WorldWideScience

Sample records for anticorrosion

  1. Synergism in anticorrosive paints

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G BLUSTEIN; C DEYÁ; R ROMAGNOLI

    2016-06-01

    The present work depicts synergism anticorrosive behaviour between zinc hypophosphite and zinc phosphate in a commercial pigment mixture. Also, the performance of anticorrosive paints was evaluated. Synergism anticorrosive behaviour was evaluated by corrosion potential and linear polarization measurements in pigment suspensions. The protective layer obtained with this pigment mixture was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Then, the anticorrosive properties of the pigment were assessed by incorporating it into alkyd and epoxy paints which were evaluated by salt spray test and electrochemical noise technique. The morphology and the nature of the protective layer grown under the paint film were also studied by SEM. Experimental results showed that improved anticorrosion protection is achieved in paints with reduced zinc phosphate contents as a consequence of the synergistic interaction between zinc hypophosphite and the other components of the pigment mixture. The electrochemical noise technique proved to be adequate to monitor corrosion in painted panels and is able to detectcorrosion under the paint film from very early stages. This paper identified the need to study synergism between anticorrosive pigments to try to reduce the phosphate content in anticorrosive paints.

  2. Anticorrosive coatings: a review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Per Aggerholm; Kiil, Søren; Dam-Johansen, Kim;

    2009-01-01

    The main objective of this review is to describe some of the important topics related to the use of marine and protective coatings for anticorrosive purposes. In this context, "protective" refers to coatings for containers, offshore constructions, wind turbines, storage tanks, bridges, rail cars......, and petrochemical plants while "marine" refers to coatings for ballast tanks, cargo holds and cargo tanks, decks, and engine rooms on ships. The review aims at providing a thorough picture of state-of-the-art in anticorrosive coatings systems. International and national legislation aiming at reducing...... the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have caused significant changes in the anticorrosive coating industry. The requirement for new VOC-compliant coating technologies means that coating manufacturers can no longer rely on the extensive track record of their time-served products to...

  3. Anti-Corrosion Coating

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    SuperSpan RM 8000 is an anti-corrosion coating which effectively counteracts acid degradation, abrasive wear, and cracking in power industry facilities. It was developed by RM Industrial Products Company, Inc. with NERAC assistance. It had previously been necessary to shut down plants to repair or replace corroded duct-work in coal burning utilities. NASA-developed technology was especially useful in areas relating to thermoconductivity of carbon steel and the bonding characteristics of polymers. The product has sold well.

  4. Self-Healing anticorrosive coatings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nesterova, Tatyana

    %. The number is lower than anticipated and needs to be confirmed. Finally, a 3-D model, based on Monte-Carlo simulations, has been developed for prediction of healing efficiency of a microcapsule-based anticorrosive coating. Two kinds of cracks were considered: cracks accommodated within the bulk coating......Self-healing anticorrosive coatings are multi-component so-called smart materials, which have been proposed as a way to long-lasting corrosion protection of steel structures. The presently most promising technology route is based on microcapsules, filled with active healing agents, and has been...... to capillary forces. The healing agents then start to react, form a polymer network, and =glue‘ the crack. The approach has been applied to development of an epoxy-based self-healing anticorrosive coating for above water heavy duty corrosion protection. Emphasis has been on investigation of practical issues...

  5. Anticorrosion protection of uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uranium in atmospheric conditions is non-stable. Sloughing products are being generated on its surface during storage or use. These corrosion products make many difficulties because of necessity to provide personnel safety. Besides, uranium corrosion may cause damage in parts. The first works devoted to uranium corrosion were performed in the framework of the USA Manhattan Project in the early forties of last century. Various methods of uranium protection were investigated, among them the galvanic one was the most studied. Later on the galvanic technology was patented. The works on this problem remains urgent up to the present time. In Russia, many methods of uranium corrosion protection, mainly against atmospheric corrosion, were tried on. In particular, such methods as diffusion zinc and paint coating were investigated. In the first case, a complex intermetallic U-Zn compound was formed but its protection was not reliable enough, this protection system was inconvenient and uncertain and that is why an additional paint coating was necessary. In the case of paint coatings another problem appeared. It was necessary to find such a coating where gas-permeability would prevail over water-permeability. Otherwise significant uranium corrosion occurs. This circumstance together with low mechanical resistance of paint coatings does not allow to use paint coating for long-term protection of uranium. Currently, there are following methods of uranium protection: ion-plasma, galvanic and thermo-vacuum annealing. These are described in this paper. In the end the issue of corrosion protection in reactor core zones is addressed. Here the greatest difficulties are caused when enriched uranium heated up to 500 deg. C needs anticorrosion protection. In this case various metal coatings are not reliable because of brittle inter-metallide formation. The reliable protection may be provided only up to the temperature plus 400 - 500 deg. C with the help of galvanic copper coating since

  6. Qualification of anticorrosive coatings in nuclear vessels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Test qualifications of the behavior of anticorrosive coating systems used in nuclear vessels in service and under the accident conditions of radiation decontamination, steam chemical resistance, thermal conductivity, weathering accelerated aging are presented and discussed. (author)

  7. Corrosion and anticorrosion. Industrial practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book comprises 14 chapters written with the collaboration of about 50 French experts of corrosion. It is complementary to another volume entitled 'corrosion of metals and alloys' and published by the same editor. This volume comprises two parts: part 1 presents the basic notions of corrosion phenomena, the properties of surfaces, the electrochemical properties of corrosion etc.. Part 2 describes the most frequent forms of corrosion encountered in industrial environments and corresponding to specific problems of protection: marine environment, atmospheric corrosion, galvanic corrosion, tribo-corrosion, stress corrosion etc.. The first 8 chapters (part 1) treat of the corrosion problems encountered in different industries and processes: oil and gas production, chemical industry, phosphoric acid industry, PWR-type power plants, corrosion of automobile vehicles, civil engineering and buildings, corrosion of biomaterials, non-destructive testing for the monitoring of corrosion. The other chapters (part 2) deal with anticorrosion and protective coatings and means: choice of materials, coatings and surface treatments, thick organic coatings and enamels, paints, corrosion inhibitors and cathodic protection. (J.S.)

  8. Organic/inorganic hybrid coatings for anticorrosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Zhouying

    Compared to organic coatings, organic-inorganic hybrid coatings can potentially improve the anticorrosion performance. The organic phase provides the excellent mechaincal and barrier properties while the inorganic phase acts as an adhesion promoter and corrosion inhibitor. Despite that many studies on alkoxylsilane-based hybrid coatings have been developed and studied, their weatherability and anticorrosion performance has been rarely evaluated. On the other hand, organic-inorganic hybrid coatings based on mixed sol-gel precursors have received much less attention compared to alkoxylsilane-based hybrid coatings. In the first part, polyurethane hybrid coatings with a unique hybrid crosslinked structure as an improved unicoat were successfully prepared. The effect of polyesters on physical properties of the hybrid coatings was studied. Polyurethane coatings derived from cycloaliphatic polyester show comparable properties than those derived from the commercially viable aromatic polyester. Introducing the polysiloxane part into the polyurethane coatings enhanced the crosslinking density, Tg, mechanical properties, and general coating properties. The increased adhesion between the hybrid coating and the substrate make the hybrid coating a good candidate for anticorrosion application, which is shown by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The degradation mechanism of the polyurethane/polysiloxane hybrid coatings under various weathering conditions was shown to be the scission of the urethane and ester groups in the organic phase along with reorganizing and rearranging of the inorganic phase. The anticorrosion performance of the cycloaliphatic hybrid was much better than that of aromatic based hybrid under outdoor weathering based on visual observation and EIS analysis. Acid undercutting is an issue for TEOS based hybrid coating. In the second part, design of experiments (DOEs) was used to statistically investigate on the effect of sol-gel precursors. The

  9. Test Production of Anti-Corrosive Paint in Laboratory Scale

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main purpose of this project is to produce the anti-corrosive paint in laboratory scale. In these experiments, local raw materials, natural resin (shellac), pine oil, turpentine and ethyl alcohol wer applied basically. Laboratory trials were undrtaken to determine the suitablity of raw materials ane their composition for anti-corrosive paint manufacture.The results obtained show that the anti-corrosive paint from experiment No.(30) is suitable for steel plate and this is also considered commercially economics

  10. Formulation of anticorrosive paints employing conducting polymers

    OpenAIRE

    Martí Barroso, Mireia

    2013-01-01

    The intention and purpose of the present thesis is to prepare a series of protective coatings using some conducting polymers (CPs) as corrosion inhibitors. The use of organic paints is the most common method for corrosion prevention. Anticorrosive coatings form a class of high-performance systems with a very wide range of applications and being classified in two broad groups: heavy-duty coatings, for high performance, and light-duty coatings, for medium performance. The first class being requ...

  11. Anti-corrosion measures and management of seawater system in Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper introduces the process flow of seawater system in Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant and current anti-corrosion measures. It also introduces the policy, programs and procedures which are established for anti-corrosion management system. At last, this paper sets forth several anti-corrosion difficulties. (authors)

  12. Fly ash based zeolitic pigments for application in anticorrosive paints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Ruchi; Tiwari, Sangeeta

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this work is to evaluate the utilization of waste fly ash in anticorrosive paints. Zeolite NaY was synthesized from waste fly ash and subsequently modified by exchanging its nominal cation Na+ with Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions. The metal ion exchanged zeolite was then used as anticorrosive zeolitic pigments in paints. The prepared zeolite NaY was characterized using X-Ray diffraction technique and Scanning electron microscopy. The size, shape and density of the prepared fly ash based pigments were determined by various techniques. The paints were prepared by using fly ash based zeolitic pigments in epoxy resin and the percentages of pigments used in paints were 2% and 5%. These paints were applied to the mild steel panels and the anticorrosive properties of the pigments were assessed by the electrochemical spectroscopy technique (EIS).

  13. Studies on anticorrosion layers on steels typical for power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anticorrosion protective oxide layers arise on ferrous materials in the coolant circuits of power stations from the effect of hot water or steam. The corrosion damage occurring in practice starts with anticorrosion layer failure. However, the extent of corrosion inhibition also determines transfer of metallic compounds into the corrosive medium. The corrosion products transported by the medium form deposits hence leading to a reduction of heat transfer efficiency, local corrosion effects and, in pressurized water reactor circuits, radioactive contamination. Power plant chemistry requires a more detailed clarification of the processes involved at the phase boundary material/operating medium. This work is intended to give a contribution to those problems. (author)

  14. Anticorrosion properties of polyaniline-coated pigments in organic coatings

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kalendová, A.; Sapurina, I.; Stejskal, Jaroslav; Veselý, D.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 50, č. 12 (2008), s. 3549-3560. ISSN 0010-938X R&D Projects: GA MŠk ME 847 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : anticorrosion pigment * polyaniline * coating Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry Impact factor: 2.293, year: 2008

  15. Actual problems of ultrasonic testing of surfacing anticorrosion coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reasons for a change of equivalent sizes of NPP equipmet surfacing anticorrosion coating discontinuities are investigated. Evaluation of the limiting level of the coating ultrasonic testing (UST) sensitivity is conducted. Results of complex experimental efforts using UST of the NPP surfacing components which agree with practice are presented

  16. Anticorrosion surface alloying of ferrous metal by carbide formers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is shown theoretically and experimentally that in cases of surface chromizing and titanizing of ferrous metal, proper carbon of the latter plays an important positive role, providing the formation of exclusively dense surface carbide layers with high and durable corrosion and mechanic stability. In the future surface alloying must become a more effective method of anticorrosion alloying

  17. Anticorrosion and halobios control for tidal power generating units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The anticorrosion and halobios control is the key techniquesrelated to the safety and durability of tidal power generating units. The technique of material application, antifouling coating and cathodic protection are often adopted. The technical research, application, updating and development are carried on Jiangxia Tidal Power Station, which is based on the old Unit 1-Unit 5 operated for nearly 30 years, and the new Unit 6 operated in 2007. It is found that stainless steeland the antifouling coating used in Unit 1- Unit 5 are very effective, but cathodic protection is often likely to fail because of the limitation of structure and installation. Analyses and studies for anticorrosion and halobios control techniques of tidal power generating units according to theory, experience and actual effects have been done, which can be for reference to the tidal power station designers and builders.

  18. Anticorrosion properties of polyaniline-coated pigments in organic coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four pigments of various morphology - specularite, α-Fe2O3; goethite, α-FeO(OH); talc, (Mg3(OH)2(Si4O10); and graphite, C - without and with polyaniline phosphate coating, were tested for the anticorrosion performance in coatings produced by epoxy binders on iron plates. The corrosion tests were carried out in a condenser chamber with continuous water condensation or humidity with sulfur dioxide, and in a salt mist cabinet. Polyaniline coating of pigments in all cases improved the anticorrosion properties. Graphite coated with polyaniline performed the best among eight systems under investigation. The role of graphite and polyaniline conductivity in the electron transfers associated with corrosion of iron has been proposed

  19. Cold laminar galvanizing: a new anti-corrosion concept

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cold laminar galvanizing, a recent anticorrosion technology, now combines the most positive characteristics of the hot galvanizing protective systems. This patented technology has a zinc laminated foil (obtained by processing 99.9% pure zinc ingots) that is homogeneous and isotropic, with a standard thickness of 80-100μm. This foil is backed with an electro-conductive, selfadhesive glue prepared under an original formula. The zinc laminated foil offers excellent anchorage and elevated resistance to the main atmospheric agents

  20. Smart Mesoporous Silica Nanocapsules as Environmentally Friendly Anticorrosive Pigments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Zea

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays there is a special interest to study and develop new smart anticorrosive pigments in order to increase the protection life time of organic coatings and, simultaneously, to find alternatives to conventional toxic and carcinogenic hexavalent chromium compounds. In this respect, the great development of nanotechnologies in recent years has opened up a range of possibilities in the field of anticorrosive paints through the integration of encapsulated nanoscale containers loaded with active components into coatings. By means of a suitable design of the capsule, the release of the encapsulated corrosion inhibitor can be triggered by different external or internal factors (pH change, mechanical damage, etc. thus preventing spontaneous leakage of the active component and achieving more efficient and economical use of the inhibitor, which is only released upon demand in the affected area. In the present work, the improved anticorrosive behaviour achieved by encapsulated mesoporous silica nanocontainers filled with an environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitor has been evaluated. It has been proven that a change in the pH allows the rupture of the capsules, the release of the inhibitor, and the successful protection of the carbon steel substrate.

  1. Ceramic nanotubes for polymer composites with stable anticorrosion properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakhrullin, R. F.; Tursunbayeva, A.; Portnov, V. S.; L'vov, Yu. M.

    2014-12-01

    The use of natural halloysite clay tubes 50 nm in diameter as nanocontainers for loading, storing, and slowly releasing organic corrosion inhibitors is described. Loaded nanotubes can be mixed well with many polymers and dyes in amounts of 5-10 wt % to form a ceramic framework (which increases the strength of halloysite composites by 30-50%), increase the adhesion of these coatings to metals, and allow for the slow release of corrosion inhibitors in defects of coatings. A significant improvement of protective anticorrosion properties of polyacryl and polyurethane coatings containing ceramic nanotubes loaded with benzotriazole and hydroxyquinoline is demonstrated.

  2. Estimation of tribological anticorrosion properties of impregnated nitriding layers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper is described aim, experimental and test result of tribological anticorrosion properties of thin nitriding layer (12.5 μm) obtained on 45 steel grade in controlled gas-nitriding process (570oC, 4 h) impregnated with oil-based formulations, containing corrosion inhibitor BS-43, modified with tribological additives based on ashen organometallic compounds as well as ash-free organic compounds. It was stated, that tribological additives does not influence, in fact, on behaviour of corrosion resistance of nitriding layers impregnated with oil-base formulations mainly connected with inhibitor BS-43. Synergy of tribological additive and corrosion inhibitor is however more visible in modelling of wear resistance of nitriding layer. The influence nature of tribological additives in combination with corrosion inhibitor BS-43 is dependent on their kind and as result improves or worsens the wear resistance by friction. Hence in choice of impregnated formulation, which is enable to accomplish of tribological anticorrosion requirements, determined, above all, tribological additive. (author)

  3. Improving anti-corrosion property of thermal barrier coatings by intense pulsed ion beam irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yan, S., E-mail: syan@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Institute of Heavy Ion Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Shang, Y.J., E-mail: shangyijun@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Institute of Heavy Ion Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Xu, X.F., E-mail: reandy123@126.com [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Institute of Heavy Ion Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Yi, X., E-mail: xyle@buaa.edu.com [Department of Applied Physics, School of Science, Beihang University, Beijing 100083 (China); Le, X.Y., E-mail: xyle@buaa.edu.cn [Department of Applied Physics, School of Science, Beihang University, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2012-02-01

    Anticorrosion behavior is an important factor for the reliability and durability of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs). Intense pulsed ion beam (ion species: 70% H{sup +} + 30% C{sup +}; current density: 150 A/cm{sup 2} and 250 A/cm{sup 2}; accelerate voltage: 300 kV; pulse duration: 65 ns) irradiation were used to improve the anticorrosion behavior of the Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-stabilized ZrO{sub 2} (YSZ) /NiCoCrAlY thermal barrier coating. The anticorrosion property of the TBCs was evaluated with polarization curves method. A quite good result was obtained. Further analysis show that IPIB irradiation can seal the pores in YSZ layer, and block the penetration channels of corrosive fluid, therefore, improves the anticorrosion behavior.

  4. Improving anti-corrosion property of thermal barrier coatings by intense pulsed ion beam irradiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, S.; Shang, Y. J.; Xu, X. F.; Yi, X.; Le, X. Y.

    2012-02-01

    Anticorrosion behavior is an important factor for the reliability and durability of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs). Intense pulsed ion beam (ion species: 70% H + + 30% C +; current density: 150 A/cm 2 and 250 A/cm 2; accelerate voltage: 300 kV; pulse duration: 65 ns) irradiation were used to improve the anticorrosion behavior of the Y 2O 3-stabilized ZrO 2 (YSZ) /NiCoCrAlY thermal barrier coating. The anticorrosion property of the TBCs was evaluated with polarization curves method. A quite good result was obtained. Further analysis show that IPIB irradiation can seal the pores in YSZ layer, and block the penetration channels of corrosive fluid, therefore, improves the anticorrosion behavior.

  5. Improving anti-corrosion property of thermal barrier coatings by intense pulsed ion beam irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anticorrosion behavior is an important factor for the reliability and durability of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs). Intense pulsed ion beam (ion species: 70% H+ + 30% C+; current density: 150 A/cm2 and 250 A/cm2; accelerate voltage: 300 kV; pulse duration: 65 ns) irradiation were used to improve the anticorrosion behavior of the Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) /NiCoCrAlY thermal barrier coating. The anticorrosion property of the TBCs was evaluated with polarization curves method. A quite good result was obtained. Further analysis show that IPIB irradiation can seal the pores in YSZ layer, and block the penetration channels of corrosive fluid, therefore, improves the anticorrosion behavior.

  6. Choice of methods and determination of fracture toughness for anticorrosion cladding metal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technique for fracture toughness determination within wide temperature range is chosen. Experiment results on austenitic anticorrosion cladding metal cracking resistance are given in comparison with temperature dependence low envelope of 15Ch2MFA steel fracture toughness. From the data obtained it follows, that crack propagation direction along cladding metal does not affect KIJ fracture toughness value. It is shown, that fracture toughness values of anticorrosion layer material are higher, than those of low-alloy steel for cladding

  7. Actual problems of ultrasonic control of welded anticorrosion coatings (ch. 1)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of investigations into heat treatment effect on the size of discontinuities revealed under ultrasonic control (USC) of welded anticorrosion coatings are presented. Comparison of dimensions of equivalent area of allowable and non-allowable reflector-discantinuities (defectiveness standards) in the alloying zone of melted anticorrosion coatings and bimetal sheet, applied in NPP equipment, is given. It is shown that USC on the side of basic metal monifest almost by an order more defects than USC on the side of melting surface

  8. Fatigue crack propagation in the samples with anticorrosion bulding up

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peculiarities of fatigue crack nucleation and propagation in the samples with anticorrosion building up from the concentrator placed in the melting zone are studied. A plate of experimental lot of 15Kh2NMFA steel δ=100 mm in thick has been used for sample production. The moment of nucleation is shown to depend on the level of loading and the coefficient of cycle asymmetry, if the stress concentrator is presented in the melting zone and there is a possibility for simultaneous ocurrence of the crack both in a base metal and in build-up metal. The character of crack development with different levels of loading and the coefficient of cycle asymmetry both in the base metal and in build-up one is similar. Approaching the sample surface the crack propagation rate is sharply increased

  9. 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole monolayers on zinc and silver surfaces for anticorrosion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anticorrosive behaviors of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on silver and zinc electrodes were comparatively studied by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The promising inhibition effect of the MBT for silver and zinc from corrosion had been confirmed. The adsorption geometries of MBT monolayers on zinc and silver electrodes were observed by surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technique. The SERS spectra implied that monolayers of MBT could be self-assembled on Ag surface through S10 and N3 atoms and the molecular plane should be tilted with respect to the surface. On Zn surface, MBT molecules formed monolayers via both S atoms and the other moieties of the molecule away from the surface. From the in situ electrochemical SERS results it can be found that MBT monolayers on both Ag and Zn surfaces experienced the changes of adsorption fashions as the potential shifting to more negative direction

  10. Pulsed laser deposited praseodymium zinc molybdate coating for anticorrosion applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The praseodymium zinc molybdate nanopigment prepared by sol-gel was coated over SS steel 301 at 200℃ by Pulsed laser deposition for anticorrosion application. The prepared compound is a better alternative to lead, cadmium and chromium pigments, in which Cr6+ is carcinogenic, responsible for human diseases. The combination of a four-beam PLD evaporator with a suitable movement of the substrates results in a high-rate film growth on large surfaces. The nano pigment coated surface was investigated using X-ray diffraction analysis shows the combined phases of praseodymium zinc molybdate nano particles along with molybdate and praseodymium oxide, confirmed. Scanning electron microscopy shows the uniform coating without cracks and porosity on the surface. (author)

  11. Complex anticorrosion coating for ZK30 magnesium alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work aims at developing a new complex anticorrosion protection system for ZK30 magnesium alloy. This protective coating is based on an anodic oxide layer loaded with corrosion inhibitors in its pores, which is then sealed with a sol-gel hybrid polymer. The porous oxide layer is produced by spark anodizing. The sol-gel film shows good adhesion to the oxide layer as it penetrates through the pores of the anodized layer forming an additional transient oxide-sol-gel interlayer. The thickness of this complex protective coating is about 3.7-7.0 μm. A blank oxide-sol-gel coating system or one doped with Ce3+ ions proved to be effective corrosion protection for the magnesium alloy preventing corrosion attack after exposure for a relatively long duration in an aggressive NaCl solution. The structure and the thickness of the anodized layer and the sol-gel film were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The corrosion behaviour of the ZK30 substrates pre-treated with the complex coating was tested by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET), and scanning ion-selective electrode techniques (SIET).

  12. Special methods of anti-corrosion treatment in heat exchangers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An anti-corrosion treatment must be adapted to the design of the heat exchanger and the conditions under which it is used. It is often the case, therefore, that highly specialized solutions are found. For the tubular heat exchanger, an organic coating has frequently proved suitable. The results obtained are determined by the construction, the surface characteristics of the components and paying attention to the risk of blister formation. With water-cooled condensers, cleaning of the tubes while the equipment is running has proved successful. It alleviates the corrosion problem and assists the action of the inhibitors. Equipment made from materials such as titanium and austenitic CrNi steels, which are capable of being passivated, can frequently be retained in a passive state by adding air to the corrosive medium. In such cases, the excessive corrosion would normally necessitate the use of an expensive material. Where damage is caused by gaps and dead spaces it is not always possible to find a constructional remedy. A well-devised construction can subsequently be decisively influenced by manufacturing techniques relating to the structure, the state of internal stress or the surface condition. (orig./GSCH)

  13. Applying of non-toxic oxide alloys and hybrid polianiline compounds as anticorrosive pigments in organic epoxy coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szymański, W.; Halama, A.; Madaliński, J.

    2016-02-01

    The objective of this work was to study inorganic oxide pigments as well as polyaniline heptamolybdes anticorrosive efficiency in epoxy coating. Antycorrosion resistance of modified coatings was examined by accelerated corrosion test in comparison to coatings of the suitable commercial epoxy paint. The carried out investigations shoved much bigrs anticorrosion performance of coatings modified with elaborated, new pigments.

  14. Development of Exterior Anti-corrosion Coating Production Line for Large Diameter Hot Bent Pipes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JiaoRuyi; ZhangYing

    2004-01-01

    The epoxy powder exterior anti-corrosion coating production line for bent pipes with a single (double) course production is a technologically advanced bent pipe anti-corrosion method with cost efficiency, environment friendliness and stable coating quality. The quality of the coating on the bent pipe fully meets the requirements of the current national and industrial standards. The application of the technology has filled the gap in the bent pipe anti-corrosion coating area of China, and leads the world technologically. With this technology the coating quality of the bent pipe has greatly improved, resulting in significant social and economic benefits. With the use of the technology in various large scale pipeline projects such as the “West to East Gas Pipeline Project”, it will exhibite a greater potential in the future pipeline projects with a broad application prospect.

  15. Evaluation of anti-corrosive protection stability in dual temperature separation installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reduction of corrosive effects in the installations for heavy water production by the dual temperature procedure is obtained by deposing an adherent passivation layer of thermo-chemically stable against H2O-H2S medium iron sulfides on the inner surface of the equipment. The procedure is the result of 15 years of research, experimentation and testing in the frame of the pilot of heavy water production at INC-DTCI-ICIS Rm.Valcea. The following main objectives were realized in this field: - anti-corrosive protection against the hydrogen sulfide action; - conservation of anti-corrosive protections; - regeneration of anti-corrosive protection; - evaluation of the influence of working conditions upon the passivation layer stability. The results have been certified, patented and applied in the frame of the industrial units for heavy water production at ROMAG SA, Romania

  16. Anticorrosion characteristics of a Zn-primer coating in a ballast tank under various chloride concentrations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At an open-circuit potential, the anodic polarization curves had very similar values, and no significant differences were observed among the conditions. In the cathodic polarization curves, total residual chloride (TRC) reacted with the Zn-primer coating and created a film that had anticorrosion properties. Therefore, the anticorrosion property improved. With an increase in applied potential in the potentiostatic experiment, the observed surface corrosion occurred due to the dissolution reaction. From Tafel analysis, the corrosion current density had the highest value in natural seawater and the lowest value in the 2 ppm solution. Generally, metals corrode faster with increasing TRC concentration, but with the formation of Zn(OH)2, which has anticorrosion properties, the corrosion resistance of a Zn-primer-coated specimen in seawater can be improved.

  17. Cyclic corrosion crack resistance of anticorrosion cladding - vessel steel welded joint

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cyclic corrosion crack resistance of welded joint (vessel steel 15Kh2MFA - anticorrosion cladding of steel Sv - 07Kh25N13 - anticorrosion cladding of steel Sv - 04Kh20N10G2B) in reactor water of boric regulation at 80 deg C is investigated. The diagram of welded joint fatigue fracture is plotted. It is ascertained that Sv - 04Kh20N10G2B austenitic cladding has the lowest cyclic crack resistance. It is pointed out that in the crack the vertex of which is located in steel 15Kh2MFA conditions for hydrogen formation, which is able to cause embrittlement, are created

  18. Experience in application of front waves to detect cracks in anticorrosion coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ultrasonic testing method with head waves and specialized converters for detecting cracks in anticorrosion overlayers and in their fusion zone with base metal of inner surface of WWER reactor vessel nozzles of 850 mm in diameter are described. The method includes excitation of longitudinal waves propagating along the contact surface. Head ultrasonic waves are reflected from cracks located perpendicular to wave propagation direction and are recorded with a receiver. Comparative tests of testing techniques and head wave converters, experience of their application have shown high sensitivity and efficiency of this method when detecting cracks in anticorrosion overlayers

  19. Graphene as an anti-corrosion coating layer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyhl, Line; Nielsen, Sune Fuglsang; Čabo, Antonija Grubišić; Cassidy, Andrew; Miwa, Jill A; Hornekær, Liv

    2015-01-01

    Graphene, a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in an aromatic hexagonal lattice, has recently drawn attention as a potential coating material due to its impermeability, thermodynamic stability, transparency and flexibility. Here, the effectiveness of a model system, a graphene covered Pt(100) surface, for studying the anti-corrosion properties of graphene, has been evaluated. Chemical vapour deposition techniques were used to cover the single crystal surface with a complete layer of high-quality graphene and the surface was characterised after exposure to corrosive environments with scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and Raman spectroscopy. Graphene covered Pt samples were exposed to: (i) ambient atmosphere for 6 months at room temperature and 60 °C for 75 min, (ii) Milli-Q water for 14 hours at room temperature and 60 °C for 75 min, and (iii) saltwater (0.513 M NaCl) for 75 min at room temperature and 60 °C. STM provides atomic resolution images, which show that the graphene layer and the underlying surface reconstruction on the Pt(100) surface remain intact over the majority of the surface under all conditions, except exposure to saltwater when the sample is kept at 60 °C. Raman spectroscopy shows a broadening of all graphene related peaks due to hybridisation between the surface Pt d-orbitals and the graphene π-bands. This hybridisation also survives exposure to all environments except saltwater on the hot surface, with the latter leading to peaks more representative of a quasi free-standing graphene layer. A mechanism explaining the corrosive effect of hot saltwater is suggested. Based on these experiments, graphene is proposed to offer protection against corrosion in all tested environments, except saltwater on a hot surface, and Raman spectroscopy is proposed as a useful method for indirectly assessing the chemical state of the Pt surface. PMID:25915827

  20. A new smart additive of reinforced concrete based on modified hydrotalcites: Preparation, characterization and anticorrosion applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Z.; Fischer, H.; Polder, R.

    2012-01-01

    A carbonate form of Mg-Al-hydrotalcite and its p-aminobenzoate (pAB) modified derivative (i.e.,Mg(2)Al-pAB) were synthesized and characterized by means of XRD and FT-IR. The anticorrosion behavior was evaluated based on open circuit potential (OCP) of carbon steel in simulated concrete pore solution

  1. ANTI-CORROSION PROPERTIES OF CARBOXYLIC ACID IN WATER-GLYCOL SOLUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BASHKIRCEVA N.Y.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Sodium salts of carboxylic acids were investigated to evaluate the corrosion properties of the water-glycol solutions. Corrosion tests were performed by methods of gravimetry and galvanostatic dissolution with metals used in cooling systems. The compositions of anticorrosion systems and their concentration that provide the most effective inhibition of metals were determined.

  2. Anticorrosion properties of tin oxide coatings for carbonaceous bipolar plates of proton exchange membrane fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinumoto, Taro; Nagano, Keita; Yamamoto, Yuji; Tsumura, Tomoki; Toyoda, Masahiro

    2014-03-01

    An anticorrosive surface treatment of a carbonaceous bipolar plate used in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) was demonstrated by addition of a tin oxide surface coating by liquid phase deposition (LPD), and its effectiveness toward corrosion prevention was determined. The tin oxide coating was deposited by immersion in tin fluoride and boric acid solutions, without any observable decrease in the bipolar plate electrical conductivity. Anticorrosion properties of a flat carbonaceous bipolar plate were investigated in an aqueous HClO4 electrolyte solution (10 μmol dm-3) at 80 °C. CO2 release due to corrosion was significant for the bare specimen above 1.3 V, whereas no CO2 release was noted for the tin-oxide-coated specimen, even approaching 1.5 V. Moreover, minimal changes in contact angle against a water droplet before and after treatment indicated suppressed corrosion of the surface-coated specimen. Anticorrosion properties were also confirmed for a model bipolar plate having four gas flow channels. The tin oxide layer remained on the channel surfaces (inner walls, corners and intersections) after durability tests. Based on these results, tin-oxide-based surface coatings fabricated by LPD show promise as an anticorrosion technique for carbonaceous bipolar plates for PEMFCs.

  3. Quality and cost control of anti-corrosion management in nuclear electrical power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to the characteristics of nuclear electrical realm , this article summarizes the factors affecting the quality and cost of the anti-corrosion management in nuclear electrical power plant, various methods are provided to control these factors from multiple angles. (authors)

  4. Influence on the anticorrosive properties of the use of erbium (III) trifluoromethanesulfonate as initiator in an epoxy powder clearcoat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, S.J. [Centro de Biomateriales, Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)]. E-mail: sangares@upvnet.upv.es; Suay, J. [Centro de Biomateriales, Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

    2007-08-15

    New low curing temperature epoxy powder coatings cured cationically by the use of erbium (III) trifluoromethanesulfonate as initiator have been formulated. Their curing kinetics and anticorrosive properties have been studied and compared with a system commonly used in industry (o-tolylbiguanide/epoxy resin). Three different tests of anticorrosive properties (EIS, AC/DC/AC, and salt fog spray) have been used together with an adherence test, in order to establish the optimal system. Results show that a system employing 1 phr of erbium triflate presents good anticorrosive properties. The technique AC/DC/AC has shown its ability to evaluate properly, much faster, and in accordance to anticorrosive properties results' of powder coatings obtained by other techniques.

  5. Experimental Study on the Electrochemical Anti-Corrosion Properties of Steel Structures Applying the Arc Thermal Metal Spraying Method

    OpenAIRE

    Hong-Bok Choe; Han-Seung Lee; Jun-Ho Shin

    2014-01-01

    The arc thermal metal spraying method (ATMSM) provides proven long-term protective coating systems using zinc, aluminum and their alloys for steel work in a marine environment. This paper focuses on studying experimentally the anti-corrosion criteria of ATMSM on steel specimens. The effects of the types of spraying metal and the presence or absence of sealing treatment from the thermal spraying of film on the anti-corrosion performance of TMSM were quantitatively evaluated by electrochemical ...

  6. Crash-Induced Vibration and Safety Assessment of Breakaway-Type Post Structures Made of High Anticorrosion Steels

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Sang-Youl

    2016-01-01

    This study deals with car crash effects and passenger safety assessment of post structures with breakaway types using high performance steel materials. To disperse the impact force when a car crashes into a post, the post could be designed with a breakaway feature. In this study, we used a new high anticorrosion steel for the development of advanced breakaways. Based on the improved Cowper-Symonds model, specific physical properties to the high anticorrosion steel were determined. In particul...

  7. Anticorrosive coatings for storage tanks; Revestimentos anticorrosivos para tanques de armazenamento de petroquimicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Jeferson de [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao em Engenharia (COPPE/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Lab. de Ensaios Nao Destrutivos, Corrosao e Soldagem; Silva, Cosmelina G. da; Mattos, Oscar R. [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao em Engenharia (COPPE/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Metalurgica e de Materiais; Margarit-Mattos, Isabel C.P. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Escola de Quimica. Dept. de Processos Inorganicos; Solymossy, Victor; Quintela, Joaquim P. [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas (CENPES)

    2008-07-01

    The anticorrosive performance of commercial coatings that can be employed inside petrochemical storing reservoirs was evaluated. The aim is to select products able to extend the time between maintenance. Some of the products tested are composites and formulas with novolac resins. The tests were: cathodic delamination and total immersion in distilled water at 40 deg C, formation water at 80 deg C, NaOH 20%, H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} 20%, MIBK, ethanol and naphtha. The performance evaluation took into account the presence of corrosion, blistering, adhesion loss and electrochemical properties. Based on the results, considerations are made about the adequacy of tests and procedures for the new generations of organic anticorrosive coatings. (author)

  8. Low-Temperature in Situ Growth of Graphene on Metallic Substrates and Its Application in Anticorrosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Minmin; Du, Zehui; Yin, Zongyou; Zhou, Wenwen; Liu, Zhengdong; Tsang, Siu Hon; Teo, Edwin Hang Tong

    2016-01-13

    Metal or alloy corrosion brings about huge economic cost annually, which is becoming one area of growing concern in various industries, being in bulk state or nanoscale range. Here, single layer or few layers of graphene are deposited on various metallic substrates directly at a low temperature down to 400 °C. These substrates can be varied from hundreds-micrometer bulk metallic or alloy foils to tens of nanometer nanofibers (NFs). Corrosion analysis reveals that both graphene-grown steel sheets and NFs have reduced the corrosion rate of up to ten times lower than that of their bare corresponding counterparts. Moreover, such low-temperature in situ growth of graphene demonstrates stable and long-lasting anticorrosion after long-term immersion. This new class of graphene coated nanomaterials shows high potentials in anticorrosion applications for submarines, oil tankers/pipelines, and ruggedized electronics. PMID:26683895

  9. [The effect of pH on anti-corrosion nature of amalgams].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, W; Wang, G; Li, W

    1997-09-01

    Corrosion behavior of alloys are affected not only by themselves but also by environment, such as a change of pH. In this study, the corrosion behavior of four dental amalgams (L, C, DA, GK) in Fusayama saliva with different pH 6.65 and 4.00 are evaluated by electrochemical techniques. It seems that changes in pH may exert different effects on the four amalgams. In the acid environment DA exhibits best anti-corrosion nature and followed by GK, C, and L, which conforms to clinical observations. This may be resulted either from amalgams themselves or from conditions of corrosion products of amalgams' surface. Thus, consideration must be given to the changing oral environment when screening anti-corrosion alloys. PMID:11189292

  10. A study on anticorrosion effect in high-performance concrete by the pozzolanic reaction of slag

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study examines the pozzolanic reaction brought by the addition of slag to the cement paste using the synchrotron radiation accelerator (SRA), the mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP), and scanning electron microstructural analysis. The anticorrosion effect in high-performance concrete with and without slag added is also assessed by its electrical resistivity and permeability. Results show that pozzolanic reaction due to the addition of slag can decrease the amount of calcium hydroxide, reduce the volume of capillary pores (Pc), and lower its permeability, thus making the concrete more compact and durable. As evidenced by the enhanced electrical resistivity and reduced permeability, the addition of slag to high-performance concrete can indeed strength the anticorrosion effect

  11. Study on the anticorrosion, biocompatibility, and osteoinductivity of tantalum decorated with tantalum oxide nanotube array films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Na; Li, Hongyi; Wang, Jinshu; Chen, Su; Ma, Yuanping; Zhang, Zhenting

    2012-09-26

    With its excellent anticorrosion and biocompatibility, tantalum, as a promising endosseous implant or implant coating, is attracting more and more attention. For improving physicochemical property and biocompatibility, the research of tantalum surface modification has increased. Tantalum oxide (Ta(2)O(5)) nanotube films can be produced on tantalum by controlling the conditions of anodization and annealing. The objective of our present study was to investigate the influence of Ta(2)O(5) nanotube films on pure tantalum properties related with anticorrosion, protein adsorption, and biological function of rabbit bone mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs). The polarization curve was measured, the adsorption of bovine serum albumin and fibronectin to Ta(2)O(5) nanotubes was detected, and the morphology and actin cytoskeletons of the rBMSCs were observed via fluorescence microscopy, and the adhesion and proliferation of the rBMSCs, as well as the osteogenic differentiation potential on tantalum specimens, were examined quantificationally by MTT and real-time PCR technology. The results showed that Ta(2)O(5) nanotube films have high anticorrosion capability and can increase the protein adsorption to tantalum and promote the adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of rBMSCs, as well as the mRNA expression of osteogenic gene such as Osterix, ALP, Collagen-I, and Osteocalcin on tantalum. This study suggests that Ta(2)O(5) nanotube films can improve the anticorrosion, biocompatibility, and osteoinduction of pure tantalum, which provides the theoretical elaboration for development of tantalum endosseous implant or implant coating to a certain extent. PMID:22894817

  12. Fabrication and Assessment of Crumb-Rubber-Modified Coatings with Anticorrosive Properties

    OpenAIRE

    Nasser Al-Aqeeli

    2015-01-01

    Scrap tires continue to be a major source of waste due to the lack of valuable and effective disposal routes. A viable solution to this problem is to recycle crumb rubber (CR)—a granulated material derived from scrap tires—and use it to develop other valuable products. Herein we report the fabrication and characterization of CR-modified coatings with anticorrosive properties on metal substrates. By varying the particle size and concentration of CR, we have determined the coating composition ...

  13. Substantial enhancement in the anticorrosivity of AA6061 by Doxycycline hydrochloride drug

    OpenAIRE

    Mudigere Krishnegowda Pavithra; Thimmappa Venkatarangaiah Venkatesha; Mudigere Krishnegowda Punith Kumar; Nanjanagudu Subba Rao Anantha

    2015-01-01

    The significant anticorrosive property of the antibiotic drug doxycycline hydrochloride (DCH) was investigated by electrochemical techniques such as potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance and chronoamperometric techniques. DCH inhibited the pitting corrosion of aluminium alloy 6061 (AA6061) in 3.5% NaCl media with 90% efficiency. The adsorption of DCH on AA6061 conform Langmuir isotherm by means of physisorption.  Quantum chemical calculations were evaluated to ascertain the ...

  14. Substantial enhancement in the anticorrosivity of aluminium alloy 6061 by doxycycline hydrochloride drug

    OpenAIRE

    Pavithra, Mudigere Krishnegowda; Venkatesha, Thimmappa Venkatarangaiah; Kumar, Mudigere Krishnegowda Punith; Anantha, Nanjanagudu Subba Rao

    2015-01-01

    The significant anticorrosive property of the antibiotic drug doxycycline hydrochloride (DCH) was investigated by electrochemical techniques such as potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance and chronoamperometric techniques. DCH inhibited the pitting corrosion of aluminium alloy 6061 (AA6061) in 3.5% NaCl media with 90% efficiency. The adsorption of DCH on AA6061 conform Langmuir isotherm by means of physisorption. Quantum chemical calculations were evaluated to ascertain the ...

  15. Study of Polyaniline/Vermiculie/Tert-fluoro Emulsion Composites Anticorrosion Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    1 Results Polyaniline (PANI) is one of the most promising materials for commercial applications.It can be applied to electronic devices and products such as light-emitting diodes,organic FETs,EMI shielding,secondary batteries,etc.Composites of polyaniline with other polymers or inorganic materials can provide new synergistic properties that cannot be attained from individual materials.Vermiculite (VMT) is a chain-layer magnesium-aluminum silicate mineral.We prepared composite anticorrosion coatings of p...

  16. Brittle fracture resistance of anti-corrosive cladding on pressure vessel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports the estimation of brittle fracture resistance of austenitic-ferritic anticorrosive cladding metal, produced by submerged arc welding with the use of strip electrodes. The dependence of impact toughness and temperature both in as produced condition and after the exposure to a neutron fluence together with the temperature dependence of cladding metal static crack resistance were determined. The transition from ductile to brittle condition for cladding metal was found to be typical for a ferritic-perlitic steel

  17. Superamphiphobic and Electroactive Nanocomposite toward Self-Cleaning, Antiwear, and Anticorrosion Coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Ruixia; Wu, Shiqi; Yu, Peng; Wang, Baohui; Mu, Liwen; Zhang, Xiguang; Zhu, Yixing; Wang, Bing; Wang, Huaiyuan; Zhu, Jiahua

    2016-05-18

    Multifunctional coatings are in urgent demand in emerging fields. In this work, nanocomposite coatings with extraordinary self-cleaning, antiwear, and anticorrosion properties were prepared on aluminum substrate by a facile spraying technique. Core-shell structured polyaniline/functionalized carbon nanotubes (PANI/fCNTs) composite and nanosized silica were synergistically integrated into ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) matrix to construct lotus-leaf-like structures, and 1H,1H,2H,2H- perfluorooctyltriethoxysilane (POTS) was used to decrease the surface energy. The composite coating with 6 wt % PANI/fCNTs possesses superamphiphobic property, with contact angles of 167°, 163°, and 159° toward water, glycerol, and ethylene glycol, respectively. This coating demonstrates stable nonwetting performance over a wide temperature range (cleaning ability to prevent contamination by sludge, concentrated H2SO4, and ethylene glycol. Superamphiphobic surface property could be maintained even after 45 000 times abrasion or bending test for 30 times. The coating displayed strong adhesive ability (grade 1 according to the GB/T9286) on the etched aluminum plate. The superamphiphobic surface could be retained after immersion in 1 mol/L HCl and 3.5 wt % NaCl solutions for 60 and 90 d, respectively. It should be noted that this coating reveals significantly improved anticorrosion performance as compared to the bare ETFE coating and ETFE composite coating without PANI/fCNTs. Such coatings with integrated functionalities offer promising self-cleaning and anticorrosion applications under erosive/abrasive environment. PMID:27136103

  18. Research on the Anticorrosion Coating Under the Paved Layer for Highway Steel Box Bridge Deck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Cheng-jin; MING Tu-zhang; HU Guang-wei; OU Xue-mei; GEN Ou

    2006-01-01

    The corrosion of the anticorrosion coating and the defects of the asphalt concrete paved layer have been investigated on long-span steel box bridge decks. The anticorrosion coating lies in the middle of two entirely different materials: a highway steel box bridge deck and a paved layer, which is used as anticorrosion and waterproof coating for the steel bridge deck. For our study, electrochemical corrosion and pull strength experiments have been selected for the investigation of the corrosion properties of inorganic zinc rich coating, epoxy zinc rich coating and arc sprayed zinc coating. The adhesive strength between the coatings and the panel, and the effect of the coating corrosion on the shear properties of the paved layers including cast asphalt, thermal asphalt mortar, epoxy asphalt and modified asphalt concrete have been investigated. The results show that the adhesive strength between the coatings and the bridge panel is controlled by the method of pre-processing rust removal. Coating by sandblasting has stronger adhesive strength than coating by shot peening. The results also reveal that shear strength of the paved layer is affected by the corrosion product of zinc coating. The arc sprayed zinc coating has stronger shear strength than zinc rich coatings.

  19. Fabrication of superhydrophobic textured steel surface for anti-corrosion and tribological properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hongmei; Yang, Jin; Chen, Beibei; Liu, Can; Zhang, Mingsuo; Li, Changsheng

    2015-12-01

    We describe a simple and rapid method to fabricate superhydrophobic textured steel surface with excellent anti-corrosion and tribological properties on S45C steel substrate. The steel substrate was firstly ground using SiC sandpapers, and then polished using diamond paste to remove scratches. The polished steel was subsequently etched in a mixture of HF and H2O2 solution for 30 s at room temperature to obtain the textured steel surface with island-like protrusions, micro-pits, and nano-flakes. Meanwhile, to investigate the formation mechanism of the multiscale structures, the polished steel was immersed in a 3 wt% Nital solution for 5 s to observe the metallographic structures. The multiscale structures, along with low-surface-energy molecules, led to the steel surface that displayed superhydrophobicity with the contact angle of 158 ± 2° and the sliding angle of 3 ± 1°. The chemical stability and potentiodynamic polarization test indicated that the as-prepared superhydrophobic surface had excellent corrosion resistance that can provide effective protection for the steel substrate. The tribological test showed that the friction coefficient of the superhydrophobic surface maintained 0.11 within 6000 s and its superhydrophobicity had no obvious decrease after the abrasion test. The theoretical mechanism for the excellent anti-corrosion and tribological properties on the superhydrophobic surface were also analyzed respectively. The advantages of facile production, anti-corrosion, and tribological properties for the superhydrophobic steel surface make it to be a good candidate in practical applications.

  20. Fabrication of super slippery sheet-layered and porous anodic aluminium oxide surfaces and its anticorrosion property

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Tingting; Liu, Qi; Liu, Jingyuan; Yang, Wanlu; Chen, Rongrong; Jing, Xiaoyan; Takahashi, Kazunobu; Wang, Jun

    2015-11-01

    Inspired by natural plants such as Nepenthes pitcher plants, super slippery surfaces have been developed to improve the attributes of repellent surfaces. In this report, super slippery porous anodic aluminium oxide (AAO) surfaces have fabricated by a simple and reproducible method. Firstly, the aluminium substrates were treated by an anodic process producing micro-nano structured sheet-layered pores, and then immersed in Methyl Silicone Oil, Fluororalkylsilane (FAS) and DuPont Krytox, respectively, generating super slippery surfaces. Such a good material with excellent anti-corrosion property through a simple and repeatable method may be potential candidates for metallic application in anti-corrosion and extreme environment.

  1. Growth of graphene on cylindrical copper conductors as an anticorrosion coating: a microscopic study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datta, A. J.; Gupta, B.; Shafiei, M.; Taylor, R.; Motta, N.

    2016-07-01

    We have successfully grown graphene film on the surface of cylindrical copper conductors by chemical vapour deposition. The quality and number of graphene layers have been investigated using Raman spectroscopy, Raman mapping and scanning electron microscopy, as a function of methane gas flow rate and of growth temperature. Transmission electron microscopy analysis has been performed to verify the number of graphene layers, confirming the results obtained by Raman spectroscopy. The results open up the possibility of using graphene as an anticorrosion coating for copper cables and earth grids.

  2. Effect of Nano Al Pigment on the Anticorrosive Performance of Waterborne Epoxy Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the results regarding the effect of nano aluminum powder pigment concentration on the protective properties of waterborne epoxy films in 3.5 wt pct NaCl solution. The anticorrosive performance of the coatings with 0.5, 1, and 3 wt pct pigments and none pigment were investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy techniques.The results show that adding appropriate amount of nano-aluminium powder pigment can enhance the barrier properties of the epoxy coating, which is attributed to the surface effect of nanoparticles and the compatibility of the pigment with the waterborne epoxy coatings.

  3. Detecting Weld Zone Over Anticorrosion Painting by Rotating Uniform Eddy Current Probe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors have studied application of rotating uniform eddy current probe to detecting weld zone in steed material over anticorrosion painting. The probe detects not only weld position by the signal level but also weld direction by the signal phase. The experimental results have indicated that the probe provides a signal almost linear to its position with respect to weld zone center over the full width of weld. The signal of the probe is much less influenced by the painting thickness variation than that of the conventional differential pancake-coils probe

  4. A study of the anti-corrosive coating for radioactive waste water storage tanks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes briefly the testing results and method of a kind of anti-corrosive coating, which consisted of bitumen and other chemicals. The coating was tested in several kinds of simulated waste water under γ-irradiation. Some coupons of the coating were γ-irradiated in the air also. The tested coating has been applied to the Low-level radioactive waste water storage tanks, which are made of carbon steel, for more than 15 years. Those storage tanks are being used well now

  5. An intelligent anticorrosion coating based on pH-responsive supramolecular nanocontainers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs), which have been used as the nanocontainers for the corrosion inhibitor, benzotriazole, were fabricated using the hard-template method. Alkaline-responsive HMSNs based on cucurbit[6]uril (CB[6])/bisammonium supramolecular complex and acid-responsive HMSNs based on α-cyclodextrin (α-CD)/aniline supramolecular complex, which operate in water, have been achieved and characterized by solid-state NMR, thermogravimetry analysis, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and N2 adsorption-desorption analysis. The two elaborately designed nanocontainers show the pH-controlled encapsulation/release behaviors for benzotriazole molecules. Equal amounts of the alkaline- and acid-responsive nanocontainers were uniformly distributed in the hybrid zirconia-silica sol–gel coating and thus formed the intelligent anticorrosion coating. The self-healing property of AA2024 alloy coated with the intelligent anticorrosion coating is evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The sol–gel coating doped with the pH-responsive nanocontainers clearly demonstrates long-term corrosion protection performances when compared to the undoped sol–gel coating, which is attributed to the release of corrosion inhibitor from the nanocontainers after feeling the changes of environmental pH values near the corroded areas. (paper)

  6. Anti-corrosion performance of oxidized and oxygen plasma-implanted NiTi alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nickel-titanium shape memory alloys are useful orthopedic biomaterials on account of its super-elastic and shape memory properties. However, the problem associated with out-diffusion of harmful nickel ions in prolonged use inside the human body raises a critical safety concern. Titanium oxide films are deemed to be chemically inert and biocompatible and hence suitable to be the barrier layers to impede the leaching of Ni from the NiTi substrate to biological tissues and fluids. In the work reported in this paper, we compare the anti-corrosion efficacy of oxide films produced by atmospheric-pressure oxidation and oxygen plasma ion implantation. Our results show that the oxidized samples do not possess improved corrosion resistance and may even fare worse than the untreated samples. On the other hand, the plasma-implanted surfaces exhibit much improved corrosion resistance. Our work also shows that post-implantation annealing can further promote the anti-corrosion capability of the samples

  7. Lanthanum-exchanged zeolite and clay as anticorrosive pigments for galvanized steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S. Roselli; N. Bellotti; C. Deyá; M. Revuelta; B. del Amo; R. Romagnoli

    2014-01-01

    A wide variety of inhibitive pigments is now being offered as possible alternatives to chromate and lead compounds for painted metals protection. Unfortunately, the most wide spread of these substitute pigments, zinc phosphate, has, at present, raised some environmental concern because phosphate causes the eutrophication of water courses and zinc itself is toxic. The aim of this re-search was to study the anticorrosive performance of a mixture consisting of zinc phosphate, modified zeolite and clay (bentonite) in order to diminish phosphate content in paints. The zeolite and the clay were exchanged with La(III) ions, as inorganic green inhibitor. In the first step, the anticorrosion protection by La(III) ions in solution was assessed by electrochemical tests. In the second step, an epoxy-polyamide paint formulated with the pigment mixture applied on galvanized panels was studied by salt spray test and electro-chemical noise measurements (ENM). The results showed that it was possible to replace part of the zinc phosphate content in the paint with the exchanged zeolite and the clay.

  8. [Research on anti-corrosion of Thiobacillus for the geopolymer solidification MSWI fly ash].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Man-Tong; Sun, Xin; Dong, Hai-Li; Jin, Zan-Fang

    2012-09-01

    In order to discuss the anti-Thiobacillus corrosion performance of geopolymer solidification MSWI fly ash, the research simulated the Thiobacillus corrosion process by experiment, investigated the change of mass, compressive strength, leaching concentration. The results showed that geopolymer had a good anti-corrosion ability: weight loss within 1%, the compressive strength still reached 21.88 MPa after 28 days, the corrosion resistance coefficient was above 0.9. The maximum leaching concentration of Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, Hg, Pb were 107.7 microg x L(-1), 22.71 microg x L(-1), 39.18 microg x L(-1), 0.56 microg x L(-1), 34.84 microg x L(-1) and 3.03 microg x L(-1), respectively. And the leaching concentration of geopolymer reduced with the immersion time, showed a good anti-Thiobacillus corrosion performance. Through the X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope spectra of geopolymer, we investigated the microstructure and mechanism of geopolymer anti-corrosion. PMID:23243892

  9. Effect of pretreating technologies on the adhesive strength and anticorrosion property of Zn coated NdFeB specimens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Pengjie; Xu, Guangqing; Liu, Jiaqin; Yi, Xiaofei; Wu, Yucheng; Chen, JingWu

    2016-02-01

    Zinc coated NdFeB specimens were prepared with different pretreating technologies, such as polishing, pickling (50 s), sandblasting and combined technology of sandblasting and pickling (5 s). Morphologies of the NdFeB substrates pretreated with different technologies were observed with a scanning electron microscope equipped with an energy dispersive spectrometer and an atomic force microscope. The tensile test was performed to measure the adhesive strength between Zn coating and NdFeB substrate. The self-corrosion behavior of the NdFeB specimen was characterized by potentiodynamic polarization curve. The anticorrosion properties of Zn coated NdFeB specimens were characterized by neutral salt spray tests. The pretreating technologies possess obvious impact on the adhesive strength and anticorrosion property of Zn coated NdFeB specimens. Combined pretreating technology of sandblasting and pickling (5 s) achieves the highest adhesive strength (25.56 MPa) and excellent anticorrosion property (average corrosion current density of 21 μA/cm2) in the four pretreating technologies. The impacting mechanisms of the pretreating technology on the adhesive strength and anticorrosion properties are deeply discussed.

  10. Self-healing anticorrosive organic coating based on an encapsulated water reactive silyl ester: synthesis and proof of concept

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    García, S.J.; Fischer, H.R.; White, P.A.; Mardel, J.; González-García, Y.; Mol, J.M.C.; Hughes, A.E.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper a self-healing anticorrosive organic coating based on an encapsulated water reactive organic agent is presented. A reactive silyl ester is proposed as a new organic reactive healing agent and its synthesis, performance, incorporation into an organic coating and evaluation of self-heali

  11. Anticorrosion imidazolium ionic liquids as the additive in poly(ethylene glycol) for steel/Cu-Sn alloy contacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Meirong; Liang, Yongmin; Zhou, Feng; Liu, Weimin

    2012-01-01

    3-((1H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazol-1-yl)methyl)-1-methyl-1H-imidazolium hexafluorophosphates ([BTAMIM][PF6]) ionic liquids (ILs) were evaluated as friction reduction, antiwear (AW) and anticorrosion additives in poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) for steel/Cu-Sn alloy contacts at 100 degrees C. The physical properties of PEG with the additive were measured. The anticorrosion properties of [BTAMIM][PF6] was assessed via the accelerated corrosion test, which reveals the excellent anticorrosion properties in comparison with selected conventional ILs that have no benzotriazole group. Tribological results indicated that [BTAMIM][PF6] as additives could effectively reduce the friction and wear of sliding pairs in PEG. The tribological properties were generally better than the normally used dibutyl phosphite (T304) and conventional ILs L-P108 in PEG. The wear mechanisms are tentatively discussed according to the morphology observation of worn surfaces of Cu-Sn alloy discs by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and surface composition analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), which revealed complex tribochemical reactions during the sliding process leading to a surface protective film composed of [Cu(-C6H5N3-R)], Cu20, CuF2 and C-O bond containing compound is formed. A strong interaction between benzotriazole and the surface of the Cu alloy was proposed to account for the excellent friction reduction, anti-wear and anti-corrosion capability improvement. PMID:23285627

  12. Energy conservation research of dehumidification system for main cable anticorrosion of suspension bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Ce; Fan Liangkai; Feng Zhaoxiang; Pen Guanzhong

    2011-01-01

    The necessity of the main cable anticorrosion for suspension bridge is described, and operating principles and composition of main cable dehumidification system are analyzed. An idea using the waste heat of high temperature outlet air of dehumidification system to heat up regeneration air of rotary-type dehumidifier is put forward in this paper. The concrete scheme is to install a heat exchanger on air-out pipeline of roots blower and air-in pipeline of regeneration electric heater of rotary dehumidifier. Air preheated by the heat exchanger enters regeneration electric heater of rotary-type dehumidifier. Energy conservation of main cable dehumidification system for the Yangtze River highway bridge is calculated, and the results show that energy conservation rate can reach 44 %.

  13. Self-healing Coatings for an Anti-corrosion barrier in Damaged Parts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polymer coatings are commonly applied to metal substrates to prevent corrosion in aggressive environments such as high humidity and under salt water. Once the polymer coating has been breached, for example due to cracking or scratches, it loses its effectiveness, and corrosion can rapidly propagate across the substrate. The self-healing system we will describe prevents corrosion by healing the damage through a healing reaction triggered by the actual damage event. This self-healing coating solution can be easily applied to most substrate materials, and our dual-capsule healing system provides a general approach to be compatible with most common polymer matrices. Specifically, we expect an excellent anti-corrosion property of the self-healing coatings in damaged parts coated on galvanized metal substrates.

  14. ANTICORROSION POTENTIAL OF HYDRALAZINE FOR CORROSION OF MILD STEEL IN 1M HYDROCHLORIC ACID SOLUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. M. Prasanna

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Anticorrosion potential of mild steel by Hydralazine as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 1M hydrochloric acid was investigated by chemical and electrochemical measurements at 303-333 K temperature. The maximum inhibition efficiency of inhibitor by Weight loss method is around 90%, Tafel polarization method is around 85%; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurement around 90% at 1250 ppm of Hydralazine in. The result shows that the inhibition efficiency increases with I 1M hydrochloric acid. Hydralazine acts as a mixed type inhibitor which inhibits the corrosion of mild steel due to the adsorption on metal surface. This adsorption system obeys the Langmuir adsorption isotherm.Activation parameters explains the effect of temperature with inhibition efficiency of inhibitor molecule.SEM images of inhibited mild steel strips shows a formation of passive protective film over the surface.

  15. Deposition of anti-corrosion coatings by atmospheric pressure plasma jet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An atmospheric-pressure, non-equilibrium plasma jet is currently under investigation at Chalk River Laboratories for the application of anti-corrosion coatings. This device produces concentrations of chemically-active species, similar to those observed in low-pressure plasma deposition systems, with the advantage of operating in an ambient pressure atmosphere. This paper describes measurements of the properties of a bench-scale plasma jet operating in etch and deposition mode. The jet effluent was characterized by various methods, including optical emission spectroscopy. Films deposited on metallic and insulating substrates have been characterized by optical microscopy and surface analytical techniques. The potential for scale-up of this process to treatment of reactor components is discussed. (author)

  16. Metallurgical causes of hot cracking during repair of anticorrosion liner of pressure vessel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problem of hot cracking in the 25Cr13Ni liner zone was addressed during the development of the technology of welded repair joints of reactor pressure vessels with anticorrosion cladding. The occurrence of low-melting-point eutectics on the boundaries of grains based on NbX, NbNi3 and Nb3Si phases was the metallurgical cause of the formation of crystallization cracks. During crystallization, such phases remain in the form of a liquation film on the boundaries of grains of the primary crystals. The weld metal shrinking is accompanied by the development of microcracks, which during the cooling can expand as far as the weld surface. (Z.S.). 6 tabs., 8 figs., 8 refs

  17. UV-curable nanocasting technique to prepare bioinspired superhydrophobic organic-inorganic composite anticorrosion coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. C. Chang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A UV-curing technique was used to develop advanced anticorrosive coatings made of a poly(methyl methacrylate (PMMA/silica composite (PSC with bioinspired Xanthosoma sagittifolium leaf-like superhydrophobic surfaces. First of all, a transparent soft template with negative patterns of xanthosoma sagittifolium leaf can be fabricated by thermally curing the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS pre-polymer in molds at 60°C for 4 h, followed by detaching PDMS template from the surface of natural leaf. PSC coatings with biomimetic structures can be prepared by performing the UV-radiation process upon casting UV-curable precursor with photo-initiator onto cold-rolled steel (CRS electrode under PDMS template. Subsequently, UV-radiation process was carried out by using light source with light intensity of 100 mW/cm2 with exposing wavelength of 365 nm. Surface morphologies of the as-synthesized hydrophobic PMMA (HP and superhydrophobic PSC (SPSC coatings showed a large number of micro-scaled mastoids, each decorated with many nano-scaled wrinkles that were systematically investigated by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM. The contact angles of water droplets on the sample surfaces can be increased from ~81 and 103° on PMMA and PSC surfaces to ~148 and 163° on HP and SPSC surfaces, respectively. The SPSC coating was found to provide an advanced corrosion protection effect on CRS electrodes compared to that of neat PMMA, PSC, and HP coatings based on a series of electrochemical corrosion measurements in 3.5 wt% NaCl electrolyte. Enhanced corrosion protection of SPSC coatings on CRS electrodes can be illustrated by that the silica nanoparticles on the small papillary hills of the bioinspired structure of the surface further increased the surface roughness, making the surface exhibit superior superhydrophobic, and thus leading to much better anticorrosion performance.

  18. Development of anti-corrosive coating technique for alloy plated steel sheet using silane based organic-inorganic hybrid materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silane surface treatments have been developed as an alternative for toxic and carcinogenic chromate-based treatments for years. It is consistently observed that ultra-thin films offer excellent corrosion protection as well as paint adhesion to metals. The silane performance is comparable to, or in some cases better than, that of chromate layers. Based on the tetra-ethylorthosilicate(TEOS) and methlyl trieethoxysilane(MTES), inorganic sol was synthesized and formed hybrid networks with SiO2 nano particle and polypropylene glycol(PPG) on Zn alloyed steel surface. According to SST results, addition of 10nm and 50nm SiO2 nanoparticle in synthesized solution improved anti-corrosion property by its shear stress relaxation effect during curing process. Also, SST results were shown that anti-corrosive property was affected by the amounts of organic compounds

  19. Crash-Induced Vibration and Safety Assessment of Breakaway-Type Post Structures Made of High Anticorrosion Steels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sang-Youl Lee

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with car crash effects and passenger safety assessment of post structures with breakaway types using high performance steel materials. To disperse the impact force when a car crashes into a post, the post could be designed with a breakaway feature. In this study, we used a new high anticorrosion steel for the development of advanced breakaways. Based on the improved Cowper-Symonds model, specific physical properties to the high anticorrosion steel were determined. In particular, the complex mechanism of breakaways was studied using various parameters. The parametric studies are focused on the various effects of car crash on the structural performance and passenger safety of breakaway-type posts. The combined effects of using different steel materials on the dynamic behavers are also investigated.

  20. 2D and 3D alkaline earth metal carboxyphosphonate hybrids: Anti-corrosion coatings for metal surfaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reactions of Mg2+ (1), Ca2+ (2), Sr2+ (3), or Ba2+ (4) salts with hydroxyphosphonoacetic acid (HPAA) at a 1:1 ratio yield M-HPAA layered coordination polymers. The crystal structures of 3 (two phases) and 4 have been determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Both stereoisomers (R and S) of HPAA are incorporated in the metal-HPAA materials. Synergistic combinations of Sr2+ or Ba2+ and HPAA at pH 7.3 are effective corrosion inhibitors for carbon steel, but are ineffective at pH 2.0. - Graphical abstract: Syntheses, characterization and crystal structures of metal-hydroxyphosphonoacetate hybrids are reported (Metal=Sr, Ba). 2D and 3D materials were prepared. Their anti-corrosion effects were studied at pH 2.0 and 7.3. It was found that anti-corrosion efficiency was demonstrated only at pH 7.3

  1. Highly efficient visible light induced photoelectrochemical anticorrosion for 304 SS by Ni-doped TiO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ni-doped TiO2, which was fabricated via sol–gel method in the present work, possesses the best photoelectrochemical anticorrosion property for 304 stainless steel under visible light illumination when the Ni doping amount is 0.5% (Ti0.995Ni0.005O2). The Ni-doping leads to the extension of the photoresponse of TiO2 from ultraviolet to visible light. Ni is substitutionally doped in TiO2 matrix by substituting the Ti4+ lattice sites and the oxygen vacancy forms for Ti0.995Ni0.005O2. The oxygen vacancy promotes the transfer of photoinduced electrons, resulting in the increase of the photo-to-current conversion efficiency of TiO2 under visible light. Finally, the oxygen vacancy and Ni-doping efficiently enhance the photoelectrochemical anticorrosion property of TiO2 under visible light illumination

  2. Development of anti-corrosive coating technique for alloy plated steel sheet using silane based organic-inorganic hybrid materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jongwon; Lee, Kyunghwang [Ulsan Industrial Technology Research Center, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of); Park, Byungkyu; Hong, Shinhyub [AK ChemTech Co., Ltd., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-06-15

    Silane surface treatments have been developed as an alternative for toxic and carcinogenic chromate-based treatments for years. It is consistently observed that ultra-thin films offer excellent corrosion protection as well as paint adhesion to metals. The silane performance is comparable to, or in some cases better than, that of chromate layers. Based on the tetra-ethylorthosilicate(TEOS) and methlyl trieethoxysilane(MTES), inorganic sol was synthesized and formed hybrid networks with SiO{sub 2} nano particle and polypropylene glycol(PPG) on Zn alloyed steel surface. According to SST results, addition of 10nm and 50nm SiO{sub 2} nanoparticle in synthesized solution improved anti-corrosion property by its shear stress relaxation effect during curing process. Also, SST results were shown that anti-corrosive property was affected by the amounts of organic compounds.

  3. Aminobenzoate modified MgAl hydrotalcites as a novel smart additive of reinforced concrete for anticorrosion applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Z.; Fischer, H.R.; Cerezo, J.; Mol, J.M.C.; Polder, R.B.

    2013-01-01

    A carbonate form of MgAl hydrotalcite, Mg(2)Al-CO3 and its p-aminobenzoate (pAB) modified derivative, Mg(2)Al-pAB, were synthesized and characterized by means of XRD, FT-IR and TG/DSC. The anticorrosion behavior of Mg(2)Al-pAB was evaluated based on open circuit potential (OCP) of carbon steel in si

  4. Preparations and properties of anti-corrosion additives of water-soluble metal working fluids for aluminum alloy materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Shoji

    2008-01-01

    This short review describes various types of anti-corrosion additives of water-soluble metal working fluids for aluminum alloy materials. It is concerned with synthetic additives classified according to their functional groups; silicone compounds, carboxylic acids and dibasic acids, esters, Diels-Alder adducts, various polymers, nitrogen compounds, phosphoric esters, phosphonic acids, and others. Testing methods for water-soluble metal working fluids for aluminum alloy materials are described for a practical application in a laboratory. PMID:18075217

  5. Long-Term Anti-Corrosion Performance of a Conducting Polymer-Based Coating System for Steels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Tongyan; Yu, Qifeng

    2016-06-01

    The long-term durability of a two-layer coating system was evaluated by two accelerated corrosion tests, i.e., the ASTM B117 Salt spray test and the ASTM D5894 Cyclic salt fog/UV exposure test, and a series of surface analyses. The coating system was developed for protecting structural steels from corrosion, including a functional primer made of intrinsically conducting polymer (ICP) and a protective topcoat. The standard pull-off test per ASTM D4541 was employed for characterizing the adhesion of the coating systems to substrate, aided by visual examination of the surface deterioration of the samples. The ICP-based systems demonstrated superior long-term anti-corrosion capacity when a polyurethane topcoat is used. The ICP-based primer made of a waterborne epoxy gave poorer anti-corrosion performance than the ICP-based primer made of regular non-waterborne epoxy, which can be attributed to the lower adhesion the waterborne epoxy demonstrated to the substrate surface. The zinc-rich control systems showed good anti-corrosion durability; however, they may produce excessive oxidative products of zinc to cause coating delamination. Based on the test results, the two-layer coating system consisting of an ICP-based primer and a polyurethane topcoat outperforms the conventional zinc-rich coating systems for corrosion protection of steels.

  6. Preparation technology and anti-corrosion performances of black ceramic coatings formed by micro-arc oxidation on aluminum alloys

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Ling; HAN Jing; YU Shengxue

    2006-01-01

    In order to prepare ornamental and anti-corrosive coating on aluminum alloys, preparation technology of black micro-arc ceramic coatings on Al alloys in silicate based electrolyte was studied.The influence of content of Na2WO4 and combination additive in solution on the performance of black ceramic coatings was studied; the anticorrosion performances of black ceramic coatings were evaluated through whole-immersion test and electrochemical method in 3.5% NaCl solution at different pH value; SEM and XRD were used to analyze the surface morphology and phase constitutes of the black ceramic coatings.Experimental results indicated that, without combination additives, with the increasing of Na2WO4 content in the electrolyte, ceramic coating became darker and thicker, but the color was not black; after adding combination additive, the coating turned to be black; the black ceramic coating was multi-hole form in surface.There was a small quantity of tungsten existing in the black ceramic coating beside α-Al2O3 phase and β-Al2O3 phase.And aluminum alloy with black ceramic coating exhibited excellent anti-corrosion property in acid, basic and neutral 3.5% NaCl solution.

  7. Experimental Study on the Electrochemical Anti-Corrosion Properties of Steel Structures Applying the Arc Thermal Metal Spraying Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Bok Choe

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The arc thermal metal spraying method (ATMSM provides proven long-term protective coating systems using zinc, aluminum and their alloys for steel work in a marine environment. This paper focuses on studying experimentally the anti-corrosion criteria of ATMSM on steel specimens. The effects of the types of spraying metal and the presence or absence of sealing treatment from the thermal spraying of film on the anti-corrosion performance of TMSM were quantitatively evaluated by electrochemical techniques. The results showed that ATMSM represented a sufficient corrosion resistance with the driving force based on the potential difference of more than approximately 0.60 V between the thermal spraying layer and the base substrate steel. Furthermore, it was found that the sealing treatment of specimens had suppressed the dissolution of metals, increased the corrosion potential, decreased the corrosion current density and increased the polarization resistance. Metal alloy Al–Mg (95%:5% by mass with epoxy sealing coating led to the most successful anti-corrosion performance in these electrochemical experiments.

  8. Nano-engineering of superhydrophobic aluminum surfaces for anti-corrosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Chanyoung

    Metal corrosion is a serious problem, both economically and operationally, for engineering systems such as aircraft, automobiles, pipelines, and naval vessels. In such engineering systems, aluminum is one of the primary materials of construction due to its light weight compared to steel and good general corrosion resistance. However, because of aluminum's relatively lower resistance to corrosion in salt water environments, protective measures such as thick coatings, paints, or cathodic protection must be used for satisfactory service life. Unfortunately, such anti-corrosion methods can create other concerns, such as environmental contamination, protection durability, and negative impact on hydrodynamic efficiency. Recently, a novel approach to preventing metal corrosion has emerged, using superhydrophobic surfaces. Superhydrophobic surfaces create a composite interface to liquid by retaining air within the surface structures, thus minimizing the direct contact of the liquid environment to the metal surface. The result is a highly non-wetting and anti-adherent surface that can offer other benefits such as biofouling resistance and hydrodynamic low friction. Prior research with superhydrophobic surfaces for corrosion applications was based on irregular surface roughening and/or chemical coatings, which resulted in random surface features, mostly on the micrometer scale. Such microscale surface roughness with poor controllability of structural dimensions and shapes has been a critical limitation to deeper understanding of the anti-corrosive effectiveness and optimized application of this approach. The research reported here provides a novel approach to producing controlled superhydrophobic nanostructures on aluminum that allows a systematic investigation of the superhydrophobic surface parameters on the corrosion resistance and hence can provide a route to optimization of the surface. Electrochemical anodization is used to controllably modulate the oxide layer

  9. Fabrication and Assessment of Crumb-Rubber-Modified Coatings with Anticorrosive Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser Al-Aqeeli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Scrap tires continue to be a major source of waste due to the lack of valuable and effective disposal routes. A viable solution to this problem is to recycle crumb rubber (CR—a granulated material derived from scrap tires—and use it to develop other valuable products. Herein we report the fabrication and characterization of CR-modified coatings with anticorrosive properties on metal substrates. By varying the particle size and concentration of CR, we have determined the coating composition that offers the highest level of erosion protection. Images from a scanning electron microscope (SEM reveal that CR is homogenously dispersed in the coating, especially when fine particles are used. As the concentration of CR increases, the hardness of the coating decreases as a result of the elastic properties of CR. More importantly, the erosion rate of the coating decreases due to increased ductility. Following Potentiodynamic tests, the utilization of these coatings proved to be beneficial as they showed good protection against aqueous corrosion when tested in 0.5 M NaCl solution. Our newly developed coatings offer an incentive to recycling CR and open up a safe and sustainable route to the disposal of scrap tires.

  10. Polypropylene Glycol-Silver Nanoparticle Composites: A Novel Anticorrosion Material for Aluminum in Acid Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Moses M.; Umoren, Saviour A.; Israel, Aniekemeabasi U.; Ebenso, Eno E.

    2015-11-01

    Admixture of polypropylene glycol and 1 mM AgNO3 together with natural honey as reducing and stabilizing agent was employed to prepare in situ polypropylene glycol/silver nanoparticle (PPG/AgNPs) composite. The prepared PPG/AgNPs composite was characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR, XRD, and EDS, while the morphology of the Ag nanoparticles in the composite was obtained by TEM. TEM results revealed that the Ag nanoparticles were spherical in shape. The anticorrosion property of PPG/AgNPs composite was examined by electrochemical, weight loss, SEM, EDS, and water contact angle measurements. Results obtained show that PPG/AgNPs are effective in retarding the dissolution of Al in an acid-induced corrosive environment. Inhibition efficiency increased with the increasing composite concentration but decreased with the increasing temperature. Potentiodynamic polarization results revealed that PPG/AgNPs functions as a mixed-type corrosion inhibitor. The adsorption of the composite onto Al surface was found to follow El-Awady et al. adsorption isotherm model. SEM, EDS, and water contact angle results confirmed the adsorption of PPG/AgNPs films onto Al surface.

  11. Application Of Phenol/Amine Copolymerized Film Modified Magnesium Alloys: Anticorrosion And Surface Biofunctionalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Si; Zhang, Jiang; Chen, Yingqi; Zhao, Sheng; Chen, Meiyun; Li, Xin; Maitz, Manfred F; Wang, Jin; Huang, Nan

    2015-11-11

    Magnesium metal as degradable metallic material is one of the most researched areas, but its rapid degradation rate restricts its development. The current anticorrosion surface modification methods require expensive equipment and complicated operation processes and cannot continue to introduce biofunction on modified surface. In this study, the GAHD conversion coatings were fabricated on the surface of magnesium alloys (MZM) by incubating in the mixture solution of gallic acid (GA) and hexamethylenediamine (HD) to decrease the corrosion rate and provide primary amines (-NH2), carboxyl (-COOH), and quinone groups, which is supposed to introduce biomolecules on MZM. Chemical structures of the MZM-GAHD and MZM-HEP-GAHD were explored by analyzing the results of FTIR and XPS comprehensively. Furthermore, it was proved that the heparin (HEP) molecules were successfully immobilized on MZM-GAHD surface through carbodiimide method. The evaluation of platelet adhesion and clotting time test showed that MZM-HEP-GAHD had higher anticoagulation than MZM-GAHD. Through electrochemical detection (polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy Nyquist spectrum) and immersion test (Mg(2+) concentration and weight loss), it was proved that compared to MZM, both the MZM-GAHD and MZM-HEP-GAHD significantly improved the corrosion resistance. Finally, in vivo experimentation indicated that mass loss had no significant difference between MZM-1:1, MZM-HEP-1:1, and MZM. However, the trend still suggested that MZM-1:1 and MZM-HEP-1:1 possessed corrosion resistance property. PMID:26479205

  12. Advanced Anticorrosion Coating Materials Derived from Sunflower Oil with Bifunctional Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balakrishnan, Thiruparasakthi; Sathiyanarayanan, Sadagopan; Mayavan, Sundar

    2015-09-01

    High-performance barrier films preventing permeation of moisture, aggressive chloride ions, and corrosive acids are important for many industries ranging from food to aviation. In the current study, pristine sunflower oil was used to form uniform adherent films on iron (Fe) via a simple single-step thermal treatment (without involving any initiator/mediator/catalyst). Oxidation of oil on heating results in a highly conjugated (oxidized) crystalline lamellar network with interlayer separation of 0.445 nm on Fe. The electrochemical corrosion tests proved that the coating exhibits superior anticorrosion performance with high coating resistance (>10(9) ohm cm2) and low capacitance values (oil coatings developed in this study provided a two-fold protection of passivation from the oxide layer and barrier from polymeric films. It is clearly observed that there is no change in structure, morphology, or electrochemical properties even after a prolonged exposure time of 80 days. This work indicates the prospect of developing highly inert, environmentally green, nontoxic, and micrometer level passivating barrier coatings from more sustainable and renewable sources, which can be of interest for numerous applications. PMID:26292971

  13. A superhydrophilic nitinol shape memory alloy with enhanced anti-biofouling and anti-corrosion properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, K; Min, T; Jung, J-Y; Shin, D; Nam, Y

    2016-05-01

    This work reports on a nitinol (NiTi) surface modification scheme based on a chemical oxidation method, and characterizes its effects on wetting, biofouling and corrosion. The scheme developed is also compared with selected previous oxidation methods. The proposed method turns NiTi into superhydrophilic in ~5 min, and the static contact angle and contact angle hysteresis were measured to be ~7° and ~12°, respectively. In the PRP (platelet rich plasma) test, platelet adhesion was reduced by ~89% and ~77% respectively, compared with the original NiTi and the NiTi treated with the previous chemical oxidation scheme. The method developed provides a high (~1.1 V) breakdown voltage, which surpasses the ASTM standard for intervascular medical devices. It also provides higher superhydrophilicity, hemo-compatibility and anti-corrosion resistance than previous oxidation schemes, with a significantly reduced process time (~5 min), and will help the development of high performance NiTi devices. PMID:27021115

  14. Electrochemical behavior and anticorrosion properties of modified polyaniline dispersed in polyvinylacetate coating on carbon steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conducting polyaniline (Pani) was prepared in the presence of methane sulfonic acid (MeSA) as dopant by chemical oxidative polymerization. The Pani-MeSA polymer was characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and impedance spectroscopy. The polymer was dispersed in polyvinylacetate and coated on carbon steel samples by a dipping method. The electrochemical behavior and anticorrosion properties of the coating on carbon steel in 3% NaCl were investigated using open-circuit potential (OCP) versus time of exposure, and electrochemical techniques including electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), potentiodynamic polarization and cyclic voltammetry (CV). During initial exposure, the OCP dropped about 0.35 V and the interfacial resistance increased several times, indicating a certain reduction of the polymer and oxidation of the steel surface. Later the OCP shifted to the noble direction and remained at a stable value during the exposure up to 60 days. The EIS monitoring also revealed the initial change and later stabilization of the coating. The stable high OCP and low coating impedance suggest that the conducting polymer maintains its oxidative state and provides corrosion protection for carbon steel throughout the investigated period. The polarization curves and CV show that the conducting polymer coating induces a passive-like behavior and greatly reduces the corrosion of carbon steel

  15. Al-based anti-corrosion and T-permeation barrier development for future DEMO blankets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krauss, W., E-mail: wolfgang.krauss@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann von Helmholtz Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Konys, J.; Holstein, N.; Zimmermann, H. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann von Helmholtz Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2011-10-01

    In the Helium-Cooled-Liquid-Lead (HCLL) design of Test-Blanket-Modules (TBM's) for a future fusion power plant Pb-15.7Li is used as liquid breeder which is in direct contact with the structure material, e.g. EUROFER steel. Compatibility testing showed that high corrosion attack appears and that the dissolved steel components form precipitates with a high risk of system blockages. A reliable operation needs coatings as corrosion barriers. The earlier developed Hot-Dip Aluminisation (HDA) process has shown that Al-based scales can act as anti-corrosion as well as T-permeation barriers. Meanwhile two advanced electro-chemically based processes for deposition of Al-scales were successfully developed. The first (ECA = Electro-Chemical Al-deposition) is working with an organic electrolyte and the second one (ECX = Electro-Chemical-X-metal-deposition) is based on ionic liquids. Coatings in the {mu}m-range were deposited homogeneously with exact controllable thicknesses. Metallurgical investigations showed the successful generation of protective scales and compatibility testing demonstrated the barrier function.

  16. Al-based anti-corrosion and T-permeation barrier development for future DEMO blankets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krauss, W.; Konys, J.; Holstein, N.; Zimmermann, H.

    2011-10-01

    In the Helium-Cooled-Liquid-Lead (HCLL) design of Test-Blanket-Modules (TBM's) for a future fusion power plant Pb-15.7Li is used as liquid breeder which is in direct contact with the structure material, e.g. EUROFER steel. Compatibility testing showed that high corrosion attack appears and that the dissolved steel components form precipitates with a high risk of system blockages. A reliable operation needs coatings as corrosion barriers. The earlier developed Hot-Dip Aluminisation (HDA) process has shown that Al-based scales can act as anti-corrosion as well as T-permeation barriers. Meanwhile two advanced electro-chemically based processes for deposition of Al-scales were successfully developed. The first (ECA = Electro-Chemical Al-deposition) is working with an organic electrolyte and the second one (ECX = Electro-Chemical-X-metal-deposition) is based on ionic liquids. Coatings in the μm-range were deposited homogeneously with exact controllable thicknesses. Metallurgical investigations showed the successful generation of protective scales and compatibility testing demonstrated the barrier function.

  17. Microstructural studies of anti-corrosion Sn O2 thin films for glass protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    .Advances in display technology, solar energy conversion and electrochemistry devices have simulated the study of transparent and electrically conductive coatings. In this context, Sn O2 is among the first transparent conductors that have received a significant commercialization. Moreover, owing to its chemical and thermal stability, Sn O2 thin coatings prepared by sol-gel method are promising candidates for glass anticorrosion applications. However, the two main challenges that we have to deal with are: - the elimination of the residual porosity of Sn O2 thin films. - the need of a non-aqueous sol for film deposition owing to the sensibility of the substrate to water corrosion. In this context, we first investigated two different ways to control the final porosity of the film, by acting on: Sn O2 particle formation: a complexing agent was added to the precursor solution in order to modify particle nucleation and growth during isothermal hydrolysis; and pore size growth: Sn O2 particles were doped with different amount of Mn or Sb, in order to increase the film densification during isothermal sintering. The kinetics of particles and pores formation processes were studied by in situ SAXS measurements. (author)

  18. Al-based anti-corrosion and T-permeation barrier development for future DEMO blankets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Helium-Cooled-Liquid-Lead (HCLL) design of Test-Blanket-Modules (TBM's) for a future fusion power plant Pb-15.7Li is used as liquid breeder which is in direct contact with the structure material, e.g. EUROFER steel. Compatibility testing showed that high corrosion attack appears and that the dissolved steel components form precipitates with a high risk of system blockages. A reliable operation needs coatings as corrosion barriers. The earlier developed Hot-Dip Aluminisation (HDA) process has shown that Al-based scales can act as anti-corrosion as well as T-permeation barriers. Meanwhile two advanced electro-chemically based processes for deposition of Al-scales were successfully developed. The first (ECA = Electro-Chemical Al-deposition) is working with an organic electrolyte and the second one (ECX = Electro-Chemical-X-metal-deposition) is based on ionic liquids. Coatings in the μm-range were deposited homogeneously with exact controllable thicknesses. Metallurgical investigations showed the successful generation of protective scales and compatibility testing demonstrated the barrier function.

  19. Preparation of anti-corrosion films by microarc oxidation on an Al-Si alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thick ceramic films over 140 μm were prepared on Al-7% Si alloy by ac microarc oxidation in a silicate electrolyte. The film growth kinetics was determined by an eddy current technique and film growth features in different stages were discussed. The microstructure and composition profiles for different thick films were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Their phase components were determined by X-ray diffraction. The electrochemical corrosion behaviors of bare and coated alloys were evaluated using potentiodynamic polarization curves, and their corrosion morphologies were observed. In the initial stage of oxidation, the growth rate is slow with 0.48 μm/min due to the effect of Si element though the current density is rather high up to 33 A/dm2. After the current density has decreased to a stable value of 11 A/dm2, the film mainly grows towards the interior of alloy. The film with a three-layer structure consists of mullite, γ-Al2O3, α-Al2O3 and amorphous phases. By microarc discharge treatment, the corrosion current of the Al-Si alloy in NaCl solution was significantly reduced. However, a thicker film has to be fabricated in order to obtain high corrosion-resistant film of the Al-Si alloy. Microarc oxidation is an effective method to form an anti-corrosion protective film on Si-containing aluminum alloys

  20. A Comparative Study on Graphene Oxide and Carbon Nanotube Reinforcement of PMMA-Siloxane-Silica Anticorrosive Coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harb, Samarah V; Pulcinelli, Sandra H; Santilli, Celso V; Knowles, Kevin M; Hammer, Peter

    2016-06-29

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene oxide (GO) have been used to reinforce PMMA-siloxane-silica nanocomposites considered to be promising candidates for environmentally compliant anticorrosive coatings. The organic-inorganic hybrids were prepared by benzoyl peroxide (BPO)-induced polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) covalently bonded through 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate (MPTS) to silica domains formed by hydrolytic condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). Single-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide nanosheets were dispersed by surfactant addition and in a water/ethanol solution, respectively. These were added to PMMA-siloxane-silica hybrids at a carbon (CNT or GO) to silicon (TEOS and MPTS) molar ratio of 0.05% in two different matrices, both prepared at BPO/MMA molar ratios of 0.01 and 0.05. Atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy showed very smooth, homogeneous, and defect-free surfaces of approximately 3-7 μm thick coatings deposited onto A1020 carbon steel by dip coating. Mechanical testing and thermogravimetric analysis confirmed that both additives CNT and GO improved the scratch resistance, adhesion, wear resistance, and thermal stability of PMMA-siloxane-silica coatings. Results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in 3.5% NaCl solution, discussed in terms of equivalent circuits, showed that the reinforced hybrid coatings act as a very efficient anticorrosive barrier with an impedance modulus up to 1 GΩ cm(2), approximately 5 orders of magnitude higher than that of bare carbon steel. In the case of GO addition, the high corrosion resistance was maintained for more than 6 months in saline medium. These results suggest that both carbon nanostructures can be used as structural reinforcement agents, improving the thermal and mechanical resistance of high performance anticorrosive PMMA-siloxane-silica coatings and thus extending their application range to abrasive environments. PMID:27266403

  1. Anticorrosive field joint coating qualification, heat shrinkable sleeve; Qualificacao de revestimento anticorrosivo para juntas de campo, mantas termocontrateis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cabral, Glaucia B.; Koebsch, Andre; Castinheiras Junior, Wilson [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    The main objective of this job is to present the quality requirements fixed by PETROBRAS for anticorrosive field joint coating for buried pipelines, industrially coated with PE-3L. It describes the used system - polyethylene based heat shrinkable sleeve - comparing with the existent on the pipeline. So, it exposes the suppliers' qualification stages, which include test carried out for the materials, for the sleeve set and for the coating after its application on the joint field. Finally, it shows that the experience, which has been gotten in the qualification, consolidated the quality control systematic that have been carry out during the sleeves acquisition and application at the pipeline construction. (author)

  2. Development of an environmentally benign anticorrosion coating for aluminum alloy using green pigments and organofunctional silanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Zhangzhang

    Aerospace aluminum alloys such as Al alloy 2024-T3 and 7075-T6 are subject to localized corrosion due the existence of intermetallics containing Cu, Mg or Zn. Current protection measurement employs substantial use of chromate and high VOC organics, both of which are identified as environment and health hazards. The approach of this study is to utilize a combination of organofunctional silanes and a compatible inhibitor integrated into high-performance waterborne resins. First, an extensive pigment screening has been done to find replacements for chromates using the testing methodology for fast corrosion inhibition evaluation and pigment. Zinc phosphate and calcium zinc phosphomolybdate were found to have the best overall performance on Al alloys. Some new corrosion inhibitors were synthesized by chemical methods or modified by plasma polymerization for use in the coatings. Low-VOC, chromate-free primers (superprimer) were developed using these pigments with silane and acrylic-epoxy resins. The developed superprimer demonstrated good corrosion inhibition on aluminum substrates. The functions of inhibitor and silane in the coating were investigated. Both silane and inhibitor are critical for the performance of the superprimer. Silane was found to improve the adhesion of the coating to the substrate and also facilitate corrosion prevention. Addition of zinc phosphate to the coating improved the resistance of a scratched area against corrosion. The microstructure of the acrylic-epoxy superprimer coating was studied. SEM/EDAX revealed that the superprimer has a self-assembled stratified double-layer structure which accounts for the strong anti-corrosion performance of the zinc phosphate pigment. Zinc phosphate leaches out from the coating to actively protect the scratched area. The leaching of pigment was confirmed in the ICP-MS analysis and the leaching rate was measured. Coating-metal interface and the scribe of coated panels subjected to corrosion test was studied

  3. Preparation of anti-corrosion films by microarc oxidation on an Al-Si alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xue Wenbin [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Materials Modification of Ministry of Education, Institute of Low Energy Nuclear Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)]. E-mail: xuewb@bnu.edu.cn; Shi Xiuling [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Materials Modification of Ministry of Education, Institute of Low Energy Nuclear Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Hua Ming [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Materials Modification of Ministry of Education, Institute of Low Energy Nuclear Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Li Yongliang [Analytical and Testing Center, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

    2007-05-15

    Thick ceramic films over 140 {mu}m were prepared on Al-7% Si alloy by ac microarc oxidation in a silicate electrolyte. The film growth kinetics was determined by an eddy current technique and film growth features in different stages were discussed. The microstructure and composition profiles for different thick films were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Their phase components were determined by X-ray diffraction. The electrochemical corrosion behaviors of bare and coated alloys were evaluated using potentiodynamic polarization curves, and their corrosion morphologies were observed. In the initial stage of oxidation, the growth rate is slow with 0.48 {mu}m/min due to the effect of Si element though the current density is rather high up to 33 A/dm{sup 2}. After the current density has decreased to a stable value of 11 A/dm{sup 2}, the film mainly grows towards the interior of alloy. The film with a three-layer structure consists of mullite, {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and amorphous phases. By microarc discharge treatment, the corrosion current of the Al-Si alloy in NaCl solution was significantly reduced. However, a thicker film has to be fabricated in order to obtain high corrosion-resistant film of the Al-Si alloy. Microarc oxidation is an effective method to form an anti-corrosion protective film on Si-containing aluminum alloys.

  4. Influence of Functionalization of Nanocontainers on Self-Healing Anticorrosive Coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Zhaoliang; Schenderlein, Matthias; Huang, Xing; Brownbill, Nick J; Blanc, Frédéric; Shchukin, Dmitry

    2015-10-21

    Feedback coating based on pH-induced release of inhibitor from organosilyl-functionalized containers is considered as a compelling candidate to achieve smart self-healing corrosion protection. Four key factors that determine the overall coating performance include (1) the uptake and release capacity of containers, (2) prevention of the premature leakage, (3) compatibility of containers in coating matrix, and (4) cost and procedure simplicity consideration. The critical influence introduced by organosilyl-functionalization of containers is systematically demonstrated by investigating MCM-41 silica nanoparticles modified with ethylenediamine (en), en-4-oxobutanoic acid salt (en-COO(-)), and en-triacetate (en-(COO(-))3) with higher and lower organic contents. The properties of the modified silica nanoparticles as containers were mainly characterized by solid-state (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, N2 sorption, thermogravimetric analysis, small-angle X-ray scattering, dynamic light scattering, and UV-vis spectroscopy. Finally, the self-healing ability and anticorrosive performances of hybrid coatings were examined through scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). We found that en-(COO(-))3-type functionalization with content of only 0.23 mmol/g performed the best as a candidate for establishing pH-induced release system because the resulting capped and loaded (C-L) functionalized silica nanocontainers (FSNs) exhibit high loading (26 wt %) and release (80%) capacities for inhibitor, prevention of premature leakage (less than 2%), good dispersibility in coating matrix, and cost effectiveness. PMID:26393678

  5. Synthesis, characterization, and controlled release anticorrosion behavior of benzoate intercalated Zn-Al layered double hydroxides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: The benzoate anion released from Zn-Al LDHs provides a more effective long-term protection against corrosion of Q235 carbon steel in 3.5% NaCl solution. Highlights: → A benzoate anion corrosion inhibitor intercalated Zn-Al layered double hydroxides (LDHs) has been assembled by coprecipitation method. → The kinetic simulation indicates that the ion-exchange one is responsible for the release process and the diffusion through particle is the rate limiting step. → A significant reduction of the corrosion rate is observed when the LDH nanohybrid is present in the corrosive media. -- Abstract: Corrosion inhibitor-inorganic clay composite including benzoate anion intercalated Zn-Al layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are assembled by coprecipitation. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum analyses indicate that the benzoate anion is successfully intercalated into the LDH interlayer and the benzene planes are vertically bilayer-positioned as a quasi-guest ion-pair form in the gallery space. Kinetic simulation for the release data, XRD and FT-IR analyses of samples recovered from the release medium indicate that ion-exchange is responsible for the release process and diffusion through the particle is also indicated to be the rate-limiting step. The anticorrosion capabilities of LDHs loaded with corrosion inhibitor toward Q235 carbon steel are analyzed by polarization curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy methods. Significant reduction of corrosion rate is observed when the LDH nanohybrid is present in the corrosive medium. This hybrid material may potentially be applied as a nanocontainer in self-healing coatings.

  6. Fabrication of anticorrosive multilayer onto magnesium alloy substrates via spin-assisted layer-by-layer technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cai Kaiyong, E-mail: Kaiyong_cai@cqu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology (Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, College of Bioengineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China); Sui Xiaojing; Hu Yan [Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology (Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, College of Bioengineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China); Zhao Li [China National Centre for Biotechnology Development, No. 16, Xi Si Huan Zhong Lu, Haidian District, Beijing 100036 (China); Lai Min; Luo Zhong; Liu Peng; Yang Weihu [Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology (Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, College of Bioengineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)

    2011-12-01

    To improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloy, we reported a novel approach for the fabrication of anticorrosive multilayers onto AZ91D substrates. The multilayers were composed of poly(ethylene imine) (PEI), poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) and 8-hydroxyquinoline (8HQ). They were deposited onto AZ91D substrates via a spin-assisted layer-by-layer (LbL) technique. The multilayered structure was stabilized with glutaraldehyde (GA) as crossing linker. It was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Surface morphologies and elemental compositions of the formed anticorrosive multilayers were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. The corrosion performance of the multilayer coated AZ91D substrates was characterized by hydrogen evolution. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization measurements suggested that the multilayered coating improved the corrosion resistance of AZ91D substrates. In vitro study revealed that the multilayered coating was cytocompatible. The study provides a potential alternative for the fabrication of corrosion resistant magnesium alloy-based implants. Highlights: {yields} Corrosion protective multilayers have been constructed onto AZ91D substrates via layer by layer technique. {yields} The multilayered structured containing 8-hydroxyquinoline highly improves the corrosion resistance of AZ91D substrates. {yields} The novel multilayered coating is potentially important for developing corrosion resistant magnesium alloy-based implants.

  7. Fabrication of anticorrosive multilayer onto magnesium alloy substrates via spin-assisted layer-by-layer technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloy, we reported a novel approach for the fabrication of anticorrosive multilayers onto AZ91D substrates. The multilayers were composed of poly(ethylene imine) (PEI), poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) and 8-hydroxyquinoline (8HQ). They were deposited onto AZ91D substrates via a spin-assisted layer-by-layer (LbL) technique. The multilayered structure was stabilized with glutaraldehyde (GA) as crossing linker. It was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Surface morphologies and elemental compositions of the formed anticorrosive multilayers were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. The corrosion performance of the multilayer coated AZ91D substrates was characterized by hydrogen evolution. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization measurements suggested that the multilayered coating improved the corrosion resistance of AZ91D substrates. In vitro study revealed that the multilayered coating was cytocompatible. The study provides a potential alternative for the fabrication of corrosion resistant magnesium alloy-based implants. Highlights: → Corrosion protective multilayers have been constructed onto AZ91D substrates via layer by layer technique. → The multilayered structured containing 8-hydroxyquinoline highly improves the corrosion resistance of AZ91D substrates. → The novel multilayered coating is potentially important for developing corrosion resistant magnesium alloy-based implants.

  8. Multi-functional hybrid coatings containing silica nanoparticles and anti-corrosive acrylate monomer for scratch and corrosion resistance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Multi-functional hybrid coatings having both anti-corrosion and scratch resistance were prepared from modified silica nanoparticles and functional acrylates. To improve the dispersion properties of silica nanoparticles in the organic/inorganic hybrid coatings, the surface of the nanoparticles was modified with γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane. The coating solution could be prepared by mixing modified silica nanoparticles, tetrasiloxane acrylate, di-acrylate monomer containing an anti-corrosion functional group, acrylic acid, and an initiator in a solvent. The mixture was then dip-coated on iron substrates and finally polymerized by ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Corrosion and scratch resistance of the coated iron was evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and a pencil hardness test, respectively. From the EIS results, the coatings with tetrasiloxane acrylate and di-acrylate did not show any decrease in impedance or phase angle, even after 50 days' exposure to 0.1 M NaCl electrolyte, whereas the conventional acrylate coatings started to fail after only 24 h. A hybrid coating containing the amine-quinone functional group exhibited excellent corrosion protection properties with 4-5H pencil hardness.

  9. Development of advanced Al coating processes for future application as anti-corrosion and T-permeation barriers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reduced ferritic-martensitic steels (e.g. Eurofer 97) are foreseen in future fusion technology as structural material in the HCLL concept, however, they show strong dissolution attack in Pb-15.7Li. Corrosion testing in Picolo loop revealed dramatically values of about 400 μm/year at flow rates of 0.22 m/s at 550 oC. This large amount of corrosion products is transported and will be deposited as precipitates at cooler positions with the risk of line blockages as found in Picolo testing. Thus, reliable TBM function claims anti-corrosion barriers. Previous studies (e.g. Hot-Dip Aluminization) showed that Al-based coatings have such anti-corrosion and also T-permeation reduction behavior. However, industrially relevant coating technologies are missing and Hot-Dip cannot fulfill low activation criteria. Electro-chemical deposition promises such features, however water-based systems are unqualified. The investigation of Al coating methods from non-aqueous systems succeeded in deposition of Al-scales in high reproducible and controllable thickness from two different types of electrolytes. The first one is based on organic aromates as electrolyte and the second variant uses organic salt melts (ionic liquids). The specific characteristics and advantages will be discussed as well as the formation of the protective scales after heat treatment and their behavior in Pb-15.7Li.

  10. A room temperature cured sol-gel anticorrosion pre-treatment for Al 2024-T3 alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inherent reactivity of the Al-Cu alloys is such that their use for structural, marine, and aerospace components and structures would not be possible without prior application of a corrosion protection system. Historically these corrosion protection systems have been based upon the use of chemicals containing Cr(VI) compounds. Organic-inorganic hybrid silane coatings are of increasing interest in industry due to their potential application for the replacement of current toxic hexavalent chromate based treatments. In the present study, a hybrid epoxy-silica-alumina coating with or without doped cerium nitrate has been prepared using a sol-gel method. The hybrid coatings were applied by a dip-technique to an Al-Cu alloy, Al 2024-T3, and subsequently cured at room temperature. The anticorrosion properties of the coatings within 3.5% NaCl were studied using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and conventional DC polarisation. An exfoliation test method involving immersion in a solution of 4 M NaCl, 0.5 M KNO3 and 0.1 M HNO3 was also used. The cerium nitrate doped sol-gel coating exhibited excellent anticorrosion properties providing an adherent protection film on the Al 2024-T3 substrate. The resistance to corrosion of the sol-gel coating was also evaluated by analysing the morphology of the coating before and after corrosion testing using scanning electron microscopy

  11. Multi-functional hybrid coatings containing silica nanoparticles and anti-corrosive acrylate monomer for scratch and corrosion resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Ji Yeon; Han, Mijeong

    2011-01-01

    Multi-functional hybrid coatings having both anti-corrosion and scratch resistance were prepared from modified silica nanoparticles and functional acrylates. To improve the dispersion properties of silica nanoparticles in the organic/inorganic hybrid coatings, the surface of the nanoparticles was modified with γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane. The coating solution could be prepared by mixing modified silica nanoparticles, tetrasiloxane acrylate, di-acrylate monomer containing an anti-corrosion functional group, acrylic acid, and an initiator in a solvent. The mixture was then dip-coated on iron substrates and finally polymerized by ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Corrosion and scratch resistance of the coated iron was evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and a pencil hardness test, respectively. From the EIS results, the coatings with tetrasiloxane acrylate and di-acrylate did not show any decrease in impedance or phase angle, even after 50 days' exposure to 0.1 M NaCl electrolyte, whereas the conventional acrylate coatings started to fail after only 24 h. A hybrid coating containing the amine-quinone functional group exhibited excellent corrosion protection properties with 4-5H pencil hardness.

  12. Improvement of anti-corrosive property for alloy plated steel sheet by UV curable organic-inorganic hybrid coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to its merits about high curing speed and low emission of volatile organic compounds, UV curable inorganic-organic coating technology has been developed as an alternative for toxic and carcinogenic chromate-based treatments for years. It is consistently observed that ultra-thin films offer excellent corrosion protection as well as paint adhesion to metals. Based on the tetra-ethylorthosilicate(TEOS) and methacryloxypropyl trimethoxysilane(MPTMS), inorganic sol was synthesized and formed hybrid networks with UV curable acrylic monomer, 6-hexanediol diacrylate(HDDA), trimethylolpropane triacrylate(TMPTA), pentaer-ythritol triacrylate(PETA). Several methods were used to test their properties such as salt spray test, potentiodynamic measurement, tape peel test, etc. It was shown that anti-corrosive property and stability of storage were affected by the molecular ratios of inorganic and organic compounds. It was not only the stability of storage, but had a excellent anti-corrosive, paint adhesive, and anti-solvent properties in a final molar ratios of 0.6/0.04/0.86/0.005 (TEOS/MPTMS/Acetone/HNO3) and 0.08/0.106/0.081/0.02 (TMPTA/HDDA/PETA/photo initiator)

  13. Low-cost mussel inspired poly(catechol/polyamine) coating with superior anti-corrosion capability on copper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Junjie; Cai, Chao; Zhou, Zhou; Qian, Hui; Zha, Fanglin; Guo, Jing; Feng, Bing; He, Tiexiang; Zhao, Ning; Xu, Jian

    2016-02-01

    A low-cost mussel inspired approach was developed to produce anti-corrosion coating on copper substrate. Catechol (CA) and polyamine (PA) were spontaneously polymerized to form adhesive coating of poly(cetechol/polyamine) (P(CA/PA)) onto copper surface and then P(CA/PA) was grafted by 1-dodecanethiol. The SEM, contact angle, XPS, FTIR and TG results demonstrated the formation of uniform, compact and thermal stable coatings through multiple interactions and chemically grafting. Electrochemical tests indicated of Cu-P(CA/PA)-SH possessed a highest corrosion potential of -81mV, a lowest corrosion current density of 0.15μA/cm(2), and a highest coating resistance of 57.19kΩcm(2), and also exhibit great long-term stability whether in solution immersion or salt spray tests. The remarkable anti-corrosion capability of Cu-P(CA/PA)-SH could be ascribed to the synergistic effect of the hydrophobicity, good stability, and strong wet adhesion of the mussel-inspired coating. This study provides an effective and cheap way for material protection and may give inspiration in the fields of material, biology and medicine relating to surface and interface engineering. PMID:26524257

  14. Action mechanism of antioxidation and anticorrosion and molecular design for perfluoropolyether fluid additives (I) --Action mechanism of additive and property of donating-accepting electron

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The combination energy and chemical adsorption energy of N-substituted perfluoropoly- alkyletherphenylamide (PFPEA) additive to perfluoropolyalkylether oxygen radical (RfO.) and to Fe atom have been calculated by quantum chemical methods. Structural characteristics, action mechanism, property of donating-accepting electron and substituent effect for antioxidant and anticorrosive additive are investigated. It is found that HOMO of the additives is a p-molecular orbital with lone pair electron of heteroatom. The HOMO of PFPEA additive reacts with LUMO of Fe atom to result in chemical adsorption. The LUMO of additive can interact with the SOMO of RfO. and accept electron of RfO. to form stable addition product. The additives have the property of donating-accepting electron. The electron-releasing group, particularly, the phenyl group, introduced to N atom of phenylamide can increase the combination energy and chemical adsorption energy, and enhance the antioxidant and anticorrosive efficiency. The research achievements can provide useful information for the designing of new antioxidant and anticorrosive additive. Based on the calculated results, antioxidant and anticorrosive efficiency can be predicted roughly as the following order: compounds III>II>I>IV>V.

  15. Epoxy coatings for anticorrosion challenges: a link between chemistry and performance?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sauvant-Moynot, Valerie; Schweitzer, Sylvie; Grenier, Jacky; Duval, Sebastien [Institut Francais du Petrole, 1 et 4 avenue Bois Preau, 92450 Rueil-Malmaison (France)

    2004-07-01

    Epoxy coatings have been used extensively for pipeline protection in the oil and gas industries over the past decades. Thank to their outstanding adhesive properties, epoxy resins are classically used for external coating of offshore pipelines although cathodic protection is applied. They provide corrosion protection while being used as neat coating or as primer layer in a three-layer coating. Protection of internal pipelines devoted to gas transport is another application of epoxy coatings. Whatever the case, the choice of the right epoxy formulation should be adapted to the service conditions, namely exposition medium and temperature, in order to provide efficient and sustainable corrosion protection. Epoxy resins constitute a wide family and classical formulations may not fulfill the requirements of today's challenges: as pipelines are require d to operate in more and more difficult conditions, coatings are expected to function in higher temperature conditions; additionally, practical conditions such as temporary injection of methanol make the environmental exposure of the epoxy coating harsher. Therefore, there is a need of a better knowledge of technical performance and limitations of high temperature epoxy resins. This paper examined the influence of the epoxy network architecture on their protection properties and durability while exposed to distilled / sea water at 110 deg. C and to methanol at room temperature. The objective was to investigate the link between resin chemistry and final performance with respect to anticorrosion applications. Five epoxy resin formulations mixed in stoichiometric proportions were cured and post-cured to infinite extent in order to achieve densely cross-linked networks exhibiting controlled and reproducible architectures. Gravimetric and pressurised differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements were performed to evaluate the plasticization effect of both water and methanol on formulations under study. The related

  16. Spray-on superhydrophobic coatings with high mechanical durability for anti-corrosion and anti-soiling applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaeffer, Daniel A.; Polizos, Georgios; Smith, D. Barton; Rajic, Slobodan; Datskos, Panos G.; Hunter, Scott R.

    2014-10-01

    A superhydrophobic (SH) surface has many characteristics - of which are its self-cleaning and anti-corrosion functionalities - that are desirable across various industries. A superhydrophobic surface utilizes the right combination of surface chemistry and roughness that force water droplets to form high water contact angles (CA). This in turn allows droplets to easily roll off and pick up dirt and debris across the surface while also preventing water from penetrating the surface. We have developed a simple yet durable spray-on coating based on functionalized SiO2 nanoparticles that can easily be applied to surfaces including, but not limited to, optical sensors, photovoltaics, sights and lenses, textiles, construction materials, and electronic devices. In addition, these coatings exhibit practical mechanical and environmental durability that allow prolonged use of the coatings in harsh environments.

  17. An electrochemical method for evaluating the resistance to cathodic disbondment of anti-corrosion coatings on buried pipelines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Methods for evaluating the resistance to cathodic disbondment (RCD) of anti-corrosion coatings on buried pipelines were reviewed. It is obvious that these traditional cathodic disbondment tests (CDT) have some disadvantages and the evaluated results are only simple figures and always rely on the subjective experience of the operator. A new electrochemical method for evaluating the RCD of coatings, that is, the potentiostatic evaluation method (PEM), was developed and studied. During potentiostatic anodic polarization testing, the changes of stable polarization current of specimens before and after cathodic disbonding (CD) were measured,and the degree of cathodic disbondment of the coating was quantitatively evaluated, among which the equivalent cathodic disbonded distance △D was suggested as a parameter for evaluating the RCD. A series of testing parameters of the PEM were determined in these experiments.

  18. Development and evaluation of electroless Ag-PTFE composite coatings with anti-microbial and anti-corrosion properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Q.; Liu, Y.; Wang, C.

    2005-12-01

    Electroless Ag-polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) composite coatings were prepared on stainless steel sheets. The existence and distribution of PTFE in the coatings were analysed with an energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX). The contact angle values and surface energies of the Ag-PTFE coatings, silver coating, stainless steel, titanium and E. coli Rosetta were measured. The experimental results showed that stainless steel surfaces coated with Ag-PTFE reduced E. coli attachment by 94-98%, compared with silver coating, stainless steel or titanium surfaces. The anti-bacterial mechanism of the Ag-PTFE composite coatings was explained with the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory. The anticorrosion properties of the Ag-PTFE composite coatings in 0.9% NaCl solution were studied. The results showed that the corrosion resistance of the Ag-PTFE composite coatings was superior to that of stainless steel 316L.

  19. Modifying the TiAlZr biomaterial surface with coating, for a better anticorrosive and antibacterial performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper investigates the increase of anticorrosive and antimicrobial properties of a composite elaborated by coating TiAlZr with Ag nanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by reducing silver salts using NaBH4, and were characterized using dynamic light scattering instrument to determine the size distribution. The morphological and elemental analysis of Ag nanoparticles on the TiAlZr surface were performed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy disperse spectroscopy (EDS). Antibacterial activity was evaluated on the basis of the inhibition of the growth of Escherichia coli bacteria, and of the electrochemical parameters from dynamic polarization tests performed in Ringers bioliquid. An empirical model of antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles at biointerface in the presence of TiAlZr implant was discussed.

  20. Development of anti-corrosion coating on low activation materials against fluoridation and oxidation in Flibe blanket environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    W coating by vacuum plasma spray process and Cr coating by chromizing process were performed on fusion low activation materials, JLF-1 ferritic steel and NIFS-HEAT-2 vanadium alloy. The present study discusses feasibility of the coatings as anti-corrosion coating against fluoridation in Flibe for fusion low activation materials. Coatings were characterized by microstructural analysis and examination on chemical stability by corrosion tests. The corrosion tests were conducted with H2O-47% HF solution at RT and He-1% HF-0.06 H2O gas mixture at 823 K to simulate fluoridation and oxidation in Flibe. The coatings presented suppression of fluoride formation compared with JLF-1 or NIFS-HEAT-2, however weight loss due to WF6 formation was induced, and much Cr2O3 was formed.

  1. Application of the electrochemical noise method to evaluate the effectiveness of modification of zinc phosphate anticorrosion pigment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A variety of approaches have been proposed to achieve an enhancement regarding inhibitive performance of zinc phosphate (ZP) anticorrosion pigment. This work attempts to study behavior of zinc aluminum polyphosphate (ZAPP) representing modified zinc phosphate pigment through electrochemical techniques along with surface analysis. Analysis of the data obtained from electrochemical noise method revealed superiority of ZAPP compared to ZP. The amplitude of the current noise fluctuation and trend of noise resistance variation as well as shot noise theory suggested precipitation of a protective layer in the presence of ZAPP, restricting access of the aggressive species to the steel surface. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was employed to analyze the sample surface exposed to 3.5% NaCl solution containing modified pigment extract.

  2. Electrochemical synthesis and anticorrosive properties of Nafion-poly(aniline-co-o-aminophenol) coatings on stainless steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this work was to compare the electrochemical behavior and possible anticorrosive properties of composite with Nafion, poly(aniline-co-o-aminophenol) (P(An-co-OAP)) and polyaniline (PAn) films with those of corresponding simple films. The electrochemical synthesis of polymer films was carried out on stainless steel AISI 304 (SS) surfaces by using the cyclic potential sweep (CPS) deposition. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used for the characterization of the structure and morphology of deposited films. Evaluation of anticorrosive properties of films in 0.5 M H2SO4 without and with chlorides was achieved by monitoring the open circuit potential (EOC) of coated SS electrodes as well as by tracing the anodic current-potential polarization curves. These studies have shown that the SS remains in its passive state in the presence of polymer coatings. Composite with Nafion, P(An-co-OAP) and PAn films, keep their redox activity in chloride-containing acid solutions providing almost a complete protection of the SS substrate against pitting corrosion. These films prevent chloride exchange with solution because of the cation permselectivity of the Nafion membrane. The charge compensation during redox reactions occurs mainly by protons since sulfonate groups of Nafion act as dopants in composite films. The redox behavior of the Nafion-P(An-co-OAP) film is improved as compared with that of the Nafion-PAn film in both Cl--free and Cl--containing solutions. This behavior may be ascribed to the functional group -OH that facilitates charge compensation through proton during redox reactions

  3. Characteristics and anticorrosion performance of Fe-doped TiO2 films by liquid phase deposition method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Fe-doped TiO2 films were prepared by liquid phase deposition method. • Higher photoelectrochemical response was observed for the Fe-doped TiO2 film. • The sustained anticorrosion behavior for SUS304 stainless steel was observed. - Abstract: Fe-doped TiO2 thin films were fabricated by liquid phase deposition (LPD) method, using Fe(III) nitrate as both Fe element source and fluoride scavenger instead of commonly-used boric acid (H3BO3). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and UV–vis spectrum were employed to examine the effects of Fe element on morphology, structure and optical characteristics of TiO2 films. The as-prepared films were served as photoanode applied to photogenerated cathodic protection of SUS304 stainless steel (304SS). It was observed that the photoelectrochemical properties of the as-prepared films were enhanced with the addition of Fe element compared to the undoped TiO2 film. The highest photoactivity was achieved for Ti13Fe (Fe/Ti = 3 molar ratio) film prepared in precursor bath containing 0.02 M TiF4 + 0.06 M Fe(NO3)3 under white-light illumination. The effective anticorrosion behaviors can be attributed to the Fe element incorporation which decreases the probability of photogenerated charge-carrier recombination and extends the light response range of Fe-doped TiO2 films appeared to visible-light region

  4. Determination of coating thickness, homogeneity and selective component leaching of sour service anti-corrosion coatings on mild steel by synchrotron infrared microspectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, K.J.; Apelblat, Y.; Theriault, Y.; Webb, M.A. [Alberta Synchrotron Inst., Edmonton, AB (Canada); Michaelian, K.H. [Natural Resources Canada, Devon, AB (Canada). CANMET Energy Technology Centre

    2004-07-01

    Mild steel with a corrosion protection coating made up of fatty imidazoline and fatty acid mixtures was subjected to a synchrotron radiation source and a bench-top Globar source to obtain an infrared microscope spectra of the protective coating. The synchrotron infrared microspectroscopy offered higher spatial resolution than the bench-top microscope. The spectra revealed that the anti-corrosion coatings were not homogeneous, with wide range in thicknesses and a 1 to 5 per cent error in each thickness measurement. The data was used to determine the effect on coating homogeneity resulting from changes in the coating times as well as the coating composition. The selective leaching of components from the anti-corrosion coatings was determined from an analysis of the infrared spectra obtained before and after corrosion testing in sour brine solutions.

  5. Effect of polytetrafluoroethylene content on electrochemical anticorrosion behaviors of electroless deposited Ni-P and Ni-P-polytetrafluoroethylene coatings in seawater

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Jianfei; Tian Jintao, E-mail: jttian@ouc.edu.cn; Liu Xuezhong; Yin Yansheng; Wang Xin

    2011-07-01

    The Ni-P and Ni-P-polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coatings with various PTFE contents were electroless deposited on carbon steel and characterized through X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The microstructural morphologies of the coatings significantly varied with the PTFE content. As a result, the electrochemical anticorrosion capabilities were seriously decreased with the increase of the PTFE content. The coating with a trace PTFE (PTFE emulsion concentration of 0.2 mL/L in the plating bath) possessed excellent anticorrosion both in sterilized and unsterilized seawater which has been attributed to the absence of nano pores blocked by the incorporated trace PTFE nano particles.

  6. A preserving procedure for the anti-corrosive shielding in the H2O-H2S isotopic exchange installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The anti-corrosive protection of the H2O-H2S isotopic exchange installations consisting of an adherent deposition of iron sulfides, particularly pyrite and pyrotite, undergo at the contact with atmospheric air degrading processes which impair their protective role against the operation environment. Consequently, for long period of interruption, preserving measures should be provided. The procedure achieved and applied in the pilot installation of ICIS - Rm.Valcea consists in pressurization at 0.5 - 2 bar with nitrogen or hydrogen sulfide of the equipment, while the oxygen containing gases should not exceed a 0.1% volume. The experimental testing have determined that after an 1 year period the anti-corrosive protection do not undergo modifications in what concerns the morpho-structural characteristics of the passivating layers. This procedure is recommended for conserving the GS ROMAG installations over long periods

  7. Effect of polytetrafluoroethylene content on electrochemical anticorrosion behaviors of electroless deposited Ni-P and Ni-P-polytetrafluoroethylene coatings in seawater

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Ni-P and Ni-P-polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coatings with various PTFE contents were electroless deposited on carbon steel and characterized through X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The microstructural morphologies of the coatings significantly varied with the PTFE content. As a result, the electrochemical anticorrosion capabilities were seriously decreased with the increase of the PTFE content. The coating with a trace PTFE (PTFE emulsion concentration of 0.2 mL/L in the plating bath) possessed excellent anticorrosion both in sterilized and unsterilized seawater which has been attributed to the absence of nano pores blocked by the incorporated trace PTFE nano particles.

  8. Anticorrosion Coating of Carbon Nanotube/Polytetrafluoroethylene Composite Film on the Stainless Steel Bipolar Plate for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshiyuki Show; Toshimitsu Nakashima; Yuta Fukami

    2013-01-01

    Composite film of carbon nanotube (CNT) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was formed from dispersion fluids of CNT and PTFE. The composite film showed high electrical conductivity in the range of 0.1–13 S/cm and hydrophobic nature. This composite film was applied to stainless steel (SS) bipolar plates of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) as anticorrosion film. This coating decreased the contact resistance between the surface of the bipolar plate and the membrane electrode assemb...

  9. Facile fabrication of core–shell Pr6O11-ZnO modified silane coatings for anti-corrosion applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, we have developed a facile and inexpensive method to fabricate anti-corrosive and hydrophobic surface with hierarchical micro and nano structures. We demonstrate for the first time the use of praseodymium oxide doped zinc oxide (Pr6O11-ZnO) nanocomposites loaded in a hybrid sol–gel (SiOx/ZrOx) layer, to effectively protect the underlying steel substrate from corrosion attack. The influence of Pr6O11-ZnO gives the surprising aspects based on active anti-corrosion and hydrophobic coatings. The spherical SiO2 particles have been successfully coated with Pr6O11-ZnO layer through sol–gel process. The resulted SiO2@Pr6O11-ZnO core–shell was characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The barrier properties of the intact coatings were assessed by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The fabrication of SiO2@Pr6O11-ZnO shows dual properties of hydrophobic and anti-corrosion micro/nanostructured sol–gel coatings follows a single/simple step coating procedure. This study has led to a better understanding factor influencing the anti-corrosion performance with embedded nanocomposites. These developments are particularly for silane network@ Pr6O11-ZnO for self-healing and self-cleaning behavior which can be designed for new protective coating system.

  10. Facile fabrication of core–shell Pr{sub 6}O{sub 11}-ZnO modified silane coatings for anti-corrosion applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeeva Jothi, K.; Palanivelu, K., E-mail: kpalanivelucipet@gmail.com

    2014-01-01

    In this work, we have developed a facile and inexpensive method to fabricate anti-corrosive and hydrophobic surface with hierarchical micro and nano structures. We demonstrate for the first time the use of praseodymium oxide doped zinc oxide (Pr{sub 6}O{sub 11}-ZnO) nanocomposites loaded in a hybrid sol–gel (SiO{sub x}/ZrO{sub x}) layer, to effectively protect the underlying steel substrate from corrosion attack. The influence of Pr{sub 6}O{sub 11}-ZnO gives the surprising aspects based on active anti-corrosion and hydrophobic coatings. The spherical SiO{sub 2} particles have been successfully coated with Pr{sub 6}O{sub 11}-ZnO layer through sol–gel process. The resulted SiO{sub 2}@Pr{sub 6}O{sub 11}-ZnO core–shell was characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The barrier properties of the intact coatings were assessed by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The fabrication of SiO{sub 2}@Pr{sub 6}O{sub 11}-ZnO shows dual properties of hydrophobic and anti-corrosion micro/nanostructured sol–gel coatings follows a single/simple step coating procedure. This study has led to a better understanding factor influencing the anti-corrosion performance with embedded nanocomposites. These developments are particularly for silane network@ Pr{sub 6}O{sub 11}-ZnO for self-healing and self-cleaning behavior which can be designed for new protective coating system.

  11. Facile fabrication of core-shell Pr6O11-ZnO modified silane coatings for anti-corrosion applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeeva Jothi, K.; Palanivelu, K.

    2014-01-01

    In this work, we have developed a facile and inexpensive method to fabricate anti-corrosive and hydrophobic surface with hierarchical micro and nano structures. We demonstrate for the first time the use of praseodymium oxide doped zinc oxide (Pr6O11-ZnO) nanocomposites loaded in a hybrid sol-gel (SiOx/ZrOx) layer, to effectively protect the underlying steel substrate from corrosion attack. The influence of Pr6O11-ZnO gives the surprising aspects based on active anti-corrosion and hydrophobic coatings. The spherical SiO2 particles have been successfully coated with Pr6O11-ZnO layer through sol-gel process. The resulted SiO2@Pr6O11-ZnO core-shell was characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The barrier properties of the intact coatings were assessed by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The fabrication of SiO2@Pr6O11-ZnO shows dual properties of hydrophobic and anti-corrosion micro/nanostructured sol-gel coatings follows a single/simple step coating procedure. This study has led to a better understanding factor influencing the anti-corrosion performance with embedded nanocomposites. These developments are particularly for silane network@ Pr6O11-ZnO for self-healing and self-cleaning behavior which can be designed for new protective coating system.

  12. Preparation of silver-cuprous oxide/stearic acid composite coating with superhydrophobicity on copper substrate and evaluation of its friction-reducing and anticorrosion abilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A simple two-step solution immersion process was combined with surface-modification by stearic acid to prepare superhydrophobic coatings on copper substrates so as to reduce friction coefficient, increase wear resistance and improve the anticorrosion ability of copper. Briefly, cuprous oxide (Cu2O) crystal coating with uniform and compact tetrahedron structure was firstly created by immersing copper substrate in 2 mol L−1 NaOH solution. As-obtained Cu2O coating was then immersed in 0.33 mmol L−1 AgNO3 solution to incorporate silver nanoparticles, followed by modification with stearic acid (denoted as SA) coating to achieve hydrophobicity. The surface morphology and chemical composition of silver-cuprous oxide/stearic acid (denoted as Ag-Cu2O/SA) composite coating were investigated using a scanning electron microscope and an X-ray photoelectron spectroscope (XPS); and its phase structure was examined with an X-ray diffractometer (XRD). Moreover, the contact angle of water on as-prepared Ag-Cu2O/SA composite coating was measured, and its friction-reducing and anticorrosion abilities were evaluated. It was found that as-prepared Ag-Cu2O/SA composite coating has a water contact angle of as high as 152.4o and can provide effective friction-reducing, wear protection and anticorrosion protection for copper substrate, showing great potential for surface-modification of copper.

  13. Investigation on microstructural, anti-corrosion and mechanical properties of doped Zn–Al–SnO2 metal matrix composite coating on mild steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Properties of nanocomposite Zn–Al coating containing SnO2 nanoparticles. • The morphology and structure of the coating were analysed. • The anticorrosion activities of the coating prepared. • The mechanical properties were found to improve with the amount of the SnO2 embedded. - Abstract: In this study, the microstructural, mechanical and anti-corrosion properties of nanocomposite Zn–Al coating containing SnO2 nanoparticles prepared from sulphates electrolyte by electrodeposition on mild steel substrate was investigated. The morphologies of the coating were analysed using SEM/EDS, AFM Raman and X-ray diffraction. The anticorrosion behaviour of the coating prepared with different concentrations of SnO2 (7 and 13 g/L) and potential of (0.3 and 0.5 V) was examined in 3.65% NaCl solution by using linear polarization techniques. The wear and hardness properties of the coatings were performed under accelerated reciprocating dry sliding wear tests and diamond micro-hardness tester respectively. The results obtained showed that the incorporation of SnO2 in the plating bath brings an increase in corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of Zn–Al–SnO2 composite coatings. The SEM images showed a homogeneous grain structure and finer morphology of the coatings. The hardness values was found to improve with the amount of the SnO2 embedded into the Zn–Al metal deposit and effective deposition parameters

  14. Large-scale fabrication of superhydrophobic polyurethane/nano-Al2O3 coatings by suspension flame spraying for anti-corrosion applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiuyong; Yuan, Jianhui; Huang, Jing; Ren, Kun; Liu, Yi; Lu, Shaoyang; Li, Hua

    2014-08-01

    This study aims to further enhance the anti-corrosion performances of Al coatings by constructing superhydrophobic surfaces. The Al coatings were initially arc-sprayed onto steel substrates, followed by deposition of polyurethane (PU)/nano-Al2O3 composites by a suspension flame spraying process. Large-scale corrosion-resistant superhydrophobic PU/nano-Al2O3-Al coatings were successfully fabricated. The coatings showed tunable superhydrophilicity/superhydrophobicity as achieved by changing the concentration of PU in the starting suspension. The layer containing 2.0 wt.%PU displayed excellent hydrophobicity with the contact angle of ∼151° and the sliding angle of ∼6.5° for water droplets. The constructed superhydrophobic coatings showed markedly improved anti-corrosion performances as assessed by electrochemical corrosion testing carried out in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution. The PU/nano-Al2O3-Al coatings with superhydrophobicity and competitive anti-corrosion performances could be potentially used as protective layers for marine infrastructures. This study presents a promising approach for fabricatiing superhydrophobic coatings for corrosion-resistant applications.

  15. Influence of anti-corrosion additive on the performance, emission and engine component wear characteristics of an IDI diesel engine fueled with palm biodiesel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Maximum engine performance was obtained at 2000 rpm for all fuel blends. • IRGALUBE 349 additive is enhances diesel engine performance. • Reduction of CO and NOx considerably using anti-corrosion additive except HC. • Engine wear decreases with using blended fuels with anti-corrosion additive. - Abstract: This study evaluates the effect of anti-corrosion additives such as 8% and 16% (vol.%) palm olein oil (PO) with ordinary diesel (OD) fuel on engine operation, emission behavior, engine part wear, and lubrication characteristics. This experiment was conducted on 4-cylinder and 4-stroke IDI diesel engine at different engine speed ranging from 1200 to 2800 RPM with 30% throttle setting under full load condition. The properties of the palm olein oil blends meet the ASTM D6751 and EN 14214 standards. At 2000 rpm, the experimental results revealed that the POD8A (0.2% Additive + 8% PO + 92% OD) and POD16A (0.2% Additive + 16% PO + 84% OD) blended fuels produced 0.5% and 0.51% higher brake power as well as 1.45% and 1.25% higher torque than same blends without additive, respectively. In comparison with ODF, the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) was found 1.8% and 3.1% higher for POD8A and POD16A blends, respectively. Anti-corrosion additive is found more effectual in enhancing the engine performance as such additive helps in timely ignition for complete burn in the combustion chamber. The results from engine emission indicated that POD8A and POD16A blended fuel reduced CO emissions by 11% and 6.6% and NOx emission by 2.5% and 1.09%, respectively in compared with OD fuel. Although HC emissions for all blended fuel and OD fuel increased at higher engine speed, the average HC emissions of all blended fuel were not higher than OD fuel. The application of anti-corrosion additives in POD blends reduced ferrous (Fe) wear debris concentration (WBC) by 17.3%. The reductions in WBC were about 16.1%, 10.8%, and 19.3%, 17.6% for copper (Cu) and aluminum

  16. Effects of tungsten contents on the microstructure, mechanical and anticorrosion properties of Zr–W–Ti thin film metallic glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While thin film metallic glass (TFMG) materials have been studied widely due to their easy fabrication process and unique properties, the W-based or W-containing TFMGs have yet to be explored extensively. In this work, four W-containing Zr–W–Ti TFMGs were fabricated by a magnetron co-sputtering system. The power of W target was adjusted to obtain TFMGs with different W concentrations. The amorphous phase of TFMG was determined by X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. In cross-sectional morphologies, a vein fracture pattern was observed using field-emission scanning electron microscopy. Although the hardness of W-containing Zr–W–Ti TFMG was not very high, the hardness of coating increased with increasing W content to reach 7.6 GPa. Good adhesion quality and adequate corrosion resistance were also obtained for each Zr–W–Ti TFMGs. - Highlights: • Four Zr–W–Ti thin film metallic glasses (TFMGs) were grown by a magnetron co-sputtering unit. • The W content of TFMGs ranges from 20.0 to 31.5 at.%. • The hardness of TFMGs increases with W content and reaches 7.6 GPa. • Good adhesion and anti-corrosion properties are found for Zr–W–Ti TFMGs

  17. 遗体防腐处理方法%The Methods for Mortal Remains Anti-corrosion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      为了促进医学教学与遗体器官捐献事业发展,我国已经在中国红十字会的引领下开展遗体捐献与接收工作。本文叙述遗体接收利用单位对遗体的防腐处理方法,在处理过程中可能遇到的问题与处理方式。期待更多医疗卫生相关单位掌握防腐处理技术,促进我国遗体捐献工作。%In order to promote the development of medical teach-ing and organ donation of the body, we have carried out under the lead of the Red Cross Society of China remains donation and re-ceipt of work. This article describes receiving unit for anticorro-sion treatment of the remains of the body, and may encounter problems during the process and approach. Looking forward to more access to preservative treatment technology of medical and health, promoting body donation in China.

  18. Scratch Cell Test: A Simple, Cost Effective Screening Tool to Evaluate Self-Healing in Anti-Corrosion Coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rani, Amitha; Somaiah, Durga; Megha; Poddar, Mitalee

    2014-09-01

    A quick and simple scratch cell set up to evaluate the self-healing of an hybrid sol-gel (ormosil) coating was fabricated. This methacrylate-based anti-corrosion coating was applied on the aerospace aluminium alloy AA2024-T3, and cured at room temperature. This technique of evaluation requires minimum instrumentation. The inhibitors cerium nitrate, benzotriazole and 8-hydroxy quinoline (8-HQ) were used in the study. The self-healing ability of the inhibitors decreased in the following order: 8-HQ, BTZ and Ce. 8-HQ showed the highest self-healing ability and was comparable to the commercial hexavalent chromium conversion coating—Alodine. Spectroscopic analysis of the electrolyte and EDX of the coatings indicated the movement of the inhibitor from the coating to the site of damage, thereby effecting self-healing. It was observed that an increased inhibitor concentration in the coatings did not accelerate the healing process. Inhibitor release was slower in the coatings doped with inhibitor-loaded nano-containers, when compared to inhibitor-spiked coatings. This property of controlled release is desirable in self-healing coatings. Electro impedance studies further confirmed self-healing efficiency of the coatings. The scratch cell study reported here is the first of its kind with the ormosil under study on AA2024-T3 aluminium alloy. The results are encouraging and warranty a quick and simple qualitative screening of the self-healing potential of the inhibitors with minimum instrumentation.

  19. Effects of tungsten contents on the microstructure, mechanical and anticorrosion properties of Zr–W–Ti thin film metallic glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Jen-Chun [Department of Materials Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei, Taiwan (China); Lee, Jyh-Wei, E-mail: jefflee@mail.mcut.edu.tw [Department of Materials Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei, Taiwan (China); Center for Thin Films Technologies and Applications, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Lou, Bih-Show [Chemistry Division, Center for General Education, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Li, Chia-Lin [Graduate Institute of Applied Science and Technology, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chu, Jinn P. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2015-06-01

    While thin film metallic glass (TFMG) materials have been studied widely due to their easy fabrication process and unique properties, the W-based or W-containing TFMGs have yet to be explored extensively. In this work, four W-containing Zr–W–Ti TFMGs were fabricated by a magnetron co-sputtering system. The power of W target was adjusted to obtain TFMGs with different W concentrations. The amorphous phase of TFMG was determined by X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. In cross-sectional morphologies, a vein fracture pattern was observed using field-emission scanning electron microscopy. Although the hardness of W-containing Zr–W–Ti TFMG was not very high, the hardness of coating increased with increasing W content to reach 7.6 GPa. Good adhesion quality and adequate corrosion resistance were also obtained for each Zr–W–Ti TFMGs. - Highlights: • Four Zr–W–Ti thin film metallic glasses (TFMGs) were grown by a magnetron co-sputtering unit. • The W content of TFMGs ranges from 20.0 to 31.5 at.%. • The hardness of TFMGs increases with W content and reaches 7.6 GPa. • Good adhesion and anti-corrosion properties are found for Zr–W–Ti TFMGs.

  20. Development of Castor oil Modified Epoxy Polyurethane Anti-corrosion Coatings%蓖麻油改性环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李阳

    2012-01-01

    A kind of castor oil-modified epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating was introduced. Castor oil modified isocyanate prepolymer and epoxy resin were used as basic materials,cheap talc, titanium dioxide, precipitated barium sulfate were used as pigment and filler , a kind of low cost and excellent performance anti-corrosion coating was developed. The performance of the coating developed under optimized conditions was detected. Castor oil modified epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating and epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating were compared. The results show that castor oil modified epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating is better than epoxy polyurethane anti-corrosion coating in the aspects of acid - resistant, alkali - resistant and seawater - resistant.%介绍了一种蓖麻油改性的环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料、以蓖麻油改性异氰酸酯预聚物和环氧树脂为基料,以价格较为低廉的滑石粉、钛白粉、沉淀硫酸钡为颜填料制备了成本较低,件能较为优异的防腐蚀涂料.检测了优化条件下制备的涂料的性能.以蓖麻油改性环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料和未经蓖麻油改件的环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料进行防腐蚀性能对比,蓖麻油改性环氧聚氨酯防腐蚀涂料的耐酸、碱、盐水等防腐蚀性能更好.

  1. Mechanism of (NH4)S2O8 to enhance the anti-corrosion performance of Mo-Ce inhibitor on X80 steel in acid solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The 1000 mg/L Na2MoO4 and 500 mg/L Ce(NO3)3 has best synergistic effect. • The (NH4)2S2O8 made the valence transformation of cerium (Ce3+ → Ce4+) come true. • The anti-corrosion performance of Mo-Ce inhibitor was improved by (NH4)2S2O8. • The coordination ability of inhibitor complexes was improved by (NH4)2S2O8. • The bonding force and adsorption between inhibitor and steel surface was enhanced. - Abstract: Ce(NO3)3 and Na2MoO4 are adopted to form (Mo-Ce) composite corrosion inhibitor in allusion to the corrosion problem of steel in acidic conditions. The experimental results showed that the anticorrosion effects were enhanced and the inhibition efficiencies were increased by (NH4)2S2O8. The reason of enhancement is the increase of coordination bonds amount between Ce4+ and MoO42−, the augment of combining sites of interface between anti-corrosion film and steel, and the reinforce of adsorption caused by the transformation of Ce3+ to Ce4+ by oxidants. The process and conditions for transformation of Ce3+ to Ce4+ and formation of complexes are discussed. The related thermodynamic and kinetic parameters are calculated and the possibility for (NH4)2S2O8 to improve the performance of Mo-Ce corrosion inhibitor is proved

  2. Investigation on microstructural, anti-corrosion and mechanical properties of doped Zn–Al–SnO{sub 2} metal matrix composite coating on mild steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fayomi, O.S.I., E-mail: ojosundayfayomi3@gmail.com [Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, P.M.B. X680, Pretoria (South Africa); Department of Mechanical Engineering, Covenant University, P.M.B 1023, Ota, Ogun State (Nigeria); Popoola, A.P.I. [Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, P.M.B. X680, Pretoria (South Africa); Aigbodion, V.S. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Nigeria, Nsukka (Nigeria)

    2015-02-25

    Highlights: • Properties of nanocomposite Zn–Al coating containing SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles. • The morphology and structure of the coating were analysed. • The anticorrosion activities of the coating prepared. • The mechanical properties were found to improve with the amount of the SnO{sub 2} embedded. - Abstract: In this study, the microstructural, mechanical and anti-corrosion properties of nanocomposite Zn–Al coating containing SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared from sulphates electrolyte by electrodeposition on mild steel substrate was investigated. The morphologies of the coating were analysed using SEM/EDS, AFM Raman and X-ray diffraction. The anticorrosion behaviour of the coating prepared with different concentrations of SnO{sub 2} (7 and 13 g/L) and potential of (0.3 and 0.5 V) was examined in 3.65% NaCl solution by using linear polarization techniques. The wear and hardness properties of the coatings were performed under accelerated reciprocating dry sliding wear tests and diamond micro-hardness tester respectively. The results obtained showed that the incorporation of SnO{sub 2} in the plating bath brings an increase in corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of Zn–Al–SnO{sub 2} composite coatings. The SEM images showed a homogeneous grain structure and finer morphology of the coatings. The hardness values was found to improve with the amount of the SnO{sub 2} embedded into the Zn–Al metal deposit and effective deposition parameters.

  3. Preparation of silver-cuprous oxide/stearic acid composite coating with superhydrophobicity on copper substrate and evaluation of its friction-reducing and anticorrosion abilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Peipei [Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Special Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004 (China); Chen, Xinhua [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xuchang University, Xuchang 461000 (China); Yang, Guangbin; Yu, Laigui [Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Special Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004 (China); Zhang, Pingyu, E-mail: pingyu@henu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Special Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004 (China)

    2014-01-15

    A simple two-step solution immersion process was combined with surface-modification by stearic acid to prepare superhydrophobic coatings on copper substrates so as to reduce friction coefficient, increase wear resistance and improve the anticorrosion ability of copper. Briefly, cuprous oxide (Cu{sub 2}O) crystal coating with uniform and compact tetrahedron structure was firstly created by immersing copper substrate in 2 mol L{sup −1} NaOH solution. As-obtained Cu{sub 2}O coating was then immersed in 0.33 mmol L{sup −1} AgNO{sub 3} solution to incorporate silver nanoparticles, followed by modification with stearic acid (denoted as SA) coating to achieve hydrophobicity. The surface morphology and chemical composition of silver-cuprous oxide/stearic acid (denoted as Ag-Cu{sub 2}O/SA) composite coating were investigated using a scanning electron microscope and an X-ray photoelectron spectroscope (XPS); and its phase structure was examined with an X-ray diffractometer (XRD). Moreover, the contact angle of water on as-prepared Ag-Cu{sub 2}O/SA composite coating was measured, and its friction-reducing and anticorrosion abilities were evaluated. It was found that as-prepared Ag-Cu{sub 2}O/SA composite coating has a water contact angle of as high as 152.4{sup o} and can provide effective friction-reducing, wear protection and anticorrosion protection for copper substrate, showing great potential for surface-modification of copper.

  4. Al/Al2O3 Composite Coating Deposited by Flame Spraying for Marine Applications: Alumina Skeleton Enhances Anti-Corrosion and Wear Performances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jing; Liu, Yi; Yuan, Jianhui; Li, Hua

    2014-04-01

    Here we report aluminum-alumina composite coatings fabricated by flame spraying for potential marine applications against both corrosion and wear. Microstructure examination suggested dense coating structures and the evenly distributed alumina splats formed hard skeleton connecting individual Al splats. The anti-corrosion and wear performance of the coatings were enhanced significantly by the addition of alumina. Failure analyses of the coatings after accelerated corrosion testing disclosed the intact alumina skeleton, which prevented further advancement of the corrosion. The results suggest that there is great potential for the cost-effective Al-Al2O3 coatings with tailorable alumina contents for application in the marine environment.

  5. Anti-corrosive Effects of Multi-Walled Carbon Nano Tube and Zinc Particle Shapes on Zinc Ethyl Silicate Coated Carbon Steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, JiMan; Shon, MinYoung; Kwak, SamTak [Pukyong National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-01-15

    Zinc ethyl silicate coatings containing multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared, to which we added spherical and flake shaped zinc particles. The anti-corrosive effects of MWCNTs and zinc shapes on the zinc ethyl silicate coated carbon steel was examined, using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and corrosion potential measurement. The results of EIS and corrosion potential measurement showed that the zinc ethyl silicate coated with flake shaped zinc particles and MWCNT showed lesser protection to corrosion. These outcomes were in agreement with previous results of corrosion potential and corrosion occurrence.

  6. ANTICORROSION PROPERTIES OF EPOXY/GLASS FIBER COATINGS%玻璃纤维/环氧复合涂层耐腐蚀性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝永胜; 刘福春; 史洪微; 韩恩厚

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the influence of ultra-fine glass fiber on the coating properties. Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A and diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-F epoxy resins were used as film former. Salt spray test and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were employed to characterize the anticorrosion properties of the coatings. Experimental results indicate that the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A epoxy resin can improve the coating hardness, while the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-F epoxy resin has better anticorrosion properties.%研究了超细玻璃纤维对双酚A型(E44)和双酚F型(DER354)环氧树脂涂层体系力学性能和耐腐蚀性能的影响。通过盐雾试验和电化学阻抗谱(EIS)研究了涂层的耐腐蚀性。结果表明在双酚A和双酚F环氧树脂组成的涂料体系中,双酚A环氧树脂能够提高涂层的硬度,而双酚F环氧树脂能够提高涂层的耐腐蚀性。

  7. Adsorption of alginate and albumin on aluminum coatings inhibits adhesion of Escherichia coli and enhances the anti-corrosion performances of the coatings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Xiaoyan; Liu, Yi; Huang, Jing; Chen, Xiuyong; Ren, Kun; Li, Hua, E-mail: lihua@nimte.ac.cn

    2015-03-30

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Adsorption behaviors of alginate and albumin on Al coatings were investigated at molecular level. • The adsorption inhibits effectively the colonization of Escherichia coli bacteria. • The adsorption alters the wettability of the Al coatings. • The conditioning layer enhances anti-corrosion performances of the Al coatings. - Abstract: Thermal-sprayed aluminum coatings have been extensively used as protective layers against corrosion for steel structures in the marine environment. The corrosion usually deteriorates from marine biofouling, yet the mechanism of accelerated corrosion of the coatings remains elusive. As the first stage participating in biofouling process, adsorption of molecules plays critical roles in mediating formation of biofilm. Here, we report at molecular level the adsorption behaviors of albumin and marine polysaccharide on arc-sprayed aluminum coatings and their influence on adhesion of Escherichia coli. The adsorption of alginate and albumin was characterized by infrared spectra analyses and atomic force microscopic observation. The adsorption inhibits effectively adhesion of the bacteria. Further investigation indicates that alginate/albumin altered the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the coatings instead of impacting the survival of the bacteria to decline their adhesion. The conditioning layer composed of the molecules enhances anti-corrosion performances of the coatings.

  8. Estudio de las Propiedades Anticorrosivas del Benzoato de Hierro (III en Pinturas Base Solvente Study of Anticorrosive Properties of the Iron (III Benzoate in Solvent Based Paints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Blustein

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La acción inhibidora del benzoato de hierro en electrodos de acero SAE 1010 en contacto con una suspensión acuosa fue estudiada mediante ensayos electroquímicos. Paralelamente, la eficiencia anticorrosiva de este producto incorporado a cubiertas orgánicas base solvente fue evaluada mediante ensayos de envejecimiento acelerado (cámara de niebla salina y de humedad. La evolución del comportamiento protector de la cubierta aplicada sobre paneles de acero pintados e inmersos en una solución 0.5M de NaClO4 fue periódicamente monitoreada por espectroscopía de impedancia electroquímica. Los resultados obtenidos indican que las pinturas formuladas con benzoato férrico presentan una capacidad anticorrosiva comparable a las formuladas con fosfato de cinc.This study investigated the inhibitory action of iron benzoate on SAE 1010 steel electrodes in aqueous suspensions using electrochemical assays. The anticorrosive efficiency of this product added to organic solvent-based coatings was also evaluated by means of accelerated weathering tests (salt spray cabinet and humidity chamber. The evolution of the protective behavior of the coating applied on steel panels and immersed in 0.5M NaClO4 solution was periodically checked by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results obtained showed that paints formulated with ferric benzoate provide anticorrosive protection similar to those formulated with zinc phosphate.

  9. Experimental Research on GIS Anticorrosion in Marine/Coastal Substation%海上/沿海变电站GIS设备防腐试验及研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江玉蓉; 王霄峰; 符杨; 葛红花

    2012-01-01

    海上或沿海变电站气体绝缘开关设备(GIS)长期在高温高湿的海洋环境下,其外壳多采用铝合金及防腐涂层,它们的耐腐蚀性可满足陆上输变电的要求,这些材料及涂层是否满足海洋大气环境的耐腐蚀要求需要进行研究。利用盐雾试验箱对GIS铝合金封板进行耐盐雾腐蚀性能的检测,并最终做出评价。%Due to the long-term exposure to the oceanic atmosphere with high temperature and humidity,the Gas insulated switchgears(GIS) in marine or coastal substations require aluminum alloy and anticorrosion coating to be applied to their surface.Although their corrosion resistance is reliable to power transmission on the land,it needs further research to determine whether it can stand the oceanic environment.In this paper,the anticorrosion properties of GIS aluminum alloy sealing plate are measured by the salt spray test,and thereby their corrosion resistance to oceanic atmosphere is evaluated.

  10. The influence of liquid Pb-Bi on the anti-corrosion behavior of Fe3O4: a first-principles study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dongdong; Qu, Bingyan; He, H Y; Zhang, Y G; Xu, Yichun; Pan, B C; Zhou, Rulong

    2016-03-01

    In this work, the influence of Pb and Bi atoms on the anti-corrosion behavior of the oxide film (Fe3O4) formed on steel surface is investigated based on first-principles calculations. Through calculations of the formation energies, we find that Pb and Bi atoms can promote the formation of point defects, such as interstitial atoms and vacancies in Fe3O4. Besides, the effects of the concentration of Pb (or Bi) and pressure on the formation of these defects are also studied. Our results depict that a high density of Pb (or Bi) and compression pressure can promote the formation of defects in Fe3O4 significantly. Furthermore, the energy barriers for Pb and Bi atom migration in Fe3O4 are also estimated using the climbing image nudge elastic band (CI-NEB) method, which implies that Pb and Bi can diffuse more easily in Fe3O4 compared to Fe. Our results reveal the underlying mechanism of how Pb and Bi influence the anti-corrosion ability of oxide films in an accelerate driven system (ADS). It is instructive for improving the corrosion resistance of the oxide films in the ADS. PMID:26912208

  11. [Volume chemistry-ultraviolet spectrum differential method for determining the oxygen content in anti-corrosion copper powder with surface film consisting of benzotriazole].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tai-ming; Ding, Feng; Liang, Yi-zeng

    2006-11-01

    A method for determining the oxygen content in anti-corrosion copper powder with benzotriazole inhibitor surface film was established and the ultraviolet spectra of benzotriazole under various conditions were studied. The maximum absorption was at lamdamax=273 nm, and the temperature did not influence the absorption intensity at normal temperature. The linear range of concentration was 0-2.2 microg x mL(-1), the detection limit was 0.02 microg x mL(-1), and the apparent molar absorptivity of benzotriazole was epsilon = 5.41 x 10(4) L x mol(-1) x cm(-1) at 273 nm. Because the anti-corrosion copper powder consisted of copper metal, copper oxide and benzotriazole protecting film, the Cu and BTA contents of the powder were determined through EDTA titration and ultraviolet spectrophotometry, respectively, after the samples were decomposed with HCl and H2O2, and the oxygen content of the powder was calculated by differential method. The instruments are simple, the method is economical, and the manipulation is convenient. The standard deviation is 1.7%, and the differentiation coefficient is 7.6%. In conjunction with the application of the national standard method, the oxygen contents before and after the formation of the protecting film of the electrolyte copper powder were comparatively analyzed with satisfactory results. PMID:17260767

  12. Adsorption of alginate and albumin on aluminum coatings inhibits adhesion of Escherichia coli and enhances the anti-corrosion performances of the coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Adsorption behaviors of alginate and albumin on Al coatings were investigated at molecular level. • The adsorption inhibits effectively the colonization of Escherichia coli bacteria. • The adsorption alters the wettability of the Al coatings. • The conditioning layer enhances anti-corrosion performances of the Al coatings. - Abstract: Thermal-sprayed aluminum coatings have been extensively used as protective layers against corrosion for steel structures in the marine environment. The corrosion usually deteriorates from marine biofouling, yet the mechanism of accelerated corrosion of the coatings remains elusive. As the first stage participating in biofouling process, adsorption of molecules plays critical roles in mediating formation of biofilm. Here, we report at molecular level the adsorption behaviors of albumin and marine polysaccharide on arc-sprayed aluminum coatings and their influence on adhesion of Escherichia coli. The adsorption of alginate and albumin was characterized by infrared spectra analyses and atomic force microscopic observation. The adsorption inhibits effectively adhesion of the bacteria. Further investigation indicates that alginate/albumin altered the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the coatings instead of impacting the survival of the bacteria to decline their adhesion. The conditioning layer composed of the molecules enhances anti-corrosion performances of the coatings

  13. Research Progress of High Performance Anticorrosive and Antifouling Warship Coatings%舰船高性能防腐蚀防污涂料研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶章基; 王晶晶; 蔺存国; 陈光章; 李瑛; 吴建华

    2014-01-01

    The development history and research status of marine anticorrosive and antifouling coating were introduced briefly.The latest research progresses of high performance anticorrosive and antifouling warship coatings were discussed emphatically.Self-polishing antifouling coatings based on acrylic acid zinc,acrylic acid copper and acrylic acid silane have been used widely after organictin self-polishing being prohibited.The technologies based on biocide grafting,degrad-able resin and surface micro-structure are the topic research in antifouling coating.The relationships between structure and degradation properties,mechanical properties of the degradable resin were discussed in detail.The relationships between surface mico-structure and antifouling properties of the fouling release coating were also discussed.The development direc-tions of anticorrosive coating are solventless (or high solid content)and long-term service with more and more strict envi-ronmental protection laws.This paper reported a method for improving wet adhesion and compactness,which can greatly improve mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of anticorrosive coatings.These anticorrosive and antifouling coat-ings meet the development needs of the ocean liner and deep-sea equipments.%简要论述了海洋防腐蚀防污涂料的发展历史和研究现状,重点论述了舰船高性能防腐蚀防污涂料的最新研究进展。有机锡自抛光防污涂料被禁止使用之后,基于丙烯酸锌、丙烯酸铜和丙烯酸硅烷酯的自抛光防污涂料得到了广泛应用。基于含防污功能基团树脂的防污涂料、基于降解树脂的防污涂料以及基于表面结构特性的防污涂料技术成为当前防污涂料研究的热点。文中详细报道了降解树脂的结构对降解性能及力学性能影响规律,以及表面结构特性对污损释放型防污涂料防污性能的影响规律。随着环境保护法规的日趋严格,防腐蚀涂料向无溶剂

  14. Smart pigging - a contribution to the monitoring of the anti-corrosion protection systems on pig-inspectable high-pressure gas transmission pipelines; Intelligente Molchung - ein Beitrag zur Ueberwachung des Korrosionsschutzes molchbarer Gashochdruckleitungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahlers, M.; Schoeneich, H.G. [Ruhrgas AG, Essen (Germany). Kompetenz-Center Korrosionsschutz

    2000-07-01

    High-pressure gas transmission pipelines installed underground are exposed to the risk of external corrosion. The application of a sheathing (passive protection) and, since the 1950s, the installation of a cathodic anti-corrosion protection system, provide pipelines with effective protection against this danger. In the past, the effectiveness of cathodic anti-corrosion protection systems was verified by means of intensive measuring and re-measuring cycles. It became apparent that points of damage to the sheathing were protected in the majority of cases against corrosion by the cathodic anti-corrosion protection system. There are, however, particular design circumstances and ambient conditions which can make this anti-corrosion protection concept either partially or completely ineffective. The use of smart pigs for inspection of pig-inspectable gas transmission pipelines makes it possible to detect and eliminate these weak points. (orig.) [German] Gashochdruckleitungen, die im Erdboden verlegt werden, unterliegen einer Gefaehrdung durch Aussenkorrosion. Durch eine Umhuellung (passiver Schutz) und seit den 50er Jahren durch die Einrichtung des kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes (aktiver Schutz) sind die Leitungen gegen diese Gefaehrdung wirkungsvoll geschuetzt. In der Vergangenheit wurde die Ueberpruefung der Wirksamkeit des kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes durch Intensivmessungen und Nachmessungen sichergestellt. Dabei zeigte sich, dass in der ueberwiegenden Zahl Umhuellungsbeschaedigungen durch den kathodischen Korrosionsschutz gegen Korrosion geschuetzt sind. Es gibt jedoch besondere konstruktive oder Umgebungsbedingungen, die dieses Korrosionsschuzkonzept teilweise oder vollstaendig unwirksam werden lassen. Mit dem Einsatz von intelligenten Molchen zur Inspektion molchbarer Gastransportleitungen koennen diese Schwachstellen erkannt und beseitigt werden. (orig.)

  15. Present Status and Research Progress of Anti-corrosion Technology in Pipeline%管道内防腐技术现状与研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵帅; 兰伟

    2015-01-01

    介绍了石油管道内溶解氧、二氧化碳、硫化氢、以及二氧化碳和硫化氢协同腐蚀的机理. 综述了油气管道内防腐技术,现阶段主要的处理方式是选择耐蚀金属材料或非金属材料、添加缓蚀剂、涂层防腐和衬里防腐. 分析了各种内防腐技术的优缺点,认为管道内防腐在未来的发展方向是将基材选择、添加缓蚀剂、内涂镀层和内衬里技术进行综合,以减缓管道内的腐蚀. 低碳钢表面镀镍层自纳米合金化技术,即是集中内防腐技术的综合运用,得到了表面无缝冶金结合的高耐蚀性能管材,是未来发展趋势的代表.%The co-corrosion mechanism of oil and gases such as dissolved oxygen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide as well as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide in the pipeline was described. The anti-corrosion technology of oil and gas in pipeline was re-viewed, including selection of corrosion resistant metallic materials or non-metallic materials, addition of corrosion inhibitor, coat-ing technology and lining technology. The paper analyzed advantages and disadvantages of various anti-corrosion technology and proposed that the future development trend of pipeline corrosion would be combination of substrate selection with addition of corro-sion inhibitors and internal lining technology for coating and lining to slow down the corrosion inside the pipe. Low carbon steel nickel-plated layer by nano alloying technology, which is the integrated utilization of concentrated anti-corrosion technology to ob-tain high metallurgical bonding surface seamless pipe with high corrosion resistance, is representative of future trends.

  16. Study on Corrosion of the Foam Glass Anti-corrosion Lining%泡沫玻璃砖防腐内衬腐蚀研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎优霞; 冀运东

    2015-01-01

    Etching solution leaked from the thermal power plant wet chimney, which adopted domestic foam glass anti-corrosion lining and worked for a period of time. The performance of the foam glass anti-corrosion lining of it was studied in this paper. The properties of the foam glasses and plaster picking from the chimney lining were characterized by EDS and FT-IR. The results showed that the alkali metals (including Fe, K, Al, Na, Mg and so on) in the domestic foam glasses reacted with the acid corrosive media of the wet gas, which gave rise to the destruction of the closed pore structure and crisp cracking of the bricks; meanwhile, pendant groups on the polysiloxane matrix shed and Si-O-Si rigid structure increased in the main chain, which result in the loss of elasticity and adhesion of the plaster, then the foam dlass anti-corrosion lining fell off.%采用国产泡沫玻璃砖防腐内衬的火电厂湿烟囱,运行一段时间后,出现严重的渗透腐蚀现象。本文以湿烟囱排烟筒上脱落的泡沫玻璃砖为实验对象,利用EDS和FT-IR分别研究了国产泡沫玻璃砖和有机硅防腐胶泥的腐蚀状况及原理。结果表明,国产泡沫玻璃砖中含有Fe、K、Al、Na、Mg等碱金属,遇酸反应,导致砖体密闭孔隙结构破坏,酥化开裂,失去防腐作用;聚硅氧烷基体的侧基脱落,主链中Si-O-Si刚性结构增多,胶泥失去弹性和粘接性,导致防腐内衬整体脱落。

  17. Convenient routes to synthesize uncommon vaterite nanoparticles and the nanocomposites of alkyd resin/polyaniline/vaterite: The latter possessing superior anticorrosive performance on mild steel surfaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polyaniline (PANI)/Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC) composite materials are prepared, for the first time, starting from naturally occurring calcite, and are well characterized. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies provide information for the presence of unstable vaterite form of PCC in the composites, with an average crystallite size of 26 nm, thus demonstrating the ability of PANI to stabilize, otherwise unstable, vaterite phase of CaCO3. Thermal analytical results (TGA and DSC) also provide information for the presence of only PANI and PCC, thus providing information for the purity of the composites. This method, therefore, provides a convenient route to prepare vaterite nanoparticles. Electron Microscopic (FE-SEM) images of the composites confirm that the voids of PANI chains are filled by the spherical nannoparticles of vaterite of diameter ∼ 24 nm, to result in spheres of the composites with an average diameter of 3–4 μm. FTIR spectra show that the PANI exists in its emaraldine form, weakly protonated when prepared at pH 5. Analysis of the FT-IR data for the four composites of PANI/vaterite gives the molar ratios of PANI:vaterite to be 1:4, 1:2, 1:1, 2:1, respectively. The PANI/PCC composites show electrical conductivity of ∼ 1.00 × 10−5 S cm−1, which is an impressive value to use these materials as anticorrosive coatings. AC impedance studies also give the conductivities of the PANI/PCC composites to be corresponding to a weakly electronically-conductive emeraldine form of PANI, with equal contributions from the ionic and electronic components, irrespective of the different amounts of vaterite or calcite present in the composites. The DC polarization test confirms equal transport numbers for ions and electrons in PANI samples. The above composites of PANI/vaterite, and a composite of 1:1 molar ratio of PANI/calcite, were mixed with alkyd resin and xylene, separately, to prepare anticorrosive coatings on mild steel (Mole percentages: 98.90% Fe, 0

  18. Simultaneous determination of rare earth elements in ore and anti-corrosion coating samples using a portable capillary electrophoresis instrument with contactless conductivity detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Thi Anh Huong; Nguyen, Van Ri; Le, Duc Dung; Nguyen, Thi Thanh Binh; Cao, Van Hoang; Nguyen, Thi Kim Dung; Sáiz, Jorge; Hauser, Peter C; Mai, Thanh Duc

    2016-07-29

    The employment of an in-house-made capillary electrophoresis (CE) instrument with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C(4)D) as a simple and inexpensive solution for simultaneous determination of many rare earth elements (REEs) in ore samples from Vietnam, as well as in anti-corrosion coating samples is reported. 14 REEs (La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu) were determined using an electrolyte composed of 20mM arginine and 10mM α-hydroxyisobutyric acid adjusted to pH 4.2 with acetic acid. The best detection limit achieved was 0.24mg/L using the developed CE-C(4)D method. Good agreement between results from CE-C(4)D and the confirmation method (ICP-MS) was achieved, with a coefficient of determination (r(2)) for the two pairs of data of 0.998. PMID:27363736

  19. Anticorrosion Coating of Carbon Nanotube/Polytetrafluoroethylene Composite Film on the Stainless Steel Bipolar Plate for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshiyuki Show

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Composite film of carbon nanotube (CNT and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE was formed from dispersion fluids of CNT and PTFE. The composite film showed high electrical conductivity in the range of 0.1–13 S/cm and hydrophobic nature. This composite film was applied to stainless steel (SS bipolar plates of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC as anticorrosion film. This coating decreased the contact resistance between the surface of the bipolar plate and the membrane electrode assembly (MEA of the PEMFC. The output power of the fuel cell is increased by 1.6 times because the decrease in the contact resistance decreases the series resistance of the PEMFC. Moreover, the coating of this composite film protects the bipolar plate from the surface corrosion.

  20. Adsorption of alginate and albumin on aluminum coatings inhibits adhesion of Escherichia coli and enhances the anti-corrosion performances of the coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Xiaoyan; Liu, Yi; Huang, Jing; Chen, Xiuyong; Ren, Kun; Li, Hua

    2015-03-01

    Thermal-sprayed aluminum coatings have been extensively used as protective layers against corrosion for steel structures in the marine environment. The corrosion usually deteriorates from marine biofouling, yet the mechanism of accelerated corrosion of the coatings remains elusive. As the first stage participating in biofouling process, adsorption of molecules plays critical roles in mediating formation of biofilm. Here, we report at molecular level the adsorption behaviors of albumin and marine polysaccharide on arc-sprayed aluminum coatings and their influence on adhesion of Escherichia coli. The adsorption of alginate and albumin was characterized by infrared spectra analyses and atomic force microscopic observation. The adsorption inhibits effectively adhesion of the bacteria. Further investigation indicates that alginate/albumin altered the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the coatings instead of impacting the survival of the bacteria to decline their adhesion. The conditioning layer composed of the molecules enhances anti-corrosion performances of the coatings.

  1. Highly flexible transparent self-healing composite based on electrospun core-shell nanofibers produced by coaxial electrospinning for anti-corrosion and electrical insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Seongpil; Liou, Minho; Song, Kyo Yong; Jo, Hong Seok; Lee, Min Wook; Al-Deyab, Salem S.; Yarin, Alexander L.; Yoon, Sam S.

    2015-10-01

    Coaxial electrospinning was used to fabricate two types of core-shell fibers: the first type with liquid resin monomer in the core and polyacrylonitrile in the shell, and the second type with liquid curing agent in the core and polyacrylonitrile in the shell. These two types of core-shell fibers were mutually entangled and embedded into two flexible transparent matrices thus forming transparent flexible self-healing composite materials. Such materials could be formed before only using emulsion electrospinning, rather than coaxial electrospinning. The self-healing properties of such materials are associated with release of healing agents (resin monomer and cure) from nanofiber cores in damaged locations with the subsequent polymerization reaction filing the micro-crack with polydimethylsiloxane. Transparency of these materials is measured and the anti-corrosive protection provided by them is demonstrated in electrochemical experiments.

  2. EPOXY VINYL ESTER ANTICORROSIVE FLOOR AND ITS MANUFACTURE PROCESS%环氧乙烯基防腐地坪及制备工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛平; 卞忠义

    2001-01-01

    介绍了Atlac环氧乙烯基玻璃钢防腐地坪和Atlac环氧乙烯基树脂混凝土防腐地坪的制作工艺,也介绍了用于防腐地坪的Atlac系列环氧乙烯基树脂的性能、玻璃纤维的选择及其它辅助材料的指标、配比等。%The Atlac epoxy vinyl ester FRP and concrete anticorrosive floor.Their composition and manufacture process,the properties of a series of Atlac epoxy vinyl ester resin,selection of glass fibre and performance date of other assistant materials were introduced in this paper.

  3. Effect of cerium (IV) ions on the anticorrosion properties of siloxane-poly(methyl methacrylate) based film applied on tin coated steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work investigates the influence of the addition of cerium (IV) ions on the anticorrosion properties of organic-inorganic hybrid coatings applied to passivated tin coated steel. In order to evaluate the specific effect of cerium (IV) addition on nanostructural features of the organic and inorganic phases of the hybrid coating, the hydrolytic polycondensation of silicon alkoxide and the radical polymerization of the methyl methacrylate (MMA) function were induced separately. The corrosion resistance of the coatings was evaluated by means of linear polarization, Tafel type curves and electrochemical impedance measurements. The impedance results obtained for the hybrid coatings were discussed based on an electrical equivalent circuit used to fit the experimental data. The electrochemical results clearly showed the improvement of the protective properties of the organic-inorganic hybrid coating mainly when the cerium (IV) was added to the organic phase solution precursor, which seemed to be due to the formation of a more uniform and densely reticulated siloxane-PMMA film.

  4. Study of thermal stability for tertiary pyridine ion exchange resin and anti-corrosion property of structural material toward eluents used in the advanced ORIENT cycle process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A multi-functional separation process is proposed as one of the technologies for implementing the Adv.-ORIENT (Advanced Optimization by Recycling Instructive ElemeNTs) Cycle concept. The tertiary pyridine-type anion exchange resin (TPR) embedded in silica beads (silica-supported TPR) was demonstrated suitable for the separation process of actinides from spent fuel. In this process, hydrochloric acid (HCl) and a mixture of nitric acid (HNO3) and methanol (MeOH) are used as eluents. In order to apply this process to an engineering plant scale, two important issues must be evaluated to prove the system suitability. One is an environmental aspect represented by the use of HCl solution which is corrosive to many materials. The other is clarification of the reactive safety of silica-supported TPR and the HNO3-MeOH solvent mixture. Four types of metals, Ta, Zr, Nb, and Hastelloy-B (28%Mo-Ni) were selected as candidate materials which are anti-corrosive toward HCl. Corrosion experiments were conducted in HCl type simulated high level liquid waste (SHLLW) solution at room temperature for a maximum 720 h and at 90 deg C for 336 h. Ta showed an all-round anti-corrosion property in HCl type SHLLW solution, and Hastelloy-B was only acceptable at room temperature. Thermal analysis by differential scanning calorimetry was done to investigate the thermal stability of silica-supported TPR-NO3/MeOH/HNO3 mixtures. Heating experiment results on a gram scale were also obtained and evaluated to determine the conditions necessary to avoid runaway reactions. As a result, it was confirmed that a vigorous exothermic reaction can be avoided by controlled decrease of temperature. (author)

  5. Anticorrosion diffusion coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of chemical- and heat treatment on corrosion resistance of steels in aqueous solutions of acids, salts and alkalies has been investigated to find a possibility of replacing stainless steel by carbon or low-alloyed steels with diffusion coatings. Data on corrosion resistance of steels with diffusion coatings such as Cr, Cr-Si, Cr-Ti, Cr-Al, Zr-Al, V-Al are presented. The mechanism of fracture of steels with coatings prepared under optimum conditions is studied

  6. Application of One Component Moisture Curing Polyurea/Polyurethane Anticorrosion Coatings in the Anticorrosion Maintenance of Steel Structure Bridge%单组分湿固化聚脲/聚氨酯防腐涂料在钢结构大桥防腐维修中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王道前; 肖国亮; 欧阳明

    2011-01-01

    The steel beam bridge structure anticorrosion design and performance of three bridges on the river Huangpujiang were introduced. Based on the corrosion ambient condition, the disadvantages and limitations of traditional epoxy system, a bridge anticorrosion repair procedure were recommended. The performance characteristics and application procedure of the one component moisture curing polyurea/polyurethane coatings were described, and compared it with two components surface tolerant coatings.%介绍了黄浦江上南浦、杨浦、徐浦3座大桥钢箱梁结构的涂装情况。根据3座大桥所处的腐蚀环境和传统环氧涂料施工的局限性,提出了大桥防腐维修方案。阐述了单组分湿固化聚脲/聚氨酯涂料的性能特点和施工工艺流程,并与双组分低表面处理涂料的性能进行比较。

  7. New Thiosemicarbazone and Talinum triangulare Vegetal Extract Formulations with Potential Anti-corrosion Activity [Novas Formulações de Tiossemicarbazonas e Extrato Vegetal de Talinum triangulare com Potencial Atividade Anticorrosão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana A . de Albuquerque

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Corrosion is a process arising out of a chemical action of the environment on a particular material, causing its deterioration. It may occur in metals, concrete, organic polymers, and others. A promising alternative to prevent corrosion is the use of organic inhibitors. The search for new agents or formulations that enable the diminishing of corrosion effects is evidently necessary; therefore, this work evaluated 3 new formulations which contained thiosemicarbazones 4-hydroxy,3-methoxybenzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone, 4-ethoxybenzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone and 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone with the crude extract of Talinum triangulareleaves in ethyl acetate, aiming at the Fe2+ ion chelation for an anticorrosive action. UV-Vis spectroscopy was used to evaluate the formation of Fe2+ ion complexes; also, to determine the respective coordination numbers with the thiosemicarbazones. Results indicated the increase of the thiosemicarbazone anticorrosive action, which had been evaluated by molecular modeling and potentiodynamic polarization, when there were crude extract of T. triangulareleaves in the formulation.

  8. 铝合金大气腐蚀行为及其防腐措施研究进展%Research Progress in Atmospheric Corrosion Behavior and Anticorrosion Measures of Aluminum Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彬; 苏艳

    2012-01-01

    综述了铝合金的大气腐蚀机理和大气主要环境因素对铝合金的大气腐蚀的影响.重点介绍了近年来所采用的对环境无害的铝合金无铬防腐蚀处理方法(激光熔覆法、溶胶-凝胶法、聚合物防腐蚀膜等)及其发展前景.%The atmospheric corrosion mechanism and the effect of principal pollutants of atmosphere on corrosion of aluminum alloy were summarized. The emphasis was on current used Cr-free and environment-friendly anticorrosive protection systems (such as laser cladding method, sol-gel method and anticorrosive polymer film) for aluminum alloy and its development prospect.

  9. Anticorrosion/antifouling properties of bacterial spore-loaded sol-gel type coating for mild steel in saline marine condition: a case of thermophilic strain of Bacillus licheniformis

    OpenAIRE

    Eduok, Ubong; Suleiman, Rami; Gittens, Jeanette; Khaled, Mazen; Smith, Thomas J.; Akid, Robert; El Ali, Bassam; Khalil, Amjad

    2015-01-01

    This work reports the performance of a sol-gel type coating encapsulated with biofilm of inoculums of protective thermophilic strain of Bacillus licheniformis endospores isolated from the Gazan hot springs- Saudi Arabia for the inhibition of marine fouling and corrosion protection of S36-grade mild steel in 3.5 wt% NaCl medium. In order to improve its anticorrosion properties, the hybrid sol-gel coating is further doped with zinc molybdate (MOLY) and zinc aluminum polyphosphate (Z...

  10. Efficient anti-corrosive coating of cold-rolled steel in a seawater environment using an oil-based graphene oxide ink

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhbabu, Y. N.; Sivakumar, B.; Singh, J. K.; Bapari, H.; Pramanick, A. K.; Sahu, Ranjan K.

    2015-04-01

    We report the production of an efficient anti-corrosive coating of cold-rolled (CR) steel in a seawater environment (~3.5 wt% NaCl aqueous solution) using an oil-based graphene oxide ink. The graphene oxide was produced by heating Aeschynomene aspera plant as a carbon source at 1600 °C in an argon atmosphere. The ink was prepared by cup-milling the mixture of graphene oxide and sunflower oil for 10 min. The coating of ink on the CR steel was made using the dip-coating method, followed by curing at 350 °C for 10 min in air atmosphere. The results of the potentiodynamic polarization show that the corrosion rate of bare CR steel decreases nearly 10 000-fold by the ink coating. Furthermore, the salt spray test results show that the red rusting in the ink-coated CR steel is initiated after 100 h, in contrast to 24 h and 6 h in the case of oil-coated and bare CR steel, respectively. The significant decrease in the corrosion rate by the ink-coating is discussed based on the impermeability of graphene oxide to the corrosive ions.We report the production of an efficient anti-corrosive coating of cold-rolled (CR) steel in a seawater environment (~3.5 wt% NaCl aqueous solution) using an oil-based graphene oxide ink. The graphene oxide was produced by heating Aeschynomene aspera plant as a carbon source at 1600 °C in an argon atmosphere. The ink was prepared by cup-milling the mixture of graphene oxide and sunflower oil for 10 min. The coating of ink on the CR steel was made using the dip-coating method, followed by curing at 350 °C for 10 min in air atmosphere. The results of the potentiodynamic polarization show that the corrosion rate of bare CR steel decreases nearly 10 000-fold by the ink coating. Furthermore, the salt spray test results show that the red rusting in the ink-coated CR steel is initiated after 100 h, in contrast to 24 h and 6 h in the case of oil-coated and bare CR steel, respectively. The significant decrease in the corrosion rate by the ink-coating is

  11. Antimicrobial action and anti-corrosion effect against sulfate reducing bacteria by lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil and its major component, the citral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korenblum, Elisa; Regina de Vasconcelos Goulart, Fátima; de Almeida Rodrigues, Igor; Abreu, Fernanda; Lins, Ulysses; Alves, Péricles Barreto; Blank, Arie Fitzgerald; Valoni, Erika; Sebastián, Gina V; Alviano, Daniela Sales; Alviano, Celuta Sales; Seldin, Lucy

    2013-01-01

    The anti-corrosion effect and the antimicrobial activity of lemongrass essential oil (LEO) against the planktonic and sessile growth of a sulfate reducing bacterium (SRB) were evaluated. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of LEO and its major component, the citral, was 0.17 mg ml-1. In addition, both LEO and citral showed an immediate killing effect against SRB in liquid medium, suggesting that citral is responsible for the antimicrobial activity of LEO against SRB. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the MIC of LEO caused discernible cell membrane alterations and formed electron-dense inclusions. Neither biofilm formation nor corrosion was observed on carbon steel coupons after LEO treatment. LEO was effective for the control of the planktonic and sessile SRB growth and for the protection of carbon steel coupons against biocorrosion. The application of LEO as a potential biocide for SRB growth control in petroleum reservoirs and, consequently, for souring prevention, and/or as a coating protection against biocorrosion is of great interest for the petroleum industries. PMID:23938023

  12. Effect of electrolysis superheat degree on anticorrosion performance of 5Cu/(10NiO-NiFe2O4) cermet inert anode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    5Cu/(10NiO-NiFe2O4) cermet inert anodes were prepared by cold-pressing and sintering process, and the effect of superheat degree of melting K3AIF6-Na3AlF6-AlF3 on their anticorrosion performance was studied under electrolysis conditions. The results show that, the fluctuation of cell becomes small with increasing of superheat degree, which is helpful to inhibit the formation of cathodic encrustation; the concentration of impurities from inert anode in bath goes up to certain degree, but it is far smaller than those in traditional high-temperature bath. Increasing the superheat degree of melting K3AlF6-Na3AlF6-AlF3 has unconspicuous effect on the contents of impurities in cathodic aluminum. The total mass fractions of Fe, Ni and Cu in aluminum are 15.38% and15.09% respectively under superheat degree of 95 and 195 ℃C. From micro-topography of anode used view, increasing the superheat degree can aggravate corrosion of metal Cu in inert anode, and has negative influence on electrical conductivity of electrode to some extent.

  13. Effect of cerium on structure modifications of a hybrid sol–gel coating, its mechanical properties and anti-corrosion behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► New sol–gel routes to replace chromates for corrosion protection of aluminum. ► Effect of cerium concentration on the microstructure of xerogel. ► Electrochemical and mechanical performances of hybrid coating with different cerium contents. ► Good correlation between the different results with an optimal cerium content of 0.01 M. -- Abstract: An organic–inorganic hybrid coating was developed to improve the corrosion resistance of the aluminum alloy AA 2024-T3. Organic and inorganic coatings derived from glycidoxypropyl-trimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and aluminum tri-sec-butoxide Al(OsBu)3, with different cerium contents, were deposited onto aluminum by dip-coating process. Corrosion resistance and mechanical properties were investigated by electrochemical impedance measurements and nano-indentation respectively. An optimal cerium concentration of 0.01 M was evidenced. To correlate and explain the hybrid coating performances in relation to the cerium content, NMR experiments were performed. It has been shown that when the cerium concentration in the hybrid is higher than 0.01 M there are important modifications in the hybrid structure that account for the mechanical properties and anti-corrosion behavior of the sol–gel coating.

  14. Effect of cerium on structure modifications of a hybrid sol–gel coating, its mechanical properties and anti-corrosion behavior

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cambon, Jean-Baptiste, E-mail: cambon@chimie.ups-tlse.fr [Institut Carnot CIRIMAT, Université de Toulouse, UMR CNRS 5085, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); Esteban, Julien; Ansart, Florence; Bonino, Jean-Pierre; Turq, Viviane [Institut Carnot CIRIMAT, Université de Toulouse, UMR CNRS 5085, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); Santagneli, S.H.; Santilli, C.V.; Pulcinelli, S.H. [Departamento Fısico-Química, Instituto de Química, Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, CP 355, 14801-970 Araraquara, SP (Brazil)

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: ► New sol–gel routes to replace chromates for corrosion protection of aluminum. ► Effect of cerium concentration on the microstructure of xerogel. ► Electrochemical and mechanical performances of hybrid coating with different cerium contents. ► Good correlation between the different results with an optimal cerium content of 0.01 M. -- Abstract: An organic–inorganic hybrid coating was developed to improve the corrosion resistance of the aluminum alloy AA 2024-T3. Organic and inorganic coatings derived from glycidoxypropyl-trimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and aluminum tri-sec-butoxide Al(O{sup s}Bu){sub 3}, with different cerium contents, were deposited onto aluminum by dip-coating process. Corrosion resistance and mechanical properties were investigated by electrochemical impedance measurements and nano-indentation respectively. An optimal cerium concentration of 0.01 M was evidenced. To correlate and explain the hybrid coating performances in relation to the cerium content, NMR experiments were performed. It has been shown that when the cerium concentration in the hybrid is higher than 0.01 M there are important modifications in the hybrid structure that account for the mechanical properties and anti-corrosion behavior of the sol–gel coating.

  15. Mechanism of (NH{sub 4})S{sub 2}O{sub 8} to enhance the anti-corrosion performance of Mo-Ce inhibitor on X80 steel in acid solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Yanhua [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500 (China); Zhuang, Jia, E-mail: zj-656@163.com [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500 (China); Zeng, Xianguang [Material Corrosion and Protection Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Zigong 643000 (China); Institute of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong 643000 (China)

    2014-09-15

    Highlights: • The 1000 mg/L Na{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} and 500 mg/L Ce(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} has best synergistic effect. • The (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8} made the valence transformation of cerium (Ce{sup 3+} → Ce{sup 4+}) come true. • The anti-corrosion performance of Mo-Ce inhibitor was improved by (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8}. • The coordination ability of inhibitor complexes was improved by (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8}. • The bonding force and adsorption between inhibitor and steel surface was enhanced. - Abstract: Ce(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} and Na{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} are adopted to form (Mo-Ce) composite corrosion inhibitor in allusion to the corrosion problem of steel in acidic conditions. The experimental results showed that the anticorrosion effects were enhanced and the inhibition efficiencies were increased by (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8}. The reason of enhancement is the increase of coordination bonds amount between Ce{sup 4+} and MoO{sub 4}{sup 2−}, the augment of combining sites of interface between anti-corrosion film and steel, and the reinforce of adsorption caused by the transformation of Ce{sup 3+} to Ce{sup 4+} by oxidants. The process and conditions for transformation of Ce{sup 3+} to Ce{sup 4+} and formation of complexes are discussed. The related thermodynamic and kinetic parameters are calculated and the possibility for (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8} to improve the performance of Mo-Ce corrosion inhibitor is proved.

  16. Hydrogen–argon plasma pre-treatment for improving the anti-corrosion properties of thin Al2O3 films deposited using atomic layer deposition on steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of H2–Ar plasma pre-treatment prior to thermal atomic layer deposition (ALD) and plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) of Al2O3 films on steel for corrosion protection was investigated. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the changes in the interface. The electrochemical properties of the samples were studied with polarization measurements, and the coating porosities were calculated from the polarization results for easier comparison of the coatings. Prior to thermal ALD the plasma pre-treatment was observed to reduce the amount of impurities at the interface and coating porosity by 1–3 orders of magnitude. The anti-corrosion properties of the PEALD coatings could also be improved by the pre-treatment. However, exposure of the pre-treatment plasma activated steel surface to oxygen plasma species in PEALD led to facile oxide layer formation in the interface. The oxide layer formed this way was thicker than the native oxide layer and appeared to be detrimental to the protective properties of the coating. The best performance for PEALD Al2O3 coatings was achieved when, after the plasma pre-treatment, the surface was given time to regrow a thin protective interfacial oxide prior to exposure to the oxygen plasma. The different effects that thermal and plasma-enhanced ALD have on the substrate-coating interface were compared. The reactivity of the oxygen precursor was shown to have a significant influence on substrate surface in the early stages of film growth and thereafter also on the overall quality of the protective film. - Highlights: • Influence of H2–Ar plasma pre-treatment to ALD coatings on steel was studied. • The pre-treatment modified the coating–substrate interface composition and thickness. • The pre-treatment improved the barrier properties of the coatings

  17. The existence of large magnetocaloric effect at low field variation and the anti-corrosion ability of Fe-rich alloy with Cr substituted for Fe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The influence of Cr substituted for Fe in Fe78-xCrxSi4Nb5B12Ag1 ribbons on the crystallization and magnetic properties including the magnetocaloric effect have been investigated. DSC measurements showed that the crystallization temperature and the crystallization activation energy increased with Cr content. Thermomagnetic curves measured in low applied field indicated that there is a sharp ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition at Curie temperature, TC, of the amorphous phase. In addition, substitution of Cr for Fe led to approximate linear decrease of TC with Cr content, namely from 450K to 280K for x = 0 and x = 8, respectively. From a series of the isothermal magnetization curves M(H) measured at different temperatures, magnetic entropy change ΔSm was determined at magnetic field variations of 13.5, 10.0 and 5.0 kOe. Maximum value of ΔSm (occurred near TC) decreased with increasing Cr content and these values established are quite large at low field variation. Namely, at moderate low magnetic field variation of 5.0 kOe, |ΔSm|max is of 4.4 and 1.9 J/kg.K for x = 0 and x = 8, respectively. Our studied alloys system could be considered as the best magnetocaloric material candidates for magnetic refrigeration because of colossal magnetic entropy change at low field variation and working temperature could be controlled in large region by substitution effect. The anti-corrosion ability of alloys was also examined.

  18. Study of a new possibility to predict the behavior of high - performance anticorrosive protections applied on steel after their exposure in natural aggressive environments, respectively in laboratory accelerated conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina POPA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As a result of the global warming, notable changes in the climatic regime of Romania were observed in the last 40-50 years by increasing of the maximum temperatures and decreasing of the minimum temperatures characteristic for each season. This paper makes reference to an experimental research regarding the actual severity of the Romanian climate and its effects toward some performant anticorrosive coatings applied on steel. Such performant anticorrosive protection systems were exposed in situ – marine and alpine environment - and in parallel, aiming to simulate the severe climatic actions through laboratory accelerated environments - neutral salt fog, condensation and temperature variations. The graphical representation and the interpretation of the adhesion to the steel surface by means of the variation of the class into which the paint was framed after performing the cross-cut test during the exposure provided information concerning a new possibility to predict the evolution of the degradation of the paint, by means of this characteristic experimentally determined.

  19. Application of micro-arc oxidation to anti-corrosion of columns of hydraulic supports%微弧氧化在液压支架立柱防腐中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甄敬然; 路银川

    2012-01-01

    Most failures of the hydraulic support are caused by corrosion of the column of the hydraulic support. Based on traditional anti-corrosion methods, the paper introduced a new-type surface treatment technique-micro-arc oxidation, and analysed the effects of electric parameters on micro-arc oxidation coating. Test results showed that the micro-arc oxidation was a new-type feasible prevention measure for anti-corrosion of the column of the hydraulic support.%立柱腐蚀是导致液压支架失效的主要原因,在传统防腐方法的基础上,笔者研究了一种新型表面处理工艺——微弧氧化,分析求得对微弧氧化膜层性能影响的最优电参数。实践证明,在液压支架立柱防腐中微弧氧化是一种切实可行的防范措施。

  20. Experimental Investigation on Addition of Anticorrosive Agent in a 50-MW Biomass-Fired Circulating Fluidized Bed Boiler%生物质循环流化床锅炉掺烧防腐蚀剂的试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋景慧; 谭巍

    2014-01-01

    Experiments on combustion of pure biomass and biomass with anticorrosive agent were carried out in a 50-MW biomass-fired circulating fluidized bed boiler. The anticorrosive agent has a porous structure and mainly contains magnesium oxide (MgO), kaolin, activated alumina (Al2O3) and foamer. Results obtained in experiments show that, boiler thermal efficiency was weakly influenced by the anticorrosive agent, and contents of K and Cl in flue ash decreased as contrast to the increase of K and Cl in furnace slag. When the mass percentage of anticorrosive agent is 3%, in the flue ash, the K values ranged from 7.62%to 5.69%, and Cl values reduced from 3.86%to 2.35%. While in furnace slag, the values K varied from 4.03%to 4.71%, and Cl values increased from 756.58 mg/kg to 1 121.31 mg/kg. Due to the anticorrosive agent, the content of HCl in flue gas decreased from 25 mg/Nm3 to 15 mg/Nm3, as the emission of NO increased from 268 mg/Nm3 to 309 mg/Nm3.%在亚洲最大的50 MW生物质循环流化床直燃锅炉上进行了掺烧防腐蚀剂的燃烧试验,防腐蚀剂采用多孔膜结构,主要成分是MgO、高岭土、活性Al2O3和发泡剂,试验结果表明:掺烧防腐蚀剂不会降低锅炉热效率,且能够有效地降低飞灰中K、Cl元素的含量,将其固留在炉渣中。当防腐蚀剂添加量占总燃料质量的3%时,飞灰中的K元素含量由7.62%下降为5.69%,Cl元素含量由3.86%下降为2.35%;而炉渣中的K元素含量由4.03%上升为4.71%,Cl元素含量由756.58 mg/kg上升为1121.31 mg/kg;同时烟气中的HCl排放量由25 mg/Nm3下降为15 mg/Nm3,NO含量由268 mg/Nm3上升为309 mg/Nm3。

  1. The effects of addition of poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVA) as a green corrosion inhibitor to the phosphate conversion coating on the anticorrosion and adhesion properties of the epoxy coating on the steel substrate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramezanzadeh, B., E-mail: ramezanzadeh-bh@icrc.ac.ir; Vakili, H.; Amini, R.

    2015-02-01

    Highlights: • Room temperature zinc phosphate coating was applied on the surface of steel sample. • Poly(vinyl) alcohol was added to the phosphating bath as a green corrosion inhibitor. • The adhesion and anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coating were investigated. • PVA decreased the phosphate crystal size and porosity. • PVA enhanced the corrosion protection and adhesion properties of the epoxy coating. - Abstract: Steel substrates were chemically treated by room temperature zinc phosphate conversion coating. Poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVA) was added to the phosphate solution as a green corrosion inhibitor. Finally, the epoxy/polyamide coating was applied on the untreated and surface treated steel samples. The effects of PVA on the morphological properties of the phosphate coating were studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measuring device. The adhesion properties of the epoxy coatings applied on the surface treated samples were investigated by pull-off and cathodic delamination tests. Also, the anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coatings were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Results showed that addition of PVA to the phosphate coating increased the population density of the phosphate crystals and decreased the phosphate grain size. The contact angle of the steel surface treated by Zn-PVA was lower than Zn treated one. The corrosion resistance of the epoxy coating was considerably increased on the steel substrate treated by zinc phosphate conversion coating containing PVA. PVA also enhanced the adhesion properties of the epoxy coating to the steel surface and decreased the cathodic delamination significantly.

  2. 农村电网接地引下线腐蚀机理及新型防腐措施%Research on Corrosion Mechanism of Grounding Down Lead Lines and New Anti-corrosion Measures of Rural Power Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑志生; 钟铭声; 龚庆武

    2015-01-01

    农村电网覆盖面广,不同的土壤条件、缺乏维护及低成本设备缺陷造成农村电网接地引下线腐蚀问题严重。而接地引下线的腐蚀有着不同于接地网的腐蚀机理,即多种环境与化学作用的综合体现,所以农村电网接地引下线需要新的防腐措施。通过对已有研究成果探究,本文提出了包覆法结合牺牲阳极法的农村电网接地引下线防腐新措施,并对其实现进行了论述。%There exists problems in the wide rural power grid that the different soil conditions ,lack of maintenance and low cost e‐quipment defects cause serious corrosion of grounding down lead lines ,which has various mechanisms to the corrosion of grounding grids .The corrosion of grounding down lead lines is a comprehensive reflection of a variety of environmental and chemical interac‐tions ,therefore ,new anti-corrosion measures is required for the grounding down lead lines in the rural power grid .By exploring the existing research results ,new anti-corrosion measures using coating method and sacrificial anode protection method for the grounding down lead lines in the rural power grid is proposed in this paper ,and its realization is described .

  3. The effects of addition of poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVA) as a green corrosion inhibitor to the phosphate conversion coating on the anticorrosion and adhesion properties of the epoxy coating on the steel substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Room temperature zinc phosphate coating was applied on the surface of steel sample. • Poly(vinyl) alcohol was added to the phosphating bath as a green corrosion inhibitor. • The adhesion and anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coating were investigated. • PVA decreased the phosphate crystal size and porosity. • PVA enhanced the corrosion protection and adhesion properties of the epoxy coating. - Abstract: Steel substrates were chemically treated by room temperature zinc phosphate conversion coating. Poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVA) was added to the phosphate solution as a green corrosion inhibitor. Finally, the epoxy/polyamide coating was applied on the untreated and surface treated steel samples. The effects of PVA on the morphological properties of the phosphate coating were studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measuring device. The adhesion properties of the epoxy coatings applied on the surface treated samples were investigated by pull-off and cathodic delamination tests. Also, the anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coatings were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Results showed that addition of PVA to the phosphate coating increased the population density of the phosphate crystals and decreased the phosphate grain size. The contact angle of the steel surface treated by Zn-PVA was lower than Zn treated one. The corrosion resistance of the epoxy coating was considerably increased on the steel substrate treated by zinc phosphate conversion coating containing PVA. PVA also enhanced the adhesion properties of the epoxy coating to the steel surface and decreased the cathodic delamination significantly

  4. 重防腐涂料用水性环氧乳液的制备%Preparation of waterborne epoxy emulsion for heavy-duty anticorrosion coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈中华; 高菲菲; 穆爱婷

    2012-01-01

    A specified nonionic emulsifier for waterborne epoxy resin was prepared by reaction between high-molecular weight polyether and solid bisphenoi A epoxy resin, and then used to prepare waterborne epoxy emulsion by phase inversion technique. The effect of the dosage of boron trifluoride (BF3) diethyl etherate as catalyst on the epoxy value of the reaction system with epoxy resin CYD011 and polyethylene glycol PEG6000 was discussed. The structure of emulsifier was characterized by infrared spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography. The molar ratio of epoxy resin to PEG6000, mass fraction of emulsifier, emulsification temperature, and epoxy resins with various molecular weight on the performance of epoxy emulsion were studied. The results showed that a highly-stable emulsion with particlesize <1 um can be obtained when the epoxy equivalent of epoxy resin is 450-500, emulsification temperature is 75℃, the dosage of catalyst is 0.40%, the molar ratio of epoxy resin to PEG6000 is 1:1, and the mass fraction of emulsifier is 15wt%. The film prepared from the emulsion features a flexibility of 1 mm and an impact strength of 50 kg-cm, and is able to endure corrosion in 5wt% NaCl solution for 17 d and salt spray test for 480 h. The emulsion can be applied to heavy- duty anticorrosion coating.%采用固体双酚A型环氧树脂与高分子量聚醚反应合成水性环氧树脂专用非离子型乳化剂,然后结合相反转技术制备水性环氧乳液.讨论了催化剂三氟化硼乙醚(BF3-乙醚)的用量对环氧树脂CYD011和聚乙二醇PEG6000反应体系环氧值的影响,并利用红外光谱和凝胶渗透色谱对合成乳化剂的结构进行表征,探讨了环氧树脂与PEG6000的摩尔比、乳化剂质量分数、乳化温度及不同分子量的环氧树脂对乳液性能的影响.结果表明,当环氧树脂的环氧当量为450 ~ 500,乳化温度为75℃、催化剂用量为0.40%、n(环氧树脂):n(PEG6000)=1:1、乳化剂质量分数为15

  5. Radiation resistance of anticorrosion coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental results are reported of a study of high-energy radiation and its effects on properties and corrosive behaviour of metals, on plastics, paints, and other coatings. The irradiation tests have been made with various paint compounds on the basis of epoxide resins, polyurethane resins, acryl/styrol dispersions, and with ethyl silicate or alkali silicate zinc dust primers. The coatings have been applied to accelerator component parts and to plate specimens (aluminium, steel) and have been irradiated with energies between 104 and 107 Gy. Very good results have been found for the polyurethane compound and the acryl/styrol dispersion coatings. (orig.)

  6. 无溶剂环氧重防腐隔热导静电涂料的研制%Preparation of Solventless Epoxy Heavy Anti-corrosion Insulation Conducting Electrostatic Coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成楼; 隗功祥

    2012-01-01

    以丙烯酸改性环氧树脂为基料,以反应型和非反应型稀释剂为溶剂、以液态聚硫橡胶为增韧剂,在功能颜填料和助剂的配合下制备成甲组分;以腰果壳液合成的改性胺为固化剂,在促进剂和亲水剂配合下组成乙组分。固化后的涂层柔韧、致密,具有重防腐、隔热隔音、导静电性能。%Component I was prepared by using acrylic modified epoxy resin used as binder and reactive and nonreactive diluents as solvent, liquid polysulfide rubber as toughening agents, functional pigments and extender and additives; component Ⅱ was prepared by using modified amine synthesized by cashew nut shell liquid as curing agent, assorted with promoting agents and hydrophilic agent. After curing, the film flexible and compact, with heavy anti-corrosion, heat insulation, sound insulation, conducting electrostatic properties.

  7. New Anti-Corrosion Method for Compressor Motor Stator by Using Ion-Membrane%离子膜用于压缩机电机定子的防腐新途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马汉堡

    2012-01-01

    The continuous tunnel furnace flange processing is not efficient in solving the corrosion problem for compressor motor stator. The self-catalyzed inorganic ion-membrane changed the traditional processing of decades. Its excellent corrosion resistance was proved by RoHS solubility experiment of R134a and R600a. It provides a new approach of anti-corrosion application for compressor motor stator.%压缩机用电机的定子通常采用隧道炉发兰工艺来解决防腐问题,但是效果不理想.自催化无机离子膜的问世,打破了数十年的传统工艺.自催化无机离子膜不仅具备优越的防腐性能,而且经得起R134a和R600a的RoHS相溶性试验,从而开辟了压缩机用电机定子防腐应用的新途径.

  8. Synthesize and characterization of a novel anticorrosive cobalt ferrite nanoparticles dispersed in silica matrix (CoFe2O4-SiO2) to improve the corrosion protection performance of epoxy coating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gharagozlou, M.; Ramezanzadeh, B.; Baradaran, Z.

    2016-07-01

    This study aimed at studying the effect of an anticorrosive nickel ferrite nanoparticle dispersed in silica matrix (NiFe2O4-SiO2) on the corrosion protection properties of steel substrate. NiFe2O4 and NiFe2O4-SiO2 nanopigments were synthesized and then characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Then, 1 wt.% of nanopigments was dispersed in an epoxy coating and the resultant nanocomposites were applied on the steel substrates. The corrosion inhibition effects of nanopigments were tested by an electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and salt spray test. Results revealed that dispersing nickel ferrite nanoparticles in a silica matrix (NiFe2O4-SiO2) resulted in the enhancement of the nanopigment dispersion in the epoxy coating matrix. Inclusion of 1 wt.% of NiFe2O4-SiO2 nanopigment into the epoxy coating enhanced its corrosion protection properties before and after scratching.

  9. The new aspects of the anticorrosive ZnO@SiO2 core-shell NPs in stabilizing of the electrolytic Ni bath and the Ni coating structure; electrochemical behavior of the resulting nano-composite coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharifalhoseini, Zahra; Entezari, Mohammad H

    2015-10-01

    The pure phase of the ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) as anticorrosive pigments was synthesized by the sonication method. The surfaces of the sono-synthesized nanoparticles were covered with the protective silica layer. The durability of the coated and uncoated ZnO NPs in the used electrolytic Ni bath was determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. In the present research the multicomponent Ni bath as the complex medium was replaced by the simple one. The used nickel-plating bath was just composed of the Ni salts (as the sources of the Ni(2+) ions) to better clarify the influence of the presence of the ZnO@SiO2 core-shell NPs on the stability of the medium. The effect of ZnO@SiO2 NPs incorporation on the morphology of the solid electroformed Ni deposit was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Furthermore, the influence of the co-deposited particles in the Ni matrix on the corrosion resistance of the Ni coating was evaluated by the electrochemical methods including linear polarization resistance (LPR) and Tafel extrapolation. PMID:26057943

  10. The implementation and application of chemical cleaning and anti-corrosive coating of the condenser%凝汽器化学清洗及防腐镀膜的实施及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田红艳

    2011-01-01

    影响发电机组安全运行的因素有很多,凝汽器铜管的腐蚀就是其中之一。凝汽器铜管一旦发生腐蚀泄漏,冷却水便会漏入凝结水中,从而导致锅炉、汽轮机等设备的腐蚀与结垢。对凝汽器铜管进行化学清洗及防腐镀膜,可以有效阻止或缓解各类腐蚀,延长凝汽器使用寿命,减少因铜管泄漏造成的紧急停机、凝结水浪费、锅炉结垢,避免设备提前更换、甚至安全事故等风险。大大延长铜管的使用寿命,有利于凝汽器安全经济运行。%There are many factors in influencing the safe operation of the generator, and corrosion of the condenser copper pipe is one of them. Once the corrosion and leakage of the condenser copper pipe happened, it will lead to cooling water leak into the condensed water, and the corrosion and fouling of boiler and turbine was thereby produced. If the condenser copper pipe were dealt with the chemical cleaning and anti-corrosive coating, some risks will be reduced. Then kinds of corrosion can be effectively prevented or alleviated, service life of the condenser can be prolonged, emergency stop, condensed water waste and boiler scale caused by copper tube leakage will be reduced, replacement of the equipments in early, even accidents will avoid. Greatly extend the service life of the copper pipe will benefit to the safe and economical operation of the condenser.

  11. 含硫气井管线腐蚀分析及防腐措施探讨%Analysis of the pipeline corrosion and discussion of the anti-corrosion measures for the sour gas well

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏林; 赵建国; 赵尹琛; 王婷娟; 李丹

    2011-01-01

    The corrosion for the sour gas well is always the difficult problem faced in the pro- cess of the gas-field exploration, which is main the electrochemical corrosion. The affection factors contain the water of the gas, the concentration of H2S, temperature, pH, CO2 and so on. The general content of the Yulin gas-field is lower and the corrosion is litter. However, the sour gas well of the Yu 20 Gas gathering station is nearer. For the pigging of Yu 20 Branch line, there exists corrosion. Through analysis the corrosion mechanics and the anticorrosion status for the sour gas well of Yulin gas-field, the improvement step that abating the H2S corrosion is introduced.%含硫气井的腐蚀一直是气田开发过程中需要面对的难题,含硫气井的腐蚀主要是电化学腐蚀,影响因素主要有天然气中所含的水、H2s的浓度、温度、pH值、CO2等。榆林气田整体HES含量较低,腐蚀轻微,但由于榆20集气站含硫气井集中,从历年清管情况来看,存在一定的H2S腐蚀。通过分析合H2s气井的腐蚀机理和榆林气田含硫气井防腐现状,提出进一步减轻H2S腐蚀的优化措施。

  12. Anti-corrosion properties of Ni-P alloy coated on engine cylinder prepared from jet electrodeposion%发动机气缸电喷镀镍磷合金镀层及耐腐蚀性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王颖; 康敏; 傅秀清; 王兴盛

    2014-01-01

    Cylinder is the important part of tractor engine, which service life and the production cost are directly affected by anti-corrosion of the component. With the excellent wear resistance, corrosion resistance and higher hardness, Ni-P alloy deposited layer plays an important role for enhance the service life and reliability of cylinder, and the capability and quality of the tractor engine can be improved. Because of severe working environment of cylinder and piston such as high temperature, high load, high-velocity motion, poor lubrication, difficult cooling, especially weak acid for work environment, it is advisable to study the anti-corrosion properties of Ni-P alloy coated on engine cylinder. However, with the advancement of social economy, the conventional method for electrodeposited Ni-P alloy fails to meet the requirements of the development due to lower depositing rate and lower production efficiency. The jet electrodeposition is developed in recent years, which can significant increase the production efficiency because jet electrolyte can accelerate transfer process of the electrodeposition material and augment limiting current density. So the jet electrodeposition is a kind of high-velocity, selective electrodeposition technique with high deposition current density. In this paper, the engine cylinder coated with Ni-P alloy with jet electrodeposition was taken as research object. The surface appearance of deposited layer was observed by 6XB-PC reflective optical microscope. The corrosion behavior of Ni-P alloy coated on cylinder in 50 g/L NaCl solutions at different moment was studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarization method. The results show that the coating surface appearance is dense and smooth. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is composed of high and low frequency arcs when the layer immersed in 50 g/L NaCl solutions with 0.5, 1, 6, 12 and 24 h. The high frequency arcs have relation with original oxidation

  13. 油田集输用塑料合金复合管管体爆裂分析%Failure Analysis of Anticorrosion Plastic Alloy Composite Pipe for Oil Gathering and Transportation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李循迹; 李厚补; 常泽亮; 戚东涛; 毛学强; 魏斌

    2014-01-01

    An anticorrosion plastic alloy composite pipe for oil gathering and transportation failed during service. Investigations were performed to identify the possible failure causes of the pipe. Composition and thermal analysis of inner plastic alloy and outer GRP resin were systematically studied by using FTIR, TG-DSC, VST, etc. Results reveal that additives in failed plastic alloy may have not been stirred enough before extrusion or the content of additives may exceed their normal range. The glass transition temperature of GRP resin was much lower than that stated in standard. Hence, the lower state of cure for resin as well as the higher resin content of GRP layer makes the outer GRP structural layer have a relatively lower mechanical property, giving rise to the final failure of the composite pipe after serving for a long time under the co-effect of the aging and corrosion.%集油管线用塑料合金复合管在使用过程中发生了管体爆裂失效事故。为了探讨复合管的失效原因,采用红外光谱分析、差热-热重分析、VST等分析手段,研究了复合管用内衬塑料层和外结构层玻璃钢树脂基体的结构成分、热性能等。结果表明:复合管内衬材料添加剂含量较多或分散不均,而复合管玻璃钢基体树脂的玻璃化转变温度远低于标准要求。较低的固化度和偏高的树脂含量导致玻璃钢结构层力学性能下降,在长期服役过程中的老化及介质腐蚀共同作用下,复合管最终爆裂失效。

  14. A New fast-drying Chlorinated Rubber Heavy Anti-corrosion Static Conductive Paint at Room Temperature%室温快干氯化橡胶重防腐导静电涂料

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕维华; 伍家卫; 张远欣; 赵立祥; 苏晓云

    2011-01-01

    A new heavy anti-corrosion static conductive paint was prepared with chlorinated rubber as its main film forming substance, the homemade high solids content co-polyester resin as toughening resin, conductive graphite modified by silane coupling agent as conductive material. Its formula, manufacturing process and main performance indexes were introduced. The influence of the plasticizers, organic solvents, conductive graphite dosage and coating thickness to properties of the coating was studied. The results showed that the comprehensive performance of the coating was excellent when dosage of the high solids content co-polyester resin was 25 ±5%, conductive graphite 20 ±5%, the thinner of dissolution paint was mix solvents of methylbenzene, acetone, ethyl acetate and butyl acetate. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that heat resistance of coating was improved after adding polyester resin. The SEM images of the coating showed that the morphology was a comparative neat layered dense layer and explained why the coating had an excellent barrier property and corrosion-resistance.%介绍了以氯化橡胶为主要成膜物,自制高固体分聚酯树脂为增韧改性树脂,用硅烷偶联剂处理的导电石墨为导电剂的新型重防腐导静电涂料的配方、制备工艺及主要性能指标;研究了增塑剂和有机溶剂种类、导电石墨用量及涂层厚度对涂料性能的影响;结果表明,聚酯树脂质量分数为25±5%、导电石墨质量分数为20±5%,稀释剂为用甲苯、丙酮、醋酸乙酯和醋酸丁酯配成的混合溶剂时,所得涂层综合性能最佳;热重分析表明,添加聚酯树脂后涂层耐热性提高;扫描电镜图显示,涂层为规则排列的层状致密层,说明涂料具有优良的阻隔性和防腐性.

  15. 20钢玻璃内衬防腐管与304不锈钢管对接工艺分析%Study on Butt Welding Process of 20 Steel Glass Lining Anticorrosion Tube and 304 Stainless Steel Pipe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵泽敬; 赵志彬; 毛习飞; 王志文

    2015-01-01

    对于20钢玻璃内衬防腐管与304不锈钢钢管对接选用和耐蚀堆焊层相同的材料AT-ERNi625焊丝进行打底,填充盖面分别选择了AT-ERNi625焊丝和304焊丝,采用拉伸、弯曲试验、显微硬度试验测试焊接接头力学性能;通过扫描电镜、光学显微镜对焊缝断口及显微组织进行分析。结果表明,焊缝抗拉强度大于20钢抗拉强度,其显微硬度从母材到焊缝,从盖面层到打底层都呈现下降趋势,其力学性能满足使用要求;在母材20钢一侧出现了脱碳层,焊缝一侧出现增碳层,焊缝中的组织主要是少量的针状铁素体和奥氏体。%For 20 steel glass lining anticorrosion tube and 304 stainless steel pipe butt welding, it selected AT-ERNi625 welding wire to conduct backing, which is the same material as corrosion resistant surfacing layer. Filling and covering respectively chose ERNi625 welding wire and 304 welding wire. The mechanical properties of welded joints were tested by tensile test and microhardness test, and the weld fracture and microstructure were analyzed by scanning electron microscope, optical microscope. The results indicated that the tensile strength of weld is higher than that of 20 steel, and the microhardness present a downward trend from base metal to weld, from covering welding layer to backing layer. The mechanical properties can meet application requirements. The decarburization layer appeared at the side of the parent metal 20 steel, and recarburization layer appeared at the side of weld. The organization in weld mainly consist of a small amount of acicular ferrite and austenite.

  16. Hydrogen–argon plasma pre-treatment for improving the anti-corrosion properties of thin Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films deposited using atomic layer deposition on steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Härkönen, Emma, E-mail: emma.harkonen@helsinki.fi [Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 55, FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland); Potts, Stephen E.; Kessels, Wilhelmus M.M. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Díaz, Belén; Seyeux, Antoine; Światowska, Jolanta; Maurice, Vincent; Marcus, Philippe [Chimie ParisTech, Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Surfaces (LPCS), 11 Rue Pierre et Marie Curie, F-75005 Paris (France); CNRS UMR 7045, 11 Rue Pierre et Marie Curie, F-75005 Paris (France); Radnóczi, György; Tóth, Lajos [Research Centre for Natural Sciences HAS, MTA TKK, Budapest (Hungary); Kariniemi, Maarit; Niinistö, Jaakko; Ritala, Mikko [Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 55, FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland)

    2013-05-01

    The effect of H{sub 2}–Ar plasma pre-treatment prior to thermal atomic layer deposition (ALD) and plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films on steel for corrosion protection was investigated. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the changes in the interface. The electrochemical properties of the samples were studied with polarization measurements, and the coating porosities were calculated from the polarization results for easier comparison of the coatings. Prior to thermal ALD the plasma pre-treatment was observed to reduce the amount of impurities at the interface and coating porosity by 1–3 orders of magnitude. The anti-corrosion properties of the PEALD coatings could also be improved by the pre-treatment. However, exposure of the pre-treatment plasma activated steel surface to oxygen plasma species in PEALD led to facile oxide layer formation in the interface. The oxide layer formed this way was thicker than the native oxide layer and appeared to be detrimental to the protective properties of the coating. The best performance for PEALD Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} coatings was achieved when, after the plasma pre-treatment, the surface was given time to regrow a thin protective interfacial oxide prior to exposure to the oxygen plasma. The different effects that thermal and plasma-enhanced ALD have on the substrate-coating interface were compared. The reactivity of the oxygen precursor was shown to have a significant influence on substrate surface in the early stages of film growth and thereafter also on the overall quality of the protective film. - Highlights: • Influence of H{sub 2}–Ar plasma pre-treatment to ALD coatings on steel was studied. • The pre-treatment modified the coating–substrate interface composition and thickness. • The pre-treatment improved the barrier properties of the coatings.

  17. Synthesis and Evaluation of the Anti-corrosion Activity of Thiosemicarbazide and Thiosemicarbazone 4-N-(p-methoxyphenyl Substituted [Síntese e Avaliação da Atividade Anticorrosiva de Tiossemicarbazida e Tiossemicarbazona 4-N-(p-metóxifenil Substituídas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Sousa-Pereira

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The anti-corrosion activity of 1-phenyl-4-(p-methoxyphenyl-thiosemicarbazide (1and cinnamaldehyde-4-(p-methoxyphenyl-thiosemicarbazone (2 compounds against the corrosion of AISI 1020 carbon steel in 1 molL-1 HCl solution was evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS at different inhibitor concentrations. The relationship between molecular structure and inhibitory efficiency was evaluated by molecular modeling. The polarization curves indicate that both compounds act as mixed inhibitors. Nyquist diagrams show that the charge transfer resistance increases when the inhibitor concentration rises; consequently, increasing the inhibitoryefficiency. The theoretical results were supported by the experimental data. All techniques used showed that thiosemicarbazone (2 is a more potent inhibitor than thiosemicarbazide (1.

  18. Influence of anticorrosion agent and curing regimes on pore structure feature and moisture loss of concrete%防腐剂和养护制度对混凝土孔结构特征及水分损失的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常洪雷; 穆松; 刘建忠

    2015-01-01

    To improve corrosion resistance of concrete,mercury intrusion porosimetry,interfacial transition zone(ITZ)microphotography,water absorption porosity test and moisture loss test were employed to investigate the influences of anticorrosion agent and three curing regimes on pore struc-ture,ITZ,and moisture loss evolution during drying.The results show that the addition of the an-ticorrosion agent can reduce concrete porosity and average pore size,lower the ratio of large pores (pore size larger than 100 nm)that affects concrete's transport performance,improve pore structure, and compact interfacial transition zone.Meanwhile,it can decrease and slow down moisture loss during drying process.As for the curing methods,the pore structure of concrete under partial immer-sion is not well developed,and the interfacial transition zone is unconsolidated with micro cracks, leading to easier and faster loss of water content.Therefore,the addition of the anticorrosion agent improves corrosion resistance of concrete by preventing corrosion medium entering into concrete, while corrosion is more likely to occur under partial immersion curing condition.%为了改善混凝土的防腐蚀性能,采用压汞、扫描电子显微镜、水吸附孔隙率测试以及干燥过程水分质量损失测试等方法,研究了防腐剂和3种养护制度对混凝土孔结构特征、界面过渡区微观形貌以及干燥过程水分损失的影响。研究结果表明,防腐剂的掺入可以降低混凝土孔隙率和平均孔径,使得影响混凝土传输性能的大毛细孔(孔径大于等于100 nm)的体积占有率明显减小,有效改善了孔结构,密实了界面过渡区,同时减少了干燥过程的水分损失。半浸泡养护的混凝土孔结构发展不完善,界面过渡区较为疏松,存在微细裂纹,混凝土较易失去内部水分。防腐剂使得侵蚀性介质不易进入混凝土内部,防腐性能显著提高,而半浸泡养护易造成腐蚀。

  19. Analysis on Action Mechanism of Anticorrosion Concrete Packed Piles Applied in Cha Er Han Salt Lake%在察尔汗盐湖地区应用防腐蚀混凝土裹体桩作用机理的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏文财; 黄明

    2011-01-01

    该文重点对防腐蚀裹体桩的包裹材料复合土工布袋的构成、防渗性能、耐酸碱腐蚀性能和使用寿命、对混凝土裹体桩的承载力影响等方面进行分析和描述,为进一步在察尔汗盐湖地区工程建设中推广和使用防腐蚀混凝土裹体桩提供了理论和实践的依据.%The components,anti-seepage performance, acid and alkali resistance performance, serves life andinfluence by bearing capacity of anticorrosion concrete packed piles of earthwork synthetic material are analyzedand described , and it provides the basis of theories and practice in the spread and application of anticorrosionconcrete packed piles in Cha Er Han salt lake.

  20. 不锈钢表面有机-无机复合膜的制备及其抗海水腐蚀性能%Fabrication of organic-inorganic hybrid membrane on 304 stainless steel surface and its anti-corrosion properties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛瑞婷; 宋现旺; 尹衍升; 陈守刚

    2011-01-01

    以多巴胺修饰304不锈钢为基体,采用溶胶凝胶法和自组装成膜法制备了SiO2基、TiO2基和SiO2-TiO2混合基有机-无机杂化涂层.探讨了钛酸四丁酯、正硅酸乙酯和11-巯基十一烷酸(MUA)在不锈钢基体上的成膜性和成膜后的抗腐蚀性能.借助金相显微镜观察了不锈钢基体上的杂化膜的显微形貌,塔菲尔曲线和电化学阻抗谱对比分析了杂化膜的抗腐蚀性能.结果表明,MUA和TiO2、SiO2能复合成膜,膜的致密性好,具有可重复性,且引入TiO2和SiO2后,其抗腐蚀性能有较大幅度提高.%In this paper, dopamine is used to modify the surface of 304 stainless steels. TiO2 , SiO2 and TiO2/SiO2 based hybrid membranes are prepared by sol-gel process and self-assambly method. The film forming properties of tetrabutyl titanate,tetraethoxysilane and 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid ( MUA) and anti-corrosion property of the hybrid membranes are investigated. The formation and surface structure of hybrid membranes are characterized by metallurgical microscopy. The results show that hybrid membranes can be successfully fabricated on 304 stainless steel substrates and the compactneas of hybrid membranes is better than the simple organic film. The corrosion behavior of hybrid films are evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization and the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy ( EIS) . The results indicate that hybrid membranes based on the adhesive of poly( dopamine) indeed reduce the corrosion of 304 stainless steels.

  1. X65/2205耐蚀合金内衬管焊接工艺开发及焊接接头耐蚀性研究%Welding Procedure Development and Corrosion Resistance Research of Welded Joints for X65/2205 Anticorrosion Alloy Clad Pipe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张念涛; 徐连勇; 韩永典; 刘永贞; 许可望

    2012-01-01

    根据X65/2205耐蚀合金内衬管焊接特点,开发了一种钨极氩弧焊焊接工艺.对内衬管焊接接头进行了显微组织分析、点蚀试验,抗H2S应力腐蚀开裂试验(SSCC)分析.结果表明:焊接接头HAZ的显微组织靠母材一侧为粗大的奥氏体晶粒,靠焊缝一侧为奥氏体基体上分布着铁素体;根部焊缝的显微组织为奥氏体基体上分布着铁素体.经过72h的点蚀试验后,对根部焊缝而言,钨极氩孤焊背部免充气保护焊接工艺得到的根部焊缝的耐腐蚀性与相邻的根部母材相当.经过720 h SSCC试验后,焊接接头均未发生开裂.%According to the welding characteristics of X65/2205 anticorrosion alloy clad pipe, a GTAW welding technology was developed. The microstructure analysis, pitting corrosion tests and sulfide stress corrosion crack (SSCC) tests were conducted on the X65/2205 clad pipe welded joints. The results revealed that the microstructure of HAZ was coarse austenite near base metal side and ferrite distributed in the austenite matrix near the weld metal side. The microstructure in the weld metal was ferrite distributed in the austenite matrix. After 72 h pitting corrosion test , the corrosion resistance of root weld metal, which was obtained by adopting TIG welding technology of non-filling argon in the back, the corrosion resistance was commensurate to that of the adjacent base metal. After 720 h SSCC test, the result showed that no crack was observed in the welded joints.

  2. Influence of substrate topography on cathodic delamination of anticorrosive coatings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Per Aggerholm; Kiil, Søren; Dam-Johansen, Kim; Weinall, C.E.

    The cathodic delamination of a commercial magnesium silicate and titanium dioxide pigmented epoxy coating on abrasive cleaned cold rolled steel has been investigated. The rate of delamination was found to depend on interfacial transport from the artificial defect to the delamination front and...

  3. Influence of substrate topography on cathodic delamination of anticorrosive coatings

    OpenAIRE

    Sørensen, Per Aggerholm; Kiil, Søren; Dam-Johansen, Kim; Weinall, C.E.

    2009-01-01

    The cathodic delamination of a commercial magnesium silicate and titanium dioxide pigmented epoxy coating on abrasive cleaned cold rolled steel has been investigated. The rate of delamination was found to depend on interfacial transport from the artificial defect to the delamination front and thereby the substrate topography, whereas the coating thickness had little influence. The presence of a significant potential gradient between the anode and the cathode and the dependency of the delamina...

  4. ANTICORROSION PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC COATINGS CONTAINING POLYPHENYLENEDIAMINE PHOSPHATE

    OpenAIRE

    Miroslav Kohl; Andréa Kalendová

    2015-01-01

    The present work was aimed at the synthesis of polyphenylenediamine, its description and determination of parameters whose knowledge is required for the formulation of organic coatings pigmented with this compound. Polyphenylenediamine phosphate was prepared by oxidation polymerization in acidic environment. Phosphoric acid was used as the doping acid. Based on the results, pigmented organic coatings containing polyphenylenediamine at volume concentrations of 0%, 0.5%, 1%, 3%; 5%, and 10% wer...

  5. ANTICORROSION PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC COATINGS CONTAINING POLYPHENYLENEDIAMINE PHOSPHATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Kohl

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The present work was aimed at the synthesis of polyphenylenediamine, its description and determination of parameters whose knowledge is required for the formulation of organic coatings pigmented with this compound. Polyphenylenediamine phosphate was prepared by oxidation polymerization in acidic environment. Phosphoric acid was used as the doping acid. Based on the results, pigmented organic coatings containing polyphenylenediamine at volume concentrations of 0%, 0.5%, 1%, 3%; 5%, and 10% were formed. The effect of the conductive polymer on the organic coatings‘ corrosion properties was examined via accelerated corrosion tests. From the results of an accelerated corrosion test it follows that if added to an epoxy-ester coating, this pigment improves appreciably the coating‘s corrosion resistance, especially at low pigment volume concentrations.

  6. Application of Ketone-Based Resins as Anticorrosive Coating

    OpenAIRE

    Esma Sezer; Nilgün Kızılcan; Kerim Çoban

    2011-01-01

    Effect of some newly synthesized modified ketonic resins on corrosion inhibition of stainless steel (SS) and copper (Cu) was investigated in acidic medium. Carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl functionalized resins have been coated on metal electrode as a thin film by dipping method. Corrosion characteristics of coating on SS (304 L) and Cu were investigated by polarization, open-circuit, and impedance measurement. These measurements performed at different time and the stability of polymeric coat...

  7. Multifunctional oil-soluble anticorrosion additive gidrazeks-89

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Condensation product of non-symmetric dimethyl hydrazine with chlorine-derivatives of alkanoic hydrocarbons is shown to be well compatible with mineral oils and is characterized by high condensing ability. Its introduction into I-20A process oil results in low-component conservation compositions protecting carbonic steel against the atmospheric corrosion with up to 96-98% efficiency and over 0.4 volume factor of water solubilization. Refs. 5, figs. 6, tabs. 3

  8. Anticorrosive Influence of Acetobacter aceti Biofilms on Carbon Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    France, Danielle Cook

    2016-07-01

    Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of carbon steel infrastructure is an emerging environmental and cost issue for the ethanol fuel industry, yet its examination lacks rigorous quantification of microbiological parameters that could reveal effective intervention strategies. To quantitatively characterize the effect of cell concentration on MIC of carbon steel, numbers of bacteria exposed to test coupons were systematically controlled to span four orders of magnitude throughout a seven-day test. The bacterium studied, Acetobacter aceti, has been found in ethanol fuel environments and can convert ethanol to the corrosive species acetic acid. A. aceti biofilms formed during the test were qualitatively evaluated with fluorescence microscopy, and steel surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscopy. During exposure, biofilms developed more quickly, and test reactor pH decreased at a faster rate, when cell exposure was higher. Resulting corrosion rates, however, were inversely proportional to cell exposure, indicating that A. aceti biofilms are able to protect carbon steel surfaces from corrosion. This is a novel demonstration of corrosion inhibition by an acid-producing bacterium that occurs naturally in corrosive environments. Mitigation techniques for MIC that harness the power of microbial communities have the potential to be scalable, inexpensive, and green solutions to industrial problems.

  9. Development of water-soluble anti-corrosives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In addition to the new, non-pollution, water-soluble rust-proof agents, RUSMIN MK-9 and MK-11 and COAT-S, announced previously, Mitsubishi's Nagasaki Technical Institute has recently developed six more such agents, RUSMIN MK-9B, -53, -27, -45 and COAT-S and -V. (1) MK COAT-A and -V form protective films on the metal surface make it rust-proof for a prolonged period of time and yet, after serving their purposes, can be removed by water-washing without the need of alkaline degreasing of the metal surface. (2) RUSMIN MK-9B and -53 are additives for water in closed or open circulating cooling-water system. RUSMIN MK-9 is an additive for cooling water for various kinds of machine bearings used in the thermal power plant, as well as for secondary cooling water for the heat exchanger in the atomic power plant. RUSMIN MK-53 is an additive for cooling water for the heat exchanger in the chemical plant or for cooling water for the building air-conditioning. (3) RUSMIN MK-27 is an additive for sea water filling the ship's ballast tank or for sea water used in hydraulic systems in the chemical plant and water-making plant. Effluent containing RUSMIN MK-27 is completely pollution-free and hence can be discharged into stream or harbor water. (4) RUSMIN MK-45 is an additive for cooling water for the diesel engine. Compared with the conventional water-soluble, emulsion-type, and oily rust-proof agents, all these new agents are not poisonous and contain very little pollutants which are restricted by the Water Pollution Control Law. Effluents containing these agents, therefore, require no treatment before discharge. (author)

  10. Electrochemical measurements of siloxane polymers for anticorrosion coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: We report on the ability of various coatings, prepared from model organofunctional silanes of form (C3H7)Si(CH3)n(OH)3.n, where n = 1,2 or 3, to provide a barrier to corrosion. These coatings have been characterised with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. Surface coatings from pH 2 and 4 aqueous solutions of these materials have been formed on the native oxide of aluminium, and studied with XPS at Flinders and EIS at LaTrobe. Our results show an interesting correlation between the number of active silanol species and the corrosion performance of the respective coating. Copyright (2005) Australian Institute of Physics

  11. CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM CONTAINING ANTI-CORROSION FILMS ON MILD STEEL

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Yuan Feng

    2010-01-01

    Under normal conditions, cathodically protected mild steel in seawater is protected by a precipitated film of calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide, the so-called calcareous film. This study has attempted to investigate the dynamics of calcareous deposit formation during cathodic protection and the composition of calcareous deposits formed under different applied current densities, and also the role played by the initial current density in forming a good quality calcareous deposit. In add...

  12. A feasibility study of anticorrosion applications of modified hydrotalcites in reinforced concrete

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Z.; Fischer, H.R.; Polder, R.B.

    2012-01-01

    A carbonate form of Mg-Al-hydrotalcite with Mg/Al =2 and its p-aminobenzoate (pAB) modified derivative were synthesized and characterized by means of XRD, IR and TG/DSC. Mg(2)Al-CO3 was prepared by a coprecipitation method and was subsequently modified by pAB through the calcination-rehydration tech

  13. Anti-corrosive Conversion Coating on Aluminium Alloys Using High Temperature Steam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Din, Rameez Ud; Jellesen, Morten Stendahl; Ambat, Rajan

    Aluminium is extensively used as a structural material due to its excellent strength to weight ratio and corrosion resistance properties. The surface of aluminium under normal conditions has a thin oxide film (1-10nm) which provides corrosion resistance. However due to lower thickness, flaws and...... heterogeneity of native oxide layer does not provide long time corrosion resistance and adhesion of organic coating for a particular function in different environments. In order to enhance the corrosion resistance and adhesion of organic coating, the aluminium native oxide layer is treated to transform or...... chemistries based on pH and oxidizing capabilities. Treatment is carried out in an autoclave at a temperature of 110 – 112 °C and pressure of 5 Psi for varying times. The growth and composition of the oxide layer was investigated in detail as a function of microstructure using GD-OES, FEG-SEM, EDX, FIB...

  14. Anti-corrosion layer prepared by plasma electrolytic carbonitriding on pure aluminum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • PEC/N can be applied to low melting point metal. • The spectroscopic characterization of plasma discharge is investigated. • Electron concentration and electron temperature are evaluated for PEC/N. • Phase composition of the carbonitrided layer is determined. • PEC/N improves the corrosion resistance of aluminum greatly. - Abstract: In this paper, plasma electrolytic carbonitriding (PEC/N) method was applied to pure aluminum for the first time. The spectroscopic characterization of plasma discharge during PEC/N process was analyzed and the electron temperature was calculated in terms of optical emission spectroscopy. The results showed the discharge plasma was in local thermal equilibrium (LTE) state. Electron concentration and electron temperature were about 6 × 1021 m−3 and 4000 K, respectively. The carbonitrided layer contained Al4C3, AlN and Al7C3N3 phases. After PEC/N treatment, the corrosion resistance of pure aluminum was significantly improved, which was related to the formation of nitride phases. This work expands the application of plasma electrolysis technology on the surface modification of low melting point metal

  15. Synthesis of durable microcapsules for self-healing anticorrosive coatings: A comparison of selected methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nesterova, Tatyana; Dam-Johansen, Kim; Kiil, Søren

    2011-01-01

    Self-healing materials have the ability to ‘repair’ themselves upon exposure to an external stimulus. In the field of coatings, extensive laboratory research has been conducted on these so-called smart materials in the last decade. In the present work, a self-healing concept for epoxy-based antic......Self-healing materials have the ability to ‘repair’ themselves upon exposure to an external stimulus. In the field of coatings, extensive laboratory research has been conducted on these so-called smart materials in the last decade. In the present work, a self-healing concept for epoxy......, for the concept to work, microcapsules have to be strong enough to remain intact during storage and coating formulation and application. Furthermore, the capsules must remain stable for many years in the dry coating. Laboratory experiments, using four out of several encapsulation methods available...... in the literature, have been conducted to investigate the challenges associated with the synthesis of stable microcapsules. It was found that the nature of the core material strongly affects the microcapsule stability and performance. Furthermore, it was evident that experimental procedures developed for certain...

  16. Comparison of anti-corrosion properties of polyurethane based composite coatings with low infrared emissivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Yajun, E-mail: wangyajun609@163.com [College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); Xu Guoyue; Yu Huijuan; Hu Chen; Yan Xiaoxing; Guo Tengchao; Li Jiufen [College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China)

    2011-03-01

    Four polyurethane resins, pure polyurethane (PU), epoxy modified polyurethane (EPU), fluorinated polyurethane (FPU) and epoxy modified fluorinated polyurethane (EFPU), with similar polyurethane backbone structure but different grafting group were used as organic adhesive for preparing low infrared emissivity coatings with an extremely low emissivity near 0.10 at 8-14 {mu}m, respectively. By using these four resins, the effect of different resin matrics on the corrosion protection of the low infrared emissivity coatings was investigated in detail by using neutral salt spray test, SEM and FTIR. It was found that the emissivity of the coatings with different resin matrics changes significantly in corrosion media. And the results indicated that the coating using EFPU as organic adhesive exhibited excellent corrosion resistance property which was mainly attributed to the presence of epoxy group and atomic fluorine in binder simultaneously.

  17. Characterization of steam generated anti-corrosive oxide films on Aluminium alloys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Din, Rameez Ud; Jellesen, Morten Stendahl; Ambat, Rajan

    2014-01-01

    hexavalent chromium is strictly regulated due to its toxic nature and suspected carcinogenicity. So, it is highly imperative to develop other alternatives for chrome conversion coatings. Treatment of aluminium with natural water at elevated temperatures results in the formation of different forms of...... converted or transformed into functional conversion coatings in order to enhance corrosion resistance and adhesion to paint systems. Chromium based conversion coatings have been extensively used on aluminium alloys to improve adhesion of subsequent paint layers and corrosion resistance. However, the use of...

  18. 大型天线防腐技术%Anticorrosion technology for large antenna

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董长胜; 张伟明; 王建宅; 银秋华; 黄晓群; 任兵锐; 张亚林; 曹江涛

    2014-01-01

    Large Antennas have been widely used in the aerospace ,deep‐space exploration and broadcast ,w hich are essential in the communication .T hey are fabricated by metal ,w hich can be easily corroded .Corrosion will deteriorate the appearance and performance ,even cause the security problem .By analyzing the necessary ,theory and influence factors of antenna corro‐sion ,many methods are proposed ,w hich contains optimizing materials ,structures ,designs , coatings ,and transportation .%大型天线广泛地应用在航空航天、深空探测、广播通信等领域,成为信息传递必不可少的设备。其多采用金属材料制造,因此在长期的室外工作环境下,极易发生腐蚀。金属材料的腐蚀将严重影响天线的性能和外观,甚至会产生人员与设备的安全问题。本文结合实际情况通过分析天线腐蚀的必要性、腐蚀机理和影响因素,结合实际情况为天线的防腐提供了优化材料、结构、加工工艺设计、喷镀金属涂层防护、涂料涂装防护、运输安装过程的防护、已损坏防护层的修复等方法,实现天线的长效防腐。

  19. A novel method to prepare superhydrophobic, UV resistance and anti-corrosion steel surface

    KAUST Repository

    Isimjan, Tayirjan T.

    2012-11-01

    Both TiO 2 and SiO 2 coated steel surfaces containing micro- and nanoscale binary structures with different surface roughness were successfully fabricated by means of a facile layer by layer deposition process followed by heat treatment. The resulting surfaces were modified by the low free energy chemical PTES (1H,1H,2H,2H-Perfluorodecyltriethoxysilane). The experimental results of wettability exhibit that such modified surfaces have a strong repulsive force to water droplets, their static contact angles exceed 165°, receding angle>160°, advanced angles>170° and slide angle<1°. The resulting surfaces not only exhibit superhydrophobic properties but also show strong UV resistance (after coating SiO 2 on top of TiO 2) and strong stability to various solvents including 0.01% HCl solution. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

  20. Reduction of cathodic delamination rates of anticorrosive coatings using free radical scavengers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Per Aggerholm; Weinell, C. E.; Dam-Johansen, Kim;

    2010-01-01

    formed as intermediates in the cathodic reaction during the corrosion process. In this study, antioxidants (i.e., free radical scavengers and peroxide decomposers) have been incorporated into various generic types of coatings to investigate the effect of antioxidants on the rate of cathodic delamination......, copper, aluminum, galvanized steel, and brass also showed a reduction in the rate of cathodic delamination when the coating was modified with a free radical scavenger. The protective mechanism of free radical scavengers investigated for the primers are similar to that of antioxidants used for protection...... against photochemical degradation by UV-radiation of top coatings. Both substrate corrosion and degradation of a coating exposed to UV-radiation lead to the formation of free radicals as reactive intermediates....

  1. Anti-corrosion layer prepared by plasma electrolytic carbonitriding on pure aluminum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jie; Zhang, Yifan; Liu, Run; Wang, Bin; Hua, Ming; Xue, Wenbin

    2015-08-01

    In this paper, plasma electrolytic carbonitriding (PEC/N) method was applied to pure aluminum for the first time. The spectroscopic characterization of plasma discharge during PEC/N process was analyzed and the electron temperature was calculated in terms of optical emission spectroscopy. The results showed the discharge plasma was in local thermal equilibrium (LTE) state. Electron concentration and electron temperature were about 6 × 1021 m-3 and 4000 K, respectively. The carbonitrided layer contained Al4C3, AlN and Al7C3N3 phases. After PEC/N treatment, the corrosion resistance of pure aluminum was significantly improved, which was related to the formation of nitride phases. This work expands the application of plasma electrolysis technology on the surface modification of low melting point metal.

  2. Anti-corrosion layer prepared by plasma electrolytic carbonitriding on pure aluminum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Jie; Zhang, Yifan; Liu, Run; Wang, Bin; Hua, Ming [Key Laboratory for Beam Technology and Materials Modification of Ministry of Education, College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Beijing Radiation Center, Beijing 100875 (China); Xue, Wenbin, E-mail: xuewb@bnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Beam Technology and Materials Modification of Ministry of Education, College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Beijing Radiation Center, Beijing 100875 (China)

    2015-08-30

    Highlights: • PEC/N can be applied to low melting point metal. • The spectroscopic characterization of plasma discharge is investigated. • Electron concentration and electron temperature are evaluated for PEC/N. • Phase composition of the carbonitrided layer is determined. • PEC/N improves the corrosion resistance of aluminum greatly. - Abstract: In this paper, plasma electrolytic carbonitriding (PEC/N) method was applied to pure aluminum for the first time. The spectroscopic characterization of plasma discharge during PEC/N process was analyzed and the electron temperature was calculated in terms of optical emission spectroscopy. The results showed the discharge plasma was in local thermal equilibrium (LTE) state. Electron concentration and electron temperature were about 6 × 10{sup 21} m{sup −3} and 4000 K, respectively. The carbonitrided layer contained Al{sub 4}C{sub 3}, AlN and Al{sub 7}C{sub 3}N{sub 3} phases. After PEC/N treatment, the corrosion resistance of pure aluminum was significantly improved, which was related to the formation of nitride phases. This work expands the application of plasma electrolysis technology on the surface modification of low melting point metal.

  3. Anticorrosion properties of inorganic pigments surface-modified with a polyaniline phosphate layer

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kalendová, A.; Veselý, D.; Stejskal, Jaroslav; Trchová, Miroslava

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 2 (2008), s. 209-221. ISSN 0300-9440 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : polyaniline * conducting polymer * coating Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry Impact factor: 1.375, year: 2008

  4. Antioxidant and anticorrosive properties of oil palm frond lignins extracted with different techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Hussin, M. Hazwan; Shah, Affaizza Mohd; Rahim, Afidah Abdul; Ibrahim, Mohamad Nasir Mohamad; Perrin, Dominique; Brosse, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    Context Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) fronds are produced as waste during the harvest of oil palm fruits. It mainly consists of cellulose, lignin, and hemicelluloses. Lignins like other polyphenols are potent free radical scavengers and are considered to be a valuable source of antioxidant phenolic compounds. AimsThe aim was to quantify the antioxidant properties of lignins extracted from oil palm biomass using Kraft, soda, and organosolv pulping. The potential of the extracted lignins a...

  5. Comparison of anti-corrosion properties of polyurethane based composite coatings with low infrared emissivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four polyurethane resins, pure polyurethane (PU), epoxy modified polyurethane (EPU), fluorinated polyurethane (FPU) and epoxy modified fluorinated polyurethane (EFPU), with similar polyurethane backbone structure but different grafting group were used as organic adhesive for preparing low infrared emissivity coatings with an extremely low emissivity near 0.10 at 8-14 μm, respectively. By using these four resins, the effect of different resin matrics on the corrosion protection of the low infrared emissivity coatings was investigated in detail by using neutral salt spray test, SEM and FTIR. It was found that the emissivity of the coatings with different resin matrics changes significantly in corrosion media. And the results indicated that the coating using EFPU as organic adhesive exhibited excellent corrosion resistance property which was mainly attributed to the presence of epoxy group and atomic fluorine in binder simultaneously.

  6. Anticorrosion efficiency of zinc-filled epoxy coatings containing conducting polymers and pigments

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kalendová, A.; Veselý, D.; Kohl, M.; Stejskal, Jaroslav

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 78, January (2015), s. 1-20. ISSN 0300-9440 Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : conducting polymer * zinc metal * organic coating Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry Impact factor: 2.358, year: 2014

  7. Exposure Test on Two Surface Anticorrosion Technologies for Marine Concrete Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Haicheng; Xiong, Jianbo; Su, Quanke; Yan, Yu

    2014-01-01

    This paper is to study the effect of surface coating and silane hydrophobic agents for high performance concrete durability in a marine environment of tidal zone and splash zone by exposure test in JiaoZhou Bay. The results indicated that surface coating had good protection and coating quality after a 5-year period and the adhesive strength with concrete surface was more than 2.5 MPa. Surface coating can effectively improve chloride ion penetration resistance of concrete structures. The subst...

  8. Effect of alloy elements on the anti-corrosion properties of low alloy steel

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Baorong Hou; Yantao Li; Yanxu Li; Jinglei Zhang

    2000-06-01

    Effect of alloy elements on corrosion of low alloy steel was studied under simulated offshore conditions. The results showed that the elements Cu, P, Mo, W, V had evident effect on corrosion resistance in the atmosphere zone; Cu, P, V, Mo in the splash zone and Cr, Al, Mo in the submerged zone.

  9. Anti-corrosion Treatment of Steel Construction%钢结构的防腐处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许伟

    2011-01-01

    近几年钢结构建筑的发展异常迅猛。钢结构的广泛应用也暴露出一系列的缺点,较为严重的是钢结构的腐蚀。对钢结构防腐处理进行了综述。%The rapid development of steel construction anomalies in recent years.However,extensive use of steel has also revealed a number of weaknesses,but more serious is the corrosion of steel.Anti-corrosion Treatment for stell construction was reviewed.

  10. Polyester-Bentonite Clay Composite: Synthesis, Characterization and Application as Anticorrosive Agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subramanian Chitra

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available New polyester-bentonite clay composite was prepared and characterized by FTIR, TGA, SEM& XRD. The XRD and SEM studies are quite supportive of well dispersed polymer clay composite formation. The thermal stability of the polymer was significantly improved as indicated by TGA. The composite was evaluated for its inhibition performance for mild steel corrosion in 1M H2SO4 by weight loss, polarization and electrochemical impedance techniques. The studies reveal that the clay composite was an excellent adsorption type inhibitor and obeys Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Electrochemical studies showed that the polymer composite was a mixed inhibitor retarding both anodic metal dissolution and cathodic hydrogen evolution.

  11. Microcapsule-based self-healing anticorrosive coatings: Capsule size, coating formulation, and exposure testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nesterova, Tatyana; Dam-Johansen, Kim; Pedersen, Lars Thorslund;

    2012-01-01

    actual self-healing effect was not part of this work. The synthesis parameters investigated are stirrer geometry, agitation rate, temperature, and stabilizer concentration. It was found that an increase in stirring rate, correct choice of temperature, and a high stabilizer concentration all caused a...... (CPVC) was conducted using gloss measurements and a PVC ladder and found to be about 30 vol%. Due to the rather large capsules used (relative to the coating thickness), the low CPVC value can probably be ascribed to a fairly low packing efficiency in the coating, but this needs to be confirmed. Coating...

  12. Anti-corrosive properties of Argan oil on C38 steel in molar HCl solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Afia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Corrosion inhibition effect of Argan oil (AO on corrosion of C38 steel in 1 M HCl solution was investigated using weight loss measurements, electrochemical polarization and EIS methods. Results obtained reveal that Argan oil acts as a mixed inhibitor without modifying the hydrogen reduction mechanism. The inhibition efficiency increases with increased Argan oil concentration to attain a maximum value of 81% at 3 g/L. The inhibition efficiency of Argan oil decreases with the rise of temperature. Argan oil is adsorbed on the steel surface according to Langmuir isotherm model. The parameters (Ea∗,ΔHa∗,ΔG∗ andΔSa∗ were estimated and discussed. The fundamental thermodynamic functions were used to glean important information about Argan oil’s inhibitory behavior.

  13. Anti-corrosive properties of Argan oil on C38 steel in molar HCl solution

    OpenAIRE

    Afia, L.; R. Salghi; L. Bammou; El. Bazzi; B. Hammouti; L. Bazzi; A. BOUYANZER

    2014-01-01

    Corrosion inhibition effect of Argan oil (AO) on corrosion of C38 steel in 1 M HCl solution was investigated using weight loss measurements, electrochemical polarization and EIS methods. Results obtained reveal that Argan oil acts as a mixed inhibitor without modifying the hydrogen reduction mechanism. The inhibition efficiency increases with increased Argan oil concentration to attain a maximum value of 81% at 3 g/L. The inhibition efficiency of Argan oil decreases with the rise of temperatu...

  14. Research on anti-corrosion property of rare earth inhibitor for X70 steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Yanhua; ZHUANG Jia; YU Yongsheng; ZENG Xianguang

    2013-01-01

    Three kinds of rare earth nitrates were adopted to sodium molybdate to get three kinds of LnN-M compounded inhibitors (La(NO3)3+Na2MoO4(LaN-M),Ce(NO3)3+Na2MoO4(CeN-M),Pr(NO3)3+Na2MoO4(PrN-M)).The combination of weight-loss method and the electrochemical test,was used to evaluate and analyze the corrosion inhibition efficiency of these LnN-M inhibitors to make the research on their corrosion inhibition performance,and the sequential order of their performance was found as follows:CeN-M> LaN-M>PrN-M,among which,the inhibition efficiency of CeN-M for the X70 steel could reach 98.21%.The synergism parameters were calculated by weight-loss method,these computational data indicated that the synergistic effect between rare earth nitrates and sodium molybdate was obvious and significant.Surface morphology,chemical composition and phase components of the precipitation films were tested for discussing the mechanism of LnN-M inhibitors.The outer electronic configuration of the lanthanide was found to have an important influence on the inhibition efficiency.The CeN-M inhibitor was discovered to have the best inhibition effect with the amorphous cerium oxides.The results of this research revealed that the precipitation films formed on the surface of the steel samples had a crucial influence on the inhibition efficiencies after adding LnN-M inhibitors.

  15. Cathodic delamination of seawater-immersed anticorrosive coatings: Mapping of parameters affecting the rate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Per Aggerholm; Dam-Johansen, Kim; Weinell, C. E.;

    2010-01-01

    Abstract: Cathodic delamination is one of the major modes of failure for organic coatings immersed in seawater and refers to the weakening or loss of adhesion between the coating and the substrate. The diminished adhesion is the result of electrochemical reactions occurring at the coating...

  16. Spectroscopic examinations, antimicrobial and anti-corrosive evaluations of polyurethanes synthesized from Thevetia peruviana seed oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. O. Siyanbola

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Seed oil based polyurethane resins were synthesized from underutilized plant seedlings of Thevetia peruviana (yellow oleanda. The seed oil was converted to partial glycerides (PG polyol using calcium oxide as catalyst. The polyol was treated with varying ratios of isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI in order to synthesize partial glyceride urethanes (PGU films. The PG intermediate and PGU products were characterized using FT-IR, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. Physico-chemical parameters like acid value, hydroxyl value, viscosity and refractive index were also examined. Corrosion stability of coated panels was studied in the salt spray chamber. Thermal stability and antimicrobial study of the films were also evaluated.

  17. Relationship between the surface activity plasticizing and anticorrosion action of synergic mixtures of surfactants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relationship between the adsorption properties of combined (mixed) SAM of synergic action (examplified by tetrabutylammonium iodide, containing surface-active components, viz, organic cation and I--anion) and their effect on microhardness of steel and its corrosion in acidic medium is studied. It is shown that SAM of this type having a considerable adsorptivity ensuring high (close to threshold) filling degree for the metal surface simultaneously exhibit (owing to a common cause) an inmcreased plastificating and inhibitory effect

  18. Electrochemical and anticorrosion performances of zinc-rich and polyaniline powder coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, hydrochloride polyaniline (PANI-Cl) powder was incorporated as a conductive pigment into powder zinc-rich primer (ZRP) formulations in order to enhance the electronic conduction paths between zinc particles inside the coating and the steel substrate (i.e. percolation). Coatings were applied onto steel substrates and immersed in a 3% NaCl solution at ambient temperature. The protective properties and electrochemical behaviour of coatings were investigated by monitoring the free corrosion potential versus time and by using EIS. It was found that corrosion potential remains cathodic and constant for a long time up to 100 days of immersion. From EIS results, it was shown that the coatings exhibit larger impedance values than those observed with liquid or other zinc-rich powder formulations containing carbon black. From Raman spectroscopy results, it may be proposed that zinc particles in contact with PANI-Cl pigments were passivated. Other zinc particles remain still active which ensures the cathodic protection of the substrate. Moreover, coatings exhibit good barrier properties

  19. Thermally Sprayable Anti-corrosion Marine Coatings Based on MAH-g-LDPE/UHMWPE Nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeeva Jothi, K.; Santhoskumar, A. U.; Amanulla, Syed; Palanivelu, K.

    2014-12-01

    Polymer composite coatings based on low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) blends were prepared for marine coatings. The incorporation of carboxyl moiety in the polymer blends of LDPE/UHMWPE was carried out by grafting with maleic anhydride (MAH) at varying concentrations of 1-8 wt.% using reactive extrusion process. An optimum percentage of grafting of 2.1% was achieved with 5 wt.% of maleic anhydride. Further, the nanocomposites of MAH-grafted-LDPE/UHMWPE blends were prepared by incorporating cloisite 15A nanoclay at varying concentrations of 1-4 wt.%. The polymer nanocomposites were converted into fine powders suitable for thermal spray having ≤200 μ particle size using cryogenic grinding. The effect of the intact coatings applied on grit-blasted mild steel by thermal spray technique was evaluated for abrasion resistance, adhesion strength, and corrosion resistance. The corrosion resistance of the polymer nanocomposites was studied by salt spray technique and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy The abrasion resistance of coatings increases with increasing UHMWPE content in the blends. However, blends with higher concentration of UHMWPE resulted in coarse coatings with poor adhesion. The coatings with 90:10 MAH-grafted-LDPE/UHMWPE having 3 wt.% of nanoclay showed good abrasion resistance, adhesion strength, and better corrosion resistance.

  20. Electropolymerization of poly (aniline-co-o-anisidine) on copper and its anticorrosion properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poly(aniline-co-o-anisidine) of copolymer coatings was synthesized on the copper surface (Cu) with two different amounts of p-toluenesulfonic acid (p-TSA) added to the aqueous sodium oxalate (NaOX) solution. The copper substrates in NaOX solutions containing p-TSA acid had a fairly reliable passive surface mainly due to the formation of copper (II) oxalate layer. The addition of p-TSA acid to the working electrolyte contributed to both the amount of copolymer deposition (growth) and that of copolymer coated per unit time of electropolymerization (growth rate). The growth of copolymer coating on Cu electrode was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The corrosion performances of copolymer coatings were investigated in 3.5% NaCl solution with anodic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that p-TSA acid led to the diminishing of the permeability of the copolymer films. The copolymer coatings exhibited an effective barrier property on copper electrode and a remarkable anodic protection to substrate for longer exposure time

  1. Roentgenological methods of evaluating protective properties of anticorrosion vanish- and paint coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Corrosion processes under vanish-and-paint coatings at steel substrate are investigated by measuring intensities of X-ray reflexes of corrosion prducts. To increase the sensitivity of photography a method of slanted X-ray photography was used, the thickness of steel coating of substrate being less than the depth of ray penetration. Copper radiation was used, which is most easily absorbed by irn substrate. The method of diffracted radiaion monochromatization was applied to increase signal/background ratio. Multiple cycle measurement-test-measurement is quite possible

  2. Comparison of anti-corrosion properties of polyurethane based composite coatings with low infrared emissivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yajun; Xu, Guoyue; Yu, Huijuan; Hu, Chen; Yan, Xiaoxing; Guo, Tengchao; Li, Jiufen

    2011-03-01

    Four polyurethane resins, pure polyurethane (PU), epoxy modified polyurethane (EPU), fluorinated polyurethane (FPU) and epoxy modified fluorinated polyurethane (EFPU), with similar polyurethane backbone structure but different grafting group were used as organic adhesive for preparing low infrared emissivity coatings with an extremely low emissivity near 0.10 at 8-14 μm, respectively. By using these four resins, the effect of different resin matrics on the corrosion protection of the low infrared emissivity coatings was investigated in detail by using neutral salt spray test, SEM and FTIR. It was found that the emissivity of the coatings with different resin matrics changes significantly in corrosion media. And the results indicated that the coating using EFPU as organic adhesive exhibited excellent corrosion resistance property which was mainly attributed to the presence of epoxy group and atomic fluorine in binder simultaneously.

  3. Nanosheets of catex on the basis of calcium polytitanate as anti-corrosion pigments

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kváča, Zdeněk; Šubrt, Jan; Kalendová, A.; Kalenda, P.; Veselý, D.; Mohyla, M.

    Brno : Vysoké učení technické v Brně, 2005, s. 43-43. ISBN 80-214-3044-3. [NANO '05. Brno (CZ), 08.11.2005-10.11.2005] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : nanosheet * titanate * anti corrosion Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry

  4. A novel application of g-C3N4 thin film in photoelectrochemical anticorrosion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study investigated the photo-to-current conversion properties and photoelectrochemical cathodic protection performance of g-C3N4 in 304 stainless steel under visible or white light illumination for the first time. The results showed that the g-C3N4 thin film could provide 304 stainless steel with very good cathodic protection in the presence of light irradiation. The application of this material represents a potential breakthrough in photoelectrochemical cathodic protection technology

  5. Understanding the effect of nanoporosity on optimizing the performance of self-healing materials for anti-corrosion applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The chromate-based epoxy primer film was prepared on glass and metal surfaces using various graded doctor blades. The quality and consistency of the films was assessed using scanning electron microscopy and the porosity within the film characterized by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. The positron lifetime (τ) distribution for the epoxy polymer matrix was resolved using the CONTIN program. The free volume was found from the ortho-positronium component. The optimum thickness for the films was established for future structure/activity studies.

  6. Optimal conditions for the deposition of novel anticorrosive coatings by RF magnetron sputtering for aluminum alloy AA6082

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Non-conventional technique for improving the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys. • Effect of the deposition parameters: power, substrate temperature and deposition time. • Changes in the crystallinity of the coatings are observed with the temperature. • The structure of these coatings is found to be dependent on the nature of the substrate. • La coatings can provide a better physical barrier to inhibit the corrosion attack. - Abstract: Cerium and lanthanum coatings were deposited on glass, silicon (1 0 0), and aluminum alloy by RF magnetron sputtering in which several experimental conditions such as power, substrate temperature, and deposition time were varied, using pure CeO2 and La2O3 targets. The effect of deposition parameters on the bonding structure, surface morphology and properties against corrosion of rare earth (RE) coatings formed on metallic substrate was reported. The microstructure and chemistry of the thin film were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS); whereas their use as corrosion resistant coatings was studied in aqueous NaCl solution (3.0 wt%) by using polarization curves. Variations in these properties were observed by increasing the substrate temperature which modifies the crystallinity of the rare earth coatings. XRD and XPS findings indicate that the cerium coatings are composed by CeO2 and a significant quantity of Ce2O3 due to oxygen deficiency in the sputtering chamber, whereas La2O3/La(OH)3 and some La intermetallic compounds are detected in the lanthanum films. Variations in the Ecorr and Icorr were found as a function of the thickness, texture, and morphology of the as-prepared coatings

  7. Optimal conditions for the deposition of novel anticorrosive coatings by RF magnetron sputtering for aluminum alloy AA6082

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brachetti-Sibaja, S.B. [Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Postgraduate Student of CICATA-Unidad Altamira (Mexico); Instituto Tecnológico de Cd. Madero, Cd. Madero, Tamaulipas (Mexico); Domínguez-Crespo, M.A., E-mail: mdominguezc@ipn.mx [CICATA-Altamira, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, IPN Km 14.5 Carretera Tampico-Puerto Industrial Altamira, C.P. 89600 Altamira, Tamaulipas (Mexico); Rodil, S.E. [Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, IIM, D.F. (Mexico); Torres-Huerta, A.M. [CICATA-Altamira, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, IPN Km 14.5 Carretera Tampico-Puerto Industrial Altamira, C.P. 89600 Altamira, Tamaulipas (Mexico)

    2014-12-05

    Highlights: • Non-conventional technique for improving the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys. • Effect of the deposition parameters: power, substrate temperature and deposition time. • Changes in the crystallinity of the coatings are observed with the temperature. • The structure of these coatings is found to be dependent on the nature of the substrate. • La coatings can provide a better physical barrier to inhibit the corrosion attack. - Abstract: Cerium and lanthanum coatings were deposited on glass, silicon (1 0 0), and aluminum alloy by RF magnetron sputtering in which several experimental conditions such as power, substrate temperature, and deposition time were varied, using pure CeO{sub 2} and La{sub 2}O{sub 3} targets. The effect of deposition parameters on the bonding structure, surface morphology and properties against corrosion of rare earth (RE) coatings formed on metallic substrate was reported. The microstructure and chemistry of the thin film were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS); whereas their use as corrosion resistant coatings was studied in aqueous NaCl solution (3.0 wt%) by using polarization curves. Variations in these properties were observed by increasing the substrate temperature which modifies the crystallinity of the rare earth coatings. XRD and XPS findings indicate that the cerium coatings are composed by CeO{sub 2} and a significant quantity of Ce{sub 2}O{sub 3} due to oxygen deficiency in the sputtering chamber, whereas La{sub 2}O{sub 3}/La(OH){sub 3} and some La intermetallic compounds are detected in the lanthanum films. Variations in the E{sub corr} and I{sub corr} were found as a function of the thickness, texture, and morphology of the as-prepared coatings.

  8. Anti-Corrosive Effect of Tridax Procumbens – Zn2+ System Controlling the Corrosion of Carbon Steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Kumar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The corrosion inhibition efficiency (IE of an aqueous extract Tridax Procumbens(TP in controlling the corrosion of carbon steel aqueous medium containing 60 ppm of chloride ions in absence and presence of Zn2+ has been studied by weight loss method. The formulation consisting of 1 ml of Tridax Procumbens extract and 150 ppm of Zn2+ offers 96% inhibition efficiency. The synergistic effect exists between Tridax Procumbens and Zn2+ system. Polarization study shows that the Tridax Procumbens – Zn2+ system function as a cathodic inhibitor. AC impedance spectra reveal that a protective film formed on the surface. The Adsorption equilibrium exhibited better fit to Langmuir isotherm than Freundlich isotherm. FTIR spectra reveal that the protective film consists of Fe2+ -Tridax Procumbens and Zn(OH2.

  9. Excellent anti-corrosive pretreatment layer on iron substrate based on three-dimensional porous phytic acid/silane hybrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xiang; Lu, Ke; Xu, Lei; Xu, Hua; Lu, Haifeng; Gao, Feng; Hou, Shifeng; Ma, Houyi

    2016-01-21

    A novel, highly effective and environmentally friendly film-forming material, phytic acid (PA)/silane (denoted as PAS) hybrid with a three-dimensional (3D) network structure, was prepared through a condensation reaction of PA with methyltrihydroxysilane generated from the hydrolysis of methyltriethoxysilane (MTES). Two kinds of PAS-based pretreatment layers, namely NaBrO3-free and NaBrO3-doped PAS layers, were fabricated on iron substrates using the dip-coating method. SEM and AFM observations showed that the as-fabricated PAS-based layers possessed a 3D porous microstructure at the nanoscale and a rough surface morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) and attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopic characterization demonstrated that the above PAS layers bound to the iron surface via the -P-O- bond. Moreover, analyses of steady-state polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) data indicated that the corrosion rates of the iron substrates decreased considerably in the presence of the two PAS-based pretreatment layers. In particular, the NaBrO3-dosed PAS layer displayed the better corrosion resistance ability as well as maintaining the original microstructure and surface morphology. The PAS-based pretreatment layers are expected to act as substitutes for chromate and phosphate conversion layers and will find widespread application in the surface pretreatment of iron and steel materials due to the advantages of being environmentally friendly, the rapid film-forming process, and, especially, the nanoporous microstructure and rough surface morphology. PMID:26689810

  10. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and Potentiodynamic Polarization Analysis on Anticorrosive Activity of Thiophene-2-Carbaldehyde Derivative in Acid Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nimmy Kuriakose

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The corrosion inhibition efficiency of thiophene-2-carbaldehyde tryptophan (T2CTRY on mild steel (MS in 1 M HCl solution has been investigated and compared using weight loss measurements, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and potentiodynamic polarization analysis. The Schiff base exhibited very good corrosion inhibition on mild steel in HCl medium and the inhibition efficiency increased with the increase in concentration of the inhibitor. The adsorption of the inhibitor on the surface of the corroding metal obeys Freundlich isotherm. Thermodynamic parameters (Kads, ΔG ads0 were calculated using adsorption isotherm. Polarization studies revealed that T2CTRY acts as a mixed type inhibitor. A maximum of 96.2% inhibition efficiency was achieved by EIS studies at a concentration of 1 mM.

  11. Anticorrosive effects and in vitro cytocompatibility of calcium silicate/zinc-doped hydroxyapatite composite coatings on titanium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yong; Zhang, Honglei; Qiao, Haixia; Nian, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Xuejiao; Wang, Wendong; Zhang, Xiaoyun; Chang, Xiaotong; Han, Shuguang; Pang, Xiaofeng

    2015-12-01

    This work elucidated the corrosion resistance and cytocompatibility of electroplated Zn- and Si-containing bioactive calcium silicate/zinc-doped hydroxyapatite (ZnHA/CS) ceramic coatings on commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti). The formation of ZnHA/CS coating was investigated through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray and inductively coupled plasma analyses. The XRD image showed that the reaction layer was mainly composed of HA and CaSiO3. The fabricated ZnHA/CS coatings presented a porous structure and appropriate thickness for possible applications in orthopaedic surgery. Potentiodynamic polarization tests showed that ZnHA/CS coatings exhibited higher corrosion resistance than CP-Ti. Dissolution tests on the coating also revealed that Si4+ and Zn2+ were leached at low levels. Moreover, MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on ZnHA/CS featured improved cell morphology, adhesion, spreading, proliferation and expression of alkaline phosphatase than those cultured on HA. The high cytocompatibility of ZnHA/CS could be mainly attributed to the combination of micro-porous surface effects and ion release (Zn2+ and Si4+). All these results indicate that ZnHA/CS composite-coated CP-Ti may be a potential material for orthopaedic applications.

  12. Effects of surface treatment of aluminium alloy 1050 on the adhesion and anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharifi Golru, S., E-mail: samanesharifi@aut.ac.ir [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Attar, M.M., E-mail: attar@aut.ac.ir [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ramezanzadeh, B. [Department of Surface Coating and Corrosion, Institute for Color Science and Technology, No. 59,Vafamanesh St, Hosainabad Sq, Lavizan, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-08-01

    Highlights: • Aluminium alloy 1050 was treated by zirconium-based (Zr) conversion coating. • The surface morphology and surface free energy of the samples were obtained. • The adhesion properties of the epoxy coating was studied on the treated samples. • The corrosion resistance of the epoxy coating was enhanced on treated samples. - Abstract: The objective of this work is to investigate the effects of zirconium-based (Zr) conversion coating on the adhesion properties and corrosion resistance of an epoxy/polyamide coating applied on the aluminium alloy 1050 (AA1050). Field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrum (EDS), atomic force microscope (AFM) and contact angle measuring device were employed in order to characterize the surface characteristics of the Zr treated AA1050 samples. The epoxy/polyamide coating was applied on the untreated and Zr treated samples. The epoxy coating adhesion to the aluminium substrate was evaluated by pull-off test before and after 30 days immersion in 3.5% w/w NaCl solution. In addition, the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and salt spray tests were employed to characterize the corrosion protection properties of the epoxy coating applied on the AA1050 samples. Results revealed that the surface treatment of AA1050 by zirconium conversion coating resulted in the increase of surface free energy and surface roughness. The dry and recovery (adhesion strength after 30 days immersion in the 3.5 wt% NaCl solution) adhesion strengths of the coatings applied on the Zr treated aluminium samples were greater than untreated sample. In addition, the adhesion loss of the coating applied on the Zr treated aluminium substrate was lower than other samples. Also, the results obtained from EIS and salt spray test clearly revealed that the Zr conversion coating could enhance the corrosion protective performance of the epoxy coating significantly.

  13. Corrosion behaviour of 316L stainless steel and anti-corrosion materials in a high acidified chloride solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, Z.H. [Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Energy-Saving in Heat Exchange Systems, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Colleges and Universities for Corrosion Control in Electric Power System and Applied Electrochemistry, 2103 Pingliang Road, Shanghai 200090 (China); Ge, H.H., E-mail: gehonghua@shiep.edu.cn [Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Energy-Saving in Heat Exchange Systems, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Colleges and Universities for Corrosion Control in Electric Power System and Applied Electrochemistry, 2103 Pingliang Road, Shanghai 200090 (China); Lin, W.W. [Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Energy-Saving in Heat Exchange Systems, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Colleges and Universities for Corrosion Control in Electric Power System and Applied Electrochemistry, 2103 Pingliang Road, Shanghai 200090 (China); Zong, Y.W.; Liu, S.J. [Power Plant of Baoshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd, Tieli Road, Shanghai 200941 (China); Shi, J.M. [Technical University of Braunschweig (Germany)

    2014-12-15

    Highlights: • Severe general corrosion accompanied by localized pitting occurred on 316L SS surface in a high acidified chloride solution. • Surface roughness, surface potential difference and the electrochemical non-homogeneity of 316L SS in the test solution were investigated. • TA2, type 2507 SS and type 254SMo SS exhibit good corrosion resistance in the test solution. - Abstract: The corrosion behaviour of a type 316L (UNS S31603) stainless steel (SS) expansion joint in a simulated leaching solution of sediment on blast furnace gas pipeline in a power plant is investigated by using dynamic potential polarization curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), optical microscope, atomic force microscope (AFM) and Scan Kelvin Probe (SKP). Severe general corrosion accompanied by pitting corrosion occurs on the type 316L SS surface in this solution. As the immersion period increases, the charge transfer resistance R{sub ct} decreases, the dissolution rate accelerates, the surface roughness increases and the surface potential difference enhances significantly. Then eight corrosion-resistant materials are tested, the corrosion rates of type 254SMo SS, type 2507 SS and TA2 are relatively minor in the solution. The corrosion resistance properties of TA2 is most excellent, indicating it would be the superior material choice for blast furnace gas pipeline.

  14. Fabrication of superhydrophilic-underwater superoleophobic inorganic anti-corrosive membranes for high-efficiency oil/water separation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Luyan; Chen, Chen; Yang, Siyu; Xie, Hua; Gong, MaoGang; Xu, Xiaoliang

    2016-01-14

    The issue of oil/water separation has recently become a global concern due to the frequency of oil spills and the increase in industrial waste water. Thus, membrane-based materials with unique wettability are desired to separate both of these from a mixture. Nevertheless, the fabrication of energy efficient and stable membranes appropriate for the separation process remains challenging. Herein, synergistic superhydrophilic-underwater superoleophobic inorganic membranes were inventively created by a maneuverable galvanic displacement reaction on copper mesh. The "water-loving" meshes were then used to study gravity driven oil-water separation, where a separation efficiency (the ratio of the amount of oil remaining above the membrane after the separation process to the amount of oil in original mixture) of up to 97% was achieved for various oil-water mixtures, and furthermore the wetting properties and separating performances were maintained without further attenuation after exposure to corrosive environments. Notably, the "repelling-oil" mode can switch to a superhydrophobic mode which acts as a supplementary "oil slick absorbing" material floating above the water surface and has potential in tackling oil slick clean-up issues, in comparison to the former mode which possesses better "separation ability". In addition, the original "repelling-oil" state can be reinstated with ease. The novel method involving a "one-cyclic transformation course" abandons extra chemical addition. The facile and green route presented here acts as an excellent test for the fabrication of a dual-functioning membrane with potential use in efficient oil-water separation, even in harsh environments, and off-shore oil spill cleanup. PMID:26662477

  15. Cholesteryl-coated carbonyl iron particles with improved anti-corrosion stability and their viscoelastic behaviour under magnetic field

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mrlik, M.; Ilčíková, M.; Sedlačík, M.; Mosnáček, J.; Peer, Petra; Filip, Petr

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 292, č. 9 (2014), s. 2137-2143. ISSN 0303-402X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP14-32114P Grant ostatní: GA MŠk(CZ) ED2.1.00/03.0111 Institutional support: RVO:67985874 Keywords : carbonyl iron * cholesteryl chloroformate * silicone oil suspensions * viscoelasticity * magnetorheology Subject RIV: BK - Fluid Dynamics Impact factor: 1.865, year: 2014

  16. Effects of surface treatment of aluminium alloy 1050 on the adhesion and anticorrosion properties of the epoxy coating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Aluminium alloy 1050 was treated by zirconium-based (Zr) conversion coating. • The surface morphology and surface free energy of the samples were obtained. • The adhesion properties of the epoxy coating was studied on the treated samples. • The corrosion resistance of the epoxy coating was enhanced on treated samples. - Abstract: The objective of this work is to investigate the effects of zirconium-based (Zr) conversion coating on the adhesion properties and corrosion resistance of an epoxy/polyamide coating applied on the aluminium alloy 1050 (AA1050). Field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrum (EDS), atomic force microscope (AFM) and contact angle measuring device were employed in order to characterize the surface characteristics of the Zr treated AA1050 samples. The epoxy/polyamide coating was applied on the untreated and Zr treated samples. The epoxy coating adhesion to the aluminium substrate was evaluated by pull-off test before and after 30 days immersion in 3.5% w/w NaCl solution. In addition, the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and salt spray tests were employed to characterize the corrosion protection properties of the epoxy coating applied on the AA1050 samples. Results revealed that the surface treatment of AA1050 by zirconium conversion coating resulted in the increase of surface free energy and surface roughness. The dry and recovery (adhesion strength after 30 days immersion in the 3.5 wt% NaCl solution) adhesion strengths of the coatings applied on the Zr treated aluminium samples were greater than untreated sample. In addition, the adhesion loss of the coating applied on the Zr treated aluminium substrate was lower than other samples. Also, the results obtained from EIS and salt spray test clearly revealed that the Zr conversion coating could enhance the corrosion protective performance of the epoxy coating significantly

  17. Corrosion behaviour of 316L stainless steel and anti-corrosion materials in a high acidified chloride solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Severe general corrosion accompanied by localized pitting occurred on 316L SS surface in a high acidified chloride solution. • Surface roughness, surface potential difference and the electrochemical non-homogeneity of 316L SS in the test solution were investigated. • TA2, type 2507 SS and type 254SMo SS exhibit good corrosion resistance in the test solution. - Abstract: The corrosion behaviour of a type 316L (UNS S31603) stainless steel (SS) expansion joint in a simulated leaching solution of sediment on blast furnace gas pipeline in a power plant is investigated by using dynamic potential polarization curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), optical microscope, atomic force microscope (AFM) and Scan Kelvin Probe (SKP). Severe general corrosion accompanied by pitting corrosion occurs on the type 316L SS surface in this solution. As the immersion period increases, the charge transfer resistance Rct decreases, the dissolution rate accelerates, the surface roughness increases and the surface potential difference enhances significantly. Then eight corrosion-resistant materials are tested, the corrosion rates of type 254SMo SS, type 2507 SS and TA2 are relatively minor in the solution. The corrosion resistance properties of TA2 is most excellent, indicating it would be the superior material choice for blast furnace gas pipeline

  18. Development of Castor Oil Based Poly(urethane-esteramide)/TiO2 Nanocomposites as Anticorrosive and Antimicrobial Coatings

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammed Rafi Shaik; Manawwer Alam; Naser M. Alandis

    2015-01-01

    Castor oil based polyesteramide (CPEA) resin has been successfully synthesized by the condensation polymerization of N-N-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) castor oil fatty amide (HECA) with terephthalic acid and further modified with different percentages of 7, 9, 11, and 13 wt.% of toluene-2,4-diisocyanate (TDI) to obtain poly(urethane-esteramide) (UCPEA), via addition polymerization. TiO2 (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5 wt%) nanoparticles were dispersed in UCPEA resin. The structural elucidation of HECA, C...

  19. 镁合金防腐涂层的研究%Research on Anticorrosive Coating of Magnesium Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云露; 张士卫; 蔺绍玲

    2014-01-01

    To solve the corrosion of magnesium alloy in the engineering application,the paper imitated the working con-dition,made magnesium alloy parts,and prepared micro-arc oxidation layers and micro-arc oxidation electrophoresis layers on the parts.Salt spray tests and static load tests showed that micro-arc oxidation layers can protect magnesium alloy from corroding on the condition that micro-arc oxidation layer is unbroken,but on normal working condition,it is inevitable to keep micro-arc oxidation layers unbroken.Preparing organic coating on the micro-arc oxidation electrophoresis layers can not only protect micro-arc oxidation layer from destruction,but also can protect magnesium alloy from corroding.%为解决镁合金在工程应用过程中的腐蚀问题,按照工况条件制作了镁合金试验件,并在试验件上分别制备了微弧氧化电泳层和微弧氧化电泳有机涂层。通过试样的盐雾试验和静载试验,得出下述结论:微弧氧化电泳层在不被破坏的前提下,可以保护镁合金不受腐蚀;但在工况条件下,由于过盈配合等原因,不可避免地会破坏微弧电泳层,导致镁合金腐蚀。研究表明,在微弧氧化电泳层上制备有机涂层,既能有效保证微弧氧化电泳层不被破坏,又可在实际工况条件下保护镁合金不受腐蚀。

  20. Excellent anti-corrosive pretreatment layer on iron substrate based on three-dimensional porous phytic acid/silane hybrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xiang; Lu, Ke; Xu, Lei; Xu, Hua; Lu, Haifeng; Gao, Feng; Hou, Shifeng; Ma, Houyi

    2016-01-01

    A novel, highly effective and environmentally friendly film-forming material, phytic acid (PA)/silane (denoted as PAS) hybrid with a three-dimensional (3D) network structure, was prepared through a condensation reaction of PA with methyltrihydroxysilane generated from the hydrolysis of methyltriethoxysilane (MTES). Two kinds of PAS-based pretreatment layers, namely NaBrO3-free and NaBrO3-doped PAS layers, were fabricated on iron substrates using the dip-coating method. SEM and AFM observations showed that the as-fabricated PAS-based layers possessed a 3D porous microstructure at the nanoscale and a rough surface morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) and attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopic characterization demonstrated that the above PAS layers bound to the iron surface via the -P-O- bond. Moreover, analyses of steady-state polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) data indicated that the corrosion rates of the iron substrates decreased considerably in the presence of the two PAS-based pretreatment layers. In particular, the NaBrO3-dosed PAS layer displayed the better corrosion resistance ability as well as maintaining the original microstructure and surface morphology. The PAS-based pretreatment layers are expected to act as substitutes for chromate and phosphate conversion layers and will find widespread application in the surface pretreatment of iron and steel materials due to the advantages of being environmentally friendly, the rapid film-forming process, and, especially, the nanoporous microstructure and rough surface morphology.A novel, highly effective and environmentally friendly film-forming material, phytic acid (PA)/silane (denoted as PAS) hybrid with a three-dimensional (3D) network structure, was prepared through a condensation reaction of PA with methyltrihydroxysilane generated from the hydrolysis of methyltriethoxysilane (MTES). Two kinds of PAS-based pretreatment layers, namely NaBrO3-free and NaBrO3-doped PAS layers, were fabricated on iron substrates using the dip-coating method. SEM and AFM observations showed that the as-fabricated PAS-based layers possessed a 3D porous microstructure at the nanoscale and a rough surface morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) and attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopic characterization demonstrated that the above PAS layers bound to the iron surface via the -P-O- bond. Moreover, analyses of steady-state polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) data indicated that the corrosion rates of the iron substrates decreased considerably in the presence of the two PAS-based pretreatment layers. In particular, the NaBrO3-dosed PAS layer displayed the better corrosion resistance ability as well as maintaining the original microstructure and surface morphology. The PAS-based pretreatment layers are expected to act as substitutes for chromate and phosphate conversion layers and will find widespread application in the surface pretreatment of iron and steel materials due to the advantages of being environmentally friendly, the rapid film-forming process, and, especially, the nanoporous microstructure and rough surface morphology. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Additional experimental data. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr07366a

  1. Effect of anticorrosion facing on the static crack resistance of hull steel in the initial and the embrittled state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The austenitic facing on the primary coolant circuits of water-cooled and moderated reactors acts as corrosion protection for the base metal against the effect of water. In this paper the authors investigate not only the corrosion resistance of facing steels 07Kh25N13 and 04Kh20N10G2B but also their effects on the fracture properties and radiation and temperature embrittlement of the substrate steel 15Kh2NMFA

  2. Electrochemical anticorrosion performance evaluation of Al2O3 coatings deposited by MOCVD on an industrial brass substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alumina (Al2O3) coatings of different thickness were deposited on OT59 brass substrate (BS) using the metal organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD) technique to evaluate the corrosion performance by EIS measurements. The used precursor was dimethyl-aluminium-isopropoxide. Electrochemical characterizations of the deposited films were performed in a standard very aggressive acidic solution (aerated 1N H2SO4 at 25 deg. C up to 168 h of immersion time) by means of direct current method (Tafel curves) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) indicated that the films are very pure with the correct Al2O3 stoichiometry, while the IR absorption spectra showed that the films did not contain any -O-H groups. The surface film morphology was investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and displayed a globular texture. The films were very smooth, with a maximum root mean square roughness, for example, of 14 nm for a 0.96 μm thick coating. The EIS data confirmed, as expected, that a 2.40 μm Al2O3 layer ensures the best corrosion protection after 168 h of immersion in the very acidic environment used

  3. Encapsulated cerium nitrate inhibitors to provide high-performance anti-corrosion sol-gel coatings on mild steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A rapid cure silane sol-gel coating containing encapsulated corrosion inhibitors that can be applied to a mild steel substrate to form a crack-free coating has been developed. The benefit of this system is that it appears to emulate the protection mechanism found with traditional chrome (VI) based systems, but without the environmental disadvantages, namely that it is non-toxic and non-carcinogenic. The high corrosion resistance performance of this coating is derived from the combination of the hydrophobic nature of the sol-gel coating and the presence of the encapsulated rare earth corrosion inhibitor which can be released at defects within the coating resulting in cerium hydroxide precipitation which hinders the reduction reaction at cathodic sites. The proposed mechanism for this protection is based upon an evaluation of the barrier properties of the coating using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and long-term immersion/salt spray tests

  4. Corrosion behaviour of 316L stainless steel and anti-corrosion materials in a high acidified chloride solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Z. H.; Ge, H. H.; Lin, W. W.; Zong, Y. W.; Liu, S. J.; Shi, J. M.

    2014-12-01

    The corrosion behaviour of a type 316L (UNS S31603) stainless steel (SS) expansion joint in a simulated leaching solution of sediment on blast furnace gas pipeline in a power plant is investigated by using dynamic potential polarization curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), optical microscope, atomic force microscope (AFM) and Scan Kelvin Probe (SKP). Severe general corrosion accompanied by pitting corrosion occurs on the type 316L SS surface in this solution. As the immersion period increases, the charge transfer resistance Rct decreases, the dissolution rate accelerates, the surface roughness increases and the surface potential difference enhances significantly. Then eight corrosion-resistant materials are tested, the corrosion rates of type 254SMo SS, type 2507 SS and TA2 are relatively minor in the solution. The corrosion resistance properties of TA2 is most excellent, indicating it would be the superior material choice for blast furnace gas pipeline.

  5. Understanding the effect of nanoporosity on optimizing the performance of self-healing materials for anti-corrosion applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellaiyan, S.; Smith, S. V.; Hughes, A. E.; Miller, A.; Jenkins, D. R.; Uedono, A.

    2011-01-01

    The chromate-based epoxy primer film was prepared on glass and metal surfaces using various graded doctor blades. The quality and consistency of the films was assessed using scanning electron microscopy and the porosity within the film characterized by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. The positron lifetime (τ) distribution for the epoxy polymer matrix was resolved using the CONTIN program. The free volume was found from the ortho-positronium component. The optimum thickness for the films was established for future structure/activity studies.

  6. The research on corrosion condition and anticorrosion methods of SEP system pipelines in Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant Phase II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SEP system in Qinshan nuclear power plant phase II provides drinking water and firefight water for nuclear island, conventional island, inner and outer of BOP structures. Many corrosion perforations in the SEP pipeline were found during operation. This article analysis the corrosion reasons and presents some reasonable treatment and surveillance methods. (authors)

  7. Evaluation of the anti-corrosive effect of acid pickling and sol-gel coating on magnesium AZ31 alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of different acid pre-treatment procedures on the corrosion of magnesium AZ31 alloy was compared by measuring the amount of hydrogen gas formed when the surface was in contact with aqueous 5% sodium chloride solution. A 4-7 μm thick sol-gel coating prepared by phosphoric acid catalyzed sol-gel processing of a methyltriethoxysilane/tetraethoxysilane mixture was applied to the differently pre-treated magnesium surfaces. The corrosion rate of the alloy decreased by a factor of up to 60 by combination of acid pickling and sol-gel coating. The addition of triethylphosphate or 1,2,4-triazole as corrosion inhibitors led to further improvements. Composition and texture of the films was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis

  8. Study on fabrication of the superhydrophobic sol-gel films based on copper wafer and its anti-corrosive properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present study, superhydrophobic copper wafer was prepared by a sol-gel deposition method. Different molar ratios of vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTES), ethanol (EtOH), water (H2O) and ammonia water (NH3·OH) were involved in this research. The morphologies, chemical compositions and hydrophobicity of the films were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray detector (EDX), Fourier transfer infrared spectrometer (FTIR) and water contact angle measurement (CA). It was shown by the surface morphological study that different structures, such as pyramid-shaped protrusions, nipple-shaped protrusions or ball-shaped silica particles, were distributed on the copper substrate. The films had a high water contact angle larger than 155.4°. The durability properties revealed that the films had a good superhydrophobicity deposited in 3.5 wt.% sodium chloride solution for up to 14 days.

  9. Development and characterization of silicone/phosphorus modified epoxy materials and their application as anticorrosion and antifouling coatings

    OpenAIRE

    T. Balakrishnan; Alagar, M.; Denchev, Z.; Kumar, S. Ananda

    2006-01-01

    Epoxy resin is chosen for our present study owing to its exceptional combination of properties such as easy processing, high safety, excellent solvent and chemical resistance, toughness, low shrinkage on cure, good electrical, mechanical and corrosion resistance with excellent adhesion to many substrates. This versatility in formulation made epoxy resins widely applied for surface coatings, adhesives, laminates, composites, potting, painting materials, encapsulant for semiconductor and insula...

  10. Multifunctional Zinc Borate-Based Anticorrosive Pigment%多功能硼酸锌防腐蚀颜料

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    David M.Schubert

    2004-01-01

    近年来,由于对铬酸盐安全性和其它防腐颜料潜在危害性的关注,推动了对用于涂料中安全、经济防腐颜料的研究。磷酸盐、亚磷酸盐、钼酸盐、硅酸盐和硼酸盐作为腐蚀的缓蚀剂不同程度地成功地应用在不同的领域中。硼酸锌是这些产品中的一个新成员,在防腐领域具有独特防腐性能和强有力的性价比。

  11. Synthesis and Anticorrosion for Carbon Steel Of 4-Amino-3,5 Bis (4-Hydroxy-3-Methoxy -1,2,4-Triazole in Hydrochloric Acid Solution.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. El Attari

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available 4-amino -3,5bis (4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-1,2,4-triazole (4-ABHMPT was synthesized for the first time in the laboratory and his influence on the inhibition of corrosion of mild steel in 1N HCI was investigated by weight-loss and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The inhibition efficiency of this compound was found to vary with concentration and temperature . It is found that 4-ABHMPT is good inhibitor for corrosion of mild steel in 1N HCl. The maximum efficiency is about 98% for 4-ABHMPT at 300 mg.l −1 concentration. The adsorption of this compound on the steel surface for both acids was found to obey Lagmuir's adsorption isotherm. The values of activation energy and free energy of adsorption indicated chimisorption on mild steel surface.

  12. Action mechanism of antioxidation and anticorrosion and molecular design for perfluoropolyether fluid additives (I) --Action mechanism of additive and property of donating-accepting electron

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Daxi

    2001-01-01

    Chitosans with various degrees of deacetylation (D.D.), which were used as standard sample for FTIR determination, were prepared from completely deacetylated chitosan by homogeneous N-acetylation reaction. By combining four probable probe bands, i.e. 1655, 1560, 1380 and 1320 cm-1, eight probable reference bands, i.e. 3430, 2920, 2880, 1425, 1155, 1070, 1030 and 895 cm-1 and two baseline methods, the most suitable ratios Aprobe band/Areference band from IR spectra to determine the degree of acetylation of chitosan were evaluated from 48 combinations to be A1560/A2880, A1560/A2920 and A1655/A3430(A1560/A2880 is mostly recommended). The second baseline method, i.e. linking between adjacent two valleys, was better for measuring the absorbances of 1560 and 1655 cm-1 bands. The determination range of the D.D. (1%-100%) covered almost the whole range. The standard curves with A1560/A2880 and A1655/A3430 were also suitable for the determination of degree of substitution of other N-acylated chitosan, such as N-propionyl chitosan, N-butyryl chitosan and N-hexanoyl chitosan.

  13. The Anti-Corrosion Coating for the Port Machinery%港口机械设备的防腐蚀涂装

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂枫; 王小春

    2010-01-01

    防腐蚀是港口机械长期使用中的重要课题.介绍了目前通用的港口机械的涂料的品种,应用于海洋重防腐环境下的港口机械涂层体系的设计方案.全面讲解了通用的港口机械涂装的施工步骤和施工方法.

  14. Comparatively electrochemical studies at different operational temperatures for the effect of layered silicate and spherical silica on the anticorrosion efficiency of PANI nanocomposite coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Kung-Chin; Lai, Mei-Chun; Peng, Chih-Wei; Huang, Hsin-Hua; Fan, Tsuny-Hua; Yeh, Jui-Ming; Chou, Yi-Chen

    2011-02-01

    In this paper, a series of PANI nanocomposites have been successfully prepared by in situ oxidative polymerization. The as-prepared PANI nanocomposites were subsequently characterized by WAXRD patterns and TEM. It should be noted that the nanocomposite coating containing 3 wt-% of organophilic clay loading was found to exhibit an observable enhanced corrosion protection on cold-rolled steel (CRS) electrode at higher operational temperature of 50 degrees C, which was even better than that of uncoated and electrode-coated with PANI or PANI nanocomposites with 3 wt-% of amino-modified silica nanoparticles alone at room temperature of 30 degrees C based on the electrochemical parameter evaluations (e.g., E(corr), R(p), I(corr), R(corr) and impedance). The vapor permeability property at three different operational temperatures of PANI and PANI nanocomposite membranes were investigated by vapor permeability analyzer (VPA). Effect of material composition on the molecular weight, optical properties and surface hydrophobicity of neat PANI and PANI nanocomposite, in the form of membrane and solution, were studied by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra and contact-angle measurements, respectively. Finally, electrical conductivity at three different operational temperatures of PANI and PANI nanocomposite powder-pressed pellets was also investigated through the measurements of standard four-point-probe technique. PMID:21456149

  15. Bioinspired multifunctional hetero-hierarchical micro/nanostructure tetragonal array with self-cleaning, anticorrosion, and concentrators for the SERS detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qiao-Xin; Chen, Yu-Xue; Guo, Zheng; Liu, Hong-Lin; Wang, Da-Peng; Huang, Xing-Jiu

    2013-11-13

    Heterohierarchical micro/nanostructure tetragonal array consisted of engineering materials of microprotrusion-like Cu and secondary nanostructured dendrite Ag have been fabricated via a primary cell-induced deposition and a facile galvanic displacement reaction combined with photolithography technique on Cu foil. Confined by the circle microwell tetragonal array of the photoresist template, regular microprotrusion-like Cu with the tunable size of diameter can be easily deposited on the surface of Cu foil. Then, the secondary dendritic Ag nanostructures in situ grow on the surface of microprotrusion via a galvanic displacement reaction, leading to the formation of heterohierarchical micro/nanostructure tetragonal array, which is similar to the surface microstructure of the lotus leaf. Inspired by this novel surface structure of imitating lotus leaf, its wettability has been systematically investigated. The results indicate that the fabricated heterohierarchical micro/nanostructure regular array after the surface fluoration presents a remarkable superhydrophobic performance. Initiated from its superhydrophobicity, an excellent self-cleaning property has also been demonstrated. In addition, the durability of the superhydrophobic surfaces is examined in the wide pH range of corrosive liquids. Notably, the fabricated superhydrophobic surface can be potentially used as concentrators, which presents a great perspective in the field of analysis through employing the SERS detection as an example. PMID:24080041

  16. Graphene grown on stainless steel as a high-performance and ecofriendly anti-corrosion coating for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell bipolar plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pu, Nen-Wen; Shi, Gia-Nan; Liu, Yih-Ming; Sun, Xueliang; Chang, Jeng-Kuei; Sun, Chia-Liang; Ger, Ming-Der; Chen, Chun-Yu; Wang, Po-Chiang; Peng, You-Yu; Wu, Chia-Hung; Lawes, Stephen

    2015-05-01

    In this study, the growth of graphene by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on SUS304 stainless steel and on a catalyzing Ni/SUS304 double-layered structure was investigated. The results indicated that a thin and multilayered graphene film can be continuously grown across the metal grain boundaries of the Ni/SUS304 stainless steel and significantly enhance its corrosion resistance. A 3.5 wt% saline polarization test demonstrated that the corrosion currents in graphene-covered SUS304 were improved fivefold relative to the corrosion currents in non-graphene-covered SUS304. In addition to enhancing the corrosion resistance of stainless steel, a graphene coating also ameliorates another shortcoming of stainless steel in a corrosive environment: the formation of a passive oxidation layer on the stainless steel surface that decreases conductivity. After a corrosion test, the graphene-covered stainless steel continued to exhibit not only an excellent low interfacial contact resistance (ICR) of 36 mΩ cm2 but also outstanding drainage characteristics. The above results suggest that an extremely thin, lightweight protective coating of graphene on stainless steel can act as the next-generation bipolar plates of fuel cells.

  17. Development of Light Waterborne Epoxy Antistatic Anticorrosive Coatings%浅色水性环氧导静电防腐涂料的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成楼; 隗功祥

    2011-01-01

    研制的水性环氧导静电防腐涂料为双组分涂料,甲组分由水性胺加成物固化剂、导电填料、防锈颜填料及助剂组成;乙组分由环氧树脂E51或OER-95、活性稀释剂、掺杂聚苯胺及偶联剂组成,按环氧/胺当量比为1.1∶1配漆,涂层具有优异的导静电性和防腐蚀性能.

  18. Application of Spray Polyurea in Super Heavy-Duty Anticorrosion%喷涂聚脲超重防腐涂层的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宝柱; 黄微波; 陈酒姜; 刘培礼; 刘东晖

    2004-01-01

    阐述了喷涂聚脲技术的特点、施工优势,并简要介绍了其施工工艺和聚脲超重防腐涂料涂层在化工防腐、储罐围堰、埋地管道、跨海大桥等领域的应用.应用实例表明,喷涂聚脲超重防腐涂料涂层技术确实是一种性能卓越、无与伦比的施工技术,应用前景十分广阔.

  19. In-situ preparation, characterization and anticorrosion property of polypropylene glycol/silver nanoparticles composite for mild steel corrosion in acid solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Moses M; Umoren, Saviour A

    2016-01-15

    A novel polypropylene glycol/silver nanoparticles (PPG/AgNPs) composite was prepared in-situ using natural honey as the reducing and capping agent. Characterization of the composite was done by UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR, TEM, XRD, and EDS. The TEM results reveal that the nanoparticles are spherical in shape. XRD and EDS results confirm the presence of elemental silver in the polymer matrix. The influence of the prepared composite on the corrosion inhibition of mild steel in 0.5M H2SO4 solution was studied by weight loss, electrochemical, SEM, EDS, and water contact angle measurements. Results show that PPG/AgNPs is effective inhibitor for mild steel in 0.5M H2SO4 solution and adsorbs onto the metal surface via chemisorption mechanism. Maximum inhibition efficiency of 94% is afforded by the highest studied concentration of PPG/AgNPs at 333K from weight loss measurements. Potentiodynamic polarization results reveal that the composite acts as a mixed-type corrosion inhibitor. Adsorption of PPG/AgNPs composite onto the mild steel surface follows Temkin adsorption isotherm. The SEM, EDS, and water contact angle images confirm the formation of PPG/AgNPs protective film on the mild steel surface. PMID:26433475

  20. Anticorrosion properties of enamels with high B2O3-P2O5-AlPO4 content in molten aluminum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周鸣; 李克; 孙宝德; 疏达; 王俊

    2002-01-01

    The new enamels with high H3BO3-(NH4)2 HPO4-AlPO4 content were studied, and the melting temperature of the enamels was adjusted by adding carbonate of alkali metal and alkaline earth metal. The enamels could spread slightly in the molten Al alloy observed by SEM and experiment. The components of the enamels were not detected with electron probe (EDAX-S-520) on the interface of Al alloy, but elemental Si of aluminum alloy was found in the silica-free enamels. Moreover, the components of the boron-free enamels were detected on the interface of Al alloy. The results show that the enamels with high B2O3-P2O5-AlPO4 content are resistant to the corrosion of molten Al.

  1. 防腐过程中钢管管端复合坡口的保护%The Compound Bevel of Steel Pipe Protection in Anticorrosive Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱青; 鲍新愿; 魏东锋

    2011-01-01

    针对管端单坡口形式在高钢级、大直径、大壁厚管道施工过程中容易造成钢管对接焊缝产生缺陷的问题,提出了管端复合坡口形式,指出了复合坡口形式在管道施工中能够有效解决大壁厚钢管现场对接施工中出现的夹渣、未焊透等缺陷.总结了管端复合坡口钢管在防腐生产中可能受到损伤的原因,并针对这些不利因素提出了相应的防治措施.%The single-bevel type on pipe end will easily cause defects in steel pipe with high grade, large diameter and heavy wall thickness butt-welding during pipeline construction, so the compound bevel was put forward. It pointed out that compound bevel can effectively solve some defects, such as slag, lack of penetration and so or It summarized the reasons of damaged compound bevel, with regard to these negative factors, proposed corresponding preventive measures.

  2. Improvements of anti-corrosion and mechanical properties of NiTi orthopedic materials by acetylene, nitrogen and oxygen plasma immersion ion implantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poon, Ray W. Y.; Ho, Joan P. Y.; Liu, Xuanyong; Chung, C. Y.; Chu, Paul K.; Yeung, Kelvin W. K.; Lu, William W.; Cheung, Kenneth M. C.

    2005-08-01

    Nickel-titanium shape memory alloys (NiTi) are useful materials in orthopedics and orthodontics due to their unique super-elasticity and shape memory effects. However, the problem associated with the release of harmful Ni ions to human tissues and fluids has been raising safety concern. Hence, it is necessary to produce a surface barrier to impede the out-diffusion of Ni ions from the materials. We have conducted acetylene, nitrogen and oxygen plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) into NiTi alloys in an attempt to improve the surface properties. All the implanted and annealed samples surfaces exhibit outstanding corrosion and Ni out-diffusion resistance. Besides, the implanted layers are mechanically stronger than the substrate underneath. XPS analyses disclose that the layer formed by C2H2 PIII is composed of mainly TiCx with increasing Ti to C concentration ratios towards the bulk. The nitrogen PIII layer is observed to be TiN, whereas the oxygen PIII layer is composed of oxides of Ti4+, Ti3+ and Ti2+.

  3. Anti-corrosion Design for Gravity Caisson Structures%重力式沉箱结构防腐设计的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董华钢

    2007-01-01

    介绍重力式沉箱结构防腐设计的思路,并结合施工具体情况提出采用低强度高性能混凝土并结合透水模板及海工防腐涂料的防腐措施,在经济、合理的前提下提高重力式码头结构耐久性.

  4. Avaliação do potencial anticorrosivo de tiossemicarbazonas solubilizadas em microemulsão Evaluation of anticorrosive effectiveness of thiosemicarbazones solubilized in a microemulsion system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Cristina M. de Moura

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, thiosemicarbazones 4-N-cinnamoyl-thiosemicarbazone (CTSC, 4-N-(2'-methoxycinnamoyl-thiosemicarbazone (MCTSC, and 4-N-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxybenzoyl- thiosemicarbazone (HMBTSC were solubilized in an oil-in-water (O/W microemulsion system (ME_OCS, forming systems CTSC_ME_OCS, MCTSC_ME_OCS and HMBTSC_ME_OCS. The effectiveness of these systems in the process of inhibiting AISI 1020 carbon steel corrosion was evaluated in a saline solution (NaCl 0.5%, using a galvanostatic method. The tested thiosemicarbazones showed higher inhibitory effects (85.7% for CTSC_ME_OCS, 84.0% for MCTSC_ME_OCS, and 83.3% for HMBTSC_ME_OCS. The surfactant OCS (dissolved in H2O and the ME_OCS system showed lower efficacies, with 71.0% for OCS and 74.0% for ME_OCS system.

  5. Application of MFE vinylester resin on anti-corrosion field%MFE乙烯基酯树脂在防腐蚀领域的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周润培; 侯锐钢; 王晓东; 雷浩; 刘坐镇

    2004-01-01

    本文主要介绍了MFE乙烯基酯树脂在化工、电子、钢铁、有色金属及轻工造纸等行业防腐方面的应用,并列举了许多华东理工大学华昌聚合物有限公司生产的MFE乙烯基酯树脂的应用实例.

  6. 氯碱装置中塑料设备的耐腐蚀性能%Anticorrosive property of plastic equipment in chlor-alkli plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李向欣; 孙立; 那桂兰

    2004-01-01

    对塑料设备在氯碱装置中的耐腐蚀特性及实际应用中的防腐效果进行了分析,并介绍了塑料设备的腐蚀检查内容及检修频率,为氯碱装置的建设和生产中塑料设备的选材及腐蚀防护提供参考.

  7. Sol–gel composite coatings as anti-corrosion barrier for structural materials of lead–bismuth eutectic cooled fast reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kasada, Ryuta, E-mail: r-kasada@iae.kyoto-u.ac.jp; Dou, Peng, E-mail: pengdou11@gmail.com

    2013-09-15

    In order to protect the structural components of lead–bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled fast breeder reactors (FBRs) from liquid metal corrosion, advanced aluminum–yttrium nano- and micro-composite coatings were developed using an improved sol–gel process, which includes dipping specimens in a Y-added sol–gel solution dispersed with ultrafine α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders prepared by mechanical milling. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and field emission electron probe microprobe analyzer (FE-EPMA) analyses revealed that the coatings are composed of alumina with high density. Accelerated corrosion tests were conducted on coated specimens in liquid LBE at 650 °C under dynamic conditions. After the corrosion tests, no cracking, spallation, erosion and liquid metal (e.g., lead) penetration occurred to the coatings, indicating that the coatings possess an enhanced dynamic LBE corrosion resistance. The superior LBE corrosion resistance is due to the presence of the nano-structured composite particles integrated into the coatings and the addition of trace amount of yttrium.

  8. [Study of the effect of gymnastics on health indicators and work capacity of workers in an experimental shop of new anti-corrosion devices].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ana'nev, N I; Sergeev, V N; Navrotskaia, N I

    1989-01-01

    Application of specially developed physical exercises (an interval for sports, sports minute, a microinterval for sports) and hygienic procedures at the end of the working day resulted in a more rapid restoration of work capacity and in decrease of fatigue in the main group both in the process of work and after office hours, compared to the control one. PMID:2630401

  9. Improvements of anti-corrosion and mechanical properties of NiTi orthopedic materials by acetylene, nitrogen and oxygen plasma immersion ion implantation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nickel-titanium shape memory alloys (NiTi) are useful materials in orthopedics and orthodontics due to their unique super-elasticity and shape memory effects. However, the problem associated with the release of harmful Ni ions to human tissues and fluids has been raising safety concern. Hence, it is necessary to produce a surface barrier to impede the out-diffusion of Ni ions from the materials. We have conducted acetylene, nitrogen and oxygen plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) into NiTi alloys in an attempt to improve the surface properties. All the implanted and annealed samples surfaces exhibit outstanding corrosion and Ni out-diffusion resistance. Besides, the implanted layers are mechanically stronger than the substrate underneath. XPS analyses disclose that the layer formed by C2H2 PIII is composed of mainly TiC x with increasing Ti to C concentration ratios towards the bulk. The nitrogen PIII layer is observed to be TiN, whereas the oxygen PIII layer is composed of oxides of Ti4+, Ti3+ and Ti2+

  10. Sol–gel composite coatings as anti-corrosion barrier for structural materials of lead–bismuth eutectic cooled fast reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to protect the structural components of lead–bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled fast breeder reactors (FBRs) from liquid metal corrosion, advanced aluminum–yttrium nano- and micro-composite coatings were developed using an improved sol–gel process, which includes dipping specimens in a Y-added sol–gel solution dispersed with ultrafine α-Al2O3 powders prepared by mechanical milling. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and field emission electron probe microprobe analyzer (FE-EPMA) analyses revealed that the coatings are composed of alumina with high density. Accelerated corrosion tests were conducted on coated specimens in liquid LBE at 650 °C under dynamic conditions. After the corrosion tests, no cracking, spallation, erosion and liquid metal (e.g., lead) penetration occurred to the coatings, indicating that the coatings possess an enhanced dynamic LBE corrosion resistance. The superior LBE corrosion resistance is due to the presence of the nano-structured composite particles integrated into the coatings and the addition of trace amount of yttrium

  11. Sol-gel composite coatings as anti-corrosion barrier for structural materials of lead-bismuth eutectic cooled fast reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasada, Ryuta; Dou, Peng

    2013-09-01

    In order to protect the structural components of lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled fast breeder reactors (FBRs) from liquid metal corrosion, advanced aluminum-yttrium nano- and micro-composite coatings were developed using an improved sol-gel process, which includes dipping specimens in a Y-added sol-gel solution dispersed with ultrafine α-Al2O3 powders prepared by mechanical milling. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and field emission electron probe microprobe analyzer (FE-EPMA) analyses revealed that the coatings are composed of alumina with high density. Accelerated corrosion tests were conducted on coated specimens in liquid LBE at 650 °C under dynamic conditions. After the corrosion tests, no cracking, spallation, erosion and liquid metal (e.g., lead) penetration occurred to the coatings, indicating that the coatings possess an enhanced dynamic LBE corrosion resistance. The superior LBE corrosion resistance is due to the presence of the nano-structured composite particles integrated into the coatings and the addition of trace amount of yttrium. Severe erosion and penetration of liquid Pb occurred to the Al2O3 nano- and micro-composite coatings. After the corrosion tests, no cracking, spallation, erosion and liquid metal (e.g., lead) penetration occurred to the newly-developed aluminum-yttrium nano- and micro-composite coatings, indicating that the coatings possess an enhanced dynamic LBE corrosion resistance. Therefore we can conclude that the coatings possess an enhanced dynamic LBE corrosion resistance under the experimental conditions chosen here. It is a way to protect the structural materials of LBE cooled FBRs from liquid metal corrosion. The much improved corrosion resistance of aluminum-yttrium nano- and micro-composite coatings, relative to Al2O3 nano- and micro-composite coatings, is due to the much higher density and the significantly superior high temperature strength resulting from using of finer Al2O3 seeding particles and adding trace amount of yttrium.

  12. Research of basic factors influence to physical and chemical properties of compositional epoxy material applied as anti friction and anticorrosion surface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Test of epoxide composition filled by various loading having 80 w.p. (weight part) of red ochre coal clay shows that surface endurance with coal clay is 1.75 times more then iron endurance (standard), and surface with coal clay, correspondingly is 1.72 times. There was set up that the best physic and mechanic , chemical and anti friction properties will take the surface having at 100 w.p. resin E D-6 by 80 w.p. one of the loading as coal clay, ochre or molding loam

  13. Sol-gel composite coatings as anti-corrosion barrier for structural materials of lead-bismuth eutectic cooled fast reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled fast reactor as one of the next generation fission nuclear power systems requires the development of new high-temperature corrosion-resistant materials and systems against LBE. The sol-gel coating methodology has several advantages between other coating methodologies; low-temperature processing, complex oxide coating, and commercially-feasible cost. The present paper demonstrates superior corrosion resistance of modified sol-gel alumina coatings on structural materials against the LBE environments. Sol-gel solution was fabricated from Al(NO3)3·9H2O water solution with and without small amount of Y(NO3)3·6H2O. The ph value of solution was controlled by the addition of NH4OH. The nano-sized α-Al203 powders as a seeding were added into the solution. The resulting solution was then dip-deposited onto substrates, and calcined at 400 C in air. This process was repeated for several times to obtain thick (∼10 μm) coating. The substrate used was Inconel 600 because the Ni based alloys are highly susceptible for LBE corrosion. The coatings obtained were examined in LBE at temperatures of 500 to 650 C up to 100 hr s. The coated specimens were rotated up to 500 rpm in the melted LBE located in an Ar environment glove box. After the corrosion tests, the specimens were investigated by scanning electron microscopy with X-ray spectroscopy. LBE corrosion experiment at 500 C up to 100 hr s showed no change in the substrate and coatings. However increasing the LBE temperature up to 650 C resulted in the severe corrosion of substrates and coating made of Al(NO3)3·9H2O solution. On the other hand, the coating made of Al(NO3)3·9H2O and Y(NO3)3·6H2O solution showed excellent resistance and prevented the corrosion of substrate. (Author)

  14. Characterization of micro- and nanocapsules for self-healing anti-corrosion coatings by high-resolution SEM with coupled transmission mode and EDX.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodoroaba, V-D; Akcakayiran, D; Grigoriev, D O; Shchukin, D G

    2014-04-21

    The observation of morphological details down to the nanometer range of the outer surface of micro-, submicro- and nanoparticles in a high-resolution scanning electron microscope (SEM) was extended with in-depth observation by enabling the transmission mode in the SEM, i.e. TSEM. The micro- and nanocapsules characterized in this study were fabricated as depots for protective agents to be embedded in innovative self-healing coatings. By combining the two imaging modes (upper and in-depth observation) complementing each other a better characterisation by a more comprehensive interpretation of the "consistency" of the challenging specimens, e.g. including details "hidden" beyond the surface or the real specimen shape at all, has been attained. Furthermore, the preparation of the quasi electron transparent samples onto thin supporting foils enables also elemental imaging by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) with high spatial resolution. Valuable information on the elemental distribution in individual micro-, submicro- and even nanocapsules completes the "3D" high resolution morphological characterization at the same multimodal SEM/TSEM/EDX system. PMID:24605359

  15. Metody ochrany karoserií vozidel proti korozi

    OpenAIRE

    Hána, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    This thesis deals with corrosion and corrosion resistance of steel parts of motor vehicles. First part describes in depth general issues of degradation corrosion systems, with emphasis on clear classification of corrosion types and anti-corrosion treatments. The next part defines particular anti-corrosion treatments. This part is followed by a concrete description of coachwork anti-corrosion treatment. Here the attention is paid to those anti-corrosion treatments that are currently most used ...

  16. The allicin sterilization and its maintains freshness the applied research progress in food anticorrosion%大蒜素的杀菌及其在食品中的防腐保鲜应用研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏凤贤; 张宝善

    2006-01-01

    大蒜(Allium sativum L)具有很高的食疗保健价值,备受人们的青睐.大蒜素是大蒜的主要功能成分,研究证明,大蒜素对多种细菌、真菌、病毒均具有杀灭和抑制作用,被称为"天然广谱植物杀菌素".本文阐述了大蒜素的形成、特性、杀菌机理及其在食品保鲜防腐中的主要应用研究进展.

  17. Synthesis, structure, and properties of nitrilo-tris(methylenephosphonato)-triaquairon(II) {Fe[µ-NH(CH2PO3H)3](H2O)3}, as an ingredient of anticorrosive protective coatings on the steel surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somov, N. V.; Chausov, F. F.; Zakirova, R. M.; Shumilova, M. A.; Aleksandrov, V. A.; Petrov, V. G.

    2015-11-01

    A new non-electrolyte complex of iron(II), {Fe[μ-NH(CH2PO3H)3](H2O)3}, has been synthesized and investigated. The crystallographic characteristics of the complex are as follows: sp. gr. P21/ c , Z = 4, a = 9.2619(3) Å, b = 16.0548(3) Å, c = 9.7570(3) Å, and β = 115.685(4)°. The iron atom is octahedrally coordinated by the three phosphonate oxygen atoms and three water molecules in the meridional configuration. The complex has a coordination polymer structure; each Fe atom closes the eight-membered chelating cycle Fe-O-P-C-N-C-P-O, and one of the phosphorus atoms of this cycle is bound with an iron atom of a neighboring structural unit.

  18. Developing of Anticorrosion and Anti-Wear Composite Coating by Nickel-Aluminum Intermetallic Compound%耐磨耐蚀Ni-Al金属间化合物基复合保护层的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    索进平; 冯涤; 骆合力; 崔崑; 钱晓良; 孙尧卿

    2002-01-01

    用粉末冶金法制备WC/Ni3Al复合材料焊条,堆焊于1Cr25Ni20耐热钢的表面,获得的复合材料的耐磨粒磨损性能是45钢的3倍以上,耐硫化腐蚀性高于1Cr25Ni20耐热钢1倍,高于钴基合金Stellite 6约50%.用其制作火电厂燃烧室的喷口钝体,使用寿命较原8Cr26Ni4Mn3大幅度提高,可达到8个月以上.

  19. In-situ formation characteristic, tribological characterization and anti-corrosion properties of quaternary composites films%四元复合薄膜的形成特征、摩擦特性和耐腐蚀性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ojo Sunday Isaac FAYOMI

    2014-01-01

    在工程应用中增强材料的腐蚀磨损性能是至关重要的。采用电沉积技术,研究从氯化物槽池中得到的Zn-Al-SnO2-TiO2(Zn-Al-Sn-Ti)复合薄膜的结构、电氧化性能。采用扫描电子显微镜联合能谱仪、光学显微镜和 X 射线衍射,研究薄膜的微观结构。采用动电位极化技术,研究在3.65%NaCl 溶液中薄膜的电化学氧化和腐蚀行为,并采用原子力显微镜对其进行表征。采用高钻石硬扫描显微硬度测试仪和C E RT往复滑动仪,研究电沉积薄膜的硬度和磨损行为。结构发现,成功获得了共沉积的复合材料和粒子,并得到了均匀、精细的嵌入颗粒结构以及改善的微观力学性能。所制备的四元薄膜的耐腐蚀性、硬度和稳定的耐磨性得到显著提高。%Improvements of wear and corrosion properties are essential characteristic in engineering application. A study was made on the structure, electro-oxidation and properties of fabricated Zn-Al-SnO2-TiO2 (Zn-Al-Sn-Ti) thin films using electrodeposition technique from chloride bath. The microstructural studies were performed by scanning electron microscopy with attached energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM-EDS), optical microscopy (OPM) and X-ray diffractogram (XRD). The electrochemical oxidation and erosion behavior in 3.65% NaCl medium were studied by potentiodynamic polarization technique and characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The hardness and wear behavior of the electrodeposited film were performed by high diamond dura scan microhardness tester and CERT UMT-2 reciprocating sliding machine. It was found that a successful co-deposition of composite and particle were attained. Homogeneous imbedded grain structure distribution and fine refinement of crystal with improved micromechanical behavior was achieved. The corrosion resistance, hardness and wear stability resistance of the fabricated quaternary films improved significantly in all varied process parameter.

  20. Recovery of the external anticorrosion protection systems of onshore pipelines - evaluation methods and practical results; Recuperacao de sistemas de protecao anticorrosiva externa de dutos terrestres - metodos de avaliacao e resultados praticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castinheiras, Wilson; Koebsch, Andre; Silva, Flavio A. da [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2003-07-01

    The rehabilitation of an old pipeline means to increase its lifetime, making it safety to operate in the necessaries conditions to transport the product. The pipe steel wall evaluation, related to it thickness reduction, due to, basically, internal and external corrosion, is fundamental to guide its rehabilitation. The techniques used to this evaluation are 'pig' and specials field survey. These last surveys are realized over the soil surface (digs is not necessary to access the pipeline or the pipeline operation is not necessary to stop) and objective to verify the pipeline coating and Cathodic Protection System conditions. Due to the actual authors experience, this paper will only treat of the Rehabilitation of the External Anti corrosive Protection System (coating and cathodic protection) of onshore pipelines. This paper present the techniques current attenuation, ON-OFF pipe-to-soil potential close interval survey and DCVG and same practical results obtained with the application of these techniques on the Sergipe/Bahia gas pipeline. (author)

  1. Application of Cardanol Epoxy Hardener in Anti-Corrosion Coatings for Locomotive Car%腰果油环氧固化剂在铁道车辆防腐涂料中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾凡辉; 黎明; 姜其斌; 王永晶

    2008-01-01

    以腰果油改性的酚醛胺环氧同化剂固化环氧防腐涂料,制得了具有优异低温干燥性能和防腐功能的新型铁路车辆防腐涂料.研究了腰果油环氧固化剂对环氧防腐涂料的低温干燥性能和耐盐雾腐蚀性能的影响,并通过DSC和Fr-IR测试对涂料性能进行了表征.结果表明当选用某腰果油环氧固化剂时,和某聚酰胺环氧固化剂相比,在5℃的低温下,防腐涂料环氧基团的开环率由28%提高到84%,涂膜的玻璃化转变温度由60.67℃提高到72.09℃.耐盐雾腐蚀达720 h.

  2. Excellent Anticorrosion Performance of New Epoxy Curing Agent-cardanol Modified Amide%防腐性能优异的新型环氧树脂固化剂——腰果酚改性聚酰胺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴志晟; 郭铭

    2011-01-01

    分析了环氧树脂涂料用固化剂的现状,指出了其存在的问题.在此基础上开发了一种新型的腰果酚改性酰胺树脂,从而解决了聚酰胺树脂低温无法固化和改性胺树脂的柔韧性差、易黄变等问题,是一种具有优异防腐性能、能四季常温固化的高性能环氧树脂固化剂.

  3. 一种新型的铝合金燃油箱阳极氧化防腐技术%A Novel Anodic Oxidation Anticorrosive Technology of Aluminous Tank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峰; 罗鲲翔; 庞美玲; 张煜; 周丽; 王庆国

    2012-01-01

    通过试验找到了一种可行的铝合金燃油箱铝油箱的防腐处理措施,即采取阳极氧化膜防腐处理措施。同时通过滴碱试验、盐雾试验得出,牌号为3003和5052铝合金燃油箱在没有阳极氧化前内腐蚀能力相差甚远,阳极氧化处理后牌号为3003的铝合金油箱的防腐能力大大提高,达到和牌号为5052一样的程度,可以替代牌号为5052的铝燃油箱。%Determination Method of 11 C,S,Si,Mn,P, Cr, V, Mo and W in the Twist Drill by Direct-Reading Spectrography was proposed. Influential factors, including selecting electrode distance, method of sample preparation and analytical conditions, were discussed. Under the optimized experimental condition, values ofRSD's (n= 11 )of the nine elements found were less than 5%.The proposed method was applied to analysis of sample of Twist Drill, and the results obtained were in conformity with those by ICP-AES.

  4. 纳米SiO_2改性输电铁塔防腐蚀涂料%Transmission Tower Anti-corrosion Coatings Modified by SiO2 Nano-particles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江; 谢凤龙; 陈颖敏; 俞立

    2012-01-01

    The agglomeration of nano-SiO2 particles was improved by ultrasonic dispersion and adding dispersing agents to protect the newborn nano-particles.The dispersed nano-SiO2 particles can improve the fluorocarbon finish property.The experimental results indicate that the best time of ultrasonic dispersion was about 30 minutes,and KH570,CH hyper-dispersant and BYK-163 were selected as dispering agents,the performance of KH570 was the best.Both the mechanical properties and the ability to resist chemical reagent of modified fluorocarbon finish were improved and could meet the national standard.%采用超声分散纳米SiO2,同时添加分散剂保护新生纳米SiO2粒子,在一定程度上改善了纳米SiO2团聚的现象,并将分散好的纳米SiO2加入氟碳面漆,用以改性氟碳面漆的性能。选用硅烷偶联剂KH570、CH超分散剂、BYK-163三种分散剂。结果表明,超声分散时间为30min左右,硅烷偶联剂KH570分散纳米SiO2的效果最好;纳米SiO2改性后的氟碳面漆,机械性能与耐化学试剂性能均有了较大改善,各项性能均达到国家标准。

  5. 镁合金表面热喷涂铝的防腐蚀研究%Study on Anti-corrosion of Al Coating Prepared by Thermal Spray on Mg Alloy Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常森; 张宝红; 徐宏妍

    2011-01-01

    通过电化学实验和浸泡实验,研究不同压缩量状态下AZ80镁合金热喷涂铝涂层的抗腐蚀性能.结果表明:热喷涂铝涂层可明显提高AZ80镁合金的抗腐蚀性能,且当热喷涂铝涂层的压缩量为60%时,热喷涂铝涂层的抗腐蚀性能最好.%The corrosion resistance of thermal sprayed aluminum coating on AZ80 magnesium alloy with different corpression state was studied through immersion and electrochemical test. The results show that corrosion resistance of thermal sprayed aluminum coating on AZ80 magnesium alloy can be significantly improved, and when the compression of thermal spray coating is 60%, the corrosion resistance of the thermal spray coating is best.

  6. The Study of Petrochemical Plant Piping Corrosion and Anticorrosive Countermeasures%石油化工装置配管的腐蚀及防腐对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯飞龙

    2012-01-01

    配管是石油化工行业中必不可少的设备之一,在长时间运行的过程中常因受管道内部流体的性质、温度、压力、流速及滞留时间等因素的影响而发生腐蚀,甚至导致泄漏而引发事故。本文对石油化工装置配管的腐蚀原因进行了分析,并且研究了相应的防腐措施。%Piping in petrochemical industry was one of the essential equipment, which was often corroded because of the pipeline internal fluid properties, temperature, pressure, flow, residence time and other factors in the long time run- ning process, and even lead to accident caused by leakage. The reasons of petrochemical piping corrosion were analyzed and the corresponding measures of corrosion prevention were proposed.

  7. Initial discussion on the construction of heavy anti-corrosion vinyl epoxy floor%浅谈重防腐乙烯基环氧树脂地坪的施工

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚光荣; 刘玉宝

    2011-01-01

    通过对旺旺集团食品加工车间地坪的施工,阐述了重防腐乙烯基环氧树脂地坪的施工工艺,并根据相关行业标准,提出了质量、安全、环保方面的控制措施,取得了良好的施工效果.

  8. Impact of heat treatment on surface chemistry of Al-coated Eurofer for application as anti-corrosion and T-permeation barriers in a flowing Pb–15.7Li environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Electro-chemical Al deposition is industrially relevant for barrier formation. ► Al scales have to be converted into protective layers by heat treatments. ► Morphology of scales depend on deposition parameters. ► Solid state diffusion step at 640 °C avoids critical Al melting and activates steel surface. ► Al2O3 protective scales detected. - Abstract: The compatibility testing of Eurofer steel in flowing Pb–15.7Li has shown that corrosion attack is a serious concern at least under view of precipitate formation from dissolved steel components in cooler system sections, leading to a high risk of tube blockages. Additionally, the T-permeation from the liquid breeder through the steel structure into the He-cooling system is an important safety issue. Both topics may be reduced by the application of barriers. Hot dip aluminization (HDA) showed that Al scales exhibit such ability but claimed also the development of improved coating technologies. Thus, two electro-chemically-based deposition processes, which exhibit industrial relevance and adjustable layer thickness of deposited Al, were developed, tested and characterized. Both are working with water-free electrolytes of toluene or ionic liquid (IL) base near room temperature (RT). The successfully deposited homogeneous layers need a heat treatment to establish the required protective/functional properties. During this stage, the Al reacts with the steel and forms an Al-enriched zone with a thin protective Al2O3 surface scale. However, the topology is rough and pores are visible. Thus, for optimization of surface structure and scale quality, investigations concerning the required heat treatment were performed including effects coming from the applied coating technology.

  9. New Thiosemicarbazone and Talinum triangulare Vegetal Extract Formulations with Potential Anti-corrosion Activity [Novas Formulações de Tiossemicarbazonas e Extrato Vegetal de Talinum triangulare com Potencial Atividade Anticorrosão

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana A . de Albuquerque; Carla M . Goulart; Ana Paula de O . Amorim; Márcia Cristina C . de Oliveira; Aurea Echevarria

    2013-01-01

    Corrosion is a process arising out of a chemical action of the environment on a particular material, causing its deterioration. It may occur in metals, concrete, organic polymers, and others. A promising alternative to prevent corrosion is the use of organic inhibitors. The search for new agents or formulations that enable the diminishing of corrosion effects is evidently necessary; therefore, this work evaluated 3 new formulations which contained thiosemicarbazones 4-hydroxy,3-methoxybenzald...

  10. Oxidation Resistance and Anti-Corrosion of Si3N4/SiC(n) Nanoceramic Composite Materials%氮化硅纳米复合陶瓷的抗氧化性与耐蚀性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏建武; 张晨曙; 李卫超; 袁永瑞

    2003-01-01

    采用极性分散剂和超声分散技术,在氮化硅微米粉中加入碳化硅纳米粉真空热压制备出氮化硅/碳化硅(n)纳米复合陶瓷,研究了纳米增强相对纳米复合陶瓷抗氧化性与耐蚀性的影响.结果表明:随着SiC纳米粉的含量的增加,纳米复合陶瓷在空气中加热时抗氧化性增强,其中含15%SiC纳米粉的纳米复合陶瓷抗氧化性最好;纳米复合陶瓷的耐碱性也非常好,适于在酸、碱性环境中使用.

  11. 水工金属结构高压水砂除锈防腐涂装技术研究%Study on high pressure hydraulic sandblasting derusting and anti-corrosive coating technology for hydraulic steel structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁军

    2015-01-01

    高压水砂除锈防腐涂装技术包含高压水砂表面处理技术及带湿耐锈防腐涂装技术.本文从技术原理、技术特点及对比试验等方面对该技术进行了分析研究,解决了干法喷砂除锈的粉尘物理污染和金属喷涂的化学污染,保护了环境和操作人员健康,延长了工程的使用寿命,节省了投资.

  12. 基于改进MVC的石化装置防腐综合管理系统%Petrochemical equipment anti-corrosion management system based on improved MVC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟鸣; 陈晓龙

    2014-01-01

    石化企业中的炼化装置结构复杂,影响因素众多,设备腐蚀程度难以控制。为保证企业的生产安全,必须对石化企业在生产和检修中积累的数据记录进行信息化管理,并在此基础上建立数学模型,对炼化装置的腐蚀程度进行预测。%Petrochemical equipment of petrochemical enterprise is complicated, affected element is very much; it is difficult to control the corrosion degree of device. To ensure product safety, it is necessary to manage the product data and inspection data of petrochemical enterprise with computer information management system, and building the mathematical model, to predict the corrosion degree of Petrochemical equipment.

  13. Impact of heat treatment on surface chemistry of Al-coated Eurofer for application as anti-corrosion and T-permeation barriers in a flowing Pb-15.7Li environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konys, J., E-mail: juergen.konys@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Krauss, W.; Holstein, N.; Lorenz, J.; Wulf, S. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Bhanumurthy, K. [Scientific Information Resource Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2012-08-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Electro-chemical Al deposition is industrially relevant for barrier formation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Al scales have to be converted into protective layers by heat treatments. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Morphology of scales depend on deposition parameters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Solid state diffusion step at 640 Degree-Sign C avoids critical Al melting and activates steel surface. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} protective scales detected. - Abstract: The compatibility testing of Eurofer steel in flowing Pb-15.7Li has shown that corrosion attack is a serious concern at least under view of precipitate formation from dissolved steel components in cooler system sections, leading to a high risk of tube blockages. Additionally, the T-permeation from the liquid breeder through the steel structure into the He-cooling system is an important safety issue. Both topics may be reduced by the application of barriers. Hot dip aluminization (HDA) showed that Al scales exhibit such ability but claimed also the development of improved coating technologies. Thus, two electro-chemically-based deposition processes, which exhibit industrial relevance and adjustable layer thickness of deposited Al, were developed, tested and characterized. Both are working with water-free electrolytes of toluene or ionic liquid (IL) base near room temperature (RT). The successfully deposited homogeneous layers need a heat treatment to establish the required protective/functional properties. During this stage, the Al reacts with the steel and forms an Al-enriched zone with a thin protective Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} surface scale. However, the topology is rough and pores are visible. Thus, for optimization of surface structure and scale quality, investigations concerning the required heat treatment were performed including effects coming from the applied coating technology.

  14. Synthesis and Performance Testing of Zinc Borate Anti-corrosion Materials%防腐材料硼酸锌的合成研究及性能测试

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉星; 安燕; 贾贞贞; 杨雪艳

    2013-01-01

    研究了氧化锌-硼酸法合成2335型硼酸锌过程中锌硼物料比、液固比、反应温度、反应时间对产物组成的影响.通过实验,优化得出硼酸锌的最佳合成工艺参数:nZnO:nH3 BO3为1∶4.3,固液比1∶3,反应温度85℃,反应时间8h.通过化学分析如滴定法和X射线衍射法分析硼酸锌样品,并对合成产物进行了生物实验的研究,初步证实2335型硼酸锌对白腐菌有一定的抑制生长的作用.

  15. Improved additives for engine fuels and additived engine fuels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denis, J.; Montagne, X.; Mulard, P.; Eber, D.

    1991-01-04

    A fuel additive with good detergency for inlet valves of spark ignition engines and anticorrosive properties is obtained by reaction of a succinic derivative on a polyamine and a substituted imidazoline.

  16. Development of Novel Corrosion Techniques for a Green Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Zaki Ahmad; Faheemuddin Patel

    2012-01-01

    The synergistic effect of air pollution, brown clouds and greenhouse gasses is deleterious to human health and industrial products. The use of toxic inhibitors, chemicals in water treatment plants, and anti-fouling agents in desalination plants has contributed to the greenhouse effect. Conventional anti-corrosion techniques such as paints, coatings, inhibitor treatments, and cathodic protection paid no regard to greenhouse effect. Work on eco-friendly anti-corrosion techniques is scanty and l...

  17. Effect of temperature, chloride ions and sulfide ions on the electrochemical properties of 316L stainless steel in simulated cooling water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The influence of temperature, chloride ions and sulfide ions on the anticorrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel in simulated cooling water was studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and anodic polarization curves. The results show that the film resistance increases with the solution temperature but decreases after 8 days' immersion, which indicates that the film formed at higher temperature has inferior anticorrosion behavior; Chloride ions and sulfide ions have remarkable effects on the elect...

  18. Low-cost Evaporator Protection Method against Corrosion in a Pulverized Coal Fired Boiler

    OpenAIRE

    Arkadiusz Krzysztof Dyjakon; Przemysław Bukowski

    2010-01-01

    Corrosion processes appearing on the watertubes in a combustion chamber of pulverized coal-fired boilers require permanent control and service. Subject to the power plant strategy, different anti-corrosion protection methods can be applied. Technical-economical analysis has been performed to evaluate and support the decisions on maintenance and operation services. The paper presents and discusses results of the application of an air protection system in boiler OP-230 in view of anti-corrosion...

  19. Theoretical and Experimental Study of Bimetal-Pipe Hydroforming

    OpenAIRE

    Dezhi, Zeng; Kuanhai, Deng; Taihe, Shi; Yuanhua, Lin; Hongjun, Zhu; Tianlei, Li; Yongxing, Sun

    2014-01-01

    The corrosion of oil country tubular goods (OCTG) gets more and more serious especially in the acidic environment. So, it is very important to develop a perfect anticorrosion technology for exploring sour oil and gas fields economically and safely. Analysis indicates that the bimetal-pipe (BP) which consists of the base layer of low carbon steel and a corrosion resistant alloy (CRA) cladding layer is an economic and reliable anticorrosion technology and has broad application prospects in the ...

  20. Application of Long-term Zn-Al Alloy Anticorrosive Coatings for Spent Fuel Storage Tanks in Nuclear Power Plants%锌-铝长效防腐涂层在核电乏燃料贮存罐中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢媛媛; 刘金华

    2010-01-01

    乏燃料贮存罐的腐蚀破坏可能导致灾难性事故,其维护的特殊性,要求一种长效安全的防护技术.简述了钢铁在海洋大气中的腐蚀,对比分析了几种钢铁表面防护方法,探讨Zn-Al合金防腐蚀机理.在上述基础上,推荐了关于乏燃料贮存罐长效防腐蚀建议方案.

  1. Application of Non-impregnant, Insulative, Water-repellent & Anticorrosive Epoxy Coating Denaturalized by Cardanol in Large-sized Petrolic Storage Tank%腰果酚改性环氧无溶剂绝缘防水重防腐涂料在大型石油储备罐中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施铭德; 周爱; 罗辉; 曾福生

    2008-01-01

    改性腰果酚作新型固化剂制备无溶剂绝缘防水重防腐涂料,因其具有许多综合性特殊优点及其无VOC挥发,已成为大型储油罐底板内壁防腐的首选涂料.研究了新型固化剂对改性环氧树脂作用机理及其具备的特性,并通过DSC和FT-IR测试及耐盐雾试验对涂料进行部分表征.

  2. La certification ACQPA des peintures et systèmes de peinture : Un label de durabilité pour les maîtres d'ouvrages

    OpenAIRE

    BRIQUET, Philippe; HAMPARIAN, Serge

    2010-01-01

    L'ACQPA (Association pour la Certification et la Qualification en Peinture Anticorrosion) est une association tierce-partie qui délivre une marque volontaire de certification française pour la protection des ouvrages. Elle gère la qualité des produits, la qualification des opérateurs chargés de l'application et des inspecteurs chargés du contrôle. L'ACQPA certifie la protection anticorrosion des structures métalliques, des applications militaires navales (et terrestres en cours), des peinture...

  3. Water-soluble metal working fluids additives derived from the esters of acid anhydrides with higher alcohols for aluminum alloy materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Syutaro; Tomoda, Hideyuki; Watanabe, Shoji

    2007-01-01

    Water-soluble metal working fluids are used for processing of aluminum alloy materials. This short article describes properties of new additives in water-soluble metal working fluids for aluminum alloy materials. Many half esters or diesters were prepared from the reactions of higher alcohols with acid anhydrides. Interestingly, diesters of PTMG (tetrahydrofuran oligomer, MW = 650 and 1000) and polybutylene oxide (MW = 650) with maleic anhydride and succinic anhydride showed both of an excellent anti-corrosion property for aluminum alloy and a good hard water tolerance. The industrial soluble type processing oils including these additives also showed anti-corrosion property and hard water tolerance. PMID:17898514

  4. Synthesis of N-Alkylperfluorooctanesulfonamides and Its Derivatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yan; CHEN Zhi-Qi; ZHOU Ye-Bing; CHEN Zu-Xing; LIU Zhao-Jie

    2003-01-01

    @@ N-Alkylperfluorooctanesulfonamide compounds are special fine chemicals, and have been applied in many fields, such as vulcanizing agents for fluoro rubbers, smooth and friction reducing for coatings, fire extinguisher, anticorrosive agents for metals, water- and oil-repellents for leather, textiles and paper, photographic emulsion.[1

  5. НЕКОТОРЫЕ КОНСЕРВАЦИОННЫЕ МАТЕРИАЛЫ НА ОСНОВЕ ПРОИЗВОДНЫХ ТАЛЛОВЫХ МАСЕЛ ДЛЯ ЗАЩИТЫ ОТ АТМОСФЕРНОЙ КОРРОЗИИ УГЛЕРОДИСТОЙ СТАЛИ

    OpenAIRE

    Шель, Наталья; Бернацкий, Павел; Цыганкова, Людмила

    1999-01-01

    The results of the investigation of oil-thickening ability of the derivatives of distilled tall acids and polyethylenepolyamine are presented. The compositions of these derivatives and transformer oil are effective against carbonaceous steel atmospheric corrosion. They absorb some water to form the emulsions showing higher anticorrosive action.

  6. Anti corrosion layer for stainless steel in molten carbonate fuel cell - comprises phase vapour deposition of titanium nitride, aluminium nitride or chromium nitride layer then oxidising layer in molten carbonate electrolyte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2000-01-01

    Forming an anticorrosion protective layer on a stainless steel surface used in a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) - comprises the phase vapour deposition (PVD) of a layer comprising at least one of titanium nitride, aluminium nitride or chromium nitride and then forming a protective layer in situ...... by replacement of the nitride ions with oxide ions in the molten carbonate electrolyte....

  7. STUDY ON THE CARDANOL-ALDEHYDE CONDENSATION POLYMER CONTAINING BORON-NITROGEN COORDINATE BOND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    Cardanol-aldehyde condensation polymer containing boron-nitrogen coordinate bond (CFBN) has been synthesized and characterized by IR, XPS, HPLC and DTA-TG. Its properties were also investigated. The results show that the coating film of CFBN has excellent physico-mechanical properties, good anticorrosive properties and stable at high temperature.

  8. Economic Efficiency of Innovative Materials for Sectors of Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroshnikova Tatyana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper proposes an approach to the assessment of the economic efficiency of innovative anti-corrosion coatings for sectors of the national economy of the Russia on the basis of a synthesis of strategic sectoral and cost analysis. According to the authors, a comparative analysis of composite polymeric anticorrosion protecting coatings with similar products, estimating of direct and indirect economic effect and prognosis of implementation, forms a deeper understanding of the role of innovative technologies in the Russian state development of import substitution, the investment attractiveness of Russian industries in the new part technologies, applied research activities of private companies. Metal consumption sectors of the economy were chosen as an object of research, as they are characterized by the use of the following products: industrial construction and reconstruction, nuclear and thermal power, chemical, oil and gas, utilities, food processing, automotive, shipbuilding, aviation and rocket science, other industry. Basic modeling of implementation of anticorrosion protecting coatings in industrial enterprises was carried out on the basis of generating energy enterprises as one of the main end-users of anti-corrosive materials that also issue accurate statements.

  9. Corrosion Inhibition on SAE 1010 Steel by Nanoscale Exopolysaccharides Coatings Determined by Electrochemical and Surface Characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plating, painting and the application of enamel are the most common anti-corrosion treatments. They are effective by providing a barrier of corrosion resistant material between the damaging environment and the structural material. Coatings start failing rapidly if scratched or damaged because a co...

  10. Corrosion behaviour of metals and alloys in the waters of the Arabian Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sawant, S.S.; Wagh, A.B.

    . Corrosion rate of metals and performance evaluation of anti-corrosive paint systems in Yishakhapatnam harbour. Proc.Symp. Protection ofmaterials in the sea. 107-114. 3. C.P.De. 1984. Present state of technology for control of marine corrosion and fouling...

  11. Polysaccharide Thin Films – Buildup and Hydration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plating, painting and the application of enamel are common anti-corrosion treatments by providing a barrier of resistant material between the damaging environment and the structural material. Coatings start failing rapidly if scratched or damaged because “pitting” occurs at high rates in cracks or p...

  12. Biobased polymers for corrosion protection of metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anticorrosive biobased polymers were developed in our lab. We isolated an exopolysaccharide produced by a microbe that, when coated on metal substrates, exhibited unique corrosion inhibition. Corrosion is a worldwide problem and impacts the economy, jeopardizes human health and safety, and impedes t...

  13. Image processing and feature extraction of microscopic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shi Chun Hua

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the characteristics of white blood cells, diseased cells during feature extraction, the introduction of anti-corrosion factor for microscopic image processing, experiments show that the method of classification and extraction of diseased cells have better results.

  14. Composite coating prepared by micro-arc oxidation followed by sol-gel process and in vitro degradation properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Mg phosphate coating was prepared on home-developed Mg-Zn-Ca alloy to improve its anticorrosion performance in simulated body fluid (SBF, Kokubo solution). The coating was prepared by micro-arc oxidation (MAO) method at the working voltage of 120-140 V. Evident improvement of anticorrosion was obtained even through the surface was porous. To further diminish the contact with SBF, a TiO2 layer was coated on the porous MAO layer by sol-gel dip coating followed by an annealing treatment. The coatings were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDS). The electrochemical performance of the MAO and TiO2/MAO coated alloys was evaluated by anodic polarization measurements. The pores on Mg phosphate layer provided accommodation sites for the subsequent TiO2 sol-gel coating which sealed the pores and hence significantly enhanced the anticorrosion while single MAO coating only improve anticorrosion within a limited range. The present result indicates that fabrication of composite coatings is a significant strategy to improve the corrosion resistance of Mg-Zn-Ca alloy and other alloys, thus enhancing the potential of using Mg alloys as bio-implants.

  15. Corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of pulse electrodeposited Ni-TiO2 composite coating for sintered NdFeB magnet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ni-TiO2 composite coating which was prepared under pulse current conditions was successfully performed on sintered NdFeB magnet. As a comparison, pure nickel coating was also prepared. The phase structure, the surface morphology, the chemical composition, the anti-corrosion performance of the coatings for magnets, the microhardness and the wearing resistance performance of the coatings were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), electrochemical technique, Vickers hardness tester and ball-on-disc tribometer, respectively. The results revealed that Ni-TiO2 composite coating provided excellent anti-corrosion performance for the magnets, and showed higher microhardness and better anti-wear performance.

  16. Electrochemical assessing corrosion inhibiting effects of zinc aluminum polyphosphate (ZAPP) as a modified zinc phosphate pigment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naderi, R. [Polymer Engineering Department, AmirKabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-413, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Attar, M.M. [Polymer Engineering Department, AmirKabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-413, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: attar@cic.aut.ac.ir

    2008-07-20

    Undesirable anti-corrosion performance of zinc phosphate pigment, the classical chromate replacement, has led researchers to take modification into account. Polyphosphate-based anti-corrosion pigments as a result of modification of zinc orthophosphate have been found to function much more efficiently. This study aimed to evaluate performance of steel samples immersed in 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution-containing zinc aluminum polyphosphate (ZAPP) pigment extract compared to those involving conventional zinc phosphate (ZP) pigment extract and also no pigment (blank) using electrochemical tests such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and linear polarization (LP) as well as surface analysis. Impedance spectra and polarization curves revealed two different trends, showing the superiority of ZAPP pigment. Based on the results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), presence of a precipitated layer on the surface was confirmed when steel sample was immersed into the solution-containing ZAPP.

  17. Corrosion Resistance of Zinc Coatings With Aluminium Additive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Votava Jiří

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper is focused on evaluation of anticorrosion protection of inorganic metal coatings such as hot-dipped zinc and zinc-galvanized coatings. The thickness and weight of coatings were tested. Further, the evaluation of ductile characteristics in compliance with the norm ČSN EN ISO 20482 was processed. Based on the scratch tests, there was evaluated undercorrosion in the area of artificially made cut. Corrosion resistance was evaluated in compliance with the norm ČSN EN ISO 9227 (salt-spray test. Based on the results of the anticorrosion test, there can be stated corrosion resistance of each individual protective coating. Tests were processed under laboratory conditions and may vary from tests processed under conditions of normal atmosphere.

  18. Oleic acid-grafted chitosan/graphene oxide composite coating for corrosion protection of carbon steel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fayyad, Eman M; Sadasivuni, Kishor Kumar; Ponnamma, Deepalekshmi; Al-Maadeed, Mariam Al Ali

    2016-10-20

    An anticorrosion coating film based on the formation of nanocomposite coating is reported in this study. The composite consisted of chitosan (green matrix), oleic acid, and graphene oxide (nano filler). The nanocomposite coating was arranged on the surface of carbon steel, and the corrosion resistance was monitored using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization (PP). Compared to the pure chitosan (CS) coating, the corrosion resistance of oleic acid-modified chitosan/graphene oxide film (CS/GO-OA) is increased by 100 folds. Since the well-dispersed smart grafted nanolayers delayed the penetration rate of corrosive species and thus maintained long term anticorrosive stability which is correlated with hydrophobicity and permeability. PMID:27474635

  19. Ultra-thin α-SiNx protective overcoats for hard disks and read/write heads

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that amorphous silicon nitride (a-SiNx) overcoats were deposited at room temperature by microwave ECR plasma enhanced unbalanced magnetron sputtering. The 2 nm a-SiNx overcoat has better anti-corrosion properties than that of reference a-CNx overcoats (2–4.5 nm). The superior anti-corrosion performance is attributed to its stoichiometric bond structure, where 94.8% Si atoms form Si–N asymmetric stretching vibration bonds. The N/Si ratio is 1.33 as in the stoichiometry of Si3N4 and corresponds to the highest hardness of 25.0 GPa. The surface is atomically smooth with RMS x overcoats are promising for hard disks and read/write heads protective coatings. (condensed matter: structure, thermal and mechanical properties)

  20. Deposition of SiOx on Metal Surface with a DBD Plasma Gun at Atmospheric Pressure for Corrosion Prevention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Erli; CHEN Qiang; ZHANG Yuefei; CHEN Fei; GE Yuanjing

    2007-01-01

    In this study,SiOx films were deposited by a dielectric barrier discharge(DBD)plasma gun at an atmospheric pressure.The relationship of the film structures with plasma powers Was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR),and scanning electron microscope(SEM).It was shown that an uniform and cross-linking structure film was formed by the DBD gun.As an application,the SiOx films were deposited on a carbon steel surface for the anti-corrosion purpose.The experiment was carried out in a 0.1 M NaC1 solution.It Was found that a very good anti-corrosive property was obtained,i.e.,the corrosion rate Was decreased c.a.15 times in 5% NaC1 solution compared to the non-SiOx coated steel,as detected by the potentiodynamic polarization measurement.

  1. Ultrathin TiSiN overcoat protection layer for magnetic media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    TiSiN ultrathin films (10-50 A) deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering from TixSiy targets were used as anticorrosion overcoats to protect Co-containing recording media. Films' growth, structure, composition, resistance against hydrolysis, and anticorrosion performances were studied by spectroscopy (x-ray reflectivity and diffraction, ellipsometry, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy) and simulated by molecular dynamics (using modified Tersoff-type interatomic interactions). TiSiN ultrathin overcoats were found to be dense amorphous oxynitrides containing Ti-O-Si linkages. The conversion of SiNx into SiOx by hydrolysis was prevented by introducing less than 20 at. % of Ti in the films. Thanks to the formation of Ti-O-Si linkages which densify the films and reduce oxygen diffusion, good corrosion protection of the magnetic media was achieved down to 28 A TiSiN overcoat thickness.

  2. The correlation between materials, processes and final properties in the pipeline coating system with polyethylene in triple layer; A correlacao entre materiais, processos e propriedades finais no sistema de revestimento de tubos com polietileno em tripla camada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Luiz C.; Campos, Paulo H. [Confab Industrial S.A., Pindamonhangaba, SP (Brazil); Silva, Christian E.; Santos, Paulo T. [Soco-Ril do Brasil S.A., Pindamonhangaba, SP (Brazil)

    2003-07-01

    The use of anticorrosion coating is a common practice in industrial pipeline applications. Among the several coatings types to buried and submerged pipelines, over all, the Fusion Bonded Epoxy and Three Layer Polyethylene coating systems have been large employed. They have showed an excellent performance protecting the pipe metal from external corrosive environment, considerably decreasing the designed cathodic protection requirements, basically in the first years of pipeline operation. Coating system success depends on not only of a suitable design or of the materials technology, but also depends on the process parameters and the raw material characteristics exhibited during the application. In this paper will be presented in a theoretical approach how the process parameters and the raw materials characteristics may affect the three layer polyethylene anticorrosion coating final properties. (author)

  3. Effects of Nano Pigments on the Corrosion Resistance of Alkyd Coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Alkyd coatings embedded with nano-TiO2 and nano-ZnO pigments were prepared. The effects of nano pigments on anticorrosion performance of alkyd coatings were investigated using electrochemical impedance spectrum (EIS). For the sake of comparison, the corrosion protection of alkyd coatings with conventional TiO2 and ZnO was also studied. It was found that nano-TiO2 pigment improved the corrosion resistance as well as the hardness of alkyd coatings. The optimal amount of nano-TiO2 in a colored coating for corrosion resistance was 1%. The viscosities of alkyd coatings with nanometer TiO2 and ZnO and conventional TiO2 and ZnO pigments were measured and the relation between viscosity and anticorrosion performance was discussed.

  4. New water-soluble metal working fluids additives from phosphonic acid derivatives for aluminum alloy materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohara, Ichitaro; Tomoda, Hideyuki; Watanabe, Shoji

    2007-01-01

    Water-soluble metal working fluids are used for processing of aluminum alloy materials. This short paper describes properties of new additives for water-soluble cutting fluids for aluminum alloy materials. Some alkyldiphosphonic acids were prepared with known method. Amine salts of these phosphonic acids showed anti-corrosion property for aluminum alloy materials. However, they have no hard water tolerance. Monoesters of octylphosphonic acid were prepared by the reaction of octylphosphonic acid dichloride with various alcohols in the presence of triethylamine. Amine salts of monoester of octylphosphonic acid with diethyleneglycol monomethyl ether, ethyleneglycol monomethyl ether and triethyleneglycol monomethyl ether showed both of a good anti-corrosion property for aluminum alloy materials and hard water tolerance. PMID:17898459

  5. The Synthesis and Electrochemical Behavior of High-Nitrogen Nickel-Free Austenitic Stainless Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Shicheng; Wei, Sufeng; Wang, Guoyong; Jiang, Zhonghao; Lian, Jianshe; Ji, Changtao

    2014-11-01

    A new smelting method to synthesize high-nitrogen nickel-free austenitic stainless steel was suggested. The synthesized steel completely consists of austenite and represents more brilliant anti-corrosion ability both in salt solution and sulfuric acid solution. The brilliant anti-corrosion ability is retained even after severe cold-rolling deformation, which ensures its workability in practice. The potentiodynamic polarization curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and passivating treatment were used to characterize its corrosion properties and uncover its corrosion mechanism in salt solution. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to clarify the mechanism of passivation. The results demonstrate that the steel has a more uniform and thicker passive film than traditional stainless steel due to the cooperation of nitrogen and chromium.

  6. Corrosion Behavior of Zirconium Treated Mild Steel with and Without Organic Coating: a Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghanbari, Alireza; Attar, Mohammadreza Mohammadzade

    2014-10-01

    In this study, the anti-corrosion performance of phosphated and zirconium treated mild steel (ZTMS) with and without organic coating was evaluated using AC and DC electrochemical techniques. The topography and morphology of the zirconium treated samples were studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) respectively. The results revealed that the anti-corrosion performance of the phosphate layer was superior to the zirconium conversion layer without an organic coating due to very low thickness and porous nature of the ZTMS. Additionally, the corrosion behavior of the organic coated substrates was substantially different. It was found that the corrosion protection performance of the phosphate steel and ZTMS with an organic coating is in the same order.

  7. Investigations of Local Corrosion Behavior of Plasma-Sprayed FeCr Nanocomposite Coating by SECM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Xi; Shu, Mingyong; Zhong, Qingdong; Zhang, Junliang; Zhou, Qiongyu; Bui, Quoc Binh

    2016-02-01

    FeCr alloy coating can be sprayed on low-carbon steel to improve the corrosion resistance because of FeCr alloy's high anti-corrosion capacity. In this paper, Fe microparticles/Cr nanoparticles coating (NFC) and FeCr microparticles coating (MFC) were prepared by atmospheric plasma spraying and NFC was heat-treated under hydrogen atmosphere at 800 °C (HNFC). EDS mapping showed no penetration of Ni in MFC and NFC while penetration of Ni occurred in HNFC. X-ray diffraction results indicated the form of the NiCrFe (bcc) solid solution in HNFC. SECM testing in 3.5 (wt.%) NaCl revealed that the anti-corrosion capacity of NFC improved compared with MFC, while HNFC improved further.

  8. Low-cost Evaporator Protection Method against Corrosion in a Pulverized Coal Fired Boiler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkadiusz Krzysztof Dyjakon

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Corrosion processes appearing on the watertubes in a combustion chamber of pulverized coal-fired boilers require permanent control and service. Subject to the power plant strategy, different anti-corrosion protection methods can be applied. Technical-economical analysis has been performed to evaluate and support the decisions on maintenance and operation services. The paper presents and discusses results of the application of an air protection system in boiler OP-230 in view of anti-corrosion measures. It is indicated that a low-cost protection method of watertubes (evaporator against corrosion can be efficient and lead to financial savings in comparison to the standard procedure of replacement of watertube panels.

  9. Facile fabrication of large-scale stable superhydrophobic surfaces with carbon sphere films by burning rapeseed oil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stable anti-corrosive superhydrophobic surfaces were successfully prepared with the carbon nanosphere films by means of depositing the soot of burning rapeseed oil. The method is extremely cheap, facile, time-saving and avoided any of the special equipments, special reagents and complex process control. The method is suitable for the large-scale preparation of superhydrophobic surface and the substrate can be easily changed. The as-prepared surfaces showed stable superhydrophobicity and anti-corrosive property even in many corrosive solutions, such as acidic or basic solutions over a wide pH range. The as-prepared superhydrophobic surface was carefully characterized by the field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscope to confirm the synergistic binary geometric structures at micro- and nanometer scale. This result will open a new avenue in the superhydrophobic paint research with these easily obtained carbon nanospheres in the near future.

  10. Biomimetic hydrophobic surface fabricated by chemical etching method from hierarchically structured magnesium alloy substrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yan; Yin, Xiaoming; Zhang, Jijia; Wang, Yaming; Han, Zhiwu; Ren, Luquan

    2013-09-01

    As one of the lightest metal materials, magnesium alloy plays an important role in industry such as automobile, airplane and electronic product. However, magnesium alloy is hindered due to its high chemical activity and easily corroded. Here, inspired by typical plant surfaces such as lotus leaves and petals of red rose with super-hydrophobic character, the new hydrophobic surface is fabricated on magnesium alloy to improve anti-corrosion by two-step methodology. The procedure is that the samples are processed by laser first and then immersed and etched in the aqueous AgNO3 solution concentrations of 0.1 mol/L, 0.3 mol/L and 0.5 mol/L for different times of 15 s, 40 s and 60 s, respectively, finally modified by DTS (CH3(CH2)11Si(OCH3)3). The microstructure, chemical composition, wettability and anti-corrosion are characterized by means of SEM, XPS, water contact angle measurement and electrochemical method. The hydrophobic surfaces with microscale crater-like and nanoscale flower-like binary structure are obtained. The low-energy material is contained in surface after DTS treatment. The contact angles could reach up to 138.4 ± 2°, which hydrophobic property is both related to the micro-nano binary structure and chemical composition. The results of electrochemical measurements show that anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is improved. Furthermore, our research is expected to create some ideas from natural enlightenment to improve anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy while this method can be easily extended to other metal materials.

  11. Water Condensation on Zinc Surfaces Treated by Chemical Bath Deposition

    OpenAIRE

    Narhe, R.D. (Ramchandra D.); González-Viñas, W.; Beysens, D.A. (Daniel A.)

    2010-01-01

    Water condensation, a complex and challenging process, is investigated on a metallic (Zn) surface, regularly used as anticorrosive surface. The Zn surface is coated with hydroxide zinc carbonate by chemical bath deposition, a very simple, low-cost and easily applicable process. As the deposition time increases, the surface roughness augments and the contact angle with water can be varied from 75º to 150º , corresponding to changing the surface properties from hydrophobic to ultrahydrophobic a...

  12. Fabrication of superhydrophobic-superoleophilic copper mesh via thermal oxidation and its application in oil-water separation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanlong, Shi; Wu, Yang; Xiaojuan, Feng; Yongsheng, Wang; Guoren, Yue; Shuping, Jin

    2016-03-01

    A copper mesh with superhydrophobicity and superoleophilicity was fabricated via thermal oxidation and subsequent surface modification. After surface treatment, the copper mesh exhibited self-cleaning properties, striking loading capacities, and superior anticorrosion. In addition, the copper mesh could be used in a separator for separating oil from oily water with high efficiency. The presented approach may provide a promising strategy for the design and construction of superhydrophobic-superoleophilic materials which can be used for separating oil from oily water.

  13. Biomimetic hydrophobic surface fabricated by chemical etching method from hierarchically structured magnesium alloy substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As one of the lightest metal materials, magnesium alloy plays an important role in industry such as automobile, airplane and electronic product. However, magnesium alloy is hindered due to its high chemical activity and easily corroded. Here, inspired by typical plant surfaces such as lotus leaves and petals of red rose with super-hydrophobic character, the new hydrophobic surface is fabricated on magnesium alloy to improve anti-corrosion by two-step methodology. The procedure is that the samples are processed by laser first and then immersed and etched in the aqueous AgNO3 solution concentrations of 0.1 mol/L, 0.3 mol/L and 0.5 mol/L for different times of 15 s, 40 s and 60 s, respectively, finally modified by DTS (CH3(CH2)11Si(OCH3)3). The microstructure, chemical composition, wettability and anti-corrosion are characterized by means of SEM, XPS, water contact angle measurement and electrochemical method. The hydrophobic surfaces with microscale crater-like and nanoscale flower-like binary structure are obtained. The low-energy material is contained in surface after DTS treatment. The contact angles could reach up to 138.4 ± 2°, which hydrophobic property is both related to the micro–nano binary structure and chemical composition. The results of electrochemical measurements show that anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is improved. Furthermore, our research is expected to create some ideas from natural enlightenment to improve anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy while this method can be easily extended to other metal materials.

  14. Application of glass-fiber-reinforced plastics to accelerators and cryo-Dewars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glass-fiber-reinforced plastics (GFRP) are increasing in use for electrical insulating structures because of their excelent dielectric strength, high mechanical strength, high anticorrosiveness and low thermal conductivity. This article describes their application in new fields as follows : (1) large cryo-Dewar for evaluating large-pulsed magnet coils, (2) large cylindrical void-free GFRP for the time projection chamber of accelerators. (author)

  15. Experiment to decipher the effect of heavy metal cadmium on coastal benthic foraminifer Pararotalia Nipponica (Asano)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Linshy, V.N.; Saraswat, R.; Kurtarkar, S.R.; Nigam, R.

    ). 4 Cadmium finds various anthropogenic pathways to reach the environment since it is widely used in various industries (as anticorrosive agent, stabilizer in PVC products, a colour pigment, in nickel cadmium batteries, in nuclear power plants... was observed constantly. The healthy foraminifers thus maintained in the laboratory were used for further experiments. Experimental Setup The cadmium chloride monohydrate was used to prepare a stock solution of 500 µg/l concentration by dissolving CdCl2.H2O...

  16. Impact of surface chemistry

    OpenAIRE

    Somorjai, Gabor A.; Li, Yimin

    2010-01-01

    The applications of molecular surface chemistry in heterogeneous catalyst technology, semiconductor-based technology, medical technology, anticorrosion and lubricant technology, and nanotechnology are highlighted in this perspective. The evolution of surface chemistry at the molecular level is reviewed, and the key roles of surface instrumentation developments for in situ studies of the gas–solid, liquid–solid, and solid–solid interfaces under reaction conditions are emphasized.

  17. A Comparative Study of Recycling of Used Engine Oil Using Extraction by Composite Solvent, Single Solvent, and Acid Treatment Methods

    OpenAIRE

    Abro, Rashid; Chen, Xiaochun; Harijan, Khanji; Dhakan, Zulifqar A.; Ammar, Muhammad

    2013-01-01

    Engine oils are made from crude oil and its derivatives by mixing of certain other chemicals (additives) for improving their certain properties. Lubricating oil is used to lubricate moving parts of engine, reducing friction, protecting against wear, and removing contaminants from the engine, act as a cleaning agent, and act as an anticorrosion and cooling agent. This research effort focuses on comparative study of re-refined engine oils by extraction of composite solvent, single solvent, and ...

  18. Research on Abrasives in the Chemical Mechanical Polishing Process for Silicon Nitride Balls

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Silicon nitride (Si 3N 4) has been the main material for balls in ceramic ball bearings, for its lower density, high strength, high hardness, fine thermal stability and anticorrosive, and is widely used in various fields, such as high speed and high temperature areojet engines, precision machine tools and chemical engineer machines. Silicon nitride ceramics is a kind of brittle and hard material that is difficult to machining. In the traditional finishing process of silicon nitride balls, balls are lapped...

  19. Graphene/Epoxy Coating as Multifunctional Material for Aircraft Structures

    OpenAIRE

    Tullio Monetta; Annalisa Acquesta; Francesco Bellucci

    2015-01-01

    Recently, the use of graphene as a conductive nanofiller in the preparation of inorganic/polymer nanocomposites has attracted increasing interest in the aerospace field. The reason for this is the possibility of overcoming problems strictly connected to the aircraft structures, such as electrical conductivity and thus lightning strike protection. In addition, graphene is an ideal candidate to enhance the anti-corrosion properties of the resin, since it absorbs most of the light and provides ...

  20. The Mussel Adhesive Protein (Mefp-1) : A GREEN Corrosion Inhibitor

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Fan

    2013-01-01

    Corrosion of metallic materials is a natural process, and our study shows that even in an alkaline environment severe corrosion may occur on a carbon steel surface. While corrosion cannot be stopped it can be retarded. Many of the traditional anti-corrosion approaches such as the chromate process are effective but hazardous to the environment and human health. Mefp-1, a protein derived from blue mussel byssus, is well known for its extraordinary adhesion and film forming properties. Moreover,...

  1. Corrosion Resistance of Electroless Ni-Cu-P Ternary Alloy Coatings in Acidic and Neutral Corrosive Mediums

    OpenAIRE

    Mbouillé Cissé; Mohamed Abouchane; Tayeb Anik; Karima Himm; Rida Allah Belakhmima; Mohamed Ebn Touhami; Rachid Touir; Abderrahmane Amiar

    2010-01-01

    Electroless Ni-Cu-P alloy coatings were deposited on the ordinary steel substrate in an acidic hypophosphite-type plating bath. These coatings were characterized by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and an X-ray diffraction. The micrograph shows that coating presents a nodular aspect and is relatively homogeneous and very smooth. The EDX analysis shows that the coating contains 12 wt.% of phosphorus element with a predominance of nickel element. In addition, the anticorrosion properties of...

  2. Multilayer ceramic coating for impeding corrosion of sintered NdFeB magnets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.Ali; A.Ahmad; K.M.Deen

    2009-01-01

    Sintered NdFeB magnets have complex microstructure that makes them susceptible to corrosion in active environments.The current paper evaluated the anticorrosion characteristics of multilayer titanium nitride ceramic coating applied through cathodic arc physical vapour deposition(CAPVD) for protection of sintered NdFeB permanent magnets.The performance of ceramic coating was compared to the electrodeposited nickel coating having a copper interlayer.Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy(EIS) and cyclic polar...

  3. Electrodeposition of Zn-Mn alloys from recycling battery leach solutions in the presence of amines

    OpenAIRE

    Brito, P. S. D.; Patrício, S.; Rodrigues, L. F.; D. M. F. Santos; Sequeira, C. A. C.

    2010-01-01

    The recovery of metal ions by electrodeposition from solutions resulting from the lixiviation of spent Zn-MnO2 batteries was studied. It was attempted to optimise the electrodeposition process, the selectivity of ion-separation, the morphologic characteristics, and the anticorrosive and galvanic properties of metallic deposits. The simultaneous deposition of zinc and manganese on different ferrous substrates under various experimental conditions was tested. This allowed us t...

  4. Superhydrophobic Surfaces Developed by Mimicking Hierarchical Surface Morphology of Lotus Leaf

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjay S. Latthe; Chiaki Terashima; Kazuya Nakata; Akira Fujishima

    2014-01-01

    The lotus plant is recognized as a ‘King plant’ among all the natural water repellent plants due to its excellent non-wettability. The superhydrophobic surfaces exhibiting the famous ‘Lotus Effect’, along with extremely high water contact angle (>150°) and low sliding angle (<10°), have been broadly investigated and extensively applied on variety of substrates for potential self-cleaning and anti-corrosive applications. Since 1997, especially after the exploration of the surface micro/n...

  5. Underwater radiated noise from Point Absorbing Wave Energy Converters : Noise Characteristics and Possible Environmental Effects

    OpenAIRE

    Haikonen, Kalle

    2014-01-01

    The conversion of wave energy into electrical energy has the potential to become a clean and sustainable form of renewable energy conversion. However, like all forms of energy conversion it will inevitably have an impact on the marine environment, although not in the form of emissions of hazardous substances (gases, oils or chemicals associated with anticorrosion). Possible environmental issues associated with wave energy conversion include electromagnetic fields, alteration of sedimentation ...

  6. Polyurethane microcapsule with glycerol as the polyol component for encapsulated self healing agent

    OpenAIRE

    Evi Triwulandari; Ahmad Randy; Athanasia Amanda Septevani; Dewi Sondari,

    2010-01-01

    Self healing property is the ability of a material to be able to heal damages automatically and autonomously. It has wide range of application from paint coating, anti-corrosion coating, space-shuttle material, construction (concrete), automotive, etc. Microcapsules containing reactive compound for use in self healing polymers are successfully fabricated via interfacial polymerization of polyurethane (PU). The possibility of glycerol as polyol monomer for polyurethane microcapsule shell in th...

  7. Aplicación de la técnica de ruido electroquímico al estudio de pinturas comerciales de efecto barrera

    OpenAIRE

    Lanchas García-Zarco, Santiago; Alfonsín Pérez, Víctor; Suarez García, Andrés; Urréjola Madriñán, Santiago; Sánchez Bermúdez, Ángel

    2015-01-01

    Electrochemical noise is one of the methods of analysis used to interpret the phenomenon of corrosion. It has a number of advantages over other methodology types including its simplicity, its low cost and the fact that it does not disturb the system. This methodology appears to be effective together with other techniques in metal-electrolyte systems. In this case the technique is applied on its own on commercial anti-corrosion paints for which no information is available from other techniques...

  8. Influencia de la concentración de pigmento en volumen (CPV en las propiedades de una imprimación epoxi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez, M. T.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available By means of stress-strain tests, electrochemical techniques (EIS and AC/DC/AC and salt spray accelerated tests, the influence of the A=PVC/CPVC parameter (being CPVC the critical pigment volume concentration on mechanical and anticorrosive properties of an anticorrosive epoxy organic primer has been studied. Primers were formulated at different A values (0.73, 0.80, 0.88, 0.93, 0.98, 1.08, 1.15 and 1.24. It was concluded that mechanical and anticorrosive properties of an epoxy coating are greatly affected by the A parameter. The corrosion resistance increases when the PVC decreases. Anticorrosive properties characterized with the different techniques used were very similar, although AC/DC/AC offered the results in a very short time (24 h.

    Mediante ensayos de tracción (tensión-deformación, ensayos electroquímicos (EIS y AC/DC/AC y ensayos acelerados de niebla salina, se ha estudiado el efecto del parámetro A=CPV/CCPV (siendo CCPV la concentración de pigmento en volumen crítica en las propiedades mecánicas y anticorrosivas de una imprimación epoxi. Se formularon imprimaciones con diferentes valores de A (0,73, 0,80, 0,88, 0,93, 0,98, 1,08, 1,15 y 1,24. Se ha observado que las propiedades mecánicas y anticorrosivas de una imprimación epoxi se ven altamente afectadas por el parámetro A, aumentando la resistencia a corrosión al disminuir la CPV. Las conclusiones halladas mediante las diferentes técnicas fueron muy similares, destacando los ensayos AC/DC/AC por su rapidez en la obtención de resultados (24 h.

  9. The adsorption of an epoxy acrylate resin on aluminium alloy conversion coatings

    OpenAIRE

    Grilli, R; Abel, ML; Baker, MA; Dunn, B.; Watts, JF

    2011-01-01

    A thermodynamic study of the adsorption of an epoxy acrylate resin used for UV-cured coatings on two different anticorrosion pretreatments on aluminium alloys relevant to aerospace industry has been undertaken. Aluminium alloy Al2219 specimens, treated with an inorganic chromate based conversion coating (Alodine 1200S) and an organic titanium based conversion coating (Nabutan STI/310), were immersed in solutions of different concentrations of the resin and adsorption isotherms were determined...

  10. Hot-Dip Galvanized Sheet Production and Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Hot-dip galvanized sheet is wildly used in construction, household appliances, ship, vehicle and vessel building and machinery, etc. In last ten years, with the development of automobile industry, the anti-corrosion requirements for car body are increasingly strict, by which the rapid development in technology has been promoted. The application of hot-dip galvanized sheet, technological progress in production and some Chinese large units were introduced.

  11. VGB conference 'Power plant chemistry 1997' - VGB feed water meeting. Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The papers in this proceedings volume report on developments in power plant chemistry, addressing the following subject fields and activities: water treatment, water chemistry and anti-corrosion protection, demineralisation and other cleaning measures in steam generator units, flue gas desulfurization, nitrogen oxide removal from flue gas, liquid effluents treatment, and minimization of wastes. Papers from the session on power plant chemistry present recennt methods for lowering radioactivity levels in the primary cycles of PWRs and BWRs. (orig./CB)

  12. Titanium surface modification by using microwave-induced argon plasma in various conditions to enhance osteoblast biocompatibility

    OpenAIRE

    Seon, Gyeung Mi; Seo, Hyok Jin; Kwon, Soon Young; Lee, Mi Hee; Kwon, Byeong-Ju; Kim, Min Sung; Koo, Min-Ah; Park, Bong Joo; Park, Jong-Chul

    2015-01-01

    Background Titanium is a well proven implantable material especially for osseointegratable implants by its biocompatibility and anti-corrosive surface properties. Surface characteristics of the implant play an important role for the evolution of bone tissue of the recipient site. Among the various surface modification methods, plasma treatment is one of the promising methods for enhance biocompatibility. We made microwave-induced argon plasma at atmospheric pressure to improve in titanium sur...

  13. Self-assembled monolayers formed on AZ31 Mg alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salman, S. A.; Okido, M.

    2012-07-01

    Self-assembled monolayer (SAM) was successfully adsorbed on the AZ31 Mg alloy surface using oleic acid and stearic acid with various organic solvents, such as acetone, ethanol, and hexane. The surface monolayers were characterized using contact angle measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and anodic polarization test. It was shown that the higher contact angle and the best anti-corrosion property were obtained with treatment in oleic acid with ethanol solution.

  14. Formation of tunable graphene oxide coating with high adhesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Liangxu; Wu, Huaping; Green, Stephen J; Crompton, Joanna; Zhang, Shaowei; Horsell, David W

    2016-02-10

    Graphene oxide (GO) can be applied as a coating on metals, but few of these coatings have an adhesion suitable for practical applications. We demonstrate here how to form a GO coating on metals with a high adhesion (∼10.6 MPa) and tuneable surface, which can be further applied using similar/modified techniques for special applications (e.g. anti-corrosion and anti-biofouling). PMID:26814138

  15. Discoloration of a titanium alloy removable partial denture: a clinical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, A J; Rogers, P M

    2001-06-01

    With recent advances in dental technology, titanium is currently used for fabrication of crowns, fixed partial dentures, implant frameworks, and removable partial denture frameworks. The use of titanium-aluminum-vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) alloy assumes that it imparts similar anti-corrosion characteristics to the commercially pure titanium. This clinical report describes a patient who experienced discoloration of a Ti-6Al-4V alloy removable partial denture. PMID:11512116

  16. Layered double hydroxide films: synthesis, properties and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Xiaoxiao; Zhang, Fazhi; Evans, David G; Duan, Xue

    2010-08-01

    Layered double hydroxide (LDH) films have been widely investigated in the last few years because of their promising applications in areas such as catalysis, anti-corrosion coatings for metals, and as components in optical, electrical, and magnetic devices. In this Feature Article we review recent work, from our own laboratory and elsewhere, on the synthesis, properties and applications of functional LDH films, and also offer some perspectives for the design of future multifunctional LDH films. PMID:20549015

  17. DEFORMATION RELIEF AS AN INDICATOR OF REBINDER EFFECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhail Karuskevich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available  The paper presents the results of a research directed on the creating the method of assessing the impact of surfactants on the fatigue of aluminum alloys. The possibility of the Rebinder effect investigation by the deformation relief of the surface, emerging and developing as a result of cyclic loading, is shown. Anti-corrosion and lubricating materials, widely used in aviation, are selected as surfactants. The effect of surfactants on the incubation stage of fatigue is established.

  18. Potentialities inherent in high-energy surface treatment for corrosion protection of metals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Natural resources of alloying elements are limited. Application of protective coatings, surface alloying, modification of its structure make up one of the most important problems, successful solution of which will permit a sharp reduction of metal consumption, increase in the quality and service time of equipment and machines, increase in output per man - hour. Four high-energy methods of anticorrosion treatment of metal surface: gas-plasma, detonation, laser and electron-beam ones, are assessed in the review

  19. Biomimetic hydrophobic surface fabricated by chemical etching method from hierarchically structured magnesium alloy substrate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Yan; Yin, Xiaoming; Zhang, Jijia [Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), Jilin University, Changchun 130022 (China); Wang, Yaming [Institute for Advanced Ceramics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Han, Zhiwu, E-mail: zwhan@jlu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), Jilin University, Changchun 130022 (China); Ren, Luquan [Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), Jilin University, Changchun 130022 (China)

    2013-09-01

    As one of the lightest metal materials, magnesium alloy plays an important role in industry such as automobile, airplane and electronic product. However, magnesium alloy is hindered due to its high chemical activity and easily corroded. Here, inspired by typical plant surfaces such as lotus leaves and petals of red rose with super-hydrophobic character, the new hydrophobic surface is fabricated on magnesium alloy to improve anti-corrosion by two-step methodology. The procedure is that the samples are processed by laser first and then immersed and etched in the aqueous AgNO{sub 3} solution concentrations of 0.1 mol/L, 0.3 mol/L and 0.5 mol/L for different times of 15 s, 40 s and 60 s, respectively, finally modified by DTS (CH{sub 3}(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}Si(OCH{sub 3}){sub 3}). The microstructure, chemical composition, wettability and anti-corrosion are characterized by means of SEM, XPS, water contact angle measurement and electrochemical method. The hydrophobic surfaces with microscale crater-like and nanoscale flower-like binary structure are obtained. The low-energy material is contained in surface after DTS treatment. The contact angles could reach up to 138.4 ± 2°, which hydrophobic property is both related to the micro–nano binary structure and chemical composition. The results of electrochemical measurements show that anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is improved. Furthermore, our research is expected to create some ideas from natural enlightenment to improve anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy while this method can be easily extended to other metal materials.

  20. Biossurfactantes: propriedades anticorrosivas, antibiofilmes e antimicrobianas

    OpenAIRE

    Lívia Vieira de Araujo; Denise Maria Guimarães Freire; Márcia Nitschke

    2013-01-01

    Due to the importance of biofilms in the food industry, new products are being developed to enhance the efficiency of cleaning food-contact surfaces. Biosurfactants could be an alternative to synthetic products. The major advantages of biosurfactants over synthetic detergents are their low toxicity and highly biodegradable nature. Biosurfactants may also exhibit antimicrobial, anti-adhesive and anticorrosive activity concomitantly. In this review, we emphasize the potential application of bio...

  1. Preparation and Performance of Rare Earths Chemical Conversion Film on Magnesium Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Golden yellow cerium conversion film was obtained on magnesium alloys surface by immersion method and the preparation parameters were established. The influence of different process parameters on the surface morphology and performance of the conversion film were analyzed by means of SEM and electrochemical method. Formation dynamics about cerium conversion film on magnesium alloy in solution containing cerium salt and the anti-corrosion behavior of the conversion film in 3.5% NaCl solution were studied by electrochemical method respectively. The results shows that the conversion film is more compact at room temperature when concentration of cerium sulfate is 10 g·L-1 in the solution; the open circuit potential of the magnesium sample moves up to positive direction about 100 mV, the surface of conversion film becomes even and lustrous, and the adhesion intensity of conversion film increases when adding aluminum nitrate into the solution containing cerium salt. The pH value of the solution and immersion time of the sample in the solution also affect the surface morphology and anti-corrosion property of the conversion film. After covered by rare earths conversion film, the anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is obviously improved. Rare earth conversion film has self-repairing capability in corrosion medium.

  2. Preparation and application of crosslinked poly(sodium acrylate)--coated magnetite nanoparticles as corrosion inhibitors for carbon steel alloy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atta, Ayman M; El-Mahdy, Gamal A; Al-Lohedan, Hamad A; El-Saeed, Ashraf M

    2015-01-01

    This work presents a new method to prepare poly(sodium acrylate) magnetite composite nanoparticles. Core/shell type magnetite nanocomposites were synthesized using sodium acrylate as monomer and N,N-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) as crosslinker. Microemulsion polymerization was used for constructing core/shell structures with magnetite nanoparticles as core and poly(sodium acrylate) as shell. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was employed to characterize the nanocomposite chemical structure. Transmittance electron microscopy (TEM) was used to examine the morphology of the modified poly(sodium acrylate) magnetite composite nanoparticles. These particle will be evaluated for effective anticorrosion behavior as a hydrophobic surface on stainless steel. The composite nanoparticles has been designed by dispersing nanocomposites which act as a corrosion inhibitor. The inhibition effect of AA-Na/magnetite composites on steel corrosion in 1 M HCl solution was investigated using potentiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Polarization measurements indicated that the studied inhibitor acts as mixed type corrosion inhibitor. EIS spectra exhibit one capacitive loop. The different techniques confirmed that the inhibition efficiency reaches 99% at 50 ppm concentration. This study has led to a better understanding of active anticorrosive magnetite nanoparticles with embedded nanocomposites and the factors influencing their anticorrosion performance. PMID:25594340

  3. Interfacial modification of clay nanotubes for the sustained release of corrosion inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Anupam; Abdullayev, Elshad; Vasiliev, Alexandre; Volkova, Olga; Lvov, Yuri

    2013-06-18

    Long-lasting anticorrosive coatings for steel have been developed on the basis of halloysite nanotubes loaded with three corrosion inhibitors: benzotriazole, mercaptobenzothiazole, and mercaptobenzimidazole. The inhibitors' loaded tubes were admixed at 5-10 wt % to oil-based alkyd paint providing sustained agent release and corrosion healing in the coating defects. The slow 20-30 h release of the inhibitors at defect points caused a remarkable improvement in the anticorrosion efficiency of the coatings. Further time expansion of anticorrosion agent release has been achieved by the formation of release stoppers at nanotube ends with urea-formaldehyde copolymer and copper-inhibitor complexation. The corrosion protection efficiency was tested on ASTM A366 steel plates in a 0.5 M NaCl solution with the microscanning of corrosion current development by microscopy inspection and studying paint adhesion. The best protection was found using halloysite/mercaptobenzimidazole and benzotriazole inhibitors. Stopper formation with urea-formaldehyde copolymer provided an additional increase in corrosion efficiency as a result of the longer release of inhibitors. PMID:23214412

  4. Preparation and Application of Crosslinked Poly(sodium acrylate-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles as Corrosion Inhibitors for Carbon Steel Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman M. Atta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a new method to prepare poly(sodium acrylate magnetite composite nanoparticles. Core/shell type magnetite nanocomposites were synthesized using sodium acrylate as monomer and N,N-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA as crosslinker. Microemulsion polymerization was used for constructing core/shell structures with magnetite nanoparticles as core and poly(sodium acrylate as shell. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR was employed to characterize the nanocomposite chemical structure. Transmittance electron microscopy (TEM was used to examine the morphology of the modified poly(sodium acrylate magnetite composite nanoparticles. These particle will be evaluated for effective anticorrosion behavior as a hydrophobic surface on stainless steel. The composite nanoparticles has been designed by dispersing nanocomposites which act as a corrosion inhibitor. The inhibition effect of AA-Na/magnetite composites on steel corrosion in 1 M HCl solution was investigated using potentiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS. Polarization measurements indicated that the studied inhibitor acts as mixed type corrosion inhibitor. EIS spectra exhibit one capacitive loop. The different techniques confirmed that the inhibition efficiency reaches 99% at 50 ppm concentration. This study has led to a better understanding of active anticorrosive magnetite nanoparticles with embedded nanocomposites and the factors influencing their anticorrosion performance.

  5. Silica doped with lanthanum sol-gel thin films for corrosion protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abuin, M. [Department of Materials Physics, Complutense University at Madrid, Avda. Complutense sn, 28004 Madrid (Spain); Serrano, A. [Glass and Ceramic Institute, CSIC, C. Kelsen 5, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Llopis, J. [Department of Materials Physics, Complutense University at Madrid, Avda. Complutense sn, 28004 Madrid (Spain); Garcia, M.A. [Glass and Ceramic Institute, CSIC, C. Kelsen 5, 28049 Madrid (Spain); IMDEA Nanoscience, Fco. Tomas y Valiente 7, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Carmona, N., E-mail: n.carmona@fis.ucm.es [Department of Materials Physics, Complutense University at Madrid, Avda. Complutense sn, 28004 Madrid (Spain)

    2012-06-01

    We present here anticorrosive silica coatings doped with lanthanum ions for the protection of metallic surfaces as an alternative to chromate (VI)-based conversion coatings. The coatings were synthesized by the sol-gel method starting from silicon alkoxides and two different lanthanum precursors: La (III) acetate hydrate and La (III) isopropoxide. Artificial corrosion tests in acid and alkaline media showed their effectiveness for the corrosion protection of AA2024 aluminum alloy sheets for coating prepared with both precursors. The X-ray absorption Near Edge Structure and X-ray Absorption Fine Structure analysis of the coatings confirmed the key role of lanthanum in the structural properties of the coating determining its anticorrosive properties. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Silica sol-gel films doped with lanthanum ions were synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Films from lanthanum-acetate and La-alkoxide were prepared for comparison purposes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer La-acetate is an affordable chemical reactive preferred for the industry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Films properties were explored by scanning electron microscopy and X-Ray absorption spectroscopy. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An alternative to anticorrosive pre-treatments for metallic surfaces is suggested.

  6. Investigation of corrosion caused by constituents of refinery wastewater effluent used as circulating cooling water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhongzhi; Song, Shaofu; Huang, Jie; Ji, Lin; Wu, Fangyun

    2003-01-01

    The corrosion rate of steel plate using single-factor, multifactor, and complex water systems was investigated via refinery wastewater effluents used as circulating cooling water. The results show that the primary corrosion factors of steel depend on the characteristics of the ions, the formation of the oxidized coating, the diffusion of dissolved oxygen, and other complex factors, although ions such as chloride, calcium, and carbonate play an important role. The corrosion rate of carbon steel exhibits two trends: The corrosion rate is high at low conductivity, increases to a maximum, and then decreases and becomes stable with increasing conductivity, as is the case with chloride, sulfate, nitrate and calcium ions. On the other hand, the corrosion rate is highest at low conductivity and then decreases and becomes stable with increasing conductivity, as is the case with carbonate, silicate, and sodium nitrate ions. Research results indicate that the anticorrosive ability is minimal at low conductivity; but is excellent at high conductivity. Pretreatment of low-conductivity water using air flotation and clarification to decrease the concentrations of chloride, calcium, and carbonate ions to a suitable level to satisfy the anticorrosion requirements is required. However, it is not necessary to significantly reduce the salt concentration or conductivity of the water by osmosis or ion exchange to obtain an anticorrosion effect when reusing wastewater effluents as circulating cooling water. PMID:12683464

  7. The effect of polymer morphology on the performance of a corrosion inhibiting polypyrrole/aluminum flake composite pigment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two different morphologies of polypyrrole (PPy) aluminum flake composites, namely spherical PPy/Al flake composites and wire PPy/Al flake composites, were synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization. These composites were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), four point probe conductivity, conductive atomic force microscopy (C-AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). These composites were incorporated into an epoxy primer and coatings were applied on an aluminum alloy (AA 2024-T3) substrate. The coatings were exposed to salt spray according to ASTM B117 and prohesion conditions according to ASTM G85-A5. The corrosion resistance properties were monitored via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The current produced by corrosion reactions on the surface of the substrate was mapped using the scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET). Galvanic coupling experiments were performed for measurement of galvanic current and mixed potential in controlled environment. It was observed that the morphology of PPy on the surface of aluminum flake has an effect on the conductivity and anticorrosion performance of the pigment. The wire PPy/Al flake composite coatings exhibited better anticorrosion performance than the spherical PPy/Al flake composite coatings and as received aluminum flake coatings. The enhancement in anticorrosion performance was attributed to the unique morphology and electrochemical activity of the PPy on the surface of aluminum flakes. It was also revealed that the wire PPy/Al flake composite coating was sacrificially protecting the AA 2024-T3 substrate in larger defects

  8. Enhancement of the corrosion protection of electroless Ni–P coating by deposition of sonosynthesized ZnO nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharifalhoseini, Zahra [Sonochemical Research Center, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 91779 Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Entezari, Mohammad H., E-mail: entezari@um.ac.ir [Sonochemical Research Center, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 91779 Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Environmental Chemistry Research Center, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 91779 Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-10-01

    Graphical abstract: Enhancement of the corrosion protection of electroless Ni–P layer by ZnO nanoparticles deposition and the comparison with the classical and sonochemical Ni–P coatings. - Highlights: • Unique effects of ultrasound were investigated on the anticorrosive performance of electroless Ni–P coating. • Sonoynthesis of ZnO NPs and its deposition were performed on the surface of Ni–P coating. • ZnO as an anticorrosive has a critical role in the multifunctional surfaces. • Electrochemical properties of all fabricated samples were compared with each other. - Abstract: Ni–P coatings were deposited through electroless nickel plating in the presence and absence of ultrasound. The simultaneous synthesis of ZnO nanoparticle and its deposition under ultrasound were also carried out on the surface of Ni–P layer prepared by the classical method. The morphology of the surfaces and the chemical composition were determined by scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. Electrochemical techniques were applied for the corrosion behavior studies. The Ni–P layer deposited by ultrasound showed a higher anticorrosive property than the layer deposited by the classical method. The ZnO nanoparticles deposited on the surface of Ni–P layer significantly improved the corrosion resistance.

  9. An environmentally acceptable primer for galvanized steel: Formulation and evaluation by SVET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simoes, A.M.P., E-mail: alda.simoes@ist.utl.p [CIDEPINT - Centro de Investigacion y Desarrollo en Tecnologia de Pinturas (CIC-CONICET), Calle 52 e/121 y 122, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); TULisbon, Instituto Superior Tecnico, DEQB, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Carbonari, R.O.; Di Sarli, A.R.; Amo, B. del [CIDEPINT - Centro de Investigacion y Desarrollo en Tecnologia de Pinturas (CIC-CONICET), Calle 52 e/121 y 122, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); TULisbon, Instituto Superior Tecnico, DEQB, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Romagnoli, R., E-mail: estelectro@cidepint.gov.a [CIDEPINT - Centro de Investigacion y Desarrollo en Tecnologia de Pinturas (CIC-CONICET), Calle 52 e/121 y 122, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); TULisbon, Instituto Superior Tecnico, DEQB, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

    2011-01-15

    Research highlights: {yields} Chromates can be replaced successfully by aluminium phosphosilicate in paint systems. {yields} The solvents of the primer are eco-friendly ones. {yields} The primer adheres on galvanized steel and allows top-coating. {yields} The binder of the primer is compatible with other binders for top-coating. - Abstract: The object of this paper was to formulate a two-pack wash primer employing aluminium phosphosilicate as active anticorrosive pigment instead of basic zinc chromate. The anticorrosive action of the primer was evaluated by the polarization technique and the scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET). The exposed surface was then examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the surface composition determined by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. The primer was finally integrated in a complete paint scheme whose anticorrosive performance was evaluated by the salt spray chamber and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The adhesion of the primer plus a painting system was also evaluated by standard ASTM D 3359-90 test method. The wash primer pigmented with zinc chromate was used as reference. Results indicated that basic zinc chromate could be replaced by the more eco-friendly wash-primer containing aluminium phosphosilicate.

  10. Effect of current density on the structure, composition and corrosion resistance of plasma electrolytic oxidation coatings on Mg–Li alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► The PEO coatings exhibit tunable characteristics by controlling the current density. ► The coating formed at 5 A/dm2 exhibits the highest corrosion resistance. ► Anti-corrosion properties of PEO coatings are related to coating surface composition. - Abstract: The effect of current density on the oxidation process, morphology, composition and anti-corrosion properties of coatings are elucidated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis of coatings show that coatings prepared at different current densities are composed of MgO and γ-Mg2SiO4 and α-Mg2SiO4 phase. The chemical composition of PEO coatings varies from surface to the interior of the oxide coating. The PEO coatings exhibit tunable thickness, composition ratio, and porosity by controlling the current density, which ultimately affects film morphology and anti-corrosion properties. The superior corrosion resistance of coating obtained at 5 A/dm2 is attributed to the compactness of the barrier layer and the highest MgO/Mg2SiO4 ratio.

  11. A new solvent-free super high build epoxy coating evaluated by marine corrosion simulation apparatus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, X. [Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academic of Sciences, Qingdao 266071 (China); College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100 (China); Zhang, T. [College of Environmental and Safety Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042 (China); Wang, H. [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100 (China); Hou, B. [Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academic of Sciences, Qingdao 266071 (China)

    2012-04-15

    Coal tar epoxy and epoxy asphalt coating have been widely used to protect marine constructions conventionally. However, their use is being restricted for increasing environmental concerns. Therefore, solvent-free coating, i.e., coating without volatile organic compounds (VOCs) or hazardous air pollutant has become a new focus. Meanwhile, super high build (SHB) coating, having good anti-corrosion performance and environment-friendly feature, has become an important area of development in heavy-duty protection to marine constructions. Herein, we combine the virtues of solvent-free and SHB coating to introduce a new solvent-free SHB heavy-duty epoxy coating with no organic solvent and extremely low VOC content. Results show that the new coating is environment-friendly, and has excellent physical properties and anti-corrosion performance. The SHB coating performed much better than other three widely used coatings, especially in splash zone, the most dynamic area. The new solvent-free SHB coating provides an ideal substitute to coal tar epoxy and epoxy asphalt coating and is expected to be widely used for anti-corrosion of steel structures in splash, tidal, and immersed zones. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  12. Effect of current density on the structure, composition and corrosion resistance of plasma electrolytic oxidation coatings on Mg-Li alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Zhijun [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, College of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China); Yuan, Yi, E-mail: yi.yuan@hrbeu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, College of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China); Jing, Xiaoyan [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, College of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China)

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The PEO coatings exhibit tunable characteristics by controlling the current density. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The coating formed at 5 A/dm{sup 2} exhibits the highest corrosion resistance. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Anti-corrosion properties of PEO coatings are related to coating surface composition. - Abstract: The effect of current density on the oxidation process, morphology, composition and anti-corrosion properties of coatings are elucidated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis of coatings show that coatings prepared at different current densities are composed of MgO and {gamma}-Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} and {alpha}-Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} phase. The chemical composition of PEO coatings varies from surface to the interior of the oxide coating. The PEO coatings exhibit tunable thickness, composition ratio, and porosity by controlling the current density, which ultimately affects film morphology and anti-corrosion properties. The superior corrosion resistance of coating obtained at 5 A/dm{sup 2} is attributed to the compactness of the barrier layer and the highest MgO/Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} ratio.

  13. Comparative Study on Corrosion Protection of Reinforcing Steel by Using Amino Alcohol and Lithium Nitrite Inhibitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han-Seung Lee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the ability of lithium nitrite and amino alcohol inhibitors to provide corrosion protection to reinforcing steel was investigated. Two types of specimens—reinforcing steel and a reinforced concrete prism that were exposed to chloride ion levels resembling the chloride attack environment—were prepared. An autoclave accelerated corrosion test was then conducted. The variables tested included the chloride-ion concentration and molar ratios of anti-corrosion ingredients in a CaOH2-saturated aqueous solution that simulated a cement-pore solution. A concentration of 25% was used for the lithium nitrite inhibitor LiNO2, and an 80% solution of dimethyl ethanolamine ((CH32NCH2CH2OH, hereinafter DMEA was used for the amino alcohol inhibitor. The test results indicated that the lithium nitrite inhibitor displayed anti-corrosion properties at a molar ratio of inhibitor of ≥0.6; the amino alcohol inhibitor also displayed anti-corrosion properties at molar ratios of inhibitor greater than approximately 0.3.

  14. An environmentally acceptable primer for galvanized steel: Formulation and evaluation by SVET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research highlights: → Chromates can be replaced successfully by aluminium phosphosilicate in paint systems. → The solvents of the primer are eco-friendly ones. → The primer adheres on galvanized steel and allows top-coating. → The binder of the primer is compatible with other binders for top-coating. - Abstract: The object of this paper was to formulate a two-pack wash primer employing aluminium phosphosilicate as active anticorrosive pigment instead of basic zinc chromate. The anticorrosive action of the primer was evaluated by the polarization technique and the scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET). The exposed surface was then examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the surface composition determined by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. The primer was finally integrated in a complete paint scheme whose anticorrosive performance was evaluated by the salt spray chamber and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The adhesion of the primer plus a painting system was also evaluated by standard ASTM D 3359-90 test method. The wash primer pigmented with zinc chromate was used as reference. Results indicated that basic zinc chromate could be replaced by the more eco-friendly wash-primer containing aluminium phosphosilicate.

  15. 污水罐的腐蚀原因及其防护措施%Causes Leading to Corrosion of Wastewater Tank and Protection Measure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱吉新

    2009-01-01

    炼油厂污水因为含有Cl-,NH3,CN-,S2-和酚类等强腐蚀介质,短时间内就能致使污水罐常规防腐蚀涂层起泡、剥落失效,最终导致罐体穿孔泄露.经现场多种涂料挂片试验筛选,采用WF40含硫污水介质专用防腐蚀涂料对腐蚀介质有很好的防护作用,从2004年使用至今,罐体运行正常,使用效果良好.%Wastewater at oil-refining plants contains strong corrosive media such as Cl-, NH3, CN-, S2- , and phe-nols, which lead to blistering and peeling-off of conventional an-ticorrosive coatings for wastewater tank and even cause leaking of the tank. Thus coupon-suspension field tests were carried out for various paintings and coatings so as to screen those suitable to the anticorrosive protection of the wastewater tank. It was found that WF40 special anticorrosion painting applicable to S- containing wastewater was able to effectively protect the wastewater tank. Since it was put into use in 2004, the wastewater tank has been running well, indicating that the painting is indeed effective for preventing the wastewater lank from corrosion by wastewater con-taining Cl-, NH3, CN- , S2- , and phenols.

  16. Mechanisms of improving the cyclic stability of V-Ti-based hydrogen storage electrode alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research highlights: → The corrosion resistance of V-based phase is much lower than that of C14 Laves phase of V-Ti-based alloys. → The addition of Cr which mostly distributes in V-based phase can effectively increase the anti-corrosion ability of V-Ti-based alloys. → The addition of Cr which mostly distributes in V-based phase can effectively increase the anti-corrosion ability of V-Ti-based alloys. - Abstract: In this work, the mechanisms of improving the cyclic stability of V-Ti-based hydrogen storage electrode alloys were investigated systemically. Several key factors for example corrosion resistance, pulverization resistance and oxidation resistance were evaluated individually. The V-based solid solution phase has much lower anti-corrosion ability than C14 Laves phase in KOH solution, and the addition of Cr in V-Ti-based alloys can suppress the dissolution of the main hydrogen absorption elements of the V-based phase in the alkaline solution. During the charge/discharge cycling, the alloy particles crack or break into several pieces, which accelerates their corrosion/oxidation and increases the contact resistance of the alloy electrodes. Proper decreasing the Vickers hardness and enhancing the fracture toughness can increase the pulverization resistance of the alloy particles. The oxidation layer thickness on the alloy particle surface obviously increases during charge/discharge cycling. This deteriorates their electro-catalyst activation to the electrochemical reaction, and leads to a quick degradation. Therefore, enhancing the oxide resistance can obviously improve the cyclic stability of V-Ti-based hydrogen storage electrode alloys.

  17. Photocured epoxy/graphene nanocomposites with enhanced water vapor barrier properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Periolatto, M.; Sangermano, M.; Spena, P. Russo

    2016-05-01

    A transparent, water vapor barrier film made of an epoxy resin and graphene oxide (GO) was synthesized by photopolymerization process. The epoxy/GO film with just 0.05 wt% GO gives a 93% WVTR reduction with respect to the pristine polymer, reaching barrier properties better than other polymer composites containing higher amounts of graphene. The excellent water vapor barrier is attributed to the good dispersion of GO in the polymer matrix. Moreover, GO significantly enhances the toughness and the damping capacity of the epoxy resins. The hybrid film can have potential applications in anticorrosive coatings, electronic devices, pharmaceuticals and food packaging.

  18. Superhydrophobic Materials Technology-PVC Bonding Techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunter, Scott R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Efird, Marty [VeloxFlow, LLC

    2013-05-03

    The purpose of the technology maturation project was to develop an enhanced application technique for applying diatomaceous earth with pinned polysiloxane oil to PVC pipes and materials. The oil infiltration technique is applied as a spray of diluted oil in a solvent onto the superhydrophobic diatomaceous earth substrate. This makes the surface take on the following characteristics: wet-cleanable; anti-biofouling; waterproof; and anti-corrosion. The project involved obtaining input and supplies from VeloxFlow and the development of successful techniques that would quickly result in a commercial license agreement with VeloxFlow and other companies that use PVC materials in a variety of other fields of use.

  19. Cyclotriphosphazene and TiO2 reinforced nanocomposite coated on mild steel plates for antibacterial and corrosion resistance applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnadevi, Krishnamoorthy; Selvaraj, Vaithilingam

    2016-03-01

    The mild steel surface has been modified to impart anticorrosion and antibacterial properties through a dip coating method followed by thermal curing of a mixture containing amine terminated cyclotriphosphazene and functionalized titanium dioxide nanoparticles reinforced benzoxazine based cyanate ester composite (ATCP/FTiO2/Bz-CE). The corrosion resistance behavior of coating material has been investigated by electrochemical and antibacterial studies by disc diffusion method. The nanocomposites coated mild steels have displayed a good chemical stability over long immersion in a corrosive environment. The protection efficiency has found to be high for ATCP/FTiO2/Bz-CE composites, which can be used in microelectronics and marine applications.

  20. Boron nitride nanosheets as oxygen-atom corrosion protective coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research of two-dimensional nanomaterials for anticorrosion applications is just recently burgeoning. Herein, we demonstrate the boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs) coatings for protecting polymer from oxygen-atom corrosion. High-quality BNNSs, which are produced by an effective fluid dynamics method with multiple exfoliation mechanisms, can be assembled into coatings with controlled thickness by vacuum filtration. After exposed in atom oxygen, the naked polymer is severely corroded with remarkable mass loss, while the BNNSs-coated polymer remains intact. Barrier and bonding effects of the BNNSs are responsible for the coating's protective performance. These preliminary yet reproducible results pave a way for resisting oxygen-atom corrosion

  1. Formation of Surface Corrosion-Resistant Nanocrystalline Structures on Steel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nykyforchyn, Hryhoriy; Kyryliv, Volodymyr; Maksymiv, Olha; Slobodyan, Zvenomyra; Tsyrulnyk, Oleksandr

    2016-12-01

    Engineering materials with nanocrystalline structure could be exploited under simultaneous action of mechanical loading and corrosion environments; therefore, their corrosion resistance is important. Surface nanocrystalline structure was generated on middle carbon steels by severe plastic deformation using the method of mechanical pulse friction treatment. This treatment additionally includes high temperature phase transformation and alloying. Using a complex of the corrosive, electrochemical and physical investigations, it was established that nanocrystalline structures can be characterized by lower or increased corrosion resistance in comparison with the reference material. It is caused by the action of two confronting factors: arising energy level and anticorrosive alloying of the surface layer. PMID:26831689

  2. COATING LAYER AND CORROSION PROTECTION CHARACTERISTICS IN SEA WATER WITH VARIOUS THERMAL SPRAY COATING MATERIALS FOR STS304

    OpenAIRE

    SEONG-JONG KIM; YONG-BIN WOO

    2010-01-01

    We investigated the optimal method of application and the anticorrosive abilities of Zn, Al, and Zn + 15%Al spray coatings in protecting stainless steel 304 (STS304) in sea water. If a defect such as porosity or an oxide layer, causes STS304 to be exposed to sea water, and the thermal spray coating material will act as the cathode and anode, respectively. The Tafel experiments revealed that Al-coated specimens among applied coating methods had the lowest corrosion current densities. As the co...

  3. A new type counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI WeiWei; CAI Ning; ZHAO Ying; ZHANG XiaoDan; SUN Jian; WEI ChangChun; YUAN CunDa; LI Yuan; SU Yan; XIONG ShaoZhen

    2009-01-01

    A new type counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) was proposed which consists of aubstrate, aluminum film and platinum film. The new type counter electrode can obviously improve the photoelectric conversion efficiency of DSCs from 3.46% to 7.07% under the standard AM1.5 irradiation condition. Advantages and shortcomings of this new type counter electrode in terms of electrical properties, optical properties and anti-corrosive properties were analyzed. As a result, some improvements were proposed.

  4. A new type counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    A new type counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) was proposed which consists of substrate, aluminum film and platinum film. The new type counter electrode can obviously improve the photoelectric conversion efficiency of DSCs from 3.46% to 7.07% under the standard AM1.5 irradiation condition. Advantages and shortcomings of this new type counter electrode in terms of electrical properties, optical properties and anti-corrosive properties were analyzed. As a result, some improvements were proposed.

  5. Development of 36-V valve-regulated lead-acid battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohmae, T.; Hayashi, T.; Inoue, N.

    A 36-V valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery used in a 42-V power system has been developed for the Toyota Hybrid System-Mild (THS-M) vehicle to meet the large electrical power requirements of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and the increasing power demands on modern automobile electrical systems. The battery has a longer cycle-life in HEV use through the application of ultra high-density active-material and an anti-corrosive grid alloy for the positive plates, special additives for the negative plates, and absorbent glass mat with less contraction for the separators.

  6. Preparation and Characterization of Muscovite Mica/UV Coating Materials for Steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the exfoliation and surface modification of muscovite mica for UV coating formulation. For the exfoliation of the mica, hydrothermal process was used in the presence of lithium nitrate (LiNO3). After the cation exchange with Li+ ions, the surface of the mica was modified with several amphiphilic substances to increase compatibility and storage stability in UV coating formulation. Such a hydrophobic surface modification affected colloidal stability as well as dispersibility of the exfoliated mica in UV coating solution. Anticorrosive property of mica/UV coated steel plates was tested by salt spray test (SST) and compared with sodium montmorillonite (Na+ - MMT)/UV coated steel plates

  7. Biossurfactantes: propriedades anticorrosivas, antibiofilmes e antimicrobianas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Vieira de Araujo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the importance of biofilms in the food industry, new products are being developed to enhance the efficiency of cleaning food-contact surfaces. Biosurfactants could be an alternative to synthetic products. The major advantages of biosurfactants over synthetic detergents are their low toxicity and highly biodegradable nature. Biosurfactants may also exhibit antimicrobial, anti-adhesive and anticorrosive activity concomitantly. In this review, we emphasize the potential application of biosurfactants as surface coating agents to prevent corrosion and decrease planktonic and sessile microbial growth.

  8. Science and Technology of China Onshore Petroleum Industry Towards 21st Century (Part 4)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Chengde; Liu Bingyi; Gao Chao

    1996-01-01

    @@ V. Oil/Gas Field Construction and Oil/Gas Storage and Transportation Techniques The surface engineering construction of oil and gas fields in China has made great progress in various respects of technology, such as oil and gas gathering and transferring,water injection, treating technology and equipment for oil,gas and water, automation of oil/gas field, techniques of surface engineering for special oil and gas reservoirs,sulfur-resistant and anti-corrosion techniques for recovery and gathering of sour gas field.

  9. Fundamentals of corrosion control design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perrigo, L.D.; Jensen, G.A.

    1979-03-01

    The development of corrosion control design principles and practice is discussed. It is concluded that by applying simple and straightforward principles to the design of systems, buildings and equipment, operational corrosion problems may be reduced or avoided. These corrosion control design principles are concerned with promoting the use of orientation, layout, and configuration to avoid the holdup of solutions, abrupt flow changes, impingement and stagnant areas. Climatic conditions and terrain are important siting considerations in reducing atmospheric corrosion of buildings and facilities. A determined effort is needed to broaden the understanding of anticorrosion design measures and principles because these are not widely known and recognized by designers and architects.

  10. Advances in the research of nitrogen containing stainless steels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The current status of nitrogen containing stainless steels at home and aboard has been introduced. The function and existing forms of nitrogen in the stainless steels, influence of nitrogen on mechanical properties and anti-corrosion properties as well as the application of nitrogen containing cast stainless steels were discussed in this paper. It is clear that nitrogen will be a potential and important alloying element in stainless steels. And Argon Oxygen Decarbonization (AOD) refining can provide an advanced manufacture process for nitrogen containing stainless steels with ultra-low- carbon and high cleanliness.

  11. Infrared emitters for efficient thermal industrial processes; Infrarot-Strahler fuer effiziente industrielle Waermeprozesse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bopp, Marie-Luise [Heraeus Noblelight GmbH, Hanau (Germany)

    2011-03-15

    Drying of paint on metal parts, curing of anti-corrosion coatings on brake pads, forming of plastic components - innumerable thermal processes are used in industrial production. In certain cases, however, they can prove a serious challenge to manufacturers, since these operations frequently involve significant energy-consumption and therefore costs. Infrared radiation can be tailored to specific products and processes, and thus provide energy-efficient solutions for many thermal industrial processes. A range of examples illustrate that it is worthwhile analyzing thermal processes more precisely to find the most energy-efficient solutions. (orig.)

  12. Rare earth and silane as chromate replacers for corrosion protection on galvanized steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Tianlan; MAN Ruilin

    2009-01-01

    The present work aimed at using rare earth lanthanum salt and trimethoxy(viny)silance as chromate substitutes for galvanized steel passivation, in contrast to zinc coating samples treated with chromate. The corrosion resistance was assessed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and neutral salt spray tests (NSS). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize the sample surfaces. The organic coating adhesion on the panel was also investigated via varnishes-cross cut tests. The results indicated that rare earth and silane two-step treatment gave more effective anticorrosion performance than Cr, which also provided good paint adhesion. The coating formation mechanism was also discussed.

  13. Effect of vapor phase corrosion inhibitor on microbial corrosion of aluminum alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, S S; Ku, C H; Bor, H J; Lin, Y T

    1996-02-01

    Vapor phase corrosion inhibitors were used to investigate the antimicrobial activities and anticorrosion of aluminum alloy. Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. versicolor, Chaetomium globosum and Penicillium funiculosum had moderate to abundant growth on the aluminum alloy AA 1100 at Aw 0.901, while there was less growth at Aw 0.842. High humidity stimulated microbial growth and induced microbial corrosion. Dicyclohexylammonium carbonate had a high inhibitory effect on the growth of test fungi and the microbial corrosion of aluminum alloy, dicyclohexylammonium caprate and dicyclohexylammonium stearate were the next. Aluminum alloy coating with vapor phase corrosion inhibitor could prevent microbial growth and retard microbial corrosion. PMID:10592784

  14. Coatings against corrosion and microbial adhesion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Telegdi, J.; Szabo, T.; Al-Taher, F.; Pfeifer, E.; Kuzmann, E.; Vertes, A. [Chemical Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1025 Budapest, Pusztaszeri ut 59/67 (Hungary)

    2010-12-15

    A systematic study on anti-corrosion and anti-fouling effect of hydrophobic Langmuir-Blodgett and self-assembled molecular layers deposited on metal surfaces, as well as anti-microbial adhesion properties of coatings with biocide is presented. Both types of efficiencies produced by LB films are enhanced by Fe{sup 3+} ions built in the molecular film. The quaternary ammonium type biocide embedded into the cross-linked gelatin decreased significantly the microbial adhesion, the biofilm formation. (Copyright copyright 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  15. ENERGY PECULIAR FEATURES PERTAINING TO NANO- TECHNOLOGY OF COATING DEPOSITION USING MIXED MATRICES FOR AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ivashko

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A systematic analysis of factors that influence on the processes of  protective coating formation based on mixed matrices has been presented in the paper. The paper demonstrates a significant role of energy parameters of modifier drop-phase dispersed particles formed in the process of pneumatic spraying  and surface layer of a metal substrate on the mechanisms pertaining to formation of coating structure with optimal characteristics. Compositions of anticorrosive and tribological coatings for application in the designs of higher resource automotive components  have been proposed in the paper.

  16. Preparation of High Performance Non-dispersible Concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Cong-sheng; LU Lin-nu; GUAN Shao-bo; DING Qing-jun; HU Shu-guang

    2004-01-01

    A new-type underwater non-dispersible concrete admixture NDA was prepared,its function mechanism was analyzed,and C40 high performance non-dispersible underwater concrete was manufactured by applying NDA.The results indicate that NDA has a suitable workability,low strength loss,and excellent anti-dispersion;the fresh non-dispersible underwater concrete with NDA has high anti-dispersion,excellent workability such as self-compacting and not bleeding;hardened non-dispersible underwater concrete with NDA has a high strength,high durability such as high anti-abrasion,impermeability and anticorrosion.

  17. Coating for the fixation of superficial contamination of materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Low cost, commercially available and easy to apply coatings are examined to prevent metal corrosion and to limit cement dust formation during power reactor dismantling. Epoxy compounds are selected because of anticorrosive properties, ease of application on any support, even without preparation and they are efficient for 1 to 5 years. Containment and radiation resistance up to 600 Mrads are studied on samples coated with one or two layers. For application the airless system is the more appropriate. An equipment is concerned and for highly radioactive environment automation and remote operation with a modified commercial robot is studied

  18. STUDIES ON THE INHIBITIVE EFFECT OF DATURA STRAMONIUM EXTRACT ON THE ACID CORROSION OF MILD STEEL

    OpenAIRE

    PANDIAN BOTHI RAJA; MATHUR GOPALAKRISHNAN SETHURAMAN

    2007-01-01

    The extract of Datura stramonium has been studied as a possible source of green inhibitor for corrosion of mild steel (MS) in HCl and H2SO4 media at different temperatures. The anticorrosion effect was evaluated by conventional weight loss studies, electrochemical studies viz., Tafel polarization, ac impedance, and SEM studies. The studies reveal that the plant extract acts as a good inhibitor in both the acid media and better in H2SO4 medium. Tafel polarization method indicate that the plant...

  19. Examining the Abrasion Behaviour of PA 66 Gears in Different Cycles

    OpenAIRE

    Rifat Yakut; Hayrettin Düzcükoglu

    2014-01-01

    Gears made of plastic-based materials are anticorrosive, resistant to magnetic environments, and light and have pulse decay, low noise, and self-lubrication properties, and therefore their usage areas are widening every single day. In this experiment, the working conditions of 30% fibreglass PA 66 (PA 66 GFR 30) plastic material with PA 66 (PA 66 GFR 30) plastic material and AISI 8620 couple gear are observed. Usage of PA 66 GFR 30 material as gear material at 56.75 Nm constant load and 750 r...

  20. The building part of main production units of the Temelin nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceedings contain 17 papers; 16 have been inputted in INIS. They concern problems encountered in the preparation of the Temelin nuclear power plant construction, mainly those related to concreting jobs, experience with quality testing and assurance of concrete mixes and of concrete parts of buildings. Experience is reported with concreting massive foundation slabs, temperature stress calculation in concrete structures, and reinforcement work. Several papers are devoted to the organization of preparatory work on the site and to concrete plant operation, one paper discusses the methodology of tests of the geometric parameters of buildings, and one is devoted to anticorrosion surface paints. (M.D.). l tab., 48 figs., 23 refs

  1. Program for fundamental and applied research of fuel cells in VNIIEF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anisin, A.V.; Borisseonock, V.A.; Novitskii, Y.Z.; Potyomckin, G.A.

    1996-04-01

    According to VNIIEF the integral part of development of fuel cell power plants is fundamental and applied research. This paper describes areas of research on molten carbonate fuel cells. Topics include the development of mathematical models for porous electrodes, thin film electrolytes, the possibility of solid nickel anodes, model of activation polarization of anode, electrolyte with high solubility of oxygen. Other areas include research on a stationary mode of stack operation, anticorrosion coatings, impedance diagnostic methods, ultrasound diagnostics, radiation treatments, an air aluminium cell, and alternative catalysts for low temperature fuel cells.

  2. Thin polycrystalline diamond films protecting zirconium alloys surfaces: From technology to layer analysis and application in nuclear facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashcheulov, P.; Škoda, R.; Škarohlíd, J.; Taylor, A.; Fekete, L.; Fendrych, F.; Vega, R.; Shao, L.; Kalvoda, L.; Vratislav, S.; Cháb, V.; Horáková, K.; Kůsová, K.; Klimša, L.; Kopeček, J.; Sajdl, P.; Macák, J.; Johnson, S.; Kratochvílová, I.

    2015-12-01

    Zirconium alloys can be effectively protected against corrosion by polycrystalline diamond (PCD) layers grown in microwave plasma enhanced linear antenna chemical vapor deposition apparatus. Standard and hot steam oxidized PCD layers grown on Zircaloy2 surfaces were examined and the specific impact of polycrystalline Zr substrate surface on PCD layer properties was investigated. It was found that the presence of the PCD coating blocks hydrogen diffusion into the Zircaloy2 surface and protects Zircaloy2 material from degradation. PCD anticorrosion protection of Zircaloy2 can significantly prolong life of Zircaloy2 material in nuclear reactors even at temperatures above Zr phase transition temperatures.

  3. 渗氮

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    [篇名 ] Activated Migration Sintering,[ 篇名] Activation of steel surfaces by oxynitriding,[ 篇名 ] Active screen plasma nitriding technology,[ 篇名 ] Advanced Plasma Nitriding for Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys,[篇名] An anti-corrosion and wear-resisting compounding nitrided layer on precise pressed parts of soft steels,[ 篇名] An experimental study to correlate water jet impingement erosion resistance and properties of metallic materials and coatings,[篇名] An Influence of Son Bombarding on the Effects of Nitriding in D. C. Glow Discharge Plasma。

  4. Fuel elements and safety engineering goals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are good prospects for silicon carbide anti-corrosion coatings on fuel elements to be realised, which opens up the chance to reduce the safety engineering requirements to the suitable design and safe performance of the ceramic fuel element. Another possibility offered is combined-cycle operation with high efficiencies, and thus good economic prospects, as with this design concept combining gas and steam turbines, air ingress due to turbine malfunction is an incident that can be managed by the system. This development will allow economically efficient operation also of nuclear power reactors with relatively small output, and hence contribute to reducing CO2 emissions. (orig./DG)

  5. Impact of oils and coatings on adhesion of structural adhesives

    OpenAIRE

    Hagström, Marcus

    2015-01-01

    This is a master thesis project conducted for Scania CV AB in collaboration with Swerea Kimab. The purpose is to examine how oils and coatings on the surface affect the adhesion of adhesives. Earlier work done by Scania indicate that the amount of oil applied may have an impact on the adhesion. Substrates tested are hot dipped galvanised steel, electro galvanised. AlSi and ZnMg. Oils used are Anticorit RP 3802 that is an anti-corrosive oil and Renoform 3802 that is a drawing oil. The two adhes...

  6. Effect of lanthanum addition on microstructure and corrosion behavior of AI-Sn-Bi anodes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Delong; LI Defu; HAN Li; JI Lianqin

    2011-01-01

    Novel Al-Sn-Bi anodes with and without lanthanum (La) were prepared. To evaluate the corrosion properties of the anodes, constant current and dynamic loop tests were carried out to determine its efficiency and corrosion rote. Optical microscopy (OM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy spectrum analysis techniques were used to examine and analyze microstructure and corrosion behavior of the specimens. The result showed that the Al-Sn-Bi anodes with La additions revealed higher current efficiency and anticorrosion in artificial environment. Segregation phase of anodes with La additions got more homogenous than that without La additions. Its grains were fined and the amount of segregation Fe-phase was reduced.

  7. Formation of Surface Corrosion-Resistant Nanocrystalline Structures on Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nykyforchyn, Hryhoriy; Kyryliv, Volodymyr; Maksymiv, Olha; Slobodyan, Zvenomyra; Tsyrulnyk, Oleksandr

    2016-02-01

    Engineering materials with nanocrystalline structure could be exploited under simultaneous action of mechanical loading and corrosion environments; therefore, their corrosion resistance is important. Surface nanocrystalline structure was generated on middle carbon steels by severe plastic deformation using the method of mechanical pulse friction treatment. This treatment additionally includes high temperature phase transformation and alloying. Using a complex of the corrosive, electrochemical and physical investigations, it was established that nanocrystalline structures can be characterized by lower or increased corrosion resistance in comparison with the reference material. It is caused by the action of two confronting factors: arising energy level and anticorrosive alloying of the surface layer.

  8. Design and construction of engineering test device of a multi-purpose radwaste incineration system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author describes designs of main un-standard devices, monitoring system and safety system, as well as construction of the engineering system devices for a multi-purpose radwaste incineration system. Un-standard devices include waste crusher, pyrolysis furnace, incinerator furnace, cool stream dilution device and bag filter, etc. The monitoring system mainly includes industrial controlled computer, supported by conventional electrical equipment and instruments. Designs of system safety takes account of containment of radioactive materials fire-prevention, explosion prevention, anti-corrosion, redundance and reservation, emergency system, controlling and electric safety system, etc. Results show that main technological system remains good airtight with leakage ratio at 0.67%

  9. Diffusion zinc plating of structural steels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report deals with the research on diffusion zinc plating of structural steels when replacing their cyanide cadmium plating. The results of the experiments in the open air, in vacuum, in the inert atmosphere, under various temperatures (300 - 500 deg.C) for different steel brands are presented. It is shown that diffusion zinc plating in argon or nitrogen atmosphere ensures obtaining the qualitative anticorrosion coating with insignificant change of mechanical properties of steels. The process is simple, reliable, ecology pure and cost-effective. (authors)

  10. Low temperature growth of graphene on Cu-Ni alloy nanofibers for stable, flexible electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zheng-Dong; Yin, Zong-You; Du, Ze-Hui; Yang, Yang; Zhu, Min-Min; Xie, Ling-Hai; Huang, Wei

    2014-04-01

    Here, we report a facile approach to grow graphene on Cu-Ni alloy NFs at a temperature as low as 450-500 °C, in which solid polystyrene (PS) carbon source and two-temperature-zone furnace were used to prepare graphene. The graphene coated Cu-Ni (designated as G-coated Cu-Ni) NFs were fully characterized by Raman spectra, XPS, FESEM and TEM. The G-coated Cu-Ni NFs exhibited excellent anti-oxidation, anti-corrosion and flexibility properties. The anti-corrosion of G-coated Cu-Ni NFs was examined through cyclic voltammetry measurements by using sea water as the electrolyte solution. Finally, using crossed arrays of G-coated Cu-Ni NF composite electrode thin films (sheet resistance is ~10 Ω sq-1) as the flexible electrode, an alternating current (AC) electroluminescent (EL) device with a configuration of G-coated Cu-Ni/active layer (ZnS : Cu phosphor)/dielectric layer (BaTiO3)/front electrode (CNT) has been fabricated. Under an AC voltage of 200 V and frequency of 1300 Hz, the ACEL device emitted blue light at 496 nm with a brightness of 103 cd m-2.Here, we report a facile approach to grow graphene on Cu-Ni alloy NFs at a temperature as low as 450-500 °C, in which solid polystyrene (PS) carbon source and two-temperature-zone furnace were used to prepare graphene. The graphene coated Cu-Ni (designated as G-coated Cu-Ni) NFs were fully characterized by Raman spectra, XPS, FESEM and TEM. The G-coated Cu-Ni NFs exhibited excellent anti-oxidation, anti-corrosion and flexibility properties. The anti-corrosion of G-coated Cu-Ni NFs was examined through cyclic voltammetry measurements by using sea water as the electrolyte solution. Finally, using crossed arrays of G-coated Cu-Ni NF composite electrode thin films (sheet resistance is ~10 Ω sq-1) as the flexible electrode, an alternating current (AC) electroluminescent (EL) device with a configuration of G-coated Cu-Ni/active layer (ZnS : Cu phosphor)/dielectric layer (BaTiO3)/front electrode (CNT) has been fabricated. Under

  11. Evaluación de desempeño en concretos adicionados con microsílica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Martínez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to show the results of a study about effects of adding microsilica (Sikafume to cement (Portland type I in order to improve the mechanical corrosion properties of concrete. Two mixtures were elaborated (m1 y m2 with the same amount of water and cement. Different tests were carried out in order to characterize the structural properties of concrete: mechanical resistance, granulometry and capillary suction test. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS and Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR techniques were used to evaluate the anti-corrosion properties. The results show that adding microsilica improves both the mechanical and corrosion properties of the respective concrete

  12. Advances in the research of nitrogen containing stainless steels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhongqiu ZHANG

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available The current status of nitrogen containing stainless steels at home and abroad has been introduced. The function and existing forms of nitrogen in stainless steels, influence of nitrogen on mechanical properties and anti-corrosion properties as well as the application of the nitrogen containing stainless steels were discussed in this paper. It is clear that nitrogen will be a potential and important alloying element in stainless steels. And Argon Oxygen Decarbonization (AOD refining can provide an advanced manufacture process for nitrogen containing stainless steels with ultra-low carbon and high cleaniness.

  13. Conducting polymer/clay nanocomposites and their applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Fei Fei; Choi, Hyoung Jin; Joo, Jinsoo

    2008-04-01

    This review aims at reporting on interesting and potential aspects of conducting polymer/clay nanocomposites with regard to their preparation, characteristics and engineering applications. Various conducting polymers such as polyaniline, polypyrrole and copolyaniline are introduced and three different preparation methods of synthesizing conducting polymer/clay nanocomposites are being emphasized. Morphological features, structure characteristics and thermal degradation behavior are explained based on SEM/TEM images, XRD pattern analyses and TGA/DSC graphs, respectively. Attentions are also being paid on conductive/magnetic performances as well as two potential applications in anti-corrosion coating and electrorheological (ER) fluids. PMID:18572558

  14. Conductive and transparent superhydrophobic films on various substrates by in situ deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Guiyuan; Liang, Weixin; Wang, Ben; Zhang, Yabin; Li, Jing; Shi, Lei; Guo, Zhiguang

    2013-05-01

    Conductive and transparent superhydrophobic coatings on poly (ethylene terephthalate), polystyrene (PS), glass slides were fabricated by a facile and low-cost in situ deposition method, forming a binary structure by nanocomposites. The results showed that the maximum transmittance of the coated PS substrates reached to as high as 62.6%, with the contact angle as high as 167° and the sliding angle as low as 4°. Importantly, the transparent superhydrophobic films are conductive, which is very vital for their promising applications in industry, such as auto-windshield glass, anti-corrosion materials, and microfluidic devices.

  15. Alkylphenol derivatives of the polymer of thiocyanic acid and 5-amino-1,2,4-dithiazole-3-thione as an effective additives to fuels and lubricants

    OpenAIRE

    Vasylkevych, Oleksandr; Kofanova, Olena; Tkachuk, Kostyantyn; Kofanov, Oleksii

    2016-01-01

    For ensuring the operation of the mechanisms at high temperatures and pressures, it is necessary to use both stable base oils and effective additives in the composition of the lubricants. In the research, antioxidative and anticorrosive properties were identified in the oils of the condensation products of the alkylphenols with paraformaldehyde and thiocyanic acid polymer. The condensation products of the 5­amino­1,2,4­dithiazole­3­thione (Xanthane Hydride) with the 2,6­di­tert­Butylphenol an...

  16. Surface nanostructures orienting self-protection of an orthodontic nickel-titanium shape memory alloys wire

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Shape memory alloys (SMA) have been applied to a wide variety of applications in a number of different fields such as aeronautical applications, sensors/actuators, medical sciences as well as orthodontics. It is a hot topic to enhance the anti-corrosion ability of orthodontic wires for clinical applications. In this letter, a very nice fractal structure, micro-domains with identical nanometer sized grooves, was obtained on the surfaces of the orthodontic wires with an oxygen plasma and acid corrosion. The concave parts of the grooves were dominated by titanium and convex parts were the same as the bulk wires. The micro-nano fractal structure generated a hydrophobic surface with the largest contact angle to water being about 157°. The titanium dominated nanolayer and the hydrophobicity of the surface resulted in jointly the great improvement of the anti-corrosion ability of the orthodontic wires. Because the fractal structures of the wires were formed automatically when they immersed in acidic environment, hence, the self-protection of the oxygen plasma-treated orthodontic wires in acidic environment indicates their potential applications in orthodontics, and should be also inspirable for other applications of SMA materials.

  17. Hybrid organic-inorganic coatings including nanocontainers for corrosion protection of magnesium alloy ZK30

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kartsonakis, I. A., E-mail: ikartsonakis@ims.demokritos.gr [IAMPPNM, NCSR ' DEMOKRITOS' , Sol-Gel Laboratory (Greece); Koumoulos, E. P.; Charitidis, C. A., E-mail: charitidis@chemeng.ntua.gr [School of Chemical Engineering NTUA (Greece); Kordas, G. [IAMPPNM, NCSR ' DEMOKRITOS' , Sol-Gel Laboratory (Greece)

    2013-08-15

    This study is focused on the fabrication, characterization, and application of corrosion protective coatings to magnesium alloy ZK30. Hybrid organic-inorganic coatings were synthesized using organic-modified silicates together with resins based on bisphenol A diglycidyl ether. Cerium molybdate nanocontainers (ncs) with diameter 100 {+-} 20 nm were loaded with corrosion inhibitor 2-mercaptobenzothiazole and incorporated into the coatings in order to improve their anticorrosion properties. The coatings were investigated for their anticorrosion and nanomechanical properties. The morphology of the coatings was examined by scanning electron microscopy. The composition was estimated by energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. The mechanical integrity of the coatings was studied through nanoindentation and nanoscratch techniques. Scanning probe microscope imaging of the coatings revealed that the addition of ncs creates surface incongruity; however, the hardness to modulus ratio revealed significant strengthening of the coating with increase of ncs. Studies on their corrosion behavior in 0.5 M sodium chloride solutions at room temperature were made using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Artificial defects were formatted on the surface of the films in order for possible self-healing effects to be evaluated. The results showed that the coated magnesium alloys exhibited only capacitive response after exposure to corrosive environment for 16 months. This behavior denotes that the coatings have enhanced barrier properties and act as an insulator. Finally, the scratched coatings revealed a partial recovery due to the increase of charge-transfer resistance as the immersion time elapsed.

  18. Environmentally acceptable and light metal neutral coolant additives for modern internal combustion engines. Modern coolant additives - final report; Umwelt- und leichtmetallvertraegliche Kuehlmittelzusaetze fuer moderne Verbrennungskraftmaschinen. Moderne Kuehlmittelzusaetze - Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berger, C.; Gugau, M. [Technische Univ. Darmstadt (DE). Inst. fuer Werkstoffkunde (IFW); Kaiser, M.; Sausen, E. [Daimler Chrysler AG, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    This project aims at researching environmentally and light metal compatible coolant additives of modern combustion engines and validating for the operational application. The main research divides into two category groups. On the one hand the further development of conventional engine concepts on basis of aluminium and cast iron materials (for car, truck and high-power engines) is to be considered. Because the capability raise in combination with an increase of combustion efficiency necessitates a better corrosion prevention stability of coolant additives to higher temperatures. In addition the reduction of coolant volume in smaller radiators with new materials of material combinations intensifies the necessity of thermal stability and the stretch of corrosion prevention. Otherwise the application of magnesium alloys is made possible for construction units for example crankcase or cylinder head that are contacted with coolant fluid in the future. Because of the considerably higher corrodibility of magnesium alloys it is necessary to examine the specific anticorrosion concepts of coolant additives. Thereby the process of corrosion prevention to magnesium and the stimulant activation of individual inhibitors to other materials of the engine take centre stage. Both intentions are closely involved with the requirement that the anticorrosion additives of cooling fluids for all engine concepts are to be evaluated under changed criteria for toxicological/ecological reasons. (orig.)

  19. Direct growth of cerium oxide nanorods on diverse substrates for superhydrophobicity and corrosion resistance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Cerium oxide nanorods were uniformly grown on diverse substrates. • Changes in growth conditions led to morphology evolution of cerium oxide nanostructures. • The grown cerium oxide nanostructures were single or poly crystalline. • Direct growth of cerium oxide nanorods made the diverse substrates superhydrophobic and anti-corrosive without any surface modifiers. - Abstract: Superhydrophobic surfaces with anti-corrosion properties have attracted great interest in many industrial fields, particularly to enhance the thermal performance of offshore applications such as heat exchangers, pipelines, power plants, and platform structures. Nanostructures with hydrophobic materials have been widely utilized to realize superhydrophobicity of surfaces, and cerium oxide has been highlighted due to its good corrosion resistive and intrinsically hydrophobic properties. However, few studies of direct growth of cerium oxide nanostructures on diverse substrates have been reported. Herein we report a facile hydrothermal method to directly grow cerium oxide nanorods on diverse substrates, such as aluminum alloy, stainless steel, titanium, and silicon. Diverse substrates with cerium oxide nanorods exhibited superhydrophobicity with no hydrophobic modifiers on their surfaces, and showed good corrosion resistive properties in corrosive medium. We believe our method could pave the way for realization of scalable and sustainable corrosion resistive superhydrophobic surfaces in many industrial fields

  20. Effect of Zn on mechanical property and corrosion property of extruded Mg-Zn-Mn alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Dong-song; ZHANG Er-lin; ZENG Song-yan

    2008-01-01

    The effect of Zn on the microstructure, the mechanical property and the corrosion property in simulated body fluid(SBF) of an extruded Mg-Mn alloy was studied. The results indicate that the addition of Zn element can significantly refine the grain size of the extruded Mg-Mn alloy. When Zn content is increased from 0% to 3%, the grain size decreases from 12 μm to 4 μm. Meanwhile, the mechanical properties also increase remarkably with increasing Zn content. When Zn content is 3%, the ultimate tensile strength and the yield strength are increased by 54.7 MPa and 69.7 MPa, respectively. Zn can also improve the anti-corrosion property of the alloy. The best anti-corrosion property is obtained with 1% Zn. However, further increase of Zn content up to 3% deteriorates the corrosion property. Finally, the influence mechanism of Zn on the microstructure, the mechanical property and the corrosion property was discussed.

  1. Structural characterization and corrosive property of Ni-P/CeO2composite coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Huiming; JIANG Shihang; ZHANG Linnan

    2009-01-01

    Electroless Ni-P/nano-CeO2 composite coating was prepared in acidic condition, and its microstructure and corrosive property were compared with its CeO2-free counterpart. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), transmission electronic microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction spectrometer (XRD), and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) were used to examine surface morphology and microstructure of the coating. Corrosive investigation was carried out in 3%NaCl+5%H2SO4 solution. The results showed that Ni-P coating had partial amorphous structure mixed with nanocrystals, whereas the Ni-P/CeO2 coating had perfect amorphous structure. In high temperature condition, Ni3P precipitation and Ni crystallization occurred in both coatings but at different temperatures, whereas the Ni-P/CeO2 coating had sintered phase of NiCe2O4 spinels. The anticorrosion property and passivity were improved in the CeO2-containing coating due to its less liability to undergo local-cell corrosion than its CeO2-free counterpart. During the co-deposition process, some Cen+ (n=3, 4) ions may be adsorbed to the metal/solution interface, hinder nickel's crystal-typed deposition and promote phosphorous deposition. The nano-CeO2 doping finally resulted in the coating' perfect amorphous structure and good anti-corrosive property.

  2. Electrochemical and Photoelectrochemical Study of Self-assembled Monolayer of Phytic Acid on Brass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Qun-Jie; WAN Zong-Yue; ZHOU Guo-Ding; YIN Ren-He; CAO Wei-Min; LIN Chang-Jian

    2008-01-01

    Phytic acid is an environment-friendly reagent for processing metals.The anticorrosion and inhibiting mechanism for phytic acid monolayers self-assembled on a brass (HSn70-1) electrode has been investigated by using electrochemical and photocurrent response methods.The electrochemical measurements indicate that phytic acid is liable to form surface complexes on the brass electrode,and the self-assembled monolayers (SAM) change the structure of the electric double-layer and shift the potential of zero charge positively.The photochemical measurement indicates that the brass electrode shows a p-type photoresponse owing to the formation of a Cu2O layer on its surface,and the presence of SAM weakens significantly the photoresponse,suggesting an excellent effect on anticorrosion,which is consistent with the EIS and polarization curve measurements.Adsorption of phytic acid was found to be typical of chemisorption,which can be reasonably described on the basis of the Langmuir isotherm.

  3. Application of artificial neural network and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system to investigate corrosion rate of zirconium-based nano-ceramic layer on galvanized steel in 3.5% NaCl solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Film formation of Zr-based conversion coating under different conditions was investigated. • We study the effect of some parameters on anticorrosion performance of conversion coating. • Optimization of processing conditions for surface treatment of galvanized steel was obtained. • Modeling and predicting corrosion current density of treated surfaces was performed using ANN and ANFIS. - Abstract: A nano-ceramic Zr-based conversion solution was prepared and optimization of Zr concentration, pH, temperature and immersion time for the treatment of hot-dip galvanized steel (HDG) was performed. SEM microscopy was utilized to investigate the microstructure and film formation of the layer and the anticorrosion performance of conversion coating was studied using polarization test. Artificial intelligence systems (ANN and ANFIS) were applied on the data obtained from polarization test and the models for predicting corrosion current density values were attained. The outcome of these models showed proper predictability of the methods. The influence of input parameters was discussed and the optimized conditions for Zr-based conversion layer formation on the galvanized steel were obtained as follows: pH 3.8–4.5, Zr concentration of about 100 ppm, ambient temperature and immersion time of about 90 s

  4. Fabrication of lotus-leaf-like superhydrophobic surfaces via Ni-based nano-composite electro-brush plating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Superhydrophobic surface has become a research hot topic in recent years due to its excellent performance and wide application prospect. This paper investigates the method to fabricate superhydrophobic surface on carbon steel substrate via two-layer nano-composite electro-brush plating and subsequent surface modification with low free energy materials. The hydrophobic properties of as-prepared coatings were characterized by a water sliding angle (SA) and a water contact angle (CA) measured by the Surface tension instrument. A Scanning electron microscope was used to analyze the surface structure of plating coatings. Anti-corrosion performance of the superhydrophobic coating was characterized by a potentiodynamic polarization curve measured by the Electrochemical workstation. The research result shows that: the superhydrophobic structure can be successfully prepared by plating nano-C/Ni and nano-Cu/Ni two-layer coating on carbon steel substrate under appropriate technology and has similarity with lotus-leaf-like micro/nano composite structure; the contact angle of the as-prepared superhydrophobic coating can be up to 155.5°, the sliding angle is 5°; the coating has better anti-corrosion performance compared with substrate.

  5. Analytical investigations of poly(acrylic acid) coatings electrodeposited on titanium-based implants: a versatile approach to biocompatibility enhancement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Giglio, E; Cometa, S; Cioffi, N; Torsi, L; Sabbatini, L

    2007-12-01

    A polyacrylic acid film was synthesized on titanium substrates from aqueous solutions via an electroreductive process for the first time. This work was done in order to develop a versatile coating for titanium-based orthopaedic implants that acts as both an effective bioactive surface and an effective anti-corrosion barrier. The chemical structure of the PAA coating was investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was employed to evaluate the effect of annealing treatment on the morphology of the coatings in terms of their uniformity and porosity. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to measure ion concentrations in ion release tests performed on Ti-6Al-4V sheets modified with PAA coatings (annealed and unannealed). Results indicate that the annealing process produces coatings that possess considerable anti-corrosion performance. Moreover, the availability and the reactivity of the surface carboxylic groups were exploited in order to graft biological molecules onto the PAA-modified titanium implants. The feasibility of the grafting reaction was tested using a single aminoacid residue. A fluorinated aminoacid was selected, and the grafting reaction was monitored both by XPS, using fluorine as a marker element, and via quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) measurements. The success of the grafting reaction opens the door to the synthesis of a wide variety of PAA-based coatings that are functionalized with selected bioactive molecules and promote positive reactions with the biological system interfacing the implant while considerably reducing ion release into surrounding tissues. PMID:17516054

  6. Leading research on super metal. 3. Amorphous and nanostructured metallic materials; Super metal no sendo kenkyu. 3. Kogata buzai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Very fine structure control technique for amorphous and nanostructured metallic materials was reviewed to exceed the marginal performance of small metallic member materials. In Japan, high strength alloys and anticorrosion alloys are currently developed as an amorphous structure control technique, and ultra fine powder production and nano-compaction molding are studied for nanostructured materials. Fabrication of amorphous alloy wire materials and metal glass in USA are also introduced. Fabrication of metallic nanocrystals deposited within gas phase in Germany are attracting attention. The strength and abrasion resistance are remarkably enhanced by making nanostructured crystals and dispersing them. It may be most suitable to utilize amorphous and nanostructured metallic materials for earth-friendly materials having anticorrosion, and catalyst and biomaterial affinities, and also for magnetic materials. It is important for controlling micro-structures to clarify the formation mechanism of structures. For their processing techniques, the diversity and possibility are suggested, as to the condensation and solidification of gaseous and liquid phase metals, the molding and processing of very fine solid phase alloys, and the manufacturing members by heat treatment. 324 refs., 109 figs., 21 tabs.

  7. Benzotriazole and tolyltriazole as aquatic contaminants. 1. Input and occurrence in rivers and lakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giger, Walter; Schaffner, Christian; Kohler, Hans-Peter E

    2006-12-01

    The complexing agents benzotriazole (BT) and tolyltriazole (TT) are not only widely applied as anticorrosives, e.g., in aircraft deicer and anti-icer fluid (ADAF), but they are also used for so-called silver protection in dishwasher detergents. Due to their low biodegradability and limited sorption tendency, BT and TT are only partly removed in wastewater treatment. Residual concentrations of BT and TT were determined in ambient surface waters in Switzerland including 7 rivers which have distinct water flows and receive treated wastewater effluents at various dilution ratios. A maximum BT concentration of 6.3 microg/L was found in the Glatt River, and a maximum mass flow of 277 kg BT per week was observed in the Rhine River. In most cases, TT was about a factor 5-10 less abundant. During winter 2003/4, BT mass flows at 2 locations in the lower stretch of the Glatt River clearly indicated the input from nearby Zurich airport, where BT was applied as an anticorrosive ADAF component. BT concentrations measured in the three lakes Greifensee, Lake Zurich, and Lake Geneva were approximately 1.2, 0.1-0.4, and 0.2 microg/L, respectively. The observed environmental occurrences indicate that BT and TT are ubiquitous contaminants in the aquatic environment and that they belong to the most abundant individual water pollutants. PMID:17180965

  8. Application of artificial neural network and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system to investigate corrosion rate of zirconium-based nano-ceramic layer on galvanized steel in 3.5% NaCl solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mousavifard, S.M. [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Attar, M.M., E-mail: attar@aut.ac.ir [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghanbari, A. [Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dadgar, M. [Textile Engineering Department, Neyshabur University, Neyshabur (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-08-05

    Highlights: • Film formation of Zr-based conversion coating under different conditions was investigated. • We study the effect of some parameters on anticorrosion performance of conversion coating. • Optimization of processing conditions for surface treatment of galvanized steel was obtained. • Modeling and predicting corrosion current density of treated surfaces was performed using ANN and ANFIS. - Abstract: A nano-ceramic Zr-based conversion solution was prepared and optimization of Zr concentration, pH, temperature and immersion time for the treatment of hot-dip galvanized steel (HDG) was performed. SEM microscopy was utilized to investigate the microstructure and film formation of the layer and the anticorrosion performance of conversion coating was studied using polarization test. Artificial intelligence systems (ANN and ANFIS) were applied on the data obtained from polarization test and the models for predicting corrosion current density values were attained. The outcome of these models showed proper predictability of the methods. The influence of input parameters was discussed and the optimized conditions for Zr-based conversion layer formation on the galvanized steel were obtained as follows: pH 3.8–4.5, Zr concentration of about 100 ppm, ambient temperature and immersion time of about 90 s.

  9. Investigation of the Corrosion Behavior of Poly(Aniline-co-o-Anisidine)/ZnO Nanocomposite Coating on Low-Carbon Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobin, M.; Alam, R.; Aslam, J.

    2016-05-01

    A copolymer of aniline (AN) and o-anisidine (OA), Poly(AN-co-OA) and its nanocomposite with ZnO nanoparticles, Poly(AN-co-OA)/ZnO were synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization using ammonium persulfate as an oxidant in hydrochloric acid medium. The synthesized compounds were characterized using FTIR, XRD, SEM-EDS, TEM, and electrical conductivity techniques. The copolymer and nanocomposite were separately dissolved in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone and were casted on low-carbon steel specimens using 10% epoxy resin as a binder. The anticorrosive properties of the coatings were studied in different corrosive environments such as 0.1 M HCl, 5% NaCl solution, and distilled water at a temperature of 30 °C by conducting corrosion tests which include immersion test, open circuit potential measurements, potentiodynamic polarization measurements, and atmospheric exposure test. The surface morphology of the coatings prior to and after one-month immersion in corrosive solution was evaluated using SEM. It was observed that the nanocomposite coating exhibited higher corrosion resistance and provided better barrier properties in comparison with copolymer coating. The presence of ZnO nanoparticles improved the anticorrosion properties of copolymer coating in all corrosive media subjected to investigation.

  10. Electrochemical and In Vitro Behavior of Nanostructure Sol-Gel Coated 316L Stainless Steel Incorporated with Rosemary Extract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motalebi, Abolfazl; Nasr-Esfahani, Mojtaba

    2013-06-01

    The corrosion resistance of AISI 316L stainless steel for biomedical applications, was significantly enhanced by means of hybrid organic-inorganic sol-gel thin films deposited by spin-coating. Thin films of less than 100 nm with different hybrid characters were obtained by incorporating rosemary extract as green corrosion inhibitor. The morphology, composition, and adhesion of hybrid sol-gel coatings have been examined by SEM, EDX, and pull-off test, respectively. Addition of high additive concentrations (0.1%) did not disorganize the sol-gel network. Direct pull-off test recorded a mean coating-substrate bonding strength larger than 21.2 MPa for the hybrid sol-gel coating. The effect of rosemary extract, with various added concentrations from 0.012 to 0.1%, on the anticorrosion properties of sol-gel films have been characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization tests in simulated body fluid (SBF) solution and has been compared to the bare metal. Rosemary extract additions (0.05%) have significantly increased the corrosion protection of the sol-gel thin film to higher than 90%. The in vitro bioactivity of prepared films indicates that hydroxyapatite nuclei can form and grow on the surface of the doped sol-gel thin films. The present study shows that due to their excellent anticorrosion properties, bioactivity and bonding strength to substrate, doped sol-gel thin films are practical hybrid films in biomedical applications.

  11. Investigation of the Corrosion Behavior of Poly(Aniline-co-o-Anisidine)/ZnO Nanocomposite Coating on Low-Carbon Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobin, M.; Alam, R.; Aslam, J.

    2016-07-01

    A copolymer of aniline (AN) and o-anisidine (OA), Poly(AN-co-OA) and its nanocomposite with ZnO nanoparticles, Poly(AN-co-OA)/ZnO were synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization using ammonium persulfate as an oxidant in hydrochloric acid medium. The synthesized compounds were characterized using FTIR, XRD, SEM-EDS, TEM, and electrical conductivity techniques. The copolymer and nanocomposite were separately dissolved in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone and were casted on low-carbon steel specimens using 10% epoxy resin as a binder. The anticorrosive properties of the coatings were studied in different corrosive environments such as 0.1 M HCl, 5% NaCl solution, and distilled water at a temperature of 30 °C by conducting corrosion tests which include immersion test, open circuit potential measurements, potentiodynamic polarization measurements, and atmospheric exposure test. The surface morphology of the coatings prior to and after one-month immersion in corrosive solution was evaluated using SEM. It was observed that the nanocomposite coating exhibited higher corrosion resistance and provided better barrier properties in comparison with copolymer coating. The presence of ZnO nanoparticles improved the anticorrosion properties of copolymer coating in all corrosive media subjected to investigation.

  12. Applications of cathodic protection for the protection of aqueous and soil corrosion of power plant components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Power plant components exposed to environments such as water and soil are susceptible to severe corrosion. Many times the effect of corrosion in power plant components can be catastrophic. The problem is aggravated for underground pipelines due to additional factors such as large network of pipelines, proximity to earth mat, high voltage transmission lines, corrosive chemicals, inadequate approach etc. Other components such as condenser water boxes, internals of pipelines, clarifier bridge structures, cooling water inlet gates and pipes etc. which are in continuous contact with water, are subjected to severe corrosion. The nature and locations of all such components are at places which are not accessible for routine maintenance and hence they require long term reliable protection against corrosion. Experience has shown that anti-corrosive coatings are inadequate in preventing corrosion and due to their location regular maintenance coatings are also not feasible. Under such circumstances the applications of cathodic protection provides a long term solution the design of cathodic protection, for such applications differs from the commonly employed cathodic protection for cross-country pipelines and submerged structures due to other complexities in the plant region and maintenance of the applied system. The present paper intends to discuss the applications of cathodic protection with suitable anti-corrosive coatings for protection of various power plant components and the specific features of each type of application. (author)

  13. Preparation Technology and Performances of Zn-Cr Coating on Sintered NdFeB Permanent Magnet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Shengxue; Chen Ling

    2006-01-01

    Zn-Cr coating was prepared on the surface of sintered NdFeB permanent magnet samples and preparation parameters were established.The anticorrosive property of Zn-Cr coating on NdFeB was studied by whole-immersion test in NaCl solution and compared with that of zinc plating and nickel plating on NdFeB.Open-circuit potential and self-corrosion current of NdFeB samples with and without Zn-Cr coating were measured.The micro-morphology and composition of Zn-Cr coating were analyzed through SEM, XPS, EDS and XRD.The effect of Zn-Cr coating on magnetic property of NdFeB magnet was also investigated.It is exposed that Zn-Cr coating is anodic type coating for NdFeB magnet, and provided substrate electrochemical protection, barrier protection and passivation protection.The anticorrosion property of NdFeB magnet is obviously enhanced by Zn-Cr coating while the magnet property of NdFeB magnet changed little.

  14. Graphene/Epoxy Coating as Multifunctional Material for Aircraft Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tullio Monetta

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Recently, the use of graphene as a conductive nanofiller in the preparation of inorganic/polymer nanocomposites has attracted increasing interest in the aerospace field. The reason for this is the possibility of overcoming problems strictly connected to the aircraft structures, such as electrical conductivity and thus lightning strike protection. In addition, graphene is an ideal candidate to enhance the anti-corrosion properties of the resin, since it absorbs most of the light and provides hydrophobicity for repelling water. An important aspect of these multifunctional materials is that all these improvements can be realized even at very low filler loadings in the polymer matrix. In this work, graphene nanoflakes were incorporated into a water-based epoxy resin, and then the hybrid coating was applied to Al 2024-T3 samples. The addition of graphene considerably improved some physical properties of the hybrid coating as demonstrated by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS analysis, ameliorating anti-corrosion performances of raw material. DSC measurements and Cross-cut Test showed that graphene did not affect the curing process or the adhesion properties. Moreover, an increment of water contact angle was displayed.

  15. POLYETHERSULFONE COATING FOR MITIGATING CORROSION OF STEEL IN GEOTHERMAL ENVIRONMENT.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    SUGAMA, T.

    2005-06-01

    Emphasis was directed toward evaluating the usefulness of a polyethersulfone (PES)-dissolved N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) solvent precursor as a low-temperature film-forming anti-corrosion coating for carbon steel in simulated geothermal environments at brine temperatures up to 300 C. A {approx} 75 {micro}m thick PES coating performed well in protecting the steel against corrosion in brine at 200 C. However, at {>=} 250 C, the PES underwent severe hydrothermal oxidation that caused the cleavage of sulfone- and ether-linkages, and the opening of phenyl rings. These, in turn, led to sulfone {yields} benzosulfonic acid and ether {yields} benzophenol-type oxidation derivative transformations, and the formation of carbonyl-attached open rings, thereby resulting in the incorporation of the functional groups, hydroxyl and carbonyl, into the coating. The presence of these functional groups raised concerns about the diminutions in water-shedding and water-repellent properties that are important properties of the anti-corrosion coatings; such changes were reflected in an enhancement of the magnitude of susceptibility of the coatings surfaces to moisture. Consequently, the disintegration of the PES structure by hydrothermal oxidation was detrimental to the maximum efficacy of the coating in protecting the steel against corrosion, allowing the corrosive electrolytes to infiltrate easily through it.

  16. Facile fabrication of iron-based superhydrophobic surfaces via electric corrosion without bath

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Qinghe; Liu, Hongtao; Chen, Tianchi; Wei, Yan; Wei, Zhu

    2016-04-01

    Superhydrophobic surface is of wide application in the field of catalysis, lubrication, waterproof, biomedical materials, etc. The superhydrophobic surface based on hard metal is worth further study due to its advantages of high strength and wear resistance. This paper investigates the fabrication techniques towards superhydrophobic surface on carbon steel substrate via electric corrosion and studies the properties of as-prepared superhydrophobic surface. The hydrophobic properties were characterized by a water sliding angle (SA) and a water contact angle (CA) measured by the Surface tension instrument. A Scanning electron microscope was used to analyze the structure of the corrosion surface. The surface compositions were characterized by an Energy Dispersive Spectrum. The Electrochemical workstation was used to measure its anti-corrosion property. The anti-icing performance was characterized by a steam-freezing test in Environmental testing chamber. The SiC sandpaper and 500 g weight were used to test the friction property. The research result shows that the superhydrophobic surface can be successfully fabricated by electrocorrosion on carbon steel substrate under appropriate process; the contact angle of the as-prepared superhydrophobic surface can be up to 152 ± 0.5°, and the sliding angle is 1-2°; its anti-corrosion property, anti-icing performance and the friction property all show an excellent level. This method provides the possibility of industrialization of superhydrophobic surface based on iron substrate as it can prepare massive superhydrophobic surface quickly.

  17. Direct growth of cerium oxide nanorods on diverse substrates for superhydrophobicity and corrosion resistance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Young Jun; Jang, Hanmin; Lee, Kwan-Soo [School of Mechanical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dong Rip, E-mail: dongrip@hanyang.ac.kr [School of Mechanical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Nano Science and Technology, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Cerium oxide nanorods were uniformly grown on diverse substrates. • Changes in growth conditions led to morphology evolution of cerium oxide nanostructures. • The grown cerium oxide nanostructures were single or poly crystalline. • Direct growth of cerium oxide nanorods made the diverse substrates superhydrophobic and anti-corrosive without any surface modifiers. - Abstract: Superhydrophobic surfaces with anti-corrosion properties have attracted great interest in many industrial fields, particularly to enhance the thermal performance of offshore applications such as heat exchangers, pipelines, power plants, and platform structures. Nanostructures with hydrophobic materials have been widely utilized to realize superhydrophobicity of surfaces, and cerium oxide has been highlighted due to its good corrosion resistive and intrinsically hydrophobic properties. However, few studies of direct growth of cerium oxide nanostructures on diverse substrates have been reported. Herein we report a facile hydrothermal method to directly grow cerium oxide nanorods on diverse substrates, such as aluminum alloy, stainless steel, titanium, and silicon. Diverse substrates with cerium oxide nanorods exhibited superhydrophobicity with no hydrophobic modifiers on their surfaces, and showed good corrosion resistive properties in corrosive medium. We believe our method could pave the way for realization of scalable and sustainable corrosion resistive superhydrophobic surfaces in many industrial fields.

  18. Theoretical and Experimental Study of Bimetal-Pipe Hydroforming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezhi, Zeng; Kuanhai, Deng; Taihe, Shi; Yuanhua, Lin; Hongjun, Zhu; Tianlei, Li; Yongxing, Sun

    2014-12-01

    The corrosion of oil country tubular goods (OCTG) gets more and more serious especially in the acidic environment. So, it is very important to develop a perfect anticorrosion technology for exploring sour oil and gas fields economically and safely. Analysis indicates that the bimetal-pipe (BP) which consists of the base layer of low carbon steel and a corrosion resistant alloy (CRA) cladding layer is an economic and reliable anticorrosion technology and has broad application prospects in the transportation of acid medium. However, theoretical study of hydraulic expansion mechanism for BP is not enough. In this paper, the deformation compatibility condition of BP was obtained by studying the deformation rule of the (CRA) liner and the outer pipe of carbon steel in the forming process; the mechanical model which can compute the hydroforming pressure of BP has been established based on the nonlinear kinematic hardening characteristics of material; furthermore, based on the stress strain curve of inner pipe simultaneously, the calculation method of the plastic hardening stress has been proposed. Thus, the accurate method for computing the forming pressure was obtained. The experimental data show that results are consistent with results of the proposed model. It indicates that the model can be used to provide theoretical guidance for the design and production as well as use of BP. PMID:25349461

  19. Development of Novel Corrosion Techniques for a Green Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaki Ahmad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The synergistic effect of air pollution, brown clouds and greenhouse gasses is deleterious to human health and industrial products. The use of toxic inhibitors, chemicals in water treatment plants, and anti-fouling agents in desalination plants has contributed to the greenhouse effect. Conventional anti-corrosion techniques such as paints, coatings, inhibitor treatments, and cathodic protection paid no regard to greenhouse effect. Work on eco-friendly anti-corrosion techniques is scanty and largely proprietary. The use of nano-TiO2 particles introduced in alkyds and polyurethane-based coatings showed a higher corrosion resistance compared to conventional TiO2 coatings with significant photocatalytic activity to kill bacteria. The use of UV radiations for photo-inhibition of stainless steel in chloride solution can replace toxic inhibitors. Corrosion inhibition has also been achieved by using natural materials such as polymers instead of toxic chemical inhibitors, without adverse environmental impact. TiO2 films exposed to UV radiation have shown the capability to protect the steel without sacrificing the film. Self-healing materials with encapsulated nanoparticles in paints and coatings have shown to heal the defects caused by corrosion. These innovative techniques provide a direction to the corrosion scientists, engineers, and environmentalists who are concerned about the increasing contamination of the planet and maintaining a green environment.

  20. Studies on the Inhibitive Effect of Datura Stramonium Extract on the Acid Corrosion of Mild Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raja, Pandian Bothi; Sethuraman, Mathur Gopalakrishnan

    The extract of Datura stramonium has been studied as a possible source of green inhibitor for corrosion of mild steel (MS) in HCl and H2SO4 media at different temperatures. The anticorrosion effect was evaluated by conventional weight loss studies, electrochemical studies viz., Tafel polarization, ac impedance, and SEM studies. The studies reveal that the plant extract acts as a good inhibitor in both the acid media and better in H2SO4 medium. Tafel polarization method indicate that the plant extract behaves as a mixed mode inhibitor. Double layer capacitance and charge transfer resistance values derived from Nyquist plots obtained from ac impedance studies give supporting evidence for the anticorrosive effect. The inhibitive effect may be attributed to the adsorption of the inhibitor on the surface of MS, following Temkin adsorption isotherm. Increase of inhibition efficiency with increase of temperature along with Ea values serve as a proof for chemisorption. SEM studies provide the confirmatory evidence for the protection of MS by the green inhibitor. The study reveals the potential of D. stramonium for combating corrosion which may be due to the adsorption of alkaloids and other phytoconstituents.

  1. Material selection for final storage of spent fuel in a salt repository - the Pollux Cask System as an example

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the framework of the development of containers for the final disposal of radioactive waste in salt deposits DWK conceived the Pollux Cask System. This cask system is highly flexible in so far as it is capable of bearing extremely different types of waste such as integral fuel elements, consolidated rods, HTR-pebble elements, consolidated structure materials, solidified high active waste etc. The Pollux cask system is characterized by an anticorrosive coating of Hastelloy C4 which is applied to by surface welding. With regard to its long term behaviour comprehensive corrosion tests on Hastelloy C4 were performed in Q-brain. This report presents a survey on results of these corrosion tests; especially recent results of long term integral tests (lasting about two years) on two cask models will be reported about. Moreover investigations on surface corrosion and local corrosion in dependence of the temperature will be reported about in order to demonstrate the limits of application of the anti-corrosive coating. (author)

  2. Fabrication of lotus-leaf-like superhydrophobic surfaces via Ni-based nano-composite electro-brush plating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Hongtao, E-mail: liuht100@126.com; Wang, Xuemei; Ji, Hongmin

    2014-01-01

    Superhydrophobic surface has become a research hot topic in recent years due to its excellent performance and wide application prospect. This paper investigates the method to fabricate superhydrophobic surface on carbon steel substrate via two-layer nano-composite electro-brush plating and subsequent surface modification with low free energy materials. The hydrophobic properties of as-prepared coatings were characterized by a water sliding angle (SA) and a water contact angle (CA) measured by the Surface tension instrument. A Scanning electron microscope was used to analyze the surface structure of plating coatings. Anti-corrosion performance of the superhydrophobic coating was characterized by a potentiodynamic polarization curve measured by the Electrochemical workstation. The research result shows that: the superhydrophobic structure can be successfully prepared by plating nano-C/Ni and nano-Cu/Ni two-layer coating on carbon steel substrate under appropriate technology and has similarity with lotus-leaf-like micro/nano composite structure; the contact angle of the as-prepared superhydrophobic coating can be up to 155.5°, the sliding angle is 5°; the coating has better anti-corrosion performance compared with substrate.

  3. 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole doped chitosan/11-alkanethiolate acid composite coating: Dual function for copper protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Qi; Zhang, Dun; Wan, Yi

    2011-10-01

    Chitosan (CS) hydrogel loaded with the well-known corrosion inhibitor 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) has been introduced into a composite coating to improve copper protection. This composite coating, which has both anticorrosion and antibacterial properties, was fabricated onto the surface of copper by combining a simple self-assembled monolayer technique with a sol-gel method. The anti-corrosion ability of the coating in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution was investigated by electrochemical methods including potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The protection efficiency of the coating is 97.70%, calculated on the basis of the corrosion current density. The stability and integrity of the composite coating were evaluated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). The FESEM and EDS results suggest that the composite coating endows the copper substrate with antibacterial properties, as untreated bare copper underwent microbiologically influenced corrosion in the presence of sulphate reducing bacteria (SRB). This antibacterial feature was further confirmed by the SRB culture method. In a 3.5% NaCl solution and highly corrosive SRB culture media, the as-prepared CS based composite coating gave corrosion protection by exhibiting better barrier effects against the attack of aggressive environments.

  4. Influences of Al particles on the microstructure and property of electrodeposited Ni-Al composite coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Fei; Jiang, Chuanhai

    2014-02-01

    Ni-Al composite coatings with different contents of Al microparticles were prepared from a conventional Watt bath. The influences of Al particle loadings in the bath on the surface morphology, composition, texture, grain size, microstrain, residual stress and anti-corrosion of the Ni-Al composite coating were investigated. The friction coefficients of the coatings at 200 °C were also evaluated by a pin-on-disctribometer. The results showed that the surface morphology of the coatings changed from pyramid + colonied structure to colonied structure with increasing Al particle loadings. The (2 0 0) preferred orientation for pure Ni coating evolved to random orientation with increasing Al particle loadings. The grain size obtained the minimum value of 72.28 nm at Al particle loading of 100 g/L and the microstrain of the coating increased with increasing the Al particle loadings. The incorporation of Al particles decreased the residual stress of the electro-deposited coating and all the coatings deposited at different Al particle loadings possessed low residual stress. As the Al particle loading increased, the anti-corrosion of the Ni-Al coatings increased owing to the combined effect of increasing Al content in the coatings and the texture evolution from (2 0 0) plane to (1 1 1) plane. The wear result suggested that the increasing Al particle content did not improve the wear performance of the Ni-Al composite coatings.

  5. Fabrication of a nanocrystalline Ni-Co/CoO functionally graded layer with excellent electrochemical corrosion and tribological performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liping; Zhang, Junyan; Zeng, Zhixiang; Lin, Yiming; Hu, Litian; Xue, Qunji

    2006-09-28

    Nanocrystalline (NC) Ni-Co/CoO functionally graded materials with excellent lubricating, high anti-corrosion and anti-wear performance were fabricated by electrodeposition and subsequent cyclic thermal oxidation and quenching. Transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy investigations show that bulk Ni-Co gradient deposits with an average grain size in the range of 13-40 nm demonstrated a graded structure transition from face-centred cubic to hexagonal close packed and graded composition changes from Ni-rich to Co-rich regions with the increase in deposit thickness. X-ray diffraction and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis indicated the surface layer of NC Ni-Co graded materials to be mainly composed of dense and ultrafine CoO with a (111) preferred orientation. The NC Ni-Co/CoO functionally graded materials exhibited significantly enhanced corrosion resistance in both NaOH and NaCl solutions and remarkably improved wear resistance and dry self-lubricating performance when compared with the NC Ni and Ni-Co graded deposits under dry sliding wear conditions. The higher corrosion and tribological performance of NC Ni-Co/CoO graded materials can be attributed to the graded microstructure within the deposits, the anti-corrosion barrier of a dense oxide layer and the solid lubrication effect of CoO-rich tribo-surface films. PMID:21727585

  6. Study on the deterioration process of bipolar coating using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Xiaomei; Zhou, Qiong; Zhang, Qingyi; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Hong

    2011-05-01

    A bipolar coating, which is composed of inner layer epoxy with nano SiO 2 modified by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) (containing positive fixed charge) and outer layer epoxy with nano SiO 2 modified by sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS) (containing negative charge), was prepared in this paper. Its deterioration process after exposure to 5% KCl solution was also studied by EIS measurement and SEM observation. The results indicate that the impedance module of the bipolar coating is about 1E+9 ohm after a longer time immersion period. The bipolar coating has a better anti-corrosion capacity than that of epoxy coating. The cation-selective outer layer in bipolar coating inhibits the aggressive anion, such as Cl - ion, passing through the outer coating. Similarly, the anion-selective inner layer inhibits the metal cation passing through the inner coating. Thus the bipolar coating can protect the metal substrate from corrosion effectively. The p-n junction of bipolar coating, which has great charge storage ability, is the key factor in the anti-corrosion capacity of bipolar coating.

  7. The superior cycling performance of the hydrothermal synthesized carbon-coated ZnO as anode material for zinc-nickel secondary cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Zhaobin; Yang, Zhanhong; Huang, Jianhang; Xie, Xiaoe; Zhang, Zheng

    2015-02-01

    Carbon-coated ZnO is synthesized by the hydrothermal method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) tests indicate that carbon is uniformly coated on the surface of the ZnO particle. And the crystal form of ZnO isn't changed. The effects of carbon layer on the electrochemical performances of ZnO have also been investigated by the charge/discharge cycling test, cyclic voltammetry (CV), Tafel polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscope (EIS) tests. The CV curves at different scan rates exhibit that carbon-coated ZnO has the superior reversibility at high scan rate. The charge/discharge cycling tests under different charge/discharge rates show, even if at high-rate, the cycling performance and specific discharge capacity of carbon-coated ZnO are also superior to that of bare ZnO. The Tafel polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscope (EIS) verify that the carbon layer can improve the anti-corrosion and charge-transfer performances of ZnO. The different rate experiments indicate that, compared with the increase of the conductivity, the effect of carbon layer on improving the anti-corrosion performance of ZnO plays a more dominating role in improving the electrochemical performances of ZnO at low charge/discharge rate.

  8. Zn(Ta1-xNbx2O6 nanomaterials: Synthesis, characterization and corrosion behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birdeanu Mihaela

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Zn(Ta1-xNbx2O6 pseudo-binary oxide nanocrystalline materials (where x = 1; 0.5; 0.1; 0.05 and 0 were obtained through the solid-state method and characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. In addition, their morphology and topography have been determined by field emission-scanning electron microscopy (SEM and atomic force microscopy (AFM. There is a significant dependence between the rugosity and the uniformity of crystals. The evenly crystals organized in multilayers have the lowest value of rugosity and the non uniform fractal type architectures have the highest value of rugosity. The compounds’ anti-corrosion features were evaluated after deposition on carbon steel (OL in 0.1 M Na2SO4 media by open circuit potential measurement and potentiodynamic polarization technique with Tafel representation. The inhibition efficiency of pseudo-binary oxides deposited on carbon steel electrode was in the range 42.3-52.7 % promising for their further multiple layer deposition with porphyrins in order to improve anticorrosion properties. Due to the high band gap (3.80 - 4.30 eV provided by increasing the tantalum content, four of these pseudo-binary oxides might find applications in photovoltaic cells.

  9. Microwave synthesized magnetic tubular carbon nanocomposite fabrics toward electrochemical energy storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Jiahua; Chen, Minjiao; Yerra, Narendranath; Haldolaarachchige, Neel; Pallavkar, Sameer; Luo, Zhiping; Ho, Thomas C.; Hopper, Jack; Young, David P.; Wei, Suying; Guo, Zhanhu

    2013-02-01

    Contrary to the helical carbon structure from pure cotton fabrics under microwave heating and radical oxidized ignition of nanoparticles from conventional heating, magnetic carbon tubular nanocomposite fabrics decorated with uniformly dispersed Co-Co3O4 nanoparticles were successfully synthesized via a microwave heating process using cotton fabric and inorganic salt as precursors, which have shown better anti-corrosive performance and demonstrated great potential as novel electrochemical pseudocapacitor electrode.Contrary to the helical carbon structure from pure cotton fabrics under microwave heating and radical oxidized ignition of nanoparticles from conventional heating, magnetic carbon tubular nanocomposite fabrics decorated with uniformly dispersed Co-Co3O4 nanoparticles were successfully synthesized via a microwave heating process using cotton fabric and inorganic salt as precursors, which have shown better anti-corrosive performance and demonstrated great potential as novel electrochemical pseudocapacitor electrode. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Detailed experimental synthesis and materials characterizations including FT-IR, SEM, XRD, Raman spectra, electrochemical characterization, and magnetic properties. See DOI: 10.1039/c2nr33464j

  10. 铁表面植酸钠自组装层缓蚀性能的电化学研究%Inhibition of iron surface with Na-salt of phytic acid self-assembled monolayers from corrosion:observed by electrochemistry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万琉方; 王芳; 郭玉辉; 陈慧文; 金溟南; 杨海峰

    2011-01-01

    将环境友好缓蚀剂植酸钠组装到铁基电极表面,运用电化学极化曲线方法,考察了不同组装液浓度、组装时间及次数形成的植酸钠层对铁基电极表面缓蚀性能的影响.实验结果表明:铁电极在10-2 mol·L-1和10-3 mol·L-1植酸钠溶液中分别组装数分钟,再经10-6mol·L-1植酸钠溶液组装7h,获得的植酸钠层对铁的缓蚀性能最佳.利用交流阻抗技术探究了最佳组装条件下形成的植酸钠层对铁电极表面的缓蚀机理,等效电路为R(QR)(QR).同时借鉴拉曼光谱进一步解释其缓蚀机理和组装方式.%Na-salt of phytic acid as an environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitor was self-assembled onto the surface of iron-based electrode. Effects of different assembly concentrations,including assembly time and assembly steps of Na-salt of phytic acid at iron-based electrode surface on anti-corrosion performance were evaluated by electrochemical polarization method. Experimental results revealed that the iron-based electrode with Na-salt of phytic acid monolayers formed by respective assemblies in 10- mol · L-1 and 10-3mol · L-1 Na-salt of phytic acid solutions for several minutes and then in l0-6mol · L-1 Na-salt of phytic acid solution for 7 hours exhibited the best anti-corrosive performance. AC impedance results demonstrated that the mechanism of Na-salt of phytic acid monolayers on iron-based electrode with the best anti-corrosive performance was consistent with the equivalent mode of R (QR) (QR) .which was further confirmed by Raman mapping.

  11. A Study on Salt Attack Protection of Structural and Finishing Materials in Power Plant Structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, W.B.; Kweon, K.J.; Suh, Y.P.; Nah, H.S.; Lee, K.J.; Park, D.S.; Jo, Y.K. [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Taejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-12-31

    This is a final report written by both KEPRI and KICT as a co-operative research titled {sup A} study on Salt Protection of Structural and Finishings in Power Plant Structures{sup .} This study presented the methods to prevent the chloride-induced corrosion of power plant structures through collection and analysis of research datum relating to design, construction and maintenance for the prevention of structural and finishing materials, thru material performance tests for anti-corrosion under many kinds of chloride-induced corrosion environments. As a result, this study proposed the guidelines for design, construction and maintenance of power plant structures due to chloride-induced corrosion. (author). 257 refs., 111 figs., 86 tabs.

  12. Electrophoretic deposition and electrochemical behavior of novel graphene oxide-hyaluronic acid-hydroxyapatite nanocomposite coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ming; Liu, Qian; Jia, Zhaojun; Xu, Xuchen; Shi, Yuying; Cheng, Yan; Zheng, Yufeng; Xi, Tingfei; Wei, Shicheng

    2013-11-01

    Novel ternary graphene oxide-hyaluronic acid-hydroxyapatite (GO-HY-HA) nanocomposite coatings were prepared on Ti substrate using anodic electrophoretic deposition (EPD). Hyaluronic acid was employed as charging additive and dispersion agent during EPD. The kinetics and mechanism of the deposition, and the microstructure of the coated samples were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectrum, thermo-gravimetric analysis, and microscopic Fourier transform infrared analysis. The results showed that the addition of GO sheets into the HY-HA suspensions could increase the deposition rate and inhibit cracks creation and propagation in the coatings. The corrosion resistant of the resulting samples were evaluated using potentiodynamic polarization method in simulated body fluid, and the GO-HY-HA coatings could effectively improve the anti-corrosion property of the Ti substrate.

  13. Application of Potassium Cinnamon in the Soft Drinks%肉桂酸钾在软饮料中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春发; 徐峥嵘

    2012-01-01

    在分析软饮料中使用防腐剂存在问题的基础上,从广谱性和安全实用性2方面介绍了肉桂酸钾的性能特点,阐述了肉桂酸钾在软饮料中的防腐机理,并对肉桂酸钾应用于软饮料防腐剂的研究方向进行了展望。%Based on analyzing the existing problems of preservatives in the soft drinks, the performance characteristics of potassium cinnamate were introduced from the aspects of wide-adaptability and safety applicability. The anticorrosion mechanism of potassium cinnamate in soft drinks was described. Then, the research direction of potassium cinnamate aplied in soft drinks was prospected.

  14. Optically Transparent, Mechanically Durable, Nanostructured Superhydrophobic Surfaces Enabled by Spinodally Phase-Separated Glass Thin Films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aytug, Tolga [ORNL; Christen, David K [ORNL; Hillesheim, Daniel A [ORNL; Hunter, Scott Robert [ORNL; Ivanov, Ilia N [ORNL; Jellison Jr, Gerald Earle [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Trejo, Rosa M [ORNL; Winters, Kyle O. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Haynes, James A [ORNL; Simpson, John T [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    Inspired by highly non-wetting natural biological surfaces (e.g., lotus leaves and water strider legs), artificial superhydrophobic surfaces that exhibit water droplet contact angles exceeding 150o have previously been constructed by utilizing various synthesis strategies.[ , , ] Such bio-inspired, water-repellent surfaces offer significant potential for numerous uses ranging from marine applications (e.g., anti-biofouling, anti-corrosion), anti-condensation (e.g., anti-icing, anti-fogging), membranes for selective separation (e.g., oil-water, gas-liquid), microfluidic systems, surfaces requiring reduced maintenance and cleaning, to applications involving glasses and optical materials.[ ] In addition to superhydrophobic attributes, for integration into device systems that have extended operational limits and overall improved performance, surfaces that also possess multifunctional characteristics are desired, where the functionality should match to the application-specific requirements.

  15. Electrophoretic deposition and electrochemical behavior of novel graphene oxide-hyaluronic acid-hydroxyapatite nanocomposite coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Novel ternary graphene oxide-hyaluronic acid-hydroxyapatite (GO-HY-HA) nanocomposite coatings were prepared on Ti substrate using anodic electrophoretic deposition (EPD). Hyaluronic acid was employed as charging additive and dispersion agent during EPD. The kinetics and mechanism of the deposition, and the microstructure of the coated samples were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectrum, thermo-gravimetric analysis, and microscopic Fourier transform infrared analysis. The results showed that the addition of GO sheets into the HY-HA suspensions could increase the deposition rate and inhibit cracks creation and propagation in the coatings. The corrosion resistant of the resulting samples were evaluated using potentiodynamic polarization method in simulated body fluid, and the GO-HY-HA coatings could effectively improve the anti-corrosion property of the Ti substrate

  16. Development of inorganic and organic hybrid nanocoating based on carbon nanotubes for corrosion resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, T H; Bagkar, Nitin C; Jung, Y S; Chun, H H; Shin, S C; Cho, H; Kim, J K; Kim, T G

    2014-10-01

    In this study, we report the synthesis and characterization of novel hybrid nanocoating based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on anodized aluminum surfaces (AAO). The hybrid nanocoating was deposited by number of methods which include spray coating, spin coating and dip coating. The bonding of nanocoating with metal surface is an important parameter for successful modification of the metal surfaces. The improved adhesion of nanocoating on metal surfaces could be attributed to chemical bonding of sol-gel nanocoating with anodized surfaces. The nanocoated anodized aluminum surfaces showed superior adhesion and excellent anticorrosive properties. The nanocoated panels showed enhanced galvanic protection comparable to 80% of titanium metal as determined by galvanic corrosion measurements. It also showed higher thermal conductivities than stainless steel and bare anodized surfaces. PMID:25942874

  17. Effect of B-Mo-W Complex Inhibitor on Corrosion of Mild Steel in 55% LiBr Solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jielan; Liang, Chenghao; Huang, Naibao

    2015-11-01

    The inhibition effects of B-Mo-W complex inhibitor on corrosion of mild steel in 55% LiBr solution were investigated using weight-loss method, electrochemistry tests, SEM, EDX, and XRD. The ingredients of B-Mo-W complex inhibitor included organic phosphonic acid B, Na2MoO4, and Na2WO4. The results revealed that B-Mo-W complex inhibitor was capable of inhibiting the corrosion of mild steel in 55% LiBr solution, exhibiting high inhibition efficiencies around 97.7%. B-Mo-W complex inhibitor promoted the formation of a protective passive film composed of Fe, Mo, W, and O elements. The passive film decreased the corrosion rate, improved the electrochemistry performance, and enhanced anti-corrosion ability of mild steel.

  18. Synthesis and characterization of fly ash-zinc oxide nanocomposite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunal Yeole

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Fly ash, generated in thermal power plants, is recognized as an environmental pollutant. Thus, measures are required to be undertaken to dispose it in an environmentally friendly method. In this paper an attempt is made to coat zinc oxide nano-particles on the surface of fly ash by a simple and environmentally friendly facile chemical method, at room temperature. Zinc oxide may serve as effective corrosion inhibitor by providing sacrificial protection. Concentration of fly ash was varied as 5, 10 and 15 (w/w % of zinc oxide. It was found that crystallinity increased, whereas particle size, specific gravity and oil absorption value decreased with increased concentration of fly ash in zinc oxide, which is attributed to the uniform distribution of zinc oxide on the surface of fly ash. These nanocomposites can potentially be used in commercial applications as additive for anticorrosion coatings.

  19. Nitriding treatment of reduced activation ferritic steel as functional layer for liquid breeder blanket

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of functional layers such as a tritium permeation barrier and an anti-corrosion layer is the essential technology for the development of a molten salt type self cooled fusion blanket. In the present study, the characteristics of a nitriding treatment on a reduced activation ferritic steel, JLF-1 (Fe-9Cr-2W-0.1C) as the functional layer were investigated. The steel surface was nitrided by an ion nitriding treatment or a radical nitriding treatment. The nitridation characteristic of the steel surface was made clear based on the thermodynamic stability. The thermal diffusivity, the hydrogen permeability and the chemical stability in the molten salt Flinak were investigated. The results indicated that the nitriding treatment can improve the compatibility in the Flinak without the decrease of the thermal diffusivity, though there was little improvement as the hydrogen permeation barrier. (author)

  20. 某600 MW机组烟煤锅炉低N0x改造及效果分析%Low NOx Retrofit for Certain 600 MW Bituminous Coal Boiler and Performance Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁鹏飞

    2013-01-01

    The retrofit effect of certain 600 MW bituminous coal boiler indicates that low NOx combustion technology can reduce the NOx production to 70%, but there are some problems, such as combustion economy and large spray water. Strong reduction atmosphere of burner zone may cause high temperature corrosion on water wall. Therefore, it is suggested to spray some anticorrosive material for prevention.%对某600 MW机组烟煤锅炉进行低NOx改造,改造后锅炉总体性能良好,NOx减排达到70%.但改造对锅炉燃烧经济性、减温水量产生负面影响,同时主燃烧器区形成的强还原性气氛还可能对水冷壁造成高温腐蚀,必须采取喷涂等防腐手段加以预防.

  1. Controlling the release of active compounds from the inorganic carrier halloysite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Halloysite (HNTs), a natural material characterized by a nanotube structure, has been used as an inorganic carrier of active compounds in several applications from medicine to anticorrosion coatings. In this present work, vanillin (VAN) used as a antimicrobial model, has been encapsulated within HNTs for exploiting its applicability in the active food packaging sector. The molecule release rate has been controlled by crosslinking at the tube ends the loaded vanillin with copper ions, thus producing a stopper network. The vanillin-loaded HNTs were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermo gravimetric analysis. The antimicrobial release kinetics from the loaded nanoparticles (VAN/HNTs) in water was investigated using UV-vis spectroscopy. The results show that the vanillin crosslinked with cupper ions is a feasible method to tailor the release rate of antimicrobial model from HTNs nanoparticles

  2. Fabrication, Modification, and Emerging Applications of TiO2 Nanotube Arrays by Electrochemical Synthesis: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-Ying Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Titania nanotube arrays (TNAs as a hot nanomaterial have a unique highly ordered array structure and good mechanical and chemical stability, as well as excellent anticorrosion, biocompatible, and photocatalytic performance. It has been fabricated by a facile electrochemical anodization in electrolytes containing small amounts of fluoric ions. In combination with our research work, we review the recent progress of the new research achievements of TNAs on the preparation processes, forming mechanism, and modification. In addition, we will review the potential and significant applications in the photocatalytic degradation of pollutants, solar cells, water splitting, and other aspects. Finally, the existing problems and further prospects of this renascent and rapidly developing field are also briefly addressed and discussed.

  3. Corrosion resistance, composition and structure of RE chemical conversion coating on magnesium alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Golden yellow rare earths chemical conversion coating was obtained on the surface of magnesium alloy by immersing in cerium sulfate solution.The corrosion resistance of RE conversion coating was evaluated using immersion test and potentiodynamic polarization measurements in 3.5%NaCl solution.The morphologies of samples before corrosion and after corrosion were observed by SEM.The structures and compositions of the RE conversion coating were studied by means of XPS.XRD and IR.The results show that,the conversion coating consists of mainly two kinds of element Ce and O,the valences of cerium are+3 and+4.and OH exists in the coating.The anti-corrosion property of magnesium alloy is increased obviously by rare earths conversion coating,Its self-corrosion current density decreases and the coating has self-repairing capability in the corrosion process in 3.5%NaCl solution.

  4. In vitro study of polycaprolactone/bioactive glass composite coatings on corrosion and bioactivity of pure Mg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yuyun; Michalczyk, Carolin; Singer, Ferdinand; Virtanen, Sannakaisa; Boccaccini, Aldo R.

    2015-11-01

    The influence of the addition of nano-scaled bioactive glass (nBG) powder into polycaprolactone (PCL) coatings on the biodegradation and bioactivity of pure Mg was investigated in the present work. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electrochemical methods were employed to characterize the morphology, chemical composition and anticorrosion properties of the coatings. The results indicate that nBG addition in PCL increases the degradation of PCL in physiological solution; depending on the amount of nBG in the composite coating, the barrier properties of PCL therefore can be modified. At the same time, the addition of nBG facilitates the formation of hydroxyapatite during 7 days immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF).

  5. Cerium oxide as conversion coating for the corrosion protection of aluminum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JELENA GULICOVSKI

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available CeO2 coatings were formed on the aluminum after Al surface preparation, by dripping the ceria sol, previously prepared by forced hydrolysis of Ce(NO34. The anticorrosive properties of ceria coatings were investigated by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS during the exposure to 0.03 % NaCl. The morphology of the coatings was examined by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM. EIS data indicated considerably larger corrosion resistance of CeO2-coated aluminum than for bare Al. The corrosion processes on Al below CeO2 coating are subjected to more pronounced diffusion limitations in comparison to the processes below passive aluminum oxide film, as the consequence of the formation of highly compact protective coating. The results show that the deposition of ceria coatings is an effective way to improve corrosion resistance for aluminum.

  6. Effect of Synthesizing Temperature on Microstructure and Electrochemical Property of the Hydrothermal Conversion Coating on Mg-2Zn-0.5Mn-Ca-Ce Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guanghui Guo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Mg(OH2 conversion coatings were formed on an Mg-2Zn-0.5Mn-Ca-Ce alloy via hydrothermal method at three different synthesizing temperatures (160, 170 and 180 °C. The effect of synthesizing temperature on microstructure and electrochemical property of the coatings were systematically studied. With increasing synthesizing temperature, the coating became thicker due to the faster reaction and deposition of Mg(OH2 on the α-Mg phase and secondary phases of the substrate Mg alloy. Internal micro-cracks were also generated in the higher-temperature synthesized coatings due to the increased shrinking stress, but the cross-cutting micro-cracks were suppressed. Benefiting from the improved barrier effect against penetration of corrosive medium, the higher-temperature synthesized thicker coating presented significantly enhanced electrochemical property and anti-corrosion efficiency in Hanks’ solution.

  7. An Investigation on Corrosion Behavior of a Multi-layer Modified Aluminum Brazing Sheet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Wei

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The corrosion behavior of a multi-layer modified aluminum brazing sheet (AA4045/3003Mod./AA7072/AA4045 was investigated. The results shows that, the existence of BDP, which forms at the interface between clad and core layer during brazing, changes the corrosion form of the air side of the material from inter-granular corrosion to local exfoliation corrosion. The addition of anti-corrosion layer makes the corrosion form of the water side from inter-granular corrosion into uniform exfoliation corrosion. Compared to the normal triple-layer brazing sheet at the same thickness, the time to perforation of the modified four-layer brazing sheet is increased by more than 200%.

  8. Sol-gel hybrid films based on organosilane and montmorillonite for corrosion inhibition of AA2024.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalmoro, V; dos Santos, J H Z; Armelin, E; Alemán, C; Azambuja, D S

    2014-07-15

    The present work reports the production of films on AA2024-T3 composed of vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTMS)/tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) with incorporation of montmorillonite (sodium montmorillonite and montmorillonite modified with quaternary ammonium salt, abbreviated Na and 30B, respectively), generated by the sol-gel process. According to FT-IR analyses the incorporation of montmorillonite does not affect silica network. Electrochemical characterization was performed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurement in 0.05 mol L(-1) NaCl solution. Results indicate that montmorillonite incorporation improves the corrosion protection compared to the non-modified system. Scanning electron microscopy micrographs reveal that high concentrations of montmorillonite provide agglomerations on the metallic surface, which is in detriment of the anticorrosive performance. The VTMS/TEOS/30B films with the lowest concentration (22 mg L(-1)) of embedded clay provide the highest corrosion protection. PMID:24863798

  9. METHODS TO IMPROVE THE PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF DURABILITY OF CONCRETE, MORTARS AND CONCRETE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Kovalenko

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The methods of increasing the physicо-mechanical, technological properties and durability of concrete, mortars and reinforced concrete are presented in the paper. The influence of basic plasticizers, dispersed and complex additions on the operation properties of concretes and mortars is considered. The suggested ways of increasing necessary technological and physicо-mechanical properties for achievement of the best effectiveness lead to the necessity of using – in any case of goal-seeking influence – the complex chemical and dispersed additions. The developed ways of increasing the reinforced concrete durability include the complex of measures checking anticorrosion activities of additions for concretes with respect to steel reinforcement, the use of surface coatings of reinforced concrete with special chemical additions, as well as during production of reinforcement rolled metal the use of special regimes of high-temperature thermomechanical treatment under intercellular cooling of metal and after-rolling regulation cooling in the stream of rolling mill.

  10. Electrosynthesis and analytical characterization of PMMA coatings on titanium substrates as barriers against ion release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Giglio, E; Cometa, S; Sabbatini, L; Zambonin, P G; Spoto, G

    2005-02-01

    The performance of polyacrylic coatings as barrier films against corrosion of titanium-based orthopaedic implants was investigated. In particular, poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) was electrosynthesized on titanium substrates by electro-reductive processes from aqueous monomer solutions. The obtained PMMA coatings were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The effect of an annealing treatment on the morphology of coatings with respect to uniformity and porosity of films was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). An inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) technique was used for ion concentration measurements in ion release tests performed on TiAlV sheets modified with PMMA coatings (annealed and unannealed). Results indicated that the annealing process produces coatings with considerable anticorrosion performances. PMID:15657712

  11. Controlling the release of active compounds from the inorganic carrier halloysite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tescione, F.; Buonocore, G. G.; Stanzione, M.; Oliviero, M.; Lavorgna, M.

    2014-05-01

    Halloysite (HNTs), a natural material characterized by a nanotube structure, has been used as an inorganic carrier of active compounds in several applications from medicine to anticorrosion coatings. In this present work, vanillin (VAN) used as a antimicrobial model, has been encapsulated within HNTs for exploiting its applicability in the active food packaging sector. The molecule release rate has been controlled by crosslinking at the tube ends the loaded vanillin with copper ions, thus producing a stopper network. The vanillin-loaded HNTs were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermo gravimetric analysis. The antimicrobial release kinetics from the loaded nanoparticles (VAN/HNTs) in water was investigated using UV-vis spectroscopy. The results show that the vanillin crosslinked with cupper ions is a feasible method to tailor the release rate of antimicrobial model from HTNs nanoparticles.

  12. Development of a new solvent-free flow efficiency coating for natural gas pipelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fogg, Graham A.; Morse, Jennifer [Bredero Shaw, Houston, TX (United States)

    2005-07-01

    Pipeline design engineers have traditionally considered external anti-corrosion coatings for the protection of gas transmission pipelines, with less consideration given to the benefits of internal flow efficiency coatings. This paper reviews the benefits of using a traditional solvent-based flow efficiency coating, and the relationship between the internal surface roughness of a pipe, the pressure drop across the pipeline, and the maximum flow rate of gas through the pipeline. To improve upon existing solvent-based flow efficiency coatings, a research program was undertaken to develop a solvent-free coating. The stages in the development of this coating are discussed, resulting in the plant application of the coating and final qualification to API RP 5L2. (author)

  13. Stop and regulating valves for radiochemical plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The papers on developing stop and regulating valves and selecting material for these valves are reviewed. The main technical requirements of the radiochemical production to the valves are: the fluid stream velocity of 0.2-10000 l/s, remote exchange, one year lifetime or 15O00 cycles, the pressure and temperature of the fluid up to 0.6 MPa and up to 120 deg C. It is presupposed to use 03Cr18Ni12 and 03Cr18Ni12MO2-3 type steels for these valves. The CrWCO type lining materials for the working medium of nitrogen acid are acknowledged unfit. Significantly better anticorrosion properties are found for the electrodes with the 1Cr18Ni Mo2-5 Mn2-4 type lining. The bellow valve design meets the suggested technical requirements most fully. Two perspective projects of the valve of this type are presented

  14. Effect of surface modification of Cu with Ag by ball-milling on the corrosion resistance of low infrared emissivity coating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yan Xiaoxing, E-mail: yanxiaoxing@nuaa.edu.c [College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Jiangjun Street, Nanjing 211100 (China); Xu Guoyue [College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Jiangjun Street, Nanjing 211100 (China)

    2010-01-25

    The corrosion resistance of low infrared emissivity copper/polyurethane (Cu/PU) coating was markedly improved by surface modification of Cu with silver (Ag) using a ball-milling method. For the purpose of clarifying the effect of the surface modification, the phase and morphology of as-prepared products were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the corrosion behavior was investigated with potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS). As a result, it was found that Ag was homogeneously distributed in Cu and the encapsulation of oil layer on the surface of Ag-Cu composite powders was formed after ball-milling, therefore, compatibility with organic phase was improved, which often keeps the low infrared emissivity and enhances the anti-corrosion performance of the coating.

  15. Electroless deposition of W-doped Ag films onto p-Si(100) from diluted HF solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Wei-chun; MA Chuan-li; WANG Chun-ming; ZHOU Feng

    2009-01-01

    Tungsten-doped silver films were prepared by immersing hydrogen-terminated silicon wafers into the solution of 2.5 mmol/L [Ag_2WO_4]+0.1 mol/L HF at 50 ℃.Their growth and composition were characterized with atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,respectively.The effect of tungstate ions on the deposition of silver was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) by comparing W-doped Ag film with Ag film.It is found that the molar fraction of tungsten in the deposits is about 2.3% and the O to W molar ratio was about 4.0 and W-doped Ag films have good anti-corrosion in air at 350 ℃.The doping of tungsten cannot change the deposition of silver.

  16. Boronized steels with corundum-baddeleyite coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Pokorny

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes preparation and properties of anti-corrosion and anti-abrasive coatings from corundum-baddeleyite ceramics deposited on surface of low-carbon boronized steel S235JRH-1.0038 (EN 10025-1 by plasma spraying method. Adhesive interlayers Fe2B reaches bond strength of up to 20 MPa in the pull-off tests, the ZrO2 - Al2O3 - SiO2 coatings have a value of fracture adhesion of 4 - 6 MPa. Hardness of these ceramic coatings on steel is as high as 1 800 HV100 and its polarization resistance is 1 600 Ω/cm2 to 4 000 Ω/cm2.

  17. CHARACTERIZATION AND PROCESSING OF SCALES FROM THE MECHANICAL DESCALING OF CARBON STEELS FOR RECYCLING AS COATING PIGMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson de Oliveira Fraga

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The large volume of solid wastes generated as scales in Steel Mills accounts to circa 1% to 2% of the total steel production and has led to studies aiming the recycling of scales, usually resulting in products of low added value. In this study, scales from the mechanical descaling of SAE 1045 steel were characterized by SEM and by quantitative X-Ray diffraction (Rietveld method, as well as by differential thermal analysis, aiming to develop its pretreatment for the further use as lamellar pigments in anticorrosive coatings of high added value. Aspect ratios between 1:50 and 1:100 were obtained by the processing of scales, which allows the replacement of other micaceous iron oxides.

  18. Aviation Lubricants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lansdown, A. R.; Lee, S.

    Aviation lubricants must be extremely reliable, withstand high specific loadings and extreme environmental conditions within short times. Requirements are critical. Piston engines increasingly use multi-grade oils, single grades are still used extensively, with anti-wear and anti-corrosion additives for some classes of engines. The main gas turbine lubricant problem is transient heat exposure, the main base oils used are synthetic polyol esters which minimise thermal degradation. Aminic anti-oxidants are used together with anti-wear/load-carrying, corrosion inhibitor and anti-foam additives. The majority of formulation viscosities are 5 cSt at 100°C. Other considerations are seal compatibility and coking tendency.

  19. Influence of Pitting Corrosion on Fatigue and Corrosion Fatigue of Ship and Offshore Structures, Part II: Load - Pit - Crack Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakubowski Marek

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the paper has been discussed influence of stresses on general corrosion rate and corrosion pit nucleation rate and growth , whose presence has been questioned by some authors but accepted by most of them. Influence of roughness of pit walls on fatigue life of a plate suffering pit corrosion and presence of the so called „ non-damaging” pits which never lead to initiation of fatigue crack, has been presented. Possibility of prediction of pit-to-crack transition moment by two different ways, i.e. considering a pit a stress concentrator or an equivalent crack, has been analyzed. Also, influence of statistical distribution of depth of corrosion pits as well as anticorrosion protection on fatigue and corrosion fatigue has been described.

  20. Novel accelerated corrosion test for LY12CZ and LC4CS aluminum alloys

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Jian-ping; LIU Ming

    2006-01-01

    A new accelerated corrosion test-comprehensive environmental test (CET) was developed in order to estimate the outdoor corrosion of aluminum alloys in marine environment. The environmental characteristics in CET were studied by atmospheric corrosion monitor (ACM), and the morphology of corrosion product was observed by SEM. The correlation between the accelerated corrosion tests and outdoor exposure was discussed. The results show that the anti-corrosion ranking for LY12CZ, LC4CS, clad LY12CZ, and clad LC4CS in CET is the same as that of the alloys exposed outdoor, and ACM study shows that CET demonstrates the same environmental characteristics as that exposed outdoor. CET is a more accurate accelerated corrosion test, and a mathematical relation was obtained to describe the relation between CET and outdoor test.