Nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Madsen, Daniel Esmarch
2008-01-01
I denne Ph.D. afhandling studeres forskellige egenskaber ved antiferromagnetiske nanopartikler. I en ideel antiferromagnet er spinnene orienteret således at der ikke er et resulterende magnetisk moment. I nanopartikler af antiferromagnetiske materialer er denne kompensation på grund af forskellig...
Thermoinduced magnetization in nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mørup, Steen; Frandsen, Cathrine
2004-01-01
We show that there is a thermoinduced contribution to the magnetic moment of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials. It arises from thermal excitations of the uniform spin-precession mode, and it has the unusual property that its magnitude increases with increasing temperature. This has...... the consequence that antiferromagnetism is nonexistent in nanoparticles at finite temperatures and it explains magnetic anomalies, which recently have been reported in a number of studies of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials....
Experimental and theoretical studies of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mørup, Steen; Madsen, Daniel Esmarch; Frandsen, Cathrine;
2007-01-01
The magnetic properties of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials are reviewed. The magnetic structure is often similar to the bulk structure, but there are several examples of size-dependent magnetic structures. Owing to the small magnetic moments of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles...... measurements, Mössbauer spectroscopy and neutron scattering. Below the blocking temperature, the magnetic dynamics in nanoparticles is dominated by thermal excitations of the uniform mode. In antiferromagnetic nanoparticles, the frequency of this mode is much higher than in ferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic...... nanoparticles, but it depends crucially on the size of the uncompensated moment. Excitation of the uniform mode results in a so-called thermoinduced moment, because the two sublattices are not strictly antiparallel when this mode is excited. The magnetic dipole interaction between antiferromagnetic...
Magnetic Properties of Nanoparticles of Antiferromagnetic Materials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mørup, Steen; Frandsen, Cathrine; Bødker, Franz
2003-01-01
The magnetic properties of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles have been studied by Mossbauer spectroscopy and neutron scattering. Temperature series of Mossbauer spectra of non-interacting, superparamagnetic hematite nanoparticles were fitted by use of the Blume-Tjon relaxation model. It has been...... found that the magnetic anisotropy energy constant increases significantly with decreasing particle size. Neutron scattering experiments on similar samples give new information on both superparamagnetic relaxation and collective magnetic excitations. There is good agreement between the values...... of the parameters obtained from Mossbauer spectroscopy and neutron scattering. In samples of interacting hematite nanoparticles, the relaxation was significantly suppressed. The Mossbauer data for these samples are in accordance with a mean field model for an ordered state of strongly interacting particles. Mixing...
Half-metallic antiferromagnet as a prospective material for spintronics.
Hu, X
2012-01-10
Spintronics is expected as the next-generation technology based on the novel notch of spin degree of freedom of electrons. Half-metals, a class of materials which behave as a metal in one spin direction and an insulator in the opposite spin direction, are ideal for spintronic applications. Half-metallic antiferromagnets as a subclass of half-metals are characterized further by totally compensated spin moments in a unit cell, and have the advantage of being able to generate fully spin-polarized current while exhibiting zero macroscopic magnetization. Considerable efforts have been devoted to the search for this novel material, from which we may get useful insights for prospective material exploration.
Antiferromagnetic spintronics.
Jungwirth, T; Marti, X; Wadley, P; Wunderlich, J
2016-03-01
Antiferromagnetic materials are internally magnetic, but the direction of their ordered microscopic moments alternates between individual atomic sites. The resulting zero net magnetic moment makes magnetism in antiferromagnets externally invisible. This implies that information stored in antiferromagnetic moments would be invisible to common magnetic probes, insensitive to disturbing magnetic fields, and the antiferromagnetic element would not magnetically affect its neighbours, regardless of how densely the elements are arranged in the device. The intrinsic high frequencies of antiferromagnetic dynamics represent another property that makes antiferromagnets distinct from ferromagnets. Among the outstanding questions is how to manipulate and detect the magnetic state of an antiferromagnet efficiently. In this Review we focus on recent works that have addressed this question. The field of antiferromagnetic spintronics can also be viewed from the general perspectives of spin transport, magnetic textures and dynamics, and materials research. We briefly mention this broader context, together with an outlook of future research and applications of antiferromagnetic spintronics.
The density matrix method in photonic bandgap and antiferromagnetic materials
Barrie, Scott B.
emission peaks doped with four-level atoms is studied. It is found that linewidth narrowing is only dependent upon time delay when the resonance energy is not near a band edge. This is a new discovery. The density matrix method is employed to find the critical magnetic field at which spin flopping occurs in antiferromagnetic high temperature superconductors. It is found that this magnetic field depends upon the temperature, the anisotropy parameter and the doping concentration. Results are calculated for 1-2-3 HTSCs. Keywords. Quantum Optics, Density Matrix, Photonic Bandgap Materials, Dispersive Polaritonic Bandgap Materials, Antiferromagnets.
Antiferromagnetism in metals: from the cuprate superconductors to the heavy fermion materials.
Sachdev, Subir; Metlitski, Max A; Punk, Matthias
2012-07-25
The critical theory of the onset of antiferromagnetism in metals, with concomitant Fermi surface reconstruction, has recently been shown to be strongly coupled in two spatial dimensions. The onset of unconventional superconductivity near this critical point is reviewed: it involves a subtle interplay between the breakdown of fermionic quasiparticle excitations on the Fermi surface and the strong pairing glue provided by the antiferromagnetic fluctuations. The net result is a logarithm-squared enhancement of the pairing vertex for generic Fermi surfaces, with a universal dimensionless coefficient independent of the strength of interactions, which is expected to lead to superconductivity at the scale of the Fermi energy. We also discuss the possibility that the antiferromagnetic critical point can be replaced by an intermediate 'fractionalized Fermi liquid' phase, in which there is Fermi surface reconstruction but no long-range antiferromagnetic order. We discuss the relevance of this phase to the underdoped cuprates and the heavy fermion materials.
Topological Weyl semimetals in the chiral antiferromagnetic materials Mn3Ge and Mn3Sn
Yang, Hao; Sun, Yan; Zhang, Yang; Shi, Wu-Jun; Parkin, Stuart S. P.; Yan, Binghai
2017-01-01
Recent experiments revealed that Mn3Sn and Mn3Ge exhibit a strong anomalous Hall effect at room temperature, provoking us to explore their electronic structures for topological properties. By ab initio band structure calculations, we have observed the existence of multiple Weyl points in the bulk and corresponding Fermi arcs on the surface, predicting antiferromagnetic Weyl semimetals in Mn3Ge and Mn3Sn. Here the chiral antiferromagnetism in the Kagome-type lattice structure is essential to determine the positions and numbers of Weyl points. Our work further reveals a new guiding principle to search for magnetic Weyl semimetals among materials that exhibit a strong anomalous Hall effect.
Electrical switching of antiferromagnets via strongly spin-orbit coupled materials
Li, Xi-Lai; Duan, Xiaopeng; Semenov, Yuriy G.; Kim, Ki Wook
2017-01-01
Electrically controlled ultra-fast switching of an antiferromagnet (AFM) is shown to be realizable by interfacing it with a material of strong spin-orbit coupling. The proximity interaction between the sublattice magnetic moments of a layered AFM and the spin-polarized free electrons at the interface offers an efficient way to manipulate antiferromagnetic states. A quantitative analysis, using the combination with a topological insulator as an example, demonstrates highly reliable 90° and 180° rotations of AFM magnetic states under two different mechanisms of effective torque generation at the interface. The estimated switching speed and energy requirement are in the ps and aJ ranges, respectively, which are about two-three orders of magnitude better than the ferromagnetic counterparts. The observed differences in the magnetization dynamics may explain the disparate characteristic responses. Unlike the usual precessional/chiral motions in the ferromagnets, those of the AFMs can essentially be described as a damped oscillator with a more direct path. The impact of random thermal fluctuations is also examined.
Antiferromagnetic hedgehogs with superconducting cores
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goldbart, P.M.; Sheehy, D.E. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)
1998-09-01
Excitations of the antiferromagnetic state that resemble antiferromagnetic hedgehogs at large distances but are predominantly superconducting inside a core region are discussed within the context of Zhang{close_quote}s SO(5)-symmetry-based approach to the physics of high-temperature superconducting materials. Nonsingular, in contrast with their hedgehog cousins in pure antiferromagnetism, these texture excitations are what hedgehogs become when the antiferromagnetic order parameter is permitted to {open_quotes}escape{close_quotes} into superconducting directions. The structure of such excitations is determined in a simple setting, and a number of their experimental implications are examined. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}
Paramagnetic and Antiferromagnetic Spin Seebeck Effect
Wu, Stephen
We report on the observation of the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect in both antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic insulators. By using a microscale on-chip local heater, it is possible to generate a large thermal gradient confined to the chip surface without a large increase in the total sample temperature. This technique allows us to easily access low temperatures (200 mK) and high magnetic fields (14 T) through conventional dilution refrigeration and superconducting magnet setups. By exploring this regime, we detect the spin Seebeck effect through the spin-flop transition in antiferromagnetic MnF2 when a large magnetic field (>9 T) is applied along the easy axis direction. Using the same technique, we are also able to resolve a spin Seebeck effect from the paramagnetic phase of geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet Gd3Ga5O12 (gadolinium gallium garnet) and antiferromagnetic DyScO3 (DSO). Since these measurements occur above the ordering temperatures of these two materials, short-range magnetic order is implicated as the cause of the spin Seebeck effect in these systems. The discovery of the spin Seebeck effect in these two materials classes suggest that both antiferromagnetic spin waves and spin excitations from short range magnetic order may be used to generate spin current from insulators and that the spin wave spectra of individual materials are highly important to the specifics of the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect. Since insulating antiferromagnets and paramagnets are far more common than the typical insulating ferrimagnetic materials used in spin Seebeck experiments, this discovery opens up a large new class of materials for use in spin caloritronic devices. All authors acknowledge support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Materials Sciences and Engineering Division. The use of facilities at the Center for Nanoscale Materials, was supported by the U.S. DOE, BES under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Frandsen, Cathrine; Ostenfeld, Christopher Worsøe; Xu, M.;
2004-01-01
The magnetic properties of mixtures of ferrimagnetic gamma-Fe2O3 (maghemite) and antiferromagnetic NiO or CoO nanoparticles have been studied by use of Fe-57 Mossbauer spectroscopy, neutron powder diffraction and magnetization measurements. The studies showed that the interaction with antiferroma......The magnetic properties of mixtures of ferrimagnetic gamma-Fe2O3 (maghemite) and antiferromagnetic NiO or CoO nanoparticles have been studied by use of Fe-57 Mossbauer spectroscopy, neutron powder diffraction and magnetization measurements. The studies showed that the interaction...... with antiferromagnetic particles has a significant influence on the magnetic properties of the gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. It was found that mixing the gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with NiO nanoparticles resulted in a faster superparamagnetic relaxation and a reduced coercivity compared to a sample consisting solely...
Antiferromagnetic spin-orbitronics
Manchon, Aurelien
2015-05-01
Antiferromagnets have long remained an intriguing and exotic state of matter, whose application has been restricted to enabling interfacial exchange bias in metallic and tunneling spin-valves [1]. Their role in the expanding field of applied spintronics has been mostly passive and the in-depth investigation of their basic properties mostly considered from a fundamental perspective.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Perez-Navarro, A.; Costa-Quintana, J.; Lopez-Aguilar, F. [Groupe d' Electromagnetisme, Departament de Fisica, Edifici Cn, Facultat de Ciencies, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain)
2002-09-08
In this paper we present a method for obtaining the quasiband structure and the renormalized density of quasistates of strongly correlated systems with antiferromagnetic ordering. We calculate the electronic structure of La{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} in order to test this method. The first step required is to calculate the electronic structure from the local density approximation (LDA) in order to obtain the initial non-interacting ground state. The LDA density of states in strongly correlated systems usually presents serious discrepancies with experimental results. As is well known, these discrepancies, fundamentally concerning photoemission, are due to the fact that the dynamic correlation effects are not taken into account within the LDA. In order to include these effects, we obtain a self-energy potential which allows the initial LDA electronic structure to connect with that of the antiferromagnetic ground state arising from a Bogolyubov-like transformation. Within this new ground state, we determine an antiferromagnetic self-energy by means of a spin density wave procedure, and the interacting Green function yields a density of states which is in reasonable agreement with the experimental photoemission result. (Abstract Copyright [2002], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
Tailoring exchange couplings in magnetic topological-insulator/antiferromagnet heterostructures
He, Qing Lin; Kou, Xufeng; Grutter, Alexander J.; Yin, Gen; Pan, Lei; Che, Xiaoyu; Liu, Yuxiang; Nie, Tianxiao; Zhang, Bin; Disseler, Steven M.; Kirby, Brian J.; Ratcliff, William, II; Shao, Qiming; Murata, Koichi; Zhu, Xiaodan; Yu, Guoqiang; Fan, Yabin; Montazeri, Mohammad; Han, Xiaodong; Borchers, Julie A.; Wang, Kang L.
2017-01-01
Magnetic topological insulators such as Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3 provide a platform for the realization of versatile time-reversal symmetry-breaking physics. By constructing heterostructures exhibiting Néel order in an antiferromagnetic CrSb and ferromagnetic order in Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3, we realize emergent interfacial magnetic phenomena which can be tailored through artificial structural engineering. Through deliberate geometrical design of heterostructures and superlattices, we demonstrate the use of antiferromagnetic exchange coupling in manipulating the magnetic properties of magnetic topological insulators. Proximity effects are shown to induce an interfacial spin texture modulation and establish an effective long-range exchange coupling mediated by antiferromagnetism, which significantly enhances the magnetic ordering temperature in the superlattice. This work provides a new framework on integrating topological insulators with antiferromagnetic materials and unveils new avenues towards dissipationless topological antiferromagnetic spintronics.
Holes in Heisenberg antiferromagnets
Chen, Yang
1990-05-01
In this Brief Report we show that a recent model proposed by Shankar [Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 203 (1989)], describing the motion of holes in quantum antiferromagnets is equivalent to the Schwinger model [Phys. Rev. 128, 2425 (1962)] in 1+1 dimensions. Some exact results are deduced. In addition to the superconducting long-range order found by Shankar, it is shown that there is a 2pF hole density wave existing with the superconducting pairing instability.
Spatially anisotropic Heisenberg kagome antiferromagnet
Apel, W.; Yavors'kii, T.; Everts, H.-U.
2007-04-01
In the search for spin-1/2 kagome antiferromagnets, the mineral volborthite has recently been the subject of experimental studies (Hiroi et al 2001 J. Phys. Soc. Japan 70 3377; Fukaya et al 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 207603; Bert et al 2004 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16 S829; Bert et al 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 95 087203). It has been suggested that the magnetic properties of this material are described by a spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice with spatially anisotropic exchange couplings. We report on investigations of the {\\mathrm {Sp}}(\\mathcal {N}) symmetric generalization of this model in the large \\mathcal {N} limit. We obtain a detailed description of the dependence of possible ground states on the anisotropy and on the spin length S. A fairly rich phase diagram with a ferrimagnetic phase, incommensurate phases with and without long-range order and a decoupled chain phase emerges.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
K R Hoffman; D J Lockwood
2008-01-01
William (familiarly known as Bill by all his colleagues) Yen's life-long scientific interest in the magnetic properties of rutile structured antiferromagnetic materials (AFMs) began with his involvement in the discovery in 1965 of the magnon sidebands of MnF2 in optical absorption[1]. A basic outline of this discovery is given elsewhere in this special issue of the Chinese Journal of Luminescence[2]. A narrative discussion of events leading to this discovery appears in a contribution written by Bill and Robert White for a special edition of Low Temperature Physics on Antiferromagnetism[3]. A quote from that remembrance highlights a quality that remained with Bill throughout his career: "The identification of these sidebands by a pair of young students and two post-docs illustrates how serendipity, a touch of good luck and reckless youthful enthusiasm often plays a role in scientific discovery".Bill's forever youthful enthusiasm coupled with creative insights into current research questions led to numerous pioneering discoveries throughout his career. This paper reviews Bill's contributions to developing techniques to exploit dichroism to study the magnetic properties of AFMs. Bill's publications in this area span more than 30 years, from 1971 to 2004.
Antiferromagnetic spin Seebeck effect.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wu, Stephen M.; Zhang, Wei; KC, Amit; Borisov, Pavel; Pearson, John E.; Jiang, J. Samuel; Lederman, David; Hoffmann, Axel; Bhattacharya, Anand
2016-03-03
We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF2. A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF2 (110) (30nm)/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF2(110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF2 through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2–80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in the spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9T) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF2 thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.
Antiferromagnetic Spin Seebeck Effect
Wu, Stephen M.; Zhang, Wei; KC, Amit; Borisov, Pavel; Pearson, John E.; Jiang, J. Samuel; Lederman, David; Hoffmann, Axel; Bhattacharya, Anand
2016-03-01
We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF2 . A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF2 (110) (30 nm )/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF2 (110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF2 through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2-80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in the spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9 T ) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF2 thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.
Shape-induced anisotropy in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
H. Gomonay; Kondovych, S.; Loktev, V.
2013-01-01
High fraction of the surface atoms considerably enhances the influence of size and shape on the magnetic and electronic properties of nanoparticles. Shape effects in ferromagnetic nanoparticles are well understood and allow to set and control the parameters of a sample that affect its magnetic anisotropy during production. In the present paper we study the shape effects in the other widely used magnetic materials -- antiferromagnets, -- which possess vanishingly small or zero macroscopic magn...
Electrical switching of an antiferromagnet.
Wadley, P; Howells, B; Železný, J; Andrews, C; Hills, V; Campion, R P; Novák, V; Olejník, K; Maccherozzi, F; Dhesi, S S; Martin, S Y; Wagner, T; Wunderlich, J; Freimuth, F; Mokrousov, Y; Kuneš, J; Chauhan, J S; Grzybowski, M J; Rushforth, A W; Edmonds, K W; Gallagher, B L; Jungwirth, T
2016-02-05
Antiferromagnets are hard to control by external magnetic fields because of the alternating directions of magnetic moments on individual atoms and the resulting zero net magnetization. However, relativistic quantum mechanics allows for generating current-induced internal fields whose sign alternates with the periodicity of the antiferromagnetic lattice. Using these fields, which couple strongly to the antiferromagnetic order, we demonstrate room-temperature electrical switching between stable configurations in antiferromagnetic CuMnAs thin-film devices by applied current with magnitudes of order 10(6) ampere per square centimeter. Electrical writing is combined in our solid-state memory with electrical readout and the stored magnetic state is insensitive to and produces no external magnetic field perturbations, which illustrates the unique merits of antiferromagnets for spintronics.
Antiferromagnetic spin Seebeck Effect
Wu, SM; W. Zhang; Kc, A; Borisov, P.; Pearson, JE; Jiang, JS; Lederman, D.; Hoffmann, A.; Bhattacharya, A
2015-01-01
We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF_{2}. A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF_{2} (110) (30 nm)/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF_{2} (110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF_{2} through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2-80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop t...
Spin transfer in antiferromagnets (Conference Presentation)
Moriyama, Takahiro
2016-10-01
Since antiferromagnets (AFMs) have no spontaneous magnetization unlike ferromagnetic materials, it is not easy to manipulate the magnetic moments in AFMs by external magnetic field. However, recent theoretical studies suggest that it is possible to manipulate the magnetization in AFMs by spin-transfer-torque in a similar manner to ferromagnetic materials. In this study, we perform spin-toque ferromagnetic resonance (ST-FMR) measurements on FeNi/NiO/Pt multilayers to experimentally investigate the interaction between the spin current and the magnetic moments of antiferromagnetic NiO. The spin current is injected to the NiO by the spin Hall effect in Pt. The monotonous change in the FMR linewidth of this system with respect to the spin current can be interpreted in a way that the spin current is transferred through the NiO and interacts with the FeNi. This intriguing spin current transport can be explained by the angular momentum transfer mediated by the antiferromagnetic magnons. The results assure that the spin current exerts a torque on the NiO magnetic moments and excites their dynamics. In the talk, recent results will be also discussed.
Superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and neutron scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tranquada, John M., E-mail: jtran@bnl.gov; Xu, Guangyong; Zaliznyak, Igor A.
2014-01-15
High-temperature superconductivity in both the copper-oxide and the iron–pnictide/chalcogenide systems occurs in close proximity to antiferromagnetically ordered states. Neutron scattering has been an essential technique for characterizing the spin correlations in the antiferromagnetic phases and for demonstrating how the spin fluctuations persist in the superconductors. While the nature of the spin correlations in the superconductors remains controversial, the neutron scattering measurements of magnetic excitations over broad ranges of energy and momentum transfers provide important constraints on the theoretical options. We present an overview of the neutron scattering work on high-temperature superconductors and discuss some of the outstanding issues. - Highlights: • High-temperature superconductivity is closely associated with antiferromagnetism. • Antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations coexist with the superconductivity. • Neutron scattering is essential for characterising the full spectrum of spin excitations.
Model calculation of thermal conductivity in antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mikhail, I.F.I., E-mail: ifi_mikhail@hotmail.com; Ismail, I.M.M.; Ameen, M.
2015-11-01
A theoretical study is given of thermal conductivity in antiferromagnetic materials. The study has the advantage that the three-phonon interactions as well as the magnon phonon interactions have been represented by model operators that preserve the important properties of the exact collision operators. A new expression for thermal conductivity has been derived that involves the same terms obtained in our previous work in addition to two new terms. These two terms represent the conservation and quasi-conservation of wavevector that occur in the three-phonon Normal and Umklapp processes respectively. They gave appreciable contributions to the thermal conductivity and have led to an excellent quantitative agreement with the experimental measurements of the antiferromagnet FeCl{sub 2}. - Highlights: • The Boltzmann equations of phonons and magnons in antiferromagnets have been studied. • Model operators have been used to represent the magnon–phonon and three-phonon interactions. • The models possess the same important properties as the exact operators. • A new expression for the thermal conductivity has been derived. • The results showed a good quantitative agreement with the experimental data of FeCl{sub 2}.
Spin Seebeck Effect Signals from Antiferromagnets
Prakash, Arati; Brangham, Jack; Yang, Fengyuan; Heremans, Joseph
The Longitudinal Spin Seebeck Effect (LSSE), in which a heat current stimulates spin propagation across an interface between a magnetic material and a normal metal, is well established and observed in ferromagnetic systems. Data have been presented indicating that antiferromagnetic systems could also give rise to LSSE signals. We report here on LSSE signal measured on the Pt/NiO/YIG structure, where NiO is an antiferromagnet. This system is reported to exhibit antiferromagnonic transport. We explore the dependence of the signal on the thickness of the NiO and YIG layers. We also report its temperature dependence, which was not explored before. The results are interpreted in terms of the temperature dependence of the magnon density of states. It appears that magnon modes with energies below about 40 K are most involved in the process, as was the case to the LSSE on YIG itself. Preliminary results using other antiferromagnets and other inverse spin-Hall layers look promising and will also be reported Work supported by ARO- MURI W911NF-14-1-0016.
Revealing the properties of Mn2Au for antiferromagnetic spintronics.
Barthem, V M T S; Colin, C V; Mayaffre, H; Julien, M-H; Givord, D
2013-01-01
The continuous reduction in size of spintronic devices requires the development of structures, which are insensitive to parasitic external magnetic fields, while preserving the magnetoresistive signals of existing systems based on giant or tunnel magnetoresistance. This could be obtained in tunnel anisotropic magnetoresistance structures incorporating an antiferromagnetic, instead of a ferromagnetic, material. To turn this promising concept into real devices, new magnetic materials with large spin-orbit effects must be identified. Here we demonstrate that Mn2Au is not a Pauli paramagnet as hitherto believed but an antiferromagnet with Mn moments of ~4 μB. The particularly large strength of the exchange interactions leads to an extrapolated Néel temperature well above 1,000 K, so that ground-state magnetic properties are essentially preserved up to room temperature and above. Combined with the existence of a significant in-plane anisotropy, this makes Mn2Au the most promising material for antiferromagnetic spintronics identified so far.
Creation of an antiferromagnetic exchange spring
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Scholl, A.; Liberati, M.; Arenholz, E.; Ohldag, H.; Stohr, J.
2004-04-06
We present evidence for the creation of an exchange spring in an antiferromagnet due to exchange coupling to a ferromagnet. X-ray magnetic linear dichroism spectroscopy on single crystal Co/NiO(001) shows that a partial domain wall is wound up at the surface of the antiferromagnet when the adjacent ferromagnet is rotated by a magnetic field. We determine the interface exchange stiffness and the antiferromagnetic domain wall energy from the field dependence of the direction of the antiferromagnetic axis, the antiferromagnetic pendant to a ferromagnetic hysteresis loop. The existence of a planar antiferromagnetic domain wall, proven by our measurement, is a key assumption of most exchange bias models.
A spin-1 kagome antiferromagnet
Tovar, Mayra; Shtengel, Kirill; Refael, Gil
2010-03-01
We study a spin-1 antiferromagnet on the kagom'e lattice. We start by constructing a Klein-type SU(2) symmetric Hamiltonian which contains Heisenberg interactions between nearest and next-nearest neighbors as well as three-body terms. Our model Hamiltonian has an extensive degenerate ground state whose manifold is spanned by the AKLT-like valence bond states. We also perturb the parent Hamiltonian by introducing an enhancement to the nearest neighbor antiferromagnetic Heisenberg interactions. By projecting this perturbation onto the basis spanned by the unperturbed ground states, we derive an effective Hamiltonian which is dual to that of the transverse field antiferromagnetic Ising model on the triangular lattice. Based on the parameters of our model, we find it to be in the order-by-disorder phase. The ground state is a valence bond crystal stabilized by quantum fluctuations. We also discuss excitations, both magnetic and non-magnetic, and address their possible relevance to experiment.
Thermophoresis of an antiferromagnetic soliton
Kim, Se Kwon; Tchernyshyov, Oleg; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav
2015-07-01
We study the dynamics of an antiferromagnetic soliton under a temperature gradient. To this end, we start by phenomenologically constructing the stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation for an antiferromagnet with the aid of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We then derive the Langevin equation for the soliton's center of mass by the collective coordinate approach. An antiferromagentic soliton behaves as a classical massive particle immersed in a viscous medium. By considering a thermodynamic ensemble of solitons, we obtain the Fokker-Planck equation, from which we extract the average drift velocity of a soliton. The diffusion coefficient is inversely proportional to a small damping constant α , which can yield a drift velocity of tens of m/s under a temperature gradient of 1 K/mm for a domain wall in an easy-axis antiferromagnetic wire with α ˜10-4 .
Superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and neutron scattering
Tranquada, John M.; Xu, Guangyong; Zaliznyak, Igor A.
2014-01-01
High-temperature superconductivity in both the copper-oxide and the iron-pnictide/chalcogenide systems occurs in close proximity to antiferromagnetically ordered states. Neutron scattering has been an essential technique for characterizing the spin correlations in the antiferromagnetic phases and for demonstrating how the spin fluctuations persist in the superconductors. While the nature of the spin correlations in the superconductors remains controversial, the neutron scattering measurements of magnetic excitations over broad ranges of energy and momentum transfers provide important constraints on the theoretical options. We present an overview of the neutron scattering work on high-temperature superconductors and discuss some of the outstanding issues.
Supersymmetry protected topological phases of isostatic lattices and kagome antiferromagnets
Lawler, Michael J.
2016-10-01
I generalize the theory of phonon topological band structures of isostatic lattices to frustrated antiferromagnets. I achieve this with a discovery of a many-body supersymmetry (SUSY) in the phonon problem of balls and springs and its connection to local constraints satisfied by ground states. The Witten index of the SUSY model demands the Maxwell-Calladine index of mechanical structures. "Spontaneous supersymmetry breaking" is identified as the need to gap all modes in the bulk to create the topological isostatic lattice state. Since ground states of magnetic systems also satisfy local constraint conditions (such as the vanishing of the total spin on a triangle), I identify a similar SUSY structure for many common models of antiferromagnets including the square, triangluar, kagome, pyrochlore nearest-neighbor antiferromagnets, and the J2=J1/2 square-lattice antiferromagnet. Remarkably, the kagome family of antiferromagnets is the analog of topological isostatic lattices among this collection of models. Thus, a solid-state realization of the theory of phonon topological band structure may be found in frustrated magnetic materials.
Thermoinduced magnetization and uncompensated spins in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Madsen, Daniel Esmarch; Mørup, Steen
2006-01-01
We have investigated the combined effect of an uncompensated moment and the thermoinduced magnetization on the initial susceptibility of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials. We find that for nanoparticles with small values of the anisotropy and exchange fields, the thermoinduced...... magnetization may be predominant at finite temperatures. In other cases the uncompensated moment may be predominant....
Probing the evolution of antiferromagnetism in multiferroics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Holcomb, M.; Martin, L.; Scholl, A.; He, Q.; Yu, P.; Yang, C.-H.; Yang, S.; Glans, P.-A.; Valvidares, M.; Huijben, M.; Kortright, J.; Guo,, J.; Chu, Y.-H.; Ramesh, R.
2010-06-09
This study delineates the evolution of magnetic order in epitaxial films of the room-temperature multiferroic BiFeO3 system. Using angle- and temperature-dependent dichroic measurements and spectromicroscopy, we have observed that the antiferromagnetic order in the model multiferroic BiFeO3 evolves systematically as a function of thickness and strain. Lattice-mismatch-induced strain is found to break the easy-plane magnetic symmetry of the bulk and leads to an easy axis of magnetization which can be controlled through strain. Understanding the evolution of magnetic structure and how to manipulate the magnetism in this model multiferroic has significant implications for utilization of such magnetoelectric materials in future applications.
Imaging Current-Induced Switching of Antiferromagnetic Domains in CuMnAs
Grzybowski, M. J.; Wadley, P.; Edmonds, K. W.; Beardsley, R.; Hills, V.; Campion, R. P.; Gallagher, B. L.; Chauhan, J. S.; Novak, V.; Jungwirth, T.; Maccherozzi, F.; Dhesi, S. S.
2017-02-01
The magnetic order in antiferromagnetic materials is hard to control with external magnetic fields. Using x-ray magnetic linear dichroism microscopy, we show that staggered effective fields generated by electrical current can induce modification of the antiferromagnetic domain structure in microdevices fabricated from a tetragonal CuMnAs thin film. A clear correlation between the average domain orientation and the anisotropy of the electrical resistance is demonstrated, with both showing reproducible switching in response to orthogonally applied current pulses. However, the behavior is inhomogeneous at the submicron level, highlighting the complex nature of the switching process in multidomain antiferromagnetic films.
Quasiparticle excitations in frustrated antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Trumper, Adolfo E. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario (CONICET) Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Boulevard 27 de Febrero 210 bis, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)]. E-mail: trumper@ifir.edu.ar; Gazza, Claudio J. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario (CONICET) Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Boulevard 27 de Febrero 210 bis, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Manuel, Luis O. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario (CONICET) Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Boulevard 27 de Febrero 210 bis, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)]. E-mail: manuel@ifir.edu.ar
2004-12-31
We have computed the quasiparticle wave function corresponding to a hole injected in a triangular antiferromagnet. We have taken into account multi-magnon contributions within the self-consistent Born approximation. We have found qualitative differences, under sign reversal of the integral transfer t, regarding the multi-magnon components and the own existence of the quasiparticle excitations. Such differences are due to the subtle interplay between magnon-assisted and free hopping mechanisms. We conclude that the conventional quasiparticle picture can be broken by geometrical frustration without invoking spin liquid phases.
Quantum Entanglement in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets
Subramanian, V
2004-01-01
Entanglement sharing among pairs of spins in Heisenberg antiferromagnets is investigated using the concurrence measure. For a nondegenerate S=0 ground state, a simple formula relates the concurrence to the diagonal correlation function. The concurrence length is seen to be extremely short. A few finite clusters are studied numerically, to see the trend in higher dimensions. It is argued that nearest-neighbour concurrence is zero for triangular and Kagome lattices. The concurrences in the maximal-spin states are explicitly calculated, where the concurrence averaged over all pairs is larger than the S=0 states.
Spin-transfer torque induced spin waves in antiferromagnetic insulators
Daniels, Matthew; Guo, Wei; Stocks, G. Malcolm; Xiao, Di; Xiao, Jiang
2015-03-01
We explore the possibility of exciting spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic films by injecting spin current at the surface. We analyze both magnetically compensated and uncompensated interfaces. We find that the spin current induced spin-transfer torque can excite spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic materials and that the chirality of the excited spin wave is determined by the polarization of the injected spin current. Furthermore, the presence of magnetic surface anisotropy can greatly increase the accessibility of these excitations. Supported by NSF EFRI-1433496 (M.W.D), U.S. DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering (D.X. & G.M.S.), Major State Basic Research Project of China and National Natural Science Foundation of China (W.G. and J.X.).
Spin Dynamics and Critical Fluctuations in a Two-Dimensional Random Antiferromagnet
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Als-Nielsen, Jens Aage; Birgeneau, R. J.; Guggenheim, H. J.
1975-01-01
A comprehensive elastic- and inelastic-neutron-scattering study of the binary mixed antiferromagnet Rb2Mn0.5Ni0.5F4 has been carried out. The pure materials, Rb2MnF4 and Rb2NiF4 are [2d] near-Heisenberg antiferromagnets of the K2NiF4 type. Elastic-scattering experiments demonstrate that the Mn...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Loeffler, J.; Wagner, W.; Svygenhoven, H. van [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Meier, J.; Doudin, B.; Ansermet, J.P. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale, Lausanne (Switzerland)
1997-09-01
The magnetic properties of nanostructured materials on the basis of Fe and Ni have been investigated with a SQUID magnetometer, complementary to the small-angle neutron scattering study reported in the same volume. Measurements of the coercive field in a temperature range from 5 to 300 K confirm the validity of the random anisotropy model for our nanostructured systems. Furthermore, we obtain information about the presence and distribution of the antiferromagnetic oxides, joining the ferromagnetic grains. (author) 2 figs., 3 refs.
Purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory
Kosub, Tobias; Kopte, Martin; Hühne, Ruben; Appel, Patrick; Shields, Brendan; Maletinsky, Patrick; Hübner, René; Liedke, Maciej Oskar; Fassbender, Jürgen; Schmidt, Oliver G.; Makarov, Denys
2017-01-01
Magnetic random access memory schemes employing magnetoelectric coupling to write binary information promise outstanding energy efficiency. We propose and demonstrate a purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory (AF-MERAM) that offers a remarkable 50-fold reduction of the writing threshold compared with ferromagnet-based counterparts, is robust against magnetic disturbances and exhibits no ferromagnetic hysteresis losses. Using the magnetoelectric antiferromagnet Cr2O3, we demonstrate reliable isothermal switching via gate voltage pulses and all-electric readout at room temperature. As no ferromagnetic component is present in the system, the writing magnetic field does not need to be pulsed for readout, allowing permanent magnets to be used. Based on our prototypes, we construct a comprehensive model of the magnetoelectric selection mechanisms in thin films of magnetoelectric antiferromagnets, revealing misfit induced ferrimagnetism as an important factor. Beyond memory applications, the AF-MERAM concept introduces a general all-electric interface for antiferromagnets and should find wide applicability in antiferromagnetic spintronics.
Femtosecond optomagnetism in dielectric antiferromagnets
Bossini, D.; Rasing, Th
2017-02-01
Optical femtosecond manipulation of magnetic order is attractive for the development of new concepts for ultrafast magnetic recording. Theoretical and experimental investigations in this research area aim at establishing a physical understanding of magnetic media in light-induced non-equilibrium states. Such a quest requires one to adjust the theory of magnetism, since the thermodynamical concepts of elementary excitations and spin alignment determined by the exchange interaction are not applicable on the femtosecond time-scale after the photo-excitation. Here we report some key milestones concerning the femtosecond optical control of spins in dielectric antiferromagnets, whose spin dynamics is by nature faster than that of ferromagnets and can be triggered even without any laser heating. The recent progress of the opto-magnetic effect in the sub-wavelength regime makes this exciting research area even more promising, in terms of both fundamental breakthroughs and technological perspectives.
Robust ferromagnetism carried by antiferromagnetic domain walls
Hirose, Hishiro T.; Yamaura, Jun-Ichi; Hiroi, Zenji
2017-02-01
Ferroic materials, such as ferromagnetic or ferroelectric materials, have been utilized as recording media for memory devices. A recent trend for downsizing, however, requires an alternative, because ferroic orders tend to become unstable for miniaturization. The domain wall nanoelectronics is a new developing direction for next-generation devices, in which atomic domain walls, rather than conventional, large domains themselves, are the active elements. Here we show that atomically thin magnetic domain walls generated in the antiferromagnetic insulator Cd2Os2O7 carry unusual ferromagnetic moments perpendicular to the wall as well as electron conductivity: the ferromagnetic moments are easily polarized even by a tiny field of 1 mT at high temperature, while, once cooled down, they are surprisingly robust even in an inverse magnetic field of 7 T. Thus, the magnetic domain walls could serve as a new-type of microscopic, switchable and electrically readable magnetic medium which is potentially important for future applications in the domain wall nanoelectronics.
Spin-phonon interaction in antiferromagnetics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Grigorashchuk, I.M.; Nitsovich, V.M.; Tovstyuk, K.D.
1975-01-01
The vibrational spectrum and the sound velocity in antiferromagnetics are obtained in the general form in pseudoharmonic approximation with allowance for the anharmonisms of all orders. Starting from experimentally defined dependence of the Debye-Waller factor on the temperature a corollary is put forward that in some antiferromagnetics under the temperature lower than T/subN/ the appearance of the narrow band of paramagnetic states is possible. In antiferromagnetics where the transition metal-dielectric described by the Habbard model is possible this results in the appearance of the additional transition dielectric-metal-dielectric. (auth)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hu Jing-Guo; Stamps R L
2006-01-01
The rotational anisotropies in the exchange bias structures of ferromagnetism/antiferromagnetism 1/antiferromagnetism 2 are studied in this paper. Based on the model, in which the antiferromagnetism is treated with an Ising mean field theory and the rotational anisotropy is assumed to be related to the field created by the moment induced on the antiferromagnetic layer next to the ferromagnetic layer, we can explain why in experiments for ferromagnetism (FM)/antiferromagntism 1 (AFM1)/antiferromagnetism 2 (AFM2) systems the thickness-dependent rotational anisotropy value is non-monotonic, i.e. it reaches a minimum for this system at a specific thickness of the first antiferromagnetic layer and exhibits oscillatory behaviour. In addition, we find that the temperature-dependent rotational anisotropy value is in good agreement with the experimental result.
Large anomalous Hall effect in a half-Heusler antiferromagnet
Suzuki, T.; Chisnell, R.; Devarakonda, A.; Liu, Y.-T.; Feng, W.; Xiao, D.; Lynn, J. W.; Checkelsky, J. G.
2016-12-01
The quantum mechanical (Berry) phase of the electronic wavefunction plays a critical role in the anomalous and spin Hall effects, including their quantized limits. While progress has been made in understanding these effects in ferromagnets, less is known in antiferromagnetic systems. Here we present a study of antiferromagnet GdPtBi, whose electronic structure is similar to that of the topologically non-trivial HgTe (refs ,,), and where the Gd ions offer the possibility to tune the Berry phase via control of the spin texture. We show that this system supports an anomalous Hall angle ΘAH > 0.1, comparable to the largest observed in bulk ferromagnets and significantly larger than in other antiferromagnets. Neutron scattering measurements and electronic structure calculations suggest that this effect originates from avoided crossing or Weyl points that develop near the Fermi level due to a breaking of combined time-reversal and lattice symmetries. Berry phase effects associated with such symmetry breaking have recently been explored in kagome networks; our results extend this to half-Heusler systems with non-trivial band topology. The magnetic textures indicated here may also provide pathways towards realizing the topological insulating and semimetallic states predicted in this material class.
Fractional excitations in the square-lattice quantum antiferromagnet
Dalla Piazza, B.; Mourigal, M.; Christensen, N. B.; Nilsen, G. J.; Tregenna-Piggott, P.; Perring, T. G.; Enderle, M.; McMorrow, D. F.; Ivanov, D. A.; Rønnow, H. M.
2015-01-01
Quantum magnets have occupied the fertile ground between many-body theory and low-temperature experiments on real materials since the early days of quantum mechanics. However, our understanding of even deceptively simple systems of interacting spin-1/2 particles is far from complete. The quantum square-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet, for example, exhibits a striking anomaly of hitherto unknown origin in its magnetic excitation spectrum. This quantum effect manifests itself for excitations propagating with the specific wavevector (π, 0). We use polarized neutron spectroscopy to fully characterize the magnetic fluctuations in the metal-organic compound Cu(DCOO)2.4D2O, a known realization of the quantum square-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet model. Our experiments reveal an isotropic excitation continuum at the anomaly, which we analyse theoretically using Gutzwiller-projected trial wavefunctions. The excitation continuum is accounted for by the existence of spatially extended pairs of fractional S = 1/2 quasiparticles, 2D analogues of 1D spinons. Away from the anomalous wavevector, these fractional excitations are bound and form conventional magnons. Our results establish the existence of fractional quasiparticles in the high-energy spectrum of a quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet, even in the absence of frustration.
Characterization of the Dilute Ising Antiferromagnet
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wiener, T.
2000-09-12
A spin glass is a magnetic ground state in which ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions compete, thereby creating frustration and a multidegenerate state with no long range order. An Ising system is a system where the spins are constrained to lie parallel or antiparallel to a primary axis. There has been much theoretical interest in the past ten years in the effects of applying a magnetic field transverse to the primary axis in an Ising spin glass at low temperatures and thus study phase transitions at the T=0 limit. The focus of this study is to search for and characterize a new Ising spin glass system. This is accomplished by site diluting yttrium for terbium in the crystalline material TbNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}. The first part of this work gives a brief overview of the physics of rare earth magnetism and an overview of experimental characteristics of spin glasses. This is followed by the methodology used to manufacture the large single crystals used in this study, as well as the measurement techniques used. Next, a summary of the results of magnetic measurements on across the dilution series from pure terbium to pure yttrium is presented. This is followed by detailed measurements on particular dilutions which demonstrate spin glass behavior. Pure TbNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} is an Ising antiferromagnet with a several distinct metamagnetic states below 17 K. As the terbium is alloyed with yttrium, these magnetic states are weakened in a consistent manner, as is seen in measurements of the transition temperatures and analysis of Curie-Weiss behavior at high temperature. At low concentrations of terbium, below 35%, long range order is no longer present and a spin-glass-like state emerges. This state is studied through various measurements, dc and ac susceptibility, resistivity, and specific heat. This magnetic behavior was then compared to that of other well characterized spin glasses. It is concluded that there is a region of concentration s for which a spin
Characterization of the Dilute Ising Antiferromagnet
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wiener, Timothy [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
2000-09-12
A spin glass is a magnetic ground state in which ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions compete, thereby creating frustration and a multidegenerate state with no long range order. An Ising system is a system where the spins are constrained to lie parallel or antiparallel to a primary axis. There has been much theoretical interest in the past ten years in the effects of applying a magnetic field transverse to the primary axis in an Ising spin glass at low temperatures and thus study phase transitions at the T=0 limit. The focus of this study is to search for and characterize a new Ising spin glass system. This is accomplished by site diluting yttrium for terbium in the crystalline material TbNi_{2}Ge_{2}. The first part of this work gives a brief overview of the physics of rare earth magnetism and an overview of experimental characteristics of spin glasses. This is followed by the methodology used to manufacture the large single crystals used in this study, as well as the measurement techniques used. Next, a summary of the results of magnetic measurements on across the dilution series from pure terbium to pure yttrium is presented. This is followed by detailed measurements on particular dilutions which demonstrate spin glass behavior. Pure TbNi_{2}Ge_{2} is an Ising antiferromagnet with a several distinct metamagnetic states below 17 K. As the terbium is alloyed with yttrium, these magnetic states are weakened in a consistent manner, as is seen in measurements of the transition temperatures and analysis of Curie-Weiss behavior at high temperature. At low concentrations of terbium, below 35%, long range order is no longer present and a spin-glass-like state emerges. This state is studied through various measurements, dc and ac susceptibility, resistivity, and specific heat. This magnetic behavior was then compared to that of other well characterized spin glasses. It is concluded that there is a region of
Antiferromagnetic Skyrmion: Stability, Creation and Manipulation
Zhang, Xichao; Zhou, Yan; Ezawa, Motohiko
2016-04-01
Magnetic skyrmions are particle-like topological excitations in ferromagnets, which have the topo-logical number Q = ± 1, and hence show the skyrmion Hall effect (SkHE) due to the Magnus force effect originating from the topology. Here, we propose the counterpart of the magnetic skyrmion in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) system, that is, the AFM skyrmion, which is topologically protected but without showing the SkHE. Two approaches for creating the AFM skyrmion have been described based on micromagnetic lattice simulations: (i) by injecting a vertical spin-polarized current to a nanodisk with the AFM ground state; (ii) by converting an AFM domain-wall pair in a nanowire junction. It is demonstrated that the AFM skyrmion, driven by the spin-polarized current, can move straightly over long distance, benefiting from the absence of the SkHE. Our results will open a new strategy on designing the novel spintronic devices based on AFM materials.
Milyaev, M. A.; Naumova, L. I.; Chernyshova, T. A.; Proglyado, V. V.; Kulesh, N. A.; Patrakov, E. I.; Kamenskii, I. Yu.; Ustinov, V. V.
2016-12-01
Spin valves with a synthetic antiferromagnet have been prepared by magnetron sputtering. Regularities of the formation of single- and two-phase spin-flop states in the synthetic antiferromagnet have been studied using magnetoresistance measurements and imaging the magnetic structure. A thermomagnetic treatment of spin valve in a field that corresponds to the single-phase spin-flop state of synthetic antiferromagnet was shown to allow us to obtain a magnetically sensitive material characterized by hysteresis-free field dependence of the magnetoresistance.
Purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory
Kosub, Tobias; Kopte, Martin; Hühne, Ruben; Appel, Patrick; Shields, Brendan; Maletinsky, Patrick; Hübner, René; Liedke, Maciej Oskar; Fassbender, Jürgen; Schmidt, Oliver G.; Makarov, Denys
2017-01-01
Magnetic random access memory schemes employing magnetoelectric coupling to write binary information promise outstanding energy efficiency. We propose and demonstrate a purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory (AF-MERAM) that offers a remarkable 50-fold reduction of the writing threshold compared with ferromagnet-based counterparts, is robust against magnetic disturbances and exhibits no ferromagnetic hysteresis losses. Using the magnetoelectric antiferromagnet Cr2O3, we demonstrate reliable isothermal switching via gate voltage pulses and all-electric readout at room temperature. As no ferromagnetic component is present in the system, the writing magnetic field does not need to be pulsed for readout, allowing permanent magnets to be used. Based on our prototypes, we construct a comprehensive model of the magnetoelectric selection mechanisms in thin films of magnetoelectric antiferromagnets, revealing misfit induced ferrimagnetism as an important factor. Beyond memory applications, the AF-MERAM concept introduces a general all-electric interface for antiferromagnets and should find wide applicability in antiferromagnetic spintronics. PMID:28045029
Antiferromagnetic domain wall motion driven by spin-orbit torques
Shiino, Takayuki; Oh, Se-Hyeok; Haney, Paul M.; Lee, Seo-Won; Go, Gyungchoon; Park, Byong-Guk; Lee, Kyung-Jin
2016-01-01
We theoretically investigate dynamics of antiferromagnetic domain walls driven by spin-orbit torques in antiferromagnet/heavy metal bilayers. We show that spin-orbit torques drive antiferromagnetic domain walls much faster than ferromagnetic domain walls. As the domain wall velocity approaches the maximum spin-wave group velocity, the domain wall undergoes Lorentz contraction and emits spin-waves in the terahertz frequency range. The interplay between spin-orbit torques and the relativistic dynamics of antiferromagnetic domain walls leads to the efficient manipulation of antiferromagnetic spin textures and paves the way for the generation of high frequency signals from antiferromagnets. PMID:27588878
Barker, Joseph; Tretiakov, Oleg A.
2016-04-01
Skyrmions are topologically protected entities in magnetic materials which have the potential to be used in spintronics for information storage and processing. However, Skyrmions in ferromagnets have some intrinsic difficulties which must be overcome to use them for spintronic applications, such as the inability to move straight along current. We show that Skyrmions can also be stabilized and manipulated in antiferromagnetic materials. An antiferromagnetic Skyrmion is a compound topological object with a similar but of opposite sign spin texture on each sublattice, which, e.g., results in a complete cancellation of the Magnus force. We find that the composite nature of antiferromagnetic Skyrmions gives rise to different dynamical behavior due to both an applied current and temperature effects.
Critical Behaviour of a Two-Dimensional Random Antiferromagnet
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Als-Nielsen, Jens Aage; Birgeneau, R. J.; Guggenheim, H. J.
1976-01-01
A neutron scattering study of the order parameter, correlation length and staggered susceptibility of the two-dimensional random antiferromagnet Rb2Mn0.5Ni0.5F4 is reported. The system is found to exhibit a well-defined phase transition with critical exponents identical to those of the isomorphou...... pure materials K2NiF4 and K2MnF4. Thus, in these systems, which have the asymptotic critical behaviour of the two-dimensional Ising model, randomness has no measurable effect on the phase-transition behaviour....
Competing interactions in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic perovskite superlattices
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Takamura, Y.; Biegalski, M.B.; Christen, H.M.
2009-10-22
Soft x-ray magnetic dichroism, magnetization, and magnetotransport measurements demonstrate that the competition between different magnetic interactions (exchange coupling, electronic reconstruction, and long-range interactions) in La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}FeO{sub 3}(LSFO)/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3}(LSMO) perovskite oxide superlattices leads to unexpected functional properties. The antiferromagnetic order parameter in LSFO and ferromagnetic order parameter in LSMO show a dissimilar dependence on sublayer thickness and temperature, illustrating the high degree of tunability in these artificially layered materials.
Spin injection and absorption in antiferromagnets (Conference Presentation)
Frangou, Lamprini; Merodio, Pablo; Ghosh, Abhijit; Oyarzun, Simon; Auffret, Stephane; Ebels, Ursula; Chshiev, Mair; Bea, Helene; Vila, Laurent; Bailey, William E.; Gambarelli, Serge; Baltz, Vincent
2016-10-01
The antiferromagnetic order is expected to have a high potential in next-generation spintronic applications. It is resistant to perturbation by magnetic fields, produces no stray fields, displays ultrafast dynamics and may generate large magneto-transport effects. In spintronic materials, spin currents are key to unravelling spin dependent transport phenomena. Here, spin pumping results from the non-equilibrium magnetization dynamics of a ferromagnetic spin injector, which pumps a spin current into an adjacent spin sink. This spin sink absorbs the current to an extent which depends on its spin-dependent properties. The properties of the spin sink can be recorded either through the changes induced in ferromagnetic damping or through direct electrical means, such as by measuring the inverse spin Hall voltage. In this talk, we will deal with the injection of a spin current in thin antiferromagnetic sinks. Measurements of the spin penetration depths and absorption mechanisms were obtained for polycrystalline Ir20Mn80 and Fe50Mn50 films (Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 032406 (2014)). More interestingly, spins propagate more efficiently in layers where the magnetic order is fluctuating rather than static. The experimental data were compared to some of the recently developed theories and converted into interfacial spin mixing conductance enhancements. These findings help us progress towards the development of more efficient spin sources, while also providing an alternative method to probe magnetic phase transitions (Phys. Rev. Lett. in press (2016)). This type of alternative method is particularly needed to deal with the case of thin materials with no net magnetic moments, such as thin antiferromagnets.
Antiferromagnetic proximity effect in epitaxial CoO/NiO/MgO(001) systems.
Li, Q; Liang, J H; Luo, Y M; Ding, Z; Gu, T; Hu, Z; Hua, C Y; Lin, H-J; Pi, T W; Kang, S P; Won, C; Wu, Y Z
2016-03-02
Magnetic proximity effect between two magnetic layers is an important focus of research for discovering new physical properties of magnetic systems. Antiferromagnets (AFMs) are fundamental systems with magnetic ordering and promising candidate materials in the emerging field of antiferromagnetic spintronics. However, the magnetic proximity effect between antiferromagnetic bilayers is rarely studied because detecting the spin orientation of AFMs is challenging. Using X-ray linear dichroism and magneto-optical Kerr effect measurements, we investigated antiferromagnetic proximity effects in epitaxial CoO/NiO/MgO(001) systems. We found the antiferromagnetic spin of the NiO underwent a spin reorientation transition from in-plane to out-of-plane with increasing NiO thickness, with the existence of vertical exchange spring spin alignment in thick NiO. More interestingly, the Néel temperature of the CoO layer was greatly enhanced by the adjacent NiO layer, with the extent of the enhancement closely dependent on the spin orientation of NiO layer. This phenomenon was attributed to different exchange coupling strengths at the AFM/AFM interface depending on the relative spin directions. Our results indicate a new route for modifying the spin configuration and ordering temperature of AFMs through the magnetic proximity effect near room temperature, which should further benefit the design of AFM spintronic devices.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bhattacharjee, A. E-mail: ashis62@rediffmail.com; Miyazaki, Y.; Sorai, M
2004-09-01
Heat capacity studies of the layered molecule-based magnetic material {l_brace}N(n-C{sub 5}H{sub 11}){sub 4}[Mn{sup II}Fe{sup III}(ox){sub 3}]{r_brace}{sub {infinity}} (ox=oxalato) have been made in the 2-280 K range. Two distinct heat capacity anomalies were detected at 27.1 K (T{sub N}) and 226 K corresponding to magnetic and structural phase transitions, respectively, along with a hump around 23 K. The magnetic heat capacities above T{sub N} can be well represented by S=5/2 two-dimensional antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model of a honeycomb lattice with intralayer exchange interaction J/k{sub B}=-3.3 K. Application of spin-wave theory indicated the existence of a very weak interlayer magnetic interaction below T{sub N}. The anomaly at 27.1 K is due to the antiferromagnetic transition, in conformity with the magnetic results reported earlier. The hump around 23 K might be associated with the existing uncompensated magnetic moments. The estimated magnetic entropy (33.22 J K{sup -1} mol{sup -1}) is close to the expected magnetic entropy (R ln (6x6)=29.80 J K{sup -1} mol{sup -1}) for the spin multiplicity of high spin Mn{sup II} and Fe{sup III} ions. The heat capacity anomaly at 226 K may be assigned to a structural phase transition of order-disorder type due to increasing conformational change of the n-C{sub 5}H{sub 11} chains in the organic cation.
Antiferromagnetism in chromium alloy single crystals
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bjerrum Møller, Hans; Trego, A.L.; Mackintosh, A.R.
1965-01-01
The antiferromagnetism of single crystals of dilute alloys of V, Mn and Re in Cr has been studied at 95°K and 300°K by neutron diffraction. The addition of V causes the diffraction peaks to decrease in intensity and move away from (100), while Mn and Re cause them to increase and approach (100) so...
The electronic structure of antiferromagnetic chromium
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Skriver, Hans Lomholt
1981-01-01
The author has used the local spin density formalism to perform self-consistent calculations of the electronic structure of chromium in the non-magnetic and commensurate antiferromagnetic phases, as a function of the lattice parameter. A change of a few per cent in the atomic radius brings...
Magnetic remanent states in antiferromagnetically coupled multilayers
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kiselev, N.S., E-mail: m.kyselov@ifw-dresden.d [IFW Dresden, Postfach 270116, D-01171 Dresden (Germany); Donetsk Institute for Physics and Technology, 83114 Donetsk (Ukraine); Roessler, U.K.; Bogdanov, A.N. [IFW Dresden, Postfach 270116, D-01171 Dresden (Germany); Hellwig, O. [San Jose Research Center, Hitachi Global Storage Technologies, San Jose, CA 95135 (United States)
2010-05-15
In antiferromagnetically coupled multilayers with perpendicular anisotropy unusual multidomain textures can be stabilized due to a close competition between long-range demagnetization fields and short-range interlayer exchange coupling. In particular, the formation and evolution of specific topologically stable planar defects within the antiferromagnetic ground state, i.e. wall-like structures with a ferromagnetic configuration extended over a finite width, explain configurational hysteresis phenomena recently observed in [Co/Pt(Pd)]/Ru and [Co/Pt]/NiO multilayers. Within a phenomenological theory, we have analytically derived the equilibrium sizes of these 'ferroband' defects as functions of the antiferromagnetic exchange, a bias magnetic field, and geometrical parameters of the multilayers. In the magnetic phase diagram, the existence region of the ferrobands mediates between the regions of patterns with sharp antiferromagnetic domain walls and regular arrays of ferromagnetic stripes. The theoretical results are supported by magnetic force microscopy images of the remanent states observed in [Co/Pt]/Ru.
Antiferromagnetic Ising model on the swedenborgite lattice
Buhrandt, Stefan; Fritz, Lars
2014-01-01
Geometrical frustration in spin systems often results in a large number of degenerate ground states. In this work, we study the antiferromagnetic Ising model on the three-dimensional swedenborgite lattice, which is a specific stacking of kagome and triangular layers. The model contains two exchange
Direct measurement of antiferromagnetic domain fluctuations.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shpyrko, O. G.; Isaacs, E. D.; Logan, J. M.; Feng, Y.; Aeppli, G.; Jaramillo, R.; Kim, H. C.; Rosenbaum, T. F.; Zschack, P.; Sprung, M.; Narayanan, S.; Sandy, A.; Univ. of Chicago; Univ. College London
2007-05-03
Measurements of magnetic noise emanating from ferromagnets owing to domain motion were first carried out nearly 100 years ago1, and have underpinned much science and technology2, 3. Antiferromagnets, which carry no net external magnetic dipole moment, yet have a periodic arrangement of the electron spins extending over macroscopic distances, should also display magnetic noise. However, this must be sampled at spatial wavelengths of the order of several interatomic spacings, rather than the macroscopic scales characteristic of ferromagnets. Here we present a direct measurement of the fluctuations in the nanometer-scale superstructure of spin- and charge-density waves associated with antiferromagnetism in elemental chromium. The technique used is X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy, where coherent X-ray diffraction produces a speckle pattern that serves as a 'fingerprint' of a particular magnetic domain configuration. The temporal evolution of the patterns corresponds to domain walls advancing and retreating over micrometer distances. This work demonstrates a useful measurement tool for antiferromagnetic domain wall engineering, but also reveals a fundamental finding about spin dynamics in the simplest antiferromagnet: although the domain wall motion is thermally activated at temperatures above 100 K, it is not so at lower temperatures, and indeed has a rate that saturates at a finite value--consistent with quantum fluctuations--on cooling below 40 K.
Spin Hall effects in metallic antiferromagnets – perspectives for future spin-orbitronics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Joseph Sklenar
2016-05-01
Full Text Available We investigate angular dependent spin-orbit torques from the spin Hall effect in a metallic antiferromagnet using the spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance technique. The large spin Hall effect exists in PtMn, a prototypical CuAu-I-type metallic antiferromagnet. By applying epitaxial growth, we previously reported an appreciable difference in spin-orbit torques for c- and a-axis orientated samples, implying anisotropic effects in magnetically ordered materials. In this work we demonstrate through bipolar-magnetic-field experiments a small but noticeable asymmetric behavior in the spin-transfer-torque that appears as a hysteresis effect. We also suggest that metallic antiferromagnets may be good candidates for the investigation of various unidirectional effects related to novel spin-orbitronics phenomena.
Large magnetostriction and negative thermal expansion in the frustrated antiferromagnet ZnCr2Se4.
Hemberger, J; von Nidda, H-A Krug; Tsurkan, V; Loidl, A
2007-04-06
A detailed investigation of ZnCr2Se4 is presented which is dominated by strong ferromagnetic exchange but orders antiferromagnetically at TN=21 K. Specific heat and thermal expansion exhibit sharp first-order anomalies at the antiferromagnetic transition. TN is shifted to lower temperatures by external magnetic fields and finally is fully suppressed by a field of 65 kOe. The relative length change DeltaL/L(T) is unusually large and exhibits negative thermal expansion alpha below 75 K down to TN indicating strong frustration of the lattice. Magnetostriction DeltaL/L(H) reveals large values comparable to giant magnetostrictive materials. These results point to a spin-driven origin of the structural instability at TN explained in terms of competing ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions.
Quantum oscillations in antiferromagnetic CaFe(2)As(2) on the brink of superconductivity.
Harrison, N; McDonald, R D; Mielke, C H; Bauer, E D; Ronning, F; Thompson, J D
2009-08-12
We report quantum oscillation measurements on CaFe(2)As(2) under strong magnetic fields-recently reported to become superconducting under pressures of as little as a kilobar. The largest observed carrier pocket occupies less than 0.05% of the paramagnetic Brillouin zone volume-consistent with Fermi surface reconstruction caused by antiferromagnetism. On comparing several alkaline earth AFe(2)As(2) antiferromagnets (with A = Ca, Sr and Ba), the dependences of the Fermi surface cross-sectional area F(α) and the effective mass m(α)(*) of the primary observed pocket on the antiferromagnetic/structural transition temperature T(s) are both found to be consistent with the case for quasiparticles in a conventional spin-density wave model. These findings suggest that the recently proposed strain-enhanced superconductivity in these materials occurs within a broadly conventional spin-density wave phase.
Merodio, P.; Kalitsov, A.; Chshiev, M.; Velev, J.
2016-06-01
Based on model calculations, we predict a magnetoelectric tunneling electroresistance effect in multiferroic tunnel junctions consisting of ferromagnetic electrodes and magnetoelectric antiferromagnetic barriers. Switching of the antiferromagnetic order parameter in the barrier in applied electric field by means of the magnetoelectric coupling leads to a substantial change of the resistance of the junction. The effect is explained in terms of the switching of the orientations of local magnetizations at the barrier interfaces affecting the spin-dependent interface transmission probabilities. Magnetoelectric multiferroic materials with finite ferroelectric polarization exhibit an enhanced resistive change due to polarization-induced spin-dependent screening. These results suggest that devices with active barriers based on single-phase magnetoelectric antiferromagnets represent an alternative nonvolatile memory concept.
Large topological Hall effect in the non-collinear phase of an antiferromagnet.
Sürgers, Christoph; Fischer, Gerda; Winkel, Patrick; Löhneysen, Hilbert V
2014-03-05
Non-trivial spin arrangements in magnetic materials give rise to the topological Hall effect observed in compounds with a non-centrosymmetric cubic structure hosting a skyrmion lattice, in double-exchange ferromagnets and magnetically frustrated systems. The topological Hall effect has been proposed to appear also in presence of non-coplanar spin configurations and thus might occur in an antiferromagnetic material with a highly non-collinear and non-coplanar spin structure. Particularly interesting is a material where the non-collinearity develops not immediately at the onset of antiferromagnetic order but deep in the antiferromagnetic phase. This unusual situation arises in non-cubic antiferromagnetic Mn5Si3. Here we show that a large topological Hall effect develops well below the Néel temperature as soon as the spin arrangement changes from collinear to non-collinear with decreasing temperature. We further demonstrate that the effect is not observed when the material is turned ferromagnetic by carbon doping without changing its crystal structure.
Spin-Transfer-Torques at a Ferromagnet/Antiferromagnet Interface
Tsoi, Maxim
2009-03-01
Spintronics in ferromagnetic systems is built on a complementary set of phenomena in which the magnetic configuration of the system influences its transport properties and vice versa. Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) [1] and spin- transfer-torque (STT) [2] phenomena are typical examples of such interconnections. Recently, MacDonald and co-workers [3] predicted that corresponding effects ought to occur in systems where ferromagnetic (F) components are replaced by antiferromagnets (AFM). I will present our experimental search for these new AFM effects which may potentially lead to a new all-antiferromagnetic spintronics where antiferromagnets are used in place of ferromagnets. In particular I will focus on our experiments with exchange-biased spin valves [4] where extreme current densities were found to affect the exchange bias at F/AFM interface [5-7]. As exchange bias is known to be associated with interfacial AFM magnetic moments, our observation can be taken as the first evidence of STT effect in AFM materials. [4pt] [1] M. N. Baibich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2472 (1988); G. Binasch et al., Phys. Rev. B 39, 4828 (1989). [0pt] [2] J. C. Slonczewski, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 159, L1 (1996); L. Berger, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 4880 (1997); M. Tsoi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4281 (1998). [0pt] [3] A. S. N'uñez et al., Phys. Rev. B 73, 214426 (2006); [0pt] [4] Z. Wei et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 116603 (2007). [0pt] [5] S. Urazhdin and N. Anthony, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 046602 (2007). [0pt] [6] X-L.Tang et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 122504 (2007). [0pt] [7] N. V. Dai et al., Phys. Rev. B77, 132406 (2008).
Three-sublattice skyrmion crystal in the antiferromagnetic triangular lattice
Rosales, H. D.; Cabra, D. C.; Pujol, Pierre
2015-12-01
The frustrated classical antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions on the triangular lattice is studied under a magnetic field by means of semiclassical calculations and large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. We show that even a small DM interaction induces the formation of an antiferromagnetic skyrmion crystal (AF-SkX) state. Unlike what is observed in ferromagnetic materials, we show that the AF-SkX state consists of three interpenetrating skyrmion crystals (one by sublattice), and most importantly, the AF-SkX state seems to survive in the limit of zero temperature. To characterize the phase diagram we compute the average of the topological order parameter which can be associated with the number of topological charges or skyrmions. As the magnetic field increases this parameter presents a clear jump, indicating a discontinuous transition from a spiral phase into the AF-SkX phase, where multiple Bragg peaks coexist in the spin structure factor. For higher fields, a second (probably continuous) transition occurs into a featureless paramagnetic phase.
Striped spin liquid crystal ground state instability of kagome antiferromagnets.
Clark, Bryan K; Kinder, Jesse M; Neuscamman, Eric; Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic; Lawler, Michael J
2013-11-01
The Dirac spin liquid ground state of the spin 1/2 Heisenberg kagome antiferromagnet has potential instabilities. This has been suggested as the reason why it does not emerge as the ground state in large-scale numerical calculations. However, previous attempts to observe these instabilities have failed. We report on the discovery of a projected BCS state with lower energy than the projected Dirac spin liquid state which provides new insight into the stability of the ground state of the kagome antiferromagnet. The new state has three remarkable features. First, it breaks spatial symmetry in an unusual way that may leave spinons deconfined along one direction. Second, it breaks the U(1) gauge symmetry down to Z(2). Third, it has the spatial symmetry of a previously proposed "monopole" suggesting that it is an instability of the Dirac spin liquid. The state described herein also shares a remarkable similarity to the distortion of the kagome lattice observed at low Zn concentrations in Zn-paratacamite and in recently grown single crystals of volborthite suggesting it may already be realized in these materials.
Theory of spin transport in antiferromagnets (Conference Presentation)
Manchon, Aurélien; Saidaoui, Hamed; Akosa, Collins
2016-10-01
Antiferromagnets (AF) have long remained an intriguing and exotic state of matter, their application being restricted to enabling interfacial exchange bias in spin-valves. Their role in the expanding field of applied spintronics has been mostly passive and the in-depth investigation of their basic properties considered as fundamental condensed matter physics. A conceptual breakthrough was achieved ten years ago with the proposal that spin transfer torque could be used to electrically control the direction of the order parameter of AF spin valves, henceforth making these materials potential candidates for low energy spin devices. In spite of substantial theoretical efforts and experimental attempts to observe such a torque, the difficulty to independently detect the direction of the AF order parameter has remained a major obstacle. In this talk, I will first introduce the original concept of spin transfer torque in AF spin-valves, demonstrating that it is strongly limited by the spin decoherence and dramatically vanishes in the presence of disorder, leaving little hope to observe this effect experimentally. Then, I will present the newly proposed concept of spin-orbit torque that utilizes bulk or interfacial the spin-orbit coupling in non-centrosymmetric magnets to directly generate a torque on the AF order parameter. This torque, being local, is much more robust against impurities, as will be demonstrated for the specific case of interfacial Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Finally, I will discuss about spin motive force and torques in antiferromagnetic textures, intriguing effects that remained to be experimentally observed.
Macroscopic Quantum Coherence in Antiferromagnetic Molecular Magnets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HU Hui; LO Rong; ZHU Jia-Lin; XIONG Jia-Jiong
2001-01-01
The macroscopic quantum coherence in a biaxial antiferromagnetic molecular magnet in the presence of magnetic field acting parallel to its hard anisotropy axis is studied within the two-sublattice model. On the basis of instanton technique in the spin-coherent-state path-integral representation, both the rigorous Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin exponent and pre-exponential factor for the ground-state tunnel splitting are obtained. We find that the quantum fluctuations around the classical paths can not only induce a new quantum phase previously reported by Chiolero and Loss (Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 (1998) 169), but also have great influence on the intensity of the ground-state tunnel splitting. Those features clearly have no analogue in the ferromagnetic molecular magnets. We suggest that they may be the universal behaviors in all antiferromagnetic molecular magnets. The analytical results are complemented by exact diagonalization calculation.
Antiferromagnetic exchange mechanism of superconductivity in cuprates
Plakida, N M
2001-01-01
One examines theory of superconducting coupling resulted from antiferromagnetic exchange in terms of which one explains strong dependence of T sub c superconducting transition temperature on alpha lattice constant. Calculations are based on the Hubbard p-d two-region model within strong correlation limit. DELTA pd excitation high energy at antiferromagnetic exchange of two particles from different Hubbard subregions results in suppression o delay effects and in coupling of all particles in conductivity subregion with Fermi energy E sub F >= DELTA pd : T sub c approx = E sub F exp(-1/lambda), where lambda propor to J. T sub c (alpha) and isotopic effect are explained by J exchange interaction dependence on alpha and on zero oscillations of oxygen ions
Macroscopic Quantum Coherence in Antiferromagnetic Molecular Magnets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUHui; LURong; 等
2001-01-01
The macroscopic quantum coherence in a biaxial antiferromagnetic molecular magnet in the presence of magnetic field acting parallel to its hard anisotropy axis is studied within the two-sublattice model.On the basis of instanton technique in the spin-coherent-state path-integral representation,both the rigorous Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin exponent and pre-exponential factor for the ground-state tunnel splitting are obtained.We find that the quantum fluctuations around the classical paths can not only induce a new quantum phase previously reported by Chiolero and Loss (Phys.Rev.Lett.80(1998)169),but also have great influence on the intensity of the ground-state tunnel splitting.Those features clearly have no analogue in the ferromagnetic molecular magnets.We suggest that they may be the universal behaviors in all antiferromagnetic molecular magnets.The analytical results are complemented by exact diagonalization calculation.
Spin Transport in Ferromagnetic and Antiferromagnetic Textures
Akosa, Collins A.
2016-12-07
In this dissertation, we provide an accurate description of spin transport in magnetic textures and in particular, we investigate in detail, the nature of spin torque and magnetic damping in such systems. Indeed, as will be further discussed in this thesis, the current-driven velocity of magnetic textures is related to the ratio between the so-called non-adiabatic torque and magnetic damping. Uncovering the physics underlying these phenomena can lead to the optimal design of magnetic systems with improved efficiency. We identified three interesting classes of systems which have attracted enormous research interest (i) Magnetic textures in systems with broken inversion symmetry: We investigate the nature of magnetic damping in non-centrosymmetric ferromagnets. Based on phenomenological and microscopic derivations, we show that the magnetic damping becomes chiral, i.e. depends on the chirality of the magnetic texture. (ii) Ferromagnetic domain walls, skyrmions and vortices: We address the physics of spin transport in sharp disordered magnetic domain walls and vortex cores. We demonstrate that upon spin-independent scattering, the non-adiabatic torque can be significantly enhanced. Such an enhancement is large for vortex cores compared to transverse domain walls. We also show that the topological spin currents owing in these structures dramatically enhances the non-adiabaticity, an effect unique to non-trivial topological textures (iii) Antiferromagnetic skyrmions: We extend this study to antiferromagnetic skyrmions and show that such an enhanced topological torque also exist in these systems. Even more interestingly, while such a non-adiabatic torque inuences the undesirable transverse velocity of ferromagnetic skyrmions, in antiferromagnetic skyrmions, the topological non-adiabatic torque directly determines the longitudinal velocity. As a consequence, scaling down the antiferromagnetic skyrmion results in a much more efficient spin torque.
Spin-Mechanical Inertia in Antiferromagnet
2016-01-01
The conservation of angular momentum has served as a guiding principle in the coupled dynamics of quantum spins and mechanical rotations. However, in an antiferromagnet with vanishing magnetization, new fundamental rules are required to properly describe spin-mechanical phenomena. Here we demonstrate that the Neel order dynamics affects the mechanical motion of a rigid body by modifying its inertia tensor in the presence of strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. This effect depends on temperat...
Potassium tantalate substrates for neutron experiments on antiferromagnetic perovskite films
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Christen, H M; MacDougall, G J; Kim, H-S; Kim, D H; Boatner, L A; Bennett, C J Callender; Zarestky, J L; Nagler, S E, E-mail: christenhm@ornl.gov
2010-11-01
For the study of antiferromagnetism in thin-film materials, neutron diffraction is a particularly important tool, especially since magnetometry experiments are often complicated by the substrate's strong diamagnetic or paramagnetic contribution. However, the substrate, by necessity, has a lattice parameter that is very similar to that of the film, and in most cases is over 1000 times more massive than the film. Therefore, even weak structural distortions in the substrate crystal may complicate the analysis of magnetic scattering from the film. Here we show that in contrast to most other perovskite substrates (including SrTiO{sub 3}, LaAlO{sub 3}, etc.), KTaO3 provides a uniquely appropriate substrate platform for magnetic diffraction experiments on epitaxial oxide films.
Impurities near an antiferromagnetic-singlet quantum critical point
Mendes-Santos, T.; Costa, N. C.; Batrouni, G.; Curro, N.; dos Santos, R. R.; Paiva, T.; Scalettar, R. T.
2017-02-01
Heavy-fermion systems and other strongly correlated electron materials often exhibit a competition between antiferromagnetic (AF) and singlet ground states. Using exact quantum Monte Carlo simulations, we examine the effect of impurities in the vicinity of such an AF-singlet quantum critical point (QCP), through an appropriately defined "impurity susceptibility" χimp. Our key finding is a connection within a single calculational framework between AF domains induced on the singlet side of the transition and the behavior of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation rate 1 /T1 . We show that local NMR measurements provide a diagnostic for the location of the QCP, which agrees remarkably well with the vanishing of the AF order parameter and large values of χimp.
Barlowite as a canted antiferromagnet: Theory and experiment
Jeschke, Harald O.; Salvat-Pujol, Francesc; Gati, Elena; Hoang, Nguyen Hieu; Wolf, Bernd; Lang, Michael; Schlueter, John A.; Valentí, Roser
2015-09-01
We investigate the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of the newly synthesized mineral barlowite Cu4(OH) 6FBr which contains Cu2 + ions in a perfect kagome arrangement. In contrast to the spin-liquid candidate herbertsmithite ZnCu3(OH)6Cl 2, kagome layers in barlowite are perfectly aligned due to the different bonding environments adopted by F- and Br- compared to Cl-. With the synthesis of this material we unveil a design strategy for layered kagome systems with possible exotic magnetic states. Density functional theory calculations and effective model considerations for Cu4(OH) 6FBr , which has a Cu2 + site coupling the kagome layers, predict a three-dimensional network of exchange couplings, which together with a substantial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya coupling lead to canted antiferromagnetic ordering of this compound in excellent agreement with magnetic susceptibility measurements on single crystals yielding TN=15 K .
Magnetoelastic properties of antiferromagnetically coupled magnetic composite media
Valencia-Cardona, Juan J.; Leo, Perry H.
2016-08-01
We study the magnetic response of a ferromagnetic bilayer with antiferromagnetic coupling, where the layers experience magnetostrictive strains and epitaxial misfit strains. These strains cause the layers to stretch and bend as the magnetic spins of the layers rotate, resulting in elastic energy that adds to the magnetic energy of the system. The magnetic and elastic energies are computed as a function of spin direction in each layer for a given set of material and geometric parameters. By finding the rotations that minimize the total energy, we compute magnetic hysteresis loops for different combinations of magnetic and elastic parameters. The elastic contribution is reflected in the transitions at the corners of the hysteresis curves as well as in the coercive field of the main loop. The details of the elastic contribution depend in a complicated way on the magnetostriction of the layers, the epitaxial strain, the magnetic anisotropies, and the system geometry.
Dynamic magnetic hysteresis and nonlinear susceptibility of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
Kalmykov, Yuri P.; Ouari, Bachir; Titov, Serguey V.
2016-08-01
The nonlinear ac stationary response of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles subjected to both external ac and dc fields of arbitrary strength and orientation is investigated using Brown's continuous diffusion model. The nonlinear complex susceptibility and dynamic magnetic hysteresis (DMH) loops of an individual antiferromagnetic nanoparticle are evaluated and compared with the linear regime for extensive ranges of the anisotropy, the ac and dc magnetic fields, damping, and the specific antiferromagnetic parameter. It is shown that the shape and area of the DMH loops of antiferromagnetic particles are substantially altered by applying a dc field that permits tuning of the specific magnetic power loss in the nanoparticles.
Dynamics of antiferromagnetic skyrmion driven by the spin Hall effect
Jin, Chendong; Song, Chengkun; Wang, Jianbo; Liu, Qingfang
2016-10-01
Magnetic skyrmion moved by the spin-Hall effect is promising for the application of the generation racetrack memories. However, the Magnus force causes a deflected motion of skyrmion, which limits its application. Here, we create an antiferromagnetic skyrmion by injecting a spin-polarized pulse in the nanostripe and investigate the spin Hall effect-induced motion of antiferromagnetic skyrmion by micromagnetic simulations. In contrast to ferromagnetic skyrmion, we find that the antiferromagnetic skyrmion has three evident advantages: (i) the minimum driving current density of antiferromagnetic skyrmion is about two orders smaller than the ferromagnetic skyrmion; (ii) the velocity of the antiferromagnetic skyrmion is about 57 times larger than the ferromagnetic skyrmion driven by the same value of current density; (iii) antiferromagnetic skyrmion can be driven by the spin Hall effect without the influence of Magnus force. In addition, antiferromagnetic skyrmion can move around the pinning sites due to its property of topological protection. Our results present the understanding of antiferromagnetic skyrmion motion driven by the spin Hall effect and may also contribute to the development of antiferromagnetic skyrmion-based racetrack memories.
Room temperature spin-polarizations of Mn-based antiferromagnetic nanoelectrodes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yamada, Toyo Kazu, E-mail: toyoyamada@faculty.chiba-u.jp [Graduate School of Advanced Integration Science, Chiba University, 1-33, Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi 263-8522, Chiba (Japan); Vazquez de Parga, Amadeo L. [Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia IMDEA-Nanociencia and Dep. Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain)
2014-11-03
Antiferromagnets produce no stray field, and therefore, a tip electrode made of antiferromagnetic material has been considered to be the most suitable choice to measure such as magnetoresistance (MR) through single isolated magnetic nanoparticles, molecules, and ultrathin films. Spin polarizations (P) of antiferromagnetic 3-nm, 6-nm, and annealed 3-nm Mn films grown on W tips with a bcc(110) apex as well as bulk-NiMn tips were obtained at 300 K by measuring MR in ultrahigh vacuum by means of spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy using a layerwise antiferromagnetically stacking bct-Mn(001) film electrode. The Mn-coated tips with coverages of 3 and 6 nm exhibited P values of 1 ± 1% and 3 ± 2%, respectively, which tips likely contain α- or strained Mn. With a thermal assist, the crystalline quality and the magnetic stability of the film could increase. The annealed tip exhibited P = 9 ± 2%. The bulk-NiMn tips exhibit spin polarizations of 0 or 6 ± 2% probably depending on the chemical species (Mn or Ni) present at the apex of the tip. Fe-coated W tips were used to estimate the bct-Mn(001) film spin polarization.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V.V. Kulish
2015-06-01
Full Text Available The paper investigates the antiferromagnetic vector distribution in an antiferromagnetic film with a system of antidots. A static distribution of the antiferromagnetic vector is written and a method – based on the minimization of the antiferromagnet energy – that allows reducing the number of boundary conditions required for finding the constants of this distribution is proposed. Equations for the distribution constants are obtained for the both cases of minimizing the antiferromagnet energy by one and by two distribution constants that enter the expression for the antiferromagnet energy. The method is illustrated on a system of one isolated antidot. For such system, one additional condition – for the case when two boundary conditions on the surface of the antidot are given – and two additional conditions – for the case when one boundary condition on the surface of the antidot is given – on the distribution constants are written.
High-Tc spin superfluidity in antiferromagnets.
Bunkov, Yu M; Alakshin, E M; Gazizulin, R R; Klochkov, A V; Kuzmin, V V; L'vov, V S; Tagirov, M S
2012-04-27
We report the observation of the unusual behavior of induction decay signals in antiferromagnetic monocrystals with Suhl-Nakamura interactions. The signals show the formation of the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of magnons and the existence of spin supercurrent, in complete analogy with the spin superfluidity in the superfluid (3)He and the atomic BEC of quantum gases. In the experiments described here, the temperature of the magnon BEC is a thousand times larger than in the superfluid (3)He. It opens a possibility to apply the spin supercurrent for various magnetic spintronics applications.
Classical and quantum anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
W. Selke
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We study classical and quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets with exchange anisotropy of XXZ-type and crystal field single-ion terms of quadratic and quartic form in a field. The magnets display a variety of phases, including the spin-flop (or, in the quantum case, spin-liquid and biconical (corresponding, in the quantum lattice gas description, to supersolid phases. Applying ground-state considerations, Monte Carlo and density matrix renormalization group methods, the impact of quantum effects and lattice dimension is analysed. Interesting critical and multicritical behaviour may occur at quantum and thermal phase transitions.
Frustrated 3×3 Heisenberg antiferromagnets
Moustanis, P. N.
2016-08-01
The full energy spectrum and the exact thermodynamic results of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Hamiltonian of the 3×3 triangular and the frustrated square lattice with periodic boundary conditions and s=1/2 are obtained. To this end the method of hierarchy of algebras is employed. It was found that the ground state of the 3×3 frustrated square lattice is a Resonating Valence Bond (RVB) state. Thermodynamic properties, like the specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, the thermal average of the square of the total Sz and entropy, for these two lattices are presented.
Antiferromagnetic noise correlations in optical lattices
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bruun, Niels Bohr International Academy, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark, Georg Morten; Syljuåsen, F. T.; Pedersen, K. G. L.;
2009-01-01
We analyze how noise correlations probed by time-of-flight experiments reveal antiferromagnetic (AF) correlations of fermionic atoms in two-dimensional and three-dimensional optical lattices. Combining analytical and quantum Monte Carlo calculations using experimentally realistic parameters, we...... show that AF correlations can be detected for temperatures above and below the critical temperature for AF ordering. It is demonstrated that spin-resolved noise correlations yield important information about the spin ordering. Finally, we show how to extract the spin correlation length and the related...
Lattice distortion in disordered antiferromagnetic XY models
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Peng-Fei; Cao Hai-Jing
2012-01-01
The behavior of lattice distortion in spin 1/2 antiferromagnetic XY models with random magnetic modulation is investigated with the consideration of spin-phonon coupling in the adiabatic limit.It is found that lattice distortion relies on the strength of the random modulation.For strong or weak enough spin-phonon couplings,the average lattice distortion may decrease or increase as the random modulation is strengthened.This may be the result of competition between the random magnetic modulation and the spin-phonon coupling.
Switching of antiferromagnetic chains with magnetic pulses
Tao, Kun; Polyakov, Oleg P.; Stepanyuk, Valeri S.
2016-04-01
Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the possibility of information storage in short antiferromagnetic chains on an insulator substrate [S. Loth et al., Science 335, 196 (2012), 10.1126/science.1214131]. Here, using the density functional theory and atomistic spin dynamics simulations, we show that a local magnetic control of such chains with a magnetic tip and magnetic pulses can be used for fast switching of their magnetization. Furthermore, by changing the position of the tip one can engineer the magnetization dynamics of the chains.
Easy moment direction and antiferromagnetic domain wall motion in Mn2Au
Barthem, Vitoria M. T. S.; Colin, Claire V.; Haettel, Richard; Dufeu, Didier; Givord, Dominique
2016-05-01
The interest of giving active functions to antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials in spintronics devices has been realized recently. Mn2Au is a high-Néel temperature antiferromagnet with large Mn moment, lying in plane of the tetragonal structure. To determine the direction of the moments in Mn2Au, an original approach is demonstrated, which should be generic to planar AFM materials. It involves the rotation of the granular sample around an axis perpendicular to the applied magnetic field. The family of easy moment directions is . For grains prevented from rotating, the dominant magnetization process is AFM domain wall motion. Textured Mn2Au nanoelements could be introduced in spintronics devices, in which the Mn moments would be switched under modest external excitation.
Antiferromagnetic phase diagram of the cuprate superconductors
Nunes, L. H. C. M.; Teixeira, A. W.; Marino, E. C.
2017-02-01
Taking the spin-fermion model as the starting point for describing the cuprate superconductors, we obtain an effective nonlinear sigma-field hamiltonian, which takes into account the effect of doping in the system. We obtain an expression for the spin-wave velocity as a function of the chemical potential. For appropriate values of the parameters we determine the antiferromagnetic phase diagram for the YBa2Cu3O6+x compound as a function of the dopant concentration in good agreement with the experimental data. Furthermore, our approach provides a unified description for the phase diagrams of the hole-doped and the electron doped compounds, which is consistent with the remarkable similarity between the phase diagrams of these compounds, since we have obtained the suppression of the antiferromagnetic phase as the modulus of the chemical potential increases. The aforementioned result then follows by considering positive values of the chemical potential related to the addition of holes to the system, while negative values correspond to the addition of electrons.
Charge Stripes and Antiferromagnetism in Copper-Oxide Superconductors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tranquada, J.M.
1997-12-31
Superconducting cuprate compounds are obtained by doping holes into antiferromagnetic insulators. Neutron scattering studies have provided evidence that the doped holes tend to segregate into charge stripes, which act like domain walls between antiferromagnetic regions. The interaction between the spatially segregated holes and the magnetic domains may be responsible for the strong pairing interaction found in the cuprates.
Gruyters, M; Schmitz, D
2008-02-22
Exchange bias in layered CoO/Fe structures is investigated by x-ray resonant magnetic reflectivity (XRMR) measurements. Element-specific hysteresis loops are obtained from x-ray magnetic circular dichroism effects in the XRMR spectra. Evidence is provided for the existence of different types of uncompensated moments in the antiferromagnetic material. Explanations are given for the microscopic nature of these moments and the complex exchange interactions that determine the magnetization reversal in exchange bias systems.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Takashi Yanagisawa
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We investigate the ground state of two-dimensional Hubbard model on the basis of the variational Monte Carlo method. We use wave functions that include kinetic correlation and doublon-holon correlation beyond the Gutzwiller ansatz. It is still not clear whether the Hubbard model accounts for high-temperature superconductivity. The antiferromagnetic correlation plays a key role in the study of pairing mechanism because the superconductive phase exists usually close to the antiferromagnetic phase. We investigate the stability of the antiferromagnetic state when holes are doped as a function of the Coulomb repulsion U. We show that the antiferromagnetic correlation is suppressed as U is increased exceeding the bandwidth. High-temperature superconductivity is possible in this region with enhanced antiferromagnetic spin fluctuation and pairing interaction.
Golub, V. O.; Lvov, V. A.; Aseguinolaza, I.; Salyuk, O.; Popadiuk, D.; Kharlan, Y.; Kakazei, G. N.; Araujo, J. P.; Barandiaran, J. M.; Chernenko, V. A.
2017-01-01
Magnetic properties of N i46.0M n36.8S n11.4C o5.8/MgO (001 ) epitaxial thin film, which undergo a martensitic phase transformation from cubic austenitic phase to a twinned orthorhombic martensitic phase at 270 K, were studied by the magnetic resonance at the microwave frequency of 9.45 GHz. It was found that the single resonance line observed in the austenite splits into three lines in the martensitic phase. A theoretical approach was developed to show that the additional resonance lines are caused by the weak antiferromagnetic coupling of the ferromagnetic twin components across twin boundaries. Fitting of the experimental resonance lines to model gives an effective field of antiferromagnetic coupling of about 1.5 kOe, which is two or three orders of magnitude lower than in the conventional antiferromagnetic solids because the number of magnetic ions interacting antiferromagnetically through the twin boundary is much less than the total number of magnetic ions in the twin. This feature shows a strong resemblance between the submicron twinned martensite and artificial antiferromagnetic superlattices, whereby providing a distinctive insight into magnetism of the studied magnetic shape memory material.
dos Reis, R D; da Silva, L M; dos Santos, A O; Medina, A M N; Cardoso, L P; Gandra, F G
2010-12-08
Magnetocaloric properties of antiferromagnetic RGa(2) (R = Ce, Pr, Nd, Dy, Ho and Er) compounds have been reported. These systems present an antiferromagnetic transition below 15 K and a field induced metamagnetic transition from the antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic state. Our results show that the character of the magnetic field induced transition along the series affects the magnetocaloric properties. For the compounds with R = Ho, Dy and Er both negative and positive magnetocaloric effect (MCE) were observed above μ(0)ΔH = 2 T where the rate between negative and positive MCE contributions depends on how the magnetic transitions occur in these compounds. The evaluated values of maximum magnetocaloric properties of RGa(2) compounds are similar to other potential magnetic refrigerant materials reported in the literature.
Magnetic excitation spectrum of the square lattice S=1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet K2V3O8
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lumsden, M.D.; Nagler, S.E.; Sales, B.C.;
2006-01-01
We have explored the magnetic excitation spectrum of the S=1/2 square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet, K2V3O8, using both triple-axis and time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering. The long-wavelength spin waves are consistent with the previously determined Hamiltonian for this material...
Spin-resolved photoemission anti-ferromagnets : Direct observation of Zhang-Rice singlets in CuO
Tjeng, LH; Sinkovic, B; Brookes, NB; Goedkoop, JB; Hesper, R; Pellegrin, E; deGroot, FMF; Altieri, S; Hulbert, SL; Shekel, E; Sawatzky, GA
1997-01-01
We demonstrate that it is possible to obtain spin-resolved valence band spectra with a very high degree of spin polarization from antiferromagnetic transition metal materials if the excitation light is circularly polarized and has an energy close to the cation 2p(3/2) (L(3)) white line. We are able
Spin dynamics in geometrically frustrated antiferromagnetic pyrochlores
Gardner, J. S.; Ehlers, G.; Bramwell, S. T.; Gaulin, B. D.
2004-03-01
We have studied the spin dynamics of several antiferromagnetic pyrochlore oxides. These magnets are geometrically frustrated and only reach their ground states at temperatures much lower than that expected from mean field theory. Here we present data on the magnetic nature, especially the spin dynamics of Tb2Ti2O7, Gd2Ti2O7 and Y2Mo2O7. In these systems the ground states are found to be very different. Y2Mo2O7 freezes completely into a spin glass-like state, Tb2Ti2O7 is a cooperative paramagnetic and remains dynamic down to 15 mK and Gd2Ti2O7 enters a unique partially ordered state at {\\sim }1 K.
Landau model for the multiferroic delafossite antiferromagnets
Ribeiro, J. L.; Perez-Mato, J. M.; Vieira, L. G.
2016-10-01
A symmetry based framework is used to describe the complex phase diagrams observed in the multiferroic delafossite compounds. A free energy Landau functional is derived from the analysis of the transformation properties of the most general incommensurate magnetic spin order parameter. A principle of maximal symmetry is invoked and the stability of each of the different higher symmetry phases considered. The competition between different potential ground states is analysed within the scope of a simplified model, which emphasizes the role of the symmetry allowed phase dependent biquadratic couplings. The cross-over between the different competing states is also discussed. The results show that the diverse set of phase diagrams that are experimentally observed in this class of triangular lattice antiferromagnets and, in particular, the stabilization of magnetically induced ferroelectric states, can be well interpreted and described within this integrated phenomenological approximation.
Dynamic rotor mode in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lefmann, Kim; Jacobsen, H.; Garde, J.;
2015-01-01
. The frequency of the rotor mode behaves in fair agreement with a simple analytical model, based on a high-temperature approximation of the generally accepted Hamiltonian of the system. The extracted model parameters, such as the magnetic interaction and the axial anisotropy, are in excellent agreement......We present experimental, numerical, and theoretical evidence for an unusual mode of antiferromagnetic dynamics in nanoparticles. Elastic neutron scattering experiments on 8-nm particles of hematite display a loss of diffraction intensity with temperature, the intensity vanishing around 150 K...... measured neutron data and reveal that thermally activated spin canting gives rise to an unusual type of coherent magnetic precession mode. This "rotor" mode can be seen as a high-temperature version of superparamagnetism and is driven by exchange interactions between the two magnetic sublattices...
Transformation of spin current by antiferromagnetic insulators
Khymyn, Roman; Lisenkov, Ivan; Tiberkevich, Vasil S.; Slavin, Andrei N.; Ivanov, Boris A.
2016-06-01
It is demonstrated theoretically that a thin layer of an anisotropic antiferromagnetic (AFM) insulator can effectively conduct spin current through the excitation of a pair of evanescent AFM spin wave modes. The spin current flowing through the AFM is not conserved due to the interaction between the excited AFM modes and the AFM lattice and, depending on the excitation conditions, can be either attenuated or enhanced. When the phase difference between the excited evanescent modes is close to π /2 , there is an optimum AFM thickness for which the output spin current reaches a maximum, which can significantly exceed the magnitude of the input spin current. The spin current transfer through the AFM depends on the ambient temperature and increases substantially when temperature approaches the Néel temperature of the AFM layer.
Antiferromagnetic spin wave and the superconductivity
Koh, Shun-ichiro
2000-07-01
The neutron scattering of UPd 2Al 3 showed that a sharp peak, which is absent in the normal phase, appears in the superconducting phase (Metoki et al., J. Phys. Soc. Japan 66 (1997) 2560; Bernhoeft et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 (1998) 4244). Assuming this excitation to be an antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin-wave, this paper deals with its enhancement by the superconductivity. Applying the slave-boson formalism, we consider the AFM ordering as a spin-density-wave (Koh, Phys. Lett. A 253 (1999) 98). Above Tc, the spin-wave suffers an energy dissipation due to the conduction electron. Below Tc, the superconductivity suppresses the dissipation, resulting in the growth of the AFM spin-wave.
Fractal dimension in percolating Heisenberg antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Itoh, S. [Neutron Science Laboratory, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba 305-0810 (Japan)]. E-mail: shinichi.itoh@kek.jp; Kajimoto, R. [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai 319-1195 (Japan); Adams, M.A. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Bull, M.J. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Iwasa, K. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Aso, N. [Neutron Science Laboratory, Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokai 319-1106 (Japan); Yoshizawa, H. [Neutron Science Laboratory, Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokai 319-1106 (Japan); Takeuchi, T. [Low Temperature Center, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560-0043 (Japan)
2007-03-15
We investigated static and dynamical properties in the three-dimensional percolating Heisenberg antiferromagnets, RbMn{sub c}Mg{sub 1-c}F{sub 3}, with the magnetic concentration close to the percolation threshold, c{sub P}=0.312, around the superlattice point well below T{sub N}. In neutron diffraction experiment, the wave number dependence of the elastic scattering component was well fitted to q{sup -x}. Magnetic fractons were also studied using inelastic neutron scattering, and the observed fractons showed the dispersion relation of q{sup z}. The determined exponents, x=2.43+/-0.05 and z=2.5+/-0.1, were in good agreement with the fractal dimension (D{sub f}=2.48)
Quasiparticle bandstructure of antiferromagnetic EuTe
Mathi Jaya, S.; Nolting, W.
1997-11-01
The temperature-dependent electronic quasiparticle spectrum of the antiferromagnetic semiconductor EuTe is derived by use of a combination of a many-body model procedure with a tight-binding - `linear muffin tin orbital' (TB - LMTO) band structure calculation. The central part is the d - f model for a single band electron (`test electron') being exchange coupled to the antiferromagnetically ordered localized moments of the Eu ions. The single-electron Bloch energies of the d - f model are taken from a TB - LMTO calculation for paramagnetic EuTe. The d - f model is evaluated by a recently proposed moment conserving Green function technique to get the temperature-dependent sublattice - quasiparticle bandstructure (S - QBS) and sublattice - quasiparticle density of states (S - QDOS) of the unoccupied 5d - 6s energy bands. Unconventional correlation effects and the appearance of characteristic quasiparticles (`magnetic polarons') are worked out in detail. The temperature dependence of the S - QDOS and S - QBS is mainly provoked by the spectral weights of the energy dispersions. Minority- and majority-spin spectra coincide for all temperatures but with different densities of states. Upon cooling from 0953-8984/9/47/012/img1 to T = 0 K the lower conduction band edge exhibits a small blue shift of -0.025 eV in accordance with the experiment. Quasiparticle damping manifesting itself in a temperature-dependent broadening of the spectral density peaks arises from spin exchange processes between (5d - 6s) conduction band electrons and localized 4f moments.
A Holographic Model for Paramagnetism/antiferromagnetism Phase Transition
Cai, Rong-Gen
2014-01-01
In this paper we build a holographic model of paramagnetism/antiferromagnetism phase transition, which is realized by introducing two real antisymmetric tensor fields coupling to the background gauge field strength and interacting with each other in a dyonic black brane background. In the case without external magnetic field and in low temperatures, the magnetic moments condense spontaneously in antiparallel manner with the same magnitude, which leads to an antiferromagnetic phase. In the case with weak external magnetic field, the magnetic susceptibility density has a peak at the critical temperature and satisfies the Curie-Weiss law in the paramagnetic phase of antiferromagnetism.
Reversal of exchange bias in nanocrystalline antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic bilayers
Prados, C; Hernando, A; Montone, A
2002-01-01
The sign of the exchange bias in field cooled nanocrystalline antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic bilayers (Co-O and Ni-O/permalloy) is reversed at temperatures approaching the antiferromagnetic (AFM) blocking temperature. A similar phenomenon is observed after magnetic training processes at similar temperatures. These effects can be explained assuming that the boundaries of nanocrystalline grains in AFM layers exhibit lower transition temperatures than grain cores.
An hour-glass magnetic spectrum in an insulating, hole-doped antiferromagnet.
Boothroyd, A T; Babkevich, P; Prabhakaran, D; Freeman, P G
2011-03-17
Superconductivity in layered copper oxide compounds emerges when charge carriers are added to antiferromagnetically ordered CuO(2) layers. The carriers destroy the antiferromagnetic order, but strong spin fluctuations persist throughout the superconducting phase and are intimately linked to superconductivity. Neutron scattering measurements of spin fluctuations in hole-doped copper oxides have revealed an unusual 'hour-glass' feature in the momentum-resolved magnetic spectrum that is present in a wide range of superconducting and non-superconducting materials. There is no widely accepted explanation for this feature. One possibility is that it derives from a pattern of alternating spin and charge stripes, and this idea is supported by measurements on stripe-ordered La(1.875)Ba(0.125)CuO(4) (ref. 15). Many copper oxides without stripe order, however, also exhibit an hour-glass spectrum. Here we report the observation of an hour-glass magnetic spectrum in a hole-doped antiferromagnet from outside the family of superconducting copper oxides. Our system has stripe correlations and is an insulator, which means that its magnetic dynamics can conclusively be ascribed to stripes. The results provide compelling evidence that the hour-glass spectrum in the copper oxide superconductors arises from fluctuating stripes.
Electrically tunable transport and high-frequency dynamics in antiferromagnetic S r3I r2O7
Seinige, Heidi; Williamson, Morgan; Shen, Shida; Wang, Cheng; Cao, Gang; Zhou, Jianshi; Goodenough, John B.; Tsoi, Maxim
2016-12-01
We report dc and high-frequency transport properties of antiferromagnetic S r3I r2O7 . Temperature-dependent resistivity measurements show that the activation energy of this material can be tuned by an applied dc electrical bias. The latter allows for continuous variations in the sample resistivity of as much as 50% followed by a reversible resistive switching at higher biases. Such a switching is of high interest for antiferromagnetic applications in high-speed memory devices. Interestingly, we found the switching behavior to be strongly affected by a high-frequency (microwave) current applied to the sample. The microwaves at 3-7 GHz suppress the dc switching and produce resonancelike features that we tentatively associated with the dissipationless magnonics recently predicted to occur in antiferromagnetic insulators subject to ac electric fields. We have characterized the effects of microwave irradiation on electronic transport in S r3I r2O7 as a function of microwave frequency and power, strength and direction of external magnetic field, strength and polarity of applied dc bias, and temperature. Our observations support the potential of antiferromagnetic materials for high-speed/high-frequency spintronic applications.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Onuki, Y.; Umezawa, A.; Kwok, W.K.; Crabtree, G.W.; Nishihara, M.; Yamazaki, T.; Omi, T.; Komatsubara, T.
1987-08-01
The transport properties and the de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) effect have been measured for antiferromagnetic PrB/sub 6/ and NdB/sub 6/. The number of conduction electrons is approximately one per unit cell. The magnetoresistance shows the existence of open orbits implying a multiply connected Fermi surface. The angular dependence of the magnetoresistance is roughly similar to that of the reference material, LaB/sub 6/. The dHvA data in PrB/sub 6/ shows both paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic Fermi surfaces. The antiferromagnetic Fermi surface arises from new magnetic Brillouin zone boundaries and antiferromagnetic gaps introduced by the magnetic order, and the paramagnetic Fermi surface from magnetic breakdown through the small antiferromagnetic gaps in high field. Hybridization between the conduction electrons and the f electrons has been observed through the cyclotron masses, which in PrB/sub 6/ are three times larger than the corresponding masses of LaB/sub 6/. In NdB/sub 6/ only the antiferromagnetic Fermi surface, quite different from those of LaB/sub 6/ and PrB/sub 6/, has been observed. 26 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.
Thermally activated repolarization of antiferromagnetic particles: Monte Carlo dynamics
Soloviev, S. V.; Popkov, A. F.; Knizhnik, A. A.; Iskandarova, I. M.
2017-02-01
Based on the equation of motion of an antiferromagnetic moment, taking into account a random field of thermal fluctuations, we propose a Monte Carlo (MC) scheme for the numerical simulation of the evolutionary dynamics of an antiferromagnetic particle, corresponding to the Langevin dynamics in the Kramers theory for the two-well potential. Conditions for the selection of the sphere of fluctuations of random deviations of the antiferromagnetic vector at an MC time step are found. A good agreement with the theory of Kramers thermal relaxation is demonstrated for varying temperatures and heights of energy barrier over a wide range of integration time steps in an overdamped regime. Based on the developed scheme, we performed illustrative calculations of the temperature drift of the exchange bias under the fast annealing of a ferromagnet-antiferromagnet structure, taking into account the random variation of anisotropy directions in antiferromagnetic grains and their sizes. The proposed approach offers promise for modeling magnetic sensors and spintronic memory devices containing heterostructures with antiferromagnetic layers.
Landau model for the multiferroic delafossite antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ribeiro, J.L, E-mail: jlr@fisica.uminho.pt [Centro de Física da Universidade do Minho, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal); Perez-Mato, J.M [Dpto. de Física de la Materia Condensada, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco, Apartado 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Vieira, L.G [Centro de Física da Universidade do Minho, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal)
2016-10-15
A symmetry based framework is used to describe the complex phase diagrams observed in the multiferroic delafossite compounds. A free energy Landau functional is derived from the analysis of the transformation properties of the most general incommensurate magnetic spin order parameter. A principle of maximal symmetry is invoked and the stability of each of the different higher symmetry phases considered. The competition between different potential ground states is analysed within the scope of a simplified model, which emphasizes the role of the symmetry allowed phase dependent biquadratic couplings. The cross-over between the different competing states is also discussed. The results show that the diverse set of phase diagrams that are experimentally observed in this class of triangular lattice antiferromagnets and, in particular, the stabilization of magnetically induced ferroelectric states, can be well interpreted and described within this integrated phenomenological approximation. - Highlights: • Symmetry considerations are used to analyze the phase diagrams of the compounds. • The competition between possible ground states is discussed. • The field induced transitions between competing states are described.
Nonequilibrium antiferromagnetic mixed-spin Ising model.
Godoy, Mauricio; Figueiredo, Wagner
2002-09-01
We studied an antiferromagnetic mixed-spin Ising model on the square lattice subject to two competing stochastic processes. The model system consists of two interpenetrating sublattices of spins sigma=1/2 and S=1, and we take only nearest neighbor interactions between pairs of spins. The system is in contact with a heat bath at temperature T, and the exchange of energy with the heat bath occurs via one-spin flip (Glauber dynamics). Besides, the system interacts with an external agency of energy, which supplies energy to it whenever two nearest neighboring spins are simultaneously flipped. By employing Monte Carlo simulations and a dynamical pair approximation, we found the phase diagram for the stationary states of the model in the plane temperature T versus the competition parameter between one- and two-spin flips p. We observed the appearance of three distinct phases, that are separated by continuous transition lines. We also determined the static critical exponents along these lines and we showed that this nonequilibrium model belongs to the universality class of the two-dimensional equilibrium Ising model.
Spin torque antiferromagnetic nanooscillator in the presence of magnetic noise
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H. Gomonay
2012-12-01
Full Text Available Spin-torque effects in antiferromagnetic (AFM materials are of great interest due to the possible applications as high-speed spintronic devices. In the present paper we analyze the statistical properties of the current-driven AFM nanooscillator that result from the white Gaussian noise of magnetic nature. According to the peculiarities of deterministic dynamics, we derive the Langevin and Fokker-Planck equations in the energy representation of two normal modes. We find the stationary distribution function in the subcritical and overcritical regimes and calculate the current dependence of the average energy, energy fluctuation and their ratio (quality factor. The noncritical mode shows the Boltzmann statistics with the current-dependent effective temperature in the whole range of the current values. The effective temperature of the other, i.e., soft, mode critically depends on the current in the subcritical region. Distribution function of the soft mode follows the Gaussian law above the generation threshold. In the overcritical regime, the total average energy and the quality factor grow with the current value. This raises the AFM nanooscillators to the promising candidates for active spintronic components.
Insight into the antiferromagnetic structure manipulated by electronic reconstruction
Cui, B.; Li, F.; Song, C.; Peng, J. J.; Saleem, M. S.; Gu, Y. D.; Li, S. N.; Wang, K. L.; Pan, F.
2016-10-01
Antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials, with robust rigidity to magnetic field perturbations and ultrafast spin dynamics, show great advantages in information storage and have developed into a fast-emerging field of AFM spintronics. However, a direct characterization of spin alignments in AFM films has been challenging, and their manipulation by lattice distortion and magnetic proximity is inevitably accompanied by "ferromagnetic" features within the AFM matrix. Here we resolve the G -type AFM structure of SrCo O2.5 and find that the interfacial AFM structure could be modulated intrinsically from in plane to out of plane with a canted angle of 60∘ by the charge transfer and orbital reconstruction in SrCo O2.5/L a2 /3S r1 /3Mn O3 heterostructures both experimentally and theoretically. Such an interfacial AFM reconfiguration caused by electronic reconstruction does not cause the ferromagnetic feature and changes the magnetization switching process of L a2 /3S r1 /3Mn O3 from in plane to perpendicular to the plane, in turn. Our study not only reveals the coupling between charge, orbital, and AFM structure, but also provides a unique approach to manipulating AFM structure.
Order by virtual crystal field fluctuations in pyrochlore XY antiferromagnets
Rau, Jeffrey G.; Petit, Sylvain; Gingras, Michel J. P.
2016-05-01
Conclusive evidence of order by disorder is scarce in real materials. Perhaps one of the strongest cases presented has been for the pyrochlore XY antiferromagnet Er2Ti2O7 , with the ground state selection proceeding by order by disorder induced through the effects of quantum fluctuations. This identification assumes the smallness of the effect of virtual crystal field fluctuations that could provide an alternative route to picking the ground state. Here we show that this order by virtual crystal field fluctuations is not only significant, but competitive with the effects of quantum fluctuations. Further, we argue that higher-multipolar interactions that are generically present in rare-earth magnets can dramatically enhance this effect. From a simplified bilinear-biquadratic model of these multipolar interactions, we show how the virtual crystal field fluctuations manifest in Er2Ti2O7 using a combination of strong-coupling perturbation theory and the random-phase approximation. We find that the experimentally observed ψ2 state is indeed selected and the experimentally measured excitation gap can be reproduced when the bilinear and biquadratic couplings are comparable while maintaining agreement with the entire experimental spin-wave excitation spectrum. Finally, we comment on possible tests of this scenario and discuss implications for other order-by-disorder candidates in rare-earth magnets.
Wang, Bo-Yao; Lin, Po-Han; Tsai, Ming-Shian; Shih, Chun-Wei; Lee, Meng-Ju; Huang, Chun-Wei; Jih, Nae-Yeou; Wei, Der-Hsin
2016-08-01
This study demonstrates the effect of antiferromagnet-induced perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) on ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic (FM/AFM/FM) trilayers and reveals its interplay with a long-range interlayer coupling between separated FM layers. In epitaxially grown 12 monolayer (ML) Ni/Co/Mn/5 ML Co/Cu(001) films, magnetic hysteresis loops and element-resolved magnetic domain imaging showed that the magnetization direction of the top layers of 12 ML Ni/Co films could be changed from the in-plane direction to the perpendicular direction, when the thickness of the Mn films (tMn) was greater than a critical value close to the thickness threshold associated with the onset of AFM ordering (tMn=3.5 ML). The top FM layers exhibited a significantly enhanced PMA when tMn increased further, and this enhancement can be attributed to a strengthened AFM ordering of the volume moments of the Mn films, as evidenced by the presence of induced domain frustration. By contrast, the long-range interlayer coupling presented clear effects only when tMn was at a lower coverage.
Quasiparticle band structure of antiferromagnetic Eu Te
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mathi Jaya, S.; Nolting, W. [Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Institut fuer Physik, Lehrstuhl Festkoerpertheorie, Invalidenstrasse 110, D-10115 Berlin (Germany)
1997-11-24
The temperature-dependent electronic quasiparticle spectrum of the antiferromagnetic semiconductor Eu Te is derived by use of a combination of a many-body model procedure with a tight-binding-'linear muffin tin orbital' (TB - LMTO) band structure calculation. The central part is the d-f model for a single band electron ('test electron') being exchange coupled to the anti ferromagnetically ordered localized moments of the Eu ions. The single-electron Bloch energies of the d-f model are taken from a TB-LMTO calculation for paramagnetic Eu Te. The d-f model is evaluated by a recently proposed moment conserving Green function technique to get the temperature-dependent sublattice-quasiparticle band structure (S-QBS) and sublattice-quasiparticle density of states (S-QDOS) of the unoccupied 5 d-6 s energy bands. Unconventional correlation effects and the appearance of characteristic quasiparticles ('magnetic polarons') are worked out in detail. The temperature dependence of the S-QDOS and S-QBS is mainly provoked by the spectral weights of the energy dispersions. Minority- and majority-spin spectra coincide for all temperatures but with different densities of states. Upon cooling from T{sub N} to T = 0 K the lower conduction band edge exhibits a small blue shift of -0.025 eV in accordance with the experiment. Quasiparticle damping manifesting itself in a temperature-dependent broadening of the spectral density peaks arises from spin exchange processes between (5 d-6 s) conduction band electrons and localized 4 f moments. (author)
Spin freezing in the geometrically frustrated pyrochlore antiferromagnet Tb2Mo2O7
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gaulin, B.D.; Reimers, J.N.; Mason, T.E.
1992-01-01
The magnetic metal ions in the cubic pyrochlore Tb2Mo2O7 form an infinite three-dimensional network of corner-sharing tetrahedra with a very high potential for frustration in the presence of antiferromagnetism. We have performed neutron scattering measurements which show short-range spatial...... correlations that develop continuously with decreasing temperature, while the characteristic time scale for the fluctuating moments decreases dramatically below T(f) is similar to 25 K. Therefore, this pure material, which possesses frustration that is purely geometrical in origin, displays a spin-glass state...
Magnetic phase diagrams of classical triangular and kagome antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gvozdikova, M V [Department of Physics, Kharkov National University, 61077 Kharkov (Ukraine); Melchy, P-E; Zhitomirsky, M E, E-mail: mike.zhitomirsky@cea.fr [Service de Physique Statistique, Magnetisme et Supraconductivite, UMR-E9001 CEA-INAC/UJF, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)
2011-04-27
We investigate the effect of geometrical frustration on the H-T phase diagrams of the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets on triangular and kagome lattices. The phase diagrams for the two models are obtained from large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. For the kagome antiferromagnet, thermal fluctuations are unable to lift degeneracy completely and stabilize translationally disordered multipolar phases. We find a substantial difference in the temperature scales of the order by disorder effect related to different degeneracy of the low- and the high-field classical ground states in the kagome antiferromagnet. In the low-field regime, the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition into a spin-nematic phase is produced by unbinding of half-quantum vortices.
Magnetic and structural properties of antiferromagnetic VF{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Reuvekamp, Patrick; Kremer, Reinhard; Eger, Roland [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Nenert, Gwilherm; Hansen, Thomas [Institut Laue-Langevin, 38042 Grenoble (France)
2013-07-01
We report on a magnetic and structural investigation of layered antiferromagnetic system vanadium (III) fluoride. VF{sub 3} crystallizes in a distorted ReO{sub 3} structure (R anti 3c) with rotated undistorted VF{sub 6} octahedra. The V{sup +3} cations are arranged in a triangular lattice with the possibility of exhibiting magnetic frustration. Polycrystalline samples of VF{sub 3} were investigated using heat capacity, dielectric, magnetic susceptibility and neutron powder diffraction methods. Combining our results, we confirmed that VF{sub 3} undergoes long-range antiferromagnetic order at ∝19 K in accordance with literature. The antiferromagnetic order results in a magnetic structure with the magnetic moments alternating between a parallel and b parallel alignments in the ab plane. A second phase transition can be seen at ∝120 K in the heat capacity and dielectric measurements possibly associated to a minute structural distortion.
Kondo Screening and Fermi Surface in the Antiferromagnetic Metal Phase
Yamamoto, Seiji; Si, Qimiao
2006-03-01
We address the Kondo effect deep inside the antiferromagnetic metal phase of a Kondo lattice Hamiltonian with SU(2) invariance. The local- moment component is described in terms of a non-linear sigma model. The Fermi surface of the conduction electron component is taken to be sufficiently small, so that it is not spanned by the antiferromagnetic wavevector. The effective low energy form of the Kondo coupling simplifies drastically, corresponding to the uniform component of the magnetization that forward-scatters the conduction electrons on their own Fermi surface. We use a combined bosonic and fermionic (Shankar) renormalization group procedure to analyze this effective theory and study the Kondo screening and Fermi surface in the antiferromagnetic phase. The implications for the global magnetic phase diagram, as well as quantum critical points, of heavy fermion metals are discussed.
Magnetic phase diagrams of classical triangular and kagome antiferromagnets.
Gvozdikova, M V; Melchy, P-E; Zhitomirsky, M E
2011-04-27
We investigate the effect of geometrical frustration on the H-T phase diagrams of the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets on triangular and kagome lattices. The phase diagrams for the two models are obtained from large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. For the kagome antiferromagnet, thermal fluctuations are unable to lift degeneracy completely and stabilize translationally disordered multipolar phases. We find a substantial difference in the temperature scales of the order by disorder effect related to different degeneracy of the low- and the high-field classical ground states in the kagome antiferromagnet. In the low-field regime, the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition into a spin-nematic phase is produced by unbinding of half-quantum vortices.
Nematic antiferromagnetic states in bulk FeSe
Liu, Kai; Lu, Zhong-Yi; Xiang, Tao
2016-05-01
The existence of nematic order, which breaks the lattice rotational symmetry with nonequivalent a and b axes in iron-based superconductors, is a well-established experimental fact. An antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition is accompanying this order, observed in nearly all parent compounds, except bulk FeSe. The absence of the AFM order in FeSe casts doubt on the magnetic mechanism of iron-based superconductivity, since the nematic order is believed to be driven by the same interaction that is responsible for the superconducting pairing in these materials. Here we show, through systematic first-principles electronic structure calculations, that the ground state of FeSe is in fact strongly AFM correlated but without developing a magnetic long-range order. Actually, there are a series of staggered n -mer AFM states with corresponding energies below that of the single stripe AFM state, which is the ground state for the parent compounds of most iron-based superconductors. Here, the staggered n -mer (n any integer >1 ) means a set of n adjacent parallel spins on a line along the b axis with antiparallel spins between n -mers along both a and b axes. Moreover, different n -mers can antiparallelly mix with each other to coexist. Among all the states, we find that the lowest energy states formed by the staggered dimer, staggered trimer, and their random antiparallel aligned spin states along the b axis are quasidegenerate. The thermal average of these states does not show any magnetic long-range order, but it does possess a hidden one-dimensional AFM order along the a axis, which can be detected by elastic neutron scattering measurements. Our finding gives a natural account for the absence of long-range magnetic order and suggests that the nematicity is driven predominantly by spin fluctuations even in bulk FeSe, providing a unified description on the phase diagram of iron-based superconductors.
Magnetization damping in noncollinear spin valves with antiferromagnetic interlayer couplings
Chiba, Takahiro; Bauer, Gerrit E. W.; Takahashi, Saburo
2015-08-01
We study the magnetic damping in the simplest of synthetic antiferromagnets, i.e., antiferromagnetically exchange-coupled spin valves, in the presence of applied magnetic fields that enforce noncolliear magnetic configurations. We formulate the dynamic exchange of spin currents in a noncollinear texture based on the spin-diffusion theory with quantum mechanical boundary conditions at the ferrromagnet/normal-metal interfaces and derive the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equations coupled by the interlayer static and dynamic exchange interactions. We predict noncollinearity-induced additional damping that is modulated by an applied magnetic field. We compare theoretical results with published experiments.
Quantification of quantum discord in a antiferromagnetic Heisenberg compound
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Singh, H., E-mail: chiranjib@iiserkol.ac.in; Chakraborty, T., E-mail: chiranjib@iiserkol.ac.in; Mitra, C., E-mail: chiranjib@iiserkol.ac.in [Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Kolkata, Mohanpur Campus, Mohanpur -741252, Nadia, West Bengal (India)
2014-04-24
An experimental quantification of concurrence and quantum discord from heat capacity (C{sub p}) measurement performed over a solid state system has been reported. In this work, thermodynamic measurements were performed on copper nitrate (CN, Cu(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}⋅2.5H{sub 2}O) single crystals which is an alternating antiferromagnet Heisenberg spin 1/2 system. CN being a weak dimerized antiferromagnet is an ideal system to investigate correlations between spins. The theoretical expressions were used to obtain concurrence and quantum discord curves as a function of temperature from heat capacity data of a real macroscopic system, CN.
On the interpretation of magnetization data for antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Madsen, Daniel Esmarch; Mørup, Steen; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt
2006-01-01
We have investigated the influence of anisotropy on the magnetization curves of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles. We show that if such curves are analyzed in a conventional way, i.e. using a Langevin function in combination with a linear term, this usually results in good quality fits......, but with an apparent temperature dependence of parameters such as the magnetic moment per particle and the antiferromagnetic susceptibility. In order to avoid the problems associated with anisotropy as well as volume/moment distributions we propose that the initial susceptibility is used when analyzing the temperature...... dependence of the magnetic moment....
Magnetic relaxation in a suspension of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
Raikher, Yu. L.; Stepanov, V. I.
2008-09-01
A kinetic model is proposed to describe the low-frequency magnetodynamics of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles suspended in a fluid. Because of their small size, apart from an anisotropic magnetic susceptibility typical of antiferromagnets, these particles also have a constant magnetic moment caused by sublattice decompensation. An orientational crossover takes place in such a nanosuspension (colloid) when magnetized by a constant field: the axes of easy particle magnetization that were initially aligned along the field become oriented perpendicularly. This effect changes significantly the characteristics of the system’s magnetic response: the dynamic susceptibility spectrum and the relaxation time in a pulsed field.
Multicritical point in a diluted bilayer Heisenberg quantum antiferromagnet.
Sandvik, Anders W
2002-10-21
The S=1/2 Heisenberg bilayer antiferromagnet with randomly removed interlayer dimers is studied using quantum Monte Carlo simulations. A zero-temperature multicritical point (p(*),g(*)) at the classical percolation density p=p(*) and interlayer coupling g(*) approximately equal 0.16 is demonstrated. The quantum critical exponents of the percolating cluster are determined using finite-size scaling. It is argued that the associated finite-temperature quantum critical regime extends to zero interlayer coupling and could be relevant for antiferromagnetic cuprates doped with nonmagnetic impurities.
Spin Hall magnetoresistance in antiferromagnet/normal metal bilayers
Manchon, Aurelien
2017-01-01
We investigate the emergence of spin Hall magnetoresistance in a magnetic bilayer composed of a normal metal adjacent to an antiferromagnet. Based on a recently derived drift diffusion equation, we show that the resistance of the bilayer depends on the relative angle between the direction transverse to the current flow and the Néel order parameter. While this effect presents striking similarities with the spin Hall magnetoresistance recently reported in ferromagnetic bilayers, its physical origin is attributed to the anisotropic spin relaxation of itinerant spins in the antiferromagnet.
Spin transport through the metallic antiferromagnet FeMn
Saglam, H.; Zhang, W.; Jungfleisch, M. B.; Sklenar, J.; Pearson, J. E.; Ketterson, J. B.; Hoffmann, A.
2016-10-01
We investigate spin transport through metallic antiferromagnets using measurements based on spin pumping combined with inverse spin Hall effects in N i80F e20/FeMn /W trilayers. The relatively large magnitude and opposite sign of spin Hall effects in W compared to FeMn enable an unambiguous detection of spin currents transmitted through the entire FeMn layer thickness. Using this approach we can detect two distinctively different spin transport regimes, which we associate with electronic and magnonic spin currents, respectively. The latter can extend to relatively large distances (≈9 nm) and is enhanced when the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature is close to the measurement temperature.
Antiferromagnetic Potts model on the Erdos-Renyi random graph
Contucci, Pierluig; Giardina', Cristian; Starr, Shannon
2011-01-01
We study the antiferromagnetic Potts model on the Erdos-Renyi random graph. By identifying a suitable interpolation structure and proving an extended variational principle we show that the replica symmetric solution is an upper bound for the limiting pressure which can be recovered in the framework of Derrida-Ruelle probability cascades. A comparison theorem with a mixed model made of a mean field Potts-antiferromagnet plus a Potts-Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model allows to show that the replica symmetric solution is exact at high temperatures.
Internal energy and specific heat in a ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic double layers
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jiang Wei; Guo An-Bang
2007-01-01
The internal energy and specific heat of a Heisenberg ferro- antiferromagnetic double-layer system are studied by using spin-wave theory and the retarded Green function method at low temperatures. Numerical results show that the antiferromagnetic intralayer coupling J2 has an important influence on internal energy and specific heat for a four-sublattice system with antiferromagnetic (or ferrimagnetic) interlayer couplings.
High Field Magnetization Studies of Low Dimensional Heisenberg S = 1/2 Antiferromagnets
Landee, C. P.; Turnbull, M. M.
1998-03-01
The magnetization curves of a number of low dimensional S=1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnets have been determined in fields up to 30 tesla at low temperatures at the National High Magnetic Fields Laboratory. Materials studied include a family of 1D materials, based upon Cu(pyrazine)(NO_3)_2, 2D magnets consisting of pyrazine-bridged copper layers, and several spin ladders with singlet ground states. All of the magnetization data show upward curvature and are well described by T = 0 calculations based upon finite cluster models(Bonner and Fisher, Phys. Rev. A135, 640 (1964); Yang and Mutter, NANL cond-mat/9610092.). Chemical substitution on the pyrazine rings permits the variation of exchange constants by more than 25 percent for the family of well isolated chains. The spin ladder systems consist of ferromagnetic dimers weakly connected by antiferromagnetic intradimer interactions. Field induced transitions are seen at fields of less than one tesla for each of the three compounds.
Fermi surface reconstruction and multiple quantum phase transitions in the antiferromagnet CeRhIn5.
Jiao, Lin; Chen, Ye; Kohama, Yoshimitsu; Graf, David; Bauer, E D; Singleton, John; Zhu, Jian-Xin; Weng, Zongfa; Pang, Guiming; Shang, Tian; Zhang, Jinglei; Lee, Han-Oh; Park, Tuson; Jaime, Marcelo; Thompson, J D; Steglich, Frank; Si, Qimiao; Yuan, H Q
2015-01-20
Conventional, thermally driven continuous phase transitions are described by universal critical behavior that is independent of the specific microscopic details of a material. However, many current studies focus on materials that exhibit quantum-driven continuous phase transitions (quantum critical points, or QCPs) at absolute zero temperature. The classification of such QCPs and the question of whether they show universal behavior remain open issues. Here we report measurements of heat capacity and de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) oscillations at low temperatures across a field-induced antiferromagnetic QCP (Bc0 ≈ 50 T) in the heavy-fermion metal CeRhIn5. A sharp, magnetic-field-induced change in Fermi surface is detected both in the dHvA effect and Hall resistivity at B0* ≈ 30 T, well inside the antiferromagnetic phase. Comparisons with band-structure calculations and properties of isostructural CeCoIn5 suggest that the Fermi-surface change at B0* is associated with a localized-to-itinerant transition of the Ce-4f electrons in CeRhIn5. Taken in conjunction with pressure experiments, our results demonstrate that at least two distinct classes of QCP are observable in CeRhIn5, a significant step toward the derivation of a universal phase diagram for QCPs.
Excitations in a Two-Dimensional Random Antiferromagnet
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Birgeneau, R. J.; Walker, L. R.; Guggenheim, H. J.;
1975-01-01
Inelastic neutron scattering studies of the magnetic excitations in the planar Heisenberg random antiferromagnet Rb2Mn0.5Ni0.5F4 at 7K are reported. Two well-defined bands of excitations are observed. A simple mean crystal model is found to predict accurately the measured dispersion relations using...
Spin waves in antiferromagnetic FeF2
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hutchings, M T; Rainford, B.D.; Guggenheim, H J
1970-01-01
Spin-wave dispersion in antiferromagnetic FeF2 has been investigated by inelastic neutron scattering using a chopper time-of-flight spectrometer. The single mode observed has a relatively flat dispersion curve rising from 53 cm-1 at the zone centre to 79 cm-1 at the zone boundary. A spin...
Onset of antiferromagnetism in heavy-fermion metals
Schroder; Aeppli; Coldea; Adams; Stockert; v. Lohneysen H; Bucher; Ramazashvili; Coleman
2000-09-21
There are two main theoretical descriptions of antiferromagnets. The first arises from atomic physics, which predicts that atoms with unpaired electrons develop magnetic moments. In a solid, the coupling between moments on nearby ions then yields antiferromagnetic order at low temperatures. The second description, based on the physics of electron fluids or 'Fermi liquids' states that Coulomb interactions can drive the fluid to adopt a more stable configuration by developing a spin density wave. It is at present unknown which view is appropriate at a 'quantum critical point' where the antiferromagnetic transition temperature vanishes. Here we report neutron scattering and bulk magnetometry measurements of the metal CeCu(6-x)Au(x), which allow us to discriminate between the two models. We find evidence for an atomically local contribution to the magnetic correlations which develops at the critical gold concentration (x(c) = 0.1), corresponding to a magnetic ordering temperature of zero. This contribution implies that a Fermi-liquid-destroying spin-localizing transition, unanticipated from the spin density wave description, coincides with the antiferromagnetic quantum critical point.
The three-state antiferromagnetic Potts model: scaling laws
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gottlob, A.P. [Kaiserslautern Univ. (Germany); Hasenbusch, M. [Cambridge Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP)
1995-04-01
We present the results of a Monte Carlo study of the three-dimensional anti-ferromagnetic three-state Potts model. We computed the correlation length, the magnetic susceptibility and the specific heat for various coupling parameters in the high temperature phase of the model. From the scaling behaviour of these quantities we determine estimates for the critical temperature and critical exponents. ((orig.)).
Soliton dynamics in planar ferromagnets and anti-ferromagnets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LINFang-hua; SHATAHJalal
2003-01-01
The aim of this paper is to present a rigorous mathematical proof of the dynamical laws for the topological solitons( magnetic vortices) in ferromagnets and anti-ferromagnets. It is achieved through the conservation laws for the topological vorticity and the weak convergence methods.
Competitive forms of symmetry breaking in linear antiferromagnetic systems
Caspers, W.J.; Magnus, W.
1985-01-01
Two different forms of symmetry breaking are considered for linear antiferromagnetic systems (S = 1/2 ). Their relative stability is examined by considering small fluctuations in the harmonic oscillator approximation. Imaginary frequencies correspond with an unstable phase, and the ground state repr
Observation of Antiferromagnetic Resonance in an Organic Superconductor
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Torrance, J. B.; Pedersen, H. J.; Bechgaard, K.
1982-01-01
Anomalous microwave absorption has been observed in the organic superconductor TMTSF2AsF6 (TMTSF: tetramethyltetraselenafulvalene) below its metal-nonmetal transition near 12 K. This absorption is unambiguously identified as antiferromagnetic resonance by the excellent agreement between a spin...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Clarke, S.J.; Harrison, A.; Mason, T.E.;
1999-01-01
Copper(II) formate tetrahydrate (CFTH) is a model square S = 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with T-N = 16.54 +/- 0.05 K. The dispersion of spin-waves in the magnetic layers of a fully deuterated sample of this material has been mapped at 4.3 K by inelastic neutron scattering from the zone centre...
Strong pinning of vortices by antiferromagnetic domain boundaries in CeCo(In1-x Cd x )5
Jang, D.-J.; Pedrero, L.; Pham, L. D.; Fisk, Z.; Brando, M.
2016-09-01
We have studied the isothermal magnetization M(H) of CeCo({{In}}1-x Cd x )5 with x = 0.0075 and 0.01 down to 50 mK. Pronounced field-history dependent phenomena occur in the coexistence regime of the superconducting and antiferromagnetic phases. At low-fields, a phenomenological model of magnetic-flux entry well explains M(H) implying the dominance of bulk pinning effect. However, unless crystallographic quenched disorder is hysteretic, the asymmetric peak effect (ASPE) which appears at higher fields cannot be explained by the pinning of vortices due to material defects. Also, the temperature dependence of the ASPE deviates from the conventional scenario for the peak effect. Comparison of our thermodynamic phase diagrams with those from previous neutron scattering and magnetoresistance experiments indicates that the pinning of vortices takes place at the field-history dependent antiferromagnetic domain boundaries.
[mu]SR magnetic response in frustrated antiferromagnets of type RMn[sub 2] (R = rare earth)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Weber, M. (Physics Dept., TU Munich, Garching (Germany)); Asch, L. (Physics Dept., TU Munich, Garching (Germany)); Kratzer, A. (Physics Dept., TU Munich, Garching (Germany)); Kalvius, G.M. (Physics Dept., TU Munich, Garching (Germany)); Muench, K.H. (Physics Dept., TU Munich, Garching (Germany)); Ballou, R. (Lab. Louis Neel, CNRS, 38 Grenoble (France)); Deportes, J. (Lab. Louis Neel, CNRS, 38 Grenoble (France)); Waeppling, R. (Dept. of Physics, Univ. of Uppsala (Sweden)); Litterst, F.J. (Inst. for Metal Physics, TU Braunschweig (Germany)); Klauss, H.H. (Inst. for Metal Physics, TU Braunschweig (Germany)); Niedermayer, C. (Faculty for Physics, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)); Chappert, J. (CEA/DRFMC, CEN Grenoble, 38 (France))
1994-07-01
Zero, longitudinal and transverse field [mu]SR was carried out in the antiferromagnets YMn[sub 2], Y[sub 0.95] Tb[sub 0.15] Mn[sub 2], Y[sub 0.9]Tb[sub 0.1]Mn[sub 2], Y[sub 0.99] Sc[sub 0.01] Mn[sub 2], Y[sub 0.98]Sc[sub 0.02]Mn[sub 2] and TbMn[sub 2]. The dynamics of Mn magnetic moments above T[sub N] is typical for an itinerant antiferromagnet. Within a certain temperature range above T[sub N] part of the material enters a randomly ordered (spin glass like) magnetic state as an out-come of frustration. At temperatures above [approx] 150 K the muon spin relaxation rate indicates that the muon has become mobile. (orig.)
Giant magnetocaloric effect in antiferromagnetic DyVO{sub 4} compound
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Midya, A., E-mail: arindam.midya@saha.ac.in; Khan, N.; Bhoi, D.; Mandal, P.
2014-09-01
We have investigated the magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of DyVO{sub 4} by magnetization and heat capacity measurements. χ(T) shows antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition at T{sub N}{sup Dy}∼3.5K. The compound undergoes a metamagnetic transition and exhibits a huge entropy change. The maximum values of magnetic entropy change (ΔS{sub M}), adiabatic temperature change (ΔT{sub ad}) and refrigerant capacity (RC) reach 26 J kg{sup −1} K{sup −1}, 17 K, and 526 J kg{sup −1}, respectively for a field change of 0–8 T. Moreover, the material is highly insulating and exhibits no thermal and field hysteresis, satisfying the necessary conditions for a good magnetic refrigerant material.
Electrically tunable transport in antiferromagnetic Sr3Ir2O7
Seinige, Heidi; Wang, Cheng; Cao, Gang; Zhou, Jianshi-S.; Goodenough, John B.; Tsoi, Maxim
Recently we demonstrated experimentally the existence of interconnections between magnetic state and transport currents in antiferromagnetic (AFM) Mott insulator Sr2IrO4. We found a very large anisotropic magnetoresistance and demonstrated a reversible resistive switching driven by high-density currents/high electric fields. These results support the feasibility of AFM spintronics, where antiferromagnets are used in place of ferromagnets, however a low Néel temperature of this material (240 K) questions any practical applications. Here we present a comparative electrical transport study of its sister compound Sr2IrO4 which has a higher transition temperature (285 K). Similar to the case of Sr2IrO4, we find a continuous reduction in the resistivity of Sr3Ir2O7 as a function of increasing electrical bias and abrupt reversible changes above a threshold bias current. We explain these results by a reduction of activation energy associated with a field-driven lattice distortion. This work was supported in part by C-SPIN, one of six centers of STARnet, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program, sponsored by MARCO and DARPA, and by NSF Grants DMR-1207577, DMR-1265162, and DMR-1122603.
Magnetization switching by spin-orbit torque in an antiferromagnet-ferromagnet bilayer system
Fukami, Shunsuke; Zhang, Chaoliang; Duttagupta, Samik; Kurenkov, Aleksandr; Ohno, Hideo
2016-05-01
Spin-orbit torque (SOT)-induced magnetization switching shows promise for realizing ultrafast and reliable spintronics devices. Bipolar switching of the perpendicular magnetization by the SOT is achieved under an in-plane magnetic field collinear with an applied current. Typical structures studied so far comprise a nonmagnet/ferromagnet (NM/FM) bilayer, where the spin Hall effect in the NM is responsible for the switching. Here we show that an antiferromagnet/ferromagnet (AFM/FM) bilayer system also exhibits a SOT large enough to switch the magnetization of the FM. In this material system, thanks to the exchange bias of the AFM, we observe the switching in the absence of an applied field by using an antiferromagnetic PtMn and ferromagnetic Co/Ni multilayer with a perpendicular easy axis. Furthermore, tailoring the stack achieves a memristor-like behaviour where a portion of the reversed magnetization can be controlled in an analogue manner. The AFM/FM system is thus a promising building block for SOT devices as well as providing an attractive pathway towards neuromorphic computing.
Crucial role of interlayer distance for antiferromagnet-induced perpendicular magnetic anisotropy
Wang, Bo-Yao; Lin, Po-Han; Tsai, Ming-Shian; Shih, Chun-Wei; Lee, Meng-Ju; Huang, Chun-Wei; Jih, Nae-Yeou; Cheng, Pei-Yu; Wei, Der-Hsin
2015-12-01
Antiferromagnetic (AFM) thin films were recently proposed to be an alternative to conventional materials for achieving perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in ferromagnetic thin films, because AFM thin films exhibit an advantage of flexible control. Here, we report that antiferromagnet-induced PMA is highly sensitive to interfacial moments of AFM thin films as well as the magnetic interaction of such moments with volume moments, determined according to the vertical interlayer distance. Magnetic hysteresis loops and x-ray magnetic domain imaging revealed the establishment of perpendicular magnetization on face-centered tetragonal (fct)-like Mn/Co/Ni films when covered with monolayered Mn films. A cover of Mn films that exhibit contracted fct- [vertical-to-in-plane lattice constant ratio (c /a )=0.95 ] and expanded fct-like (c /a =1.05 ) structures at different thickness levels induced in-plane magnetic anisotropy and PMA in Co/Ni films, respectively, confirming that the interlayer distance is a crucial parameter for establishing perpendicular magnetization.
Impurity-induced antiferromagnetic domains in the periodic Anderson model
Benali, A.; Bai, Z. J.; Curro, N. J.; Scalettar, R. T.
2016-08-01
A central feature of the periodic Anderson model is the competition between antiferromagnetism, mediated by the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction at small conduction electron-local electron hybridization V , and singlet formation at large V . At zero temperature, and in dimension d >1 , these two phases are separated by a quantum critical point Vc. We use quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations to explore the effect of impurities which have a local hybridization V*Vc . We measure the suppression of singlet correlations and the antiferromagnetic correlations which form around the impurity, as well as the size of the resulting domain. Exact diagonalization calculations for linear chains allow us to verify that the qualitative features obtained at intermediate coupling and finite T persist to strong coupling and T =0 , regimes which are difficult to access with QMC. Our calculations agree qualitatively with NMR measurements in CeCoIn5 -xCdx .
Currentless reversal of Néel vector in antiferromagnets
Semenov, Yuriy G.; Li, Xi-Lai; Kim, Ki Wook
2017-01-01
The possibility of magnetization reversal via a bias-mediated perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is examined theoretically in an antiferromagnet. The numerical analyses based on a Néel vector formulation as well as the micromagnetic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert simulation reveal that the desired switching can be achieved through dynamical responses that are significantly different from their ferromagnetic counterparts. Instead of the usual precessional trajectories around the applied effective magnetic field, their motions are rather pendulum-like due to the layered magnetic sublattices with a strong antiparallel exchange interaction, where the inertial behavior plays a crucial role. The absence of spiral damping can also lead to faster relaxation by orders of magnitude. With no reliance on the current driven processes, the investigated mechanism is predicted with a low energy requirement of only a few aJ per switching operation in the antiferromagnets.
Quantum Nucleation of Antiferromagnetic Bubbles with Tetragonal and Hexagonal Symmetries
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
PAN Hui; ZHU Jia-Lin; L(U) Rong
2004-01-01
We study the quantum nucleation in a nanometer-scale antiferromagnet placed in a magnetic field at an arbitrary angle. We consider the magnetocrystalline anisotropy with tetragonal symmetry and that with hexagonal symmetry, respectively. Different structures of the tunneling barriers can be generated by the magnitude and the orientation of the magnetic field. We use the instanton method in the spin-coherent-state path-integral representation to calculate the dependence of the rate of quantum nucleation and the crossover temperature on the orientation and strength of the field for bulk solids and two-dimensional films of antiferromagnets, respectively. We find that the rate of quantum nucleation and the crossover temperature from thermal-to-quantum transitions depend on the orientation and strength of the external magnetic field distinctly, which can be tested by use of existing experimental techniques.
Resonating Valence Bond states for low dimensional S=1 antiferromagnets
Liu, Zheng-Xin; Zhou, Yi; Ng, Tai-Kai
2014-03-01
We study S = 1 spin liquid states in low dimensions. We show that the resonating-valence-bond (RVB) picture of S = 1 / 2 spin liquid state can be generalized to S = 1 case. For S = 1 system, a many-body singlet (with even site number) can be decomposed into superposition of products of two-body singlets. In other words, the product states of two-body singlets, called the singlet pair states (SPSs), are over complete to span the Hilbert space of many-body singlets. Furthermore, we generalized fermionic representation and the corresponding mean field theory and Gutzwiller projected stats to S = 1 models. We applied our theory to study 1D anti-ferromagnetic bilinear-biquadratic model and show that both the ground states (including the phase transition point) and the excited states can be understood excellently well within the framework. Our method can be applied to 2D S = 1 antiferromagnets.
Neutron Scattering Studies of Antiferromagnetic Correlations in Cuprates
Tranquada, John M.
2005-01-01
Neutron scattering studies have provided important information about the momentum and energy dependence of magnetic excitations in cuprate superconductors. Of particular interest are the recent indications of a universal magnetic excitation spectrum in hole-doped cuprates. That starting point provides motivation for reviewing the antiferromagnetic state of the parent insulators, and the destruction of the ordered state by hole doping. The nature of spin correlations in stripe-ordered phases i...
Large-scale numerical investigations of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg icosidodecahedron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ummethum, Joerg [Department of Physics, Bielefeld University, P.O. Box 100131, D-33501 Bielefeld (Germany); Schnack, Juergen, E-mail: jschnack@uni-bielefeld.de [Department of Physics, Bielefeld University, P.O. Box 100131, D-33501 Bielefeld (Germany); Laeuchli, Andreas M. [Inst. f. Theoretische Physik, Innsbruck University, Technikerstr. 25, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria)
2013-02-15
We present up to date investigations of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg icosidodecahedron by means of the density matrix renormalization group method. We compare our results with modern correlator product state as well as Lanczos calculations. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Results of unprecedented accuracy for energies and correlation functions of a frustrated spin system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Relevance for a large set of magnetic molecules. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Demonstration of accuracy of DDMRG.
Polarized Neutron Reflectivity Simulation of Ferromagnet/ Antiferromagnet Thin Films
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Ki Yeon; Lee, Jeong Soo
2008-02-15
This report investigates the current simulating and fitting programs capable of calculating the polarized neutron reflectivity of the exchange-biased ferromagnet/antiferromagnet magnetic thin films. The adequate programs are selected depending on whether nonspin flip and spin flip reflectivities of magnetic thin films and good user interface are available or not. The exchange-biased systems such as Fe/Cr, Co/CoO, CoFe/IrMn/Py thin films have been simulated successfully with selected programs.
Long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model for prebiotic evolution
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nokura, Kazuo [Shonan Institute of Technology, Fujisawa 251-8511 (Japan)
2003-11-28
I propose and discuss a fitness function for one-dimensional binary monomer sequences of macromolecules for prebiotic evolution. The fitness function is defined by the free energy of polymers in the high temperature random coil phase. With repulsive interactions among the same kind of monomers, the free energy in the high temperature limit becomes the energy function of the one-dimensional long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model, which is shown to have a dynamical phase transition and glassy states.
Two-step flux penetration in classic antiferromagnetic superconductor
Krzyszton, T.; Rogacki, K.
2001-01-01
The influence of antiferromagnetic order on the mixed state of a superconductor may result in creation of spin-flop domains along vortices. This may happen when an external magnetic field is strong enough to flip over magnetic moments in the vortex core from their ground state configuration. The formation of domain structure causes modification of the surface energy barrier, and creation of the new state in which magnetic flux density is independent of the applied field. The modified surface ...
Fermion Bound States Around Skyrmions in Doped Antiferromagnets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
寇谡鹏
2003-01-01
We show the skyrmion effects in doped antiferromagnets for the uniform flux phase. The low-energy effective theory of the t′-J model can be mapped onto the massive quantum electrodynamics. There exist Fermion bound states around skyrmions. For each sublattice, there exist induced fractional fermion numbers around the skyrmions. The total induced fermion number is zero due to the "cancelling effect" between two sublattices with opposite charges.
Quantum Monte Carlo Study of Random Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chain
Todo, Synge; Kato, Kiyoshi; Takayama, Hajime
1998-01-01
Effects of randomness on the spin-1/2 and 1 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains are studied using the quantum Monte Carlo method with the continuous-time loop algorithm. We precisely calculated the uniform susceptibility, string order parameter, spatial and temporal correlation length, and the dynamical exponent, and obtained a phase diagram. The generalization of the continuous-time loop algorithm for the systems with higher-S spins is also presented.
Spatially frustrated S = 1 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with single ion anisotropy
Pires, A. S. T.
2016-10-01
Using the SU(3) Schwinger boson formalism, I study the S = 1 square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet, at zero temperature, with spatially anisotropic nearest-neighbor couplings frustrated by a next-nearest neighbor interaction and single ion anisotropy. The phase diagram at zero temperature is presented. My calculations show two magnetically ordered phases separated by a quantum-disordered region for all values of the anisotropy.
Gossamer superconductivity near antiferromagnetic Mott insulator in layered organic conductors.
Gan, J Y; Chen, Yan; Su, Z B; Zhang, F C
2005-02-18
Layered organic superconductors are on the verge of the Mott insulator. We use the Gutzwiller variational method to study a two-dimensional Hubbard model including a spin exchange coupling term as a minimal model for the compounds. The ground state is found to be a Gossamer superconductor at small on-site Coulomb repulsion U and an antiferromagnetic Mott insulator at large U, separated by a first order phase transition. Our theory is qualitatively consistent with major experiments reported in organic superconductors.
Correlations between Kondo clouds in nearly antiferromagnetic Kondo lattices
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kiselev, M.N. E-mail: kiselev@physik.uni-wuerzburg.de; Kikoin, K.A
2004-05-01
We discuss a novel fluctuational mechanism explaining the physics of nearly antiferromagnetic Kondo lattices (KL). The effective action for KL model is expressed in terms of Bose operators responsible for paramagnetic excitations and semi-bosonic fields describing the dynamic Kondo clouds created by conduction electrons around local spin. The gauge invariant resonance valence bond theory of interacting Kondo clouds describes the spin liquid with strong critical fluctuations imitating itinerant fluctuation magnetism of Moriya type.
Resistive properties and phase diagram of the organic antiferromagnetic metal κ -(BETS) 2FeCl4
Kunz, Michael; Biberacher, Werner; Kushch, Natalia D.; Miyazaki, Akira; Kartsovnik, Mark V.
2016-11-01
The low-temperature electronic state of the layered organic charge-transfer salt κ -(BETS) 2FeCl4 was probed by interlayer electrical resistance measurements under magnetic field. Both above and below TN=0.47 K, the temperature of antiferromagnetic ordering of 3 d -electron spins of Fe3 + localized in the insulating anion layers, a nonsaturating linear R (T ) dependence has been observed. A weak superconducting signal has been detected in the antiferromagnetic state, at temperatures ≤0.2 K. Despite the very high crystal quality, only a tiny fraction of the sample appears to be superconducting. Aside from a small kink feature in the resistivity, the impact of the antiferromagnetic ordering of localized Fe3 + spins on the conduction π -electron system is clearly manifested in the Fermi surface reconstruction, as evidenced by Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations. The "magnetic-field-temperature" phase diagrams for the field directions parallel to each of the three principal crystal axes have been determined. For magnetic field along the easy axis, a spin-flop transition has been found. Similarities and differences between the present material and the sister compound κ -(BETS) 2FeBr4 are discussed.
Electrical manipulation of a ferromagnet by an antiferromagnet
Tshitoyan, V.; Ciccarelli, C.; Mihai, A. P.; Ali, M.; Irvine, A. C.; Moore, T. A.; Jungwirth, T.; Ferguson, A. J.
Several recent studies of antiferromagnetic (AFM) spintronics have focused on transmission and detection of spin-currents in AFMs. Efficient spin transmission through AFMs was inferred from experiments in FM/AFM/NM (normal metal) structures. Measurements in FM/AFM bilayers have demonstrated that a metallic AFM can also act as an efficient ISHE detector of the spin-current, with spin-Hall angles comparable to heavy NMs. Here we demonstrate that an antiferromagnet can be employed for a highly efficient electrical manipulation of a ferromagnet. We use an all-electrical excitation and detection technique of ferromagnetic resonance in a NiFe/IrMn bilayer. We observe antidamping-like spin torque acting on the NiFe generated by the in-plane current driven through the IrMn antiferromagnet. A large enhancement of the torque, characterized by an effective spin-Hall angle exceeding most heavy transition metals, correlates with the presence of the exchange-bias field at the NiFe/IrMn interface. It highlights that, in addition to strong spin-orbit coupling, the AFM order in IrMn governs the observed phenomenon.
Neutron scattering studies of three one-dimensional antiferromagnets
Kenzelmann, M
2001-01-01
observed in the disordered phase of spin-1/2 chains. The magnetic order of the one-dimensional spin-1/2 XY antiferromagnet Cs sub 2 CoCl sub 4 was investigated using neutron diffraction. The magnetic structure has an ordering wave-vector (0, 0.5, 0.5) for T < 217 mK and the magnetic structure is a non-linear structure with the magnetic moments at a small angle to the b axis. Above a field of H = 2.1 T the magnetic order collapses in an apparent first order phase transition, suggesting a transition to a spin-liquid phase. Low-dimensional magnets with low-spin quantum numbers are ideal model systems for investigating strongly interacting macroscopic quantum ground states and their non-linear spin excitations. This thesis describes neutron scattering experiments of three one-dimensional low-spin antiferromagnets where strong quantum fluctuations lead to highly-correlated ground states and unconventional cooperative spin excitations. The excitation spectrum of the antiferromagnetic spin-1 Heisenberg chain CsNi...
Metallic magnets without inversion symmetry and antiferromagnetic quantum critical points
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fischer, I.A.
2006-07-01
This thesis focusses on two classes of systems that exhibit non-Fermi liquid behaviour in experiments: we investigated aspects of chiral ferromagnets and of antiferromagnetic metals close to a quantum critical point. In chiral ferromagnets, the absence of inversion symmetry makes spin-orbit coupling possible, which leads to a helical modulation of the ferromagnetically ordered state. We studied the motion of electrons in the magnetically ordered state of a metal without inversion symmetry by calculating their generic band-structure. We found that spin-orbit coupling, although weak, has a profound effect on the shape of the Fermi surface: On a large portion of the Fermi surface the electron motion parallel to the helix practically stops. Signatures of this effect can be expected to show up in measurements of the anomalous Hall effect. Recent neutron scattering experiments uncovered the existence of a peculiar kind of partial order in a region of the phase diagram adjacent to the ordered state of the chiral ferromagnet MnSi. Starting from the premise that this partially ordered state is a thermodynamically distinct phase, we investigated an extended Ginzburg-Landau theory for chiral ferromagnets. In a certain parameter regime of the Ginzburg-Landau theory we identified crystalline phases that are reminiscent of the so-called blue phases in liquid crystals. Many antiferromagnetic heavy-fermion systems can be tuned into a regime where they exhibit non-Fermi liquid exponents in the temperature dependence of thermodynamic quantities such as the specific heat capacity; this behaviour could be due to a quantum critical point. If the quantum critical behaviour is field-induced, the external field does not only suppress antiferromagnetism but also induces spin precession and thereby influences the dynamics of the order parameter. We investigated the quantum critical behavior of clean antiferromagnetic metals subject to a static, spatially uniform external magnetic field. We
Hardy, Will J; Yuan, Jiangtan; Guo, Hua; Zhou, Panpan; Lou, Jun; Natelson, Douglas
2016-06-28
With materials approaching the 2D limit yielding many exciting systems with intriguing physical properties and promising technological functionalities, understanding and engineering magnetic order in nanoscale, layered materials is generating keen interest. One such material is V5S8, a metal with an antiferromagnetic ground state below the Néel temperature TN ∼ 32 K and a prominent spin-flop signature in the magnetoresistance (MR) when H∥c ∼ 4.2 T. Here we study nanoscale-thickness single crystals of V5S8, focusing on temperatures close to TN and the evolution of material properties in response to systematic reduction in crystal thickness. Transport measurements just below TN reveal magnetic hysteresis that we ascribe to a metamagnetic transition, the first-order magnetic-field-driven breakdown of the ordered state. The reduction of crystal thickness to ∼10 nm coincides with systematic changes in the magnetic response: TN falls, implying that antiferromagnetism is suppressed; and while the spin-flop signature remains, the hysteresis disappears, implying that the metamagnetic transition becomes second order as the thickness approaches the 2D limit. This work demonstrates that single crystals of magnetic materials with nanometer thicknesses are promising systems for future studies of magnetism in reduced dimensionality and quantum phase transitions.
Polarized neutron powder diffraction studies of antiferromagnetic order in bulk and nanoparticle NiO
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brok, Erik; Lefmann, Kim; Deen, Pascale P.;
2015-01-01
surface contribution to the magnetic anisotropy. Here we explore the potential use of polarized neutron diffraction to reveal the magnetic structure in NiO bulk and nanoparticle powders by applying the XYZ-polarization analysis method. Our investigations address in particular the spin orientation in bulk...... NiO and platelet-shaped NiO nanoparticles with thickness from greater than 200 nm down to 2.0 nm. The advantage of the applied method is that it is able to clearly separate the structural, the magnetic, and the spin-incoherent scattering signals for all particle sizes. For platelet-shaped particles......In many materials it remains a challenge to reveal the nature of magnetic correlations, including antiferromagnetism and spin disorder. Revealing the spin structure in magnetic nanoparticles is further complicated by the large incoherent neutron scattering cross section from water adsorbed...
Adiabatic demagnetization of a pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd 2Ti 2O 7
Sosin, S. S.; Prozorova, L. A.; Smirnov, A. I.; Golov, A. I.; Berkutov, I. B.; Petrenko, O. A.; Balakrishnan, G.; Zhitomirsky, M. E.
2005-04-01
An adiabatic demagnetization process is studied in the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Ti2O7. A strong cooling of the sample is observed by decreasing magnetic field in the range 120-60 kOe corresponding to a crossover between saturated and spin-liquid phases. This phenomenon indicates that a considerable part of the magnetic entropy associated with a macroscopic number of local soft modes survives in the strongly correlated paramagnetic state. Monte Carlo simulations demonstrate good agreement with the experiment. The cooling power of the process is experimentally estimated with a view to possible technical applications. The results on Gd2Ti2O7 are compared to those for Gd3Ga5O12, a related material for low-temperature magnetic cooling.
The magnetic properties of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles: NiO and αFe2O3
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bahl, Christian Robert Haffenden
Nickel oxide (NiO) and hematite (a-Fe2O3), both antiferromagnets, have magnetic properties which at nanoscale differ from those of the bulk materials. With emphasis on NiO nanoparticles and comparisons with a-Fe2O3 nanoparticles these magnetic propertiesare studied by a range of experimental...... techniques: elastic and inelastic neutron scattering, Mössbauer spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry. Knowledge of the size and shape of thenanoparticles is an often neglected prerequisite for studies of their magnetic properties. The Ni......O nanoparticles are found to be plate shaped with the (111) planes as plate faces, a thickness of about 2.3 nm and a diameter of about 13 nm. The magneticstructure is similar to that of bulk NiO, with the spins confined in the (111) planes. Measurements of the spin dynamics reveal a value of the magnetic...
μ SR insight into the impurity problem in quantum kagome antiferromagnets
Gomilšek, M.; Klanjšek, M.; Pregelj, M.; Luetkens, H.; Li, Y.; Zhang, Q. M.; Zorko, A.
2016-07-01
Impurities, which are unavoidable in real materials, may play an important role in the magnetism of frustrated spin systems with a spin-liquid ground state. We address the impurity issue in quantum kagome antiferromagnets by investigating ZnCu3(OH) 6SO4 (Zn-brochantite) by means of muon spin spectroscopy. We show that muons dominantly couple to impurities, originating from Cu-Zn intersite disorder, and that the impurity spins are highly correlated with the kagome spins, allowing us to probe the host kagome physics via a Kondo-like effect. The low-temperature plateau in the impurity susceptibility suggests that the kagome spin-liquid ground state is gapless. The corresponding spin fluctuations exhibit an unconventional spectral density and a nontrivial field dependence.
Sun, Jia-Tao; Wang, Zhengfei; Meng, S.; Du, Shixuan; Liu, F.; Gao, H.-J.
2016-09-01
Fundamental understanding of two-dimensional materials has spurred a surge in the search for topological quantum phase associated with the valley degree of freedom (VDOF). We discuss a spin-polarized version to the VDOF in which spin degeneracy is broken by the antiferromagnetic exchange coupling (LAFM) between opposite layers of the quasi-two-dimensional silicon nanomembrane (SiNM). Based on first principles calculations, we found that the LAFM state in SiNM can lead to metal-insulator transition (MIT). The broken degeneracy of spin degree of freedom in this insulating state of ultrathin SiNM may differ for different valleys, so that the SiNM can be exploited to produce the spatially separated spin and valley currents. We propose that the tunable spin-polarized valley photocurrents can be generated in an experimentally feasible ellipsometry setup. Our work shows promise for the development of spintronic and valleytronic devices compatible with current silicon industry.
Mn2Au: body-centered-tetragonal bimetallic antiferromagnets grown by molecular beam epitaxy.
Wu, Han-Chun; Liao, Zhi-Min; Sofin, R G Sumesh; Feng, Gen; Ma, Xiu-Mei; Shick, Alexander B; Mryasov, Oleg N; Shvets, Igor V
2012-12-11
Mn(2)Au, a layered bimetal, is successfully grown using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The experiments and theoretical calculations presented suggest that Mn(2)Au film is antiferromagnetic with a very low critical temperature. The antiferromagnetic nature is demonstrated by measuring the exchange-bias effect of Mn(2)Au/Fe bilayers. This study establishes a primary basis for further research of this new antiferromagnet in spin-electronic device applications.
Reversible optical switching of antiferromagnetism in TbMnO3
Manz, Sebastian; Matsubara, Masakazu; Lottermoser, Thomas; Büchi, Jonathan; Iyama, Ayato; Kimura, Tsuyoshi; Meier, Dennis; Fiebig, Manfred
2016-10-01
Lasers can be used to control the magnetization of a ferromagnet via optically driven thermal and electronic excitation. Transfer of this concept to antiferromagnets is appealing because of the increasing technological interest in antiferromagnetism. Controlling spin structures in antiferromagnets is challenging, however, because of their zero magnetization. In a proof-of-principle experiment we demonstrate that optical control of antiferromagnetic domains is nevertheless possible. We reverse the antiferromagnetic order parameter in multiferroic TbMnO3 repeatedly, using light pulses of two different colours. Switching depends on a unique relation between the wavelength of the light, its optical absorption and the electric polarization field induced by the antiferromagnetic order of TbMnO3. We then demonstrate sequential laser-controlled writing and erasure of antiferromagnetic domains. The universality of reversible optical antiferromagnetic switching is derived by Monte Carlo simulations. Opto-magnetism is thus complemented by an important degree of freedom, namely local control of antiferromagnetism by means of light.
Antiferromagnetic phase transition and spin correlations in NiO
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chatterji, Tapan; McIntyre, G.J.; Lindgård, Per-Anker
2009-01-01
We have investigated the antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transition and spin correlations in NiO by high-temperature neutron diffraction below and above TN. We show that AF phase transition is a continuous second-order transition within our experimental resolution. The spin correlations manifested...... by this process. We determined the critical exponents =0.328±0.002 and =0.64±0.03 and the Néel temperature TN=530±1 K. These critical exponents suggest that NiO should be regarded as a 3dXY system...
Dynamical Structure Factors of quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnets
Hagemans, Rob; Caux, Jean-Sébastien; Maillet, Jean Michel
2007-03-01
For a long time it has been impossible to accurately calculate the dynamical structure factors (spin-spin correlators as a function of momentum and energy) of quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnets. For integrable Heisenberg chains, the recently developed ABACUS method (a first-principles computational approach based on the Bethe Ansatz) now yields highly accurate (over 99% of the sum rule) results for the DSF for finite chains, allowing for a very precise description of neutron-scattering data over the full momentum and energy range. We show remarkable agreement between results obtained with ABACUS and experiment.
Quantum phase transition between cluster and antiferromagnetic states
Son, Wonmin; Fazio, Rosario; Hamma, Alioscia; Pascazio, Saverio; Vedral, Vlatko
2011-01-01
We study a Hamiltonian system describing a three spin-1/2 cluster-like interaction competing with an Ising-like exchange. We show that the ground state in the cluster phase possesses symmetry protected topological order. A continuous quantum phase transition occurs as result of the competition between the cluster and Ising terms. At the critical point the Hamiltonian is self-dual. The geometric entanglement is also studied. Our findings in one dimension corroborate the analysis of the two dimensional generalization of the system, indicating, at a mean field level, the presence of a direct transition between an antiferromagnetic and a valence bond solid ground state.
Quenching the haldane gap in spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnets.
Wierschem, Keola; Sengupta, Pinaki
2014-06-20
We consider a quasi-one-dimensional system of spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chains in two-dimensional and three-dimensional hypercubic lattices with interchain coupling J and uniaxial single-ion anisotropy D. Using large-scale numerical simulations, we map out the J-D phase diagram and investigate the low-lying excitations of the Haldane phase in the J≪1 limit. We also provide direct evidence that the Haldane phase remains a nontrivial symmetry-protected topological state for small but finite J.
Yang-Lee Circle Theorem for an Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Ladder
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王先智
2001-01-01
The Yang-Lee zeros of an antiferromagnetic Heisenberg ladder model are determined. It is found that if J4≤0 Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and on the negative real axis in the complex activity plane. In particular, if J4≤0 and 2J2≥J4, Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and the Yang-Lee circle theorem is valid. If J4 ＞ 0, Yang-Lee zeros are located on some complicated curves.
Antiferromagnetic exchange and spin-fluctuation pairing in cuprate superconductors
Plakida, Nikolay M.
2006-01-01
A microscopic theory of superconductivity is formulated within an effective p-d Hubbard model for a CuO2 plane. By applying the Mori-type projection technique, the Dyson equation is derived for the Green functions in terms of Hubbard operators. The antiferromagnetic exchange caused by interband hopping results in pairing of all carries in the conduction subband and high Tc proportional to the Fermi energy. Kinematic interaction in intraband hopping is responsible for the conventional spin-fluctuation pairing. Numerical solution of the gap equation proves the d-wave gap symmetry and defines Tc doping dependence. Oxygen isotope shift and pressure dependence of Tc are also discussed.
High-field spin dynamics of antiferromagnetic quantum spin chains
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Enderle, M.; Regnault, L.P.; Broholm, C.;
2000-01-01
The characteristic internal order of macroscopic quantum ground states in one-dimensional spin systems is usually not directly accessible, but reflected in the spin dynamics and the field dependence of the magnetic excitations. In high magnetic fields quantum phase transitions are expected. We...... present recent work on the high-field spin dynamics of the S = I antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains NENP (Haldane ground state) and CsNiCl3 (quasi-1D HAF close to the quantum critical point), the uniform S = 1/2 chain CTS, and the spin-Peierls system CuGeO3. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B,V. All rights...
Domain-wall spin dynamics in kagome antiferromagnets.
Lhotel, E; Simonet, V; Ortloff, J; Canals, B; Paulsen, C; Suard, E; Hansen, T; Price, D J; Wood, P T; Powell, A K; Ballou, R
2011-12-16
We report magnetization and neutron scattering measurements down to 60 mK on a new family of Fe based kagome antiferromagnets, in which a strong local spin anisotropy combined with a low exchange path network connectivity lead to domain walls intersecting the kagome planes through strings of free spins. These produce unfamiliar slow spin dynamics in the ordered phase, evolving from exchange-released spin flips towards a cooperative behavior on decreasing the temperature, probably due to the onset of long-range dipolar interaction. A domain structure of independent magnetic grains is obtained that could be generic to other frustrated magnets.
Propagation and ghosts in the classical kagome antiferromagnet.
Robert, J; Canals, B; Simonet, V; Ballou, R
2008-09-12
We investigate the classical spin dynamics of the kagome antiferromagnet by combining Monte Carlo and spin dynamics simulations. We show that this model has two distinct low temperature dynamical regimes, both sustaining propagative modes. The expected gauge invariance type of the low energy, low temperature, out-of-plane excitations is also evidenced in the nonlinear regime. A detailed analysis of the excitations allows us to identify ghosts in the dynamical structure factor, i.e., propagating excitations with a strongly reduced spectral weight. We argue that these dynamical extinction rules are of geometrical origin.
Density matrix renormalization group numerical study of the kagome antiferromagnet.
Jiang, H C; Weng, Z Y; Sheng, D N
2008-09-12
We numerically study the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice using the density-matrix renormalization group method. We find that the ground state is a magnetically disordered spin liquid, characterized by an exponential decay of spin-spin correlation function in real space and a magnetic structure factor showing system-size independent peaks at commensurate magnetic wave vectors. We obtain a spin triplet excitation gap DeltaE(S=1)=0.055+/-0.005 by extrapolation based on the large size results, and confirm the presence of gapless singlet excitations. The physical nature of such an exotic spin liquid is also discussed.
Phase Diagram of Antiferromagnetically Exchange-Coupled Bilayer
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUO Guang-Hua; ZHANG Guang-Fu; SUN Li-Yuan; Peter A. J. de Groot
2008-01-01
Magnetic hysteresis properties of antiferromagnetically exchange-coupled bilayer structures, in which the two magnetic layers have different magnetic parameters and thicknesses, are studied within the framework of the Stoner-Wohifarth model. Analytical expressions for the switching fields corresponding to the linear magnetic states are obtained. By adjusting the magnetic parameters or thicknesses of layers, nine different types of easyaxis hysteresis loops may exist. The phase diagram of easy-axis hysteresis loops is mapped in the k,1 and k,2 plane, where k,1 and k,2 are the ratios of magnetic anisotropy to the interlayer exchange coupling of the two magnetic layers, respectively.
Phase transitions in antiferromagnets with a NaCl structure
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kassan-Ogly, F.A. [Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. S.Kovalevskoi 18, Ekaterinburg 620219 (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: felix.kassan-ogly@imp.uran.ru; Filippov, B.N. [Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. S.Kovalevskoi 18, Ekaterinburg 620219 (Russian Federation)
2006-05-15
A revised derivation scheme of possible magnetic structures in an FCC lattice with the nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor interactions taken into account is proposed. A model of simultaneous magnetic and structural phase transitions of the first order is developed for antiferromagnets with a NaCl structure and with a strong cubic magnetic anisotropy on the base of synthesis of magnetic modified 6-state Potts model and theoretical models of structural phase transitions in cubic crystals. It is shown that the high-temperature diffuse magnetic scattering of neutrons transforms into magnetic Bragg reflections below Neel point.
Phase transitions in antiferromagnets with a NaCl structure
Kassan-Ogly, F. A.; Filippov, B. N.
2006-05-01
A revised derivation scheme of possible magnetic structures in an FCC lattice with the nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor interactions taken into account is proposed. A model of simultaneous magnetic and structural phase transitions of the first order is developed for antiferromagnets with a NaCl structure and with a strong cubic magnetic anisotropy on the base of synthesis of magnetic modified 6-state Potts model and theoretical models of structural phase transitions in cubic crystals. It is shown that the high-temperature diffuse magnetic scattering of neutrons transforms into magnetic Bragg reflections below Néel point.
Symmetry Reduction in the Quantum Kagome Antiferromagnet Herbertsmithite
Zorko, A.; Herak, M.; Gomilšek, M.; van Tol, J.; Velázquez, M.; Khuntia, P.; Bert, F.; Mendels, P.
2017-01-01
Employing complementary torque magnetometry and electron spin resonance on single crystals of herbertsmithite, the closest realization to date of a quantum kagome antiferromagnet featuring a spin-liquid ground state, we provide novel insight into different contributions to its magnetism. At low temperatures, two distinct types of defects with different magnetic couplings to the kagome spins are found. Surprisingly, their magnetic response contradicts the threefold symmetry of the ideal kagome lattice, suggesting the presence of a global structural distortion that may be related to the establishment of the spin-liquid ground state.
Li, Yangmu; Tabis, W.; Yu, G.; Barišić, N.; Greven, M.
2016-11-01
Systematic analysis of the planar resistivity, Hall effect, and cotangent of the Hall angle for the electron-doped cuprates reveals underlying Fermi-liquid behavior even deep in the antiferromagnetic part of the phase diagram. The transport scattering rate exhibits a quadratic temperature dependence, and is nearly independent of doping and compound and carrier type (electrons versus holes), and hence is universal. Our analysis moreover indicates that the material-specific resistivity upturn at low temperatures and low doping has the same origin in both electron- and hole-doped cuprates.
Maeter, H; Zvyagin, A A; Luetkens, H; Pascua, G; Shermadini, Z; Saint-Martin, R; Revcolevschi, A; Hess, C; Büchner, B; Klauss, H-H
2013-09-11
We report zero and longitudinal magnetic field muon spin relaxation (μSR) measurements of the spin S = 1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain material SrCuO2. We find that in a weak applied magnetic field B0 the spin-lattice relaxation rate λ follows a power law λ is proportional to B(0)(-n) with n = 0.9(3). This result is temperature independent for 5 K ≤ T ≤ 300 K. Within conformal field theory and using the Müller ansatz we conclude ballistic spin transport in SrCuO2.
Zhang, Yang; Sun, Yan; Yang, Hao; Železný, Jakub; Parkin, Stuart P. P.; Felser, Claudia; Yan, Binghai
2017-02-01
We have carried out a comprehensive study of the intrinsic anomalous Hall effect and spin Hall effect of several chiral antiferromagnetic compounds Mn3X (X = Ge, Sn, Ga, Ir, Rh and Pt) by ab initio band structure and Berry phase calculations. These studies reveal large and anisotropic values of both the intrinsic anomalous Hall effect and spin Hall effect. The Mn3X materials exhibit a noncollinear antiferromagnetic order which, to avoid geometrical frustration, forms planes of Mn moments that are arranged in a Kagome-type lattice. With respect to these Kagome planes, we find that both the anomalous Hall conductivity (AHC) and the spin Hall conductivity (SHC) are quite anisotropic for any of these materials. Based on our calculations, we propose how to maximize AHC and SHC for different materials. The band structures and corresponding electron filling, that we show are essential to determine the AHC and SHC, are compared for these different compounds. We point out that Mn3Ga shows a large SHC of about 600 (ℏ /e ) (Ωcm) -1 . Our work provides insights into the realization of strong anomalous Hall effects and spin Hall effects in chiral antiferromagnetic materials.
Magnetic excitations in the triangular antiferromagnets Mn3Sn and Mn3Ge
Cable, J. W.; Wakabayashi, N.; Radhakrishna, P.
1993-09-01
Inelastic neutron scattering was used to study the magnetic excitations of the triangular antiferromagnets Mn3Sn and Mn3Ge. These compounds have itinerant d electrons and large magnetic moments localized at the Mn sites and may be regarded as materials that lie in the intermediate regime between local-moment and itinerant-electron systems. The spin-wave spectra exhibit steep dispersion and strong damping, which is characteristic behavior of itinerant-electron systems. Nevertheless, it is useful to analyze the data in terms of a local-moment model with anisotropy. We find the data are remarkably well described by this model with exchange parameters extending to fifth-nearest neighbors and with both axial- and basal-plane anisotropy. The axial-anisotropy parameters were determined from the uniform out-of-plane spin fluctuation, and the signs show that the spins are confined to the basal plane. The second-order basal-plane anisotropy constants were determined by satisfying both the magnitude of the weak basal-plane ferromagnetic moments and the observed splitting of a doubly degenerate acoustic-spin-wave branch. The sixth-order basal-plane anisotropy was determined by adjusting to the observed energy gap associated with spin fluctuations within the basal plane. The exchange parameters have the correct signs to stabilize the triangular antiferromagnetic structure but yield Néel temperatures that are higher than those observed by a factor of 3 or 4. This overestimation of the Néel temperature is not an uncommon result when a local moment model is applied to an itinerant-electron system.
Evidence for Intertwining of Superconductivity and Antiferromagnetism in a Cuprate
Tranquada, John; Xu, Zhijun; Stock, C.; Chi, S. X.; Kolesnikov, A. I.; Xu, G. Y.; Gu, G. D.
2014-03-01
We have used inelastic neutron scattering to measure the low-energy, incommensurate antiferromagnetic spin excitations both above and below the superconducting transition temperature (Tc = 32 K) of La1.905Ba0.095CuO4. While the magnetic excitations in optimally-doped cuprates typically show the development of a spin gap and magnetic resonance below Tc, our sample shows no such effect. Instead strong, gapless spin excitations coexist with bulk superconductivity. To understand this, we note that previous transport measurements have shown that the superconducting layers are decoupled by a magnetic field applied along the c-axis, resulting in a state with frustrated interlayer Josephson coupling, similar to LBCO with x = 1 / 8 , where it has been proposed that pair-density-wave superconductivity occurs. This suggests that, in a similar fashion, the spatially modulated antiferromagnetic correlations (which we see directly in the x = 0 . 095 sample) are intertwined with a spatially modulated superconducting pair wave function. Work at BNL supported by Office of Basic Energy Sciences, US DOE, under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886.
The Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the square-kagomé lattice
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Richter
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We discuss the ground state, the low-lying excitations as well as high-field thermodynamics of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the two-dimensional square-kagomé lattice. This magnetic system belongs to the class of highly frustrated spin systems with an infinite non-trivial degeneracy of the classical ground state as it is also known for the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagomé and on the star lattice. The quantum ground state of the spin-half system is a quantum paramagnet with a finite spin gap and with a large number of non-magnetic excitations within this gap. We also discuss the magnetization versus field curve that shows a plateaux as well as a macroscopic magnetization jump to saturation due to independent localized magnon states. These localized states are highly degenerate and lead to interesting features in the low-temperature thermodynamics at high magnetic fields such as an additional low-temperature peak in the specific heat and an enhanced magnetocaloric effect.
Computational Electronic Structure of Antiferromagnetic Centers in Metalloproteins.
Rodriguez, Jorge H.
2003-03-01
Nature uses the properties of transition metal ions to carry out a variety of functions associated with vital life processes such as respiration and the transport of oxygen. Oxo-bridged diiron centers are intriguing structural motifs which are present in dioxygen transporting proteins and display antiferromagnetic ordering. We have performed a comprehensive study of the electronic structure and magnetic properties of structurally characterized models for diiron-oxo proteins. Results from Kohn-Sham density functional theory show that the models are antiferromagnetically coupled in agreement with experiment. The physical origin of the spin coupling has been elucidated as the main superexchange pathways responsible for magnetic ordering have been identified. In addition, the exchange constants that parameterize the Heisenberg Hamiltonian, H=JS_1.S_2, have been predicted in excellent agreement with experiment. Our results are important for establishing correlations between electronic structure and biomolecular function and show that computational electronic structure can be used as a powerful tool for the investigation of biomolecular magnetism.
Theory of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnets
Rezende, S. M.; Rodríguez-Suárez, R. L.; Azevedo, A.
2016-01-01
The spin Seebeck effect (SSE) consists in the generation of a spin current by a temperature gradient applied in a magnetic film. The SSE is usually detected by an electric voltage generated in a metallic layer in contact with the magnetic film resulting from the conversion of the spin current into charge current by means of the inverse spin Hall effect. The SSE has been widely studied in bilayers made of the insulating ferrimagnet yttrium iron garnet (YIG) and metals with large spin-orbit coupling such as platinum. Recently the SSE has been observed in bilayers made of the antiferromagnet Mn F2 and Pt, revealing dependences of the SSE voltage on temperature and field very different from the ones observed in YIG/Pt. Here we present a theory for the SSE in structures with an antiferromagnetic insulator (AFI) in contact with a normal metal (NM) that relies on the bulk magnon spin current created by the temperature gradient across the thickness of the AFI/NM bilayer. The theory explains quite well the measured dependences of the SSE voltage on the sample temperature and on the applied magnetic field in Mn F2/Pt .
Spin Seebeck effect through antiferromagnetic NiO
Prakash, Arati; Brangham, Jack; Yang, Fengyuan; Heremans, Joseph P.
2016-07-01
We report temperature-dependent spin Seebeck measurements on Pt/YIG bilayers and Pt/NiO/YIG trilayers, where YIG (yttrium iron garnet, Y3F e5O12 ) is an insulating ferrimagnet and NiO is an antiferromagnet at low temperatures. The thickness of the NiO layer is varied from 0 to 10 nm. In the Pt/YIG bilayers, the temperature gradient applied to the YIG stimulates dynamic spin injection into the Pt, which generates an inverse spin Hall voltage in the Pt. The presence of a NiO layer dampens the spin injection exponentially with a decay length of 2 ± 0.6 nm at 180 K. The decay length increases with temperature and shows a maximum of 5.5 ± 0.8 nm at 360 K. The temperature dependence of the amplitude of the spin Seebeck signal without NiO shows a broad maximum of 6.5 ± 0.5 μV/K at 20 K. In the presence of NiO, the maximum shifts sharply to higher temperatures, likely correlated to the increase in decay length. This implies that NiO is most transparent to magnon propagation near the paramagnet-antiferromagnet transition. We do not see the enhancement in spin current driven into Pt reported in other papers when 1-2 nm NiO layers are sandwiched between Pt and YIG.
Antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity in the Hubbard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Krahl, H.C.
2007-07-25
The two-dimensional Hubbard model is a promising effective model for the electronic degrees of freedom in the copper-oxide planes of high temperature superconductors. We present a functional renormalization group approach to this model with focus on antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity. In order to make the relevant degrees of freedom more explicitly accessible on all length scales, we introduce composite bosonic fields mediating the interaction between the fermions. Spontaneous symmetry breaking is reflected in a non-vanishing expectation value of a bosonic field. The emergence of a coupling in the d-wave pairing channel triggered by spin wave fluctuations is demonstrated. Furthermore, the highest temperature at which the interaction strength for the electrons diverges in the renormalization flow is calculated for both antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity over a wide range of doping. This ''pseudo-critical'' temperature signals the onset of local ordering. Moreover, the temperature dependence of d-wave superconducting order is studied within a simplified model characterized by a single coupling in the d-wave pairing channel. The phase transition within this model is found to be of the Kosterlitz-Thouless type. (orig.)
Thermally stable magnetic media based on antiferromagnetically coupled layers
Fullerton, Eric E.
2001-03-01
The combination of signal-to-noise requirements, write field limitations, and thermal activation of small particles is thought to limit the potential areal density of longitudinal media and is commonly referred to as the "superparamagnetic limit". Recording media composed of antiferromagnetically coupled (AFC) magnetic recording layers is a promising approach to extend areal densities of longitudinal media beyond these perceived limits [1,2]. The recording medium is made up of two ferromagnetic recording layer separated by a nonmagnetic layer whose thickness is tuned to couple the layers antiferromagnetically. For such a structure, the effective areal moment density (Mrt) of the composite structure is given by the difference between the ferromagnetic layers allowing the effective magnetic thickness to scale independently of the physical thickness of the media. The resulting media appears magnetically thin while being physically thick and, thus, allows AFC media to maintain thermal stability even for low Mrt values. Experimental realization of this concept using CoPtCrB alloy layers that demonstrates thermally stable low-Mrt media suitable for high-density recording will be discussed. This work is done in collaboration with D. T. Margulies, M. E. Schabes,M. Doerner, M. Carey, B. Gurney, A. Moser, M. Best, G. Zeltzer, K. Rubin, and H. Rosen. [1]. Fullerton et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3806 (2000). [2]. Abarra et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2581 (2000).
M(o)ssbauer study and magnetic properties of electrochemical material LiFePO4
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Luo Zhi; Di Nai-Li; Kou Zhi-Qi; Cheng Zhao-Hua; Liu Li-Jun; Chen Li-Quan; Huang Xue-Jie
2004-01-01
Magnetic properties and crystal symmetry of electrochemical material LiFePO4 have been investigated by Mossbauer spectroscopy and magnetization measurement. Magnetization reveals the antiferromagnetic nature of LiFePO4. Temperature dependence of inverse susceptibility and that of hyperfine field confirm that there is an antiferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition at about 50K.
Sekine, Akihiko; Nomura, Kentaro
2016-03-04
We search for dynamical magnetoelectric phenomena in three-dimensional correlated systems with spin-orbit coupling. We focus on the antiferromagnetic insulator phases where the dynamical axion field is realized by the fluctuation of the antiferromagnetic order parameter. It is shown that the dynamical chiral magnetic effect, an alternating current generation by magnetic fields, emerges due to such time dependences of the order parameter as antiferromagnetic resonance. It is also shown that the anomalous Hall effect arises due to such spatial variations of the order parameter as antiferromagnetic domain walls. Our study indicates that spin excitations in antiferromagnetic insulators with spin-orbit coupling can result in nontrivial charge responses. Moreover, observing the chiral magnetic effect and anomalous Hall effect in our system is equivalent to detecting the dynamical axion field in condensed matter.
The peak effect (PE) region of the antiferromagnetic two layer Ising nanographene
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Şarlı, Numan, E-mail: numansarli82@gmail.com [Institute of Science, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey); Akbudak, Salih [Department of Physics, Adiyaman University, 02100 Adiyaman (Turkey); Department of Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Ellialtıoğlu, Mehmet Recai [Department of Physics Engineering, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey)
2014-11-01
In this work, the magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic two layer spin-1/2 Ising nanographene systems are investigated within the effective field theory. We find that the magnetizations and the hysteresis behaviors of the central graphene atoms are similar to those of the edge graphene atoms in the ferromagnetic case. But, they are quite different in the antiferromagnetic case. The antiferromagnetic central graphene atoms exhibit type II superconductivity and they have triple hysteresis loop. The peak effect (PE) region is observed on the hysteresis curves of the antiferromagnetic Ising nanographene system. Therefore, we suggest that there is a strong relationship between the antiferromagnetism and the peak effect. Our results are in agreement with some experimental works in recent literature.
Spin transfer torque in antiferromagnetic spin valves: From clean to disordered regimes
Saidaoui, Hamed Ben Mohamed
2014-05-28
Current-driven spin torques in metallic spin valves composed of antiferromagnets are theoretically studied using the nonequilibrium Green\\'s function method implemented on a tight-binding model. We focus our attention on G-type and L-type antiferromagnets in both clean and disordered regimes. In such structures, spin torques can either rotate the magnetic order parameter coherently (coherent torque) or compete with the internal antiferromagnetic exchange (exchange torque). We show that, depending on the symmetry of the spin valve, the coherent and exchange torques can either be in the plane, ∝n×(q×n) or out of the plane ∝n×q, where q and n are the directions of the order parameter of the polarizer and the free antiferromagnetic layers, respectively. Although disorder conserves the symmetry of the torques, it strongly reduces the torque magnitude, pointing out the need for momentum conservation to ensure strong spin torque in antiferromagnetic spin valves.
Charge dynamics of the antiferromagnetically ordered Mott insulator
Han, Xing-Jie; Liu, Yu; Liu, Zhi-Yuan; Li, Xin; Chen, Jing; Liao, Hai-Jun; Xie, Zhi-Yuan; Normand, B.; Xiang, Tao
2016-10-01
We introduce a slave-fermion formulation in which to study the charge dynamics of the half-filled Hubbard model on the square lattice. In this description, the charge degrees of freedom are represented by fermionic holons and doublons and the Mott-insulating characteristics of the ground state are the consequence of holon-doublon bound-state formation. The bosonic spin degrees of freedom are described by the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model, yielding long-ranged (Néel) magnetic order at zero temperature. Within this framework and in the self-consistent Born approximation, we perform systematic calculations of the average double occupancy, the electronic density of states, the spectral function and the optical conductivity. Qualitatively, our method reproduces the lower and upper Hubbard bands, the spectral-weight transfer into a coherent quasiparticle band at their lower edges and the renormalisation of the Mott gap, which is associated with holon-doublon binding, due to the interactions of both quasiparticle species with the magnons. The zeros of the Green function at the chemical potential give the Luttinger volume, the poles of the self-energy reflect the underlying quasiparticle dispersion with a spin-renormalised hopping parameter and the optical gap is directly related to the Mott gap. Quantitatively, the square-lattice Hubbard model is one of the best-characterised problems in correlated condensed matter and many numerical calculations, all with different strengths and weaknesses, exist with which to benchmark our approach. From the semi-quantitative accuracy of our results for all but the weakest interaction strengths, we conclude that a self-consistent treatment of the spin-fluctuation effects on the charge degrees of freedom captures all the essential physics of the antiferromagnetic Mott-Hubbard insulator. We remark in addition that an analytical approximation with these properties serves a vital function in developing a full understanding of the
Gao, G. Y.; Yao, Kai-Lun
2013-12-01
High-spin-polarization materials are desired for the realization of high-performance spintronic devices. We combine recent experimental and theoretical findings to theoretically design several high-spin-polarization materials in binary D03-type Heusler alloys: gapless (zero-gap) half-metallic ferrimagnets of V3Si and V3Ge, half-metallic antiferromagnets of Mn3Al and Mn3Ga, half-metallic ferrimagnets of Mn3Si and Mn3Ge, and a spin gapless semiconductor of Cr3Al. The high spin polarization, zero net magnetic moment, zero energy gap, and slight disorder compared to the ternary and quaternary Heusler alloys make these binary materials promising candidates for spintronic applications. All results are obtained by the electronic structure calculations from first-principles.
Windsor, Y. W.; Tanaka, Yoshikazu; Scagnoli, V.; Garganourakis, M.; de Souza, R. A.; Medarde, M.; Cheong, S.-W.; Staub, U.
2016-12-01
We employ resonant soft x-ray diffraction (RSXD) to isolate the signal from the CE-type antiferromagnetic phase of (La,Pr)1- xC axMn O3 (with x ≈3 /8 ), and follow only this phase through the known phases of the material in the B -T phase diagram. This material is known to exhibit a range of electronic ordering phenomena, most notably a metal-insulator transition (associated with colossal magnetoresistance) and phase separation between the antiferromagnetic phase and a ferromagnetic phase. Bulk magnetization measurements under the same B -T conditions were also conducted, giving a full picture of both phases for direct side-by-side comparison. The comparison specifically focuses on the metal-insulator transition. Upon magnetic field ramping to this transition, we find that the CE-type order undergoes a sharp quench at high temperatures (above phase coexistence temperatures) but that at lower temperatures, where the CE order is metastable, the transition broadens significantly. At the lowest temperatures, where a spin glass-type phase is expected, a slow annihilation of remanent CE domains is observed. Finally, a refined phase diagram is presented.
Cong, P. T.; Postulka, L.; Wolf, B.; van Well, N.; Ritter, F.; Assmus, W.; Krellner, C.; Lang, M.
2016-10-01
Magneto-acoustic investigations of the frustrated triangular-lattice antiferromagnet Cs2CuCl4 were performed for the longitudinal modes c11 and c33 in magnetic fields along the a-axis. The temperature dependence of the sound velocity at zero field shows a mild softening at low temperature and displays a small kink-like anomaly at TN. Isothermal measurements at T sound attenuation α reveal two closely spaced features of different characters on approaching the material's quantum-critical point (QCP) at Bs ≈ 8.5 T for B || a. The peak at slightly lower fields remains sharp down to the lowest temperature and can be attributed to the ordering temperature TN(B). The second anomaly, which is rounded and which becomes reduced in size upon cooling, is assigned to the material's spin-liquid properties preceding the long-range antiferromagnetic ordering with decreasing temperature. These two features merge upon cooling suggesting a coincidence at the QCP. The elastic constant at lowest temperatures of our experiment at 32 mK can be well described by a Landau free energy model with a very small magnetoelastic coupling constant G/kB ≈ 2.8 K. The applicability of this classical model indicates the existence of a small gap in the magnetic excitation spectrum which drives the system away from quantum criticality.
Sarkar, Subhajit; Chaudhury, Ranjan; Paul, Samir K.
2017-01-01
The available results from the inelastic neutron scattering experiment performed on the quasi-two dimensional spin 1/2 anti-ferromagnetic material La2CuO4 have been analysed theoretically. The formalism of ours is based on a semi-classical like treatment involving a model of an ideal gas of mobile vortices and anti-vortices built on the background of the Néel state, using the bipartite classical spin configuration corresponding to an XY-anisotropic Heisenberg anti-ferromagnet on a square lattice. The results for the integrated intensities for our spin 1/2 model corresponding to different temperatures, show occurrence of vigorous unphysical oscillations, when convoluted with a realistic spectral window function. These results indicate failure of the conventional semi-classical theoretical model of ideal vortex/anti-vortex gas arising in the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless theory for the low spin magnetic systems. A full fledged quantum mechanical formalism and calculations seem crucial for the understanding of topological excitations in such low spin systems. Furthermore, a severe disagreement is found to occur at finite values of energy transfer between the integrated intensities obtained theoretically from the conventional formalism and those obtained experimentally. This further suggests strongly that the full quantum treatment should also incorporate the interaction between the fragile-magnons and the topological excitations. This is quite plausible in view of the recent work establishing such a process in XXZ quantum ferromagnet on 2D lattice. The high spin XXZ quasi-two dimensional antiferromagnet like MnPS3 however follows the conventional theory quite well.
Antiferromagnetic topological superconductor and electrically controllable Majorana fermions.
Ezawa, Motohiko
2015-02-01
We investigate the realization of a topological superconductor in a generic bucked honeycomb system equipped with four types of mass-generating terms, where the superconductor gap is introduced by attaching the honeycomb system to an s-wave superconductor. Constructing the topological phase diagram, we show that Majorana modes are formed in the phase boundary. In particular, we analyze the honeycomb system with antiferromagnetic order in the presence of perpendicular electric field E(z). It becomes topological for |E(z)|>E(z)(cr) and trivial for |E(z)|superconductor by controlling applied electric field. One Majorana zero-energy bound state appears at the phase boundary. We can arbitrarily control the position of the Majorana fermion by moving the spot of applied electric field, which will be made possible by a scanning tunneling microscope probe.
Magnetic Orders and Fluctuations in the Dipolar Pyrochlore Antiferromagnet
Cepas, Olivier; Shastry, B. Sriram
2005-03-01
While the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the pyrochlore lattice does not order, we will discuss, from a theoretical standpoint, possible magnetic phases induced by the dipole-dipole interactions. Such interactions play a role in systems such as Gd2Ti2O7 or Gd2Sn2O7 in stabilizing exotic forms of magnetic order, a subject of current debate. We will also argue that the external magnetic field induces multiple transitions, one of which is associated with no obvious broken symmetry, but can be characterized by a disorder parameter. Finally, Monte-Carlo simulations and Landau-Ginzburg expansion show that the dipolar Heisenberg model exhibits a fluctuation-induced first-order transition, thanks to the frustration and a continuous set of soft modes.
New heavy-fermion antiferromagnet UPd2Cd20
Hirose, Yusuke; Doto, Hiroshi; Honda, Fuminori; Li, Dexin; Aoki, Dai; Haga, Yoshinori; Settai, Rikio
2016-10-01
We succeeded in growing a new high quality single crystal of a ternary uranium compound UPd2Cd20. From the electrical resistivity, magnetization, magnetic susceptibility, and specific heat experiments, UPd2Cd20 is found to be an antiferromagnetic heavy-fermion compound with the Néel temperature {{T}\\text{N}} = 5 K and exhibits the large electronic specific heat coefficient γ exceeding 500 mJ (K2· mol)-1. This compound is the first one that exhibits the magnetic ordering with the magnetic moments of the U atom in a series of UT2X20 (T: transition metal, X = Al, Zn, Cd). UPd2Cd20 shows typical characteristic features in heavy-fermion systems such as a broad maximum in the magnetic susceptibility at {{T}{{χ\\text{max}}}} and a large coefficient A of T 2 term in the resistivity.
Interfaces in superconducting hybrid heterostructures with an antiferromagnetic interlayer
Constantinian, K. Y.; Kislinskii, Yu. V.; Ovsyannikov, G. A.; Shadrin, A. V.; Sheyerman, A. E.; Vasil'ev, A. L.; Presnyakov, M. Yu.; Komissinskiy, P. V.
2013-03-01
The structural, X-ray diffraction, and electrophysical studies of hybrid superconducting hetero-structures with an interlayer of cuprate antiferromagnetic Ca1 - x Sr x CuO2 (CSCO) with the upper electrode Nb/Au and the lower electrode YBa2Cu3O7 - δ (YBCO) have been carried out. It has been experimentally shown that the epitaxial growth of two cuprates, YBCO and CSCO, results in the formation of an interface on which the enrichment of the CSCO interlayer with charge carriers proceeds to a depth of about 20 nm. In this case, the conduction of the enriched CSCO region proves to be closer to metallic, whereas the CSCO film deposited onto the NdGaO3 substrate is a Mott insulator with hopping conduction.
Calculation of nonlinear magnetic susceptibility tensors for a uniaxial antiferromagnet
Lim, Siew-Choo; Osman, Junaidah; Tilley, D. R.
2000-11-01
In this paper, we present a derivation of the nonlinear susceptibility tensors for a two-sublattice uniaxial antiferromagnet up to the third-order effects within the standard definition by which the rf magnetization m is defined as a power series expansion in the rf fields h with the susceptibility tensors χ(q) as the coefficients. The starting point is the standard set of torque equations of motion for this problem. A complete set of tensor elements is derived for the case of a single-frequency input wave. Within a circular polarization frame (pnz) expressions are given for the first-order susceptibility, second-harmonic generation, optical rectification, third-harmonic generation and intensity-dependent susceptibility. Some of the coefficients with representative resonance features in the far infrared are illustrated graphically and we conclude with a brief discussion of the implications of the resonance features arising from the calculations and their potential applications.
Magnetocaloric properties of a frustrated Blume-Capel antiferromagnet
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Žukovič Milan
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Low-temperature magnetization processes and magnetocaloric properties of a geometrically frustrated spin-1 Blume-Capel model on a triangular lattice are studied by Monte Carlo simulations. The model is found to display qualitatively different behavior depending on the sign of the single-ion anisotropy D. For positive values of D we observe two magnetization plateaus, similar to the spin-1/2 Ising antiferromagnet, and negative isothermal entropy changes for any field intensity. For a range of small negative values of D there are four magnetization plateaus and the entropy changes can be either negative or positive, depending on the field. If D is negative but large in absolute value then the entropy changes are solely positive.
Terahertz-Driven Nonlinear Spin Response of Antiferromagnetic Nickel Oxide
Baierl, S.; Mentink, J. H.; Hohenleutner, M.; Braun, L.; Do, T.-M.; Lange, C.; Sell, A.; Fiebig, M.; Woltersdorf, G.; Kampfrath, T.; Huber, R.
2016-11-01
Terahertz magnetic fields with amplitudes of up to 0.4 Tesla drive magnon resonances in nickel oxide while the induced dynamics is recorded by femtosecond magneto-optical probing. We observe distinct spin-mediated optical nonlinearities, including oscillations at the second harmonic of the 1 THz magnon mode. The latter originate from coherent dynamics of the longitudinal component of the antiferromagnetic order parameter, which are probed by magneto-optical effects of second order in the spin deflection. These observations allow us to dynamically disentangle electronic from lattice-related contributions to magnetic linear birefringence and dichroism—information so far only accessible by ultrafast THz spin control. The nonlinearities discussed here foreshadow physics that will become essential in future subcycle spin switching.
Space Group Symmetry Fractionalization in a Chiral Kagome Heisenberg Antiferromagnet.
Zaletel, Michael P; Zhu, Zhenyue; Lu, Yuan-Ming; Vishwanath, Ashvin; White, Steven R
2016-05-13
The anyonic excitations of a spin liquid can feature fractional quantum numbers under space group symmetries. Detecting these fractional quantum numbers, which are analogs of the fractional charge of Laughlin quasiparticles, may prove easier than the direct observation of anyonic braiding and statistics. Motivated by the recent numerical discovery of spin-liquid phases in the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet, we theoretically predict the pattern of space group symmetry fractionalization in the kagome lattice SO(3)-symmetric chiral spin liquid. We provide a method to detect these fractional quantum numbers in finite-size numerics which is simple to implement in the density matrix renormalization group. Applying these developments to the chiral spin liquid phase of a kagome Heisenberg model, we find perfect agreement between our theoretical prediction and numerical observations.
Ferrimagnetism in delta chain with anisotropic ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions
Dmitriev, D. V.; Krivnov, V. Ya
2016-12-01
We consider analytically and numerically an anisotropic spin-\\frac{1}{2} delta-chain (sawtooth chain) in which exchange interactions between apical and basal spins are ferromagnetic and those between basal spins are antiferromagnetic. In the limit of strong anisotropy of exchange interactions this model can be considered as the Ising delta chain with macroscopic degenerate ground state perturbed by transverse quantum fluctuations. These perturbations lift the ground state degeneracy and the model reduces to the basal XXZ spin chain in the magnetic field induced by static apical spins. We show that the ground state of such a model is ferrimagnetic. The excitations of the model are formed by ferrimagnetic domains separated by domain walls with a finite energy. At low temperatures the system is effectively divided into two independent subsystems, the apical subsystem described by the Ising spin-\\frac{1}{2} chain and the basal subsystem described by the XXZ chain with infinite zz interactions.
Quantum Phase Transitions in Anti-ferromagnetic Planar Cubic Lattices
Wellard, C J; Wellard, Cameron; Orus, Roman
2004-01-01
Motivated by its relation to an NP-hard problem we analyze the ground state properties of anti-ferromagnetic Ising-spin networks in planar cubic lattices under the action of homogeneous transverse and longitudinal magnetic fields. We consider different instances of the cubic geometry and find a set of quantum phase transitions for each one of the systems, which we characterize by means of entanglement behavior and majorization theory. Entanglement scaling at the critical region is in agreement with results arising from conformal symmetry, therefore even the simplest planar systems can display very large amounts of quantum correlation. No conclusion can be made as to the scaling behavior of the minimum energy gap, with the data allowing equally good fits to exponential and power law decays. Analysis of entanglement and especially of majorization instead of the energy spectrum proves to be a good way of detecting quantum phase transitions in highly frustrated configurations.
Spectral evolution with doping of an antiferromagnetic Mott state
Wu, Huan-Kuang; Lee, Ting-Kuo
2017-01-01
Since the discovery of half-filled cuprate to be a Mott insulator, the excitation spectra above the chemical potential for the unoccupied states has attracted much research attention. There were many theoretical works using different numerical techniques to study this problem, but many have reached different conclusions. One of the reasons is the lack of very detailed high-resolution experimental results for the theories to be compared with. Recently, the scanning tunneling spectroscopy [P. Cai et al., Nat. Phys. 12, 1047 (2016), 10.1038/nphys3840; C. Ye et al., Nat. Commun. 4, 1365 (2013), 10.1038/ncomms2369] on lightly doped Mott insulator with an antiferromagnetic order found the presence of in-gap states with energy of order half an eV above the chemical potential. The measured spectral properties with doping are not quite consistent with earlier theoretical works. Although the experiment has disorder and localization effect, but for the energy scale we will study here, a model without disorder is sufficed to illustrate the underlying physics. We perform a diagonalization method on top of the variational Monte Carlo calculation to study the evolution of antiferromagnetic Mott state with doped hole concentration in the Hubbard model. Our results found in-gap states that behave similarly with ones reported by STS. These in-gap states acquire a substantial amount of dynamical spectral weight transferred from the upper Hubbard band. The in-gap states move toward chemical potential with increasing spectral weight as doping increases. Our result also provides information about the energy scale of these in-gap states in relation with the Coulomb coupling strength U .
Spin-wave multiple excitations in nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hou, Zhuofei [University of Georgia, Athens; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens; Stocks, George Malcolm [ORNL; Brown, G. [Florida State University, Tallahassee
2015-02-17
Monte Carlo and spin dynamics techniques have been used to perform large-scale simulations of the dynamic behavior of a nanoscale, classical, Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a simple-cubic lattice with linear sizes L≤ 40 at a temperature below the Neel temperature. In this study, nanoparticles are modeled with completely free boundary conditions, i.e., six free surfaces, and nanofilms are modeled with two free surfaces in the spatial z direction and periodic boundaries parallel to the surfaces in the xy direction, which are compared to the infinite system with periodic boundary conditions. The temporal evolutions of spin configurations were determined numerically from coupled equations of motion for individual spins using a fast spin dynamics algorithm with the fourth-order Suzuki-Trotter decomposition of exponential operators, with initial spin configurations generated by Monte Carlo simulations. The local dynamic structure factor S(q,ω) was calculated from the local space- and time-displaced spin-spin correlation function. Multiple excitation peaks for wave vectors within the first Brillouin zone appear in the spin-wave spectra of the transverse component of dynamic structure factor S^{T} (q,ω) in the nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet, which are lacking if periodic boundary conditions are used. With the assumption of q-space spin-wave reflections with broken momentum conservation due to free-surface confinements, we successfully explained those spectra quantitatively in the linear dispersion region. Meanwhile, we also observed two unexpected quantized spin-wave excitation modes in the spatial z direction in nanofilms for S^{T} (q,ω) not expected in bulk systems. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate the presence of unexpected forms of spin-wave excitation behavior that have yet to be observed experimentally but could be directly tested through neutron scattering experiments on nanoscale RbMnF_{3} particles or
Bao, Wei; Broholm, C.; Aeppli, G.; Carter, S. A.; Dai, P.; Rosenbaum, T. F.; Honig, J. M.; Metcalf, P.; Trevino, S. F.
1998-11-01
Magnetic correlations in all four phases of pure and doped vanadium sesquioxide (V2O3) have been examined by magnetic thermal-neutron scattering. Specifically, we have studied the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of metallic V2-yO3, the antiferromagnetic insulating and paramagnetic metallic phases of stoichiometric V2O3, and the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of insulating V1.944Cr0.056O3. While the antiferromagnetic insulator can be accounted for by a localized Heisenberg spin model, the long-range order in the antiferromagnetic metal is an incommensurate spin-density wave, resulting from a Fermi surface nesting instability. Spin dynamics in the strongly correlated metal are dominated by spin fluctuations with a ``single lobe'' spectrum in the Stoner electron-hole continuum. Furthermore, our results in metallic V2O3 represent an unprecedentedly complete characterization of the spin fluctuations near a metallic quantum critical point, and provide quantitative support for the self-consistent renormalization theory for itinerant antiferromagnets in the small moment limit. Dynamic magnetic correlations for ħω
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alvarez, G., E-mail: memodin@yahoo.com [Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, U.P.A.L.M, Edificio 9, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional S/N, San Pedro Zacatenco, México DF 07738 (Mexico); Contreras, J. [Facultad de Química de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cd. Universitaria, México DF 04510 (Mexico); Conde-Gallardo, A. [Departamento de Física, CINVESTAV-IPN, A.P. 14-740, México DF 07360 (Mexico); Montiel, H., E-mail: herlinda_m@yahoo.com [Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológico de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cd. Universitaria, A.P. 70-186, México DF 04510 (Mexico); Zamorano, R. [Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, U.P.A.L.M, Edificio 9, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional S/N, San Pedro Zacatenco, México DF 07738 (Mexico)
2013-12-15
An electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) study of Bi{sub 2}Fe{sub 4}O{sub 9} powders is carried out in X-band (8.8–9.8 GHz) and the 200–350 K temperature range. For all the temperatures, the EPR spectra show a single broad line attributable to Fe{sup 3+} (S=5/2) ions. The onset of the para–antiferromagnetic transition has been determined from the temperature dependence of the parameters deduced from EPR spectra: the peak-to-peak linewidth (ΔH{sub pp}) and the resonant field (H{sub res}); a weak ferromagnetism is also observed at low temperature and it is attributed to canting of Fe{sup 3+} ion sublattices in the antiferromagnetic matrix. The magnetically modulated microwave absorption spectroscopy (MAMMAS) and the low-field microwave absorption (LFMA) are used to give further information on this material. These techniques give evidence of the magnetic transition, suggesting a weak ferromagnetism at low temperature. - Highlights: • The changes in lineshape of the EPR spectra in Bi{sub 2}Fe{sub 4}O{sub 9} powders are studied. • The onset of the para–antiferromagnetic transition is detected. • A weak ferromagnetism is also observed in this material. • MAMMAS and LFMA techniques are used to give a further knowledge on the bismuth ferrite.
Pati, Satya Prakash; Al-Mahdawi, Muftah; Ye, Shujun; Shiokawa, Yohei; Nozaki, Tomohiro; Sahashi, Masashi
2016-12-01
The scaling of antiferromagnetic ordering temperature of corundum-type chromia films has been investigated. Néel temperature TN was determined from the effect of perpendicular exchange bias on the magnetization of a weakly-coupled adjacent ferromagnet. For a thick-film case, the validity of detection is confirmed by a susceptibility measurement. Detection of TN was possible down to 1-nm-thin chromia films. The scaling of ordering temperature with thickness was studied using different buffering materials and compared with Monte-Carlo simulations. The spin-correlation length and the corresponding critical exponent were estimated, and they were consistent between experimental and simulation results. The spin-correlation length is an order of magnitude less than cubic antiferromagnets. We propose that the difference is from the change of number of exchange-coupling links in the two crystal systems.
Collinear antiferromagnetism in trigonal SrMn2As2 revealed by single crystal neutron diffraction
Kreyssig, A.; Das, P.; Sangeetha, N. S.; Benson, Z. A.; Heitman, T.; Johnston, D. C.; Goldman, A. I.
FeAs-based compounds and related materials have been an area of intense research in understanding the complex interplay between magnetism and superconductivity. Here we report on the magnetic structure of SrMn2As2 that crystallizes in a trigonal structure (P 3 m1) and undergoes an antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition at TN ~ 120 K. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility remains nearly constant below TN with H ∥ c while it decreases significantly with H ∥ ab . This shows that the local Mn moments order and lie in the ab plane instead of aligning along the c axis as in BaMn2As2. Single crystal neutron diffraction measurements on SrMn2As2 determined that the Mn moments are collinearly aligned in a G-type AFM order with AFM alignments between a moment and all nearest neighbors in the basal plane and also perpendicular to it. This manifests that G-type AFM order is robust for Mn122 systems despite different symmetries, i.e. tetragonal for BaMn2As2 and trigonal for SrMn2As2.Work at Ames Laboratory was supported by the DOE, BES, Division of Materials Sciences & Engineering, through DE-AC02-07CH11358. This research used resources at University of Missouri Research Reactor.
Wang, Yi-Xu; Zhang, Hu; Wu, Mei-Ling; Tao, Kun; Li, Ya-Wei; Yan, Tim; Long, Ke-Wen; Long, Teng; Pang, Zheng; Long, Yi
2016-12-01
The magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effects (MCE) of HoNiGa compound are investigated systematically. The HoNiGa exhibits a weak antiferromagnetic (AFM) ground state below the Ńeel temperature TN of 10 K, and the AFM ordering could be converted into ferromagnetic (FM) ordering by external magnetic field. Moreover, the field-induced FM phase exhibits a high saturation magnetic moment and a large change of magnetization around the transition temperature, which then result in a large MCE. A large -ΔSM of 22.0 J/kg K and a high RC value of 279 J/kg without magnetic hysteresis are obtained for a magnetic field change of 5 T, which are comparable to or even larger than those of some other magnetic refrigerant materials in the same temperature range. Besides, the μ0H2/3 dependence of well follows the linear fitting according to the mean-field approximation, suggesting the nature of second-order FM-PM magnetic transition under high magnetic fields. The large reversible MCE induced by metamagnetic transition suggests that HoNiGa compound could be a promising material for magnetic refrigeration in low temperature range. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51671022 and 51427806), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation, China (Grant No. 2162022), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (Grant No. FRF-TP-15-002A3).
Extending the Family of V(4+) S=(1/2) Kagome Antiferromagnets.
Clark, Lucy; Aidoudi, Farida H; Black, Cameron; Arachchige, Kasun S A; Slawin, Alexandra M Z; Morris, Russell E; Lightfoot, Philip
2015-12-14
The ionothermal synthesis, structure, and magnetic susceptibility of a novel inorganic-organic hybrid material, imidazolium vanadium(III,IV) oxyfluoride [C3 H5 N2 ][V9 O6 F24 (H2 O)2 ] (ImVOF) are presented. The structure consists of inorganic vanadium oxyfluoride slabs with kagome layers of V(4+) S=${{ 1/2 }}$ ions separated by a mixed valence layer. These inorganic slabs are intercalated with imidazolium cations. Quinuclidinium (Q) and pyrazinium (Pyz) cations can also be incorporated into the hybrid structure type to give QVOF and PyzVOF analogues, respectively. The highly frustrated topology of the inorganic slabs, along with the quantum nature of the magnetism associated with V(4+) , means that these materials are excellent candidates to host exotic magnetic ground states, such as the highly sought quantum spin liquid. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of all samples suggest an absence of conventional long-range magnetic order down to 2 K despite considerable antiferromagnetic exchange.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gong, W. J.; Liu, W., E-mail: wliu@imr.ac.cn; Feng, J. N.; Zhang, Z. D. [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China); Kim, D. S.; Choi, C. J. [Functional Materials Division, Korea Institute of Materials Science, 531 Changwon- daero, Changwon 631-831 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-04-07
The effect of antiferromagnetic (AFM) layer on exchange bias (EB), training effect, and magnetotransport properties in ferromagnetic (FM) /AFM nanoscale antidot arrays and sheet films Ag(10 nm)/Co(8 nm)/NiO(t{sub NiO})/Ag(5 nm) at 10 K is studied. The AFM layer thickness dependence of the EB field shows a peak at t{sub NiO} = 2 nm that is explained by using the random field model. The misalignment of magnetic moments in the three-dimensional antidot arrays causes smaller decrease of EB field compared with that in the sheet films for training effect. The anomalous magnetotransport properties, in particular positive magnetoresistance (MR) for antidot arrays but negative MR for sheet films are found. The training effect and magnetotransport properties are strongly affected by the three-dimensional spin-alignment effects in the antidot arrays.
Long-range order for the spin-1 Heisenberg model with a small antiferromagnetic interaction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lees, Benjamin, E-mail: b.lees@warwick.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)
2014-09-15
We look at the general SU(2) invariant spin-1 Heisenberg model. This family includes the well-known Heisenberg ferromagnet and antiferromagnet as well as the interesting nematic (biquadratic) and the largely mysterious staggered-nematic interaction. Long range order is proved using the method of reflection positivity and infrared bounds on a purely nematic interaction. This is achieved through the use of a type of matrix representation of the interaction making clear several identities that would not otherwise be noticed. Using the reflection positivity of the antiferromagnetic interaction one can then show that the result is maintained if we also include an antiferromagnetic interaction that is sufficiently small.
Kim, Tae Heon; Grünberg, Peter; Han, Song Hee; Cho, Beongki
2016-01-01
The spin-torque driven dynamics of antiferromagnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) were investigated based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert-Slonczewski equation with antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic order parameters (l and m, respectively). We demonstrate that antiferromagnets including DMI can be described by a 2-dimensional pendulum model of l. Because m is coupled with l, together with DMI and exchange energy, close examination of m provides fundamental understanding of its dynamics in linear and nonlinear regimes. Furthermore, we discuss magnetization reversal as a function of DMI and anisotropy energy induced by a spin current pulse. PMID:27713522
Observation of the antiferromagnetic resonance of multi-sublattice modes in KCuF 3
Shi, Qingfan; Li, Liangsheng; Mino, Michinobu; Yamada, Isao; Yamazaki, Hitoshi
2006-05-01
We report antiferromagnetic resonance measurements of KCuF 3 at various frequencies from 3.8 to 10 GHz at 4.2 K. A second antiferromagnetic resonance absorption mode is observed in the [1 0 0] p direction and equivalent directions, where [ ] p represents an axis in a unit cell of the perovskite structure. Using the eight-sublattice model proposed by Yamada and Kato [J. Phys. Soc. Japan 63 (1994) 289], the numerical calculation for the antiferromagnetic resonance indicates that this second absorption mode comes from one of the resonance modes of the eight-sublattice system.
Kim, Tae Heon; Grünberg, Peter; Han, Song Hee; Cho, Beongki
2016-10-01
The spin-torque driven dynamics of antiferromagnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) were investigated based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert-Slonczewski equation with antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic order parameters (l and m, respectively). We demonstrate that antiferromagnets including DMI can be described by a 2-dimensional pendulum model of l. Because m is coupled with l, together with DMI and exchange energy, close examination of m provides fundamental understanding of its dynamics in linear and nonlinear regimes. Furthermore, we discuss magnetization reversal as a function of DMI and anisotropy energy induced by a spin current pulse.
Glaessgen, Edward H.; Schoeppner, Gregory A.
2006-01-01
NASA Langley Research Center has successfully developed an electron beam freeform fabrication (EBF3) process, a rapid metal deposition process that works efficiently with a variety of weldable alloys. The EBF3 process can be used to build a complex, unitized part in a layer-additive fashion, although the more immediate payoff is for use as a manufacturing process for adding details to components fabricated from simplified castings and forgings or plate products. The EBF3 process produces structural metallic parts with strengths comparable to that of wrought product forms and has been demonstrated on aluminum, titanium, and nickel-based alloys to date. The EBF3 process introduces metal wire feedstock into a molten pool that is created and sustained using a focused electron beam in a vacuum environment. Operation in a vacuum ensures a clean process environment and eliminates the need for a consumable shield gas. Advanced metal manufacturing methods such as EBF3 are being explored for fabrication and repair of aerospace structures, offering potential for improvements in cost, weight, and performance to enhance mission success for aircraft, launch vehicles, and spacecraft. Near-term applications of the EBF3 process are most likely to be implemented for cost reduction and lead time reduction through addition of details onto simplified preforms (casting or forging). This is particularly attractive for components with protruding details that would require a significantly large volume of material to be machined away from an oversized forging, offering significant reductions to the buy-to-fly ratio. Future far-term applications promise improved structural efficiency through reduced weight and improved performance by exploiting the layer-additive nature of the EBF3 process to fabricate tailored unitized structures with functionally graded microstructures and compositions.
Masuda, Hidetoshi; Sakai, Hideaki; Tokunaga, Masashi; Yamasaki, Yuichi; Miyake, Atsushi; Shiogai, Junichi; Nakamura, Shintaro; Awaji, Satoshi; Tsukazaki, Atsushi; Nakao, Hironori; Murakami, Youichi; Arima, Taka-hisa; Tokura, Yoshinori; Ishiwata, Shintaro
2016-01-01
For the innovation of spintronic technologies, Dirac materials, in which low-energy excitation is described as relativistic Dirac fermions, are one of the most promising systems because of the fascinating magnetotransport associated with extremely high mobility. To incorporate Dirac fermions into spintronic applications, their quantum transport phenomena are desired to be manipulated to a large extent by magnetic order in a solid. We report a bulk half-integer quantum Hall effect in a layered antiferromagnet EuMnBi2, in which field-controllable Eu magnetic order significantly suppresses the interlayer coupling between the Bi layers with Dirac fermions. In addition to the high mobility of more than 10,000 cm(2)/V s, Landau level splittings presumably due to the lifting of spin and valley degeneracy are noticeable even in a bulk magnet. These results will pave a route to the engineering of magnetically functionalized Dirac materials.
Itinerant antiferromagnetism in FeMn P0.8S i0.2 single crystals
Sales, B. C.; Susner, M. A.; Conner, B. S.; Yan, J. Q.; May, A. F.
2015-09-01
Compounds based on the F e2P structure have continued to attract interest because of the interplay between itinerant and localized magnetism in a noncentrosymmetric crystal structure, and because of the recent developments of these materials for magnetocaloric applications. Here we report the growth and characterization of millimeter-sized single crystals of FeMn P0.8S i0.2 with the F e2P structure. Single-crystal x-ray diffraction, magnetization, resistivity, and Hall and heat capacity data are reported. The crystals exhibit itinerant antiferromagnetic order below 158 K with no hint of ferromagnetic behavior in the magnetization curves and with the spins ordered primarily in the a b plane. The room-temperature resistivity is close to the Ioffe-Regel limit for a metal. Single-crystal x-ray diffraction indicates a strong preference for Mn to occupy the larger pyramidal 3 g site. The cation site preference in the as-grown crystals and the antiferromagnetism are not changed after high-temperature anneals and a rapid quench to room temperature.
Spin frustration and magnetic ordering in triangular lattice antiferromagnet Ca3CoNb2O9
Dai, Jia; Zhou, Ping; Wang, Peng-Shuai; Pang, Fei; Munsie, Tim J.; Luke, Graeme M.; Zhang, Jin-Shan; Yu, Wei-Qiang
2015-12-01
We synthesized a quasi-two-dimensional distorted triangular lattice antiferromagnet Ca3CoNb2O9, in which the effective spin of Co2+ is 1/2 at low temperatures, whose magnetic properties were studied by dc susceptibility and magnetization techniques. The x-ray diffraction confirms the quality of our powder samples. The large Weiss constant θCW˜ -55 K and the low Neel temperature TN˜ 1.45 K give a frustration factor f = | θCW/TN | ≈ 38, suggesting that Ca3CoNb2O9 resides in strong frustration regime. Slightly below TN, deviation between the susceptibility data under zero-field cooling (ZFC) and field cooling (FC) is observed. A new magnetic state with 1/3 of the saturate magnetization Ms is suggested in the magnetization curve at 0.46 K. Our study indicates that Ca3CoNb2O9 is an interesting material to investigate magnetism in triangular lattice antiferromagnets with weak anisotropy. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11374364 and 11222433), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2011CBA00112). Research at McMaster University supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council. Work at North China Electric Power University supported by the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry.
Xu, Zhijun; Schneeloch, J. A.; Wen, Jinsheng; Božin, E. S.; Granroth, G. E.; Winn, B. L.; Feygenson, M.; Birgeneau, R. J.; Gu, Genda; Zaliznyak, I. A.; Tranquada, J. M.; Xu, Guangyong
2016-03-01
It has recently been demonstrated that dynamical magnetic correlations measured by neutron scattering in iron chalcogenides can be described with models of short-range correlations characterized by particular choices of four-spin plaquettes, where the appropriate choice changes as the parent material is doped towards superconductivity. Here we apply such models to describe measured maps of magnetic scattering as a function of two-dimensional wave vectors obtained for optimally superconducting crystals of FeTe1 -xSex . We show that the characteristic antiferromagnetic wave vector evolves from that of the bicollinear structure found in underdoped chalcogenides (at high temperature) to that associated with the stripe structure of antiferromagnetic iron arsenides (at low temperature); these can both be described with the same local plaquette, but with different interplaquette correlations. While the magnitude of the low-energy magnetic spectral weight is substantial at all temperatures, it actually weakens somewhat at low temperature, where the charge carriers become more itinerant. The observed change in spin correlations is correlated with the dramatic drop in the electronic scattering rate and the growth of the bulk nematic response upon cooling. Finally, we also present powder neutron diffraction results for lattice parameters in FeTe1 -xSex indicating that the tetrahedral bond angle tends to increase towards the ideal value upon cooling, in agreement with the increased screening of the crystal field by more itinerant electrons and the correspondingly smaller splitting of the Fe 3 d orbitals.
Coexistence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in (Li0.8Fe0.2)OHFeSe.
Lu, X F; Wang, N Z; Wu, H; Wu, Y P; Zhao, D; Zeng, X Z; Luo, X G; Wu, T; Bao, W; Zhang, G H; Huang, F Q; Huang, Q Z; Chen, X H
2015-03-01
Iron selenide superconductors exhibit a number of unique characteristics that are helpful for understanding the mechanism of superconductivity in high-Tc iron-based superconductors more generally. However, in the case of AxFe2Se2 (A = K, Rb, Cs), the presence of an intergrown antiferromagnetic insulating phase makes the study of the underlying physics problematic. Moreover, FeSe-based systems intercalated with alkali metal ions, NH3 molecules or organic molecules are extremely sensitive to air, which prevents the further investigation of their physical properties. It is therefore desirable to find a stable and easily accessible FeSe-based superconductor to study its physical properties in detail. Here, we report the synthesis of an air-stable material, (Li0.8Fe0.2)OHFeSe, which remains superconducting at temperatures up to ~40 K, by means of a novel hydrothermal method. The crystal structure is unambiguously determined by a combination of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction and nuclear magnetic resonance. Moreover, antiferromagnetic order is shown to coexist with superconductivity. This synthetic route opens a path for exploring superconductivity in other related systems, and confirms the appeal of iron selenides as a platform for understanding superconductivity in iron pnictides more broadly.
Superfluid and antiferromagnetic phases in ultracold fermionic quantum gases
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gottwald, Tobias
2010-08-27
In this thesis several models are treated, which are relevant for ultracold fermionic quantum gases loaded onto optical lattices. In particular, imbalanced superfluid Fermi mixtures, which are considered as the best way to realize Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) states experimentally, and antiferromagnetic states, whose experimental realization is one of the next major goals, are examined analytically and numerically with the use of appropriate versions of the Hubbard model. The usual Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) superconductor is known to break down in a magnetic field with a strength exceeding the size of the superfluid gap. A spatially inhomogeneous spin-imbalanced superconductor with a complex order parameter known as FFLO-state is predicted to occur in translationally invariant systems. Since in ultracold quantum gases the experimental setups have a limited size and a trapping potential, we analyze the realistic situation of a non-translationally invariant finite sized Hubbard model for this purpose. We first argue analytically, why the order parameter should be real in a system with continuous coordinates, and map our statements onto the Hubbard model with discrete coordinates defined on a lattice. The relevant Hubbard model is then treated numerically within mean field theory. We show that the numerical results agree with our analytically derived statements and we simulate various experimentally relevant systems in this thesis. Analogous calculations are presented for the situation at repulsive interaction strength where the N'eel state is expected to be realized experimentally in the near future. We map our analytical results obtained for the attractive model onto corresponding results for the repulsive model. We obtain a spatially invariant unit vector defining the direction of the order parameter as a consequence of the trapping potential, which is affirmed by our mean field numerical results for the repulsive case. Furthermore, we observe
Thickness-dependent cooperative aging in polycrystalline films of antiferromagnet CoO
Ma, Tianyu; Cheng, Xiang; Boettcher, Stefan; Urazhdin, Sergei; Novozhilova, Lydia
2016-07-01
We demonstrate that thin polycrystalline films of antiferromagnet CoO, in bilayers with ferromagnetic Permalloy, exhibit slow power-law aging of their magnetization state. The aging characteristics are remarkably similar to those previously observed in thin epitaxial Fe50Mn50 films, indicating that these behaviors are likely generic to ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayers. In very thin films, aging is observed over a wide temperature range. In thicker CoO, aging effects become reduced at low temperatures. Aging entirely disappears for large CoO thicknesses. We also investigate the dependence of aging characteristics on temperature and magnetic history. Analysis shows that the observed behaviors are inconsistent with the Neel-Arrhenius model of thermal activation, and are instead indicative of cooperative aging of the antiferromagnet. Our results provide new insights into the mechanisms controlling the stationary states and dynamics of ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayers, and potentially other frustrated magnetic systems.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Voropajeva, N., E-mail: niina.voropajeva@ut.ee [Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Riia 142, 51014 Tartu (Estonia); Sherman, A., E-mail: alexei@fi.tartu.ee [Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Riia 142, 51014 Tartu (Estonia)
2012-09-03
Magnetic excitations and spin correlations near the interface of two spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnets are considered using the spin-wave approximation. When the interaction between boundary spins differs essentially from exchange constants inside the antiferromagnets, quasi-two-dimensional spin waves appear in the near-boundary region. They eject bulk magnons from this region, thereby dividing the antiferromagnets into areas with different magnetic excitations. The decreased dimensionality of the near-boundary modes leads to amplified nearest-neighbor spin correlations in the interface area. -- Highlights: ► Excitations near the interface of two Heisenberg antiferromagnets are considered. ► Different quasi-two-dimensional spin waves may appear in the interface region. ► The interface modes eject bulk modes from the near-boundary region. ► The interface modes produce amplified spin correlations near the boundary.
Exchange biasing single molecule magnets: coupling of TbPc2 to antiferromagnetic layers.
Lodi Rizzini, A; Krull, C; Balashov, T; Mugarza, A; Nistor, C; Yakhou, F; Sessi, V; Klyatskaya, S; Ruben, M; Stepanow, S; Gambardella, P
2012-11-14
We investigate the possibility to induce exchange bias between single molecule magnets (SMM) and metallic or oxide antiferromagnetic substrates. Element-resolved X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements reveal, respectively, the presence and absence of unidirectional exchange anisotropy for TbPc(2) SMM deposited on antiferromagnetic Mn and CoO layers. TbPc(2) deposited on Mn thin films present magnetic hysteresis and a negative horizontal shift of the Tb magnetization loop after field cooling, consistent with the observation of pinned spins in the Mn layer coupled parallel to the Tb magnetic moment. Conversely, molecules deposited on CoO substrates present paramagnetic magnetization loops with no indication of exchange bias. These experiments demonstrate the ability of SMM to polarize the pinned uncompensated spins of an antiferromagnet during field-cooling and realize metal-organic exchange-biased heterostructures using antiferromagnetic pinning layers.
Evaluation of Watson-like integrals for a hyper bcc antiferromagnetic lattice
Radošević, S. M.; Pantić, M. R.; Kapor, D. V.; Pavkov-Hrvojević, M. V.; Škrinjar, M. G.
2010-04-01
Watson-like integrals for a d-dimensional bcc antiferromagnetic lattice, I_d (\\eta ) =\\frac{1}{\\pi ^d} \\prod _{i = 1}^d \\int _0^{\\pi } \\mathrm{d}x_i \\; \\frac{ \\eta }{\\sqrt{\\eta ^2 - \\prod \
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jiang Qing; Zhong Chonggui
2002-12-30
Soft-mode theory based on DIFFOUR model for ferroelectric interaction and the mean-field theory of high spin Ising model for antiferromagnetic interaction are used to investigate the ferroelectric, antiferromagnetic, magnetoelectric properties in ferroelectromagnetic lattice in which the ferroelectric order and antiferromagnetic order coexist simultaneously below a certain temperature. Ferroelectric polarization, spin moment, and magnetoelectric susceptibility as well, as a function of temperature for system, are calculated and compared with the different coupling coefficient. It is found that an anomaly appears in curve of the polarization susceptibility as a function of temperature due to the coupling between the ferroelectric and antiferromagnetic orders in the ferroelectromagnetic lattice. At the same time, we also considered the influence of magnetoelectric effect on polarization susceptibility by applying the external field including electric and magnetic.
Ground state configurations in antiferromagnetic ultrathin films with dipolar anisotropy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leon, H., E-mail: hleon@imre.oc.uh.cu [Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnologia de Materiales, Universidad de La Habana, Zapata e/ Mazon y G. Vedado, 10400 La Habana (Cuba)
2013-02-15
The formalism developed in a previous work to calculate the dipolar energy in quasi-two-dimensional crystals with ferromagnetic order is now extended to collinear antiferromagnetic order. Numerical calculations of the dipolar energy are carried out for systems with tetragonally distorted fcc [001] structures, the case of NiO and MnO ultrathin film grown in non-magnetic substrates, where the magnetic phase is a consequence of superexchange and dipolar interactions. The employed approximation allows to demonstrate that dipolar coupling between atomic layers is responsible for the orientation of the magnetization when it differs from the one in a single layer. The ground state energy of a given NiO or MnO film is found to depend not only on the strain, but also on how much the interlayer separation and the 2D lattice constant are changed with respect to the ideal values corresponding to the non-distorted cubic structure. Nevertheless, it is shown that the orientation of the magnetization in the magnetic phase of any of these films is determined by the strain exclusively. A striped phase with the magnetization along the [112{sup Macron }] direction appears as the ground state configuration of NiO and MnO ultrathin films. In films with equally oriented stripes along the layers this magnetic phase is twofold degenerate, while in films with multidomain layers it is eightfold degenerate. These results are not in contradiction with experimentally observed out-of-plane or in-plane magnetization of striped phases in NiO and MnO ultrathin films. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dipolar energy in collinear antiferromagnetic ultrathin films is calculated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Numerical results are presented for distorted fcc [001] structures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The lowest energy of a system depends on how the tetragonal distortion is achieved. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A striped phase with magnetization in the [112{sup Macron }] direction is the
Magnetoelectric and antiferromagnetic photogalvanic effects in RMn2O5 oxides: A symmetric approach
Men'shenin, V. V.
2012-10-01
Possible magnetic states of the commensurate antiferromagnetic manganate phase with a nonzero wave vector of the structure have been analyzed within the group-theoretical approach using only the space symmetry group. A phenomenological description of the magnetoelectric effect has been performed and the possibility of the existence of the antiferromagnetic photogalvanic effect in this phase has been established using the magnetic states obtained in this study.
Antiferromagnetic textures and dynamics on the surface of a heavy metal
Zarzuela, Ricardo; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav
2017-01-01
We investigate the formation and dynamics of spin textures in antiferromagnetic insulators adjacent to a heavy-metal substrate with strong spin-orbit interactions. Exchange coupling to conduction electrons engenders an effective anisotropy, Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, and a magnetoelectric effect for the N\\'{e}el order, which can conspire to produce nontrivial antiferromagnetic textures. Current-driven spin transfer enabled by the heavy metal, furthermore, triggers ultrafast (THz) osc...
One- and Two- Magnon Excitations in a One-Dimensional Antiferromagnet in a Magnetic Field
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Heilmann, I.U.; Kjems, Jørgen; Endoh, Y.;
1981-01-01
We have carried out a comprehensive experimental and theoretical study of the inelastic scattering in the one-dimensional near-Heisenberg antiferromagnet (CD3)4NMnCl3 (TMMC) at low temperatures, 0.3......We have carried out a comprehensive experimental and theoretical study of the inelastic scattering in the one-dimensional near-Heisenberg antiferromagnet (CD3)4NMnCl3 (TMMC) at low temperatures, 0.3...
Relaxation of antiferromagnetic order in spin-1/2 chains following a quantum quench.
Barmettler, Peter; Punk, Matthias; Gritsev, Vladimir; Demler, Eugene; Altman, Ehud
2009-04-03
We study the unitary time evolution of antiferromagnetic order in anisotropic Heisenberg chains that are initially prepared in a pure quantum state far from equilibrium. Our analysis indicates that the antiferromagnetic order imprinted in the initial state vanishes exponentially. Depending on the anisotropy parameter, oscillatory or nonoscillatory relaxation dynamics is observed. Furthermore, the corresponding relaxation time exhibits a minimum at the critical point, in contrast to the usual notion of critical slowing down, from which a maximum is expected.
Structural Distortion Stabilizing the Antiferromagnetic and Semiconducting Ground State of BaMn2As2
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ekkehard Krüger
2016-09-01
Full Text Available We report evidence that the experimentally found antiferromagnetic structure as well as the semiconducting ground state of BaMn 2 As 2 are caused by optimally-localized Wannier states of special symmetry existing at the Fermi level of BaMn 2 As 2 . In addition, we find that a (small tetragonal distortion of the crystal is required to stabilize the antiferromagnetic semiconducting state. To our knowledge, this distortion has not yet been established experimentally.
Masuda, Hiroshi; Okubo, Tsuyoshi; Kawamura, Hikaru
2012-08-03
Motivated by the recent experiment on kagome-lattice antiferromagnets, we study the zero-field ordering behavior of the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on a uniaxially distorted kagome lattice by Monte Carlo simulations. A first-order transition, which has no counterpart in the corresponding undistorted model, takes place at a very low temperature. The origin of the transition is ascribed to a cooperative proliferation of topological excitations inherent to the model.
Kawamura, Hikaru; Arimori, Takuya
2002-02-18
Ordering of the geometrically frustrated two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore slab is studied by Monte Carlo simulations. In contrast to the kagomé Heisenberg antiferromagnet, the model exhibits locally noncoplanar spin structures at low temperatures, bearing nontrivial chiral degrees of freedom. Under certain conditions, the model exhibits a novel Kosterlitz-Thouless-type transition at a finite temperature associated with these chiral degrees of freedom.
Evidence for a bicritical point in the XXZ Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a simple cubic lattice.
Selke, Walter
2011-04-01
The classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet with uniaxial exchange anisotropy (XXZ model) in a field on a simple cubic lattice is studied with the help of extensive Monte Carlo simulations. We analyze, in particular, various staggered susceptibilities and Binder cumulants and present clear evidence for the triple point of the antiferromagnetic, spin-flop, and paramagnetic phases being a bicritical point with Heisenberg symmetry. Results are compared to previous predictions applying various theoretical approaches.
Schwandt, David; Mambrini, Matthieu; Poilblanc, Didier
2010-06-01
We propose a general nonperturbative scheme that quantitatively maps the low-energy sector of spin-1/2 frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnets to effective generalized quantum dimer models. We develop the formal lattice-independent frame and establish some important results on (i) the locality of the generated Hamiltonians, (ii) how full resummations can be performed in this renormalization scheme. The method is then applied to the much debated kagome antiferromagnet for which a fully resummed effective Hamiltonian—shown to capture the essential properties and provide deep insights on the microscopic model [D. Poilblanc, M. Mambrini, and D. Schwandt, Phys. Rev. B 81, 180402(R) (2010)]—is derived.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sharmin, S; Umegaki, I; Tanaka, H; Ono, T [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ookayama 2-12-1, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Tanaka, G; Nojiri, H [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Fujisawa, M [Development of Frontier Research and Technology, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Matsumi, N; Tomoo, M [Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Okubo, S; Ohta, H [Molecular Photoscience Research Center, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Sakurai, T, E-mail: sharmin@lee.phys.titech.ac.jp [Center for Supports to Research and Education Activities, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan)
2011-07-20
We have investigated the antiferromagnetic resonance modes of the kagome antiferromagnet Cs{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}SnF{sub 12} both theoretically and experimentally. High-field electron spin resonance experiments on single crystals were conducted in the ordered phase at different frequencies and temperatures with the external magnetic field parallel to the c axis. Considering three sublattices, we calculated the resonance modes for the motions of the sublattice magnetizations within the framework of the mean field approximation. It was found that the frequency-field diagram is in good agreement with the experimental results.
Ultrafast Band Engineering and Transient Spin Currents in Antiferromagnetic Oxides.
Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M
2016-04-29
We report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observed in classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices.
Non-collinear antiferromagnets and the anomalous Hall effect
Kübler, J.; Felser, C.
2014-12-01
The anomalous Hall effect is investigated theoretically by employing density functional calculations for the non-collinear antiferromagnetic order of the hexagonal compounds Mn3Ge and Mn3Sn using various planar triangular magnetic configurations as well as unexpected non-planar configurations. The former give rise to anomalous Hall conductivities (AHC) that are found to be extremely anisotropic. For the planar cases the AHC is connected with Weyl points in the energy-band structure. If this case were observable in Mn3Ge, a large AHC of about σzx≈ 900 (Ω \\text{cm})-1 should be expected. However, in Mn3Ge it is the non-planar configuration that is energetically favored, in which case it gives rise to an AHC of σxy≈ 100 (Ω \\text{cm})-1 . The non-planar configuration allows a quantitative evaluation of the topological Hall effect that is seen to determine this value of σxy to a large extent. For Mn3Sn it is the planar configurations that are predicted to be observable. In this case the AHC can be as large as σyz≈250 (Ω \\text{cm})-1 .
Thermally stable magnetic skyrmions in multilayer synthetic antiferromagnetic racetracks
Zhang, Xichao; Ezawa, Motohiko; Zhou, Yan
2016-08-01
A magnetic skyrmion is a topological magnetization structure with a nanometric size and a well-defined swirling spin distribution, which is anticipated to be an essential building block for novel skyrmion-based device applications. We study the motion of magnetic skyrmions in multilayer synthetic antiferromagnetic (SAF) racetracks as well as in conventional monolayer ferromagnetic (FM) racetracks at finite temperature. There is an odd-even effect of the constituent FM layer number on the skyrmion Hall effect (SkHE). Namely, due to the suppression of the SkHE, the magnetic skyrmion has no transverse motion in multilayer SAF racetracks packed with even FM layers. It is shown that a moving magnetic skyrmion is stable even at room temperature (T =300 K) in a bilayer SAF racetrack but it is destructed at T =100 K in a monolayer FM racetrack. Our results indicate that the SAF structures are reliable and promising candidates for future applications in skyrmion electronics and skyrmion spintronics.
Spin-dynamics simulations of the triangular antiferromagnetic XY model*
Nho, Kwangsik; Landau, D. P.
2003-03-01
Using Monte Carlo and spin-dynamics methods, we have studied the dynamic behavior of the classical, antiferromagnetic XY model on a triangular lattice. The temporal evolutions of spin configurations were obtained by solving numerically the coupled equations of motion for each spin using fourth-order Suzuki-Trotter decompositions of exponential operators. We calculated the dynamic structure factor S(q,w) for momentum q and frequency w. Below T_KT (Kosteritz-Thouless transition), both the in-plane (S^xx) and out-of-plane (S^zz) components exhibit very strong and sharp spin-wave peaks. Well above T_KT, S^xx and S^zz apparently display a central peak, and spin-wave signatures are still seen in S^zz. In addition, we also observed an almost dispersionless domain-wall peak at high w below Tc (Ising transition), where long-range order appears in the staggered chirality[1]. We found that our results demonstrate the consistency of the dynamic finite-size scaling theory for the characteristic frequency wm and S(q,w). *Supported by NSF [1] D.H. Lee, J.D. Joannopoulos, J.W. Negele, and D.P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 433 (1984)
Spin-dynamics simulations of the antiferromagnetic triangular XY model*
Nho, Kwangsik; Landau, D. P.
2002-03-01
Using Monte Carlo and spin-dynamics methods, we have simulated the dynamic behavior of the classical, antiferromagnetic XY model on a triangular lattice. The temporal evolutions of spin configurations were obtained by solving numerically the coupled equations of motion for each spin using fourth-order Suzuki-Trotter decompositions of exponential operators. From space-and time-displaced spin-spin correlation functions and their space-time Fourier transforms we obtained the dynamic structure factor S(q,w) for momentum q and frequency w. Below T_c, where long-range order appears in the staggered chirality[1], S(q,w) exhibits very strong and sharp spin-wave peaks in the in-plane-component S^xx. We also observe two-spin-wave peaks at low w and an almost dispersionless domain-wall peak at high w. Above T_c, a weak spin-wave peak persists but the domain-wall peak disappears for all q. We have calculated the dispersion relation and the linewidth of the spin-wave peak in S^xx by fitting the line shape to simple Lorentzians. *Supported by NSF [1] D.H. Lee, J.D. Joannopoulos, J.W. Negele, and D.P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 433 (1984)
Griffiths phase behaviour in a frustrated antiferromagnetic intermetallic compound
Ghosh, Krishanu; Mazumdar, Chandan; Ranganathan, R.; Mukherjee, S.
2015-10-01
The rare coexistence of a Griffiths phase (GP) and a geometrically frustrated antiferromagnetism in the non-stoichiometric intermetallic compound GdFe0.17Sn2 (the paramagnetic Weiss temperature θp ~ -59 K) is reported in this work. The compound forms in the Cmcm space group with large structural anisotropy (b/c ~ 4). Interestingly, all the atoms in the unit cell possess the same point group symmetry (Wycoff position 4c), which is rather rare. The frustration parameter, f = |θp|/TN has been established as 3.6, with the Néel temperature TN and Griffiths temperature TG being 16.5 and 32 K, respectively. The TG has been determined from the heat capacity measurement and also from the magnetocaloric effect (MCE). It is also shown that substantial difference in GP region may exist between zero field and field cooled measurements - a fact hitherto not emphasized so far.
On Scaling Relations of Organic Antiferromagnets with Magnetic Anions
Shimahara, Hiroshi; Kono, Yuki
2017-04-01
We study a recently reported scaling relation of the specific heat of the organic compounds λ-(BETS)2FexGa1-xCl4. This relation suggests that the sublattice magnetization m of the π electrons and the antiferromagnetic transition temperature TN are proportional to x. Note that the scaling relation for TN can be explained by considering the effective interaction between the π electrons via the localized 3d spins on the FeCl4 anions. The effective interaction is analogous to the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interaction, but the roles of the conductive electrons and the localized spins are interchanged. Using available energy scales, it is shown that the TN scaling relation indicates that the system is in the vicinity of the quantum critical point. It is argued that the scaling relation for m at low temperatures, i.e., below TN but excluding temperatures in the vicinity of TN, indicates that the mismatch between the Fermi surface and that shifted by the nesting vector is large, at least for a large part of the Fermi surface. We also discuss the scaling relation near TN.
Ferromagnetism at the interfaces of antiferromagnetic FeRh epilayers
Fan, R.; Kinane, C. J.; Charlton, T. R.; Dorner, R.; Ali, M.; de Vries, M. A.; Brydson, R. M. D.; Marrows, C. H.; Hickey, B. J.; Arena, D. A.; Tanner, B. K.; Nisbet, G.; Langridge, S.
2010-11-01
The nanoscale magnetic structure of FeRh epilayers has been studied by polarized neutron reflectometry. Epitaxial films with a nominal thickness of 500Å were grown on MgO (001) substrates via molecular-beam epitaxy and capped with 20Å of MgO. The FeRh films show a clear transition from the antiferromagnetic (AF) state to the ferromagnetic (FM) state with increasing temperature. Surprisingly the films possess a FM moment even at a temperature 80 K below the AF-FM transition temperature of the film. We have quantified the magnitude and spatial extent of this FM moment, which is confined to within ˜60-80Å of the FeRh near the top and bottom interfaces. These interfacial FM layers account for the unusual effects previously observed in films with thickness <100Å . Given the delicate energy balance between the AF and FM ground states we suggest a metastable FM state resides near to the interface within an AF matrix. The length scale over which the FM region resides is consistent with the strained regions of the film.
Micromagnetic theory of antiferromagnetically coupled magnetic recording media
Schabes, Manfred
2001-03-01
The micromagnetic theory of antiferromagnetically coupled magnetic recording media (AFC media) is discussed for the case of AFC media consisting of two ferromagnetic layers and a polarization layer.[1-2] Attention is focused on AFC media where the top layer governs the remanent magnetization while the bottom layer acts as a slave layer. Micromagnetic simulations of recorded bit transitions demonstrate a good anticorrelation of the layer magnetizations at bit transitions for this case. Calculation of MR readback pulses shows that these AFC media have pulse widths of a thin single layer magnetic recording medium with an effective MrT that is approximately given by the difference in MrT's of the top and bottom layers. Magnetic stability is set to first order by the thicker top layer and the interactions between the top and bottom layers. [1] E.E. Fullerton, D.T. Margulies, M.E. Schabes, M. Carey, B. Gurney, A. Moser, M. Best, G. Zeltzer, K. Rubin, H. Rosen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77 (2000), 3806. [2] E.N. Abarra, A. Inomata, H. Sato, I. Okamoto, Y. Mizoshita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77 (2000), 2581.
Magnetization reversal dynamics in antiferromagnetically coupled magnetic recording media
Schabes, Manfred
2002-03-01
Antiferromagnetically coupled (AFC) media have been shown to provide an important extension of longitudinal magnetic data storage at high bit densities.[1,2] In this work we report the results of micromagnetic calculations to examine the magnetization reversal mechanism in two-layer AFC media as a function of bottom layer thickness and interfacial exchange coupling. It is shown that the magnetization reversal in the top and bottom layers can proceed at rather different time scales, if the interfacial energy density is small or the bottom layer thickness is large. In this case the reversal of the bottom layer may involve spin wave like oscillations that require time periods for damping that are large compared to the reversal time of the top layer. Detailed solutions of the Landau-Lifshitz-Langevin[2] equations are discussed to study these novel oscillatory excitations in AFC media at a temperature of 350 K. [1] E.E. Fullerton et al., Appl. Phys. Lett., vol.77, (2000),3806. [2] M.E. Schabes et al., IEEE Trans. Mag. MAG-37, (2001), 1432.
Theoretical study of the role of charge ordering in antiferromagnetically ordered manganites
Panda, Saswati; Kar, J. K.; Rout, G. C.
2016-09-01
We address the interplay of charge and magnetic orderings in colossal magnetoresistive material manganese oxides. We propose here on-site double exchange spin-spin interaction in the presence of Heisenberg-type spin-spin interaction in localized t 2g core electrons. We consider charge-density wave (CDW) interaction in the crystal lattice as an extra mechanism in the itinerant e g band, to take into account of colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) in the system. We calculate electron Green’s functions by Zubarev’s Green’s function technique and hence calculate the charge-ordering gap and magnetic gap in the conduction band as well as core electron states. These orders are solved self-consistently for different model parameters of the system. We observe that the induced magnetic gap in the conduction band exists near the antiferromagnetic Néel temperature, which accounts for the CMR in the system. For all values of temperature, the CDW coupling lies in the range of g = 0.04 to 0.06, where the induced magnetic gap exists. The temperature-dependent specific heat exhibits anomalous jumps near charge-ordering and magnetic-ordering temperatures. The e g electron density of states exhibits a two-gap structure which explains tunneling conductance spectra measurements.
Magnetocaloric effect in pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2 Ti2 O7
Sosin, S. S.; Prozorova, L. A.; Smirnov, A. I.; Golov, A. I.; Berkutov, I. B.; Petrenko, O. A.; Balakrishnan, G.; Zhitomirsky, M. E.
2005-03-01
An adiabatic demagnetization process is studied in Gd2Ti2O7 , a geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice. In contrast to conventional paramagnetic salts, this compound can exhibit a temperature decrease by a factor of 10 in the temperature range below the Curie-Weiss constant. The most efficient cooling is observed in the field interval between 120 and 60kOe corresponding to a crossover between saturated and spin-liquid phases. This phenomenon indicates that a considerable part of the magnetic entropy survives in the strongly correlated state. According to the theoretical model, this entropy is associated with a macroscopic number of local modes remaining gapless until the saturation field. Monte Carlo simulations on a classical spin model demonstrate good agreement with the experiment. The cooling power of the process is experimentally estimated with a view to possible technical applications. The results for Gd2Ti2O7 are compared to those for Gd3Ga5O12 , a well-known material for low temperature magnetic refrigeration.
Heat switch effect in an antiferromagnetic insulator Co3V2O8
Zhao, X.; Wu, J. C.; Zhao, Z. Y.; He, Z. Z.; Song, J. D.; Zhao, J. Y.; Liu, X. G.; Sun, X. F.; Li, X. G.
2016-06-01
We report a heat switch effect in single crystals of an antiferromagnet Co3V2O8, that is, the thermal conductivity (κ) can be changed with magnetic field in an extremely large scale. Due to successive magnetic phase transitions at 12-6 K, the zero-field κ(T ) displays a deep minimum at 6.7 K and rather small magnitude at low temperatures. Both the temperature and field dependencies of κ demonstrate that the phonons are strongly scattered at the regime of magnetic phase transitions. Magnetic field can suppress magnetic scattering effect and significantly recover the phonon thermal conductivity. In particular, a 14 T field along the a axis increases the κ at 7.5 K up to 100 times. For H ∥c , the magnitude of κ can be suppressed down to ˜8% at some field-induced transition and can be enhanced up to 20 times at 14 T. The present results demonstrate that it is possible to design a kind of heat switch in the family of magnetic materials.
Antiferromagnetic and superconducting gaps and their interrelation in high-T sub c cuprates
Arrigoni, E; Eckl, T; Hanke, W
2003-01-01
We propose a phenomenological model, comprising a microscopic SO(5) model plus the on-site Hubbard interaction U (projected SO(5) model) to understand the interrelation between the d-wave-gap modulation observed by recent angle-resolved photoemission experiments in the insulating antiferromagnet Ca sub 2 CuO sub 2 Cl sub 2 and the d-wave gap of high-T sub c superconducting materials. The on-site interaction U is important in order to produce a Mott gap of the correct order of magnitude, which would be absent in an exact SO(5) theory. The projected SO(5)-model explains the gap characteristics, namely both the symmetry and the different order of magnitude of the gap modulations between the AF and the SCc phases. Furthermore, it is shown that the projected SO(5) theory can provide an explanation for a recent observation [E. Pavarini et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 47003 (2001)], i. e. that the maximum T sub c observed in a large variety of high-T sub c cuprates scales with the next-nearest-neighbor hopping matrix e...
Temperature-Dependent Magnetic Response of Antiferromagnetic Doping in Cobalt Ferrite Nanostructures
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adeela Nairan
2016-04-01
Full Text Available In this work MnxCo1−xFe2O4 nanoparticles (NPs were synthesized using a chemical co-precipitation method. Phase purity and structural analyses of synthesized NPs were performed by X-ray diffractometer (XRD. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM reveals the presence of highly crystalline and narrowly-dispersed NPs with average diameter of 14 nm. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR spectrum was measured in the range of 400–4000 cm−1 which confirmed the formation of vibrational frequency bands associated with the entire spinel structure. Temperature-dependent magnetic properties in anti-ferromagnet (AFM and ferromagnet (FM structure were investigated with the aid of a physical property measurement system (PPMS. It was observed that magnetic interactions between the AFM (Mn and FM (CoFe2O4 material arise below the Neel temperature of the dopant. Furthermore, hysteresis response was clearly pronounced for the enhancement in magnetic parameters by varying temperature towards absolute zero. It is shown that magnetic properties have been tuned as a function of temperature and an externally-applied field.
Gomonay, O.; Kläui, M.; Sinova, J.
2016-10-01
Future applications of antiferromagnets (AFs) in many spintronics devices rely on the precise manipulation of domain walls. The conventional approach using static magnetic fields is inefficient due to the low susceptibility of AFs. Recently proposed electrical manipulation with spin-orbit torques is restricted to metals with a specific crystal structure. Here, we propose an alternative, broadly applicable approach: using asymmetric magnetic field pulses to induce controlled ratchet motion of AF domain walls. The efficiency of this approach is based on three peculiarities of AF dynamics. First, a time-dependent magnetic field couples with an AF order parameter stronger than a static magnetic field, which leads to higher mobility of the domain walls. Second, the rate of change of the magnetic field couples with the spatial variation of the AF order parameter inside the domain, and this enables a synchronous motion of multiple domain walls with the same structure. Third, tailored asymmetric field pulses in combination with static friction can prevent backward motion of domain walls and thus lead to the desired controlled ratchet effect. The proposed use of an external field, rather than internal spin-orbit torques, avoids any restrictions on size, conductivity, and crystal structure of the AF material. We believe that our approach paves a way for the development of AF-based devices based on the controlled motion of AF domain walls.
Enjalran, Matthew; Del Maestro, Adrian; Gingras, Michel J. P.
2008-03-01
The rare-earth pyrochlore gadolinium titanate, Gd2Ti2O7, represents an excellent experimental realization of a Heisenberg antiferromagnet (AFM) in a frustrated geometry with weak long-range dipole-dipole interactions (approximately 20% of nearest neighbor AFM exchange). Experiments on Gd2Ti2O7 in a magnetic field reveal a complex phase diagram associated with the breaking of spatial symmetries of the pyrochlore lattice as the field is applied along select symmetry directions. We study a model of classical Heisenberg spins (O(3) symmetry) on a pyrochlore lattice with exchange and dipolar interactions within mean-field theory. Using parameters relevant to the material system, we develop phase diagrams in finite magnetic fields. Our results our compared to experiments on Gd2Ti2O7 (and Gd2Sn2O7).
Shinaoka, Hiroshi; Tomita, Yusuke; Motome, Yukitoshi
2011-07-22
Motivated by puzzling characteristics of spin-glass transitions widely observed in pyrochlore-based frustrated materials, we investigate the effects of coupling to local lattice distortions in a bond-disordered antiferromagnet on the pyrochlore lattice by extensive Monte Carlo simulations. We show that the spin-glass transition temperature T(f) is largely enhanced by the spin-lattice coupling and, furthermore, becomes almost independent of Δ in a wide range of the disorder strength Δ. The critical property of the spin-glass transition is indistinguishable from that of the canonical Heisenberg spin glass in the entire range of Δ. These peculiar behaviors are ascribed to a modification of the degenerate manifold from a continuous to semidiscrete one by spin-lattice coupling.
Giant Anomalous Hall Effect in the Chiral Antiferromagnet Mn3Ge
Kiyohara, Naoki; Tomita, Takahiro; Nakatsuji, Satoru
2016-06-01
The external field control of antiferromagnetism is a significant subject both for basic science and technological applications. As a useful macroscopic response to detect magnetic states, the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) is known for ferromagnets, but it has never been observed in antiferromagnets until the recent discovery in Mn3Sn . Here we report another example of the AHE in a related antiferromagnet, namely, in the hexagonal chiral antiferromagnet Mn3Ge . Our single-crystal study reveals that Mn3Ge exhibits a giant anomalous Hall conductivity |σx z|˜60 Ω-1 cm-1 at room temperature and approximately 380 Ω-1 cm-1 at 5 K in zero field, reaching nearly half of the value expected for the quantum Hall effect per atomic layer with Chern number of unity. Our detailed analyses on the anisotropic Hall conductivity indicate that in comparison with the in-plane-field components |σx z| and |σz y|, which are very large and nearly comparable in size, we find |σy x| obtained in the field along the c axis to be much smaller. The anomalous Hall effect shows a sign reversal with the rotation of a small magnetic field less than 0.1 T. The soft response of the AHE to magnetic field should be useful for applications, for example, to develop switching and memory devices based on antiferromagnets.
Antiferromagnetic order and spin glass behavior in Dy{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Siouris, I.M., E-mail: jsiou@pme.duth.gr [Democritus University of Thrace (DUTH), Production and Management Engineering Department, Materials Laboratory, 67100 Xanthi (Greece); Kremer, R.K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Hoelzel, M. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II), 85748 Garching (Germany)
2011-11-15
The magnetic properties of the intermetallic compound Dy{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3} have been investigated. Ac and dc-susceptibility measurements indicate an onset of antiferromagnetic ordering at T{sub N}=19.5 K and an additional frequency dependent transition at T{sub ds}{approx}9 K. Neutron diffraction studies confirm the ordered transition at 19.5{+-}1 K. The magnetic unit cell can be described by the propagation vector k=(0.25,0.25,0) with the magnetic moment {mu}=2.63(4){mu}{sub B}/Dy{sup 3+} parallel to the c-axis. Nevertheless, neutron diffraction reveals no additional magnetic phase transition around or below 9 K, which suggests that, at lower temperatures, a spin glass state may be formed in coexistence with the antiferromagnetic mode as a result of frustration and the antagonism between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. - Highlights: > Dy{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3} is characterized by the dominance of antiferromagnetic (AF) interactions. > Geometric frustration and crystal field effects prevent the formation of the full magnetic moment on the Dy ions. > Two magnetic regimes are recognized: an AF state and a mixed AF-glassy state. > The antiferromagnetic structure of the compound has been determined.
Er_{2}Ti_{2}O_{7}: Evidence of quantum order by disorder in a frustrated antiferromagnet
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Champion, J.D.M.; Harris, M.J.; Holdsworth, P.C.W.;
2003-01-01
Er(2)Ti(2)O(7) has been suggested to be a realization of the frustrated XY pyrochlore lattice antiferromagnet, for which theory predicts fluctuation-induced symmetry breaking in a highly degenerate ground state manifold. We present a theoretical analysis of the classical model compared...... to neutron scattering experiments on the real material, both below and above T(N)=1.173(2) K. The model correctly predicts the ordered magnetic structure, suggesting that the real system has order stabilized by zero-point quantum fluctuations that can be modeled by classical spin wave theory. However...
Velocity of excitations in ordered, disordered, and critical antiferromagnets
Sen, Arnab; Suwa, Hidemaro; Sandvik, Anders W.
2015-11-01
We test three different approaches, based on quantum Monte Carlo simulations, for computing the velocity c of triplet excitations in antiferromagnets. We consider the standard S =1 /2 one- and two-dimensional Heisenberg models, as well as a bilayer Heisenberg model at its critical point. Computing correlation functions in imaginary time and using their long-time behavior, we extract the lowest excitation energy versus momentum using improved fitting procedures and a generalized moment method. The velocity is then obtained from the dispersion relation. We also exploit winding numbers to define a cubic space-time geometry, where the velocity is obtained as the ratio of the spatial and temporal lengths of the system when all winding number fluctuations are equal. The two methods give consistent results for both ordered and critical systems, but the winding number estimator is more precise. For the Heisenberg chain, we accurately reproduce the exactly known velocity. For the two-dimensional Heisenberg model, our results are consistent with other recent calculations, but with an improved statistical precision, c =1.65847 (4 ) . We also use the hydrodynamic relation c2=ρs/χ⊥(q →0 ) between c , the spin stiffness ρs, and the transversal susceptibility χ⊥, using the smallest non-zero momentum q =2 π /L . This method also is well controlled in two dimensions, but the cubic criterion for winding numbers delivers better numerical precision. In one dimension, the hydrodynamic relation is affected by logarithmic corrections which make accurate extrapolations difficult. As an application of the winding number method, for the quantum-critical bilayer model our high-precision determination of the velocity enables us to quantitatively test, at an unprecedented level, the field-theoretic low-temperature scaling forms χ =(a /c2)T and C =(b /c2) T2 . We find agreement to within 3 % with the leading 1 /N results for the factors a and b in the O (N ) model, but the agreement
Exchange bias up to room temperature in antiferromagnetic hexagonal Mn3Ge
Qian, J. F.; Nayak, A. K.; Kreiner, G.; Schnelle, W.; Felser, C.
2014-07-01
Mn3.04Ge0.96 has a hexagonal crystal structure, which can be stabilized by high-temperature annealing, and shows antiferromagnetic order with a small ferromagnetic component of less than 0.1μB and a coercivity of 0.45 T. In the ordered phase, magnetization curves M(H) exhibit an exchange bias of 62 mT at T = 2 K after field cooling, which is observable up to room temperature. The exchange anisotropy is suggested to originate from the exchange interaction between the host of triangular-antiferromagnetic Mn3Ge units and embedded ferrimagnetic-like clusters. Such clusters develop when excess Mn atoms occupy empty Ge sites in the original triangular-antiferromagnetic structure of Mn3Ge.
Indications of c-axis Charge Transport in Hole Doped Triangular Antiferromagnets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIANG Ying; LIU Bin; FENG Shi-Ping
2004-01-01
The c-axis charge transport of the hole doped triangular antiferromagnet is investigated within the tJ model by considering the incoherent interlayer hopping.It is shown that the c-axis charge transport of the hole doped triangular antiferromagnet is essentially determined by the scattering from the in-plane fluctuation.The c-axis conductivity spectrum shows a lov-energy peak and the unusual high-energy broad band,while the c-axis resistivity is characterized by a crossover from the high temperature metallic-like behavior to the Iow temperature insulating-like behavior,which is qualitatively consistent with those of the hole doped square lattice antiferromagnet.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fernández-Pacheco, A., E-mail: af457@cam.ac.uk; Mansell, R.; Petit, D.; Lee, J. H.; Cowburn, R. P. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Ummelen, F. C.; Swagten, H. J. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Center for NanoMaterials, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)
2014-09-01
We have designed a bilayer synthetic antiferromagnet where the order of layer reversal can be selected by varying the sweep rate of the applied magnetic field. The system is formed by two ultra-thin ferromagnetic layers with different proximities to the spin reorientation transition, coupled antiferromagnetically using Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interactions. The different dynamic magnetic reversal behavior of both layers produces a crossover in their switching fields for field rates in the kOe/s range. This effect is due to the different effective anisotropy of both layers, added to an appropriate asymmetric antiferromagnetic coupling between them. Field-rate controlled selective switching of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy layers as shown here can be exploited in sensing and memory applications.
Anisotropic magnetocaloric effect in antiferromagnetic systems: Application to EuTiO3
Alho, B. P.; Carvalho, A. Magnus G.; von Ranke, P. J.
2014-09-01
In this work, we theoretically predicted an anisotropic magnetocaloric effect of the same order of magnitude of the usual magnetocaloric effect for antiferromagnetic systems. The anisotropic magnetic properties come from the anti-parallel alignment of the magnetic sites and can be optimized depending on the magnetic field change. This result highlights the applicability of antiferromagnetic compounds as refrigerants based on the anisotropic magnetocaloric effect. For this purpose, we considered a Hamiltonian model, including the exchange and Zeeman interactions in a two sublattices framework. It is worth noting that no anisotropy is explicitly included on the Hamiltonian model, although the system presents an anisotropic behavior. The calculations were applied to the G-type antiferromagnetic compound EuTiO3.
How antiferromagnetism drives the magnetization of a ferromagnetic thin film to align out of plane.
Wang, Bo-Yao; Hong, Jhen-Yong; Yang, Kui-Hon Ou; Chan, Yuet-Loy; Wei, Der-Hsin; Lin, Hong-Ji; Lin, Minn-Tsong
2013-03-15
Interfacial moments of an antiferromagnet are known for their prominent effects of induced coercivity enhancement and exchange bias in ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic exchange-coupled systems. Here we report that the unpinned moments of an antiferromagnetic face-centered-cubic Mn layer can drive the magnetization of an adjacent Fe film perpendicular owing to a formation of intrinsic perpendicular anisotropy. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and hysteresis loops show establishment of perpendicular magnetization on Fe/Mn bilayers while temperature was decreased. The fact that the magnitude of perpendicular anisotropy of the Fe layer is enhanced proportionally to the out-of-plane oriented orbital moment of the Mn unpinned layer, rather than that of Fe itself, gives evidence for the Mn unpinned moments to be the origin of the established perpendicular magnetization.
Relativistic Néel-Order Fields Induced by Electrical Current in Antiferromagnets
Železný, J.
2014-10-06
We predict that a lateral electrical current in antiferromagnets can induce nonequilibrium Néel-order fields, i.e., fields whose sign alternates between the spin sublattices, which can trigger ultrafast spin-axis reorientation. Based on microscopic transport theory calculations we identify staggered current-induced fields analogous to the intraband and to the intrinsic interband spin-orbit fields previously reported in ferromagnets with a broken inversion-symmetry crystal. To illustrate their rich physics and utility, we consider bulk Mn2Au with the two spin sublattices forming inversion partners, and a 2D square-lattice antiferromagnet with broken structural inversion symmetry modeled by a Rashba spin-orbit coupling. We propose an antiferromagnetic memory device with electrical writing and reading.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Jin-Wei; HU Jing-Guo; CHEN Guang
2004-01-01
The temperature dependence of exchange bias and coercivity in a ferromagnetic layer coupled with an antiferromagnetic layer is discussed.In this model,the temperature dependence comes from the thermal instability of the system states and the temperature modulated relative magnetic parameters.Morever,the thermal fluctuation of orientations of easy axes of antiferromagnetic grains at preparing has been considered.From the present model,the experimental results can be illustrated qualitatively for available magnetic parameters.Based on our discussion,we can conclude that soft ferromagnetic layer coupled by hard antiferromagnetic layer may be very applicable to design magnetic devices.In special exchange coupling,we can get high exchange bias and low coercivity almost independent of temperature for proper temperature ranges.
Scaling relations of three-dimensional random-exchange quantum antiferromagnets
Tan, Deng-Ruei; Jiang, Fu-Jiun
2015-11-01
The thermal and ground state properties of a class of three-dimensional (3D) random-exchange spin-1/2 antiferromagnets are studied using first principles quantum Monte Carlo method. Our motivation is to examine whether the newly discovered universal scaling properties, which connect the Néel temperature and the staggered magnetization density, for the clean 3D quantum dimerized Heisenberg models remain valid for the random-exchange models considered here. Remarkably, similar to the clean systems, our Monte Carlo results indicate that these scaling relations also emerge for the considered models with the introduced antiferromagnetic randomness. The scope of the validity of these scaling properties for the 3D quantum antiferromagnets is investigated as well.
Spin superconductivity in the frustrated two-dimensional antiferromagnet in the square lattice
Lima, L. S.
2017-02-01
We use the SU(2) Schwinger boson formalism to study the spin transport in the two-dimensional S = 1 / 2 frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a square lattice, considering the second-neighbors interactions in the diagonal. We have obtained a spin superfluid behavior for the spin transport to this system similar to obtained recently to the triangular lattice. We consider an antiferromagnetic inter-chain coupling on the diagonal, J2 > 0 , and the nearest-neighbor coupling antiferromagnetic J1 > 0 . We also have in the critical temperature T0, where the correlation length ξ → 0 , that the system suffers a transition from an ordered ground state to a disordered ground state.
Distinct spin liquids and their transitions in spin-1/2 XXZ kagome antiferromagnets.
He, Yin-Chen; Chen, Yan
2015-01-23
By using the density matrix renormalization group approach, we study spin-liquid phases of spin-1/2 XXZ kagome antiferromagnets. We find that the emergence of the spin-liquid phase is independent of the anisotropy of the XXZ interaction. In particular, the two extreme limits-the Ising (a strong S^{z} interaction) and the XY (zero S^{z} interaction)-host the same spin-liquid phases as the isotropic Heisenberg model. Both a time-reversal-invariant spin liquid and a chiral spin liquid with spontaneous time-reversal symmetry breaking are obtained. We show that they evolve continuously into each other by tuning the second- and the third-neighbor interactions. And last, we discuss possible implications of our results for the nature of spin liquid in nearest-neighbor XXZ kagome antiferromagnets, including the nearest-neighbor spin-1/2 kagome antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Drichko, Natalia; Hackl, Rudi; Schlueter, John A.
2015-10-15
Using Raman scattering, the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Br (T-c = 11.8 K) and the related antiferromagnet kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Cl are studied. Raman scattering provides unique spectroscopic information about magnetic degrees of freedom that has been otherwise unavailable on such organic conductors. Below T = 200 K a broad band at about 500 cm(-1) develops in both compounds. We identify this band with two-magnon excitation. The position and the temperature dependence of the spectral weight are similar in the antiferromagnet and in the metallic Fermi liquid. We conclude that antiferromagnetic correlations are similarly present in the magnetic insulator and the Fermi-liquid state of the superconductor.
Electrical manipulation of ferromagnetic NiFe by antiferromagnetic IrMn
Tshitoyan, V.; Ciccarelli, C.; Mihai, A. P.; Ali, M.; Irvine, A. C.; Moore, T. A.; Jungwirth, T.; Ferguson, A. J.
2015-12-01
We demonstrate that an antiferromagnet can be employed for a highly efficient electrical manipulation of a ferromagnet. In our study, we use an electrical detection technique of the ferromagnetic resonance driven by an in-plane ac current in a NiFe/IrMn bilayer. At room temperature, we observe antidampinglike spin torque acting on the NiFe ferromagnet, generated by an in-plane current driven through the IrMn antiferromagnet. A large enhancement of the torque, characterized by an effective spin-Hall angle exceeding most heavy transition metals, correlates with the presence of the exchange-bias field at the NiFe/IrMn interface. It highlights that, in addition to the strong spin-orbit coupling, the antiferromagnetic order in IrMn governs the observed phenomenon.
Lapinskas, Saulius; Rosengren, Anders
1994-06-01
Using the cluster-variation method we study the phase diagram of the Blume-Emergy-Griffiths (BEG) model on simple cubic and face-centered cubic lattices. For the simple cubic lattice the main attention is paid to reentrant phenomena and ferrimagnetic phases occurring in a certain range of coupling constants. The results are in close agreement with Monte-Carlo data, available for parts of the phase diagram. Several ferrimagnetic phases are obtained in the vicinity of the line in parameter space, at which the model reduces to the antiferromagnetic three-state Potts model. Our results imply the existence of three phase transitions in the antiferromagnetic Potts model on the simple-cubic lattice. The phase diagrams for the BEG model on the face-centered cubic lattice are obtained in the region of antiquadrupolar ordering. Also the several ordered phases of the antiferromagnetic Potts model on this lattice are discussed.
Tyagi, Pawan; Baker, Collin; D'Angelo, Christopher
2015-07-31
This paper reports our Monte Carlo (MC) studies aiming to explain the experimentally observed paramagnetic molecule induced antiferromagnetic coupling between ferromagnetic (FM) electrodes. Recently developed magnetic tunnel junction based molecular spintronics devices (MTJMSDs) were prepared by chemically bonding the paramagnetic molecules between the FM electrodes along the tunnel junction's perimeter. These MTJMSDs exhibited molecule-induced strong antiferromagnetic coupling. We simulated the 3D atomic model analogous to the MTJMSD and studied the effect of molecule's magnetic couplings with the two FM electrodes. Simulations show that when a molecule established ferromagnetic coupling with one electrode and antiferromagnetic coupling with the other electrode, then theoretical results effectively explained the experimental findings. Our studies suggest that in order to align MTJMSDs' electrodes antiparallel to each other, the exchange coupling strength between a molecule and FM electrodes should be ∼50% of the interatomic exchange coupling for the FM electrodes.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Zhao-Sen; Sechovsk(y) Vladimir; Divi(s) Martin
2011-01-01
@@ A Usov-type quantum model based on a mean-field approximation is utilized to simulate the magnetic structure of an assumed rare-earth nanoparticle consisting of an antiferromagnetic core and a paramagnetic outer shell.We study the magnetic properties in the presence and absence of an external magnetic field.Our simulation results show that the magnetic moments in the core region orientate antiferromagnetically in zero external magnetic field; an applied magnetic field rotates all of the magnetic moments in the paramagnetic shell completely to the field direction, and turns those in the core (which tries to maintain its original antiferromagnetic structure) towards the orientation in some degree; and the paramagnetic shell does not have a strong influence on the magnetic configuration of the core.%A Usov-type quantum model based on a mean-field approximation is utilized to simulate the magnetic structure of an assumed rare-earth nanoparticle consisting of an antiferromagnetic core and a paramagnetic outer shell. We study the magnetic properties in the presence and absence of an external magnetic field. Our simulation results show that the magnetic moments in the core region orientate antiferromagnetically in zero external magnetic field; an applied magnetic field rotates all of the magnetic moments in the paramagnetic shell completely to the Geld direction, and turns those in the core (which tries to maintain its original antiferromagnetic structure) towards the orientation in some degree; and the paramagnetic shell does not have a strong influence on the magnetic configuration of the core.
Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature.
Nakatsuji, Satoru; Kiyohara, Naoki; Higo, Tomoya
2015-11-12
In ferromagnetic conductors, an electric current may induce a transverse voltage drop in zero applied magnetic field: this anomalous Hall effect is observed to be proportional to magnetization, and thus is not usually seen in antiferromagnets in zero field. Recent developments in theory and experiment have provided a framework for understanding the anomalous Hall effect using Berry-phase concepts, and this perspective has led to predictions that, under certain conditions, a large anomalous Hall effect may appear in spin liquids and antiferromagnets without net spin magnetization. Although such a spontaneous Hall effect has now been observed in a spin liquid state, a zero-field anomalous Hall effect has hitherto not been reported for antiferromagnets. Here we report empirical evidence for a large anomalous Hall effect in an antiferromagnet that has vanishingly small magnetization. In particular, we find that Mn3Sn, an antiferromagnet that has a non-collinear 120-degree spin order, exhibits a large anomalous Hall conductivity of around 20 per ohm per centimetre at room temperature and more than 100 per ohm per centimetre at low temperatures, reaching the same order of magnitude as in ferromagnetic metals. Notably, the chiral antiferromagnetic state has a very weak and soft ferromagnetic moment of about 0.002 Bohr magnetons per Mn atom (refs 10, 12), allowing us to switch the sign of the Hall effect with a small magnetic field of around a few hundred oersted. This soft response of the large anomalous Hall effect could be useful for various applications including spintronics--for example, to develop a memory device that produces almost no perturbing stray fields.
Giant electrothermal conductivity and spin-phonon coupling in an antiferromagnetic oxide.
Chiorescu, C; Neumeier, J J; Cohn, J L
2008-12-19
The application of weak electric fields ( less, similar 100 V/cm) is found to dramatically enhance the lattice thermal conductivity of the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3 over a broad range of temperature about the Néel ordering point (125 K). The effect is coincident with field-induced detrapping of bound electrons, suggesting that phonon scattering associated with short- and long-ranged antiferromagnetic order is suppressed in the presence of the mobilized charge. This interplay between bound charge and spin-phonon coupling might allow for the reversible control of spin fluctuations using weak external fields.
Disappearance of antiferromagnetic spin excitations in overdoped La2-xSrxCuO4.
Wakimoto, S; Yamada, K; Tranquada, J M; Frost, C D; Birgeneau, R J; Zhang, H
2007-06-15
Magnetic excitations for energies up to approximately 100 meV are studied for overdoped La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO(4) with x=0.25 and 0.30, using time-of-flight neutron spectroscopy. Comparison of spectra integrated over the width of an antiferromagnetic Brillouin zone demonstrates that the magnetic scattering at intermediate energies, 20
Critical behavior of the three-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet RbMnF3
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Coldea, R.; Cowley, R.A.; Perring, T.G.;
1998-01-01
The magnetic critical scattering of the near-ideal three-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet (AF) RbMnF3 has been remeasured using neutron scattering. The critical dynamics has been studied in detail in the temperature range 0.77T(N) < T < 1.11T(N), where T-N is the Neel temperature. In agreem......The magnetic critical scattering of the near-ideal three-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet (AF) RbMnF3 has been remeasured using neutron scattering. The critical dynamics has been studied in detail in the temperature range 0.77T(N)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Finazzi, M.; Brambilla, A.; Biagioni, P.; Graf, J.; Gweon, G.-H.; Scholl, A.; Lanzara, A.; Duo, L.
2006-09-07
We report experimental evidence for a transition in theinterface coupling between an antiferromagnetic film and a ferromagneticsubstrate. The transition is observed in a thin epitaxial NiO film grownon top of Fe(001) as the film thickness is increased. Photoemissionelectron microscopy excited with linearly polarized x rays shows that theNiO film is antiferromagnetic at room temperature with in-plane uniaxialmagnetic anisotropy. The anisotropy axis is perpendicular to the Fesubstrate magnetization when the NiO thickness is less than about 15A,but rapidly becomes parallel to the Fe magnetization for a NiO coveragehigher than 25 A.
von Reppert, A; Pudell, J; Koc, A; Reinhardt, M; Leitenberger, W; Dumesnil, K; Zamponi, F; Bargheer, M
2016-09-01
We present a temperature and fluence dependent Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction study of a laser-heated antiferromagnetic dysprosium thin film. The loss of antiferromagnetic order is evidenced by a pronounced lattice contraction. We devise a method to determine the energy flow between the phonon and spin system from calibrated Bragg peak positions in thermal equilibrium. Reestablishing the magnetic order is much slower than the cooling of the lattice, especially around the Néel temperature. Despite the pronounced magnetostriction, the transfer of energy from the spin system to the phonons in Dy is slow after the spin-order is lost.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gammelmark, Søren; Eckardt, André
2013-01-01
We theoretically study the adiabatic preparation of an antiferromagnetic phase in a mixed Mott insulator of two bosonic atom species in a one-dimensional optical lattice. In such a system one can engineer a tunable parabolic inhomogeneity by controlling the difference of the trapping potentials...... felt by the two species. Using numerical simulations we predict that a finite parabolic potential can assist the adiabatic preparation of the antiferromagnet. The optimal strength of the parabolic inhomogeneity depends sensitively on the number imbalance between the two species. We also find...
Critical Behaviour of Pure and Site-Random Two Dimensional Antiferromagnets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Birgenau, R. J.; Als-Nielsen, Jens Aage; Shirane, G.
1977-01-01
Quasielastic neutron scattering studies of the static critical behavior in the two-dimensional antiferromagnets K2NiF4, K2MnF4, and Rb2Mn0.5Ni0.5F4 are reported. For T......Quasielastic neutron scattering studies of the static critical behavior in the two-dimensional antiferromagnets K2NiF4, K2MnF4, and Rb2Mn0.5Ni0.5F4 are reported. For T...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JI An-Chun; TIAN Guang-Shan
2007-01-01
In the present paper, we investigate the quantum phase transition in a spatially anisotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model of S = 1 with single-ion energy anisotropy. By using the Schwinger boson representation, we calculate the Gaussian correction to the critical value Jc⊥ caused by quantum spin fluctuations. We find that, for the positive single-ion energy, a nonzero value of Jc⊥ is always needed to stabilize the antiferromagnetic long-range order in this model. It resolves a difference among literature and shows clearly that the effect of quantum fluctuations may qualitatively change a result obtained by the mean-field theories on lower-dimensional systems.
Quantum phase transition induced by Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions in the kagome antiferromagnet
Cepas, Olivier; Fong, C. M.; Leung, P. W.; Lhuillier, C.
2008-01-01
We argue that the S=1/2 kagome antiferromagnet undergoes a quantum phase transition when the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya coupling is increased. For $DD_c$ the system develops antiferromagnetic long-range order. The quantum critical point is found to be $D_c \\simeq 0.1J$ using exact diagonalizations and finite-size scaling. This suggests that the kagome compound ZnCu$_3(OH)$_6$Cl$_3$ may be in a quantum critical region controlled by this fixed point.
Evaluation of Watson-like Integrals for Hyper bcc Antiferromagnetic Lattice
Radosevic, S M; Kapor, D V; Pavkov-Hrvojevic, M V; Skrinjar, M G
2010-01-01
Watson-like integrals for a d-dimensional bcc antiferromagnetic lattice I_d(\\eta) and J_d(\\eta) and another two similar integrals are evaluated in an exact way in terms of generalized hypergeometric functions. A simple formula connecting Id and Jd+1 is given along with the differential equations for I_d(\\eta) and J_d(\\eta). An application of I_d and J_d in the theory of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet is discussed, together with possible generalizations to non-integer values of d. Corresponding integrals for sc lattices are also briefly reviewed.
Neutron scattering studies of a frustrated spinel antiferromagnet in zero and high magnetic field
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Matsuda, M [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)
2006-11-15
A review is given of the neutron scattering studies on a frustrated spinel antiferromagnet CdCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}. As observed in ZnCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}, which has been most extensively studied in the Cr-based spinel oxides, CdCr{sub 2}O{sub 4} also shows an antiferromagnetic phase transition and a structural phase transition simultaneously, indicating a strong spin-lattice coupling. The magnetic structure of CdCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}was determined by neutron scattering studies. The neutron scattering study in magnetic field up to 10 T indicates an orientation of magnetic domains.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. von Reppert
2016-09-01
Full Text Available We present a temperature and fluence dependent Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction study of a laser-heated antiferromagnetic dysprosium thin film. The loss of antiferromagnetic order is evidenced by a pronounced lattice contraction. We devise a method to determine the energy flow between the phonon and spin system from calibrated Bragg peak positions in thermal equilibrium. Reestablishing the magnetic order is much slower than the cooling of the lattice, especially around the Néel temperature. Despite the pronounced magnetostriction, the transfer of energy from the spin system to the phonons in Dy is slow after the spin-order is lost.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zhang, N.G.; Henley, C.L.; Rischel, C.;
2002-01-01
We study the low-lying eigenenergy clustering patterns of quantum antiferromagnets with p sublattices (in particular p = 4). We treat each sublattice as a large spin, and using second-order degenerate perturbation theory, we derive the effective (biquadratic) Hamiltonian coupling the p large spins....... In order to compare with exact diagonalizations, the Hamiltonian is explicitly written for a finite-size lattice, and it contains information on energies of excited states as well as the ground state. The result is applied to the face-centered-cubic Type-I antiferromagnet of spin 1/2, including second...
Bond-Dilution Effects on Two-Dimensional Spin-Gapped Heisenberg Antiferromagnets
Yasuda, Chitoshi; Todo, Synge; Matsumoto, Munehisa; Takayama, Hajime
2001-01-01
Bond-dilution effects on spin-1/2 spin-gapped Heisenberg antiferromagnets of coupled alternating chains on a square lattice are investigated by means of the quantum Monte Carlo method. It is found that, in contrast with the site-diluted system having an infinitesimal critical concentration, the bond-diluted system has a finite critical concentration of diluted bonds, $x_{c}$, above which the system is in an antiferromagnetic (AF) long-range ordered phase. In the disordered phase below $x_{c}$...
Spin-orbit torque in two-dimensional antiferromagnetic topological insulators
Ghosh, S.
2017-01-24
We investigate spin transport in two-dimensional ferromagnetic (FTI) and antiferromagnetic (AFTI) topological insulators. In the presence of an in-plane magnetization AFTI supports zero energy modes, which enables topologically protected edge conduction at low energy. We address the nature of current-driven spin torque in these structures and study the impact of spin-independent disorder. Interestingly, upon strong disorder the spin torque develops an antidamping component (i.e., even upon magnetization reversal) along the edges, which could enable current-driven manipulation of the antiferromagnetic order parameter. This antidamping torque decreases when increasing the system size and when the system enters the trivial insulator regime.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, K. F.; Yang, Fang; Song, Y. R. [Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Zhang, Xiaole [Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); The State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Chen, Xianfeng [The State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Liu, Canhua; Qian, Dong; Gao, C. L., E-mail: clgao@sjtu.edu.cn; Jia, Jin-Feng [Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing (China); Luo, Weidong, E-mail: wdluo@sjtu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing (China)
2016-02-08
Antiferromagnetic semiconductors gain increasing interest due to their possible application in spintronics. Using spin polarized scanning tunneling microscopy operating in a vector field, we mapped the noncollinear antiferromagnetic spin structure of a semiconducting hexagonal FeSe surface on the atomic scale. The surface possesses an in-plane compensated Néel structure which is further confirmed by first-principles calculations.
Del Maestro, Adrian; Gingras, Michel J. P.
2007-08-01
The Gd2Sn2O7 pyrochlore Heisenberg antiferromagnet displays a phase transition to a four sublattice Néel ordered state at a critical temperature Tc˜1K . The low-temperature state found via neutron scattering corresponds to that predicted by a classical model that considers nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic exchange and long-range dipolar interactions. Despite the seemingly conventional nature of the ordered state, the specific heat Cv has been found to be described in the temperature range 350mK⩽T⩽800mK by an anomalous power law Cv˜T2 . A similar temperature dependence of Cv has also been reported for Gd2Ti2O7 , another pyrochlore Heisenberg material. Such behavior is to be contrasted with the typical T3 behavior expected for a three-dimensional antiferromagnet with conventional long-range order which is then generally accompanied by an exp(-Δ/T) behavior at lower temperature where anisotropy effects induce a gap Δ to collective spin excitations. Such anomalous T2 behavior in Cv has been argued to be correlated to an unusual energy dependence of the density of states which also seemingly manifests itself in low-temperature spin fluctuations found in muon spin relaxation experiments. In this paper, we report calculations of Cv that consider spin-wave-like excitations out of the Néel order observed in Gd2Sn2O7 via neutron scattering. We argue that the parametric Cv∝T2 does not reflect the true low-energy excitations of Gd2Sn2O7 . Rather, we find that the low-energy excitations of this material are antiferromagnetic magnons gapped by single-ion and dipolar anisotropy effects, and that the lowest temperature of 350mK considered in previous specific heat measurements accidentally happens to coincide with a crossover temperature below which magnons become thermally activated and Cv takes an exponential form. We argue that further specific heat measurements that extend down to at least 100mK are required in order to ascribe an unconventional description of
Dielectric dispersion and antiferromagnetism in BiTb{sub x}Fe{sub 1−x}O{sub 3} (x=1.0, 0.75)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saha, Sujoy, E-mail: sahasujoy3@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India); Chanda, Sadhan [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India); Dutta, Alo [Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Material Sciences, S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Block JD, Sector III, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700098 (India); Das, Dipankar [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Kolkata Centre, III/LB–8, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700098 (India); Sinha, T.P. [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India)
2016-01-15
Bismuth terbium oxide, BiTbO{sub 3} (BT) and bismuth terbium iron oxide, BiTb{sub 0.75}Fe{sub 0.25}O{sub 3} (BTF) are synthesized by the solid-state reaction technique. Rietveld refinement of the room temperature powder X-ray diffraction pattern of both BT and BTF confirms cubic phase with lattice parameter a=5.4451 (2) and 5.4896 (3) Å respectively. Raman spectroscopy studies have been made to investigate vibrational properties for both the samples. The dielectric relaxation behavior of the samples is investigated by alternating current impedance spectroscopy (ACIS) in the frequency range from 42 Hz to 1.10 MHz and in the temperature range from 303 to 673 K. The complex impedance plane plots and ac conductivity spectra reveal the presence of grain, grain-boundary and electrode effect in BT. Both BT and BTF are antiferromagnetic in nature with Néel temperature of 33.8 and 51.9 K respectively. - Highlights: • BT and BTF are synthesized by the solid-state reaction technique. • Raman spectra of the samples show five vibrational modes for bith the samples. • Cole–Cole model is used to explain the dielectric relaxation in the material. • Both the materials show antiferromagnetism.
Room Temperature Antiferromagnetic Ordering of Nanocrystalline Tb1.90Ni0.10O3
Mandal, J.; Dalal, M.; Sarkar, B. J.; Chakrabarti, P. K.
2017-02-01
Nanocrystalline Ni-doped terbium oxide (Tb1.90Ni0.10O3) has been synthesized by the co-precipitation method followed by annealing at 700°C for 6 h in vacuum. The crystallographic phase and the substitution of Ni2+ ions in the lattice of Tb2O3 are confirmed by Rietveld analysis of the x-ray diffraction pattern using the software MAUD. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy is also carried out to study the morphology of the sample. Magnetic measurements are carried out at different temperatures from 5 K to 300 K using a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer. The dependence of the magnetization of Tb1.90Ni0.10O3 as a function of temperature ( M- T) and magnetic field ( M- H) suggests the presence of both paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phase at room temperature, but antiferromagnetic phase dominates below ˜120 K. The lack of saturation in the M- H curve and good fitting of the M- T curve by the Johnston formula also indicate the presence of both paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phase at room temperature. Interestingly, an antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition is observed below ˜40 K. The result also shows a high value of magnetization at 5 K.
Lorenzana, J.; Eder, R.
1996-01-01
Published in: Phys. Rev. B 55 (1997) 3358-3361 Citing articles (CrossRef) citations recorded in [Science Citation Index] Abstract: We use numerical and analytical results to construct a simple ansatz for the energy dynamical correlation function of the 1D antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model. This is
Antiferromagnetism and its relation to the superconducting phases of UPt_{3}
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Isaacs, E.D.; Zschack, P.; Broholm, C.L.
1995-01-01
as the magnetic correlation lengths are not affected by the presence or absence of a visible splitting in the superconducting transition. The simplest models wherein antiferromagnetic order provides the symmetry-breaking field for the splitting do not provide a compete explanation of our results....
Borovský, Michal; Weigel, Martin; Barash, Lev Yu.; Žukovič, Milan
2016-02-01
The population annealing algorithm is a novel approach to study systems with rough free-energy landscapes, such as spin glasses. It combines the power of simulated annealing, Boltzmann weighted differential reproduction and sequential Monte Carlo process to bring the population of replicas to the equilibrium even in the low-temperature region. Moreover, it provides a very good estimate of the free energy. The fact that population annealing algorithm is performed over a large number of replicas with many spin updates, makes it a good candidate for massive parallelism. We chose the GPU programming using a CUDA implementation to create a highly optimized simulation. It has been previously shown for the frustrated Ising antiferromagnet on the stacked triangular lattice with a ferromagnetic interlayer coupling, that standard Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulations fail to equilibrate at low temperatures due to the effect of kinetic freezing of the ferromagnetically ordered chains. We applied the population annealing to study the case with the isotropic intra- and interlayer antiferromagnetic coupling (J2/|J1| = -1). The reached ground states correspond to non-magnetic degenerate states, where chains are antiferromagnetically ordered, but there is no long-range ordering between them, which is analogical with Wannier phase of the 2D triangular Ising antiferromagnet.
The magnetic properties of the spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain with single-ion anisotropy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hu, Gangsan; Zhu, Rengui, E-mail: rgzhu@mail.ahnu.edu.cn
2015-02-15
The magnetic properties of the spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain with exchange anisotropy and single-ion anisotropy are studied by the double-time Green's function method. The determinative equations for the critical temperature, the magnetization, and the zero-field susceptibility are derived analytically. The effects of the anisotropies on the magnetic properties are presented.
Zero-field NMR and NQR measurements of the antiferromagnet URhIn5
Sakai, H.; Kambe, S.; Tokunaga, Y.; Matsumoto, Y.; Tateiwa, N.; Haga, Y.; Fisk, Z.
2013-07-01
The antiferromagnet URhIn5 with the Néel temperature TN=98 K has been investigated by nuclear magnetic/quadrupole resonance (NMR/NQR). 115In-NQR spectra in the paramagnetic state give the respective electrical field gradient parameters for the locally tetragonal and orthorhombic In(1) and In(2) sites. In the antiferromagnetic state at 4.5 K, 115In-NMR spectra in the zero external field indicate a commensurate antiferromagnetic structure. The internal field at In(1) sites is found to be zero and that at In(2) sites is 21.1 kOe at 4.5 K. The temperature (T) dependence of the nuclear relaxation rates 1/T1 in the paramagnetic state shows a distinct site dependence: Korringa-type constant (T1T)-1 behavior below ˜150 K for In(1) sites and a divergent behavior of 1/T1 toward TN for In(2). The plausible antiferromagnetic structure is discussed based on these observations.
Pradhan, B.; Goi, S. K.; Behera, Srikanta; Parida, P. K.; Mishra, R. N.
2016-12-01
We have proposed a theoretical model for the coexistence of superconductivity (SC), antiferromagnetism (AFM) and Jahn-Teller (JT) effect in the mean field approximation for iron based superconductors. The model is solved by using Zubarev's double-time Green's function technique to get their selfconsistent gap equations. Then these gap equations are solved numerically.
Železný, J.; Gao, H.; Manchon, Aurélien; Freimuth, Frank; Mokrousov, Yuriy; Zemen, J.; Mašek, J.; Sinova, Jairo; Jungwirth, T.
2017-01-01
One of the main obstacles that prevents practical applications of antiferromagnets is the difficulty of manipulating the magnetic order parameter. Recently, following the theoretical prediction [J. Železný et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 157201 (2014)], 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.157201, the electrical switching of magnetic moments in an antiferromagnet was demonstrated [P. Wadley et al., Science 351, 587 (2016)], 10.1126/science.aab1031. The switching is due to the so-called spin-orbit torque, which has been extensively studied in ferromagnets. In this phenomena a nonequilibrium spin-polarization exchange coupled to the ordered local moments is induced by current, hence exerting a torque on the order parameter. Here we give a general systematic analysis of the symmetry of the spin-orbit torque in locally and globally noncentrosymmetric crystals. We study when the symmetry allows for a nonzero torque, when is the torque effective, and its dependence on the applied current direction and orientation of magnetic moments. For comparison, we consider both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic orders. In two representative model crystals we perform microscopic calculations of the spin-orbit torque to illustrate its symmetry properties and to highlight conditions under which the spin-orbit torque can be efficient for manipulating antiferromagnetic moments.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Borovský Michal
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The population annealing algorithm is a novel approach to study systems with rough free-energy landscapes, such as spin glasses. It combines the power of simulated annealing, Boltzmann weighted differential reproduction and sequential Monte Carlo process to bring the population of replicas to the equilibrium even in the low-temperature region. Moreover, it provides a very good estimate of the free energy. The fact that population annealing algorithm is performed over a large number of replicas with many spin updates, makes it a good candidate for massive parallelism. We chose the GPU programming using a CUDA implementation to create a highly optimized simulation. It has been previously shown for the frustrated Ising antiferromagnet on the stacked triangular lattice with a ferromagnetic interlayer coupling, that standard Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulations fail to equilibrate at low temperatures due to the effect of kinetic freezing of the ferromagnetically ordered chains. We applied the population annealing to study the case with the isotropic intra- and interlayer antiferromagnetic coupling (J2/|J1| = −1. The reached ground states correspond to non-magnetic degenerate states, where chains are antiferromagnetically ordered, but there is no long-range ordering between them, which is analogical with Wannier phase of the 2D triangular Ising antiferromagnet.
Grancha, Thais; Ferrando-Soria, Jesús; Cano, Joan; Lloret, Francesc; Julve, Miguel; De Munno, Giovanni; Armentano, Donatella; Pardo, Emilio
2013-07-01
The Cu(2+)-mediated self-assembly of oxamato-based ligands derived from either the (S)- or (R)-enantiomers of the amino acid valine leads to the formation of two antiferromagnetically coupled homochiral anionic hexacopper(II) wheels in the presence of templating tetramethylammonium countercations.
Lorenzana, J.; Sawatzky, G.A
1995-01-01
We calculate the effective charge for multimagnon infrared absorption assisted by phonons in a perovskitelike antiferromagnet and we compute the spectra for two-magnon absorption using interacting spin-wave theory. The full set of equations for the interacting two-magnon problem is presented in the
STUDIES OF FCC HEISENBERG ANTIFERROMAGNETS BY MONTE CARLO SIMULATION ON LARGE SPIN ARRAYS
Minor, W.; Giebultowicz, T.
1988-01-01
We report Monte Carlo studies of fcc Heisenberg antiferromagnets carried out on arrays with 108,000 spins. A lattice with only JNN ≠ 0 was found to exhibit a Type I AF order despite the disordered nature of its ground state. Contrary to previous reports, our data indicate in this case a first order phase transition.
Neutron-scattering cross section of the S=1/2 Heisenberg triangular antiferromagnet
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lefmann, K.; Hedegård, P.
1994-01-01
In this paper we use a Schwinger-boson mean-field approach to calculate the neutron-scattering cross section from the S = 1/2 antiferromagnet with nearest-neighbor isotropic Heisenberg interaction on a two-dimensional triangular lattice. We investigate two solutions for T = 0: (i) a state with long...
Barlowite: A Spin-1/2 Antiferromagnet with a Geometrically Perfect Kagome Motif.
Han, Tian-Heng; Singleton, John; Schlueter, John A
2014-11-28
We present thermodynamic studies of a new spin-1/2 antiferromagnet containing undistorted kagome lattices-barlowite Cu_{4}(OH)_{6}FBr. Magnetic susceptibility gives θ_{CW}=-136 K, while long-range order does not happen until T_{N}=15 K with a weak ferromagnetic moment μkagome lattice makes charge doping promising.
The Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition and correlations in the XY kagome antiferromagnet
Cherepanov, V B; Podivilov, E V
2001-01-01
The problem of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in the highly frustrated XY antiferromagnetic is solved. The transition temperature is found. It is shown that the spin correlation function exponentially decays with distance even in the low-temperature phase, in contrast to the order parameter correlation function, which decays algebraically with distance
Numerical study of the spin-flop transition in anisotropic spin-1/2 antiferromagnets
Yunoki, S
2002-01-01
Magnetization processes of the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic XXZ model in two and three spatial dimensions are studied using a quantum Monte Carlo method based on stochastic series expansions. A recently developed operator-loop algorithm enables us to show clear evidence of a first-order phase transiti
Superconductivity in the vicinity of antiferromagnetic order in CrAs.
Wu, Wei; Cheng, Jinguang; Matsubayashi, Kazuyuki; Kong, Panpan; Lin, Fukun; Jin, Changqing; Wang, Nanlin; Uwatoko, Yoshiya; Luo, Jianlin
2014-11-19
One of the common features of unconventional superconducting systems such as the heavy-fermion, high transition-temperature cuprate and iron-pnictide superconductors is that the superconductivity emerges in the vicinity of long-range antiferromagnetically ordered state. In addition to doping charge carriers, the application of external pressure is an effective and clean approach to induce unconventional superconductivity near a magnetic quantum critical point. Here we report on the discovery of superconductivity on the verge of antiferromagnetic order in CrAs via the application of external pressure. Bulk superconductivity with Tc≈2 K emerges at the critical pressure Pc≈8 kbar, where the first-order antiferromagnetic transition at T(N)≈265 K under ambient pressure is completely suppressed. The close proximity of superconductivity to an antiferromagnetic order suggests an unconventional pairing mechanism for CrAs. The present finding opens a new avenue for searching novel superconductors in the Cr and other transition metal-based systems.
Model of hybrid interfacial domain wall in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayers
Zhang, Wen; Zhai, Ya; Lu, Mu; You, Biao; Zhai, Hong-Ru; Caroline, G. Morgan
2015-04-01
A general model of a hybrid interfacial domain wall (HIDW) in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic exchange biased bilayers is proposed, where an interfacial domain wall is allowed to extend into either the ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic layer or across both. The proposition is based on our theoretical investigation on thickness and field dependences of ferromagnetic domain wall (FMDW) and antiferromagnetic domain wall (AFDW), respectively. Good match of the simulation to the hysteresis loops of a series of NiFe/FeMn exchange-biased bilayers confirms the existence of the HIDW, where the AFDW part is found to preferentially occupy the entire antiferromagnetic layer while the FMDW shrinks with the increased magnetic field as expected. The observed asymmetry between the ascending and descending branches of the hysteresis loop is explained naturally as a consequence of different partition ratios between AFDW and FMDW. Project supported by the National Basic Research Program, China (Grant No. 2010CB923404), the National Natural Science Foundation for Young Scientists of China (Grant No. 61306121), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2013M541580).
Železný, J.
2017-01-10
One of the main obstacles that prevents practical applications of antiferromagnets is the difficulty of manipulating the magnetic order parameter. Recently, following the theoretical prediction [J. Železný, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 157201 (2014)]PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.113.157201, the electrical switching of magnetic moments in an antiferromagnet was demonstrated [P. Wadley, Science 351, 587 (2016)]SCIEAS0036-807510.1126/science.aab1031. The switching is due to the so-called spin-orbit torque, which has been extensively studied in ferromagnets. In this phenomena a nonequilibrium spin-polarization exchange coupled to the ordered local moments is induced by current, hence exerting a torque on the order parameter. Here we give a general systematic analysis of the symmetry of the spin-orbit torque in locally and globally noncentrosymmetric crystals. We study when the symmetry allows for a nonzero torque, when is the torque effective, and its dependence on the applied current direction and orientation of magnetic moments. For comparison, we consider both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic orders. In two representative model crystals we perform microscopic calculations of the spin-orbit torque to illustrate its symmetry properties and to highlight conditions under which the spin-orbit torque can be efficient for manipulating antiferromagnetic moments.
Pressure-tuned quantum criticality in the antiferromagnetic Kondo semimetal CeNi2-δAs2.
Luo, Yongkang; Ronning, F; Wakeham, N; Lu, Xin; Park, Tuson; Xu, Z-A; Thompson, J D
2015-11-03
The easily tuned balance among competing interactions in Kondo-lattice metals allows access to a zero-temperature, continuous transition between magnetically ordered and disordered phases, a quantum-critical point (QCP). Indeed, these highly correlated electron materials are prototypes for discovering and exploring quantum-critical states. Theoretical models proposed to account for the strange thermodynamic and electrical transport properties that emerge around the QCP of a Kondo lattice assume the presence of an indefinitely large number of itinerant charge carriers. Here, we report a systematic transport and thermodynamic investigation of the Kondo-lattice system CeNi2-δAs2 (δ ≈ 0.28) as its antiferromagnetic order is tuned by pressure and magnetic field to zero-temperature boundaries. These experiments show that the very small but finite carrier density of ~0.032 E-/formular unit in CeNi2-δAs2 leads to unexpected transport signatures of quantum criticality and the delayed development of a fully coherent Kondo-lattice state with decreasing temperature. The small carrier density and associated semimetallicity of this Kondo-lattice material favor an unconventional, local-moment type of quantum criticality and raises the specter of the Nozières exhaustion idea that an insufficient number of conduction-electron spins to separately screen local moments requires collective Kondo screening.
Pressure-tuned quantum criticality in the antiferromagnetic Kondo semimetal CeNi2−δAs2
Luo, Yongkang; Ronning, F.; Wakeham, N.; Lu, Xin; Park, Tuson; Xu, Z.-A.; Thompson, J. D.
2015-01-01
The easily tuned balance among competing interactions in Kondo-lattice metals allows access to a zero-temperature, continuous transition between magnetically ordered and disordered phases, a quantum-critical point (QCP). Indeed, these highly correlated electron materials are prototypes for discovering and exploring quantum-critical states. Theoretical models proposed to account for the strange thermodynamic and electrical transport properties that emerge around the QCP of a Kondo lattice assume the presence of an indefinitely large number of itinerant charge carriers. Here, we report a systematic transport and thermodynamic investigation of the Kondo-lattice system CeNi2−δAs2 (δ ≈ 0.28) as its antiferromagnetic order is tuned by pressure and magnetic field to zero-temperature boundaries. These experiments show that the very small but finite carrier density of ∼0.032 e−/formular unit in CeNi2−δAs2 leads to unexpected transport signatures of quantum criticality and the delayed development of a fully coherent Kondo-lattice state with decreasing temperature. The small carrier density and associated semimetallicity of this Kondo-lattice material favor an unconventional, local-moment type of quantum criticality and raises the specter of the Nozières exhaustion idea that an insufficient number of conduction-electron spins to separately screen local moments requires collective Kondo screening. PMID:26483465
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Snoek, M; Titvinidze, I; Toeke, C; Hofstetter, W [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet, 60438 Frankfurt/Main (Germany); Byczuk, K [Theoretical Physics III, Center for Electronic Correlations and Magnetism, Institute for Physics, University of Augsburg, 86135 Augsburg (Germany)], E-mail: snoek@itp.uni-frankfurt.de
2008-09-15
We apply dynamical mean-field theory to strongly interacting fermions in an inhomogeneous environment. With the help of this real-space dynamical mean-field theory (R-DMFT) we investigate antiferromagnetic states of repulsively interacting fermions with spin1/2 in a harmonic potential. Within R-DMFT, antiferromagnetic order is found to be stable in spatial regions with total particle density close to one, but persists also in parts of the system where the local density significantly deviates from half filling. In systems with spin imbalance, we find that antiferromagnetism is gradually suppressed and phase separation emerges beyond a critical value of the spin imbalance.
Li, Jun; Liu, Bang-Gui
2015-06-01
It has been proposed that antiferromagnetic Fe adatom spins on semiconductor Cu-N surfaces can be used to store information (Loth et al 2012 Science 335 196). Here, we investigate spin dynamics of such antiferromagnetic systems through Monte Carlo simulations. We find out the temperature and size laws of switching rates of Néel states and show that the Néel states can become stable enough for the information storage when the number of spins reaches one or two dozens of the Fe spins. We also explore promising methods for manipulating the Néel states. These could help realize information storage with such antiferromagnetic spin systems.
Watanabe, Tadataka; Hara, Shigeo; Ikeda, Shin-Ichi; Tomiyasu, Keisuke
2011-07-01
Ultrasound velocity measurements of the orbitally frustrated spinel GeCo2O4 reveal unique elastic anomalies within the antiferromagnetic phase. Temperature dependence of shear moduli exhibits a minimum within the antiferromagnetic phase, suggesting the coupling of shear acoustic phonons to molecular spin-orbit excitations. Magnetic-field dependence of elastic moduli exhibits diplike anomalies, being interpreted as magnetic-field-induced metamagnetic and structural transitions. These elastic anomalies suggest that the survival of geometrical frustration, and the interplay of spin, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom evoke a set of phenomena in the antiferromagnetic phase.
Fractional excitations in the square-lattice quantum antiferromagnet
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Piazza, B. Dalla; Mourigal, M.; Christensen, Niels Bech
2015-01-01
Quantum magnets have occupied the fertile ground between many-body theory and low-temperature experiments on real materials since the early days of quantum mechanics. However, our understanding of even deceptively simple systems of interacting spin-1/2 particles is far from complete. The quantum ...
Foley, Andrew; Corbett, Joseph; Richard, Andrea L.; Alam, Khan; Ingram, David C.; Smith, Arthur R.
2016-07-01
Single phase ε-Mn4N and ζ-Mn10N thin films are grown on MgO(001) using molecular beam epitaxy. The films are identified and characterized using reflection high-energy electron diffraction, x-ray diffraction, back scattered electron scanning electron microscopy, atomic/magnetic force microscopy and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. These films are found to be highly smooth with root-mean-squared roughnesses 3.39 nm and below. The quality of ε-Mn4N grown is strongly dependent on substrate temperature during growth. Epitaxial growth of substantial grains composed of the antiferromagnetic η-phase Mn3N2 side by side with ferrimagnetic ε-phase grains is observed when growth temperature is below 480 °C. Ising domains isolated within areas roughly 0.5 μm across are observed in the ferrimagnetic ε-phase grains of samples consisting of a mix of η- and ε-phase grains. Magnetic domains following semi-continuous paths, which are 0.7-7.2 μm across, are observed in single phase ε-Mn4N. Measurements of the ζ-phase detail the structure and magnetism of the material as high Mn content γ-type ζ-phase with a regular surface corrugation along the [100]-direction and antiferromagnetic.
Sanjeewa, Liurukara D; McGuire, Michael A; McMillen, Colin D; Cao, Huibo; Kolis, Joseph W
2016-01-01
The descloizite-type compound, SrMn(VO4)(OH), was synthesized as large single crystals using a high-temperature high-pressure hydrothermal technique. X-ray single crystal structure analysis reveals that the material crystallizes in the acentric orthorhombic space group of P212121. The structure exhibits a one-dimensional feature, with MnO4 chains propagating along the a-axis which are interconnected by VO4 tetrahedra. Raman and infrared spectra were obtained to identify the fundamental vanadate and hydroxide vibrational modes. Magnetization data reveal a broad maximum at approximately 80 K, arising from one-dimensional magnetic correlations with intrachain exchange constant of J/kB = 9.97(3) K between nearest Mn neighbors and a canted antiferromagnetic behavior below TN = 30 K. Single crystal neutron diffraction at 4 K yielded a magnetic structure solution in the lower symmetry of the magnetic space group P21 with two unique chains displaying antiferromagnetically ordered Mn moments oriented nearly perpendicu...
Blanco, M Cecilia; Paz, Sergio Alexis; Nassif, Vivian M; Guimpel, Julio J; Carbonio, Raúl E
2015-06-21
The BaLaCuSbO(6) double perovskite has been successfully synthesized by solid state reaction under an air atmosphere. Its structure was refined using powder neutron diffraction in the monoclinic space group I2/m with a 4% antisite disorder on the B cations. Magnetic measurements give signs of 2D-antiferromagnetic behaviour with TN around 64 K. The Jahn-Teller distortion produced by Cu(2+) ions favours a crystallographic tetragonal distortion and consequently the in-plane super-superexchange antiferromagnetic interactions, J(90°), are favoured over the in-plane J(180°) antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. Both, J and J' magnetic interactions have been evaluated according to a Heisenberg antiferromagnetic rectangular model using an approximation to Curie's law in powers of J/T, being |J| around 10 times stronger than |J'|.
Rufo, Sabrina; Mendonça, Griffith; Plascak, J A; de Sousa, J Ricardo
2013-09-01
The ground-state properties of the quasi-one-dimensional spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model is investigated by using a variational method. Spins on chains along the x direction are antiferromagnetically coupled with exchange J>0, while spins between chains in the y direction are coupled either ferromagnetically (J' 0). The staggered and the colinear antiferromagnetic magnetizations are computed and their dependence on the anisotropy parameter λ=|J'|/J is analyzed. It is found that an infinitesimal interchain coupling parameter is sufficient to stabilize a long-range order with either a staggered magnetization m_{s} (J' > 0) or a colinear antiferromagnetic magnetization m_{caf} (J' < 0), both behaving as ≃λ¹/² for λ → 0.
Hida, Kazuo
1992-03-01
The quantum disordered state (QDOS) of the spin 1/2 double layer square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet is studied. Using the dimer expansion from the limit of the large interlayer coupling J', the staggered susceptibility χ, the antiferromagnetic structure factor Sπ and the antiferromagnetic correlation length ξ are calculated up to the 6-th order in the intralayer coupling J. The ratio analysis shows that the QDOS becomes unstable against the Néel ordering at J'/J≃2.56. The critical exponents are not inconsistent with the universality class of the 3-dimensional classical Heisenberg model, suggesting that our QDOS corresponds to that expected in the 2-dimensional square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet with unphysically small spin (<0.276). The results of the projector Monte Carlo simulation also confirms the dimer expansion results.
Ovchinnikov, A. V.; Chefonov, O. V.; Agranat, M. B.; Grishunin, K. A.; Il'in, N. A.; Pisarev, R. V.; Kimel, A. V.; Kalashnikova, A. M.
2016-10-01
Optical second harmonic generation at the photon energy of 2ℏω = 2eV in the model centrosymmetric antiferromagnet NiO irradiated with picosecond terahertz pulses (0.4-2.5 THz) at room temperature is detected. The analysis of experimental results shows that induced optical second harmonic generation at the moment of the impact of a terahertz pulse arises through the electric dipole mechanism of the interaction of the electric field of a pump pulse with the electron subsystem of NiO. Temporal changes in optical second harmonic generation during 7 ps after the action of the pulse are also of an electric dipole origin and are determined by the effects of propagation of the terahertz pulse in a NiO platelet. Coherent oscillations of spins at the antiferromagnetic resonance frequency induced by the magnetic component of the terahertz pulse induce a relatively weak modulation of magnetic dipole optical second harmonic generation.
Electric Control of Dirac Quasiparticles by Spin-Orbit Torque in an Antiferromagnet
Šmejkal, L.; Železný, J.; Sinova, J.; Jungwirth, T.
2017-03-01
Spin orbitronics and Dirac quasiparticles are two fields of condensed matter physics initiated independently about a decade ago. Here we predict that Dirac quasiparticles can be controlled by the spin-orbit torque reorientation of the Néel vector in an antiferromagnet. Using CuMnAs as an example, we formulate symmetry criteria allowing for the coexistence of topological Dirac quasiparticles and Néel spin-orbit torques. We identify the nonsymmorphic crystal symmetry protection of Dirac band crossings whose on and off switching is mediated by the Néel vector reorientation. We predict that this concept verified by minimal model and density functional calculations in the CuMnAs semimetal antiferromagnet can lead to a topological metal-insulator transition driven by the Néel vector and to the topological anisotropic magnetoresistance.
DMRG studies of the frustrated kagome antiferromagnets and the application to volborthite
Gong, Shou-Shu; Sheng, D. N.; Yang, Kun
Motivated by the recent magnetization measurements on the high-quality single crystals of the kagome antiferromagnet volborthite, we study the ground state and magnetization properties of two kagome models proposed from the electronic structure simulations, which treat the volborthite as either the coupled trimers or the coupled frustrated chains on the kagome lattice. We study the models using density-matrix renormalization group on the cylinder geometry with the system width up to 4 legs. We find a quantum phase diagram of the models with changing couplings, and identify the magnetic properties of each phase. In the antiferromagnetic phases, we also study the magnetization curve and the different phases in the magnetic field. Finally, we compare the magetization properties of the models with the experimental observations of volborthite. NSF DMR-1157490, DMR-1408560, and the State of Florida.
Magnetostriction and Magnetostructural Domains in Antiferromagnetic YBa2Cu3O6.
Náfrádi, B; Keller, T; Hardy, F; Meingast, C; Erb, A; Keimer, B
2016-01-29
We use high-resolution neutron Larmor diffraction and capacitative dilatometry to investigate spontaneous and forced magnetostriction in undoped, antiferromagnetic YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{6.0}, the parent compound of a prominent family of high-temperature superconductors. Upon cooling below the Néel temperature T_{N}=420 K, Larmor diffraction reveals the formation of magnetostructural domains of characteristic size ∼240 nm. In the antiferromagnetic state, dilatometry reveals a minute (4×10^{-6}) orthorhombic distortion of the crystal lattice in external magnetic fields. We attribute these observations to exchange striction and spin-orbit coupling induced magnetostriction, respectively, and show that they have an important influence on the thermal and charge transport properties of undoped and lightly doped cuprates.
Zhou, X.; Ma, L.; Shi, Z.; Fan, W. J.; Evans, R. F. L.; Zheng, Jian-Guo; Chantrell, R. W.; Mangin, S.; Zhang, H. W.; Zhou, S. M.
2015-03-01
In this work, disordered-IrMn3/insulating-Y3Fe5O12 exchange-biased bilayers are studied. The behavior of the net magnetic moment ΔmAFM in the antiferromagnet is directly probed by anomalous and planar Hall effects, and anisotropic magnetoresistance. The ΔmAFM is proved to come from the interfacial uncompensated magnetic moment. We demonstrate that the exchange bias and rotational hysteresis loss are induced by partial rotation and irreversible switching of the ΔmAFM. In the athermal training effect, the state of the ΔmAFM cannot be recovered after one cycle of hysteresis loop. This work highlights the fundamental role of the ΔmAFM in the exchange bias and facilitates the manipulation of antiferromagnetic spintronic devices.
Itinerant antiferromagnetism in the Mott compound V1.973O3
Bao, Wei; Broholm, C.; Honig, J. M.; Metcalf, P.; Trevino, S. F.
1996-08-01
The doping-induced metallic state of the Mott system V2-yO3 has spin-density-wave order for T
Evidence for a gapped spin-liquid ground state in a kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet.
Fu, Mingxuan; Imai, Takashi; Han, Tian-Heng; Lee, Young S
2015-11-06
The kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is a leading candidate in the search for a spin system with a quantum spin-liquid ground state. The nature of its ground state remains a matter of active debate. We conducted oxygen-17 single-crystal nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of the spin-1/2 kagome lattice in herbertsmithite [ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2], which is known to exhibit a spinon continuum in the spin excitation spectrum. We demonstrated that the intrinsic local spin susceptibility χ(kagome), deduced from the oxygen-17 NMR frequency shift, asymptotes to zero below temperatures of 0.03J, where J ~ 200 kelvin is the copper-copper superexchange interaction. Combined with the magnetic field dependence of χ(kagome) that we observed at low temperatures, these results imply that the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state with a finite gap.
The anti-ferromagnetic Ising model on the simplest pure Husimi lattice: An exact solution
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jurčišinová, E., E-mail: jurcisine@saske.sk [Institute of Experimental Physics, SAS, Watsonova 47, 040 01 Košice (Slovakia); Jurčišin, M., E-mail: jurcisin@saske.sk [Institute of Experimental Physics, SAS, Watsonova 47, 040 01 Košice (Slovakia); Bobák, A., E-mail: andrej.bobak@upjs.sk [Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Faculty of Science, P.J. Šafárik University, Park Angelinum 9, 040 01 Košice (Slovakia)
2013-11-22
The anti-ferromagnetic spin-1/2 Ising model on the pure Husimi lattice with three sites in the elementary polygon (p=3) and the coordination number z=4 is investigated. It represents the simplest approximation of the anti-ferromagnetic Ising model on the two-dimensional kagome lattice which takes into account effects of frustration. The exact analytical solution of the model is found and discussed. It is proven that the model does not exhibit the first order as well as the second order phase transitions. A detailed analysis of the magnetization properties is performed and the existence of the magnetization plateaus for low temperatures is shown. All possible ground states of the model are found and discussed.
Current driven spin–orbit torque oscillator: ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic coupling
Johansen, Øyvind; Linder, Jacob
2016-01-01
We consider theoretically the impact of Rashba spin–orbit coupling on spin torque oscillators (STOs) in synthetic ferromagnets and antiferromagnets that have either a bulk multilayer or a thin film structure. The synthetic magnets consist of a fixed polarizing layer and two free magnetic layers that interact through the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction. We determine analytically which collinear states along the easy axis that are stable, and establish numerically the phase diagram for when the system is in the STO mode and when collinear configurations are stable, respectively. It is found that the Rashba spin–orbit coupling can induce anti-damping in the vicinity of the collinear states, which assists the spin transfer torque in generating self-sustained oscillations, and that it can substantially increase the STO part of the phase diagram. Moreover, we find that the STO phase can extend deep into the antiferromagnetic regime in the presence of spin–orbit torques. PMID:27653357
Dynamic zero modes of Dirac fermions and competing singlet phases of antiferromagnetic order
Goswami, Pallab
2016-01-01
In quantum spin systems, singlet phases often develop in the vicinity of an antiferromagnetic order. Typical settings for such problems arise when itinerant fermions are also present. In this work, we develop a theoretical framework for addressing such competing orders in an itinerant system, described by Dirac fermions strongly coupled to an O(3) nonlinear sigma model. We focus on two spatial dimensions, where upon disordering the antiferromagnetic order by quantum fluctuations the singular tunneling events also known as (anti)hedgehogs can nucleate competing singlet orders in the paramagnetic phase. In the presence of an isolated hedgehog configuration of the nonlinear sigma model field, we show that the fermion determinant vanishes as the dynamic Euclidean Dirac operator supports fermion zero modes of definite chirality. This provides a topological mechanism for suppressing the tunneling events. Using the methodology of quantum chromodynamics, we evaluate the fermion determinant in the close proximity of m...
Fragile antiferromagnetism in the heavy-fermion compound YbBiPt
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ueland, Benjamin G. [Ames Laboratory; Kreyssig, Andreas [Ames Laboratory; Prokes, K. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fur Materialien und Energie; Lynn, J. W. [NIST Center for Neutron Research; Harriger, L. W. [NIST Center for Neutron Research; Pratt, D. K. [NIST Center for Neutron Research; Singh, D. K. [NIST Center for Neutron Research; Heitmann, T. W. [University of Missouri; Sauerbrei, Samantha [Ames Laboratory; Saunders, Scott M. [Ames Laboratory; Mun, E. D. [Ames Laboratory; Budko, Serguei L. [Ames Laboratory; McQueeney, Robert J. [Ames Laboratory; Canfield, Paul C. [Ames Laboratory; Goldman, Alan I. [Ames Laboratory
2014-05-08
We report results from neutron scattering experiments on single crystals of YbBiPt that demonstrate antiferromagnetic order characterized by a propagation vector, τAFM = (121212), and ordered moments that align along the [1 1 1] direction of the cubic unit cell. We describe the scattering in terms of a two-Gaussian peak fit, which consists of a narrower component that appears below TN≈0.4 K and corresponds to a magnetic correlation length of ξn≈ 80 Å, and a broad component that persists up to T*≈ 0.7 K and corresponds to antiferromagnetic correlations extending over ξb≈ 20 Å. Our results illustrate the fragile magnetic order present in YbBiPt and provide a path forward for microscopic investigations of the ground states and fluctuations associated with the purported quantum critical point in this heavy-fermion compound.
Spin-1/2 Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Spatially Anisotropic Kagome Lattice
Schnyder, Andreas; Starykh, Oleg; Balents, Leon
2008-03-01
We study the quasi-one-dimensional limit of the Spin-1/2 quantum antiferromagnet on the Kagome lattice, a model Hamiltonian that might be of relevance for the mineral volborthite [1,2]. The lattice is divided into antiferromagnetic spin-chains (exchange J) that are weakly coupled via intermediate ``dangling'' spins (exchange J'). Using bosonization, renormalization group methods, and current algebra techniques we determine the ground state as a function of J'/J. The case of a strictly one-dimensional Kagome strip is also discussed. [1] Z. Hiroi, M. Hanawa, N. Kobayashi, M. Nohara, Hidenori Takagi, Y. Kato, and M. Takigawa, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 70, 3377 (2001). [2] F. Bert, D. Bono, P. Mendels, F. Ladieu, F. Duc, J.-C. Trumbe, and P. Millet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 087203 (2005).
Many-body ab initio study of antiferromagnetic {Cr7M } molecular rings
Chiesa, A.; Carretta, S.; Santini, P.; Amoretti, G.; Pavarini, E.
2016-12-01
Antiferromagnetic molecular rings are widely studied both for fundamental quantum-mechanical issues and for technological applications, particularly in the field of quantum information processing. Here we present a detailed first-principles study of two families—purple and green—of {Cr7M } antiferromagnetic rings, where M is a divalent transition metal ion (M =Ni2 + , Mn2 +, and Zn2 +). We employ a recently developed flexible and efficient scheme to build ab initio system-specific Hubbard models. From such many-body models we systematically derive the low-energy effective spin Hamiltonian for the rings. Our approach allows us to calculate isotropic as well as anisotropic terms of the spin Hamiltonian, without any a priori assumption on its form. For each compound we calculate magnetic exchange couplings, zero-field splitting tensors, and gyromagnetic tensors, finding good agreement with experimental results.
Magnetic structure study of antiferromagnet NpPtGa{sub 5} by neutron diffraction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jonen, S. [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)], E-mail: jonen.shintaro@jaea.go.jp; Metoki, N. [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Yamamoto, E. [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Homma, Y.; Aoki, D. [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Oarai, Ibaraki 311-1313 (Japan); Shiokawa, Y. [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Oarai, Ibaraki 311-1313 (Japan); Onuki, Y. [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)
2008-01-10
The magnetic structure of NpPtGa{sub 5}was investigated by neutron diffraction. NpPtGa{sub 5} exhibits an A-type antiferromagnetic structure with propagation vector q{sup {yields}}=(0,0,1/2) below T{sub N}=26 K. The estimated Np magnetic moment is 0.38(5) {mu}{sub B}, and it is oriented parallel to the <100> direction. This small moment would be consistent with the large {gamma}=123 mJ/(K{sup 2} mol), indicative of the heavy fermion nature. The field-induced anomaly in the magnetic susceptibility is clarified to be a signature for an antiferromagnetic domain change between multi-domains to single-domain states.
Solution of the antiferromagnetic Ising model on a tetrahedron recursive lattice.
Jurčišinová, E; Jurčišin, M
2014-03-01
We consider the antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 Ising model on the recursive tetrahedron lattice on which two elementary tetrahedrons are connected at each site. The model represents the simplest approximation of the antiferromagnetic Ising model on the real three-dimensional tetrahedron lattice which takes into account effects of frustration. An exact analytical solution of the model is found and discussed. It is shown that the model exhibits neither the first-order nor the second-order phase transitions. A detailed analysis of the magnetization of the model in the presence of the external magnetic field is performed and the existence of the magnetization plateaus for low temperatures is shown. All possible ground states of the model are found and discussed. The existence of nontrivial singular ground states is proven and exact explicit expressions for them are found.
The antiferromagnetic cross-coupled spin ladder: Quantum fidelity and tensor networks approach
Chen, Xi-Hao; Cho, Sam Young; Zhou, Huan-Qiang; Batchelor, Murray T.
2016-05-01
We investigate the phase diagram of the cross-coupled Heisenberg spin ladder with antiferromagnetic couplings. For this model, the results for the existence of the columnar dimer phase, which was predicted on the basis of weak coupling field theory renormalization group arguments, have been conflicting. The numerical work on this model has been based on various approaches, including exact diagonalization, series expansions and density-matrix renormalization group calculations. Using the recently-developed tensor network states and groundstate fidelity approach for quantum spin ladders, we find no evidence for the existence of the columnar dimer phase. We also provide an argument based on the symmetry of the Hamiltonian, which suggests that the phase diagram for antiferromagnetic couplings consists of a single line separating the rung-singlet and the Haldane phases.
Surface antiferromagnetism and incipient metal-insulator transition in strained manganite films
Cossu, Fabrizio
2013-06-21
Using first-principles calculations, we show that the (001) surface of the ferromagnet La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 under an epitaxial compressive strain favors antiferromagnetic (AF) order in the surface layers, coexisting with ferromagnetic (FM) bulk order. Surface antiferromagnetism is accompanied by a very marked surface-related spectral pseudogap, signaling an incomplete metal-insulator transition at the surface. The different relaxation and rumpling of the MnO2 and LaO surface planes in the two competing magnetic phases cause distinct work-function changes, which are of potential diagnostic use. The AF phase is recognized as an extreme surface-assisted case of the combination of in-plane AF super-exchange and vertical FM double-exchange couplings that rules magnetism in manganites under in-plane compression.
Hida, Kazuo
2006-07-01
The multiple reentrant quantum phase transitions in the S=1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains with random bond alternation in the magnetic field are investigated by the density matrix renormalization group method combined with interchain mean field approximation. It is assumed that odd numbered bonds are antiferromagnetic with strength J and even numbered bonds can take the values JS and JW (JS > J > JW > 0) randomly with the probabilities p and 1- p, respectively. The pure version ( p=0 and 1) of this model has a spin gap but exhibits a field-induced antiferromagnetism in the presence of interchain coupling if Zeeman energy due to the magnetic field exceeds the spin gap. For 0 < p < 1, antiferromagnetism is induced by randomness at the small field region where the ground state is disordered due to the spin gap in the pure version. At the same time, this model exhibits randomness-induced plateaus at several values of magnetization. The antiferromagnetism is destroyed on the plateaus. As a consequence, we find a series of reentrant quantum phase transitions between transverse antiferromagnetic phases and disordered plateau phases with the increase of magnetic field for a moderate strength of interchain coupling. Above the main plateaus, the magnetization curve consists of a series of small plateaus and jumps between them. It is also found that antiferromagnetism is induced by infinitesimal interchain coupling at the jumps between the small plateaus. We conclude that this antiferromagnetism is supported by the mixing of low-lying excited states by the staggered interchain mean field even though the spin correlation function is short ranged in the ground state of each chain.
Classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a garnet lattice: a Monte Carlo simulation
2000-01-01
We have studied a classical antiferromagnet on a garnet lattice by means of Monte Carlo simulations in an attempt to examine the role of geometrical frustration in Gadolinium Gallium Garnet, Gd3Ga5O12 (GGG). Low-temperature specific heat, magnetisation, susceptibility, the autocorrelation function A(t) and the neutron scattering function S(Q) have been calculated for several models including different types of magnetic interactions and with the presence of an external magnetic field applied a...
Study of the Antiferromagnetic Blume-Capel Model on kagomé Lattice
Hwang, Chi-Ok; Park, Sojeong; Kwak, Wooseop
2016-09-01
We study the anti-ferromagnetic (AF) Ising model and the AF Blume-Capel (BC) model on the kagomé lattice. Using the Wang-Landau sampling method, we estimate the joint density functions for both models on the lattice, and we obtain the exact critical magnetic fields at zero temperature by using the micro-canonical analysis. We also show the patterns of critical lines for the models from micro-canonical analysis.
Electrical Control of Antiferromagnetic Domains in Multiferroic BiFeO3 Films at Room Temperature
2006-09-03
Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Berkeley, California 94720, USA 3Centro de Ciencias de la Materia Condensada (CCMC)-UNAM Km 107, Carretera...b. ABSTRACT unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 ARTICLES O Fe Bi 18 0° 109° 71...antiferromagnetic ordering is G-type; that is nearest- neighbour Fe moments are aligned antiparallel to each other in all three cartesian directions13. In bulk
su(1,2) Algebraic Structure of XYZ Antiferromagnetic Model in Linear Spin-Wave Frame
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUAN Yong; JIN Shuo; LIN Bing-Sheng; XIE Bing-Hao; JING Si-Cong; YU Zhao-Xian; HOU Jing-Min
2008-01-01
The XYZ antiferromagnetic model in linear spin-wave frame is shown explicitly to have an su(1,2) aigebraic structure: the Hamiltonian can be written as a linear function of the su(1,2) algebra generators. Based on it, the energy eigenvalues are obtained by making use of the similar transformations, and the algebraic diagonalization method is investigated. Some numerical solutions are given, and the results indicate that only one group solution could be accepted in physics.
Goto, Minori; Nawaoka, Kohei; Miwa, Shinji; Hatanaka, Shohei; Mizuochi, Norikazu; Suzuki, Yoshishige
2016-08-01
We present electric field modulation of tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance (TAMR) in MnIr|MgO|Ta tunnel junctions. TAMR enables direct observation of the antiferromagnetic spin direction at the MnIr|MgO interface. We found that the shape of magnetoresistance (MR) curve can be modulated by an electric field, which can be explained by electric field modulation of the interfacial magnetic anisotropy at MnIr|MgO.
Spin transport of the frustrated integer spin S antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lima, Leonardo S., E-mail: lslima@infis.ufu.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, UFU, CEP:38700-128, Patos de Minas, MG (Brazil); Departamento de Física, ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, CEP:31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)
2014-03-15
We study the effect of the nearest-neighbor (nn) and next-nearest-neighbor (nnn) interactions on spin transport in the quantum integer spin one-dimensional isotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model. The Kubo formalism of the linear response theory is used to calculate the spin conductivity. We obtain the regular part of the spin conductivity, σ{sup reg}(ω), as function of the frequency at T=0 and obtain a strong effect of the (nnn) interaction on magnon transport.
Low Energy Properties of the Random Spin-1/2 Ferromagnetic-Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chain
Hida, Kazuo
1996-01-01
The low energy properties of the spin-1/2 random Heisenberg chain with ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions are studied by means of the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) and real space renormalization group (RSRG) method for finite chains. The results of the two methods are consistent with each other. The deviation of the gap distribution from that of the random singlet phase and the formation of the large-spin state is observed even for relatively small systems. For a s...
Hida, Kazuo
1995-01-01
The ground state of the square lattice bilayer quantum antiferromagnet with nearest and next-nearest neighbour intralayer interaction is studied by means of the modified spin wave method. For weak interlayer coupling, the ground state is found to be always magnetically ordered while the quantum disordered phase appear for large enough interlayer coupling. The properties of the disordered phase vary according to the strength of the frustration. In the regime of weak frustration, the disordered...
Phase transition in Heisenberg stacked triangular antiferromagnets: end of a controversy.
Ngo, V Thanh; Diep, H T
2008-09-01
By using the Wang-Landau flat-histogram Monte Carlo (MC) method for very large lattice sizes never simulated before, we show that the phase transition in the frustrated Heisenberg stacked triangular antiferromagnet is of first order, contrary to results of earlier MC simulations using old-fashioned methods. Our result lends support to the conclusion of a nonperturbative renormalization group performed on an effective Hamiltonian. It puts an end to a 20-year -long controversial issue.
Monte Carlo Study of the Anisotropic Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Triangular Lattice
Stephan, W.; Southern, B. W.
1999-01-01
We report a Monte Carlo study of the classical antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with easy axis anisotropy on the triangular lattice. Both the free energy cost for long wavelength spin waves as well as for the formation of free vortices are obtained from the spin stiffness and vorticity modulus respectively. Evidence for two distinct Kosterlitz-Thouless types of defect-mediated phase transitions at finite temperatures is presented.
Susceptibility of the 2D spin-1 / 2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with an impurity.
Höglund, Kaj H; Sandvik, Anders W
2003-08-15
We use a quantum Monte Carlo method (stochastic series expansion) to study the effects of a magnetic or nonmagnetic impurity on the magnetic susceptibility of the two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet. At low temperatures, we find a log-divergent contribution to the transverse susceptibility. We also introduce an effective few-spin model that can quantitatively capture the differences between magnetic and nonmagnetic impurities at high and intermediate temperatures.
Correlation functions of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model using a modified Lanczos method
Gagliano, Eduardo R.; Dagotto, Elbio; Moreo, Adriana; Alcaraz, Francisco C.
1986-08-01
Using a modified Lanczos algorithm, we study the correlation functions in the ground state of the one-dimensional antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model. We obtain numerical results for rings up to 24 sites. There are no indications of the anomalous behavior of these correlation functions recently observed in chains with 16 sites. We also present a pedagogical description of the hashing technique which is an efficient algorithm for searching and storage purposes.
No antiferromagnetic reordering at low temperature in pure YBa2Cu3O6+x
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Casalta, H.; Schleger, P.; Brecht, E.;
1994-01-01
Magnetic ordering has been investigated by neutron scattering on an YBa2Cu3O6+x single crystal with x=0.1 and x=0.18, and an Al doped YBa2(CU2.86Al0.14)O-6.25 crystal. For the undoped crystal an antiferromagnetic ordering transition (AFI) was observed at T-N=410 K and 368 K (respectively for x=0...
Antiferromagnetic ordering in superconducting YBa2Cu3O6.5
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sidis, Y.; Ulrich, C.; Bourges, P.
2001-01-01
Commensurate antiferromagnetic ordering has been observed in the superconducting high-T-c. cuprate YBa2Cu3O6.5 (T-c = 55 K) by polarized and unpolarized elastic neutron scattering. The magnetic peak intensity exhibits a marked enhancement at T-c. Zero-field muon-spin-resonance experiments...... demonstrate that the staggered magnetization is not truly static but fluctuates on a nanosecond time scale. These results point towards an unusual spin density wave state coexisting with superconductivity....
Enhancement of antiferromagnetic spin wave in the heavy-fermion superconductors
Koh, Shun-ichiro
2000-06-01
Recently, the inelastic neutron scattering experiments of UPd 2Al 3 showed that a sharp peak indicating a magnetic excitation appears below the superconducting phase transition temperature (M. Metoki et al., J. Phys. Soc. Japan 66 (1997) 2560, N. Bernhoeft et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 (1998) 4244). Assuming this excitation to be an antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin wave, this paper deals with its enhancement by the superconductivity.
Spin flop in one-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet KCuF3
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Shi Qing-Fan; Li Liang-Sheng; Wang Qi
2004-01-01
Following Yamada and Karo [J. Phys. Soc. Japan 63 (1994) 289], we have calculated the frequency-field diagram of antiferromagnetic resonance of KCuF3 using an eight-sublattice model and mean field approximation. A spin flop is found to take place from the [110]p to a direction perpendicular to [110]p in the c-plane at H≌ 42172A-m, which is in good agreement with the data obtained by measuring magnetic susceptibility.
Spin flop in one-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet KCuF3
Shi, Qing-Fan; Li, Liang-Sheng; Wang, Qi
2004-04-01
Following Yamada and Kato [J. Phys. Soc. Japan 63 (1994) 289], we have calculated the frequency-field diagram of antiferromagnetic resonance of KCuF3 using an eight-sublattice model and mean field approximation. A spin flop is found to take place from the [110]p to a direction perpendicular to [110]p in the c-plane at Hsimeq 42172A/m, which is in good agreement with the data obtained by measuring magnetic susceptibility.
Relief of frustration in the Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Pt2O7
Hallas, A. M.; Sharma, A. Z.; Cai, Y.; Munsie, T. J.; Wilson, M. N.; Tachibana, M.; Wiebe, C. R.; Luke, G. M.
2016-10-01
The gadolinium pyrochlores Gd2B2O7 are among the best realizations of antiferromagnetically coupled Heisenberg spins on a pyrochlore lattice. We present a magnetic characterization of Gd2Pt2O7 , a unique member of this family. Magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, and muon spin relaxation measurements show that Gd2Pt2O7 undergoes an antiferromagnetic ordering transition at TN=1.6 K. This transition is strongly first order, as indicated by the sharpness of the heat capacity anomaly, thermal hysteresis in the magnetic susceptibility, and a nondivergent relaxation rate in μ SR . The form of the heat capacity below TN suggests that the ground state is an anisotropic collinear antiferromagnet with an excitation spectrum that is gapped by 0.245(1) meV. The ordering temperature in Gd2Pt2O7,TN=1.6 K, is a substantial 160% increase from other gadolinium pyrochlores, which are all known to order at 1 K or lower. We attribute this enhancement in TN to the B -site cation, platinum. Despite being nonmagnetic, platinum has a filled 5 d t2 g orbital and an empty 5 d eg orbital that can facilitate superexchange. Thus, the magnetic frustration in Gd2Pt2O7 is partially "relieved," thereby promoting magnetic order.
Sürgers, Christoph; Wolf, Thomas; Adelmann, Peter; Kittler, Wolfram; Fischer, Gerda; Löhneysen, Hilbert v.
2017-01-01
The anomalous Hall effect (AHE), which in long-range ordered ferromagnets appears as a voltage transverse to the current and usually is proportional to the magnetization, often is believed to be of negligible size in antiferromagnets due to their low uniform magnetization. However, recent experiments and theory have demonstrated that certain antiferromagnets with a non-collinear arrangement of magnetic moments exhibit a sizeable spontaneous AHE at zero field due to a non-vanishing Berry curvature arising from the quantum mechanical phase of the electron’s wave functions. Here we show that antiferromagnetic Mn5Si3 single crystals exibit a large AHE which is strongly anisotropic and shows multiple transitions with sign changes at different magnetic fields due to field-induced rearrangements of the magnetic structure despite only tiny variations of the total magnetization. The presence of multiple non-collinear magnetic phases offers the unique possiblity to explore the details of the AHE and the sensitivity of the Hall effect on the details of the magnetic texture. PMID:28218287
Sürgers, Christoph; Wolf, Thomas; Adelmann, Peter; Kittler, Wolfram; Fischer, Gerda; Löhneysen, Hilbert V
2017-02-20
The anomalous Hall effect (AHE), which in long-range ordered ferromagnets appears as a voltage transverse to the current and usually is proportional to the magnetization, often is believed to be of negligible size in antiferromagnets due to their low uniform magnetization. However, recent experiments and theory have demonstrated that certain antiferromagnets with a non-collinear arrangement of magnetic moments exhibit a sizeable spontaneous AHE at zero field due to a non-vanishing Berry curvature arising from the quantum mechanical phase of the electron's wave functions. Here we show that antiferromagnetic Mn5Si3 single crystals exibit a large AHE which is strongly anisotropic and shows multiple transitions with sign changes at different magnetic fields due to field-induced rearrangements of the magnetic structure despite only tiny variations of the total magnetization. The presence of multiple non-collinear magnetic phases offers the unique possiblity to explore the details of the AHE and the sensitivity of the Hall effect on the details of the magnetic texture.
Competing antiferromagnetic and spin-glass phases in a hollandite structure
Crespo, Y.; Andreanov, A.; Seriani, N.
2013-07-01
We introduce a simple lattice model with Ising spins as a zeroth-order approximation of the hollandite-type magnetic compounds. We argue that geometrical frustration of the lattice in combination with nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic (AFM) interactions are responsible for the appearance of a spin-glass phase in presence of disorder. We investigate this system numerically using parallel tempering. The model reproduces magnetic transitions present in some oxides with hollandite structure and displays a rich phenomenology: in the absence of disorder we have identified five different ground states, depending on the relative strength and sign of the interactions: one ferromagnetically ordered, three antiferromagnetically ordered, and one disordered, macroscopically degenerate ground state. Remarkably, for the sets of AFM couplings having an AFM ground state in the clean system, there exists a critical value of the disorder above which the ground state becomes a spin glass while maintaining all the couplings antiferromagnetically. This model presents this kind of transition with nearest-neighbor frustrated AFM interactions. We argue that this model is useful for understanding the relation between AFM coupling, disorder, and appearance of spin-glass phases.
Interconnections between magnetic state and transport currents in antiferromagnetic Sr2IrO4
Tsoi, Maxim
Interconnections between magnetic state and transport currents in ferromagnetic (F) heterostructures are the basis for spintronic applications, e.g. tunneling magnetoresistance and spin-transfer torque phenomena provide a means to read and write information in magnetic memory devices like STTRAM. Similar interconnections were proposed to occur in systems where F-components are replaced with antiferromagnets (AFM). We demonstrated experimentally the existence of such interconnections in antiferromagnetic Mott insulator Sr2IrO4: first, we found a very large anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) which can be used to monitor (read) the magnetic state of AFM; second, we demonstrated the feasibility of reversible resistive switching driven by high-density currents/high electric fields which can be used for writing in AFM memory applications. These results support the feasibility of AFM spintronics where antiferromagnets are used in place of ferromagnets. This work was supported in part by C-SPIN, one of six centers of STARnet, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program, sponsored by MARCO and DARPA, and by NSF grants DMR-1207577, DMR-1265162 and DMR-1122603.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Natsume, Yuhei; Tada, Shinichiro; Suzuki, Toshihiko [Chiba Univ., Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba (Japan)
2002-06-01
Characteristic properties of excited states in antiferromagnetic ladder systems with spin-1/2 are investigated in relation with the theoretical analysis of the quite asymmetric shape of the peak for twice the spin gap {delta}{sub g} in magnetic Raman spectra. Here, the structure of exchange-scattering spectra are reproduced by the numerical calculation for the finite Heisenberg ladder, in which legs with antiferromagnetic bond J{sub c} is connected by rungs with antiferromagnetic bond J{sub r}. The singlet ground state in this system can be expressed as the ordering of singlet dimers on rungs in the ladder for J{sub c}/J{sub r} {yields} +0. In fact, the value of 0.1 is adopted to be the ratio of J{sub c}/J{sub r} in order to discuss the experimental work of the magnetic Raman spectra for the ladder of V{sup 4+} ions in the oxide compound CaV{sub 2}O{sub 5} reported in Konstantinovic et al., Phys. Rev. B61 (2000), 15185. As for this peak of 2{delta}{sub g}, quite an asymmetric observed shape is explained by the present calculation. According to the analysis of spectra, we discuss the expression of excited states by triplet dimers on rungs: The dominant contribution of the pair of triplet dimers on adjacent rungs to the corresponding state for 2{delta}{sub g} peak is pointed out. (author)
McLaughlin, A C; Sher, F; Attfield, J P
2005-08-11
The mechanism of high-transition-temperature (high-T(c)) superconductivity in doped copper oxides is an enduring problem. Antiferromagnetism is established as the competing order, but the relationship between the two states in the intervening 'pseudogap' regime has become a central puzzle. The role of the crystal lattice, which is important in conventional superconductors, also remains unclear. Here we report an anomalous increase of the distance between copper oxide planes on cooling, which results in negative thermal volume expansion, for layered ruthenium copper oxides that have been doped to the boundary of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity. We propose that a crossover between these states is driven by spin ordering in the ruthenium oxide layers, revealing a novel mechanism for negative lattice expansion in solids. The differences in volume and lattice strain between the distinct superconducting and antiferromagnetic states can account for the phase segregation phenomena found extensively in low-doped copper oxides, and show that Cooper pair formation is coupled to the lattice. Unusually large variations of resistivity with magnetic field are found in these ruthenium copper oxides at low temperatures through coupling between the ordered Ru and Cu spins.
Li, Hai-Feng
2016-10-01
Understanding the nature of all possible ground states and especially magnetic-field-driven phase transitions of antiferromagnets represents a major step towards unravelling the real nature of interesting phenomena such as superconductivity, multiferroicity or magnetoresistance in condensed-matter science. Here a consistent mean-field calculation endowed with antiferromagnetic (AFM) exchange interaction (J), easy axis anisotropy (γ), uniaxial single-ion anisotropy (D) and Zeeman coupling to a magnetic field parallel to the AFM easy axis consistently unifies the AFM state, spin-flop (SFO) and spin-flip transitions. We reveal some mathematically allowed exotic spin states and fluctuations depending on the relative coupling strength of (J, γ and D). We build the three-dimensional (J, γ and D) and two-dimensional (γ and D) phase diagrams clearly displaying the equilibrium phase conditions and discuss the origins of various magnetic states as well as their transitions in different couplings. Besides the traditional first-order type one, we unambiguously confirm an existence of a second-order type SFO transition. This study provides an integrated theoretical model for the magnetic states of collinear antiferromagnets with two interpenetrating sublattices and offers a practical approach as an alternative to the estimation of magnetic exchange parameters (J, γ and D), and the results may shed light on nontrivial magnetism-related properties of bulks, thin films and nanostructures of correlated electron systems.
Averkov, Yu. O.; Tarapov, S. I.; Yakovenko, V. M.; Yampol'skii, V. A.
2015-04-01
The surface electromagnetic states (SEMSs) on graphene, which has a linear carrier dispersion law and is placed in an antiferromagnetic photonic crystal, are theoretically studied in the terahertz frequency range. The unit cell of such a crystal consists of layers of a nonmagnetic insulator and a uniaxial antiferromagnet, the easy axis of which is parallel to the crystal layers. A dc magnetic field is parallel to the easy axis of the antiferromagnet. An expression that relates the SEMS frequencies to the structure parameters is obtained. The problem of SEMS excitation by an external TE-polarized electromagnetic wave is solved, and the dependences of the transmission coefficient on the dc magnetic field and the carrier concentration are constructed. These dependences are shown to differ substantially from the case of a conventional two-dimensional electron gas with a quadratic electron dispersion law. Thus, the positions of the transmission coefficient peaks related to resonance SEMS excitation can be used to determine the character of carrier dispersion law in a two-dimensional electron gas.
La{sub 2}NiTiO{sub 6}: A 3D S=1 fcc Heisenberg antiferromagnet
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Karolak, Michael; Edelmann, Martin; Sangiovanni, Giorgio [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany)
2015-07-01
A DFT+DMFT analysis of the double perovskite La{sub 2}NiTiO{sub 6} reveals the crystal to exhibit a nearly unfrustrated three-dimensional ordering of local magnetic moments of S=1 on an fcc sublattice. In DFT, La{sub 2}NiTiO{sub 6} shows a peculiar bandstructure in which the Ni e{sub g} bands are half-filled and split from bands of other character by at least 0.5 eV. The bandwidth of Ni e{sub g} is around 0.8 eV, which is attributed to strongly reduced hopping amplitudes caused by the Ti sites. By Wannier projection on the correlated subspace of only Ni e{sub g}, an effective direct exchange model is derived to obtain quantitative values for the superexchange coupling between Ni sites. Comparing nearest-neighbour to next-nearest-neighbour coupling, the latter exceeds the former by a factor of 4 at minimum. This causes a nearly unfrustrated antiferromagnetic ordering of the local moments, whose Neel temperature is low not as a result of frustration but of strong correlation, as is revealed by an investigation of the kinetic and potential energy differences between ordered an unordered phase. The double perovskite La{sub 2}NiTiO{sub 6} is identified as an interesting S=1 quantum antiferromagnet on a three-dimensional fcc sublattice. By means of Density Functional Theory (DFT) in combination with Dynamical Mean Field Theory (DMFT) it is demonstrated that this material is a high-spin d-electron system deep in the Heisenberg limit and established that its paramagnetic Mott phase persists down to low temperatures not because of frustration effects but rather for the strong coupling physics. Our many-body calculations on an ab initio-derived multi-orbital basis predict indeed a kinetic energy gain when entering the magnetically ordered phase. The strong-coupling nature is assessed from a multi-orbital DFT+DMFT analysis of the energetic balance between the ordered and disordered phase, which reveals a kinetic-energy-driven ordering. La{sub 2}NiTiO{sub 6} emerges thus as a
Miyasaka, Hitoshi; Takayama, Karin; Saitoh, Ayumi; Furukawa, Sachie; Yamashita, Masahiro; Clérac, Rodolphe
2010-03-22
Two one-dimensional compounds composed of a 1:1 ratio of Mn(III) salen-type complex and Ni(II) oximato moiety with different counter anions, PF(6)(-) and BPh(4)(-), were synthesized: [Mn(3,5-Cl(2)saltmen)Ni(pao)(2)(phen)]PF(6) (1) and [Mn(5-Clsaltmen)Ni(pao)(2)(phen)]BPh(4) (2), where 3,5-Cl(2)saltmen(2-) = N,N'-(1,1,2,2-tetramethylethylene)bis(3,5-dichlorosalicylideneiminate); 5-Clsaltmen(2-) = N,N'-(1,1,2,2-tetramethylethylene)bis(5-chlorosalicylideneiminate); pao(-) = pyridine-2-aldoximate; and phen = 1,10-phenanthroline. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study was carried out for both compounds. In 1 and 2, the chain topology is very similar forming an alternating linear chain with a [-Mn(III)-ON-Ni(II)-NO-] repeating motif (where -ON- is the oximate bridge). The use of a bulky counteranion, such as BPh(4)(-), located between the chains in 2 rather than PF(6)(-) in 1, successfully led to the magnetic isolation of the chains in 2. This minimization of the interchain interactions allows the study of the intrinsic magnetic properties of the chains present in 1 and 2. While 1 and 2 possess, as expected, very similar paramagnetic properties above 15 K, their ground state is antiferromagnetic below 9.4 K and paramagnetic down to 1.8 K, respectively. Nevertheless, both compounds exhibit a magnet-type behavior at temperatures below 6 K. While for 2, the observed magnetism is well explained by a Single-Chain Magnet (SCM) behavior, the magnet properties for 1 are induced by the presence in the material of SCM building units that order antiferromagnetically. By controlling both intra- and interchain magnetic interactions in this new [Mn(III)Ni(II)] SCM system, a remarkable AF phase with a magnet-type behavior has been stabilized in relation with the intrinsic SCM properties of the chains present in 1. This result suggests that the simultaneous enhancement of both intrachain (J) and interchain (J') magnetic interactions (with keeping J > J'), independently of the presence
Mi, Bin-Zhou
2017-02-01
The magnetic and thermodynamic properties of anisotropic frustrated spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a body-centered cubic lattice for Néel phase (the region of weak frustration) are systematically investigated by use of the double-time Green's function method within the random phase approximation and the Anderson and Callen's decoupling. The zero-temperature sublattice magnetization and Néel temperature increase with spin anisotropy strength and single-ion anisotropy strength, and decrease with frustration strength. This indicates that quantum fluctuation is suppressed by spin anisotropy and single-ion anisotropy, by contrast, is strengthened by frustration. It is possible to tune the quantum fluctuations by the competition of anisotropy strength and frustration strength to change the ground state properties of magnetic materials. Although we find that both the spin anisotropy and the single-ion anisotropy suppress the quantum fluctuations, but their respective effects on the thermodynamic quantities, especially the internal energy and free energy, are different at zero temperature and finite temperature. Furthermore, when these two kinds of anisotropic coexist, the effect of the spin anisotropy on the sublattice magnetization and internal energy is larger than that of the single-ion anisotropy.
Collinear antiferromagnetism in trigonal SrMn2As2 revealed by single-crystal neutron diffraction
Das, Pinaki; Sangeetha, N. S.; Pandey, Abhishek; Benson, Zackery A.; Heitmann, T. W.; Johnston, D. C.; Goldman, A. I.; Kreyssig, A.
2017-01-01
Iron pnictides and related materials have been a topic of intense research for understanding the complex interplay between magnetism and superconductivity. Here we report on the magnetic structure of SrMn2As2 that crystallizes in a trigonal structure (P\\bar{3}m1 ) and undergoes an antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition at {{T}\\text{N}}=118(2) K. The magnetic susceptibility remains nearly constant at temperatures T≤slant {{T}\\text{N}} with \\boldsymbol{H}\\parallel \\boldsymbol{c} whereas it decreases significantly with \\boldsymbol{H}\\parallel \\boldsymbol{a}\\boldsymbol{b} . This shows that the ordered Mn moments lie in the \\boldsymbol{a}\\boldsymbol{b} plane instead of aligning along the \\boldsymbol{c} -axis as in tetragonal BaMn2As2. Single-crystal neutron diffraction measurements on SrMn2As2 demonstrate that the Mn moments are ordered in a collinear Néel AFM phase with {{180}\\circ} AFM alignment between a moment and all nearest neighbor moments in the basal plane and also perpendicular to it. Moreover, quasi-two-dimensional AFM order is manifested in SrMn2As2 as evident from the temperature dependence of the order parameter.
Lattice distortion and stripelike antiferromagnetic order in Ca10(Pt3As8)(Fe2As2)5
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sapkota, Aashish [Ames Laboratory; Tucker, Gregory S [Ames Laboratory; Ramazanoglu, Mehmet [Ames Laboratory; Tian, Wei [Ames Laboratory; Ni, N [University of California; Cava, R J; McQueeney, Robert J [Princeton; Goldman, Alan I [Ames Laboratory; Kreyssig, Andreas [Ames Laboratory
2014-09-01
Ca10(Pt3As8)(Fe2As2)5 is the parent compound for a class of Fe-based high-temperature superconductors where superconductivity with transition temperatures up to 30 K can be introduced by partial element substitution. We present a combined high-resolution high-energy x-ray diffraction and elastic neutron scattering study on a Ca10(Pt3As8)(Fe2As2)5 single crystal. This study reveals the microscopic nature of two distinct and continuous phase transitions to be very similar to other Fe-based high-temperature superconductors: an orthorhombic distortion of the high-temperature tetragonal Fe-As lattice below TS=110(2) K followed by stripelike antiferromagnetic ordering of the Fe moments below TN=96(2) K. These findings demonstrate that major features of the Fe-based high-temperature superconductors are very robust against variations in chemical constitution as well as structural imperfection of the layers separating the Fe-As layers from each other and confirms that the Fe-As layers primarily determine the physics in this class of material.
Inter-particle Interactions in Composites of Antiferromagnetic Nanoparticles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Frandsen, Cathrine; Mørup, Steen
2003-01-01
We have prepared mixtures of alpha-Fe2O3, CoO, and NiO nanoparticles by drying aqueous suspensions of the particles. The magnetic properties were studied by Mossbauer spectroscopy. The measurements showed that interactions with CoO particles suppress the superparamagnetic relaxation of both alpha......, showed that the suspension medium can affect the magnetic properties of the alpha-FeA particles significantly, but not in the same way as the CoO or NiO nanoparticles. Therefore, a strong inter-particle exchange interaction between particles of different materials seems to be responsible for the magnetic......-Fe2O3 and Fe-57-doped NiO particles. The effect of NiO particles on alpha-FeA particles was a shorter relaxation time and an induced Morin transition, which usually is absent in alpha-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. Spectra of alpha-Fe2O3 particles, prepared by drying suspensions with added Co2+ and Ni2+ ions...
Topological thermal Hall effect in frustrated kagome antiferromagnets
Owerre, S. A.
2017-01-01
In frustrated magnets the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction (DMI) arising from spin-orbit coupling can induce a magnetic long-range order. Here, we report a theoretical prediction of the thermal Hall effect in frustrated kagome magnets such as KCr3(OH) 6(SO4) 2 and KFe3(OH) 6(SO4)2 . The thermal Hall effects in these materials are induced by scalar spin chirality as opposed to DMI in previous studies. The scalar spin chirality originates from the magnetic-field-induced chiral spin configuration due to noncoplanar spin textures, but in general it can be spontaneously developed as a macroscopic order parameter in chiral quantum spin liquids. Therefore, we infer that there is a possibility of the thermal Hall effect in frustrated kagome magnets such as herbertsmithite ZnCu3(OH) 6Cl2 and the chromium compound Ca10Cr7O28 , although they also show evidence of magnetic long-range order in the presence of applied magnetic field or pressure.
Functional renormalization for antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in the Hubbard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Friederich, Simon
2010-12-08
Despite its apparent simplicity, the two-dimensional Hubbard model for locally interacting fermions on a square lattice is widely considered as a promising approach for the understanding of Cooper pair formation in the quasi two-dimensional high-T{sub c} cuprate materials. In the present work this model is investigated by means of the functional renormalization group, based on an exact flow equation for the effective average action. In addition to the fermionic degrees of freedom of the Hubbard Hamiltonian, bosonic fields are introduced which correspond to the different possible collective orders of the system, for example magnetism and superconductivity. The interactions between bosons and fermions are determined by means of the method of ''rebosonization'' (or ''flowing bosonization''), which can be described as a continuous, scale-dependent Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation. This method allows an efficient parameterization of the momentum-dependent effective two-particle interaction between fermions (four-point vertex), and it makes it possible to follow the flow of the running couplings into the regimes exhibiting spontaneous symmetry breaking, where bosonic fluctuations determine the types of order which are present on large length scales. Numerical results for the phase diagram are presented, which include the mutual influence of different, competing types of order. (orig.)
Pakhira, Santanu; Mazumdar, Chandan; Ranganathan, R.; Giri, S.; Avdeev, Maxim
2016-09-01
The ternary intermetallic compounds Gd2NiSi3 and Er2NiSi3 are synthesized in chemically single phase, which are characterized using dc magnetization, ac magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, and neutron diffraction studies. Neutron diffraction and heat capacity studies confirm that long-range magnetic ordering coexists with the frustrated glassy magnetic components for both compounds. The static and dynamical features of dc magnetization and frequency-dependent ac susceptibility data reveal that Gd2NiSi3 is a canonical spin-glass system, while Er2NiSi3 is a reentrant spin cluster-glass system. The spin freezing temperature merges with the long-range antiferromagnetic ordering temperature at 16.4 K for Gd2NiSi3 . Er2NiSi3 undergoes antiferromagnetic ordering at 5.4 K, which is slightly above the spin freezing temperature at 3 K. The detailed studies of nonequilibrium dynamical behavior, viz., the memory effect and relaxation behavior using different protocols, suggest that both compounds favor the hierarchical model over the droplet model. A large magnetocaloric effect is observed for both compounds. Maximum values of isothermal entropy change (-Δ SM ) and relative cooling power (RCP) are found to be 18.4 J/kg K and 525 J/kg for Gd2NiSi3 and 22.6 J/kg K and 540 J/kg for Er2NiSi3 , respectively, for a change in field from 0 to 70 kOe. The values of RCP are comparable to those of the promising refrigerant materials. A correlation between large RCP and magnetic frustration is discussed for developing new magnetic refrigerant materials.
Val'kov, V. V.; Zlotnikov, A. O.
2016-12-01
On the basis of the periodic Anderson model, the microscopic Ginzburg-Landau equations for heavy-fermion superconductors in the coexistence phase of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism have been derived. The obtained expressions are valid in the vicinity of quantum critical point of heavy-fermion superconductors when the onset temperatures of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity are sufficiently close to each other. It is shown that the formation of antiferromagnetic ordering causes a decrease of the critical temperature of superconducting transition and order parameter in the phase of coexisting superconductivity and antiferromagnetism.
Antiferromagnet-long-period structure phase transition in RMn2O5 oxides
Men'shenin, V. V.; Nikolaev, V. V.; Dmitriev, A. V.
2011-07-01
An analysis of the magnetic phase transition from an antiferromagnetic into an incommensurate phase in oxides RMn2O5 has been performed. It has been shown that this is a second-order phase transition and that it can occur through one of complete irreducible representations of the space group Pbam, i.e., without a decrease in the symmetry of the crystal lattice. It has been established that the decrease in the electric polarization of the oxides in this transition is due to the development of long-period magnetic ordering.
Macroscopic anisotropy and symmetry breaking in the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Ti2O7
Hassan, A. K.; Lévy, L. P.; Darie, C.; Strobel, P.
2003-06-01
In the Heisenberg antiferromagnet Gd2Ti2O7, the exchange interactions are geometrically frustrated by the pyrochlore lattice structure. This ESR study reveals a strong temperature dependent anisotropy with respect to a [111] body diagonal below a temperature TA=80 K, despite the spin only nature of the Gd3+ ion. Anisotropy and symmetry breaking can nevertheless appear through the superexchange interaction. In the presence of anisotropic exchanges, short range planar correlations restricted to specific Kagomé planes are sufficient to explain the two ESR modes studied in this work.
Field-driven transitions in the dipolar pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Ti2O7
Cépas, Olivier; Shastry, B. Sriram
2004-05-01
We present a mean-field theory for magnetic-field-driven transitions in dipolar coupled gadolinium titanate Gd2Ti2O7 pyrochlore system. Low-temperature neutron scattering yields a phase that can be regarded as a eight sublattice antiferromagnet, in which long-ranged ordered moments and fluctuating moments coexist. Our theory gives parameter regions where such a phase is realized, and predicts several other phases, with transitions amongst them driven by magnetic field as well as temperature. We find several instances of local disorder parameters describing the transitions.
Magnetic resonance in the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Ti2O7
Sosin, S. S.; Smirnov, A. I.; Prozorova, L. A.; Balakrishnan, G.; Zhitomirsky, M. E.
2006-06-01
An electron spin resonance study of frustrated pyrochlore Gd2Ti2O7 is performed in a wide frequency band for a temperature range 0.4 30K , which covers paramagnetic and magnetically ordered phases. The paramagnetic resonance reveals a spectroscopic g factor of about 2.0 and a temperature-dependent linewidth. In ordered phases magnetic resonance spectra are distinctive for a nonplanar cubic (or tetrahedral) antiferromagnet with an isotropic susceptibility. In the high-field-saturated phase, weakly dispersive soft modes are observed and their field evolution is traced.
Large exchange-dominated domain wall velocities in antiferromagnetically coupled nanowires
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Majd Kuteifan
2016-04-01
Full Text Available Magnetic nanowires supporting field- and current-driven domain wall motion are envisioned for methods of information storage and processing. A major obstacle for their practical use is the domain-wall velocity, which is traditionally limited for low fields and currents due to the Walker breakdown occurring when the driving component reaches a critical threshold value. We show through numerical and analytical modeling that the Walker breakdown limit can be extended or completely eliminated in antiferromagnetically coupled magnetic nanowires. These coupled nanowires allow for large domain-wall velocities driven by field and/or current as compared to conventional nanowires.
Quantum phase transitions in the Heisenberg J1-J2 triangular antiferromagnet in a magnetic field
Ye, Mengxing; Chubukov, Andrey V.
2017-01-01
We present the zero-temperature phase diagram of a Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a frustrated triangular lattice with nearest-neighbor (J1) and next-nearest-neighbor (J2) interactions, in a magnetic field. We show that the classical model has an accidental degeneracy for all J2/J1 and all fields, but the degeneracy is lifted by quantum fluctuations. We show that at large spin S , for J2/J11 , the transition remains first order, with a finite hysteresis width, but for S =1 /2 and, possibly, S =1 , there appears a new intermediate phase without a quasiclassical long-range order.
Emergent Power-Law Phase in the 2D Heisenberg Windmill Antiferromagnet: A Computational Experiment.
Jeevanesan, Bhilahari; Chandra, Premala; Coleman, Piers; Orth, Peter P
2015-10-23
In an extensive computational experiment, we test Polyakov's conjecture that under certain circumstances an isotropic Heisenberg model can develop algebraic spin correlations. We demonstrate the emergence of a multispin U(1) order parameter in a Heisenberg antiferromagnet on interpenetrating honeycomb and triangular lattices. The correlations of this relative phase angle are observed to decay algebraically at intermediate temperatures in an extended critical phase. Using finite-size scaling we show that both phase transitions are of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless type, and at lower temperatures we find long-range Z(6) order.
Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice.
Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru
2016-06-24
Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2,1/2,1/2) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.
Spin transport of the frustrated quasi-two-dimensional XY-like antiferromagnet
Lima, L. S.
2017-01-01
We use the Self Consistent Harmonic Approximation together with the Kubo formalism of the Linear Response Theory to study the spin transport in the two-dimensional frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a square lattice with easy-plane ion single anisotropy. The regular part of the spin conductivity σreg(ω) is determined for several values of the critical ion single parameter Dc, that separates the low D region from the large D quantum paramagnetic phase. We have obtained an abrupt change in the spin conductivity in the discontinuity points of the graphic Dc vs. η, where the system presents a quantum phase transition.
Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Spin Chain of a Few Cold Atoms in a One-Dimensional Trap.
Murmann, S; Deuretzbacher, F; Zürn, G; Bjerlin, J; Reimann, S M; Santos, L; Lompe, T; Jochim, S
2015-11-20
We report on the deterministic preparation of antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin chains consisting of up to four fermionic atoms in a one-dimensional trap. These chains are stabilized by strong repulsive interactions between the two spin components without the need for an external periodic potential. We independently characterize the spin configuration of the chains by measuring the spin orientation of the outermost particle in the trap and by projecting the spatial wave function of one spin component on single-particle trap levels. Our results are in good agreement with a spin-chain model for fermionized particles and with numerically exact diagonalizations of the full few-fermion system.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cui, L.; Wang, F. [Suqian College, Fundamental Department, Suqian 223800 (China); Zhang, S.J. [Hubei University of Automotive Technology, Shiyan 442002 (China); Hu, Y.J., E-mail: eric8222@126.com [Hubei University of Automotive Technology, Shiyan 442002 (China)
2014-10-15
Using exact numerical diagonalization and density-matrix renormalization group method, we study the effect of magnetic frustrations due to next-nearest-neighbor bonds in a structure of periodically doping spins beside every spin side of the same sublattice of the 1D HAF linear chain, which is popularly known as Quasi-One-Dimensional Heisenberg Antiferromagnetic chain. As a result of the frustrations, the quantum disordered phase (gapped) also appears in the quantum case, except that the ferrimagnetic state in the non-frustrations case and the caned phase appeared in the classical case. For quantum disordered phase, tetramer–dimmer state is predominant and the spin gap is opened.
Frustrated diamond-chain quantum XXZ Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a magnetic field
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Richter, Johannes, E-mail: Johannes.Richter@Physik.Uni-Magdeburg.DE [Institut für theoretische Physik, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, P.O. Box 4120, D-39016 Magdeburg (Germany); Krupnitska, Olesia [Institute for Condensed Matter Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 1 Svientsitskii Street, L' viv-11, 79011 (Ukraine); Krokhmalskii, Taras [Institute for Condensed Matter Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 1 Svientsitskii Street, L' viv-11, 79011 (Ukraine); Department for Theoretical Physics, Ivan Franko National University of L' viv, 12 Drahomanov Street, L' viv-5, 79005 (Ukraine); Derzhko, Oleg [Institut für theoretische Physik, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, P.O. Box 4120, D-39016 Magdeburg (Germany); Institute for Condensed Matter Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 1 Svientsitskii Street, L' viv-11, 79011 (Ukraine); Department for Theoretical Physics, Ivan Franko National University of L' viv, 12 Drahomanov Street, L' viv-5, 79005 (Ukraine); Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, I-34151 Trieste (Italy)
2015-04-01
We consider the antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg model on a frustrated diamond-chain lattice in a z- or x-aligned external magnetic field. We use the strong-coupling approach to elaborate an effective description in the low-temperature strong-field regime. The obtained effective models are spin-1/2 XY chains which are exactly solvable through the Jordan–Wigner fermionization. We perform exact-diagonalization studies of the magnetization curves to test the quality of the effective description. The results may have relevance for the description of the azurite spin-chain compound.
Quantum entanglement in trimer spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains with antiferromagnetic coupling
Del Cima, O M; da Silva, S L L
2015-01-01
The quantum entanglement measure is determined, for the first time, for antiferromagnetic trimer spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains. The physical quantity proposed to measure the entanglement is the distance between states by adopting the Hilbert-Schmidt norm. The method is applied to the new magnetic Cu(II) trimer system, 2b.3CuCl_2.2H_2O, and to the trinuclear Cu(II) halide salt, (3MAP)_2Cu_2Cl_8. The decoherence temperature, above which the entanglement is suppressed, is determined for the both systems. A correlation among their decoherence temperatures and their respective exchange coupling constants is established.
Mukai, Y; Yamamoto, T; Kageyama, H; Tanaka, K
2016-01-01
We report on the nonlinear magnetization dynamics of a HoFeO3 crystal induced by a strong terahertz magnetic field resonantly enhanced with a split ring resonator and measured with magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy. The terahertz magnetic field induces a large change (~40%) in the spontaneous magnetization. The frequency of the antiferromagnetic resonance decreases in proportion to the square of the magnetization change. A modified Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation with a phenomenological nonlinear damping term quantitatively reproduced the nonlinear dynamics.
Optical spectra of CdMnSe of nano-ferro- and antiferro-magnets.
Proshchenko, Vitaly; Dahnovsky, Yuri
2015-10-28
We study optical transitions in CdSe quantum dots doped by Mn atoms. At low concentrations the transitions are spin-forbidden. Nevertheless, strong light absorption was experimentally found. To explain this effect we propose a new mechanism that includes two or more Mn atoms closely placed to each other containing the electrons with opposite spin projections. In this case the spin-flip is unnecessary. In addition we study absorption from quantum dots containing two Mn atoms with different multiplicities. We find that the strongest absorption from the gap is for an antiferromagnetic arrangement. The obtained results confirm the experimental concentration dependencies.
Large off-diagonal magnetoelectric coupling in the quantum paraelectric antiferromagnet EuTiO3
Shvartsman, V. V.; Borisov, P.; Kleemann, W.; Kamba, S.; Katsufuji, T.
2010-02-01
The third-order E2H2 -type magnetoelectric (ME) response of polycrystalline EuTiO3 changes sign under magnetic bias and shows a large anomaly at the antiferromagnetic (AF)-paramagnetic phase boundary below TN≈5.3K . It is attributed to critical fluctuations of the AF order parameter reinforced by quantum paraelectric polar correlations. The underlying biquadratic spin-lattice coupling involves electric field induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction as described within mean-field approximation. Single domaining by ME annealing (or cooling) significantly enhances the response by additional EH and EH2 effects.
Ground State and Elementary Excitations of the S=1 Kagome Heisenberg Antiferromagnet
Hida, Kazuo
2000-01-01
Low energy spectrum of the S=1 kagom\\'e Heisenberg antiferromagnet (KHAF) is studied by means of exact diagonalization and the cluster expansion. The magnitude of the energy gap of the magnetic excitation is consistent with the recent experimental observation for \\mpynn. In contrast to the $S=1/2$ KHAF, the non-magnetic excitations have finite energy gap comparable to the magnetic excitation. As a physical picture of the ground state, the hexagon singlet solid state is proposed and verified b...
Application of Mean-Field Jordan-Wigner Transformation to Antiferromagnet System
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Jia-Liang; LEI Shu-Guo; JIANG Yu-Chi
2008-01-01
By using the mean-field Jordan-Wigner transformation analysis,this paper studies the one-dimensional spin-1/2 XYZ antiferromagnetic chain in the transverse field with uniform long-range interactions among the z-components of the spins.The thermodynamic quantities,such as Helmholtz free energy,the internal energy,the specific heat,and the isothermal susceptibility,are obtained.Under degenerating condition,our results agree with numerical results of the other literatures.
Sknepnek, Rastko; Vojta, Thomas; Vojta, Matthias
2004-08-27
We present Monte Carlo simulations of a two-dimensional bilayer quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet with random dimer dilution. In contrast with exotic scaling scenarios found in other random quantum systems, the quantum phase transition in this system is characterized by a finite-disorder fixed point with power-law scaling. After accounting for corrections to scaling, with a leading irrelevant exponent of omega approximately 0.48, we find universal critical exponents z=1.310(6) and nu=1.16(3). We discuss the consequences of these findings and suggest new experiments.
Yasuda, Shinya; Todo, Synge
2013-12-01
We present a method that optimizes the aspect ratio of a spatially anisotropic quantum lattice model during the quantum Monte Carlo simulation, and realizes the virtually isotropic lattice automatically. The anisotropy is removed by using the Robbins-Monro algorithm based on the correlation length in each direction. The method allows for comparing directly the value of the critical amplitude among different anisotropic models, and identifying the universality more precisely. We apply our method to the staggered dimer antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model and demonstrate that the apparent nonuniversal behavior is attributed mainly to the strong size correction of the effective aspect ratio due to the existence of the cubic interaction.
Quantum phase transition of the randomly diluted heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice
Kato; Todo; Harada; Kawashima; Miyashita; Takayama
2000-05-01
Ground-state magnetic properties of the diluted Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice are investigated by means of the quantum Monte Carlo method with the continuous-time loop algorithm. It is found that the critical concentration of magnetic sites is independent of the spin size S, and equal to the two-dimensional percolation threshold. However, the existence of quantum fluctuations makes the critical exponents deviate from those of the classical percolation transition. Furthermore, we found that the transition is not universal, i.e., the critical exponents significantly depend on S.
Sandvik, A W; Singh, R R
2001-01-15
We use quantum Monte Carlo simulations and numerical analytic continuation to study high-energy spin excitations in the two-dimensional S = 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet at low temperature. We present results for both the transverse (x) and longitudinal (z) dynamic spin structure factors Sx,z(q,omega) at q = (pi,0) and (pi/2, pi/2). Linear spin-wave theory predicts no dispersion on the line connecting these momenta. Our calculations show that in fact the magnon energy at (pi,0) is 10% lower than at (pi/2, pi/2). We also discuss the transverse and longitudinal multimagnon continua and their relevance to neutron scattering experiments.
Néel temperature of quasi-low-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnets.
Yasuda, C; Todo, S; Hukushima, K; Alet, F; Keller, M; Troyer, M; Takayama, H
2005-06-03
The Néel temperature T(N) of quasi-one- and quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnetic Heisenberg models on a cubic lattice is calculated by Monte Carlo simulations as a function of interchain (interlayer) to intrachain (intralayer) coupling J(')/J down to J(')/J approximately = 10(-3). We find that T(N) obeys a modified random-phase approximationlike relation for small J(')/J with an effective universal renormalized coordination number, independent of the size of the spin. Empirical formulas describing T(N) for a wide range of J(') and useful for the analysis of experimental measurements are presented.
Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice
Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru
2016-06-01
Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2 ,1/2 ,1/2 ) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.
Specific Heat of the Spin-1/2 Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chain
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
云国宏; 梁希侠
2001-01-01
A simple analytic theory of thermodynamics at finite temperature for the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain is proposed based on the picture of the particle-hole pair excitations. The dispersion relation of the particle-hole pairs is derived in the formulation of thermodynamic Bethe ansatz provided that the particles and holes have the same energy and they are excited as normalmodes. It is shown that the behaviour of the specific heat is in excellent agreement with the numerical and experimental results.
Quantum selection of order in an XXZ antiferromagnet on a Kagome lattice.
Chernyshev, A L; Zhitomirsky, M E
2014-12-05
Selection of the ground state of the kagome-lattice XXZ antiferromagnet by quantum fluctuations is investigated by combining nonlinear spin-wave and real-space perturbation theories. The two methods unanimously favor q=0 over sqrt[3]×sqrt[3] magnetic order in a wide range of the anisotropy parameter 0≤Δ≲0.72. Both approaches are also in accord on the magnitude of the quantum order-by-disorder effect generated by topologically nontrivial, looplike spin-flip processes. A tentative S-Δ phase diagram of the model is proposed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ayuela, A. [Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), P.O. Box 1072, 20018 San Sebastian/Donostia (Spain)]. E-mail: swxayfea@sw.ehu.es; Klein, D.J. [Department of Marine Science, Texas A and M University at Galveston, Galveston, TX 77553 (United States); March, N.H. [Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), P.O. Box 1072, 20018 San Sebastian/Donostia (Spain) and Oxford University, Oxford (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: arubio@sc.ehu.es
2007-03-12
The critical line of an Ising antiferromagnet (AF) with short-range exchange interactions has been discussed fairly recently by Wang and Kim. Their results may prove appropriate to some insulating AFs. Here, because of possible relevance to metallic AFs such as FeNiCr alloys, we study the Ising model in the opposite limit in which the exchange interactions become infinite range. In particular, we present numerical results for the sublattice magnetizations m{sub A} and m{sub B} as a function of the temperature and applied field. Then, using the so-called smoothness postulate, the critical line of an AF with infinite-range interactions is obtained.
Vemulkar, T.; Welbourne, E. N.; Petit, D. C. M. C.; Cowburn, R. P.
2017-01-01
In this article, we demonstrate the magneto-mechanic behavior in a fluid environment of perpendicularly magnetized microdiscs with antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling. When suspended in a fluid and under the influence of a simple uniaxial applied magnetic field sequence, the microdiscs mechanically rotate to access the magnetic saturation processes that are either that of the easy axis, hard axis, or in-between the two, in order to lower their energy. Further, these transitions enable the magnetic particles to form reconfigurable magnetic chains, and transduce torque from uniaxial applied fields. These microdiscs offer an attractive platform for the fabrication of fluid based micro- and nanodevices, and dynamically self assembled complex architectures. PMID:28190886
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JI An-Chun; TIAN Guang-Shan
2006-01-01
In the present paper, we calculate the Gaussian correction to the critical value Jc⊥ caused by quantum spin fluctuation in a two-dimensional spatially anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet with integer spin S. Previously, someauthors computed this quantity by the mean-field theory based on the Schwinger boson representation of spin operators.However, for S = 1, their result is much less than the one derived by numerical calculations. By taking the effect ofquantum spin fluctuation into consideration, we are able to produce a greatly improved result.
Orbital degeneracy removed by charge order in triangular antiferromagnet AgNiO2
Wawrzynska, E.; Coldea, R.; Wheeler, E M; Mazin, I. I.; Johannes, M. D.; Sorgel, T.; Jansen, M; Ibberson, R. M.; Radaelli, P. G.
2007-01-01
We report a high-resolution neutron diffraction study on the orbitally-degenerate spin-1/2 hexagonal antiferromagnet AgNiO2. A structural transition to a tripled unit cell with expanded and contracted NiO6 octahedra indicates root(3) x root(3) charge order on the Ni triangular lattice. This suggests charge order as a possible mechanism of lifting the orbital degeneracy in the presence of charge fluctuations, as an alternative to Jahn-Teller distortions. A novel magnetic ground state is observ...
Wawrzynska, E.; Coldea, R.; Wheeler, E M; Sorgel, T.; Jansen, M; Ibberson, R. M.; Radaelli, P. G.; Koza, M. M.
2007-01-01
We report a high-resolution neutron diffraction study of the crystal and magnetic structure of the orbitally-degenerate frustrated metallic magnet AgNiO2. At high temperatures the structure is hexagonal with a single crystallographic Ni site, low-spin Ni3+ with spin-1/2 and two-fold orbital degeneracy, arranged in an antiferromagnetic triangular lattice with frustrated spin and orbital order. A structural transition occurs upon cooling below 365 K to a tripled hexagonal unit cell containing t...
Antiferromagnetic resonance in the Mott insulator fcc-Cs3C60.
Suzuki, Yuta; Shibasaki, Seiji; Kubozono, Yoshihiro; Kambe, Takashi
2013-09-11
The magnetic ground state of the fcc phase of the Mott insulator Cs3C60 was studied using a low-temperature electron spin resonance technique, and antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) below 1.57 K was directly observed at ambient pressure. The AFMR modes for the fcc phase of Cs3C60 were investigated using a conventional two-sublattice model with uniaxial anisotropy, and the spin-flop field was determined to be 4.7 kOe at 1.57 K. The static magnetic exchange interactions and anisotropy field for fcc-Cs3C60 were also estimated.
Oxygen-induced immediate onset of the antiferromagnetic stacking in thin Cr films on Fe(001)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Berti, Giulia, E-mail: giulia.berti@polimi.it; Brambilla, Alberto; Calloni, Alberto; Bussetti, Gianlorenzo; Finazzi, Marco; Duò, Lamberto; Ciccacci, Franco [Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milano (Italy)
2015-04-20
We investigated the magnetic coupling of ultra-thin Cr films grown at 600 K on a Fe(001)-p(1 × 1)O substrate by means of spin-polarized photoemission spectroscopy. Our findings show that the expected antiferromagnetic stacking of the magnetization in Cr(001) layers occurs right from the first atomic layer at the Cr/Fe interface. This is at variance with all previous observations in similar systems, prepared in oxygen-free conditions, which always reported on a delayed onset of the magnetic oscillations due to the occurrence of significant chemical alloying at the interface, which is substantially absent in our preparation.
Vemulkar, T.; Welbourne, E. N.; Mansell, R.; Petit, D. C. M. C.; Cowburn, R. P.
2017-01-01
In this article, we demonstrate the magneto-mechanic behavior in a fluid environment of perpendicularly magnetized microdiscs with antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling. When suspended in a fluid and under the influence of a simple uniaxial applied magnetic field sequence, the microdiscs mechanically rotate to access the magnetic saturation processes that are either that of the easy axis, hard axis, or in-between the two, in order to lower their energy. Further, these transitions enable the magnetic particles to form reconfigurable magnetic chains, and transduce torque from uniaxial applied fields. These microdiscs offer an attractive platform for the fabrication of fluid based micro- and nanodevices, and dynamically self assembled complex architectures.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yu Shiratsuchi
2015-11-01
Full Text Available By using focused soft X-rays, magnetic domain imaging based on X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD measurements was performed on a Pt/Co/Cr2O3/Pt film that exhibits both perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and perpendicular exchange anisotropy. In the AC-demagnetized state, spatial distributions of the XMCD corresponding to the magnetic domains were clearly observed. In particular, ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic magnetic domains were separately observed by tuning the photon energy to either the ferromagnetic Co L3 edge or the antiferromagnetic Cr L3 edge. The ferromagnetic domain pattern is similar to the ones previously reported for Co/Pt multilayers, and the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic domains are spatially coupled. The magnetization curve measured after cooling the sample, while maintaining the demagnetized state, exhibited positive and negative exchange biases simultaneously, which suggests that the exchange bias is determined on a domain-by-domain basis.
Tas, M.; Şaşıoǧlu, E.; Friedrich, C.; Blügel, S.; Galanakis, I.
2017-02-01
Antiferromagnetic spintronics is an on-going growing field of research. Employing both standard density functional theory and the GW approximation within the framework of the full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method, we study the electronic and magnetic properties of seven potential antiferromagnetic semiconducting Heusler compounds with 18 (or 28 when Zn is present) valence electrons per unit cell. We show that in these compounds G-type antiferromagnetism is the ground state and that they are all either semiconductors (Cr2ScP, Cr2TiZn, V2ScP, V2TiSi, and V3Al) or semimetals (Mn2MgZn and Mn2NaAl). The many-body corrections have a minimal effect on the electronic band structure with respect to the standard electronic structure calculations.
Laguta, V. V.; Stephanovich, V. A.; Raevski, I. P.; Raevskaya, S. I.; Titov, V. V.; Smotrakov, V. G.; Eremkin, V. V.
2017-01-01
Antiferromagnets (AFMs) are presently considered as promising materials for applications in spintronics and random access memories due to the robustness of information stored in the AFM state against perturbing magnetic fields. In this respect, AFM multiferroics may be attractive alternatives for conventional AFMs as the coupling of magnetism with ferroelectricity (magnetoelectric effect) offers an elegant possibility of electric-field control and switching of AFM domains. Here we report the results of comprehensive experimental and theoretical investigations of the quadratic magnetoelectric (ME) effect in single crystals and highly resistive ceramics of Pb (F e1 /2N b1 /2)O3 (PFN) and (1 -x ) Pb (F e1 /2N b1 /2) O3-x PbTi O3(PFN -x PT ) . We are interested primarily in the temperature range of the multiferroic phase, T <150 K , where the ME coupling coefficient is extremely large (as compared to the well-known multiferroic BiFe O3 ) and shows sign reversal at the paramagnetic-to-antiferromagnetic phase transition. Moreover, we observe strong ME response nonlinearity in the AFM phase in the magnetic fields of only a few kOe. To describe the temperature and magnetic field dependencies of the above unusual features of the ME effect in PFN and PFN-x PT , we use a simple phenomenological Landau approach which explains experimental data surprisingly well. Our ME measurements demonstrate that the electric field of only 20-25 kV/cm is able to switch the AFM domains and align them with ferroelectric ones even in PFN ceramic samples.
Classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a garnet lattice: A Monte Carlo simulation
Petrenko, O. A.; Paul, D. McK.
2001-01-01
We have studied a classical antiferromagnet on a garnet lattice by means of Monte Carlo simulations in an attempt to examine the role of geometrical frustration in gadolinium gallium garnet Gd3Ga5O12 (GGG). Low-temperature specific heat, magnetization, susceptibility, the autocorrelation function A(t), and the neutron scattering function S(Q) have been calculated for several models including different types of magnetic interactions and with the presence of an external magnetic field applied along the principal symmetry axes. A model, which includes only nearest-neighbor exchange J1, neither orders down to the lowest temperature nor does it show any tendency towards forming a short-range coplanar spin structure. This model, however, does demonstrate a magnetic field induced ordering below T~0.01J1. In order to reproduce the experimentally observed properties of GGG, the simulated model must include nearest-neighbor exchange interactions and also dipolar forces. The presence of weak next-to-nearest exchange interactions is found to be insignificant. In zero field S(Q) exhibits diffuse magnetic scattering around positions in reciprocal space where antiferromagnetic Bragg peaks appear in an applied magnetic field.
Frustrated antiferromagnet YbAgGe under magnetic fields and pressures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kubo, Hirokazu; Umeo, Kazunori; Takabatake, Toshiro [ADSM, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8530 (Japan); Katoh, Kenichi [Department of Applied Physics, National Defense Academy, Yokosuka 239-8686 (Japan); Ochiai, Akira, E-mail: khirokazu@hiroshima-u.ac.j [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)
2010-01-15
We present a detailed study of the field (B)- temperature (T) phase diagram under pressures (P) up to 2.7 GPa for the heavy-fermion antiferromagnet YbAgGe that crystallizes in the hexagonal ZrNiAl-type structure with a quasi-kagome lattice of Yb ions. This compound undergoes two magnetic transitions at T{sub M1} = 0.8 K and T{sub M2} = 0.65 K in zero field at ambient pressure. In the ground state, M(B) shows a metamagnetic transition at B{sub M} = 4.6 T for the easy magnetization direction B || a. This transition field decreases to 3.3 T as P is increased to 2.2 GPa. At 2.7 GPa, {rho}(B) exhibits successive transitions at 5.0, 6.0, 7.5, and 9.0 T. On the other hand, for the hard direction B || c, T{sub M} increases with applied field in the P range above 0.5 GPa. This increase of T{sub M}(B) is opposite to the decrease of T{sub M}(B) for a conventional antiferromagnetic phase. These findings suggest that the application of pressure releases in part the magnetic frustration in YbAgGe.
Order and excitations in large-S kagome-lattice antiferromagnets
Chernyshev, A. L.; Zhitomirsky, M. E.
2015-10-01
We systematically investigate the ground-state and the spectral properties of antiferromagnets on a kagomé lattice with several common types of the planar anisotropy: X X Z , single-ion, and out-of-plane Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya. Our main focus is on the role of nonlinear, anharmonic terms, which are responsible for the quantum order-by-disorder effect and for the corresponding selection of the ground-state spin structure in many of these models. The X X Z and the single-ion anisotropy models exhibit a quantum phase transition between the q =0 and the √{3 }×√{3 } states as a function of the anisotropy parameter, offering a rare example of the quantum order-by-disorder fluctuations favoring a ground state which is different from the one selected by thermal fluctuations. The nonlinear terms are also shown to be crucial for a very strong near-resonant decay phenomenon leading to the quasiparticle breakdown in the kagomé-lattice antiferromagnets whose spectra are featuring flat or weakly dispersive modes. The effect is shown to persist even in the limit of large spin values and should be common to other frustrated magnets with flat branches of excitations. Model calculations of the spectrum of the S =5 /2 Fe-jarosite with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya anisotropy provide a convincing and detailed characterization of the proposed scenario.
Anisotropic spin model of strong spin-orbit-coupled triangular antiferromagnets
Li, Yao-Dong; Wang, Xiaoqun; Chen, Gang
2016-07-01
Motivated by the recent experimental progress on the strong spin-orbit-coupled rare-earth triangular antiferromagnet, we analyze the highly anisotropic spin model that describes the interaction between the spin-orbit-entangled Kramers' doublet local moments on the triangular lattice. We apply the Luttinger-Tisza method, the classical Monte Carlo simulation, and the self-consistent spin wave theory to analyze the anisotropic spin Hamiltonian. The classical phase diagram includes the 120∘ state and two distinct stripe-ordered phases. The frustration is very strong and significantly suppresses the ordering temperature in the regimes close to the phase boundary between two ordered phases. Going beyond the semiclassical analysis, we include the quantum fluctuations of the spin moments within a self-consistent Dyson-Maleev spin-wave treatment. We find that the strong quantum fluctuations melt the magnetic order in the frustrated regions. We explore the magnetic excitations in the three different ordered phases as well as in strong magnetic fields. Our results provide a guidance for the future theoretical study of the generic model and are broadly relevant for strong spin-orbit-coupled triangular antiferromagnets such as YbMgGaO4, RCd3P3 , RZn3P3 , RCd3As3 , RZn3As3 , and R2O2CO3 .
Antiferromagnetic Ising spin glass competing with BCS pairing interaction in a transverse field
Magalhães, S. G.; Zimmer, F. M.; Kipper, C. J.; Calegari, E. J.
2006-07-01
The competition among spin glass (SG), antiferromagnetism (AF) and local pairing superconductivity (PAIR) is studied in a two-sublattice fermionic Ising spin glass model with a local BCS pairing interaction in the presence of an applied magnetic transverse field Γ. In the present approach, spins in different sublattices interact with a Gaussian random coupling with an antiferromagnetic mean J0 and standard deviation J. The problem is formulated in the path integral formalism in which spin operators are represented by bilinear combinations of Grassmann variables. The saddle-point Grand Canonical potential is obtained within the static approximation and the replica symmetric ansatz. The results are analysed in phase diagrams in which the AF and the SG phases can occur for small g (g is the strength of the local superconductor coupling written in units of J), while the PAIR phase appears as unique solution for large g. However, there is a complex line transition separating the PAIR phase from the others. It is second order at high temperature that ends in a tricritical point. The quantum fluctuations affect deeply the transition lines and the tricritical point due to the presence of Γ.
Phase Diagram in a Random Mixture of Two Antiferromagnets with Competing Spin Anisotropies. I
Someya, Yoshiko
1981-12-01
The phase diagram of a random mixture of two antiferromagnets with competing spin anisotropies (A1-xBx) has been analyzed by extending the theory of Matsubara and Inawashiro, and Oguchi and Ishikawa. In the model assumed, the anisotropy energies are expressed by the anisotropic exchange interactions. According to this formulation, it has been shown that the concentration dependence of TN becomes a function of \\includegraphics{dummy.eps}, where P, Q=A, B; SP is a magnitude of P-spin, and JPQη is a η component of exchange integral between P- and Q-spin). Further, the phase boundary between an AF phase and an OAF (oblique antiferromagnetic) phase at T{=}0 K has been shown to be determined by α({\\equiv}SB/SA), if \\includegraphics{dummy.eps} are given. The obtained phase diagrams for Fe1-xCoxCl2, K2Mn1-xFexF4 and Fe1-xCoxCl2\\cdot2H2O are compared with the experimental ones.
Qin, Yanqi; Normand, Bruce; Sandvik, Anders; Meng, Zi Yang
We investigate the quantum phase transition in an S=1/2 dimerized Heisenberg antiferromagnet in three spatial dimensions. By means of quantum Monte Carlo simulations and finite-size scaling analyses, we get high-precision results for the quantum critical properties at the transition from the magnetically disordered dimer-singlet phase to the ordered Neel phase. This transition breaks O(N) symmetry with N=3 in D=3+1 dimensions. This is the upper critical dimension, where multiplicative logarithmic corrections to the leading mean-field critical properties are expected; we extract these corrections, establishing their precise forms for both the zero-temperature staggered magnetization, ms, and the Neel temperature, TN. We present a scaling ansatz for TN, including logarithmic corrections, which agrees with our data and indicates exact linearity with ms, implying a complete decoupling of quantum and thermal fluctuation effects close to the quantum critical point. These logarithmic scaling forms have not previously identified or verified by unbiased numerical methods and we discuss their relevance to experimental studies of dimerized quantum antiferromagnets such as TlCuCl3. Ref.: arXiv:1506.06073
Long, Jérôme; Habib, Fatemah; Lin, Po-Heng; Korobkov, Ilia; Enright, Gary; Ungur, Liviu; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Chibotaru, Liviu F; Murugesu, Muralee
2011-04-13
A family of five dinuclear lanthanide complexes has been synthesized with general formula [Ln(III)(2)(valdien)(2)(NO(3))(2)] where (H(2)valdien = N1,N3-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)diethylenetriamine) and Ln(III) = Eu(III)1, Gd(III)2, Tb(III)3, Dy(III)4, and Ho(III)5. The magnetic investigations reveal that 4 exhibits single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior with an anisotropic barrier U(eff) = 76 K. The step-like features in the hysteresis loops observed for 4 reveal an antiferromagnetic exchange coupling between the two dysprosium ions. Ab initio calculations confirm the weak antiferromagnetic interaction with an exchange constant J(Dy-Dy) = -0.21 cm(-1). The observed steps in the hysteresis loops correspond to a weakly coupled system similar to exchange-biased SMMs. The Dy(2) complex is an ideal candidate for the elucidation of slow relaxation of the magnetization mechanism seen in lanthanide systems.
Vinit, A.; Raman, C.
2017-01-01
We have experimentally investigated the quench dynamics of antiferromagnetic spinor Bose-Einstein condensates in the vicinity of a zero temperature quantum phase transition at zero quadratic Zeeman shift q . The rate of instability shows good agreement with predictions based upon solutions to the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations. A key feature of this work was removal of magnetic field inhomogeneities, resulting in a steep change in behavior near the transition point. The quadratic Zeeman shift at the transition point was resolved to 250 mHz uncertainty, equivalent to an energy resolution of kB× (12 pK). A small (2-3 σ ) shift of the transition point was observed, from q =0 to q =+650 mHz, whose physical mechanism is currently unknown. In this work, we demonstrate a sub-Hz precision measurement of a phase transition in quantum gases. It paves the way toward observing shifts of the transition point due to finite particle number N that scale as 1 /N , and also to potential Heisenberg limited spectroscopy with antiferromagnetic spinor gases [L.-N. Wu and L. You, Phys. Rev. A 93, 033608 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevA.93.033608].
Critical Space-Time Networks and Geometric Phase Transitions from Frustrated Edge Antiferromagnetism
Trugenberger, Carlo A
2015-01-01
Recently I proposed a simple dynamical network model for discrete space-time which self-organizes as a graph with Hausdorff dimension d_H=4. The model has a geometric quantum phase transition with disorder parameter (d_H-d_s) where d_s is the spectral dimension of the dynamical graph. Self-organization in this network model is based on a competition between a ferromagnetic Ising model for vertices and an antiferromagnetic Ising model for edges. In this paper I solve a toy version of this model defined on a bipartite graph in the mean field approximation. I show that the geometric phase transition corresponds exactly to the antiferromagnetic transition for edges, the dimensional disorder parameter of the former being mapped to the staggered magnetization order parameter of the latter. The model has a critical point with long-range correlations between edges, where a continuum random geometry can be defined, exactly as in Kazakov's famed 2D random lattice Ising model but now in any number of dimensions.
Temperature-dependent striped antiferromagnetism of LaFeAsO in a Green's function approach.
Liu, Gui-Bin; Liu, Bang-Gui
2009-05-13
We use a Green's function method to study the temperature-dependent average moment and magnetic phase-transition temperature of the striped antiferromagnetism of LaFeAsO, and other similar compounds, as the parents of FeAs-based superconductors. We consider the nearest and the next-nearest couplings in the FeAs layer, and the nearest coupling for inter-layer spin interaction. The dependence of the transition temperature T(N) and the zero-temperature average spin on the interaction constants is investigated. We obtain an analytical expression for T(N) and determine our temperature-dependent average spin from zero temperature to T(N) in terms of unified self-consistent equations. For LaFeAsO, we obtain a reasonable estimation of the coupling interactions with the experimental transition temperature T(N) = 138 K. Our results also show that a non-zero antiferromagnetic (AFM) inter-layer coupling is essential for the existence of a non-zero T(N), and the many-body AFM fluctuations reduce substantially the low-temperature magnetic moment per Fe towards the experimental value. Our Green's function approach can be used for other FeAs-based parent compounds and these results should be useful to understand the physical properties of FeAs-based superconductors.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘芬芬; 张勇; 袁峰; 夏临华
2012-01-01
The two dimensions hole-doped t-t ＇-J-U model was studied based on the Gutzwiller approach and the renormalized mean-field theory.The phase diagrams of gossamer superconductors and the effects of the next-nearestneighbor hopping（t ＇） on superconductivity and antiferromagnetism based on the t-t ＇-J-U model were investigated.The results show that the qualitative feature of the phase diagrams in the t-t ＇-J-U model is the same as in the case of the t-J-U model.The antiferromagnetic order coexists with the d-wave superconductivity（dSC） in the underdoped region below the doping δ≈ 0.1 and is enhanced by the t ＇.The dSC order is slightly suppressed by t ＇ in the underdoped region and greatly enhanced in the overdoped region.The dSC order is pushed to a larger doping region and the coexistence region of the AF and dSC extends to higher doping.
Quantum critical response function in quasi-two-dimensional itinerant antiferromagnets
Varma, C. M.; Zhu, Lijun; Schröder, Almut
2015-10-01
We reexamine the experimental results for the magnetic response function χ''(q ,E ,T ) for q around the antiferromagnetic vectors Q , in the quantum-critical region, obtained by inelastic neutron scattering, on an Fe-based superconductor and on a heavy-fermion compound. The motivation is to compare the results with a recent theory, which shows that the fluctuations in a generic antiferromagnetic model for itinerant fermions map to those in the universality class of the dissipative quantum-XY model. The quantum-critical fluctuations in this model, in a range of parameters, are given by the correlations of spatial and temporal topological defects. The theory predicts a χ''(q ,E ,T ) (i) which is a separable function of (q -Q ) and of (E ,T ) , (ii) at criticality, the energy-dependent part is ∝tanh(E /2 T ) below a cutoff energy, (iii) the correlation time departs from its infinite value at criticality on the disordered side by an essential singularity, and (iv) the correlation length depends logarithmically on the correlation time, so that the dynamical critical exponent z is ∞ . The limited existing experimental results are found to be consistent with the first two unusual predictions from which the linear dependence of the resistivity on T and the T lnT dependence of the entropy also follow. More experiments are suggested, especially to test the theory of variations on the correlation time and length on the departure from criticality.
Coalescence-driven magnetic order of the uncompensated antiferromagnetic Co doped ZnO
Ney, V.; Henne, B.; Lumetzberger, J.; Wilhelm, F.; Ollefs, K.; Rogalev, A.; Kovacs, A.; Kieschnick, M.; Ney, A.
2016-12-01
The evolution of the structural and magnetic properties of Co doped ZnO has been investigated over an unprecedented concentration range above the coalescence limit. ZnO films with Co concentrations from 20% to 60% of the cationic lattice have been grown by reactive magnetron sputtering. The wurtzite crystal structure was maintained even for these high dopant concentrations. By measuring the x-ray absorption at the near edge and the linear and circular dichroism of the films at the Zn and Co K edge, it could be shown that Co substitutes predominantly for Zn in the lattice. No indications of metallic Co have been found in the samples. At low Co concentrations, the films are paramagnetic, but with increasing Co content, the films become antiferromagnetically ordered with increasing order temperature. Uncompensated spins, coupled to the antiferromagnetic dopant configurations, lead to a vertical exchange-bias-like effect, which increases with increasing Co concentration. In parallel, the single-ion anisotropy is gradually lost.
Margaris, G.; Vasilakaki, M.; Peddis, D.; Trohidou, K. N.; Laureti, S.; Binns, C.; Agostinelli, E.; Rinaldi, D.; Mathieu, R.; Fiorani, D.
2017-01-01
In nanoparticle systems consisting of two magnetic materials (bi-magnetic nanoparticles or nanoparticles embedded in a magnetic matrix), there is a constantly growing interest in the investigation of the interplay between interparticle interactions and the nanoparticle-matrix interface exchange coupling, because of its enormous impact on a number of technological applications. The understanding of the mechanisms of such interplay is a great challenge, as it would allow controlling equilibrium and non-equilibrium magnetization dynamics of exchange coupled nanoparticles systems and finely tuning their anisotropy. Here, we provide evidence that this interplay leads to a collective superspin glass (SSG) behavior in a system of diluted ferromagnetic (FM) nanoparticles embedded in an antiferromagnetic (AFM) matrix (5% volume fraction of Co particles in Mn film matrix). We have developed a novel mesoscopic model to study the influence of interparticle interaction on the exchange bias (EB) and the dynamical behavior of assemblies of FM nanoparticles embedded in a granular AFM matrix. Our mesoscopic model is based on reducing the amount of simulated spins to the minimum number necessary to describe the magnetic structure of the system and introducing the adequate exchange parameters between the different spins. The model replicates remarkably well the observed static and dynamical SSG properties as well as the EB behavior. In addition, the proposed model well explains the role of the significant Co/Mn alloying and of the granularity of the matrix in mediating interparticle interactions through exchange and dipole-dipole coupling between the uncompensated moments of its grains and the exchange interaction at the Co/Mn interface.
Long-range antiferromagnetic order in the S=1 chain compound LiVGe{sub 2}O{sub 6}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lumsden, M. D.; Granroth, G. E.; Mandrus, D.; Nagler, S. E.; Thompson, J. R.; Castellan, J. P.; Gaulin, B. D.
2000-10-01
The phase transition in the compound LiVGe{sub 2}O{sub 6} has been proposed as a unique example of a spin-Peierls transition in an S=1 antiferromagnetic chain. We report neutron- and x-ray-diffraction measurements of LiVGe{sub 2}O{sub 6} above and below the phase transition at T=24 K. No evidence is seen for any structural distortion associated with the transition. The neutron results indicate that the low-temperature state is antiferromagnetic, driven by ferromagnetic interchain couplings.
Wills, A. S.; Zhitomirsky, M. E.; Canals, B.; Sanchez, J. P.; Bonville, P.; Dalmas de Réotier, P.; Yaouanc, A.
2006-01-01
Low-temperature powder neutron diffraction measurements are performed in the ordered magnetic state of the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Sn2O7. Symmetry analysis of the diffraction data indicates that this compound has the ground state predicted theoretically for a Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet with dipolar interactions. The difference in the magnetic structure of Gd2Sn2O7 andof nominally analogous Gd2Ti2O7 is found to be determined by a specific type of third-neighbour superexchange interaction on the pyrochlore lattice between spins across empty hexagons.
Yasuda, Chitoshi; Todo, Synge; Matsumoto, Munehisa; Takayama, Hajime
2002-01-01
Dilution effects on spin-1/2 quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets with a non-magnetic spin-gapped ground state are studied by means of the qunatum Monte Carlo simulation. In the site-diluted system, an antiferromagnetic long-range order (AF-LRO) is induced at an infinitesimal concentration of dilution due to an effective coupling $\\tilde{J}_{mn}$ between induced magnetic moments. In the bond-diluted case, on the other hand, the AF-LRO is not induced up to a certain concentration of dilution du...
Dielectric relaxation and anti-ferromagnetic coupling of BiEuO{sub 3} and BiGdO{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saha, Sujoy, E-mail: sahasujoy3@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India); Chanda, Sadhan; Dutta, Alo [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India); Kumar, Uday [Department of Physical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Mohanpur 741252 (India); Ranjan, Rajeev [Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Sinha, T.P. [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India)
2014-06-01
BiEuO{sub 3} (BE) and BiGdO{sub 3} (BG) are synthesized by the solid-state reaction technique. Rietveld refinement of the X-ray diffraction data shows that the samples are crystallized in cubic phase at room temperature having Fm3m symmetry with the lattice parameters of 5.4925(2) and 5.4712(2) Å for BE and BG, respectively. Raman spectra of the samples are investigated to obtain the phonon modes of the samples. The dielectric properties of the samples are investigated in the frequency range from 42 Hz to 1.1 MHz and in the temperature range from 303 K to 673 K. An analysis of the real and imaginary parts of impedance is performed assuming a distribution of relaxation times as confirmed by the Cole–Cole plots. The frequency-dependent maxima in the loss tangent are found to obey an Arrhenius law with activation energy ∼1 eV for both the samples. The frequency-dependent electrical data are also analyzed in the framework of conductivity formalism. Magnetization of the samples are measured under the field cooled (FC) and zero field cooled (ZFC) modes in the temperature range from 5 K to 300 K applying a magnetic field of 500 Oe. The FC and ZFC susceptibilities show that BE is a Van Vleck paramagnetic material with antiferromagnetic coupling at low temperature whereas BG is an anti-ferromagnetic system. The results are substantiated by the M–H loops of the materials taken at 5 K in the ZFC mode. - Highlights: • BiEuO{sub 3} (BE) and BiGdO{sub 3} (BG) are synthesized by the solid-state reaction technique. • Raman spectra of the samples show five vibrational modes for both the samples. • Cole–Cole model is used to explain the dielectric relaxation in the material. • The activation energy of the material is found to be ∼1 eV.
NaSrMn2F7, NaCaFe2F7, and NaSrFe2F7: novel single crystal pyrochlore antiferromagnets
Sanders, M. B.; Krizan, J. W.; Plumb, K. W.; McQueen, T. M.; Cava, R. J.
2017-02-01
The crystal structures and magnetic properties of three previously unreported A2B2F7 pyrochlore materials, NaSrMn2F7, NaCaFe2F7, and NaSrFe2F7 are presented. In these compounds, either S = 2Fe2+ or S = 5/2Mn2+ is on the B site, while nonmagnetic Na and Ca (Na and Sr) are disordered on the A site. The materials, which were grown as crystals via the floating zone method, display high effective magnetic moments and large Curie-Weiss thetas. Despite these characteristics, no ordering transition is detected. However, freezing of the magnetic spins, characterized by peaks in the susceptibility or specific heat, is observed at very low temperatures. The empirical frustration index, f = -θ CW/T f, for the materials are 36 (NaSrMn2F7), 27 (NaSrFe2F7), and 19 (NaCaFe2F7). AC susceptibility, DC susceptibility, and heat capacity measurements are used to characterize the observed spin glass behavior. The results suggest that the compounds are frustrated pyrochlore antiferromagnets with weak bond disorder. The magnetic phenomena that these fluoride pyrochlores exhibit, in addition to their availability as relatively large single crystals, make them promising candidates for the study of geometric magnetic frustration.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Malik, Muhammad Imran; Sun, Ying; Wang, Lei; Deng, Sihao; Shi, Kewen; Hu, Pengwei; Lu, Huiqing; Wang, Cong, E-mail: congwang@buaa.edu.cn
2016-05-01
The Cr doping effect on the lattice and magnetic properties in Mn{sub 3−x}Cr{sub x}ZnN was reported in the antiferromagnetic intermetallic host material Mn{sub 3}ZnN. The lattice parameter decreases with the increase of the Cr concentration. Measurements of magnetization from 10 K to 350 K reveal that sharp antiferromagnetic (AFM)-to-paramagnetic (PM) transitions of the host material exist at 185 K (ZFC) and 177 K (FC). The peak is broadened clearly as the Cr doping was increased and when the Cr concentration exceeded 0.3, a significant ferromagnetic (FM) character was found to coexist with an AFM phase. At x=0.4 and 0.5, the M–H curves exhibit small magnetic hysteresis loop, indicating the dominant FM interactions in these samples. Also, a positive value of Weiss Temperature (Θ{sub W}) at x=0.5 in H/M–T plot suggests that the FM interaction is dominant when the Cr doping increases.
Horio, M; Adachi, T; Mori, Y; Takahashi, A; Yoshida, T; Suzuki, H; Ambolode, L C C; Okazaki, K; Ono, K; Kumigashira, H; Anzai, H; Arita, M; Namatame, H; Taniguchi, M; Ootsuki, D; Sawada, K; Takahashi, M; Mizokawa, T; Koike, Y; Fujimori, A
2016-01-01
In the hole-doped cuprates, a small number of carriers suppresses antiferromagnetism and induces superconductivity. In the electron-doped cuprates, on the other hand, superconductivity appears only in a narrow window of high-doped Ce concentration after reduction annealing, and strong antiferromagnetic correlation persists in the superconducting phase. Recently, Pr(1.3-x)La0.7Ce(x)CuO4 (PLCCO) bulk single crystals annealed by a protect annealing method showed a high critical temperature of around 27 K for small Ce content down to 0.05. Here, by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements of PLCCO crystals, we observed a sharp quasi-particle peak on the entire Fermi surface without signature of an antiferromagnetic pseudogap unlike all the previous work, indicating a dramatic reduction of antiferromagnetic correlation length and/or of magnetic moments. The superconducting state was found to extend over a wide electron concentration range. The present results fundamentally challenge the long-standing picture on the electronic structure in the electron-doped regime.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shuaibu, A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia and Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Nigerian Defence Academy, P.M.B 2109, Kaduna (Nigeria); Rahman, M. M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Nigerian Defence Academy, P.M.B 2109, Kaduna (Nigeria)
2014-03-05
We study the low temperature behavior of a triangular lattice quantum spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with single-site anisotropy by using coordinate Bethe ansatz method. We compute the standard two-particle Hermitian Hamiltonian, and obtain the eigenfunctions and eigenvalue of the system. The obtained results show a number of advantages in comparison with many results.
Spin dynamics in charge doped antiferromagnets : a Li-7 NMR study in Ni1-xLixO
Tedoldi, F; Marini, S; Corti, M
1997-01-01
The effects of heterovalent substitutions causing itinerant holes in strongly correlated 3d electron systems are studied by means of Li-7 NMR in lithium-doped antiferromagnetic NiO. The spin-lattice relaxation rates, driven by the fluctuation of Ni2+ (S = 1) ions, in the temperature range 10 K
Lorenzana, J.; Eder, R
1997-01-01
We use numerical and analytical results to construct a simple ansatz for the energy dynamical correlation function of the one-dimensional antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model. This is applied to compute the phonon-assisted absorption spectra of magnetic excitations (spinons) in quasi-one-dimensional s
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jiang, Jianzhong; Mørup, Steen
1997-01-01
The influence of the particle size distribution on the ratio of the peak temperature, T-peak, to the blocking temperature, T-Bm, in zero field cooled (ZFD) magnetization curves has studied for both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic particle systems. In both systems the ratio beta=T-peak/T-Bm does...
Magnetic correlations in the 2D S=5/2 honeycomb antiferromagnet MnPS_{3}
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rønnow, H.M.; Wildes, A.R.; Bramwell, S.T.
2000-01-01
MnPS3 is a quasi-2D S = 5/2 antiferromagnet on a honeycomb lattice. Using an energy integrating neutron scattering technique, we have measured the structure factor S(k) of the instantaneous magnetic fluctuations. The temperature dependence of the correlation length xi follows the Kosterlitz...
Antiferromagnetism, crystal fields and hybridisation in UxY1-xPd3 studied by neutron scattering
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bull, M.J.; McEwen, K.A.; Eccleston, R.S.;
1999-01-01
We summarise our UxY1-xPd3 inelastic neutron scattering experiments and present new neutron diffraction results for a single crystal of U0.45Y0.55Pd3. Long-range antiferromagnetic order is unambiguously observed below T-N = 22.5 K. in contrast, no long-range order is found in polycrystalline...
Spin liquid in a single crystal of the frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnet CoAl2O4
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zaharko, O.; Christensen, Niels Bech; Cervellino, A.
2011-01-01
We study the evidence for spin liquid in the frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnet CoAl2O4 by means of single-crystal neutron scattering in zero and applied magnetic fields. The magnetically ordered phase appearing below T-N = 8 K remains nonconventional down to 1.5 K. The magnetic Bragg peaks...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zaharko, O.; Cervellino, A.; Tsurkan, V.
2010-01-01
Using neutron powder diffraction and Monte Carlo simulations we show that a spin-liquid regime emerges at all compositions in the diamond-lattice antiferromagnets Co(Al1−xCox)2O4. This spin-liquid regime induced by frustration due to the second-neighbor exchange coupling J2 is gradually superseded...
Quantum chromodynamics, antiferromagnets and XY models from a unified point of view
Hofmann, Christoph P.
2017-03-01
Antiferromagnets and quantum XY magnets in three space dimensions are described by an effective Lagrangian that exhibits the same structure as the effective Lagrangian of quantum chromodynamics with two light flavors. These systems all share a spontaneously broken internal symmetry O (N) → O (N - 1). Although the respective scales differ by many orders of magnitude, the general structure of the low-temperature expansion of the partition function is the same. In the nonabelian case (N ≥ 3), logarithmic terms of the form T8 ln T emerge at three-loop order, while for N = 2 the series only involves powers of T2. The manifestation of the Goldstone boson interaction in the pressure, order parameter, and susceptibility is explored in presence of an external field.
Pezzini, S.; Cobaleda, C.; Piot, B. A.; Bellani, V.; Diez, E.
2014-09-01
We report on magnetotransport measurements up to 30 T performed on a bilayer graphene Hall bar, enclosed by two thin hexagonal boron nitride flakes. In the quantum Hall regime, our high-mobility sample exhibits an insulating state at the neutrality point which evolves into a metallic phase when a strong in-plane field is applied, as expected for a transition from a canted antiferromagnetic to a ferromagnetic spin-ordered phase. We individuate a temperature-independent crossing in the four-terminal resistance as a function of the total magnetic field, corresponding to the critical point of the transition. We show that the critical field scales linearly with the perpendicular component of the field, as expected from the underlying competition between the Zeeman energy and interaction-induced anisotropies. A clear scaling of the resistance is also found and a universal behavior is proposed in the vicinity of the transition.
Surface and step dynamics of a semi-infinite insulating antiferromagnet system
Tamine, M
2003-01-01
We have carried out a theoretical study of the localized spin-wave modes near the surface step of the insulating Heisenberg antiferromagnet. In this work, we study the full magnetic problem arising from the absence of translational symmetry due to the presence of a magnetic surface and step. The calculation concerns in particular the spin fluctuation dynamics and employs the matching procedure in the random-phase approximation. Only the nearest neighbours exchange interactions are considered between the spins in the model. The analytical formalism presented here determines the bulk and evanescent spin fluctuation fields in the two-dimensional plane normal to the surface and step regions. The results are used to calculate the localized modes of magnons associated with the step and surface terraces. The present model may be generalized to treat the spin fluctuations dynamics of other extended surface imperfections or nanostructures, provided they preserve the translation symmetry of the ordered spins along a di...
Magnetic phase diagram of the antiferromagnetic pyrochlore Gd2 Ti2 O7
Petrenko, O. A.; Lees, M. R.; Balakrishnan, G.; Paul, D. Mck
2004-07-01
Gd2Ti2O7 is a highly frustrated antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice, where apart from the Heisenberg exchange the spins also interact via dipole-dipole forces. We report on low-temperature specific heat measurements performed on single crystals of Gd2Ti2O7 for three different directions of an applied magnetic field. The measurements reveal the strongly anisotropic behavior of Gd2Ti2O7 in a magnetic field despite the apparent absence of a significant single-ion anisotropy for Gd3+ . The H-T phase diagrams are constructed for H∥[111] , H∥[110] , and H∥[112] . The results indicate that further theoretical work beyond a simple mean-field model is required.
Spin-Ice State of the Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Pyrochlore Lattice.
Huang, Yuan; Chen, Kun; Deng, Youjin; Prokof'ev, Nikolay; Svistunov, Boris
2016-04-29
We study the low-temperature physics of the SU(2)-symmetric spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice and find "fingerprint" evidence for the thermal spin-ice state in this frustrated quantum magnet. Our conclusions are based on the results of bold diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations, with good convergence of the skeleton series down to the temperature T/J=1/6. The identification of the spin-ice state is done through a remarkably accurate microscopic correspondence for the static structure factor between the quantum Heisenberg, classical Heisenberg, and Ising models at all accessible temperatures, and the characteristic bowtie pattern with pinch points observed at T/J=1/6. The dynamic structure factor at real frequencies (obtained by the analytic continuation of numerical data) is consistent with diffusive spinon dynamics at the pinch points.
Bond operator theory for the frustrated anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pires, A.S.T., E-mail: antpires@fisica.ufmg.br [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Cp 702, 30123-970 MG (Brazil)
2012-07-15
The quantum anisotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with single ion anisotropy, spin S=1 and up to the next-next-nearest neighbor coupling (the J{sub 1}-J{sub 2}-J{sub 3} model) on a square lattice, is studied using the bond-operator formalism in a mean field approximation. The quantum phase transitions at zero temperature are obtained. The model features a complex T=0 phase diagram, whose ordering vector is subject to quantum corrections with respect to the classical limit. The phase diagram shows a quantum paramagnetic phase situated among Neel, spiral and collinear states. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The quantum phase transition at zero temperature is studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The phase diagram up to the next-next-nearest neighbor coupling is calculated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The energy gap is calculated in several regions of the phase diagram.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Casadei, Cecilia [Univ. of Pavia (Italy)
2011-01-01
The aim of the present thesis is to investigate the local magnetic properties of homometallic Cr_{8} antiferromagnetic (AFM) ring and the changes occurring by replacing one Cr^{3+} ion with diamagnetic Cd^{2+} (Cr_{7}Cd) and with Ni^{2+} (Cr_{7}Ni). In the heterometallic ring a redistribution of the local magnetic moment is expected in the low temperature ground state. We have investigated those changes by both ^{53}Cr-NMR and ^{19}F-NMR. We have determined the order of magnitude of the transferred hyperfine coupling constant ^{19}F - M^{+} where M^{+} = Cr^{3+}, Ni^{2+} in the different rings. This latter result gives useful information about the overlapping of the electronic wavefunctions involved in the coordinative bond.
NMR study of pyrochlore lattice antiferromagnet, melanothallite Cu2OCl2
Nishiyama, Masahide; Oyamada, Akira; Itou, Tetsuaki; Maegawa, Satoru; Okabe, Hirotaka; Akimitsu, Jun
2011-09-01
The melanothallite Cu2OCl2 is a new example of pyrochlore-like antiferromagnet, which is composed of 3d transition metal electrons. We performed Cu- and Cl-NMR experiments on powder samples of Cu2OCl2 below transition temperature TN = 70 K and we observed six resonant peaks of Cu nuclei, which are composed of three symmetric peaks corresponding to 63Cu and three corresponding to 65Cu. The Cu nuclei feel the strong hyperfine fields because of ordered magnetic moments and the electric field gradients. We determined the spin structure by analyzing the Cu-NMR spectra. The melanothallite has an all-in-all-out spin structure. The spin lattice relaxation rates T1-1 of Cu- and Cl-NMR in the ordered phase are proportional to the temperature; This suggests that although long-range ordering occurs at rather high temperature, the large spin fluctuations caused by the geometrical frustration still remain.
Frustration in a transverse Ising nanoisland with an antiferromagnetic spin configuration
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kaneyoshi, T., E-mail: kaneyosi@is.nagoya-u.ac.Jp
2015-09-01
The phase diagrams, saturation magnetizations and temperature dependences of magnetizations in a transverse Ising nanoisland with an antiferromagnetic spin configuration are studied by the uses of the effective-field theory with correlations (EFT) and the mean-field approximation (MFA), in order to clarify whether the MFA can be successfully applied to the theoretical discussions of naonoislands. From these investigations, we have found a lot of unexpected characteristic phenomena in these properties, when the value of an interlayer coupling takes a large value. We have also found that the applications of the MFA to the magnetic properties are extremely restricted for nanoislands, when the value of an interlayer coupling takes a large value, in contrast to a number of bulk studies.
Mandru, Andrada-Oana; Corbett, Joseph P.; Richard, Andrea L.; Gallagher, James; Meng, Keng-Yuan; Ingram, David C.; Yang, Fengyuan; Smith, Arthur R.
2016-10-01
We report structural and magnetic properties of magnetostrictive Fe100 -xGax (x ≈ 15) alloys when deposited onto antiferromagnetic manganese nitride and non-magnetic magnesium oxide substrates. From X-ray diffraction measurements, we find that the FeGa films are single crystalline. Scanning tunneling microscopy imaging reveals that the surface morphologies are dictated by the growth temperature, composition, and substrate. The magnetic properties can be tailored by the substrate, as found by magnetic force microscopy imaging and vibrating sample magnetometry measurements. In addition to pronounced tetragonal deformations, depositing FeGa onto manganese nitride leads to the formation of stripe-like magnetic domain patterns and to the appearance of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy.
Nishimoto, Satoshi; Shibata, Naokazu; Hotta, Chisa
2013-01-01
Quantum spin-1/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is the representative frustrated system possibly hosting a spin liquid. Clarifying the nature of this elusive topological phase is a key challenge in condensed matter; however, even identifying it still remains unsettled. Here we apply a magnetic field and discover a series of spin-gapped phases appearing at five different fractions of magnetization by means of a grand canonical density matrix renormalization group, an unbiased state-of-the-art numerical technique. The magnetic field dopes magnons and first gives rise to a possible Z₃ spin liquid plateau at 1/9 magnetization. Higher field induces a self-organized super-lattice unit, a six-membered ring of quantum spins, resembling an atomic orbital structure. Putting magnons into this unit one by one yields three quantum solid plateaus. We thus find that the magnetic field could control the transition between various emergent phases by continuously releasing the frustration.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
E Ghasemikhah
2012-03-01
Full Text Available This study investigated the electronic properties of antiferromagnetic UBi2 metal by using ab initio calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT, employing the augmented plane waves plus local orbital method. We used the exact exchange for correlated electrons (EECE method to calculate the exchange-correlation energy under a variety of hybrid functionals. Electric field gradients (EFGs at the uranium site in UBi2 compound were calculated and compared with the experiment. The EFGs were predicted experimentally at the U site to be very small in this compound. The EFG calculated by the EECE functional are in agreement with the experiment. The densities of states (DOSs show that 5f U orbital is hybrided with the other orbitals. The plotted Fermi surfaces show that there are two kinds of charges on Fermi surface of this compound.
Tricritical point of the f -electron antiferromagnet US b2 driven by high magnetic fields
Stillwell, R. L.; Liu, I.-L.; Harrison, N.; Jaime, M.; Jeffries, J. R.; Butch, N. P.
2017-01-01
In pulsed magnetic fields up to 65 T and at temperatures below the Néel transition, our magnetization and magnetostriction measurements reveal a field-induced metamagneticlike transition that is suggestive of an antiferromagnetic to ferrimagnetic ordering. Our data also suggest a change in the nature of this metamagneticlike transition from second- to first-order-like near a tricritical point at Ttc˜145 K and Hc˜52 T . At high fields for H >Hc we found a decreased magnetic moment roughly half of the moment determined by neutron powder diffraction. We propose that the decreased moment and lack of saturation at high fields indicate the presence of a field-induced ferrimagnetic state above the tricritical point of the H-T phase diagram for US b2 .
Quantum Chromodynamics, Antiferromagnets and XY Models from a Unified Point of View
Hofmann, Christoph P
2016-01-01
Antiferromagnets and quantum XY magnets in three space dimensions are described by an effective Lagrangian that exhibits the same structure as the effective Lagrangian of quantum chromodynamics with two light flavors. These systems all share a spontaneously broken internal symmetry O($N$) $\\to$ O($N$-1). Although the respective scales differ by many orders of magnitude, the general structure of the low-temperature expansion of the partition function is the same. In the nonabelian case, logarithmic terms of the form $T^8 \\ln T$ emerge at three-loop order, while for $N$=2 the series only involves powers of $T^2$. The manifestation of the Goldstone boson interaction in the pressure, order parameter, and susceptibility is explored in presence of an external field.
Szałowski, Karol; Balcerzak, Tadeusz
2014-09-24
The thermodynamics of a spin-1/2 magnetic multilayer system with antiferromagnetic interplanar couplings is studied using the pair approximation method. Special attention is paid to magnetocaloric properties, quantified by isothermal entropy change. The multilayer consists of two kinds of magnetic planes, one of which is diluted. The intraplanar couplings in both planes have arbitrary anisotropy ranging between Ising and isotropic Heisenberg interactions. The phase diagram related to the occurrence of magnetic compensation phenomenon is constructed and discussed. Then the isothermal entropy change is discussed as a function of interaction parameters, magnetic component concentration and external magnetic field amplitude. The ranges of normal and inverse magnetocaloric effect are found and related to the presence or absence of compensation.
Dipolar order by disorder in the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice.
Chern, Gia-Wei; Moessner, R
2013-02-15
Ever since the experiments which founded the field of highly frustrated magnetism, the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has been the archetypical setting for the study of fluctuation induced exotic ordering. To this day the nature of its classical low-temperature state has remained a mystery: the nonlinear nature of the fluctuations around the exponentially numerous harmonically degenerate ground states has not permitted a controlled theory, while its complex energy landscape has precluded numerical simulations at low temperature, T. Here we present an efficient Monte Carlo algorithm which removes the latter obstacle. Our simulations detect a low-temperature regime in which correlations asymptote to a remarkably small value as T→0. Feeding these results into an effective model and analyzing the results in the framework of an appropriate field theory implies the presence of long-range dipolar spin order with a tripled unit cell.
Spin-Ice State of the Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Pyrochlore Lattice
Huang, Yuan; Chen, Kun; Deng, Youjin; Prokof'ev, Nikolay; Svistunov, Boris
2016-04-01
We study the low-temperature physics of the SU(2)-symmetric spin-1 /2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice and find "fingerprint" evidence for the thermal spin-ice state in this frustrated quantum magnet. Our conclusions are based on the results of bold diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations, with good convergence of the skeleton series down to the temperature T /J =1 /6 . The identification of the spin-ice state is done through a remarkably accurate microscopic correspondence for the static structure factor between the quantum Heisenberg, classical Heisenberg, and Ising models at all accessible temperatures, and the characteristic bowtie pattern with pinch points observed at T /J =1 /6 . The dynamic structure factor at real frequencies (obtained by the analytic continuation of numerical data) is consistent with diffusive spinon dynamics at the pinch points.
Anomalous curie response of impurities in quantum-critical spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnets.
Höglund, Kaj H; Sandvik, Anders W
2007-07-13
We consider a magnetic impurity in two different S=1/2 Heisenberg bilayer antiferromagnets at their respective critical interlayer couplings separating Néel and disordered ground states. We calculate the impurity susceptibility using a quantum Monte Carlo method. With intralayer couplings in only one of the layers (Kondo lattice), we observe an anomalous Curie constant C*, as predicted on the basis of field-theoretical work [S. Sachdev, Science 286, 2479 (1999)10.1126/science.286.5449.2479]. The value C* = 0.262 +/- 0.002 is larger than the normal Curie constant C=S(S+1)/3. Our low-temperature results for a symmetric bilayer are consistent with a universal C*.
Coupling-induced ferromagnetic transitions in ferroelectromagnets of weak antiferromagnetic order
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Qichang; LIU Junming
2006-01-01
A Monte-Carlo simulation on phase transitions in ferroelectromagnets (FEMs) in which a weak antiferromagnetic ordering occurs at the Neel point TN far below the ferroelectric ordering point TE was performed. It is revealed that an intrinsic coupling between spins and electric-dipoles ( mp -coupling) does result in a weak ferromagnetic transition from the paramagnetic state at a temperature far above TN, as long as the coupling is strong enough. The magnetoelectric properties as a function of temperature, mp -coupling strength and external electric and magnetic fields were investigated. A mean-field calculation based on the Heisenberg model was performed and a rough consistency between the simulated and calculated ferromagnetic transitions was shown.
Jia, C. J.; Nowadnick, E. A.; Wohlfeld, K.; Kung, Y. F.; Chen, C.-C.; Johnston, S.; Tohyama, T.; Moritz, B.; Devereaux, T. P.
2014-02-01
How coherent quasiparticles emerge by doping quantum antiferromagnets is a key question in correlated electron systems, whose resolution is needed to elucidate the phase diagram of copper oxides. Recent resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) experiments in hole-doped cuprates have purported to measure high-energy collective spin excitations that persist well into the overdoped regime and bear a striking resemblance to those found in the parent compound, challenging the perception that spin excitations should weaken with doping and have a diminishing effect on superconductivity. Here we show that RIXS at the Cu L3-edge indeed provides access to the spin dynamical structure factor once one considers the full influence of light polarization. Further we demonstrate that high-energy spin excitations do not correlate with the doping dependence of Tc, while low-energy excitations depend sensitively on doping and show ferromagnetic correlations. This suggests that high-energy spin excitations are marginal to pairing in cuprate superconductors.
Two-dimensional-lattice spin models with long-range antiferromagnetic interactions
Romano, S.
1991-10-01
We consider a classical system, consisting of m-component unit vectors (m=2,3), associated with a two-dimensional lattice \\{uk||k∈openZ2\\} and interacting via translationally and rotationally invariant antiferromagnetic pair potentials of the long-range form W=Wjk=ɛ||xj-xk||-puj.uk, p>2, where ɛ is a positive quantity, setting energy and temperature scales (i.e., T*=kBT/ɛ), and xk are the coordinates of the lattice sites. A spin-wave approach predicts orientational disorder (in the thermodynamic limit) at all finite temperatures and for all p>2 this agrees with available rigorous results for p>=4, whereas no such theorems are known in the literature when 22.
Zhang, Yun; Lu, Haiyan; Zhu, Xiegang; Tan, Shiyong; Chen, Qiuyun; Feng, Wei; Xie, Donghua; Luo, Lizhu; Zhang, Wen; Lai, Xinchun; Donglai Feng Team; Huiqiu Yuan Team
One basic concept in heavy fermions systems is the entanglement of localized spin state and itinerant electron state. It can be tuned by two competitive intrinsic mechanisms, Kondo effect and Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction, with external disturbances. The key issue regarding heavy fermions properties is how the two mechanisms work in the same phase region. To investigate the relation of the two mechanisms, the cubic antiferromagnetic heavy fermions compound CeIn3 was investigated by soft x-ray angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The hybridization between f electrons and conduction bands in the paramagnetic state was observed directly, providing compelling evidence for Kondo screening scenario and coexistence of two mechanisms. The hybridization strength shows slight and regular anisotropy in K space, implying that the two mechanisms are competitive and anisotropic. This work illuminates the concomitant and competitive relation between the two mechanisms and supplies some evidences for the anisotropic superconductivity of CeIn3
Half-metallic antiferromagnetism in double perovskite BiPbCrCuO{sub 6}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Weng, Ke-Chuan [Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Wang, Y. K., E-mail: kant@ntnu.edu.tw [Center for General Education and Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)
2015-05-07
The electronic structure and magnetic properties of BiPbCrCuO{sub 6} double perovskite are investigated based on first-principles density functional calculations with generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and GGA incorporated with Coulomb correlation interaction U (GGA + U). The results suggest the half-metallic (HM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) properties of BiPbCrCuO{sub 6} double perovskite. The HM-AFM property of the double perovskite is caused by the double-exchange mechanism between neighboring Cr{sup 5+}(t{sub 2g}{sup 1}↓) and Cu{sup 2+}(t{sub 2g}{sup 3}↑t{sub 2g}{sup 3}↓e{sub g}{sup 2}↑e{sub g}↓) via the intermediate O{sup 2−}(2s{sup 2}2p{sup 6}) ion.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
VOJISLAV I. SRDANOV
2000-06-01
Full Text Available Temperature-dependent EPR data of potassium-electro-sodalite (PES, K8[Al6Si6O24](e-2, are consistent with the occurrence of an antiferromagnetic phase transition at 71±2 K. PES is a Mott insulator which contains an unpaired electron in every sodalite cage. The same transition in sodium-electro-sodalite occurs at a considerably lower temperature (42 K, indicating that the exchange interaction among localized electrons is stronger in PES. PES is obtained by the inclusion of one potassium atom in every cage of potassium sodalite. The 27Al MAS NMR resonance of PES is shifted downfield in respect to diamagnetic potassium-sodalite, K6[Al6Si6O24]. The NMR shift is due to unpaired electrons and is caused by hyperfine Fermi contact interaction.
Experimental observation of the antiferromagnetic resonance linewidth in KCuF3
Li, L.; Shi, Q.; Mino, M.; Yamazaki, H.; Yamada, I.
2005-05-01
We report the results of antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) measurements conducted on KCuF3 at various frequencies from 3.8 to 10.6 GHz at 4.2 K. The resonance linewidth is first found to depend on the frequency, i.e., the lower the frequency the greater the resonance linewidth, no matter whether the AFMR field is forced on the easy axis or uneasy axis. Moreover, a linewidth peak seems to exist for H\\parallel [100]_{p} at about 4 GHz. Based on the model of Yamada and Kato (1994 J. Phys. Soc. Japan 63 289) and considering the Laudau-Lifshitz damping term, the result of numerical calculation for the resonance linewidth is in good agreement with the data of AFMR experiments.
Frustrated antiferromagnet on generalized partial line graphs of a honeycomb lattice
Miyahara, Shin; Hotta, Chisa; Kubo, Kenn; Furukawa, Nobuo
2007-03-01
Recently we have proposed generalized partial line graphs on which tight binding models of electronic energy bands realize flat bands [1]. We study Heisenberg antiferromagnets on these structures, which are frustrated and may realize novel ground states. In this report, we focus on a generalized partial line graph created on a honeycomb lattice. The model is a honeycomb lattice composed of A and B-sublattice, where a triangle cluster sits on a site of A-sublattice and a single spin exists on a site of the B-sublattice. We assume the two-types of exchange coupling: J inside the triangle cluster and J' between the cluster and B-sublattice. In the limit J > J' and J J. Phys. Soc. Japan, 74 1918 (2005).
Antiferromagnetic coupling of TbPc2 molecules to ultrathin Ni and Co films
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David Klar
2013-05-01
Full Text Available The magnetic and electronic properties of single-molecule magnets are studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. We study the magnetic coupling of ultrathin Co and Ni films that are epitaxially grown onto a Cu(100 substrate, to an in situ deposited submonolayer of TbPc2 molecules. Because of the element specificity of the X-ray absorption spectroscopy we are able to individually determine the field dependence of the magnetization of the Tb ions and the Ni or Co film. On both substrates the TbPc2 molecules couple antiferromagnetically to the ferromagnetic films, which is possibly due to a superexchange interaction via the phthalocyanine ligand that contacts the magnetic surface.
Solitary Magnons in the S =5/2 Antiferromagnet CaFe2O4
Stock, C.; Rodriguez, E. E.; Lee, N.; Green, M. A.; Demmel, F.; Ewings, R. A.; Fouquet, P.; Laver, M.; Niedermayer, Ch.; Su, Y.; Nemkovski, K.; Rodriguez-Rivera, J. A.; Cheong, S.-W.
2016-07-01
CaFe2O4 is a S =5/2 anisotropic antiferromagnet based upon zig-zag chains having two competing magnetic structures, denoted as the A (↑↑↓↓) and B (↑↓↑↓) phases, which differ by the c -axis stacking of ferromagnetic stripes. We apply neutron scattering to demonstrate that the competing A and B phase order parameters result in magnetic antiphase boundaries along c which freeze on the time scale of ˜1 ns at the onset of magnetic order at 200 K. Using high resolution neutron spectroscopy, we find quantized spin wave levels and measure 9 such excitations localized in regions ˜1 - 2 c -axis lattice constants in size. We discuss these in the context of solitary magnons predicted to exist in anisotropic systems. The magnetic anisotropy affords both competing A +B orders as well as localization of spin excitations in a classical magnet.
EuCo2P2 : A model molecular-field helical Heisenberg antiferromagnet
Sangeetha, N. S.; Cuervo-Reyes, Eduardo; Pandey, Abhishek; Johnston, D. C.
2016-07-01
The metallic compound EuCo2P2 with the body-centered tetragonal ThCr2Si2 structure containing Eu spins-7/2 was previously shown from single-crystal neutron diffraction measurements to exhibit a helical antiferromagnetic (AFM) structure below TN=66.5 K with the helix axis along the c axis and with the ordered moments aligned within the a b plane. Here we report crystallography, electrical resistivity, heat capacity, magnetization, and magnetic susceptibility measurements on single crystals of this compound. We demonstrate that EuCo2P2 is a model molecular-field helical Heisenberg antiferromagnet from comparisons of the anisotropic magnetic susceptibility χ , high-field magnetization, and magnetic heat capacity of EuCo2P2 single crystals at temperature T ≤TN with the predictions of our recent formulation of molecular-field theory. Values of the Heisenberg exchange interactions between the Eu spins are derived from the data. The low-T magnetic heat capacity ˜T3 arising from spin-wave excitations with no anisotropy gap is calculated and found to be comparable to the lattice heat capacity. The density of states at the Fermi energy of EuCo2P2 and the related compound BaCo2P2 are found from the heat capacity data to be large, 10 and 16 states/eV per formula unit for EuCo2P2 and BaCo2P2 , respectively. These values are enhanced by a factor of ˜2.5 above those found from DFT electronic structure calculations for the two compounds. The calculations also find ferromagnetic Eu-Eu exchange interactions within the a b plane and AFM interactions between Eu spins in nearest- and next-nearest planes, in agreement with the MFT analysis of χa b(T ≤TN) .
Baddour, Frederick G; Fiedler, Stephanie R; Shores, Matthew P; Golen, James A; Rheingold, Arnold L; Doerrer, Linda H
2013-05-01
A series of Pt-based heterobimetallic lantern complexes of the form [PtM(SAc)4(OH2)] (M = Co, 1; Ni, 2; Zn, 3) were prepared using a facile, single-step procedure. These hydrated species were reacted with 3-nitropyridine (3-NO2py) to prepare three additional lantern complexes, [PtM(SAc)4(3-NO2py)] (M = Co, 4; Ni, 5; Zn, 6), or alternatively dried in vacuo to the dehydrated species [PtM(SAc)4] (M = Co, 7; Ni, 8; Zn, 9). The Co- and Ni-containing species exhibit Pt-M bonding in solution and the solid state. In the structurally characterized compounds 1-6, the lantern units form dimers in the solid state via a short Pt···Pt metallophilic interaction. Antiferromagnetic coupling between 3d metal ions in the solid state through noncovalent metallophilic interactions was observed for all the paramagnetic lantern complexes prepared, with J-coupling values of -12.7 cm(-1) (1), -50.8 cm(-1) (2), -6.0 cm(-1) (4), and -12.6 cm(-1) (5). The Zn complexes 3 and 6 also form solid-state dimers, indicating that the formation of short Pt···Pt interactions in these complexes is not predicated on the presence of a paramagnetic 3d metal ion. These contacts and the resultant antiferromagnetic coupling are also not unique to heterobimetallic lantern complexes with axially coordinated H2O or the previously reported thiobenzoate supporting ligand.
Spin liquid nature in the Heisenberg J1-J2 triangular antiferromagnet
Iqbal, Yasir; Hu, Wen-Jun; Thomale, Ronny; Poilblanc, Didier; Becca, Federico
2016-04-01
We investigate the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the triangular lattice in the presence of nearest-neighbor J1 and next-nearest-neighbor J2 antiferromagnetic couplings. Motivated by recent findings from density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) claiming the existence of a gapped spin liquid with signatures of spontaneously broken lattice point group symmetry [Zhu and White, Phys. Rev. B 92, 041105 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.041105 and Hu, Gong, Zhu, and Sheng, Phys. Rev. B 92, 140403 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.140403], we employ the variational Monte Carlo (VMC) approach to analyze the model from an alternative perspective that considers both magnetically ordered and paramagnetic trial states. We find a quantum paramagnet in the regime 0.08 ≲J2/J1≲0.16 , framed by 120∘ coplanar (stripe collinear) antiferromagnetic order for smaller (larger) J2/J1 . By considering the optimization of spin-liquid wave functions of a different gauge group and lattice point group content as derived from Abrikosov mean-field theory, we obtain the gapless U(1 ) Dirac spin liquid as the energetically most preferable state in comparison to all symmetric or nematic gapped Z2 spin liquids so far advocated by DMRG. Moreover, by the application of few Lanczos iterations, we find the energy to be the same as the DMRG result within error bars. To further resolve the intriguing disagreement between VMC and DMRG, we complement our methodological approach by the pseudofermion functional renormalization group (PFFRG) to compare the spin structure factors for the paramagnetic regime calculated by VMC, DMRG, and PFFRG. This model promises to be an ideal test bed for future numerical refinements in tracking the long-range correlations in frustrated magnets.
Spinon confinement in the quasi-1D Ising-like antiferromagnet SrCo{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 8}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wang, Zhe; Schmidt, Michael; Loidl, Alois; Deisenhofer, Joachim [Experimental Physics V, Center for Electronic Correlations and Magnetism, University of Augsburg, Augsburg (Germany); Bera, Anup Kumar [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie, Berlin (Germany); Lake, Bella [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie, Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Technische Universitaet Berlin, Berlin (Germany)
2015-07-01
Using THz transmission spectroscopy in magnetic field, we have investigated low-energy magnetic excitations in the quasi-one-dimensional Ising-like XXZ antiferromagnet SrCo{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 8}. Spinon-pair excitations on the antiferromagnetic ground state have been observed in the XXZ antiferromagnet. Spinon-pair bound states with entangled spin-orbit moment S = 1 are determined unambiguously. The hierarchy of the spinon-pair boundstates can be described by a one-dimensional Schroedinger equation with a linear confinement potential imposed by the interchain interaction.
Wu, R.; Yun, C.; Ding, S. L.; Wen, X.; Liu, S. Q.; Wang, C. S.; Han, J. Z.; Du, H. L.; Yang, J. B.
2016-08-01
The motion of antiferromagnetic interfacial spins is investigated through the temperature evolution of training effect in a Co/CoO film with in-plane biaxial anisotropy. Significant differences in the training effect and its temperature dependence are observed in the magnetic easy axis and hard axis (HA) and ascribed to the different motion modes of antiferromagnetic interfacial spins, the collective spin cluster rotation (CSR) and the single spin reversal (SSR), caused by different magnetization reversal modes of ferromagnetic layer. These motion modes of antiferromagnetic spins are successfully separated using a combination of an exponential function and a classic n-1/2 function. A larger CSR to SSR ratio and a shorter lifetime of CSR found in the HA indicates that the domain rotation in the ferromagnetic layer tends to activate and accelerate a CSR mode in the antiferromagnetic spins.