Three-body antikaon-nucleon systems
Shevchenko, N V
2016-01-01
The paper contains a review of the exact or accurate results achieved in the field of the three-body antikaon-nucleon physics. Different states and processes in $\\bar{K}NN$ and $\\bar{K}\\bar{K}N$ systems are considered. In particular, quasi-bound states in $K^- pp$ and $K^- K^- p$ systems were investigated together with antikaonic deuterium atom. Near-threshold scattering of antikaons on deuteron, including $K^- d$ scattering length, and applications of the scattering amplitudes are also discussed. All exact three-body results were calculated using some form of Faddeev equations. Different versions of $\\bar{K}N$, $\\Sigma N$, $\\bar{K}\\bar{K}$, and $NN$ potentials, specially constructed for the calculations, allowed investigation of the dependence of the three-body results on two-body input. Special attention is paid to the antikaon-nucleon interaction, being the most important for the three-body systems. Additionally performed approximate calculations demonstrate accuracy of the commonly used approaches.
Effects of Gravitational Correction on Neutron Stars with Antikaon Condensation
Wen-Bo, Ding; Jia-Wei, Hou; Zhan-Qiang, Qi; Shan-Shan, E.; Tmurbagan, Bao; Guang-Zhou, Liu; Zi, Yu; En-Guang, Zhao
2016-06-01
Effects of gravitational correction through the introduction of U bosons on neutron stars with antikaon condensation are studied in the relativistic mean held theory. How the global properties of neutron stars, redshift and the momentum of inertia are modified by gravitational correction and antikaon condensation are discussed here. Results show that antikaon condensation can occur at the core of pulsar PSR J1614-2230. Gravitational correction and antikaon condensation influence each other, and when coupling constant of U bosons and baryons becomes very high, effects of antikaon condensation almost vanish. Moreover, both the redshift and the momentum of inertia of neutron stars are sensitive to the constant of U bosons. Combining with observation data, we can provide a further constraint on coupling constant of U bosons. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 11265009, 11271055, and 11175077, and General Project of Liaoning Provincial Department of Education under Grant No. L2015005
Antikaon Condensation and In-medium Kaon and Antikaon Production in Protoneutron Stars
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GU Jian-Fa; GUO Hua; LI Xi-Guo; LIU Yu-Xin; XU Fu-Rong
2007-01-01
Antikaon condensation and kaon and antikaon production in protoneutron stars are investigated in a chiral hadronic model (also referred to as the FST model in this paper). The effects of neutrino trapping on protoneutron stars are analyzed systematically. It is shown that neutrino trapping makes the critical density of K- condensation delay to higher density and Ko condensation not occur. The equation of state (EOS) of (proto)neutron star matter with neutrino trapping is stiffer than that without neutrino trapping. As a result, the maximum masses of (proto)neutron stars with neutrino trapping are larger than those without neutrino trapping. If hyperons are taken into account, antikaon does not form a condensate in (proto)neutron stars. Meanwhile, the corresponding EOS becomes much softer, and the maximum masses of (proto)neutron stars are smaller than those without hyprons. Finally, our results illustrate that the Q values for K+ and K- production in (proto)neutron stars are not sensitive to neutrino trapping and inclusion of hyperons.
New computational methods for determining antikaon-nucleus bound states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Optical potential for antikaon-nucleus strong interactions are constructed using elementary antikaon-nucleus potentials determined previously. The optical potentials are used to determine the existence of a kaon hypernucleus. Modern three dimensional visualization techniques are used to study model dependences, new methods for speeding the calculation of the optical potential are developed, and previous approximation to avoid full Fermi averaging are eliminated. 19 refs., 21 figs., 3 tabs
Cooling of Hyperonic Neutron Stars with Antikaons
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DING Wen-Bo; YU Zi; LIU Yu-Hui
2011-01-01
We discuss the impact of hyperons on the neutrino emitting and the gross cooling features of neutron stars with K(-) and ( ˉ)k0 condensations.The results show that hyperons change the density ranges of the direct Urca process with nucleons and the Urca processes of (K-) and (ˉ)k0 condensations,as well as the values of neutrino emissivity.Moreover,interactions between hyperons and antikaons make the neutrino luminosity complicated.It is found that various hyperons play different roles in neutron stars.For massive stars,∑ hyperons make the cooling slower.However,Λ can hardly change the cooling history but it reduces the mass of neutron stars.
Antineutrino induced antikaon production off the nucleon
Alam, M Rafi; Athar, M Sajjad; Vacas, M J Vicente
2011-01-01
The charged current antikaon production off nucleons induced by antineutrinos is studied at low and intermediate energies. We extend here our previous calculation on kaon production induced by neutrinos. We have developed a microscopic model that starts from the SU(3) chiral Lagrangians and includes background terms and the resonant mechanisms associated to the lowest lying resonance in the channel, namely, the Sigma*(1385). Our results could be of interest for the background estimation of various neutrino oscillation experiments like MiniBooNE and SuperK. They can also be helpful for the planned antineutrino experiments like MINERvA, NOvA and T2K phase II and for beta-beam experiments with antineutrino energies around 1 GeV.
Towards exclusive antikaonic nuclear cluster search with AMADEUS
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kienle, Paul [Stefan Meyer Institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna A-1090, Boltzmanngasse 3 (Austria); Physik Department Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany)], E-mail: paul.kienle@ph.tum.de
2008-05-15
The recently proposed AMADEUS project makes use of mono energetic, low energy K{sup -} beams from the upgraded high luminosity DA{phi}NE (e{sup +}e{sup -})-collider of the LNF Frascati for the production of antikaon mediated deeply bound nuclear states using the (K{sub stopped}{sup -}, n/p) reaction. The existing KLOE detector with a target for stopping the K{sup -} surrounded by trigger detectors will be used for an exclusive detection of all particles in the production and decay processes of the antikaonic nuclei formed. Using missing mass and invariant mass spectroscopy a conclusive observation of these exotic objects should be in reach and then their properties, such as binding energies, total and partial widths, size and density could be determined, thus opening a new spectroscopy of exotic strongly bound nuclear systems.
Role of antikaon condensation in r-mode instability
Chatterjee, Debarati
2007-01-01
We investigate the effect of antikaon condensed matter on bulk viscosity in rotating neutron stars. We use relativistic field theoretical models to construct the equation of state of neutron stars with the condensate, where the phase transition from nucleonic to $K^-$ condensed phase is assumed to be of first order. We calculate the coefficient of bulk viscosity due to the non-leptonic weak interaction n --> p + K^-. The influence of antikaon bulk viscosity on the gravitational radiation reaction driven instability in the r-modes is investigated. We compare our results with the previously studied non-leptonic weak interaction $n + p --> p + \\Lambda$ involving hyperons on the damping of the r-mode oscillations. We find that the bulk viscosity coefficient due to the non-leptonic weak process involving the condensate is suppressed by several orders of magnitude in comparison with the non-superfluid hyperon bulk viscosity coefficient. Consequently, the antikaon bulk viscosity may not be able to damp the r-mode in...
Low-energy Antikaon Interaction with Nuclei: The AMADEUS Challenge
Marton, Johann; Bellotti, Giovanni; Berucci, Carolina; Bosnar, Dimitri; Bragadireanu, Mario; Curceanu, Catalina; Clozza, Alberto; Cargnelli, Michael; Butt, Aslan; Del Grande, Raffaele; Fabbietti, Laura; Fiorini, Carlo; Ghio, Francesco; Guaraldo, Carlo; Iliescu, Mihai; Sandri, Paolo Levi; Pietreanu, Dorel; Piscicchia, Kristian; Vidal, Antonio Romero; Scordo, Alessandro; Shi, Hexi; Sirghi, Diana; Sirghi, Florin; Tucakovic, Ivana; Doce, Oton Vazquez; Widmann, Eberhard; Zmeskal, Johann
2016-01-01
The low-energy strong interaction of antikaons (K-) with nuclei has many facets and rep- resents a lively and challenging research ?eld. It is interconnected to the peculiar role of strangeness, since the strange quark is rather light, but still much heavier than the up and down quarks. Thus, when strangeness is involved one has to deal with spontaneous and explicit symmetry breaking in QCD. It is well known that the antikaon interaction with nucleons is attractive, but how strong ? Is the interaction strong enough to bind nucleons to form kaonic nuclei and, if so, what are the properties (binding energy, decay width)? There are controversial indications for such bound states and new results are expected to come soon. The existence of antikaon mediated bound states might have important consequences since it would open the possibility for the formation of cold baryonic matter of high density which might have a severe impact in astrophysics for the understanding of the composi- tion of compact (neutron) stars. ...
Antikaons in neutron star studied with recent versions of relativistic mean-field models
Gupta, Neha; Arumugam, P.
2013-03-01
We study the impact of additional couplings in the relativistic mean field (RMF) models, in conjunction with antikaon condensation, on various neutron star properties. We analyze different properties such as in-medium antikaon and nucleon effective masses, antikaon energies, chemical potentials and the mass-radius relations of neutron star (NS). We calculate the NS properties with the RMF (NL3), E-RMF (G1, G2) and FSU2.1 models, which are quite successful in explaining several finite nuclear properties. Our results show that the onset of kaon condensation in NS strongly depends on the parameters of the Lagrangian, especially the additional couplings which play a significant role at higher densities where antikaons dominate the behavior of equation of state.
Antikaons in neutron star studied with recent versions of relativistic mean-field models
Gupta, Neha
2013-01-01
We study the impact of additional couplings in the relativistic mean field (RMF) models, in conjunction with antikaon condensation, on various neutron star properties. We analyze different properties such as in-medium antikaon and nucleon effective masses, antikaon energies, chemical potentials and the mass-radius relations of neutron star (NS). We calculate the NS properties with the RMF (NL3), E-RMF (G1, G2) and FSU2.1 models, which are quite successful in explaining several finite nuclear properties. Our results show that the onset of kaon condensation in NS strongly depends on the parameters of the Lagrangian, especially the additional couplings which play a significant role at higher densities where antikaons dominate the behavior of equation of state.
Bose–Einstein condensation of anti-kaons and neutron star twins
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Sarmistha Banik; Debades Bandyopadhyay
2003-05-01
We investigate the role of Bose–Einstein condensation (BEC) of anti-kaons on the equation of state (EoS) and other properties of compact stars. In the framework of relativistic mean ﬁeld model we determine the EoS for -stable hyperon matter and compare it to the situation when anti-kaons condense in the system. We observe that anti-kaon condensates soften the EoS, thereby lowering the maximum mass of the stars. We also demonstrate that the presence of antikaon condensates in the high density core of compact stars may lead to a new mass sequence beyond white dwarf and neutron stars. The limiting mass of the new sequence stars is nearly equal to that of neutron star branch though they have distinctly different radii and compositions. They are called neutron star twins.
Double antikaonic nuclear clusters in antiproton-{sup 3}He annihilation at J-PARC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sakuma, Fuminori, E-mail: sakuma@ribf.riken.jp [RIKEN, RIKEN Nishina Center (Japan); Curceanu, Catalina [Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati dell' INFN (Italy); Iwasaki, Masahiko [RIKEN, RIKEN Nishina Center (Japan); Kienle, Paul [Technische Universiat Munchen (Germany); Ohnishi, Hiroaki [RIKEN, RIKEN Nishina Center (Japan); Tokuda, Makoto [The University of Tokyo, Department of Physics (Japan); Tsukada, Kyo [Tohoku University, Department of Physics (Japan); Widmann, Eberhard [Stefan-Meyer-Institut fuer Subatomare Physik (Austria); Yamazaki, Toshimitsu [RIKEN, RIKEN Nishina Center (Japan); Zmeskal, Johannes [Stefan-Meyer-Institut fuer Subatomare Physik (Austria)
2012-12-15
We search for double anti-kaon nuclear bound states in the p-bar annihilation reaction in {sup 3}He nuclei at rest. In view of the strongly attractive K-bar N interaction, the existence of nuclear clusters with more than one K{sup }- has been predicted theoretically. The double anti-kaon production in elementary antiproton annihilation at rest is forbidden because of the negative Q-value; however, a double anti-kaon nuclear bound state, such as K{sup }- K{sup }- pp, with deep binding energy would enable double anti-kaon production in the nuclei. In order to investigate the K{sup }- K{sup }- pp production in the p-bar + {sup 3}He {yields} K{sup +} + K{sup 0} + X (X = K{sup -} K{sup -} pp) channel, the produced K{sup }- K{sup }- pp cluster is identified both using missing mass spectroscopy via the K{sup + }K{sup 0} channel with a {Lambda}-tag, and invariant mass analysis of the expected decay particles from the K{sup }- K{sup }- pp cluster such as {Lambda}{Lambda}. We propose to perform the experiment at the existing K1.8BR beam line at J-PARC with the E15 spectrometer.
SIDDHARTA results and implications of the results on antikaon-nucleon interaction
Marton, J.; Bazzi, M.; Beer, G.; Berucci, C.; Bellotti, G.; Bosnar, D.; Bragadireanu, A. M.; Cargnelli, M.; Clozza, A.; Curceanu, C.; Butt, A. Dawood; Fiorini, C.; Ghio, F.; Guaraldo, C.; Hayano, R.; Iliescu, M.; Iwasaki, M.; Sandri, P. Levi; Okada, S.; Pietreanu, D.; Piscicchia, K.; Vidal, A. Romero; Scordo, A.; Shi, H.; Sirghi, D. L.; Sirghi, F.; Tatsuno, H.; Doce, O. Vazquez; Widmann, E.; Zmeskal, J.
2016-05-01
The interaction of antikaons (K-) with nucleons and nuclei in the low-energy regime represents an active research field in hadron physics. There are important open questions like the existence of antikaon nuclear bound states like the prototype system being K- pp. Unique and rather direct experimental access to the antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths is provided by precision X-ray spectroscopy of transitions in low-lying states in light kaonic atoms like kaonic hydrogen and helium isotopes. In the SIDDHARTA experiment at the electron-positron collider DAΦNE of LNF-INFN we measured the most precise values of the strong interaction observables, i.e. the strong interaction on the 1s ground state of the electromagnetically bound K-p atom leading to energy shift and broadening of the 1s state. The SIDDHARTA result triggered new theoretical work, which achieved major progress in the understanding of the low-energy strong interaction with strangeness reflected by the antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths calculated with the K--proton amplitudes constrained by the SIDDHARTA data. The most important open question is the experimental determination of the hadronic energy shift and width of kaonic deuterium which is planned by the SIDDHARTA-2 Collaboration.
Antikaon-nucleon interaction and Λ(1405) in chiral SU(3) dynamics
Kamiya, Yuki; Miyahara, Kenta; Ohnishi, Shota; Ikeda, Yoichi; Hyodo, Tetsuo; Oset, Eulogio; Weise, Wolfram
2016-10-01
The properties of the Λ (1405) resonance are key ingredients for determining the antikaon-nucleon interaction in strangeness nuclear physics, and the novel internal structure of the Λ (1405) is of great interest in hadron physics, as a prototype case of a baryon that does not fit into the simple three-quark picture. We show that a quantitative description of the antikaon-nucleon interaction with the Λ (1405) is achieved in the framework of chiral SU(3) dynamics, with the help of recent experimental progress. Further constraints on the K bar N subthreshold interaction are provided by analyzing πΣ spectra in various processes, such as the K- d → πΣn reaction and the Λc → ππΣ decay. The structure of the Λ (1405) is found to be dominated by an antikaon-nucleon molecular configuration, based on its wavefunction derived from a realistic K bar N potential and the compositeness criteria from a model-independent weak-binding relation.
In-medium kaon and antikaon properties in the quark-meson coupling model
Tsushima, K; Thomas, A W; Wright, S V
1998-01-01
The properties of the kaon, $K$, and antikaon, $\\kbar$, in nuclear medium are studied in the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model. Employing a constituent quark-antiquark (MIT bag model) picture, their excitation energies in a nuclear medium at zero momentum are calculated within mean field approximation. The scalar, and the vector mesons are assumed to couple directly to the nonstrange quarks and antiquarks in the $K$ and $\\kbar$ mesons. It is demonstrated that the $\\rho$ meson induces different mean field potentials for each member of the isodoublets, $K$ and $\\kbar$, when they are embedded in asymmetric nuclear matter. Furthermore, it is also shown that this $\\rho$ meson potential is repulsive for the $K^-$ meson in matter with a neutron excess, and renders $K^-$ condensation less likely to occur.
Antikaon induced Ξ production from a chiral model at NLO
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Feijoo A.
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We study the meson-baryon interaction in the strangeness S = −1 sector using a chiral unitary approach, paying particular attention to the K̄N → KΞ reaction, especially important for constraining the next-to-leading order chiral terms, and considering also the effect of high spin hyperonic resonances. We also present results for the production of Ξ hyperons in nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The parameters of separable coupled channels s-wave potentials for the strong /bar K/N interaction are determined from low energy K-p scattering data with additional constraints from π-p → πΣK0 production data. The shifts and widths of the Coulomb bound states in kaonic hydrogen are calculated with these potentials and compared with experiment. Optical potentials are constructed from /bar K/N t-matrices derived from the separable potentials, and these optical potentials are used to calculate kaonic helium and kaonic carbon shifts and widths which are also compared with experiment. 68 refs., 50 figs., 9 tabs
Iio, M; Sato, M; Enomoto, S; Hashimoto, T; Suzuki, S; Iwasaki, M; Hayano, R S
2012-01-01
A liquid helium-3 target system was developed for experimental studies of kaonic atoms and kaonic nuclei at J-PARC. helium-3 gas is liquefied in a heat exchanger cooled below 3.2 K by decompression of liquid helium-4. To maintain a large acceptance of the cylindrical detector system for decay particles of kaonic nuclei, efficient heat transport between the separate target cell and the main unit is realized using circulation of liquid helium-3. To minimize the amount of material, a vacuum vessel containing a carbon fiber reinforced plastic cylinder having an inside diameter of 150 mm and a thickness of 1 mm was produced. A target cell made of pure beryllium and beryllium-aluminum alloy was developed not only to minimize the amount of material but to obtain also high x-ray transmission. During a cooling test, the target cell was kept at 1.3 K at a pressure of 33 mbar. The total estimated heat load to the components including the target cell and heat exchanger cooled by liquid helium-4 decompression, was 0.21 W,...
Theoretical studies in nuclear physics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This report discusses: microscopic imaginary optical potential; isospin effects and charge exchange; multistep inelastic and charge exchange scattering; momentum space proton scattering; pion scattering from nuclei; antiproton studies; antikaons-nucleon interactions; and quantum mechanics. 11 refs
Curceanu, Catalina
2007-01-01
The change of the hadron masses and hadron interactions in the nuclear medium and the structure of cold dense hadronic matter are hot topics of hadron physics today. These important, yet unsolved, problems will be the research field of AMADEUS (Antikaonic Matter At DAFNE: Experiments with Unraveling Spectroscopy) - new experiment proposal at DAFNE accelerator at LNF-INFN. AMADEUS will search for antikaon-mediated deeply bound nuclear states produced in helium by stopping K- from DAFNE, both i...
Chiral symmetry and strangeness at SIS energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this talk we review the consequences of the chiral SU(3) symmetry for strangeness propagation in nuclear matter. Objects of crucial importance are the meson-baryon scattering amplitudes obtained within the chiral coupled-channel effective field theory. Results for antikaon and hyperon-resonance spectral functions in cold nuclear matter are presented and discussed. The importance of the Σ(1385) resonance for the subthreshold antikaon production in heavy-ion reaction at SIS is pointed out. The in-medium properties of the latter together with an antikaon spectral function based on chiral SU(3) dynamics suggest a significant enhancement of the π Λ → anti Κ N reaction in nuclear matter. (orig.)
Weak Strangeness and Eta Production
Alam, M Rafi; Alvarez-Ruso, Luis; Simo, I Ruiz; Vacas, M J Vicente; Singh, S K
2013-01-01
We have studied strange particle production off nucleons through $\\Delta S =0 $ and $|\\Delta S| = 1$ channels, and specifically single kaon/antikaon, eta, associated particle production for neutrino/antineutrino induced processes as well as antineutrino induced single hyperon production processes. We have developed a microscopical model based on the SU(3) chiral Lagrangians. The basic parameters of the model are $f_\\pi$, the pion decay constant, Cabibbo angle, the proton and neutron magnetic moments and the axial vector coupling constants for the baryons octet. For antikaon production we have also included $\\Sigma^*(1385)$ resonance and for eta production $S_{11}(1535)$ and $S_{11}(1650)$ resonances are included.
Strong interaction studies with kaonic atoms
Marton, J; Beer, G; Berucci, C; Bosnar, D; Bragadireanu, A M; Cargnelli, M; Clozza, A; Curceanu, C; d'Uffizi, A; Fiorini, C; Ghio, F; Guaraldo, C; Hayano, R; Iliescu, M; Ishiwatari, T; Iwasaki, M; Sandri, P Levi; Okada, S; Pietreanu, D; Piscicchia, K; Ponta, T; Quaglia, R; Vidal, A Romero; Sbardella, E; Scordo, A; Shi, H; Sirghi, D L; Sirghi, F; Tatsuno, H; Doce, O Vazquez; Widmann, E; Zmeskal, J
2015-01-01
The strong interaction of antikaons (K-) with nucleons and nuclei in the low energy regime represents an active research field connected intrinsically with few-body physics. There are important open questions like the question of antikaon nuclear bound states - the prototype system being K-pp. A unique and rather direct experimental access to the antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths is provided by precision X-ray spectroscopy of transitions in low-lying states of light kaonic atoms like kaonic hydrogen isotopes. In the SIDDHARTA experiment at the electron-positron collider DA?NE of LNF-INFN we measured the most precise values of the strong interaction observables, i.e. the strong interaction on the 1s ground state of the electromagnetically bound K-p atom leading to a hadronic shift and a hadronic broadening of the 1s state. The SIDDHARTA result triggered new theoretical work which achieved major progress in the understanding of the low-energy strong interaction with strangeness. Antikaon-nucleon scattering le...
Strong interaction studies with kaonic atoms
Marton, J; Beer, G; Berucci, C; Bosnar, D; Bragadireanu, A M; Cargnelli, M; Clozza, A; Curceanu, C; d'Uffizi, A; Fiorini, C; Ghio, F; Guaraldo, C; Hayano, R; Iliescu, M; Ishiwatari, T; Iwasaki, M; Sandri, P Levi; Okada, S; Pietreanu, D; Piscicchia, K; Ponta, T; Quaglia, R; Vidal, A Romero; Sbardella, E; Scordo, A; Shi, H; Sirghi, D L; Sirghi, F; Tatsuno, H; Doce, O Vazquez; Widmann, E; Zmeskal, J
2016-01-01
The strong interaction of antikaons with nucleons and nuclei in the low-energy regime represents an active research field connected intrinsically with few-body physics. There are important open questions like the question of antikaon nuclear bound states. A unique and rather direct experimental access to the antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths is provided by precision X-ray spectroscopy of transitions in low-lying states of light kaonic atoms like kaonic hydrogen isotopes. In the SIDDHARTA experiment at the electron-positron collider DAFNE of LNF-INFN we measured the most precise values of the strong interaction observables, i.e. the strong interaction on the 1s ground state of the electromagnetically bound kaonic hydrogen atom leading to a hadronic shift and a hadronic broadening of the 1s state. The SIDDHARTA result triggered new theoretical work which achieved major progress in the understanding of the low-energy strong interaction with strangeness. Antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths have been calculated ...
Strangeness in nuclear physics
Gal, A; Millener, D J
2016-01-01
Extensions of nuclear physics to the strange sector are reviewed, covering data and models of Lambda and other hypernuclei, multi-strange matter, and anti-kaon bound states and condensation. Past achievements are highlighted, present unresolved problems discussed, and future directions outlined.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Debades Bandyopadhyay
2006-05-01
We discuss -equilibrated and charge neutral matter involving hyperons and $\\bar{K}$ condensates within relativistic models. It is observed that populations of baryons are strongly affected by the presence of antikaon condensates. Also, the equation of state including $\\bar{K}$ condensates becomes softer resulting in a smaller maximum mass neutron star.
Weak Production of Strange Particles and $\\eta$ Mesons off the Nucleon
Alam, M Rafi; Alvarez-Ruso, L; Athar, M Sajjad; Vacas, M J Vicente
2015-01-01
The strange particle production induced by (anti)neutrino off nucleon has been studied for $|\\Delta S|=0$ and $|\\Delta S|=1$ channels. The reactions those we have considered are for the production of single kaon/antikaon, eta and associated particle production processes. We have developed a microscopical model based on the SU(3) chiral Lagrangian. The basic parameters of the model are $f_\\pi$, the pion decay constant, Cabibbo angle, the proton and neutron magnetic moments and the axial vector coupling constants for the baryons octet. For antikaon production we have also included $\\Sigma^*$(1385) resonance and for eta production $S_{11}$(1535) and $S_{11}$(1650) resonances are included.
Weak production of strange particles and η mesons off the nucleon
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alam, M. Rafi; Athar, M. Sajjad [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202 002 (India); Simo, I. Ruiz [Departamento de Física Atómica, Moleculary Nuclear, and Instituto de Física Teórica y Computacional Carlos I, Universidad de Granada, Granada 18071 (Spain); Alvarez-Ruso, L.; Vacas, M. J. Vicente [Departamento de Física Teórica and Instituto de Física Corpuscular, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)
2015-10-15
The strange particle production induced by (anti)neutrino off nucleon has been studied for |ΔS| = 0 and |ΔS| = 1 channels. The reactions those we have considered are for the production of single kaon/antikaon, eta and associated particle production processes. We have developed a microscopical model based on the SU(3) chiral Lagrangian. The basic parameters of the model are f{sub π}, the pion decay constant, Cabibbo angle, the proton and neutron magnetic moments and the axial vector coupling constants for the baryons octet. For antikaon production we have also included Σ*(1385) resonance and for eta production S{sub 11}(1535) and S{sub 11}(1650) resonances are included.
(K)0 Condensation in Hyperonic Neutron Star Matter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DING Wen-Bo; LIU Guang-Zhou; ZHU Ming-Feng; YU Zi; ZHAO En-Guang
2008-01-01
In the framework of the relativistic mean field theory,we investigate (K)0 condensation along with Kˉcondensation occur well in the core of the maximum mass stars for relatively shallow optical potentials of (K) in the range of-100 MeV～-160 MeV.With the increasing optical potential of (K),the critical densities of (K) decrease and the species of baryons appearing in neutron stars become fewer.The main role of (K)0 condensation is to make the abundances of particles become identical leading to isospin saturated symmetric matter including antikaons,state,which leads to a large reduction in the maximum masses of neutron stars.In the core of massive neutron stars,neutron star matter including rich particle species,such as antikaons,nucleons and hyperons,may exist.
Low-energy kaon-nucleon/nuclei interaction studies at DAΦNE by AMADEUS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tucaković Ivana
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The AMADEUS experiment deals with the investigation of the low-energy kaon-nuclei hadronic interaction at the DAΦNE collider at LNF-INFN, fundamental to respond to longstanding open questions in the non-perturbative QCD in the strangeness sector. One of the most interesting aspects is to understand how hadron masses and interactions change in the nuclear environment. The antikaon-nucleon potential is investigated searching for signals from possible bound kaonic clusters, which would imply a strongly attractive antikaon-nucleon potential. AMADEUS step 0 consists in the analysis of 2004/2005 KLOE data, exploring K− absorptions in H, 4He, 9Be and 12C present in setup materials. The status of the various preliminary analyses is presented, together with future perspectives.
Strong interaction studies with kaonic atoms
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marton J.
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The strong interaction of antikaons (K− with nucleons and nuclei in the low-energy regime represents an active research field connected intrinsically with few-body physics. There are important open questions like the question of antikaon nuclear bound states - the prototype system being K−pp. A unique and rather direct experimental access to the antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths is provided by precision X-ray spectroscopy of transitions in low-lying states of light kaonic atoms like kaonic hydrogen isotopes. In the SIDDHARTA experiment at the electron-positron collider DAΦNE of LNF-INFN we measured the most precise values of the strong interaction observables, i.e. the strong interaction on the 1s ground state of the electromagnetically bound K−p atom leading to a hadronic shift ϵ1s and a hadronic broadening Γ1s of the 1s state. The SIDDHARTA result triggered new theoretical work which achieved major progress in the understanding of the low-energy strong interaction with strangeness. Antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths have been calculated constrained by the SIDDHARTA data on kaonic hydrogen. For the extraction of the isospin-dependent scattering lengths a measurement of the hadronic shift and width of kaonic deuterium is necessary. Therefore, new X-ray studies with the focus on kaonic deuterium are in preparation (SIDDHARTA2. Many improvements in the experimental setup will allow to measure kaonic deuterium which is challenging due to the anticipated low X-ray yield. Especially important are the data on the X-ray yields of kaonic deuterium extracted from a exploratory experiment within SIDDHARTA.
Chiral unitary theory: Application to nuclear problems
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
E Oset; D Cabrera; H C Chiang; C Garcia Recio; S Hirenzaki; S S Kamalov; J Nieves; Y Okumura; A Ramos; H Toki; M J Vicente Vacas
2001-08-01
In this talk we brieﬂy describe some basic elements of chiral perturbation theory, , and how the implementation of unitarity and other novel elements lead to a better expansion of the -matrix for meson–meson and meson–baryon interactions. Applications are then done to the interaction in nuclear matter in the scalar and vector channels, antikaons in nuclei and - atoms, and how the meson properties are changed in a nuclear medium.
Zmeskal, J; Ajimura, S; Bazzi, M; Beer, G; Berucci, C; Bhang, H; Bosnar, D; Bragadireanu, M; Buehler, P; Busso, L; Cargnelli, M; Choi, S; Clozza, A; Curceanu, C; D'uffizi, A; Enomoto, S; Fabbietti, L; Faso, D; Fiorini, C; Fujioka, H; Ghio, F; Golser, R; Guaraldo, C; Hashimoto, T; Hayano, R S; Hiraiwa, T; Iio, M; Iliescu, M; Inoue, K; Ishimoto, S; Ishiwatari, T; Itahashi, K; Iwai, M; Iwasaki, M; Kawasaki, S; Lachner, J; Sandri, P Levi; Ma, Y; Marton, J; Matsuda, Y; Mizoi, Y; Morra, O; Moskal, P; Nagae, T; Noumi, H; Ohnishi, H; Okada, S; Outa, H; Pietreanu, D; Piscicchia, K; Lener, M Poli; Vidal, A Romero; Sada, Y; Sakaguchi, A; Sakuma, F; Sbardella, E; Scordo, A; Sekimoto, M; Shi, H; Silarski, M; Sirghi, D; Sirghi, F; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, S; Suzuki, T; Tanida, K; Tatsuno, H; Tokuda, M; Toyoda, A; Tucakovic, I; Tsukada, K; Doce, O Vazquez; Widmann, E; Yamaga, T; Yamazaki, T; Zhang, Q
2015-01-01
The antikaon-nucleon interaction close to threshold provides crucial information on the interplay between spontaneous and explicit chiral symmetry breaking in low-energy QCD. In this context the importance of kaonic deuterium X-ray spectroscopy has been well recognized, but no experimental results have yet been obtained due to the difficulty of the measurement. We propose to measure the shift and width of the kaonic deuterium 1s state with an accuracy of 60 eV and 140 eV respectively at J-PARC. These results together with the kaonic hydrogen data (KpX at KEK, DEAR and SIDDHARTA at DAFNE) will then permit the determination of values of both the isospin I=0 and I=1 antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths and will provide the most stringent constraints on the antikaon-nucleon interaction, promising a breakthrough. Refined Monte Carlo studies were performed, including the investigation of background suppression factors for the described setup. These studies have demonstrated the feasibility of determining the shift a...
Proton-proton collisions at production thresholds
Moskal, P.; Adam, H. -H.; Budzanowski, A.; Grzonka, D.; Jarczyk, L.; Khoukaz, A.; Kilian, K.; Koehler, M; Kowina, P.; Lang, N.; Lister, T.; Oelert, W.; Quentmeier, C.; Santo, R.; Schepers, G.
2000-01-01
Recent results obtained by the COSY-11 collaboration concerning the production of eta and eta' mesons in the pp --> pp Meson reaction are presented. A comparison of the production amplitude for the pi(0), eta and eta' mesons at the same phase space volume allows to conclude that the proton-eta' interaction is in the order of, or smaller than, the proton-pi(0) one. A total cross section determined in a preliminary analysis of the data of elementary kaon and antikaon production via the pp-->ppK...
Diomega production in relativistic heavy ion collisions
Pal, Subrata; Ko, C. M.; Zhang, Z. Y.
2001-01-01
Using a multiphase transport model, we study the production of a new strange dibaryon (\\Omega\\Omega)_{0+} in dense hadronic matter formed in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The (multi-)strange baryons (\\Xi and \\Omega) are produced by strangeness-exchange reactions between antikaons and hyperons in the pure hadronic phase. The rescattering between the omegas at midrapidity leads to a production probability of \\simeq 3x10^{-7} (\\Omega\\Omega)_{0+} per event at the RHIC energy of \\sqrt s=130A ...
Charged kaon production by coherent scattering of neutrinos and antineutrinos on nuclei
Alvarez-Ruso, L; Simo, I Ruiz; Valverde, M; Vacas, M J Vicente
2012-01-01
With the aim of achieving a better and more complete understanding of neutrino interactions with nuclear targets, the coherent production of charged kaons induced by neutrinos and antineutrinos is investigated in the energy range of some of the current neutrino experiments. We follow a microscopic approach which, at the nucleon level, incorporates the most important mechanisms allowed by the chiral symmetry breaking pattern of QCD. The distortion of the outgoing (anti)kaon is taken into account by solving the Klein-Gordon equation with realistic optical potentials. Angular and momentum distributions are studied, as well as the energy and nuclear dependence of the total cross section.
Covariant meson-baryon scattering with chiral and large Nc constraints
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We give a review of recent progress on the application of the relativistic chiral SU(3) Lagrangian to meson-baryon scattering. It is shown that a combined chiral and 1/Nc expansion of the Bethe-Salpeter interaction kernel leads to a good description of the kaon-nucleon, antikaon-nucleon and pion-nucleon scattering data typically up to laboratory momenta of plab ≅ 500 MeV. We solve the covariant coupled channel Bethe-Salpeter equation with the interaction kernel truncated to chiral order Q3 where we include only those terms which are leading in the large Nc limit of QCD. (orig.)
Non-resonant kaon pair production and medium effects in proton-nucleus collisions
Paryev, E Ya; Kiselev, Yu T
2015-01-01
We study the non-resonant (non-$\\phi$) production of $K^+K^-$ pairs by protons of 2.83 GeV kinetic energy on C, Cu, Ag, and Au targets within the collision model, based on the nuclear spectral function, for incoherent primary proton--nucleon and secondary pion--nucleon creation processes. The model takes into account the initial proton and final kaon absorption, target nucleon binding and Fermi motion as well as nuclear mean-field potential effects on these processes. We calculate the antikaon momentum dependences of the exclusive absolute and relative $K^+K^-$ pair yields in the acceptance window of the ANKE magnetic spectrometer, used in a recent experiment performed at COSY, within the different scenarios for the antikaon-nucleus optical potential. We demonstrate that the above observables are strongly sensitive to this potential. Therefore, they can be useful to help determine the $K^-$ optical potential from the direct comparison of the results of our calculations with the data from the respective ANKE-a...
Nuclear dynamics induced by antiprotons
Feng, Zhao-Qing
2015-01-01
Reaction dynamics in collisions of antiprotons on nuclei is investigated within the Lanzhou quantum molecular dynamics model. The reaction channels of elastic scattering, annihilation, charge exchange and inelastic collisions of antiprotons on nucleons have been included in the model. Dynamics on particle production, in particular pions, kaons, antikaons and hyperons, is investigated in collisions of $\\overline{p}$ on $^{12}$C, $^{20}$Ne, $^{40}$Ca and $^{181}$Ta from a low to high incident momenta. It is found that the annihilations of $\\overline{p}$ on nucleons are of importance on the dynamics of particle production in phase space. Hyperons are mainly produced via meson induced reactions on nucleons and strangeness exchange collisions, which lead to the delayed emission in antiproton-nucleus collisions.
On the pole content of coupled channels chiral approaches used for the $\\bar{K}N$ system
Cieplý, A; Meißner, Ulf-G; Smejkal, J
2016-01-01
Several theoretical groups describe the antikaon-nucleon interaction at low energies within approaches based on the chiral SU(3) dynamics and including next-to-leading order contributions. We present a comparative analysis of the pertinent models and discuss in detail their pole contents. It is demonstrated that the approaches lead to very different predictions for the $K^{-}p$ amplitude extrapolated to subthreshold energies as well as for the $K^{-}n$ amplitude. The origin of the poles generated by the models is traced to the so-called zero coupling limit, in which the inter-channel couplings are switched off. This provides new insights into the pole contents of the various approaches. In particular, different concepts of forming the $\\Lambda(1405)$ resonance are revealed and constraints related to the appearance of such poles in a given approach are discussed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
An account is given on the activities in nuclear and solid state physcis. In the field of relativistic nuclear physcis first measurements at the Synchrophasotron of the JINR Dubna are presented. Nuclear reactions with heavy ions have been investigated at the cyclotron U-300 of the JINR. Studies of few-nucleon problems and measurements of fission cross sections at the tandem accelerator at Rossendorf have been continued. High spin states in transition nuclei (A approximately 80) and semimagic nuclei have been studied. Works in nuclear theory comprise heavy ion physics, plasma transitions in hot nuclear matter, antikaon production, hypernuclei and deformed nuclei, the time-dependent Hartree-Fock method, meson exchange, and new aspects of shell models. Various studies in solid state physics are presented, including the following: high-dose implantation in metals and semiconductors, tempering in semiconductor materials, light pulse annealing in Si, neutron diffraction in texture analysis, application of Si in the field of sensor technology
Fast Equilibration of Hadrons in an Expanding Fireball
Noronha-Hostler, J; Shovkovy, I A
2007-01-01
Due to long chemical equilibration times within standard hadronic reactions during the hadron gas phase in relativistic heavy ion collisions it has been suggested that the hadrons are "born" into equilibrium after the quark gluon plasma phase. Here we develop a dynamical scheme in which possible Hagedorn states contribute to fast chemical equilibration times of baryon anti-baryon pairs (as well as kaon anti-kaon pairs) inside a hadron gas and just below the critical temperature. Within this scheme, we use master equations and derive various analytical estimates for the chemical equilibration times. Applying a Bjorken picture to the expanding fireball, the kaons and baryons as well as the bath of pions and Hagedorn resonances can indeed quickly chemically equilibrate for both an initial overpopulation or underpopulation of Hagedorn resonances. Moreover, a comparison of our results to $(B+\\bar{B})/\\pi^{+}$ and $K/\\pi^{+}$ ratios at RHIC, indeed, shows a close match.
Testing in-medium $\\pi N$ dynamics on pionic atoms
Friedman, E
2014-01-01
A general algorithm for handling the energy dependence of meson-nucleon amplitudes in the nuclear medium has been recently applied to antikaons and to eta mesons. Here we test this approach on $\\pi N$ amplitudes in pionic atoms where direct comparison can be made with ample experimental results. Applying this algorithm to a large-scale fit of 100 pionic-atom data points across the periodic table, which also include the `deeply-bound' states in Sn and Pb, reaffirms earlier conclusions on the density-dependent renormalization of the $\\pi N$ threshold isovector amplitude $b_1$, or equivalently the renormalization of the pion decay constant $f_{\\pi}$ in the nuclear medium.
In-medium and isospin effects on particle production near threshold energies in heavy-ion collisions
Feng, Zhao-Qing; Chen, Peng-Hui; Chen, Jie; Jin, Gen-Ming
2015-01-01
Dynamics of pseudoscalar mesons ($\\pi$, $\\eta$, $K$ and $\\overline{K}$ ) and hyperons ($\\Lambda$ and $\\Sigma$) produced in heavy-ion collisions near threshold energies has been investigated within the Lanzhou quantum molecular dynamics (LQMD) transport model. The in-medium modifications on particle production in dense nuclear matter are implemented in the model through corrections on the elementary cross sections and by inclusion of the meson (hyperon)-nucleon potentials, in which the isospin effects are considered. It is found that the transportation of particles are influenced with the in-medium corrections. The total number of pions is reduced with an isospin, density and momentum dependent pion-nucleon potential. However, the ratios of charged pions is enhanced with inclusion of the potential. The production of eta in the domain of mid-rapidities and high momenta is sensitive to the $\\eta$-nucleon potential, but weakly depends on symmetry energy. The attractive antikaon-nucleon potential enhances the subt...
On the pole content of coupled channels chiral approaches used for the K bar N system
Cieplý, A.; Mai, M.; Meißner, Ulf-G.; Smejkal, J.
2016-10-01
Several theoretical groups describe the antikaon-nucleon interaction at low energies within approaches based on the chiral SU(3) dynamics and including next-to-leading order contributions. We present a comparative analysis of the pertinent models and discuss in detail their pole contents. It is demonstrated that the approaches lead to very different predictions for the K- p amplitude extrapolated to subthreshold energies as well as for the K- n amplitude. The origin of the poles generated by the models is traced to the so-called zero coupling limit, in which the inter-channel couplings are switched off. This provides new insights into the pole contents of the various approaches. In particular, different concepts of forming the Λ (1405) resonance are revealed and constraints related to the appearance of such poles in a given approach are discussed.
2004-01-01
Extraction lines that carried the antiprotons from LEAR to the experiments. Beam-splitters and a multitude of beam-lines allowed several users to be supplied simultaneously. Particle physicists don't always need ever more powerful accelerators to study interesting physics. LEAR, the Low Energy Antiproton Ring, was designed to help explore the properties of antimatter, with the annihilation of protons and antiprotons becoming the main theme. LEAR was commissioned in 1983 and contributed to more than 30 experiments with great success. LEAR took part in the discovery of a 'glueball', a particle composed entirely of gluons, the carriers of the strong nuclear force. LEAR also observed that neutral kaons and antikaons decay at a slightly different rate, offering physicists another insight into the mystery about why matter prevails over antimatter in the Universe. Uniquely, LEAR combined both the electron and stochastic beam cooling techniques, used to control and refine the beams. It also pioneered a technique usin...
Kaon production in heavy ion reactions at intermediate energies
Fuchs, C
2006-01-01
The article reviews the physics related to kaon and antikaon production in heavy ion reactions at intermediate energies. Chiral dynamics predicts substantial modifications of the kaon properties in a dense nuclear environment. The status of the theoretical predictions as well as experimental evidences for medium effects such as repulsive/attractive mass shifts for $K^+/K^-$ are reviewed. In the vicinity of the thresholds, and even more pronounced below threshold, the production of strangeness is a highly collective process. Starting from elementary reaction channels the phenomenology of $K^+$ and $K^-$ production, i.e. freeze-out densities, time scales etc. as derived from experiment and theoretical transport calculations is presented. Below threshold kaon production shows a high sensitivity on the nuclear compression reached in heavy ion reactions. This allows to put constraints on the nuclear equation-of-state which are finally discussed.
Extended Statistical Thermal Model and Rapidity Spectra of Hadrons at 200 GeV/A
Uddin, Saeed; Shabir, Jan; Mir, M Farooq
2009-01-01
We use the extended statistical thermal model to describe various hadron rapidity spectra at the highest RHIC energy (200 GeV/A). The model assumes the formation of hot and dense regions moving along the beam axis with increasing rapidities, yFB. It has been earlier shown that this model can explain the net proton flow i.e. p minus pbar, ratio pbar/p and the pion rapidity spectra. In this paper we have attempted to show that in addition to these quantities, this model can also successfully describe the individual rapidity spectra of protons, antiprotons, Kaons, antiKaons, pions, the ratios lambdabar/lambda and cascadebar/cascade. The experimental data set on p, pbar, K, Kbar and Pion provided by BRAHMS collaboration at the highest energy of Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, sqrt(SNN) = 200 GeV are used. The theoretical results fit quite well with mid-rapidity data (for y < 1) of the lambdabar/lambda and the cascadebar/cascade ratios available (from STAR). We have used single set of model parameters includin...
Predictions for the $\\Lambda_b \\to J/\\psi ~ \\Lambda(1405)$ decay
Roca, Luis; Oset, Eulogio; Meißner, Ulf-G
2015-01-01
We calculate the shape of the $\\pi\\Sigma$ and $\\bar K N$ invariant mass distributions in the $\\Lambda_b \\to J/\\psi\\, \\pi\\Sigma$ and $\\Lambda_b \\to J/\\psi \\,\\bar K N$ decays that are dominated by the $\\Lambda(1405)$ resonance. The weak interaction part is the same for both processes and the hadronization into the different meson-baryon channels in the final state is related by SU(3) symmetry. The most important feature is the implementation of the meson-baryon final-state interaction using two chiral unitary models from different theoretical groups. Both approaches give a good description of antikaon-nucleon scattering data, the complex energy shift in kaonic hydrogen and the line shapes of $\\pi \\Sigma K$ in photoproduction, based on the two-pole scenario for the $\\Lambda (1405)$. We find that this reaction reflects more the higher mass pole and we make predictions of the line shapes and relative strength of the meson-baryon distributions in the final state.
Parton/hadron dynamics in heavy-ion collisions at FAIR energies
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cassing W.
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Recent STAR data for the directed flow of protons, antiprotons and charged pions obtained within the beam energy scan program are analyzed within the Parton-Hadron-String-Dynamics (PHSD/HSD transport models. Both versions of the kinetic approach are used to clarify the role of partonic degrees of freedom. The PHSD results, simulating a partonic phase and its coexistence with a hadronic one, are roughly consistent with the STAR data. Generally, the semi-qualitative agreement between the measured data and model results supports the idea of a crossover type of quark-hadron transition which softens the nuclear EoS but shows no indication of a first-order phase transition. Furthermore, the directed flow of kaons and antikaons is evaluated in the PHSD/HSD approachesfrom √sNN ≈ 3 - 200 GeV which shows a high sensitivity to hadronic potentials in the FAIR/NICA energy regime √sNN ≤ 8 GeV.
Kaon Condensation and Lambda-Nucleon Loop in the Relativistic Mean-Field Approach
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tomoyuki Maruyama; Takumi Muto; Toshitaka Tatsumi; Kazuo Tsushima; Anthony W. Thomas
2005-02-24
The possibility of kaon condensation in high-density symmetric nuclear matter is investigated including both s- and p-wave kaon-baryon interactions within the relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory. Above a certain density, we have a collective K{sub s} state carrying the same quantum numbers as the antikaon. The appearance of the K{sub s} state is caused by the time component of the axial-vector interaction between kaons and baryons. It is shown that the system becomes unstable with respect to condensation of K-Kbar{sub s} pairs. We consider how the effective baryon masses affect the kaon self-energy coming from the time component of the axial-vector interaction. Also, the role of the spatial component of the axial-vector interaction on the possible existence of the collective kaonic states is discussed in connection with Lambda-mixing effects in the ground state of high-density matter. Implications of K-Kbar{sub s} condensation for high-energy heavy-ion collisions are briefly mentioned.
Kaon Condensation and Lambda-Nucleon Loop in the Relativistic Mean-Field Approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The possibility of kaon condensation in high-density symmetric nuclear matter is investigated including both s- and p-wave kaon-baryon interactions within the relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory. Above a certain density, we have a collective Ks state carrying the same quantum numbers as the antikaon. The appearance of the Ks state is caused by the time component of the axial-vector interaction between kaons and baryons. It is shown that the system becomes unstable with respect to condensation of K-Kbars pairs. We consider how the effective baryon masses affect the kaon self-energy coming from the time component of the axial-vector interaction. Also, the role of the spatial component of the axial-vector interaction on the possible existence of the collective kaonic states is discussed in connection with Lambda-mixing effects in the ground state of high-density matter. Implications of K-Kbars condensation for high-energy heavy-ion collisions are briefly mentioned
Kaon condensation and lambda-nucleon loop in the relativistic mean-field approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The possibility of kaon condensation in high-density symmetric nuclear matter is investigated including both s- and p-wave kaon-baryon interactions within the relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory. Above a certain density, we have a collective K-bar s state carrying the same quantum numbers as the antikaon. The appearance of the K-bar s state is caused by the time component of the axial-vector interaction between kaons and baryons. It is shown that the system becomes unstable with respect to condensation of K-K-bar s pairs. We consider how the effective baryon masses affect the kaon self-energy coming from the time component of the axial-vector interaction. Also, the role of the spatial component of the axial-vector interaction on the possible existence of the collective kaonic states is discussed in connection with Λ-mixing effects in the ground state of high-density matter. Implications of KK-bar s condensation for high-energy heavy-ion collisions are briefly mentioned
Directed flow in heavy-ion collisions from the PHSD transport approach
Palmese, A.; Cassing, W.
2016-01-01
Recent STAR data for the directed flow of protons, antiprotons, charged pions and kaons obtained within the beam energy scan (BES) program are analyzed within the Parton- Hadron-String-Dynamics (PHSD/HSD) transport models. Both versions of the kinetic approach are used to clarify the role of partonic degrees of freedom. The PHSD results, simulating a partonic phase and its coexistence with a hadronic one, are roughly consistent with the STAR data. Generally, the semi-qualitative agreement between the measured data and model results supports the idea of a crossover type of quark-hadron transition which softens the nuclear EoS but shows no indication of a first-order phase transition. Furthermore, the directed flow of kaons and antikaons is evaluated in the PHSD approach from √sNN ≈ 5-12 GeV which shows a high sensitivity to the hadronic potentials in the FAIR/NICA energy regime √sNN ≤⃒ 8 GeV.
Associated strangeness production at threshold
Kowina, P; Adam, H H; Budzanowski, A; Czyzykiewicz, R; Grzonka, D; Janusz, M; Jarczyk, L; Kamys, B; Khoukaz, A; Kilian, K; Lister, T A; Moskal, P; Oelert, Walter; Rozek, T; Santo, R; Schepers, G; Sefzick, T; Siemaszko, M; Smyrski, J; Steltenkamp, S; Strzalkowski, A; Winter, P; Wüstner, P; Zipper, W
2003-01-01
The associated strangeness dissociation at threshold has been studied at the COSY-11 facility measuring the hyperon - and the K+K- meson pair production. Measurements of the near threshold Lambda and Sigma0 production via the pp -> pK+ Lambda / Sigma0 reaction at COSY-11 have shown that the Lambda / Sigma0 cross section ratio exceeds the value at high excess energies (Q >= 300 MeV) by an order of magnitude. For a better understanding additional data have been taken between 13 MeV and 60 MeV excess energy. The near threshold production of the charged kaon-antikaon pair is related to the discussion about the nature of the scalar states in the 1 GeV/c^2 mass range, i.e. the f0(980) and a0(980). The interpretation as a K anti-K molecule is strongly dependent on the K anti-K interaction which can be studied via the production channel. A first total cross section value on the reaction pp -> ppK+K- at an excess energy of 17 MeV i.e. below the phi production threshold was measured.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ploskon, M.
2005-07-01
The Kaon-Spectrometer (KaoS) at the heavy-ion synchrotron (SIS) at the Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt has been used to study production and propagation of K{sup +} and K{sup -} mesons from Au+Au collisions at a kinetic beam energy of 1.5 AGeV. The azimuthal angular distributions of particles as a function of the collision centrality and particle transverse momenta have been measured. We found a dependence of the K{sup -} meson azimuthal emission pattern on the transverse momentum. The antikaons registered with p{sub t}<0.5 GeV/c are preferentially emitted in the reaction plane and the particles with p{sub t} > 0.5 GeV/c show strong out-of-plane enhancement. The emission patterns of K{sup -} can be explained in terms of two competing phenomena: one of them is indeed the influence of the attractive K{sup -}N potential, however, the second one originates from the strangeness-exchange process. (orig.)
Predictions for the Λ{sub b} → J/ψ Λ(1405) decay
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Roca, L. [Universidad de Murcia, Departamento de Fisica, Murcia (Spain); Mai, M. [Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik (Theorie), Universitaet Bonn and Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics, Bonn (Germany); Oset, E. [Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Meissner, Ulf G. [Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik (Theorie), Universitaet Bonn and Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics, Bonn (Germany); Forschungszentrum Juelich, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Institute for Advanced Simulation, Juelich Center for Hadron Physics, Juelich (Germany)
2015-05-15
We calculate the shape of the πΣ and anti KN invariant mass distributions in the Λ{sub b} → J/ψπΣ and Λ{sub b} → J/ψ anti KN decays that are dominated by the Λ(1405) resonance. The weak interaction part is the same for both processes and the hadronization into the different meson-baryon channels in the final state is given by symmetry arguments. The most important feature is the implementation of the meson-baryon final-state interaction using two chiral unitary models from different theoretical groups. Both approaches give a good description of antikaon-nucleon scattering data, the complex energy shift in kaonic hydrogen and the line shapes of πΣK in photoproduction, based on the two-pole scenario for the Λ(1405). We find that this reaction reflects more the higher mass pole and we make predictions of the line shapes and relative strength of the meson-baryon distributions in the final state. (orig.)
Kaon Condensation and Lambda-Nucleon Loop in the Relativistic Mean-Field Approach
Maruyama, T; Tatsumi, T; Tsushima, K; Thomas, A W; Maruyama, Tomoyuki; Muto, Takumi; Tatsumi, Toshitaka; Tsushima, Kazuo; Thomas, Anthony W.
2005-01-01
The possibility of kaon condensation in high-density symmetric nuclear matter is investigated including both s- and p-wave kaon-baryon interactions within the relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory. Above a certain density, we have a collective ${\\bar K}_s$ state carrying the same quantum numbers as the antikaon. The appearance of the ${\\bar K}_s$ state is caused by the time component of the axial-vector interaction between kaons and baryons. It is shown that the system becomes unstable with respect to condensation of $K$-${\\bar K}_s$ pairs. We consider how the effective baryon masses affect the kaon self-energy coming from the time component of the axial-vector interaction. Also, the role of the spatial component of the axial-vector interaction on the possible existence of the collective kaonic states is discussed in connection with $\\Lambda$-mixing effects in the ground state of high-density matter. Implications of $K{\\bar K}_s$ condensation for high-energy heavy-ion collisions are briefly mentioned.
Curceanu, C; Bazzi, M; Berucci, C; Bosnar, D; Bragadireanu, A M; Clozza, A; Cargnelli, M; D'uffizi, A; Fabbietti, L; Fiorini, C; Ghio, F; Guaraldo, C; Iliescu, M; Sandri, P Levi; Marton, J; Pietreanu, D; Lener, M Poli; Quaglia, R; Vidal, A Romero; Sbardella, E; Scordo, A; Shi, H; Sirghi, D; Sirghi, F; Skurzok, M; Tucakovic, I; Doce, O Vazquez; Widmann, E; Zmeskal, J
2015-01-01
The AMADEUS experiment aims to provide unique quality data of $K^-$ hadronic interactions in light nuclear targets, in order to solve fundamental open questions in the non-perturbative strangeness QCD sector, like the controversial nature of the $\\Lambda(1405)$ state, the yield of hyperon formation below threshold, the yield and shape of multi-nucleon $K^-$ absorption, processes which are intimately connected to the possible existence of exotic antikaon multi-nucleon clusters. AMADEUS takes advantage of the DA$\\Phi$NE collider, which provides a unique source of monochromatic low-momentum kaons and exploits the KLOE detector as an active target, in order to obtain excellent acceptance and resolution data for $K^-$ nuclear capture on H, ${}^4$He, ${}^{9}$Be and ${}^{12}$C, both at-rest and in-flight. During the second half of 2012 a successful data taking was performed with a dedicated pure carbon target implemented in the central region of KLOE, providing a high statistic sample of pure at-rest $K^-$ nuclear i...
Revisiting RG Flow for Kaon Condensation
Paeng, Won-Gi
2014-01-01
Kaon condensation in compact-star matter can be considered as a quantum critical phenomenon with the kaon mass tuned to zero by the baryon density plus the electron chemical potential that increases at the increase of the density. We approach this problem with a renormalization group flow at one loop of the system of anti-kaons considered as pseudo-Goldstone bosons coupled to nucleonic matter described as a Fermi liquid near its fixed point. While the Weinberg-Tomozawa term in chiral Lagrangians is of leading order in describing kaon-nucleon interactions in chiral perturbation theory, hence widely employed in the literature, it is irrelevant in the RG sense, therefore plays, if any, a less important role in the condensation process. The consequence is that the $\\Lambda (1405)$ resonance which is driven by the Weinberg-Tomozawa term is irrelevant for triggering kaon condensation. On the contrary, the $KN$ sigma term $\\Sigma_{KN}$, subleading in chiral counting, can play a more crucial role in renormalization g...
A model-independent analysis of final-state interactions in \\bar B_{d/s}^0 --> J/psi pi pi
Daub, J T; Kubis, B
2015-01-01
Exploiting $B$-meson decays for Standard Model tests and beyond requires a precise understanding of the strong final-state interactions that can be provided model-independently by means of dispersion theory. This formalism allows one to deduce the universal pion-pion final-state interactions from the accurately known $\\pi\\pi$ phase shifts and, in the scalar sector, a coupled-channel treatment with the kaon-antikaon system. In this work an analysis of the decays $\\bar B_d^0 \\to J/\\psi \\pi^+\\pi^-$ and $\\bar B_s^0 \\to J/\\psi \\pi^+\\pi^-$ is presented. We find very good agreement with the data up to 1.05 GeV with a number of parameters reduced significantly compared to a phenomenological analysis. In addition, the phases of the amplitudes are correct by construction, a crucial feature when it comes to studies of $CP$ violation in heavy-meson decays.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The excited hyperon Λ(1405) is the important building block for kaonic nuclei which are a nuclear many-body system with anti-kaons. We have been investigating the Λ(1405) resonance with the coupled-channel Complex Scaling Method (ccCSM) in which the Λ(1405) is treated as a hadron-molecular state of a K¯N–πΣ coupled system. We use a K¯N(–πY) potential based on the chiral SU(3) theory. In this article, we report the double-pole nature of the Λ(1405), which is a characteristic property predicted by many studies with chiral SU(3)-based models. With the help of the complex-range Gaussian basis in ccCSM, we have found successfully another pole besides a pole near the K¯N threshold (called higher pole) which was found in our previous work with the real-range Gaussian basis. The new pole (called lower pole) is found far below K¯N threshold: (M,−Γ/2)=(1395,−138) MeV when fπ=110 MeV. In spite of so broad width of the lower-pole state, the state is clearly identified with good separation from continuum states, since the oscillatory behavior of the continuum states is improved owing to the complex-range Gaussian basis. Analyzing the ccCSM wave function of the lower pole, we have revealed explicitly that the lower-pole state is dominated by the πΣ component rather than the K¯N component. We have confirmed that the ccCSM wave function is correctly connected to the asymptotic form of the resonance wave function. Estimating the meson–baryon mean distance for the lower-pole state which involves a large decay width, the obtained value has a large imaginary part comparable to a real part. Therefore, the mean-distance of the lower-pole state is difficult to be interpreted intuitively. Such a nature of the lower pole is different from that of the higher pole. In addition, we have investigated the origin of the appearance of the lower pole. The lower pole is confirmed to be generated by the energy dependence attributed to the chiral dynamics, by comparing the
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Doté, A., E-mail: dote@post.kek.jp [KEK Theory Center, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies (IPNS), High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); J-PARC Branch, KEK Theory Center, IPNS, KEK, 203-1 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106 (Japan); Myo, T. [General Education, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Institute of Technology, Osaka 535-8585 (Japan); Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, Ibaraki 567-0047 (Japan)
2014-10-15
The excited hyperon Λ(1405) is the important building block for kaonic nuclei which are a nuclear many-body system with anti-kaons. We have been investigating the Λ(1405) resonance with the coupled-channel Complex Scaling Method (ccCSM) in which the Λ(1405) is treated as a hadron-molecular state of a K{sup ¯}N–πΣ coupled system. We use a K{sup ¯}N(–πY) potential based on the chiral SU(3) theory. In this article, we report the double-pole nature of the Λ(1405), which is a characteristic property predicted by many studies with chiral SU(3)-based models. With the help of the complex-range Gaussian basis in ccCSM, we have found successfully another pole besides a pole near the K{sup ¯}N threshold (called higher pole) which was found in our previous work with the real-range Gaussian basis. The new pole (called lower pole) is found far below K{sup ¯}N threshold: (M,−Γ/2)=(1395,−138) MeV when f{sub π}=110 MeV. In spite of so broad width of the lower-pole state, the state is clearly identified with good separation from continuum states, since the oscillatory behavior of the continuum states is improved owing to the complex-range Gaussian basis. Analyzing the ccCSM wave function of the lower pole, we have revealed explicitly that the lower-pole state is dominated by the πΣ component rather than the K{sup ¯}N component. We have confirmed that the ccCSM wave function is correctly connected to the asymptotic form of the resonance wave function. Estimating the meson–baryon mean distance for the lower-pole state which involves a large decay width, the obtained value has a large imaginary part comparable to a real part. Therefore, the mean-distance of the lower-pole state is difficult to be interpreted intuitively. Such a nature of the lower pole is different from that of the higher pole. In addition, we have investigated the origin of the appearance of the lower pole. The lower pole is confirmed to be generated by the energy dependence attributed to the