WorldWideScience

Sample records for anti-ferromagnetic heisenberg chains

  1. The ground state of a spin-1 anti-ferromagnetic atomic condensate for Heisenberg limited metrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ling-Na; You, Li

    2016-05-01

    The ground state of a spin-1 atomic condensate with anti-ferromagnetic interaction can be applied to quantum metrology approaching the Heisenberg limit. Unlike a ferromagnetic condensate state where individual atomic spins are aligned in the same direction, atoms in an anti-ferromagnetic ground state condensate exist as spin singlet pairs, whose inherent correlation promises metrological precisions beyond the standard quantum limit (SQL) for uncorrelated atoms. The degree of improvement over the SQL is measured by quantum Fisher information (QFI), whose dependence on the ratio of linear Zeeman shift p to spin-dependent atomic interaction c is studied. At a typical value of p = 0 . 4 c corresponding to a magnetic field of 28 . 6 μ G with c = h × 50 Hz (for 23 Na atom condensate in the F = 1 state at a typical density of ~1014cm-3), the scaled QFI can reach ~ 0 . 48 N , which is close to the limits of N for NooN state, or 0 . 5 N for twin-Fock state. We hope our work will stimulate experimental efforts towards reaching the anti-ferromagnetic condensate ground state at extremely low magnetic fields.

  2. Seeing time-reversal transmission characteristics through kinetic anti-ferromagnetic Ising chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Ying-Ming; Wang Bing-Zhong

    2012-01-01

    As an example of our new approach to complex near-field (NF) scattering of electromagnetic waves,the timereversal (TR) transmission process on an NF current-element array is mapped to the statistical process on a kinetic Ising transmission chain.Equilibrium statistical mechanics and non-equilibrium Monte Carlo (MC) dynamics help us to find signal jamming,aging,annihilating,creating,and TR symmetry breaking on the chain with inevitable background noises; and these results are general in NF systems where complex electromagnetic scattering arises.

  3. Entanglement in spin-1 Heisenberg XY chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Meng; TAO YingJuan; HU MingLiang; TIAN DongPing

    2008-01-01

    We investigated the quantum entanglement in spin-1 Heisenberg XY chain for two-spin-qutrit and multi-particle systems. As a measure of the entanglement, the negativity of this state was analyzed as a function of the temperature and the magnetic field. We gave some numerical results and discussed them in detail. We found that the negativity increases monotonously with the coupling constants |J1|and |J2|, and it showed a symmetry with respect to the point of J1=0 and J2= 0. In addition to the above features, there is evidence that the critical temperature is independent of the length of the chain.

  4. Entanglement in spin-1 Heisenberg XY chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    We investigated the quantum entanglement in spin-1 Heisenberg XY chain for two-spin-qutrit and multi-particle systems. As a measure of the entanglement, the negativity of this state was analyzed as a function of the temperature and the magnetic field. We gave some numerical results and discussed them in detail. We found that the negativity increases monotonously with the coupling constants |J1| and |J2|, and it showed a symmetry with respect to the point of J1=0 and J2=0. In addition to the above features, there is evidence that the critical temperature is independent of the length of the chain.

  5. Magnetic Heisenberg-chain/pp-wave correspondence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We find a decoupling limit of planar N = 4 super Yang-Mills (SYM) on R x S3 in which it becomes equivalent to the ferromagnetic XXX1/2 Heisenberg spin chain in an external magnetic field. The decoupling limit generalizes the one found in ref. [4] corresponding to the case with zero magnetic field. The presence of the magnetic field is seen to break the degeneracy of the vacuum sector and it has a non-trivial effect on the low energy spectrum. We find a general connection between the Hagedorn temperature of planar N = 4 SYM on R x S3 in the decoupling limit and the thermodynamics of the Heisenberg chain. This is used to study the Hagedorn temperature for small and large value of the effective coupling. We consider the dual decoupling limit of type IIB strings on AdS5 x S5. We find a Penrose limit compatible with the decoupling limit that gives a magnetic pp-wave background. The breaking of the symmetry by the magnetic field on the gauge theory side is seen to have a geometric counterpart in the derivation of the Penrose limit. We take the decoupling limit of the pp-wave spectrum and succesfully match the resulting spectrum to the low energy spectrum on the gauge theory side. This enables us to match the Hagedorn temperature of the pp-wave to the Hagedorn temperature of the gauge theory for large effective coupling. This generalizes the results of ref. [5] to the case of non-zero magnetic field

  6. The spin-partitioned total position-spread tensor: An application to Heisenberg spin chains

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fertitta, Edoardo; Paulus, Beate [Institut für Chemie und Biochemie, Freie Universität Berlin, Takustr. 3, 14195 Berlin (Germany); El Khatib, Muammar; Evangelisti, Stefano; Leininger, Thierry [Laboratoire de Chimie et Physique Quantiques–LCPQ/IRSAMC, Université de Toulouse (UPS) et CNRS (UMR-5626), 118 Route de Narbonne, Toulouse Cedex 31062 (France); Bendazzoli, Gian Luigi [Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale “Toso Montanari,” Università di Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 4, I–40136 Bologna (Italy)

    2015-12-28

    The spin partition of the Total Position-Spread (TPS) tensor has been performed for one-dimensional Heisenberg chains with open boundary conditions. Both the cases of a ferromagnetic (high-spin) and an anti-ferromagnetic (low-spin) ground-state have been considered. In the case of a low-spin ground-state, the use of alternating magnetic couplings allowed to investigate the effect of spin-pairing. The behavior of the spin-partitioned TPS (SP-TPS) tensor as a function of the number of sites turned to be closely related to the presence of an energy gap between the ground-state and the first excited-state at the thermodynamic limit. Indeed, a gapped energy spectrum is associated to a linear growth of the SP-TPS tensor with the number of sites. On the other hand, in gapless situations, the spread presents a faster-than-linear growth, resulting in the divergence of its per-site value. Finally, for the case of a high-spin wave function, an analytical expression of the dependence of the SP-TPS on the number of sites n and the total spin-projection S{sub z} has been derived.

  7. Phonon dynamics in a compressible classical Heisenberg chain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fivez, Jan; Raedt, Hans De; Raedt, Bart De

    1980-01-01

    The dynamic properties of the compressible classical Heisenberg chain with bilinear coupling are investigated. The sound velocity is calculated exactly. The Fourier-transformed displacement-displacement correlation function is studied as a function of temperature, wave vector, and the model paramete

  8. Teleportation via thermally entangled states of a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Meng; TAO Ying-Juan; TIAN Dong-Ping

    2008-01-01

    We investigate quantum teleportation as a tool to study the thermally entangled state of a twoqubit Heisenberg XXZ chain.Our work is mainly to investigate the characteristics of a Heisenberg XXZ chain and get some analytical results of the fully entangled fraction.We also consider the entanglement teleportation via a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain.

  9. Topological magnon bound-states in quantum Heisenberg chains

    CERN Document Server

    Qin, Xizhou; Ke, Yongguan; Zhang, Li; Lee, Chaohong

    2016-01-01

    It is still an outstanding challenge to characterize and understand the topological features of strongly correlated states such as bound-states in interacting multi-particle quantum systems. Recently, bound states of elementary spin waves (magnons) in quantum magnets have been experimentally observed in quantum Heisenberg chains comprising ultracold Bose atoms in optical lattices. Here, we explore an unprecedented topological state called topological magnon bound-state in the quantum Heisenberg chain under cotranslational symmetry. We find that the cotranslational symmetry allows us to formulate a direct topological invariant for the multi-particle quantum states, which can be used to characterize the topological features of multi-magnon excitations. We calculate energy spectra, density distributions, correlations and topological invariants of the two-magnon bound-states and show the existence of topological magnon bound-states. Our study not only opens a new prospect to pursue topological bound-states, but a...

  10. Lattice Gauge Theories and the Heisenberg Antiferromagnetic Chain

    CERN Document Server

    Berruto, F; Grignani, G; Sodano, P

    2000-01-01

    We study the strongly coupled 2-flavor lattice Schwinger model and the SU(2)-color QCD_2. The strong coupling limit, even with its inherent nonuniversality, makes accurate predictions of the spectrum of the continuum models and provides an intuitive picture of the gauge theory vacuum. The massive excitations of the gauge model are computable in terms of spin-spin correlators of the quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 chain.

  11. Spin transport of weakly disordered Heisenberg chain at infinite temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khait, Ilia; Gazit, Snir; Yao, Norman Y.; Auerbach, Assa

    2016-06-01

    We study the disordered Heisenberg spin chain, which exhibits many-body localization at strong disorder, in the weak to moderate disorder regime. A continued fraction calculation of dynamical correlations is devised, using a variational extrapolation of recurrents. Good convergence for the infinite chain limit is shown. We find that the local spin correlations decay at long times as C ˜t-β , whereas the conductivity exhibits a low-frequency power law σ ˜ωα . The exponents depict subdiffusive behavior β 0 at all finite disorders and convergence to the scaling result α +2 β =1 at large disorders.

  12. Quasiparticle interactions in frustrated Heisenberg chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderstraeten, Laurens; Haegeman, Jutho; Verstraete, Frank; Poilblanc, Didier

    2016-06-01

    Interactions between elementary excitations in quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnets are of experimental relevance and their quantitative theoretical treatment has been a theoretical challenge for many years. Using matrix product states, one can explicitly determine the wave functions of the one- and two-particle excitations, and, consequently, the contributions to dynamical correlations. We apply this framework to the (nonintegrable) frustrated dimerized spin-1/2 chain, a model for generic spin-Peierls systems, where low-energy quasiparticle excitations are bound states of topological solitons. The spin structure factor involving two quasiparticle scattering states is obtained in the thermodynamic limit with full momentum and frequency resolution. This allows very subtle features in the two-particle spectral function to be revealed which, we argue, could be seen, e.g., in inelastic neutron scattering of spin-Peierls compounds under a change of the external pressure.

  13. Quantum spin transistor with a Heisenberg spin chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchukov, O. V.; Volosniev, A. G.; Valiente, M.; Petrosyan, D.; Zinner, N. T.

    2016-10-01

    Spin chains are paradigmatic systems for the studies of quantum phases and phase transitions, and for quantum information applications, including quantum computation and short-distance quantum communication. Here we propose and analyse a scheme for conditional state transfer in a Heisenberg XXZ spin chain which realizes a quantum spin transistor. In our scheme, the absence or presence of a control spin excitation in the central gate part of the spin chain results in either perfect transfer of an arbitrary state of a target spin between the weakly coupled input and output ports, or its complete blockade at the input port. We also discuss a possible proof-of-concept realization of the corresponding spin chain with a one-dimensional ensemble of cold atoms with strong contact interactions. Our scheme is generally applicable to various implementations of tunable spin chains, and it paves the way for the realization of integrated quantum logic elements.

  14. Quantum Teleportation Through a Two-Qubit Heisenberg XXZ Chain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain as a resource for quantum teleportation via the standard teleportation protocol T0. The effects of anisotropic on teleportation fidelity and entanglement are studied in detail. We find anisotropic not only improves the critical temperature Tc and critical magnetic field Bc, beyond which quantum teleportation is inferior to classical communication protocol, but also enhances the fidelity for fixed magnetic field B and temperature T. For entanglement teleportation, the effects of magnetic field on average fidelity and output entanglement are studied

  15. Macroscooic inequivalent entanglement witness in Heisenberg spin Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Ting; Chen Ping-Xing; Li Cheng-Zu

    2009-01-01

    Motivated by the wise idea of entanglement witness(EW),we present an inequivalent entanglement witness(IEEW)that can analogously classify certain eigenstates entangled in inequivalent ways under stochastic local operations and classical communication(SLOCC)in the Heisenberg spin chain.Since the IEEW is the absolute value of magnetization |M| that is a macroscopically measurable quantity,our conclusions provide a macroscopic method to detect incquivalent entanglement between microscopic spins,on the one hand,and clearly show that inequivalent entanglement can yield different macroscopic effects,on the other hand.

  16. Q-operators for the open Heisenberg spin chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rouven Frassek

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We construct Q-operators for the open spin-12 XXX Heisenberg spin chain with diagonal boundary matrices. The Q-operators are defined as traces over an infinite-dimensional auxiliary space involving novel types of reflection operators derived from the boundary Yang–Baxter equation. We argue that the Q-operators defined in this way are polynomials in the spectral parameter and show that they commute with transfer matrix. Finally, we prove that the Q-operators satisfy Baxter's TQ-equation and derive the explicit form of their eigenvalues in terms of the Bethe roots.

  17. Q-operators for the open Heisenberg spin chain

    CERN Document Server

    Frassek, Rouven

    2015-01-01

    We construct Q-operators for the open spin-1/2 XXX Heisenberg spin chain with diagonal boundary matrices. The Q-operators are defined as traces over an infinite-dimensional auxiliary space involving novel types of reflection operators derived from the boundary Yang-Baxter equation. We argue that the Q-operators defined in this way are polynomials in the spectral parameter and show that they commute with transfer matrix. Finally, we prove that the Q-operators satisfy Baxter's TQ-equation.

  18. Q-operators for the open Heisenberg spin chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frassek, Rouven; Szécsényi, István M.

    2015-12-01

    We construct Q-operators for the open spin-1/2 XXX Heisenberg spin chain with diagonal boundary matrices. The Q-operators are defined as traces over an infinite-dimensional auxiliary space involving novel types of reflection operators derived from the boundary Yang-Baxter equation. We argue that the Q-operators defined in this way are polynomials in the spectral parameter and show that they commute with transfer matrix. Finally, we prove that the Q-operators satisfy Baxter's TQ-equation and derive the explicit form of their eigenvalues in terms of the Bethe roots.

  19. Quantum correlations and coherence in spin-1 Heisenberg chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malvezzi, A. L.; Karpat, G.; ćakmak, B.; Fanchini, F. F.; Debarba, T.; Vianna, R. O.

    2016-05-01

    We explore quantum and classical correlations along with coherence in the ground states of spin-1 Heisenberg chains, namely the one-dimensional XXZ model and the one-dimensional bilinear biquadratic model, with the techniques of density matrix renormalization group theory. Exploiting the tools of quantum information theory, that is, by studying quantum discord, quantum mutual information, and three recently introduced coherence measures in the reduced density matrix of two nearest neighbor spins in the bulk, we investigate the quantum phase transitions and special symmetry points in these models. We point out the relative strengths and weaknesses of correlation and coherence measures as figures of merit to witness the quantum phase transitions and symmetry points in the considered spin-1 Heisenberg chains. In particular, we demonstrate that, as none of the studied measures can detect the infinite-order Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in the XXZ model, they appear to be able to signal the existence of the same type of transition in the biliear biquadratic model. However, we argue that what is actually detected by the measures here is the SU(3) symmetry point of the model rather than the infinite-order quantum phase transition. Moreover, we show in the XXZ model that examining even single site coherence can be sufficient to spotlight the second-order phase transition and the SU(2) symmetry point.

  20. Entanglement in an anisotropic spin-1 Heisenberg chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Yan; Zhu Shi-Qun; Hao Xiang

    2007-01-01

    The entanglement in an anisotropic spin-1 Heisenberg chain with a uniform magnetic field is investigated. The ground-state entanglement will undergo two different kinds of transitions when the anisotropy △ and the amplitude of the magnetic field B are varied. The thermal entanglement of the nearest neighbour always declines when B increases no matter what the value of the anisotropy is. It is very interesting to note that the entanglement of the next-nearest neighbour can increase to a maximum at a certain magnetic field. Regardless of the boundary condition, the nearest-neighbour entanglement always decreases and approaches to a constant value when the size of the system is very large. The constant value of open boundary condition is much larger than that of periodic boundary condition.

  1. Variational Monte Carlo investigation of SU (N ) Heisenberg chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufour, Jérôme; Nataf, Pierre; Mila, Frédéric

    2015-05-01

    Motivated by recent experimental progress in the context of ultracold multicolor fermionic atoms in optical lattices, we have investigated the properties of the SU (N) Heisenberg chain with totally antisymmetric irreducible representations, the effective model of Mott phases with m Gutzwiller projected fermionic wave functions, we have been able to verify these predictions for a representative number of cases with N ≤10 and m ≤N /2 , and we have shown that the opening of a gap is associated to a spontaneous dimerization or trimerization depending on the value of m and N . We have also investigated the marginal cases where Abelian bosonization did not lead to any prediction. In these cases, variational Monte Carlo predicts that the ground state is critical with exponents consistent with conformal field theory.

  2. Nonreciprocal spin wave elementary excitation in dislocated dimerized Heisenberg chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wanguo; Shen, Yang; Fang, Guisheng; Jin, Chongjun

    2016-05-01

    A mechanism for realizing nonreciprocal elementary excitation of spin wave (SW) is proposed. We study a reference model which describes a magnonic crystal (MC) formed by two Heisenberg chains with a lateral displacement (dislocation) and a longitudinal spacer, and derive a criterion to judge whether the elementary excitation spectra are reciprocal in this ferromagnetic lattice. An analytical method based on the spin precession equation is used to solve the elementary excitation spectra. The solution is related to a key factor, the spatio-temporal structure factor {θk}≤ft(Δ x,B\\right) , which can be directly calculated through the structural parameters. When it keeps invariant under the reversions of the external magnetic field B and the dislocation Δ x , or one of them, the spectra are reciprocal. Otherwise, the SW possesses nonreciprocal spectra with direction-dependent band edges and exhibits a directional magnetoresistance effect. This criterion can be regarded as a necessary and sufficient condition for the (non)reciprocity in the spin lattice. Besides, this novel lattice provides a prototype for spin diodes and spin logic gates.

  3. Field dependent spin transport of anisotropic Heisenberg chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezania, H.

    2016-04-01

    We have addressed the static spin conductivity and spin Drude weight of one-dimensional spin-1/2 anisotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain in the finite magnetic field. We have investigated the behavior of transport properties by means of excitation spectrum in terms of a hard core bosonic representation. The effect of in-plane anisotropy on the spin transport properties has also been studied via the bosonic model by Green's function approach. This anisotropy is considered for exchange constants that couple spin components perpendicular to magnetic field direction. We have found the temperature dependence of the spin conductivity and spin Drude weight in the gapped field induced spin-polarized phase for various magnetic field and anisotropy parameters. Furthermore we have studied the magnetic field dependence of static spin conductivity and Drude weight for various anisotropy parameters. Our results show the regular part of spin conductivity vanishes in isotropic case however Drude weight has a finite non-zero value and the system exhibits ballistic transport properties. We also find the peak in the static spin conductivity factor moves to higher temperature upon increasing the magnetic field at fixed anisotropy. The static spin conductivity is found to be monotonically decreasing with magnetic field due to increase of energy gap in the excitation spectrum. Furthermore we have studied the temperature dependence of spin Drude weight for different magnetic field and various anisotropy parameters.

  4. Entanglement, magnetic and quadrupole moments properties of the mixed spin Ising-Heisenberg diamond chain

    OpenAIRE

    Abgaryan, V S; Ananikian, N. S.; Ananikyan, L. N.; Hovhannisyan, V.

    2014-01-01

    Thermal entanglement, magnetic and quadrupole moments properties of the mixed spin-1/2 and spin-1 Ising-Heisenberg model on a diamond chain are considered. Magnetization and quadrupole moment plateaus are observed for the antiferromagnetic couplings. Thermal negativity as a measure of quantum entanglement of the mixed spin system is calculated. Different behavior for the negativity is obtained for the various values of Heisenberg dipolar and quadrupole couplings. The intermediate plateau of t...

  5. Thermal entanglement in a two-qubit Heisenberg XY chain with the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qin Meng; Xu Sheng-Long; Tao Ying-Juan; Tian Dong-Ping

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates thermal entanglements of a two-qubit Heisenberg XY chain in the presence of the Dzyaioshinskii-Moriya anisotropic antisymmetric interaction. By the concept of concurrence, it is found that the effects of spin-orbit coupling on the entanglement are different from those of spin-spin model. The analytical expressions of concurrence are obtained for this model.

  6. Entanglement, magnetic and quadrupole moments properties of the mixed spin Ising-Heisenberg diamond chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abgaryan, V. S.; Ananikian, N. S.; Ananikyan, L. N.; Hovhannisyan, V.

    2015-02-01

    Thermal entanglement, magnetic and quadrupole moments properties of the mixed spin-1/2 and spin-1 Ising-Heisenberg model on a diamond chain are considered. Magnetization and quadrupole moment plateaus are observed for the antiferromagnetic couplings. Thermal negativity as a measure of quantum entanglement of the mixed spin system is calculated. Different behavior for the negativity is obtained for the various values of Heisenberg dipolar and quadrupole couplings. The intermediate plateau of the negativity has been observed at the absence of the single-ion anisotropy and quadrupole interaction term. When dipolar and quadrupole couplings are equal there is a similar behavior of negativity and quadrupole moment.

  7. Topological basis realization for BMW algebra and Heisenberg XXZ spin chain model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bo; Xue, Kang; Wang, Gangcheng; Liu, Ying; Sun, Chunfang

    2015-04-01

    In this paper, we study three-dimensional (3D) reduced Birman-Murakami-Wenzl (BMW) algebra based on topological basis theory. Several examples of BMW algebra representations are reviewed. We also discuss a special solution of BMW algebra, which can be used to construct Heisenberg XXZ model. The theory of topological basis provides a useful method to solve quantum spin chain models. It is also shown that the ground state of XXZ spin chain is superposition state of topological basis.

  8. How to fold a spin chain: Integrable boundaries of the Heisenberg XXX and Inozemtsev hyperbolic models

    CERN Document Server

    Gomez, Alejandro De La Rosa; Regelskis, Vidas

    2016-01-01

    We present a general method of folding an integrable spin chain, defined on a line, to obtain an integrable open spin chain, defined on a half-line. We illustrate our method through two fundamental models with sl(2) Lie algebra symmetry: the Heisenberg XXX and the Inozemtsev hyperbolic spin chains. We obtain new long-range boundary Hamiltonians and demonstrate that they exhibit Yangian symmetries, thus ensuring integrability of the models we obtain. The method presented provides a "bottom-up" approach for constructing integrable boundaries and can be applied to any spin chain model.

  9. Frustrated diamond-chain quantum XXZ Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a magnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider the antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg model on a frustrated diamond-chain lattice in a z- or x-aligned external magnetic field. We use the strong-coupling approach to elaborate an effective description in the low-temperature strong-field regime. The obtained effective models are spin-1/2 XY chains which are exactly solvable through the Jordan–Wigner fermionization. We perform exact-diagonalization studies of the magnetization curves to test the quality of the effective description. The results may have relevance for the description of the azurite spin-chain compound

  10. Impurity in Pairwise Entanglement of Heisenberg ⅩⅩ Open Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    We calculate the concurrence of all pairwise entanglement of Heisenberg ⅩⅩ open chain with single system impurity in three-qubit and four-qubit cases, and find that the impurity parameter Ji has great effect on pairwise entanglement. Choosing the proper parameter Ji, we can obtain the maximal pairwise entanglement of the nearest qubits and make the non-nearest qubits entangle.

  11. Temperature Dependence of Energy Gaps in Spin-1/2 Dimerized Heisenberg Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江学范; 邢定钰; 陈鸿

    2002-01-01

    We present a method which combines a thermal coherent state approach with a self-consistent quantum theory to investigate the spin-1/2 dimerized antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain. It is found that both excitation gaps between the ground state and two lowest excited modes, the triplet one-magnon excitation and the singlet twomagnon bound state decrease monotonically with increasing temperature. Our results are consistent with those obtained from the other approximations.

  12. Bipartite entanglement in a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain under an inhomogeneous magnetic field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Meng; TIAN Dong-Ping

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the bipartite entanglement of a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain under an inhomogeneous magnetic field. By the concept of negativity, we find that the inhomogeneity of the magnetic field may induce entanglement and the critical magnetic field is independent of Jz. We also find that the entanglement is symmetric with respect to a zero magnetic field. The anisotropy parameter Jz may enhance the entanglement.

  13. Even-Odd Effects of Heisenberg Chains on Long-range Interaction and Entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Oh, Sangchul; Hu, Xuedong

    2010-01-01

    A strongly coupled Heisenberg chain provides an important channel for quantum communication through its many-body ground state. Yet, the nature of the effective interactions and the ability to mediate long-range entanglement differs significantly for chains of opposite parity. Here, we contrast the characters of even and odd-size chains when they are coupled to external qubits. Additional parity effects emerge in both cases, depending on the positions of the attached qubits. Some striking results include (i) the emergence of maximal entanglement and (ii) Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interactions for qubits attached to an even chain, and (iii) the ability of chains of either parity to mediate qubit entanglement that is undiminished by distance.

  14. Quantum entanglement in trimer spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains with antiferromagnetic coupling

    CERN Document Server

    Del Cima, O M; da Silva, S L L

    2015-01-01

    The quantum entanglement measure is determined, for the first time, for antiferromagnetic trimer spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains. The physical quantity proposed to measure the entanglement is the distance between states by adopting the Hilbert-Schmidt norm. The method is applied to the new magnetic Cu(II) trimer system, 2b.3CuCl_2.2H_2O, and to the trinuclear Cu(II) halide salt, (3MAP)_2Cu_2Cl_8. The decoherence temperature, above which the entanglement is suppressed, is determined for the both systems. A correlation among their decoherence temperatures and their respective exchange coupling constants is established.

  15. Enhancing the geometric quantum discord in the Heisenberg XX chain by Dzyaloshinsky–Moriya interaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied the trace distance, the Hellinger distance, and the Bures distance geometric quantum discords (GQDs) for a two-spin Heisenberg XX chain with the Dzyaloshinsky–Moriya (DM) interaction and the external magnetic fields. We found that considerable enhancement of the GQDs can be achieved by introducing the DM interaction, and their maxima were obtained when the strength of the DM interaction approaches infinity. The external magnetic fields and the increase of the temperature can also enhance the GQDs to some extent during certain specific parameter regions

  16. Specific Heat of the Spin-1/2 Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    云国宏; 梁希侠

    2001-01-01

    A simple analytic theory of thermodynamics at finite temperature for the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain is proposed based on the picture of the particle-hole pair excitations. The dispersion relation of the particle-hole pairs is derived in the formulation of thermodynamic Bethe ansatz provided that the particles and holes have the same energy and they are excited as normalmodes. It is shown that the behaviour of the specific heat is in excellent agreement with the numerical and experimental results.

  17. Quantum lattice fluctuations in a frustrated Heisenberg spin-Peierls chain

    OpenAIRE

    Weisse, A.; Wellein, G.; Fehske, H.

    1999-01-01

    As a simple model for spin-Peierls systems we study a frustrated Heisenberg chain coupled to optical phonons. In view of the anorganic spin-Peierls compound CuGeO3 we consider two different mechanisms of spin-phonon coupling. Combining variational concepts in the adiabatic regime and perturbation theory in the anti-adiabatic regime we derive effective spin Hamiltonians which cover the dynamical effect of phonons in an approximate way. Ground-state phase diagrams of these models are determined...

  18. Quantum Teleportation via Completely Anisotropic Heisenberg Chain in Inhomogeneous Magnetic Field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quantum teleportation with the entangled thermal state is investigated based on the completely anisotropic Heisenberg chain in the presence of the externally inhomogeneous magnetic field. The effects of the anisotropy and magnetic field for the quantum fidelity are studied in detail. The zero temperature limit and the features of the nonzero temperature for this nonclassical fidelity are obtained. We find that the quantum teleportation demands more stringent conditions than the thermal entanglement of the resource by investigating the threshold temperature of the thermal concurrence and the critical temperature of the maximal teleportation fidelity. The useful quantum teleportation should avoid the point of the phase transition of the system and the anisotropy of the chain and the external magnetic field can control the applicability of the resource in the quantum teleportation. (general)

  19. Quantum Teleportation via Completely Anisotropic Heisenberg Chain in Inhomogeneous Magnetic Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Cheng-Hua; HU Zhan-Ning

    2013-01-01

    The quantum teleportation with the entangled thermal state is investigated based on the completely anisotropic Heisenberg chain in the presence of the externally inhomogeneous magnetic field.The effects of the anisotropy and magnetic field for the quantum fidefity are studied in detail.The zero temperature limit and the features of the nonzero temperature for this nonclassical fidelity are obtained.We find that the quantum teleportation demands more stringent conditions than the thermal entanglement of the resource by investigating the threshold temperature of the thermal concurrence and the critical temperature of the maximal teleportation fidelity.The useful quantum teleportation should avoid the point of the phase transition of the system and the anisotropy of the chain and the external magnetic field can control the applicability of the resource in the quantum teleportation.

  20. Thermal entanglement and teleportation in a two-qubit Heisenberg chain with Dzyaloshinski-Moriya anisotropic antisymmetric interaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermal entanglement of a two-qubit Heisenberg chain in the presence of the Dzyaloshinski-Moriya (DM) anisotropic antisymmetric interaction and entanglement teleportation when using two independent Heisenberg chains as the quantum channel are investigated. It is found that the DM interaction can excite entanglement and teleportation fidelity. The output entanglement increases linearly with increasing value of the input; its dependences on the temperature, DM interaction, and spin coupling constant are given in detail. Entanglement teleportation will be better realized via an antiferromagnetic spin chain when the DM interaction is turned off and the temperature is low. However, the introduction of the DM interaction can cause the ferromagnetic spin chain to be a better quantum channel for teleportation. A minimal entanglement of the thermal state in the model is needed to realize the entanglement teleportation regardless of whether the spin chains are antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic

  1. Quantum lattice fluctuations in a frustrated Heisenberg spin-Peierls chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiße, A.; Wellein, G.; Fehske, H.

    1999-09-01

    As a simple model for spin-Peierls systems we study a frustrated Heisenberg chain coupled to optical phonons. In view of the anorganic spin-Peierls compound CuGeO3 we consider two different mechanisms of spin-phonon coupling. Combining variational concepts in the adiabatic regime and perturbation theory in the antiadiabatic regime we derive effective spin Hamiltonians which cover the dynamical effect of phonons in an approximate way. Ground-state phase diagrams of these models are determined, and the effect of frustration is discussed. Comparing the properties of the ground state and low-lying excitations with exact diagonalization data for the full quantum spin-phonon models, good agreement is found especially in the antiadiabatic regime.

  2. Magnon localization and Bloch oscillations in finite Heisenberg spin chains in an inhomogeneous magnetic field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosevich, Yuriy A; Gann, Vladimir V

    2013-06-19

    We study the localization of magnon states in finite defect-free Heisenberg spin-1/2 ferromagnetic chains placed in an inhomogeneous magnetic field with a constant spatial gradient. Continuous transformation from the extended magnon states to the localized Wannier-Zeeman states in a finite spin chain placed in an inhomogeneous field is described both analytically and numerically. We describe for the first time the non-monotonic dependence of the energy levels of magnons, both long and short wavelength, on the magnetic field gradient, which is a consequence of magnon localization in a finite spin chain. We show that, in contrast to the destruction of the magnon band and the establishment of the Wannier-Stark ladder in a vanishingly small field gradient in an infinite chain, the localization of magnon states at the chain ends preserves the memory of the magnon band. Essentially, the localization at the lower- or higher-field chain end resembles the localization of the positive- or negative-effective-mass band quasiparticles. We also show how the beat dynamics of coherent superposition of extended spin waves in a finite chain in a homogeneous or weakly inhomogeneous field transforms into magnon Bloch oscillations of the superposition of localized Wannier-Zeeman states in a strongly inhomogeneous field. We provide a semiclassical description of the magnon Bloch oscillations and show that the correspondence between the quantum and semiclassical descriptions is most accurate for Bloch oscillations of the magnon coherent states, which are built from a coherent superposition of a large number of the nearest-neighbour Wannier-Zeeman states.

  3. Exact matrix product solutions in the Heisenberg picture of an open quantum spin chain

    CERN Document Server

    Clark, S R; Hartmann, M J; Jaksch, D; Plenio, M B

    2009-01-01

    In recent work Hartmann et al [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 057202 (2009)] demonstrated that the classical simulation of the dynamics of open 1D quantum systems with matrix product algorithms can often be dramatically improved by performing time evolution in the Heisenberg picture. For a closed system this was exemplified by an exact matrix product operator solution of the time-evolved creation operator of a quadratic fermi chain with a matrix dimension of just two. In this work we show that this exact solution can be significantly generalized to include the case of an open quadratic fermi chain subjected to master equation evolution with Lindblad operators that are linear in the fermionic operators. Remarkably even in this open system the time-evolution of operators continues to be described by matrix product operators with the same fixed dimension as that required by the solution of a coherent quadratic fermi chain for all times. Through the use of matrix product algorithms the dynamical behaviour of operators in ...

  4. Soliton dynamics in planar ferromagnets and anti-ferromagnets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LINFang-hua; SHATAHJalal

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present a rigorous mathematical proof of the dynamical laws for the topological solitons( magnetic vortices) in ferromagnets and anti-ferromagnets. It is achieved through the conservation laws for the topological vorticity and the weak convergence methods.

  5. Quantum teleportation via a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain-effects of anisotropy and magnetic field

    OpenAIRE

    ZHOU, YUE; Zhang, Guofeng

    2008-01-01

    We study quantum teleportation via a two-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain under an inhomogeneous magnetic field. We first consider entanglement teleportation, and then focus on the teleportation fidelity under different conditions. The effects of anisotropy and the magnetic field, both uniform and inhomogeneous, are discussed. We also find that, though entanglement teleportation does require an entangled quantum channel, a nonzero critical value of minimum entanglement is not always necessary.

  6. Thermodynamic limit of particle-hole form factors in the massless XXZ Heisenberg chain

    CERN Document Server

    Kitanine, N; Maillet, J M; Slavnov, N A; Terras, V

    2010-01-01

    We study the thermodynamic limit of the particle-hole form factors of the XXZ Heisenberg chain in the massless regime. We show that, in this limit, such form factors decrease as an explicitly computed power-law in the system-size. Moreover, the corresponding amplitudes can be obtained as a product of a "smooth" and a "discrete" part: the former depends continuously on the rapidities of the particles and holes, whereas the latter has an additional explicit dependence on the set of integer numbers that label each excited state in the associated logarithmic Bethe equations. We also show that special form factors corresponding to zero-energy excitations lying on the Fermi surface decrease as a power-law in the system size with the same critical exponents as in the long-distance asymptotic behavior of the related two-point correlation functions. The methods we develop in this article are rather general and can be applied to other massless integrable models associated to the six-vertex R-matrix and having determina...

  7. Long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model for prebiotic evolution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nokura, Kazuo [Shonan Institute of Technology, Fujisawa 251-8511 (Japan)

    2003-11-28

    I propose and discuss a fitness function for one-dimensional binary monomer sequences of macromolecules for prebiotic evolution. The fitness function is defined by the free energy of polymers in the high temperature random coil phase. With repulsive interactions among the same kind of monomers, the free energy in the high temperature limit becomes the energy function of the one-dimensional long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model, which is shown to have a dynamical phase transition and glassy states.

  8. Long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model for prebiotic evolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    I propose and discuss a fitness function for one-dimensional binary monomer sequences of macromolecules for prebiotic evolution. The fitness function is defined by the free energy of polymers in the high temperature random coil phase. With repulsive interactions among the same kind of monomers, the free energy in the high temperature limit becomes the energy function of the one-dimensional long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model, which is shown to have a dynamical phase transition and glassy states

  9. Spontaneous pattern formation in an anti-ferromagnetic quantum gas

    OpenAIRE

    Kronjäger, Jochen; Becker, Christoph; Soltan-Panahi, Parvis; Bongs, Kai; Sengstock, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    Spontaneous pattern formation is a phenomenon ubiquitous in nature, examples ranging from Rayleigh-Benard convection to the emergence of complex organisms from a single cell. In physical systems, pattern formation is generally associated with the spontaneous breaking of translation symmetry and is closely related to other symmetry-breaking phenomena, of which (anti-)ferromagnetism is a prominent example. Indeed, magnetic pattern formation has been studied extensively in both solid-state mater...

  10. Dynamical correlation functions of the S=1/2 nearest-neighbor and Haldane-Shastry Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chains in zero and applied fields

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lefmann, K.; Rischel, C.

    1996-01-01

    We present a numerical diagonalization study of two one-dimensional S=1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains, having nearest-neighbor and Haldane-Shastry (1/r(2)) interactions, respectively. We have obtained the T=0 dynamical correlation function, S-alpha alpha(q,omega), for chains of length N=8......-28. We have studied S-zz(q,omega) for the Heisenberg chain in zero field, and from finite-size scaling we have obtained a limiting behavior that for large omega deviates from the conjecture proposed earlier by Muller ct al. For both chains we describe the behavior of S-zz(q,omega) and S...

  11. Thermal entanglement of a spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg model on a symmetrical diamond chain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ananikian, N S; Ananikyan, L N; Chakhmakhchyan, L A; Rojas, Onofre

    2012-06-27

    The entanglement quantum properties of a spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg model on a symmetrical diamond chain were analyzed. Due to the separable nature of the Ising-type exchange interactions between neighboring Heisenberg dimers, calculation of the entanglement can be performed exactly for each individual dimer. Pairwise thermal entanglement was studied in terms of the isotropic Ising-Heisenberg model and analytical expressions for the concurrence (as a measure of bipartite entanglement) were obtained. The effects of external magnetic field H and next-nearest neighbor interaction J(m) between nodal Ising sites were considered. The ground state structure and entanglement properties of the system were studied in a wide range of coupling constant values. Various regimes with different values of ground state entanglement were revealed, depending on the relation between competing interaction strengths. Finally, some novel effects, such as the two-peak behavior of concurrence versus temperature and coexistence of phases with different values of magnetic entanglement, were observed.

  12. Integrability and soliton in a classical one dimensional site dependent biquadratic Heisenberg spin chain and the effect of nonlinear inhomogeneity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The integrability of one dimensional classical continuum inhomogeneous biquadratic Heisenberg spin chain and the effect of nonlinear inhomogeneity on the soliton of an underlying completely integrable spin model are studied. The dynamics of the spin system is expressed in terms of a higher order generalized nonlinear Schroedinger equation through a differential geometric approach which becomes integrable for a particular choice of the biquadratic exchange interaction and for linear inhomogeneity. The effect of nonlinear inhomogeneity on the spin soliton is studied by carrying out a multiple scale perturbation analysis. (author)

  13. Bloch Walls and Macroscopic String States in Bethe's Solution of the Heisenberg Ferromagnetic Linear Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhar, Abhishek; Sriram Shastry, B.

    2000-09-01

    We present a calculation of the lowest excited states of the Heisenberg ferromagnet in 1D for any wave vector. These turn out to be string solutions of Bethe's equations with a macroscopic number of particles in them. They are identified as generalized quantum Bloch wall states, and a simple physical picture is provided for the same.

  14. Bloch Walls and Macroscopic String States in Bethe's solution of the Heisenberg Ferromagnetic Linear Chain

    OpenAIRE

    Dhar, Abhishek; Shastry, B. Sriram

    2000-01-01

    We present a calculation of the lowest excited states of the Heisenberg ferromagnet in 1-d for any wave vector. These turn out to be string solutions of Bethe's equations with a macroscopic number of particles in them. These are identified as generalized quantum Bloch wall states, and a simple physical picture provided for the same.

  15. Low temperature ballistic spin transport in the S=1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain compound SrCuO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For one-dimensional quantum spin chain systems recent experimental and theoretical studies indicate unexpectedly large, in some cases diverging spin and heat transport coefficients. Local probes, like e.g. muon spin relaxation (μSR) can indirectly characterize the spin transport properties of low dimensional systems via the magnetic field dependence of the spin lattice relaxation rate λ(B). For diffusive spin transport λ∝B-0.5 is expected. For the ground state of the isotropic spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain the eigenstates of the Heisenberg Hamiltonian dominate the spin transport, which is then ballistic. Using the Mueller ansatz λ∝B-1 is expected in this case. For SrCuO2 we find λ∝B-0.9(3). This result is temperature independent for 5 K≤T ≤300 K. Within conformal field theory and using the Mueller ansatz we conclude ballistic spin transport in SrCuO2.

  16. Influence of Intrinsic Decoherence on Entanglement in Two-Qubit Quantum Heisenberg XYZ Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAO Bin; ZENG Tian-Hai; ZOU Jian

    2005-01-01

    Taking the intrinsic decoherence effect into account, we investigate the time evolution of entanglement for two-qubit XYZ Heisenberg model in an external uniform magnetic field. Concurrence, the measurement of entanglement,is calculated. We show how the intrinsic decoherence modifies the time evolution of the entanglement and find that at short-time case, concurrence is oscillating as increasing magnetic field, which implies that entanglement may be enhanced or weakened in some time regions.

  17. Two Qubits Entanglement Dynamics in 1D Heisenberg Chain with Intrinsic Decoherence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAO Bin; ZHANG Li-li; ZOU Jian

    2006-01-01

    To reveal how the decoherence modifies the time evolution of the entanglement of quantum system,the intrinsic decoherence approach and the entanglement of formation are used, and the time evolution of entanglement for two-qubit 1D quantum Heisenberg model in an external uniform magnetic field is derived. It is shown that the external magnetic field can strengthen the effects of the intrinsic decoherence on the entanglement of the system.

  18. Ground-State and Thermal Entanglement in Three-Spin Heisenberg-XXZ Chain with Three-Spin Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The entanglement properties of a three-spin X X Z Heisenberg chain with three-spin interaction are studied by means of concurrence of pairwise entanglement. We show that ground-state pairwise entanglement, pairwise thermal entanglement, or quantum phase transition is not present in antiferromagnetic spin chain. For the ferromagnetic case, quantum phase transition takes place at △ = 1 for anisotropic interaction and at some values of three-spin coupling strength, and pairwise thermal entanglement increases when the value of J/T increases and with anisotropic interaction and three-spin interaction decrease. In addition, we find that increasing the anisotropic interaction and the three-spin interaction will decrease critical temperature.

  19. On the Correspondence Between the Strongly Coupled 2-Flavor Lattice Schwinger Model and the Heisenberg Antiferromagnetic Chain

    CERN Document Server

    Berruto, F; Semenoff, Gordon W; Sodano, P

    1999-01-01

    We study the strong coupling limit of the 2-flavor massless Schwinger model on a lattice using staggered fermions and the Hamiltonian approach to lattice gauge theories. Using the correspondence between the low-lying states of the 2-flavor strongly coupled lattice Schwinger model and the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain established in a previous paper, we explicitly compute the mass gaps of the other excitations in terms of vacuum expectation values (v.e.v.'s) of powers of the Heisenberg Hamiltonian and spin-spin correlation functions. We find a satisfactory agreement with the results of the continuum theory already at the second order in the strong coupling expansion. We show that the pattern of symmetry breaking of the continuum theory is well reproduced by the lattice theory; we see indeed that in the lattice theory the isoscalar and isovector chiral condensates are zero to every order in the strong coupling expansion. In addition, we find that the chiral condensate $$ is non zero also on the lattice; th...

  20. Entanglement dynamics of a Heisenberg chain with Dzyaloshinski-Moriya interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng qiang; Zhang Xiao-Ping; Zhi Qi-Jun; Ren Zhong-Zhou

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the entanglement dynamics of the system,composed of two qubits A and B with Heisenberg XX spin interactation.There is a third controller qubit C,which only has Dzyaloshiuskii-Moriya (DM) spin-orbit interaction with the qubit B.It is found that depending on the initial state of the controller qubit C and DM interaction,the entanglement of the system displays amplification and sudden birth effects.These effects indicate that one can control the entanglement of the system,which may be helpful for quantum information processing.

  1. Slow quenches in XXZ spin-chains -- the role of Galilean invariance breaking

    OpenAIRE

    Chudzinski, P.

    2016-01-01

    We study a XXZ spin-chain in a gapless Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (TLL) phase with time dependent anisotropy of spin exchange interactions. To begin we focus on a linear ramp of $J_z$, starting at XX point and slowly increasing towards the anti-ferromagnetic Heisenberg point. Although the problem of a linear ramp in the TLL has been recently under intense scrutiny in a perturbative \\emph{g-ology} framework, an aspect that has been overlooked so far is the role of the Galilean invariance breaki...

  2. The spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg chain, the quantum algebra Uq[sl(2)], and duality transformations for minimal models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The finite-size spectra of the spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg chain with toroidal boundary conditions and an even number of sites provide a projection mechanism yielding the spectra of models with central charge cq[sl(2)] quantum algebra transformations. (author)

  3. Effects of Anisotropy on Pair-wise Entanglement of a Four-Qubit Heisenberg X X Z Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Min; ZHU Shi-Qun

    2006-01-01

    @@ The pair-wise thermal entanglement in a four-qubit Heisenberg XXZ chain is investigated to study the role of anisotropy when an external magnetic field is included. It is found that pair-wise entanglement is absent between nearest- and next-nearest neighbouring qubits with anisotropic parameter △≤ -1. For two nearest-neighbouring qubits, increasing the parameter can not only induce the entanglement, but also extend the entanglement region in terms of magnetic field B and temperature T. For two next-nearest-neighbouring qubits, increasing anisotropic parameter can shift the location of the entanglement and control the extent of the entanglement in terms of magnetic field at a finite temperature.

  4. Thermal entanglement and teleportation of a thermally mixed entangled state of a Heisenberg chain through a Werner state

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Li-Yuan; Fang Mao-Fa

    2008-01-01

    The thermal entanglement and teleportation of a thermally mixed entangled state of a two-qubit Heisenberg XXX chain under the Dzyaloshinski-Moriya (DM) anisotropic antisymmetric interaction through a noisy quantum channel given by a Werner state is investigated. The dependences of the thermal entanglement of the teleported state on the DM coupling constant, the temperature and the entanglement of the noisy quantum channel are studied in detail for both the ferromagnetic and the antiferromagnetic cases. The result shows that a minimum entanglement of the noisy quantum channel must be provided in order to realize the entanglement teleportation. The values of fidelity of the teleported state are also studied for these two cases. It is found that under certain conditions, we can transfer an initial state with a better fidelity than that for any classical communication protocol.

  5. Thermodynamics of spin- 1/2 antiferromagnet-antiferromagnet-ferromagnet and ferromagnet-ferromagnet-antiferromagnet trimerized quantum Heisenberg chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Bo; Su, Gang; Gao, Song

    2006-04-01

    The magnetization process, the susceptibility, and the specific heat of the spin- 1/2 antiferromagnet (AF)-AF-ferromagnet (F) and F-F-AF trimerized quantum Heisenberg chains have been investigated by means of the transfer matrix renormalization group (TMRG) technique as well as the modified spin-wave (MSW) theory. A magnetization plateau at m=1/6 for both trimerized chains is observed at low temperature. The susceptibility and the specific heat show various behaviors for different ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions and in different magnetic fields. The TMRG results of susceptibility and the specific heat can be nicely fitted by a linear superposition of double two-level systems, where two fitting equations are proposed. Three branch excitations, one gapless excitation and two gapful excitations, for both systems are found within the MSW theory. It is observed that the MSW theory captures the main characteristics of the thermodynamic behaviors at low temperatures. The TMRG results are also compared with the possible experimental data.

  6. Singular eigenstates in the even(odd) length Heisenberg spin chain

    CERN Document Server

    Giri, Pulak Ranjan

    2014-01-01

    Introducing a regularization scheme, we derive a set of equations for the rapidities of the singular solutions, whose distinct and self-conjugate solutions produce Bethe eigenstates. We obtain singular eigenstates and their corresponding eigenvalues of the transfer matrix of the spin-1/2 XXX chain. For an even length spin-1/2 XXX chain, we show that the singular solutions \\{\\lambda_\\alpha\\} are invariant under the sign changes of their rapidities, \\{\\lambda_\\alpha\\}=\\{-\\lambda_\\alpha\\}. For odd N length spin-1/2 chain in the three down-spin sector, it has been analytically shown that there exist singular solutions in any finite length of the spin chain of the form N= 3\\left(2k+1\\right) with k=1, 2, 3, \\cdots. It is also shown that there exist no singular solutions in the four down-spin sector for some odd length spin-1/2 XXX chains.

  7. Effect of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction on phase diagrams of spin-1 Heisenberg-Ising alternating chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guang-Hua; Dou, Jun-Ya; Lu, Peng

    2016-03-01

    The effect of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) on ground-state phase diagrams of spin-1 Heisenberg-Ising alternating chains is investigated by the infinite time-evolving block decimation method. Three rich phase diagrams for three cases with different DMIs are obtained and discussed systematically. The DMI on even bonds plays a key role in the ground-state phase diagram, especially the appearance of the Haldane phase. However, the DMI on odd bonds seems to have very weak effect on the phase diagram. Both the odd- and even-string orders become nonzero in the Haldane phase, and have their maximum values at θ = π. For the odd-dimer phase, the even-string correlator vanishes absolutely despite varying θ, but a double-peak structure of the odd-string correlator is observed. Odd-string correlator becomes maximum at θ = π / 2 and 3 π / 2, but vanishes at θ = π. It indicates that the generalized string correlator can be used to distinguish the odd-dimer from the Haldane phase. Doubly degenerate entanglement spectrum is observed in the Haldane phase, which can be regarded as a clear signature of the existence of topological orders. Strong enough transverse nearest-neighbor correlations are found to be very important for the appearance of the Haldane and the odd-dimer phases.

  8. Bethe-ansatz equations for quantum Heisenberg chains with elliptic exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Inozemtsev, V. I.

    1999-01-01

    The eigenvectors of the Hamiltonian ${\\cal H}_{N}$ of $N$-sites quantum spin chains with elliptic exchange are connected with the double Bloch meromorphic solutions of the quantum continuous elliptic Calogero-Moser problem. This fact allows one to find the eigenvectors via the solutions to the system of highly transcendental equations of Bethe-ansatz type which is presented in explicit form.

  9. Quantum phase transitions and string orders in the spin-1/2 Heisenberg-Ising alternating chain with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Guang-Hua; You, Wen-Long; Li, Wei; Su, Gang

    2015-01-01

    Quantum phase transitions (QPTs) and the ground-state phase diagram of the spin-1/2 Heisenberg-Ising alternating chain (HIAC) with uniform Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction are investigated by a matrix-product-state (MPS) method. By calculating the odd- and even-string order parameters, we recognize two kinds of Haldane phases, i.e., the odd- and even-Haldane phases. Furthermore, doubly degenerate entanglement spectra on odd and even bonds are observed in odd- and even-Haldane phases, re...

  10. Ultracold few fermionic atoms in needle-shaped double wells: spin chains and resonating spin clusters from microscopic Hamiltonians emulated via antiferromagnetic Heisenberg and t-J models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yannouleas, Constantine; Brandt, Benedikt B.; Landman, Uzi

    2016-07-01

    Advances with trapped ultracold atoms intensified interest in simulating complex physical phenomena, including quantum magnetism and transitions from itinerant to non-itinerant behavior. Here we show formation of antiferromagnetic ground states of few ultracold fermionic atoms in single and double well (DW) traps, through microscopic Hamiltonian exact diagonalization for two DW arrangements: (i) two linearly oriented one-dimensional, 1D, wells, and (ii) two coupled parallel wells, forming a trap of two-dimensional, 2D, nature. The spectra and spin-resolved conditional probabilities reveal for both cases, under strong repulsion, atomic spatial localization at extemporaneously created sites, forming quantum molecular magnetic structures with non-itinerant character. These findings usher future theoretical and experimental explorations into the highly correlated behavior of ultracold strongly repelling fermionic atoms in higher dimensions, beyond the fermionization physics that is strictly applicable only in the 1D case. The results for four atoms are well described with finite Heisenberg spin-chain and cluster models. The numerical simulations of three fermionic atoms in symmetric DWs reveal the emergent appearance of coupled resonating 2D Heisenberg clusters, whose emulation requires the use of a t-J-like model, akin to that used in investigations of high T c superconductivity. The highly entangled states discovered in the microscopic and model calculations of controllably detuned, asymmetric, DWs suggest three-cold-atom DW quantum computing qubits.

  11. Partial Teleportation of Entanglement Through Natural Thermal Entanglement in Two-Qubit Heisenberg ⅩⅩⅩ Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yong; LONG Gui-Lu; WU Yu-Chun; GUO Guang-Can

    2007-01-01

    Natural thermal entanglement between two qubits with ⅩⅩⅩ Heisenberg interaction is studied. For the antiferromagnet, increasing coupling strength or decreasing temperature under critical point increases the entanglement.Based on the thermal entanglement as quantum channel, entanglement and information of an input entangled state are transferred via partial teleportation. We find that the entanglement transferred will be lost during the process, and for the entanglement fidelity the partial teleportation is superior to classical communication as concurrence of entangled channel beyond 1/4. We show that both correlation information in input entangled state and individual information of the teleported particle are linearly dissipated. With more entanglement in quantum channel, more entanglement and correlation information can be transferred.

  12. The spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg chain, the quantum algebra U_q[sl(2)], and duality transformations for minimal models

    CERN Document Server

    Grimm, U; Grimm, Uwe; Schuetz, Gunter M.

    1993-01-01

    The finite-size scaling spectra of the spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg chain with toroidal boundary conditions and an even number of sites provide a projection mechanism yielding the spectra of models with a central charge c<1 including the unitary and non-unitary minimal series. Taking into account the half-integer angular momentum sectors - which correspond to chains with an odd number of sites - in many cases leads to new spinor operators appearing in the projected systems. These new sectors in the XXZ chain correspond to a new type of frustration lines in the projected minimal models. The corresponding new boundary conditions in the Hamiltonian limit are investigated for the Ising model and the 3-state Potts model and are shown to be related to duality transformations which are an additional symmetry at their self-dual critical point. By different ways of projecting systems we find models with the same central charge sharing the same operator content and modular invariant partition function which however diffe...

  13. Emergent behavioural phenotypes of swarming models revealed by mimicking a frustrated anti-ferromagnet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, D J G; Turner, M S

    2015-10-01

    Self-propelled particle (SPP) models are often compared with animal swarms. However, the collective animal behaviour observed in experiments often leaves considerable unconstrained freedom in the structure of a proposed model. Essentially, multiple models can describe the observed behaviour of animal swarms in simple environments. To tackle this degeneracy, we study swarms of SPPs in non-trivial environments as a new approach to distinguish between candidate models. We restrict swarms of SPPs to circular (periodic) channels where they polarize in one of two directions (like spins) and permit information to pass through windows between neighbouring channels. Co-alignment between particles then couples the channels (anti-ferromagnetically) so that they tend to counter-rotate. We study channels arranged to mimic a geometrically frustrated anti-ferromagnet and show how the effects of this frustration allow us to better distinguish between SPP models. Similar experiments could therefore improve our understanding of collective motion in animals. Finally, we discuss how the spin analogy can be exploited to construct universal logic gates, and therefore swarming systems that can function as Turing machines. PMID:26423438

  14. Quantum phase transitions and string orders in the spin-1/2 Heisenberg-Ising alternating chain with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guang-Hua; You, Wen-Long; Li, Wei; Su, Gang

    2015-04-29

    Quantum phase transitions (QPTs) and the ground-state phase diagram of the spin-1/2 Heisenberg-Ising alternating chain (HIAC) with uniform Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction are investigated by a matrix-product-state (MPS) method. By calculating the odd- and even-string order parameters, we recognize two kinds of Haldane phases, i.e. the odd- and even-Haldane phases. Furthermore, doubly degenerate entanglement spectra on odd and even bonds are observed in odd- and even-Haldane phases, respectively. A rich phase diagram including four different phases, i.e. an antiferromagnetic (AF), AF stripe, odd- and even-Haldane phases, is obtained. These phases are found to be separated by continuous QPTs: the topological QPT between the odd- and even-Haldane phases is verified to be continuous and corresponds to conformal field theory with central charge c = 1; while the rest of the phase transitions in the phase diagram are found to be c = 1/2. We also revisit, with our MPS method, the exactly solvable case of HIAC model with DM interactions only on odd bonds and find that the even-Haldane phase disappears, but the other three phases, i.e. the AF, AF stripe and odd-Haldane phases, still remain in the phase diagram. We exhibit the evolution of the even-Haldane phase by tuning the DM interactions on the even bonds gradually.

  15. Quantum phase transitions and string orders in the spin-1/2 Heisenberg-Ising alternating chain with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guang-Hua; You, Wen-Long; Li, Wei; Su, Gang

    2015-04-01

    Quantum phase transitions (QPTs) and the ground-state phase diagram of the spin-1/2 Heisenberg-Ising alternating chain (HIAC) with uniform Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction are investigated by a matrix-product-state (MPS) method. By calculating the odd- and even-string order parameters, we recognize two kinds of Haldane phases, i.e. the odd- and even-Haldane phases. Furthermore, doubly degenerate entanglement spectra on odd and even bonds are observed in odd- and even-Haldane phases, respectively. A rich phase diagram including four different phases, i.e. an antiferromagnetic (AF), AF stripe, odd- and even-Haldane phases, is obtained. These phases are found to be separated by continuous QPTs: the topological QPT between the odd- and even-Haldane phases is verified to be continuous and corresponds to conformal field theory with central charge c = 1 while the rest of the phase transitions in the phase diagram are found to be c = 1/2. We also revisit, with our MPS method, the exactly solvable case of HIAC model with DM interactions only on odd bonds and find that the even-Haldane phase disappears, but the other three phases, i.e. the AF, AF stripe and odd-Haldane phases, still remain in the phase diagram. We exhibit the evolution of the even-Haldane phase by tuning the DM interactions on the even bonds gradually.

  16. Anti-ferromagnetism through Mn doping in topological insulator Bi2Se3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maurya, V. K.; Yadav, P. K.; Patnaik, S.

    2015-06-01

    Bi2Se3 is a well-known Topological Insulator made of quintuple layers of Bi-Se-Bi-Se-Bi stacked with the Van-der-Waals forces which makes it a good accepter of doping at two places; Bi sites and interlayer gaps. In this paper we report the synthesis and characterization of single crystals of Mn doped Bi2Se3. SEM analysis confirms layered structure. Resistivity and Hall measurements have been done to determine charge carrier density and Hall coefficient. Susceptibility data is well fitted to the Curie-Weiss law within the transition range (5K to 125 K). A negative value of ΘP is indicative of weak anti-ferromagnetic correlation with low Mn doping.

  17. Approximation algorithms for two-state anti-ferromagnetic spin systems on bounded degree graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Sinclair, Alistair; Thurley, Marc

    2011-01-01

    In a seminal paper (Weitz, 2006), Weitz gave a deterministic fully polynomial approximation scheme for counting exponentially weighted independent sets (which is the same as approximating the partition function of the hard-core model from statistical physics) in graphs of degree at most d, up to the critical activity for the uniqueness of the Gibbs measure on the infinite d-regular tree. More recently Sly (see also Galanis et al, 2011) showed that this is optimal in the sense that if there is an FPRAS for the hard-core partition function on graphs of maximum degree d for activities larger than the critical activity on the infinite d-regular tree then NP = RP. In this paper we extend Weitz's approach to derive a deterministic fully polynomial approximation scheme for the partition function of general two-state anti-ferromagnetic spin systems on graphs of maximum degree d, up to the corresponding critical point on the d-regular tree. The main ingredient of our result is a proof that for two-state anti-ferromagn...

  18. HEISENBERG'S INEQUALITY AND LOGARITHMIC HEISENBERG'S INEQUALITY FOR AMBIGUITY FUNCTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian Guji

    2000-01-01

    In this article we discuss the relation between Heisenberg's inequality and logarithmic Heisenberg's (entropy) inequality for ambiguity function. After building up a Heisenberg's inequality, we obtain a connection of variance with entropy by variational method. Using classical Taylor's expansion, we prove that the equality in Heisenberg's inequality holds if and only if the entropy of 2k - 1 order is equal to (2k - 1)!.

  19. An effective mean field theory for the coexistence of anti-ferromagnetism and superconductivity: Applications to iron-based superconductors and cold Bose-Fermi atomic mixtures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brackett, Jeremy; Newman, Joseph; De Silva, Theja N.

    2016-10-01

    We study an effective fermion model on a square lattice to investigate the cooperation and competition of superconductivity and anti-ferromagnetism. In addition to particle tunneling and on-site interaction, a bosonic excitation mediated attractive interaction is also included in the model. We assume that the attractive interaction is mediated by spin fluctuations and excitations of Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) in electronic systems and Bose-Fermi mixtures on optical lattices, respectively. Using an effective mean-field theory to treat both superconductivity and anti-ferromagnetism at equal footing, we study a single effective model relevant for both systems within the Landau energy functional approach and a linearized theory. Within our approaches, we find possible co-existence of superconductivity and anti-ferromagnetism for both electronic and cold-atomic models. Our linearized theory shows while spin fluctuations favor d-wave superconductivity and BEC excitations favor s-wave superconductivity.

  20. Impurity modes in the one-dimensional XXZ Heisenberg model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sousa, J.M. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Campus Ministro Petrônio Portella, 57072-970 Teresina, Piauí (Brazil); Leite, R.V. [Centro de Ciências Exatas e Tecnologia, Curso de Física, Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú, Av. Dr. Guarany 317, Campus Cidao, 62040-730 Sobral, Ceará (Brazil); Landim, R.R. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Caixa Postal 6030, Campus do Pici, 60455-760 Fortaleza, Ceará (Brazil); Costa Filho, R.N., E-mail: rai@fisica.ufc.br [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Caixa Postal 6030, Campus do Pici, 60455-760 Fortaleza, Ceará (Brazil)

    2014-04-01

    A Green's function formalism is used to calculate the energy of impurity modes associated with one and/or two magnetic impurities in the one-dimensional Heisenberg XXZ magnetic chain. The system can be tuned from the Heisenberg to the Ising model varying a parameter λ. A numerical study is performed showing two types of localized modes (s and p). The modes depend on λ and the degeneracy of the acoustic modes is broken.

  1. Integrability and soliton solutions for an inhomogeneous generalized fourth-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation describing the inhomogeneous alpha helical proteins and Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin chains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For describing the dynamics of alpha helical proteins with internal molecular excitations, nonlinear couplings between lattice vibrations and molecular excitations, and spin excitations in one-dimensional isotropic biquadratic Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin with the octupole–dipole interactions, we consider an inhomogeneous generalized fourth-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Based on the Ablowitz–Kaup–Newell–Segur system, infinitely many conservation laws for the equation are derived. Through the auxiliary function, bilinear forms and N-soliton solutions for the equation are obtained. Interactions of solitons are discussed by means of the asymptotic analysis. Effects of linear inhomogeneity on the interactions of solitons are also investigated graphically and analytically. Since the inhomogeneous coefficient of the equation h=α x+β, the soliton takes on the parabolic profile during the evolution. Soliton velocity is related to the parameter α, distance scale coefficient and biquadratic exchange coefficient, but has no relation with the parameter β. Soliton amplitude and width are only related to α. Soliton position is related to β

  2. Heisenberg necklace model in a magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsvelik, A. M.; Zaliznyak, I. A.

    2016-08-01

    We study the low-energy sector of the Heisenberg necklace model. Using the field-theory methods, we estimate how the coupling of the electronic spins with the paramagnetic Kondo spins affects the overall spin dynamics and evaluate its dependence on a magnetic field. We are motivated by the experimental realizations of the spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains in SrCuO2 and Sr2CuO3 cuprates, which remain one-dimensional Luttinger liquids down to temperatures much lower than the in-chain exchange coupling J . We consider the perturbation of the energy spectrum caused by the interaction γ with nuclear spins (I =3 /2 ) present on the same sites. We find that the resulting necklace model has a characteristic energy scale, Λ ˜J1 /3(γI ) 2 /3 , at which the coupling between (nuclear) spins of the necklace and the spins of the Heisenberg chain becomes strong. This energy scale is insensitive to a magnetic field B . For μBB >Λ we find two gapless bosonic modes that have different velocities, whose ratio at strong fields approaches a universal number, √{2 }+1 .

  3. HEISENBERG'S INEQUALITY IN SOBOLEV SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Using the correspondence between psedodifferential operator and its symbol,the authors obtain Heisenberg's inequality in Sobolev spaces and therefore a kind of quantitative representation of uncertainty principle.

  4. Exact quantum numbers of collapsed and non-collapsed two-string solutions in the spin-1/2 Heisenberg spin chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deguchi, Tetsuo; Ranjan Giri, Pulak

    2016-04-01

    Every solution of the Bethe-ansatz equations (BAEs) is characterized by a set of quantum numbers, by which we can evaluate it numerically. However, no general rule is known how to give quantum numbers for the physical solutions of BAE. For the spin-1/2 XXX chain we rigorously derive all the quantum numbers for the complete set of the Bethe-ansatz eigenvectors in the two down-spin sector with any chain length N. Here we obtain them both for real and complex solutions. We also show that all the solutions associated with them are distinct. Consequently, we prove the completeness of the Bethe ansatz and give an exact expression for the number of real solutions which correspond to collapsed bound-state solutions (i.e., two-string solutions) in the sector: 2[(N-1)/2-(N/π ){{tan}}-1(\\sqrt{N-1})] in terms of Gauss’ symbol. Moreover, we prove in the sector the scheme conjectured by Takahashi for solving BAE systematically. We also suggest that by applying the present method we can derive the quantum numbers for the spin-1/2 XXZ chain.

  5. Combined study of Schwinger-boson mean-field theory and linearized tensor renormalization group on Heisenberg ferromagnetic mixed spin (S, σ chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Yan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Schwinger-boson mean-field theory (SBMFT and the linearized tensor renormalization group (LTRG methods are complementarily applied to explore the thermodynamics of the quantum ferromagnetic mixed spin (S, σ chains. It is found that the system has double excitations, i.e. a gapless and a gapped excitation; the low-lying spectrum can be approximated by ω k ∼ S σ 2 ( S + σ J k 2 with J the ferromagnetic coupling; and the gap between the two branches is estimated to be △ ∼ J. The Bose-Einstein condensation indicates a ferromagnetic ground state with magnetization m tot z = N ( S + σ . At low temperature, the spin correlation length is inversely proportional to temperature (T, the susceptibility behaviors as χ = a 1 ∗ 1 T 2 + a 2 ∗ 1 T , and the specific heat has the form of C = c 1 ∗ T − c 2 ∗ T + c 3 ∗ T 3 2 , with ai (i = 1, 2 and ci (i = 1, 2, 3 the temperature independent constants. The SBMFT results are shown to be in qualitatively agreement with those by the LTRG numerical calculations for S = 1 and σ = 1/2. A comparison of the LTRG results with the experimental data of the model material MnIINiII(NO24(en2(en = ethylenediamine, is made, in which the coupling parameters of the compound are obtained. This study provides useful information for deeply understanding the physical properties of quantum ferromagnetic mixed spin chain materials.

  6. Volume and structural study of Fe{sub 64}Mn{sub 36} anti-ferromagnetic Invar alloy under high pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsushita, M., E-mail: matsushita@eng.ehime-u.ac.j [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University, 3-Bunkyocho, Matsuyama 790-0826 (Japan); Nakano, S. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Ohfuji, H. [Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, 2-Bunkyocho, Matsuyama 790-0826 (Japan); Yamada, I. [Department of Chemistry and Biology, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University, 2-Bunkyocho, Matsuyama 790-0826 (Japan); Kikegawa, T. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan)

    2011-03-15

    We have investigated the pressure variation of the volume and structure of an FCC Fe{sub 64}Mn{sub 36} anti-ferromagnetic Invar alloy. The inclination of the pressure-volume (P-V) curve of the FCC structure becomes discontinuous at a pressure of 4 GPa. According to the bulk modulus at zero pressure estimated by the Birch-Murnaghan equation of state, the pressure between 4 and 10 GPa is 33 GPa larger than that at a pressure below 4 GPa. Considering previous experiments on magnetism at high pressure the Neel temperature at 4 GPa almost decreases to room temperature. These results suggest that the increase in the bulk modulus by 33 GPa can be attributed to the pressure-induced magnetic phase transition from anti-ferromagnetism to paramagnetism. Volume at zero pressure was estimated using the Birch-Murnaghan equation of state. The volume of FCC structure in the anti-ferromagnetic state was 1.17% larger than the volume in the paramagnetic state, namely, the spontaneous magnetostriction was 1.17%. Pressure-induced structural transition from FCC to HCP occurs with an increase in the pressure, especially at up to 5 GPa. The value of c/a is 1.62; this value almost corresponds to that of an ideal HCP structure. The bulk modulus of the HCP structure estimated by the Birch-Murnaghan equation of state is larger than that of the FCC structure, and the volume/atom ratio is smaller than that of the FCC structure. - Research highlights: > We have investigated the pressure variation of volume and structure of FCC Fe{sub 64}Mn{sub 36} alloy. > We discovered that the change in inclination of the pressure-volume (P-V) curve of the FCC structure becomes discontinuous at a pressure of 4 GPa. This pressure corresponds to the Neel temperature, which decreases down to room temperature. > Further we estimated bulk modulus and volume at zero pressure using the Birch-Murnaghan equation of state. As a result, we have demonstrated that anti-ferromagnetism has very close relationship with the

  7. Fermi, Heisenberg y Lawrence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ynduráin, Francisco J.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    Los azares de las onomásticas hacen coincidir en este año el centenario del nacimiento de tres de los más grandes físicos del siglo XX. Dos de ellos, Fermi y Heisenberg, dejaron una marca fundamental en la ciencia (ambos, pero sobre todo el segundo y, el primero, también en la tecnología. Lawrence, indudablemente de un nivel inferior al de los otros dos, estuvo sin embargo en el origen de uno de los desarrollos tecnológicos que han sido básicos para la exploración del universo subnuclear en la segunda mitad del siglo que ha terminado hace poco, el de los aceleradores de partículas.

  8. Gapless chiral spin liquid in a kagome Heisenberg model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieri, Samuel; Messio, Laura; Bernu, Bernard; Lhuillier, Claire

    2015-08-01

    Motivated by recent experiments on the Heisenberg S =1 /2 quantum spin liquid candidate material kapellasite, we classify all possible chiral (time-reversal symmetry breaking) spin liquids with fermionic spinons on the kagome lattice. We obtain the phase diagram for the physically relevant extended Heisenberg model, comparing the energies of a wide range of microscopic variational wave functions. We propose that, at low temperature, kapellasite exhibits a gapless chiral spin liquid phase with spinon Fermi surfaces. This two-dimensional state inherits many properties of the nearby one-dimensional phase of decoupled antiferromagnetic spin chains, but also shows some remarkable differences. We discuss the spin structure factors and other physical properties.

  9. Heisenberg symmetry and hypermultiplet manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Antoniadis, Ignatios; Petropoulos, P Marios; Siampos, Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    We study the emergence of Heisenberg (Bianchi II) algebra in hyper-K\\"ahler and quaternionic spaces. This is motivated by the r\\^ole these spaces with this symmetry play in $\\mathcal{N}=2$ hypermultiplet scalar manifolds. We show how to construct related pairs of hyper-K\\"ahler and quaternionic spaces under general symmetry assumptions, the former being a zooming-in limit of the latter at vanishing cosmological constant. We further apply this method for the two hyper-K\\"ahler spaces with Heisenberg algebra, which is reduced to $U(1)\\times U(1)$ at the quaternionic level. We also show that no quaternionic spaces exist with a strict Heisenberg symmetry -- as opposed to $\\text{Heisenberg} \\ltimes U(1)$. We finally discuss the realization of the latter by gauging appropriate $Sp(2,4)$ generators in $\\mathcal{N}=2$ conformal supergravity.

  10. Type-I integrable quantum impurities in the Heisenberg model

    CERN Document Server

    Doikou, Anastasia

    2013-01-01

    Type-I quantum impurities are investigated in the context of the integrable Heisenberg model. This type of defects is associated to the (q)-harmonic oscillator algebra. The transmission matrices associated to this particular type of defects are computed via the Bethe ansatz methodology for the XXX model, as well as for the critical and non-critical XXZ spin chain. In the attractive regime of the critical XXZ spin chain the transmission amplitudes for the breathers are also identified.

  11. Ionothermal synthesis of open-framework metal phosphates with a Kagome lattice network exhibiting canted anti-ferromagnetism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Guangmei [Ruhr-Universitat Bochum; Valldor, Martin [Max Plank Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Dresden, Germany; Mallick, Bert [Ruhr Universitat Bochum; Mudring, Anja-Verena [Ames Laboratory

    2014-01-01

    Four open-framework transition-metal phosphates; (NH4)2Co3(HPO4)2F4 (1), (NH4)Co3(HPO4)2(H2PO4)F2 (2), KCo3(HPO4)2(H2PO4)F2 (3), and KFe3(HPO4)2(H2PO4)F2 (4); are prepared by ionothermal synthesis using pyridinium hexafluorophosphate as the ionic liquid. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that the four compounds contain cobalt/iron–oxygen/fluoride layers with Kagomé topology composed of interlinked face-sharing MO3F3/MO4F2 octahedra. PO3OH pseudo-tetrahedral groups augment the [M3O6F4] (1)/[M3O8F2] layers on both sides to give M3(HPO4)2F4 (1) and M3(HPO4)2F2 (2–4) layers. These layers are stacked along the a axis in a sequence AA…, resulting in the formation of a layer structure for (NH4)2Co3(HPO4)2F4(1). In NH4Co3(HPO4)2(H2PO4)F2 and KM3(HPO4)2(H2PO4)F2, the M3(HPO4)2F2 layers are stacked along the a axis in a sequence AAi… and are connected by [PO3(OH)] tetrahedra, giving rise to a 3-D open framework structure with 10-ring channels along the [001] direction. The negative charges of the inorganic framework are balanced by K+/NH4+ ions located within the channels. The magnetic transition metal cations themselves form layers with stair-case Kagomé topology. Magnetic susceptibility and magnetization measurements reveal that all four compounds exhibit a canted anti-ferromagnetic ground state (Tc = 10 or 13 K for Co and Tc = 27 K for Fe) with different canting angles. The full orbital moment is observed for both Co2+ and Fe2+.

  12. Cosmological implications of Heisenberg's principle

    CERN Document Server

    Gonzalo, Julio A

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this book is to analyze the all important implications of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle for a finite universe with very large mass-energy content such as ours. The earlier and main contributors to the formulation of Quantum Mechanics are briefly reviewed regarding the formulation of Heisenberg's Principle. After discussing “indeterminacy” versus ”uncertainty”, the universal constants of physics are reviewed and Planck's units are given. Next, a novel set of units, Heisenberg–Lemaitre units, are defined in terms of the large finite mass of the universe. With the help of Heisenberg's principle, the time evolution of the finite zero-point energy for the universe is investigated quantitatively. Next, taking advantage of the rigorous solutions of Einstein's cosmological equation for a flat, open and mixed universe of finite mass, the most recent and accurate data on the “age” (to) and the expansion rate (Ho) of the universe and their implications are reconsidered.

  13. Werner Heisenberg - Life and Work

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Werner Heisenberg (centre) with Wolfgang Pauli (left) and Enrico Fermi on Lake Como, September 1927. An exhibition on the life and work of Werner Heisenberg will be on display in the Main Building (Mezzanine) at CERN from 1 - 23 July. The exhibition was produced by the University Archive of Leipzig University (Gerald Wiemers) and the Max-Planck-Institut für Physik in Munich (Helmut Rechenberg) to mark the centenary of Heisenberg's birth in 1901. German theoretical physicist Werner Karl Heisenberg (5 December 1901 - 1 February 1976) was one of the leading scientists of the 20th century. He carried out important work in nuclear and particle physics, but his most significant contribution was to the development of quantum mechanics. He is best known for his uncertainty principle, which restricts the accuracy with which some properties of atoms and particles - such as position and linear momentum - can be determined simultaneously. In 1932 he was awarded the Noble Prize in Physics 'for the creation of q...

  14. Werner Heisenberg - Life and Work

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Werner Heisenberg (centre) with Wolfgang Pauli and Enrico Fermi, 1927. An exhibition on the life and work of Werner Heisenberg will be on display in the Main Building (Mezzanine) at CERN from 1 - 30 July*. German theoretical physicist Werner Karl Heisenberg (1901 - 1976) was one of the leading scientists of the 20th century. Nobel Prize in Physics in 1932, his most significant contribution was to the development of quantum mechanics. He is best known for his uncertainty principle, which restricts the accuracy with which some properties of atoms and particles can be determined simultaneously. Heisenberg was a keen supporter of CERN, and was as the first chairman of CERN's Scientific Policy Committee in October 1954. A related celebration will take place in the TH Amphitheatre (4/3-006), on Thursday 18 July at 16:00. After an introduction from the Director-General Luciano Maiani, his daughter, Barbara Blum, his last postgraduate, Helmut Rechenberg and Valentin Telegdi will evoke memories of the life and work ...

  15. Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976)

    CERN Document Server

    Todorov, I

    2005-01-01

    A brief review of Heisenberg's life and work: participating in the youth movement in the aftermath of World War I, creating quantum mechanics, conflict with "deutsche Physik", involvement in "Hitler's Uranium Project", last illusions. Problems and dilemmas for scientists under a dictatorship - East and West.

  16. Heisenberg and the nazi uranium project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author analyzes Heisenberg's scientific activities during Word War II and the background of his meeting with Bohr at Copenhagen in 1941. It is pointed out that, although Heisenberg was responsible for the Nazi uranium project, he did not actually take an active part in the research and manufacture of atomic bombs for the Nazi

  17. Revisiting Riesz transforms on Heisenberg groups

    CERN Document Server

    Sanjay, P K

    2011-01-01

    We characterise higher order Riesz transforms on the Heisenberg group and also show that they satisfy dimension-free bounds under some assumptions on the multipliers. Using transfer- ence theorems, we deduce boundedness theorems for Riesz trans- forms on the reduced Heisenberg group and hence also for the Riesz transforms associated to multiple Hermite and Laguerre ex- pansions.

  18. Remarkable red-shift of upconversion luminescence and anti-ferromagnetic coupling in NaLuF4:Yb3+/Tm3+/Gd3+/Sm3+ bifunctional microcrystals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡仕刚; 刘云新; 吴笑峰; 唐志军; 李志明; 颜焕元; 陈增辉; 胡盼; 余意

    2016-01-01

    Lanthanide doped bifunctional materials are potentially important for developing multifunctional devices. Here, NaLuF4:Yb3+/Tm3+/Gd3+/Sm3+ optical-magnetic bifunctional microcrystals were successfully synthesized by hydrothermal method, which could emit ~480 nm blue light from the1G4→3H6 electronic transition and ~800 nm infrared light from the3H4→3H6electronic transition of Tm3+ ion, under the excitation of 980 nm infrared light. By doping Sm3+ ion into NaLuF4:Yb3+/Tm3+/Gd3+, the infrared emission peak centered at 800 nm would shift obviously to longer wavelength. This indicated that Sm3+ ion could efficiently tune the energy level gaps of Tm3+ ions in NaLuF4 host which was demonstrated based on the crystal field theory. In addition, these NaLuF4:Yb3+/Tm3+/Gd3+/Sm3+ microcrystals presented unique ferromagnetic property instead of usually reported paramagnetic prop-erty. Importantly, the ferromagnetic property decreased with increasing the concentration of Gd3+ ion. This was in good agreement with Swift’s theoretical investigation that the coexistence of light rare earth (Gd3+) and heavy rare earth (Yb3+/Tm3+) would lead to the anti-ferromagnetic coupling in the sub-lattices.

  19. Measurement of high frequency conductivity of oxide-doped anti-ferromagnetic thin film with a near-field scanning microwave microscope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Wu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this manuscript, we describe how the map of high frequency conductivity distribution of an oxide-doped anti-ferromagnetic 200 nm thin film can be obtained from the quality factor (Q measured by a near-field scanning microwave microscope (NSMM. Finite element analysis (FEA is employed to simulate the NSMM tip-sample interaction and obtain a curve related between the simulated quality factor (Q and conductivity. The curve is calibrated by a standard Cu thin film with thickness of 200 nm, together with NSMM measured Q of Ag, Au, Fe, Cr and Ti thin films. The experimental conductivity obtained by the NSMM for IrMn thin films with various doped concentrations of Al2O3 is found consistent with conventional voltammetry measurement in the same tendency. That conductivity decreases as the content of doped Al2O3 increases. The results and images obtained demonstrate that NSMM can be employed in thin film analysis for characterization of local electrical properties of materials in a non-destructive manner and for obtaining a map of conductivity distribution on the same film.

  20. Simulation of time-dependent Heisenberg models in one dimension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Volosniev, A. G.; Hammer, H. -W.; Zinner, N. T.

    2016-01-01

    In this Letter, we provide a theoretical analysis of strongly interacting quantum systems confined by a time-dependent external potential in one spatial dimension. We show that such systems can be used to simulate spin chains described by Heisenberg Hamiltonians in which the exchange coupling...... constants can be manipulated by time-dependent driving of the shape of the external confinement. As illustrative examples, we consider a harmonic trapping potential with a variable frequency and an infinite square well potential with a time-dependent barrier in the middle....

  1. Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chen Ning

    2013-05-01

    Werner Heisenberg was one of the greatest physicists of all times. When he started out as a young research worker, the world of physics was in a very confused and frustrating state, which Abraham Pais has described1 as: It was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair using Charles Dickens' words in A Tale of Two Cities. People were playing a guessing game: There were from time to time great triumphs in proposing, through sheer intuition, make-shift schemes that amazingly explained some regularities in spectral physics, leading to joy. But invariably such successes would be followed by further work which reveal the inconsistency or inadequacy of the new scheme, leading to despair...

  2. Chaotic Inflation in Supergravity with Heisenberg Symmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Antusch, Stefan; Dutta, Koushik; King, Steve F; Kostka, Philipp M

    2009-01-01

    We propose the introduction of a Heisenberg symmetry of the Kahler potential to solve the problems with chaotic inflation in supergravity, as a viable alternative to the use of shift symmetry. The slope of the inflaton potential emerges from a small Heisenberg symmetry breaking term in the superpotential. The modulus field of the Heisenberg symmetry is stabilized and made heavy with the help of the large vacuum energy density during inflation. The observable predictions are indistinguishable from those of typical chaotic inflation models, however the form of the inflationary superpotential considered here may be interpreted in terms of sneutrino inflation arising from certain classes of string theory.

  3. A Unified Treatment for XXX-Heisenberg Model and Haldane-Shastry Model Using Shift Operators

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, J L; Xue, K; Zhao, X G; Chen, Jing-Ling; Ge, Mo-Lin; Xue, Kang; Zhao, Xian-Geng

    2000-01-01

    A unified treatment is developed for the XXX-Heisenberg model and a long-ranged interaction model (the $H_2$ in Haldane-Shastry model) from the point of view of shift operators (or raising and lowering operators), based on which the energy spectra of the spin-chain models are determined. Some physical discussions are also made.

  4. Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relations and Quantum Optics

    OpenAIRE

    Agarwal, G. S.

    2002-01-01

    We present a brief review of the impact of the Heisenberg uncertainty relations on quantum optics. In particular we demonstrate how almost all coherent and nonclassical states of quantum optics can be derived from uncertainty relations.

  5. Angular Operators Violating the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

    CERN Document Server

    Pereira, Tiago

    2008-01-01

    The description of a quantum system in terms of angle variables may violate Heisenberg uncertainty principle. The familiar case is the azimutal angle $\\phi$ and its canonical moment $L_z$. Although this problem was foreseen almost a century ago, up to the present days there are no criteria to precisely characterize the violation. In this paper, we present a theorem which provides necessary and sufficient conditions for the violation of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. We illustrate our results with analytical examples.

  6. Pairwise entanglement and local polarization of Heisenberg model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The characteristics of pairwise entanglement and local polarization (LP) are dis-cussed by studying the ground state (states) of the Heisenberg XX model. The re-sults show that: the ground state (states) is (are) composed of the micro states with the minimal polarization (0 for even qubit and 1/2 for odd qubit); LP and the prob-ability of the micro state have an intimate relation, i.e. the stronger the LP, the smaller the probability, and the same LP corresponds to the same probability; the pairwise entanglement of the ground state is the biggest in all eigenvectors. It is found that the pairwise entanglement is decreased by the state degeneracy and the system size. The concurrence approaches a fixed value of about 0.3412 (for odd-qubit chain) or 0.3491 (for even-qubit chain) if the qubit number is large enough.

  7. 超导体的超导电性和反铁磁性共存的研究%Study of Coexistence of Anti-ferromagnetism and Superconductivity of Superconductors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芬芬; 梁承红; 张勇; 邢红宏

    2012-01-01

    The coexistence of anti-ferromagnetism and superconductivity of superconductors were investigated in a renormalized mean field theory based on the Gutzwiller variational approach in the two dimensions hole-doped t-t'-J -U model. The effects on the coexistence were discussed. The anti-ferromagnetic order coexists with the d-wave superconductivity in the under doped region below the doping δ≤0. 1. The anti - ferromagnetism orders are greatly enhanced with the increasing of the next-nearest-neighbor hopping (t'). The superconductivity order are slightly suppressed by t' in under doped regions and enhanced in over doped, so the coexistence extends to the larger one. The ground state energy of the coexistent state is always lower than that of the pure superconductivity state.%在二维空穴掺杂t-t′-J-U模型和重整化平均场理论的框架下,用Gutzwiller方法研究了Gossamer超导体的超导电性和反铁磁性的共存,探讨了电子次近邻跃迁对共存的影响,发现在掺杂浓度δ≤0.1的欠掺杂区反铁磁序和超导序共存.随着电子次近邻跃迁的增大,反铁磁序得到增强,超导序参数在欠掺杂区域受到抑制,在过掺杂区明显地得到增强,导致反铁磁序和超导序共存区域变大.超导序和反铁磁序共存的状态比纯粹的超导态能量低,共存状态更稳定.

  8. Sigma Model Lagrangian for the Heisenberg Group

    CERN Document Server

    Baaquie, Belal E; Baaquie, Belal E.; Kean, Yim Kok

    2005-01-01

    We study the Lagrangian for a sigma model based on the non-compact Heisenberg group. A unique feature of this model -- unlike the case for compact Lie groups -- is that the definition of the Lagrangian has to be regulated since the trace over the Heisenberg group is otherwise divergent. The resulting theory is a real Lagrangian with a quartic interaction term. After a few non-trivial transformations, the Lagrangian is shown to be equivalent -- at the classical level -- to a complex cubic Lagrangian. A one loop computation shows that the quartic and cubic Lagrangians are equivalent at the quantum level as well. The complex Lagrangian is known to classically equivalent to the SU(2) sigma model, with the equivalence breaking down at the quantum level. An explanation of this well known results emerges from the properties of the Heisenberg sigma model.

  9. Dielectric relaxation and anti-ferromagnetic coupling of BiEuO{sub 3} and BiGdO{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saha, Sujoy, E-mail: sahasujoy3@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India); Chanda, Sadhan; Dutta, Alo [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India); Kumar, Uday [Department of Physical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Mohanpur 741252 (India); Ranjan, Rajeev [Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Sinha, T.P. [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India)

    2014-06-01

    BiEuO{sub 3} (BE) and BiGdO{sub 3} (BG) are synthesized by the solid-state reaction technique. Rietveld refinement of the X-ray diffraction data shows that the samples are crystallized in cubic phase at room temperature having Fm3m symmetry with the lattice parameters of 5.4925(2) and 5.4712(2) Å for BE and BG, respectively. Raman spectra of the samples are investigated to obtain the phonon modes of the samples. The dielectric properties of the samples are investigated in the frequency range from 42 Hz to 1.1 MHz and in the temperature range from 303 K to 673 K. An analysis of the real and imaginary parts of impedance is performed assuming a distribution of relaxation times as confirmed by the Cole–Cole plots. The frequency-dependent maxima in the loss tangent are found to obey an Arrhenius law with activation energy ∼1 eV for both the samples. The frequency-dependent electrical data are also analyzed in the framework of conductivity formalism. Magnetization of the samples are measured under the field cooled (FC) and zero field cooled (ZFC) modes in the temperature range from 5 K to 300 K applying a magnetic field of 500 Oe. The FC and ZFC susceptibilities show that BE is a Van Vleck paramagnetic material with antiferromagnetic coupling at low temperature whereas BG is an anti-ferromagnetic system. The results are substantiated by the M–H loops of the materials taken at 5 K in the ZFC mode. - Highlights: • BiEuO{sub 3} (BE) and BiGdO{sub 3} (BG) are synthesized by the solid-state reaction technique. • Raman spectra of the samples show five vibrational modes for both the samples. • Cole–Cole model is used to explain the dielectric relaxation in the material. • The activation energy of the material is found to be ∼1 eV.

  10. More on generalized Heisenberg ferromagnet models

    CERN Document Server

    Oh, P; Oh, Phillial; Park, Q Han

    1996-01-01

    We generalize the integrable Heisenberg ferromagnet model according to each Hermitian symmetric spaces and address various new aspects of the generalized model. Using the first order formalism of generalized spins which are defined on the coadjoint orbits of arbitrary groups, we construct a Lagrangian of the generalized model from which we obtain the Hamiltonian structure explicitly in the case of CP(N-1) orbit. The gauge equivalence between the generalized Heisenberg ferromagnet and the nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger models is given. Using the equivalence, we find infinitely many conserved integrals of both models.

  11. Classifying tight Weyl-Heisenberg frames

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cazsazza, P.; Janssen, A. J. E. M.; Christensen, Ole

    1999-01-01

    A Weyl-Heisenberg frame for L^2(R) is a frame consisting of translates and modulates of a fixed function. In this paper we give necessary and sufficient conditions for this family to form a tight WH-frame. This allows us to write down explicitly all functions g for which all translates...

  12. Heisenberg algebra and a graphical calculus

    OpenAIRE

    Khovanov, Mikhail

    2010-01-01

    A new calculus of planar diagrams involving diagrammatics for biadjoint functors and degenerate affine Hecke algebras is introduced. The calculus leads to an additive monoidal category whose Grothendieck ring contains an integral form of the Heisenberg algebra in infinitely many variables. We construct bases of vector spaces of morphisms between products of generating objects in this category.

  13. Heisenberg algebra for noncommutative Landau problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Kang; Cao Xiao-Hua; Wang Dong-Yan

    2006-01-01

    The Landau problem on non-commutative quantum mechanics is studied, where the Heisenberg algebra and the Landau energy levels as well as the non-commutative angular momentum are constructed in detail in non-commutative space and non-commutative phase space respectively.

  14. Heisenberg XXX Model with General Boundaries: Eigenvectors from Algebraic Bethe Ansatz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Belliard

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We propose a generalization of the algebraic Bethe ansatz to obtain the eigenvectors of the Heisenberg spin chain with general boundaries associated to the eigenvalues and the Bethe equations found recently by Cao et al. The ansatz takes the usual form of a product of operators acting on a particular vector except that the number of operators is equal to the length of the chain. We prove this result for the chains with small length. We obtain also an off-shell equation (i.e. satisfied without the Bethe equations formally similar to the ones obtained in the periodic case or with diagonal boundaries.

  15. Heisenberg XXX Model with General Boundaries: Eigenvectors from Algebraic Bethe Ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belliard, Samuel; Crampé, Nicolas

    2013-11-01

    We propose a generalization of the algebraic Bethe ansatz to obtain the eigenvectors of the Heisenberg spin chain with general boundaries associated to the eigenvalues and the Bethe equations found recently by Cao et al. The ansatz takes the usual form of a product of operators acting on a particular vector except that the number of operators is equal to the length of the chain. We prove this result for the chains with small length. We obtain also an off-shell equation (i.e. satisfied without the Bethe equations) formally similar to the ones obtained in the periodic case or with diagonal boundaries.

  16. Heisenberg XXX model with general boundaries: Eigenvectors from Algebraic Bethe ansatz

    CERN Document Server

    Belliard, S

    2013-01-01

    We propose a generalization of the algebraic Bethe ansatz to obtain the eigenvectors of the Heisenberg spin chain with general boundaries associated to the eigenvalues and the Bethe equations found recently by Cao et al. The ansatz takes the usual form of a product of operators acting on a particular vector except that the number of operators is equal to the length of the chain. We prove this result for the chains with small length. We obtain also an off-shell equation (i.e. satisfied without the Bethe equations) formally similar to the ones obtained in the periodic case or with diagonal boundaries.

  17. Correlation functions of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model using a modified Lanczos method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagliano, Eduardo R.; Dagotto, Elbio; Moreo, Adriana; Alcaraz, Francisco C.

    1986-08-01

    Using a modified Lanczos algorithm, we study the correlation functions in the ground state of the one-dimensional antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model. We obtain numerical results for rings up to 24 sites. There are no indications of the anomalous behavior of these correlation functions recently observed in chains with 16 sites. We also present a pedagogical description of the hashing technique which is an efficient algorithm for searching and storage purposes.

  18. Influence of Non-Uniform Magnetic Field on Quantum Teleportation in Heisenberg XY Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAO Bin; YANG Tie-jian; ZHAO Yue-hong; ZOU Jian

    2007-01-01

    By considering the intrinsic decoherence, the validity of quantum teleportation of a two-qubit 1D Heisenberg XY chain in a non-uniform external magnetic field is studied. The fidelity as the measurement of a possible quantum teleportation is calculated and the effects of the non-uniform magnetic field and the intrinsic decoherence are discussed. It is found that anti-parallel magnetic field is more favorable for teleportation and the fidelity is suppressed by the intrinsic decoherence.

  19. Magnetic Properties of Quantum Ferrimagnetic Spin Chains

    OpenAIRE

    Yamamoto, Shoji

    1998-01-01

    Magnetic susceptibilities of spin-$(S,s)$ ferrimagnetic Heisenberg chains are numerically investigated. It is argued how the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic features of quantum ferrimagnets are exhibited as functions of $(S,s)$. Spin-$(S,s)$ ferrimagnetic chains behave like combinations of spin-$(S-s)$ ferromagnetic and spin-$(2s)$ antiferromagnetic chains provided $S=2s$.

  20. Weyl-Heisenberg frames for subspaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ole

    2001-01-01

    A Weyl-Heisenberg frame {E(mb)T(na)g}(m, n Z) = {e(2 pi imb(.)) g(.-na)}(m, n is an element of Z) for L-2 (R) allows every function f is an element of L-2(R) to be written as an infinite linear combination of translated and modulated versions of the fixed function g is an element of L-2(R...

  1. Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle in high school teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Albino Rafael Mesquita; Marques, L.; Ramos, Marta M. D.

    2013-01-01

    In Portuguese high school curricula concepts of quantum physics are taught in the discipline of physics in the 12th year of education. These concepts underlie the functioning of modern nano devices and nanotechnologies, but are difficult to understand by the students of this level of teaching, thus making it necessary the integration of new strategies to facilitate teaching-learning process. In this we show the activities we developed to illustrate the Heisenberg uncertainty relations, ...

  2. Controllable entanglement sudden birth of Heisenberg spins

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Qiang; ZHI Qi-Jun; ZHANG Xiao-ping; REN Zhong-Zhou

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the Entanglement Sudden Birth (ESB) of two Heisenberg spins A and B. The third controller, qutrit C is introduced, which only has the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) spin-orbit interaction with qubit B. We find that the DM interaction is necessary to induce the Entanglement Sudden Birth of the system qubits A and B, and the initial states of the system qubits and the qurit C are also important to control its Entanglement Sudden Birth.

  3. Local Spin Correlations in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets

    OpenAIRE

    Weihong, Zheng; Oitmaa, J.

    2000-01-01

    We use linked cluster series expansion methods to estimate the values of various short distance correlation functions in $S=1/2$ Heisenberg antiferromagnets at T=0, for dimension $d=1,2,3$. The method incorporates the possibility of spontaneous symmetry breaking, which is manifest in $d=2,3$. The results are important in providing a test for approximate theories of the antiferromagnetic ground state.

  4. Quantum kinetic Heisenberg models: a unique dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We suggest that the dynamics Glauber embodied in his kinetic Ising model can be introduced similarly and in an apparently unique way, into the quantum statistical mechanics of the quantum-integrable models like the Heisenberg, sine-Gordon and Massive Thirring models. The latter may suggest an extension of the theory to unique kinetic Ising models in two dimensions. The kinetic repulsive bose gas which is studied in detail in the steady state seems to be a solvable kinetic model. (author)

  5. SUGRA New Inflation with Heisenberg Symmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Antusch, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    We propose a realisation of 'new inflation' in supergravity (SUGRA), where the flatness of the inflaton potential is protected by a Heisenberg symmetry. Inflation can be associated with a particle physics phase transition, with the inflaton being a (D-flat) direction of Higgs fields which break some symmetry at high energies, e.g. of GUT Higgs fields or of Higgs fields for flavour symmetry breaking. This is possible since compared to a shift symmetry, which is usually used to protect a flat inflaton potential, the Heisenberg symmetry is compatible with a (gauge) non-singlet inflaton field. In contrast to conventional new inflation models in SUGRA, where the predictions depend on unknown parameters of the K"ahler potential, the model with Heisenberg symmetry makes discrete predictions for the primordial perturbation parameters which depend only on the order n at which the inflaton appears in the effective superpotential. The predictions for the spectral index n_s can be close to the best-fit value of the lates...

  6. Mean size formula of wavelet subdivision tree on Heisenberg group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Guo-mao

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the mean size formula of wavelet packets (wavelet subdivision tree) on Heisenberg group. The formula is given in terms of the p-norm joint spectral radius. The vector refinement equations on Heisenberg group and the subdivision tree on the Heisenberg group are discussed. The mean size formula of wavelet packets can be used to describe the asymptotic behavior of norm of the subdivision tree.

  7. Simulations of Information Transport in Spin Chains

    OpenAIRE

    Cappellaro, Paola; Ramanathan, Chandrasekhar; Cory, David G.

    2007-01-01

    Transport of quantum information in linear spin chains has been the subject of much theoretical work. Experimental studies by nuclear spin systems in solid-state by NMR (a natural implementation of such models) is complicated since the dipolar Hamiltonian is not solely comprised of nearest-neighbor XY-Heisenberg couplings. We present here a similarity transformation between the XY-Heisenberg Hamiltonian and the grade raising Hamiltonian, an interaction which is achievable with the collective ...

  8. Controllable entanglement sudden birth of Heisenberg spins%Controllable entanglement sudden birth of Heisenberg spins

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Qiang; ZHI Qi-Jun; ZHANG Xiao-Ping; REN Zhong-Zhou

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the Entanglement Sudden Birth (ESB) of two Heisenberg spins A and B. The third controller, qutrit C is introduced, which only has the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) spin-orbit interaction with qubit B. We find that the DM interaction is necessa

  9. Heisenberg scaling in relativistic quantum metrology

    CERN Document Server

    Friis, Nicolai; Fuentes, Ivette; Dür, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    We address the issue of precisely estimating small parameters encoded in a general linear transformation of the modes of a bosonic quantum field. Such Bogoliubov transformations frequently appear in the context of quantum optics. We provide a recipe for computing the quantum Fisher information for arbitrary pure initial states. We show that the maximally achievable precision of estimation is inversely proportional to the squared average particle number, and that such Heisenberg scaling requires non-classical, but not necessarily entangled states. Our method further allows to quantify losses in precision arising from being able to monitor only finitely many modes, for which we identify a lower bound.

  10. Discrete Flavour Symmetries from the Heisenberg Group

    CERN Document Server

    Floratos, E G

    2015-01-01

    Non-abelian discrete symmetries are of particular importance in model building. They are mainly invoked to explain the various fermion mass hierarchies and forbid dangerous superpotential terms. In string models they are usually associated to the geometry of the compactification manifold and more particularly to the magnetised branes in toroidal compactifications. Motivated by these facts, in this note we propose a unified framework to construct representations of finite discrete family groups based on the automorphisms of the discrete and finite Heisenberg group. We focus in particular in the $PSL_2(p)$ groups which contain the phenomenologically interesting cases.

  11. Discrete flavour symmetries from the Heisenberg group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floratos, E. G.; Leontaris, G. K.

    2016-04-01

    Non-abelian discrete symmetries are of particular importance in model building. They are mainly invoked to explain the various fermion mass hierarchies and forbid dangerous superpotential terms. In string models they are usually associated to the geometry of the compactification manifold and more particularly to the magnetised branes in toroidal compactifications. Motivated by these facts, in this note we propose a unified framework to construct representations of finite discrete family groups based on the automorphisms of the discrete and finite Heisenberg group. We focus in particular, on the PSL2 (p) groups which contain the phenomenologically interesting cases.

  12. Heisenberg scaling in Gaussian quantum metrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friis, Nicolai; Skotiniotis, Michalis; Fuentes, Ivette; Dür, Wolfgang

    2015-08-01

    We address the issue of precisely estimating small parameters encoded in a general linear transformation of the modes of a bosonic quantum field. Such Bogoliubov transformations frequently appear in the context of quantum optics. We provide a set of instructions for computing the quantum Fisher information for arbitrary pure initial states. We show that the maximally achievable precision of estimation is inversely proportional to the squared average particle number and that such Heisenberg scaling requires nonclassical but not necessarily entangled states. Our method further allows us to quantify losses in precision arising from being able to monitor only finitely many modes, for which we identify a lower bound.

  13. Classical and quantum anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Selke

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We study classical and quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets with exchange anisotropy of XXZ-type and crystal field single-ion terms of quadratic and quartic form in a field. The magnets display a variety of phases, including the spin-flop (or, in the quantum case, spin-liquid and biconical (corresponding, in the quantum lattice gas description, to supersolid phases. Applying ground-state considerations, Monte Carlo and density matrix renormalization group methods, the impact of quantum effects and lattice dimension is analysed. Interesting critical and multicritical behaviour may occur at quantum and thermal phase transitions.

  14. Heisenberg's Uncertainty : an Ill-Defined Notion ?

    OpenAIRE

    Rosinger, Elemer Elad

    2012-01-01

    The often cited book [11] of Asher Peres presents Quantum Mechanics without the use of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, a principle which it calls an "ill-defined notion". There is, however, no argument in this regard in the mentioned book, or comment related to the fact that its use in the realms of quanta is not necessary, let alone, unavoidable. A possible comment in this respect is presented here. And it is related to certain simple, purely logical facts in axiomatic theories, facts ...

  15. Heisenberg Model in a Rotating Magnetic Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Qiong-Gui

    2005-01-01

    We study the Heisenberg model under the influence of a rotating magnetic field. By using a time-dependent unitary transformation, the time evolution operator for the Schrodinger equation is obtained, which involves no chronological product. The spin vectors (mean values of the spin operators) are obtained as explicit functions of time in the most general case. A series of cyclic solutions are presented. The nonadiabatic geometric phases of these cyclic solutions are calculated, and are expressed in terms of the solid angle subtended by the closed trace of the total spin vector, as well as in terms of those of the individual spins.

  16. Nonlinear Liouville Theorem in the Quaternionic Heisenberg Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Qiao-hua; ZHU Fu-liu

    2005-01-01

    This paper deals with the problem of the type△Hf+fp =0 in quaternionic Heisenberg group, where △H isthe quaternionic Heisenberg Laplacian. It is proved that, under suitable conditions on p and f, the only solution of △Hf+fp =0 is f≡0.

  17. Heisenberg-Euler Effective Lagrangians : Basics and Extensions

    OpenAIRE

    Dunne, Gerald V.

    2004-01-01

    I present a pedagogical review of Heisenberg-Euler effective Lagrangians, beginning with the original work of Heisenberg and Euler, and Weisskopf, for the one loop effective action of quantum electrodynamics in a constant electromagnetic background field, and then summarizing some of the important applications and generalizations to inhomogeneous background fields, nonabelian backgrounds, and higher loop effective Lagrangians.

  18. XYZ Quantum Heisenberg Models with p-Orbital Bosons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinheiro, Fernanda; Bruun, Georg; Martikainen, Jani-Petri;

    2013-01-01

    We demonstrate how the spin-1/2 XYZ quantum Heisenberg model can be realized with bosonic atoms loaded in the p band of an optical lattice in the Mott regime. The combination of Bose statistics and the symmetry of the p-orbital wave functions leads to a nonintegrable Heisenberg model with antifer...

  19. Quantum phase transition in dimerised spin-1/2 chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Aparajita; Bhadra, Sreeparna; Saha, Sonali

    2015-11-01

    Quantum phase transition in dimerised antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin chain has been studied. A staircase structure in the variation of concurrence within strongly coupled pairs with that of external magnetic field has been observed indicating multiple critical (or critical like) points. Emergence of entanglement due to external magnetic field or magnetic entanglement is observed for weakly coupled spin pairs too in the same dimer chain. Though closed dimerised isotropic XXX Heisenberg chains with different dimer strengths were mainly explored, analogous studies on open chains as well as closed anisotropic (XX interaction) chains with tilted external magnetic field have also been studied.

  20. Monte Carlo study of four-spinon dynamic structure function in antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using Monte Carlo integration methods, we describe the behavior of the exact four-s pinon dynamic structure function S4 in the antiferromagnetic spin 1/2 Heisenberg quantum spin chain as a function of the neutron energy ω and momentum transfer k. We also determine the fourspinon continuum, the extent of the region in the (k, ω) plane outside which S4 is identically zero. In each case, the behavior of S4 is shown to be consistent with the four-spinon continuum and compared to the one of the exact two-spinon dynamic structure function S2. Overall shape similarity is noted. (author)

  1. Schur-Weyl Duality for Heisenberg Cosets

    CERN Document Server

    Creutzig, Thomas; Linshaw, Andrew R; Ridout, David

    2016-01-01

    Let $V$ be a simple vertex operator algebra containing a rank $n$ Heisenberg vertex algebra $H$ and let $C=\\text{Com}\\left( {H}, {V}\\right)$ be the coset of ${H}$ in ${V}$. Assuming that the representation categories of interest are vertex tensor categories in the sense of Huang, Lepowsky and Zhang, a Schur-Weyl type duality for both simple and indecomposable but reducible modules is proven. Families of vertex algebra extensions of ${C}$ are found and every simple ${C}$-module is shown to be contained in at least one ${V}$-module. A corollary of this is that if ${V}$ is rational and $C_2$-cofinite and CFT-type, and $\\text{Com}\\left( {C}, {V}\\right)$ is a rational lattice vertex operator algebra, then so is ${C}$. These results are illustrated with many examples and the $C_1$-cofiniteness of certain interesting classes of modules is established.

  2. Polarizability tensor and Kramers-Heisenberg induction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A general expression for the semiclassical, nonrelativistic linear polarizability of an arbitrary volume element V has been derived in the long wavelength approximation. The derivation starts from the expectation value of the dipole strength, as in the original Kramers-Heisenberg paper about optical scattering by atoms. The main requirements underlying the present approach are a separate non-Hermitian part of the Hamiltonian and a frequency dependent damping, which is zero for the static case. Resonant and antiresonant exponentials are both found to be necessary to obtain a proper static response. It is concluded that even parity for the damping has to be preferred from the theoretical point of view, although odd and asymmetric parity yield virtually the same polarizability. The electromagnetic response can still be written in terms of a single complex frequency, in agreement with the requirements of electrodynamics. The resulting expression is suited for the treatment of nonisotropic systems

  3. Heisenberg-Weyl Observables: Bloch vectors in phase space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asadian, Ali; Erker, Paul; Huber, Marcus; Klöckl, Claude

    2016-07-01

    We introduce a Hermitian generalization of Pauli matrices to higher dimensions which is based on Heisenberg-Weyl operators. The complete set of Heisenberg-Weyl observables allows us to identify a real-valued Bloch vector for an arbitrary density operator in discrete phase space, with a smooth transition to infinite dimensions. Furthermore, we derive bounds on the sum of expectation values of any set of anticommuting observables. Such bounds can be used in entanglement detection and we show that Heisenberg-Weyl observables provide a first nontrivial example beyond the dichotomic case.

  4. Generalized Coherent States for Polynomial Weyl-Heisenberg Algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Kibler, Maurice Robert; Daoud, Mohammed

    2011-01-01

    It is the aim of this paper to show how to construct Perelomov and Barut-Girardello coherent states for a polynomial Weyl-Heisenberg algebra. This algebra depends on r parameters. For some special values of the parameter corresponding to r = 1, the algebra covers the cases of the su(1,1) algebra, the su(2) algebra and the ordinary Weyl-Heisenberg or oscillator algebra. For r arbitrary, the generalized Weyl-Heisenberg algebra admits finite or infinite-dimensional representations depending on t...

  5. Some remarks on densities in the Heisenberg group

    OpenAIRE

    Magnani, Valentino

    2015-01-01

    We observe that upper densities and spherical Federer densities may differ on all two dimensional surfaces of the sub-Riemannian Heisenberg group. This provides an entire class of intrinsic rectifiable sets having upper density strictly less than one.

  6. Beyond Uncertainty Heisenberg, Quantum Physics, and The Bomb

    CERN Document Server

    Cassidy, David C

    2010-01-01

    Award winning biographer revisits the controversial life of this well known German physicist to shed new light on troubling questions. What can we learn about the relationship of scientific research to state power from Heisenberg's role in Nazi Germany?

  7. Magnetic Properties of Heisenberg Thin Films in an External Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Hong; ZHANG Jing

    2004-01-01

    The magnetic properties of Heisenberg ferromagnetic films in an external magnetic field are investigated by means of the variational cumulant expansion (VCE). The magnetization can be in principle calculated analytically as the function of the temperature and the number of atomic layers in the film to an arbitrary order of accuracy in the VCE. We calculate the spontaneous magnetization and coercivity to the third order for spin-1/2 Heisenberg films with simple cubic lattices by using a graphic technique.

  8. Nonlinear phonon interferometry at the Heisenberg limit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Hil F. H.; Patil, Yogesh Sharad; Chang, Laura; Chakram, Srivatsan; Vengalattore, Mukund

    2016-05-01

    Interferometers operating at or close to quantum limits of precision have found wide application in tabletop searches for physics beyond the standard model, the study of fundamental forces and symmetries of nature and foundational tests of quantum mechanics. The limits imposed by quantum fluctuations and measurement backaction on conventional interferometers (δϕ 1 /√{ N}) have spurred the development of schemes to circumvent these limits through quantum interference, multiparticle interactions and entanglement. Here, we realize a prominent example of such schemes, the so-called SU(1,1) interferometer, in a fundamentally new platform in which the interfering arms are distinct flexural modes of a millimeter-scale mechanical resonator. We realize up to 15.4(3) dB of noise squeezing and demonstrate the Heisenberg scaling of interferometric sensitivity (δϕ 1 / N), corresponding to a 6-fold improvement in measurement precision over a conventional interferometer. We describe how our work extends the optomechanical toolbox and how it presents new avenues for studies of optomechanical sensing and studies of nonequilibrium dynamics of multimode optomechanical systems. This work was supported by the DARPA QuASAR program through a grant from the ARO, the ARO MURI on non-equilibrium manybody dynamics and an NSF INSPIRE award.

  9. Heisenberg lecture: Supersymmetry in the spectra of atomic nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Talk given at the Symposium: 'Werner Heisenberg und die Wissenschaft, das Denken und die Kunst', Alexander von Humboldt Club, Bucharest, October 16 - 17, 2001, Goethe-Institut, Bucharest, Romania. This Symposium of the Humboldt Club in Bucharest was dedicated to the work of Werner Heisenberg. With the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of his birthday the aim was to recall the impact of Heisenberg's work not only on physics and related fields but also on philosophy and on our present understanding of science. Werner Heisenberg discovered and formulated the laws of quantum physics, the concepts and the tools one uses at present. These discoveries resulted from his ambitious goal to reveal the fundamental laws of physics and to understand these laws within the logical and structural aspects they imply for the understanding of nature and of thinking. In this way he was aware of the potential of this fundamental new approach and applied the concept of quantum phenomena to physics, chemistry, biology, and to logical-philosophical questions. Being invited here as first speaker of this Symposium the author considered as appropriate, first to recall a few dates out of his vita and essentials of his work, and then to address to a timely subject, which is, hopefully, related to the work of Werner Heisenberg. (author)

  10. Heisenberg scaling of imaging resolution by coherent enhancement

    CERN Document Server

    McConnell, Robert; Yoder, Theodore J; Bruzewicz, Colin D; Chuang, Isaac L; Chiaverini, John; Sage, Jeremy M

    2016-01-01

    Classical imaging works by scattering photons from an object to be imaged, and achieves resolution scaling as $1/\\sqrt{t}$, with $t$ the imaging time. By contrast, the laws of quantum mechanics allow one to utilize quantum coherence to obtain imaging resolution that can scale as quickly as $1/t$ -- the so-called "Heisenberg limit." However, ambiguities in the obtained signal often preclude taking full advantage of this quantum enhancement, while imaging techniques designed to be unambiguous often lose this optimal Heisenberg scaling. Here, we demonstrate an imaging technique which combines unambiguous detection of the target with Heisenberg scaling of the resolution. We also demonstrate a binary search algorithm which can efficiently locate a coherent target using the technique, resolving a target trapped ion to within 3% of the $1/e^2$ diameter of the excitation beam.

  11. Heisenberg in the atomic age science and the public sphere

    CERN Document Server

    Carson, Cathryn

    2010-01-01

    The end of the Second World War opened a new era for science in public life. Heisenberg in the Atomic Age explores the transformations of science's public presence in the postwar Federal Republic of Germany. It shows how Heisenberg's philosophical commentaries, circulating in the mass media, secured his role as science's public philosopher, and it reflects on his policy engagements and public political stands, which helped redefine the relationship between science and the state. With deep archival grounding, the book tracks Heisenberg's interactions with intellectuals from Heidegger to Habermas and political leaders from Adenauer to Brandt. It also traces his evolving statements about his wartime research on nuclear fission for the National Socialist regime. Working between the history of science and German history, the book's central theme is the place of scientific rationality in public life - after the atomic bomb, in the wake of the Third Reich.

  12. Trudinger-Moser inequalities on the entire Heisenberg group

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Yunyan

    2012-01-01

    Continuing our previous work (Cohn, Lam, Lu, Yang, Nonlinear Analysis (2011), doi: 10.1016 /j.na.2011.09.053), we obtain a class of Trudinger-Moser inequalities on the entire Heisenberg group, which indicate what the best constants are. All the existing proofs of similar inequalities on unbounded domain of the Euclidean space or the Heisenberg group are based on rearrangement argument. In this note, we propose a new approach to solve this problem. Specifically we get the global Trudinger-Moser inequality by gluing local estimates with the help of cut-off functions. Our method still works for similar problems when the Heisenberg group is replaced by the Eclidean space or complete noncompact Riemannian manifolds.

  13. Modified Heisenberg model for the zig-zag structure in multiferroic RMn2O5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahoosh, Safa Golrokh; Wesselinowa, Julia M.; Trimper, Steffen

    2015-08-01

    The class of RMn2O5 (R = Ho, Tb, Y, Eu) compounds offers multiferroic properties where the refined magnetic zig-zag order breaks the inversion symmetry. Varying the temperature, the system undergoes a magnetic and a subsequent ferroelectric phase transition where the ferroelectricity is magnetically induced. We propose a modified anisotropic Heisenberg model that can be used as a tractable analytical model studying the properties of those antiferromagnetic zig-zag spin chains. Based on a finite temperature Green's function method, it is shown that the polarization is induced solely by different exchange couplings of the two different Mn4+ and Mn3+ magnetic ions. We calculate the excitation energy of the spin system for finite temperatures, which for its part determines the temperature dependent magnetization and polarization. The ferroelectric phase transition is manifested as a kink in the excitation energy. The variation of the polarization by an external magnetic field depends strongly on the direction of that field. Whereas, the polarization in b-direction increases with an external magnetic field as well in b-direction it can be switched for strong fields in a-direction. The results based on that modified Heisenberg model are in qualitative agreement with experimental data.

  14. Modified Heisenberg model for the zig-zag structure in multiferroic RMn2O5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The class of RMn2O5 (R = Ho, Tb, Y, Eu) compounds offers multiferroic properties where the refined magnetic zig-zag order breaks the inversion symmetry. Varying the temperature, the system undergoes a magnetic and a subsequent ferroelectric phase transition where the ferroelectricity is magnetically induced. We propose a modified anisotropic Heisenberg model that can be used as a tractable analytical model studying the properties of those antiferromagnetic zig-zag spin chains. Based on a finite temperature Green's function method, it is shown that the polarization is induced solely by different exchange couplings of the two different Mn4+ and Mn3+ magnetic ions. We calculate the excitation energy of the spin system for finite temperatures, which for its part determines the temperature dependent magnetization and polarization. The ferroelectric phase transition is manifested as a kink in the excitation energy. The variation of the polarization by an external magnetic field depends strongly on the direction of that field. Whereas, the polarization in b-direction increases with an external magnetic field as well in b-direction it can be switched for strong fields in a-direction. The results based on that modified Heisenberg model are in qualitative agreement with experimental data

  15. Heisenberg-scaled magnetometer with dipolar spin-1 condensates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xing, Haijun; Wang, Anbang; Tan, Qing-Shou; Zhang, Wenxian; Yi, Su

    2016-04-01

    We propose a scheme to realize a Heisenberg-scaled magnetometer using dipolar spin-1 condensates. The input state of magnetometer is prepared by slowly sweeping a transverse magnetic field to zero, which yields a highly entangled spin state of N atoms. We show that this process is protected by a parity symmetry such that the state preparation time is within the reach of the current experiment. We also propose a parity measurement with a Stern-Gerlach apparatus which is shown to approach the optimal measurement in the large atom number limit. Finally, we show that the phase estimation sensitivity of the proposed scheme roughly follows the Heisenberg scaling.

  16. The Finite Heisenberg-Weyl Groups in Radar and Communications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calderbank AR

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the theory of the finite Heisenberg-Weyl group in relation to the development of adaptive radar and to the construction of spreading sequences and error-correcting codes in communications. We contend that this group can form the basis for the representation of the radar environment in terms of operators on the space of waveforms. We also demonstrate, following recent developments in the theory of error-correcting codes, that the finite Heisenberg-Weyl groups provide a unified basis for the construction of useful waveforms/sequences for radar, communications, and the theory of error-correcting codes.

  17. Quasi-Linear Algebras and Integrability (the Heisenberg Picture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexei Zhedanov

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available We study Poisson and operator algebras with the ''quasi-linear property'' from the Heisenberg picture point of view. This means that there exists a set of one-parameter groups yielding an explicit expression of dynamical variables (operators as functions of ''time'' t. We show that many algebras with nonlinear commutation relations such as the Askey-Wilson, q-Dolan-Grady and others satisfy this property. This provides one more (explicit Heisenberg evolution interpretation of the corresponding integrable systems.

  18. Characterizations of Sobolev spaces in Euclidean spaces and Heisenberg groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Xiao-yue; LAM Nguyen; LU Guo-zhen

    2013-01-01

    Recently, many new features of Sobolev spaces W k,p ?RN ? were studied in [4-6, 32]. This paper is devoted to giving a brief review of some known characterizations of Sobolev spaces in Euclidean spaces and describing our recent study of new characterizations of Sobolev spaces on both Heisenberg groups and Euclidean spaces obtained in [12] and [13] and outlining their proofs. Our results extend those characterizations of first order Sobolev spaces in [32] to the Heisenberg group setting. Moreover, our theorems also provide diff erent characterizations for the second order Sobolev spaces in Euclidean spaces from those in [4, 5].

  19. Integrability of the Inozemtsev Spin Chain with Open Boundary Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Wei-Xing; WANG Yu-Peng

    2004-01-01

    @@ A long range interacting quantum spin chain with open boundary conditions is proposed. By constructing the reflection spin-Dunkl operators, the integrability of the model is proven. The model is therefore exactly solvable via the asymptotic Bethe ansatz method and falls into the universal class of the usual Heisenberg spin chain with boundary fields.

  20. Magnetization direction in the Heisenberg model exhibiting fractional Brownian motion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Zhengping; Mouritsen, Ole G.; Zuckermann, Martin J.

    1993-01-01

    The temporal magnetization-direction fluctuations in the three-dimensional classical ferromagnetic Heisenberg model have been generated by Monte Carlo simulation and analyzed by the rescaled-range method to yield the Hurst exponent H. A value of H congruent-to 1 has been found to apply in the fer...

  1. The Bohr-Heisenberg correspondence principle viewed from phase space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Jens Peder

    2002-01-01

    Phase-space representations play an increasingly important role in several branches of physics. Here, we review the author's studies of the Bohr-Heisenberg correspondence principle within the Weyl-Wigner phase-space representation. The analysis leads to refined correspondence rules that can...

  2. On the magnetism of Heisenberg double-layer antiferromagnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author investigates the sublattice magnetization and the susceptibility of the double-layer Heisenberg antiferromagnet K3M2F7 by employing the techniques of elastic and quasi-elastic critical magnetic scattering of neutrons. (G.T.H.)

  3. Entanglement in Spin-1/2 Dimerized Heisenberg Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Zhe; WANG Xiao-Guang; HU An-Zi; LI You-Quan

    2005-01-01

    We study entanglement in dimerized Heisenberg systems. In particular, we give exact results of groundstate pairwise entanglement for the four-qubit model by identifying a Z2 symmetry. Although the entanglements cannot identify the critical point of the system, the mean entanglement of the nearest-neighbor qubits really does, namely, it reaches a maximum at the critical point.

  4. Entanglement Transfer in a Four-Qubit Dimerized Heisenberg System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAO Bin; HUANG Min; WANG Zhao-ming; ZOU Jian

    2008-01-01

    Entanglement transfer is investigated in a dimerized Heisenberg system.Coneurrence as the measure of entanglement is calculated by the time-evolved state starting from an initially entangled state of spin pair.It is shown that perfect entanglement transfer can be realized at 80me special time and suitable interacting.

  5. IMPROVED GAGLIARDO-NIRENBERG INEQUALITIES ON HEISENBERG TYPE GROUPS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo Guangzhou

    2011-01-01

    Motivated by the idea of M.Ledoux who brings out the connection between Sobolev embeddings and heat kernel bounds,we prove an analogous result for Kohn's sub-Laplacian on the Heisenberg type groups.The main result includes features of an inequality of either Sobolev or Galiardo-Nirenberg type.

  6. Effect of the site dilution on spin transport in the two-dimensional biquadratic Heisenberg model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, L. S.

    2016-05-01

    We use the SU(3) Schwinger's boson theory to study the spin transport in the biquadratic Heisenberg chains in a square lattice with a distribution of non-magnetic impurities on the lattice. We verify the influence of the site dilution in the Ac and Dc spin conductivities of this model in the Bose-Einstein condensation regime in which the bosons t are condensed. Our results show that the decreasing of the gap Δ with -β suffers a change for different concentrations x of non-magnetic impurities, however the point (in the -β axis) where the gap cancels does not change with x. Therefore, the size of the region ω, where the spin conductivity goes to zero decreases with the increase of x until the point where x=0.5, where the size of this region tends to zero.

  7. Laguerre calculus and Paneitz operator on the Heisenberg group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHANG; Der-Chen

    2009-01-01

    Laguerre calculus is a powerful tool for harmonic analysis on the Heisenberg group.Many sub-elliptic partial differential operators can be inverted by Laguerre calculus.In this article,we use Laguerre calculus to find explicit kernels of the fundamental solution for the Paneitz operator and its heat equation.The Paneitz operator which plays an important role in CR geometry can be written as follows:Here{Zj}n j=1 is an orthonormal basis for the subbundle T(1,0)of the complex tangent bundle TC(Hn) and T is the"missing direction".The operator Lα is the sub-Laplacian on the Heisenberg group which is sub-elliptic ifαdoes not belong to an exceptional setΛα.We also construct projection operators and relative fundamental solution for the operator Lα whileα∈Λα.

  8. Space Group Symmetry Fractionalization in a Chiral Kagome Heisenberg Antiferromagnet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaletel, Michael P; Zhu, Zhenyue; Lu, Yuan-Ming; Vishwanath, Ashvin; White, Steven R

    2016-05-13

    The anyonic excitations of a spin liquid can feature fractional quantum numbers under space group symmetries. Detecting these fractional quantum numbers, which are analogs of the fractional charge of Laughlin quasiparticles, may prove easier than the direct observation of anyonic braiding and statistics. Motivated by the recent numerical discovery of spin-liquid phases in the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet, we theoretically predict the pattern of space group symmetry fractionalization in the kagome lattice SO(3)-symmetric chiral spin liquid. We provide a method to detect these fractional quantum numbers in finite-size numerics which is simple to implement in the density matrix renormalization group. Applying these developments to the chiral spin liquid phase of a kagome Heisenberg model, we find perfect agreement between our theoretical prediction and numerical observations. PMID:27232041

  9. Euler-Heisenberg-Weiss action for QCD +QED

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozaki, Sho; Arai, Takashi; Hattori, Koichi; Itakura, Kazunori

    2015-07-01

    We derive an analytic expression for one-loop effective action of QCD +QED at zero and finite temperatures by using the Schwinger proper time method. The result is a nonlinear effective action not only for electromagnetic and chromo-electromagnetic fields but also for the Polyakov loop, and thus reproduces the Euler-Heisenberg action in QED, QCD, and QED +QCD , and also the Weiss potential for the Polyakov loop at finite temperature. As applications of this "Euler-Heisenberg-Weiss" action in QCD +QED , we investigate quark pair productions induced by QCD +QED fields at zero temperature and the Polyakov loop in the presence of strong electromagnetic fields. Quark one-loop contribution to the effective potential of the Polyakov loop explicitly breaks the center symmetry, and is found to be enhanced by the magnetic field, which is consistent with the inverse magnetic catalysis observed in lattice QCD simulation.

  10. Euler-Heisenberg-Weiss action for QCD+QED

    CERN Document Server

    Ozaki, Sho; Hattori, Koichi; Itakura, Kazunori

    2015-01-01

    We derive an analytic expression for one-loop effective action of QCD+QED at zero and finite temperatures by using the Schwinger's proper time method. The result is a nonlinear effective action not only for electromagnetic and chromo-electromagnetic fields but also the Polyakov loop, and thus reproduces the Euler-Heisenberg action in QED, QCD, and QED+QCD, and also the Weiss potential for the Polyakov loop at finite temperature. As applications of this "Euler-Heisenberg-Weiss" action in QCD+QED, we investigate quark pair productions induced by QCD+QED fields at zero temperature and the Polyakov loop in the presence of strong electromagnetic fields. Quark one-loop contribution to the effective potential of the Polyakov loop explicitly breaks the center symmetry, and is found to be enhanced by the magnetic field, which is consistent with the inverse magnetic catalysis observed in lattice QCD simulation.

  11. Influence of the Heisenberg Principle on the Ideal Bose Gas

    CERN Document Server

    Zheng, Hua; Bonasera, Aldo

    2013-01-01

    The ideal Bose gas has two major shortcomings: at zero temperature, all the particles 'condense' at zero energy or momentum, thus violating the Heisenberg principle; the second is that the pressure below the critical point is independent of density resulting in zero incompressibility (or infinite isothermal compressibility) which is unphysical. We propose a modification of the ideal Bose gas to take into account the Heisenberg principle. This modification results in a finite (in)compressibility at all temperatures and densities. The main properties of the ideal Bose gas are preserved, i.e. the relation between the critical temperature and density, but the specific heat has a maximum at the critical temperature instead of a discontinuity. Of course interactions are crucial for both cases in order to describe actual physical systems.

  12. Wavelet transform and Radon transform on the Quaternion Heisenberg group

    CERN Document Server

    He, JIanxun

    2011-01-01

    Let $\\mathscr Q$ be the quaternion Heisenberg group, and let $\\mathbf P$ be the affine automorphism group of $\\mathscr Q$. We develop the theory of continuous wavelet transform on the quaternion Heisenberg group via the unitary representations of $\\mathbf P$ on $L^2(\\mathscr Q)$. A class of radial wavelets is constructed. The inverse wavelet transform is simplified by using radial wavelets. Then we investigate the Radon transform on $\\mathscr Q$. A Semyanistri-Lizorkin space is introduced, on which the Radon transform is a bijection. We deal with the Radon transform on $\\mathscr Q$ both by the Euclidean Fourier transform and the group Fourier transform. These two treatments are essentially equivalent. We also give an inversion formula by using wavelets, which does not require the smoothness of functions if the wavelet is smooth.

  13. Inspiration of Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle to College Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁讯

    2008-01-01

    No matter how accurately one tried to measure the classical quantities of position and momentum, there would always be an uncertainty in the measurement.The Heisenberg Principle of Uncertainty is one of the most significant changes in our comprehension of the universe, it inspired people once again to think the unthinkable, and challenge the very foundations of subjects in both research and educational fields.

  14. Magnetic properties of nanoscale compass-Heisenberg planar clusters

    OpenAIRE

    Trousselet, F.; Oles, A. M.; Horsch, P.

    2012-01-01

    We study a model of spins 1/2 on a square lattice, generalizing the quantum compass model via the addition of perturbing Heisenberg interactions between nearest neighbors, and investigate its phase diagram and magnetic excitations. This model has motivations both from the field of strongly correlated systems with orbital degeneracy and from that of solid-state based devices proposed for quantum computing. We find that the high degeneracy of ground states of the compass model is fragile and ch...

  15. Graph model of the Heisenberg-Weyl algebra

    OpenAIRE

    Blasiak, P.; Horzela, A.; Duchamp, G. H. E.; Penson, K. A.; Solomon, A. I.

    2007-01-01

    We consider an algebraic formulation of Quantum Theory and develop a combinatorial model of the Heisenberg-Weyl algebra structure. It is shown that by lifting this structure to the richer algebra of graph operator calculus, we gain a simple interpretation involving, for example, the natural composition of graphs. This provides a deeper insight into the algebraic structure of Quantum Theory and sheds light on the intrinsic combinatorial underpinning of its abstract formalism.

  16. Percolation properties of the 2D Heisenberg model

    CERN Document Server

    Allès, B; Criado, C; Pepé, M

    1999-01-01

    We analyze the percolation properties of certain clusters defined on configurations of the 2--dimensional Heisenberg model thermalized at a temperature T=0.5. We find that, given any direction in O(3) space, \\vec{n}, the spins almost perpendicular to \\vec{n} form a percolating cluster. Given a fixed configuration, this is true for any \\vec{n}. We briefly comment on the critical properties of the model.

  17. Creation of Multipartite Entanglement and Entanglement Transfer via Heisenberg Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yong; CAO Wan-Cang; LONG Gui-Lu

    2005-01-01

    @@ We discuss how to create multipartite entanglement. By coupling a new particle with entangled particles via Heisenberg interaction between two particles, we can prepare three-particle entangled states. For some special coupling strength, entanglement transfer can be achieved from entangled pair AB to particles A and C that never interact by coupling particle C with particle B, which can be used to create entanglement between two separated particles.

  18. Random field distributed Heisenberg model on a thin film geometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of the bimodal random field distribution on the thermal and magnetic properties of the Heisenberg thin film have been investigated by making use of a two spin cluster with the decoupling approximation. Particular attention has been devoted to the obtaining of phase diagrams and magnetization behaviors. The physical behaviors of special as well as tricritical points are discussed for a wide range of selected Hamiltonian parameters. For example, it is found that when the strength of a magnetic field increases, the locations of the special point (which is the ratio of the surface exchange interaction and the exchange interaction of the inner layers that makes the critical temperature of the film independent of the thickness) in the related plane decrease. Moreover, tricritical behavior has been obtained for higher values of the magnetic field, and influences of the varying Hamiltonian parameters on its behavior have been elucidated in detail in order to have a better understanding of the mechanism underlying the considered system. - Highlights: • Effect of bimodal random field distribution within the Heisenberg model is investigated. • Phase diagrams of the random field Heisenberg model in a thin film geometry are obtained. • Effect of the random field on the magnetic properties is obtained. • Variation of the special point with random field is determined. • Variation of the tricritical point with random field is determined

  19. Time independent universal computing with spin chains: quantum plinko machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, K. F.; Gokler, C.; Lloyd, S.; Shor, P. W.

    2016-07-01

    We present a scheme for universal quantum computing using XY Heisenberg spin chains. Information is encoded into packets propagating down these chains, and they interact with each other to perform universal quantum computation. A circuit using g gate blocks on m qubits can be encoded into chains of length O({g}3+δ {m}3+δ ) for all δ \\gt 0 with vanishingly small error.

  20. Asymptotics for Certain Harmonic Functions and the Martin Compactification on the Quaternionic Heisenberg Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Wen LUAN; Fu Liu ZHU

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we make the asymptotic estimates of the heat kernel for the quaternionic Heisenberg group in various cases. We also use these results to deduce the asymptotic estimates of certain harmonic functions on the quaternionic Heisenberg group. Moreover a Martin compactification of the quaternionic Heisenberg group is constructed, and we prove that the Martin boundary of this group is homeomorphic to the unit ball in the quaternionic field.

  1. Deformed Heisenberg algebra: origin of q-calculus

    OpenAIRE

    Swamy, P. Narayana

    2003-01-01

    The intimate connection between q-deformed Heisenberg uncertainty relation and the Jackson derivative based on q-basic numbers has been noted in the literature. The purpose of this work is to establish this connection in a clear and self-consistent formulation and to show explicitly how the Jackson derivative arises naturally. We utilize a holomorphic representation to arrive at the correct algebra to describe q-deformed bosons. We investigate the algebra of q-fermions and point out how diffe...

  2. Bootstrap equations and correlation functions for the Heisenberg XYZ antiferromagnet

    OpenAIRE

    Quano, Yas-Hiro

    2002-01-01

    Presented are two kinds of integral solutions to the quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations for the 2n-point correlation functions of the Heisenberg XYZ antiferromagnet. Our first integral solution can be obtained from those for the cyclic SOS model by using the vertex-face correspondence. By the construction, the sum with respect to the local height variables k_0, k_1, >..., k_{2n} of the cyclic SOS model remains other than n-fold integral in the first solution. In order to perform those s...

  3. Some Properties of Quasiconvex Functions on the Heisenberg Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming-bao Sun; Xiao-ping Yang

    2005-01-01

    For the Heisenberg group, we introduce the concept of h-quasiconvex functions. We prove that the notions of h-quasiconvex functions and h-convex set are equivalent and that h-quasiconvex functions are locally bounded from above, and furthermore derive that h-convex functions are locally bounded, therefore it is locally Lipschitz continuous by using recent results by Danielli-Garofalo-Nhieu. Finally we give estimates of the L∞norm of the first derivatives of h-quasiconvex functions.

  4. Yang-Lee Circle Theorem for an Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Ladder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王先智

    2001-01-01

    The Yang-Lee zeros of an antiferromagnetic Heisenberg ladder model are determined. It is found that if J4≤0 Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and on the negative real axis in the complex activity plane. In particular, if J4≤0 and 2J2≥J4, Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and the Yang-Lee circle theorem is valid. If J4 > 0, Yang-Lee zeros are located on some complicated curves.

  5. K-theory, cyclic cohomology and pairings for quantum Heisenberg manifolds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gabriel, Olivier

    2013-01-01

    The C*-algebras called quantum Heisenberg manifolds (QHMs) were introduced by Rieffel in 1989 as strict deformation quantizations of Heisenberg manifolds. It was later shown that they are also examples of generalized crossed products. In this article, we compute the pairings of K-theory and cyclic...... Chern characters of the K-theory....

  6. A FUNDAMENTAL SOLUTION FOR THE LAPLACE OPERATOR ON THE QUATERNIONIC HEISENBERG GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱理

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, the author studies the Laplace operator on the quaternionic Heisenberg group, construct a fundamental solution for it and use this solution to prove the LP-boundedness and the weak (1-1) boundedness of certain singular convolution operators on the quaternionic Heisenberg group.

  7. An index formula for the extended Heisenberg algebra of Epstein, Melrose and Mendoza

    CERN Document Server

    van Erp, Erik

    2010-01-01

    The extended Heisenberg algebra for a contact manifold contains, as subalgebras, both the Heisenberg algebra as well as the classical pseudodifferential operators. We derive here a formula for the index of Fredholm operators in this extended calculus. This formula incorporates in a single expression the Atiyah-Singer formula for elliptic operators, as well as Boutet de Monvel's Toeplitz index formula.

  8. Modified Heisenberg model for the zig-zag structure in multiferroic RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahoosh, Safa Golrokh, E-mail: safa.bahoosh@uni-konstanz.de [Department of Physics, University of Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz (Germany); Wesselinowa, Julia M., E-mail: julia@phys.uni-sofia.bg [Department of Physics, University of Sofia, 1164 Sofia (Bulgaria); Trimper, Steffen, E-mail: steffen.trimper@physik.uni-halle.de [Institute of Physics, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, D-06099 Halle (Germany)

    2015-08-28

    The class of RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} (R = Ho, Tb, Y, Eu) compounds offers multiferroic properties where the refined magnetic zig-zag order breaks the inversion symmetry. Varying the temperature, the system undergoes a magnetic and a subsequent ferroelectric phase transition where the ferroelectricity is magnetically induced. We propose a modified anisotropic Heisenberg model that can be used as a tractable analytical model studying the properties of those antiferromagnetic zig-zag spin chains. Based on a finite temperature Green's function method, it is shown that the polarization is induced solely by different exchange couplings of the two different Mn{sup 4+} and Mn{sup 3+} magnetic ions. We calculate the excitation energy of the spin system for finite temperatures, which for its part determines the temperature dependent magnetization and polarization. The ferroelectric phase transition is manifested as a kink in the excitation energy. The variation of the polarization by an external magnetic field depends strongly on the direction of that field. Whereas, the polarization in b-direction increases with an external magnetic field as well in b-direction it can be switched for strong fields in a-direction. The results based on that modified Heisenberg model are in qualitative agreement with experimental data.

  9. Heisenberg's war. The secret history of the German bomb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The history of Second World War Germany's 'Uranium Project', which often is referred to as the 'myth of the German atomic bomb', has been attracting the mind's of secret service men, futurologists, historians and journalists since after the end of the war it has become possible to lift the veil of secrecy. Powers book adds another one to the many investigations published since them. His approach to the piece of history starts with Heisenberg's visit to the U.S.A. in summer 1939, describes the plans of the German Heereswaffenamt pursued with the Uranium Project, and their counterpart on the side of the Allied Forces where German scientists, as immigrants in England and in the U.S.A., were doing their best to launch research for the development of an atomic bomb. The end of this 'competition' is marked by the internment of the ten German scientists and bomb specialists in Fall Hall. The leading story of the book centers on the small group of scientists around Heisenberg, who cleverly 'torpedoed' the development of the German atomic bomb in the years from 1939 until 1944. (HP)

  10. Realistic Approach of the Relations of Uncertainty of Heisenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul E. Sterian

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the requirements of the principle of causality in the theory of relativity, one cannot make a device for the simultaneous measuring of the canonical conjugate variables in the conjugate Fourier spaces. Instead of admitting that a particle’s position and its conjugate momentum cannot be accurately measured at the same time, we consider the only probabilities which can be determined when working at subatomic level to be valid. On the other hand, based on Schwinger's action principle and using the quadridimensional form of the unitary transformation generator function of the quantum operators in the paper, the general form of the evolution equation for these operators is established. In the nonrelativistic case one obtains the Heisenberg's type evolution equations which can be particularized to derive Heisenberg's uncertainty relations. The analysis of the uncertainty relations as implicit evolution equations allows us to put into evidence the intrinsic nature of the correlation expressed by these equations in straight relations with the measuring process. The independence of the quantisation postulate from the causal evolution postulate of quantum mechanics is also put into discussion.

  11. On Hopf algebroid structure of kappa-deformed Heisenberg algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Lukierski, Jerzy; Woronowicz, Mariusz

    2016-01-01

    The $(4+4)$-dimensional $\\kappa$-deformed quantum phase space as well as its $(10+10)$-dimensional covariant extension by the Lorentz sector can be described as Heisenberg doubles: the $(10+10)$-dimensional quantum phase space is the double of $D=4$ $\\kappa$-deformed Poincar\\'e Hopf algebra $\\mathbb{H}$ and the standard $(4+4)$-dimensional space is its subalgebra generated by $\\kappa$-Minkowski coordinates $\\hat{x}_\\mu$ and corresponding commuting momenta $\\hat{p}_\\mu$. Every Heisenberg double appears as the total algebra of a Hopf algebroid over a base algebra which is in our case the coordinate sector. We exhibit the details of this structure, namely the corresponding right bialgebroid and the antipode map. We rely on algebraic methods of calculation in Majid-Ruegg bicrossproduct basis. The target map is derived from a formula by J-H. Lu. The coproduct takes values in the bimodule tensor product over a base, what is expressed as the presence of coproduct gauge freedom.

  12. Stable transitivity of Heisenberg group extensions of hyperbolic systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niţică, Viorel; Török, Andrei

    2014-04-01

    We consider skew-extensions with fibre the standard real Heisenberg group { H}_n of a uniformly hyperbolic dynamical system. We show that among the Cr extensions (r > 0) that avoid an obvious obstruction, those that are topologically transitive contain an open and dense set. More precisely, we show that an { H}_n -extension is transitive if and only if the { R}^{2n} -extension given by the Abelianization of { H}_n is transitive. A new technical tool introduced in the paper, which is of independent interest, is a diophantine approximation result. We show, under general conditions, the existence of an infinite set of approximate positive integer solutions for a diophantine system of equations consisting of a quadratic indefinite form and several linear equations. The set of approximate solutions can be chosen to point in a certain direction. The direction can be chosen from a residual subset of full measure of the set of real directions solving the system of equations exactly. Another contribution of the paper, which is used in the proof of the main result, but it is also of independent interest, is the solution of the so-called semigroup problem for the Heisenberg group. We show that for a subset S\\subset { H}_n , which avoids any maximal semigroup with non-empty interior, the closure of the semigroup generated by S is actually a group.

  13. The Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the square-kagomé lattice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Richter

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We discuss the ground state, the low-lying excitations as well as high-field thermodynamics of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the two-dimensional square-kagomé lattice. This magnetic system belongs to the class of highly frustrated spin systems with an infinite non-trivial degeneracy of the classical ground state as it is also known for the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagomé and on the star lattice. The quantum ground state of the spin-half system is a quantum paramagnet with a finite spin gap and with a large number of non-magnetic excitations within this gap. We also discuss the magnetization versus field curve that shows a plateaux as well as a macroscopic magnetization jump to saturation due to independent localized magnon states. These localized states are highly degenerate and lead to interesting features in the low-temperature thermodynamics at high magnetic fields such as an additional low-temperature peak in the specific heat and an enhanced magnetocaloric effect.

  14. Laguerre calculus and Paneitz operator on the Heisenberg group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHANG Der-Cheni; CHANG Shu-Cheng; TIE JingZhi

    2009-01-01

    Laguerre calculus is a powerful tool for harmonic analysis on the Heisenberg group. Many sub-elliptic partial differential operators can be inverted by Laguerre calculus. In this article,we use Laguerre calculus to find explicit kernels of the fundamental solution for the Paneitz operator and its heat equation. The Paneitz operator which plays an important role in CR geometry can be written as follows: Ρ_α=(ν)_a(ν)_a=4/1[∑n/j=1(Z_jZ_j+Z_jZ_j]~2+a~2T~2.Here {Z~j}~n_j=1 is an orthonormal basis for the subbundle T~(1,0) of the complex tangent bundle T_c(H_n) and T is the "missing direction". The operator ν_a is the sub-Laplaeian on the Heisenberg group which is sub-elliptic if α does not belong to an exceptional set Aα. We also construct projection operators and relative fundamental solution for the operator (ν)_α while α∈ (A)_α.

  15. Monte Carlo simulations on magnetic behavior of a spin-chain system in triangular lattice doped with antiferromagnetic bonds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO Xiao-yan; LI Peng-lei; DONG Shuai; LIU Jun-ming

    2007-01-01

    A three-dimensional Ising-like model doped with anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) bonds is proposed to investigate the magnetic properties of a doped triangular spin-chain system by using a Monte-Carlo simulation. The simulated results indicate that a steplike magnetization behavior is very sensitive to the concentration of AFM bonds. A low concentration of AFM bonds can suppress the stepwise behavior considerably, in accordance with doping experiments on Ca3Co206. The analysis of spin snapshots demonstrates that the AFM bond doping not only breaks the ferromagnetic ordered linear spin chains along the hexagonal c-axis but also has a great influence upon the spin configuration in the ab-plane.

  16. Quantum theory of spin waves in finite chiral spin chains

    OpenAIRE

    Roldán-Molina, A.; Santander, M. J.; Núñez, A.S.; Fernández Rossier, Joaquín

    2013-01-01

    We calculate the effect of spin waves on the properties of finite-size spin chains with a chiral spin ground state observed on biatomic Fe chains deposited on iridium(001). The system is described with a Heisenberg model supplemented with a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya coupling and a uniaxial single ion anisotropy that presents a chiral spin ground state. Spin waves are studied using the Holstein-Primakoff boson representation of spin operators. Both the renormalized ground state and the elementary ...

  17. High Field Magnetization Studies of Low Dimensional Heisenberg S = 1/2 Antiferromagnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landee, C. P.; Turnbull, M. M.

    1998-03-01

    The magnetization curves of a number of low dimensional S=1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnets have been determined in fields up to 30 tesla at low temperatures at the National High Magnetic Fields Laboratory. Materials studied include a family of 1D materials, based upon Cu(pyrazine)(NO_3)_2, 2D magnets consisting of pyrazine-bridged copper layers, and several spin ladders with singlet ground states. All of the magnetization data show upward curvature and are well described by T = 0 calculations based upon finite cluster models(Bonner and Fisher, Phys. Rev. A135, 640 (1964); Yang and Mutter, NANL cond-mat/9610092.). Chemical substitution on the pyrazine rings permits the variation of exchange constants by more than 25 percent for the family of well isolated chains. The spin ladder systems consist of ferromagnetic dimers weakly connected by antiferromagnetic intradimer interactions. Field induced transitions are seen at fields of less than one tesla for each of the three compounds.

  18. Effect of Spin-Orbit Interaction and Input State on Quantum Discord and Teleportation of Two-Qubit Heisenberg Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Meng; ZHAI Xiao-Yue; CHEN Xuan; LI Yan-Biao; WANG Xiao; BAI Zhong

    2012-01-01

    We study the quant.um discord and teleportation of a two-qubit Heisenberg XXX chain with spin-orbit interaction.The analytical expressions of quantum discord,output state quantum discord and fidelity are obtained for this model The classical correlation,quantum correlation and entanglement of this system depending on coupling interaction,spin-orbit interaction and temperature are investigated in detail It is found that the quantum discord exists for the ferromagnetic case,but entanglement is zero under the same condition.We can obtain fidelity better than any classical communication protocol for the antiferromagnetic case. The robustness of quantum discordagainst the temperature is helpful for the realization of quantum computation.

  19. Strongly correlated flat-band systems: The route from Heisenberg spins to Hubbard electrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derzhko, Oleg; Richter, Johannes; Maksymenko, Mykola

    2015-05-01

    On a large class of lattices (such as the sawtooth chain, the kagome and the pyrochlore lattices), the quantum Heisenberg and the repulsive Hubbard models may host a completely dispersionless (flat) energy band in the single-particle spectrum. The flat-band states can be viewed as completely localized within a finite volume (trap) of the lattice and allow for construction of many-particle states, roughly speaking, by occupying the traps with particles. If the flat-band happens to be the lowest-energy one, the manifold of such many-body states will often determine the ground-state and low-temperature physics of the models at hand even in the presence of strong interactions. The localized nature of these many-body states makes possible the mapping of this subset of eigenstates onto a corresponding classical hard-core system. As a result, the ground-state and low-temperature properties of the strongly correlated flat-band systems can be analyzed in detail using concepts and tools of classical statistical mechanics (e.g., classical lattice-gas approach or percolation approach), in contrast to more challenging quantum many-body techniques usually necessary to examine strongly correlated quantum systems. In this review, we recapitulate the basic features of the flat-band spin systems and briefly summarize earlier studies in the field. The main emphasis is made on recent developments which include results for both spin and electron flat-band models. In particular, for flat-band spin systems, we highlight field-driven phase transitions for frustrated quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets at low temperatures, chiral flat-band states, as well as the effect of a slight dispersion of a previously strictly flat-band due to nonideal lattice geometry. For electronic systems, we discuss the universal low-temperature behavior of several flat-band Hubbard models, the emergence of ground-state ferromagnetism in the square-lattice Tasaki-Hubbard model and the related Pauli

  20. Local Lagrangian Formalism and Discretization of the Heisenberg Magnet Model

    CERN Document Server

    Karpeev, D

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we develop the Lagrangian and multisymplectic structures of the Heisenberg magnet (HM) model which are then used as the basis for geometric discretizations of HM. Despite a topological obstruction to the existence of a global Lagrangian density, a local variational formulation allows one to derive local conservation laws using a version of N\\"other's theorem from the formal variational calculus of Gelfand-Dikii. Using the local Lagrangian form we extend the method of Marsden, Patrick and Schkoller to derive local multisymplectic discretizations directly from the variational principle. We employ a version of the finite element method to discretize the space of sections of the trivial magnetic spin bundle $N = M\\times S^2$ over an appropriate space-time $M$. Since sections do not form a vector space, the usual FEM bases can be used only locally with coordinate transformations intervening on element boundaries, and conservation properties are guaranteed only within an element. We discuss possible w...

  1. Anisotropic Heisenberg model for a semi-infinite crystal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A semi-infinite Heisenberg model with exchange interactions between nearest and next-nearest neighbors in a simple cubic lattice. The free surface from the other layers of magnetic ions, by choosing a single ion uniaxial anisotropy in the surface (Ds) different from the anisotropy in the other layers (D). Using the Green function formalism, the behavior of magnetization as a function of the temperature for each layer, as well as the spectrum localized magnons for several values of ratio Ds/D for surface magnetization. Above this critical ratio, a ferromagnetic surface layer is obtained white the other layers are already in the paramagnetic phase. In this situation the critical temperature of surface becomes larger than the critical temperature of the bulk. (Author)

  2. The elusive Heisenberg limit in quantum-enhanced metrology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demkowicz-Dobrzański, Rafał; Kołodyński, Jan; Guţă, Mădălin

    2012-01-01

    Quantum precision enhancement is of fundamental importance for the development of advanced metrological optical experiments, such as gravitational wave detection and frequency calibration with atomic clocks. Precision in these experiments is strongly limited by the 1/√N shot noise factor with N being the number of probes (photons, atoms) employed in the experiment. Quantum theory provides tools to overcome the bound by using entangled probes. In an idealized scenario this gives rise to the Heisenberg scaling of precision 1/N. Here we show that when decoherence is taken into account, the maximal possible quantum enhancement in the asymptotic limit of infinite N amounts generically to a constant factor rather than quadratic improvement. We provide efficient and intuitive tools for deriving the bounds based on the geometry of quantum channels and semi-definite programming. We apply these tools to derive bounds for models of decoherence relevant for metrological applications including: depolarization, dephasing, spontaneous emission and photon loss. PMID:22990859

  3. Soft Heisenberg hair on black holes in three dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Afshar, Hamid; Grumiller, Daniel; Merbis, Wout; Perez, Alfredo; Tempo, David; Troncoso, Ricardo

    2016-01-01

    Three-dimensional Einstein gravity with negative cosmological constant admits stationary black holes that are not necessarily spherically symmetric. We propose boundary conditions for the near horizon region of these black holes that lead to a surprisingly simple near horizon symmetry algebra consisting of two affine u(1) current algebras. The symmetry algebra is essentially equivalent to the Heisenberg algebra. The associated charges give a specific example of "soft hair" on the horizon, as defined by Hawking, Perry and Strominger. We show that soft hair does not contribute to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black holes and "black flower" generalizations. From the near horizon perspective the conformal generators at asymptotic infinity appear as composite operators, which we interpret in the spirit of black hole complementarity. Another remarkable feature of our boundary conditions is that they are singled out by requiring that the whole spectrum is compatible with regularity at ...

  4. Optimal uncertainty relations in a modified Heisenberg algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Abdelkhalek, Kais; Fiedler, Leander; Mangano, Gianpiero; Schwonnek, René

    2016-01-01

    Various theories that aim at unifying gravity with quantum mechanics suggest modifications of the Heisenberg algebra for position and momentum. From the perspective of quantum mechanics, such modifications lead to new uncertainty relations which are thought (but not proven) to imply the existence of a minimal observable length. Here we prove this statement in a framework of sufficient physical and structural assumptions. Moreover, we present a general method that allows to formulate optimal and state-independent variance-based uncertainty relations. In addition, instead of variances, we make use of entropies as a measure of uncertainty and provide uncertainty relations in terms of min- and Shannon entropies. We compute the corresponding entropic minimal lengths and find that the minimal length in terms of min-entropy is exactly one bit.

  5. Some properties of H\\"older surfaces in the Heisenberg group

    CERN Document Server

    Donne, Enrico Le

    2012-01-01

    It is a folk conjecture that for alpha > 1/2 there is no alpha-Hoelder surface in the subRiemannian Heisenberg group. Namely, it is expected that there is no embedding from an open subset of R^2 into the Heisenberg group that is Hoelder continuous of order strictly greater than 1/2. The Heisenberg group here is equipped with its Carnot-Caratheodory distance. We show that, in the case that such a surface exists, it cannot be of essential bounded variation and it intersects some vertical line in at least a topological Cantor set.

  6. Exact solution of the D3 non-Abelian anyon chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braylovskaya, Natalia; Finch, Peter E.; Frahm, Holger

    2016-08-01

    Commuting transfer matrices for linear chains of interacting non-Abelian anyons from the two-dimensional irreducible representation of the dihedral group D3 [or, equivalently, the integer sector of the s u (2) 4 spin-1 chain] are constructed using the spin-anyon correspondence to a D3-symmetric formulation of the XXZ Heisenberg spin chain. The spectral problem is solved using discrete inversion identities satisfied by these transfer matrices and functional Bethe ansatz methods. The resulting spectrum can be related to that of the XXZ spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain with boundary conditions depending on the topological sector of the anyon chain. The properties of this model in the critical regime are studied by finite size analysis of the spectrum. In particular, points in the phase diagram where the anyon chain realizes some of the rational Z2 orbifold theories are identified.

  7. Exact solution of the $D_3$ non-Abelian anyon chain

    CERN Document Server

    Braylovskaya, Natalia; Frahm, Holger

    2016-01-01

    Commuting transfer matrices for linear chains of interacting non-Abelian anyons from the two-dimensional irreducible representation of the dihedral group $D_3$ (or, equivalently, the integer sector of the $su(2)_4$ spin-$1$ chain) are constructed using the spin-anyon correspondence to a $D_3$-symmetric formulation of the XXZ Heisenberg spin chain. The spectral problem is solved using discrete inversion identities satisfied by these transfer matrices and functional Bethe ansatz methods. The resulting spectrum can be related to that of the XXZ spin-$1/2$ Heisenberg chain with boundary conditions depending on the topological sector of the anyon chain. The properties of this model in the critical regime are studied by finite size analysis of the spectrum. In particular, points in the phase diagram where the anyon chain realizes some of the rational $\\mathbb{Z}_2$ orbifold theories are identified.

  8. Heisenberg XX自旋环中的纠缠开关%Entanglement Switch in Heisenberg XX Spin Rings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海超; 揭泉林

    2012-01-01

    This paper is devoted to analyse the three-qubit Heisenberg XX rings in a uniform magnetic field, and by controlling of the coupling of a site we can change the entanglement between other two sites. We find that thermal entanglement exhibits a platform-like behaviour and entangled value is equal to 1 when coupling of the site which was controlled is small than that was not controlled,the width of the platform-like region could he controlled by changing the coupling between was not sites, This novel property may be used as a quantum entanglement switch. At the same time, we analyse the situation that two sites were controlled, the entanglement maximal switch still can be realized. Moreover, we find that there are linear relation in the spin-spin interactions.%研究了在均匀磁场中的三格点Heisenberg XX自旋环,通过控制一个格点的耦合参数,来调控另外两个格点之间的纠缠.理论上发现当控制格点的耦合参数比未控制格点的耦合参数小时,未控制格点间的纠缠随磁场变化会出现一个纠缠值为1的平台.在较低温度下,平台的宽度与未控制格点间的耦合参数值相等,是一个很好的纠缠开关.同时,分析了存在两个控制格点的情况,也可以得到纠缠值为1的开关,并发现自旋相互作用具有线性关系.

  9. Comment on 'Generalized Heisenberg algebra coherent states for power-law potentials'

    CERN Document Server

    Iqbal, Shahid

    2011-01-01

    We argue that the statistical features of generalized coherent states for power-law potentials based on Heisenberg algebra, presented in a recent paper by Berrada et al (Phys. Lett. A, 375, 298 (2011)) are incorrect.

  10. THE UNIFORMLY BOUNDEDNESS OF THE RIESZ TRANSFORMS ON THE CAYLEY HEISENBERG GROUPS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luan Jingwen; Zhu Fuliu

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors estimate some functions by using the explicit ex-pression of the heat kernels for the Cayley Heisenberg groups, and then prove the uniform boundedneas of the Riesz transforms on these nilpotent Lie groups.

  11. Smoothness of Heat Kernel Measures on Infinite-Dimensional Heisenberg-Like Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Dobbs, Daniel; Melcher, Tai

    2012-01-01

    We study measures associated to Brownian motions on infinite-dimensional Heisenberg-like groups. In particular, we prove that the associated path space measure and heat kernel measure satisfy a strong definition of smoothness.

  12. Hardy-Type Inequalities on H-Type Groups and Anisotropic Heisenberg Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongyang JIN

    2008-01-01

    The author obtains some weighted Hardy-type inequalities on H-type groups and anisotropic Heisenberg groups.These inequalities generalize some recent results due to N.Garofalo,E.Lanconelli,I.Kombe and P.Niu et al.

  13. Employing Taylor and Heisenberg subfilter viscosities to simulate turbulent statistics in LES models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degrazia, G. A.; Rizza, U.; Puhales, F. S.; Welter, G. S.; Acevedo, O. C.; Maldaner, S.

    2012-02-01

    A turbulent subfilter viscosity for Large Eddy Simulation (LES) based on the Taylor statistical diffusion theory is proposed. This viscosity is described in terms of a velocity variance and a time scale, both associated to the inertial subrange. This new subfilter viscosity contains a cutoff wavenumber kc, presenting an identical form (differing by a constant) to the Heisenberg subfilter viscosity. Therefore, both subfilter viscosities are described in terms of a sharp division between large and small wavenumbers of a turbulent flow and, henceforth, Taylor and Heisenberg subfilter viscosities are in agreement with the sharp Fourier filtering operation, frequently employed in LES models. Turbulent statistics of different orders, generated from atmospheric boundary layer simulations employing both Taylor and Heisenberg subfilter viscosities have been compared with observations and results provided by other simulations. The comparison shows that the LES model utilizing the approaches of Taylor and Heisenberg reproduces these turbulent statistics correctly in different vertical regions of a planetary convective boundary layer (CBL).

  14. Heisenberg Algebra in the Bargmann-Fock Space with Natural Cutoffs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Roushan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We construct a Heisenberg algebra in Bargmann-Fock space in the presence of natural cutoffs encoded as minimal length, minimal momentum, and maximal momentum through a generalized uncertainty principle.

  15. SOME LIOUVILLE TYPE THEOREMS FOR THE P-SUB-LAPLACIAN ON THE GROUP OF HEISENBERG TYPE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Zixia; Niu Pengcheng

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we prove some Liouville type results for the p-sub-Laplacian on the group of Heisenberg type. A strong maximum principle and a Hopf type principle concerning p-sub-Laplacian are established.

  16. On logarithmic Sobolev inequalities for the heat kernel on the Heisenberg group

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnefont, Michel; Chafaï, Djalil; Herry, Ronan

    2016-01-01

    In this note, we derive a new logarithmic Sobolev inequality for the heat kernel on the Heisenberg group. The proof is inspired from the historical method of Leonard Gross with the Central Limit Theorem for a random walk. Here the non commutativity of the increments produces a new gradient which naturally involves a Brownian bridge on the Heisenberg group. This new inequality contains the optimal logarithmic Sobolev inequality for the Gaussian distribution in two dimensions. We show that this...

  17. Thermal quantum discord in Heisenberg models with Dzyaloshinski-Moriya interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Lin-Cheng; Yan Jun-Yan; Yi Xue-Xi

    2011-01-01

    We study the quantum discord of the bipartite Heisenberg model with the Dzyaloshinski-Moriya(DM)interaction in thermal equilibrium state and discuss the effect of the DM interaction on the quantum discord.The quantum entanglement of the system is also discussed and compared with quantum discord. Our results show that the quantum discord may reveal more properties of the system than quantum entanglement and the DM interaction may play an important role in the Heisenberg model.

  18. Anderson localization of spinons in a spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain

    OpenAIRE

    Pan, B. Y.; Zhou, S. Y.; Hong, X. C.; Qiu, X; Li, S. Y.

    2012-01-01

    Anderson localization is a general phenomenon of wave physics, which stems from the interference between multiple scattering paths1,2. It was originally proposed for electrons in a crystal, but later was also observed for light3-5, microwaves6, ultrasound7,8, and ultracold atoms9-12. Actually, in a crystal, besides electrons there may exist other quasiparticles such as magnons and spinons. However the search for Anderson localization of these magnetic excitations is rare so far. Here we repor...

  19. Quantum Group U_q(sl(2 Symmetry and Explicit Evaluation of the One-Point Functions of the Integrable Spin-1 XXZ Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetsuo Deguchi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available We show some symmetry relations among the correlation functions of the integrable higher-spin XXX and XXZ spin chains, where we explicitly evaluate the multiple integrals representing the one-point functions in the spin-1 case. We review the multiple-integral representations of correlation functions for the integrable higher-spin XXZ chains derived in a region of the massless regime including the anti-ferromagnetic point. Here we make use of the gauge transformations between the symmetric and asymmetric R-matrices, which correspond to the principal and homogeneous gradings, respectively, and we send the inhomogeneous parameters to the set of complete 2s-strings. We also give a numerical support for the analytical expression of the one-point functions in the spin-1 case.

  20. Stapp's quantum dualism: The James/Heisenberg model of consciousness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Henry Stapp attempts to resolve the Cartesian dilemma by introducing what the author would characterize as an ontological dualism between mind and matter. His model for mind comes from William James' description of conscious events and for matter from Werner Heisenberg's ontological model for quantum events (wave function collapse). His demonstration of the isomorphism between the two types of events is successful, but in the author's opinion fails to establish a monistic, scientific theory. The author traces Stapp's failure to his adamant rejection of arbitrariness, or 'randomness'. This makes it impossible for him (or for Bohr and Pauli before him) to understand the power of Darwin's explanation of biology, let along the triumphs of modern 'neo-Darwinism'. The author notes that the point at issue is a modern version of the unresolved opposition between Leucippus and Democritus on one side and Epicurus on the other. Stapp's views are contrasted with recent discussions of consciousness by two eminent biologists: Crick and Edelman. They locate the problem firmly in the context of natural selection on the surface of the earth. Their approaches provide a sound basis for further scientific work. The author briefly examines the connection between this scientific (rather than ontological) framework and the new fundamental theory based on bit-strings and the combinatorial hierarchy

  1. Soft Heisenberg hair on black holes in three dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afshar, Hamid; Detournay, Stephane; Grumiller, Daniel; Merbis, Wout; Perez, Alfredo; Tempo, David; Troncoso, Ricardo

    2016-05-01

    Three-dimensional Einstein gravity with a negative cosmological constant admits stationary black holes that are not necessarily spherically symmetric. We propose boundary conditions for the near-horizon region of these black holes that lead to a surprisingly simple near-horizon symmetry algebra consisting of two affine u ^(1 ) current algebras. The symmetry algebra is essentially equivalent to the Heisenberg algebra. The associated charges give a specific example of "soft hair" on the horizon, as defined by Hawking, Perry and Strominger. We show that soft hair does not contribute to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of Bañados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black holes and "black flower" generalizations. From the near-horizon perspective the conformal generators at asymptotic infinity appear as composite operators, which we interpret in the spirit of black hole complementarity. Another remarkable feature of our boundary conditions is that they are singled out by requiring that the whole spectrum is compatible with regularity at the horizon, regardless of the value of the global charges like mass or angular momentum. Finally, we address black hole microstates and generalizations to cosmological horizons.

  2. Bipartite entanglement in spin-1/2Heisenberg model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Ming-Liang; TIAN Dong-Ping

    2008-01-01

    The bipartite entanglement of the two-and three-spin Heisenberg model was investigated by using the concept of negativity.It is found that for the ground-state entanglement of the two-spin model,the negativity always decreases as B increases if A Δ<y-1,and it may keep a steady value of 0.5in the region of B<J[(Δ+1)2-y2]1/2if Δ>y-1,while for that of the three-spin model,the negativity exhibits square wave structures if y=0 or Δ=0.For thermal states,there are two areas showing entanglement,namely,the main region and the sub-region.The main region exists only when Δ>Δc(Δc1=and(y2-1)/2for the 2-and 3-spin model respectively)and extends in terms of B and T as Δ increases,while the sub-region survives only when y≠0 and shrinks in terms of B and T as Δ increases.

  3. Landau-Heisenberg Hamiltonian model for FeRh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derlet, P. M.

    2012-05-01

    An empirical model is developed for the FeRh system with the view of gaining further insight into the first-order antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic (AFM-FM) and volume phase transition known to occur at 370 K. A volume-per-atom dependent minimal nearest neighbor Landau-Heisenberg Hamiltonian is employed in which longitudinal and transverse moment fluctuations are considered for both the Fe and Rh atoms. As a function of volume-per-atom, the corresponding onsite Landau function coefficients and the nearest-neighbor exchange parameters are fitted directly to a wide range of existing colinear and noncolinear density functional theory calculations. Using a developed Monte Carlo strategy the thermal properties of the AFM and FM phases are investigated, as well as the phase transition. It is found that the model is able to describe well the thermal expansion, heat capacities and the associated entropy increase that accompanies the magnetic/volume phase transition. The model suggests an equally important role for the magnetic and volume fluctuations in driving the phase transition.

  4. Reducing Uncertainty: Implementation of Heisenberg Principle to Measure Company Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Svirina

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper addresses the problem of uncertainty reduction in estimation of future company performance, which is a result of wide range of enterprise's intangible assets probable efficiency. To reduce this problem, the paper suggests to use quantum economy principles, i.e. implementation of Heisenberg principle to measure efficiency and potential of intangible assets of the company. It is proposed that for intangibles it is not possible to estimate both potential and efficiency at a certain time point. To provide a proof for these thesis, the data on resources potential and efficiency from mid-Russian companies was evaluated within deterministic approach, which did not allow to evaluate probability of achieving certain resource efficiency, and quantum approach, which allowed to estimate the central point around which the probable efficiency of resources in concentrated. Visualization of these approaches was performed by means of LabView software. It was proven that for tangible assets performance estimation a deterministic approach should be used; while for intangible assets the quantum approach allows better quality of future performance prediction. On the basis of these findings we proposed the holistic approach towards estimation of company resource efficiency in order to reduce uncertainty in modeling company performance.

  5. Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations of Adulteration Effect on Bond Alternating Spin=1/2 Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Peng; Xu, Zhaoxin; Ying, Heping; Dai, Jianhui; Crompton, Peter

    The S=1/2 Heisenberg chain with bond alternation and randomness of antiferromagnetic (AFM) and ferromagnetic (FM) interactions is investigated by quantum Monte Carlo simulations of loop/cluster algorithm. Our results have shown interesting finite temperature magnetic properties of this model. The relevance of our study to former investigation results is discussed.

  6. Spin Chains and Chiral Lattice Fermions

    CERN Document Server

    Thacker, H B

    1995-01-01

    The generalization of Lorentz invariance to solvable two-dimensional lattice fermion models has been formulated in terms of Baxter's corner transfer matrix. In these models, the lattice Hamiltonian and boost operator are given by fermionized nearest-neighbor Heisenberg spin chain operators. The transformation properties of the local lattice fermion operators under a boost provide a natural and precise way of generalizing the chiral structure of a continuum Dirac field to the lattice. The resulting formulation differs from both the Wilson and staggered (Kogut-Susskind) prescriptions. In particular, an axial $Q_5$ rotation is sitewise local, while the vector charge rotation mixes nearest neighbors on even and odd sublattices.

  7. THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF LADDER--LIKE HEISENBERG SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋青; 潘可扬

    1993-01-01

    By combining the cumulant expansion method with the double-chain approximation, we study thermodynamic properties of ladder-like He isenberg system. We find the interaction between interchains has different effect in high and low temperature.

  8. Universally valid reformulation of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle on noise and disturbance in measurement

    CERN Document Server

    Ozawa, M

    2003-01-01

    The Heisenberg uncertainty principle states that the product of the noise in a position measurement and the momentum disturbance caused by that measurement should be no less than the limit set by Planck's constant, hbar/2, as demonstrated by Heisenberg's thought experiment using a gamma-ray microscope. Here I show that this common assumption is false: a universally valid trade-off relation between the noise and the disturbance has an additional correlation term, which is redundant when the intervention brought by the measurement is independent of the measured object, but which allows the noise-disturbance product much below Planck's constant when the intervention is dependent. A model of measuring interaction with dependent intervention shows that Heisenberg's lower bound for the noise-disturbance product is violated even by a nearly nondisturbing, precise position measuring instrument. An experimental implementation is also proposed to realize the above model in the context of optical quadrature measurement ...

  9. Quantum gravity in Heisenberg representation and self-consistent theory of gravitons in macroscopic spacetime

    CERN Document Server

    Vereshkov, Grigory

    2011-01-01

    The first mathematically consistent exact equations of quantum gravity in the Heisenberg representation and Hamilton gauge are obtained. It is shown that the path integral over the canonical variables in the Hamilton gauge is mathematically equivalent to the operator equations of quantum theory of gravity with canonical rules of quantization of the gravitational and ghost fields. In its operator formulation, the theory can be used to calculate the graviton S-matrix as well as to describe the quantum evolution of macroscopic system of gravitons in the non-stationary Universe or in the vicinity of relativistic objects. In the S-matrix case, the standard results are obtained. For problems of the second type, the original Heisenberg equations of quantum gravity are converted to a self-consistent system of equations for the metric of the macroscopic spacetime and Heisenberg operators of quantum fields. It is shown that conditions of the compatibility and internal consistency of this system of equations are perform...

  10. The entanglement negativity in random spin chains

    CERN Document Server

    Ruggiero, Paola; Calabrese, Pasquale

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the logarithmic negativity in strongly-disordered spin chains in the random-singlet phase. We focus on the spin-1/2 random Heisenberg chain and the random XX chain. We find that for two arbitrary intervals the disorder-averaged negativity and the mutual information are proportional to the number of singlets shared between the two intervals. Using the strong-disorder renormalization group (SDRG), we prove that the negativity of two adjacent intervals grows logarithmically with the intervals length. In particular, the scaling behavior is the same as in conformal field theory, but with a different prefactor. For two disjoint intervals the negativity is given by a universal simple function of the cross ratio, reflecting scale invariance. As a function of the distance of the two intervals, the negativity decays algebraically in contrast with the exponential behavior in clean models. We confirm our predictions using a numerical implementation of the SDRG method. Finally, we also implement DMRG simula...

  11. Ground state of a spin-1/2 Heisenberg-Ising two-leg ladder with XYZ intra-rung coupling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Verkholyak

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The quantum spin-1/2 two-leg ladder with an anisotropic XYZ Heisenberg intra-rung interaction and Ising inter-rung interactions is treated by means of a rigorous approach based on the unitary transformation. The particular case of the considered model with X-X intra-rung interaction resembles a quantum compass ladder with additional frustrating diagonal Ising interactions. Using an appropriately chosen unitary transformation, the model under investigation may be reduced to a transverse Ising chain with composite spins, and one may subsequently find the ground state quite rigorously. We obtain a ground-state phase diagram and analyze the interplay of the competition between several factors: the XYZ anisotropy in the Heisenberg intra-rung coupling, the Ising interaction along the legs, and the frustrating diagonal Ising interaction. The investigated model shows extraordinarily diverse ground-state phase diagrams including several unusual quantum ordered phases, two different disordered quantum paramagnetic phases, as well as discontinuous or continuous quantum phase transitions between those phases.

  12. Kappa-deformation of Heisenberg algebra and coalgebra; generalized Poincare algebras and R-matrix

    CERN Document Server

    Meljanac, Stjepan; Strajn, Rina

    2012-01-01

    We deform Heisenberg algebra and corresponding coalgebra by twist. We present undeformed and deformed tensor identities. Coalgebras for the generalized Poincar\\'{e} algebras have been constructed. The exact universal $R$-matrix for the deformed Heisenberg (co)algebra is found. We show, up to the third order in the deformation parameter, that in the case of $\\kappa$-Poincar\\'{e} Hopf algebra this $R$-matrix can be expressed in terms of Poincar\\'{e} generators only. This implies that the states of any number of identical particles can be defined in a $\\kappa$-covariant way.

  13. Some Consequences of a Generalization to Heisenberg Algebra in Quantum Electrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Camacho, A

    2003-01-01

    In this essay it will be shown that the introduction of a modification to Heisenberg algebra (here this feature means the existence of a minimal obserlvable length), as a fundamental part of the quantization process of the electrodynamical field, renders states in which the uncertainties in the two quadrature components violate the usual Heisenberg uncertainty relation. Hence in this context it may be asserted that any physically realistic generalization of the uncertainty principle must include, not only a minimal observable length, but also a minimal observable momentum.

  14. Un-equivalency Theorem of Deformed Heisenberg-Weyl's Algebra in Noncommutative Space

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, J Z

    2006-01-01

    An extensively tacit understandings of equivalency between the deformed Heisenberg-Weyl algebra in noncommutative space and the undeformed Heisenberg-Weyl algebra in commutative space is elucidated. Equivalency conditions between two algebras are clarified. It is explored that the deformed algebra related to the undeformed one by a non-orthogonal similarity transformation. Furthermore, non-existence of a unitary similarity transformation which transforms the deformed algebra to the undeformed one is demonstrated. The un-equivalency theorem between the deformed and the undeformed algebras is fully proved. Elucidation of this un-equivalency theorem has basic meaning both in theory and practice.

  15. Entanglement and dynamics of spin chains in periodically pulsed magnetic fields: accelerator modes

    OpenAIRE

    Boness, T.; Bose, S.; Monteiro, T.

    2006-01-01

    We study the dynamics of a single excitation in a Heisenberg spin-chain subjected to a sequence of periodic pulses from an external, parabolic, magnetic field. We show that, for experimentally reasonable parameters, a pair of counter-propagating coherent states are ejected from the centre of the chain. We find an illuminating correspondence with the quantum time evolution of the well-known paradigm of quantum chaos, the Quantum Kicked Rotor (QKR). From this we can analyse the entanglement pro...

  16. Teleportation via thermally entangled state of a three-qubit Heisenberg XX ring

    OpenAIRE

    Yeo, Ye

    2003-01-01

    We consider quantum teleportation using the thermally entangled state of a three-qubit Heisenberg XX ring as a resource. Our investigation reveals interesting aspects of quantum entanglement not reflected by the pairwise thermal concurrence of the state. In particular, two mixtures of different pairs of W states, which result in the same concurrence, could yield very differrent average teleportation fidelities.

  17. Neutron-scattering cross section of the S=1/2 Heisenberg triangular antiferromagnet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lefmann, K.; Hedegård, P.

    1994-01-01

    In this paper we use a Schwinger-boson mean-field approach to calculate the neutron-scattering cross section from the S = 1/2 antiferromagnet with nearest-neighbor isotropic Heisenberg interaction on a two-dimensional triangular lattice. We investigate two solutions for T = 0: (i) a state with long...

  18. Friction factor for turbulent flow in rough pipes from Heisenberg's closure hypothesis

    CERN Document Server

    Calzetta, Esteban

    2009-01-01

    We show that the main results of the analysis of the friction factor for turbulent pipe flow reported in G. Gioia and P. Chakraborty (GC), Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 044502 (1996) can be recovered by assuming the Heisenberg closure hypothesis for the turbulent spectrum. This highlights the structural features of the turbulent spectrum underlying GC's analysis.

  19. Friction factor for turbulent flow in rough pipes from Heisenberg's closure hypothesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calzetta, Esteban

    2009-05-01

    We show that the main results of the analysis of the friction factor for turbulent pipe flow reported by Gioia and Chakraborty [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 044502 (2006)] can be recovered by assuming the Heisenberg closure hypothesis for the turbulent spectrum. This highlights the structural features of the turbulent spectrum underlying the analysis of Gioia and Chakraborty.

  20. Exact Results for Spin-Wave Renormalisation in Heisenberg and Planar Ferromagnets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rastelli, E.; Lindgård, Per-Anker

    1979-01-01

    An exact perturbation expansion, to the order 1/S2, is derived for the Heisenberg ferromagnet. The equivalence of the Dyson-Maleev (DM), Holstein-Primakoff (HP) and matching-of-matrix-element (MME) transformations is proven. They give identical T5/2 and T4 coefficients. For the planar ferromagnet...

  1. Quantum nonlocality of Heisenberg XX model with Site-dependent Coupling Strength

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, C; Tong, D M; Kwek, L C; Oh, C H; Wu, Chunfeng; Chen, Jing-Ling; Wu, Chunfeng; Chen, Jing-Ling

    2004-01-01

    We show that the generalized Bell inequality is violated in the extended Heisenberg model when the temperature is below a threshold value. The threshold temperature values are obtained by constructing exact solutions of the model using the temperature-dependent correlation functions. The effect due to the presence of external magnetic field is also illustrated.

  2. A comparison principle for singular parabolic equations in the Heisenberg group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Ochoa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we prove a comparison principle for singular parabolic equations with boundary conditions in the context of the Heisenberg group. In particular, this result applies to interesting equations, such as the parabolic infinite Laplacian, the mean curvature flow equation and more general homogeneous diffusions.

  3. Heisenberg quantization for the systems of identical particles and the Pauli exclusion principle in noncommutative spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Alavi, S A

    2002-01-01

    We study the Heisenberg quantization for the systems of identical particles in noncommtative spaces. We get fermions and bosons as a special cases of our argument, in the same way as commutative case and therefore we conclude that the Pauli exclusion principle is also valid in noncommutative spaces.

  4. Werner Heisenberg and the German Uranium Project 1939 - 1945. Myths and Facts

    CERN Document Server

    Gottstein, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    The results of a careful analysis of all the available information on the activities of Heisenberg and of his talks during the years 1939 to 1945 can be summarized in the following way. Like several other German physicists Heisenberg was drafted by German Army Ordnance when war began in Europe in September 1939 to investigate whether the energy from splitting Uranium nuclei by neutrons could be used for technical and military purposes. Heisenberg found that this is possible in principle but that military use would require such enormous industrial expenditures that it would take many years and would be impracticable while the war lasted. The project was therefore dropped by the Nazi government in 1942. Heisenberg even refrained from calculating a precise value for the critical mass of U 235. He was relieved that he was thus spared a moral decision between obeying an order to build the bomb or risking his life by refusing to be involved in the project or sabotaging it. He was happy to be confined to a project o...

  5. Exact Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula for the contact Heisenberg algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Bravetti, Alessandro; Tapias, Diego

    2016-01-01

    In this work we introduce the contact Heisenberg algebra as the Lie algebra of linear functions over a contact manifold and we give the exact expression of its corresponding Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula. We argue that this result is relevant to the quantization of contact systems.

  6. Laguerre expansion on the Heisenberg group and Fourier-Bessel transform on Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHANG; Der-Chen; GRIENER; Peter; TIE; Jingzhi

    2006-01-01

    Given a principal value convolution on the Heisenberg group Hn = Cn × R, we study the relation between its Laguerre expansion and the Fourier-Bessel expansion of its limit on Cn. We also calculate the Dirichlet kernel for the Laguerre expansion on the group Hn.

  7. Numerical Evidence of Spin-Chirality Decoupling in the Three-Dimensional Heisenberg Spin Glass Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viet, Dao Xuan; Kawamura, Hikaru

    2009-01-01

    Ordering of the three-dimensional Heisenberg spin glass with Gaussian coupling is studied by extensive Monte Carlo simulations. The model undergoes successive chiral-glass and spin-glass transitions at nonzero temperatures TCG>TSG>0, exhibiting spin-chirality decoupling.

  8. Numerical evidence of the spin-chirality decoupling in the three-dimensional Heisenberg spin glass

    OpenAIRE

    Viet, Dao Xuan; Kawamura, Hikaru

    2008-01-01

    Ordering of the three-dimensional Heisenberg spin glass with Gaussian coupling is studied by extensive Monte Carlo simulations. The model undergoes successive chiral-glass and spin-glass transitions at nonzero temperatures T_{CG} > T_{SG} > 0, exhibiting the spin-chirality decoupling.

  9. Fick's law and Ohm's law: reduction from Heisenberg equation of motion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fick's law and Ohm's law are linear relationships of a macroscopic nature involving neutral and charged particles out of equilibrium. Their validity is examined by comparing the equation of motion which these laws represent with the Heisenberg equation of motion. Conditions that reduce the exact equation to the phenomenological equation are identified and their significance discussed. (orig.)

  10. High-field spin dynamics of antiferromagnetic quantum spin chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enderle, M.; Regnault, L.P.; Broholm, C.;

    2000-01-01

    The characteristic internal order of macroscopic quantum ground states in one-dimensional spin systems is usually not directly accessible, but reflected in the spin dynamics and the field dependence of the magnetic excitations. In high magnetic fields quantum phase transitions are expected. We...... present recent work on the high-field spin dynamics of the S = I antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains NENP (Haldane ground state) and CsNiCl3 (quasi-1D HAF close to the quantum critical point), the uniform S = 1/2 chain CTS, and the spin-Peierls system CuGeO3. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B,V. All rights...

  11. Heat capacity and monogamy relations in the mixed-three-spin XXX Heisenberg model at low temperatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zad, Hamid Arian; Movahhedian, Hossein

    2016-08-01

    Heat capacity of a mixed-three-spin (1/2,1,1/2) antiferromagnetic XXX Heisenberg chain is precisely investigated by use of the partition function of the system for which, spins (1,1/2) have coupling constant J1 and spins (1/2,1/2) have coupling constant J2. We verify tripartite entanglement for the model by means of the convex roof extended negativity (CREN) and concurrence as functions of temperature T, homogeneous magnetic field B and the coupling constants J1 and J2. As shown in our previous work, [H. A. Zad, Chin. Phys. B 25 (2016) 030303.] the temperature, the magnetic field and the coupling constants dependences of the heat capacity for such spin system have different behaviors for the entangled and separable states, hence, we did some useful comparisons between this quantity and negativities of its organized bipartite (sub)systems at entangled and separable states. Here, we compare the heat capacity of the mixed-three-spin (1/2,1,1/2) system with the CREN and the tripartite concurrence (as measures of the tripartite entanglement) at low temperature. Ground state phase transitions, and also, transition from ground state to some excited states are explained in detail for this system at zero temperature. Finally, we investigate the heat capacity behavior around those critical points in which these quantum phase transitions occur.

  12. Generando entrelazamiento en cadenas XY - (Generating entanglement in XY chains)

    CERN Document Server

    Schmiegelow, C T

    2006-01-01

    Se estudia en este trabajo la capacidad de generar entrelazamiento de una cadena de espines con acoplamiento de Heisenberg XY y un campo magnetico uniforme a partir de un estado inicial en el que los espines estan completamente alineados. Se encuentra que la capacidad de generar estados entrelazados no muestra un comportamiento monotono con el campo presentando, en cambio, plateaus y resonancias. Tambien se muestra que, a pesar de que la anisotropia es necesaria para que se generen estados entrelazados, una mayor anisotropia no implica necesariamente mejores condiciones para generar entrelazamiento que sirva para usarse en una computadora cuantica. Inclusive, se observa que, se genera una cantidad finita de entrelazamiento en el limite de pequena anisotropia. (The maximum entanglement reached by an initially fully aligned state evolving in a XY Heisenberg spin chain placed in a uniform transverse magnetic field is studied. It is shown that the capacity to create entangled states (both of one qubit with the re...

  13. Quantum gates controlled by spin chain soliton excitations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Propagation of soliton-like excitations along spin chains has been proposed as a possible way for transmitting both classical and quantum information between two distant parties with negligible dispersion and dissipation. In this work, a somewhat different use of solitons is considered. Solitons propagating along a spin chain realize an effective magnetic field, well localized in space and time, which can be exploited as a means to manipulate the state of an external spin (i.e., a qubit) that is weakly coupled to the chain. We have investigated different couplings between the qubit and the chain, as well as different soliton shapes, according to a Heisenberg chain model. It is found that symmetry properties strongly affect the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, and the most suitable setups for implementing single qubit quantum gates are singled out

  14. The night of the physicists. Heisenberg, Hahn, Weizsaecker, and the German bomb; Die Nacht der Physiker. Heisenberg, Hahn, Weizsaecker und die deutsche Bombe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schirach, Richard von

    2014-07-01

    Finally the German atomic physicists around Heisenberg, von Weizsaecker, and Hahn worked on their ''uranium machine'' in a Swabian beer-cellar - and took themselves for the world elite of nuclear research. In imprisonment they heared from the dropping of the Hiroshima bomb - a shock. Richard von Schirach shows the hindered ''fathers of the German atomic bomb'' in close-up, their eagerness, their hybris, their true importance, and their attempts to give after the war a new interpretation of their own role. A book, which raises in the sense of Duerrenmatt the question for the responsibility of science.

  15. A generalized Wigner function on the space of irreducible representations of the Weyl-Heisenberg group and its transformation properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A natural extension of the Wigner function to the space of irreducible unitary representations of the Weyl-Heisenberg group is discussed. The action of the automorphisms group of the Weyl-Heisenberg group onto Wigner functions and their generalizations and onto symplectic tomograms is elucidated. Some examples of physical systems are considered to illustrate some aspects of the characterization of the Wigner functions as solutions of differential equations

  16. A generalized Wigner function on the space of irreducible representations of the Weyl-Heisenberg group and its transformation properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ibort, A [Departamento de Matematicas, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganes, Madrid (Spain); Man' ko, V I [P N Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninskii Prospect 53, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Marmo, G; Simoni, A; Ventriglia, F [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche dell' Universita ' Federico II' e Sezione INFN di Napoli, Complesso Universitario di Monte S Angelo, via Cintia, 80126 Naples (Italy)], E-mail: albertoi@math.uc3m.es, E-mail: manko@na.infn.it, E-mail: marmo@na.infn.it, E-mail: simoni@na.infn.it, E-mail: ventriglia@na.infn.it

    2009-04-17

    A natural extension of the Wigner function to the space of irreducible unitary representations of the Weyl-Heisenberg group is discussed. The action of the automorphisms group of the Weyl-Heisenberg group onto Wigner functions and their generalizations and onto symplectic tomograms is elucidated. Some examples of physical systems are considered to illustrate some aspects of the characterization of the Wigner functions as solutions of differential equations.

  17. Coherent States and Schwinger Models for Pseudo Generalization of the Heisenberg Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakhri, H.; Mojaveri, B.; Dehghani, A.

    We show that the non-Hermitian Hamiltonians of the simple harmonic oscillator with {PT} and {C} symmetries involve a pseudo generalization of the Heisenberg algebra via two pairs of creation and annihilation operators which are {T}-pseudo-Hermiticity and {P}-anti-pseudo-Hermiticity of each other. The non-unitary Heisenberg algebra is represented by each of the pair of the operators in two different ways. Consequently, the coherent and the squeezed coherent states are calculated in two different approaches. Moreover, it is shown that the approach of Schwinger to construct the su(2), su(1, 1) and sp(4, ℝ) unitary algebras is promoted so that unitary algebras with more linearly dependent number of generators are made.

  18. Protocols for three-party quantum teleportation using Heisenberg XX model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently Yeo showed that the thermal states of one-dimensional Heisenberg XX model could be used for three-party quantum teleportation with W protocol. On the other hand Jin et al. showed that the best condition for three-party quantum teleportation would depend on the protocols. So in this article, for three-party quantum teleportation using thermal state of one-dimensional Heisenberg XX model, we will not only consider known three protocols but also suggest two protocols of new type. And we will obtain the best fidelity conditions to each protocol. We can see that type I W protocol and two protocols of new type provide best fidelity 79

  19. The Most General Form of Deformation of the Heisenberg Algebra from the Generalized Uncertainty Principle

    CERN Document Server

    Masood, Syed; Zaz, Zaid; Ali, Ahmed Farag; Raza, Jamil; Shah, Mushtaq B

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we will propose the most general form of the deformation of Heisenberg algebra motivated by the generalized uncertainty principle. This deformation of the Heisenberg algebra will deform all quantum mechanical systems. The form of the generalized uncertainty principle used to motivate these results will be motivated by space fractional quantum mechanics and non-locality in quantum mechanical systems. We also analyse a specific limit of this generalized deformation for one dimensional system, and in that limit, a nonlocal deformation of the momentum operator generates a local deformation of all one dimensional quantum mechanical systems. We analyse the low energy effects of this deformation on a harmonic oscillator, Landau levels, Lamb shift, and potential barrier. We also demonstrate that this deformation leads to a discretization of space.

  20. Contact structures of arbitrary codimension and idempotents in the Heisenberg algebra

    CERN Document Server

    van Erp, Erik

    2010-01-01

    A contact manifold is a manifold equipped with a distribution of codimension one that satisfies a `maximal non-integrability' condition. A standard example of a contact structure is a strictly pseudoconvex CR manifold, and operators of analytic interest are the tangential Cauchy-Riemann operator and the Szego projector onto its kernel. The Heisenberg calculus is the natural pseudodifferential calculus developed originally for the analysis of these particular operators. We introduce a `non-integrability' condition for a distribution of arbitrary codimension that directly generalizes the definition of a contact structure. We call such distributions k-contact structures. We prove that the k-contact condition is equivalent to the existence of nontrivial projectors in the Heisenberg calculus, and explore geometrically interesting examples of k-contact structures for k strictly larger than one. We show that k-contact structures and CR structures are mutually exclusive classes of distributions for all codimensions e...

  1. Representation of the Heisenberg Algebra h4 by the Lowest Landau Levels and Their Coherent States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakhri, H.; Shadman, Z.

    Using simultaneous shape invariance with respect to two different parameters, we introduce a pair of appropriate operators which realize shape invariance symmetry for the monomials on a half-axis. It leads to the derivation of rotational symmetry and dynamical symmetry group H4 with infinite-fold degeneracy for the lowest Landau levels. This allows us to represent the Heisenberg-Lie algebra h4 not only by the lowest Landau levels, but also by their corresponding standard coherent states.

  2. Sub-Planck phase-space structures and Heisenberg-limited measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Toscano, F.; Dalvit, D. A. R.; Davidovich, L.; Zurek, W. H.

    2005-01-01

    We show how sub-Planck phase-space structures in the Wigner function can be used to achieve Heisenberg-limited sensitivity in weak force measurements. Nonclassical states of harmonic oscillators, consisting of superpositions of coherent states, are shown to be useful for the measurement of weak forces that cause translations or rotations in phase space, which is done by entangling the quantum oscillator with a two-level system. Implementations of this strategy in cavity QED and ion traps are ...

  3. Histogram Monte Carlo study of multicritical behavior in the hexagonal easy-axis Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    OpenAIRE

    Mailhot, A.; Plumer, M. L.; Caillé, A.

    1993-01-01

    The results of a detailed histogram Monte-Carlo study of critical-fluctuation effects on the magnetic-field temperature phase diagram associated with the hexagonal Heisenberg antiferromagnet with weak axial anisotropy are reported. The multiphase point where three lines of continuous transitions merge at the spin-flop boundary exhibits a structure consistent with scaling theory but without the usual umbilicus as found in the case of a bicritical point.

  4. MAGNONS HEAT TRANSPORT AT AN INTEGRATED NANOSTRUCTURE IN ULTRATHIN HEISENBERG FERROMAGNETIC FILMS

    OpenAIRE

    MEHAND BELHADI; SEDIK KHEFFACHE

    2011-01-01

    A theoretical model is presented for the study of magnons heat transfer across an integrated nanostructure acting as interface material between two ultrathin Heisenberg ferromagnetic films. This is done by calculating the transmission rates of the spin wave modes through the consideration of the magnon group velocity modification in the system. The group velocities are calculated explicitly for all propagating frequencies and spin wave incidence angles. The matching method is used with neares...

  5. A nonlinear lattice model for Heisenberg helimagnet and spin wave instabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludvin Felcy, A.; Latha, M. M.; Christal Vasanthi, C.

    2016-10-01

    We study the dynamics of a Heisenberg helimagnet by presenting a square lattice model and proposing the Hamiltonian associated with it. The corresponding equation of motion is constructed after averaging the Hamiltonian using a suitable wavefunction. The stability of the spin wave is discussed by means of Modulational Instability (MI) analysis. The influence of various types of inhomogeneities in the lattice is also investigated by improving the model.

  6. Thermal entanglement in a mixed-spin Heisenberg XXZ model under a nonuniform external magnetic field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The thermal entanglement in (1/2,1) mixed-spin Heisenberg XXZ model is investigated under an external nonuniform magnetic field. In the uniform magnetic field system,the critical magnetic field Bc and critical temperature Tc are increased by increasing the anisotropic parameter k. The degree of magnetic field b plays an important role in improving the critical temperature and enlarging the region of entan-glement in the nonuniform magnetic field system.

  7. Entanglement in Anisotropic Heisenberg Model with Non-Uniform External Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yuan-Feng; CAO Jun-Peng; WANG Yu-Peng

    2005-01-01

    @@ We study entanglement properties of the three-qubit anisotropic Heisenberg model with both uniform and nonuniform external magnetic fields. Analytic expressions for the measures of entanglement at the ground state are obtained. We show that the pairwise entanglement and global entanglement of the system at the ground state clearly depend on the strength and configuration of external fields. The entanglement between some pairs can be enhanced by non-uniform external fields.

  8. Longitudinal Susceptibility of S = 1/2 Low-Dimensional Heisenberg Ferromagnet in a Magnetic Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yuan; XIANG Ying; HU Ai-Yuan

    2008-01-01

    Longitudinal susceptibility of the spin-1/2 low-dimensional Heisenberg ferromagnet in a magnetic field, is studied by the Green's function method within the random phase approximation. The static and dynamic longitudinal susceptibilities are calculated in the low- and high-field regions. Power laws for the position and height of the static susceptibility maximum are shown not to support the predictions of Landau theory.

  9. Magnetoelectric Coupling Induced Electric Dipole Glass State in Heisenberg Spin Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jun-Ming; CHAN-WONG Lai-Wa; CHOY Chung-Loong

    2009-01-01

    Multiferroic behavior in an isotropic Heisenberg spin glass with Gaussian random fields,incorporated bymagnetoelectric coupling derived from the Landau symmetry argument,are investigated.Electric dipole glass transitions at finite ternperature,due to coupling,are demonstrated by Monte Carlo simulation.This electric dipole glass state is solely ascribed to the coupling term with chiral symmetry of the magnetization,while the term associated with the spatial derivative of the squared magnetization has no contribution.

  10. Spectrum of a duality-twisted Ising quantum chain

    CERN Document Server

    Grimm, U

    2002-01-01

    The Ising quantum chain with a peculiar twisted boundary condition is considered. This boundary condition, first introduced in the framework of the spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg quantum chain, is related to the duality transformation, which becomes a symmetry of the model at the critical point. Thus, at the critical point, the Ising quantum chain with the duality-twisted boundary is translationally invariant, similar as in the case of the usual periodic or antiperiodic boundary conditions. The complete energy spectrum of the Ising quantum chain is calculated analytically for finite systems, and the conformal properties of the scaling limit are investigated. This provides an explicit example of a conformal twisted boundary condition and a corresponding generalised twisted partition function.

  11. Global Poincaré Inequalities on the Heisenberg Group and Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Xin DONG; Guo Zhen LU; Li Jing SUN

    2007-01-01

    Let f be in the localized nonisotropie Sobolev space W1,ploc(Hn) on the n-dimensional Heisenberg group Hn=Cn×R, where 1≤p < Q and Q = 2n + 2 is the homogeneous dimension of Hn. Suppose that the subelliptic gradient is gloablly Lp integrable, I.e.,∫Hn|(△)Hnf|pdu is finite. We prove a Poincaré inequality for f on the entire space Hn. Using this inequality we prove that the function f subtracting a certain constant is in the nonisotropic Sobolev space formed by the completion of C∞0(Hn) under the norm of (∫Hn|f|Qp/Qp+(∫Hn|(△)Hn f|p)1/p.We will also prove that the best constants and extremals for such Poincaré inequalities on Hn are the same as those for Sobolev inequalities on Hn. Using the results of Jerison and Lee on the sharp constant and extremals for L2 to L2Q/Q-2 Sobolev inequality on the Heisenberg group, we thus arrive at the explicit best constant for the aforementioned Poincaré inequality on Hn when p = 2. We also derive the lower bound of the best constants for local Poincaré inequalities over metric balls on the Heisenberg group Hn.

  12. Zigzag order and phase competition in expanded Kitaev–Heisenberg model on honeycomb lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Expanded Kitaev–Heisenberg model on honeycomb lattice is investigated. • Kitaev interactions between the first or second nearest neighbors are considered. • Phase competition is discussed by energy calculation and Monte Carlo simulation. • Zigzag phase shows a symmetric behavior to the stripy phase. • Zigzag order is extended to the whole parameter range by more interactions. - Abstract: The Kitaev–Heisenberg model on the honeycomb lattice is investigated in two cases: (I) with the Kitaev interaction between the nearest neighbors, and (II) with the Kitaev interaction between the next nearest neighbors. In the full parameter range, the ground states are searched by Monte Carlo simulation and identified by evaluating the correlation functions. The energies of different phases are calculated and compared with the simulated result to show the phase competition. It is observed from both energy calculation and the density of states that the zigzag order shows a symmetric behavior to the stripy phase in the pure Kitaev–Heisenberg model. By considering more interactions in both cases, the energy of zigzag order can be reduced lower than the energies of other states. Thus the zigzag phase may be stabilized in more parameter region and even extended to the whole parameter range

  13. Falling chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Chun Wa; Yasui, Kosuke

    2006-06-01

    The one-dimensional fall of a folded chain with one end suspended from a rigid support and a chain falling from a resting heap on a table is studied. Because their Lagrangians contain no explicit time dependence, the falling chains are conservative systems. Their equations of motion are shown to contain a term that enforces energy conservation when masses are transferred between subchains. We show that Cayley's 1857 energy nonconserving solution for a chain falling from a resting heap is incorrect because it neglects the energy gained when a link leaves a subchain. The maximum chain tension measured by Calkin and March for the falling folded chain is given a simple if rough interpretation. Other aspects of the falling folded chain are briefly discussed.

  14. Decoherence as attenuation of mesoscopic echoes in a spin-chain channel

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarez, Gonzalo A.; Danieli, Ernesto P.; Levstein, Patricia R.; Pastawski, Horacio M.

    2010-01-01

    An initial local excitation in a confined quantum system evolves exploring the whole system, returning to the initial position as a mesoscopic echo at the Heisenberg time. We consider a two weakly coupled spin chains, a spin ladder, where one is a quantum channel while the other represents an environment. We quantify decoherence in the quantum channel through the attenuation of the mesoscopic echoes. We evaluate decoherence rates for different ratios between sources of amplitude fluctuation a...

  15. Anomaly in the phase diagram of the spin quantum 1/2 anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet model with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction: A low temperature analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parente, Walter E. F.; Pacobahyba, J. T. M.; Araújo, Ijanílio G.; Neto, Minos A.; Ricardo de Sousa, J.

    2015-11-01

    We will study phase diagram the quantum spin-1/2 anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet model in the presence of a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (D) and a uniform longitudinal (H) magnetic field, where we have observed an anomaly at low temperatures. Using the effective-field theory with a finite cluster N=2 spin (EFT-2) we calculate the phase diagram in the H - D plane on a simple cubic lattice (z=6). We analyzed the cases: anisotropic Heisenberg - case I: (Δ = 1), anisotropic Heisenberg - case II: (Δ = 0.5) and anisotropic Heisenberg - case III: (Δ = 0), where only second order phase transitions are observed.

  16. Unwrapping Chains

    CERN Document Server

    Cambou, A D; Hamm, E; Hanna, J A; Menon, N; Santangelo, C D; Walsh, L

    2012-01-01

    A loop of chain can move along its own tangents, maintaining a steady shape. An open-ended chain undergoing a nontrivial motion must change its shape. One consequence is that chains pulled around objects will fail to follow the contours of the objects, unwrapping themselves instead. This short note accompanies a fluid dynamics video submission (83068) to the APS DFD Gallery of Fluid Motion 2012.

  17. Falling chains

    CERN Document Server

    Wong, C W; Wong, Chun Wa; Yasui, Kosuke

    2006-01-01

    The one-dimensional falling motion of a bungee chain suspended from a rigid support and of a chain falling from a resting heap on a table is studied. Their Lagrangians are found to contain no explicit time dependence. As a result, these falling chains are conservative systems. Each of their Lagrange's equations of motion is shown to contain a term that enforces energy conservation when masses are transferred between subchains. We show in particular that Cayley's 1857 energy nonconserving solution for a chain falling from a resting heap is incorrect because it neglects the energy gained when the transferred link is emitted by the emitting subchain. The maximum chain tension measured by Calkin and March for the falling bungee chain is given a simple if rough interpretation. In the simplified one-dimensional treatment, the kinetic energy of the center of mass of the falling bungee chain is found to be converted by the chain tension at the rigid support into the internal kinetic energy of the chain. However, as t...

  18. Chain reaction. History of the atomic bomb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Henri becquerel tracked down in 1896 a strange radiation, which was called radioactivity by Marie Curie. In the following centuries German scientists Max Planck, Albert Einstein and Werner Heisenberg presented fundamental contributions to understand processes in the atomic nucleus. At Goettingen, center of the international nuclear physics community, the American student J. Robert Oppenheimer admit to this physical research. In the beginning of 1939 the message of Otto Hahns' nuclear fission electrified researchers. The first step, unleashing atomic energy, was done. A half year later the Second World War begun. And suddenly being friend with and busily communicating physicians were devided into hostile power blocs as bearers of official secrets. The author tells in this exciting book the story of the first atomic bomb as a chain reaction of ideas, discoveries and visions, of friendships, jealousy and intrigues of scientists, adventurers and genius. (orig./GL)

  19. Interacting anyons in topological quantum liquids: the golden chain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feiguin, Adrian; Trebst, Simon; Ludwig, Andreas W W; Troyer, Matthias; Kitaev, Alexei; Wang, Zhenghan; Freedman, Michael H

    2007-04-20

    We discuss generalizations of quantum spin Hamiltonians using anyonic degrees of freedom. The simplest model for interacting anyons energetically favors neighboring anyons to fuse into the trivial ("identity") channel, similar to the quantum Heisenberg model favoring neighboring spins to form spin singlets. Numerical simulations of a chain of Fibonacci anyons show that the model is critical with a dynamical critical exponent z=1, and described by a two-dimensional (2D) conformal field theory with central charge c=7/10. An exact mapping of the anyonic chain onto the 2D tricritical Ising model is given using the restricted-solid-on-solid representation of the Temperley-Lieb algebra. The gaplessness of the chain is shown to have topological origin. PMID:17501404

  20. Entanglement dynamics via geometric phases in quantum spin chains

    CERN Document Server

    Castro, C S

    2011-01-01

    We introduce a connection between entanglement induced by interaction and geometric phases acquired by a composite quantum spin system. We begin by analyzing the evaluation of cyclic (Aharonov-Anandan) and non-cyclic (Mukunda-Simon) geometric phases for general spin chains evolving in the presence of time-independent magnetic fields. Then, by considering Heisenberg chains, we show that the interaction geometric phase, namely, the total geometric phase with subtraction of free spin contributions, is directly related to the global (Meyer-Wallach) entanglement exhibited by an initially separable state during its evolution in Hilbert space. This is analytically shown for N=2 spins and numerically illustrated for larger chains. This relationship promotes the interaction geometric phase to an indicator of global entanglement in the system, which may constitute a useful tool to quantum tasks based on entanglement as a resource to their performance.

  1. Φ -Ψ model for electrodynamics in dielectric media: exact quantisation in the Heisenberg representation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belgiorno, Francesco [Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Matematica, Milano (Italy); INdAM-GNFM, Milano (Italy); Cacciatori, Sergio L. [Universita dell' Insubria, Department of Science and High Technology, Como (Italy); INFN sezione di Milano, Milano (Italy); Dalla Piazza, Francesco [Universita ' ' La Sapienza' ' , Dipartimento di Matematica, Roma (Italy); Doronzo, Michele [Universita dell' Insubria, Department of Science and High Technology, Como (Italy)

    2016-06-15

    We investigate the quantisation in the Heisenberg representation of a model which represents a simplification of the Hopfield model for dielectric media, where the electromagnetic field is replaced by a scalar field φ and the role of the polarisation field is played by a further scalar field ψ. The model, which is quadratic in the fields, is still characterised by a non-trivial physical content, as the physical particles correspond to the polaritons of the standard Hopfield model of condensed matter physics. Causality is also taken into account and a discussion of the standard interaction representation is also considered. (orig.)

  2. Effect of Quantum Fluctuation on Two-Dimensional Spatially Anisotropic Heisenberg Antiferromagnet with Integer Spin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI An-Chun; TIAN Guang-Shan

    2006-01-01

    In the present paper, we calculate the Gaussian correction to the critical value Jc⊥ caused by quantum spin fluctuation in a two-dimensional spatially anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet with integer spin S. Previously, someauthors computed this quantity by the mean-field theory based on the Schwinger boson representation of spin operators.However, for S = 1, their result is much less than the one derived by numerical calculations. By taking the effect ofquantum spin fluctuation into consideration, we are able to produce a greatly improved result.

  3. Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru

    2016-06-01

    Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2 ,1/2 ,1/2 ) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.

  4. On the evaluation of the ac-Stark shift and Kramers-Heisenberg dispersion formula

    CERN Document Server

    Radhakrishnan, R; Thayyullathil, Ramesh Babu

    2005-01-01

    We describe a unified approach for the determination of ac-Stark correction and Kramers-Heisenberg dispersion formula. In both cases the contribution from infinite intermediate summation appearing in the expression for the corresponding matrix elements are evaluated exactly in the dipole approximation for the ground state of hydrogen atom using a variation of Dalgarno-Lewis method. The analytical expressions obtained can be efficiently used for the numerical evaluation of matrix elements for all values of incident photon energy and comparison is made with results obtained by different methods.

  5. Random exchange interaction effects on the phase transitions in frustrated classical Heisenberg model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, W. C.; Song, X.; Feng, J. J.; Zeng, M.; Gao, X. S.; Qin, M. H., E-mail: qinmh@scnu.edu.cn [Institute for Advanced Materials and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Quantum Engineering and Quantum Materials, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Jia, X. T. [School of Physics and Chemistry, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000 (China)

    2015-07-07

    In this work, the effects of the random exchange interaction on the phase transitions and phase diagrams of classical frustrated Heisenberg model are investigated by Monte Carlo simulation in order to simulate the chemical doping effect in real materials. It is observed that the antiferromagnetic transitions shift toward low temperature with the increasing magnitude of the random exchange interaction, which can be qualitatively understood from the competitions among local spin states. This study is related to the magnetic properties in the doped iron-based superconductors.

  6. Communicating the Heisenberg uncertainty relations: Niels Bohr, Complementarity and the Einstein-Rupp experiments

    CERN Document Server

    van Dongen, Jeroen

    2015-01-01

    The Einstein-Rupp experiments have been unduly neglected in the history of quantum mechanics. While this is to be explained by the fact that Emil Rupp was later exposed as a fraud and had fabricated the results, it is not justified, due to the importance attached to the experiments at the time. This paper discusses Rupp's fraud, the relation between Albert Einstein and Rupp, and the Einstein-Rupp experiments, and argues that these experiments were an influence on Niels Bohr's development of complementarity and Werner Heisenberg's formulation of the uncertainty relations.

  7. Energía del estado base en un modelo de heisenberg antiferromagnético.

    OpenAIRE

    Altamar, A.; Rodríguez, J.

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo se estudia un sistema de espín antiferromagnético sobre una red cuadrada no frustada sin considerar los efectos de la temperatura. El sistema se describe a través de un modelo de Heisenberg antiferromagnético. Se considera sólo las interracciones entre los espines a primeros vecinos, se aplica el método analítico de la teoría lineal de las ondas de espín para calcular la relación de dispersión y la energía por sitio en el estado base.

  8. Quantum simulating the frustrated Heisenberg model in a molecular dipolar crystal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Yan-Li, E-mail: ylzhou@nudt.edu.cn [College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, 410073 Changsha (China); Ou, Bao-Quan [College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, 410073 Changsha (China); Wu, Wei [College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, 410073 Changsha (China); State Key Laboratory of High Performance Computing, National University of Defense Technology, 410073 Changsha (China)

    2015-10-23

    We study the simulation of spin models with polar molecules in a dipolar crystal. We employ a master equation approach to describe the dynamics of the system and to research the dissipation of the model. The reduced dynamics of the polar molecules lead to frustrated Heisenberg models with tuneable long-range interactions, via spin-dependent dipole–dipole interactions forces to the lattice vibrations. The influence of the lattice vibrations is calculated and analyzed in detail. - Highlights: • We simulate spin models with polar molecules in a dipolar crystal. • We employ a master equation to describe the dynamics of the system. • The influence of the lattice vibrations is calculated.

  9. On the fractional minimal length Heisenberg-Weyl uncertainty relation from fractional Riccati generalized momentum operator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rami, El-Nabulsi Ahmad [Department of Nuclear and Energy Engineering, Cheju National University, Ara-dong 1, Jeju 690-756 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: nabulsiahmadrami@yahoo.fr

    2009-10-15

    It was showed that the minimal length Heisenberg-Weyl uncertainty relation may be obtained if the ordinary momentum differentiation operator is extended to its fractional counterpart, namely the generalized fractional Riccati momentum operator of order 0 < {beta} {<=} 1. Some interesting consequences are exposed in concordance with the UV/IR correspondence obtained within the framework of non-commutative C-space geometry, string theory, Rovelli loop quantum gravity, Amelino-Camelia doubly special relativity, Nottale scale relativity and El-Naschie Cantorian fractal spacetime. The fractional theory integrates an absolute minimal length and surprisingly a non-commutative position space.

  10. Emergent Interacting Spin Islands in a Depleted Strong-Leg Heisenberg Ladder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidiger, D.; Povarov, K. Yu.; Galeski, S.; Reynolds, N.; Bewley, R.; Guidi, T.; Ollivier, J.; Zheludev, A.

    2016-06-01

    Properties of the depleted Heisenberg spin ladder material series (C7 H10 N )2Cu1 -zZnz Br4 have been studied by the combination of magnetic measurements and neutron spectroscopy. Disorder-induced degrees of freedom lead to a specific magnetic response, described in terms of emergent strongly interacting "spin island" objects. The structure and dynamics of the spin islands is studied by high-resolution inelastic neutron scattering. This allows us to determine their spatial shape and to observe their mutual interactions, manifested by strong spectral in-gap contributions.

  11. Critical behaviour of magnetic thin film with Heisenberg spin-S model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The magnetic properties of a ferromagnetic thin film of face centered cubic (FCC) lattice with Heisenberg spin-S are examined using the high-temperature series expansions technique extrapolated with Pade approximations method. The critical reduced temperature of the system τc is studied as function of thickness of the film and the exchange interactions in the bulk, and within the surfaces Jb, Js and Jperpendicular respectively. A critical value of surface exchange interaction above which surface magnetism appears is obtained. The dependence of the reduced critical temperature on the film thickness L has been investigated.

  12. Bipartite and Tripartite Entanglement in a Three-Qubit Heisenberg Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    REN Jie; ZHU Shi-Qun

    2006-01-01

    The bipartite and tripartite entanglement in a three-qubit Heisenberg XY model with a nonuniformmagnetic field is studied. There are two or four peaks in the concurrence of the bipartite entanglement when the amplitudes of the magnetic fields are differently distributed between the three qubits. It is very interesting to note that there is no tangle of tripartite entanglement between the three qubits when the amplitudes of the magnetic fields are varied. However, the variation of the magnetic field direction can induce the tangle. The tangle is periodic about the angle between the magnetic field and the z axis of the spin.

  13. Self-Dual Chern-Simons Solitons and Generalized Heisenberg Ferromagnet Models

    CERN Document Server

    Oh, P; Oh, Phillial

    1996-01-01

    We consider the (2+1)-dimensional gauged Heisenberg ferromagnet model coupled with the Chern-Simons gauge fields. Self-dual Chern-Simons solitons, the static zero energy solution saturating Bogomol'nyi bounds, are shown to exist when the generalized spin variable is valued in the Hermitian symmetric spaces G/H. By gauging the maximal torus subgroup of H, we obtain self-dual solitons which satisfy vortex-type nonlinear equations thereby extending the two dimensional instantons in a nontrivial way. An explicit example for the CP(N) case is given.

  14. Generalized Heisenberg Algebras, SUSYQM and Degeneracies: Infinite Well and Morse Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Hussin

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available We consider classical and quantum one and two-dimensional systems with ladder operators that satisfy generalized Heisenberg algebras. In the classical case, this construction is related to the existence of closed trajectories. In particular, we apply these results to the infinite well and Morse potentials. We discuss how the degeneracies of the permutation symmetry of quantum two-dimensional systems can be explained using products of ladder operators. These products satisfy interesting commutation relations. The two-dimensional Morse quantum system is also related to a generalized two-dimensional Morse supersymmetric model. Arithmetical or accidental degeneracies of such system are shown to be associated to additional supersymmetry.

  15. On the noise-resolution duality, Heisenberg uncertainty and Shannon's information

    CERN Document Server

    Gureyev, T E; Nesterets, Ya I; Paganin, D M

    2015-01-01

    Several variations of the Heisenberg uncertainty inequality are derived on the basis of "noise-resolution duality" recently proposed by the authors. The same approach leads to a related inequality that provides an upper limit for the information capacity of imaging systems in terms of the number of imaging quanta (particles) used in the experiment. These results can be useful in the context of biomedical imaging constrained by the radiation dose delivered to the sample, or in imaging (e.g. astronomical) problems under "low light" conditions.

  16. Thermal Entangled Quantum Refrigerator Working with Three-Qubit Heisenberg XX Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑洁; 何济洲; 何弦

    2011-01-01

    An entangled quantum refrigerator working with a three-qubit one-dimensional isotropic Heisenberg XX model in a constant external magnetic field is constructed in this paper. Based on the quantum first law of thermodynamics, the expressions for several basic thermodynamic quantities such as the heat transferred, the net work and the coefficient of performance are derived. Moreover, the influence of the thermal entanglement on the basic thermodynamic quantities is investigated. Several interesting features of the variation of the basic thermodynamic quantities with the thermal entanglement in zero and nonzero magnetic field are obtained.

  17. One-loop structure of the U(1) gauge model on the truncated Heisenberg space

    CERN Document Server

    Burić, Maja; Prekrat, Dragan

    2016-01-01

    We calculate divergent one-loop corrections to the propagators of the U(1) gauge theory on the truncated Heisenberg space, which is one of the extensions of the Grosse-Wulkenhaar model. The model is purely geometric, based on the Yang-Mills action; the corresponding gauge-fixed theory is BRST invariant. We quantize perturbatively and, along with the usual wave-function and mass renormalizations, we find divergent nonlocal terms of the $\\Box^{-1}$ and $\\Box^{-2}$ type. We discuss the meaning of these terms and possible improvements of the model.

  18. Chiral spin liquid in the extended Heisenberg model on the Kagome lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Wenjun; Zhu, Wei; Zhang, Yi; Gong, Shoushu; Becca, Federico; Sheng, Dongning; Donna Sheng Team

    2015-03-01

    We investigate the extended Heisenberg model on the Kagome lattice by using Gutzwiller projected fermionic states and the variational Monte Carlo technique. In particular, when both second- and third-neighbor super-exchanges are considered, we find that a gapped spin liquid described by non-trivial magnetic fluxes and long-range chiral-chiral correlations is energetically favored compared to the gapless U(1) Dirac state. Furthermore, the topological Chern number, obtained by integrating the Berry curvature, and the degeneracy of the ground state, by constructing linearly independent states, lead us to identify this flux state as the chiral spin liquid with C = 1 / 2 fractionalized Chern number.

  19. Study on isotropic Heisenberg interaction for the realization of SWAP {sup ±α} gates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muthuganesan, R.; Sankaranarayanan, R., E-mail: sankar@nitt.edu [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu– 620015 (India); Balakrishnan, S. [Materials Physics Division, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore– 632014 (India)

    2015-06-24

    It is known that nonlocal two-qubit gates are geometrically represented by tetrahedron called as Weyl chamber. Two edges of the Weyl chamber are formed by SWAP{sup ±α} family gates with 0 ≤ α ≤ 1. In this work SWAP{sup ±α} are being realized as two spin system with isotropic Heisenberg exchange interaction. The real parameter α is shown to be the function of duration and strength of interaction. Entanglement of the states generated by these two families of gates is studied with concurrence. Significance of time scale in realizing CNOT using SWAP{sup ±1/2} is highlighted.

  20. Quantum Phase Transition in Quasi-two-dimensional Heisenberg Antiferromagnet with Single-Ion Anisotropy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI An-Chun; TIAN Guang-Shan

    2007-01-01

    In the present paper, we investigate the quantum phase transition in a spatially anisotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model of S = 1 with single-ion energy anisotropy. By using the Schwinger boson representation, we calculate the Gaussian correction to the critical value Jc⊥ caused by quantum spin fluctuations. We find that, for the positive single-ion energy, a nonzero value of Jc⊥ is always needed to stabilize the antiferromagnetic long-range order in this model. It resolves a difference among literature and shows clearly that the effect of quantum fluctuations may qualitatively change a result obtained by the mean-field theories on lower-dimensional systems.

  1. Dynamics of two qubits in a spin-bath of Quantum anisotropic Heisenberg XY coupling type

    OpenAIRE

    Jing, Jun; Lü, Zhi-guo

    2006-01-01

    The dynamics of two 1/2-spin qubits under the influence of a quantum Heisenberg XY type spin-bath is studied. After the Holstein-Primakoff transformation, a novel numerical polynomial scheme is used to give the time-evolution calculation of the center qubits initially prepared in a product state or a Bell state. Then the concurrence of the two qubits, the $z$-component moment of either of the subsystem spins and the fidelity of the subsystem are shown, which exhibit sensitive dependence on th...

  2. Classification of Irreducible Weight Modules with a Finite-dimensional Weight Space over Twisted Heisenberg-Virasoro Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ran SHEN; Yu Cai SU

    2007-01-01

    We show that the support of an irreducible weight module over the twisted Heisenberg-Virasoro algebra, which has an infinite-dimensional weight space, coincides with the weight lattice and that all nontrivial weight spaces of such a module are infinite dimensional. As a corollary, we obtain that every irreducible weight module over the twisted Heisenberg-Virasoro algebra, having a nontrivial finite-dimensional weight space, is a Harish-Chandra module (and hence is either an irreducible highest or lowest weight module or an irreducible module from the intermediate series).

  3. Search for the Heisenberg spin glass on rewired square lattices with antiferromagnetic interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surungan, Tasrief; Bansawang B., J.; Tahir, Dahlang

    2016-03-01

    Spin glass (SG) is a typical magnetic system with frozen random spin orientation at low temperatures. The system exhibits rich physical properties, such as infinite number of ground states, memory effect, and aging phenomena. There are two main ingredients considered to be pivotal for the existence of SG behavior, namely, frustration and randomness. For the canonical SG system, frustration is led by the presence of competing interaction between ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AF) couplings. Previously, Bartolozzi et al. [Phys. Rev. B73, 224419 (2006)], reported the SG properties of the AF Ising spins on scale free network (SFN). It is a new type of SG, different from the canonical one which requires the presence of both FM and AF couplings. In this new system, frustration is purely caused by the topological factor and its randomness is related to the irregular connectvity. Recently, Surungan et. al. [Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 640, 012001 (2015)] reported SG bahavior of AF Heisenberg model on SFN. We further investigate this type of system by studying an AF Heisenberg model on rewired square lattices. We used Replica Exchange algorithm of Monte Carlo Method and calculated the SG order parameter to search for the existence of SG phase.

  4. Stapp`s quantum dualism: The James/Heisenberg model of consciousness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noyes, H.P.

    1994-02-18

    Henry Stapp attempts to resolve the Cartesian dilemma by introducing what the author would characterize as an ontological dualism between mind and matter. His model for mind comes from William James` description of conscious events and for matter from Werner Heisenberg`s ontological model for quantum events (wave function collapse). His demonstration of the isomorphism between the two types of events is successful, but in the author`s opinion fails to establish a monistic, scientific theory. The author traces Stapp`s failure to his adamant rejection of arbitrariness, or `randomness`. This makes it impossible for him (or for Bohr and Pauli before him) to understand the power of Darwin`s explanation of biology, let along the triumphs of modern `neo-Darwinism`. The author notes that the point at issue is a modern version of the unresolved opposition between Leucippus and Democritus on one side and Epicurus on the other. Stapp`s views are contrasted with recent discussions of consciousness by two eminent biologists: Crick and Edelman. They locate the problem firmly in the context of natural selection on the surface of the earth. Their approaches provide a sound basis for further scientific work. The author briefly examines the connection between this scientific (rather than ontological) framework and the new fundamental theory based on bit-strings and the combinatorial hierarchy.

  5. Chern-Simons theory for Heisenberg spins on the Kagome Lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Krishna; Sun, Kai; Fradkin, Eduardo

    2015-03-01

    We study the problem of Heisenberg spins on the frustrated Kagome lattice using a 2D Jordan-Wigner transformation that maps the spins (hard-core bosons) onto a system of (interacting) fermions coupled to a Chern-Simons gauge field. This mapping requires us to define a discretized version of the Chern-Simons term on the lattice. Using a recently developed result on how to define Chern-Simons theories on a class of planar lattices, we can consistently study spin models beyond the mean-field level and include the effects of fluctuations, which are generally strong in frustrated systems. Here, we apply these results to study magnetization plateau type states on the Kagome lattice in the regime of XY anisotropy. We find that the 1/3 and 2/3 magnetization plateaus are chiral spin liquid states equivalent to a primary Laughlin fractional quantum Hall state of bosons with (spin) Hall conductivity 1/2 1/4 π and semionic excitations. The 5/9 plateau is a chiral spin liquid equivalent to the first Jain descendant. We also consider the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the Kagome lattice with a chirality-breaking term on the triangular plaquettes. This situation also leads to a primary Laughlin bosonic fractional quantum Hall type state with filling fraction 1 / 2 .

  6. The Design of Control Pulses for Heisenberg Always-On Qubit Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magyar, Rudolph

    2015-03-01

    One model for a universal quantum computer is a spin array with constant nearest neighbor interactions and a controlled unidirectional site-specific magnetic field to generate unitary transformations. This system can be described by a Heisenberg spin Hamiltonian and can be simulated for on the order of 50 spins. It has recently been shown that time-dependent density functional inspired methods may be used to relate various spin models of qubits to ones that may be easier to compute numerically allowing potentially the efficient simulation of greater numbers of spins. One of the challenges of such an agenda is the identification of control pulses that produce desired gate operations (CNOT and single qubit phase gates). We apply control theory to design a universal set of pulses for a Heisenberg always-on model Hamiltonian for a few qubits and compare to known pulses when available. We suggest how this approach may be useful to design control pulses in other realistic designs. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  7. Magnetization Process of Spin-1/2 Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on a Layered Triangular Lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Daisuke; Marmorini, Giacomo; Danshita, Ippei

    2016-02-01

    We study the magnetization process of the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on a layered triangular lattice by means of a numerical cluster mean-field method with a scaling scheme (CMF+S). It has been known that antiferromagnetic spins on a two-dimensional (2D) triangular lattice with quantum fluctuations exhibit a one-third magnetization plateau in the magnetization curve under magnetic field. We demonstrate that the CMF+S quantitatively reproduces the magnetization curve including the stabilization of the plateau. We also discuss the effects of a finite interlayer coupling, which is unavoidable in real quasi-2D materials. It has been recently argued for a model of the layered-triangular-lattice compound Ba3CoSb2O9 that such interlayer coupling can induce an additional first-order transition at a strong field. We present the detailed CMF+S results for the magnetization and susceptibility curves of the fundamental Heisenberg Hamiltonian in the presence of magnetic field and weak antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling. The extra first-order transition appears as a quite small jump in the magnetization curve and a divergence in the susceptibility at a strong magnetic field ˜0.712 of the saturation field.

  8. High temperature spin dynamics in linear magnetic chains, molecular rings, and segments by nuclear magnetic resonance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adelnia, Fatemeh; Lascialfari, Alessandro [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano and INSTM, Milano (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Pavia and INSTM, Pavia (Italy); Mariani, Manuel [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Ammannato, Luca; Caneschi, Andrea; Rovai, Donella [Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Firenze and INSTM, Firenze (Italy); Winpenny, Richard; Timco, Grigore [School of Chemistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester (United Kingdom); Corti, Maurizio, E-mail: maurizio.corti@unipv.it; Borsa, Ferdinando [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Pavia and INSTM, Pavia (Italy)

    2015-05-07

    We present the room temperature proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate (NSLR) results in two 1D spin chains: the Heisenberg antiferromagnetic (AFM) Eu(hfac){sub 3}NITEt and the magnetically frustrated Gd(hfac){sub 3}NITEt. The NSLR as a function of external magnetic field can be interpreted very well in terms of high temperature spin dynamics dominated by a long time persistence of the decay of the two-spin correlation function due to the conservation of the total spin value for isotropic Heisenberg chains. The high temperature spin dynamics are also investigated in Heisenberg AFM molecular rings. In both Cr{sub 8} closed ring and in Cr{sub 7}Cd and Cr{sub 8}Zn open rings, i.e., model systems for a finite spin segment, an enhancement of the low frequency spectral density is found consistent with spin diffusion but the high cut-off frequency due to intermolecular anisotropic interactions prevents a detailed analysis of the spin diffusion regime.

  9. Decoherence as attenuation of mesoscopic echoes in a spin-chain channel

    CERN Document Server

    Alvarez, Gonzalo A; Levstein, Patricia R; Pastawski, Horacio M

    2010-01-01

    An initial local excitation in a confined quantum system evolves exploring the whole system, returning to the initial position as a mesoscopic echo at the Heisenberg time. We consider a two weakly coupled spin chains, a spin ladder, where one is a quantum channel while the other represents an environment. We quantify decoherence in the quantum channel through the attenuation of the mesoscopic echoes. We evaluate decoherence rates for different ratios between sources of amplitude fluctuation and dephasing in the inter-chain interaction Hamiltonian. The many-body dynamics is seen as a one-body evolution with a decoherence rate given by the Fermi golden rule.

  10. Heisenberg's principles

    CERN Multimedia

    1971-01-01

    Remote from the noise and bustle of Europe's capital cities, in the charming German lake-side town of Lindau, close to the borders of Austria and Switzerland, Nobel Prize Winners in physics gathered together from June 28-July 2 to talk of their science and its interaction with society.

  11. Thermodynamics of Inozemtsev's elliptic spin chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klabbers, Rob

    2016-06-01

    We study the thermodynamic behaviour of Inozemtsev's long-range elliptic spin chain using the Bethe ansatz equations describing the spectrum of the model in the infinite-length limit. We classify all solutions of these equations in that limit and argue which of these solutions determine the spectrum in the thermodynamic limit. Interestingly, some of the solutions are not selfconjugate, which puts the model in sharp contrast to one of the model's limiting cases, the Heisenberg XXX spin chain. Invoking the string hypothesis we derive the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz equations (TBA-equations) from which we determine the Helmholtz free energy in thermodynamic equilibrium and derive the associated Y-system. We corroborate our results by comparing numerical solutions of the TBA-equations to a direct computation of the free energy for the finite-length hamiltonian. In addition we confirm numerically the interesting conjecture put forward by Finkel and González-López that the original and supersymmetric versions of Inozemtsev's elliptic spin chain are equivalent in the thermodynamic limit.

  12. Chain Gang

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    6 August 2006 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows a chain of clustered and battered craters. These were formed by secondary impact. That is, somewhere to the south (beyond the bottom of this image), a large impact crater formed. When this occurred, material ejected from the crater was thrown tens to hundreds of kilometers away. This material then impacted the martian surface, forming clusters and chains of smaller craters. Location near: 15.8oN, 35.6oW Image width: 3 km (1.9 mi) Illumination from: upper left Season: Northern Spring

  13. Effective Hamiltonian for a half-filled asymmetric ionic Hubbard chain with alternating on-site interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grusha, I.; Menteshashvili, M.; Japaridze, G. I.

    2016-01-01

    We derive an effective spin Hamiltonian for the one-dimensional half-filled asymmetric ionic Hubbard model (IHM) with alternating on-site interaction in the limit of strong repulsion. It is shown that the effective Hamiltonian is that of a spin S = 1/2 anisotropic XXZ Heisenberg chain with alternating next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) and three-spin couplings in the presence of a uniform and a staggered magnetic field.

  14. Slavnov and Gaudin-Korepin formulas for models without U (1) symmetry: the XXX chain on the segment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belliard, S.; Pimenta, R. A.

    2016-04-01

    We consider the isotropic spin -\\frac{1}{2} Heisenberg chain with the most general integrable boundaries. The scalar product between the on-shell Bethe vector and its off-shell dual, obtained by means of the modified algebraic Bethe ansatz, is given by a modified Slavnov formula. The corresponding Gaudin-Korepin formula, i.e., the square of the norm, is also obtained.

  15. On the equivalence of the discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation and the discrete isotropic Heisenberg magnet

    CERN Document Server

    Hoffmann, T

    1999-01-01

    The equivalence of the discrete isotropic Heisenberg magnet (IHM) model and the discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) given by Ablowitz and Ladik is shown. This is used to derive the equivalence of their discretization with the one by Izergin and Korepin. Moreover a doubly discrete IHM is presented that is equivalent to Ablowitz' and Ladiks doubly discrete NLSE.

  16. On the equivalence of the discrete nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation and the discrete isotropic Heisenberg magnet

    OpenAIRE

    Hoffmann, Tim

    1999-01-01

    The equivalence of the discrete isotropic Heisenberg magnet (IHM) model and the discrete nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation (NLSE) given by Ablowitz and Ladik is shown. This is used to derive the equivalence of their discretization with the one by Izergin and Korepin. Moreover a doubly discrete IHM is presented that is equivalent to Ablowitz' and Ladiks doubly discrete NLSE.

  17. Probing the stability of the spin liquid phases in the Kitaev-Heisenberg model using tensor network algorithms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.O. Iregui; P. Corboz; M. Troyer

    2014-01-01

    We study the extent of the spin liquid phases in the Kitaev-Heisenberg model using infinite projected entangled-pair states tensor network ansatz wave functions directly in the thermodynamic limit. To assess the accuracy of the ansatz wave functions, we perform benchmarks against exact results for t

  18. Green’s Function for a Slice of the Korányi Ball in the Heisenberg Group Hn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivani Dubey

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We give a representation formula for solution of the inhomogeneous Dirichlet problem on the upper half Korányi ball and for the slice of the Korányi ball in the Heisenberg group Hn by obtaining explicit expressions of Green-like kernel when the given data has certain radial symmetry.

  19. Chain Teleportation

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Chien-er

    2004-01-01

    By means of the idea of measurements on the crossed space-time nonlocal observables, we extend the mechanism for the two-way quantum teleportation to the chain teleportation among N spatially separated spin-1/2 systems. Since in the process only the local interactions are used, the microcausality is automatically satisfied.

  20. Strong equivalence principle in polymer quantum mechanics and deformed Heisenberg algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kajuri, Nirmalya

    2016-10-01

    The strong equivalence principle (SEP) states that the description of a physical system in a gravitational field is indistinguishable from the description of the same system at rest in an accelerating frame. While this statement holds true in both general relativity and ordinary quantum mechanics, one expects it to fail when quantum gravity corrections are taken into account. In this paper we investigate the possible failure of the SEP in two quantum gravity inspired modifications of quantum mechanics—polymer quantum mechanics and deformed Heisenberg algebra. We find that the SEP fails to hold in both these theories. We estimate the deviation from SEP and find in both cases that it is too small to be measured in present day experiments.

  1. Magnetic behavior of the giant Heisenberg molecular magnet Mo_72Fe_30: Classical theory and experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luban, Marshall; Modler, Robert; Axenovich, Maria; Canfield, Paul; Bud'Ko, Sergey; Schröder, Christian; Schnack, Jürgen; Müller, Achim; Kögerler, Paul; Harrison, Neil

    2001-03-01

    The Keplerate species Mo_72Fe_30 containing 30 high-spin Fe^3+ ions, is by far the largest paramagnetic molecule synthesized to date, and it serves as an effective building block and prototype for a new class of diverse molybdenum-oxygen based compounds. These substances are of importance for identifying the most pertinent criteria for the passage from microscopic to macroscopic magnetism, and for their potential as molecular-based electronic and magnetic devices. We report excellent agreement, from room temperature down to 0.1 K, and for magnetic fields up to 60 Tesla between our theoretical results based on the classical Heisenberg model and our measurements of its magnetic properties.

  2. Beyond Unitary Parasupersymmetry from the Viewpoint of h3 and h4 Heisenberg Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenaghlou, A.; Fakhri, H.

    Using the partition of the number p-1 into p-1 real parts which are not equal with each other necessarily, we develop the unitary parasupersymmetry algebra of arbitrary order p so that the well-known Rubakov-Spiridonov-Khare parasupersymmetry becomes a special case of the developed one. It is shown that the developed algebra is realized by simple harmonic oscillator and Landau problem on a flat surface with the symmetries of h3 and h4 Heisenberg-Lie algebras. For this new parasupersymmetry, the well-known unitary condition is violated, however, unitarity of the corresponding algebra is structurally conserved. Moreover, the components of the bosonic Hamiltonian operator are derived as functions from the mean value of the partition numbers with their label weight function.

  3. Stability conditions of diatomic molecules in Heisenbergs picture: inspired from the stability theory of lasers

    CERN Document Server

    Jahanpanah, Jafar

    2015-01-01

    The vibrational motion equations of both homo and hetero-nuclei diatomic molecules are here derived for the first time. A diatomic molecule is first considered as a one dimensional quantum mechanics oscillator. The second and third-order Hamiltonian operators are then formed by substituting the number operator for the quantum number in the corresponding vibrational energy eigenvalues. The expectation values of relative position and linear momentum operators of two oscillating atoms are calculated by solving Heisenbergs equations of motion. Subsequently, the expectation values of potential and kinetics energy operators are evaluated in all different vibrational levels of Morse potential. On the other hand, the stability theory of optical oscillators (lasers) is exploited to determine the stability conditions of an oscillating diatomic molecule.It is peculiarly turned out that the diatomic molecules are exactly dissociated at the energy level in which their equations of motion become unstable. We also determine...

  4. Renormalization of the global quantum correlation and monogamy relation in the anisotropic Heisenberg XXZ model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Meng; Ren, Zhong-Zhou; Zhang, Xin

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the global quantum correlation, monogamy relation and quantum phase transition of the Heisenberg XXZ model are investigated by the method of quantum renormalization group. We obtain, analytically, the expressions of the global negativity, the global measurement-induced disturbance and the monogamy relation for the system. The result shows that for a three-site block state, the partial transpose of an asymmetric block can get stronger entanglement than that of the symmetric one. The residual entanglement and the difference of the monogamy relation of measurement-induced disturbance show a scaling behavior with the size of the system becoming large. Moreover, the monogamy nature of entanglement measured by negativity exists in the model, while the nonclassical correlation quantified by measurement-induced disturbance violates the monogamy relation and demonstrates polygamy.

  5. Describing pair production in inhomogeneous external fields with the Dirac-Heisenberg-Wigner formalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berényi Dániel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this contribution we present results on pair production from vacuum in QED in case of inhomogeneous external electric fields. The central tool of our description is the relativistic one particle single-time Wigner-function, that describes the evolution of the e+e− densities in phase-space. We compare the influence of homogeneous and inhomogeneous external fields, and find that the inhomogeneity near the Compton-scale increases particle production proportionally to the duration of the electric pulse. We also find, that when the inhomogeneity is restricted to a single direction, a significant component of the pair yield originates from the edge or surface where the electric field gradients are large, in agreement with the prediction of Heisenberg.

  6. Nonexistence of global solutions of some nonlinear space-nonlocal evolution equations on the Heisenberg group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bashir Ahmad

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents necessary conditions for the existence of weak solutions of the following space-nonlocal evolution equations on $\\mathbb{H}\\times(0, +\\infty$, where $\\mathbb{H}$ is the Heisenberg group: $$\\displaylines{ \\frac{\\partial^2 u }{\\partial t^2} + (- \\Delta_{\\mathbb{H}}^{\\alpha/2}|u|^m = |u|^{p},\\cr \\frac{\\partial u}{\\partial t} + (- \\Delta_{\\mathbb{H}}^{\\alpha/2} |u|^m = |u|^{p},\\cr \\frac{\\partial^2 u }{\\partial t^2} + (- \\Delta_{\\mathbb{H}}^{\\alpha/2} |u|^m + \\frac{\\partial u }{\\partial t} = |u|^p, }$$ $p \\in \\mathbb{R}, p>1, m \\in \\mathbb{N}$. Moreover, the life span for each equation is estimated under some suitable conditions. Our method of proof is based on the test function method.

  7. Controlling frustrated liquids and solids with an applied field in a kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishimoto, Satoshi; Shibata, Naokazu; Hotta, Chisa

    2013-01-01

    Quantum spin-1/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is the representative frustrated system possibly hosting a spin liquid. Clarifying the nature of this elusive topological phase is a key challenge in condensed matter; however, even identifying it still remains unsettled. Here we apply a magnetic field and discover a series of spin-gapped phases appearing at five different fractions of magnetization by means of a grand canonical density matrix renormalization group, an unbiased state-of-the-art numerical technique. The magnetic field dopes magnons and first gives rise to a possible Z₃ spin liquid plateau at 1/9 magnetization. Higher field induces a self-organized super-lattice unit, a six-membered ring of quantum spins, resembling an atomic orbital structure. Putting magnons into this unit one by one yields three quantum solid plateaus. We thus find that the magnetic field could control the transition between various emergent phases by continuously releasing the frustration.

  8. Explicit fundamental solutions of some second order differential operators on Heisenberg groups

    CERN Document Server

    Cardoso, Isolda

    2012-01-01

    Let $p,q,n$ be natural numbers such that $p+q=n$. Let $\\FF$ be either $\\CC$, the complex numbers field, or $\\HH$, the quaternionic division algebra. We consider the Heisenberg group $N(p,q,\\FF)$ defined as $N(p,q,\\FF)=\\FF^{n}\\times \\mathfrak{Im}\\FF$, with group law given by $$(v,\\zeta)(v',\\zeta')=(v+v', \\zeta+\\zeta'-{1/2} \\mathfrak{Im} B(v,v')),$$ where $B(v,w)=\\sum_{j=1}^{p} v_{j}\\bar{w_{j}} - \\sum_{j=p+1}^{n} v_{j}\\bar{w_{j}}$. Let $U(p,q,\\FF)$ be the group of $n\\times n$ matrices with coefficients in $\\FF$ that leave invariant the form $B$. In this work we compute explicit fundamental solutions of some second order differential operators on $N(p,q,\\FF)$ which are canonically associated to the action of $U(p,q,\\FF)$.

  9. On a geometric interpretation of Heisenberg's commutation rule and the algebraic structure of the Pauli equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is shown that Heisenberg's commutation rule between the position co-ordinate and the corresponding canonically conjugate momentum may be interpreted by noncommuting geometrical structures. As in the absence of a magnetic field the Euclidean norm of the momentum space directly enters the kinetic energy, the momentum space can be mapped onto the quaternion field U2. Such a mapping preserves the norm of the momentum space. By that, the geometric and algebraic structure of the Pauli equation can be obtained and the relationship between the Pauli and the Dirac equation can be made apparent by noncommuting algebraic structures. In an appendix it will also be shown that the extension of the procedure to vector spaces equipped with Riemannian geometry makes no difficulties and a covariant quantization procedure can be formulated. (author)

  10. Entanglement and quantum phase transition in the Heisenberg-Ising model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tan Xiao-Dong; Jin Bai-Qi; Gao Wei

    2013-01-01

    We use the quantum renormalization-group (QRG) method to study the entanglement and quantum phase transition (QPT) in the one-dimensional spin-l/2 Heisenberg-Ising model [Lieb E,Schultz T and Mattis D 1961 Ann.Phys.(N.Y.)16 407].We find the quantum phase boundary of this model by investigating the evolution of concurrence in terms of QRG iterations.We also investigate the scaling behavior of the system close to the quantum critical point,which shows that the minimum value of the first derivative of concurrence and the position of the minimum scale with an exponent of the system size.Also,the first derivative of concurrence between two blocks diverges at the quantum critical point,which is directly associated with the divergence of the correlation length.

  11. Enhancing the Trace Norm and Bures Norm Measurement-Induced Nonlocality in the Heisenberg XYZ Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Yu-Xia; Liu, Jing; Ma, Hong

    2016-07-01

    Nonlocality is one unique characteristic of quantum mechanics and an essential resource for quantum communication and computation. We investigate two measures of the well-defined geometric measurement-induced nonlocality (MIN) in the Heisenberg XYZ model, and found that considerable enhancement of the MINs can be achieved by tuning strength of the anisotropic parameter, the J z coupling, and the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya (DM) interaction of the model. Particularly, the maxima of the two MINs can be obtained when the strength of the J z coupling or the DM interaction approaches infinity. We have also demonstrated the singular behaviors of the two MINs such as the nonunique states ordering and the sudden change behaviors.

  12. Order in the Heisenberg pyrochlore: The magnetic structure of Gd2Ti2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champion, J. D. M.; Wills, A. S.; Fennell, T.; Bramwell, S. T.; Gardner, J. S.; Green, M. A.

    2001-10-01

    The rare-earth pyrochlore material Gd2Ti2O7 is considered to be an ideal model frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnet with additional dipolar interactions. For this system there are several untested theoretical predictions of the ground state ordering pattern. Here we establish the magnetic structure of isotopically enriched 160Gd2Ti2O7, using powder neutron diffraction at a temperature of 50 mK. The magnetic structure at this temperature is a partially ordered, noncollinear antiferromagnetic structure, with propagation vector k=121212. It can be described as a set of ``q=0'' ordered kagomé planes separated by zero interstitial moments. This magnetic structure agrees with theory only in part, leaving an interesting problem for future research.

  13. Spin conductivity of the two-dimensional anisotropic frustrated Heisenberg model in the honeycomb lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, L. S.

    2016-07-01

    We use the SU(3) Schwinger's boson theory to study the spin transport properties of the two-dimensional anisotropic frustrated Heisenberg model in a honeycomb lattice at T=0. We have investigated the behavior of the spin conductivity for this model which presents a single-ion anisotropy and J1 and J2 exchange interactions. We study the spin transport in the Bose-Einstein condensation regime where we have that the tz bosons are condensed and the following condition is valid: = = t. Our results show a metallic spin transport for ω > 0 and a superconductor spin transport in the limit of DC conductivity, ω → 0, where σ(ω) tends to infinity in this limit of ω.

  14. Nonequilibrium behaviors of the three-dimensional Heisenberg model in the Swendsen-Wang algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nonomura, Yoshihiko; Tomita, Yusuke

    2016-01-01

    Recently, it was shown [Y. Nonomura, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 83, 113001 (2014), 10.7566/JPSJ.83.113001] that the nonequilibrium critical relaxation of the two-dimensional (2D) Ising model from a perfectly ordered state in the Wolff algorithm is described by stretched-exponential decay, and a universal scaling scheme was found to connect nonequilibrium and equilibrium behaviors. In the present study we extend these findings to vector spin models, and the 3D Heisenberg model could be a typical example. To evaluate the critical temperature and critical exponents precisely using the above scaling scheme, we calculate nonequilibrium ordering from the perfectly disordered state in the Swendsen-Wang algorithm, and we find that the critical ordering process is described by stretched-exponential growth with a comparable exponent to that of the 3D X Y model. The critical exponents evaluated in the present study are consistent with those in previous studies.

  15. Heisenberg behavior of some carbon-beryllium compounds: How well truncated-CI approaches work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calzado, Carmen J; Monari, A; Evangelisti, S

    2011-01-30

    This works tries to establish the performance of truncated CI calculations on the evaluation of magnetic coupling parameters with respect to available FCI estimates on a set of carbon-beryllium clusters. First-, second- and third-neighbor magnetic coupling constants have been evaluated and many body effective parameters as the cyclic terms. They result from the fitting of the low-lying states to the eigenvalues of an extended Heisenberg Hamiltonian, involving not only two-body isotropic terms but also cyclic terms. SDCI and DDCI calculations have been carried out and their performance compared with FCI ones. The impact of the basis set choice and size-consistency errors have been explored.

  16. Plaquette order in the SU(6) Heisenberg model on the honeycomb lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nataf, Pierre; Lajkó, Miklós; Corboz, Philippe; Läuchli, Andreas M.; Penc, Karlo; Mila, Frédéric

    2016-05-01

    We revisit the SU(6) Heisenberg model on the honeycomb lattice, which has been predicted to be a chiral spin liquid by mean-field theory [G. Szirmai et al., Phys. Rev. A 84, 011611(R) (2011), 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.011611]. Using exact diagonalizations of finite clusters, infinite projected entangled pair state simulations, and variational Monte Carlo simulations based on Gutzwiller projected wave functions, we provide strong evidence that the model with one particle per site and nearest-neighbor exchange actually develops plaquette order. This is further confirmed by the investigation of the model with a ring-exchange term, which shows that there is a transition between the plaquette state and the chiral state at a finite value of the ring-exchange term.

  17. Strong Equivalence Principle in Polymer Quantum Mechanics and deformed Heisenberg Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Kajuri, Nirmalya

    2016-01-01

    The Strong equivalence Principle (SEP) states that the description of a physical system in a gravitational field is indistinguishable from the description of the same system at rest in an accelerating frame. While this statement holds true in both General Relativity and ordinary Quantum Mechanics, one expects it to fail when quantum gravity corrections are taken into account. In this paper we investigate the possible failure of the SEP in two Quantum Gravity inspired modifications of Quantum Mechanics - Polymer Quantum Mechanics and deformed Heisenberg Algebra. We find that the SEP fails to hold in both these theories. We estimate the deviation from SEP and find in both cases that it is too small to be measured in present day experiments.

  18. Comment on "More on Heisenberg's model for high energy nucleon-nucleon scattering"

    CERN Document Server

    Block, Martin M; Ha, Phuoc; Halzen, Francis

    2016-01-01

    We comment on the treatment of asymptotic black-disk scattering in a recent paper of Nastase and Sonnenschein, Phys.\\ Rev.\\ D\\ {\\bf 92}, 015028 (2015), on scattering in an updated version of the Heisenberg model which gives $pp$ and $\\bar{p}p$ cross sections which increase at very high energies as $\\ln^2s$. We show that the total cross section they define does not correspond to that measured in experiments, with the result that their limit for the ratio $\\sigma_{\\rm elas}/\\sigma_{\\rm tot}$ is too small by a factor 2. The correct ratio for black-disk scattering, $\\sigma_{\\rm elas}/\\sigma_{\\rm tot} \\rightarrow 1/2$ for $s\\rightarrow\\infty$, is strongly supported by experiment.

  19. Nonstandard deformed oscillators from $q$- and $(p,q)$-deformations of Heisenberg algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Gavrilik, A M

    2016-01-01

    For the two-parameter $p,q$-deformed Heisenberg algebra (DHA) introduced recently and in which, instead of usual commutator of $X$ and $P$ in the l.h.s. of basic relation $[X,P]={\\rm i}\\hbar$, one uses the $p,q$-commutator, we established interesting properties. Most important is the realizability of the $p,q$-DHA by means of the appropriate deformed oscillator algebra (DOA). Another uncovered property is special extension of the usual mutual Hermitian conjugation of the creation and annihilation operators, namely the so-called $\\eta(N)$-pseudo-Hermitian conjugation rule, along with the related $\\eta(N)$-pseudo-Hermiticity property of the position or momentum operators. In this work, we present some new solutions of the realization problem yielding new (nonstandard) deformed oscillators, and show their inequivalence to the earlier known solution and respective DOA, in particular what concerns ground state energy.

  20. Evolution in totally constrained models: Schr\\"odinger vs. Heisenberg pictures

    CERN Document Server

    Olmedo, Javier

    2016-01-01

    We study the relation between two evolution pictures that are currently considered for totally constrained theories. Both descriptions are based on Rovelli's evolving constants approach, where one identifies a (possibly local) degree of freedom of the system as an internal time. This method is well understood classically in several situations. The purpose of this manuscript is to further analyze this approach at the quantum level. Concretely, we will compare the (Schr\\"odinger-like) picture where the physical states evolve in time with the (Heisenberg-like) picture in which one defines parametrized observables (or evolving constants of the motion). We will show that in the particular situations considered in this manuscript (the parametrized relativistic particle and a spatially flat homogeneous and isotropic spacetime coupled to a massless scalar field) both descriptions are equivalent. We will finally comment on possible issues and on the genericness of the equivalence between both pictures.

  1. On Heisenberg Uncertainty Relationship, Its Extension, and the Quantum Issue of Wave-Particle Duality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai V. Putz

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Within the path integral Feynman formulation of quantum mechanics, the fundamental Heisenberg Uncertainty Relationship (HUR is analyzed in terms of the quantum fluctuation influence on coordinate and momentum estimations. While introducing specific particle and wave representations, as well as their ratio, in quantifying the wave-to-particle quantum information, the basic HUR is recovered in a close analytical manner for a large range of observable particle-wave Copenhagen duality, although with the dominant wave manifestation, while registering its progressive modification with the factor √1-n2, in terms of magnitude n ε [0,1] of the quantum fluctuation, for the free quantum evolution around the exact wave-particle equivalence. The practical implications of the present particle-to-wave ratio as well as of the free-evolution quantum picture are discussed for experimental implementation, broken symmetry and the electronic localization function.

  2. Einstein-Heisenberg consistency condition interplay with cosmological constant prediction in resummed quantum gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, B. F. L.

    2015-10-01

    We argue that our recent success in using our resummed quantum gravity (RQG) approach to Einstein’s general theory of relativity, in the context of the Planck scale cosmology formulation of Bonanno and Reuter, to estimate the value of the cosmological constant Λ supports the use of quantum mechanical consistency requirements to constrain the main uncertainty in that very promising result. This main uncertainty, which is due to the uncertainty in the value of the time ttr at which the transition from the Planck scale cosmology to the FRW model occurs, is shown to be reduced, by requiring consistency between the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and the known properties of the solutions of Einstein’s equations, from four orders of magnitude to the level of a factor of 𝒪(10). This lends more credibility to the overall RQG approach itself, in general, and to our estimate of Λ in particular.

  3. EuCo2P2 : A model molecular-field helical Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangeetha, N. S.; Cuervo-Reyes, Eduardo; Pandey, Abhishek; Johnston, D. C.

    2016-07-01

    The metallic compound EuCo2P2 with the body-centered tetragonal ThCr2Si2 structure containing Eu spins-7/2 was previously shown from single-crystal neutron diffraction measurements to exhibit a helical antiferromagnetic (AFM) structure below TN=66.5 K with the helix axis along the c axis and with the ordered moments aligned within the a b plane. Here we report crystallography, electrical resistivity, heat capacity, magnetization, and magnetic susceptibility measurements on single crystals of this compound. We demonstrate that EuCo2P2 is a model molecular-field helical Heisenberg antiferromagnet from comparisons of the anisotropic magnetic susceptibility χ , high-field magnetization, and magnetic heat capacity of EuCo2P2 single crystals at temperature T ≤TN with the predictions of our recent formulation of molecular-field theory. Values of the Heisenberg exchange interactions between the Eu spins are derived from the data. The low-T magnetic heat capacity ˜T3 arising from spin-wave excitations with no anisotropy gap is calculated and found to be comparable to the lattice heat capacity. The density of states at the Fermi energy of EuCo2P2 and the related compound BaCo2P2 are found from the heat capacity data to be large, 10 and 16 states/eV per formula unit for EuCo2P2 and BaCo2P2 , respectively. These values are enhanced by a factor of ˜2.5 above those found from DFT electronic structure calculations for the two compounds. The calculations also find ferromagnetic Eu-Eu exchange interactions within the a b plane and AFM interactions between Eu spins in nearest- and next-nearest planes, in agreement with the MFT analysis of χa b(T ≤TN) .

  4. Fermionology in the Kondo-Heisenberg model: the case of CeCoIn5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Yin; Zhang, Lan; Lu, Han-Tao; Luo, Hong-Gang

    2015-09-01

    The Fermi surface of heavy electron systems plays a fundamental role in understanding their variety of puzzling phenomena, for example, quantum criticality, strange metal behavior, unconventional superconductivity and even enigmatic phases with yet unknown order parameters. The spectroscopy measurement of the typical heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn5 has demonstrated multi-Fermi surface structure, which has not been studied in detail theoretically in a model system like the Kondo-Heisenberg model. In this work, we take a step toward such a theoretical model by revisiting the Kondo-Heisenberg model. It is found that the usual self-consistent calculation cannot reproduce the fermionology of the experimental observation of the system due to the sign binding between the hopping of the conduction electrons and the mean-field valence-bond order. To overcome such inconsistency, the mean-field valence-bond order is considered as a free/fitting parameter to correlate them with real-life experiments as performed in recent experiments [M.P. Allan, F. Massee, D.K. Morr, J. Van Dyke, A.W. Rost, A.P. Mackenzie, C. Petrovic, J.C. Davis, Nat. Phys. 9, 468 (2013); J. Van Dyke, F. Massee, M.P. Allan, J.C. Davis, C. Petrovic, D.K. Morr, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 111, 11663 (2014)], which also explicitly reflects the intrinsic dispersion of local electrons observed in experimental measurements. Given the fermionology, the calculated effective mass enhancement, entropy, superfluid density and Knight shift are all in qualitative agreement with the experimental results of CeCoIn5, which confirms our assumption. Our result supports a d_{x^2 - y^2 }-wave pairing structure in the heavy fermion material CeCoIn5.

  5. Catch Chain

    OpenAIRE

    Talbert, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Catch Chain is a book of poems that traces the journey of a Corrections Officer who attempts to combat issues of isolation, inhumane treatment of inmates and societal rejection in jails by embarking upon a cross-country road trip. However, the same issues the officer initially wrestled with begin cropping up in different cities, on various highways and in a multitude of states. The excitement and adventure of the open road runs parallel to the recurring imprisonment of the guard's mind.

  6. Critical and reentrant behavior of the spin quantum 1/2 anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet model with Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction in a longitudinal magnetic field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parente, Walter E.F.; Pacobahyba, J.T.M.; Araújo, Ijanílio G. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Roraima, BR 174, Km 12. Bairro Monte Cristo. CEP: 69300-000 Boa Vista, Roraima (Brazil); Neto, Minos A., E-mail: minos@pq.cnpq.br [Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Departamento de Física, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000, Manaus-AM (Brazil); Ricardo de Sousa, J. [Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Departamento de Física, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000, Manaus-AM (Brazil); National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000, Manaus-AM (Brazil); Akinci, Ümit [Department of Physics, Dokuz Eylül University, Tr-35160 Izmir (Turkey)

    2014-04-15

    In this paper we study the quantum spin-1/2 anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet model in the presence of a Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction (D) and a uniform longitudinal (H) magnetic field. Using the effective-field theory with a finite cluster N=2 spin (EFT-2) we calculate the phase diagrams in the H−T and D−T planes on a simple cubic lattice (z=6). We have only observed second order phase transitions for values between Δ∈[0,1], where the cases were analysed: Ising (Δ=1), anisotropic Heisenberg (Δ=0.6) and isotropic Heisenberg (Δ=0). - Highlights: • Anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a simple cubic lattice. • Effective-field theory. • Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction.

  7. Thermodynamics of Inozemtsev's Elliptic Spin Chain

    CERN Document Server

    Klabbers, Rob

    2016-01-01

    We study the thermodynamic behaviour of Inozemtsev's long-range elliptic spin chain using the Bethe ansatz equations describing the spectrum of the model in the infinite-length limit. We classify all solutions of these equations in that limit and argue which of these solutions determine the spectrum in the thermodynamic limit. Interestingly, some of the solutions are not selfconjugate, which puts the model in sharp contrast to one of the model's limiting cases, the Heisenberg xxx spin chain. Invoking the string hypothesis we derive the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz equations (TBA-equations) from which we determine the Helmholtz free energy in thermodynamic equilibrium and derive the associated Y-system. We corroborate our results by comparing numerical solutions of the TBA-equations to a direct computation of the free energy for the finite-length hamiltonian. In addition we confirm numerically the interesting conjecture put forward by Finkel and Gonz\\'alez-L\\'opez that the original and supersymmetric versions of...

  8. Alcance y Función de las Teorias Físicas em Hylary Putnam y Werner Heisenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian de Ronde

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In this work we attempt to analyze the intra-theoretic characterization provided by Hilary Putnam and Werner Heisenberg between quantum mechanics and other theories. The first defended the idea that physical theories include macro principles that under specific definite historical conditions can be revised on the light of rival principles. Putnam will concentrate in the impact that quantum mechanics has produced in the classical image of knowledge. Heisenberg, on the other hand, develops his analysis from the notion of closed theories, assuming the independence and incommensurability of physical theories. These divergences between the two authors will allow us to analyze how the disagreement in the consideration of the status of physical theories, goes deeper into more profound aspects related to the nature of knowledge and the relation between theory and world

  9. Self-consistent Gaussian approximation study of classical J1-J2 Heisenberg model in honeycomb and diamond lattices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Rahimipour

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The classical J1-J2 Heisenberg model on bipartite lattice exhibits "Neel" order. However if the AF interactions between the next nearest neighbor(nnn are increased with respect to the nearest neighbor(nn, the frustration effect arises. In such situations, new phases such as ordered phases with coplanar or spiral ordering and disordered phases such as spin liquids can arise. In this paper we use the self-consistent Gaussian approximation to study the J1-J2 Heisenberg model in honeycomb and diamond lattices. We find the spin liquid phases such as ring-liquid and pancake-liquid in honeycomb lattice.Also for diamond lattice we show that the degeneracy of ground state can be lifted by thermal fluctuations through the order by disorder mechanism.

  10. Field driven phases in the geometrically frustrated dipolar Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Ti2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enjalran, Matthew; Del Maestro, Adrian; Gingras, Michel J. P.

    2008-03-01

    The rare-earth pyrochlore gadolinium titanate, Gd2Ti2O7, represents an excellent experimental realization of a Heisenberg antiferromagnet (AFM) in a frustrated geometry with weak long-range dipole-dipole interactions (approximately 20% of nearest neighbor AFM exchange). Experiments on Gd2Ti2O7 in a magnetic field reveal a complex phase diagram associated with the breaking of spatial symmetries of the pyrochlore lattice as the field is applied along select symmetry directions. We study a model of classical Heisenberg spins (O(3) symmetry) on a pyrochlore lattice with exchange and dipolar interactions within mean-field theory. Using parameters relevant to the material system, we develop phase diagrams in finite magnetic fields. Our results our compared to experiments on Gd2Ti2O7 (and Gd2Sn2O7).

  11. Best Constants for Moser-Trudinger Inequalities, Fundamental Solutions and One-Parameter Representation Formulas on Groups of Heisenberg Type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    COHN William S.; LU Guo Zhen

    2002-01-01

    We derive the explicit fundamental solutions for a class of degenerate (or singular) oneparameter subelliptic differential operators on groups of Heisenberg (H) type. This extends the result of Kaplan for the sub-Laplacian on H-type groups, which in turn generalizes Folland's result on the Heisenberg group. As an application, we obtain a one-parameter representation formula for Sobolev functions of compact support on H-type groups. By choosing the parameter equal to the homogeneous dimension Q and using the Moser-Trudinger inequality for the convolutional type operator on stratified groups obtained in [18], we get the following theorem which gives the best constant for the MoserTrudinger inequality for Sobolev functions on H-type groups.Let G be any group of Heisenberg type whose Lie algebra is generated by m left invariant vectorfields and with a q-dimensional center. Let Q = m + 2q, Q′= Q/Q-1 andAQ= [(1/4)q-1/2πq+m/2Γ(Q+m/4)/ QΓ(m/2)Γ(Q/2)] 1/Q-1Then,F∈sup C∞U(Ω) { 1/|Ω|∫Ωexp (AQ(F(u)/‖ GF‖Q)Q′)du}<∞,with AQ as the sharp constant, where G denotes the subelliptic gradient on G.This continues the research originated in our earlier study of the best constants in Moser-Teudinger inequalities and fundamental solutions for one-parameter subelliptic operators on the Heisenberg group[18].

  12. Semiclassical theory of the magnetization process of the triangular lattice Heisenberg model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coletta, Tommaso; Tóth, Tamás A.; Penc, Karlo; Mila, Frédéric

    2016-08-01

    Motivated by the numerous examples of 1/3 magnetization plateaux in the triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet with spins ranging from 1/2 to 5/2, we revisit the semiclassical calculation of the magnetization curve of that model, with the aim of coming up with a simple method that allows one to calculate the full magnetization curve and not just the critical fields of the 1/3 plateau. We show that it is actually possible to calculate the magnetization curve including the first quantum corrections and the appearance of the 1/3 plateau entirely within linear spin-wave theory, with predictions for the critical fields that agree to order 1 /S with those derived a long time ago on the basis of arguments that required going beyond linear spin-wave theory. This calculation relies on the central observation that there is a kink in the semiclassical energy at the field where the classical ground state is the collinear up-up-down structure and that this kink gives rise to a locally linear behavior of the energy with the field when all semiclassical ground states are compared to each other for all fields. The magnetization curves calculated in this way for spin 1/2, 1, and 5/2 are shown to be in good agreement with available experimental data.

  13. Expressions of excited states by triplet dimers in heisenberg antiferromagnetic ladders. Analysis of magnetic Raman spectra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Natsume, Yuhei; Tada, Shinichiro; Suzuki, Toshihiko [Chiba Univ., Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba (Japan)

    2002-06-01

    Characteristic properties of excited states in antiferromagnetic ladder systems with spin-1/2 are investigated in relation with the theoretical analysis of the quite asymmetric shape of the peak for twice the spin gap {delta}{sub g} in magnetic Raman spectra. Here, the structure of exchange-scattering spectra are reproduced by the numerical calculation for the finite Heisenberg ladder, in which legs with antiferromagnetic bond J{sub c} is connected by rungs with antiferromagnetic bond J{sub r}. The singlet ground state in this system can be expressed as the ordering of singlet dimers on rungs in the ladder for J{sub c}/J{sub r} {yields} +0. In fact, the value of 0.1 is adopted to be the ratio of J{sub c}/J{sub r} in order to discuss the experimental work of the magnetic Raman spectra for the ladder of V{sup 4+} ions in the oxide compound CaV{sub 2}O{sub 5} reported in Konstantinovic et al., Phys. Rev. B61 (2000), 15185. As for this peak of 2{delta}{sub g}, quite an asymmetric observed shape is explained by the present calculation. According to the analysis of spectra, we discuss the expression of excited states by triplet dimers on rungs: The dominant contribution of the pair of triplet dimers on adjacent rungs to the corresponding state for 2{delta}{sub g} peak is pointed out. (author)

  14. Electronic properties of corrugated graphene: the Heisenberg principle and wormhole geometry in the solid state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atanasov, Victor; Saxena, Avadh

    2011-05-01

    Adopting a purely two-dimensional relativistic equation for graphene's carriers contradicts the Heisenberg uncertainty principle since it requires setting the off-the-surface coordinate of a three-dimensional wavefunction to zero. Here we present a theoretical framework for describing graphene's massless relativistic carriers in accordance with this most fundamental of all quantum principles. A gradual confining procedure is used to restrict the dynamics onto a surface and normal to the surface parts, and in the process the embedding of this surface into the three-dimensional world is accounted for. As a result an invariant geometric potential arises in the surface part which scales linearly with the mean curvature and shifts the Fermi energy of the material proportional to bending. Strain induced modification of the electronic properties or 'straintronics' is clearly an important field of study in graphene. This opens an avenue to producing electronic devices: micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS), where the electronic properties are controlled by geometric means and no additional alteration of graphene is necessary. The appearance of this geometric potential also provides us with clues as to how quantum dynamics looks in the curved space-time of general relativity. In this context we explore a two-dimensional cross-section of the wormhole geometry, realized with graphene as a solid state thought experiment. PMID:21474883

  15. Electronic properties of corrugated graphene: the Heisenberg principle and wormhole geometry in the solid state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atanasov, Victor [Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Sofia University, 5 Boulevard J Boucher, 1164 Sofia (Bulgaria); Saxena, Avadh, E-mail: vatanaso@gmail.com, E-mail: avadh@lanl.gov [Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2011-05-04

    Adopting a purely two-dimensional relativistic equation for graphene's carriers contradicts the Heisenberg uncertainty principle since it requires setting the off-the-surface coordinate of a three-dimensional wavefunction to zero. Here we present a theoretical framework for describing graphene's massless relativistic carriers in accordance with this most fundamental of all quantum principles. A gradual confining procedure is used to restrict the dynamics onto a surface and normal to the surface parts, and in the process the embedding of this surface into the three-dimensional world is accounted for. As a result an invariant geometric potential arises in the surface part which scales linearly with the mean curvature and shifts the Fermi energy of the material proportional to bending. Strain induced modification of the electronic properties or 'straintronics' is clearly an important field of study in graphene. This opens an avenue to producing electronic devices: micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS), where the electronic properties are controlled by geometric means and no additional alteration of graphene is necessary. The appearance of this geometric potential also provides us with clues as to how quantum dynamics looks in the curved space-time of general relativity. In this context we explore a two-dimensional cross-section of the wormhole geometry, realized with graphene as a solid state thought experiment.

  16. Cat-States in the Framework of Wigner-Heisenberg Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Dehghani, A; Shirin, S; Saedi, M

    2016-01-01

    A one-parameter generalized Wigner-Heisenberg algebra( WHA) is reviewed in detail. It is shown that WHA verifies the deformed commutation rule $[\\hat{x}, \\hat{p}_{\\lambda}] = i(1 + 2\\lambda \\hat{R})$ and also highlights the dynamical symmetries of the pseudo-harmonic oscillator( PHO). \\textbf{The present article is devoted to the study of new cat-states} built from $\\lambda$-deformed Schr\\"{o}dinger coherent states, which according to the Barut-Girardello scheme are defined as the eigenstates of the generalized annihilation operator. Particular attention is devoted to the limiting case where the Schr\\"{o}dinger cat states are obtained. Nonclassical features and quantum statistical properties of these states are studied by evaluation of Mandel's parameter and quadrature squeezing with respect to the $\\lambda-$deformed canonical pairs $( \\hat{x}, \\hat{p}_{\\lambda})$. It is shown that these states minimize the uncertainty relations of each pair of the $su(1,1)$ components.

  17. Ground-state and low-lying excitations of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monte Carlo methods are used to determine the exact ground-state energy of the spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on two-dimensional square periodic lattices up to size 32 x 32. The extrapolated ground-state energy for infinite lattice size is -0.33459+-0.000 05. In addition, splittings between the ground state and the lowest spin-1 and -2 excitations are determined as a function of lattice size. The scaling of both the ground-state energy and the gap are in agreement with that predicted by spin-wave theory over a wide range of lattice sizes. In particular, numerical results demonstrate convincingly the lack of a gap for infinite systems, and that the gap for finite systems scales with the inverse volume of the lattice. Finally, we present results for the ground-state spin-correlation function. Our approximate results for larger lattices indicate that the staggered magnetization is 0.34+-0.01 units where the saturated value is

  18. Semiclassical initial value representation for the quantum propagator in the Heisenberg interaction representation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petersen, Jakob; Pollak, Eli, E-mail: eli.pollak@weizmann.ac.il [Chemical Physics Department, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot (Israel)

    2015-12-14

    One of the challenges facing on-the-fly ab initio semiclassical time evolution is the large expense needed to converge the computation. In this paper, we suggest that a significant saving in computational effort may be achieved by employing a semiclassical initial value representation (SCIVR) of the quantum propagator based on the Heisenberg interaction representation. We formulate and test numerically a modification and simplification of the previous semiclassical interaction representation of Shao and Makri [J. Chem. Phys. 113, 3681 (2000)]. The formulation is based on the wavefunction form of the semiclassical propagation instead of the operator form, and so is simpler and cheaper to implement. The semiclassical interaction representation has the advantage that the phase and prefactor vary relatively slowly as compared to the “standard” SCIVR methods. This improves its convergence properties significantly. Using a one-dimensional model system, the approximation is compared with Herman-Kluk’s frozen Gaussian and Heller’s thawed Gaussian approximations. The convergence properties of the interaction representation approach are shown to be favorable and indicate that the interaction representation is a viable way of incorporating on-the-fly force field information within a semiclassical framework.

  19. Critical behavior of the three-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet RbMnF3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Coldea, R.; Cowley, R.A.; Perring, T.G.;

    1998-01-01

    The magnetic critical scattering of the near-ideal three-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet (AF) RbMnF3 has been remeasured using neutron scattering. The critical dynamics has been studied in detail in the temperature range 0.77T(N) < T < 1.11T(N), where T-N is the Neel temperature. In agreem...... the leading term in the scaling behavior of the energy width was gamma(q) approximate to q(1.58+/-0.03) (hydrodynamic theory predicts a q(2) law). Possible explanations for the observed behavior of the longitudinal susceptibility are discussed........ In agreement with previous measurements, at T-N and for wave vectors away from the AF zone center, the scattering has a quasielastic component in addition to the inelastic response predicted by renormalization-group and mode-coupling theories. Both components scale with the dynamic exponent z = 1.43 +/- 0.......04, in agreement with dynamic scaling. On cooling below T-N the inelastic peaks transform into the transverse spin waves and a crossover has been observed in the dispersion from a power-law relation omega(q) = Aq(z) at T-N to a linear behavior omega(q) = cq in the hydrodynamic region below T-N. The quasielastic...

  20. Experimentally determining the exchange parameters of quasi-two-dimensional Heisenberg magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goddard, P A; Lancaster, T; Blundell, S J [Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Singleton, J; Sengupta, P; McDonald, R D; Cox, S; Harrison, N [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, MS-E536, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Pratt, F L [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Manson, J L; Southerland, H I [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Eastern Washington University, Cheney, WA 99004 (United States); Schlueter, J A [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)], E-mail: p.goddard1@physics.ox.ac.uk

    2008-08-15

    Though long-range magnetic order cannot occur at temperatures T>0 in a perfect two-dimensional (2D) Heisenberg magnet, real quasi-2D materials will invariably possess nonzero inter-plane coupling J{sub p}erpendicular driving the system to order at elevated temperatures. This process can be studied using quantum Monte Carlo calculations. However, it is difficult to test the results of these calculations experimentally since for highly anisotropic materials in which the in-plane coupling is comparable with attainable magnetic fields J{sub p}erpendicular is necessarily very small and inaccessible directly. In addition, because of the large anisotropy, the Neel temperatures are low and difficult to determine from thermodynamic measurements. Here, we present an elegant method of assessing the calculations via two independent experimental probes: pulsed-field magnetization in fields of up to 85 T, and muon-spin rotation. We successfully demonstrate the application of this method for nine metal-organic Cu-based quasi-2D magnets with pyrazine (pyz) bridges. Our results suggest the superexchange efficiency of the [Cu(HF{sub 2})(pyz){sub 2}]X family of compounds (where X can be ClO{sub 4}, BF{sub 4}, PF{sub 6}, SbF{sub 6} and AsF{sub 6}) might be controlled by the tilting of the pyz molecule with respect to the 2D planes.

  1. Experimentally determining the exchange parameters of quasi-two-dimensional Heisenberg magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Though long-range magnetic order cannot occur at temperatures T>0 in a perfect two-dimensional (2D) Heisenberg magnet, real quasi-2D materials will invariably possess nonzero inter-plane coupling Jperpendicular driving the system to order at elevated temperatures. This process can be studied using quantum Monte Carlo calculations. However, it is difficult to test the results of these calculations experimentally since for highly anisotropic materials in which the in-plane coupling is comparable with attainable magnetic fields Jperpendicular is necessarily very small and inaccessible directly. In addition, because of the large anisotropy, the Neel temperatures are low and difficult to determine from thermodynamic measurements. Here, we present an elegant method of assessing the calculations via two independent experimental probes: pulsed-field magnetization in fields of up to 85 T, and muon-spin rotation. We successfully demonstrate the application of this method for nine metal-organic Cu-based quasi-2D magnets with pyrazine (pyz) bridges. Our results suggest the superexchange efficiency of the [Cu(HF2)(pyz)2]X family of compounds (where X can be ClO4, BF4, PF6, SbF6 and AsF6) might be controlled by the tilting of the pyz molecule with respect to the 2D planes

  2. Heisenberg antiferromagnet on Cayley trees: Low-energy spectrum and even/odd site imbalance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changlani, Hitesh J.; Ghosh, Shivam; Henley, Christopher L.; Läuchli, Andreas M.

    2013-02-01

    To understand the role of local sublattice imbalance in low-energy spectra of s=(1)/(2) quantum antiferromagnets, we study the s=(1)/(2) quantum nearest neighbor Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the coordination 3 Cayley tree. We perform many-body calculations using an implementation of the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) technique for generic tree graphs. We discover that the bond-centered Cayley tree has a quasidegenerate set of a low-lying tower of states and an “anomalous” singlet-triplet finite-size gap scaling. For understanding the construction of the first excited state from the many-body ground state, we consider a wave function ansatz given by the single-mode approximation, which yields a high overlap with the DMRG wave function. Observing the ground-state entanglement spectrum leads us to a picture of the low-energy degrees of freedom being “giant spins” arising out of sublattice imbalance, which helps us analytically understand the scaling of the finite-size spin gap. The Schwinger-boson mean-field theory has been generalized to nonuniform lattices, and ground states have been found which are spatially inhomogeneous in the mean-field parameters.

  3. Our Electron Model vindicates Schr"odinger's Incomplete Results and Require Restatement of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLeod, David; McLeod, Roger

    2008-04-01

    The electron model used in our other joint paper here requires revision of some foundational physics. That electron model followed from comparing the experimentally proved results of human vision models using spatial Fourier transformations, SFTs, of pincushion and Hermann grids. Visual systems detect ``negative'' electric field values for darker so-called ``illusory'' diagonals that are physical consequences of the lens SFT of the Hermann grid, distinguishing this from light ``illusory'' diagonals. This indicates that oppositely directed vectors of the separate illusions are discretely observable, constituting another foundational fault in quantum mechanics, QM. The SFT of human vision is merely the scaled SFT of QM. Reciprocal space results of wavelength and momentum mimic reciprocal relationships between space variable x and spatial frequency variable p, by the experiment mentioned. Nobel laureate physicist von B'ek'esey, physiology of hearing, 1961, performed pressure input Rect x inputs that the brain always reports as truncated Sinc p, showing again that the brain is an adjunct built by sight, preserves sign sense of EMF vectors, and is hard wired as an inverse SFT. These require vindication of Schr"odinger's actual, but incomplete, wave model of the electron as having physical extent over the wave, and question Heisenberg's uncertainty proposal.

  4. The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle and the Nyquist-Shannon Sampling Theorem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Millette P. A.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The derivation of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle (HUP from the Uncertainty Theorem of Fourier Transform theory demonstrates that the HUP arises from the dependency of momentum on a wave number that exists at the quantum level. It also establishes that the HUP is purely a relationship between the effective widths of Fourier transform pairs of variables (i.e. conjugate variables. We note that the HUP is not a quantum mechanical measurement principle per se. We introduce the Quantum Mechanical equivalent of the Nyquist-Shannon Sampling Theorem of Fourier Transform theory, and show that it is a better principle to describe the measurement limitations of Quantum Mechanics. We show that Brillouin zones in Solid State Physics are a manifestation of the Nyquist-Shannon Sampling Theorem at the quantum level. By comparison with other fields where Fourier Transform theory is used, we propose that we need todiscern between measurement limitations and inherent limitations when interpreting the impact of the HUP on the nature of the quantum level. We further propose that while measurement limitations result in our perception of indeterminism at the quantum level, there is no evidence that there are any inherent limitations at the quantum level, based on the Nyquist-Shannon Sampling Theorem

  5. Quantum entanglement and criticality of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model in an external field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guang-Hua; Li, Ruo-Yan; Tian, Guang-Shan

    2012-06-27

    By Lanczos exact diagonalization and the infinite time-evolving block decimation (iTEBD) technique, the two-site entanglement as well as the bipartite entanglement, the ground state energy, the nearest-neighbor correlations, and the magnetization in the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg (AFH) model under an external field are investigated. With increasing external field, the small size system shows some distinct upward magnetization stairsteps, accompanied synchronously with some downward two-site entanglement stairsteps. In the thermodynamic limit, the two-site entanglement, as well as the bipartite entanglement, the ground state energy, the nearest-neighbor correlations, and the magnetization are calculated, and the critical magnetic field h(c) = 2.0 is determined exactly. Our numerical results show that the quantum entanglement is sensitive to the subtle changing of the ground state, and can be used to describe the magnetization and quantum phase transition. Based on the discontinuous behavior of the first-order derivative of the entanglement entropy and fidelity per site, we think that the quantum phase transition in this model should belong to the second-order category. Furthermore, in the magnon existence region (h entanglement which can be described by a free bosonic field theory is observed, and the central charge c is determined to be 1.

  6. Monte carlo simulation study of the square lattice S=1/2 quantum heisenberg antiferromagnet

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, J K

    1999-01-01

    For the two dimensional S= 1/2 isotopic quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice, we report our results of an extensive quantum Monte Carlo simulation for various physical observables such as the correlation length xi, the staggered magnetic susceptibility chi sub S sub T , the structure factor peak value S(Q), the internal energy epsilon, and the uniform susceptibility chi sub u. We find that chi sub S sub T approx chi sup 2 T and S(Q) approx xi sup 2 T sup 2 , in agreement with the predictions of the conventional theory but in disagreement with recent experiments. Our estimate of the spin stiffness constant rho sub s and spin wave velocity c, from the low temperature behavior of the chi sub u is shown to be consistent with the theoretical prediction of the low temperature behavior of the epsilon, and of the xi provided an additional correction up to T sup 2. However, our data are definitely inconsistent with the scenario of the crossover for the xi.

  7. Heat Conductivity of the Heisenberg Spin-1 /2 Ladder: From Weak to Strong Breaking of Integrability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinigeweg, Robin; Herbrych, Jacek; Zotos, Xenophon; Brenig, Wolfram

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the heat conductivity κ of the Heisenberg spin-1 /2 ladder at finite temperature covering the entire range of interchain coupling J⊥, by using several numerical methods and perturbation theory within the framework of linear response. We unveil that a perturbative prediction κ ∝J⊥-2 , based on simple golden-rule arguments and valid in the strict limit J⊥→0 , applies to a remarkably wide range of J⊥, qualitatively and quantitatively. In the large J⊥ limit, we show power-law scaling of opposite nature, namely, κ ∝J⊥2. Moreover, we demonstrate the weak and strong coupling regimes to be connected by a broad minimum, slightly below the isotropic point at J⊥=J∥. Reducing temperature T , starting from T =∞ , this minimum scales as κ ∝T-2 down to T on the order of the exchange coupling constant. These results provide for a comprehensive picture of κ (J⊥,T ) of spin ladders.

  8. Spin-1/2 Heisenberg J1-J2 antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Yasir; Poilblanc, Didier; Becca, Federico

    2015-01-01

    We report variational Monte Carlo calculations for the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice in the presence of both nearest-neighbor J1 and next-nearest-neighbor J2 antiferromagnetic superexchange couplings. Our approach is based upon Gutzwiller projected fermionic states that represent a flexible tool to describe quantum spin liquids with different properties (e.g., gapless and gapped). We show that, on finite clusters, a gapped Z2 spin liquid can be stabilized in the presence of a finite J2 superexchange, with a substantial energy gain with respect to the gapless U (1 ) Dirac spin liquid. However, this energy gain vanishes in the thermodynamic limit, implying that, at least within this approach, the U (1 ) Dirac spin liquid remains stable in a relatively large region of the phase diagram. For J2/J1≳0.3 , we find that a magnetically ordered state with q =0 overcomes the magnetically disordered wave functions, suggesting the end of the putative gapless spin-liquid phase.

  9. Spin wave dynamics in Heisenberg ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic single-walled nanotubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mi, Bin-Zhou

    2016-09-01

    The spin wave dynamics, including the magnetization, spin wave dispersion relation, and energy level splitting, of Heisenberg ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic single-walled nanotubes are systematically calculated by use of the double-time Green's function method within the random phase approximation. The role of temperature, diameter of the tube, and wave vector on spin wave energy spectrum and energy level splitting are carefully analyzed. There are two categories of spin wave modes, which are quantized and degenerate, and the total number of independent magnon branches is dependent on diameter of the tube, caused by the physical symmetry of nanotubes. Moreover, the number of flat spin wave modes increases with diameter of the tube rising. The spin wave energy and the energy level splitting decrease with temperature rising, and become zero as temperature reaches the critical point. At any temperature, the energy level splitting varies with wave vector, and for a larger wave vector it is smaller. When pb=π, the boundary of first Brillouin zone, spin wave energies are degenerate, and the energy level splittings are zero.

  10. Monte Carlo studies of chiral and spin ordering of the three-dimensional Heisenberg spin glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viet, Dao Xuan; Kawamura, Hikaru

    2009-08-01

    The nature of the ordering of the three-dimensional isotropic Heisenberg spin glass with nearest-neighbor random Gaussian coupling is studied by extensive Monte Carlo simulations. Several independent physical quantities are measured both for the spin and for the chirality, including the correlation-length ratio, the Binder ratio, the glass order parameter, the overlap distribution function, and the nonself-averageness parameter. By controlling the effect of the correction-to-scaling, we have obtained a numerical evidence for the occurrence of successive chiral-glass and spin-glass transitions at nonzero temperatures, TCG>TSG>0 . Hence, the spin and the chirality are decoupled in the ordering of the model. The chiral-glass exponents are estimated to be νCG=1.4±0.2 and ηCG=0.6±0.2 , indicating that the chiral-glass transition lies in a universality class different from that of the Ising spin glass. The possibility that the spin and chiral sectors undergo a simultaneous Kosterlitz-Thouless-type transition is ruled out. The chiral-glass state turns out to be nonself-averaging, possibly accompanying a one-step-like peculiar replica-symmetry breaking. Implications to the chirality scenario of experimental spin-glass transitions are discussed.

  11. Dynamics of two center spins in a Quantum Heisenberg XY system

    CERN Document Server

    Jing, J; Jing, Jun; L\\"u, Zhi-Guo

    2006-01-01

    The dynamics of two coupled spins of 1/2 coupled to spin-bath of a quantum Heisenberg XY type \\cite{Breuer, Yuan} is studied. The center pair of spins served as an quantum open subsystem were initially prepared in a Bell state or a product state and the bath consisted of $N$ ($N\\to\\infty$ as the thermodynamic limit) spins-1/2 is in a thermal state at different temperatures from the beginning. Transformed by the Holstein-Primakoff operator, the model will be treated effectively as two spin qubits embedded in a single mode cavity. Then the von-Neumann entropy, z-component summation and the concurrence of the center spins can be determined by a novel polynomial scheme for the time-evolution of quantum systems. It is found that (i) with increasing temperature, the bath plays a more strong destroy effect on the coherence or entanglement of the subsystem; (ii) the larger the coupling strength between the subsystem spins, the less the variation of the initial state; (iii) the stronger the interaction between the sub...

  12. Nonperturbative quantization \\`a la Heisenberg for non-Abelian gauge theories: two-equation approximation

    CERN Document Server

    Dzhunushaliev, Vladimir

    2016-01-01

    The nonperturbative quantization technique \\`{a} la Heisenberg is applied for non-Abelian gauge theories. The operator Yang-Mills equation is written, which on the corresponding averaging gives an infinite set of equations for all Green functions. We split all degrees of freedom into two groups: in the former, we have $A^a_\\mu \\in \\mathcal G \\subset SU(N)$, and in the second group we have coset degrees of freedom $SU(N) / \\mathcal G$. Using such splitting and some assumptions about 2- and 4-point Green functions, we truncate the infinite set of equations to two equations. The first equation is for the gauge fields from the subgroup $\\mathcal G$, and the second equation is for a gluon condensate which is the dispersion of quantum fluctuations of the coset fields. As an example, we obtain a flux tube solution describing longitudinal color electric fields stretched between quark and antiquark located at the $\\pm$ infinities. This solution represents the dual Meissner effect: the electric field is pushed out from...

  13. The anisotropic quantum spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet in the presence of a longitudinal field on a bcc lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neto, Minos A., E-mail: minos@pq.cnpq.br [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, 3000, Japiim, Manaus, 69077-000 AM (Brazil); Roberto Viana, J., E-mail: vianafisica@bol.com.br [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, 3000, Japiim, Manaus, 69077-000 AM (Brazil); Ricardo de Sousa, J., E-mail: jsousa@edu.ufam.br [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, 3000, Japiim, Manaus, 69077-000 AM (Brazil); National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, 3000, Japiim, Manaus, 69077-000 AM (Brazil)

    2012-08-15

    In this work we study the critical behavior of the quantum spin-1/2 anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet in the presence of a longitudinal field on a body centered cubic (bcc) lattice as a function of temperature, anisotropy parameter ({Delta}) and magnetic field (H), where {Delta}=0 and 1 correspond the isotropic Heisenberg and Ising models, respectively. We use the framework of the differential operator technique in the effective-field theory with finite cluster of N=4 spins (EFT-4). The staggered m{sub s}=(m{sub A}-m{sub B})/2 and total m=(m{sub A}+m{sub B})/2 magnetizations are numerically calculated, where in the limit of m{sub s}{yields}0 the critical line T{sub N}(H,{Delta}) is obtained. The phase diagram in the T-H plane is discussed as a function of the parameter {Delta} for all values of H Element-Of [0,H{sub c}({Delta})], where H{sub c}({Delta}) correspond the critical field (T{sub N}=0). Special focus is given in the low temperature region, where a reentrant behavior is observed around of H=H{sub c}({Delta}){>=}H{sub c}({Delta}=1)=8J in the Ising limit, results in accordance with Monte Carlo simulation, and also was observed for all values of {Delta} Element-Of [0,1]. This reentrant behavior increases with increase of the anisotropy parameter {Delta}. In the limit of low field, our results for the Heisenberg limit are compared with series expansion values. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In the lat decade there has been a great interest in the physics of the quantum phase transition in spins system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Effective-field theory in cluster with N=4 spins is generalized to treat the quantum spin-1/2 Heisenberg model. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We have obtained phase diagram at finite temperature for the quantum spin-1/2 antiferromagnet Heisenberg model as a bcc lattice.

  14. Decoherence as attenuation of mesoscopic echoes in a spin-chain channel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An initial local excitation in a confined quantum system evolves, exploring the whole system and returning to the initial position as a mesoscopic echo at the Heisenberg time. We consider two weakly coupled spin chains, a spin ladder, where one is a quantum channel while the other represents an environment. We quantify decoherence in the quantum channel through the attenuation of the mesoscopic echoes. We evaluate decoherence rates for different ratios between sources of amplitude fluctuation and dephasing in the interchain interaction Hamiltonian. The many-body dynamics is seen as a one-body evolution with a decoherence rate given by the Fermi golden rule.

  15. Heat Transport in Spin Chains with Weak Spin-Phonon Coupling

    OpenAIRE

    Chernyshev, AL; Rozhkov, AV

    2015-01-01

    © 2016 American Physical Society. The heat transport in a system of S=1/2 large-J Heisenberg spin chains, describing closely Sr2CuO3 and SrCuO2 cuprates, is studied theoretically at TJ by considering interactions of the bosonized spin excitations with optical phonons and defects. Treating rigorously the multiboson processes, we derive a microscopic spin-phonon scattering rate that adheres to an intuitive picture of phonons acting as thermally populated defects for the fast spin excitations. T...

  16. Engineering the Dynamics of Effective Spin-Chain Models for Strongly Interacting Atomic Gases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Volosniev, A. G.; Petrosyan, D.; Valiente, M.;

    2015-01-01

    We consider a one-dimensional gas of cold atoms with strong contact interactions and construct an effective spin-chain Hamiltonian for a two-component system. The resulting Heisenberg spin model can be engineered by manipulating the shape of the external confining potential of the atomic gas. We ...... of the dynamics of few- and many-body quantum systems; as an illustrative example relevant to quantum computation and communication, we consider state transfer in the simplest non-trivial system of four particles representing exchange-coupled qubits....

  17. A hidden BFKL / XXX s = -1/2 spin chain mapping

    CERN Document Server

    Romagnoni, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    A new mapping between the BFKL equation and Beisert's representation of the XXX Heisenberg ferromagnet with spin s = - 1/2 is given. The action of the Hamiltonian operator of a spin chain with SL(2) invariance on a symmetric double copy of a harmonic oscillator excited state is shown to be identical to the action of the BFKL Hamiltonian on the gluon Green function for the azimuthal-angle averaged forward scattering case. A natural mapping between the gluon Green function, discretized in virtuality space, and the double harmonic oscillator excited state emerges.

  18. Decoherence as attenuation of mesoscopic echoes in a spin-chain channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Álvarez, Gonzalo A.; Danieli, Ernesto P.; Levstein, Patricia R.; Pastawski, Horacio M.

    2010-07-01

    An initial local excitation in a confined quantum system evolves, exploring the whole system and returning to the initial position as a mesoscopic echo at the Heisenberg time. We consider two weakly coupled spin chains, a spin ladder, where one is a quantum channel while the other represents an environment. We quantify decoherence in the quantum channel through the attenuation of the mesoscopic echoes. We evaluate decoherence rates for different ratios between sources of amplitude fluctuation and dephasing in the interchain interaction Hamiltonian. The many-body dynamics is seen as a one-body evolution with a decoherence rate given by the Fermi golden rule.

  19. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX chain with triangular boundaries and Gaudin model

    CERN Document Server

    António, N Cirilo; Salom, I

    2014-01-01

    We implement fully the algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX Heisenberg spin chain in the case when both boundary matrices can be brought to the upper-triangular form. We define the Bethe vectors which yield the strikingly simple expression for the off shell action of the transfer matrix, deriving the spectrum and the corresponding Bethe equations. We explore further these results by obtaining the off shell action of the generating function of the Gaudin Hamiltonians on the Bethe vectors through the so-called quasi-classical limit.

  20. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX chain with triangular boundaries and Gaudin model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cirilo António, N.; Manojlović, N.; Salom, I.

    2014-12-01

    We implement fully the algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX Heisenberg spin chain in the case when both boundary matrices can be brought to the upper-triangular form. We define the Bethe vectors which yield the strikingly simple expression for the off shell action of the transfer matrix, deriving the spectrum and the relevant Bethe equations. We explore further these results by obtaining the off shell action of the generating function of the Gaudin Hamiltonians on the corresponding Bethe vectors through the so-called quasi-classical limit. Moreover, this action is as simple as it could possibly be, yielding the spectrum and the Bethe equations of the Gaudin model.

  1. Chain reaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chain Reaction is a work of recent American political history. It seeks to explain how and why America came to depend so heavily on its experts after World War II, how those experts translated that authority into political clout, and why that authority and political discretion declined in the 1970s. The author's research into the internal memoranda of the Atomic Energy Commission substantiates his argument in historical detail. It was not the ravages of American anti-intellectualism, as so many scholars have argued, that brought the experts back down to earth. Rather, their decline can be traced to the very roots of their success after World War II. The need to over-state anticipated results in order to garner public support, incessant professional and bureaucratic specialization, and the sheer proliferation of expertise pushed arcane and insulated debates between experts into public forums at the same time that a broad cross section of political participants found it easier to gain access to their own expertise. These tendencies ultimately undermined the political influence of all experts. (author)

  2. Solution to the sign problem in a frustrated quantum impurity model

    CERN Document Server

    Hann, Connor T; Chandrasekharan, Shailesh

    2016-01-01

    In this work we solve the sign problem of a frustrated quantum impurity model consisting of three quantum spin-half chains interacting through an anti-ferromagnetic Heisenberg interaction at one end. We first map the model into a repulsive Hubbard model of spin-half fermions hopping on three independent one dimensional chains that interact through a triangular hopping at one end. We then convert the fermion model into an inhomogeneous one dimensional model and express the partition function as a weighted sum over fermion worldline configurations. By imposing a pairing of fermion worldlines in half the space we show that all negative weight configurations can be eliminated. This pairing naturally leads to the original frustrated quantum spin model at half filling and thus solves its sign problem.

  3. Spin liquid nature in the Heisenberg J1-J2 triangular antiferromagnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Yasir; Hu, Wen-Jun; Thomale, Ronny; Poilblanc, Didier; Becca, Federico

    2016-04-01

    We investigate the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the triangular lattice in the presence of nearest-neighbor J1 and next-nearest-neighbor J2 antiferromagnetic couplings. Motivated by recent findings from density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) claiming the existence of a gapped spin liquid with signatures of spontaneously broken lattice point group symmetry [Zhu and White, Phys. Rev. B 92, 041105 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.041105 and Hu, Gong, Zhu, and Sheng, Phys. Rev. B 92, 140403 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.140403], we employ the variational Monte Carlo (VMC) approach to analyze the model from an alternative perspective that considers both magnetically ordered and paramagnetic trial states. We find a quantum paramagnet in the regime 0.08 ≲J2/J1≲0.16 , framed by 120∘ coplanar (stripe collinear) antiferromagnetic order for smaller (larger) J2/J1 . By considering the optimization of spin-liquid wave functions of a different gauge group and lattice point group content as derived from Abrikosov mean-field theory, we obtain the gapless U(1 ) Dirac spin liquid as the energetically most preferable state in comparison to all symmetric or nematic gapped Z2 spin liquids so far advocated by DMRG. Moreover, by the application of few Lanczos iterations, we find the energy to be the same as the DMRG result within error bars. To further resolve the intriguing disagreement between VMC and DMRG, we complement our methodological approach by the pseudofermion functional renormalization group (PFFRG) to compare the spin structure factors for the paramagnetic regime calculated by VMC, DMRG, and PFFRG. This model promises to be an ideal test bed for future numerical refinements in tracking the long-range correlations in frustrated magnets.

  4. Thermal stability in exchange-spring chains of spins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellicelli, Raffaele; Solzi, Massimo

    2016-02-01

    Thermal stability and switching behaviour have been compared in pure-hard and soft-hard Heisenberg linear spin chains of the same total length and equal magnetic parameters (except for magnetic anisotropy) with the anisotropy axis and external magnetic field parallel to the chain direction. The zero-temperature energy barriers and finite-temperature transition rates between remanent equilibrium states have been calculated by utilizing the string method and the forward flux sampling (FFS) method, respectively. Depending on the assumed interfaces, the FFS method could in fact fail to correctly sample the characteristic transition paths at interfaces at which these paths have probabilities much lower than those associated with other non-characteristic transition paths. This can especially occur in the case of the asymmetric energy landscapes and multiple asymmetric minimum energy paths (MEPs) of soft-hard systems. Therefore, a proper interface definition is needed in order to deduce the correct transition rates. In particular, we show that the thermal switching of soft-hard chains starting in the soft or in the hard part turns out to occur with an equal rate provided that the interfaces of the FFS method are defined on the basis of the corresponding zero-temperature MEPs. The thermal stability of a soft-hard chain in the remanent equilibrium state could be to some extent lower with respect to that of a pure-hard chain, due to the shorter hard-part length crossed by the domain wall formed in the chain and also to the related slightly smaller energy barrier. However, its switching field at zero temperature is verified to be widely lower than that of the pure-hard chain. Analytical expressions of switching fields and energy barriers have been deduced in various cases.

  5. Three-dimensional Heisenberg critical behavior in the highly disordered dilute ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Mn)As

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, M.; Marshall, R. A.; Edmonds, K. W.; Rushforth, A. W.; Campion, R. P.; Gallagher, B. L.

    2016-05-01

    We present detailed studies of critical behavior in the strongly site-disordered dilute ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Mn)As. (Ga,Mn)As has a low saturation magnetization and relatively strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. This combination of properties inhibits domain formation, thus removing a principal experimental difficulty in determining the critical coefficients β and γ . We find that there are still a large number of problems to overcome in terms of measurement procedures and methods of analysis. In particular, the combined effects of disorder and inhomogeneity limit the accessible critical region. However, we find that accurate and reproducible values of the critical exponents β and γ can be obtained from Kouvel-Fisher plots of remanent magnetization and magnetic susceptibility for our (Ga,Mn)As samples. The values of β and γ obtained are consistent with those of the three-dimensional Heisenberg class, despite the very strong disorder present in this system, and they are inconsistent with mean field behavior. Log-log plots of M (H ) data for our samples are consistent with the three-dimensional Heisenberg value of the critical exponent δ , but accurate values of δ could not be obtained for our samples from these plots. We also find that accurate values of the critical exponent α could not be obtained by fitting to the measured temperature derivative of resistivity for our samples. We find that modified Arrott plots and scaling plots are not a practical way to determine the universality class or critical exponents, though they are found to be in better agreement with three-dimensional Heisenberg values than mean field values. Below the critical temperature range, we find that the magnetization shows power-law behavior down to a reduced temperature of t ˜0.5 , with a critical exponent β ˜0.4 , a value appreciably lower than the mean field value of β =0.5 . At lower temperatures, Bloch 3/2 law behavior is observed due to magnons.

  6. The Heisenberg-Weyl algebra on the circle and a related quantum mechanical model for hindered rotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouri, Donald J; Markovich, Thomas; Maxwell, Nicholas; Bodmann, Bernhard G

    2009-07-01

    We discuss a periodic variant of the Heisenberg-Weyl algebra, associated with the group of translations and modulations on the circle. Our study of uncertainty minimizers leads to a periodic version of canonical coherent states. Unlike the canonical, Cartesian case, there are states for which the uncertainty product associated with the generators of the algebra vanishes. Next, we explore the supersymmetric (SUSY) quantum mechanical setting for the uncertainty-minimizing states and interpret them as leading to a family of "hindered rotors". Finally, we present a standard quantum mechanical treatment of one of these hindered rotor systems, including numerically generated eigenstates and energies.

  7. Transition from Superparamagnetism to Ferromagnetic Single-Domain in a Heisenberg Model for Nano-cluster Magnetic System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAO Yuan-Zhi; HE Zhen-Hui

    2000-01-01

    By considering a magnetic system of an ensemble of nanometer clusters without any external magnetic field, the Monte Carlo simulation of the Heisenberg model is used to investigate the transition from a superparamagnetism to a ferromagnetic single-domain state, which is caused by the growth of the clusters. We studied the variation of the dynamic growth exponent P and the transition critical size of the cluster Nc against the reduced temperature t and the uniaxial anisotropy constant A. We found that the growth exponent maximized at a certain temperature,other than being taken as a universal constant as some researchers suggested previously.

  8. Magnetic correlations beyond the Heisenberg model in an Fe monolayer on Rh(0 0 1)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Motivated by a recent experimental observation of a complex magnetic structure (Takada et al 2013 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 329 95) we present a theoretical study of the magnetic structure of an Fe monolayer deposited on Rh(0 0 1). We use a classical spin Hamiltonian with parameters obtained from ab initio calculations and go beyond the usual anisotropic Heisenberg model by including isotropic biquadratic interactions. Zero-temperature Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert spin dynamics simulations lead to a complex collinear spin configuration that, however, contradicts experimental findings. We thus conclude that higher order multi-spin interactions are likely needed to account for the magnetic ordering of the system. (paper)

  9. LETTER TO THE EDITOR: Magnetic ordering in Gd2Sn2O7: the archetypal Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wills, A. S.; Zhitomirsky, M. E.; Canals, B.; Sanchez, J. P.; Bonville, P.; Dalmas de Réotier, P.; Yaouanc, A.

    2006-01-01

    Low-temperature powder neutron diffraction measurements are performed in the ordered magnetic state of the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Sn2O7. Symmetry analysis of the diffraction data indicates that this compound has the ground state predicted theoretically for a Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet with dipolar interactions. The difference in the magnetic structure of Gd2Sn2O7 andof nominally analogous Gd2Ti2O7 is found to be determined by a specific type of third-neighbour superexchange interaction on the pyrochlore lattice between spins across empty hexagons.

  10. Exact Realization of a Quantum-Dimer Model in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on a Diamond-Like Decorated Lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirose, Yuhei; Oguchi, Akihide; Fukumoto, Yoshiyuki

    2016-09-01

    We study Heisenberg antiferromagnets on a diamond-like decorated square lattice perturbed by further neighbor couplings. The second-order effective Hamiltonian is calculated and the resultant Hamiltonian is found to be a square-lattice quantum-dimer model with a finite hopping amplitude and no repulsion, which suggests the stabilization of the plaquette phase. Our recipe for constructing quantum-dimer models can be adopted for other lattices and provides a route for the experimental realization of quantum-dimer models.

  11. Variational Monte Carlo study of a chiral spin liquid in the extended Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Wen-Jun; Zhu, Wei; Zhang, Yi; Gong, Shoushu; Becca, Federico; Sheng, D. N.

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the extended Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice by using Gutzwiller projected fermionic states and the variational Monte Carlo technique. In particular, when both second- and third-neighbor superexchanges are considered, we find that a gapped spin liquid described by nontrivial magnetic fluxes and long-range chiral-chiral correlations is energetically favored compared to the gapless U(1) Dirac state. Furthermore, the topological Chern number, obtained by integrating the Berry curvature, and the degeneracy of the ground state, by constructing linearly independent states, lead us to identify this flux state as the chiral spin liquid with a C =1 /2 fractionalized Chern number.

  12. Magnetic properties of manganese based one-dimensional spin chains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asha, K S; Ranjith, K M; Yogi, Arvind; Nath, R; Mandal, Sukhendu

    2015-12-14

    We have correlated the structure-property relationship of three manganese-based inorganic-organic hybrid structures. Compound 1, [Mn2(OH-BDC)2(DMF)3] (where BDC = 1,4-benzene dicarboxylic acid and DMF = N,N'-dimethylformamide), contains Mn2O11 dimers as secondary building units (SBUs), which are connected by carboxylate anions forming Mn-O-C-O-Mn chains. Compound 2, [Mn2(BDC)2(DMF)2], contains Mn4O20 clusters as SBUs, which also form Mn-O-C-O-Mn chains. In compound 3, [Mn3(BDC)3(DEF)2] (where DEF = N,N'-diethylformamide), the distorted MnO6 octahedra are linked to form a one-dimensional chain with Mn-O-Mn connectivity. The magnetic properties were investigated by means of magnetization and heat capacity measurements. The temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility of all the three compounds could be nicely fitted using a one-dimensional S = 5/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain model and the value of intra-chain exchange coupling (J/k(B)) between Mn(2+) ions was estimated to be ∼1.1 K, ∼0.7 K, and ∼0.46 K for compounds 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Compound 1 does not undergo any magnetic long-range-order down to 2 K while compounds 2 and 3 undergo long-range magnetic order at T(N) ≈ 4.2 K and ≈4.3 K, respectively, which are of spin-glass type. From the values of J/k(B) and T(N) the inter-chain coupling (J(⊥)/k(B)) was calculated to be about 0.1J/k(B) for both compounds 2 and 3, respectively. PMID:26455515

  13. Magnetic properties of manganese based one-dimensional spin chains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asha, K S; Ranjith, K M; Yogi, Arvind; Nath, R; Mandal, Sukhendu

    2015-12-14

    We have correlated the structure-property relationship of three manganese-based inorganic-organic hybrid structures. Compound 1, [Mn2(OH-BDC)2(DMF)3] (where BDC = 1,4-benzene dicarboxylic acid and DMF = N,N'-dimethylformamide), contains Mn2O11 dimers as secondary building units (SBUs), which are connected by carboxylate anions forming Mn-O-C-O-Mn chains. Compound 2, [Mn2(BDC)2(DMF)2], contains Mn4O20 clusters as SBUs, which also form Mn-O-C-O-Mn chains. In compound 3, [Mn3(BDC)3(DEF)2] (where DEF = N,N'-diethylformamide), the distorted MnO6 octahedra are linked to form a one-dimensional chain with Mn-O-Mn connectivity. The magnetic properties were investigated by means of magnetization and heat capacity measurements. The temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility of all the three compounds could be nicely fitted using a one-dimensional S = 5/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain model and the value of intra-chain exchange coupling (J/k(B)) between Mn(2+) ions was estimated to be ∼1.1 K, ∼0.7 K, and ∼0.46 K for compounds 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Compound 1 does not undergo any magnetic long-range-order down to 2 K while compounds 2 and 3 undergo long-range magnetic order at T(N) ≈ 4.2 K and ≈4.3 K, respectively, which are of spin-glass type. From the values of J/k(B) and T(N) the inter-chain coupling (J(⊥)/k(B)) was calculated to be about 0.1J/k(B) for both compounds 2 and 3, respectively.

  14. Classification of magnons in rotated ferromagnetic Heisenberg model and their competing responses in transverse fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Fadi; Ye, Jinwu; Liu, Wu-Ming

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, we study the rotated ferromagnetic Heisenberg model (RFHM) in two different transverse fields, hx and hz, which can be intuitively visualized as studying spin-orbit coupling (SOC) effects in two-dimensional (2D) Ising or anisotropic X Y model in a transverse field. At a special SOC class, it was found in our previous work [Phys. Rev. A 92, 043609 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevA.92.043609] that the RFHM at a zero field owns an exact spin-orbit coupled ground state called the Y -x state. It supports not only the commensurate magnons (called C -C0 and C -Cπ ), but also the incommensurate magnons (called C-IC). These magnons are nonrelativistic, not embedded in the exact ground state, so need to be thermally excited or generated by various external probes. Their dramatic response under a longitudinal hy field was recently worked out by Sun et al. [arXiv:1502.05338]. Here we find they respond very differently under the two transverse fields. Any hx (hz) introduces quantum fluctuations to the ground state and changes the collinear Y -x state to a canted coplanar Y X -x (Y Z -x ) state. The C -C0,C -Cπ , and C-IC magnons become relativistic and sneak into the quantum ground state. We determine the competing boundaries among the C -C0,C -Cπ , and C-IC magnons, especially the detailed dispersions of the C-IC magnons inside the canted phases, which can be mapped out by the transverse spin structure factors. As hx (hz) increases further, the C -C0 magnons always win the competition and emerge as the seeds to drive a transition from the Y X -x (or Y Z -x ) to the ferromagnetic along the X (orZ ) direction called the X -FM (or Z -FM) phase. We show that the transition is in the 3D Ising universality class and it becomes the 3D X Y transition at the two Abelian points. We evaluate these magnons' contributions to magnetization and specific heat at low temperatures which can be measured by various established experimental techniques. The nature of the finite

  15. Silicone chain extender

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    The present invention relates to a silicone chain extender, more particularly a chain extender for silicone polymers and copolymers, to a chain extended silicone polymer or copolymer and to a functionalized chain extended silicone polymer or copolymer, to a method for the preparation thereof and...

  16. Health supply chain management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Rolf; Gallagher, Pat

    2010-01-01

    This chapter gives an educational overview of: * The actual application of supply chain practice and disciplines required for service delivery improvement within the current health environment. * A rationale for the application of Supply Chain Management (SCM) approaches to the Health sector. * The tools and methods available for supply chain analysis and benchmarking. * Key supply chain success factors. PMID:20407173

  17. Correlation functions of the spin chains. Algebraic Bethe Ansatz approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spin chains are the basic elements of integrable quantum models. These models have direct applications in condense matter theory, in statistical physics, in quantum optics, in field theory and even in string theory but they are also important because they enable us to solve, in an exact manner, non-perturbative phenomena that otherwise would stay unresolved. The method described in this work is based on the algebraic Bethe Ansatz. It is shown how this method can be used for the computation of null temperature correlation functions of the Heisenberg 1/2 spin chain. The important point of this approach is the solution of the inverse quantum problem given by the XXZ spin chain. This solution as well as a simple formulae for the scalar product of the Bethe states, have enabled us to get the most basic correlation functions under the form of multiple integrals. The formalism of multiple integrals open the way for asymptotic analysis for a few physical quantities like the probability of vacuum formation. It is worth noticing that this formalism can give exact results for two-point functions that are the most important correlation functions for applications. A relationship has been discovered between these multiple integrals and the sum of the form factors. The results have been extended to dynamical correlation functions. (A.C.)

  18. Quasilocal conservation laws from semicyclic irreducible representations of Uq(sl2 in XXZ spin-1/2 chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenart Zadnik

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We construct quasilocal conserved charges in the gapless (|Δ|≤1 regime of the Heisenberg XXZ spin-1/2 chain, using semicyclic irreducible representations of Uq(sl2. These representations are characterized by a periodic action of ladder operators, which act as generators of the aforementioned algebra. Unlike previously constructed conserved charges, the new ones do not preserve magnetization, i.e. they do not possess the U(1 symmetry of the Hamiltonian. The possibility of application in relaxation dynamics resulting from U(1-breaking quantum quenches is discussed.

  19. Low energy spin dynamics of a quantum ferrimagnetic chain, NiCu(pba)(H 2O) 32H 2O

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujiwara, N.; Hagiwara, M.

    2000-01-01

    Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) for 1H nuclei was performed in a Heisenberg chain with alternating spins S=1 and 1/2, NiCu(pba)(H 2O) 32H 2O (pba=1,3-propylenebis (oxamato)) from 4.2 to 280 K. The relaxation rate (1/ T1) is proportional to 1/ H ( H is applied field), whereas the temperature dependence is weak and is almost constant at high temperatures. The temperature and field dependences are investigated on the basis of the spin-wave theory.

  20. The Heisenberg Microscope: A Powerful Instructional Tool for Promoting Meta-Cognitive and Meta-Scientific Thinking on Quantum Mechanics and the "Nature of Science"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzidaki, Pandora

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we present a multi-dimensional study concerning Heisenberg's "gamma ray microscope", a thought experiment, which is intimately connected with the historical development of quantum mechanics (QM), and also with the most disputed interpretations of quantum theory. In this study: (a) we investigate how philosophers of science read and…

  1. Bimodule structure in the periodic gℓ(1|1) spin chain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is the second in a series devoted to the study of periodic super-spin chains. In our first paper (Gainutdinov et al., 2013 [3]), we have studied the symmetry algebra of the periodic gℓ(1|1) spin chain. In technical terms, this spin chain is built out of the alternating product of the gℓ(1|1) fundamental representation and its dual. The local energy densities — the nearest neighbour Heisenberg-like couplings — provide a representation of the Jones–Temperley–Lieb (JTL) algebra JTLN. The symmetry algebra is then the centralizer of JTLN, and turns out to be smaller than for the open chain, since it is now only a subalgebra of Uqsℓ(2) at q=i — dubbed Uqoddsℓ(2) in Gainutdinov et al. (2013) [3]. A crucial step in our associative algebraic approach to bulk logarithmic conformal field theory (LCFT) is then the analysis of the spin chain as a bimodule over Uqoddsℓ(2) and JTLN. While our ultimate goal is to use this bimodule to deduce properties of the LCFT in the continuum limit, its derivation is sufficiently involved to be the sole subject of this paper. We describe representation theory of the centralizer and then use it to find a decomposition of the periodic gℓ(1|1) spin chain over JTLN for any even N and ultimately a corresponding bimodule structure. Applications of our results to the analysis of the bulk LCFT will then be discussed in the third part of this series

  2. Goldstone-mode induced susceptibility-singularity extending to Tc of the Heisenberg ferromagnet EuS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koetzler, J. (Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Angewandte Physik); Goerlitz, D. (Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Angewandte Physik); Dombrowski, R. (Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Angewandte Physik); Pieper, M. (Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Angewandte Physik)

    1994-04-01

    At internal magnetic fields much smaller than the spontaneous magnetization M[sub s](T) but large compared to the weak anisotropy field, H[sub A]< or [approx]20 Oe, the internal susceptibility measured parallel to M by NMR and low frequency ac-susceptibility is observed to diverge as H[sup -1/2] for temperatures up to 0.998 Tc. Numerous theoretical work predicted such H[sup -1/2]-singularity to arise from massless Goldstone-modes associated with the perpendicular susceptibility of a Heisenberg system. The temperature variation of the amplitude, [chi][sub z].H[sup -1/2], agrees with the results of the spin-wave and more general hydrodynamic theories, while the magnitude reveals the suppression of one Goldstone polarization by the dipole-dipole interaction. In contrast to a previous renormalization-group estimate, a crossover to thermal critical behavior near Tc is not observed. (orig.)

  3. Effect of biquadratic exchange on the axial Heisenberg model: Application to the magnetic phase transitions in UNi2Si2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The influence of biquadratic exchange on the Heisenberg model with strong axial anisotropy is examined for the case of spins on a body-centered tetragonal lattice with competing bilinear exchange interactions along the c axis. Contrary to the usual axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model with third-neighbor exchange also included, a low-temperature spin-wave calculation reveals that biquadratic exchange can stabilize the sequence of phases period 3→period 2. Mean-field analysis, with support from Monte Carlo simulations, suggests a higher-temperature transition to an incommensurate state. This sequence of phase transitions has recently been observed in UNi2Si2. The importance of fluctuations is emphasized

  4. Geometric interpretation of Heisenberg's commutation rule and the algebraic structure of the Pauli equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ulmer, W.; Hartmann, H. (Frankfurt Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie)

    1978-09-01

    It is shown that Heisenberg's commutation rule between the position co-ordinate and the corresponding canonically conjugate momentum may be interpreted by noncommuting geometrical structures. As in the absence of a magnetic field the Euclidean norm of the momentum space directly enters the kinetic energy, the momentum space can be mapped onto the quaternion field U/sub 2/. Such a mapping preserves the norm of the momentum space. By that, the geometric and algebraic structure of the Pauli equation can be obtained and the relationship between the Pauli and the Dirac equation can be made apparent by noncommuting algebraic structures. In an appendix it will also be shown that the extension of the procedure to vector spaces equipped with Riemannian geometry makes no difficulties and a covariant quantization procedure can be formulated.

  5. Coupled structural and magnetic properties of ferric fluoride nanostructures: Part II, a Monte Carlo-Heisenberg study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fongang, Bernard [Departement PEC, Institut des Molecules et Materiaux du Mans, UMR CNRS 6283, LUNAM Universite du Maine, 72085 Le Mans, Cedex 9 (France); Laboratoire de Sciences des Materiaux, Departement de Physique, Universite de Yaounde i, BP 812 Yaounde (Cameroon); Labaye, Yvan [Departement PEC, Institut des Molecules et Materiaux du Mans, UMR CNRS 6283, LUNAM Universite du Maine, 72085 Le Mans, Cedex 9 (France); Calvayrac, Florent, E-mail: Florent.Calvayrac@univ-lemans.fr [Departement PEC, Institut des Molecules et Materiaux du Mans, UMR CNRS 6283, LUNAM Universite du Maine, 72085 Le Mans, Cedex 9 (France); Zekeng, Serge [Laboratoire de Sciences des Materiaux, Departement de Physique, Universite de Yaounde i, BP 812 Yaounde (Cameroon); Greneche, Jean-Marc [Departement PEC, Institut des Molecules et Materiaux du Mans, UMR CNRS 6283, LUNAM Universite du Maine, 72085 Le Mans, Cedex 9 (France)

    2012-11-15

    We present a numerical study of the magnetic structure of nanostructured iron fluoride, using the Monte Carlo Metropolis simulated annealing technique and a classical Heisenberg Hamiltonian with superexchange angle dependent interactions. The parameters are adjusted on experimental results, and the atomic structure and topology taken from a previous atomistic model of grain boundaries in the same system. We find perfect antiferromagnetic crystalline grains and a disordered magnetic configuration (speromagnetic) at the grain boundary, in agreement with experimental features. Both the lowest magnetic energy and the rate of magnetic frustration are found to be dependent on the relative disorientation of crystalline grains, i.e. on the cationic topology. We conclude on possible extensions of the model.

  6. Spin flop relaxation in the quasi-1d Heisenberg antiferromagnet CsMnBr 3 · 2H 2O

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chirwa, M.; Top, J.; Flokstra, J.

    1983-12-01

    The relaxation phenomena associated with the antiferromagnetic to spin-flop phase transition in the quasi one dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet CsMnBr 3 · 2H 2O have been determined in the temperature range 1.6-4.2 K using an automatic frequency-sweeping SQUID susceptometer. Below Tλ = 2.17 K the relaxation rate τ -1 displays an exponential temperature dependence given by τ-1 = ω0 exp(- E/ kT) where ω0 = 2.48 × 10 4 s -1 and E/ k = 3.62 K, the activation energy of the relaxation process. Above Tλ broadened absorption curves and flattened Argand diagrams are observed. The ratio K1/ K2 (=0.22 ± 0.02) of the orthorhombic anisotropy constants and a weak power-law temperature dependence of the critical spin-flop field Hcr were determined.

  7. Effects of a space modulation on the behavior of a 1D alternating Heisenberg spin-1/2 model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahdavifar, Saeed; Abouie, Jahanfar

    2011-06-22

    The effects of a magnetic field (h) and a space modulation (δ) on the magnetic properties of a one-dimensional antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic Heisenberg spin-1/2 model have been studied by means of numerical exact diagonalization of finite size systems, the nonlinear σ model, and a bosonization approach. The space modulation is considered on the antiferromagnetic couplings. At δ = 0, the model is mapped to a gapless Lüttinger liquid phase by increasing the magnetic field. However, the space modulation induces a new gap in the spectrum of the system and the system experiences different quantum phases which are separated by four critical fields. By opening the new gap, a magnetization plateau appears at ½M(sat). The effects of the space modulation are reflected in the emergence of a plateau in other physical functions such as the F-dimer and the bond-dimer order parameters, and the pair-wise entanglement. PMID:21613724

  8. Synthesis and characterization of the new two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet double perovskite BaLaCuSbO6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco, M Cecilia; Paz, Sergio Alexis; Nassif, Vivian M; Guimpel, Julio J; Carbonio, Raúl E

    2015-06-21

    The BaLaCuSbO(6) double perovskite has been successfully synthesized by solid state reaction under an air atmosphere. Its structure was refined using powder neutron diffraction in the monoclinic space group I2/m with a 4% antisite disorder on the B cations. Magnetic measurements give signs of 2D-antiferromagnetic behaviour with TN around 64 K. The Jahn-Teller distortion produced by Cu(2+) ions favours a crystallographic tetragonal distortion and consequently the in-plane super-superexchange antiferromagnetic interactions, J(90°), are favoured over the in-plane J(180°) antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. Both, J and J' magnetic interactions have been evaluated according to a Heisenberg antiferromagnetic rectangular model using an approximation to Curie's law in powers of J/T, being |J| around 10 times stronger than |J'|. PMID:25858013

  9. Properties of the two-dimensional spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on a honeycomb lattice with interlayer coupling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. Löw

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The magnetic properties of the two-dimensional S=1/2 (quantum antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on a honeycomb lattice with and without interlayer coupling are studied by means of a continuous Euclidean time Quantum Monte-Carlo algorithm. The internal energy, the magnetic susceptibility and the staggered magnetization are determined in the full temperature range. For the two-dimensional system the ground-state energy/bond is found to be E0hc=-0.36303(13, and the zero temperature staggered magnetization mst=0.2681(8. For coupled planes of honeycomb systems a phase transition from an ordered phase to a disordered phase is found at T/J=0.695(10.

  10. Effects of Dzyaloshinski-Moriya interaction and intrinsic decoherence on teleportation via a two-qubit Heisenberg XYZ model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Xiao-Mian; Liu Jin-Ming

    2009-01-01

    Quantum teleportation via the entangled channel composed of a two-qubit Heisenberg XYZ model with Dzyaloshinski-Moriya (DM) interaction in the presence of intrinsic decoherenee has been investigated. We find that the initial state of the channel plays an important role in the teleported state and the average fidelity of teleportation. When the initial channel is in the state [ψ1(0)>=a|00> + b|11>, the average fidelity is equal to 1/3 constantly, which is independent of the DM interaction and the intrinsic decoherence effect. But when the channel is initially in the state [ψ2(0)> = c|01) + d|10>, the average fidelity is always larger than 2/3. Moreover, under a certain condition, the average fidelity can be enhanced by adjusting the DM interaction, and the intrinsic decoherence leads to a suppression of the fluctuation of the average fidelity.

  11. Quantum entanglement and quantum phase transition under dissipation in the anisoropic Heisenberg xxz model with the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Afzali

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available   Because the key issue in quantum information and quantum computing is entanglement, the investigation of the effects of environment, as a source of quantum dissipation, and interaction between environment and system on entanglement and quantum phase transition is important. In this paper, we consider two-qubit system in the anisotropic Heisenberg XXZ model with the Dzyaloshinskii-moriya interaction, and accompanied quantum dissipation. Using Lindblad dynamics, the coupling effect and also temperature effect on concurrence, as a measure of entanglement of system, is obtained. The role of DM interaction parameters in the evolution of entanglement is investigated. Furthermore, using derivative of concurrence, the effects of dissipation and DM interaction parameter on quantum phase transition are obtained. It should be noted that spin-orbit interaction or DM parameter intensively influence the process of impressments of dissipation on entanglement measure and quantum phase transition. The current research is very important in the topics of nanometric systems.

  12. Investigating ionisation cluster size distribution due to sub-1 keV electrons in view of Heisenberg's Uncertainty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, B.; Palmans, H.; Hao, L.; Nisbet, A.

    2015-09-01

    As the wavelengths of low energy electrons become comparable with the length scale of the mean ionisation step size, each event particle should be treated with care as the condition outlined in Heisenberg's uncertainty principle (HUP) should also be satisfied. Within this quantum-classical regime, spatial delocalisations of individual ionisation event sites that are generated outside the target region are calculated, and particular attention is given to the validity of using classical transport methods in simulations of nanodosimetric parameters such as mean cluster size, first and second moments, variance and cumulative frequency of ionisation cluster-size probability distributions. This paper presents the comparison between conventionally calculated nanodosimetric quantities and the ones where interacting particles are treated semi-classically with spatial uncertainties satisfied by HUP. The simulated primary charged particles are electrons of energies between 100 eV and 1 keV in DNA equivalent target aqueous water volumes using GEANT4-DNA.

  13. Chain-Chain Based Routing Protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samia A Ali

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Wireless sensor network (WSN is an emerging technology for monitoring physical world. WSNs consist of large numbers of sensor nodes operated by battery mostly in harsh environment. Thus energy conservation is a primary issue for organization of these sensor nodes. Another crucial issue is the data delivery time by sensor nodes to the sink node, especially in Military, medical fields, and security monitoring systems where minimum delay is desirable. Number of protocols has been proposed in the literature for routing. One of such protocols is the cluster based routing protocol LEACH (low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy. LEACH protocol organizes WSN into a set of clusters and a periodic voting for cluster head is performed in order to be evenly distributed among all the sensors of the WSN. This periodical cluster head voting in LEACH, however, consumes an amount of non-negligible energy and other resources. For energy conservation, PEGASIS (power efficient gathering in sensor information systems a near optimal chain-based protocol has been proposed, however, it is faced with the challenge of long delay for the transmitted data. Another routing protocol called CCM (Chain-Cluster based Mixed routing, which is mainly a hybrid of LEACH and PEGASIS is proposed, the consumed energy increases as network size increases. In this paper, we propose an efficient routing protocol called CCBRP (Chain-Chain based routing protocol, it achieves both minimum energy consumption and minimum delay. The CCBRP protocol mainly divides a WSN into a number of chains (Greedy algorithm is used to form each chain as in PEGSIS protocol and runs in two phases. In the first phase, sensor nodes in each chain transmit data to their chain leader nodes in parallel. In the second phase, all chain leader nodes form a chain (also, using Greedy algorithm and choose randomly a leader node then all chain leader nodes send their data to this chosen leader node. This chosen leader node

  14. Atomic spin chains as testing ground for quantum magnetism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otte, Sander

    2015-03-01

    The field of quantum magnetism aims to capture the rich emergent physics that arises when multiple spins interact, in terms of elementary models such as the spin 1/2 Heisenberg chain. Experimental platforms to verify these models are rare and generally do not provide the possibility to detect spin correlations locally. In my lab we use low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy to design and build artificial spin lattices with atomic precision. Inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy enables us to identify the ground state and probe spin excitations as a function of system size, location inside the lattice and coupling parameter values. Two types of collective excitations that play a role in many dynamic magnetic processes are spin waves (magnons) and spinons. Our experiments enable us to study both types of excitations. First, we have been able to map the standing spin wave modes of a ferromagnetic bit of six atoms, and to determine their role in the collective reversal process of the bit (Spinelli et al., Nature Materials 2014). More recently, we have crafted antiferromagnetic spin 1/2 XXZ chains, which allow us to observe spinon excitations, as well as the stepwise transition to a fully aligned phase beyond the critical magnetic field (Toskovic et al., in preparation). These findings create a promising experimental environment for putting quantum magnetic models to the test. Research funded by NWO and FOM.

  15. Discrete Quantum Markov Chains

    CERN Document Server

    Faigle, Ulrich

    2010-01-01

    A framework for finite-dimensional quantum Markov chains on Hilbert spaces is introduced. Quantum Markov chains generalize both classical Markov chains with possibly hidden states and existing models of quantum walks on finite graphs. Quantum Markov chains are based on Markov operations that may be applied to quantum systems and include quantum measurements, for example. It is proved that quantum Markov chains are asymptotically stationary and hence possess ergodic and entropic properties. With a quantum Markov chain one may associate a quantum Markov process, which is a stochastic process in the classical sense. Generalized Markov chains allow a representation with respect to a generalized Markov source model with definite (but possibly hidden) states relative to which observables give rise to classical stochastic processes. It is demonstrated that this model allows for observables to violate Bell's inequality.

  16. Quench action approach for releasing the Néel state into the spin-1/2 XXZ chain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The steady state after a quantum quench from the Néel state to the anisotropic Heisenberg model for spin chains is investigated. Two methods that aim to describe the postquench non-thermal equilibrium, the generalized Gibbs ensemble and the quench action approach, are discussed and contrasted. Using the recent implementation of the quench action approach for this Néel-to-XXZ quench, we obtain an exact description of the steady state in terms of Bethe root densities, for which we give explicit analytical expressions. Furthermore, by developing a systematic small-quench expansion around the antiferromagnetic Ising limit, we analytically investigate the differences between the predictions of the two methods in terms of densities and postquench equilibrium expectation values of local physical observables. Finally, we discuss the details of the quench action solution for the quench to the isotropic Heisenberg spin chain. For this case we validate the underlying assumptions of the quench action approach by studying the large-system-size behavior of the overlaps between Bethe states and the Néel state. (paper)

  17. Supply Chain Management og Supply Chain costing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Mortensen, Ole

    2002-01-01

    Formålet med denne artikel er at belyse de muligheder som ligger i at integrere virksomhedens økonomiske styring med begrebet Supply Chain Management (SCM). Dette søges belyst ved først at beskrive den teoretiske ramme, hvori SCM indgår. Herefter analyseres begrebet Supply Chain Costing (SCC) som...... Århus. Et resultat er, at via begrebet Supply Chain Costing skabes der mulighed for at måle logistikkædens aktiviteter i kr./øre. Anvendelsen af denne information har også strategisk betydning for at kunne vælge kunde og leverandør. Ved hjælp af integrationen skabes der også helt nye mulighed...

  18. Understanding the Chain Fountain

    CERN Document Server

    Biggins, John Simeon

    2013-01-01

    If a chain is initially at rest in a beaker at a height h1 above the ground, and the end of the chain is pulled over the rim of the beaker and down towards the ground and then released, the chain will spontaneously "flow" out of the beaker under gravity. Furthermore, if h1 is sufficient, the beads do not simply drag over the edge of the beaker but form a fountain reaching a height h2 above it. We show that the formation of a fountain requires that the beads come into motion not only by being pulled upwards by the part of the chain immediately above the pile, but also by being pushed upwards by an anomalous reaction force from the pile of stationary chain. We propose possible origins for this force, argue that its magnitude will be proportional to the square of the chain velocity, and predict and verify experimentally that h2 is proportional to h1.

  19. Food supply chains

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Qian

    2011-01-01

    The dissertation analyses food waste in global supply chain. From the related managerial literature, the process of supply chain operation, from agriculture, manufacturing, warehouses, retailers to customers are explained clearly. Then the reasons and characteristics of food wastes in any point of food supply chain are analyzed. From some case studies and questionnaire investigation, some corresponding methods to reduce food waste are put forward in the following. Lastly, in terms of method s...

  20. Economy, market and chain

    OpenAIRE

    Sukkel, W.; Hommes, M.

    2009-01-01

    In their pursuit of growth and professionalisation, the Dutch organic sector focuses primarily on market development. But how do you stimulate the market for organic foods? This is the subject of many research projects concerning market, consumer preferences and the supply chain. These projects focus specifically at consumer purchasing behaviour, product development, supply chain formation and minimising cost price. As a rule, this research takes place in close cooperation with chain actors

  1. Supply Chain Collaboration

    OpenAIRE

    Meca, Ana; Timmer, Judith

    2008-01-01

    In this chaper, we have reviewed and surveyed the literature on supply chain collaboration. As mentioned above, the game theory models that include cooperative behaviour among retailers seem to be a natural framework to model cooperation (collaboration) in supply chains that consist of a supplier and a finite number of retailers. Various researchers in this area have already adopted several cooperative models dealing with supply chain coordination, and it is expected to see many more in the n...

  2. Sustainable Supply Chain Management

    OpenAIRE

    Geentjens, Marlies

    2013-01-01

    This project investigates the phenomena Sustainable Supply Chain Management. The point of departure is Supply Chain Management, which we analyse in order to lock into an understanding of the development that occur when implementing sustainability. In the quest for higher understanding of the interlocking mechanisms of supply chain management, we combine a theoretical approach to the developmnent of sustainability with some relevant case-examples (mainly depicting IKEA). This focal point g...

  3. Supply chain components

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vieraşu, T.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I will go through three main logistics components, which are represented by: transportation, inventory and facilities, and the three secondary logistical components: information, production location, price and how they determine performance of any supply chain. I will discuss then how these components are used in the design, planning and operation of a supply chain. I will also talk about some obstacles a supply chain manager may encounter.

  4. Supply chain components

    OpenAIRE

    Vieraşu, T.; Bălăşescu, M.

    2011-01-01

    In this article I will go through three main logistics components, which are represented by: transportation, inventory and facilities, and the three secondary logistical components: information, production location, price and how they determine performance of any supply chain. I will discuss then how these components are used in the design, planning and operation of a supply chain. I will also talk about some obstacles a supply chain manager may encounter.

  5. About the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and the determination of effective optical indices in integrated photonics at high sub-wavelength regime

    CERN Document Server

    Bêche, Bruno

    2016-01-01

    Within the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle it is explicitly discussed the impact of these inequalities on the theory of integrated photonics at sub-wavelength regime. More especially, the uncertainty of the effective index values in nanophotonics at sub-wavelength regime, which is defined as the eigenvalue of the overall opto-geometric problems in integrated photonics, appears directly stemming from Heisenberg's uncertainty. An apt formula is obtained allowing us to assume that the incertitude and the notion of eigenvalue called effective optical index or propagation constant is inversely proportional to the spatial dimensions of a given nanostructure yielding a transfer of the fuzziness on relevant senses of eigenvalues below a specific limit's volume.

  6. The intrinsic geometry of the osculating structures that underlie the Heisenberg calculus (or Why the tangent space in sub-Riemannian geometry is a group)

    CERN Document Server

    van Erp, Erik

    2010-01-01

    We explore the geometry that underlies the osculating structures of the Heisenberg calculus. For a smooth manifold M with a distribution H in TM analysts have developed explicit (and rather complicated) coordinate formulas to define the nilpotent groups that are central to the calculus. Our aim is, specifically, to gain insight in the intrinsic structures that underlie these coordinate formulas. There are two key ideas. First, we construct a certain generalization of the notion of tangent vectors, called "parabolic arrows", involving a mix of first and second order derivatives. Parabolic arrows are the natural elements for the nilpotent groups of the osculating structure. Secondly, we formulate the natural notion of exponential map for the fiber bundle of parabolic arrows, and show that it explains the coordinate formulas of osculating structures. The result is a conceptual simplification and unification of the treatment of the Heisenberg calculus found in the analytic literature. As a bonus we obtain insight...

  7. Quantum Spin Models for Copper Oxide Chains in High-T{sub c} Superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haugerud, H.

    1996-12-31

    This doctoral thesis presents some of the most important features of high temperature superconductors, emphasizing the properties of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} (YBCO). The family of Hubbard-like models is considered and a simplified version of the Emery model derived. This model is applied to fermions on a cyclic chain and solved analytically in the strong correlation limit. For realistic model parameter values the effects of an external magnetic field is investigated by numerical diagonalization. Applying the Emery model to finite cyclic Cu-O chains it is shown that the behaviour of the chains is typical for a 1D Fermi-liquid. The relatively small difference between the values of the local charge and the local magnetic moment indicates that the degree of correlation in this system is very high. The ground state of the Emery model is shown to be antiferromagnetic for half and quarter filling, resembling the ground state of the Heisenberg model. The role of the ensemble of Cu-O chain fragments of the oxygen deficient planes of YBCO is addressed. By applying the Emery model to short Cu-O chains and calculating the free energy of the chains, the parameters of an Ising like lattice gas model are estimated. Several thermodynamical quantities are calculated by applying Monte Carlo technique to the model. The charge transfer from the chains to the planes is shown to correspond to the measured values of T{sub c}. The phase diagram and the average chain length agree well with experiments. The model is also capable of explaining the behaviour of the REBCO series of superconductors, where RE are various rare earth ions. A framework for simultaneously visualizing and computing numerical quantities from lattice simulations is presented and illustrated. 195 refs., 69 figs., 4 tabs.

  8. Value Chain Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum; Slepniov, Dmitrij

    2015-01-01

    This workbook is recommended for the attention of students of and managers in Danish small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Danish SMEs are currently facing a number of key challenges related to their position in global value chains. This book provides an insight into value chain management t...

  9. Level crossing, spin structure factor and quantum phases of the frustrated spin-1/2 chain with first and second neighbor exchange

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The spin-1/2 chain with isotropic Heisenberg exchange J1, J2  >  0 between first and second neighbors is frustrated for either sign of J1. Its quantum phase diagram has critical points at fixed J1/J2 between gapless phases with nondegenerate ground state (GS) and quasi-long-range order (QLRO) and gapped phases with doubly degenerate GS and spin correlation functions of finite range. In finite chains, exact diagonalization (ED) estimates critical points as level crossing of excited states. GS spin correlations enter in the spin structure factor S(q) that diverges at wave vector qm in QLRO(qm) phases with periodicity 2π/qm but remains finite in gapped phases. S(qm) is evaluated using ED and density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations. Level crossing and the magnitude of S(qm) are independent and complementary probes of quantum phases, based respectively on excited and ground states. Both indicate a gapless QLRO(π/2) phase between  −1.2  <  J1/|J2|  <  0.45. Numerical results and field theory agree well for quantum critical points at small frustration J2 but disagree in the sector of weak exchange J1 between Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chains on sublattices of odd and even-numbered sites. (paper)

  10. Magnetic ordering in the ultrapure site-diluted spin chain materials SrCu1 -xNixO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simutis, G.; Thede, M.; Saint-Martin, R.; Mohan, A.; Baines, C.; Guguchia, Z.; Khasanov, R.; Hess, C.; Revcolevschi, A.; Büchner, B.; Zheludev, A.

    2016-06-01

    The muon spin rotation technique is used to study magnetic ordering in ultrapure samples of SrCu1 -xNixO2 , an archetypical S =1 /2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain system with a small number of S =1 defects. The ordered state in the parent compound is shown to be highly homogeneous, contrary to a previous report [M. Matsuda et al., Phys. Rev. B 55, R11953 (1997), 10.1103/PhysRevB.55.R11953]. Even a minute number of Ni impurities results in inhomogeneous order and a decrease of the transition temperature. At as little as 0.5 % Ni concentration, magnetic ordering is entirely suppressed. The results are compared to previous theoretical studies of weakly coupled spin chains with site defects.

  11. Integrated supply chain risk management

    OpenAIRE

    Riaan Bredell; Jackie Walters

    2007-01-01

    Integrated supply chain risk management (ISCRM) has become indispensable to the theory and practice of supply chain management. The economic and political realities of the modern world require not only a different approach to supply chain management, but also bold steps to secure supply chain performance and sustainable wealth creation. Integrated supply chain risk management provides supply chain organisations with a level of insight into their supply chains yet to be achieved. If correctly ...

  12. Supply Chain Connectivity: Enhancing Participation in the Global Supply Chain

    OpenAIRE

    Patalinghug, Epictetus E.

    2015-01-01

    Supply chain connectivity is vital for the efficient flow of trade among APEC economies. This paper reviews the literature and supply chain management, describes the barriers to enhancing participation in global supply chain, analyzes the various measures of supply chain performance, and suggests steps for the Philippines to fully reap the benefits of the global value chain.

  13. Magnetic instability in AdS/CFT : Schwinger effect and Euler-Heisenberg Lagrangian of Supersymmetric QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Hashimoto, Koji; Sonoda, Akihiko

    2014-01-01

    To reveal the Schwinger effect for quarks, i.e., pair creation process of quarks and antiquarks, we derive the vacuum decay rate at strong coupling using AdS/CFT correspondence. Magnetic fields, in addition to the electric field responsible for the pair creation, causes prominent effects on the rate, and is important also in experiments such as RHIC/LHC heavy ion collisions. In this paper, through the gravity dual we obtain the full Euler-Heisenberg Lagrangian of N=2 supersymmetric QCD and study the Schwinger mechanism with not only a constant electric field but also a constant magnetic field as external fields. We determine the quark mass and temperature dependence of the Lagrangian. In sharp contrast with the zero magnetic field case, we find that the imaginary part, and thus the vacuum decay rate, diverges in the massless zero-temperature limit. This may be related to a strong instability of the QCD vacuum in strong magnetic fields. The real part of the Lagrangian serves as a generating function for non-li...

  14. DMRG Study of the S >= 1 quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on a Kagome-like lattice without loops

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamberty, R. Zach; Changlani, Hitesh J.; Henley, Christopher L.

    2013-03-01

    The Kagome quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet, for spin up to S = 1 and perhaps S = 3 / 2 , is a prime candidate to realize a quantum spin liquid or valence bond crystal state, but theoretical or computational studies for S > 1 / 2 are difficult and few. We consider instead the same interactions and S >= 1 on the Husimi Cactus, a graph of corner sharing triangles whose centers are vertices of a Bethe lattice, using a DMRG procedure tailored for tree graphs. Since both lattices are locally identical, properties of the Kagome antiferromagnet dominated by nearest-neighbor spin correlations should also be exhibited on the Cactus, whereas loop-dependent effects will be absent on the loopless Cactus. Our study focuses on the possible transition(s) that must occur with increasing S for the Cactus antiferromagnet. (It has a disordered valence bond state at S = 1 / 2 but a 3-sublattice coplanar ordered state in the large S limit). We also investigate the phase diagram of the S = 1 quantum XXZ model with on-site anisotropy, which we expect to have three-sublattice and valence-bond-crystal phases similar to the kagome case. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation through a Graduate Research Fellowship to R. Zach Lamberty, as well as grant DMR-

  15. Static and dynamic behaviour of a quasi 1-d Heisenberg antiferromagnet in the long-range ordered state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of this thesis is to clarify the dynamic properties of a one-dimensional S=1/2 isotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet (HAFM). The physical realization chosen for this model system is CuSO4.5H2O. The experimental information about the dynamical properties of the electron spin system is obtained from longitudinal proton spin relaxation measurements. In ch.2 the experimental set up is described including the 3He-4He dilution refrigerator for obtaining the required low temperatures, and the rotatable superconducting split-coil magnet. In ch.3 the problems are treated which occur when nuclear relaxation experiments are performed in the long-range order state of CuSO4.5H2O and an experimental method is described to measure the proton spin-lattice relaxation time T1 supplying a minimum of energy to the nuclear spin system. In ch.4 continuous-wave NMR experiments on CuSO4.5H2O are described. In ch. 5 experimental results on the relaxation rate T1-1 above and in the vicinity of the phase transition are described and in ch.6 experimental results in the LRO state are presented and discussed. (Auth.)

  16. First-order transition on the frustrated spin-1/2 Heisenberg ferromagnet on an anisotropic square lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapa, Rodrigo S.; Mendonça, Griffith [Departamento de Fi' sica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, CP 702, 30161-970 Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Departamento de Fi' sica, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000 Manaus, AM (Brazil); Roberto Viana, J. [Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Departamento de Fi' sica, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000 Manaus, AM (Brazil); Ricardo de Sousa, J., E-mail: jsousa@ufam.edu.br [Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Departamento de Fi' sica, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000 Manaus, AM (Brazil); National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Departamento de Fisica, 3000, Japiim, 69077-000 Manaus, AM (Brazil)

    2014-11-15

    We have studied the quantum spin-1/2 frustrated Heisenberg model with two ferromagnetic interactions: nearest-neighbor (NN) with different coupling strengths J{sub 1} and J{sub 1}{sup ′} along x and y directions, respectively, competing with a next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) with coupling J{sub 2}. Using the effective-field theory we obtain the ground-state phase diagram in the (λ,α) space, where λ=J{sub 1}{sup ′}/J{sub 1} and α=J{sub 2}/J{sub 1}. Depending on the values of λ and α we observe three different states: ferromagnetic (F), collinear ferromagnetic (CF) and quantum paramagnetic (QP). We observe a QP state between the ordered F and CF phases in the region λ{sub 1}<λ<1 (λ{sub 1}≃0.62). - Highlights: • We study the ferromagnetic J{sub 1}−J{sub 1}{sup ′}−J{sub 2} model on an anisotropic square lattice by using effective-field theory. • We obtain the ground phase diagram in the λ−α plane (λ=J{sub 1}{sup ′}/J{sub 1} and α=J{sub 2}/J{sub 1}). • A comparison with the results of the antiferromagnetic J{sub 1}−J{sub 1}{sup ′}−J{sub 2} model. • We propose a functional for the free energy.

  17. Theory of the orthogonal dimer Heisenberg spin model for SrCu sub 2 (BO sub 3) sub 2

    CERN Document Server

    Miyahara, S

    2003-01-01

    The magnetic properties of SrCu sub 2 (BO sub 3) sub 2 are reviewed from a theoretical point of view. SrCu sub 2 (BO sub 3) sub 2 is a new two-dimensional spin gap system and its magnetic properties are well described by a spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model of the orthogonal dimer lattice. The model has a dimer singlet ground state whose exactness was proven by Shastry and Sutherland for a topologically equivalent model more than 20 years ago. The exactness of the ground state is maintained even if interlayer couplings are introduced for SrCu sub 2 (BO sub 3) sub 2. In the two-dimensional model, quantum phase transitions take place between different ground states for which three phases are expected: a gapped dimer singlet state, a plaquette resonating valence bond state and a gapless magnetic ordered state. Analysis of the experimental data shows that the dimer singlet ground state is realized in SrCu sub 2 (BO sub 3) sub 2. The orthogonality of the dimer bonds, which is the underlying symmetry of th...

  18. The Heisenberg algebra as near horizon symmetry of the black flower solutions of Chern-Simons-like theories of gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Setare, M R

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we study the near horizon symmetry algebra of the non-extremal black hole solutions of the Chern-Simons-like theories of gravity, which are stationary but are not necessarily spherically symmetric. We define the extended off-shell ADT current which is an extension of the generalized ADT current. We use the extended off-shell ADT current to define quasi-local conserved charges such that they are conserved for Killing vectors and asymptotically Killing vectors which depend on dynamical fields of the considered theory. We apply this formalism to the Generalized Minimal Massive Gravity( GMMG) and obtain conserved charges of a spacetime which describes near horizon geometry of non-extremal black holes. Eventually, we find the algebra of conserved charges in Fourier modes. It is interesting that, similar to the Einstein gravity in the presence of negative cosmological constant, for the GMMG model also we obtain the Heisenberg algebra as the near horizon symmetry algebra of the black flower solutions. ...

  19. Entanglement in the anisotropic Heisenberg XYZ model with different Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and inhomogeneous magnetic field

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Da-Chuang

    2009-01-01

    We investigate the entanglement in a two-qubit Heisenberg XYZ system with different Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya(DM) interaction and inhomogeneous magnetic field. It is found that the control parameters ($D_{x}$, $B_{x}$ and $b_{x}$) are remarkably different with the common control parameters ($D_{z}$,$B_{z}$ and $b_{z}$) in the entanglement and the critical temperature, and these x-component parameters can increase the entanglement and the critical temperature more efficiently. Furthermore, we show the properties of these x-component parameters for the control of entanglement. In the ground state, increasing $D_{x}$ (spin-orbit coupling parameter) can decrease the critical value $b_{xc}$ and increase the entanglement in the revival region, and adjusting some parameters (increasing $b_{x}$ and $J$, decreasing $B_{x}$ and $\\Delta$) can decrease the critical value $D_{xc}$ to enlarge the revival region. In the thermal state, increasing $D_{x}$ can increase the revival region and the entanglement in the revival region ...

  20. Using the J1-J2 Quantum Spin Chain as an Adiabatic Quantum Data Bus

    CERN Document Server

    Chancellor, Nicholas

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates numerically a phenomenon which can be used to transport a single q-bit down a J1-J2 Heisenberg spin chain using a quantum adiabatic process. The motivation for investigating such processes comes from the idea that this method of transport could potentially be used as a means of sending data to various parts of a quantum computer made of artificial spins, and that this method could take advantage of the easily prepared ground state at the so called Majumdar-Ghosh point. We examine several annealing protocols for this process and find similar result for all of them. The annealing process works well up to a critical frustration threshold.

  1. Separation of variables for the quantum SL(2,R) spin chain

    CERN Document Server

    Derkachov, S E; Manashov, A N

    2003-01-01

    We construct representation of the Separated Variables (SoV) for the quantum SL(2,R) Heisenberg closed spin chain and obtain the integral representation for the eigenfunctions of the model. We calculate explicitly the Sklyanin measure defining the scalar product in the SoV representation and demonstrate that the language of Feynman diagrams is extremely useful in establishing various properties of the model. The kernel of the unitary transformation to the SoV representation is described by the same "pyramid diagram" as appeared before in the SoV representation for the SL(2,C) spin magnet. We argue that this kernel is given by the product of the Baxter Q-operators projected onto a special reference state.

  2. Doubly degenerate entanglement spectrum and entanglement plateau in the S=1 bond-alternating chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Xiao-Yan; Dou, Jun-Ya; Liu, Guang-Hua

    2015-12-01

    Quantum entanglement, entanglement spectrum, magnetization, and ground-state energy of the S=1 bond-alternating antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain under magnetic field are investigated by the infinite time-evolving block decimation (iTEBD) method. Bipartite entanglement and entanglement spectrum are found to be capable of describing all the quantum phase transitions (QPTs). A rich ground-state phase diagram, which comprises of five different phases, i.e., a singlet-dimer phase, a Haldane phase, a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (TLL) phase, a 1/2 plateau phase, and a saturated ferromagnetic phase, is determined. It is interesting that, with the appearance of magnetization plateaus, entanglement plateaus are observed simultaneously. In the Haldane phase, doubly degenerate entanglement spectra on both even and odd bonds are observed. However, in the 1/2 plateau phase, only the entanglement spectra on the even bonds are found to be doubly degenerated.

  3. Understanding the supply chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aćimović Slobodan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Supply chain management represents new business philosophy and includes strategically positioned and much wider scope of activity in comparison with its "older brother" - management of logistics. Philosophy of the concept of supply chain is directed to more coordination of key business functions of every link in distribution chain in the process of organization of the flow of both goods and information, while logistic managing instruments are focused on internal optimum of flows of goods and information within one company. Applying the concept of integrated supply chain among several companies makes the importance of operative logistics activity even greater on the level of one company, thus advancing processes of optimum and coordination within and between different companies and confirms the importance of logistics performances for the company’s profitability. Besides the fact that the borders between companies are being deleted, this concept of supply chain in one distribution channel influences increasing of importance of functional, i.e. traditional business managing approaches but instead it points out the importance of process managing approaches. Although the author is aware that "there is nothing harder, more dangerous and with uncertain success, but to find a way for introducing some novelties (Machiavelli, it would be even his additional stimulation for trying to bring closer the concept and goals of supply chain implementation that are identified in key, relevant, modern, theoretical and consulting approaches in order to achieve better understanding of the subject and faster implementation of the concept of supply chain management by domestic companies.

  4. Project Decision Chain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolstadås, Asbjørn; Pinto, Jeffrey K.; Falster, Peter;

    2015-01-01

    To add value to project performance and help obtain project success, a new framework for decision making in projects is defined. It introduces the project decision chain inspired by the supply chain thinking in the manufacturing sector and uses three types of decisions: authorization, selection......, and plan decision. A primitive decision element is defined where all the three decision types can be accommodated. Each task in the primitive element can in itself contain subtasks that in turn will comprise new primitive elements. The primitive elements are nested together in a project decision chain....

  5. Correlation functions of the spin chains. Algebraic Bethe Ansatz approach; Fonctions de correlation des chaines de spin. Approche de l'ansatz de Bethe algebrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitanine, N

    2007-09-15

    Spin chains are the basic elements of integrable quantum models. These models have direct applications in condense matter theory, in statistical physics, in quantum optics, in field theory and even in string theory but they are also important because they enable us to solve, in an exact manner, non-perturbative phenomena that otherwise would stay unresolved. The method described in this work is based on the algebraic Bethe Ansatz. It is shown how this method can be used for the computation of null temperature correlation functions of the Heisenberg 1/2 spin chain. The important point of this approach is the solution of the inverse quantum problem given by the XXZ spin chain. This solution as well as a simple formulae for the scalar product of the Bethe states, have enabled us to get the most basic correlation functions under the form of multiple integrals. The formalism of multiple integrals open the way for asymptotic analysis for a few physical quantities like the probability of vacuum formation. It is worth noticing that this formalism can give exact results for two-point functions that are the most important correlation functions for applications. A relationship has been discovered between these multiple integrals and the sum of the form factors. The results have been extended to dynamical correlation functions. (A.C.)

  6. Thermal transport in disordered one-dimensional spin chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poboiko, Igor; Feigel'man, Mikhail

    2015-12-01

    We study a one-dimensional anisotropic XXZ Heisenberg spin-1/2 chain with weak random fields hizSiz by means of Jordan-Wigner transformation to spinless Luttinger liquid with disorder and bosonization technique. First, we reinvestigate the phase diagram of the system in terms of dimensionless disorder γ =/J2≪1 and anisotropy parameter Δ =Jz/Jx y , we find the range of these parameters where disorder is irrelevant in the infrared limit and spin-spin correlations are described by power laws, and compare it with previously obtained numerical and analytical results. Then we use the diagram technique in terms of plasmon excitations to study the low-temperature (T ≪J ) behavior of heat conductivity κ and spin conductivity σ in this power-law phase. The obtained Lorentz number L ≡κ /σ T differs from the value derived earlier by means of the memory function method. We argue also that in the studied region inelastic scattering is strong enough to suppress quantum interference in the low-temperature limit.

  7. The quench action approach in finite integrable spin chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alba, Vincenzo; Calabrese, Pasquale

    2016-04-01

    We consider the problem of constructing the stationary state following a quantum quench, using the exact overlaps for finite size integrable models. We focus on the isotropic Heisenberg spin chain with initial state Néel or Majumdar–Ghosh (dimer), although the proposed approach is valid for an arbitrary integrable model. We consider only eigenstates which do not contain zero-momentum strings because the latter are affected by fictitious singularities that are very difficult to take into account. We show that the fraction of eigenstates that do not contain zero-momentum strings is vanishing in the thermodynamic limit. Consequently, restricting to this part of the Hilbert space leads to vanishing expectation values of local observables. However, it is possible to reconstruct the asymptotic values by properly reweighting the expectations in the considered subspace, at the price of introducing finite-size corrections. We also develop a Monte Carlo sampling of the Hilbert space which allows us to study larger systems. We accurately reconstruct the expectation values of the conserved charges and the root distributions in the stationary state, which turn out to match the exact thermodynamic results. The proposed method can be implemented even in cases in which an analytic thermodynamic solution is not obtainable.

  8. Editorial: Supply Chain Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aidonis, D.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This special issue has followed up the 2nd Olympus International Conference on Supply Chains held on October 5-6, 2012, in Katerini, Greece. The Conference was organized by the Department of Logistics of Alexander Technological Educational Institution (ATEI of Thessaloniki, in collaboration with the Laboratory of Quantitative Analysis, Logistics and Supply Chain Management of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH. During the 2-Days Conference more than 50 research papers were presented covering the following thematic areas: (i Business Logistics, (ii Transportation, Telematics and Distribution Networks, (iii Green Logistics, (iv Information and Communication Technologies in Supply Chain Management, and (v Services and Quality. Three keynote invited speakers addressed interesting issues for the Humanitarian Logistics, Green Supply Chains of the Agrifood Sector and the Opportunities and Prospects of Greek Ports chaired Round Tables with other Greek and Foreign Scientists and Specialists.

  9. Supply chain risk management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Hollstein

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Supply chain risk management increasingly gains prominence in many international industries. In order to strengthen supply chain structures, processes, and networks, adequate potentials for risk management need to be built (focus on effective logistics and to be utilized (focus on efficient logistics. Natural-based disasters, such as the case of Fukushima, illustrate how crucial risk management is. Method: By aligning a theoretical-conceptual framework with empirical-inductive findings, it may be hypothesized that logistical systems do have a positive effect on supply chain risk management activities.  Result/conclusion:  Flexibility and capacity, as well as redundancy and standardization, are often viewed as being conflictionary. It shows, however, that in the light of supply chain risk management, those factors may yield a common benefit if proper logistics systems are applied.  

  10. Supply chain reliability modelling

    OpenAIRE

    Eugen Zaitsev

    2012-01-01

    Background: Today it is virtually impossible to operate alone on the international level in the logistics business. This promotes the establishment and development of new integrated business entities - logistic operators. However, such cooperation within a supply chain creates also many problems related to the supply chain reliability as well as the optimization of the supplies planning. The aim of this paper was to develop and formulate the mathematical model and algorithms to find the ...

  11. Supply Chain Collaboration

    OpenAIRE

    Guy Rodrigue Ghomsi 1982

    2015-01-01

    Companies are now progressively looking beyond themselves to come up with ways to improve revenue and profit margins. This has resulted in a heightened focus on the efficiency of the supply chains. Inefficient supply chains are being perceived as cavities that can deprive the firm from its cash flows when inventory is not required and sales revenue when product is not available at the point of sales. This has stimulated development of business models that intend to leverage and enhance the su...

  12. Variance bounding Markov chains

    OpenAIRE

    Roberts, Gareth O.; Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

    2008-01-01

    We introduce a new property of Markov chains, called variance bounding. We prove that, for reversible chains at least, variance bounding is weaker than, but closely related to, geometric ergodicity. Furthermore, variance bounding is equivalent to the existence of usual central limit theorems for all L2 functionals. Also, variance bounding (unlike geometric ergodicity) is preserved under the Peskun order. We close with some applications to Metropolis–Hastings algorithms.

  13. Supply chain risk management

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Hollstein; Frank Himpel

    2013-01-01

    Background: Supply chain risk management increasingly gains prominence in many international industries. In order to strengthen supply chain structures, processes, and networks, adequate potentials for risk management need to be built (focus on effective logistics) and to be utilized (focus on efficient logistics). Natural-based disasters, such as the case of Fukushima, illustrate how crucial risk management is. Method: By aligning a theoretical-conceptual framework with empirical-induct...

  14. Editorial: Supply Chain Management

    OpenAIRE

    Aidonis, D.; Folinas, D.; Triantafillou, D.

    2012-01-01

    This special issue has followed up the 2nd Olympus International Conference on Supply Chains held on October 5-6, 2012, in Katerini, Greece. The Conference was organized by the Department of Logistics of Alexander Technological Educational Institution (ATEI) of Thessaloniki, in collaboration with the Laboratory of Quantitative Analysis, Logistics and Supply Chain Management of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH). During the 2-Days Conference m...

  15. Innovation Across the Supply Chain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Druehl, Cheryl; Carrillo, Janice; Hsuan, Juliana

    Innovation is an integral part of every firm’s ongoing operations. Beyond product innovation, supply chain innovations offer a unique source of competitive advantage. We synthesize recent research on innovation in the supply chain, specifically, innovative supply chain processes...

  16. MASTERING SUPPLY CHAIN RISKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borut Jereb

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Risks in supply chains represent one of the major business issues today. Since every organizationstrives for success and uninterrupted operations, efficient supply chain risk management is crucial.During supply chain risk research at the Faculty of Logistics in Maribor (Slovenia some keyissues in the field were identified, the major being the lack of instruments which can make riskmanagement in an organization easier and more efficient. Consequently, a model which captures anddescribes risks in an organization and its supply chain was developed. It is in accordance with thegeneral risk management and supply chain security standards, the ISO 31000 and ISO 28000families. It also incorporates recent finding from the risk management field, especially from theviewpoint of segmenting of the public.The model described in this paper focuses on the risks itself by defining them by different keydimensions, so that risk management is simplified and can be undertaken in every supply chain andorganizations within them. Based on our mode and consequent practical research in actualorganizations, a freely accessible risk catalog has been assembled and published online from the risksthat have been identified so far. This catalog can serve as a checklist and a starting point in supplychain risk management in organizations. It also incorporates experts from the field into a community,in order to assemble an ever growing list of possible risks and to provide insight into the model andits value in practice.

  17. Issues on Supply Chain Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Although supply chain is regarded as an integrated pr ocess, actually, researchers and practitioners have primarily investigated the v arious processes of the supply chain individually. The competitive field in most markets requires well-designed integrated supply chain instead of individual o perations. In this paper, some traditional thinking of supply chain is given fir st, then SCM (Supply Chain Management) is introduced, which views the entire sup ply chain as a whole rather than individual process a...

  18. Ground state selection and spin-liquid behaviour in the classical heisenberg model on the breathing pyrochlore lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnetic pyrochlore oxides, including the spin ice materials, have proved to be a rich field for the study of geometrical frustration in three dimensions. Recently, a new family of magnetic oxides has been synthesised in which half of the tetrahedra in the pyrochlore lattice are inflated relative to the other half, making an alternating array of small and large tetrahedra. These 'breathing pyrochlore' materials such as LiGaCr4O8, LiInCr4O8, and Ba3Yb2Zn5O11 provide new opportunities in the study of frustrated magnetism. Here we provide an analytic theory for the ground state phase diagram and spin correlations for the minimal model of magnetism in breathing pyrochlores: a classical nearest neighbour Heisenberg model with different exchange coefficients for the two species of tetrahedra. We find that the phase diagram comprises a Coulombic spin liquid phase, a conventional ferromagnetic phase and an unusual antiferromagnetic phase with lines of soft modes in reciprocal space, stabilised by an order-by-disorder mechanism. We obtain a theory of the spin correlations in this model using the self consistent Gaussian approximation (SCGA) which enables us to discuss the development of correlations in breathing pyrochlores as a function of temperature, and we quantitatively characterise the thermal crossover from the limit of isolated tetrahedra to the strongly correlated limit of the problem. We compare the results of our analysis with the results of recent neutron scattering experiments on LiInCr4O8. (author)

  19. Néel to spin-Peierls transition in a quasi-one-dimensional Heisenberg model coupled to bond phonons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillay, Jason Cornelius; Wierschem, Keola; Sengupta, Pinaki

    2013-08-01

    The zero and finite temperature spin-Peierls transitions in a quasi-one-dimensional spin-(1)/(2) Heisenberg model coupled to adiabatic bond phonons is investigated using the stochastic series expansion (SSE) quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) method. The quantum phase transition from a gapless Néel state to a spin-gapped Peierls state is studied in the parameter space spanned by spatial anisotropy, interchain coupling strength, and spin-lattice coupling strength. It is found that for any finite interchain coupling, the transition to a dimerized Peierls ground state only occurs when the spin-lattice coupling exceeds a finite, nonzero critical value. This is in contrast to the pure 1D model (zero interchain coupling), where adiabatic/classical phonons lead to a dimerized ground state for any nonzero spin-phonon interaction. The phase diagram in the parameter space shows that for a strong interchain coupling, the relation between the interchain coupling and the critical value of the spin-phonon interaction is linear whereas for weak interchain coupling, this behavior is found to have a natural logarithmlike relation. No region was found to have a long range magnetic order and dimerization occurring simultaneously. Instead, the Néel state order vanishes simultaneously with the setting in of the spin-Peierls state. For the thermal phase transition, a continuous heat capacity with a peak at the critical temperature Tc shows a second order phase transition. The variation of the equilibrium bond length distortion δeq with temperature showed a power law relation which decayed to zero as the temperature was increased to Tc, indicating a continuous transition from the dimerized phase to a paramagnetic phase with uniform bond length and zero antiferromagnetic susceptibility.

  20. A 2-chain can interlock with a k-chain

    OpenAIRE

    Glass, Julie; Langerman, Stefan; O'Rourke, Joseph; Snoeyink, Jack; Zhong, Jianyuan K.

    2004-01-01

    One of the open problems posed in [3] is: what is the minimal number k such that an open, flexible k-chain can interlock with a flexible 2-chain? In this paper, we establish the assumption behind this problem, that there is indeed some k that achieves interlocking. We prove that a flexible 2-chain can interlock with a flexible, open 16-chain.

  1. Phasic Triplet Markov Chains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Yazid Boudaren, Mohamed; Monfrini, Emmanuel; Pieczynski, Wojciech; Aïssani, Amar

    2014-11-01

    Hidden Markov chains have been shown to be inadequate for data modeling under some complex conditions. In this work, we address the problem of statistical modeling of phenomena involving two heterogeneous system states. Such phenomena may arise in biology or communications, among other fields. Namely, we consider that a sequence of meaningful words is to be searched within a whole observation that also contains arbitrary one-by-one symbols. Moreover, a word may be interrupted at some site to be carried on later. Applying plain hidden Markov chains to such data, while ignoring their specificity, yields unsatisfactory results. The Phasic triplet Markov chain, proposed in this paper, overcomes this difficulty by means of an auxiliary underlying process in accordance with the triplet Markov chains theory. Related Bayesian restoration techniques and parameters estimation procedures according to the new model are then described. Finally, to assess the performance of the proposed model against the conventional hidden Markov chain model, experiments are conducted on synthetic and real data. PMID:26353069

  2. A 2-chain can interlock with an open 10-chain

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Bin; O'Rourke, Joseph; Zhong, Jianyuan K.

    2013-01-01

    It is an open problem, posed in \\cite{SoCG}, to determine the minimal $k$ such that an open flexible $k$-chain can interlock with a flexible 2-chain. It was first established in \\cite{GLOSZ} that there is an open 16-chain in a trapezoid frame that achieves interlocking. This was subsequently improved in \\cite{GLOZ} to establish interlocking between a 2-chain and an open 11-chain. Here we improve that result once more, establishing interlocking between a 2-chain and a 10-chain. We present argu...

  3. Generalized hard-core dimer model approach to low-energy Heisenberg frustrated antiferromagnets: General properties and application to the kagome antiferromagnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwandt, David; Mambrini, Matthieu; Poilblanc, Didier

    2010-06-01

    We propose a general nonperturbative scheme that quantitatively maps the low-energy sector of spin-1/2 frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnets to effective generalized quantum dimer models. We develop the formal lattice-independent frame and establish some important results on (i) the locality of the generated Hamiltonians, (ii) how full resummations can be performed in this renormalization scheme. The method is then applied to the much debated kagome antiferromagnet for which a fully resummed effective Hamiltonian—shown to capture the essential properties and provide deep insights on the microscopic model [D. Poilblanc, M. Mambrini, and D. Schwandt, Phys. Rev. B 81, 180402(R) (2010)]—is derived.

  4. Más allá de Heisenberg : Relaciones de incerteza tipo Landau-Pollak y tipo entrópicas

    OpenAIRE

    Bosyk, Gustavo Martín

    2014-01-01

    En esta Tesis desarrollamos dos formulaciones diferentes (pero vinculadas entre sí) del principio de incerteza de la mecánica cuántica para pares de observables actuando sobre un espacio de Hilbert finito, yendo más allá del alcance de las tradicionales relaciones de incerteza de Heisenberg, de Robertson y de Schröndinger. Una de las formulaciones que desarrollamos es una extensión de la desigualdad de Landau y Pollak al caso de medidas de operadores con valores positivos y estados mixtos....

  5. A thermal entangled quantum refrigerator based on a two-qubit Heisenberg model with Dzyaloshinskii—Moriya interaction in an external magnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on an isotropic two spin-1/2 qubits Heisenberg model with the Dzyaloshinskii—Moriya interaction in an external magnetic field, we have constructed an entangled quantum refrigerator. Expressions for the basic thermodynamic quantities, i.e., the heat exchanged, the net work input, and the coefficient of performance, are derived. Some intriguing features and their qualitative explanations in zero and non zero magnetic fields are given. The influence of the thermal entanglement on the refrigerator is investigated. The results obtained here have general significance and will be helpful to understand the performance of an entangled quantum refrigerator. (general)

  6. Supply chain quality management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannan Amoozad Mahdiraji

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, there are several methods introduced for the improvement of operational performances. Total quality management and supply chain management are two methods recommended for this purpose. These two approaches have been studied in most researches separately, while they have objectives in common, and this makes them a strategic means, which can be used, simultaneously. Total quality management and supply chain management play significant roles to increase the organizational competitiveness power. Moreover, they have only one purpose that is customer satisfaction, and they are different only on their approaches to reach their objectives. In this research, we aim to study both approaches of quality management and supply chain, their positive increasing effects that may be generated after their integration. For this purpose, the concept and definitions of each approach is studied, independently, their similarities and differences are recognized, and finally, the advantages of their integration are introduced.

  7. Environmental Retail Supply Chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kotzab, Herbert; Munch, Hilde; de Faultrier, Birgitte;

    2011-01-01

    been undertaken through an investigative approach applying a web-scan framework which included the analysis of web sites and publicly published documents such as annual reports and corporate social responsibility reports. Findings – The authors identified 34 environmental sustainability initiatives......Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a scale that evaluates the environmental elements in retail supply chains and to examine the environmental supply chain management initiatives of the world's largest 100 retailing companies. Design/methodology/approach – The empirical evaluation has...... which were grouped into eight categories; they refer to “fundamental environmental attitude”, “use of energy”, “use of input material”, “product”, “packaging”, “transport”, “consumption” and “waste”. The level of environmental supply chain management can be characterised as very operational and very...

  8. Supply-Chain Optimization Template

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiett, William F.; Sealing, Scott L.

    2009-01-01

    The Supply-Chain Optimization Template (SCOT) is an instructional guide for identifying, evaluating, and optimizing (including re-engineering) aerospace- oriented supply chains. The SCOT was derived from the Supply Chain Council s Supply-Chain Operations Reference (SCC SCOR) Model, which is more generic and more oriented toward achieving a competitive advantage in business.

  9. Essentials of supply chain management

    CERN Document Server

    Hugos, Michael H

    2011-01-01

    The latest thinking, strategies, developments, and technologies to stay current in supply chain management Presenting the core concepts and techniques of supply chain management in a clear, concise and easily readable style, the Third Edition of Essentials of Supply Chain Management outlines the most crucial tenets and concepts of supply chain management.

  10. Building the resilient supply chain.

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher, Martin; Peck, Helen

    2004-01-01

    In today’s uncertain and turbulent markets, supply chain vulnerability has become an issue of significance for many companies. As supply chains become more complex as a result of global sourcing and the continued trend to ‘leaning-down’, supply chain risk increases. The challenge to business today is to manage and mitigate that risk through creating more resilient supply chains.

  11. Quasilocal conservation laws in XXZ spin-1/2 chains: Open, periodic and twisted boundary conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prosen, Tomaž

    2014-09-01

    A continuous family of quasilocal exact conservation laws is constructed in the anisotropic Heisenberg (XXZ) spin-1/2 chain for periodic (or twisted) boundary conditions and for a set of commensurate anisotropies densely covering the entire easy plane interaction regime. All local conserved operators follow from the standard (Hermitian) transfer operator in fundamental representation (with auxiliary spin s=1/2), and are all even with respect to a spin flip operation. However, the quasilocal family is generated by differentiation of a non-Hermitian highest weight transfer operator with respect to a complex auxiliary spin representation parameter s and includes also operators of odd parity. For a finite chain with open boundaries the time derivatives of quasilocal operators are not strictly vanishing but result in operators localized near the boundaries of the chain. We show that a simple modification of the non-Hermitian transfer operator results in exactly conserved, but still quasilocal operators for periodic or generally twisted boundary conditions. As an application, we demonstrate that implementing the new exactly conserved operator family for estimating the high-temperature spin Drude weight results, in the thermodynamic limit, in exactly the same lower bound as for almost conserved family and open boundaries. Under the assumption that the bound is saturating (suggested by agreement with previous thermodynamic Bethe ansatz calculations) we propose a simple explicit construction of infinite time averages of local operators such as the spin current.

  12. Quasilocal conservation laws in XXZ spin-1/2 chains: Open, periodic and twisted boundary conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prosen, Tomaž

    2014-09-15

    A continuous family of quasilocal exact conservation laws is constructed in the anisotropic Heisenberg (XXZ) spin-1/2 chain for periodic (or twisted) boundary conditions and for a set of commensurate anisotropies densely covering the entire easy plane interaction regime. All local conserved operators follow from the standard (Hermitian) transfer operator in fundamental representation (with auxiliary spin s=1/2), and are all even with respect to a spin flip operation. However, the quasilocal family is generated by differentiation of a non-Hermitian highest weight transfer operator with respect to a complex auxiliary spin representation parameter s and includes also operators of odd parity. For a finite chain with open boundaries the time derivatives of quasilocal operators are not strictly vanishing but result in operators localized near the boundaries of the chain. We show that a simple modification of the non-Hermitian transfer operator results in exactly conserved, but still quasilocal operators for periodic or generally twisted boundary conditions. As an application, we demonstrate that implementing the new exactly conserved operator family for estimating the high-temperature spin Drude weight results, in the thermodynamic limit, in exactly the same lower bound as for almost conserved family and open boundaries. Under the assumption that the bound is saturating (suggested by agreement with previous thermodynamic Bethe ansatz calculations) we propose a simple explicit construction of infinite time averages of local operators such as the spin current.

  13. Quasilocal conservation laws in XXZ spin-1/2 chains: Open, periodic and twisted boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomaž Prosen

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A continuous family of quasilocal exact conservation laws is constructed in the anisotropic Heisenberg (XXZ spin-1/2 chain for periodic (or twisted boundary conditions and for a set of commensurate anisotropies densely covering the entire easy plane interaction regime. All local conserved operators follow from the standard (Hermitian transfer operator in fundamental representation (with auxiliary spin s=1/2, and are all even with respect to a spin flip operation. However, the quasilocal family is generated by differentiation of a non-Hermitian highest weight transfer operator with respect to a complex auxiliary spin representation parameter s and includes also operators of odd parity. For a finite chain with open boundaries the time derivatives of quasilocal operators are not strictly vanishing but result in operators localized near the boundaries of the chain. We show that a simple modification of the non-Hermitian transfer operator results in exactly conserved, but still quasilocal operators for periodic or generally twisted boundary conditions. As an application, we demonstrate that implementing the new exactly conserved operator family for estimating the high-temperature spin Drude weight results, in the thermodynamic limit, in exactly the same lower bound as for almost conserved family and open boundaries. Under the assumption that the bound is saturating (suggested by agreement with previous thermodynamic Bethe ansatz calculations we propose a simple explicit construction of infinite time averages of local operators such as the spin current.

  14. Atomic spin-chain realization of a model for quantum criticality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toskovic, R.; van den Berg, R.; Spinelli, A.; Eliens, I. S.; van den Toorn, B.; Bryant, B.; Caux, J.-S.; Otte, A. F.

    2016-07-01

    The ability to manipulate single atoms has opened up the door to constructing interesting and useful quantum structures from the ground up. On the one hand, nanoscale arrangements of magnetic atoms are at the heart of future quantum computing and spintronic devices; on the other hand, they can be used as fundamental building blocks for the realization of textbook many-body quantum models, illustrating key concepts such as quantum phase transitions, topological order or frustration as a function of system size. Here, we use low-temperature scanning tunnelling microscopy to construct arrays of magnetic atoms on a surface, designed to behave like spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg chains in a transverse field, for which a quantum phase transition from an antiferromagnetic to a paramagnetic phase is predicted in the thermodynamic limit. Site-resolved measurements on these finite-size realizations reveal a number of sudden ground state changes when the field approaches the critical value, each corresponding to a new domain wall entering the chains. We observe that these state crossings become closer for longer chains, suggesting the onset of critical behaviour. Our results present opportunities for further studies on quantum behaviour of many-body systems, as a function of their size and structural complexity.

  15. METRODOS: Meteorological preprocessor chain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, P.; Mikkelsen, T.; Deme, S.

    2001-01-01

    The METRODOS meteorological preprocessor chain combines measured tower data and coarse grid numerical weather prediction (NWP) data with local scale flow models and similarity scaling to give high resolution approximations of the meteorological situation. Based on available wind velocity...... - heat flux related measurement, e.g. a temperature gradient, are used to give local values of friction velocity and Monin-Obukhov length plus an estimate of the mixing height. The METRODOS meteorological preprocessor chain is an integral part of the RODOS - Real Time On Line Decision Support - program...

  16. Integrated supply chain risk management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riaan Bredell

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Integrated supply chain risk management (ISCRM has become indispensable to the theory and practice of supply chain management. The economic and political realities of the modern world require not only a different approach to supply chain management, but also bold steps to secure supply chain performance and sustainable wealth creation. Integrated supply chain risk management provides supply chain organisations with a level of insight into their supply chains yet to be achieved. If correctly applied, this process may optimise management decision-making and assist in the protection and enhancement of shareholder value.

  17. Development Value Chains meet Business Supply Chains : The concept of Global Value Chains unraveled

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Drost (Sarah); J.C.A.C. van Wijk (Jeroen); S. Vellema (Sietze)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractValue chain promotion is considered a key element of private sector development strategies and pro-poor growth. However, (value) chain concepts are rather complex and unclear. This paper unravels the concept of global value chains and studies the diversity of key value chain-related (sup

  18. Economy, market and chain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sukkel, W.; Hommes, M.

    2009-01-01

    In their pursuit of growth and professionalisation, the Dutch organic sector focuses primarily on market development. But how do you stimulate the market for organic foods? This is the subject of many research projects concerning market, consumer preferences and the supply chain. These projects focu

  19. Plastic value chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baxter, John; Wahlstrom, Margareta; Zu Castell-Rüdenhausen, Malin;

    2014-01-01

    Optimizing plastic value chains is regarded as an important measure in order to increase recycling of plastics in an efficient way. This can also lead to improved awareness of the hazardous substances contained in plastic waste, and how to avoid that these substances are recycled. As an example...

  20. Innovation in Supply Chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maier, Maximilian; Korbel, Jakob; Brem, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    . Moreover, along with the fourth industrial revolution – industry 4.0 – new technologies such as cyber physical systems are fast gaining popularity. Hence, based on the analysis of relevant literature, we further develop the supply chain committee model, developed by Kaluza et al. (2003) to demonstrate how...

  1. Shared Value Chain Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bals, Lydia; Tate, Wendy L.

    In Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SSCM) research still the classic economic perspective is the dominating perspective, although the triple bottom line (including economic, social and ecological) is well accepted. The theoretical foundation for the paper is Stakeholder Theory. Case studies o...

  2. Sustainable Supply Chain Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bals, Lydia; Tate, Wendy

    A significant conceptual and practical challenge is how to integrate triple bottom line (TBL; including economic, social and environmental) sustainability into global supply chains. Although this integration is necessary to slow down global resource depletion, understanding is limited of how to i...

  3. CHAINE DES ROTISSEUR @ HILTON

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The annual gala dinner of Chaine des Rotisseurs was hosted by Hilton Beijing. The “Ballet Dinner” - a great creation for both art and fine dining lovers was taken place in varies places within the hotel, including hotel lobby, 3rd floor and lobby lounge.

  4. Exploration Supply Chain Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    The Exploration Supply Chain Simulation project was chartered by the NASA Exploration Systems Mission Directorate to develop a software tool, with proper data, to quantitatively analyze supply chains for future program planning. This tool is a discrete-event simulation that uses the basic supply chain concepts of planning, sourcing, making, delivering, and returning. This supply chain perspective is combined with other discrete or continuous simulation factors. Discrete resource events (such as launch or delivery reviews) are represented as organizational functional units. Continuous resources (such as civil service or contractor program functions) are defined as enabling functional units. Concepts of fixed and variable costs are included in the model to allow the discrete events to interact with cost calculations. The definition file is intrinsic to the model, but a blank start can be initiated at any time. The current definition file is an Orion Ares I crew launch vehicle. Parameters stretch from Kennedy Space Center across and into other program entities (Michaud Assembly Facility, Aliant Techsystems, Stennis Space Center, Johnson Space Center, etc.) though these will only gain detail as the file continues to evolve. The Orion Ares I file definition in the tool continues to evolve, and analysis from this tool is expected in 2008. This is the first application of such business-driven modeling to a NASA/government-- aerospace contractor endeavor.

  5. Supply chain reliability modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugen Zaitsev

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Today it is virtually impossible to operate alone on the international level in the logistics business. This promotes the establishment and development of new integrated business entities - logistic operators. However, such cooperation within a supply chain creates also many problems related to the supply chain reliability as well as the optimization of the supplies planning. The aim of this paper was to develop and formulate the mathematical model and algorithms to find the optimum plan of supplies by using economic criterion and the model for the probability evaluating of non-failure operation of supply chain. Methods: The mathematical model and algorithms to find the optimum plan of supplies were developed and formulated by using economic criterion and the model for the probability evaluating of non-failure operation of supply chain. Results and conclusions: The problem of ensuring failure-free performance of goods supply channel analyzed in the paper is characteristic of distributed network systems that make active use of business process outsourcing technologies. The complex planning problem occurring in such systems that requires taking into account the consumer's requirements for failure-free performance in terms of supply volumes and correctness can be reduced to a relatively simple linear programming problem through logical analysis of the structures. The sequence of the operations, which should be taken into account during the process of the supply planning with the supplier's functional reliability, was presented.

  6. Standard handbook of chains chains for power transmission and material handling

    CERN Document Server

    Chain Association, American

    2005-01-01

    A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHAINEarly DevelopmentsCog ChainCast Detachable ChainCast Pintle ChainPrecision Roller ChainEngineering Steel ChainSilent ChainFlat-Top ChainTerminologyA CHAIN OVERVIEW: USES AND ADVANTAGESGeneralTypes of ChainScope of Chains CoveredStyles and Forms of ChainsStraight and Offset Link ChainsChains With and Without RollersUses of ChainStandard Chains and Their UsesThe Advantages of Chains in ApplicationsAdvantages of Roller Chains in DrivesAdvantages of Silent Chain Drives

  7. Plaquette-triplon analysis of magnetic disorder and order in a trimerized spin-1 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Pratyay; Verma, Akhilesh Kumar; Kumar, Brijesh

    2016-01-01

    A spin-1 Heisenberg model on trimerized kagome lattice is studied by doing a low-energy bosonic theory in terms of plaquette triplons defined on its triangular unit cells. The model considered has an intratriangle antiferromagnetic exchange interaction J (set to 1) and two intertriangle couplings J'>0 (nearest neighbor) and J″ (next nearest neighbor; of both signs). The triplon analysis performed on this model investigates the stability of the trimerized singlet ground state (which is exact in the absence of intertriangle couplings) in the J'-J″ plane. It gives a quantum phase diagram that has two gapless antiferromagnetically ordered phases separated by the spin-gapped trimerized singlet phase. The trimerized singlet ground state is found to be stable on J″=0 line (the nearest-neighbor case), and on both sides of it for J″≠0 , in an extended region bounded by the critical lines of transition to the gapless antiferromagnetic phases. The gapless phase in the negative J″ region has a coplanar 120∘ antiferromagnetic order with √{3 }×√{3 } structure. In this phase, all the magnetic moments are of equal length, and the angle between any two of them on a triangle is exactly 120∘. The magnetic lattice in this case has a unit cell consisting of three triangles. The other gapless phase, in the positive J″ region, is found to exhibit a different coplanar antiferromagnetic order with ordering wave vector q =(0 ,0 ) . Here, two magnetic moments in a triangle are of the same magnitude, but shorter than the third. While the angle between two short moments is 120∘-2 δ , it is 120∘+δ between a short and the long one. Only when J″=J' , their magnitudes become equal and the relative angles 120∘. The magnetic lattice in this q =(0 ,0 ) phase has the translational symmetry of the kagome lattice with triangular unit cells of reduced (isosceles) symmetry. This reduction in the point-group symmetry is found to show up as a difference in the intensities of

  8. The design of supply chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøge Sørensen, Lars

    2004-01-01

    Keywords Supply Chain Management, Supply Chain Design, Literature studyAbstract Argues stability is a design objective for supply chain design alongside cost, leadtime and responsiveness. Performs an extensive literature study on supply chain design,identifies methods, theories and objectives...... in the existing literature. Describes the conceptexternal specificity and how it's used to design supply chains. Using the concept upstream,archetypes of risk minimal and maximal design are identified. Downstream the conceptdescribes two viable scenarios, one minimizing the impact, the other minimizing...... theprobability of (intended) departure of a supply chain partner. Finally, principles for supplychain design are described and managerial outlined....

  9. Decision-Making for Supply Chain Integration Supply Chain Integration

    CERN Document Server

    Lettice, Fiona; Durowoju, Olatunde

    2012-01-01

    Effective supply chain integration, and the tight co-ordination it creates, is an essential pre-requisite for successful supply chain management.  Decision-Making for Supply Chain Integration is a practical reference on recent research in the area of supply chain integration focusing on distributed decision-making problems. Recent applications of various decision-making tools for integrating supply chains are covered including chapters focusing on: •Supplier selection, pricing strategy and inventory decisions in multi-level supply chains, •RFID-enabled distributed decision-making, •Operational risk issues and time-critical decision-making for sensitive logistics nodes, Modelling end to end processes to improve supply chain integration, and •Integrated systems to improve service delivery and optimize resource use. Decision-Making for Supply Chain Integration provides an insight into the tools and methodologies of this field with support from real-life case studies demonstrating successful application ...

  10. Extended linear chain compounds

    CERN Document Server

    Linear chain substances span a large cross section of contemporary chemistry ranging from covalent polymers, to organic charge transfer com­ plexes to nonstoichiometric transition metal coordination complexes. Their commonality, which coalesced intense interest in the theoretical and exper­ imental solid state physics/chemistry communities, was based on the obser­ vation that these inorganic and organic polymeric substrates exhibit striking metal-like electrical and optical properties. Exploitation and extension of these systems has led to the systematic study of both the chemistry and physics of highly and poorly conducting linear chain substances. To gain a salient understanding of these complex materials rich in anomalous aniso­ tropic electrical, optical, magnetic, and mechanical properties, the conver­ gence of diverse skills and talents was required. The constructive blending of traditionally segregated disciplines such as synthetic and physical organic, inorganic, and polymer chemistry, crystallog...

  11. Heavy chain only antibodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moghimi, Seyed Moein; Rahbarizadeh, Fatemeh; Ahmadvand, Davoud;

    2013-01-01

    Unlike conventional antibodies, heavy chain only antibodies derived from camel contain a single variable domain (VHH) and two constant domains (CH2 and CH3). Cloned and isolated VHHs possess unique properties that enable them to excel conventional therapeutic antibodies and their smaller antigen-...... for combating HER2+ breast cancer. © 2013 by Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.......Unlike conventional antibodies, heavy chain only antibodies derived from camel contain a single variable domain (VHH) and two constant domains (CH2 and CH3). Cloned and isolated VHHs possess unique properties that enable them to excel conventional therapeutic antibodies and their smaller antigen......-binding fragments in cancer targeting and therapy. VHHs express low immunogenicity, are highly robust and easy to manufacture and have the ability to recognize hidden or uncommon epitopes. We highlight the utility of VHH in design of new molecular, multifunctional particulate and immune cell-based systems...

  12. Perioperative supply chain management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feistritzer, N R; Keck, B R

    2000-09-01

    Faced with declining revenues and increasing operating expenses, hospitals are evaluating numerous mechanisms designed to reduce costs while simultaneously maintaining quality care. Many facilities have targeted initial cost reduction efforts in the reduction of labor expenses. Once labor expenses have been "right sized," facilities have continued to focus on service delivery improvements by the optimization of the "supply chain" process. This report presents a case study of the efforts of Vanderbilt University Medical Center in the redesign of its supply chain management process in the department of Perioperative Services. Utilizing a multidisciplinary project management structure, 3 work teams were established to complete the redesign process. To date, the project has reduced costs by $2.3 million and enhanced quality patient care by enhancing the delivery of appropriate clinical supplies during the perioperative experience.

  13. Volumes of chain links

    CERN Document Server

    Kaiser, James; Rollins, Clint

    2011-01-01

    Agol has conjectured that minimally twisted n-chain links are the smallest volume hyperbolic manifolds with n cusps, for n at most 10. In his thesis, Venzke mentions that these cannot be smallest volume for n at least 11, but does not provide a proof. In this paper, we give a proof of Venzke's statement. The proof for n at least 60 is completely rigorous. The proof for n between 11 and 59 uses a computer calculation, and can be made rigorous for manifolds of small enough complexity, using methods of Moser and Milley. Finally, we prove that the n-chain link with 2m or 2m+1 half-twists cannot be the minimal volume hyperbolic manifold with n cusps, provided n is at least 60 or |m| is at least 8, and we give computational data indicating this remains true for smaller n and |m|.

  14. Towards Intelligent Supply Chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siurdyban, Artur; Møller, Charles

    2012-01-01

    of deploying inapt operations leading to deterioration of profits. To address this problem, we propose a unified business process design framework based on the paradigm of intelligence. Intelligence allows humans and human-designed systems cope with environmental volatility, and we argue that its principles...... applied to the context of organizational processes can increase the success rate of business operations. The framework is created using a set of theoretical based constructs grounded in a discussion across several streams of research including psychology, pedagogy, artificial intelligence, learning......, business process management and supply chain management. It outlines a number of system tasks combined in four integrated management perspectives: build, execute, grow and innovate, put forward as business process design propositions for Intelligent Supply Chains....

  15. Demand chain management-integrating marketing and supply chain management

    OpenAIRE

    Jüttner, Uta; Christopher, Martin; Baker, Susan

    2007-01-01

    This paper endorses demand chain management as a new business model aimed at creating value in today's marketplace, and combining the strengths of marketing and supply chain competencies. Demand chain design is based on a thorough market understanding and has to be managed in such a way as to effectively meet differing customer needs. Based on a literature review as well as the findings from a co-development workshop and focus group discussions with marketing and supply chain professionals, a...

  16. Supply Chain Initiatives Database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2012-11-01

    The Supply Chain Initiatives Database (SCID) presents innovative approaches to engaging industrial suppliers in efforts to save energy, increase productivity and improve environmental performance. This comprehensive and freely-accessible database was developed by the Institute for Industrial Productivity (IIP). IIP acknowledges Ecofys for their valuable contributions. The database contains case studies searchable according to the types of activities buyers are undertaking to motivate suppliers, target sector, organization leading the initiative, and program or partnership linkages.

  17. Input chains and industrialization

    OpenAIRE

    Ciccone, Antonio

    2000-01-01

    A key aspect of industrialization is the adoption of increasing-returns-to-scale, industrial, technologies. Two other, well-documented aspects are that industrial technologies are adopted throughout intermediate-input chains and that they use intermediate inputs intensively relative to the technologies they replace. These features of industrial technologies combined imply that countries with access to similar technologies may have very different levels of industrial...

  18. Engineered Ionizable Side Chains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cymes, Gisela D; Grosman, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    One of the great challenges of mechanistic ion-channel biology is to obtain structural information from well-defined functional states. In the case of neurotransmitter-gated ion channels, the open-channel conformation is particularly elusive owing to its transient nature and brief mean lifetime. In this Chapter, we show how the analysis of single-channel currents recorded from mutants engineered to contain single ionizable side chains in the transmembrane region can provide specific information about the open-channel conformation without any interference from the closed or desensitized conformations. The method takes advantage of the fact that the alternate binding and unbinding of protons to and from an ionizable side chain causes the charge of the protein to fluctuate by 1 unit. We show that, in mutant muscle acetylcholine nicotinic receptors (AChRs), this fluctuating charge affects the rate of ion conduction in such a way that individual proton-transfer events can be identified in a most straightforward manner. From the extent to which the single-channel current amplitude is reduced every time a proton binds, we can learn about the proximity of the engineered side chain to the lumen of the pore. And from the kinetics of proton binding and unbinding, we can calculate the side-chain's affinity for protons (pK a), and hence, we can learn about the electrostatic properties of the microenvironment around the introduced ionizable group. The application of this method to systematically mutated AChRs allowed us to identify unambiguously the stripes of the M1, M2 and M3 transmembrane α-helices that face the pore's lumen in the open-channel conformation in the context of a native membrane. PMID:26381938

  19. Inclusive Global Value Chains

    OpenAIRE

    Cusolito, Ana Paula; Safadi, Raed; Taglioni, Daria

    2016-01-01

    This report's focus is making global value chains (GVCs) more inclusive. To achieve inclusiveness is by overcoming participation constraints for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and facilitation access for Low Income Developing Countries (LIDCs). The underlying assumption is that most firms in LIDCs are SMEs. Even larger firms in LIDCs are likely to face similar challenges to SMEs, including a less supportive domestic operating environment and weaker institutions that lead to higher fixed ...

  20. Polymerase chain reaction

    OpenAIRE

    Gaurav Solanki

    2015-01-01

    The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique in molecular biology to amplify a single or a few copies of a piece of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence. PCR is now a common and often indispensable technique used in medical and biological research labs for a variety of applications. There are three major steps involved in the PCR technique: denaturation, annealing and extension. PCR is useful in the investigation...