Antiferromagnetic exchange and spin-fluctuation pairing in cuprate superconductors
Plakida, Nikolay M.
2006-01-01
A microscopic theory of superconductivity is formulated within an effective p-d Hubbard model for a CuO2 plane. By applying the Mori-type projection technique, the Dyson equation is derived for the Green functions in terms of Hubbard operators. The antiferromagnetic exchange caused by interband hopping results in pairing of all carries in the conduction subband and high Tc proportional to the Fermi energy. Kinematic interaction in intraband hopping is responsible for the conventional spin-fluctuation pairing. Numerical solution of the gap equation proves the d-wave gap symmetry and defines Tc doping dependence. Oxygen isotope shift and pressure dependence of Tc are also discussed.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JI An-Chun; TIAN Guang-Shan
2006-01-01
In the present paper, we calculate the Gaussian correction to the critical value Jc⊥ caused by quantum spin fluctuation in a two-dimensional spatially anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet with integer spin S. Previously, someauthors computed this quantity by the mean-field theory based on the Schwinger boson representation of spin operators.However, for S = 1, their result is much less than the one derived by numerical calculations. By taking the effect ofquantum spin fluctuation into consideration, we are able to produce a greatly improved result.
Antiferromagnetic spin-orbitronics
Manchon, Aurelien
2015-05-01
Antiferromagnets have long remained an intriguing and exotic state of matter, whose application has been restricted to enabling interfacial exchange bias in metallic and tunneling spin-valves [1]. Their role in the expanding field of applied spintronics has been mostly passive and the in-depth investigation of their basic properties mostly considered from a fundamental perspective.
A spin-1 kagome antiferromagnet
Tovar, Mayra; Shtengel, Kirill; Refael, Gil
2010-03-01
We study a spin-1 antiferromagnet on the kagom'e lattice. We start by constructing a Klein-type SU(2) symmetric Hamiltonian which contains Heisenberg interactions between nearest and next-nearest neighbors as well as three-body terms. Our model Hamiltonian has an extensive degenerate ground state whose manifold is spanned by the AKLT-like valence bond states. We also perturb the parent Hamiltonian by introducing an enhancement to the nearest neighbor antiferromagnetic Heisenberg interactions. By projecting this perturbation onto the basis spanned by the unperturbed ground states, we derive an effective Hamiltonian which is dual to that of the transverse field antiferromagnetic Ising model on the triangular lattice. Based on the parameters of our model, we find it to be in the order-by-disorder phase. The ground state is a valence bond crystal stabilized by quantum fluctuations. We also discuss excitations, both magnetic and non-magnetic, and address their possible relevance to experiment.
Antiferromagnetic spin Seebeck effect.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wu, Stephen M.; Zhang, Wei; KC, Amit; Borisov, Pavel; Pearson, John E.; Jiang, J. Samuel; Lederman, David; Hoffmann, Axel; Bhattacharya, Anand
2016-03-03
We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF2. A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF2 (110) (30nm)/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF2(110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF2 through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2–80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in the spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9T) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF2 thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.
Antiferromagnetic Spin Seebeck Effect
Wu, Stephen M.; Zhang, Wei; KC, Amit; Borisov, Pavel; Pearson, John E.; Jiang, J. Samuel; Lederman, David; Hoffmann, Axel; Bhattacharya, Anand
2016-03-01
We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF2 . A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF2 (110) (30 nm )/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF2 (110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF2 through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2-80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in the spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9 T ) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF2 thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.
Spin Dynamics and Critical Fluctuations in a Two-Dimensional Random Antiferromagnet
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Als-Nielsen, Jens Aage; Birgeneau, R. J.; Guggenheim, H. J.
1975-01-01
A comprehensive elastic- and inelastic-neutron-scattering study of the binary mixed antiferromagnet Rb2Mn0.5Ni0.5F4 has been carried out. The pure materials, Rb2MnF4 and Rb2NiF4 are [2d] near-Heisenberg antiferromagnets of the K2NiF4 type. Elastic-scattering experiments demonstrate that the Mn...
Antiferromagnetic spin Seebeck Effect
Wu, SM; W. Zhang; Kc, A; Borisov, P.; Pearson, JE; Jiang, JS; Lederman, D.; Hoffmann, A.; Bhattacharya, A
2015-01-01
We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF_{2}. A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF_{2} (110) (30 nm)/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF_{2} (110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF_{2} through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2-80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop t...
Direct measurement of antiferromagnetic domain fluctuations.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shpyrko, O. G.; Isaacs, E. D.; Logan, J. M.; Feng, Y.; Aeppli, G.; Jaramillo, R.; Kim, H. C.; Rosenbaum, T. F.; Zschack, P.; Sprung, M.; Narayanan, S.; Sandy, A.; Univ. of Chicago; Univ. College London
2007-05-03
Measurements of magnetic noise emanating from ferromagnets owing to domain motion were first carried out nearly 100 years ago1, and have underpinned much science and technology2, 3. Antiferromagnets, which carry no net external magnetic dipole moment, yet have a periodic arrangement of the electron spins extending over macroscopic distances, should also display magnetic noise. However, this must be sampled at spatial wavelengths of the order of several interatomic spacings, rather than the macroscopic scales characteristic of ferromagnets. Here we present a direct measurement of the fluctuations in the nanometer-scale superstructure of spin- and charge-density waves associated with antiferromagnetism in elemental chromium. The technique used is X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy, where coherent X-ray diffraction produces a speckle pattern that serves as a 'fingerprint' of a particular magnetic domain configuration. The temporal evolution of the patterns corresponds to domain walls advancing and retreating over micrometer distances. This work demonstrates a useful measurement tool for antiferromagnetic domain wall engineering, but also reveals a fundamental finding about spin dynamics in the simplest antiferromagnet: although the domain wall motion is thermally activated at temperatures above 100 K, it is not so at lower temperatures, and indeed has a rate that saturates at a finite value--consistent with quantum fluctuations--on cooling below 40 K.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V.M. Loktev
2008-09-01
Full Text Available We analyze the spectral properties of a phenomenological model for a weakly doped two-dimensional antiferromagnet, in which the carriers move within one of the two sublattices where they were introduced. Such a constraint results in the free carrier spectra with the maxima at k=(± π/2 , ± π/2 observed in some cuprates. We consider the spectral properties of the model by taking into account fluctuations of the spins in the antiferromagnetic background. We show that such fluctuations lead to a non-pole-like structure of the single-hole Green's function and these fluctuations can be responsible for some anomalous "strange metal" properties of underdoped cuprates in the nonsuperconducting regime.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Niels Bech
polarized multimagnon excitations is discovered at energies above the single-magnon branch. At low energies, the findings are well described bylinear spin wave theory. At high energies, linear spin wave theory fails and instead the data are very well accounted for by state-of-the-art Quantum Monte Carlo......Time-of-flight and polarized triple axis neutron scattering is used to probe the spin excitations of Cu(DCOO)_2_·_4D_2O and La_2_-_xSr_xCuO_4. The first part of the thesis contains an investigation of the excitation spectrum of the square lattice S = 1/2Heisenberg antiferromagnet Cu(DCOO)_2_·_4D_2O...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bech Christensen, N
2005-01-01
Time-of-flight and polarized triple axis neutron scattering is used to probe the spin excitations of Cu(DCOO){sub 2}x4D{sub 2}O and La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4}. The first part of the thesis contains an investigation of the excitation spectrum of the square lattice S = 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet Cu(DCOO){sub 2}4D{sub 2}O. Along the antiferromagnetic zone boundary a pronounced intensity variation is found for the dominant single-magnon excitations. This variation tracks an already known zone boundary dispersion. Using polarization analysis to separate the components of the excitation spectrum, a continuum of longitudinally polarized multimagnon excitations is discovered at energies above the single-magnon branch. At low energies, the findings are well described by linear spin wave theory. At high energies, linear spin wave theory fails and instead the data are very well accounted for by state-of-the-art Quantum Monte Carlo computations. In the second part of the thesis, the spin excitation spectra of the high temperature superconductors La{sub 1.90}Sr{sub 0.10}CuO{sub 4} and La{sub 1.84}Sr{sub 0.16}Cu characterized. The main discovery is that the excitations are dispersive at both doping levels. The dispersion strongly resembles that seen in other high-T{sub c} superconductors. The presence of dispersive excitations does not require superconductivity to exist. For La{sub 1.84}Sr{sub 0.16}CuO{sub 4}, but not for La{sub 1.90}Sr{sub 0.10}CuO{sub 4}, the onset superconductivity gives rise to a spectral weight shift which displays qualitative and quantitative similarities to the resonance mode observed in other high-T{sub c} superconductors. (au)
Yamamoto, A.; Wada, S.; Matsumura, T.
2007-03-01
To elucidate from a microscopic point of view the initial evolution of spin fluctuations in TmTe from the semiconducting state at ambient pressure with an antiferroquadrupole ordering (TQ=1.8 K) to the intermediate-valence metallic state at high pressures P⩾2 GPa with a ferromagnetic (FM) ordering (TC≃14 K), we have carried out 125Te-NMR study at pressures P=0 and 0.9 GPa. The spin-lattice relaxation rate measurements revealed a pronounced increase of the staggered susceptibility below T*≃14 K, in addition to the Curie-Weiss-type increase of the uniform susceptibility. Below ˜T*, a wipe-out decrease of the NMR intensity and the finding of an unconventional NMR signal around ˜10 MHz that is insensitive to applied field lead to the conclusion that a field-induced short-range FM ordering caused by the competition of FM and antiferromagnetic fluctuations takes place. Pressure of 0.9 GPa hardly affects the anomalous NMR behaviors below ˜T*, leading to speculate that the short-range FM ordering in the semiconducting state shares the origin with the long-range FM ordering at ≃14 K in the high-pressure metallic state.
Paramagnetic and Antiferromagnetic Spin Seebeck Effect
Wu, Stephen
We report on the observation of the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect in both antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic insulators. By using a microscale on-chip local heater, it is possible to generate a large thermal gradient confined to the chip surface without a large increase in the total sample temperature. This technique allows us to easily access low temperatures (200 mK) and high magnetic fields (14 T) through conventional dilution refrigeration and superconducting magnet setups. By exploring this regime, we detect the spin Seebeck effect through the spin-flop transition in antiferromagnetic MnF2 when a large magnetic field (>9 T) is applied along the easy axis direction. Using the same technique, we are also able to resolve a spin Seebeck effect from the paramagnetic phase of geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet Gd3Ga5O12 (gadolinium gallium garnet) and antiferromagnetic DyScO3 (DSO). Since these measurements occur above the ordering temperatures of these two materials, short-range magnetic order is implicated as the cause of the spin Seebeck effect in these systems. The discovery of the spin Seebeck effect in these two materials classes suggest that both antiferromagnetic spin waves and spin excitations from short range magnetic order may be used to generate spin current from insulators and that the spin wave spectra of individual materials are highly important to the specifics of the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect. Since insulating antiferromagnets and paramagnets are far more common than the typical insulating ferrimagnetic materials used in spin Seebeck experiments, this discovery opens up a large new class of materials for use in spin caloritronic devices. All authors acknowledge support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Materials Sciences and Engineering Division. The use of facilities at the Center for Nanoscale Materials, was supported by the U.S. DOE, BES under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
Spin injection and absorption in antiferromagnets (Conference Presentation)
Frangou, Lamprini; Merodio, Pablo; Ghosh, Abhijit; Oyarzun, Simon; Auffret, Stephane; Ebels, Ursula; Chshiev, Mair; Bea, Helene; Vila, Laurent; Bailey, William E.; Gambarelli, Serge; Baltz, Vincent
2016-10-01
The antiferromagnetic order is expected to have a high potential in next-generation spintronic applications. It is resistant to perturbation by magnetic fields, produces no stray fields, displays ultrafast dynamics and may generate large magneto-transport effects. In spintronic materials, spin currents are key to unravelling spin dependent transport phenomena. Here, spin pumping results from the non-equilibrium magnetization dynamics of a ferromagnetic spin injector, which pumps a spin current into an adjacent spin sink. This spin sink absorbs the current to an extent which depends on its spin-dependent properties. The properties of the spin sink can be recorded either through the changes induced in ferromagnetic damping or through direct electrical means, such as by measuring the inverse spin Hall voltage. In this talk, we will deal with the injection of a spin current in thin antiferromagnetic sinks. Measurements of the spin penetration depths and absorption mechanisms were obtained for polycrystalline Ir20Mn80 and Fe50Mn50 films (Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 032406 (2014)). More interestingly, spins propagate more efficiently in layers where the magnetic order is fluctuating rather than static. The experimental data were compared to some of the recently developed theories and converted into interfacial spin mixing conductance enhancements. These findings help us progress towards the development of more efficient spin sources, while also providing an alternative method to probe magnetic phase transitions (Phys. Rev. Lett. in press (2016)). This type of alternative method is particularly needed to deal with the case of thin materials with no net magnetic moments, such as thin antiferromagnets.
Antiferromagnetic domain wall motion driven by spin-orbit torques
Shiino, Takayuki; Oh, Se-Hyeok; Haney, Paul M.; Lee, Seo-Won; Go, Gyungchoon; Park, Byong-Guk; Lee, Kyung-Jin
2016-01-01
We theoretically investigate dynamics of antiferromagnetic domain walls driven by spin-orbit torques in antiferromagnet/heavy metal bilayers. We show that spin-orbit torques drive antiferromagnetic domain walls much faster than ferromagnetic domain walls. As the domain wall velocity approaches the maximum spin-wave group velocity, the domain wall undergoes Lorentz contraction and emits spin-waves in the terahertz frequency range. The interplay between spin-orbit torques and the relativistic dynamics of antiferromagnetic domain walls leads to the efficient manipulation of antiferromagnetic spin textures and paves the way for the generation of high frequency signals from antiferromagnets. PMID:27588878
Spin transfer in antiferromagnets (Conference Presentation)
Moriyama, Takahiro
2016-10-01
Since antiferromagnets (AFMs) have no spontaneous magnetization unlike ferromagnetic materials, it is not easy to manipulate the magnetic moments in AFMs by external magnetic field. However, recent theoretical studies suggest that it is possible to manipulate the magnetization in AFMs by spin-transfer-torque in a similar manner to ferromagnetic materials. In this study, we perform spin-toque ferromagnetic resonance (ST-FMR) measurements on FeNi/NiO/Pt multilayers to experimentally investigate the interaction between the spin current and the magnetic moments of antiferromagnetic NiO. The spin current is injected to the NiO by the spin Hall effect in Pt. The monotonous change in the FMR linewidth of this system with respect to the spin current can be interpreted in a way that the spin current is transferred through the NiO and interacts with the FeNi. This intriguing spin current transport can be explained by the angular momentum transfer mediated by the antiferromagnetic magnons. The results assure that the spin current exerts a torque on the NiO magnetic moments and excites their dynamics. In the talk, recent results will be also discussed.
Electric probe for spin transition and fluctuation
Qiu, Zhiyong; Li, Jia; Hou, Dazhi; Arenholz, Elke; N'diaye, Alpha T.; Tan, Ali; Uchida, Ken-Ichi; Sato, Koji; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslov; Qiu, Z. Q.; Saitoh, Eiji
Spin fluctuation and transition have always been one of central topics of magnetism and condense matter science. To probe them, neutron scatterings have been used as powerful tools. A part of neutrons injected into a sample is scattered by spin fluctuation inside the sample. This process transcribes the spin fluctuation onto scattering intensity, which is commonly represented by dynamical magnetic susceptibility of the sample and is maximized at magnetic phase transitions. Importantly, a neutron carries spin without electric charge, and it thus can bring spin into a sample without being disturbed by electric energy: an advantage of neutrons, although large facilities such as a nuclear reactor is necessary. Here we show that spin pumping, frequently used in nanoscale spintronic devices, provides a desktop micro probe for spin fluctuation and transition; not only a neutron beam, spin current is also a flux of spin without an electric charge and its transport reflects spin fluctuation in a sample. We demonstrate detection of anti-ferromagnetic transition in ultra-thin CoO films via frequency dependent spin-current transmission measurements.
Spin-Mechanical Inertia in Antiferromagnet
2016-01-01
The conservation of angular momentum has served as a guiding principle in the coupled dynamics of quantum spins and mechanical rotations. However, in an antiferromagnet with vanishing magnetization, new fundamental rules are required to properly describe spin-mechanical phenomena. Here we demonstrate that the Neel order dynamics affects the mechanical motion of a rigid body by modifying its inertia tensor in the presence of strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. This effect depends on temperat...
Order by virtual crystal field fluctuations in pyrochlore XY antiferromagnets
Rau, Jeffrey G.; Petit, Sylvain; Gingras, Michel J. P.
2016-05-01
Conclusive evidence of order by disorder is scarce in real materials. Perhaps one of the strongest cases presented has been for the pyrochlore XY antiferromagnet Er2Ti2O7 , with the ground state selection proceeding by order by disorder induced through the effects of quantum fluctuations. This identification assumes the smallness of the effect of virtual crystal field fluctuations that could provide an alternative route to picking the ground state. Here we show that this order by virtual crystal field fluctuations is not only significant, but competitive with the effects of quantum fluctuations. Further, we argue that higher-multipolar interactions that are generically present in rare-earth magnets can dramatically enhance this effect. From a simplified bilinear-biquadratic model of these multipolar interactions, we show how the virtual crystal field fluctuations manifest in Er2Ti2O7 using a combination of strong-coupling perturbation theory and the random-phase approximation. We find that the experimentally observed ψ2 state is indeed selected and the experimentally measured excitation gap can be reproduced when the bilinear and biquadratic couplings are comparable while maintaining agreement with the entire experimental spin-wave excitation spectrum. Finally, we comment on possible tests of this scenario and discuss implications for other order-by-disorder candidates in rare-earth magnets.
Spin-transfer torque induced spin waves in antiferromagnetic insulators
Daniels, Matthew; Guo, Wei; Stocks, G. Malcolm; Xiao, Di; Xiao, Jiang
2015-03-01
We explore the possibility of exciting spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic films by injecting spin current at the surface. We analyze both magnetically compensated and uncompensated interfaces. We find that the spin current induced spin-transfer torque can excite spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic materials and that the chirality of the excited spin wave is determined by the polarization of the injected spin current. Furthermore, the presence of magnetic surface anisotropy can greatly increase the accessibility of these excitations. Supported by NSF EFRI-1433496 (M.W.D), U.S. DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering (D.X. & G.M.S.), Major State Basic Research Project of China and National Natural Science Foundation of China (W.G. and J.X.).
Anisotropic magnetic fluctuations in 3-k antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Caciuffo, R. [European Commission, Joint Research Center, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Postfach 2340, Karlsruhe D-76125 (Germany)]. E-mail: roberto.caciuffo@ec.europa.eu; Magnani, N. [European Commission, Joint Research Center, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Postfach 2340, Karlsruhe D-76125 (Germany); Istituto dei Materiali per l' Elettronica ed il Magnetismo, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, I-43010 Fontanini (PR) (Italy); Santini, P. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Parma, Viale G. P. Usberti 7/A, I-43100 Parma (Italy); Carretta, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Parma, Viale G. P. Usberti 7/A, I-43100 Parma (Italy); Amoretti, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Parma, Viale G. P. Usberti 7/A, I-43100 Parma (Italy); Blackburn, E. [European Commission, Joint Research Center, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Postfach 2340, Karlsruhe D-76125 (Germany); Institute Laue-Langevin, Boite Postal 156-X, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex (France); Enderle, M. [Institute Laue-Langevin, Boite Postal 156-X, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex (France); Brown, P.J. [Institute Laue-Langevin, Boite Postal 156-X, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex (France); Lander, G.H. [European Commission, Joint Research Center, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Postfach 2340, Karlsruhe D-76125 (Germany)
2007-03-15
The anisotropy of magnetic fluctuations propagating along the high-symmetry directions in cubic systems with 3-k magnetic order is analyzed within the random-phase approximation assuming anisotropic exchange interactions. Both transverse and longitudinal structures are considered, with reference to the UO{sub 2} and USb compounds, respectively. In the case of UO{sub 2}, the spin-waves polarizations calculated for acoustic and optical branches are favorably compared with three-dimensional polarization analysis experiments carried out on a triple axis spectrometer. The overall spin-waves polarization behavior emerges as a consequence of the 3-k nature of the magnetic order, whatever the strength of the exchange coupling assumed.
Spin Transport in Ferromagnetic and Antiferromagnetic Textures
Akosa, Collins A.
2016-12-07
In this dissertation, we provide an accurate description of spin transport in magnetic textures and in particular, we investigate in detail, the nature of spin torque and magnetic damping in such systems. Indeed, as will be further discussed in this thesis, the current-driven velocity of magnetic textures is related to the ratio between the so-called non-adiabatic torque and magnetic damping. Uncovering the physics underlying these phenomena can lead to the optimal design of magnetic systems with improved efficiency. We identified three interesting classes of systems which have attracted enormous research interest (i) Magnetic textures in systems with broken inversion symmetry: We investigate the nature of magnetic damping in non-centrosymmetric ferromagnets. Based on phenomenological and microscopic derivations, we show that the magnetic damping becomes chiral, i.e. depends on the chirality of the magnetic texture. (ii) Ferromagnetic domain walls, skyrmions and vortices: We address the physics of spin transport in sharp disordered magnetic domain walls and vortex cores. We demonstrate that upon spin-independent scattering, the non-adiabatic torque can be significantly enhanced. Such an enhancement is large for vortex cores compared to transverse domain walls. We also show that the topological spin currents owing in these structures dramatically enhances the non-adiabaticity, an effect unique to non-trivial topological textures (iii) Antiferromagnetic skyrmions: We extend this study to antiferromagnetic skyrmions and show that such an enhanced topological torque also exist in these systems. Even more interestingly, while such a non-adiabatic torque inuences the undesirable transverse velocity of ferromagnetic skyrmions, in antiferromagnetic skyrmions, the topological non-adiabatic torque directly determines the longitudinal velocity. As a consequence, scaling down the antiferromagnetic skyrmion results in a much more efficient spin torque.
High-Tc spin superfluidity in antiferromagnets.
Bunkov, Yu M; Alakshin, E M; Gazizulin, R R; Klochkov, A V; Kuzmin, V V; L'vov, V S; Tagirov, M S
2012-04-27
We report the observation of the unusual behavior of induction decay signals in antiferromagnetic monocrystals with Suhl-Nakamura interactions. The signals show the formation of the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of magnons and the existence of spin supercurrent, in complete analogy with the spin superfluidity in the superfluid (3)He and the atomic BEC of quantum gases. In the experiments described here, the temperature of the magnon BEC is a thousand times larger than in the superfluid (3)He. It opens a possibility to apply the spin supercurrent for various magnetic spintronics applications.
Transformation of spin current by antiferromagnetic insulators
Khymyn, Roman; Lisenkov, Ivan; Tiberkevich, Vasil S.; Slavin, Andrei N.; Ivanov, Boris A.
2016-06-01
It is demonstrated theoretically that a thin layer of an anisotropic antiferromagnetic (AFM) insulator can effectively conduct spin current through the excitation of a pair of evanescent AFM spin wave modes. The spin current flowing through the AFM is not conserved due to the interaction between the excited AFM modes and the AFM lattice and, depending on the excitation conditions, can be either attenuated or enhanced. When the phase difference between the excited evanescent modes is close to π /2 , there is an optimum AFM thickness for which the output spin current reaches a maximum, which can significantly exceed the magnitude of the input spin current. The spin current transfer through the AFM depends on the ambient temperature and increases substantially when temperature approaches the Néel temperature of the AFM layer.
Spin structures in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brok, Erik
in aqueous suspension was controlled by a hydrothermal treatment and by changing the ionic strenght of the suspension. Interestingly addition of NaCl to the suspension resulted in the particles aggregating in long linear chains, with neighbouring particles aligned along a common [001] axis of the hexagonal......, proposed to explain the unusual magnetic properties of the mineral. In summary the thesis have demonstrated methods for investigation of spin structures in magnetic nanoparticles. In particular, the classical model of the temperature dependence of canted spin structures sucessfully explains many...
Spin Seebeck Effect Signals from Antiferromagnets
Prakash, Arati; Brangham, Jack; Yang, Fengyuan; Heremans, Joseph
The Longitudinal Spin Seebeck Effect (LSSE), in which a heat current stimulates spin propagation across an interface between a magnetic material and a normal metal, is well established and observed in ferromagnetic systems. Data have been presented indicating that antiferromagnetic systems could also give rise to LSSE signals. We report here on LSSE signal measured on the Pt/NiO/YIG structure, where NiO is an antiferromagnet. This system is reported to exhibit antiferromagnonic transport. We explore the dependence of the signal on the thickness of the NiO and YIG layers. We also report its temperature dependence, which was not explored before. The results are interpreted in terms of the temperature dependence of the magnon density of states. It appears that magnon modes with energies below about 40 K are most involved in the process, as was the case to the LSSE on YIG itself. Preliminary results using other antiferromagnets and other inverse spin-Hall layers look promising and will also be reported Work supported by ARO- MURI W911NF-14-1-0016.
Antiferromagnetic spin wave and the superconductivity
Koh, Shun-ichiro
2000-07-01
The neutron scattering of UPd 2Al 3 showed that a sharp peak, which is absent in the normal phase, appears in the superconducting phase (Metoki et al., J. Phys. Soc. Japan 66 (1997) 2560; Bernhoeft et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 (1998) 4244). Assuming this excitation to be an antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin-wave, this paper deals with its enhancement by the superconductivity. Applying the slave-boson formalism, we consider the AFM ordering as a spin-density-wave (Koh, Phys. Lett. A 253 (1999) 98). Above Tc, the spin-wave suffers an energy dissipation due to the conduction electron. Below Tc, the superconductivity suppresses the dissipation, resulting in the growth of the AFM spin-wave.
Sekine, Akihiko; Nomura, Kentaro
2016-03-04
We search for dynamical magnetoelectric phenomena in three-dimensional correlated systems with spin-orbit coupling. We focus on the antiferromagnetic insulator phases where the dynamical axion field is realized by the fluctuation of the antiferromagnetic order parameter. It is shown that the dynamical chiral magnetic effect, an alternating current generation by magnetic fields, emerges due to such time dependences of the order parameter as antiferromagnetic resonance. It is also shown that the anomalous Hall effect arises due to such spatial variations of the order parameter as antiferromagnetic domain walls. Our study indicates that spin excitations in antiferromagnetic insulators with spin-orbit coupling can result in nontrivial charge responses. Moreover, observing the chiral magnetic effect and anomalous Hall effect in our system is equivalent to detecting the dynamical axion field in condensed matter.
High-field spin dynamics of antiferromagnetic quantum spin chains
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Enderle, M.; Regnault, L.P.; Broholm, C.;
2000-01-01
The characteristic internal order of macroscopic quantum ground states in one-dimensional spin systems is usually not directly accessible, but reflected in the spin dynamics and the field dependence of the magnetic excitations. In high magnetic fields quantum phase transitions are expected. We...... present recent work on the high-field spin dynamics of the S = I antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains NENP (Haldane ground state) and CsNiCl3 (quasi-1D HAF close to the quantum critical point), the uniform S = 1/2 chain CTS, and the spin-Peierls system CuGeO3. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B,V. All rights...
Spin dynamics in geometrically frustrated antiferromagnetic pyrochlores
Gardner, J. S.; Ehlers, G.; Bramwell, S. T.; Gaulin, B. D.
2004-03-01
We have studied the spin dynamics of several antiferromagnetic pyrochlore oxides. These magnets are geometrically frustrated and only reach their ground states at temperatures much lower than that expected from mean field theory. Here we present data on the magnetic nature, especially the spin dynamics of Tb2Ti2O7, Gd2Ti2O7 and Y2Mo2O7. In these systems the ground states are found to be very different. Y2Mo2O7 freezes completely into a spin glass-like state, Tb2Ti2O7 is a cooperative paramagnetic and remains dynamic down to 15 mK and Gd2Ti2O7 enters a unique partially ordered state at {\\sim }1 K.
Anisotropic spin model of strong spin-orbit-coupled triangular antiferromagnets
Li, Yao-Dong; Wang, Xiaoqun; Chen, Gang
2016-07-01
Motivated by the recent experimental progress on the strong spin-orbit-coupled rare-earth triangular antiferromagnet, we analyze the highly anisotropic spin model that describes the interaction between the spin-orbit-entangled Kramers' doublet local moments on the triangular lattice. We apply the Luttinger-Tisza method, the classical Monte Carlo simulation, and the self-consistent spin wave theory to analyze the anisotropic spin Hamiltonian. The classical phase diagram includes the 120∘ state and two distinct stripe-ordered phases. The frustration is very strong and significantly suppresses the ordering temperature in the regimes close to the phase boundary between two ordered phases. Going beyond the semiclassical analysis, we include the quantum fluctuations of the spin moments within a self-consistent Dyson-Maleev spin-wave treatment. We find that the strong quantum fluctuations melt the magnetic order in the frustrated regions. We explore the magnetic excitations in the three different ordered phases as well as in strong magnetic fields. Our results provide a guidance for the future theoretical study of the generic model and are broadly relevant for strong spin-orbit-coupled triangular antiferromagnets such as YbMgGaO4, RCd3P3 , RZn3P3 , RCd3As3 , RZn3As3 , and R2O2CO3 .
Nonequilibrium antiferromagnetic mixed-spin Ising model.
Godoy, Mauricio; Figueiredo, Wagner
2002-09-01
We studied an antiferromagnetic mixed-spin Ising model on the square lattice subject to two competing stochastic processes. The model system consists of two interpenetrating sublattices of spins sigma=1/2 and S=1, and we take only nearest neighbor interactions between pairs of spins. The system is in contact with a heat bath at temperature T, and the exchange of energy with the heat bath occurs via one-spin flip (Glauber dynamics). Besides, the system interacts with an external agency of energy, which supplies energy to it whenever two nearest neighboring spins are simultaneously flipped. By employing Monte Carlo simulations and a dynamical pair approximation, we found the phase diagram for the stationary states of the model in the plane temperature T versus the competition parameter between one- and two-spin flips p. We observed the appearance of three distinct phases, that are separated by continuous transition lines. We also determined the static critical exponents along these lines and we showed that this nonequilibrium model belongs to the universality class of the two-dimensional equilibrium Ising model.
Spin transport through the metallic antiferromagnet FeMn
Saglam, H.; Zhang, W.; Jungfleisch, M. B.; Sklenar, J.; Pearson, J. E.; Ketterson, J. B.; Hoffmann, A.
2016-10-01
We investigate spin transport through metallic antiferromagnets using measurements based on spin pumping combined with inverse spin Hall effects in N i80F e20/FeMn /W trilayers. The relatively large magnitude and opposite sign of spin Hall effects in W compared to FeMn enable an unambiguous detection of spin currents transmitted through the entire FeMn layer thickness. Using this approach we can detect two distinctively different spin transport regimes, which we associate with electronic and magnonic spin currents, respectively. The latter can extend to relatively large distances (≈9 nm) and is enhanced when the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature is close to the measurement temperature.
Dynamics of antiferromagnetic skyrmion driven by the spin Hall effect
Jin, Chendong; Song, Chengkun; Wang, Jianbo; Liu, Qingfang
2016-10-01
Magnetic skyrmion moved by the spin-Hall effect is promising for the application of the generation racetrack memories. However, the Magnus force causes a deflected motion of skyrmion, which limits its application. Here, we create an antiferromagnetic skyrmion by injecting a spin-polarized pulse in the nanostripe and investigate the spin Hall effect-induced motion of antiferromagnetic skyrmion by micromagnetic simulations. In contrast to ferromagnetic skyrmion, we find that the antiferromagnetic skyrmion has three evident advantages: (i) the minimum driving current density of antiferromagnetic skyrmion is about two orders smaller than the ferromagnetic skyrmion; (ii) the velocity of the antiferromagnetic skyrmion is about 57 times larger than the ferromagnetic skyrmion driven by the same value of current density; (iii) antiferromagnetic skyrmion can be driven by the spin Hall effect without the influence of Magnus force. In addition, antiferromagnetic skyrmion can move around the pinning sites due to its property of topological protection. Our results present the understanding of antiferromagnetic skyrmion motion driven by the spin Hall effect and may also contribute to the development of antiferromagnetic skyrmion-based racetrack memories.
Giant electrothermal conductivity and spin-phonon coupling in an antiferromagnetic oxide.
Chiorescu, C; Neumeier, J J; Cohn, J L
2008-12-19
The application of weak electric fields ( less, similar 100 V/cm) is found to dramatically enhance the lattice thermal conductivity of the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3 over a broad range of temperature about the Néel ordering point (125 K). The effect is coincident with field-induced detrapping of bound electrons, suggesting that phonon scattering associated with short- and long-ranged antiferromagnetic order is suppressed in the presence of the mobilized charge. This interplay between bound charge and spin-phonon coupling might allow for the reversible control of spin fluctuations using weak external fields.
Spin Hall magnetoresistance in antiferromagnet/normal metal bilayers
Manchon, Aurelien
2017-01-01
We investigate the emergence of spin Hall magnetoresistance in a magnetic bilayer composed of a normal metal adjacent to an antiferromagnet. Based on a recently derived drift diffusion equation, we show that the resistance of the bilayer depends on the relative angle between the direction transverse to the current flow and the Néel order parameter. While this effect presents striking similarities with the spin Hall magnetoresistance recently reported in ferromagnetic bilayers, its physical origin is attributed to the anisotropic spin relaxation of itinerant spins in the antiferromagnet.
Bao, Wei; Broholm, C.; Aeppli, G.; Carter, S. A.; Dai, P.; Rosenbaum, T. F.; Honig, J. M.; Metcalf, P.; Trevino, S. F.
1998-11-01
Magnetic correlations in all four phases of pure and doped vanadium sesquioxide (V2O3) have been examined by magnetic thermal-neutron scattering. Specifically, we have studied the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of metallic V2-yO3, the antiferromagnetic insulating and paramagnetic metallic phases of stoichiometric V2O3, and the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of insulating V1.944Cr0.056O3. While the antiferromagnetic insulator can be accounted for by a localized Heisenberg spin model, the long-range order in the antiferromagnetic metal is an incommensurate spin-density wave, resulting from a Fermi surface nesting instability. Spin dynamics in the strongly correlated metal are dominated by spin fluctuations with a ``single lobe'' spectrum in the Stoner electron-hole continuum. Furthermore, our results in metallic V2O3 represent an unprecedentedly complete characterization of the spin fluctuations near a metallic quantum critical point, and provide quantitative support for the self-consistent renormalization theory for itinerant antiferromagnets in the small moment limit. Dynamic magnetic correlations for ħω
Spin-phonon interaction in antiferromagnetics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Grigorashchuk, I.M.; Nitsovich, V.M.; Tovstyuk, K.D.
1975-01-01
The vibrational spectrum and the sound velocity in antiferromagnetics are obtained in the general form in pseudoharmonic approximation with allowance for the anharmonisms of all orders. Starting from experimentally defined dependence of the Debye-Waller factor on the temperature a corollary is put forward that in some antiferromagnetics under the temperature lower than T/subN/ the appearance of the narrow band of paramagnetic states is possible. In antiferromagnetics where the transition metal-dielectric described by the Habbard model is possible this results in the appearance of the additional transition dielectric-metal-dielectric. (auth)
Spin waves in antiferromagnetic FeF2
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hutchings, M T; Rainford, B.D.; Guggenheim, H J
1970-01-01
Spin-wave dispersion in antiferromagnetic FeF2 has been investigated by inelastic neutron scattering using a chopper time-of-flight spectrometer. The single mode observed has a relatively flat dispersion curve rising from 53 cm-1 at the zone centre to 79 cm-1 at the zone boundary. A spin...
Magnetization damping in noncollinear spin valves with antiferromagnetic interlayer couplings
Chiba, Takahiro; Bauer, Gerrit E. W.; Takahashi, Saburo
2015-08-01
We study the magnetic damping in the simplest of synthetic antiferromagnets, i.e., antiferromagnetically exchange-coupled spin valves, in the presence of applied magnetic fields that enforce noncolliear magnetic configurations. We formulate the dynamic exchange of spin currents in a noncollinear texture based on the spin-diffusion theory with quantum mechanical boundary conditions at the ferrromagnet/normal-metal interfaces and derive the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equations coupled by the interlayer static and dynamic exchange interactions. We predict noncollinearity-induced additional damping that is modulated by an applied magnetic field. We compare theoretical results with published experiments.
Spin transfer torque in antiferromagnetic spin valves: From clean to disordered regimes
Saidaoui, Hamed Ben Mohamed
2014-05-28
Current-driven spin torques in metallic spin valves composed of antiferromagnets are theoretically studied using the nonequilibrium Green\\'s function method implemented on a tight-binding model. We focus our attention on G-type and L-type antiferromagnets in both clean and disordered regimes. In such structures, spin torques can either rotate the magnetic order parameter coherently (coherent torque) or compete with the internal antiferromagnetic exchange (exchange torque). We show that, depending on the symmetry of the spin valve, the coherent and exchange torques can either be in the plane, ∝n×(q×n) or out of the plane ∝n×q, where q and n are the directions of the order parameter of the polarizer and the free antiferromagnetic layers, respectively. Although disorder conserves the symmetry of the torques, it strongly reduces the torque magnitude, pointing out the need for momentum conservation to ensure strong spin torque in antiferromagnetic spin valves.
Theory of spin transport in antiferromagnets (Conference Presentation)
Manchon, Aurélien; Saidaoui, Hamed; Akosa, Collins
2016-10-01
Antiferromagnets (AF) have long remained an intriguing and exotic state of matter, their application being restricted to enabling interfacial exchange bias in spin-valves. Their role in the expanding field of applied spintronics has been mostly passive and the in-depth investigation of their basic properties considered as fundamental condensed matter physics. A conceptual breakthrough was achieved ten years ago with the proposal that spin transfer torque could be used to electrically control the direction of the order parameter of AF spin valves, henceforth making these materials potential candidates for low energy spin devices. In spite of substantial theoretical efforts and experimental attempts to observe such a torque, the difficulty to independently detect the direction of the AF order parameter has remained a major obstacle. In this talk, I will first introduce the original concept of spin transfer torque in AF spin-valves, demonstrating that it is strongly limited by the spin decoherence and dramatically vanishes in the presence of disorder, leaving little hope to observe this effect experimentally. Then, I will present the newly proposed concept of spin-orbit torque that utilizes bulk or interfacial the spin-orbit coupling in non-centrosymmetric magnets to directly generate a torque on the AF order parameter. This torque, being local, is much more robust against impurities, as will be demonstrated for the specific case of interfacial Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Finally, I will discuss about spin motive force and torques in antiferromagnetic textures, intriguing effects that remained to be experimentally observed.
Distinct spin liquids and their transitions in spin-1/2 XXZ kagome antiferromagnets.
He, Yin-Chen; Chen, Yan
2015-01-23
By using the density matrix renormalization group approach, we study spin-liquid phases of spin-1/2 XXZ kagome antiferromagnets. We find that the emergence of the spin-liquid phase is independent of the anisotropy of the XXZ interaction. In particular, the two extreme limits-the Ising (a strong S^{z} interaction) and the XY (zero S^{z} interaction)-host the same spin-liquid phases as the isotropic Heisenberg model. Both a time-reversal-invariant spin liquid and a chiral spin liquid with spontaneous time-reversal symmetry breaking are obtained. We show that they evolve continuously into each other by tuning the second- and the third-neighbor interactions. And last, we discuss possible implications of our results for the nature of spin liquid in nearest-neighbor XXZ kagome antiferromagnets, including the nearest-neighbor spin-1/2 kagome antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model.
Spin torque antiferromagnetic nanooscillator in the presence of magnetic noise
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H. Gomonay
2012-12-01
Full Text Available Spin-torque effects in antiferromagnetic (AFM materials are of great interest due to the possible applications as high-speed spintronic devices. In the present paper we analyze the statistical properties of the current-driven AFM nanooscillator that result from the white Gaussian noise of magnetic nature. According to the peculiarities of deterministic dynamics, we derive the Langevin and Fokker-Planck equations in the energy representation of two normal modes. We find the stationary distribution function in the subcritical and overcritical regimes and calculate the current dependence of the average energy, energy fluctuation and their ratio (quality factor. The noncritical mode shows the Boltzmann statistics with the current-dependent effective temperature in the whole range of the current values. The effective temperature of the other, i.e., soft, mode critically depends on the current in the subcritical region. Distribution function of the soft mode follows the Gaussian law above the generation threshold. In the overcritical regime, the total average energy and the quality factor grow with the current value. This raises the AFM nanooscillators to the promising candidates for active spintronic components.
Domain-wall spin dynamics in kagome antiferromagnets.
Lhotel, E; Simonet, V; Ortloff, J; Canals, B; Paulsen, C; Suard, E; Hansen, T; Price, D J; Wood, P T; Powell, A K; Ballou, R
2011-12-16
We report magnetization and neutron scattering measurements down to 60 mK on a new family of Fe based kagome antiferromagnets, in which a strong local spin anisotropy combined with a low exchange path network connectivity lead to domain walls intersecting the kagome planes through strings of free spins. These produce unfamiliar slow spin dynamics in the ordered phase, evolving from exchange-released spin flips towards a cooperative behavior on decreasing the temperature, probably due to the onset of long-range dipolar interaction. A domain structure of independent magnetic grains is obtained that could be generic to other frustrated magnets.
Spin Hall effects in metallic antiferromagnets – perspectives for future spin-orbitronics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Joseph Sklenar
2016-05-01
Full Text Available We investigate angular dependent spin-orbit torques from the spin Hall effect in a metallic antiferromagnet using the spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance technique. The large spin Hall effect exists in PtMn, a prototypical CuAu-I-type metallic antiferromagnet. By applying epitaxial growth, we previously reported an appreciable difference in spin-orbit torques for c- and a-axis orientated samples, implying anisotropic effects in magnetically ordered materials. In this work we demonstrate through bipolar-magnetic-field experiments a small but noticeable asymmetric behavior in the spin-transfer-torque that appears as a hysteresis effect. We also suggest that metallic antiferromagnets may be good candidates for the investigation of various unidirectional effects related to novel spin-orbitronics phenomena.
Magnetic Orders and Fluctuations in the Dipolar Pyrochlore Antiferromagnet
Cepas, Olivier; Shastry, B. Sriram
2005-03-01
While the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the pyrochlore lattice does not order, we will discuss, from a theoretical standpoint, possible magnetic phases induced by the dipole-dipole interactions. Such interactions play a role in systems such as Gd2Ti2O7 or Gd2Sn2O7 in stabilizing exotic forms of magnetic order, a subject of current debate. We will also argue that the external magnetic field induces multiple transitions, one of which is associated with no obvious broken symmetry, but can be characterized by a disorder parameter. Finally, Monte-Carlo simulations and Landau-Ginzburg expansion show that the dipolar Heisenberg model exhibits a fluctuation-induced first-order transition, thanks to the frustration and a continuous set of soft modes.
Spin dynamics in charge doped antiferromagnets : a Li-7 NMR study in Ni1-xLixO
Tedoldi, F; Marini, S; Corti, M
1997-01-01
The effects of heterovalent substitutions causing itinerant holes in strongly correlated 3d electron systems are studied by means of Li-7 NMR in lithium-doped antiferromagnetic NiO. The spin-lattice relaxation rates, driven by the fluctuation of Ni2+ (S = 1) ions, in the temperature range 10 K
Tseng, K. F.; Keller, T.; Walters, A. C.; Birgeneau, R. J.; Keimer, B.
2016-07-01
We report a neutron spin-echo study of the critical dynamics in the S =5/2 antiferromagnets MnF2 and Rb2MnF4 with three-dimensional (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) spin systems, respectively, in zero external field. Both compounds are Heisenberg antiferromagnets with a small uniaxial anisotropy resulting from dipolar spin-spin interactions, which leads to a crossover in the critical dynamics close to the Néel temperature, TN. By taking advantage of the μ eV energy resolution of the spin-echo spectrometer, we have determined the dynamical critical exponents z for both longitudinal and transverse fluctuations. In MnF2, both the characteristic temperature for crossover from 3D Heisenberg to 3D Ising behavior and the exponents z in both regimes are consistent with predictions from the dynamical scaling theory. The amplitude ratio of longitudinal and transverse fluctuations also agrees with predictions. In Rb2MnF4 , the critical dynamics crosses over from the expected 2D Heisenberg behavior for T ≫TN to a scaling regime with exponent z =1.387 (4 ) , which has not been predicted by theory and may indicate the influence of long-range dipolar interactions.
Kim, Tae Heon; Grünberg, Peter; Han, Song Hee; Cho, Beongki
2016-01-01
The spin-torque driven dynamics of antiferromagnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) were investigated based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert-Slonczewski equation with antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic order parameters (l and m, respectively). We demonstrate that antiferromagnets including DMI can be described by a 2-dimensional pendulum model of l. Because m is coupled with l, together with DMI and exchange energy, close examination of m provides fundamental understanding of its dynamics in linear and nonlinear regimes. Furthermore, we discuss magnetization reversal as a function of DMI and anisotropy energy induced by a spin current pulse. PMID:27713522
Kim, Tae Heon; Grünberg, Peter; Han, Song Hee; Cho, Beongki
2016-10-01
The spin-torque driven dynamics of antiferromagnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) were investigated based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert-Slonczewski equation with antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic order parameters (l and m, respectively). We demonstrate that antiferromagnets including DMI can be described by a 2-dimensional pendulum model of l. Because m is coupled with l, together with DMI and exchange energy, close examination of m provides fundamental understanding of its dynamics in linear and nonlinear regimes. Furthermore, we discuss magnetization reversal as a function of DMI and anisotropy energy induced by a spin current pulse.
Spin-wave multiple excitations in nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hou, Zhuofei [University of Georgia, Athens; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens; Stocks, George Malcolm [ORNL; Brown, G. [Florida State University, Tallahassee
2015-02-17
Monte Carlo and spin dynamics techniques have been used to perform large-scale simulations of the dynamic behavior of a nanoscale, classical, Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a simple-cubic lattice with linear sizes L≤ 40 at a temperature below the Neel temperature. In this study, nanoparticles are modeled with completely free boundary conditions, i.e., six free surfaces, and nanofilms are modeled with two free surfaces in the spatial z direction and periodic boundaries parallel to the surfaces in the xy direction, which are compared to the infinite system with periodic boundary conditions. The temporal evolutions of spin configurations were determined numerically from coupled equations of motion for individual spins using a fast spin dynamics algorithm with the fourth-order Suzuki-Trotter decomposition of exponential operators, with initial spin configurations generated by Monte Carlo simulations. The local dynamic structure factor S(q,ω) was calculated from the local space- and time-displaced spin-spin correlation function. Multiple excitation peaks for wave vectors within the first Brillouin zone appear in the spin-wave spectra of the transverse component of dynamic structure factor S^{T} (q,ω) in the nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet, which are lacking if periodic boundary conditions are used. With the assumption of q-space spin-wave reflections with broken momentum conservation due to free-surface confinements, we successfully explained those spectra quantitatively in the linear dispersion region. Meanwhile, we also observed two unexpected quantized spin-wave excitation modes in the spatial z direction in nanofilms for S^{T} (q,ω) not expected in bulk systems. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate the presence of unexpected forms of spin-wave excitation behavior that have yet to be observed experimentally but could be directly tested through neutron scattering experiments on nanoscale RbMnF_{3} particles or
Theory of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnets
Rezende, S. M.; Rodríguez-Suárez, R. L.; Azevedo, A.
2016-01-01
The spin Seebeck effect (SSE) consists in the generation of a spin current by a temperature gradient applied in a magnetic film. The SSE is usually detected by an electric voltage generated in a metallic layer in contact with the magnetic film resulting from the conversion of the spin current into charge current by means of the inverse spin Hall effect. The SSE has been widely studied in bilayers made of the insulating ferrimagnet yttrium iron garnet (YIG) and metals with large spin-orbit coupling such as platinum. Recently the SSE has been observed in bilayers made of the antiferromagnet Mn F2 and Pt, revealing dependences of the SSE voltage on temperature and field very different from the ones observed in YIG/Pt. Here we present a theory for the SSE in structures with an antiferromagnetic insulator (AFI) in contact with a normal metal (NM) that relies on the bulk magnon spin current created by the temperature gradient across the thickness of the AFI/NM bilayer. The theory explains quite well the measured dependences of the SSE voltage on the sample temperature and on the applied magnetic field in Mn F2/Pt .
Spin Seebeck effect through antiferromagnetic NiO
Prakash, Arati; Brangham, Jack; Yang, Fengyuan; Heremans, Joseph P.
2016-07-01
We report temperature-dependent spin Seebeck measurements on Pt/YIG bilayers and Pt/NiO/YIG trilayers, where YIG (yttrium iron garnet, Y3F e5O12 ) is an insulating ferrimagnet and NiO is an antiferromagnet at low temperatures. The thickness of the NiO layer is varied from 0 to 10 nm. In the Pt/YIG bilayers, the temperature gradient applied to the YIG stimulates dynamic spin injection into the Pt, which generates an inverse spin Hall voltage in the Pt. The presence of a NiO layer dampens the spin injection exponentially with a decay length of 2 ± 0.6 nm at 180 K. The decay length increases with temperature and shows a maximum of 5.5 ± 0.8 nm at 360 K. The temperature dependence of the amplitude of the spin Seebeck signal without NiO shows a broad maximum of 6.5 ± 0.5 μV/K at 20 K. In the presence of NiO, the maximum shifts sharply to higher temperatures, likely correlated to the increase in decay length. This implies that NiO is most transparent to magnon propagation near the paramagnet-antiferromagnet transition. We do not see the enhancement in spin current driven into Pt reported in other papers when 1-2 nm NiO layers are sandwiched between Pt and YIG.
Spin transport of the frustrated integer spin S antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lima, Leonardo S., E-mail: lslima@infis.ufu.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, UFU, CEP:38700-128, Patos de Minas, MG (Brazil); Departamento de Física, ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, CEP:31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)
2014-03-15
We study the effect of the nearest-neighbor (nn) and next-nearest-neighbor (nnn) interactions on spin transport in the quantum integer spin one-dimensional isotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model. The Kubo formalism of the linear response theory is used to calculate the spin conductivity. We obtain the regular part of the spin conductivity, σ{sup reg}(ω), as function of the frequency at T=0 and obtain a strong effect of the (nnn) interaction on magnon transport.
Long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model for prebiotic evolution
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nokura, Kazuo [Shonan Institute of Technology, Fujisawa 251-8511 (Japan)
2003-11-28
I propose and discuss a fitness function for one-dimensional binary monomer sequences of macromolecules for prebiotic evolution. The fitness function is defined by the free energy of polymers in the high temperature random coil phase. With repulsive interactions among the same kind of monomers, the free energy in the high temperature limit becomes the energy function of the one-dimensional long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model, which is shown to have a dynamical phase transition and glassy states.
Antiferromagnetic phase transition and spin correlations in NiO
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chatterji, Tapan; McIntyre, G.J.; Lindgård, Per-Anker
2009-01-01
We have investigated the antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transition and spin correlations in NiO by high-temperature neutron diffraction below and above TN. We show that AF phase transition is a continuous second-order transition within our experimental resolution. The spin correlations manifested...... by this process. We determined the critical exponents =0.328±0.002 and =0.64±0.03 and the Néel temperature TN=530±1 K. These critical exponents suggest that NiO should be regarded as a 3dXY system...
Spin-dynamics simulations of the antiferromagnetic triangular XY model*
Nho, Kwangsik; Landau, D. P.
2002-03-01
Using Monte Carlo and spin-dynamics methods, we have simulated the dynamic behavior of the classical, antiferromagnetic XY model on a triangular lattice. The temporal evolutions of spin configurations were obtained by solving numerically the coupled equations of motion for each spin using fourth-order Suzuki-Trotter decompositions of exponential operators. From space-and time-displaced spin-spin correlation functions and their space-time Fourier transforms we obtained the dynamic structure factor S(q,w) for momentum q and frequency w. Below T_c, where long-range order appears in the staggered chirality[1], S(q,w) exhibits very strong and sharp spin-wave peaks in the in-plane-component S^xx. We also observe two-spin-wave peaks at low w and an almost dispersionless domain-wall peak at high w. Above T_c, a weak spin-wave peak persists but the domain-wall peak disappears for all q. We have calculated the dispersion relation and the linewidth of the spin-wave peak in S^xx by fitting the line shape to simple Lorentzians. *Supported by NSF [1] D.H. Lee, J.D. Joannopoulos, J.W. Negele, and D.P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 433 (1984)
Terahertz-Driven Nonlinear Spin Response of Antiferromagnetic Nickel Oxide
Baierl, S.; Mentink, J. H.; Hohenleutner, M.; Braun, L.; Do, T.-M.; Lange, C.; Sell, A.; Fiebig, M.; Woltersdorf, G.; Kampfrath, T.; Huber, R.
2016-11-01
Terahertz magnetic fields with amplitudes of up to 0.4 Tesla drive magnon resonances in nickel oxide while the induced dynamics is recorded by femtosecond magneto-optical probing. We observe distinct spin-mediated optical nonlinearities, including oscillations at the second harmonic of the 1 THz magnon mode. The latter originate from coherent dynamics of the longitudinal component of the antiferromagnetic order parameter, which are probed by magneto-optical effects of second order in the spin deflection. These observations allow us to dynamically disentangle electronic from lattice-related contributions to magnetic linear birefringence and dichroism—information so far only accessible by ultrafast THz spin control. The nonlinearities discussed here foreshadow physics that will become essential in future subcycle spin switching.
Resonant spin tunneling in small antiferromagnetic particles
Luis, F.; del Barco, E.; Hernández, J. M.; Remiro, E.; Bartolomé, J.; Tejada, J.
1999-05-01
The paper reports a detailed experimental study on magnetic relaxation of natural horse-spleen ferritin. ac susceptibility measurements performed on three samples of different concentration show that dipole-dipole interactions between uncompensated moments play no significant role. Furthermore, the distribution of relaxation times in these samples has been obtained from a scaling of experimental χ'' data, obtained at different frequencies. The average uncompensated magnetic moment per protein is compatible with a disordered arrangement of atomic spins throughout the core, rather than with surface disorder. The observed field dependence of the blocking temperature suggests that magnetic relaxation is faster at zero field than at intermediate field values. This is confirmed by the fact that the magnetic viscosity peaks at zero field, too. Using the distribution of relaxation times obtained independently, we show that these results cannot be explained in terms of classical relaxation theory. The most plausible explanation of these results is the existence, near zero field, of resonant magnetic tunneling between magnetic states of opposite orientation, which are thermally populated.
Striped spin liquid crystal ground state instability of kagome antiferromagnets.
Clark, Bryan K; Kinder, Jesse M; Neuscamman, Eric; Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic; Lawler, Michael J
2013-11-01
The Dirac spin liquid ground state of the spin 1/2 Heisenberg kagome antiferromagnet has potential instabilities. This has been suggested as the reason why it does not emerge as the ground state in large-scale numerical calculations. However, previous attempts to observe these instabilities have failed. We report on the discovery of a projected BCS state with lower energy than the projected Dirac spin liquid state which provides new insight into the stability of the ground state of the kagome antiferromagnet. The new state has three remarkable features. First, it breaks spatial symmetry in an unusual way that may leave spinons deconfined along one direction. Second, it breaks the U(1) gauge symmetry down to Z(2). Third, it has the spatial symmetry of a previously proposed "monopole" suggesting that it is an instability of the Dirac spin liquid. The state described herein also shares a remarkable similarity to the distortion of the kagome lattice observed at low Zn concentrations in Zn-paratacamite and in recently grown single crystals of volborthite suggesting it may already be realized in these materials.
Spin freezing in the geometrically frustrated pyrochlore antiferromagnet Tb2Mo2O7
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gaulin, B.D.; Reimers, J.N.; Mason, T.E.
1992-01-01
The magnetic metal ions in the cubic pyrochlore Tb2Mo2O7 form an infinite three-dimensional network of corner-sharing tetrahedra with a very high potential for frustration in the presence of antiferromagnetism. We have performed neutron scattering measurements which show short-range spatial...... correlations that develop continuously with decreasing temperature, while the characteristic time scale for the fluctuating moments decreases dramatically below T(f) is similar to 25 K. Therefore, this pure material, which possesses frustration that is purely geometrical in origin, displays a spin-glass state...
Spin fluctuations and high-temperature superconductivity in cuprates
Plakida, Nikolay M.
2016-12-01
To describe the cuprate superconductors, models of strongly correlated electronic systems, such as the Hubbard or t - J models, are commonly employed. To study these models, projected (Hubbard) operators have to be used. Due to the unconventional commutation relations for the Hubbard operators, a specific kinematical interaction of electrons with spin and charge fluctuations emerges. The interaction is induced by the intraband hopping with a coupling parameter of the order of the kinetic energy of electrons W which is much larger than the antiferromagnetic exchange interaction J induced by the interband hopping. This review presents a consistent microscopic theory of spin excitations and superconductivity for cuprates where these interactions are taken into account within the Hubbard operator technique. The low-energy spin excitations are considered for the t-J model, while the electronic properties are studied using the two-subband extended Hubbard model where the intersite Coulomb repulsion V and electron-phonon interaction are taken into account.
Antiferromagnetic Ising spin glass competing with BCS pairing interaction in a transverse field
Magalhães, S. G.; Zimmer, F. M.; Kipper, C. J.; Calegari, E. J.
2006-07-01
The competition among spin glass (SG), antiferromagnetism (AF) and local pairing superconductivity (PAIR) is studied in a two-sublattice fermionic Ising spin glass model with a local BCS pairing interaction in the presence of an applied magnetic transverse field Γ. In the present approach, spins in different sublattices interact with a Gaussian random coupling with an antiferromagnetic mean J0 and standard deviation J. The problem is formulated in the path integral formalism in which spin operators are represented by bilinear combinations of Grassmann variables. The saddle-point Grand Canonical potential is obtained within the static approximation and the replica symmetric ansatz. The results are analysed in phase diagrams in which the AF and the SG phases can occur for small g (g is the strength of the local superconductor coupling written in units of J), while the PAIR phase appears as unique solution for large g. However, there is a complex line transition separating the PAIR phase from the others. It is second order at high temperature that ends in a tricritical point. The quantum fluctuations affect deeply the transition lines and the tricritical point due to the presence of Γ.
Quenching the haldane gap in spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnets.
Wierschem, Keola; Sengupta, Pinaki
2014-06-20
We consider a quasi-one-dimensional system of spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chains in two-dimensional and three-dimensional hypercubic lattices with interchain coupling J and uniaxial single-ion anisotropy D. Using large-scale numerical simulations, we map out the J-D phase diagram and investigate the low-lying excitations of the Haldane phase in the J≪1 limit. We also provide direct evidence that the Haldane phase remains a nontrivial symmetry-protected topological state for small but finite J.
Spin-dynamics simulations of the triangular antiferromagnetic XY model*
Nho, Kwangsik; Landau, D. P.
2003-03-01
Using Monte Carlo and spin-dynamics methods, we have studied the dynamic behavior of the classical, antiferromagnetic XY model on a triangular lattice. The temporal evolutions of spin configurations were obtained by solving numerically the coupled equations of motion for each spin using fourth-order Suzuki-Trotter decompositions of exponential operators. We calculated the dynamic structure factor S(q,w) for momentum q and frequency w. Below T_KT (Kosteritz-Thouless transition), both the in-plane (S^xx) and out-of-plane (S^zz) components exhibit very strong and sharp spin-wave peaks. Well above T_KT, S^xx and S^zz apparently display a central peak, and spin-wave signatures are still seen in S^zz. In addition, we also observed an almost dispersionless domain-wall peak at high w below Tc (Ising transition), where long-range order appears in the staggered chirality[1]. We found that our results demonstrate the consistency of the dynamic finite-size scaling theory for the characteristic frequency wm and S(q,w). *Supported by NSF [1] D.H. Lee, J.D. Joannopoulos, J.W. Negele, and D.P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 433 (1984)
Spin-Transfer-Torques at a Ferromagnet/Antiferromagnet Interface
Tsoi, Maxim
2009-03-01
Spintronics in ferromagnetic systems is built on a complementary set of phenomena in which the magnetic configuration of the system influences its transport properties and vice versa. Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) [1] and spin- transfer-torque (STT) [2] phenomena are typical examples of such interconnections. Recently, MacDonald and co-workers [3] predicted that corresponding effects ought to occur in systems where ferromagnetic (F) components are replaced by antiferromagnets (AFM). I will present our experimental search for these new AFM effects which may potentially lead to a new all-antiferromagnetic spintronics where antiferromagnets are used in place of ferromagnets. In particular I will focus on our experiments with exchange-biased spin valves [4] where extreme current densities were found to affect the exchange bias at F/AFM interface [5-7]. As exchange bias is known to be associated with interfacial AFM magnetic moments, our observation can be taken as the first evidence of STT effect in AFM materials. [4pt] [1] M. N. Baibich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2472 (1988); G. Binasch et al., Phys. Rev. B 39, 4828 (1989). [0pt] [2] J. C. Slonczewski, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 159, L1 (1996); L. Berger, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 4880 (1997); M. Tsoi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4281 (1998). [0pt] [3] A. S. N'uñez et al., Phys. Rev. B 73, 214426 (2006); [0pt] [4] Z. Wei et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 116603 (2007). [0pt] [5] S. Urazhdin and N. Anthony, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 046602 (2007). [0pt] [6] X-L.Tang et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 122504 (2007). [0pt] [7] N. V. Dai et al., Phys. Rev. B77, 132406 (2008).
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Voropajeva, N., E-mail: niina.voropajeva@ut.ee [Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Riia 142, 51014 Tartu (Estonia); Sherman, A., E-mail: alexei@fi.tartu.ee [Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Riia 142, 51014 Tartu (Estonia)
2012-09-03
Magnetic excitations and spin correlations near the interface of two spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnets are considered using the spin-wave approximation. When the interaction between boundary spins differs essentially from exchange constants inside the antiferromagnets, quasi-two-dimensional spin waves appear in the near-boundary region. They eject bulk magnons from this region, thereby dividing the antiferromagnets into areas with different magnetic excitations. The decreased dimensionality of the near-boundary modes leads to amplified nearest-neighbor spin correlations in the interface area. -- Highlights: ► Excitations near the interface of two Heisenberg antiferromagnets are considered. ► Different quasi-two-dimensional spin waves may appear in the interface region. ► The interface modes eject bulk modes from the near-boundary region. ► The interface modes produce amplified spin correlations near the boundary.
Numerical study of the spin-flop transition in anisotropic spin-1/2 antiferromagnets
Yunoki, S
2002-01-01
Magnetization processes of the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic XXZ model in two and three spatial dimensions are studied using a quantum Monte Carlo method based on stochastic series expansions. A recently developed operator-loop algorithm enables us to show clear evidence of a first-order phase transiti
Shimizu, Yasuhiro; Yamada, Takato; Takami, Tsuyoshi; Niitaka, Seiji; Takagi, Hidenori; Itoh, Masayuki
2009-12-01
To investigate the relationship between superconductivity and low-energy spin fluctuations in the iron-based superconductor FeSe0.5Te0.5, we have conducted 125Te NMR measurements at ambient pressure and 2 GPa. As the superconducting transition temperature Tc is increased by applying pressure, the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate divided by temperature, 1/T1T, shows the development of antiferromagnetic fluctuations upon lowering temperature toward Tc. This supports the scenario that spin fluctuations promote superconducting pairing. The depressed Knight shift 125K and the absence of a coherence peak in 1/T1 below Tc are consistent with spin-singlet superconducting pairing with an anisotropic order parameter. In the normal metallic state, the comparison between the uniform and dynamic spin susceptibilities suggests the existence of a Fermi level located near the singularity of the band structure.
Ultrafast Band Engineering and Transient Spin Currents in Antiferromagnetic Oxides.
Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M
2016-04-29
We report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observed in classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices.
Milyaev, M. A.; Naumova, L. I.; Chernyshova, T. A.; Proglyado, V. V.; Kulesh, N. A.; Patrakov, E. I.; Kamenskii, I. Yu.; Ustinov, V. V.
2016-12-01
Spin valves with a synthetic antiferromagnet have been prepared by magnetron sputtering. Regularities of the formation of single- and two-phase spin-flop states in the synthetic antiferromagnet have been studied using magnetoresistance measurements and imaging the magnetic structure. A thermomagnetic treatment of spin valve in a field that corresponds to the single-phase spin-flop state of synthetic antiferromagnet was shown to allow us to obtain a magnetically sensitive material characterized by hysteresis-free field dependence of the magnetoresistance.
Electrical switching of antiferromagnets via strongly spin-orbit coupled materials
Li, Xi-Lai; Duan, Xiaopeng; Semenov, Yuriy G.; Kim, Ki Wook
2017-01-01
Electrically controlled ultra-fast switching of an antiferromagnet (AFM) is shown to be realizable by interfacing it with a material of strong spin-orbit coupling. The proximity interaction between the sublattice magnetic moments of a layered AFM and the spin-polarized free electrons at the interface offers an efficient way to manipulate antiferromagnetic states. A quantitative analysis, using the combination with a topological insulator as an example, demonstrates highly reliable 90° and 180° rotations of AFM magnetic states under two different mechanisms of effective torque generation at the interface. The estimated switching speed and energy requirement are in the ps and aJ ranges, respectively, which are about two-three orders of magnitude better than the ferromagnetic counterparts. The observed differences in the magnetization dynamics may explain the disparate characteristic responses. Unlike the usual precessional/chiral motions in the ferromagnets, those of the AFMs can essentially be described as a damped oscillator with a more direct path. The impact of random thermal fluctuations is also examined.
Spin fluctuation theory of itinerant electron magnetism
Takahashi, Yoshinori
2013-01-01
This volume shows how collective magnetic excitations determine most of the magnetic properties of itinerant electron magnets. Previous theories were mainly restricted to the Curie-Weiss law temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibilities. Based on the spin amplitude conservation idea including the zero-point fluctuation amplitude, this book shows that the entire temperature and magnetic field dependence of magnetization curves, even in the ground state, is determined by the effect of spin fluctuations. It also shows that the theoretical consequences are largely in agreement with many experimental observations. The readers will therefore gain a new comprehensive perspective of their unified understanding of itinerant electron magnetism.
Spin-S kagome quantum antiferromagnets in a field with tensor networks
Picot, Thibaut; Ziegler, Marc; Orús, Román; Poilblanc, Didier
2016-02-01
Spin-S Heisenberg quantum antiferromagnets on the kagome lattice offer, when placed in a magnetic field, a fantastic playground to observe exotic phases of matter with (magnetic analogs of) superfluid, charge, bond, or nematic orders, or a coexistence of several of the latter. In this context, we have obtained the (zero-temperature) phase diagrams up to S =2 directly in the thermodynamic limit owing to infinite projected entangled pair states, a tensor network numerical tool. We find incompressible phases characterized by a magnetization plateau versus field and stabilized by spontaneous breaking of point group or lattice translation symmetry(ies). The nature of such phases may be semiclassical, as the plateaus at the 1/3th ,(1-2/9S)th, and (1-1/9S)th of the saturated magnetization (the latter followed by a macroscopic magnetization jump), or fully quantum as the spin-1/2 1/9 plateau exhibiting a coexistence of charge and bond orders. Upon restoration of the spin rotation U (1 ) symmetry, a finite compressibility appears, although lattice symmetry breaking persists. For integer spin values we also identify spin gapped phases at low enough fields, such as the S =2 (topologically trivial) spin liquid with no symmetry breaking, neither spin nor lattice.
Spin dynamics and spin freezing in the triangular lattice antiferromagnets FeGa2S4 and NiGa2S4
Zhao, Songrui; Dalmas de Réotier, P.; Yaouanc, A.; MacLaughlin, D. E.; Mackie, J. M.; Bernal, O. O.; Nambu, Y.; Higo, T.; Nakatsuji, S.
2012-08-01
Magnetic susceptibility and muon spin relaxation (μSR) experiments have been carried out on the quasi-2D triangular-lattice spin S=2 antiferromagnet FeGa2S4. The μSR data indicate a sharp onset of a frozen or nearly frozen spin state at T*=31(2) K, twice the spin-glass-like freezing temperature Tf=16(1) K. The susceptibility becomes field dependent below T*, but no sharp anomaly is observed in any bulk property. A similar transition is observed in μSR data from the spin-1 isomorph NiGa2S4. In both compounds the dynamic muon spin relaxation rate λd(T) above T* agrees well with a calculation of spin-lattice relaxation by Chubukov, Sachdev, and Senthil in the renormalized classical regime of a 2D frustrated quantum antiferromagnet. There is no firm evidence for other mechanisms. At low temperatures, λd(T) becomes temperature independent in both compounds, indicating persistence of spin dynamics. Scaling of λd(T) between the two compounds is observed from ˜Tf to ˜1.5T*. Although the μSR data by themselves cannot exclude a truly static spin component below T*, together with the susceptibility data they are consistent with a slowly fluctuating “spin gel” regime between Tf and T*. Such a regime and the absence of a divergence in λd(T) at T* are features of two unconventional mechanisms: (1) binding/unbinding of Z2 vortex excitations, and (2) impurity spins in a nonmagnetic spin-nematic ground state. The absence of a sharp anomaly or history dependence at T* in the susceptibility of FeGa2S4, and the weakness of such phenomena in NiGa2S4, strongly suggest transitions to low-temperature phases with unconventional dynamics.
Pines, David
2013-10-24
We propose an experiment-based strategy for finding new high transition temperature superconductors that is based on the well-established spin fluctuation magnetic gateway to superconductivity in which the attractive quasiparticle interaction needed for superconductivity comes from their coupling to dynamical spin fluctuations originating in the proximity of the material to an antiferromagnetic state. We show how lessons learned by combining the results of almost three decades of intensive experimental and theoretical study of the cuprates with those found in the decade-long study of a strikingly similar family of unconventional heavy electron superconductors, the 115 materials, can prove helpful in carrying out that search. We conclude that, since Tc in these materials scales approximately with the strength of the interaction, J, between the nearest neighbor local moments in their parent antiferromagnetic state, there may not be a magnetic ceiling that would prevent one from discovering a room temperature superconductor.
Spin-orbit torque in two-dimensional antiferromagnetic topological insulators
Ghosh, S.
2017-01-24
We investigate spin transport in two-dimensional ferromagnetic (FTI) and antiferromagnetic (AFTI) topological insulators. In the presence of an in-plane magnetization AFTI supports zero energy modes, which enables topologically protected edge conduction at low energy. We address the nature of current-driven spin torque in these structures and study the impact of spin-independent disorder. Interestingly, upon strong disorder the spin torque develops an antidamping component (i.e., even upon magnetization reversal) along the edges, which could enable current-driven manipulation of the antiferromagnetic order parameter. This antidamping torque decreases when increasing the system size and when the system enters the trivial insulator regime.
Love triangles, quantum fluctuations and spin jam
Lee, Seung-Hun
When magnetic moments are interacting with each other in a situation resembling that of complex love triangles, called frustration, a large set of states that are energetically equivalent emerge. This leads to exotic spin states such as spin liquid and spin ice. Recently, we presented evidence for the existence of a topological glassy state, that we call spin jam, induced by quantum fluctuations. The case in point is SrCr9pGa12-9pO19 (SCGO(p)), a highly frustrated magnet, in which the magnetic Cr ions form a quasi-two-dimensional triangular system of bi-pyramids. This system has been an archetype in search for exotic spin states. Understanding the nature of the state has been a great intellectual challenge. Our new experimental data and theoretical spin jam model provide for the first time a coherent understanding of the phenomenon. Furthermore, the findings strongly support the possible existence of purely topological glassy states. Reference:
Mi, Bin-Zhou
2017-02-01
The magnetic and thermodynamic properties of anisotropic frustrated spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a body-centered cubic lattice for Néel phase (the region of weak frustration) are systematically investigated by use of the double-time Green's function method within the random phase approximation and the Anderson and Callen's decoupling. The zero-temperature sublattice magnetization and Néel temperature increase with spin anisotropy strength and single-ion anisotropy strength, and decrease with frustration strength. This indicates that quantum fluctuation is suppressed by spin anisotropy and single-ion anisotropy, by contrast, is strengthened by frustration. It is possible to tune the quantum fluctuations by the competition of anisotropy strength and frustration strength to change the ground state properties of magnetic materials. Although we find that both the spin anisotropy and the single-ion anisotropy suppress the quantum fluctuations, but their respective effects on the thermodynamic quantities, especially the internal energy and free energy, are different at zero temperature and finite temperature. Furthermore, when these two kinds of anisotropic coexist, the effect of the spin anisotropy on the sublattice magnetization and internal energy is larger than that of the single-ion anisotropy.
Superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and neutron scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tranquada, John M., E-mail: jtran@bnl.gov; Xu, Guangyong; Zaliznyak, Igor A.
2014-01-15
High-temperature superconductivity in both the copper-oxide and the iron–pnictide/chalcogenide systems occurs in close proximity to antiferromagnetically ordered states. Neutron scattering has been an essential technique for characterizing the spin correlations in the antiferromagnetic phases and for demonstrating how the spin fluctuations persist in the superconductors. While the nature of the spin correlations in the superconductors remains controversial, the neutron scattering measurements of magnetic excitations over broad ranges of energy and momentum transfers provide important constraints on the theoretical options. We present an overview of the neutron scattering work on high-temperature superconductors and discuss some of the outstanding issues. - Highlights: • High-temperature superconductivity is closely associated with antiferromagnetism. • Antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations coexist with the superconductivity. • Neutron scattering is essential for characterising the full spectrum of spin excitations.
von Reppert, A; Pudell, J; Koc, A; Reinhardt, M; Leitenberger, W; Dumesnil, K; Zamponi, F; Bargheer, M
2016-09-01
We present a temperature and fluence dependent Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction study of a laser-heated antiferromagnetic dysprosium thin film. The loss of antiferromagnetic order is evidenced by a pronounced lattice contraction. We devise a method to determine the energy flow between the phonon and spin system from calibrated Bragg peak positions in thermal equilibrium. Reestablishing the magnetic order is much slower than the cooling of the lattice, especially around the Néel temperature. Despite the pronounced magnetostriction, the transfer of energy from the spin system to the phonons in Dy is slow after the spin-order is lost.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. von Reppert
2016-09-01
Full Text Available We present a temperature and fluence dependent Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction study of a laser-heated antiferromagnetic dysprosium thin film. The loss of antiferromagnetic order is evidenced by a pronounced lattice contraction. We devise a method to determine the energy flow between the phonon and spin system from calibrated Bragg peak positions in thermal equilibrium. Reestablishing the magnetic order is much slower than the cooling of the lattice, especially around the Néel temperature. Despite the pronounced magnetostriction, the transfer of energy from the spin system to the phonons in Dy is slow after the spin-order is lost.
Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Spin Chain of a Few Cold Atoms in a One-Dimensional Trap.
Murmann, S; Deuretzbacher, F; Zürn, G; Bjerlin, J; Reimann, S M; Santos, L; Lompe, T; Jochim, S
2015-11-20
We report on the deterministic preparation of antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin chains consisting of up to four fermionic atoms in a one-dimensional trap. These chains are stabilized by strong repulsive interactions between the two spin components without the need for an external periodic potential. We independently characterize the spin configuration of the chains by measuring the spin orientation of the outermost particle in the trap and by projecting the spatial wave function of one spin component on single-particle trap levels. Our results are in good agreement with a spin-chain model for fermionized particles and with numerically exact diagonalizations of the full few-fermion system.
Temperature Evolution of Spin Fluctuations in FeAs
Podlesnyak, A.; Ehlers, G.; Tóth, S.; Gofryk, K.; Sefat, A. S.
2015-03-01
The discovery of superconductivity (SC) in iron pnictides has opened a new stage in SC research. The superconducting state appears in iron pnictides with doping in metallic parent compounds. This is an important difference to the cuprates, which exhibit SC near a correlated insulating state. Therefore, the nature of the magnetism in the simplest iron pnictide - binary FeAs - is of fundamental importance for understanding the interplay between localized and itinerant magnetism and superconductivity in these materials. We use inelastic neutron scattering to map spin wave excitations in the monoarsenide FeAs at temperatures above and below the antiferromagnetic transition TN ~ 70 K. We find magnetic excitation spectrum near the Néel temperature to be strongly different from the spectrum in the ground state. Near the transition temperature, magnetic fluctuations clearly indicate two-dimensional character in an intrinsically three-dimensional (3D) system. On the other hand, at low temperature, spin waves in FeAs are anisotropic 3D, suggesting a crossover from two-dimensional to three-dimensional character. Work at ORNL was sponsored by the US DOE Scientific User Facilities Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences (AP, GE) and Materials Science and Engineering Division (KG, AS).
Evidence for a gapped spin-liquid ground state in a kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet.
Fu, Mingxuan; Imai, Takashi; Han, Tian-Heng; Lee, Young S
2015-11-06
The kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is a leading candidate in the search for a spin system with a quantum spin-liquid ground state. The nature of its ground state remains a matter of active debate. We conducted oxygen-17 single-crystal nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of the spin-1/2 kagome lattice in herbertsmithite [ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2], which is known to exhibit a spinon continuum in the spin excitation spectrum. We demonstrated that the intrinsic local spin susceptibility χ(kagome), deduced from the oxygen-17 NMR frequency shift, asymptotes to zero below temperatures of 0.03J, where J ~ 200 kelvin is the copper-copper superexchange interaction. Combined with the magnetic field dependence of χ(kagome) that we observed at low temperatures, these results imply that the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state with a finite gap.
Long-range order for the spin-1 Heisenberg model with a small antiferromagnetic interaction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lees, Benjamin, E-mail: b.lees@warwick.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)
2014-09-15
We look at the general SU(2) invariant spin-1 Heisenberg model. This family includes the well-known Heisenberg ferromagnet and antiferromagnet as well as the interesting nematic (biquadratic) and the largely mysterious staggered-nematic interaction. Long range order is proved using the method of reflection positivity and infrared bounds on a purely nematic interaction. This is achieved through the use of a type of matrix representation of the interaction making clear several identities that would not otherwise be noticed. Using the reflection positivity of the antiferromagnetic interaction one can then show that the result is maintained if we also include an antiferromagnetic interaction that is sufficiently small.
Spin superconductivity in the frustrated two-dimensional antiferromagnet in the square lattice
Lima, L. S.
2017-02-01
We use the SU(2) Schwinger boson formalism to study the spin transport in the two-dimensional S = 1 / 2 frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a square lattice, considering the second-neighbors interactions in the diagonal. We have obtained a spin superfluid behavior for the spin transport to this system similar to obtained recently to the triangular lattice. We consider an antiferromagnetic inter-chain coupling on the diagonal, J2 > 0 , and the nearest-neighbor coupling antiferromagnetic J1 > 0 . We also have in the critical temperature T0, where the correlation length ξ → 0 , that the system suffers a transition from an ordered ground state to a disordered ground state.
Li, Jun; Liu, Bang-Gui
2015-06-01
It has been proposed that antiferromagnetic Fe adatom spins on semiconductor Cu-N surfaces can be used to store information (Loth et al 2012 Science 335 196). Here, we investigate spin dynamics of such antiferromagnetic systems through Monte Carlo simulations. We find out the temperature and size laws of switching rates of Néel states and show that the Néel states can become stable enough for the information storage when the number of spins reaches one or two dozens of the Fe spins. We also explore promising methods for manipulating the Néel states. These could help realize information storage with such antiferromagnetic spin systems.
Bond-Dilution Effects on Two-Dimensional Spin-Gapped Heisenberg Antiferromagnets
Yasuda, Chitoshi; Todo, Synge; Matsumoto, Munehisa; Takayama, Hajime
2001-01-01
Bond-dilution effects on spin-1/2 spin-gapped Heisenberg antiferromagnets of coupled alternating chains on a square lattice are investigated by means of the quantum Monte Carlo method. It is found that, in contrast with the site-diluted system having an infinitesimal critical concentration, the bond-diluted system has a finite critical concentration of diluted bonds, $x_{c}$, above which the system is in an antiferromagnetic (AF) long-range ordered phase. In the disordered phase below $x_{c}$...
Thermodynamics, geometrical frustration and quantum fluctuations in coupled spin chains
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Sznajd
2009-01-01
Full Text Available The linear-perturbation real space renormalization transformation (LPRG is presented and applied to the study of quantum spin chains coupled by interchain interaction (k1 weaker than intrachain one (k. The method is examined in two exact solvable cases: Ising chains on the square and triangular lattices and quantum XY chain. For the Ising model, in the second order in the cumulant epansion, the deviation of the critical temperature from the exact value is less than 1% for 0.5 k>k1>0.15 k, but even in the case of the standard Ising model (k1=k we found the value of Tc which differs by 2% from the exact one. For the quantum XY chain the deviation of the free energy value found by using LPRG from the exact Katsura result is less than 1% for T/J>1, and for rather low temperature T/J=0.08 is about 6%. The LPRG is used to study the effects of interchain frustration on the phase transition in 2D Heisenberg spin chains with easy axis along the z direction. It is shown that contrary to the pure Ising model in systems with in-plane interactions (XY, the interchain frustration does not destroy the finite-temperature transition. However, such a frustration changes the character of the phase transition from Ising-like to, probably, Kosterlitz-Thouless-like. We have also applied the LPRG method to the calculation of the isothermal magnetocaloric coefficient (MT for several spin models in disordered phases. Is is demonstrated that in the presence of antiferromagnetic fluctuations, MT changes sign at some value of the magnetic field. Generally, MT is negative if magnetic field competes with a short-range order, and consequently it can be an indicator of the change in the short-range correlation.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, K. F.; Yang, Fang; Song, Y. R. [Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Zhang, Xiaole [Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); The State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Chen, Xianfeng [The State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Liu, Canhua; Qian, Dong; Gao, C. L., E-mail: clgao@sjtu.edu.cn; Jia, Jin-Feng [Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing (China); Luo, Weidong, E-mail: wdluo@sjtu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing (China)
2016-02-08
Antiferromagnetic semiconductors gain increasing interest due to their possible application in spintronics. Using spin polarized scanning tunneling microscopy operating in a vector field, we mapped the noncollinear antiferromagnetic spin structure of a semiconducting hexagonal FeSe surface on the atomic scale. The surface possesses an in-plane compensated Néel structure which is further confirmed by first-principles calculations.
Thermoinduced magnetization and uncompensated spins in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Madsen, Daniel Esmarch; Mørup, Steen
2006-01-01
We have investigated the combined effect of an uncompensated moment and the thermoinduced magnetization on the initial susceptibility of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials. We find that for nanoparticles with small values of the anisotropy and exchange fields, the thermoinduced...... magnetization may be predominant at finite temperatures. In other cases the uncompensated moment may be predominant....
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Friemel, Gerd
2014-05-26
This thesis contains a comprehensive study of the spin excitations by inelastic neutron scattering (INS) in two different correlated electron systems: the alkali-metal iron selenide superconductors (FeSe122) A{sub x}Fe{sub 2-y}Se{sub 2} (A=K, Rb, Cs) and the heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeB6. Both systems exhibit intense modes in their spin-fluctuation spectrum below their respective transition temperatures that can be derived from the spin dynamics of the itinerant quasiparticles. However, the implications of these observations, presented here, are different for each particular compound. The A{sub x}Fe{sub 2-y}Se{sub 2} superconductors, with a uniform T{sub c} of 32 K, belong to a qualitative new family of superconductors. They possess a distinctly different Fermi surface compared to the iron-arsenide-based analogues XFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} (X=Ca, Sr, Ba). Instead of the central hole pockets at Γ and the electron pockets at X((1)/(2) 0), which are nested by the Q{sub AFM} = ((1)/(2) 0) vector, there exist only large electron pockets at the X point. Therefore, the magnetic instability along Q{sub AFM} that presumably provides the pairing glue for the superconductivity in the shape of spin fluctuations is absent in the FeSe122. The search for spin fluctuations by INS was motivated by a theoretical analysis that predicted their presence at an incommensurate wave vector near Q = (0.5 δ), δ = 0.3125 which results from a quasinesting by Q between the flat parts of the electron pockets. Two samples, namely Rb{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 1.6}Se{sub 2} and K{sub 0.77}Fe{sub 1.85}Se{sub 2}, were prepared and both showed a sizable anisotropic magnetic response at Q{sub sf} = ((1)/(2) (1)/(4)) in the normal state. Furthermore, upon entering the superconducting (SC) state a strong excitation appears at ℎω{sub res} = 14 meV in the spectrum at Q{sub sf}, which is referred to as magnetic resonant mode. This mode is interpreted as a bound spin-1 exciton below the SC charge gap. Its presence
Železný, J.; Gao, H.; Manchon, Aurélien; Freimuth, Frank; Mokrousov, Yuriy; Zemen, J.; Mašek, J.; Sinova, Jairo; Jungwirth, T.
2017-01-01
One of the main obstacles that prevents practical applications of antiferromagnets is the difficulty of manipulating the magnetic order parameter. Recently, following the theoretical prediction [J. Železný et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 157201 (2014)], 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.157201, the electrical switching of magnetic moments in an antiferromagnet was demonstrated [P. Wadley et al., Science 351, 587 (2016)], 10.1126/science.aab1031. The switching is due to the so-called spin-orbit torque, which has been extensively studied in ferromagnets. In this phenomena a nonequilibrium spin-polarization exchange coupled to the ordered local moments is induced by current, hence exerting a torque on the order parameter. Here we give a general systematic analysis of the symmetry of the spin-orbit torque in locally and globally noncentrosymmetric crystals. We study when the symmetry allows for a nonzero torque, when is the torque effective, and its dependence on the applied current direction and orientation of magnetic moments. For comparison, we consider both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic orders. In two representative model crystals we perform microscopic calculations of the spin-orbit torque to illustrate its symmetry properties and to highlight conditions under which the spin-orbit torque can be efficient for manipulating antiferromagnetic moments.
Železný, J.
2017-01-10
One of the main obstacles that prevents practical applications of antiferromagnets is the difficulty of manipulating the magnetic order parameter. Recently, following the theoretical prediction [J. Železný, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 157201 (2014)]PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.113.157201, the electrical switching of magnetic moments in an antiferromagnet was demonstrated [P. Wadley, Science 351, 587 (2016)]SCIEAS0036-807510.1126/science.aab1031. The switching is due to the so-called spin-orbit torque, which has been extensively studied in ferromagnets. In this phenomena a nonequilibrium spin-polarization exchange coupled to the ordered local moments is induced by current, hence exerting a torque on the order parameter. Here we give a general systematic analysis of the symmetry of the spin-orbit torque in locally and globally noncentrosymmetric crystals. We study when the symmetry allows for a nonzero torque, when is the torque effective, and its dependence on the applied current direction and orientation of magnetic moments. For comparison, we consider both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic orders. In two representative model crystals we perform microscopic calculations of the spin-orbit torque to illustrate its symmetry properties and to highlight conditions under which the spin-orbit torque can be efficient for manipulating antiferromagnetic moments.
Spin fluctuations in 3d paramagnetic metals
Wysocki, Aleksander; Kutepov, Andrey; Antropov, Vladimir
Spin fluctuations (SFs) in 3d paramagnetic metals were investigated using the linear response formalism within the time dependent density functional theory. An efficient scheme of frequency integration using the Matsubara technique has been implemented and tested. The SFs spectrum in 3d paramagnets is analyzed in real and reciprocal spaces as a function of frequency and temperature. For all materials the SFs are characterized by the coexistence of low and high energy branches which originate from different regions of the Brillouin zone. The low-energy ones can be measured by neutron scattering experiments while the high-energy SFs appear to be more localized. Further, we studied the nature of square of fluctuating magnetic moment in these materials. This work was supported, in part, by the Critical Materials Institute, an Energy Innovation Hub funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and by the Office of Basic Energy Science, Division of Materials Science and Engineering. The research was performed at Ames Laboratory, which is operated for the U.S. DOE by Iowa State University under contract # DE-AC02-07CH11358.
Low Energy Properties of the Random Spin-1/2 Ferromagnetic-Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chain
Hida, Kazuo
1996-01-01
The low energy properties of the spin-1/2 random Heisenberg chain with ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions are studied by means of the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) and real space renormalization group (RSRG) method for finite chains. The results of the two methods are consistent with each other. The deviation of the gap distribution from that of the random singlet phase and the formation of the large-spin state is observed even for relatively small systems. For a s...
The magnetic properties of the spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain with single-ion anisotropy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hu, Gangsan; Zhu, Rengui, E-mail: rgzhu@mail.ahnu.edu.cn
2015-02-15
The magnetic properties of the spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain with exchange anisotropy and single-ion anisotropy are studied by the double-time Green's function method. The determinative equations for the critical temperature, the magnetization, and the zero-field susceptibility are derived analytically. The effects of the anisotropies on the magnetic properties are presented.
Room temperature spin-polarizations of Mn-based antiferromagnetic nanoelectrodes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yamada, Toyo Kazu, E-mail: toyoyamada@faculty.chiba-u.jp [Graduate School of Advanced Integration Science, Chiba University, 1-33, Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi 263-8522, Chiba (Japan); Vazquez de Parga, Amadeo L. [Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia IMDEA-Nanociencia and Dep. Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain)
2014-11-03
Antiferromagnets produce no stray field, and therefore, a tip electrode made of antiferromagnetic material has been considered to be the most suitable choice to measure such as magnetoresistance (MR) through single isolated magnetic nanoparticles, molecules, and ultrathin films. Spin polarizations (P) of antiferromagnetic 3-nm, 6-nm, and annealed 3-nm Mn films grown on W tips with a bcc(110) apex as well as bulk-NiMn tips were obtained at 300 K by measuring MR in ultrahigh vacuum by means of spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy using a layerwise antiferromagnetically stacking bct-Mn(001) film electrode. The Mn-coated tips with coverages of 3 and 6 nm exhibited P values of 1 ± 1% and 3 ± 2%, respectively, which tips likely contain α- or strained Mn. With a thermal assist, the crystalline quality and the magnetic stability of the film could increase. The annealed tip exhibited P = 9 ± 2%. The bulk-NiMn tips exhibit spin polarizations of 0 or 6 ± 2% probably depending on the chemical species (Mn or Ni) present at the apex of the tip. Fe-coated W tips were used to estimate the bct-Mn(001) film spin polarization.
STUDIES OF FCC HEISENBERG ANTIFERROMAGNETS BY MONTE CARLO SIMULATION ON LARGE SPIN ARRAYS
Minor, W.; Giebultowicz, T.
1988-01-01
We report Monte Carlo studies of fcc Heisenberg antiferromagnets carried out on arrays with 108,000 spins. A lattice with only JNN ≠ 0 was found to exhibit a Type I AF order despite the disordered nature of its ground state. Contrary to previous reports, our data indicate in this case a first order phase transition.
Barlowite: A Spin-1/2 Antiferromagnet with a Geometrically Perfect Kagome Motif.
Han, Tian-Heng; Singleton, John; Schlueter, John A
2014-11-28
We present thermodynamic studies of a new spin-1/2 antiferromagnet containing undistorted kagome lattices-barlowite Cu_{4}(OH)_{6}FBr. Magnetic susceptibility gives θ_{CW}=-136 K, while long-range order does not happen until T_{N}=15 K with a weak ferromagnetic moment μkagome lattice makes charge doping promising.
Varma, Chandra M.
2016-08-01
The anomalous transport and thermodynamic properties in the quantum-critical region, in the cuprates, and in the quasi-two dimensional Fe-based superconductors and heavy-fermion compounds, have the same temperature dependences. This can occur only if, despite their vast microscopic differences, a common statistical mechanical model describes their phase transitions. The antiferromagnetic (AFM)-ic models for the latter two, just as the loop-current model for the cuprates, map to the dissipative XY model. The solution of this model in (2+1)D reveals that the critical fluctuations are determined by topological excitations, vortices and a variety of instantons, and not by renormalized spin-wave theories of the Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson type, adapted by Moriya, Hertz and others for quantum-criticality. The absorptive part of the fluctuations is a separable function of momentum \\mathbf{q} , measured from the ordering vector, and of the frequency ω and the temperature T which scale as \\tanh (ω /2T) at criticality. Direct measurements of the fluctuations by neutron scattering in the quasi-two-dimensional heavy fermion and Fe-based compounds, near their antiferromagnetic quantum critical point, are consistent with this form. Such fluctuations, together with the vertex coupling them to fermions, lead to a marginal fermi-liquid, with the imaginary part of the self-energy \\propto \\text{max}(ω,T) for all momenta, a resistivity \\propto T , a T\\ln T contribution to the specific heat, and other singular fermi-liquid properties common to these diverse compounds, as well as to d-wave superconductivity. This is explicitly verified, in the cuprates, by analysis of the pairing and the normal self-energy directly extracted from the recent high resolution angle resolved photoemission measurements. This reveals, in agreement with the theory, that the frequency dependence of the attractive irreducible particle-particle vertex in the d-wave channel is the same as the irreducible
Han, Tianheng
New physics, such as a quantum spin liquid, can emerge in systems where quantum fluctuations are enhanced due to reduced dimensionality and strong frustration . The realization of a quantum spin liquid in two-dimensions would represent a new state of matter. It is believed that spin liquid physics plays a role in the phenomenon of high-Tc superconductivity, and the topological properties of the spin liquid state may have applications in the field of quantum information. The Zn-paratacamite family, ZnxCu4-- x(OH)6Cl2 for x > 0.33, is an ideal system to look for such an exotic state in the form of antiferromagnetic Cu 2 + kagome planes. The x = 1 end member, named herbertsmithite, has shown promising spin liquid properties from prior studies on powder samples. Here we show a new synthesis by which high-quality centimeter-sized single crystals of Znparatacamite have been produced for the first time. Neutron and synchrotron xray diffraction experiments indicate no structural transition down to T = 2 K. The magnetic susceptibility both perpendicular and parallel to the kagome plane has been measured for the x = 1 sample. A small, temperature-dependent anisotropy has been observed, where chi z / chip > 1 at high temperatures and chiz / chip fingerprint of the quantum spin liquid state in herbertsmithite. (Copies available exclusively from MIT Libraries, libraries.mit.edu/docs - docs mit.edu)
Disappearance of antiferromagnetic spin excitations in overdoped La2-xSrxCuO4.
Wakimoto, S; Yamada, K; Tranquada, J M; Frost, C D; Birgeneau, R J; Zhang, H
2007-06-15
Magnetic excitations for energies up to approximately 100 meV are studied for overdoped La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO(4) with x=0.25 and 0.30, using time-of-flight neutron spectroscopy. Comparison of spectra integrated over the width of an antiferromagnetic Brillouin zone demonstrates that the magnetic scattering at intermediate energies, 20
Electric Control of Dirac Quasiparticles by Spin-Orbit Torque in an Antiferromagnet
Šmejkal, L.; Železný, J.; Sinova, J.; Jungwirth, T.
2017-03-01
Spin orbitronics and Dirac quasiparticles are two fields of condensed matter physics initiated independently about a decade ago. Here we predict that Dirac quasiparticles can be controlled by the spin-orbit torque reorientation of the Néel vector in an antiferromagnet. Using CuMnAs as an example, we formulate symmetry criteria allowing for the coexistence of topological Dirac quasiparticles and Néel spin-orbit torques. We identify the nonsymmorphic crystal symmetry protection of Dirac band crossings whose on and off switching is mediated by the Néel vector reorientation. We predict that this concept verified by minimal model and density functional calculations in the CuMnAs semimetal antiferromagnet can lead to a topological metal-insulator transition driven by the Néel vector and to the topological anisotropic magnetoresistance.
Spin-1/2 Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Spatially Anisotropic Kagome Lattice
Schnyder, Andreas; Starykh, Oleg; Balents, Leon
2008-03-01
We study the quasi-one-dimensional limit of the Spin-1/2 quantum antiferromagnet on the Kagome lattice, a model Hamiltonian that might be of relevance for the mineral volborthite [1,2]. The lattice is divided into antiferromagnetic spin-chains (exchange J) that are weakly coupled via intermediate ``dangling'' spins (exchange J'). Using bosonization, renormalization group methods, and current algebra techniques we determine the ground state as a function of J'/J. The case of a strictly one-dimensional Kagome strip is also discussed. [1] Z. Hiroi, M. Hanawa, N. Kobayashi, M. Nohara, Hidenori Takagi, Y. Kato, and M. Takigawa, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 70, 3377 (2001). [2] F. Bert, D. Bono, P. Mendels, F. Ladieu, F. Duc, J.-C. Trumbe, and P. Millet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 087203 (2005).
Probing spin fluctuations in the paramagnetic phase of EuTiO3 by muon spin rotation techniques
Guguchia, Zurab; Keller, Hugo; Shengelaya, Alexander; Kohler, Jurgen; Bussmann-Holder, Annette; Max-Planck-Institut Für Festkörperforschung Collaboration; Department of Physics, Tbilisi State University Collaboration; Paul-Scherrer Institute, Switzerland Collaboration; Superconductivity and magnetism Group, Physik-Institut der Universität Zürich Team
2014-03-01
The muon spin rotation (μSR) technique was used to search for theoretically predicted spin fluctuations in EuTiO3 (ETO) deep in the paramagnetic phase. ETO is a perovskite with cubic structure above TS=282 K, followed by a tetragonal phase below TS and shows antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering at TN=5.7 K. A strong spin-lattice coupling exists at low temperatures. Even though it is not apparent that this spin-lattice coupling continues to high temperatures, model calculations predict a strong paramagnon-phonon coupling at elevated temperatures. In order to test these predictions, μSR studies on ETO have been performed at temperatures above and below TS. While the AFM phase is clearly observed in the μSR signal, a finite signal remains also in the paramagnetic phase, following closely the temperature dependence of the zone boundary soft mode. This unusual finding demonstrates that spin fluctuations are present deep in the paramagnetic phase and are tied to the soft zone boundary mode. This work was partly supported by the Swiss Nationa l Science Foundation and the SCOPES grant No. IZ73Z0_128242.
Spin transport of the frustrated quasi-two-dimensional XY-like antiferromagnet
Lima, L. S.
2017-01-01
We use the Self Consistent Harmonic Approximation together with the Kubo formalism of the Linear Response Theory to study the spin transport in the two-dimensional frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a square lattice with easy-plane ion single anisotropy. The regular part of the spin conductivity σreg(ω) is determined for several values of the critical ion single parameter Dc, that separates the low D region from the large D quantum paramagnetic phase. We have obtained an abrupt change in the spin conductivity in the discontinuity points of the graphic Dc vs. η, where the system presents a quantum phase transition.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fernández-Pacheco, A., E-mail: af457@cam.ac.uk; Mansell, R.; Petit, D.; Lee, J. H.; Cowburn, R. P. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Ummelen, F. C.; Swagten, H. J. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Center for NanoMaterials, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)
2014-09-01
We have designed a bilayer synthetic antiferromagnet where the order of layer reversal can be selected by varying the sweep rate of the applied magnetic field. The system is formed by two ultra-thin ferromagnetic layers with different proximities to the spin reorientation transition, coupled antiferromagnetically using Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interactions. The different dynamic magnetic reversal behavior of both layers produces a crossover in their switching fields for field rates in the kOe/s range. This effect is due to the different effective anisotropy of both layers, added to an appropriate asymmetric antiferromagnetic coupling between them. Field-rate controlled selective switching of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy layers as shown here can be exploited in sensing and memory applications.
Competing antiferromagnetic and spin-glass phases in a hollandite structure
Crespo, Y.; Andreanov, A.; Seriani, N.
2013-07-01
We introduce a simple lattice model with Ising spins as a zeroth-order approximation of the hollandite-type magnetic compounds. We argue that geometrical frustration of the lattice in combination with nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic (AFM) interactions are responsible for the appearance of a spin-glass phase in presence of disorder. We investigate this system numerically using parallel tempering. The model reproduces magnetic transitions present in some oxides with hollandite structure and displays a rich phenomenology: in the absence of disorder we have identified five different ground states, depending on the relative strength and sign of the interactions: one ferromagnetically ordered, three antiferromagnetically ordered, and one disordered, macroscopically degenerate ground state. Remarkably, for the sets of AFM couplings having an AFM ground state in the clean system, there exists a critical value of the disorder above which the ground state becomes a spin glass while maintaining all the couplings antiferromagnetically. This model presents this kind of transition with nearest-neighbor frustrated AFM interactions. We argue that this model is useful for understanding the relation between AFM coupling, disorder, and appearance of spin-glass phases.
Antiferromagnetic order and spin glass behavior in Dy{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Siouris, I.M., E-mail: jsiou@pme.duth.gr [Democritus University of Thrace (DUTH), Production and Management Engineering Department, Materials Laboratory, 67100 Xanthi (Greece); Kremer, R.K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Hoelzel, M. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II), 85748 Garching (Germany)
2011-11-15
The magnetic properties of the intermetallic compound Dy{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3} have been investigated. Ac and dc-susceptibility measurements indicate an onset of antiferromagnetic ordering at T{sub N}=19.5 K and an additional frequency dependent transition at T{sub ds}{approx}9 K. Neutron diffraction studies confirm the ordered transition at 19.5{+-}1 K. The magnetic unit cell can be described by the propagation vector k=(0.25,0.25,0) with the magnetic moment {mu}=2.63(4){mu}{sub B}/Dy{sup 3+} parallel to the c-axis. Nevertheless, neutron diffraction reveals no additional magnetic phase transition around or below 9 K, which suggests that, at lower temperatures, a spin glass state may be formed in coexistence with the antiferromagnetic mode as a result of frustration and the antagonism between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. - Highlights: > Dy{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3} is characterized by the dominance of antiferromagnetic (AF) interactions. > Geometric frustration and crystal field effects prevent the formation of the full magnetic moment on the Dy ions. > Two magnetic regimes are recognized: an AF state and a mixed AF-glassy state. > The antiferromagnetic structure of the compound has been determined.
Jia, C. J.; Nowadnick, E. A.; Wohlfeld, K.; Kung, Y. F.; Chen, C.-C.; Johnston, S.; Tohyama, T.; Moritz, B.; Devereaux, T. P.
2014-02-01
How coherent quasiparticles emerge by doping quantum antiferromagnets is a key question in correlated electron systems, whose resolution is needed to elucidate the phase diagram of copper oxides. Recent resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) experiments in hole-doped cuprates have purported to measure high-energy collective spin excitations that persist well into the overdoped regime and bear a striking resemblance to those found in the parent compound, challenging the perception that spin excitations should weaken with doping and have a diminishing effect on superconductivity. Here we show that RIXS at the Cu L3-edge indeed provides access to the spin dynamical structure factor once one considers the full influence of light polarization. Further we demonstrate that high-energy spin excitations do not correlate with the doping dependence of Tc, while low-energy excitations depend sensitively on doping and show ferromagnetic correlations. This suggests that high-energy spin excitations are marginal to pairing in cuprate superconductors.
Sun, Jia-Tao; Wang, Zhengfei; Meng, S.; Du, Shixuan; Liu, F.; Gao, H.-J.
2016-09-01
Fundamental understanding of two-dimensional materials has spurred a surge in the search for topological quantum phase associated with the valley degree of freedom (VDOF). We discuss a spin-polarized version to the VDOF in which spin degeneracy is broken by the antiferromagnetic exchange coupling (LAFM) between opposite layers of the quasi-two-dimensional silicon nanomembrane (SiNM). Based on first principles calculations, we found that the LAFM state in SiNM can lead to metal-insulator transition (MIT). The broken degeneracy of spin degree of freedom in this insulating state of ultrathin SiNM may differ for different valleys, so that the SiNM can be exploited to produce the spatially separated spin and valley currents. We propose that the tunable spin-polarized valley photocurrents can be generated in an experimentally feasible ellipsometry setup. Our work shows promise for the development of spintronic and valleytronic devices compatible with current silicon industry.
Antiferromagnetic spintronics.
Jungwirth, T; Marti, X; Wadley, P; Wunderlich, J
2016-03-01
Antiferromagnetic materials are internally magnetic, but the direction of their ordered microscopic moments alternates between individual atomic sites. The resulting zero net magnetic moment makes magnetism in antiferromagnets externally invisible. This implies that information stored in antiferromagnetic moments would be invisible to common magnetic probes, insensitive to disturbing magnetic fields, and the antiferromagnetic element would not magnetically affect its neighbours, regardless of how densely the elements are arranged in the device. The intrinsic high frequencies of antiferromagnetic dynamics represent another property that makes antiferromagnets distinct from ferromagnets. Among the outstanding questions is how to manipulate and detect the magnetic state of an antiferromagnet efficiently. In this Review we focus on recent works that have addressed this question. The field of antiferromagnetic spintronics can also be viewed from the general perspectives of spin transport, magnetic textures and dynamics, and materials research. We briefly mention this broader context, together with an outlook of future research and applications of antiferromagnetic spintronics.
The antiferromagnetic cross-coupled spin ladder: Quantum fidelity and tensor networks approach
Chen, Xi-Hao; Cho, Sam Young; Zhou, Huan-Qiang; Batchelor, Murray T.
2016-05-01
We investigate the phase diagram of the cross-coupled Heisenberg spin ladder with antiferromagnetic couplings. For this model, the results for the existence of the columnar dimer phase, which was predicted on the basis of weak coupling field theory renormalization group arguments, have been conflicting. The numerical work on this model has been based on various approaches, including exact diagonalization, series expansions and density-matrix renormalization group calculations. Using the recently-developed tensor network states and groundstate fidelity approach for quantum spin ladders, we find no evidence for the existence of the columnar dimer phase. We also provide an argument based on the symmetry of the Hamiltonian, which suggests that the phase diagram for antiferromagnetic couplings consists of a single line separating the rung-singlet and the Haldane phases.
Magnetism of metals in the dynamic spin-fluctuation theory
Melnikov, N. B.; Reser, B. I.
2016-12-01
We overview new developments in spin-fluctuation theory, which describes magnetic properties of ferromagnetic metals at finite temperatures. We present a detailed analysis of the underlying techniques and compare numerical results with experiment.
su(1,2) Algebraic Structure of XYZ Antiferromagnetic Model in Linear Spin-Wave Frame
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUAN Yong; JIN Shuo; LIN Bing-Sheng; XIE Bing-Hao; JING Si-Cong; YU Zhao-Xian; HOU Jing-Min
2008-01-01
The XYZ antiferromagnetic model in linear spin-wave frame is shown explicitly to have an su(1,2) aigebraic structure: the Hamiltonian can be written as a linear function of the su(1,2) algebra generators. Based on it, the energy eigenvalues are obtained by making use of the similar transformations, and the algebraic diagonalization method is investigated. Some numerical solutions are given, and the results indicate that only one group solution could be accepted in physics.
Hida, Kazuo
1995-01-01
The ground state of the square lattice bilayer quantum antiferromagnet with nearest and next-nearest neighbour intralayer interaction is studied by means of the modified spin wave method. For weak interlayer coupling, the ground state is found to be always magnetically ordered while the quantum disordered phase appear for large enough interlayer coupling. The properties of the disordered phase vary according to the strength of the frustration. In the regime of weak frustration, the disordered...
Susceptibility of the 2D spin-1 / 2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with an impurity.
Höglund, Kaj H; Sandvik, Anders W
2003-08-15
We use a quantum Monte Carlo method (stochastic series expansion) to study the effects of a magnetic or nonmagnetic impurity on the magnetic susceptibility of the two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet. At low temperatures, we find a log-divergent contribution to the transverse susceptibility. We also introduce an effective few-spin model that can quantitatively capture the differences between magnetic and nonmagnetic impurities at high and intermediate temperatures.
Enhancement of antiferromagnetic spin wave in the heavy-fermion superconductors
Koh, Shun-ichiro
2000-06-01
Recently, the inelastic neutron scattering experiments of UPd 2Al 3 showed that a sharp peak indicating a magnetic excitation appears below the superconducting phase transition temperature (M. Metoki et al., J. Phys. Soc. Japan 66 (1997) 2560, N. Bernhoeft et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 (1998) 4244). Assuming this excitation to be an antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin wave, this paper deals with its enhancement by the superconductivity.
Spin flop in one-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet KCuF3
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Shi Qing-Fan; Li Liang-Sheng; Wang Qi
2004-01-01
Following Yamada and Karo [J. Phys. Soc. Japan 63 (1994) 289], we have calculated the frequency-field diagram of antiferromagnetic resonance of KCuF3 using an eight-sublattice model and mean field approximation. A spin flop is found to take place from the [110]p to a direction perpendicular to [110]p in the c-plane at H≌ 42172A-m, which is in good agreement with the data obtained by measuring magnetic susceptibility.
Spin flop in one-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet KCuF3
Shi, Qing-Fan; Li, Liang-Sheng; Wang, Qi
2004-04-01
Following Yamada and Kato [J. Phys. Soc. Japan 63 (1994) 289], we have calculated the frequency-field diagram of antiferromagnetic resonance of KCuF3 using an eight-sublattice model and mean field approximation. A spin flop is found to take place from the [110]p to a direction perpendicular to [110]p in the c-plane at Hsimeq 42172A/m, which is in good agreement with the data obtained by measuring magnetic susceptibility.
Interplay of spin gap and nanoscopic quantum fluctuations in intermetallic CeCu{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Singh, D.K.
2014-05-01
Neutron scattering measurements are used to elucidate interplay of the field-induced spin gap and the quantum fluctuations in archetypal heavy electron system CeCu{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}. A spin gap of Δ=0.56 meV is found to develop near the field-induced quantum critical state at H{sub c}≃8 T-driven by fluctuations of the long range antiferromagnetic order parameter. The superconducting transition temperature in many magnetic superconductors is found to exhibit one-to-one correspondence with the spin gap. In this regard, the demonstration of an interplay of the spin gap with the nanoscopic dynamic correlation provides new arena to explore direct relation between the quantum critical behavior and the unconventional superconductivity, especially in heavy electrons systems.
Superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and neutron scattering
Tranquada, John M.; Xu, Guangyong; Zaliznyak, Igor A.
2014-01-01
High-temperature superconductivity in both the copper-oxide and the iron-pnictide/chalcogenide systems occurs in close proximity to antiferromagnetically ordered states. Neutron scattering has been an essential technique for characterizing the spin correlations in the antiferromagnetic phases and for demonstrating how the spin fluctuations persist in the superconductors. While the nature of the spin correlations in the superconductors remains controversial, the neutron scattering measurements of magnetic excitations over broad ranges of energy and momentum transfers provide important constraints on the theoretical options. We present an overview of the neutron scattering work on high-temperature superconductors and discuss some of the outstanding issues.
Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice.
Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru
2016-06-24
Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2,1/2,1/2) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.
Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice
Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru
2016-06-01
Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2 ,1/2 ,1/2 ) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.
Antiferromagnetic nuclear spin helix and topological superconductivity in 13C nanotubes
Hsu, Chen-Hsuan; Stano, Peter; Klinovaja, Jelena; Loss, Daniel
2015-12-01
We investigate the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interaction arising from the hyperfine coupling between localized nuclear spins and conduction electrons in interacting 13C carbon nanotubes. Using the Luttinger liquid formalism, we show that the RKKY interaction is sublattice dependent, consistent with the spin susceptibility calculation in noninteracting carbon nanotubes, and it leads to an antiferromagnetic nuclear spin helix in finite-size systems. The transition temperature reaches up to tens of mK, due to a strong boost by a positive feedback through the Overhauser field from ordered nuclear spins. Similar to GaAs nanowires, the formation of the helical nuclear spin order gaps out half of the conduction electrons, and is therefore observable as a reduction of conductance by a factor of 2 in a transport experiment. The nuclear spin helix leads to a density wave combining spin and charge degrees of freedom in the electron subsystem, resulting in synthetic spin-orbit interaction, which induces nontrivial topological phases. As a result, topological superconductivity with Majorana fermion bound states can be realized in the system in the presence of proximity-induced superconductivity without the need of fine tuning the chemical potential. We present the phase diagram as a function of system parameters, including the pairing gaps, the gap due to the nuclear spin helix, and the Zeeman field perpendicular to the helical plane.
Rufo, Sabrina; Mendonça, Griffith; Plascak, J A; de Sousa, J Ricardo
2013-09-01
The ground-state properties of the quasi-one-dimensional spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model is investigated by using a variational method. Spins on chains along the x direction are antiferromagnetically coupled with exchange J>0, while spins between chains in the y direction are coupled either ferromagnetically (J' 0). The staggered and the colinear antiferromagnetic magnetizations are computed and their dependence on the anisotropy parameter λ=|J'|/J is analyzed. It is found that an infinitesimal interchain coupling parameter is sufficient to stabilize a long-range order with either a staggered magnetization m_{s} (J' > 0) or a colinear antiferromagnetic magnetization m_{caf} (J' < 0), both behaving as ≃λ¹/² for λ → 0.
Universal spin-polarization fluctuations in one-dimensional wires with magnetic impurities
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mortensen, Asger; Egues, J.C.
2002-01-01
-flip suppresses conductance fluctuations while enhancing spin-polarization fluctuations. More importantly, spin-polarization fluctuations attain a universal value 1/3 for large enough spin-flip strengths. This intrinsic spin-polarization fluctuation may pose a severe limiting factor to the realization of steady...
Magnetic ordering in tetragonal FeS: Evidence for strong itinerant spin fluctuations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kwon, K.D.; Refson, K.; Bone, S.; Qiao, R.; Yang, W.; Liu, Z.; Sposito, G.
2010-11-01
Mackinawite is a naturally occurring layer-type FeS mineral important in biogeochemical cycles and, more recently, in the development of microbial fuel cells. Conflicting results have been published as to the magnetic properties of this mineral, with Moessbauer spectroscopy indicating no magnetic ordering down to 4.2 K but density functional theory (DFT) predicting an antiferromagnetic ground state, similar to the Fe-based high-temperature superconductors with which it is isostructural and for which it is known that magnetism is suppressed by strong itinerant spin fluctuations. We investigated this latter possibility for mackinawite using photoemission spectroscopy, near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, and DFT computations. Our Fe 3{sub s} core-level photoemission spectrum of mackinawite showed a clear exchange-energy splitting (2.9 eV) consistent with a 1 {micro}{sub B} magnetic moment on the Fe ions, while the Fe L-edge x-ray absorption spectrum indicated rather delocalized Fe 3{sub d} electrons in mackinawite similar to those in Fe metal. Our DFT computations demonstrated that the ground state of mackinawite is single-stripe antiferromagnetic, with an Fe magnetic moment (2.7 {micro}{sub B}) that is significantly larger than the experimental estimate and has a strong dependence on the S height and lattice parameters. All of these trends signal the existence of strong itinerant spin fluctuations. If spin fluctuations prove to be mediators of electron pairing, we conjecture that mackinawite may be one of the simplest Fe-based superconductors.
Link between spin fluctuations and electron pairing in copper oxide superconductors.
Jin, K; Butch, N P; Kirshenbaum, K; Paglione, J; Greene, R L
2011-08-03
Although it is generally accepted that superconductivity is unconventional in the high-transition-temperature copper oxides, the relative importance of phenomena such as spin and charge (stripe) order, superconductivity fluctuations, proximity to a Mott insulator, a pseudogap phase and quantum criticality are still a matter of debate. In electron-doped copper oxides, the absence of an anomalous pseudogap phase in the underdoped region of the phase diagram and weaker electron correlations suggest that Mott physics and other unidentified competing orders are less relevant and that antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations are the dominant feature. Here we report a study of magnetotransport in thin films of the electron-doped copper oxide La(2 - x)Ce(x)CuO(4). We show that a scattering rate that is linearly dependent on temperature--a key feature of the anomalous normal state properties of the copper oxides--is correlated with the electron pairing. We also show that an envelope of such scattering surrounds the superconducting phase, surviving to zero temperature when superconductivity is suppressed by magnetic fields. Comparison with similar behaviour found in organic superconductors strongly suggests that the linear dependence on temperature of the resistivity in the electron-doped copper oxides is caused by spin-fluctuation scattering.
Fluctuation-dissipation ratio of the Heisenberg spin glass.
Kawamura, Hikaru
2003-06-13
The fluctuation-dissipation (FD) relation of the three-dimensional Heisenberg spin glass with weak random anisotropy is studied by off-equilibrium Monte Carlo simulation. The numerically determined FD ratio exhibits a "one-step-like" behavior, the effective temperature of the spin-glass state being about twice the spin-glass transition temperature, T(eff) approximately 2T(g), irrespective of the bath temperature. The results are discussed in conjunction with the recent experiment by Hérisson and Ocio, and with the chirality scenario of the spin-glass transition.
Spin wave dynamics in Heisenberg ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic single-walled nanotubes
Mi, Bin-Zhou
2016-09-01
The spin wave dynamics, including the magnetization, spin wave dispersion relation, and energy level splitting, of Heisenberg ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic single-walled nanotubes are systematically calculated by use of the double-time Green's function method within the random phase approximation. The role of temperature, diameter of the tube, and wave vector on spin wave energy spectrum and energy level splitting are carefully analyzed. There are two categories of spin wave modes, which are quantized and degenerate, and the total number of independent magnon branches is dependent on diameter of the tube, caused by the physical symmetry of nanotubes. Moreover, the number of flat spin wave modes increases with diameter of the tube rising. The spin wave energy and the energy level splitting decrease with temperature rising, and become zero as temperature reaches the critical point. At any temperature, the energy level splitting varies with wave vector, and for a larger wave vector it is smaller. When pb=π, the boundary of first Brillouin zone, spin wave energies are degenerate, and the energy level splittings are zero.
Spin wave dynamics in Heisenberg ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic single-walled nanotubes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mi, Bin-Zhou, E-mail: mbzfjerry2008@126.com [Department of Basic Curriculum, North China Institute of Science and Technology, Beijing 101601 (China); Department of Physics, School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China)
2016-09-15
The spin wave dynamics, including the magnetization, spin wave dispersion relation, and energy level splitting, of Heisenberg ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic single-walled nanotubes are systematically calculated by use of the double-time Green’s function method within the random phase approximation. The role of temperature, diameter of the tube, and wave vector on spin wave energy spectrum and energy level splitting are carefully analyzed. There are two categories of spin wave modes, which are quantized and degenerate, and the total number of independent magnon branches is dependent on diameter of the tube, caused by the physical symmetry of nanotubes. Moreover, the number of flat spin wave modes increases with diameter of the tube rising. The spin wave energy and the energy level splitting decrease with temperature rising, and become zero as temperature reaches the critical point. At any temperature, the energy level splitting varies with wave vector, and for a larger wave vector it is smaller. When pb=π, the boundary of first Brillouin zone, spin wave energies are degenerate, and the energy level splittings are zero.
Spin-Ice State of the Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Pyrochlore Lattice.
Huang, Yuan; Chen, Kun; Deng, Youjin; Prokof'ev, Nikolay; Svistunov, Boris
2016-04-29
We study the low-temperature physics of the SU(2)-symmetric spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice and find "fingerprint" evidence for the thermal spin-ice state in this frustrated quantum magnet. Our conclusions are based on the results of bold diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations, with good convergence of the skeleton series down to the temperature T/J=1/6. The identification of the spin-ice state is done through a remarkably accurate microscopic correspondence for the static structure factor between the quantum Heisenberg, classical Heisenberg, and Ising models at all accessible temperatures, and the characteristic bowtie pattern with pinch points observed at T/J=1/6. The dynamic structure factor at real frequencies (obtained by the analytic continuation of numerical data) is consistent with diffusive spinon dynamics at the pinch points.
Spin-Ice State of the Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Pyrochlore Lattice
Huang, Yuan; Chen, Kun; Deng, Youjin; Prokof'ev, Nikolay; Svistunov, Boris
2016-04-01
We study the low-temperature physics of the SU(2)-symmetric spin-1 /2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice and find "fingerprint" evidence for the thermal spin-ice state in this frustrated quantum magnet. Our conclusions are based on the results of bold diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations, with good convergence of the skeleton series down to the temperature T /J =1 /6 . The identification of the spin-ice state is done through a remarkably accurate microscopic correspondence for the static structure factor between the quantum Heisenberg, classical Heisenberg, and Ising models at all accessible temperatures, and the characteristic bowtie pattern with pinch points observed at T /J =1 /6 . The dynamic structure factor at real frequencies (obtained by the analytic continuation of numerical data) is consistent with diffusive spinon dynamics at the pinch points.
Spin-resolved photoemission anti-ferromagnets : Direct observation of Zhang-Rice singlets in CuO
Tjeng, LH; Sinkovic, B; Brookes, NB; Goedkoop, JB; Hesper, R; Pellegrin, E; deGroot, FMF; Altieri, S; Hulbert, SL; Shekel, E; Sawatzky, GA
1997-01-01
We demonstrate that it is possible to obtain spin-resolved valence band spectra with a very high degree of spin polarization from antiferromagnetic transition metal materials if the excitation light is circularly polarized and has an energy close to the cation 2p(3/2) (L(3)) white line. We are able
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antal, Agnes; Feher, Titusz; Janossy, Andras [Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Institute of Physics and Condensed Matter Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 91, 1521 Budapest (Hungary); Nafradi, Balint; Forro, Laszlo [Institute of Physics of Complex Matter, FBS, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)
2012-05-15
We report on magnetic fluctuations studied by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy in the layered organic crystal {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl. A line broadening above the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature, T{sub N} = 23 K is attributed to two-dimensional magnetic fluctuations of a staggered magnetization induced by the interplay of the magnetic field and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Spin liquid nature in the Heisenberg J1-J2 triangular antiferromagnet
Iqbal, Yasir; Hu, Wen-Jun; Thomale, Ronny; Poilblanc, Didier; Becca, Federico
2016-04-01
We investigate the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the triangular lattice in the presence of nearest-neighbor J1 and next-nearest-neighbor J2 antiferromagnetic couplings. Motivated by recent findings from density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) claiming the existence of a gapped spin liquid with signatures of spontaneously broken lattice point group symmetry [Zhu and White, Phys. Rev. B 92, 041105 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.041105 and Hu, Gong, Zhu, and Sheng, Phys. Rev. B 92, 140403 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.140403], we employ the variational Monte Carlo (VMC) approach to analyze the model from an alternative perspective that considers both magnetically ordered and paramagnetic trial states. We find a quantum paramagnet in the regime 0.08 ≲J2/J1≲0.16 , framed by 120∘ coplanar (stripe collinear) antiferromagnetic order for smaller (larger) J2/J1 . By considering the optimization of spin-liquid wave functions of a different gauge group and lattice point group content as derived from Abrikosov mean-field theory, we obtain the gapless U(1 ) Dirac spin liquid as the energetically most preferable state in comparison to all symmetric or nematic gapped Z2 spin liquids so far advocated by DMRG. Moreover, by the application of few Lanczos iterations, we find the energy to be the same as the DMRG result within error bars. To further resolve the intriguing disagreement between VMC and DMRG, we complement our methodological approach by the pseudofermion functional renormalization group (PFFRG) to compare the spin structure factors for the paramagnetic regime calculated by VMC, DMRG, and PFFRG. This model promises to be an ideal test bed for future numerical refinements in tracking the long-range correlations in frustrated magnets.
Phase Diagram in a Random Mixture of Two Antiferromagnets with Competing Spin Anisotropies. I
Someya, Yoshiko
1981-12-01
The phase diagram of a random mixture of two antiferromagnets with competing spin anisotropies (A1-xBx) has been analyzed by extending the theory of Matsubara and Inawashiro, and Oguchi and Ishikawa. In the model assumed, the anisotropy energies are expressed by the anisotropic exchange interactions. According to this formulation, it has been shown that the concentration dependence of TN becomes a function of \\includegraphics{dummy.eps}, where P, Q=A, B; SP is a magnitude of P-spin, and JPQη is a η component of exchange integral between P- and Q-spin). Further, the phase boundary between an AF phase and an OAF (oblique antiferromagnetic) phase at T{=}0 K has been shown to be determined by α({\\equiv}SB/SA), if \\includegraphics{dummy.eps} are given. The obtained phase diagrams for Fe1-xCoxCl2, K2Mn1-xFexF4 and Fe1-xCoxCl2\\cdot2H2O are compared with the experimental ones.
Liu, Tao; Li, Wei; Su, Gang
2016-09-01
Three different tensor network (TN) optimization algorithms are employed to accurately determine the ground state and thermodynamic properties of the spin-3/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. We found that the √{3 }×√{3 } state (i.e., the state with 120° spin configuration within a unit cell containing 9 sites) is the ground state of this system, and such an ordered state is melted at any finite temperature, thereby clarifying the existing experimental controversies. Three magnetization plateaus (m /ms=1 /3 ,23 /27 , and 25/27) were obtained, where the 1/3-magnetization plateau has been observed experimentally. The absence of a zero-magnetization plateau indicates a gapless spin excitation that is further supported by the thermodynamic asymptotic behaviors of the susceptibility and specific heat. At low temperatures, the specific heat is shown to exhibit a T2 behavior, and the susceptibility approaches a finite constant as T →0 . Our TN results of thermodynamic properties are compared with those from high-temperature series expansion. In addition, we disclose a quantum phase transition between q =0 state (i.e., the state with 120° spin configuration within a unit cell containing three sites) and √{3 }×√{3 } state in a spin-3/2 kagome XXZ model at the critical point Δc=0.54 . This study provides reliable and useful information for further explorations on high-spin kagome physics.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wills, A S; Bisson, W G, E-mail: a.s.wills@ucl.ac.uk [Department of Chemistry, University College London, 20 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AJ (United Kingdom)
2011-04-27
The jarosites are the most studied examples of kagome antiferromagnets. Research into them has inspired new directions in magnetism, such as the role of the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction in symmetry breaking, kagome spin ice, and whether spin glass-like phases can exist in the disorder-free limit. This last point is based around the observation of unconventional thermodynamic and kinetic responses in hydronium jarosite, H{sub 3}OFe{sub 3}(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}(OH){sub 6}, that have led to its classification as a 'topological' spin glass, reflecting the defining role that the underlying geometry of the kagome lattice plays in the formation of the spin glass state. In this paper we explore one of the fundamental questions concerning the frustrated magnetism in hydronium jarosite: whether the spin glass phase is the result of chemical disorder and concomitant randomness in the exchange interactions. Confirming previous crystallographic studies, we use elemental analysis to show that the nature of the low temperature magnetic state is not a simple function of chemical disorder and provide evidence to support the hypothesis that anisotropies drive the spin glass transition.
Wills, A S; Bisson, W G
2011-04-27
The jarosites are the most studied examples of kagome antiferromagnets. Research into them has inspired new directions in magnetism, such as the role of the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction in symmetry breaking, kagome spin ice, and whether spin glass-like phases can exist in the disorder-free limit. This last point is based around the observation of unconventional thermodynamic and kinetic responses in hydronium jarosite, H(3)OFe(3)(SO(4))(2)(OH)(6), that have led to its classification as a 'topological' spin glass, reflecting the defining role that the underlying geometry of the kagome lattice plays in the formation of the spin glass state. In this paper we explore one of the fundamental questions concerning the frustrated magnetism in hydronium jarosite: whether the spin glass phase is the result of chemical disorder and concomitant randomness in the exchange interactions. Confirming previous crystallographic studies, we use elemental analysis to show that the nature of the low temperature magnetic state is not a simple function of chemical disorder and provide evidence to support the hypothesis that anisotropies drive the spin glass transition.
Spin-1/2 Heisenberg J1-J2 antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice
Iqbal, Yasir; Poilblanc, Didier; Becca, Federico
2015-01-01
We report variational Monte Carlo calculations for the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice in the presence of both nearest-neighbor J1 and next-nearest-neighbor J2 antiferromagnetic superexchange couplings. Our approach is based upon Gutzwiller projected fermionic states that represent a flexible tool to describe quantum spin liquids with different properties (e.g., gapless and gapped). We show that, on finite clusters, a gapped Z2 spin liquid can be stabilized in the presence of a finite J2 superexchange, with a substantial energy gain with respect to the gapless U (1 ) Dirac spin liquid. However, this energy gain vanishes in the thermodynamic limit, implying that, at least within this approach, the U (1 ) Dirac spin liquid remains stable in a relatively large region of the phase diagram. For J2/J1≳0.3 , we find that a magnetically ordered state with q =0 overcomes the magnetically disordered wave functions, suggesting the end of the putative gapless spin-liquid phase.
Quantum entanglement in trimer spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains with antiferromagnetic coupling
Del Cima, O M; da Silva, S L L
2015-01-01
The quantum entanglement measure is determined, for the first time, for antiferromagnetic trimer spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains. The physical quantity proposed to measure the entanglement is the distance between states by adopting the Hilbert-Schmidt norm. The method is applied to the new magnetic Cu(II) trimer system, 2b.3CuCl_2.2H_2O, and to the trinuclear Cu(II) halide salt, (3MAP)_2Cu_2Cl_8. The decoherence temperature, above which the entanglement is suppressed, is determined for the both systems. A correlation among their decoherence temperatures and their respective exchange coupling constants is established.
Specific Heat of the Spin-1/2 Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chain
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
云国宏; 梁希侠
2001-01-01
A simple analytic theory of thermodynamics at finite temperature for the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain is proposed based on the picture of the particle-hole pair excitations. The dispersion relation of the particle-hole pairs is derived in the formulation of thermodynamic Bethe ansatz provided that the particles and holes have the same energy and they are excited as normalmodes. It is shown that the behaviour of the specific heat is in excellent agreement with the numerical and experimental results.
Fluctuation dissipation relation in an ageing spin glass
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Herisson, D. E-mail: didier.herisson@angstrom.uu.se; Ocio, M
2004-05-01
The time autocorrelation of magnetic fluctuations C(t',t) has been measured in a spin glass, and compared with the magnetic response {chi}(t',t). Clearly, we observe a non-linear fluctuation dissipation relation between C and {chi}. A scaling procedure allows us to extrapolate to the limit of long waiting times t', where the {chi}(C) relationship should become independent of t'.
Gorobets, Y. I.; Gorobets, Y.; Kulish, V. V.
2017-01-01
In the paper, spin waves in a uniaxial two-sublattice antiferromagnet are investigated. A new class of self-similar solutions of the Landau-Lifshitz equation is obtained and, therefore, a new type of spin waves is described. Examples of solutions of the found class are presented. New type of solution admits both linear and non-linear spin waves, including solitons. Space transformations used in the solution are mathematically analogous to the relativistic transformations.
Linear Response Calculations of Spin Fluctuations
Savrasov, S. Y.
1998-09-01
A variational formulation of the time-dependent linear response based on the Sternheimer method is developed in order to make practical ab initio calculations of dynamical spin susceptibilities of solids. Using gradient density functional and a muffin-tin-orbital representation, the efficiency of the approach is demonstrated by applications to selected magnetic and strongly paramagnetic metals. The results are found to be consistent with experiment and are compared with previous theoretical calculations.
Law, J M; Benner, H; Kremer, R K
2013-02-13
The temperature dependence of the spin susceptibilities of S = 1, 3/2, 2, 5/2 and 7/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic 1D spins chains with nearest-neighbor coupling was simulated via quantum Monte Carlo calculations, within the reduced temperature range of 0.005 ≤ T* ≤ 100, and fitted to a Padé approximation with deviations between the simulated and fitted data of the same order of magnitude as or smaller than the quantum Monte Carlo simulation error. To demonstrate the practicality of our theoretical findings, we compare these results with the susceptibility of the well known 1D chain compound TMMC ([(CH(3))(4)N[MnCl(3)
Sahoo, Shaon; Durga Prasad Goli, V M L; Sen, Diptiman; Ramasesha, S
2014-07-09
We study Heisenberg spin-1/2 and spin-1 chains with alternating ferromagnetic (J(F)(1)) and antiferromagnetic (J(A)(1)) nearest-neighbor interactions and a ferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor interaction (J(F)(2)). In this model frustration is present due to the non-zero J(F)(2). The model with site spin s behaves like a Haldane spin chain, with site spin 2s in the limit of vanishing J(F)(2)and large J(F)(1)/J(A)(1). We show that the exact ground state of the model can be found along a line in the parameter space. For fixed J(F)(1), the phase diagram in the space of J(A)(1)-J(F)(2) is determined using numerical techniques complemented by analytical calculations. A number of quantities, including the structure factor, energy gap, entanglement entropy and zero temperature magnetization, are studied to understand the complete phase diagram. An interesting and potentially important feature of this model is that it can exhibit a macroscopic magnetization jump in the presence of a magnetic field; we study this using an effective Hamiltonian.
Universal spin-Hall conductance fluctuations in two dimensions.
Ren, Wei; Qiao, Zhenhua; Wang, Jian; Sun, Qingfeng; Guo, Hong
2006-08-11
We report a theoretical investigation on spin-Hall conductance fluctuation of disordered four-terminal devices in the presence of Rashba or/and Dresselhaus spin-orbital interactions in two dimensions. As a function of disorder, the spin-Hall conductance GsH shows ballistic, diffusive, and insulating transport regimes. For given spin-orbit interactions, a universal spin-Hall conductance fluctuation (USCF) is found in the diffusive regime. The value of the USCF depends on the spin-orbit coupling tso but is independent of other system parameters. It is also independent of whether Rashba or Dresselhaus or both spin-orbital interactions are present. When tso is comparable to the hopping energy t, the USCF is a universal number approximately 0.18e/4pi. The distribution of GsH crosses over from a Gaussian distribution in the metallic regime to a non-Gaussian distribution in the insulating regime as the disorder strength is increased.
Magnetization switching by spin-orbit torque in an antiferromagnet-ferromagnet bilayer system
Fukami, Shunsuke; Zhang, Chaoliang; Duttagupta, Samik; Kurenkov, Aleksandr; Ohno, Hideo
2016-05-01
Spin-orbit torque (SOT)-induced magnetization switching shows promise for realizing ultrafast and reliable spintronics devices. Bipolar switching of the perpendicular magnetization by the SOT is achieved under an in-plane magnetic field collinear with an applied current. Typical structures studied so far comprise a nonmagnet/ferromagnet (NM/FM) bilayer, where the spin Hall effect in the NM is responsible for the switching. Here we show that an antiferromagnet/ferromagnet (AFM/FM) bilayer system also exhibits a SOT large enough to switch the magnetization of the FM. In this material system, thanks to the exchange bias of the AFM, we observe the switching in the absence of an applied field by using an antiferromagnetic PtMn and ferromagnetic Co/Ni multilayer with a perpendicular easy axis. Furthermore, tailoring the stack achieves a memristor-like behaviour where a portion of the reversed magnetization can be controlled in an analogue manner. The AFM/FM system is thus a promising building block for SOT devices as well as providing an attractive pathway towards neuromorphic computing.
Temperature dependence of fluctuation time scales in spin glasses
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kenning, Gregory G.; Bowen, J.; Sibani, Paolo;
2010-01-01
Using a series of fast cooling protocols we have probed aging effects in the spin glass state as a function of temperature. Analyzing the logarithmic decay found at very long time scales within a simple phenomenological barrier model, leads to the extraction of the fluctuation time scale of the s...
Charge and spin fluctuations in the density functional theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gyoerffy, B.L.; Barbieri, A. (Bristol Univ. (UK). H.H. Wills Physics Lab.); Staunton, J.B. (Warwick Univ., Coventry (UK). Dept. of Physics); Shelton, W.A.; Stocks, G.M. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))
1990-01-01
We introduce a conceptual framework which allow us to treat charge and spin fluctuations about the Local density Approximation (LDA) to the Density Functional Theory (DFT). We illustrate the approach by explicit study of the Disordered Local Moment (DLM) state in Fe above the Curie Temperature {Tc} and the Mott insulating state in MnO. 27 refs., 6 figs.
Yasuda, Chitoshi; Todo, Synge; Matsumoto, Munehisa; Takayama, Hajime
2002-01-01
Dilution effects on spin-1/2 quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets with a non-magnetic spin-gapped ground state are studied by means of the qunatum Monte Carlo simulation. In the site-diluted system, an antiferromagnetic long-range order (AF-LRO) is induced at an infinitesimal concentration of dilution due to an effective coupling $\\tilde{J}_{mn}$ between induced magnetic moments. In the bond-diluted case, on the other hand, the AF-LRO is not induced up to a certain concentration of dilution du...
The spin Hall effect as a probe of nonlinear spin fluctuations.
Wei, D H; Niimi, Y; Gu, B; Ziman, T; Maekawa, S; Otani, Y
2012-01-01
The spin Hall effect and its inverse have key roles in spintronic devices as they allow conversion of charge currents to and from spin currents. The conversion efficiency strongly depends on material details, such as the electronic band structure and the nature of impurities. Here we show an anomaly in the inverse spin Hall effect in weak ferromagnetic NiPd alloys near their Curie temperatures with a shape independent of material details, such as Ni concentrations. By extending Kondo's model for the anomalous Hall effect, we explain the observed anomaly as originating from the second-order nonlinear spin fluctuation of Ni moments. This brings to light an essential symmetry difference between the spin Hall effect and the anomalous Hall effect, which reflects the first-order nonlinear fluctuations of local moments. Our finding opens up a new application of the spin Hall effect, by which a minuscule magnetic moment can be detected.
Theory of spin-fluctuation induced superconductivity in iron-based superconductors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, Junhua [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
2011-01-01
In this dissertation we focus on the investigation of the pairing mechanism in the recently discovered high-temperature superconductor, iron pnictides. Due to the proximity to magnetic instability of the system, we considered short-range spin fluctuations as the major mediating source to induce superconductivity. Our calculation supports the magnetic fluctuations as a strong candidate that drives Cooper-pair formation in this material. We find the corresponding order parameter to be of the so-called ss-wave type and show its evolution with temperature as well as the capability of supporting high transition temperature up to several tens of Kelvin. On the other hand, our itinerant model calculation shows pronounced spin correlation at the observed antiferromagnetic ordering wave vector, indicating the underlying electronic structure in favor of antiferromagnetic state. Therefore, the electronic degrees of freedom could participate both in the magnetic and in the superconducting properties. Our work shows that the interplay between magnetism and superconductivity plays an important role to the understanding of the rich physics in this material. The magnetic-excitation spectrum carries important information on the nature of magnetism and the characteristics of superconductivity. We analyze the spin excitation spectrum in the normal and superconducting states of iron pnictides in the magnetic scenario. As a consequence of the sign-reversed gap structure obtained in the above, a spin resonance mode appears below the superconducting transition temperature. The calculated resonance energy, scaled with the gap magnitude and the magnetic correlation length, agrees well with the inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements. More interestingly, we find a common feature of those short-range spin fluctuations that are capable of inducing a fully gapped ss state is the momentum anisotropy with elongated span along the direction transverse to the antiferromagnetic momentum
Riera, José A.
2017-01-01
A system composed of a conducting planar strip with Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC), magnetically coupled to a layer of localized magnetic moments, at equilibrium, is studied within a microscopic Hamiltonian with numerical techniques at zero temperature in the clean limit. In particular, transport properties for the cases of ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) coupled layers are computed in linear response on strips of varying width. Some behaviors observed for these properties are consistent with the ones observed for the corresponding Rashba helical currents. The case of uncoupled Rashba strips is also studied for comparison. In the case of Rashba strips coupled to an AFM localized order, results for the longitudinal dc conductivity, for small strip widths, suggest the proximity to a metal-insulator transition. More interesting, in the proximity of this transition, and in general at intermediate values of the RSOC, a large spin Hall conductivity is observed that is two orders of magnitude larger than the one for the FM order for the same values of the RSOC and strip widths. There are clearly two different regimes for small and for large RSOC, which is also present in the behavior of Rashba helical currents. Different contributions to the optical and the spin Hall conductivities, according to a new classification of inter- or intraband origin proposed for planar strips in the clean limit, or coming from the hopping or spin-orbit terms of the Hamiltonian, are examined. Finally, the effects of different orientation of the coupled magnetic moments will be also studied.
Search for the Heisenberg spin glass on rewired cubic lattices with antiferromagnetic interaction
Surungan, Tasrief
2016-10-01
Spin glass (SG) is a typical magnetic system which is mainly characterized by a frozen random spin orientation at low temperatures. Frustration and randomness are considered to be the key ingredients for the existence of SGs. Previously, Bartolozzi et al. [Phys. Rev. B73, 224419 (2006)] found that the antiferromagnetic (AF) Ising spins on scale free network (SFN) exhibited SG behavior. This is purely AF system, a new type of SG different from the canonical one which requires the presence of both FM and AF couplings. In this new system, frustration is purely due to a topological factor and its randomness is brought by irregular connectivity. Recently, it was reported that the AF Heisenberg model on SFN exhibited SG behavior [Surungan et al., JPCS, 640, 012005 (2015)/doi:10.1088/1742-6596/640/1/012005]. In order to accommodate the notion of spatial dimension, we further investigated this type of system by studying an AF Heisenberg model on rewired cubic lattices, constructed by adding one extra bond randomly connecting each spin to one of its next-nearest neighbors. We used Replica Exchange algorithm of Monte Carlo Method and calculated the SG order parameter to search for the existence of SG phase.
Quantum-spin-liquid states in the two-dimensional kagome antiferromagnets ZnxCu4-x(OD)6Cl2.
Lee, S-H; Kikuchi, H; Qiu, Y; Lake, B; Huang, Q; Habicht, K; Kiefer, K
2007-11-01
A three-dimensional system of interacting spins typically develops static long-range order when it is cooled. If the spins are quantum (S=1/2), however, novel quantum paramagnetic states may appear. The most highly sought state among them is the resonating-valence-bond state, in which every pair of neighbouring quantum spins forms an entangled spin singlet (valence bonds) and these singlets are quantum mechanically resonating among themselves. Here we provide an experimental indication for such quantum paramagnetic states existing in frustrated antiferromagnets, Zn(x)Cu(4-x)(OD)(6)Cl(2), where the S=1/2 magnetic Cu2+ moments form layers of a two-dimensional kagome lattice. We find that in Cu(4)(OD)(6)Cl(2), where distorted kagome planes are weakly coupled, a dispersionless excitation mode appears in the magnetic excitation spectrum below approximately 20 K, whose characteristics resemble those of quantum spin singlets in a solid state, known as a valence-bond solid, that breaks translational symmetry. Doping with non-magnetic Zn2+ ions reduces the distortion of the kagome lattice, and weakens the interplane coupling but also dilutes the magnetic occupancy of the kagome lattice. The valence-bond-solid state is suppressed, and for ZnCu(3)(OD)(6)Cl(2), where the kagome planes are undistorted and 90% occupied by the Cu2+ ions, the low-energy spin fluctuations become featureless.
Boundary-induced spin-density waves in linear Heisenberg antiferromagnetic spin chains with S ≥1
Dey, Dayasindhu; Kumar, Manoranjan; Soos, Zoltán G.
2016-10-01
Linear Heisenberg antiferromagnets (HAFs) are chains of spin-S sites with isotropic exchange J between neighbors. Open and periodic boundary conditions return the same ground-state energy per site in the thermodynamic limit, but not the same spin SG when S ≥1 . The ground state of open chains of N spins has SG=0 or S , respectively, for even or odd N . Density-matrix renormalization-group calculations with different algorithms for even and odd N are presented up to N =500 for the energy and spin densities ρ (r ,N ) of edge states in HAFs with S =1 , 3/2, and 2. The edge states are boundary-induced spin density waves (BI-SDWs) with ρ (r ,N ) ∝(-1) r -1 for r =1 ,2 ,...,N . The SDWs are in phase when N is odd, are out of phase when N is even, and have finite excitation energy Γ (N ) that decreases exponentially with N for integer S and faster than 1 /N for half integer S . The spin densities and excitation energy are quantitatively modeled for integer S chains longer than 5 ξ spins by two parameters, the correlation length ξ and the SDW amplitude, with ξ =6.048 for S =1 and 49.0 for S =2 . The BI-SDWs of S =3 /2 chains are not localized and are qualitatively different for even and odd N . Exchange between the ends for odd N is mediated by a delocalized effective spin in the middle that increases |Γ (N )| and weakens the size dependence. The nonlinear sigma model (NL σ M ) has been applied to the HAFs, primarily to S =1 with even N , to discuss spin densities and exchange between localized states at the ends as Γ (N ) ∝(-1) Nexp(-N /ξ ) . S =1 chains with odd N are fully consistent with the NL σ M ; S =2 chains have two gaps Γ (N ) with the same ξ as predicted whose ratio is 3.45 rather than 3; the NL σ M is more approximate for S =3 /2 chains with even N and is modified for exchange between ends for odd N .
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵力; 李建新; 龚昌德; 赵柏儒
2002-01-01
In a self-consistent mean-field treatment of the two-dimensional t - t＇ - J model, we theoretically examine thecoupling of in-plane quasi-particles to the antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in high-Tc superconductors, whichrenormalizes the fermionic self-energy. We reproduce the characteristic peak,lip-hump structure observed notonly in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, but also in superconductor-insulator-normal metal junctionsand scanning tunnelling microscopy experiments. We consider the evolution of this structure with doping. Itis shown that this kind of coupling can account for many anomalous properties of high-Tc superconductors insuperconducting states.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kawasaki, Yu; Gavilano, Jorge L.; Keller, Lukas
2011-01-01
We report a neutron diffraction and muon spin relaxation mu SR study of static and dynamical magnetic properties of BaCo2V2O8, a quasi-one-dimensional spin-chain system. A proposed model for the antiferromagnetic structure includes: a propagation vector (k) over right arrow (AF) = (0,0,1), indepe......We report a neutron diffraction and muon spin relaxation mu SR study of static and dynamical magnetic properties of BaCo2V2O8, a quasi-one-dimensional spin-chain system. A proposed model for the antiferromagnetic structure includes: a propagation vector (k) over right arrow (AF) = (0...... at different muon stopping sites. Muon time spectra measured at weak longitudinal fields and temperatures much higher than T-N can be well described using a single muon site with an exponential muon spin relaxation that gradually changes into an stretched exponential on approaching T-N. The temperature...
Maeter, H; Zvyagin, A A; Luetkens, H; Pascua, G; Shermadini, Z; Saint-Martin, R; Revcolevschi, A; Hess, C; Büchner, B; Klauss, H-H
2013-09-11
We report zero and longitudinal magnetic field muon spin relaxation (μSR) measurements of the spin S = 1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain material SrCuO2. We find that in a weak applied magnetic field B0 the spin-lattice relaxation rate λ follows a power law λ is proportional to B(0)(-n) with n = 0.9(3). This result is temperature independent for 5 K ≤ T ≤ 300 K. Within conformal field theory and using the Müller ansatz we conclude ballistic spin transport in SrCuO2.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kenzelmann, M.; Cowley, R.A.; Buyers, W.J.L.
2002-01-01
is in agreement with quantum Monte Carlo calculations for the spin-1 chain. xi is also consistent with the single mode approximation, suggesting that the excitations are short-lived single particle excitations. Below T=12 K where three-dimensional spin correlations are important, xi is shorter than predicted......We have mapped from the quantum to the classical limit the spin excitation spectrum of the antiferromagnetic spin-1 Heisenberg chain system CsNiCl3 in its paramagnetic phase from T=5 to 200 K. Neutron scattering shows that the excitations are resonant and dispersive up to at least T=70 Ksimilar...
Zero-Point Spin-Fluctuations of Single Adatoms.
Ibañez-Azpiroz, Julen; Dos Santos Dias, Manuel; Blügel, Stefan; Lounis, Samir
2016-07-13
Stabilizing the magnetic signal of single adatoms is a crucial step toward their successful usage in widespread technological applications such as high-density magnetic data storage devices. The quantum mechanical nature of these tiny objects, however, introduces intrinsic zero-point spin-fluctuations that tend to destabilize the local magnetic moment of interest by dwindling the magnetic anisotropy potential barrier even at absolute zero temperature. Here, we elucidate the origins and quantify the effect of the fundamental ingredients determining the magnitude of the fluctuations, namely, the (i) local magnetic moment, (ii) spin-orbit coupling, and (iii) electron-hole Stoner excitations. Based on a systematic first-principles study of 3d and 4d adatoms, we demonstrate that the transverse contribution of the fluctuations is comparable in size to the magnetic moment itself, leading to a remarkable ≳50% reduction of the magnetic anisotropy energy. Our analysis gives rise to a comprehensible diagram relating the fluctuation magnitude to characteristic features of adatoms, providing practical guidelines for designing magnetically stable nanomagnets with minimal quantum fluctuations.
Hida, Kazuo
2016-02-01
The topological classification of a series of frustration-induced spin-gap phases in the spin-1/2 ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic alternating Heisenberg chain with next-nearest-neighbour interaction reported in J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 82, 064703 (2013) is confirmed using two kinds of entanglement spectra defined by different divisions of the whole chain. For the numerical calculation, the iDMRG method is used. The results are consistent with the valence bond solid picture proposed in the previous paper.
Spin waves and phonons in a paraelectric antiferromagnet EuTiO3
Cao, Huibo; Hong, Jiawang; Delaire, Olivier; Hahn, Steven; Ehlers, Georg; Chi, Songxue; Garlea, Vasile; Fernandez-Baca, Jaime; Chakoumakos, Bryan; Yan, Jiaqiang; Sales, Brian
2015-03-01
Perovskite titanates ATiO3 (A=Ba,Pb,Sr,Ca,Cd,or Eu) are widely studied for their interesting instabilities and broad applications. A ferroelectric (FE) transition occurs in Ba, Pb, and Cd titanates, but not in SrTiO3 (STO) or EuTiO3 (ETO). In the case of STO, fluctuations yield a quantum paraelectric state, but whether ETO is quantum paraelectric remains an open question. Despite a number of similarities with well-studied STO, ETO is also unique owing to the magnetic Eu ions. By applying a tuning parameter, such as bi-axial tension, ETO can be turned into a FE ferromagnet, the ideal multiferroic. [J. H. Lee, et al., Nature 466, 954 (2010)] Studies of spin-spin and spin-lattice couplings in ETO are of great interest not only from a fundamental standpoint, but also for technological applications. We successfully grew a large, high-quality isotopically-enriched ETO crystal for neutron scattering. The crystal and magnetic structures were characterized with single crystal diffraction at HB-3A at HFIR at ORNL. The spin waves and phonons were measured in the temperature range of 1.5-400 K with CNCS at SNS and HB-3 at HFIR at ORNL. In this presentation, we will discuss structural instabilities, spin-spin interactions, and spin-phonon couplings in ETO. This work was supported by Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shuaibu, A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia and Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Nigerian Defence Academy, P.M.B 2109, Kaduna (Nigeria); Rahman, M. M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Nigerian Defence Academy, P.M.B 2109, Kaduna (Nigeria)
2014-03-05
We study the low temperature behavior of a triangular lattice quantum spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with single-site anisotropy by using coordinate Bethe ansatz method. We compute the standard two-particle Hermitian Hamiltonian, and obtain the eigenfunctions and eigenvalue of the system. The obtained results show a number of advantages in comparison with many results.
Spin liquid in a single crystal of the frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnet CoAl2O4
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zaharko, O.; Christensen, Niels Bech; Cervellino, A.
2011-01-01
We study the evidence for spin liquid in the frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnet CoAl2O4 by means of single-crystal neutron scattering in zero and applied magnetic fields. The magnetically ordered phase appearing below T-N = 8 K remains nonconventional down to 1.5 K. The magnetic Bragg peaks...
Role of the antiferromagnetic pinning layer on spin wave properties in IrMn/NiFe based spin-valves
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gubbiotti, G., E-mail: gubbiotti@fisica.unipg.it; Tacchi, S. [Istituto Officina dei Materiali del CNR (IOM-CNR), Unità di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Del Bianco, L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Department of Physics and Earth Sciences and CNISM, University of Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara (Italy); Bonfiglioli, E.; Giovannini, L.; Spizzo, F.; Zivieri, R. [Department of Physics and Earth Sciences and CNISM, University of Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara (Italy); Tamisari, M. [Department of Physics and Earth Sciences and CNISM, University of Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Università di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia (Italy)
2015-05-07
Brillouin light scattering (BLS) was exploited to study the spin wave properties of spin-valve (SV) type samples basically consisting of two 5 nm-thick NiFe layers (separated by a Cu spacer of 5 nm), differently biased through the interface exchange coupling with an antiferromagnetic IrMn layer. Three samples were investigated: a reference SV sample, without IrMn (reference); one sample with an IrMn underlayer (10 nm thick) coupled to the bottom NiFe film; one sample with IrMn underlayer and overlayer of different thickness (10 nm and 6 nm), coupled to the bottom and top NiFe film, respectively. The exchange coupling with the IrMn, causing the insurgence of the exchange bias effect, allowed the relative orientation of the NiFe magnetization vectors to be controlled by an external magnetic field, as assessed through hysteresis loop measurements by magneto-optic magnetometry. Thus, BLS spectra were acquired by sweeping the magnetic field so as to encompass both the parallel and antiparallel alignment of the NiFe layers. The BLS results, well reproduced by the presented theoretical model, clearly revealed the combined effects on the spin dynamic properties of the dipolar interaction between the two NiFe films and of the interface IrMn/NiFe exchange coupling.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Drichko, Natalia; Hackl, Rudi; Schlueter, John A.
2015-10-15
Using Raman scattering, the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Br (T-c = 11.8 K) and the related antiferromagnet kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Cl are studied. Raman scattering provides unique spectroscopic information about magnetic degrees of freedom that has been otherwise unavailable on such organic conductors. Below T = 200 K a broad band at about 500 cm(-1) develops in both compounds. We identify this band with two-magnon excitation. The position and the temperature dependence of the spectral weight are similar in the antiferromagnet and in the metallic Fermi liquid. We conclude that antiferromagnetic correlations are similarly present in the magnetic insulator and the Fermi-liquid state of the superconductor.
Spin dynamics of S = 1/2 kagome lattice antiferromagnets observed by high-field ESR
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ohta, Hitoshi [Molecular Photoscience Research Center, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Zhang, Wei-min [Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Okubo, Susumu; Fujisawa, Masashi [Molecular Photoscience Research Center, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Sakurai, Takahiro [Center for Supports to Research and Education Activities, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Okamoto, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Hiroi, Zenji [Institute for Solid State Physics (ISSP), University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan)
2010-03-15
Due to the existence of strong spin frustration in a system, the spin dynamics of S = 1/2 kagome lattice antiferromagnet at low temperature has attracted much interest. High-field ESR has been measured on its model substances, Cu{sub 3}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}(OH){sub 2} . 2H{sub 2}O (volborthite) and BaCu{sub 3}V{sub 2}O{sub 3}(OH){sub 2} (vesignieite), down to 1.8 K using pulsed magnetic fields up to 16 T. The measurements are performed for 160 and 315 GHz using polycrys-talline samples. Although both samples showed the g-shift and the change of linewidth at low temperature, volborthite showed a small gap excitation of the order of 40 GHz (1.9 K) while vesignieite showed a paramagnetic behavior down to 1.9 K. Observed difference will be discussed in connection with the crystal structure, and the possible spin liquid state in vesignieite will be discussed. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
Search for the Heisenberg spin glass on rewired square lattices with antiferromagnetic interaction
Surungan, Tasrief; Bansawang B., J.; Tahir, Dahlang
2016-03-01
Spin glass (SG) is a typical magnetic system with frozen random spin orientation at low temperatures. The system exhibits rich physical properties, such as infinite number of ground states, memory effect, and aging phenomena. There are two main ingredients considered to be pivotal for the existence of SG behavior, namely, frustration and randomness. For the canonical SG system, frustration is led by the presence of competing interaction between ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AF) couplings. Previously, Bartolozzi et al. [Phys. Rev. B73, 224419 (2006)], reported the SG properties of the AF Ising spins on scale free network (SFN). It is a new type of SG, different from the canonical one which requires the presence of both FM and AF couplings. In this new system, frustration is purely caused by the topological factor and its randomness is related to the irregular connectvity. Recently, Surungan et. al. [Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 640, 012001 (2015)] reported SG bahavior of AF Heisenberg model on SFN. We further investigate this type of system by studying an AF Heisenberg model on rewired square lattices. We used Replica Exchange algorithm of Monte Carlo Method and calculated the SG order parameter to search for the existence of SG phase.
Spin dynamics and magnetic correlation length in two-dimensional quantum heisenberg antiferromagnets
Carretta; Ciabattoni; Cuccoli; Mognaschi; Rigamonti; Tognetti; Verrucchi
2000-01-10
The correlated spin dynamics and temperature dependence of the correlation length xi(T) in two-dimensional quantum (S = 1/2) Heisenberg antiferromagnets (2DQHAF) on a square lattice are discussed in light of experimental results of proton spin lattice relaxation in copper formiate tetradeuterate. In this compound the exchange constant is much smaller than the one in recently studied 2DQHAF, such as La2CuO4 and Sr2CuO2Cl2. Thus the spin dynamics can be probed in detail over a wider temperature range. The NMR relaxation rates turn out to be in excellent agreement with a theoretical mode-coupling calculation. The deduced temperature behavior of xi(T) is in agreement with high-temperature expansions, quantum Monte Carlo simulations, and the pure quantum self-consistent harmonic approximation. Contrary to the predictions of the theories based on the nonlinear sigma model, no evidence of crossover between different quantum regimes is observed.
Frustration in a transverse Ising nanoisland with an antiferromagnetic spin configuration
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kaneyoshi, T., E-mail: kaneyosi@is.nagoya-u.ac.Jp
2015-09-01
The phase diagrams, saturation magnetizations and temperature dependences of magnetizations in a transverse Ising nanoisland with an antiferromagnetic spin configuration are studied by the uses of the effective-field theory with correlations (EFT) and the mean-field approximation (MFA), in order to clarify whether the MFA can be successfully applied to the theoretical discussions of naonoislands. From these investigations, we have found a lot of unexpected characteristic phenomena in these properties, when the value of an interlayer coupling takes a large value. We have also found that the applications of the MFA to the magnetic properties are extremely restricted for nanoislands, when the value of an interlayer coupling takes a large value, in contrast to a number of bulk studies.
Two-dimensional-lattice spin models with long-range antiferromagnetic interactions
Romano, S.
1991-10-01
We consider a classical system, consisting of m-component unit vectors (m=2,3), associated with a two-dimensional lattice \\{uk||k∈openZ2\\} and interacting via translationally and rotationally invariant antiferromagnetic pair potentials of the long-range form W=Wjk=ɛ||xj-xk||-puj.uk, p>2, where ɛ is a positive quantity, setting energy and temperature scales (i.e., T*=kBT/ɛ), and xk are the coordinates of the lattice sites. A spin-wave approach predicts orientational disorder (in the thermodynamic limit) at all finite temperatures and for all p>2 this agrees with available rigorous results for p>=4, whereas no such theorems are known in the literature when 22.
Wu, R.; Yun, C.; Ding, S. L.; Wen, X.; Liu, S. Q.; Wang, C. S.; Han, J. Z.; Du, H. L.; Yang, J. B.
2016-08-01
The motion of antiferromagnetic interfacial spins is investigated through the temperature evolution of training effect in a Co/CoO film with in-plane biaxial anisotropy. Significant differences in the training effect and its temperature dependence are observed in the magnetic easy axis and hard axis (HA) and ascribed to the different motion modes of antiferromagnetic interfacial spins, the collective spin cluster rotation (CSR) and the single spin reversal (SSR), caused by different magnetization reversal modes of ferromagnetic layer. These motion modes of antiferromagnetic spins are successfully separated using a combination of an exponential function and a classic n-1/2 function. A larger CSR to SSR ratio and a shorter lifetime of CSR found in the HA indicates that the domain rotation in the ferromagnetic layer tends to activate and accelerate a CSR mode in the antiferromagnetic spins.
Bowlan, P.; Trugman, S. A.; Bowlan, J.; Zhu, J.-X.; Hur, N. J.; Taylor, A. J.; Yarotski, D. A.; Prasankumar, R. P.
2016-09-01
We demonstrate an approach for directly tracking antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin dynamics by measuring ultrafast changes in a magnon resonance. We test this idea on the multiferroic HoMnO3 by optically photoexciting electrons, after which changes in the spin order are probed with a THz pulse tuned to a magnon resonance. This reveals a photoinduced change in the magnon line shape that builds up over 5-12 picoseconds, which we show to be the spin-lattice thermalization time, indicating that electrons heat the spins via phonons. We compare our results to previous studies of spin-lattice thermalization in ferromagnetic manganites, giving insight into fundamental differences between the two systems. Our work sheds light on the microscopic mechanism governing spin-phonon interactions in AFMs and demonstrates a powerful approach for directly monitoring ultrafast spin dynamics.
Correlations between Kondo clouds in nearly antiferromagnetic Kondo lattices
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kiselev, M.N. E-mail: kiselev@physik.uni-wuerzburg.de; Kikoin, K.A
2004-05-01
We discuss a novel fluctuational mechanism explaining the physics of nearly antiferromagnetic Kondo lattices (KL). The effective action for KL model is expressed in terms of Bose operators responsible for paramagnetic excitations and semi-bosonic fields describing the dynamic Kondo clouds created by conduction electrons around local spin. The gauge invariant resonance valence bond theory of interacting Kondo clouds describes the spin liquid with strong critical fluctuations imitating itinerant fluctuation magnetism of Moriya type.
Shinaoka, Hiroshi; Tomita, Yusuke; Motome, Yukitoshi
2011-07-22
Motivated by puzzling characteristics of spin-glass transitions widely observed in pyrochlore-based frustrated materials, we investigate the effects of coupling to local lattice distortions in a bond-disordered antiferromagnet on the pyrochlore lattice by extensive Monte Carlo simulations. We show that the spin-glass transition temperature T(f) is largely enhanced by the spin-lattice coupling and, furthermore, becomes almost independent of Δ in a wide range of the disorder strength Δ. The critical property of the spin-glass transition is indistinguishable from that of the canonical Heisenberg spin glass in the entire range of Δ. These peculiar behaviors are ascribed to a modification of the degenerate manifold from a continuous to semidiscrete one by spin-lattice coupling.
Antiferromagnetic THz-frequency Josephson-like Oscillator Driven by Spin Current
Khymyn, Roman; Lisenkov, Ivan; Tiberkevich, Vasyl; Ivanov, Boris A.; Slavin, Andrei
2017-03-01
The development of compact and tunable room temperature sources of coherent THz-frequency signals would open a way for numerous new applications. The existing approaches to THz-frequency generation based on superconductor Josephson junctions (JJ), free electron lasers, and quantum cascades require cryogenic temperatures or/and complex setups, preventing the miniaturization and wide use of these devices. We demonstrate theoretically that a bi-layer of a heavy metal (Pt) and a bi-axial antiferromagnetic (AFM) dielectric (NiO) can be a source of a coherent THz signal. A spin-current flowing from a DC-current-driven Pt layer and polarized along the hard AFM anisotropy axis excites a non-uniform in time precession of magnetizations sublattices in the AFM, due to the presence of a weak easy-plane AFM anisotropy. The frequency of the AFM oscillations varies in the range of 0.1–2.0 THz with the driving current in the Pt layer from 108 A/cm2 to 109 A/cm2. The THz-frequency signal from the AFM with the amplitude exceeding 1 V/cm is picked up by the inverse spin-Hall effect in Pt. The operation of a room-temperature AFM THz-frequency oscillator is similar to that of a cryogenic JJ oscillator, with the energy of the easy-plane magnetic anisotropy playing the role of the Josephson energy.
Antiferromagnetic THz-frequency Josephson-like Oscillator Driven by Spin Current
Khymyn, Roman; Lisenkov, Ivan; Tiberkevich, Vasyl; Ivanov, Boris A.; Slavin, Andrei
2017-01-01
The development of compact and tunable room temperature sources of coherent THz-frequency signals would open a way for numerous new applications. The existing approaches to THz-frequency generation based on superconductor Josephson junctions (JJ), free electron lasers, and quantum cascades require cryogenic temperatures or/and complex setups, preventing the miniaturization and wide use of these devices. We demonstrate theoretically that a bi-layer of a heavy metal (Pt) and a bi-axial antiferromagnetic (AFM) dielectric (NiO) can be a source of a coherent THz signal. A spin-current flowing from a DC-current-driven Pt layer and polarized along the hard AFM anisotropy axis excites a non-uniform in time precession of magnetizations sublattices in the AFM, due to the presence of a weak easy-plane AFM anisotropy. The frequency of the AFM oscillations varies in the range of 0.1–2.0 THz with the driving current in the Pt layer from 108 A/cm2 to 109 A/cm2. The THz-frequency signal from the AFM with the amplitude exceeding 1 V/cm is picked up by the inverse spin-Hall effect in Pt. The operation of a room-temperature AFM THz-frequency oscillator is similar to that of a cryogenic JJ oscillator, with the energy of the easy-plane magnetic anisotropy playing the role of the Josephson energy. PMID:28262731
Spin jam induced by quantum fluctuations in a frustrated magnet.
Yang, Junjie; Samarakoon, Anjana; Dissanayake, Sachith; Ueda, Hiroaki; Klich, Israel; Iida, Kazuki; Pajerowski, Daniel; Butch, Nicholas P; Huang, Q; Copley, John R D; Lee, Seung-Hun
2015-09-15
Since the discovery of spin glasses in dilute magnetic systems, their study has been largely focused on understanding randomness and defects as the driving mechanism. The same paradigm has also been applied to explain glassy states found in dense frustrated systems. Recently, however, it has been theoretically suggested that different mechanisms, such as quantum fluctuations and topological features, may induce glassy states in defect-free spin systems, far from the conventional dilute limit. Here we report experimental evidence for existence of a glassy state, which we call a spin jam, in the vicinity of the clean limit of a frustrated magnet, which is insensitive to a low concentration of defects. We have studied the effect of impurities on SrCr9pGa12-9pO19 [SCGO(p)], a highly frustrated magnet, in which the magnetic Cr(3+) (s = 3/2) ions form a quasi-2D triangular system of bipyramids. Our experimental data show that as the nonmagnetic Ga(3+) impurity concentration is changed, there are two distinct phases of glassiness: an exotic glassy state, which we call a spin jam, for the high magnetic concentration region (p > 0.8) and a cluster spin glass for lower magnetic concentration (p jam is a unique vantage point from which the class of glassy states of dense frustrated magnets can be understood.
Han, Tianheng; Chu, Shaoyan; Lee, Young S
2012-04-13
We report thermodynamic measurements of the S=1/2 kagome lattice antiferromagnet ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2, a promising candidate system with a spin-liquid ground state. Using single crystal samples, the magnetic susceptibility both perpendicular and parallel to the kagome plane has been measured. A small, temperature-dependent anisotropy has been observed, where χ(z)/χ(p)>1 at high temperatures and χ(z)/χ(p)kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet model to the experiments on ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2.
Hu, Wen-Jun; Gong, Shou-Shu; Becca, Federico; Sheng, D. N.
2015-11-01
By using the variational Monte Carlo technique, we study the spin-1/2 XXZ antiferromagnetic model (with easy-plane anisotropy) on the kagome lattice. A class of Gutzwiller projected fermionic states with a spin Jastrow factor is considered to describe either spin liquids [with U (1 ) or Z2 symmetry] or magnetically ordered phases [with q =(0 ,0 ) or q =(4 π /3 ,0 ) ]. We find that the magnetic states are not stable in the thermodynamic limit. Moreover, there is no energy gain to break the gauge symmetry from U (1 ) to Z2 within the spin-liquid states, as previously found in the Heisenberg model. The best variational wave function is therefore the U (1 ) Dirac state, supplemented by the spin Jastrow factor. Furthermore, a vanishing S =2 spin gap is obtained at the variational level, in the whole regime from the X Y to the Heisenberg model.
Spin-Hall-Effect-Assisted Electroresistance in Antiferromagnets via 105 A/cm2 dc Current
Han, Jiahao; Wang, Yuyan; Pan, Feng; Song, Cheng
2016-08-01
Antiferromagnet (AFM) spintronics with reduced electrical current is greatly expected to process information with high integration and low power consumption. In Pt/FeMn and Ta/FeMn hybrids, we observe significant resistance variation (up to 7% of the total resistance) manipulated by 105 A/cm2 dc current. We have excluded the contribution of isotropic structural effects, and confirmed the critical role of the spin Hall injection from Pt (or Ta) to FeMn. This electrical current-manipulated resistance (i.e. electroresistance) is proposed to be attributed to the spin-Hall-effect-induced spin-orbit torque in FeMn. Similar results have also been detected in plain IrMn films, where the charge current generates spin current via the spin Hall effect with the existence of Ir atoms. All the measurements are free from external magnetic fields and ferromagnets. Our findings present an interesting step towards high-efficiency spintronic devices.
Superconducting fluctuations in systems with Rashba-spin-orbit coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Beyl, Stefan [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany); Orth, Peter P.; Scheurer, Mathias; Schmalian, Joerg [Institut fuer Theorie der Kondensierten Materie, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany)
2015-07-01
We investigate the BEC-BCS crossover in a two-dimensional system with Rashba-spin-orbit coupling. To include the effects of phase and amplitude fluctuations of the superconducting order parameter we perform a loop expansion of the effective field theory. We analyze in particular the probability of a low density superconducting quantum phase transition. The theory is relevant to LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} interfaces and two-dimensional cold atom systems with synthetic gauge fields.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ma, Q. L., E-mail: maqinli@gmail.com, E-mail: mizukami@wpi-aimr.tohoku.ac.jp; Miyazaki, T.; Mizukami, S., E-mail: maqinli@gmail.com, E-mail: mizukami@wpi-aimr.tohoku.ac.jp [WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira, 980-8577 Sendai (Japan); Iihama, S. [Department of Applied Physics, Tohoku University, 6-6-05 Aza-Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Zhang, X. M. [Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials, Ministry of Education, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China)
2015-11-30
The laser-induced spin dynamics of FeCo in perpendicularly magnetized L1{sub 0}-MnGa/FeCo bilayers with ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interfacial exchange coupling (IEC) are examined using the time-resolved magneto-optical Kerr effect. We found a precessional phase reversal of the FeCo layer as the IEC changes from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic. Moreover, a precession-suspension window was observed when the magnetic field was applied in a certain direction for the bilayer with ferromagnetic IEC. Our observations reveal that the spin dynamics modulation is strongly dependent on the IEC type within the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert depiction. The IEC dependence of the precessional phase and amplitude suggests the interesting method for magnetization dynamics modulation.
Antiferromagnetic versus spin-glass like behavior in MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sagredo, V. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo, Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de los Andes, Merida (Venezuela)]. E-mail: sagredo@ula.ve; Moron, M.C. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon, C.S.I.C.-Universidad de Zaragoza, E-50009, Zaragoza (Spain); Betancourt, L. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo, Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de los Andes, Merida (Venezuela); Delgado, G.E. [Laboratorio de Cristalografia, Departamento de Quimica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de los Andes, Merida (Venezuela)
2007-05-15
The low-temperature magnetic properties of MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} have been studied using AC magnetic susceptibility and magnetization experiments. High-temperature susceptibility fits indicate the presence of antiferromagnetic interactions. Low-field magnetization data show a peak at 5.6{+-}0.1 K, below which strong irreversibility is observed between zero-field-cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled (FC) cycles suggesting that the observed peak corresponds to a spin-glass-like transition instead of the antiferromagnetic one previously reported. Further evidence of this magnetic state comes from AC susceptibility data at different frequencies. The in-phase component {chi}'(T) exhibits the behavior expected of spin glasses, i.e. a shift of the cusp to higher temperatures for higher frequencies.
Hida, Kazuo; Takano, Ken'ichi; Suzuki, Hidenori
2013-06-01
The spin-1/2 ferromagnetic--antiferromagnetic alternating Heisenberg chain with ferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbour (NNN) interaction is investigated. The ground state is the Haldane phase for weak NNN interaction, and is the ferromagnetic phase for weak antiferromagnetic interaction. We find a series of topologically distinct spin-gap phases with various magnitudes of edge spins for strong NNN interaction. The phase boundaries between these phases are determined on the basis of the DMRG calculation with additional spins that compensate the edge spins. It is found that each of the exact solutions with short-range antiferromagnetic correlation on the ferromagnetic--nonmagnetic phase boundary is representative of each spin gap phase.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wachter, Peter, E-mail: wachter@solid.phys.ethz.c [Laboratorium fuer Festkoerperphysik, ETH Zuerich, 8093 Zuerich (Switzerland)
2009-03-15
The new iron based high T{sub c} superconductors with T{sub c} up to 55 K have stirred new interest in this field. It is consensus that the BCS mechanism is not able to explain the high T{sub c}'s. In the following we propose that spin holes in anti-ferromagnetic clusters combine to make nonmagnetic bipolarons, which can condense and lead to superconductivity.
NMR investigation of spin fluctuations in the itinerant-electron magnetic compound Sr1 -xCaxCo2P2
Imai, Masaki; Michioka, Chishiro; Ueda, Hiroaki; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi
2017-02-01
We took P31 NMR measurements of mainly paramagnetic phase Sr1 -xCaxCo2P2 (0 ≤x ≤0.5 ) to reveal the itinerant-electron metamagnetic transition, and of its magnetically ordered phase (0.7 ≤x ≤1 ), and characterized their spin fluctuations by estimating the spin fluctuation parameter T0 corresponding to the width of the spin fluctuation in the spectrum in frequency space. SrCo2P2 has a quasi-two-dimensional uncollapsed tetragonal (ucT) cell without interlayer P-P bonds, whereas CaCo2P2 has a three-dimensional collapsed tetragonal (cT) cell with P-P bonds. The a b -in-plane component of T0 is much larger than the out-of-plane component in SrCo2P2 . As x increases from 0 to 0.5, the in-plane component of T0 decreases proportionally with the metamagnetic transition field. In the antiferromagnetic cT phase (0.7 ≤x ≤1 ), T0 is constant and spin fluctuations show an isotropic character in contrast to their behavior in the paramagnetic ucT phase (0 ≤x ≤0.5 ). These results indicate that the in-plane spin fluctuations due to the quasi-two-dimensional crystal structure play a significant role in the metamagnetic transition of this system.
Spin glass behavior of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on scale free network
Surungan, Tasrief; Zen, Freddy P.; Williams, Anthony G.
2015-09-01
Randomness and frustration are considered to be the key ingredients for the existence of spin glass (SG) phase. In a canonical system, these ingredients are realized by the random mixture of ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AF) couplings. The study by Bartolozzi et al. [Phys. Rev. B73, 224419 (2006)] who observed the presence of SG phase on the AF Ising model on scale free network (SFN) is stimulating. It is a new type of SG system where randomness and frustration are not caused by the presence of FM and AF couplings. To further elaborate this type of system, here we study Heisenberg model on AF SFN and search for the SG phase. The canonical SG Heisenberg model is not observed in d-dimensional regular lattices for (d ≤ 3). We can make an analogy for the connectivity density (m) of SFN with the dimensionality of the regular lattice. It should be plausible to find the critical value of m for the existence of SG behaviour, analogous to the lower critical dimension (dl) for the canonical SG systems. Here we study system with m = 2, 3, 4 and 5. We used Replica Exchange algorithm of Monte Carlo Method and calculated the SG order parameter. We observed SG phase for each value of m and estimated its corersponding critical temperature.
Approximation algorithms for two-state anti-ferromagnetic spin systems on bounded degree graphs
Sinclair, Alistair; Thurley, Marc
2011-01-01
In a seminal paper (Weitz, 2006), Weitz gave a deterministic fully polynomial approximation scheme for counting exponentially weighted independent sets (which is the same as approximating the partition function of the hard-core model from statistical physics) in graphs of degree at most d, up to the critical activity for the uniqueness of the Gibbs measure on the infinite d-regular tree. More recently Sly (see also Galanis et al, 2011) showed that this is optimal in the sense that if there is an FPRAS for the hard-core partition function on graphs of maximum degree d for activities larger than the critical activity on the infinite d-regular tree then NP = RP. In this paper we extend Weitz's approach to derive a deterministic fully polynomial approximation scheme for the partition function of general two-state anti-ferromagnetic spin systems on graphs of maximum degree d, up to the corresponding critical point on the d-regular tree. The main ingredient of our result is a proof that for two-state anti-ferromagn...
Gao, G. Y.; Yao, Kai-Lun
2013-12-01
High-spin-polarization materials are desired for the realization of high-performance spintronic devices. We combine recent experimental and theoretical findings to theoretically design several high-spin-polarization materials in binary D03-type Heusler alloys: gapless (zero-gap) half-metallic ferrimagnets of V3Si and V3Ge, half-metallic antiferromagnets of Mn3Al and Mn3Ga, half-metallic ferrimagnets of Mn3Si and Mn3Ge, and a spin gapless semiconductor of Cr3Al. The high spin polarization, zero net magnetic moment, zero energy gap, and slight disorder compared to the ternary and quaternary Heusler alloys make these binary materials promising candidates for spintronic applications. All results are obtained by the electronic structure calculations from first-principles.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YAO Xiao-yan; LI Peng-lei; DONG Shuai; LIU Jun-ming
2007-01-01
A three-dimensional Ising-like model doped with anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) bonds is proposed to investigate the magnetic properties of a doped triangular spin-chain system by using a Monte-Carlo simulation. The simulated results indicate that a steplike magnetization behavior is very sensitive to the concentration of AFM bonds. A low concentration of AFM bonds can suppress the stepwise behavior considerably, in accordance with doping experiments on Ca3Co206. The analysis of spin snapshots demonstrates that the AFM bond doping not only breaks the ferromagnetic ordered linear spin chains along the hexagonal c-axis but also has a great influence upon the spin configuration in the ab-plane.
Gao, Tenghua; Itokawa, Nobuhide; Wang, Jian; Yu, Youxing; Harumoto, Takashi; Nakamura, Yoshio; Shi, Ji
2016-08-01
We report on the investigation of perpendicular exchange bias in FePt (001 ) /NiO (1 ¯1 ¯1 ) orthogonal exchange couple with FePt partially L 10 ordered. From initial magnetization curve measurement and magnetic domain imaging, we find that, for the as-grown bilayer structure, the FePt layer experiences a small-angle magnetization rotation when it is magnetized near to saturation in film normal direction. After field cooling, the bilayer structure shows a significant enhancement of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, indicating the field mediated coupling between the spins across the FePt/NiO interface. According to Koon's theoretical calculation on the basis of lowest energy ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic coupling configuration for compensated spins at antiferromagnetic side, we consider slightly slanted Ni spins at the interface off the (1 ¯1 ¯1 ) easy plane can stabilize the spin coupling between FePt and NiO and result in the observed exchange bias in this paper. This consideration was further confirmed by stripe domain width calculation.
Rutonjski, Milica S.; Pavkov-Hrvojević, Milica V.; Berović, Maja B.
2016-12-01
The relevance of the quasi-two-dimensional spin-1/2 frustrated quantum antiferromagnet (AFM) due to its possibility of modeling the high-temperature superconducting parent compounds has resulted in numerous theoretical and experimental studies. This paper presents a detailed research of the influence of the varying exchange interactions on the model magnetic properties within the framework of self-consistent spin-wave theory based on Dyson-Maleev (DM) representation. Beside the nearest neighbor (NN) interaction within the plane, the planar frustration up to the third NNs, cyclic interaction and the interlayer coupling are taken into account. The detailed description of the elementary spin excitations, staggered magnetization, spin-wave velocity renormalization factor and ground state energy is given. The results are compared to the predictions of the linear spin-wave theory and when possible also to the second-order perturbative spin-wave expansion results. Finally, having at our disposal improved experimental results for the in-plane spin-wave dispersion in high-Tc copper oxide La2CuO4, the self-consistent spin-wave theory (SCSWT) is applied to that compound in order to correct earlier obtained set of exchange parameters and high-temperature spin-wave dispersion.
Hida, Kazuo
2016-12-01
A series of symmetry-protected topological (SPT) and trivial spin-gap phases in the spin-1/2 ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic alternating Heisenberg chain with alternating next-nearest-neighbour interaction are investigated using two kinds of entanglement spectra defined by different divisions of the whole chain. In case one of the next-nearest-neighbor interactions vanishes, the model reduces to the Δ-chain in which a series of spin-gap phases are found, as shown in J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 77, 044707 (2008). From the degeneracy of the entanglement spectra, these phases are identified as the SPT and trivial phases. It is found that the ground-state phase boundaries are insensitive to the strength of the alternation in the next-nearest-neighbor interaction. These results are consistent with the analysis based on the nonlinear σ model and exact solution on the ferromagnetic-nonmagnetic phase boundary.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arima T.
2013-03-01
Full Text Available Coherent spin fluctuation was detected in the photoinduced Mott insulator-metal transition in perovskite cobalt oxide by using 3 optical-cycle infrared pulse. Such coherent spin fluctuation is driven by the perovskite distortion changing orbital gap.
Bishop, R. F.; Li, P. H. Y.; Zinke, R.; Darradi, R.; Richter, J.; Farnell, D. J. J.; Schulenburg, J.
2017-04-01
We use the coupled cluster method (CCM) to study the ground-state properties and lowest-lying triplet excited state of the spin-half XXZ antiferromagnet on the square lattice. The CCM is applied to it to high orders of approximation by using an efficient computer code that has been written by us and which has been implemented to run on massively parallelized computer platforms. We are able therefore to present precise data for the basic quantities of this model over a wide range of values for the anisotropy parameter Δ in the range - 1 ≤ Δ 1) regimes, where Δ → ∞ represents the Ising limit. We present results for the ground-state energy, the sublattice magnetization, the zero-field transverse magnetic susceptibility, the spin stiffness, and the triplet spin gap. Our results provide a useful yardstick against which other approximate methods and/or experimental studies of relevant antiferromagnetic square-lattice compounds may now compare their own results. We also focus particular attention on the behaviour of these parameters for the easy-axis system in the vicinity of the isotropic Heisenberg point (Δ = 1) , where the model undergoes a phase transition from a gapped state (for Δ > 1) to a gapless state (for Δ ≤ 1), and compare our results there with those from spin-wave theory (SWT). Interestingly, the nature of the criticality at Δ = 1 for the present model with spins of spin quantum number s =1/2 that is revealed by our CCM results seems to differ qualitatively from that predicted by SWT, which becomes exact only for its near-classical large-s counterpart.
Relaxation of antiferromagnetic order in spin-1/2 chains following a quantum quench.
Barmettler, Peter; Punk, Matthias; Gritsev, Vladimir; Demler, Eugene; Altman, Ehud
2009-04-03
We study the unitary time evolution of antiferromagnetic order in anisotropic Heisenberg chains that are initially prepared in a pure quantum state far from equilibrium. Our analysis indicates that the antiferromagnetic order imprinted in the initial state vanishes exponentially. Depending on the anisotropy parameter, oscillatory or nonoscillatory relaxation dynamics is observed. Furthermore, the corresponding relaxation time exhibits a minimum at the critical point, in contrast to the usual notion of critical slowing down, from which a maximum is expected.
Shao, Yangfan; Pan, Hui; Shi, Xingqiang
2016-01-01
The interfaces between organic molecules and metal surfaces with layered antiferromagnetic order have gained increasing interests in the field of antiferromagnetic spintronics. The C60 layered AFM spinterfaces have been studied for C60 bonded only to the outermost ferromagnetic layer. Using density functional theory calculations, here we demonstrate that C60 adsorption can reconstruct the layered AFM Cr(001) surface so that C60 bonds to the top two Cr layers with opposite spin direction. Surface reconstruction drastically changes C60 s spintronic properties 1 the spin-split p-d hybridization involve multi-orbitals of C60 and metal double layers, 2 the subsurface layer dominates the C60 spin properties, and 3) reconstruction induces a large magnetic moment in C60 of 0.58 B, which is a synergetic effect of the top two layers as a result of a magnetic direct-exchange interaction. Understanding these complex spinterfaces phenomena is a crucial step for their device applications. The surface reconstruction can be ...
Magnetic properties of the S = 1/2 antiferromagnetic spin-chain α - Cu2V2O7
Gitgeatpong, Ganatee; Zhao, Yang; Avdeev, Maxim; Piltz, Ross; Sato, Taku; Matan, Kittiwit
2015-03-01
Magnetic properties of the S = 1 / 2 antiferromagnetic spin-chain, α - Cu2V2O7, have been studied using magnetization and neutron scattering measurements on powder and single-crystal samples. Magnetic susceptibility reveals a Curie-Weiss temperature of Θ = -73.2(9) K with a magnetic phase transition at TN = 33 K while the Bonner-Fisher fit to the magnetic susceptibility for T >TN with magnetic field perpendicular to the crystallographic a - axis yields the intra-chain coupling of |J|/k = 46.0(2) K. Small ferromagnetism below TN is due to spin-canting caused by Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. Analysis of the neutron diffraction data reveals that the Cu2+ spins are coupled antiferromagnetically along zigzag chains, which run alternately along [011] and [01-1] directions. The ordered moment of 0.925(3) μB is predominantly along the a - axis. Our recent inelastic neutron scattering, which reveals atypical magnetic excitations centered at commensurate wave vectors (0, +/-0.25, 0) around the magnetic zone center, will also be discussed.
Glazkov, V. N.; Smirnov, A. I.; Sanchez, J. P.; Forget, A.; Colson, D.; Bonville, P.
2006-02-01
Single-ion anisotropy is of importance for the magnetic ordering of the frustrated pyrochlore antiferromagnets Gd2Ti2O7 and Gd2Sn2O7. The anisotropy parameters for Gd2Sn2O7 were measured using the electron spin resonance technique. The anisotropy was found to be of the easy plane type, with the main constant D = 140 mK. This value is 35% smaller than the value of the corresponding anisotropy constant of the related compound Gd2Ti2O7.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sousa, Griffith Mendonça A., E-mail: griffith_mas@hotmail.com; Pires, A.S.T.
2014-03-15
The Neel and collinear ordered phases of the two-dimensional S=1 antiferromagnet with next and next near neighbor exchange interactions and easy axis single ion anisotropy, on the square lattice, are studied at low temperature using a Modified Spin Wave Theory. We calculate the low-temperature quantities as a function of the temperature, frustration and anisotropy. We calculate also the phase diagram at T=0. We found a disordered phase separating the Neel and collinear phases. - Highlights: • The phase diagrams in zero temperature. • The critical temperature was studied as a function of frustration and D. • The sublattice magnetizations and the gap were studied.
Ghosh, Pratyay; Verma, Akhilesh Kumar; Kumar, Brijesh
2016-01-01
A spin-1 Heisenberg model on trimerized kagome lattice is studied by doing a low-energy bosonic theory in terms of plaquette triplons defined on its triangular unit cells. The model considered has an intratriangle antiferromagnetic exchange interaction J (set to 1) and two intertriangle couplings J'>0 (nearest neighbor) and J″ (next nearest neighbor; of both signs). The triplon analysis performed on this model investigates the stability of the trimerized singlet ground state (which is exact in the absence of intertriangle couplings) in the J'-J″ plane. It gives a quantum phase diagram that has two gapless antiferromagnetically ordered phases separated by the spin-gapped trimerized singlet phase. The trimerized singlet ground state is found to be stable on J″=0 line (the nearest-neighbor case), and on both sides of it for J″≠0 , in an extended region bounded by the critical lines of transition to the gapless antiferromagnetic phases. The gapless phase in the negative J″ region has a coplanar 120∘ antiferromagnetic order with √{3 }×√{3 } structure. In this phase, all the magnetic moments are of equal length, and the angle between any two of them on a triangle is exactly 120∘. The magnetic lattice in this case has a unit cell consisting of three triangles. The other gapless phase, in the positive J″ region, is found to exhibit a different coplanar antiferromagnetic order with ordering wave vector q =(0 ,0 ) . Here, two magnetic moments in a triangle are of the same magnitude, but shorter than the third. While the angle between two short moments is 120∘-2 δ , it is 120∘+δ between a short and the long one. Only when J″=J' , their magnitudes become equal and the relative angles 120∘. The magnetic lattice in this q =(0 ,0 ) phase has the translational symmetry of the kagome lattice with triangular unit cells of reduced (isosceles) symmetry. This reduction in the point-group symmetry is found to show up as a difference in the intensities of
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Adelnia, Fatemeh [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano and INSTM, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Pavia and INSTM, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Chiesa, Alessandro; Bordignon, Sara; Carretta, Stefano [Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Parma, I-43124 Parma (Italy); Ghirri, Alberto; Candini, Andrea [CNR Institute Nanosciences S3, I- 41125 Modena (Italy); Cervetti, Christian [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche, Matematiche, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, I-41125 Modena (Italy); Evangelisti, Marco [CNR Institute Nanosciences S3, I- 41125 Modena (Italy); Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche, Matematiche, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, I-41125 Modena (Italy); Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón and Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Affronte, Marco [CNR Institute Nanosciences S3, I- 41125 Modena (Italy); Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche, Matematiche, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, I-41125 Modena (Italy); Sheikin, Ilya [Grenoble High Magnetic Field Laboratory, CNRS-LNCMI, 25, B.P. 166, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Winpenny, Richard; Timco, Grigore [The Lewis Magnetism Laboratory, The University of Manchester, M13 9PL Manchester (United Kingdom); Borsa, Ferdinando [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Pavia and INSTM, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); and others
2015-12-28
A detailed experimental investigation of the effects giving rise to the magnetic energy level structure in the vicinity of the level crossing (LC) at low temperature is reported for the open antiferromagnetic molecular ring Cr{sub 8}Zn. The study is conducted by means of thermodynamic techniques (torque magnetometry, magnetization and specific heat measurements) and microscopic techniques (nuclear magnetic resonance line width, nuclear spin lattice, and spin-spin relaxation measurements). The experimental results are shown to be in excellent agreement with theoretical calculations based on a minimal spin model Hamiltonian, which includes a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. The first ground state level crossing at μ{sub 0}H{sub c1} = 2.15 T is found to be an almost true LC while the second LC at μ{sub 0}H{sub c2} = 6.95 T has an anti-crossing gap of Δ{sub 12} = 0.19 K. In addition, both NMR and specific heat measurements show the presence of a level anti-crossing between excited states at μ{sub 0}H = 4.5 T as predicted by the theory. In all cases, the fit of the experimental data is improved by introducing a distribution of the isotropic exchange couplings (J), i.e., using a J strain model. The peaks at the first and second LCs in the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate are dominated by inelastic scattering and a value of Γ ∼ 10{sup 10} rad/s is inferred for the life time broadening of the excited state of the open ring, due to spin phonon interaction. A loss of NMR signal (wipe-out effect) is observed for the first time at LC and is explained by the enhancement of the spin-spin relaxation rate due to the inelastic scattering.
Antiferromagnetic spin cantings as a driving force of ferroelectricity in multiferroic Cu2OSeO3
Chizhikov, Viacheslav A.; Dmitrienko, Vladimir E.
2017-04-01
Ferroelectric properties of cubic chiral magnet Cu2OSeO3 can emerge due to the spin noncollinearity induced by antiferromagnetic cantings. The cantings are the result of the Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction and in many ways similar to the ferromagnetic cantings in weak ferromagnets. An expression for the local electric polarization is derived, including terms with gradients of magnetization \\mathbf{M}≤ft(\\mathbf{r}\\right) . When averaged over the crystal the electric polarization has a non-vanishing part associated with the anisotropy of the crystal point group 23. In the framework of the microscopic theory, it is shown that both scalar and vector products of spins, ≤ft({{\\mathbf{s}}1}\\cdot {{\\mathbf{s}}2}\\right) and ≤ft[{{\\mathbf{s}}1}× {{\\mathbf{s}}2}\\right] , can give contributions of the same order of magnitude into the electric polarization.
Yoshitake, Junki; Nasu, Joji; Motome, Yukitoshi
2016-10-01
Experimental identification of quantum spin liquids remains a challenge, as the pristine nature is to be seen in asymptotically low temperatures. We here theoretically show that the precursor of quantum spin liquids appears in the spin dynamics in the paramagnetic state over a wide temperature range. Using the cluster dynamical mean-field theory and the continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo method, which are newly developed in the Majorana fermion representation, we calculate the dynamical spin structure factor, relaxation rate in nuclear magnetic resonance, and magnetic susceptibility for the honeycomb Kitaev model whose ground state is a canonical example of the quantum spin liquid. We find that dynamical spin correlations show peculiar temperature and frequency dependence even below the temperature where static correlations saturate. The results provide the experimentally accessible symptoms of the fluctuating fractionalized spins evincing the quantum spin liquids.
Quantum Monte Carlo simulation of antiferromagnetic spin ladder (C5H12N)2CuBr4
Freitas, Augusto S.
2016-07-01
In this paper I present a Quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) study of the magnetic properties of an antiferromagnetic spin ladder (C5H12N)2CuBr4. This compound is the prototype of the Heisenberg model for a two leg spin ladder in the presence of an external magnetic field. The susceptibility phase diagram has a rounded peak in the vicinity of T=7.4 K, obeys Troyer's law for low temperatures, and Curie's law for high temperatures. I also study the susceptibility diagram in low temperatures and I found the spin gap Δ=9.26 K, in good concordance with the experimental value, 9.5 K. In high field, I present a diagram of magnetization as a function of temperature. In the vicinity of a critical field, Hci, the magnetization scales with T1/2 and this result was found also in the QMC simulation. In all the results, there is a very good concordance with the experimental data. I also show in this paper that the spin gap is null and the susceptibility is proportional to T for low temperatures when relatively high values of the ladders' coupling is taken in account.
Meng, K. K.; Miao, J.; Xu, X. G.; Wu, Y.; Zhao, X. P.; Zhao, J. H.; Jiang, Y.
2016-12-01
We report systematic measurements of anomalous Hall effect (AHE) and spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in MnGa/IrMn films, in which a single L 10-MnGa epitaxial layer reveals obvious orbital two-channel Kondo (2CK) effect. As increasing the thickness of the antiferromagnet IrMn, the strong spin Hall effect (SHE) has gradually suppressed the orbital 2CK effect and modified the AHE of MnGa. A scaling involving multiple competing scattering mechanisms has been used to distinguish different contributions to the modified AHE. Finally, the sizeable SOT in the MnGa/IrMn films induced by the strong SHE of IrMn have been investigated. The IrMn layer also supplies an in-plane exchange bias field and enables nearly field-free magnetization reversal.
Kawaguchi, N.; Fujiwara, N.; Iimura, S.; Matsuishi, S.; Hosono, H.
2016-10-01
The electron-doped high-transition-temperature (Tc) iron-based pnictide superconductor LaFeAsO1 -xHx has a unique phase diagram: Superconducting double domes are sandwiched by antiferromagnetic phases at ambient pressure and they turn into a single dome with a maximum Tc that exceeds 45 K at a pressure of 3.0 GPa. We studied whether spin fluctuations are involved in increasing Tc under a pressure of 3.0 GPa by using the 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique. The 75As-NMR results for the powder samples show that Tc increases up to 48 K without the influence of spin fluctuations. This fact indicates that spin fluctuations are not involved in raising Tc, which implies that other factors, such as orbital degrees of freedom, may be important for achieving a high Tc of almost 50 K.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Neto, Minos A., E-mail: minos@pq.cnpq.br [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, 3000, Japiim, Manaus, 69077-000 AM (Brazil); Roberto Viana, J., E-mail: vianafisica@bol.com.br [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, 3000, Japiim, Manaus, 69077-000 AM (Brazil); Ricardo de Sousa, J., E-mail: jsousa@edu.ufam.br [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, 3000, Japiim, Manaus, 69077-000 AM (Brazil); National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, 3000, Japiim, Manaus, 69077-000 AM (Brazil)
2012-08-15
In this work we study the critical behavior of the quantum spin-1/2 anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet in the presence of a longitudinal field on a body centered cubic (bcc) lattice as a function of temperature, anisotropy parameter ({Delta}) and magnetic field (H), where {Delta}=0 and 1 correspond the isotropic Heisenberg and Ising models, respectively. We use the framework of the differential operator technique in the effective-field theory with finite cluster of N=4 spins (EFT-4). The staggered m{sub s}=(m{sub A}-m{sub B})/2 and total m=(m{sub A}+m{sub B})/2 magnetizations are numerically calculated, where in the limit of m{sub s}{yields}0 the critical line T{sub N}(H,{Delta}) is obtained. The phase diagram in the T-H plane is discussed as a function of the parameter {Delta} for all values of H Element-Of [0,H{sub c}({Delta})], where H{sub c}({Delta}) correspond the critical field (T{sub N}=0). Special focus is given in the low temperature region, where a reentrant behavior is observed around of H=H{sub c}({Delta}){>=}H{sub c}({Delta}=1)=8J in the Ising limit, results in accordance with Monte Carlo simulation, and also was observed for all values of {Delta} Element-Of [0,1]. This reentrant behavior increases with increase of the anisotropy parameter {Delta}. In the limit of low field, our results for the Heisenberg limit are compared with series expansion values. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In the lat decade there has been a great interest in the physics of the quantum phase transition in spins system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Effective-field theory in cluster with N=4 spins is generalized to treat the quantum spin-1/2 Heisenberg model. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We have obtained phase diagram at finite temperature for the quantum spin-1/2 antiferromagnet Heisenberg model as a bcc lattice.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Takashi Yanagisawa
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We investigate the ground state of two-dimensional Hubbard model on the basis of the variational Monte Carlo method. We use wave functions that include kinetic correlation and doublon-holon correlation beyond the Gutzwiller ansatz. It is still not clear whether the Hubbard model accounts for high-temperature superconductivity. The antiferromagnetic correlation plays a key role in the study of pairing mechanism because the superconductive phase exists usually close to the antiferromagnetic phase. We investigate the stability of the antiferromagnetic state when holes are doped as a function of the Coulomb repulsion U. We show that the antiferromagnetic correlation is suppressed as U is increased exceeding the bandwidth. High-temperature superconductivity is possible in this region with enhanced antiferromagnetic spin fluctuation and pairing interaction.
Manago, Masahiro; Yamanaka, Takayoshi; Ishida, Kenji; Mao, Zhiqiang; Maeno, Yoshiteru
2016-10-01
We carried out 101Ru nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurement on superconducting (SC) Sr2RuO4 under zero magnetic field (H =0 ) and found that the nuclear spin-spin relaxation rate 1 /T2 is enhanced in the SC state. The 1 /T2 measurement in the SC state under H =0 is effective for detecting slow magnetic fluctuations parallel to the quantized axis of the nuclear spin. Our results indicate that low-energy magnetic fluctuations perpendicular to the RuO2 plane emerge when the superconductivity sets in, which is consistent with the previous 17O-NQR result that the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1 /T1 of the in-plane O site exhibits anomalous behavior in the SC state. The enhancement of the magnetic fluctuations in the SC state is unusual and suggests that the fluctuations are related to the unconventional SC pairing. We suggest that this phenomenon is a consequence of the spin degrees of freedom of the spin-triplet pairing.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Clarke, S.J.; Harrison, A.; Mason, T.E.;
1999-01-01
Copper(II) formate tetrahydrate (CFTH) is a model square S = 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with T-N = 16.54 +/- 0.05 K. The dispersion of spin-waves in the magnetic layers of a fully deuterated sample of this material has been mapped at 4.3 K by inelastic neutron scattering from the zone centre...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Enderle, M.; Kiefer, K.; Klopperpieper, A.;
2000-01-01
Uniform S = 1 and 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chains have a quantum singlet ground state which is an eigenstate of the total spin with S(tot) = 0. However, the 'internal' order of these ground states is quite different, and is reflected in gapless excitations in the S = 1/2 state, while the S...
飛田, 和男
2008-01-01
Original Paper :Critical Properties of Spin-1 Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chains with Bond Alternation and Uniaxial Single-Ion-Type AnisotropyWei Chen, Kazuo Hida and Bryan Clifford Sanctuary Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 69 (2000) pp.237-241
Spin frustration and magnetic ordering in triangular lattice antiferromagnet Ca3CoNb2O9
Dai, Jia; Zhou, Ping; Wang, Peng-Shuai; Pang, Fei; Munsie, Tim J.; Luke, Graeme M.; Zhang, Jin-Shan; Yu, Wei-Qiang
2015-12-01
We synthesized a quasi-two-dimensional distorted triangular lattice antiferromagnet Ca3CoNb2O9, in which the effective spin of Co2+ is 1/2 at low temperatures, whose magnetic properties were studied by dc susceptibility and magnetization techniques. The x-ray diffraction confirms the quality of our powder samples. The large Weiss constant θCW˜ -55 K and the low Neel temperature TN˜ 1.45 K give a frustration factor f = | θCW/TN | ≈ 38, suggesting that Ca3CoNb2O9 resides in strong frustration regime. Slightly below TN, deviation between the susceptibility data under zero-field cooling (ZFC) and field cooling (FC) is observed. A new magnetic state with 1/3 of the saturate magnetization Ms is suggested in the magnetization curve at 0.46 K. Our study indicates that Ca3CoNb2O9 is an interesting material to investigate magnetism in triangular lattice antiferromagnets with weak anisotropy. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11374364 and 11222433), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2011CBA00112). Research at McMaster University supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council. Work at North China Electric Power University supported by the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry.
Spin-glass, antiferromagnetism and Kondo behavior in Ce2Au1-CoSi3 alloys
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Subham Majumdar; E V Sampathkumaran; St Berger; M Della Mea; H Michor; E Bauer; M Brando; J Hemberger; A Loidl
2002-05-01
Recently, the solid solution Ce2Au1-CoSi3 has been shown to exhibit many magnetic anomalies associated with the competition between magnetic ordering and the Kondo effect. Here we report high pressure electrical resistivity of Ce2AuSi3, ac susceptibility () and magnetoresistance of various alloys of this solid solution in order to gain better knowledge of the magnetism of these alloys. High pressure resistivity behavior is consistent with the proposal that Ce2AuSi3 lies at the left-hand side of the maximum in Doniach’s magnetic phase diagram. The ac data reveal that there are in fact two magnetic transitions, one at 2 K and the other at 3 K for this compound, both of which are spin-glass-like. However, as the Co concentration is increased, antiferromagnetism is stabilized for intermediate compositions before attaining non-magnetism for the Co end member.
Jurčišinová, E.; Jurčišin, M.
2016-09-01
The antiferromagnetic spin-1 Ising model is studied on the Husimi lattice constructed from elementary triangles with coordination number z = 4. It is found that the model has a unique solution for arbitrary values of the magnetic field as well as for all temperatures. A detailed analysis of the magnetization is performed and it is shown that in addition to the standard plateau-like ground states, the model also contains well-defined single-point ground states related to definite values of the magnetic field. Exact values of the residual entropies for all ground states are found. The properties of the susceptibility and the specific heat of the model are also discussed. The existence of the Schottky-type behavior of the specific heat and the strong magnetocaloric effect for low enough temperatures and for the external magnetic field close to the values at which the single-point ground states exist are identified.
Disorder effects in the S=1 antiferromagnetic spin ladder CaV{sub 2}O{sub 4}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Guitarra, S.R. [Colegio de Ciencias e Ingeniería, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito (Ecuador); Caneiro, A. [Instituto Balseiro - Centro Atómico Bariloche, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Niebieskikwiat, D., E-mail: dniebieskikwiat@usfq.edu.ec [Colegio de Ciencias e Ingeniería, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito (Ecuador)
2015-10-15
We study the physical properties of the antiferromagnetic spin ladder CaV{sub 2}O{sub 4} (CVO) and the Y-doped related compound Ca{sub 0.9}Y{sub 0.1}V{sub 2}O{sub 4}. In the latter, X-ray diffraction demonstrates the segregation of a small amount of a vanadium–perovskite impurity phase, leading to the formation of V vacancies within the main CVO-type structure. The 1D character of this calcium–vanadite enhances the influence of the vacancies on the electric and magnetic properties of Ca{sub 0.9}Y{sub 0.1}V{sub 2}O{sub 4}. Electrical transport is characterized by a variable-range hopping mechanism determined by the charging energy of nm-sized segments of V chains delimited by V vacancies, i.e. a Coulomb gap is formed at the Fermi level. These vacancies also locally affect the magnetic correlations, breaking the long-range AFM order observed in CaV{sub 2}O{sub 4} and producing exchange bias when the Y-doped sample is cooled with an applied magnetic field. - Highlights: • We study disorder effects in the quasi-1D antiferromagnetic spin ladder CaV{sub 2}O{sub 4}. • V vacancies in CaV{sub 2}O{sub 4} lead to variable-range hopping electrical transport. • The charging energy of nm-sized V chains determine the transport mechanism exponents. • V vacancies break the long-range AFM order of CaV{sub 2}O{sub 4}. • Local magnetic correlations in the vicinity of the defects produce exchange bias.
Mukai, Y; Yamamoto, T; Kageyama, H; Tanaka, K
2016-01-01
We report on the nonlinear magnetization dynamics of a HoFeO3 crystal induced by a strong terahertz magnetic field resonantly enhanced with a split ring resonator and measured with magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy. The terahertz magnetic field induces a large change (~40%) in the spontaneous magnetization. The frequency of the antiferromagnetic resonance decreases in proportion to the square of the magnetization change. A modified Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation with a phenomenological nonlinear damping term quantitatively reproduced the nonlinear dynamics.
Hida, Kazuo
2007-02-01
The ground state properties of the high spin Heisenberg chains with alternating single site anisotropy are investigated by means of the numerical exact daigonaization and DMRG method. It is found that the ferrimagnetic state appears between the Haldane phase and period doubled Néel phase for the integer spin chains. On the other hand, the transition from the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid state into the ferrimagnetic state takes place for the half-odd-integer spin chains. In the ferrimagnetic phase, the spontaneous magnetization varies continuously with the modulation amplitude of the single site anisotropy. Eventually, the magnetization is locked to fractional values of the saturated magnetization. These fractional values satisfy the Oshikawa-Yamanaka-Affleck condition. The local spin profile is calculated to reveal the physical nature of each state. In contrast to the case of frustration induced ferrimagnetism, no incommensurate magnetic superstructure is found.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jin, Zuanming; Mics, Zoltán; Ma, Guohong;
2013-01-01
We report on the coherent control of terahertz (THz) spin waves in a canted antiferromagnet yttrium orthoferrite, YFeO3, associated with a quasiferromagnetic (quasi-FM) spin resonance at a frequency of 0.3 THz, using a single-incident THz pulse. The spin resonance is excited impulsively...... by the magnetic field component of the THz pulse. The intrinsic dielectric anisotropy of YFeO3 in the THz range allows for coherent control of both the amplitude and the phase of the excited spin wave. The coherent control is based on simultaneous generation of two interfering phase-shifted spin waves whose...... amplitudes and relative phase, dictated by the dielectric anisotropy of the YFeO3 crystal, can be controlled by varying the polarization of the incident THz pulse with respect to the crystal axes. The spatially anisotropic decay of the THz-excited FM spin resonance in YFeO3, leading to an increasingly linear...
Spin freezing in the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Pr{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Matsuhira, K; Takagi, S [Department of Electronics, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu 804-8550 (Japan); Sekine, C [Muroran Institute of Technology, Muroran 050-8585 (Japan); Paulsen, C [Institute Neel C.N.R.S - Universite Joseph Fourier, BP 166, 38042, Grenoble (France); Wakeshima, M; Hinatsu, Y [Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan); Kitazawa, T; Kiuchi, Y; Hiroi, Z, E-mail: matuhira@elcs.kyutech.ac.j [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8581 (Japan)
2009-01-01
We report on the low temperature magnetism of pyrochlore oxide Pr{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7}. The crystal electric field ground state in Pr{sup 3+} (4f{sup 2}, J = 4) ions has non-Kramers doublet with local <111> Ising magnetic anisotropy. The negative Curie-Weiss temperature below 10 K (-0.55 K) indicates an antiferromagnetic coupling between the spins. The AC magnetic susceptibility does not exhibit any long range ordering at least down to 76 mK. Instead, a frequency dependence of AC magnetic susceptibility is observed below 0.3 K, indicating a spin freezing behavior. Furthermore, recently we have succeeded for the first time in growing a single crystal of Pr{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} by the floating-zone method using an infrared furnace equipped with four Xe lamps. We will also comment on the crystal growth of Pr{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7}.
Hirose, Yuhei; Oguchi, Akihide; Fukumoto, Yoshiyuki
2017-01-01
We study the ground-state phase diagram of a Heisenberg model with spin S = 1/2 on a diamond-like-decorated square lattice. A diamond unit has two types of antiferromagnetic exchange interactions, and the ratio λ of the length of the diagonal bond to that of the other four edges determines the strength of frustration. It has been pointed out [https://doi.org/10.7566/JPSJ.85.033705" xlink:type="simple">J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 85, 033705 (2016)] that the so-called tetramer-dimer states, which are expected to be stabilized in an intermediate region of λc < λ < 2, are identical to the square-lattice dimer-covering states, which ignited renewed interest in high-dimensional diamond-like-decorated lattices. In order to determine the phase boundary λc, we employ the modified spin wave method to estimate the energy of the ferrimagnetic state and obtain λc = 0.974. Furthermore, our numerical diagonalization study suggests that other cluster states do not appear in the ground-state phase diagram.
Fermi surface evolution and checker-board block-spin antiferromagnetism in AxFe2-ySe2
Tai, Yuan-Yen; Zhu, Jian-Xin; Graf, Matthias J.; Ting, C. S.
2012-10-01
We develop an effective multiorbital mean-field t-J Hamiltonian with realistic tight-binding and exchange parameters to describe the electronic and magnetic structures of iron-selenide based superconductors AxFe2-ySe2 for iron vacancy doping in the range 0≤y≤0.4. The Fermi surface topology extracted from the spectral function of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments is adequately accounted for by a tight-binding lattice model with random vacancy disorder. Since introducing iron vacancies breaks the lattice periodicity of the stochiometric compound, it greatly affects the electronic band structure. With changing vacancy concentration, the electronic band structure evolves, leading to a reconstruction of the Fermi surface topology. For intermediate doping levels, the realized stable electronic structure is a compromise between the solutions for the perfect lattice with y=0 and the vacancy stripe-ordered lattice with y=0.4, which results in a competition between vacancy random disorder and vacancy stripe order. A multiorbital hopping model is parameterized by comparing Fermi surface topologies to ARPES experiments, from which we construct a mean-field t-J lattice model to study the paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic (AFM) phases of K0.8Fe1.6Se2. In the AFM phase the calculated spin magnetization of the t-J model leads to a checker-board block-spin structure in good agreement with neutron scattering experiments and abinitio calculations.
Anomalous curie response of impurities in quantum-critical spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnets.
Höglund, Kaj H; Sandvik, Anders W
2007-07-13
We consider a magnetic impurity in two different S=1/2 Heisenberg bilayer antiferromagnets at their respective critical interlayer couplings separating Néel and disordered ground states. We calculate the impurity susceptibility using a quantum Monte Carlo method. With intralayer couplings in only one of the layers (Kondo lattice), we observe an anomalous Curie constant C*, as predicted on the basis of field-theoretical work [S. Sachdev, Science 286, 2479 (1999)10.1126/science.286.5449.2479]. The value C* = 0.262 +/- 0.002 is larger than the normal Curie constant C=S(S+1)/3. Our low-temperature results for a symmetric bilayer are consistent with a universal C*.
Soh, J H; Tucker, G S; Pratt, D K; Abernathy, D L; Stone, M B; Ran, S; Bud'ko, S L; Canfield, P C; Kreyssig, A; McQueeney, R J; Goldman, A I
2013-11-27
The relationship between antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations and superconductivity has become a central topic of research in studies of superconductivity in the iron pnictides. We present unambiguous evidence of the absence of magnetic fluctuations in the nonsuperconducting collapsed tetragonal phase of CaFe2As2 via inelastic neutron scattering time-of-flight data, which is consistent with the view that spin fluctuations are a necessary ingredient for unconventional superconductivity in the iron pnictides. We demonstrate that the collapsed tetragonal phase of CaFe2As2 is nonmagnetic, and discuss this result in light of recent reports of high-temperature superconductivity in the collapsed tetragonal phase of closely related compounds.
Hu, Wen-Jun; Gong, Shou-Shu; Sheng, D. N.
2016-08-01
By using Gutzwiller projected fermionic wave functions and variational Monte Carlo technique, we study the spin-1 /2 Heisenberg model with the first-neighbor (J1), second-neighbor (J2), and additional scalar chiral interaction JχSi.(Sj×Sk) on the triangular lattice. In the nonmagnetic phase of the J1-J2 triangular model with 0.08 ≲J2/J1≲0.16 , recent density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) studies [Zhu and White, Phys. Rev. B 92, 041105(R) (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.041105 and Hu, Gong, Zhu, and Sheng, Phys. Rev. B 92, 140403(R) (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.140403] find a possible gapped spin liquid with the signal of a competition between a chiral and a Z2 spin liquid. Motivated by the DMRG results, we consider the chiral interaction JχSi.(Sj×Sk) as a perturbation for this nonmagnetic phase. We find that with growing Jχ, the gapless U(1) Dirac spin liquid, which has the best variational energy for Jχ=0 , exhibits the energy instability towards a gapped spin liquid with nontrivial magnetic fluxes and nonzero chiral order. We calculate topological Chern number and ground-state degeneracy, both of which identify this flux state as the chiral spin liquid with fractionalized Chern number C =1 /2 and twofold topological degeneracy. Our results indicate a positive direction to stabilize a chiral spin liquid near the nonmagnetic phase of the J1-J2 triangular model.
Zhang, Yang; Sun, Yan; Yang, Hao; Železný, Jakub; Parkin, Stuart P. P.; Felser, Claudia; Yan, Binghai
2017-02-01
We have carried out a comprehensive study of the intrinsic anomalous Hall effect and spin Hall effect of several chiral antiferromagnetic compounds Mn3X (X = Ge, Sn, Ga, Ir, Rh and Pt) by ab initio band structure and Berry phase calculations. These studies reveal large and anisotropic values of both the intrinsic anomalous Hall effect and spin Hall effect. The Mn3X materials exhibit a noncollinear antiferromagnetic order which, to avoid geometrical frustration, forms planes of Mn moments that are arranged in a Kagome-type lattice. With respect to these Kagome planes, we find that both the anomalous Hall conductivity (AHC) and the spin Hall conductivity (SHC) are quite anisotropic for any of these materials. Based on our calculations, we propose how to maximize AHC and SHC for different materials. The band structures and corresponding electron filling, that we show are essential to determine the AHC and SHC, are compared for these different compounds. We point out that Mn3Ga shows a large SHC of about 600 (ℏ /e ) (Ωcm) -1 . Our work provides insights into the realization of strong anomalous Hall effects and spin Hall effects in chiral antiferromagnetic materials.
Magnetic dichroism and spin structure of antiferromagnetic NiO(001) films
Altieri, S; Finazzi, M; Hsieh, HH; Lin, HJ; Chen, CT; Hibma, T; Valeri, S; Sawatzky, GA
2003-01-01
We find that Ni L-2 edge x-ray magnetic linear dichroism is fully reversed for NiO(001) films on materials with reversed lattice mismatch. We relate this phenomenon to a preferential stabilization of magnetic S domains with main spin component either in or out of the plane, via dipolar interactions.
Reggiani, N; Colonia, J H; De Holanda, P C
1998-01-01
Taking into account the stringent limits from helioseismology observations on possible matter density fluctuations described by magnetohydrodynamics theory, we find the corresponding time variations of solar neutrino survival probability due to the resonant spin-flavor precession phenomenon with amplitude of order O(10%). We discuss the physics potential of high statistics real time experiments, like as Superkamiokande, to observe the effects of such magnetohydrodynamics fluctuations on their data. We conclude that these observations could be thought as a test of the resonant spin-flavor precession solution to the solar neutrino anomaly.
$1/f$ fluctuations in spinning-particle motions around Schwarzschild black hole
Koyama, H; Konishi, T; Kiuchi, Kenta; Konishi, Tetsuro; Koyama, Hiroko
2007-01-01
We study the properties of chaos in spinning-particle motions in Schwarzschild spacetime. We characterize the chaos in the motions using the power spectrum. We discover that the power spectrum shows not only white noise but also $1/f$-type fluctuation, depending on the value of the spin and the angular momentum of the test particle. We obtain the phase diagram for the properties of the chaos. Furthermore, we suggest that the origin of the $1/f$ fluctuations is the ``stagnant motions,'' itinerating among regular orbits (tori).
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
F Keshavarz
2017-02-01
Full Text Available In this study, the effect of four-spin exchanges between the nearest and next nearest neighbor spins of honeycomb lattice on the phase diagram of S=3/2 antiferomagnetic Heisenberg model is considered with two-spin exchanges between the nearest and next nearest neighbor spins. Firstly, the method is investigated with classical phase diagram. In classical phase diagram, in addition to Neel order, classical degeneracy is also seen. The existance of this phase in diagram phase is important because of the probability of the existence of quantum spin liquid in this region for such amount of interaction. To investigate the effect of quantum fluctuation on the stability of the obtained classical phase diagram, linear spin wave theory has been used. Obtained results show that in classical degeneracy regime, the quantum fluctuations cause the order by disorder in the spin system and the ground state is ordered
Yannouleas, Constantine; Brandt, Benedikt B.; Landman, Uzi
2016-07-01
Advances with trapped ultracold atoms intensified interest in simulating complex physical phenomena, including quantum magnetism and transitions from itinerant to non-itinerant behavior. Here we show formation of antiferromagnetic ground states of few ultracold fermionic atoms in single and double well (DW) traps, through microscopic Hamiltonian exact diagonalization for two DW arrangements: (i) two linearly oriented one-dimensional, 1D, wells, and (ii) two coupled parallel wells, forming a trap of two-dimensional, 2D, nature. The spectra and spin-resolved conditional probabilities reveal for both cases, under strong repulsion, atomic spatial localization at extemporaneously created sites, forming quantum molecular magnetic structures with non-itinerant character. These findings usher future theoretical and experimental explorations into the highly correlated behavior of ultracold strongly repelling fermionic atoms in higher dimensions, beyond the fermionization physics that is strictly applicable only in the 1D case. The results for four atoms are well described with finite Heisenberg spin-chain and cluster models. The numerical simulations of three fermionic atoms in symmetric DWs reveal the emergent appearance of coupled resonating 2D Heisenberg clusters, whose emulation requires the use of a t-J-like model, akin to that used in investigations of high T c superconductivity. The highly entangled states discovered in the microscopic and model calculations of controllably detuned, asymmetric, DWs suggest three-cold-atom DW quantum computing qubits.
Casola, F; Shiroka, T; Wang, S; Conder, K; Pomjakushina, E; Mesot, J; Ott, H-R
2010-08-06
Nuclear magnetic resonance and magnetization measurements were used to probe the magnetic features of single-crystalline Bi(Cu(1-x)Zn(x))(2)PO(6) with 00 and we present clear evidence for a temperature-dependent variation of the local magnetization close to the Zn sites. The generic nature of this observation is indicated by results of model calculations on appropriate spin systems of limited size employing quantum Monte Carlo methods.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Parente, Walter E.F.; Pacobahyba, J.T.M.; Araújo, Ijanílio G. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Roraima, BR 174, Km 12. Bairro Monte Cristo. CEP: 69300-000 Boa Vista, Roraima (Brazil); Neto, Minos A., E-mail: minos@pq.cnpq.br [Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Departamento de Física, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000, Manaus-AM (Brazil); Ricardo de Sousa, J. [Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Departamento de Física, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000, Manaus-AM (Brazil); National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000, Manaus-AM (Brazil); Akinci, Ümit [Department of Physics, Dokuz Eylül University, Tr-35160 Izmir (Turkey)
2014-04-15
In this paper we study the quantum spin-1/2 anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet model in the presence of a Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction (D) and a uniform longitudinal (H) magnetic field. Using the effective-field theory with a finite cluster N=2 spin (EFT-2) we calculate the phase diagrams in the H−T and D−T planes on a simple cubic lattice (z=6). We have only observed second order phase transitions for values between Δ∈[0,1], where the cases were analysed: Ising (Δ=1), anisotropic Heisenberg (Δ=0.6) and isotropic Heisenberg (Δ=0). - Highlights: • Anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a simple cubic lattice. • Effective-field theory. • Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction.
Topological Effects on Quantum Phase Slips in Superfluid Spin Transport
Kim, Se Kwon; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav
2016-03-01
We theoretically investigate effects of quantum fluctuations on superfluid spin transport through easy-plane quantum antiferromagnetic spin chains in the large-spin limit. Quantum fluctuations result in the decaying spin supercurrent by unwinding the magnetic order parameter within the easy plane, which is referred to as phase slips. We show that the topological term in the nonlinear sigma model for the spin chains qualitatively differentiates the decaying rate of the spin supercurrent between the integer versus half-odd-integer spin chains. An experimental setup for a magnetoelectric circuit is proposed, in which the dependence of the decaying rate on constituent spins can be verified by measuring the nonlocal magnetoresistance.
Lima, L. S.
2017-02-01
We have used the Dirac's massless quasi-particles together with the Kubo's formula to study the spin transport by electrons in the graphene monolayer. We have calculated the electric conductivity and verified the behavior of the AC and DC currents of this system, that is a relativistic electron plasma. Our results show that the AC conductivity tends to infinity in the limit ω → 0 , similar to the behavior obtained for the spin transport in the two-dimensional frustrated antiferromagnet in the honeycomb lattice. We have made a diagrammatic expansion for the Green's function and we have not gotten significative change in the results.
Wheeler, E M; Coldea, R.; Wawrzynska, E.; Sorgel, T.; Jansen, M; Koza, M. M.; Taylor, J; Adroguer, P.; Shannon, N.
2009-01-01
We report inelastic neutron scattering measurements of the spin dynamics in the layered hexagonal magnet 2H-AgNiO2 which has stacked triangular layers of antiferromagnetically-coupled Ni2+ spins (S=1) ordered in a collinear alternating stripe pattern. We observe a broad band of magnetic excitations above a small gap of 1.8 meV and extending up to 7.5 meV, indicating strongly dispersive excitations. The measured dispersions of the boundaries of the powder-averaged spectrum can be quantitativel...
Neutron scattering studies of three one-dimensional antiferromagnets
Kenzelmann, M
2001-01-01
observed in the disordered phase of spin-1/2 chains. The magnetic order of the one-dimensional spin-1/2 XY antiferromagnet Cs sub 2 CoCl sub 4 was investigated using neutron diffraction. The magnetic structure has an ordering wave-vector (0, 0.5, 0.5) for T < 217 mK and the magnetic structure is a non-linear structure with the magnetic moments at a small angle to the b axis. Above a field of H = 2.1 T the magnetic order collapses in an apparent first order phase transition, suggesting a transition to a spin-liquid phase. Low-dimensional magnets with low-spin quantum numbers are ideal model systems for investigating strongly interacting macroscopic quantum ground states and their non-linear spin excitations. This thesis describes neutron scattering experiments of three one-dimensional low-spin antiferromagnets where strong quantum fluctuations lead to highly-correlated ground states and unconventional cooperative spin excitations. The excitation spectrum of the antiferromagnetic spin-1 Heisenberg chain CsNi...
Zalessky, A V; Zvezdin, A K; Gippius, A A; Morozova, E N; Khozeev, D F; Bush, A S; Pokatilov, V S
2002-01-01
The NMR spectra on the iron nuclei in the BiFeO sub 3 antiferromagnetic sample enriched by the sup 5 sup 7 Fe (95.43%) with the spatially-modulated magnetic structure are studied. It is established that the cycloid-type spin modulation in the BiFeO sub 3 produces spatial modulation of the nuclear spin-spin relaxation velocity and leads to the spectral nonuniform widening of the NMR local line. It is determined also that the local magnetic moments of the iron ions on various cycloid sections differently depend on temperature which testifies to different character of the spin waves excitation. The analogy of the experimental results with the NMR regularities in the Bloch wall is discussed
Spin-fluctuation-mediated pairing symmetry on the metallic kagome lattice
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kang Jing; Yu Shunli; Li Jianxin [Department of Physics and National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Yao Zijian [Department of Physics and Center of Theoretical and Computational Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong)
2011-05-04
We study the magnetic properties and the superconducting pairing mediated by spin fluctuations on the metallic kagome lattice by using the Hubbard model and the fluctuation exchange approximation. It is found that the spin susceptibility is caused by the nesting of the renormalized Fermi surface. We point out that superconductivity will be favored in the spin-singlet channel and may be more easily realized around 25% hole doping. We find an evolution of the pairing state from a d-wave-like symmetry, described by the E{sub 2g} representation of the group D{sub 6h} at low dopings, to that described by the A{sub 2g} representation at heavy hole dopings.
Strength and scales of itinerant spin fluctuations in 3 d paramagnetic metals
Wysocki, Aleksander L.; Kutepov, Andrey; Antropov, Vladimir P.
2016-10-01
The full spin density fluctuations (SDF) spectra in 3 d paramagnetic metals are analyzed from first principles using the linear response technique. Using the calculated complete wave vector and energy dependence of the dynamic spin susceptibility, we obtain the most important, but elusive, characteristic of SDF in solids: on-site spin correlator (SC). We demonstrate that the SDF have a mixed character consisting of interacting collective and single-particle excitations of similar strength spreading continuously over the entire Brillouin zone and a wide energy range up to femtosecond time scales. These excitations cannot be adiabatically separated and their intrinsically multiscale nature should always be taken into account for a proper description of metallic systems. Overall, in all studied systems, despite the lack of local moment, we found a very large SC resulting in an effective fluctuating moment of the order of several Bohr magnetons.
Magnetic fluctuations in UNi4B
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mentink, S.A.M.; Mason, T.E.; Buyers, W.J.L.;
1997-01-01
We investigate the magnetic fluctuation spectrum of the geometrically frustrated antiferromagnetic compound UNi4B, which partially orders below T-N = 20 K. An overdamped spin excitation is observed at the AF wave vector around 2.4 meV. Low-frequency, weakly Q-dependent inelastic scattering...
Magnetic fluctuations in heavy-fermion metals
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mason, T.E.; Petersen, T.; Aeppli, G.
1995-01-01
, the nature of the antiferromagnetic order and magnetic fluctuations is qualitatively quite different. UPd2Al3 resembles a rare earth magnetic system with coupling of the 4f electrons to the conduction electrons manifested in a broadening of otherwise conventional spin wave excitations. This is in marked...
Unusual Charge Transport and Spin Response of Doped Bilayer Triangular Antiferromagnets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIANG Ying; MA Tian-Xing; FENG Shi-Ping
2003-01-01
Within the t-J model, the charge transport and spin response of the doped bilayer triangular antiferromagnetare studied by considering the bilayer interaction. Although the bilayer interaction leads to the band splitting in theelectronic structure, the qualitative behaviors of the physical properties are the same as in the single layer case. Theconductivity spectrum shows the low-energy peak and unusual midinfrared band, the temperature-dependent resistivityis characterized by the nonlinearity metallic-like behavior in the higher temperature range and the deviation from themetallic-like behavior in the lower temperature range and the commensurate neutron scattering peak near the half-fillingis split into six incommensurate peaks in the underdoped regime, with the incommensurability increasing with the holeconcentration at lower dopings, and saturating at higher dopings.
Time-Correlated Structure in Spin Fluctuations in Pulsars
Price, Steve; Shore, Steve; Nice, David
2012-01-01
We study statistical properties of stochastic variations in pulse arrival times, timing noise, in radio pulsars using a new analysis method applied in the time domain. The method proceeds in two steps. First, we subtract low-frequency wander using a high-pass filter. Second, we calculate the discrete correlation function of the filtered data. As a complementary method for measuring correlations, we introduce a statistic that measures the dispersion of the data with respect to the data translated in time. The analysis methods presented here are robust and of general usefulness for studying arrival time variations over timescales approaching the average sampling interval. We apply these methods to timing data for 32 pulsars. In two radio pulsars, PSRs B1133+16 and B1933+16, we find that fluctuations in arrival times are correlated over timescales of 10 - 20 d with the distinct signature of a relaxation process. Though this relaxation response could be magnetospheric in origin, we argue that damping between the ...
Competition between itinerant ferromagnetism and spin-density wave antiferromagnetism in FeGa
Wu, Yan; Cao, Huibo; McCandles, Gregory; Chan, Julia; Karki, Amar; Jin, Rongying; Ditusa, John
2015-03-01
The metallic magnetFeGadisplays a rich magnetic behavior that includes transitions between a FM ground state to a AFM intermediate state at 68 K and back to a FM state at 360 K. The phase transition at 360 K is accompanied by a discontinuous hysteretic change in the electrical resistivity. In addition, the application of moderate magnetic fields cause a sharp transformation from the AFM to FM state with a critical Hthat grows dramatically with T.To explore the cause of this unusual competition of magnetic states, we investigated the magnetic structure of FeGavia extensive single crystal neutron diffraction measurements. These measurements revealed a FM ordering with magnetic moments lying along the crystallographic c-axis both below 68 K and above 360 K as well as incommensurate spin density wave order between these temperatures. Our refinement of the diffraction data has uncovered the existence of a small non-coplanar moment which may be the origin of our previously discovered topological Hall Effect.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gupta, Sachin, E-mail: gsachin55@gmail.com, E-mail: suresh@phy.iitb.ac.in; Suresh, K. G., E-mail: gsachin55@gmail.com, E-mail: suresh@phy.iitb.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India); Das, A. [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Nigam, A. K. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India); Hoser, A. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Hahn-Meitner Platz 1, 14-109 Berlin (Germany)
2015-06-01
Polycrystalline NdCuSi is found to show co-existence of antiferromagnetic (AFM) and ferromagnetic (FM) phases at low temperatures, as revealed by neutron diffraction data. The coexistence is attributed to the competing exchange interactions and crystal field effect. The compound shows a large, low-field magnetoresistance (MR) of ∼ − 32% at 20 kOe below T{sub N} (3.1 K), which becomes ∼ − 36% at 50 kOe. The MR value at 50 kOe is found to be the highest among the RTX compounds. Magnetocaloric effect (MCE) is also found to show a large value of ∼11 J/kg K close to T{sub N}. Resistivity data show the presence of spin fluctuations, which get suppressed by the applied field. Large MR and MCE in this compound arise due to the coexistence of the two phases. The field dependencies of MR and MCE show quadratic behavior, confirming the presence of spin fluctuations.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sachin Gupta
2015-06-01
Full Text Available Polycrystalline NdCuSi is found to show co-existence of antiferromagnetic (AFM and ferromagnetic (FM phases at low temperatures, as revealed by neutron diffraction data. The coexistence is attributed to the competing exchange interactions and crystal field effect. The compound shows a large, low-field magnetoresistance (MR of ∼ − 32% at 20 kOe below TN (3.1 K, which becomes ∼ − 36% at 50 kOe. The MR value at 50 kOe is found to be the highest among the RTX compounds. Magnetocaloric effect (MCE is also found to show a large value of ∼11 J/kg K close to TN. Resistivity data show the presence of spin fluctuations, which get suppressed by the applied field. Large MR and MCE in this compound arise due to the coexistence of the two phases. The field dependencies of MR and MCE show quadratic behavior, confirming the presence of spin fluctuations.
Suh, B J
2000-01-01
A comprehensive analysis of the sup 3 sup 5 Cl nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation data in Sr sub 2 CuO sub 2 Cl sub 2 single crystals is presented. Both the spin-lattice relaxation rate, T sub 1 sup - sup 1 (=2W), and the spin-spin relaxation rate, T sub 2 sup - sup 1 , show a crossover of the spin dimensionality well above the Neel temperature T sub N. The crossover is due to easy-plane anisotropy and is apparently signaled by the partial suppression of the Cu sup 2 sup + spin fluctuations along the tetragonal c-axis. By analyzing 2W for H ll c in terms of the critical behavior of the spin correlation length, we estimate the temperature for the crossover of the Cu sup 2 sup + spin correlations from Heisenberg to XY-like behavior to be T approx =290 K.
Glass-like recovery of antiferromagnetic spin ordering in a photo-excited manganite Pr0.7Ca0.3MnO3
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhou, S. Y.; Langner, M. C.; Zhu, Y.; Chuang, Y. -D.; Rini, M.; Glover, T. E.; Hertlein, M. P.; Gonzalez, A.G. Cruz; Tahir, N.; Tomioka, Y.; Tokura, Y.; Hussain, Z.; Schoenlein, R. W.
2014-01-16
Electronic orderings of charges, orbitals and spins are observed in many strongly correlated electron materials, and revealing their dynamics is a critical step toward understanding the underlying physics of important emergent phenomena. Here we use time-resolved resonant soft x-ray scattering spectroscopy to probe the dynamics of antiferromagnetic spin ordering in the manganite Pr0:7Ca0:3MnO3 following ultrafast photo-exitation. Our studies reveal a glass-like recovery of the spin ordering and a crossover in the dimensionality of the restoring interaction from quasi-1D at low pump fluence to 3D at high pump fluence. This behavior arises from the metastable state created by photo-excitation, a state characterized by spin disordered metallic droplets within the larger charge- and spin-ordered insulating domains. Comparison with time-resolved resistivity measurements suggests that the collapse of spin ordering is correlated with the insulator-to-metal transition, but the recovery of the insulating phase does not depend on the re-establishment of the spin ordering.
Majumdar, Kingshuk; Datta, Trinanjan
2009-10-07
At zero temperature the sublattice magnetization of the quantum spin- 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a body-centered cubic lattice with competing first and second neighbor exchange (J(1) and J(2)) is investigated using the non-linear spin wave theory. The zero temperature phases of the model consist of a two sublattice Néel phase for small J(2) (AF(1)) and a collinear phase at large J(2) (AF(2)). We show that quartic corrections due to spin wave interactions enhance the sublattice magnetization in both the AF(1) and the AF(2) phase. The magnetization corrections are prominent near the classical transition point of the model and in the J(2)>J(1) regime. The ground state energy with quartic interactions is also calculated. It is found that up to quartic corrections the first order phase transition (previously observed in this model) between the AF(1) and the AF(2) phase survives.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li, Rui-Xue; Wang, Shu-Ling; Ni, Yun [School of Physics and Wuhan National High Magnetic Field Center, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Yao, Kai-Lun, E-mail: klyao@mail.hust.edu.cn [School of Physics and Wuhan National High Magnetic Field Center, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); International Center of Materials Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110015 (China); Fu, Hua-Hua [School of Physics and Wuhan National High Magnetic Field Center, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)
2014-02-01
Magnetic properties of three-leg antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin-1/2 ladders with different dimerization patterns have been studied using the bond mean-field theory. Our results show that rung-columnar ladders are thermodynamically stable states for large rung-to-leg coupling ratios. Magnetization curves of leg-columnar and leg-staggered ladders always exhibit 0- and 2/3-magnetization plateaus, which do not appear in rung-columnar and rung-staggered ladders. In leg-dimerized ladders, the formation of spin dimers in the three legs results in the appearance of the 0- and 2/3-magnetization plateaus. Spin configuration in the 2/3-magnetization plateau can be understood from the mean-field bond parameters.
Takaishi, Shinya; Tobu, Yasuhiro; Kitagawa, Hiroshi; Goto, Atsushi; Shimizu, Tadashi; Okubo, Takashi; Mitani, Tadaoki; Ikeda, Ryuichi
2004-02-18
81Br Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurement was performed in an S = 1/2 one-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnetic metal complex [NiBr(chxn)2]Br2 (chxn: 1R,2R-diaminocyclohexane), having a halogen-bridged MX chain structure -Br-Ni3+-Br-Ni3+-Br-. Two 81Br NQR signals were observed below 40 K, while a single signal was observed above 130 K, showing the presence of two nonequivalent bridging Br sites below 40 K. This NQR result together with previously reported magnetic susceptibility and X-ray results indicate the occurrence of a transition into a spin-Peierls state between 40 and 130 K. This communication reports the first spin-Peierls transition in metal complexes in which pure d electrons contribute to the magnetism. In addition, we demonstrated a new experimental method for studying a spin-Peierls system.
Finite-dimensional colored fluctuation-dissipation theorem for spin systems
Nicolis, Stam; Tranchida, Julien
2016-01-01
When nano-magnets are coupled to random external sources, their magnetization becomes a random variable, whose properties are defined by an induced probability density, that can be reconstructed from its moments, using the Langevin equation, for mapping the noise to the dynamical degrees of freedom. When the spin dynamics is discretized in time, a general fluctuation-dissipation theorem, valid for non-Markovian noise, can be established, even when zero modes are present. We discuss the subtleties that arise, when Gilbert damping is present and the mapping between noise and spin degrees of freedom is non--linear.
The role of spin fluctuations in the anomalous anisotropy of MnBi
Barker, Joseph; Mryasov, Oleg
2016-12-01
MnBi is unusual for having a magnetic anisotropy energy which increases with temperature. Recent theoretical works have studied how the lattice effects the anisotropy. However, the role of spin fluctuations has been hitherto overlooked, even though this is the primary mechanism for the temperature dependence of anisotropy in magnetic materials. We have created a model of MnBi including all anisotropy terms which are indicated from experiments and theory. Parameterizing based on experimental measurements we used the Callen-Callen theory to calculate the temperature dependence of the magnetic anisotropy due to spin fluctuations. An excellent agreement is found with experiments, across the entire temperature range. Our results indicate the driving force to be the competition between in-plane single ion and out of plane two-ion anisotropies.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JI An-Chun; TIAN Guang-Shan
2007-01-01
In the present paper, we investigate the quantum phase transition in a spatially anisotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model of S = 1 with single-ion energy anisotropy. By using the Schwinger boson representation, we calculate the Gaussian correction to the critical value Jc⊥ caused by quantum spin fluctuations. We find that, for the positive single-ion energy, a nonzero value of Jc⊥ is always needed to stabilize the antiferromagnetic long-range order in this model. It resolves a difference among literature and shows clearly that the effect of quantum fluctuations may qualitatively change a result obtained by the mean-field theories on lower-dimensional systems.
Spin Transport by Collective Spin Excitations
Hammel, P. Chris
We report studies of angular momentum transport in insulating materials. Our measurements reveal efficient spin pumping from high wavevector k spin waves in thin film Y3Fe5O12 (YIG): spin pumping is independent of wavevector up to k ~ 20 μm-1. Optical detection of YIG FMR by NV centers in diamond reveals a role for spin waves in this insulator-to-insulator spin transfer process. Spin transport is typically suppressed by insulating barriers, but we find that fluctuating antiferromagnetic correlations enable efficient spin transport at nm-scale thicknesses in insulating antiferromagnets, even in the absence of long-range order, and that the spin decay length increases with the strength of the antiferromagnetic correlations. This research is supported by the U.S. DOE through Grants DE-FG02-03ER46054 and DE-SC0001304, by the NSF MRSEC program through Grant No. 1420451 and by the Army Research Office through Grant W911NF0910147.
Macroscopic Quantum Coherence in Antiferromagnetic Molecular Magnets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HU Hui; LO Rong; ZHU Jia-Lin; XIONG Jia-Jiong
2001-01-01
The macroscopic quantum coherence in a biaxial antiferromagnetic molecular magnet in the presence of magnetic field acting parallel to its hard anisotropy axis is studied within the two-sublattice model. On the basis of instanton technique in the spin-coherent-state path-integral representation, both the rigorous Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin exponent and pre-exponential factor for the ground-state tunnel splitting are obtained. We find that the quantum fluctuations around the classical paths can not only induce a new quantum phase previously reported by Chiolero and Loss (Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 (1998) 169), but also have great influence on the intensity of the ground-state tunnel splitting. Those features clearly have no analogue in the ferromagnetic molecular magnets. We suggest that they may be the universal behaviors in all antiferromagnetic molecular magnets. The analytical results are complemented by exact diagonalization calculation.
Macroscopic Quantum Coherence in Antiferromagnetic Molecular Magnets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUHui; LURong; 等
2001-01-01
The macroscopic quantum coherence in a biaxial antiferromagnetic molecular magnet in the presence of magnetic field acting parallel to its hard anisotropy axis is studied within the two-sublattice model.On the basis of instanton technique in the spin-coherent-state path-integral representation,both the rigorous Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin exponent and pre-exponential factor for the ground-state tunnel splitting are obtained.We find that the quantum fluctuations around the classical paths can not only induce a new quantum phase previously reported by Chiolero and Loss (Phys.Rev.Lett.80(1998)169),but also have great influence on the intensity of the ground-state tunnel splitting.Those features clearly have no analogue in the ferromagnetic molecular magnets.We suggest that they may be the universal behaviors in all antiferromagnetic molecular magnets.The analytical results are complemented by exact diagonalization calculation.
Surface and step dynamics of a semi-infinite insulating antiferromagnet system
Tamine, M
2003-01-01
We have carried out a theoretical study of the localized spin-wave modes near the surface step of the insulating Heisenberg antiferromagnet. In this work, we study the full magnetic problem arising from the absence of translational symmetry due to the presence of a magnetic surface and step. The calculation concerns in particular the spin fluctuation dynamics and employs the matching procedure in the random-phase approximation. Only the nearest neighbours exchange interactions are considered between the spins in the model. The analytical formalism presented here determines the bulk and evanescent spin fluctuation fields in the two-dimensional plane normal to the surface and step regions. The results are used to calculate the localized modes of magnons associated with the step and surface terraces. The present model may be generalized to treat the spin fluctuations dynamics of other extended surface imperfections or nanostructures, provided they preserve the translation symmetry of the ordered spins along a di...
Gálisová, Lucia
2016-11-01
The thermodynamic and magnetocaloric properties of a generalized spin-(1/2, s) Fisher’s super-exchange antiferromagnet are investigated precisely by using the decoration-iteration mapping transformation. Besides the critical temperature, sublattice magnetization, total magnetization, entropy and specific heat, the isothermal entropy change and adiabatic temperature change are also rigorously calculated in order to examine the cooling efficiency of the model in the vicinity of the first- and second-order phase transitions. It is shown that an enhanced inverse magnetocaloric effect occurs around the temperature interval {{T}\\text{c}}(B\
Ferrimagnetism in delta chain with anisotropic ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions
Dmitriev, D. V.; Krivnov, V. Ya
2016-12-01
We consider analytically and numerically an anisotropic spin-\\frac{1}{2} delta-chain (sawtooth chain) in which exchange interactions between apical and basal spins are ferromagnetic and those between basal spins are antiferromagnetic. In the limit of strong anisotropy of exchange interactions this model can be considered as the Ising delta chain with macroscopic degenerate ground state perturbed by transverse quantum fluctuations. These perturbations lift the ground state degeneracy and the model reduces to the basal XXZ spin chain in the magnetic field induced by static apical spins. We show that the ground state of such a model is ferrimagnetic. The excitations of the model are formed by ferrimagnetic domains separated by domain walls with a finite energy. At low temperatures the system is effectively divided into two independent subsystems, the apical subsystem described by the Ising spin-\\frac{1}{2} chain and the basal subsystem described by the XXZ chain with infinite zz interactions.
Correlation-Driven Charge and Spin Fluctuations in LaCoO3
Karolak, M.; Izquierdo, M.; Molodtsov, S. L.; Lichtenstein, A. I.
2015-07-01
The spin transition in LaCoO3 has been investigated using density-functional theory in combination with dynamical mean-field theory employing continuous time quantum Monte Carlo and exact diagonalization impurity solvers. Calculations on the experimental rhombohedral atomic structure with two Co sites per unit cell show that an independent treatment of the Co atoms results in a ground state with strong charge fluctuations induced by electronic correlations. Each atom shows a contribution from either a d5 or a d7 state in addition to the main d6 state. These states play a relevant role in the spin transition which can be understood as a low spin-high spin (LS-HS) transition with significant contributions (˜10 % ) to the LS and HS states of d5 and d7 states, respectively. We report spectra as well as optical conductivity data for all cases. A thermodynamic analysis reveals a significant kinetic energy gain through introduction of charge fluctuations, which in addition to the potential energy reduction lowers the total energy of the system.
Antiferromagnetic ordering in superconducting YBa2Cu3O6.5
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sidis, Y.; Ulrich, C.; Bourges, P.
2001-01-01
Commensurate antiferromagnetic ordering has been observed in the superconducting high-T-c. cuprate YBa2Cu3O6.5 (T-c = 55 K) by polarized and unpolarized elastic neutron scattering. The magnetic peak intensity exhibits a marked enhancement at T-c. Zero-field muon-spin-resonance experiments...... demonstrate that the staggered magnetization is not truly static but fluctuates on a nanosecond time scale. These results point towards an unusual spin density wave state coexisting with superconductivity....
Magnetic phase diagrams of classical triangular and kagome antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gvozdikova, M V [Department of Physics, Kharkov National University, 61077 Kharkov (Ukraine); Melchy, P-E; Zhitomirsky, M E, E-mail: mike.zhitomirsky@cea.fr [Service de Physique Statistique, Magnetisme et Supraconductivite, UMR-E9001 CEA-INAC/UJF, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)
2011-04-27
We investigate the effect of geometrical frustration on the H-T phase diagrams of the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets on triangular and kagome lattices. The phase diagrams for the two models are obtained from large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. For the kagome antiferromagnet, thermal fluctuations are unable to lift degeneracy completely and stabilize translationally disordered multipolar phases. We find a substantial difference in the temperature scales of the order by disorder effect related to different degeneracy of the low- and the high-field classical ground states in the kagome antiferromagnet. In the low-field regime, the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition into a spin-nematic phase is produced by unbinding of half-quantum vortices.
Magnetic phase diagrams of classical triangular and kagome antiferromagnets.
Gvozdikova, M V; Melchy, P-E; Zhitomirsky, M E
2011-04-27
We investigate the effect of geometrical frustration on the H-T phase diagrams of the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets on triangular and kagome lattices. The phase diagrams for the two models are obtained from large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. For the kagome antiferromagnet, thermal fluctuations are unable to lift degeneracy completely and stabilize translationally disordered multipolar phases. We find a substantial difference in the temperature scales of the order by disorder effect related to different degeneracy of the low- and the high-field classical ground states in the kagome antiferromagnet. In the low-field regime, the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition into a spin-nematic phase is produced by unbinding of half-quantum vortices.
Nunes, Wagner A; de Sousa, J Ricardo; Viana, J Roberto; Richter, J
2010-04-14
The ground state phase diagram of the quantum spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet in the presence of nearest-neighbor (J(1)) and next-nearest-neighbor (J(2)) interactions (J(1)-J(2) model) on a stacked square lattice, where we introduce an interlayer coupling through nearest-neighbor bonds of strength J(), is studied within the framework of the differential operator technique. The Hamiltonian is solved by effective-field theory in a cluster with N=4 spins (EFT-4). We obtain the sublattice magnetization m(A) for the ordered phases: antiferromagnetic (AF) and collinear (CAF-collinear antiferromagnetic). We propose a functional for the free energy Ψ(μ)(m(μ)) (μ=A, B) to obtain the phase diagram in the λ-α plane, where λ=J()/J(1) and α=J(2)/J(1). Depending on the values of λ and α, we found different ordered states (AF and CAF) and a disordered state (quantum paramagnetic (QP)). For an intermediate region α(1c)(λ) α(2c)(λ), and below λ(1), we have the AF and CAF semi-classically ordered states, respectively. At α=α(1c)(λ) a second-order transition between the AF and QP states occurs and at α=α(2c)(λ) a first-order transition between the AF and CAF phases takes place. The boundaries between these ordered phases merge at the critical end point CEP≡(λ(1), α(c)), where α(c)≈0.56. Above this CEP there is again a direct first-order transition between the AF and CAF phases, with a behavior described by the point α(c) independent of λ ≥ λ(1).
Pakhira, Santanu; Mazumdar, Chandan; Ranganathan, R.; Giri, S.; Avdeev, Maxim
2016-09-01
The ternary intermetallic compounds Gd2NiSi3 and Er2NiSi3 are synthesized in chemically single phase, which are characterized using dc magnetization, ac magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, and neutron diffraction studies. Neutron diffraction and heat capacity studies confirm that long-range magnetic ordering coexists with the frustrated glassy magnetic components for both compounds. The static and dynamical features of dc magnetization and frequency-dependent ac susceptibility data reveal that Gd2NiSi3 is a canonical spin-glass system, while Er2NiSi3 is a reentrant spin cluster-glass system. The spin freezing temperature merges with the long-range antiferromagnetic ordering temperature at 16.4 K for Gd2NiSi3 . Er2NiSi3 undergoes antiferromagnetic ordering at 5.4 K, which is slightly above the spin freezing temperature at 3 K. The detailed studies of nonequilibrium dynamical behavior, viz., the memory effect and relaxation behavior using different protocols, suggest that both compounds favor the hierarchical model over the droplet model. A large magnetocaloric effect is observed for both compounds. Maximum values of isothermal entropy change (-Δ SM ) and relative cooling power (RCP) are found to be 18.4 J/kg K and 525 J/kg for Gd2NiSi3 and 22.6 J/kg K and 540 J/kg for Er2NiSi3 , respectively, for a change in field from 0 to 70 kOe. The values of RCP are comparable to those of the promising refrigerant materials. A correlation between large RCP and magnetic frustration is discussed for developing new magnetic refrigerant materials.
Kawasaki, Y; Yashima, M
2003-01-01
We report In-NQR and Co-NMR experiments of CeCoIn sub 5 that undergoes a superconducting transition with a record high T sub c =2.3 K to date among heavy-fermion superconductors. At zero magnetic field, an anomalous temperature (T) dependence of nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T sub 1 of sup 1 sup 1 sup 5 In is explained by the relation 1/T sub 1 propor to T centre dot chi sub Q (T) sup 3 sup / sup 4 based on the anisotropic spin-fluctuations model in case of the proximity to an antiferromagnetic (AFM) quantum critical point (QCP). The novel behavior of 1/T sub 1 - T sup 1 sup / sup 4 over a wide T range of T sub c < T < 40 K arises because the staggered susceptibility almost follows the Curie law chi sub Q (T) propor to 1/(T + theta) with theta=0.6 K and hence 1/T sub 1 propor to T/(T + 0.6) sup 3 sup / sup 4 - T sup 1 sup / sup 4 for theta < T. We highlight that the behavior 1/T sub 1 - T sup 1 sup / sup 4 is due to the proximity to the anisotropic AFM QCP relevant with its layered structure...
Zitterbewegung with spin-orbit coupled ultracold atoms in a fluctuating optical lattice
Argonov, V. Yu; Makarov, D. V.
2016-09-01
The dynamics of non-interacting ultracold atoms with artificial spin-orbit coupling is considered. Spin-orbit coupling is created using two moving optical lattices with orthogonal polarizations. Our main goal is to study influence of lattice noise on Rabi oscillations. Special attention is paid to the phenomenon of the Zitterbewegung being trembling motion caused by Rabi transitions between states with different velocities. Phase and amplitude fluctuations of lattices are modelled by means of the two-dimensional stochastic Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, also known as harmonic noise. In the the noiseless case the problem is solved analytically in terms of the momentum representation. It is shown that lattice noise significantly extends duration of the Zitterbewegung as compared to the noiseless case. This effect originates from noise-induced decoherence of Rabi oscillations.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Utz, Yannic; Hammerath, Franziska; Nishimoto, Satoshi; Drechsler, Stefan-Ludwig; Hess, Christian; Buechner, Bernd; Grafe, Hans-Joachim [IFW Dresden (Germany); Beesetty, Neela Sekhar; Saint-Martin, Romuald; Revcolevschi, Alexandre [SP2M-ICMMO UMR-CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud (France)
2015-07-01
We present {sup 63}Cu NMR measurements on single crystals of Sr{sub 2}CuO{sub 3} doped with different amounts of nickel and compare them to numerical DMRG results. The parent compound contains copper-oxygen chains with S=1/2 on the copper site coupled by a large antiferromagnetic exchange coupling J ∼ 2000 K and is known to be a good realization of the 1D Heisenberg model. The measurements show that replacing only a few of the S=1/2 Cu ions with S=1 Ni has a major impact on the magnetic properties of the spin chain system. An unusual line broadening in the low temperature NMR spectra reveals the existence of an impurity-induced local alternating magnetization (LAM), and exponentially decaying spin-lattice relaxation rates T{sup -1}{sub 1} towards low temperatures indicate the opening of a spin gap similar to Ca-doped Sr{sub 2}CuO{sub 3}. While the T{sup -1}{sub 1} measurements could be explained by pure chain segmentation, as expected for a S=0 impurity, the spectra can only be understood by taking the nickel.
Gálisová, Lucia
2016-11-30
The thermodynamic and magnetocaloric properties of a generalized spin-(1/2, s) Fisher's super-exchange antiferromagnet are investigated precisely by using the decoration-iteration mapping transformation. Besides the critical temperature, sublattice magnetization, total magnetization, entropy and specific heat, the isothermal entropy change and adiabatic temperature change are also rigorously calculated in order to examine the cooling efficiency of the model in the vicinity of the first- and second-order phase transitions. It is shown that an enhanced inverse magnetocaloric effect occurs around the temperature interval [Formula: see text] for any magnetic-field change [Formula: see text]. The most pronounced inverse magnetocaloric effect can be found nearby the critical field, which corresponds to the zero-temperature phase transition from the long-range ordered ground state to the paramagnetic one. The observed phenomenon increases with an increasing value of decorating spins. Furthermore, sufficiently high values of decorating spins have also been linked to the possibility of observing reentrant phase transitions at finite temperatures.
Kumar, Krishna; Changlani, Hitesh J.; Clark, Bryan K.; Fradkin, Eduardo
2016-10-01
We perform an exact-diagonalization study of the spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice at finite magnetization m =2/3 with an emphasis on the X Y point (Jz=0 ) and in the presence of a small chiral term. Recent analytic work by Kumar et al. [K. Kumar, K. Sun, and E. Fradkin, Phys. Rev. B 90, 174409 (2014), 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.174409] on the same model, using a newly developed flux attachment transformation, predicts a plateau at this value of the magnetization described by a chiral spin liquid (CSL) with a spin Hall conductance of σx y=1/2 . Such a state is topological in nature, has a ground-state degeneracy, and exhibits fractional excitations. We analyze the degeneracy structure in the low-energy manifold, identify the candidate topological states, and use them to compute the modular matrices and Chern numbers, all of which strongly agree with expected theoretical behavior for the σx y=1/2 CSL. In the limit of zero chirality, we find on most (not all) clusters that the topological invariants are still those of a CSL.
Huang, Yi-Zhen; Xi, Bin; Chen, Xi; Li, Wei; Wang, Zheng-Chuan; Su, Gang
2016-06-01
The quantum phase transition, scaling behaviors, and thermodynamics in the spin-1/2 quantum Heisenberg model with antiferromagnetic coupling J>0 in the armchair direction and ferromagnetic interaction J^{'}Heisenberg O(3) universality. A zero magnetization plateau is observed in the dimerized phase, whose width decreases with increasing α. A phase diagram in the coupling ratio α-magnetic field h plane is obtained, where four phases, including dimerized, stripe, canted stripe, and polarized, are identified. It is also unveiled that the temperature dependence of the specific heat C(T) for different α's intersects precisely at one point, similar to that of liquid ^{3}He under different pressures and several magnetic compounds under various magnetic fields. The scaling behaviors of Q_{2}, ρ, and C(T) are carefully analyzed. The susceptibility is compared with the experimental data to give the magnetic parameters of both compounds.
Critical spin dynamics of the 2D quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets Sr2CuO2Cl2 and Sr2Cu3O4Cl2.
Kim, Y J; Birgeneau, R J; Chou, F C; Erwin, R W; Kastner, M A
2001-04-02
We report a neutron scattering study of the long-wavelength dynamic spin correlations in the model two-dimensional S = 1/2 square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnets Sr2CuO2Cl2 and Sr2Cu3O4Cl2. The characteristic energy scale, omega(0)(T/J), is determined by measuring the quasielastic peak width in the paramagnetic phase over a wide range of temperature ( 0.2 less similarT/J less similar0.7). The obtained values for omega(0)(T/J) agree quantitatively between the two compounds and also with values deduced from quantum Monte Carlo simulations. The combined data show scaling behavior, omega approximately xi(-z), over the entire temperature range with z = 1.0(1), in agreement with dynamic scaling theory.
Babkevich, P.; Katukuri, Vamshi M.; Fâk, B.; Rols, S.; Fennell, T.; Pajić, D.; Tanaka, H.; Pardini, T.; Singh, R. R. P.; Mitrushchenkov, A.; Yazyev, O. V.; Rønnow, H. M.
2016-12-01
Sr2 CuTeO6 presents an opportunity for exploring low-dimensional magnetism on a square lattice of S =1 /2 Cu2 + ions. We employ ab initio multireference configuration interaction calculations to unravel the Cu2 + electronic structure and to evaluate exchange interactions in Sr2 CuTeO6 . The latter results are validated by inelastic neutron scattering using linear spin-wave theory and series-expansion corrections for quantum effects to extract true coupling parameters. Using this methodology, which is quite general, we demonstrate that Sr2 CuTeO6 is an almost ideal realization of a nearest-neighbor Heisenberg antiferromagnet but with relatively weak coupling of 7.18(5) meV.
Modeling Spin Fluctuations and Magnetic Excitations from Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory
Gorni, Tommaso; Timrov, Iurii; Dal Corso, Andrea; Baroni, Stefano
Harnessing spin fluctuations and magnetic excitations in materials is key in many fields of technology, spanning from memory devices to information transfer and processing, to name but a few. A proper understanding of the interplay between collective and single-particle spin excitations is still lacking, and it is expected that first-principle simulations based on TDDFT may shed light on this interplay, as well as on the role of important effects such as relativistic ones and related magnetic anisotropies. All the numerical approaches proposed so far to tackle this problem are based on the computationally demanding solution of the Sternheimer equations for the response orbitals or the even more demanding solution of coupled Dyson equations for the spin and charge susceptibilities. The Liouville-Lanczos approach to TDDFT has already proven to be a valuable alternative, the most striking of its features being the avoidance of sums over unoccupied single-particle states and the frequency-independence of the main numerical bottleneck. In this work we present an extension of this methodology to magnetic systems and its implementation in the Quantum ESPRESSO distribution, together with a few preliminary results on the magnon dispersions in bulk Fe.
Han, K S; Mean, B J; Lee, K H; Seo, S W; Lee, M H; Lee, W C
2000-01-01
We have prepared Zn- and Ni-substituted YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 (YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 sub - sub x M sub x O sub 7 , M=Zn or Ni, x=0.00 approx 0.09) and performed sup 6 sup 3 sup , sup 6 sup 5 Cu nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements for the plane site at 300 and 100 K. Substitutional effects on the relaxation rates are markedly different. Both the spin-lattice and the spin-spin relaxation rates decrease for Zn-doped YBCO. However, those increase for Ni-doped YBCO. This contrast in local electronic dynamics provides clear microscopic evidence that Zn forms no local moment while Ni develops a local moment. Consequently, the antiferromagnetic spin fluctuation is suppressed by Zn doping whereas it is preserved by Ni doping. This is also confirmed by the ratio of the sup 6 sup 3 sup , sup 6 sup 5 Cu spin-lattice relaxation rates for the plane coppers.
Duan, T. F.; Ren, W. J.; Liu, W.; Zhang, Z. D.
2016-08-01
The magnetic structure of MnSn2 and magnetic phase transitions in this compound have been investigated by magnetic measurements on single crystals. The results show that two antiferromagnetic (AFM) states exist below 325 K and that a transition between these two phases occurs at 74 K. Applying a magnetic field (H) has great influence on the transition temperature. An anomalous magnetization process at low fields occurs when the magnetic field applied along the [110] direction, which is ascribed to the contribution of the basal anisotropy. Based on the data for the magnetization processes and the phase transition of the present single crystal, the H-T phase diagram has been established.
Low-energy spin fluctuations in the non-Fermi-liquid compound YbRh2Si2
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
O. Stockert et al
2007-01-01
Full Text Available We report on inelastic neutron scattering experiments on YbRh2Si2 powder to study the low-energy spin dynamics at temperatures between T=0.8 and 22 K. The low-energy magnetic response is quasielastic. However, it exhibits an unusual form not modelled by a simple relaxation rate yielding a Lorentzian lineshape, but can satisfactorily be described by a phenomenological model involving a distribution of relaxation rates. The lower bound of the relaxation rates varies roughly linear with temperature indicating a pronounced slowing down of the critical modes above the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature TNapprox70 mK.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mizrahi, M., E-mail: mizrahi@fisica.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: cabrera@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [INIFTA-CCT- La Plata-CONICET and Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, C. C. 67, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Cabrera, A. F., E-mail: mizrahi@fisica.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: cabrera@fisica.unlp.edu.ar; Desimoni, J. [IFLP-CCT-La Plata-CONICET and Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas C.C. 67, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Stewart, S. J. [IFLP-CCT-La Plata-CONICET and Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas C.C. 67, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Instituto Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Nacional Arturo Jauretche, Av. Calchaquí No. 6200, Florencio Varela (Argentina)
2014-06-07
We report a magnetic study on nanostructured (Fe{sub 79}Mn{sub 21}){sub 1−x}Cu{sub x} (0.00 ≤ x ≤ 0.30) alloys using static magnetic measurements. The alloys are mainly composed by an antiferromagnetic fcc phase and a disordered region that displays a spin-glass-like behavior. The interplay between the antiferromagnetic and magnetically disordered phases establishes an exchange anisotropy that gives rise to a loop shift at temperatures below the freezing temperature of moments belonging to the disordered region. The loop shift is more noticeable as the Cu content increases, which also enhances the spin-glass-like features. Further, in the x = 0.30 alloy the alignment imposed by applied magnetic fields higher than 4 kOe prevail over the configuration determined by the frustration mechanism that characterizes the spin glass-like phase.
Sera, A.; Kousaka, Y.; Akimitsu, J.; Sera, M.; Kawamata, T.; Koike, Y.; Inoue, K.
2016-12-01
We have performed the detailed investigations of the magnetization of the S =1/2 triangular-lattice antiferromagnets Ba3CoSb2O9 and CsCuCl3 with a 120∘ spin structure in the a b plane. In Ba3CoSb2O9 , the magnetic susceptibility (χ ) exhibits a broad maximum above the Néel temperature (TN) as is expected in the low-dimensional antiferromagnet (AFM). In CsCuCl3, χ exhibits a continuous increase down to TN as if it is the three-dimensional AFM. This is induced by the strong ferromagnetic (FM) interaction along the c axis. The magnetic phase diagrams are also very different. Although the transition field from the umbrella to the 2-1-coplanar phase (Hu -c) for H ∥c is almost independent of temperature in Ba3CoSb2O9 , it shows a considerable decrease with increasing temperature in CsCuCl3. The temperature independent Hu -c in Ba3CoSb2O9 originates from the magnetic anisotropy from the van Vleck contribution, which does not depend so much on the temperature. The temperature dependent Hu -c in CsCuCl3 originates from the magnetic anisotropy from the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction, which decreases with increasing temperature. For H ∥a b , the clear transition from the Y-coplanar to the up-up-down (u u d ) phase was observed in Ba3CoSb2O9 but not in CsCuCl3. While the reentrant behavior of TN originating from the thermal and quantum spin fluctuations is observed in both compounds, it is pronounced in Ba3CoSb2O9 but small in CsCuCl3. These differences originate from the existence or nonexistence of the DM interaction. The DM interaction in CsCuCl3 suppresses those fluctuations in the a b plane, leading to the less pronounced reentrant behavior of TN and the broad crossover in place of the phase transition. We analyzed the anisotropic magnetization of Ba3CoSb2O9 in the paramagnetic region by the mean field calculation. The spin-orbit (SO) coupling, the uniaxial crystalline electric field, and the isotropic exchange interaction were taken into account. We
Pressure dependence of critical temperature of bulk FeSe from spin fluctuation theory
Hirschfeld, Peter; Kreisel, Andreas; Wang, Yan; Tomic, Milan; Jeschke, Harald; Jacko, Anthony; Valenti, Roser; Maier, Thomas; Scalapino, Douglas
2013-03-01
The critical temperature of the 8K superconductor FeSe is extremely sensitive to pressure, rising to a maximum of 40K at about 10GPa. We test the ability of the current generation of fluctuation exchange pairing theories to account for this effect, by downfolding the density functional theory electronic structure for each pressure to a tight binding model. The Fermi surface found in such a procedure is then used with fixed Hubbard parameters to determine the pairing strength using the random phase approximation for the spin singlet pairing vertex. We find that the evolution of the Fermi surface captured by such an approach is alone not sufficient to explain the observed pressure dependence, and discuss alternative approaches. PJH, YW, AK were supported by DOE DE-FG02-05ER46236, the financial support of MT, HJ, and RV from the DFG Schwerpunktprogramm 1458 is kindly acknowledged.
Fluctuation-dissipation relation in a spin glass in the non-stationary regime
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Herisson, D.; Ocio, M
2003-05-01
We present the first experimental determination of the time autocorrelation C(t',t) of magnetization in the non-stationary regime of a spin glass. Quantitative comparison with the corresponding response, the magnetic susceptibility {chi}(t',t), is made possible by the use of a new experimental setup allowing both measurements in the same conditions. Clearly, we observe a non-linear fluctuation-dissipation relation between C and {chi}, depending weakly on the waiting time t'. Following theoretical developments on mean-field models, and lately on short range ones, it is predicted that in the limit of long times, the {chi}(C) relationship should become independent on t'. A scaling procedure allows us to extrapolate to the limit of long waiting times.
Strong charge and spin fluctuations in La2O3Fe2Se2
Jin, Guangxi; Wang, Yilin; Dai, Xi; Ren, Xinguo; He, Lixin
2016-08-01
The electronic structure and magnetic properties of the strongly correlated material La2O3Fe2Se2 are studied by using both the density-functional theory plus U (DFT +U ) method and the DFT plus Gutzwiller (DFT + G) variational method. The ground-state magnetic structure of this material obtained with DFT +U is consistent with recent experiments with an appropriate U parameter, but its band gap is significantly overestimated by DFT +U , even with a small Hubbard U value. In contrast, the DFT + G method yields a band gap of 0.1-0.2 eV, in excellent agreement with experiment. Detailed analysis shows that the electronic and magnetic properties of La2O3Fe2Se2 are strongly affected by charge and spin fluctuations which are missing in the DFT +U method.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ortenzi, Luciano
2013-10-17
In this thesis I study the interplay between magnetism and superconductivity in itinerant magnets and superconductors. I do this by applying a semiphenomenological method to four representative compounds. In particular I use the discrepancies (whenever present) between density functional theory (DFT) calculations and the experiments in order to construct phenomenological models which explain the magnetic, superconducting and optical properties of four representative systems. I focus my attention on the superconducting and normal state properties of the recently discovered APt3P superconductors, on superconducting hole-doped CuBiSO, on the optical properties of LaFePO and finally on the ferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition of Ni3Al under pressure. At the end I present a new method which aims to describe the effect of spin fluctuations in itinerant magnets and superconductors that can be used to monitor the evolution of the electronic structure from non magnetic to magnetic in systems close to a quantum critical point.
Ti3CrCu4: A possible 2-D ferromagnetic spin fluctuating system
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. K. Dhar
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Ti3CrCu4 is a new ternary compound which crystallizes in the tetragonal Ti3Pd5 structure type. The Cr atoms form square nets in the a-b plane (a = 3.124 Å which are separated by an unusually large distance c = 11.228 Å along the tetragonal axis, thus forming a -2-D Cr-sublattice. The paramagnetic susceptibility is characterized by a low effective moment, μeff = 1.1 μB, a low paramagnetic Curie temperature θP (below 7 K and a temperature independent χ0 = 6.7 x 10−4 emu/mol. The magnetization at 1.8 K increases rapidly with field nearly saturating to 0.2 μB/f.u. The zero field heat capacity C/T shows an upturn below 7 K (∼190 mJ/mol K2 at ∼0.1K which is suppressed in applied magnetic fields and interpreted as suggesting the presence of spin fluctuations. The resistivity at low temperatures shows non-Fermi liquid behavior. Overall, the experimental data thus reveal an unusual magnetic state in Ti3CrCu4, which likely has its origin in the layered nature of the Cr sub-lattice and ferromagnetic spin fluctuations. Density functional theoretical calculations reveal a sharp Cr density of states peak just above the Fermi level, indicating the propensity of Ti3CrCu4 to become magnetic.
Spin-current probe for phase transition in an insulator
Qiu, Zhiyong; Li, Jia; Hou, Dazhi; Arenholz, Elke; N'diaye, Alpha T.; Tan, Ali; Uchida, Ken-Ichi; Sato, Koji; Okamoto, Satoshi; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav; Qiu, Z. Q.; Saitoh, Eiji
2016-08-01
Spin fluctuation and transition have always been one of the central topics of magnetism and condensed matter science. Experimentally, the spin fluctuation is found transcribed onto scattering intensity in the neutron-scattering process, which is represented by dynamical magnetic susceptibility and maximized at phase transitions. Importantly, a neutron carries spin without electric charge, and therefore it can bring spin into a sample without being disturbed by electric energy. However, large facilities such as a nuclear reactor are necessary. Here we show that spin pumping, frequently used in nanoscale spintronic devices, provides a desktop microprobe for spin transition; spin current is a flux of spin without an electric charge and its transport reflects spin excitation. We demonstrate detection of antiferromagnetic transition in ultra-thin CoO films via frequency-dependent spin-current transmission measurements, which provides a versatile probe for phase transition in an electric manner in minute devices.
μ SR insight into the impurity problem in quantum kagome antiferromagnets
Gomilšek, M.; Klanjšek, M.; Pregelj, M.; Luetkens, H.; Li, Y.; Zhang, Q. M.; Zorko, A.
2016-07-01
Impurities, which are unavoidable in real materials, may play an important role in the magnetism of frustrated spin systems with a spin-liquid ground state. We address the impurity issue in quantum kagome antiferromagnets by investigating ZnCu3(OH) 6SO4 (Zn-brochantite) by means of muon spin spectroscopy. We show that muons dominantly couple to impurities, originating from Cu-Zn intersite disorder, and that the impurity spins are highly correlated with the kagome spins, allowing us to probe the host kagome physics via a Kondo-like effect. The low-temperature plateau in the impurity susceptibility suggests that the kagome spin-liquid ground state is gapless. The corresponding spin fluctuations exhibit an unconventional spectral density and a nontrivial field dependence.
Huang, Yi-Zhen; Xi, Bin; Chen, Xi; Li, Wei; Wang, Zheng-Chuan; Su, Gang
2016-06-01
The quantum phase transition, scaling behaviors, and thermodynamics in the spin-1/2 quantum Heisenberg model with antiferromagnetic coupling J >0 in the armchair direction and ferromagnetic interaction J'Monte Carlo method. By calculating the Binder ratio Q2 and spin stiffness ρ in two directions for various coupling ratios α =J'/J under different lattice sizes, we found that a quantum phase transition from the dimerized phase to the stripe phase occurs at the quantum critical point αc=-0.93 . Through the finite-size scaling analysis on Q2, ρx, and ρy, we determined the critical exponent related to the correlation length ν to be 0.7212(8), implying that this transition falls into a classical Heisenberg O(3) universality. A zero magnetization plateau is observed in the dimerized phase, whose width decreases with increasing α . A phase diagram in the coupling ratio α -magnetic field h plane is obtained, where four phases, including dimerized, stripe, canted stripe, and polarized, are identified. It is also unveiled that the temperature dependence of the specific heat C (T ) for different α 's intersects precisely at one point, similar to that of liquid 3He under different pressures and several magnetic compounds under various magnetic fields. The scaling behaviors of Q2, ρ , and C (T ) are carefully analyzed. The susceptibility is compared with the experimental data to give the magnetic parameters of both compounds.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pintschovius, Lothar; Endoh, Yasuo; Reznik, Dmitry; Hiraka, H.; Tranquada, John; Reichardt, Winfried; Bourges, Philippe; Sidis, Yvan; Uchiyama, Hiroshi; Masui, T.; Tajima, Setsuko
2004-10-01
Inelastic neutron scattering investigations on optimally doped YBCO revealed a very pronounced temperature dependence of the Cu-O in-plane bond-stretching vibrations along the (0 1 0)-direction: a downward shift of spectral weight with decreasing temperature by at least 10 meV in a narrow range of wave vectors halfway to the zone boundary. The temperature evolution starts around 200 K, well above the superconducting transition temperature. This phonon anomaly provides strong evidence for large electron-phonon coupling. It also indicates an incipient charge density wave instability within the CuO{sub 2} planes reminiscent of dynamical charge stripes. The magnetic fluctuations have been investigated in great detail on the same sample. Incommensurate spin fluctuations have been observed for energies both below and above the energy of the resonance peak at E=41 meV. However, the dispersive nature of these fluctuations as well as their apparent isotropy in the basal plane speak against an interpretation of the spin fluctuation spectrum in the framework of the classical stripe phase picture.
Wan, Yuan; Gingras, Michel J. P.
2016-11-01
We study the pyrochlore Heisenberg antiferromagnet with additional positive biquadratic interaction in the semiclassical limit. The classical ground-state manifold of the model contains an extensively large family of noncoplanar spin states known as "color ice states." Starting from a color ice state, a subset of spins may rotate collectively at no energy cost. Such excitation may be viewed in this three-dimensional system as a "membranelike" analog of the well-known weathervane modes in the classical kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. We investigate the weathervane modes in detail and elucidate their physical properties. Furthermore, we study the order by disorder phenomenon in this model, focusing on the role of harmonic fluctuations. Our computationally limited phase space search suggests that quantum fluctuations select three different states as the magnitude of the biquadratic interaction increases relative to the bilinear interaction, implying a sequence of phase transitions solely driven by fluctuations.
Shimokawa, Tokuro; Watanabe, Ken; Kawamura, Hikaru
2015-10-01
Inspired by the recent theoretical suggestion that the random-bond S =1 /2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the triangular and the kagome lattices might exhibit a randomness-induced quantum spin liquid (QSL) behavior when the strength of the randomness exceeds a critical value, and that this "random-singlet state" might be relevant to the QSL behaviors experimentally observed in triangular organic salts κ -(ET) 2Cu2(CN) 3 and EtMe3Sb [Pd(dmit)2] 2 and in kagome herbertsmithite ZnCu3(OH) 6Cl2 , we further investigate the nature of the static and the dynamical spin correlations of these models. We compute the static and the dynamical spin structure factors, S (q ) and S (q ,ω ) , by means of an exact diagonalization method. In both triangular and kagome models, the computed S (q ,ω ) in the random-singlet state depends on the wave vector q only weakly, robustly exhibiting gapless behaviors accompanied by the broad distribution extending to higher energy ω . Especially in the strongly random kagome model, S (q ,ω ) hardly depends on q , and exhibits an almost flat distribution for a wide range of ω , together with a ω =0 peak. These features agree semiquantitatively with the recent neutron-scattering data on a single-crystal herbertsmithite. Furthermore, the computed magnetization curve agrees almost quantitatively with the experimental one recently measured on a single-crystal herbertsmithite. These results suggest that the QSL state observed in herbertsmithite might indeed be the randomness-induced QSL state, i.e., the random-singlet state.
Hou, Y. S.; Xiang, H. J.; Gong, X. G.
2016-04-01
Based on the density functional theory and model Hamiltonian, we studied the basal-plane antiferromagnetism in the spin-orbit Mott insulator Ba2IrO4. By comparing the magnetic properties of the bulk Ba2IrO4 with those of the single-layer Ba2IrO4, we demonstrate unambiguously that the basal-plane antiferromagnetism is caused by the intralyer magnetic interactions rather than by the previously proposed interlayer ones. Aiming at revealing the origin of the basal-plane antiferromagnetism, we add the single ion anisotropy and pseudo-quadrupole interactions into the general bilinear pseudo-spin Hamiltonian. The obtained magnetic interaction parameters indicate that the single ion anisotropy and pseudo-quadrupole interactions are unexpectedly strong. Systematical Monte Carlo simulations demonstrate that the basal-plane antiferromagnetism is caused by isotropic Heisenberg, bond-dependent Kitaev and pseudo-quadrupole interactions. On the basis of this study the single ion anisotropy and pseudo-quadrupole interactions could play a role in explaining magnetic interactions in other iridates.
Itinerant antiferromagnetism in the Mott compound V1.973O3
Bao, Wei; Broholm, C.; Honig, J. M.; Metcalf, P.; Trevino, S. F.
1996-08-01
The doping-induced metallic state of the Mott system V2-yO3 has spin-density-wave order for T
Thermoinduced magnetization in nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mørup, Steen; Frandsen, Cathrine
2004-01-01
We show that there is a thermoinduced contribution to the magnetic moment of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials. It arises from thermal excitations of the uniform spin-precession mode, and it has the unusual property that its magnitude increases with increasing temperature. This has...... the consequence that antiferromagnetism is nonexistent in nanoparticles at finite temperatures and it explains magnetic anomalies, which recently have been reported in a number of studies of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials....
An hour-glass magnetic spectrum in an insulating, hole-doped antiferromagnet.
Boothroyd, A T; Babkevich, P; Prabhakaran, D; Freeman, P G
2011-03-17
Superconductivity in layered copper oxide compounds emerges when charge carriers are added to antiferromagnetically ordered CuO(2) layers. The carriers destroy the antiferromagnetic order, but strong spin fluctuations persist throughout the superconducting phase and are intimately linked to superconductivity. Neutron scattering measurements of spin fluctuations in hole-doped copper oxides have revealed an unusual 'hour-glass' feature in the momentum-resolved magnetic spectrum that is present in a wide range of superconducting and non-superconducting materials. There is no widely accepted explanation for this feature. One possibility is that it derives from a pattern of alternating spin and charge stripes, and this idea is supported by measurements on stripe-ordered La(1.875)Ba(0.125)CuO(4) (ref. 15). Many copper oxides without stripe order, however, also exhibit an hour-glass spectrum. Here we report the observation of an hour-glass magnetic spectrum in a hole-doped antiferromagnet from outside the family of superconducting copper oxides. Our system has stripe correlations and is an insulator, which means that its magnetic dynamics can conclusively be ascribed to stripes. The results provide compelling evidence that the hour-glass spectrum in the copper oxide superconductors arises from fluctuating stripes.
Brackett, Jeremy; Newman, Joseph; De Silva, Theja N.
2016-10-01
We study an effective fermion model on a square lattice to investigate the cooperation and competition of superconductivity and anti-ferromagnetism. In addition to particle tunneling and on-site interaction, a bosonic excitation mediated attractive interaction is also included in the model. We assume that the attractive interaction is mediated by spin fluctuations and excitations of Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) in electronic systems and Bose-Fermi mixtures on optical lattices, respectively. Using an effective mean-field theory to treat both superconductivity and anti-ferromagnetism at equal footing, we study a single effective model relevant for both systems within the Landau energy functional approach and a linearized theory. Within our approaches, we find possible co-existence of superconductivity and anti-ferromagnetism for both electronic and cold-atomic models. Our linearized theory shows while spin fluctuations favor d-wave superconductivity and BEC excitations favor s-wave superconductivity.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
谭明秋; 陶向明
2001-01-01
We report on a self-consistent full-potential linear muffin tin orbital band-structure calculation for the heavy fermion (HF) compound LiV2O4. It is found that a stable local spin density approximation solution for LiV2O4 is lower in total energy than the local density approximation calculation. We speculate that the mechanism responsible for HF properties in LiV2O4 might be of spin fluctuation type and is different from the Kondo mechanism in conventional 4f and 5f HF compounds.
The robustness of the quantum spin Hall effect to the thickness fluctuation in HgTe quantum wells
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Guo Huai-Ming; Zhang Xiang-Lin; Feng Shi-Ping
2012-01-01
The quantum spin Hall effect (QSHE) was first realized in HgTe quantum wells (QWs),which remain the only known two-dimensional topological insulator so far.In this paper,we have systematically studied the effect of the thickness fluctuation of HgTe QWs on the QSHE.We start with the case of constant mass with random distributions,and reveal that the disordered system can be well described by a virtual uniform QW with an effective mass when the number of components is small.When the number is infinite and corresponds to the real fluctuation,we find that the QSHE is not only robust,but also can be generated by relatively strong fluctuation.Our results imply that the thickness fluctuation does not cause backscattering,and the QSHE is robust to it.
Golub, Robert
2014-01-01
The usual approach to considerations of apin relaxation and frequency shifts due to fluctuating fields is through the density matrix Slichter. Here we treat the problem of the influence of fluctuating fields on a spin 1/2 system based on direct solution of the Schroedinger equation in contrast to the usual treatment. Our results are seen to be in agreement with the known results in the literature McGregor, Slichter, Red2, CSH, as they must, but our derivation directly from the Schroedinger equation allows us to see the role of the necessary assumptions in a somewhat clearer way.
Capponi, Sylvain
2017-01-01
We present numerical evidence that the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the two-dimensional checkerboard lattice exhibits several magnetization plateaus for m =0 , 1 /4 , 1 /2 , and 3 /4 , where m is the magnetization normalized by its saturation value. These incompressible states correspond to somewhat similar valence-bond crystal phases that break lattice symmetries, though they are different from the already established plaquette phase for m =0 . Our results are based on exact diagonalization as well as density-matrix renormalization-group large-scale simulations and interpreted in terms of simple parameter-free trial wave functions.
Classical evolution of quantum fluctuations in spin-like systems: squeezing and entanglement
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klimov, A B [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Guadalajara, Revolucion 1500, 44410, Guadalajara, Jalisco (Mexico); Espinoza, P [Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad de Guadalajara, Enrique Diaz de Leon 1, 47460, Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco (Mexico)
2005-06-01
It is shown that the quantum dynamics of spin coherent states governed by quadratic spin-like Hamiltonians, in the large spin limit, is well described in terms of evolution along classical trajectories on the two-dimensional sphere. Two non-linear effects: (a) spin squeezing and (b) spin entanglement are analysed using the Wigner function approach in the quasiclassical limit and numerically compared with the exact solution.
Clark, L; Orain, J C; Bert, F; De Vries, M A; Aidoudi, F H; Morris, R E; Lightfoot, P; Lord, J S; Telling, M T F; Bonville, P; Attfield, J P; Mendels, P; Harrison, A
2013-05-17
The vanadium oxyfluoride [NH(4)](2)[C(7)H(14)N][V(7)O(6)F(18)] (DQVOF) is a geometrically frustrated magnetic bilayer material. The structure consists of S = 1/2 kagome planes of V(4+) d(1) ions with S = 1 V(3+) d(2) ions located between the kagome layers. Muon spin relaxation measurements demonstrate the absence of spin freezing down to 40 mK despite an energy scale of 60 K for antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. From magnetization and heat capacity measurements we conclude that the S = 1 spins of the interplane V(3+) ions are weakly coupled to the kagome layers, such that DQVOF can be viewed as an experimental model for S = 1/2 kagome physics, and that it displays a gapless spin liquid ground state.
Spin valves based on Mn{sub 75}Ir{sub 25} antiferromagnet with controllable functional parameters
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Milyaev, M. A., E-mail: milyaev@imp.uran.ru; Naumova, L. I.; Kamenskii, I. Yu.; Ustinov, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch (Russian Federation)
2015-12-15
Using the example of spin valves of the Ta(50 Å)/Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}(30 Å)/Co{sub 90}Fe{sub 10}(15 Å)/Cu(28 Å)/Co{sub 90}Fe{sub 10}(20 Å)/Mn{sub 75}Ir{sub 25}(50 Å)/Ta(20 Å) composition, factors controlling the hysteresis properties are studied for the case of macro- and microscopic sizes of an experimental sample. It is shown that a linear change in the magnetoresistance with small hysteresis while retaining the giant magnetoresistance effect at a level of 8% can be obtained in a micro-object (meander) using thermomagnetic treatment.
Metallic magnets without inversion symmetry and antiferromagnetic quantum critical points
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fischer, I.A.
2006-07-01
studied how the interplay of precession and damping affects various thermodynamic and transport quantities. We found that the susceptibility {chi}={delta}M/{delta}B is the thermodynamic quantity which shows the most significant change upon approaching the quantum critical point and which gives experimental access to the (dangerously irrelevant) spin-spin interactions. Finally, we studied the quantum critical behaviour of two-dimensional antiferromagnetic metals. Going beyond an order parameter theory, we included the electronic quasiparticles as well as the fluctuating magnetization in a functional Renormalization Group calculation. Preliminary results indicate a divergence in the fRG-equations already at a finite distance from the quantum critical point. this is incompatible with the Hertz-Millis picture. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cui, J.; Wiecki, P.; Ran, S.; Bud' ko, S. L.; Canfield, P. C.; Furukawa, Y.
2016-11-22
Recent nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements revealed the coexistence of stripe-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) and ferromagnetic (FM) spin correlations in both the hole- and electron-doped BaFe _{2} As _{2} families of iron-pnictide superconductors by a Korringa ratio analysis. Motivated by the NMR work, we investigate the possible existence of FM fluctuations in another iron-pnictide superconducting family, Ca ( Fe _{1 - x }Co _{x} ) _{2} As _{2} . We reanalyzed our previously reported data in terms of the Korringa ratio and found clear evidence for the coexistence of stripe-type AFM and FM spin correlations in the electron-doped CaFe _{2} As _{2} system. These NMR data indicate that FM fluctuations exist in general in iron-pnictide superconducting families and thus must be included to capture the phenomenology of the iron pnictides.
Quantum selection of order in an XXZ antiferromagnet on a Kagome lattice.
Chernyshev, A L; Zhitomirsky, M E
2014-12-05
Selection of the ground state of the kagome-lattice XXZ antiferromagnet by quantum fluctuations is investigated by combining nonlinear spin-wave and real-space perturbation theories. The two methods unanimously favor q=0 over sqrt[3]×sqrt[3] magnetic order in a wide range of the anisotropy parameter 0≤Δ≲0.72. Both approaches are also in accord on the magnitude of the quantum order-by-disorder effect generated by topologically nontrivial, looplike spin-flip processes. A tentative S-Δ phase diagram of the model is proposed.
On the spin origin of heavy fermions in rare earth intermetallides
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kikoin, K.A. [RRC Kurchatov Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation); Kiselev, M.N. [RRC Kurchatov Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation); Mishchenko, A.S. [RRC Kurchatov Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation)
1995-02-01
Microscopic arguments are presented in favor of a spin nature of the heavy fermions in Kondo lattices with nearly integer valence of the f-elections. It is shown that the competition between the Kondo scattering and the indirect exchange interaction can result in stabilization of a spin-liquid state with a Fermi-type spectrum both for neutral spin and charged electron excitations. The origin of strong antiferromagnetic fluctuations is briefly discussed. ((orig.)).
Thermophoresis of an antiferromagnetic soliton
Kim, Se Kwon; Tchernyshyov, Oleg; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav
2015-07-01
We study the dynamics of an antiferromagnetic soliton under a temperature gradient. To this end, we start by phenomenologically constructing the stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation for an antiferromagnet with the aid of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We then derive the Langevin equation for the soliton's center of mass by the collective coordinate approach. An antiferromagentic soliton behaves as a classical massive particle immersed in a viscous medium. By considering a thermodynamic ensemble of solitons, we obtain the Fokker-Planck equation, from which we extract the average drift velocity of a soliton. The diffusion coefficient is inversely proportional to a small damping constant α , which can yield a drift velocity of tens of m/s under a temperature gradient of 1 K/mm for a domain wall in an easy-axis antiferromagnetic wire with α ˜10-4 .
Effects of impurities and vortices on the low-energy spin excitations in high-T_{c} materials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Brian Møller; Graser, S.; Schmid, M.
2011-01-01
We review a theoretical scenario for the origin of the spin-glass phase of underdoped cuprate materials. In particular it is shown how disorder in a correlated d-wave superconductor generates a magnetic phase by inducing local droplets of antiferromagnetic order which eventually merge and form a ...... disorder and/or applied magnetic fields lead to a slowing down of the dynamical spin fluctuations in agreement with neutron scattering and muon spin rotation (mSR) experiments....
Kang, Jian; Fernandes, Rafael M.
2016-11-01
The origin of the high-temperature superconducting state observed in FeSe thin films, whose phase diagram displays no sign of magnetic order, remains a hotly debated topic. Here we investigate whether fluctuations arising due to the proximity to a nematic phase, which is observed in the phase diagram of this material, can promote superconductivity. We find that nematic fluctuations alone promote a highly degenerate pairing state, in which both s -wave and d -wave symmetries are equally favored, and Tc is consequently suppressed. However, the presence of a sizable spin-orbit coupling or inversion symmetry breaking at the film interface lifts this harmful degeneracy and selects the s -wave state, in agreement with recent experimental proposals. The resulting gap function displays a weak anisotropy, which agrees with experiments in monolayer FeSe and intercalated Li1 -x(OH )xFeSe .
Yang, J.; Tang, Z. T.; Cao, G. H.; Zheng, Guo-qing
2015-10-01
We report 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) studies on the superconductor Rb2Cr3As3 with a quasi-one-dimensional crystal structure. Below T ˜100 K , the spin-lattice relaxation rate (1 /T1 ) divided by temperature, 1 /T1T , increases upon cooling down to Tc=4.8 K , showing a Curie-Weiss-like temperature dependence. The Knight shift also increases with decreasing temperature. These results suggest ferromagnetic spin fluctuation. In the superconducting state, 1 /T1 decreases rapidly below Tc without a Hebel-Slichter peak, and follows a T5 variation below T ˜3 K , which points to unconventional superconductivity with point nodes in the gap function.
Thermal effects on quantum communication through spin chains
Bayat, A; Bayat, Abolfazl; Karimipour, Vahid
2004-01-01
We study the effect of thermal fluctuations in a recently proposed protocol for transmission of unknown quantum states through quantum spin chains. We develop a low temperature expansion for general spin chains. We then apply this formalism to study exactly thermal effects on short spin chains of four spins. We show that optimal times for extraction of output states are almost independent of the temperature which lowers only the fidelity of the channel. Moreover we show that thermal effects are smaller in the anti-ferromagnetic chains than the ferromagnetic ones.
Fractional excitations in the square-lattice quantum antiferromagnet
Dalla Piazza, B.; Mourigal, M.; Christensen, N. B.; Nilsen, G. J.; Tregenna-Piggott, P.; Perring, T. G.; Enderle, M.; McMorrow, D. F.; Ivanov, D. A.; Rønnow, H. M.
2015-01-01
Quantum magnets have occupied the fertile ground between many-body theory and low-temperature experiments on real materials since the early days of quantum mechanics. However, our understanding of even deceptively simple systems of interacting spin-1/2 particles is far from complete. The quantum square-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet, for example, exhibits a striking anomaly of hitherto unknown origin in its magnetic excitation spectrum. This quantum effect manifests itself for excitations propagating with the specific wavevector (π, 0). We use polarized neutron spectroscopy to fully characterize the magnetic fluctuations in the metal-organic compound Cu(DCOO)2.4D2O, a known realization of the quantum square-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet model. Our experiments reveal an isotropic excitation continuum at the anomaly, which we analyse theoretically using Gutzwiller-projected trial wavefunctions. The excitation continuum is accounted for by the existence of spatially extended pairs of fractional S = 1/2 quasiparticles, 2D analogues of 1D spinons. Away from the anomalous wavevector, these fractional excitations are bound and form conventional magnons. Our results establish the existence of fractional quasiparticles in the high-energy spectrum of a quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet, even in the absence of frustration.
NMR study of pyrochlore lattice antiferromagnet, melanothallite Cu2OCl2
Nishiyama, Masahide; Oyamada, Akira; Itou, Tetsuaki; Maegawa, Satoru; Okabe, Hirotaka; Akimitsu, Jun
2011-09-01
The melanothallite Cu2OCl2 is a new example of pyrochlore-like antiferromagnet, which is composed of 3d transition metal electrons. We performed Cu- and Cl-NMR experiments on powder samples of Cu2OCl2 below transition temperature TN = 70 K and we observed six resonant peaks of Cu nuclei, which are composed of three symmetric peaks corresponding to 63Cu and three corresponding to 65Cu. The Cu nuclei feel the strong hyperfine fields because of ordered magnetic moments and the electric field gradients. We determined the spin structure by analyzing the Cu-NMR spectra. The melanothallite has an all-in-all-out spin structure. The spin lattice relaxation rates T1-1 of Cu- and Cl-NMR in the ordered phase are proportional to the temperature; This suggests that although long-range ordering occurs at rather high temperature, the large spin fluctuations caused by the geometrical frustration still remain.
Correlation driven charge and spin fluctuations in LaCoO{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Karolak, Michael [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Wuerzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Wuerzburg (Germany); Izquierdo, Manuel [European XFEL GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 19, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); Synchrotron Soleil, L' Orme des Merisiers St-Aubin, BP-48, 91192, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hamburg, Jungiusstrasse 9, 20355 Hamburg (Germany); Molodtsov, Serguei L. [European XFEL GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 19, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); Institute of Experimental Physics, Technische Universitaet Bergakademie Freiberg, 09599 Freiberg (Germany); ITMO University, Kronverkskiy pr. 49, 197101 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Lichtenstein, Alexander I. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hamburg, Jungiusstrasse 9, 20355 Hamburg (Germany)
2015-07-01
The spin transition in LaCoO{sub 3} has been investigated within the DFT+DMFT formalism using continuous time quantum Monte Carlo. Calculations on the experimental rhombohedral atomic structure with two Co sites per unit cell show that an independent treatment of the Co atoms results in a ground state with charge imbalance induced by electronic correlations. Each atom shows a contribution from either a d{sup 5} or a d{sup 7} state in addition to the main d{sup 6} state. These charged states play a relevant role in the spin transition which can be understood as a low spin-high spin (LS-HS) transition with significant contributions (∝ 10%) to the LS and HS states of d{sup 5} and d{sup 7} states. A thermodynamic analysis reveals that the introduction of charge imbalance significantly lowers the total energy of the system.
Entanglement and Extreme Spin Squeezing for a Fluctuating Number of Indistinguishable Particles
Hyllus, Philipp; Smerzi, Augusto; Toth, Geza
2012-01-01
We extend the criteria for $k$-particle entanglement from the spin squeezing parameter presented in [A.S. S{\\o}rensen and K. M{\\o}lmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 86}, 4431 (2001)] to systems with a fluctating number of particles. We also discuss how other spin squeezing inequalities can be generalized to this situation. Further, we give an operational meaning to the bounds for cases where the individual particles cannot be addressed. As a by-product, this allows us to show that in spin squeezing experiments with cold gases the particles are typically distinguishable in practise. Our results justify the application of the S{\\o}rensen-M{\\o}lmer bounds in recent experiments on spin squeezing in Bose-Einstein condensates.
Ito, Miho; Uehara, Tomotaka; Taniguchi, Hiromi; Satoh, Kazuhiko; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Watanabe, Isao
2015-05-01
The zero-field magnetism of a two-dimensional noncollinear antiferromagnet, κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl, has been investigated by magnetization and zero-field muon spin rotation (μSR) measurements. Low-field magnetization measurements enabled us to determine the magnetic transition temperature TN as 22.80 ± 0.02 K. Distinct muon spin precession signals appeared below 21.4 K. μSR spectra below 21.4 K were well described by two types of precession components and a relaxation one. The temperature dependence of internal field converted by μSR data was in good agreement with that of macroscopic residual magnetism. These results suggest that the tiny interlayer interaction, which has been suggested to be almost 106 times less than the intralayer exchange interaction, spontaneously causes the three-dimensional long-range order.
Povzner, A. A.; Volkov, A. G.; Nogovitsyna, T. A.
2017-02-01
The influence of spin fluctuations on the thermodynamic properties of a helical ferromagnet MnSi has been investigated in the framework of the Hubbard model with the electronic spectrum determined from the first-principles LDA + U + SO calculation, which is extended taking into account the Hund coupling and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya antisymmetric exchange. It has been shown that the ground state of the magnetic material is characterized by large zero-point fluctuations, which disappear at the temperature T* (< T c is the temperature of the magnetic phase transition). In this case, the entropy abruptly increases, and a lambdashaped anomaly appears in the temperature dependence of the heat capacity at constant volume ( C V ( T)). In the temperature range T* < T < T c , thermal fluctuations lead to the disappearance of the inhomogeneous magnetization. The competition between the increase in the entropy due to paramagnon excitations and its decrease as a result of the reduction in the amplitude of local magnetic moments, under the conditions of strong Hund exchange, is responsible for in the appearance of a "shoulder" in the dependence C V ( T)).
Matsuno, Genki; Kobayashi, Akito
2017-01-01
The nontrivial properties of interband spin fluctuations are studied by the random phase approximation in a Hubbard model describing the molecular conductor α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3, where wave functions are based on the four sublattices named A, A', B, and C in a two-dimensional BEDT-TTF molecular plane. It is found that the ferrimagnetic polarization observed by a recent NMR measurement emerges only if there exist cross terms among intra- and inter-band irreducible susceptibility matrix elements in the presence of the on-site Coulomb interaction U. It is also found that the nontrivial sign of the interband components of the spin susceptibility, being negative only for the B sublattice, is closely related to the characteristic phase structure of wave functions in the Dirac fermion system with multisublattices. The negative value of the spin susceptibility on the B sublattice observed in the experiment is associated with this negative interband susceptibility, which comes from the excitations in the gentle-slope region of the energy dispersion connecting the Dirac points with saddle points in the first Brillouin zone.
Li, Hai-Feng
2016-10-01
Understanding the nature of all possible ground states and especially magnetic-field-driven phase transitions of antiferromagnets represents a major step towards unravelling the real nature of interesting phenomena such as superconductivity, multiferroicity or magnetoresistance in condensed-matter science. Here a consistent mean-field calculation endowed with antiferromagnetic (AFM) exchange interaction (J), easy axis anisotropy (γ), uniaxial single-ion anisotropy (D) and Zeeman coupling to a magnetic field parallel to the AFM easy axis consistently unifies the AFM state, spin-flop (SFO) and spin-flip transitions. We reveal some mathematically allowed exotic spin states and fluctuations depending on the relative coupling strength of (J, γ and D). We build the three-dimensional (J, γ and D) and two-dimensional (γ and D) phase diagrams clearly displaying the equilibrium phase conditions and discuss the origins of various magnetic states as well as their transitions in different couplings. Besides the traditional first-order type one, we unambiguously confirm an existence of a second-order type SFO transition. This study provides an integrated theoretical model for the magnetic states of collinear antiferromagnets with two interpenetrating sublattices and offers a practical approach as an alternative to the estimation of magnetic exchange parameters (J, γ and D), and the results may shed light on nontrivial magnetism-related properties of bulks, thin films and nanostructures of correlated electron systems.
Quantum Entanglement in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets
Subramanian, V
2004-01-01
Entanglement sharing among pairs of spins in Heisenberg antiferromagnets is investigated using the concurrence measure. For a nondegenerate S=0 ground state, a simple formula relates the concurrence to the diagonal correlation function. The concurrence length is seen to be extremely short. A few finite clusters are studied numerically, to see the trend in higher dimensions. It is argued that nearest-neighbour concurrence is zero for triangular and Kagome lattices. The concurrences in the maximal-spin states are explicitly calculated, where the concurrence averaged over all pairs is larger than the S=0 states.
Magnetic fluctuations and correlations in MnSi: Evidence for a chiral skyrmion spin liquid phase
Pappas, C.; Lelièvre-Berna, E.; Bentley, P.; Falus, P.; Fouquet, P.; Farago, B.
2011-01-01
We present a comprehensive analysis of high-resolution neutron scattering data involving neutron spin echo spectroscopy and spherical polarimetry, which confirm the first-order nature of the helical transition in MnSi. The experiments reveal the existence of a totally chiral dynamic phase in a very
Mei, Jia-Wei; Soluyanov, Alexey A.; Rice, T. M.
2014-04-01
Generally strong charge and magnetic inhomogeneities are observed in NQR/NMR experiments on underdoped cuprates. It is not the case for the underdoped HgBa2CuO4+δ, the most symmetric and highest Tc single layer cuprate, whose magnetic inhomogeneity is strongly suppressed. Also neutron scattering experiments reveal a unique pair of weakly dispersive magnetic modes in this material. We propose that these special properties stem from the symmetric positioning of the O dopants between adjacent CuO2 layers that lead to a strong superexchange interaction between a pair of hole spins. In this Rapid Communication we present a theoretical model, which gives a consistent explanation to the anomalous magnetic properties of this material.
Bhattacharjee, Suraka; Chaudhury, Ranjan
2016-11-01
The generalized spin stiffness constant for a doped quantum antiferromagnet has been investigated both analytically and numerically as a function of doping concentration at zero temperature, based on the strongly correlated t-J model on two-dimensional square lattice. The nature of the theoretical dependence of the stiffness constant on doping shows a striking similarity with that of the effective exchange constant, obtained from the combination of other theoretical and experimental techniques in the low doping region. This correspondence once again establishes that spin stiffness can very well play the role of an effective exchange constant even in the strongly correlated semi-itinerant systems. Our theoretical plot of the stiffness constant against doping concentration in the whole doping region exhibits the various characteristic features like a possible crossover in the higher doping regions and persistence of short range ordering even for very high doping with the complete vanishing of spin stiffness occurring only close to 100% doping. Our results receive very good support from various other theoretical approaches and also brings out a few limitations of some of them. Our detailed analysis highlights the crucial importance of the study of spin stiffness for the proper understanding of magnetic correlations in a semi-itinerant magnetic system described by the strongly correlated t-J model. Moreover, our basic formalism can also be utilized for determination of the effective exchange constant and magnetic correlations for itinerant magnetic systems, in general in a novel way.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Amari, S., E-mail: siham_amari@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire de Modelisation et de Simulation en Sciences des Materiaux, Departement de Physique Universite Djillali Liabes, Sidi Bel-Abbes (Algeria); Mecabih, S.; Abbar, B.; Bouhafs, B. [Laboratoire de Modelisation et de Simulation en Sciences des Materiaux, Departement de Physique Universite Djillali Liabes, Sidi Bel-Abbes (Algeria)
2012-09-15
In this work, we aim to examine the spin-polarized electronic band structures, the local densities of states as well as the magnetism of Zn{sub 1-x}TM{sub x}Se (TM=Cr, Fe, Co and Ni) diluted magnetic semiconductors in the ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) phases, and with 25% of TM. The calculations are performed by the developed full-potential augmented plane wave plus local orbitals method within the spin density functional theory. As exchange-correlation potential we used the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) form. We treated the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases and we found that all compounds are stable in the ferromagnetic structure. Structural properties are computed after total energy minimization. Our results show that the cohesive energies of Zn{sub 0.75}TM{sub 0.25}Se are greater than that of zinc blende ZnSe. We discuss the electronic structures, total and partial densities of states, local moments and the p-d exchange splitting. Furthermore, we found that p-d hybridization reduces the local magnetic moment of TM and produces small local magnetic moments on the nonmagnetic Zn and Se sites. We found also that in the AFM phase the TM local magnetic moments are smaller than in the FM phase; this is due to the greater interaction of the TM d-up and d-down orbitals. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The calculation of the exchange constants of ZnTMSe (TM=Cr, Fe, Co and Ni). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Prediction of the spin-exchange splitting of ZnTMSe (TM=Cr, Fe, Co and Ni). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The study of ZnTMSe diluted magnetic semiconductors in the FM and AFM phases.
Quantum phase transitions in the Heisenberg J1-J2 triangular antiferromagnet in a magnetic field
Ye, Mengxing; Chubukov, Andrey V.
2017-01-01
We present the zero-temperature phase diagram of a Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a frustrated triangular lattice with nearest-neighbor (J1) and next-nearest-neighbor (J2) interactions, in a magnetic field. We show that the classical model has an accidental degeneracy for all J2/J1 and all fields, but the degeneracy is lifted by quantum fluctuations. We show that at large spin S , for J2/J11 , the transition remains first order, with a finite hysteresis width, but for S =1 /2 and, possibly, S =1 , there appears a new intermediate phase without a quasiclassical long-range order.
Large off-diagonal magnetoelectric coupling in the quantum paraelectric antiferromagnet EuTiO3
Shvartsman, V. V.; Borisov, P.; Kleemann, W.; Kamba, S.; Katsufuji, T.
2010-02-01
The third-order E2H2 -type magnetoelectric (ME) response of polycrystalline EuTiO3 changes sign under magnetic bias and shows a large anomaly at the antiferromagnetic (AF)-paramagnetic phase boundary below TN≈5.3K . It is attributed to critical fluctuations of the AF order parameter reinforced by quantum paraelectric polar correlations. The underlying biquadratic spin-lattice coupling involves electric field induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction as described within mean-field approximation. Single domaining by ME annealing (or cooling) significantly enhances the response by additional EH and EH2 effects.
Quantum phase transition of the randomly diluted heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice
Kato; Todo; Harada; Kawashima; Miyashita; Takayama
2000-05-01
Ground-state magnetic properties of the diluted Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice are investigated by means of the quantum Monte Carlo method with the continuous-time loop algorithm. It is found that the critical concentration of magnetic sites is independent of the spin size S, and equal to the two-dimensional percolation threshold. However, the existence of quantum fluctuations makes the critical exponents deviate from those of the classical percolation transition. Furthermore, we found that the transition is not universal, i.e., the critical exponents significantly depend on S.
Orbital degeneracy removed by charge order in triangular antiferromagnet AgNiO2
Wawrzynska, E.; Coldea, R.; Wheeler, E M; Mazin, I. I.; Johannes, M. D.; Sorgel, T.; Jansen, M; Ibberson, R. M.; Radaelli, P. G.
2007-01-01
We report a high-resolution neutron diffraction study on the orbitally-degenerate spin-1/2 hexagonal antiferromagnet AgNiO2. A structural transition to a tripled unit cell with expanded and contracted NiO6 octahedra indicates root(3) x root(3) charge order on the Ni triangular lattice. This suggests charge order as a possible mechanism of lifting the orbital degeneracy in the presence of charge fluctuations, as an alternative to Jahn-Teller distortions. A novel magnetic ground state is observ...
Dynamic zero modes of Dirac fermions and competing singlet phases of antiferromagnetic order
Goswami, Pallab
2016-01-01
In quantum spin systems, singlet phases often develop in the vicinity of an antiferromagnetic order. Typical settings for such problems arise when itinerant fermions are also present. In this work, we develop a theoretical framework for addressing such competing orders in an itinerant system, described by Dirac fermions strongly coupled to an O(3) nonlinear sigma model. We focus on two spatial dimensions, where upon disordering the antiferromagnetic order by quantum fluctuations the singular tunneling events also known as (anti)hedgehogs can nucleate competing singlet orders in the paramagnetic phase. In the presence of an isolated hedgehog configuration of the nonlinear sigma model field, we show that the fermion determinant vanishes as the dynamic Euclidean Dirac operator supports fermion zero modes of definite chirality. This provides a topological mechanism for suppressing the tunneling events. Using the methodology of quantum chromodynamics, we evaluate the fermion determinant in the close proximity of m...
Onufrieva, F.
2017-03-01
The paper is motivated by the observation of unusual and not well understood spin dynamics in low- and moderately doped high-Tc cuprates as well as by the discovery in these materials of a static incommensurate order for doping exceeding the insulator-metal boundary in the phase diagram. We develop a microscopic approach that allows us to treat accurately the quantum fluctuations in the spiral state developing upon doping the Mott-Neel insulator. We show that the spiral order of localized spins induces an off-diagonal order of mobile charges and a gap Δ ∝|Q | in their spectrum (Q is the spiral incommensurability wave vector defined with respect to QAF). Due to the dynamic spin-charge interaction the latter gap produces a feedback effect consisting in the appearence of a gap in the coherent spin excitation spectrum. As a result, the characteristic energy ωc=Δ appears, in the spin excitation spectra. It separates two components with qualitatively different behavior-above ωc, spin excitations are magnonlike and have an upward dispersion, below it, they are of the relaxation type and have a slight downward dispersion. The form of the dispersion is close to the form observed experimentally (by inelastic neutron scattering), which can be characterized as OPEN-hour-glass shaped or Y -shaped. There is no qualitative difference between the spin dynamics in the normal and SC states as far as doping is relatively low. There is no resonance. Other important features, including the incommensurability and uniaxial anisotropy of the low-energy spin excitations and the doping dependencies of the characteristic energy and wave vectors, are also close to those observed experimentally in low-doped cuprates. We show that the static spiral state becomes unstable at the critical doping nc. We show also that adopting the hypothesis about the presence of finite-energy spiral correlations in the paramagnetic state above nc and based on the results obtained for the static spiral state
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xuanze Chen[2; Zhiping zeng[2; Hening Wang[1; Peng Xi[1
2015-01-01
Three-dimensional imaging cannot be achieved easily using previously developed localization super-resolution techniques. Here, we present a three-dimensional multimodal sub-diffraction imaging technique with spinning-disk （SD） confocal microscopy called 3D-MUSIC, which not only has all the advantages of SD confocal microscopy such as fast imaging speed, high signal-to-noise ratio, and optical-sectioning capability, but also extends its spatial resolution limit along all three dimensions. Both axial and lateral resolution can be improved simul- taneously by virtue of the blinking/fluctuating nature of modified fluorescent probes, exemplified with the quantum dots. Further, super-resolution images with dual modality can be obtained through super-resolution optical fluctuation imaging （SOFI） and bleaching/blinking-assisted localization microscopy （BALM）. Therefore, fast super-resolution imaging can be achieved with SD-SOFI by capturing only 100 frames while SD-BaLM yields high-resolution imaging.
Disappearance of Static Magnetic Order and Evolution of Spin Fluctuations in Fe1+ SexTe1−x
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Xu, G.; Xu, Z.; Wen, J.; Jie, Q.; Lin, Z.; Li, Q.; Chi, S.; Singh, D.K.; Gu, G.; Tranquada, J.M.
2010-09-29
We report neutron-scattering studies on static magnetic orders and spin excitations in the Fe-based chalcogenide system Fe{sub 1+{delta}}Se{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} with different Fe and Se compositions. Short-range static magnetic order with an in-plane wave vector near the (0.5,0) (using the two-Fe unit cell), together with strong low-energy magnetic excitations is found in all nonsuperconducting samples for Se doping up to 45%. When the static order disappears and bulk superconductivity emerges, the spectral weight of the magnetic excitations shifts to the region of reciprocal space near the in-plane wave vector (0.5, 0.5), corresponding to 'collinear' spin correlations. Our results suggest that there is a strong correlation between superconductivity and the character of the magnetic order/fluctuations in this system. Excess Fe appears to be important for stabilizing the magnetic order that competes with superconductivity.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Matan, K., E-mail: kmatan@issp.u-tokyo.ac.j [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Helton, J.S. [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Grohol, D. [The Dow Chemical Company, Core R and D, Midland, MI 48674 (United States); Nocera, D.G. [Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Wakimoto, S.; Kakurai, K. [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japanese Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata Shirane, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Lee, Y.S. [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
2009-09-01
We report polarized neutron scattering studies of spin-wave excitations and spin fluctuations in the S=5/2 kagome{sup '} lattice antiferromagnet KFe{sub 3}(OH){sub 6}(SO{sub 4}){sub 2} (jarosite). Inelastic polarized neutron scattering measurements at 10 K on a single crystal sample reveal two spin gaps, associated with in-plane and out-of-plane excitations. The polarization analysis of quasi-elastic scattering at 67 K shows in-plane spin fluctuations with XY symmetry, consistent with the disappearance of the in-plane gap above the Neel temperature T{sub N}=65K. Our results suggest that jarosite is a promising candidate for studying the 2D XY universality class in magnetic systems.
Femtosecond optomagnetism in dielectric antiferromagnets
Bossini, D.; Rasing, Th
2017-02-01
Optical femtosecond manipulation of magnetic order is attractive for the development of new concepts for ultrafast magnetic recording. Theoretical and experimental investigations in this research area aim at establishing a physical understanding of magnetic media in light-induced non-equilibrium states. Such a quest requires one to adjust the theory of magnetism, since the thermodynamical concepts of elementary excitations and spin alignment determined by the exchange interaction are not applicable on the femtosecond time-scale after the photo-excitation. Here we report some key milestones concerning the femtosecond optical control of spins in dielectric antiferromagnets, whose spin dynamics is by nature faster than that of ferromagnets and can be triggered even without any laser heating. The recent progress of the opto-magnetic effect in the sub-wavelength regime makes this exciting research area even more promising, in terms of both fundamental breakthroughs and technological perspectives.
Spatially anisotropic Heisenberg kagome antiferromagnet
Apel, W.; Yavors'kii, T.; Everts, H.-U.
2007-04-01
In the search for spin-1/2 kagome antiferromagnets, the mineral volborthite has recently been the subject of experimental studies (Hiroi et al 2001 J. Phys. Soc. Japan 70 3377; Fukaya et al 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 207603; Bert et al 2004 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16 S829; Bert et al 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 95 087203). It has been suggested that the magnetic properties of this material are described by a spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice with spatially anisotropic exchange couplings. We report on investigations of the {\\mathrm {Sp}}(\\mathcal {N}) symmetric generalization of this model in the large \\mathcal {N} limit. We obtain a detailed description of the dependence of possible ground states on the anisotropy and on the spin length S. A fairly rich phase diagram with a ferrimagnetic phase, incommensurate phases with and without long-range order and a decoupled chain phase emerges.
Spatial Fluctuations of Loose Spin Coupling in CuMn/Co Multilayers
Saerbeck, T.; Loh, N.; Lott, D.; Toperverg, B. P.; Mulders, A. M.; Rodríguez, A. Fraile; Freeland, J. W.; Ali, M.; Hickey, B. J.; Stampfl, A. P. J.; Klose, F.; Stamps, R. L.
2011-09-01
A detailed investigation of magnetic impurity-mediated interlayer exchange coupling observed in Cu0.94Mn0.06/Co multilayers using polarized neutron reflectometry and magnetic x-ray techniques is reported. Excellent descriptions of temperature and magnetic field dependent biquadratic coupling are obtained using a variant of the loose spin model that takes into account the distribution of the impurity Mn ions in three dimensions. Positional disorder of the magnetic impurities is shown to enhance biquadratic coupling via a new contribution J2fluct, leading to a temperature dependent canting of magnetic domains in the multilayer. These results provide measurable effects on RKKY coupling associated with the distribution of impurities within planes parallel to the interfaces.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hirano, Masanori; Yamada, Yuji; Saito, Taku; Nagashima, Ryo; Konishi, Takehisa; Toriyama, Tatsuya; Ohta, Yukinori; Fukazawa, Hideto; Kohori, Yoh; Furukawa, Yuji; Kihou, Kunihiro; Lee, Chul-Ho; Eisaki, Hiroshi
2012-04-12
We have performed 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements on single-crystalline Ba1-xKxFe2As2 for x = 0.27–1. 75As nuclear quadruple resonance frequency (νQ) increases linearly with increasing x. The Knight shift K in the normal state shows Pauli paramagnetic behavior with a weak temperature T dependence. K increases gradually with increasing x. By contrast, the nuclear spin–lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 in the normal state has a strong T dependence, which indicates the existence of large antiferomagnetic (AF) spin fluctuations for all x's. The T dependence of 1/T1 shows a gaplike behavior below approximately 100 K for 0.6 < x < 0.9. This behaviors is well explained by the change in the band structure with the expansion of hole Fermi surfaces and the shrinkage and disappearance of electron Fermi surfaces at the Brillouin zone (BZ) with increasing x. The anisotropy of 1/T1, represented by the ratio of 1/T1ab to 1/T1c, is always larger than 1 for all x's, which indicates that stripe-type AF fluctuations are dominant in this system. The K in the superconducting (SC) state decreases, which corresponds to the appearance of spin-singlet superconductivity. The T dependence of 1/T1 in the SC state indicates a multiple-SC-gap feature. A simple two-gap model analysis shows that the larger superconducting gap gradually decreases with increasing x from 0.27 to 1 and a smaller gap decreases rapidly and nearly vanishes for x > 0.6 where electron pockets in BZ disappear.
Lattice distortion in disordered antiferromagnetic XY models
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Peng-Fei; Cao Hai-Jing
2012-01-01
The behavior of lattice distortion in spin 1/2 antiferromagnetic XY models with random magnetic modulation is investigated with the consideration of spin-phonon coupling in the adiabatic limit.It is found that lattice distortion relies on the strength of the random modulation.For strong or weak enough spin-phonon couplings,the average lattice distortion may decrease or increase as the random modulation is strengthened.This may be the result of competition between the random magnetic modulation and the spin-phonon coupling.
Charge stripes and spin correlations in copper-oxide superconductors
Tranquada, J. M.
1997-08-01
Recent neutron diffraction studies have yielded evidence that, in a particular cuprate family, holes doped into the CuO 2 planes segregate into stripes that separate antiferromagnetic domains. Here it is shown that such a picture provides a quantitatively consistent interpretation of the spin fluctuations measured by neutron diffraction in La 1.85Sr 0.15CuO 4 and YBa 2Cu 3O 6+ x.
Charge stripes and spin correlations in copper-oxide superconductors
Tranquada, J. M.
1997-01-01
Recent neutron diffraction studies have yielded evidence that, in a particular cuprate family, holes doped into the CuO(2) planes segregate into stripes that separate antiferromagnetic domains. Here it is shown that such a picture provides a quantitatively consistent interpretation of the spin fluctuations measured by neutron scattering in La(1.85)Sr(0.15)CuO(4) and YBa(2)Cu(3)O(6+x).
Internal energy and specific heat in a ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic double layers
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jiang Wei; Guo An-Bang
2007-01-01
The internal energy and specific heat of a Heisenberg ferro- antiferromagnetic double-layer system are studied by using spin-wave theory and the retarded Green function method at low temperatures. Numerical results show that the antiferromagnetic intralayer coupling J2 has an important influence on internal energy and specific heat for a four-sublattice system with antiferromagnetic (or ferrimagnetic) interlayer couplings.
The electronic structure of antiferromagnetic chromium
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Skriver, Hans Lomholt
1981-01-01
The author has used the local spin density formalism to perform self-consistent calculations of the electronic structure of chromium in the non-magnetic and commensurate antiferromagnetic phases, as a function of the lattice parameter. A change of a few per cent in the atomic radius brings...
Antiferromagnetic Ising model on the swedenborgite lattice
Buhrandt, Stefan; Fritz, Lars
2014-01-01
Geometrical frustration in spin systems often results in a large number of degenerate ground states. In this work, we study the antiferromagnetic Ising model on the three-dimensional swedenborgite lattice, which is a specific stacking of kagome and triangular layers. The model contains two exchange
Critical Casimir force and its fluctuations in lattice spin models: exact and Monte Carlo results.
Dantchev, Daniel; Krech, Michael
2004-04-01
We present general arguments and construct a stress tensor operator for finite lattice spin models. The average value of this operator gives the Casimir force of the system close to the bulk critical temperature T(c). We verify our arguments via exact results for the force in the two-dimensional Ising model, d -dimensional Gaussian, and mean spherical model with 2Monte Carlo simulations for three-dimensional Ising, XY, and Heisenberg models we demonstrate that the standard deviation of the Casimir force F(C) in a slab geometry confining a critical substance in-between is k(b) TD(T) (A/ a(d-1) )(1/2), where A is the surface area of the plates, a is the lattice spacing, and D(T) is a slowly varying nonuniversal function of the temperature T. The numerical calculations demonstrate that at the critical temperature T(c) the force possesses a Gaussian distribution centered at the mean value of the force = k(b) T(c) (d-1)Delta/ (L/a)(d), where L is the distance between the plates and Delta is the (universal) Casimir amplitude.
Essafi, Karim; Benton, Owen; Jaubert, Ludovic D. C.
Competing interactions in frustrated magnets prevent ordering down to very low temperatures and stabilize exotic highly degenerate phases where strong correlations coexist with fluctuations. We study a very general nearest-neighbour Heisenberg spin model Hamiltonian on the kagome lattice which consist of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya, ferro- and antiferromagnetic interactions. We present a three-fold mapping which transforms the well-known Heisenberg antiferromagnet (HAF) and XXZ model onto two lines of time-reversal Hamiltonians. The mapping is exact for both classical and quantum spins, i.e. preserves the energy spectrums of the HAF and XXZ model. As a consequence, our three-fold mapping gives rise to a connected network of quantum spin liquids centered around the Ising antiferromagnet. We show that this quantum disorder spreads over an extended region of the phase diagram at linear order in spin wave theory, which overlaps with the parameter region of Herbertsmithite ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2. At the classical level, all the phases have an extensively degenerate ground-state which present a variety of properties such as ferromagnetically induced pinch points in the structure factor and spontaneous scalar chirality which was absent in the original HAF and XXZ models. This work was supported by the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University.
Er_{2}Ti_{2}O_{7}: Evidence of quantum order by disorder in a frustrated antiferromagnet
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Champion, J.D.M.; Harris, M.J.; Holdsworth, P.C.W.;
2003-01-01
Er(2)Ti(2)O(7) has been suggested to be a realization of the frustrated XY pyrochlore lattice antiferromagnet, for which theory predicts fluctuation-induced symmetry breaking in a highly degenerate ground state manifold. We present a theoretical analysis of the classical model compared...... to neutron scattering experiments on the real material, both below and above T(N)=1.173(2) K. The model correctly predicts the ordered magnetic structure, suggesting that the real system has order stabilized by zero-point quantum fluctuations that can be modeled by classical spin wave theory. However...
Antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity in the Hubbard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Krahl, H.C.
2007-07-25
The two-dimensional Hubbard model is a promising effective model for the electronic degrees of freedom in the copper-oxide planes of high temperature superconductors. We present a functional renormalization group approach to this model with focus on antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity. In order to make the relevant degrees of freedom more explicitly accessible on all length scales, we introduce composite bosonic fields mediating the interaction between the fermions. Spontaneous symmetry breaking is reflected in a non-vanishing expectation value of a bosonic field. The emergence of a coupling in the d-wave pairing channel triggered by spin wave fluctuations is demonstrated. Furthermore, the highest temperature at which the interaction strength for the electrons diverges in the renormalization flow is calculated for both antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity over a wide range of doping. This ''pseudo-critical'' temperature signals the onset of local ordering. Moreover, the temperature dependence of d-wave superconducting order is studied within a simplified model characterized by a single coupling in the d-wave pairing channel. The phase transition within this model is found to be of the Kosterlitz-Thouless type. (orig.)
Quasiparticle excitations in frustrated antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Trumper, Adolfo E. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario (CONICET) Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Boulevard 27 de Febrero 210 bis, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)]. E-mail: trumper@ifir.edu.ar; Gazza, Claudio J. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario (CONICET) Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Boulevard 27 de Febrero 210 bis, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Manuel, Luis O. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario (CONICET) Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Boulevard 27 de Febrero 210 bis, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)]. E-mail: manuel@ifir.edu.ar
2004-12-31
We have computed the quasiparticle wave function corresponding to a hole injected in a triangular antiferromagnet. We have taken into account multi-magnon contributions within the self-consistent Born approximation. We have found qualitative differences, under sign reversal of the integral transfer t, regarding the multi-magnon components and the own existence of the quasiparticle excitations. Such differences are due to the subtle interplay between magnon-assisted and free hopping mechanisms. We conclude that the conventional quasiparticle picture can be broken by geometrical frustration without invoking spin liquid phases.
Ba8CoNb6O24 : A spin-1/2 triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet in the two-dimensional limit
Rawl, R.; Ge, L.; Agrawal, H.; Kamiya, Y.; Dela Cruz, C. R.; Butch, N. P.; Sun, X. F.; Lee, M.; Choi, E. S.; Oitmaa, J.; Batista, C. D.; Mourigal, M.; Zhou, H. D.; Ma, J.
2017-02-01
The perovskite Ba8CoNb6O24 comprises equilateral effective spin-1/2 Co2 + triangular layers separated by six nonmagnetic layers. Susceptibility, specific heat, and neutron scattering measurements combined with high-temperature series expansions and spin-wave calculations confirm that Ba8CoNb6O24 is basically a two-dimensional magnet with no detectable spin anisotropy and no long-range magnetic ordering down to 0.06 K. In other words, Ba8CoNb6O24 is very close to be a realization of the paradigmatic spin-1/2 triangular Heisenberg model, which is not expected to exhibit symmetry breaking at finite temperatures according to the Mermin and Wagner theorem.
Magnetic excitations in the triangular antiferromagnets Mn3Sn and Mn3Ge
Cable, J. W.; Wakabayashi, N.; Radhakrishna, P.
1993-09-01
Inelastic neutron scattering was used to study the magnetic excitations of the triangular antiferromagnets Mn3Sn and Mn3Ge. These compounds have itinerant d electrons and large magnetic moments localized at the Mn sites and may be regarded as materials that lie in the intermediate regime between local-moment and itinerant-electron systems. The spin-wave spectra exhibit steep dispersion and strong damping, which is characteristic behavior of itinerant-electron systems. Nevertheless, it is useful to analyze the data in terms of a local-moment model with anisotropy. We find the data are remarkably well described by this model with exchange parameters extending to fifth-nearest neighbors and with both axial- and basal-plane anisotropy. The axial-anisotropy parameters were determined from the uniform out-of-plane spin fluctuation, and the signs show that the spins are confined to the basal plane. The second-order basal-plane anisotropy constants were determined by satisfying both the magnitude of the weak basal-plane ferromagnetic moments and the observed splitting of a doubly degenerate acoustic-spin-wave branch. The sixth-order basal-plane anisotropy was determined by adjusting to the observed energy gap associated with spin fluctuations within the basal plane. The exchange parameters have the correct signs to stabilize the triangular antiferromagnetic structure but yield Néel temperatures that are higher than those observed by a factor of 3 or 4. This overestimation of the Néel temperature is not an uncommon result when a local moment model is applied to an itinerant-electron system.
Ghorbani, Elaheh; Shahbazi, Farhad; Mosadeq, Hamid
2016-10-12
Using the modified spin wave method, we study the [Formula: see text] Heisenberg model with first and second neighbor antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. For a symmetric S = 1/2 model, with the same couplings for all the equivalent neighbors, we find three phases in terms of the frustration parameter [Formula: see text]: (1) a commensurate collinear ordering with staggered magnetization (Néel.I state) for [Formula: see text], (2) a magnetically gapped disordered state for [Formula: see text], preserving all the symmetries of the Hamiltonian and lattice, which by definition is a quantum spin liquid (QSL) state and (3) a commensurate collinear ordering in which two out of the three nearest neighbor magnetizations are antiparallel and the remaining pair are parallel (Néel.II state), for [Formula: see text]. We also explore the phase diagram of a distorted [Formula: see text] model with S = 1/2. Distortion is introduced as an inequality of one nearest neighbor coupling with the other two. This yields a richer phase diagram by the appearance of a new gapped QSL, a gapless QSL and also a valence bond crystal phase in addition to the previous three phases found for the undistorted model.
Ghorbani, Elaheh; Shahbazi, Farhad; Mosadeq, Hamid
2016-10-01
Using the modified spin wave method, we study the {{J}1}-{{J}2} Heisenberg model with first and second neighbor antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. For a symmetric S = 1/2 model, with the same couplings for all the equivalent neighbors, we find three phases in terms of the frustration parameter \\barα={{J}2}/{{J}1} : (1) a commensurate collinear ordering with staggered magnetization (Néel.I state) for 0≤slant \\barα≲ 0.207 , (2) a magnetically gapped disordered state for 0.207≲ \\barα≲ 0.369 , preserving all the symmetries of the Hamiltonian and lattice, which by definition is a quantum spin liquid (QSL) state and (3) a commensurate collinear ordering in which two out of the three nearest neighbor magnetizations are antiparallel and the remaining pair are parallel (Néel.II state), for 0.396≲ \\barα≤slant 1 . We also explore the phase diagram of a distorted {{J}1}-{{J}2} model with S = 1/2. Distortion is introduced as an inequality of one nearest neighbor coupling with the other two. This yields a richer phase diagram by the appearance of a new gapped QSL, a gapless QSL and also a valence bond crystal phase in addition to the previous three phases found for the undistorted model.
Order and excitations in large-S kagome-lattice antiferromagnets
Chernyshev, A. L.; Zhitomirsky, M. E.
2015-10-01
We systematically investigate the ground-state and the spectral properties of antiferromagnets on a kagomé lattice with several common types of the planar anisotropy: X X Z , single-ion, and out-of-plane Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya. Our main focus is on the role of nonlinear, anharmonic terms, which are responsible for the quantum order-by-disorder effect and for the corresponding selection of the ground-state spin structure in many of these models. The X X Z and the single-ion anisotropy models exhibit a quantum phase transition between the q =0 and the √{3 }×√{3 } states as a function of the anisotropy parameter, offering a rare example of the quantum order-by-disorder fluctuations favoring a ground state which is different from the one selected by thermal fluctuations. The nonlinear terms are also shown to be crucial for a very strong near-resonant decay phenomenon leading to the quasiparticle breakdown in the kagomé-lattice antiferromagnets whose spectra are featuring flat or weakly dispersive modes. The effect is shown to persist even in the limit of large spin values and should be common to other frustrated magnets with flat branches of excitations. Model calculations of the spectrum of the S =5 /2 Fe-jarosite with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya anisotropy provide a convincing and detailed characterization of the proposed scenario.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhu, Jian-xin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dai, Jianhui [ZHEJIANG UNIV; Si, Qimiao [RICE UNIV
2009-01-01
Some of the high {Tc} iron pnictides contain rare-earth elements, raising the question of how the existence and tunability of a d-electron antiferromagnetic order influences the heavy fermion behavior of the f-moments. With CeOFeP and CeOFeAs in mind as prototypes, we derive an extended Anderson lattice model appropriate for these quaternary systems. We show that the Kondo screening of the f-moments are efficiently suppressed by the d-electron ordering. We also argue that, inside the d-electron ordered state (as in CeOFeAs), the f-moments provide a rare realization of a quantum frustrated magnet with competing J{sub 1}-J{sub 2}-J{sub 3} interactions in an effective square lattice. Implications ofr the heavy fermion physics in broader contexts are also discussed.
Spin-fluctuation mediated superconductivity and magnetic order in the cuprate La1.88Sr0.12CuO4
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rømer, Astrid Tranum
High-temperature superconductivity in cuprates emerges as one out of many electronic phases when doping the antiferromagnetic Mott insulator La2CuO4 away from half _lling. The description of the superconducting phase is therefore complicated by intertwined electronic orders that compete...... with superconductivity. However, it is possible that the tendency towards additional ordering phenomena is a necessary condition for unconventional superconductivity to develop. Indeed most superconductors discovered throughout the last 29 years, including also the recently discovered class of iron-based superconductors......, show a very rich electronic phase diagram. A common feature that characterizes both cuprates, heavy fermions, and iron pnictides is the proximity to magnetic order. Therefore, the idea of spin-uctuation mediated pairing is a popular paradigm proposed for unconventional superconductivity. A _ngerprint...
Spin-dependent electron-phonon interaction in SmFeAsO by low-temperature Raman spectroscopy.
Zhang, L; Guan, P F; Feng, D L; Chen, X H; Xie, S S; Chen, M W
2010-11-03
The interplay between spin dynamics and lattice vibration has been suggested as an important part of the puzzle of high-temperature superconductivity. Here, we report the strong interaction between spin fluctuation and phonon in SmFeAsO, a parent compound of the iron arsenide family of superconductors, revealed by low-temperature Raman spectroscopy. Anomalous zone-boundary-phonon Raman scattering from spin superstructure was observed at temperatures below the antiferromagnetic ordering point, which offers compelling evidence on spin-dependent electron-phonon coupling in pnictides.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Guo-Ying; Xia Tian; Zhang Xue-Long; Xue Liu-Ping
2008-01-01
The exchange interaction between the electrons in the different magnetic ions and the spin-fluctuation of the magnetic ions exist in the paramagnetic media NdF3. The exchange interaction between the electrons in the different magnetic ions may be equivalent to an effective field Hin that is in direct proportion to the magnetization M. The spin-fluctuation of the magnetic ions leads the coefficient of the effective field to vary with temperature. The effective field is given as Hin = -(0.75+0.22T) × 10-5 M in NdF3. When the secondary crystal field effect is taken into account,the magnetic susceptibility and Verdet constant are calculated for NdF3 by means of the effective field Hin and the applied field He. The calculated results are in agreement with the measured ones.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LOUPing; CAOLie－Zhao; 等
2002-01-01
A theory of the c-axis infrared conductivity of a dx2-y2- wave superconductor due to the competition between the interlayer direct hopping and the hopping assisted by the spin fluctuations has been developed.The prediction of our theory captures the main feature of the experiment.Thus we argue that the anomalous behavior of the c-axis infrared conductivity of the underdoped cuprates in superconducting state may be properly understood within the theory.
Koizumi, S; Richter, D; Schwahn, D; Faragó, B; Annaka, M
2002-01-01
By employing neutron spin echo and small-angle neutron scattering, we determined the structure factor of the frozen concentration fluctuations on nano-length scales in a swollen poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) gel. The frozen contribution, showing a plateau at the low scattering wavenumber q (0.02 A sup - sup 1), is intimately related to the abnormal butterfly scattering pattern appearing at low q under deformation. (orig.)
Christianson, A. D.
2012-02-01
The origin of superconductivity in the Fe-based superconductors, like that in other unconventional superconductors, remains shrouded in mystery. How the pairing bosons emerge either due to or in spite of the strong magnetic interactions found in the Fe-based superconductors is one of the most thoroughly investigated questions in the field. A prominent example of the interplay of superconductivity and magnetism is the dramatic shift of spectral weight from the low energy spin excitations to an energy which is related to the superconducting gap resulting in a peak in the spin excitation spectrum localized in both momentum and energy which occurs at the onset of superconductivity. The appearance of the new peak in the spin excitation spectrum below the superconducting transition temperature is referred to as s spin resonance and is most commonly interpreted as indicating a sign change of the superconducting order parameter on different portions of the Fermi surface and thus is consistent with an extended s-wave or s± pairing symmetry in many Fe-based superconductors. We will review the observations and implications of the spin resonance across the Fe-based superconductors. In particular we will examine the relationship between the resonance energy and the superconducting transition temperature as a function of chemical doping and pressure. While the spin resonance provides important information about pairing symmetry, there does not appear to be sufficient spectral to explain the pairing strength. Thus the remainder of the spin excitation spectrum must be examined to determine if spin fluctuations are ultimately responsible for pairing in the Fe-based materials. Consequently, we will discuss in detail the way in which the spin excitations evolve from the nonsuperconducting compounds to their superconducting relatives as a function of chemical doping.
Temperature-dependent striped antiferromagnetism of LaFeAsO in a Green's function approach.
Liu, Gui-Bin; Liu, Bang-Gui
2009-05-13
We use a Green's function method to study the temperature-dependent average moment and magnetic phase-transition temperature of the striped antiferromagnetism of LaFeAsO, and other similar compounds, as the parents of FeAs-based superconductors. We consider the nearest and the next-nearest couplings in the FeAs layer, and the nearest coupling for inter-layer spin interaction. The dependence of the transition temperature T(N) and the zero-temperature average spin on the interaction constants is investigated. We obtain an analytical expression for T(N) and determine our temperature-dependent average spin from zero temperature to T(N) in terms of unified self-consistent equations. For LaFeAsO, we obtain a reasonable estimation of the coupling interactions with the experimental transition temperature T(N) = 138 K. Our results also show that a non-zero antiferromagnetic (AFM) inter-layer coupling is essential for the existence of a non-zero T(N), and the many-body AFM fluctuations reduce substantially the low-temperature magnetic moment per Fe towards the experimental value. Our Green's function approach can be used for other FeAs-based parent compounds and these results should be useful to understand the physical properties of FeAs-based superconductors.
Antiferromagnetic noise correlations in optical lattices
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bruun, Niels Bohr International Academy, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark, Georg Morten; Syljuåsen, F. T.; Pedersen, K. G. L.;
2009-01-01
We analyze how noise correlations probed by time-of-flight experiments reveal antiferromagnetic (AF) correlations of fermionic atoms in two-dimensional and three-dimensional optical lattices. Combining analytical and quantum Monte Carlo calculations using experimentally realistic parameters, we...... show that AF correlations can be detected for temperatures above and below the critical temperature for AF ordering. It is demonstrated that spin-resolved noise correlations yield important information about the spin ordering. Finally, we show how to extract the spin correlation length and the related...
Dipolar order by disorder in the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice.
Chern, Gia-Wei; Moessner, R
2013-02-15
Ever since the experiments which founded the field of highly frustrated magnetism, the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has been the archetypical setting for the study of fluctuation induced exotic ordering. To this day the nature of its classical low-temperature state has remained a mystery: the nonlinear nature of the fluctuations around the exponentially numerous harmonically degenerate ground states has not permitted a controlled theory, while its complex energy landscape has precluded numerical simulations at low temperature, T. Here we present an efficient Monte Carlo algorithm which removes the latter obstacle. Our simulations detect a low-temperature regime in which correlations asymptote to a remarkably small value as T→0. Feeding these results into an effective model and analyzing the results in the framework of an appropriate field theory implies the presence of long-range dipolar spin order with a tripled unit cell.
He, Lianyi
2016-10-01
We present a standard field theoretical derivation of the dynamic density and spin linear response functions of a dilute superfluid Fermi gas in the BCS-BEC crossover in both three and two dimensions. The derivation of the response functions is based on the elegant functional path integral approach which allows us to calculate the density-density and spin-spin correlation functions by introducing the external sources for the density and the spin density. Since the generating functional cannot be evaluated exactly, we consider two gapless approximations which ensure a gapless collective mode (Goldstone mode) in the superfluid state: the BCS-Leggett mean-field theory and the Gaussian-pair-fluctuation (GPF) theory. In the mean-field theory, our results of the response functions agree with the known results from the random phase approximation. We further consider the pair fluctuation effects and establish a theoretical framework for the dynamic responses within the GPF theory. We show that the GPF response theory naturally recovers three kinds of famous diagrammatic contributions: the Self-Energy contribution, the Aslamazov-Lakin contribution, and the Maki-Thompson contribution. We also show that unlike the equilibrium state, in evaluating the response functions, the linear (first-order) terms in the external sources as well as the induced order parameter perturbations should be treated carefully. In the superfluid state, there is an additional order parameter contribution which ensures that in the static and long wavelength limit, the density response function recovers the result of the compressibility (compressibility sum rule). We expect that the f-sum rule is manifested by the full number equation which includes the contribution from the Gaussian pair fluctuations. The dynamic density and spin response functions in the normal phase (above the superfluid critical temperature) are also derived within the Nozières-Schmitt-Rink (NSR) theory.
Charge dynamics of the antiferromagnetically ordered Mott insulator
Han, Xing-Jie; Liu, Yu; Liu, Zhi-Yuan; Li, Xin; Chen, Jing; Liao, Hai-Jun; Xie, Zhi-Yuan; Normand, B.; Xiang, Tao
2016-10-01
We introduce a slave-fermion formulation in which to study the charge dynamics of the half-filled Hubbard model on the square lattice. In this description, the charge degrees of freedom are represented by fermionic holons and doublons and the Mott-insulating characteristics of the ground state are the consequence of holon-doublon bound-state formation. The bosonic spin degrees of freedom are described by the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model, yielding long-ranged (Néel) magnetic order at zero temperature. Within this framework and in the self-consistent Born approximation, we perform systematic calculations of the average double occupancy, the electronic density of states, the spectral function and the optical conductivity. Qualitatively, our method reproduces the lower and upper Hubbard bands, the spectral-weight transfer into a coherent quasiparticle band at their lower edges and the renormalisation of the Mott gap, which is associated with holon-doublon binding, due to the interactions of both quasiparticle species with the magnons. The zeros of the Green function at the chemical potential give the Luttinger volume, the poles of the self-energy reflect the underlying quasiparticle dispersion with a spin-renormalised hopping parameter and the optical gap is directly related to the Mott gap. Quantitatively, the square-lattice Hubbard model is one of the best-characterised problems in correlated condensed matter and many numerical calculations, all with different strengths and weaknesses, exist with which to benchmark our approach. From the semi-quantitative accuracy of our results for all but the weakest interaction strengths, we conclude that a self-consistent treatment of the spin-fluctuation effects on the charge degrees of freedom captures all the essential physics of the antiferromagnetic Mott-Hubbard insulator. We remark in addition that an analytical approximation with these properties serves a vital function in developing a full understanding of the
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
K K Choudhary; N Gupta; N Kaurav; S Katiyal; S K Ghosh
2014-08-01
The anomalous temperature-dependent electrical resistivity ρ() of La0.875Sr0.125MnO3 manganite nanoparticles (particle size 18 nm) is theoretically analysed. ρ() exhibits semiconducting phase in lowtemperature regime (20 < < 53 K), shows a minima near 53 K and increases with at high temperatures (53 < < 170 K). The resistivity in metallic phase ( > 53 K) is theoretically analysed by considering the strong spin-fluctuation effect, which is modelled using Drude–Lorentz type function. In addition to the spin fluctuation-induced contribution, the electron–phonon and electron–electron $ ρe–e() = 2 contributions are also incorporated for complete understanding of experimental data. The contributions to the resistivity by inherent acoustic phonons ( ρac) as well as high-frequency optical phonons ( ρop) were estimated using Bloch–Gruneisen (BG) model of resistivity. It is observed that the resistivity contribution due to electron–electron interaction shows typical quadratic temperature dependence. Spin fluctuation-induced resistivity is dominant over electron–electron and electron–phonon contributions in overall temperature range in the manganite nanoparticles. Resistivity in the semiconducting phase is discussed with small polaron conduction (SPC) model. SPC model consistently retraces the low-temperature resistivity behaviour ( < 53 K). Finally, the theoretically calculated resistivity compared with experimental data is found to be consistent in wide range of temperature.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pedro, I de [Departamento de QuImica Inorganica, Facultad de Ciencia y TecnologIa, Universidad del PaIs Vasco, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Rojo, J M [Departamento de QuImica Inorganica, Facultad de Ciencia y TecnologIa, Universidad del PaIs Vasco, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Pizarro, J L [Departamento de MineralogIa y PetrologIa, Facultad de Ciencia y TecnologIa, Universidad del PaIs Vasco, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Fernandez, J RodrIguez [CITIMAC, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Marcos, J Sanchez [CITIMAC, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Fernandez-DIaz, M T [Institut Laue-Langevin, BP 156X, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex (France); Arriortua, M I [Departamento de MineralogIa y PetrologIa, Facultad de Ciencia y TecnologIa, Universidad del PaIs Vasco, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Rojo, T [Departamento de QuImica Inorganica, Facultad de Ciencia y TecnologIa, Universidad del PaIs Vasco, 48080 Bilbao (Spain)
2006-04-19
Compounds of the general formula Co{sub 2-x}Ni{sub x}(OH)PO{sub 4} (x = 0.1, 0.3) have been synthesized under mild hydrothermal conditions. Neutron powder diffraction, susceptibility and heat capacity measurements were carried out on polycrystalline samples. The cobalt-nickel compounds are ordered as three-dimensional antiferromagnets with ordering temperatures of 70 and 64 K for x = 0.1 and x = 0.3, respectively. The magnetic study shows a spin glass-like state below 11 and 5 K for Co{sub 1.9}Ni{sub 0.1}(OH)PO{sub 4} and Co{sub 1.7}Ni{sub 0.3}(OH)PO{sub 4}, respectively. Specific heat data present peaks at 68 and 61 K for Co{sub 1.9}Ni{sub 0.1} and Co{sub 1.7}Ni{sub 0.3}, respectively. These peaks show broad shoulders between approximately 15 and 40 K. The lack of any distinguishable anomaly below 10 K supports the spin glass nature of the low temperature transitions. Refinement of room temperature neutron diffraction data indicates that the Ni(II) ions are in octahedral co-ordination with the practical absence of these ions in the trigonal bipyramidal sites. The magnetic structures of Co{sub 2-x}Ni{sub x}(OH)PO{sub 4} consist of ferromagnetic arrangements between the octahedral chains and trigonal bipyramidal dimers within the xz plane with the magnetic moments along the z axis. The ferromagnetic layers are disposed antiparallel to one another along the y direction establishing the three-dimensional antiferromagnetic order (T{sub N}{approx}70 K for Co{sub 1.9}Ni{sub 0.1} and {approx}64 K for Co{sub 1.7}Ni{sub 0.3}). The different exchange pathways, the anisotropy of the Co(II) ions and the frustration of the magnetic moments in the trigonal bipyramidal geometry could be responsible for the freezing process.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Akmaldinov, K. [SPINTEC, UMR 8191 CNRS/INAC-CEA/UJF-Grenoble 1/Grenoble-INP, F-38054 Cedex (France); CROCUS Technology, F-38025 Grenoble (France); Ducruet, C.; Portemont, C. [CROCUS Technology, F-38025 Grenoble (France); Joumard, I.; Prejbeanu, I. L.; Dieny, B.; Baltz, V., E-mail: vincent.baltz@cea.fr [SPINTEC, UMR 8191 CNRS/INAC-CEA/UJF-Grenoble 1/Grenoble-INP, F-38054 Cedex (France)
2014-05-07
Spintronics devices and in particular thermally assisted magnetic random access memories require a wide range of ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic (F/AF) exchange bias (EB) properties and subsequently of AF materials to fulfil diverse functionality requirements for the reference and storage. For the reference layer, large EB energies and high blocking temperature (T{sub B}) are required. In contrast, for the storage layer, mostly moderate T{sub B} are needed. One of the present issues is to find a storage layer with properties intermediate between those of IrMn and FeMn and in particular: (i) with a T{sub B} larger than FeMn for better stability at rest-T but lower than IrMn to reduce power consumption at write-T and (ii) with improved magnetic interfacial quality, i.e., with reduced interfacial glassy character for lower properties dispersions. To address this issue, the EB properties of F/AF based stacks were studied for various mixed [IrMn/FeMn] AFs. In addition to EB loop shifts, the F/AF magnetic interfacial qualities and the AF grains thermal stability are probed via measurements of the low- and high-temperature contributions to the T{sub B} distributions, respectively. A tuning of the above three parameters is observed when evolving from IrMn to FeMn via [IrMn/FeMn] repetitions.
Spins in the vortices of a high-temperature superconductor
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lake, B.; Aeppli, G.; Clausen, K.N.
2001-01-01
Neutron scattering is used to characterize the magnetism of the vortices for the optimally doped high-temperature superconductor La2-xSrxCuO4 (x = 0.163) in an applied magnetic field. As temperature is reduced, Low-frequency spin fluctuations first disappear with the loss of vortex mobility......, but then reappear. We find that the vortex state can be regarded as an inhomogeneous mixture of a superconducting spin fluid and a material containing a nearly ordered antiferromagnet. These experiments show that as for many other properties of cuprate superconductors, the important underlying microscopic forces...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Katayama, N.; Wen, J.; Ji, S.; Louca, D.; Lee, S.-H.; Fujita, M.; Sato, T.J.; Wen, J.S.; Xu, Z.J.; Gu, G.D.; Xu, G.; Lin, Z.W.; Enoki, M.; Chang, S.; Yamada, K.; Tranquada, J.M.
2010-11-01
Using bulk magnetization along with elastic and inelastic neutron scattering techniques, we have investigated the phase diagram of Fe{sub 1+y}Se{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} and the nature of magnetic correlations in three nonsuperconducting samples of Fe{sub 1.01}Se{sub 0.1}Te{sub 0.9}, Fe{sub 1.01}Se{sub 0.15}Te{sub 0.85}, and Fe{sub 1.02}Se{sub 0.3}Te{sub 0.7}. A cusp and hysteresis in the temperature dependence of the magnetization for the x=0.15 and 0.3 samples indicates spin-glass (SG) ordering below T{sub sg} = 23 K. Neutron scattering measurements indicate that the spin-glass behavior is associated with short-range spin density wave (SDW) ordering characterized by a static component and a low-energy dynamic component with a characteristic incommensurate wave vector of Q{sub m} = (0.46, 0, 0.50) and an anisotropy gap of -2.5 meV. Our high Q-resolution data also show that the systems undergo a glassy structural distortion that coincides with the short-range SDW order.
Saito, Tetsuro; Yamakawa, Youichi; Onari, Seiichiro; Kontani, Hiroshi
2015-10-01
The precise gap structure in LiFeAs (Tc=18 K) given by ARPES studies offers significant information that helps us understand the pairing mechanism in iron-based superconductors. The most remarkable characteristic in the LiFeAs gap structure would be that "the largest gap emerges on the tiny hole-pockets around the Z point." This result has been naturally explained in terms of the orbital-fluctuation scenario [T. Saito et al., Phys. Rev. B 90, 035104 (2014)], 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.035104, whereas the opposite result is obtained by the spin-fluctuation scenario. In this paper, we study the gap structure in LiFeAs by taking the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) into account, motivated by the recent ARPES studies that revealed a significant SOI-induced modification of the Fermi surface topology. For this purpose, we construct two possible tight-binding models with finite SOI by referring the band structures given by different ARPES groups. In addition, we extend the gap equation for multiorbital systems with finite SOI, and calculate the gap functions by applying the orbital-spin fluctuation theory. On the basis of both SOI-induced band structures, the main characteristics of the gap structure in LiFeAs are naturally reproduced only in the presence of strong interorbital interactions between (dx z /y z-dx y) orbitals. Thus the experimental gap structure in LiFeAs is a strong evidence for the orbital-fluctuation pairing mechanism.
Katayama, Kazuya; Kurita, Nobuyuki; Tanaka, Hidekazu
2015-06-01
We have systematically investigated the variation of the exchange parameters and the ground state in the S =1/2 kagome-lattice antiferromagnet (Rb1 -xCsx )2Cu3SnF12 via magnetic measurements using single crystals. One of the parent compounds, Rb2Cu3SnF12 , which has a distorted kagome lattice accompanied by four sorts of nearest-neighbor exchange interaction, has a disordered ground state described by a pinwheel valence-bond-solid state. The other parent compound, Cs2Cu3SnF12 , which has a uniform kagome lattice at room temperature, has an ordered ground state with the q =0 spin structure. The analysis of magnetic susceptibilities shows that with increasing cesium concentration x , the exchange parameters increase with the tendency to be uniform. It was found that the ground state is disordered for x 0.53 . The pseudogap observed for x 0.53 approach zero at xc≃0.53 . This is indicative of the occurrence of a quantum phase transition at xc.
Tailoring exchange couplings in magnetic topological-insulator/antiferromagnet heterostructures
He, Qing Lin; Kou, Xufeng; Grutter, Alexander J.; Yin, Gen; Pan, Lei; Che, Xiaoyu; Liu, Yuxiang; Nie, Tianxiao; Zhang, Bin; Disseler, Steven M.; Kirby, Brian J.; Ratcliff, William, II; Shao, Qiming; Murata, Koichi; Zhu, Xiaodan; Yu, Guoqiang; Fan, Yabin; Montazeri, Mohammad; Han, Xiaodong; Borchers, Julie A.; Wang, Kang L.
2017-01-01
Magnetic topological insulators such as Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3 provide a platform for the realization of versatile time-reversal symmetry-breaking physics. By constructing heterostructures exhibiting Néel order in an antiferromagnetic CrSb and ferromagnetic order in Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3, we realize emergent interfacial magnetic phenomena which can be tailored through artificial structural engineering. Through deliberate geometrical design of heterostructures and superlattices, we demonstrate the use of antiferromagnetic exchange coupling in manipulating the magnetic properties of magnetic topological insulators. Proximity effects are shown to induce an interfacial spin texture modulation and establish an effective long-range exchange coupling mediated by antiferromagnetism, which significantly enhances the magnetic ordering temperature in the superlattice. This work provides a new framework on integrating topological insulators with antiferromagnetic materials and unveils new avenues towards dissipationless topological antiferromagnetic spintronics.
Density matrix renormalization group numerical study of the kagome antiferromagnet.
Jiang, H C; Weng, Z Y; Sheng, D N
2008-09-12
We numerically study the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice using the density-matrix renormalization group method. We find that the ground state is a magnetically disordered spin liquid, characterized by an exponential decay of spin-spin correlation function in real space and a magnetic structure factor showing system-size independent peaks at commensurate magnetic wave vectors. We obtain a spin triplet excitation gap DeltaE(S=1)=0.055+/-0.005 by extrapolation based on the large size results, and confirm the presence of gapless singlet excitations. The physical nature of such an exotic spin liquid is also discussed.
Spin-lattice coupling induced weak dynamical magnetism in EuTiO3 at high temperatures
Guguchia, Z.; Keller, H.; Kremer, R. K.; Köhler, J.; Luetkens, H.; Goko, T.; Amato, A.; Bussmann-Holder, A.
2014-08-01
EuTiO3, which is a G-type antiferromagnet below TN=5.5 K, has some fascinating properties at high temperatures, suggesting that macroscopically hidden dynamically fluctuating weak magnetism exists at high temperatures. This conjecture is substantiated by magnetic field dependent magnetization measurements, which exhibit pronounced anomalies below 200 K becoming more distinctive with increasing magnetic field strength. Additional results from muon spin rotation experiments provide evidence for weak fluctuating bulk magnetism induced by spin-lattice coupling which is strongly supported in increasing magnetic field.
Nematic antiferromagnetic states in bulk FeSe
Liu, Kai; Lu, Zhong-Yi; Xiang, Tao
2016-05-01
The existence of nematic order, which breaks the lattice rotational symmetry with nonequivalent a and b axes in iron-based superconductors, is a well-established experimental fact. An antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition is accompanying this order, observed in nearly all parent compounds, except bulk FeSe. The absence of the AFM order in FeSe casts doubt on the magnetic mechanism of iron-based superconductivity, since the nematic order is believed to be driven by the same interaction that is responsible for the superconducting pairing in these materials. Here we show, through systematic first-principles electronic structure calculations, that the ground state of FeSe is in fact strongly AFM correlated but without developing a magnetic long-range order. Actually, there are a series of staggered n -mer AFM states with corresponding energies below that of the single stripe AFM state, which is the ground state for the parent compounds of most iron-based superconductors. Here, the staggered n -mer (n any integer >1 ) means a set of n adjacent parallel spins on a line along the b axis with antiparallel spins between n -mers along both a and b axes. Moreover, different n -mers can antiparallelly mix with each other to coexist. Among all the states, we find that the lowest energy states formed by the staggered dimer, staggered trimer, and their random antiparallel aligned spin states along the b axis are quasidegenerate. The thermal average of these states does not show any magnetic long-range order, but it does possess a hidden one-dimensional AFM order along the a axis, which can be detected by elastic neutron scattering measurements. Our finding gives a natural account for the absence of long-range magnetic order and suggests that the nematicity is driven predominantly by spin fluctuations even in bulk FeSe, providing a unified description on the phase diagram of iron-based superconductors.
Coexistence of antiferromagnetic and spin-glass behaviour in U{sub 3}Rh{sub 3}Sb{sub 4}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tran, V H; Bukowski, Z; Stepien-Damm, J; Zaleski, A J; Badurski, D; Gorzelniak, R; Sulkowski, Cz; Troc, R [W Trzebiatowski Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, PO Box 1410, P-50-950 Wroclaw (Poland)
2005-06-15
We report on single-crystal growth, crystal structural determination and magnetic, electrical resistivity and thermoelectric power measurements performed on a set of single crystals of U{sub 3}Rh{sub 3}Sb{sub 4}. The compound crystallizes in the cubic Y{sub 3}Au{sub 3}Sb{sub 4}-type structure. The ac susceptibility and dc magnetization both indicate that the compound undergoes a transition into a spin-glass state below 14.7 K. The resistivity shows a broad minimum at 30 K. The thermoelectric power is negative in the whole temperature range studied and exhibits an enhanced value of -32 {mu}V K{sup -1} at room temperature.
Lv, Yi-Fei; Xiang, Jian-Yong; Wen, Fu-Sheng; Lv, Wei-Ming; Hu, Wen-Tao; Liu, Zhong-Yuan
2015-03-01
Single phase of Fe3+-doped α-Ga2-xFexO3 (α-GFxO, x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4) is synthesized by treating the β-Ga2-xFexO3 (β-GFxO) precursors at high temperatures and high pressures. Rietveld refinements of the X-ray diffraction data show that the lattice constants increase monotonically with the increase of Fe3+ content. Calorimetric measurements show that the temperature of the phase transition from α-GFxO to β-GFxO increases, while the associated enthalpy change decreases upon increasing Fe3+ content. The optical energy gap deduced from the reflectance measurement is found to decrease monotonically with the increase in Fe3+ content. From the measurements of magnetic field-dependent magnetization and temperature-dependent inverse molar susceptibility, we find that the superexchange interaction between Fe3+ ions is antiferromagnetic. Remnant magnetization is observed in the Fe3+-doped α-GFxO and is attributed to the spin glass in the magnetic sublattice. At high Fe3+ doping level (x = 0.4), two evident peaks are observed in the image part of the AC susceptibility . The frequency dependence in intensity of these two peaks as well as two spin freezing temperatures observed in the DC magnetization measurements of α-GF0.4O is suggested to be the behavior of two spin glasses. Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2010CB731605), the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (Grant No. 51025103), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51172198 and 51102206), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China (Grant No. E2014203144), the Science Foundation for the Excellent Youth Scholars from Universities and Colleges of Hebei Province, China (Grant No. YQ2014009), and the Research Program of the College Science & Technology of Hebei Province, China (Grant No. QN2014047).
Spin-reorientation and weak ferromagnetism in antiferromagnetic TbMn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nhalil, Hariharan, E-mail: hariharan@physics.iisc.ernet.in, E-mail: hariharan.nhalil@gmail.com; Sanathkumar, R.; Elizabeth, Suja [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Nair, Harikrishnan S. [Highly Correlated Matter Research Group, Physics Department, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park 2006 (South Africa); Strydom, André M. [Highly Correlated Matter Research Group, Physics Department, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park 2006 (South Africa); Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids (MPICPfS), Nöthnitzerstraße 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany)
2015-05-07
Orthorhombic single crystals of TbMn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} are found to exhibit spin-reorientation, magnetization reversal, and weak ferromagnetism. Strong anisotropy effects are evident in the temperature dependent magnetization measurements along the three crystallographic axes a, b, and c. A broad magnetic transition is visible at T{sub N}{sup Fe/Mn}=286 K due to paramagnetic to A{sub x}G{sub y}C{sub z} ordering. A sharp transition is observed at T{sub SR}{sup Fe/Mn}=28 K, which is pronounced along c axis in the form of a sharp jump in magnetization where the spins reorient to G{sub x}A{sub y}F{sub z} configuration. The negative magnetization observed below T{sub SR}{sup Fe/Mn} along c axis is explained in terms of domain wall pinning. A component of weak ferromagnetism is observed in field-scans along c-axis but below 28 K. Field-induced steps-like transitions are observed in hysteresis measurement along b axis below 28 K. It is noted that no sign of Tb-order is discernible down to 2 K. TbMn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} could be highlighted as a potential candidate to evaluate its magneto-dielectric effects across the magnetic transitions.
Antiferromagnetic textures and dynamics on the surface of a heavy metal
Zarzuela, Ricardo; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav
2017-01-01
We investigate the formation and dynamics of spin textures in antiferromagnetic insulators adjacent to a heavy-metal substrate with strong spin-orbit interactions. Exchange coupling to conduction electrons engenders an effective anisotropy, Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, and a magnetoelectric effect for the N\\'{e}el order, which can conspire to produce nontrivial antiferromagnetic textures. Current-driven spin transfer enabled by the heavy metal, furthermore, triggers ultrafast (THz) osc...
Classical and quantum anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
W. Selke
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We study classical and quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets with exchange anisotropy of XXZ-type and crystal field single-ion terms of quadratic and quartic form in a field. The magnets display a variety of phases, including the spin-flop (or, in the quantum case, spin-liquid and biconical (corresponding, in the quantum lattice gas description, to supersolid phases. Applying ground-state considerations, Monte Carlo and density matrix renormalization group methods, the impact of quantum effects and lattice dimension is analysed. Interesting critical and multicritical behaviour may occur at quantum and thermal phase transitions.
Wrobel, Friederike; Kemei, Moureen C; Derakhshan, Shahab
2013-03-04
A novel quaternary compound in the Ba-Y-Fe-O phase diagram was synthesized by solid-state reaction and its crystal structure was characterized using powder X-ray diffraction. The crystal structure of BaYFeO4 consists of a unique arrangement of Fe(3+) magnetic ions, which is based on alternate corner-shared units of [FeO5](7-) square pyramids and [FeO6](9-) octahedra. This results in the formation of stairwise channels of FeO polyhedra along the b crystallographic axis. The structure is described in an orthorhombic crystal system in the space group Pnma with lattice parameters a = 13.14455(1) Å, b = 5.694960(5) Å, and c = 10.247630(9) Å. The temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility data reveal two antiferromagnetic (AFM) transitions at 33 and 48 K. An upturn in the magnetic susceptibility data above these transitions is observed, which does not reach its maximum even at 390 K. The field-dependent magnetization data at both 2 and 300 K show a nearly linear dependence and do not exhibit significant hysteresis. Heat capacity measurements between 2 and 200 K reveal only a broad anomaly without any indication of long-range ordering. The latter data set is not in good agreement with the magnetic susceptibility data, which makes it difficult to exactly determine the magnetic ground state of BaYFeO4. Accordingly, a temperature-dependent neutron diffraction study is in order, which will enable resolving this issue. The theoretical study of the relative strengths of magnetic exchange interactions along various possible pathways, using extended Hückel spin dimer analysis, shows that only interactions between square pyramidal and octahedral centers are significant, and among them, the intrachannel correlations are stronger than interchannel interactions. This is the first physical property study in such a magnetic ion substructure.
Quantification of quantum discord in a antiferromagnetic Heisenberg compound
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Singh, H., E-mail: chiranjib@iiserkol.ac.in; Chakraborty, T., E-mail: chiranjib@iiserkol.ac.in; Mitra, C., E-mail: chiranjib@iiserkol.ac.in [Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Kolkata, Mohanpur Campus, Mohanpur -741252, Nadia, West Bengal (India)
2014-04-24
An experimental quantification of concurrence and quantum discord from heat capacity (C{sub p}) measurement performed over a solid state system has been reported. In this work, thermodynamic measurements were performed on copper nitrate (CN, Cu(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}⋅2.5H{sub 2}O) single crystals which is an alternating antiferromagnet Heisenberg spin 1/2 system. CN being a weak dimerized antiferromagnet is an ideal system to investigate correlations between spins. The theoretical expressions were used to obtain concurrence and quantum discord curves as a function of temperature from heat capacity data of a real macroscopic system, CN.
Mn2Au: body-centered-tetragonal bimetallic antiferromagnets grown by molecular beam epitaxy.
Wu, Han-Chun; Liao, Zhi-Min; Sofin, R G Sumesh; Feng, Gen; Ma, Xiu-Mei; Shick, Alexander B; Mryasov, Oleg N; Shvets, Igor V
2012-12-11
Mn(2)Au, a layered bimetal, is successfully grown using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The experiments and theoretical calculations presented suggest that Mn(2)Au film is antiferromagnetic with a very low critical temperature. The antiferromagnetic nature is demonstrated by measuring the exchange-bias effect of Mn(2)Au/Fe bilayers. This study establishes a primary basis for further research of this new antiferromagnet in spin-electronic device applications.
Thermally activated repolarization of antiferromagnetic particles: Monte Carlo dynamics
Soloviev, S. V.; Popkov, A. F.; Knizhnik, A. A.; Iskandarova, I. M.
2017-02-01
Based on the equation of motion of an antiferromagnetic moment, taking into account a random field of thermal fluctuations, we propose a Monte Carlo (MC) scheme for the numerical simulation of the evolutionary dynamics of an antiferromagnetic particle, corresponding to the Langevin dynamics in the Kramers theory for the two-well potential. Conditions for the selection of the sphere of fluctuations of random deviations of the antiferromagnetic vector at an MC time step are found. A good agreement with the theory of Kramers thermal relaxation is demonstrated for varying temperatures and heights of energy barrier over a wide range of integration time steps in an overdamped regime. Based on the developed scheme, we performed illustrative calculations of the temperature drift of the exchange bias under the fast annealing of a ferromagnet-antiferromagnet structure, taking into account the random variation of anisotropy directions in antiferromagnetic grains and their sizes. The proposed approach offers promise for modeling magnetic sensors and spintronic memory devices containing heterostructures with antiferromagnetic layers.
Brambleby, J.; Goddard, P. A.; Singleton, J.; Jaime, M.; Lancaster, T.; Huang, L.; Wosnitza, J.; Topping, C. V.; Carreiro, K. E.; Tran, H. E.; Manson, Z. E.; Manson, J. L.
2017-01-01
We present the magnetic and thermal properties of the bosonic-superfluid phase in a spin-dimer network using both quasistatic and rapidly changing pulsed magnetic fields. The entropy derived from a heat-capacity study reveals that the pulsed-field measurements are strongly adiabatic in nature and are responsible for the onset of a significant magnetocaloric effect (MCE). In contrast to previous predictions we show that the MCE is not just confined to the critical regions, but occurs for all fields greater than zero at sufficiently low temperatures. We explain the MCE using a model of the thermal occupation of exchange-coupled dimer spin states and highlight that failure to take this effect into account inevitably leads to incorrect interpretations of experimental results. In addition, the heat capacity in our material is suggestive of an extraordinary contribution from zero-point fluctuations and appears to indicate universal behavior with different critical exponents at the two field-induced critical points. The data at the upper critical point, combined with the layered structure of the system, are consistent with a two-dimensional nature of spin excitations in the system.
Nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Madsen, Daniel Esmarch
2008-01-01
I denne Ph.D. afhandling studeres forskellige egenskaber ved antiferromagnetiske nanopartikler. I en ideel antiferromagnet er spinnene orienteret således at der ikke er et resulterende magnetisk moment. I nanopartikler af antiferromagnetiske materialer er denne kompensation på grund af forskellig...
Fluctuation relations for spintronics.
López, Rosa; Lim, Jong Soo; Sánchez, David
2012-06-15
Fluctuation relations are derived in systems where the spin degree of freedom and magnetic interactions play a crucial role. The form of the nonequilibrium fluctuation theorems relies on the assumption of a local balance condition. We demonstrate that in some cases the presence of magnetic interactions violates this condition. Nevertheless, fluctuation relations can be obtained from the microreversibility principle sustained only at equilibrium as a symmetry of the cumulant generating function for spin currents. We illustrate the spintronic fluctuation relations for a quantum dot coupled to partially polarized helical edge states.
Electrical manipulation of a ferromagnet by an antiferromagnet
Tshitoyan, V.; Ciccarelli, C.; Mihai, A. P.; Ali, M.; Irvine, A. C.; Moore, T. A.; Jungwirth, T.; Ferguson, A. J.
Several recent studies of antiferromagnetic (AFM) spintronics have focused on transmission and detection of spin-currents in AFMs. Efficient spin transmission through AFMs was inferred from experiments in FM/AFM/NM (normal metal) structures. Measurements in FM/AFM bilayers have demonstrated that a metallic AFM can also act as an efficient ISHE detector of the spin-current, with spin-Hall angles comparable to heavy NMs. Here we demonstrate that an antiferromagnet can be employed for a highly efficient electrical manipulation of a ferromagnet. We use an all-electrical excitation and detection technique of ferromagnetic resonance in a NiFe/IrMn bilayer. We observe antidamping-like spin torque acting on the NiFe generated by the in-plane current driven through the IrMn antiferromagnet. A large enhancement of the torque, characterized by an effective spin-Hall angle exceeding most heavy transition metals, correlates with the presence of the exchange-bias field at the NiFe/IrMn interface. It highlights that, in addition to strong spin-orbit coupling, the AFM order in IrMn governs the observed phenomenon.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Moretto, L.G.
1980-08-01
The relevance of higher multipoles of giant isovector modes in the charge distribution of deep inelastic fragments is discussed and found to depend strongly on mass asymmetry. The sources of angular momentum fluctuations are investigated. Quantal effects are considered as well as effects arising from non-equilibrium and equilibrium statistical fluctuations. A model based upon equilibrium statistical mechanics is considered in detail, and used to predict both 2nd moments of the angular momentum distributions and the angular momentum misalignment. Analytical expressions are derived to calculate the angular distributions of sequentially emitted particles, fission fragments, as well as gamma rays in terms of the angular momentum misalignment. Recent data on the angular distributions of sequential alphas, fission and gamma rays are analyzed in terms of the model. 29 figures, 1 table.
Symmetry Reduction in the Quantum Kagome Antiferromagnet Herbertsmithite
Zorko, A.; Herak, M.; Gomilšek, M.; van Tol, J.; Velázquez, M.; Khuntia, P.; Bert, F.; Mendels, P.
2017-01-01
Employing complementary torque magnetometry and electron spin resonance on single crystals of herbertsmithite, the closest realization to date of a quantum kagome antiferromagnet featuring a spin-liquid ground state, we provide novel insight into different contributions to its magnetism. At low temperatures, two distinct types of defects with different magnetic couplings to the kagome spins are found. Surprisingly, their magnetic response contradicts the threefold symmetry of the ideal kagome lattice, suggesting the presence of a global structural distortion that may be related to the establishment of the spin-liquid ground state.
Competitive forms of symmetry breaking in linear antiferromagnetic systems
Caspers, W.J.; Magnus, W.
1985-01-01
Two different forms of symmetry breaking are considered for linear antiferromagnetic systems (S = 1/2 ). Their relative stability is examined by considering small fluctuations in the harmonic oscillator approximation. Imaginary frequencies correspond with an unstable phase, and the ground state repr
Spin currents and magnon dynamics in insulating magnets
Nakata, Kouki; Simon, Pascal; Loss, Daniel
2017-03-01
Nambu–Goldstone theorem provides gapless modes to both relativistic and nonrelativistic systems. The Nambu–Goldstone bosons in insulating magnets are called magnons or spin-waves and play a key role in magnetization transport. We review here our past works on magnetization transport in insulating magnets and also add new insights, with a particular focus on magnon transport. We summarize in detail the magnon counterparts of electron transport, such as the Wiedemann–Franz law, the Onsager reciprocal relation between the Seebeck and Peltier coefficients, the Hall effects, the superconducting state, the Josephson effects, and the persistent quantized current in a ring to list a few. Focusing on the electromagnetism of moving magnons, i.e. magnetic dipoles, we theoretically propose a way to directly measure magnon currents. As a consequence of the Mermin–Wagner–Hohenberg theorem, spin transport is drastically altered in one-dimensional antiferromagnetic (AF) spin-1/2 chains; where the Néel order is destroyed by quantum fluctuations and a quasiparticle magnon-like picture breaks down. Instead, the low-energy collective excitations of the AF spin chain are described by a Tomonaga–Luttinger liquid (TLL) which provides the spin transport properties in such antiferromagnets some universal features at low enough temperature. Finally, we enumerate open issues and provide a platform to discuss the future directions of magnonics.
Quantum Monte Carlo Study of Random Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chain
Todo, Synge; Kato, Kiyoshi; Takayama, Hajime
1998-01-01
Effects of randomness on the spin-1/2 and 1 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains are studied using the quantum Monte Carlo method with the continuous-time loop algorithm. We precisely calculated the uniform susceptibility, string order parameter, spatial and temporal correlation length, and the dynamical exponent, and obtained a phase diagram. The generalization of the continuous-time loop algorithm for the systems with higher-S spins is also presented.
Observation of Antiferromagnetic Resonance in an Organic Superconductor
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Torrance, J. B.; Pedersen, H. J.; Bechgaard, K.
1982-01-01
Anomalous microwave absorption has been observed in the organic superconductor TMTSF2AsF6 (TMTSF: tetramethyltetraselenafulvalene) below its metal-nonmetal transition near 12 K. This absorption is unambiguously identified as antiferromagnetic resonance by the excellent agreement between a spin...
Superfluid and antiferromagnetic phases in ultracold fermionic quantum gases
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gottwald, Tobias
2010-08-27
domain wall formation, antiferromagnetically induced density shifts, and we show the relevant role of spin-imbalance for antiferromagnetic states. Since the first step for understanding the physics of the examined models was the application of a mean field approximation, we analyze the effect of including the second order terms of the weak coupling perturbation expansion for the repulsive model. We show that our results survive the influence of quantum fluctuations and show that the renormalization factors for order parameters and critical temperatures lead to a weaker influence of the fluctuations on the results in finite sized systems than on the results in the thermodynamical limit. Furthermore, in the context of second order theory we address the question whether results obtained in the dynamical mean field theory (DMFT), which is meanwhile a frequently used method for describing trapped systems, survive the effect of the non-local Feynman diagrams neglected in DMFT. (orig.)
Characterization of the Dilute Ising Antiferromagnet
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wiener, T.
2000-09-12
A spin glass is a magnetic ground state in which ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions compete, thereby creating frustration and a multidegenerate state with no long range order. An Ising system is a system where the spins are constrained to lie parallel or antiparallel to a primary axis. There has been much theoretical interest in the past ten years in the effects of applying a magnetic field transverse to the primary axis in an Ising spin glass at low temperatures and thus study phase transitions at the T=0 limit. The focus of this study is to search for and characterize a new Ising spin glass system. This is accomplished by site diluting yttrium for terbium in the crystalline material TbNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}. The first part of this work gives a brief overview of the physics of rare earth magnetism and an overview of experimental characteristics of spin glasses. This is followed by the methodology used to manufacture the large single crystals used in this study, as well as the measurement techniques used. Next, a summary of the results of magnetic measurements on across the dilution series from pure terbium to pure yttrium is presented. This is followed by detailed measurements on particular dilutions which demonstrate spin glass behavior. Pure TbNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} is an Ising antiferromagnet with a several distinct metamagnetic states below 17 K. As the terbium is alloyed with yttrium, these magnetic states are weakened in a consistent manner, as is seen in measurements of the transition temperatures and analysis of Curie-Weiss behavior at high temperature. At low concentrations of terbium, below 35%, long range order is no longer present and a spin-glass-like state emerges. This state is studied through various measurements, dc and ac susceptibility, resistivity, and specific heat. This magnetic behavior was then compared to that of other well characterized spin glasses. It is concluded that there is a region of concentration s for which a spin
Characterization of the Dilute Ising Antiferromagnet
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wiener, Timothy [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
2000-09-12
A spin glass is a magnetic ground state in which ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions compete, thereby creating frustration and a multidegenerate state with no long range order. An Ising system is a system where the spins are constrained to lie parallel or antiparallel to a primary axis. There has been much theoretical interest in the past ten years in the effects of applying a magnetic field transverse to the primary axis in an Ising spin glass at low temperatures and thus study phase transitions at the T=0 limit. The focus of this study is to search for and characterize a new Ising spin glass system. This is accomplished by site diluting yttrium for terbium in the crystalline material TbNi_{2}Ge_{2}. The first part of this work gives a brief overview of the physics of rare earth magnetism and an overview of experimental characteristics of spin glasses. This is followed by the methodology used to manufacture the large single crystals used in this study, as well as the measurement techniques used. Next, a summary of the results of magnetic measurements on across the dilution series from pure terbium to pure yttrium is presented. This is followed by detailed measurements on particular dilutions which demonstrate spin glass behavior. Pure TbNi_{2}Ge_{2} is an Ising antiferromagnet with a several distinct metamagnetic states below 17 K. As the terbium is alloyed with yttrium, these magnetic states are weakened in a consistent manner, as is seen in measurements of the transition temperatures and analysis of Curie-Weiss behavior at high temperature. At low concentrations of terbium, below 35%, long range order is no longer present and a spin-glass-like state emerges. This state is studied through various measurements, dc and ac susceptibility, resistivity, and specific heat. This magnetic behavior was then compared to that of other well characterized spin glasses. It is concluded that there is a region of
Holes in Heisenberg antiferromagnets
Chen, Yang
1990-05-01
In this Brief Report we show that a recent model proposed by Shankar [Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 203 (1989)], describing the motion of holes in quantum antiferromagnets is equivalent to the Schwinger model [Phys. Rev. 128, 2425 (1962)] in 1+1 dimensions. Some exact results are deduced. In addition to the superconducting long-range order found by Shankar, it is shown that there is a 2pF hole density wave existing with the superconducting pairing instability.
Disappearance of static magnetic order and evolution of spin fluctuations in Fe_{1+δ}Se_{x}Te_{1-x}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Xu, Zhijun [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); City College of New York, NY (United States); Wen, Jinsheng [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Xu, Guangyong [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Jie, Qing [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lin, Zhiwei [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Li, Qiang [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Chi, Songxue [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Singh, D. K. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Gu, Genda [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Tranquada, John M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
2010-09-29
We report neutron-scattering studies on static magnetic orders and spin excitations in the Fe-based chalcogenide system Fev Se_{1+δ} Te_{1-x} with different Fe and Se compositions. Short-range static magnetic order with an in-plane wave vector near the (0.5,0) (using the two-Fe unit cell), together with strong low-energy magnetic excitations is found in all nonsuperconducting samples for Se doping up to 45%. When the static order disappears and bulk superconductivity emerges, the spectral weight of the magnetic excitations shifts to the region of reciprocal space near the in-plane wave vector (0.5, 0.5), corresponding to “collinear” spin correlations. Our results suggest that there is a strong correlation between superconductivity and the character of the magnetic order/fluctuations in this system. Excess Fe appears to be important for stabilizing the magnetic order that competes with superconductivity.
Switching of antiferromagnetic chains with magnetic pulses
Tao, Kun; Polyakov, Oleg P.; Stepanyuk, Valeri S.
2016-04-01
Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the possibility of information storage in short antiferromagnetic chains on an insulator substrate [S. Loth et al., Science 335, 196 (2012), 10.1126/science.1214131]. Here, using the density functional theory and atomistic spin dynamics simulations, we show that a local magnetic control of such chains with a magnetic tip and magnetic pulses can be used for fast switching of their magnetization. Furthermore, by changing the position of the tip one can engineer the magnetization dynamics of the chains.
Modulated Spin Liquid and Magnetic Order from a Kondo-Heisenberg model applied to $URu_{2}Si_{2}$
Montiel, Xavier; Burdin, Sébastien; Pépin, Catherine; Ferraz, Alvaro
2013-01-01
International audience; Using the Kondo-Heisenberg model framework, we analyze the effect of charge fluctuations in the modulated spin liquid (MSL) and in the antiferromagnetic (AF) ordering which were introduced by Pépin et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 106601 (2011)] and Thomas et al. [Phys. Rev. B 87, 014422 (2013)]. Coupling the spin liquid to the charge sector enables us to discuss the formation of the Kondo effect in this system. As a result, we are able to observe the emergence of two pha...
Antiferromagnetic hedgehogs with superconducting cores
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goldbart, P.M.; Sheehy, D.E. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)
1998-09-01
Excitations of the antiferromagnetic state that resemble antiferromagnetic hedgehogs at large distances but are predominantly superconducting inside a core region are discussed within the context of Zhang{close_quote}s SO(5)-symmetry-based approach to the physics of high-temperature superconducting materials. Nonsingular, in contrast with their hedgehog cousins in pure antiferromagnetism, these texture excitations are what hedgehogs become when the antiferromagnetic order parameter is permitted to {open_quotes}escape{close_quotes} into superconducting directions. The structure of such excitations is determined in a simple setting, and a number of their experimental implications are examined. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}
Relativistic Néel-Order Fields Induced by Electrical Current in Antiferromagnets
Železný, J.
2014-10-06
We predict that a lateral electrical current in antiferromagnets can induce nonequilibrium Néel-order fields, i.e., fields whose sign alternates between the spin sublattices, which can trigger ultrafast spin-axis reorientation. Based on microscopic transport theory calculations we identify staggered current-induced fields analogous to the intraband and to the intrinsic interband spin-orbit fields previously reported in ferromagnets with a broken inversion-symmetry crystal. To illustrate their rich physics and utility, we consider bulk Mn2Au with the two spin sublattices forming inversion partners, and a 2D square-lattice antiferromagnet with broken structural inversion symmetry modeled by a Rashba spin-orbit coupling. We propose an antiferromagnetic memory device with electrical writing and reading.
Antiferromagnetic proximity effect in epitaxial CoO/NiO/MgO(001) systems.
Li, Q; Liang, J H; Luo, Y M; Ding, Z; Gu, T; Hu, Z; Hua, C Y; Lin, H-J; Pi, T W; Kang, S P; Won, C; Wu, Y Z
2016-03-02
Magnetic proximity effect between two magnetic layers is an important focus of research for discovering new physical properties of magnetic systems. Antiferromagnets (AFMs) are fundamental systems with magnetic ordering and promising candidate materials in the emerging field of antiferromagnetic spintronics. However, the magnetic proximity effect between antiferromagnetic bilayers is rarely studied because detecting the spin orientation of AFMs is challenging. Using X-ray linear dichroism and magneto-optical Kerr effect measurements, we investigated antiferromagnetic proximity effects in epitaxial CoO/NiO/MgO(001) systems. We found the antiferromagnetic spin of the NiO underwent a spin reorientation transition from in-plane to out-of-plane with increasing NiO thickness, with the existence of vertical exchange spring spin alignment in thick NiO. More interestingly, the Néel temperature of the CoO layer was greatly enhanced by the adjacent NiO layer, with the extent of the enhancement closely dependent on the spin orientation of NiO layer. This phenomenon was attributed to different exchange coupling strengths at the AFM/AFM interface depending on the relative spin directions. Our results indicate a new route for modifying the spin configuration and ordering temperature of AFMs through the magnetic proximity effect near room temperature, which should further benefit the design of AFM spintronic devices.
Onset of antiferromagnetism in heavy-fermion metals
Schroder; Aeppli; Coldea; Adams; Stockert; v. Lohneysen H; Bucher; Ramazashvili; Coleman
2000-09-21
There are two main theoretical descriptions of antiferromagnets. The first arises from atomic physics, which predicts that atoms with unpaired electrons develop magnetic moments. In a solid, the coupling between moments on nearby ions then yields antiferromagnetic order at low temperatures. The second description, based on the physics of electron fluids or 'Fermi liquids' states that Coulomb interactions can drive the fluid to adopt a more stable configuration by developing a spin density wave. It is at present unknown which view is appropriate at a 'quantum critical point' where the antiferromagnetic transition temperature vanishes. Here we report neutron scattering and bulk magnetometry measurements of the metal CeCu(6-x)Au(x), which allow us to discriminate between the two models. We find evidence for an atomically local contribution to the magnetic correlations which develops at the critical gold concentration (x(c) = 0.1), corresponding to a magnetic ordering temperature of zero. This contribution implies that a Fermi-liquid-destroying spin-localizing transition, unanticipated from the spin density wave description, coincides with the antiferromagnetic quantum critical point.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Snoek, M; Titvinidze, I; Toeke, C; Hofstetter, W [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet, 60438 Frankfurt/Main (Germany); Byczuk, K [Theoretical Physics III, Center for Electronic Correlations and Magnetism, Institute for Physics, University of Augsburg, 86135 Augsburg (Germany)], E-mail: snoek@itp.uni-frankfurt.de
2008-09-15
We apply dynamical mean-field theory to strongly interacting fermions in an inhomogeneous environment. With the help of this real-space dynamical mean-field theory (R-DMFT) we investigate antiferromagnetic states of repulsively interacting fermions with spin1/2 in a harmonic potential. Within R-DMFT, antiferromagnetic order is found to be stable in spatial regions with total particle density close to one, but persists also in parts of the system where the local density significantly deviates from half filling. In systems with spin imbalance, we find that antiferromagnetism is gradually suppressed and phase separation emerges beyond a critical value of the spin imbalance.
From Spin Glass to Spin Liquid Ground States in Pyrochlore Molybdates
Clark, Lucy
Magnetic pyrochlores continue to generate intense interest due to the wealth of interesting behaviours that they can display as a result of their highly frustrated nature. Here we will present our study of the molybdate pyrochlore Lu2Mo2O7, which contains non-magnetic Lu3+ and an antiferromagnetic network of corner-sharing tetrahedra of Mo4+ 4d2 S = 1 ions. Magnetic susceptibility data show that Lu2Mo2O7 enters an unconventional spin glass state at Tf ~ 16 K that displays a quadratic dependence of the low temperature magnetic heat capacity, akin to that observed for its well-studied sister compound Y2Mo2O7. This spin glass transition is also clearly marked in our inelastic (CNCS, SNS) and diffuse elastic magnetic (D7, ILL) neutron scattering data. Furthermore, we will show that it is possible to topochemically substitute the oxide, O2-, ions within Lu2Mo2O7 for nitride, N3-, to produce an oxynitride molybdate pyrochlore of composition Lu2Mo2O5N2. Magnetic susceptibility measurements confirm that strong antiferromagnetic correlations persist within the oxynitride, which contains Mo5+ 4d1 S =1/2 ions and is thus a prime candidate to host exotic quantum spin liquid behavior. We will discuss how the enhanced quantum spin fluctuations in Lu2Mo2O5N2 appear to suppress the spin freezing transition observed in its parent oxide and instead support the formation of a gapless spin liquid phase that displays a linear dependence of the low temperature magnetic heat capacity.
Antiferromagnetic phase diagram of the cuprate superconductors
Nunes, L. H. C. M.; Teixeira, A. W.; Marino, E. C.
2017-02-01
Taking the spin-fermion model as the starting point for describing the cuprate superconductors, we obtain an effective nonlinear sigma-field hamiltonian, which takes into account the effect of doping in the system. We obtain an expression for the spin-wave velocity as a function of the chemical potential. For appropriate values of the parameters we determine the antiferromagnetic phase diagram for the YBa2Cu3O6+x compound as a function of the dopant concentration in good agreement with the experimental data. Furthermore, our approach provides a unified description for the phase diagrams of the hole-doped and the electron doped compounds, which is consistent with the remarkable similarity between the phase diagrams of these compounds, since we have obtained the suppression of the antiferromagnetic phase as the modulus of the chemical potential increases. The aforementioned result then follows by considering positive values of the chemical potential related to the addition of holes to the system, while negative values correspond to the addition of electrons.
Correlated impurities and intrinsic spin-liquid physics in the kagome material herbertsmithite
Han, Tian-Heng; Norman, M. R.; Wen, J.-J.; Rodriguez-Rivera, Jose A.; Helton, Joel S.; Broholm, Collin; Lee, Young S.
2016-08-01
Low energy inelastic neutron scattering on single crystals of the kagome spin-liquid compound ZnCu3(OD) 6Cl2 (herbertsmithite) reveals antiferromagnetic correlations between impurity spins for energy transfers ℏ ω kagome spins. The low energy fluctuations are characterized by diffuse scattering near wave vectors (100) and (00 3/2 ), which is consistent with antiferromagnetic correlations between pairs of nearest-neighbor Cu impurities on adjacent triangular (Zn) interlayers. The corresponding impurity lattice resembles a simple cubic lattice in the dilute limit below the percolation threshold. Such an impurity model can describe prior neutron, NMR, and specific heat data. The low energy neutron data are consistent with the presence of a small spin gap (Δ ˜0.7 meV ) in the kagome layers, similar to that recently observed by NMR. The ability to distinguish the scattering due to Cu impurities from that of the planar kagome Cu spins provides an important avenue for probing intrinsic spin-liquid physics.
Electrical switching of an antiferromagnet.
Wadley, P; Howells, B; Železný, J; Andrews, C; Hills, V; Campion, R P; Novák, V; Olejník, K; Maccherozzi, F; Dhesi, S S; Martin, S Y; Wagner, T; Wunderlich, J; Freimuth, F; Mokrousov, Y; Kuneš, J; Chauhan, J S; Grzybowski, M J; Rushforth, A W; Edmonds, K W; Gallagher, B L; Jungwirth, T
2016-02-05
Antiferromagnets are hard to control by external magnetic fields because of the alternating directions of magnetic moments on individual atoms and the resulting zero net magnetization. However, relativistic quantum mechanics allows for generating current-induced internal fields whose sign alternates with the periodicity of the antiferromagnetic lattice. Using these fields, which couple strongly to the antiferromagnetic order, we demonstrate room-temperature electrical switching between stable configurations in antiferromagnetic CuMnAs thin-film devices by applied current with magnitudes of order 10(6) ampere per square centimeter. Electrical writing is combined in our solid-state memory with electrical readout and the stored magnetic state is insensitive to and produces no external magnetic field perturbations, which illustrates the unique merits of antiferromagnets for spintronics.
Revealing the properties of Mn2Au for antiferromagnetic spintronics.
Barthem, V M T S; Colin, C V; Mayaffre, H; Julien, M-H; Givord, D
2013-01-01
The continuous reduction in size of spintronic devices requires the development of structures, which are insensitive to parasitic external magnetic fields, while preserving the magnetoresistive signals of existing systems based on giant or tunnel magnetoresistance. This could be obtained in tunnel anisotropic magnetoresistance structures incorporating an antiferromagnetic, instead of a ferromagnetic, material. To turn this promising concept into real devices, new magnetic materials with large spin-orbit effects must be identified. Here we demonstrate that Mn2Au is not a Pauli paramagnet as hitherto believed but an antiferromagnet with Mn moments of ~4 μB. The particularly large strength of the exchange interactions leads to an extrapolated Néel temperature well above 1,000 K, so that ground-state magnetic properties are essentially preserved up to room temperature and above. Combined with the existence of a significant in-plane anisotropy, this makes Mn2Au the most promising material for antiferromagnetic spintronics identified so far.
Reversible optical switching of antiferromagnetism in TbMnO3
Manz, Sebastian; Matsubara, Masakazu; Lottermoser, Thomas; Büchi, Jonathan; Iyama, Ayato; Kimura, Tsuyoshi; Meier, Dennis; Fiebig, Manfred
2016-10-01
Lasers can be used to control the magnetization of a ferromagnet via optically driven thermal and electronic excitation. Transfer of this concept to antiferromagnets is appealing because of the increasing technological interest in antiferromagnetism. Controlling spin structures in antiferromagnets is challenging, however, because of their zero magnetization. In a proof-of-principle experiment we demonstrate that optical control of antiferromagnetic domains is nevertheless possible. We reverse the antiferromagnetic order parameter in multiferroic TbMnO3 repeatedly, using light pulses of two different colours. Switching depends on a unique relation between the wavelength of the light, its optical absorption and the electric polarization field induced by the antiferromagnetic order of TbMnO3. We then demonstrate sequential laser-controlled writing and erasure of antiferromagnetic domains. The universality of reversible optical antiferromagnetic switching is derived by Monte Carlo simulations. Opto-magnetism is thus complemented by an important degree of freedom, namely local control of antiferromagnetism by means of light.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zhang, N.G.; Henley, C.L.; Rischel, C.;
2002-01-01
We study the low-lying eigenenergy clustering patterns of quantum antiferromagnets with p sublattices (in particular p = 4). We treat each sublattice as a large spin, and using second-order degenerate perturbation theory, we derive the effective (biquadratic) Hamiltonian coupling the p large spins....... In order to compare with exact diagonalizations, the Hamiltonian is explicitly written for a finite-size lattice, and it contains information on energies of excited states as well as the ground state. The result is applied to the face-centered-cubic Type-I antiferromagnet of spin 1/2, including second...
Supersymmetry protected topological phases of isostatic lattices and kagome antiferromagnets
Lawler, Michael J.
2016-10-01
I generalize the theory of phonon topological band structures of isostatic lattices to frustrated antiferromagnets. I achieve this with a discovery of a many-body supersymmetry (SUSY) in the phonon problem of balls and springs and its connection to local constraints satisfied by ground states. The Witten index of the SUSY model demands the Maxwell-Calladine index of mechanical structures. "Spontaneous supersymmetry breaking" is identified as the need to gap all modes in the bulk to create the topological isostatic lattice state. Since ground states of magnetic systems also satisfy local constraint conditions (such as the vanishing of the total spin on a triangle), I identify a similar SUSY structure for many common models of antiferromagnets including the square, triangluar, kagome, pyrochlore nearest-neighbor antiferromagnets, and the J2=J1/2 square-lattice antiferromagnet. Remarkably, the kagome family of antiferromagnets is the analog of topological isostatic lattices among this collection of models. Thus, a solid-state realization of the theory of phonon topological band structure may be found in frustrated magnetic materials.
The peak effect (PE) region of the antiferromagnetic two layer Ising nanographene
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Şarlı, Numan, E-mail: numansarli82@gmail.com [Institute of Science, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey); Akbudak, Salih [Department of Physics, Adiyaman University, 02100 Adiyaman (Turkey); Department of Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Ellialtıoğlu, Mehmet Recai [Department of Physics Engineering, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey)
2014-11-01
In this work, the magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic two layer spin-1/2 Ising nanographene systems are investigated within the effective field theory. We find that the magnetizations and the hysteresis behaviors of the central graphene atoms are similar to those of the edge graphene atoms in the ferromagnetic case. But, they are quite different in the antiferromagnetic case. The antiferromagnetic central graphene atoms exhibit type II superconductivity and they have triple hysteresis loop. The peak effect (PE) region is observed on the hysteresis curves of the antiferromagnetic Ising nanographene system. Therefore, we suggest that there is a strong relationship between the antiferromagnetism and the peak effect. Our results are in agreement with some experimental works in recent literature.
Half-metallic antiferromagnet as a prospective material for spintronics.
Hu, X
2012-01-10
Spintronics is expected as the next-generation technology based on the novel notch of spin degree of freedom of electrons. Half-metals, a class of materials which behave as a metal in one spin direction and an insulator in the opposite spin direction, are ideal for spintronic applications. Half-metallic antiferromagnets as a subclass of half-metals are characterized further by totally compensated spin moments in a unit cell, and have the advantage of being able to generate fully spin-polarized current while exhibiting zero macroscopic magnetization. Considerable efforts have been devoted to the search for this novel material, from which we may get useful insights for prospective material exploration.
Magnetic fluctuations in Eu2BaZnxNi1-xO5 Haldane systems
van Lierop, J.; Voyer, C. J.; Shendruk, T. N.; Ryan, D. H.; Cadogan, J. M.; Cranswick, L.
2006-05-01
The Ni2+ ions in Eu2BaNiO5 form antiferromagnetic Heisenberg S=1 chains with a Haldane gap. Replacing Ni2+ with Zn2+ decreases the average Ni2+ chain length. Eu151 and Eu153 Mössbauer spectroscopy have been used to study the chain length dependence of the magnetism in Eu2BaZnxNi1-xO5 with x=0,0.05 , and 0.1. Using exchange-induced Eu3+ moments these independent and complementary local probes of the magnetism reveal that the chain moments undergo temperature dependent fluctuations where shorter chain lengths exhibit faster fluctuations at any given temperature. The Eu3+ antiferromagnetic order is established at TN˜5K , independent of the Ni2+ chain length. Thermally activated moment fluctuations are observed above TN . Chain cutting increases the molecular exchange field of the Ni2+ on the Eu3+ and indicates a polarization of Ni2+ interdimer coupling in the quantum spin chains.
Spin-disordered superfluid state for spin-1 bosons with fractional spin and statistics
2002-01-01
We study a strongly correlated spin-1 Bose gas in 2D space by using the projective construction. A spin-disordered superfluid state is constructed and proposed as a candidate competing with the conventional polar condensate when interaction is antiferromagnetic. This novel state has a non-trivial topological order whose low energy excitations carry fractional spin, charge, and statistics. The spin excitations become gapless only at the edge and are described by level-1 SU(2) Kac-Moody algebra...
Exchange biasing single molecule magnets: coupling of TbPc2 to antiferromagnetic layers.
Lodi Rizzini, A; Krull, C; Balashov, T; Mugarza, A; Nistor, C; Yakhou, F; Sessi, V; Klyatskaya, S; Ruben, M; Stepanow, S; Gambardella, P
2012-11-14
We investigate the possibility to induce exchange bias between single molecule magnets (SMM) and metallic or oxide antiferromagnetic substrates. Element-resolved X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements reveal, respectively, the presence and absence of unidirectional exchange anisotropy for TbPc(2) SMM deposited on antiferromagnetic Mn and CoO layers. TbPc(2) deposited on Mn thin films present magnetic hysteresis and a negative horizontal shift of the Tb magnetization loop after field cooling, consistent with the observation of pinned spins in the Mn layer coupled parallel to the Tb magnetic moment. Conversely, molecules deposited on CoO substrates present paramagnetic magnetization loops with no indication of exchange bias. These experiments demonstrate the ability of SMM to polarize the pinned uncompensated spins of an antiferromagnet during field-cooling and realize metal-organic exchange-biased heterostructures using antiferromagnetic pinning layers.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jiang Qing; Zhong Chonggui
2002-12-30
Soft-mode theory based on DIFFOUR model for ferroelectric interaction and the mean-field theory of high spin Ising model for antiferromagnetic interaction are used to investigate the ferroelectric, antiferromagnetic, magnetoelectric properties in ferroelectromagnetic lattice in which the ferroelectric order and antiferromagnetic order coexist simultaneously below a certain temperature. Ferroelectric polarization, spin moment, and magnetoelectric susceptibility as well, as a function of temperature for system, are calculated and compared with the different coupling coefficient. It is found that an anomaly appears in curve of the polarization susceptibility as a function of temperature due to the coupling between the ferroelectric and antiferromagnetic orders in the ferroelectromagnetic lattice. At the same time, we also considered the influence of magnetoelectric effect on polarization susceptibility by applying the external field including electric and magnetic.
Resonating Valence Bond states for low dimensional S=1 antiferromagnets
Liu, Zheng-Xin; Zhou, Yi; Ng, Tai-Kai
2014-03-01
We study S = 1 spin liquid states in low dimensions. We show that the resonating-valence-bond (RVB) picture of S = 1 / 2 spin liquid state can be generalized to S = 1 case. For S = 1 system, a many-body singlet (with even site number) can be decomposed into superposition of products of two-body singlets. In other words, the product states of two-body singlets, called the singlet pair states (SPSs), are over complete to span the Hilbert space of many-body singlets. Furthermore, we generalized fermionic representation and the corresponding mean field theory and Gutzwiller projected stats to S = 1 models. We applied our theory to study 1D anti-ferromagnetic bilinear-biquadratic model and show that both the ground states (including the phase transition point) and the excited states can be understood excellently well within the framework. Our method can be applied to 2D S = 1 antiferromagnets.
Kawamura, Hikaru; Arimori, Takuya
2002-02-18
Ordering of the geometrically frustrated two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore slab is studied by Monte Carlo simulations. In contrast to the kagomé Heisenberg antiferromagnet, the model exhibits locally noncoplanar spin structures at low temperatures, bearing nontrivial chiral degrees of freedom. Under certain conditions, the model exhibits a novel Kosterlitz-Thouless-type transition at a finite temperature associated with these chiral degrees of freedom.
Evidence for a bicritical point in the XXZ Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a simple cubic lattice.
Selke, Walter
2011-04-01
The classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet with uniaxial exchange anisotropy (XXZ model) in a field on a simple cubic lattice is studied with the help of extensive Monte Carlo simulations. We analyze, in particular, various staggered susceptibilities and Binder cumulants and present clear evidence for the triple point of the antiferromagnetic, spin-flop, and paramagnetic phases being a bicritical point with Heisenberg symmetry. Results are compared to previous predictions applying various theoretical approaches.
Neutron Scattering Studies of Antiferromagnetic Correlations in Cuprates
Tranquada, John M.
2005-01-01
Neutron scattering studies have provided important information about the momentum and energy dependence of magnetic excitations in cuprate superconductors. Of particular interest are the recent indications of a universal magnetic excitation spectrum in hole-doped cuprates. That starting point provides motivation for reviewing the antiferromagnetic state of the parent insulators, and the destruction of the ordered state by hole doping. The nature of spin correlations in stripe-ordered phases i...
Large-scale numerical investigations of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg icosidodecahedron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ummethum, Joerg [Department of Physics, Bielefeld University, P.O. Box 100131, D-33501 Bielefeld (Germany); Schnack, Juergen, E-mail: jschnack@uni-bielefeld.de [Department of Physics, Bielefeld University, P.O. Box 100131, D-33501 Bielefeld (Germany); Laeuchli, Andreas M. [Inst. f. Theoretische Physik, Innsbruck University, Technikerstr. 25, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria)
2013-02-15
We present up to date investigations of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg icosidodecahedron by means of the density matrix renormalization group method. We compare our results with modern correlator product state as well as Lanczos calculations. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Results of unprecedented accuracy for energies and correlation functions of a frustrated spin system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Relevance for a large set of magnetic molecules. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Demonstration of accuracy of DDMRG.
Polarized Neutron Reflectivity Simulation of Ferromagnet/ Antiferromagnet Thin Films
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Ki Yeon; Lee, Jeong Soo
2008-02-15
This report investigates the current simulating and fitting programs capable of calculating the polarized neutron reflectivity of the exchange-biased ferromagnet/antiferromagnet magnetic thin films. The adequate programs are selected depending on whether nonspin flip and spin flip reflectivities of magnetic thin films and good user interface are available or not. The exchange-biased systems such as Fe/Cr, Co/CoO, CoFe/IrMn/Py thin films have been simulated successfully with selected programs.
Two-step flux penetration in classic antiferromagnetic superconductor
Krzyszton, T.; Rogacki, K.
2001-01-01
The influence of antiferromagnetic order on the mixed state of a superconductor may result in creation of spin-flop domains along vortices. This may happen when an external magnetic field is strong enough to flip over magnetic moments in the vortex core from their ground state configuration. The formation of domain structure causes modification of the surface energy barrier, and creation of the new state in which magnetic flux density is independent of the applied field. The modified surface ...
Gossamer superconductivity near antiferromagnetic Mott insulator in layered organic conductors.
Gan, J Y; Chen, Yan; Su, Z B; Zhang, F C
2005-02-18
Layered organic superconductors are on the verge of the Mott insulator. We use the Gutzwiller variational method to study a two-dimensional Hubbard model including a spin exchange coupling term as a minimal model for the compounds. The ground state is found to be a Gossamer superconductor at small on-site Coulomb repulsion U and an antiferromagnetic Mott insulator at large U, separated by a first order phase transition. Our theory is qualitatively consistent with major experiments reported in organic superconductors.
Watanabe, Tadataka; Hara, Shigeo; Ikeda, Shin-Ichi; Tomiyasu, Keisuke
2011-07-01
Ultrasound velocity measurements of the orbitally frustrated spinel GeCo2O4 reveal unique elastic anomalies within the antiferromagnetic phase. Temperature dependence of shear moduli exhibits a minimum within the antiferromagnetic phase, suggesting the coupling of shear acoustic phonons to molecular spin-orbit excitations. Magnetic-field dependence of elastic moduli exhibits diplike anomalies, being interpreted as magnetic-field-induced metamagnetic and structural transitions. These elastic anomalies suggest that the survival of geometrical frustration, and the interplay of spin, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom evoke a set of phenomena in the antiferromagnetic phase.
Spin dynamics in weakly and strongly interacting NiO nanoparticles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bahl, Christian Robert Haffenden; Lefmann, Kim; Kuhn, Luise Theil;
2006-01-01
The spin dynamics of plate-shaped nanoparticles of NiO has been studied by inelastic neutron scattering and Mossbauer spectroscopy. A value of the in-plane anisotropy energy constant significantly larger than the bulk value has been measured. The temperature and field dependence of the energy...... of the antiferromagnetic resonance mode associated with this in-plane anisotropy has been studied. Both Mossbauer spectroscopy and neutron scattering data show that the magnetic fluctuations are strongly affected by the strength of interparticle interactions....
Landau model for the multiferroic delafossite antiferromagnets
Ribeiro, J. L.; Perez-Mato, J. M.; Vieira, L. G.
2016-10-01
A symmetry based framework is used to describe the complex phase diagrams observed in the multiferroic delafossite compounds. A free energy Landau functional is derived from the analysis of the transformation properties of the most general incommensurate magnetic spin order parameter. A principle of maximal symmetry is invoked and the stability of each of the different higher symmetry phases considered. The competition between different potential ground states is analysed within the scope of a simplified model, which emphasizes the role of the symmetry allowed phase dependent biquadratic couplings. The cross-over between the different competing states is also discussed. The results show that the diverse set of phase diagrams that are experimentally observed in this class of triangular lattice antiferromagnets and, in particular, the stabilization of magnetically induced ferroelectric states, can be well interpreted and described within this integrated phenomenological approximation.
Dynamic rotor mode in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lefmann, Kim; Jacobsen, H.; Garde, J.;
2015-01-01
. The frequency of the rotor mode behaves in fair agreement with a simple analytical model, based on a high-temperature approximation of the generally accepted Hamiltonian of the system. The extracted model parameters, such as the magnetic interaction and the axial anisotropy, are in excellent agreement......We present experimental, numerical, and theoretical evidence for an unusual mode of antiferromagnetic dynamics in nanoparticles. Elastic neutron scattering experiments on 8-nm particles of hematite display a loss of diffraction intensity with temperature, the intensity vanishing around 150 K...... measured neutron data and reveal that thermally activated spin canting gives rise to an unusual type of coherent magnetic precession mode. This "rotor" mode can be seen as a high-temperature version of superparamagnetism and is driven by exchange interactions between the two magnetic sublattices...
Dynamical Structure Factors of quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnets
Hagemans, Rob; Caux, Jean-Sébastien; Maillet, Jean Michel
2007-03-01
For a long time it has been impossible to accurately calculate the dynamical structure factors (spin-spin correlators as a function of momentum and energy) of quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnets. For integrable Heisenberg chains, the recently developed ABACUS method (a first-principles computational approach based on the Bethe Ansatz) now yields highly accurate (over 99% of the sum rule) results for the DSF for finite chains, allowing for a very precise description of neutron-scattering data over the full momentum and energy range. We show remarkable agreement between results obtained with ABACUS and experiment.
Propagation and ghosts in the classical kagome antiferromagnet.
Robert, J; Canals, B; Simonet, V; Ballou, R
2008-09-12
We investigate the classical spin dynamics of the kagome antiferromagnet by combining Monte Carlo and spin dynamics simulations. We show that this model has two distinct low temperature dynamical regimes, both sustaining propagative modes. The expected gauge invariance type of the low energy, low temperature, out-of-plane excitations is also evidenced in the nonlinear regime. A detailed analysis of the excitations allows us to identify ghosts in the dynamical structure factor, i.e., propagating excitations with a strongly reduced spectral weight. We argue that these dynamical extinction rules are of geometrical origin.
Magnetocaloric effect in quantum spin-s chains
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Honecker
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We compute the entropy of antiferromagnetic quantum spin-s chains in an external magnetic field using exact diagonalization and Quantum Monte Carlo simulations. The magnetocaloric effect, i. e., temperature variations during adiabatic field changes, can be derived from the isentropes. First, we focus on the example of the spin-s=1 chain and show that one can cool by closing the Haldane gap with a magnetic field. We then move to quantum spin-s chains and demonstrate linear scaling with s close to the saturation field. In passing, we propose a new method to compute many low-lying excited states using the Lanczos recursion.
Del Maestro, Adrian; Gingras, Michel J. P.
2007-08-01
The Gd2Sn2O7 pyrochlore Heisenberg antiferromagnet displays a phase transition to a four sublattice Néel ordered state at a critical temperature Tc˜1K . The low-temperature state found via neutron scattering corresponds to that predicted by a classical model that considers nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic exchange and long-range dipolar interactions. Despite the seemingly conventional nature of the ordered state, the specific heat Cv has been found to be described in the temperature range 350mK⩽T⩽800mK by an anomalous power law Cv˜T2 . A similar temperature dependence of Cv has also been reported for Gd2Ti2O7 , another pyrochlore Heisenberg material. Such behavior is to be contrasted with the typical T3 behavior expected for a three-dimensional antiferromagnet with conventional long-range order which is then generally accompanied by an exp(-Δ/T) behavior at lower temperature where anisotropy effects induce a gap Δ to collective spin excitations. Such anomalous T2 behavior in Cv has been argued to be correlated to an unusual energy dependence of the density of states which also seemingly manifests itself in low-temperature spin fluctuations found in muon spin relaxation experiments. In this paper, we report calculations of Cv that consider spin-wave-like excitations out of the Néel order observed in Gd2Sn2O7 via neutron scattering. We argue that the parametric Cv∝T2 does not reflect the true low-energy excitations of Gd2Sn2O7 . Rather, we find that the low-energy excitations of this material are antiferromagnetic magnons gapped by single-ion and dipolar anisotropy effects, and that the lowest temperature of 350mK considered in previous specific heat measurements accidentally happens to coincide with a crossover temperature below which magnons become thermally activated and Cv takes an exponential form. We argue that further specific heat measurements that extend down to at least 100mK are required in order to ascribe an unconventional description of
Quasiparticle bandstructure of antiferromagnetic EuTe
Mathi Jaya, S.; Nolting, W.
1997-11-01
The temperature-dependent electronic quasiparticle spectrum of the antiferromagnetic semiconductor EuTe is derived by use of a combination of a many-body model procedure with a tight-binding - `linear muffin tin orbital' (TB - LMTO) band structure calculation. The central part is the d - f model for a single band electron (`test electron') being exchange coupled to the antiferromagnetically ordered localized moments of the Eu ions. The single-electron Bloch energies of the d - f model are taken from a TB - LMTO calculation for paramagnetic EuTe. The d - f model is evaluated by a recently proposed moment conserving Green function technique to get the temperature-dependent sublattice - quasiparticle bandstructure (S - QBS) and sublattice - quasiparticle density of states (S - QDOS) of the unoccupied 5d - 6s energy bands. Unconventional correlation effects and the appearance of characteristic quasiparticles (`magnetic polarons') are worked out in detail. The temperature dependence of the S - QDOS and S - QBS is mainly provoked by the spectral weights of the energy dispersions. Minority- and majority-spin spectra coincide for all temperatures but with different densities of states. Upon cooling from 0953-8984/9/47/012/img1 to T = 0 K the lower conduction band edge exhibits a small blue shift of -0.025 eV in accordance with the experiment. Quasiparticle damping manifesting itself in a temperature-dependent broadening of the spectral density peaks arises from spin exchange processes between (5d - 6s) conduction band electrons and localized 4f moments.
One-dimensional spinon spin currents
Hirobe, Daichi; Sato, Masahiro; Kawamata, Takayuki; Shiomi, Yuki; Uchida, Ken-Ichi; Iguchi, Ryo; Koike, Yoji; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saitoh, Eiji
2017-01-01
Quantum spin fluctuation in a low-dimensional or frustrated magnet breaks magnetic ordering while keeping spin correlation. Such fluctuation has been a central topic in magnetism because of its relevance to high-Tc superconductivity and topological states. However, utilizing such spin states has been quite difficult. In a one-dimensional spin-1/2 chain, a particle-like excitation called a spinon is known to be responsible for spin fluctuation in a paramagnetic state. Spinons behave as a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid at low energy, and the spin system is often called a quantum spin chain. Here we show that a quantum spin chain generates and carries spin current, which is attributed to spinon spin current. This is demonstrated by observing an anisotropic negative spin Seebeck effect along the spin chains in Sr2CuO3. The results show that spin current can flow even in an atomic channel owing to long-range spin fluctuation.
Electrical manipulation of ferromagnetic NiFe by antiferromagnetic IrMn
Tshitoyan, V.; Ciccarelli, C.; Mihai, A. P.; Ali, M.; Irvine, A. C.; Moore, T. A.; Jungwirth, T.; Ferguson, A. J.
2015-12-01
We demonstrate that an antiferromagnet can be employed for a highly efficient electrical manipulation of a ferromagnet. In our study, we use an electrical detection technique of the ferromagnetic resonance driven by an in-plane ac current in a NiFe/IrMn bilayer. At room temperature, we observe antidampinglike spin torque acting on the NiFe ferromagnet, generated by an in-plane current driven through the IrMn antiferromagnet. A large enhancement of the torque, characterized by an effective spin-Hall angle exceeding most heavy transition metals, correlates with the presence of the exchange-bias field at the NiFe/IrMn interface. It highlights that, in addition to the strong spin-orbit coupling, the antiferromagnetic order in IrMn governs the observed phenomenon.
Space Group Symmetry Fractionalization in a Chiral Kagome Heisenberg Antiferromagnet.
Zaletel, Michael P; Zhu, Zhenyue; Lu, Yuan-Ming; Vishwanath, Ashvin; White, Steven R
2016-05-13
The anyonic excitations of a spin liquid can feature fractional quantum numbers under space group symmetries. Detecting these fractional quantum numbers, which are analogs of the fractional charge of Laughlin quasiparticles, may prove easier than the direct observation of anyonic braiding and statistics. Motivated by the recent numerical discovery of spin-liquid phases in the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet, we theoretically predict the pattern of space group symmetry fractionalization in the kagome lattice SO(3)-symmetric chiral spin liquid. We provide a method to detect these fractional quantum numbers in finite-size numerics which is simple to implement in the density matrix renormalization group. Applying these developments to the chiral spin liquid phase of a kagome Heisenberg model, we find perfect agreement between our theoretical prediction and numerical observations.
Coherent spin mixing dynamics in thermal $^{87}$Rb spin-1 and spin-2 gases
He, Xiaodong; Li, Xiaoke; Wang, Fudong; Xu, Zhifang; Wang, Dajun
2015-01-01
We study the non-equilibrium coherent spin mixing dynamics in ferromagnetic spin-1 and antiferromagnetic spin-2 thermal gases of ultracold $^{87}$Rb atoms. Long lasting spin population oscillations with magnetic field dependent resonances are observed in both cases. Our observations are well reproduced by Boltzmann equations of the Wigner distribution function. Compared to the equation of motion of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates, the only difference here is a factor of two increase in the spin-dependent interaction, which is confirmed directly in the spin-2 case by measuring the relation between the oscillation amplitude and the sample's density.
Creation of an antiferromagnetic exchange spring
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Scholl, A.; Liberati, M.; Arenholz, E.; Ohldag, H.; Stohr, J.
2004-04-06
We present evidence for the creation of an exchange spring in an antiferromagnet due to exchange coupling to a ferromagnet. X-ray magnetic linear dichroism spectroscopy on single crystal Co/NiO(001) shows that a partial domain wall is wound up at the surface of the antiferromagnet when the adjacent ferromagnet is rotated by a magnetic field. We determine the interface exchange stiffness and the antiferromagnetic domain wall energy from the field dependence of the direction of the antiferromagnetic axis, the antiferromagnetic pendant to a ferromagnetic hysteresis loop. The existence of a planar antiferromagnetic domain wall, proven by our measurement, is a key assumption of most exchange bias models.
Magnetotransport of multiple-band nearly antiferromagnetic metals due to hot-spot scattering
Koshelev, A. E.
2016-09-01
Multiple-band electronic structure and proximity to antiferromagnetic (AF) instability are the key properties of iron-based superconductors. We explore the influence of scattering by the AF spin fluctuations on transport of multiple-band metals above the magnetic transition. A salient feature of scattering on the AF fluctuations is that it is strongly enhanced at the Fermi surface locations where the nesting is perfect ("hot spots" or "hot lines"). We review derivation of the collision integral for the Boltzmann equation due to AF-fluctuations scattering. In the paramagnetic state, the enhanced scattering rate near the hot lines leads to anomalous behavior of electronic transport in magnetic field. We explore this behavior by analytically solving the Boltzmann transport equation with approximate transition rates. This approach accounts for return scattering events and is more accurate than the relaxation-time approximation. The magnetic-field dependences are characterized by two very different field scales: the lower scale is set by the hot-spot width and the higher scale is set by the total scattering amplitude. A conventional magnetotransport behavior is limited to magnetic fields below the lower scale. In the wide range in-between these two scales, the longitudinal conductivity has linear dependence on the magnetic field and the Hall conductivity has quadratic dependence. The linear dependence of the diagonal component reflects growth of the Fermi-surface area affected by the hot spots proportional to the magnetic field. We discuss applicability of this theoretical framework for describing of anomalous magnetotransport properties in different iron pnictides and chalcogenides in the paramagnetic state.
Variational studies of exotic bose liquid, spin liquid, and magnetic phases
Tay, Tiamhock
The strong interest in strongly correlated systems in condensed matter physics has continued unabated for the past few decades. In recent years, the number of novel, exotic quantum phases found in theoretical studies has seen a phenomenal rise. Among those interesting quantum states are bose liquids and spin liquids, where strong quantum fluctuations have prevented the systems from developing a long range order. Our work in this thesis seeks to further the understanding of frustrated systems. In the study of a hard-core boson model with ring-only exchange interactions on a square lattice, we obtain concrete numerical realization of the unconventional Exciton Bose Liquid (EBL) phase, which possesses interesting properties such as a "Bose surface'' which resembles the Fermi surface in a metal, as well as unusual thermodynamic properties such as a T log T dependence for specific heat. An equally important result from this work is the demonstration that the widely used Gutzwiller projection on slave-particle wave functions may generally fail to capture the correct long wavelength physics in the respective systems. For the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice, which is a promising candidate for realizing a spin-disordered ground state, our variational study shows that the projected Schwinger boson wave function is energetically better than the Dirac spin liquid wave function when a small antiferromagnetic second-neighbor spin coupling is added to the nearest-neighbor model. We also study the anisotropic triangular Heisenberg antiferromagnetic in magnetic field, and find simple, yet accurate wave functions for various regions of the surprisingly rich phase diagram, thus providing insights into the energetics of the competing phases in this interesting model. Finally, our work also highlights permanent-type wave functions as potentially useful constructions in variational studies of systems with short-ranged correlations, e.g., a Mott insulator and a gapped
Large anomalous Hall effect in a half-Heusler antiferromagnet
Suzuki, T.; Chisnell, R.; Devarakonda, A.; Liu, Y.-T.; Feng, W.; Xiao, D.; Lynn, J. W.; Checkelsky, J. G.
2016-12-01
The quantum mechanical (Berry) phase of the electronic wavefunction plays a critical role in the anomalous and spin Hall effects, including their quantized limits. While progress has been made in understanding these effects in ferromagnets, less is known in antiferromagnetic systems. Here we present a study of antiferromagnet GdPtBi, whose electronic structure is similar to that of the topologically non-trivial HgTe (refs ,,), and where the Gd ions offer the possibility to tune the Berry phase via control of the spin texture. We show that this system supports an anomalous Hall angle ΘAH > 0.1, comparable to the largest observed in bulk ferromagnets and significantly larger than in other antiferromagnets. Neutron scattering measurements and electronic structure calculations suggest that this effect originates from avoided crossing or Weyl points that develop near the Fermi level due to a breaking of combined time-reversal and lattice symmetries. Berry phase effects associated with such symmetry breaking have recently been explored in kagome networks; our results extend this to half-Heusler systems with non-trivial band topology. The magnetic textures indicated here may also provide pathways towards realizing the topological insulating and semimetallic states predicted in this material class.
Antiferromagnetic Skyrmion: Stability, Creation and Manipulation
Zhang, Xichao; Zhou, Yan; Ezawa, Motohiko
2016-04-01
Magnetic skyrmions are particle-like topological excitations in ferromagnets, which have the topo-logical number Q = ± 1, and hence show the skyrmion Hall effect (SkHE) due to the Magnus force effect originating from the topology. Here, we propose the counterpart of the magnetic skyrmion in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) system, that is, the AFM skyrmion, which is topologically protected but without showing the SkHE. Two approaches for creating the AFM skyrmion have been described based on micromagnetic lattice simulations: (i) by injecting a vertical spin-polarized current to a nanodisk with the AFM ground state; (ii) by converting an AFM domain-wall pair in a nanowire junction. It is demonstrated that the AFM skyrmion, driven by the spin-polarized current, can move straightly over long distance, benefiting from the absence of the SkHE. Our results will open a new strategy on designing the novel spintronic devices based on AFM materials.
Shimizu, Yasuhiro; Hiramatsu, Takaaki; Maesato, Mitsuhiko; Otsuka, Akihiro; Yamochi, Hideki; Ono, Akihiro; Itoh, Masayuki; Yoshida, Makoto; Takigawa, Masashi; Yoshida, Yukihiro; Saito, Gunzi
2016-09-01
The effects of pressure on a quantum spin liquid are investigated in an organic Mott insulator κ -(ET )2Ag2 (CN )3 with a spin-1 /2 triangular lattice. The application of negative chemical pressure to κ -(ET )2Cu2 (CN )3 , which is a well-known sister Mott insulator, allows for extensive tuning of antiferromagnetic exchange coupling, with J /kB=175 - 310 K , under hydrostatic pressure. Based on 13C nuclear magnetic resonance measurements under pressure, we uncover universal scaling in the static and dynamic spin susceptibilities down to low temperatures ˜0.1 kBT /J . The persistent fluctuations and residual specific heat coefficient are consistent with the presence of gapless low-lying excitations. Our results thus demonstrate the fundamental finite-temperature properties of a quantum spin liquid in a wide parameter range.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Risdiana; Adachi, T.; Oki, N.; Yairi, S.; Tanabe, Y.; Omori, K. [Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-05 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Suzuki, T.; Watanabe, I. [Advanced Meson Science Laboratory, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako 351-0198 (Japan); Koda, A. [Muon Science Laboratory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK-IMSS), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Higemoto, W. [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), 2-4 Shirane, Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Koike, Y. [Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-05 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan)], E-mail: koike@teion.apph.tohoku.ac.jp
2007-09-01
Zero-field muon-spin-relaxation measurements have been carried out for La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}Cu{sub 1-y}Zn{sub y}O{sub 4} (LSCO) with y = 0-0.10 in the overdoped regime up to x = 0.30, in order to investigate whether the dynamical stripe correlations are pinned and stabilized even for the overdoped LSCO or not. It has been found that the Zn-induced slowing down of the Cu-spin fluctuations is weakened with increasing x but takes place in the overdoped regime and disappears at x = 0.30. This suggests that the stripe-pinning model holds good in the whole superconducting regime of LSCO and that there is no quantum critical point at x {approx} 0.19.
Two-site fluctuations and multipolar intersite exchange interactions in strongly correlated systems
Pourovskii, L. V.
2016-09-01
An approach is proposed for evaluating dipolar and multipolar intersite interactions in strongly correlated materials. This approach is based on the single-site dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) in conjunction with the atomic approximation for the local self-energy. Starting from the local-moment paramagnetic state described by DMFT, we derive intersite interactions by considering the response of the DMFT grand potential to small fluctuations of atomic configurations on two neighboring sites. The present method is validated by applying it to one-band and two-band eg Hubbard models on the simple-cubic 3 d lattice. It is also applied to study the spin-orbital order in the parent cubic structure of ternary chromium fluoride KCrF3. We obtain the onset of a G-type antiferro-orbital order at a significantly lower temperature compared to that in real distorted KCrF3. In contrast, its layered A-type antiferromagnetic order and Néel temperature are rather well reproduced. The calculated full Kugel-Khomskii Hamiltonian contains spin-orbital coupling terms inducing a misalignment in the antiferro-orbital order upon the onset of antiferromagnetism.
Antiferromagnetism in metals: from the cuprate superconductors to the heavy fermion materials.
Sachdev, Subir; Metlitski, Max A; Punk, Matthias
2012-07-25
The critical theory of the onset of antiferromagnetism in metals, with concomitant Fermi surface reconstruction, has recently been shown to be strongly coupled in two spatial dimensions. The onset of unconventional superconductivity near this critical point is reviewed: it involves a subtle interplay between the breakdown of fermionic quasiparticle excitations on the Fermi surface and the strong pairing glue provided by the antiferromagnetic fluctuations. The net result is a logarithm-squared enhancement of the pairing vertex for generic Fermi surfaces, with a universal dimensionless coefficient independent of the strength of interactions, which is expected to lead to superconductivity at the scale of the Fermi energy. We also discuss the possibility that the antiferromagnetic critical point can be replaced by an intermediate 'fractionalized Fermi liquid' phase, in which there is Fermi surface reconstruction but no long-range antiferromagnetic order. We discuss the relevance of this phase to the underdoped cuprates and the heavy fermion materials.
Susuki, Takuya; Kurita, Nobuyuki; Tanaka, Takuya; Nojiri, Hiroyuki; Matsuo, Akira; Kindo, Koichi; Tanaka, Hidekazu
2013-06-28
We have performed high-field magnetization and electronic spin resonance (ESR) measurements on Ba3CoSb2O9 single crystals, which approximates the two-dimensional (2D) S=1/2 triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet. For an applied magnetic field H parallel to the ab plane, the entire magnetization curve including the plateau at one-third of the saturation magnetization (Ms) is in excellent agreement with the results of theoretical calculations except a small step anomaly near (3/5)Ms, indicative of a theoretically undiscovered quantum phase transition. However, for H∥c, the magnetization curve exhibits a cusp near Ms/3 owing to the weak easy-plane anisotropy and the 2D quantum fluctuation. From a detailed analysis of the collective ESR modes observed in the ordered state, combined with the magnetization process, we have determined all the magnetic parameters including the interlayer and anisotropic exchange interactions.
Quantum Nucleation of Antiferromagnetic Bubbles with Tetragonal and Hexagonal Symmetries
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
PAN Hui; ZHU Jia-Lin; L(U) Rong
2004-01-01
We study the quantum nucleation in a nanometer-scale antiferromagnet placed in a magnetic field at an arbitrary angle. We consider the magnetocrystalline anisotropy with tetragonal symmetry and that with hexagonal symmetry, respectively. Different structures of the tunneling barriers can be generated by the magnitude and the orientation of the magnetic field. We use the instanton method in the spin-coherent-state path-integral representation to calculate the dependence of the rate of quantum nucleation and the crossover temperature on the orientation and strength of the field for bulk solids and two-dimensional films of antiferromagnets, respectively. We find that the rate of quantum nucleation and the crossover temperature from thermal-to-quantum transitions depend on the orientation and strength of the external magnetic field distinctly, which can be tested by use of existing experimental techniques.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zaharko, O.; Cervellino, A.; Tsurkan, V.
2010-01-01
Using neutron powder diffraction and Monte Carlo simulations we show that a spin-liquid regime emerges at all compositions in the diamond-lattice antiferromagnets Co(Al1−xCox)2O4. This spin-liquid regime induced by frustration due to the second-neighbor exchange coupling J2 is gradually superseded...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Deng, Xiao-Yan [Graduate School, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387 (China); Dou, Jun-Ya [Department of Physics, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387 (China); Liu, Guang-Hua, E-mail: liuguanghua@tjpu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387 (China)
2015-10-15
The magnetization process of a spin-1/2 J{sub 1}–J{sub 1}–J{sub 2}–J{sub 2} tetrameric Heisenberg chain is investigated by the infinite time-evolving block decimation (iTEBD) method. A magnetization phase diagram including three different phases, i.e., a fully polarized (FP) phase, a 1/2 plateau phase, and a spin-fluid (SF) phase, is obtained. All the quantum phase transitions (QPTs) are determined to belong to the second-order category, and the central charge in the critical SF phase equals 1. In addition, a 1/2 plateau phase also exists in the classical J{sub 1}–J{sub 1}–J{sub 2}–J{sub 2} tetrameric Ising chain. The F–F–AF–AF (or AF–AF–F–F) type longitudinal correlation is found to be important and necessary for the appearance of the 1/2 plateau state in both quantum and classical cases. - Highlights: • 1/2 magnetization plateau can be realized in both quantum and classical cases. • 1/2 plateau is characterized by constant magnetization, entanglement and correlation. • Central charge of the spin-fluid phase is determined to be 1. • F–F–AF–AF correlation is important for the appearance of the 1/2 plateau.
Spin-liquid behavior and weak static magnetism in pyrochlore Pr2Ir2O7
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Heffner, R H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maclaughlin, D E [NON LANL; Nakatsuji, S [NON LANL; Machida, Y [NON LANL
2008-01-01
Muon spin relaxation experiments have been performed in powder samples of the pyrochlore iridate Pr{sub 2}Ir{sub 2}O{sub 7} for temperatures in the range 0.02-250 K. Two-component muon spin relaxation functions are observed up to {approx}> 150 K, indicating static magnetism with a freezing temperature T{sub f} of this value or higher. The static muon spin relaxation rate {Delta}. suggests weak-moment freezing ({approx} 10{sup -1} {micro}{sub B} at T = 0), probably due to Ir{sup 4+} spin ordering as in isostructural Y{sub 2}Ir{sub 2}O{sub 7}. The temperature dependence of {Delta} is highly unusual, decreasing smoothly by orders of magnitude but remaining nonzero for T < T{sub f}. The smoothness of {Delta}(T) suggests that Pr{sup 3+} moments do not order down to 0.025 K. The dynamic relaxation rate {Lambda} increases markedly below {approx}20 K, indicating a shift of spin fluctuation noise power to low frequencies in the spin-liquid state. At low temperatures {Lambda} is strong and temperature-independent, indicative of numerous low-lying spin excitations as is common in frustrated antiferromagnets.
Phase diagram and spin correlations of the Kitaev-Heisenberg model: Importance of quantum effects
Gotfryd, Dorota; Rusnačko, Juraj; Wohlfeld, Krzysztof; Jackeli, George; Chaloupka, Jiří; Oleś, Andrzej M.
2017-01-01
We explore the phase diagram of the Kitaev-Heisenberg model with nearest neighbor interactions on the honeycomb lattice using the exact diagonalization of finite systems combined with the cluster mean field approximation, and supplemented by the insights from analytic approaches: the linear spin-wave and second-order perturbation theories. This study confirms that by varying the balance between the Heisenberg and Kitaev term, frustrated exchange interactions stabilize in this model either one of four phases with magnetic long range order: Néel phase, ferromagnetic phase, and two other phases with coexisting antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic bonds, zigzag and stripy phase, or one of two distinct spin-liquid phases. Out of these latter disordered phases, the one with ferromagnetic Kitaev interactions has a substantially broader range of stability as the neighboring competing ordered phases, ferromagnetic and stripy, have very weak quantum fluctuations. Focusing on the quantum spin-liquid phases, we study spatial spin correlations and dynamic spin structure factor of the model by the exact diagonalization technique, and discuss the evolution of gapped low-energy spin response across the quantum phase transitions between the disordered spin liquid and phases with long range magnetic order.
Liu, Cheng-Wei; Polkovnikov, Anatoli; Sandvik, Anders W
2015-04-10
We discuss an Ising spin glass where each S=1/2 spin is coupled antiferromagnetically to three other spins (3-regular graphs). Inducing quantum fluctuations by a time-dependent transverse field, we use out-of-equilibrium quantum Monte Carlo simulations to study dynamic scaling at the quantum glass transition. Comparing the dynamic exponent and other critical exponents with those of the classical (temperature-driven) transition, we conclude that quantum annealing is less efficient than classical simulated annealing in bringing the system into the glass phase. Quantum computing based on the quantum annealing paradigm is therefore inferior to classical simulated annealing for this class of problems. We also comment on previous simulations where a parameter is changed with the simulation time, which is very different from the true Hamiltonian dynamics simulated here.
Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning
Frandsen, Benjamin A.; Liu, Lian; Cheung, Sky C.; Guguchia, Zurab; Khasanov, Rustem; Morenzoni, Elvezio; Munsie, Timothy J. S.; Hallas, Alannah M.; Wilson, Murray N.; Cai, Yipeng; Luke, Graeme M.; Chen, Bijuan; Li, Wenmin; Jin, Changqing; Ding, Cui; Guo, Shengli; Ning, Fanlong; Ito, Takashi U.; Higemoto, Wataru; Billinge, Simon J. L.; Sakamoto, Shoya; Fujimori, Atsushi; Murakami, Taito; Kageyama, Hiroshi; Alonso, Jose Antonio; Kotliar, Gabriel; Imada, Masatoshi; Uemura, Yasutomo J.
2016-08-01
RENiO3 (RE=rare-earth element) and V2O3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO3) or pressure (V2O3), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO3 and V2O3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition.
Quantum oscillations in antiferromagnetic CaFe(2)As(2) on the brink of superconductivity.
Harrison, N; McDonald, R D; Mielke, C H; Bauer, E D; Ronning, F; Thompson, J D
2009-08-12
We report quantum oscillation measurements on CaFe(2)As(2) under strong magnetic fields-recently reported to become superconducting under pressures of as little as a kilobar. The largest observed carrier pocket occupies less than 0.05% of the paramagnetic Brillouin zone volume-consistent with Fermi surface reconstruction caused by antiferromagnetism. On comparing several alkaline earth AFe(2)As(2) antiferromagnets (with A = Ca, Sr and Ba), the dependences of the Fermi surface cross-sectional area F(α) and the effective mass m(α)(*) of the primary observed pocket on the antiferromagnetic/structural transition temperature T(s) are both found to be consistent with the case for quasiparticles in a conventional spin-density wave model. These findings suggest that the recently proposed strain-enhanced superconductivity in these materials occurs within a broadly conventional spin-density wave phase.
Merodio, P.; Kalitsov, A.; Chshiev, M.; Velev, J.
2016-06-01
Based on model calculations, we predict a magnetoelectric tunneling electroresistance effect in multiferroic tunnel junctions consisting of ferromagnetic electrodes and magnetoelectric antiferromagnetic barriers. Switching of the antiferromagnetic order parameter in the barrier in applied electric field by means of the magnetoelectric coupling leads to a substantial change of the resistance of the junction. The effect is explained in terms of the switching of the orientations of local magnetizations at the barrier interfaces affecting the spin-dependent interface transmission probabilities. Magnetoelectric multiferroic materials with finite ferroelectric polarization exhibit an enhanced resistive change due to polarization-induced spin-dependent screening. These results suggest that devices with active barriers based on single-phase magnetoelectric antiferromagnets represent an alternative nonvolatile memory concept.
Schwandt, David; Mambrini, Matthieu; Poilblanc, Didier
2010-06-01
We propose a general nonperturbative scheme that quantitatively maps the low-energy sector of spin-1/2 frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnets to effective generalized quantum dimer models. We develop the formal lattice-independent frame and establish some important results on (i) the locality of the generated Hamiltonians, (ii) how full resummations can be performed in this renormalization scheme. The method is then applied to the much debated kagome antiferromagnet for which a fully resummed effective Hamiltonian—shown to capture the essential properties and provide deep insights on the microscopic model [D. Poilblanc, M. Mambrini, and D. Schwandt, Phys. Rev. B 81, 180402(R) (2010)]—is derived.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sharmin, S; Umegaki, I; Tanaka, H; Ono, T [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ookayama 2-12-1, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Tanaka, G; Nojiri, H [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Fujisawa, M [Development of Frontier Research and Technology, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Matsumi, N; Tomoo, M [Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Okubo, S; Ohta, H [Molecular Photoscience Research Center, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Sakurai, T, E-mail: sharmin@lee.phys.titech.ac.jp [Center for Supports to Research and Education Activities, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan)
2011-07-20
We have investigated the antiferromagnetic resonance modes of the kagome antiferromagnet Cs{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}SnF{sub 12} both theoretically and experimentally. High-field electron spin resonance experiments on single crystals were conducted in the ordered phase at different frequencies and temperatures with the external magnetic field parallel to the c axis. Considering three sublattices, we calculated the resonance modes for the motions of the sublattice magnetizations within the framework of the mean field approximation. It was found that the frequency-field diagram is in good agreement with the experimental results.
Hida, Kazuo
1992-03-01
The quantum disordered state (QDOS) of the spin 1/2 double layer square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet is studied. Using the dimer expansion from the limit of the large interlayer coupling J', the staggered susceptibility χ, the antiferromagnetic structure factor Sπ and the antiferromagnetic correlation length ξ are calculated up to the 6-th order in the intralayer coupling J. The ratio analysis shows that the QDOS becomes unstable against the Néel ordering at J'/J≃2.56. The critical exponents are not inconsistent with the universality class of the 3-dimensional classical Heisenberg model, suggesting that our QDOS corresponds to that expected in the 2-dimensional square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet with unphysically small spin (<0.276). The results of the projector Monte Carlo simulation also confirms the dimer expansion results.
Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature.
Nakatsuji, Satoru; Kiyohara, Naoki; Higo, Tomoya
2015-11-12
In ferromagnetic conductors, an electric current may induce a transverse voltage drop in zero applied magnetic field: this anomalous Hall effect is observed to be proportional to magnetization, and thus is not usually seen in antiferromagnets in zero field. Recent developments in theory and experiment have provided a framework for understanding the anomalous Hall effect using Berry-phase concepts, and this perspective has led to predictions that, under certain conditions, a large anomalous Hall effect may appear in spin liquids and antiferromagnets without net spin magnetization. Although such a spontaneous Hall effect has now been observed in a spin liquid state, a zero-field anomalous Hall effect has hitherto not been reported for antiferromagnets. Here we report empirical evidence for a large anomalous Hall effect in an antiferromagnet that has vanishingly small magnetization. In particular, we find that Mn3Sn, an antiferromagnet that has a non-collinear 120-degree spin order, exhibits a large anomalous Hall conductivity of around 20 per ohm per centimetre at room temperature and more than 100 per ohm per centimetre at low temperatures, reaching the same order of magnitude as in ferromagnetic metals. Notably, the chiral antiferromagnetic state has a very weak and soft ferromagnetic moment of about 0.002 Bohr magnetons per Mn atom (refs 10, 12), allowing us to switch the sign of the Hall effect with a small magnetic field of around a few hundred oersted. This soft response of the large anomalous Hall effect could be useful for various applications including spintronics--for example, to develop a memory device that produces almost no perturbing stray fields.
Monte Carlo Study of the Anisotropic Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Triangular Lattice
Stephan, W.; Southern, B. W.
1999-01-01
We report a Monte Carlo study of the classical antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with easy axis anisotropy on the triangular lattice. Both the free energy cost for long wavelength spin waves as well as for the formation of free vortices are obtained from the spin stiffness and vorticity modulus respectively. Evidence for two distinct Kosterlitz-Thouless types of defect-mediated phase transitions at finite temperatures is presented.
Large topological Hall effect in the non-collinear phase of an antiferromagnet.
Sürgers, Christoph; Fischer, Gerda; Winkel, Patrick; Löhneysen, Hilbert V
2014-03-05
Non-trivial spin arrangements in magnetic materials give rise to the topological Hall effect observed in compounds with a non-centrosymmetric cubic structure hosting a skyrmion lattice, in double-exchange ferromagnets and magnetically frustrated systems. The topological Hall effect has been proposed to appear also in presence of non-coplanar spin configurations and thus might occur in an antiferromagnetic material with a highly non-collinear and non-coplanar spin structure. Particularly interesting is a material where the non-collinearity develops not immediately at the onset of antiferromagnetic order but deep in the antiferromagnetic phase. This unusual situation arises in non-cubic antiferromagnetic Mn5Si3. Here we show that a large topological Hall effect develops well below the Néel temperature as soon as the spin arrangement changes from collinear to non-collinear with decreasing temperature. We further demonstrate that the effect is not observed when the material is turned ferromagnetic by carbon doping without changing its crystal structure.
Lorenzana, J.; Sawatzky, G.A
1995-01-01
We calculate the effective charge for multimagnon infrared absorption assisted by phonons in a perovskitelike antiferromagnet and we compute the spectra for two-magnon absorption using interacting spin-wave theory. The full set of equations for the interacting two-magnon problem is presented in the
The Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition and correlations in the XY kagome antiferromagnet
Cherepanov, V B; Podivilov, E V
2001-01-01
The problem of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in the highly frustrated XY antiferromagnetic is solved. The transition temperature is found. It is shown that the spin correlation function exponentially decays with distance even in the low-temperature phase, in contrast to the order parameter correlation function, which decays algebraically with distance
Velocity of excitations in ordered, disordered, and critical antiferromagnets
Sen, Arnab; Suwa, Hidemaro; Sandvik, Anders W.
2015-11-01
We test three different approaches, based on quantum Monte Carlo simulations, for computing the velocity c of triplet excitations in antiferromagnets. We consider the standard S =1 /2 one- and two-dimensional Heisenberg models, as well as a bilayer Heisenberg model at its critical point. Computing correlation functions in imaginary time and using their long-time behavior, we extract the lowest excitation energy versus momentum using improved fitting procedures and a generalized moment method. The velocity is then obtained from the dispersion relation. We also exploit winding numbers to define a cubic space-time geometry, where the velocity is obtained as the ratio of the spatial and temporal lengths of the system when all winding number fluctuations are equal. The two methods give consistent results for both ordered and critical systems, but the winding number estimator is more precise. For the Heisenberg chain, we accurately reproduce the exactly known velocity. For the two-dimensional Heisenberg model, our results are consistent with other recent calculations, but with an improved statistical precision, c =1.65847 (4 ) . We also use the hydrodynamic relation c2=ρs/χ⊥(q →0 ) between c , the spin stiffness ρs, and the transversal susceptibility χ⊥, using the smallest non-zero momentum q =2 π /L . This method also is well controlled in two dimensions, but the cubic criterion for winding numbers delivers better numerical precision. In one dimension, the hydrodynamic relation is affected by logarithmic corrections which make accurate extrapolations difficult. As an application of the winding number method, for the quantum-critical bilayer model our high-precision determination of the velocity enables us to quantitatively test, at an unprecedented level, the field-theoretic low-temperature scaling forms χ =(a /c2)T and C =(b /c2) T2 . We find agreement to within 3 % with the leading 1 /N results for the factors a and b in the O (N ) model, but the agreement
Evidence for Intertwining of Superconductivity and Antiferromagnetism in a Cuprate
Tranquada, John; Xu, Zhijun; Stock, C.; Chi, S. X.; Kolesnikov, A. I.; Xu, G. Y.; Gu, G. D.
2014-03-01
We have used inelastic neutron scattering to measure the low-energy, incommensurate antiferromagnetic spin excitations both above and below the superconducting transition temperature (Tc = 32 K) of La1.905Ba0.095CuO4. While the magnetic excitations in optimally-doped cuprates typically show the development of a spin gap and magnetic resonance below Tc, our sample shows no such effect. Instead strong, gapless spin excitations coexist with bulk superconductivity. To understand this, we note that previous transport measurements have shown that the superconducting layers are decoupled by a magnetic field applied along the c-axis, resulting in a state with frustrated interlayer Josephson coupling, similar to LBCO with x = 1 / 8 , where it has been proposed that pair-density-wave superconductivity occurs. This suggests that, in a similar fashion, the spatially modulated antiferromagnetic correlations (which we see directly in the x = 0 . 095 sample) are intertwined with a spatially modulated superconducting pair wave function. Work at BNL supported by Office of Basic Energy Sciences, US DOE, under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886.
The Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the square-kagomé lattice
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Richter
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We discuss the ground state, the low-lying excitations as well as high-field thermodynamics of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the two-dimensional square-kagomé lattice. This magnetic system belongs to the class of highly frustrated spin systems with an infinite non-trivial degeneracy of the classical ground state as it is also known for the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagomé and on the star lattice. The quantum ground state of the spin-half system is a quantum paramagnet with a finite spin gap and with a large number of non-magnetic excitations within this gap. We also discuss the magnetization versus field curve that shows a plateaux as well as a macroscopic magnetization jump to saturation due to independent localized magnon states. These localized states are highly degenerate and lead to interesting features in the low-temperature thermodynamics at high magnetic fields such as an additional low-temperature peak in the specific heat and an enhanced magnetocaloric effect.
Hida, Kazuo
2006-07-01
The multiple reentrant quantum phase transitions in the S=1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains with random bond alternation in the magnetic field are investigated by the density matrix renormalization group method combined with interchain mean field approximation. It is assumed that odd numbered bonds are antiferromagnetic with strength J and even numbered bonds can take the values JS and JW (JS > J > JW > 0) randomly with the probabilities p and 1- p, respectively. The pure version ( p=0 and 1) of this model has a spin gap but exhibits a field-induced antiferromagnetism in the presence of interchain coupling if Zeeman energy due to the magnetic field exceeds the spin gap. For 0 < p < 1, antiferromagnetism is induced by randomness at the small field region where the ground state is disordered due to the spin gap in the pure version. At the same time, this model exhibits randomness-induced plateaus at several values of magnetization. The antiferromagnetism is destroyed on the plateaus. As a consequence, we find a series of reentrant quantum phase transitions between transverse antiferromagnetic phases and disordered plateau phases with the increase of magnetic field for a moderate strength of interchain coupling. Above the main plateaus, the magnetization curve consists of a series of small plateaus and jumps between them. It is also found that antiferromagnetism is induced by infinitesimal interchain coupling at the jumps between the small plateaus. We conclude that this antiferromagnetism is supported by the mixing of low-lying excited states by the staggered interchain mean field even though the spin correlation function is short ranged in the ground state of each chain.
Magnetic Nanostructures Spin Dynamics and Spin Transport
Farle, Michael
2013-01-01
Nanomagnetism and spintronics is a rapidly expanding and increasingly important field of research with many applications already on the market and many more to be expected in the near future. This field started in the mid-1980s with the discovery of the GMR effect, recently awarded with the Nobel prize to Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg. The present volume covers the most important and most timely aspects of magnetic heterostructures, including spin torque effects, spin injection, spin transport, spin fluctuations, proximity effects, and electrical control of spin valves. The chapters are written by internationally recognized experts in their respective fields and provide an overview of the latest status.
Quantum phase transition between cluster and antiferromagnetic states
Son, Wonmin; Fazio, Rosario; Hamma, Alioscia; Pascazio, Saverio; Vedral, Vlatko
2011-01-01
We study a Hamiltonian system describing a three spin-1/2 cluster-like interaction competing with an Ising-like exchange. We show that the ground state in the cluster phase possesses symmetry protected topological order. A continuous quantum phase transition occurs as result of the competition between the cluster and Ising terms. At the critical point the Hamiltonian is self-dual. The geometric entanglement is also studied. Our findings in one dimension corroborate the analysis of the two dimensional generalization of the system, indicating, at a mean field level, the presence of a direct transition between an antiferromagnetic and a valence bond solid ground state.
Quasiparticle band structure of antiferromagnetic Eu Te
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mathi Jaya, S.; Nolting, W. [Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Institut fuer Physik, Lehrstuhl Festkoerpertheorie, Invalidenstrasse 110, D-10115 Berlin (Germany)
1997-11-24
The temperature-dependent electronic quasiparticle spectrum of the antiferromagnetic semiconductor Eu Te is derived by use of a combination of a many-body model procedure with a tight-binding-'linear muffin tin orbital' (TB - LMTO) band structure calculation. The central part is the d-f model for a single band electron ('test electron') being exchange coupled to the anti ferromagnetically ordered localized moments of the Eu ions. The single-electron Bloch energies of the d-f model are taken from a TB-LMTO calculation for paramagnetic Eu Te. The d-f model is evaluated by a recently proposed moment conserving Green function technique to get the temperature-dependent sublattice-quasiparticle band structure (S-QBS) and sublattice-quasiparticle density of states (S-QDOS) of the unoccupied 5 d-6 s energy bands. Unconventional correlation effects and the appearance of characteristic quasiparticles ('magnetic polarons') are worked out in detail. The temperature dependence of the S-QDOS and S-QBS is mainly provoked by the spectral weights of the energy dispersions. Minority- and majority-spin spectra coincide for all temperatures but with different densities of states. Upon cooling from T{sub N} to T = 0 K the lower conduction band edge exhibits a small blue shift of -0.025 eV in accordance with the experiment. Quasiparticle damping manifesting itself in a temperature-dependent broadening of the spectral density peaks arises from spin exchange processes between (5 d-6 s) conduction band electrons and localized 4 f moments. (author)
Landau model for the multiferroic delafossite antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ribeiro, J.L, E-mail: jlr@fisica.uminho.pt [Centro de Física da Universidade do Minho, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal); Perez-Mato, J.M [Dpto. de Física de la Materia Condensada, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco, Apartado 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Vieira, L.G [Centro de Física da Universidade do Minho, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal)
2016-10-15
A symmetry based framework is used to describe the complex phase diagrams observed in the multiferroic delafossite compounds. A free energy Landau functional is derived from the analysis of the transformation properties of the most general incommensurate magnetic spin order parameter. A principle of maximal symmetry is invoked and the stability of each of the different higher symmetry phases considered. The competition between different potential ground states is analysed within the scope of a simplified model, which emphasizes the role of the symmetry allowed phase dependent biquadratic couplings. The cross-over between the different competing states is also discussed. The results show that the diverse set of phase diagrams that are experimentally observed in this class of triangular lattice antiferromagnets and, in particular, the stabilization of magnetically induced ferroelectric states, can be well interpreted and described within this integrated phenomenological approximation. - Highlights: • Symmetry considerations are used to analyze the phase diagrams of the compounds. • The competition between possible ground states is discussed. • The field induced transitions between competing states are described.
Electron Spin Pairing in High-Tc Superconductors
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郭卫; 韩汝珊
2001-01-01
An electron pairing theory based on effective electron spin coupling mediated by antiferromagnetically correlated local moments is presented to account for high-Tc phenomena. We show that Kondo scattering and the suppression of the antiferromagnetic superexchange between Cu2+ moments lead to local triplet pairing, the mechanism underlying high-Tc superconductivity.
Depth profile of uncompensated spins in an exchange bias system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Roy, S.; Fitzsimmons, M.R.; Park, S.; Dorn, M.; Petracic, O.; Roshchin, Igor V.; Li, Zhi-Pan; Morales, R.; Misra, A.; Zhang, X.; Chesnel, K.; Kortright, J.B.; Sinha, S.K.; Schuller, Ivan K.
2005-05-17
We have used the unique spatial sensitivity of polarized neutron and soft x-ray beams in reflection geometry to measure the depth dependence of magnetization across the interface between a ferromagnet and antiferromagnet. The new uncompensated magnetization near the interface responds to applied field, while the uncompensated spins in the antiferromagnetic bulk are pinned, thus providing a means to establish exchange bias.
Baillie, C F; Kownacki, J P
1994-01-01
The Ising model on ``thin'' graphs (standard Feynman diagrams) displays several interesting properties. For ferromagnetic couplings there is a mean field phase transition at the corresponding Bethe lattice transition point. For antiferromagnetic couplings the replica trick gives some evidence for a spin glass phase. In this paper we investigate both the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic models with the aid of simulations. We confirm the Bethe lattice values of the critical points for the ferromagnetic model on \\phi^3 and \\phi^4 graphs and examine the putative spin glass phase in the antiferromagnetic model by looking at the overlap between replicas in a quenched ensemble of graphs. We also compare the Ising results with those for higher state Potts models and Ising models on ``fat'' graphs, such as those used in 2D gravity simulations.
Coupled Quantum Fluctuations and Quantum Annealing
Hormozi, Layla; Kerman, Jamie
We study the relative effectiveness of coupled quantum fluctuations, compared to single spin fluctuations, in the performance of quantum annealing. We focus on problem Hamiltonians resembling the the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model of Ising spin glass and compare the effectiveness of different types of fluctuations by numerically calculating the relative success probabilities and residual energies in fully-connected spin systems. We find that for a small class of instances coupled fluctuations can provide improvement over single spin fluctuations and analyze the properties of the corresponding class. Disclaimer: This research was funded by ODNI, IARPA via MIT Lincoln Laboratory under Air Force Contract No. FA8721-05-C-0002. The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of ODNI, IARPA, or the US Government.
Baillie, C F; Johnston, D A; Plechác, P
1995-01-01
In a recent paper we found strong evidence from simulations that the Ising antiferromagnet on ``thin'' random graphs - Feynman diagrams - displayed a mean-field spin glass transition. The intrinsic interest of considering such random graphs is that they give mean field results without long range interactions or the drawbacks, arising from boundary problems, of the Bethe lattice. In this paper we reprise the saddle point calculations for the Ising and Potts ferromagnet, antiferromagnet and spin glass on Feynman diagrams. We use standard results from bifurcation theory that enable us to treat an arbitrary number of replicas and any quenched bond distribution. We note the agreement between the ferromagnetic and spin glass transition temperatures thus calculated and those derived by analogy with the Bethe lattice, or in previous replica calculations. We then investigate numerically spin glasses with a plus or minus J bond distribution fo rthe Ising and Q=3,3,10,50 state Potts models, paying particular attention t...
Emergence of nontrivial magnetic excitations in a spin-liquid state of kagomé volborthite
Watanabe, Daiki; Sugii, Kaori; Shimozawa, Masaaki; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Yajima, Takeshi; Ishikawa, Hajime; Hiroi, Zenji; Shibauchi, Takasada; Matsuda, Yuji; Yamashita, Minoru
2016-08-01
When quantum fluctuations destroy underlying long-range ordered states, novel quantum states emerge. Spin-liquid (SL) states of frustrated quantum antiferromagnets, in which highly correlated spins fluctuate down to very low temperatures, are prominent examples of such quantum states. SL states often exhibit exotic physical properties, but the precise nature of the elementary excitations behind such phenomena remains entirely elusive. Here, we use thermal Hall measurements that can capture the unexplored property of the elementary excitations in SL states, and report the observation of anomalous excitations that may unveil the unique features of the SL state. Our principal finding is a negative thermal Hall conductivity κxyκxy which the charge-neutral spin excitations in a gapless SL state of the 2D kagomé insulator volborthite Cu3V2O7(OH)2ṡṡ2H2O exhibit, in much the same way in which charged electrons show the conventional electric Hall effect. We find that κxyκxy is absent in the high-temperature paramagnetic state and develops upon entering the SL state in accordance with the growth of the short-range spin correlations, demonstrating that κxyκxy is a key signature of the elementary excitation formed in the SL state. These results suggest the emergence of nontrivial elementary excitations in the gapless SL state which feel the presence of fictitious magnetic flux, whose effective Lorentz force is found to be less than 1/100 of the force experienced by free electrons.
Thermal Spin Dynamics of Yttrium Iron Garnet
Barker, Joseph; Bauer, Gerrit E. W.
2016-11-01
The magnetic insulator yttrium iron garnet can be grown with near perfection and is therefore and ideal conduit for spin currents. It is a complex material with 20 magnetic moments in the unit cell. In spite of being a ferrimagnet, YIG is almost always modeled as a simple ferromagnet with a single spin wave mode. We use the method of atomistic spin dynamics to study the temperature evolution of the full spin wave spectrum, in quantitative agreement with neutron scattering experiments. The antiferromagnetic or optical mode is found to suppress the spin Seebeck effect at room temperature and beyond due to thermally pumped spin currents with opposite polarization to the ferromagnetic mode.
Neutron scattering studies of a frustrated spinel antiferromagnet in zero and high magnetic field
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Matsuda, M [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)
2006-11-15
A review is given of the neutron scattering studies on a frustrated spinel antiferromagnet CdCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}. As observed in ZnCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}, which has been most extensively studied in the Cr-based spinel oxides, CdCr{sub 2}O{sub 4} also shows an antiferromagnetic phase transition and a structural phase transition simultaneously, indicating a strong spin-lattice coupling. The magnetic structure of CdCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}was determined by neutron scattering studies. The neutron scattering study in magnetic field up to 10 T indicates an orientation of magnetic domains.
Magnetoelastic properties of antiferromagnetically coupled magnetic composite media
Valencia-Cardona, Juan J.; Leo, Perry H.
2016-08-01
We study the magnetic response of a ferromagnetic bilayer with antiferromagnetic coupling, where the layers experience magnetostrictive strains and epitaxial misfit strains. These strains cause the layers to stretch and bend as the magnetic spins of the layers rotate, resulting in elastic energy that adds to the magnetic energy of the system. The magnetic and elastic energies are computed as a function of spin direction in each layer for a given set of material and geometric parameters. By finding the rotations that minimize the total energy, we compute magnetic hysteresis loops for different combinations of magnetic and elastic parameters. The elastic contribution is reflected in the transitions at the corners of the hysteresis curves as well as in the coercive field of the main loop. The details of the elastic contribution depend in a complicated way on the magnetostriction of the layers, the epitaxial strain, the magnetic anisotropies, and the system geometry.
Magnetocaloric properties of a frustrated Blume-Capel antiferromagnet
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Žukovič Milan
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Low-temperature magnetization processes and magnetocaloric properties of a geometrically frustrated spin-1 Blume-Capel model on a triangular lattice are studied by Monte Carlo simulations. The model is found to display qualitatively different behavior depending on the sign of the single-ion anisotropy D. For positive values of D we observe two magnetization plateaus, similar to the spin-1/2 Ising antiferromagnet, and negative isothermal entropy changes for any field intensity. For a range of small negative values of D there are four magnetization plateaus and the entropy changes can be either negative or positive, depending on the field. If D is negative but large in absolute value then the entropy changes are solely positive.