Sample records for antioxidant-conjugated difluorodiarylidenyl piperidones

  1. Supramolecular synthesis based on piperidone derivatives and pharmaceutically acceptable co-formers. (United States)

    Sandhu, Bhupinder; Draguta, Sergiu; Kinnibrugh, Tiffany L; Khrustalev, Victor N; Timofeeva, Tatiana V


    The target complexes, bis{(E,E)-3,5-bis[4-(diethylamino)benzylidene]-4-oxopiperidinium} butanedioate, 2C27H36N3O(+)·C4H4O4(2-), (II), and bis{(E,E)-3,5-bis[4-(diethylamino)benzylidene]-4-oxopiperidinium} decanedioate, 2C27H36N3O(+)·C10H16O4(2-), (III), were obtained by solvent-mediated crystallization of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) (E,E)-3,5-bis[4-(diethylamino)benzylidene]-4-piperidone and pharmaceutically acceptable dicarboxylic (succinic and sebacic) acids from ethanol solution. They have been characterized by melting point, IR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. For the sake of comparison, the structure of the starting API, (E,E)-3,5-bis[4-(diethylamino)benzylidene]-4-piperidone methanol monosolvate, C27H35N3O·CH4O, (I), has also been studied. Compounds (II) and (III) represent salts containing H-shaped centrosymmetric hydrogen-bonded synthons, which are built from two parallel piperidinium cations and a bridging dicarboxylate dianion. In both (II) and (III), the dicarboxylate dianion resides on an inversion centre. The two cations and dianion within the H-shaped synthon are linked by two strong intermolecular N(+)-H···(-)OOC hydrogen bonds. The crystal structure of (II) includes two crystallographically independent formula units, A and B. The cation geometries of units A and B are different. The main N-C6H4-C=C-C(=O)-C=C-C6H4-N backbone of cation A has a C-shaped conformation, while that of cation B adopts an S-shaped conformation. The same main backbone of the cation in (III) is practically planar. In the crystal structures of both (II) and (III), intermolecular N(+)-H···O=C hydrogen bonds between different H-shaped synthons further consolidate the crystal packing, forming columns in the [100] and [101] directions, respectively. Salts (II) and (III) possess increased aqueous solubility compared with the original API and thus enhance the bioavailability of the API. PMID:23579720

  2. Comparative QSAR Analysis of 3,5-bis (Arylidene)-4-Piperidone Derivatives: the Development of Predictive Cytotoxicity Models. (United States)

    Edraki, Najmeh; Das, Umashankar; Hemateenejad, Bahram; Dimmock, Jonathan R; Miri, Ramin


    1-[4-(2-Alkylaminoethoxy) phenylcarbonyl]-3,5-bis(arylidene)-4-piperidones are a novel class of potent cytotoxic agents. These compounds demonstrate low micromolar to submicromolar IC50 values against human Molt 4/C8 and CEM T-lymphocytes and murine leukemia L1210 cells. In this study, a comparative QSAR investigation was performed on a series of 3,5-bis (arylidene)-4-piperidones using different chemometric tools to develop the best predictive models for further development of analogs with improved cytotoxicity. All the QSAR models were validated by internal validation tests. The QSAR models obtained by GA-PLS method were considered the best as compared to MLR method. The best QSAR model obtained by GA-PLS analysis on L1210, CEM and Molt4/C8 demonstrated good predictively with R(2) pred values ranging from 0.94-0.80. Molecular density, topological (X2A) and geometrical indices of the molecules were found to be the most important factors for determining cytotoxic properties. PMID:27642313

  3. 1-[3-(2-Hydroxyethylsulfanyl)propanoyl]-3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-piperidones: A novel cluster of P-glycoprotein dependent multidrug resistance modulators. (United States)

    Das, Umashankar; Pati, Hari N; Baráth, Zoltan; Csonka, Ákos; Molnár, Joseph; Dimmock, Jonathan R


    A series of 1-[3-(2-hydroxyethylsulfanyl)propanoyl]-3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-piperidones 4a-e display promising P-glycoprotein dependent multidrug resistance (MDR) revertant properties and are significantly more potent than a reference drug verapamil when evaluated against L-5178Y MDR lymphoma cells. These dienones may be referred to as dual agents having both MDR revertant properties and tumour-selective cytotoxicity. In particular, 3,5-bis(4-chlorobenzylidene)-1-[3-(2-hydroxyethylsulfanyl]propanoyl-4-piperidone 4d emerged as a lead molecule for further development based on its MDR revertant properties, cytotoxic potencies and tumour-selective toxicity. The structure-activity relationships reveal important structural requirements for further designing of potent MDR revertants.

  4. Radiation-induced binding of 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1,4-piperidone-N-oxyl to thymidine in oxygen-free aqueous solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Steady-state γ-radiolysis of deaerated aqueous solutions of thymidine has been carried out in the presence of 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1,4-piperidone-N-oxyl (TAN), a well known radiosensitizing agent. The eight main radiation-induced TAN addition products to thymidine have been isolated and characterized by sup(1)H and sup(13)C nmr, cd, and fast-atom bombardment mass spectrometry measurements

  5. Conformational preferences for some 3-(4‧-substituted phenylsulfonyl)-1-methyl-2-piperidones through spectroscopic and theoretical studies (United States)

    Olivato, Paulo R.; Santos, Jean M. M.; Cerqueira, Carlos R.; Vinhato, Elisângela; Zukerman-Schpector, Julio; Ng, Seik Weng; Tiekink, Edward R. T.; Colle, Maurizio Dal


    The analysis of the infrared (IR) carbonyl band of some 3-(4'-substituted phenylsulfonyl)-1-methyl-2-piperidones 1-5 bearing as substituents: OMe 1, Me 2, H 3, Cl 4 and NO25, supported by B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) calculations along with NBO analysis (for 1, 3 and 5) and X-ray diffraction (for 5), indicated the existence of three stable conformations i.e. quasi-axial (q-ax), syn-clinal (s-cl) and quasi-equatorial (q-eq). In the gas phase, the q-ax conformer is calculated as the most stable (ca. 88%) and the least polar, the s-cl conformer is less stable (ca. 12%) but more polar, and the q-eq conformer is the least stable (ca. 1%) and the most polar of the three conformers evaluated. The sum of the most important orbital interactions from NBO analysis and the trend of the electrostatic interactions accounts for the relative populations as well as for the νCO frequencies of the q-ax, s-cl and q-eq conformers calculated in the gas phase. The unique IR νCO band in CCl4 may be ascribed to the most stable q-ax conformer. The more intense (60%) high frequency doublet component in CHCl3 may be assigned to the summing up of the least stable q-eq and the less stable s-cl conformers, as their frequencies are almost coincident. The occurrence of only a single νCO band in both CH2Cl2 and CH3CN supports the fact that the νCO band of the two more polar conformers appear as a single band. Additional support to this rationalization is given by the single point PCM method, which showed a progressive increase of the q-eq + s-cl/q-ax population ratio going from the gas phase to CCl4, to CHCl3, to CH2Cl2 and to CH3CN. X-ray single crystal analysis of 5 indicates that this compound displays a quasi-axial geometry with respect to the [Odbnd Csbnd CHsbnd S] moiety, and that the 2-piperidone ring assumes a slightly distorted half-chair conformation. In the crystal packing, molecules of 5 are arranged into supramolecular layers linked through Csbnd H⋯O interactions along with

  6. Investigation of the role of stereoelectronic effects in the conformation of piperidones by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar Garcias-Morales


    Full Text Available This paper reports the synthesis of a series of piperidones 1–8 by the Mannich reaction and analysis of their structures and conformations in solution by NMR and mass spectrometry. The six-membered rings in 2,4,6,8-tetraphenyl-3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-ones, compounds 1 and 2, adopt a chair–boat conformation, while those in 2,4-diphenyl-3-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-ones, compounds 3–8, adopt a chair–chair conformation because of stereoelectronic effects. These stereoelectronic effects were analyzed by the 1JC–H coupling constants, which were measured in the 13C satellites of the 1H NMR spectra obtained with the hetero-dqf pulse sequence. In the solid state, these stereoelectronic effects were investigated by measurement of X-ray diffraction data, the molecular geometry (torsional bond angles and bond distances, and inter- and intramolecular interactions, and by natural bond orbital analysis, which was performed using density functional theory at the ωB97XD/6311++G(d,p level. We found that one of the main factors influencing the conformational stability of 3–8 is the interaction between the lone-pair electrons of nitrogen and the antibonding sigma orbital of C(7–Heq (nN→σ*C–H(7eq, a type of hyperconjugative interaction.

  7. 2-[3,5-Bis-(2-fluorobenzylidene-4-piperidon-1-yl]-N-(4-fluorobenzyl-acetamide and Its Evaluation as an Anticancer Agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pallavi Lagisetty


    Full Text Available Synthesis of 2-[3,5-bis-(2-fluorobenzylidene-4-piperidon-1-yl]-N-(4-fluorobenzyl-acetamide, a derivative of 3,5-bis-(2-fluorobenzylidene-4-piperidone (EF24, as an antiproliferative and imageable compound is described. The radioactive derivative was synthesized in 40–45% radiochemical yield using N-[4-fluoro(18Fbenzyl]-2-bromoacetamide (NFLOBA as a radiolabeled synthon for coupling with EF24. Cell proliferation assays showed that 2-[3,5-bis-(2-fluorobenzylidene-4-piperidon-1-yl]-N-(4-fluorobenzyl-acetamide (NFLOBA-EF24 had antiproliferative efficacy similar to that of EF24 in lung adenocarcinoma H441 cells. 18F-NFLOBA-EF24 was investigated in normal rats for whole-body PET imaging and biodistribution. At necropsy after 1 h of injection, about 12% of injected compound was still circulating in blood; liver, kidney, and muscle were other tissues with moderate amounts of accumulation. In order to assess the tumor-suppressive activity, nonradioactive NFLOBA-EF24 was administered in nude rats carrying xenograft H441 tumor. After 15 days of treatment, the tumor size decreased by approximately 83% compared to the tumors in control rats. The tumor regression was also confirmed by molecular imaging of glucose metabolism with 18F- fluorodeoxyglucose. The results suggest that EF24 could be efficiently modified with 18F-labeled synthon NFLOBA for convenient PET imaging without altering the antitumor efficacy of the original compound. This study provides visual kinetics of synthetic curcuminoid EF24 by positron emission tomography for the first time.

  8. Highly functionalized dispiro oxindole-pyrrolo[1,2-c]thiazole-piperidone hybrid: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical investigations on the regiochemistry (United States)

    Suresh Kumar, Raju; Almansour, Abdulrahman I.; Arumugam, Natarajan; Soliman, Saied M.; Ranjith Kumar, Raju; Ghabbour, Hazem A.


    The synthesis of highly functionalized dispiro oxindole-pyrrolo[1,2-c]thiazole-piperidone hybrid has been achieved regioselectively employing microwave-assisted three-component 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. Structural elucidation of the compound has been accomplished using NMR spectroscopy and further confirmed by single crystal X-ray crystallographic studies. The molecular structure of the compound crystallized in monoclinic, P21/c, a = 11.6182 (2) Å, b = 12.2466 (2) Å, c = 21.7061 (3) Å, β = 103.018 (1)°, V = 3009.04 (8) Å3, Z = 4. The cycloaddition was found to proceed by normal electronic demand (NED) character with a significant high charge transfer (0.1247 eV) from the 1,3-dipole to the dipolarophile. The regiochemistry has been explained using the local reactivity descriptors obtained from the DFT calculations. The DFT optimized molecular structure agreed well with the X-ray results.

  9. Spectroscopic and Theoretical Studies of Some 3-(4′-Substituted phenylsulfanyl-1-methyl-2-piperidones

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    Julio Zukerman-Schpector


    Full Text Available The analysis of the IR carbonyl bands of some 3-(4′-substituted phenylsulfanyl-1-methyl-2-piperidones 1–6 bearing substituents: NO2 (compound 1, Br (compound 2, Cl (compound 3, H (compound 4 Me (compound 5 and OMe (compound 6 supported by B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p and PCM calculations along with NBO analysis (for compound 4 and X-ray diffraction (for 2 indicated the existence of two stable conformations, i.e., axial (ax and equatorial (eq, the former corresponding to the most stable and the least polar one in the gas phase calculations. The sum of the energy contributions of the orbital interactions (NBO analysis and the electrostatic interactions correlate well with the populations and the νCO frequencies of the ax and eq conformers found in the gas phase. Unusually, in solution of the non-polar solvents n-C6H14 and CCl4, the more intense higher IR carbonyl frequency can be ascribed to the ax conformer, while the less intense lower IR doublet component to the eq one. The same νCO frequency trend also holds in polar solvents, that is νCO (eq< νCO (ax. However, a reversal of the ax/eq intensity ratio occurs going from non-polar to polar solvents, with the ax conformer component that progressively decreases with respect to the eq one in CHCl3 and CH2Cl2, and is no longer detectable in the most polar solvent CH3CN. The PCM method applied to compound 4 supports these findings. In fact, it predicts the progressive increase of the eq/ax population ratio as the relative permittivity of the solvent increases. Moreover, it indicates that the computed νCO frequencies of the ax and eq conformers do not change in the non–polar solvents n-C6H14 and CCl4, while the νCO frequencies of the eq conformer become progressively lower than that of the ax one going from CHCl3 to CH2Cl2 and to CH3CN, in agreement with the experimental IR values. The analysis of the geometries of the ax and eq conformers shows that the carbonyl oxygen atom of the eq conformer is free

  10. A conformational study of the adducts of 2'-deoxythymidine and 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1,4-piperidone-N-oxyl by sup(1)H and sup(13)C nuclear magnetic resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    γ-Irradiation of oxygen-free, aqueous solutions of 2'-deoxythymidine in the presence of the organic nitroxide free radical, 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1,4-piperidone-N-oxyl (TAN) leads to a complex mixture of products in which the TAN moiety is linked to the C5 or C6 position of a 5,6-saturated thymine ring. Extensive sup(1)H and sup(13)C nmr data are provided for the eight TAN-dT adducts which are produced in the largest amounts. The results show that the conformational properties of the sugar moiety are dependent on the point of attachment of the TAN group and the configuration of the standard thymine ring

  11. N-取代-3,5-二芳亚甲基-4-哌啶酮衍生物的合成与表征%Synthesis and characterization of N-substituted-3, 5-bis (arylidene)-4-piperidone derivatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙居锋; 李珂珂; 于晨; 代现平


    In order to research a kind of high potency, low tox-icity potential antitumour leading compounds,a few N-substi-tuted-3,5-bis(arylidene)-4-piperidones were synthesized taking N-substituted-4-piperidones and formaldehyde derivatives as starting materials with alcoholic NaOH or dry hydrogen chloride as catalyst by aldol condensation reaction inspected by TLC on the condition of 10 ℃ or 20 ℃ ,7 ~ 8 h,followed by recrystalization. The yield is over 49%. The structures were characterized by1 HNMR, X-ray crystallography with melting points. It was a convenient and efficient method in high yield. The compounds are used for antitumour evaluation in our next work.%为了研究一类高效低毒对耐药肿瘤有效的新型抗肿瘤先导化合物,以N-取代-4-哌啶酮和芳甲醛衍生物为原料,分别以氢氧化钠的乙醇溶液或干燥的氯化氢气体作催化剂,在10或20℃经过7~8h的羟醛缩合反应,TLC监测反应进程,最后经重结晶合成了3种标题化合物,收率达49%以上,并采用1HNMR、X-射线单晶衍射结合熔点对其结构进行了表征.该合成路线反应条件温和、操作简便,所得衍生物可用于下一步实验中抗肿瘤活性评价.

  12. Antioxidant-Conjugated Onto Gamma-Generated Chitosan Nanoparticle for Radiation Sterilized Medical Plastic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Department of Applied Radiation and Isotopes, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, mainly gives the course of study in the field of radiation and nuclear science and technology. The research actitivies relevant to the department are about nuclear instrument and analytical technique by nuclear methodology, radiation chemistry and processing technology, and radiation biology and agriculture. My work going on in the department is separated into two main responsibilities, i.e. (i) teaching courses and (ii) research activity. For (i), in the present time, there are 5 courses (i.e., radiation detection technique, radiation health protection, nuclear method of analysis, radioistope tracer techniques in biology and seminar) for bachelor degree and 4 courses (radiation chemistry and processing, radiation detection and dosimetry, nuclear facilities and utilization, research method in applied radiation and isotope) for master degree. In the case of (ii), my research interests head on the radiation chemistry and processing applicable to material and nanomaterial development for industrial applications, e.g. nanofilter and metal absorbent material; for medical applications, e.g. bio-additive for medical material, nanoparticle for drug delivery system, radiosensitizer for radiotherapy; for agricultural applications, e.g. pest controlled compound and plastic. The researches are also attended to biopolymer especially chitin-chiosan including functional polymer. The material for radiation dosimeter based on EPR is furthermore interesting to look for

  13. Effect of piperidones on hydrogen permeation and corrosion inhibition of mild steel in acidic solutions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Muralidharan; R Chandrasekar; S V K Iyer


    The influence of 3-methyl-2,6-diphenyl piperidin-4-one (MDPO) and 2-phenyl decahydroquinoline-4-one (PDQO) synthesised in the laboratory on hydrogen permeation and corrosion inhibition of mild steel in 1N H2SO4 has been studied using weight loss and various electrochemical AC and DC corrosion-monitoring techniques. Both the compounds inhibit the corrosion of mild steel in H2SO4 Potentiodynamic polarisation studies clearly reveal that they behave predominantly as cathodic inhibitors. The extent of decrease in hydrogen permeation current through steel surfaces has been studied by the hydrogen electropermeation technique. Double layer capacitance () and charge transfer resistance () values are derived from Nyquist plots obtained from AC impedance studies. The adsorption of these compounds on mild steel surfaces from H2SO4 obeys Temkin’s adsorption isotherm.

  14. A twist on facial selectivity of hydride reductions of cyclic ketones: twist-boat conformers in cyclohexanone, piperidone, and tropinone reactions. (United States)

    Neufeldt, Sharon R; Jiménez-Osés, Gonzalo; Comins, Daniel L; Houk, K N


    The role of twist-boat conformers of cyclohexanones in hydride reductions was explored. The hydride reductions of a cis-2,6-disubstituted N-acylpiperidone, an N-acyltropinone, and tert-butylcyclohexanone by lithium aluminum hydride and by a bulky borohydride reagent were investigated computationally and compared to experiment. Our results indicate that in certain cases, factors such as substrate conformation, nucleophile bulkiness, and remote steric features can affect stereoselectivity in ways that are difficult to predict by the general Felkin-Anh model. In particular, we have calculated that a twist-boat conformation is relevant to the reactivity and facial selectivity of hydride reduction of cis-2,6-disubstituted N-acylpiperidones with a small hydride reagent (LiAlH4) but not with a bulky hydride (lithium triisopropylborohydride).

  15. Observation of kinetic networks of hydrogen-bond exchange using 2D IR echo spectroscopy (United States)

    Kim, Yung Sam; Hochstrasser, Robin M.

    The ultrafast H-bond motion in acetonitrile/methanol and of methanol and water around a dicarbonyl (piperidone) dominates the mechanism of vibrational coherence transfer in linear and 2D IR echo spectra. Multiple state coherence transfer and energy transfer are seen at and between the two carbonyl groups of the piperidone in both water and methanol.

  16. Synthesis of 4-substituted tetrahydropyridines by cross-coupling of enol phosphates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, U.S.; Martiny, L.; Begtrup, M.


    Enol phosphates, synthesized from 4-piperidone, react by palladium catalyzed cross-coupling with arylboronic acids and by iron and palladium catalyzed cross-coupling with Grignard reagents to give 4-substituted tetrahydropyridines. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.......Enol phosphates, synthesized from 4-piperidone, react by palladium catalyzed cross-coupling with arylboronic acids and by iron and palladium catalyzed cross-coupling with Grignard reagents to give 4-substituted tetrahydropyridines. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved....

  17. 6-Membered ring intermediates in polymerization of N-carboxyanhydride-L-α-arginine in H2O

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    In polymerization of N-carboxyanhydride-L-α-arginine(L-Arg-NCA) in H2O,nucleophilic reaction of guanidine group with the carbonyl group of L-Arg-NCA leads to quick intramolecular rearrangement,yielding a 6-membered ring intermediate 1-amidino-3-amino-2-piperidone,which is either elongated by another L-Arg-NCA yielding arginyl-1-amidino-3-amino-2-piperidone or hydrolyzed to L-α-arginine.The oligoarginines are formed mainly through hydrolysis of arginyl-1-amidino-3-amino-2-piperidones.This is a unique pathway in polymerization of L-Arg-NCA with regard to the usual pathway of elongations by reaction of N-carboxyanhydride-L-α-amino acid with L-α-amino acid or oligopeptides.

  18. Combinatorial Chemistry of Piperidine Based Carbohydrate Mimics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrgesen, Elisabeth Vang; Nielsen, John; Willart, Marianne;


    Piperidine carboxylic acids and 4-hydroxypiperidine-3-carboxylic acid, the latter obtained from bakers yeast reduction of the corresponding piperidone, were coupled in solid-phase synthesis to form simplified oligosaccharide analogues. A split-and-mix synthesis approach was used to create small...

  19. 3,5-Bis(2-hydroxybenzylidenepiperidin-4-one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yum Eryanti


    Full Text Available The title compound, 3,5-bis(2-hydroxybenzylidenepiperidin-4-one (3, was prepared via reaction of 2-hydroxybenzaldehyde (1 and 4-piperidone (2 under microwave irradiation in the presence of 10% NaOH solution. The compound was fully characterized from its UV, IR, NMR and MS data.

  20. A thermodynamic study of ketoreductase-catalyzed reactions 5. Reduction of substituted ketones in n-hexane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tewari, Yadu B. [Biochemical Science and Analytical Chemistry Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)], E-mail:; Vanderah, David J. [Biochemical Science and Analytical Chemistry Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)], E-mail:; Schantz, Michele M. [Biochemical Science and Analytical Chemistry Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)], E-mail:; Goldberg, Robert N. [Biochemical Science and Analytical Chemistry Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)], E-mail:; Rozzell, J. David [Codexis, Inc., 129 N. Hill Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91106 (United States)], E-mail:; Liebman, Joel F. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States)], E-mail:; Hui, Raymond Wai-Man; Nissenbaum, Yitzy; Parniani, Ahmad Reza [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States)


    The equilibrium constants K for the ketoreductase-catalyzed reduction reactions of 1-benzyl-3-pyrrolidinone, ethyl 2-oxo-4-phenylbutyrate, ethyl 4-chloroacetoacetate, 1-benzyl-4-piperidone, and 1-benzyl-3-piperidone were measured in n-hexane at T = 298.15 K by using gas chromatography. The equilibrium constants for the reaction involving 1-benzyl-4-piperidone were also measured as a function of temperature (288.15 to 308.05) K. The calculated thermodynamic quantities for the reaction (1-benzyl-4-piperidone + 2-propanol = 1-benzyl-4-hydroxypiperidine + acetone) reaction carried out in n-hexane at T = 298.15 K are: K = (26.2 {+-} 1.7); {delta}{sub r}G{sub m}{sup 0}=-(8.10{+-}0.16)kJ.mol{sup -1}; {delta}{sub r}H{sub m}{sup 0}=-(3.44{+-}0.42)kJ.mol{sup -1}; and {delta}{sub r}S{sub m}{sup 0}=(15.6{+-}1.4)J.K{sup -1}.mol{sup -1}. The chirality of the hydroxyl products of the reactions has also been investigated. The results showed that the stereoselectivity of the hydroxyl products formed can be controlled by the selection of the solvent and enzyme used in these reactions. The thermochemical results for these reactions are compared with the results for reactions that have analogous structural features as well as with the results of quantum chemical calculations.

  1. A general A{sup 3}: coupling reaction based on functionalized alkynes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wendler, Edison P.; Santos, Alcindo A. dos, E-mail: [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IQ/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica


    A range of hydroxypropargylpiperidones were efficiently obtained by a one-pot three-component coupling reaction of aldehydes, alkynols, and a primary amine equivalent (4-piperidone hydrochloride hydrate) in ethyl acetate using copper(I) chloride as a catalyst. The developed protocol proved to be equally efficient using a range of aliphatic aldehydes, including paraformaldehyde, and using protected and unprotected alkynols. (author)

  2. Reaction of the nitroxyl radical TAN with glutathione

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Evidence for a stoichiometric reaction between 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidone-N-oxyl (TAN) and glutathione (GSH) in vitro has been provided by the results of e.s.r., spectrophotometric and enzymatic measurements. The addition of TAN to a suspension of isolated hepatocytes resulted in a rapid reduction in cellular GSH. Possible mechanisms are discussed. The results are in accordance with the rapid in vivo degradation of TAN. (U.K.)

  3. SYNTHESIS AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF NEW 3-METHYL-2- PHENYLSPIRO[PYRANO[2,3-f]CHROMONE-8,1'-CYCLOALKAN/8,4'-PIPERIDIN]-4,10-DIONES SYNTHESIS und antibakterielle Wirksamkeit von NEW 3-METHYL-2- PHENYLSPIRO [pyrano [2,3-f] chromon-8, 1'-CYCLOALKAN / 8,4 '-piperidin] -4,10 -DIONE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreenivas Peddolla and David Krupadanam. G. L


    Full Text Available 3-Methyl-2-phenylspiro[pyrano[2,3-f]chromone-8,1'-cycloalkan/8,4'-piperidin]-4,10-diones (8a-e were synthesized from 8-acetyl-7-hydroxy-3-methylflavone and cycloalkanones/N-substituted piperidones with pyrrolidine as catalyst. All the compounds were tested in vitro for their antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Three compounds 8c, 8d and 8e have displayed very good antibacterial activity.

  4. α,β-Unsaturated Carbonyl System of Chalcone-Based Derivatives is Responsible for Broad Inhibition of Proteasomal Activity and Preferential Killing of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)-Positive Cervical Cancer Cells


    Bazzaro, Martina; Anchoori, Ravi K.; Mudiam, Mohana Krishna R; Issaenko, Olga; Kumar, Srinivas; Karanam, Balasubramanyam; Lin, Zhenhua; Vogel, Rachel Isaksson; Gavioli, Riccardo; Destro, Federica; Ferretti, Valeria; Roden, Richard BS; Khan, Saeed R.


    Proteasome inhibitors have potential for the treatment of cervical cancer. We describe the synthesis and biological characterization of a new series of 1,3-diphenylpropen-1-one (chalcone)-based derivatives lacking the boronic acid moieties of the previously reported chalcone-based proteasome inhibitor 3,5-bis-(4-boronic acid-benzylidene)-1-methyl-piperidin- 4-one and bearing a variety of amino acid substitutions on the amino-group of the 4-piperidone. Our lead compound 2 (RA-1) inhibits prote...

  5. Synthesis of novel precursors of Pfitzinger reaction: A facile one-pot strategy to the synthesis of quinoline carboxylic acid derivatives of pyrazolo-carbazoles and azacarbazoles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ruchi Tyagi; Bhawani Singh; D Kishore


    Interaction of 5-indazolyldiazonium chloride 2 with 2-hydroxymethylidene cyclohexanone 5 and -benzyl-3-hydroxymethylidene-4-piperidone 6 under the conditions of Japp-Klingemann reaction, followed by Fischer-indolization of the resulting hydrazones, formed the 5,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrazolo[4,3-b]carbazol- 6(1)-one 9 and 9-benzyl-5,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[2',3':4,5]pyrrolo[2,3-f]indazol-6(1)-one 10, respectively. Pfitzinger reaction of 9 and 10 with isatin in alkali afforded the corresponding quinoline carboxylic acid derivatives 12 and 13, respectively.

  6. Synthesis, structure, antitumor activity of novel pharmaceutical co-crystals based on bispyridyl-substituted α, β-unsaturated ketones with gallic acid (United States)

    Liu, Lian-Dong; Liu, Shu-Lian; Liu, Zhi-Xian; Hou, Gui-Ge


    Three novel pharmaceutical co-crystals, (A)·(gallic acid) (1), (B)·(gallic acid) (2), and (C)·(gallic acid) (3) were generated based on 2,6-bis((pyridin-4-yl)methylene)cyclohexanone (A), N-methyl-3,5-bis((pyridin-3-yl)methylene)-4-piperidone (B), N-methyl-3,5-bis((pyridin-4-yl)methylene)-4-piperidone (C) with gallic acid, respectively. They are characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR spectroscopy, 1H NMR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Structural analysis reveals that two pharmaceutical ingredients link each other into H-bonding-driven 3D network in 1, 2, or 2D plane in 3. In addition, their antitumor activities against human neoplastic cell lines A549, SGC-7901, MCF-7, OVCA-433, HePG2 and cytotoxicity for HUVEC cell lines by CCK-8 method were evaluated primarily. Compared with gallic acid and free A, B and C, their antitumor activities have improved distinctly, while cytotoxicities have reduced markedly, especially for co-crystal 1. This is mainly because of the synergistic effect between pharmaceutical ingredients A, B, and C and gallic acid.

  7. Synthetic and Structural Studies of some Co (II, Ni (II and Cu (II Complexes with Nitrogen and Sulphur containing Schiff Base

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chitranjan Prasad Choudhry


    Full Text Available A Schiff base derived from 1-propyl 2-6-diphenyl piperidone thiosemicarbazone (PDPT and its Co(II, Ni(II and Cu(II transition metal complexes were synthesized. Structure of the ligand and its complexes were derived on the basis of various physicochemical techniques such as molar mass, elemental analyses, Infrared spectra, electronic spectra, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity. On the basis of these observations, it has been observed that the ligand PDPT, coordinate to the metal ion in a bidentate fashion through the nitrogen and sulphur atom of thiosemicarbazone moiety. The remaining co-ordination centres are satisfied by anions such as Cl-, Br-, and I-. Electronic spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal octahedral geometry for the Co(II and Ni(II ions where distorted octahedral geometry for Cu(II complexes. The complexes were found to be non-electrolytic in nature on the basis of low value of molar conductance.

  8. Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction as key step in the synthesis of novel σ receptor ligands with 2-benzopyran structure. (United States)

    Knappmann, Inga; Schepmann, Dirk; Wünsch, Bernhard


    The Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction of methyl 3-hydroxy-4-phenylbutanoate (8) was explored to obtain novel σ receptor ligands. 1-Acyl protected piperidone ketals 10 and 11 reacted with phenylethanol 8 to yield spirocyclic compounds. Aliphatic aldehyde acetals 19 provided 1,3-disubstituted 2-benzopyrans 20 with high cis-diastereoselectivity. The intramolecular Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction of 24 led to the tricyclic compound 25. The spirocyclic compounds 18 show high σ1 affinity (Ki 20-26nM) and σ1/σ2 selectivity (>9-fold), when a large substituent (n-octyl, benzyl, phenylpropyl) is attached to the piperidine N-atom. Opening of the piperidine ring to yield aminoethyl (22, 23) or aminomethyl derivatives (21) resulted in reduced σ1 affinity and σ1/σ2 selectivity. PMID:27396684

  9. The role of weak intermolecular C-H…F interactions in supramolecular assembly: Structural investigations on 3,5- dibenzylidene-piperidin-4-one and database analysis

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R S Rathore; N S Karthikeyan; Y Alekhya; K Sathiyanarayanan; P G Aravindan


    The fluorinated and non-fluorinated dibenzylidene-4-piperidones were synthesized and their structures examined using X-ray crystallography. Interestingly, the para-fluorosubstituted dibenzylidene compound, in contrast to other analogs, is characterized by C-H…F bonded one-dimensional packing motif. To evaluate the ability of hydrogen bond donors and acceptors for forming interactions, in general and competitive situation, we have defined statistical descriptors. Analysis of Cambridge Structural Database using these newly defined parameters reveals high propensity of C-H…F interactions in organic crystals. The present structural study suggests much larger role of fluorine driven intermolecular interactions that are even though weak, but possess significant ability to direct and alter the packing.

  10. 2-Hydroxy-16-[(E-4-methylbenzylidene]-13-(4-methylphenyl-12-phenyl-1,11-diazapentacyclo[,10.03,8.010,14]octadeca-3(8,4,6-triene-9,15-dione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raju Suresh Kumar


    Full Text Available In the title compound, C37H32N2O3, an intramolecular O—H...N hydrogen bond generates a five-membered ring, producing an S(5 motif. The piperidone ring adopts a half-chair conformation. The two fused pyrrolidine rings have similar envelope conformations. The interplanar angles between the benzene rings A/B and C/D are 75.68 (7 and 30.22 (6°, respectively. In the crystal structure, adjacent molecules are interconnected into chains propagating along the [010] direction via intermolecular C—H...O hydrogen bonds. Further stabilization is provided by weak C—H...π interactions.

  11. Synthesis, bioassay, and QSAR study of bronchodilatory active 4H-pyrano[3,2-c]pyridine-3-carbonitriles. (United States)

    Girgis, Adel S; Saleh, Dalia O; George, Riham F; Srour, Aladdin M; Pillai, Girinath G; Panda, Chandramukhi S; Katritzky, Alan R


    A statistically significant QSAR model describing the bioactivity of bronchodilatory active 4H-pyrano[3,2-c]pyridine-3-carbonitriles (N = 41, n = 8, R(2) = 0.824, R(2)cv = 0.724, F = 18.749, s(2) = 0.0018) was obtained employing CODESSA-Pro software. The bronchodilatory active 4H-pyrano[3,2-c]pyridine-3-carbonitriles 17-57 were synthesized through a facile approach via reaction of 1-alkyl-4-piperidones 1-4 with ylidenemalononitriles 5-16 in methanol in the presence of sodium. The bronchodilation properties of 17-57 were investigated in vitro using isolated guinea pig tracheal rings pre-contracted with histamine (standard method) and compared with theophylline (standard reference). Most of the compounds synthesized exhibit promising bronchodilation properties especially, compounds 25 and 28. PMID:25462283

  12. Experimental and ab initio studies of the novel piperidine-containing acetylene glycols

    CERN Document Server

    Mirsakiyeva, Amina; Elgammal, Karim; Ten, Assel; Hugosson, Håkan W; Delin, Anna; Yu, Valentina K


    Synthesis routes of novel piperidine-containing diacetylene are presented. The new molecules are expected to exhibit plant growth stimulation properties. In particular, the yield in a situation of drought is expected to increase. The synthesis makes use of the Favorskii reaction between cycloketones/piperidone and triple-bond containing glycols. The geometries of the obtained molecules were determined using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The electronic structure and geometries of the molecules were studied theoretically using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory. The calculated geometries agree very well with the experimentally measured ones, and also allow us to determine bond lengths, angles and charge distributions inside the molecules. The stability of the OH-radicals located close to the triple bond and the piperidine/cyclohexane rings was proven by both experimental and theoretical analyses. The HOMO/LUMO analysis was done in order to characterize the electron density of t...

  13. Singlet oxygen generation during the oxidation of L-tyrosine and L-dopa with mushroom tyrosinase. (United States)

    Miyaji, Akimitsu; Kohno, Masahiro; Inoue, Yoshihiro; Baba, Toshihide


    The generation of singlet oxygen during the oxidation of tyrosine and L-dopa using mushroom tyrosinase in a phosphate buffer (pH 7.4), the model of melanin synthesis in melanocytes, was examined. The reaction was performed in the presence of 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidone (4-oxo-TEMP), an acceptor of singlet oxygen and the electron spin resonance (ESR) of the spin adduct, 4-oxo-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (4-oxo-TEMPO), was measured. An increase in the ESR signal attributable to 4-oxo-TEMPO was observed during the oxidation of tyrosine and L-dopa with tyrosinase, indicating the generation of singlet oxygen. The results suggest that (1)O2 generation via tyrosinase-catalyzed melanin synthesis occurs in melanocyte. PMID:26898801

  14. Synthesis and analysis of the opioid analgesic [[sup 14]C]-fentanyl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bagley, J.R.; Wilhelm, J.A. (Anaquest Inc., Murray Hill, NJ (United States))


    The synthesis of [[sup 14]C]-fentanyl, the radiolabelled congener of the potent opioid analgesic chosen for utilization in drug disposition studies, is described. [[sup 14]C]-Labelling was achieved in the first of two steps, a room temperature reduction of the in situ generated Schiff base from 1-phenylethyl-4-piperidone and [UL-[sup 14]C]-aniline hydrochloride with sodium triacetoxyborohydride. A nearly instantaneous production of fentanyl was accomplished at room temperature with the addition of propionyl chloride. The overall radiochemical yield was 18%. The method described is efficiently adaptable for submicromolar scale while yielding a product of sufficient specific activity for in vivo studies. Our solvent system for thin layer chromatography was superior to the USP system reported for chromatographic analysis of fentanyl. This is the first reported preparation of [[sup 14]C]-fentanyl with the radiolabel in the aniline benzene ring. (author).

  15. The interpretation of the mass spectrum of an ornithine-containing lipid from Thiobacillus thiooxidans. (United States)

    Hilker, D R; Gross, M L; Knocke, H W; Shively, J M


    The electron impact mass spectrum of a previously identified ornithine-containing lipid from Thiobacillus thiooxidans has been interpreted using exact mass measurements, low and high energy ionization, and defocused metastable studies. The spectrum, which did not contain a molecular ion for the intact lipid, was consistent with cyclization of the ornithine zwitterionic moiety with elimination of water to give 3[3'-(11,12-methylene-2-hydroxyoctadecanoxy)hexadecanylamine]-2-piperidone. Production of this sufficiently volatile species for mass spectral analysis was accomplished by gentle pyrolysis in the mass spectrometer source. The spectrum can be understood to arise by three primary decompositions which serve to separate the two fatty acid constituents. The remainder of the spectrum is consistent with the expected fragmentations of these constituents.

  16. Synthesis of 5-oxyquinoline derivatives for reversal of multidrug resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torsten Dittrich


    Full Text Available The inhibition of ABC (ATP binding cassette transporters is considered a powerful tool to reverse multidrug resistance. Zosuquidar featuring a difluorocyclopropyl-annulated dibenzosuberyl moiety has been found to be an inhibitor of the P-glycoprotein, one of the best-studied multidrug efflux pumps. Twelve 5-oxyisoquinoline derivatives, which are analogues of zosuquidar wherein the dibenzosuberyl-piperazine moiety is replaced by either a diarylaminopiperidine or a piperidone-derived acetal or thioacetal group, have been synthesized as pure enantiomers. Their inhibitory power has been evaluated for the bacterial multidrug-resistance ABC transporter LmrCD and fungal Pdr5. Four of the newly synthesized compounds reduced the transport activity to a higher degree than zosuquidar, being up to fourfold more efficient than the lead compound in the case of LmrCD and about two times better for Pdr5.

  17. 2,4-Bis(2-ethoxyphenyl-7-methyl-3-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Parthiban


    Full Text Available The crystal structure of the title compound, C25H31NO3, exists in a twin-chair conformation with an equatorial orientation of the ortho-ethoxyphenyl groups. According to Cremer and Pople [Cremer & Pople (1975, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97, 1354–1358], both the piperidone and cyclohexanone rings are significantly puckered with total puckering amplitutdes QT of 0.5889 (18 and 0.554 (2 Å, respectively. The ortho-ethoxyphenyl groups are located on either side of the secondary amino group and make a dihedral angle of 12.41 (4° with respect to each other. The methyl group on the cyclohexanone part occupies an exocyclic equatorial disposition. The crystal packing is stabilized by weak van der Waals interactions.

  18. The synthesis and preliminary pharmacological evaluation of the racemic cis and trans 3-alkylfentanyl analogues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available A general, five step method for the synthesis of 3-alkylfentanyl analogues (i.e., cis and trans 3-alkyl-4-anilidopiperidines 6.1–6.6 has been developed. The starting N-phenethyl-4-piperidone 1 was first converted into the cyclohexylimine derivative 2, a-deprotonated with butyllithium and the resulting imine anion efficiently monoalkylated with primary and secondary alkyl halides. After mild acid hydrolysis, the obtained 3-alkyl-4-piperidones 3.1–3.6 were isolated in good yields (79–85 %, then condensed with aniline to form imines 4.1–4.6. Subsequent reduction of the imines (LiAlH4/THF yielded cis/trans mixtures of 3-alkyl-4-anilinopiperidines 5.1–5.6. Quantitative separation of the diastereoisomers by column chromatography of Al2O3 gave pure cis 5.1–5.6 (29–51 % yield and trans 5.1–5.6 (19–27 % yield, with the cis/trans ratio in the range 7/3–6/4. The synthesis was concluded by N-acylation of the purified 5.1–5.6, with propionyl chloride, to afford cis and trans 3-alkyl-4-anilidopiperidines 6.1–6.6 (~95 % yield, as monooxalate salts. No enatioseparation was attempted at any stage. The relative cis/trans stereochemistry was provisionally assigned from the 1H-NMR spectra. Of the twelve synthesized 3-alkylfentanyls, ten compounds (two known and eight novel derivatives, all as the monooxalate salts were preliminarily tested as analgesics in rats, comparing the potency to fentanyl. Except for the known (±-cis-3-Me fentanyl 6.1cis, (8 × fentanyl, and the novel (±-cis-3-Et fentanyl 6.2cis, (1.5 × fentanyl, all of the others were less active than fentanyl or inactive. Some tentative conclusions on the structure-activity relationship (SAR in this series of derivatives have been made.

  19. [Milk fat - the only existing for any reason]. (United States)

    Cichosz, Grażyna; Czeczot, Hanna


    The milk fat is characterized by an unique composition (over 400 different fatty acids) and stereospecific structure of triglycerides, similar to human milk fat. Almost entirely it is encircled by envelopes made of phosphorolipids and proteins, making the fat stabile oxidatively and resistant for hydrolysis. The envelope of fatty spherule ensures stability of emulsions, as well, as very high extent of dispersion, making milk fat the most easily digested fat in human diet. Phosphorolipids, proteins, peptides and numerous enzymes present inside the envelope are characterized by very high biological activity. All - without any exception - components of milk fat, also saturated fatty acids considered as atherogenic, are extremely biologically active. Lipophylic antioxidants (conjugated linoleic acid, α-tocopherol, vitamin A and β-carotene, coenzyme Q10, vitamin D3 and phospholipids) are efficient in inhibition of processes of lipids peroxidation within cell structures and of plasma lipoproteins. The unique components of milk fat i.e. conjugated linoleic acid and ether lipids (alkyloglyceroles and alkyloglycerophospholipids) possess the broadest spectrum of pro-health activity. PMID:25815621

  20. E.s.r. study of decay of the nitroxyl free radical TAN in whole rats and rat-tissue homogenates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The loss of the radical property of TAN (2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidone-N-oxyl) in the blood of anaesthetized rats has been studied by e.s.r.. Some physiological techniques, such as ligating the portal vein and the abdominal aorta, and also sympathetic blockade, were used to elucidate possible mechanisms of the TAN decay process. Similar decay curves were obtained with rats at normal (370C) and lowered (27 to 280C) body temperatures, indicating the involvement of processes other than enzymic in the in vivo decay of TAN. The fast decay could not be explained by reaction of TAN with other components of blood, since in vitro TAN in blood lost its radical property very slowly. Evidence was obtained for the conversion of TAN to TMPN in the kidney of rats anaesthetized with ether, but not with Nembutal. The greater half-value time recorded in rats with interrupted portal circulation may indicate that the liver is an essential factor in the degradation of TAN. A temperature-dependent TAN decay was observed with in vitro mixtures with homogenates of organs and the decay was faster with homogenates of kidney and liver than brain, lungs and heart, suggesting that enzymic processes do control the in vitro decomposition of TAN. Consideration is given to implications of these results for the potential applications of TAN as a radiosensitizer. (U.K.)

  1. Alkynyl-naphthalimide Fluorophores: Gold Coordination Chemistry and Cellular Imaging Applications. (United States)

    Langdon-Jones, Emily E; Lloyd, David; Hayes, Anthony J; Wainwright, Shane D; Mottram, Huw J; Coles, Simon J; Horton, Peter N; Pope, Simon J A


    A range of fluorescent alkynyl-naphthalimide fluorophores has been synthesized and their photophysical properties examined. The fluorescent ligands are based upon a 4-substituted 1,8-naphthalimide core and incorporate structural variations (at the 4-position) to tune the amphiphilic character: chloro (L1), 4-[2-(2-aminoethoxy)ethanol] (L2), 4-[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethylamino] (L3), piperidine (L4), morpholine (L5), 4-methylpiperidine (L6), and 4-piperidone ethylene ketal (L7) variants. The amino-substituted species (L2-L7) are fluorescent in the visible region at around 517-535 nm through a naphthalimide-localized intramolecular charge transfer (ICT), with appreciable Stokes' shifts of ca. 6500 cm(-1) and lifetimes up to 10.4 ns. Corresponding two-coordinate Au(I) complexes [Au(L)(PPh3)] were isolated, with X-ray structural studies revealing the expected coordination mode via the alkyne donor. The Au(I) complexes retain the visible fluorescence associated with the coordinated alkynyl-naphthalimide ligand. The ligands and complexes were investigated for their cytotoxicity across a range of cell lines (LOVO, MCF-7, A549, PC3, HEK) and their potential as cell imaging agents for HEK (human embryonic kidney) cells and Spironucleus vortens using confocal fluorescence microscopy. The images reveal that these fluorophores are highly compatible with fluorescence microscopy and show some clear intracellular localization patterns that are dependent upon the specific nature of the naphthalimide substituent.

  2. Optimization and multigram scalability of a catalytic enantioselective borylative migration for the synthesis of functionalized chiral piperidines. (United States)

    Kim, You-Ri; Hall, Dennis G


    The development of new, efficient and economical methods for the preparation of functionalized, optically enriched piperidines is important in the field of drug discovery where this class of heterocycles is often deemed a privileged structure. We have optimized a Pd-catalyzed enantioselective borylative migration of an alkenyl nonaflate derivative of the simple precursor, N-Boc-4-piperidone. This anomalous borylation reaction lends access to a chiral optically enriched piperidinyl allylic boronate that can be employed in carbonyl allylboration and stereoselective cross-coupling to produce substituted dehydropiperidines related to numerous pharmaceutical agents. A systematic fine-tuning of reaction conditions revealed that diethyl ether and the green solvent cyclopentyl methyl ether are suitable reaction solvents providing the highest enantioselectivity (up to 92% ee) under a low catalyst loading of 3 mol%. Optimization of the aldehyde allylboration step led to higher yields with further solvent economy. The multigram-scalability of the entire process was demonstrated under the reaction conditions that provide optimal atom-economy and efficiency. PMID:27143333

  3. N-(Substituted benzyl)-3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-piperidones: Synthesis and Preliminary Anti-leukemia Activity (I)%N-(Substituted benzyl)-3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-piperidones: Synthesis and Preliminary Anti-leukemia Activity (I)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 孟雯; 倪振杰; 薛思佳


    A series of novel N-(substituted benzyl)-3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-piperidones 5a--50 were synthesized with substituted benzylamines as raw materials via a series of Michael addition, Dieckmann condensation, hydrolysis decarboxylation and aldol condensation. The structures were confirmed by 1↑H NMR, IR, MS techniques and elemental analysis. Assay-based antiproliferative activity study using leukemic cell lines K562 revealed that most of the title compounds have high effectiveness in inhibiting leukemia K562 cells proliferation, among which the compounds 5g (IC50=7.81 μg·mL^-1), 5k (IC50=6.35μg·mL^-1), 51 (IC50=7.20 μg·mL^-1), and 50 (IC50=5.79 μg·mL^-1) have better inhibition activities than standard 5-fluorouracil (IC50=8.56 μg·mL^-1).

  4. Synthesis and NMDA receptor affinity of fluorinated dioxadrol analogues. (United States)

    Banerjee, Ashutosh; Schepmann, Dirk; Wünsch, Bernhard


    A series of dioxadrol analogues with fluorine substituents in position 4 of the piperidine ring has been synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated. The key step in the synthesis was the fluorination of diastereomeric piperidones 6a and 6c as well as diastereomeric alcohols 9a and 9c with DAST. The reaction of the alcohols 9a and 9c took place with inversion of configuration. After removal of the Cbz-protective group, the NMDA receptor affinities of the resulting secondary amines 8a, 8c, 12b, and 12d were investigated in receptor binding studies. It was shown that the like-configuration of the ring junction was crucial for high NMDA receptor affinity. An axially oriented fluorine atom in position 4 led to 2-(2,2-diphenyl-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)-4-fluoropiperidine (12d, WMS-2517) with a K(i)-value of 27nM. The NMDA receptor affinity of 8c (WMS-2513) with an additional fluorine atom in equatorial 4-position was slightly reduced (K(i)=81 nM). Both fluorinated dioxadrol derivatives 8c and 12d showed high selectivity against sigma(1) and sigma(2) receptors as well as the polyamine binding site of NR2B receptors.

  5. Synthesis, Characterization and Biocidal Activity of some Schiff base and its Metal Complexes of Co(II, Cu(II and Ni(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. K. Rai


    Full Text Available A series of metal complexes derivatives of 1-propyl-2-6-diphenyl piperidone semicarbazone(PDPS with metal ions Cu(II, Co(II and Ni(II have been synthesized. The ligand and metal complexes obtained are characterized quantitatively and qualitatively by using, molar mass, elemental analyses, Infrared spectra, electronic spectra, magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements. On the basis of above physiochemical analysis, it has been observed that the ligand PDPS coordinate to the metal ion in a bidentate manner through azomethine nitrogen and oxygen atom of semicarbozone moiety. The remaining coordination centers are satisfied by anions such as X = Cl-, Br- and I-. Electronic spectral and magnetic susceptibility measurement proposed the general composition of the complex is [M(PDPS2X2] where M = Cu(II, X = Cl- and Br-; M = Co(II and Ni(II, X = Cl-, Br- and I-. The complexes of Co(II and Ni(II were proposed octahedral geometries whereas distorted octahedral geometry reported for Cu(II complexes. The preliminary in vitro antibacterial Screening activity revealed that complexes showed better inhibition against tested bacterial strains and higher compared to parent ligand.

  6. Secondary structure of synthetic oligopeptides

    CERN Document Server

    Martinez-Insua, M


    The secondary structure of three hydrophobic peptides P2, PRMo and P4 was studied by a combination of Circular Dichroism (CD), Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) and Photoinduced Electron Transfer (PET). These peptides were fluorescence labelled in the central part of the backbone and contained two modified glutamic acid residues (relative positions i, i+4): one conjugated with the fluorescence methoxynapththalene electron donor (DON) and the other with the piperidone electron acceptor (ACC). The three peptides were synthesised to study the length dependence of the switch between alpha-helix and the 3 sub 1 sub 0 -helix conformations, previously observed for peptide PRM1 (Hungerford et al., Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl., 1996, 35, 326-329). The CD and FTIR data indicated that peptides P2, PRMo and P4 adopt alpha-helical conformation in organic media in the temperature range studied and no conformational switch was detected. Furthermore, a mathematical correlation was observed in the PET data, questioning the ag...

  7. Antitumor effect of sonodynamically activated pyrrolidine tris-acid fullerene (United States)

    Iwase, Yumiko; Nishi, Koji; Fujimori, Junya; Fukai, Toshio; Yumita, Nagahiko; Ikeda, Toshihiko; Chen, Fu-shin; Momose, Yasunori; Umemura, Shin-ichiro


    In this study, the sonodynamically induced antitumor effect of pyrrolidine tris-acid fullerene (PTF) was investigated. Sonodynamically induced antitumor effects of PTF by focused ultrasound were investigated using isolated sarcoma-180 cells and mice bearing ectopically-implanted colon 26 carcinoma. Cell damage induced by ultrasonic exposure was enhanced by 5-fold in the presence of 80 µM PTF. The combined treatment of ultrasound and PTF suppressed the growth of the implanted colon 26 carcinoma. Ultrasonically induced 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidone-1-oxyl (4oxoTEMPO) production in the presence and absence of PTF was assessed, and it was shown that 80 µM PTF enhanced 4oxoTEMPO production as measured by ESR spectroscopy. Histidine, a reactive oxygen scavenger, significantly reduced cell damage and 4oxoTEMPO generation caused by ultrasonic exposure in the presence of PTF. These results suggest that singlet oxygen is likely to be involved in the ultrasonically induced cell damage enhanced by PTF.

  8. 2,4-Bis(4-ethoxyphenyl-7-methyl-3-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ramkumar


    Full Text Available The molecule of the title compound, C25H31NO3, exists in a twin-chair conformation with an equatorial orientation of the 4-ethoxyphenyl groups, as observed for its ortho isomer [Parthiban, Ramkumar, Park & Jeong (2011b, Acta Cryst. E67, o1475–o1476]. The methyl and 4-ethoxyphenyl groups are also equatorially oriented on the bicycle, as in the ortho analogue. In particular, although the cyclohexanone ring deviates from an ideal chair, the piperidone ring is closer to an ideal chair, whereas in the ortho isomer both rings are significantly puckered and deviate from ideal chairs. The 4-ethoxyphenyl groups on both sides of the secondary amine group are oriented at an angle of 26.11 (3° with respect to each other, but the 2-ethoxyphenyl groups in the ortho isomer are oriented by less than half this [12.41 (4°]. In contrast to the absence of any significant interactions in the crystal packing of the ortho isomer, the title compound features N—H...O interactions, linking the molecules along the b axis.

  9. Biological evaluation of synthetic α,β-unsaturated carbonyl based cyclohexanone derivatives as neuroprotective novel inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase and amyloid-β aggregation. (United States)

    Zha, Gao-Feng; Zhang, Cheng-Pan; Qin, Hua-Li; Jantan, Ibrahim; Sher, Muhammad; Amjad, Muhammad Wahab; Hussain, Muhammad Ajaz; Hussain, Zahid; Bukhari, Syed Nasir Abbas


    A series of new α,β-unsaturated carbonyl-based cyclohexanone derivatives was synthesized by simple condensation method and all compounds were characterized by using various spectroscopic techniques. New compounds were evaluated for their effects on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE). These compounds were also screened for in vitro cytotoxicity and for inhibitory activity for self-induced Aβ1-42 aggregation. The effect of these compounds against amyloid β-induced cytotoxicity was also investigated. The findings of in vitro experiment revealed that most of these compounds exhibited potent inhibitory activity against AChE and self-induced Aβ1-42 aggregation. The compound 3o exhibited best AChE (IC50=0.037μM) inhibitory potential. Furthermore, compound 3o disassembled the Aβ fibrils produced by self-induced Aβ aggregation by 76.6%. Compounds containing N-methyl-4-piperidone linker, showed high acetylcholinesterase and self-induced Aβ aggregation inhibitory activities as compared to reference drug donepezil. The pre-treatment of cells with synthetic compounds protected them against Aβ-induced cell death by up to 92%. Collectively, these findings suggest that some compounds from this series have potential to be promising multifunctional agents for AD treatment and our study suggest the cyclohexanone derivatives as promising new inhibitors for AChE and BuChE, potentially useful to treat neurodegenerative diseases.

  10. Synthesis and antitumor activity in vitro of curcumin analogs%姜黄素类似物合成与体外抗肿瘤活性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋; 许建华; 黄秀旺; 刘锋; 吴梅花


    Nineteen curcumin analogs were designed and synthesized front aromatic aldehydes and 4-piperidone by claisen-schmidt condensation. Their structures were characterized by 1H-NMR and MS. Their antitumor activities in vitro were evaluated against K562 and SW1116 tumor cell lines by MTT assay. The results showed that compounds 1,2,3,4,5,9,14,18 had significantly better activity against K562 cells than EF-24(IC50 = l. 58 μmol·L-1). Compounds 7,10,11 were stronger than EF-24(IC50 = 11.7μmol ·L-1)on SW1116.%以芳香醛、4-哌啶酮为原料,Claisen-Schimidt缩合制备3,5-(E)-二亚苄基哌啶-4-酮类化合物.采用MTT法测试目标化合物对人类慢性粒细胞白血病急变细胞K562,人结肠癌细胞SW1 116增殖的抑制活性.化合物1-19的结构经核磁和质谱确证,化合物7、10、11对SW1 116的抑制活性比EF-24强,化合物1-5、9、14、18对K562的抑制活性均比EF-24强.

  11. NC2213: a novel methionine aminopeptidase 2 inhibitor in human colon cancer HT29 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pati Hari N


    Full Text Available Abstract Methionine aminopeptidase 2 (MetAP2 is a bifunctional protein that plays a critical role in the regulation of post-translational processing and protein synthesis. MetAP2 is overexpressed in human colon cancer. In this report we screened various MetAP2 inhibitors and treated HT29 cells with various concentrations of compounds. We evaluated the expression of MetAP2 and pp60c-src expressions in HT29 cells. In addition we also carried out the cell proliferation and cell cycle analysis in the MetAP2 inhibitor-treated HT29 cells. The cell cycle analysis of HT29 treated with 1.0 μM of NC2213 showed an arrest in the G2 phase followed by an induction in the percentage of cells undergoing apoptosis in the sub-G1 phase. Western blot analysis revealed that the MetAP2 expression was dose-dependently decreased when the HT29 cells were treated with the 3,5-bis(benzylidene-4-piperidone derivative (NC2213. In addition, phosphorylation of Src, a myristoylated oncoprotein was significantly decreased by 1.0 μM of NC2213 as revealed by Western blot analysis. Furthermore, NC2213 also inhibits the expression of pp60c-src in HT29 cells. Interestingly, this compound also inhibits the phosphorylation at Tyr416 of pp60c-src while increasing the phosphorylation at Tyr527 of pp60c-src. NC2213 inhibits the growth of HT29 cells by inducing apoptosis and might be useful for the treatment of human colon cancer.

  12. Photo-excitation of carotenoids causes cytotoxicity via singlet oxygen production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshii, Hiroshi, E-mail: [Research Center for Radiation Emergency Medicine, National Institute of Radiological Science, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Eiheiji, Fukui 910-1193 (Japan); Yoshii, Yukie, E-mail: [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Science, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Biomedical Imaging Research Center, University of Fukui, Eiheiji, Fukui 910-1193 (Japan); Asai, Tatsuya [Biomedical Imaging Research Center, University of Fukui, Eiheiji, Fukui 910-1193 (Japan); Faculty of Engineering, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan); Furukawa, Takako [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Science, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Biomedical Imaging Research Center, University of Fukui, Eiheiji, Fukui 910-1193 (Japan); Takaichi, Shinichi [Department of Biology, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 211-0063 (Japan); Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa [Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Science, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Biomedical Imaging Research Center, University of Fukui, Eiheiji, Fukui 910-1193 (Japan)


    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Some photo-excited carotenoids have photosensitizing ability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer They are able to produce ROS. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Photo-excited fucoxanthin can produce singlet oxygen through energy transfer. -- Abstract: Carotenoids, natural pigments widely distributed in algae and plants, have a conjugated double bond system. Their excitation energies are correlated with conjugation length. We hypothesized that carotenoids whose energy states are above the singlet excited state of oxygen (singlet oxygen) would possess photosensitizing properties. Here, we demonstrated that human skin melanoma (A375) cells are damaged through the photo-excitation of several carotenoids (neoxanthin, fucoxanthin and siphonaxanthin). In contrast, photo-excitation of carotenoids that possess energy states below that of singlet oxygen, such as {beta}-carotene, lutein, loroxanthin and violaxanthin, did not enhance cell death. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by photo-excited fucoxanthin or neoxanthin was confirmed using a reporter assay for ROS production with HeLa Hyper cells, which express a fluorescent indicator protein for intracellular ROS. Fucoxanthin and neoxanthin also showed high cellular penetration and retention. Electron spin resonance spectra using 2,2,6,6-tetramethil-4-piperidone as a singlet oxygen trapping agent demonstrated that singlet oxygen was produced via energy transfer from photo-excited fucoxanthin to oxygen molecules. These results suggest that carotenoids such as fucoxanthin, which are capable of singlet oxygen production through photo-excitation and show good penetration and retention in target cells, are useful as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy for skin disease.

  13. Synthesis and biological evaluation of spirocyclic antagonists of CCR2 (chemokine CC receptor subtype 2). (United States)

    Strunz, Ann Kathrin; Zweemer, Annelien J M; Weiss, Christina; Schepmann, Dirk; Junker, Anna; Heitman, Laura H; Koch, Michael; Wünsch, Bernhard


    Activation of chemokine CC receptors subtype 2 (CCR2) plays an important role in chronic inflammatory processes such as atherosclerosis, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. A diverse set of spirocyclic butanamides 4 (N-benzyl-4-(3,4-dihydrospiro[[2]benzopyran-1,4'-piperidin]-1'-yl)butanamides) was prepared by different combination of spirocyclic piperidines 8 (3,4-dihydrospiro[[2]benzopyran-1,4'-piperidines]) and γ-halobutanamides 11. A key step in the synthesis of spirocyclic piperidines 8 was an Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction of β-phenylethanols 5 with piperidone acetal 6. The substituted γ-hydroxybutanamides 11c-e were prepared by hydroxyethylation of methyl acetates 13 with ethylene sulfate giving the γ-lactones 14c and 14e. Aminolysis of the γ-lactones 14c and 14e with benzylamines provided the γ-hydroxybutanamides 15c-e, which were converted into the bromides 11c-e by an Appel reaction using polymer-bound PPh3. In radioligand binding assays the spirocyclic butanamides 4 did not displace the iodinated radioligand (125)I-CCL2 from the human CCR2. However, in the Ca(2+)-flux assay using human CCR2 strong antagonistic activity of butanamides 4 was detected. Analysis of the IC50-values led to clear relationships between the structure and the inhibition of the Ca(2+)-flux. 4g (4-(3,4-dihydrospiro[[2]benzopyran-1,4'-piperidin]-1'-yl)-N-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethylbenzyl)]-2-(4-fluorophenyl)butanamide) and 4o (N-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]-2-cyclopropyl-4-(3,4-dihydrospiro[[2]benzopyran-1,4'-piperidin]-1'-yl)butanamide) represent the most potent CCR2 antagonists with IC50-values of 89 and 17nM, respectively. Micromolar activities were found in the β-arrestin recruitment assay with murine CCR2, but the structure-activity-relationships detected in the Ca(2+)-flux assay were confirmed. PMID:25766632

  14. An EPR line shape study of anisotropic rotational reorientation and slow tumbling in liquid and frozen jojoba oil (United States)

    Hwang, J. S.; Al-Rashid, W. A.

    Spin probe investigation of jojoba oil was carried out by electron paramagnetic rresonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The spin probe used was 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidone- N-oxide. The EPR line shape studies were carried out in the lower temperature range of 192 to 275 K to test the applicability of the stochastic Liouville theory in the simulation of EPR line shapes where earlier relaxation theories do not apply. In an earlier study, this system was analysed by employing rotational diffusion at the fast-motional region. The results show that PD-Tempone exhibits asymmetric rotational diffusion with N = 3.3 at an axis z'= Y in the plane of the molecule and perpendicular to the NO bond direction. In this investigation we have extended the temperature range to lower temperatures and observed slow tumbling EPR spectra. It is shown that the stochastic Liouville method can be used to simulate all but two of the experimentally observed EPR spectra in the slow-motional region and details of the slow-motional line shape are sensitive to the anisotropy of rotation and showed good agreement for a moderate jump model. From the computer simulation of EPR line shapes it is found that the information obtained on τ R, and N in the motional-narrowing region can be extrapolated into the slow-tumbling region. It is also found that ln (τ R) is linear in 1/ T in the temperature range studied and the resulting activation energy for rotation is 51 kJ/mol. The two EPR spectra at 240 and 231 K were found to exhibit the effects of anisotropic viscosity observed by B IRELL for nitroxides oriented in tubular cavities in inclusion crystals in which the molecule is free to rotate about the long axis but with its rotation hindered about the other two axes because of the cavity geometry. These results proved that the slow-tumbling spectra were very sensitive to the effects of anisotropy in the viscosity.

  15. Differentiation of Boc-protected alpha,delta-/delta,alpha- and beta,delta-/delta,beta-hybrid peptide positional isomers by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. (United States)

    Raju, G; Ramesh, V; Srinivas, R; Sharma, G V M; Shoban Babu, B


    Two new series of Boc-N-alpha,delta-/delta,alpha- and beta,delta-/delta,beta-hybrid peptides containing repeats of L-Ala-delta(5)-Caa/delta(5)-Caa-L-Ala and beta(3)-Caa-delta(5)-Caa/delta(5)-Caa-beta(3)-Caa (L-Ala = L-alanine, Caa = C-linked carbo amino acid derived from D-xylose) have been differentiated by both positive and negative ion electrospray ionization (ESI) ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). MS(n) spectra of protonated isomeric peptides produce characteristic fragmentation involving the peptide backbone, the Boc-group, and the side chain. The dipeptide positional isomers are differentiated by the collision-induced dissociation (CID) of the protonated peptides. The loss of 2-methylprop-1-ene is more pronounced for Boc-NH-L-Ala-delta-Caa-OCH(3) (1), whereas it is totally absent for its positional isomer Boc-NH-delta-Caa-L-Ala-OCH(3) (7), instead it shows significant loss of t-butanol. On the other hand, second isomeric pair shows significant loss of t-butanol and loss of acetone for Boc-NH-delta-Caa-beta-Caa-OCH(3) (18), whereas these are insignificant for its positional isomer Boc-NH-beta-Caa-delta-Caa-OCH(3) (13). The tetra- and hexapeptide positional isomers also show significant differences in MS(2) and MS(3) CID spectra. It is observed that 'b' ions are abundant when oxazolone structures are formed through five-membered cyclic transition state and cyclization process for larger 'b' ions led to its insignificant abundance. However, b(1)(+) ion is formed in case of delta,alpha-dipeptide that may have a six-membered substituted piperidone ion structure. Furthermore, ESI negative ion MS/MS has also been found to be useful for differentiating these isomeric peptide acids. Thus, the results of MS/MS of pairs of di-, tetra-, and hexapeptide positional isomers provide peptide sequencing information and distinguish the positional isomers.

  16. Involvement of both Type I and Type II mechanisms in Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria photosensitization by a meso-substituted cationic porphyrin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ergaieg, Karim; Seux, Rene [Laboratoire d' Etude et de Recherche en Environnement et Sante, National School of Public Health, Av. Pr. Leon Bernard, CS 74312, Rennes 35043 (France); Chevanne, Martine; Cillard, Josiane [Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire et Vegetale, UPRES 3891, UFR des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, University of Rennes 1, 2 Av. Pr. Leon Bernard, CS 34317, Rennes 35043 (France)


    A meso-substituted cationic porphyrin (TMPyP) showed a photocytotoxicity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. In order to determine the mechanism involved in the phototoxicity of this photosensitizer, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments with 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidone (TEMP), a specific probe for singlet oxygen, and the spin-trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO) were carried out with illuminated TMPyP. An EPR signal characteristic of TEMP-singlet oxygen (TEMPO) adduct formation was observed, which could be ascribed to singlet oxygen ({sup 1}O{sub 2}) generated by TMPyP photosensitization. The signal for the DMPO spin adduct of superoxide anion (DMPO-OOH) was observed in DMSO solution but not in aqueous conditions. However, an EPR spectrum characteristic of the DMPO-hydroxyl radical spin adduct (DMPO-OH) was observed in aqueous conditions. The obtained results testify a primary hydroxyl radical ({sup .}OH) generation probably from superoxide anion (O{sub 2} {sup x} {sup -})via the Fenton reaction and/or via Haber-Weiss reaction. Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria inactivation by TMPyP photosensitization predominantly involved Type II reactions mediated by the formation of {sup 1}O{sub 2}, as demonstrated by the effect of quenchers for {sup 1}O{sub 2} and scavengers for {sup .}OH (sodium azide, thiourea, and dimethylsulphoxide). Participation of other active oxygen species cannot however be neglected since Type I reactions also had a significant effect, particularly for Gram-negative bacteria. For Gram-negative bacteria the photoinactivation rate was lower in the presence of superoxide dismutase, a specific O{sub 2} {sup x} {sup -} scavenger, and/or catalase, an enzyme which specifically eliminates H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, but was unchanged for Gram-positive bacteria. The generation of {sup 1}O{sub 2}, O{sub 2} {sup x} {sup -} and {sup .}OH by TMPyP photosensitization indicated that TMPyP maintained a photodynamic activity in

  17. Liposome-encapsulated EF24-HP{beta}CD inclusion complex: a preformulation study and biodistribution in a rat model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agashe, H.; Lagisetty, P.; Sahoo, K.; Bourne, D. [University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences (United States); Grady, B. [School of Chemical, Biological and Materials Engineering (United States); Awasthi, V., E-mail: [University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences (United States)


    3,5-Bis(2-fluorobenzylidene)-4-piperidone (EF24) is an anti-proliferative diphenyldifluoroketone analog of curcumin with more potent activity. The authors describe a liposome preparation of EF24 using a 'drug-in-CD-in liposome' approach. An aqueous solution of EF24 and hydroxypropyl-{beta}-cyclodextrin (HP{beta}CD) inclusion complex (IC) was used to prepare EF24 liposomes. The liposome size was reduced by a combination of multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Co-encapsulation of glutathione inside the liposomes conferred them with the capability of labeling with imageable radionuclide Tc-99m. Phase solubility analysis of EF24-HP{beta}CD mixture provided k{sub 1:1} value of 9.9 M{sup -1}. The enhanced aqueous solubility of EF24 (from 1.64 to 13.8 mg/mL) due to the presence of HP{beta}CD helped in the liposome preparation. About 19% of the EF24 IC was encapsulated inside the liposomes (320.5 {+-} 2.6 nm) by dehydration-rehydration technique. With extrusion technique, the size of 177 {+-} 6.5 nm was obtained without any effect on encapsulation efficiency. The EF24-liposomes were evaluated for anti-proliferative activity in lung adenocarcinoma H441 and prostate cancer PC-3 cells. The EF24-liposomes demonstrated anti-proliferative activity superior to that of plain EF24 at 10 {mu}M dose. When injected in rats, the Tc-99m-labeled EF24-liposomes cleared from blood with an {alpha}-t{sub 1/2} of 21.4 min and {beta}-t{sub 1/2} of 397 min. Tissue radioactivity counting upon necropsy showed that the majority of clearance was due to the uptake in liver and spleen. The results suggest that using 'drug-in-CD-in liposome' approach is a feasible strategy to formulate an effective parenteral preparation of EF24. In vitro studies show that the liposomal EF24 remains anti-proliferative, while presenting an opportunity to image its biodistribution.