifer systems. The assessment is based on water-quality and ancillary data collected by the USGS from 58 wells in 2004 and water-quality data from the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) database. The primary aquifer systems (hereinafter referred to as the primary aquifers) were defined by the depth interval of the wells listed in the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) database for the San Diego study unit. The San Diego study unit consisted of four study areas: Temecula Valley (140 mi2), Warner Valley (34 mi2), Alluvial Basins (166 mi2), and Hard Rock (850 mi2). The quality of groundwater in shallow or deep water-bearing zones may differ from that in the primary aquifers. For example, shallow groundwater may be more vulnerable to surficial contamination than groundwater in deep water-bearing zones. This study had two components: the status assessment and the understanding assessment. The first component of this study-the status assessment of the current quality of the groundwater resource-was assessed by using data from samples analyzed for volatile organic compounds (VOC), pesticides, and naturally occurring inorganic constituents, such as major ions and trace elements. The status assessment is intended to

  9. Quality control of climatological time series in the province of macerata (adriatic side of central italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentilucci, Matteo; Bisci, Carlo; Fazzini, Massimiliano; Tognetti, Danilo

    2016-04-01

    The analysis is focused on more than 100 meteorological recording stations located in the Province of Macerata (Marche region, Adriatic side of Central Italy) and in its neighbours; it aims to check the time series of their climatological data (temperatures and precipitations), covering about one century of observations, in order to remove or rectify any errors. This small area (about 2.800Km2) features many different climate types, because of its varied topography ranging, moving westward, from the Adriatic coast to the Appennines (over 2.100m of altitude). In this irregular context, it is difficult to establish a common procedure for each sector; therefore, it has been followed the general guidelines of the WMO, with some important difference (mostly in the method). Data are classified on the basis of validation codes (VC): missing datum (VC=-1), correct or verified datum (VC=0), datum under investigation (VC=1), datum removed after the analysis (VC=2), datum reconstructed through interpolation or by estimating the errors of digitization (VC=3). The first step was the "Logical Control", consisting in the investigation of gross errors of digitization: the data found in this phase of the analysis has been removed without any other control (VC=2). The second step, represented by the "Internal Consistency Check", leads to the elimination (VC=2) of all the data out of range, estimated on the basis of the climate zone for each investigated variable. The third one is the "Tolerance Test", carried out comparing each datum with the historical record it belongs to, in order to apply this test, the normal distribution of data has been evaluated. The "Tolerance Test" usually defines only suspect data (VC=1) to be verified with further tests, such as the "Temporal Consistency" and the "Spatial Consistency". The "Temporal Consistency" allows an evaluation of the time sequence of data, setting a specified range for each station basing upon its historical records. Data out of

  10. Constraints in meeting food safety and quality requirements in the Turkish dairy industry: a case study of Izmir province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirbaş, Nevin; Karagözlü, Cem

    2008-02-01

    Recent global developments concerning food quality and food safety have influenced and stimulated food legislation in Turkey in accordance with internal and international trade and agreements. In this study, the way in which the dairy industry conforms to this legislation was analyzed through a case study of Izmir province, which generally has all the structural characteristics of the dairy sector in Turkey. A survey in which dairy plant managers responded to a special questionnaire was used to collect data from 86 dairy plants chosen on the basis of proportional sampling. According to the results of this study, (i) there are many dairy processors in the region, (ii) most managers have a limited education concerning their positions, (iii) most firms handle small volumes of milk and have little control over the raw milk supply, (iv) resources are too limited in these firms, limiting their ability to adopt most regulations, and (v) few processors apply the regulatory practices imposed by governmental agencies. Thus, food legislation is not enough to ensure food safety in the dairy industry in Turkey. Technical and educational support should be given to farmers and the staff of dairy firms by the Ministry of Agriculture to form an appropriate food safety infrastructure in Turkey for the milk and processed dairy products industry.

  11. Evaluation of the Water Quality Pollution Indices for Groundwater Resources of Ghahavand Plain, Hamadan Province, Western Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheil Sobhanardakani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to the increasing pollution of water resources, this study was carried out for evaluation of water quality pollution indices for monitoring of heavy metals (As, Zn, Pb and Cu contamination in Ghahavand Plain, Hamadan Province, Western Iran during spring and summer 2012. Methods: Totally, 20 ground water wells were chosen randomly. The samples were filtered (0.45 μm and maintained cool in polyethylene bottles. Samples were taken for the analysis of metals, the former was acidified with HNO3 to pH lower than 2. Metal concentrations were determined using ICP-OES. Results: The mean values of Contamination index (Cd, Heavy metal pollution index (HPI and Heavy metal evaluation index (HEI in samples for spring season were -2.27, 9.01 and 1.73 respectively and in samples for summer season were -1.95, 8.69 and 2.04 respectively. It indicates low contamination levels. Comparing the mean concentrations of the evaluated metals with WHO permissible limits showed a significant difference (P<0.05. Conclusion: The mean concentrations of the metals were significantly lower than the permissible limits. Although the heavy metal pollution of the ground water in Ghahavand Plain is lower than WHO permissible limits, but severe precautions consideration such as manage the use of agricultural inputs, prevention of use of wastewater and sewage sludge in agriculture, control of overuse of organic fertilizers and establishment of pollutant industries are recommended in this area.

  12. Effect of intensive blood glucose control on quality of life in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qiu; ZHANG Nan; HU Hong-lin; HE Yong; CHEN Ming-wei; WANG Xiu-yan; YANG Ming-gong; LI Jun

    2011-01-01

    Background Intensive blood glucose control is proven to be associated with the diabetic microvascular and macrovascular complications, which could affect quality of life (QOL). This study was performed to determine the effects of intensive glucose control therapy on QOL of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui Province.Methods Ninety-seven elderly patients with type 2 diabetes in Anhui were randomly assigned to standard treatment group and intensive therapy group. All patients were followed up for five years on average. Correlated information has been collected during the regular follow-up.Results Patients with microvascular complications reported significantly lower European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) scores and had more problems with usual activities, pain and anxiety than those without complications (P <0.05).Patients having experienced hypoglycemic episodes had significantly more problems with anxiety than those without hypoglycemic episodes (P <0.05). No significant difference was detected in all dimensions in quality of life, as well as in Visual Analog Scale score between two groups (P >0.05). There was no significant difference in quality of life at the fifth year compared with that of the first year in both groups. Women had more feelings of pain and anxiety than men (P <0.05)and longer disease course was associated with increased levels of pain and anxiety (P <0.05), as well as with lower QOL.In addition, patients with higher body mass index (BMI) had more problems with daily activities than patients with lower BMI (P <0.05).Conclusions Anxiety is common in elderly diabetic patients and they experienced frequent hypoglycemic episodes.Diabetic vascular complications significantly affect QOL of the patients. Intensive glucose control has no significant effect on QOL of the diabetic patients. Female, older age, long disease course, less education and high BMI are all factors caused reduced QOL and patients with these factors

  13. Microbiological quality of swimming-pool waters in the province of Badajoz (Spain); Calidad microbiologica de las aguas de piscina en la provinca de Badajoz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villalba Doblas, A. M.; Ambel Carracedo, M. P.; Cobos Rodriguez, J. G.

    2006-07-01

    The object of the actual work is to evaluate the microbiological quality of swimming pool waters in the province of Badajoz, 79 samples in 33 cities, according to criteria required by the Decreto 54/2002 of the Comunidad Autonoma of Extremadura. the work describes the possible origins of the pollution in the swimming-pool waters and the risks. The parameters analyzed were Termotolerant Coliforms, Faecal streptococci, S. aureus, P. aerogenes, Sulphate reducing bacteria and Salmonella spp. Results show that 62% of these fulfil microbiological quality criteria. the presence of Sulphate reducing bacteria was found in 24% of the samples, and P. aerogenes was detected in 16% of them. (Author) 20 refs.

  14. Antwerp Copper Plates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadum, Jørgen

    1999-01-01

    In addition to presenting a short history of copper paintings, topics detail artists’ materials and techniques, as well as aspects of the copper industry, including mining, preparation and trade routes.......In addition to presenting a short history of copper paintings, topics detail artists’ materials and techniques, as well as aspects of the copper industry, including mining, preparation and trade routes....

  15. Comparative Analysis and Comprehensive Evaluation of Fishery Water Quality of the Major Lakes in Jiangsu Province Based on Long-term Monitoring Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; WANG; Xiangke; FAN; Chungui; HUANG; Hao; ZHENG; Zhijun; CHEN; Baohong; FAN; Chenwu; XU

    2015-01-01

    The variance analysis of fishery water quality data of five lakes from 2001 to 2011( except 2004) was performed to compare the difference of the monitoring indicators among the five above-mentioned lakes in Jiangsu Province. And TOPSIS method was employed to give comprehensive comparison of water quality of the five lakes. The results indicated that the difference of 14 major water quality indicators was very significant among lakes except copper. In addition,transparency,total nitrogen,total phosphorus had very significant difference among stations for each lake; p H,chemical oxygen demand,oil,total phosphorus,lead,cadmium,mercury had significant or very significant difference among years for each station. The TOPSIS results showed that the fishery water quality of Gaobaoshaobo Lake was the best,and Luoma Lake was just second to it,followed by Hongze Lake,Taihu Lake and Gehu Lake. In combination with the geographic position of each lake,it showed that fishery water quality of the five investigated lakes was basically increasingly better from the south to the north in Jiangsu Province,and the trend revealed high association with the developed industrial economy.

  16. Study of a unique 16th century Antwerp majolica floor in the Rameyenhof castle's chapel by means of X-ray fluorescence and portable Raman analytical instrumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van de Voorde, Lien, E-mail: lien.vandevoorde@ugent.be [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Vandevijvere, Melissa [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); University of Antwerp, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Conservation Studies, Centre for Conservation Research (CCR), Blindestraat 9, 2000 Antwerp (Belgium); University of Antwerp, Department of Chemistry, X-ray and Instrumentation Lab (AXI2L), Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Vekemans, Bart [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Van Pevenage, Jolien [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Raman Spectroscopy Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Caen, Joost [University of Antwerp, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Conservation Studies, Centre for Conservation Research (CCR), Blindestraat 9, 2000 Antwerp (Belgium); Vandenabeele, Peter [Ghent University, Department of Archaeology, Archaeometry Research Group, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 35, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Van Espen, Piet [University of Antwerp, Department of Chemistry, X-ray and Instrumentation Lab (AXI2L), Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Vincze, Laszlo [Ghent University, Department of Analytical Chemistry, X-Ray Microspectroscopy and Imaging Research Group, Krijgslaan 281 S12, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

    2014-12-01

    The most unique and only known 16th century Antwerp majolica tile floor in Belgium is situated in a tower of the Rameyenhof castle (Gestel, Belgium). This exceptional work of art has recently been investigated in situ by using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and Raman spectroscopy in order to study the material characteristics. This study reports on the result of the analyses based on the novel combination of non-destructive and portable instrumentation, including a handheld XRF spectrometer for obtaining elemental information and a mobile Raman spectrometer for retrieving structural and molecular information on the floor tiles in the Rameyenhof castle and on a second, similar medallion, which is stored in the Rubens House museum in Antwerp (Belgium). The investigated material, majolica, is a type of ceramic, which fascinated many people and potters throughout history by its beauty and colourful appearance. In this study the characteristic major/minor and trace element signature of 16th century Antwerp majolica is determined and the pigments used for the colourful paintings present on the floor are identified. Furthermore, based on the elemental fingerprint of the white glaze, and in particular on the presence of zinc in the tiles – an element that was not used for making 16th century majolica – valuable information about the originality of the chapel floor and the two central medallions is acquired. - Highlights: • In situ, non-destructive investigation of a unique Antwerp majolica floor • Multi-methodological approach: make use of a mobile Raman and X-ray spectrometer • Obtaining information about layered structure of Antwerp majolica • The used pigments in the majolica floor in Rameyenhof castle are characterized. • The verification of the authenticity of the floor and two central medallions are performed.

  17. Quality of obstetric referral services in India's JSY cash transfer programme for institutional births: a study from Madhya Pradesh province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarika Chaturvedi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: India launched JSY cash transfer programme to increase access to emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC by incentivising in-facility births. This increased in-facility births from 30%in 2005 to 73% in 2012 however, decline in maternal mortality follows a secular trend. Dysfunctional referral services can contribute to poor programme impact on outcomes. We hence describe inter- facility referrals and study quality of referral services in JSY. METHODS AND RESULTS: Women accessing intra natal care (n = 1182 at facilities (reporting >10 deliveries/month, n = 96 were interviewed in a 5 day cross sectional survey in 3 districts of Madhya Pradesh province. A nested matched case control study (n = 68 pairs was performed to study association between maternal referral and adverse birth outcomes. There were 111 (9.4% in referrals and 69 (5.8% out referrals. Secondary level facilities sent most referrals and 40% were for conditions expected to be treated at this level. There were 36 adverse birth outcomes (intra partum and in-facility deaths. After matching for type of complication and place of delivery, conditional logistic regression model showed maternal referral at term delivery was associated with higher odds of adverse birth outcomes (OR- 2.6, 95% CI: 1.0-6.6 p = 0.04. Maternal death record review (April 10-March 12 was conducted at the CEmOC facility in one district. Spatial analysis of transfer time from sending to the receiving CEmOC facility among in-facility maternal deaths was conducted in ArcGIS10 applying two hours (equated to 100 Km as desired transfer time. There were 124 maternal deaths, 55 of which were among mothers referred in. Buffer analysis revealed 98% mothers were referred from <2 hours. Median time between arrival and death was 6.75 hours. CONCLUSIONS: High odds of adverse birth outcomes associated with maternal referral and high maternal deaths despite spatial access to referral care indicate poor

  18. Irritable bowel syndrome consulters in Zhejiang province:The symptoms pattern,predominant bowel habit subgroups and quality of life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Min Si; Liang-Jing Wang; Shu-Jie Chen; Lei-Min Sun; Ning Dai

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the pattern of symptoms, predominant bowel habits and quality of life (QOL) by the Chinese version of the SF-36 in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) consulters in Zhejiang province.METHODS: From January 2001 to January 2002, 662 Roma Ⅱ criteria-positive IBS patients were enrolled by gastroenterologists in 10 hospitals from Digestive Disease Center of Zhejiang (DDCZ). Patients were classified into constipation predominant IBS (IBS-C), diarrhea predominant IBS (IBS-D) and alternating constipation and diarrhea IBS (IBS-A) according to the predominant bowel habits. All patients were evaluated for the demographic checklists, IBS bowel symptoms, extra-colonic symptoms, and QOL by Chinese version of the SF-36 questionnaire.RESULTS: (1) Besides abdominal pain, the predominant colonic symptoms were in order of altered stool form,abnormalities of stool passage, abdominal distension and passage of mucus in IBS patients. Also, IBS subjects reported generalized body discomfort and psychosocial problems including dyspeptic symptoms, poor appetite, heartburn,headache, back pain, difficulty with urination, fatigue, anxiety and depression. (2) IBS-C and IBS-A are more common among female patients, whereas male patients experiencedmore cases of IBS-D. In regards to the IBS symptoms, there were significant differences among IBS subgroups.Abdominal pain (frequency ≥2 days per week and duration ≥ 1 hour per day) was frequent in IBS-A patients (P=0.010and 0.027, respectively), IBS-D patients more frequently experienced the passage of mucus, dyspeptic symptoms and anxiety (P=0.000, 0.014 and 0.015, respectively). (3)IBS patients experienced significant impairment in QOL,decrements in QOL were most pronounced in vitality, general health, mental health, and bodily pain. Compared with the general population (adjusted for gender and age), IBS patientsscored significantly lower on all SF-scales (P<0.001), except for physical function scale (P=0.149). (4) QOL was

  19. Exploring quality of life among the elderly in Hai Duong province, Vietnam: a rural–urban dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thanh Huong

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Quality of life (QoL is an important health index for the elderly, necessary for assessing interventions, and prioritising medical and social care needs. As the ageing population in Vietnam continues to increase, understanding important dimensions of QoL for the elderly is essential. There is a paucity of research in this area, however, and the available literature focuses on functional capacities. The purpose of this article is to explore perceptions on the dimensions of QoL among the elderly in Vietnam, to use these perceptions to broaden the concept, and to explore similarities and differences between those living in urban compared to rural areas. Method: Qualitative methods included in-depth interviews (IDI with experts in ageing and elderly persons, as well as focus group discussions (FGDs in three communes in Hai Duong province. IDIs and FGDs were recorded and transcribed. NVivo software was used to analyse the data. Results: Thematic analysis identified physical, psychological, social, environmental, religious, and economic as important dimensions of QoL. For elderly participants in both urban and rural areas, physical health, social relations, finances and economics, the physical and social environment, and psychological health were reported as important. Rural participants also identified religious practice as an important dimension of QoL. In terms of relationships, the elderly in urban areas prioritised those with their children, while the elderly in rural areas focussed their concerns on community relationships and economic conditions. Conclusion: Isolating individual factors that contribute to QoL among the elderly is difficult given the inter-relations and rich cross-linkages between themes. Elderly participants in urban and rural areas broadly shared perspectives on the themes identified, in particular social relationships, but their experiences diverged around issues surrounding finances and economics, their

  20. Community perception of quality of (primary health care services in a rural area of Limpopo Province, South Africa: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T-AB Mashego

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to survey perceptions of quality of (primary health care services provided in rural communities in the Limpopo province. Ten focus groups discussions were held with community members chosen by convenience from public places from four villages in the central region of the Limpopo Province. The sample included 42 women and 34 men (76 participants. Results indicated perceived quality discussed within the following categories: (1 conduct of staff (reception, communication, discrimination, care and compassion, respect for privacy, (2 technical care (examination, explanation of treatment, responsiveness, treatment outcomes, (3 health care facility, (4 health care organisation, (5 drugs (availability, explanation, effectiveness, payment, and (6 waiting time. The findings suggest some satisfaction with free basic and preventive health care and social services provided but there is a need to look closely into the interpersonal dimension of the services provided, provision of medication with adequate explanation to patients on the medication given, and on structural aspects, there is need for the government to give support to the clinics to provide adequate services. Improving drug availability, interpersonal skills (including attitudes towards patients and technical care have been identified as the three main priorities for enhancing perceived quality of primary health care and health policy action.

  1. Three-dimensional water quality model based on FVCOM for total load control management in Guan River Estuary, Northern Jiangsu Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li; Lin, Weibo; Li, Keqiang; Sheng, Jianming; Wei, Aihong; Luo, Feng; Wang, Yan; Wang, Xiulin; Zhang, Longjun

    2016-04-01

    Guan River Estuary and adjacent coastal area (GREC) suffer from serious pollution and eutrophicational problems over the recent years. Thus, reducing the land-based load through the national pollutant total load control program and developing hydrodynamic and water quality models that can simulate the complex circulation and water quality kinetics within the system, including longitudinal and lateral variations in nutrient and COD concentrations, is a matter of urgency. In this study, a three-dimensional, hydrodynamic, water quality model was developed in GREC, Northern Jiangsu Province. The complex three-dimensional hydrodynamics of GREC were modeled using the unstructured-grid, finite-volume, free-surface, primitive equation coastal ocean circulation model (FVCOM). The water quality model was adapted from the mesocosm nutrients dynamic model in the south Yellow Sea and considers eight compartments: dissolved inorganic nitrogen, soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP), phytoplankton, zooplankton, detritus, dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP), and chemical oxygen demand. The hydrodynamic and water quality models were calibrated and confirmed for 2012 and 2013. A comparison of the model simulations with extensive dataset shows that the models accurately simulate the longitudinal distribution of the hydrodynamics and water quality. The model can be used for total load control management to improve water quality in this area.

  2. Effect of Dietary Sodium Nitrate Consumption on Egg Production, Egg Quality Characteristics and Some Blood Indices in Native Hens of West Azarbaijan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Safary, H.; Daneshyar, M.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of sodium nitrate consumption on egg quality and quantity, and some blood parameters of native breeder hens of West Azerbaijan province. One hundred native hens were used from wk 25 to 32 of age. These birds were divided into two groups. One group was fed the control diet (CD) but the other fed the same diet supplemented with 4.2 g/kg sodium nitrate (ND). After 2 wks of adaptation, eggs were collected daily and egg mass and egg production were m...

  3. Research on the Consumers Willingness to Buy Traceable Pork with Different Quality Information:A Case Study of Consumers in Weifang, Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan; BU; Dian; ZHU; Linhai; WU

    2013-01-01

    The traceability system can effectively reduce the food safety risks, however, it is confronted with various problems during its implementation. In this context, the paper carries out a case study of consumers in Weifang, Shandong Province, and studies their willingness to pay the traceable pork with different quality information. The results indicate that, the consumers show high expectations towards the introduction of traceability system, and they tend to buy the traceable pork only with breeding and slaughter information; their behaviors of purchase are greatly influenced by the following factors: the consumers education, age, income, attention on food safety and whether there are pregnant family members, etc..

  4. 滇中胭脂虫虫体质量评估%Quality Assessment of Cochineal Cultivated in Middle Area of Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭元亨; 郑华; 马李一; 张弘; 李坤; 涂行浩

    2012-01-01

    为评估我国引进胭脂虫(Dactylopius coccus Costa)的质量,本研究通过比较滇中胭脂虫与秘鲁胭脂虫的堆密度、单重虫粒数、吸水率及体积膨胀率,并分析两地胭脂虫干虫体中四氯化碳提取物、乙醇提取物、石油醚提取物、总蛋白质、胭脂红酸、不溶性糖类及灰分等主要化学组分的含量,评估了我国滇中地区繁养的胭脂虫质量.结果显示,滇中胭脂虫与秘鲁胭脂虫相比,除堆密度含量差异较小外,其余物理参数和主要化学组分差异性均较大,但滇中地区繁养的胭脂虫作为生产加工胭脂红酸的原料,仍具有较高的开发利用价值.%The aim of this research was to assess the quality of the cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa) which cultivated in middle area of Yunnan Province. The bulk density, insect numbers per gram, water absorption and expansivity, as well as main chemical composition of the cochineal that cultivated in middle area of Yunnan Province were compared with the cochineal cualtivated in Peru. The results showed that significant differences exist between cochineal cultivated in middle area of Yunnan Province and in Peru, except bulk density. Cochineal cultivated in middle area of Yunnan Province can be also used for making carminic acid.

  5. Ground-water quality and its relation to hydrogeology, land use, and surface-water quality in the Red Clay Creek basin, Piedmont Physiographic Province, Pennsylvania and Delaware

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senior, Lisa A.

    1996-01-01

    The Red Clay Creek Basin in the Piedmont Physiographic Province of Pennsylvania and Delaware is a 54-square-mile area underlain by a structurally complex assemblage of fractured metamorphosed sedimentary and igneous rocks that form a water-table aquifer. Ground-water-flow systems generally are local, and ground water discharges to streams. Both ground water and surface water in the basin are used for drinking-water supply. Ground-water quality and the relation between ground-water quality and hydrogeologic and land-use factors were assessed in 1993 in bedrock aquifers of the basin. A total of 82 wells were sampled from July to November 1993 using a stratified random sampling scheme that included 8 hydrogeologic and 4 land-use categories to distribute the samples evenly over the area of the basin. The eight hydrogeologic units were determined by formation or lithology. The land-use categories were (1) forested, open, and undeveloped; (2) agricultural; (3) residential; and (4) industrial and commercial. Well-water samples were analyzed for major and minor ions, nutrients, volatile organic compounds (VOC's), pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyl compounds (PCB's), and radon-222. Concentrations of some constituents exceeded maximum contaminant levels (MCL) or secondary maximum contaminant levels (SMCL) established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for drinking water. Concentrations of nitrate were greater than the MCL of 10 mg/L (milligrams per liter) as nitrogen (N) in water from 11 (13 percent) of 82 wells sampled; the maximum concentration was 38 mg/L as N. Water from only 1 of 82 wells sampled contained VOC's or pesticides that exceeded a MCL; water from that well contained 3 mg/L chlordane and 1 mg/L of PCB's. Constituents or properties of well-water samples that exceeded SMCL's included iron, manganese, dissolved solids, pH, and corrosivity. Water from 70 (85 percent) of the 82 wells sampled contained radon-222 activities greater than the proposed MCL of

  6. The effect of a poverty reduction policy and service quality standards on commune-level primary health care utilization in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Phuong; Bich Hanh, Duong; Lavergne, M Ruth; Mai, Tung; Nguyen, Quang; Phillips, James F; Hughes, Jane; Van Thuc, Ha

    2010-07-01

    Although universal access to quality health services is a primary policy goal of the Government of Vietnam (GOVN), economic restructuring and privatization of health services have been associated with emerging inequities in access to care. A GOVN programme for socio-economic development known as Program 135 (P135) designates communes known to be relatively poor as priority localities for development resources. Under this programme, basic curative and preventive health services, including some prescription drugs, are provided free of charge at commune health centres (CHCs). In an effort to improve the quality of care provided at CHCs, the national Ministry of Health (MOH) has implemented a set of national benchmarks for commune health care, which defines a minimum configuration of equipment, staff, training and other elements of service provision. This research examines the impact of P135 poverty reduction policy, achievement of MOH benchmark indicators and commune socio-economic characteristics on CHC utilization rates in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam. The analysis uses administrative data reported from 178 CHCs in Thai Nguyen Province for nine quarters, including 2004, 2005 and the first quarter of 2006. Mixed linear regression models are used to estimate the main and interaction effects on utilization rates of exposure to the P135 policies, achievement of MOH benchmarks, poverty, distance to the district hospital and ethnic composition. Communes that are poor and remote have comparatively high CHC utilization rates. Multivariate regression results suggest that communes exposed to the P135 policy have higher utilization rates, but these effects are conditional upon achievement of benchmark standards, thus perceived quality care enhances CHC utilization. Combining Program P135 with benchmark investment reduced the gap between primary health care utilization in poor communes versus those that are less poor. These commune-level findings suggest that CHC policies

  7. Improving the Quality of Urban Space and Shaping the Characteristics of Urban Culture: Under the Rapid Urbanization Phase of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou; Lan; Yu; Chun; Zhang; Qingfei

    2015-01-01

    China is currently undergoing the most inf luential urbanization phase in its history, and this process will probably last for a few decades to come. Along with the accelerated urbanization, the quality of development has been elevated to an equal position with the quantity. Being one of the most developed and best urbanized provinces in China, Jiangsu has achieved an urbanization rate of 57%. Dealing with large construction scales, Jiangsu is presently striving to improve the quality of its urban space, and to elevate human settlements to a higher level. By contextualizing Jiangsu’s urbanization within a certain development stage and a specif ic historical era, the paper proposes the overall idea and action strategies for improving the quality of urban space, on the basis of the analysis on contemporary cultural pursuits. It aims at changing the current situation of "one outlook for thousands of cities," improving the quality of urban space and the competitiveness of urban culture, and eventually creating better human settlements and a harmonious society.

  8. Research on Tour Guide Service Quality Perception of Tourists to Yunnan Province%云南省导游服务质量感知研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈阳; 谢朝武

    2015-01-01

    After the implementation of the Tourism Law, malignant tour guide events made a comeback and continued despite repeated prohibitions. Based on Ctrip data source, this paper collects 636 tourists’ comments on package tour products of Yunnan province during October 1,2013 to March 1,2015.By using qualitative analysis based on the Grounded Theory, which includes open coding, axial coding and selective coding, this paper structures tour guide service quality perception dimensions. Secondly, by using optimal scaling analysis, this paper points out the perception of tour guide service quality in the online package tour products from tourists travel to tourism element places of Yunnan province with measures to optimize the tour guide service quality in Yunnan province.%《旅游法》实施之后,云南省恶性导游事件卷土重来、屡禁不止。本文选取携程网作为数据来源网站,以云南省为案例地,选取《旅游法》实施之后自2013年10月1日至2015年3月1日的636条游客对跟团游产品导游服务质量的评论资料,分别涉及318条纯玩团评论资料和318条购物团评论资料。首先采用扎根理论法,经过三级编码过程,对它们进行概念和范畴提炼,构建了云南省在线跟团游产品的导游服务质量感知维度,并解构了游客的评论重点和导游服务质量的感知概况。其次采用最优尺度下的多重对应分析方法,分别对涉及云南省旅游要素场所的134条纯玩团和134条购物团的导游服务质量评论进行分析,得出游客对云南省旅游要素场所的导游服务质量感知情况。据此,提出了云南省导游服务质量的优化管理对策。

  9. Analysis of Shaanxi Province's Environmental Quality with the Environmental Kuznets Curve%陕西环境质量的库兹涅茨曲线分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亲脑; 宋元梁

    2012-01-01

    工业化过程中的经济快速增长对生态环境带来很大破坏,继而影响经济持续增长.本文以陕西为例,实证分析了其经济增长与环境质量之间的关系,得出陕西工业“三废”与人均GDP之间并未呈现典型的倒U型库兹涅茨曲线的悖论,并据此提出加强环境治理、走新型工业化路子等对策建议,这对全国其他地区都有着重要的借鉴意义.%Rapid economic growth in the process of industrialization has done great damage to the ecological environment, which in turn, affects the sustained economic growth. This paper makes an empirical analysis of the relationship between the economic growth of Shaanxi Province and her environmental quality, leading to the conclusion that the paradox between the three kinds of industrial waste and the GDP per capita does not show the typical inverted U-shaped Kuznets curve. Based on theconclusion,countermeasures are put forward-strengthening environmental management and taking anew way to industrialization. The study will provide a valuabe reference for other provinces.

  10. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musran Munizu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery companies in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Random sampling is used in the study. 55 complete questionnaires were returned as a final sample. Three hypotheses have been developed through literature review and tested using Path Analysis performed by SPSS 18.00 software. The results show that TQM practices have positive and significant effect both on organizational performance and competitive advantage. Competitive advantage has a positive and significant effect on organizational performance. Organizational performance is more influenced by competitive advantage than TQM practices.

  11. Evaluation of water quality in surface water and shallow groundwater: a case study of a rare earth mining area in southern Jiangxi Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Xiuzhen; Wang, Dengjun; Wang, Peiran; Wang, Yuxia; Zhou, Dongmei

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the quality of surface water and shallow groundwater near a rare earth mining area in southern Jiangxi Province, China. Water samples from paddy fields, ponds, streams, wells, and springs were collected and analyzed. The results showed that water bodies were characterized by low pH and high concentrations of total nitrogen (total N), ammonium nitrogen (NH4 (+)-N), manganese (Mn), and rare earth elements (REEs), which was likely due to residual chemicals in the soil after mining activity. A comparison with the surface water standard (State Environmental Protection Administration & General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China GB3838, 2002) and drinking water sanitary standard (Ministry of Health & National Standardization Management Committee of China GB5749, 2006) of China revealed that 88 % of pond and stream water samples investigated were unsuitable for agricultural use and aquaculture water supply, and 50 % of well and spring water samples were unsuitable for drinking water. Moreover, significant cerium (Ce) negative and heavy REEs enrichment was observed after the data were normalized to the Post-Archean Australian Shales (PAAS). Principal component analysis indicated that the mining activity had a more significant impact on local water quality than terrace field farming and poultry breeding activities. Moreover, greater risk of water pollution and adverse effects on local residents' health was observed with closer proximity to mining sites. Overall, these findings indicate that effective measures to prevent contamination of surrounding water bodies from the effects of mining activity are needed.

  12. Microbial and metal water quality in rain catchments compared with traditional drinking water sources in the East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horak, Helena M; Chynoweth, Joshua S; Myers, Ward P; Davis, Jennifer; Fendorf, Scott; Boehm, Alexandria B

    2010-03-01

    In Papua New Guinea, a significant portion of morbidity and mortality is attributed to water-borne diseases. To reduce incidence of disease, communities and non-governmental organizations have installed rain catchments to provide drinking water of improved quality. However, little work has been done to determine whether these rain catchments provide drinking water of better quality than traditional drinking water sources, and if morbidity is decreased in villages with rain catchments. The specific aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of water produced by rain catchments in comparison with traditional drinking water sources in rural villages in the East Sepik Province. Fifty-four water sources in 22 villages were evaluated for enterococci and Escherichia coli densities as well as 14 health-relevant metals. In addition, we examined how the prevalence of diarrhoeal illness in villages relates to the type of primary drinking water source. The majority of tested metals were below World Health Organization safety limits. Catchment water sources had lower enterococci and E. coli than other water sources. Individuals in villages using Sepik River water as their primary water source had significantly higher incidence of diarrhoea than those primarily using other water sources (streams, dug wells and catchments).

  13. The Fuzzy Synthesizing Evaluation of City's Environmental Quality Based on GIOWA Operator: A Case of 13 Cities of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai Xianchun; Ling Kang; Guo Cunzhi

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the generally induced ordered weighted averaging (GIOWA) operator is used to construct the fuzzy evaluating system of the quality of a city's environment including air, water and noise.Based on the part data of air, water and noise of the 13 cities under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu provincial government in 2002, a case study is given. The evaluating results show that the evaluating system of the quality of a city's environment based on the GIOWA operator can reflect the condition of pollution controlled and environmental quality of a city in a period of time.

  14. Relationship between Internal Quality Audit and Quality Culture toward Implementation Consistency of ISO 9000 in Private College of Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mail, Abdul; Pratikto; Suparman, Sudjito; Purnomo; Santoso, Budi

    2014-01-01

    The study aims to find out the influence of internal quality process on the growth of quality culture in private college. This study is treated toward 178 lecturers of 25 private colleges in Sulawesi, Indonesia by means of questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis applied to assess the reliability of validity and measurement model. Relationship…

  15. Research on community elderly quality of life and its influencing factors in Changchun City of Jilin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Fengge

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To understand the status and influencing factors of the quality of life of the elderly patients in the community of Changchun City, and provide the basis for drawing up the interventions about improving the quality of life of the elderly patients in the community. Methods: 498 elderly patients were investigated by using random sampling method and QOL - BREF and self-designed questionnaire. Results: The scores of the quality of life were: PSYCH (13.00±1.91, ENVIR (13.39±2.23, PHYS (13.47±1.71 and SOCIL (14.21±2.56. The scores of quality of life self-evaluation and health condition self-evaluation were respectively (72.01±17.14 and (66.30±14.23. The results showed that gender, age, degree of education, marriage situation, vocation, income level can affect four aspects of the quality of life. The main factors influenced the scores of QOL were: leisure opportunities, satisfaction with health care services, satisfaction with sleep, interpersonal relationship, self-appreciation in appearance and satisfaction with the degree of the ability of daily life. Conclusion: The effective measures should be taken to improve the quality of the elderly patients, such as improving the healthy care function, establishing great supporting system in community.

  16. Quality of life and related factors among HIV-positive spouses from serodiscordant couples under antiretroviral therapy in Henan Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duo Shan

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the quality of life and related factors in HIV-positive spouses undergoing ART from discordant couples. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,009 HIV-positive spouses from serodiscordant couples in Zhumadian, Henan Province, between October 1, 2008 and March 31, 2009. HIV-positive spouses were interviewed by local health professionals. Quality of life was evaluated by WHOQOL (Chinese Version. A multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the related factors. RESULTS: The majority of subjects were female (56.39%, had received a high school education (44%, were of Han ethnicity (98.41%, and were farmers (90.09%; the median time period of receiving ART was 3.92 years. The physical, psychological, social, and environmental QOL scores of the subjects were 12.91±1.95, 12.35±1.80, 13.96±2.43, and 12.45±1.91 respectively. The multiple linear regression model identified the physical domain related factors to be CD4 count, educational level, and occupation; psychological domain related factors include age, educational level, and reported STD symptom; social domain related factors included education level; and environmental domain related factors included education level, reported STD symptoms, and occupation. CONCLUSION: Being younger, a farmer, having a lower level of education, a reported STD symptom, or lower CD4 count, could decrease one's quality of life, suggesting that the use of blanket ART programs alone may not necessarily improve quality of life. Subjects received lower scores in the psychological domain, suggesting that psychological intervention may also need to be strengthened.

  17. An evaluation on dietary pattern and quality among residents in Zhejiang province%浙江省居民膳食结构与质量评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺登花; 章荣华; 周标; 黄李春; 丁钢强

    2014-01-01

    Objective To assess the dietary pattern and quality of residents in Zhejiang province.Methods 21 52 residents aged 1 8 -79 years old were selected using multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method and the data from Chinese nutrition status monitoring project during 201 0 -201 2 was used.The results were evaluated using Chinese diet balance index.Results 41.08% of the residents in Zhejiang province was mild diet imbalance and 50.79% was middle diet imbalance while insufficient and excessive intakes were coexist.Mild and middle insufficient intakes were accounted for 66.1 7%and 27.88%respectively,while mild excessive intake was accounted for 35.55%.The diet balance indexes including DBI-LBS,DBI-HBS and DBI-DQD were 46.00,26.00 and 57.00 respectively.The dietary quality of males,rural areas was lower while residents aged 40 -49 years had the lowest dietary quality.There was positive correlation between dietary quality and degree of education (P<0.05 ).The main dietary pattern of residents in Zhejiang was pattern B (62.41%)following by pattern A (26.44%).Conclusion Insufficient and excessive intakes coexist among residents in Zhejiang province.Male,living in rural areas,people aged 40 -49 years or with lower degree of education should be taken as target intervention subjects.%目的:评价浙江省18~79岁居民的膳食结构及膳食质量,为干预措施提供依据。方法选取2010-2012年“中国居民营养状况监测项目”中浙江省6个市18~79岁居民的膳食调查资料,利用中国膳食平衡指数评价居民的膳食结构及膳食质量。结果浙江省居民的膳食质量多处于轻度(41.08%)到中度(50.79%)的膳食失衡,摄入不足与摄入过量并存,其中轻度和中度摄入不足分别占66.17%和27.88%,轻度膳食过量占35.55%;膳食平衡指数DBI-LBS、DBI-HBS和DBI-DQD分别为46.00、26.00和57.00;摄入过量及膳食失衡在人群中的分布特点为:男性高于

  18. Rivalry, solidarity, and longevity among siblings: A life course approach to the impact of sibship composition and birth order on later life mortality risk, Antwerp (1846-1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robyn Donrovich

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Family composition and household dynamics, both in early and in later life, influence individual health and longevity. Both positive and negative effects can be expected in terms of sibling size and composition. On one hand, siblings compete with each other, which may lead to resource dilution and increased adult mortality risks. On the other hand, siblings protect and care for each other, which may have a positive impact on longevity. Objective: To investigate the way in which sibling composition (with respect to sibship size, sex, and birth order in the family of orientation and the proximity of siblings in later life relates to adult mortality risks at ages 50+. Methods: Life courses of 258 men and 275 women from the Antwerp COR*-database were 'reconstructed' and analyzed by way of event history analysis using Gompertz shared frailty models. Results: Being higher in birth order related to significantly higher mortality risk after age 50 for men. Having older brothers, particularly those present in later life, was associated with very high excess mortality risk for both sexes, though men were more strongly disadvantaged. Having (more younger sisters present at RP (research person age 50 was related to significantly lower relative mortality risk for women. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the complex relationships between sibling and gender dynamics and mortality risk in later life. Evidence of a lasting impact of sibling competition on mortality risk over age 50 is found; and competition is only replaced by solidarity in critical times (e.g., widowhood, wherein older sibling presence dissimilarly impacts different social groups.

  19. Monitoring results of rural drinking water quality in Hainan Province in 2010%海南省2010年农村饮用水水质调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈莲玉

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解掌握海南省农村生活饮用水水质的卫生现状,为农村生活饮用水的有效管理提供科学依据.方法 分别于枯水期、丰水期对海南省18个市县375个监测点的农村生活饮用水进行检测分析.结果 共监测农村生活饮用水1 500份,合格550份,合格率较低的项目有:菌落总数、总大肠菌群及耐热大肠菌群.结论 细菌学指标是影响海南省农村饮水水质合格率的重要因素,建议加强农村饮用水的消毒,加大对饮用水的监督监测力度,以保障农村居民的身体健康.%Objective To know the current sanitation of drinking water quality in the Hainan rural area , and to provide scientific basis for effective management of the drinking water of rural area . Methods The drinking water of 375 monitoring spots of 18 cities and counties in Hainan province during the dry season and rich reason was analyzed respectively . Results Among 1500 drinking water sampls , 550 were qualified. The items affecting the qualification rate were total bacteria, total coli-forms and heat-resistant coliform bacteria. Conclusion The qualification rate of rural drinking water is low in Hainan province, and the key factor is bacteriological indicators . The performance of guaranteeing the health of the rural residents, disinfection and sanitation supervision for rural drinking water should be strengthened.

  20. Survey on sleep quality of head nurses in Sichuan province%四川省护士长睡眠质量现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雨昕; 李继平

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查四川省护士长睡眠质量,为改善护士长健康状况提供参考依据.方法 2011年10月,采用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)对四川省各级医院135名护士长进行有关睡眠质量的问卷调查,将PSQI得分与国内常模进行比较,并分析人口学特征与睡眠质量的相关性.结果 共发放问卷135份,回收有效问卷126份,有效率93.3%.126名护士长中睡眠质量较好者有15名,占11.9%;睡眠质量一般者有57名,占45.2%;睡眠质量较差者有54名,占42.9%.本次调查护士长PSQI总分及主观睡眠质量、入睡时间、睡眠时间、睡眠障碍和日间功能障碍得分分别为(7.53±3.00),(1.39±0.69),(1.46±0.89),(1.02±0.69),(1.13±0.49),(1.92±0.73)分,均明显高于国内常模,差异均有统计学意义(t值分别为13.64,12.40,9.57,5.20,5.32,18.22;P均<0.01).护龄、婚姻状况和性格与PSQI总分呈正相关(r值分别为0.191,0.183,0.181;P均<0.05),个人经济收入满意度与PSQI总分呈负相关(r=-0.218,P<0.05).结论 四川省的护士长睡眠质量与护龄、婚姻状况、性格和个人经济收入满意度有密切关系,应针对性地采取多种措施改善其睡眠质量,维护护士长身心健康,促进护理管理质量提高.%Objective To investigate sleep quality of head nurses in Sichuan province so as to provide the reference for improving the health of head nurses.Methods Questionnaire investigation were conducted in 126 head nurses from all level hospitals of Sichuan province by Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI).Results The mean score of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was (7.53 ± 3.00),and the scores of Subjective sleep quality,sleep latency,sleep time,sleep disorder and daytime dysfunction respectively were (1.39±0.69),(1.46 ±0.89),(1.02 ±0.69),(1.13 ±0.49),(1.92 ±0.73).42.9% of head nurses suffered poor sleep quality,45.2% of head nurses had a common quality of sleep,and 11.9% head nurses had a

  1. Investigation on semen quality of adult males in Henan Province%河南省育龄男性精液质量调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉山; 冯晓霞; 吉晓菲; 王全先; 武文斌; 潘周辉; 杨险峰; 孙琳

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the semen quality of adult males in Henan Province. Methods: A total of 4 052 adult male volunteers from The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between July, 2008 and July, 2010 were recruited and a questionnaire survey was conducted. The semen quality of these respondents was analyzed with computer - aided sperm analysis ( CASA). Results: Among the male volunteers, the sperm volume was 2. 60 ± 1. 39 ml, and the sperm concentration was (57. 85 ±24.19) × 106/ml. The percentage of grade A sperm was (29. 87 ± 16. 01) % , and that of grade A and grade B sperm was (51.28 ±22. 15) %. The percentage of normal morphology sperm was (11.42 ±4. 11) %. The percentage of normal sperm samples was 30.95% (1254/4052). The statistical increase of the sperm concentration and sperm motility was found because of a significant decrease of smoking, alcohol consumption and sauna bath in the adult male volunteers of the southern part of Henan Province. Conclusion: Bad habits and environment pollution are vital impact factors on the semen quality in Henan Province. And male reproductive health should be paid more attention to.%目的:了解河南省育龄男性精液质量现状.方法:随机取集2008年7月~2010年7月到郑州大学第三附属医院人类精子库志愿供精人员及河南省、地市妇幼保健院进行婚前体检和孕前体检的4052名正常育龄男性进行问卷调查,并采用计算机辅助精液分析系统进行精液运动指标分析.结果:4052名志愿者的精液量为2.60±1.39ml,精子密度为(57.85±24.19)×106/ml,a级精子百分率为(29.87±16.01)%,(a+b)级精子百分率为(51.28±22.15)%,正常形态精子百分率为(11.42±4.11)%;精液各项参数正常1254例(30.95%),异常者2798例(69.05%).豫南地区育龄男性中,吸烟、饮酒、高温洗浴的人数低于河南省其他地区(P<0.05),其精子密度、精子活动力优于河南省其他地区(P<0.05).结论:男性

  2. 河北沿海区耕地土壤质量综合评价%Comprehensive Evaluation of Soil Quality in Coastal Region of Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀萍; 张国新; 鲁雪林; 刘雅辉; 王贵政

    2013-01-01

    为了系统掌握河北沿海耕地土壤质量的现状,获取土壤质量提升的优化调控措施。采用GIS与模糊综合评判相结合的方法,对河北沿海区耕地土壤质量进行模糊综合评价与分级,获得土壤质量综合评判分级图。结果表明,研究区域耕地土壤质量状况总体较低,有机质中等偏低,全氮较为贫乏,有效磷和速效钾相对丰富,土壤全盐含量已达到中度盐渍化土标准,地下水矿化度高且埋深浅。土壤盐分、地下水矿化度与地下水埋深是土壤质量的主要限制因子。研究区不同行政区土壤质量状况具有明显差异性,其pH变异系数最小,全盐含量变异系数最大,其空间分布规律与土壤全盐含量相似;研究区土壤质量最差的区域是沧州沿海中东部、唐山沿海南部,其面积约占总耕地总面积的5.3%。土壤质量分级图可用于研究区中低产田改造、盐碱地综合治理,土壤质量较差的区域采取先种盐生植物、再种经济植物的“梯次推进”植物利用模式,通过逐步改善土壤理化性质,提高土壤质量。全面掌握区域的土壤质量状况,对河北沿海盐碱地土壤改良和科学管理提供依据。%This study was to systematically comprehend soil quality status in coastal region of Hebei Province, and acquire management measures to improve soil quality. With the application of fuzzy synthetic evaluation method and GIS technology, fuzzy synthetic evaluation and classification of regional soil quality was conducted, and spatial patterns of synthetic evaluation results of regional soil quality was obtained. The results indicated that, soil quality status of farmland across the study area was generally low, soil organic matter and N nutrient was low, available phosphorus and quick-acting potassium were abundant, content of total salt was up to the standard of medium saline soil, groundwater depth was shallower and

  3. Research on Quality Safety Management of Hubei Province Export Crawfish%湖北省出口小龙虾质量安全管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张剑

    2016-01-01

    作为为数稀少的自然资源性虾类产品———淡水小龙虾,是我国重点出口水产品之一,也是备受关注的高风险出口商品。目前乃至今后一段时期,出口淡水龙虾行业存在着若干内“忧”外“患”的困难和问题。文章将对湖北省出口小龙虾质量安全管理问题进行研究。%As one of the few natural resources shrimp products,freshwater crayfish is one of the important export aquatic product of our country,and is a high-risk export commodity received much concern.At present and in the future,there are some problems and difficulties of crawfish exportation.This article does a research on quality safety management of Hubei province ex-port crawfish.

  4. Investigation and analysis of apple nursery quality in Shaanxi Province%陕西省苹果苗木质量现状调查及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李高潮; 张庆伟; 宋晓敏; 宋春晖; 韩明玉; 赵彩平

    2011-01-01

    【目的】对陕西省苹果苗木质量开展实地调查,并参照国家苹果苗木质量标准,客观评价陕西省苹果苗木质量,旨在为苹果苗木繁育和苗木标准的完善提供依据。【方法】于陕西苹果苗木繁育最集中的地区(扶风、眉县和杨凌),选取常规苗圃和示范苗圃共27个,于苗圃典型地块以对角线方式进行取样,共计1 494株,按照国家标准对常规苗圃中2年生乔化、2年生矮化和3年生矮化及示范苗圃中2年生乔化和3年生矮化苗木的侧根数、根砧长度、中间砧长度、苗木高度、苗木粗度、倾斜度和整形带内饱满芽数等指标进行测定,对调查结果进行分析,并根据我国苹果%【Objective】 Field surveys were carried out to evaluate the quality status of apple nursery in Shaanxi Province objectively,and provide theoretical basis for the development of apple nursery breeding and the improvement of China national standard for apple nursery.【Method】 In most concentrated apple nursery breeding areas in Fufeng,Meixian and Yangling of Shaanxi Province,1 494 seedlings of typical block of 27 nurseries(including general nursery and demonstration nursery) were selected and sampled by a diagonal sampling method.According to national standard,the number of lateral root,length of rootstock,length of interstock,height of nursery plant,gradient and the number of plump bud in shaping strip of 2-year-old nursery with vigorous rootstock,2-year-old and 3-year-old nursery with dwarfing interstock were determinated.Mean while,the results of indicators’ determination were used to analyse the relative content of the national standard.【Result】 The results reflected that the quality of apple nursery in general in Shaanxi Province is poor.For general nurseries,the ratio of general level and better level of 2-year-old nursery with dwarfing interstock which meets national standard of grade 3 is only 1.1% and 2.8%,making this type of

  5. The impact of brief quality improvement (QI projects by medical students in primary care in Gauteng or the North West Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire van Deventer

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Integrated Primary Care (IPC rotation is undertaken over six weeks by final year medical students at the University of Witwatersrand. Students are placed in either rural or urban primary health care centres based in Gauteng or the North West Province. Aspart of the IPC rotation, students undertake short quality improvement (QI projects. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of the QI projects undertaken over the period stretching from 2006 to 2010.Methods: An observational study of QI reports done by students. Project reports assessed and compared to site marks, indicators of learning assessed and individual and group marks compared.Results: Of 274 projects undertaken, 223 (81.4% were available for evaluation. Geographical placements and QI themes were categorised. Management issues were most frequently identified as being problematic followed by chronic illnesses. Understanding and applying the principles of QI was partially achieved and gaps were identified for future projects. The most common intervention was training of personnel and design and distribution of posters or pamphlets.Conclusions: Most QI projects were well thought out and relevant to the chosen setting. In the majority of cases, a great deal of effort and creativity went into the process and skills other than clinical skills were employed such as writing, presentation of data in graphs and tables. Integration of theory and practice was achieved only partially.

  6. The impact of brief quality improvement (QI projects by medical students in primary care in Gauteng or the North West Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire van Deventer

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Integrated Primary Care (IPC rotation is undertaken over six weeks by final year medical students at the University of Witwatersrand. Students are placed in either rural or urban primary health care centres based in Gauteng or the North West Province. As part of the IPC rotation, students undertake short quality improvement (QI projects. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of the QI projects undertaken over the period stretching from 2006 to 2010. Methods: An observational study of QI reports done by students. Project reports assessed and compared to site marks, indicators of learning assessed and individual and group marks compared.Results: Of 274 projects undertaken, 223 (81.4% were available for evaluation. Geographical placements and QI themes were categorised. Management issues were most frequently identified as being problematic followed by chronic illnesses. Understanding and applying the principles of QI was partially achieved and gaps were identified for future projects. The most common intervention was training of personnel and design and distribution of posters or pamphlets.Conclusions: Most QI projects were well thought out and relevant to the chosen setting. In the majority of cases, a great deal of effort and creativity went into the process and skills other than clinical skills were employed such as writing, presentation of data in graphs and tables. Integration of theory and practice was achieved only partially.

  7. Effect of dietary sodium nitrate consumption on egg production, egg quality characteristics and some blood indices in native hens of west azarbaijan province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safary, H; Daneshyar, M

    2012-11-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of sodium nitrate consumption on egg quality and quantity, and some blood parameters of native breeder hens of West Azerbaijan province. One hundred native hens were used from wk 25 to 32 of age. These birds were divided into two groups. One group was fed the control diet (CD) but the other fed the same diet supplemented with 4.2 g/kg sodium nitrate (ND). After 2 wks of adaptation, eggs were collected daily and egg mass and egg production were measured weekly for five weeks. To assess the egg quality parameters, two eggs from each replicate pen were collected for three consecutive days each week. At the end of experimental period (wk 32 of age), blood samples of 5 birds per replicate were collected from the wing vein into anticoagulant tubes. Dietary sodium nitrate didn't affect the egg production, shell stiffness, shell thickness and Haugh unit (p>0.05) but it decreased the both egg production and egg mass during the last three weeks (wks 30, 31 and 32) (p0.05). No effect of time or treatment×time were observed for shell stiffness (p>0.05). Over time, shell thickness was decreased while Haugh unit increased (pAST and LDH enzymes were affected by dietary consumption of sodium nitrate at wk 32 of age (p>0.05). Sodium nitrite decreased both the TAC and TC at wk 32 of age (p<0.001). It was concluded that the lower body antioxidant capacity of nitrate fed birds resulted in the lower performance (egg weight, egg production and egg mass).

  8. 江苏省县域城镇化质量的格局演化研究%Study on the Spatial Pattern and Evolution of Urbanization Quality of County in Jiangsu Province From 1990

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾晓波

    2015-01-01

    根据城镇化质量基本内涵,从经济发展、社会发展、居民生活、人口发展、景观环境发展、用地发展等六个方面,构建了县域城镇化质量测度指标体系,并利用主成分分析法,以江苏省49个县(市)为研究单元,对1990年、1997年、2009年和2011年四个时相的城镇化质量水平进行综合评价。结果表明:1990年以来江苏省县域城镇化质量水平逐渐均衡化,但苏南地区县域城镇化质量水平明显高于苏中与苏北地区,南北差距明显。此外,城镇化质量水平在空间分布上呈现以环太湖沿岸为中心渐次向苏中及苏北地区降低的特征。%According to the meaning of urbanization quality,the paper constructs the appraisal index system of urbaniza-tion quality,including economic development quality,social development quality,residential living quality,population de-velopment quality,landscape environment development quality,and land-use development quality.With the method of principal component analysis,the urbanization quality of 49 counties and cities in Jiangsu province in 1990,1997,2009 and 2011 is analyzed.The results are as follows:since 1990,the urbanization quality level of county in Jiangsu province has shown the trend of equalization.However,there’s a comparative difference on urbanization quality among south, middle and north in Jiangsu province,the urbanization quality level of southern Jiangsu is higher obviously than that in middle and northern Jiangsu.Besides,the spatial distribution of urbanization quality level is significant,with the urbani-zation quality level from the Coast of Taihu Lake to middle Jiangsu and northern Jiangsu.

  9. Effects of increased nurses’ workload on quality documentation of patient information at selected Primary Health Care facilities in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhulani C. Shihundla

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Recording of information on multiple documents increases professional nurses’ responsibilities and workload during working hours. There are multiple registers and books at Primary Health Care (PHC facilities in which a patient’s information is to be recorded for different services during a visit to a health professional. Antenatal patients coming for the first visit must be recorded in the following documents: tick register; Prevention of Mother-ToChild Transmission (PMTCT register; consent form for HIV and AIDS testing; HIV Counselling and Testing (HCT register (if tested positive for HIV and AIDS then this must be recorded in the Antiretroviral Therapy (ART wellness register; ART file with an accompanying single file, completion of which is time-consuming; tuberculosis (TB suspects register; blood specimen register; maternity case record book and Basic Antenatal Care (BANC checklist. Nurses forget to record information in some documents which leads to the omission of important data. Omitting information might lead to mismanagement of patients. Some of the documents have incomplete and inaccurate information. As PHC facilities in Vhembe District render twenty four hour services through a call system, the same nurses are expected to resume duty at 07:00 the following morning. They are expected to work effectively and when tired a nurse may record illegible information which may cause problems when the document is retrieved by the next person for continuity of care.Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate and describe the effects of increased nurses’ workload on quality documentation of patient information at PHC facilities in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province.Methods: The study was conducted in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, where the effects of increased nurses’ workload on quality documentation of information is currently experienced. The research design was explorative, descriptive and contextual in

  10. 山西省地方出口煤资源、性质与质量管理%Resource, Property and Quality Management of Export Coal in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国相; 张爱英

    2001-01-01

    The coal resource and properties for export in Shanxi province are analyzed. How to improving the export coal quality and scientific management method for guarantee export coal quality and technical measure are discussed.%在系统介绍山西省地方出口煤资源及性质的基础上,重点阐述了对提高出口煤质量的原则和保证出口煤质的科学管理方法及应采取的一些具体技术措施。

  11. [Effects of different long-term fertilization patterns on Fuji apple yield, quality, and soil fertility on Weibei Dryland, Shaanxi Province of Northwest China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zuo-Ping; Tong, Yan-An; Liu, Fen; Wang, Xiao-Ying

    2013-11-01

    A 7-year (2003-2010) located field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different long-term fertilization patterns on the Fuji apple yield, quality, and soil fertility on the Weibei Dryland, Shaanxi Province of Northwest China. Seven treatments were installed, i. e., no fertilization (CK), inorganic P and K fertilization (PK), inorganic N and K fertilization (NK), inorganic N and P fertilization (NP), inorganic N, P, and K fertilization (NPK), swine manure (M), and half inorganic N, P, and K combined with half swine manure (NPKM). Each treatment had three replications. Fertilization increased the apple yield. The average yield in the 7 years under fertilization was increased by 14.4%-63.8%, as compared to the CK. The average yield decreased in the order of NPKM > NPK > or = M > NP > or = NK > PK > CK. In treatments NPKM, M, and NPK, the fruit sugar/acid (S:A) ratio, vitamin C, soluble solid, and hardness tended to be increased with time, with a smaller yearly fluctuation in treatments NPKM and M. In treatment NPKM, the S:A ratio and vitamin C increased by 30.9% and 17.5%, respectively after five years, as compared to the CK. Long-term rational fertilization increased the soil organic matter (SOC) content in 0-20 cm layer, with the largest increment in treatments NPKM and M (28.8% and 29.3%, respectively). The soil available N, P, and K contents in all layers in treatments NPK, NPKM, and M increased significantly, and the soil available N content in 0-20, 20-40, and 40-60 cm layers in treatment NPK was increased by 22.7%, 37.3%, and 53.4%, respectively. As compared to treatment NPK, the soil available P content in treatment NPKM was increased by 18.7%. In all fertilization treatments, the soil available Pcontent was significantly higher in upper layer than in lower layer.

  12. Investigation of the relationship between drinking water quality based on content of inorganic components and landform classes using fuzzy AHP (case study: south of Firozabad, west of Fars province, Iran)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokarram, Marzieh; Sathyamoorthy, Dinesh

    2016-10-01

    In this study, the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is used to study the relationship between drinking water quality based on content of inorganic components and landform classes in the south of Firozabad, west of Fars province, Iran. For determination of drinking water quality based on content of inorganic components, parameters of calcium (Ca), chlorine (Cl), magnesium (Mg), thorium (TH), sodium (Na), electrical conductivity (EC), sulfate (SO4), and total dissolved solids (TDS) were used. It was found that 8.29 % of the study area has low water quality; 64.01 %, moderate; 23.33 %, high; and 4.38 %, very high. Areas with suitable drinking water quality based on content of inorganic components are located in parts of the south-eastern and south-western parts of the study area. The relationship between landform class and drinking water quality based on content of inorganic components shows that drinking water quality based on content of inorganic components is high in the stream, valleys, upland drainages, and local ridge classes, and low in the plain small and midslope classes. In fact we can predict water quality using extraction of landform classes from a digital elevation model (DEM) by the Topographic Position Index (TPI) method, so that streams, valleys, upland drainages, and local ridge classes have more water quality than the other classes. In the study we determined that without measurement of water sample characteristics, we can determine water quality by landform classes.

  13. Analysis and Evaluation of Aquatic Feeds Quality in Shaanxi Province%陕西地区水产饲料质量分析与评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟雷; 吉红; 张建禄

    2012-01-01

    在陕西省饲料企业和水产养殖场随机抽取19种鲤草鱼饲料样品,对其物理性状和营养成分进行检测,并依据水产饲料行业标准进行分析和评价.检测结果发现:(1)饲料物理性状均符合行业标准;(2)水分检测值均符合标签值和标准值,但偏低;(3)蛋白检测值与标签值的符合率为78.9%,与标准值的符合率为94.7%;(4)粗脂肪检测值均符合标签值,与标准值的符合率为73.7%;(5)粗纤维检测值与标签值的符合率为94.7%,与标准值的符合率73.7%;(6)粗灰分检测值与标签值的符合率为94.7%,与标准值的符合率为94.7%.说明陕西地区水产饲料质量情况基本良好,但仍存在重视蛋白水平、忽视水分和脂肪水平等问题,建议陕西省水产饲料企业重视养分均衡供应,进一步提高饲料质量.%19 common carp and grass carp feed were collected in Shaanxi province. The physical properties and nutrition indices of the samples were tested according to the latest testing standards,and analyzed based on the latest industry standards. The physical properties were in line with the industry standards, all the moisture content detection values conformed with the label values and standard values, but the results showed that the moisture values of partial samples were lower than standard values. Coincidence rate of detection values and label values for protein content was 78. 9%, while that for detection values and standard values was 94. 7%. The coincidence rate of crude fat content for detention values was 100% and 73. 7% for standard values. Likewise,the conincidence rate of detented valves and label values for crude fiber was 94. 7%,that of standard values was 73. 7%;both of which for crude ash was 94. 7%. The results indicate that the aquafeeds in Shaanxi province are qualified, but the problems such as focusing on protein level but ignoring moisture and fat level still exist. It is proposed that the aquafeeds

  14. Analysis of the quality safety and management of aquatic products in Fujian province%浅析福建水产品质量安全风险与管控

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王茵; 钱卓真

    2014-01-01

    水产品在国民经济中占有重要的地位,其质量安全关系着社会经济的稳定发展和人民生活的安定和谐。福建省是海洋渔业大省,各级政府高度重视水产品质量安全管理工作。本文通过分析福建省水产品质量安全在水产品养殖、病害、加工流通环节等方面存在的安全风险,针对性地提出水产品质量安全管理对策和建议,以期为提高福建省水产品的质量安全水平提供参考和帮助。%Aquatic products occupy an important position in national economy, and its quality and safety are critically important to the stable development of social economy and harmonious of people’s life. Fujian prov- ince is one of the largest provinces with abundant fishery resources, and the governments at all levels attach great importance to the work of managing quality and safety of aquatic products. In this paper, countermeas-ures and suggestions on the quality and safety of aquatic products safety management were put forward by ana-lyzing breeding, diseases, pollutants, processing circulation of aquatic products in Fujian province, as well as the security risks. Through the above ways, some useful references and help could be provided to improve the quality and safety of aquatic products in Fujian province.

  15. 浅述江苏省水产品质量安全及监管体系%Brief introduction of aquatic product quality safety and supervision system of Jiangsu province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄鸿兵; 吴光红

    2014-01-01

    本文综述了江苏省的水产品质量安全及监管体系建设现状,介绍了近年来江苏省水产品的产量、产值及产品的特点,及水产品质量安全例行抽检的样品数量、合格率、使用违禁药物情况。从食品安全监管制度、标准体系和检测体系三个角度分析了江苏省在水产品质量安全方面建设进展。另外,从定量检测、定性检测、追溯体系、健康养殖4个方面介绍了江苏省水产品质量安全监测开展的具体工作,展望了中国的水产品质量安全。%Current quality safety situation and supervision system about aquatic product in Jiangsu province were presented in this paper. The output, output value and producing feature of aquatic product in recent years were introduced, and the sampling numbers, passing rate, illicit drugs of aquatic product which were under detection by the government were talked about. It discussed the construction progress of aquatic product quality safety from food safety regulatory regime, standard system and testing system in Jiangsu province. Furthermore, it introduced four kinds of specific work of aquatic product quality safety supervision in Jiangsu province, which was quantitative detection, qualitative detection, tracing system and healthy farming, and looked into the future of aquatic product quality safety in China.

  16. Hydrochemical characteristics and quality assessment of deep groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer of the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Man-Li; Peng, Wei-Hua; Gui, He-Rong

    2016-04-01

    There is little information available about the hydrochemical characteristics of deep groundwater in the Linhuan coal-mining district, Northern Anhui Province, China. In this study, we report information about the physicochemical parameters, major ions, and heavy metals of 17 groundwater samples that were collected from the coal-bearing aquifer. The results show that the concentrations of total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, and potassium and sodium (K(+) + Na(+)) in most of the groundwater samples exceeded the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Chinese National Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB 5749-2006). The groundwater from the coal-bearing aquifer was dominated by the HCO3·Cl-K + Na and HCO3·SO4-K + Na types. Analysis with a Gibbs plot suggested that the major ion chemistry of the groundwater was primarily controlled by weathering of rocks and that the coal-bearing aquifer in the Linhuan coal-mining district was a relatively closed system. K(+) and Na(+) originated from halite and silicate weathering reactions, while Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) originated from the dissolution of calcite, dolomite, and gypsum or anhydrite. Ion exchange reactions also had an influence on the formation of major ions in groundwater. The concentrations of selected heavy metals decreased in the order Mn > Zn > Cr > Cu > Ni > Pb. In general, the heavy metal concentrations were low; however, the Cr, Mn, and Ni concentrations in some of the groundwater samples exceeded the standards outlined by the WHO, the GB 5749-2006, and the Chinese National Standards for Groundwater (GB/T 14848-93). Analysis by various indices (% Na, SAR, and EC), a USSL diagram, and a Wilcox diagram showed that both the salinity and alkalinity of the groundwater were high, such that the groundwater could not be used for irrigating agricultural land without treatment. These results will be significant for water resource exploiting and utilization in

  17. The Univariate and Bivariate Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Quality of Life:A Cross Sectional Study in the Hubei Province-Central China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ommari Baaliy MKANGARA; Chongjian WANG; Hao XIANG; Yihua XU; Shaofa NIE; Li LIU; Saumu Tobbi MWERI; Mustaafa BAPUMIIA; Theresia M KOBELO; Felicia Williams JACKSON

    2009-01-01

    This study is aimed to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) for individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Hubei province-central China by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version).One hundred and thirty six respondents (HIV/AIDS individuals) attending out-patient department of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Chinese CDC) were administered a structured questionnaire developed by investigators.QOL was evaluated by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version).The resuits showed that the mean score of overall QOL on a scale of 0-100 was 25.8.The mean scores in 4 domains of QOL on a scale of 0-100 were 82.9 (social domain),27.5 (psychological domain),17.7 (physical domain) and 11.65 (environmental domain).The significant difference of QOL was noted in the score of physical domain between asymptomatic (14.6) and early symptomatic individuals (12) (P=0.014),and between patients with early symptoms (12) and those with AIDS (10.43) (P<0.001).QOL in psychological domain was significantly lower in early symptomatic (12.1) (P<0.05) and AIDS patients (12.4) (P<0.006) than in asymptomatic individuals (14.2).The difference in QOL scores in the psychological domain was significant with respect to the income of patients (P<0.048) and educational status (P<0.037).Significantly better QOL scores in the physical domain (P<0.040) and environmental domain (P<0.017) were noted with respect to the occupation of the patients.Patients with family support had better QOL scores in environmental domain.In our research,QOL for HIV/AIDS individuals was associated with education,occupation,income,family support and clinical categories of the patients.It was concluded that WHOQOL-BREF Chinese version was successfully used in the evaluation of QOL of HIV/AIDS individuals in Chinese population and proved to be a reliable and useful tool.

  18. 河南省医疗卫生机构专业人员业务素质分析%Analysis of the quality of medical personnel in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱英; 田庆丰; 朱伟

    2001-01-01

    目的:分析河南省医疗卫生机构专业人员的文化与专业素质。方法:采用分层整群抽样,调查河南省6个市(地),12个县5657名卫生人员。结果:从事医疗保健的工作人员中有13.38%为无学历人员,有72.79%无学历人员晋升了不同职称。无学历人员中有59.07%通过招工和顶替接班途径进入卫生系统。结论:河南省县及县以上卫生机构专业人员的素质偏低。%To analyze the quality of medical personnel in Henan Province.Methods: By stratified and cluster sam-pling, we investigated the medical personnel in 12 counties and 6 cities in Henan Province in 1995. Their education and profes-sional levels had been analyzed. Results: The medical pensonnel without formal schooling record accounted for 13.38%, amongwhom, 72.79% had different titles of professional posts and 59.07% went into medical system by enrolling or successing. Con-clusion: The quality of medical personnel in counties and superior areas is low.

  19. 土地利用变化对水城盆地岩溶水水质的影响%The influence of land use change on karst water quality of Shuicheng Basin in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾亚男; 袁道先

    2004-01-01

    The influence of land use and land cover on ecological environment is a focus of global change research. The paper chooses an industrial city-Shuicheng in Guizhou Province-as a study area because the karst water quality around the city is deteriorating with land use and land cover change.The natural susceptibility of karst water system is an important factor leading to karst water pollution.But land use and land cover change is also a main factor according to the chemical analysis of karst water quality and land use change. So it is a good way to protect karst water through rational planning and managing of land use and land cover.

  20. Effect of Revised "Ambient Air Quality Standards" on Assessing Results of the Ambient Air Quality in the Cities of Sichuan Province%修订《环境空气质量标准》对四川省城市环境空气质量评价结果的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全利; 余恒; 王晓波

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, according to the monitoring data of ambient air quality in provincially administered municipalities during the "llth Five Year Plan", and based on the comparison of difference between the new Ambient Air Quality Standards and the old, the effects of revised "Ambient Air Quality Standards" on assessing results of the ambient air quality in the cities of Sichuan province were analyzed.%根据“十一五”期间和2011年四川省省控城市环境空气质量监测数据,在比较新、旧环境空气质量标准不同的基础上,本文分析了修订后的《环境空气质量标准》对四川省城市环境空气质量评价结果的影响。

  1. 甘肃省女性公务员生活质量及影响因素分析%Analyse the Female Civil Servants’ Quality of Life and Related Factors of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马秀云; 刘建斌; 张兰; 朱秀杰

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨甘肃省女性公务员的生活质量及其影响因素。方法:选用生活质量综合评定问卷(GQOLI-74)量表为调查工具,收集整理214份有效调查数据,用SPSS软件对数据进行分析。结果:女性公务员客观生活质量要优于主观满意度,生活质量总体评价比较满意;50岁以上者生活质量的客观评分最低,差异有统计学意义(P0.05);省会城市兰州地区的生活质量明显低于其余3个地级市,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).Quality of life of female civil servants in Lanzhou,the capital city of Gansu province,was significantly lower than the other three prefecture-level cities,the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Quality of life of female civil servants of Gansu Province were well,but attentions should be paid to qualities of life of elders and who with higher education and who worked in the economic developed areas.

  2. 关于提升甘肃省劳动力质量的路径选择研究%Research on Choosing Approaches to Improve the Labor Force Quality of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志增

    2015-01-01

    文章将资本、劳动和能源作为投入要素,通过构建反映劳动力质量的柯布-道格拉斯生产函数,对甘肃省劳动力质量与经济增长的关系进行分析,并采用岭回归方法剔除多重共线性的影响,根据回归结果确定不同受教育层次的劳动力对甘肃经济增长的影响。以此为依据,提出落实“九年义务教育”,缩小地区间差距,按岗位设置专业,以及创造人才引进环境等建议,为通过提升劳动力质量,促进甘肃经济增长的路径选择提供参考。%By assigning capital,labor and energy as the input factors and creating the Cobb-Douglas pro-duction function reflecting the labor force quality, the thesis analyzes the relationship between labor force quality and the economic growth of Gansu province.Meanwhile,adopting the ridge regression to eliminate the impact of multicollinearity,the thesis draws the conclusion that the economic growth of Gansu province is influenced by labor force of different education levels according to the result of regression.Accordingly,the thesis puts forward proposals like implementing the nine-year compulsory education, bridging the economic gap between different regions,and setting up majors according to job requirement and creating good environ-ment for introducing talents.In conclusion,the thesis aimed at providing references for choosing approaches to promote the economic growth of Gansu province by improving the labor force quality.

  3. 四川省第八届白酒感官质量省评委换届理论试题解析%Analysis of Theory Test for Liquor Sensory Quality Judges of the Eighth Session of Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆文

    2012-01-01

    Sensory evaluation is an important evaluation criterion to evaluate liquor quality. The training and the construction of an excellent liquor sensory quality judge team is of positive significance in advancing health development of liquor-making industry. The selection of liquor judges is an important procedure in the construction of liquor judge team. In this paper, some difficult test questions in theory test for liquor sensory quality judges of the eighth session in Sichuan province were analysed for reference for participants. (Tran. by YUE Yang)%感官品评是判断白酒品质的一个重要标准,培养及组建一支优秀的白酒品评人才队伍对于推动全省乃至全国酿酒工业的发展具有积极意义。在白酒品评队伍的建设中,省白酒评委的选举是重要的一个环节。针对四川省第八届白酒感官质量省评委换届理论考试试题中的一些疑难问题作出解析,供参赛学员及行业同仁们作理论参考。(晓文)

  4. The Effectiveness of Group Mindfulness Training on the Quality of Life among Patients with PTSD Caused by the War in the East Azerbaijan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naimeh Yousefi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: since the quality of family life is critical in multiple dimensions and stress of life both mentally and physically have major effect on humans. Having a partner with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD affects the quality of life and increases the stress among couples. A major problem in this research is that if group mindfulness training can enhance the quality of life among spouses with Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD or not. Methodology: In this study, 15 participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group and 15 participants were in the control group and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire was used to gather the related data. Findings: After 8 sessions the results showed that group mindfulness training techniques increased the quality of life in all its dimensions except social function.

  5. 广东省近岸海域环境质量时空变化与成因分析%The Temporal and Spatial Variation of Coast Waters Environmental Quality of Guangdong Province and Its Cause Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林高松; 黄晓英; 彭小飞

    2009-01-01

    采用改进的标识指数法对广东省近岸海域水质进行了评价与分析.研究结果表明,2002年至2006年,广东省近岸海域水质仍呈现下降趋势,清洁和较清洁海域的比例从82%降至64%,轻度污染海域比例从9%增加至18%,中度污染和严重污染海域比例从9%增加至18%.主要污染因子为无机氮和活性磷酸盐,部分港口海域也受到石油类污染.从空间分布来看,经济发达的珠江三角洲城市近岸海域水质较差,而东部和西部欠发达地区海域水质相对较好.文章对海域污染原因进行了分析,并提出了对策和措施.%Identification Index method based on surface water quality assessment is improved to suit to sea water. This method was applied to water quality assessment of Guangdong Province coast waters from 2002 to 2006. The research's results show that, water quality of Guangdong Province coast has deteriorated in recent years. The ratio of clean sea areas drops from 82% to 64%, and the ratio of slightly-polluted sea areas raises from 9% to 18%. As the same, the ratio of severely contaminated sea areas rises from 9% to 18%. The main pollutants are inorganic nitrogen and active phosphate, and some harbors are contaminated by oil. The coast waters of relatively developed cities,the Pearl River Delta,is unclean. However, water quality of the coast in eastern and western developing cities is much better. The reasons of marine pollution are analyzed and strategies and measures are brought forward in this paper.

  6. The hydrogeologic framework and a reconnaissance of ground-water quality in the Piedmont Province of North Carolina, with a design for future study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harned, Douglas

    1989-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey is investigating the relation of ground- water quality and land use in the regolith and fractured rock ground-water system of the North Carolina Piedmont. The initial phase of this study provides a description of the ground-water flow system and a review of available ground-water data and formulates hypotheses that guide the design of a water-quality monitoring network for study of selected areas. In the Piedmont, the solid igneous and metamorphic bedrock grades upward into unweathered fractured rock that is covered by a transition zone of highly-fractured, partially weathered rock, clay-rich saprolite, and the soil. The fractured bedrock, transition zone, saprolite, and soil make up a complex flow system. A review of available ground-water quality data shows a lack of information about organic compounds and trace metals and changes in ground- water quality with depth. Land use, soils, and geology significantly influence ground-water quality. The hypotheses that need to be tested in the next study phase are: (1) that ground-water contamination can be related to land use, and (2) that the transition zone between bedrock and regolith serves as a primary transmitter of contaminants. Monitoring of basins containing industrial, urban, residential, and agricultural land uses in future studies will help define the relation of ground-water quality to land use. Water quality at different depths in the flow system and in streams during base flow needs to be identified.

  7. 青海农村学校饮水与环境卫生现状%Survey on drinking water quality and latrine sanitation of rural schools in Qinghai province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉洁; 姬红蓉; 郭学斌; 符春晓; 郭晚花

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解青海省农村学校饮用水与厕所卫生状况,探索农村学校改水改厕对策和方法.方法 按“青海省农村学校水与环境卫生现状调查方案”的要求,对青海省6个县的60所学校和1 872名学生进行调查.结果 76.7%的学校采用集中式供水,23.3%的学校为独立供水,50.0%的学校饮用水不合格;学生饮水33.0%从家中自带,33.1%由学校提供,14.5%喝生水.93.3%的学校厕所为旱厕,40.0%的学校没有教师专用厕所,78.3%的厕所没有可使用的洗手设施,63.3%的厕所粪池无盖;厕所粪便63.3%用土掩埋,3.3%排入下水道,1.7%直接排入河塘.结论 青海省农村学校饮用水和厕所均存在卫生安全隐患.需加大农村学校尤其是半农半牧区学校的改水改厕工作力度,加强学生健康教育工作.%Objective To understand status of drinking water quality and latrine sanitation of rural school in Qinghai province, in order to explore the strategies for improving drinking water quality and latrine sanitation. Methods The whole survey was conducted according to " Surveyscheme on status of drinking water quality and latrine sanitation of rural school in Qinghai province" . The investigation was carried out in 60 schoolsfrom 6 counties, and questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 872 students. Results The percentage of schools served by centralized water supply and decentralized water supply were 76.7% and 23. 3% , respectively. About 50% water samples did not meet " standards for drinking water quality" . The students that used water supplied by home and school were 33. 0% and 33. 1% . About 14. 5% students drank raw water. About 93. 3% latrines were equipped without flush toilet; 40% schools did not build latrine for teachers exclusively; 78. 3% latrines were not equipped with hand-washing facilities; 63. 3% latrine's cesspools did not have covers; 63. 3% latrines covered excrement with soil; 3.3% and 1.7% latrines

  8. Quality Agenda

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Following damaging criticism of Chinese products abroad the government has been pushing to improve quality through a national campaign On November 29,over 100 pharma- ceutical companies,food compa- nies,supermarkets and drug stores in 11 cities of southern Guangdong Province were inspected on the safety of their products. It was the third food and drug safety inspection organized by the Central Govem- ment this year.An inspection team visited Zhejiang Province in September and Shandong in October.Members of the inspection team included officials in quality inspection,quarantine,commerce and envi-

  9. Nerve biopsy: indications and contribution to the diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy. The experience of the Born Bunge Foundation University of Antwerp and University of Liege between 1987 and 1997.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deprez, M; Ceuterick-de Groote, C; Schoenen, J; Reznik, M; Martin, J J

    2000-09-01

    We reviewed 355 nerve biopsies analysed at the Laboratories of Neuropathology of the Born-Bunge Foundation/University of Antwerp (BBF/UIA) and University of Liège (ULg) between 1987 and 1997. We examined the indications for nerve biopsy, the yield of the procedure, and the influence of clinical and neuropathological parameters. Contributory biopsies accounted for 35.5% and 47.3% respectively at ULg and BBF/UIA laboratories: of these, one third showed specific histological findings, the majority being informative only when combined with the relevant clinical data. The profile of indications for nerve biopsy was roughly comparable in both laboratories. The search for an inflammatory neuropathy prompted 35-40% of all biopsies with more than 50% of specimens being informative in this indication. The lowest yield (20%) was obtained among the nerve biopsies performed in the absence of any presumptive aetiology. These accounted for 22-33% of all cases. Inadequate surgical resection, delays in transport or processing errors precluded histological study of 4% (BBF/UIA) to 8% (ULg) of the specimens. We conclude that nerve biopsies should be performed by experienced surgeons and handled in specialised laboratories. Only a relatively small number of causes of neuropathy can be diagnosed on the basis of histology alone. More often, contributory biopsies will result from the combination of non-specific suggestive histological features with relevant clinical information. The diagnostic yield of nerve biopsy is function of careful patient selection and close collaboration between the clinician and the neuropathologist.

  10. Influencing factors of the adult males'semen quality in Henan province%河南省育龄男性精液质量影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉山; 王全先; 冯晓霞; 武文斌; 潘周辉; 杨险峰; 孙琳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influencing factors on the semen quality of adult males in Henan province, provide advices about the healthy lifestyle to adult males and improve the reproductive ability of adult males. Methods Questionnaire, physical examination, semen physical parameters analysis by manual method and semen motion parameters analysis by computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA) were used to investigate the semen quality of 4052 adult male volunteers from Henan province. The sperm parameters between two groups according to the habit and behavior such as smoking, excessive drinking and sauna bath, special occupation such as welder, painter and decorator were analyzed statistically. Results There were statistically decreasing of sperm concentration, motility and the percentage of normal morphology sperm in adult males with smoking, excessive drinking, sauna bath and with special occupation such as welder, painter and decorator and so on (P<0.05). Conclusion The decreasing of semen quality in Henan province were mainly associated with bad habit and behavior such as smoking, excessive drinking and sauna bath, special occupation such as welder, painter and decorator.%目的 探讨影响河南省育龄男性精液质量的因素,指导男性群体健康的生活方式,提高育龄男性的生育能力.方法 对来自河南省4052例育龄男性志愿者的精液标本采用手工方法进行物理指标相关参数检测,采用计算机辅助精液分析系统(CASA)进行精子密度和精子运动指标的参数分析.将育龄男性按是否吸烟、饮酒,是否有桑拿浴习惯以及按特殊职业如电焊作业、装饰油漆作业分组,进行组间精液各项参数对比.结果 吸烟、饮酒、桑拿浴,以及特殊职业如电焊作业、装饰油漆作业组均显示出精子密度和活力及正常形态精子百分率下降,差异具统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 不良的生活习惯如吸烟、酗酒、桑拿浴以及特殊职业如电焊作

  11. 江苏省农村基层卫生人员职业素质现状及原因分析%Analysis the occupation quality status of grassroots health workers in rural area of Jiangsu province and its reasons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾庆琪; 朱吉鸽; 邢春国; 段沁江; 朱金兰; 王宁; 范群; 王正值; 柯世怀; 魏延

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解江苏省农村基层医疗工作人员职业素质现状,发现存在的问题并提出对策建议.方法:对全省所有农村基层卫生技术人员进行量表调查.将调查信息建立数据库,应用SPSS 19.0统计分析,统计信息主要包括人员年龄、学历水平及执业资格、在职培训等内容.结果:江苏省农村基层医疗工作人员职业素质现状不容乐观,可能与农村基层卫生工作环境较差,农村基层卫生工作人员工资水平较低,工作中存在一定的职业风险,保障差,受教育机会和程度不高等有关.结论:改善农村医疗环境,给予比较合理的医疗保障,同时依靠社会信息化的力量,提高现有的农村基层医疗工作人员的业务水平和职业素质,是提高农村基层医疗水平的有效途径.%Objective:To acquaintance the occupation quality status of grassroots health workers in rural area of Jiangsu province, to find out the existing problems and put forward countermeasures and suggestions.Methods:To investigate all the province's rural health technical personnel by using scale.Establishment of the database for survey information,application of SPSS 19.0 statistics analysis methods,statistical information including age,education level and qualification,in-service training content.Results:The current situation of occupation quality of grassroots health workers in rural area of Jiangsu province was not optimistic,and the rural health work environment may be poor, health work in rural grassroots personnel salary level was low,the existence of occupation risk,which may be related with worse security,lower education opportunities and degree.Conclusion:The effective way to improve the level of rural basic medical is to improve the medical environment,give reasonable medical security,meanwhile,rely on social power of information technology,and improve the business level and occupation quality of rural grass-roots medical staff on-the-job.

  12. Study on the sleep quality and its inlfuencing factors of rural left-behind elderly in Hunan province%湖南省农村留守老年人睡眠状况及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周俊; 谢丽琴; 陈晓岗

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解湖南省农村留守老人的睡眠质量及其影响因素。方法:采用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)量表及一般情况调查表等对566名湖南农村留守老年人进行调查。结果:湖南省农村留守老年人睡眠质量总平均分为(7.50±3.81)分,睡眠质量差者占42.1%。女性、近2周患病、低生活能力为农村留守老人睡眠质量的危险因素;男性、子女返乡天数、高社会支持为农村留守老人睡眠质量的保护因素。结论:湖南省农村留守老年人睡眠质量较差,受生理及心理社会等多重因素的影响,应采取多种方式对农村留守老人进行干预,以提高睡眠质量。%Objective:To explore the sleep quality and its inlfuencing factors of rural left-behind elderly in Hunan province. Methods:To investigate the sleep quality and it's inlfuencing factors of the 566 rural left-behind elderly with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and demographics. Results:The average score of PSQI of the 566 rural left-behind elderly was 7.50±3.81, 42.1%elderlys had bad sleep quality. Female, illness within two weeks, and poor ADL skills are the main risk factors,while strong social support and children return are the positive factors. Conclusion:The overall sleep quality of rural left-behind elderly is poor and can be affected by social-psychological and physical factors. Various means should be taken to improve the overall sleep quality among the elderly.

  13. 海南省黎族地区老年人生存质量影响因素分析%Survey on quality of life of elder living In LI ethnic regions of Hainan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉梅; 吴玲; 王基鸿; 方桂红; 王小丹

    2009-01-01

    Objective To study the quality of life and its influence factors in the elderly linving in Li ethnic regions of Halnan province. Methods Overall 2 208 elders aged over 60 were randomly selected with multi-stage sampling in five Li ethnic regions of Hainan. SF-36 quality of life questionnaire was administrated in the elders. Multivariate analysis of vari-ance, Chi-square test and multiple linear regression were used in the analysis. Results The prevalence of chronic diseases in the subjects was 53. 35% (47.43% in male and 59. 33% in female). The scores of PF, RP, BP, GH, VT and MH dimensionality were all significantly higher in urban elders than those of rural elders (P 0. 005). Results of multiple linear re-gression showed that factors influencing the quality of life of the elders included the history of chronic disease ,physical exer-cise, living status of their children, age,income per capita. The quality of life of the elders with history of chronic disease was significantly lower than those without history of chronic disease. The scores decreased with age in all dimensions. Higher scores were observed in the elders with more physical exercise, with children under better living status and higher income per capita. Conclusion The quality of life of the urban elders living in Li ethnic regions of Hainan province is better than that of elders in rural area. The major determinants of quality of life for the elders are physical exercise,history of chromic dis-ease, living status of their children.%目的 了解海南省黎族地区老年人生存质量现状及影响因素.方法 采用多阶段抽样的方法,随机抽取海南省黎族地区5个市县城乡60岁~老年人2 208人;采用生存质量(SF-36)量表对其生存质量进行测量,用多变量方差分析、χ2检验及多重线性回归进行分析.结果 海南省黎族地区老年人慢性病患病率为53.35%,男性47.43%,低于女性的59.33%.城市老年人生理功能(PF)、

  14. Dynamic analysis on Physical function and quality of middle school students in Fujian provincE%福建省中学生身体机能、素质的动态分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄田

    2012-01-01

    本文采用文献法,数理统计法,以2005、2010年福建省中学生体质调研的机能、素质测试统计数据为依据,与2000年测试结果进行对比分析与研究,结果表明:福建省乡村中学生肺活量,城乡中学生50米跑,城男、乡男立定跳远,城乡中学生耐力跑总体水平提高,但城市总学生肺活量,城女、乡女立定跳远,城乡中学生耐力素质有所下降,对此,我们应该完善相关体育法规保障学生体育锻炼的权利,提高学生锻炼的自主性,培养体育锻炼的习惯等,从而提高学生的体质与健康。%This paper adopts literature method, mathematical statistics, 2005 students in Fujian province of physi- cal investigation quality testing based on statistical data, and 2000 years of testing in the study and research, and the results show that: Fujian province rural middle school students lung capacity, urban ai..d rural middle school students 50 m run, city male, township male the standing long jump, urban and rural middle school students im- prove the overall level of endurance running, but the city's total students lung capacity, ~ity female, township women standing long, urban and rural middle school students endurance quality has droppe.:t, to this, we should perfect the relevant sports laws safeguard the rights of student sports exercise, to improve the students'exercise of autonomy, cultivate the habit of physical exercise, in order to improve the students'constitution and health.

  15. Continuous Quality Improvement Oriented Organization Design of Quality Management in Hospital: Zhejiang Province as An Example%基于持续改进的医院质量管理组织设计:以浙江省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊晶晶

    2012-01-01

    The study firstly analyzed the current situation of quality structure in three - level comprehensive hospitals and summarized experiences in the construction of quality structure in hospitals based on JCI standard system, ISO9000, six-sigma management model, Performance Excellence Model, Quality Control Circle, and so on. Secondly, it put forward a continuous quality improvement oriented organization design of quality management according to different quality activities. Finally, it described the structural framework of the organization design: Control - oriented quality activities mainly relied on existing three -level control system but must strengthen the function of senior leadership, quality department and quality management in clinical, administration and medical technology sections. Meanwhile, creative - oriented quality activities depended on the building and operation of cross - function teams to implement the goal of continuous quality improvement.%针对浙江省三级综合性医院质量管理组织设置现状,结合JCI、六西格玛、ISO9000、卓越绩效模式、Qc小组等质量管理组织建设经验,根据医院质量管理活动的不同特性,提出了基于持续改进的质量管理组织设计模型.指出:控制型质量活动依托常规的三级质控体系,从高层领导、质量专职部门、科室层面的质量管理3方面,强化了原有质量组织的职能与作用;创造型质量活动则借助跨职能团队的运作,到达持续质量改进的目的.

  16. 四川省直属托幼机构消毒质量监测分析%ANALYSIS THE RESULT OF INVESTIGATION ON THE QUALITY OF DISINFECTION IN NURSERIES AND KINDERGARTENS THAT BELONG TO PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡顺铁; 郁文; 陈剑宇; 吴庆

    2011-01-01

    [目的]通过对托幼机构消毒质量监测结果分析,探索存在的问题,有利于加强消毒管理,提高消毒工作质量,有效预防和控制传染病的发生.[方法]按卫生部《消毒技术规范》的技术要求,依据“四川省幼托机构消毒隔离工作常规”等,子2002-2010年对6所省直托幼机构的室内空气、物体表面、工作人员手等进行连续9年监测.[结果]9年监测结果的总合格率为96.31%,各年合格率星上升趋势.各监测项目中除使用中消毒液的合格率达100%外,其余各监测项目各年度均未完全达到相关标准要求,表明托幼机构消毒质量还需进一步提高.[结论]影响消毒质量的因素很多,但管理是最重要的因素之一.应加强消毒管理工作,认真落实各项消毒制度,开展消毒技术知识培训,提高消毒质量,加强对托幼机构消毒工作的监督监测和技术指导,才能有效预防和控制传染病的发生.%[Objective] It can enhance the management of disinfection, improve the quality of disinfection and sterilization , prevent and control infection diseases effectively by analysing the results of investigation on the quality of disinfection in nurseries and kindergartens and searching the existing problem at the same time. [Methods] Investigated the indoor air, object surface, hands of worker staff of 6 nurseries and kindergartens that belonged to province from 2002 to 2010 continuously according to "Technical Standard For disinfection" and "Work Standard For disinfection and quarantine in nurseries and kindergartens of Sichuan Province" . [Results] The total eligible rate of 9 years investigation was 96.31%, and the rate grew year by year. Except that the rate of effective disinfectant in use was 100%, others were not eligible completely every year. It seemed that the quality of disinfection in nurseries and kindergartens still need to be improved. [Conclusion] Many things can affect the quality of disinfection

  17. 安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量现况调查%Sleep and quality of life among rural elderly in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 董青; 刘娟娟; 董永海; 杨林胜; 叶冬青; 黄芬

    2010-01-01

    Objective The primary purposes of this article were to examine the distributions and correlation between conditions of sleep and the quality of life,so as to explore the risk factors of abnormal sleep among elderly in the rural areas of Anhui province.Methods Elderly who aged 60 years or more (n= 1680) were randomly selected from rural areas in Anhui province.Conditions of sleep and quality of life of the subjects were assessed independently,using the pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQ1) scale and SF-36 scale.A generalized logistic model analysis was performed,using sleep-related factors as explanatory variables.Results The average PSQI score was 7.43 + 4.13.Persons whose sleep conditions were graded as well,common or poor were accounted for 29.4%,24.3%,46.3%,respectively.Sex and sleep quality were different in terms of quality of life among all the factors (P<0.05).Men had better quality than women,and poor sleepers had poorer quality of life as compared to the one with better conditions.Factors as being married/living alone/economically independent,having better social function,often eating meat or wheat were significant predictors for having good sleep conditions.However,factors as better education received,living alone,with poor vitality/general health,having chronic diseases (back pain,coronary heart or stomach disease),less meat intake,rice as major foods etc.were predictors for poorer sleeping condition.Conclusion Our data showed that it was unsatisfactory on the quality of sleep among the rural elderly in Anhui province.Conditions on general,health and nutrition should be improved in order to prevent the poor sleep condition.%目的 了解安徽省农村老年人睡眠与生活质量的现状及两者的相关性,并探索睡眠异常的影响因素.方法 分别应用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表、SF-36量表评价安徽省农村老年人的睡眠状况和生活质量.采用广义logistic回归分析模型筛选睡眠的影响因素.结果 睡眠

  18. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study is based on an ethnobotanical research project conducted in Hormozgan province that is located in south of Iran, bordering waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. This survey was carried out in order to recover the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge of the residents of this province. They are using medicinal and functional plants for treating or preventing several diseases. Materials and Methods: Ethnobotanical data sheets were run with the native inhabitants and people of the province by arranging frequent field trips to different parts of the province and direct interviews with them especially those who were more familiar with the plants and their usage.Results: A total of 150 plant species belonging to 53 families were recorded for their ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal uses among the people of province. The records were developed by scientific names, family names, local names, medicinal parts used, different ways of their application, and traditional uses of the plants. There was high compliance in the use of plants in painful disorders, gastrointestinal, and dermatological diseases.Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life. Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  19. Development of a high-resolution emission inventory and its evaluation and application through air quality modeling for Jiangsu Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yaduan; Zhao, Yu; Mao, Pan; Zhang, Qiang; Zhang, Jie; Qiu, Liping; Yang, Yang

    2017-01-01

    Improved emission inventories combining detailed source information are crucial for better understanding of the atmospheric chemistry and effectively making emission control policies using air quality simulation, particularly at regional or local scales. With the downscaled inventories directly applied, chemical transport models might not be able to reproduce the authentic evolution of atmospheric pollution processes at small spatial scales. Using the bottom-up approach, a high-resolution emission inventory was developed for Jiangsu China, including SO2, NOx, CO, NH3, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), total suspended particulates (TSP), PM10, PM2.5, black carbon (BC), organic carbon (OC), and CO2. The key parameters relevant to emission estimation for over 6000 industrial sources were investigated, compiled, and revised at plant level based on various data sources and on-site surveys. As a result, the emission fractions of point sources were significantly elevated for most species. The improvement of this provincial inventory was evaluated through comparisons with other inventories at larger spatial scales, using satellite observation and air quality modeling. Compared to the downscaled Multi-resolution Emission Inventory for China (MEIC), the spatial distribution of NOx emissions in our provincial inventory was more consistent with summer tropospheric NO2 VCDs observed from OMI, particularly for the grids with moderate emission levels, implying the improved emission estimation for small and medium industrial plants by this work. Three inventories (national, regional, and provincial by this work) were applied in the Models-3 Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) system for southern Jiangsu October 2012, to evaluate the model performances with different emission inputs. The best agreement between available ground observation and simulation was found when the provincial inventory was applied, indicated by the smallest normalized mean bias (NMB) and normalized

  20. 浙江独立学院毕业设计(论文)质量分析及对策%Quality Analysis on Thesis and Countermeasures of the Independent Colleges in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文宏

    2011-01-01

    通过对浙江省2008、2009和2010届普通高校毕业设计(论文)抽查结果的数据分析,揭示独立学院毕业设计(论文)质量的总体情况及存在的主要问题,并对其进行归因分析,最后提出:加强规范化管理、创新管理和指导模式、加强质量监控等保证毕业设计(论文)质量的建议。%This paper aims at revealing the major issues and problems of graduates’ thesis in the independent colleges through analyzing the sampled thesis of 2008,2009 and 2010 sessions in Zhejiang Province.Based on the causal analysis,it suggests enhancing standardized management,innovating management and tutoring models,and reinforcing the process control to ensure the quality of thesis.

  1. Effects of Cowpea Storage and Transportation Methods on Cowpea Quality in Hainan Province%海南省豇豆储运包装方法对豇豆采后商品品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翔; 邢增通; 许彦; 许如意

    2011-01-01

    The physiological indexes of cowpea were determined for 7 days through simulation of the cowpea storage and transportation in Hainan Province.Comparison was made of the indexes with those of the non-treated groups.The results showed that the sensory quality,weight losing rate,rust index,fiber content in the cold-treated group were obviously better than the control group.The rotting rates in both groups were not quite different.The chlorophyll content in the treated group was lower than the control group.%通过模拟海南省实际生产中豇豆贮运方法,动态测定豇豆7 d内生理指标的变化,并与未处理组进行对比。结果表明:在感官品质、失重率、锈斑指数、纤维素含量等方面冰冻处理组要明显优于对照组,两组腐烂率变化相差不多,处理组叶绿素的含量要低于对照组。

  2. Relationship between Leisure Economic Development and Quality of Urbanization in Chinese Provinces during a Transitional Period%转型期中国省域休闲经济发展水平与城镇化质量关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张广海; 刘金宏

    2014-01-01

    运用空间计量经济学方法,以中国31个省(市、自治区)为研究单元,对经济社会转型时期,中国省域休闲经济发展水平与城镇化质量关系进行理论分析与实证研究。结果表明,中国各省级区域休闲经济发展伴随较为明显的空间集聚过程,城镇化质量存在显著的空间正相关性,并呈现局域集群趋势;休闲经济发展各影响因素对省域城镇化质量提高具有显著的正向作用,且各因素影响系数存在差异性;此外,邻近省域休闲经济发展对城镇化质量的提高表现为较强的空间溢出效应与关联效应,并且其空间异质性特征明显。因此,应结合中国当前不同地区休闲经济发展现状以及经济社会发展情况,考虑空间作用机制,提出多样化的休闲经济发展模式,合理、有效推动城镇化以质量为导向健康发展。%Using spatial econometrics model,the paper analyzes theoretically and researches empirically the relationship between the level of leisure economic development and the quality of urbanization based on spatial samples of China’s 31 provinces during a transitional period of our economic society.The research shows thatthe development of leisure economy in Chinese provinces has been accompanied by the process of more obvious spatial agglomeration,and the quality of urbanization has the significant and positive spatial correlation presenting the trend of local cluster.Meanwhile,the influential factors of the development of leis-ure economy have significant and positive impact on the improvement of urbanization’ s quality,and various factors coefficient are different.Besides,the development of leisure economy of the surrounding provincial re-gion impacts the improvement of urbanization's quality with remarkable spatial spillover and associated effects, but its spatial heterogeneity is obvious.So,the government should integrate present situation of leisure eco

  3. 渭河陕西段水环境质量评价%Evaluation of Water Environmental Quality of the Weihe River in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平; 向太吉; 侯淑敏; 王丰; 问思恩; 任惠丽

    2015-01-01

    应用改进的模糊层次分析法对渭河干流陕西段2014年各监测点5个指标进行水污染程度权重和隶属度综合分析,结果显示,渭河陕西段DO达到Ⅱ类水质标准,CODMn为Ⅲ类水质标准,NH3-N达到I类水质标准,TP和TN均为Ⅴ类水质.评价单因子污染指数由大到小分别为TN>TP>CODMn>DO>NH3-N.权重分析显示:总磷(TP)和总氮(TN)的权重均在40%以上,对水质的影响程度最大.分析表明:通过长期以来对渭河陕西段水质污染的防治,水体环境有了明显改善,对比2002年数据,综合污染指数下降了79.1%,氨氮、DO和CODMn均在Ⅲ类水质标准以内,尤其是CODMn和NH3-N对比2010年数据,下降幅度分别达到85.1%和95.6%,总磷和总氮浓度远远低于往年.%The five indexes of each monitoring point inShaanxi section of the Weihe River in 2014 were analyzed by the com⁃prehensive analysis of the water pollution degree of weight and membership degree with the application of the improved fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. The result showed that the DO in Shaanxi section of the Weihe River were within class II of water quality stand⁃ards, the CODMn was within class III and the NH3-N was within class I, TN and TP were class V of water quality. The evaluation of single factor pollution index from small to large order was, respectively, TN, TP, CODMn, DO, NH3-N. Weight analysis showed that the total phosphorus (TP) and total nitrogen (TN) weights were all over 40%, which had the largest degree of impact on water quality. Analysis showed that the aquatic environment had improved significantly though the long-term prevention and treatment ai⁃ming at water pollution in Shaanxi section of the Weihe River in 2014, compared with the data of 2002, comprehensive pollution in⁃dex fell by 79.1%, the ammonia nitrogen, DO and CODMn were within class III of water quality standard, especially CODMn and NH

  4. Comparison and Analysis on Quality of Local Jujube of Anhui Province%安徽地方优质枣品质性状比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞飞飞; 孙其宝; 陆丽娟

    2009-01-01

    [目的] 为促进安徽省不同地区枣产业发展.[方法] 采用常规分析方法,对安徽地方5个不同品种(或优株)的枣进行了感官品质和营养成分分析.[结果] 皖枣1号的感官品质最好,繁昌长枣的Vc含量和可溶性固形物含量最高,分别为381.01 mg/100 gFW、29.6%,泗枣1号的可滴定酸含量最高,达0.409%.[结论] 皖枣1号是最适合在安徽地区发展的优质鲜食枣.%[Objective] In order to promote the development of jujube in different regions of Anhui.[Method] The sensory quality and nutritional components of local 5 different varietis in Anhui were analyzed by using normal analysis method.[Result] The results showed that the sensory quality of the Wanzao NO.1 was the best, the content of Vc and soluble solid of Fanchangchangzao were highest, which respectively 381.01 mg/100 gFW, 29.6%.The content of organic acid of SizaoNO.1 was highest, which reached 0.409%.[Conclusion] From comprehensive comparison ,WanzaoNO.1 was the most suitable fresh edible jujube in Anhui.

  5. 皖南旅游区乡村人居环境质量评价及影响分析%Evaluation of rural human settlement quality difference and its driving factors in tourism area of southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兴柱; 王群

    2013-01-01

    .By choosing the infrastructure,public service facilities,energy consumption structure,living conditions,and environmental sanitation as the evaluation factors,this study built an evaluation index system of the rural human settlement quality.Then,this paper presented an empirical analysis of rural human settlements in tourism area of southern Anhui Province,with the method of factor analysis,entropy method,and canonical correlation.Results show that the overall score of the quality presents "dual-core structure,the rise of central region and the collapse of the periphery" phenomenon.The infrastructure has the pattern of "triple-core structure and more dense than the south".The higher level spatial units are mainly located in Tunxi District,Qingyang County and northem part of the province.The public service facilities have the pattem of "dual-core structure".The mononuclear structure of energy consumption structure and living conditions were concentrated in Tunxi District.However,the core of environmental sanitation is mainly concentrated in Shexian and Ningguo counties.Meanwhile,a variety of influencing factors interact to determine quality of rural human settlements.The paper focused on natural environment,socio-economic development,tourism development,and regional culture.Based on the differences between their effective way and degree to quality of rural human settlements,these influencing factors are classified into positive and negative factors.Climatic conditions,poverty level and spatial distance have direct negative impact on quality of rural human settlements,while the remaining factors have direct positive impact.Natural environment and regional culture play a relatively stable role in rural human settlements evolution.Tourism development is a key driving force to generate the rural human settlement quality difference.Tourism development factors including the level of tourism economy,the endowment of tourism resources,tourism services and facilities,and tourism

  6. The research on collage students,physical quality situation of HeNan province%河南省高校学生身体素质现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志军; 肖丰

    2014-01-01

    The use of literature ,consulting interviews ,and other methods of mathematical statistics in 5 universities in Henan province school freshman ,two big2980 students physique test result is studied ,the results showed :the whole college students’ Constitution in Henan province is in good condition ,the boys than girls ;height and weight ,in addition to schoolboy height than 2010 age value ,its more than are low in 2010 age value;spirometry girls better than boys ;lower limb explosive force and the speed and endurance index of indicators are in the na-tional level but little advantage ;bench test results is relatively high ;pull up to sit-up performance .Recommendations :to increase health knowledge lectures ,promote the reform of college physical education ,improve the detection personnel quality and adjusting the same measure-ment in small ,poor compatibility between the project .%运用文献资料、咨询访谈、实验法、数理统计等方法,对河南省5所高校在校生(2010级、2011级)共2980名大学生身体素质测试结果进行研究。结果显示:整体上河南省高校学生身体素质处于良好状态,男生优于女生;身高体重方面,除男生身高优于2010年同龄值,其余均偏低于2010年同龄值;肺活量女生优于男生;下肢爆发力和速度指标及耐力指标均处于全国水平之上但优势不大;台阶试验成绩相对较高;引体向上成绩不及仰卧起坐成绩。建议:增加健康知识讲座、推进高校体育教学改革、提高检测人员素质以及调整同一选测项中相关性小、兼容性差的项目。

  7. The formation of gem-quality zircon in areas of alkali-basaltoid volcanism of Muling City, Heilongjiang Province%黑龙江穆棱地区宝石级错石成因探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾昊; 陈涛; 张丽娟; 孙建勋

    2011-01-01

    利用基本的宝石学方法、紫外可见光分光光度计、红外光谱仪、激光拉曼探针和激光剥蚀等离子质谱技术(LA-ICP-MS)分析了黑龙江穆棱玄武岩风化冲积物中宝石级锆石的宝石学性质、谱学特征、包裹体特征、微量元素组成及U-Pb年龄.宝石学性质表明锆石为优质的、可直接加工利用的宝石原料;谱学特征显示锆石为未经历后期改造的高型岩浆锆石,且含有磷灰石、锆石和赤铁矿包裹体;LA-ICP-MS分析表明锆石具有明显的Ce正异常,富集重稀土元素[(Yb/Sm)N=21~63)]和HFSE元素,Th/U均大于1(1个数据例外);ΣREE较高,含量在1765 × 10-6~2 374 × 10-6,与基性锆石相似;明显的Ce异常和赤铁矿包裹体说明锆石形成于氧化环境;根据Ti-in-Zircon地质温度计计算,锆石结晶的最低温度为646~737℃;U-Pb年龄为9.39±0.4 Ma代表锆石的结晶年龄.基于本实验数据和前人研究成果,认为锆石巨晶形成于富集CO2的氧化环境并且与地慢的交代作用有关,是岩石圈减薄作用发展到一定阶段(衰退期)的产物.%Using classical gemological methods, UV-Vis-NIR, FTIR, LA-Raman spectra, cathode luminescence images, and LA-ICP-MS gemological properties, this paper systematically studied spectroscopic features, melt inclusions, trace elements and U-Pb radioactive ages of gem-quality zircon megacrysts found in alluvia of Tertiary alkali basalt deposits associated with Cenozoic basalts from Muling in Heilongjiang Province, which are distributed along the middle-northern section of Dunhua-Mishan fault, the northern branch of Tanlu fault between Xing-Meng orogenic belt and Pacific subduction zone.These normal zircons are generally colorless to reddish brown, transparent to semi transparent, and some of them are up to 17 mm long with euhedral to subhedral shapes which have clear surface melting features.Refractive indexes are higher than 1.78 and SG values vary from 4.7 to 4.9.The

  8. Integrated evaluation of water quality and quantity in Weihe River reach of Shaanxi Province%水质水量结合评价渭河干流(陕西段)水资源变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭巍

    2011-01-01

    The water environment condition of Weihe River reach in Shaanxi Province was analysed in terms of integrated water quality and quantity, based on the data collected over the period from 2000 to 2008. Moreover, the correlation between runoff and COD, NH3-N were major discussed at the main hydrological stations in Weihe River reach. The results show that the middle and lower stream of Weihe River reach in Shaanxi Province has already been polluted. The concentrations of COD, NH3-N BOD3 and DO exceed the national surface water quality standards from Xingping control section to Tongguan control section. The available water resource descends in terms of the runoff volume of Weihe River reach. The scarcity of water resource resulting from the water quality problems has been more and more severe in the region. The concentrations of COD, NH3-N correlate to the runoff weakly in the upstream of Weihe River, while the average negative correlation between the pollutant concentrations and runoff is shown in middle and lower stream of the Weihe River. Comparatively, the influence of runoff in Weihe River on COD is more aparent than that on NH3-N.%为了全面掌握渭河(陕西段)干流水资源变化总体情况,本文收集2000 - 2008年陕西段渭河干流水文、水质监控断面的监测资料,分别从水质、水量以及两者相结合的角度分析了渭河干流的水环境状况,并重点讨论了渭河干流主要水文站径流量与COD、NH3-N污染物的同期监测浓度的相关关系.结果表明:渭河干流(陕西段)中下游水体水质为劣Ⅴ类,已受到严重污染.渭河干流可利用的水资源量有所下降,其中80%以上的水资源水质为Ⅴ类,不能满足水体利用的水质目标要求,渭河干流“水质型”水资源短缺的问题凸显.渭河干流上游径流量与COD、NH3-N污染物的浓度呈低相关性,随着流程变化,径流量与COD、NH3-N污染物的浓度在渭河干流的下游华县水

  9. 吉林省2010年~2011年新生儿疾病筛查血片质量分析%Analysis on the blood spot quality of neonatal screening from 2010 ~2011 in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝鹏锴; 付雪梅; 倪锡莲

    2013-01-01

    目的 对吉林省2010年~2011年新生儿筛查血片进行研究分析,探讨降低不合格血片发生率的方法,提高筛查质量.方法 选取2010年~2011年吉林省新生儿筛查血片267 676例为研究对象,根据新生儿疾病筛查血片采集技术规范对不合格血片产生原因进行统计分析.结果 筛选267 676例新生儿筛查血片,一次性合格血片266 104例,不合格血片1572例.血片不合格率0.59%,实际召回重采血1172例,不合格血片召回率74.81%.针对1572例不合格血片的不同原因进行分类,在不合格血片产生原因中排列前3位的原因依次为:血斑直径<8 m m(40.84%)、渗透不全(29.07%)、血斑污染(21.37%).结论 加强新生儿疾病筛查的全面质量控制,对采血人员进行必要的的专项技术培训后上岗,并严格按照新生儿疾病筛查采血规范执行,保证采血质量,是降低不合格血片发生率的有效途径.%Objective: In Province from 2010 to 2011 newborn screening blood spots for research and analysis, explore to reduce the incidence of failed blood - chip methods: to improve the quality of screening. Method: Select 267 676 cases of neonatal screening blood spots collected for the study, the technical specifications statistical analysis on the causes of failed blood films of 2010 to 2011 in Jilin Province newborn screening blood spots. Result: Screening of 267 676 cases of newborn screening blood spots, time pass blood spots of 266 104 cases, 1572 cases of failed blood spots. The failure rate of the blood spots of 0. 59% , the actual recall of the 1172 cases of heavy blood, failed blood spots recall rate of 74. 81%. Classification for 1572 cases of failure of blood spots for various reasons, failed blood spots arranged causes the top three causes were; blood spots diameter < 8 mm (40. 84% ) , penetration failure (29. 07% ) , blood spots contamination (21. 37% ). Conclusion; Total quality control to enhance neonatal screening

  10. Surveillance and Quality Control of Laboratory for Measles in Guizhou Province in 2011%2011年贵州省麻疹实验室监测与质量控制分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐小敏; 张丽; 徐飞; 戴丽芳; 叶绪芳; 朱青

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the surveillance and quality control status of laboratory for measles in Guizhou province and provide a basis for adopting measures to eliminate measles.Methods To collect the monitoring data of laboratory for measles from the surveillance system in Guizhou province from January to December 2011 and estimate the monitoring target for measles.Results A total of 563 cases with measles were reported during 2011,670 sera samples were collected with a collection rate of 94.7%.A sum of 49 suspected cases were qualified and the confirmed cases were 45 with a positive rate of 91.8%.The rate of serum specimen results reported within 7 days was 87.5%.One outbreak was diagnosed as measles in lab.Two strains of measles virus were successfully isolated and all were certified as Hl a genotype.Laboratory quality control met the requirements of both WHO and National Measles Laboratory.Conclusion All the surveillance indicators of the measles laboratory in Guizhou were well qualified,and good laboratory quality control system was also set up,which provided important scientific basis for eradication measles.%目的 分析贵州省麻疹实验室的监测与质量控制状况,为制定消除麻疹策略和措施提供依据.方法 收集贵州省2011年麻疹监测信息报告管理系统及麻疹实验室的监测数据,综合评价实验室各项监测指标.结果 2011年共报告疑似麻疹病例数563例,采集标本670份,散发病例血标本采集率为94.7%;确诊麻疹病例49例,其中实验室确诊45例,占麻疹病例的91.8%;实验室血清学结果7d及时报告率为87.5%.1起麻疹暴发得到确诊.2株麻疹阳性分离物经序列测定和分析均为H1基因型中的H1a基因亚型.质量控制均符合世界卫生组织(WHO)和国家麻疹实验室(National Measles Laboratory,NML)要求.结论 2011年贵州省麻疹实验室各项监测指标良好,具有良好质量控制体系,为消除麻疹奠定了良好的实验室基础.

  11. The Correlation between Obesity and Physical Quality in University Students in Yunnan Province%云南省大学生肥胖与身体素质的相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳慧蓉; 李正惺

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the correlation between obesity and physical quality of university students in Yunnan province by using the body mass index (BMI) as a tool,and to provide the basis for improving students'sports quality and prevention of obesity.Methods Using the data of student physical health survey in 2010 in Yunnan province,the height,weight,vital capacity,grip,standing long jump,pull-ups,endurance running,and body bending on seat of 1599 university students aged from 19 to 22 years were measured,and the relationship between obesity,physical activity and physical fitness level was analyzed.Results The detection rate of overweight and obesity was male > female (P < 0.01),underweight,overweight and obesity groups of university students did not like sports (16.72%,19.44%,13.64%),had bad somatosensory (23.21%,35.19%,50%),significantly higher than normal weight groups (10.37%) and (21.17%) (P < 0.01).Boys' BMI showed a positive correlation with vital capacity,grip strength and endurance running,a negative correlation with standing long jump and pull-ups.Girls' BMI showed a positive correlation with vital capacity,grip strength and endurance running,a negative correlation with the index of standing long jump.Conclusion Obesity can cause a decline in physical quality of university students,overweight and obesity intervention for university students is imperative.%目的 分析2010年云南大学生超重/肥胖与身体活动/身体素质的关系,为提高学生运动素质、预防肥胖提供依据.方法 以体质量指数(BMI)为工具,利用云南省2010年学生体质健康调研的资料,对1 599名19~ 22岁大学生进行身高、体重、肺活量、握力、立定跳远、引体向上、耐力跑和坐位体前屈的测量,分析大学生肥胖与身体活动、体能水平的关系.结果 超重与肥胖的检出男>女(P<0.01),过轻、超重和肥胖组的大学生不喜欢体育(16.72%、19.44%、13.64

  12. Analysis on Environmental Quality and Its Causation in Jiangsu Province during the 11 th Five Years Plan%江苏省“十一五”环境质量状况及成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄卫; 沈红军; 张涛

    2011-01-01

    Environmental quality of air, water, noise and pollutants discharge was analysed during the " e-leventh five-year plan" period in Jiangsu province. In the period, economic gross increased at average speed of 13.5% but it had brought about high pressure on environment, resource and energy consumption. Total produce of wastewater, exhaust gases and soild waste increased rapidly. By increasing investment of the energy conservation , emissions reduction and environmental protection, a series of measures prevent and control pollution to effectively change the tendence of environmental quality deterioration. According to the national environmental protection requirements during the "12th Five Years Plan" period, Jiangsu will build ecological province to promote environmental and economic development by reduction of the total emission and pollutants discharge, industry structure adjustment, environment comprehensive management of key river and region, implementation of " blue sky engineering" , solving the important environmental problems and new environmental problems, improvement of environmental quality, and environmental risk prevention.%结合江苏省“十一五”期间环境质量状况及变化情况,综合分析了环境空气、水环境、声环境质量及污染物排放状况.“十一五”期间,江苏省经济总量以13.5%的平均速度增长,社会、经济的快速发展给全省环境质量带来巨大的胁迫压力,资源能源消耗迅速攀升,“三废”产生总量持续增长;而由于加大了节能减排和环境治理投入力度,采取了一系列措施防治污染,环境质量恶化趋势得到有效遏制.提出,“十二五”期间,江苏省要以生态省建设为抓手,按照国家环境保护“十二五”规划要求,深化总量减排,加大产业结构调整力度,加强重点流域区域环境综合治理,加快实施“蓝天工程”,着力解决重要环境问题、新型环境问题,进一步强化环境质量改善,

  13. Health-Related Quality of Life and Associated Factors of Frontline Railway Workers: A Cross-Sectional Survey in the Ankang Area, Shaanxi Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaona; Chen, Gang; Xu, Feng; Zhou, Kaina; Zhuang, Guihua

    2016-11-30

    After validation of the widely used health-related quality of life (HRQOL) generic measure, the Short Form 36 version 2 (SF-36v2), we investigated the HRQOL and associated factors of frontline railway workers in China. Ground workers, conductors, and train drivers were selected from Ankang Precinct by using a stratified cluster sampling technique. A total of 784 frontline railway workers participated in the survey. The reliability and validity of SF-36v2 was satisfactory. The physical component summary (PCS) scores of three subgroups attained the average range for the USA general population, whereas the mental component summary (MCS) scores were well below the range. Most domains scored below the norm, except for the physical functioning (PF) domain. Among three subgroups, train drivers reported significantly lower scores on MCS and six health domains (excluding PF and bodily pain (BP)). After controlled confounders, conductors had significantly higher PCS and MCS scores than ground workers. There is heterogeneity on risk factors among three subgroups, but having long or irregular working schedules was negatively associated with HRQOL in all subgroups. SF-36v2 is a reliable and valid HRQOL measurement in railway workers in China. The frontline railway workers' physical health was comparative to American norms, whilst mental health was relatively worse. Long or irregular working schedules were the most important factors.

  14. Health-Related Quality of Life and Associated Factors of Frontline Railway Workers: A Cross-Sectional Survey in the Ankang Area, Shaanxi Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaona; Chen, Gang; Xu, Feng; Zhou, Kaina; Zhuang, Guihua

    2016-01-01

    After validation of the widely used health-related quality of life (HRQOL) generic measure, the Short Form 36 version 2 (SF-36v2), we investigated the HRQOL and associated factors of frontline railway workers in China. Ground workers, conductors, and train drivers were selected from Ankang Precinct by using a stratified cluster sampling technique. A total of 784 frontline railway workers participated in the survey. The reliability and validity of SF-36v2 was satisfactory. The physical component summary (PCS) scores of three subgroups attained the average range for the USA general population, whereas the mental component summary (MCS) scores were well below the range. Most domains scored below the norm, except for the physical functioning (PF) domain. Among three subgroups, train drivers reported significantly lower scores on MCS and six health domains (excluding PF and bodily pain (BP)). After controlled confounders, conductors had significantly higher PCS and MCS scores than ground workers. There is heterogeneity on risk factors among three subgroups, but having long or irregular working schedules was negatively associated with HRQOL in all subgroups. SF-36v2 is a reliable and valid HRQOL measurement in railway workers in China. The frontline railway workers’ physical health was comparative to American norms, whilst mental health was relatively worse. Long or irregular working schedules were the most important factors. PMID:27916919

  15. Comparative Study on Fruit Quality of Newhall Navel Orange in Southern Jiangxi Province%赣南纽荷尔脐橙果实品质比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖九江; 马小焕; 钟莉华; 彭良志

    2012-01-01

    Effects of tree age, soil type, fertilization and average annual temperature on fruit quality of Newhall navel orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) on trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata (L )) rootstocks were investigated in 96 orchards in 9 counties of southern Jiangxi province. Results showed that fruit total soluble solids (TSS) were increased as the tree age increased. The quality of fruits sampled from red soil and purple soil orchards was better than those sampled from yellow soil orchards. TSS content of fruits sampled from orchards applied with peanut cakes or bio-organic fertilizers was significantly higher than that of fruits fertilized with inorganic fertilizers and bio-organic fertilizers, and the bio-organic fertilizers were the best. Fruits from areas with average annual temperature of 19. 2~19. 7 ℃ had better quality than those from areas with annual average temperatures of 17. 7~17. 8 ℃ and 18. 5~18. 8 ℃ .%以赣南9个县市的96个纽荷尔脐橙园为试材,研究树龄、土壤类型、施肥种类和年平均气温对脐橙果实品质的影响.结果表明,随树龄增加,脐橙果实可溶性固形物含量提高;红壤和紫色土果园的果实品质较好,黄壤稍差;施用花生饼肥或生物有机肥为主的果园果实品质更好,可溶性固形物含量和固酸比显著高于施用化肥为主的果园;年平均气温19.2~19.7℃生态区的果实可溶性固形物含量和固酸比显著高于17.7~17.8℃生态区和18.5~18.8℃生态区.

  16. 某省县级结核病防治门诊病案质量调查与分析%Investigation of Medical Record Quality in County Level Tuberculosis Control Clinics in One Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹声; 陈求扬; 林淑芳; 林勇明

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate medical record quality in county level tuberculosis (TB) clinics in Fujian, to provide reference for the formulation of policy. Method Through a random check of medical record information in county level TB clinic for one year registration of active TB patients, the unified design of table was investigated. Result During the five years, the majority of medical record for patients with active TB had been tidied up timely on request. Among the medical record, some documents were well collected, including report of liver function tests, X - ray examination report, treatment agreement, treatment and management feedback, medication treatment supervision card. However, the collection of sputum smear examination report had to be improved; and most of the medical records were relatively simple. Conclusion The quality of county level medical records for active TB patients gradually improved in Fujian province. The quality awareness should be improved and medical record data collection and writing should be strengthened among out - patient doctors ; and the medical self - protection awareness must be strengthened to standardize written medical record.%目的 了解福建省县级结核病防治门诊病案质量现状,为制定政策提供参考依据.方法 随机抽查县级结核病防治门诊登记满1年的活动性肺结核患者病案资料,根据统一设计的表格进行检查.结果 5年间,大多数活动性肺结核痛患者的病案资料已按要求及时整理归档;抽查的病案资料中,肝功能检查报告单、X线检查报告单、治疗协议书、治疗管理反馈单与服药督导卡等单据收集较完整,但痰涂片检查报告单的收集还有待改进;大多数病案记录相对简单.结论 福建省县级活动性肺结核痛患者病案资料质量逐步提高;应提高结核病防治门诊医生质量意识,加强病案资料的收集;必须强化结核病防治门诊医生自我保护的意识,规范书写病案.

  17. Operation Control and Information Management System of Shandong Province Environmental Water Quality Automatic Monitoring Network%山东省环境水质自动监测网运行管理系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许杨; 邱晓国; 李浩; 莫红; 万黎

    2012-01-01

    monitoring information, automatic assessment and system one-stop management upon operation and maintenance performance. Currently, this system has been widely applied in the Shandong Province and already achieved a remarkable accomplishment, which guarantees the accuracy, comparability and timeliness of monitoring data, provides technical safeguard for early warning of water quality safety, and offers scientific basis for environmental water quality improving measures designed by various government levels.

  18. Eco-environmental Quality Assessment of Ruoergai County in Sichuan Province Based on Multi-sources Remote Sensing Data%四川省若尔盖县生态环境质量评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文英; 何彬彬

    2014-01-01

    本文以2007、2009和2012年的5月和9月共6个时期的遥感影像,基于栅格数据和综合评价模型,对若尔盖县的生态环境质量状况进行了评价。首先,从影响生态环境质量的因子出发,选取归一化植被指数(NDVI)、地表温度、坡度、坡向、土地利用、湿度指数6项生态因子作为评价指标;然后,利用主成分分析法确定各评价指标的权重,根据综合指数评价模型计算出研究区的生态环境质量指数,同时,依据计算结果的大小把研究区的生态环境质量划分为优、良、中、差4个等级;最后,对若尔盖县的生态环境状况的空间分布规律进行分析。结果表明,2007-2012年若尔盖县生态环境质量良好,不同时相的生态环境综合指数的均值均在60左右,同时该区域的生态环境质量有变好的趋势;不同季节的评价结果稍有差异,但是同一季节不同年的变化趋势是一致的;不同等级的区域相间分布,较差区域主要集中在植被覆盖较差的区域,西北部居多,中部零星分布。%Compared with traditional methods for eco-environmental assessment, the method based on remote sensing imagery is more convenient and does not require huge amounts of statistical data. Satellite remote sens-ing has the advantages of efficient, economical, macro and dynamic monitoring of land surface and therefore is an excellent way in providing data for eco-environmental assessment. Scholars have deeply studied how to ex-tract ecological environment factors from remotely sensed data. In this paper, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), land surface temperature, slope, aspect, land use and wetness index were selected as evaluation factors, and the eco-environmental quality of Ruoergai County of Sichuan Province in the years of 2007, 2009 and 2012 is assessed based on multi-sources remote sensing images (TM, HJ1B CCD1/CCD2, ASTER GDEM, and MODIS) and GIS

  19. Technical Specification for High Yield and High Quality Cultivation of Lianmai 8 in Huaibei Area of Jiangsu Province%江苏淮北地区连麦8号高产优质栽培技术规程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡曙鋆; 伏广成; 査日扬; 马永周; 张正球; 许光辉; 韩善红

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of the previous 3 years cultivation experiment and production demonstration, according to the requirement of the national standard of green food production, technical specification for high yield and high quality cultivation of Lianmai 8 in Huaibei area of Jiangsu Prov-ince was formulated.The production factor, fertility index, basic conditions, field management, prevention and control of plant diseases and in-sect pests, harvest and other technical indicators of the high yield cultivation were determined, focusing on the specification of the key technical links such as high yield cultivation management, green prevention and control of plant diseases and insect pests, so as to guide the scale and standardized production of wheat in Huaibei region.%在总结前3年栽培试验和生产示范的基础上,参照国家绿色食品生产规范要求,制定了江苏淮北地区连麦8号高产优质栽培技术规程。规程明确了该品种高产栽培的产量因子、生育指标、基础条件、田间管理、病虫草害防治及收获等技术指标,侧重规范了该品种的高产栽培管理、病虫草害绿色防治等关键技术环节,以指导淮北地区小麦规模化、标准化生产。

  20. Health-related quality of life as measured with EQ-5D among populations with and without specific chronic conditions: a population-based survey in Shaanxi Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhijun Tan

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL as measured by EQ-5D and to investigate the influence of chronic conditions and other risk factors on HRQoL based on a distributed sample located in Shaanxi Province, China. METHODS: A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was performed to select subjects. EQ-5D was employed to measure the HRQoL. The likelihood that individuals with selected chronic diseases would report any problem in the EQ-5D dimensions was calculated and tested relative to that of each of the two reference groups. Multivariable linear regression models were used to investigate factors associated with EQ VAS. RESULTS: The most frequently reported problems involved pain/discomfort (8.8% and anxiety/depression (7.6%. Nearly half of the respondents who reported problems in any of the five dimensions were chronic patients. Higher EQ VAS scores were associated with the male gender, higher level of education, employment, younger age, an urban area of residence, access to free medical service and higher levels of physical activity. Except for anemia, all the selected chronic diseases were indicative of a negative EQ VAS score. The three leading risk factors were cerebrovascular disease, cancer and mental disease. Increases in age, number of chronic conditions and frequency of physical activity were found to have a gradient effect. CONCLUSION: The results of the present work add to the volume of knowledge regarding population health status in this area, apart from the known health status using mortality and morbidity data. Medical, policy, social and individual attention should be given to the management of chronic diseases and improvement of HRQoL. Longitudinal studies must be performed to monitor changes in HRQoL and to permit evaluation of the outcomes of chronic disease intervention programs.

  1. 福建省少年篮球运动员的身体素质和技术现状%On the Physical Quality and Current Technological Situation of Teenage Basketball Player in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马黎磊

    2012-01-01

    The paper aims to make the current assessment and statistics about physical quality and technology for 168 men and women athletes who attended the junior group basketball championship in 2011,according to the projects and requirements of the National Teenage and Children Basketball Teaching Training Program promulgated in 2009 and through adopting the field test,the literature material,field interview methods.In the process of analyzing statistics,the author has found some problems and put forward some suggestions in order to make the overall level of teenage basketball sports so as to form a good pyramid in Fujian,make the level of the teenagers closer,make a more competitive situation appearing in each team,and convey good basketball reserve talents for the first-line and second-line teams and physical universities in our province.%为了了解福建省篮球后备人才的发展现状,采用现场测试的方法,对参加福建省2011年少年乙组篮球锦标赛的168名男女学生运动员,按国家体育总局2009年颁布的全国青少年儿童篮球教学训练大纲的标准进行身体素质和技术的测评。研究表明:福建省少年篮球运动员的技术动作、球感和速度差距明显;60 s多点移动投篮、20 s卧推、单脚起跳助跑摸高成绩不理想;无论是身体素质还是技术水平,福州女队明显高出其他球队。

  2. Assessment of quality control for maternal and child health monitoring in Shaanxi Province%陕西省妇幼卫生监测质量控制评估分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宝珠; 李敏; 蔡文娟; 甘露

    2012-01-01

    Objective To learn about the status of maternal and child health monitoring in Shaanxi Province, find out the problems in data monitoring and analyze their reasons, and then to propose effective solutions. Methods By using the method of random sampling combined with key clue tracing, relevant experts were organized to investigate the missing report of three network monitoring and look for missing clues by consulting documents, data and reports, checking data, surveying household and data checking with multiple departments. Results The missing report of three networks indicated that there was no missing report of maternal mortality in sampled area. The death omitting of children under the age of five was one case, with the missing report rate of 1. 09%. The missing report of birth defects occurred in one case, with the missing report rate of 0. 69% . The quality checking of monitoring tables and cards showed that the rate of tables and cards with errors and missed items was 5. 71% in Shaanxi Province, and there was no statistical difference among three areas of Southern Shaanxi, Northern Shaanxi and Guanzhong Plain (X2 =0. 044, P > 0. 05 ). In death report cards, the error rate was 6. 25% , with diagnostic error rate of 7. 81% and the unknown diagnosis rate of 3. 12% . There was no statistical difference among three areas (X2 value was 0. 272, 0. 120 and 1. 070, respectively, all P >0. 05 ). Conclusion It is necessary to further strengthen the quality control of maternal and child health data monitoring and information management in Shaanxi Province, so as to improve the quality of maternal and child health information work.%目的 了解陕西省妇幼卫生监测工作的现状,发现数据监测中的问题并分析原因,提出有效的解决对策.方法 采用随机抽样和重点线索追踪相结合的方法,组织有关专家对三网监测漏报情况进行调查;采取查阅文件、资料、报表,现场核对数据,入户调查的方法,并且与多部

  3. 贵州省临床检验实验室生理盐水质量抽查结果分析%Spot-check of quality of normal saline in clinical laboratories of Guizhou province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌晓午; 苏莉; 安邦权; 周湘红; 王伟; 黄盛文; 裴秋媛; 陶永德; 杨秀华

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To conduct tracking survey of quality of conventional normal saline in clinical laboratories of medical institutions in Guizhou province so as to ensure the quality of the normal saline and improve the accuracy of conventional examination of vaginal secretions .METHODS By means of direct and centrifugal smear method ,a spot-check microscopy was performed to test the visible components of the normal saline in three consecutive years from 2009 to 2011 ,and the statistical analysis was performed with the use of SPSS15 .0 software .RESULTS The qualified rate of the normal saline increased from 64 .9% in 2009 to 95 .9% in 2011 (P<0 .01) .The rate of fungal contamination of direct smear decreased significantly from 27 .0% in 2009 to 4 .1% in 2011 ,and the rate of fungal contamination of centrifugal smear decreased significantly from 33 .8% in 2009 to 4 .1% in 2011 (P<0 .01) .The trichomoniasis contamination was only detected in one clinical laboratory in 2009 ,with the contamination rate of 1 .4% .CONCLUSION Through the 3-straight-year spot-check survey and supervision of quality of conventional normal saline in the clinical laboratories ,the qualified rate of normal saline is remarkably increased ,and the study concludes that it is an effective way to take quality control measures so as to reduce the rate of contamination of normal saline and improve the quality of clinical laboratory examination .%目的:通过对贵州省医疗机构临床检验实验室常规用生理盐水质量进行追踪调研,以督促各所医院确保生理盐水无污染,从而提高阴道分泌物等常规检测准确性。方法采用直接与离心涂片法于2009-2011年连续3年通过不定期实地突击考察的方式镜检各临床检验实验室生理盐水有形成分;采用SPSS15.0软件进行统计分析。结果生理盐水的合格率从2009年的64.9%上升至2011年95.9%( P<0.01);生理盐水直接涂片和离

  4. Uranium Provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Three uranium provinces are recognized in China, the Southeast China uranium province, the Northeast China-lnner Mongolia uranium province and the Northwest China (Xinjiang) uranium province. The latter two promise good potential for uranium resources and are major exploration target areas in recent years. There are two major types of uranium deposits: the Phanerozoic hydrothermal type (vein type) and the Meso-Cenozoic sandstone type in different proportions in the three uranium provinces. The most important reason or prerequisite for the formation of these uranium provinces is that Precambrian uranium-enriched old basement or its broken parts (median massifs) exists or once existed in these regions, and underwent strong tectonomagmatic activation during Phanerozoic time. Uranium was mobilized from the old basement and migrated upwards to the upper structural level together with the acidic magma originating from anatexis and the primary fluids, which were then mixed with meteoric water and resulted in the formation of Phanerozoic hydrothermal uranium deposits under extensional tectonic environments. Erosion of uraniferous rocks and pre-existing uranium deposits during the Meso-Cenozoic brought about the removal of uranium into young sedimentary basins. When those basins were uplifted and slightly deformed by later tectonic activity, roll-type uranium deposits were formed as a result of redox in permeable sandstone strata.

  5. Evaluation and Analysis on Spatial Differences of Urbanization Quality of Henan Province%河南省城镇化协调发展评价与空间差异分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雒海潮; 李国梁

    2015-01-01

    China’s urbanization process and urban construction have taken a notable achievement in the past 30 years since the reform and opening-up. At present, the Chinese urbanization has entered a new stage. The ur-banization speed is fast in recent years in China, but China’s urbanization level is still lower than the average level of the world, especially the urbanization quality is low. The high-speed urbanization which develops healthily will have to face many severe problems. We must pay attention to construction of healthy urbaniza-tion while paying attention to the urbanization speed. This paper presents urbanization coordination develop-ment is very important to construction of healthy urbanization. This paper decomposes composite urbanization into four parts, namely population urbanization, economic urbanization, land urbanization and social urbaniza-tion. With further consideration, the four parts must be in the coordination coupling state, if not that, composite urbanization will be in an un-health state. The technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) method is applied to evaluate the coordination degree of the four categories of urbanization which is the results of decomposition of comprehensive urbanization. Base on the demographic data at a district level, the article analyzed the coordination development and spatial disparities of urbanization in Henan province in 2012, by a comprehensive application of software Excell and IBM MapInfo 20.0. The result shows that: 1) these cities belonged to high grade coordinated category include Jiyuan, Xinxiang and Jiaozuo. 2) These cities belonged to secondary grade coordinated category include Zhengzhou, Shangqiu, Luoyang, Anyang, but these cities are backward in land urbanization. 3) These cities belonged to primary coordinated category include He-bi and Luohe, but these cities are backward in social urbanization. It may be the cause that is ignored that suffi-cient supply of public

  6. 青海牧区高寒草甸草地放牧藏羊肉品质分析%Meat Quality of Tibetan Sheep Grazed in Alpine Meadows in Qinghai Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄文颖

    2015-01-01

    研究青海藏羊和小尾寒羊的肉营养品质、氨基酸含量。结果表明:藏羊肉蛋白质含量为21.96%,极显著高于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.01);脂肪含量为2.66%,显著低于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.05);氨基酸总量、非必需氨基酸含量分别极显著高于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.01),必需氨基酸含量显著高于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.05),特别是藏羊肉中谷氨酸含量显著高于小尾寒羊肉(P<0.05);说明藏羊属于高蛋白质、低脂肪、氨基酸含量丰富的动物性食品,符合当今人们对优质健康肉食品的要求。%In this study, we analyzed the nutritional quality and amino acid composition of fresh meats of Tibetan sheep and small-tail Han sheep grazed in alpine meadows in Qinghai province. The results indicated that the protein content of muscles of Tibetan sheep was 21.96%, which was significantly higher than that of small-tail Han sheep (P< 0.01), and the fat content was 2.66%, which was significantly reduced compared with muscles of small-tail Han lamb (P < 0.05). Both total amino acids and non-essential amino acids were extremely significantly (P< 0.01) more abundant and essential amino acids especially glutamic acid were significantly (P< 0.05) more abundant in muscles of Tibetan sheep than in small-tail Han sheep. These data showed that meat of Tibet sheep is characterized by high protein, low fat and abundant amino acids and thus can meet the consumer demand for high-quality and healthy meat products.

  7. The Quality of Scattered Water Supply in Rural Areas in Zhejiang Province%浙江省2010年农村分散式供水水质现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡建民; 楼晓明; 陈志健; 王晓峰; 莫哲; 陈卫中; 任丽华

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the quality and health status of rural scattered water supply in Zhejiang Province, and provide scientific basis for the government. Methods Representative monitoring spots were selected from 26 counties to be investigated with a questionnaire on the basic situation. Samples of scattered water supply from different points were collected in wet and dry water seasons. The water quality was analyzed and assessed according to the related standards and regulation. Results There are 251. 9 thousand scattered water supply spots in the 26 counties, covering 16. 70% of the rural population. The pass rate of the mechanical sampling, manual sampling and handlance pump sampling in wet and dry water seasons is 21.60% , 31.03% and 14.81% and 15. 04% , 13.79% and 21.62%, respectively. Conclusion The pass rates of composite index of scattered water supply from rural areas are low, which is related to the contamination during the water intaking.%目的 了解浙江省农村居民饮用分散式供水水质和卫生状况,预防饮水引起急慢性、化学性和介水传染病的发生.方法 在浙江省11个市中选择有代表性县开展分散式供水基本情况调查和水质监测,对不同类型水源水和不同类型取水方式的水质,在丰、枯水期进行取样监测和评价.结果 26个县不同水源类型饮水点有25.19万处,饮水人数为201.24万人,占农村人口的16.70%;不同取水方式丰、枯水期的机械取水合格率分别为21.60%和31.03%;人力取水为14.81%和15.04%;手压泵取水13.79%和21.62%.结论 浙江省农村分散式供水水质综合指标合格率较低,主要是水源水间接受不同环节污染机会较多所致.

  8. 吉林省主栽品种番茄营养品质的分析与评价%Analysis and Assessment on Nutritional Quality of Tomato Varieties Commercially Grown in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张传伟; 宋述尧; 赵春波; 温涛; 孙凯

    2011-01-01

    The nutritional quality of ten main tomato varieties in Jilin province were analyzed and as-sessed. The result showed that the fruit of tomato contained remarkably different contents of nutrients, ranging between 0.018-0.074 μg/ml of lycopene, 1.24-2.36 mg/g of soluble protein, 1.54-2.55 of Ratio of sugar and acid, 52.50-115.30 ug/g of free aminoacid. While the content of Vc, soluble solid, soluble sugar existed unremarkably difference, ranging from 56.46-72.92 mg/100gFW, 3.67-4.4%, 3.25-4.17%. According to the comprehensive quality, 'Aoli-an. And 'Dongnong 708'were the best variety, and'Beiy-ing'and'Ruiqi NO.1 'were the worst variety.%本试验对10个吉林省主栽品种番茄的营养品质进行了分析与评价。结果表明,番茄的番茄红素、可溶性蛋白、糖酸比、游离氨基酸的含量差异明显,其变幅依次为0.018~0.074 μg/mL、1.24~2.36 mg/g、1.54~2.55、52.50~115.30μg/g。Vc、可溶性固形物、可溶性糖的含量差异不明显,其变幅依次为56.46~72.92 mg/100 gFW、3.67%~4.4%、3.25%~4.17%。综合营养品质最好的品种是奥利安和东农708,营养品质最差的是倍盈和瑞琦1号。

  9. 浙江省15项临床检验质量指标调查结果与分析%Analysis of 15 quality indicators in clinical laboratory in Zhejiang province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郦卫星; 王治国; 康凤凤; 单志明; 宋超; 陈兵权; 王敏琦; 周杰

    2016-01-01

    目的:建立并实施临床检验质量指标调查体系,分析浙江省15项临床检验质量指标的现状。方法设计并开发质量指标网络平台,统一向473家实验室发放电子调查表,要求1个月内在线回报结果。统计分析采用开发的软件结合SPSS13.0,以率表示的13项指标再用西格玛度量评价。采用各质量指标总体分布的P75、P50和P25探索最佳、适当和最低质量规范。结果444家实验室回报结果。10/13项指标其总体σ水平>3σ,但其中室内质控项目CV不合格率和室间质评项目不合格率<3σ的实验室比例仍有15.8%和9.2%。不同等级医院实验室和不同专业之间存在明显差异。常规检验前TAT生化和免疫平均约50 min,三大常规和凝血试验为30 min,急诊检验前TAT均为10~15 min。实验室内TAT免疫最长,常规和急诊检验分别为154 min和40 min。8/13项指标的最佳质量规范要求达到6σ水平,而4/13项指标的最低质量规范都小于1σ。结论浙江省临床实验室检验前阶段的质量指标总体水平优于检验中和检验后阶段,实验室应加强信息化建设,保证可靠的数据采集和长期监控。(中华检验医学杂志,2016,39:23-28)%Objective To establish and apply the procedure of survey on quality indicator in clinical laboratory and to analyze the status in quo of the 15 quality indicators in Zhejiang province .Methods A network platform for the survey on quality indicator in clinical laboratory was designed and developed by our center.The online questionnaires that should be reported back within one month were assigned to 473 laboratories.The developed software and SPSS 13.0 were used for statistical analysis .13 indicators expressed in rate were further evaluated with sigma scales .The 25th percentile, 50th percentile, and 75th percentile of the distribution of each quality indicator were regarded as the minimum

  10. Infuencing factors of sleep quality among rural elderly with hypertension in Anhui province%安徽农村老年高血压患者睡眠质量及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董青; 李杰; 刘娟娟; 董永海; 张万军; 辛倩倩; 黄芬

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解安徽省农村老年高血压患者睡眠质量现状及危险因素.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,抽取农村老年人1 700名,其中高血压患者1110例,采用匹茨堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)及自编问卷对1110例老年高血压患者进行面对面调查.结果 PSQI平均得分为(7.65±3.91)分,474例(42.7%)睡眠质量差;新发患者组睡眠质量差的检出率、PSQI总分均高于高血压病史组(x2=15.742,P=0.000;t=4.743,P=0.000);血压控制不良组睡眠质量差的检出率、PSQI总分均高于血压控制良好组(x2=4.545,P=0.033;f=2.411,P=0.016);不同血压水平的高血压患者睡眠质量差的检出率差异有统计学意义(x2=24.054,P=0.000),PSQI总分差异有统计学意义(F=8.507,P=0.000);逐步Logistic回归分析结果显示,女性、年龄≥70岁、农民、有收入、2级血压水平、有冠心病史、胃病史、气管炎史是睡眠质量的危险因素.结论 农村老年高血压患者睡眠质量较差,提高睡眠质量是改善生存状况的有效途径.%Objective To investigate sleep quality and it' s influencing factors among the rural elderly with hypertension in Anhui province.Methods With stratified sampling,a face-to-face interview was conducted among 1 110 hypertension patients from 1 700 elderly respondents.A Chinese version of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scale and a selfcompliled scale were used to collect related information.Results Among the subjects, the average PSQI score was 7.65 ±3.91 and 474 cases (42.7% ) had bad sleep quality.New hypertension cases had higher PSQI score and bad sleep quality than cases wtih long hypertension history (x2 = 15.742 ,P =0.000;t =4.743 ,P =0.000).The hypertensives with abnormal blood pressure control had a higher prevalence of bad sleep quality and higher PSQI score than those of with normal control (x2 =4.545 ,P =0.033 ;t =2.411 ,P =0.016).Prevalence rate of bad sleep quality and PSQI score were significantly different

  11. Eco-environmental quality assessment of Luoyuan Bay, Fujian Province of East China based on biotic indices%基于不同生物指数的罗源湾生态环境质量状况评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴海燕; 陈克亮; 张平; 傅世锋; 侯建平; 陈庆辉

    2013-01-01

    将国外已经成功应用的两类生态环境质量状况评价指数:严格基于底栖生物敏感度分类的AZTI海洋生物指数(AZTI marine biotic index,AMBI)和BENTIX指数,以及包含AMBI、香农多样性指数(H ')和物种丰度的复合指数——多因子AZTI海洋生物指数(multivariateAMBI,M-AMBI)应用于罗源湾,并将这两类指数的评价结果与我国常用的基于群落结构的H '进行相互校准,探讨这些指数在罗源湾的适用性,以期为我国近岸海域生态环境质量状况评价指数的选择提供一定的参考.结果表明:AMBI和BENTIX、M-AMBI和H'的评价结果基本一致.这3类指数在大部分站位的评价结果是一致的(13/16),不一致的站位都是AMBI和BENTIX的评价等级(优或良)高于M-AMBI和H'的评价等级(中).综合考虑物种丰度、个体丰度以及生物群组组成等信息,M-AMBI和H'的评价等级梯度明显(从中到优),评价结果更为合理.对于富营养化程度较高、沉积物有机富集程度低以及底栖生物组成以敏感种为主的罗源湾,选择H'和M-AMBI指数能够合理地评价生态环境质量状况.%In this paper, two types of eco-environmental quality assessment indices that have been successively applied abroad, i.e., the AZTI marine biotic index (AMBI) and BENTIX index based on the ecological sensitivity of benthos and the multivariate-AMBI (M-AMBI) , a multivariate index integrating AMBI, Shannon Index H', and species richness, were applied to assess the eco-environmental quality of Luoyuan Bay, Fujian Province of East China, and the assessment results were compared with those by the H', an index based on community structure, which is often applied in China, aimed to test the applicability of these indices to the Bay, and to provide reference in selecting the indices for assessing our coastal eco-environment quality.Similar assessment results were obtained by applying AMBI and BENTIX index, and M-AMBI and H'.At most stations (13

  12. Evaluation of diet quality of residents in Jiangsu province with china diet balance index%应用中国膳食平衡指数评价江苏地区居民膳食质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱谦让; 袁宝君; 戴月; 孔媚兰; 王艳; 吴高林; 周翌婧

    2013-01-01

    目的:利用膳食平衡指数(DBI-07)综合评价江苏地区18~65岁居民的膳食质量,为开展营养干预提供依据.方法:选用2009年中国健康与营养调查中江苏地区954例18~65岁成年人完整的膳食调查资料以及个人基本情况,采用DBI-07评分方法评价江苏地区居民膳食质量水平.结果:江苏地区居民膳食质量整体处于低度失衡状态,摄入不足与摄入过量并存;男性摄入过量和不均衡程度高于女性,农村膳食摄入不足以及不均衡程度高于城市,40~49岁居民膳食失衡程度最高.结论:江苏地区居民摄入水果、奶豆类不足,而肉类、食用油、食盐摄入过量;居民主要膳食模式为B模式;男性、农村居民和40~49岁人群为主要干预对象;在宣传膳食指南和膳食宝塔的同时应对食用油、食盐摄入过量人群采取针对性的干预措施.%Objective:By using diet balance index(DBI-07),the diet structure and quality of resident in Jiangsu province have been evaluated. The findings can be used for nutritional intervention. Methods:The basic information of 954 residents aged 18-65 years who had completed 3 days dietary information were selected from 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey. The quality of dietary was evaluated by using DBI-07 method. Results:The overall dietary quality of Jiangsu residents was somewhat imbalance. Insufficient intake and excessive intake were both coexisted in the residents of Jiangsu. Male had a higher level of excessive intake and imbalance than female. The situation of dietary deficiencies and imbalance of rural areas were more severe than those of the city. Group age from 40 to 50 has the highest level of dietary imbalances. Conclusion:For Jiangsu residents,intakes of fruits,milk and beans were insufficient, whereas red meat,edible oil and salt intake were excessive. Major dietary pattern of residents is the Pattern B. Three main target populations for intervention were male

  13. Ecological Quality Assessment of Yunling Nature Reserve in Lanping County of Yunnan Province%兰坪云岭省级自然保护区生态质量评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国斌

    2011-01-01

    2010年4~7月,采用系统调查和资料收集相结合的方法,对兰坪云岭自然保护区的生物多样性进行了多学科考察,并对其生态质量进行了评价,结果表明:保护区植被可划分为9个植被型、12个植被亚型、21个群系,种子植物141科、608属、1 515种(含种下等级),哺乳动物80种,鸟类167种,两栖爬行类46种;保护区的生态质量具有典型性、区位性、多样性、稀有性、自然性、脆弱性和面积的适应性.评价结果为云岭省级自然保护区自然资源的合理开发利用和生物多样性保护提供科学依据.%Combining the methods of field survey and data collection, the biodiversity of Yunling Nature Reserve in Lanping County of Yunnan province was investigated from April to July in 2010. The study results showed that the vegetation of the nature reserve could be classified into 9 types, 12 sub-types and 21 formations. The flora and fauna included 141 families, 608 genera and 1515 species of spermatophyte, 80 species of mammals, 167 species of birds, 46 species of amphibians and reptiles. The ecological quality of the nature reserve is characterized by typi-calness, location, diversity, rareness, naturalness, fragility and appropriate area. The results of this assessment provided a scientific basis for reasonable utilization of natural resources and effective protection of biodiversity of Yunling Nature Reserve.

  14. 云南省黑木耳重金属背景值及质量安全风险评估%Background Levels of Heavy Metal Contents and Risk Assessment of Safety of Black Fungus Quality in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪禄祥; 和丽忠; 严红梅; 陈锦玉; 杜丽娟; 黎其万

    2012-01-01

    The heavy metals of Pb, Cd in different samples of Yunnan black fungus were determined and analyzed by atomic absorption spec-trometry. The results indicated that the contents of Pb, Cd in black fungus from different markets and places of production showed high variation coefficients (2.20 % -64.6 %), the background level of Pb was 3.00 mg/kg and Cd was 0.176 mg/kg. The degree of risk of Pb in black fungus was greater than that of Cd. The consumption quantity of black fungus affected the overall health hazard ( IFS) of Pb and Cd in a large extent. The value of IFS was nearly less than 1 when average quantity of black fungus was consumed and the value of IFS was greater than 1 when maximum quantity of black fungus was consumed. The article provided much reference date for background levels of heavy metal contents and risk assessment of the safety of black fungus quality in Yunnan Province.%采用原子吸收光谱仪对云南省黑木耳56份材料的重金属元素铅、镉进行测定与分析.结果表明,不同市场和不同产地的黑木耳重金属铅、镉含量变异大(2.20%~64.6%);云南省黑木耳的重金属铅的背景值为3.00 mg/kg,镉的背景值为0.176 mg/kg;云南省黑木耳中铅的安全指数大于镉,铅的风险大于镉的风险.黑木耳的消费量在很大程度上影响着重金属铅、镉对消费者的整体危害程度(—)(IFS),食用黑木耳为平均消费量时,(—)IFS几乎均小于1;食用黑木耳为最大消费量时,IFS均大于1.本研究为探讨云南省黑木耳重金属背景值及质量安全风险评估提供了有益的参考数据.

  15. Analysis of impact factor on the quality of life among the ex-leprosy patients in leprosy villages, Guangdong Province%广东省麻风村休养员生存质量影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙希凤; 黄祖锋; 王晓华; 熊明洲; 苏婷; 黎明

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To determine the impact factors on the quality of life ( QOL) among the ex-leprosy patients in leprosy village to provide better human care for them. Methods: WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was used to collect the information on the QOL among the ex-leprosy patients in 12 leprosy villages in Guang ̄dong province. Results:The mean age of 187 participants from 12 villages were 68.58±11.21 years. Deformi ̄ties grade, ability of self-care, the way of family visit, occupation before admission, the amount of income, expenditure costs, government assistance, annual medical costs and other factors impacted QOL. Conclusion:The family members should pay more care to the ex-leprosy patients. Government should continuously provide with social assistance and health care to improve their QOL for them.%目的::确定影响广东省麻风村休养员生存质量的因素。方法:采用分层随机抽样方法对广东省麻风村休养员进行面对面访谈调查,通过WHOQOL-BREF问卷对麻风村休养员生存质量进行分析。结果:共调查了12个麻风村187名休养员,平均年龄(68.58±11.21)岁。畸残级别、自理能力、亲人联系方式、入院前职业、经济收入额、年支出费用、政府救助、每年医疗费用等因素影响麻风村休养员生存质量。结论:家庭成员应给予休养员更多关爱,政府应不断提高麻风村休养员的社会救济和医保水平,不断提高麻风村休养员生存质量。

  16. 发挥省级医院感染管理质控中心的作用提高全省医院感染管理水平%Giving play to the role of provincial nosocomial infection management and quality control center, improving nosocomial infection management level of the whole province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜亦虹

    2015-01-01

    江苏省医院感染管理质控中心成立后,开展了一系列质控工作,加强医院感染管理专业人才队伍建设;建章立制,细化医院感染防控工作规范;围绕工作规范开展检查与调研;规范医院感染目标性监测;开展多种形式的专业技术培训,对全省医院感染管理工作起到积极的推进作用。同时,对医院感染管理质控标准、专家团队的组建、组织关系及经费拨付、多学科合作及省际间专业交流、开展医院感染管理科学研究等进行了有益地探讨。%Since its establishment, the Nosocomial Infection Management and Quality Control Center of Jiangsu Province has carried out a series of quality control activities, enhanced the construction of talent team specialized in nosocomial infection management, set up new systems to reifne the work speciifcation for the prevention and control of nosocomial infection, and conducted examination and survey based on the work speciifcation. It has also normalized objective monitoring of nosocomial infection, carried out professional technical training in multiple forms, and played a positive role in promoting the nosocomial infection management of the whole province. Meanwhile, beneifcial discussions have also been made on the standards for nosocomial infection management and quality control, the building, organization relationship, and fund appropriation of expert team, interdisciplinary cooperation, and inter-province professional exchanges, as well as the scientiifc research on nosocomial infection management.

  17. Characteristics of air quality and the correlation between API and meteorological elements in major cities of Shandong province%山东重点城市空气质量及其与气象要素的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 邱粲; 刘焕彬; 曹洁; 王栋成; 董旭光

    2013-01-01

      利用山东省济南、青岛2001—2010年以及其他7个重点城市2005—2010年逐日空气污染指数(API)和同期的常规气象资料,运用统计方法,分析了各市空气质量年、季变化特征,并利用SPSS软件进一步分析探讨了API指数与风速、气温、降水、湿度、日照时数等气象因子的相关关系。结果表明:济南由于受能源结构、地形、气象条件等因素的影响,API指数累年平均值最大达到91.2,沿海城市空气质量明显好于内陆城市,日照 API 指数最小仅为56.5;从年际变化来看,济南由于加强对空气污染的治理,空气质量明显改善,API指数呈逐年下降趋势,其他城市有不同程度的增加或减小。空气质量具有明显的季节变化,各城市均是夏季空气质量最好,优良率天数频率最多,冬季最差,济南冬季发生轻微污染以上天数的频率最大占39.8%;各城市均以 PM10为首要污染物出现的频率为最多,出现以 NO2、SO2为首要污染物频率最多的城市分别是枣庄、潍坊,出现空气质量为优频率最多的城市是日照;各城市4季 API 指数与同期常规气象要素密切相关,4季API指数与降水均呈负相关,除济南春季外,与风速基本呈负相关,春、夏、秋3个季节API指数与相对湿度基本均成负相关,冬季API指数与日照时数成负相关、与气温、相对湿度成正相关。%Based on the daily Air Pollution Index (API) and regular meteorological observed data of Jinan and Qingdao in 2001—2010 and of seven other cities in Shandong province in 2005—2010, the annual and seasonal variation characteristics of air quality in each city and the correlation between API and wind speed, temperature, precipitation, humidity and sunshine hours are analyzed making use of statistical method and SPSS software. The results indicate that due to the influence of energy structure, topography, and

  18. Refractory Minerals in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Qinguo; LI Jing; LIU Jiehua; LIU Yanjun

    2004-01-01

    Henan province is very rich in refractory minerals of many varieties including silica, dolomite, graphite,pearlite, sepiolite, olivine, and sillimanite group minerals, besides the abundant reserves of fireclay and bauxite,which lay a good foundation for the development of the refractories industry of the province. The paper introduces the reserves, distribution and character of the refractory minerals in Henan province.

  19. 新媒体环境影响四川省青少年思想道德素质的调查分析%Investigation and analysis on the influence of new media environment on the ideological and moral quality of young people in Sichuan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘姣; 刘焕; 李旭; 杨定兰

    2016-01-01

    The new media as a new social force, has penetrated into all aspects of social life, profound changes in the social landscape, affecting people's thinking and moral quality. The Youth is the most extensive and the most active groups to use new media technology, in order to understand and grasp the ideological and moral quality situation of the youth in Sichuan Province in the new media environment, take questionnaire survey, carries on the investigation to the new media environment influences teenagers' ideological and moral quality, based on youth in Sichuan Province in the new media environment of ideological and moral quality, analysis of the current situation from multi angle, put forward countermeasures to strengthen the ideological and moral quality under the new media environment.%新媒体作为一种全新的社会力量,已逐步普及并渗透到社会生活的各个方面,深刻地改变着社会面貌,影响着人们的思维观念和道德素质。青少年是新媒体技术使用最为广泛、最为活跃的群体,为了了解和把握四川省青少年在新媒体环境下的思想道德素质现状,采取调查问卷的方式,对新媒体环境影响青少年思想道德素质情况进行调查,立足四川省青少年在新媒体环境下思想道德素质的实际,多角度分析现状,提出加强新媒体环境下青少年思想道德素质的对策。

  20. Evaluation of Health Service Quality in Counties with the Health XI Project in Gansu Province: Taking the Gaolan County for Example%甘肃省卫XI项目县卫生服务质量评价研究:以皋兰县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫宣辰; 杨敬宇

    2011-01-01

    探讨在甘肃省卫XI项目县如何推行卫生服务质量评价工作,以改善和提高卫生服务能力,为卫XI项目活动的更好实施提供理论支持和实践经验.研究了皋兰县卫生服务质量评价工作的实际情况,总结了在项目县推行卫生服务质量评价的具体步骤,并提出了对评价指标实行编码化管理,对于最后评价结果的规范化输出和进行不同评价主体间的结果比对有重要意义.%To discuss the implement Jhe health care quality evaluation in counties with the Health XI Project in Cansu Province, to improve and enhance the capacity of health services, and to provide theoretical support and practical experience for the Health XI Project activities. Health services quality evaluation is a necessary means of the quality management and the basic precondition of health services. The paper investigeted the actual situation of health care quality evaluation in one of project counties, Gaolan in Cansu Province, and summarized the implementation steps of quality assessment. On the basis of the actual situation, the index of evaluation was proposed to code management, which was the standardization of the evaluation results for the final output. And also, the standardization results can combine with the results of quantitative assessment and subjects with different evaluation results should be compared.

  1. Research on the General ---Taking Quality of Administrative Law A Province Tax Departments into%税务系统行政执法类公务员通用素质研究——以A省国税系统为调查对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵子建

    2012-01-01

    行政执法类公务员是税务系统公务员队伍的主体。本文根据对A省国税系统行政执法类公务员的调查,提炼出了税务系统行政执法类公务员的通用素质要项,并建立了包含政治素养、业务能力、管理水平、服务意识和自我概念等八个素质模块共二十五个素质要项的通用素质标准。这一素质标准不仅反映了税务系统行政执法类公务员任职的基本要求,同时也说明了提升税务系统行政执法类公务员素质所必须加强的若干方面。%The quality of administrative law enforcement class official is the important guarantee of government performance. According to investigation to A province tax departments, this article studies on the general quality of administrative law enforcement class official. This article includes three important parts, the refining of quality, the arrangement of quality and the establishment of quality standard. This study will provide reference for the training, promotion, and evaluation of the administrative law enforcement class officials. The western developed countries generally pay attention to the quality of civil servants study. They have formed a social system and national condition characteristic concept, idea, thinking logic and argument structure. On the basis of this, the western developed countries established the civil service quality standard framework. These research results for our civil service quality studies provide important reference. At present, our country civil servant's quality construction and research still have many problems, for example, we have realized the main path of the civil service quality construction, but the general environmental factors which affect the quality construction of civil servants, such as political, administrative, organizational context and other aspects of the research is not deep enough. We also did not take into account the particularity of different categories of

  2. 基于灰色系统(GRAY)的安徽省城市生态环境质量综合评价及对策研究%Study on ecological environment quality comprehensive evaluations and countermeasures based on GRAY of Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷思友; 范君

    2015-01-01

    This study uses GRAY to comprehensively evaluate ecological environment quality of Anhui province . By comparing and sifting evaluation index according to relevant literature and constructing quality evaluation in-dex system of urban cities,the paper determines the evaluation index weight via Delph method and in combina -tion with 2013Statistical Yearbook data of Anhui province , conducts a comprehensive evaluation of its ecological environment quality and concludes the integrated sorting of urban ecological quality.The results suggest that the ecological environment quality in the southern cities of Anhui province is better while that of the northern cities is poor, especially that of coal resource-based two cities of Huainan and Huaibei which ranks last .Moreover,the paper analyzes the problems existent in those two cities and proposes corresponding countermeasures and sugges -tions.%利用灰色系统综合评价法( GRAY)对安徽省城市生态环境质量进行综合评价。通过参考相关研究文献比较筛选评价指标,构建城市环境质量评价指标体系,用Delph法确定评价指标权重,结合2013年安徽省统计年鉴数据资料,对安徽省城市生态环境质量进行综合评价,得出城市生态环境质量综合排序。研究结果表明安徽省南部城市生态环境质量较好,北部城市生态环境质量较差,尤其是安徽省两淮煤炭资源型城市生态环境质量综合排名处于最后,对两淮煤炭资源型城市生态城市建设存在的问题进行分析,并提出了相应的对策建议。

  3. 不同播期与密度对江西秋芝麻产量和品质的影响%Effects of Different Sowing Dates and Planting Densities on Yield and Quality of Autumn Sesame in Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪瑞清; 肖运萍; 魏林根; 吕丰娟; 林洪鑫; 袁展汽; 刘仁根

    2015-01-01

    The effects of different sowing dates and planting densities on the agronomic traits, economic characters, yield and quality of autumn sesame in the red-soil dryland of Jiangxi province were studied. The results indicated that sowing date had signifi-cant effects on the plant height, fruit-axis length on main stem, and single-plant dry matter weight of sesame;sesame had the high-est plant height and the biggest single-plant dry matter weight when it was sown on July 1st. Planting density had significant effects on the position of initial capsule, and fruit-axis length on main stem of sesame;when planting density increased, the position of ini-tial capsule revealed a rising trend, and the fruit-axis length on main stem showed a shortening tendency. Sowing date had signifi-cant effects on both the number of capsules per plant and the yield of sesame, and earlier sowing date was beneficial to the increase in the number of capsules per plant and the yield. Both planting density and sowing date had no significant influence on the oil con-tent in sesame. The optimum sowing date and planting density were July 10th and 450000 plant/hm2 , respectively;under this com-bined condition, the yield of sesame was the highest, being 1147.5 kg/hm2 .%在江西红壤旱地研究了播期和密度对秋芝麻农艺性状、经济性状、产量及品质的影响。结果表明:播期对芝麻株高、主茎果轴长和单株干物质重有显著的影响,其中7月1日播种的株高最高,单株干物质重最重;种植密度对始蒴部位和主茎果轴长有显著的影响,随着密度的增加,始蒴部位有升高的趋势,而主茎果轴长有缩短的趋势;播期对芝麻单株蒴果数和产量均有显著的影响,提早播种有利于单株蒴果数和产量的提高;密度和播期对芝麻含油量的影响不显著;最适宜的播期和密度组合为7月10日播种、种植密度45.0万株/hm2,在此条件下,芝麻产量最高,达1147.5 kg/hm2。

  4. Control de la calidad del diagnóstico coproparasitológico en la provincia de Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba External quality assessment in coproparasitology in Havana City Province, Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidel Angel Núñez

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio sobre la calidad del diagnóstico coproparasitológico en 77 laboratorios de la red de salud pública de la provincia Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba. El procedimiento se basó en la entrega a cada jefe de laboratorio de un modelo de encuesta, y una bolsa de nylon conteniendo 10 viales plásticos con distintos especímenes parasitarios, preservados en formaldehído al 7%. Recogidos los resultados en las primeras 72 horas después de su entrega, se realizó la evaluación mediante una escala de puntuación establecida. La mayoría de los laboratorios aprobaron (70%; sin embargo aún existen centros, sobre todo policlínicas, con calificaciones deficientes. Los municipios con resultados más desfavorables fueron, Lisa, Marianao y Habana del Este, alcanzándose mejores resultados en los hospitales que en las policlínicas. En el análisis de Protozooarios, el mejor diagnosticado fué Giardia lamblia, con solo un centro que erró al identificarlo. Las mayores dificultades se presentaron en Blastocystis hominis con 61% de fallas, Endolimax nana, con 24,6%, y Entamoeba histolytica, con 22%. Entre los helmintos, la mayor aprobación fué en Trichuris trichiura y los errores diagnósticos predominaron con Fasciola hepatica y Taenia sp., ambos con 66,2% de fallas. Dados los resultados obtenidos, hemos organizado una intervención educativa en la red de laboratorios de la provincia.An external quality assessment in coproparasitology was carried out in 77 laboratories from Havana City. A questionnaire and ten plastic vials with different intestinal parasites in a small nylon bag, duly sealed, were sent to each laboratory. Answers were collected during the 72 hours after delivery. Results were analyzed by means of a computer program. The majority of the laboratories (70% passed the test; the municipalities with the worst scores in the province were Lisa, Marianao, and Habana del Este. Better results were obtained among technologists working

  5. External quality assessment for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis antigen in Guangdong Province%广东省沙眼衣原体抗原检测的室间质量评价结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛耀华; 郑和平; 黄进梅; 吴兴中; 李美玲; 曾维英

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the performance of labotratory test on Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) antigen in sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in Guangdong Province. Methods External qual-ity assessment (EQA) had been performed annually. The detected samples were 57,475 and 675 cases respectively in 2004,2005 and 2006. Each participants of the EQA scheme should report their results, the methodological procedure, kits and instruments used. All data were statistically analyzed by Guang-dong Provincial Centre for Dermatosis and STD Control and Prevention. Results Totally 19 laborato-ries were enrolled in EQA in 2004; 71 laboratories in 2005 and 135 laboratories in 2006. The total co-incidence rate was 75.4 %,93.5 % and 91.0% respectively in 2004,2005 and 2006. There was statisti-cal difference between 2004 and 2006 in coincidence of CT detection. The laboratories using foreign kits for detection of CT were 100% in 2004,98. 4% in 2005,and 81.7% in 2006. The total coincidence rate of foreign kits was significantly higher than that of domestic kits in detection of CT. Enzyme-linked im-munosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunochromatography were the main methods in the panels. The percents were 94.7% ,98. 5% ,and 98. 6% in 2004,2005 and 2006. Conclusion EQA enables unbiased monitoring of the performance of laboratories in detection of Chlamydia trachomatis, such as specimen handling,result reporting, and regents choice. EQA helps laboratories to improve detection ability of Chlamydia trachomatis.%目的 评价广东省性病实验室检测沙眼衣原体抗原的能力.方法 每年进行一次室间质量评价.2004年发放衣原体标本57份,2005年475份,2006年675份.要求各性病实验室按照常规方法 ,在规定的时间内检测并回报结果 、所用检测方法 、试剂和仪器资料.广东省皮肤性病防治中心对各实验室的结果 进行统计分析.结果 2004年19家实验室参加质量评价,总符合率为75.4%;2005年71家,总符合率为93

  6. Monitoring results of drinking water quality in Jianhe County of Guizhou Province from 2009 to 2011%2009-2011年贵州省剑河县农村饮用水水质监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴运凤

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解贵州省剑河县农村饮用水卫生现状.方法 2009-2011年,分别于枯水期、丰水期对剑河县所辖的12个乡镇48个小型集中式供水点出厂水和末梢水进行监测.监测按照《生活饮用水标准检验方法》(B/T 5750-2006)进行,内容包括:①感官指标:标色度、浑浊度、臭和味、肉眼可见物;②一般化学指标:pH、铁、锰、氯化物、硫酸盐、溶解性总固体、总硬度、耗氧量、氨氮;③毒理学指标:氟化物、砷化物、硝酸盐;④微生物指标:菌落总数、总大肠埃希菌群、耐热大肠埃希菌群.结果评价按照《生活饮用水卫生标准》(GB 5749-2006)进行.结果 2009-2011年共采集饮用水水样192份,水质合格18份,合格率为9.38%.不同年份间水质合格率比较差异有统计学意义(x2=14.74,P<0.01).其中枯水期水质合格率(18.75%,18/%)高于丰水期(0.00%,0/96;x2=19.76,P< 0.01),出厂水水质合格率(16.67%,16/96)高于末梢水(2.08%,2/96;x2=11.95,P< 0.01).在192份水样中,感官指标和毒理学指标均合格.一般化学指标中,除4份水样pH值出现超标情况(2009年和2010年各有2份),其他检测指标都合格.微生物指标中,水样中菌落总数、大肠埃希菌群、耐热大肠埃希菌群合格率分别为77.08%(148/192)、9.90%(19/192)、20.31%(39/192).其中枯水期、丰水期微生物合格率分别为18.75%(18/96)、0.00%(0/96),枯水期微生物合格率显著高于丰水期(x2=19.76,P<0.01);水源水、末梢水微生物合格率分别为16.67%(16/96)、2.08%(2/96),水源水微生物合格率显著高于末梢水(x2=11.95,P< 0.01).结论 贵州省剑河县农村饮用水卫生现状欠佳,微生物污染是影响剑河县农村生活饮用水水质量的主要原因.%Objective To find out the hygienic status of rural drinking water in Jianhe County of Guizhou Province.Methods Forty-eight source water and tap water samples from small

  7. 2012-2015年贵州省餐饮服务节日食品月饼的安全质量分析%Analysis of Safety Quality of Catering Service Festival Food Moon Cakes in Guizhou Province from 2012 to 2015

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨勇; 黄旭玮; 杨园园; 李静峰; 黎殊; 许乾丽

    2016-01-01

    Objective To carry out the safety analysis of catering service festival food moon cakes in Guizhou Province from 2012 to 2015 and provide scientific theoretical basis for enhancing the health safety management in catering link in our province. Methods 310 batches of catering service festival food moon cakes in Guizhou Province from 2012 to 2015 were given physical testing and chemical analysis according to the national standard method, and the results were analyzed. Re-sults 310 batches of catering service festival food moon cakes in Guizhou Province from 2012 to 2015 were detected, and 9 batches of unqualified moon cakes were detected and the unqualified rate was 2.9%, and the unqualified items mainly in-cluded lead, arsenic and total acid value. Conclusion The health quality total level of catering service festival food moon cakes in Guizhou Province is good, but there are still some problems, which should arouse the highly attention of the de-partment of supervision to enhance the supervision and management of catering service food.%目的:对2012-2015年贵州省餐饮服务节日食品月饼进行安全分析,为加强该省餐饮环节卫生安全管理提供科学的理论数据。方法按照国家标准方法对2012-2015年贵州省餐饮服务节日食品月饼310批进行理化检测并对其结果进行分析。结果2012-2015年共检测节日食品月饼310批,检出不合格9批,不合格率为2.9%,不合格项目主要为铅、总砷和酸价。结论贵州省餐饮服务节日食品月饼卫生质量总体水平较好,但也存在一些问题,应引起监管部门的高度重视,加强对餐饮服务食品的监督管理。

  8. 陕西省产业结构效益与生态环境质量耦合关系研究%Study on Coup lingR elation between Industrial Structure Benefit and Ecological Environmental Quality in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文彦君; 刘嬉

    2016-01-01

    产业结构效益和生态环境质量之间的相互协调,对区域社会、经济的健康、可持续发展至关重要。选取了陕西省2004~2013年的社会经济发展和生态环境数据,通过构建模型对陕西省产业结构效益和生态环境质量的演变进行了统计分析,并综合分析了其产业结构效益和生态环境质量的耦合关系。结果表明:陕西省产业结构和生态环境质量的综合效益及协调发展水平都处于较高水平,应当引起注意的是整体协调度和生态环境质量的下降。%The relationship between industrial structure efficiency and ecological environment quality was particularly impor-tant to regional social and economic sustainable development.Based on the data for the period 2004~2013 of socio-economic de-velopment and ecological environment in Shaanxi province, the evolution and coupling relationship of Shaanxi industry structure efficiency and quality of the ecological environment were analyzed.The results showed that both comprehensive benefits of Shaanxi province industry structure and ecological environment quality and coordinated development were at a high level, but which should be noted that the degree of decline in the overall coordination and ecological environment quality.

  9. Nine Provinces Submerged

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU YUNYUN

    2010-01-01

    @@ After being plagued with severe drought earlier this year,the southern part of China has been ravaged by heavy rainfall since May. According to the China Meteorological Administration (CMA),from June 23-25 a new round of storms swept the southern part of the country including all nine provinces in the south.It was the 11th round of storms since May 5,said CMA.

  10. Variance Analysis and Integrated Evaluation on Sensory Quality of Flue-cured Tobacco in Tobacco planting Areas of Liaoning Province%辽宁烟区烤烟感官质量的差异分析和综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦敬华; 陈晓波

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to analyze the difference on the sensory quality of flue-cured tobacco in different tobacco planting areas of Liaoning Province. [ Method] With 9 tobacco planting counties as the objects, 86 samples of upper, middle and lower tobacco leaves were collected to make the variance analysis and comprehensive evaluation on the sensory quality of flue-cured tobacco in tobacco-planting areas of Liaoning Province. [ Result] Among the various tobacco planting areas, the comprehensive sensory quality score of upper leaves in Beipi-ao County was the highest, while that in Kaiyuan and Fengcheng counties were relatively lower. The total sensory assessment and comprehensive evaluation score of middle leaves in Beipiao and Kuandian counties were better and the total sensory assessment and usability and comprehensive evaluation score of lower leaves in Xifeng, Changtu, Beipiao and Jianping counties were better. Smoking quality comprehensive evaluation scores of middle leaves showed a same trend among different tobacco planting areas in 2007, 2008 and 2009 and had a increasing trend annually. The average smoking quality scores of middle leaves in all around the province had a little increase with the year. [ Conclusion] On the total, in different tobacco planting areas of Liaoning Province, the sensory quality of the flue-cured tobacco produced in Beipiao County was better and that in Fengcheng County was poor. The smoking quality of middle leaves showed a trend of increasing year by year.%[目的]分析辽宁各烟区烤烟感官质量的差异,为当地烟草生产提供理论依据.[方法]以辽宁省9个植烟县为对象,采集了烟株上、中、下部叶烟叶样品共86个,对辽宁烟区烤烟感官质量进行差异分析和综合评价.[结果]辽宁各烟区烤烟上部叶感官质量综合评价得分以北票最高,开原和凤城的综合评价得分均较低;中部叶以北票和宽甸总体感官评定和综合评价得分表现较好

  11. EFFECTS OF CLIMATIC FACTORS ON GRAIN YIELD AND QUALITY OF SUMMER CORN IN HENAN PROVINCE%气象因子对河南省夏玉米产量与品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段鹏飞; 刘天学; 赵春玲; 张学林; 李潮海

    2011-01-01

    Experiments with maize cultivar ZD958, XD20 and DH662 planting on farmland of four ecological area( YS, YE, YM and YN mean area in south part, east part, middle part and north part) in Henan province) were conducted to study the effects of climatic factors on grain yield and quality of summer maize, during 2007 and 2008. Results showed that, the order of average grain yield of maize of two years was YN > YE > YM > YS. Among them, the average grain yield of maize in YN was 708.5kg/667m2, which was much higher than that in the other ecological areas. Among four ecological area, the contents of crude starch, crude fat and lysine of grain in YE, crude protein in YN were higher, while crude protein, crude fat and lysine in YM were lower. The grain yield had positive correlation with illumination hours during the whole growth stage and illumination hours per day after silking ( r = 0. 97 and 0. 92 respectively), and had a negatively correlated relationship with total rainfall during the whole growth stage ( r = - 0. 88). The crude protein content had positively correlated relationships with illumination hours during the whole growth stage, illumination hours after silking and illumination hours per day after silking (r = 0. 76, 0. 85 and 0. 88, respectively), while the contents of crude starch, crude fat and lysine of grain had no significant correlation with climatic factors. Test showed that,sufficient illumination, illumination hours after silking and illumination hours per day after silking were the favorable factors of high-yield, high-quality grain in YN; rainfall more limited yield formation in YS; higher accumulated temperature, accumulated temperature after silking and accumulated temperature per day after silking were against crude starch, crude fat and lysine formation accumulation in YM; the air humidity higher in YE, was helpful for crude starch,crude fat and lysine formation accumulation.%以郑单958、浚单20、登海662三个

  12. 基于“天地图”的江苏省城市空气质量 PM2.5监测数据平台的设计与实现%The Design and Implementation of Jiangsu Province Air Quality of PM2 .5 Monitoring Platform Based on "Map World"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈年松

    2014-01-01

    This article provides the design and implementation of air quality in Jiangsu Province PM 2.5 monitoring platform.The PM2.5 monitoring platform is based on the "Map World"data services, access to the Jiangsu province's 72 air monitoring sites for real-time monitoring data .The completion of the platform caused the great social concern , and it is a success case of the "Map World"services in the environmental protection industry and government departments .%基于“天地图”的地图数据服务,接入了江苏全省72个空气监测站点的实时监测数据,设计和实现了江苏省城市空气质量PM2.5监测数据平台。该平台的建成引起了较大的社会关注,成为“天地图”服务于环保行业和政府部门的又一成功案例。

  13. Innovative Work Behaviour of teachers in Higher Education : An extended view; A first exploration : Paper presented at the International Scientific Nursing and Midwifery Congress Care4, Antwerp, Belgium, February 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lambriex-Schmitz, Peggy; Klink, Marcel van der; Gerken, Maike; Segers, Mien

    2015-01-01

    Within health education, many innovations are introduced, but are often not successful or sustainable. It is generally acknowledged that the quality of an educational system mainly depends on the quality of the teachers. Innovations will only succeed if teachers experience a climate that stimulates

  14. Analysis relationship between the organizational readiness for deployment of knowledge management with organizational performance by European Foundation for Quality Management Approach (Case study: The Power Distribution Company of Yazd province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Redaei

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is regarding the organizational readiness for deployment of knowledge management with organizational performance in The Power Distribution Company of Yazd province. So in this research is used the EFQM approach to verify this objective. Thus is used the enabling dimensions of this model for assess organizational readiness for knowledge management and the results dimensions of this model for provide indicators of organizational performance. StatisticalSociety of this study is the operationstaff of The Power Distribution Company of Yazd province in year 2011 that table standardMorganwas usedforcalculating thenumberofSample. For collect information is used of the questionnaire.Also is usedof the factor analysis for the validity analysis ofquestionnaire, toexaminethe relationship betweeneach of thedimensions ofknowledge managementandorganizational performanceof thePearson correlation coefficient, toinvestigate the potential ofeach of thedimensions ofknowledge managementonthe organizationalperformance predictionof the Stepwiseregressionmethod.The overall results of this study were to demonstrate that all aspects of the organization's readiness for deployment of knowledge management are significant and positive relationship with organizational performance.

  15. 实验室信息管理系统在四川省跨界断面水质资金扣缴监测工作中的应用%Application of Laboratory Information Management System in Ecological Compensation Water Monitoring of Funds Withholding for Cross -section Surface Water Quality of Min and Tuo Rivers in Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁朝旭

    2014-01-01

    This article introduces the construction goal ,construction process and operation condition of laboratory information management system (LIMS) in ecological compensation water monitoring of funds withholding for cross -section surface water quality of Min and Tuo Rivers in Sichuan Province .On the basis of practice in the last two years ,it puts forward some suggestions for the construction of LIMS in environmental monitoring field .%介绍了四川省跨界断面水质资金扣缴工作环境监测实验室信息管理系统( LIMS)的构建目标、建设过程以及运行情况,在近两年的实际应用基础上,提出了实验室信息管理系统在环境监测领域建立的几点建议。

  16. Relationship between Index of Zooplankton Amount in Lake (Reservoir) and Evaluation Standards for Water Quality ---Taking Five Lakes (Reservoirs) in Hunan Province as Example%湖(库)浮游动物数量指标与水质评价标准关系研究--以湖南省5个湖(库)为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟振宇; 陈灿; 宋伟龙; 成应向

    2013-01-01

    It surveyed the constitute of zooplankton community, the zooplankton amount and the zooplankton dominant species in different representative water qualities and functions lakes (reservoirs) in Hunan province, then using chemical evaluation index Pb/n, Shannon-Wiener diversity index and Simpson dominance index to evaluate the pollution degree of surveyed water body. The evaluation results showed that the results of water quality pollution degree evaluated by zooplankton diversity index method was accordant with that evaluated by conventional chemical comprehensive pollution index method; using zooplankton amount to evaluate water quality pollution degree had relatively better reliability, and it also can indirectly reflect water quality pollution degree. Then, the zooplankton amount and dominant species and the limit value for water quality pollution degree in lake (reservoir) in Hunan Province were determined.%对湖南省内不同水质功能代表性湖(库)的浮游动物群落组成,浮游动物数量以及优势种进行了调查研究;采用化学评价指数Pb/n、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数、Simpson优势度指数分别对目标水体的污染程度进行了评价。评价结果显示:利用浮游动物多样性指数评价湖(库)水质污染程度与常规的化学综合污染指数评价结果基本吻合;利用浮游动物数量评价水质污染程度具有较高的可信度亦能间接反映水质污染程度;在此基础上,界定了湖南省湖库浮游动物数量及优势种与水质污染程度的限值。

  17. Silicic Large Igneous Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Scott Bryan

    2007-01-01

    @@ Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are the end-product of huge additions of magma to the continental crust both at the surface and at depth. Since the first categorisation of LIPs by Coffin & Eldholm (1994), it has been recognised that LIPs are more varied inform, age and character, and this includes the recognition of Silicic LIPs. Silicic LIPs are the largest accumulations of primary volcaniclastic rocks at the Earth's surface with areal extents >0.1 Mkm2 and extrusive and subvolcanic intrusive volumes >0.25 Mkm3. The Late Palaeozoic to Cenozoic Silicic LIP events are the best recognised and are similar in terms of their dimension, crustal setting, volcanic architecture and geochemistry.

  18. Consumers’ Evaluation of Agricultural Products’ Safety and Quality Manga ement:Based on Survey in Anqiu County, Shandong Province%消费者对农产品质量安全管理体系的评价分析--基于山东省安丘市的问卷调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏毅清; 杜锐; 王志刚

    2014-01-01

    农产品质量安全问题已经成为人们关注的热点。通过对山东省安丘市消费者进行问卷调查,分析了消费者对农产品质量安全管理体系的认知和评价。对问卷结果进行了Probit回归分析,结果表明,消费者的个人特征、农产品质量信息以及对无公害农产品的购买选择对消费者的评价结果有显著影响,这些评价结果反映了农产品质量安全管理体系目前运行的现状及存在的问题。基于调查与实证分析,本文提出了相应的政策建议。%Quality and safety of agricultural products has become the focus of attention .This paper analyzes the consumers ’ cognition and evaluation of the quality and safety management system of agricultural products through a questionnaire survey of consumers in Anqiu County ,Shandong Province .The results show that person-al characteristics ,information of quality of agriculture products ,and choice of pollution-free agricultural prod-ucts have significant influence when customers are evaluating the quality management system .These evaluations reflect the faults in current quality management system .Based on the empirical analysis ,some suggestions are proposed.

  19. 云南作物生产潜力的海拔修正对耕地自然等别评价结果的影响%Influence of altitude correction of potential productivity of crops on agricultural land physical quality grade in Yunnan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖丽君; 余建新; 郑宏刚; 张建生; 刘淑霞; 巍巍

    2016-01-01

    adequate supply of water, CO2 and suitable states of other environmental factors, while climatic potential production (CPP) refers to the theoretical yield of crops taking precipitation effect into further consideration based on TPP. The “Regulation for Gradation on Agriculture Land Quality” GB/T 28407-2012 (Regulation) provides the crops’ TPP and CPP nationwide according to the reports of sowing/harvest date from all provinces, and the meteorological data of 2231 stations from the National Meteorological Administration within 30 years (1961-1990). Each county just provides one set of TPP and CPP data for appointment crop according to the meteorological data from only one station in the county, and the PP value of crop only represents the local conditions. Yunnan Province is the most prominent and representative region of stereo climate in China. There are 1669 dams with the area of larger than 1 km2 across Yunnan Province, totally covering the area of 245.35 hm2. Each county has many combined configurations of “dam-hill-mountain” with larger differences in TPP and CPP. In the first-round grading work on agricultural land quality in Yunnan Province, most of the counties use the TPP and CPP from meteorological stations representing the value of TPP and CPP of the whole county to calculate the agricultural land quality grade index, which must be very different from the actual situations. Therefore, it is particularly necessary to make altitude correction of TPP and CPP in order to ensure the objectivity and veracity of classification results in Yunnan Province. This paper is aimed to obtain the PP value of appointment crops outside the regions with meteorological stations by making altitude correction on TPP and CPP of appointment crops from county meteorological stations in plateau basin regions of Yunnan according to the “Regulation”, and to investigate its influence on agricultural land physical quality grade. This paper made an altitude correction model on

  20. 河南省东部地区煤质特征及分布规律%Coal Quality Characteristics and Distribution Rule in the East of Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王山东; 王朝晖

    2013-01-01

    Underground coal resources are abundant in the east of Henan province. It is mainly meagre coal and anthracite and a small amount of lean coal, coking coal and natural coke. The macro rock type coal is bright coal, half bright coal and semidull coal. The coal is a low ash, low sulfur; very low-low phosphorus, very low chloride and very high calorific value. It belongs to easy-medium grindabilty, middling high thermal stability, middling crushing strength and easy-to-wash coal. It is High quality fuel for Power, civil power generation. It is bounded by Duji anticline. It is given priority by lean coal in the western. But it is given priority by anthracite in the eastern. Eastern Metamorphic degree is higher than that in the west. Comprehensive appraisal on the direction and coal quality is made through coal quality characteristic and analysis on its change rule in the east of Henan province.%  河南省东部地区地下煤炭资源丰富,煤类以贫煤和无烟煤为主,还有少量的瘦煤、焦煤和天然焦。宏观煤岩类型为光亮型、半亮型、半暗型煤,为低灰、特低硫、特低-低磷、特低氯、特高热值煤,易磨-中等可磨,中高热稳定性,抗碎强度中等;属易选煤,是动力、发电和民用的优质燃料。以杜集背斜为界,西部以贫煤为主,东部主要为无烟煤,变质程度东部高于西部。通过对该区煤质特征及变化规律分析,对煤质及其利用方向进行了综合评价。

  1. Analysis the songhua river water quality index entry section of the content change in heilongjiang province%浅析黑龙江省松花江入境水质指标的变化规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡静; 白金生; 王丽娜

    2012-01-01

    The songhua fiver in heilongjiang province entry section (zhaoyuan section) choose within monito- ring stations. We dynamic monitoring water in chemical oxygen demand (cod) , the total phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen and fecal coliform bacteria number in different months. Results show that different period of river chemical oxygen demand (cod) , the total, phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen and fecal coliform bacteria quantity change trend is different. In the summer chemical oxygen demand (cod) and total p high concentration. The concentrations of ammonia nitrogen in January is the highest. Fecal coliform bacteria number in August is the largest.%在黑龙江省松花江入境断面(肇源断面)内选择监测.量,对不同月份的水体中化学需氧量、总磷、氨氮和粪大肠菌群数量的动态监测。结果表明,不同时期河流中的化学需氧量、总磷、氨氮和粪大肠菌群数量变化趋势不同,在夏季时化学需氧量和总磷的浓度较高,而氨氮的浓度在1月份较高,粪大肠菌群数量在8月份最大。

  2. 运用秩和比法对各省2008年孕产妇保健工作质量的综合评价%Comprehensive evaluation of quality of health care for pregnant women with rank sum ration method in different provinces in 2008

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭海强; 李艳鑫; 丁海龙; 曲波; 孙高

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the performance of health care for pregnant women in different provinces comprehensively and sort. Methods: The data ( including the proportion of high risk pregnant women, the rate of establishing card, the rate of systematical management, the rate of prenatal examination, the rate of postpartum visit, the rate of hospital delivery, the rate of delivering with new method,mortality of pregnant women) of quality of health care for pregnant women in different provinces in 2008 were collected, rank sum ration method was used to evaluate the performance of health care for pregnant women in different provinces comprehensively. Results: East developed regions had high score of rank sum ration, middle and west undeveloped regions had low score of rank sum ration, the phenomenons were coincidence with the status of local economical developmental level and development status of public health. Conclusion: The public health care should be enhanced in undeveloped regions, especially financial supports for maternal and child health works, in order to promote the development of health care in middle and west regions and health level of peoples.%目的:综合评价全国各省孕产妇保健工作并进行排序分档.方法:收集各省2008年孕产妇保健工作质量相关指标:高危产妇比重、孕产妇建卡率、系统管理率、产前检出率、产后访视率、住院分娩率、新法接生率、孕产妇死亡率等数据,运用秩和比法对各省孕产妇保健工作进行综合评价.结果:秩和比法评为优和良的地区绝大多数为东部经济较发达省份,而评为一般或差的地区多为经济欠发达的中西部地区,与我国的区域经济发展水平和公共卫生事业发展状况基本一致.结论:国家应加大对经济欠发达地区的公共卫生事业、特别是妇幼保健工作的财政支持,促进中西部地区的卫生事业发展和人们的健康水平.

  3. 四川省高校残疾、体弱学生的体育活动现状与对策研究%Study On The Actuality And Countermeasure About The Sports Activities Of Disabled College Students And Those With Poor Physical Quality In Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张波; 苏玲

    2011-01-01

    通过文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法,对四川省10余所高校体育教师和残疾、体弱学生进行调查,对影响残疾、体弱学生进行体育活动的态度、动机、价值及体育锻炼习惯进行分析,提出促进高校残疾、体弱学生参与体育活动的对策与方法。%By means of literature,questionnaire,mathematical statistics methods,this article makes an investigation and analysis of the effect of attitudes towards sports participation and the sport items and physical training habits of disabled college students and those with poor physical quality in the universities of Sichuan Province.Then some viable measures are suggested to promote the disabled college students and those with poor physical quality to sport participation.

  4. 健身俱乐部服务质量影响因素的研究--基于江苏省的分析%Research on Influence Factors of Service Quality in Fitness Club---Taking Jiangsu Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许彩明; 李杰杰

    2015-01-01

    运用文献资料法、问卷调查法和数理统计法,以江苏省为例,研究了健身俱乐部服务质量的影响因素。研究认为,健身俱乐部服务质量整体水平不高,俱乐部服务质量影响因素按重要性排序依次为有形性、保证性、可靠性、移情性、响应性。通过对各因子的回归分析,按重要性对其内部指标进行了排序。%Using the methods of literatures, questionnaires and mathematical statistics, based on analysis of Jiangsu province, this article studied the influence factors of fitness clubs service quality. It suggested that the overall service quality of fitness clubs was not high. The affecting factors in importance orders are followed by the tangibles, assurance, reliability, empathy and responsive-ness. Through the regression analysis on factors, the internal indicators importance order was listed.

  5. 家庭结构变迁下新农保政策与农村老人生存质量--基于陕西省A市的调查%The New Social Endowment Insurance System and Quality of Life of Rural Elderly Family Structure Change:Based on a Survey in Shaanxi Province City A

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慧君; 韩秀华

    2014-01-01

    Using data from the survey “Health and Well-being of Rural Elderly ( HWRE )” in one district of Shaanxi province conducted in 2011, this paper examines the protective effect of New Rural Social Pension on the quality of life of the rural elderly , as well the moderating effect on association of family structure and quality of life . Gender differences in the protective and moderating effect of New Rural Social Pension is also explored .Findings show that the New Rural Social Pension significantly improved the quality of life of the rural elderly and the impact exit for both male and female .However , compared with the elderly who have at least one son , the quality of life of those who are childless or have only one child is significantly lower .The New Rural Social Pension is more likely to significantly improve the quality of life of the one-child elderly .There is a gender difference in the effect of family structure on the quality of life of the rural elderly; New Rural Social Pension significantly buffers the negative effect on quality of life of elderly women with one child .%文章利用2011年陕西省A市的“农村老年人健康与福利”调查数据,评估了新型农村社会养老保险对农村老人生存质量的促进效应和对家庭结构与老人生存质量的调节效应,以及两种效应的性别差异。研究结果表明,新型农村社会养老保险显著促进了老人的生存质量,且对两性均有效。研究也发现,在当前家庭结构变迁的背景下,相比有多孩且至少一子的老人,无子女和独生子女老人的生存质量显著降低,而新型农村社会养老保险更多地改善了独生子女老人的生存质量;新型农村社会养老保险的调节效应存在性别差异,独生子女家庭与女性老人生存质量被显著调节。

  6. EQ-5D与SF-12量表在安徽省农村糖尿病患者生命质量评估中的应用%Application of EQ-5D and SF-12 scales in assessment of the quality of life in patients with diabetes in rural areas in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文娟; 刘露; 江启成

    2013-01-01

    Objective To compare EQ-5D and SF-12 scales in assessment of the effect of the quality of life in patients with diabetes in rural areas, and to explore the related factors of quality of life. Methods EQ-5D and SF-12 scales were selected to assess the quality of life of patients with diabetes in rural areas in Anhui Province. Multiple linear regression and other statistical methods were used to compare the two scales of assessment results and analyze the impact factors of quality of life. Results EQ-5D scale had obvious advantages on the feasibility and practicality, but the sensitivity was slightly lower than the SF-12. SF-12 contained more dimensions, and had higher sensitivity in the evaluation of the quality of life. Age, gender, education level, HbAlc, insulin use and medical insurance had varying degrees of impact on the quality of life of diabetic patients. Conclusions The two scales can well reflect the quality of life in patients to some extent, and the assessment results are comparable and complementary.%目的 对比EQ-5D与SF-12量表对农村糖尿病患者生命质量评估效果,探索生命质量相关影响因素.方法 采用EQ-5D与SF-12量表对安徽省农村糖尿病患者生命质量进行评估,使用多元线性回归等统计学方法对比两量表评估结果,分析生命质量影响因素.结果 EQ-5D量表具有较好的可行性与实用性,但敏感性略低于SF-12.SF-12条目与维度较多,在生命质量评价中敏感性更高.年龄、性别、文化程度、糖化血红蛋白测定值、胰岛素使用及医疗保险对糖尿病患者生命质量有不同程度的影响.结论 两量表均能在一定程度上较好地反映糖尿病患者的生命质量,其评估结果是可比和互补的.

  7. Exploration on the Experimental Implementation of Residential Engineering Quality Insurance in Hunan Province%湖南省试点推行住宅工程质量保险的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉辉

    2016-01-01

    By analyzing the status and problems of Quality Management System and Warranty system at present,this paper explores the feasibility and necessity of introducing insurance about project quality assurance mechanisms in Residential Engineering Quality Management System ,and proposes recommendations of the pilot implementation.%通过分析当前工程质量管理体系及保修制度现状及问题,探索湖南省工程质量保证机制在住宅工程质量管理体系中引入保险制度的可行性和必要性,并提出试点推行实施建议。

  8. 贵州烤烟感官评吸质量主导因子初探%Primary Studies on Main Dominant Factors of Flue-cured Tobacco Smoking Quality in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张骏; 杨征宇; 孙文梁; 高纬常

    2012-01-01

    In order to make clear the leading factors that affected smoking quality of tobacco leaf in Guizhou Procince, we collected 388 tobacco leaf samples in 2007-2009, evaluated their main chemical components, sensory quality, physical property and smoking quality. The results showed that, the smoking quality went down when the leaf was light in color, the smoking quality and total sugar, reducing sugar content decreased as the nicotine, total nitrogen and protein content increased. The factores leading smoking quality were leaf color, leaf weight, leaf density, nicotine content, sugar content, total nitrogen content, potassium content, protein content, the rate of sugar to nicotine and K/Cl.%为了明确贵州烟叶感官评吸质量主导因子,2007—2009年采集初烤烟叶样品.388份,进行化学成分分析和外观质量、物理指标鉴定,并进行感官评吸.数据统计显示,随着烟叶颜色变淡,评吸总分降低;随烟叶烟碱增加,总氮和蛋白质增加,各部位总糖、还原糖含量减少,评吸总分降低;贵州烟叶的颜色、单叶重、叶面密度、烟碱、总糖、总氮、钾、蛋白质、糖/碱、两糖比和钾/氯是感官评吸质量主导因子.

  9. 山东省东营市农产品质量安全现状、问题及对策%Situation, Problems and Countermeasures of Agro-product Quality and Safety in Dongying City in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖静

    2012-01-01

    总结了山东省东营市农产品质量安全现状和存在问题,提出了加强宣传培训,大力推进农业标准化生产,狠抓农业投入品监管,健全农产品质量安全保障体系,加大财政、政策扶持力度,推进农业组织化、规模化生产,加强农产品质量监测力度等提高农产品质量安全水平的对策建议。%This paper summarized the situation and problems of the agri-product quality and safety in Dongying city in Shandong provin ce, proposed a series of practical measures to improve the level of the agri-product quality and safety, including strengthening publicity and training, vigorously promoting the standardization of agri-product, paying close attention to supervision of agricultural inputs, improving the agri-product quality and safety system, increasing the financial and policy support, promoting the organization of agriculture and large-scale production, strengthening the monitoring efforts of the agri-product quality and safety etc.

  10. Situation of the Groundwater Quality and Agricultural Production in Henan Province%河南省地下水水质影响农业生产情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董依欣

    2015-01-01

    The groundwater plays a significant role in water supply in north China. In the past 50 years, effective irrigation areas continuously increased the yield of grain. Henan is one of the important agriculture provinces in China, water use for agriculture largely depends on diversion water from the Yellow River, it threatens the groundwater as well as the local rivers. It was found that diversion water can refresh local groundwater, whereas river polluted by irrigation and over-exploitation of groundwater result the pollution of local shallow groundwater and the decline of regional water table. In order to optimize groundwater management for high agricultural yield, water resources construction should be paid more attention to.%地下水是中国华北地区水资源的重要组成部分,决定该区域农业灌溉用水的关键。在过去的50年,有效灌溉面积不断提高了谷物的产量。河南作为中国一个重要的农业大省,农业用水主要依靠于黄河水的引黄灌溉,不仅使当地河流受到了污染,甚至威胁到了地下水。根据研究表明,调水能够改善当地地下水,然而受灌溉污染的河水和过度开采地下水会导致浅层地下水污染和地下水水位下降。为了优化农业产量高的地区地下水管理模式,水资源的建设应该受到更多的关注。

  11. Correlation of Photosynthetic Characteristics at Filling Stage with Yield and Quality of Rice in Liaoning Province%辽宁省水稻灌浆期光合特性及其与产量品质的相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩勇; 李建国; 姜秀英; 刘博; 刘军; 解文孝

    2012-01-01

    In the recent years, the rice varieties or hybrids with erect and semi-erect panicle have been planted in large scale in Liaoning Province. In this article, the correlations between photosynthetic charac teristics and yield as well as quality of rice varieties with erect and semi-erect panicle at yield formation stage were demonstrated. The photosynthetic characteristics, yield, and quality traits of 27 newly bred rice varieties in Liaoning Province were studied in two years on many locations. Results showed that there existed conic relationship between photosynthetic rate and stoma conductivity as well as evaporation rate, and there existed very significant linear relationship between photosynthetic rate and intercellular CO2 concentration. The net photosynthetic rate of leaves at middle filling stage was significant positive related with yield, and stoma conductivity and evaporation rate were positively correlated with ripened grains per panicle. Regres sion analysis indicated that the yield increased as the photosynthetic rate promoted and these two characters presented power exponential function relation.%[目的]近年来,辽宁省育成一批直立穗和半直立穗品种和杂交组合并在生产上大面积应用.本研究旨在阐明直立穗和半直立穗品种产量和品质形成期水稻叶片的光合特性及其与产量和品质的相关性.[方法]以辽宁省新育成的27个水稻品种,在两年多点条件下,对品种的光合特性、产量、产量结构和品质表现进行研究.[结果]光合速率与气孔导度和蒸腾速率呈显著的二次曲线关系,光合速率与胞间CO2浓度呈极显著的直线关系;水稻灌浆中期叶片的净光合速率与产量呈显著正相关,气孔导度和蒸腾速率与每穗成粒数成显著正相关.回归分析表明,水稻产量随着叶片光合速率的增加而提高,二者呈显著的幂指函数关系.

  12. Patients' satisfaction evaluation with the health center of elis province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karavida, Angeliki; Stamouli, Maria-Aggeliki; Balis, Charalampos

    2014-01-01

    Patient satisfaction related to the provided health services is a key indicator of the quality of the health sector. The SERVQUAL model was employed as a way of measuring the level of patient satisfaction with the services of the Health Center of Elis Province. Although certain aspects such as "Assurance" and "Empathy" meet the users' needs, improvements like a detailed medical record and an overhaul of the equipment need to be introduced.

  13. 陕西省某地方综合大学医学生人文素质教育的探讨%Exploration of the Humanistic-quality Education of Medical Students in A Local Comprehensive University in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静; 王璐; 赵君梅

    2011-01-01

    现代医学要求医学生不仅要懂得医学知识,也必须掌握更多的人文社会科学知识.地方综合性大学应根据医学教育自身的特点,利用综合大学的优势,建立起科学的医学生人文素质结构体系,挖掘医学生人文素质教育培养途径,促进医学生人文素质教育的可持续性发展.%Modern medicine requires medical students to know not only medical knowledge,but also must have more knowledge of the humanities and social sciences. According to the characteristics of their medical own education, to play advantage of multiversities, to establish of a scientific system of the human quality of the structure for medical students,excavate the humanistic-quality of education and training of medical students means, to promote medical students the sustainable development of the humanistic-quality of education.

  14. Analysis of Drinking Water Quality of Rural Residents in Jilin Province in 2012%2012年吉林省磐石市农村居民饮用水水质检测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秋慧

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the city in accordance with the “national rural drinking water safety of the eleventh five-year plan”policy, new Wells water quality situation, grasp the subsequent problems of rural drinking water engineering, put forward the solution, make sure the huimin engineering can bring benefit to the masses. Methods Collect the city in 2007 the new deep water Wells 120 samples of water quality in accordance with the national standards for sampling, testing and evaluation of water quality test results. Results 120 samples, percent of pass is 85.83%. Conclusion Our city rural drinking water quality is better, in order to guarantee rural drinking water quality, need to further strengthen the protection of water source and water supply pipe network of repair and maintenance, to establish and perfect the system and supervision mech-anism, and let the people drink water on health and safety.%目的:分析该市按照《全国农村饮水安全“十一五”规划》政策,新打水井水质状况,掌握农村饮水工程出现的后续问题,提出解决办法,确保这项惠民工程能够给群众带来实惠。方法收集该市2007年新打深水井120份水质样品按照国家标准进行采样、检测和评价水质检测结果。结果检测样品120份,合格率为85.83%。结论该市农村生活饮用水水质状况较好,为保证农村生活饮用水质量,需要进一步加强水源的保护和供水管网的维修和维护,建立健全各项制度和监督机制,让群众喝上卫生安全水。

  15. Comparison on the Quality of Life between Urban and Rural Children---Cited Rong County of Sichuan Province%城乡儿童生活质量比较--以四川荣县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏; 吴明娟; 胡又宁; 冉值祯; 周家宇; 张春; 袁洪燕; 蒋炜; 杨柯宇; 张啸龙

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To compare the quality of life between urban and rural children in Rong , Zigong, Sichuan and to have a basic understanding on the quality of life in Rong County, providing basis for the improvement of the life quality.Methods:To put forward questionnaires---a the cross-section study, in accordance with Children and Adolescents’ QOL Scale(QLSCA) by Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2002, in Xuyang Town and Wangjia Town.Results: The differences of the life quality scores have no statistical significance between urban and rural children in Rong County(P>0.05), yet the differences among the life convenience, opportunities and life environment have(P0.05).Conclusion:The urban and rural children of Rong County has no difference in the total life quality---more differences in the aspect of life environment and no significant difference in the physical and mental.%目的:比较四川省自贡市荣县儿童生活质量的城乡差异,初步了解荣县儿童的生活质量,为改善其生活质量提供依据。方法采用横断面研究,选取荣县旭阳镇及望佳镇为调查地点,利用华中科技大学同济医学院于2002年编制的《儿童少年生活质量量表》做问卷调查。结果荣县城镇与农村的儿童生活质量得分在总分上的差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),其次在生活便利性和活动机会性等维度和生活环境方面上得分的差异有统计学意义(P0.05)。结论荣县城镇与农村的儿童在总生活质量上没有差异,主要是在生活环境方面差异较大,而在生理心理上基本无差异。

  16. Analysis of the Urban and Rural Community Elderly’ s Quality of Life and Its Influencing Factors in Shandong Province%山东省城乡社区老人生命质量状况及影响因素探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董毅; 郭继志; 胡善菊

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查山东省城市、农村社区老人的生命质量状况及影响因素,为完善城乡老人的社区照护提供科学依据。方法:利用自制问卷在山东省内的12个地市分别抽取290名城市社区老人及398名农村社区老人进行社区养老服务状况和生命质量状况的访谈调查。结果:城市老人的生命质量平均得分为65.01,高于农村老人的59.79,城乡老人在经济情况、最常就诊机构选择、心理疏导方式、社会参与性、医疗服务满意度、生活满意度方面的差异存在统计学意义(P<0.05)。多重线性回归结果显示,生活自理能力、患慢病情况及社会参与性对城乡老人的生命质量均有显著性影响(P<0.05)。结论:完善社区养老服务,提供生活照料、医护保健、精神慰藉等各类支持性的养老服务项目;合理分配城乡养老资源,实现社区养老的均衡化、健康化发展,以提升社区老人的生命质量状况。%Objective: To understand the status and influencing factors of the urban and rural community elders ’ quality of life in Shandong province so as to provide the scientific basis for the improvement of the urban and rural elderly community care .Methods:A survey was conduc-ted in 290 urban community elderly populations and 398 rural community elderly populations which come from 12 areas of Shandong province with a self-designed questionnaire.Results: The score of the urban community elders’ quality of life is better than rural community elders’, urban and rural elderly populations are different in these sides including the economic situation, the choice of the most medical institutions, psychologi-cal counseling, social participation, satisfaction of medical service, life satisfaction.Multiple regressions showed that self-care ability, suffering from chronic diseases and social participation can affect all elders’ quality of life

  17. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.

  18. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.……

  19. Study on Relationship Between Main Chemical Components of Eco-organic Tobacco from Guizhou Province and Sensory Quality%贵州有机生态烟叶主要化学成分与感官质量的相关分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 王玉平; 杨辉; 张庆明; 姬厚伟; 杨超

    2013-01-01

    Main chemical components and sensory quality of 42 eco-organic tobacco samples from 6 grades and 7 production sites in Guizhou Province (Guiding, Xingyi, Tianzhu, Weining, Wuchuan, Daozhen, Zunyi) were analyzed to study relationship between main chemical components and sensory quality. The results showed that chemical components of samples of each production site were more coordination. Two sugar ratio substantially was in the appropriate range. The difference of the nicotine content between different areas was little and the nicotine and chlorine content of the upper part of leaf in the multi-region was lower. The sensory quality and tobacco comprehensive quality were better. The strength was declined, especially Zunyi, Daozhen and Wuchuan and the fragrance of the tobacco in Weining was more significant. The aroma quality, aroma quantity, flammability, gray, and smoking total score of the measured samples were highly significant negative correlation with the ratio of sugar to nicotine and the ratio of nitrogen to nicotine. The biting taste was a significant positive correlation with total sugar and reducing sugar content.%  为探索贵州有机生态烟叶主要化学成分和感官质量的关系,试验对贵州省内7个产区(贵定、兴义、天柱、威宁、务川、道真、遵义)42个样品的主要化学成分和感官质量进行分析。结果表明:各产区样品化学成分较协调,两糖比基本在适宜范围之内,烟碱含量地区间差异不大,多地区上部叶烟碱和氯含量降低。感官评吸质量较好,主要表现为劲头下降,特别是遵义、道真和务川。威宁的清香较显著,飘逸感较好。所测样品香气质、香气量、燃烧性、灰色、评吸总分与糖碱比、氮碱比均呈极显著负相关关系;刺激性与总糖、还原糖含量呈显著正相关关系。

  20. Fjve Ways to Revive Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Construction of development zones along the Liaoning Province coastline could be the next big attraction for multinational investors Though the infrastructure is still under construction, Li Wancai, Vice Governor of Liaoning Province, is highly confident about the future of

  1. Evaluation on the Quality and Effect of Measles Prevention and Control in Hunan Province, 2009-2011%湖南省2009~2011年预防控制麻疹策略质量及效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴德芳; 杨彦华; 李放军; 张淑君; 孙倩莱

    2013-01-01

    目的 评价湖南省2009~2011年预防控制麻疹策略的质量及效果.方法 通过综合分析湖南省含麻疹成分疫苗(Measles-containing Vaccine,MCV)的接种率,包括常规免疫接种率、麻疹减毒活疫苗补充免疫活动(Supplementary Immunization Activities,SIAs)和查漏补种接种率、疫苗效价监测、人群免疫成功率及抗体水平监测、麻疹监测系统资料,评价2009~2011年预防控制麻疹的效果.结果 2009~2011年,湖南省常规免疫MCV第一、第二剂报告接种率分别为99.52%、99.33%,SIAs报告接种率和调查接种率均>95%,疫苗效价均达到合格滴度,免疫成功率为89.38%,人群麻疹抗体平均阳性(≥1∶200)率78.28%,抗体几何平均滴度为1∶436.2011年发病率与2009年相比下降了97.46%,<8月龄及≥15岁的病例占全部病例的38.38%.结论 湖南省预防控制麻疹措施效果显著,应继续加强麻疹监测,保持高质量的常规免疫,并针对重点人群开展免疫.%Objective To make an evaluation on the quality and effect of strategies fo measles prevention and control in Hunan province during 2009-2011.Methods To evaluate the effects of vaccination of measles-containing vaccine (MCV) in Hunan province during 2009-2011 by analyzing the coverage rate,including coverage of routine vaccination,SIAs,catch up vaccination,surveillance of vaccine efficiency,surveillance of antibody and data from the system of Measles surveillance.Results The inoculation rate of first dose and second dose MCV in routine immunization was 99.52%and 99.33% respectively.Both reported and investigated inoculation rate of SIAs are above 95%,all vaccine efficacy reached a qualified titre.The successful immunization rate was 89.38%,average positive rate of antiboday in population was 78.28%,geometric mean titer level was 1 ∶ 436,the incidence decreased 97.46%,and cases under 8 months or above 15 years of age accounted for 38.38

  2. 吉林省留守青少年生活事件与健康素质关系研究%Study on the relationship between left-behind adolescents' life events and health quality in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金英花; 顾颜; 赵红姬; 史沙沙; 张孟玉; 崔文香

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the situation and relation between left-behind adolescents' life events and health quality,and provide scientific basis for the left-behind adolescent health quality promotion strategy.[Method] 825 leftbehind adolescents had completed the multidimensional life events rating questionnaire and the multidimensional sub-health questionnaire of adolescents.[Results] Left-behind adolescents' major life events were from family life,healthy growth and school life.Left-behind adolescents' health quality was related with such factors as gender,residence,whether they were the only children,father's education,guardian's education,contact frequency between parents and children,parent-child relationship,the relationship between teachers and students,the partnership and the academic record.The study showed there was a positive correlation between life events and health quality.The dimensions of life events which had a significant effect on the left-behind adolescent's health quality were healthy growth,the parent-child relationship and the partnership (P< 0.001).[Conclusion] Left-behind adolescents' healthy quality is influenced by the facing life events,therefore,the ability to deal with all kinds of life events and pressures should be cultivated among these left-behind adolescents.%[目的]分析留守青少年生活事件和健康素质的现状,明确生活事件和健康素质的关系,为制定留守青少年健康素质提升策略提供科学依据. [方法]采用青少年生活事件多维评定问卷、青少年亚健康多维评定问卷对825名留守青少年进行问卷调查. [结果]留守青少年的主要生活事件来源于家庭生活、健康成长和学校生活.留守青少年的健康素质与性别、居住地、是否独生子女、父亲学历、监护人学历、父母与子女的联系频率、亲子关系、师生关系、伙伴关系、学习成绩等因素有关.留守青少年生活事件与健康素质及其各维度呈

  3. 贵州省结核病防治规范管理质量评估结果分析%Analysis of the result of tuberculosis control specification management quality assessment in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁薇; 陈慧娟; 童亦滨; 雷世光; 李杨

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the quality of TB prevention and control in Guizhou.METHODS According to the assessment methods and standards issued by the Provincial Health Department,the TB control institutions of the prefectural,county,township,medical institutions were evaluated and quantitative scored.RESULTS The main target such as the total arrival rate and the cure rate of new smear positive of the work met the requirements,the quality of the target had improved and the average score of comprehensive assessment was 78.2.The different scores showed the imbalance in development work.CONCLUSION The normative understanding had enhanced through the examination.It's still necessary to further strengthen the management,treatment of TB patients the training,guidance and supervision of primary TB control staff so as to improve the quality of work.%目的 评价贵州省结核病防治工作质量.方法 用省卫生厅下发的考核方法和标准,以市为考核单位,对市、县、乡结防机构、医疗机构工作进行考核评估,并量化评分.结果 总体到位率、新涂阳患者治愈率等主要工作指标达到规定的要求,指标完成质量有提升,综合考核得分平均为78.2分.各地考核得分相差较大,工作发展不平衡.结论 通过考核,增强了规范性认识,但仍需加强对结核病病人的治疗管理,进一步提高工作质量.

  4. The effect of wetlands on the quality of water resources in the Terra Cha district of the province Lugo, Spain; Efecto de los humedales sobre la calidad de los recursos hidricos de la comarca lucense de Terra Cha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vidal Bardan, M.; Lopez Fabal, A.; Melgar Rid, J. [Escuela Politecnica Superior de Lugo, Lugo (Spain)

    1996-04-01

    The area of Terra Cha (Lugo, Spain) is famous for having soils that present high contents of organic material. In such soils are frequent umbric epipedon. As a consequence of these horizons is an alteration of quality of hydric groundwater resources. This kind of natural pollution is present under aquatic humus form and therefore they are the responsable of the yellow coulors in mentioned water. The total content of organic material and humic acids and total content of humina in the dry remanet have been characterized. (Author) 10 refs.

  5. Practice of supervision on quality assessment of unit work——case of monitoring and early-warning system of county-level construction project of non-engineering measures for flash flood disaster control in Shandong Province%单元工程质量评定监理实践——山东省山洪灾害防治县级非工程措施建设项目监测预警系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彭江; 董温荣; 吕跃; 许衡

    2012-01-01

    Based on the practice of supervision on the county-level construction project of non-engineering measures for the flash flood disaster control in Shandong Province, the establishment of the index system for the quality assessment on the unit work of the monitoring and early-warning system is introduced herein, so as to provide an feasible basis of standards for the supervision made on the quality assessment of the monitoring and early-warning system.q%结合山洪灾害防治县级非工程措施建设项目监理实践,对监测预警系统单元工程质量评定指标体系的构建进行了介绍,以便对监测预警系统实施质量评定工作提供具有可操作性的标准依据.

  6. Habitat Quality Evaluation of Hooded Crane in Dazhanhe Nature Reserve of Heilongjiang Province, China%黑龙江大沾河自然保护区白头鹤生境质量评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佰莲; 王健; 刘群秀; 田秀华

    2011-01-01

    Stratified sampling and fixed observation methods were used to investigate the spatial distribution of Hooded Crane in Dazhanhe Nature Reserve, Heilongjiang Province. Habitat selection of Hooded Crane and the importance of habitat factors were analyzed in terms of the habitat properties used by Hooded Crane, and habitat suitability was evaluated based on GIS techniques. Habitat type is the most important factor influencing the distribution of Hooded Crane with the standard Logistic regression index (S4) of 1. 443, and the second is Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) ( S3 = 1.383 ).Slope aspect (S6 =0.065 ) and patch complexity (S2 =0.208 ) do not show an important impact on Hooded Crane. Habitats with larger patch area ( Vt = 0.33), high vegetation cover ( V3 = 0.65 ) and close to water ( V9 = 0.77 ) are more frequently used by Hooded Crane. The area percentage of suitable habitat for Hooded Crane in Dazhanhe Nature Reserve is 54.5% with the most suitable habitat of 15.2%. The suitable habitats are close to fiver or marsh.%2008年3-6月和2009年3-6月,应用分层抽样和定点观察的方法,对黑龙江大沾河自然保护区白头鹤(Grus monacha)的空间分布特征进行了调查研究,并根据白头鹤分布与生境因子特征,判断白头鹤对生境因子的选择性,同时,利用GIS技术对白头鹤生境的适宜性进行了综合评价.生境类型对白头鹤活动分布的影响作用最大(S4=1.443),其次是植被指数(S3=1.383);影响最小的两个因子分别是坡向(S6=0.065)和斑块复杂性(S2=0.208).白头鹤多选择斑块面积较大(V2=0.33)、植被盖度(指数)较大(V3=0.65)、距离河流较近(V9=0.77)的区域作为生境.综合评价结果表明,大沾河湿地保护区内适宜的白头鹤生境达到54.5%,其中最适宜生境为15.2%,生境适宜区域主要位于河流及附近的沼泽区域.

  7. Characteristics of Ore Quality of Zirconium Ilmenite Deposit in Eastern Coastal Area of Mozambique——Setting 5004 C Mining Area in Zambezia Province as an Example%莫桑比克东部沿海锆钛砂矿矿石质量特征 ——以赞比西亚省5004C矿区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟令华; 崔庆岗; 孔德金; 杜小亮

    2015-01-01

    Marginal marine placer is one of the mineral resources with the most largest potentiality in the world. It is only next to oil and gas. The marginal marine placer are rich in eastern coastal areas in Mozambique, and occu-pies an important position in the world. In this paper, combining with zirconium ilmenite deposit in 5004C mining area of Zambezia province in Mozambique, characteristics of ore quality, such as ore structures, ore compositions, contents and changes have been analyzed. It wll provide favorable information for the exploration and development of zirconium ilmenite deposit in eastern coastal areas of Mozambique.%滨海砂矿是目前全球最大的潜在海洋矿产资源之一,仅次于石油与天然气. 莫桑比克东部沿海滨海砂矿资源丰富,在世界上占有重要地位. 该文结合莫桑比克赞比西亚省5004C矿区锆钛砂矿,分析矿石结构与构造、矿石物质组成、矿物含量及变化等矿石质量特征,为莫桑比克东部沿海锆钛砂矿的勘探和开发提供有利信息.

  8. The Investigation of Parents Factors Influenced on the Partial Physical Quality Qualified Rate of Preschool Children from Three to Six Years Old in Hubei Province%影响3-6岁幼儿部分身体素质合格率的父母因素的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽红; 杜忠林; 钱骏; 黄茜; 刘智

    2014-01-01

    选取2010年湖北省国民体质监测走、跑、跳身体素质指标并联系问卷中的父母因素项,统计分析各因素项中身体素质合格率的差异,探讨影响幼儿部分身体素质合格率的父母因素,以便为采取有效措施促进幼儿体质发展提供依据。结果显示,父母受教育程度为大专及以上、职业为脑力劳动类型的幼儿10m折返跑、立定跳远的合格率高,而走平衡木的合格率则以父母受教育程度为初中及以下及其他类型的劳动者高。父母参加每周1次以上体育锻炼的幼儿,以上这些身体素质的合格率都较不参加体育锻炼的父母的幼儿高。结论认为,鼓励幼儿父母参加体育锻炼、提高其体育锻炼及社会文化认知也是不可忽略的促进幼儿体质的干预手段之一。%Using the statistic method to analyze the differences between the data of partial physical quality rate of preschool children in different questionnaire items about the parents in 2010 year physical fitness surveillance in Hubei Province to investigate the parents factors influenced on the partial physical quality qualified rate of preschool children from three to six year old in Hubei Province, as to provide the truth to take the efficient measures to improve the physical fitness. Results: The preschool children whose parents are in the high level of education or mental workers are in the high physical quality qualified rate in standing long jump and 10m reentry run, but the qualified rates in walking the balance beam of preschool children whose parents are in the high level of education or other type workers are higher. The preschool children whose parents'frequency of physical exercise in a week is above one are in the higher physical quality qualified rate than below. Conclusion: Encouraging the parents to participate in physical exercise, as well as improving the cognition of their physical exercise and social cultural, that maybe

  9. Yihuang Opera of Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    JIANGXI Province hosts many mountains and rivers. Wherever you stroll on the winding mountain passes or sail along rivers, you will hear a kind of local opera similar to the sounds of Beijing opera. That is Yihuang opera. In fact, Jiangxi is considered a birth-place of Chinese opera. Opera was at its

  10. 豫南大别山区不同海拔高度茶树主要品质成分变化%Variation of Quality Components of Tea Tree at Different Altitude in Dabie Mountain Area of Southern Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 张艺成; 武文文

    2014-01-01

    The compositions of tea tree are analyzed by biochemical analysis and HPLC at different altitude in Dabie Mountain area of southern Henan province .The results show as follows :water extract 44 .52% ~46 .99% ,tea polyphenol 25 .49% ~30 .03% ,catechin 208 .49~234 .18 mg · g -1 ,amino acid 3 .86% ~4 .81% ,soluble sugar 4 .61% ~5 .22% ,chlorophyll 11 .26~1 .98 mg · g -1 ,caffeine 3 .11% ~3 .72% .The tea quality increases with alti-tude increments ,and the best quality is at 700 m altitude .%采用生化分析和高效液相色谱法,分析了豫南大别山区不同海拔高度茶树的主要成分。结果表明,其主要品质成分的含量为:水浸出物44.52%~46.99%(质量分数,以下同),茶多酚25.49%~30.03%,儿茶素208.49~234.18mg·g -1,氨基酸3.86%~4.81%,可溶性糖4.61%~5.22%,叶绿素1.26~1.98mg·g -1,咖啡碱3.11%~3.72%。综合分析,随海拔高度的升高,茶叶品质逐渐提升,海拔700 m处的茶叶品质最佳。

  11. Investigation of Characteristics for Yield and Quality of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val.from Sichuan Province%川产莪术植株产量与品质特性的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘愿; 程方叙; 张兴国; 张川钱

    2011-01-01

    [目的]调查川产莪术植株各部位生物学产量,初步研究其资源品质特性,为茎叶资源的开发利用提供科学依据.[方法]在主产区随机采集川产莪术代表性植株,以植株不同部位为试验研究材料,应用《中华人民共和国药典》及文献中的品质检测方法,调研川产莪术植株产量并检测品质特性.[结果]植株每窝二母姜(莪术)干品平均产量为224.44g,其中茎叶光合产物、脂溶性组分、蛋白质积累量分别占植株资源总量的40.61%、42.05%、38.06%,以叶片的脂溶性组分含量(2.897%)最高;川产莪术植株的灰分含量均符合《中华人民共和国药典》(2010版,二部)莪术、郁金要求.[结论]川产莪术植株茎叶为可利用的优良资源,建议在主产区川产莪术植株枯萎前采收,对茎叶加以回收利用,以提高川产莪术植株的产油率或用作饲料.%[Objective]To study the yield of different parts of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. From Sichuan and make preliminary study on different resource quality characteristics so as to provide scientific basis for the development and utilization of the stems and leaves resources. [ Methods]To investigate the yield of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. From Sichuan and detect quality characteristics with quality identification methods recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia and some literature, different parts of the representative plants picked rando mly from the main production area Sichuan were regarded as experimental materials. [ Result]The average yield of dried goods is 224.44 g,among which photosynthates in stems and leaves, fat-soluble ingredients,protein yields account for 40.61% ,42.05% and 38.06% of the total resource,respectively. The content of fat-soluble ingredients in leaves was the highest at 2.897%. The ash content was all fulfilled the requirements on RADIX CURCUMAE of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010 Edition II). [ Conclusion ] Stems and leaves of Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. From

  12. 海南疗养的异地老人疗养前后生命质量及日常生活能力比较%Investigation on the life quality and health status of the ecdemic seniors after recuperation in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙登毅; 符秀梅; 金水晶; 吴亚丹; 文国强; 陈涛; 吴玲; 苏庆杰; 梁培日; 钟书辉

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To discuss the effect of winter environment in Hainan Province on the life quality and health status of the ecdemic seniors by observing the results before and after recuperation and to provide some data for arranging the "migratory seniors" . METHODS Based on randomized sampling, selected 710 ecdemic seniors with age≥65 years from sanitariums and senior apartments in Haikou and Sanya Districts from 2007 to 2010, and recuperated for 3 months. Investigated the following indexes such as blood fat, hemorheology, blood sugar, blood pressure, weight and vital capacity by SF-36 Scale and ADL scale to assess their physiological and psychological health status. RESULTS The scores of life quality after the recuperation were higher than those before recuperation, especially for those with chronic diseases.There were significant differences in ADL scores before and after recuperation. The differentiations of blood fat, hemaorheology, blood sugar, blood pressure, weight and vital capacity were statistically significant. CONCLUSION The life quality and health status of ecdemic seniors are increased after recuperation in Hainan Province, suggesting that the winter environment in Hainan is of great benefit to ecdemic seniors and Hainan has an advantage on winter recuperation.%目的 通过对冬季来海南疗养的异地老年人群疗养前后生活质量及健康状况变化的评价,探讨海南冬季自然环境对异地老年人群生活质量、健康状况的影响,为“候鸟人群”安置事业提供一定的科学依据.方法 采用整群随机抽样的方法,抽取2007~2010年间海口、三亚地区各个疗养院、老人公寓的异地疗养的老年人(≥65岁)共710名,疗养时间3个月.利用SF-36量表、ADL量表进行面对面调查,对疗养前后体检及化验指标:血脂、血流变学、血糖、血压、体重、肺活量进行观察,评价其生理、心理健康状况.结果 异地年人海南疗养后生活质量得分高于疗

  13. Analysis on Sanitary Quality of Hemodialysis Water in Hospitals of Hunan Province During the Period of 2009 - 2011%湖南省2009-2011年医院血液透析用水卫生质量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞浩; 吴传业; 黄涛; 陈彦华; 胡冀; 杨新文

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解近3年湖南省医院血液透析用水的卫生状况,为血透用水卫生质量的规范化管理提供科学依据.方法 于2009-2011年先后采集湖南省的77家不同等级医院的血液透析用水样品,按照《血液透析用水卫生标准》进行理化指标、微生物指标的检测分析和判定.结果 血透用水中氯化物、钙、氯胺、内毒素和菌落总数等超标率分别为11.7%、2.6%、2.6%、23.4%、1.3%,其他项目均合格.三甲医院和非三甲医院透析用水合格率差异无统计学意义.结论 影响湖南省血液透析用水卫生质量的主要因素是氯化物和内毒素,定期监测、及时更换水处理设备组件、加强输配水管路的清洗消毒等措施是提高血液透析用水水质的关键.%Objective To investigate the sanitary quality of hemodialysis water among hospitals of Hunan Province in the past 3 years, and to provide a scientific basis for the standardized management of hemodialysis water. Methods The samples of hemodialysis water were collected from 77 different levels of hospitals in Hunan Province from 2009 to 2011. Physicochemical and microbial indexes of the samples were measured and judged according to Sanitary Standard for Hemodialysis Water. Results The disqualification rates of chloride, calcium, chloramine, esotoxin and total number of bacterial colony were 11. 7%, 2.6%,2.6%, 23.4%, and 1.3%, respectively. The other inspection items were qualified. But the qualified rates showed no statistically significant difference between 3A grade hospitals and other grades hospitals. Conclusions The main influencing factors for sanitary quality of hemodialysis water in Hunan are chloride and esotoxin. The key measures to improve the quality of hemodialysis water are to monitor regularly, replace water treatment device in time, wash and disinfect the water pipes.

  14. Comparative Analysis on Fruit Qualities of Litchi Varieties from Guangdong Province%广东省17个不同荔枝品种果实品质比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温靖; 徐玉娟; 肖更生; 吴继军; 陈于陇; 余元善

    2016-01-01

    Fruits of 17 litchi cultivars were used as materials for studying the fruit quality, main contents, physical﹣chemical properties, and nutrients. Results showed that Baila,Jizui,Zhenzhu,Guiwei,Nuomici, and Baitangyin were appropriate varieties for litchi juice processing due to its excellent color and lustre, typical litchi flavor, appropriate sugar acid ratio, and low browning level during the thermal treatment.%以17个荔枝品种的果实为试材,利用常规的加工特性分析方法,进行了果实的理化指标和营养成分分析。结果表明,17种荔枝品种中白腊、鸡嘴、珍珠、桂味、糯米糍和白糖罂6个品种的色泽良好,具有典型的荔枝风味、糖酸比适宜、热处理褐变程度轻,是最适宜加工果汁的优良品种。

  15. Regional Distribution of Cotton Fiber Quality in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The fiber quality status is very important for super quality cotton production and diverse requirements of textile industry in China.In this study,the quality of cotton fiber samples which are collected from 13 major cotton production provinces between 2001 to 2005 were analyzed.Eight quality traits

  16. 贵州草海高原湿地浮游动物群落结构与水质评价%Zooplankton Community Structure and Water Quality Assessment of Caohai Plateau Wetland, Guizhou Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡国俊; 周晨; 林艳红; 喻理飞; 安苗

    2016-01-01

    Zooplankton plays an important role in aquatic ecosystems and biological productivity at the base of the food chain since they eat phytoplankton, bacteria and detritus, and provide food for fish and other aquatic organisms. The community structure and succession of zooplankton are greatly affected by the physical-chemical factors in waters. Knowledge of zooplankton community dynamics and its relationship with environmental factors is crucial in understanding the changes in aquatic ecosystems. Caohai is one of the three Plateau Freshwater Lakes in China, with a good natural location in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, playing an essential part in regional ecosystem balance .However, since the lake was restored in 1982, there have been only two reports published thus far professionally about zooplankton community in Caohai Lake, information of zooplankton community dynamics and its relationship with environmental factors in Caohai seems rather limited. Investigation and research on zooplankton community to fill the lack of information on zooplankton community in Caohai Lake is necessary and urgent. In order to explore the characteristics and long-term changes of zooplankton community structure, status of water quality, and their relationships with environmental factors in Caohai Lake, we investigated the species composition, density, spatial distribution of zooplankton and water quality parameters in Caohai Lake in Summer and Autumn, 2014. There were 151 species identified which belonging to 83 genera, including 60 Protozoa belonging 31 genera, 55 Rotifera belonging to 26 genera, 18 Copepoda belonging 15 genera, and 18 Cladocera belonging 11 genera. Dominant species included 3 Copepoda, 1 Protozoa and 1 Rotifera, the main dominant species was Sinodiaptomus sarsi of Copepoda;The significant spatial heterogeneity environment caused the low Shannon-Wiener diversity index and Margalef richness index, they both were 1.14 and 0.47 respectively. There was a significant variation

  17. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ziyun; PENG; Dantong; LI; Rui; CHEN; Min; QIAN; Yiqi; CHEN; Hongjun; YANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant,it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then,it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate,location and price advantages,but due to lack of product standard,it is difficult to guarantee quality,and there are certain market risks. Finally,it put forward recommendations for development of aromatherapy industry:( 1) taking full advantage of preferential policies to set up leading enterprises and realize radiated development;( 2) bringing into play of resource advantages and introducing capitals and technologies;( 3) Fostering market and driving the industrial development.

  18. Quality of Life and Influence Factors in Adults with Epilepsy in Central Area of Zhejiang Province%浙中地区成人癫痫患者生活质量现状调查及规范化治疗对其影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴慧敏; 余智; 劳强和

    2014-01-01

    目的调查和分析浙中地区成人癫痫患者生活质量的现状及规范化治疗对其影响,为全面提高成人癫痫患者的生活质量提供理论依据。方法采用癫痫患者生活质量量表-31(quality of life in epilepsy inventory-31,QOLIE-31)对85例临床确诊的特发性或隐源性成人癫痫患者和60例正常对照者进行评估分析,之后对其中52例成人癫痫患者进行规范化治疗,3个月后再次评估其生活质量并进行前后对比。结果成人癫痫患者生活质量(quality of life,QOL)得分低于正常人群,差异有统计学意义(<0.05);经规范化治疗3个月后患者在发作担忧、情绪健康、认知功能、药物影响和QOL总分方面得分较治疗前明显提高,差异有统计学意义(<0.05)。结论成人癫痫患者生活质量较正常人群明显降低;规范治疗可提高患者的生活质量。%Objective According to the inquiry and analysis of Central Area Zhejiang province adult epileptics's living condition and its af ected factors, we provide theoretic evidences to comprehensively improve epileptics's living condition. Methods We compared 85 clinical definite cases who were idiopathic or essential epileptics with 60 cases normal control group through the quality of life in epilepsy inventory-31 (QOLIE-31).Afterwards, standardization treatment was applied to the 52 adult epileptic cases, and we evaluated their quality of life again three months later. Results According to the research, the score of the adult epileptic quality of life is lower than the normality ( <0.05). what's more ,the scores in the misgivings of paroxysm, the emotional health, the cognitive function, the pharmic influence and the QOL score are markedly increased to the pretherapy patients after 3-month standardization treatment ( <0.05). Conclusion [1]adulte epileptic living condition are dramatic decline compare to the normality;[2]Whether the standardization treatment could improve the quality of

  19. THE EVALUATION OF THE GEOCHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT QUALITY OF SHALLOW UNDERGROUND WATER IN EAST SHANDONG PROVINCE%山东省东部地区浅层地下水地球化学特征及环境质量评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代杰瑞; 王存龙; 庞绪贵; 曾宪东; 陈磊; 郑伟军

    2012-01-01

    Geochemical characteristics of 29 elements or indicators which had been analyzed and tested were studied in this paper on the basis of the shallow groundwater data obtained from the agro-ecological geochemical survey in eastern Shandong Province, the results show that several indicators ( such as Mo, Pb, Mn, Fe, Cl- , NO2- and total hardness) in the shallow groundwater of the study area have changed significantly, which has led to the deterioration of local groundwater quality. Other indicators have changed relatively insignificantly and are evenly distributed in the shallow groundwater. In the light of the Quality Standard for Groundwater and Standards for Drinking Water Quality, the authors made single factor and integrated environmental quality evaluation of local shallow groundwater. The results show that the area of shallow groundwater unsuitable for direct drinking accounts for 44. 88% , the integrated environmental quality is relatively poor, groundwater pollution occurs in such areas as major cities, industrial and mining enterprises as well as their surrounding districts. Single indicator groundwater pollution assumes point-like or linear distribution, the exceesive indicators include total hardness, total dissolved solids, potassium permanganate index, NO2- , Cl- , F- , Mn, Fe etc. The studies were focused on the formation mechanism of high-density fluorosis in shallow groundwater, and the result provides a basis for prevention and treatment of fluorosis in the study area.%以山东省东部地区农业生态地球化学调查中浅层地下水数据为基础,对分析测试的29项指标的地球化学特征进行了研究.调查区浅层地下水中,Mo、Pb、Mn、Fe、Cl-、NO2-、总硬度等含量变化较大,导致局部水质变差;其他指标含量变化较小,在浅层地下水中分布均匀.参照我国地下水质量标准和生活饮用水质量标准,对本区浅层地下水进行了单因子与综合环境质量评价,该

  20. 海南三甲医院医护人员慢性疲劳与睡眠质量相关分析%Correlation analysis on chronic fatigue and sleep quality of doctors and nurses in third-grade class-A hospital of Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高允锁; 王小丹; 杨威科

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解海南省三甲医院医护人员慢性疲劳现况及其与睡眠质量的关系,为早期诊断慢性疲劳和寻找有效的预防措施提供科学依据.方法 采用横断面研究的方法,用多级随机抽样的方法抽取1 042名医护人员,用疲劳量表14(FS-14)和睡眠质量量表(PSQI)进行测评.结果 FS-14总平均得分为(7.43±3.04)分,慢性疲劳的发生率为38.77%(404/1042),躯体疲劳得分(4.79±2.31)分,脑力疲劳得分(2.63±1.40)分;躯体疲劳、脑力疲劳、疲劳总分与PSQI各因子分的相关分析表明,均呈正相关,其差异有统计学意义(r=0.22~0.43,P<0.05);多重线回归分析表明,日间功能障碍、睡眠障碍、睡眠效率、睡眠质量与疲劳呈正相关.结论 医护人员慢性疲劳与睡眠质量有关,睡眠质量越低,慢性疲劳程度越高.所以应保证医护人员的充足睡眠,以提高工作效率.%[Objective] To understand the relationship between chronic fatigue and sleep quality of doctors and nurses in thirdgrade class-A hospital of Hainan Province,provide scientific basis for the early diagnosis and effective prevention of chronic fatigue.[Methods] With the cross-sectional study,1042 doctors and nurses were collected by the multistage random sampling,and were assessed by the Fatigue scale-14 (FS-14) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI).[Results] The total scores of FS-14 was (7.43±3.04),the incidence of chronic fatigue was 38.77% (404/1 042),and the scores of body fatigue and mental fatigue was (4.79±2.31) and (2.63±1.40) respectively.The body fatigue scores,mental fatigue scores and total scores of FS-14 were positively correlated with the PSQI factor scores,and the differences were statistically significant (r=0.22-0.43,P<0.05).The multiple linear regression analysis showed that the daytime dysfunction,sleep disorders,sleep efficiency,sleep quality were positively correlated with the fatigue.[Conclusion] The chronic fatigue is correlated

  1. El impacto del divorcio en la calidad de vida de los niños de 8 a 12 años de edad en la provincia de Alicante Impact of divorce on quality of life in children aged 8-12 years in the province of Alicante (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mireia Orgilés

    2011-12-01

    seven randomly-selected schools in the province of Alicante. Of the total sample, 861 children had married parents and 164 had divorced parents. The children completed the Child Health and Illness Profile-Child Edition and those with divorced parents also provided information on the current relationship between their parents. Results: Quality of life was higher in children with married parents than in those with divorced parents, with higher scores in all dimensions. Children who reported conflict between their parents after the divorce had worse quality of life. Conclusions: These results confirm significant differences in quality of life according to family structure and revealed the relationship between children's self-perceived health and interparental conflict after divorce. We emphasize the importance of health professionals in providing guidance to divorced parents on preventing their children's health problems and facilitating adaptation to the new family situation.

  2. Current Development Situation,Problem and Countermeasures on Tilapia Seed Industry in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gaozhong; JIANG; Fei; SUN; Qun; LI; Quanfu; ZHONG

    2013-01-01

    As one of the four main production areas of China’s tilapia farming,Fujian province plays a critical role in China’s tilapia industry development."Quality seed makes the industry a half success",therefore,the study on seed industry has a very important significance for the development of tilapia industry.Based on the field survey,study and analysis,we found that there is abroad prospect of the seed industry development in Fujian province.However,in recent years,some problems has emerged during the development process,such as the serious germplasm degeneration,frequent disease occurrence,etc.,which to some extent has restricted its further development.Establishment of tilapia seed production base,financial support and quality and security system should be strengthened,so that the tilapia seed industry in Fujian province will get better development.

  3. Stylizing Standard Dutch by Moroccan Boys in Antwerp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaspers, Jurgen

    2006-01-01

    This article examines ethnographic data that show Belgian adolescents of Moroccan descent stylizing Standard Dutch. Analysis addresses the importance of this variety in Belgian-Flemish society and in the school these boys attended, and shows how in interviews with Moroccan boys the hegemonic status of this variety is generally accepted. In…

  4. Comparative Analysis of the Course of Rural Urbanization and Urban Modernization——A Case Study of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    According to the relevant data in Jiangsu Province during the period 2000-2005,this article conducts comparative analysis of the course of rural urbanization and urban modernization using factor analysis method and principal component analysis method.The results show that the factors influencing the course of rural urbanization and urban modernization in Jiangsu Province can be summarized as 3 common factors(economic urbanization,social urbanization,urbanization of life quality and environment);economic urbanization is still the main factor influencing the course of rural urbanization and urban modernization;social urbanization,urbanization of life quality and environment also have great impact on the course of rural urbanization and urban modernization.Finally this article draws the conclusion that the difference between rural urbanization and urban modernization in Jiangsu Province will be gradually reduced,and Jiangsu Province should achieve balanced development in urban and rural areas.

  5. Food quality and safety in export fresh fruit horticultural products: Implying in the labor process of agribusiness related to sweat citrus fruit in Entre Rios province Calidad y seguridad alimentaria en productos frutihortícolas frescos de exportación: Implicaciones en los procesos laborales de la agroindustria de cítricos dulces de Entre Ríos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidia Tadeo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the early 1990s the world market increases the demand of fresh fruit horticultural products in order to satisfy customers who require standardised products and "just in time" delivery. Meanwhile a great number of food quality and safety regulations are developed which are also concerned in workers wellfare, prohibition of children work and inverorment protection. This article shows the results of a study about citrus fruit and agribusiness related to citrus fruit in Entre Rios province, the main sweet citrus fruit producer in Argentina . Such study deals with food quality and health features of export sweet citrus fruit which are sent to other counter-seasonal markets. We use qualitative information gathered in the years 2005 and 2006 by means of direct survey to packaging export companies, citrus producers, entreproneurs, harvest workers and packaging workers. We add statistic information in this study, as well.A comienzos de 1990 el mercado mundial incrementa la demanda de productos frutihortícolas en estado fresco, destinada a satisfacer a consumidores que requieren productos estandarizados y envíos "just in time". Simultáneamente, aparecen numerosas normas de calidad y seguridad alimentaria, públicas y privadas, tendientes a la obtención de productos sanos e inocuos, a la vez que se interesan por la protección de los trabajadores, prohibición del trabajo infantil y cuidado del medio ambiente. Este artículo presenta resultados de un estudio de caso referido a la agroindustria de cítricos de la provincia de Entre Ríos, principal productora de cítricos dulces del país. Se indaga en los criterios de calidad y sanidad alimentaria en cítricos dulces de exportación a mercados de contraestación y su repercusión en los procesos de trabajo. Utilizamos información cualitativa obtenida en los años 2005 y 2006 (encuestas directas a empresas empacadoras exportadoras, entrevistas en profundidad a productores citrícolas, empresarios

  6. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the more communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing. So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. The qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make different impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of scenic spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyze the existing problems on translation of the names from the persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions are proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  7. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the mor communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. Th qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make differen impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of sceni spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyz the existing problems on translation of the names from th persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions ar proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  8. 不同氯化钾施用量对陇中地区马铃薯产量和品质的影响%Effect of Potassium Chloride Fertilizer Application Rate on Yield and Quality of Potato in Central Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚成文; 冯守疆; 赵欣楠; 马忠明; 杨君林

    2015-01-01

    Field experiments of different application rates of KCl were conducted in 2010 at Lanzhou and Dingxi Cities to determine the reasonable application rate of KCl in the main area of potato cultivation in Gansu Province. Tuber number per plant, tuber yield per plant, marketable tuber percentage, rotted tuber percentage, tuber yield and quality were determined under different application rates. The results indicated that increasing potassium application rate improved tuber number per plant, tuber yield per plant, marketable tuber percentage, tuber yield, dry matter content, crude starch content and reducing sugar content based on N 120 kg/ha, P2O5 60 kg/ha and K2O 0-84 kg/ha, but rotted tuber percentage and vitamin C content decreased. The tuber number per plant, tuber yield per plant, marketable tuber percentage, tuber yield, dry matter content and crude starch content were the highest, and rotted tuber percentage was the lowest with the application of K2O 84 kg/ha. So it was proved that reasonable application of KCl could be 36-84 kg/ha based on N 120 kg/ha and P2O5 60 kg/ha in the main areas of potato cultivation in Gansu Province.%为了确定陇中地区马铃薯生产中氯化钾的合理用量,于2010年在甘肃兰州和定西两地进行了不同氯化钾施用量试验,测定了马铃薯单株块茎数、块茎重、大中薯率、烂薯率和薯块产量,分析了不同用量下马铃薯品质。结果表明,在施N 120 kg/hm2和P2O560 kg/hm2的基础上,K2O用量在0~84 kg/hm2的范围内,随着钾肥施入量的增加,单株块茎数、块茎重、大中薯率和薯块产量以及马铃薯干物质、粗淀粉和还原糖含量不断提高,而烂薯率明显减小,维生素C含量不断下降;且在钾肥施入量为84 kg/hm2时,单株块茎数、块茎重、大中薯率和薯块产量以及马铃薯干物质、粗淀粉含量最高,而烂薯率最低。因此,甘肃马铃薯主产区马铃薯生产过程中,在施纯N 120 kg

  9. Variations of Parameters of Wheat Processing Quality of Cultivars Released from 2001-2014 in Sichuan Province%四川省2001-2014年审定小麦品种加工品质参数变化规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔媛媛; 郑亭; 郭祯儒; 曹永立; 韩雅楠; 陈晨; 祁鹏飞

    2016-01-01

    【目的】对四川省农作物品种审定委员会2001-2014年审定的124个小麦品种的加工品质变化规律进行分析,有利于全面认识四川小麦加工品质现状,为下一步品质育种提供参考。【方法】根据小麦品种品质分类标准GB/T 17320-2013,分析区试中各个品种在四川省井研县和荣县加工品质参数的平均值。【结果】124个品种粗蛋白质含量(%)、湿面筋含量(%)、Zeleny沉降值(mL)和稳定时间(min)的均值分别为13.98±1.08、29.18±4.16、33.72±9.41和3.79±2.01。审定品种的粗蛋白质含量和湿面筋含量均值较高,达到中强筋并接近强筋水平。Zeleny沉降值均值处于中筋水平。稳定时间均值偏低,接近弱筋水平。达到优质强筋、中强筋、中筋和弱筋标准的品种分别有2、6、41和5个,占审定品种的1.61%、4.84%、33.06%和4.03%。达到强筋、中强筋和中筋小麦品种的稳定时间均偏向标准的下限。以2001-2005、2006-2010和2011-2014三个时间段分析品种的品质参数,发现粗蛋白含量和湿面筋含量平均值递减。粗蛋白含量从14.19%递减到13.78%;湿面筋含量从31.68%递减到27.70%。沉降值和稳定时间随时间递增,沉降值从30.07 mL递增到36.88 mL,稳定时间从3.42 min增加到4.31 min。聚类分析表明所有审定品种按以上四项品质指标聚为五类,各种筋力水平的品种可被清晰分开。【结论】四川省审定小麦品种在井研和荣县的品质表现以中筋为主,但稳定时间偏低,延长稳定时间有发展强筋和中强筋小麦的潜力,降低蛋白质含量具有发展弱筋小麦的潜力。%[Objective]Following the national standard GB/T 17320-2013,we analyzed the variations of processing quality of 124 wheat cultivars released from 2001-2014 by the cultivar certification committee of Sichuan province. This research would be helpful to understand the present situation of

  10. Research on the Construction of the Quality Assessment System of The Sunshine Sports Project of School——Take the High School in Sichuan Province as the Research Object%构建学校阳光体育工程质量评估体系的研究——以四川省中学为研究对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦勇; 鲁飞; 李小刚; 张艳群

    2012-01-01

    By adopting the methods of literature document,questionnaire investigation expert interview...etc.to investigate of the present conditions of the 55 high schools to developed The Sunshine Sports Project in Sichuan province.The results showed:Majority of schools has developed Sunshine Sports to exercise,but total unbalance,situation didn't form to continuously develop,investigate its basic reason to lie in having never built up quality to investigate a mechanism.Therefore,The school is the corpus object of the Sunshine Sports Project quality valuation,science sets up the Sunshine Sports Project quality in school valuation index sign system,Should follow the basic principle of the "Assessing and to assessment and reform,combined with evaluation and construction,focusing on building";Should adhere to principle of the scientific and systematic,versatility and compatibility,and incentive-oriented,concise and operational;The system should cover the organization and management,security conditions,evaluation mechanisms,Students four specific evaluation index system and a feature of the index.Sunshine Sports to grow an effect mechanism.%运用文献资料法、问卷调查法、专家访谈法和数理统计法等研究方法,对四川省55所中学开展阳光体育工程的现状进行调查研究。结果显示:多数学校开展了阳光体育运动,但是发展不平衡,总体看尚未形成持续开展的局面,究其根本原因在于没有建立质量考核机制。为此,本课题确立学校是实施阳光体育工程质量评估的主体对象,提出科学构建学校阳光体育工程质量评估体系应遵循"以评促建、以评促改、评建结合、重在建设"的基本方针;应坚持科学性与系统性、通用性与兼容性、导向性与激励性、简明性与可操作性相结合的基本原则;应涵盖组织管理、条件保障、评价机制、学生体质四大基本考核指标体系和一个特色指标体系。

  11. Current Situation of Farmers’ Specialized Cooperatives in Hainan Province and Development Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanzhen; ZHANG; Huide; HUANG

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the distribution, membership structure and industrial structure of farmers’ specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out some problems in farmers’ specialized cooperatives in Hainan Province, such as small scale, low ability to resist risks, lack of standardization in operation, and generally low quality of cooperative members. Finally the following development strategies are put forth: promoting the large scale and standardized development of farmers’ specialized cooperatives; enhancing institutionalized education and training for members; encouraging university graduates to work in the cooperatives; providing conventional credit support to cooperatives; increasing fiscal efficiency to support cooperatives.

  12. Chronic patient care at North West Province clinics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire van Deventer

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chronic illnesses are a significant burden to the health services in South Africa. There is a specific national health plan whereby chronically ill patients who are acceptably controlled should be managed at clinic level. The perception has emerged that the management of primary care has not been optimal in the Southern District of the North West Province. This provided the motivation to initiate this research, namely consideration of chronic patient care at clinics in the North West Province of South Africa.Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at four randomly selected clinics covering four sub-districts in the Southern District (North West Province. This was done using charts and registers at the clinics. Inclusion criteria were patients older than 18, and presenting with the following chronic illnesses: asthma/chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD, hypertension, diabetes and epilepsy. The major focus areas were the regular assessment of the patients, the level of control of the illness and the use of the Essential Drugs List and Standard Treatment Guidelines (EDL/STG.Results: In the cases of all the chronic illnesses it was found that regular assessments were poorly done, with asthma (peak flow measurements being the most poorly done. Control was generally less than 50% for all the illnesses, although the EDL was followed fairly well by the personnel at the clinics.Conclusion: In the light of the burden of chronic illness the results give cause for great concern about the quality of care for chronically ill patients, and reasons were sought for some of the poor results. A subsequent decision was taken to carry out comprehensive quality improvement projects on each of the illnesses over the following five years.

  13. Prevalence of urinary incontinence and stress urinary incontinence on quality of life among female workers in Baoding Railway of Hebei Province%河北省保定铁路女职工尿失禁患病率及压力性尿失禁对生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳娟; 乔君; 闫华

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨河北省保定市铁路女职工尿失禁患病率及压力性尿失禁(SUI)对生活质量的影响.方法 于2010年11月—2011年11月对保定铁路系统20岁以上女职工,采用整群抽样的方法,进行现场问卷调查,对SUI患者进行生活质量现场问卷调查及尿液常规分析检查.结果 获得有效问卷1368份.调查结果显示,尿失禁患病率为34.62%(474/1368),其中SUI患病率为21.64%(296/1368),急迫性尿失禁3.80%(52/1368),混合性尿失禁9.21%(126/1368),尿失禁的患病率及不同类型尿失禁的患病率随年龄的增长而逐渐增加.不同程度的构成比为:轻度46.96%(139/296),中度29.73%(88/296),重度23.21%(69/296).生活质量问卷结果:第2、4、5、12、18、20、22项影响人数超过60%.x2检验表明,不同程度SUI对行为的限制、对心理的影响、对社会的障碍、对尿路感染的影响差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);不同程度SUI与不同程度尿中白细胞比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);不同程度SUI与不同程度尿中红细胞比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 保定铁路女职工尿失禁患病率较高,以SUI为主,SUI对生活质量造成的影响很大,预防和治疗尿路感染有利于提高SUI患者的生活质量.%[Objective] To explore the prevalence of urinary incontinence and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on quality of life a-mong female workers in Baoding Railway of Hebei Province. [Methods] From November, 2010-November of 2011,the female workers of the railway system in Baoding City aged above 20 years were selected by cluster sampling method and surveyed by questionnaire. Questionnaire survey of quality of life and urine routine analysis were performed on SUI patients. [ Results] A total of 1 368 valid questionnaires were obtained. The investigation showed that the prevalence of female adult UI was 34.62% (474/1 368) , in which the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) was

  14. 氮肥施用措施对湖北中稻产量、品质和氮肥利用率的影响%Effects of Fertilization Measures of Nitrogen(N)on Grain Yield,Grain Quality and N-Use Efficiency of Midseason Rice in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩宝吉; 曾祥明; 卓光毅; 徐芳森; 姚忠清; 肖习明; 石磊

    2011-01-01

    [目的]以湖北省大面积推广的4个中稻品种(路优8号、国豪杂优1号、丰优22和巨风优72)为试验材料,研究氮肥不同施用对湖北省中稻产量、品质和氮肥利用率的影响.[方法]田间试验设计了5个处理,,分别为不施氮处理(CK)、农民习惯施肥法(FFP)、FFP优化、增氮处理(SHY)和SHY优化,4次重复于2008和2009年分别在湖北赤壁和荆门进行.[结果]湖北赤壁CK处理两年试验的水稻产量均低于湖北荆门,表明荆门的基础地力好于赤壁.两年试验中,与农民习惯施肥法(FFP)相比,赤壁FFP优化、增氮处理(SHY)和SHY优化3个处理都有增产作用,其中2008年增产率分别为10.0%、2.3%和23.2%,2009年增产率分别为16.6%、11.8%和22.6%;荆门FFP优化、SHY、SHY优化3个处理,在2008年略有减产,在2009年增产作用也不显著,仅为2.0%、6.7%和1.7%.与农民习惯施肥法(FFP)相比,赤壁FFP优化和SHY优化,氮肥农学利用率和偏生产力都有显著提高;荆门FFP优化和SHY优化氮肥偏生产力显著提高,而氮肥农学利用率仅略有提高;两年两地SHY处理的氮素利用率各个指标的值均较小.[结论]两个优化处理(FFP优化和SHY优化)的产量和氮肥利用率都达到较高水平,即在当前农民习惯施肥条件下,将氮肥减少20%左右,不仅不会减产反而还会增产增效;在高氮的投入下,高产田水稻增产不明显甚至减产.此外,氮肥优化施用还可以改善稻米的营养品质.%[Objective] Four popular midseason varieties of rice (Luoyou8, Guohaozayoul, Fengyou22 and Jufengyou72)were used to study the effects of application technology of nitrogen (N) on grain yield, grain quality and N-use efficiency in Hubei province. [ Method] Field trials with five N treatments (CK, FFP, modified FFP, SHY and modified SHY) and four replications were conducted synchronously at both Chibi County and Jingmen County, Hubei province in 2008 and 2009, respectively. [Result] The

  15. [Characteristics of the medical workforce in the Province of Cabinda, Angola].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Miguel Dos Santos de; Artmann, Elizabeth

    2009-03-01

    This article presents the results of a study on the public health system's medical workforce in the Province of Cabinda, Angola. The objective was to study the characteristics of medical personnel, seeking to help define strategies to expand access and improve quality of care. The study covered the period from 2001 to 2004 and used secondary data, semi-structured interviews with health professionals, direct observation, and comparison with the literature. Quality of medical care in Cabinda was low, with one physician per 3,356 inhabitants. There were communities with more than 35,000 inhabitants and not a single physician. Working conditions were poor, and physicians suffered from low motivation. The study concluded that formulation and implementation of policies envisioning improvements in the management of medical professionals in the sector could help enhance the quality of care in the Province, but it would require involvement by relevant actors and additional research on the other health professions.

  16. Geologic Provinces of the Arctic, 2000 (prvarcst)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe Arctic portion of the U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the World in 2000.

  17. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAN Bin; DONG Yuan-Rong; HOU Wei-Guo; TONG Li-Hua; YUAN Sheng

    2007-01-01

    A survey was conducted for about 3 years to study the abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) in Jiangsu Province, China. The identification of the fungal species was based on the microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of their fruiting bodies. About 126 species of EMF were found in Jiangsu Province. These fungi were largely categorized into three orders (of 121 species), four families (of 96 species), and six genera (of about 86 species).

  18. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Huide; ZHANG, Wanzhen; Liu, Enping; ZHANG, Xizhu

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution, member scale, production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification, this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations, such as joint production of banana cooperatives, ...

  19. Economic Periodicity Analysis of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhaode; Yao Lili; Sun Jinfang; Yu Wei

    2008-01-01

    The paper analyses the periodical characteristics of the economic development of Shandong Province by using the mini-mum variation analysis model. The analysis shows that the eco-nomic development process of Shandong Province has short, medium and long cycles respectively for 6, 12, 19 years, and the fluctuation of the economic development becomes gentler with time passing by. The fluctuation of macro-control policy, invest-ment and consumption are the main reasons of the economic fluc-tuation.

  20. Analysis of quality of life and emotion symptoms in adolescents with allergic rhinitis in middle area of Jiangsu Province%苏中地区青少年变应性鼻炎患者生活质量和焦虑抑郁情绪症状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷勇; 陆青云

    2016-01-01

    目的 评估变应性鼻炎(allergic rhinitis,AR)对南通地区青少年生活质量和焦虑抑郁情绪症状的影响.方法 对青少年AR患者进行生活质量、焦虑和抑郁情绪症状调查.病例组选取青少年AR患者220例,选择同期健康青少年240名作为对照组.以青少年鼻结膜炎生活质量调查问卷(Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire,RQLQ)、儿童焦虑相关情绪筛查量表(the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders,SCARED)、儿童抑郁症状障碍评价量表(Children's Depression Inventory,CDI)对研究对象进行评估,比较AR组患儿与对照组患儿各维度得分的差异,以SPSS 13.0统计软件进行结果分析.结果 青少年AR患者组生活质量各维度(鼻部症状、眼部症状、其他症状、行为问题和实际问题)的评分均值均明显高于健康对照青少年组,差异有统计学意义(P值均<0.01).青少年AR患者组焦虑症状得分为(24.15±4.89)分,显著高于对照组的(19.13±3.17)分,差异有统计学意义(=12.79,P<0.05);抑郁症状得分为(20.78 ±4.41)分,略高于对照组的(19.97 ±3.45)分,但差异无统计学意义(t=2.34,P>0.05).与青少年AR患者焦虑情绪症状相关的生活质量维度包括鼻部症状(r =0.576)、其他问题(r=0.433)和行为问题(r=0.469),P值均<0.05.结论 AR影响青少年生活质量和焦虑情绪症状,应从健康整体观出发,重视AR青少年的身心健康.%Objective To evaluate the quality of life and emotion symptoms (anxiety symptom and depressive symptom) of adolescents with allergic rhinitis (AR) in middle area of Jiangsu province.Methods A case-control study on quality of life and emotion symptoms among 220 AR adolescents and 240 controls was performed.The participants were investigated by questionnaires of RQLQ,ICD,and SCARED.SPSS 13.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results The scores of RQLQ five dimensions with AR were higher than the controlled subjects

  1. Intestinal acariasis in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang

    2000-01-01

    The mites found in stored food and house comprise a large group of subclass Acari, belonging to the suborder Acardida of the order Acarifornes. They can be found in dust and vacuum samples from floors, furniture, mattresses, Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, and bedding. These mites are nidicolous and feed on organic debris, including sloughed human skin, fungi, spilled food, pollen, etc. These mites are particularly prevalent in Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, beds, though carpeted floors near beds or couches may also have large numbers. The most common species are Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae , Dermatophagoides farinae , D . pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, G. Ornatus, Carpoglyphus lactis and Tarsonemus granarius, etc. The viability of mites in storage is quite strong and they can invade and parasitize the intestines of humans[1 -15]. They can cause pulmonary acariasis[16-25] , urinary acariasis[26-33] and so on. The dejecta of mites is a quite strong allergen and can cause different allergic diseases[34-44]. Intestinal acariasis can be caused by some mites related to the way of diet intake and invading against intestinal mucosa, intestinal muscle[45-5a]. The first report of intestinal acariasis caused by these mites was made by Hinman et al (1934)[45]. From then on, all kinds of studies on the disease have been reported gradually. In order to make an epidemiological survey of intestinal acariasis the investigation of the disease was taken in some areas of Anhui Province from 1989 to 1996.

  2. Thematic cartography in Tigrai Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marini, A.; Melis, Maria T.

    1994-12-01

    Tigre Province is in northern Ethiopia between Eritrea on the north and east, and Begemdir and Wollo on the south. The area is comprised of five main physiographic units: Danakil Depression, Escarpment, Tigre and Eritrea Plateau, Semien Mountains and the Western Lowlands. The first two drain into the closed drainage basin of Dallol whilst the other three drain into the Nilo Through the Tezeke, Mareb and Barka River. Three main rock complexes build up the prospect area. The metamorphic and intrusive rocks of the Precambrian basement, the Paleozoic-Mesozoic Sediments and Tertiary Trap Volcanics, and the Young Sedimentary and Volcanic Rocks of the Danakil Depression. The only existing geological data on this area is represented by maps assembled from different sources on very large scale. Thanks to interactive computer processing, it is becoming possible to trace, on the relief as it appears on the display unit, lithological boundaries and the faults which affect them, measuring each of their geometric characteristics. Image processing coupled with pattern recognition programs has made it possible to take into consideration landscape units combining morphological, botanical and geological signatures, and more generally to quantify the morphological elements. Satellite images (Landsat TM and Spot XS) have been processed to produce thematic maps.

  3. Sustainable development of coal cities in Heilongjiang province based on AHP method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yupu; Sun Yongbo; Qin Jiangbo

    2012-01-01

    The sustainable development of coal mining cities in Heilongjiang province has important effect on the economic stability and development of Heilongjiang,Northeast China.and China at large.To further the sustainable development evaluation system of coal mining cities in Heilongjiang province,based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method combined with operational and scientific principles using Saaty's 1-9 scale method to construct the judgment matrix from five aspects,such as economic development and environmental quality,this paper establishes the comprehensive evaluation index system of sustainable development of coal mining cities in Heilongjiang province,including comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits and the contribution rate of science and technology.In addition,using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method,a comprehensive evaluation is made on the indices of the four major coal mining cities of Heilongjiang.The result shows that the coal mining cities are not better than Datong of Shanxi province in many indices.The economic development and environment quality are the most important indices of the targeted layer influencing the sustainable development of coal mining cities of Heilongjiang,and their index weights are 0.4358 and 0.2844,respectively.These two indices including comprehensive index of industrial economic benefit and the ratio of environmental protection investment to GDP are the key elements influencing the two aspects.

  4. 2009--2010年转地蜂场组织结构与人文素质分析——基于浙江省缙云县80家蜂场的调研%Investigation Report of Organizational Structure and Humanistic Quality of Migratory Apiaries from 2007 to 2008 Based on 80 Apiaries in Jinyun County, Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡元强; 胡福良

    2011-01-01

    对浙江省缙云县2009~2010年80家转地蜂场的组织结构与人文素质进行了调查分析,结果表明:80家转地蜂场全部是一户一家的家庭结构专业化养蜂场。蜂场以2~4人为主,人均养蜂数量为50群,蜂场规模与往年相比有所扩大;蜂农平均年龄为36~37岁,50岁以下分别占93.69%和89.79%;蜂农养蜂工龄平均为12年,与往年基本类似;蜂农文化程度:小学分别占13.06%和9.79%;初中分别占76.58%和81.28%;高中分别占10.36%和8.51%;蜂场订阅蜂业科技刊物分别占82.50%和78.75%;蜂场组织化程度分别为82.50%和78.75%,比往年有所提高。但是,蜂农的小农经济意识根深蒂固,亟待解决。%A survey was carried out to investigate the organizational structure and humanistic quality of 80 migratory apiaries from 2009 to 2010 in Jinyun county, Zhe-jiang province. The result showed that all of the 80 migratory apiaries were specialized apiaries and mutually independent, each consisted of 2-4 people. The average number of colonies one kept was 50, and the apiary size has been expanded compared with previous years. The average age of beekeepers was 36-37, and those under 50 accounted for 93.69% in 2009 and 89.79% in 2010. The average length of service of beekeepers was 12 years, with basically similar to previous years. Beekeepers with primary education level accounted for 13.06% (in 2009) and 9.79% (in 2010), middle school 76.58% (in 2009) and 81.28% (in 2010), and high school 10.36% (in 2009) and 8.51% (in 2010). Apiaries which subscribed technology journals in the field of apiculture accounted for 82.50% (in 2009) and 78.75% (in 2010); Organization degree of these apiaries reached 82.50% (in 2009) and 78.75% (in 2010), which were improved over previous years. However, beekeepers deep-rooted sense of the peas-ant economy, and that is must be

  5. Correlation Analysis on Fruit Quality and Leaves Nutrition and Soil Nutrient in Apple Orchard of Shandong Province%山东省苹果园果实品质指标、叶片营养与土壤营养元素的相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路超; 薛晓敏; 王翠玲; 安国宁; 王金政

    2011-01-01

    In order to study the relationship between growth status of apple and Shandong soil condition deeply, and guide fertilization scientifically, 'Red Fuji' was used as samples, and the correlation among leaf mineral elements, fruit quality and soil elements were studied in 48 apple orchards of Shandong Province in this thesis. The results showed that: the correlation among the mineral elements, the content of soluble sugar and titratable acid in leaf and fruit and the mineral elements in soil were significant. The correlation of fruit shape index and the 13 kinds of mineral elements were significant. In addition to effective boron, the correlation between individual fruit weight and 11 kinds of soil traits was significant positive level. The correlation of apple smooth finish and soil available boron were significant, furthermore, with other related indexes highly significant. The correlation between fruit hardness and soil organic matter and pH was highly negatively significant, with the effective calcium and iron content reached negatively significant. The correlation between soluble solids content and soil total salt was the biggest, the correlation coefficient reached 0.643. Therefore, people should notice apply more fertilizer of trace elements in Shandong apple orchard.%为了深入了解山东省苹果的生长状况与土壤的相关关系,指导科学施肥,以山东省48个果园的‘红富士’苹果为试材,研究了地上部矿质元素和果实品质与土壤元素的相关性关系,结果表明:叶片中和果实中的矿质元素、可溶性糖和可滴定酸含量与土壤中矿质元素间的相关性都较显著;果形指数与13种指标的相关性都较显著;单果重除与土壤有效硼和全盐含量间的相关性达到显著水平外,与其他11种土壤性状指标间的相关性均达到极显著水平,而且均为正相关;果实光洁度与土壤有效硼的相关性显著,与其他指标的相关性均为极显著;果实

  6. Integrating Comprehensive Reform with Quality of Care

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Xianyang City is located in the center of northwest China's Shaanxi Province. In 2001, it was designated as one of the pilot cities for comprehensive reform of family planning work initiated by the National Population and Family Planning Commission. This has provided a good opportunity for the city to better implement the quality of care approach.

  7. Quality of life and its related factors among HIV/AIDS patients from HIV serodiscordant couples in ;Zhoukou of Henan province%河南省周口市HIV单阳家庭HIV感染者和艾滋病患者生存质量及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽萍; 陈琬莹; 吕繁; 徐鹏; 孙定勇; 李宁; 杨文杰; 张林; 白玉杰; 琚腊红; 何慧靖

    2016-01-01

    贫困低保户以及最近2周是否患其他疾病是其生存质量的相关因素。%Objective To investigate the quality of life and its related factors among HIV/AIDS patients from HIV serodiscordant couples in Zhoukou city of Henan province.Methods During January to May in 2015, by the convenience sample, World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire for Brief Version (WHOQOL⁃BREF) (Chinese version) and a self⁃edited questionnaire were used to investigate 1 251 HIV/AIDS patients who were confirmed with HIV positive by local CDC, registered in“HIV serodiscordant family”and agreed to participate in a face⁃to⁃face interview with above 18 year⁃old based on the local CDC , township hospitals and village clinics of 9 counties and 1 district of Zhoukou city, excluding the HIV/AIDS patients who were in divorce, death by one side, unknowing about his HIV status, with mental illness and disturbance of consciousness, incorrectly understanding the content of the questionnaire, and reluctant to participate in this study. The scores of quality of life of physical, psychological, social relations, and environmental domain were calculated. The related factors of the scores of different domains were analyzed by Multiple Two Classification Unconditioned Logistic Regression. Results The scores of investigation objects in the physical, psychological, social relations, and environmental domain were 12.00± 2.02, 12.07 ± 2.07, 11.87 ± 1.99, and 11.09 ± 1.84, respectively. The multiple Unconditioned Logistic Regression analysis indicated that age <40 years, on ART and no other sickness in last two weeks were beneficial factors associated with physical domain with OR (95%CI): 0.61 (0.35-1.06), 0.52 (0.30-0.90), and 1.66 (1.09-2.52), respectively. The possibility of no poverty and no other sickness in last two weeks increased to 0.15(0.09-0.26) and 1.57(1.06-2.33) times of those who was in poverty and with other sickness in last two weeks in physical domain. The possibility of

  8. Epidemiology of Ectopic Pregnancy in Hamadan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Shobeiri

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The blastocyst implantation in any place other than uterus cavity endometrium is called ectopic pregnancy. The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy is different in various countries. This study has been conducted to investigate the epidemiology of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010.Materials and Methods: The present study is a retrospective descriptive study. The data on 872 ectopic pregnancies were extracted by questionnaires from the files in the records department of hospitals and delivery centers in Hamadan province during 2000-2010. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS-16 software.Results: The frequency of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010 was averagely 2.6 per 1000 pregnancies. Tubal pregnancy with 95.2% is the most prevalent type of ectopic pregnancy most of which had occurred in the right tube (52.4%. Most ectopic pregnancies (52.2% were in the age group of 25-34.Conclusion: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during the mentioned years has been 2.6 in 1000 pregnancies, which is lower compared to many existing data. However, the prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in this province has increased over time, so that it has become 3.3 times as much from 2000-2010.

  9. Province-based self-remediation efficiency of the Tha Chin river basin, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thaipichitburapa, P; Meksumpun, C; Meksumpun, S

    2010-01-01

    The Tha Chin River Basin located in the great central basin of Thailand is used for water supply, aquaculture, transportation, and recreation as well as a sink for wastewater discharges. Because of gradual deterioration of water quality and fishery resources, this study aimed to explain recent status of the river self-remediation efficiency that was influenced by nutrient inputs and outputs from the river system. Field surveys were carried out during May 2007 (early rainy season) and October 2007 (late rainy season) within the Tha Chin River located in 4 provinces; Chainat, Suphan Buri, Nakhon Pathom, and Samut Sakhon. The nutrient budgets in each province section were analyzed. Results indicated that the river was in eutrophic condition all year round. High nitrogen and phosphorus loads from surrounding agricultural land use, agro-industry, and community continuously flew into the river system. Those nutrient concentrations were higher in the early rainy season than the late rainy season. The lowest river zone (in Samut Sakhon province) indicated highest dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and orthophosphate phosphorus (P) discharges of 145.54 and 36.14 tons/day, respectively. The highest remediation efficiency of the river (ca 60% of the total input) was found in the uppermost area of Suphan Buri province. The lowest remediation efficiency (ca 12%) was found in Samut Sakhon province. From the overall view, long term monitoring of river and estuarine DIN and P should be conducted. To make better condition of aquatic environment and fishery resource in each province-based section, the controls of DIN and P remediation efficiencies (e.g. by effective management of flow speed) at 20 and 50%, respectively, were recommended.

  10. Improving yield and quality of apples though double mulching of film and cabbage combined with fertilization in Weibei dryland, Shaanxi Province%施肥配合薄膜生草二元覆盖有效提高渭北苹果的产量和品质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温美娟; 党娜; 翟丙年; 郑伟; 王朝辉; 赵政阳

    2016-01-01

    Objectives]Reasonable fertilization and effective mulching of soil have been the key measurement for high and stable agriculture production in the dry land of north Shaanxi Province. An optimized practice was proposed and its effectiveness in improving apple yield and quality was studied in the base of the farmer’s mode and the currently recommended measurement.[Methods]Field experiments were conducted in consecutive two years in three orchards each year. In farmers’mode, no organic fertilizer was used and the soil around the apple trees was cleared. The basal amount of N, P2O5, K2O was 300, 160, 120 kg/hm2, and the top dressing amount was 150, 80, 60 kg/hm2at germinating stage (March 20); The currently recommended management includes mulching the tree base soil with black film but cleared the soils between the tree rows, applying manure 22.5 t/hm2, the basal amount of N, P2O5, K2O was 200, 120, 180 kg/hm2, top dressing amount was 100, 60, 90 kg/hm2at fruit enlarging stage (August 10); the optimized measurement was: mulching tree base with black film and growing small rape in between the tree rows, organic manure amount was increased to 45 t/hm2, both the basal and top dressing amount of N, P2O5, K2O were 150, 90, 135 kg/hm2, but the dressing time was brought advanced at early stage of fruiting enlarging (July 10). The nutrient uptake in different growth periods of apple trees and the yield and quality of fruits were investigated, and the yield and quality of fruit were investigated.[Results]Compared with the extension pattern, the NPK contents of leaves in optimized model were averagely increased by 1.4%, 8.4% and 5.9% in young fruit period; by 5.6%, 15.5% and 8.1% in fruit enlargement period, and by 6.9%, 5.9% and 11.6% in ripening period. The fruit nutrient uptake was in order of optimized model >extension model > farmer model, and the difference between the optimized model and the farmer model was significant (P80 mm was in optimized model, and the

  11. Evaluation and Optimization Approaches of Rural Financial Ecological Environment in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaofang; ZOU

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture is the foundation of national economy,and the quality of rural financial ecological environment determines the level of rural economic development. At the same time of making outstanding achievements in rural financial reform,there are still many problems in rural financial ecological environment. Taking Hubei Province as an example,this paper summarized existing problems from current situations of rural financial ecological environment,and finally came up with pertinent recommendations.

  12. Proposition of Model for CSIRT: Case Study of Telecommunication Company in a Province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Naseri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Attack to software, network and system is cause of computer security incidents. Computer Security Incident Response Capability (CSIRC prevent from attacks by responding, predictive and safety quality management services. Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT provides these services. In this paper, modeling is proposed for deployment of CSIRT and structure for providing services is described. This model is implemented in a case study in a telecommunication company in a province of Iran and results are expressed.

  13. Pakistan's Primary Education Quality Improvement Program: Local Partners Work with Rural Communities to Support High Quality Education for Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afridi, Zahid A.

    2006-01-01

    This document describes the contributions made by the Primary Education Quality Improvement Program (1996-1999) to the broad goals of improved access, equity, and quality in girls' primary education in Pakistan. In Balochistan, the largest but least developed province of Pakistan, an innovative approach to educational development was successfully…

  14. La materia orgánica particulada: comparación de métodos para su determinación y su valor como indicador de calidad de suelos del Chubut Particulate organic-matter: a comparison of methods for its determination and its role as an indicator of soil quality for some soils in the province of Chubut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Sonia Videla

    2008-12-01

    in the province of Chubut under different management schemes or affected by different disturbance regimes: Media Luna exclosure (ML C, Media Luna-grazing (ML P, Puerto Madryn bioturbed (PM B, Puerto Madryn nonbioturbed (PM NB, Punta Ninfas uneroded (PN NE and Punta Ninfas eroded (PN E. We collected soil samples from the 0 to 5 cm (PM and PN or 0 to 10 cm (ML depths to determine total soil organic-matter (MOT and MOP using wet combustion MOPh (Walkley and Black method and weight loss-on-ignition in a high temperature oven set at 430° C (MOPi. In the Mollisols and the Aridisols from Puerto Madryn, MOPi was higher than MOPh; in the Aridisols from Punta Ninfas, however, the differences between MOPi and MOPh were not significant. In soils with high calcium carbonate (PM B and PM NB or allophane (ML C and ML P contents, the loss-on-ignition method overestimated MOP contents. The MOT contents were highly correlated to both MOPh and MOPi for all soils (r²= 0.89 and r² = 0.73, respectively. Both MOT and MOP were sensitive to land management and soil erosion. The soil that displayed the greatest MOP/ MOT ratio was the PN NE. On the contrary, the PN E site showed the lowest values for this ratio, which would indicate that the low MOT content of this soil is predominantly associated to the < 0.053 mm fraction, and that the erosion process decreased the MOP reserves more than the MOT. For the Puerto Madryn soils, the MOPi / MOT ratio was greater than 1. This seems to be mainly due to the overestimation of the loss-on-ignition method in soils with abundant carbonates. Both MOT and MOP, determined by the two methods, can be used to detect differences in management or the state of soil degradation. However, MOP seemed to be more affected by soil erosion and sheep grazing compared to MOT. These results would allow us to consider MOP as a good indicator of changes in soil quality by either soil erosion or sheep grazing.

  15. Overexploitation of Abalone at Libong Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanyut Sudtongkong

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abalone is generally known as a fishery resource of high economic value. The wild abalone from Libong Island iswidely known for its potential as a cocktail-size and high-quality broodstock for hatcheries. The high market price andexternal demand have encouraged local fisherman to catch the wild abalone without proper management, resulting in a nearextinction crisis in the abalone population in this area. The present evaluation of abalone management at Libong Island,Trang Province, Thailand, was conducted using local user perceptions. Sixteen performance indicators included effectiveness indicators, equity indicators, and sustainable indicators. These were measured to determine whether the abalonemanagement activities had achieved the set objectives in terms of better conditions for abalone cultivation and sustainability.The results revealed that the abalone population has undergone degrading and decline due to lack of proper managementmeasures in this area. The findings suggest that practical management is needed for the abalone population at Libong Island.

  16. Vegetation of Doi Tung, Chiang Rai Province, Northern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. F. Maxwell

    Full Text Available The climate of Doi Tung, Chiang Rai Province, is monsoonal with three distinctseasons, viz. cool-dry, hot-dry, and rainy. The elevation ranges from c. 350-1525m and mostof the bedrock is limestone and granite. Vegetation below c. 1000m is mostly deciduous,while above this it is evergreen. A mixed evergreen + deciduous facies is present on thelimestone peaks (up to 1425m. Forest destruction as well as settlements are widespread,thus creating increasingly severe problems with water resources, soil quality and stability, andbiodiversity. The planting on pine monocultures in deforested areas 20 years ago in uplandgranite areas has resulted in much environmental degradation which requires immediaterectification.

  17. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huide; HUANG; Wanzhen; ZHANG; Enping; LIU; Xizhu; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution,member scale,production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province,and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification,this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations,such as joint production of banana cooperatives,timely planting of banana,brand management,and improvement of production and operation technical level.

  18. POLISH-RUSSIAN COOPERATION OF POMORSKIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina GOMULKA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Polish-Russian Cooperation of Pomorskie Province commenced in 1999 and was based on the intergovernmental agreements. The new agreement, executed between the authorities of the Pomeranian Province and Kaliningrad Oblast in 2002, provided for cooperation in many areas. The contacts between the partners were dominated by economic cooperation. The Polish–Russian cooperation stopped with Polish accession to the Schengen zone. Cooperation resumed when in 2011 and agreement on small cross-border traffic was signed and then ratified in 2012. 

  19. [Terrestrial gastropods from Misiones Province, Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregoric, Diego Eduardo Gutiérrez; Núñez, Verónica; Vogler, Roberto Eugenio; Beltramino, Ariel Aníbal; Rumi, Alejandra

    2013-12-01

    The Atlantic Forest represents one of the global priority eco-regions for biodiversity conservation. In Argentina, this is represented by the Paranense Forest, which occupies much of the Misiones Province. In this paper, an updated list of land mollusks from Misiones Province is presented, and its species richness was evaluated comparing protected and unprotected areas. For this, we reviewed La Plata Museum Mollusk Collection, updated the literature review, and developed some field work between 2009 and 2010. For the areographic work, a grid (50 x 50 km) was applied to a Misiones province map. In this region, large areas of native vegetation constituting the Paranaense Forest still persist, and include protected areas such as the Iguazú National Park and Puerto Peninsula Provincial Park. These areas have been the most explored at the malacological level (both terrestrial and aquatic environments), a fact that is consistent with the greater number of records found, which may also be the explanation for the highest number of species recorded in the region. A database containing 497 records was compiled. The number of species occurring in this Province was increased from 28 to 56; 11 of which were exotic species. A total of 38 of the species occurred in protected areas and 53 in unprotected areas; and 25 species were micro-mollusks. Orthalicidae was the family with the highest species number (10) and the widest distribution, occupying 16/20 sampling units. Megalobulimus was the genus found in a greater number of sampling units (14/20). The highest values of specific richness of land gastropods were found in Northern Misiones (R=32). This richness was similar to that previously reported for the Tucumán Province, although species occurring in both provinces were mostly different. The richness in Misiones Province border areas, as the Republic of Paraguay and the state of Santa Catarina (Brazil), was about twice that found in the province. The present study showed the

  20. Geologic Provinces of the Caribbean Region, 2004 (prv6bg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset includes a modified subset of polygon features that describe U.S. Geological Survey's defined geologic provinces of the World. Each province has a set...

  1. Studies on Effective Ways to Improve the Quality of Farmers in Northwest Poverty-stricken Areas:Taking Water-saving Technologies Farmer Field Schools in Wuwei City, Gansu Province as an Example%提高西北贫困地区农民科技素质的有效途径初探--以甘肃省武威市节水技术农民田间学校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭超男; 刘林; 李凡; 梁植睿; 吴迪; 董平国; 韩万海

    2013-01-01

    In order to solve the problems of the low technical quality of farmers and thus restricting the sustainable economic and social development of the poverty-stricken areas of northwest China, the article, based upon intensive policy and documentary analysis, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, survey and other methods, with emphasis on analysis of the practice of four farmers' field schools (FFSs) of Wuwei City, Gansu. By summing up the successful experience of four FFSs in Wuwei City, Gansu Province, the article points out that FFSs’unique operating mode, including the effective conversion of peasants roles, enhancing the learning atmosphere of the community, the improvement of the organization of farmers, has enhanced the difficulties faced by improving technical quality of farmers in poverty-stricken areas of northwest China. FFS is an effective extension and supplement Peasant education promotion system. In the end, the article pointed out that the sustainable developmental management and operation FFS mode is an effective way to improve quality of the farmers in poverty-stricken areas.%  为了解决西北贫困地区农民科技素质较低进而制约西北地区经济社会可持续发展的问题,采用文献研究、实地踏查、深入访谈、调查问卷等方法,重点对甘肃武威4所农民田间学校的实践进行了深入的分析。通过总结甘肃武威市4所农民田间学校的成功经验,认为农民田间学校通过其特有的运行模式实现了农民角色的有效转换、社区整体学习气氛的增强、农民组织化程度的提高,有效的解决了西北贫困地区提升农民科技素质面临的困难,是现阶段农民教育推广体系的一种有效延伸和补充。最后提出,可持续发展的农民田间学校管理运行模式是确保提升贫困地区农民科技素质的有效途径。

  2. Comprehensive Evaluation of Circular Economic Development in North Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Shuheng; Zhang, Simei; Chen, Guangzhou; Xu, Min

    2009-01-01

    In view of the characteristics of north Anhui Province, an index system was constructed for evaluating the development level of circular economy according to relevant principles, Principal Component Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process were adopted to evaluate the circular economic development in north Anhui Province, and corresponding measures were put forward to promote the circular economy in north Anhui Province.

  3. Multiple Effects of Energy Issues and Countermeasures: A Case of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Chengxin; Wang Gefang; Yao Shimou

    2008-01-01

    Energy is now becoming the bottleneck of urban and regional development. The paper takes Shandong Province, one of the most energy consuming provinces in China, as an example, uses quantity methods such as SPSS (Stastics Package for Social Science) cluster sampling and regression analysis, and applies quantity analysis, to analyze the situation of energy is-sues in Shandong province. The conflicts between the quick industrialization and increasing extensive economic development, between urban population and energy consuming per head, between the infinite energy consuming desire and the low level of managing system, and between the unstable world energy supply and the limited energy storage in China are the main factors of energy crisis in Shandong, which not only results in energy shortage, but also becomes the barrier of economic and social development. In order to ensure sufficient energy supply for Shandong province in the 21st century, we should take countermeasures, such as changing the economic development model, pursuing a multiple and high quality energy strategy, improving the intensive urbanization strategy, and building a scientific energy system.

  4. Soil Quality Evaluation and Technology Research on Improving Land Capability---A Case Study on Huanghuaihai Plain in Shandong Province%土壤质量评价与地力提升技术研究--以山东黄淮海平原为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王存龙; 祝德成; 蒋文惠; 赵西强; 王红晋; 喻超; 伊飞

    2014-01-01

    Based on the geochemical data obtained from the national project about the prevention and control of soil contamination, this paper explored the properties of soil chemical elements in Huanghuaihai Plain, Shandong Province. The results showed that among the grade-one nutritive elements in soil, organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus were relatively deficient while potassium was rich. Meanwhile, as the grade-two nutritive elements, calcium oxide and magnesium oxide were relatively short and sulfur’s content was abundant. About the other beneficial and trace nutri-tive elements, iron oxide, manganese, molybdenum and boron were deficient, but the content of chlorine was high, hardly lack. The main barriers to improving land productivity were soil salinization and soil heavy metal contamination. The values of soil integrated fertility index that most of the soil in the study area is middle-lower fertilized. Specifical y, the low fertility area and lower fertility area are 6 1604 and 1 244 km2 respectively, occupying about 97.43% and 1.97% of the total area. The moderate fertility soil has an area of 172 km2, occupying about 0.27% of the total area. The higher fertility soil covers an area of 128 km2, while the high fertility area of only 76 km2. This article proposed scientific fertilization, elimination of soil obsta-cle, remediation of heavy-metal-contaminated soil and other effective measures to improve land productivity according to the basic investigation results, which provides a good technological support for the planning and development of good-quality and high-benefit agriculture.%以全国土地污染防治项目取得地球化学资料为依据,通过分析研究山东省黄淮海平原区土壤化学元素特征,结果表明:土壤中一级营养元素有机质、氮、磷相对缺乏,钾含量富足;二级营养元素氧化钙、氧化镁相对缺乏,硫含量富足;其他有益微量元素氧化铁、锰、钼和硼均相对缺乏,氯

  5. Health-related quality of life and its affecting factors in the elderly individuals: data from 9 provinces of China%我国9省市老年人健康相关生命质量及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆晓霞; 朱燕波; 王琦; 陈柯帆; 唐芳

    2009-01-01

    目的 测量和评价我国老年人的健康相关生命质量(HRQOL),分析影响我国老年人HRQOL的人口统计学和行为生活方式因素.方法 在江苏、安徽、甘肃、青海、福建、北京、吉林、江西、河南9省市进行横断面健康状况调查.HRQOL调查采用MOS SF-36问卷.老年人与一般人群的HRQOL比较应用成组设计的t检验,HRQOL影响因素分析采用多元线性逐步回归分析.结果 我国老年人的HRQOL 8个维度得分为生理机能(79±21),生理职能(68±40),躯体疼痛(72±23),一般健康状况(57±22),精力(69±20),社会功能(79±23),情感职能(72±40),精神健康(76±18).除精神健康维度以外的其他7个维度的得分均比四川常模低(均P<0.05),除一般健康状况、精力和精神健康三个维度外其他5个维度上的得分均低于杭州常模(均P<0.05).主要影响因素有:运动习惯、最终学历、慢性病史、年龄、民族、婚姻状况、体重指数、睡眠习惯和性别等.结论 我国老年人的HRQOL比一般人群低.低水平运动者、低学历者、有慢性病史者、高龄者、少数民族老年人、丧偶老年人是老年人卫生和社区服务的重点人群,在老年人健康教育中,应该提倡多运动和规律睡眠.%Objective To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL), demographic characteristics, and health behaviors of the Chinese elderly to find out high-risk population and behaviors. Methods Data was collected from a cross-sectional survey performed in Jiangsu, Anhui, Gansu,Qinghai, Fujian, Beijing, Jilin, Jiangxi, and Henan province. MOS SF-36 was used for HRQOL assessment, t test was used for HRQOL comparison between the elderly and the general population. Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the affecting factors. Results The HRQOL among the Chinese elderly were PF ( Physical Functioning) 79 ± 21, RP ( Role-Physical ) 68 ± 40, BP ( Bodily Pain) 72 ± 23, GH ( General

  6. 云南古茶园和现代茶园土壤养分与茶叶品质成分关系的研究%Analysis of the Relationship between Soil Nutrientsand Tea Main Quality Components of Ancient Tea Arboretum and Modern Tea Garden in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨广容; 王秀青; 谢瑾; 吕才有; 李永梅

    2015-01-01

    Soilis the basic survival conditionof the teaplant,soitwas very closelyrelated to thegrowth and development oftea plantand tea quality.The representativeancient tea arboretum and modern tea gardenwere selected in Jingmai, Bulangand Nannuoancient tea mountain of YunnanProvince.Thep Hvalue, cation exchange capacity (CEC), soilorganic matter (SOM),and nutrientscontent of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium (NPK)in tea garden soils (0-20cm)and theteamain qualitycomponent ofsundried green teas which were manufactured bya budand two leaves(water extraction, tea polyphenols, amino acid, caffeine and polyphenols monomer content)were determinedfromthe soil and teasamples and those from themoderntea garden(or young tea tree/forest)were used ascontrol.The resultsshowed that the soil moisture content increased by15.23%~46.82%inancient teagarden underforestsshadein comparing with that from modern tea garden.The soil pH valuein theancient tea gardenwas higher thanthat ofmodern tea garden(or young tea tree/forest)in Bulangmountains and Nannuo mountain.Thesoil CEC, SOM, total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and availablephosphorus (Olsen-P) contents ofancient tea gardenweresignificantly higher thanthose ofmodern teagarden(or young tea tree/forest).Allthoughthe contents oftea water extract, amino acid, tea polyphenol and polyphenols monomer substanceinalltea gardenswerenot consistent,however,the ratioof polyphenoltoamino acid of ancient tea plants planted under forests range was 6.75 to 12.28 significantly lower than those of the modern teagarden(from9.98to15.25).Thechangesof five kinds of catechins contentwerein the order:Epicatechin gallate(ECG) >Epigallocatechin gallate(EGCG) >Epicatechin (EC) >Epigallocatechin(EGC)>Catechin(C),and the ECG and EGC Gcontentswere not significantd iffered between ancient tea garden and moderntea garden(or young tea tree/forest).Moreover,tea gallic acid (GA)was detected only in the ancient teaplants.Thecultivation patterninancient tea

  7. USMC Rethinking Coin in Helmand Province Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    2010 and the introduction of the United States Marines and their brand of counter insurgency (COIN) did the people of Helmand province fully embrace the...incapable of operating a shadow government. They encountered a society in upheaval with cultural baggage attached to century old battles at Maiwand

  8. Human rabies in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangping Ren

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: The majority of rabies cases occurred among 40–65-year-old male residents of northern, mid-west, and southeast Zhejiang Province. Further health education is needed to increase the coverage of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP in people exposed to possible rabid animals and rabies vaccine use in household animals.

  9. Nontyphoidal Salmonella Infection, Guangdong Province, China, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xi; Huang, Qiong; Dun, Zhongjun; Huang, Wei; Wu, Shuyu; Liang, Junhua; Deng, Xiaoling; Zhang, Yonghui

    2016-04-01

    We used active and passive surveillance to estimate nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection during 2012 in Guangdong Province, China. Under passive surveillance, for every reported NTS infection, an estimated 414.8 cases occurred annually. Under active surveillance, an estimated 35.8 cases occurred. Active surveillance provides remarkable advantages in incidence estimate.

  10. Two Mysteries of Nature in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    JUST to the north of Shenyang,the capital of Liaoning Province,motorists along the Harbin-Dalian highway will encounter apeculiar slope khat is much easier to ascend than to descend.Theslope,approximately 90 meters long and 15 meters wide,slants abouttwo degrees toward the west.

  11. Investigation on Atmospheric Corrosiveness in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    According to the results of four-year exposure tests for carbon steel samples in Hainan province, the influences of meteorological factors and Cl- on atmospheric corrosion were investigated. The feature of atmospheric corrosion in this area was summarized. A corrosive map for the area was drawn. The corrosion products on carbon steel at some typical places were analyzed by XRD and XPS.

  12. Metallogenetic and geochemical provinces : book review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuiling, R.D.

    1975-01-01

    In November 1972 a symposium on metallogenetic and geochemical provinces was organized in Leoben by Prof. W.E. Petrascheck; the proceedings of this symposium have now appeared. The book is recommended to all those who want to combine their interest in economic geology with a somewhat wider outlook i

  13. Managing Quality

    CERN Document Server

    Kelemen, Mihaela L

    2002-01-01

    Managing Quality provides a comprehensive review and critical analysis of quality management discourses and techniques by drawing on a number of management disciplines such as operations management, HRM, organizational behaviour, strategy, marketing and organization theory. The book: - introduces readers to key concepts and issues in quality management - provides an overview of both managerial and critical perspectives on quality management - presents the 'wisdom' of quality management gurus - documents the way quality is pursued in manufacturing, service and public sector organizations - comp

  14. The Agricultural Export Competitiveness and Independent Innovation in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guimin; WANG; Haixian; XIA

    2013-01-01

    Through the vertical and horizontal analysis of agricultural export data in Liaoning Province during the period 2006-2010,we can find that Liaoning Province has already a major exporter of agricultural products,but there is no significant increase in many indicators with great fluctuation or declining trend. Meanwhile,compared with other provinces,the competitive advantages of agricultural export in Liaoning Province are not obvious,lacking competitive potential. Analysis shows that it is a strenuous task for Liaoning Province to transform from a major exporter of agricultural products to strong export province; during the course,relying on independent innovation is the fundamental guarantee. Liaoning Province should rely on independent innovation,to create new agricultural varieties,lead the international standards of agricultural products,form the brand agriculture,and improve the agricultural industry chain.

  15. Application of Geothermal Energy to New Countryside Construction——A Case Study of Xiong County, Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Shu-fang

    2012-01-01

    Hujiatai Village, Xiong County, Hebei Province was nominated as the experimental unit of new countryside construction by Hebei Province in 2008. In order to make Hujiatai Village become a new countryside model with friendly ecological and environmental conditions, local energy resources should be considered. In this study, a mode of "geothermal energy extraction-heat exchange-space heating-reinjection" was adopted to supply heat to resident houses in Hujiatai Village cooperating with a geothermal development entity based on the abundant geothermal resources, thereby constructing a clean, economic and autarkic new countryside energy system, which avoids utilization of fossil-energy, reduces emission of greenhouse gases and generation of solid coal cinder, protecting air and land environment, improving life quality of the people and building a typical model for Hebei Province and even for the whole country.

  16. Analysis on Temporal and Spatial Changes and Driving Forces of Poverty-Stricken Areas in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi Xiaoli; Yuan Jinguo; Wang Wei

    2005-01-01

    This paper takes poverty-stricken county as the basic unit, and selects net income per peasant to study the poverty status in Hebei Province during 1986~2000.Temporal and spatial changes of povertystricken areas are analyzed. The result shows that poverty-stricken areas in Hebei Province distributed concentratedly and the areas decreased during 1986~2000, the net income per peasant was on the rise with an increasing speed in off-poverty counties being slightly higher than that in poverty-stricken counties, but the growth rate was extremely unstable,rising slowly in off-poverty counties while dropping in poverty-stricken counties. The main driving forces that influenced temporal and spatial changes were economic development of the whole province,ecological environment quality, infrastructure conditions and radiation of the key city. On this basis, some anti-poverty countermeasures suitable to local conditions are proposed.

  17. Microbial characteristics of food preparations in Benevento province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vittoria Ricci

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the microbiological quality of pastry products and gastronomic preparations served in food service establishments in Benevento province, Southern Italy. A total of 125 samples were collected from food service establishments. Parameters investigated were: aerobic plate counts (APCs, total Coliform bacteria counts, beta-glucuronidase-positive Escherichia (E. coli counts, Enterobacteriaceae counts, coagulase-positive Staphylococci counts, isolation of Salmonella spp., Bacillus (B. cereus counts, and isolation of Listeria (L. monocytogenes. The microbiological quality was good, with absence of the pathogens L. monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. and extremely rare presence of E. coli. The fresh pastry and the uncooked gastronomy products were the most contaminated groups; also, cooked cold-served gastronomy products were susceptible to microbiological risk, as a result of the inadequate reheating and the interruption of the warm chain. On the contrary, dried pastry and cooked warm-served gastronomy products showed an excellent hygienic profile. In fact, the amount of compliant samples was 74.4%.

  18. Comparison and Selection of Organization Modes in Edible Fungus Industry of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanxiang; GE; Jilian; HU; Zhijian; GUO

    2013-01-01

    China is the largest producer and exporter of edible fungus in the world,and Shandong is the largest producer of edible fungus in China.This study is intended to select suitable organization mode for edible fungus industry of Shandong Province.On the basis of types and characteristics of existing edible fungus production modes in China,it is concluded that Shandong Province should take following measures:(1)giving priority to development of integrated organization mode;(2)steadily promoting park and factory mode in economically developed regions;(3)developing circular agriculture in regions with solid foundation of agriculture and animal husbandry.Finally,it puts forward following recommendations:(1)speeding up construction of standardization and information platform for edible fungus industry;(2)improving quality of personnel engaged in edible fungus industry;(3)bringing into play driving effect of leading enterprises;(4)developing and introducing deep processing enterprises.

  19. Protection of Geographical Indication Intellectual Property of Tea in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Zhi-guo; WANG Shu-ting; ZHANG Min; XIONG Wan-zhen

    2012-01-01

    As to tea resources in Guangdong Province at present,there are 4 kinds of national geographical indication products,2 national geographical indication trademarks,and 1 kind of national geographical indication of agricultural products.We conduct a analysis on the current protection of geographical indication intellectual property of tea in Guangdong Province,and put forth the following countermeasures:(i) Conducting indepth study of geographical indication characteristics of famous tea;(ii) Exploiting and arranging the intangible cultural heritage of tea;(iii) Focusing on the protection pattern of geographical indication products established by the General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine;(iv) Taking full advantage of special mark of geographical indication.

  20. MELIORATIVE DEVICES AND THEIR ROLE IN THE ECOENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION AREAS AGRICULTURAL PODLASKIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksander Kiryluk

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In the article presented the condition of melioration on the agricultural uses of the podlaskie province. Actually, agricultural meliorations step out on the surface approx. 360 thousand .ha in the province, what makes up 30% total surface of agricultural use. The most devices of water meliorations detailed step on grassland and on the arable soils of good classes. The weak condition of meliorative detailed devices results: they do not allow to regulate mo-istening in soils. Bad technical condition meliorative detailed devices results from the lack of the systematic their conservation and inappropriate exploitation, and also relinquishment of use of the soils of arable and grassland. Exploited practically and conserved meliorative ditches and buildings on the meliorated objects allow to the improvement of the quality of the natural environment on country areas.

  1. Analysis of Factors Influencing the Development Effect of Characteristic Agriculture in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ying

    2012-01-01

    Based on 303 questionnaires of farmers in different types of areas of Henan Province, we analyze the impact of various factors (different types of areas, types of characteristic agriculture, sales of characteristic agricultural products, risk management of characteristic agricultural products, science and technology reliance, and improvement in farmers’ life) on the development of characteristic agriculture in Henan Province, using Logistic model. The results show that improving farmers’ living standards, expanding the sales channels, increasing scientific and technological input and perfecting risk management mechanism of agricultural products, is of great significance to promoting farmers’ satisfaction, and improving the development effect of characteristic agriculture. Finally, the relevant policy recommendations are put forth for the development of characteristic agriculture: increasing the government support; relying on scientific and technological progress to improve the quality of characteristic agricultural products; cultivating and improving the market system; perfecting risk management system.

  2. Analysis of Climate Change Effect on Camellia Oil Content in Fujian Province of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YU Hui-kang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Fujian Province is one of the main camellia oleifera production areas in China. Camellia oleifera is also an important characteristic varieties of woody oil, which can produce the high quality seed oil. By using of 0.5°(E×0.5°(Nlattice data of China ground temperature and precipitation from 1961 to 2010 which came from National Meteorological Information Center in 2013, this paper extracted the corre-sponding decadal climate data of Fujian Province to carry on statistical and variation analysis, applied climate models of the integrated assess-ment for camellia oil content by using of ArcGIS geographic information technology and probability statistics method to regionalize the oil content of camellia oleifera temporal and spatial distribution from 1961s to 2010s in Fujian Province, analyzed the variation relationship be-tween the oil content and climate essential factor of the monthly decadal mean temperature and precipitation in September at the stage of the key growth period of camellia oil fat accumulation and transformation, evaluated the regional characteristics of camellia oil content variation affected by climate factors in Fujian Province from 1961s to 2010s. The results showed that the decadal mean precipitation in September had a positive significant correlation with oil content change and played a major role of camellia oleifera production in Fujian Province; the signif-icant characteristics of that oil content level in high or low followed the decadal alternate change. There were obviously different oil content level between high oil decadal(1960s, 1980s, 2000sand low oil decadal(1970s, 1990s, and its significant variation period was 20 years. The decadal difference was not significant in temperature coefficient of variation (CvT, which affected the oil content was not obvious either. But there had significant change between precipitation coefficient of variation(CvRand oil content coefficient of variation(Cvf, and their

  3. QUALITY ASSESSEMENT OF ANTE-NATAL CARE USING THE METHOD OF LOT QUALITY ASSURANCE SAMPLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh. Salarilak

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available To determine the coverage rate, timeliness and quality of ante-natal care in rural areas under the coverage of Health Houses in West Azerbaijan province, 30 Health Houses (HH were randomly selected out of 731 HH in the province. In each HH, using the method of Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS 28 women having recently born babies was selected. Data were collected using check-list for facilities, and questionnaires and forms to be completed from the files by interview. The study showed that the method of LQAS is quite effective for evaluation of this service at HH level. The weighted total coverage of ante-natal care was 46.2%. Quality of care was acceptable for 53.9% of mothers. The weighted average of time lines of care was 49.8%. Availability of facilities in delivery of this service was 100%, showing there was no short coming in this respect.

  4. A Study of TQM Implementation Outcomes in Hamadan Province, District Health Systems 2000-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Hamidi

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The overall objective of this study was to determine TQM application in health systems of different countries and designing an appropriate model for Iran through experimenting in Hamadan Province District Health Systems. Its most important special objectives were: analyzing action plan for TQM and the achievements in different countries –including IRAN, primary modeling TQM and proposing it for health systems, experimenting of the mentioned above model in 8 DHSs` of Hamadan province , analyzing the results of applying TQM and at the end proposing appropriate strategy for successful implementation of TQM. This research was a semi exprimental study that after one year from applying proposed model in 8 DHSs` of Hamadan Province short-term results were evaluated. The results showed a positive change in organizational culture, teamwork, process oriented and customer satisfaction in the trial field. In a way that 42.5% of responses agreed with cultural change in organization, 45.5% claimed increasing of teams problem solving effectiveness. As a necessiation technical aspect of quality improvement projects, process capability ratio (PCR, in some process was dramatically increased, in a way that PCR in vaccination process(from 0.8 to 1.08 , health card issued(from 0.82 to 1.71, child care(from 0.5 to 1.3, health house reports(from 0.24 to 1.5 and delivery of LD&HD pill (from 0.41 to 1.48 improved. The most driving forces capable of affecting success of TQM were: committed and supportive management (87%, continuous education (85%, Strategic planning(73%,and Employee participation(65%. Considering the maintained above results, TQM implementation in Hamadan province district health systems, not only increased quality of key processes, but also created positive culture change.

  5. A Glance at Bohai Bay Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Shoubai

    1995-01-01

    @@ Chinese oil industry keeps on developing in 1994. The oil production of Bohai Bay Oil Province located in East China also keeps on growing. Geologically,the total area of Bohai Bay Basin is about 200 000 km2 and the main structural units are: Liaohe Depression, Huanghua Depression,Jizhong Depression, Linqing Depression, Jiyang Depression, Changwei Depression, Bozhong Depression,Chengning Uplift and Cangjing Uplift (see figure 1). Area of the main structural units is listed in following:

  6. JPRS Report, China, Work Reports: Northeast Provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    cultural market . [passage omitted] county and township People’s Congresses throughout the province. By conscientiously performing functions and III...nationalities," thus promoting the work concerning cultural market by deeply waging the antipornography minority nationalities. We actively promoted the...pornography" or enhance the mechanism of having leading personnel thoroughly, and further purify the cultural market . be responsible for the family planning

  7. US Local Government Delegation Visits Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuan; You

    2015-01-01

    A 12-member US Local Government Delegationled by Wisconsin Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch visited Sichuan Province December 11-13 at the invitation of the CPAFFC.Consisting of lieutenant governors,state legislators,mayors,government officials of cities and counties from eight states—Wisconsin,Washington,New York,Colorado,Illinois,Tennessee,Kansas and Missouri—the delegation was organized by the China-United States Exchange Foundation(CUSEF).Established in Hong Kong in 2008

  8. Curie surface of Borborema Province, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Raphael T.; Vidotti, Roberta M.; Oksum, Erdinc

    2016-06-01

    The Curie surface interpreted from magnetic data through spatial frequency domain techniques is used to provide information on the thermal structure of Borborema Province. The Borborema Province is part of the neoproterozoic collision of an orogenic system situated between the São Francisco-Congo and São Luís-West Africa cratons, which formed the Gondwana Supercontinent. The Curie surface of Borborema Province varies from 18 to 59 km, which reveals the complexity in the crustal composition of the study area. The thermal structure shows different crustal blocks separated by the main shear zones, which corroborates the evolution model of allochthonous terranes. The Curie surface signature for the west portion of Pernambuco Shear Zone may indicate processes of mantle serpentinization, once the Curie isotherm is deeper than Mohorovic discontinuity. In this region, the amplitude of Bouguer anomaly decreases, which corroborates long wavelength anomaly observed in the magnetic anomaly. We interpreted this pattern as evidence of the Brasiliano-Pan-Africano's subduction/collision event. Earthquakes in the region are concentrated mainly in shallow Curie surface regions (less resistant crust) and in transition zones between warm and cold blocks. We calculated the horizontal gradient of the Curie depth to emphasize the signature of contact between the thermal blocks. These regions mark possible crustal discontinuities, and have high correlation with orogenic gold occurrence in the study area.

  9. Rodent consumption in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwannarong, Kanokwan; Chapman, Robert S

    2014-09-01

    Rodents are important reservoirs of rodent-borne infections worldwide, including Southeast Asia and Northeast Thailand (Isaan), where rodent consumption may be a source of rodent-borne diseases. The behavior of consuming rodents is related to a population's traditions, knowledge, cultural, and household contexts, among other factors. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand during November-December 2011. It aimed to elicit information about rodent consumption among residents of this province, and to identify factors associated with rodent consumption there. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that male gender, large family size, and use of rainwater as the main source of drinking water were positively associated with reported rodent consumption in this province, while having proper knowledge/attitudes towards animal-borne disease was negatively associated. These results provide evidence-base information for further studies, such as participatory ac- tion research, to further explore how people interact with rodents in different contexts. Further research is also needed to characterize risk of zoonotic diseases in relation to rodent consumption.

  10. Simulated water productivity in Gansu Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Jinyan; Sun, Zhongxiao; Wang, Zhan; Chen, Jiancheng; Li, Zhaohua

    Economic value of water and economic analysis of water use management in Gansu Province of China have attracted widespread public attention. With the socioeconomic development, research on water resources has become more important than before. In this study, we define "water productivity" as the changes of economic production outputs of sectoral activities in every cubic meter of water input, which is also the technical coefficient of water resource use in each sector. According to Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) framework, based on the Input-Output Table 2007 and water resources bulletin of Gansu Province, we introduced the water into the ORANI-G (A Generic Single-Country Computable General Equilibrium model) model through the nested constant elasticity of substitution (CES) production function to analyze the changes of economic productions caused by water supply changes. We then examined water productivity in different sectors. Empirical results showed that current water productivity is underestimated. Agricultural water productivity is lower than that of the secondary and tertiary industries, even although agricultural water use is the largest part of water use in Gansu Province, and therefore improving agricultural water productivity can greatly mitigate the water shortage. Simulation results indicate that industrial transformation and development of water-saving industries will also mitigate water scarcity. Moreover, sensitivity analysis shows that the empirical results are robust under different scenarios. The results also show that higher constant elasticity of substitution rate (CES) between water and other production factors will contribute to sustainable development.

  11. Quality guidance and quality formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Carsten Stig; Juhl, Hans Jørn; Kristensen, Kai

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents an extension of the quality guidance model of Steenkamp and van Trijp that includes consumer quality formation processes. Quality expectations and quality experiences are seen as antecedents of perceived overall product quality conceptual model is applied using LISREL to a data...... set on Danish butter cookies. Five plausible models of the relation between expectation, experience and perceived product quality are estimated. Finally one model is selected on the basis of three criteria: chi-square, RMSEA and AIC: The results show a model where expectations are indirectly related...... to perceived quality through experience. Udgivelsesdato: APR...

  12. Empirical Analysis of the Vegetable Industry in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We first introduce the status quo of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province,and then conduct empirical analysis of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province.Further,we analyze the development advantage of the vegetable industry in Hebei Province using SAI(Scale Advantage Indices) and SCA(Symmetric Comparative Advantage),drawing the conclusion that the vegetable industry in Hebei Province has much room for development;at the same time,we analyze the factors influencing vegetable consumption of residents in Hebei Province through the regression model,drawing the conclusion that the vegetable consumer price index is the main factor affecting the consumption.Finally we make recommendations for the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province as follows:increasing financial input,promoting policy guarantee capacity;implementing brand strategy,promoting the competitiveness of products;improving the ecological environment,promoting industrialization of pollution-free vegetables.

  13. 浙江省西红花“二段法”优质高产栽培技术研究%High-quality and High-yield Cultivation Technique of Two Segments Method for Crocus sativus L.in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶君凤; 王根法; 吕伟德

    2012-01-01

    通过西红花栽培研究试验及示范推广,作者对西红花的药用价值、特征特性、栽培技术、田间管理、病虫害防治及采收加工进行了系统的研究,提出浙江省西红花“二段法”栽培的技术措施.西红花在浙江高产栽培的关键是选用8g以上的种球,11月上中旬田间露地种植,在科学的肥水运筹下越冬生长并发育形成新的子球,翌年5月植株休眠将商品用球采收放到室内通风阴湿的环境下催芽,10月底到11月采花.这套技术的推广应用为浙江省西红花产业发展及栽培管理提供了科学依据.%Based on the cultivation test and demonstration, the characteristics, medicinal value, cultivation technique, field management, pest control, harvest and process of Crocus sativus L. Were analyzed systemically. Two Segments Method for the cultivation of C. Sativus in Zhejiang Province was put forward. Selecting bulbs above 8 g was the key for high-yield cultivation of C. Sativus in Zhejiang Province. In early November, C. Sativus was cultivated in the open field, and grew over winter under scientific application of fertilizer and water. In the following May, bulbs were collected in ventilating, shady and humid room to accelerate germination. Flowers were collected from late October to November. Popularization of this matching technique provided scientific guidance for the industrial development and cultivation management of C. Sativus.

  14. Study on Sustainable Development Capability of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren Ziping; Luo Qishan; Wang Yanchun; Deng Hongbing; Zhao Jingzhu

    2005-01-01

    Based on the indicator system of Sustainable Development ( SD ), Shandong Province was selected as an example for assessment with AHP method and the standard year was 1978. The conclusion was that Shandong Province' s ability of SD was being strengthened step by step, and there were also some restrictive factors, and according to the basic conditions of Shandong Province, countermeasures and strategy of SD were put forward.

  15. CBERS-2B Monitored Forest Fires In Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rain.L

    2008-01-01

    @@ Several forest fires hit Yunnan Province,in the southwest of China from April 6 to 9.Two disastrous fires happened near Shangri-La County,Yunnan Province.According to the requirement of the Land and Surveying Department of Yunnan Province,the China Center for Resources Satellite Data & Application (CRESDA) provided satellite monitoring images to detect the events.The processed CBERS-2B images were delivered to the related departments for decision making and disaster relief.

  16. Evaluation of the Rural Human Settlement in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Hong; Shen Meiyu; Chen Xiangxiang

    2012-01-01

    Taking Shandong Province as the research object, this paper uses the principal component analysis method to evaluate the status of the rural human settlement in Shandong Province. It establishes the evaluation index system of the rural residential environment in Shandong Province, including living environment, economy, infrastructure, public service facilities, and ecological environment, in total five comprehensive index, and 20 second~ ary indexes. Through measurement and sorting of rural human environment development level of Shandong Province in 2010, the 17 cities are divided into-excellent, good, ordinary, poor-four development areas and are analyzed based on the restriction factor in the development of the region.

  17. Investigation and Study on Employment Status of Migrant Workers in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Ji-ying; Wang Yao

    2015-01-01

    With the gradual acceleration of urbanization speed and continuous improvements of agricultural productivity, the number of migrant workers is increasing. The living conditions of this group in cities determine the quality of urbanization in China, and are of great and far-reaching significance to Chinese construction of comprehensive well-off society. This study took the migrant workers in Heilongjiang Province as the research object, and took the representative new-generation migrant workers as the respondent to have a comprehensive analysis of the employment status. The study focused on these aspects, such as nature information, employment selection, employment quality, and social security, etc. Finally, it provided valuable ideas and methods on the reasonable solutions of the employment problems of the migrant workers to better increase farmers' income and improve their living qualities.

  18. Scope and importance of non-governmental organisations activities’ and their evaluation by rural residents of the podkarpackie province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grzybek

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the type of operating 210 non-governmental organizations and the scope of their activities in rural areas the Podkarpackie province. The research results show that most active units are, commonly known by inhabitants, voluntary fire brigades, sports clubs, farmer housewives’ associations and folkloristic associations. The activity of these organisations was related to learning, culture, education, upbringing, as well as public safety and environment protection. The opinions of 595 people from the surveyed municipalities were taken into account, in terms of quality of their activities in the local community. The results confirmed full acceptance of nonprofit organizations’ activity, and dominance of good and very good ratings was a recognition of high quality of their services and important role they play in rural areas of the Podkarpackie province.

  19. Quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, B.M.; Gleckler, B.P.

    1995-06-01

    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the quality assurance and quality control practices of Hanford Site environmental monitoring and surveillance programs. Samples are analyzed according to documented standard analytical procedures. This section discusses specific measures taken to ensure quality in project management, sample collection, and analytical results.

  20. Water quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aquatic animals are healthiest and grow best when environmental conditions are within certain ranges that define, for a particular species, “good” water quality. From the outset, successful aquaculture requires a high-quality water supply. Water quality in aquaculture systems also deteriorates as an...

  1. Quality of Family Life and Mortality in Seventeenth Century Dublin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Thomas E.

    2010-01-01

    Inquiry into the quality of family life in seventeenth century Dublin is an attempt to understand conditions in the second largest city in the British Isles; further, the era was one of convulsions in the body politic, social, and religious. The Scottish James I and VI (1556 1625) determined that the Irish province closest to Scotland, Ulster,…

  2. Assessing Hospital Disaster Preparedness of Bushehr province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakimeh Vahedparast

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: In disasters, large number of causalities rash into the hospitals in order to get health facilities. So, hospitals are the reference point for delivering the health services in all levels for helping to the most percent of injured people. Aim of study was to assess hospital disaster preparedness of Bushehr province. Maretial and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study which has been done in all Bushehr province hospitals. In order to collect data, we used 210 questions checklist with 10 different aims each aim had consisted of 6 different domains (equipment, working stuff, physical space, structure, protocols and functional chart. The checklists were completed by direct observation and evaluation of equipment, programs and documents based on their domains with different people. Results: The hospital preparedness in traffic base was very poor with mean number of 19/04±16/10 evaluation of security education and management domain with mean number 35/29±26/52, 38/65±19/46, 36/36±24/05, respectively were poor. In logistics, workforce, communications, excused transportation and addition to the hospitals with the mean number of 53/26±26/31, 49/65±27/61, 45/53±18/29, 43/33±19/72, and 40/47±20/37 were estimated as average. The most number was belonged to the emergency with the mean number of 53/80±19/18. Conclusion: The Bushehr province hospitals have not enough preparation against unexpected disasters and cannot be a good supporter for disaster happening, and in the occasions of happenings so many serious problems will occur. It will be suggested that the hospital managers should pay more attention to the unexpected disasters.

  3. Impact of the June 2013 Riau province Sumatera smoke haze event on regional air pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewi Ayu Kusumaningtyas, Sheila; Aldrian, Edvin

    2016-07-01

    Forest and land fires in Riau province of Sumatera increase along with the rapid deforestation, land clearing, and are induced by dry climate. Forest and land fires, which occur routinely every year, cause trans-boundary air pollution up to Singapore. Economic losses were felt by Indonesia and Singapore as the affected country thus creates tensions among neighboring countries. A high concentration of aerosols are emitted from fire which degrade the local air quality and reduce visibility. This study aimed to analyze the impact of the June 2013 smoke haze event on the environment and air quality both in Riau and Singapore as well as to characterize the aerosol properties in Singapore during the fire period. Air quality parameters combine with aerosols from Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) data and some environmental parameters, i.e. rainfall, visibility, and hotspot numbers are investigated. There are significant relationships between aerosol and environmental parameters both in Riau and Singapore. From Hysplit modeling and a day lag correlation, smoke haze in Singapore is traced back to fire locations in Riau province after propagated one day. Aerosol characterization through aerosol optical depth (AOD), Ångstrom parameter and particle size distribution indicate the presence of fine aerosols in a great number in Singapore, which is characteristic of biomass burning aerosols. Fire and smoke haze even impaired economic activity both in Riau and Singapore, thus leaving some accounted economic losses as reported by some agencies.

  4. Colorectal cancer trends in Kerman province, the largest province in Iran, with forecasting until 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roya, Nikbakht; Abbas, Bahrampour

    2013-01-01

    Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers. The aim of this study is determination its trends in Kerman province and individual cities separately until year 2016. This analytical and modeling study was based of cancer registry data of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, collected during 2001-2010. Among 20,351 cancer case, 792 were colorectal cancer cases in age group 18-93 years with a mean of 59.4 and standard deviation of 15.1. By applying time series and data trends, incidences were predicted until 2016 for the province and each city, with adjustment for population size. In colorectal cases, 413 (52%) were male, and 379 (48%) were female. The annual increasing rate in Kerman province overall was and can be expected to be 6%, and in the cities of the province Rafsanjan, Bardsir, Bam, Kerman, Baft, Sirjan, Jiroft, Kahnuj and Manujan had an increasing range from 5 to 14% by the year 2016. But in Ravar, Zarand and Shahrbabak reduction in rates of at least 2% could be predicted. The time series showed that the trend of colorectal cancer in female will increase 15% and in male 7% by year 2016. Given the trend of this cancer is increasing so that resources will be consumed in the treatment of the patients, efforts shoudlbe focused on prevention and early diagnosis of the disease. Screening could have an important role leading to improved survival.

  5. Spatial relationship between soil fertility quality and human activities accessibility in the red eroded area of southern China:A case study in Zhuxi Watershed, Changting County, Fujian Province%南方红壤侵蚀区土壤肥力质量与人为活动可达性的空间关系——以福建长汀县朱溪流域为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志强; 陈志彪; 陈海滨; 陈丽慧

    2012-01-01

    人为活动可达性对土壤肥力质量具有重要影响.以南方红壤侵蚀区典型流域福建省长汀县朱溪流域为研究区,选取10个土壤肥力质量因子,基于“3S”技术并结合野外调查,对10个土壤肥力质量因子进行叠加,生成土壤肥力质量等级图;根据相对高度、DEM生成的坡度、SPOT影像提取的土地利用图、距居民点和交通用地的远近,创建人为活动可达性综合评价指数,整个研究区可达性由最难到达至最易到达可分为5级.结果表明:1)人为活动可达性从“中等”到“困难”到“很困难”,土壤肥力质量总体呈上升趋势,可达性难度逐渐增大导致开发利用难度增大,人为活动的干扰程度相对减少;2)在人为活动可达性“容易”和“很容易”2个级别,分布着所有的“很好”和大部分“好”2个土壤肥力质量级别,并与流域下游的耕地地类对应,同时“容易”和“很容易”2个级别所在区域自然条件较好,人类开发利用强度大,导致部分区域土壤肥力质量级别较低;3)人为活动可达性是土壤肥力质量的重要但不是唯一影响因素;4)今后相关研究应加强土壤肥力质量综合评价模型中人为活动的定量表达,从而深入解 释南方红壤侵蚀区人为活动与土壤肥力的复杂关系.%Human activities accessibility plays an important role in soil fertility quality. This study were conducted in Zhuxi Watershed of Changting County, Fujian Province, the typical representative area of red eroded soil in Southern China. The spatial relationship between human activities accessibility and soil fertility quality was evaluated. After selecting ten soil fertility factors, the soil fertility quality was generated by overlaying ten factors based on 3S technique and field investigation. A compound-accessibility evaluation index was created based on relative altitude, slope from DEM, land use from SPOT images, distance to

  6. A path analysis of the cultivated land change in Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Hubei Province is one of the critical grain production regions in China with the quantitative cultivated land and good natural condition; it plays an important role in grain security in China. However, owing to rapid economic growth, population pressures, anthropogenic activities, and natural disasters, the quality of the cultivated land has significantly decreased in recent years and environmental resources are under increasing stress. In order to research on the mechanism of the change of the cultivated land, this paper analyzes qualitatively the influencing factors of the cultivated land change in Hubei Province from 1978 to 2004, and distinguishes the direct factors from indirect influent ones by means of the approach of the path analysis. The result shows that the area of the rent land in the total nonagricultural land, the total population growth and the fixed asset investment are the main factors deciding the change of the cultivated land. Meanwhile, the density of the transportation network, the proportion of per capita income of rural citizens to that of urban citizens, non-agricultural gross domestic production's share of the total GDP has a less direct effect but a more indirect influence on the decrease of the cultivated land in Hubei Province. The result means that while some factors have less direct influence on the change of the cultivated land, its indirect influence are significant, wce versa. Thus it's necessary to adopt a comprehensive measurement to protect the cultivated land.

  7. The Obstacles,Paths and Mechanisms of the Sustainable Development of Farmers’ Cooperatives in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the description of the major role played by famers’ cooperatives in developing rural economy and in increasing the income of farmers,the obstacles of the sustainable development of famers’ cooperatives in Hebei Province are introduced.Firstly,the cooperative mechanism is imperfect;secondly,the development is substandard;thirdly,the coverage of preferential policy is limited;fourthly,the capitals and financing problem are difficult;fifthly,the operation is single;sixthly,the construction of marketing channels is the weak;seventhly,the professional talents are scarce.The sustainable development paths of famers’ cooperatives in Heibei Province are analyzed.Firstly,conducting value-added processing and taking the way of materialized development,industrialized operation and enterprise-style management;secondly,implementing agricultural quality and brand strategy and moving into the high level market;thirdly,constructing modern agricultural marketing and taking the road of supermarket agriculture;fourthly,enforcing the management of information and getting efficiency from information;fifthly,developing recycling agriculture and taking the way of improving resource efficiency.There are five ways for establishing the operational mechanism of sustainable development of farmers’ cooperatives in Heibei Province.The government should innovate the cooperation mechanism;innovating training and education mechanism;innovating production mechanism;innovating financial mechanism;innovating marketing mechanism.

  8. Analysis on Characteristics and Functions of the Peasant Workers’ Returning Home for Venturing in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Features and effects of returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province are analyzed.Returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province depends on traditional agriculture to develop the quantitative business of planting and breeding,local resources to develop the processing of building materials and agricultural products,small towns to develop service industry such as catering and tourism and the capital accumulated when working in the outside to achieve the transformation from an ordinary worker to an entrepreneur.Returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province promotes the employment and expends ways of transferring rural labor force and increasing incomes.Advantageous recourses are attracted to the rural and underdeveloped areas,which is beneficial to narrowing the gap between the urban and rural areas.It can also promote the transformation of agricultural developmental methods and speed the pace of building modern agriculture.And a group of talents with higher qualities are provided for new rural construction through the modeling and leading role.Entrepreneurship and urbanization are combined together to advance the process of rural urbanization.

  9. 我国县级城市发展质量综合评价--以江苏省县级市为例%Comprehensively Evaluating the Development Quality of Cities of County Level of China--Taking the Cities of County Level of Jiangsu Province as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白先春; 凌亢; 朱龙杰; 王芳

    2005-01-01

    The evaluative indices system of cities at county level development quality is constructed. According to the goal value of every evaluation and the model of synthesis evaluation, the development quality of 27cities at county level in Jiangsu provincial is analysed comprehensively from 2000 to 2002. The quantitative model in common condition that measures the degree of harmony development between the qualitative systems of city is used. The development harmony of 27 cities qualitative systems is studied separately on the basis of the model of harmony degree and the synthesis evaluation result in three years urbanization process lately.

  10. Payenia volcanic province, southern Mendoza, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina; Holm, Paul Martin; Llambias, Eduardo Jorge

    2013-01-01

    The Pleistocene to Holocene Payenia volcanic province is a backarc region of 60,000 km2 in Mendoza, Argentina, which is dominated by transitional to alkaline basalts and trachybasalts. We present major and trace element compositions of 139 rocks from this area of which the majority are basaltic...... basalts, trace element variations suggest a significant contribution from lower crustal melts, possibly up to 70% in the most extreme cases. The contaminating lower crustal rocks must have been depleted mafic rocks with a plagioclase component. The extensive melting of lower crust is probably related...

  11. Hydrogeologic Provinces for California based upon established groundwater basins and watershed polygons.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Ten hydrogeologic provinces of California are represented by a region- class feature called "provinces" within this digital data set. These provinces were identified...

  12. Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gases Emission form Canned Fish Production in Iran a Case Study: Khuzestan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas Asakereh; Asadalah Akram; Shahin Rafiee; Afshin Marzban

    2010-01-01

    Energy is a fundamental ingredient in the process of economic development, as it provides essential services that maintain economic activity and the quality of human life but intensive use of it causes problems threatening public health and environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate energy consumption and greenhouse gases emission from canned fish production in the Khuzestan province, Iran, to determine the losing energy factors and pollutant emission. In this research, canneries, con...

  13. Determination Testing of Seed Hardness of Staple Breeding Wheat Seed in Gansu Province of China

    OpenAIRE

    Fei Dai; Zhengsheng Han; Fengwei Zhang; Wuyun Zhao; Aimin Gao; Xingkai Li

    2015-01-01

    Seed hardness is one of the important indexes of grain classification. It has close relationship with grain powder, flour quality, seed storage and processing, resist insect pest and so on. In this study, which applied based on the grain hardness indentation loading curve method and chose 3 kind of staple breeding wheat seed to determine the seed hardness in Gansu province. The experimental results showed that the average hardness value of staple breeding wheat seed was 22.42 MPa~57.85 MPa an...

  14. The Problems Existing in Building of Rural Community in Jilin Province and Corresponding Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses some problems existing in building of rural community in Jilin Province as follows:the funds for community building are short;the residents show sluggish participation in community;the infrastructure community building is backward;the organizational building of community lags behind;the operating mechanism is in chaos.Finally,corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward as follows:we should strengthen the funds guarantee of government for community building;we should reinforce the quality education for the rural residents;we should speed up the construction of rural infrastructure;we should improve organizational building of rural community.

  15. The Resilience of Bergamot Farmers in the Reggio Calabria Province of Southern Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Federico Ciani; Joseph Huggard; Thomas Zervas

    2014-01-01

    Bergamot is a citrus fruit with more than 90% of the global production coming from the Reggio Calabria province. It is used almost exclusively as an essential, high-quality fragrance ingredient. A study was carried out to examine the impact of the stability that has occurred in the bergamot sector after the reform of the bergamot value chain in 2007. The objectives of this paper are (i) to measure the resilience of bergamot producers, (ii) to highlight the structure of their resilience buildi...

  16. Status and Trends of GAP Base Construction of Chinese Materia Medica in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Ping; LAI Xiao-ping; XU Hong-hua; DU Qin; WANG Jian-gang; YING Ge; LIAO Hui-jun; DAI Lei; SHAO Yan-hua

    2012-01-01

    It is one of the key points for modernization and internationalization of traditional Chinese medicines to construct the Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) base of Chinese materia medica (CMM).GAP helps to minimize contamination and improve the quality of CMM during the plantation and the production of Chinese crude drugs.In this article,the status and development of CMM production bases of GAP in Guangdong Province,China,are presented.The suggestions upon the problems during the development of GAP for Chinese crude drugs are also provided.

  17. Defining Quality Indicators for Best-Practice Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geoffrey C Nguyen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of published data regarding the quality of care of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD in Canada. Clinical quality indicators are quantitative end points used to guide, monitor and improve the quality of patient care. In Canada, where universal health care can vary significantly among provinces, quality indicators can be used to identify potential gaps in the delivery of IBD care and standardize the approach to interprovincial management.

  18. Environmental Consequences of Rapid Urbanization in Zhejiang Province, East China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuchao Yang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China. Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government.

  19. [Emergy analysis of agro-ecolomic system in Shanxi Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Run-Ping; Rong, Xiang-Min

    2008-10-01

    By the methods of emergy, this paper studied the input and output, working efficiency, and environmental loading of the agro-ecolomic system in Shanxi Province in 2005. The results showed that in 2005, the agro-ecolomic system in Shanxi still stayed in the period of traditional agriculture, which mainly depended on manpower and environmental resources. The emergy investment ratio (EIR) was 1.07, emergy yield ratio (EYR) was 0.99, and environmental loading ratio (ELR) was 6.55. In the structural adjustment of agriculture, stockbreeding had made great strides forward, but grain crops other than rice and wheat, vegetables, and fruits still had smaller emergy yield and were far from becoming dominant industry. The efficiency of the agro-ecolomic system was lower, and its environmental loading press was bigger. For the future, the surplus labors in agriculture in Shanxi should be shifted continually to other industries, and the high quality emergy such as agricultural science and technology should be increased to improve the use efficiency of environmental resources and the input and output of the system emergy.

  20. Environmental consequences of rapid urbanization in zhejiang province, East china.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xuchao; Yue, Wenze; Xu, Honghui; Wu, Jingsheng; He, Yue

    2014-07-11

    Since reforms carried out in the late 1970s, China has experienced unprecedented rates of urban growth. Remote sensing data and surface observational data are used to investigate the urbanization process and related environmental consequences, focusing on extreme heat events and air pollution, in Zhejiang Province (ZJP, East China). Examination of satellite-measured nighttime light data indicates rapid urbanization in ZJP during the past decade, initially forming three urban clusters. With rapid urban sprawl, a significant Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect has emerged. During extreme heat events in summer, the UHI effect significantly exacerbates nocturnal heat stress in highly urbanized areas. Taking a long-term view, urbanization also causes additional hot days and hot degree days in urban areas. Urbanization also imposes a heavy burden on local and regional air quality in ZJP. Degraded visibility and an increase in haze days are observed at most meteorological stations, especially in the three urban clusters. The results show that urbanization has led to serious environmental problems in ZJP, not only on the city scale, but also on the regional scale. Maintaining a balance between the continuing process of urbanization and environmental sustainability is a major issue facing the local government.

  1. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangSongpei

    2005-01-01

    A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the wholecountry, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,

  2. Evaluation of Forest Resource Quality Based on Forest Management Inventory Data——A Case Study of Mingyueshan Forest Farm in Anfu County, Jiangxi Province%基于森林资源二类调查数据的森林资源质量评价——以江西安福县明月山林场为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张邦文; 郑世跃; 欧阳勋志; 韩天一; 房焕英; 赵芳

    2011-01-01

    森林资源质量评价有助于及时掌握森林资源的动态,为政府决策和企业制定森林经营方案等提供依据.以森林资源二类调查数据为评价依据,分别为商品林和公益林构建了林场级的森林资源质量评价指标体系,并运用层次分析法确定了各指标的权重;采用模糊综合评判法对安福县明月山林场的森林资源质量进行实例评价.结果表明:林场商品林资源质量为中等水平,商品林主要限制因子是林分蓄积生长量和年龄结构;公益林资源质量为优等,同时也存在幼龄林比重过大等问题;对林场森林资源总体而言,其质量处于中等水平,但整体上向可持续的方向发展.%Evaluation of forest resource quality is helpful to grasp its dynamics, providing references for the government to make decision and compilation of forest management plan. Dealing with commercial forest and public benefical forest reqpectively, the index system of forest resource quality evaluation was built based on the forest resource inventory data, the index-weight was determined with hierarchic analysis process; using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, the forest resource quality was evaluated, taking Mingyueshan forest farm in Anfu County for example. The results showed that, the quality of the commercial forest belonged to the middle level, the limiting factors were stand volume growth and trees' age structure; the quality of the publicbenefical forest belonged to the high level, the limiting factor was the large proportion of young forest. The forest resource quality of the whole forest farm belonged to the middle level, the forest resource quality on the whole forest farm was sustainable.

  3. Investigating the life quality of the recipients after the transplantationwith kidney from the brain-dead donors in Sichuan Province%四川省脑死亡器官捐献肾移植受者术后生活质量调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦宏; 狄文佳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the life quality of the recipients after the transplantation with kidney from the brain-dead donors. Methods A total of 18 recipients who underwent the brain-dead donor kidney transplantation at our center of organ transplantation between May 2011 and May 2012 were studied retrospectively in this study. We investigated the life quality of the recipients after the transplantation with kidney from brain-dead donors compared with the healthy control using SF-36 quality of life scale. Results In this study, the life quality of the recipients after the transplantation with kidney from brain-dead donors was improved significantly compared with the healthy men (P<0. 05). Conclusion The life quality of the recipients after the transplantation with kidney from brain-dead donors was improved significantly. Under the condition of organ shortage or no suitable relative donor, the DCD is worth trying for patients with renal failure.%了解脑死亡器官捐献肾移植受者术后生活质量.方法应用SF-36生活质量量表分析18例脑死亡器官捐献肾移植受者术后6个月的生活质量,并与肾移植术前及健康人群进行比较.结果 两种比较均平P<0.05,具有统计学意义.结论脑死亡器官捐献肾移植受者术后生活质量有极大提高,在器官短缺而又没有合适亲属捐献的现状下,DCD无疑为其带来了曙光.

  4. Impacts of shoreline erosion on coastal ecosystems in Songkhla Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nipaporn Chusrinuan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Songkhla Province is located on the eastern coast of the southern Thai Peninsula, bordering the Gulf of Thailand for approximately 107 km. Most of the basin’s foreshores have been extensively developed for housing, tourism and shrimp farming. The beaches are under deteriorating impacts, often causing sediment transport which leads to an unnaturally high erosion rate. This natural phenomenon is considered to be a critical problem in the coastal areas affected by the hazard of coastal infrastructure and reduced beach esthetics for recreation. In this study, shoreline changes were compared between 1975 and 2006 using aerial photographs and Landsat imageries using Geographic Information System (GIS. The results revealed that 18.5 km2 of the coastal areas were altered during the period. Of this, 17.3 km2 suffered erosion and 1.2 km2were subjected to accretion. The most significant changes occurred between 1975-2006. Shoreline erosion was found at Ban Paktrae, Ranot District, with an average erosion rate of 5.3 m/year, while accretion occurred at Laem Samila, MuangSongkhla District with an average accretion rate of 2.04 m/year. The occurrences of shoreline erosion have contributed to the degradation of coastal soil and water quality, destruction of beach and mangrove forests, loss of human settlements and livelihood.These processes have led to deterioration of the quality of life of the residents. Prevention and mitigation measures to lessen economic and social impacts due to shoreline erosion are discussed.

  5. The polypores of Guizhou Province I

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Thirty five species of polypores (Basidiomycetes,Aphyllophorales) from Guizhou Province are found from a field trip in Kuankuoshui Nature Reserve and Mt. Qianling, among which 6 species are new to China and 19 species are new to Guizhou. Three taxa in Antrodiella and Perenniporia were identified to genus, but no names were found for them in the literature, and they are evidently previously unkown species. Fomitopsis pinicola ( Sw.: Fr. ) P. Karst., Ganoderma applanatum (pers. ) Pat., Ganoderma tsunodae (Lloyd) Trott. and Rigidoporus lineatus (Pers. :Fr. ) Ryvarden are the pathogens on several trees of angiosperms in the province.%对贵州省宽阔水自然保护区和黔灵山的多孔菌进行了初步研究,共发现多孔菌35种,其中中国新纪录种6个,贵州新记录种19个.3个分类单位只鉴定到属,它们明显是中国以前未报道的种类,或为新种.松生层孔菌Fomitopsispinicola(Sw.:Fr.)P.Karst.,树舌灵芝Ganoderma applanatum(pers.)Pat.,粗皮灵芝Ganodermatsunodae(Lloyd)Trott.和平丝硬孔菌Rigidoporus lineatus(Pers.:Fr.)Ryvarden为树木病原菌.

  6. A Low-Li Geochemical Province in the NE Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bailey, J. C.; Gwozdz, R.

    1978-01-01

    Lithium was analysed in 392 basalts and related igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Tertiary-Recent province using activation analysis and Čerenkov counting. Monotonous Li values of 5.5±2 ppm in NE Atlantic basalts define a low-Li geochemical province which has persisted for 60 million years...

  7. Hainan Province Obtained 61 Exploration Rights in Multiple Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>According to news sources from Hainan Province Land and Resources Department, Hainan Province actively implemented geological prospecting "Walking out" strategy, up till now Hainan geological prospecting units and enterprises have acquired 61 exploration rights, and 4 mining rights in Mozambique, Madagascar,

  8. Integrated Coastal Management in the Province Ca Mau - Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stoop, B.; Bouziotas, D.; Hanssen, J.L.J.; Dunnewolt, J.; Postma, M.G.

    2015-01-01

    The province of Ca Mau is the southernmost part of Vietnam and the Mekong Delta. The water system of Ca Mau faces multiple challenges, both in its coastal zone and in its inland regions. the coastal zone in the province. In view of this, this study presents an integrated approach for combined coasta

  9. Provincial soil-quality monitoring networks in the Netherlands as an instrument for environmental protection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Busink, E.R.V.; Postma, S.

    2000-01-01

    Since 1991, several provinces in the Netherlands have put much effort in establishing soil-quality monitoring networks. The purpose of these networks is to provide insight in the trends in (geochemical) soil quality, on which new policies for environmental protection can be based, such as restrictio

  10. The Development Model of Agricultural Insurance in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pu; YOU

    2014-01-01

    The agricultural economy in Anhui Province is developing so fast,but farmers are severely affected by the frequent occurrence of natural disasters. The current agricultural insurance mode is not suitable,therefore,the research on agricultural insurance modes of Anhui Province helps to promote the steady development of the agricultural production. Starting from situation of agricultural insurance in Anhui Province,learning from both experience of foreign country and the latest successful domestic modes,we try to put forward agricultural insurance mode framework which is suitable for Anhui Province. Based on the actual situation of Anhui Province,it is necessary to adopt the mode of government leading combined with agricultural mutual aid rather than copy the existing mode.

  11. Developmental Strategies of Betel Nut Industry in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental status of the betel nut industry is introduced, including cultivation situation, processing and development situation, and consumer market situation. The result shows that the cultivation of betel nut in Hainan Province develops rapidly and the primary processing of betel nut has formed certain scale, but the deep processing of betel nut is backward. Except for the mino amount of the betel nuts consumed by Hainan Island, a large majority of the betel nuts are processed into dry fruit to sell to Hunan Province to reprocess. The problems exist in the development of betel nut industry in Hainan Province are analyzed, covering blind cultivation, extensive management, backward processing, lagged new product development and the single and concentrated consumer market. The strategic choice of developing the betel nut industry of Hainan Province is analyzed as well. Hainan Province should carry out the green, sustainable, diversified, cooperative and export-oriented industrial developmental strategy.

  12. PREFAB QUALITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wraber, Ida Kristina

    of building prefab wooden single family dwellings in Denmark. The main research questions are: 1) Architectural quality is commonly used in architectural discourse, but it does not seem to be a well defined concept. Is there a core of elements that form a general definition of architectural quality? 2) Prefab...... dwellings often seem to be looked upon as a lower class of dwellings - should it not be possible to build prefab dwellings of high architectural quality? 3) Wood is increasingly often seen in contemporary Danish building and is used as a cheap, strong, light and environmentally friendly material, but what...... quality of prefab wooden dwellings. This is done through a state of the art on architectural quality and a structuring of the presented theories into three theoretical clusters that are defined through three keywords each. These clusters and their keywords form a model for analysing architectural quality...

  13. Analysis of Factors Influencing Comprehensive Productivity of Agriculture in Henan Province on the Basis of Grey Correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the data from Henan Statistical Yearbook from 2002 to 2008, from production capital, production conditions, labour inputs and financial support, this paper selects 11 variables influencing comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province. Through calculation and analysis of grey correlation of variables and comprehensive productivity of agriculture, this paper determines the impact of different variables on comprehensive productivity of agriculture. The results show that the agricultural capital has become the most important factor influencing comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province, while the impact of production conditions, labour inputs and financial support on comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province diminishes in turn. Corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward to promote the sustainable development of comprehensive productivity of agriculture in Henan Province as follows: strengthen agricultural financial system building, and ensure agricultural production expenditure; scientifically arrange allocation of agricultural resources, and improve agricultural production conditions; carry out training of agricultural skills, and elevate the quality of agricultural labour forces; increase financial expenditure for agricultural production, and optimize financial expenditure structure.

  14. 贵州省典型煤矿区水体水质分析及其急性生物毒性%Water Quality Analysis and Acute Toxicity to Daphnia Carinata of Various Water Samples from Typical Coal Mining Areas in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俭; 吴永贵; 刘方; 喻阳华; 曾理; 王兰; 秦中

    2011-01-01

    Some water samples around 4 coal mines were collected in Guizhou Province to investigate the impact of coal mine exploitation on surface water environment. Physical and chemical characteristics of water samples were determined,and acute toxicity experiments were done for water samples with Daphnia carinata. Results indicated that the exploitation of coal mines caused serious pollution to water of the study area, with the highest contents of SO42-, Fe and Mn in water samples up to 2, 588.96 mg/L, 58.301mg/L and 7.097 mg/L respectively, as well as the lowest pH value 2.85. Coal acid mine drainage has a very strong acute toxicity to Daphnia carinata, with the 24 h LC50 ranges between 2.27% and 82.09%.Water in different coal mining areas has different biological toxicity, experimentresults showed that water samples from Maiping Coal Mine has the strongest acute biological toxicity, while from Dahebian Coal Mine in Shuicheng has the weakest biological toxicity, causing non-lethal effect to Daphnia carinata in 24 h.%为了解煤矿开采对周围水环境的影响,对贵州四个煤矿区水体的理化指标进行了测定,并用隆线溞对水样进行了急性生物毒件实验.结果表明,各煤矿的开采对研究区的地表水体均造成了不同程度污染,水体中SO42-、Fe与Mn的最高含量分别达到了2 588.96 mg/L.58.301 mg/L,7.097 mg/L.pH值最低为2.85.煤矿酸性废水对隆线溞有极强的急性生物毒性,其24 h LC50范围为2.27%~82.09%.不同煤矿区水体的生物毒性差异较大,花溪麦坪煤矿废水生物毒性最大,而水城大河边煤矿区水体最小,24 h内对隆线溞无致死作用.

  15. Aggregate Indices Method in Soil Quality Evaluation Using the Relative Soil Quality Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ho Ngoc Pham

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a new approach to assess the soil quality by aggregate indices using the Relative Soil Quality Index (RSQI proposed by Ho Ngoc Pham. RSQI is integrated from the individual indices into a simple formula for overall assessment of the soil quality. RSQI is different from other approaches. Particularly, the individual indices and the weighting factors of Pham are calculated from the analytical laboratory data and the environmental standards, respectively, and not self-regulated as in methods of some other authors. In this paper, the authors applied the RSQI to assess the Soil Environmental Quality of rice intensive cultivation areas through a case study in Haiduong province in 2013. The RSQI is calculated for sampling points in 12 districts and simulated the Soil Environmental Quality on GIS map. The results show that the Soil Environmental Quality of rice intensive cultivation areas in Haiduong is predominantly divided into three levels: good, moderate, and poor. According to the report of General Statistics Office for Haiduong province, rice intensive cultivation areas in 2013 achieved a relatively high average rice yield of 5.90 tonnes per hectare; it means actual soil properties are in line with results of the research.

  16. Simulation of Air Quality over Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Province of China with Application of Catalysts for Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx to Diesel Exhaust and Natural Gas Boilers%脱硝技术与天然气应用情景下京津冀地区空气质量模拟评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李健; 安俊岭; 陈勇; 屈玉

    2013-01-01

    Three scenarios were designed in which catalysts for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx were applied to diesel exhaust (Scenario 1), catalysts for SCR were applied to both diesel exhaust and natural gas boilers according to the Chinese energy plan for 2015 (Scenario 2), and the catalysts were applied as in Scenario 2 but the Chinese energy plan for 2030 was used (Scenario 3). Simulations were performed with the WRF-CAMx model in Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Province in China (the BTH region) for January, April, July, and October of 2007, representing winter, spring, summer, and autumn, respectively. The results indicate that Scenario 1 can reduce the surface NOx concentrations by 20% in Beijing and Tianjin and by 5%in Hebei Province, and decrease the PM2.5 (particulate matter with diameters less than or equal to 2.5μm) concentrations by 10%in the BTH region. Scenarios 2 and 3 lead to decreases of more than 20%and more than 30%, respectively, in the surface concentrations of NOx and PM2.5 over the BTH region. This suggests that decreases in the surface concentrations of NOx and PM2.5 depend significantly on the amount of the catalyst used for SCR in diesel exhaust and natural gas boilers over the BTH region. The chemical process plays a key role in the formation of nitrates, sulfates, and ammonium salts, which are major components of PM2.5 over the BTH region. The surface concentrations of nitrates, sulfates, and ammonium salts contribute more than 60%in winter, spring, and autumn, more than 70% in summer and autumn, and approximately 25% in all four seasons, respectively, to the surface PM2.5 concentration. This implies that a large reduction in the emissions of major precursors of PM2.5, e.g., NOx, SO2, NH3, volatile organic compounds, and CO, can effectively reduce surface concentrations of PM2.5.%  针对京津冀地区主要大气污染物NOx(氮氧化物)和PM2.5(大气中粒径小于或等于2.5μm的颗粒物),应用柴油车尾气净

  17. Een vegetatiewaardering van het stroomdallandschap van het Merkske (N.-Br.), gebaseerd op een floristische inventarisatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mennema, J.

    1973-01-01

    The vegetation of the valley of the rivulet Merkske; an evaluation based on a floristic investigation The valley of the meandering rivulet Merkske (in the province of Noord-Brabant, Netherlands, and the province of Antwerp, Belgium) is menaced with deterioration by the intended canalization of the m

  18. LIFECYCLE QUALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birhanu Beshah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Effectiveness of quality management in the effort to satisfy customers' expectations has been questioned both by academicians and practitioners. In the course of the evolution of quality, very important theories have been developed in the field but failed to satisfy customers' expectation. The aim of this paper is to examine the challenge and develop a new method to address it. Following a literature review on the evolution of the concept of quality, confusions and limitations in the present paradigm are clarified. Then the future quality paradigm is proposed, and two practical cases are presented to substantiate the new approach. Quality management evolved from product inspection at the final stages of the production process. Basically, manufacturers take care of quality up to the point where a product is delivered to a customer. Product failure occurs due to various reasons after purchase. However, this happened or discovered during operational phase of the product which subsequently result in dissatisfaction for the users after purchase. To address this misalignment, all inclusive approach called Lifecycle Quality came into being as the future generation's paradigm. Misalignment between the manufacturer and the customer's desire in the operational phases of a product life - time leads to market loss to the former and dissatisfaction to the latter. Considering lifecycle quality of the product will definitely resolve the occurrence of such undesired outcomes affecting the two parties.

  19. Dengue virus serotype in Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paisal

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available WHO estimated 50 million dengue infections happen every year in the world. In Indonesia, there were 90,245 DHF cases on 2012 with 816 deaths. In the Province of Aceh, 2,269 cases happened in the same year. This study aimed to identify dengue virus serotype in Aceh. Sampling was done in Kota Banda Aceh Hospital, Kota Lhokseumawe Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Hospital, and Kabupaten Simeulue Hospital between May to December 2012. This was a clinical laboratory research with observation design using cross sectional approach. Research’s population was sample from patients with dengue clinical symptom. Using purposive sampling technique, we have collected 100 samples from the five hospitals (20 samples from each hospital. From RT-PCR, we found 16 positive samples (9 samples were DENV-4, 3 samples were DENV-1, 2 samples were DENV-2, and 2 samples were DENV-3.

  20. Agricultural Investment Environment in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The features of ageing,low educational level and female domination on the part of agricultural labor forces,determine that the sustainable development of agriculture can not rely entirely on farmers,who are engaged in dispersed planting and small-scale operation,therefore,improving agricultural investment environment,and taking positive measures to promote diversification of the main body of agricultural investment,is the key to the healthy development of agriculture.From four aspects(the industrial base of agriculture,arable land resource conditions,capital investment capacity,input of means of production),this article establishes evaluation indicator system of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi Province,and based on this,make recommendations for improvement of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi.

  1. 山东省4所医学院校非医学专业本科毕业论文质量管控的调查分析%Investigation of Quality Management and Control of Graduation Thesis of Non-medical Specialties in 4 Medical Colleges in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘典恩; 周建裕; 徐麟; 段玉平; 欧阳翔

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究山东省医学院校非医学专业本科毕业论文质量的管控因素与改进措施。方法调查山东省4所院校中非医学专业本科毕业论文的撰写主体,访谈指导教师和二级学院主管领导。结果论文总体优良率为69.1%;指导教师对论文质量的管控作用认识不高,部分指导教师质量管控的主动性较差;部分学生撰写论文所用时间偏少;制度在论文撰写中的有效管理作用发挥不佳;论文质量管控的体制存在问题;论文成绩评定欠公正。结论山东省医学院校非医学专业本科毕业论文质量较好,但应调整偏高的优良率和专业间优良率的不平衡;需加强指导教师队伍建设,提供基本的资源经费保障,进一步提高师生对论文质量管控与奖惩相关制度的知晓率;二级学院在论文质量管控中应发挥主要作用;重视答辩环节和成绩评定管理。%Objective Research the factors of quality management and control and mending measures of graduation thesis of non‐medical specialties in medical colleges .Methods Investigate the graduation thesis w riters of non‐medical specialty in 4 medical universities and interview both faculty advisers and deans .Results The excellent rate of graduation thesis in general is 69 .1% .The awareness of faculty advisers for the function of graduation thesis quality management and control is not good enough , some of them have a poor initiative about quality management and control .The time for writing grad‐uation thesis of some writers is too short .The thesis system has not play a appropriate role .There are some problems about system and mechanism for quality management and control .The grades of graduation thesis are nor very fair .Conclusion The quality of graduation thesis of non‐medical special‐ties in medical colleges is good relatively ,but should pay attention to adjust the excellent rate too high and notice the

  2. Sources of Stress for Nurses in Neonatal Intensive Care Units of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Valizadeh

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Stress is one of the main factors affecting one's efficiency as well as staff health and quality of nursing services. Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs can be stressful environments for nurses, infants and families as well. Since there is no evidence in this regard in Iran, the present study aimed to determine stress levels related to care delivering in NICU from the viewpoint of nurses in NICUs of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran during 2011.Methods: This was a descriptive study including a purposive sample of 110 nurses working in NICUs of hospitals in East Azerbaijan Province. The data collection tool was a self-report questionnaire. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were assessed by content validity and Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α = 0.84.Results: According to factor analysis, the stressors included environmental and nurse and human factors. Stress sources in total and separately in each category were reported as moderate. The mean and 95% confidence interval of the factors in the categories were 2.75 (0.84; 2.59-2.91 and 3.21 (0.72; 3.07-3.35, respectively. Therefore, human factors caused significantly higher levels of stress compared to environmental factors (p < 0.05. Conclusion: Stressors involved in NICU nursing include environmental and human factors. Planning to remove or reduce their impact can improve the quality of nursing services in intensive care units and, thus, decrease the adverse effects of stress on workers.

  3. SWOT Analysis of Industrial Development of Double-low Rapeseed in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on SWOT analysis method,this paper conducts analysis on the industrial development environment of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province from the following four aspects,in order to crystallize its resources advantage and disadvantage and make it know the opportunities and challenges that it is faced by.First,advantage analysis:excellent geographic conditions,vigorous government support,powerful scientific research force,sound industrial system support;second,disadvantage analysis:poor quality,low-level fine and deep processing,scant publicity and promotion,lagged infrastructure conditions,shortage of effective market access mechanism and sound industry regulation,no brand effect;opportunity analysis:the opportunities brought by low-carbon economy,the opportunities brought by consumers’ preference,the opportunities brought by policy environment,the opportunities brought by establishment of strategic union;threat analysis:fierce external competition,continuous decline of comparative benefit.The results of research show that in order to promote industrial development of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province,we should implement brand effect strategy,quality management strategy and strategy of deepening industrial system,give full play to existing geographic advantage and other advantages,grasp scarce opportunities and actively confront challenges.

  4. Hazelnut oil consumption of families in the central town of Ordu province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat SAYILI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a comparative analysis of consumption of edible oil of families in Central Town of OrduProvince. In addition, factor analysis was conducted on factors which affect the consumption of hazelnut oil. The data used in the study in January 2013 was a result of a survey conducted with 272 people. According to the survey, the most consumed oils, butter (71.32% and hazelnut oil (61.76%, which is the amount of total fatconsumption of 6.71 kg/month per family and 1.89 kg/month per person. Families with more than 5 littercontainers prefer buying oil. Hazelnut oil is thought to be healthy and of good quality too much is consumed by local people. As a result of factor analysis, three factors (image and highly attractive, odour and low weight, quality and health affecting hazelnut oil consumption has been collected under the title.

  5. Grey-relation Analysis of Traffic System and Urbanization in Jilin Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    It has been long believed there should be some relations between traffic system and urbanization, but the interaction between them, especially on the regional level, has been not in consideration due to the difficulty in quantitative analysis. Based on the development of Jilin Province during 1981-2003, the paper analyzed the relation with the grey-relation model which was adjusted to fit specific problem, and came to some conclusions. Firstly, there exists obvious and strong correlation between traffic system and urbanization. Secondly, urbanization responds to the development of traffic system mainly on the level of urbanization, such as population and developed area, however, less on urbanization quality. Thirdly, traffic system influences urbanization as a whole except for several peculiar factors,which means we should optimize the whole traffic system to promote urbanization. Based on those conclusions, the paper illustrated the mechanism of traffic system, promoting urbanization scale and urbanization quality.

  6. The Path Analysis of Farmers’ Income Structure in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongtian; XIAO; Yu; CUI; Lijia; HU

    2015-01-01

    The problem of farmers’ income growth is the key of issues concerning agriculture,countryside and farmers,so the farmers’ income growth is the fundamental starting point for agricultural and rural economic development. In this paper,we use the statistics concerning farmers’ income in Yunnan Province from 1995 to 2012,to perform the path analysis of components of farmers’ income in Yunnan Province,study the path of influence of components of farmers’ income on farmers’ net income,and then set forth the policy recommendations for increasing farmers’ income in Yunnan Province.

  7. Contribution on the Tabanidae (Diptera Fauna of Antalya Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Altunsoy

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, carried out 35 species in Antalya province. Totally 35 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Silvius alpinus, Chrysops viduatus, Atylotus loewianus, Tabanus atropathenicus, T. bifarius, T. cordiger, T. darimonti, T. glaucopis, T. leleani, T. lunatus, T. maculicornis; T. miki, T. portschinski, T. prometheus, T. spodopteroides, T. tinctus, T. sudeticus, Hemotopota italica, H. ocelligera, H. pallens, and H. subcylindrica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Antalya province reaches to 52 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

  8. Strategic Ideas of Greenway Construction in Ecological Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUBinyi; XUWenhui

    2004-01-01

    This article grasps the implication of ecology based on the theory of greenway, With the purpose of making Zhejiang Province become an ecological province, it points out that the problems exist in the greenway construction and makes it clear that the greenway construction is very important. Furthermore, in combination with the linear green open spaces, such as greening passages, tourist areas, and administration facilities in Zhejiang Province, this article puts forward the strategic ideas of the greenways construction and the strategies, measures to apply the greenways construction.

  9. Quality assurance and product quality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacroix, D.; Bastiani, P. de [COGEMA Logistics (AREVA Group) (France)

    2004-07-01

    The basic quality assurance requirements have to be completed by means that are oriented towards the quality of products; in COGEMA LOGISTICS our approach is based on four principles: 1) an integrated management system: Quality, health and safety, environment 2) an organization based on the responsibility of all actors, trust and transparency 3) a methodical approach to continuously improve the methods that are employed to achieve quality: -process management -corrective and preventive actions -self assessments and various surveys 4) but at the same time strong procedures for control and monitoring of all activities: -technical and quality audits (external and internal) -at source inspections -engineering activities inspections This performance-based approach is necessary to guaranty the effectiveness of the traditional formal QA means.

  10. Quality indicators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth-Andersen, Christian

    1991-01-01

    to the issue of how well these indicators perform, using market data provided by consumer magazines from 3 countries. The results strongly indicate that price is a poor quality indicator. The paper also presents some evidence which suggests that seller reputation and easily observable characteristics are also......In recent literature it has been suggested that consumers need have no knowledge of product quality as a number of quality indicators (or signals) may be used as substitutes. Very little attention has been paid to the empirical verification of these studies. The present paper is devoted...... poor indicators...

  11. 特岗教师培训质量评估标准探析--基于山西省初中特岗教师培训调查的思考%Analysis of the Assessment Standard for Specially Contracted Teacher Training Quality---Based on the Junior Middle School Teachers Training in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫建璋; 徐晶

    2014-01-01

    本研究在对特岗教师培训条件、培训动因、培训内容、培训频率、培训评价与反馈五个方面进行问卷整理和分析的基础上,从专业伦理、专业态度、专业意识、专业知识、专业能力五个方面构建了教师培训质量评估标准。%Based on the questionnaire of five aspects of special hillock teacher training condition training motivation , training content , training frequency , training evaluation and feedback ,this study builds the index system of the assessment standard for specially contracted teacher training quality from five aspects . They are professional ethics , professional attitude , professional consciousness , professional knowledge , and professional capability .

  12. Genetic Diversity of Agronomic and Quality Traits in Local Dragon Peanut Varieties (Arachis hypogaea var.hirsuta) of Henan Province%河南省龙生型花生农家品种农艺及品质性状的遗传分化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄冰艳; 张新友; 苗利娟; 董文召; 高伟; 臧秀旺; 汤丰收

    2012-01-01

    研究了河南省龙生型农家品种的农艺性状和蛋白质、脂肪含量等品质性状的变异规律,并进行了聚类分析.结果表明,河南省龙生型花生品种具有遗传多样性.河南省龙生型花生品种蛋白质和脂肪含量均属平均水平,但平均油酸含量高于平均水平.龙生型花生在中、小果型及单株荚果数、油酸含量方面性状表现突出,具有育种利用价值.南阳花生和柘城麻壳在低蛋白品种选育、东明集小花生及郏县三四粒在食用品质及抗病性方面具有利用潜力.%The variation of agronomic traits and quality traits in local varieties of Henan dragon peanut were investigated , and the cluster analysis was conducted. The result showed that the genetic diversity existed in local varieties of Henan dragon peanut. The protein content and oil content were among the average level,while oleic acid content was above the average. The dragon peanut varieties all belonged to medium or small pod size,and had more advantages in pod numbers per plant and oleic acid content, so they had the utility value in variety improvement. The two varieties of Nanyang and Zhecheng Make had the breeding value for low protein content improvement, while the other two varieties of Dongmingji and Jiaxian Sansili had the potential usage value for the improvement of edible quality and disease resistance.

  13. Prevalence of disordered eating and its impact on quality of life among a group of college students in a province of west Turkey Prevalencia de conductas alimentarias de riesgo y su impacto en la calidad de vida de un grupo de estudiantes universitarios en una provincia del oeste de Turquía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Tozun

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of disordered eating (DE among a group of college students and assess its impact on quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted between December 15th, 2008 and January 15th, 2009 at a Turkish University. Eating Attitudes Test-40 (EAT-40 was used to identify DE. Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL was assessed by Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36. RESULTS: The prevalence of DE was 6.8%. Presence of any physical defect (OR: 2.657, parents living separately (OR: 3.114, mothers having an education level of secondary school and over (OR: 2.583, and families not having social health insurance (OR: 2.603 were important risk factors (fOBJETIVO: Determinar la prevalencia de conductas alimentarias de riesgo (CAR entre un grupo de estudiantes universitarios, y evaluar su impacto en la calidad de vida. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Este estudio se realizó entre el 15 de diciembre de 2008 y enero de 2009 en una universidad turca. Se utilizó el Eating Attitudes Test-40 (EAT-40 para identificar CAR. La calidad de vida se evaluó por el estudio de resultados médicos Short Form-36. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de CAR fue de 6,8%. La presencia de: cualquier defecto físico (RM: 2,657, padres separados (RM: 3,ll4, madre con nivel de educación de escuela de secundaria o más (RM: 2,583, familia sin seguro social (RM: 2,603 fueron importantes factores de riesgo (p<0,05. CONCLUSIONES: La salud y calidad de vida de las personas con CAR fue peor. Se deben hacer exámenes periódicos para determinar casos de CAR.

  14. Analysis of the Quality of Hotel Rooms from Perspective of Customer Satisfaction Taking Taizhou City of Jiangsu Province as an Example%我国酒店客房卫生现状分析与对策--以江苏泰州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧; 朱发考; 缪勇战

    2015-01-01

    以泰州市星级酒店及连锁酒店为例,采用问卷调查和统计分析方法,研究客房卫生的顾客满意度。结果表明:客房整体满意度较高,却隐含较多不满意现象,客人并未直接使用毛巾和水杯,其满意度与客房卫生的整体满意度之间的差异有统计学意义。究其原因,主要是顾客认知、客房质量、监管不力等因素造成,据此提出建议。%By taking the star hotels and hotel chains as examples,questionnaire and statistical analysis are used to give a survey about customer satisfaction for the room hygiene. The results show that room satisfaction is higher on overall,but some dissatis-faction is implicated. For example,guests do not use the towels and cups of the hotels. It suggests that differences between the overall satisfaction of customer satisfaction and room sanitation have statistical significance. So the reasons are mainly caused by the customer cognition,room quality,the ineffective supervision and so on. Finally,a specific recommendation about how to im-prove the quality of guest rooms in hotels is given.

  15. 云南省1194名接受HAART的艾滋病病人的生命质量测评及影响因素分析%Quality of life and related factors among 1 194 AIDS patients receiving HAART in Yunnan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓锋; 王启林; 杨霞

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨接受高效抗反转录病毒治疗(HAART)的艾滋病病人的生命质量及其影响因素.方法 采取典型抽样的方法,使用中文版SF 36量表和自编基本情况调查表,对研究对象进行横断面调查,应用Epi Data 3.1建立数据库,SPSS 12.0进行统计分析.结果 选择1个省级、2个州级、5个县级抗病毒治疗医院作为研究现场,选择在2009年4月以前在8个研究现场入组并接受抗病毒治疗的艾滋病病人作为研究对象.①1 194名调查对象,SF 36量表8个领域百分转换得分中,躯体功能(PF)得分最高(86.00±18.48),总健康(GH)得分最低(44.37±21.59),领域间得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).②女性病人的GH、肌体疼痛(BP)维度得分高于男性病人(P<0.05);不同年龄的病人在PF、GH 2个领域的得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),年龄小的病人PF、GH得分高于年龄大的病人;不同文化程度的病人的PF、生命力(VT)、情感角色(RE)、心理健康(MH)、BP得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),文化程度低的病人以上领域得分低于文化程度高的病人;不同婚姻状况的病人生命质量8个领域得分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),已婚病人生命质量好于未婚和离异/独居/分居病人;农村户籍的调查对象的PF、GH、社会功能(SF)3个维度得分明显高于城镇户籍的调查对象(P<0.05);不同职业的病人生命质量8个领域得分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),公职人员、个体从业人员的生命质量好于无业人员和农民.结论 性别、年龄、文化程度、婚姻状况、户籍、职业是影响高效抗反转录病毒治疗艾滋病病人生命质量的因素.%Objective To investigate the quality of life and related factors among AIDS patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy(H AART) . Methods One provincial-level , two prefecture-level and five county-level HAART hospitals were selected as research sites by

  16. Induced Institutional Transition of Contract Farming in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the process of institutional transition of contract farming in Shandong Province. The changes in preparatory stage of contract farming express in: One, the information asymmetry of the two sides of the contract is reducing; Two, the security system of contract farming tends to be perfection; Three, the organizational form of contract farming tends to be simplification. The measures taken in production stage of agricultural product are as follows: The first is investment in means of production; The second is perfection of field management; The third is soundness of quality test. The measures taken in purchase stage of agricultural product are as follows: First, product is developing from preliminary working to intensive processing; Second, leading enterprises develop to large-scale and standard. The changes in profit distribution stage of contract farming are as follows: First, the profit relationship between enterprises and peasant households turns from opposition to mutual benefit. Second, the means of default issues turn from emotional self-discipline to rational self-discipline. Performance of contract farming is analyzed: First is putting forward the transformation of agricultural operational form; Second is reducing the uncertainty; Third is truly realizing the risk sharing and participation of interest. The defect of institutional transition of contract farming is discussed: First is no longer the operational form that benefits many farmers; Second is still the typically incomplete contract; Third is expansion of capability gap of business game between leading enterprises and farmers; Fourth is the still existence of information asymmetry; Fifth is informal institution falling behind formal institutional arrangement. The corresponding countermeasures are put forward: First is developing professional cooperation; Second is completing land circulation system; Third is constructing honest information system; Fourth is building social

  17. Soil Enzyme Activities under Agroforestry Systems in Northern Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan Fuxu; Chen Ping

    2004-01-01

    The authors presented the enzyme characteristics of catalase, sucrase, urease and alkaline phosphatase under agroforestry systems in northern Jiangsu Province. The results show that soil enzyme activities reduce gradually from top to bottom layer of the soil profile, and the fluctuations of catalase and urease are smaller than those of sucrase and alkaline phosphatase. Soil enzyme activities differe significantly in different samples, and the order is arranged as poplar-crop intercropping segment (A, D) > paulownia-crop intercropping segment (B, C) > CK. Furthermore, soil enzyme activities increase with intercropping age. On the other hand, in the same plot, there are closer relationships between enzymes in the soil samples. Catalase, alkaline phosphatase and urease are negatively related, while alkaline phosphatase and urease are positively related (except in samples B and C). In addition, the enzyme activities have a close relationship with the fertilizers. Catalase is positively correlated with the soil pH value (r = 0.854, 0.804, 0.078 and 0.082, respectively), and is negatively correlated with total N (r = -0.201, -0.529, -0.221 and -0.821, respectively), total P (r = -0.143, -0.213, -0.362 and -0.751, respectively) and available P (r = -0.339, -0.351, -0.576, and -0.676, respectively). Sucrase, urease and alkaline phosphatase are negatively correlated with the pH value, while positively correlated with the other fertilizers (r ≈ 1). The authors suggest that enzyme activity will be a great potential as an indicator of soil quality.

  18. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #5

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  19. Geologic Provinces of the Far East, 2000 (prv3al)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the Far East (China, Mongolia, North and...

  20. STRATEGY OF MAIZE'S CONCENTRATING TO ADVANTAGE AREAS IN JILIN PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Hui-ming; GU Li-li

    2003-01-01

    Jilin Province is one of the main grain-producing provinces of China, which has dominant position in maize production, by the view of its advantages in policy, location, breed and market. And after entering WTO,some measures have been taken to enhance maize competitive ability. But there are some difficulties in concentrating production to maize advantaged areas. This paper expounds the basis that Jilin Province becomes the advantage area of maize, analyzes the problems and puts forward the supporting policy. Some strategic measures are proposed,as developing comparable advantages, carrying out the strategy of un-equilibrium development and cultivating advantaged product areas of maize to rapidly improve the international competitive ability and productivity of maize in Jilin Province, cast the agricultural predicament off and promote the agricultural development into a new stage.

  1. Alumina Producers in Shandong Province Allied to Win Negotiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Faced with the soaring bauxite price,five alu- mina producers in Shandong Province jointly established Shangdong Bauxite Import Compa- nies Club to gain a better position in price ne- gotiation with foreign counterparts by getting

  2. Comparative Study on Property Income of Farmers in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Hong

    2012-01-01

    According to statistic data of Shaanxi Province during 1997 to 2010,I conducted a comparative analysis on farmers’ property income from region,urban and rural factors and structure,established regression model,and studied the relationship between farmers’ property income and gross income.Results show that the growth of average property income of farmers in Shaanxi Province is clearly slow,and the gap is widening from the average national level;except 2001 and 2002,the average property income of urban and rural residents of Shaanxi Province kept a great difference;the proportion of rural residents’ property income is very small,basically not higher than 3%;there is a significant correlation between the property income and gross income of farmers in Shaanxi Province.Energetically developing rural economy and increasing farmers’ property are favorable to growth of farmers’ property income.

  3. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #3

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  4. Geologic Provinces of Southeast Asia, 2000 (prv3bl)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of Southeast Asia (Brunei, Indonesia,...

  5. South America Province Boundaries, 1999 (prv6ag)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — South America is part of Region 6 (Central and South America) for the World Energy Assessment. South America was divided into 107 geologic provinces as background...

  6. Development Strategy of Sugarcane Industry in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yue-gui; WU Jian-tao; YANG Jun-xian; LI Qi-wei; XIE Jing; PAN Fang-yin; WU Wen-long; LIU Fu-ye; DENG Hai-hua; QI Yong-wen

    2012-01-01

    Guangdong Province is one of the main producing areas of sugarcane in China, and one of China’s three regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, having good basis and conditions for developing sugarcane industry. In this research, using the SWOT-AHP method, we set 20 assessment indicators (such as the regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, huge demand for domestic sugar, increased production costs and backward system of sugarcane), to analyze the development strategy of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, from strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of sugarcane industrial development in Guangdong Province. The results show that in order to promote the development of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, it is necessary to adopt the SO development strategy (relying on its own strengths and using favorable external environment), to achieve the rapid development.

  7. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids, #1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  8. SWOT Analysis of Vinegar Export of Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王业璇

    2012-01-01

      This article is based on the SWOT theory, and analyze the vinegar export situations of Shanxi province. Finding out the opportunities and challenges the vinegar plants confronts is this article’s main purpose.

  9. Geologic provinces of Iran, 2000 (prv2cg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set includes arcs, polygons, and polygon labels for geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by R.M. Pollastro based on numerous...

  10. Highlights from Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Although the extraction of mineral wealth has been the major influence in the history of Johannesburg and the surrounding Witwatersrand regions (with about 45% of all gold ever mined coming from there), the discovery of now-famous hominid fossils at the Sterkfontein Caves, and the convening of the world's largest-ever conference on environment and development, are setting a new stage for the future. The United Nations began the second Development and Environment Conference in Johannesburg on August 26, 2002. This meeting addresses the implementation of international goals to fight poverty and protect the global environment that were established at the first such conference held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Johannesburg summit involves about forty thousand participants, and perhaps 100 world leaders. One of several official opening ceremonies for the conference was held at the Sterkfontein Caves to recognize the outstanding universal value of the paleo-anthropological fossils found there.These views from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) highlight a number of the land use, vegetation, and geological features found within Gauteng Province (including the urban center of Johannesburg and the capital city Pretoria) and parts of the North West and Free State Provinces. The image on the right displays vegetation in red hues and is a false-color view utilizing data from MISR's near-infrared, red and blue bands. Both the natural-color view (left) and the false-color version were acquired by MISR's nadir camera on June 16, 2002. The urban areas appear as gray-colored pixels in the natural-color view, and exhibit colors corresponding with the relative abundance of vegetation found in the urban parts of this arid region.The mountains trending east-west near the center of the images extend from Pretoria in the east to Rustenberg in the west. These ranges, the Magaliesberg and Witwatersberg, separate the low-lying, hotter bushveld to the north from the cooler

  11. A study on relationship between quality of life and employee performance

    OpenAIRE

    Marziyeh Pourbagher; Ali Akbar Bani; Mehdi Salehi; Somayyeh Iri; Saeid Sedaghat

    2014-01-01

    This paper studies the relationship between quality of life and its eight components with employee performance in general directorate of youth and sport in province of Golestan, Iran. The study uses a questionnaire developed by Walton (1974) [Walton, R. E. (1974). Improving quality of work life. Harvard Business Review, 52(3), 12.] for quality of life and a standard questionnaire named ACHIEVE consists of 25 questions for measuring the performance. Using Spearman correlation test, the study h...

  12. Comparative Study of Wetland Ecosystem Quality in Different Landscape Pattern of Mangroves:A Case of Beibuwan Region in Guangxi Province%不同景观格局的红树林湿地生态系统质量比较研究--以广西北部湾地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永林; 孙永光; 谢炳庚; 康婧; 李晓青

    2015-01-01

    It has the obvious difference for the quality of wetland ecosystem in different landscape pattern of mangroves. In order to find out the phenetic relationships between landscape pattern indexes and quality of wetland ecosystem, and contrast the quality of wetland ecosystem in different landscape pattern of mangroves, it chooses the eastern and western region of Guangxi Beibuwan area as the area of comparative study. With the support of ENVI 4.8 software platform, and combine the survey date from field sample, to interpretation the remote sensing images in different periods, it obtains the spatial distribution pattern and the ecosystem quality parameters of the mangroves in two regions. With the support of the Fragstats 4.0 and ARCGIS 10.0 software platform, it comparatively analyzes the difference in the landscape pattern and plant community, benthic animals, water environmental quality between the two regions. The results show that, (1) From the point of landscape index, the following indexes of the eastern region are higher than in the western region: NP (387 and 379), PD (192.20 and 72.17), ED (215.85 and 137.28), LSI (14.92 and 13.02), SHDI (1.36 and 1.15), the following indexes in the eastern region are lower than in the western region: TA (525.15 and 201.36), CONTAG (66.48 and 55.57). (2) From the point of landscape structure characteristics, the diversity of the community (0.94 and 0.51) and richness in the eastern region are higher than in the western region. On the horizontal structure, the density is smaller (0.84 Plants·m-2), and the basal diameter is bigger (6.55 cm), the crown diameter is bigger (7.16 m2) in the eastern region. The density is bigger (1.00 Plants·m-2),the basal diameter is smaller (6.43 cm), and the crown diameter is smaller (6.58 m2) in the western region. On the vertical structure, the average plant height and seedling height in the eastern region (1.39 m and 0.23 m) are bigger than in the western region (1.10 m and 0.14 m). (3) The

  13. Developing Potential of Low-carbon Agriculture in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Hui; Li Cui-xia; Chen Yao; Fu Rao

    2012-01-01

    Based on the trace of origin and development process of low-carbon economy, the paper defined the concept of low- carbon agriculture. As a case, the development of low-carbon advantage and disadvantage of agriculture in Heilongjiang Province made a systematic analysis of factors; it based on the empirical and comparative analysis of low-carbon development in Heilongjiang Province and put forward countermeasures and suggestions of agriculture. At last, the low-carbon agriculture was prospected in the future.

  14. Pharmacovigilance in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba

    OpenAIRE

    Bárzaga Arencibia, Z.; López Leyva, A.; Mejías Peña, Y.; González Reyes, A.R.; Fernández Manzano, E.; Choonara, Imti

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Our aim was to describe the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) detected following increased education about pharmacovigilance and drug toxicity in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba. Methods: Over a period of 24 months (January 2009 to December 2010), all reports of suspected ADRs in children to the Provincial Pharmacovigilance Centre in Camagüey Province were analysed. ADRs were classified in relation to causality and severity. Results: There were 533 reports involvi...

  15. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta) in the Opole Province (Poland)

    OpenAIRE

    Stebel Adam

    2014-01-01

    Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp.) Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  16. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta in the Opole Province (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stebel Adam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp. Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  17. Air quality standards and town planning; Luchtkwaliteitsbeleid in ruimtelijk perspectief

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Dam, C.E.; Kruyt, H.A.; Dorel, F.G. [Bureau Luchtkwaliteit en Veiligheid, Directie Water en Milieu, Provincie Zuid-Holland, The Hague (Netherlands)

    1998-08-01

    Current levels of air pollutants still cause effects on human health. Therefore it is necessary to pay attention to air quality during town planning processes. A study of the Dutch Province of South Holland showed exceedances of air quality standards near motorways in 1995 as well as in 2010. Some objects should be excluded from these zones. These are objects where people either stay during a long time of the day, or are sensitive for air pollutants or places for physical exercising. Examples of these are houses, schools and hospitals. A scheme is presented for local authorities to take Dutch Air Quality Standards into account during physical planning. 7 refs.

  18. Quality Management, Quality Assurance and Quality Control in Blood Establishments

    OpenAIRE

    Bolbate, N

    2008-01-01

    Quality terms and the roots of the matter are analyzed according to European Committee’s recommendations. Essence of process and product quality control as well as essence of quality assurance is described. Quality system’s structure including quality control, quality assurance and management is justified in the article.

  19. Using ADMS models for Air Quality Assessment and Management in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Christine McHugh; Sheng Xiangyu; David Carruthers

    2005-01-01

    ADMS-Urban is the most widely used advanced dispersion model for urban areas, being used extensively in China and worldwide, providing a practical tool for assessing and managing urban air quality. In this paper we briefly describe the ADMS dispersion models and give an overview of their use in China. And it describes in more detail the use of ADMS-Urban in Fushun in Liaoning province and in Jinan in Shangdong province respectively, for studies of urban air quality. Finally the conclusions are presented.

  20. Quality Standard of Essential Oil from D-linalool Cinnamomum porrectum (Roxb.) Kosterm Presl Leaves in Ji'an of Jiangxi Province%江西吉安右旋芳樟醇型黄樟鲜枝叶油的质量标准研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗忠生; 蒋志茵; 龙光远; 黄恒辉

    2014-01-01

    The essential oil in leaves of d-linalool Cinnamomum porrectum (Roxb.) Kosterm can be extracted by steam distillation. Control by its main component, samples of different woodland condition were analyzed by GC method and the formulation of quality standard can be sett, the d-linalool was more than 90%and the camphor was less than 1.5%.%用水蒸汽蒸馏提取d-芳樟醇型黄樟鲜枝叶油。用芳樟油对其进行主成分对照,并采用气相色谱测定不同立地条件的精油主成分,提出右旋芳樟醇型黄樟鲜枝叶油的质量标准建议,黄樟鲜枝叶油芳樟醇含量大于90%,樟脑含量小于1.5%。

  1. 功能区环境噪声质量变化及对策--以义县城区为例%Analysis of Noise Quality Changes of Functinal Areaand the Strategies-A case study of YiCounty,Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯芳

    2014-01-01

    指出了随着义县经济快速发展,人口密度日益增加,环境噪声现状不断增加。控制噪声污染已成为当务之急。依据2009~2013年获取的功能区噪声监测数据,分析了义县城区功能区声环境质量状况及变化趋势,为环境管理提出了相应的对策。%with the rapid development of Yi County'seconomy ,itspopulation density is increasing andenviron-mental noise condition continuouslychanges .Therefore ,it is urgent to control the noise pollution as people's environmental consciousness increases ceaselessly today .Based on the noise monitoring data of the functional area of Yi County from2009 to 2013 ,this articleanalyzes theenvironmental noise quality and functional chan-ges trendand provides the countermeasures for environmental management .

  2. 不同酸度下外源铝对茶叶铝含量及品质的影响%Effects of aluminum from fertilization on qualities and aluminum contents of tea under different pH levels in South Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马小雪; 肖斌; 闫列娟; 索罗丹; 高婷; 肖霄

    2012-01-01

    【Objective】 The presented study aimed to show effects of Al concentrations and pH of soil and on tea qualities in local area.The best Al content and adding methods were determined to improve the tea qualities.【Method】 Using 'Shuyong 906' as test material,qualities and Al contents of tea leaves under different pH levels and different Al adding ways(adding in soil and spraying on tea leaves)were studied in pot experiments.The contents of Al,tea polyphenols,caffeine and free amino acids were measured.【Result】 Contents of Al and tea polyphenols were increased while the contents of caffeine and free amino acids decreased when Al was applied in soil under the same pH level.Contents of caffeine and amino acid reached to highest when 2.5 and 5.0 g/L Al were applied by spraying on leaf surface,respectively.When 0.5 g/kg Al fertilizers were applied in soil,contents of amino acid,tea polyphone and caffeine reached the highest level.The more S was added at fixed Al level,the less contents of amino acid,tea polyphenols and caffeine were measured.【Conclusion】 When Al added in soil was 0.5 g/kg,tea quality reached the best.The contents of caffeine and amino acid were the highest when spraying dosages on leaves were 2.5 g/L and 5.0 g/L,respectively.%【目的】研究土壤pH值及铝含量对茶叶铝含量及茶叶品质的影响,初步确定可改善茶叶品质的施铝量和施铝方法。【方法】以"蜀永906"为试材,采用盆栽试验,通过根施和喷施2种方法(根施铝量分别为0,0.5,1.0,和2.0g/kg,叶面喷施铝质量浓度设为0,2.5,5.0和10.0g/L)加入不同浓度梯度外源铝,并加入硫磺(0,0.32,0.64g/kg)调节土壤酸度,测定茶叶中铝含量及茶多酚、咖啡碱、氨基酸的质量分数。【结果】在同一酸度下,根施外源铝可不同程度提高茶叶中铝含量与茶多酚的质量分数,并可降低茶叶中咖啡碱和氨基酸的质量分数;同时当叶面喷施外源铝质量浓度分别为2

  3. ICT Strategic Planning for Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Shojaie

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Today, regarding rapid changes in the environment, any organization, institution or country that overlooks its capabilities, strengths and weaknesses, will face real challenges. Strategic planning in organizations is a common response to these challenges which also facilitate achieving goals in an organization. Today, the importance of ICT is increased, which necessitates ICT strategic planning to use ICT in organizations. So, this study aimed to propose ICT strategic plans for Mazandaran province. For this end, at first using stakeholders' viewpoints, the vision, mission and goals are provided. Then, Internal & External Matrix was suggested and identified factors were ranked using Analytic Network Processing (ANP. Then, concerning strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and using SWOT analysis, ICT strategies were provided. Finally, using QSPM matrix, the strategies were ranked. Regarding this ranking, dedicated budget to ICT in governmental organizations, using integration architecture, developing organizational and inter-organizational information systems, developing mechanisms to absorb national and local financial resources for extending ICT infrastructures and finally concerning ICT trainings for managers and people, were in the top of the list.

  4. Church Tourism in Batangas Province, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAYZEL ANN. T. DE CASTRO

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Church tourism has clearly increased over the past ten years. Churches are an important part of the tourism product of many parts of the country. This study aimed to determine the contribution of the churches in terms of social, cultural and economic aspects of the place, to identify the problems encountered in the promoting church tourism and propose plan of action to sustain the tourism of the Province of Batangas through churches. The researchers used the descriptive method of research and utilized self-made questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument of the study. The respondents were consisting of 5 people in the offices of the pilgrim churches from Batangas City and 10 churchgoers. The respondents agree that pilgrim churches contribute to tourism in terms of social and economics aspect while they strongly agree in term of cultural aspect. The most commonly experienced problems were the accessibility of the transportation and an action plan was proposed to address the problems encountered. The recommendation addressed that roving guards should be provided to ensure the safety and security of the tourists during their visit in the church. The church personnel may provide creative and command activities that will encourage people. Also they may have a briefing about the history of the church so that if visitor needs information it easy for them to answer and an action plan may be implemented to solve the problem encountered.

  5. Epidemiological analysis of traffic accident trauma in Gansu province in 1996

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张向东; 代荫梅

    1999-01-01

    Objective To analyze the epidemiologic data of traffic trauma in Gansu province in 1996 and try to find effective ways to reduce the injury.Methods The data were gathered from the General Team o the Traffic Police of Gansu Province and analyzed together with other related data.Results Although the traffic accidents in Gansu province were reduced in last two years as a result of traffic safety education,the number of casuatlties has not been evidently reduced.The number of deaths caused by traffic accidents was 983 in 1996.The main causes of these deaths were the negligence of the drivers,carelessness of the pedestrians and the bike riders,the sudden breakdown of the machine parts of the vehicles,and non-licensed driving.Among the number of deaths 69 percent was caused by violation of traffic regulations by drivers.Most of the death accidents happened at straight roads and road-crosses.The percentage was 64% and 11%,respectively.The most of deaths,about 81%,took place in sunny days.The main reason was due to the careless and exceeding-speed-limit driving.The young and middle aged were about 77% of the dead,most likely because they are the dominant group in daily work and life.Conclusions To strengthen the propaganda of traffic regulations,improve driver's moral qualities and raise the management level are very important for reducing traffic accidents.Correct and timely first aid before being hospitalized can also greatly reduce the mortality.

  6. Management of Postoperative Pain in Medical Institutions in Shandong Province in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Donghua; Ma, Jianzhong; Zhang, Zongwang; Yu, Ailan; Chen, Xueli; Feng, Cuicui; Lei, Weifu

    2016-02-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate current situation of postoperative pain management in medical institutions in Shandong Province.A questionnaire was developed on the basis of guidelines of acute pain and pain quality assessment scale. The questionnaire was used to obtain information regarding the nature and scale of the medical institution, structure of pain management organization, implementation of pain assessment, and analgesic techniques and processes used in clinical practice. A multistage stratified and cluster sampling method was employed to investigate the current situation of postoperative pain management in 168 medical institutions in Shandong Province.For acute pain service (APS), 32% of the hospitals established postoperative pain management organizations similar to APS. For pain evaluation, 57.1% of the hospitals evaluated pain as the fifth vital sign, and 47.0% of the hospitals evaluated pain at rest and during activity. Furthermore, 43.0% of the surveyed hospitals employed patient-controlled analgesia mode, of which hospitals employing brachial plexus block, lumbar plexus block, and femoral nerve block analgesia accounted for 5.0%, 1.0%, and 4.0%, respectively. The survey revealed that 51.0% of the hospitals educated patients about pain and pain management, of which patients were postoperatively educated by ward nurses in 5.0% and patients were educated by APS during ward rounds in 2.0%.There is a lack of standardized postoperative pain management, the involvement of nurses in pain management is scarce, and the pain assessment and education and application of advanced analgesic management techniques were found to be inadequate in medical institutions in Shandong Province.

  7. Influence of Investment and Labour on Agriculture Sector Economy of South Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Yunani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to describe the development of investment and employment in South Kalimantan and to analyze the effect of investment and employment in the agricultural sector to GDP in South Kalimantan. This research is a quantitative study by conducting data collection at the Central Bureau of Statistics South Kalimantan Province pertaininglabour and the economy GDP Data and at Bappeda South Kalimantan and BKPMD (Investment Coordinating Board South Kalimantan related PMA and PMD data investments as well as data from the Investment Credit Bank Indonesia Banjarmasin.The results showed that the province of South Kalimantan economy during the year 2002-2011grow positively. The condition is mainly supported by a number of industries (which are labour intensive and the number of people working in agriculture, trade, and mining. However, no significant investment to GDP of Agriculture Sector in South Kalimantan was observed. Labour is still positive but not significant effect on GDP of Agriculture Sector. Taken together investment and employment significantly influence GDP of Agriculture Sector in South Kalimantan, though only 61.5% of the dependent variable explained by the independent variable, while the remaining 38.5% was explained by outside the regression model. It was suggested that the governments of South Kalimantan Province should do efforts to improve the quality of the labour force (i.e., by the local government. The role of the investment must also be adapted to the spirit of regional autonomy and should be encouraged to increase investment conducive situation, mapping the potential area and the establishment of integrated services in the unit for easy service creation and investment business license in order to avoid mistakes in investing and avoid systematic risks.

  8. 脑瘫儿童生存质量评价量表的修订与试用%Primary Application and Revision of Cerebral Palsy Quality of Life Questionnaire for Children (CP QOL-Child) for Children with CP in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳平; 张洪才; 郭新志; 曲成毅

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To import in and revise the cerebral palsy quality of life questionnaire for children (CP-QOL-child), and to provide the basic evidence for the evaluation of quality of life of children with cerebral palsy and for the evaluation of the rehabilitation effect. Methods: The questionnaire was translated exactly and revised on the basis of the Chinese basic condition. Twenty-seven children with cerebral palsy (4-9 years old) in Shanxi rehabilitation hospital for cerebral palsy were analyzed. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested by Cronbach's alpha coefficient and half-split coefficient. The validity of the questionnaire was tested by the relation coefficient of areas with the items and of areas each other. The data were inputted and analyze by SPSS. 13.0. Results: The cronbach's alpha coefficient of the questionnaire revised was 0. 916. The cronbach's alpha coefficient of every area was 0. 759-0. 889. The half-split coefficient of the questionnaire revised was 0. 690. The half-split coefficient of every area was 0. 667-0. 899. The relation coefficient of areas with the items was 0. 452-0. 888. The relation coefficient of areas with each other was 0.18-0. 62. The score of social wellbeing and acceptance was 71.06± 12.59. The score of functioning was 59.76±14.28. The score of participation and physical health was 62.64±13.34. The score of emotion wellbeing and self esteem was 65. 12±17.30. The score of participation and physical health with access for services was 49. 70± 15. 18. The score of pain and impact of disability was 63. 60 ±21.24. The score of family health was 46. 64±19.30. Conclusion: The revised native CP QOL-child has better satisfactory validities and reliabilities. The score of areas of social wellbeing and acceptance, functioning and family health of children with cerebral palsy in Shanxi rehabilitation hospital for cerebral palsy is lower.%目的:引进并修订脑瘫儿童生存质量评价量表(CP QOL-Child),为分析和

  9. Crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China based on seismic ambient noise tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Guanghua; Feng, Jikun; Lin, Jun

    2016-11-01

    We imaged the crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China with fundamental mode Rayleigh waves recorded by 60 broadband stations deployed in the region. Surface-wave empirical Green's functions were retrieved from cross-correlations of inter-station data and phase velocity dispersions were measured using a frequency-time analysis method. Dispersion measurements were then utilized to construct 2D phase velocity maps for periods between 5 and 35 s. Subsequently, the phase-dispersion curves extracted from each cell of the 2D phase velocity maps were inverted to determine the 3D shear wave velocity structures of the crust. The phase velocity maps at different periods reflected the average velocity structures corresponding to different depth ranges. The maps in short periods, in particular, were in excellent agreement with known geological features of the surface. In addition to imaging shear wave velocity structures of the volcanoes, we show that obvious low-velocity anomalies imaged in the Changbaishan-Tianchi Volcano, the Longgang-Jinlongdingzi Volcano, and the system of the Dunmi Fault crossing the Jingbohu Volcano, all of which may be due to geothermal anomalies.

  10. Academic Service Quality and Instructional Quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greiner, Keith; Westbrook, Thomas S.

    2002-01-01

    Examined the relationship between academic service quality and instructional quality in higher education. Found a high correlation between academic service and instructional quality, with academic service overlapping instructional quality in three dimensions: enthusiasm, organization, and rapport. (EV)

  11. Is there a possibility of ranking benthic quality assessment indices to select the most responsive to different human pressures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Ángel; Marín, Sandra L; Muxika, Iñigo; Pino, Loreto; Rodríguez, José G

    2015-08-15

    Although a plethora of benthic indices exist, there is no agreement on what index or indices should be used by environmental managers to establish benthic quality. The objective of this investigation was to rank 35 benthic quality assessment indices used in different countries to evaluate the impact produced by 15 different human pressures (including multipressure, aquaculture, sewage discharges, eutrophication, physical alteration, chemical pollution, climate change, etc.). The ranking was determined by taking into account the coverage area of biogeographical provinces, number of citations testing a pressure and number of citations with significant correlation with pressure. We analysed 363 references, of which 169 showed quantitative data. Over a potential total score of 100, the highest values were obtained by the following indices: (i) AZTI's Marine Biotic Index (AMBI), which scored 77, tested by using 14 pressures in 14 provinces from the Arctic to tropical seas; (ii) multivariate AMBI (M-AMBI), which scored 74, tested with 12 pressures in 13 provinces; (iii) Bentix (BENTIX), which scored 68, tested with nine pressures in six provinces; (iv) Benthic Quality Index (BQI), which scored 66, tested with five pressures in seven provinces; and (v) Benthic Opportunistic Polychaetes Amphipods (BOPA) index, which scored 62, tested with eight pressures in six provinces.

  12. 甘肃徽县水阳江铅锌污染段纤毛虫群落特征及对水质的评价%Community Characteristics of Ciliates and Water Quality Assessment in the Pb-Zn-Contaminated Section of the Shuiyangjiang River in Huixian County,Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马正学; 贺鹏辉; 杨镇; 宁应之

    2009-01-01

    2006年10月至2008年5月,在甘肃徽县水阳江铅锌污染段选择4个样点,分别在3个水期采集水样,研究了纤毛虫物种多样性及群落结构.共鉴定到纤毛虫52种,隶属于3纲12目29科33属.利用纤毛虫群落特征指标对水阳江铅锌污染段的水质进行了初步评价.综合评价结果显示,4个样点受污染程度为县城>厂区>牟坝>对照,污染级别为中度至重度.初步筛选出瓜形膜袋虫(Cyclidium citrullus)、尾草履虫(Paramoecium caudatum)、薄漫游虫(Litonotus lamella)作为铅锌污染水体的指示物种.%Species diversity and community structure of ciliates in the Pb-Zn-Contaminated section of the Shuiyangjiang River were studied during the period from October 2006 to May 2008,using water samples collected from 4 sampling sites in that section in 3 different periods.In the water samples,52 species of ciliates,sorted into 3 classes,12 orders,29 family and 33 genus,were identified,based on which water quality of that section of the Shuiyangjiang River was preliminarily evaluated.Results show that pollution of the water varied in degree between the four sampling sites in the section,following a decreasing order of Xiancheng>Changqu>Muba>Duizhao,from severe to moderate.Ciliates of Cyclidium citrullus,Paramecium caudatum,and Litonotus lamella were screened out to be indicators of Pb-Zn-contamination of water bodies.

  13. Quality Circles

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-09

    spread rapidly through many major Japanese firms. In 1962, Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa tied these new quality control methods to the theories of Maslow , Herzberg...should be on people solving problems and not on hierarchical pyramids of paperwork. 21 6. Management must learn how to positively reinforce participative

  14. Edible Macrofungi of Çorum Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan Alkan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the scientists, the world's population by 2050 is estimated to exceed 9 billion, in order to meet the nutritional needs of people, it is expected that in the future to need more food production than today. Therefore in the world, food organizations, institutions and communities various action plans provide in the reports published. In these plans, diversification of the production, fast, quick and easy way to produce food, less harmful farming practices to the nature and the environment, and etc. topics are included. In line these plans with last years, the greater the number of species used as food and with ease of cultivation, mushrooms and mushroom cultivations are gaining importance. For this purpose, the determination of the diversity of edible mushrooms in nature and investigation that how can be taken to culture, it will also provide support to the production of different species of mushrooms. In the field studies performed between 2011 and 2013, after taking pictures on their habitats mushroom samples, collected within the Çorum province limits, were brought to the laboratory wrapped in aluminum foil properly. After measuring and studying on special structures under a microscope in the laboratory, they were identified according to the literature. Fungarium tag were prepared for identified mushrooms. These mushrooms, made into the Fungarium materials, were stored in Fungarium of the Directorate of Mushroom Application and Research Centre of Selçuk University. In conclusion, according to the literature four taxa belong to Ascomycota and 52 taxa belong to Basidiomycota, in totally of 56 taxa were found to be edible feature. These 56 taxa were represented by two divisio, four ordo and 14 families. The localities of identified species in the provincial boundaries are given. The names of species known among people with ethno mycological research, done during field studies, also were detected.

  15. Appropriateness of the Health Standards of Houses in Isparta Province Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ersin Uskun

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This study has been carried out in center of Isparta province in order to evaluation the appropriateness of housing health standards of houses and to determine the basic characteristics of inappropriate houses. In December 2005, randomize selected four hundred houses in province center were evaluated in point of building land characteristics, building materials, safe condition, bulk, sunlight and lighting, heating, washroom facilities by using housing evaluation checklist. Distribution of the inappropriate houses was analyzed according to the descriptive characteristics of houses. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and independent t test were used for statistical analyses of data. There was a built blockage of sunlight near 38.5% of houses. Approximately half of them whose windows were not appropriate location to take adequate sunlight. Frequently rental houses or house whose resident have low socioeconomic status were not built using building materials of good quality (p<0.05 and p<0.001; respectively. In this study, the basic problems of houses related housing health standards were determined as no homogeny heat, inadequate fire safety and taking inadequate sunlight. The results of the study have drawn attention to necessary of facilitation politics to hand a healthy house for persons have low economic status especially. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(3.000: 151-160

  16. Appropriateness of the Health Standards of Houses in Isparta Province Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ersin Uskun

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This study has been carried out in center of Isparta province in order to evaluation the appropriateness of housing health standards of houses and to determine the basic characteristics of inappropriate houses. In December 2005, randomize selected four hundred houses in province center were evaluated in point of building land characteristics, building materials, safe condition, bulk, sunlight and lighting, heating, washroom facilities by using housing evaluation checklist. Distribution of the inappropriate houses was analyzed according to the descriptive characteristics of houses. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and independent t test were used for statistical analyses of data. There was a built blockage of sunlight near 38.5% of houses. Approximately half of them whose windows were not appropriate location to take adequate sunlight. Frequently rental houses or house whose resident have low socioeconomic status were not built using building materials of good quality (p<0.05 and p<0.001; respectively. In this study, the basic problems of houses related housing health standards were determined as no homogeny heat, inadequate fire safety and taking inadequate sunlight. The results of the study have drawn attention to necessary of facilitation politics to hand a healthy house for persons have low economic status especially. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(3: 151-160

  17. Comparative Research on the Rural Development Levels of 31 Provinces and Regions in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the 2010 China Statistical Yearbook,a total of 12 indicators in the aspects of residents’ production,consumption expenditure,and living conditions are selected in order to construct the indicator system of rural development level.Both factor analysis and cluster analysis methods are adopted to compare the current situations of rural development levels in 31 provinces and regions of China.Result of factor analysis shows that the 12 indicators can be classified into 4 factors,such as the income and expenditure factor,the agricultural scale and science and technology factor,the life quality factor,and the agricultural output factor.Moreover,factors affecting the rural development level of China are analyzed.Then,the 31 provinces and regions are divided into 4 categories according to the development levels in rural areas:the first category is Shanghai,Beijing and Zhejiang,which have the highest development level in rural areas;the second category includes Jiangsu,Shandong and Tianjin,which take the 4th to 6th places;the third category is Guangdong,Jilin,Liaoning,Hebei,Fujian,Heilongjiang,Henan,Inner Mongolia,Anhui,Hubei,Hunan and Jiangxi,which rank the 7th-18th;and the fourth category includes Sichuan,Hainan,Ningxia,Shanxi,Guangxi,Shanxi,Xinjiang,Chongqing,Tibet,Yunnan,Gansu,Qinghai and Guizhou,taking the 19th-31st places.

  18. The Research on Countermeasures of Green Agricultural Development in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Firstly,the thesis introduces the connotation of green agriculture,indicating that the green agriculture has 4 characteristics,namely openness,continuity,high efficiency and standardization,compared with the traditional agricultural development model.Secondly,the advantages of developing green agriculture in Jiangsu Province are discussed,namely rich agricultural resources,notable technological advantage,solid agricultural foundation,high quality of agricultural products,great market prospect of green consumption,and notable policy advantage.In view of the increasing shortage of natural resources,increasing restriction of rural labor force,increasing deterioration of rural environment,inadequate popularization of green agriculture,and fierce competition at home and abroad,the restricted factors of developing green agriculture in Jiangsu Province are introduced.Finally,in view of the agricultural concept innovation,green agricultural system innovation,agricultural technology innovation,agricultural management innovation,operation system innovation,ecological system innovation,development of tourism agriculture and regional differentiation development strategy,the relevant countermeasures and suggestions are put forward,in order to explore a new agricultural development model for Jiangsu’s modern agricultural development.

  19. [Assessment of ecological environment effects of coastal development in Hebei Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Li-Tuo; Li, Zhi-Wei

    2014-07-01

    Through the analysis of the development activities and the ecological environment in coastal of Hebei Province, China, an index system for evaluating the ecological environment effect, composed of 28 indices, was set up by the pressure, state and response subsystems. Using the comprehensive index evaluation method, the integrated effects of ecological environment index (EI) was calculated and its grading criterion was founded. The results showed that the ecological environment effect of Hebei Province coastal development varied from being relatively small, normal and then relatively large from 1984 to 2010, and its acceptance degree evolved from being acceptable to being unacceptable. Because the resource and environment pressures caused by coastal development were serious and a delay existed in the state relative to the response, the improvement of various measures in the response subsystem did not show a positive effect on the state, and the environmental quality of ocean showed a degrading trend. Due to the differences in coastal development pattern and strength, the ecological environment effect of development activities showed some spatial differences. The ecological environment effect of Qinhuangdao coastal development was the minimum, followed by Cangzhou and Tangshan. Cangzhou and Tangshan had reached unacceptable levels and needed to further strengthen the restoration and protection of ecological environment.

  20. Evaluation of water quality using water quality index (WQI) method and GIS in Aksu River (SW-Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Şener, Şehnaz; Şener, Erhan; Davraz, Ayşen

    2017-04-15

    The aim of this study is evaluate water quality of the Aksu River, the main river recharging the Karacaören-1 Dam Lake and flowing approximately 145km from Isparta province to Mediterranean. Due to plan for obtaining drinking water from the Karacaören-1 Dam Lake for Antalya Province, this study has great importance. In this study, physical and chemical analyses of water samples taken from 21 locations (in October 2011 and May 2012, two periods) through flow path of the river were investigated. The analysis results were compared with maximum permissible limit values recommended by World Health Organization and Turkish drinking water standards. The water quality for drinking purpose was evaluated using the water quality index (WQI) method. The computed WQI values are between 35.6133 and 337.5198 in the study. The prepared WQI map shows that Karacaören-1 Dam Lake generally has good water quality. However, water quality is poor and very poor in the north and south of the river basin. The effects of punctual and diffuse pollutants dominate the water quality in these regions. Furthermore, the most effective water quality parameters are COD and Mg on the determination of WQI for the present study.

  1. Identification and assessment of potential water quality impact factors for drinking-water reservoirs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Qing; Deng, Jinsong; Wang, Ke; Lin, Yi; Li, Jun; Gan, Muye; Ma, Ligang; Hong, Yang

    2014-06-10

    Various reservoirs have been serving as the most important drinking water sources in Zhejiang Province, China, due to the uneven distribution of precipitation and severe river pollution. Unfortunately, rapid urbanization and industrialization have been continuously challenging the water quality of the drinking-water reservoirs. The identification and assessment of potential impacts is indispensable in water resource management and protection. This study investigates the drinking water reservoirs in Zhejiang Province to better understand the potential impact on water quality. Altogether seventy-three typical drinking reservoirs in Zhejiang Province encompassing various water storage levels were selected and evaluated. Using fifty-two reservoirs as training samples, the classification and regression tree (CART) method and sixteen comprehensive variables, including six sub-sets (land use, population, socio-economy, geographical features, inherent characteristics, and climate), were adopted to establish a decision-making model for identifying and assessing their potential impacts on drinking-water quality. The water quality class of the remaining twenty-one reservoirs was then predicted and tested based on the decision-making model, resulting in a water quality class attribution accuracy of 81.0%. Based on the decision rules and quantitative importance of the independent variables, industrial emissions was identified as the most important factor influencing the water quality of reservoirs; land use and human habitation also had a substantial impact on water quality. The results of this study provide insights into the factors impacting the water quality of reservoirs as well as basic information for protecting reservoir water resources.

  2. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  3. Environmental factors of urinary stones mineralogy, Khouzestan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarasvandi, Alireza; Carranza, E. J. M.; Heidari, Majid; Mousapour, Esmaeil

    2014-09-01

    Urinary stone diseases in the Khouzestan province (southwest Iran) are growing in number and it required extensive studies on various factors of the urinary stones formation in this province. In this research, in addition to distribution of urinary stones in different areas of province, the role of bioenvironmental (race), climate (temperature) and geology (water hardness) factors in urinary stones diversity has been studied. Mineralogical studied using X-ray diffraction showed that uricite and whewellite are the most frequency mineral phases. Struvite, Cystine, hydroxyapatite, weddellite, and Niahite can be observed as urinary stones, too. These data show that the urinary stone in the Khouzestan province can divide into 7 groups: calcium oxalate, phosphate, calcium oxalate/ phosphate, Urate, Urate/calcium, Urate/calcium oxalate/phosphate, Cystine/calcium oxalate. Also the results which attained from temperature effect investigation on the mineralogy of urinary stones, confirms that from Mediterranean sub-humid climates (northeastern area) to warm and dry climates (south and southwest area), calcium oxalate stones and urate stones concentration decreases and increases respectively. Comparison of data related to the drinking water hardness and mineralogy of urinary stones in different areas of Khouzestan province show that the combination of drinking water (especially water hardness) affects mineralogy of urinary stones in some areas (such az Ramhormoz and Hendijan). Finally, the data suggest that frequency of calcium oxalate in women is more than that of men. Moreover, there is direct relationship between the age (>45 years) and the increase in frequency of Urate minerals.

  4. [Emergy analysis of ecological-economic system in Liaoning Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hao; Wang, Qing; Li, Xiu-Juan; Song, Yang; Li, Guang-Jun

    2008-03-01

    By the methods of emergy analysis, this paper studied the emergy flow in the ecological-economic system in Liaoning Province in 1990-2005, and the relationships between the environmental stress caused by resources' input, output and consumption and the sustainable development of the Province. The results showed that in Liaoning Province, the non-renewable resources occupied over 74% of the total consumed emergy, and the realistic population in 2005 was 3.26 times higher than the supportable population. In 1990-2005, the emergy yield ratio decreased from 65.40 to 10.13, emergy loading ratio increased from 2.72 to 7.18, and emergy sustainable index decreased from 24.03 to 1.41. The rapid economic growth in Liaoning Province was chiefly supported by the consumption of vast non-renewable resources, which caused the pressure of economic development on ecosystem getting more and more intense, the economic development increasingly depending on exogenous resources, and the sustainable development of Liaoning ecological-economic system having a continuing decrease. To realize the sustainable development in Liaoning Province, the principles of reduction, reutilization and recycling should be taken as the guidelines for promoting the reuse of wastes and the closed fine circulation of resources to minimize the discharge of wastes.

  5. Spatial distribution of cancer in Kohgilooyeh and Boyerahmad province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Fararouei

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spatial distribution of cancer is one of the powerful tools in epidemiology of cancer. The present study is designed to understand the geographical distribution of most frequent types of cancer in K&B province. Methods: All registered cases of cancer are reviewed and duplicate cases were removed. The data was analyzed using Arcgis software. Results: Of all registered cases, 1273  remained for analysis of which 57% were residences of urban areas. Cities including  Sisakht, Yasuj and Dehdsasht were shown to have highest incidence rates among the Urban areas. Dena, Sepidar and Kohmare Khaleghi had the highest rates among the rural areas in the province. Skin cancer was the most common type of cancer which had the highest rates of incidence in Sisakht and Dehdasht and Dena and Sepidar among urban and rural areas respectively. Conclusion: The distribution of cancer was not even in the province. Attitude and consumption of wild and regional plants are introduced as the potential risk factors for such a spatial distribution of the common cancers I the province. The results of this study could be used for further analytical studies to understand the regional etiology of cancer in the province.

  6. Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

    1988-08-01

    According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

  7. Urbanization of Jilin Province and Its Spatial Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Bo; GUO Qinghai; Dou Sen

    2006-01-01

    Urbanization is a crucial criterion of assessing a nation's or a particular region's level of modernization. It has been accelerated all over the world in the 21th century. The main purpose of this research is to provide a strategy of spatial pattern ofurbanization for rural areas in Jilin Province based on the reality of economic development in Jilin and the imbalance of natural resources distribution. The strategy divides the nine central cities of Jilin Province into three economic circles. The outer economic circle, open circle, includes Yanbian, Baishan, Tonghua and Baicheng, covering the eastern and western parts of Jilin Province. The middle one includes Jilin, Liaoyuan, Siping and Songyuan. The inner one, centring as Changchun, includes Gongzhuling, Yitong, Nong'an, Jiutai and Dehui. It needs to centre as Changchun which has the good foundation of economic development and more economic increase, then by economic effect extending out gradually, other areas develop subsequently. To construct Jilin as a green ecological province, cultivation in the outer circle should be controlled, with the main aim to recover grassland. Large population should be moved to other places by developing labor economy. From economy and ecology, to decrease the load of the land can reduce the loss of the resources and benefit the balance of ecology. Subsequently, the whole province's economy will be developed sustainably.

  8. The link between water quality and tidal marshes in a highly impacted estuary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meire, Patrick; Maris, Tom; van Damme, Stefan; Jacobs, Sander; Cox, Tom; Struyf, Eric

    2010-05-01

    The Schelde estuary is one of the most heavily impacted estuaries in Europe. During several decades, untreated waste water from large cities (e.g. Brussels, Antwerp, Valenciennes, Lille) and industries was discharged in the river. As a result, the Schelde estuary has the reputation of being one of the most polluted estuaries in Europe. For a long time (approx. 1950 - 1995) all forms of higher life (macro-invertebrates and fish) were absent in the fresh and brackish parts of the estuary. Due to European legislation, a large part of the sewage water is now treated resulting in a significant recovery of water quality in the estuary. However, next to water quality, the estuary also suffered serious habitat losses during the last decades, mostly due to economic development and changing hydrological conditions causing more erosion. Over the last fifteen years, the management of the estuary has changed fundamentally. It is now more and more focused on the restoration of ecosystem services. In this presentation we will document the changes in water quality over the last 50 years and summarize recent work on the role of tidal marshes on water quality within the freshwater part of the Schelde estuary. Our results stress the important of taking into account ecosystem services and habitat restoration for long-term estuarine management. .After decades of high inorganic nutrient concentrations and recurring anoxia and hypoxia, we observed a paradoxical increase in chlorophyll-a concentrations with decreasing nutrient inputs, indicating a regime shift. Our results indicate that the recovery of a hypereutrophied systems towards a classical eutrophied state, needs the reduction of waste loads below certain thresholds. Paradoxically, phytoplankton production was inhibited by high ammonia or low oxygen concentrations. The system state change is accompanied by large fluctuations in oxygen concentrations. The improved water quality resulted in a remarkable recovery of different groups

  9. 多分辨率遥感土地覆被数据质量综合评价 ——以湖南省桃源县为例%Quality Assessment of Multi-resolution Remote Sensing Land Cover Data:A Case Study in Taoyuan County of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许光明; 杨雅萍; 杨飞; 荆文龙; 常中兵

    2016-01-01

    The quality assessment of remote sensing land cover data is the premise and guarantee of using it reasonably, and it's helpful to improve remote sensing mapping methods. In this study, the 1:100000 land use data of Taoyuan county in 2010 was used as the reference data to validate four different resolution land cover data: RapidEye_5 m, FROM_GLC (30 m), GlobCover2009 (300 m) and MODIS_V005 (500 m). We evaluated the four different resolution land cover data from three aspects, including area relevance and consistency, spatial consistency, and window analysis based on the conversion of classification systems. The results show that:the overall accuracy of RapidEye_5 m data is the highest, MODIS_V005 and FROM_GLC are intermediate, and Glob-Cover2009 data is relatively lower. The land cover data with higher resolution have a certain superiority for classifications of resi-dence, transportation land, water and other fine material, and the area relevance and the overall consistency of primary types is high-er than secondary types. Producer accuracy and user accuracy of the four types of land cover data in crop land, woodland and water is better, while in the construction land and other unused land is lower. Moreover, the spatial consistency of FROM_GLC and MO-DIS_V005 data is poor in the shrub grassland. The spatial consistency of the four different resolution land cover data is better in the flat areas. Confusion occurred mainly among shrub grassland, woodland and crop land. With the increase of resolution for land cov-er data, more and more land cover types can be distinguished. The number of land cover types separated from RapidEye_5 m and FROM_GLC (30 m) land cover data focuses on the range of 7-16, in contrast, data with lower resolution focuses on the range of 1-5. Furthermore, data with higher resolution are better to distinguish the grand objects in hilly and mountainous areas.%评价土地覆被数据质量是正确、合理使用数据的前提和保障,有助

  10. Household food security and hunger in rural and urban communities in the Free State Province, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Corinna M; van Rooyen, Francois C

    2015-01-01

    Household food security impacts heavily on quality of life. We determined factors associated with food insecurity in 886 households in rural and urban Free State Province, South Africa. Significantly more urban than rural households reported current food shortage (81% and 47%, respectively). Predictors of food security included vegetable production in rural areas and keeping food for future use in urban households. Microwave oven ownership was negatively associated with food insecurity in urban households and using a primus or paraffin stove positively associated with food insecurity in rural households. Interventions to improve food availability and access should be emphasized.

  11. Analysis of Factors Influencing Farmers’ Participation in Forest Farmers Cooperatives Based on Empirical Research of Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenyi; HUANG; Lanying; LI; Hongwei; TONG; Fei; WANG; Xueqin; CHEN

    2013-01-01

    Based on field research data of farmers in Zhejiang Province, the authors analyzed factors influencing farmers’ participation in forest farmers cooperatives (hereafter referred to as FFCs) by the binary logistic regression model. Results show that understanding of farmers about cooperatives has a great influence on their behavior of participation in FFCs. Besides, educational level of householders and existing member scale of cooperatives also have significant influence on farmers’ behavior of participation in cooperatives. Therefore, it is required to strengthen propaganda of cooperatives, deepen their understanding of cooperatives; cultivate new high quality farmers to provide talents for development of cooperatives; establish incentive mechanism to encourage farmers to participate in cooperatives.

  12. Primer on Water Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... water quality. What do we mean by "water quality"? Water quality can be thought of as a measure ... is suitable for a particular use. How is water quality measured? Some aspects of water quality can be ...

  13. Integrated Assessment of Mineral Resources and Environment in Mid-South of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    On the bases of the field survey and a large number of testing data, we process the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the mine environment in the mid-south of Shandong Province using the following grade- I factors:the surface subsidence in mining area, the three wastes of mine industries, the pollution sources, the surface water pollution, the underground water pollution and the air pollution. By means of emitting factor judgment and water quality indexes, we locate pollution sources, main pollutants, pollution type and pollution grade in the study area. Using the MAPGIS, we draw a zonality map of the mine environment. This paper attempts to offer a concrete example, including valuable assessment method, data and conclusion, for the assessment of mine environment from the integrated assessment of mineral resources and mine environment.This research is oriented towards the sustainable development and the ecological environment optimization.

  14. Improving Mental Health Care for Young Adults in Badakshan Province of Afghanistan Using eHealth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoja, Shariq; Khan, Maria Arif; Husyin, Nida; Scott, Richard; Yousafzai, Abdul Wahab; Durrani, Hammad; Mohbatali, Fatima; Khan, Dodo

    2015-01-01

    Decades of war, social problems and poverty, have led large number of Afghan youth aged between 18-25 years suffering from mental health problems. Other important contributing factors include extreme poverty, insecurity, and violence and gender disparities, contributing to worsening mental and emotional health conditions in the country. The reported project is designed to strengthen the health system for improving mental health services in the province of Badakshan by improving awareness in the community and empowering frontline health workers. The project uses technological innovations, in combination with traditional approaches, to reduce stigma, enhance capacity of health providers and improve access to the specialist. The project also focuses on skills development of health providers, and empowering them to provide quality mental health services through access to interactive protocols, Management Information system and telemedicine.

  15. Maps showing ground-water units and withdrawal, Basin and Range Province, Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, B.T.; Bedinger, M.S.; Mikels, John

    1984-01-01

    This report on ground-water units and withdrawal in the Basin and Range province of Texas (see index map) was prepared as part of a program of the U.S. Geological Survey to identify prospective regions for further study relative to isolation of high-level nuclear waste (Bedinger, Sargent, and Reed, 1984), utilizing program guidelines defined in Sargent and Bedinger (1984). Also included in this report are selected references on pertinent geologic and hydrologic studies of the region. Other map reports in this series contain detailed data on ground-water quality, surface distribution of selected rock types, tectonic conditions, areal geophysics, Pleistocene lakes and marshes, and mineral and energy resources.

  16. Wetland Purification Pattern for Surface Runoff Pollution of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanbo; ZHAO; Wenzhi; YAN; Hongwei; YAN

    2015-01-01

    Taking surface runoff of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province as research object,this paper analyzed water quality characteristics of runoff and flow rules of pollutants. It proposed using constructed wetland treatment technique in the drainage system from the perspective of effectively removing major pollutants. Using the constructed wetland k- C* model and relevant experience,parameters of constructed wetland can be obtained. The basic model is as follows: constructed wetland lies in two sides of the road,and surface runoff sewage is collected and treated separately with 1 km road section as the collection unit. The wetland area in one side is 191. 6 m2,average water depth is 0. 5 m,wetland width is 8 m,and wetland length is 24 m.

  17. Epidemiology of cancer in Mazandaran province 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faezeh Norouzi Nejad1

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 11 April, 2009 ; Accepted 8 July, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: Cancer is the second most common cause of death in developed countries and third in less developed countries. The incidence of the different histological types of cancer varies greatly between various populations and is attributed to occupational, social, cultural, racial, and geographic influences. The objective of this study was to determine and register all cases of cancer among population of Mazandaran province, during the year of .Materials and methods: Characteristics of all registered malignancies were obtained from records in histopathology and radiology clinical, hospitals and deaths certificated in Mazandaran using the International Classification of Disease (ICD, with data being analyzed using ASR, Excel and spss soft ware.Results: A total of . patients with cancers were found during this study. These, .. were males and . (.% females. Age standardized rate (ASR for all cancers in males and females were 1. and . Respectively. The most common malignancies among females were breast (. skin (., colon and rectum cancers (..In men, stomach (42.41, skin (. and esophagus (. were the most common cancers respectively. Infiltrating duct carcinoma, was the most common histopathological types of tumors (69. in breast cancer. The most common morphology in stomach cancer was adenocarcinoma, (..Conclusion: Distribution of malignant disorders in our population is different from other regions. Therefore, it appears necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention. Consequently, it is necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention and control of this problem.Key words: J Mazand Univ Med

  18. Political Ideology and Economic Freedom across Canadian Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian; Potrafke, Niklas

    This paper examines how political ideology influenced economic freedom in the Canadian provinces. We analyze the dataset of economic freedom indicators compiled by the Fraser Institute in 10 Canadian provinces over the 1981-2005 period and introduce two different indices of political ideology: go...... leftist and rightwing governments concerning the role of government in the economy and (2) indicates that ideological polarization concerns governments but less parliamentary fractions in the Canadian provinces. ......: government and parliament ideology. The results suggest that government ideology influenced labor market reforms: market-oriented governments promoted liberalization of the labor market. Parliamentary ideology did not influence economic liberalization at all. This finding (1) identifies differences between...

  19. Empirical Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the agricultural production efficiency of all cities and areas in Shaanxi Province in the period 2006-2009 using data envelopment analysis method,and compares the agricultural production efficiency between all cities and areas.The results show that the agricultural production efficiency and scale efficiency of agriculture of Shaanxi Province are high on the whole,but the efficiency of agricultural technology is very low,agricultural development still relies on factor inputs,and the driving role of technological progress is not conspicuous.Finally the following countermeasures are put forward to promote agricultural productivity in Shaanxi Province:improve the construction of agricultural infrastructure,and increase agricultural input;accelerate the project of extending agricultural technology into households,and promote the conversion and use rate of agricultural scientific and technological achievements;establish and improve industrial system of agriculture,and speed up the building of various agricultural cooperative economic organizations.

  20. Contribution to the Tabanidae (Insecta: Diptera Fauna of Kayseri Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Altunsoy

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available As a result of study in Kayseri province subfamily Pangonine depending 1 species, subfamily Chrysopsinae depending 3 species and subfamily Tabaninae depending 36 species. Totally 40 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Chrysops caecutiens, Atylotus fulvus, Atylotus loewianus, Hybomitra acuminata, Tabanus armeniacus, Tabanus atropathenicus, Tabanus autumnalis, Tabanus cordiger, Tabanus eggeri, Tabanus glaucopis, Tabanus holtzianus, Tabanus indrae, Tabanus prometheus, Tabanus quatuornatatus, Tabanus regularis, Tabanus rupium, Tabanus spodopterus, Tabanus tergestinus, Tabanus tinctus, Haematopota crassicornis, Haematopota grandis, Haematopota pallens, Haematopota subcylindrica, Dasyrhamphis carbonarius and Philipomyia aprica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Kayseri province reaches to 42 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

  1. [Malignant pustule in province of Milan, Italy (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelosa, L

    1978-01-01

    Preliminary the statistical data are reported about human malignant pustule denounced in Italy in different Districts, in Lombardia and in Province of Milan. Correlatively the outbreaks and cases of haematic anthrax in animals declared in Italy, in different Districts, in Lombardia and in Province of Milan. Then the outbreaks of malignant pustule in Province of Milan are related in 1975-1977 period in the resident population where is considerable concentration of the leather manufactures. The epidemiological and microbiological researches have determined the relation among the outbreak of malignant pustule and the working of the hides imported from African Countries (Nigeria, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Africa, Burundi-Kenya, Uganda) containing the spores of b. anthrax. The spores besides to cause infections of the workmen employed in the hide manufacture (industrial anthrax) through the effluents and solid refuses from the tanneries, are dispended upon the tiled ground and determine outbreak the haematic anthrax in the animals and agricultural coutaneus anthrax in the men.

  2. Health Technology Assessment of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueze Liu; Jianwen Cao; Zuxun Lu

    2004-01-01

    Assess the current status of MRI in Shanxi province by health technology assessment method to provide suggestion and guidelines for future government decisions on the procurement and installation of new high-tech medical equipments. All of the 21 hospitals installed MRIs were surveyed.The results showed that 1 ) Diffusion of MRI is consistent with the economic development in different regional districts and hospital levels in Shanxi province. 2) There are better monetary returns of MRI in higher level hospitals than lower level hospitals. 3) Most MRIs in Shanxi province had been running at a loss, and the first class tertiary level hospitals had been making profit from providing MRI services to patients. 4) Better cost-benefit accorded with higher hospital level, more patients serviced etc. 5 ) The biggest investment risk is the initial purchase and installation of MRI. 6) Positive rates and veracity of MRI diagnosis were higher. 7) MRI is a safe equipment.

  3. The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Majka

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

  4. The application of environmental certification to the Province of Siena.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridolfi, R; Andreis, D; Panzieri, M; Ceccherini, F

    2008-01-01

    The SPIn-Eco project has provided very broad and precise data collection regarding the Province of Siena. These data and their elaborations have also been developed as a basis for the environmental certification of this organization. In this way, the Administration of the Province of Siena (the first Province in Italy) has reached its goal of obtaining better knowledge of the state of the system and of constructing its environmental management system (EMS) according to the environmental aspects directly and indirectly arising from the organization's activities. Indirect aspects are mainly related to the territorial monitoring and planning. Indicators based on the classical pressure-state-response approach, as well as more complex ones based on CO(2) balance, emergy and ecological footprint analyses, have been used to assess the environmental performance of the EMS. This paper presents how this EMS is constructed, as well as the indicators that are used to analyze the system, paying particular attention to sustainability indicators.

  5. Thermodynamic analysis of the province of Ravenna (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastianoni, Simone; Marchettini, Nadia; Panzieri, Margherita; Ridolfi, Roberto

    2002-09-01

    This is a thermodynamic analysis of the Province of Ravenna (Italy) and its districts (Ravenna, Faenza and Lugo) and an evaluation of entropy waste production based on a balance sheet of greenhouse gases. The method used is energy analysis. The results show that the Province and Ravenna are characterized by a heavy exploitation of local non renewable resources, Faenza strikes a good balance between economic development and environment conservation and Lugo is less sustainable than the others. The greenhouse gas balance shows that the Province emits 10.5 times the quantity of greenhouse gases that it adsorbs and that the emissions reduction is required in the energy sector, which is responsible for 92% of the total.

  6. Analysis on Current Situation and Countermeasures Heilongjiang Province Agricultural Products Export%黑龙江省农产品出口现状与对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武尔娜

    2012-01-01

    黑龙江省作为我国的农业大省,土地肥沃,资源丰富,农产品出口提高了黑龙江省的经济收入。阐述了黑龙江省农产品的出口产品质量、结构等现状,在分析影响出口农产品的结构单一、依赖集中出口国、产品品质低等问题的基础上,提出了调整产品结构提高技术水平、加强合作开拓新市场、提高品质等解决策略,以指导生产。%As a main agriculture province with fertile land and abundant resource,economic income is increased by agricultural products export in Heilongjiang province.It described present status of agricultural product export in Heilongjiang province from quality,structure and so on.Based on the analyzing the influence factors of export agricultural products,such as single structure,depending on the concentration of export country and low product quality,some countermeasures that improving technology and adjusting product structure,strengthening cooperation and developing new markets,improving the quality were put forward to guide the production.

  7. Studying Present Dairy Industry Management in the Khorasan Province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Valizadeh

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The present condition and feeds utilization of dairy industry in Khorasan province was studied in 113 dairy farms based on the official data from Ministry of Agricultural-Jehad. Questioners evaluated the required parameters. The percentage proportion of lactating cows, dry cows, pregnant heifers, virgin heifers, 6-12 months old calves, under 6 months and 3 months old calves and breeding bulls were; 39, 10, 11, 6, 15, 9, 10 and 0.1 precent, respectively. Mean of milk yield was 25.5 kg/day with fat content of 3.5%. A large variation was detected in forage quality and concentrate constituents and composition. Generally, difference between feed costs in various seasons was about 30%. All group of cows were offered more nutrients than the recommended levels. The percentage of extra feed cost in comparison with the total dairy cost of feeding was 9.1, 14.3, 15.0 and 9.1 percent for the high, medium and low milk- producing and dry cows. Most of the used concentrates were prepared in the farms. Net energy of lactation (NEL and protein contents of the hand made and factory made concentrates were 1.73±0.03 Mcal per kg dry matter, 16.1±0.8% and 1.68±0.04 Mcal per kg dry matter and 15.3±1.04%, respectively. In most of the farms, silos were non-appropriately made. It was concluded that most of the utilized rations were imbalance in energy and protein ratios. Technical attention must be regarded to the ration formulation and forage quality in the province.

  8. Cyclist exposure to UFP and BC on urban routes in Antwerp, Belgium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Jan; Van den Bossche, Joris; Reggente, Matteo; Van Poppel, Martine; De Baets, Bernard; Theunis, Jan

    2014-08-01

    Ultrafine particles (UFP) and black carbon (BC) concentrations show a highly dynamic micro-variability in urban area. Mobile monitoring using a bicycle platform (354 runs in 1 month) was adopted in this study to characterize the micro-variability in relation to traffic intensity, street topology and meteorological conditions. For UFP and BC a positive relationship was demonstrated between pollutant concentration and traffic intensity. In addition, the distance to the traffic and the street topology were the dominant factors influencing the UFP and BC concentrations. A high variability between streets and even within streets was observed, and also between days and hour of the day. The exposure of cyclists in urban environments is strongly linked to the spatio-temporal variability of the pollutant concentrations. Fixed-track comparisons through time revealed significant differences in exposure between days and hour of the day, but even more importantly due to the occurrence of peak concentrations along the cycling track. Peaks were mainly found near busy cross-roads and in tunnels.

  9. Antwerp Advanced Study Institute on Electronic Structure, Dynamics and Quantum Structural Properties of Condensed Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Camp, Piet

    1985-01-01

    The 1984 Advanced Study Institute on "Electronic Structure, Dynamics and Quantum Structural Properties of Condensed Matter" took place at the Corsendonk Conference Center, close to the City of Antwerpen, from July 16 till 27, 1984. This NATO Advanced Study Institute was motivated by the research in my Institute, where, in 1971, a project was started on "ab-initio" phonon calculations in Silicon. I~ is my pleasure to thank several instances and people who made this ASI possible. First of all, the sponsor of the Institute, the NATO Scientific Committee. Next, the co-sponsors: Agfa-Gevaert, Bell Telephone Mfg. Co. N.V., C & A, Esso Belgium·, CDC Belgium, Janssens Pharmaceutica, Kredietbank and the Scientific Office of the U.S. Army. Special thanks are due to Dr. P. Van Camp and Drs. H. Nachtegaele, who, over several months, prepared the practical aspects of the ASI with the secretarial help of Mrs. R.-M. Vandekerkhof. I also like to. thank Mrs. M. Cuyvers who prepared and organized the subject and material ...

  10. Frame ambiguity in policy controversies: critical frame analysis of migrant integration policies in Antwerp and Rotterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Dekker (Rianne)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractPolicy frames are understood as the outcome of a policy process in which multiple frames are contesting, but where one frame prevails and characterizes policies. Policy frames are therefore perceived and studied as coherent interpretations of a policy issue containing a problem definitio

  11. The Rough Road to Antwerp: The First Canadian Army’s Operations Along the Channel Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    Estee Pinchasin, who proofread this document countless times. She assisted me in overcoming my natural tendency towards excessive passive voice...American built M7 105mm Self Propelled Howitzer. It was modified to carry troops simply by removing the 105mm howitzer and subsequently nicknamed

  12. Note on Cladonia species (lichenized Ascomycota from Ardahan province (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Osyczka

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the first report on Cladonia species from Ardahan, a north-eastern province of Turkey. A circumpolar boreal-low arctic species, Cladonia acuminata, rarely reported from Asia, and the recently described Cladonia monomorpha are reported as new for Turkey. Their detailed descriptions and taxonomical remarks are provided. Localities of other ascertained Cladonia species in the province supplement the knowledge of their distribution patterns in the country. In addition, the typically corticolous/lignicolous species Vulpicida pinastri is mentioned as also growing on primary squamules and podetia of C. pyxidata.

  13. Formal and Informal Rural Credit in Four Provinces of Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barslund, Mikkel Christoffer; Tarp, Finn

    This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used for co...... are striking. A ‘one size fits all' approach to credit policy in Vietnam would be inappropriate......This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used...

  14. Quaternary basaltic volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina

    The extensive Quaternary volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Mendoza, Argentina, is investigated in this study by major and trace element analyses, Sr, Nd, Hf and Pb-isotopic analyses and Zr-Hf isotope dilution data on samples from almost the entire province. The samples are mainly...... in basalts from all the studied volcanic fields in Payenia is signs of lower crustal contamination indicating assimilation of, in some cases, large amounts of trace element depleted, mafic, plagioclase-bearing rocks. The northern Payenia is dominated by backarc basalts erupted between late Pliocene to late...

  15. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  16. Genetic diversity of Tricholoma matsutake in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHA Tao; ZHANG HanBo; DING HuaSun; LI ZongJu; CHENG LiZhong; ZHAO ZhiWei; ZHANG YaPing

    2007-01-01

    To investigate the genetic diversity of Tricholoma matsutake, we studied ITS and IGS1 sequences and PCR polymorphism of a retrotransposon in 56 fruit bodies collected from 13 counties of 9 regions in Yunnan Province. We found one and three haplotypes based on ITS and IGS1 sequences, respectively.Moreover, there was no significant difference in PCR polymorphism of the retrotransposon among different populations. Compared with Jilin Province (China) and Japanese populations, although Yunnan was highly homogenous to Japanese populations, Iow genetic diversity of T. matsutake in Yunnan did not support the view that this species originated from Yunnan.

  17. Empirical Analysis on the Determinants of Economic Growth in Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Status of economic development in Shaanxi Province is analyzed, showing that Shaanxi Province has achieved the fast and stable economic growth; and total GDP and fixed assets investment have shown a sustainable growth. According to the time series statistics of Shaanxi Province in the years 1978-2008, Cobb-Douglas Function is used to carry out the empirical analysis on the contribution of fixed assets investment and labor input to economic growth of Shaanxi Province, China. Result shows that capital and labor input are the major driving forces for the economic growth of Shaanxi Province. In other words, economic growth mode of Shaanxi Province is still extensive. Economic growth of Shaanxi Province is increasingly dependent on capital investment and technological progress. Contribution rates of capital and labor to economic growth are 66.9% and 33.1%, respectively. Therefore, investment is a source of economic growth in Shaanxi Province through the reform and opening up in the last three decades.

  18. Geologic Provinces of the Former Soviet Union, 2000 (prv1ec)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data represent geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by the authors and based on numerous literature and map resources. Geologic province...

  19. Management of Peat Fires on Smoldering Phase (Case Study: District Siak and District Kampar Riau Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syafrudin Syafrudin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The difficulty of finding land for farming activities in Indonesia caused some communities began to switch utilizing peat land for agricultural areas such as oil palm. Oil palm plantation is a commodity that has been developed in Indonesia.Oil palm planted area has increased rapidly.Since 1967 extensive oil palm plantations has increased 35times to 5.6 million ha in 2005 and about 7.8 million ha in 2009. The biggest expansion of oil palm plantations occur in 6 province,one of them is Riau.Most people take a practical way to open agricultural areas by burning peat.Riau Province in Indonesia is one of the major hotspots for peat fires during the dry season. Peat fire at smouldering phaseemits a lot of compounds that are not completely oxidized (e.g. CO, VOCs, PAHs that more dangerous than the emissions released during combustion at flaming fires. Particulate Matter (PM 2.5 is one of the emissions from peat fires too.However, existing data on VOCs and PM 2.5 of smoke from peat fires Indonesia is still limited.The aim of this study was to analyze the concentration of VOCs and PM 2.5 on emissions from peat fires in the Langkai Village Siak District and RimboPanjang Village Kampar District Riau Province when compared with background site and the permissible exposure limit and provide recommendations based on the results of this research.VOCs measurement method is based on NIOSH 1500 and EPA TO-17 while the PM 2.5 based on IMPROVE A method. The average concentration of PM 2.5 is 996.72 ± 531.01μg/m3. PM2.5 concentrations increased (compared with the background site was very high at 4,838%.This condition causes a decrease in air quality and serious health problems. While the results of the maximum TVOCs concentration obtained in Siak District was 391,880 g/m3, while in Kampar Districtwas 195,940 g/m3. TVOCs concentration atSiak Districtwas 130.63 times greater than the existing quality standards, while at Kampar District regency was 65.31 times

  20. Barriers to increasing hospital birth rates in rural Shanxi Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yu; Barclay, Lesley; Kildea, Sue; Hao, Min; Belton, Suzanne

    2010-11-01

    This study investigated the reasons for continued high rates of home births in rural Shanxi Province, northern China, despite a national programme designed to encourage hospital deliveries. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 30 home-birthing women in five rural counties and drew on hospital audit data, observations and interviews with local health workers from a larger study. Multiple barriers were identified, including economic and geographic factors and poor quality of maternity care. Women's main reasons for not having institutional births were financial difficulties (n=26); poor quality of antenatal care (n=13); transport problems (n=11); dissatisfaction with hospital care expressed as fear of being in hospital (n=10); convenience of being at home and continuity of care provided by traditional birth attendants (TBAs) (n=10); and belief that the birth would be normal (n=6). These barriers must all be overcome to improve access to and acceptability of hospital birth. To ensure that the national policy of improving the hospital birth rate is implemented effectively, the government needs to improve the quality of antenatal and delivery care, increase financial subsidies to reduce out-of-pocket payments, remove transport barriers, and where hospital birth is not available in remote areas, consider allowing skilled attendance at home on an outreach basis and integrate TBAs into the health system.

  1. Study on the Driving Forces of Rocky Desertification in Guizhou Province Based on Variation Coefficient Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province. [Method] Based on GIS and RS technology, the main driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province were analyzed by means of correlation analysis and variation coefficient method, and then the distribution of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province was assessed synthetically. [Result] The main driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province were vegetation cover, rainfall, peasant incom...

  2. Actuality and Influencing Factors of Integrated Production Capacity of Foodstuff in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Hui-qiu; Zhang De-hua

    2012-01-01

    Heilongjiang Province is an important marketable grain depot in China. Since the reform and opening up, Heilongjiang Province production capacity of foodstuff is increasingly growing into a new level. This paper started with the actuality of Heilongjiang Province integrated production capacity of foodstuff, and analyzed its major factors empirically through the mathematical model, then proposed some measures to enhance Heilongjiang Province production capacity of foodstuff which ensured China foodstuff security

  3. Relationship between Quality of Work Life and Work Alienation: Research on Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çetinkanat, Ayse Canan; Kösterelioglu, Meltem Akin

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study is examined primary school teachers' quality of work life and work alienation perceptions. The sample of the study was composed of teachers (N = 426) employed in Bolu province central and district state primary schools in 2010-2011 academic year. For data collection purposes, "Personal Information Form" was used…

  4. The marine mollusk fauna of the Virginian area as a basis for defining Zoogeographical provinces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coomans, H.E.

    1962-01-01

    The marine fauna of the American Atlantic coast between Cape Cod and Cape Hatteras, the Virginian area, is placed by zoogeographers in different provinces: in the Transatlantic, or in the Boreal province. It is sometimes considered to be a province of its own, or only a transition between the Boreal

  5. China's Most Populous Province to Ban Fetus Sex Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Henan, the most populous province in central China,is plagued by an excessively high sex ratio imbalance at birth in certain parts of the province. To ameliorate the situation, the province will enact regulations to ban non-medically necessary fetus gender identification and sex-selective abortions.

  6. The Emeishan large igneous province: A synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gregory Shellnutt

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The late Permian Emeishan large igneous province (ELIP covers ∼0.3 × 106 km2 of the western margin of the Yangtze Block and Tibetan Plateau with displaced, correlative units in northern Vietnam (Song Da zone. The ELIP is of particular interest because it contains numerous world-class base metal deposits and is contemporaneous with the late Capitanian (∼260 Ma mass extinction. The flood basalts are the signature feature of the ELIP but there are also ultramafic and silicic volcanic rocks and layered mafic-ultramafic and silicic plutonic rocks exposed. The ELIP is divided into three nearly concentric zones (i.e. inner, middle and outer which correspond to progressively thicker crust from the inner to the outer zone. The eruptive age of the ELIP is constrained by geological, paleomagnetic and geochronological evidence to an interval of ≤3 Ma. The presence of picritic rocks and thick piles of flood basalts testifies to high temperature thermal regime however there is uncertainty as to whether these magmas were derived from the subcontinental lithospheric mantle or sub-lithospheric mantle (i.e. asthenosphere or mantle plume sources or both. The range of Sr (ISr ≈ 0.7040–0.7132, Nd (ɛNd(t ≈ −14 to +8, Pb (206Pb/204Pb1 ≈ 17.9–20.6 and Os (γOs ≈ −5 to +11 isotope values of the ultramafic and mafic rocks does not permit a conclusive answer to ultimate source origin of the primitive rocks but it is clear that some rocks were affected by crustal contamination and the presence of near-depleted isotope compositions suggests that there is a sub-lithospheric mantle component in the system. The silicic rocks are derived by basaltic magmas/rocks through fractional crystallization or partial melting, crustal melting or by interactions between mafic and crustal melts. The formation of the Fe-Ti-V oxide-ore deposits is probably due to a combination of fractional crystallization of Ti-rich basalt and fluxing of CO2-rich fluids

  7. Some Environmental Consequences of Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffin, M. F.

    2009-12-01

    The formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs)—continental flood basalts, ‘volcanic’ margins, and oceanic plateaus—may impact the atmosphere, oceans, and biosphere by rapidly releasing huge amounts of particulates, magmatic volatiles (CO2, SO2, Cl, F, etc.), and potentially volatiles (CO2, CH4, SO2, etc.) from intruded sediments (e.g., carbonates, organic-rich shales, evaporites). A key factor affecting the magnitude of volatile release is whether eruptions are subaerial or marine; hydrostatic pressure inhibits vesiculation and degassing of relatively soluble volatile components (H2O, S, Cl, F) in deep water submarine eruptions, although low solubility components (CO2, noble gases) are mostly degassed even at abyssal depths. Directly or indirectly, such injections may cause changes in the atmosphere/ocean system that can lead to perturbations of atmosphere/ocean chemistry, circulation, ecology, and biological productivity. These changes can be global in extent, particularly if environmental conditions were at or near a threshold state or tipping point. LIPs may have been responsible for some of the most dramatic and rapid changes in the global environment. For example, between ~145 and ~50 Ma, the global ocean was characterized by chemical and isotopic variations (especially in C and Sr isotope ratios, trace metal concentrations, and biocalcification), relatively high temperatures, high relative sea level, episodic deposition of black shales (oceanic anoxic events), high production of hydrocarbons, mass extinctions of marine organisms, and radiations of marine flora and fauna. Temporal correlations between the intense pulses of igneous activity associated with LIP formation and environmental changes suggest more than pure coincidence. The 1783-84 eruption of Laki on Iceland provides the only historical record of the type of volcanism that constructs transient LIPs. Although Laki produced a basaltic lava flow representing only ~1% of the volume of a typical

  8. Evaluation of Biobras-16 in cucumber growing with a decrease of the time of irrigation, in Holguín province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Gustavo González Gómez

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The work was carried out in an organoponic in Holguín province. Cucumber cultivation, Poinset variety, was chosen with the objective of evaluating the effects of Biobras 16, when the seeds are soaked in it and the irrigation time decreases by 10, 30 and 50%, we assessed its influence on the yield and the quality of fruits. Major yield components were measured and the development stages of the crop. Data were processed by the statistical package version 8 on Windows. Significant conclusions were reached about the positive effects on yield and fruit quality, when reducing irrigation time and seeds are soaked with Biobras-16 before sowing.

  9. Genotyping Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-Hui Zhao

    Full Text Available The present study examined the prevalence and genotypes of Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi province, China. A total of 2071 fecal samples (847 from Qinchuan cattle and 1224 from dairy cattle were examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and 70 samples (3.4% were C. andersoni-positive and those positive samples were identified by PCR amplification of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA and the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP genes. C. andersoni was the only species found in the examined cattle in this province. Fifty-seven C. andersoni isolates were characterized into 5 MLST subtypes using multilocus sequence typing analysis, including a new subtype in the native beef breed Qinchuan cattle. All of these C. andersoni isolates presented a clonal genetic structure. These findings provide new insights into the genetic structure of C. andersoni isolates in Shaanxi province and basic data of Cryptosporidium prevalence status, which in turn have implications for controlling cryptosporidiosis in this province.

  10. From Friendship Provinces to University Teacher/Student Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Kao-Walter, Sharon; Huang, Yayu

    2009-01-01

    The establishment of the province friendship between Blekinge (Sweden) and Yunnan (China) has lead to a coperation agreement between two local Universities: Blekinge Institute of Technology and Kunming University of Science and Technology. It leads to the development of the cooperation of two provices in the fields of culture, business and education.

  11. Epidemiology of malt fever in Kermanshah province in 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazdan Hamzavi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Brucellosis is a zoonotic, chronic and infectious disease in many developing countries, including Iran. This study investigated some of the epidemiological features of the disease in Kermanshah province in 2011. Methods: In this descriptive study, all of the patients with brucellosis reported to the health center of the province during the year 2011 were studied. The demographic and some epidemiologic parameters of the disease were recorded in the questionnaires. All collected data were analyzed using SPSS (version19 software. Results: Totally, 777 cases of brucellosis were reported to the health center of the province in 2011. The lowest incidence of brucellosis in the province was 40.8/100000 .The highest and lowest incidence rates were seen in Dalahoo (215.2/100 000 and Javanrood (12.6/100 000 districts, respectively. 47.4% of the patients were female and about half of the patients were under 30 years old. Raw milk was the most common cause of the disease consumed by 81.9% of the cases. Also, 87.6% of the patients were living in rural areas and the peak of disease was seen in the spring and summer months. Conclusion: Despite the significant reduction, it seems that the incidence of disease in some rural areas of the districts such as Dalahoo and Sarpol-e-Zahab are very high.

  12. A biogenic volatile organic compounds emission inventory for Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhi-hui; BAI Yu-hua; ZHANG Shu-yu

    2005-01-01

    The first detailed inventory for volatile organic compounds(VOC) emissions from vegetation over Yunnan Province, China was presented. The spatially and temporally resolved inventory was developed based on a geographic information system (GIS), remote sensing(RS) data and field measurement data, such as digitized land-use data, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVl) and temperature data from direct real-time measurement. The inventory has a spatial resolution of 5 km × 5 km and a time resolution of 1 h.Urban, agriculture, and natural land-use distributions in Yunnan Province were combined with biomass factors for each land-use category to produce a spatially resolved biomass inventory. A biogenic emission inventory was developed by combining the biomass inventory with hourly emission rates for tree, shrub and ground cover species of the study area. Correcting for environmental factors, including light intensity and temperature, a value of 1.1 × 1012 gC for total annual biogenic VOC emissions from Yunnan Province, including 6.1 × 1011 gCfor isoprene, 2.1 × 1011 gC for monoterpenes, and 2.6 × 1011 gC for OVOC was obtained. The highest VOC emissions occurred in the northwestern, southwestern and north region of Yunnan Province. Some uncertainties were also discussed in this study.

  13. [Epidemiology of caprine and ovine brucellosis in Formosa province, Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Ana M; Mancebo, Orlando A; Monzón, Carlos M; Gait, Juan J; Casco, Rubén D; Torioni de Echaide, Susana M

    2016-01-01

    An epidemiological study of brucellosis was carried out in 516 goats and mixed flocks (goat/sheep) from the three agro-ecological regions of Formosa province, Argentina. Serum samples from a total of 25401 goats and 2453 sheeps were analyzed using buffered plate agglutination test (BPAT) and complement fixation test (CFT). Bacteriological and PCR analyses on milk samples from goats in three flocks with a history of brucellosis and recent abortions were also performed. Brucellosis was detected in four of the nine departments of the province with an overall prevalence of 2% and an intra-flock prevalence ranging between 1% and 40%. The proportion of infected flocks was 3.6%, 12% and 36% for the eastern, central and western regions, respectively. Brucella melitensis bv. 1 was isolated efrom goats for the first time in the province. The expected fragments of 827bp from the omp2ab gene (Brucella spp.) and 731bp from the insert IS711 (B. melitensis) were amplified by PCR. Detection of antibodies by BPAT and FCT in sheep cohabiting with goats suggests that infections could have been caused by B. melitensis, posing an additional risk to public health. Control and eradication programs for brucellosis should consider mixed flocks as a single epidemiological unit. The results indicate that brucellosis by B. melitensis bv1 is highly endemic in the central and western regions of Formosa province.

  14. Economic and nutritional conditions at settlement schemes in Coast Province

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoorweg, J.

    1991-01-01

    This report is concerned with land distribution and rural development and presents the final results of a survey carried out in 1985-1986 in four settlement schemes: Diani and Ukunda in Kwale District and Roka and Mtwapa in Kilifi District, Coast Province, Kenya. In each scheme 100 households were v

  15. Nutritional aspects of rice cultivation in Nyanza province, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Niemeijer, R.

    1985-01-01

    Leiden [etc.] : African Studies Centre [etc.] (FNSP Report, no. 14), p. 156, 1985.Based on a survey conducted in 1984, the authors discuss the nutritional conditions prevailing among farming households engaged in irrigated rice cultivation in the Kano plain, Nyanza Province, Kenya. The survey covere

  16. Peste des petits ruminants virus in Heilongjiang province, China, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jingfei; Wang, Miao; Wang, Shida; Liu, Zaisi; Shen, Nan; Si, Wei; Sun, Gang; Drewe, Julian A; Cai, Xuehui

    2015-04-01

    During March 25-May 5, 2014, we investigated 11 outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in Heilongjiang Province, China. We found that the most likely source of the outbreaks was animals from livestock markets in Shandong. Peste des petits ruminants viruses belonging to lineages II and IV were detected in sick animals.

  17. [Preliminary investigation on Paragonimus in Lvchun county of Yunnan province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Bin-Bin; Zhou, Ben-Jiang; Li, Ru-Qing; Bai, Zhong-Wen; Wu, Ou-Bao; Gao, Xiu-Fang

    2007-12-01

    69 crabs were collected from Daxing, Gekui and Niukong townships of Lvchun county, Yunnan Province in 2006 and excysted metacercariae were only obtained from crabs of Niukong. The infection rate was 27.6% (8/29) with an average metacercaria number of 2.25 each crab. No encysted metacercariae were found. The excysted metacercariae were morphologically identified as Paragonimus proliferus.

  18. Identification of mantle plumes in the Emeishan Large Igneous Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-Gang Xu; Jifeng Xu; Yue-Jun Wang; Bin He; Xiaolong Huang; Zhenyu Luo; Sun-Lin Chung; Long Xiao; Dan Zhu; Hui Shao; Wei-Ming Fan

    2007-01-01

    @@ The plume hypothesis has been recently challengedlargely because some fundamental aspects predicted bythe modeling of plumes are found to be lacking in someclassic hotspot regions. This review paper summarizesrecent achievements made in the late Permian Emeishan continental flood basalt province in southwest China.

  19. Artifacts Attest to the Glorious Ancient Culture of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JANE; SHAW

    1995-01-01

    HUNAN is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and to the south of Dongting Lake. In Chinese, hu means lake and nan, south. The Xiangjiang River valley, which flows through the province from south to north, is the most developed region in the areas of politics, the economy and culture. Thus, Hunan is also called Xiang for short.

  20. Textile & Garment Export Situation from five Provinces in Nov

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Guangdong:The Decline Trend of Export Growth Rate Slowered In the first 11 months of 2008,the export of textile and garment in Guangdong province reached 30.8 billion USD,down 19.7%on the same periond of previous

  1. Large-Scale Survey for Tickborne Bacteria, Khammouan Province, Laos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vongphayloth, Khamsing; Vongsouvath, Malavanh; Grandadam, Marc; Brey, Paul T.; Newton, Paul N.; Sutherland, Ian W.; Dittrich, Sabine

    2016-01-01

    We screened 768 tick pools containing 6,962 ticks from Khammouan Province, Laos, by using quantitative real-time PCR and identified Rickettsia spp., Ehrlichia spp., and Borrelia spp. Sequencing of Rickettsia spp.–positive and Borrelia spp.–positive pools provided evidence for distinct genotypes. Our results identified bacteria with human disease potential in ticks in Laos. PMID:27532491

  2. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota of soils of the Lubuskie province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sławomir Kowalczyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the year 2003, the occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF of the phylum Glomeromycota in cultivated and uncultivated soils of the Lubuskie province was investigated. The occurrence of AMF was examined based on 56 root and rhizosphere soils collected under 7 species of cultivated and uncultivated plants growing in 28 localities. Spores of AMF were isolated from both field-collected samples and trap cultures. They were revealed in 100% of field soils and 93.8% of trap cultures and represented 7 of the 8 recognized genera of the Glomeromycota. The arbuscular fungi occurring distinctly more frequently in the soil and root samples examined were members of the genus Glomus. The species of AMF most frequently occurring in cultivated soils of the Lubuskie province were G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola and G. mosseae, whereas G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola, G. mosseae, and S. dipurpurescens were more frequently found in uncultivated sites. The analysis of similarity of the species composition of AMF populations in sites of the Lubuskie province and the Western Pomeranian province earlier examined showed that (1 the occurrence in Poland of most taxa of these fungi detected in the study presented here is even and does not change with time, (2 the communities of AMF area are stable, despite the arduousness resulting from the agricultural and chemical practices conducted, and (3 the species diversity of the plants cultivated in a long period of time has no influence on the species composition of populations of AMF.

  3. Child Maltreatment among School Children in the Kurdistan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Rob; Sheikhattari, Payam; Assasi, Nazilla; Eftekhar, Hassan; Zamani, Qasem; Maleki, Bahram; Kiabayan, Hamid

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the determinants of three types of child maltreatment: physical maltreatment, mental maltreatment, and child neglect among school children in the Kurdistan Province of Iran. The analysis examines the impact of socioeconomic, familial, demographic, and household dynamic factors on the three child maltreatment…

  4. Malaria Epidemiology in Mersin Province, Turkey from 2002 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M F AYDIN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium spp. with high morbidity and mortality in human in tropical and subtropical regions. In recent years, number of malaria cases has been significantly reduced because of fight with the disease in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the malaria epidemiology in Mersin Province from 2002 to 2011 using data from the provincial Public Health Directorate.Methods: Over ten years, 303573 blood samples were taken from the people by active and passive surveillance methods and blood smears were prepared. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under the microscope.Results: Totally, 73 people including 44 male and 29 female were positive in terms of Plasmodium spp. It was determined that P. vivax observed in 67 cases while P. falciparum in 6 cases. Cases were mainly observed in 15 to 44 years old range, showed an increase between June-September periods and a significant decrease after 2006. Out of the 73 malaria cases, 54 cases were from Mersin Province and 13 cases were imported from another province of Turkey. Six cases were transmitted from abroad.Conclusion: These results provide information about malaria epidemiology in an endemic area in Turkey and contribute its prevention in Mersin Province

  5. Characterizing preventive activity in Camagüey province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández, María

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the characteristic features of preventive activities within the System of Education at Camaguey province. This information herein gathers results from a research investigation project and might be of interest for teachers, principals and investigators as a professional tool.

  6. Remediation of Legacy Arsenic Mining Areas in Yunnan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian H. von Lindern

    2011-01-01

    Conclusions. The success of the demonstration project was recognized and has provided direction and momentum for a wider effort by the Province to address mining pollution and water contamination challenges. It demonstrates the success of using known techniques for environmental remediation in the US, with local partners in China responding to their communities’ health and environmental problems.

  7. Reservoir quality of intrabasalt volcaniclastic units onshore Faroe Islands, North Atlantic Igneous Province, northeast Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ólavsdóttir, Jana; Andersen, Morten Sparre; Boldreel, Lars Ole

    2015-01-01

    close to a fault. These samples are correlated and compared with the wireline logs from Glyvursnes-1. Based on this comparison, it is found that the porosity of the Argir Beds is best estimated from wireline logs using V P  (P-wave seismic velocity), VS (S-wave seismic velocity), or resistivity logs....... Onshore samples are used as Faroese offshore volcaniclastic intervals are represented by a few confidential samples where the stratigraphic level is uncertain. The onshore samples have been taken from 29 geotechnical (made related to tunnel building, etc.) and 2 scientific (made related to research of the geology...

  8. Teaching Practice and the Quality Dilemma: Lessons from Experiences of Student Teachers in Masvingo Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashava, Rumbidzai; Chingombe, Agrippa

    2013-01-01

    Teaching Practice is presumed to be key to professionalization of teachers, although very little research has been done on its effectiveness. This article seeks to show the views of stakeholders on the effectiveness of Teaching Practice in Zimbabwean primary schools. A case study which is largely qualitative was found appropriate. A sample of 84…

  9. An Epidemiological Study of Psychiatric Disorders in Hamadan Province , 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Mohammadi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The burden of psychiatric disorders in the developed countries has been identified by the screening questionnaires and standard clinical interviews at a high level, but the epidemiological studies of psychiatric disorders in our country are brief and their numbers are few. Planning for providing essential mental health services to the people requires us to be knowledgeable about the present status of psychiatric disorders in the society. The objective of this research was to carry out the epidemiological study of the psychiatric disorders in the individuals 18 years and above in urban and rural areas of Hamadan province. 664 individuals selected through randomized clustered and sys