WorldWideScience

Sample records for anticorrosion

  1. Synergism in anticorrosive paints

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G BLUSTEIN; C DEYÁ; R ROMAGNOLI

    2016-06-01

    The present work depicts synergism anticorrosive behaviour between zinc hypophosphite and zinc phosphate in a commercial pigment mixture. Also, the performance of anticorrosive paints was evaluated. Synergism anticorrosive behaviour was evaluated by corrosion potential and linear polarization measurements in pigment suspensions. The protective layer obtained with this pigment mixture was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Then, the anticorrosive properties of the pigment were assessed by incorporating it into alkyd and epoxy paints which were evaluated by salt spray test and electrochemical noise technique. The morphology and the nature of the protective layer grown under the paint film were also studied by SEM. Experimental results showed that improved anticorrosion protection is achieved in paints with reduced zinc phosphate contents as a consequence of the synergistic interaction between zinc hypophosphite and the other components of the pigment mixture. The electrochemical noise technique proved to be adequate to monitor corrosion in painted panels and is able to detectcorrosion under the paint film from very early stages. This paper identified the need to study synergism between anticorrosive pigments to try to reduce the phosphate content in anticorrosive paints.

  2. Anticorrosive coatings: a review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Per Aggerholm; Kiil, Søren; Dam-Johansen, Kim;

    2009-01-01

    of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have caused significant changes in the anticorrosive coating industry. The requirement for new VOC-compliant coating technologies means that coating manufacturers can no longer rely on the extensive track record of their time-served products to convince consumers......, and inhibitive coatings are outlined. In the past decades, several alternatives to organic solvent-borne coatings have reached the commercial market. This review also presents some of these technologies and discusses some of their advantages and limitations. Finally, some of the mechanisms leading to degradation...... of their suitability for use. An important aspect in the development of new VOC-compliant, high-performance anticorrosive coating systems is a thorough knowledge of the components in anticorrosive coatings, their interactions, their advantages and limitations, as well as a detailed knowledge on the failure modes...

  3. Qualification of anticorrosive coatings in nuclear vessels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Test qualifications of the behavior of anticorrosive coating systems used in nuclear vessels in service and under the accident conditions of radiation decontamination, steam chemical resistance, thermal conductivity, weathering accelerated aging are presented and discussed. (author)

  4. Organic/inorganic hybrid coatings for anticorrosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Zhouying

    Compared to organic coatings, organic-inorganic hybrid coatings can potentially improve the anticorrosion performance. The organic phase provides the excellent mechaincal and barrier properties while the inorganic phase acts as an adhesion promoter and corrosion inhibitor. Despite that many studies on alkoxylsilane-based hybrid coatings have been developed and studied, their weatherability and anticorrosion performance has been rarely evaluated. On the other hand, organic-inorganic hybrid coatings based on mixed sol-gel precursors have received much less attention compared to alkoxylsilane-based hybrid coatings. In the first part, polyurethane hybrid coatings with a unique hybrid crosslinked structure as an improved unicoat were successfully prepared. The effect of polyesters on physical properties of the hybrid coatings was studied. Polyurethane coatings derived from cycloaliphatic polyester show comparable properties than those derived from the commercially viable aromatic polyester. Introducing the polysiloxane part into the polyurethane coatings enhanced the crosslinking density, Tg, mechanical properties, and general coating properties. The increased adhesion between the hybrid coating and the substrate make the hybrid coating a good candidate for anticorrosion application, which is shown by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The degradation mechanism of the polyurethane/polysiloxane hybrid coatings under various weathering conditions was shown to be the scission of the urethane and ester groups in the organic phase along with reorganizing and rearranging of the inorganic phase. The anticorrosion performance of the cycloaliphatic hybrid was much better than that of aromatic based hybrid under outdoor weathering based on visual observation and EIS analysis. Acid undercutting is an issue for TEOS based hybrid coating. In the second part, design of experiments (DOEs) was used to statistically investigate on the effect of sol-gel precursors. The

  5. Test Production of Anti-Corrosive Paint in Laboratory Scale

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main purpose of this project is to produce the anti-corrosive paint in laboratory scale. In these experiments, local raw materials, natural resin (shellac), pine oil, turpentine and ethyl alcohol wer applied basically. Laboratory trials were undrtaken to determine the suitablity of raw materials ane their composition for anti-corrosive paint manufacture.The results obtained show that the anti-corrosive paint from experiment No.(30) is suitable for steel plate and this is also considered commercially economics

  6. Formulation of anticorrosive paints employing conducting polymers

    OpenAIRE

    Martí Barroso, Mireia

    2013-01-01

    The intention and purpose of the present thesis is to prepare a series of protective coatings using some conducting polymers (CPs) as corrosion inhibitors. The use of organic paints is the most common method for corrosion prevention. Anticorrosive coatings form a class of high-performance systems with a very wide range of applications and being classified in two broad groups: heavy-duty coatings, for high performance, and light-duty coatings, for medium performance. The first class being requ...

  7. Ion sequestration particles for naval anticorrosion coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zguris, Zachary Z.

    Corrosion is the electrochemical process of a metal returning to its lower energy state, the metal oxide. The cost of corrosion is difficult to estimate. One area particularly susceptible to corrosion problems with high maintenance costs is that of the 20,000 tanks existent in the US Naval Fleet. The Navy is sponsoring the development of novel coatings and additives that can be used to decrease the rising corrosion related costs. This dissertation describes in detail the synthesis of Ion Sequestration Particles (ISP) that when added to the standard MIL-DTL-24441 or potentially another coating system act to enhance the anticorrosion properties of the coating. A solid ion sequestration core material (SISCM) is first produced. The core is then encapsulated in a second stage forming a shell that protects the SISCM sufficiently from the harmful interactions with uncured epoxy based coatings. ISPs were designed to sequester harmful ions while releasing passivating ions in their place. The passivating ions then migrate to defect sites at the coating interface where they act to inhibit corrosion. The anticorrosion performance of ISPs in epoxy coatings has been demonstrated by both 500 hrs of hot deionized water immersion and 1000 hrs of salt spray exposure (ASTM B117). The best improvements in coating performance are attained with ISP content ranging from 5-10 wt % loading in a coating. ISPs were designed to limit the transport of harmful ions through the coating. However this work has determined high diffusion coefficients for ions (CI- and PO42-) through the epoxy matrix. Without ISPs, the diffusion coefficient through the MIL-DTL-24441 coating was determined for phosphate to be 1.16x10-7 cm2/s and for chloride to be in the range of 2.7x10-9 to 5.6x10-10 cm2/s. The addition of 5 wt % ISPs to the coating had the effect of decreasing the diffusion coefficient by an average of 25.5%. These results yield the conclusion that the enhanced anticorrosion properties of coatings

  8. Fly ash based zeolitic pigments for application in anticorrosive paints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Ruchi; Tiwari, Sangeeta

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this work is to evaluate the utilization of waste fly ash in anticorrosive paints. Zeolite NaY was synthesized from waste fly ash and subsequently modified by exchanging its nominal cation Na+ with Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions. The metal ion exchanged zeolite was then used as anticorrosive zeolitic pigments in paints. The prepared zeolite NaY was characterized using X-Ray diffraction technique and Scanning electron microscopy. The size, shape and density of the prepared fly ash based pigments were determined by various techniques. The paints were prepared by using fly ash based zeolitic pigments in epoxy resin and the percentages of pigments used in paints were 2% and 5%. These paints were applied to the mild steel panels and the anticorrosive properties of the pigments were assessed by the electrochemical spectroscopy technique (EIS).

  9. Exopolysaccharides (EPS) as anti-corrosive additives for coatings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheerder, J.; Breur, R.; Slaghek, T.; Holtman, W.; Vennik, M.; Ferrari, G.

    2012-01-01

    Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are a class of renewable polymers that show interesting anti-corrosive properties and could potentially be used as an alternative for zinc phosphates. When combined with a waterborne styrene-acrylic polymer dispersion (SA-1), exopolysaccharides were shown to give an improvem

  10. Smart Mesoporous Silica Nanocapsules as Environmentally Friendly Anticorrosive Pigments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Zea

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays there is a special interest to study and develop new smart anticorrosive pigments in order to increase the protection life time of organic coatings and, simultaneously, to find alternatives to conventional toxic and carcinogenic hexavalent chromium compounds. In this respect, the great development of nanotechnologies in recent years has opened up a range of possibilities in the field of anticorrosive paints through the integration of encapsulated nanoscale containers loaded with active components into coatings. By means of a suitable design of the capsule, the release of the encapsulated corrosion inhibitor can be triggered by different external or internal factors (pH change, mechanical damage, etc. thus preventing spontaneous leakage of the active component and achieving more efficient and economical use of the inhibitor, which is only released upon demand in the affected area. In the present work, the improved anticorrosive behaviour achieved by encapsulated mesoporous silica nanocontainers filled with an environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitor has been evaluated. It has been proven that a change in the pH allows the rupture of the capsules, the release of the inhibitor, and the successful protection of the carbon steel substrate.

  11. Ceramic nanotubes for polymer composites with stable anticorrosion properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakhrullin, R. F.; Tursunbayeva, A.; Portnov, V. S.; L'vov, Yu. M.

    2014-12-01

    The use of natural halloysite clay tubes 50 nm in diameter as nanocontainers for loading, storing, and slowly releasing organic corrosion inhibitors is described. Loaded nanotubes can be mixed well with many polymers and dyes in amounts of 5-10 wt % to form a ceramic framework (which increases the strength of halloysite composites by 30-50%), increase the adhesion of these coatings to metals, and allow for the slow release of corrosion inhibitors in defects of coatings. A significant improvement of protective anticorrosion properties of polyacryl and polyurethane coatings containing ceramic nanotubes loaded with benzotriazole and hydroxyquinoline is demonstrated.

  12. Dodecylamine-loaded halloysite nanocontainers for active anticorrosion coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falcón, Jesus; Sawczen, Tiago; Aoki, Idalina

    2015-11-01

    Currently the most promising approach in the corrosion protection by smart coatings is the use of nanoreservoirs loaded with corrosion inhibitors. Nanocontainers are filled with anti-corrosive agents and embedded into a primer coating. Future prospective containers are halloysite nanotubes due to their low price, availability, durability, with high mechanical strength and biocompatibility. The aim of this work is to study the use of halloysite nanotubes as nanocontainers for encapsulated dodecylamine for active corrosion protection of carbon steel. Halloysite clay was characterized by XRD and TGA- thermogravimetric analysis techniques. Halloysite nanotubes were loaded with dodecylamine and embedded into an alkyd primer with a weight ratio of 10 wt.% . The anticorrosive performance of the alkyd primer doped with 10 wt.% of entrapped-dodecylamine halloysite was tested on coated carbon steel by direct exposure of the coated samples with a provoked defect into 0.01 mol/L NaCl corrosive media using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET). EIS and SVET measurements showed the self-healing properties of the doped alkyd coating. Coated samples were also evaluated in a salt spray chamber and the self-healing effect was unequivocally noticed.

  13. Dodecylamine-loaded halloysite nanocontainers for active anticorrosion coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesus Marino Falcón

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Currently the most promising approach in the corrosion protection by smart coatings is the use of nanoreservoirs loaded with corrosion inhibitors. Nanocontainers are filled with anti-corrosive agents and embedded into a primer coating. Future prospective containers are halloysite nanotubes due to their low price, availability, durability, with high mechanical strength and biocompatibility. The aim of this work is to study the use of halloysite nanotubes as nanocontainers for encapsulated dodecylamine for active corrosion protection of carbon steel. Halloysite clay was characterized by XRD and TGA- thermogravimetric analysis techniques. Halloysite nanotubes were loaded with dodecylamine and embedded into an alkyd primer with a weight ratio of 10 wt.% . The anticorrosive performance of the alkyd primer doped with 10 wt.% of entrapped-dodecylamine halloysite was tested on coated carbon steel by direct exposure of the coated samples with a provoked defect into 0.01 mol/L NaCl corrosive media using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS and scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET. EIS and SVET measurements showed the self-healing properties of the doped alkyd coating. Coated samples were also evaluated in a salt spray chamber and the self-healing effect was unequivocally noticed.

  14. Effect of Synergistic Anticorrosion Treatments on Cycling Stability of Mg-Based Hydrogen Storage Electrode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, any two of the three anticorrosion agents, that is emulsifier (OP-10), soluble glass (Na2O·nSiO2) and glycerin (C3H8O3), were treated simultaneously on the surface of amorphous (a-) MgNi+5% Ml2Mg17 (Ml denotes the lanthanum-rich mish metal) electrode and the electrolyte. Effect of the synergistic anticorrosion treatment on charging/discharging cycle stability of the electrode was investigated. Contrasted with single treatment method, the cycling stability of the electrodes was further improved. The desirable synergistic anticorrosion method was that the electrode was treated by the soluble glass, and that OP-10 was added into the electrolyte. The cyclic voltammogram (CV) results of the electrode show clearly that the anticorrosion agent can change the electrochemical activity and mechanism of the electrode. The concentration of the anticorrosion agent in the electrolyte treated by the synergistic anticorrosion method was also investigated. The appropriate concentration of the anticorrosion agents in the electrolyte is 0.143%.

  15. Development of Exterior Anti-corrosion Coating Production Line for Large Diameter Hot Bent Pipes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JiaoRuyi; ZhangYing

    2004-01-01

    The epoxy powder exterior anti-corrosion coating production line for bent pipes with a single (double) course production is a technologically advanced bent pipe anti-corrosion method with cost efficiency, environment friendliness and stable coating quality. The quality of the coating on the bent pipe fully meets the requirements of the current national and industrial standards. The application of the technology has filled the gap in the bent pipe anti-corrosion coating area of China, and leads the world technologically. With this technology the coating quality of the bent pipe has greatly improved, resulting in significant social and economic benefits. With the use of the technology in various large scale pipeline projects such as the “West to East Gas Pipeline Project”, it will exhibite a greater potential in the future pipeline projects with a broad application prospect.

  16. Anticorrosion properties of tin oxide coatings for carbonaceous bipolar plates of proton exchange membrane fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinumoto, Taro; Nagano, Keita; Yamamoto, Yuji; Tsumura, Tomoki; Toyoda, Masahiro

    2014-03-01

    An anticorrosive surface treatment of a carbonaceous bipolar plate used in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) was demonstrated by addition of a tin oxide surface coating by liquid phase deposition (LPD), and its effectiveness toward corrosion prevention was determined. The tin oxide coating was deposited by immersion in tin fluoride and boric acid solutions, without any observable decrease in the bipolar plate electrical conductivity. Anticorrosion properties of a flat carbonaceous bipolar plate were investigated in an aqueous HClO4 electrolyte solution (10 μmol dm-3) at 80 °C. CO2 release due to corrosion was significant for the bare specimen above 1.3 V, whereas no CO2 release was noted for the tin-oxide-coated specimen, even approaching 1.5 V. Moreover, minimal changes in contact angle against a water droplet before and after treatment indicated suppressed corrosion of the surface-coated specimen. Anticorrosion properties were also confirmed for a model bipolar plate having four gas flow channels. The tin oxide layer remained on the channel surfaces (inner walls, corners and intersections) after durability tests. Based on these results, tin-oxide-based surface coatings fabricated by LPD show promise as an anticorrosion technique for carbonaceous bipolar plates for PEMFCs.

  17. ANTI-CORROSION PROPERTIES OF CARBOXYLIC ACID IN WATER-GLYCOL SOLUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BASHKIRCEVA N.Y.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Sodium salts of carboxylic acids were investigated to evaluate the corrosion properties of the water-glycol solutions. Corrosion tests were performed by methods of gravimetry and galvanostatic dissolution with metals used in cooling systems. The compositions of anticorrosion systems and their concentration that provide the most effective inhibition of metals were determined.

  18. A new smart additive of reinforced concrete based on modified hydrotalcites: Preparation, characterization and anticorrosion applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Z.; Fischer, H.; Polder, R.

    2012-01-01

    A carbonate form of Mg-Al-hydrotalcite and its p-aminobenzoate (pAB) modified derivative (i.e.,Mg(2)Al-pAB) were synthesized and characterized by means of XRD and FT-IR. The anticorrosion behavior was evaluated based on open circuit potential (OCP) of carbon steel in simulated concrete pore solution

  19. Influence on the anticorrosive properties of the use of erbium (III) trifluoromethanesulfonate as initiator in an epoxy powder clearcoat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, S.J. [Centro de Biomateriales, Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)]. E-mail: sangares@upvnet.upv.es; Suay, J. [Centro de Biomateriales, Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

    2007-08-15

    New low curing temperature epoxy powder coatings cured cationically by the use of erbium (III) trifluoromethanesulfonate as initiator have been formulated. Their curing kinetics and anticorrosive properties have been studied and compared with a system commonly used in industry (o-tolylbiguanide/epoxy resin). Three different tests of anticorrosive properties (EIS, AC/DC/AC, and salt fog spray) have been used together with an adherence test, in order to establish the optimal system. Results show that a system employing 1 phr of erbium triflate presents good anticorrosive properties. The technique AC/DC/AC has shown its ability to evaluate properly, much faster, and in accordance to anticorrosive properties results' of powder coatings obtained by other techniques.

  20. Experimental Study on the Electrochemical Anti-Corrosion Properties of Steel Structures Applying the Arc Thermal Metal Spraying Method

    OpenAIRE

    Hong-Bok Choe; Han-Seung Lee; Jun-Ho Shin

    2014-01-01

    The arc thermal metal spraying method (ATMSM) provides proven long-term protective coating systems using zinc, aluminum and their alloys for steel work in a marine environment. This paper focuses on studying experimentally the anti-corrosion criteria of ATMSM on steel specimens. The effects of the types of spraying metal and the presence or absence of sealing treatment from the thermal spraying of film on the anti-corrosion performance of TMSM were quantitatively evaluated by electrochemical ...

  1. Superamphiphobic and Electroactive Nanocomposite toward Self-Cleaning, Antiwear, and Anticorrosion Coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Ruixia; Wu, Shiqi; Yu, Peng; Wang, Baohui; Mu, Liwen; Zhang, Xiguang; Zhu, Yixing; Wang, Bing; Wang, Huaiyuan; Zhu, Jiahua

    2016-05-18

    Multifunctional coatings are in urgent demand in emerging fields. In this work, nanocomposite coatings with extraordinary self-cleaning, antiwear, and anticorrosion properties were prepared on aluminum substrate by a facile spraying technique. Core-shell structured polyaniline/functionalized carbon nanotubes (PANI/fCNTs) composite and nanosized silica were synergistically integrated into ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) matrix to construct lotus-leaf-like structures, and 1H,1H,2H,2H- perfluorooctyltriethoxysilane (POTS) was used to decrease the surface energy. The composite coating with 6 wt % PANI/fCNTs possesses superamphiphobic property, with contact angles of 167°, 163°, and 159° toward water, glycerol, and ethylene glycol, respectively. This coating demonstrates stable nonwetting performance over a wide temperature range (offer promising self-cleaning and anticorrosion applications under erosive/abrasive environment. PMID:27136103

  2. Study on the anticorrosion, biocompatibility, and osteoinductivity of tantalum decorated with tantalum oxide nanotube array films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Na; Li, Hongyi; Wang, Jinshu; Chen, Su; Ma, Yuanping; Zhang, Zhenting

    2012-09-26

    With its excellent anticorrosion and biocompatibility, tantalum, as a promising endosseous implant or implant coating, is attracting more and more attention. For improving physicochemical property and biocompatibility, the research of tantalum surface modification has increased. Tantalum oxide (Ta(2)O(5)) nanotube films can be produced on tantalum by controlling the conditions of anodization and annealing. The objective of our present study was to investigate the influence of Ta(2)O(5) nanotube films on pure tantalum properties related with anticorrosion, protein adsorption, and biological function of rabbit bone mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs). The polarization curve was measured, the adsorption of bovine serum albumin and fibronectin to Ta(2)O(5) nanotubes was detected, and the morphology and actin cytoskeletons of the rBMSCs were observed via fluorescence microscopy, and the adhesion and proliferation of the rBMSCs, as well as the osteogenic differentiation potential on tantalum specimens, were examined quantificationally by MTT and real-time PCR technology. The results showed that Ta(2)O(5) nanotube films have high anticorrosion capability and can increase the protein adsorption to tantalum and promote the adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of rBMSCs, as well as the mRNA expression of osteogenic gene such as Osterix, ALP, Collagen-I, and Osteocalcin on tantalum. This study suggests that Ta(2)O(5) nanotube films can improve the anticorrosion, biocompatibility, and osteoinduction of pure tantalum, which provides the theoretical elaboration for development of tantalum endosseous implant or implant coating to a certain extent. PMID:22894817

  3. Study of Polyaniline/Vermiculie/Tert-fluoro Emulsion Composites Anticorrosion Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    1 Results Polyaniline (PANI) is one of the most promising materials for commercial applications.It can be applied to electronic devices and products such as light-emitting diodes,organic FETs,EMI shielding,secondary batteries,etc.Composites of polyaniline with other polymers or inorganic materials can provide new synergistic properties that cannot be attained from individual materials.Vermiculite (VMT) is a chain-layer magnesium-aluminum silicate mineral.We prepared composite anticorrosion coatings of p...

  4. Fabrication and Assessment of Crumb-Rubber-Modified Coatings with Anticorrosive Properties

    OpenAIRE

    Nasser Al-Aqeeli

    2015-01-01

    Scrap tires continue to be a major source of waste due to the lack of valuable and effective disposal routes. A viable solution to this problem is to recycle crumb rubber (CR)—a granulated material derived from scrap tires—and use it to develop other valuable products. Herein we report the fabrication and characterization of CR-modified coatings with anticorrosive properties on metal substrates. By varying the particle size and concentration of CR, we have determined the coating composition ...

  5. Research on the Anticorrosion Coating Under the Paved Layer for Highway Steel Box Bridge Deck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Cheng-jin; MING Tu-zhang; HU Guang-wei; OU Xue-mei; GEN Ou

    2006-01-01

    The corrosion of the anticorrosion coating and the defects of the asphalt concrete paved layer have been investigated on long-span steel box bridge decks. The anticorrosion coating lies in the middle of two entirely different materials: a highway steel box bridge deck and a paved layer, which is used as anticorrosion and waterproof coating for the steel bridge deck. For our study, electrochemical corrosion and pull strength experiments have been selected for the investigation of the corrosion properties of inorganic zinc rich coating, epoxy zinc rich coating and arc sprayed zinc coating. The adhesive strength between the coatings and the panel, and the effect of the coating corrosion on the shear properties of the paved layers including cast asphalt, thermal asphalt mortar, epoxy asphalt and modified asphalt concrete have been investigated. The results show that the adhesive strength between the coatings and the bridge panel is controlled by the method of pre-processing rust removal. Coating by sandblasting has stronger adhesive strength than coating by shot peening. The results also reveal that shear strength of the paved layer is affected by the corrosion product of zinc coating. The arc sprayed zinc coating has stronger shear strength than zinc rich coatings.

  6. Fabrication of superhydrophobic textured steel surface for anti-corrosion and tribological properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hongmei; Yang, Jin; Chen, Beibei; Liu, Can; Zhang, Mingsuo; Li, Changsheng

    2015-12-01

    We describe a simple and rapid method to fabricate superhydrophobic textured steel surface with excellent anti-corrosion and tribological properties on S45C steel substrate. The steel substrate was firstly ground using SiC sandpapers, and then polished using diamond paste to remove scratches. The polished steel was subsequently etched in a mixture of HF and H2O2 solution for 30 s at room temperature to obtain the textured steel surface with island-like protrusions, micro-pits, and nano-flakes. Meanwhile, to investigate the formation mechanism of the multiscale structures, the polished steel was immersed in a 3 wt% Nital solution for 5 s to observe the metallographic structures. The multiscale structures, along with low-surface-energy molecules, led to the steel surface that displayed superhydrophobicity with the contact angle of 158 ± 2° and the sliding angle of 3 ± 1°. The chemical stability and potentiodynamic polarization test indicated that the as-prepared superhydrophobic surface had excellent corrosion resistance that can provide effective protection for the steel substrate. The tribological test showed that the friction coefficient of the superhydrophobic surface maintained 0.11 within 6000 s and its superhydrophobicity had no obvious decrease after the abrasion test. The theoretical mechanism for the excellent anti-corrosion and tribological properties on the superhydrophobic surface were also analyzed respectively. The advantages of facile production, anti-corrosion, and tribological properties for the superhydrophobic steel surface make it to be a good candidate in practical applications.

  7. Technology of Anticorrosive Protection of Steel Constructions by Coatings Based on Rapid-Hardening Bitumen-Latex Emulsion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nykyforchyn, H.M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The recipes of rapid-hardening bitumen-latex emulsions and coatings on its base are created, in-laboratory tests of their physical, chemical and anticorrosive properties are carried out. The technology of anticorrosive protection and the installation technical documentation for making of aqueous bitumen-latex emulsion is developed, installation is mounted and a pilot lot of rapid-hardening emulsion is produced. Experimental-industrial approbation of the technology of coating formation on pipes in oil and gas industry is carried out.

  8. 自修复型防腐涂料进展%Progress on Self-healing Anti-corrosive Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边蕴静

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the author summarized the materials and achieving method of self-healing anti-corrosive coatings based on repair mechanism thereof and hoped to enlighten the design and development of self-healing anti-corrosive coatings.%基于自修复型防腐涂料的修复机理,从自修复涂料实现方法的角度加以综述,以期对自修复防腐涂料的设计和研发有所启发。

  9. Effect of Nano Al Pigment on the Anticorrosive Performance of Waterborne Epoxy Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the results regarding the effect of nano aluminum powder pigment concentration on the protective properties of waterborne epoxy films in 3.5 wt pct NaCl solution. The anticorrosive performance of the coatings with 0.5, 1, and 3 wt pct pigments and none pigment were investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy techniques.The results show that adding appropriate amount of nano-aluminium powder pigment can enhance the barrier properties of the epoxy coating, which is attributed to the surface effect of nanoparticles and the compatibility of the pigment with the waterborne epoxy coatings.

  10. Growth of graphene on cylindrical copper conductors as an anticorrosion coating: a microscopic study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datta, A. J.; Gupta, B.; Shafiei, M.; Taylor, R.; Motta, N.

    2016-07-01

    We have successfully grown graphene film on the surface of cylindrical copper conductors by chemical vapour deposition. The quality and number of graphene layers have been investigated using Raman spectroscopy, Raman mapping and scanning electron microscopy, as a function of methane gas flow rate and of growth temperature. Transmission electron microscopy analysis has been performed to verify the number of graphene layers, confirming the results obtained by Raman spectroscopy. The results open up the possibility of using graphene as an anticorrosion coating for copper cables and earth grids.

  11. Microcapsule-based self-healing anticorrosive coatings: Capsule size, coating formulation, and exposure testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nesterova, Tatyana; Dam-Johansen, Kim; Pedersen, Lars Thorslund;

    2012-01-01

    -healing coatings. In this work, ways of reducing the size of poly(urea–formaldehyde) microcapsules, filled with linseed oil and intended for a microcapsule-based self-healing anticorrosive coating (above water exposure), are explored. The influence of microcapsules on epoxy coating performance is also studied....... The actual self-healing effect was not part of this work. The synthesis parameters investigated are stirrer geometry, agitation rate, temperature, and stabilizer concentration. It was found that an increase in stirring rate, correct choice of temperature, and a high stabilizer concentration all caused...

  12. [Research on anti-corrosion of Thiobacillus for the geopolymer solidification MSWI fly ash].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Man-Tong; Sun, Xin; Dong, Hai-Li; Jin, Zan-Fang

    2012-09-01

    In order to discuss the anti-Thiobacillus corrosion performance of geopolymer solidification MSWI fly ash, the research simulated the Thiobacillus corrosion process by experiment, investigated the change of mass, compressive strength, leaching concentration. The results showed that geopolymer had a good anti-corrosion ability: weight loss within 1%, the compressive strength still reached 21.88 MPa after 28 days, the corrosion resistance coefficient was above 0.9. The maximum leaching concentration of Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, Hg, Pb were 107.7 microg x L(-1), 22.71 microg x L(-1), 39.18 microg x L(-1), 0.56 microg x L(-1), 34.84 microg x L(-1) and 3.03 microg x L(-1), respectively. And the leaching concentration of geopolymer reduced with the immersion time, showed a good anti-Thiobacillus corrosion performance. Through the X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope spectra of geopolymer, we investigated the microstructure and mechanism of geopolymer anti-corrosion.

  13. Layer-by-Layer Assembly of a Self-Healing Anticorrosion Coating on Magnesium Alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Fan; Zhou, Chunyu; Wang, Xu; Szpunar, Jerzy

    2015-12-16

    Fabrication of self-healing anticorrosion coatings has attracted attention as it has the ability to extend the service life and prevent the substrate from corrosive attack. However, a coating system with a rapid self-healing ability and an improved corrosion resistance is rarely reported. In this work, we developed a self-healing anticorrosion coating on a magnesium alloy (AZ31). The coating comprises a cerium-based conversion layer, a graphene oxide layer, and a branched poly(ethylene imine) (PEI)/poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) multilayer. We incorporated the graphene oxide as corrosion inhibitors and used the PEI/PAA multilayers to provide the self-healing ability to the coating systems. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize the composition of the multilayers, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to analyze the surface morphology. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) results illustrate the improved corrosion resistance of the coating. The proposed coating also has a rapid self-healing ability in the presence of water. PMID:26583562

  14. Lanthanum-exchanged zeolite and clay as anticorrosive pigments for galvanized steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S. Roselli; N. Bellotti; C. Deyá; M. Revuelta; B. del Amo; R. Romagnoli

    2014-01-01

    A wide variety of inhibitive pigments is now being offered as possible alternatives to chromate and lead compounds for painted metals protection. Unfortunately, the most wide spread of these substitute pigments, zinc phosphate, has, at present, raised some environmental concern because phosphate causes the eutrophication of water courses and zinc itself is toxic. The aim of this re-search was to study the anticorrosive performance of a mixture consisting of zinc phosphate, modified zeolite and clay (bentonite) in order to diminish phosphate content in paints. The zeolite and the clay were exchanged with La(III) ions, as inorganic green inhibitor. In the first step, the anticorrosion protection by La(III) ions in solution was assessed by electrochemical tests. In the second step, an epoxy-polyamide paint formulated with the pigment mixture applied on galvanized panels was studied by salt spray test and electro-chemical noise measurements (ENM). The results showed that it was possible to replace part of the zinc phosphate content in the paint with the exchanged zeolite and the clay.

  15. Effect of pretreating technologies on the adhesive strength and anticorrosion property of Zn coated NdFeB specimens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Pengjie; Xu, Guangqing; Liu, Jiaqin; Yi, Xiaofei; Wu, Yucheng; Chen, JingWu

    2016-02-01

    Zinc coated NdFeB specimens were prepared with different pretreating technologies, such as polishing, pickling (50 s), sandblasting and combined technology of sandblasting and pickling (5 s). Morphologies of the NdFeB substrates pretreated with different technologies were observed with a scanning electron microscope equipped with an energy dispersive spectrometer and an atomic force microscope. The tensile test was performed to measure the adhesive strength between Zn coating and NdFeB substrate. The self-corrosion behavior of the NdFeB specimen was characterized by potentiodynamic polarization curve. The anticorrosion properties of Zn coated NdFeB specimens were characterized by neutral salt spray tests. The pretreating technologies possess obvious impact on the adhesive strength and anticorrosion property of Zn coated NdFeB specimens. Combined pretreating technology of sandblasting and pickling (5 s) achieves the highest adhesive strength (25.56 MPa) and excellent anticorrosion property (average corrosion current density of 21 μA/cm2) in the four pretreating technologies. The impacting mechanisms of the pretreating technology on the adhesive strength and anticorrosion properties are deeply discussed.

  16. Self-healing anticorrosive organic coating based on an encapsulated water reactive silyl ester: synthesis and proof of concept

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    García, S.J.; Fischer, H.R.; White, P.A.; Mardel, J.; González-García, Y.; Mol, J.M.C.; Hughes, A.E.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper a self-healing anticorrosive organic coating based on an encapsulated water reactive organic agent is presented. A reactive silyl ester is proposed as a new organic reactive healing agent and its synthesis, performance, incorporation into an organic coating and evaluation of self-heali

  17. An example from practice: detection of faults in cathodic anti-corrosion protection systems in local gas supply networks; Ein Praxisbeispiel: KKS-Fehlerortung in der Ortsgasversorgung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maurmann, J. [Maurmann GmbH, Sprockhoevel (Germany); Mueller, H.; Windisch, S. [Stadtwerke Mainz AG, Mainz (Germany)

    2006-07-15

    Cathodic anti-corrosion protection (CCP) is an electrochemical protection method applied, inter alia, to buried steel pipelines carrying liquids and gases. In the case of high-pressure gas pipelines and lines for transmission of environmentally hazardous fluids, this form of active anti-corrosion protection is legally mandatory. The planning, application and monitoring of the effectiveness of the CCP system is specified in the relevant standards, specifications and codes of practice. A practical example is used here to show that cathodic anti-corrosion protection and, in particular, remote monitoring and measuring technology applied to it, constitute an excellent instrument for early detection of damage to the pipe sheathing and, in this example, of the pipeline itself too, and thus for prevention of harm to persons and the environment, even in the case of pipelines which are not mandatorily subject to the use of cathodic anti-corrosion protection. (orig.)

  18. Development of Laser Surface Technologies for Anti-Corrosion on Magnesium Alloys: a Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Rujian; Guan, Yingchun; Zhu, Ying

    2016-03-01

    Magnesium (Mg) alloys have been increasingly used in industries and biomaterial fields due to low density, high specific strength and biodegradability. However, poor surface-related properties are major factors that limit their practical applications. This paper mainly focuses on laser-based anti-corrosion technologies for Mg alloys, beginning with a brief review of conventional methods, and then demonstrates the feasibility of laser surface technologies including laser surface melting (LSM), laser surface alloying (LSA), laser surface cladding (LSC) and laser shock peening (LSP) in achieving enhancement of corrosion resistance. The mechanism and capability of each technique in corrosion resistance is carefully discussed. Finally, an outlook of the development of laser surface technology for Mg alloy is further concluded, aiming to serve as a guide for further research both in industry applications and biomedical devices.

  19. Reduction of cathodic delamination rates of anticorrosive coatings using free radical scavengers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Per Aggerholm; Weinell, C. E.; Dam-Johansen, Kim;

    2010-01-01

    Cathodic delamination is one of the major modes of failure for anticorrosive coatings subjected to a physical damage and immersed in seawater. The cause of cathodic delamination has been reported to be the result of a chemical attack at the coating-steel interface by free radicals and peroxides f...... against photochemical degradation by UV-radiation of top coatings. Both substrate corrosion and degradation of a coating exposed to UV-radiation lead to the formation of free radicals as reactive intermediates......., copper, aluminum, galvanized steel, and brass also showed a reduction in the rate of cathodic delamination when the coating was modified with a free radical scavenger. The protective mechanism of free radical scavengers investigated for the primers are similar to that of antioxidants used for protection...

  20. Energy conservation research of dehumidification system for main cable anticorrosion of suspension bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Ce; Fan Liangkai; Feng Zhaoxiang; Pen Guanzhong

    2011-01-01

    The necessity of the main cable anticorrosion for suspension bridge is described, and operating principles and composition of main cable dehumidification system are analyzed. An idea using the waste heat of high temperature outlet air of dehumidification system to heat up regeneration air of rotary-type dehumidifier is put forward in this paper. The concrete scheme is to install a heat exchanger on air-out pipeline of roots blower and air-in pipeline of regeneration electric heater of rotary dehumidifier. Air preheated by the heat exchanger enters regeneration electric heater of rotary-type dehumidifier. Energy conservation of main cable dehumidification system for the Yangtze River highway bridge is calculated, and the results show that energy conservation rate can reach 44 %.

  1. Self-healing Coatings for an Anti-corrosion barrier in Damaged Parts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Soo Hyoun [Andong National University, Andong (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-12-15

    Polymer coatings are commonly applied to metal substrates to prevent corrosion in aggressive environments such as high humidity and under salt water. Once the polymer coating has been breached, for example due to cracking or scratches, it loses its effectiveness, and corrosion can rapidly propagate across the substrate. The self-healing system we will describe prevents corrosion by healing the damage through a healing reaction triggered by the actual damage event. This self-healing coating solution can be easily applied to most substrate materials, and our dual-capsule healing system provides a general approach to be compatible with most common polymer matrices. Specifically, we expect an excellent anti-corrosion property of the self-healing coatings in damaged parts coated on galvanized metal substrates.

  2. Synthesis of durable microcapsules for self-healing anticorrosive coatings: A comparison of selected methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nesterova, Tatyana; Dam-Johansen, Kim; Kiil, Søren

    2011-01-01

    -based anticorrosive coatings, based on incorporation of microcapsules, filled with reactive agents, into the coating matrix, is investigated. Upon small damages to the coating, the reagents are released from the capsules and react, thereby forming a cross-linked network, which heals the crack. However......, for the concept to work, microcapsules have to be strong enough to remain intact during storage and coating formulation and application. Furthermore, the capsules must remain stable for many years in the dry coating. Laboratory experiments, using four out of several encapsulation methods available...... in the literature, have been conducted to investigate the challenges associated with the synthesis of stable microcapsules. It was found that the nature of the core material strongly affects the microcapsule stability and performance. Furthermore, it was evident that experimental procedures developed for certain...

  3. Characterization and anticorrosion properties of carbon nanotubes directly synthesized on Ni foil using ethanol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Namjo; Jwa, Eunjin; Kim, Chansoo; Hwang, Kyo Sik; Park, Soon-cheol; Jang, Moon Suk

    2016-07-01

    In this work, we describe the direct growth of carbon nanofilaments by the catalytic decomposition of ethanol on untreated polycrystalline Ni foil. Our work focuses on the effects of synthesis conditions on the growth of the carbon nanofilaments and their growth mechanism. Direct growth of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is more favorable on lower-purity Ni foil. The highest yield was obtained at approximately 750 °C. The average diameter of the CNTs was approximately 20-30 nm. Raman spectra revealed that the increase of H2 concentration in the carrier gas and synthesis temperature induced the growth of better-graphitized CNTs. Additionally, we investigated the anticorrosion properties of as-prepared products under simulated seawater conditions. The corrosion rate of the CNT/Ni foil system was maximally 50-60 times slower than that of the as-received Ni foil, indicating that the CNT coating may be a good candidate for corrosion inhibition.

  4. Anticorrosion performance of the coating/metal system by electrochemical impedance spectra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yinghuai Zhang; Lining Xu; Minxu Lu; Pu Zhang

    2008-01-01

    In order to investigate the anticorrosion performance of the organic coating/metal system, electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) were measured in the 3.5wt% NaC1 solution, the chemical component and the formation of corrosion products scale were analyzed by laser Raman microspectroscopy, and the pattern of the organic coating/metal system was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The characteristics and the delamination process of the organic coating/metal system were investigated systematically, and the emphases were on the transportation of the corrosive medium and the changes of the coating/metal interface. The results show that the impedance decreases at the initial immersion, then increases at the middle-immersion, and again decreases at last, which is related to the corrosion products scale. The concentration of Cl-in the coating, which destroys the corrosion products scale, increases with the immersion time.

  5. UV-curable nanocasting technique to prepare bioinspired superhydrophobic organic-inorganic composite anticorrosion coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. C. Chang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A UV-curing technique was used to develop advanced anticorrosive coatings made of a poly(methyl methacrylate (PMMA/silica composite (PSC with bioinspired Xanthosoma sagittifolium leaf-like superhydrophobic surfaces. First of all, a transparent soft template with negative patterns of xanthosoma sagittifolium leaf can be fabricated by thermally curing the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS pre-polymer in molds at 60°C for 4 h, followed by detaching PDMS template from the surface of natural leaf. PSC coatings with biomimetic structures can be prepared by performing the UV-radiation process upon casting UV-curable precursor with photo-initiator onto cold-rolled steel (CRS electrode under PDMS template. Subsequently, UV-radiation process was carried out by using light source with light intensity of 100 mW/cm2 with exposing wavelength of 365 nm. Surface morphologies of the as-synthesized hydrophobic PMMA (HP and superhydrophobic PSC (SPSC coatings showed a large number of micro-scaled mastoids, each decorated with many nano-scaled wrinkles that were systematically investigated by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM. The contact angles of water droplets on the sample surfaces can be increased from ~81 and 103° on PMMA and PSC surfaces to ~148 and 163° on HP and SPSC surfaces, respectively. The SPSC coating was found to provide an advanced corrosion protection effect on CRS electrodes compared to that of neat PMMA, PSC, and HP coatings based on a series of electrochemical corrosion measurements in 3.5 wt% NaCl electrolyte. Enhanced corrosion protection of SPSC coatings on CRS electrodes can be illustrated by that the silica nanoparticles on the small papillary hills of the bioinspired structure of the surface further increased the surface roughness, making the surface exhibit superior superhydrophobic, and thus leading to much better anticorrosion performance.

  6. Preparations and properties of anti-corrosion additives of water-soluble metal working fluids for aluminum alloy materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Shoji

    2008-01-01

    This short review describes various types of anti-corrosion additives of water-soluble metal working fluids for aluminum alloy materials. It is concerned with synthetic additives classified according to their functional groups; silicone compounds, carboxylic acids and dibasic acids, esters, Diels-Alder adducts, various polymers, nitrogen compounds, phosphoric esters, phosphonic acids, and others. Testing methods for water-soluble metal working fluids for aluminum alloy materials are described for a practical application in a laboratory. PMID:18075217

  7. One-pot synthesis of NiAl-CO3 LDH anti-corrosion coatings from CO2-saturated precursors

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Yi; Yu, Tongwen; Cai, Rui; Li, Yanshuo; Yang, Weishen; Caro, Juergen

    2015-01-01

    Anti-corrosive coatings based on layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have been considered as promising alternatives to conventional chromate-containing conversion coatings. Among various LDHs, carbonate-intercalated LDH coatings with a c-axis preferred orientation should be the optimum structure for protecting metals against corrosion. Herein we successfully prepared NiAl–CO3 LDH coatings on aluminium plates in one step. Particularly it was found that CO2 dissolved in the precursor solution exer...

  8. Aminobenzoate modified MgAl hydrotalcites as a novel smart additive of reinforced concrete for anticorrosion applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Z.; Fischer, H.R.; Cerezo, J.; Mol, J.M.C.; Polder, R.B.

    2013-01-01

    A carbonate form of MgAl hydrotalcite, Mg(2)Al-CO3 and its p-aminobenzoate (pAB) modified derivative, Mg(2)Al-pAB, were synthesized and characterized by means of XRD, FT-IR and TG/DSC. The anticorrosion behavior of Mg(2)Al-pAB was evaluated based on open circuit potential (OCP) of carbon steel in si

  9. Long-Term Anti-Corrosion Performance of a Conducting Polymer-Based Coating System for Steels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Tongyan; Yu, Qifeng

    2016-06-01

    The long-term durability of a two-layer coating system was evaluated by two accelerated corrosion tests, i.e., the ASTM B117 Salt spray test and the ASTM D5894 Cyclic salt fog/UV exposure test, and a series of surface analyses. The coating system was developed for protecting structural steels from corrosion, including a functional primer made of intrinsically conducting polymer (ICP) and a protective topcoat. The standard pull-off test per ASTM D4541 was employed for characterizing the adhesion of the coating systems to substrate, aided by visual examination of the surface deterioration of the samples. The ICP-based systems demonstrated superior long-term anti-corrosion capacity when a polyurethane topcoat is used. The ICP-based primer made of a waterborne epoxy gave poorer anti-corrosion performance than the ICP-based primer made of regular non-waterborne epoxy, which can be attributed to the lower adhesion the waterborne epoxy demonstrated to the substrate surface. The zinc-rich control systems showed good anti-corrosion durability; however, they may produce excessive oxidative products of zinc to cause coating delamination. Based on the test results, the two-layer coating system consisting of an ICP-based primer and a polyurethane topcoat outperforms the conventional zinc-rich coating systems for corrosion protection of steels.

  10. Preparation technology and anti-corrosion performances of black ceramic coatings formed by micro-arc oxidation on aluminum alloys

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Ling; HAN Jing; YU Shengxue

    2006-01-01

    In order to prepare ornamental and anti-corrosive coating on aluminum alloys, preparation technology of black micro-arc ceramic coatings on Al alloys in silicate based electrolyte was studied.The influence of content of Na2WO4 and combination additive in solution on the performance of black ceramic coatings was studied; the anticorrosion performances of black ceramic coatings were evaluated through whole-immersion test and electrochemical method in 3.5% NaCl solution at different pH value; SEM and XRD were used to analyze the surface morphology and phase constitutes of the black ceramic coatings.Experimental results indicated that, without combination additives, with the increasing of Na2WO4 content in the electrolyte, ceramic coating became darker and thicker, but the color was not black; after adding combination additive, the coating turned to be black; the black ceramic coating was multi-hole form in surface.There was a small quantity of tungsten existing in the black ceramic coating beside α-Al2O3 phase and β-Al2O3 phase.And aluminum alloy with black ceramic coating exhibited excellent anti-corrosion property in acid, basic and neutral 3.5% NaCl solution.

  11. Nano-engineering of superhydrophobic aluminum surfaces for anti-corrosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Chanyoung

    Metal corrosion is a serious problem, both economically and operationally, for engineering systems such as aircraft, automobiles, pipelines, and naval vessels. In such engineering systems, aluminum is one of the primary materials of construction due to its light weight compared to steel and good general corrosion resistance. However, because of aluminum's relatively lower resistance to corrosion in salt water environments, protective measures such as thick coatings, paints, or cathodic protection must be used for satisfactory service life. Unfortunately, such anti-corrosion methods can create other concerns, such as environmental contamination, protection durability, and negative impact on hydrodynamic efficiency. Recently, a novel approach to preventing metal corrosion has emerged, using superhydrophobic surfaces. Superhydrophobic surfaces create a composite interface to liquid by retaining air within the surface structures, thus minimizing the direct contact of the liquid environment to the metal surface. The result is a highly non-wetting and anti-adherent surface that can offer other benefits such as biofouling resistance and hydrodynamic low friction. Prior research with superhydrophobic surfaces for corrosion applications was based on irregular surface roughening and/or chemical coatings, which resulted in random surface features, mostly on the micrometer scale. Such microscale surface roughness with poor controllability of structural dimensions and shapes has been a critical limitation to deeper understanding of the anti-corrosive effectiveness and optimized application of this approach. The research reported here provides a novel approach to producing controlled superhydrophobic nanostructures on aluminum that allows a systematic investigation of the superhydrophobic surface parameters on the corrosion resistance and hence can provide a route to optimization of the surface. Electrochemical anodization is used to controllably modulate the oxide layer

  12. Advanced Anticorrosion Coating Materials Derived from Sunflower Oil with Bifunctional Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balakrishnan, Thiruparasakthi; Sathiyanarayanan, Sadagopan; Mayavan, Sundar

    2015-09-01

    High-performance barrier films preventing permeation of moisture, aggressive chloride ions, and corrosive acids are important for many industries ranging from food to aviation. In the current study, pristine sunflower oil was used to form uniform adherent films on iron (Fe) via a simple single-step thermal treatment (without involving any initiator/mediator/catalyst). Oxidation of oil on heating results in a highly conjugated (oxidized) crystalline lamellar network with interlayer separation of 0.445 nm on Fe. The electrochemical corrosion tests proved that the coating exhibits superior anticorrosion performance with high coating resistance (>10(9) ohm cm2) and low capacitance values (oil coatings developed in this study provided a two-fold protection of passivation from the oxide layer and barrier from polymeric films. It is clearly observed that there is no change in structure, morphology, or electrochemical properties even after a prolonged exposure time of 80 days. This work indicates the prospect of developing highly inert, environmentally green, nontoxic, and micrometer level passivating barrier coatings from more sustainable and renewable sources, which can be of interest for numerous applications.

  13. Influence of Functionalization of Nanocontainers on Self-Healing Anticorrosive Coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Zhaoliang; Schenderlein, Matthias; Huang, Xing; Brownbill, Nick J; Blanc, Frédéric; Shchukin, Dmitry

    2015-10-21

    Feedback coating based on pH-induced release of inhibitor from organosilyl-functionalized containers is considered as a compelling candidate to achieve smart self-healing corrosion protection. Four key factors that determine the overall coating performance include (1) the uptake and release capacity of containers, (2) prevention of the premature leakage, (3) compatibility of containers in coating matrix, and (4) cost and procedure simplicity consideration. The critical influence introduced by organosilyl-functionalization of containers is systematically demonstrated by investigating MCM-41 silica nanoparticles modified with ethylenediamine (en), en-4-oxobutanoic acid salt (en-COO(-)), and en-triacetate (en-(COO(-))3) with higher and lower organic contents. The properties of the modified silica nanoparticles as containers were mainly characterized by solid-state (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, N2 sorption, thermogravimetric analysis, small-angle X-ray scattering, dynamic light scattering, and UV-vis spectroscopy. Finally, the self-healing ability and anticorrosive performances of hybrid coatings were examined through scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). We found that en-(COO(-))3-type functionalization with content of only 0.23 mmol/g performed the best as a candidate for establishing pH-induced release system because the resulting capped and loaded (C-L) functionalized silica nanocontainers (FSNs) exhibit high loading (26 wt %) and release (80%) capacities for inhibitor, prevention of premature leakage (less than 2%), good dispersibility in coating matrix, and cost effectiveness.

  14. Polypropylene Glycol-Silver Nanoparticle Composites: A Novel Anticorrosion Material for Aluminum in Acid Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Moses M.; Umoren, Saviour A.; Israel, Aniekemeabasi U.; Ebenso, Eno E.

    2015-11-01

    Admixture of polypropylene glycol and 1 mM AgNO3 together with natural honey as reducing and stabilizing agent was employed to prepare in situ polypropylene glycol/silver nanoparticle (PPG/AgNPs) composite. The prepared PPG/AgNPs composite was characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR, XRD, and EDS, while the morphology of the Ag nanoparticles in the composite was obtained by TEM. TEM results revealed that the Ag nanoparticles were spherical in shape. The anticorrosion property of PPG/AgNPs composite was examined by electrochemical, weight loss, SEM, EDS, and water contact angle measurements. Results obtained show that PPG/AgNPs are effective in retarding the dissolution of Al in an acid-induced corrosive environment. Inhibition efficiency increased with the increasing composite concentration but decreased with the increasing temperature. Potentiodynamic polarization results revealed that PPG/AgNPs functions as a mixed-type corrosion inhibitor. The adsorption of the composite onto Al surface was found to follow El-Awady et al. adsorption isotherm model. SEM, EDS, and water contact angle results confirmed the adsorption of PPG/AgNPs films onto Al surface.

  15. Fabrication and Assessment of Crumb-Rubber-Modified Coatings with Anticorrosive Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser Al-Aqeeli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Scrap tires continue to be a major source of waste due to the lack of valuable and effective disposal routes. A viable solution to this problem is to recycle crumb rubber (CR—a granulated material derived from scrap tires—and use it to develop other valuable products. Herein we report the fabrication and characterization of CR-modified coatings with anticorrosive properties on metal substrates. By varying the particle size and concentration of CR, we have determined the coating composition that offers the highest level of erosion protection. Images from a scanning electron microscope (SEM reveal that CR is homogenously dispersed in the coating, especially when fine particles are used. As the concentration of CR increases, the hardness of the coating decreases as a result of the elastic properties of CR. More importantly, the erosion rate of the coating decreases due to increased ductility. Following Potentiodynamic tests, the utilization of these coatings proved to be beneficial as they showed good protection against aqueous corrosion when tested in 0.5 M NaCl solution. Our newly developed coatings offer an incentive to recycling CR and open up a safe and sustainable route to the disposal of scrap tires.

  16. Mechanical and anticorrosion properties of nanosilica-filled epoxy-resin composite coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conradi, M.; Kocijan, A.; Kek-Merl, D.; Zorko, M.; Verpoest, I.

    2014-02-01

    Homogeneous, 50-μm-thick, epoxy coatings and composite epoxy coatings containing 2 wt% of 130-nm silica particles were successfully synthetized on austenitic stainless steel of the type AISI 316L. The surface morphology and mechanical properties of these coatings were compared and characterized using a profilometer, defining the average surface roughness and the Vickers hardness, respectively. The effects of incorporating the silica particles on the surface characteristics and the corrosion resistance of the epoxy-coated steel were additionally investigated with contact-angle measurements as well as by potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in a 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. The silica particles were found to significantly improve the microstructure of the coating matrix, which was reflected in an increased hardness, increased surface roughness and induced hydrophobicity. Finally, the silica/epoxy coating was proven to serve as a successful barrier in a chloride-ion-rich environment with an enhanced anticorrosive performance, which was confirmed by the reduced corrosion rate and the increased coating resistance due to zigzagging of the diffusion path available to the ionic species.

  17. A superhydrophilic nitinol shape memory alloy with enhanced anti-biofouling and anti-corrosion properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, K; Min, T; Jung, J-Y; Shin, D; Nam, Y

    2016-01-01

    This work reports on a nitinol (NiTi) surface modification scheme based on a chemical oxidation method, and characterizes its effects on wetting, biofouling and corrosion. The scheme developed is also compared with selected previous oxidation methods. The proposed method turns NiTi into superhydrophilic in ~5 min, and the static contact angle and contact angle hysteresis were measured to be ~7° and ~12°, respectively. In the PRP (platelet rich plasma) test, platelet adhesion was reduced by ~89% and ~77% respectively, compared with the original NiTi and the NiTi treated with the previous chemical oxidation scheme. The method developed provides a high (~1.1 V) breakdown voltage, which surpasses the ASTM standard for intervascular medical devices. It also provides higher superhydrophilicity, hemo-compatibility and anti-corrosion resistance than previous oxidation schemes, with a significantly reduced process time (~5 min), and will help the development of high performance NiTi devices.

  18. Advanced Anticorrosion Coating Materials Derived from Sunflower Oil with Bifunctional Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balakrishnan, Thiruparasakthi; Sathiyanarayanan, Sadagopan; Mayavan, Sundar

    2015-09-01

    High-performance barrier films preventing permeation of moisture, aggressive chloride ions, and corrosive acids are important for many industries ranging from food to aviation. In the current study, pristine sunflower oil was used to form uniform adherent films on iron (Fe) via a simple single-step thermal treatment (without involving any initiator/mediator/catalyst). Oxidation of oil on heating results in a highly conjugated (oxidized) crystalline lamellar network with interlayer separation of 0.445 nm on Fe. The electrochemical corrosion tests proved that the coating exhibits superior anticorrosion performance with high coating resistance (>10(9) ohm cm2) and low capacitance values (oil coatings developed in this study provided a two-fold protection of passivation from the oxide layer and barrier from polymeric films. It is clearly observed that there is no change in structure, morphology, or electrochemical properties even after a prolonged exposure time of 80 days. This work indicates the prospect of developing highly inert, environmentally green, nontoxic, and micrometer level passivating barrier coatings from more sustainable and renewable sources, which can be of interest for numerous applications. PMID:26292971

  19. 《建筑钢结构防腐蚀技术规程》设计使用介绍%Introduction of design application of Technical specification for anticorrosion of building steel structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡伦基

    2012-01-01

    Major contents of relevant anticorrosion mechanism and anticorrosion design of Technical specification for anticorrosion of building steel structure were introduced.It included the judgement of corrosivity grade;corrosion allowance;anticorrosion structure measure;rust-clearing method and grade classification;design principle and thickness of anticorrosion covering layer;cooperation use of anticorrosive painting;applied environment,metal selection of metal thermal spraying and occlude treatment of heat spraying layer;anticorrosive and fireproofing of steel structure.Anticorrosion design examples of building steel structure were also given.%介绍了《建筑钢结构防腐蚀技术规程》(JGJ/T 251—2011)有关的防腐蚀机理和防腐蚀设计的主要内容。主要包括:腐蚀性等级的判定,腐蚀裕量,防腐蚀构造措施,除锈方法和等级划分,防腐蚀保护层的设计原则、厚度选定,防腐涂装的配套使用,金属热喷涂的使用环境、热喷金属选择、热喷涂层封闭处理,钢结构防腐与防火。并通过算例介绍建筑钢结构防腐蚀的设计。

  20. A Comparative Study on Graphene Oxide and Carbon Nanotube Reinforcement of PMMA-Siloxane-Silica Anticorrosive Coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harb, Samarah V; Pulcinelli, Sandra H; Santilli, Celso V; Knowles, Kevin M; Hammer, Peter

    2016-06-29

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene oxide (GO) have been used to reinforce PMMA-siloxane-silica nanocomposites considered to be promising candidates for environmentally compliant anticorrosive coatings. The organic-inorganic hybrids were prepared by benzoyl peroxide (BPO)-induced polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) covalently bonded through 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate (MPTS) to silica domains formed by hydrolytic condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). Single-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide nanosheets were dispersed by surfactant addition and in a water/ethanol solution, respectively. These were added to PMMA-siloxane-silica hybrids at a carbon (CNT or GO) to silicon (TEOS and MPTS) molar ratio of 0.05% in two different matrices, both prepared at BPO/MMA molar ratios of 0.01 and 0.05. Atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy showed very smooth, homogeneous, and defect-free surfaces of approximately 3-7 μm thick coatings deposited onto A1020 carbon steel by dip coating. Mechanical testing and thermogravimetric analysis confirmed that both additives CNT and GO improved the scratch resistance, adhesion, wear resistance, and thermal stability of PMMA-siloxane-silica coatings. Results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in 3.5% NaCl solution, discussed in terms of equivalent circuits, showed that the reinforced hybrid coatings act as a very efficient anticorrosive barrier with an impedance modulus up to 1 GΩ cm(2), approximately 5 orders of magnitude higher than that of bare carbon steel. In the case of GO addition, the high corrosion resistance was maintained for more than 6 months in saline medium. These results suggest that both carbon nanostructures can be used as structural reinforcement agents, improving the thermal and mechanical resistance of high performance anticorrosive PMMA-siloxane-silica coatings and thus extending their application range to abrasive environments. PMID:27266403

  1. Development of an environmentally benign anticorrosion coating for aluminum alloy using green pigments and organofunctional silanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Zhangzhang

    Aerospace aluminum alloys such as Al alloy 2024-T3 and 7075-T6 are subject to localized corrosion due the existence of intermetallics containing Cu, Mg or Zn. Current protection measurement employs substantial use of chromate and high VOC organics, both of which are identified as environment and health hazards. The approach of this study is to utilize a combination of organofunctional silanes and a compatible inhibitor integrated into high-performance waterborne resins. First, an extensive pigment screening has been done to find replacements for chromates using the testing methodology for fast corrosion inhibition evaluation and pigment. Zinc phosphate and calcium zinc phosphomolybdate were found to have the best overall performance on Al alloys. Some new corrosion inhibitors were synthesized by chemical methods or modified by plasma polymerization for use in the coatings. Low-VOC, chromate-free primers (superprimer) were developed using these pigments with silane and acrylic-epoxy resins. The developed superprimer demonstrated good corrosion inhibition on aluminum substrates. The functions of inhibitor and silane in the coating were investigated. Both silane and inhibitor are critical for the performance of the superprimer. Silane was found to improve the adhesion of the coating to the substrate and also facilitate corrosion prevention. Addition of zinc phosphate to the coating improved the resistance of a scratched area against corrosion. The microstructure of the acrylic-epoxy superprimer coating was studied. SEM/EDAX revealed that the superprimer has a self-assembled stratified double-layer structure which accounts for the strong anti-corrosion performance of the zinc phosphate pigment. Zinc phosphate leaches out from the coating to actively protect the scratched area. The leaching of pigment was confirmed in the ICP-MS analysis and the leaching rate was measured. Coating-metal interface and the scribe of coated panels subjected to corrosion test was studied

  2. Anticorrosive field joint coating qualification, heat shrinkable sleeve; Qualificacao de revestimento anticorrosivo para juntas de campo, mantas termocontrateis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cabral, Glaucia B.; Koebsch, Andre; Castinheiras Junior, Wilson [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    The main objective of this job is to present the quality requirements fixed by PETROBRAS for anticorrosive field joint coating for buried pipelines, industrially coated with PE-3L. It describes the used system - polyethylene based heat shrinkable sleeve - comparing with the existent on the pipeline. So, it exposes the suppliers' qualification stages, which include test carried out for the materials, for the sleeve set and for the coating after its application on the joint field. Finally, it shows that the experience, which has been gotten in the qualification, consolidated the quality control systematic that have been carry out during the sleeves acquisition and application at the pipeline construction. (author)

  3. Influence of Functionalization of Nanocontainers on Self-Healing Anticorrosive Coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Zhaoliang; Schenderlein, Matthias; Huang, Xing; Brownbill, Nick J; Blanc, Frédéric; Shchukin, Dmitry

    2015-10-21

    Feedback coating based on pH-induced release of inhibitor from organosilyl-functionalized containers is considered as a compelling candidate to achieve smart self-healing corrosion protection. Four key factors that determine the overall coating performance include (1) the uptake and release capacity of containers, (2) prevention of the premature leakage, (3) compatibility of containers in coating matrix, and (4) cost and procedure simplicity consideration. The critical influence introduced by organosilyl-functionalization of containers is systematically demonstrated by investigating MCM-41 silica nanoparticles modified with ethylenediamine (en), en-4-oxobutanoic acid salt (en-COO(-)), and en-triacetate (en-(COO(-))3) with higher and lower organic contents. The properties of the modified silica nanoparticles as containers were mainly characterized by solid-state (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, N2 sorption, thermogravimetric analysis, small-angle X-ray scattering, dynamic light scattering, and UV-vis spectroscopy. Finally, the self-healing ability and anticorrosive performances of hybrid coatings were examined through scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). We found that en-(COO(-))3-type functionalization with content of only 0.23 mmol/g performed the best as a candidate for establishing pH-induced release system because the resulting capped and loaded (C-L) functionalized silica nanocontainers (FSNs) exhibit high loading (26 wt %) and release (80%) capacities for inhibitor, prevention of premature leakage (less than 2%), good dispersibility in coating matrix, and cost effectiveness. PMID:26393678

  4. Fabrication of anticorrosive multilayer onto magnesium alloy substrates via spin-assisted layer-by-layer technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloy, we reported a novel approach for the fabrication of anticorrosive multilayers onto AZ91D substrates. The multilayers were composed of poly(ethylene imine) (PEI), poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) and 8-hydroxyquinoline (8HQ). They were deposited onto AZ91D substrates via a spin-assisted layer-by-layer (LbL) technique. The multilayered structure was stabilized with glutaraldehyde (GA) as crossing linker. It was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Surface morphologies and elemental compositions of the formed anticorrosive multilayers were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. The corrosion performance of the multilayer coated AZ91D substrates was characterized by hydrogen evolution. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization measurements suggested that the multilayered coating improved the corrosion resistance of AZ91D substrates. In vitro study revealed that the multilayered coating was cytocompatible. The study provides a potential alternative for the fabrication of corrosion resistant magnesium alloy-based implants. Highlights: → Corrosion protective multilayers have been constructed onto AZ91D substrates via layer by layer technique. → The multilayered structured containing 8-hydroxyquinoline highly improves the corrosion resistance of AZ91D substrates. → The novel multilayered coating is potentially important for developing corrosion resistant magnesium alloy-based implants.

  5. Action mechanism of antioxidation and anticorrosion andmolecular design for perfiuoropolyether fluid additives (Ⅱ)Synthesis and measurement of N-substituted perfluoropolyalkylether phenyla-mide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Three kinds of the antioxidation and anticorrosion additives from the N-substituted per-fluoropolyalkylether phenylamide (PFPEA) were selected and synthesized. UV and IR spectralanalyses were carried out, and strong absorption peaks of UV from benzene ring are about 240.7,215.4 and 230.1 nm, respectively. The characteristic peaks of IR from the C==O are about 1713.9,1712.2 and 1710.8 cm-1, respectively. The antioxidant and anticorrosive property was tested forthe three synthesized additives. The results show that the weight loss of lubrication oil can de-crease by 1/7, 1/9 and 1/25 respectively after adding synthesized additives. The thermal decom-position temperature(TD) in the presence of Al2O3 can increase by 19-22℃. From theoretic andexperimental study it indicates that the PFPEAs with nitrogen heteroatom not only accepts electronfrom perfluoropolyalkylether oxygen radical (RfO.) to form a stable adduct and to prevent RfO. de-composing further, but also donates electron to form chemical adsorption film and to protect metalfrom corrosion. These additives have shown the better property of the antioxidation and anticorro-sion. An electron-releasing group, or phenyl group, introduced to the N-atom of this kind of com-pound can improve the antioxidant and anticorrosive efficiency of the additives.

  6. Action mechanism of antioxidation and anticorrosion and molecular design for perfluoropolyether fluid additives (I) --Action mechanism of additive and property of donating-accepting electron

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The combination energy and chemical adsorption energy of N-substituted perfluoropoly- alkyletherphenylamide (PFPEA) additive to perfluoropolyalkylether oxygen radical (RfO.) and to Fe atom have been calculated by quantum chemical methods. Structural characteristics, action mechanism, property of donating-accepting electron and substituent effect for antioxidant and anticorrosive additive are investigated. It is found that HOMO of the additives is a p-molecular orbital with lone pair electron of heteroatom. The HOMO of PFPEA additive reacts with LUMO of Fe atom to result in chemical adsorption. The LUMO of additive can interact with the SOMO of RfO. and accept electron of RfO. to form stable addition product. The additives have the property of donating-accepting electron. The electron-releasing group, particularly, the phenyl group, introduced to N atom of phenylamide can increase the combination energy and chemical adsorption energy, and enhance the antioxidant and anticorrosive efficiency. The research achievements can provide useful information for the designing of new antioxidant and anticorrosive additive. Based on the calculated results, antioxidant and anticorrosive efficiency can be predicted roughly as the following order: compounds III>II>I>IV>V.

  7. Epoxy coatings for anticorrosion challenges: a link between chemistry and performance?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sauvant-Moynot, Valerie; Schweitzer, Sylvie; Grenier, Jacky; Duval, Sebastien [Institut Francais du Petrole, 1 et 4 avenue Bois Preau, 92450 Rueil-Malmaison (France)

    2004-07-01

    Epoxy coatings have been used extensively for pipeline protection in the oil and gas industries over the past decades. Thank to their outstanding adhesive properties, epoxy resins are classically used for external coating of offshore pipelines although cathodic protection is applied. They provide corrosion protection while being used as neat coating or as primer layer in a three-layer coating. Protection of internal pipelines devoted to gas transport is another application of epoxy coatings. Whatever the case, the choice of the right epoxy formulation should be adapted to the service conditions, namely exposition medium and temperature, in order to provide efficient and sustainable corrosion protection. Epoxy resins constitute a wide family and classical formulations may not fulfill the requirements of today's challenges: as pipelines are require d to operate in more and more difficult conditions, coatings are expected to function in higher temperature conditions; additionally, practical conditions such as temporary injection of methanol make the environmental exposure of the epoxy coating harsher. Therefore, there is a need of a better knowledge of technical performance and limitations of high temperature epoxy resins. This paper examined the influence of the epoxy network architecture on their protection properties and durability while exposed to distilled / sea water at 110 deg. C and to methanol at room temperature. The objective was to investigate the link between resin chemistry and final performance with respect to anticorrosion applications. Five epoxy resin formulations mixed in stoichiometric proportions were cured and post-cured to infinite extent in order to achieve densely cross-linked networks exhibiting controlled and reproducible architectures. Gravimetric and pressurised differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements were performed to evaluate the plasticization effect of both water and methanol on formulations under study. The related

  8. Development of anti-corrosion coating on low activation materials against fluoridation and oxidation in Flibe blanket environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagasaka, Takuya, E-mail: Nagasaka@nifs.ac.jp [National Institute for Fusion Science, Oroshi 322-6, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Kondo, Masatoshi; Muroga, Takeo; Sagara, Akio; Motojima, Osamu [National Institute for Fusion Science, Oroshi 322-6, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Tsutsumi, Tatsuya; Oishi, Tatsuya [Shinto Industrial Co., Ltd., Kururi 376-10, Tokitsu, Nagasaki 851-2107 (Japan)

    2010-12-15

    W coating by vacuum plasma spray process and Cr coating by chromizing process were performed on fusion low activation materials, JLF-1 ferritic steel and NIFS-HEAT-2 vanadium alloy. The present study discusses feasibility of the coatings as anti-corrosion coating against fluoridation in Flibe for fusion low activation materials. Coatings were characterized by microstructural analysis and examination on chemical stability by corrosion tests. The corrosion tests were conducted with H{sub 2}O-47% HF solution at RT and He-1% HF-0.06 H{sub 2}O gas mixture at 823 K to simulate fluoridation and oxidation in Flibe. The coatings presented suppression of fluoride formation compared with JLF-1 or NIFS-HEAT-2, however weight loss due to WF{sub 6} formation was induced, and much Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} was formed.

  9. Development and evaluation of electroless Ag-PTFE composite coatings with anti-microbial and anti-corrosion properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Q.; Liu, Y.; Wang, C.

    2005-12-01

    Electroless Ag-polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) composite coatings were prepared on stainless steel sheets. The existence and distribution of PTFE in the coatings were analysed with an energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX). The contact angle values and surface energies of the Ag-PTFE coatings, silver coating, stainless steel, titanium and E. coli Rosetta were measured. The experimental results showed that stainless steel surfaces coated with Ag-PTFE reduced E. coli attachment by 94-98%, compared with silver coating, stainless steel or titanium surfaces. The anti-bacterial mechanism of the Ag-PTFE composite coatings was explained with the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory. The anticorrosion properties of the Ag-PTFE composite coatings in 0.9% NaCl solution were studied. The results showed that the corrosion resistance of the Ag-PTFE composite coatings was superior to that of stainless steel 316L.

  10. An electrochemical method for evaluating the resistance to cathodic disbondment of anti-corrosion coatings on buried pipelines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Methods for evaluating the resistance to cathodic disbondment (RCD) of anti-corrosion coatings on buried pipelines were reviewed. It is obvious that these traditional cathodic disbondment tests (CDT) have some disadvantages and the evaluated results are only simple figures and always rely on the subjective experience of the operator. A new electrochemical method for evaluating the RCD of coatings, that is, the potentiostatic evaluation method (PEM), was developed and studied. During potentiostatic anodic polarization testing, the changes of stable polarization current of specimens before and after cathodic disbonding (CD) were measured,and the degree of cathodic disbondment of the coating was quantitatively evaluated, among which the equivalent cathodic disbonded distance △D was suggested as a parameter for evaluating the RCD. A series of testing parameters of the PEM were determined in these experiments.

  11. Modifying the TiAlZr biomaterial surface with coating, for a better anticorrosive and antibacterial performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ionita, Daniela; Grecu, Mihaela; Ungureanu, Camelia [University ' Politehnica' of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science 1-7, Polizu Str., 011061, Bucharest (Romania); Demetrescu, Ioana, E-mail: i_demetrescu@chim.upb.ro [University ' Politehnica' of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science 1-7, Polizu Str., 011061, Bucharest (Romania)

    2011-08-15

    The paper investigates the increase of anticorrosive and antimicrobial properties of a composite elaborated by coating TiAlZr with Ag nanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by reducing silver salts using NaBH{sub 4}, and were characterized using dynamic light scattering instrument to determine the size distribution. The morphological and elemental analysis of Ag nanoparticles on the TiAlZr surface were performed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy disperse spectroscopy (EDS). Antibacterial activity was evaluated on the basis of the inhibition of the growth of Escherichia coli bacteria, and of the electrochemical parameters from dynamic polarization tests performed in Ringers bioliquid. An empirical model of antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles at biointerface in the presence of TiAlZr implant was discussed.

  12. Anticorrosion Performance of Carbon Steel in 55% LiBr Solution Containing PMA/SbBr3 Inhibitor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Xian-qi; LIANG Cheng-hao; HUANG Nai-bao

    2006-01-01

    The anticorrosion performance of carbon steel in 55% LiBr solution containing PMA/SbBr3 inhibitor was studied by weight-loss tests, electrochemical measurements and surface analysis. In 55%LiBr+PMA/SbBr3 solution, corrosion rates of carbon steel at 145 ℃, 175 ℃, 190 ℃ and 240 ℃ are 18.32 μm·a-1, 27.68 μm·a-1, 53.58 μm·a-1 and 73.78 μm·a-1, respectively. PMA/SbBr3 inhibitor may inhibit the corrosion of carbon steel in 55% LiBr solution effectively. Especially, it shows an excellent corrosion inhibition performance at high temperature. Both anodic and cathodic reactions of carbon steel may be inhibited by PMA/SbBr3 inhibitor, so it may be classified as mixed inhibitor. In 55%LiBr+PMA/SbBr3 solution, the apparent activation energy of the corrosion reaction of carbon steel is 29.61 kJ·mol-1. The corrosion inhibition mechanism of PMA/SbBr3 is suggested as follows: PMA has the effect of inhibiting hydrogen evolution and a strong oxidizing property; Sb3+ also exhibits oxidizing properties, and can exist stably with PMA in LiBr solutions; the passive film comprising Fe2O3 and antimony formed on carbon steel surface may prevent Br- from diffusing into the metal surface due to the synergistic effect of PMA and Sb3+; As a result, the anticorrosion performance of carbon steel may be improved by PMA/SbBr3 inhibitor in 55% LiBr solution.

  13. Anticorrosion Coating of Carbon Nanotube/Polytetrafluoroethylene Composite Film on the Stainless Steel Bipolar Plate for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshiyuki Show; Toshimitsu Nakashima; Yuta Fukami

    2013-01-01

    Composite film of carbon nanotube (CNT) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was formed from dispersion fluids of CNT and PTFE. The composite film showed high electrical conductivity in the range of 0.1–13 S/cm and hydrophobic nature. This composite film was applied to stainless steel (SS) bipolar plates of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) as anticorrosion film. This coating decreased the contact resistance between the surface of the bipolar plate and the membrane electrode assemb...

  14. 聚苯胺——新一代环境友好防腐材料%Polyaniline --A New Generation of Environmentally Friendly Anticorrosion Material

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李应平; 王献红; 李季; 王佛松

    2011-01-01

    Common metal anticorrosion coatings are generally based on zinc powder; however, mass use of zinc based coating may cause heavy metal pollution in the media, and there also exists concern for the sustainable supply of zinc resource. Conducting polymers possess reversible redox performance, which enables them to be the new anticorrosion agents, and their anticorrosion performance has attracted intense attentions since late 1980s, Among them, polyanilines are of particular interest due to their environmental stability, easy synthesis, and relatively low cost. The prominent protection performance of polyaniline has been confirmed by numerous experiments, and some anticorrosion coating products have been developed in Germany, the United States and China. The progress in basic research and practical application of polyaniline as anticorrosion material is systemically reviewed, and the unique protection mechanisms of polyaniline are discussed in detail. Analyses are also made on the existing problems in polyaniline anticorrosion materials. It is concluded that the polyanilines are expected to be the new generation of anticorrosion material with nontoxic and pollution-free characteristics.%普通的金属防腐蚀涂层主要以锌粉为防锈剂,但是大规模使用锌粉容易产生重金属污染,且锌粉的的持续稳定供应也是令人关注的问题。导电高分子具有可逆的氧化还原特性,其金属防腐能力已经得到证实,因此导电高分子作为一种新型的防腐蚀材料受到人们的广泛关注,并逐渐成为当前腐蚀科学领域研究的一大热点。其中聚苯胺以其优异的环境稳定性,合成简单,且价格相对较低,得到了特别的关注,相应的防腐产品也已经在德国、美国和中国等国部分商业化。本文系统总结了国内外在聚苯胺防腐材料方面的基础研究以及实际应用进展,重点探讨了聚苯胺的独特防腐机理,并对目前聚苯胺防腐

  15. REACH exposure assessment of anticorrosive paint products--determination of exposure from application and service life to the aquatic environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gade, Anne Lill; Heiaas, Harald; Thomas, Kevin; Hylland, Ketil

    2011-12-01

    The European Community Regulation on the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals (REACH) introduced exposure scenarios describing safe use quantitatively, and enhancing the importance of scientific based exposure assessments. This paper presents methods to determine exposure from the airless spray application of anti-corrosive paint and leaching of painted articles submerged in seawater, to establish whether it is possible to test these exposures in a reproducible and feasible way. The paper also presents results from using the methods in order to assess how well the default values recommended under REACH coincide with the tested values and corresponding values available in literature. The methods used were feasible under laboratory conditions. The reproducibility of the application study was shown to be good and all analyses of the leaching showed concentrations below detection limit. More replicates will be required to validate the reproducibility of the growth inhibition tests. Measured values for the present overspray scenario were between, and the leaching values below, values from REACH guidelines and emission scenario documents. Further development of the methods is recommended. PMID:21964505

  16. 遗体防腐处理方法%The Methods for Mortal Remains Anti-corrosion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      为了促进医学教学与遗体器官捐献事业发展,我国已经在中国红十字会的引领下开展遗体捐献与接收工作。本文叙述遗体接收利用单位对遗体的防腐处理方法,在处理过程中可能遇到的问题与处理方式。期待更多医疗卫生相关单位掌握防腐处理技术,促进我国遗体捐献工作。%In order to promote the development of medical teach-ing and organ donation of the body, we have carried out under the lead of the Red Cross Society of China remains donation and re-ceipt of work. This article describes receiving unit for anticorro-sion treatment of the remains of the body, and may encounter problems during the process and approach. Looking forward to more access to preservative treatment technology of medical and health, promoting body donation in China.

  17. Development of Castor oil Modified Epoxy Polyurethane Anti-corrosion Coatings%蓖麻油改性环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李阳

    2012-01-01

    A kind of castor oil-modified epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating was introduced. Castor oil modified isocyanate prepolymer and epoxy resin were used as basic materials,cheap talc, titanium dioxide, precipitated barium sulfate were used as pigment and filler , a kind of low cost and excellent performance anti-corrosion coating was developed. The performance of the coating developed under optimized conditions was detected. Castor oil modified epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating and epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating were compared. The results show that castor oil modified epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating is better than epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating in the aspects of acid - resistant, alkali - resistant and seawater - resistant.%介绍了一种蓖麻油改性的环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料、以蓖麻油改性异氰酸酯预聚物和环氧树脂为基料,以价格较为低廉的滑石粉、钛白粉、沉淀硫酸钡为颜填料制备了成本较低,件能较为优异的防腐蚀涂料.检测了优化条件下制备的涂料的性能.以蓖麻油改性环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料和未经蓖麻油改件的环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料进行防腐蚀性能对比,蓖麻油改性环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料的耐酸、碱、盐水等防腐蚀性能更好.

  18. Preparation of silver-cuprous oxide/stearic acid composite coating with superhydrophobicity on copper substrate and evaluation of its friction-reducing and anticorrosion abilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Peipei [Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Special Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004 (China); Chen, Xinhua [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuchang University, Xuchang 461000 (China); Yang, Guangbin; Yu, Laigui [Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Special Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004 (China); Zhang, Pingyu, E-mail: pingyu@henu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Special Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004 (China)

    2014-01-15

    A simple two-step solution immersion process was combined with surface-modification by stearic acid to prepare superhydrophobic coatings on copper substrates so as to reduce friction coefficient, increase wear resistance and improve the anticorrosion ability of copper. Briefly, cuprous oxide (Cu{sub 2}O) crystal coating with uniform and compact tetrahedron structure was firstly created by immersing copper substrate in 2 mol L{sup −1} NaOH solution. As-obtained Cu{sub 2}O coating was then immersed in 0.33 mmol L{sup −1} AgNO{sub 3} solution to incorporate silver nanoparticles, followed by modification with stearic acid (denoted as SA) coating to achieve hydrophobicity. The surface morphology and chemical composition of silver-cuprous oxide/stearic acid (denoted as Ag-Cu{sub 2}O/SA) composite coating were investigated using a scanning electron microscope and an X-ray photoelectron spectroscope (XPS); and its phase structure was examined with an X-ray diffractometer (XRD). Moreover, the contact angle of water on as-prepared Ag-Cu{sub 2}O/SA composite coating was measured, and its friction-reducing and anticorrosion abilities were evaluated. It was found that as-prepared Ag-Cu{sub 2}O/SA composite coating has a water contact angle of as high as 152.4{sup o} and can provide effective friction-reducing, wear protection and anticorrosion protection for copper substrate, showing great potential for surface-modification of copper.

  19. Investigation on microstructural, anti-corrosion and mechanical properties of doped Zn–Al–SnO{sub 2} metal matrix composite coating on mild steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fayomi, O.S.I., E-mail: ojosundayfayomi3@gmail.com [Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, P.M.B. X680, Pretoria (South Africa); Department of Mechanical Engineering, Covenant University, P.M.B 1023, Ota, Ogun State (Nigeria); Popoola, A.P.I. [Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, P.M.B. X680, Pretoria (South Africa); Aigbodion, V.S. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Nigeria, Nsukka (Nigeria)

    2015-02-25

    Highlights: • Properties of nanocomposite Zn–Al coating containing SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles. • The morphology and structure of the coating were analysed. • The anticorrosion activities of the coating prepared. • The mechanical properties were found to improve with the amount of the SnO{sub 2} embedded. - Abstract: In this study, the microstructural, mechanical and anti-corrosion properties of nanocomposite Zn–Al coating containing SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared from sulphates electrolyte by electrodeposition on mild steel substrate was investigated. The morphologies of the coating were analysed using SEM/EDS, AFM Raman and X-ray diffraction. The anticorrosion behaviour of the coating prepared with different concentrations of SnO{sub 2} (7 and 13 g/L) and potential of (0.3 and 0.5 V) was examined in 3.65% NaCl solution by using linear polarization techniques. The wear and hardness properties of the coatings were performed under accelerated reciprocating dry sliding wear tests and diamond micro-hardness tester respectively. The results obtained showed that the incorporation of SnO{sub 2} in the plating bath brings an increase in corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of Zn–Al–SnO{sub 2} composite coatings. The SEM images showed a homogeneous grain structure and finer morphology of the coatings. The hardness values was found to improve with the amount of the SnO{sub 2} embedded into the Zn–Al metal deposit and effective deposition parameters.

  20. Anticorrosive Design for Steel Structured Foundation for Offshore Wind Turbines%海上风机基础钢结构防腐蚀设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐治济; 林毅峰

    2013-01-01

    The paper summarizes the characteristics of corrosion of foundations for offshore wind turbines and the anticorro-sive measures in common use for offshore wind turbine foundations. The technology of anticorrosion coating in atmospheric zone where high weather sustainability is required and the technology of anticorrosion coating and wrapping in the splash and tidal zones where high corrosion resistance is required are analyzed and compared. It is then recommended that a corrosion protection design for an offshore wind turbine foundation should take into consideration the full life cycle of the foundation in its whole construction and operational duration,and relative design considerations are put forward for the reference for selec-tion of corrosion protection designs of offshore wind turbine fields.%总结了海上风机基础的腐蚀特点,以及适用于海上风机基础的常用防腐蚀方法。着重分析比较了耐候性要求高的大气区的涂层防腐技术、耐蚀性要求高的浪溅区、水位变动区的涂层防腐技术和包覆防腐技术。建议风机基础防腐蚀设计采用考虑整个建设和运行期的全寿命周期设计,并阐述了相关设计要点。可供海上风电场选择防腐蚀设计方案参考。

  1. Anti-corrosive Effects of Multi-Walled Carbon Nano Tube and Zinc Particle Shapes on Zinc Ethyl Silicate Coated Carbon Steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, JiMan; Shon, MinYoung; Kwak, SamTak [Pukyong National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-01-15

    Zinc ethyl silicate coatings containing multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared, to which we added spherical and flake shaped zinc particles. The anti-corrosive effects of MWCNTs and zinc shapes on the zinc ethyl silicate coated carbon steel was examined, using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and corrosion potential measurement. The results of EIS and corrosion potential measurement showed that the zinc ethyl silicate coated with flake shaped zinc particles and MWCNT showed lesser protection to corrosion. These outcomes were in agreement with previous results of corrosion potential and corrosion occurrence.

  2. Anti-corrosion Technology for Offshore Drilling Platform Fasteners%海洋平台紧固件防腐工艺探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄建勋; 徐红九; 刘宏亮; 王明磊

    2013-01-01

    To achieve long and effective anti-corrosion of fasteners and standard parts of offshore drilling platforms and to solve the problem of corrosion caused by severe environment, the anti-corrosion technology of the KK1 # composite coating was proposed. The technology adopts the composite coating of " electrolytic zinc and Xylan paint" . It makes use of the self-lubricating property of the Xylan 1424 water paint dry film and the characteristic of frictional factor between 0. 05 and 0. 10. It has the advanced anti-salt spray corrosion performance and very strong anti-acid rain performance and anti-chemical corrosion performance. Compared with galvanized coating, KK1# composite coating improves anti-corrosion capacity remarkably. As for black oxide fasteners, the torsion has been reduced by 70% . It has anti-seizure and anti-deformation functions. The test findings of the anti-corrosion coating show that after 2 500 hours of salt spray resistance test, the component with KK1# composite coating has 33% of white rust area and less than 1 % of red rust area. The latter goes far beyond and thus desirably satisfies the requirement that red rust area should be less than 15% of the total.%为了实现海洋平台紧固件和标准件的长效防腐,解决恶劣环境带来的腐蚀问题,提出了KK1#复合涂层防腐工艺.该工艺采用“电镀锌+Xylan狮隆涂料”复合涂层,利用了Xylan 1424水性涂料的干膜自润滑性能和摩擦因数在0.05 ~0.10之间的特性,具有优越的防盐雾腐蚀性能,极强的抗酸雨性能以及防化学腐蚀性能.相比镀锌涂层,KK1#复合涂层能大幅提高防腐蚀能力,相对于发黑紧固件,减小扭矩高达70%,具有防咬死、防变形功能.防腐涂层测试结果表明,涂有KK1#复合涂层的构件耐盐雾试验2 500 h后,白锈面积33%,红锈面积小于1%,远超出红锈面积不大于15%的要求.

  3. Adsorption of alginate and albumin on aluminum coatings inhibits adhesion of Escherichia coli and enhances the anti-corrosion performances of the coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Adsorption behaviors of alginate and albumin on Al coatings were investigated at molecular level. • The adsorption inhibits effectively the colonization of Escherichia coli bacteria. • The adsorption alters the wettability of the Al coatings. • The conditioning layer enhances anti-corrosion performances of the Al coatings. - Abstract: Thermal-sprayed aluminum coatings have been extensively used as protective layers against corrosion for steel structures in the marine environment. The corrosion usually deteriorates from marine biofouling, yet the mechanism of accelerated corrosion of the coatings remains elusive. As the first stage participating in biofouling process, adsorption of molecules plays critical roles in mediating formation of biofilm. Here, we report at molecular level the adsorption behaviors of albumin and marine polysaccharide on arc-sprayed aluminum coatings and their influence on adhesion of Escherichia coli. The adsorption of alginate and albumin was characterized by infrared spectra analyses and atomic force microscopic observation. The adsorption inhibits effectively adhesion of the bacteria. Further investigation indicates that alginate/albumin altered the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the coatings instead of impacting the survival of the bacteria to decline their adhesion. The conditioning layer composed of the molecules enhances anti-corrosion performances of the coatings

  4. ANTICORROSION PROPERTIES OF EPOXY/GLASS FIBER COATINGS%玻璃纤维/环氧复合涂层耐腐蚀性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝永胜; 刘福春; 史洪微; 韩恩厚

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the influence of ultra-fine glass fiber on the coating properties. Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A and diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-F epoxy resins were used as film former. Salt spray test and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were employed to characterize the anticorrosion properties of the coatings. Experimental results indicate that the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A epoxy resin can improve the coating hardness, while the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-F epoxy resin has better anticorrosion properties.%研究了超细玻璃纤维对双酚A型(E44)和双酚F型(DER354)环氧树脂涂层体系力学性能和耐腐蚀性能的影响。通过盐雾试验和电化学阻抗谱(EIS)研究了涂层的耐腐蚀性。结果表明在双酚A和双酚F环氧树脂组成的涂料体系中,双酚A环氧树脂能够提高涂层的硬度,而双酚F环氧树脂能够提高涂层的耐腐蚀性。

  5. Intelligent saline enabled self-healing of multilayer coatings and its optimization to achieve redox catalytically provoked anti-corrosion ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syed, Junaid Ali; Tang, Shaochun; Meng, Xiangkang

    2016-10-01

    To obtain a coating with both self-healing and redox catalytic ability to protect a metal substrate from corrosion under aggressive environment is strongly desired. Herein, we report the design and fabrication of intelligent polyaniline-polyacrylic acid/polyethyleneimine (PANI-PAA/PEI) multilayer composite coatings by spin assembly. The main influencing factors, including solution concentration (c) and disk rotating speed (ω) were studied in order to gain excellent performance. The resulting multilayer coatings with thickness in a range from 0.47 to 2.94 μm can heal severe structural damages and sustain a superior anti-corrosive performance for 120 h in 3.5% NaCl. The PANI-PAA layer enhances the anti-corrosion property and PEI layer contributes to the self-healing ability as well as their multilayer combination strengthens them. The improved self-healing ability is attributed to the rearrangement and reversible non-covalent interactions of the PANI-PAA and PEI layers that facilitates electrostatic repairing.

  6. Estudio de las Propiedades Anticorrosivas del Benzoato de Hierro (III en Pinturas Base Solvente Study of Anticorrosive Properties of the Iron (III Benzoate in Solvent Based Paints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Blustein

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La acción inhibidora del benzoato de hierro en electrodos de acero SAE 1010 en contacto con una suspensión acuosa fue estudiada mediante ensayos electroquímicos. Paralelamente, la eficiencia anticorrosiva de este producto incorporado a cubiertas orgánicas base solvente fue evaluada mediante ensayos de envejecimiento acelerado (cámara de niebla salina y de humedad. La evolución del comportamiento protector de la cubierta aplicada sobre paneles de acero pintados e inmersos en una solución 0.5M de NaClO4 fue periódicamente monitoreada por espectroscopía de impedancia electroquímica. Los resultados obtenidos indican que las pinturas formuladas con benzoato férrico presentan una capacidad anticorrosiva comparable a las formuladas con fosfato de cinc.This study investigated the inhibitory action of iron benzoate on SAE 1010 steel electrodes in aqueous suspensions using electrochemical assays. The anticorrosive efficiency of this product added to organic solvent-based coatings was also evaluated by means of accelerated weathering tests (salt spray cabinet and humidity chamber. The evolution of the protective behavior of the coating applied on steel panels and immersed in 0.5M NaClO4 solution was periodically checked by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results obtained showed that paints formulated with ferric benzoate provide anticorrosive protection similar to those formulated with zinc phosphate.

  7. Adsorption of alginate and albumin on aluminum coatings inhibits adhesion of Escherichia coli and enhances the anti-corrosion performances of the coatings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Xiaoyan; Liu, Yi; Huang, Jing; Chen, Xiuyong; Ren, Kun; Li, Hua, E-mail: lihua@nimte.ac.cn

    2015-03-30

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Adsorption behaviors of alginate and albumin on Al coatings were investigated at molecular level. • The adsorption inhibits effectively the colonization of Escherichia coli bacteria. • The adsorption alters the wettability of the Al coatings. • The conditioning layer enhances anti-corrosion performances of the Al coatings. - Abstract: Thermal-sprayed aluminum coatings have been extensively used as protective layers against corrosion for steel structures in the marine environment. The corrosion usually deteriorates from marine biofouling, yet the mechanism of accelerated corrosion of the coatings remains elusive. As the first stage participating in biofouling process, adsorption of molecules plays critical roles in mediating formation of biofilm. Here, we report at molecular level the adsorption behaviors of albumin and marine polysaccharide on arc-sprayed aluminum coatings and their influence on adhesion of Escherichia coli. The adsorption of alginate and albumin was characterized by infrared spectra analyses and atomic force microscopic observation. The adsorption inhibits effectively adhesion of the bacteria. Further investigation indicates that alginate/albumin altered the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the coatings instead of impacting the survival of the bacteria to decline their adhesion. The conditioning layer composed of the molecules enhances anti-corrosion performances of the coatings.

  8. Experimental Research on GIS Anticorrosion in Marine/Coastal Substation%海上/沿海变电站GIS设备防腐试验及研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江玉蓉; 王霄峰; 符杨; 葛红花

    2012-01-01

    海上或沿海变电站气体绝缘开关设备(GIS)长期在高温高湿的海洋环境下,其外壳多采用铝合金及防腐涂层,它们的耐腐蚀性可满足陆上输变电的要求,这些材料及涂层是否满足海洋大气环境的耐腐蚀要求需要进行研究。利用盐雾试验箱对GIS铝合金封板进行耐盐雾腐蚀性能的检测,并最终做出评价。%Due to the long-term exposure to the oceanic atmosphere with high temperature and humidity,the Gas insulated switchgears(GIS) in marine or coastal substations require aluminum alloy and anticorrosion coating to be applied to their surface.Although their corrosion resistance is reliable to power transmission on the land,it needs further research to determine whether it can stand the oceanic environment.In this paper,the anticorrosion properties of GIS aluminum alloy sealing plate are measured by the salt spray test,and thereby their corrosion resistance to oceanic atmosphere is evaluated.

  9. Research Progress of High Performance Anticorrosive and Antifouling Warship Coatings%舰船高性能防腐蚀防污涂料研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶章基; 王晶晶; 蔺存国; 陈光章; 李瑛; 吴建华

    2014-01-01

    The development history and research status of marine anticorrosive and antifouling coating were introduced briefly.The latest research progresses of high performance anticorrosive and antifouling warship coatings were discussed emphatically.Self-polishing antifouling coatings based on acrylic acid zinc,acrylic acid copper and acrylic acid silane have been used widely after organictin self-polishing being prohibited.The technologies based on biocide grafting,degrad-able resin and surface micro-structure are the topic research in antifouling coating.The relationships between structure and degradation properties,mechanical properties of the degradable resin were discussed in detail.The relationships between surface mico-structure and antifouling properties of the fouling release coating were also discussed.The development direc-tions of anticorrosive coating are solventless (or high solid content)and long-term service with more and more strict envi-ronmental protection laws.This paper reported a method for improving wet adhesion and compactness,which can greatly improve mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of anticorrosive coatings.These anticorrosive and antifouling coat-ings meet the development needs of the ocean liner and deep-sea equipments.%简要论述了海洋防腐蚀防污涂料的发展历史和研究现状,重点论述了舰船高性能防腐蚀防污涂料的最新研究进展。有机锡自抛光防污涂料被禁止使用之后,基于丙烯酸锌、丙烯酸铜和丙烯酸硅烷酯的自抛光防污涂料得到了广泛应用。基于含防污功能基团树脂的防污涂料、基于降解树脂的防污涂料以及基于表面结构特性的防污涂料技术成为当前防污涂料研究的热点。文中详细报道了降解树脂的结构对降解性能及力学性能影响规律,以及表面结构特性对污损释放型防污涂料防污性能的影响规律。随着环境保护法规的日趋严格,防腐蚀涂料向无溶剂

  10. Present Status and Research Progress of Anti-corrosion Technology in Pipeline%管道内防腐技术现状与研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵帅; 兰伟

    2015-01-01

    介绍了石油管道内溶解氧、二氧化碳、硫化氢、以及二氧化碳和硫化氢协同腐蚀的机理. 综述了油气管道内防腐技术,现阶段主要的处理方式是选择耐蚀金属材料或非金属材料、添加缓蚀剂、涂层防腐和衬里防腐. 分析了各种内防腐技术的优缺点,认为管道内防腐在未来的发展方向是将基材选择、添加缓蚀剂、内涂镀层和内衬里技术进行综合,以减缓管道内的腐蚀. 低碳钢表面镀镍层自纳米合金化技术,即是集中内防腐技术的综合运用,得到了表面无缝冶金结合的高耐蚀性能管材,是未来发展趋势的代表.%The co-corrosion mechanism of oil and gases such as dissolved oxygen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide as well as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide in the pipeline was described. The anti-corrosion technology of oil and gas in pipeline was re-viewed, including selection of corrosion resistant metallic materials or non-metallic materials, addition of corrosion inhibitor, coat-ing technology and lining technology. The paper analyzed advantages and disadvantages of various anti-corrosion technology and proposed that the future development trend of pipeline corrosion would be combination of substrate selection with addition of corro-sion inhibitors and internal lining technology for coating and lining to slow down the corrosion inside the pipe. Low carbon steel nickel-plated layer by nano alloying technology, which is the integrated utilization of concentrated anti-corrosion technology to ob-tain high metallurgical bonding surface seamless pipe with high corrosion resistance, is representative of future trends.

  11. Study on Corrosion of the Foam Glass Anti-corrosion Lining%泡沫玻璃砖防腐内衬腐蚀研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎优霞; 冀运东

    2015-01-01

    Etching solution leaked from the thermal power plant wet chimney, which adopted domestic foam glass anti-corrosion lining and worked for a period of time. The performance of the foam glass anti-corrosion lining of it was studied in this paper. The properties of the foam glasses and plaster picking from the chimney lining were characterized by EDS and FT-IR. The results showed that the alkali metals (including Fe, K, Al, Na, Mg and so on) in the domestic foam glasses reacted with the acid corrosive media of the wet gas, which gave rise to the destruction of the closed pore structure and crisp cracking of the bricks; meanwhile, pendant groups on the polysiloxane matrix shed and Si-O-Si rigid structure increased in the main chain, which result in the loss of elasticity and adhesion of the plaster, then the foam dlass anti-corrosion lining fell off.%采用国产泡沫玻璃砖防腐内衬的火电厂湿烟囱,运行一段时间后,出现严重的渗透腐蚀现象。本文以湿烟囱排烟筒上脱落的泡沫玻璃砖为实验对象,利用EDS和FT-IR分别研究了国产泡沫玻璃砖和有机硅防腐胶泥的腐蚀状况及原理。结果表明,国产泡沫玻璃砖中含有Fe、K、Al、Na、Mg等碱金属,遇酸反应,导致砖体密闭孔隙结构破坏,酥化开裂,失去防腐作用;聚硅氧烷基体的侧基脱落,主链中Si-O-Si刚性结构增多,胶泥失去弹性和粘接性,导致防腐内衬整体脱落。

  12. Preparation of CNT/mica Static-conducting and Anticorrosive Coatings%CNT/mica导静电防腐蚀涂料的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙飞; 陈建军

    2012-01-01

    以碳纳米管复合导电云母(CNT/mica)为填料、水性环氧树脂为基体制备了导静电防腐蚀涂料;CNT/mica具有易分散、用量低、制得的漆膜综合性能优异等优点,为碳纳米管的广泛应用开创了新局面。%Antistatic anticorrosive coatings were prepared,using carbon nanotubes coupling conductive mica(CNT/mica) as filler and waterborne epoxy resin as matrix.The advantages of CNT/mica,such as easy to disperse,low dosage and integrated performance of paint film,create a new situation for the wide application of carbon nanotubes.

  13. 湿法脱硫系统混凝土烟道内防腐蚀方案%Anticorrosion Scheme for Concrete Chimney in Flue Gas Desulphurization System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何思立; 李建三; 龙乃健; 曾松峰

    2014-01-01

    The corrosion behavior of bare common concrete,bare ceramsite concrete and test blocks with modified epoxy liner anticorrosion coating was studied in concrete chimney of flue gas desulphurization systems.Blister of the coating and other obvious changes did not appear on the epoxy liners after 6 months test.No any corrosion indication happened to the rebar in concrete block with epoxy liner anticorrosion coating,indicating a good protection to the rebar in concrete block.After 6 months test,the chlorine element in concrete block with epoxy liners was not found by the analysis result of energy dispersive spectrometer,and the content of sulfur did not increase compared with the untested concrete block.The results showed that the epoxy liner anticorrosion coating could prevent the permeation of harmful corrosives and provide the concrete block with very good protection.The results of engineering application experiment also proved the very good protection of epoxy liner anticorrosion scheme for concrete chimney in flue gas desulphurization systems.%采用改性环氧配套衬里的方案制备防腐蚀层。对普通混凝土试样与陶粒砼试样及防腐蚀层在脱硫系统烟道内的现场腐蚀行为进行试验研究。试验6个月后环氧配套衬里层没有鼓泡烧蚀,未观察到明显的变化。采用环氧配套衬里防腐蚀层的混凝土试块,在试验6个月后其内部的钢筋未发现腐蚀现象,表明环氧配套衬里对混凝土中的钢筋起到了较好的保护作用。试验6个月后环氧配套衬里混凝土样的能谱结果均未检测到氯元素,硫元素的含量同未试验的对比测试样相比也未增加,表明环氧配套衬里对混凝土起到了很好的保护作用。工程应用结果表明,改性环氧配套衬里的防腐蚀方案能够对湿法脱硫系统的混凝土烟道起到很好的防腐蚀保护作用。

  14. Adsorption of alginate and albumin on aluminum coatings inhibits adhesion of Escherichia coli and enhances the anti-corrosion performances of the coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Xiaoyan; Liu, Yi; Huang, Jing; Chen, Xiuyong; Ren, Kun; Li, Hua

    2015-03-01

    Thermal-sprayed aluminum coatings have been extensively used as protective layers against corrosion for steel structures in the marine environment. The corrosion usually deteriorates from marine biofouling, yet the mechanism of accelerated corrosion of the coatings remains elusive. As the first stage participating in biofouling process, adsorption of molecules plays critical roles in mediating formation of biofilm. Here, we report at molecular level the adsorption behaviors of albumin and marine polysaccharide on arc-sprayed aluminum coatings and their influence on adhesion of Escherichia coli. The adsorption of alginate and albumin was characterized by infrared spectra analyses and atomic force microscopic observation. The adsorption inhibits effectively adhesion of the bacteria. Further investigation indicates that alginate/albumin altered the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the coatings instead of impacting the survival of the bacteria to decline their adhesion. The conditioning layer composed of the molecules enhances anti-corrosion performances of the coatings.

  15. Anticorrosion Coating of Carbon Nanotube/Polytetrafluoroethylene Composite Film on the Stainless Steel Bipolar Plate for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshiyuki Show

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Composite film of carbon nanotube (CNT and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE was formed from dispersion fluids of CNT and PTFE. The composite film showed high electrical conductivity in the range of 0.1–13 S/cm and hydrophobic nature. This composite film was applied to stainless steel (SS bipolar plates of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC as anticorrosion film. This coating decreased the contact resistance between the surface of the bipolar plate and the membrane electrode assembly (MEA of the PEMFC. The output power of the fuel cell is increased by 1.6 times because the decrease in the contact resistance decreases the series resistance of the PEMFC. Moreover, the coating of this composite film protects the bipolar plate from the surface corrosion.

  16. EPOXY VINYL ESTER ANTICORROSIVE FLOOR AND ITS MANUFACTURE PROCESS%环氧乙烯基防腐地坪及制备工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛平; 卞忠义

    2001-01-01

    介绍了Atlac环氧乙烯基玻璃钢防腐地坪和Atlac环氧乙烯基树脂混凝土防腐地坪的制作工艺,也介绍了用于防腐地坪的Atlac系列环氧乙烯基树脂的性能、玻璃纤维的选择及其它辅助材料的指标、配比等。%The Atlac epoxy vinyl ester FRP and concrete anticorrosive floor.Their composition and manufacture process,the properties of a series of Atlac epoxy vinyl ester resin,selection of glass fibre and performance date of other assistant materials were introduced in this paper.

  17. Simultaneous determination of rare earth elements in ore and anti-corrosion coating samples using a portable capillary electrophoresis instrument with contactless conductivity detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Thi Anh Huong; Nguyen, Van Ri; Le, Duc Dung; Nguyen, Thi Thanh Binh; Cao, Van Hoang; Nguyen, Thi Kim Dung; Sáiz, Jorge; Hauser, Peter C; Mai, Thanh Duc

    2016-07-29

    The employment of an in-house-made capillary electrophoresis (CE) instrument with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C(4)D) as a simple and inexpensive solution for simultaneous determination of many rare earth elements (REEs) in ore samples from Vietnam, as well as in anti-corrosion coating samples is reported. 14 REEs (La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu) were determined using an electrolyte composed of 20mM arginine and 10mM α-hydroxyisobutyric acid adjusted to pH 4.2 with acetic acid. The best detection limit achieved was 0.24mg/L using the developed CE-C(4)D method. Good agreement between results from CE-C(4)D and the confirmation method (ICP-MS) was achieved, with a coefficient of determination (r(2)) for the two pairs of data of 0.998. PMID:27363736

  18. Highly flexible transparent self-healing composite based on electrospun core-shell nanofibers produced by coaxial electrospinning for anti-corrosion and electrical insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Seongpil; Liou, Minho; Song, Kyo Yong; Jo, Hong Seok; Lee, Min Wook; Al-Deyab, Salem S.; Yarin, Alexander L.; Yoon, Sam S.

    2015-10-01

    Coaxial electrospinning was used to fabricate two types of core-shell fibers: the first type with liquid resin monomer in the core and polyacrylonitrile in the shell, and the second type with liquid curing agent in the core and polyacrylonitrile in the shell. These two types of core-shell fibers were mutually entangled and embedded into two flexible transparent matrices thus forming transparent flexible self-healing composite materials. Such materials could be formed before only using emulsion electrospinning, rather than coaxial electrospinning. The self-healing properties of such materials are associated with release of healing agents (resin monomer and cure) from nanofiber cores in damaged locations with the subsequent polymerization reaction filing the micro-crack with polydimethylsiloxane. Transparency of these materials is measured and the anti-corrosive protection provided by them is demonstrated in electrochemical experiments.

  19. 环氧树脂玻璃钢防腐在丰特果蔬汁污水处理工程中的应用%Application of Epoxy Fiberglass-reinforced Plastics Anticorrosion in Sewage Treatment Project of Fengte Fruit and Vegetable Juice Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓民

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the anticorrosion construction technique,control process and control index of epoxy fiberglass-reinforced plastics,and summarizes the advantages of anticorrosion of epoxy fiberglass-reinforced plastics.%介绍环氧树脂玻璃钢防腐施工工艺、控制过程及控制指标,总结环氧树脂玻璃钢防腐的优点。

  20. Application of One Component Moisture Curing Polyurea/Polyurethane Anticorrosion Coatings in the Anticorrosion Maintenance of Steel Structure Bridge%单组分湿固化聚脲/聚氨酯防腐涂料在钢结构大桥防腐维修中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王道前; 肖国亮; 欧阳明

    2011-01-01

    The steel beam bridge structure anticorrosion design and performance of three bridges on the river Huangpujiang were introduced. Based on the corrosion ambient condition, the disadvantages and limitations of traditional epoxy system, a bridge anticorrosion repair procedure were recommended. The performance characteristics and application procedure of the one component moisture curing polyurea/polyurethane coatings were described, and compared it with two components surface tolerant coatings.%介绍了黄浦江上南浦、杨浦、徐浦3座大桥钢箱梁结构的涂装情况。根据3座大桥所处的腐蚀环境和传统环氧涂料施工的局限性,提出了大桥防腐维修方案。阐述了单组分湿固化聚脲/聚氨酯涂料的性能特点和施工工艺流程,并与双组分低表面处理涂料的性能进行比较。

  1. New Thiosemicarbazone and Talinum triangulare Vegetal Extract Formulations with Potential Anti-corrosion Activity [Novas Formulações de Tiossemicarbazonas e Extrato Vegetal de Talinum triangulare com Potencial Atividade Anticorrosão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana A . de Albuquerque

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Corrosion is a process arising out of a chemical action of the environment on a particular material, causing its deterioration. It may occur in metals, concrete, organic polymers, and others. A promising alternative to prevent corrosion is the use of organic inhibitors. The search for new agents or formulations that enable the diminishing of corrosion effects is evidently necessary; therefore, this work evaluated 3 new formulations which contained thiosemicarbazones 4-hydroxy,3-methoxybenzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone, 4-ethoxybenzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone and 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone with the crude extract of Talinum triangulareleaves in ethyl acetate, aiming at the Fe2+ ion chelation for an anticorrosive action. UV-Vis spectroscopy was used to evaluate the formation of Fe2+ ion complexes; also, to determine the respective coordination numbers with the thiosemicarbazones. Results indicated the increase of the thiosemicarbazone anticorrosive action, which had been evaluated by molecular modeling and potentiodynamic polarization, when there were crude extract of T. triangulareleaves in the formulation.

  2. 铝合金大气腐蚀行为及其防腐措施研究进展%Research Progress in Atmospheric Corrosion Behavior and Anticorrosion Measures of Aluminum Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彬; 苏艳

    2012-01-01

    综述了铝合金的大气腐蚀机理和大气主要环境因素对铝合金的大气腐蚀的影响.重点介绍了近年来所采用的对环境无害的铝合金无铬防腐蚀处理方法(激光熔覆法、溶胶-凝胶法、聚合物防腐蚀膜等)及其发展前景.%The atmospheric corrosion mechanism and the effect of principal pollutants of atmosphere on corrosion of aluminum alloy were summarized. The emphasis was on current used Cr-free and environment-friendly anticorrosive protection systems (such as laser cladding method, sol-gel method and anticorrosive polymer film) for aluminum alloy and its development prospect.

  3. Anticorrosion/antifouling properties of bacterial spore-loaded sol-gel type coating for mild steel in saline marine condition: a case of thermophilic strain of Bacillus licheniformis

    OpenAIRE

    Eduok, Ubong; Suleiman, Rami; Gittens, Jeanette; Khaled, Mazen; Smith, Thomas J.; Akid, Robert; El Ali, Bassam; Khalil, Amjad

    2015-01-01

    This work reports the performance of a sol-gel type coating encapsulated with biofilm of inoculums of protective thermophilic strain of Bacillus licheniformis endospores isolated from the Gazan hot springs- Saudi Arabia for the inhibition of marine fouling and corrosion protection of S36-grade mild steel in 3.5 wt% NaCl medium. In order to improve its anticorrosion properties, the hybrid sol-gel coating is further doped with zinc molybdate (MOLY) and zinc aluminum polyphosphate (Z...

  4. Efficient anti-corrosive coating of cold-rolled steel in a seawater environment using an oil-based graphene oxide ink

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhbabu, Y. N.; Sivakumar, B.; Singh, J. K.; Bapari, H.; Pramanick, A. K.; Sahu, Ranjan K.

    2015-04-01

    We report the production of an efficient anti-corrosive coating of cold-rolled (CR) steel in a seawater environment (~3.5 wt% NaCl aqueous solution) using an oil-based graphene oxide ink. The graphene oxide was produced by heating Aeschynomene aspera plant as a carbon source at 1600 °C in an argon atmosphere. The ink was prepared by cup-milling the mixture of graphene oxide and sunflower oil for 10 min. The coating of ink on the CR steel was made using the dip-coating method, followed by curing at 350 °C for 10 min in air atmosphere. The results of the potentiodynamic polarization show that the corrosion rate of bare CR steel decreases nearly 10 000-fold by the ink coating. Furthermore, the salt spray test results show that the red rusting in the ink-coated CR steel is initiated after 100 h, in contrast to 24 h and 6 h in the case of oil-coated and bare CR steel, respectively. The significant decrease in the corrosion rate by the ink-coating is discussed based on the impermeability of graphene oxide to the corrosive ions.We report the production of an efficient anti-corrosive coating of cold-rolled (CR) steel in a seawater environment (~3.5 wt% NaCl aqueous solution) using an oil-based graphene oxide ink. The graphene oxide was produced by heating Aeschynomene aspera plant as a carbon source at 1600 °C in an argon atmosphere. The ink was prepared by cup-milling the mixture of graphene oxide and sunflower oil for 10 min. The coating of ink on the CR steel was made using the dip-coating method, followed by curing at 350 °C for 10 min in air atmosphere. The results of the potentiodynamic polarization show that the corrosion rate of bare CR steel decreases nearly 10 000-fold by the ink coating. Furthermore, the salt spray test results show that the red rusting in the ink-coated CR steel is initiated after 100 h, in contrast to 24 h and 6 h in the case of oil-coated and bare CR steel, respectively. The significant decrease in the corrosion rate by the ink-coating is

  5. Design of Bogie Anti-corrosive Thick Coating Intense Radiation Curing Technology and Equipment%浅析转向架防腐厚涂层强辐射固化工艺及设备设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于喜年; 赵月红; 刘军

    2011-01-01

    In order to solve the problem on bogie anti-corrosive thick coating curing,then the thickness of anti-corrosion coating 250 μm or/about and the thickness of general dry film and 5~8 kg limited of scraping putty weight were required in accordance with relevant standards and specifications,as requlated with anti-corrosive thickness.Therefore,the still high quality on welding bogie was proposed and reguested.Analysis of bogie anti-corrosion thick coating paint,curing technology and optimal combination of special anti-corrosive coatings on the surface of high speed bogie was made,which is favourable for tech-equipment and process arrangement and coat infense radiation curing.Short-wave radiation heater is the key component of the coating to be cured.A special combination of structural design by elliptical surface and parabolic surface was adopted.It is more conducive to deep directional radiation which makes the solvent in the bottom of anti-corrosive coating evaporate quickly as a result of strong coating adhesion.Therefore short-wave radiation heater is more suitable for curing the thick coating of wheel axis.Intense radiation curing equipment,parametric design and its virtual assembly provide quick and easy reference in design of anti-corrosive coating curing equipment to produce other relevant products for different manufactures being concerned.%为解决转向架防腐厚涂层固化问题,依照相关标准和规范,对防腐涂层厚度作出规定,要求总干膜厚度为250μm左右,并对腻子的刮涂重量限制在5~8 kg以内,对转向架的焊接质量提出了更高的要求;分析了转向架防腐厚涂层涂覆、固化工艺以及高速动车转向架专用防腐涂料的最优组合,有利于涂层强辐射固化工艺设计和工艺过程安排;短波辐射加热器为涂层固化的关键部件,采用抛物面与椭圆面组合的特殊结构设计,更有利于深层定向辐射,使防腐涂层的底部溶剂迅速挥发,增强了涂层的附

  6. 基于城市燃气管道防腐设计的研究%Research on the Anticorrosion Design of Urban Gas Pipeline

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王有之

    2015-01-01

    作为城市发展的重要燃气资源,天然气的正常输送是保障社会效益和企业经济效益的关键。为保证燃气资源的输送质量,必须采取有效措施控制燃气管道的腐蚀,尽可能减少燃气输送安全事故,降低管道输送成本,提高燃气输送的安全性。主要深入探究了城市燃气管道防腐设计的相关内容。%As the important gas resource of urban development, the normal transportation of natural gas is the key to protect the social benefit and the economic benefit of the enterprise. In order to ensure the transportation quality of gas resources, we must take effective measures to corrosion control of gas pipeline, as far as possible to reduce safety accidents in gas transportation, reducing the transportation cost of a pipeline, to improve the safety of gas transmission. The contents of anticorrosion design for urban gas pipeline are mainly explored in the main.

  7. 金属用水性隔热防腐涂料的研制%Study on Waterborne Heat-Insulating and Anti-Corrosive Coatings for Metal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成楼; 唐国军

    2012-01-01

    以防锈专用苯丙乳液为基料,以钛白粉、热反射粉、磷酸铝锌、空心玻璃微珠为颜填料,以纳米SiO2为改性材料,制备了水性隔热防腐涂料,当PVC(颜料体积浓度)为25%时,涂料具有底面合一、太阳光反射隔热、防锈防腐、绿色环保、耐候耐久、装饰性好等特点。%A waterborne heat-insu acrylic emulsion as hinder, titanium lating dioxid as pigments and fillers, and nano-SiO2 reflective insulation, rust and corrosion etc. features when PVC was 25%. and anti-corrosive coatings was prepared by special antirust styrene- e, heat-reflective powder, aluminum zinc phosphate, hollow glass beads as modified material. The coatings can be used as one coat paint. It had resistance, environmental-friendly, weather resistance, good decorative

  8. IPcote9183金属陶瓷涂层制备及其性能%Performance of Metallic-Ceramic Anti-Corrosion Coating IPcote9183

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王维

    2011-01-01

    An aluminium containing high-temperature anti-corrosion water-based paint was used to prepare metallic-ceramic coating, and performance of the coating was studied. The results showed that the coating was uniform and had good adhesion under the conditions of a certain spray pressure and nozzle/sample distance. The coating thickness was 0. 01 - 0. 02 mm for every IPcote9183 layer. The thickness could increase by repeating spray + dry. The coating with thickness of 0. 02 ~ 0. 03 mm was used to salt fog test and there was no red rust after 1000 h.%用一种进口水基含铝高温防腐蚀涂料制备了金属陶瓷涂层,介绍了制备的工艺,对该涂层的性能进行了研究.结果表明,按照一定的喷涂压力和喷涂距离进行喷涂,可获得表面均匀、结合良好的涂层.喷涂一层IPcote9183可以获得厚度为0.01 mm~0.02 mm的涂层;可进行多层喷涂.厚度为0.02~0.03mm的涂层,中性盐雾试验可达到1000 h不出现红锈.

  9. Anti-corrosion Performance of a New Corrosion Inhibitor for Rebar%一种新型钢筋阻锈剂的阻锈性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阚欣荣; 封孝信; 王晓燕

    2011-01-01

    The anti-corrosion performance of a new rebar inhibitor containing amino group and carboxylic group was evaluated by means of hardened mortar test and half cell potential method. The adsorption of corrosion inhibitor on rebar in concrete was analyzed. The results show that the corrosion inhibitor could delay the corrosion and reduce the corrosion rate of the rebar.%采用硬化砂浆和半电池电位法评价了一种自制的含有氨基和羧基的新型钢筋阻锈剂IH2的阻锈性能,并采用标准工作曲线法分析了混凝土中钢筋对阻锈剂的吸附性能。结果表明,IH2钢筋阻锈剂可以延长钢筋发生锈蚀的时间,降低钢筋的腐蚀速率,具有良好的阻锈性能。

  10. Effect of electrolysis superheat degree on anticorrosion performance of 5Cu/(10NiO-NiFe2O4) cermet inert anode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    5Cu/(10NiO-NiFe2O4) cermet inert anodes were prepared by cold-pressing and sintering process, and the effect of superheat degree of melting K3AIF6-Na3AlF6-AlF3 on their anticorrosion performance was studied under electrolysis conditions. The results show that, the fluctuation of cell becomes small with increasing of superheat degree, which is helpful to inhibit the formation of cathodic encrustation; the concentration of impurities from inert anode in bath goes up to certain degree, but it is far smaller than those in traditional high-temperature bath. Increasing the superheat degree of melting K3AlF6-Na3AlF6-AlF3 has unconspicuous effect on the contents of impurities in cathodic aluminum. The total mass fractions of Fe, Ni and Cu in aluminum are 15.38% and15.09% respectively under superheat degree of 95 and 195 ℃C. From micro-topography of anode used view, increasing the superheat degree can aggravate corrosion of metal Cu in inert anode, and has negative influence on electrical conductivity of electrode to some extent.

  11. Effect of cerium on structure modifications of a hybrid sol–gel coating, its mechanical properties and anti-corrosion behavior

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cambon, Jean-Baptiste, E-mail: cambon@chimie.ups-tlse.fr [Institut Carnot CIRIMAT, Université de Toulouse, UMR CNRS 5085, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); Esteban, Julien; Ansart, Florence; Bonino, Jean-Pierre; Turq, Viviane [Institut Carnot CIRIMAT, Université de Toulouse, UMR CNRS 5085, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); Santagneli, S.H.; Santilli, C.V.; Pulcinelli, S.H. [Departamento Fısico-Química, Instituto de Química, Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, CP 355, 14801-970 Araraquara, SP (Brazil)

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: ► New sol–gel routes to replace chromates for corrosion protection of aluminum. ► Effect of cerium concentration on the microstructure of xerogel. ► Electrochemical and mechanical performances of hybrid coating with different cerium contents. ► Good correlation between the different results with an optimal cerium content of 0.01 M. -- Abstract: An organic–inorganic hybrid coating was developed to improve the corrosion resistance of the aluminum alloy AA 2024-T3. Organic and inorganic coatings derived from glycidoxypropyl-trimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and aluminum tri-sec-butoxide Al(O{sup s}Bu){sub 3}, with different cerium contents, were deposited onto aluminum by dip-coating process. Corrosion resistance and mechanical properties were investigated by electrochemical impedance measurements and nano-indentation respectively. An optimal cerium concentration of 0.01 M was evidenced. To correlate and explain the hybrid coating performances in relation to the cerium content, NMR experiments were performed. It has been shown that when the cerium concentration in the hybrid is higher than 0.01 M there are important modifications in the hybrid structure that account for the mechanical properties and anti-corrosion behavior of the sol–gel coating.

  12. 综合防腐技术在肉制品生产中的应用%Comprehensive Anti-corrosion Technology in Meat Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩磊

    2016-01-01

    With the development of economy, the quality of people's daily life is increasing continuously. Consumer demand for food is also gradually strict, especially for meat quality requirements have become strict. At present, the emergence of comprehensive anti corrosion technology to meat production technology has been improved, but also on the meat of the anti-corrosion ability has been greatly improved. On the perception and freshness of meat products have been largely improved.%随着经济的发展,人们的日常生活质量不断提高,消费者对食品的要求也逐渐严格,特别是对肉制品质量要求也变得严格起来。目前,综合防腐技术的出现对肉制品制作技术得到了提高,同时也对肉制品的防腐能力得到了很大的提高。对肉类产品的观感与新鲜度得到了很大程度上的改善。

  13. Mechanism of (NH{sub 4})S{sub 2}O{sub 8} to enhance the anti-corrosion performance of Mo-Ce inhibitor on X80 steel in acid solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Yanhua [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500 (China); Zhuang, Jia, E-mail: zj-656@163.com [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500 (China); Zeng, Xianguang [Material Corrosion and Protection Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Zigong 643000 (China); Institute of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong 643000 (China)

    2014-09-15

    Highlights: • The 1000 mg/L Na{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} and 500 mg/L Ce(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} has best synergistic effect. • The (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8} made the valence transformation of cerium (Ce{sup 3+} → Ce{sup 4+}) come true. • The anti-corrosion performance of Mo-Ce inhibitor was improved by (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8}. • The coordination ability of inhibitor complexes was improved by (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8}. • The bonding force and adsorption between inhibitor and steel surface was enhanced. - Abstract: Ce(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} and Na{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} are adopted to form (Mo-Ce) composite corrosion inhibitor in allusion to the corrosion problem of steel in acidic conditions. The experimental results showed that the anticorrosion effects were enhanced and the inhibition efficiencies were increased by (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8}. The reason of enhancement is the increase of coordination bonds amount between Ce{sup 4+} and MoO{sub 4}{sup 2−}, the augment of combining sites of interface between anti-corrosion film and steel, and the reinforce of adsorption caused by the transformation of Ce{sup 3+} to Ce{sup 4+} by oxidants. The process and conditions for transformation of Ce{sup 3+} to Ce{sup 4+} and formation of complexes are discussed. The related thermodynamic and kinetic parameters are calculated and the possibility for (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8} to improve the performance of Mo-Ce corrosion inhibitor is proved.

  14. Hydrogen–argon plasma pre-treatment for improving the anti-corrosion properties of thin Al2O3 films deposited using atomic layer deposition on steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of H2–Ar plasma pre-treatment prior to thermal atomic layer deposition (ALD) and plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) of Al2O3 films on steel for corrosion protection was investigated. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the changes in the interface. The electrochemical properties of the samples were studied with polarization measurements, and the coating porosities were calculated from the polarization results for easier comparison of the coatings. Prior to thermal ALD the plasma pre-treatment was observed to reduce the amount of impurities at the interface and coating porosity by 1–3 orders of magnitude. The anti-corrosion properties of the PEALD coatings could also be improved by the pre-treatment. However, exposure of the pre-treatment plasma activated steel surface to oxygen plasma species in PEALD led to facile oxide layer formation in the interface. The oxide layer formed this way was thicker than the native oxide layer and appeared to be detrimental to the protective properties of the coating. The best performance for PEALD Al2O3 coatings was achieved when, after the plasma pre-treatment, the surface was given time to regrow a thin protective interfacial oxide prior to exposure to the oxygen plasma. The different effects that thermal and plasma-enhanced ALD have on the substrate-coating interface were compared. The reactivity of the oxygen precursor was shown to have a significant influence on substrate surface in the early stages of film growth and thereafter also on the overall quality of the protective film. - Highlights: • Influence of H2–Ar plasma pre-treatment to ALD coatings on steel was studied. • The pre-treatment modified the coating–substrate interface composition and thickness. • The pre-treatment improved the barrier properties of the coatings

  15. Application of micro-arc oxidation to anti-corrosion of columns of hydraulic supports%微弧氧化在液压支架立柱防腐中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甄敬然; 路银川

    2012-01-01

    Most failures of the hydraulic support are caused by corrosion of the column of the hydraulic support. Based on traditional anti-corrosion methods, the paper introduced a new-type surface treatment technique-micro-arc oxidation, and analysed the effects of electric parameters on micro-arc oxidation coating. Test results showed that the micro-arc oxidation was a new-type feasible prevention measure for anti-corrosion of the column of the hydraulic support.%立柱腐蚀是导致液压支架失效的主要原因,在传统防腐方法的基础上,笔者研究了一种新型表面处理工艺——微弧氧化,分析求得对微弧氧化膜层性能影响的最优电参数。实践证明,在液压支架立柱防腐中微弧氧化是一种切实可行的防范措施。

  16. 沿海地区输电铁塔防腐蚀方法对比分析%Comparison and Analysis on Anticorrosion Methods of Transmission Tower in Coastal Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马承志; 杨宏仓; 余启育; 梁位正; 林岳凌

    2014-01-01

    提出了四个输电铁塔防腐蚀方案,考虑沿海地区的环境特征分别对其进行了盐雾加速试验。实验结果表明,带锈涂料防腐方法和金属涂层+有机封闭涂层防腐方法相对于常规的热镀锌方法均能有效缓解输电铁塔用钢铁材料在盐雾加速实验中的腐蚀作用。同时实验结果也表明,带锈涂料防腐方法的防腐蚀效果略优于金属涂层+有机封闭涂层防腐方法。%With considering environmental characteristics of coastal areas, four anticorrosion schemes were proposed for transmission tower in this paper. These schemes were tested by using salt spray corrosion chamber respectively. Experimental results showed that both of on rust paint scheme and metal + organic coating scheme can reduce the corrosion of steel material more effectively than that of the conventional scheme of hot galvanized. Also,the experimental results showed that on rust paint scheme has better anticorrosion effect than that of metal+organic coating scheme.

  17. Anti-corrosion Lining of Wet Stack in the FGD System of Coal-ifred Power Plant%燃煤火力电厂烟气脱硫系统湿烟囱防腐内衬概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳明辉; 刘焕安; 叶际宣

    2014-01-01

    The corrosion in wet stack was analyzed and discussed. The corrosion in wet stack is a muti-phase(gas, liquid and solid etc) effected corrosion. The common used anti-corrosion linings such as glass flake, FRP, borosilicate foamed glass block and metals were characterized and analyzed. From the LCC index point of view, metals are the long life and cost-effective anti-corrosion lining of wet stack.%本文分析和讨论了湿烟囱的腐蚀特性,指出湿烟囱的腐蚀是气体、液体、固体等多相作用下的腐蚀。介绍和分析了常用的湿烟囱防腐内衬玻璃鳞片、玻璃钢、泡沫玻璃砖以及金属材料,从LCC的指标来说,金属材料是长效且经济的湿烟囱防腐内衬。

  18. Study of a new possibility to predict the behavior of high - performance anticorrosive protections applied on steel after their exposure in natural aggressive environments, respectively in laboratory accelerated conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina POPA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As a result of the global warming, notable changes in the climatic regime of Romania were observed in the last 40-50 years by increasing of the maximum temperatures and decreasing of the minimum temperatures characteristic for each season. This paper makes reference to an experimental research regarding the actual severity of the Romanian climate and its effects toward some performant anticorrosive coatings applied on steel. Such performant anticorrosive protection systems were exposed in situ – marine and alpine environment - and in parallel, aiming to simulate the severe climatic actions through laboratory accelerated environments - neutral salt fog, condensation and temperature variations. The graphical representation and the interpretation of the adhesion to the steel surface by means of the variation of the class into which the paint was framed after performing the cross-cut test during the exposure provided information concerning a new possibility to predict the evolution of the degradation of the paint, by means of this characteristic experimentally determined.

  19. Experimental Investigation on Addition of Anticorrosive Agent in a 50-MW Biomass-Fired Circulating Fluidized Bed Boiler%生物质循环流化床锅炉掺烧防腐蚀剂的试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋景慧; 谭巍

    2014-01-01

    Experiments on combustion of pure biomass and biomass with anticorrosive agent were carried out in a 50-MW biomass-fired circulating fluidized bed boiler. The anticorrosive agent has a porous structure and mainly contains magnesium oxide (MgO), kaolin, activated alumina (Al2O3) and foamer. Results obtained in experiments show that, boiler thermal efficiency was weakly influenced by the anticorrosive agent, and contents of K and Cl in flue ash decreased as contrast to the increase of K and Cl in furnace slag. When the mass percentage of anticorrosive agent is 3%, in the flue ash, the K values ranged from 7.62%to 5.69%, and Cl values reduced from 3.86%to 2.35%. While in furnace slag, the values K varied from 4.03%to 4.71%, and Cl values increased from 756.58 mg/kg to 1 121.31 mg/kg. Due to the anticorrosive agent, the content of HCl in flue gas decreased from 25 mg/Nm3 to 15 mg/Nm3, as the emission of NO increased from 268 mg/Nm3 to 309 mg/Nm3.%在亚洲最大的50 MW生物质循环流化床直燃锅炉上进行了掺烧防腐蚀剂的燃烧试验,防腐蚀剂采用多孔膜结构,主要成分是MgO、高岭土、活性Al2O3和发泡剂,试验结果表明:掺烧防腐蚀剂不会降低锅炉热效率,且能够有效地降低飞灰中K、Cl元素的含量,将其固留在炉渣中。当防腐蚀剂添加量占总燃料质量的3%时,飞灰中的K元素含量由7.62%下降为5.69%,Cl元素含量由3.86%下降为2.35%;而炉渣中的K元素含量由4.03%上升为4.71%,Cl元素含量由756.58 mg/kg上升为1121.31 mg/kg;同时烟气中的HCl排放量由25 mg/Nm3下降为15 mg/Nm3,NO含量由268 mg/Nm3上升为309 mg/Nm3。

  20. 粘弹体防腐材料研制及其应用%Development and application of viscoelastic anti-corrosion materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁春; 李建忠; 王颖; 连艺秀; 刘艳利; 孙晶; 黄琳

    2012-01-01

    介绍了中国石油天然气管道科学研究院自主研制的粘弹体防腐材料的生产设备、技术参数以及工艺流程,并根据GB/T 4472-84、DIN 30670-91、SY/T 0414-2007、ISO21809-2008和GB/T23257-2009相关标准,对该材料70℃阴极剥离、120 d热水浸泡、23℃剥离强度、剪切强度、绝缘电阻率、密度、冲击强度、吸水率等性能进行了跟踪测试,结果表明:各项性能指标均符合相关标准要求.该材料在西气东输二线补口、阀室、站场等已广泛应用,具有良好的防腐性能,基本确保了西气东输二线管道的安全运行.%Production equipment, technical parameters and process of viscoelastic anti-corrosion materials developed independently by the Pipeline Research Institute of CNPC are described, and a tracking test is conducted for cathode disbonding at 70 °C, 120 d hot water soaking, peel strength at 23 °C, shear strength, insulation resistivity, density, impact strength, water absorption and other properties of the material in accordance with relevant standards such as GB/T4472-84, DIN30670-91, SY/T0414-2007, ISO21809-2008 and GB/T23257-2009. The results show that all performance indexes are in line with the relevant standards. The material with good corrosion resistance has been widely used in the field coating for welded joint, valve chambers and stations in the 2nd West-to-East Gas Pipeline, which basically ensure the safe operation of the Pipeline.

  1. KY-2缓蚀剂的研制及在中原油田的应用%The Study of KY-2 Anti-corrosive Agent and Application in Zhongyuan Oil Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘生福; 丁其杰

    2013-01-01

    It is about water’s corrosion from Zhongyuan production system. According to the situation that anti-corrosive is good at oil-soluble but bad at inhibition of corrosion. We composed five kinds of water-soluble and oil-microsoluble anti-corrosive agent in lab. In this paper, The corrosion inhibitor KY-2 ware synthesied with oleic acids, diethylenetriamine and other materials and It shows good corrosion protection property to sour sewage in oil fields. The chemical structural formula of corrosion inhibitor KY-2 ware studied by infrared spectrogram. The corrosion inhibition performance were investigated by weight-loss measurement and electrochemical polarization curves. When the cocentration of corrosion inhibitor is 100 mg/L, the corrosion protection rate is about 90%, and the corrosion rate is less than 0.076 mm/a, the iron ion in the production water and times for corrosive well repair was reduced. After KY-2 used a significant economic effect and anti-corrosion effect is good, and application prospect is good.%  要:通过中原油田生产系统产出液的腐蚀性调查,以油酸、二乙烯三胺和二甲苯为原料,通过合成、复配与评价试验,室内合成了适用于中原油田油井产出液的缓蚀剂KY-2.应用静态、动态挂片,电化学极化曲线评价其缓蚀性能及缓蚀机理.自2009年中原油田六个采油厂的现场应用表明,KY-2缓蚀剂的加入量在100mg/L时,腐蚀速率明显降低,其缓蚀效果可达90%左右,平均静态腐蚀速率小于0.076mm/a,并且总铁降低,趟井次数降低,经济效果显著,防腐效果良好,具有较好的推广应用前景.

  2. DR/2010型分光光度计在防腐分析技术上的应用%The Type of DR/2010 Spectrophotometer Using in Anticorrosion Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄彩容

    2012-01-01

    Detailed introduction Production Device Monitor Center of the new development three anticorrosive analysis of project: iron ion,chloride ion,sulfur ion new method for the determination of and the type of 2010 spectrophotometer performance.The facts proved that the three new methods were most suitable analysis methods for analysis sulfur wate water.%详细介绍了茂名石化生产设备监测中心新开发的3个防腐分析项目:铁离子、氯离子、硫离子测定的新方法以及DR/2010型分光光度计的性能。事实证明,这3个新方法是目前众多分析方法中最适合分析含硫污水的分析方法。

  3. 重防腐涂料用水性环氧乳液的制备%Preparation of waterborne epoxy emulsion for heavy-duty anticorrosion coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈中华; 高菲菲; 穆爱婷

    2012-01-01

    A specified nonionic emulsifier for waterborne epoxy resin was prepared by reaction between high-molecular weight polyether and solid bisphenoi A epoxy resin, and then used to prepare waterborne epoxy emulsion by phase inversion technique. The effect of the dosage of boron trifluoride (BF3) diethyl etherate as catalyst on the epoxy value of the reaction system with epoxy resin CYD011 and polyethylene glycol PEG6000 was discussed. The structure of emulsifier was characterized by infrared spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography. The molar ratio of epoxy resin to PEG6000, mass fraction of emulsifier, emulsification temperature, and epoxy resins with various molecular weight on the performance of epoxy emulsion were studied. The results showed that a highly-stable emulsion with particlesize <1 um can be obtained when the epoxy equivalent of epoxy resin is 450-500, emulsification temperature is 75℃, the dosage of catalyst is 0.40%, the molar ratio of epoxy resin to PEG6000 is 1:1, and the mass fraction of emulsifier is 15wt%. The film prepared from the emulsion features a flexibility of 1 mm and an impact strength of 50 kg-cm, and is able to endure corrosion in 5wt% NaCl solution for 17 d and salt spray test for 480 h. The emulsion can be applied to heavy- duty anticorrosion coating.%采用固体双酚A型环氧树脂与高分子量聚醚反应合成水性环氧树脂专用非离子型乳化剂,然后结合相反转技术制备水性环氧乳液.讨论了催化剂三氟化硼乙醚(BF3-乙醚)的用量对环氧树脂CYD011和聚乙二醇PEG6000反应体系环氧值的影响,并利用红外光谱和凝胶渗透色谱对合成乳化剂的结构进行表征,探讨了环氧树脂与PEG6000的摩尔比、乳化剂质量分数、乳化温度及不同分子量的环氧树脂对乳液性能的影响.结果表明,当环氧树脂的环氧当量为450 ~ 500,乳化温度为75℃、催化剂用量为0.40%、n(环氧树脂):n(PEG6000)=1:1、乳化剂质量分数为15

  4. 农村电网接地引下线腐蚀机理及新型防腐措施%Research on Corrosion Mechanism of Grounding Down Lead Lines and New Anti-corrosion Measures of Rural Power Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑志生; 钟铭声; 龚庆武

    2015-01-01

    农村电网覆盖面广,不同的土壤条件、缺乏维护及低成本设备缺陷造成农村电网接地引下线腐蚀问题严重。而接地引下线的腐蚀有着不同于接地网的腐蚀机理,即多种环境与化学作用的综合体现,所以农村电网接地引下线需要新的防腐措施。通过对已有研究成果探究,本文提出了包覆法结合牺牲阳极法的农村电网接地引下线防腐新措施,并对其实现进行了论述。%There exists problems in the wide rural power grid that the different soil conditions ,lack of maintenance and low cost e‐quipment defects cause serious corrosion of grounding down lead lines ,which has various mechanisms to the corrosion of grounding grids .The corrosion of grounding down lead lines is a comprehensive reflection of a variety of environmental and chemical interac‐tions ,therefore ,new anti-corrosion measures is required for the grounding down lead lines in the rural power grid .By exploring the existing research results ,new anti-corrosion measures using coating method and sacrificial anode protection method for the grounding down lead lines in the rural power grid is proposed in this paper ,and its realization is described .

  5. The effects of addition of poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVA) as a green corrosion inhibitor to the phosphate conversion coating on the anticorrosion and adhesion properties of the epoxy coating on the steel substrate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramezanzadeh, B., E-mail: ramezanzadeh-bh@icrc.ac.ir; Vakili, H.; Amini, R.

    2015-02-01

    Highlights: • Room temperature zinc phosphate coating was applied on the surface of steel sample. • Poly(vinyl) alcohol was added to the phosphating bath as a green corrosion inhibitor. • The adhesion and anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coating were investigated. • PVA decreased the phosphate crystal size and porosity. • PVA enhanced the corrosion protection and adhesion properties of the epoxy coating. - Abstract: Steel substrates were chemically treated by room temperature zinc phosphate conversion coating. Poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVA) was added to the phosphate solution as a green corrosion inhibitor. Finally, the epoxy/polyamide coating was applied on the untreated and surface treated steel samples. The effects of PVA on the morphological properties of the phosphate coating were studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measuring device. The adhesion properties of the epoxy coatings applied on the surface treated samples were investigated by pull-off and cathodic delamination tests. Also, the anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coatings were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Results showed that addition of PVA to the phosphate coating increased the population density of the phosphate crystals and decreased the phosphate grain size. The contact angle of the steel surface treated by Zn-PVA was lower than Zn treated one. The corrosion resistance of the epoxy coating was considerably increased on the steel substrate treated by zinc phosphate conversion coating containing PVA. PVA also enhanced the adhesion properties of the epoxy coating to the steel surface and decreased the cathodic delamination significantly.

  6. The effects of addition of poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVA) as a green corrosion inhibitor to the phosphate conversion coating on the anticorrosion and adhesion properties of the epoxy coating on the steel substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Room temperature zinc phosphate coating was applied on the surface of steel sample. • Poly(vinyl) alcohol was added to the phosphating bath as a green corrosion inhibitor. • The adhesion and anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coating were investigated. • PVA decreased the phosphate crystal size and porosity. • PVA enhanced the corrosion protection and adhesion properties of the epoxy coating. - Abstract: Steel substrates were chemically treated by room temperature zinc phosphate conversion coating. Poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVA) was added to the phosphate solution as a green corrosion inhibitor. Finally, the epoxy/polyamide coating was applied on the untreated and surface treated steel samples. The effects of PVA on the morphological properties of the phosphate coating were studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measuring device. The adhesion properties of the epoxy coatings applied on the surface treated samples were investigated by pull-off and cathodic delamination tests. Also, the anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coatings were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Results showed that addition of PVA to the phosphate coating increased the population density of the phosphate crystals and decreased the phosphate grain size. The contact angle of the steel surface treated by Zn-PVA was lower than Zn treated one. The corrosion resistance of the epoxy coating was considerably increased on the steel substrate treated by zinc phosphate conversion coating containing PVA. PVA also enhanced the adhesion properties of the epoxy coating to the steel surface and decreased the cathodic delamination significantly

  7. Self-Healing anticorrosive coatings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nesterova, Tatyana

    and storage, as well as ease of capsule dispersion. A systematic laboratory study, for reduction of poly(urea-formaldehyde) microcapsule size, filled with linseed oil, has been performed. Several synthesis parameters were varied (temperature, stabilizer content, stirring rate, stirrer geometry) and mechanical...... and a necessity of a thorough adjustment of the synthesis procedures for a wider use with other than original core materials. Free-flowing powders of two types of microcapsules (filled with linseed oil and alkylglycidylether) have been produced and investigated for solvent stability, stability towards stirring...

  8. 无溶剂环氧重防腐隔热导静电涂料的研制%Preparation of Solventless Epoxy Heavy Anti-corrosion Insulation Conducting Electrostatic Coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成楼; 隗功祥

    2012-01-01

    以丙烯酸改性环氧树脂为基料,以反应型和非反应型稀释剂为溶剂、以液态聚硫橡胶为增韧剂,在功能颜填料和助剂的配合下制备成甲组分;以腰果壳液合成的改性胺为固化剂,在促进剂和亲水剂配合下组成乙组分。固化后的涂层柔韧、致密,具有重防腐、隔热隔音、导静电性能。%Component I was prepared by using acrylic modified epoxy resin used as binder and reactive and nonreactive diluents as solvent, liquid polysulfide rubber as toughening agents, functional pigments and extender and additives; component Ⅱ was prepared by using modified amine synthesized by cashew nut shell liquid as curing agent, assorted with promoting agents and hydrophilic agent. After curing, the film flexible and compact, with heavy anti-corrosion, heat insulation, sound insulation, conducting electrostatic properties.

  9. New Anti-Corrosion Method for Compressor Motor Stator by Using Ion-Membrane%离子膜用于压缩机电机定子的防腐新途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马汉堡

    2012-01-01

    The continuous tunnel furnace flange processing is not efficient in solving the corrosion problem for compressor motor stator. The self-catalyzed inorganic ion-membrane changed the traditional processing of decades. Its excellent corrosion resistance was proved by RoHS solubility experiment of R134a and R600a. It provides a new approach of anti-corrosion application for compressor motor stator.%压缩机用电机的定子通常采用隧道炉发兰工艺来解决防腐问题,但是效果不理想.自催化无机离子膜的问世,打破了数十年的传统工艺.自催化无机离子膜不仅具备优越的防腐性能,而且经得起R134a和R600a的RoHS相溶性试验,从而开辟了压缩机用电机定子防腐应用的新途径.

  10. Analysis on Application of Zinc Spraying Anti-corrosion Technology in Hydraulic Metal Structure%浅析喷锌防腐技术在水工金属结构上的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉安

    2013-01-01

      Zinc spraying anti-corrosion technology is an anti -corrosion method similar to hot dip galvanized anti -corrosion effect.Specific requirements are as follows : sand spraying anti-rust work should be done well on the surface of hydraulic metal, thereby metallic luster can be exposed from the metal surface , and the surface is roughened.Then, the lead wires are melted and blown to the surface of hydraulic metal through compressed air method , thereby forming a zinc coating layer . Pores are filled on this basis; finally a composite layer can be formed to prevent further erosion .%  喷锌防腐技术是一种类似于热浸锌防腐蚀效果的防腐蚀方法。具体要求在水工金属的表面做好喷砂除锈工作,使金属表面露出金属光泽并打毛,然后将铅丝融化,最后通过压缩空气的方法将其吹附到水工金属的表面,形成一个锌涂层,在此基础上填充完毛细孔,最后形成复合层来防止进一步的侵蚀。

  11. Synthesize and characterization of a novel anticorrosive cobalt ferrite nanoparticles dispersed in silica matrix (CoFe2O4-SiO2) to improve the corrosion protection performance of epoxy coating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gharagozlou, M.; Ramezanzadeh, B.; Baradaran, Z.

    2016-07-01

    This study aimed at studying the effect of an anticorrosive nickel ferrite nanoparticle dispersed in silica matrix (NiFe2O4-SiO2) on the corrosion protection properties of steel substrate. NiFe2O4 and NiFe2O4-SiO2 nanopigments were synthesized and then characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Then, 1 wt.% of nanopigments was dispersed in an epoxy coating and the resultant nanocomposites were applied on the steel substrates. The corrosion inhibition effects of nanopigments were tested by an electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and salt spray test. Results revealed that dispersing nickel ferrite nanoparticles in a silica matrix (NiFe2O4-SiO2) resulted in the enhancement of the nanopigment dispersion in the epoxy coating matrix. Inclusion of 1 wt.% of NiFe2O4-SiO2 nanopigment into the epoxy coating enhanced its corrosion protection properties before and after scratching.

  12. Study and Practice of Anti-corrosion Painting Systems for Exposed Steel Structures at the Top of the Shanghai Tower%上海中心大厦塔冠外露钢结构防腐涂装体系的研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋伟宁

    2014-01-01

    The top of the Shanghai Tower is the first tower structure ever reached 600 meters high in domestic architecture history.Routine techniques in anti-corrosion of steel structure are not proper in this case due to the structure complexity,numerous related equipment,harsh environment and difficult construction proce-dures.After analysing the nature as well as construction conditions of the top of the tower and repeating steps of denying,adjusting and re-denying,a new anti-corrosion system aimed to achieve long effective corrosion prevention was proposed.Furthermore,the effectiveness of this system was verified by experiments.Combi-ning with strict quality control,this anti-corrosion system was finally applied in the corrosion prevention for ex-posed steel structures at the top of the Shanghai Tower.%上海中心大厦塔冠是国内房屋建筑史上第一次达到600 m 以上高度的塔顶建筑,由于其结构复杂、关联设备众多、环境条件严酷、施工难度大,常规的钢结构防腐经验难以适用。通过对塔冠自然条件和施工条件的深入分析,陈述了原方案的否定、调整和再否定,并在大量工程调研的基础上,提出了新的长效防腐体系。通过试验检验,结合严格的工艺质量控制,使这一新的组合配套防腐体系在大厦塔冠钢结构防腐实践中得到落实应用。

  13. 含硫气井管线腐蚀分析及防腐措施探讨%Analysis of the pipeline corrosion and discussion of the anti-corrosion measures for the sour gas well

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏林; 赵建国; 赵尹琛; 王婷娟; 李丹

    2011-01-01

    The corrosion for the sour gas well is always the difficult problem faced in the pro- cess of the gas-field exploration, which is main the electrochemical corrosion. The affection factors contain the water of the gas, the concentration of H2S, temperature, pH, CO2 and so on. The general content of the Yulin gas-field is lower and the corrosion is litter. However, the sour gas well of the Yu 20 Gas gathering station is nearer. For the pigging of Yu 20 Branch line, there exists corrosion. Through analysis the corrosion mechanics and the anticorrosion status for the sour gas well of Yulin gas-field, the improvement step that abating the H2S corrosion is introduced.%含硫气井的腐蚀一直是气田开发过程中需要面对的难题,含硫气井的腐蚀主要是电化学腐蚀,影响因素主要有天然气中所含的水、H2s的浓度、温度、pH值、CO2等。榆林气田整体HES含量较低,腐蚀轻微,但由于榆20集气站含硫气井集中,从历年清管情况来看,存在一定的H2S腐蚀。通过分析合H2s气井的腐蚀机理和榆林气田含硫气井防腐现状,提出进一步减轻H2S腐蚀的优化措施。

  14. The implementation and application of chemical cleaning and anti-corrosive coating of the condenser%凝汽器化学清洗及防腐镀膜的实施及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田红艳

    2011-01-01

    影响发电机组安全运行的因素有很多,凝汽器铜管的腐蚀就是其中之一。凝汽器铜管一旦发生腐蚀泄漏,冷却水便会漏入凝结水中,从而导致锅炉、汽轮机等设备的腐蚀与结垢。对凝汽器铜管进行化学清洗及防腐镀膜,可以有效阻止或缓解各类腐蚀,延长凝汽器使用寿命,减少因铜管泄漏造成的紧急停机、凝结水浪费、锅炉结垢,避免设备提前更换、甚至安全事故等风险。大大延长铜管的使用寿命,有利于凝汽器安全经济运行。%There are many factors in influencing the safe operation of the generator, and corrosion of the condenser copper pipe is one of them. Once the corrosion and leakage of the condenser copper pipe happened, it will lead to cooling water leak into the condensed water, and the corrosion and fouling of boiler and turbine was thereby produced. If the condenser copper pipe were dealt with the chemical cleaning and anti-corrosive coating, some risks will be reduced. Then kinds of corrosion can be effectively prevented or alleviated, service life of the condenser can be prolonged, emergency stop, condensed water waste and boiler scale caused by copper tube leakage will be reduced, replacement of the equipments in early, even accidents will avoid. Greatly extend the service life of the copper pipe will benefit to the safe and economical operation of the condenser.

  15. Research and Application of Two Different Anti-corrosion coating Systems on Tidal current Generator%两种防腐蚀涂层体系在潮流发电机组上的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李景; 贾朋刚; 过洁; 王辉亭

    2013-01-01

    Marine current is an important offshore source of renewable energy. Marine current turbine generator is one kind of facility which converts marine current energy into electric energy. Generally, marine current turbine generator works in offshore field with high speed of marine current, which always encounters challenges of serious corrosion and biofouling in marine environment. In this paper, two different kinds of coating systems have been tested and utilized to paint the main parts of tidal current generator. The results tested in laboratory and in sea indicate that these two coating systems show good anti-corrosive property.%  潮流能是一种重要的海洋可再生能源。潮流能发电机组是一种将潮流能转化为电能的装置。潮流能发电机组一般运行在海流流速较大的近海海域,面临着海水腐蚀,微生物附着等因素的严重影响。本文分析了两种防腐蚀涂层体系的各项性能参数,在潮流能发电机的各主要部件外表面进行了涂装,并且进行了海试。实验室检验结果和海试结果表明,两种涂层均表现出良好的耐腐蚀效果。

  16. Anti-corrosion properties of Ni-P alloy coated on engine cylinder prepared from jet electrodeposion%发动机气缸电喷镀镍磷合金镀层及耐腐蚀性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王颖; 康敏; 傅秀清; 王兴盛

    2014-01-01

    Cylinder is the important part of tractor engine, which service life and the production cost are directly affected by anti-corrosion of the component. With the excellent wear resistance, corrosion resistance and higher hardness, Ni-P alloy deposited layer plays an important role for enhance the service life and reliability of cylinder, and the capability and quality of the tractor engine can be improved. Because of severe working environment of cylinder and piston such as high temperature, high load, high-velocity motion, poor lubrication, difficult cooling, especially weak acid for work environment, it is advisable to study the anti-corrosion properties of Ni-P alloy coated on engine cylinder. However, with the advancement of social economy, the conventional method for electrodeposited Ni-P alloy fails to meet the requirements of the development due to lower depositing rate and lower production efficiency. The jet electrodeposition is developed in recent years, which can significant increase the production efficiency because jet electrolyte can accelerate transfer process of the electrodeposition material and augment limiting current density. So the jet electrodeposition is a kind of high-velocity, selective electrodeposition technique with high deposition current density. In this paper, the engine cylinder coated with Ni-P alloy with jet electrodeposition was taken as research object. The surface appearance of deposited layer was observed by 6XB-PC reflective optical microscope. The corrosion behavior of Ni-P alloy coated on cylinder in 50 g/L NaCl solutions at different moment was studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarization method. The results show that the coating surface appearance is dense and smooth. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is composed of high and low frequency arcs when the layer immersed in 50 g/L NaCl solutions with 0.5, 1, 6, 12 and 24 h. The high frequency arcs have relation with original oxidation

  17. Analysis and Experiment Research on Dehumidification and Anti-corrosion System of Main Cable of Suspension Bridge Based on Waste Heat Recovery%基于余热回收的悬索桥主缆除湿防腐系统节能分析与实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭关中; 缪小平; 范良凯; 贾代勇; 刘文杰; 马喜斌

    2011-01-01

    Main cable is one of the most important bearing components of suspension bridge, and also the irreplaceable component, known as the “lifeline” of the suspension bridge. The main cable is exposed to the atmosphere for a long time, and withstands the erosion of various adverse environments, which results in the rust and corrosion of steel wire of main cable. The dehumidification and anti-corrosion system will send dry air into the main cable,reduce the air relative humidity,so as to avoid rust and corrosion of steel wire, and improve the service life. In this paper, the principle and composition of the dehumidification and anticorrosion system of main cable were described, and a dehumidification and anti-corrosion system of main cable of suspension bridge based on the waste heat recovery was proposed. The test rig for testing the performance of heat exchanger was built up, and the experiment results indicated that when the regenerated air flowrate of the rotary dehumidifier was 1/3 of the rotary dehumidification air flowrate,with the increase of the rotary dehumidification air flowrate, the heat exchange efficiency of the heat exchanger would be improved,the temperature of the regenerated air would rise through the heat exchanger, which would reduce the heating capacity of regeneration electric heater, and save the energy consumption of the dehumidification and anti-corrosion system of main cable.Therefore, the waste beat recovery technology was favorable for the energy conservation of the dehumidification and anti-corrosion system of main cable.%主缆是悬索桥最重要的受力构件之一,且是不可更换构件,被称为悬索桥的"生命线".主缆长期暴露在大气环境中,经受着各种不利环境的侵蚀,导致主缆钢丝易产生锈蚀.主缆除湿防腐系统将干燥空气送入主缆,降低主缆内的空气湿度,从而避免主缆钢丝锈蚀.提高了主缆钢丝的使用寿命.本文阐述了主缆除湿防腐系统的原理及组

  18. 油田集输用塑料合金复合管管体爆裂分析%Failure Analysis of Anticorrosion Plastic Alloy Composite Pipe for Oil Gathering and Transportation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李循迹; 李厚补; 常泽亮; 戚东涛; 毛学强; 魏斌

    2014-01-01

    An anticorrosion plastic alloy composite pipe for oil gathering and transportation failed during service. Investigations were performed to identify the possible failure causes of the pipe. Composition and thermal analysis of inner plastic alloy and outer GRP resin were systematically studied by using FTIR, TG-DSC, VST, etc. Results reveal that additives in failed plastic alloy may have not been stirred enough before extrusion or the content of additives may exceed their normal range. The glass transition temperature of GRP resin was much lower than that stated in standard. Hence, the lower state of cure for resin as well as the higher resin content of GRP layer makes the outer GRP structural layer have a relatively lower mechanical property, giving rise to the final failure of the composite pipe after serving for a long time under the co-effect of the aging and corrosion.%集油管线用塑料合金复合管在使用过程中发生了管体爆裂失效事故。为了探讨复合管的失效原因,采用红外光谱分析、差热-热重分析、VST等分析手段,研究了复合管用内衬塑料层和外结构层玻璃钢树脂基体的结构成分、热性能等。结果表明:复合管内衬材料添加剂含量较多或分散不均,而复合管玻璃钢基体树脂的玻璃化转变温度远低于标准要求。较低的固化度和偏高的树脂含量导致玻璃钢结构层力学性能下降,在长期服役过程中的老化及介质腐蚀共同作用下,复合管最终爆裂失效。

  19. 20钢玻璃内衬防腐管与304不锈钢管对接工艺分析%Study on Butt Welding Process of 20 Steel Glass Lining Anticorrosion Tube and 304 Stainless Steel Pipe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵泽敬; 赵志彬; 毛习飞; 王志文

    2015-01-01

    对于20钢玻璃内衬防腐管与304不锈钢钢管对接选用和耐蚀堆焊层相同的材料AT-ERNi625焊丝进行打底,填充盖面分别选择了AT-ERNi625焊丝和304焊丝,采用拉伸、弯曲试验、显微硬度试验测试焊接接头力学性能;通过扫描电镜、光学显微镜对焊缝断口及显微组织进行分析。结果表明,焊缝抗拉强度大于20钢抗拉强度,其显微硬度从母材到焊缝,从盖面层到打底层都呈现下降趋势,其力学性能满足使用要求;在母材20钢一侧出现了脱碳层,焊缝一侧出现增碳层,焊缝中的组织主要是少量的针状铁素体和奥氏体。%For 20 steel glass lining anticorrosion tube and 304 stainless steel pipe butt welding, it selected AT-ERNi625 welding wire to conduct backing, which is the same material as corrosion resistant surfacing layer. Filling and covering respectively chose ERNi625 welding wire and 304 welding wire. The mechanical properties of welded joints were tested by tensile test and microhardness test, and the weld fracture and microstructure were analyzed by scanning electron microscope, optical microscope. The results indicated that the tensile strength of weld is higher than that of 20 steel, and the microhardness present a downward trend from base metal to weld, from covering welding layer to backing layer. The mechanical properties can meet application requirements. The decarburization layer appeared at the side of the parent metal 20 steel, and recarburization layer appeared at the side of weld. The organization in weld mainly consist of a small amount of acicular ferrite and austenite.

  20. A New fast-drying Chlorinated Rubber Heavy Anti-corrosion Static Conductive Paint at Room Temperature%室温快干氯化橡胶重防腐导静电涂料

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕维华; 伍家卫; 张远欣; 赵立祥; 苏晓云

    2011-01-01

    A new heavy anti-corrosion static conductive paint was prepared with chlorinated rubber as its main film forming substance, the homemade high solids content co-polyester resin as toughening resin, conductive graphite modified by silane coupling agent as conductive material. Its formula, manufacturing process and main performance indexes were introduced. The influence of the plasticizers, organic solvents, conductive graphite dosage and coating thickness to properties of the coating was studied. The results showed that the comprehensive performance of the coating was excellent when dosage of the high solids content co-polyester resin was 25 ±5%, conductive graphite 20 ±5%, the thinner of dissolution paint was mix solvents of methylbenzene, acetone, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that heat resistance of coating was improved after adding polyester resin. The SEM images of the coating showed that the morphology was a comparative neat layered dense layer and explained why the coating had an excellent barrier property and corrosion-resistance.%介绍了以氯化橡胶为主要成膜物,自制高固体分聚酯树脂为增韧改性树脂,用硅烷偶联剂处理的导电石墨为导电剂的新型重防腐导静电涂料的配方、制备工艺及主要性能指标;研究了增塑剂和有机溶剂种类、导电石墨用量及涂层厚度对涂料性能的影响;结果表明,聚酯树脂质量分数为25±5%、导电石墨质量分数为20±5%,稀释剂为用甲苯、丙酮、醋酸乙酯和醋酸丁酯配成的混合溶剂时,所得涂层综合性能最佳;热重分析表明,添加聚酯树脂后涂层耐热性提高;扫描电镜图显示,涂层为规则排列的层状致密层,说明涂料具有优良的阻隔性和防腐性.

  1. Synthesis and Evaluation of the Anti-corrosion Activity of Thiosemicarbazide and Thiosemicarbazone 4-N-(p-methoxyphenyl Substituted [Síntese e Avaliação da Atividade Anticorrosiva de Tiossemicarbazida e Tiossemicarbazona 4-N-(p-metóxifenil Substituídas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Sousa-Pereira

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The anti-corrosion activity of 1-phenyl-4-(p-methoxyphenyl-thiosemicarbazide (1and cinnamaldehyde-4-(p-methoxyphenyl-thiosemicarbazone (2 compounds against the corrosion of AISI 1020 carbon steel in 1 molL-1 HCl solution was evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS at different inhibitor concentrations. The relationship between molecular structure and inhibitory efficiency was evaluated by molecular modeling. The polarization curves indicate that both compounds act as mixed inhibitors. Nyquist diagrams show that the charge transfer resistance increases when the inhibitor concentration rises; consequently, increasing the inhibitoryefficiency. The theoretical results were supported by the experimental data. All techniques used showed that thiosemicarbazone (2 is a more potent inhibitor than thiosemicarbazide (1.

  2. Influence of anticorrosion agent and curing regimes on pore structure feature and moisture loss of concrete%防腐剂和养护制度对混凝土孔结构特征及水分损失的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常洪雷; 穆松; 刘建忠

    2015-01-01

    To improve corrosion resistance of concrete,mercury intrusion porosimetry,interfacial transition zone(ITZ)microphotography,water absorption porosity test and moisture loss test were employed to investigate the influences of anticorrosion agent and three curing regimes on pore struc-ture,ITZ,and moisture loss evolution during drying.The results show that the addition of the an-ticorrosion agent can reduce concrete porosity and average pore size,lower the ratio of large pores (pore size larger than 100 nm)that affects concrete's transport performance,improve pore structure, and compact interfacial transition zone.Meanwhile,it can decrease and slow down moisture loss during drying process.As for the curing methods,the pore structure of concrete under partial immer-sion is not well developed,and the interfacial transition zone is unconsolidated with micro cracks, leading to easier and faster loss of water content.Therefore,the addition of the anticorrosion agent improves corrosion resistance of concrete by preventing corrosion medium entering into concrete, while corrosion is more likely to occur under partial immersion curing condition.%为了改善混凝土的防腐蚀性能,采用压汞、扫描电子显微镜、水吸附孔隙率测试以及干燥过程水分质量损失测试等方法,研究了防腐剂和3种养护制度对混凝土孔结构特征、界面过渡区微观形貌以及干燥过程水分损失的影响。研究结果表明,防腐剂的掺入可以降低混凝土孔隙率和平均孔径,使得影响混凝土传输性能的大毛细孔(孔径大于等于100 nm)的体积占有率明显减小,有效改善了孔结构,密实了界面过渡区,同时减少了干燥过程的水分损失。半浸泡养护的混凝土孔结构发展不完善,界面过渡区较为疏松,存在微细裂纹,混凝土较易失去内部水分。防腐剂使得侵蚀性介质不易进入混凝土内部,防腐性能显著提高,而半浸泡养护易造成腐蚀。

  3. Analysis on Action Mechanism of Anticorrosion Concrete Packed Piles Applied in Cha Er Han Salt Lake%在察尔汗盐湖地区应用防腐蚀混凝土裹体桩作用机理的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏文财; 黄明

    2011-01-01

    该文重点对防腐蚀裹体桩的包裹材料复合土工布袋的构成、防渗性能、耐酸碱腐蚀性能和使用寿命、对混凝土裹体桩的承载力影响等方面进行分析和描述,为进一步在察尔汗盐湖地区工程建设中推广和使用防腐蚀混凝土裹体桩提供了理论和实践的依据.%The components,anti-seepage performance, acid and alkali resistance performance, serves life andinfluence by bearing capacity of anticorrosion concrete packed piles of earthwork synthetic material are analyzedand described , and it provides the basis of theories and practice in the spread and application of anticorrosionconcrete packed piles in Cha Er Han salt lake.

  4. Effect of Reaction Temperature and pH Value on Performances of Polyaniline/Epoxy Resin Composite Anti-corrosion Coatings%反应温度及pH值对聚苯胺/环氧树脂涂料防腐性能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝少娜; 甘孟瑜; 冯利军; 杨桔; 李志春; 贾春悦; 刘兴敏

    2011-01-01

    采用原位乳液聚合法,合成了聚苯胺/环氧树脂(PAn/EP)复合涂料,研究了聚合反应温度及体系pH值对其防腐性能的影响,并探讨了其防腐机理.结果表明,当反应温度为25℃、体系中PH=1时合成的PAn/EP复合涂料的防腐效果较好,并明显优于商品PAn/EP混合涂料.%The effects of reaction temperature and pH value on the corrosion resistance of polyaniline/epoxy resin (PAn/EP) composite coatings, which were prepared by chemical in-situ polymerization, were investigated by Tafel measurement. And the anti-corrosion mechanism of polyaniline/epoxy resin composite coatings was also discussed. The experimental results show that when the reaction temperature is 25 ℃ and the pH value is 1, the corrosion resistance of the composite coating is satisfactory, and it is better than PAn/EP mixed coatings.

  5. Research progress of electroless plating applied on heat exchange surface to enhance dropwise condensation,anti-fouling and anti-corrosion properties%化学镀在换热表面强化滴状凝结、阻垢、耐蚀研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡丞; 高景山; 张英

    2015-01-01

    Based on the practical problems of condenser,this article reviews the research progress of electroless plating applied to enhance dropwise condensation,anti-fouling and anti-corrosion properties.It is discussed the influence of surface energy,amorphous content,temperature, pressure,and PTFE content on the dropwise condensation.The growth of deposition on the electroless plating surface is introduced,and it is discussed the effect of amorphous content, experiment conditions,multi-layer plating and wolfram,boron nitride,stannum and cooper content on the surface anti-fouling property.This article discusses the influence of phosphorus content,multi-layer plating,surfactant,pH,temperature and Cu and PTFE content on the surface anti-corrosion property.Considering practical problems of condenser, put forward to future research which is creating a muli-property electroless plating.Meanwhile,in order to promote the development of electroless plating technology industrialization,longevity problem of electroless plating should also be solved.%从换热器实际问题出发,分别回顾了化学镀层强化凝结换热、阻垢、耐蚀3个方面的研究进展。在强化凝结换热方面,阐述了以 Ni-P化学镀为基础的界面表面能、镀层非晶含量、温度、压力以及添加 PTFE等物质对在换热界面形成滴状凝结的影响。在化学镀阻垢方面,介绍了污垢的生长过程,讨论了镀层非晶含量、实验条件、梯度镀层以及添加W、BN、Sn、Cu等元素对镀层阻垢性能的影响。在化学镀耐腐蚀研究方面,阐述了镀层磷含量、梯度镀层、表面活性剂、镀液 pH 值、温度以及添加Cu、PTFE等元素对镀层抗腐蚀性能的影响。并根据实际生产情况,提出对镀层强化凝结换热、阻垢和耐腐蚀3个方面特性相互间的影响关系进行研究。同时提出,为了推进镀层技术工业化发展,还应解决镀层长效性的问题。

  6. 氟硅丙烯酸酯/钠基蒙脱土复合乳胶涂层的制备及防腐蚀性能%Preparation and anticorrosion performance of fluorine-silicon-acrylate/sodium montmorillonite composite emulsion coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓辉; 李玉峰; 祝晶晶; 张毅志

    2015-01-01

    以甲基丙烯酸十二氟庚酯和乙烯基三甲氧基硅烷为功能单体,采用种子乳液聚合法合成氟硅丙烯酸酯乳液(氟硅),然后将钠基蒙脱土(钠土)分散于其中,制成复合乳胶涂层并涂覆在Q235钢上。研究了乳液种类和钠土用量对涂层防腐性的影响。采用红外光谱(FT-IR)、透射电子显微镜(TEM)和扫描电子显微镜(SEM)表征了氟硅丙烯酸酯乳液和涂层。通过极化曲线、交流阻抗测量和中性盐雾试验探讨了复合涂层的耐腐蚀性。结果表明,乳胶粒子呈核壳结构,涂层连续、致密,钠土在涂层中分散均匀。当钠土用量为4%时,复合涂层的耐蚀性最好,水接触角达到102.4°,附着力为0级,电化学阻抗达到104.4Ω,腐蚀速率仅为4.3×10−5 mm/a,盐雾试验240 h后膜下金属未发生腐蚀扩散。%A fluorine-silicon-acrylate emulsion was synthesized by seed emulsion polymerization using dodecafluoroheptyl methacrylate and vinyltrimethoxysilane as monomers. Sodium montmorillonite (Na-MMT) was dispersed in the fluorine-silicon-acrylate emulsion for preparing a composite emulsion coating for Q235 steel. The influences of emulsion type and Na-MMT content on anticorrosion properties of the coating were studied. The fluorine-silicon-acrylate emulsion and coating were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The corrosion resistance of the composite coating was examined by polarization curve measurement, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and neutral salt spray test. The results showed that the emulsion particles possess obvious core-shell structure and the composite coating is continuous and compact with well-dispersed Na-MMT. The composite emulsion coating obtained with 4%Na-MMT has optimal anticorrosion performance with a water contact angle of 102.4°, adhesion strength of 0 grade

  7. Preparation of Organic Phosphate Modified Styrene-Acrylate Grafted Epoxy Resins Latex and Its Anti-Corrosion Property%磷酸酯改性苯丙接枝环氧树脂胶乳的制备及其防腐蚀性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛正和; 钟涛; 朱爱萍; 夏中高; 杨芳芳

    2012-01-01

    采用乳液聚合方法制备了一种用于水性金属防腐蚀涂料的磷酸酯改性苯丙接枝环氧树脂胶乳,其中环氧树脂占胶乳固体含量30%,磷酸酯占胶乳固体含量1.2%.制备的胶乳可室温交联固化.采用透射电镜表征了胶乳的形貌,红外光谱表征胶乳的结构,偏光显微镜研究金属的闪锈行为,拉开法测定附着力.结果表明:胶乳粒子呈现规则的球型形貌,粒径为130 ~ 150 nm,粒径分布均匀;磷酸酯以共价键的方式连接在苯丙接枝环氧树脂胶乳中;胶乳具有优异的防闪锈性,干/湿附着力优异,同时乳胶膜具有优异的机械力学性能、耐盐水性能以及防腐蚀性能.%Emulsion polymerization was used to prepare the organic phosphate modified styrene — acrylate grafted epoxy resins latex for preparation of the waterborne metal anticorrosive coatings, in which epoxy resin content was 30% and organic phosphate content was 1.2%. The resulting latex could be crosslinked at room temperature. The latex morphology was characterized with TEM; the structure was measured with FT - IR; the flash rust behaviors on metals were studied with the polarizing microscope; and the adhesion was measured with the pull - off method. The results indicated that the latex particles showed regular spheroidal morphology, with 130-150 nm in diameter and uniform particle size distribution; the organic phosphate linked with styrene - acrylate grafted epoxy resins latex by covalent bond; the latex was excellent in flash rust resistance and drying/wet adhesion. And the latex film could provide good mechanical properties, salt water resistance and anti - corrosion property.

  8. X65/2205耐蚀合金内衬管焊接工艺开发及焊接接头耐蚀性研究%Welding Procedure Development and Corrosion Resistance Research of Welded Joints for X65/2205 Anticorrosion Alloy Clad Pipe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张念涛; 徐连勇; 韩永典; 刘永贞; 许可望

    2012-01-01

    根据X65/2205耐蚀合金内衬管焊接特点,开发了一种钨极氩弧焊焊接工艺.对内衬管焊接接头进行了显微组织分析、点蚀试验,抗H2S应力腐蚀开裂试验(SSCC)分析.结果表明:焊接接头HAZ的显微组织靠母材一侧为粗大的奥氏体晶粒,靠焊缝一侧为奥氏体基体上分布着铁素体;根部焊缝的显微组织为奥氏体基体上分布着铁素体.经过72h的点蚀试验后,对根部焊缝而言,钨极氩孤焊背部免充气保护焊接工艺得到的根部焊缝的耐腐蚀性与相邻的根部母材相当.经过720 h SSCC试验后,焊接接头均未发生开裂.%According to the welding characteristics of X65/2205 anticorrosion alloy clad pipe, a GTAW welding technology was developed. The microstructure analysis, pitting corrosion tests and sulfide stress corrosion crack (SSCC) tests were conducted on the X65/2205 clad pipe welded joints. The results revealed that the microstructure of HAZ was coarse austenite near base metal side and ferrite distributed in the austenite matrix near the weld metal side. The microstructure in the weld metal was ferrite distributed in the austenite matrix. After 72 h pitting corrosion test , the corrosion resistance of root weld metal, which was obtained by adopting TIG welding technology of non-filling argon in the back, the corrosion resistance was commensurate to that of the adjacent base metal. After 720 h SSCC test, the result showed that no crack was observed in the welded joints.

  9. 不锈钢表面有机-无机复合膜的制备及其抗海水腐蚀性能%Fabrication of organic-inorganic hybrid membrane on 304 stainless steel surface and its anti-corrosion properties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛瑞婷; 宋现旺; 尹衍升; 陈守刚

    2011-01-01

    以多巴胺修饰304不锈钢为基体,采用溶胶凝胶法和自组装成膜法制备了SiO2基、TiO2基和SiO2-TiO2混合基有机-无机杂化涂层.探讨了钛酸四丁酯、正硅酸乙酯和11-巯基十一烷酸(MUA)在不锈钢基体上的成膜性和成膜后的抗腐蚀性能.借助金相显微镜观察了不锈钢基体上的杂化膜的显微形貌,塔菲尔曲线和电化学阻抗谱对比分析了杂化膜的抗腐蚀性能.结果表明,MUA和TiO2、SiO2能复合成膜,膜的致密性好,具有可重复性,且引入TiO2和SiO2后,其抗腐蚀性能有较大幅度提高.%In this paper, dopamine is used to modify the surface of 304 stainless steels. TiO2 , SiO2 and TiO2/SiO2 based hybrid membranes are prepared by sol-gel process and self-assambly method. The film forming properties of tetrabutyl titanate,tetraethoxysilane and 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid ( MUA) and anti-corrosion property of the hybrid membranes are investigated. The formation and surface structure of hybrid membranes are characterized by metallurgical microscopy. The results show that hybrid membranes can be successfully fabricated on 304 stainless steel substrates and the compactneas of hybrid membranes is better than the simple organic film. The corrosion behavior of hybrid films are evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization and the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy ( EIS) . The results indicate that hybrid membranes based on the adhesive of poly( dopamine) indeed reduce the corrosion of 304 stainless steels.

  10. Research on Anti-Corrosion of Thiobacillus for the Geopolymer Solidification MSWI Fly Ash%地聚物固化生活垃圾焚烧飞灰固化体抗氧化硫杆菌腐蚀性能的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金漫彤; 孙鑫; 董海丽; 金赞芳

    2012-01-01

    In order to discuss the anti-Thiobacillus corrosion performance of geopolymer solidification MSWI fly ash,the research simulated the Thiobacillus corrosion process by experiment,investigated the change of mass,compressive strength,leaching concentration.The results showed that geopolymer had a good anti-corrosion ability: weight loss within 1%,the compressive strength still reached 21.88 MPa after 28 days,the corrosion resistance coefficient was above 0.9.The maximum leaching concentration of Cr,Cu,Zn,Cd,Hg,Pb were 107.7 μg·L^-1,22.71 μg·L^-1,39.18 μg·L^-1,0.56 μg·L^-1,34.84 μg·L^-1and 3.03 μg·L^-1,respectively.And the leaching concentration of geopolymer reduced with the immersion time,showed a good anti-Thiobacillus corrosion performance.Through the X-ray diffraction,Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,scanning electron microscope spectra of geopolymer,we investigated the microstructure and mechanism of geopolymer anti-corrosion.%为了探讨地聚合物固化生活垃圾焚烧飞灰后形成的固化体抗强酸性微生物的侵蚀性能,模拟氧化硫杆菌的腐蚀过程,考察经氧化硫杆菌浸泡前后地聚物固化体质量、抗压强度、浸出浓度的变化.结果表明,地聚物固化体具有良好的抗氧化硫杆菌侵蚀能力:浸泡28 d后,质量损失〈1%;抗压强度仍达到了21.88MPa,抗蚀系数在0.9以上;重金属Cr、Cu、Zn、Cd、Hg、Pb的最大浸出浓度仅为:107.7、22.71、39.18、0.56、34.84和3.03μg.L^-1.并且重金属的浸出浓度随浸泡时间而降低,表明了地聚物具有良好的抗氧化硫杆菌腐蚀的性能.实验通过X-ray衍射(XRD)、傅立叶红外光谱(FTIR)、扫描电镜(SEM)的分析对地聚物固化体的微观结构进行了表征,并探讨了地聚物固化体抗酸腐蚀性能的机制.

  11. ANTICORROSION PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC COATINGS CONTAINING POLYPHENYLENEDIAMINE PHOSPHATE

    OpenAIRE

    Miroslav Kohl; Andréa Kalendová

    2015-01-01

    The present work was aimed at the synthesis of polyphenylenediamine, its description and determination of parameters whose knowledge is required for the formulation of organic coatings pigmented with this compound. Polyphenylenediamine phosphate was prepared by oxidation polymerization in acidic environment. Phosphoric acid was used as the doping acid. Based on the results, pigmented organic coatings containing polyphenylenediamine at volume concentrations of 0%, 0.5%, 1%, 3%; 5%, and 10% wer...

  12. ANTICORROSION PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC COATINGS CONTAINING POLYPHENYLENEDIAMINE PHOSPHATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Kohl

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The present work was aimed at the synthesis of polyphenylenediamine, its description and determination of parameters whose knowledge is required for the formulation of organic coatings pigmented with this compound. Polyphenylenediamine phosphate was prepared by oxidation polymerization in acidic environment. Phosphoric acid was used as the doping acid. Based on the results, pigmented organic coatings containing polyphenylenediamine at volume concentrations of 0%, 0.5%, 1%, 3%; 5%, and 10% were formed. The effect of the conductive polymer on the organic coatings‘ corrosion properties was examined via accelerated corrosion tests. From the results of an accelerated corrosion test it follows that if added to an epoxy-ester coating, this pigment improves appreciably the coating‘s corrosion resistance, especially at low pigment volume concentrations.

  13. Anticorrosive Influence of Acetobacter aceti Biofilms on Carbon Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    France, Danielle Cook

    2016-07-01

    Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of carbon steel infrastructure is an emerging environmental and cost issue for the ethanol fuel industry, yet its examination lacks rigorous quantification of microbiological parameters that could reveal effective intervention strategies. To quantitatively characterize the effect of cell concentration on MIC of carbon steel, numbers of bacteria exposed to test coupons were systematically controlled to span four orders of magnitude throughout a seven-day test. The bacterium studied, Acetobacter aceti, has been found in ethanol fuel environments and can convert ethanol to the corrosive species acetic acid. A. aceti biofilms formed during the test were qualitatively evaluated with fluorescence microscopy, and steel surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscopy. During exposure, biofilms developed more quickly, and test reactor pH decreased at a faster rate, when cell exposure was higher. Resulting corrosion rates, however, were inversely proportional to cell exposure, indicating that A. aceti biofilms are able to protect carbon steel surfaces from corrosion. This is a novel demonstration of corrosion inhibition by an acid-producing bacterium that occurs naturally in corrosive environments. Mitigation techniques for MIC that harness the power of microbial communities have the potential to be scalable, inexpensive, and green solutions to industrial problems.

  14. Multifunctional oil-soluble anticorrosion additive gidrazeks-89

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Condensation product of non-symmetric dimethyl hydrazine with chlorine-derivatives of alkanoic hydrocarbons is shown to be well compatible with mineral oils and is characterized by high condensing ability. Its introduction into I-20A process oil results in low-component conservation compositions protecting carbonic steel against the atmospheric corrosion with up to 96-98% efficiency and over 0.4 volume factor of water solubilization. Refs. 5, figs. 6, tabs. 3

  15. Effects of different simulated fluids on anticorrosion biometallic materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁成浩; 牟战旗

    2001-01-01

    The corrosion behaviors of SUS316L stainless steel, Co-Cr alloy and Ti-6Al-4V alloy in Ringer's, PBS(-) and Hank's solutions have been investigated. The results indicate that the corrosion of Ringer's solution is the strongest, then followed by PBS(-) and Hank's solution. The presence of HPO2-4, H2PO-4, SO2-4 and glucose in the PBS(-)and Hank's solution probably reduces the corrosion inhibitor and corrosion current. The decrease of the solution's pH significantly increases the corrosion rate and susceptibility to localized corrosion of SUS316L SS and Co-Cr alloy. However, Ti-6Al-4V alloy exhibits an exceptional stability and has only a slight increase of corrosion rate with decreasing pH.

  16. Influence of substrate topography on cathodic delamination of anticorrosive coatings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Per Aggerholm; Kiil, Søren; Dam-Johansen, Kim;

    2009-01-01

    by migration of cations from the defect to the delamination front. This means that abrasive blasting, to some extent, can be applied to control and minimize the observed rate of cathodic delamination. The lifetime of the species causing disbondment suggested that sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide...

  17. Application of Ketone-Based Resins as Anticorrosive Coating

    OpenAIRE

    Esma Sezer; Nilgün Kızılcan; Kerim Çoban

    2011-01-01

    Effect of some newly synthesized modified ketonic resins on corrosion inhibition of stainless steel (SS) and copper (Cu) was investigated in acidic medium. Carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl functionalized resins have been coated on metal electrode as a thin film by dipping method. Corrosion characteristics of coating on SS (304 L) and Cu were investigated by polarization, open-circuit, and impedance measurement. These measurements performed at different time and the stability of polymeric coat...

  18. Anticorrosive Influence of Acetobacter aceti Biofilms on Carbon Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    France, Danielle Cook

    2016-09-01

    Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of carbon steel infrastructure is an emerging environmental and cost issue for the ethanol fuel industry, yet its examination lacks rigorous quantification of microbiological parameters that could reveal effective intervention strategies. To quantitatively characterize the effect of cell concentration on MIC of carbon steel, numbers of bacteria exposed to test coupons were systematically controlled to span four orders of magnitude throughout a seven-day test. The bacterium studied, Acetobacter aceti, has been found in ethanol fuel environments and can convert ethanol to the corrosive species acetic acid. A. aceti biofilms formed during the test were qualitatively evaluated with fluorescence microscopy, and steel surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscopy. During exposure, biofilms developed more quickly, and test reactor pH decreased at a faster rate, when cell exposure was higher. Resulting corrosion rates, however, were inversely proportional to cell exposure, indicating that A. aceti biofilms are able to protect carbon steel surfaces from corrosion. This is a novel demonstration of corrosion inhibition by an acid-producing bacterium that occurs naturally in corrosive environments. Mitigation techniques for MIC that harness the power of microbial communities have the potential to be scalable, inexpensive, and green solutions to industrial problems.

  19. Experimental Research on the Anti-corrosion Design out of the Tube and Casing Material Selection Chart in the Offshore Oilfields%超出海上油套管选材图版的防腐设计实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海山

    2016-01-01

    目的:东海A气田开发储层流体中CO2分压约1.85 MPa,温度在150℃左右。井下腐蚀环境已超出中海油选材图版的应用范围,因此应进行防腐模拟实验研究,为优选油套管材质提供依据。方法应用失重法在高温高压动态反应釜中进行高温高压动态腐蚀模拟测试,选择油气田开发中高防腐油套管常用的普通13Cr、超级13Cr、22-25Cr双相不锈钢3种材质试样,测试不同材质油套管井下的腐蚀速率。结果 CO2分压2.0 MPa下,130℃时3种材质均未发现局部点蚀,温度升至150℃时,超级13Cr和22-25Cr双相不锈钢表现为均匀腐蚀,普通13Cr材质出现了点蚀,点蚀速率为0.6413 mm/a,明显超过了腐蚀控制线;150℃下,随着CO2分压的增加,腐蚀速率增加,但分压达到约2.0 MPa后,腐蚀速率增加减缓,并且出现下降趋势。结论从井底开发储层到地面,温度逐步降低,根据实验结果,东海 A 气田开发设计组合油套管的方式防腐,深部温度高于130℃位置的油套管应用超级13Cr材质,上部温度低于130℃位置的油套管应用普通13Cr材质,以降低成本。%ABSTRACT:Objective The content of CO2 partial pressure of the development reservoir fluid on the Gas Field A in the East China Sea is about 1.85 MPa, and the temperature is about 150℃. The parameters of downhole corrosion environment are out of the application scope of CNOOC tube and casing material selection chart, therefore, corrosive simulation experimental research should be carried out, which provides the foundation for optimization of tube and casing material.Methods In the ex-periment, weight loss method was used to dynamically test the corrosion rates of different tube and casingmaterials under the downhole condition by HTHP Auto Clave. The material samples were ordinary 13Cr, super 13Cr and 22-25Cr duplex stainless steel, high anticorrosive tubing and casing, which are commonly

  20. CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM CONTAINING ANTI-CORROSION FILMS ON MILD STEEL

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Yuan Feng

    2010-01-01

    Under normal conditions, cathodically protected mild steel in seawater is protected by a precipitated film of calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide, the so-called calcareous film. This study has attempted to investigate the dynamics of calcareous deposit formation during cathodic protection and the composition of calcareous deposits formed under different applied current densities, and also the role played by the initial current density in forming a good quality calcareous deposit. In add...

  1. Anti-corrosive properties of Argan oil on C38 steel in molar HCl solution

    OpenAIRE

    L. Afia; R. Salghi; L. Bammou; El. Bazzi; B. Hammouti; Bazzi, L.; A. Bouyanzer

    2014-01-01

    Corrosion inhibition effect of Argan oil (AO) on corrosion of C38 steel in 1 M HCl solution was investigated using weight loss measurements, electrochemical polarization and EIS methods. Results obtained reveal that Argan oil acts as a mixed inhibitor without modifying the hydrogen reduction mechanism. The inhibition efficiency increases with increased Argan oil concentration to attain a maximum value of 81% at 3 g/L. The inhibition efficiency of Argan oil decreases with the rise of temperatu...

  2. Anti-corrosive properties of Argan oil on C38 steel in molar HCl solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Afia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Corrosion inhibition effect of Argan oil (AO on corrosion of C38 steel in 1 M HCl solution was investigated using weight loss measurements, electrochemical polarization and EIS methods. Results obtained reveal that Argan oil acts as a mixed inhibitor without modifying the hydrogen reduction mechanism. The inhibition efficiency increases with increased Argan oil concentration to attain a maximum value of 81% at 3 g/L. The inhibition efficiency of Argan oil decreases with the rise of temperature. Argan oil is adsorbed on the steel surface according to Langmuir isotherm model. The parameters (Ea∗,ΔHa∗,ΔG∗ andΔSa∗ were estimated and discussed. The fundamental thermodynamic functions were used to glean important information about Argan oil’s inhibitory behavior.

  3. A novel method to prepare superhydrophobic, UV resistance and anti-corrosion steel surface

    KAUST Repository

    Isimjan, Tayirjan T.

    2012-11-01

    Both TiO 2 and SiO 2 coated steel surfaces containing micro- and nanoscale binary structures with different surface roughness were successfully fabricated by means of a facile layer by layer deposition process followed by heat treatment. The resulting surfaces were modified by the low free energy chemical PTES (1H,1H,2H,2H-Perfluorodecyltriethoxysilane). The experimental results of wettability exhibit that such modified surfaces have a strong repulsive force to water droplets, their static contact angles exceed 165°, receding angle>160°, advanced angles>170° and slide angle<1°. The resulting surfaces not only exhibit superhydrophobic properties but also show strong UV resistance (after coating SiO 2 on top of TiO 2) and strong stability to various solvents including 0.01% HCl solution. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

  4. A feasibility study of anticorrosion applications of modified hydrotalcites in reinforced concrete

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Z.; Fischer, H.R.; Polder, R.B.

    2012-01-01

    A carbonate form of Mg-Al-hydrotalcite with Mg/Al =2 and its p-aminobenzoate (pAB) modified derivative were synthesized and characterized by means of XRD, IR and TG/DSC. Mg(2)Al-CO3 was prepared by a coprecipitation method and was subsequently modified by pAB through the calcination-rehydration tech

  5. Synthesis, characterization and anticorrosion potentials of chitosan-g-PEG assembled on silver nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hefni, Hassan H H; Azzam, Eid M; Badr, Emad A; Hussein, M; Tawfik, Salah M

    2016-02-01

    Chitosan (Ch) grafted with poly(ethylene glycol) (Ch-g-mPEG) were synthesized using mPEG with molecular weights 2000 g/mol. The synthesized Ch-g-mPEG was characterized using gel permeation chromatography (GPC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Ch-g-mPEG silver nanoparticles has been synthesized and characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (EDAX). The synthesized Ch-g-mPEG and its nanostructure were examined as corrosion inhibitors for carbon steel in 1M HCl solution using potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. The results revealed that the inhibition efficiency obtained by Ch-g-mPEG self-assembled on silver nanoparticles is greater than that obtained by Ch-g-mPEG only. Potentiodynamic polarization results reveal that the synthesized compound could be classified as mixed-type corrosion inhibitors with predominant control of the cathodic reaction. The results of EIS indicate that the both charge transfer resistance and inhibition efficiency tend to increase by increasing the inhibitor concentration.

  6. ANTICORROSIVE ZINC COVERINGS ON STEEL ARTICLES: PROSPECTS OF THERMAL DIFFUSION COVERINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Konstantinov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of existing zinc coatings on steel details is carried out. The reached results on development of energyresourcesaving technologies of thermal-diffusion galvanization are reported.

  7. Anti-corrosion layer prepared by plasma electrolytic carbonitriding on pure aluminum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Jie; Zhang, Yifan; Liu, Run; Wang, Bin; Hua, Ming [Key Laboratory for Beam Technology and Materials Modification of Ministry of Education, College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Beijing Radiation Center, Beijing 100875 (China); Xue, Wenbin, E-mail: xuewb@bnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Beam Technology and Materials Modification of Ministry of Education, College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Beijing Radiation Center, Beijing 100875 (China)

    2015-08-30

    Highlights: • PEC/N can be applied to low melting point metal. • The spectroscopic characterization of plasma discharge is investigated. • Electron concentration and electron temperature are evaluated for PEC/N. • Phase composition of the carbonitrided layer is determined. • PEC/N improves the corrosion resistance of aluminum greatly. - Abstract: In this paper, plasma electrolytic carbonitriding (PEC/N) method was applied to pure aluminum for the first time. The spectroscopic characterization of plasma discharge during PEC/N process was analyzed and the electron temperature was calculated in terms of optical emission spectroscopy. The results showed the discharge plasma was in local thermal equilibrium (LTE) state. Electron concentration and electron temperature were about 6 × 10{sup 21} m{sup −3} and 4000 K, respectively. The carbonitrided layer contained Al{sub 4}C{sub 3}, AlN and Al{sub 7}C{sub 3}N{sub 3} phases. After PEC/N treatment, the corrosion resistance of pure aluminum was significantly improved, which was related to the formation of nitride phases. This work expands the application of plasma electrolysis technology on the surface modification of low melting point metal.

  8. Anti-corrosion layer prepared by plasma electrolytic carbonitriding on pure aluminum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jie; Zhang, Yifan; Liu, Run; Wang, Bin; Hua, Ming; Xue, Wenbin

    2015-08-01

    In this paper, plasma electrolytic carbonitriding (PEC/N) method was applied to pure aluminum for the first time. The spectroscopic characterization of plasma discharge during PEC/N process was analyzed and the electron temperature was calculated in terms of optical emission spectroscopy. The results showed the discharge plasma was in local thermal equilibrium (LTE) state. Electron concentration and electron temperature were about 6 × 1021 m-3 and 4000 K, respectively. The carbonitrided layer contained Al4C3, AlN and Al7C3N3 phases. After PEC/N treatment, the corrosion resistance of pure aluminum was significantly improved, which was related to the formation of nitride phases. This work expands the application of plasma electrolysis technology on the surface modification of low melting point metal.

  9. Study on Anticorrosive Cerium Conversion Coating of Cf/6061Al Composite Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The optimum chemical passivation process of the rare earth metal (REM) conversion coating on the Cf/6061Al composite surface was introduced in this paper and its polarization curves properties were investigated. Ridge-like coatings were found by scanning electro microscope (SEM) observations, and the Al matrix and carbon fibre reinforcement were both coated with Ce conversion coatings, with some minor cracks. The energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) plane scan analysis indicates that the major elements in the coating are Ce, O, Si, Al and the Ce content reaches 47.48%(mass fraction). The Ce conversion coatings increase the corrosion resisting properties of Cf/6061Al composite, with a higher free corrosion potential (Ecorr) and a lower free corrosion current density (icorr) for the coated composite than those of the bare composite. And the Boehmite-treatment would enhance the corrosion resistance of the REM conversion coating. The cathodic polarization and anodic polarization were retarded by REM conversion coating, resulting in an improved corrosion resistance.

  10. 大型天线防腐技术%Anticorrosion technology for large antenna

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董长胜; 张伟明; 王建宅; 银秋华; 黄晓群; 任兵锐; 张亚林; 曹江涛

    2014-01-01

    Large Antennas have been widely used in the aerospace ,deep‐space exploration and broadcast ,w hich are essential in the communication .T hey are fabricated by metal ,w hich can be easily corroded .Corrosion will deteriorate the appearance and performance ,even cause the security problem .By analyzing the necessary ,theory and influence factors of antenna corro‐sion ,many methods are proposed ,w hich contains optimizing materials ,structures ,designs , coatings ,and transportation .%大型天线广泛地应用在航空航天、深空探测、广播通信等领域,成为信息传递必不可少的设备。其多采用金属材料制造,因此在长期的室外工作环境下,极易发生腐蚀。金属材料的腐蚀将严重影响天线的性能和外观,甚至会产生人员与设备的安全问题。本文结合实际情况通过分析天线腐蚀的必要性、腐蚀机理和影响因素,结合实际情况为天线的防腐提供了优化材料、结构、加工工艺设计、喷镀金属涂层防护、涂料涂装防护、运输安装过程的防护、已损坏防护层的修复等方法,实现天线的长效防腐。

  11. Comparison of anti-corrosion properties of polyurethane based composite coatings with low infrared emissivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four polyurethane resins, pure polyurethane (PU), epoxy modified polyurethane (EPU), fluorinated polyurethane (FPU) and epoxy modified fluorinated polyurethane (EFPU), with similar polyurethane backbone structure but different grafting group were used as organic adhesive for preparing low infrared emissivity coatings with an extremely low emissivity near 0.10 at 8-14 μm, respectively. By using these four resins, the effect of different resin matrics on the corrosion protection of the low infrared emissivity coatings was investigated in detail by using neutral salt spray test, SEM and FTIR. It was found that the emissivity of the coatings with different resin matrics changes significantly in corrosion media. And the results indicated that the coating using EFPU as organic adhesive exhibited excellent corrosion resistance property which was mainly attributed to the presence of epoxy group and atomic fluorine in binder simultaneously.

  12. Characterization of steam generated anti-corrosive oxide films on Aluminium alloys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Din, Rameez Ud; Jellesen, Morten Stendahl; Ambat, Rajan

    2014-01-01

    Aluminium and its alloys are widely used in structural and transportation industry owing to their high strength to weight ratio. The surface of aluminium under normal conditions has a thin oxide film (2.5-10 nm) responsible for its inherent corrosion resistance. This oxide film can further...... of hexavalent chromium is strictly regulated due to its toxic nature and suspected carcinogenicity. So, it is highly imperative to develop other alternatives for chrome conversion coatings. Treatment of aluminium with natural water at elevated temperatures results in the formation of different forms...

  13. Research on anti-corrosion property of rare earth inhibitor for X70 steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Yanhua; ZHUANG Jia; YU Yongsheng; ZENG Xianguang

    2013-01-01

    Three kinds of rare earth nitrates were adopted to sodium molybdate to get three kinds of LnN-M compounded inhibitors (La(NO3)3+Na2MoO4(LaN-M),Ce(NO3)3+Na2MoO4(CeN-M),Pr(NO3)3+Na2MoO4(PrN-M)).The combination of weight-loss method and the electrochemical test,was used to evaluate and analyze the corrosion inhibition efficiency of these LnN-M inhibitors to make the research on their corrosion inhibition performance,and the sequential order of their performance was found as follows:CeN-M> LaN-M>PrN-M,among which,the inhibition efficiency of CeN-M for the X70 steel could reach 98.21%.The synergism parameters were calculated by weight-loss method,these computational data indicated that the synergistic effect between rare earth nitrates and sodium molybdate was obvious and significant.Surface morphology,chemical composition and phase components of the precipitation films were tested for discussing the mechanism of LnN-M inhibitors.The outer electronic configuration of the lanthanide was found to have an important influence on the inhibition efficiency.The CeN-M inhibitor was discovered to have the best inhibition effect with the amorphous cerium oxides.The results of this research revealed that the precipitation films formed on the surface of the steel samples had a crucial influence on the inhibition efficiencies after adding LnN-M inhibitors.

  14. Anti-corrosive Conversion Coating on Aluminium Alloys Using High Temperature Steam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Din, Rameez Ud; Jellesen, Morten Stendahl; Ambat, Rajan

    extensively. Despite the intense research no equivalent substitute for (CrCCs) has been found. For these reasons, alternative conversion coatings are sought for substituting existing ones. Aluminium alloys AA 1090, Peraluman 706, and AA 6060 were subjected to high pressure steam treatment and various......-SEM, XRD, and FTIR. Potentiodynamic polarization measurements and acid salt spray testing were used to study the corrosion behavior of the produced coatings. In average, thickness of the oxide layer formed was increased to ~1-1.5 µm with steam treatment and various chemistries, and the coverage...

  15. Antioxidant and anticorrosive properties of oil palm frond lignins extracted with different techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Hussin, M. Hazwan; Shah, Affaizza Mohd; Rahim, Afidah Abdul; Ibrahim, Mohamad Nasir Mohamad; Perrin, Dominique; Brosse, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    Context Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) fronds are produced as waste during the harvest of oil palm fruits. It mainly consists of cellulose, lignin, and hemicelluloses. Lignins like other polyphenols are potent free radical scavengers and are considered to be a valuable source of antioxidant phenolic compounds. AimsThe aim was to quantify the antioxidant properties of lignins extracted from oil palm biomass using Kraft, soda, and organosolv pulping. The potential of the extracted lignins a...

  16. Comparison of anti-corrosion properties of polyurethane based composite coatings with low infrared emissivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Yajun, E-mail: wangyajun609@163.com [College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); Xu Guoyue; Yu Huijuan; Hu Chen; Yan Xiaoxing; Guo Tengchao; Li Jiufen [College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China)

    2011-03-01

    Four polyurethane resins, pure polyurethane (PU), epoxy modified polyurethane (EPU), fluorinated polyurethane (FPU) and epoxy modified fluorinated polyurethane (EFPU), with similar polyurethane backbone structure but different grafting group were used as organic adhesive for preparing low infrared emissivity coatings with an extremely low emissivity near 0.10 at 8-14 {mu}m, respectively. By using these four resins, the effect of different resin matrics on the corrosion protection of the low infrared emissivity coatings was investigated in detail by using neutral salt spray test, SEM and FTIR. It was found that the emissivity of the coatings with different resin matrics changes significantly in corrosion media. And the results indicated that the coating using EFPU as organic adhesive exhibited excellent corrosion resistance property which was mainly attributed to the presence of epoxy group and atomic fluorine in binder simultaneously.

  17. Cathodic delamination of seawater-immersed anticorrosive coatings: Mapping of parameters affecting the rate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Per Aggerholm; Dam-Johansen, Kim; Weinell, C. E.;

    2010-01-01

    of cathodic delamination is inversely proportional to the magnitude of polarization potential when ions can penetrate the coating, while cathodic polarization does not affect cathodic delamination when the ionic transport is restricted to the coating-steel interface. Increasing the pigment loading or partial......-steel interface, where solid iron is oxidized to ferrous ions and oxygen is reduced to hydroxyl ions. In this work, the effects of various parameters on cathodic delamination have been investigated. The parameters are: permeability of the coating, concentration of dissolved oxygen and cations, polarization...

  18. Exposure Test on Two Surface Anticorrosion Technologies for Marine Concrete Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Haicheng; Xiong, Jianbo; Su, Quanke; Yan, Yu

    2014-01-01

    This paper is to study the effect of surface coating and silane hydrophobic agents for high performance concrete durability in a marine environment of tidal zone and splash zone by exposure test in JiaoZhou Bay. The results indicated that surface coating had good protection and coating quality after a 5-year period and the adhesive strength with concrete surface was more than 2.5 MPa. Surface coating can effectively improve chloride ion penetration resistance of concrete structures. The subst...

  19. Anti-corrosion Treatment of Steel Construction%钢结构的防腐处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许伟

    2011-01-01

    近几年钢结构建筑的发展异常迅猛。钢结构的广泛应用也暴露出一系列的缺点,较为严重的是钢结构的腐蚀。对钢结构防腐处理进行了综述。%The rapid development of steel construction anomalies in recent years.However,extensive use of steel has also revealed a number of weaknesses,but more serious is the corrosion of steel.Anti-corrosion Treatment for stell construction was reviewed.

  20. Polyester-Bentonite Clay Composite: Synthesis, Characterization and Application as Anticorrosive Agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subramanian Chitra

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available New polyester-bentonite clay composite was prepared and characterized by FTIR, TGA, SEM& XRD. The XRD and SEM studies are quite supportive of well dispersed polymer clay composite formation. The thermal stability of the polymer was significantly improved as indicated by TGA. The composite was evaluated for its inhibition performance for mild steel corrosion in 1M H2SO4 by weight loss, polarization and electrochemical impedance techniques. The studies reveal that the clay composite was an excellent adsorption type inhibitor and obeys Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Electrochemical studies showed that the polymer composite was a mixed inhibitor retarding both anodic metal dissolution and cathodic hydrogen evolution.

  1. Spectroscopic examinations, antimicrobial and anti-corrosive evaluations of polyurethanes synthesized from Thevetia peruviana seed oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. O. Siyanbola

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Seed oil based polyurethane resins were synthesized from underutilized plant seedlings of Thevetia peruviana (yellow oleanda. The seed oil was converted to partial glycerides (PG polyol using calcium oxide as catalyst. The polyol was treated with varying ratios of isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI in order to synthesize partial glyceride urethanes (PGU films. The PG intermediate and PGU products were characterized using FT-IR, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. Physico-chemical parameters like acid value, hydroxyl value, viscosity and refractive index were also examined. Corrosion stability of coated panels was studied in the salt spray chamber. Thermal stability and antimicrobial study of the films were also evaluated.

  2. Protective Coatings in the Power Boilers which are Used to Combust Waste – Surfacing Anticorrosive Layers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Słania J.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available General requirements and technological solutions of incinerating plants were presented. Heat processing of waste in fluidized and stoker-fired boilers were described. A problem of corrosion and the methods of preventing it in boilers used to combust waste were shown. Materials of increased resistance to corrosion used in power industry were characterised.

  3. Effect of alloy elements on the anti-corrosion properties of low alloy steel

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Baorong Hou; Yantao Li; Yanxu Li; Jinglei Zhang

    2000-06-01

    Effect of alloy elements on corrosion of low alloy steel was studied under simulated offshore conditions. The results showed that the elements Cu, P, Mo, W, V had evident effect on corrosion resistance in the atmosphere zone; Cu, P, V, Mo in the splash zone and Cr, Al, Mo in the submerged zone.

  4. Anticorrosive Activity of Kigelia pinnata Leaves Extract on Mild Steel in Acidic Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthukrishnan, P.; Saravana Kumar, K.; Jeyaprabha, B.; Prakash, P.

    2014-09-01

    The corrosion inhibition of mild steel in 1 M H2SO4 and 1 M HCl solution with different concentrations of Kigelia pinnata leaves extract (KPLE) was investigated using mass loss, Tafel polarization, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Inhibition efficiency of KPLE is found to increase with increasing concentration but to decrease with temperature. Polarization measurements reveal that KPLE acts as a mixed type inhibitor in both acids. Impedance curves show that increasing KPLE concentration increases charge transfer resistance and decreases double layer capacitance. The adsorption of KPLE on the mild steel surface obeys the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The experimental results reveal that KPLE inhibits the corrosion reaction in both acid environments, and inhibition efficiency follows the order H2SO4 > HCl. The kinetic and adsorption parameters for mild steel in acid in the presence and absence of KPLE were evaluated and discussed. The negative value of the standard free energy of adsorption in the presence of inhibitor suggests spontaneous adsorption of inhibitor on the mild steel surface. Protective film formation against corrosion was confirmed by ultraviolet-visible (UV-visible), X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy techniques.

  5. 可剥性气相防锈涂料在海洋环境中的防锈实验研究%Anticorrosion experiment of peelable volatile anticorrosion paint in marine environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志广; 黄红军; 张敏; 万红敬

    2006-01-01

    研制了一种可剥性气相防锈涂料,主要以乙烯基高分子树脂和环氧树脂为成膜物质,另还有复合型油溶性气相缓蚀剂、稳定剂、增韧剂、抗氧剂和混合有机溶剂等.该涂料能够在常温下快速成膜,所形成的涂层具有优良的柔韧性能、耐冲击强度、气相防锈性能和可大面积地进行剥离性能.针对4种不同的海洋环境进行了实际的防锈性能实验,结果表明该涂料短期内可以在海洋环境下对金属进行防锈.

  6. Effects of surface treatment of aluminium alloy 1050 on the adhesion and anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharifi Golru, S., E-mail: samanesharifi@aut.ac.ir [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Attar, M.M., E-mail: attar@aut.ac.ir [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ramezanzadeh, B. [Department of Surface Coating and Corrosion, Institute for Color Science and Technology, No. 59,Vafamanesh St, Hosainabad Sq, Lavizan, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-08-01

    Highlights: • Aluminium alloy 1050 was treated by zirconium-based (Zr) conversion coating. • The surface morphology and surface free energy of the samples were obtained. • The adhesion properties of the epoxy coating was studied on the treated samples. • The corrosion resistance of the epoxy coating was enhanced on treated samples. - Abstract: The objective of this work is to investigate the effects of zirconium-based (Zr) conversion coating on the adhesion properties and corrosion resistance of an epoxy/polyamide coating applied on the aluminium alloy 1050 (AA1050). Field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrum (EDS), atomic force microscope (AFM) and contact angle measuring device were employed in order to characterize the surface characteristics of the Zr treated AA1050 samples. The epoxy/polyamide coating was applied on the untreated and Zr treated samples. The epoxy coating adhesion to the aluminium substrate was evaluated by pull-off test before and after 30 days immersion in 3.5% w/w NaCl solution. In addition, the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and salt spray tests were employed to characterize the corrosion protection properties of the epoxy coating applied on the AA1050 samples. Results revealed that the surface treatment of AA1050 by zirconium conversion coating resulted in the increase of surface free energy and surface roughness. The dry and recovery (adhesion strength after 30 days immersion in the 3.5 wt% NaCl solution) adhesion strengths of the coatings applied on the Zr treated aluminium samples were greater than untreated sample. In addition, the adhesion loss of the coating applied on the Zr treated aluminium substrate was lower than other samples. Also, the results obtained from EIS and salt spray test clearly revealed that the Zr conversion coating could enhance the corrosion protective performance of the epoxy coating significantly.

  7. 镁合金防腐涂层的研究%Research on Anticorrosive Coating of Magnesium Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云露; 张士卫; 蔺绍玲

    2014-01-01

    To solve the corrosion of magnesium alloy in the engineering application,the paper imitated the working con-dition,made magnesium alloy parts,and prepared micro-arc oxidation layers and micro-arc oxidation electrophoresis layers on the parts.Salt spray tests and static load tests showed that micro-arc oxidation layers can protect magnesium alloy from corroding on the condition that micro-arc oxidation layer is unbroken,but on normal working condition,it is inevitable to keep micro-arc oxidation layers unbroken.Preparing organic coating on the micro-arc oxidation electrophoresis layers can not only protect micro-arc oxidation layer from destruction,but also can protect magnesium alloy from corroding.%为解决镁合金在工程应用过程中的腐蚀问题,按照工况条件制作了镁合金试验件,并在试验件上分别制备了微弧氧化电泳层和微弧氧化电泳有机涂层。通过试样的盐雾试验和静载试验,得出下述结论:微弧氧化电泳层在不被破坏的前提下,可以保护镁合金不受腐蚀;但在工况条件下,由于过盈配合等原因,不可避免地会破坏微弧电泳层,导致镁合金腐蚀。研究表明,在微弧氧化电泳层上制备有机涂层,既能有效保证微弧氧化电泳层不被破坏,又可在实际工况条件下保护镁合金不受腐蚀。

  8. Microstructure and Anticorrosion Property of AT13 Coatings Made by Combination of Nanoparticles Doping and Plasma Spraying Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Chun-fu; DAI Jia-lin; WANG Bin; ZHANG Ying; HE Tao-e; LUO Ping-ya

    2004-01-01

    Al2O3+13wt%TiO2 (AT13) particles were doped with 5%~30% nanoparticles and prefabricating powders were prepared by renewed granulation. AT13 coatings were prepared on the surface of steel 45# by air plasma spraying technique with the prefabricating powders. The microstructures of the AT13 prefabricating powders and the resulting coatings were investigated by SEM and EDS and XRD. The samples were undergone corrosion in the medium of 10% H2SO4 aqueous solution at temperature 80℃. The results indicate that the blistering time of coatings in the corrosive medium was increased with the increase of doped nanoparticle concentration while the time from blistering to spalling is independent of nanoparticle concentration. The results revealed that the structure of prefabricating powders was a twisted micrometer grade particle with dimension of 40-60μm, encapsulated by nanoparticles. The homogeneity of element distribution in coatings was improved and porosity was reduced. The phases of (Al2O3) 5.333 and orthorhombic Al2TiO5 were identified . The fracture analysis confirmed that there is a large amount of vermiculate whiskers with diameter of 10nm and length of 100~200 nm in coatings and the fracture type of coatings was the ductile trans-granular fracture.

  9. Multifunctional Zinc Borate-Based Anticorrosive Pigment%多功能硼酸锌防腐蚀颜料

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    David M.Schubert

    2004-01-01

    近年来,由于对铬酸盐安全性和其它防腐颜料潜在危害性的关注,推动了对用于涂料中安全、经济防腐颜料的研究。磷酸盐、亚磷酸盐、钼酸盐、硅酸盐和硼酸盐作为腐蚀的缓蚀剂不同程度地成功地应用在不同的领域中。硼酸锌是这些产品中的一个新成员,在防腐领域具有独特防腐性能和强有力的性价比。

  10. Anticorrosive effects and in vitro cytocompatibility of calcium silicate/zinc-doped hydroxyapatite composite coatings on titanium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yong; Zhang, Honglei; Qiao, Haixia; Nian, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Xuejiao; Wang, Wendong; Zhang, Xiaoyun; Chang, Xiaotong; Han, Shuguang; Pang, Xiaofeng

    2015-12-01

    This work elucidated the corrosion resistance and cytocompatibility of electroplated Zn- and Si-containing bioactive calcium silicate/zinc-doped hydroxyapatite (ZnHA/CS) ceramic coatings on commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti). The formation of ZnHA/CS coating was investigated through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray and inductively coupled plasma analyses. The XRD image showed that the reaction layer was mainly composed of HA and CaSiO3. The fabricated ZnHA/CS coatings presented a porous structure and appropriate thickness for possible applications in orthopaedic surgery. Potentiodynamic polarization tests showed that ZnHA/CS coatings exhibited higher corrosion resistance than CP-Ti. Dissolution tests on the coating also revealed that Si4+ and Zn2+ were leached at low levels. Moreover, MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on ZnHA/CS featured improved cell morphology, adhesion, spreading, proliferation and expression of alkaline phosphatase than those cultured on HA. The high cytocompatibility of ZnHA/CS could be mainly attributed to the combination of micro-porous surface effects and ion release (Zn2+ and Si4+). All these results indicate that ZnHA/CS composite-coated CP-Ti may be a potential material for orthopaedic applications.

  11. Anticorrosion Performance of Epoxy Coatings Containing Small Amount of Inherently Conducting PEDOT/PSS on Hull Steel in Seawater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian Hou; Guang Zhu; Jingkun Xu; Huajian Liu

    2013-01-01

    Corrosion protection of the hull steel by the conventional epoxy paint containing a small amount of commercial poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS),which is one of the most popular and successful inherently conducting polymers as the corrosion inhibitor was studied.The corrosion behavior of the samples was investigated in seawater by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and open circuit potential.Scanning electron microscopy was used to observe the surface morphology of the samples after corrosion.It was found that adding a small amount of PEDOT/PSS to the epoxy resin can significantly improve its corrosion protection.

  12. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and Potentiodynamic Polarization Analysis on Anticorrosive Activity of Thiophene-2-Carbaldehyde Derivative in Acid Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nimmy Kuriakose

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The corrosion inhibition efficiency of thiophene-2-carbaldehyde tryptophan (T2CTRY on mild steel (MS in 1 M HCl solution has been investigated and compared using weight loss measurements, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and potentiodynamic polarization analysis. The Schiff base exhibited very good corrosion inhibition on mild steel in HCl medium and the inhibition efficiency increased with the increase in concentration of the inhibitor. The adsorption of the inhibitor on the surface of the corroding metal obeys Freundlich isotherm. Thermodynamic parameters (Kads, ΔG ads0 were calculated using adsorption isotherm. Polarization studies revealed that T2CTRY acts as a mixed type inhibitor. A maximum of 96.2% inhibition efficiency was achieved by EIS studies at a concentration of 1 mM.

  13. Fabrication of superhydrophilic-underwater superoleophobic inorganic anti-corrosive membranes for high-efficiency oil/water separation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Luyan; Chen, Chen; Yang, Siyu; Xie, Hua; Gong, MaoGang; Xu, Xiaoliang

    2016-01-14

    The issue of oil/water separation has recently become a global concern due to the frequency of oil spills and the increase in industrial waste water. Thus, membrane-based materials with unique wettability are desired to separate both of these from a mixture. Nevertheless, the fabrication of energy efficient and stable membranes appropriate for the separation process remains challenging. Herein, synergistic superhydrophilic-underwater superoleophobic inorganic membranes were inventively created by a maneuverable galvanic displacement reaction on copper mesh. The "water-loving" meshes were then used to study gravity driven oil-water separation, where a separation efficiency (the ratio of the amount of oil remaining above the membrane after the separation process to the amount of oil in original mixture) of up to 97% was achieved for various oil-water mixtures, and furthermore the wetting properties and separating performances were maintained without further attenuation after exposure to corrosive environments. Notably, the "repelling-oil" mode can switch to a superhydrophobic mode which acts as a supplementary "oil slick absorbing" material floating above the water surface and has potential in tackling oil slick clean-up issues, in comparison to the former mode which possesses better "separation ability". In addition, the original "repelling-oil" state can be reinstated with ease. The novel method involving a "one-cyclic transformation course" abandons extra chemical addition. The facile and green route presented here acts as an excellent test for the fabrication of a dual-functioning membrane with potential use in efficient oil-water separation, even in harsh environments, and off-shore oil spill cleanup. PMID:26662477

  14. Corrosion behaviour of 316L stainless steel and anti-corrosion materials in a high acidified chloride solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, Z.H. [Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Energy-Saving in Heat Exchange Systems, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Colleges and Universities for Corrosion Control in Electric Power System and Applied Electrochemistry, 2103 Pingliang Road, Shanghai 200090 (China); Ge, H.H., E-mail: gehonghua@shiep.edu.cn [Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Energy-Saving in Heat Exchange Systems, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Colleges and Universities for Corrosion Control in Electric Power System and Applied Electrochemistry, 2103 Pingliang Road, Shanghai 200090 (China); Lin, W.W. [Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Energy-Saving in Heat Exchange Systems, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Colleges and Universities for Corrosion Control in Electric Power System and Applied Electrochemistry, 2103 Pingliang Road, Shanghai 200090 (China); Zong, Y.W.; Liu, S.J. [Power Plant of Baoshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd, Tieli Road, Shanghai 200941 (China); Shi, J.M. [Technical University of Braunschweig (Germany)

    2014-12-15

    Highlights: • Severe general corrosion accompanied by localized pitting occurred on 316L SS surface in a high acidified chloride solution. • Surface roughness, surface potential difference and the electrochemical non-homogeneity of 316L SS in the test solution were investigated. • TA2, type 2507 SS and type 254SMo SS exhibit good corrosion resistance in the test solution. - Abstract: The corrosion behaviour of a type 316L (UNS S31603) stainless steel (SS) expansion joint in a simulated leaching solution of sediment on blast furnace gas pipeline in a power plant is investigated by using dynamic potential polarization curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), optical microscope, atomic force microscope (AFM) and Scan Kelvin Probe (SKP). Severe general corrosion accompanied by pitting corrosion occurs on the type 316L SS surface in this solution. As the immersion period increases, the charge transfer resistance R{sub ct} decreases, the dissolution rate accelerates, the surface roughness increases and the surface potential difference enhances significantly. Then eight corrosion-resistant materials are tested, the corrosion rates of type 254SMo SS, type 2507 SS and TA2 are relatively minor in the solution. The corrosion resistance properties of TA2 is most excellent, indicating it would be the superior material choice for blast furnace gas pipeline.

  15. Excellent anti-corrosive pretreatment layer on iron substrate based on three-dimensional porous phytic acid/silane hybrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xiang; Lu, Ke; Xu, Lei; Xu, Hua; Lu, Haifeng; Gao, Feng; Hou, Shifeng; Ma, Houyi

    2016-01-21

    A novel, highly effective and environmentally friendly film-forming material, phytic acid (PA)/silane (denoted as PAS) hybrid with a three-dimensional (3D) network structure, was prepared through a condensation reaction of PA with methyltrihydroxysilane generated from the hydrolysis of methyltriethoxysilane (MTES). Two kinds of PAS-based pretreatment layers, namely NaBrO3-free and NaBrO3-doped PAS layers, were fabricated on iron substrates using the dip-coating method. SEM and AFM observations showed that the as-fabricated PAS-based layers possessed a 3D porous microstructure at the nanoscale and a rough surface morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) and attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopic characterization demonstrated that the above PAS layers bound to the iron surface via the -P-O- bond. Moreover, analyses of steady-state polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) data indicated that the corrosion rates of the iron substrates decreased considerably in the presence of the two PAS-based pretreatment layers. In particular, the NaBrO3-dosed PAS layer displayed the better corrosion resistance ability as well as maintaining the original microstructure and surface morphology. The PAS-based pretreatment layers are expected to act as substitutes for chromate and phosphate conversion layers and will find widespread application in the surface pretreatment of iron and steel materials due to the advantages of being environmentally friendly, the rapid film-forming process, and, especially, the nanoporous microstructure and rough surface morphology. PMID:26689810

  16. Development of Castor Oil Based Poly(urethane-esteramide)/TiO2 Nanocomposites as Anticorrosive and Antimicrobial Coatings

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammed Rafi Shaik; Manawwer Alam; Naser M. Alandis

    2015-01-01

    Castor oil based polyesteramide (CPEA) resin has been successfully synthesized by the condensation polymerization of N-N-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) castor oil fatty amide (HECA) with terephthalic acid and further modified with different percentages of 7, 9, 11, and 13 wt.% of toluene-2,4-diisocyanate (TDI) to obtain poly(urethane-esteramide) (UCPEA), via addition polymerization. TiO2 (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5 wt%) nanoparticles were dispersed in UCPEA resin. The structural elucidation of HECA, C...

  17. Excellent anti-corrosive pretreatment layer on iron substrate based on three-dimensional porous phytic acid/silane hybrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xiang; Lu, Ke; Xu, Lei; Xu, Hua; Lu, Haifeng; Gao, Feng; Hou, Shifeng; Ma, Houyi

    2016-01-01

    A novel, highly effective and environmentally friendly film-forming material, phytic acid (PA)/silane (denoted as PAS) hybrid with a three-dimensional (3D) network structure, was prepared through a condensation reaction of PA with methyltrihydroxysilane generated from the hydrolysis of methyltriethoxysilane (MTES). Two kinds of PAS-based pretreatment layers, namely NaBrO3-free and NaBrO3-doped PAS layers, were fabricated on iron substrates using the dip-coating method. SEM and AFM observations showed that the as-fabricated PAS-based layers possessed a 3D porous microstructure at the nanoscale and a rough surface morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) and attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopic characterization demonstrated that the above PAS layers bound to the iron surface via the -P-O- bond. Moreover, analyses of steady-state polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) data indicated that the corrosion rates of the iron substrates decreased considerably in the presence of the two PAS-based pretreatment layers. In particular, the NaBrO3-dosed PAS layer displayed the better corrosion resistance ability as well as maintaining the original microstructure and surface morphology. The PAS-based pretreatment layers are expected to act as substitutes for chromate and phosphate conversion layers and will find widespread application in the surface pretreatment of iron and steel materials due to the advantages of being environmentally friendly, the rapid film-forming process, and, especially, the nanoporous microstructure and rough surface morphology.A novel, highly effective and environmentally friendly film-forming material, phytic acid (PA)/silane (denoted as PAS) hybrid with a three-dimensional (3D) network structure, was prepared through a condensation reaction of PA with methyltrihydroxysilane generated from the hydrolysis of methyltriethoxysilane (MTES). Two kinds of PAS-based pretreatment layers, namely NaBrO3-free and NaBrO3-doped PAS layers, were fabricated on iron substrates using the dip-coating method. SEM and AFM observations showed that the as-fabricated PAS-based layers possessed a 3D porous microstructure at the nanoscale and a rough surface morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) and attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopic characterization demonstrated that the above PAS layers bound to the iron surface via the -P-O- bond. Moreover, analyses of steady-state polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) data indicated that the corrosion rates of the iron substrates decreased considerably in the presence of the two PAS-based pretreatment layers. In particular, the NaBrO3-dosed PAS layer displayed the better corrosion resistance ability as well as maintaining the original microstructure and surface morphology. The PAS-based pretreatment layers are expected to act as substitutes for chromate and phosphate conversion layers and will find widespread application in the surface pretreatment of iron and steel materials due to the advantages of being environmentally friendly, the rapid film-forming process, and, especially, the nanoporous microstructure and rough surface morphology. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Additional experimental data. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr07366a

  18. Optimal conditions for the deposition of novel anticorrosive coatings by RF magnetron sputtering for aluminum alloy AA6082

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Non-conventional technique for improving the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys. • Effect of the deposition parameters: power, substrate temperature and deposition time. • Changes in the crystallinity of the coatings are observed with the temperature. • The structure of these coatings is found to be dependent on the nature of the substrate. • La coatings can provide a better physical barrier to inhibit the corrosion attack. - Abstract: Cerium and lanthanum coatings were deposited on glass, silicon (1 0 0), and aluminum alloy by RF magnetron sputtering in which several experimental conditions such as power, substrate temperature, and deposition time were varied, using pure CeO2 and La2O3 targets. The effect of deposition parameters on the bonding structure, surface morphology and properties against corrosion of rare earth (RE) coatings formed on metallic substrate was reported. The microstructure and chemistry of the thin film were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS); whereas their use as corrosion resistant coatings was studied in aqueous NaCl solution (3.0 wt%) by using polarization curves. Variations in these properties were observed by increasing the substrate temperature which modifies the crystallinity of the rare earth coatings. XRD and XPS findings indicate that the cerium coatings are composed by CeO2 and a significant quantity of Ce2O3 due to oxygen deficiency in the sputtering chamber, whereas La2O3/La(OH)3 and some La intermetallic compounds are detected in the lanthanum films. Variations in the Ecorr and Icorr were found as a function of the thickness, texture, and morphology of the as-prepared coatings

  19. Optimal conditions for the deposition of novel anticorrosive coatings by RF magnetron sputtering for aluminum alloy AA6082

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brachetti-Sibaja, S.B. [Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Postgraduate Student of CICATA-Unidad Altamira (Mexico); Instituto Tecnológico de Cd. Madero, Cd. Madero, Tamaulipas (Mexico); Domínguez-Crespo, M.A., E-mail: mdominguezc@ipn.mx [CICATA-Altamira, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, IPN Km 14.5 Carretera Tampico-Puerto Industrial Altamira, C.P. 89600 Altamira, Tamaulipas (Mexico); Rodil, S.E. [Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, IIM, D.F. (Mexico); Torres-Huerta, A.M. [CICATA-Altamira, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, IPN Km 14.5 Carretera Tampico-Puerto Industrial Altamira, C.P. 89600 Altamira, Tamaulipas (Mexico)

    2014-12-05

    Highlights: • Non-conventional technique for improving the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys. • Effect of the deposition parameters: power, substrate temperature and deposition time. • Changes in the crystallinity of the coatings are observed with the temperature. • The structure of these coatings is found to be dependent on the nature of the substrate. • La coatings can provide a better physical barrier to inhibit the corrosion attack. - Abstract: Cerium and lanthanum coatings were deposited on glass, silicon (1 0 0), and aluminum alloy by RF magnetron sputtering in which several experimental conditions such as power, substrate temperature, and deposition time were varied, using pure CeO{sub 2} and La{sub 2}O{sub 3} targets. The effect of deposition parameters on the bonding structure, surface morphology and properties against corrosion of rare earth (RE) coatings formed on metallic substrate was reported. The microstructure and chemistry of the thin film were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS); whereas their use as corrosion resistant coatings was studied in aqueous NaCl solution (3.0 wt%) by using polarization curves. Variations in these properties were observed by increasing the substrate temperature which modifies the crystallinity of the rare earth coatings. XRD and XPS findings indicate that the cerium coatings are composed by CeO{sub 2} and a significant quantity of Ce{sub 2}O{sub 3} due to oxygen deficiency in the sputtering chamber, whereas La{sub 2}O{sub 3}/La(OH){sub 3} and some La intermetallic compounds are detected in the lanthanum films. Variations in the E{sub corr} and I{sub corr} were found as a function of the thickness, texture, and morphology of the as-prepared coatings.

  20. Understanding the effect of nanoporosity on optimizing the performance of self-healing materials for anti-corrosion applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sellaiyan, S [Centres for Antimatter-Matter Studies (CAMS), Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) and Australian National University (Australia); Smith, S.V. [Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies (CAMS), Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) (Australia); Hughes, A E [CSIRO Future Manufacturing Flagship, Clayton South MDC 3169 (Australia); Miller, A [CSIRO Mathematical and Information Sciences, Glen Osmond, SA 5064 (Australia); Jenkins, D R [CSIRO Mathematical and Information Sciences, North Ryde NSW 1670 (Australia); Uedono, A, E-mail: svs@ansto.gov.au [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan)

    2011-01-01

    The chromate-based epoxy primer film was prepared on glass and metal surfaces using various graded doctor blades. The quality and consistency of the films was assessed using scanning electron microscopy and the porosity within the film characterized by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. The positron lifetime ({tau}) distribution for the epoxy polymer matrix was resolved using the CONTIN program. The free volume was found from the ortho-positronium component. The optimum thickness for the films was established for future structure/activity studies.

  1. Application of MFE vinylester resin on anti-corrosion field%MFE乙烯基酯树脂在防腐蚀领域的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周润培; 侯锐钢; 王晓东; 雷浩; 刘坐镇

    2004-01-01

    本文主要介绍了MFE乙烯基酯树脂在化工、电子、钢铁、有色金属及轻工造纸等行业防腐方面的应用,并列举了许多华东理工大学华昌聚合物有限公司生产的MFE乙烯基酯树脂的应用实例.

  2. 抗硫球阀密封结构选材研究%Selection Research for Seat Sealing of Anti-Corrosion Ball Valve

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张潇; 邓雄; 梁政; 王飞

    2012-01-01

    近年来,随着我国天然气工业的迅猛发展,涌现了一大批亟待开发的高含H2S气田.开展高含硫气田开发中的抗硫球阀密封结构的研究,解决目前抗硫球阀应用中,经常出现密封面腐蚀、泄露等问题,对确保高含硫气田开发地面系统的安全和平稳供气具有重要意义.以阀座密封面为研究对象,运用Pro/E对阀门密封件建模,并无缝连接到ANSYS中进行接触分析,分析不同阀座结构及材料的密封性能.研究结果显示:在材料屈服极限内,普通夹层阀座具有最大的连续接触压力,设计比压误差最小,为最优选型.%In recent years, with rapid development of China's natural gas industry,a large number of untapped high H2S gas field has sprung up.A nd it has great significance for ground system safety and stable supply and solving the problems of sealing surface corrosion, leaks and other issues of the ball valve in hydrogen sulfide environments.The research takes contact surface of valve seat as the research object, and analyzes the sealing performance among structures and mate rials.Using Pro/E to model the valve seal and seamlessly connect to ANSYS^br contacting analysis.Within the material yield limit,the results of the study show that the ordinary sandwich valve seat with the maximum continuous contact pressure and the minimum error under the designed specific pressure is the optimization model.

  3. Action mechanism of antioxidation and anticorrosion and molecular design for perfluoropolyether fluid additives (I) --Action mechanism of additive and property of donating-accepting electron

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Daxi

    2001-01-01

    Chitosans with various degrees of deacetylation (D.D.), which were used as standard sample for FTIR determination, were prepared from completely deacetylated chitosan by homogeneous N-acetylation reaction. By combining four probable probe bands, i.e. 1655, 1560, 1380 and 1320 cm-1, eight probable reference bands, i.e. 3430, 2920, 2880, 1425, 1155, 1070, 1030 and 895 cm-1 and two baseline methods, the most suitable ratios Aprobe band/Areference band from IR spectra to determine the degree of acetylation of chitosan were evaluated from 48 combinations to be A1560/A2880, A1560/A2920 and A1655/A3430(A1560/A2880 is mostly recommended). The second baseline method, i.e. linking between adjacent two valleys, was better for measuring the absorbances of 1560 and 1655 cm-1 bands. The determination range of the D.D. (1%-100%) covered almost the whole range. The standard curves with A1560/A2880 and A1655/A3430 were also suitable for the determination of degree of substitution of other N-acylated chitosan, such as N-propionyl chitosan, N-butyryl chitosan and N-hexanoyl chitosan.

  4. In-situ preparation, characterization and anticorrosion property of polypropylene glycol/silver nanoparticles composite for mild steel corrosion in acid solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Moses M; Umoren, Saviour A

    2016-01-15

    A novel polypropylene glycol/silver nanoparticles (PPG/AgNPs) composite was prepared in-situ using natural honey as the reducing and capping agent. Characterization of the composite was done by UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR, TEM, XRD, and EDS. The TEM results reveal that the nanoparticles are spherical in shape. XRD and EDS results confirm the presence of elemental silver in the polymer matrix. The influence of the prepared composite on the corrosion inhibition of mild steel in 0.5M H2SO4 solution was studied by weight loss, electrochemical, SEM, EDS, and water contact angle measurements. Results show that PPG/AgNPs is effective inhibitor for mild steel in 0.5M H2SO4 solution and adsorbs onto the metal surface via chemisorption mechanism. Maximum inhibition efficiency of 94% is afforded by the highest studied concentration of PPG/AgNPs at 333K from weight loss measurements. Potentiodynamic polarization results reveal that the composite acts as a mixed-type corrosion inhibitor. Adsorption of PPG/AgNPs composite onto the mild steel surface follows Temkin adsorption isotherm. The SEM, EDS, and water contact angle images confirm the formation of PPG/AgNPs protective film on the mild steel surface. PMID:26433475

  5. Anticorrosion properties of enamels with high B2O3-P2O5-AlPO4 content in molten aluminum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周鸣; 李克; 孙宝德; 疏达; 王俊

    2002-01-01

    The new enamels with high H3BO3-(NH4)2 HPO4-AlPO4 content were studied, and the melting temperature of the enamels was adjusted by adding carbonate of alkali metal and alkaline earth metal. The enamels could spread slightly in the molten Al alloy observed by SEM and experiment. The components of the enamels were not detected with electron probe (EDAX-S-520) on the interface of Al alloy, but elemental Si of aluminum alloy was found in the silica-free enamels. Moreover, the components of the boron-free enamels were detected on the interface of Al alloy. The results show that the enamels with high B2O3-P2O5-AlPO4 content are resistant to the corrosion of molten Al.

  6. 防腐过程中钢管管端复合坡口的保护%The Compound Bevel of Steel Pipe Protection in Anticorrosive Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱青; 鲍新愿; 魏东锋

    2011-01-01

    针对管端单坡口形式在高钢级、大直径、大壁厚管道施工过程中容易造成钢管对接焊缝产生缺陷的问题,提出了管端复合坡口形式,指出了复合坡口形式在管道施工中能够有效解决大壁厚钢管现场对接施工中出现的夹渣、未焊透等缺陷.总结了管端复合坡口钢管在防腐生产中可能受到损伤的原因,并针对这些不利因素提出了相应的防治措施.%The single-bevel type on pipe end will easily cause defects in steel pipe with high grade, large diameter and heavy wall thickness butt-welding during pipeline construction, so the compound bevel was put forward. It pointed out that compound bevel can effectively solve some defects, such as slag, lack of penetration and so or It summarized the reasons of damaged compound bevel, with regard to these negative factors, proposed corresponding preventive measures.

  7. Graphene grown on stainless steel as a high-performance and ecofriendly anti-corrosion coating for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell bipolar plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pu, Nen-Wen; Shi, Gia-Nan; Liu, Yih-Ming; Sun, Xueliang; Chang, Jeng-Kuei; Sun, Chia-Liang; Ger, Ming-Der; Chen, Chun-Yu; Wang, Po-Chiang; Peng, You-Yu; Wu, Chia-Hung; Lawes, Stephen

    2015-05-01

    In this study, the growth of graphene by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on SUS304 stainless steel and on a catalyzing Ni/SUS304 double-layered structure was investigated. The results indicated that a thin and multilayered graphene film can be continuously grown across the metal grain boundaries of the Ni/SUS304 stainless steel and significantly enhance its corrosion resistance. A 3.5 wt% saline polarization test demonstrated that the corrosion currents in graphene-covered SUS304 were improved fivefold relative to the corrosion currents in non-graphene-covered SUS304. In addition to enhancing the corrosion resistance of stainless steel, a graphene coating also ameliorates another shortcoming of stainless steel in a corrosive environment: the formation of a passive oxidation layer on the stainless steel surface that decreases conductivity. After a corrosion test, the graphene-covered stainless steel continued to exhibit not only an excellent low interfacial contact resistance (ICR) of 36 mΩ cm2 but also outstanding drainage characteristics. The above results suggest that an extremely thin, lightweight protective coating of graphene on stainless steel can act as the next-generation bipolar plates of fuel cells.

  8. Development of Light Waterborne Epoxy Antistatic Anticorrosive Coatings%浅色水性环氧导静电防腐涂料的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成楼; 隗功祥

    2011-01-01

    研制的水性环氧导静电防腐涂料为双组分涂料,甲组分由水性胺加成物固化剂、导电填料、防锈颜填料及助剂组成;乙组分由环氧树脂E51或OER-95、活性稀释剂、掺杂聚苯胺及偶联剂组成,按环氧/胺当量比为1.1∶1配漆,涂层具有优异的导静电性和防腐蚀性能.

  9. Avaliação do potencial anticorrosivo de tiossemicarbazonas solubilizadas em microemulsão Evaluation of anticorrosive effectiveness of thiosemicarbazones solubilized in a microemulsion system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Cristina M. de Moura

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, thiosemicarbazones 4-N-cinnamoyl-thiosemicarbazone (CTSC, 4-N-(2'-methoxycinnamoyl-thiosemicarbazone (MCTSC, and 4-N-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxybenzoyl- thiosemicarbazone (HMBTSC were solubilized in an oil-in-water (O/W microemulsion system (ME_OCS, forming systems CTSC_ME_OCS, MCTSC_ME_OCS and HMBTSC_ME_OCS. The effectiveness of these systems in the process of inhibiting AISI 1020 carbon steel corrosion was evaluated in a saline solution (NaCl 0.5%, using a galvanostatic method. The tested thiosemicarbazones showed higher inhibitory effects (85.7% for CTSC_ME_OCS, 84.0% for MCTSC_ME_OCS, and 83.3% for HMBTSC_ME_OCS. The surfactant OCS (dissolved in H2O and the ME_OCS system showed lower efficacies, with 71.0% for OCS and 74.0% for ME_OCS system.

  10. Application of Spray Polyurea in Super Heavy-Duty Anticorrosion%喷涂聚脲超重防腐涂层的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宝柱; 黄微波; 陈酒姜; 刘培礼; 刘东晖

    2004-01-01

    阐述了喷涂聚脲技术的特点、施工优势,并简要介绍了其施工工艺和聚脲超重防腐涂料涂层在化工防腐、储罐围堰、埋地管道、跨海大桥等领域的应用.应用实例表明,喷涂聚脲超重防腐涂料涂层技术确实是一种性能卓越、无与伦比的施工技术,应用前景十分广阔.

  11. Anti-corrosion Design for Gravity Caisson Structures%重力式沉箱结构防腐设计的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董华钢

    2007-01-01

    介绍重力式沉箱结构防腐设计的思路,并结合施工具体情况提出采用低强度高性能混凝土并结合透水模板及海工防腐涂料的防腐措施,在经济、合理的前提下提高重力式码头结构耐久性.

  12. Anti-corrosion Design and Control of Aircraft Radar Cover%飞机雷达罩防腐蚀设计和控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐京祥; 吉选

    2015-01-01

    Aircraft radar cover as part of the aircraft structure, it should meet outside the erosion of a variety of environments, and its structure should not appear corrosion phenomena to ensure flight safety. The paper analyzes the material of aircraft radar cover and the common types of corrosion of structure according to the specific structure form and composition of aircraft radar cover, explores the corrosion mechanism of various types, and proposes the corrosion control design method of aircraft radar cover by combining with the protection and control measures of different materials and typical structure, to provide certain reference value for the structure design of aircraft radar cover.%飞机雷达罩作为飞机结构的一部分,应该满足外界各种环境侵蚀,结构上不应该出现腐蚀现象,以确保飞行安全,本文主要根据雷达罩具体结构形式和结构组成,分析了飞机雷达罩材料和结构上常见的腐蚀类型,通过对各种类型的腐蚀机理进行分析,结合不同材料和典型结构的防护和控制措施,提出飞机雷达罩腐蚀控制设计方法,对飞机雷达罩的结构设计提供一定的参考意义。

  13. The history and future of thermal sprayed galvanically active metallic anticorrosion coatings used on pipelines and steel structures in the oil and gas industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodijnen, Fred van [Sulzer Metco, Duisburg (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    Since its invention by M. U. Schoop in the beginning of the 20th century, thermal spray has been used for corrosion protection applications in naval, on-shore, submerged and atmospheric environments. Thermally sprayed coatings of zinc, zinc alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys are currently the most popular materials used for active corrosion protection of steel and concrete, which can be applied using either of the widely known thermal spray processes of combustion wire or electric arc wire. In the oil and gas exploration and production industry, corrosion protection applications using these technologies have evolved since the early sixties. Thermal spray technology has successfully been used to protect steel-based materials from corrosion in many different fields of application like platforms and pipelines. The most used material in the oil and gas industry is TSA (Thermally Sprayed Aluminum) coating. TSA coatings, with a lifetime of 25 to 30 years, require no maintenance except for cosmetic reasons when painted. The surface temperature of a TSA can go as high as 480 deg C. Although TS (Thermal Spray) is an older process, the number of applications and the number of m{sup 2} it is applied to is still increasing resulting from its maintenance-free and reliable active corrosion-protection features. (author)

  14. The Anti-Corrosion Coating for the Port Machinery%港口机械设备的防腐蚀涂装

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂枫; 王小春

    2010-01-01

    防腐蚀是港口机械长期使用中的重要课题.介绍了目前通用的港口机械的涂料的品种,应用于海洋重防腐环境下的港口机械涂层体系的设计方案.全面讲解了通用的港口机械涂装的施工步骤和施工方法.

  15. Advanced anticorrosive coatings prepared from electroactive polyimide/graphene nanocomposites with synergistic effects of redox catalytic capability and gas barrier properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Yeh

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, electroactive polyimide (EPI/graphene nanocomposite (EPGN coatings were prepared by thermal imidization and then characterized by Fourier transformation infrared (FTIR and transmission electron microscope (TEM. The redox behavior of the as-prepared EPGN materials was identified by in situ monitoring for cyclic voltammetry (CV studies. Demonstrating that EPGN coatings provided advanced corrosion protection of cold-rolled steel (CRS electrodes as compared to that of neat EPI coating. The superior corrosion protection of EPGN coatings over EPI coatings on CRS electrodes could be explained by the following two reasons. First, the redox catalytic capabilities of amino-capped aniline trimer (ACAT units existing in the EPGN may induce the formation of passive metal oxide layers on the CRS electrode, as indicated by scanning electron microscope (SEM and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA studies. Moreover, the well-dispersed carboxyl-graphene nanosheets embedded in the EPGN matrix hinder gas migration exponentially. This would explain enhanced oxygen barrier properties of EPGN, as indicated by gas permeability analysis (GPA studies.

  16. Sol–gel composite coatings as anti-corrosion barrier for structural materials of lead–bismuth eutectic cooled fast reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kasada, Ryuta, E-mail: r-kasada@iae.kyoto-u.ac.jp; Dou, Peng, E-mail: pengdou11@gmail.com

    2013-09-15

    In order to protect the structural components of lead–bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled fast breeder reactors (FBRs) from liquid metal corrosion, advanced aluminum–yttrium nano- and micro-composite coatings were developed using an improved sol–gel process, which includes dipping specimens in a Y-added sol–gel solution dispersed with ultrafine α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders prepared by mechanical milling. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and field emission electron probe microprobe analyzer (FE-EPMA) analyses revealed that the coatings are composed of alumina with high density. Accelerated corrosion tests were conducted on coated specimens in liquid LBE at 650 °C under dynamic conditions. After the corrosion tests, no cracking, spallation, erosion and liquid metal (e.g., lead) penetration occurred to the coatings, indicating that the coatings possess an enhanced dynamic LBE corrosion resistance. The superior LBE corrosion resistance is due to the presence of the nano-structured composite particles integrated into the coatings and the addition of trace amount of yttrium.

  17. 冷却塔防腐涂层失效评价方法%Evaluation method for anticorrosion coating failure of cooling towers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀丽; 王应高; 郝承磊; 李永立; 高克玮

    2013-01-01

    在循环水和除盐水中进行了冷却塔酚醛环氧涂层和环氧煤焦沥青涂层试块的热水加速老化试验,测量了涂层试块在老化过程中的吸水率并观察了其形貌变化.通过分析涂层试块吸水率随吸水时间和老化时间的变化规律,研究了循环水冷却塔防腐涂层使用寿命的评价方法.发现根据冷却塔涂层试块老化过程中的吸水率-老化时间曲线拐点可推算出涂层在试验温度下的使用寿命,然后再根据范特霍夫(Vant Hoff)规则可推算出涂层在实际运行工况下的使用寿命.

  18. 氯碱装置中塑料设备的耐腐蚀性能%Anticorrosive property of plastic equipment in chlor-alkli plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李向欣; 孙立; 那桂兰

    2004-01-01

    对塑料设备在氯碱装置中的耐腐蚀特性及实际应用中的防腐效果进行了分析,并介绍了塑料设备的腐蚀检查内容及检修频率,为氯碱装置的建设和生产中塑料设备的选材及腐蚀防护提供参考.

  19. Development of a Peelable Volatile Anticorrosion Paint%一种可剥性气相防锈涂料的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志广; 黄红军; 张敏; 万红敬

    2006-01-01

    一般的可剥性涂料成膜后所形成的涂层较脆,不能够大面积剥离,在金属防锈方面比较差,更不具有对金属气相防锈的功能.研制了一种能在常温下快速成膜的可剥性气相防锈涂料,所形成的涂层具有优良的柔韧性和耐冲击强度,能够大面积地进行剥离.提出了涂料的最佳配方为:乙烯基高分子树脂100.0 g,复合型油溶性气相缓蚀剂13.3 g,环氧树脂6101 10.0 g,增韧剂(邻苯二甲酸二丁酯)25 mL,稳定剂(二月桂酸二丁基锡)0.5 g,抗氧剂B215 0.5 g,润滑油2 mL,混合溶剂700 mL.结果表明,这种涂料对金属具有一定的防锈性能和浸泡性能,喷涂于金属表面可有效地提高金属产品的防锈性能.

  20. Application of Cardanol Epoxy Hardener in Anti-Corrosion Coatings for Locomotive Car%腰果油环氧固化剂在铁道车辆防腐涂料中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾凡辉; 黎明; 姜其斌; 王永晶

    2008-01-01

    以腰果油改性的酚醛胺环氧同化剂固化环氧防腐涂料,制得了具有优异低温干燥性能和防腐功能的新型铁路车辆防腐涂料.研究了腰果油环氧固化剂对环氧防腐涂料的低温干燥性能和耐盐雾腐蚀性能的影响,并通过DSC和Fr-IR测试对涂料性能进行了表征.结果表明当选用某腰果油环氧固化剂时,和某聚酰胺环氧固化剂相比,在5℃的低温下,防腐涂料环氧基团的开环率由28%提高到84%,涂膜的玻璃化转变温度由60.67℃提高到72.09℃.耐盐雾腐蚀达720 h.

  1. Excellent Anticorrosion Performance of New Epoxy Curing Agent-cardanol Modified Amide%防腐性能优异的新型环氧树脂固化剂——腰果酚改性聚酰胺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴志晟; 郭铭

    2011-01-01

    分析了环氧树脂涂料用固化剂的现状,指出了其存在的问题.在此基础上开发了一种新型的腰果酚改性酰胺树脂,从而解决了聚酰胺树脂低温无法固化和改性胺树脂的柔韧性差、易黄变等问题,是一种具有优异防腐性能、能四季常温固化的高性能环氧树脂固化剂.

  2. The allicin sterilization and its maintains freshness the applied research progress in food anticorrosion%大蒜素的杀菌及其在食品中的防腐保鲜应用研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏凤贤; 张宝善

    2006-01-01

    大蒜(Allium sativum L)具有很高的食疗保健价值,备受人们的青睐.大蒜素是大蒜的主要功能成分,研究证明,大蒜素对多种细菌、真菌、病毒均具有杀灭和抑制作用,被称为"天然广谱植物杀菌素".本文阐述了大蒜素的形成、特性、杀菌机理及其在食品保鲜防腐中的主要应用研究进展.

  3. 闭孔珍珠岩在热反射隔热重防腐涂料中的应用%Application of Closed Cell Perlite in Reflective Thermo-Insulation Heavy-Duty Anticorrosive Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施铭德; 刘思平; 梁基码

    2013-01-01

    根据热反射隔热原理,本配套体系采用底漆防锈防腐,中间漆隔热与热储存,面漆具有较高的反射率和持久装饰的特性,通过与膨胀珍珠岩、玻化微珠的隔热性能比较,结果表明:采用闭孔珍珠岩制得的隔热中间漆,由于其具有较低的导热系数和优异的综合性能,隔热性能和屏蔽效果较好,在石油石化防腐领域具有广泛的应用前景.

  4. Developing of Anticorrosion and Anti-Wear Composite Coating by Nickel-Aluminum Intermetallic Compound%耐磨耐蚀Ni-Al金属间化合物基复合保护层的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    索进平; 冯涤; 骆合力; 崔崑; 钱晓良; 孙尧卿

    2002-01-01

    用粉末冶金法制备WC/Ni3Al复合材料焊条,堆焊于1Cr25Ni20耐热钢的表面,获得的复合材料的耐磨粒磨损性能是45钢的3倍以上,耐硫化腐蚀性高于1Cr25Ni20耐热钢1倍,高于钴基合金Stellite 6约50%.用其制作火电厂燃烧室的喷口钝体,使用寿命较原8Cr26Ni4Mn3大幅度提高,可达到8个月以上.

  5. 基于改进MVC的石化装置防腐综合管理系统%Petrochemical equipment anti-corrosion management system based on improved MVC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟鸣; 陈晓龙

    2014-01-01

    石化企业中的炼化装置结构复杂,影响因素众多,设备腐蚀程度难以控制。为保证企业的生产安全,必须对石化企业在生产和检修中积累的数据记录进行信息化管理,并在此基础上建立数学模型,对炼化装置的腐蚀程度进行预测。%Petrochemical equipment of petrochemical enterprise is complicated, affected element is very much; it is difficult to control the corrosion degree of device. To ensure product safety, it is necessary to manage the product data and inspection data of petrochemical enterprise with computer information management system, and building the mathematical model, to predict the corrosion degree of Petrochemical equipment.

  6. New Thiosemicarbazone and Talinum triangulare Vegetal Extract Formulations with Potential Anti-corrosion Activity [Novas Formulações de Tiossemicarbazonas e Extrato Vegetal de Talinum triangulare com Potencial Atividade Anticorrosão

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana A . de Albuquerque; Carla M . Goulart; Ana Paula de O . Amorim; Márcia Cristina C . de Oliveira; Aurea Echevarria

    2013-01-01

    Corrosion is a process arising out of a chemical action of the environment on a particular material, causing its deterioration. It may occur in metals, concrete, organic polymers, and others. A promising alternative to prevent corrosion is the use of organic inhibitors. The search for new agents or formulations that enable the diminishing of corrosion effects is evidently necessary; therefore, this work evaluated 3 new formulations which contained thiosemicarbazones 4-hydroxy,3-methoxybenzald...

  7. Synthesis and Performance Testing of Zinc Borate Anti-corrosion Materials%防腐材料硼酸锌的合成研究及性能测试

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉星; 安燕; 贾贞贞; 杨雪艳

    2013-01-01

    研究了氧化锌-硼酸法合成2335型硼酸锌过程中锌硼物料比、液固比、反应温度、反应时间对产物组成的影响.通过实验,优化得出硼酸锌的最佳合成工艺参数:nZnO:nH3 BO3为1∶4.3,固液比1∶3,反应温度85℃,反应时间8h.通过化学分析如滴定法和X射线衍射法分析硼酸锌样品,并对合成产物进行了生物实验的研究,初步证实2335型硼酸锌对白腐菌有一定的抑制生长的作用.

  8. 一种新型的铝合金燃油箱阳极氧化防腐技术%A Novel Anodic Oxidation Anticorrosive Technology of Aluminous Tank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峰; 罗鲲翔; 庞美玲; 张煜; 周丽; 王庆国

    2012-01-01

    通过试验找到了一种可行的铝合金燃油箱铝油箱的防腐处理措施,即采取阳极氧化膜防腐处理措施。同时通过滴碱试验、盐雾试验得出,牌号为3003和5052铝合金燃油箱在没有阳极氧化前内腐蚀能力相差甚远,阳极氧化处理后牌号为3003的铝合金油箱的防腐能力大大提高,达到和牌号为5052一样的程度,可以替代牌号为5052的铝燃油箱。%Determination Method of 11 C,S,Si,Mn,P, Cr, V, Mo and W in the Twist Drill by Direct-Reading Spectrography was proposed. Influential factors, including selecting electrode distance, method of sample preparation and analytical conditions, were discussed. Under the optimized experimental condition, values ofRSD's (n= 11 )of the nine elements found were less than 5%.The proposed method was applied to analysis of sample of Twist Drill, and the results obtained were in conformity with those by ICP-AES.

  9. In-situ formation characteristic, tribological characterization and anti-corrosion properties of quaternary composites films%四元复合薄膜的形成特征、摩擦特性和耐腐蚀性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ojo Sunday Isaac FAYOMI

    2014-01-01

    在工程应用中增强材料的腐蚀磨损性能是至关重要的。采用电沉积技术,研究从氯化物槽池中得到的Zn-Al-SnO2-TiO2(Zn-Al-Sn-Ti)复合薄膜的结构、电氧化性能。采用扫描电子显微镜联合能谱仪、光学显微镜和 X 射线衍射,研究薄膜的微观结构。采用动电位极化技术,研究在3.65%NaCl 溶液中薄膜的电化学氧化和腐蚀行为,并采用原子力显微镜对其进行表征。采用高钻石硬扫描显微硬度测试仪和C E RT往复滑动仪,研究电沉积薄膜的硬度和磨损行为。结构发现,成功获得了共沉积的复合材料和粒子,并得到了均匀、精细的嵌入颗粒结构以及改善的微观力学性能。所制备的四元薄膜的耐腐蚀性、硬度和稳定的耐磨性得到显著提高。%Improvements of wear and corrosion properties are essential characteristic in engineering application. A study was made on the structure, electro-oxidation and properties of fabricated Zn-Al-SnO2-TiO2 (Zn-Al-Sn-Ti) thin films using electrodeposition technique from chloride bath. The microstructural studies were performed by scanning electron microscopy with attached energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM-EDS), optical microscopy (OPM) and X-ray diffractogram (XRD). The electrochemical oxidation and erosion behavior in 3.65% NaCl medium were studied by potentiodynamic polarization technique and characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The hardness and wear behavior of the electrodeposited film were performed by high diamond dura scan microhardness tester and CERT UMT-2 reciprocating sliding machine. It was found that a successful co-deposition of composite and particle were attained. Homogeneous imbedded grain structure distribution and fine refinement of crystal with improved micromechanical behavior was achieved. The corrosion resistance, hardness and wear stability resistance of the fabricated quaternary films improved significantly in all varied process parameter.

  10. Study on the Anti-corrosion Effect of Medicinal Plant Compound in Sweet Pepper Storage%药用植物复配液在甜椒贮藏保鲜中的防腐效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴梦颖; 焦镭

    2012-01-01

    选择3组药用植物复配液(丁香、厚朴、苦参复配液,紫丹参、厚朴、苦参复配液和厚朴、苦参、迷迭香复配液)对甜椒进行涂被保鲜试验.结果表明:3组药用植物复配液对甜椒的贮藏保鲜均具有良好效果.其中厚朴、苦参、迷迭香复配液在甜椒贮藏中防腐保鲜效果为最佳.

  11. Initial discussion on the construction of heavy anti-corrosion vinyl epoxy floor%浅谈重防腐乙烯基环氧树脂地坪的施工

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚光荣; 刘玉宝

    2011-01-01

    通过对旺旺集团食品加工车间地坪的施工,阐述了重防腐乙烯基环氧树脂地坪的施工工艺,并根据相关行业标准,提出了质量、安全、环保方面的控制措施,取得了良好的施工效果.

  12. Oxidation Resistance and Anti-Corrosion of Si3N4/SiC(n) Nanoceramic Composite Materials%氮化硅纳米复合陶瓷的抗氧化性与耐蚀性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏建武; 张晨曙; 李卫超; 袁永瑞

    2003-01-01

    采用极性分散剂和超声分散技术,在氮化硅微米粉中加入碳化硅纳米粉真空热压制备出氮化硅/碳化硅(n)纳米复合陶瓷,研究了纳米增强相对纳米复合陶瓷抗氧化性与耐蚀性的影响.结果表明:随着SiC纳米粉的含量的增加,纳米复合陶瓷在空气中加热时抗氧化性增强,其中含15%SiC纳米粉的纳米复合陶瓷抗氧化性最好;纳米复合陶瓷的耐碱性也非常好,适于在酸、碱性环境中使用.

  13. Recovery of the external anticorrosion protection systems of onshore pipelines - evaluation methods and practical results; Recuperacao de sistemas de protecao anticorrosiva externa de dutos terrestres - metodos de avaliacao e resultados praticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castinheiras, Wilson; Koebsch, Andre; Silva, Flavio A. da [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2003-07-01

    The rehabilitation of an old pipeline means to increase its lifetime, making it safety to operate in the necessaries conditions to transport the product. The pipe steel wall evaluation, related to it thickness reduction, due to, basically, internal and external corrosion, is fundamental to guide its rehabilitation. The techniques used to this evaluation are 'pig' and specials field survey. These last surveys are realized over the soil surface (digs is not necessary to access the pipeline or the pipeline operation is not necessary to stop) and objective to verify the pipeline coating and Cathodic Protection System conditions. Due to the actual authors experience, this paper will only treat of the Rehabilitation of the External Anti corrosive Protection System (coating and cathodic protection) of onshore pipelines. This paper present the techniques current attenuation, ON-OFF pipe-to-soil potential close interval survey and DCVG and same practical results obtained with the application of these techniques on the Sergipe/Bahia gas pipeline. (author)

  14. 水工金属结构高压水砂除锈防腐涂装技术研究%Study on high pressure hydraulic sandblasting derusting and anti-corrosive coating technology for hydraulic steel structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁军

    2015-01-01

    高压水砂除锈防腐涂装技术包含高压水砂表面处理技术及带湿耐锈防腐涂装技术.本文从技术原理、技术特点及对比试验等方面对该技术进行了分析研究,解决了干法喷砂除锈的粉尘物理污染和金属喷涂的化学污染,保护了环境和操作人员健康,延长了工程的使用寿命,节省了投资.

  15. 纳米SiO_2改性输电铁塔防腐蚀涂料%Transmission Tower Anti-corrosion Coatings Modified by SiO2 Nano-particles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江; 谢凤龙; 陈颖敏; 俞立

    2012-01-01

    The agglomeration of nano-SiO2 particles was improved by ultrasonic dispersion and adding dispersing agents to protect the newborn nano-particles.The dispersed nano-SiO2 particles can improve the fluorocarbon finish property.The experimental results indicate that the best time of ultrasonic dispersion was about 30 minutes,and KH570,CH hyper-dispersant and BYK-163 were selected as dispering agents,the performance of KH570 was the best.Both the mechanical properties and the ability to resist chemical reagent of modified fluorocarbon finish were improved and could meet the national standard.%采用超声分散纳米SiO2,同时添加分散剂保护新生纳米SiO2粒子,在一定程度上改善了纳米SiO2团聚的现象,并将分散好的纳米SiO2加入氟碳面漆,用以改性氟碳面漆的性能。选用硅烷偶联剂KH570、CH超分散剂、BYK-163三种分散剂。结果表明,超声分散时间为30min左右,硅烷偶联剂KH570分散纳米SiO2的效果最好;纳米SiO2改性后的氟碳面漆,机械性能与耐化学试剂性能均有了较大改善,各项性能均达到国家标准。

  16. Optimum Seeking and Application of the Anti-corrosion Protection Coatings of Water-wall Tubes in Boilers of Electric Station%电站锅炉水冷壁腐蚀防护涂层优选和应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘谦; 马世宁; 李长青

    2003-01-01

    采用高速电弧喷涂技术制备了FeCrNi、Fe-Cr-Al、Cr-Ni、45CT涂层,并进行了抗氧化和热腐蚀试验,发现Cr-Ni涂层具有优良的防腐蚀效果.通过在天津大港电厂和邯郸电厂等锅炉水冷壁的实际应用,发现高速电弧喷涂Cr-Ni涂层加高温封孔剂涂层体系的防腐蚀效果明显,在治理热电厂锅炉水冷壁热腐蚀方面具有良好的应用前景.

  17. Circulating Water-cooling System Improvement of Steel Pipe Anticorrosion Medium Frequency Induction Heating Device%钢管防腐中频感应加热设备循环水冷系统的改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍新愿; 张茜; 贾真; 祖之英; 魏东锋

    2015-01-01

    In this article, it detailedly introduced the circulating water-cooling system of medium frequency induction heating device, and analyzed the general situation and existed problems. Aiming at the existed problems in the original water-cooling system, the optimization and transform were carried out. It added pure water preparation equipment and closed cooling tower, adopted the "double spare pumps" and "double pumps" settings and flow protection settings, the improved circulating water-cooling system of medium frequency induction heating device was used in practice. The application results showed that the improved system greatly reduced equipment failure rate, increased production efficiency and product percent of pass, and achieved the expected effect.%对中频感应加热设备循环水冷系统进行了详细介绍, 分析了改进前水冷系统的概况和存在的问题. 针对原水冷系统存在的问题进行了优化和改造, 增加了纯净水制备设备、 闭式冷却塔, 采用了"双备"和"双泵"设置以及流量保护设置等, 并对改进后的中频感应加热设备循环水冷系统进行了实际应用. 应用结果表明, 改进后的循环水冷系统大大减少了设备故障率, 提高了生产效率和产品合格率, 达到了预期的效果.

  18. The Study of Petrochemical Plant Piping Corrosion and Anticorrosive Countermeasures%石油化工装置配管的腐蚀及防腐对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯飞龙

    2012-01-01

    配管是石油化工行业中必不可少的设备之一,在长时间运行的过程中常因受管道内部流体的性质、温度、压力、流速及滞留时间等因素的影响而发生腐蚀,甚至导致泄漏而引发事故。本文对石油化工装置配管的腐蚀原因进行了分析,并且研究了相应的防腐措施。%Piping in petrochemical industry was one of the essential equipment, which was often corroded because of the pipeline internal fluid properties, temperature, pressure, flow, residence time and other factors in the long time run- ning process, and even lead to accident caused by leakage. The reasons of petrochemical piping corrosion were analyzed and the corresponding measures of corrosion prevention were proposed.

  19. 镁合金表面热喷涂铝的防腐蚀研究%Study on Anti-corrosion of Al Coating Prepared by Thermal Spray on Mg Alloy Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常森; 张宝红; 徐宏妍

    2011-01-01

    通过电化学实验和浸泡实验,研究不同压缩量状态下AZ80镁合金热喷涂铝涂层的抗腐蚀性能.结果表明:热喷涂铝涂层可明显提高AZ80镁合金的抗腐蚀性能,且当热喷涂铝涂层的压缩量为60%时,热喷涂铝涂层的抗腐蚀性能最好.%The corrosion resistance of thermal sprayed aluminum coating on AZ80 magnesium alloy with different corpression state was studied through immersion and electrochemical test. The results show that corrosion resistance of thermal sprayed aluminum coating on AZ80 magnesium alloy can be significantly improved, and when the compression of thermal spray coating is 60%, the corrosion resistance of the thermal spray coating is best.

  20. Practical experience with the use of remote-controllable CP systems; Erfahrungen mit dem Einsatz von fernsteuerbaren KKS-Schutzstromgeraeten in der Praxis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deiss, Rainer [EnBW Regional AG, Stuttgart (Germany); Gaugler, Hans [Stadtwerke Muenchen (SWM) (Germany)

    2009-05-15

    Remote-controllable CP anti-corrosion systems have up to now been installed at 280 sites distributed throughout Germany. It is therefore now time to examine experience obtained with this technology in more detail. (orig.)

  1. Low-cost Evaporator Protection Method against Corrosion in a Pulverized Coal Fired Boiler

    OpenAIRE

    Arkadiusz Krzysztof Dyjakon; Przemysław Bukowski

    2010-01-01

    Corrosion processes appearing on the watertubes in a combustion chamber of pulverized coal-fired boilers require permanent control and service. Subject to the power plant strategy, different anti-corrosion protection methods can be applied. Technical-economical analysis has been performed to evaluate and support the decisions on maintenance and operation services. The paper presents and discusses results of the application of an air protection system in boiler OP-230 in view of anti-corrosion...

  2. Development of Novel Corrosion Techniques for a Green Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Zaki Ahmad; Faheemuddin Patel

    2012-01-01

    The synergistic effect of air pollution, brown clouds and greenhouse gasses is deleterious to human health and industrial products. The use of toxic inhibitors, chemicals in water treatment plants, and anti-fouling agents in desalination plants has contributed to the greenhouse effect. Conventional anti-corrosion techniques such as paints, coatings, inhibitor treatments, and cathodic protection paid no regard to greenhouse effect. Work on eco-friendly anti-corrosion techniques is scanty and l...

  3. Effect of temperature, chloride ions and sulfide ions on the electrochemical properties of 316L stainless steel in simulated cooling water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The influence of temperature, chloride ions and sulfide ions on the anticorrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel in simulated cooling water was studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and anodic polarization curves. The results show that the film resistance increases with the solution temperature but decreases after 8 days' immersion, which indicates that the film formed at higher temperature has inferior anticorrosion behavior; Chloride ions and sulfide ions have remarkable effects on the elect...

  4. Theoretical and Experimental Study of Bimetal-Pipe Hydroforming

    OpenAIRE

    Dezhi, Zeng; Kuanhai, Deng; Taihe, Shi; Yuanhua, Lin; Hongjun, Zhu; Tianlei, Li; Yongxing, Sun

    2014-01-01

    The corrosion of oil country tubular goods (OCTG) gets more and more serious especially in the acidic environment. So, it is very important to develop a perfect anticorrosion technology for exploring sour oil and gas fields economically and safely. Analysis indicates that the bimetal-pipe (BP) which consists of the base layer of low carbon steel and a corrosion resistant alloy (CRA) cladding layer is an economic and reliable anticorrosion technology and has broad application prospects in the ...

  5. Active Additives to Improve the Performance of Anti-Corrosion of Carbon Dioxide of Set Cement in Oil Well%活性外掺料提高油井水泥石抗二氧化碳腐蚀能力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    诸华军; 姚晓; 王道正; 张祖华; 华苏东; 何玉鑫

    2011-01-01

    为提高固井水泥环的抗CO2腐蚀能力,开发了富硅铝质活性外掺料(HA).通过比较不同碳化龄期水泥石的抗压强度、分析孔结构、测定渗透率、分析碳化层的成分和显微形貌等方法,对水泥石的抗碳化性能进行了研究.结果表明,加HA水泥石抗CO2腐蚀能力明显优于净浆水泥石和掺硅灰水泥石:加HA水泥石在CO2压力2 MPa、95℃腐蚀介质中养护28和90 d后,试样的抗压强度为35.4和33.7 MPa,较同龄期盐水养护试样分别降低了3.01%和13.14%(净浆水泥石分别降低了7.750%和31.15%),试样总孔隙率分别为19.87%和21.45%(净浆水泥石分别为28.81%和31.850%),且有害孔(直径>100 nm)所占比例小;在7 MPa驱替压力下,两个腐蚀龄期的加HA水泥石均未发生渗滤(净浆水泥石的渗透率分别为1.21×10-3 μm2和1.68×10-3 μm2);碳化90 d后的加HA水泥石外层试样中CaCO3的衍射峰强度明显低于净浆水泥石,且碳化试样的产物呈连续致密,与净浆水泥石腐蚀后形成颗粒的结构明显不同.%Rich silicon-aluminum active admixture (HA) has been developed with the aim at improving the performance of anti-carbonation of oil well cement sheath. The compressive strength of set cement, its pore structure, permeability, component and micro-morphology of carbonated specimens at different ages were analyzed. The performance of anti-carbonization was investigated. The results showed that the anti-carbonation property of set cement with HA agent was higher than that of the pure cement and those containing silica fume. Under CO2 pressure of 2 Mpa and temperature of 95 ℃ ,the compressive strength of set cement with HA agent was 35. 4 Mpa and 33. 7 Mpa respectively with aging for 28 and 90 days, which decreased by 3. 01% and 13. 14% respectively compared with those samples after salt water curing (the compressive strength of pure cement was reduced by 7. 75% and 31. 15% respectively). The total porosity was 19. 87% and 21. 45% (the porosity of pure set cement was 28. 81% and 31. 85%) ,and the volume ratio of harmful pores (with diameter >100 μm) was small. These two corroded set cement with HA agent percolation did not occur at the driving pressure of 7 Mpa (the pure set cement had permeability of 1. 21 × 10-3 μm2 and 1. 68 × 10-3 μm2). The X-ray diffraction intensity of CaCO3 in set cement with HA a-gent was lower than that of pure set cement after carbonization for 90 days, the carbonized samples are compact continuously,different from the particle structure of pure set cement evidently.

  6. Application of Non-impregnant, Insulative, Water-repellent & Anticorrosive Epoxy Coating Denaturalized by Cardanol in Large-sized Petrolic Storage Tank%腰果酚改性环氧无溶剂绝缘防水重防腐涂料在大型石油储备罐中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施铭德; 周爱; 罗辉; 曾福生

    2008-01-01

    改性腰果酚作新型固化剂制备无溶剂绝缘防水重防腐涂料,因其具有许多综合性特殊优点及其无VOC挥发,已成为大型储油罐底板内壁防腐的首选涂料.研究了新型固化剂对改性环氧树脂作用机理及其具备的特性,并通过DSC和FT-IR测试及耐盐雾试验对涂料进行部分表征.

  7. 气井防腐措施中H2S和CO2浓度的现场可靠性测量%Reliable On-Site H2S and CO2 Concentrations for Anticorrosion Measures in Gas Wells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王泓; 马颖洁

    2005-01-01

    在现场正确测定气井内H2S和CO2浓度对腐蚀处理具有重要意义,同时对于管材的合理选择也格外重要.在气体样本储存期间的H2S损耗问题给现场测定提供了必要性.对在井场测定和确认H2S和CO2值的若干种方法进行了研究.

  8. Preparation of Epoxy/Montmorillonite Nanocomposite Coating and Investigation on Heat Resistance and Anticorrosion Properties in Oil- Gas Environment with H2S/CO2%环氧/蒙脱土复合涂层的制备及在H2S/CO2环境中的耐热防腐性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡银春; 马丽琴; 董玉华; 王献昉; 周琼

    2011-01-01

    The title anti -corrosive and heat resistant coating, which coud be used in oil -gas environment with H2S/CO2, has been developed by optimizing the curing process, clay content and resin component to improve heat - resistance and corrosion resistance of epoxy coating. The heat - resistant and anti - corrosive properties of the coating in oil - gas environment with H2S/CO2 was investigated with autoclave test.The results showed that heat pre treatment could significantly increase the Tg of the binder, and epoxy resin could be intercalated into the organic montmorillonite layers with mechanical stirring at 80 ℃. OMMT could be well dispersed in the binder when its content was 3% (m/m), and the nanocomposite showed an intercalation/stripping hybrid characteristic, which could ensure both the thermo -mechanical and barrier properties. When the Tg of the varnish coating was 153.7 ℃, its anti - corrosive property was good in oil - gas environment with H2S/CO2 at 150. 0 ℃, which meant the Tg could be used as the upper marging temperature for anti -corrosive coating.%通过优化固化工艺、有机蒙脱土含量及树脂组分改善环氧涂层的耐热性,制备应用于高温H2S/CO2腐蚀环境中的环氧耐热防腐涂层,采用高温高压釜试验测试了涂层的耐热防腐效果.结果表明:适当的高温处理能显著提高基体树脂的玻璃化转变温度;环氧树脂在80℃机械搅拌条件下插入有机蒙脱土的层间,质量分数为3%的有机蒙脱土在基体中分散均一,为插层/剥离混合型复合结构,兼顾材料的热机械性能和阻隔性能;清漆涂层的玻璃化转变温度为153.7℃,其防腐涂层在150℃以下含H2S/CO2的油气环境中的防腐效果良好,说明玻璃化转变温度作为防腐涂层的使用上限温度是可行的.

  9. Density Functional Theory Study on Action Mechanism of Anti-Oxidant and Anti-Corrosive for Alkylated Arylamine Additive%烷基化芳胺润滑添加剂抗氧抗腐蚀机理的密度泛函理论研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新芳; 王学业; 刘万强; 文小红; 龙清平; 谭援强

    2005-01-01

    采用量子化学的密度泛函理论计算了8种烷基化芳胺抗氧抗腐蚀添加剂与烷氧自由基(C6H13O·)的结合能以及与铁原子簇的化学吸附作用能,探讨了化合物的结构特征、作用机理、授受电子的性质和取代基效应.结果表明:这些添加剂的HOMO均为带有杂原子的孤对电子的π-分子轨道,HOMO可以与金属原子的LUMO发生相互作用,HOMO的电子转移到金属原子的LUMO上形成配位键和稳定的吸附态;添加剂的LUMO均为苯环的π-共轭体系组成,可与RO·的SOMO相互作用,LUMO接受RO·的电子生成稳定的加成产物,添加剂具有授受电子性质;烷基化芳胺添加剂抗氧抗腐蚀性能与取代基的供电子效应或共轭效应有关,当供电子效应强时可以增加添加剂与RO·的结合能以及与铁原子簇的化学吸附作用能.依据计算结果可以推测8种化合物的抗氧抗腐性能由高到低顺序为:化合物Ⅰ>Ⅵ>Ⅷ>Ⅶ>Ⅲ>Ⅴ>Ⅳ>Ⅱ,计算结果与实验结果一致.

  10. Analysis of Anticorrosion Technology of Bridge and Culvert Structures Concrete of Qinghai Chage Expressway Project in Saline Soil Area%青海察格高速公路项目工程桥涵构造物砼盐渍土地区防腐技术的分析借鉴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁学英

    2012-01-01

    The northwest region of China is more extensive areas of saline land distribution, which is characterized by particularly severe of saline soil corrosion. The persecution role of the high concentrations intergranular brine or saline soil on pouring concrete highway is very strong. The sulfuric acid, salt and chloride in saline soil area has chemical action with cement, but also can bring damage caused by the physical role. Because the salt crystals is expanded in the wet and dry parts of structure and results in the crack in road concrete, it reduces the service life of the road to a large extent. So, except the relevant rules and norms of road construction in saline soil area, the corrosion resistance of concrete also should be paid great attention to and the special corresponding measures should be taken when conditions permit to mitigate and even eradicate the destructive effects of corrosion on highway structures.%我国的西北部是盐碱地分布比较广泛的地区,其特点就是盐渍土的腐蚀尤其严重.高浓度晶间卤水或者盐渍土壤对由混凝土浇筑的高速公路的的迫害作用相当强.这样的盐渍土地区环境中的硫酸、盐和氯盐和水泥石极易发生化学作用,而且还有物理作用造成的破坏,因为盐类结晶在结构的干湿变化部位基因膨胀,造成公路混凝土开裂,很大程度的减少了公路的使用寿命.所以说,对于盐渍土地区的公路建设各有关规定和规范之外,还须对混凝土地防腐性能给予高度关注,在条件许可时采取特殊对应措施,减轻乃至根除腐蚀对公路构筑物的破坏作用.

  11. Study on Salt-Fog Resistance of Zinc-Rich Anti-Corrosive Epoxy Coating for Bridge Support of Railway%铁路桥梁支座用环氧富锌防腐涂料耐盐雾性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾凡辉; 姜其斌; 包胜军; 陈宪宏

    2008-01-01

    通过对铁路桥梁支座用环氧富锌防腐涂料耐盐雾性能的研究,制得了具有优异防腐功能的新型环氧富锌涂料.研究了涂膜的PVC、硅烷偶联剂和环氧固化剂对环氧富锌防腐涂料耐盐雾性能的影响.结果表明当涂膜的PVC为42%、干漆膜中锌粉含量为82%,且配方中选用某环氧基硅烷偶联剂和某腰果油改性环氧固化剂时,环氧富锌防腐涂料的耐盐雾腐蚀可达1 518 h.

  12. Application of Long-term Zn-Al Alloy Anticorrosive Coatings for Spent Fuel Storage Tanks in Nuclear Power Plants%锌-铝长效防腐涂层在核电乏燃料贮存罐中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢媛媛; 刘金华

    2010-01-01

    乏燃料贮存罐的腐蚀破坏可能导致灾难性事故,其维护的特殊性,要求一种长效安全的防护技术.简述了钢铁在海洋大气中的腐蚀,对比分析了几种钢铁表面防护方法,探讨Zn-Al合金防腐蚀机理.在上述基础上,推荐了关于乏燃料贮存罐长效防腐蚀建议方案.

  13. Preparation Process and Properties of Long Term Effect Self-lubrication Composite Coating with Wear Resistance and Anti-corrosion Propeties%长效自润滑耐磨耐蚀复合镀层制备工艺及性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张祖军

    2008-01-01

    以长效自润滑耐磨、耐蚀复合镀层制备技术,采用45#钢为基体材料、Ni-B为基底合金、Ni-W-P为基质合金、添加耐磨人造金刚石微粒和固体润滑剂(CF)n微粒,镀制Ni-B和Ni-W-P/金刚石-(CF)n双层复合镀层.试验结果表明:该工艺得到的Ni-B和Ni-W-P/金刚石-(CF)n双层复合镀层表面光亮,质感均匀,粗糙度为Ra0.2;镀层结合力良好;耐蚀性优良;经过相同次数磨损试验,磨损量仅为未镀试件的21.2%.

  14. Aluminum pigment encapsulated by in situ copolymerization of styrene and maleic acid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hui; Ye, Hongqi; Tang, Xinde

    2007-11-01

    To improve its anticorrosion property, aluminum pigment was encapsulated by in situ copolymerization of styrene (St) and maleic acid (MA). It was found that the conversion of monomers (C), the percentage of grafting (PG) and the grafting efficiency (GE) could attain 92%, 12%, 25%, respectively, when m(BPO)/ m(St + MA) = 10% and m(St + MA)/ m(Al) = 10%. The optimum condition for protection factor was studied according to an orthogonal testing. When m(St + MA)/ m(Al) was 20%, the encapsulated aluminum pigment simultaneously showed good anticorrosion property and luster. FTIR, SEM and particle size analysis indicated that aluminum pigment had been successfully encapsulated with styrene-maleic acid copolymer by in situ copolymerization, which remarkably improved its anticorrosion property and the chelate complex formed between SMA and Al(III) was possibly the actual corrosion inhibitor.

  15. STUDY ON THE CARDANOL-ALDEHYDE CONDENSATION POLYMER CONTAINING BORON-NITROGEN COORDINATE BOND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    Cardanol-aldehyde condensation polymer containing boron-nitrogen coordinate bond (CFBN) has been synthesized and characterized by IR, XPS, HPLC and DTA-TG. Its properties were also investigated. The results show that the coating film of CFBN has excellent physico-mechanical properties, good anticorrosive properties and stable at high temperature.

  16. Corrosion Inhibition on SAE 1010 Steel by Nanoscale Exopolysaccharides Coatings Determined by Electrochemical and Surface Characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plating, painting and the application of enamel are the most common anti-corrosion treatments. They are effective by providing a barrier of corrosion resistant material between the damaging environment and the structural material. Coatings start failing rapidly if scratched or damaged because a co...

  17. Synthesis of N-Alkylperfluorooctanesulfonamides and Its Derivatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yan; CHEN Zhi-Qi; ZHOU Ye-Bing; CHEN Zu-Xing; LIU Zhao-Jie

    2003-01-01

    @@ N-Alkylperfluorooctanesulfonamide compounds are special fine chemicals, and have been applied in many fields, such as vulcanizing agents for fluoro rubbers, smooth and friction reducing for coatings, fire extinguisher, anticorrosive agents for metals, water- and oil-repellents for leather, textiles and paper, photographic emulsion.[1

  18. THE SYNTHESIS OF URUSHIOL TITANIUM CHELATE POLYMERS AND THEIR STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Binghuan; CHEN Wending; LIN Jinhuo

    1993-01-01

    The synthetic method and structural characteristics of urushiol-titanium chelates (UT) and urushiol-titanium chelate polymer for anticorrosive coatings have been studied.Two kinds of coating films made from UT polymer show excellent physico-mechanical properties and possess good chemical resistance to strong acids and alkalis, many kinds of salt solutions and organic solvents,stable at high temperature.

  19. Biobased polymers for corrosion protection of metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anticorrosive biobased polymers were developed in our lab. We isolated an exopolysaccharide produced by a microbe that, when coated on metal substrates, exhibited unique corrosion inhibition. Corrosion is a worldwide problem and impacts the economy, jeopardizes human health and safety, and impedes t...

  20. Potentiality Studies of Stainless Steel 304 Material for Production of Medical Equipment using Micro Electrical Discharge Machining (micro-EDM) Analysis and Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Puthumana, Govindan

    2016-01-01

    Stainless steel 304 (SS304) is a material widely used for production of medical equipment mainly because of its anti-corrosive properties. It has excellent mechanical properties, strength and reliability because of which it is one of the best materials for fabrication of medical devices. This pap...

  1. Anti corrosion layer for stainless steel in molten carbonate fuel cell - comprises phase vapour deposition of titanium nitride, aluminium nitride or chromium nitride layer then oxidising layer in molten carbonate electrolyte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2000-01-01

    Forming an anticorrosion protective layer on a stainless steel surface used in a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) - comprises the phase vapour deposition (PVD) of a layer comprising at least one of titanium nitride, aluminium nitride or chromium nitride and then forming a protective layer in situ...... by replacement of the nitride ions with oxide ions in the molten carbonate electrolyte....

  2. Multifunctional substrate of Al alloy based on general hierarchical micro/nanostructures: superamphiphobicity and enhanced corrosion resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xuewu; Shi, Tian; Liu, Cong; Zhang, Qiaoxin; Huang, Xingjiu

    2016-01-01

    Aluminum alloys are vulnerable to penetrating and peeling failures in seawater and preparing a barrier coating to isolate the substrate from corrosive medium is an effective anticorrosion method. Inspired by the lotus leaves effect, a wetting alloy surface with enhanced anticorrosion behavior has been prepared via etch, deposition, and low-surface-energy modification. Results indicate that excellent superamphiphobicity has been achieved after the modification of the constructed hierarchical labyrinth-like microstructures and dendritic nanostructures. The as-prepared surface is also found with good chemical stability and mechanical durability. Furthermore, superior anticorrosion behaviors of the resultant samples in seawater are investigated by electrochemical measurements. Due to trapped air in micro/nanostructures, the newly presented solid-air-liquid contacting interface can help to resist the seawater penetration by greatly reducing the interface interaction between corrosive ions and the superamphiphobic surface. Finally, an optimized two-layer perceptron artificial neural network is set up to model and predict the cause-and-effect relationship between preparation conditions and the anticorrosion parameters. This work provides a great potential to extend the applications of aluminum alloys especially in marine engineering fields. PMID:27775053

  3. НЕКОТОРЫЕ КОНСЕРВАЦИОННЫЕ МАТЕРИАЛЫ НА ОСНОВЕ ПРОИЗВОДНЫХ ТАЛЛОВЫХ МАСЕЛ ДЛЯ ЗАЩИТЫ ОТ АТМОСФЕРНОЙ КОРРОЗИИ УГЛЕРОДИСТОЙ СТАЛИ

    OpenAIRE

    Шель, Наталья; Бернацкий, Павел; Цыганкова, Людмила

    1999-01-01

    The results of the investigation of oil-thickening ability of the derivatives of distilled tall acids and polyethylenepolyamine are presented. The compositions of these derivatives and transformer oil are effective against carbonaceous steel atmospheric corrosion. They absorb some water to form the emulsions showing higher anticorrosive action.

  4. Economic Efficiency of Innovative Materials for Sectors of Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroshnikova Tatyana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper proposes an approach to the assessment of the economic efficiency of innovative anti-corrosion coatings for sectors of the national economy of the Russia on the basis of a synthesis of strategic sectoral and cost analysis. According to the authors, a comparative analysis of composite polymeric anticorrosion protecting coatings with similar products, estimating of direct and indirect economic effect and prognosis of implementation, forms a deeper understanding of the role of innovative technologies in the Russian state development of import substitution, the investment attractiveness of Russian industries in the new part technologies, applied research activities of private companies. Metal consumption sectors of the economy were chosen as an object of research, as they are characterized by the use of the following products: industrial construction and reconstruction, nuclear and thermal power, chemical, oil and gas, utilities, food processing, automotive, shipbuilding, aviation and rocket science, other industry. Basic modeling of implementation of anticorrosion protecting coatings in industrial enterprises was carried out on the basis of generating energy enterprises as one of the main end-users of anti-corrosive materials that also issue accurate statements.

  5. Impressed current cathodic protection of deep water structures

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Venkatesan, R.

    Of all the various anti-corrosion systems usEd. by offshore structures and ship-building industry to reduce the ravages of sea-water corrosion, cathodic protection is one of the most important. Impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP...

  6. ELECTROPOLYMERIZATION OF ANILINE ON ZINC-ELECTROPLATED STEEL FROM NEUTRAL AQUEOUS MEDIUM BY SINGLE-STEP PROCESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Y.P. Zhao; R.H. Yin; W.M. Cao; A.B. Yuan

    2004-01-01

    Polyaniline films were successfully synthesized on zinc-electroplated steel sheets in sodium has been studied in this paper using different electrochemical techniques. And scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the polymer coatings rapidly formed by either galvanostatic or potentiostatic mode performed compact and uniform in morphology.Potentiodynamic polarization was used to test the anticorrosion properties of this polymer.

  7. Corrosion Resistance of Zinc Coatings With Aluminium Additive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Votava Jiří

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper is focused on evaluation of anticorrosion protection of inorganic metal coatings such as hot-dipped zinc and zinc-galvanized coatings. The thickness and weight of coatings were tested. Further, the evaluation of ductile characteristics in compliance with the norm ČSN EN ISO 20482 was processed. Based on the scratch tests, there was evaluated undercorrosion in the area of artificially made cut. Corrosion resistance was evaluated in compliance with the norm ČSN EN ISO 9227 (salt-spray test. Based on the results of the anticorrosion test, there can be stated corrosion resistance of each individual protective coating. Tests were processed under laboratory conditions and may vary from tests processed under conditions of normal atmosphere.

  8. Effects of Nano Pigments on the Corrosion Resistance of Alkyd Coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Alkyd coatings embedded with nano-TiO2 and nano-ZnO pigments were prepared. The effects of nano pigments on anticorrosion performance of alkyd coatings were investigated using electrochemical impedance spectrum (EIS). For the sake of comparison, the corrosion protection of alkyd coatings with conventional TiO2 and ZnO was also studied. It was found that nano-TiO2 pigment improved the corrosion resistance as well as the hardness of alkyd coatings. The optimal amount of nano-TiO2 in a colored coating for corrosion resistance was 1%. The viscosities of alkyd coatings with nanometer TiO2 and ZnO and conventional TiO2 and ZnO pigments were measured and the relation between viscosity and anticorrosion performance was discussed.

  9. The correlation between materials, processes and final properties in the pipeline coating system with polyethylene in triple layer; A correlacao entre materiais, processos e propriedades finais no sistema de revestimento de tubos com polietileno em tripla camada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Luiz C.; Campos, Paulo H. [Confab Industrial S.A., Pindamonhangaba, SP (Brazil); Silva, Christian E.; Santos, Paulo T. [Soco-Ril do Brasil S.A., Pindamonhangaba, SP (Brazil)

    2003-07-01

    The use of anticorrosion coating is a common practice in industrial pipeline applications. Among the several coatings types to buried and submerged pipelines, over all, the Fusion Bonded Epoxy and Three Layer Polyethylene coating systems have been large employed. They have showed an excellent performance protecting the pipe metal from external corrosive environment, considerably decreasing the designed cathodic protection requirements, basically in the first years of pipeline operation. Coating system success depends on not only of a suitable design or of the materials technology, but also depends on the process parameters and the raw material characteristics exhibited during the application. In this paper will be presented in a theoretical approach how the process parameters and the raw materials characteristics may affect the three layer polyethylene anticorrosion coating final properties. (author)

  10. Deposition of SiOx on Metal Surface with a DBD Plasma Gun at Atmospheric Pressure for Corrosion Prevention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Erli; CHEN Qiang; ZHANG Yuefei; CHEN Fei; GE Yuanjing

    2007-01-01

    In this study,SiOx films were deposited by a dielectric barrier discharge(DBD)plasma gun at an atmospheric pressure.The relationship of the film structures with plasma powers Was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR),and scanning electron microscope(SEM).It was shown that an uniform and cross-linking structure film was formed by the DBD gun.As an application,the SiOx films were deposited on a carbon steel surface for the anti-corrosion purpose.The experiment was carried out in a 0.1 M NaC1 solution.It Was found that a very good anti-corrosive property was obtained,i.e.,the corrosion rate Was decreased c.a.15 times in 5% NaC1 solution compared to the non-SiOx coated steel,as detected by the potentiodynamic polarization measurement.

  11. Super-hydrophobic film prepared on zinc as corrosion barrier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Peng [Key Lab of Corrosion Science, Shandong Province, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Naihai Road, Qingdao 266071 (China); Zhang Dun, E-mail: Zhangdun@qdio.ac.c [Key Lab of Corrosion Science, Shandong Province, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Naihai Road, Qingdao 266071 (China); Qiu Ri [Key Lab of Corrosion Science, Shandong Province, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Naihai Road, Qingdao 266071 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 (Jia) Yuquan Road, Beijing 100039 (China); Hou Baorong [Key Lab of Corrosion Science, Shandong Province, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Naihai Road, Qingdao 266071 (China)

    2011-06-15

    Research highlights: {yields} Super-hydrophobic film was prepared on zinc surface. {yields} The air trapped in film can dramatically improve the anti-corrosion property. {yields} The air trapped behaves as dielectric for a pure parallel plate capacitor. {yields} The air enhances the contribution of film to the anti-corrosion property. {yields} Without the help of air, the film itself can only present feeble inhibition effect. - Abstract: Potentiostatic electrolysis was carried out to prepare super-hydrophobic film on the surface of metallic zinc. The resultant film was examined by field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, electrochemical measurements, and contact angle test. The super-hydrophobic property of the film results from the air trapped among the sheets of zinc tetradecanoate. This air behaves as a dielectric for a pure parallel plate capacitor, thereby inhibiting electron transfer between the electrolyte and the substrate. The air can also enhance the contribution of the film itself to protection performance.

  12. Electrochemical assessing corrosion inhibiting effects of zinc aluminum polyphosphate (ZAPP) as a modified zinc phosphate pigment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naderi, R. [Polymer Engineering Department, AmirKabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-413, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Attar, M.M. [Polymer Engineering Department, AmirKabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-413, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: attar@cic.aut.ac.ir

    2008-07-20

    Undesirable anti-corrosion performance of zinc phosphate pigment, the classical chromate replacement, has led researchers to take modification into account. Polyphosphate-based anti-corrosion pigments as a result of modification of zinc orthophosphate have been found to function much more efficiently. This study aimed to evaluate performance of steel samples immersed in 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution-containing zinc aluminum polyphosphate (ZAPP) pigment extract compared to those involving conventional zinc phosphate (ZP) pigment extract and also no pigment (blank) using electrochemical tests such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and linear polarization (LP) as well as surface analysis. Impedance spectra and polarization curves revealed two different trends, showing the superiority of ZAPP pigment. Based on the results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), presence of a precipitated layer on the surface was confirmed when steel sample was immersed into the solution-containing ZAPP.

  13. 水基防锈剂MET-486在全合成切削液中的应用研究%Application of Aqueous Rust Preventive MET-486 in Synthetic Metal Working Fluid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋扬扬

    2013-01-01

      选择MET-486作为全合成水基切削液中的防锈添加剂,并通过对铸铁试片、碳钢试片的腐蚀性试验及灰口铸铁片的防锈性试验,确定其最少添加量。实验结果表明,添加量为0.1%就可对黑色金属表现优异的防锈性能。%  MET-486 was used as anti-corrosion composite additives in synthetic metal working fluid. Effects of the additive contents in composites on anti-corrosion and anti-rust were investigated in detail by testing cast iron and carbon steel chips. The working fluid with 0.1%MET-486 showed the best corrosion protection for ferrous metals.

  14. Low-cost Evaporator Protection Method against Corrosion in a Pulverized Coal Fired Boiler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkadiusz Krzysztof Dyjakon

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Corrosion processes appearing on the watertubes in a combustion chamber of pulverized coal-fired boilers require permanent control and service. Subject to the power plant strategy, different anti-corrosion protection methods can be applied. Technical-economical analysis has been performed to evaluate and support the decisions on maintenance and operation services. The paper presents and discusses results of the application of an air protection system in boiler OP-230 in view of anti-corrosion measures. It is indicated that a low-cost protection method of watertubes (evaporator against corrosion can be efficient and lead to financial savings in comparison to the standard procedure of replacement of watertube panels.

  15. Oleic acid-grafted chitosan/graphene oxide composite coating for corrosion protection of carbon steel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fayyad, Eman M; Sadasivuni, Kishor Kumar; Ponnamma, Deepalekshmi; Al-Maadeed, Mariam Al Ali

    2016-10-20

    An anticorrosion coating film based on the formation of nanocomposite coating is reported in this study. The composite consisted of chitosan (green matrix), oleic acid, and graphene oxide (nano filler). The nanocomposite coating was arranged on the surface of carbon steel, and the corrosion resistance was monitored using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization (PP). Compared to the pure chitosan (CS) coating, the corrosion resistance of oleic acid-modified chitosan/graphene oxide film (CS/GO-OA) is increased by 100 folds. Since the well-dispersed smart grafted nanolayers delayed the penetration rate of corrosive species and thus maintained long term anticorrosive stability which is correlated with hydrophobicity and permeability. PMID:27474635

  16. Evaluation of Iron Nickel Oxide Nanopowder as Corrosion Inhibitor: Effect of Metallic Cations on Carbon Steel in Aqueous NaCl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chaudhry, A. U.; Mishra, Brajendra [Colorado School of Mines, Denver (United States); Mittal, Vikas [The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)

    2016-01-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of iron-nickel oxide (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}.NiO) nanopowder (FeNi) as an anti-corrosion pigment for a different application. The corrosion protection ability and the mechanism involved was determined using aqueous solution of FeNi prepared in a corrosive solution containing 3.5 wt.% NaCl. Anti-corrosion abilities of aqueous solution were determined using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) on line pipe steel (API 5L X-80). The protection mechanism involved the adsorption of metallic cations on the steel surface forming a protective film. Analysis of EIS spectra revealed that corrosion inhibition occurred at low concentration, whereas higher concentration of aqueous solution produced induction behavior.

  17. Corrosion Inhibition of High Speed Steel by Biopolymer HPMC Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Chen Shi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The corrosion inhibition characteristics of the derivatives of biopolymer hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate (HPMCP, and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose acetate succinate (HPMCAS film are investigated. Based on electrochemical impedance spectroscopic measurements and potentiodynamic polarization, the corrosion inhibition performance of high speed steel coated with HPMC derivatives is evaluated. The Nyquist plot and Tafel polarization demonstrate promising anti-corrosion performance of HPMC and HPMCP. With increasing film thickness, both materials reveal improvement in corrosion inhibition. Moreover, because of a hydrophobic surface and lower moisture content, HPMCP shows better anti-corrosion performance than HPMCAS. The study is of certain importance for designing green corrosion inhibitors of high speed steel surfaces by the use of biopolymer derivatives.

  18. Corrosion protection of AZ31 magnesium alloy treated with La3+ modified 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane conversion film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔英杰; 李文鹏; 王桂香; 张晓红

    2015-01-01

    This study demonstrated the influence of addition concentration of La3+ on the anti-corrosion behavior of a 3-methacry-loxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MPS) film formed on AZ31 magnesium alloy. The morphology and surface chemistry of the samples were evaluated through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), respectively. The corrosion resistance of the pre-treated AZ31 magnesium alloy was studied during immersion in 0.1 mol/L NaCl solution, using poten-tiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS). In comparison to MPS film, the low concentration of La3+ ion modified silane layer exhibited a better anti-corrosion performance, nevertheless, the high concentration of La3+ ion modified was worse. Results showed that the preferable addition concentration of La3+ ion in the silane film was 5×10–4 mol/L in this experi-ment.

  19. Potentialities inherent in high-energy surface treatment for corrosion protection of metals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Natural resources of alloying elements are limited. Application of protective coatings, surface alloying, modification of its structure make up one of the most important problems, successful solution of which will permit a sharp reduction of metal consumption, increase in the quality and service time of equipment and machines, increase in output per man - hour. Four high-energy methods of anticorrosion treatment of metal surface: gas-plasma, detonation, laser and electron-beam ones, are assessed in the review

  20. Biomimetic hydrophobic surface fabricated by chemical etching method from hierarchically structured magnesium alloy substrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yan; Yin, Xiaoming; Zhang, Jijia; Wang, Yaming; Han, Zhiwu; Ren, Luquan

    2013-09-01

    As one of the lightest metal materials, magnesium alloy plays an important role in industry such as automobile, airplane and electronic product. However, magnesium alloy is hindered due to its high chemical activity and easily corroded. Here, inspired by typical plant surfaces such as lotus leaves and petals of red rose with super-hydrophobic character, the new hydrophobic surface is fabricated on magnesium alloy to improve anti-corrosion by two-step methodology. The procedure is that the samples are processed by laser first and then immersed and etched in the aqueous AgNO3 solution concentrations of 0.1 mol/L, 0.3 mol/L and 0.5 mol/L for different times of 15 s, 40 s and 60 s, respectively, finally modified by DTS (CH3(CH2)11Si(OCH3)3). The microstructure, chemical composition, wettability and anti-corrosion are characterized by means of SEM, XPS, water contact angle measurement and electrochemical method. The hydrophobic surfaces with microscale crater-like and nanoscale flower-like binary structure are obtained. The low-energy material is contained in surface after DTS treatment. The contact angles could reach up to 138.4 ± 2°, which hydrophobic property is both related to the micro-nano binary structure and chemical composition. The results of electrochemical measurements show that anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is improved. Furthermore, our research is expected to create some ideas from natural enlightenment to improve anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy while this method can be easily extended to other metal materials.

  1. Water Condensation on Zinc Surfaces Treated by Chemical Bath Deposition

    OpenAIRE

    Narhe, R.D. (Ramchandra D.); González-Viñas, W.; Beysens, D.A. (Daniel A.)

    2010-01-01

    Water condensation, a complex and challenging process, is investigated on a metallic (Zn) surface, regularly used as anticorrosive surface. The Zn surface is coated with hydroxide zinc carbonate by chemical bath deposition, a very simple, low-cost and easily applicable process. As the deposition time increases, the surface roughness augments and the contact angle with water can be varied from 75º to 150º , corresponding to changing the surface properties from hydrophobic to ultrahydrophobic a...

  2. A Comparative Study of Recycling of Used Engine Oil Using Extraction by Composite Solvent, Single Solvent, and Acid Treatment Methods

    OpenAIRE

    Abro, Rashid; Chen, Xiaochun; Harijan, Khanji; Dhakan, Zulifqar A.; Ammar, Muhammad

    2013-01-01

    Engine oils are made from crude oil and its derivatives by mixing of certain other chemicals (additives) for improving their certain properties. Lubricating oil is used to lubricate moving parts of engine, reducing friction, protecting against wear, and removing contaminants from the engine, act as a cleaning agent, and act as an anticorrosion and cooling agent. This research effort focuses on comparative study of re-refined engine oils by extraction of composite solvent, single solvent, and ...

  3. Graphene/Epoxy Coating as Multifunctional Material for Aircraft Structures

    OpenAIRE

    Tullio Monetta; Annalisa Acquesta; Francesco Bellucci

    2015-01-01

    Recently, the use of graphene as a conductive nanofiller in the preparation of inorganic/polymer nanocomposites has attracted increasing interest in the aerospace field. The reason for this is the possibility of overcoming problems strictly connected to the aircraft structures, such as electrical conductivity and thus lightning strike protection. In addition, graphene is an ideal candidate to enhance the anti-corrosion properties of the resin, since it absorbs most of the light and provides ...

  4. Influencia de la concentración de pigmento en volumen (CPV en las propiedades de una imprimación epoxi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez, M. T.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available By means of stress-strain tests, electrochemical techniques (EIS and AC/DC/AC and salt spray accelerated tests, the influence of the A=PVC/CPVC parameter (being CPVC the critical pigment volume concentration on mechanical and anticorrosive properties of an anticorrosive epoxy organic primer has been studied. Primers were formulated at different A values (0.73, 0.80, 0.88, 0.93, 0.98, 1.08, 1.15 and 1.24. It was concluded that mechanical and anticorrosive properties of an epoxy coating are greatly affected by the A parameter. The corrosion resistance increases when the PVC decreases. Anticorrosive properties characterized with the different techniques used were very similar, although AC/DC/AC offered the results in a very short time (24 h.

    Mediante ensayos de tracción (tensión-deformación, ensayos electroquímicos (EIS y AC/DC/AC y ensayos acelerados de niebla salina, se ha estudiado el efecto del parámetro A=CPV/CCPV (siendo CCPV la concentración de pigmento en volumen crítica en las propiedades mecánicas y anticorrosivas de una imprimación epoxi. Se formularon imprimaciones con diferentes valores de A (0,73, 0,80, 0,88, 0,93, 0,98, 1,08, 1,15 y 1,24. Se ha observado que las propiedades mecánicas y anticorrosivas de una imprimación epoxi se ven altamente afectadas por el parámetro A, aumentando la resistencia a corrosión al disminuir la CPV. Las conclusiones halladas mediante las diferentes técnicas fueron muy similares, destacando los ensayos AC/DC/AC por su rapidez en la obtención de resultados (24 h.

  5. Fabrication of superhydrophobic-superoleophilic copper mesh via thermal oxidation and its application in oil-water separation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanlong, Shi; Wu, Yang; Xiaojuan, Feng; Yongsheng, Wang; Guoren, Yue; Shuping, Jin

    2016-03-01

    A copper mesh with superhydrophobicity and superoleophilicity was fabricated via thermal oxidation and subsequent surface modification. After surface treatment, the copper mesh exhibited self-cleaning properties, striking loading capacities, and superior anticorrosion. In addition, the copper mesh could be used in a separator for separating oil from oily water with high efficiency. The presented approach may provide a promising strategy for the design and construction of superhydrophobic-superoleophilic materials which can be used for separating oil from oily water.

  6. Biomimetic hydrophobic surface fabricated by chemical etching method from hierarchically structured magnesium alloy substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As one of the lightest metal materials, magnesium alloy plays an important role in industry such as automobile, airplane and electronic product. However, magnesium alloy is hindered due to its high chemical activity and easily corroded. Here, inspired by typical plant surfaces such as lotus leaves and petals of red rose with super-hydrophobic character, the new hydrophobic surface is fabricated on magnesium alloy to improve anti-corrosion by two-step methodology. The procedure is that the samples are processed by laser first and then immersed and etched in the aqueous AgNO3 solution concentrations of 0.1 mol/L, 0.3 mol/L and 0.5 mol/L for different times of 15 s, 40 s and 60 s, respectively, finally modified by DTS (CH3(CH2)11Si(OCH3)3). The microstructure, chemical composition, wettability and anti-corrosion are characterized by means of SEM, XPS, water contact angle measurement and electrochemical method. The hydrophobic surfaces with microscale crater-like and nanoscale flower-like binary structure are obtained. The low-energy material is contained in surface after DTS treatment. The contact angles could reach up to 138.4 ± 2°, which hydrophobic property is both related to the micro–nano binary structure and chemical composition. The results of electrochemical measurements show that anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is improved. Furthermore, our research is expected to create some ideas from natural enlightenment to improve anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy while this method can be easily extended to other metal materials.

  7. Application of glass-fiber-reinforced plastics to accelerators and cryo-Dewars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glass-fiber-reinforced plastics (GFRP) are increasing in use for electrical insulating structures because of their excelent dielectric strength, high mechanical strength, high anticorrosiveness and low thermal conductivity. This article describes their application in new fields as follows : (1) large cryo-Dewar for evaluating large-pulsed magnet coils, (2) large cylindrical void-free GFRP for the time projection chamber of accelerators. (author)

  8. Multilayer ceramic coating for impeding corrosion of sintered NdFeB magnets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.Ali; A.Ahmad; K.M.Deen

    2009-01-01

    Sintered NdFeB magnets have complex microstructure that makes them susceptible to corrosion in active environments.The current paper evaluated the anticorrosion characteristics of multilayer titanium nitride ceramic coating applied through cathodic arc physical vapour deposition(CAPVD) for protection of sintered NdFeB permanent magnets.The performance of ceramic coating was compared to the electrodeposited nickel coating having a copper interlayer.Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy(EIS) and cyclic polar...

  9. The Mussel Adhesive Protein (Mefp-1) : A GREEN Corrosion Inhibitor

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Fan

    2013-01-01

    Corrosion of metallic materials is a natural process, and our study shows that even in an alkaline environment severe corrosion may occur on a carbon steel surface. While corrosion cannot be stopped it can be retarded. Many of the traditional anti-corrosion approaches such as the chromate process are effective but hazardous to the environment and human health. Mefp-1, a protein derived from blue mussel byssus, is well known for its extraordinary adhesion and film forming properties. Moreover,...

  10. Impact of surface chemistry

    OpenAIRE

    Somorjai, Gabor A.; Li, Yimin

    2010-01-01

    The applications of molecular surface chemistry in heterogeneous catalyst technology, semiconductor-based technology, medical technology, anticorrosion and lubricant technology, and nanotechnology are highlighted in this perspective. The evolution of surface chemistry at the molecular level is reviewed, and the key roles of surface instrumentation developments for in situ studies of the gas–solid, liquid–solid, and solid–solid interfaces under reaction conditions are emphasized.

  11. Corrosion Resistance of Electroless Ni-Cu-P Ternary Alloy Coatings in Acidic and Neutral Corrosive Mediums

    OpenAIRE

    Mbouillé Cissé; Mohamed Abouchane; Tayeb Anik; Karima Himm; Rida Allah Belakhmima; Mohamed Ebn Touhami; Rachid Touir; Abderrahmane Amiar

    2010-01-01

    Electroless Ni-Cu-P alloy coatings were deposited on the ordinary steel substrate in an acidic hypophosphite-type plating bath. These coatings were characterized by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and an X-ray diffraction. The micrograph shows that coating presents a nodular aspect and is relatively homogeneous and very smooth. The EDX analysis shows that the coating contains 12 wt.% of phosphorus element with a predominance of nickel element. In addition, the anticorrosion properties of...

  12. Electrodeposition of Zn-Mn alloys from recycling battery leach solutions in the presence of amines

    OpenAIRE

    Brito, P. S. D.; Patrício, S.; Rodrigues, L. F.; D. M. F. Santos; Sequeira, C. A. C.

    2010-01-01

    The recovery of metal ions by electrodeposition from solutions resulting from the lixiviation of spent Zn-MnO2 batteries was studied. It was attempted to optimise the electrodeposition process, the selectivity of ion-separation, the morphologic characteristics, and the anticorrosive and galvanic properties of metallic deposits. The simultaneous deposition of zinc and manganese on different ferrous substrates under various experimental conditions was tested. This allowed us t...

  13. Hot-Dip Galvanized Sheet Production and Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Hot-dip galvanized sheet is wildly used in construction, household appliances, ship, vehicle and vessel building and machinery, etc. In last ten years, with the development of automobile industry, the anti-corrosion requirements for car body are increasingly strict, by which the rapid development in technology has been promoted. The application of hot-dip galvanized sheet, technological progress in production and some Chinese large units were introduced.

  14. The adsorption of an epoxy acrylate resin on aluminium alloy conversion coatings

    OpenAIRE

    Grilli, R; Abel, ML; Baker, MA; Dunn, B.; Watts, JF

    2011-01-01

    A thermodynamic study of the adsorption of an epoxy acrylate resin used for UV-cured coatings on two different anticorrosion pretreatments on aluminium alloys relevant to aerospace industry has been undertaken. Aluminium alloy Al2219 specimens, treated with an inorganic chromate based conversion coating (Alodine 1200S) and an organic titanium based conversion coating (Nabutan STI/310), were immersed in solutions of different concentrations of the resin and adsorption isotherms were determined...

  15. Research on Abrasives in the Chemical Mechanical Polishing Process for Silicon Nitride Balls

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Silicon nitride (Si 3N 4) has been the main material for balls in ceramic ball bearings, for its lower density, high strength, high hardness, fine thermal stability and anticorrosive, and is widely used in various fields, such as high speed and high temperature areojet engines, precision machine tools and chemical engineer machines. Silicon nitride ceramics is a kind of brittle and hard material that is difficult to machining. In the traditional finishing process of silicon nitride balls, balls are lapped...

  16. Mechanism for Corrosion Prevention by a Mechanical Plating of Uniform Zinc-Iron Alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasai, Naoya; Kaku, Yoshihiko; Okazaki, Shinji; Hirai, Kuninori

    2016-09-01

    In situ electrochemical monitoring with a three-electrode cell was applied to investigate the anti-corrosion properties of a mechanical zinc-iron alloy plating. Several electron probe microanalyses were also conducted to identify the chemical elements in the plating. The results indicated the formation of a Zn-Fe intermetallic compound, which allowed a mechanism for corrosion prevention to be proposed. In the proposed mechanism, Zn(OH)2 plays a significant role in the corrosion prevention of steel alloys.

  17. Polyurethane microcapsule with glycerol as the polyol component for encapsulated self healing agent

    OpenAIRE

    Evi Triwulandari; Ahmad Randy; Athanasia Amanda Septevani; Dewi Sondari,

    2010-01-01

    Self healing property is the ability of a material to be able to heal damages automatically and autonomously. It has wide range of application from paint coating, anti-corrosion coating, space-shuttle material, construction (concrete), automotive, etc. Microcapsules containing reactive compound for use in self healing polymers are successfully fabricated via interfacial polymerization of polyurethane (PU). The possibility of glycerol as polyol monomer for polyurethane microcapsule shell in th...

  18. Biomimetic hydrophobic surface fabricated by chemical etching method from hierarchically structured magnesium alloy substrate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Yan; Yin, Xiaoming; Zhang, Jijia [Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), Jilin University, Changchun 130022 (China); Wang, Yaming [Institute for Advanced Ceramics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Han, Zhiwu, E-mail: zwhan@jlu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), Jilin University, Changchun 130022 (China); Ren, Luquan [Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), Jilin University, Changchun 130022 (China)

    2013-09-01

    As one of the lightest metal materials, magnesium alloy plays an important role in industry such as automobile, airplane and electronic product. However, magnesium alloy is hindered due to its high chemical activity and easily corroded. Here, inspired by typical plant surfaces such as lotus leaves and petals of red rose with super-hydrophobic character, the new hydrophobic surface is fabricated on magnesium alloy to improve anti-corrosion by two-step methodology. The procedure is that the samples are processed by laser first and then immersed and etched in the aqueous AgNO{sub 3} solution concentrations of 0.1 mol/L, 0.3 mol/L and 0.5 mol/L for different times of 15 s, 40 s and 60 s, respectively, finally modified by DTS (CH{sub 3}(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}Si(OCH{sub 3}){sub 3}). The microstructure, chemical composition, wettability and anti-corrosion are characterized by means of SEM, XPS, water contact angle measurement and electrochemical method. The hydrophobic surfaces with microscale crater-like and nanoscale flower-like binary structure are obtained. The low-energy material is contained in surface after DTS treatment. The contact angles could reach up to 138.4 ± 2°, which hydrophobic property is both related to the micro–nano binary structure and chemical composition. The results of electrochemical measurements show that anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is improved. Furthermore, our research is expected to create some ideas from natural enlightenment to improve anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy while this method can be easily extended to other metal materials.

  19. Effect of current density on the structure, composition and corrosion resistance of plasma electrolytic oxidation coatings on Mg-Li alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Zhijun [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, College of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China); Yuan, Yi, E-mail: yi.yuan@hrbeu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, College of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China); Jing, Xiaoyan [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, College of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China)

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The PEO coatings exhibit tunable characteristics by controlling the current density. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The coating formed at 5 A/dm{sup 2} exhibits the highest corrosion resistance. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Anti-corrosion properties of PEO coatings are related to coating surface composition. - Abstract: The effect of current density on the oxidation process, morphology, composition and anti-corrosion properties of coatings are elucidated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis of coatings show that coatings prepared at different current densities are composed of MgO and {gamma}-Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} and {alpha}-Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} phase. The chemical composition of PEO coatings varies from surface to the interior of the oxide coating. The PEO coatings exhibit tunable thickness, composition ratio, and porosity by controlling the current density, which ultimately affects film morphology and anti-corrosion properties. The superior corrosion resistance of coating obtained at 5 A/dm{sup 2} is attributed to the compactness of the barrier layer and the highest MgO/Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} ratio.

  20. Halloysite clay nanotubes for controlled release of protective agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lvov, Yuri M; Shchukin, Dmitry G; Möhwald, Helmuth; Price, Ronald R

    2008-05-01

    Halloysite aluminosilicate nanotubes with a 15 nm lumen, 50 nm external diameter, and length of 800 +/- 300 nm have been developed as an entrapment system for loading, storage, and controlled release of anticorrosion agents and biocides. Fundamental research to enable the control of release rates from hours to months is being undertaken. By variation of internal fluidic properties, the formation of nanoshells over the nanotubes and by creation of smart caps at the tube ends it is possible to develop further means of controlling the rate of release. Anticorrosive halloysite coatings are in development and a self-healing approach has been developed for repair mechanisms through response activation to external impacts. In this Perspective, applications of halloysite as nanometer-scale containers are discussed, including the use of halloysite tubes as drug releasing agents, as biomimetic reaction vessels, and as additives in biocide and protective coatings. Halloysite nanotubes are available in thousands of tons, and remain sophisticated and novel natural nanomaterials which can be used for the loading of agents for metal and plastic anticorrosion and biocide protection.

  1. Study on Scale and Corrosion Inhibition Performance of Composite Water Treatment Agent%复配型水处理剂的阻垢缓蚀性能初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩菊红

    2013-01-01

    采用静态阻垢法和旋转挂片失重法评定了在高浓度钙离子水系统中的水处理剂的阻垢性能和缓蚀性能,并研究了栲胶与水处理剂复配后水处理剂的阻垢缓蚀性能。结果表明,PBTCA具有广泛高效的阻垢性能,可忍受较高的Ca2+浓度。栲胶与PBTCA、HPMA复配后在阻垢性能上具有良好的协同效应,当栲胶与PBTCA配比为3∶1时,阻垢缓蚀性能最佳。%The anti scale and anticorrosion performances of water treatment reagent were accessed by the static method and rotary hanged weight loss method. The antis anti scale and anticorrosion performances of composite water treatment reagent of tannin acid with PBTCA and HPMA were studied. The results showed that PBTCA was more efficient even in high Ca2+concentration water system. In addition, there were synergistic effects between tannin acid and PBTCA. When the rate of tannin and PBTCA was 3∶1, it showed the best performance of anti scale and anticorrosion.

  2. An environmentally acceptable primer for galvanized steel: Formulation and evaluation by SVET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simoes, A.M.P., E-mail: alda.simoes@ist.utl.p [CIDEPINT - Centro de Investigacion y Desarrollo en Tecnologia de Pinturas (CIC-CONICET), Calle 52 e/121 y 122, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); TULisbon, Instituto Superior Tecnico, DEQB, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Carbonari, R.O.; Di Sarli, A.R.; Amo, B. del [CIDEPINT - Centro de Investigacion y Desarrollo en Tecnologia de Pinturas (CIC-CONICET), Calle 52 e/121 y 122, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); TULisbon, Instituto Superior Tecnico, DEQB, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Romagnoli, R., E-mail: estelectro@cidepint.gov.a [CIDEPINT - Centro de Investigacion y Desarrollo en Tecnologia de Pinturas (CIC-CONICET), Calle 52 e/121 y 122, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); TULisbon, Instituto Superior Tecnico, DEQB, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

    2011-01-15

    Research highlights: {yields} Chromates can be replaced successfully by aluminium phosphosilicate in paint systems. {yields} The solvents of the primer are eco-friendly ones. {yields} The primer adheres on galvanized steel and allows top-coating. {yields} The binder of the primer is compatible with other binders for top-coating. - Abstract: The object of this paper was to formulate a two-pack wash primer employing aluminium phosphosilicate as active anticorrosive pigment instead of basic zinc chromate. The anticorrosive action of the primer was evaluated by the polarization technique and the scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET). The exposed surface was then examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the surface composition determined by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. The primer was finally integrated in a complete paint scheme whose anticorrosive performance was evaluated by the salt spray chamber and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The adhesion of the primer plus a painting system was also evaluated by standard ASTM D 3359-90 test method. The wash primer pigmented with zinc chromate was used as reference. Results indicated that basic zinc chromate could be replaced by the more eco-friendly wash-primer containing aluminium phosphosilicate.

  3. Effect of current density on the structure, composition and corrosion resistance of plasma electrolytic oxidation coatings on Mg–Li alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► The PEO coatings exhibit tunable characteristics by controlling the current density. ► The coating formed at 5 A/dm2 exhibits the highest corrosion resistance. ► Anti-corrosion properties of PEO coatings are related to coating surface composition. - Abstract: The effect of current density on the oxidation process, morphology, composition and anti-corrosion properties of coatings are elucidated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis of coatings show that coatings prepared at different current densities are composed of MgO and γ-Mg2SiO4 and α-Mg2SiO4 phase. The chemical composition of PEO coatings varies from surface to the interior of the oxide coating. The PEO coatings exhibit tunable thickness, composition ratio, and porosity by controlling the current density, which ultimately affects film morphology and anti-corrosion properties. The superior corrosion resistance of coating obtained at 5 A/dm2 is attributed to the compactness of the barrier layer and the highest MgO/Mg2SiO4 ratio.

  4. Silica doped with lanthanum sol-gel thin films for corrosion protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abuin, M. [Department of Materials Physics, Complutense University at Madrid, Avda. Complutense sn, 28004 Madrid (Spain); Serrano, A. [Glass and Ceramic Institute, CSIC, C. Kelsen 5, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Llopis, J. [Department of Materials Physics, Complutense University at Madrid, Avda. Complutense sn, 28004 Madrid (Spain); Garcia, M.A. [Glass and Ceramic Institute, CSIC, C. Kelsen 5, 28049 Madrid (Spain); IMDEA Nanoscience, Fco. Tomas y Valiente 7, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Carmona, N., E-mail: n.carmona@fis.ucm.es [Department of Materials Physics, Complutense University at Madrid, Avda. Complutense sn, 28004 Madrid (Spain)

    2012-06-01

    We present here anticorrosive silica coatings doped with lanthanum ions for the protection of metallic surfaces as an alternative to chromate (VI)-based conversion coatings. The coatings were synthesized by the sol-gel method starting from silicon alkoxides and two different lanthanum precursors: La (III) acetate hydrate and La (III) isopropoxide. Artificial corrosion tests in acid and alkaline media showed their effectiveness for the corrosion protection of AA2024 aluminum alloy sheets for coating prepared with both precursors. The X-ray absorption Near Edge Structure and X-ray Absorption Fine Structure analysis of the coatings confirmed the key role of lanthanum in the structural properties of the coating determining its anticorrosive properties. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Silica sol-gel films doped with lanthanum ions were synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Films from lanthanum-acetate and La-alkoxide were prepared for comparison purposes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer La-acetate is an affordable chemical reactive preferred for the industry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Films properties were explored by scanning electron microscopy and X-Ray absorption spectroscopy. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An alternative to anticorrosive pre-treatments for metallic surfaces is suggested.

  5. The effect of polymer morphology on the performance of a corrosion inhibiting polypyrrole/aluminum flake composite pigment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two different morphologies of polypyrrole (PPy) aluminum flake composites, namely spherical PPy/Al flake composites and wire PPy/Al flake composites, were synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization. These composites were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), four point probe conductivity, conductive atomic force microscopy (C-AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). These composites were incorporated into an epoxy primer and coatings were applied on an aluminum alloy (AA 2024-T3) substrate. The coatings were exposed to salt spray according to ASTM B117 and prohesion conditions according to ASTM G85-A5. The corrosion resistance properties were monitored via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The current produced by corrosion reactions on the surface of the substrate was mapped using the scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET). Galvanic coupling experiments were performed for measurement of galvanic current and mixed potential in controlled environment. It was observed that the morphology of PPy on the surface of aluminum flake has an effect on the conductivity and anticorrosion performance of the pigment. The wire PPy/Al flake composite coatings exhibited better anticorrosion performance than the spherical PPy/Al flake composite coatings and as received aluminum flake coatings. The enhancement in anticorrosion performance was attributed to the unique morphology and electrochemical activity of the PPy on the surface of aluminum flakes. It was also revealed that the wire PPy/Al flake composite coating was sacrificially protecting the AA 2024-T3 substrate in larger defects

  6. Interfacial modification of clay nanotubes for the sustained release of corrosion inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Anupam; Abdullayev, Elshad; Vasiliev, Alexandre; Volkova, Olga; Lvov, Yuri

    2013-06-18

    Long-lasting anticorrosive coatings for steel have been developed on the basis of halloysite nanotubes loaded with three corrosion inhibitors: benzotriazole, mercaptobenzothiazole, and mercaptobenzimidazole. The inhibitors' loaded tubes were admixed at 5-10 wt % to oil-based alkyd paint providing sustained agent release and corrosion healing in the coating defects. The slow 20-30 h release of the inhibitors at defect points caused a remarkable improvement in the anticorrosion efficiency of the coatings. Further time expansion of anticorrosion agent release has been achieved by the formation of release stoppers at nanotube ends with urea-formaldehyde copolymer and copper-inhibitor complexation. The corrosion protection efficiency was tested on ASTM A366 steel plates in a 0.5 M NaCl solution with the microscanning of corrosion current development by microscopy inspection and studying paint adhesion. The best protection was found using halloysite/mercaptobenzimidazole and benzotriazole inhibitors. Stopper formation with urea-formaldehyde copolymer provided an additional increase in corrosion efficiency as a result of the longer release of inhibitors.

  7. Studies on electrodeposition and characterization of the Ni–W–Fe alloys coatings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Aldrighi Luiz M.; Costa, Josiane D.; Sousa, Mikarla B. de; Alves, José Jailson N. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Campina Grande, Av. Aprígio Veloso, 882, 58429-970 Campina Grande (Brazil); Campos, Ana Regina N.; Santana, Renato Alexandre C. [Department of Education, Federal University of Campina Grande, R. Olho da Água da Bica, S. N., 58175-000 Cuité-Pb (Brazil); Prasad, Shiva, E-mail: prasad@deq.ufcg.edu.br [Department of Education, Federal University of Campina Grande, R. Olho da Água da Bica, S. N., 58175-000 Cuité-Pb (Brazil)

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: • Ni–W–Fe alloy resistant to corrosion has been obtained by electrodeposition. • Optimal temperature and current density for Ni–W–Fe alloy electrodeposition has been found. • Experimental design has been used as optimization tool. • Amorphous Ni–W–Fe alloy has been obtained. - Abstract: Corrosion has been responsible for industrial maintenance cost as well as for industrial accidents. A key to prevent corrosion is to develop advanced materials with highly anti-corrosive properties. The electrodeposition has been one of the most important techniques for obtaining these materials. The objective of this work is to develop and optimize the parameters to obtain a new Ni–W–Fe alloy with high resistance to corrosion. A factorial design 2{sup 2} with 2 center points was used to find the optimal current density and bath temperature for Ni–W–Fe electrodeposition. The influence of such variables on the cathodic current efficiency and polarization resistance were obtained. The alloys obtained with the highest current density (125 mA/cm{sup 2}) and the highest bath temperature (70 °C) had the best anticorrosive properties, which are superior to anticorrosive properties of Ni–W–Fe available in the literature. The obtained alloys had the highest tungsten content compared with other alloys studied of about 46 wt.%. The highest cathodic current efficiency was 34% for the alloy with a chemical composition of 3 wt.% Fe, 29 wt.% W and 68 wt.% Ni.

  8. Enhancement of the corrosion protection of electroless Ni–P coating by deposition of sonosynthesized ZnO nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharifalhoseini, Zahra [Sonochemical Research Center, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 91779 Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Entezari, Mohammad H., E-mail: entezari@um.ac.ir [Sonochemical Research Center, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 91779 Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Environmental Chemistry Research Center, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 91779 Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-10-01

    Graphical abstract: Enhancement of the corrosion protection of electroless Ni–P layer by ZnO nanoparticles deposition and the comparison with the classical and sonochemical Ni–P coatings. - Highlights: • Unique effects of ultrasound were investigated on the anticorrosive performance of electroless Ni–P coating. • Sonoynthesis of ZnO NPs and its deposition were performed on the surface of Ni–P coating. • ZnO as an anticorrosive has a critical role in the multifunctional surfaces. • Electrochemical properties of all fabricated samples were compared with each other. - Abstract: Ni–P coatings were deposited through electroless nickel plating in the presence and absence of ultrasound. The simultaneous synthesis of ZnO nanoparticle and its deposition under ultrasound were also carried out on the surface of Ni–P layer prepared by the classical method. The morphology of the surfaces and the chemical composition were determined by scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. Electrochemical techniques were applied for the corrosion behavior studies. The Ni–P layer deposited by ultrasound showed a higher anticorrosive property than the layer deposited by the classical method. The ZnO nanoparticles deposited on the surface of Ni–P layer significantly improved the corrosion resistance.

  9. IMPROVEMENT OF CORROSION PROTECTION OF PETROLEUM FACILITIES BY THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW HIGH-POTENTIAL COATING

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allaoua-Nazef, M.; Daouadji, M.

    2007-07-01

    Corrosion affects many oil and gas facilities. It is the principal cause of leaks of products and rupture of storage tanks and pipelines, resulting sometimes in catastrophic damages (human damages, pollution of the natural environment, additional costs for repair, prolonged stop of pumping). Growing environmental concerns regarding the use of heavy metals in anti-corrosion coating formulations led to a new coating strategy using intrinsically conducting polymers (ICPs) as key components. (ICPs) as a new materials class provides a unique set of new properties and coatings based on these polymers are able to meet high demands and are outperforming even the best conventional anti-corrosion coating systems. This new generation of high-potential coatings can provide a significant cost reduction for the oil and gas industry, due to the specific properties of the ICPs which can work indefinitely as a redox catalysts and provide continuous protection as long as the mechanical integrity of the polymer films remains intact. Our paper focuses on the development of a nonconventional coating based on a specific conducting polymer which is never used before in any coating formulations. The developed coating is able to provide high anticorrosion performances with safety, environmental benefits and costs reduction. (auth)

  10. Preparation and Performance of Rare Earths Chemical Conversion Film on Magnesium Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Golden yellow cerium conversion film was obtained on magnesium alloys surface by immersion method and the preparation parameters were established. The influence of different process parameters on the surface morphology and performance of the conversion film were analyzed by means of SEM and electrochemical method. Formation dynamics about cerium conversion film on magnesium alloy in solution containing cerium salt and the anti-corrosion behavior of the conversion film in 3.5% NaCl solution were studied by electrochemical method respectively. The results shows that the conversion film is more compact at room temperature when concentration of cerium sulfate is 10 g·L-1 in the solution; the open circuit potential of the magnesium sample moves up to positive direction about 100 mV, the surface of conversion film becomes even and lustrous, and the adhesion intensity of conversion film increases when adding aluminum nitrate into the solution containing cerium salt. The pH value of the solution and immersion time of the sample in the solution also affect the surface morphology and anti-corrosion property of the conversion film. After covered by rare earths conversion film, the anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is obviously improved. Rare earth conversion film has self-repairing capability in corrosion medium.

  11. Preparation and Application of Crosslinked Poly(sodium acrylate-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles as Corrosion Inhibitors for Carbon Steel Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman M. Atta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a new method to prepare poly(sodium acrylate magnetite composite nanoparticles. Core/shell type magnetite nanocomposites were synthesized using sodium acrylate as monomer and N,N-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA as crosslinker. Microemulsion polymerization was used for constructing core/shell structures with magnetite nanoparticles as core and poly(sodium acrylate as shell. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR was employed to characterize the nanocomposite chemical structure. Transmittance electron microscopy (TEM was used to examine the morphology of the modified poly(sodium acrylate magnetite composite nanoparticles. These particle will be evaluated for effective anticorrosion behavior as a hydrophobic surface on stainless steel. The composite nanoparticles has been designed by dispersing nanocomposites which act as a corrosion inhibitor. The inhibition effect of AA-Na/magnetite composites on steel corrosion in 1 M HCl solution was investigated using potentiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS. Polarization measurements indicated that the studied inhibitor acts as mixed type corrosion inhibitor. EIS spectra exhibit one capacitive loop. The different techniques confirmed that the inhibition efficiency reaches 99% at 50 ppm concentration. This study has led to a better understanding of active anticorrosive magnetite nanoparticles with embedded nanocomposites and the factors influencing their anticorrosion performance.

  12. Preparation and application of crosslinked poly(sodium acrylate)--coated magnetite nanoparticles as corrosion inhibitors for carbon steel alloy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atta, Ayman M; El-Mahdy, Gamal A; Al-Lohedan, Hamad A; El-Saeed, Ashraf M

    2015-01-14

    This work presents a new method to prepare poly(sodium acrylate) magnetite composite nanoparticles. Core/shell type magnetite nanocomposites were synthesized using sodium acrylate as monomer and N,N-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) as crosslinker. Microemulsion polymerization was used for constructing core/shell structures with magnetite nanoparticles as core and poly(sodium acrylate) as shell. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was employed to characterize the nanocomposite chemical structure. Transmittance electron microscopy (TEM) was used to examine the morphology of the modified poly(sodium acrylate) magnetite composite nanoparticles. These particle will be evaluated for effective anticorrosion behavior as a hydrophobic surface on stainless steel. The composite nanoparticles has been designed by dispersing nanocomposites which act as a corrosion inhibitor. The inhibition effect of AA-Na/magnetite composites on steel corrosion in 1 M HCl solution was investigated using potentiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Polarization measurements indicated that the studied inhibitor acts as mixed type corrosion inhibitor. EIS spectra exhibit one capacitive loop. The different techniques confirmed that the inhibition efficiency reaches 99% at 50 ppm concentration. This study has led to a better understanding of active anticorrosive magnetite nanoparticles with embedded nanocomposites and the factors influencing their anticorrosion performance.

  13. 污水罐的腐蚀原因及其防护措施%Causes Leading to Corrosion of Wastewater Tank and Protection Measure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱吉新

    2009-01-01

    炼油厂污水因为含有Cl-,NH3,CN-,S2-和酚类等强腐蚀介质,短时间内就能致使污水罐常规防腐蚀涂层起泡、剥落失效,最终导致罐体穿孔泄露.经现场多种涂料挂片试验筛选,采用WF40含硫污水介质专用防腐蚀涂料对腐蚀介质有很好的防护作用,从2004年使用至今,罐体运行正常,使用效果良好.%Wastewater at oil-refining plants contains strong corrosive media such as Cl-, NH3, CN-, S2- , and phe-nols, which lead to blistering and peeling-off of conventional an-ticorrosive coatings for wastewater tank and even cause leaking of the tank. Thus coupon-suspension field tests were carried out for various paintings and coatings so as to screen those suitable to the anticorrosive protection of the wastewater tank. It was found that WF40 special anticorrosion painting applicable to S- containing wastewater was able to effectively protect the wastewater tank. Since it was put into use in 2004, the wastewater tank has been running well, indicating that the painting is indeed effective for preventing the wastewater lank from corrosion by wastewater con-taining Cl-, NH3, CN- , S2- , and phenols.

  14. Advances in the research of nitrogen containing stainless steels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The current status of nitrogen containing stainless steels at home and aboard has been introduced. The function and existing forms of nitrogen in the stainless steels, influence of nitrogen on mechanical properties and anti-corrosion properties as well as the application of nitrogen containing cast stainless steels were discussed in this paper. It is clear that nitrogen will be a potential and important alloying element in stainless steels. And Argon Oxygen Decarbonization (AOD) refining can provide an advanced manufacture process for nitrogen containing stainless steels with ultra-low- carbon and high cleanliness.

  15. Effect of PEO-modes on the electrochemical and mechanical properties of coatings on MA8 magnesium alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidorova, M. V.; Sinebrukhov, S. L.; Khrisanfova, O. A.; Gnedenkov, S. V.

    Protective surface layers with a high corrosion stability and significant microhardness as compared to the substrate material were obtained on MA8 magnesium alloy by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (PEO) in a silicate-fluoride electrolyte. The phase and elemental composition of the coatings were investigated. It was found that the application of the bipolar PEO-modes enables one to synthesize on the alloy's surface a high-temperature phase of magnesium silicate, forsterite (Mg2SiO4) having a good anticorrosion and mechanical properties.

  16. Cyclotriphosphazene and TiO2 reinforced nanocomposite coated on mild steel plates for antibacterial and corrosion resistance applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnadevi, Krishnamoorthy; Selvaraj, Vaithilingam

    2016-03-01

    The mild steel surface has been modified to impart anticorrosion and antibacterial properties through a dip coating method followed by thermal curing of a mixture containing amine terminated cyclotriphosphazene and functionalized titanium dioxide nanoparticles reinforced benzoxazine based cyanate ester composite (ATCP/FTiO2/Bz-CE). The corrosion resistance behavior of coating material has been investigated by electrochemical and antibacterial studies by disc diffusion method. The nanocomposites coated mild steels have displayed a good chemical stability over long immersion in a corrosive environment. The protection efficiency has found to be high for ATCP/FTiO2/Bz-CE composites, which can be used in microelectronics and marine applications.

  17. Mechanical characteristics of fused cast basalt tube encased in steel pipe for protecting steel surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jee-Seok WANG; Jong-Do KIM; Hee-Jong YOON

    2009-01-01

    Because of the various excellent characteristics of cast basalt materials, such as, anti-corrosion, anti-wearing, good hardness, high chemical stability, of which steel may not possess, the steel-basalt composite pipes are used in severe environments for compensating the defects of steel. The limit of bending moment with which steel-basalt composite pipe may safely endure was calculated and the limit curvature of the composite pipe in the safe range was presented. The application temperature of steel-basalt pipe was examined due to a different coefficient among basalt, mortar and mild steel.

  18. Development of 36-V valve-regulated lead-acid battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohmae, T.; Hayashi, T.; Inoue, N.

    A 36-V valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery used in a 42-V power system has been developed for the Toyota Hybrid System-Mild (THS-M) vehicle to meet the large electrical power requirements of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and the increasing power demands on modern automobile electrical systems. The battery has a longer cycle-life in HEV use through the application of ultra high-density active-material and an anti-corrosive grid alloy for the positive plates, special additives for the negative plates, and absorbent glass mat with less contraction for the separators.

  19. A new high strength stainless maraging spring steel with isotropic shaping capability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, H.R. [VACUUMSCHMELZE GmbH+Co. KG, Hanau (Germany)

    2001-09-01

    The production of complex shapes coupled with the demand for maximum final strength is called for by many design engineers in the fields of components, springs or elements for control technology, pneumatics, and hydraulics in order to meet the increasing trend to miniaturization and reducing the number of parts. A new FeNiCoMo-based maraging steel succeeds in combining the maximum strengths and isotropic shaping capability of non-stainless maraging steels with the anti-corrosive properties of austenitic CrNi steels. (orig.)

  20. Photocured epoxy/graphene nanocomposites with enhanced water vapor barrier properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Periolatto, M.; Sangermano, M.; Spena, P. Russo

    2016-05-01

    A transparent, water vapor barrier film made of an epoxy resin and graphene oxide (GO) was synthesized by photopolymerization process. The epoxy/GO film with just 0.05 wt% GO gives a 93% WVTR reduction with respect to the pristine polymer, reaching barrier properties better than other polymer composites containing higher amounts of graphene. The excellent water vapor barrier is attributed to the good dispersion of GO in the polymer matrix. Moreover, GO significantly enhances the toughness and the damping capacity of the epoxy resins. The hybrid film can have potential applications in anticorrosive coatings, electronic devices, pharmaceuticals and food packaging.

  1. Effect of vapor phase corrosion inhibitor on microbial corrosion of aluminum alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, S S; Ku, C H; Bor, H J; Lin, Y T

    1996-02-01

    Vapor phase corrosion inhibitors were used to investigate the antimicrobial activities and anticorrosion of aluminum alloy. Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. versicolor, Chaetomium globosum and Penicillium funiculosum had moderate to abundant growth on the aluminum alloy AA 1100 at Aw 0.901, while there was less growth at Aw 0.842. High humidity stimulated microbial growth and induced microbial corrosion. Dicyclohexylammonium carbonate had a high inhibitory effect on the growth of test fungi and the microbial corrosion of aluminum alloy, dicyclohexylammonium caprate and dicyclohexylammonium stearate were the next. Aluminum alloy coating with vapor phase corrosion inhibitor could prevent microbial growth and retard microbial corrosion. PMID:10592784

  2. Coatings against corrosion and microbial adhesion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Telegdi, J.; Szabo, T.; Al-Taher, F.; Pfeifer, E.; Kuzmann, E.; Vertes, A. [Chemical Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1025 Budapest, Pusztaszeri ut 59/67 (Hungary)

    2010-12-15

    A systematic study on anti-corrosion and anti-fouling effect of hydrophobic Langmuir-Blodgett and self-assembled molecular layers deposited on metal surfaces, as well as anti-microbial adhesion properties of coatings with biocide is presented. Both types of efficiencies produced by LB films are enhanced by Fe{sup 3+} ions built in the molecular film. The quaternary ammonium type biocide embedded into the cross-linked gelatin decreased significantly the microbial adhesion, the biofilm formation. (Copyright copyright 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  3. ENERGY PECULIAR FEATURES PERTAINING TO NANO- TECHNOLOGY OF COATING DEPOSITION USING MIXED MATRICES FOR AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ivashko

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A systematic analysis of factors that influence on the processes of  protective coating formation based on mixed matrices has been presented in the paper. The paper demonstrates a significant role of energy parameters of modifier drop-phase dispersed particles formed in the process of pneumatic spraying  and surface layer of a metal substrate on the mechanisms pertaining to formation of coating structure with optimal characteristics. Compositions of anticorrosive and tribological coatings for application in the designs of higher resource automotive components  have been proposed in the paper.

  4. Preparation of High Performance Non-dispersible Concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Cong-sheng; LU Lin-nu; GUAN Shao-bo; DING Qing-jun; HU Shu-guang

    2004-01-01

    A new-type underwater non-dispersible concrete admixture NDA was prepared,its function mechanism was analyzed,and C40 high performance non-dispersible underwater concrete was manufactured by applying NDA.The results indicate that NDA has a suitable workability,low strength loss,and excellent anti-dispersion;the fresh non-dispersible underwater concrete with NDA has high anti-dispersion,excellent workability such as self-compacting and not bleeding;hardened non-dispersible underwater concrete with NDA has a high strength,high durability such as high anti-abrasion,impermeability and anticorrosion.

  5. Science and Technology of China Onshore Petroleum Industry Towards 21st Century (Part 4)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Chengde; Liu Bingyi; Gao Chao

    1996-01-01

    @@ V. Oil/Gas Field Construction and Oil/Gas Storage and Transportation Techniques The surface engineering construction of oil and gas fields in China has made great progress in various respects of technology, such as oil and gas gathering and transferring,water injection, treating technology and equipment for oil,gas and water, automation of oil/gas field, techniques of surface engineering for special oil and gas reservoirs,sulfur-resistant and anti-corrosion techniques for recovery and gathering of sour gas field.

  6. Examining the Abrasion Behaviour of PA 66 Gears in Different Cycles

    OpenAIRE

    Rifat Yakut; Hayrettin Düzcükoglu

    2014-01-01

    Gears made of plastic-based materials are anticorrosive, resistant to magnetic environments, and light and have pulse decay, low noise, and self-lubrication properties, and therefore their usage areas are widening every single day. In this experiment, the working conditions of 30% fibreglass PA 66 (PA 66 GFR 30) plastic material with PA 66 (PA 66 GFR 30) plastic material and AISI 8620 couple gear are observed. Usage of PA 66 GFR 30 material as gear material at 56.75 Nm constant load and 750 r...

  7. Experimental Study of Surface Detection of Gas Pipeline Buried in Soil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Pipeline is a key segment in the transportation of city gas and its safety affects the safety of industrial and domestic application. The characteristics of Shi Dongkou east gas steel pipeline buried in soil were discussed and its parameters related to safety were measured, including the state of anticorrosive layer, the soil resistivity,the natural potential and the protective potential of gas pipeline. The experimental results were confirmed by excavating, which are of value to the knowledge of the gas pipeline buried in soil in Shanghai. The experimental data were analyzed which provide the scientific basis for the assurance of the gas pipeline safety and the reparation of anticorrosivelayer.

  8. A new type counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI WeiWei; CAI Ning; ZHAO Ying; ZHANG XiaoDan; SUN Jian; WEI ChangChun; YUAN CunDa; LI Yuan; SU Yan; XIONG ShaoZhen

    2009-01-01

    A new type counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) was proposed which consists of aubstrate, aluminum film and platinum film. The new type counter electrode can obviously improve the photoelectric conversion efficiency of DSCs from 3.46% to 7.07% under the standard AM1.5 irradiation condition. Advantages and shortcomings of this new type counter electrode in terms of electrical properties, optical properties and anti-corrosive properties were analyzed. As a result, some improvements were proposed.

  9. 用PTA废料和重芳烃合成防腐抗静电油罐涂料%ANTI-CORROSION AND ANTI-STATIC PAINT FOR OIL TANK SYNTHESIZED BY PTA WASTE AND HEAVY AROMATIC COMPOUNDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    展江宏

    2001-01-01

    介绍了用PTA(对苯二甲酸)废料合成聚酯树脂、重芳烃为溶剂、聚氨酯为固化剂的防腐抗静电涂料的工艺和涂料的性能,以及该涂料的应用前景。%Process,performance and application prospect of anti-corrosion and anti-static paint including polyester resin from PTA,heavy aromatic solvent and polyurethane solidifier are described。

  10. Coating for the fixation of superficial contamination of materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Low cost, commercially available and easy to apply coatings are examined to prevent metal corrosion and to limit cement dust formation during power reactor dismantling. Epoxy compounds are selected because of anticorrosive properties, ease of application on any support, even without preparation and they are efficient for 1 to 5 years. Containment and radiation resistance up to 600 Mrads are studied on samples coated with one or two layers. For application the airless system is the more appropriate. An equipment is concerned and for highly radioactive environment automation and remote operation with a modified commercial robot is studied

  11. STUDIES ON THE INHIBITIVE EFFECT OF DATURA STRAMONIUM EXTRACT ON THE ACID CORROSION OF MILD STEEL

    OpenAIRE

    PANDIAN BOTHI RAJA; MATHUR GOPALAKRISHNAN SETHURAMAN

    2007-01-01

    The extract of Datura stramonium has been studied as a possible source of green inhibitor for corrosion of mild steel (MS) in HCl and H2SO4 media at different temperatures. The anticorrosion effect was evaluated by conventional weight loss studies, electrochemical studies viz., Tafel polarization, ac impedance, and SEM studies. The studies reveal that the plant extract acts as a good inhibitor in both the acid media and better in H2SO4 medium. Tafel polarization method indicate that the plant...

  12. A new type counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    A new type counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) was proposed which consists of substrate, aluminum film and platinum film. The new type counter electrode can obviously improve the photoelectric conversion efficiency of DSCs from 3.46% to 7.07% under the standard AM1.5 irradiation condition. Advantages and shortcomings of this new type counter electrode in terms of electrical properties, optical properties and anti-corrosive properties were analyzed. As a result, some improvements were proposed.

  13. Rare earth and silane as chromate replacers for corrosion protection on galvanized steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Tianlan; MAN Ruilin

    2009-01-01

    The present work aimed at using rare earth lanthanum salt and trimethoxy(viny)silance as chromate substitutes for galvanized steel passivation, in contrast to zinc coating samples treated with chromate. The corrosion resistance was assessed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and neutral salt spray tests (NSS). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize the sample surfaces. The organic coating adhesion on the panel was also investigated via varnishes-cross cut tests. The results indicated that rare earth and silane two-step treatment gave more effective anticorrosion performance than Cr, which also provided good paint adhesion. The coating formation mechanism was also discussed.

  14. Production of Aluminum Dihydrogen Tripolyphosphate and Its Application in Coatings%三聚磷酸二氢铝的生产及其在涂料中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亨

    2013-01-01

    介绍了三聚磷酸二氢铝的理化性质、发展现状及生产方法。综述了国内三聚磷酸二氢铝的粉体化、表面改性及防腐涂料应用研究情况。%Physicochemical properties, development status and production method process of aluminum dihydrogen tripolyphosphate were introduced. Research progress of powder, surface modification and application in anti-corrosive paint of aluminum dihydrogen tripolyphosphate in domestic were summarized.

  15. Formation of Surface Corrosion-Resistant Nanocrystalline Structures on Steel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nykyforchyn, Hryhoriy; Kyryliv, Volodymyr; Maksymiv, Olha; Slobodyan, Zvenomyra; Tsyrulnyk, Oleksandr

    2016-12-01

    Engineering materials with nanocrystalline structure could be exploited under simultaneous action of mechanical loading and corrosion environments; therefore, their corrosion resistance is important. Surface nanocrystalline structure was generated on middle carbon steels by severe plastic deformation using the method of mechanical pulse friction treatment. This treatment additionally includes high temperature phase transformation and alloying. Using a complex of the corrosive, electrochemical and physical investigations, it was established that nanocrystalline structures can be characterized by lower or increased corrosion resistance in comparison with the reference material. It is caused by the action of two confronting factors: arising energy level and anticorrosive alloying of the surface layer. PMID:26831689

  16. Superhydrophobic Materials Technology-PVC Bonding Techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunter, Scott R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Efird, Marty [VeloxFlow, LLC

    2013-05-03

    The purpose of the technology maturation project was to develop an enhanced application technique for applying diatomaceous earth with pinned polysiloxane oil to PVC pipes and materials. The oil infiltration technique is applied as a spray of diluted oil in a solvent onto the superhydrophobic diatomaceous earth substrate. This makes the surface take on the following characteristics: wet-cleanable; anti-biofouling; waterproof; and anti-corrosion. The project involved obtaining input and supplies from VeloxFlow and the development of successful techniques that would quickly result in a commercial license agreement with VeloxFlow and other companies that use PVC materials in a variety of other fields of use.

  17. The building part of main production units of the Temelin nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceedings contain 17 papers; 16 have been inputted in INIS. They concern problems encountered in the preparation of the Temelin nuclear power plant construction, mainly those related to concreting jobs, experience with quality testing and assurance of concrete mixes and of concrete parts of buildings. Experience is reported with concreting massive foundation slabs, temperature stress calculation in concrete structures, and reinforcement work. Several papers are devoted to the organization of preparatory work on the site and to concrete plant operation, one paper discusses the methodology of tests of the geometric parameters of buildings, and one is devoted to anticorrosion surface paints. (M.D.). l tab., 48 figs., 23 refs

  18. Corrosion and optimum corrosion protection potential offriction stir welded 5083-O Al alloy for leisure ship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sung-Hyeon PARK; Jong-Shin KIM; Min-Su HAN; Seong-Jong KIM

    2009-01-01

    Electrochemical tests were undertaken to determine the optimum conditions in seawater for corrosion protection of friction stir-welded 5083-O Al alloy. Polarization trend observations show that the limiting potential that avoids the effects of hydrogen embrittlement is -1.6 V, corresponding to the crossover point between concentration polarization and activation polarization. However, the optimum protection potential is between -1.5 and -0.7 V since the current density at these values is low in the potentiostatic tests. When a galvanic cell is formed in the seawater, the welds exhibit electrochemically stable trends. Welded parts in galvanic tests with various area ratios are stable and have excellent anticorrosion characteristics.

  19. 渗氮

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    [篇名 ] Activated Migration Sintering,[ 篇名] Activation of steel surfaces by oxynitriding,[ 篇名 ] Active screen plasma nitriding technology,[ 篇名 ] Advanced Plasma Nitriding for Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys,[篇名] An anti-corrosion and wear-resisting compounding nitrided layer on precise pressed parts of soft steels,[ 篇名] An experimental study to correlate water jet impingement erosion resistance and properties of metallic materials and coatings,[篇名] An Influence of Son Bombarding on the Effects of Nitriding in D. C. Glow Discharge Plasma。

  20. Effect of lanthanum addition on microstructure and corrosion behavior of AI-Sn-Bi anodes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Delong; LI Defu; HAN Li; JI Lianqin

    2011-01-01

    Novel Al-Sn-Bi anodes with and without lanthanum (La) were prepared. To evaluate the corrosion properties of the anodes, constant current and dynamic loop tests were carried out to determine its efficiency and corrosion rote. Optical microscopy (OM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy spectrum analysis techniques were used to examine and analyze microstructure and corrosion behavior of the specimens. The result showed that the Al-Sn-Bi anodes with La additions revealed higher current efficiency and anticorrosion in artificial environment. Segregation phase of anodes with La additions got more homogenous than that without La additions. Its grains were fined and the amount of segregation Fe-phase was reduced.

  1. Alkylphenol derivatives of the polymer of thiocyanic acid and 5-amino-1,2,4-dithiazole-3-thione as an effective additives to fuels and lubricants

    OpenAIRE

    Vasylkevych, Oleksandr; Kofanova, Olena; Tkachuk, Kostyantyn; Kofanov, Oleksii

    2016-01-01

    For ensuring the operation of the mechanisms at high temperatures and pressures, it is necessary to use both stable base oils and effective additives in the composition of the lubricants. In the research, antioxidative and anticorrosive properties were identified in the oils of the condensation products of the alkylphenols with paraformaldehyde and thiocyanic acid polymer. The condensation products of the 5­amino­1,2,4­dithiazole­3­thione (Xanthane Hydride) with the 2,6­di­tert­Butylphenol an...

  2. Biossurfactantes: propriedades anticorrosivas, antibiofilmes e antimicrobianas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Vieira de Araujo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the importance of biofilms in the food industry, new products are being developed to enhance the efficiency of cleaning food-contact surfaces. Biosurfactants could be an alternative to synthetic products. The major advantages of biosurfactants over synthetic detergents are their low toxicity and highly biodegradable nature. Biosurfactants may also exhibit antimicrobial, anti-adhesive and anticorrosive activity concomitantly. In this review, we emphasize the potential application of biosurfactants as surface coating agents to prevent corrosion and decrease planktonic and sessile microbial growth.

  3. Program for fundamental and applied research of fuel cells in VNIIEF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anisin, A.V.; Borisseonock, V.A.; Novitskii, Y.Z.; Potyomckin, G.A.

    1996-04-01

    According to VNIIEF the integral part of development of fuel cell power plants is fundamental and applied research. This paper describes areas of research on molten carbonate fuel cells. Topics include the development of mathematical models for porous electrodes, thin film electrolytes, the possibility of solid nickel anodes, model of activation polarization of anode, electrolyte with high solubility of oxygen. Other areas include research on a stationary mode of stack operation, anticorrosion coatings, impedance diagnostic methods, ultrasound diagnostics, radiation treatments, an air aluminium cell, and alternative catalysts for low temperature fuel cells.

  4. Theoretical and Experimental Study of Bimetal-Pipe Hydroforming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezhi, Zeng; Kuanhai, Deng; Taihe, Shi; Yuanhua, Lin; Hongjun, Zhu; Tianlei, Li; Yongxing, Sun

    2014-12-01

    The corrosion of oil country tubular goods (OCTG) gets more and more serious especially in the acidic environment. So, it is very important to develop a perfect anticorrosion technology for exploring sour oil and gas fields economically and safely. Analysis indicates that the bimetal-pipe (BP) which consists of the base layer of low carbon steel and a corrosion resistant alloy (CRA) cladding layer is an economic and reliable anticorrosion technology and has broad application prospects in the transportation of acid medium. However, theoretical study of hydraulic expansion mechanism for BP is not enough. In this paper, the deformation compatibility condition of BP was obtained by studying the deformation rule of the (CRA) liner and the outer pipe of carbon steel in the forming process; the mechanical model which can compute the hydroforming pressure of BP has been established based on the nonlinear kinematic hardening characteristics of material; furthermore, based on the stress strain curve of inner pipe simultaneously, the calculation method of the plastic hardening stress has been proposed. Thus, the accurate method for computing the forming pressure was obtained. The experimental data show that results are consistent with results of the proposed model. It indicates that the model can be used to provide theoretical guidance for the design and production as well as use of BP. PMID:25349461

  5. Hybrid organic-inorganic coatings including nanocontainers for corrosion protection of magnesium alloy ZK30

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kartsonakis, I. A., E-mail: ikartsonakis@ims.demokritos.gr [IAMPPNM, NCSR ' DEMOKRITOS' , Sol-Gel Laboratory (Greece); Koumoulos, E. P.; Charitidis, C. A., E-mail: charitidis@chemeng.ntua.gr [School of Chemical Engineering NTUA (Greece); Kordas, G. [IAMPPNM, NCSR ' DEMOKRITOS' , Sol-Gel Laboratory (Greece)

    2013-08-15

    This study is focused on the fabrication, characterization, and application of corrosion protective coatings to magnesium alloy ZK30. Hybrid organic-inorganic coatings were synthesized using organic-modified silicates together with resins based on bisphenol A diglycidyl ether. Cerium molybdate nanocontainers (ncs) with diameter 100 {+-} 20 nm were loaded with corrosion inhibitor 2-mercaptobenzothiazole and incorporated into the coatings in order to improve their anticorrosion properties. The coatings were investigated for their anticorrosion and nanomechanical properties. The morphology of the coatings was examined by scanning electron microscopy. The composition was estimated by energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. The mechanical integrity of the coatings was studied through nanoindentation and nanoscratch techniques. Scanning probe microscope imaging of the coatings revealed that the addition of ncs creates surface incongruity; however, the hardness to modulus ratio revealed significant strengthening of the coating with increase of ncs. Studies on their corrosion behavior in 0.5 M sodium chloride solutions at room temperature were made using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Artificial defects were formatted on the surface of the films in order for possible self-healing effects to be evaluated. The results showed that the coated magnesium alloys exhibited only capacitive response after exposure to corrosive environment for 16 months. This behavior denotes that the coatings have enhanced barrier properties and act as an insulator. Finally, the scratched coatings revealed a partial recovery due to the increase of charge-transfer resistance as the immersion time elapsed.

  6. Surface nanostructures orienting self-protection of an orthodontic nickel-titanium shape memory alloys wire

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Shape memory alloys (SMA) have been applied to a wide variety of applications in a number of different fields such as aeronautical applications, sensors/actuators, medical sciences as well as orthodontics. It is a hot topic to enhance the anti-corrosion ability of orthodontic wires for clinical applications. In this letter, a very nice fractal structure, micro-domains with identical nanometer sized grooves, was obtained on the surfaces of the orthodontic wires with an oxygen plasma and acid corrosion. The concave parts of the grooves were dominated by titanium and convex parts were the same as the bulk wires. The micro-nano fractal structure generated a hydrophobic surface with the largest contact angle to water being about 157°. The titanium dominated nanolayer and the hydrophobicity of the surface resulted in jointly the great improvement of the anti-corrosion ability of the orthodontic wires. Because the fractal structures of the wires were formed automatically when they immersed in acidic environment, hence, the self-protection of the oxygen plasma-treated orthodontic wires in acidic environment indicates their potential applications in orthodontics, and should be also inspirable for other applications of SMA materials.

  7. Zn(Ta1-xNbx2O6 nanomaterials: Synthesis, characterization and corrosion behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birdeanu Mihaela

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Zn(Ta1-xNbx2O6 pseudo-binary oxide nanocrystalline materials (where x = 1; 0.5; 0.1; 0.05 and 0 were obtained through the solid-state method and characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. In addition, their morphology and topography have been determined by field emission-scanning electron microscopy (SEM and atomic force microscopy (AFM. There is a significant dependence between the rugosity and the uniformity of crystals. The evenly crystals organized in multilayers have the lowest value of rugosity and the non uniform fractal type architectures have the highest value of rugosity. The compounds’ anti-corrosion features were evaluated after deposition on carbon steel (OL in 0.1 M Na2SO4 media by open circuit potential measurement and potentiodynamic polarization technique with Tafel representation. The inhibition efficiency of pseudo-binary oxides deposited on carbon steel electrode was in the range 42.3-52.7 % promising for their further multiple layer deposition with porphyrins in order to improve anticorrosion properties. Due to the high band gap (3.80 - 4.30 eV provided by increasing the tantalum content, four of these pseudo-binary oxides might find applications in photovoltaic cells.

  8. Electrochemical and morphological characterisation of polyphenazine films on copper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gouveia-Caridade, Carla; Romeiro, Andreia; Brett, Christopher M.A., E-mail: cbrett@ci.uc.pt

    2013-11-15

    The morphology of films of the phenazine polymers poly(neutral red) (PNR), poly(brilliant cresyl blue) (PBCB), poly(Nile blue A) (PNB) and poly(safranine T) (PST), formed by potential cycling electropolymerisation on copper electrodes, in order to reduce the corrosion rate of copper, has been examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The copper surface was initially partially passivated in sodium oxalate, hydrogen carbonate or salicylate solution, in order to inhibit copper dissolution at potentials where phenazine monomer oxidation occurs, and to induce better polymer film adhesion. SEM images were also taken of partially passivated copper in order to throw light on the different morphology and anti-corrosive behaviour of the polyphenazine films. Analysis of the morphology of the polymer-coated copper with best anti-corrosive behaviour after 72 h immersion in 0.1 M KCl, Cu/hydrogen carbonate/PNB, showed that the surface is completely covered by closely packed crystals. By contrast, images of PST films on copper partially passivated in oxalate solution, that had the least protective behaviour, showed large amounts of insoluble corrosion products after only 4 h immersion in 0.1 M KCl.

  9. Addition of Ce as additive to Pb-Ca-Sn-Al grid alloy for lead acid battery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏杰; 王东田; 栾中华; 郭强

    2003-01-01

    The study on three Pb-Ca-Sn-Al alloys with 0.08%, 0.4% and 1.0% of Ce indicates that the addition of Ce results in an obvious increase in the tensile strength and hardness of the alloys, an increase in the overpotentials of hydrogen and oxygen evolution and the corrosion resistance as well. The study on the corrosion film formed on the alloys by cyclic voltammetry shows that the addition of Ce slows down the formation of corrosion film. It is therefore concluded from the experimental results that the addition of Ce can increase the tensile strength and HB of Pb-Ca alloy and the tensile strength and HB of the alloy increase with the increase of Ce; the addition of Ce also increases the hydrogen and oxygen evolution overpotentials of Pb-Ca alloy, and when the content of Ce is 1.0%, the alloy has the highest hydrogen and oxygen evolution overpoteatials; the addition of Ce improves the anticorrosion capability of the alloy, and when the content Ce is 1.0%, the alloy has the best anticorrosion capability; and the addition of Ce also slows down the formation of corrosion film.

  10. POLYETHERSULFONE COATING FOR MITIGATING CORROSION OF STEEL IN GEOTHERMAL ENVIRONMENT.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    SUGAMA, T.

    2005-06-01

    Emphasis was directed toward evaluating the usefulness of a polyethersulfone (PES)-dissolved N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) solvent precursor as a low-temperature film-forming anti-corrosion coating for carbon steel in simulated geothermal environments at brine temperatures up to 300 C. A {approx} 75 {micro}m thick PES coating performed well in protecting the steel against corrosion in brine at 200 C. However, at {>=} 250 C, the PES underwent severe hydrothermal oxidation that caused the cleavage of sulfone- and ether-linkages, and the opening of phenyl rings. These, in turn, led to sulfone {yields} benzosulfonic acid and ether {yields} benzophenol-type oxidation derivative transformations, and the formation of carbonyl-attached open rings, thereby resulting in the incorporation of the functional groups, hydroxyl and carbonyl, into the coating. The presence of these functional groups raised concerns about the diminutions in water-shedding and water-repellent properties that are important properties of the anti-corrosion coatings; such changes were reflected in an enhancement of the magnitude of susceptibility of the coatings surfaces to moisture. Consequently, the disintegration of the PES structure by hydrothermal oxidation was detrimental to the maximum efficacy of the coating in protecting the steel against corrosion, allowing the corrosive electrolytes to infiltrate easily through it.

  11. Tribological, electrochemical and tribo-electrochemical characterization of bare and nitrided Ti6Al4V in simulated body fluid solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manhabosco, T.M., E-mail: tmanhabosco@yahoo.com.b [Physics Departament, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Campus Universitario Morro do Cruzeiro/ICEBS/DEFIS/35400-000, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais (Brazil); Tamborim, S.M. [Metallurgy Department, Laboratory of Corrosion Research, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Goncalves 9500/75/232, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil); Santos, C.B. dos [Fraunhofer-Institut/IPA Institut fuer Produktionstechnik und Automatisierung, Nobelstrasse 12, Sttutgart 70569 (Germany); Mueller, I.L., E-mail: ilmuller@ufrgs.b [Metallurgy Department, Laboratory of Corrosion Research, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Goncalves 9500/75/232, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

    2011-05-15

    Research highlights: {yields} Tribocorrosion of bare and nitrided Ti6Al4V in simulated body fluid is studied. {yields} The alloy presents great tendency to repassivate when its oxide is damaged by wear. {yields} Nitriding increases Ti6Al4V resistance to wear-corrosion at open circuit potential. {yields} EIS results confirm the improved anticorrosion properties of the nitride layer. {yields} Anodic potentials (+0.4V{sub SCE}) impair tribocorrosion resistance of the alloy. - Abstract: Tribological, electrochemical and tribo-electrochemical behaviour of bare and nitrided Ti6Al4V alloy was studied. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction and microhardness profile were used to characterize the nitrided Ti6Al4V. The anticorrosive properties of nitrided Ti6Al4V in phosphate buffer saline solution (PBS), simulating the body environment, were evaluated by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). Nitriding increased the alloy resistance to corrosion and to dry wear. Resistance to tribocorrosion in PBS at the open circuit potential (OCP) for the nitrided alloy was also significantly increased compared to the bare alloy; nevertheless at an anodic potential this influence became less important.

  12. Electrochemical and In Vitro Behavior of Nanostructure Sol-Gel Coated 316L Stainless Steel Incorporated with Rosemary Extract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motalebi, Abolfazl; Nasr-Esfahani, Mojtaba

    2013-06-01

    The corrosion resistance of AISI 316L stainless steel for biomedical applications, was significantly enhanced by means of hybrid organic-inorganic sol-gel thin films deposited by spin-coating. Thin films of less than 100 nm with different hybrid characters were obtained by incorporating rosemary extract as green corrosion inhibitor. The morphology, composition, and adhesion of hybrid sol-gel coatings have been examined by SEM, EDX, and pull-off test, respectively. Addition of high additive concentrations (0.1%) did not disorganize the sol-gel network. Direct pull-off test recorded a mean coating-substrate bonding strength larger than 21.2 MPa for the hybrid sol-gel coating. The effect of rosemary extract, with various added concentrations from 0.012 to 0.1%, on the anticorrosion properties of sol-gel films have been characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization tests in simulated body fluid (SBF) solution and has been compared to the bare metal. Rosemary extract additions (0.05%) have significantly increased the corrosion protection of the sol-gel thin film to higher than 90%. The in vitro bioactivity of prepared films indicates that hydroxyapatite nuclei can form and grow on the surface of the doped sol-gel thin films. The present study shows that due to their excellent anticorrosion properties, bioactivity and bonding strength to substrate, doped sol-gel thin films are practical hybrid films in biomedical applications.

  13. Investigation of the Corrosion Behavior of Poly(Aniline-co-o-Anisidine)/ZnO Nanocomposite Coating on Low-Carbon Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobin, M.; Alam, R.; Aslam, J.

    2016-07-01

    A copolymer of aniline (AN) and o-anisidine (OA), Poly(AN-co-OA) and its nanocomposite with ZnO nanoparticles, Poly(AN-co-OA)/ZnO were synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization using ammonium persulfate as an oxidant in hydrochloric acid medium. The synthesized compounds were characterized using FTIR, XRD, SEM-EDS, TEM, and electrical conductivity techniques. The copolymer and nanocomposite were separately dissolved in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone and were casted on low-carbon steel specimens using 10% epoxy resin as a binder. The anticorrosive properties of the coatings were studied in different corrosive environments such as 0.1 M HCl, 5% NaCl solution, and distilled water at a temperature of 30 °C by conducting corrosion tests which include immersion test, open circuit potential measurements, potentiodynamic polarization measurements, and atmospheric exposure test. The surface morphology of the coatings prior to and after one-month immersion in corrosive solution was evaluated using SEM. It was observed that the nanocomposite coating exhibited higher corrosion resistance and provided better barrier properties in comparison with copolymer coating. The presence of ZnO nanoparticles improved the anticorrosion properties of copolymer coating in all corrosive media subjected to investigation.

  14. Electrochemical and Photoelectrochemical Study of Self-assembled Monolayer of Phytic Acid on Brass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Qun-Jie; WAN Zong-Yue; ZHOU Guo-Ding; YIN Ren-He; CAO Wei-Min; LIN Chang-Jian

    2008-01-01

    Phytic acid is an environment-friendly reagent for processing metals.The anticorrosion and inhibiting mechanism for phytic acid monolayers self-assembled on a brass (HSn70-1) electrode has been investigated by using electrochemical and photocurrent response methods.The electrochemical measurements indicate that phytic acid is liable to form surface complexes on the brass electrode,and the self-assembled monolayers (SAM) change the structure of the electric double-layer and shift the potential of zero charge positively.The photochemical measurement indicates that the brass electrode shows a p-type photoresponse owing to the formation of a Cu2O layer on its surface,and the presence of SAM weakens significantly the photoresponse,suggesting an excellent effect on anticorrosion,which is consistent with the EIS and polarization curve measurements.Adsorption of phytic acid was found to be typical of chemisorption,which can be reasonably described on the basis of the Langmuir isotherm.

  15. Application of artificial neural network and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system to investigate corrosion rate of zirconium-based nano-ceramic layer on galvanized steel in 3.5% NaCl solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Film formation of Zr-based conversion coating under different conditions was investigated. • We study the effect of some parameters on anticorrosion performance of conversion coating. • Optimization of processing conditions for surface treatment of galvanized steel was obtained. • Modeling and predicting corrosion current density of treated surfaces was performed using ANN and ANFIS. - Abstract: A nano-ceramic Zr-based conversion solution was prepared and optimization of Zr concentration, pH, temperature and immersion time for the treatment of hot-dip galvanized steel (HDG) was performed. SEM microscopy was utilized to investigate the microstructure and film formation of the layer and the anticorrosion performance of conversion coating was studied using polarization test. Artificial intelligence systems (ANN and ANFIS) were applied on the data obtained from polarization test and the models for predicting corrosion current density values were attained. The outcome of these models showed proper predictability of the methods. The influence of input parameters was discussed and the optimized conditions for Zr-based conversion layer formation on the galvanized steel were obtained as follows: pH 3.8–4.5, Zr concentration of about 100 ppm, ambient temperature and immersion time of about 90 s

  16. Fabrication of lotus-leaf-like superhydrophobic surfaces via Ni-based nano-composite electro-brush plating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Superhydrophobic surface has become a research hot topic in recent years due to its excellent performance and wide application prospect. This paper investigates the method to fabricate superhydrophobic surface on carbon steel substrate via two-layer nano-composite electro-brush plating and subsequent surface modification with low free energy materials. The hydrophobic properties of as-prepared coatings were characterized by a water sliding angle (SA) and a water contact angle (CA) measured by the Surface tension instrument. A Scanning electron microscope was used to analyze the surface structure of plating coatings. Anti-corrosion performance of the superhydrophobic coating was characterized by a potentiodynamic polarization curve measured by the Electrochemical workstation. The research result shows that: the superhydrophobic structure can be successfully prepared by plating nano-C/Ni and nano-Cu/Ni two-layer coating on carbon steel substrate under appropriate technology and has similarity with lotus-leaf-like micro/nano composite structure; the contact angle of the as-prepared superhydrophobic coating can be up to 155.5°, the sliding angle is 5°; the coating has better anti-corrosion performance compared with substrate.

  17. Effect of temperature, chloride ions and sulfide ions on the electrochemical properties of 316L stainless steel in simulated cooling water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Jinbo; Zhai Wen; Zheng Maosheng; Zhu Jiewu

    2008-01-01

    The influence of temperature, chloride ions and sulfide ions on the anticorrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel in simulated cooling water was studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and anodic polarization curves. The results show that the film resistance increases with the solution temperature but decreases after 8 days' immersion, which indicates that the film formed at higher temperature has inferior anticorrosion behavior; Chloride ions and sulfide ions have remarkable effects on the electrochemical property of 316L stainless steel in simulated cooling water and the pitting potential declines with the concentration of chloride ions; the passivation current has no obvious effect; the rise of the concentration of sulfide ions obviously increases the passivation current, but the pitting potential changes little, which indicates that the two types of ions may have different effects on destructing passive film of stainless steel. The critical concentration of chloride ions causing anodic potential curve's change in simulated cooling water is 250 mg/L for 316 L stainless. The effect of sulfide ions on the corrosion resistance behavior of stainless steel is increasing the passivation current density Ip. The addition of 6mg/L sulfide ions to the solution makes Ip of 316 L increase by 0.5 times.

  18. New pattern Zn-Al-Mg-RE coating technics for steel structure sustainable design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yan; XU Bin-shi; ZHU Zi-xin; LI Zhuo-xin; MA Jie

    2005-01-01

    Based on the advanced integrated technology of materials preparation and formation, a new pattern ZnAl-Mg-RE anti-corrosion coating for steel structure sustainable design was manufactured by cored wires and high velocity arc spraying (HVAS) technologies. The developments of thermally sprayed coatings for steel structure protection were described. Based on Al, Zn, Zn-Al and Zn-Al-Mg coatings, the anti-corrosion properties of new-pattern Zn-Al-Mg-RE coating were evaluated through electrochemical methods including electrochemical polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) coupled with SEM and XRD. The models of Zn-Al-Mg-RE coating undergoing corrosion with the initial pinhole defect and the latter with accelerated products were also discussed. The results show that Zn-Al-Mg-RE coating exhibites excellent corrosion resistance for long-term immersion, which is helpful for the sustainable design of steel structure in aggressive corrosion conditions. And the corrosion products seem to possess certain self-sealing function.

  19. Discrimination of“Southerners Addicted to Salt,and Northerners Addicted to Sweet"%“南人嗜咸,北人嗜甘”辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程宇铮

    2012-01-01

    "Salty" or "sweet" has been regarded as one of the five basic tastes.There is a saying that "Southernerns addicted to salt,and northerners addicted to sweet" in ancient scholar's notes,which has a significant impact."Sugar",as the major source of sweet flavor,has not only seasoning function but also anti-corrosion function.So "Southernerns addicted to salt,and northerners addicted to sweet" is a recognition confusion of sugar's seasoning function and anti-corrosion function.%"咸""甜"一直以来被视为五味之一。古代文人笔记中关于饮食习俗上有"南人嗜咸,北人嗜甘"一说,影响甚大。"糖"作为甜味的主要调味来源,除了拥有调味功能以外还具有防腐功能,"南人嗜咸,北人嗜甘"是对糖的调味与防腐功能认识混淆的结果。

  20. Testing and analysis of a modernized freight wagon's elements flammability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Płaczek, M.; Wróbel, A.; Baier, A.

    2016-08-01

    Paper concerns an issue of freight wagon modernization using composite materials. The goal of the project is to elongate the period between repairs (by better corrosion protection) and improve conditions of exploitation of modernized freight wagons (for example easier unloading during winter conditions - no freezes of the charge to the freight wagon body shell). Application of the composite panels to the freight wagon's body shell was proposed as the solution that can solve mentioned problems. The composite panels composed of fiberglass and epoxy resin were proposed. They will be mounted on the body shell using rivet nuts. What is more the body shell of the modernized freight wagon will be painted using an anti-corrosion agent. In this paper the analysis of a flammability of the proposed composition (the composite plate made of fiberglass and epoxy resin mounted to the steel sheet with additional anticorrosion agent) is presented. In the paper results of laboratory tests conducted according to international standards are presented. A series of samples of elements of modernized freight wagons was tested using the created laboratory stand. Obtained results were averaged and the proposed material was assigned to the one of the class of materials for their combustibility.

  1. Benzotriazole and tolyltriazole as aquatic contaminants. 1. Input and occurrence in rivers and lakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giger, Walter; Schaffner, Christian; Kohler, Hans-Peter E

    2006-12-01

    The complexing agents benzotriazole (BT) and tolyltriazole (TT) are not only widely applied as anticorrosives, e.g., in aircraft deicer and anti-icer fluid (ADAF), but they are also used for so-called silver protection in dishwasher detergents. Due to their low biodegradability and limited sorption tendency, BT and TT are only partly removed in wastewater treatment. Residual concentrations of BT and TT were determined in ambient surface waters in Switzerland including 7 rivers which have distinct water flows and receive treated wastewater effluents at various dilution ratios. A maximum BT concentration of 6.3 microg/L was found in the Glatt River, and a maximum mass flow of 277 kg BT per week was observed in the Rhine River. In most cases, TT was about a factor 5-10 less abundant. During winter 2003/4, BT mass flows at 2 locations in the lower stretch of the Glatt River clearly indicated the input from nearby Zurich airport, where BT was applied as an anticorrosive ADAF component. BT concentrations measured in the three lakes Greifensee, Lake Zurich, and Lake Geneva were approximately 1.2, 0.1-0.4, and 0.2 microg/L, respectively. The observed environmental occurrences indicate that BT and TT are ubiquitous contaminants in the aquatic environment and that they belong to the most abundant individual water pollutants. PMID:17180965

  2. 耐CO2腐蚀固井水泥浆的研究及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席方柱; 谭文礼; 孙富全; 熊钰丹; 王种

    2011-01-01

    Facing the challenge of CO2 corrosion to cement stone, which can shorten ages of oil wells caused by corrosion of cement mantle, an anti-corrosion of CO2 material is developed and the experimental results show that the anti-corrosion performance of the cement slurry mixed with the material can be improved. The application in well ChangshenXX is successful that forms a good cementing operation technology.%CO2与水泥石反应会导致固井水泥环封隔失效,缩短油井寿命,影响油气田开发.针对该问题,开发了耐CO2腐蚀的固井材料,对加入该材料的水泥浆进行了研究,结果显示在水泥浆中加入该材料可以提高水泥石的耐CO2腐蚀性能;同时对耐CO2腐蚀的水泥浆的施工性能进行了研究,形成了施工性能良好的水泥浆技术.该技术在长深XX井中得到了应用,取得了良好的效果.

  3. Preparation Technology and Performances of Zn-Cr Coating on Sintered NdFeB Permanent Magnet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Shengxue; Chen Ling

    2006-01-01

    Zn-Cr coating was prepared on the surface of sintered NdFeB permanent magnet samples and preparation parameters were established.The anticorrosive property of Zn-Cr coating on NdFeB was studied by whole-immersion test in NaCl solution and compared with that of zinc plating and nickel plating on NdFeB.Open-circuit potential and self-corrosion current of NdFeB samples with and without Zn-Cr coating were measured.The micro-morphology and composition of Zn-Cr coating were analyzed through SEM, XPS, EDS and XRD.The effect of Zn-Cr coating on magnetic property of NdFeB magnet was also investigated.It is exposed that Zn-Cr coating is anodic type coating for NdFeB magnet, and provided substrate electrochemical protection, barrier protection and passivation protection.The anticorrosion property of NdFeB magnet is obviously enhanced by Zn-Cr coating while the magnet property of NdFeB magnet changed little.

  4. Application of Vinyl Ester Resin to Electrolytic Refining Process in Copper Metallurgy Industry%环氧乙烯基酯树脂在铜冶炼电解精炼中的防腐蚀应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张楠; 孙凡; 戴华; 刘华

    2013-01-01

    Vinyl ester resin possesses excellent chemical resistance.It is widely used in copper metallurgy industry.In this paper,the general process of electrolytic refining is introduced.The characteristics of vinyl ester resin and its application cases in anti-corrosion projects are analyzed according to the corrosive environments in electrolytic refining process,thus provides practical reference for anti-corrosion technical solutions in the corrosion and protection of copper metallurgy industry.%环氧乙烯基酯树脂具有优良的耐腐蚀性能,广泛应用于铜冶炼工业中.本文介绍了铜冶炼工业中电解精炼的一般工艺,并针对电解精炼工艺流程中的腐蚀介质环境,分析了环氧乙烯基酯树脂的特点和防腐蚀工程应用案例,为铜冶炼工业中的腐蚀与防护提供了切实可行的防腐蚀技术方案参考.

  5. CP300钻井平台外加电流防腐污装置的方案设计及应用%The Project Design and Application of Impressed Current Anticorrosice and Antifouling on CP300 Drilling Rigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱小辉

    2014-01-01

    本文简要介绍了外加电流防腐污装置的原理和特点。结合我厂设计建造的CP300系列钻井平台,理论结合实际分析了外加电流防腐污装置在船舶平台上应用的可行性,总结出了一套理论的计算方法;提出了装置使用和维护建议。%This paper briefly introduces the principles and features of impressed current anticorrosive and antifouling device. It first analyzes the feasibility of applying the impressed current anticorrosive and antifouling device to ship platforms by integrating theory with practice. In combination with the CP300 drilling rigs designed and constructed by my factory, and then summarizes a series of theoretical computing methods and finally proposes suggestions on how to use and maintain the device.

  6. Graphene/Epoxy Coating as Multifunctional Material for Aircraft Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tullio Monetta

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Recently, the use of graphene as a conductive nanofiller in the preparation of inorganic/polymer nanocomposites has attracted increasing interest in the aerospace field. The reason for this is the possibility of overcoming problems strictly connected to the aircraft structures, such as electrical conductivity and thus lightning strike protection. In addition, graphene is an ideal candidate to enhance the anti-corrosion properties of the resin, since it absorbs most of the light and provides hydrophobicity for repelling water. An important aspect of these multifunctional materials is that all these improvements can be realized even at very low filler loadings in the polymer matrix. In this work, graphene nanoflakes were incorporated into a water-based epoxy resin, and then the hybrid coating was applied to Al 2024-T3 samples. The addition of graphene considerably improved some physical properties of the hybrid coating as demonstrated by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS analysis, ameliorating anti-corrosion performances of raw material. DSC measurements and Cross-cut Test showed that graphene did not affect the curing process or the adhesion properties. Moreover, an increment of water contact angle was displayed.

  7. Effect of Zn on mechanical property and corrosion property of extruded Mg-Zn-Mn alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Dong-song; ZHANG Er-lin; ZENG Song-yan

    2008-01-01

    The effect of Zn on the microstructure, the mechanical property and the corrosion property in simulated body fluid(SBF) of an extruded Mg-Mn alloy was studied. The results indicate that the addition of Zn element can significantly refine the grain size of the extruded Mg-Mn alloy. When Zn content is increased from 0% to 3%, the grain size decreases from 12 μm to 4 μm. Meanwhile, the mechanical properties also increase remarkably with increasing Zn content. When Zn content is 3%, the ultimate tensile strength and the yield strength are increased by 54.7 MPa and 69.7 MPa, respectively. Zn can also improve the anti-corrosion property of the alloy. The best anti-corrosion property is obtained with 1% Zn. However, further increase of Zn content up to 3% deteriorates the corrosion property. Finally, the influence mechanism of Zn on the microstructure, the mechanical property and the corrosion property was discussed.

  8. Structural characterization and corrosive property of Ni-P/CeO2composite coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Huiming; JIANG Shihang; ZHANG Linnan

    2009-01-01

    Electroless Ni-P/nano-CeO2 composite coating was prepared in acidic condition, and its microstructure and corrosive property were compared with its CeO2-free counterpart. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), transmission electronic microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction spectrometer (XRD), and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) were used to examine surface morphology and microstructure of the coating. Corrosive investigation was carried out in 3%NaCl+5%H2SO4 solution. The results showed that Ni-P coating had partial amorphous structure mixed with nanocrystals, whereas the Ni-P/CeO2 coating had perfect amorphous structure. In high temperature condition, Ni3P precipitation and Ni crystallization occurred in both coatings but at different temperatures, whereas the Ni-P/CeO2 coating had sintered phase of NiCe2O4 spinels. The anticorrosion property and passivity were improved in the CeO2-containing coating due to its less liability to undergo local-cell corrosion than its CeO2-free counterpart. During the co-deposition process, some Cen+ (n=3, 4) ions may be adsorbed to the metal/solution interface, hinder nickel's crystal-typed deposition and promote phosphorous deposition. The nano-CeO2 doping finally resulted in the coating' perfect amorphous structure and good anti-corrosive property.

  9. Development of Novel Corrosion Techniques for a Green Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaki Ahmad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The synergistic effect of air pollution, brown clouds and greenhouse gasses is deleterious to human health and industrial products. The use of toxic inhibitors, chemicals in water treatment plants, and anti-fouling agents in desalination plants has contributed to the greenhouse effect. Conventional anti-corrosion techniques such as paints, coatings, inhibitor treatments, and cathodic protection paid no regard to greenhouse effect. Work on eco-friendly anti-corrosion techniques is scanty and largely proprietary. The use of nano-TiO2 particles introduced in alkyds and polyurethane-based coatings showed a higher corrosion resistance compared to conventional TiO2 coatings with significant photocatalytic activity to kill bacteria. The use of UV radiations for photo-inhibition of stainless steel in chloride solution can replace toxic inhibitors. Corrosion inhibition has also been achieved by using natural materials such as polymers instead of toxic chemical inhibitors, without adverse environmental impact. TiO2 films exposed to UV radiation have shown the capability to protect the steel without sacrificing the film. Self-healing materials with encapsulated nanoparticles in paints and coatings have shown to heal the defects caused by corrosion. These innovative techniques provide a direction to the corrosion scientists, engineers, and environmentalists who are concerned about the increasing contamination of the planet and maintaining a green environment.

  10. Surface functionalization of Cu-Ni alloys via grafting of a bactericidal polymer for inhibiting biocorrosion by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans in anaerobic seawater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, S J; Liu, C K; Pehkonen, S O; Bai, R B; Neoh, K G; Ting, Y P; Kang, E T

    2009-01-01

    A novel surface modification technique was developed to provide a copper nickel alloy (M) surface with bactericidal and anticorrosion properties for inhibiting biocorrosion. 4-(chloromethyl)-phenyl tricholorosilane (CTS) was first coupled to the hydroxylated alloy surface to form a compact silane layer, as well as to confer the surface with chloromethyl functional groups. The latter allowed the coupling of 4-vinylpyridine (4VP) to generate the M-CTS-4VP surface with biocidal functionality. Subsequent surface graft polymerization of 4VP, in the presence of benzoyl peroxide (BPO) initiator, from the M-CTS-4VP surface produced the poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P(4VP)) grafted surface, or the M-CTS-P(4VP) surface. The pyridine nitrogen moieties on the M-CTS-P(4VP) surface were quaternized with hexylbromide to produce a high concentration of quaternary ammonium groups. Each surface functionalization step was ascertained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and static water contact angle measurements. The alloy with surface-quaternized pyridinium cation groups (N+) exhibited good bactericidal efficiency in a Desulfovibrio desulfuricans-inoculated seawater-based modified Barr's medium, as indicated by viable cell counts and fluorescence microscopy (FM) images of the surface. The anticorrosion capability of the organic layers was verified by the polarization curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. In comparison, the pristine (surface hydroxylated) Cu-Ni alloy was found to be readily susceptible to biocorrosion under the same environment.

  11. Grafting of antibacterial polymers on stainless steel via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization for inhibiting biocorrosion by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, S J; Xu, F J; Pehkonen, S O; Ting, Y P; Neoh, K G; Kang, E T

    2009-06-01

    To enhance the biocorrosion resistance of stainless steel (SS) and to impart its surface with bactericidal function for inhibiting bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation, well-defined functional polymer brushes were grafted via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) from SS substrates. The trichlorosilane coupling agent, containing the alkyl halide ATRP initiator, was first immobilized on the hydroxylated SS (SS-OH) substrates for surface-initiated ATRP of (2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA). The tertiary amino groups of covalently immobilized DMAEMA polymer or P(DMAEMA), brushes on the SS substrates were quaternized with benzyl halide to produce the biocidal functionality. Alternatively, covalent coupling of viologen moieties to the tertiary amino groups of P(DMAEMA) brushes on the SS surface resulted in an increase in surface concentration of quaternary ammonium groups, accompanied by substantially enhanced antibacterial and anticorrosion capabilities against Desulfovibrio desulfuricans in anaerobic seawater, as revealed by antibacterial assay and electrochemical studies. With the inherent advantages of high corrosion resistance of SS, and the good antibacterial and anticorrosion capabilities of the viologen-quaternized P(DMAEMA) brushes, the functionalized SS is potentially useful in harsh seawater environments and for desalination plants.

  12. Leading research on super metal. 3. Amorphous and nanostructured metallic materials; Super metal no sendo kenkyu. 3. Kogata buzai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Very fine structure control technique for amorphous and nanostructured metallic materials was reviewed to exceed the marginal performance of small metallic member materials. In Japan, high strength alloys and anticorrosion alloys are currently developed as an amorphous structure control technique, and ultra fine powder production and nano-compaction molding are studied for nanostructured materials. Fabrication of amorphous alloy wire materials and metal glass in USA are also introduced. Fabrication of metallic nanocrystals deposited within gas phase in Germany are attracting attention. The strength and abrasion resistance are remarkably enhanced by making nanostructured crystals and dispersing them. It may be most suitable to utilize amorphous and nanostructured metallic materials for earth-friendly materials having anticorrosion, and catalyst and biomaterial affinities, and also for magnetic materials. It is important for controlling micro-structures to clarify the formation mechanism of structures. For their processing techniques, the diversity and possibility are suggested, as to the condensation and solidification of gaseous and liquid phase metals, the molding and processing of very fine solid phase alloys, and the manufacturing members by heat treatment. 324 refs., 109 figs., 21 tabs.

  13. Application of artificial neural network and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system to investigate corrosion rate of zirconium-based nano-ceramic layer on galvanized steel in 3.5% NaCl solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mousavifard, S.M. [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Attar, M.M., E-mail: attar@aut.ac.ir [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghanbari, A. [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dadgar, M. [Textile Engineering Department, Neyshabur University, Neyshabur (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-08-05

    Highlights: • Film formation of Zr-based conversion coating under different conditions was investigated. • We study the effect of some parameters on anticorrosion performance of conversion coating. • Optimization of processing conditions for surface treatment of galvanized steel was obtained. • Modeling and predicting corrosion current density of treated surfaces was performed using ANN and ANFIS. - Abstract: A nano-ceramic Zr-based conversion solution was prepared and optimization of Zr concentration, pH, temperature and immersion time for the treatment of hot-dip galvanized steel (HDG) was performed. SEM microscopy was utilized to investigate the microstructure and film formation of the layer and the anticorrosion performance of conversion coating was studied using polarization test. Artificial intelligence systems (ANN and ANFIS) were applied on the data obtained from polarization test and the models for predicting corrosion current density values were attained. The outcome of these models showed proper predictability of the methods. The influence of input parameters was discussed and the optimized conditions for Zr-based conversion layer formation on the galvanized steel were obtained as follows: pH 3.8–4.5, Zr concentration of about 100 ppm, ambient temperature and immersion time of about 90 s.

  14. Fabrication of lotus-leaf-like superhydrophobic surfaces via Ni-based nano-composite electro-brush plating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hongtao; Wang, Xuemei; Ji, Hongmin

    2014-01-01

    Superhydrophobic surface has become a research hot topic in recent years due to its excellent performance and wide application prospect. This paper investigates the method to fabricate superhydrophobic surface on carbon steel substrate via two-layer nano-composite electro-brush plating and subsequent surface modification with low free energy materials. The hydrophobic properties of as-prepared coatings were characterized by a water sliding angle (SA) and a water contact angle (CA) measured by the Surface tension instrument. A Scanning electron microscope was used to analyze the surface structure of plating coatings. Anti-corrosion performance of the superhydrophobic coating was characterized by a potentiodynamic polarization curve measured by the Electrochemical workstation. The research result shows that: the superhydrophobic structure can be successfully prepared by plating nano-C/Ni and nano-Cu/Ni two-layer coating on carbon steel substrate under appropriate technology and has similarity with lotus-leaf-like micro/nano composite structure; the contact angle of the as-prepared superhydrophobic coating can be up to 155.5°, the sliding angle is 5°; the coating has better anti-corrosion performance compared with substrate.

  15. Studies on the Inhibitive Effect of Datura Stramonium Extract on the Acid Corrosion of Mild Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raja, Pandian Bothi; Sethuraman, Mathur Gopalakrishnan

    The extract of Datura stramonium has been studied as a possible source of green inhibitor for corrosion of mild steel (MS) in HCl and H2SO4 media at different temperatures. The anticorrosion effect was evaluated by conventional weight loss studies, electrochemical studies viz., Tafel polarization, ac impedance, and SEM studies. The studies reveal that the plant extract acts as a good inhibitor in both the acid media and better in H2SO4 medium. Tafel polarization method indicate that the plant extract behaves as a mixed mode inhibitor. Double layer capacitance and charge transfer resistance values derived from Nyquist plots obtained from ac impedance studies give supporting evidence for the anticorrosive effect. The inhibitive effect may be attributed to the adsorption of the inhibitor on the surface of MS, following Temkin adsorption isotherm. Increase of inhibition efficiency with increase of temperature along with Ea values serve as a proof for chemisorption. SEM studies provide the confirmatory evidence for the protection of MS by the green inhibitor. The study reveals the potential of D. stramonium for combating corrosion which may be due to the adsorption of alkaloids and other phytoconstituents.

  16. Fabrication of silica-decorated graphene oxide nanohybrids and the properties of composite epoxy coatings research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yu; Di, Haihui; Yu, Zongxue; Liang, Ling; Lv, Liang; Pan, Yang; Zhang, Yangyong; Yin, Di

    2016-01-01

    With the purpose of preparing anticorrosive coatings, solvent-based epoxy resins often serve as raw material. Unfortunately, plentiful micro-pores are fabricated via solvent evaporation in the resin' curing process, which is an intrinsic shortcoming and it is thus necessary to obstacle their micro-pore for enhancing antiseptic property. To reduce the intrinsic defect and increase the corrosion resistance of coating, we synthesize a series of SiO2-GO hybrids through anchoring silica (SiO2) on graphene oxide (GO) sheets with the help of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane and 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, and disperse the hybrids into epoxy resin at a low weight fraction of 2%. Furthermore, we investigate the appropriate preparation proportion of SiO2-GO hybrids (namely: SiO2-GO (1:5)). The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) test and coatings' morphology monitoring in corrosion process reveal that the anticorrosive performance of epoxy coatings is significantly enhanced by incorporation of SiO2-GO (1:5) hybrids to epoxy compared with neat epoxy and other nanofillers including SiO2 or GO at the same contents. The superiority of the SiO2-GO (1:5) hybrids is related to their excellent dispersion in resin and sheet-like structure.

  17. Studies on the impact, detection, and control of microbiology influenced corrosion related to pitting failures in the Russian oil and gas industry. Final CRADA report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ehst, D.

    2006-09-30

    The objectives of the Project are: (1) to design effective anti-corrosion preparations (biocides, inhibitors, penetrants and their combinations) for gas- and oil-exploration industries; (2) to study a possibility of development of environmentally beneficial ('green') biocides and inhibitors of the new generation; (3) to develop chemical and microbiological methods of monitoring of sites at risk of corrosion; and (4) to evaluate potentialities in terms of technology, raw materials and material and technical basis to set up a production of effective anti-corrosion preparations of new generation in Russia. During the four years of the project 228 compounds and formulations were synthesized and studied in respect to their corrosion inhibiting activity. A series of compounds which were according to the Bubble tests more efficient (by a factor of 10-100) than the reference inhibitor SXT-1102, some possessing the similar activity or slightly better activity than new inhibitor ??-1154? (company ONDEO/Nalco). Two synthetic routes for the synthesis of mercaptopyrimidines as perspective corrosion inhibitors were developed. Mercaptopyrimidine derivatives can be obtained in one or two steps from cheap and easily available precursors. The cost for their synthesis is not high and can be further reduced after the optimization of the production processes. A new approach for lignin utilization was proposed. Water-soluble derivative of lignin can by transformed to corrosion protective layer by its electropolymerization on a steel surface. Varying lignosulfonates from different sources, as well as conditions of electrooxidation we proved, that drop in current at high anodic potentials is due to electropolymerization of lignin derivative at steel electrode surface. The electropolymerization potential can be sufficiently decreased by an increase in ionic strength of the growing solution. The lignosulfonate electropolymerization led to the considerable corrosion protection

  18. Electrochemical corrosion of steel bar in the magnesium cement concrete%镁水泥混凝土中钢筋的电化学腐蚀研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔宏霞; 巩位; 高升; 陈广峰; 程千元

    2016-01-01

    为解决分布在西部盐湖地区出现的煤矿矿区钢材腐蚀问题,结合煤矿矿区实际环境,采用实验、理论分析等方法研究了镁水泥混凝土中钢筋的腐蚀.采用CS350电化学工作站,研究镁水泥混凝土中钢筋的电化学腐蚀,结合SEM微观实验和EDS元素扫描结果,对镁水泥混凝土中裸露钢筋腐蚀状况进行描述.研究表明:美加力涂层钢筋状态良好,未出现腐蚀状态;锌美特涂层钢筋出现了低腐蚀现象;而裸露钢筋表面出现了严重腐蚀.钢筋涂层防腐蚀性美加力涂层较好,锌美特涂层次之;涂层钢筋虽然防腐效果不同,但对裸露钢筋的防腐蚀性能有明显有利影响.%In order to solve reinforced corrosion on coal mine area in the salt lake of the west, in combination with the practical environment of coal mine area, experiment and theory analysis methods were used to study the reinforced corrosion in magnesium cement concrete. By CS350 electrochemical workstation, a study on the electrochemical corrosion of reinforced in magnesium cement concrete was carried out. Combined with the SEM and EDS, status of bare reinforced corrosion in magnesium cement concrete was described. Results showed that state of steel bar with MAGNI coating was better, and did not produce corrosion;steel bar with ZINTEK coating resulted in phenomena of low corrosion; the corrosion of bare steel bar on surface was serious. The order from high to low anticorrosion performance of the coating is from MAGNI to ZINTEK coating. Anticorrosive effects of coating on steel bar are in very different level, but the coating positively affects anticorrosion performance of the steel bar.

  19. 铁表面植酸钠自组装层缓蚀性能的电化学研究%Inhibition of iron surface with Na-salt of phytic acid self-assembled monolayers from corrosion:observed by electrochemistry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万琉方; 王芳; 郭玉辉; 陈慧文; 金溟南; 杨海峰

    2011-01-01

    将环境友好缓蚀剂植酸钠组装到铁基电极表面,运用电化学极化曲线方法,考察了不同组装液浓度、组装时间及次数形成的植酸钠层对铁基电极表面缓蚀性能的影响.实验结果表明:铁电极在10-2 mol·L-1和10-3 mol·L-1植酸钠溶液中分别组装数分钟,再经10-6mol·L-1植酸钠溶液组装7h,获得的植酸钠层对铁的缓蚀性能最佳.利用交流阻抗技术探究了最佳组装条件下形成的植酸钠层对铁电极表面的缓蚀机理,等效电路为R(QR)(QR).同时借鉴拉曼光谱进一步解释其缓蚀机理和组装方式.%Na-salt of phytic acid as an environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitor was self-assembled onto the surface of iron-based electrode. Effects of different assembly concentrations,including assembly time and assembly steps of Na-salt of phytic acid at iron-based electrode surface on anti-corrosion performance were evaluated by electrochemical polarization method. Experimental results revealed that the iron-based electrode with Na-salt of phytic acid monolayers formed by respective assemblies in 10- mol · L-1 and 10-3mol · L-1 Na-salt of phytic acid solutions for several minutes and then in l0-6mol · L-1 Na-salt of phytic acid solution for 7 hours exhibited the best anti-corrosive performance. AC impedance results demonstrated that the mechanism of Na-salt of phytic acid monolayers on iron-based electrode with the best anti-corrosive performance was consistent with the equivalent mode of R (QR) (QR) .which was further confirmed by Raman mapping.

  20. 铜经MBT和HQ钝化处理后在3.5%NaCl溶液中的电化学行为%Electrochemical behavior of copper passivated by MBT and HQ in 3.5%NaCl solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺甜; 谭澄宇; 唐娟; 郑勇

    2013-01-01

      采用循环伏安曲线、极化曲线和交流阻抗谱研究铜经2−巯基苯并噻唑(MBT)和8−羟基喹啉(HQ)钝化处理后在3.5%NaCl溶液中的电化学行为,利用扫描电镜观察铜经缓蚀溶液处理前后在3.5%NaCl 盐水中的腐蚀形貌。结果表明,MBT或HQ在铜表面形成的络合物膜能明显改善铜在3.5%NaCl溶液中的耐蚀能力;经0.5 mmol/L MBT+0.5 mmol/L HQ复配溶液处理后,其缓蚀率达90.3%;缓蚀剂的缓蚀效果由大到小的顺序为:MBT+HQ, MBT,HQ,Blank。分析了MBT与HQ两者具有缓蚀协同作用的机理。%The performance of benzotriazole(BTA) and 2­mercaptobenzothiazole(MBT) as corrosion inhibitors for copper was investigated in 3.5%NaCl solution. Potentiodynamic polarization, cyclic voltammogram and AC impedance spectroscopy were used to study the electrochemical behaviors of copper electrodes passivated by inhibitors and their complex. Corrosion morphologies of copper electrodes in 3.5%NaCl solution were observed directly by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results show that the complex compound films formatted by MBT or HQ on copper surface apparently increase the copper electrode anticorrosion in 3.5%NaCl solution. The anticorrosive efficiency of 0.5 mmol/LMBT+0.5 mmol/L HQ combined inhibitor is 90.3%. The anticorrosive effect order of those corrosion inhibitors is MBT+HQ>MBT>HQ>Blank. The mechanism of the synergistic effect for MBT and HQ has also been discussed in detail.

  1. 燃煤电厂脱硫烟囱防腐技术创新和应用探讨%Discussion on technology innovation of coal -fired power plant desulfurization chimney corrosion and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆虎; 吴金土

    2015-01-01

    Through the analysis of the existing coal-fired power plant desulfurization chimney corrosion technolo-gy, summed up the basic reason desulfurization chimney corrosion failures, technological innovation ideas pro-posed chimney desulfurization corrosion.And briefly describes the use of self-vulcanized butyl rubber anti-corrosion lining for coal-fired power plant desulfurization chimney antiseptic feasibility and success stories.%通过对现行燃煤电厂脱硫烟囱防腐技术分析,总结了脱硫烟囱防腐失效的原因,提出了脱硫烟囱防腐的技术创新思路。简要介绍了采用自硫化丁基橡胶防腐衬里对燃煤电厂脱硫烟囱进行防腐的可行性和成功案例。

  2. Noise resistance applied to the study paints; Aplicacion de la tecnica de ruido electroquimico al estudio de pinturas comerciales de efecto barrera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lanchas Garcia-Zarco, S.; Alfosin Perez, V.; Suarez Garcia, A.; Urrejola Madrinan, S.; Sanchez Bermudez, A.

    2015-03-30

    Electrochemical noise is one of the methods of analysis used to interpret the phenomenon of corrosion. It has a number of advantages over other methodology types including its simplicity, its low cost and the fact that it does not disturb the system. This methodology appears to be effective together with other techniques in metal-electrolyte systems. In this case the technique is applied on its own on commercial anti-corrosion paints for which no information is available from other techniques. The main result of this study reveals the effectiveness of the noise resistance parameter, which had already been tested in the lab, when it is used to explain how the paint system behaves in industry. (Author)

  3. A Study on Salt Attack Protection of Structural and Finishing Materials in Power Plant Structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, W.B.; Kweon, K.J.; Suh, Y.P.; Nah, H.S.; Lee, K.J.; Park, D.S.; Jo, Y.K. [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Taejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-12-31

    This is a final report written by both KEPRI and KICT as a co-operative research titled {sup A} study on Salt Protection of Structural and Finishings in Power Plant Structures{sup .} This study presented the methods to prevent the chloride-induced corrosion of power plant structures through collection and analysis of research datum relating to design, construction and maintenance for the prevention of structural and finishing materials, thru material performance tests for anti-corrosion under many kinds of chloride-induced corrosion environments. As a result, this study proposed the guidelines for design, construction and maintenance of power plant structures due to chloride-induced corrosion. (author). 257 refs., 111 figs., 86 tabs.

  4. 钛白冷冻结晶罐钛材包覆搅拌器的应用技术%Application of Titanium Coated Agitator in Freezing and Crystallization Vessels for Titanium Dioxide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏步前

    2001-01-01

    本文探讨了钛材在钛白冷冻结晶罐中防腐蚀的机理,提出了钛材用作防腐蚀层的搅拌包覆层的结构设计,制造技术及成本和可靠性分析。%The anticorrosion mechanism of titanium naterial in the freezingand crystallization vessels for titanium dioxide was discussed in this article.The structural design of using titanium as the coated layer to protect corrosion for the agitator,the fabrication thechnique and the method for the cost analysis and reliability analysis were also introduced.

  5. CORROSION BEHAVIOR OF A ZIRCONIUM-TITANIUM BASED PHOSPHONIC ACID CONVERSION COATING ON AA6061 ALUMINIUM ALLOY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S.H.Wang; C.S.Liu; F.J.Shan

    2008-01-01

    The conversion coating was formed by dipping AA6061 in a fluorotitanate/zirconate acid and amino trimethylene phosphonic acid (ATMP) solution at room temperature. The formation process and the anti-corrosion performance of the conversion coating were investigated using electrochemical test and salt spray test (SST),respectively. The electrochemical test shows that the Zr/Ti and ATMP coating improves the cor-rosion resistance of AA6061 as good as the chromate (Ⅵ) coating.But the results of SST show that the corrosion resistance of Zr/Ti and ATMP coating is not as good as the chromate (Ⅵ) coating.The corrosion area is less than 2% after 72 h.

  6. Boric Acid as an Accelerator of Cerium Surface Treatment on Aluminum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Cruz-Hernández

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aluminum pieces are often used in various industrial processes like automotive and aerospace manufacturing, as well as in ornamental applications, so it is necessary to develop processes to protect these materials, processes that can be industrialized to protect the aluminum as well or better than chromate treatments. The purpose of this research is to evaluate boric acid as an accelerator by optimizing its concentration in cerium conversion coatings (CeCC with 10-minute immersion time with a concentration of 0.1 g L−1 over aluminum to protect it. The evaluation will be carried out by measuring anticorrosion properties with electrochemical techniques (polarization resistance, Rp, polarization curves, PC, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, EIS in NaCl 3.5% wt. aqueous solution and surface characterization with scanning electron microscopy (SEM.

  7. Novel accelerated corrosion test for LY12CZ and LC4CS aluminum alloys

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Jian-ping; LIU Ming

    2006-01-01

    A new accelerated corrosion test-comprehensive environmental test (CET) was developed in order to estimate the outdoor corrosion of aluminum alloys in marine environment. The environmental characteristics in CET were studied by atmospheric corrosion monitor (ACM), and the morphology of corrosion product was observed by SEM. The correlation between the accelerated corrosion tests and outdoor exposure was discussed. The results show that the anti-corrosion ranking for LY12CZ, LC4CS, clad LY12CZ, and clad LC4CS in CET is the same as that of the alloys exposed outdoor, and ACM study shows that CET demonstrates the same environmental characteristics as that exposed outdoor. CET is a more accurate accelerated corrosion test, and a mathematical relation was obtained to describe the relation between CET and outdoor test.

  8. Corrosion behavior of Zn-Ni-Al2O3 composite coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Huanyu; AN Maozhong; LU Junfeng

    2006-01-01

    The corrosion behavior and anti-corrosion mechanism of the Zn-Ni-Al2O3 composite coating were investigated by SEM, EDS and XPS.The results indicate that the corrosion type of the Zn-Ni-Al2O3 coatings in neutral 5 wt.% NaCl solution is uniform corrosion.The presence of compact and uniformly dispersed nano alumina particles substantially inhibits the corrosion of Zn-Ni-Al2O3 composite coatings.In the initial corrosion stage, the corrosive products of Zn-Ni matrix form a compact ZnCl2·4Zn(OH)2 layer.With the development of corrosion, some nano alumina particles are embedded and form a Ni enrichment layer.In Ni enrichment layer, Ni presents as Ni and NiO.

  9. Electrophoretic deposition and electrochemical behavior of novel graphene oxide-hyaluronic acid-hydroxyapatite nanocomposite coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ming; Liu, Qian; Jia, Zhaojun; Xu, Xuchen; Shi, Yuying; Cheng, Yan; Zheng, Yufeng; Xi, Tingfei; Wei, Shicheng

    2013-11-01

    Novel ternary graphene oxide-hyaluronic acid-hydroxyapatite (GO-HY-HA) nanocomposite coatings were prepared on Ti substrate using anodic electrophoretic deposition (EPD). Hyaluronic acid was employed as charging additive and dispersion agent during EPD. The kinetics and mechanism of the deposition, and the microstructure of the coated samples were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectrum, thermo-gravimetric analysis, and microscopic Fourier transform infrared analysis. The results showed that the addition of GO sheets into the HY-HA suspensions could increase the deposition rate and inhibit cracks creation and propagation in the coatings. The corrosion resistant of the resulting samples were evaluated using potentiodynamic polarization method in simulated body fluid, and the GO-HY-HA coatings could effectively improve the anti-corrosion property of the Ti substrate.

  10. The construction key points of city pipeline engineering%城市管道工程施工要点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程文海

    2012-01-01

    Combining with the working practice,this paper summarized the construction key points of city pipeline project,including the trench excavation,pipe installation,pipe anti-corrosion insulation,pipe functional test and backfilling etc.,provided reference for a variety of pipeline construction.%结合工作实践,综述了城市管道工程的施工要点,包括沟槽开挖、管道安装、管道防腐保温、管道功能性试验及回填等,为城市各种管道工程施工提供参考与借鉴。

  11. Application of Potassium Cinnamon in the Soft Drinks%肉桂酸钾在软饮料中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春发; 徐峥嵘

    2012-01-01

    在分析软饮料中使用防腐剂存在问题的基础上,从广谱性和安全实用性2方面介绍了肉桂酸钾的性能特点,阐述了肉桂酸钾在软饮料中的防腐机理,并对肉桂酸钾应用于软饮料防腐剂的研究方向进行了展望。%Based on analyzing the existing problems of preservatives in the soft drinks, the performance characteristics of potassium cinnamate were introduced from the aspects of wide-adaptability and safety applicability. The anticorrosion mechanism of potassium cinnamate in soft drinks was described. Then, the research direction of potassium cinnamate aplied in soft drinks was prospected.

  12. Optically Transparent, Mechanically Durable, Nanostructured Superhydrophobic Surfaces Enabled by Spinodally Phase-Separated Glass Thin Films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aytug, Tolga [ORNL; Christen, David K [ORNL; Hillesheim, Daniel A [ORNL; Hunter, Scott Robert [ORNL; Ivanov, Ilia N [ORNL; Jellison Jr, Gerald Earle [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Trejo, Rosa M [ORNL; Winters, Kyle O. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Haynes, James A [ORNL; Simpson, John T [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    Inspired by highly non-wetting natural biological surfaces (e.g., lotus leaves and water strider legs), artificial superhydrophobic surfaces that exhibit water droplet contact angles exceeding 150o have previously been constructed by utilizing various synthesis strategies.[ , , ] Such bio-inspired, water-repellent surfaces offer significant potential for numerous uses ranging from marine applications (e.g., anti-biofouling, anti-corrosion), anti-condensation (e.g., anti-icing, anti-fogging), membranes for selective separation (e.g., oil-water, gas-liquid), microfluidic systems, surfaces requiring reduced maintenance and cleaning, to applications involving glasses and optical materials.[ ] In addition to superhydrophobic attributes, for integration into device systems that have extended operational limits and overall improved performance, surfaces that also possess multifunctional characteristics are desired, where the functionality should match to the application-specific requirements.

  13. Development of inorganic and organic hybrid nanocoating based on carbon nanotubes for corrosion resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, T H; Bagkar, Nitin C; Jung, Y S; Chun, H H; Shin, S C; Cho, H; Kim, J K; Kim, T G

    2014-10-01

    In this study, we report the synthesis and characterization of novel hybrid nanocoating based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on anodized aluminum surfaces (AAO). The hybrid nanocoating was deposited by number of methods which include spray coating, spin coating and dip coating. The bonding of nanocoating with metal surface is an important parameter for successful modification of the metal surfaces. The improved adhesion of nanocoating on metal surfaces could be attributed to chemical bonding of sol-gel nanocoating with anodized surfaces. The nanocoated anodized aluminum surfaces showed superior adhesion and excellent anticorrosive properties. The nanocoated panels showed enhanced galvanic protection comparable to 80% of titanium metal as determined by galvanic corrosion measurements. It also showed higher thermal conductivities than stainless steel and bare anodized surfaces. PMID:25942874

  14. Nitriding treatment of reduced activation ferritic steel as functional layer for liquid breeder blanket

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of functional layers such as a tritium permeation barrier and an anti-corrosion layer is the essential technology for the development of a molten salt type self cooled fusion blanket. In the present study, the characteristics of a nitriding treatment on a reduced activation ferritic steel, JLF-1 (Fe-9Cr-2W-0.1C) as the functional layer were investigated. The steel surface was nitrided by an ion nitriding treatment or a radical nitriding treatment. The nitridation characteristic of the steel surface was made clear based on the thermodynamic stability. The thermal diffusivity, the hydrogen permeability and the chemical stability in the molten salt Flinak were investigated. The results indicated that the nitriding treatment can improve the compatibility in the Flinak without the decrease of the thermal diffusivity, though there was little improvement as the hydrogen permeation barrier. (author)

  15. An Investigation on Corrosion Behavior of a Multi-layer Modified Aluminum Brazing Sheet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Wei

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The corrosion behavior of a multi-layer modified aluminum brazing sheet (AA4045/3003Mod./AA7072/AA4045 was investigated. The results shows that, the existence of BDP, which forms at the interface between clad and core layer during brazing, changes the corrosion form of the air side of the material from inter-granular corrosion to local exfoliation corrosion. The addition of anti-corrosion layer makes the corrosion form of the water side from inter-granular corrosion into uniform exfoliation corrosion. Compared to the normal triple-layer brazing sheet at the same thickness, the time to perforation of the modified four-layer brazing sheet is increased by more than 200%.

  16. Study on the electrochemical properties of MgNi-CuO hydrogen storage composite materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To study the effect of CuO on the electrochemical properties of MgNi alloy, the MgNi-xCuO (x = 3, 5 and 10 wt%) composites were prepared by ball-milling method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that the structures of the composites were amorphous. The cycle stability of the composites was improved compared to pure MgNi alloy due to the enhancement of the anti-corrosion property in the alkaline electrolyte, and the composite with 5 wt% CuO ball-milled for 15 h exhibited the best performance. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potential-step measurements indicated that the electrochemical kinetics of the composites was improved.

  17. Preparation of hyperthermal lithium complex grease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAO Da-heng; FENG Hao; SUN Xiao-ya

    2005-01-01

    Using 12-hydroxystearate, nonan-edioic acid and lithium hydroxide as thickener, refined mineral oil and synthetic oil as base oil, along with some structure improver, antioxidant and anti-wear extreme pressure additive, lithium complex grease was developed. The dropping point of the grease is 331℃, friction factor is 0.025-0.026 under 1.0kN, especially above 220℃, its friction factor is 2/3 of those of urea-based greases and other high temperature greases. At the same time, it has good waterproof, anti-oxidation effect and anti-corrosion properties. The results of the field experiment proves that its working temperature is higher than 600℃, and it has reasonable working life in 800℃.

  18. Spin-Coated Polyelectrolyte Coacervate Films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Kristopher D; Schlenoff, Joseph B

    2015-07-01

    Thin films of complexes made from oppositely charged polyelectrolytes have applications as supported membranes for separations, cell growth substrates, anticorrosion coatings, biocompatible coatings, and drug release media, among others. The relatively recent technique of layer-by-layer assembly reliably yields conformal coatings on substrates but is impractically slow for films with thickness greater than about 1 μm, even when accelerated many fold by spraying and/or spin assembly. In the present work, thin, uniform, smooth films of a polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) are rapidly made by spin-coating a polyelectrolyte coacervate, a strongly hydrated viscoelastic liquidlike form of PEC, on a substrate. While the apparatus used to deposit the PEC film is conventional, the behavior of the coacervate, especially the response to salt concentration, is highly nontraditional. After glassification by immersion in water, spun-on films may be released from their substrates to yield free-standing membranes of thickness in the micrometer range.

  19. Controlling the release of active compounds from the inorganic carrier halloysite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Halloysite (HNTs), a natural material characterized by a nanotube structure, has been used as an inorganic carrier of active compounds in several applications from medicine to anticorrosion coatings. In this present work, vanillin (VAN) used as a antimicrobial model, has been encapsulated within HNTs for exploiting its applicability in the active food packaging sector. The molecule release rate has been controlled by crosslinking at the tube ends the loaded vanillin with copper ions, thus producing a stopper network. The vanillin-loaded HNTs were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermo gravimetric analysis. The antimicrobial release kinetics from the loaded nanoparticles (VAN/HNTs) in water was investigated using UV-vis spectroscopy. The results show that the vanillin crosslinked with cupper ions is a feasible method to tailor the release rate of antimicrobial model from HTNs nanoparticles

  20. Synthesis and characterization of fly ash-zinc oxide nanocomposite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunal Yeole

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Fly ash, generated in thermal power plants, is recognized as an environmental pollutant. Thus, measures are required to be undertaken to dispose it in an environmentally friendly method. In this paper an attempt is made to coat zinc oxide nano-particles on the surface of fly ash by a simple and environmentally friendly facile chemical method, at room temperature. Zinc oxide may serve as effective corrosion inhibitor by providing sacrificial protection. Concentration of fly ash was varied as 5, 10 and 15 (w/w % of zinc oxide. It was found that crystallinity increased, whereas particle size, specific gravity and oil absorption value decreased with increased concentration of fly ash in zinc oxide, which is attributed to the uniform distribution of zinc oxide on the surface of fly ash. These nanocomposites can potentially be used in commercial applications as additive for anticorrosion coatings.

  1. Controlling the release of active compounds from the inorganic carrier halloysite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tescione, F.; Buonocore, G. G.; Stanzione, M.; Oliviero, M.; Lavorgna, M. [National Research Council - Institute of Composites and Biomedical Materials, P.le E. Fermi, 1 80055 Portici (Naples) (Italy)

    2014-05-15

    Halloysite (HNTs), a natural material characterized by a nanotube structure, has been used as an inorganic carrier of active compounds in several applications from medicine to anticorrosion coatings. In this present work, vanillin (VAN) used as a antimicrobial model, has been encapsulated within HNTs for exploiting its applicability in the active food packaging sector. The molecule release rate has been controlled by crosslinking at the tube ends the loaded vanillin with copper ions, thus producing a stopper network. The vanillin-loaded HNTs were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermo gravimetric analysis. The antimicrobial release kinetics from the loaded nanoparticles (VAN/HNTs) in water was investigated using UV-vis spectroscopy. The results show that the vanillin crosslinked with cupper ions is a feasible method to tailor the release rate of antimicrobial model from HTNs nanoparticles.

  2. Controlling the release of active compounds from the inorganic carrier halloysite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tescione, F.; Buonocore, G. G.; Stanzione, M.; Oliviero, M.; Lavorgna, M.

    2014-05-01

    Halloysite (HNTs), a natural material characterized by a nanotube structure, has been used as an inorganic carrier of active compounds in several applications from medicine to anticorrosion coatings. In this present work, vanillin (VAN) used as a antimicrobial model, has been encapsulated within HNTs for exploiting its applicability in the active food packaging sector. The molecule release rate has been controlled by crosslinking at the tube ends the loaded vanillin with copper ions, thus producing a stopper network. The vanillin-loaded HNTs were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermo gravimetric analysis. The antimicrobial release kinetics from the loaded nanoparticles (VAN/HNTs) in water was investigated using UV-vis spectroscopy. The results show that the vanillin crosslinked with cupper ions is a feasible method to tailor the release rate of antimicrobial model from HTNs nanoparticles.

  3. Deposition of electroless Ni-P/Ni-W-P duplex coatings on AZ91D magnesium alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The electroless Ni-P/Ni-W-P duplex coatings were deposited directly on AZ91D magnesium alloy by all acid-sulfate nickel bath.Nickel suitIhate and sodium tungstate were used as metal ion sources and sodium hypophosphite was used as reducing agent.The coating was characterized for its structure,morphologies,microhardness and corrosion properties.The presence of dense and coarse nodules in the duplex coatings Was observed by SEM and EDS.Tungsten content in Ni-P/Ni-W-P alloy is about 0.65%(mass fraction)and the phosphorus content is 8.1 8%(mass fraction).The microhardness of the coatings is 622 VHN.The coating shows good adhesion to the substrate.The results of electrochemical analysis,the porosity and the immersion test show that Ni-P/Ni-W-P duplex coatings possess noble anticorrosion properties to protect the AZ91D magnesium alloy.

  4. Functional Coatings or Films for Hard-Tissue Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guocheng Wang

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Metallic biomaterials like stainless steel, Co-based alloy, Ti and its alloys are widely used as artificial hip joints, bone plates and dental implants due to their excellent mechanical properties and endurance. However, there are some surface-originated problems associated with the metallic implants: corrosion and wear in biological environments resulting in ions release and formation of wear debris; poor implant fixation resulting from lack of osteoconductivity and osteoinductivity; implant-associated infections due to the bacterial adhesion and colonization at the implantation site. For overcoming these surface-originated problems, a variety of surface modification techniques have been used on metallic implants, including chemical treatments, physical methods and biological methods. This review surveys coatings that serve to provide properties of anti-corrosion and anti-wear, biocompatibility and bioactivity, and antibacterial activity.

  5. Hydrogenation Wastewater Stripping System of Corrosion Protection Study%加氢污水汽提系统的防腐蚀研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裘蓓蓓

    2015-01-01

    加氢污水汽提系统腐蚀大于非加氢污水汽提系统,本文对加氢系统腐蚀介质来源及腐蚀机理进行了分析。采用Tafel曲线外推法对加氢系统进行了防腐措施研究,在此基础上找出了较优的缓蚀剂和防护材料。%Hydrogenated water stripping system corrosion is greater than the wastewater stripping system, in this paper, the hydrogenation system source of corrosion and corrosion mechanism are analyzed.The Tafel curve extrapolation method is adopted to hydrogenation system to study the anticorrosion measures, on the basis offi nding out the better corrosion inhibitor and protective material.

  6. Analysis of Wetting Characteristics on Microstructured Hydrophobic Surfaces for the Passive Containment Cooling System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Zhao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available As the heat transfer surface in the passive containment cooling system, the anticorrosion coating (AC of steel containment vessel (CV must meet the requirements on heat transfer performance. One of the wall surface ACs with simple structure, high mechanical strength, and well hydrophobic characteristics, which is conductive to form dropwise condensation, is significant for the heat removal of the CV. In this paper, the grooved structures on silicon wafers by lithographic methods are systematically prepared to investigate the effects of microstructures on the hydrophobic property of the surfaces. The results show that the hydrophobicity is dramatically improved in comparison with the conventional Wenzel and Cassie-Baxter model. In addition, the experimental results are successfully explained by the interface state effect. As a consequence, it is indicated that favorable hydrophobicity can be obtained even if the surface is with lower roughness and without any chemical modifications, which provides feasible solutions for improving the heat transfer performance of CV.

  7. Surface characteristic of stainless steel sheet after pulsed laser forming

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laser forming is a non-contact and die-less forming technique of producing bending, spatial forming, modifying and adjusting the curvature of the metallic sheet by using the controlled laser beam energy. One of the problems in laser forming is controlling the characteristic of laser scanned surface. The aim of the investigation is to explore the relation between the surface behaviors of heat affected zone (HAZ) scanned by pulse laser and the pulse parameters of the laser. This paper illustrated the fundamental theory of pulsed laser affected material, and pays attention to the microstructure, micro-hardness and the anticorrosion in the HAZ generated by the laser scanning. Metallographic microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM), micro-hardness testing system are used to examine the surface characteristics. The work presented in this paper is beneficial to understand the mechanism of pulse laser affect to materials and improve controlling the surface behaviors scanned by pulsed laser.

  8. Oxidation and Corrosion Behavior of Nanolaminated MAX-Phase Ti2AlC Film Synthesized by High-Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering and Annealing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianjian Fu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nanolaminated MAX-phase Ti2AlC thin films were synthesized by high-power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS from a MAX-phase Ti2AlC target. The amorphous matrix Ti-Al-C films were deposited at room temperature, while the MAX-phase Ti2AlC films were obtained through annealing process of the as-deposited amorphous matrix films. The microstructure, oxidation resistance, and corrosion behavior of these two films were comparatively investigated. The results indicated that the MAX-phase Ti2AlC films had superior antioxidation and anticorrosion properties than the amorphous matrix Ti-Al-C films, which is attributed to the rapid formation of dense Al2O3 layer on the top of MAX-phase Ti2AlC films because of the rapid diffusion of Al atoms in the typical nanolaminated structure of MAX phase.

  9. 浅谈钢结构制作在桥梁加固中的关键工艺及质量控制措施%On the steel production in Bridge strengthening the key process and quality control measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    忽国奇

    2012-01-01

      钢结构工程中,钢结构制作的关键技术在于钢构件几何尺寸精度的控制、焊接质量的控制及防腐处理的控制。结合工程实例,重点介绍了钢结构关键施工工艺的特点及质量控制措施。%  steel structure engineering, steel production in the key technology is the control of the geometry precision steel components, welding quality control and the control of anti-corrosion treatment.With an example, focuses on the steel structure key characteristics of the construction process and quality control measures.

  10. ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY ANODIZING ON AZ91D MAGNESIUM ALLOYS AND COATING CHARACTERISTICS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A. Saijo; M. Hino; M. Hiramatsu; T. Kanadani

    2005-01-01

    An environmental friendly anodizing treatment (Anomag) from a phosphate-based solution without heavy metals on AZ91D magnesium alloy was studied. The characteristics of the coatings,such as structure, composition and corrosion resistance were investigated. The effects of this anodizing treatment on the mechanical properties were examined. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed that the structure of the coatings is amorphous or glassy. In salt spray tests coatings with an average thickness of 10μm had an anticorrosive performance of over 1000 hours. Fatigue tests revealed that anodizing onto AZ91D magnesium alloy does not affect the fatigue strength. These results demonstrate the utility of this anodizing treatment on magnesium alloy for application as a structural material, such as in the automotive field.

  11. PREPARATION AND CORROSION RESISTANCE OF NiP/TiO2 COMPOSITE FILM ON CARBON STEEL IN SULFURIC ACID SOLUTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L.Z. Song; S.Z. Song; J. Zhao

    2006-01-01

    A NiP/TiO2 composite film on carbon steel was prepared by electroless plating and sol-gel composite process. An artificial neural network was applied to optimize the prepared condition of the composite film. Corrosion behavior of the NiP/TiO2 composite film was investigated by polarization resistance measurement, anode polarization, ESEM (environmental scanning electron microscopy)and EIS (electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) measurements. Results showed that the NiP/TiO2 composite film has a good corrosion resistance in 0.5mol/L H2SO4 solution. The element valence of the composite film was characterized by XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) spectrum, and an anticorrosion mechanism of the composite film was discussed.

  12. Corrosion protection of AZ91 magnesium alloy by anodizing in niobium and zirconium-containing electrolytes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new Nb + Zr-based anodized coating was designed for the corrosion protection of AZ91 magnesium alloy. Polarization curves and electrochemical impedance diagrams plotted in Na2SO4 electrolyte showed its high protective effect. Analysis of the chemical composition by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated that the coating mainly consisted of (i) magnesium metaborate and metaphosphate, (ii) MgF2 and ZrF4, and (iii) Nb2O5, ZrO2 and MgO. A higher concentration of fluorine at both interfaces and an enrichment in Zr compared to Nb were revealed by SEM and EDS analyses. Thus, Zr-based compounds and MgF2 play a key role in the anti-corrosion ability of the coating.

  13. Development of methodology for identification the nature of the polyphenolic extracts by FTIR associated with multivariate analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grasel, Fábio dos Santos; Ferrão, Marco Flôres; Wolf, Carlos Rodolfo

    2016-01-01

    Tannins are polyphenolic compounds of complex structures formed by secondary metabolism in several plants. These polyphenolic compounds have different applications, such as drugs, anti-corrosion agents, flocculants, and tanning agents. This study analyses six different type of polyphenolic extracts by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) combined with multivariate analysis. Through both principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), we observed well-defined separation between condensed (quebracho and black wattle) and hydrolysable (valonea, chestnut, myrobalan, and tara) tannins. For hydrolysable tannins, it was also possible to observe the formation of two different subgroups between samples of chestnut and valonea and between samples of tara and myrobalan. Among all samples analysed, the chestnut and valonea showed the greatest similarity, indicating that these extracts contain equivalent chemical compositions and structure and, therefore, similar properties.

  14. ARTICLES: Preparation and Characterization of Nanostructured Ni-TiN Composite Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jie; Cai, Chao; Ma, Shi-liang; Cao, Fa-he; Zhang, Zhao; Zhang, Jian-qing

    2010-06-01

    Ni-TiN nanocomposite films were produced from a Ni plating bath containing TiN nanoparticles by using dc electroplating method. The structure and surface morphology of Ni-TiN composite coatings were analyzed by atom force microscope, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy. Meanwhile, the anti-corrosion properties, hardness and thermostability of Ni-TiN nanocomposite films were also investigated and compared with the traditional polycrystalline Ni coatings. The results show that, compared with the traditional polycrystalline Ni film, Ni-TiN nanocomposite coatings display much better corrosion resistance, higher film hardness, and thermal stability. In addition, the hardness of Ni-TiN nanocomposite coatings decreases slightly with the increase of electroplating current density, which may be due to the synergism of hydrogen evolution and faster nucleation/growth rate of nickel crystallites.

  15. Electrochemical deposition and characterization of zinc-nickel alloys deposited by direct and pulse current

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GORAN R. RADOVIC

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Chemical composition and phase structure of Zn-Ni alloys obtained by electrochemical deposition under various conditions were investigated. The alloys were deposited on a rotating disc electrode and steel panel from chloride solutions by direct and pulse current. The influence of the pulse plating variables (on-time, off-time, relation of off- and on-time on the composition, phase structure and corrosion properties were investigated. The phase composition affects the anticorrosive properties of Zn-Ni alloys during exposure to a corrosive agent (3 % NaCl solution. It was shown that a Zn-Ni alloy electrodeposited by pulse current with a pulse time of 1 ms and an off- and on-time ratio of 1 exhibits the best corrosion properties.

  16. Electrochemical deposition and characterization of zinc–nickel alloys deposited by direct and reverse current

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JELENA B. BAJAT

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Zn–Ni alloys electrochemically deposited on steel under various deposition conditions were investigated. The alloys were deposited on a rotating disc electrode and on a steel panel from chloride solutions by direct and reverse current. The influence of reverse plating variables (cathodic and anodic current densities and their time duration on the composition, phase structure and corrosion properties were investigated. The chemical content and phase composition affect the anticorrosive properties of Zn–Ni alloys during exposure to a corrosive agent (3 % NaCl solution. It was shown that the Zn–Ni alloy electrodeposited by reverse current with a full period T = 1 s and r = 0.2 exhibits the best corrosion properties of all the investigated alloys deposited by reverse current.

  17. Electrodeposition and Corrosion Resistance Properties of Zn-Ni/TiO2 Nano composite Coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. M. Praveen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nano sized TiO2 particles were prepared by sol-gel method. TiO2 nano particles were dispersed in zinc-nickel sulphate electrolyte and thin film of Zn-Ni-TiO2 composite was generated by electrodeposition on mild steel plates. The effect of TiO2 on the corrosion behavior and hardness of the composite coatings was investigated. The film was tested for its corrosion resistance property using electrochemical, weight loss, and salt spray methods. The paper revealed higher resistance of composite coating to corrosion. Microhardness of the composite coating was determined. Scanning electron microscope images and X-ray diffraction patterns of coating revealed its fine-grain nature. Average crystalline size of the composite coating was calculated. The anticorrosion mechanism of the composite coating was also discussed.

  18. The study of steel protection effect by application of molten active microalloyed aluminum and by covering that composition by organic coating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purenović Milovan M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the steel active-passive anticorrosive protection was done. Steel plates samples with dimensions 40 ×100 ×2 millimeters were used. Samples surfaces preparation was done by degreasing, then by sandblasting by pneumatic pistol. The metallising by molten metal was done by hand pistol which worked with metal vein "Protector" (ø 3,18 millimeters of electrochemical active anode material on the basis of microalloyed aluminum. The mentioned application was done twice and obtained layer thickness was 150-200 micrometers. After this operation, organic coating "Vinilpom", the product of Coatings Industry "Pomoravlje", was applied. Coating quality was followed by measuring of coating thickness, of dried film hardness, level of connecting with a base and of gloss. Whole composition steel - "Protector", organic coating electrochemical study was done by measuring of galvanic team electrochemical potential change in 20% NaCl solution, during the time.

  19. Corrosion Resistance of Electroless Ni-Cu-P Ternary Alloy Coatings in Acidic and Neutral Corrosive Mediums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mbouillé Cissé

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Electroless Ni-Cu-P alloy coatings were deposited on the ordinary steel substrate in an acidic hypophosphite-type plating bath. These coatings were characterized by a scanning electron microscope (SEM and an X-ray diffraction. The micrograph shows that coating presents a nodular aspect and is relatively homogeneous and very smooth. The EDX analysis shows that the coating contains 12 wt.% of phosphorus element with a predominance of nickel element. In addition, the anticorrosion properties of the Ni-Cu-P coatings in 1 M HCl, 1 M H2SO4, and 3% NaCl solutions were investigated using Tafel polarization curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and SEM/EDX analysis. The result showed a marginal improvement in corrosion resistance in 3% NaCl solution compared to acidic medium. It also showed that the corrosion mechanism depends on the nature of the solution.

  20. Effect of Bath ph on Electroless Ni-P Coating Deposited on Open-Cell Aluminum Foams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jiaan; Si, Fujian; Li, Dong; Liu, Yan; Cao, Zheng; Wang, Guoyong

    2015-09-01

    Different electroless Ni-P coatings were deposited on open-cell aluminum foams at various bath pH. The effect of bath pH on the morphology, structure, components, phases and corrosion resistance of the Ni-P coating was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), immersion test and electrochemical polarization measurement, respectively. The experimental results show that the bath pH not only changed the reactivity of the bath, but also had a influence on the microstructure and anticorrosive property of electroless Ni-P coating. The high pH bath raises the thickness of Ni-P coating but decreases the content of phosphorus element in the Ni-P coating. The corrosion resistance of the coated aluminum foams increases when the bath pH rises.

  1. Controllable growth of durable superhydrophobic coatings on a copper substrate via electrodeposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ge; Lu, Shixiang; Xu, Wenguo; Szunerits, Sabine; Boukherroub, Rabah; Zhang, Haifeng

    2015-04-28

    Superhydrophobic coatings on a copper substrate are grown via electrodeposition followed by thermal annealing. The influence of the deposition potential, zinc ion concentration, deposition time, annealing temperature and annealing time on the wetting properties was systematically investigated. The coating electrodeposited at -1.35 V for 25 min and annealed at 190 °C for 60 min exhibited excellent superhydrophobicity with a contact angle as high as 170 ± 2° and a sliding angle of almost 0°. The water drop can fully bounce as a balloon when impinging such a solid surface, exhibiting excellent non-sticking properties. By adopting various characterization methods, it was demonstrated that the as-prepared superhydrophobic surfaces also exhibited properties of anticorrosion, antiabrasion, long-term stability and durability and large buoyancy force, which offer an effective strategy and promising industrial applications for fabricating superhydrophobic surfaces on various metallic materials. PMID:25821030

  2. In vitro and in vivo studies on biodegradable magnesium alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lida Hou; Zhen Li; Yu Pan; Li Du; Xinlin Li; Yufeng Zheng; Li Li

    2014-01-01

    The microstructure, mechanical property, electrochemical behavior and biocompatibility of magnesium alloy (BioDe MSM™) were studied in the present work. The experimental results demonstrated that grain refining induced by extrusion improves the alloy strength significantly from 162 MPa for the as-cast alloy to 241 MPa for the as-extruded one. The anticorrosion properties of the as-extruded alloy also increased. Furthermore, the hemolysis ratio was decreased from 4.7%for the as-cast alloy to 2.9%for the as-extruded one, both below 5%. BioDe MSM™alloy shows good biocompatibility after being implanted into the dorsal muscle and the femoral shaft of the New Zealand rabbit, respectively, and there are no abnormalities after short-term implantation. In vivo observation indicated that the corrosion rate of this alloy varies with different implantation positions, with higher degradation rate in the femur than in the muscle.

  3. Effect of surface modification of Cu with Ag by ball-milling on the corrosion resistance of low infrared emissivity coating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yan Xiaoxing, E-mail: yanxiaoxing@nuaa.edu.c [College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Jiangjun Street, Nanjing 211100 (China); Xu Guoyue [College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Jiangjun Street, Nanjing 211100 (China)

    2010-01-25

    The corrosion resistance of low infrared emissivity copper/polyurethane (Cu/PU) coating was markedly improved by surface modification of Cu with silver (Ag) using a ball-milling method. For the purpose of clarifying the effect of the surface modification, the phase and morphology of as-prepared products were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the corrosion behavior was investigated with potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS). As a result, it was found that Ag was homogeneously distributed in Cu and the encapsulation of oil layer on the surface of Ag-Cu composite powders was formed after ball-milling, therefore, compatibility with organic phase was improved, which often keeps the low infrared emissivity and enhances the anti-corrosion performance of the coating.

  4. Electroless deposition of W-doped Ag films onto p-Si(100) from diluted HF solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Wei-chun; MA Chuan-li; WANG Chun-ming; ZHOU Feng

    2009-01-01

    Tungsten-doped silver films were prepared by immersing hydrogen-terminated silicon wafers into the solution of 2.5 mmol/L [Ag_2WO_4]+0.1 mol/L HF at 50 ℃.Their growth and composition were characterized with atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,respectively.The effect of tungstate ions on the deposition of silver was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) by comparing W-doped Ag film with Ag film.It is found that the molar fraction of tungsten in the deposits is about 2.3% and the O to W molar ratio was about 4.0 and W-doped Ag films have good anti-corrosion in air at 350 ℃.The doping of tungsten cannot change the deposition of silver.

  5. Aviation Lubricants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lansdown, A. R.; Lee, S.

    Aviation lubricants must be extremely reliable, withstand high specific loadings and extreme environmental conditions within short times. Requirements are critical. Piston engines increasingly use multi-grade oils, single grades are still used extensively, with anti-wear and anti-corrosion additives for some classes of engines. The main gas turbine lubricant problem is transient heat exposure, the main base oils used are synthetic polyol esters which minimise thermal degradation. Aminic anti-oxidants are used together with anti-wear/load-carrying, corrosion inhibitor and anti-foam additives. The majority of formulation viscosities are 5 cSt at 100°C. Other considerations are seal compatibility and coking tendency.

  6. Investigation on surface hardening and corrosion characteristic by water cavitation peening with time for Al 5052-O alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seongjong; Hyun, Koangyong [Mokpo Maritime Univ., Mokpo (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-04-15

    The cavity formed by the ultrasonic generation in the fluid with the application of water cavitation peening collides into the metal surface. At this time, the surface modification effect such as the work hardening presents by the compressive residual stress formed due to the localized plastic deformation. In this investigation, the water cavitation peening technology in the distilled water with the lapse of time was applied to 5052-O aluminum alloy for aluminum ship of a high value. So, the optimum water cavitation peening time on the effect for surface hardening and anti-corrosion property was investigated. Consequently, the water cavitatin peening time on excellent hardness and corrosion resistance characteristic presented 3.5 min and 5.0 min, respectively. The surface hardness in the optimum water cavitation peening time was improved approximately 45% compared to the non-WCPed condition. In addition, corrosion current density was decreased.

  7. Improvement in corrosion resistance of magnesium coating with cerium treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Samia Ben Hassen; Latifa Bousselmi; Patricc Bercot; El Mustafa Rezrazi; Ezzeddine Triki

    2009-01-01

    Corrosion protection afforded by a magnesium coating treated in cerium salt solution on steel substrate was investigated using open circuit potential, polarization curves, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in 0.005 M sodium chloride solution (NaCl). The morphology of the surface was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The cerium treated coating was obtained by immersion in CeCl3 solution. The results showed that the corrosion resistance of the treated magnesium coating was improved. The corrosion potential of the treated coating was found to be nobler than that of the untreated magnesium coating and the corrosion current decreased significantly. Impedance results showed that the cerium treatment increased corrosion protection. The improvement of anti-corrosion properties was ataibuted to the formation of cerium oxides and hydroxides that gave to a physical barrier effect.

  8. 某600 MW机组烟煤锅炉低N0x改造及效果分析%Low NOx Retrofit for Certain 600 MW Bituminous Coal Boiler and Performance Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁鹏飞

    2013-01-01

    The retrofit effect of certain 600 MW bituminous coal boiler indicates that low NOx combustion technology can reduce the NOx production to 70%, but there are some problems, such as combustion economy and large spray water. Strong reduction atmosphere of burner zone may cause high temperature corrosion on water wall. Therefore, it is suggested to spray some anticorrosive material for prevention.%对某600 MW机组烟煤锅炉进行低NOx改造,改造后锅炉总体性能良好,NOx减排达到70%.但改造对锅炉燃烧经济性、减温水量产生负面影响,同时主燃烧器区形成的强还原性气氛还可能对水冷壁造成高温腐蚀,必须采取喷涂等防腐手段加以预防.

  9. Aluminium Electrodeposition from Ionic Liquid: Effect of Deposition Temperature and Sonication †

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Berretti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Since their discovery, ionic liquids (ILs have attracted a wide interest for their potential use as a medium for many chemical processes, in particular electrochemistry. As electrochemical media they allow the electrodeposition of elements that are impossible to reduce in aqueous media. We have investigated the electrodeposition of aluminium from 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride ((BmimCl/AlCl3 (40/60 mol % as concerns the effect of deposition parameters on the quality of the deposits. Thick (20 μm aluminium coatings were electrodeposited on brass substrates at different temperatures and mixing conditions (mechanical stirring and sonication. These coatings were investigated by means of scanning electron microscope, roughness measurements, and X-ray diffraction to assess the morphology and the phase composition. Finally, electrochemical corrosion tests were carried out with the intent to correlate the deposition parameters to the anti-corrosion properties.

  10. In vitro study of polycaprolactone/bioactive glass composite coatings on corrosion and bioactivity of pure Mg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yuyun; Michalczyk, Carolin; Singer, Ferdinand; Virtanen, Sannakaisa; Boccaccini, Aldo R.

    2015-11-01

    The influence of the addition of nano-scaled bioactive glass (nBG) powder into polycaprolactone (PCL) coatings on the biodegradation and bioactivity of pure Mg was investigated in the present work. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electrochemical methods were employed to characterize the morphology, chemical composition and anticorrosion properties of the coatings. The results indicate that nBG addition in PCL increases the degradation of PCL in physiological solution; depending on the amount of nBG in the composite coating, the barrier properties of PCL therefore can be modified. At the same time, the addition of nBG facilitates the formation of hydroxyapatite during 7 days immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF).

  11. Development of methodology for identification the nature of the polyphenolic extracts by FTIR associated with multivariate analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grasel, Fábio dos Santos; Ferrão, Marco Flôres; Wolf, Carlos Rodolfo

    2016-01-15

    Tannins are polyphenolic compounds of complex structures formed by secondary metabolism in several plants. These polyphenolic compounds have different applications, such as drugs, anti-corrosion agents, flocculants, and tanning agents. This study analyses six different type of polyphenolic extracts by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) combined with multivariate analysis. Through both principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), we observed well-defined separation between condensed (quebracho and black wattle) and hydrolysable (valonea, chestnut, myrobalan, and tara) tannins. For hydrolysable tannins, it was also possible to observe the formation of two different subgroups between samples of chestnut and valonea and between samples of tara and myrobalan. Among all samples analysed, the chestnut and valonea showed the greatest similarity, indicating that these extracts contain equivalent chemical compositions and structure and, therefore, similar properties.

  12. Corrosion resistance, composition and structure of RE chemical conversion coating on magnesium alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Golden yellow rare earths chemical conversion coating was obtained on the surface of magnesium alloy by immersing in cerium sulfate solution.The corrosion resistance of RE conversion coating was evaluated using immersion test and potentiodynamic polarization measurements in 3.5%NaCl solution.The morphologies of samples before corrosion and after corrosion were observed by SEM.The structures and compositions of the RE conversion coating were studied by means of XPS.XRD and IR.The results show that,the conversion coating consists of mainly two kinds of element Ce and O,the valences of cerium are+3 and+4.and OH exists in the coating.The anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is increased obviously by rare earths conversion coating,Its self-corrosion current density decreases and the coating has self-repairing capability in the corrosion process in 3.5%NaCl solution.

  13. Cerium oxide as conversion coating for the corrosion protection of aluminum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JELENA GULICOVSKI

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available CeO2 coatings were formed on the aluminum after Al surface preparation, by dripping the ceria sol, previously prepared by forced hydrolysis of Ce(NO34. The anticorrosive properties of ceria coatings were investigated by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS during the exposure to 0.03 % NaCl. The morphology of the coatings was examined by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM. EIS data indicated considerably larger corrosion resistance of CeO2-coated aluminum than for bare Al. The corrosion processes on Al below CeO2 coating are subjected to more pronounced diffusion limitations in comparison to the processes below passive aluminum oxide film, as the consequence of the formation of highly compact protective coating. The results show that the deposition of ceria coatings is an effective way to improve corrosion resistance for aluminum.

  14. Distinctive colonization of Bacillus sp. bacteria and the influence of the bacterial biofilm on electrochemical behaviors of aluminum coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdoli, Leila; Suo, Xinkun; Li, Hua

    2016-09-01

    Formation of biofilm is usually essential for the development of biofouling and crucially impacts the corrosion of marine structures. Here we report the attachment behaviors of Bacillus sp. bacteria and subsequent formation of bacterial biofilm on stainless steel and thermal sprayed aluminum coatings in artificial seawater. The colonized bacteria accelerate the corrosion of the steel plates, and markedly enhance the anti-corrosion performances of the Al coatings in early growth stage of the bacterial biofilm. After 7days incubation, the biofilm formed on the steel is heterogeneous while exhibits homogeneous feature on the Al coating. Atomic force microscopy examination discloses inception of formation of local pitting on steel plates associated with significantly roughened surface. Electrochemical testing suggests that the impact of the bacterial biofilm on the corrosion behaviors of marine structures is not decided by the biofilm alone, it is instead attributed to synergistic influence by both the biofilm and physicochemical characteristics of the substratum materials.

  15. Development of a new solvent-free flow efficiency coating for natural gas pipelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fogg, Graham A.; Morse, Jennifer [Bredero Shaw, Houston, TX (United States)

    2005-07-01

    Pipeline design engineers have traditionally considered external anti-corrosion coatings for the protection of gas transmission pipelines, with less consideration given to the benefits of internal flow efficiency coatings. This paper reviews the benefits of using a traditional solvent-based flow efficiency coating, and the relationship between the internal surface roughness of a pipe, the pressure drop across the pipeline, and the maximum flow rate of gas through the pipeline. To improve upon existing solvent-based flow efficiency coatings, a research program was undertaken to develop a solvent-free coating. The stages in the development of this coating are discussed, resulting in the plant application of the coating and final qualification to API RP 5L2. (author)

  16. Corrosion resistance of Mg-Mn-Ce magnesium alloy modified by polymer plating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Polymeric nano-film on the surface of Mg-Mn-Ce magnesium alloy was fabricated by polymer plating of 6-dihexylamino-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-dithiol monosodium(DHN)to improve its corrosion resistance.The electrochemical reaction process was analyzed by cyclic voltammetry and two obvious peaks of oxidation reaction were observed.The static contact angle of distilled water on polymer-plated surface can be up to 106.3°while on the blank surface it is 45.8°.Potentiodynamic polarization results show that the polymeric film Can increase the corrosion potential from-1.594 V VS SCE for blank to-0.382 V VS SCE.The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy indicate that the charge transfer resistances of blank and polymer-plated fabricating hydrophobic film on Mg-Mn-Ce alloy surface and improving its anti-corrosion property.

  17. CHARACTERIZATION AND PROCESSING OF SCALES FROM THE MECHANICAL DESCALING OF CARBON STEELS FOR RECYCLING AS COATING PIGMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson de Oliveira Fraga

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The large volume of solid wastes generated as scales in Steel Mills accounts to circa 1% to 2% of the total steel production and has led to studies aiming the recycling of scales, usually resulting in products of low added value. In this study, scales from the mechanical descaling of SAE 1045 steel were characterized by SEM and by quantitative X-Ray diffraction (Rietveld method, as well as by differential thermal analysis, aiming to develop its pretreatment for the further use as lamellar pigments in anticorrosive coatings of high added value. Aspect ratios between 1:50 and 1:100 were obtained by the processing of scales, which allows the replacement of other micaceous iron oxides.

  18. Effect of Synthesizing Temperature on Microstructure and Electrochemical Property of the Hydrothermal Conversion Coating on Mg-2Zn-0.5Mn-Ca-Ce Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guanghui Guo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Mg(OH2 conversion coatings were formed on an Mg-2Zn-0.5Mn-Ca-Ce alloy via hydrothermal method at three different synthesizing temperatures (160, 170 and 180 °C. The effect of synthesizing temperature on microstructure and electrochemical property of the coatings were systematically studied. With increasing synthesizing temperature, the coating became thicker due to the faster reaction and deposition of Mg(OH2 on the α-Mg phase and secondary phases of the substrate Mg alloy. Internal micro-cracks were also generated in the higher-temperature synthesized coatings due to the increased shrinking stress, but the cross-cutting micro-cracks were suppressed. Benefiting from the improved barrier effect against penetration of corrosive medium, the higher-temperature synthesized thicker coating presented significantly enhanced electrochemical property and anti-corrosion efficiency in Hanks’ solution.

  19. In vitro and in vivo studies on biodegradable magnesium alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lida Hou

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The microstructure, mechanical property, electrochemical behavior and biocompatibility of magnesium alloy (BioDe MSM™ were studied in the present work. The experimental results demonstrated that grain refining induced by extrusion improves the alloy strength significantly from 162 MPa for the as-cast alloy to 241 MPa for the as-extruded one. The anticorrosion properties of the as-extruded alloy also increased. Furthermore, the hemolysis ratio was decreased from 4.7% for the as-cast alloy to 2.9% for the as-extruded one, both below 5%. BioDe MSM™ alloy shows good biocompatibility after being implanted into the dorsal muscle and the femoral shaft of the New Zealand rabbit, respectively, and there are no abnormalities after short-term implantation. In vivo observation indicated that the corrosion rate of this alloy varies with different implantation positions, with higher degradation rate in the femur than in the muscle.

  20. Fabrication, Modification, and Emerging Applications of TiO2 Nanotube Arrays by Electrochemical Synthesis: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-Ying Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Titania nanotube arrays (TNAs as a hot nanomaterial have a unique highly ordered array structure and good mechanical and chemical stability, as well as excellent anticorrosion, biocompatible, and photocatalytic performance. It has been fabricated by a facile electrochemical anodization in electrolytes containing small amounts of fluoric ions. In combination with our research work, we review the recent progress of the new research achievements of TNAs on the preparation processes, forming mechanism, and modification. In addition, we will review the potential and significant applications in the photocatalytic degradation of pollutants, solar cells, water splitting, and other aspects. Finally, the existing problems and further prospects of this renascent and rapidly developing field are also briefly addressed and discussed.

  1. Assessment of Automotive Coatings Used on Different Metallic Substrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Bensalah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Four epoxy primers commonly used in the automotive industry were applied by gravity pneumatic spray gun over metallic substrates, specifically, steel, electrogalvanized steel, hot-dip galvanized steel, and aluminum. A two-component polyurethane resin was used as topcoat. To evaluate the performance of the different coating systems, the treated panels were submitted to mechanical testing using Persoz hardness, impact resistance, cupping, lattice method, and bending. Tribological properties of different coating systems were conducted using pin on disc machine. Immersion tests were carried out in 5% NaCl and immersion tests in 3% NaOH solutions. Results showed which of the coating systems is more suitable for each substrate in terms of mechanical, tribological, and anticorrosive performance.

  2. Orthogonal test of phosphating process on iron substrate%铁基体表面磷化工艺正交试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王菊平

    2014-01-01

    通过正交实验法,讨论了促进剂、磷化液 pH 值、磷化温度及时间四个因素对铁基表面实施磷化的影响,实验结果表明,优化后的磷化层均匀,较致密,其耐腐蚀性明显提高,能有效保护铁金属免遭腐蚀。%The process of phosphating conversion coatings on iron substrate has been fulfilled to improve its corrosion resistance.Four influential factors on orthogonal test had been discussed which are promotion agent,pH,temperature and time of phosphating process. The results showed that the phosphating coatings prepared under technological parameters on iron substrate,were anti-corrosive.

  3. Surface Modification of Biomaterials in Hard Tissue Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xuan-yong; DING Chuan-xian; CHU Paul K

    2004-01-01

    Surface modification technologies are quite common in the biomedical field to improve the mechanical,chemical, physical and biological properties of implants such as artificial joint and cardiovascular devices. In this paper, recent progress in the investigation of the bioactivity and biocompatibility enhancement of implants using plasma spraying and plasmabased ion implantation (PIII) is described. Plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings are commonly used as bioactive coatings but the relatively poor adhesion between the coatings and titanium is one of main disadvantages which have limited their biomedical applications. In our recent studies, novel bioactive coatings, such as wollastonite and dicalcium silicate, were deposited onto titanium to enhance the surfaces bioactivity and biocompatibility. Our results indicate that plasma sprayed wollastonite and dicalcium silicate coatings possess excellent bioactivity as well as relatively high bonding strength. Plasma immersion ion implantation was also employed to improve the anti-corrosion and biological properties of implants.

  4. Investigation of hexagonal boron nitride as an atomically thin corrosion passivation coating in aqueous solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jing; Yang, Yingchao; Lou, Jun

    2016-09-01

    Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) atomic layers were utilized as a passivation coating in this study. A large-area continuous h-BN thin film was grown on nickel foil using a chemical vapor deposition method and then transferred onto sputtered copper as a corrosion passivation coating. The corrosion passivation performance in a Na2SO4 solution of bare and coated copper was investigated by electrochemical methods including cyclic voltammetry (CV), Tafel polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). CV and Tafel analysis indicate that the h-BN coating could effectively suppress the anodic dissolution of copper. The EIS fitting result suggests that defects are the dominant leakage source on h-BN films, and improved anti-corrosion performances could be achieved by further passivating these defects.

  5. Use of Silica Tubes as Nanocontainers for Corrosion Inhibitor Storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesia Ávila-Gonzalez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A new alkyd paint anticorrosion smart coating was developed by using silica nanoparticles as corrosion inhibitor nanocontainers. Silica particles were mixed with the paint at different concentrations to study their performance and ensure their free transportation to the damaged metal. The filling up of silica particles was done preparing three solutions: distilled water, acetone, and a mixture of both, with Fe(NO33 and silica particles immersed in each of the solutions to adsorb the inhibitor. Acetone solution was the best alternative determined by weight gain analysis made with the inhibitor adsorbed in silica nanocontainers. Steel samples were painted with inhibitor silica nanocontainer coatings and immersed in an aqueous solution of 3% sodium chloride. Polarization curves and electrochemical noise techniques were used to evaluate the corrosion inhibitor system behavior. Good performance was obtained in comparison with samples without inhibitor nanocontainer coating.

  6. Microstructures and electrochemical behaviors of the friction stir welding dissimilar weld.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Changbin; Zhang, Jiayan; Ge, Jiping

    2011-06-01

    By using optical microscope, the microstructures of 5083/6082 friction stir welding (FSW) weld and parent materials were analyzed. Meanwhile, at ambient temperature and in 0.2 mol/L NaHS03 and 0.6 mol/L NaCl solutionby gravimetric test, potentiodynamic polarization curve test, electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation, the electrochemical behavior of 5083/6082 friction stir welding weld and parent materials were comparatively investigated by gravimetric test, potentiodynamic polarization curve test, electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation. The results indicated that at given processing parameters, the anti-corrosion property of the dissimilar weld was superior to those of the 5083 and 6082 parent materials.

  7. The design of underwater hull-cleaning robot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Fu-cai; GUO Li-bin; MENG Qing-xin; LIU Fu-qiang

    2004-01-01

    The research on underwater ship-hull cleaning robot was conducted on the purpose of realizing the automation of cleaning underwater ship hull so that service life of ship will be prolonged and ship speed will raised. Moreover, fuel consumption and the work intensity of divers will be reduced. In this paper, the current situation and the latest technology in China and abroad were analyzed;meanwhile, the typical characteristics of the underwater cleaning robot were introduced. According to the work principle of the underwater cleaning robot, the emphasis was put on the analysis and study of permanent-magnetic absorption, magnetic wheel, airproof and anticorrosion, underwater cleaning equipment and control system. The robot is easy in rotation and simple in control.

  8. 3DII implantation effect on corrosion properties of the AISI/SAE 1020 steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dulce M., H.J.; Rueda V., Alejandro [Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander, A.A. 1055, Cucuta (Colombia); Dougar-Jabon, Valeri [Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia)

    2005-08-01

    The three dimensional ion implantation technology (3DII) is one of the methods of improving the tribological characteristics and resistance to hydrogen embrittlement processes in metals. In this report, some results concerning the resistance effect of nitrogen ion implantation to oxidation of the sample, made of AISI/SAE 1020 steel, are given. The nitrogen ions were implanted in the discharge chamber of the JUPITER reactor. Both the treated and untreated samples were tested through potential-static measurements, which permitted to determine the corrosion current, the slopes that characterise the braking level of anode and cathode reactions. The polarization resistance near the corrosion potential is calculated. The results of the study encourage to consider the nitrogen ion implantation in high voltage and low pressure discharges as one of the methods of anticorrosive protection which do not change the geometric configuration of the treated steel pieces. (copyright 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  9. Study on the inhibition of mild steel corrosion by 1,3-bis-(morpholin-4-yl-phenyl-methyl-thiourea in hydrochloric acid medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devaraj Karthik

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available 1,3-Bis-(morpholin-4-yl-phenyl-methyl-thiourea (MBT was synthesized and their influence on the inhibition of corrosion on mild steel in various hydrochloric acid concentrations has been investigated by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance (EI, Tafel polarization, scanning electron microscope (SEM and FT-IR methods. The result of weight loss study shows that the corrosion inhibition efficiency (IE is directly proportional to the concentration of the inhibitor and inversely proportional to the temperature. Electrochemical study proved that the inhibitor acts as a mixed type inhibitor. SEM shows the formation of a protective film of the inhibitor on the mild steel. The IR data also provide evidence for the anticorrosion effect of the inhibitor.

  10. Distinctive colonization of Bacillus sp. bacteria and the influence of the bacterial biofilm on electrochemical behaviors of aluminum coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdoli, Leila; Suo, Xinkun; Li, Hua

    2016-09-01

    Formation of biofilm is usually essential for the development of biofouling and crucially impacts the corrosion of marine structures. Here we report the attachment behaviors of Bacillus sp. bacteria and subsequent formation of bacterial biofilm on stainless steel and thermal sprayed aluminum coatings in artificial seawater. The colonized bacteria accelerate the corrosion of the steel plates, and markedly enhance the anti-corrosion performances of the Al coatings in early growth stage of the bacterial biofilm. After 7days incubation, the biofilm formed on the steel is heterogeneous while exhibits homogeneous feature on the Al coating. Atomic force microscopy examination discloses inception of formation of local pitting on steel plates associated with significantly roughened surface. Electrochemical testing suggests that the impact of the bacterial biofilm on the corrosion behaviors of marine structures is not decided by the biofilm alone, it is instead attributed to synergistic influence by both the biofilm and physicochemical characteristics of the substratum materials. PMID:27289310

  11. Bio-Inspired Extreme Wetting Surfaces for Biomedical Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sera Shin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Biological creatures with unique surface wettability have long served as a source of inspiration for scientists and engineers. More specifically, materials exhibiting extreme wetting properties, such as superhydrophilic and superhydrophobic surfaces, have attracted considerable attention because of their potential use in various applications, such as self-cleaning fabrics, anti-fog windows, anti-corrosive coatings, drag-reduction systems, and efficient water transportation. In particular, the engineering of surface wettability by manipulating chemical properties and structure opens emerging biomedical applications ranging from high-throughput cell culture platforms to biomedical devices. This review describes design and fabrication methods for artificial extreme wetting surfaces. Next, we introduce some of the newer and emerging biomedical applications using extreme wetting surfaces. Current challenges and future prospects of the surfaces for potential biomedical applications are also addressed.

  12. 辽河油田集输管道外防腐层检测技术%The Detection Technique of Surface Anti Corrosion Layer for Gathering Pipeline in Liaohe Oilfields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兆雄; 吴明; 谢飞; 刁照金; 徐金萌; 杨成全; 张书东; 王安鹏

    2014-01-01

    阐述了多频管中电流法(PCM)的检测原理,利用英国雷迪公司的DM内外业一体化型管道防腐层检测仪,对辽河油田曙光采油厂内曙五联至首站、曙一联至曙五联和曙四联至首站三条集输管道进行了外防腐层检测,三条管道防腐层劣级和差级分别占全部防腐层的50.2%、51.8%和42.9%。对疑似漏点开挖验证与检测结果吻合。单纯将PCM检测方法用于油田地下管道的检测有一定的局限性,与其他检测手段结合更有利于提高检测结果的准确度。%By introducing PCM in the multi-frequency principles and using DM produced by Radiodetection company,the article showed respectively the detection results of the anticorrosion layers from Shuwulian to first station,from Shuyilian to Shuwulian and from Shusilian to first station gathering pipelines in Shuguang oil production plant in Liaohe oilfield.The inferior and poor level of the three pipelines was accounted for 50.2%,51.8% and 42.9% respectively on all the anticorrosion layers. The detect results and the verification of suspected leaks were consistent.There were certain limitations when PCM was used only to detect underground pipes .If it was combinated with other detection means,the results would be more accurate.

  13. Mechanical and corrosion resistance properties of TiO2 nanoparticles reinforced Ni coating by electrodeposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coatings have been widely used in engineering and decoration to protect components and products and enhance their life span. Nickel (Ni) is one of the most important hard coatings. Improvement in its tribological and mechanical properties would greatly enhance its use in industry. Nanocomposite coatings of metals with various reinforced nanoparticles have been developed in last few decades. Titania (TiO2) exhibit excellent mechanical properties. It is believed that TiO2 incorporation in Ni matrix will improve the properties of Ni coatings significantly. The main purpose of the current work is to investigate the mechanical and anti-corrosion properties of the electroplated nickel nanocomposite with a small percentage of TiO2. The surface morphology of nanocomposite coating was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The hardness of the nanocoating was carried out using micromaterials nanoplatform. The sliding wear rate of the coating at room temperature in dry condition was assessed by a reciprocating ball-on-disk computer-controlled oscillating tribotester. The results showed the nanocomposite coatings have a smoother and more compact surface than the pure Ni layer and have higher hardness and lower wear rate than the pure Ni coating. The anti-corrosion property of nanocomposite coating was carried out in 3.5% NaCl and high concentrated 35% NaCl solution, respectively. The results also showed that the nanocomposite coating improves the corrosion resistance significantly. This present work reveals that incorporation of TiO2 in nickel nanocomposite coating can achieve improved corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of both hardness and wear resistance performances, and the improvement becomes stronger as the content of TiO2 is increased.

  14. Mechanical and corrosion resistance properties of TiO2 nanoparticles reinforced Ni coating by electrodeposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, W.; Nabb, D.; Renevier, N.; Sherrington, I.; Luo, J. K.

    2012-09-01

    Coatings have been widely used in engineering and decoration to protect components and products and enhance their life span. Nickel (Ni) is one of the most important hard coatings. Improvement in its tribological and mechanical properties would greatly enhance its use in industry. Nanocomposite coatings of metals with various reinforced nanoparticles have been developed in last few decades. Titania (TiO2) exhibit excellent mechanical properties. It is believed that TiO2 incorporation in Ni matrix will improve the properties of Ni coatings significantly. The main purpose of the current work is to investigate the mechanical and anti-corrosion properties of the electroplated nickel nanocomposite with a small percentage of TiO2. The surface morphology of nanocomposite coating was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The hardness of the nanocoating was carried out using micromaterials nanoplatform. The sliding wear rate of the coating at room temperature in dry condition was assessed by a reciprocating ball-on-disk computer-controlled oscillating tribotester. The results showed the nanocomposite coatings have a smoother and more compact surface than the pure Ni layer and have higher hardness and lower wear rate than the pure Ni coating. The anti-corrosion property of nanocomposite coating was carried out in 3.5% NaCl and high concentrated 35% NaCl solution, respectively. The results also showed that the nanocomposite coating improves the corrosion resistance significantly. This present work reveals that incorporation of TiO2 in nickel nanocomposite coating can achieve improved corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of both hardness and wear resistance performances, and the improvement becomes stronger as the content of TiO2 is increased.

  15. An investigation of the biochemical properties of tetrazines as potential coating additives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1,2,4,5-Tetrazine and its 3,6-disubstituted derivatives are currently used for a range of industrial and medical applications as they exhibit particular coordination chemistries, characterised by electron and charge transfer phenomena. The aim of the present work is to synthesise two tetrazine derivatives, namely 3,6-dihydrazino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (DHDTZ) and 1,2,4,5-tetrazine dicarboxylic acid (DCTZ), and determine their antibacterial, antioxidant and anticorrosion characteristics as additives in a sol–gel coating on SS316L steel. The structure of the tetrazines was confirmed by NMR and FTIR while the surface morphology of bacterial cells in their presence was observed by AFM. Their ability to inhibit corrosion on 316L stainless steel was electrochemically determined using a potentiodynamic scanning (PDS) technique. The corrosion inhibition results showed that the acidic DCTZ provided the best corrosion protection. The concentration-dependent antioxidant capacity of the tetrazines was confirmed by both DPPH radical scavenging activity and FRAP assays, showing higher activity for DHDTZ than DCTZ. Furthermore, a DHDTZ doped sol–gel solution was prepared and curing parameter (temperature and time) was optimised for coating on microtitre wells and stainless steel panel. The antibacterial activity of the coated surfaces against Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 and the biofilm forming bacteria Staphylococcus epidermidis CSF 41498 was determined. DHDTZ showed significantly higher antibacterial activities with MIC as low as 31 ppm compared to 250 ppm for DCTZ. Highlights: ► Tetrazine derivatives showed strong antibacterial activity against bacterial pathogens. ► Electrochemical studies confirmed the anticorrosion property of the compounds. ► Significant antioxidant activity was exhibited by the compounds. ► Tetrazine doped sol–gel coating inhibited bacterial growth on 316L stainless steel. ► Tetrazine derivatives can be used as a potential hygiene coating

  16. Degradation behavior of n-MAO/EPD bio-ceramic composite coatings on magnesium alloy in simulated body fluid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiong, Ying, E-mail: yxiong@zjut.edu.cn [College of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032 (China); Lu, Chao [College of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032 (China); Wang, Chao; Song, Renguo [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164 (China); Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164 (China)

    2015-03-15

    Highlights: • A bio-ceramic n-MAO/EPD coating was prepared by combined MAO and EPD technique. • The precipitates of Ca/P compound are formed on the surface samples during immersion. • The n-MAO/EPD coating with HA dense structure has a favorable anti-corrosion effect. • Two degradation mechanism models for the n-MAO and n-MAO/EPD coating were proposed. - Abstract: The bio-ceramic composite coatings have been fabricated on ZK60 magnesium (Mg) alloy to improve its bio-corrosion resistance in a simulated body fluid (SBF). Firstly, micro-arc oxidation coatings (n-MAO coating) with the addition of zirconium oxide (ZrO{sub 2}) and cerium oxide (CeO{sub 2}) nano-particles were prepared by MAO technique on ZK60Mg alloy in alkaline electrolyte. Secondly, nano-hydroxyapatite (HA) was deposited on the surface of n-MAO coatings by using electrophoretic deposition (EPD) technique. The degradation behavior of the coated samples was investigated by means of immersion tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in the SBF at 36.5 ± 0.5 °C. The variation of phase composition, surface and cross-section morphology of coatings at different immersion stages were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The results showed that the precipitation layer with biological activity formed on the surface of coated samples during the SBF immersion, which can inhibit Mg alloys from degrading effectively. The n-MAO/EPD composite coating with HA dense structure has a favorable anti-corrosion effect compared to the n-MAO coating. Degradation mechanism model of the corrosion process at different corrosion stages for two kinds of coatings were proposed. The long-term corrosion protection of the n-MAO/EPD composite coating was governed significantly by the synergistic effect of phase composition stability and micro structural integrity.

  17. An investigation of the biochemical properties of tetrazines as potential coating additives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaiswal, Swarna [School of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8 (Ireland); Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST), FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin 8 (Ireland); Varma, P.C. Rajath [Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST), FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin 8 (Ireland); O' Neill, Luke [FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin 8 (Ireland); Duffy, Brendan, E-mail: brendan.duffy@dit.ie [Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST), FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin 8 (Ireland); McHale, Patrick [School of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8 (Ireland)

    2013-05-01

    1,2,4,5-Tetrazine and its 3,6-disubstituted derivatives are currently used for a range of industrial and medical applications as they exhibit particular coordination chemistries, characterised by electron and charge transfer phenomena. The aim of the present work is to synthesise two tetrazine derivatives, namely 3,6-dihydrazino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (DHDTZ) and 1,2,4,5-tetrazine dicarboxylic acid (DCTZ), and determine their antibacterial, antioxidant and anticorrosion characteristics as additives in a sol–gel coating on SS316L steel. The structure of the tetrazines was confirmed by NMR and FTIR while the surface morphology of bacterial cells in their presence was observed by AFM. Their ability to inhibit corrosion on 316L stainless steel was electrochemically determined using a potentiodynamic scanning (PDS) technique. The corrosion inhibition results showed that the acidic DCTZ provided the best corrosion protection. The concentration-dependent antioxidant capacity of the tetrazines was confirmed by both DPPH radical scavenging activity and FRAP assays, showing higher activity for DHDTZ than DCTZ. Furthermore, a DHDTZ doped sol–gel solution was prepared and curing parameter (temperature and time) was optimised for coating on microtitre wells and stainless steel panel. The antibacterial activity of the coated surfaces against Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 and the biofilm forming bacteria Staphylococcus epidermidis CSF 41498 was determined. DHDTZ showed significantly higher antibacterial activities with MIC as low as 31 ppm compared to 250 ppm for DCTZ. Highlights: ► Tetrazine derivatives showed strong antibacterial activity against bacterial pathogens. ► Electrochemical studies confirmed the anticorrosion property of the compounds. ► Significant antioxidant activity was exhibited by the compounds. ► Tetrazine doped sol–gel coating inhibited bacterial growth on 316L stainless steel. ► Tetrazine derivatives can be used as a potential hygiene coating

  18. Research of Electrochemical Corrosive Characteristics of Zn-Al Solders for Cu/Al Brazing%铜/铝钎焊用Zn-Al钎料的电化学腐蚀性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯; 刘正林; 杨凯珍

    2011-01-01

    Zn-Al solders used for Cu/Al brazing were prepared by ingot metallurgy method in high frequency induction furnace. The anti-corrosive properties of Zn-Al solders added with Mg were evaluated and analyzed by immersion tests, electrochemical corrosion measurements, and the corrosive mechanism was discussed. The results show that the electrode potential of the solders substrates can be significantly improved by the addition of Mg to greatly improve the anti-corrosive properties of solders, while it will not significantly reduce the shear strength of welding joint. Using the Zn-Al solder added with Mg and CsF-AlF3 flux, Al and Cu tubes can be brazed by high frequency brazing method without air leaking at high air pressure even after immersion tests.%采用铸锭冶金法,在高频感应炉中制备了铜/铝钎焊用Zn-22Al钎料,通过浸泡腐蚀试验、电化学腐蚀试验对添加Mg元素的钎料的耐蚀性能进行了评价分析,并探讨了其腐蚀机理.研究结果表明,添加Mg元素可显著提高钎料基体的电极电位,从而显著提高钎料本身的耐腐蚀性能,并不会显著降低铜/铝接头的强度.加入Mg元素的Zn-22Al钎料,配合CsF-AlF3无腐蚀中温钎剂,采用高频感应加热钎焊连接铜/铝管,通过浸泡腐蚀试验后,仍可获得高剪切强度的接头.

  19. Development of ecologically harmless coating material for steel and zinced surfaces for outdoor use. Final report; Entwicklung von umweltvertraeglichen Beschichtungsstoffen fuer Stahl und verzinkte Oberflaechen bei Aussenanwendungen. Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rauch, H.G.; Beatrix, M.; Heuser, W.

    2002-03-01

    In order to achieve satisfactory anti-corrosive results for the coating of steel constructions, such as bridges and electricity pylons, paint being based on synthetic binders, and adjusted by way of organic solvents up to process viscosity, are applied. Precipitated iron oxide, titanium dioxide and heavy metal salts are employed as pigments. As a result from the spray coating process, overspray must be brought to a special waste disposal. Within the framework of this Research and Development Plan it was attempted to develop anti-corrosive paints, whose binders are based on raw material to be found in nature, which are compatible to the employment of water as solvent, and whose pigments derive extensively from natural deposits. In regard of protection against corrosion, durability, adherence upon old paint layers and processibility, they are meant to be equivalent to synthetic products, providing the degradability into chemically and biologically harmless products after having contaminated the soil due to the application method. (orig.) [German] Zur Erreichung guter Korrosionsschutzwerte werden fuer die Beschichtung von Stahlkonstruktionen, wie Bruecken, Strommasten etc. ueberwiegend Lacke auf Basis synthetischer Bindemittel, die mit organischen Loesemitteln auf Verarbeitungsviskositaet eingestellt sind, benutzt. Als Pigmente werden gefaellte Eisenoxide, Titandioxid, Schwermetallsalze, etc. eingesetzt. Der bei der Spritzlackierung anfallende Overspray muss als Sonderabfall entsorgt werden. Im Rahmen dieses F u. E -Vorhabens wurde versucht, Korrosionsschutzlacke zu entwickeln, deren Bindemittel auf in der Natur vorkommenden Rohstoffen basieren, als Loesemittel Wasser eingesetzt werden kann, deren Pigmente weitestgehend aus natuerlichen Vorkommen stammen, die in Bezug auf Korrosionsschutz, Haltbarkeit, Haftung auf Altanstrichen und Verarbeitbarkeit, den synthetischen Produkten gleichkommen, bei deren applikationsbedingter Kontamination des Erdreiches eine Abbaubarkeit

  20. Structural properties of new siliconized coatings formed by pyrolytic decomposition of pure TPOS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashem, Khaled M. E.; Abo-Elenien, O. M.

    1999-09-01

    New anticorrosion siliconized coatings are formed by pyrolytic decomposition of sprayed pure tetraphenoxy silane (TPOS) on surfaces of carbon steel specimens, in a preheated furnace within a temperature range 500-650°C. The optimum conditions for developing highly corrosion resistant siliconized coatings, are decided by the aids of structural and composition analysis techniques. By the aid of EDXRF, SEM, Ultra Sonic Cleaner (USV), cross-edged SEM micrographs, O.M. and Thin Film On Surface (TFOS) software program, the optimal thickness, structure free voids interface and maximum adhesion properties of the produced siliconized coatings, were determined at 600°C for pyrolytical time 45 min. Evaluation of the coatings' composition yielding a high anticorrosion property is fully detailed by the aid of XRD analysis, electrochemical dissolution in different acidic media and adhesion techniques. The microstructure of the optimum siliconized coatings is regular in shape, size, orientation and boundaries of the formed bulky aggregated particles. Also the striations around the coatings' particles are mostly narrow. The strong adhesion property of the coating/metal surface interface, is assessed on the basis of the `go, no go' principle and is related to the inner diffusion of silica (rooting phenomenon). The variation in the constituents' ratios of the produced coatings at different temperatures is attributed to the rate of interconversion of the microcrystallite SiO 2 to crystalline phases and rate of interaction between the diffused iron, Fe 2+, and the crystalline phases of SiO 2. Electrochemical dissolution performance for uncoated and coated electrodes in the range of 0.1-10 M HCl solutions reveal that no significant corrosion behavior is observed. However, the variation between anodic and cathodic routes, is referred to the formation of strong passive irreversible phases on the electrode's surface. These phases could initiate from metal ions (Fe 2+) either provided by

  1. 碳纳米管改性涂料的防腐性能研究%Study on Corrosion Resistance of Coating Modified by Carbon Nanotubes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程敬泉; 乔磊; 黄海祥

    2015-01-01

    采用浓酸氧化法对碳纳米管进行表面改性,在 40 ℃超声波分散条件下,制备碳纳米管/环氧树脂复合涂料.通过对未加入碳纳米管、加入未经过浓酸氧化的碳纳米管、加入浓酸氧化的碳纳米管环氧树脂复合涂料进行耐酸碱盐试验.试验表明,加入未处理的碳纳米管的环氧树脂复合涂料防腐性能较纯净的环氧树脂涂料没有明显提高,加入浓酸氧化的碳纳米管环氧树脂防腐性能有了明显改善和提高.%Modifying the surface of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTS) with concentrated sulfuric acid (H2SO4 / HNO3) oxidation. At 40℃ ultrasonic dispersion, prepare carbon nanotubes (MWCNTS) / epoxy resin composites. The anti-acid, anti-alkali and anti-salt tests of epoxy resin composite materials are carried out, first without MWCNTS, then with MWCNTS which are not oxidated with concentrated sulfuric acid, and then with MWCNTS which are oxidated with concentrated sulfuric acid. Experiments show that, the anticorrosive performance of epoxy resin composite materials with untreated carbon nanotubes are not obviously higher than the pure epoxy resin composite materials; the anticorrosive performance of epoxy resin composite materials with MWCNTS which are oxidated with concentrated sulfuric acid has been significantly improved and enhanced.

  2. Synthesis, characterization, thermal and electrical properties of composite of polyaniline with cobaltmonoethanolamine complex

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rehana Rasool; Kowsar Majid

    2014-08-01

    The present paper involves the synthesis of polyaniline (PANI) composite with cobaltmonoethanolamine [Co(mea)2(H2O)2Cl2] complex via in situ oxidative polymerization by ammonium persulphate. The complex has been synthesized by refluxing method. The composite has been subjected to UV–Visible spectra, FT–IR, X-ray diffraction, SEM and electrical conductivity characterization techniques. Thermal analysis has been done by using TG and DSC techniques. FT–IR absorption peaks confirm the insertion of complex in the backbone of PANI. SEM of the composite also supports its successful synthesis. The XRD of composite also shows crystalline structure hence, proving the successful synthesis of PANI. Thermal analysis shows enhanced thermal stability of polyaniline. In the present composite system, the polymerization of PANI with [Co(mea)2(H2O)2Cl2] complex causes strong interfacial interactions between PANI and [Co(mea)2(H2O)2Cl2] complex crystallites, also suggested by the FT–IR and XRD studies, thereby changing the molecular conformation of PANI from compact coil structure to an expanded coil-like structure. As a consequence, there is an enhancement in the conductivity of composite of PANI up to certain dopant concentration. The anticorrosive property of a coating of PANI/[Co(mea)2(H2O)2Cl2] composite on mild steel coupon in 3 M HNO3 was evaluated using weight loss measurement and compared with pure polyaniline coating. The said composite has shown anticorrosive property and can thus, act as a potent dopant for enhancing corrosion resistance of PANI coatings.

  3. Modification Research of Sodium Stearate/Al Composite Powder%硬脂酸钠/Al复合粒子的改性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡楠; 何力军; 王立惠; 钟景明; 孙本双; 许德美

    2011-01-01

    为了防止超细Al粉在空气中腐蚀变质,通过电动搅拌机的机械作用,在球形Al粉表面进行了硬脂酸钠包覆改性.通过正交实验获得了改性工艺的最佳条件:反应16 h,m(C17H35COONa)/m(Al)为3%,Al粉与硬脂酸钠需分别溶于无水乙醇,然后将Al粉溶液加入硬脂酸钠溶液中.采用SEM,IR和XPS对包覆样品进行分析,结果表明:改性后的铝粉形成了稳定的胶囊结构,复合粉体的耐腐蚀性明显提高.%To improve superfine aluminum(Al) powders' anti-corrosion in air, the aluminum powders are coated with sodium stearate through mechanical action. The best reaction condition is investigated by orthogonal test: time is 16 h; m (C17H35COONa)/m(AI) is 3%; superfine aluminum and sodium stearate should be dissolved in ethanol respectively, then puts superfine aluminum solution into sodium stearate solution. Encapsulated samples are analyzed and characterized by SEM, IR and XPS. It is found that the composite powder is micro-capsule structure, and its anti-corrosion is insignificantly improved than raw Al powder.

  4. X-ray diffraction characterization of electrodeposited Ni–Al composite coatings prepared at different current densities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cai, Fei; Jiang, Chuanhai, E-mail: chuanhaijiang1963@163.com; Wu, Xueyan

    2014-08-01

    Highlights: • Different X-ray diffraction techniques were applied to characterize the Ni–Al composite coatings. • Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} formed on the coating surface after potentiostatic polarization experiments. • The relationship between corrosion and the Al content and the texture were also investigated. - Abstract: Ni–Al composite coatings were prepared at different applied current densities (1–8 A/dm{sup 2}) from a conventional Watt bath. The influences of current densities on the texture, grain size, microstrain, residual stress of the Ni–Al composite coating were investigated with X-ray diffraction method, which includes texture coefficients (TC) and pole figures, Voigt method, classical sin{sup 2} ψ X-ray diffraction method and the Multi-reflection grazing incidence geometry (referred to as MGIXD) method. The morphology, composition, anti-corrosion properties and friction coefficients at 200 °C of the coating were also studied. The results showed that the texture of coating deposited at higher current densities evolved from the (2 0 0) preferred orientation with fiber texture to random orientation with reducing current density. Al particle content increased with reducing current density, grain size decreased with the reducing current density, while the microstrain and the tensile residual stresses increased. The MGIXD result showed stress gradient on the near-surface of the coating. Potentiodynamic polarization results demonstrated that the Ni–Al coating deposited at 2 A/dm{sup 2} exhibited the best anti-corrosion which was contributed by the formation of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on the surface. The minimum friction coefficient of 0.57 was also observed for coating deposited at 4 A/dm{sup 2}.

  5. Effect of extrusion processing on the microstructure, mechanical properties, biocorrosion properties and antibacterial properties of Ti-Cu sintered alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Erlin; Li, Shengyi; Ren, Jing; Zhang, Lan; Han, Yong

    2016-12-01

    Ti-Cu sintered alloys, Ti-Cu(S) alloy, have exhibited good anticorrosion resistance and strong antibacterial properties, but low ductility in previous study. In this paper, Ti-Cu(S) alloys were subjected to extrusion processing in order to improve the comprehensive property. The phase constitute, microstructure, mechanical property, biocorrosion property and antibacterial activity of the extruded alloys, Ti-Cu(E), were investigated in comparison with Ti-Cu(S) by X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical microscopy (OM), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) with energy disperse spectroscopy (EDS), mechanical testing, electrochemical testing and plate-count method in order to reveal the effect of the extrusion process. XRD, OM and SEM results showed that the extrusion process did not change the phase constitute but refined the grain size and Ti2Cu particle significantly. Ti-Cu(E) alloys exhibited higher hardness and compressive yield strength than Ti-Cu(S) alloys due to the fine grain and Ti2Cu particles. With the consideration of the total compressive strain, it was suggested that the extrusion process could improve the ductility of Ti-Cu alloy(S) alloys. Electrochemical results have indicated that the extrusion process improved the corrosion resistance of Ti-Cu(S) alloys. Plate-count method displayed that both Ti-Cu(S) and Ti-Cu(E) exhibited strong antibacterial activity (>99%) against S. aureus. All these results demonstrated that hot forming processing, such as the extrusion in this study, refined the microstructure and densified the alloy, in turn improved the ductility and strength as well as anticorrosion properties without reduction in antibacterial properties.

  6. Fabrication of TiO2-strontium loaded CaSiO3/biopolymer coatings with enhanced biocompatibility and corrosion resistance by controlled release of minerals for improved orthopedic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raj, V; Raj, R Mohan; Sasireka, A; Priya, P

    2016-07-01

    Titanium dioxide (TiO2) arrays were fabricated on Ti alloy by anodization method. Synthesis of CaSiO3 (CS) and various concentrations (1X-5X) of Sr(2+) substitutions in CS coatings on TiO2 substrate was achieved through an electrophoretic deposition technique. Fast release of mineral ions from implant surface produce over dosage effect and it is a potential hazardous factor for osteoblasts. So, in order to prevent the fast release of minerals, biopolymer coating was applied above the composite coatings. The coatings were characterized by FTIR, XRD, FE-SEM and EDX techniques. The mechanical, anticorrosion, antimicrobial properties and biocompatibility of the coatings were evaluated. Studies on the mechanical properties indicate that the addition of Sr(2+) and biopolymer increase the hardness strength of the coatings. The metal ion release from the coatings was studied by ICP-AES. The electrochemical properties of the coatings were studied in Ringer's solution, in which CS-3X/Chi-PVP coating on TiO2 exhibits good anticorrosion property and high resistivity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus compared to CS-3X coating on TiO2. In vitro cell experiments indicate that osteoblasts show good adhesion and high growth rates for CS-3X/Chi-PVP coated TiO2 substrate, indicating that the surface cytocompatibility of CS-3X/Chi-PVP coated TiO2 substrate is significantly improved by the controlled release of mineral ions. In conclusion, the surface modification of TiO2/CS-3X/Chi-PVP coated titanium is a potential candidate for implant coating.

  7. Characterization of ceramic sol-gel coatings as an alternative chemical conversion treatment on commercial carbon steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dominguez-Crespo, M.A. [Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Grupo de Ingenieria en Procesamiento de Materiales CICATA-IPN, Unidad Altamira, km 14.5, Carretera Tampico-Puerto Industrial Altamira, C.P. 89600 Altamira, Tamps (Mexico)], E-mail: mdominguezc@ipn.mx; Garcia-Murillo, A.; Torres-Huerta, A.M.; Carrillo-Romo, F.J. [Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Grupo de Ingenieria en Procesamiento de Materiales CICATA-IPN, Unidad Altamira, km 14.5, Carretera Tampico-Puerto Industrial Altamira, C.P. 89600 Altamira, Tamps (Mexico); Onofre-Bustamante, E. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Edificio D Facultad de Quimica, Departamento de Metalurgia, Ciudad Universitaria, C.P. 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Yanez-Zamora, C. [Alumna del postgrado en Tecnologia Avanzada del CICATA-IPN, Unidad Altamira IPN, km 14.5, Carretera Tampico-Puerto Industrial Altamira, C.P. 89600 Altamira, Tamps (Mexico)

    2009-04-01

    Sol-gel yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thin films were prepared on commercial carbon steel sheets by dip-coating technique followed by a low temperature heat treatment (473, 573, and 673 K for 1 h) in order to improve both corrosion properties and adhesion. For comparison, zirconia (ZrO{sub 2}) coatings have been also analyzed. Electrochemical techniques, Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the anticorrosion behavior of the coatings in a 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. The adhesion with a polyester organic coating was evaluated by the pull-off technique. The typical thickness of the deposited layers ranged from 1 to 1.3 {mu}m depending on process parameters. The obtained results indicated that sol-gel ZrO{sub 2} and YSZ coatings without an organic coating can act as protective barriers against wet corrosion during the first hours, but they fail when the time exposure is longer than 1 day. However, when synthesized films were used as a pre-treatment and an organic coating was added (top-coated), the anticorrosive and adhesion properties were strongly affected by the temperature of the treatment, and an increase in both properties was observed at higher temperatures. The structural and morphological characteristics of the coating provide an explanation of the role of each film in the electrochemical behavior in this aggressive medium. Comparing both systems, YSZ displayed greater protective and adhesion values than exhibited for ZrO{sub 2} which can be correlated with the stabilization of the cubic phase.

  8. Characterization of ceramic sol-gel coatings as an alternative chemical conversion treatment on commercial carbon steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sol-gel yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thin films were prepared on commercial carbon steel sheets by dip-coating technique followed by a low temperature heat treatment (473, 573, and 673 K for 1 h) in order to improve both corrosion properties and adhesion. For comparison, zirconia (ZrO2) coatings have been also analyzed. Electrochemical techniques, Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the anticorrosion behavior of the coatings in a 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. The adhesion with a polyester organic coating was evaluated by the pull-off technique. The typical thickness of the deposited layers ranged from 1 to 1.3 μm depending on process parameters. The obtained results indicated that sol-gel ZrO2 and YSZ coatings without an organic coating can act as protective barriers against wet corrosion during the first hours, but they fail when the time exposure is longer than 1 day. However, when synthesized films were used as a pre-treatment and an organic coating was added (top-coated), the anticorrosive and adhesion properties were strongly affected by the temperature of the treatment, and an increase in both properties was observed at higher temperatures. The structural and morphological characteristics of the coating provide an explanation of the role of each film in the electrochemical behavior in this aggressive medium. Comparing both systems, YSZ displayed greater protective and adhesion values than exhibited for ZrO2 which can be correlated with the stabilization of the cubic phase

  9. Influence of a microcomposite and a nanocomposite on the properties of an epoxy-based powder coating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → New materials for using as protective coatings for metal surfaces. → Development of nanostructured powder paints. → Characterization of the new material in the powder and coating form. → Development of a new material for use in the automotive industry, industrial production of appliances, furniture industry. → Development of new material using the process of mixing using a twin-screw extruder, followed by sintering process on a metal plate. - Abstract: The incorporation of nanoclays into coatings has been considered to be commercially favorable due to the improvements obtained in the barrier, thermal, and anticorrosion properties, among others, leading to the development of a new segment in the area of clean technologies: the application of nanocomposites to powder coatings. In this study, in order to compare the performance of a powder coating with the addition of a conventional load (barium sulfate) and a montmorillonite clay (MMT), two mixtures of commercial epoxy-based powder coating were prepared in the melt state, with the addition of 2 and 4% (w/w) of MMT, or 2 and 4% (w/w) of barium sulfate (BaSO4). The thermal properties were investigated through thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to evaluate the load dispersion and the morphology of the systems formed. The physical and anticorrosion properties of the coatings were also investigated. The interaction of the MMT with the polymeric matrix, associated to the aspect ratio, resulted in better barrier properties, thermal stability, and adhesion to the metal substrate.

  10. Effect of extrusion processing on the microstructure, mechanical properties, biocorrosion properties and antibacterial properties of Ti-Cu sintered alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Erlin; Li, Shengyi; Ren, Jing; Zhang, Lan; Han, Yong

    2016-12-01

    Ti-Cu sintered alloys, Ti-Cu(S) alloy, have exhibited good anticorrosion resistance and strong antibacterial properties, but low ductility in previous study. In this paper, Ti-Cu(S) alloys were subjected to extrusion processing in order to improve the comprehensive property. The phase constitute, microstructure, mechanical property, biocorrosion property and antibacterial activity of the extruded alloys, Ti-Cu(E), were investigated in comparison with Ti-Cu(S) by X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical microscopy (OM), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) with energy disperse spectroscopy (EDS), mechanical testing, electrochemical testing and plate-count method in order to reveal the effect of the extrusion process. XRD, OM and SEM results showed that the extrusion process did not change the phase constitute but refined the grain size and Ti2Cu particle significantly. Ti-Cu(E) alloys exhibited higher hardness and compressive yield strength than Ti-Cu(S) alloys due to the fine grain and Ti2Cu particles. With the consideration of the total compressive strain, it was suggested that the extrusion process could improve the ductility of Ti-Cu alloy(S) alloys. Electrochemical results have indicated that the extrusion process improved the corrosion resistance of Ti-Cu(S) alloys. Plate-count method displayed that both Ti-Cu(S) and Ti-Cu(E) exhibited strong antibacterial activity (>99%) against S. aureus. All these results demonstrated that hot forming processing, such as the extrusion in this study, refined the microstructure and densified the alloy, in turn improved the ductility and strength as well as anticorrosion properties without reduction in antibacterial properties. PMID:27612770

  11. Electromagnetic wave absorption properties of NiCoP alloy nanoparticles decorated on reduced graphene oxide nanosheets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ye, Weichun, E-mail: yewch@lzu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Nonferrous Metal Chemistry and Resources Utilization of Gansu Province and Department of Chemistry, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of MOE, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Fu, Jiajia; Wang, Qin; Wang, Chunming [Key Laboratory of Nonferrous Metal Chemistry and Resources Utilization of Gansu Province and Department of Chemistry, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Xue, Desheng, E-mail: xueds@lzu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of MOE, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

    2015-12-01

    NiCoP alloy nanoparticles supported on reduced graphene oxide (NiCoP/RGO) are synthesized by in situ co-reduction of Ni{sup 2+}, Co{sup 2+} and graphene oxide (GO) with sodium hypophosphite in a one-pot reaction. This synthesis route is simple and can be used for industrial preparation. The different molar ratios of Ni/Co can be obtained by changing the molar ratio of their salts in the reaction bath. The effect of annealing temperature on the crystal structure of NiCoP alloys has been further investigated. After 500 °C annealing, NiCoP alloys exhibit good crystallinity. The as-prepared NiCoP/RGO composites demonstrate high dielectric constant and magnetic loss in the frequency range of 2–18 GHz due to the conductive and ferromagnetic behavior. Also, their coercivity and magnetization strength are decreased from magnetic measurement with the increase of Ni content. As the molar ratio of Ni/Co is 3:1, the maximum value of the reflection loss reaches to −17.84 dB. Furthermore, the NiCoP/RGO composites have better corrosion resistance than traditional iron series magnetic nanoparticles. It is expected that the composites with the thin, light-weighted and broadband absorbing and good anti-corrosion properties will have a great potential for electromagnetic wave absorption applications. - Highlights: • NiCoP alloys supported on graphene were prepared via a co-reduction method. • The nanocomposites exhibited strong microwave wave absorption properties. • The microwave absorption properties enhanced with the increase of Ni content. • The nanocomposites showed good anti-corrosion property.

  12. 人工加速老化对聚脲涂科防护性能的影响%Influence of artificial accelerated aging on the protective performance of polyurea coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李全德; 孟惠民

    2011-01-01

    针对聚脲涂料防腐涂层进行紫外加速老化实验,采用光泽度计、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)以及傅里叶变换红外光谱仪(FTIR)分析并结合电化学阻抗谱(EIS)图谱,研究涂层的老化行为.结果表明:涂层的老化分为前期、中期和后期三阶段,涂层表面在老化中期变色较大.涂层的表面、断面SEM及EIS测试显示涂层中的微气泡阻止了涂层的老化裂纹向基体发展,涂层仍保持较好的防护性能.%UV accelerated aging was performed on polyurea anti-corrosion coatings. The aging behavior of the coatings was analyzed by gloss meter, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) in combination with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Experiment results indicate that the coating accelerated aging is divided into early,middle and late stages. The color of the coating surface changes severely in the middle stage. SEM images of the coating surface and cross section show that the development of aging cracks to the substrate is terminated by tiny bubbles, and the anticorrosion performance of the coatings declines very slightly.

  13. Studies on the impact, detection, and control of microbiology influenced corrosion related to pitting failures in the Russian oil and gas industry. Final CRADA report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ehst, D.

    2006-09-30

    The objectives of the Project are: (1) to design effective anti-corrosion preparations (biocides, inhibitors, penetrants and their combinations) for gas- and oil-exploration industries; (2) to study a possibility of development of environmentally beneficial ('green') biocides and inhibitors of the new generation; (3) to develop chemical and microbiological methods of monitoring of sites at risk of corrosion; and (4) to evaluate potentialities in terms of technology, raw materials and material and technical basis to set up a production of effective anti-corrosion preparations of new generation in Russia. During the four years of the project 228 compounds and formulations were synthesized and studied in respect to their corrosion inhibiting activity. A series of compounds which were according to the Bubble tests more efficient (by a factor of 10-100) than the reference inhibitor SXT-1102, some possessing the similar activity or slightly better activity than new inhibitor ??-1154? (company ONDEO/Nalco). Two synthetic routes for the synthesis of mercaptopyrimidines as perspective corrosion inhibitors were developed. Mercaptopyrimidine derivatives can be obtained in one or two steps from cheap and easily available precursors. The cost for their synthesis is not high and can be further reduced after the optimization of the production processes. A new approach for lignin utilization was proposed. Water-soluble derivative of lignin can by transformed to corrosion protective layer by its electropolymerization on a steel surface. Varying lignosulfonates from different sources, as well as conditions of electrooxidation we proved, that drop in current at high anodic potentials is due to electropolymerization of lignin derivative at steel electrode surface. The electropolymerization potential can be sufficiently decreased by an increase in ionic strength of the growing solution. The lignosulfonate electropolymerization led to the considerable corrosion protection

  14. 天然气管道内表面超疏水分子膜及其防腐性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭海峰; 张志恒; 秦华; 杨法杰; 代晓东; 贾子麒; 常维纯; 李春漫

    2011-01-01

    采用硅氧烷的复配物作为改性剂,使天然气管道内壁表面形成致密的超疏水分子膜,以达到管道防腐的目的.从天然气管道上取得管材试样,对改性前后的试样表面进行红外光谱和接触角测试,利用不同酸度值的5% NaCl和5%NaCl-HCl水溶液,对改性前后的管道内壁表面进行腐蚀实验.结果表明:天然气管道内壁表面由多种FeOOH、a-Fe2O3、FeCO3及少量Fe3O4组成;改性后,管道内壁表面与硅氧烷发生化学反应,复配物的碳链分子以化学键形式与管道内壁表面联接,形成超疏水分子膜,接触角大于160°,具有良好的防腐性能.硅氧烷复配物易于雾化,在湿气输送管道及其他具一定湿度的天然气管道内壁缓蚀或防腐上,具有一定的发展潜力.%In this paper, the complex of siloxanes was used as the modifying agent to form a dense layer of anticorrosion film upon theinner wall surface of steel for natural gas pipeline by direct spraying process. The testing of infra-red spectrometry and contactangle revealed that the inner wall surface of steels which were taken from the field natural gas pipeline was composed ofmultiform FeOOH,FeCO3,α-Fe2O3 and a trace of Fe3O4. After being modified,the steel inner wall surface was coupled with alayer of super-hydrophobic film with alkyl chains towards the surface by the chemical reaction of steel surface and siloxanes. Theaverage contact angle of the super-hydrophobic film was over 160°. The results of corrosions around the modified steel innersurfaces by 5wt% NaCI aqueous solution with different acidities indicated that the formed super-hydrophobic film was dense andstable,and had excellent anticorrosion properties. The complex of siloxanes used here is easily atomized and has a potential incorrosion inhibition or anticorrosion for wet gas transmission pipelines and natural gas pipelines with certain humidity.

  15. Flood Resilient Technological Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diez Gonzalez, J. J.; Monnot, J. V.; Marquez Paniagua, P.; Pámpanas, P.; Paz Abuín, S.; Prendes, P.; Videra, O.; U. P. M. Smartest Team

    2012-04-01

    As a consequence of the paradigm shift of the EU water policy (Directive 2007/60/EC, EC 2003) from defense to living with flood, floods shall be faced in the future through resilient solutions, seeking to improve the permanence of flood protection, and getting thus beyond traditional temporary and human-relying solutions. But the fact is that nowadays "Flood Resilient (FRe) Building Technological Products" is an undefined concept, and concerned FRe solutions cannot be even easily identified. "FRe Building Technological materials" is a wide term involving a wide and heterogeneous range of solutions. There is an interest in offering an identification and classification of the referred products, since it will be useful for stakeholders and populations at flood risk for adopting the most adequate protections when facing floods. Thus, a previous schematic classification would enable us at least to identify most of them and to figure out autonomous FRe Technological Products categories subject all of them to intense industrial innovative processes. The flood resilience enhancement of a given element requires providing it enough water-repelling capacity, and different flood resilient solutions can be sorted out: barriers, waterproofing and anticorrosive. Barriers are palliative solutions that can be obtained either from traditional materials, or from technological ones, offering their very low weight and high maneuverability. Belonging barriers and waterproofing systems to industrial branches clearly different, from a conceptual point of view, waterproofing material may complement barriers, and even be considered as autonomous barriers in some cases. Actually, they do not only complement barriers by their application to barriers' singular weak points, like anchors, joints, but on the other hand, waterproofing systems can be applied to enhance the flood resilience of new building, as preventive measure. Anticorrosive systems do belong to a clearly different category

  16. Alternativas al cromo en la industria del acabado superficial del aluminio. Tratamientos superficiales de bajo impacto ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aballe Villero, Álvaro

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available Chromates are one of the most commonly used compounds in anticorrosive protection systems because of its excellent rate efficiency/cost. In the case of aluminium alloys, these compounds are employed as inhibitors as well as in the anticorrosive pretreatments to develop protective films. However, chromates are highly toxic and its use involves a high risk for health and environment. Consequently, in the last years intensive efforts have been achieved in the surface treatment industry to find ecological alternatives to this kind of compounds. In this work, the main alternatives proposed in literature to substitute chromates in the surface treatments of aluminium alloys are reviewed. To begin with, the role of chromates in these systems and their environmental consequences has been briefly reviewed.

    Los cromatos son unas de las sustancias más comúnmente empleadas en los sistemas de protección frente a la corrosión de aleaciones metálicas, debido a su excelente relación eficacia/coste. En el caso de las aleaciones de aluminio, estos compuestos se aplican tanto como inhibidores, incorporados al medio agresivo, como en pretratamientos anticorrosivos para la formación de películas protectoras. Sin embargo, los cromatos son altamente tóxicos y su uso conlleva un elevado riesgo para la salud laboral y el medio ambiente. Por esta razón, dentro de la industria del acabado superficial, en los últimos tiempos, se ha venido realizando un intenso esfuerzo para buscar alternativas ecológicamente aceptables a este tipo de compuestos. En este trabajo se revisan las principales alternativas planteadas en la bibliografía para sustituir a los cromatos en los tratamientos superficiales de las aleaciones de aluminio. Como punto de partida, se ha llevado a cabo un breve repaso al papel que juegan los cromatos en los sistemas de protección frente a la corrosión y las implicaciones medioambientales que conlleva su uso.

  17. 新型木材纳米防腐剂的抑菌性研究%Research of New Lumber Nanometer Preservatives Antibacterial Property

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄浪; 王佳贺; 袁海威; 于伟明; 韩冰; 谢季江; 许民

    2011-01-01

    以自主研制的新型木材防腐剂为防腐药剂,选择已经发生初期轻微蓝变的试件和没有腐朽的试件,通过施加防腐剂,接种白腐菌、软腐菌和褐腐菌试验,按照不同时间检测试件的顺纹抗压强度和失重,分析新型木材纳米防腐剂的抑菌性能及对不同菌种的抑菌效果。结果表明:防腐剂对褐腐菌具有较好的抑菌性能,在试验近90天的时间内基本保持顺纹抗压强度不变,并且试件失重很少,可见铜对褐腐菌作用效果显著;对白腐菌和软腐菌效果不明显,需要进行防腐剂复配的进一步试验;对已发生初期轻微蓝变的试件,施加防腐剂基本没有作用。%Take self developed new wood preservative as anticorrosion elixir, choose has occurred early slight blue be- come specimen and no decayed controlled trials, through the specimen exert preservative, vaccination white-rot fungus,soft rot bacteria and brown rot, according to different bacteria experiment test specimen arrange grain time the compressive strength and weightlessness, and the lumber nanometer antiseptic new antibacterial properties of different strains and bacteriostasis effect were analized. The results showed that the new wood preservative had certain anticorrosive effect, the grain from the compressive strength and weightlessness results were seen to brown rot, preservatives bacteria hayed good antibacterial properties, nearly 90 days in the test within the time keeps basically arrange grain was changeless, and the compressive strength, visible copper specimens weightlessness rarely to brown rot effect significantly; bacteria Dialogue corruption bacteria and soft rot bacteria effect wsa not apparent, need to undertake preservatives blends with further tests; Already happened to the initial slight blue change specimens, exert preservatives basic to no effect.

  18. Application of the quasi-ceramic coating technique to well completion in highly sour gas reservoirs%高酸性气藏完井类陶瓷覆膜处理技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何祖清; 马开华; 王晖; 刘文玲

    2011-01-01

    完井工具在高酸性气藏中的腐蚀破坏普遍存在.对完井工具的腐蚀形式和各种处理技术进行了研究.研究结果表明,采用化学气一固平衡反应工艺制取(TiCr)xNy和(TiCr)xNy,膜具有很好的阻氢效果,其防止氢渗透的效率是抗氢不锈钢的1000倍以上,可以有效防止氢进入材料内部所造成的氢致应力腐蚀.通过模拟井下H2S环境的室内的腐蚀试验结果表明,在各种工具表面制备的多层致密类陶瓷覆膜能够适应油田井下各种复杂的腐蚀环境,提高完井工具的防腐性能及其部分机械性能指标,从而为高酸性气藏完井研究了一种安全新型、经济合理的关键技术.%The corrosion of well-completion tools used in highly sour gas reservoirs is very common. The present paper dealt with the corrosion of well-completion tools and the related anti-corrosion techniques, and the study found that(TiCr)x Ny and(TiCr)x Ny membranes prepared in a chemical gas-solid equilibrium reaction process were very helpful in hydrogen resistance, their efficiency of preventing hydrogen from permeation was 1000 times higher than that of hydrogen-proof stainless steel, so they could effectively resist the hydrogen-induced stress corrosion by preventing hydrogen from entering the interior of materials. Through a laboratory corrosion experiment on material samples used for well-completion tools at a simulated downhole H2S environment, the study proved that dense quasi-ceramic multi-layer coatings prepared on the surface of various tools were capable of adapting to various complex downhole corrosive environments, enhancing corrosion-proof properties of well-completion tools and improving some of their mechanical performance indicators. Therefore, this key technique is a safe and economical new approach for the anticorrosion of well-completion tools used in highly sour gas reservoirs.

  19. Evaluation on Environment Corrosion of Subsea Tunnels and Indoor Aaccelerated Corrosion Test on Secondary Lining Concrete%海底隧道环境腐蚀性评价及二次衬砌混凝土室内加速腐蚀分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学斌

    2012-01-01

    In order to evaluate the environment corrosion and to analyze the anti-corrosion capacity of the secondary lin- ing of subsea tunnels, a series of researches based on both technical codes and indoor accelerated corrosion tests are car- ried out. The result shows that the corrosion grade of the exterior side of the secondary lining of Xiang' an tunnel in Xia- men is Grade D, and that of the interior side of the secondary lining of Xiang' an tunnel is grade E. The results have been applied in the design of Xiang' an tunnel. Both Type A mixing proportion ( water/binder ratio of 0.36, 60% of slag powder) and type B mixing proportion ( water/binder ratio of 0.36, 15% of fly ash and 60% of slag powder) can meet the strength requirement of C45 concrete and can achieve good anti-corrosion capacity, therefore they are recom- mended for Xiang' an tunnel. In the end, Type B mixing proportion is adopted for the concrete of the secondary lining of Xiang' an tunnel.%为评价海底隧道支护结构环境腐蚀性等级和分析二次衬砌混凝土抗腐蚀性能,采用相关技术标准、规范和室内加速腐蚀试验进行综合分析。结果表明,厦门翔安隧道二次衬砌外壁环境腐蚀性等级为严重的D级,内壁为非常严重的E级,得到设计采用;矿渣组(水胶比0.36,单掺60%矿渣粉)和共掺组(水胶比0.36,掺15%粉煤灰+60%矿渣粉)综合性能均满足CA5强度要求,且具有良好的抗腐蚀性能,推荐作为厦门翔安隧道二次衬砌高性能混凝土配合比的参考;根据耐久性设计综合研究成果,厦门翔安隧道最终采用推荐的共掺组二次衬砌配合比方案。

  20. 防CO2腐蚀水泥浆在神华CCS示范项目中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤少兵; 李宗要; 谢承斌; 霍明江; 席方柱; 钟福海

    2011-01-01

    Abstract An anti-corrosion additive BCE-750S is developed based on thermodynamics and kinetics. It is evaluated from corrosion depth, permeability and the compressive strength. The results show that the cement mixed with 40%-60% (BWOC) BCE-750S can increase the performance of CO2 corrosion resistance greatly, reduce the corrosion depth and permeability effectively, and improve the compressive strength of more than 50%. Combined with field operation, an anti-corrosion slurry system is designed for Shenhua CCS (CO2 Capture and Storage) project. This system is applied to the liner (φ 139.7 mm) cementing and tieback liner cementing of wells of Zhongshenzhul and Zhongshenjianl successfully. More than 90% target layers are isolated hydraulically.%从热力学和动力学角度研发出了防腐蚀外掺料BCE-750S,并分别从水泥石的腐蚀深度、渗透率、抗压强度方面对BCE-750S的防腐蚀性能进行了室内评价.结果表明,BCE-750S水泥浆具有显著的防CO2腐蚀能力,将BCE-750S按40%~60%的比例外掺到油井水泥中,可有效提高水泥石对CO2的防腐蚀能力,降低腐蚀深度和渗透率,使抗压强度提高50%以上.结合现场情况,优化设计出适合于CCS(CO2捕获与封存)项目的防腐蚀水泥浆体系,在中神注l井、中神监1井φ139.70 mm尾管及回接固井得到成功应用,对90%以上的目标层位实现了有效水力封隔.

  1. Corrosion Protection and Design Improvement of an Aircraft%某型飞机腐蚀防护及设计改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭志军; 王学强; 叶彬

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the corrosion problem of a certain aircraft, and to formulate structure corrosion repairing and anti-corrosion measures. Methods The corrosion reasons and the defects of the structure protection system were ob-tained after statistical analysis of aircraft corrosion classification and combing of the existing aircraft protection system. On the basis of aircraft serving area environment measurement, the aircraft ground parking environmental spectrum and the lo-cal environmental spectrum were developed. The design improvement measures for the structure protection system were taken, and the improvement effect of the design was verified by the accelerated corrosion test. Results Compared to the o-riginal state before improvement of the structure design, the calendar life of the anti-corrosion improvement structure was extend by 1. 6 to 5 times. Conclusion The aircraft was easy to subject to a variety of types of corrosion problems under the weak protection system. Good effect could only be achieved through systematic treatment of the problems in aircraft struc-ture corrosion.%目的:针对某型飞机的腐蚀问题开展研究,制定结构腐蚀修理和防腐改进措施。方法对外场飞机的腐蚀情况进行统计归类,对现有飞机防护体系进行梳理,分析结构腐蚀原因和防护体系的不足。在对飞机服役地区环境进行实测的基础上,编制飞机地面停放环境谱和飞机结构局部环境谱。研究制定结构防护体系设计改进措施,并通过加速腐蚀试验验证设计改进效果。结果与结构设计改进前的原始状态相比,防腐改进后的结构日历寿命提高1.6~5倍。结论飞机防护体系薄弱的情况下容易引发多种类型的腐蚀问题;系统地对飞机结构腐蚀问题进行治理,才能取得令人满意的效果。

  2. Engineering Calculation Method of Electromagnetic Effect on Oil/Gas Pipelines from 1 000 kV AC Transmission Line Having Single-phase Ground Fault

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Wenliang; JIANG Jun; GUO Jian; LU Jiayu

    2012-01-01

    There will be more and more AC transmission lines near oil/gas pipelines in the future.So in order to determine the safe distance between them,simple and effective methods are required for engineers to efficiently evaluate the electromagnetic effect on oil/gas pipelines due to faults of AC transmission lines.In this paper,an easily handled fitting formula is obtained based on multiple calculation results,which is the maximum voltage on the pipeline anticorrosive coating produced by 1 000 kV AC transmission line under single phase ground fault.Although the calculation results obtained from the fitting formula differ from those gained by precise calculation with softwares,the verification of the formula shows that it is applicable for engineering calculation.This research could be applied to evaluate the electromagnetic effect of 1 000 kV AC transmission line under single-phase ground fault on nearby pipelines,as well as to determine the safe distance or the maximum parallel length.

  3. Current research progress of organofluorine modified acrylate resin%有机氟改性丙烯酸酯树脂研究新进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建峰; 肖新颜

    2012-01-01

    Several chemical modification methods for preparation of organofluorine' modified acrylate resin and their cunnt research progress were reviewed. These methods include conventional emulsion polymerization, core-shell emulsion polymerization, and emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization. The application status of organofluorine-modified acrylate resin in the field of exterior wall coatings and anticorrosive/antifouling coatings were summarized. The development prospect of organofluorine-kmodified acrylate resin was presented.%综述了有机氟改性丙烯酸酯树脂的化学改性制备方法(如常规乳液聚合、核壳乳液聚合和无皂乳液聚合等)及其研究新进展,总结了有机氟改性丙烯酸酯树脂在外墙涂料、防腐防污涂料等领域的应用现状,并展望了该研究领域的发展前景.

  4. Synthesis of P(St-BA-MAA-SPAA) nano-latex and its application in high anti-corrisive coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hai-feng; SHENG Ming-shuang; PAN Zhao-ji; QIU Da-jian; GUO Zhi-hua; GAN Fu-xing

    2008-01-01

    A novel zinc-rich pigment based on P(St-BA-MAA-SPAA) nano-latex was obtained, which is suitable for the use in hot alkali liquid medium. The nano-latex was synthesized by active emulsifier latex polymerization method with monomers of styrene(St), butylaerylate (BA), methylacrylic acid(MAA) in the presence of active emulsifier 3-sulfopropylaerylate(SPAA). The synthesis condition and properties of the latex were investigated. And the anti-corrosive property of the resultant zinc-rich coating was studied. The results show that the nano-latex is self-stabilized and has a narrow particle diameter distribution, the average diameter of the latex particles is 71 nm. Zinc powders can be evenly dispersed in the nano-latex, which indicates that the P(St-BA-MAA-SPAA)nano latex can be used as the binder of zinc-rich coating. The resultant zinc-rich coating is able to resist the invasion of hot alkali solution(the temperature is 95 ℃ and the pH value is 14) for 480 h and the exposure time in salt spray is 1 200 h. Moreover, the coating shows good thermal conductivity and static electricity properties, its thermal conductivity and electric resistivity are 21-37 W/(m·K) and 6.7×105-3.5×106 Ω.cm, respectively

  5. TiO2 Deposition on AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Using Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon White

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO has been used in the past as a useful surface treatment technique to improve the anticorrosion properties of Mg alloys by forming protective layer. Coatings were prepared on AZ31 magnesium alloy in phosphate electrolyte with the addition of TiO2 nanoparticles using plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO. This present work focuses on developing a TiO2 functional coating to create a novel electrophotocatalyst while observing the surface morphology, structure, composition, and corrosion resistance of the PEO coating. Microstructural characterization of the coating was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD and scanning electron microscopy (SEM followed by image analysis and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX. The corrosion resistance of the PEO treated samples was evaluated with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS and DC polarization tests in 3.5 wt.% NaCl. The XRD pattern shows that the components of the oxide film include Mg from the substrate as well as MgO and Mg2TiO4 due to the TiO2 nanoparticle addition. The results show that the PEO coating with TiO2 nanoparticles did improve the corrosion resistance when compared to the AZ31 substrate alloy.

  6. Finite element reduction strategy for composite sandwich plates with viscoelastic layers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Amaro Diacenco

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Composite materials have been regarded as a convenient strategy in various types of engineering systems such as aeronautical and space structures, as well as architecture and light industry products due to their advantages over the traditional engineering materials, such as their high strength/stiffness relation characteristics and their anti-corrosion properties. This paper is devoted to the finite element modeling of composite laminated structures incorporating viscoelastic materials to the problem of vibration attenuation. However, the typically high dimension of large finite element models of composite structures incorporating viscoelastic materials makes the numerical processes sometimes unfeasible. Within this context, emphasis is placed on a general condensation strategy specially adapted for the case of viscoelastically damped structures, in which a constant (frequency- and temperature-independent reduction basis to be enriched by static residues associated to the applied loads and the viscoelastic forces is used. After presenting the theoretical foundations, the numerical applications of composite plates treated by viscoelastic materials are addressed, and the main features of the methodology are discussed.

  7. Evaluation of pH control agents influencing on corrosion of carbon steel in secondary water chemistry condition of pressurized water reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rhee, In Hyoung; Jung, Hyun Jun; Cho, Dae Chul [Dept. of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Asan (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-06-15

    The effect of various pH agents on the corrosion behavior of carbon steel was investigated under a simulated secondary water chemistry condition of a pressurized water reactor (PWR) in a laboratory, and the steel's corrosion performance was compared with the field data obtained from Uljin NPP unit 2 reactor. All tests were carried out at temperatures of 50 degrees C-250 degrees C and pH of 8.5 - 10. The pH at a given temperature was controlled by adding different agents. Laboratory data indicate that the corrosion rate of carbon steel decreased as the pH increased under the test conditions and the highest corrosion rate was measured at 150 degrees C. This high corrosion rate may be related to high dissolution and instability of Fe oxide (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}) at 150 degrees C. It was also found that an addition of ethanolamine (ETA) to ammonia was more effectivefor anticorrosion than ammonia alone, and that mixed treatment reduced 50% of iron or more at pHs of 9.5 or higher, especially in the steam generator (SG) and the moisture separator and re-heater.

  8. Cell spreading on titanium dioxide film formed and modified with aerosol beam and femtosecond laser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shinonaga, Togo, E-mail: togo@jwri.osaka-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 1-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Tsukamoto, Masahiro [Joining and Welding Research Institute, Osaka University, 11-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Nagai, Akiko; Yamashita, Kimihiro; Hanawa, Takao [Institute of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 2-3-10 Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0062 (Japan); Matsushita, Nobuhiro [Materials and Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8503 (Japan); Xie, Guoqiang [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Karahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577 (Japan); Abe, Nobuyuki [Joining and Welding Research Institute, Osaka University, 11-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan)

    2014-01-01

    Titanium (Ti) is widely used in biomaterials because of its excellent anti-corrosion properties and high strength. However, Ti has no biological function, so its bioactivity must be improved. Coating a titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) film on a Ti plate surface has been shown to improve the biocompatibility of Ti plates. If periodic nanostructures were formed on the film surface, the direction of cell spreading might be controlled by the direction of the grooves. Controlling cell spreading on biomaterials would contribute to the creation of advanced biomaterials. In this paper, a TiO{sub 2} film was formed on a Ti plate with an aerosol beam composed of sub micron-sized TiO{sub 2} particles and helium gas. Periodic nanostructures, lying perpendicular to the laser electric field polarization vector, were formed on the film by scanning the femtosecond laser focusing spot. The period and height of the periodic nanostructures were about 230 nm and 150 nm, respectively. In a cell test, cell spreading was observed along the grooves of the periodic nanostructures; in contrast, cell spreading did not show a definite direction on TiO{sub 2} a film without periodic nanostructures. These results suggest that the direction of cell spreading on the film can be controlled by periodic nanostructure formation generated using a femtosecond laser.

  9. Wear and corrosion behaviors of Ti6Al4V alloy biomedical materials by silver plasma immersion ion implantation process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to improve the wear resistance and anti-corrosion behaviors of Ti6Al4V (TC4) alloy, polished samples were implanted with silver (Ag) ions by plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) technique. The phase composition and element concentration–depth distribution in modified layer were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Auger electron spectrum (AES). Corrosion resistance, microhardness, friction and wear behaviors of PIII-TC4 alloy changed with the Ag ion implantation dose. XRD analysis reveals that the surface modified layer consists of Ag and a small amount of TiAg phases. AES results show that Ag atomic peak concentration is 9.88%, about 14.4 nm from the surface. The maximum nanohardness and elastic modulus of PIII-TC4 alloy increases by 62.5% and 54.5%, respectively. The lowest friction coefficient reduces from 0.78 to 0.2. The test result of potentiodynamic polarization in 3.5% NaCl saturated solution indicates that the sample of Ag ion dose at 1.0 × 1017 ions/cm2 has the best corrosion resistance with the lowest corrosion current density and the least porosity.

  10. DN<100外镀锌内涂塑螺纹管件机械加工工艺%Mechanical processing technology for DN<100 outside surface coated galvanizing inside surface plastic-coating thread fittings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙冰心

    2011-01-01

    针对市场上给水螺纹管件存在的问题,我们在外镀锌内涂塑可锻铸铁管件的塑粉涂料和机械加工工艺方面做了较大改进,较好地解决了小于DN100热镀锌内涂塑钢管的接口螺纹连接涂塑膜质量问题,保证了管件的防蚀和密封性能,使涂塑管路全程性能得到保证,整体管路和高层建筑同寿命,免维修.%For the shortcoming of thread fittings for water supply,we do great progress in plastic powder and mechanical processing technology for the malleable iron hot-dip galvanizing fittings ,the quality of plastic membrane was solved in thread connection fittings of the DN<100 outside surface coated galvanizing irside surface plastic-coating steel tube.Better anti-corrosion and seal performances of the fittings ensure the full performance of the coating pipe.The life of overall coating pipe are the same as the high-rise buildings and maintenance-free.

  11. 长输管道工程关键工序质量影响因素及控制措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈均涛

    2012-01-01

    Quality problems appearing easily at the critical procedures of long-distance pipeline construction project like the construction welding, the repaired mouth and repaired wound for anti-corrosion, and the trench backfill, are regarded as the object of research. And then relevant factors influencing the key procedure quality of long-distance pipeline construction project are analyzed, followed by some suggestions of prevent and controlling measures. This study accumulates experiences for the quality management of long-distance pipeline construction project, and lays the solid foundation for improving the whole level of that project.%主要以长输管道建设工程施工焊接、防腐补口补伤、下沟回填等关键工序易出现的质量问题为研究对象,解剖分析影响长输管道建设工程关键工序质量的相关因素,并提出预防和控制措施。为长输管道建设工程质量管理工作积累了经验,为提高长输管道建设工程整体质量水平奠定了坚实的基础。

  12. Effect of coupling asynchronous acoustoelectric effects on the corrosion behavior, microhardness and biocompatibility of biomedical titanium alloy strips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Xiaoxin; Tang, Guoyi

    2015-01-01

    The coupling asynchronous acoustoelectric effects (CAAE) of the high-energy electropulsing treatment (EPT) technique and ultrasonic surface strengthening modification (USSM) are innovatively combined in improving the surface microhardness, corrosion behavior and biocompatibility of the pre-deformed titanium alloy strips. Experimental results show that EPT and USSM processes facilitate the surface grain refining and USSM brings in the micro-dimples on the materials surface, which is attributed to the atoms diffusion acceleration under EPT and severe surface plastic deformation under USSM. These microstructure changes can not only enhance the corrosion resistance in the acidic simulated body fluids and fluoridated acidic artificial saliva but also improve the biocompatibility of the titanium alloy strip materials. Moreover, the surface microhardness of the titanium alloy strips is enhanced to improve the wear resistance. Therefore, CAAE processing is a high-efficiency and energy-saving method for obtaining biomedical titanium alloys with superior anti-corrosion performance, microhardness and biocompatibility, which can be widely applied in dental implants and artificial joint.

  13. Federal technology alert: Ultrasonic humidifiers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    Humidifiers are used in buildings to maintain humidity levels to ensure quality and handling capabilities in manufacturing processes, to lower the transmission rate of disease-causing bacteria in hospitals, to reduce static electricity in manufacturing clean rooms and in computer rooms, and to provide higher levels of employee comfort in offices. Ultrasonic humidifiers generate a water mist without raising its temperature. An electronic oscillation is converted to a mechanical oscillation using a piezo disk immersed in a reservoir of mineral-free water. The mechanical oscillation is directed at the surface of the water, where at very high frequencies it creates a very fine mist of water droplets. This adiabatic process, which does not heat the supply water, reduces humidifier energy use by 90 to 93% compared with systems that do boil the water. Ultrasonic humidifiers have been demonstrated to be more efficient and to require less maintenance than competing humidifier technologies such as electrode canisters, quartz lamps, and indirect steam-to-steam. They do not require anticorrosive additives that affect the indoor air quality of buildings using direct steam humidifiers. There are two potential disadvantages of ultrasonic humidifiers. They must use mineral-free, deionized water or water treated with reverse osmosis. Treated water reduces maintenance costs because it eliminates calcium deposits, but increases other operating costs. Also, the cool mist from ultrasonic humidifiers absorbs energy from the supply air as it evaporates and provides a secondary cooling effect.

  14. Industrial Application of Ion Beams in KOMAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the last 5 years, we have performed extensive R and D efforts by ion beam to characterize metallic, ceramic, polymeric materials and have supported users from a broad range of institutions, including a large number of industries. So, in this study, through verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, it is going to get it started, with cooperation of participatory company, to enter into markets with developed technology and products. Through the ion beam service to users by using ion beam facilities in KOMAC, we are successfully achieved several industrial applications by ion beams. Based on verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, we hope to get it started to enter markets with developed technology and products. Ion implantation technology, which is one of ultramodern technologies, can be used in enhancing chemical and physical properties of materials, such as anti-corrosion, wear resistance and electrical conductivity. Comparing with conventional surface modification technologies, it does not generate toxic wastes, which can threaten the environment. It provides precise control of surface thickness and strong adherence of surface material. Therefore, this technology will be used in surface modification along with steady improvement of ion implantation technology

  15. Industrial Application of Ion Beams in KOMAC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jaesang; Lee, Chanyoung; Kim, Bomsok; Choi, Hyukjun; Kim, Yongki; Kim, Hyungjin; Park, Jaewon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    For the last 5 years, we have performed extensive R and D efforts by ion beam to characterize metallic, ceramic, polymeric materials and have supported users from a broad range of institutions, including a large number of industries. So, in this study, through verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, it is going to get it started, with cooperation of participatory company, to enter into markets with developed technology and products. Through the ion beam service to users by using ion beam facilities in KOMAC, we are successfully achieved several industrial applications by ion beams. Based on verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, we hope to get it started to enter markets with developed technology and products. Ion implantation technology, which is one of ultramodern technologies, can be used in enhancing chemical and physical properties of materials, such as anti-corrosion, wear resistance and electrical conductivity. Comparing with conventional surface modification technologies, it does not generate toxic wastes, which can threaten the environment. It provides precise control of surface thickness and strong adherence of surface material. Therefore, this technology will be used in surface modification along with steady improvement of ion implantation technology.

  16. Internal friction peak and damping mechanism in high damping aluminium alloy laminate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A new aluminium alloy laminate characterized by high damping, corrosion resistance and weldablity was developed. The laminate designed for required aforesaid functions was actually a composite material, which was made of two anti-corrosive layers (Al), two damping layers (ZnAl alloy) and one reinforcing layer (AlMg alloy) by hot rolling. The damping characteristics were studied and it was found that there was an internal friction peak at about 50  ℃ on internal fraction vs temperature curve for the laminate. For this reason, the activation energy of the peak was calculated. The origin and damping mechanism for this peak was researched by means of SEM, TEM, X-ray and DSC. It is considered that the peak is caused by the interaction between dislocations and point defects in damping layers (AlZn alloy). i.e. by the movement of dislocations dragging point defects under the action of thermal-activation. The laminate is remained at room temperature for a long time, it will weaken or even disappear with the restoration of the crystal microstructure and the reduction of the dislocation density in the ZnAl alloy layers. The mechanism of the peak is in conformity with that of the dislocation-induced damping.

  17. Effects of Sn2 + on the performance of Pb and Pb-Ca-Sn-Al electrodes in sulfuric acid%Sn2+对Pb及Pb-Ca-Sn-Al电极在硫酸中性能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盘华玉; 苏丽青; 郭永榔

    2011-01-01

    The electrochemical performance of Pb and Pb-Ca-Sn-Al electrodes in sulfuric acid with or without Sn2+ was studied by cyclic voltammetry, linear sweep voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy methods. The addition of Sn2+ improved the anti-corrosion performance and conductivity of Pb and Pb-Ca-Sn-Al electrodes, the reduction peak currents of Pb( Ⅱ ) basic compounds decreased to 1/10 and 1/5,respectively.%用循环伏安、线性扫描伏安和交流阻抗法研究了Pb和Pb-Ca-Sn-Al电极在含与不合Sn2+的硫酸中的电化学性能.添加Sn2+,提高了Pb和Pb-Ca-Sn-Al电极在硫酸中的抗腐蚀性和导电性能,Pb(Ⅱ)碱性化合物还原峰的电流分别减小至约1/10和1/5.

  18. Technology for Prevention and Control of Fungus and Algae Propagation in Ground Water Well%地下水井菌藻繁殖防治技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于勇; 谢天强; 蔺延项; 鲍万民

    2001-01-01

    The pollution of ground water causes the blockage of deep well pumps. It is believed through analyses of water quality and of the fungus and algae in scale samples that it was the organics in the ground water which caused the propagation of fungus and algae, and that it was the propagation of fungus and algae which caused the corrosion of well walls and blockage of water pumps. This problem can be solved by applying a bactericidal and anti-corrosive coating on the walls of the wells%地下水污染,导致深井泵堵塞。通过水质和垢样菌藻分析,认为是地下水中的有机物导致菌藻繁 殖,菌藻生长繁殖又导致井壁腐蚀和水泵堵塞。采用在井壁涂刷杀菌防腐涂料的办法可解决这一问题

  19. Inhibitive Behaviour of Corrosion of Aluminium Alloy in NaCl by Mangrove Tannin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anticorrosion potential of mangrove tannins on aluminium alloys AA6061 in NaCl solution has been studied using potentiodynamic polarisation method and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The study was carried out in different pH of corrosive medium in the absence and presence of various concentrations of tannin. The corrosion inhibition behaviour of the mangrove tannin on AA6061 aluminium alloy corrosion was found to be dependant on the pH of NaCl solution. Our results showed that the inhibition efficiency increased with increasing tannins concentration in chloride solution at pH 6. Treatment of aluminium alloy 6061 with all concentrations of mangrove tannins reduced the current density, thus decreased the corrosion rate. Tannins behaved as mixed inhibitors at pH 6 and reduction in current density predominantly affected in cathodic reaction. Meanwhile, at pH 12, addition of tannins shifted the corrosion potential to more cathodic potentials and a passivating effect was observed in anodic potentials. SEM studies have shown that the addition of tannins in chloride solution at pH 12 reduced the surface degradation and the formation of pits. (author)

  20. 电解厂房照明节能改造%Energy Saving Reconstruction of Electrolytic Plant Lighting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘松林; 孙益敏

    2014-01-01

    For many years, since the bad environment of copper smelter plant lighting, no anticorrosion measures to most of the lamps, low protection level, resulting in lots of lamp life of our factory is very short, damaging frequently, and some difficulties to re-place the plant top lighting. In this article, taking the electrolytic for example, demonstrates how to improve lighting efficiency, reduce the lamp replacement frequency to realize green permanent lighting.%很多年来,铜冶炼厂的厂房照明由于环境比较恶劣,加上很多灯具没有防腐蚀措施,防护等级低,导致我们厂内的很多灯具寿命很短,损坏频繁,而且很多厂房顶部的照明更换存在很大的难度,维修难度大,此文以电解厂房为实例,论证如何提高照明效率,减少灯具更换频率,实现绿色持久照明。