WorldWideScience

Sample records for anti-d neutral mesons

  1. Study of neutral D meson - neutral anti-D meson mixing parameters using a time-dependent amplitude analysis of the decay neutral D meson going to neutral K(S) meson-pion-antipion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreassen, Rolf

    I present a measurement of the mixing parameters in the D meson system, using 473.5 fb-1 of data from the BABAR detector. A time-dependent fit to the Dalitz plot of the decay D0 → Kspi +pi-, assuming no CP violation, finds for the D0 -- D0 mixing parameters, the normalised mass and width differences x and y x=0.43+/-0.25+/-0.20 % y=0.70+/-0.22+/-0.17 % where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic. For D0 and D¯0 samples separately, we find xD0=0.49+/-0.36+/- 0.20% yD0=0.82+/-0.31+/- 0.17% xD¯0= 0.46+/-0.35+/-0.20% yD¯0= 0.55+/-0.31+/-0.17%.

  2. Measurement of charm mixing parameters and the neutral D meson decaying to a negative kaon-positive pion strong phase using quantum correlated neutral D meson-neutral anti-D meson pairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lincoln, Adam J.

    The decays of D0 and D0 mesons produced from e +e- annihilations at the psi'' resonance reflect quantum correlations so that decay rates are sensitive to interference between indistinguishable final states. Using the CLEO-c detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we measure the time-independent decay rates of D0 decays to K-pi +, K+pi-, several CP eigenstates, and semileptonic states. We make use of both partially and fully reconstructed D0 - D0 pairs. A chi2 minimization fitter extracts from these decay rates mixing and doubly Cabibbo suppressed decay parameters x2, y, r 2, and cos delta, along with isolated D 0 branching fractions for all input final states. By constraining the branching fractions and r2 with independent measurements, a first measurement of cos delta can be made.

  3. Neutral B meson flavor tagging

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, R J

    2001-01-01

    We present an investigation of the use of net charge and kaon identification to tag the flavor of neutral B mesons. The net charge of the neutral B meson decay products is zero if all charged particles are used and slightly non-zero if only undiscriminated hadronic final states are used. The net charge of the kaons alone correctly tags the identity of the neutral meson in at least a third of all decays. We have parametrized the particle identification capability of several techniques, such as dE/dx in time projection chambers, LEP/SLC ring-imaging chambers and an enhanced BaBar DIRC. Using these parametrisations we compare the relative tagging power of each technique to that of an ideal detector. (8 refs).

  4. Neutral-meson oscillations with torsion

    CERN Document Server

    Poplawski, Nikodem J

    2011-01-01

    We propose a simple mechanism that may explain the observed particle-antiparticle asymmetry in the Universe. In the Einstein-Cartan-Sciama-Kibble theory of gravity, the intrinsic spin of matter generates spacetime torsion. Classical Dirac fields in the presence of torsion obey the nonlinear Hehl-Datta equation which is asymmetric under a charge-conjugation transformation. Accordingly, at extremely high densities that existed in the very early Universe, fermions have higher effective masses than antifermions. As a result, a meson composed of a light quark and a heavy antiquark has a lower effective mass than its antiparticle. Neutral-meson oscillations in thermal equilibrium therefore favor the production of light quarks and heavy antiquarks, which may be related to baryogenesis.

  5. Meson exchange and neutral weak currents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beck, D.H. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)

    1994-04-01

    Measurements of parity-violating electron scattering asymmetries to determine weak neutral currents in nuclei will be effected by the presence of meson exchange currents. Present low momentum transfer calculations, based on a flavor independent framework, show these effects to be small. In general, however, as the momentum transfer increases to values typical of deep-inelastic scattering, fragmentation functions show a clear flavor dependence. It is suggested that a good experimental starting point for understanding the flavor dependence of meson production and exchange currents is the Q{sup 2} dependence of parity-violating asymmetry in inclusive single pion electroproduction. A CEBAF facility with doubled energy is necessary to approach momentum transfers where this process begins to scale.

  6. Three methods to detect the predicted D anti D scalar meson X(3700)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiao, C.W.; Oset, E. [Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Valencia (Spain)

    2013-04-15

    In analogy to the f{sub 0}(500), which appears as a {pi}{pi} resonance in chiral unitary theory, and the f{sub 0}(980), which appears as a quasibound K anti K state, the extension of this approach to the charm sector also predicts a quasibound D anti D state with mass around 3720 MeV, named as X(3700), for which some experimental support is seen in the e + e - {yields}J/ {psi}D anti D reaction close to the D anti D threshold. In the present work we propose three different experiments to observe it as a clear peak. The first one is the radiative decay of the {psi}(3770), {psi}(3770) {yields} {gamma}X(3700) {yields} {gamma}{eta}{eta}'. The second one proposes the analogous reaction {psi}(4040) {yields} {gamma}X(3700) {yields} {gamma}{eta}{eta}' and the third reaction is the e {sup +} e- {yields} J/{psi}X(3700) {yields} J/{psi}{eta}{eta}'. Neat peaks are predicted for all the reactions and the calculated rates are found within measurable range in present facilities. (orig.)

  7. High-energy photoproduction of neutral mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Charity, Tim

    1987-01-01

    This thesis presents results from the first full period of data-taking of the experiment WA69 at the Omega^'^ectrometer, CERN, Geneva. The experiment used a tagged photon beam of energy 60-180 GeV incident on a liquid hydrogen target to study photoproduction of hadronic states. The various components of the experiment are described, with particular emphasis on the electromagnetic calorimeters, and the associated offline software for event reconstruction and acceptance calculation. The performance of the outer calorimeter is discussed, and the pi^0 detection and reconstruction efficiency is examined by comparison with pi^{+/- } production. Searches for photoproduction of neutral meson states reveal a clear signal for the pi^0, eta^0 , and omega^0 mesons. The cross-section for elastic omega^0 production is estimated, and found to be consistent with the established value of 1 mub. The cross-section for inclusive pi^0 and eta^0 production is studied using the variable Feynman-x (x_{F }), and pi^0 production as a ...

  8. A search for neutral D meson - anti-D meson mixing in semileptonic decays from FOCUS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosack, Michael Galen

    Leading order perturbative calculations indicate D0--D¯0 mixing at 10-10--10-9 levels in the Standard Model. This is far below present experimental sensitivities. Observation of D0--D¯ 0 mixing would indicate either new physics or the presence of large long distance contributions. This thesis reports on a search for D0--D¯0 mixing in semileptonic decays from the FOCUS (E831) photoproduction experiment. Data from FOCUS were taken during the 1996--1997 fixed target run at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The measured mixing fraction is rmix = ( -7.5+9.9,+2.1-9.3,-2.6 ) x 10-4, where the first errors are statistical and the second errors are systematic. This result is consistent with no mixing and corresponds to a 95% confidence level upper limit of r mix < 13.1 x 10-4. This is presently the world's most sensitive limit on rmix.

  9. Evidence for the Production of Neutral Mesons by Photons

    CERN Document Server

    Steinberger, J; Panofsky, Wolfgang Kurt Hermann

    1950-01-01

    In the bombardment of nuclei by 330-Mev x-rays, multiple gamma-rays are emitted. From their angular correlation it is deduced that they are emitted in pairs in the disintegration of neutral particles moving with relativistic velocities and therefore of intermediate mass. The neutral mesons are produced with cross sections similar to those for the charged mesons and with an angular distribution peaked more in the forward direction. The production cross section in hydrogen and the production cross section per nucleon in C and Be are comparable.

  10. Evidence for the Production of Neutral Mesons by Photons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberger, J.; Panofsky, W. K. H.; Steller, J.

    1950-04-01

    Evidence in favor of the existence of a gamma unstable neutral meson; report on the detection of the coincidences between the two gamma rays produced by the bombardment of various nuclei in the x-ray beam of the Berkeley synchrotron.

  11. Neutral meson oscillations on the lattice

    CERN Document Server

    Carrasco, Nuria

    2014-01-01

    Accurate measurements of K, D and B meson mixing amplitudes provide stringent constraints in the Unitary Triangle analysis, as well as useful bounds on New Physics scales. Lattice QCD provides a non perturbative tool to compute the hadronic matrix elements entering in the effective weak Hamiltonian, with errors at a few percent level and systematic uncertainties under control. I review recent lattice results for these hadronic matrix element performed with $N_f=2$, $N_f=2+1$ and $N_f=2+1+1$ dynamical sea quarks.

  12. Further Results on the Production of Neutral Mesons by Photons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panofsky, W. K. H.; Steinberger, J.; Steller, J.

    1951-10-01

    Further measurements have been made on the photoproduction of neutral mesons using the gamma-gamma coincidence technique. New data have been obtained on the gamma-gamma correlation curves in beryllium. The angular distribution of the photo mesons in Be has been determined and found to be strongly peaked forward. The dependence on the atomic number A of production has been found to obey an A{sup 2/3} law. Some data obtained for production in hydrogen show that the pi-zero and pi-plus production cross sections are comparable and that the pi-zero excitation curve starts more slowly from threshold than does the pi-plus photo excitation curve.

  13. CP measurement in quantum teleportation of neutral mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quantum teleportation using neutral pseudoscalar mesons shows novel connections between particle physics and quantum information. The projection basis, which is crucial in the teleportation process, is determined by the conservation laws of particle physics and is different from the Bell basis, as in the usual case. Here we show that one can verify the teleportation process by CP measurement. This method significantly simplifies the high energy quantum teleportation protocol. Especially, it is rigorous and independent of whether CP is violated in weak decays. This method can also be applied to general verification of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations in particle physics. (orig.)

  14. Further Results on the Production of Neutral Mesons by Photons

    CERN Document Server

    Steinberger, J; Panofsky, Wolfgang Kurt Hermann

    1952-01-01

    Further measurements have been made on the photoproduction of neutral mesons using the gamma-gamma coincidence technique. New data have been obtained on the gamma-gamma correlation curves in beryllium. The angular distribution of the photomesons in Be has been determined and found to be strongly peaked forward. The dependence on the atomic number A of production has been found to obey an A2 / 3 law. Some data obtained for production in hydrogen show that the pi 0 and pi + production cross sections are comparable and that the pi 0 excitation curve starts more slowly from threshold than does the pi + photo-excitation curve.

  15. Mixing parameters of neutral beauty mesons from the Coulomb plus power potential (CPPν)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Bhavin; Vinodkumar, P. C.

    2009-11-01

    The investigation of mixing parameters in neutral B meson systems provides an important testing ground for standard model flavour dynamics. The spectroscopic parameters deduced from the potential model are used to calculate the pseudoscalar decay constant and mixing parameters of the B and Bs mesons.

  16. Dynamics of neutral mesons in a hot and magnetized quark matter

    CERN Document Server

    Fayazbakhsh, Sh; Sadooghi, N

    2012-01-01

    The dynamics of noninteracting \\sigma and \\pi^0 mesons is studied at finite temperature, chemical potential and in the presence of a constant magnetic field. To do this, the energy dispersion relations of these particles, including nontrivial form factors, are derived using a derivative expansion of the effective action of a two-flavor, hot and magnetized Nambu--Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model up to second order. The temperature dependence of the pole and screening masses as well as the directional velocities of magnetized neutral mesons are explored for fixed magnetic fields and chemical potentials. It is shown that the velocity and the screening mass of neutral mesons exhibit a certain anisotropy in the transverse and longitudinal directions with respect to the direction of the external magnetic field, and that, because of explicit Lorentz violation by the background magnetic field, neutral mesons travel, in the transverse direction, at more than the speed of light.

  17. Fragmentation functions of neutral mesons π0 and k0 with Laplace transform approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghavi-Shahri, F.; Tehrani, S. Atashbar; Zarei, M.

    2016-06-01

    With an analytical solutions of DGLAP evolution equations based on the Laplace transform method, we find the fragmentation functions (FFs) of neutral mesons, π0 and k0 at NLO approximation. We also calculated the total fragmentation functions of these mesons and compared them with experimental data and those from global fits. The results show a good agreement between our solutions and other models and they are compatible with experimental data.

  18. Fragmentation Functions of neutral mesons $\\pi^0$ and $k ^0$ with Laplace transform approach

    CERN Document Server

    Taghavi-Shahri, F; Zare, M

    2016-01-01

    With an analytical solutions of DGLAP evolution equations based on the Laplace transform method , we find the fragmentation functions (FFs) of neutral mesons, $\\pi^0$ and $k ^0$ at NLO approximation. We also calculated the total fragmentation functions of these mesons and compared them with experimental data and those from global fits. The results show a good agreements between our solutions and other models and also are compatible with experimental data.

  19. A measurement of the lifetime and mixing frequency of neutral B mesons with semileptonic decays in the BABAR detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Chih-Hsiang

    The neutral B meson, consisting of a b quark and an anti-d quark, can mix (oscillate) to its own anti-particle through second-order weak interactions. The measurement of the mixing frequency can constrain the quark mixing matrix in the Standard Model of particle physics. The PEP-II B-factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center provides a very large data sample that enables us to make measurements with much higher precisions than previous measurements, and to probe physics beyond the Standard Model. The lifetime of the neutral B meson tB0 and the B0-B¯ 0 mixing frequency Deltamd are measured with a sample of approximately 14,000 exclusively reconstructed B 0 → D*-ℓ +nuℓ signal events, selected from 23 million BB¯ pairs recorded at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the asymmetric-energy e +e- collider, PEP-II. The decay position of the other B is determined inclusively, and its b-quark flavor at the time of decay is determined (tagged) with the charge of tracks in the final state, where identified leptons or kaons give the most information. The decay time difference of two B mesons in the event is calculated from the distance between their decay vertices and the Lorentz boost of the center of mass. The lifetime and mixing frequency, along with wrong-tag probabilities and the time-difference resolution function, are measured simultaneously with an unbinned maximum-likelihood fit that uses, for each event, the measured difference in B decay times (Deltat), the calculated uncertainty on Deltat, the signal and background probabilities, and b-quark tagging for the other B meson. The results are tB0=1.523 +0.024-0.023+/-0.022 ps Dmd=0.492+/-0.018+/- 0.013ps-1, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. The statistical correlation coefficient between tB0 and Deltamd is -0.22. This result is consistent with the current world average values, the total errors are comparable with other most-precise measurements.

  20. Flavour tagging of neutral B mesons at the LHCb detector

    CERN Document Server

    Jacoby, C

    2002-01-01

    The LHCb (a L ar ge Hadr on Col lider Be auty Exp eriment) c ol lab or ation is involve d in an exp erimental r ese ar ch pr o gr am aiming to p erform, starting in 2007, pr e cise me asur ements of the CP symmetry violation in b -hadr on de c ays pr o duc e d at the fu- tur e LHC c ol lider at CERN. In many CP violation studies at LHCb, it is imp ortant to know the avour state of neutr al B mesons at the time of pr o duction (i.e. to know if it is a B 0 or a B 0 ). This so-c al le d avour tagging is studie d in this do cument. In p articular, the p erformanc e of the curr ent LHCb tagging algorithm is analyze d and optimize d wher ep ossible.

  1. Near-threshold production of neutral π mesons in heavy-ion reactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy and angular distributions of neutral π mesons emitted in reactions of 35-MeV/u 14N + A1, Ni, and W have been measured by using beams from the MSU K = 500 cyclotron. The measurements continue a long tradition of subthreshold (in the nucleon-nucleon sense) production of π mesons, extending back to the first artificial production by Gardner and Lattes using 75-MeV/u α-particle beams from the UCRL 184'' synchrocyclotron. Comparisons are made with theory, ascribing the present production to mechanisms of varying degree of collectivity, and some suggestions are made concerning future experimental work. 34 references

  2. Nuclear dependence of neutral-D-meson production by 800 GeV/c protons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear dependence for 800 GeV/c proton production of neutron D mesons has been measured near xF=0 in Experiment 789 at Fermilab. D mesons from beryllium and gold targets were detected with a pair spectrometer and a silicon vertex detector via their decay D→Kπ. No nuclear dependence is found, with a measured α=1.02±0.03±0.02. The measured differential cross section, dσ/dxF, for neutral-D-meson production at left-angle xF right-angle=0.031 is 58±3±7 μb/nucleon. The integrated cross section obtained by extrapolation of the measured cross section to all xF is 17.7±0.9±3.4 μb/nucleon and is consistent with previous measurements

  3. Search for Mixing and Charge Parity Violation in Neutral Charm Mesons through Semileptonic $B$ Meson Decay

    CERN Document Server

    Davis, Adam; Meadows, Brian

    We present the measurement of mixing and Charge Parity violation parameters in the $D^0$ meson system using the decay \\begin{align} \\overline{B}\\to \\mu^- D^{*+} X\\\\ D^{*+}\\to D^0 \\pi^+\\\\ D^0\\to K \\pi \\end{align} and charge conjugate decays using the full Run I dataset collected by the LHCb Collaboration at the LHC at CERN from 2011 to 2012. By fitting the time dependent ratio of ``Wrong Sign'' $D^0$ decays to ``Right Sign'' $D^0$ decays, we extract the parameters sensitive to mixing and charge parity violation. The resulting mixing fit yields \\begin{align} R_D &= (3.48 \\pm 0.11 \\pm 0.01)\\times10^{-3}\\\\ y' &= (4.60 \\pm 3.50 \\pm 0.18)\\times 10^{-3}\\\\ x'^2&= (0.28 \\pm 3.10 \\pm 0.11)\\times 10^{-4}. \\end{align} The results for the no Direct CP Violation fits are \\begin{align} R_D &= (3.48 \\pm 0.11 \\pm 0.01)\\times 10^{-3}\\\\ y'^+ &= (2.79 \\pm 3.99 \\pm 1.17)\\times 10^{-3}\\\\ x'^{2+}&= (1.94 \\pm 3.47 \\pm 0.98)\\times 10^{-4}\\\\ y...

  4. Proceedings of the LAMPF workshop on photon and neutral meson physics at intermediate energies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume contains the Proceedings of the Workshop on ''Photon and Neutral-Meson, Physics at Intermediate Energies,'' held at Los Alamos, New Mexico, January 7 to 9, 1987. The purpose of this workshop was to bring together scientists working in the areas of electromagnetic, heavy-ion, and light hadron physics to discuss both the physics that could be addressed and potential capabilities of new, large intermediate-energy photon detectors. Based on the papers contained in these proceedings, it appears clear that there are a number of important areas that could be addressed with a much higher resolution neutral meson detector. It is also clear that the technical capability for building a neutral meson detector for energies up to 4 GeV with solid angle of approximately 10 mrs and resolution of a few hundred keV now exists. It also appears entirely reasonable to construct such a detector to be easily transportable so that it would become a national facility, available for use at a number of different laboratories. From the many interesting papers presented and from the broad representation of physicists from laboratories in Asia, Canada, Europe, Japan, and the United States, there appears to be a strong case for proceeding with the construction of such a detector

  5. Research News -- Quantum Mechanical Entanglement and Tests of CPT Theorem with Neutral Mesons at e+ e- Colliders

    CERN Document Server

    Ananthanarayan, B

    2007-01-01

    We review the recent confirmation of quantum entanglement in e+ e- collisions at the BELLE experiment at KEK-B in Japan with neutral B- mesons, and at the KLOE experiment at the DAFNE in Italy with neutral K- mesons. Such effects in the latter system seen already in proton-antiproton collisions by the CPLEAR experiment are also reviewed for purposes of comparison. In addition, the KLOE experiment provides new tests of the CPT theorem and are briefly discussed.

  6. Intrinsic CPT violation and decoherence for entangled neutral mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Bernabeu, J; Papavassiliou, J; Waldron-Lauda, A

    2006-01-01

    We present a combined treatment of quantum-gravity-induced effects and intrinsic CPT violation in entangled neutral-Kaon states. Our analysis takes into consideration two types of effects: first, those associated with the loss of particle-antiparticle identity, as a result of the ill-defined nature of the CPT operator, and second, effects due to the non-unitary evolution of the Kaons in the space-time foam. By studying a variety of phi-factory observables, involving identical as well as general final states, we derive analytical expressions, to leading order in the associated CPT violating parameters, for double-decay rates and their time-integrated counterparts. Our analysis shows that the various types of the aforementioned effects may be disentangled through judicious combinations of appropriate observables in a phi factory.

  7. Intrinsic CPT violation and decoherence for entangled neutral mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a combined treatment of quantum-gravity-induced decoherence and intrinsic CPT violation in entangled neutral-kaon states. Our analysis takes into consideration two types of effects: first, those associated with the loss of particle-antiparticle identity, as a result of the ill-defined nature of the CPT operator, and second, effects due to the nonunitary evolution of the kaons in the space-time foam. By studying a variety of φ-factory observables, involving identical as well as general final states, we derive analytical expressions, to leading order in the associated CPT violating parameters, for double-decay rates and their time-integrated counterparts. Our analysis shows that the various types of the aforementioned effects may be disentangled through judicious combinations of appropriate observables in a φ factory

  8. Search for flavor-changing-neutral-current D meson decays

    CERN Document Server

    Abazov, V; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguiló, E; Ahn, S H; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Anastasoaie, M; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anderson, S; Andrieu, B; Anzelc, M S; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; Åsman, B; Assis-Jesus, A C S; Atramentov, O; Autermann, C; Avila, C; Ay, C; Badaud, F; Baden, A; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, P; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benítez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Berntzon, L; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Biscarat, C; Blazey, G; Blekman, F; Blessing, S; Bloch, D; Bloom, K; Böhnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Borissov, G; Bos, K; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Buchanan, N J; Buchholz, D; Bühler, M; Büscher, V; Burdin, S; Burke, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Butler, J M; Calfayan, P; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Caron, S; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Cason, N M; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chan, K; Chandra, A; Charles, F; Cheu, E; Chevallier, F; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christofek, L; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clement, B; Coadou, Y; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M C; Crepe-Renaudin, S; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Da Motta, H; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; De Jong, S J; de Jong, P; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; De Oliveira Martins, C; Degenhardt, J D; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dong, H; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Dugad, S R; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dyer, J; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Ermolov, P; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Ford, M; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Gallas, E; Galyaev, E; García, C; García-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Gelé, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Yu; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gollub, N; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, P; Grivaz, J F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, J; Guo, F; Gutíerrez, P; Gutíerrez, G; Haas, A; Hadley, N J; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Hanagaki, K; Hansson, P; Harder, K; Harel, A; Harrington, R; Hauptman, J M; Hauser, R; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinmiller, J M; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hoeth, H; Hohlfeld, M; Hong, S J; Hooper, R; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jarvis, C; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Käfer, D; Kahn, S; Kajfasz, E; Kalinin, A M; Kalk, J R; Kalk, J M; Kappler, S; Karmanov, D; Kasper, J; Kasper, P; Katsanos, I; Kau, D; Kaur, R; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Yu M; Khatidze, D; Kim, H; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J P; Kopal, M; Korablev, V M; Kozelov, A V; Krop, D; Kryemadhi, A; Kühl, T; Kumar, A; Kunori, S; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lazoflores, J; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lehner, F; Lellouch, J; Lévêque, J; Lewis, P; Li, J; Li, Q Z; Li, L; Lietti, S M; Lima, J G R; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobo, L; Lobodenko, A; Lokajícek, M; Lounis, A; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Madaras, R J; Mättig, P; Magass, C; Magerkurth, A; Makovec, N; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Mao, H S; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; Melnitchouk, A; Mendes, A; Mendoza, L; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, J; Meyer, A; Michaut, M; Millet, T; Mitrevski, J; Molina, J; Mommsen, R K; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulders, M; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Naumann, N A; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nomerotski, A; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; O'Dell, V; O'Neil, D C; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Oshima, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Oteroy-Garzon, G J; Owen, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Park, S J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Pawloski, G; Penning, B; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Petroff, P; Petteni, M; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M E; Polozov, P; Pompo, A; Pope, B G; Popov, A V; Potter, C

    2007-01-01

    We study the flavor-changing-neutral-current process c to u mu+ mu- using 1.3 fb^-1 of p p bar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV recorded by the D0 detector operating at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We see clear indications of the Ds+ and D+ to phi pi+ to mu+ mu- pi+ final states with significance greater than four standard deviations above background for the D+ state. We search for the continuum decay of D+ to pi+mu+mu- in the dimuon invariant mass spectrum away from the phi resonance. We see no evidence of signal above background and set a limit of B(D+ to pi+mu+mu-) < 3.9 x 10^-6 at the 90% C.L. This limit places the most stringent constraint on new phenomena in the c to u mu+ mu- transition.

  9. Neutral B meson mixing with static heavy and domain-wall light quarks

    CERN Document Server

    Ishikawa, Tomomi; Izubuchi, Taku; Lehner, Christoph; Soni, Amarjit

    2013-01-01

    Neutral B meson mixing matrix elements and B meson decay constants are calculated. Static approximation is used for b quark and domain-wall fermion formalism is employed for light quarks. The calculations are done on 2+1 flavor dynamical ensembles, whose lattice spacings are 0.086 fm and 0.11 fm with a fixed physical spatial volume of about (2.7 fm)^3. In the static quark action, link-smearings are used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio. We employ two kinds of link-smearings and their results are combined in taking a continuum limit. For the matching between the lattice and the continuum theory, one-loop perturbative calculations are used including O(a) improvements to reduce discretization errors. We obtain SU(3) braking ratio \\xi=1.222(60) in the static limit of b quark.

  10. Non-Orthogonality of Residues in the Wigner-Weisskopf Model for Neutral K Meson Decay

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Eli; Horwitz, L. P.

    1998-01-01

    We review the application of the Wigner-Weisskopf model for the neutral K meson system in the resolvent formalism. The Wigner-Weisskopf model is not equivalent to the Lee-Oehme-Yang-Wu formulation (which provides an accurate representation of the data). The residues in the pole approximation in the Wigner-Weisskopf model are not orthogonal, leading to additional interference terms in the $K_S-K_L 2\\pi$ channel. We show that these terms would be detectable experimentally in the decay pattern o...

  11. Testing the Wigner - Weisskopf approximation by using neutral-meson - antimeson correlated states

    OpenAIRE

    Dass, G. V.; Grimus, W.

    2001-01-01

    We phenomenologically decompose the Weisskopf--Wigner approximation, as applied to the neutral flavoured meson complexes, into three pieces and propose tests for these pieces. Our tests hold for general decay amplitudes and $M^0$--$\\bar M^0$ mixing parameters. We concentrate on C-odd $M^0 \\bar M^0$ states and stress the importance of such tests in view of the variety of physics extracted from measurements on such complexes. Studying the feasibility of the tests confines one to the $K^0 \\bar K...

  12. A Measurement of Lifetime Differences in the Neutral D-Meson System

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Reyes, M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Dos Reis, A C; Simão, F R A; Do Vale, M A B; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Méndez, H; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; Ramírez, J E; O'Reilly, B; Vaandering, E W; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Sarwar, S; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Park, K S; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Myung, S S; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M G; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Torre, P; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Zhang, Y; Copty, N K; Purohit, M; Wilson, J R; Cho, K; Handler, T; Engh, D; Johns, W E; Hosack, M; Nehring, M S; Sales, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M S; Sheaff, M; Kwon, Y J

    2000-01-01

    Using a high statistics sample of photoproduced charm particles from the FOCUS experiment at Fermilab, we compare the lifetimes of neutral D mesons decaying via D0 to K- pi+ and K- K+ to measure the lifetime differences between CP even and CP odd final states. These measurements bear on the phenomenology of D0 - D0bar mixing. If the D0 to K-pi+ is an equal mixture of CP even and CP odd eigenstates, we measure yCP = 0.0342 \\pm 0.0139 \\pm 0.0074.

  13. A measurement of lifetime differences in the neutral D-meson system

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Reyes, M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Dos Reis, A C; Simão, F R A; Do Vale, M A B; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Méndez, H; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; Ramírez, J E; O'Reilly, B; Vaandering, E W; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Sarwar, S; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Park, K S; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Myung, S S; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M G; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Torre, P; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Zhang, Y; Copty, N K; Purohit, M; Wilson, J R; Cho, K; Handler, T; Engh, D; Johns, W E; Hosack, M; Nehring, M S; Sales, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M S; Sheaff, M; Kwon, Y J

    2000-01-01

    Using a high statistics sample of photoproduced charm particles from the FOCUS experiment at Fermilab, we compare the lifetimes of neutral D mesons decaying via D0 to K- pi+ and K- K+ to measure the lifetime differences between CP even and CP odd final states. These measurements bear on the phenomenology of D0 - D0bar mixing. If the D0 to K-pi+ is an equal mixture of CP even and CP odd eigenstates, we measure yCP = 0.0342 \\pm 0.0139 \\pm 0.0074.

  14. A search for a neutral D meson - anti-D meson mixing in the semileptonic decay of a neutral D meson decaying to a resonant Kaon in electron volts

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGee, Sean

    2002-04-01

    Using the CLEOII.V dataset, we search for evidence of D 0 - D¯0 mixing through the decay of D0 → K* e n with the K*+/- decaying to K*+/-→K0Sp +/-→p+/-p∓ p+/- . A fit for wrong-sign events, D0→K*+e-n ¯ , gives an upper limit on Rmix=ND0→ D¯0→K*+e -n¯ ND0→K*-e +n at a 95% C.L. of <0.86%.

  15. Squark flavor mixing and CP asymmetry of neutral B mesons at LHCb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CP violation of the neutral B meson is the important phenomenon to search for the new physics. The like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry observed by the DØ Collaboration indicates the CP-violating new physics in the Bs-B¯s mixing. On the other hand, LHCb observed the CP-violating asymmetry in Bs0→J/ψφ and Bs0→J/ψf0(980), which is consistent with the SM prediction. However, there is still room for new physics of the CP violation. The CKMfitter has presented the allowed region of the new physics parameters taking account of the LHCb data. Based on these results, we discuss the effect of the squark flavor mixing on the CP violation in the Bd and Bs mesons. We predict asymmetries in the non-leptonic decays Bd0→φKS, Bd0→η′K0, Bs0→φφ and Bs0→φη′.

  16. Mixing and CP Violation in the Decay of Neutral D Mesons at CLEO

    CERN Document Server

    Cronin-Hennessy, D; Thorndike, E H; Coan, T E; Fadeev, V; Gao, Y S; Maravin, Y; Narsky, I; Stroynowski, R; Ye, J; Wlodek, T; Artuso, M; Boulahouache, C; Bukin, K; Dambasuren, E; Majumder, G; Mountain, R; Schuh, S; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Wang, J C; Wolf, A; Wu, J; Kopp, S; Kostin, M A; Mahmood, A H; Csorna, S E; Danko, I; McLean, K W; Xu, Z; Godang, R; Bonvicini, G; Cinabro, D; Dubrovin, M; McGee, S; Zhou, G J; Bornheim, A; Lipeles, E; Pappas, S P; Shapiro, A; Sun, W M; Weinstein, A J; Jaffe, D E; Mahapatra, R; Masek, G; Paar, H P; Asner, D M; Eppich, A; Hill, T S; Morrison, R J; Briere, R A; Chen, G P; Ferguson, T; Vogel, H; Gritsan, A; Alexander, J P; Baker, R; Bebek, C; Berger, B E; Berkelman, K; Blanc, F; Boisvert, V; Cassel, David G; Drell, P S; Duboscq, J E; Ecklund, K M; Ehrlich, R; Gaidarev, P B; Gibbons, L; Gittelman, B; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Hopman, P I; Hsu, L; Jones, C D; Kandaswamy, J; Kreinick, D L; Lohner, M; Magerkurth, A; Meyer, T O; Mistry, N B; Nordberg, E; Palmer, M; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Romano, A; Schwarthoff, H; Thayer, J G; Urner, D; Valant-Spaight, B L; Viehhauser, G; Warburton, A; Avery, P; Prescott, C; Rubiera, A I; Stöck, H; Yelton, J; Brandenburg, G; Ershov, A; Kim, D Y J; Wilson, R; Bergfeld, T; Eisenstein, B I; Ernst, J; Gladding, G E; Gollin, G D; Hans, R M; Johnson, E; Karliner, I; Marsh, M A; Plager, C; Sedlack, C; Selen, M; Thaler, J J; Williams, J; Edwards, K W; Janicek, R; Patel, P M; Sadoff, A J; Ammar, R; Bean, A; Besson, D; Zhao, X; Anderson, S; Frolov, V V; Kubota, Y; Lee, S J; O'Neill, J J; Poling, R A; Smith, A; Stepaniak, C J; Urheim, J; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Athar, S B; Jian, L; Ling, L; Saleem, M; Timm, S; Wappler, F; Anastassov, A; Eckhart, E; Gan, K K; Gwon, C; Hart, T; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pedlar, T K; Thayer, J B; Von Törne, E; Zoeller, M M; Richichi, S J; Severini, H; Skubic, P L; Undrus, A; Savinov, V; Chen, S; Fast, J; Hinson, J W; Lee, J; Miller, D H; Shibata, E I; Shipsey, I P J; Pavlunin, V

    2001-01-01

    We present preliminary results of several analyses searching for the effects of CP violation and mixing in the decay of D0 mesons. We find no evidence of CP asymmetry in five different two-body decay modes of the D0 to pairs of light pseudo-scalar mesons: A_CP(K+ K-) = (+0.05 +- 2.18 +- 0.84)%, A_CP(pi+ pi-) = (+2.0 +- 3.2 +- 0.8)%, A_CP(K0_S pi0) = (+0.1 +- 1.3)% A_CP(pi0 pi0) = (+0.1 +- 4.8)% and A_CP(K0_S K0_S) = (-23 +- 19)%. We present the first measurement of the rate of wrong-sign D0 -> K+ pi- pi0 decay: R_WS = 0.0043 + 0.0011 - 0.0010 +- 0.0007. Finally, we describe a measurement of the mixing parameter y_CP= Delta Gamma / (2 Gamma) by searching for a lifetime difference between the CP neutral K+ pi- final state and the CP even K+K- and pi+pi- final states. Under the assumption that CP is conserved we find y_CP = -0.011 +- 0.025 +- 0.014.

  17. Secondary production of neutral pi-mesons and the diffuse galactic gamma radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dermer, C. D.

    1986-01-01

    Isobaric and scaling model predictions of the secondary spectra of neutral pi-mesons produced in proton-proton collisions, at energies between threshold and a few GeV, are compared on the basis of accelerator data and found to show the isobaric model to be superior. This model is accordingly used, in conjuction with a scaling model representation at high energies, in a recalculation of the pi exp (0) gamma-radiation's contribution to the diffuse galactic gamma background; the cosmic ray-induced production of photons (whose energy exceeds 100 MeV) by such radiation occurs at a rate of 1.53 x 10 to the -25 photons/(s-H atom). These results are compared with previous calculations of this process as well as with COS-B observations of the diffuse galactic gamma-radiation.

  18. Semihard diffractive production of neutral mesons by off shell photons and the range of pQCD validity

    CERN Document Server

    Ginzburg, I F; Serbo, V G

    1995-01-01

    We study the dependence on photon virtuality Q^2 for the semihard quasi--elastic photoproduction of neutral vector mesons on a quark, gluon or real photon (at s\\gg p_{\\bot}^2,\\;Q^2; \\; p_{\\bot}^2 \\gg \\mu^2 \\approx (0.3 GeV)^2). To this end we calculate the corresponding amplitudes (in an analytical form) in the lowest nontrivial approximation of the perturbative QCD. The amplitudes for the production of mesons consisting of light quarks vary very rapidly with the photon virtuality near Q^2=0. We estimate the range of the pQCD validity for such processes. The estimated bounds of this region are surprisingly high. The clean signature of the pQCD validity is the longitudinal polarization of produced mesons (consisting of light quarks).

  19. Neutral B-Meson Mixing Parameters in and beyond the SM with 2+1 Flavor Lattice QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouchard, Chris M. [William-Mary Coll.; Freeland, Elizabeth [Art Inst. of Chicago; Bernard, C. W. [Washington U., St. Louis; Chang, Chia Cheng [Illinois U., Urbana; El-Khadra, Aida X [Illinois U., Urbana; Gámiz, M. Elvira [Granada U., Theor. Phys. Astrophys.; Kronfeld, A. S. [Munich, Tech. U.; Laiho, Jack [Syracuse U.; Van de Water, Ruth S. [Fermilab

    2014-12-03

    We report on the status of our calculation of the hadronic matrix elements for neutral $B$-meson mixing with asqtad sea and valence light quarks and using the Wilson clover action with the Fermilab interpretation for the $b$ quark. We calculate the matrix elements of all five local operators that contribute to neutral $B$-meson mixing both in and beyond the Standard Model. We use MILC ensembles with $N_f=2+1$ dynamical flavors at four different lattice spacings in the range $a \\approx 0.045$--$0.12$~fm, and with light sea-quark masses as low as 0.05 times the physical strange quark mass. We perform a combined chiral-continuum extrapolation including the so-called wrong-spin contributions in simultaneous fits to the matrix elements of the five operators. We present a complete systematic error budget and conclude with an outlook for obtaining final results from this analysis.

  20. Neutral B-meson mixing parameters in and beyond the SM with 2+1 flavor lattice QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Bouchard, C M; Bernard, C W; Chang, C C; El-Khadra, A X; Gámiz, M E; Kronfeld, A S; Laiho, J; Van de Water, R S

    2014-01-01

    We report on the status of our calculation of the hadronic matrix elements for neutral $B$-meson mixing with asqtad sea and valence light quarks and using the Wilson clover action with the Fermilab interpretation for the $b$ quark. We calculate the matrix elements of all five local operators that contribute to neutral $B$-meson mixing both in and beyond the Standard Model. We use MILC ensembles with $N_f=2+1$ dynamical flavors at four different lattice spacings in the range $a \\approx 0.045$--$0.12$~fm, and with light sea-quark masses as low as 0.05 times the physical strange quark mass. We perform a combined chiral-continuum extrapolation including the so-called wrong-spin contributions in simultaneous fits to the matrix elements of the five operators. We present a complete systematic error budget and conclude with an outlook for obtaining final results from this analysis.

  1. Study of charmless three-body decays of neutral B mesons with the LHCb spectrometer

    CERN Document Server

    Sobczak, Krzysztof Grzegorz

    This thesis describes an exploratory work on three-body charmless neutral $B$ mesons decays containing either a $K_S$ or $\\pi^0$. The events are reconstructed with the LHCb spectrometer installed at Cern (Geneva, CH) recording the proton-proton collisions delivered by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The phenomenology of such modes is rich and covers the possibility to measure all angles of the unitarity triangle linked to the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix. The single example of the $\\gamma$ measurement is explored in this document. The LHC accelerator and the most relevant sub-detector elements of the LHCb spectrometer are described in details. In particular, emphasis is given to the calorimetry system for which the calibration and alignment of the PreShower (PRS) of the electromagnetic calorimeter has been performed. We used particles at minimum ionisation deposit for such a task. The calibration results until year 2011 are reported as well as the method of the PS alignment with respect to the tra...

  2. Study of Zweig's rule using phi mesons in a broad band neutral beam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study of Zweig's rule using phi mesons in a high energy photon beam was performed. Measurement of the ratio sigma(γA → phi ππA)/sigma(γA → ωππA) = 0.10 +- 0.02 is taken as evidence that there is not as strong suppression as could be expected. Other ratios show strange particle production down from nonstrange particle production by a factor of twelve. Decays involving phi mesons are studied, and the only candidate seen is a four sigma effect in the mode two phis with a mass 2.15 GeV. F meson, charm pseudo-scalar meson and exotic vector mesons which might decay into phis are not seen. The phi prime is not seen with an upper limit sigma(γA → phi'A)B(phi' → K+K-π+π-) < 6 nb per nucleon

  3. Measurement Of The Ration Of Branching Fractions Branching(neutral Strange B Mesons Decaying To Negative Strange D Meson-positive Pions)/branching(neutral B Mesons Decaying To Negative D Meson-positive Pions) At Cdf-ii

    CERN Document Server

    Furic, I K

    2004-01-01

    The measurement of B0s mixing is one of the flagship analyses for the Run II B physics program. The sensitivity of the measurement to the frequency of B0s oscillations strongly depends on the number of reconstructed B0s mesons. We present the measurement of the ratio of branching fractions BrB0s→D- sp+ /Br(B0 → D−π+), which directly influences the number of B0s events available for the measurement of B0s mixing at CDF-II. We analyze 115 pb−1 of data collected with the CDF-II detector in pp¯ collisions at s = 1.96 TeV using a novel displaced track trigger. We reconstruct 78 ± 11 B0s→D- sp + decays and 1153 ± 45 B0 → D−π+ decays with good signal to background ratio. This is the world's largest sample of fully reconstructed B0s→D- sp + decays. We find the ratio of production fractions multiplied by the ratio of branching fractions to be: fsf d˙BrB0 s&r...

  4. Translation of Time-Reversal Violation in the Neutral K-Meson System into a Table-Top Mechanical System

    CERN Document Server

    Reiser, Andreas; Stiewe, Juergen

    2012-01-01

    Weak interactions break time-reversal (T) symmetry in the two-state system of neutral K mesons. We present and discuss a two-state mechanical system, a Foucault-type pendulum on a rotating table, for a full representation of K0 K0bar transitions by the pendulum motions including T violation. The pendulum moves with two different oscillation frequencies and two different magnetic dampings. Its equation of motion is identical with the differential equation for the real part of the CPT-symmetric K-meson wave function. The pendulum is able to represent microscopic CP and T violation with CPT symmetry owing to the macroscopic Coriolis force which breaks the symmetry under reversal-of-motion. Video clips of the pendulum motions are shown as supplementary material.

  5. Translation of time-reversal violation in the neutral K-meson system into a table-top mechanical system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiser, Andreas; Schubert, Klaus R.; Stiewe, Jürgen

    2012-08-01

    Weak interactions break time-reversal (T) symmetry in the two-state system of neutral K-mesons. We present and discuss a two-state mechanical system, i.e. a Foucault-type pendulum on a rotating table, for a full representation of {K^0}{{\\overlineK}{}^0} transitions by the pendulum motions including T violation. The pendulum moves with two different oscillation frequencies and two different magnetic dampings. Its equation of motion is identical to the differential equation for the real part of the CPT-symmetric K-meson wavefunction. The pendulum is able to represent microscopic CP and T violation with CPT symmetry owing to the macroscopic Coriolis force, which breaks the symmetry under reversal-of-motion. Video clips of the pendulum motions are given as supplementary material.

  6. Measurement of the lifetimes of the neutral and charged D mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results are presented on the use of a high-resolution drift chamber in the Mark II Detector at PEP to measure the lifetimes of D0 and D+- mesons produced in e+e- annihilations at 29 GeV. Based on a sample of 74 events for the D0 mesons and 23 events for the D+- mesons, the lifetimes are found to be tau/sub D0 = 4.7/sub -0.8//sup +0.9/ +- 0.5 x 10-13 s; tau/sub D+-/ = 8.9/sub -2.7//sup +3.8/ +- 1.3 x 10-13 s. The ratio of these lifetimes, tau/sub D0//tau/sub D+-/ = 1.9/sub -0.7//sup +0.9/ +- 0.3, indicates that the decays of these mesons cannot be explained by the simple spectator model of charmed particle decay

  7. Measurement of CP-Violating Asymmetries In Neutral B Meson Decays Into Three Kaons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, Joshua M.

    2008-12-01

    The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics successfully describes all of the observed interactions of the fundamental particles (with the exception of non-zero neutrino mass). Despite this enormous success, the SM is widely viewed as an incomplete theory. For example, the size of the asymmetry between matter and antimatter is not nearly large enough to account for the abundance of matter observed throughout the universe. It is thus believed that as-yet-unknown physical phenomena must exist that introduce new asymmetries between matter and antimatter. In this thesis, by studying decays that happen only rarely in the SM, we make measurements of asymmetries between matter and antimatter that are potentially sensitive to the existence of processes beyond the SM. At the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC, electrons and positrons are collided at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance to create pairs of B mesons. The BABAR detector is used to measure the subsequent decay products. Using 383 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays, we study the decay B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup 0}. In the SM, this decay is dominated by loop amplitudes. Asymmetries between matter and antimatter (CP asymmetries) are extracted by measuring the time-dependence of the complex amplitudes describing the B{sup 0} and {bar B}{sup 0} decays as functions of their kinematics. The interference between decays with and without the mixing of neutral B mesons allows for the measurement of the angle {beta}{sub eff}, which is a measure of CP violation. We also measure the direct CP asymmetry A{sub CP}. Data samples reconstructed from three K{sup 0} modes (K{sub S}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, K{sub S}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, and K{sub L}{sup 0}) are fit simultaneously. They find A{sub CP} = -0.015 {+-} 0.077 {+-} 0.053 and {beta}{sub eff} = 0.352 {+-} 0.076 {+-} 0.026 rad, corresponding to a CP violation significance of 4.8{sigma}. A second solution near {pi}/2

  8. Measurement of CP-Violating Asymmetries In Neutral B Meson Decays Into Three Kaons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, Joshua M. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

    2008-12-01

    The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics successfully describes all of the observed interactions of the fundamental particles (with the exception of non-zero neutrino mass). Despite this enormous success, the SM is widely viewed as an incomplete theory. For example, the size of the asymmetry between matter and antimatter is not nearly large enough to account for the abundance of matter observed throughout the universe. It is thus believed that as-yet-unknown physical phenomena must exist that introduce new asymmetries between matter and antimatter. In this thesis, by studying decays that happen only rarely in the SM, we make measurements of asymmetries between matter and antimatter that are potentially sensitive to the existence of processes beyond the SM. At the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC, electrons and positrons are collided at the Υ(4S) resonance to create pairs of B mesons. The BABAR detector is used to measure the subsequent decay products. Using 383 million Υ(4S) → B$\\bar{B}$ decays, we study the decay B0 → K+K-K0. In the SM, this decay is dominated by loop amplitudes. Asymmetries between matter and antimatter (CP asymmetries) are extracted by measuring the time-dependence of the complex amplitudes describing the B0 and $\\bar{B}$0 decays as functions of their kinematics. The interference between decays with and without the mixing of neutral B mesons allows for the measurement of the angle βeff, which is a measure of CP violation. We also measure the direct CP asymmetry ACP. Data samples reconstructed from three K0 modes (KS0 → π+π-, KS0 → π0π0, and KL0) are fit simultaneously. They find ACP = -0.015 ± 0.077 ± 0.053 and βeff = 0.352 ± 0.076 ± 0.026 rad, corresponding to a CP violation

  9. Separation of a single photon and products of the pi0,eta and K0s meson neutral decay channels using neural network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandurin, Dmitry V.; Skachkov, Nikolaj B.

    2004-04-01

    The artificial neural network approach is used for separation of signals from a single photon gamma and products of the pi0,eta and K0s meson neutral decay channels on the basis of the data from the CMS electromagnetic calorimeter alone. Rejection values for the three types of mesons as a function of single photon selection efficiencies are obtained for two pseudorapidity regions and initial Et of 20, 40, 60 and 100 GeV.

  10. Neutral ρ meson properties in an isospin-asymmetric pion medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We evaluate the ρ meson self energy at finite temperature T and charged-pion chemical potential μQ as well by utilizing a conventional π-ρ effective Lagrangian and functional integral representation of the partition function in the one-pion loop order (i.e., second order in the ρππ coupling constant). We find an increase of both the ρ meson mass and the width with increasing temperature and chemical potential μQ. At large value of μQ this increases may be about two times larger as compared with the pure temperature shift of Gale and Kapusta at vanishing μQ. (orig.)

  11. A direct test of T symmetry in the neutral K meson system with Ks->pi l nu and Kl->3pi0 at KLOE-2

    CERN Document Server

    Gajos, A

    2014-01-01

    Quantum entanglement of K and B mesons allows for a direct experimental test of time-reversal symmetry independent of CP violation. The T symmetry can be probed by exchange of initial and final states in the reversible transitions between flavour and CP-definite states of the mesons which are only connected by the T conjugation. While such a test was successfully performed by the BaBar experiment with neutral B mesons, the KLOE-2 detector can probe T-violation in the neutral kaon system by investigating the process with Ks->pi l nu and Kl->3pi0 decays. Analysis of the latter is facilitated by a novel reconstruction method for the vertex of Kl->3pi0 decay which only involves neutral particles. Details of this new vertex reconstruction technique are presented as well as prospects for conducting the direct T symmetry test at the KLOE-2 experiment.

  12. Measurement of the lifetimes of the neutral and charged D mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gladney, L.D.

    1985-03-01

    Results are presented on the use of a high-resolution drift chamber in the Mark II Detector at PEP to measure the lifetimes of D/sup 0/ and D/sup + -/ mesons produced in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilations at 29 GeV. Based on a sample of 74 events for the D/sup 0/ mesons and 23 events for the D/sup + -/ mesons, the lifetimes are found to be tau/sub D/sup 0/ = 4.7/sub -0.8//sup +0.9/ +- 0.5 x 10/sup -13/ s; tau/sub D/sup + -// = 8.9/sub -2.7//sup +3.8/ +- 1.3 x 10/sup -13/ s. The ratio of these lifetimes, tau/sub D/sup 0///tau/sub D/sup + -// = 1.9/sub -0.7//sup +0.9/ +- 0.3, indicates that the decays of these mesons cannot be explained by the simple spectator model of charmed particle decay.

  13. Calculating the two-pion decay and mixing of neutral K mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Christ, Norman H

    2013-01-01

    The recent calculation of the complex isospin-two decay amplitude A_2 with physical kinematics is presented together with exploratory calculations of the isospin-zero decay amplitude A_0. Prospects for accurate calculation of A_0 as well as the mass difference between the K_L and K_S mesons are discussed.

  14. One meson π0 final state study in neutral current neutrino and antineutrino interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutral pion production by weak neutral currents was observed in the CERN-GARGAMELLE neutrino experiment. The aim of the analysis was the measurement of the ratios R(ν) and R(antiν) of neutral-current to charged-current cross sections. The background due to neutron interactions was computed. A lower and an upper limit of the background was obtained. Bounds on the ratios R(ν) and R(antiν) are given using these limits: 0.11< R(ν)<0.22; 0.16< R(antiν)<0.52. Theoretical predictions for R(ν) were obtained in the framework of the Weinberg-Salam model. It is not possible to compare the experimental result with these theoretical evaluation because of nuclear corrections

  15. Production asymmetries of neutral B mesons in pp collisions at LHCb

    CERN Multimedia

    Ferrari, Fabio

    2015-01-01

    The B0bar-B0 and Bsbar-Bs production asymmetries, AP(B0) and AP(Bs), are measured by means of a time-dependent analysis of B0 -> J/\\psi K*0, B0 -> D- pi+ and Bs -> Ds- pi+ decays, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb^{-1}, collected by LHCb in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. The measurements are performed as a function of transverse momentum and pseudorapidity of the B0 and Bs mesons within the LHCb acceptance. The production asymmetries, integrated over pT and eta in the range 4 < pT< 30 GeV/c and 2.5

  16. Neutral meson production in pp and Pb–Pb collisions measured by ALICE at the LHC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The midrapidity π0 nuclear modification factor, RAA, at √(sNN)=2.76 TeV in 6 centrality classes as well as the corresponding π0 invariant yields in Pb–Pb and in pp collisions are presented. The transverse momentum range covered is 0.6 (0.4) GeV/cneutral pions increasing with centrality is observed. The yield of charged particles associated with a high pT neutral pion trigger (8 GeV/c

  17. Measurements of Lifetimes and a Limit on the Lifetime Difference in the Neutral D-Meson System

    CERN Document Server

    Aitala, E M; Anjos, J C; Appel, J A; Ashery, D; Banerjee, S; Bediaga, I; Blaylock, G; Bracker, S B; Burchat, Patricia R; Burnstein, R A; Carter, T; Carvalho, H S; Copty, N J; Cremaldi, L M; Darling, C; Denisenko, K; Fernández, A; Fox, G F; Gagnon, P; Göbel, C; Gounder, K; Halling, A M; Herrera-Corral, G; Hurvits, G; James, C; Kasper, P A; Kwan, S; Langs, D C; Leslie, J; Lundberg, B; May Tal-Beck, S; Meadows, B; De Mello-Neto, J R T; Mihalcea, D; Milburn, R H; De Miranda, J M; Napier, A; Nguyen, A; D'Oliveira, A B; O'Shaughnessy, K; Peng, K C; Perera, L P; Purohit, M V; Quinn, B; Radeztsky, S; Rafatian, A; Reay, N W; Reidy, J J; Dos Reis, A C; Rubin, H A; Sanders, D A; Santha, A K S; Santoro, A F S; Schwartz, A J; Sheaff, M; Sidwell, R A; Slaughter, A J; Sokoloff, M D; Solano, J; Stanton, N R; Stefanski, R J; Stenson, K; Summers, D J; Takach, S F; Thorne, K; Tripathi, A K; Watanabe, S; Weiss-Babai, R; Wiener, J; Witchey, N; Wolin, E; Yang, S M; Yi, D; Yoshida, S; Zaliznyak, R; Zhang, C

    1999-01-01

    Using the large hadroproduced charm sample collected in experiment E791 at Fermilab, we report the first directly measured constraint on the decay-width difference Delta Gamma for the mass eigenstates of the D0-D0bar system. We obtain our result from lifetime measurements of the decays D0 --> K-pi+ and D0 --> K-K+, under the assumption of CP invariance, which implies that the CP eigenstates and the mass eigenstates are the same. The lifetime of D0 --> K-K+ (the CP-even final state is \\tau_KK = 0.410 +/- 0.011 +/- 0.006 ps, and the lifetime of D0 --> K-pi+ (an equal mixture of CP-odd and CP-even final states is tau_Kpi = 0.413 +/- 0.003 +/- 0.004 ps. The decay-width difference is Delta Gamma = 2(Gamma_KK - Gamma_Kpi) = 0.04 +/- 0.14 +/- 0.05 ps^-1. We relate these measurements to measurements of mixing in the neutral D-meson system.

  18. Multiple-neutral-meson decays of the /tau/ lepton and electromagnetic calorimeter requirements at Tau-Charm Factory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gan, K.K.

    1989-08-01

    This is a study of the physics sensitivity to the multiple-neutral-meson decays of the /tau/ lepton at the Tau-Charm Factory. The sensitivity is compared for a moderate and an ultimate electromagnetic calorimeter. With the high luminosity of the Tau- Charm Factory, a very large sample of the decays /tau//sup /minus// /yields/ /pi//sup /minus//2/pi//sup 0//nu//sub /tau// and /tau//sup /minus// /yields/ /pi//sup /minus//3/pi//sup 0//nu//sub /tau// can be collected with both detectors. However, with the ultimate detector, 2/pi//sup 0/ and 3/pi//sup 0/ can be unambiguously reconstructed with very little background. For the suppressed decay /tau//sup /minus// /yields/ /pi//sup /minus///eta//pi//sup 0//nu//sub /tau//, only the ultimate detector has the sensitivity. The ultimate detector is also sensitive to the more suppressed decay /tau//sup /minus// /yields/ K/sup /minus///eta//nu//sub /tau// and the moderate detector may have the sensitivity if the hadronic background is not significantly larger than that predicted by Lund. In the case of the highly suppressed second-class-current decay /tau//sup /minus// /yields/ /pi//sup /minus///eta//nu//sub /tau//, only the ultimate detector has sensitivity. The sensitivity can be greatly enhanced with a small-angle photon veto. 16 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Heavy Meson Molecules in Effective Field Theory

    OpenAIRE

    AlFiky, Mohammad T.; Gabbiani, Fabrizio; Petrov, Alexey A.

    2006-01-01

    We consider the implications from the possibility that the recently observed state X(3872) is a meson-antimeson molecule. We write an effective Lagrangian consistent with the heavy-quark and chiral symmetries needed to describe X(3872). We explore the consequences of the assumption that X(3872) is a molecular bound state of D^{*0} and anti-D^0 mesons for the existence of bound states in the D^0-anti-D^0 and D^{*0}-anti-D^{*0}.

  20. Effect of Non-Orthogonality of Residues in the Wigner-Weisskopf model on Regeneration for the Neutral $K$ Meson system

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Eli; Horwitz, L. P.

    1998-01-01

    We review the application of the Wigner-Weisskopf model to the two-channel decay problem for the neutral $K$ meson system in the resolvent formalism. The residues in the pole approximation are not orthogonal, leading to additional interference terms in the $K_S-K_L 2\\pi$ channel. We show that these terms lead to non-trivial changes in the exit beam in comparison to the result calculated with the assumptions of Lee, Oehme and Yang, and Wu and Yang, corresponding to semigroup evolution for whic...

  1. Software package developments around TAPS multidetector: on-line management of GANIL data; mesons neutral identification with the help of neural networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The photon multidetector system TAPS, a European collaboration, was installed for the second series of experiments at GANIL in the fall of 1992. It was used in conjunction with a multidetector for charged particles and the high resolution spectrometer SPEG. This experimental set-up is described. A dedicated software package, written in the PAW environment, for the online control and analysis of data has been developed and is described in detail. One aspect of the TAPS experimental program involves the detection of neutral mesons via two-photon decay. The identification by this decay channel is not trivial due to the so-called combinatorial background-the generation of photon pairs not associated with a meson decay. A method based on a neural network has been developed in order to aid in the extraction of the meson signal. The method is based on that of Hopfield and has been modified to incorporate the self-connection of cells. Our network is thus well suited to solve optimization problems where the initial state of the system represents the data constituting the problem. The performance of the network is presented using simulations and it is demonstrated that the signal-to-noise ratio can be improved given constraints on the solid angle of the detector and the correct identification of the photons

  2. Observation of pi - B meson charge-flavor correlations and measurement of time dependent B{sup 0}Bbar{sup 0} mixing in p pbar collisions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    P. Maksimovic

    1999-01-26

    We present a study of time dependent B{sup 0}-{anti B}{sup 0} mixing in p{anti p} collisions at 1.8 TeV using 110 pb{sup -1} collected with the CDF detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. B mesons are partially reconstructed using the semileptonic decays B{sup 0}{yields}l{sup +}D{sup (*)-}X and B{sup +}{yields}l{sup +}{anti D}{sup 0}X (and their charge conjugates). B meson-charged pion correlations are used in order to determine the flavor of the B meson at t=0. Such correlations are expected to arise from pions produced in the fragmentation chain and also from B{sup **} decays. We measure the efficiency and purity of this flavor tagging method for both charged and neutral B mesons.

  3. A direct test of time-reversal symmetry in the neutral K meson system with KS → πℓν and KL → 3π0 at KLOE-2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gajos Aleksander

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Quantum entanglement of K and B mesons allows for a direct experimental test of time-reversal symmetry independent of CP violation. The T symmetry can be probed by exchange of initial and final states in the reversible transitions between flavor and CP- definite states of the mesons which are only connected by the T conjugation. While such a test was successfully performed by the BaBar experiment with neutral B mesons, the KLOE-2 detector can probe T -violation in the neutral kaons system by investigating the process with KS → π±l∓νl and KL → 3π0 decays. Analysis of the latter is facilitated by a novel reconstruction method for the vertex of KL → 3π0 decay which only involves neutral particles. Details of this new vertex reconstruction technique are presented as well as prospects for conducting the direct T symmetry test at the KLOE-2 experiment.

  4. Study of the background noise generated by the accelerator PEP-2 with a CsI(Na) scanning ring. Study of mass difference between B neutral mesons by using BABAR detector and DI-leptons events

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first part of this report is dedicated to the CP-violation in the sector of B quarks and to its experimental proof through 2 major equipment: the B meson factory PEP-2 and the detector BABAR. The second part deals with the background noise generated by PEP-2. The third part presents the study of the oscillations of neutral B mesons with the detector BABAR. The study of the background noise shows important differences between the experimental data and the simulation. These differences are thought to be due on one hand to the lack of accuracy of pressure models that set the normalisation of the simulated background noise, and on the other hand to the absence of simulation of particles that undergo Coulomb diffusion and do more than a lap before bumping into the void tube. The second hypothesis is backed by the evaluation of the collimation effect of the beam that appears to be more important in experimental data than in the simulation. Among the main results given by the BABAR collaboration, the measurement of the oscillation frequency of the neutral B meson is very important. This measurement is based on semi-leptonic decays of B mesons in order to tag the favour of neutral B mesons at the very moment of their decay. The data analysis was performed over 2.3 106 decays of B meson pairs and we obtained: Δmd = (0.495 ± 0.026 ± 0.023) ℎps-1. The accuracy on the value of Δmd could be improved by using tagging methods based on the semi-exclusive then exclusive reconstruction of neutral B mesons. (A.C.)

  5. Measurement of the neutral $D$ meson mixing parameters in a time-dependent amplitude analysis of the $D^0\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ decay

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2016-01-01

    We measure the $D^0 - {\\bar{D}}^0$ mixing parameters using a time-dependent amplitude analysis of the decay $D^0\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$. The data were recorded with the BABAR detector at center-of-mass energies at and near the $\\Upsilon(4S)$ resonance, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of approximately 468.1 ${\\rm fb}^{-1}$. The neutral $D$ meson candidates are selected from $D^{*}(2010)^+\\to D^0 \\pi_s^+$ decays where the flavor at the production is identified by the charge of the low momentum pion, $\\pi_s^+$. The measured mixing parameters are $x = (1.5\\pm1.2\\pm0.6) \\%$ and $y = (0.2\\pm0.9\\pm0.5) \\%$, where the quoted uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively.

  6. Search for Neutral B-Meson Decays to $a_{0}\\pi, a_{0}K$, etarho0, and etaf0

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Becker, J; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hachtel, J; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F R; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Fisher, P H; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G

    2007-01-01

    We present a search for B0 decays to charmless final states involving an eta meson, a charged pion and a second charged pion or kaon. The data sample corresponds to 383x10^6 BBbar pairs collected with the BABAR detector operating at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC. We find no significant signals and determine the following 90% C.L. upper limits: BR(B->a0-pi+) x BR(a0- -> etapi-) a0-K+) x BR(a0- -> etapi-) a0(1450)-pi+) x BR(a0(1450)- -> etapi-) a0(1450)-K+) x BR(a0(1450)- -> etapi-) etarho0) eta f0(980)) x BR(f0(980)- -> pi+pi-) < 0.4x10^-6.

  7. Limits on the Decay-Rate Difference of Neutral-B Mesons and on CP, T, and CPT Violation in B0-antiB0 Oscillations

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, Bernard; Abrams, G S; Adye, T; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Albert, J; Aleksan, Roy; Allison, J; Allmendinger, T; Altenburg, D; Andreotti, M; Angelini, C; Aston, D; Azzolini, V; Baak, M; Back, J J; Bailey, S; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Band, H R; Banerjee, Sw; Barate, R; Bard, D J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Bartoldus, R; Batignani, G; Bauer, J M; Beck, T W; Behera, P K; Bellini, F; Benayoun, M; Berger, N; Bernard, D; Berryhill, J W; Best, D; Bettarini, S; Bettoni, D; Bevan, A J; Bhimji, W; Bianchi, F; Blanc, F; Blaylock, G; Blinov, V E; Bloom, P; Bóna, M; Bondioli, M; Bonneaud, G R; Borean, C; Borgland, A W; Bosisio, L; Boutigny, D; Bowerman, D A; Boyarski, A M; Boyd, J T; Bozzi, C; Brandenburg, G; Brandt, T; Brau, B; Brau, J E; Breon, A B; Briand, H; Brochard, F; Brose, J; Brown, C L; Brown, C M; Brown, D N; Bruinsma, M; Brunet, S; Bucci, F; Buchmüller, O L; Bugg, W; Bukin, A D; Bulten, H J; Burchat, Patricia R; Button-Shafer, J; Buzzo, A; Côté, D; Cahn, R N; Calabrese, R; Calcaterra, A; Calderini, G; Campagnari, C; Capra, R; Carpinelli, M; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; Cavoto, G; Chao, M; Charles, E; Chauveau, J; Chen, A; Chen, E; Chen, J C; Chen, S; Cheng, C H; Chevalier, N; Christ, S; Cibinetto, G; Clark, P J; Cochran, J; Colberg, T; Colecchia, F; Coleman, J P; Contri, R; Convery, M R; Cormack, C M; Cossutti, F; Cottingham, W N; Couderc, F; Cowan, G; Cowan, R; Crawley, H B; Cremaldi, L M; Cristinziani, M; Crosetti, G; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Dahmes, B; Dallapiccola, C; Danielson, N; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Dauncey, P D; David, P; Davier, M; Davis, D; Day, C T; De Groot, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Del Buono, L; Del Gamba, V; Della Ricca, G; Di Lodovico, F; Dickopp, M; Dittongo, S; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dorigo, A; Druzhinin, V P; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Dvoretskii, A; Eckmann, R; Edwards, A J; Egede, U; Eichenbaum, A M; Eigen, G; Eisner, A M; Elmer, P; Elsen, E E; Emery, S; Ernst, J A; Eschenburg, V; Eschrich, I; Fabozzi, F; Faccini, R; Fan, S; Farbin, A; Feltresi, E; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Field, R C; Finocchiaro, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Flood, K T; Ford, K; Ford, W T; Forti, F; Fortin, D; Franek, B J; Frey, R; Fritsch, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gabriel, T A; Gaidot, A; Gaillard, J M; Gaillard, J R; Galeazzi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Gamet, R; Gan, K K; Ganzhur, S F; Gary, J W; Gaspero, M; Gatto, C; Geddes, N I; Gill, M S; Giorgi, M A; Giraud, P F; Gladney, L; Glanzman, T; Godang, R; Goetzen, K; Golubev, V B; Gopal, G P; Gowdy, S J; Grancagnolo, S; Green, M G; Grenier, P; Gritsan, A V; Grosdidier, G; Groysman, Y; Guo, Q H; Hadavand, H K; Hadig, T; Haire, M; Halyo, V; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Hamon, O; Harrison, P F; Harrison, T J; Hart, P A; Hartfiel, C; Buchanan, B L; Harton, J L; Hast, C; Hauke, A; Hawkes, C M; Hearty, C; Held, T; Hertzbach, S S; Heusch, C A; Hicheur, A; Hill, E J; Hitlin, D G; Höcker, A; Hodgkinson, M C; Hollar, J J; Honscheid, K; Hrynóva, T; Hufnagel, D; Hulsbergen, W D; Igonkina, O; Innes, W R; Ivanchenko, V N; Izen, J M; Jackson, P D; Jacobsen, R G; Jawahery, A; Jayatilleke, S M; John, M J J; Johnson, J R; Judd, D; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kagan, H; Karyotakis, Yu; Kass, R; Kelly, M P; Kelsey, M H; Kerth, L T; Khan, A; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kirkby, D; Kitayama, I; Koch, H; Kocian, M L; Kofler, R; Kolomensky, Yu G; Koptchev, V B; Kovalskyi, D; Kowalewski, R V; Kozanecki, Witold; Kravchenko, E A; Krishnamurthy, M; Kroeger, R; Kukartsev, G; Kutter, P E; Lacker, H M; Lae, C K; Lafferty, G D; Lamsa, J; Lanceri, L; Lange, D J; Langenegger, R S; Dubitzky, U; Langer, M; Lankford, A J; Laplace, S; Latham, T E; Lavin, D; Le Clerc, C; Le Diberder, F R; Lees, J P; Legendre, M; Leith, D W G S; Lepeltier, V; Leruste, P; Levesque, J A; Levy, S L; Lewandowski, B; Li Gioi, L; Li, H; Libby, J; Lillard, V; Lista, L; Liu, R; Lo Secco, C P; Jessop, J M; Lo Vetere, M; Lockman, W S; London, G W; Long, O; Lou, X C; Lu, A; Lü, C; Luitz, S; Luppi, E; Lusiani, A; Lüth, V; Lutz, A M; Lynch, G; Lynch, H L; Lyon, A J; MacFarlane, D B; Macri, M; Mallik, G J; Grenier, U; Maly, E; Mancinelli, G; Mandelkern, M A; Mangeol, D J J; Marchiori, G; Margoni, M; Marker, C E; Marsiske, H; Martínez-Vidal, F; Mattison, T S; Mayer, B; Mazur, M A; Mazzoni, M A; McKenna, J A; McMahon, T R; Meadows, B T; Merchant, A M; Messner, R; Meyer, T I; Meyer, W T; Miftakov, V; Mihályi, A; Mir, L M; Mohanty, G B; Mohapatra, A K; Mommsen, R K; Monge, M R; Monorchio, D; Moore, T B; Morandin, M; Morgan, S E; Morganti, M; Morganti, S; Morii, M; Morton, G W; Muheim, F; Müller, D R; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Narsky, I; Nash, J A; Nauenberg, U; Neal, H; Negrini, M; Neri, N; Nicholson, H; Nogowski, R; O'Grady, C P; Ocariz, J; Oddone, P J; Ofte, I; Olaiya, E O; Olivas, A; Olsen, J; Onuchin, A P; Orimoto, T J; Otto, S; Ozcan, V E; Paar, H P; Paick, K; Palombo, A; Lazzaro, F; Pan, Y; Panetta, J; Panvini, R S; Paoloni, E; Paolucci, P; Parry, R J; Passaggio, S; Patel, P M; Patrignani, C; Patteri, P; Payne, D J; Pelizaeus, M; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Peruzzi, F; Anulli, I M; Petersen, B A; Petersen, T C; Petrak, S; Petzold, A; Piatenko, T; Piccolo, D; Piccolo, M; Piemontese, L; Pierini, M; Pioppi, M; Biasini, M; Piredda, G; Pivk, M; Plaszczynski, S; Playfer, S; Pompili, A; Palano, A; Poropat, P; Porter, F C; Posocco, M; Potter, C T; Prell, S; Prepost, R; Pripstein, M; Pulliam, T; Purohit, M V; Qi, N D; Rahatlou, S; Rahimi, A M; Rama, M; Rankin, P; Ratcliff, B N; Raven, G; Re, P F; Manfredi, V R; Reidy, J; Ricciardi, S; Richman, J D; Ritchie, J L; Rizzo, G; Roat, C; Roberts, D A; Robertson, S H; Robutti, E; Roe, N A; Röthel, W; Ronan, Michael T; Roney, J M; Rong, G; Roodman, A; Roos, L; Rosenberg, E I; Rotondo, M; Ryd, A; Saeed, M A; Tehrani, F S; Saleem, M; Salnikov, A A; Salvatore, F; Samuel, A; Sanders, D A; Sandrelli, F; Santroni, A; Saremi, S; Sarti, A; Satpathy, A; Schalk, T; Schindler, R H; Schmitz, R E; Schott, G; Schrenk, S; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schumm, B A; Schune, M H; Schwiening, J; Schwierz, R; Schwitters, R F; Sciacca, C; Sciolla, G; Seiden, A; Sekula, S J; Serednyakov, S I; Sharma, V; Shelkov, V G; Shen, B C; Simani, M C; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Sinev, N B; Skovpen, Yu I; Sloane, R J; Smith, A J S; Smith, J G; Snyder, A; Soffer, A; Soha, A; Sokoloff, M D; Solodov, E P; Spaan, B; Spanier, S M; Spradlin, P; Stängle, H; Steinke, M; Stelzer, J; Stoker, D P; Stroili, R; Strom, D; Stugu, B; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Summers, D J; Sundermann, J E; T'Jampens, S; Tan, P; Tantot, L; Taras, P; Taylor, F; Taylor, G P; Telnov, A V; Teodorescu, P; Kyberd, L; Ter-Antonian, R; Therin, G; Thiebaux, C; Thiessen, D; Tiozzo, G; Tisserand, V; Toki, W H; Torrence, E; Tosi, S; Touramanis, C; Treadwell, E; Vaitsas, G; Vasileiadis, G; Vasseur, G; Vavra, J; Verderi, M; Verkerke, W; Vitale, L; Voci, C; Voena, C; Vuagnin, G; Wagner, G; Wagner, S R; Wagoner, D E; Waldi, R; Walsh, J; Wang, K; Wang, P; Wappler, F R; Watson, A T; Weaver, M; Weidemann, A W; Weinstein, A J R; Wenzel, W A; Wilden, L; Williams, D C; Williams, J C; Willocq, S; Wilson, F F; Wilson, M G; Wilson, R J; Winter, M A; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Won, E; Wong, Q K; Wormser, G; Wright, D H; Wright, D M; Wu, J; Wu Sau Lan; Yamamoto, R K; Yang, S; Yarritu, A K; Ye, S; Yéche, C; Yi, J; Young, C C; Yu, Z; Yumiceva, F X; Yushkov, A N; Zallo, A; Zeng, Q L; Zghiche, A; Zhang, L; Zhao, H W; Zhu, Y S; Zito, M; De Sangro, R; Del Re, D; La Vaissière, C de; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H

    2004-01-01

    Using events in which one of two neutral-B mesons from the decay of an Y(4S) resonance is fully reconstructed, we set limits on the difference between the decay rates of the two neutral-B mass eigenstates and on CP, T, and CPT violation in B0-antiB0 mixing. The reconstructed decays, comprising both CP and flavor eigenstates, are obtained from 88 million Y(4S) --> Banti-B decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC. We determine six independent parameters governing oscillations (Deltam, DeltaGamma/Gamma), CPT and CP violation (Re Z, Im Z), and CP and T violation (Im lambdaCP, |q/p|), where lambdaCP characterizes B0 and anti-B0 decays to states of charmonium plus K0S or K0L. The results are sgn(Re lambdaCP)xDeltaGamma/Gamma = -0.008 +/- 0.037(stat) +/- 0.018(syst) [-0.084,0.068], |q/p| = 1.029 +/- 0.013(stat) +/- 0.011(syst) [ 1.001,1.057], (Re lambdaCP)/|lambdaCP|xRe z = 0.014 +/- 0.035(stat) +/- 0.034(syst) [-0.072,0.101], Im z = 0.038 +/- 0.029(stat) +/- 0.025(s...

  8. Limits on the Lifetime Difference of Neutral B Mesons and on CP, T, and CPT Violation in B0-B0bar Mixing

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, Bernard; Boutigny, D; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kral, J F; Kukartsev, G; Le Clerc, C; Levi, M E; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Romosan, A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Telnov, A V; Wenzel, W A; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Knowles, D J; Penny, R C; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Deppermann, T; Goetzen, K; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schmücker, H; Steinke, M; Barlow, N R; Bhimji, W; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; MacKay, C; Wilson, F F; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Kyberd, P; McKemey, A K; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Chao, M; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; McMahon, S; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Schwanke, U; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Kuznetsova, N; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beringer, J; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Turri, M; Walkowiak, W; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dorsten, M P; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Barillari, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Clark, P J; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Roy, J; Smith, J G; Van Hoek, W C; Zhang, L; Harton, J L; Hu, T; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zhang, J; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Colberg, T; Dickopp, M; Dubitzky, R S; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Maly, E; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Wilden, L; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Khan, A; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Swain, J E; Tinslay, J; Bozzi, C; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Pastore, F C; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Morii, M; Grenier, G J; Lee, S J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Yi, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Bionta, R M; Brigljevic, V; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Kay, M; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Aspinwall, M L; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Eschrich, I; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Sanders, P; Taylor, G P; Back, J J; Bellodi, G; Harrison, P F; Shorthouse, H W; Strother, P; Vidal, P B; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; George, S; Green, M G; Kurup, A; Marker, C E; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Vaitsas, G; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, R J; Forti, A C; Hart, P A; Jackson, F; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Weatherall, J H; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Milek, M; Patel, P M; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Hast, C; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; LoSecco, J M; Gabriel, T A; Brau, B; Pulliam, T; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Iwasaki, M; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; Stark, J; T'Jampens, S; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Varnes, E W; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Leonardi, E; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Serra, M; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Xella, S M; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Langer, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Convery, M R; Coupal, D P; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graugès-Pous, E; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Jessop, C P; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Langenegger, U; Leith, D W G S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Menke, S; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Robertson, S H; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Tanaka, H A; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wright, D H; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Meyer, T I; Roat, C; Ahmed, S; Ernst, J A; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Borean, C; Bosisio, L; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Hu, H; Johnson, J R; Liu, R; Di Lodovico, F; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Sekula, S J; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu Sau Lan; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2003-01-01

    Using events in which one of two neutral B mesons from the decay of an Y(4S) resonance is fully reconstructed, we set limits on the lifetime difference between the two neutral-B mass eigenstates and on CP, T, and CPT violation in B0-B0bar mixing. Both CP and non-CP eigenstates were obtained from the 88 million Y(4S)->B0B0bar decays collected between 1999 and 2002 with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B-Factory at SLAC. We determine six independent parameters governing mixing (dm, dGamma/Gamma), CPT/CP violation (Re(z), Im(z)), and CP/T violation (Im\\lambda(CP), |q/p|), where \\lambda(CP) characterizes B0 and B0bar decays to states of charmonium plus K_S or K_L. The preliminary results are: sgn(Re\\lambda(CP))*dGamma/Gamma = -0.008+-0.037(stat)+-0.018(syst) [-0.084,0.068], |q/p| = 1.029+-0.013(stat)+-0.011(syst) [1.001,1.057], (Re\\lambda(CP)/|\\lambda (CP)|)*Rez = 0.014+-0.035(stat)+-0.034(syst) [-0.072,0.101], Imz = 0.038+-0.029(stat)+-0.025(syst) [-0.028, 0.104] . The values inside square brac...

  9. Prediction of a Zc(4000) D* anti D* state and relationship with the claimed Zc(4025)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After discussing the OZI suppression of one light meson exchange in the interaction of D* anti D* with isospin I = 1, we study the contribution of the two-pion exchange to the interaction and the exchange of heavy vectors, J/ψ for diagonal transitions D* anti D* and D* for transitions of D* anti D* to J/ψ ρ. We find these latter mechanisms to be weak, but enough to barely bind the system in J = 2 with a mass around 4000 MeV, while the effect of the two-pion exchange is a net attraction, though weaker than that from heavy-vector exchange. We discuss this state and try to relate it to the Zc (4025) state, above the D* anti D threshold, claimed in an experiment at BES from an enhancement of the D* anti D* distribution close to threshold. Together with the results from a recent reanalysis of the BES experiment showing that it is compatible with a J = 2 state below threshold around 3990 MeV, we conclude that the BES experiment could show the existence of the state that we find in our approach. (orig.)

  10. Measurements Of The Branching Fraction, Cp Asymmetry And Isospin Asymmetry Of The Radiative Penguin Decay Neutral B Meson Decays To Neutral Kaon(0) Resonance And A Search For The Decays B Meson Decays To Rho Photon And Neutral B Meson Decays To Omega Photon At Babar

    CERN Document Server

    Spradlin, P M

    2005-01-01

    Radiative penguin decays of B mesons provide a fertile ground for precision tests of the Standard Model. Because such decays must proceed through 1-loop or higher processes in Standard Model perturbation theory, they are quite rare and their amplitudes are particularly susceptible to interference from physics beyond the Standard Model. This thesis presents measurements carried out at the BABAR, experiment of the branching fraction B , CP asymmetry parameter ACP and isospin asymmetry parameter Δ0- of the radiative penguin decay B0 → K*0γ. The results of these measurements are BB0→K*0 g=3.92±0.20± 0.24×10-5 ACPB→K*g =-0.013±0.036±0.010 D0-B→K*g =0.050±0.045±0.037. The measurements are consistent with Standard Model predictions, but do not rule out future discovery of non- Standard Model deviations with an enlarged data set. This thesis also presents a related search for the r...

  11. Anti-D: mechanisms of action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ware, R E; Zimmerman, S A

    1998-01-01

    Immunoglobulin that recognizes and binds specifically to the erythrocyte D antigen (anti-D globulin, WinRho SDF; Nabi, Boca Raton, FL) has recently been shown to be an effective therapy for many patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Its mechanisms of action are not completely understood. Intravenous (IV) infusion of anti-D into a D-positive recipient leads to antibody coating of circulating erythrocytes that are cleared primarily by the spleen. This immune-mediated clearance of sensitized erythrocytes occupies the reticuloendothelial system and allows survival of antibody-coated platelets. Based on clinical observations, experimental data, and theoretical calculations, the efficacy of anti-D therapy in ITP depends on several factors that influence the amount of erythrocyte sensitization and the rate of immune-mediated erythrocyte clearance by the spleen. Antibody characteristics, including the antibody concentration, binding affinity, and dissociation constants, may be important, as well as the number of D-antigen binding sites on the erythrocytes. Although the primary mechanism of action of anti-D is believed to be immunologic blockade of Fc receptors (FcR) within the reticuloendothelial system (RES), other immunomodulatory effects are also possible. PMID:9523745

  12. Measurement of the mixing parameters of neutral charm mesons and search for indirect $CP$ violation with $D^0 \\to K^0_S \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ decays at LHCb

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2082358; Gersabeck, Marco

    The hadronic decay $D^0 \\to K^0_S \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ provides direct access to the measurement of the mixing parameters of the neutral charm meson system and allows to test for indirect $CP$ violation. Mixing is a time-dependent phenomenon for which the time evolution of the transition amplitude of a $D^0 \\, (\\bar{D}^0)$ decay to the final state $K^0_S\\pi^+\\pi^-$ has to be considered. The parameters driving those time-dependent oscillations are $x \\equiv (m_1-m_2)/\\Gamma$ and $y \\equiv (\\Gamma_1-\\Gamma_2)/(2\\Gamma)$. The $CP$ violation parameters $|q/p|$ and $\\phi=\\arg(q,p)$ describe the superposition of the flavour eigenstates $D^0$ and $\\bar{D}^0$ and of the physical eigenstates $D_1$ and $D_2$, $|D_{1,2}\\rangle = p |{D^0}\\rangle \\pm q |{\\bar{D}^0}\\rangle$. By measuring the time- and phase-space dependent distribution of $D^0 \\to K^0_S \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ decays, the mixing parameters can be extracted and a search for indirect $CP$ violation can be performed. This thesis reports a measurement of the mixing parameters a...

  13. Probing hot and dense matter production in heavy ion collisions via neutral mesons and photons with the ALICE detector at the LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Morreale, Astrid

    2014-01-01

    One of the key signatures of the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP) is the modification of hadron and direct photon spectra in heavy-ion collisions as compared to proton-proton (pp) collisions. Suppression of hadron production at high transverse momenta in heavy-ion collisions can be explained by the energy loss of the partons produced in the hard scattering processes which traverse the hot and dense QCD matter. The dependence of the observed suppression on the transverse momentum (pT ) of the measured hadron towards higher pT is an important input for the theoretical understanding of jet quenching effects in the QGP and the nature of energy loss. Another key observable which has helped establish the energy loss picture, is high pT direct photon production for which no suppression is expected. For low pT photon production, it is expected that thermal sources will lead to enhancement of direct photons. We report an overview of photon and neutral meson production measurements by the ALICE experiment at the LHC in heavy-i...

  14. Time-dependent CP violation measurements in neutral B meson to double-charm decays at the Japanese Belle experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roehrken, Markus

    2012-07-13

    The Belle and BaBar Collaborations experimentally established the existence of CP violating phenomena in the B meson system. In this PhD thesis, the measurements of the branching fraction and the time-dependent CP violation in B{sup 0}→D{sup +}D{sup -} decays based on the final data set of the Belle experiment are presented. Furthermore, the thesis comprises the corresponding measurements in B{sup 0}→D{sup *±}D{sup -+} decays to provide a direct comparison to a related decay. The final Belle data set contains 772 x 10{sup 6} B anti B pairs recorded on the Υ(4S)-resonance at the asymmetric-energy KEKB e{sup +}e{sup -}-collider. The measurement of the time evolution allows the experimental determination of time-dependent CP violating asymmetries. The results of the measurements of branching fractions are B(B{sup 0}→D{sup +}D{sup -})=(2.12±0.16(stat.)±0.18(syst.)) x 10{sup -4}; B(B{sup 0}→D{sup *±}D{sup -+})=(6.14±0.29(stat.)±0.50(syst.)) x 10{sup -4}. The results of the measurement of time-dependent CP violation in B{sup 0}→D{sup +}D{sup -} decays are S{sub D{sup +}D{sup -}}=-1.06{sup +0.21}{sub -0.14}(stat.)±0.08(syst.); C{sub D{sup +}D{sup -}}=-0.43±0.16(stat.)±0.05(syst.). This measurement excludes the conservation of CP symmetry in B{sup 0}→D{sup +}D{sup -} decays, equivalent to S{sub D{sup +}D{sup -}}=C{sub D{sup +}D{sup -}}=0, at a confidence level of 1-2.7 x 10{sup -5} corresponding to a significance of 4.2σ. The results of the measurement of time-dependent CP violation in B{sup 0}→D{sup *±}D{sup -+} decays are A{sub D{sup *}D}=+0.06±0.05(stat.)±0.02(syst.); S{sub D{sup *}D}=-0.78±0.15(stat.)±0.05(syst.); C{sub D{sup *}D}=-0.01±0.11(stat.)±0.04(syst.); ΔS{sub D{sup *}D}=-0.13±0.15(stat.)±0.04(syst.); ΔC{sub D{sup *}D}=+0.12±0.11(stat.)±0.03(syst.). This measurement excludes the conservation of CP symmetry in B{sup 0}→D{sup *±}D{sup -+} decays, equivalent to A{sub D{sup *}D}=S{sub D{sup *}D}=C{sub D{sup *}D}=0, at a

  15. Neutral B-meson mixing from three-flavor lattice QCD: Determination of the SU(3)-breaking ratio \\xi

    CERN Document Server

    Bazavov, A; Bouchard, C M; DeTar, C; Di Pierro, M; El-Khadra, A X; Evans, R T; Freeland, E D; Gamiz, E; Gottlieb, Steven; Heller, U M; Hetrick, J E; Jain, R; Kronfeld, A S; Laiho, J; Levkova, L; Mackenzie, P B; Neil, E T; Oktay, M B; Simone, J N; Sugar, R; Toussaint, D; Van de Water, R S

    2012-01-01

    We study SU(3)-breaking effects in the neutral B_d-\\bar B_d and B_s-\\bar B_s systems with unquenched N_f=2+1 lattice QCD. We calculate the relevant matrix elements on the MILC collaboration's gauge configurations with asqtad-improved staggered sea quarks. For the valence light-quarks (u, d, and s) we use the asqtad action, while for b quarks we use the Fermilab action. We obtain \\xi=f_{B_s}\\sqrt{B_{B_s}}/f_{B_d}\\sqrt{B_{B_d}}=1.268+-0.063. We also present results for the ratio of bag parameters B_{B_s}/B_{B_d} and the ratio of CKM matrix elements |V_{td}|/|V_{ts}|. Although we focus on the calculation of \\xi, the strategy and techniques described here will be employed in future extended studies of the B mixing parameters \\Delta M_{d,s} and \\Delta\\Gamma_{d,s} in the Standard Model and beyond.

  16. Study of the background noise generated by the accelerator PEP-2 with a CsI(Na) scanning ring. Study of mass difference between B neutral mesons by using BABAR detector and DI-leptons events; Etude du bruit de fond engendre par l'accelerateur PEP-2 avec un anneau de cristaux de CsI(Na). Etude des oscillations des mesons B neutres avec le detecteur BaBar en utilisant les evenements DI-Leptons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Domenico, G. de

    2000-06-14

    The first part of this report is dedicated to the CP-violation in the sector of B quarks and to its experimental proof through 2 major equipment: the B meson factory PEP-2 and the detector BABAR. The second part deals with the background noise generated by PEP-2. The third part presents the study of the oscillations of neutral B mesons with the detector BABAR. The study of the background noise shows important differences between the experimental data and the simulation. These differences are thought to be due on one hand to the lack of accuracy of pressure models that set the normalisation of the simulated background noise, and on the other hand to the absence of simulation of particles that undergo Coulomb diffusion and do more than a lap before bumping into the void tube. The second hypothesis is backed by the evaluation of the collimation effect of the beam that appears to be more important in experimental data than in the simulation. Among the main results given by the BABAR collaboration, the measurement of the oscillation frequency of the neutral B meson is very important. This measurement is based on semi-leptonic decays of B mesons in order to tag the favour of neutral B mesons at the very moment of their decay. The data analysis was performed over 2.3 10{sup 6} decays of B meson pairs and we obtained: {delta}m{sub d} = (0.495 {+-} 0.026 {+-} 0.023) {Dirac_h}ps{sup -1}. The accuracy on the value of {delta}m{sub d} could be improved by using tagging methods based on the semi-exclusive then exclusive reconstruction of neutral B mesons. (A.C.)

  17. Rhesus anti-D immunoglobulin in chronic autoimmune neuropathy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jager, AEJ; van der Hoeven, JH

    1998-01-01

    Objective - To investigate the effect of Rhesus anti-D immunoglobulin (anti-D) in patients with an autoimmune demyelinating neuropathy. Material and methods - Three patients with an autoimmune mediated neuropathy received 1000 IU anti-D weekly for 2 months. Results - Two patients worsened gradually

  18. Software package developments around TAPS multidetector: on-line management of GANIL data; mesons neutral identification with the help of neural networks; Developpements logiciels autour du multidetecteur TAPS: gestion en ligne des donnees au GANIL; reconnaissance de mesons neutres a l`aide de reseaux connexionnistes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lefevre, F.

    1993-02-01

    The photon multidetector system TAPS, a European collaboration, was installed for the second series of experiments at GANIL in the fall of 1992. It was used in conjunction with a multidetector for charged particles and the high resolution spectrometer SPEG. This experimental set-up is described. A dedicated software package, written in the PAW environment, for the online control and analysis of data has been developed and is described in detail. One aspect of the TAPS experimental program involves the detection of neutral mesons via two-photon decay. The identification by this decay channel is not trivial due to the so-called combinatorial background-the generation of photon pairs not associated with a meson decay. A method based on a neural network has been developed in order to aid in the extraction of the meson signal. The method is based on that of Hopfield and has been modified to incorporate the self-connection of cells. Our network is thus well suited to solve optimization problems where the initial state of the system represents the data constituting the problem. The performance of the network is presented using simulations and it is demonstrated that the signal-to-noise ratio can be improved given constraints on the solid angle of the detector and the correct identification of the photons.

  19. Near-side azimuthal and pseudorapidity correlations using neutral strange baryons and mesons in \\dAu, \\Cu and \\Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$~=~200~GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Abelev, B; Adkins, J K; Agakishiev, G; Aggarwal, M M; Ahammed, Z; Alekseev, I; Aparin, A; Arkhipkin, D; Aschenauer, E C; Attri, A; Averichev, G S; Bai, X; Bairathi, V; Barnby, L S; Bellwied, R; Bhasin, A; Bhati, A K; Bhattarai, P; Bielcik, J; Bielcikova, J; Bland, L C; Bombara, M; Bordyuzhin, I G; Bouchet, J; Brandenburg, J D; Brandin, A V; Bunzarov, I; Butterworth, J; Caines, H; Sánchez, M Calderón de la Barca; Campbell, J M; Cebra, D; Chakaberia, I; Chaloupka, P; Chang, Z; Chatterjee, A; Chattopadhyay, S; Chen, J H; Chen, X; Cheng, J; Cherney, M; Christie, W; Contin, G; Crawford, H J; Das, S; De Silva, L C; Debbe, R R; Dedovich, T G; Deng, J; Derevschikov, A A; di Ruzza, B; Didenko, L; Dilks, C; Dong, X; Drachenberg, J L; Draper, J E; Du, C M; Dunkelberger, L E; Dunlop, J C; Efimov, L G; Engelage, J; Eppley, G; Esha, R; Evdokimov, O; Eyser, O; Fatemi, R; Fazio, S; Federic, P; Fedorisin, J; Feng, Z; Filip, P; Fisyak, Y; Flores, C E; Fulek, L; Gagliardi, C A; Gaillard, L; Geurts, D Garand F; Gibson, A; Girard, M; Greiner, L; Grosnick, D; Gunarathne, D S; Guo, Y; Gupta, S; Gupta, A; Guryn, W; Hamad, A I; Hamed, A; Haque, R; Harris, J W; He, L; Heppelmann, S; Hirsch, A; Hoffmann, G W; Horvat, S; Huang, T; Huang, X; Huang, B; Huang, H Z; Huck, P; Humanic, T J; Igo, G; Jacobs, W W; Jang, H; Jentsch, A; Jia, J; Jiang, K; Jones, P G; Judd, E G; Kabana, S; Kalinkin, D; Kang, K; Kauder, K; Ke, H W; Keane, D; Kechechyan, A; Khan, Z H; Kikoła, D P; Kisel, I; Kisiel, A; Kochenda, L; Koetke, D D; Kosarzewski, L K; Kraishan, A F; Kravtsov, P; Krueger, K; Kumar, L; Lamont, M A C; Landgraf, J M; Landry, K D; Lauret, J; Lebedev, A; Lednicky, R; Lee, J H; Li, X; Li, C; Li, Y; Li, W; Lin, T; Lisa, M A; Liu, F; Ljubicic, T; Llope, W J; Lomnitz, M; Longacre, R S; Luo, X; Ma, R; Ma, G L; Ma, Y G; Ma, L; Magdy, N; Majka, R; Manion, A; Margetis, S; Markert, C; Matis, H S; McDonald, D; McKinzie, S; Meehan, K; Mei, J C; Minaev, N G; Mioduszewski, S; Mishra, D; Mohanty, B; Mondal, M M; Morozov, D A; Mustafa, M K; Nandi, B K; Nattrass, C; Nasim, Md; Nayak, T K; Nigmatkulov, G; Niida, T; Nogach, L V; Noh, S Y; Novak, J; Nurushev, S B; Odyniec, G; Ogawa, A; Oh, K; Okorokov, V A; Olvitt, D; Page, B S; Pak, R; Pan, Y X; Pandit, Y; Panebratsev, Y; Pawlik, B; Pei, H; Perkins, C; Pile, P; Pluta, J; Poniatowska, K; Porter, J; Posik, M; Poskanzer, A M; Pruthi, N K; Putschke, J; Qiu, H; Quintero, A; Ramachandran, S; Raniwala, S; Raniwala, R; Ray, R L; Ritter, H G; Roberts, J B; Rogachevskiy, O V; Romero, J L; Ruan, L; Rusnak, J; Rusnakova, O; Sahoo, N R; Sahu, P K; Sakrejda, I; Salur, S; Sandweiss, J; Sarkar, A; Schambach, J; Scharenberg, R P; Schmah, A M; Schmidke, W B; Schmitz, N; Seger, J; Seyboth, P; Shah, N; Shahaliev, E; Shanmuganathan, P V; Shao, M; Sharma, A; Sharma, B; Sharma, M K; Shen, W Q; Shi, Z; Shi, S S; Shou, Q Y; Sichtermann, E P; Sikora, R; Simko, M; Singha, S; Skoby, M J; Smirnov, N; Smirnov, D; Solyst, W; Song, L; Sorensen, P; Spinka, H M; Srivastava, B; Stanislaus, T D S; Stepanov, M; Stock, R; Strikhanov, M; Stringfellow, B; Sumbera, M; Summa, B; Sun, Z; Sun, X M; Sun, Y; Surrow, B; Svirida, D N; Tang, Z; Tang, A H; Tarnowsky, T; Tawfik, A; Thäder, J; Thomas, J H; Timmins, A R; Tlusty, D; Todoroki, T; Tokarev, M; Trentalange, S; Tribble, R E; Tribedy, P; Tripathy, S K; Tsai, O D; Ullrich, T; Underwood, D G; Upsal, I; Van Buren, G; van Nieuwenhuizen, G; Vandenbroucke, M; Varma, R; Vasiliev, A N; Vertesi, R; Videbæ, F; Vokal, S; Voloshin, S A; Vossen, A; Wang, F; Wang, G; Wang, J S; Wang, H; Wang, Y; Webb, G; Webb, J C; Wen, L; Westfall, G D; Wieman, H; Wissink, S W; Witt, R; Wu, Y; Xiao, Z G; Xie, W; Xie, G; Xin, K; Xu, Y F; Xu, Q H; Xu, N; Xu, H; Xu, Z; Xu, J; Yang, S; Yang, Y; Yang, C; Yang, Q; Ye, Z; Yepes, P; Yi, L; Yip, K; Yoo, I -K; Yu, N; Zbroszczyk, H; Zha, W; Zhang, X P; Zhang, Y; Zhang, J; Zhang, S; Zhang, Z; Zhang, J B; Zhao, J; Zhong, C; Zhou, L; Zhu, X; Zoulkarneeva, Y; Zyzak, M

    2016-01-01

    We present measurements of the near-side of triggered di-hadron correlations using neutral strange baryons ($\\Lambda$, $\\bar{\\Lambda}$) and mesons ($K^0_S$) at intermediate transverse momentum (3~$<$~$p_T$~$<$~6~GeV/$c$) to look for possible flavor and baryon/meson dependence. This study is performed in $d$+Au, Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{{NN}}}$ = 200 GeV measured by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The near-side di-hadron correlation contains two structures, a peak which is narrow in azimuth and pseudorapidity consistent with correlations due to jet fragmentation, and a correlation in azimuth which is broad in pseudorapidity. The particle composition of the jet-like correlation is determined using identified associated particles. The dependence of the conditional yield of the jet-like correlation on the trigger particle momentum, associated particle momentum, and centrality for correlations with unidentified trigger particles are presented. The neutral strange particle composition in jet-like ...

  20. The Effects of Charged Charm Mesons on the Line Shapes of the X(3872)

    OpenAIRE

    Braaten, Eric; Lu, Meng

    2007-01-01

    The quantum numbers J^PC = 1++ of the X(3872) and the proximity of its mass to the D*0 anti-D0 threshold imply that it is either a loosely-bound hadronic molecule whose constituents are a superposition of D*0 anti-D0 and D0 anti-D*0 or it is a virtual state of charm mesons. The line shapes of the X(3872) can discriminate between these two possibilities. At energies within a few MeV of the D*0 anti-D0 threshold, the lines shapes of the X produced in B -> K transitions are determined by its bin...

  1. Anti-D prophylaxis: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Haas, M; Finning, K; Massey, E; Roberts, D J

    2014-02-01

    The new British Committee for Standards in Haematology (BCSH) guidelines for the use of anti-D immunoglobulin in pregnancy provide a welcome clarification of the use of anti-D in ectopic pregnancy and after red cell salvage during caesarean section, of dosing with different preparations and distinguishing non-immune and immune anti-D. The routine use of anti-D prophylaxis (RAADP) to prevent Rhesus (Rh) D alloimmunisation during the third trimester is well established and requires careful and well-audited local implementation to achieve the maximum public health benefit. In the UK, such scrutiny may be provided by the reporting of failed anti-D prophylaxis at women who have produced an immune anti-D that is detectable for the first time in the current pregnancy through the voluntary Serious Hazards of Transfusion reporting scheme (SHOT). Application of fetal RHD genotyping would avoid giving anti-D to RhD negative women carrying an RhD negative fetus. RAADP is directed by fetal RHD genotyping in some countries in Northern Europe led by the Netherlands and Denmark. The economic case for RAADP directed by fetal RHD genotyping needs to be carefully evaluated and in England is under consideration by National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Possible future developments include the use of monoclonal anti-D preparations, now in advanced clinical trials, and also testing the hypothesis that directed RAADP from early in the second trimester may further reduce anti-D immunisation. PMID:25121157

  2. Anti-D prophylaxis: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Haas, M; Finning, K; Massey, E; Roberts, D J

    2014-02-01

    The new British Committee for Standards in Haematology (BCSH) guidelines for the use of anti-D immunoglobulin in pregnancy provide a welcome clarification of the use of anti-D in ectopic pregnancy and after red cell salvage during caesarean section, of dosing with different preparations and distinguishing non-immune and immune anti-D. The routine use of anti-D prophylaxis (RAADP) to prevent Rhesus (Rh) D alloimmunisation during the third trimester is well established and requires careful and well-audited local implementation to achieve the maximum public health benefit. In the UK, such scrutiny may be provided by the reporting of failed anti-D prophylaxis at women who have produced an immune anti-D that is detectable for the first time in the current pregnancy through the voluntary Serious Hazards of Transfusion reporting scheme (SHOT). Application of fetal RHD genotyping would avoid giving anti-D to RhD negative women carrying an RhD negative fetus. RAADP is directed by fetal RHD genotyping in some countries in Northern Europe led by the Netherlands and Denmark. The economic case for RAADP directed by fetal RHD genotyping needs to be carefully evaluated and in England is under consideration by National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Possible future developments include the use of monoclonal anti-D preparations, now in advanced clinical trials, and also testing the hypothesis that directed RAADP from early in the second trimester may further reduce anti-D immunisation.

  3. D-mesons and charmonium states in hot isospin asymmetric strange hadronic matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumar, Arvind; Mishra, Amruta [Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas, Department of Physics, New Delhi (India)

    2011-12-15

    We study the properties of D and anti D mesons in hot isospin asymmetric strange hadronic matter, arising due to their interactions with the hadrons in the hyperonic medium. The interactions of D and anti D mesons with these light hadrons are derived by generalizing the chiral SU(3) model used for the study of hyperonic matter to SU(4). The nucleons, hyperons, the scalar isoscalar meson, {sigma} and the scalar-isovector meson, {delta} as modified in the strange hadronic matter, modify the masses of D and anti D mesons. It is found that, as compared to the anti D mesons (anti D{sup 0}, D{sup -}), the properties of the D mesons (D{sup 0}, D {sup +}) are more sensitive to the isospin asymmetry at high densities. On the other hand, the effects of strangeness fraction are found to be more dominant for the anti D mesons as compared to the D mesons and these modifications are observed to be particularly appreciable at high densities. We also study the mass modifications of the charmonium states J/{psi}, {psi}(3686) and {psi}(3770) in the isospin asymmetric strange hadronic matter at finite temperatures and investigate the possibility of the decay of the charmonium states into D anti D pairs in the hot hadronic medium. The mass modifications of these charmonium states arise due to their interaction with the gluon condensates of QCD, simulated by a scalar dilaton field introduced to incorporate the broken scale invariance of QCD within the effective chiral model. The effects of finite quark masses are taken into account in the trace of the energy momentum tensor in QCD, while investigating the medium modification of the charmonium masses through the modification of the gluon condensate in the medium. We also compute the partial decay widths of the charmonium states to the D anti D pairs in the hadronic medium. The strong dependence on density of the in-medium properties of the D, anti D and the charmonium states, as well as the partial decay widths of charmonium states to D

  4. The D-D¯ mesons matter in Walecka's mean field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Farias Freire, M. L.; Rodrigues da Silva, R.

    2010-11-01

    We study the D-D¯ mesons matter in the framework of σ and ω meson exchange model using Walecka's mean field theory. We choose the equal number of D and anti-D meson then we get = 0 and the field exhibits a critical temperature around 1.2 GeV. We investigate effective mass and pressure. We conclude that this matter is a gas and these results are not favorable for the existence of D-D¯ bound state.

  5. Measurement of neutral mesons in p+p collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

    CERN Document Server

    Adare, A; Aidala, C; Ajitanand, N N; Akiba, Y; Al-Bataineh, H; Alexander, J; Aoki, K; Aphecetche, L; Armendariz, R; Aronson, S H; Asai, J; Atomssa, E T; Averbeck, R; Awes, T C; Azmoun, B; Babintsev, V; Bai, M; Baksay, G; Baksay, L; Baldisseri, A; Barish, K N; Barnes, P D; Bassalleck, B; Basye, A T; Bathe, S; Batsouli, S; Baublis, V; Baumann, C; Bazilevsky, A; Belikov, S; Bennett, R; Berdnikov, A; Berdnikov, Y; Bickley, A A; Boissevain, J G; Borel, H; Boyle, K; Brooks, M L; Buesching, H; Bumazhnov, V; Bunce, G; Butsyk, S; Camacho, C M; Campbell, S; Chang, B S; Chang, W C; Charvet, J -L; Chernichenko, S; Chiba, J; Chi, C Y; Chiu, M; Choi, I J; Choudhury, R K; Chujo, T; Chung, P; Churyn, A; Cianciolo, V; Citron, Z; Cleven, C R; Cole, B A; Comets, M P; Constantin, P; Csanád, M; Csörgő, T; Dahms, T; Dairaku, S; Das, K; David, G; Deaton, M B; Dehmelt, K; Delagrange, H; Denisov, A; d'Enterria, D; Deshpande, A; Desmond, E J; Dietzsch, O; Dion, A; Donadelli, M; Drapier, O; Drees, A; Drees, K A; Dubey, A K; Durum, A; Dutta, D; Dzhordzhadze, V; Efremenko, Y V; Egdemir, J; Ellinghaus, F; Emam, W S; Engelmore, T; Enokizono, A; En'yo, H; Esumi, S; Eyser, K O; Fadem, B; Fields, D E; Finger, M; Jr.,; Finger, M; Fleuret, F; Fokin, S L; Fraenkel, Z; Frantz, J E; Franz, A; Frawley, A D; Fujiwara, K; Fukao, Y; Fusayasu, T; Gadrat, S; Garishvili, I; Glenn, A; Gong, H; Gonin, M; Gosset, J; Goto, Y; de Cassagnac, R Granier; Grau, N; Greene, S V; Perdekamp, M Grosse; Gunji, T; Gustafsson, H -Å; Hachiya, T; Henni, A Hadj; Haegemann, C; Haggerty, J S; Hamagaki, H; Han, R; Harada, H; Hartouni, E P; Haruna, K; Haslum, E; Hayano, R; Heffner, M; Hemmick, T K; Hester, T; He, X; Hiejima, H; Hill, J C; Hobbs, R; Hohlmann, M; Holzmann, W; Homma, K; Hong, B; Horaguchi, T; Hornback, D; Huang, S; Ichihara, T; Ichimiya, R; Iinuma, H; Ikeda, Y; Imai, K; Imrek, J; Inaba, M; Inoue, Y; Isenhower, D; Isenhower, L; Ishihara, M; Isobe, T; Issah, M; Isupov, A; Ivanischev, D; Jacak, B V; Jia, J; Jin, J; Jinnouchi, O; Johnson, B M; Joo, K S; Jouan, D; Kajihara, F; Kametani, S; Kamihara, N; Kamin, J; Kaneta, M; Kang, J H; Kanou, H; Kapustinsky, J; Kawall, D; Kazantsev, A V; Kempel, T; Khanzadeev, A; Kijima, K M; Kikuchi, J; Kim, B I; Kim, D H; Kim, D J; Kim, E; Kim, S H; Kinney, E; Kiriluk, K; Kiss, Á; Kistenev, E; Kiyomichi, A; Klay, J; Klein-Boesing, C; Kochenda, L; Kochetkov, V; Komkov, B; Konno, M; Koster, J; Kotchetkov, D; Kozlov, A; Král, A; Kravitz, A; Kubart, J; Kunde, G J; Kurihara, N; Kurita, K; Kurosawa, M; Kweon, M J; Kwon, Y; Kyle, G S; Lacey, R; Lai, Y S; Lajoie, J G; Layton, D; Lebedev, A; Lee, D M; Lee, K B; Lee, M K; Lee, T; Leitch, M J; Leite, M A L; Lenzi, B; Liebing, P; Liška, T; Litvinenko, A; Liu, H; Liu, M X; Li, X; Love, B; Lynch, D; Maguire, C F; Makdisi, Y I; Malakhov, A; Malik, M D; Manko, V I; Mannel, E; Mao, Y; Mašek, L; Masui, H; Matathias, F; McCumber, M; McGaughey, P L; Means, N; Meredith, B; Miake, Y; Mikeš, P; Miki, K; Miller, T E; Milov, A; Mioduszewski, S; Mishra, M; Mitchell, J T; Mitrovski, M; Mohanty, A K; Morino, Y; Morreale, A; Morrison, D P; Moukhanova, T V; Mukhopadhyay, D; Murata, J; Nagamiya, S; Nagata, Y; Nagle, J L; Naglis, M; Nagy, M I; Nakagawa, I; Nakamiya, Y; Nakamura, T; Nakano, K; Newby, J; Nguyen, M; Niita, T; Norman, B E; Nouicer, R; Nyanin, A S; O'Brien, E; Oda, S X; Ogilvie, C A; Ohnishi, H; Okada, K; Oka, M; Omiwade, O O; Onuki, Y; Oskarsson, A; Ouchida, M; Ozawa, K; Pak, R; Pal, D; Palounek, A P T; Pantuev, V; Papavassiliou, V; Park, J; Park, W J; Pate, S F; Pei, H; Peng, J -C; Pereira, H; Peresedov, V; Peressounko, D Yu; Pinkenburg, C; Purschke, M L; Purwar, A K; Qu, H; Rak, J; Rakotozafindrabe, A; Ravinovich, I; Read, K F; Rembeczki, S; Reuter, M; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Romana, A; Rosati, M; Rosendahl, S S E; Rosnet, P; Rukoyatkin, P; Ružička, P; Rykov, V L; Sahlmueller, B; Saito, N; Sakaguchi, T; Sakai, S; Sakashita, K; Sakata, H; Samsonov, V; Sato, S; Sato, T; Sawada, S; Sedgwick, K; Seele, J; Seidl, R; Semenov, A Yu; Semenov, V; Seto, R; Sharma, D; Shein, I; Shevel, A; Shibata, T -A; Shigaki, K; Shimomura, M; Shoji, K; Shukla, P; Sickles, A; Silva, C L; Silvermyr, D; Silvestre, C; Sim, K S; Singh, B K; Singh, C P; Singh, V; Skutnik, S; Slunečka, M; Soldatov, A; Soltz, R A; Sondheim, W E; Sorensen, S P; Sourikova, I V; Staley, F; Stankus, P W; Stenlund, E; Stepanov, M; Ster, A; Stoll, S P; Sugitate, T; Suire, C; Sukhanov, A; Sziklai, J; Tabaru, T; Takagi, S; Takagui, E M; Taketani, A; Tanabe, R; Tanaka, Y; Tanida, K; Tannenbaum, M J; Taranenko, A; Tarján, P; Themann, H; Thomas, T L; Togawa, M; Toia, A; Tojo, J; Tomášek, L; Tomita, Y; Torii, H; Towell, R S; Tram, V-N; Tserruya, I; Tsuchimoto, Y; Vale, C; Valle, H; van Hecke, H W; Veicht, A; Velkovska, J; Vértesi, R; Vinogradov, A A; Virius, M; Vrba, V; Vznuzdaev, E; Wagner, M; Walker, D

    2010-01-01

    The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of K^0_S , \\omega, \\eta prime, and \\phi mesons in p + p collisions at = 200 GeV. Measurements \\omega and \\phi production in different decay channels give consistent results. New results for the \\phi are in agreement with previously published data and extend the measured pT coverage. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions measured by PHENIX are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, n and T, determining the high-pT and characterizing the low-pT regions of the spectra, respectively. The values of these parameters are very similar for all analyzed meson spectra, but with a lower parameter T extracted for protons. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

  6. Monitoring and treatment of anti-D in pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bettelheim, D; Panzer, S; Reesink, H W;

    2010-01-01

    Prophylactic anti-D is a very safe and effective therapy for the suppression of anti-D immunization and thus prevention of haemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn. However, migration from countries with low health standards and substantial cuts in public health expenses have increased the in...

  7. Measurement of neutral mesons in p+p collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

    OpenAIRE

    Adare, A.; Afanasiev, S.; Aidala, C.; Ajitanand, N. N.; Akiba, Y; Al-Bataineh, H.; Alexander, J.; Aoki, K.; Aphecetche, L.; Armendariz, R.; Aronson, S. H.; Asai, J.; Atomssa, E. T.; Averbeck, R.; Awes, T. C.

    2010-01-01

    The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of K^0_S , \\omega, \\eta prime, and \\phi mesons in p + p collisions at = 200 GeV. Measurements \\omega and \\phi production in different decay channels give consistent results. New results for the \\phi are in agreement with previously published data and extend the measured pT coverage. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions measured by PHE...

  8. D mesons in a magnetic field

    CERN Document Server

    Gubler, Philipp; Lee, Su Houng; Oka, Makoto; Ozaki, Sho; Suzuki, Kei

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the mass spectra of open heavy flavor mesons in an external constant magnetic field within QCD sum rules. Spectral ans\\"atze on the phenomenological side are proposed in order to properly take into account mixing effects between the pseudoscalar and vector channels, and the Landau levels of charged mesons. The operator product expansion is implemented up to dimension--5 operators. As a result, we find for neutral D mesons a significant positive mass shift that goes beyond simple mixing effects. In contrast, charged D mesons are further subject to Landau level effects, which together with the mixing effects almost completely saturate the mass shifts obtained in our sum rule analysis.

  9. Anti-D3's - Singular to the Bitter End

    OpenAIRE

    Iosif Bena; Mariana Grana; Stanislav Kuperstein(Institut de Physique Théorique, CEA Saclay, CNRS URA 2306, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France); Stefano Massai

    2012-01-01

    We study the full backreaction of anti-D3 branes smeared over the tip of the deformed conifold. Requiring the 5-form flux and warp factor at the tip to be that of anti-D3 branes, we find a simple power counting argument showing that if the three-form fluxes have no IR singularity, they will be necessarily imaginary-anti-self-dual. Hence the only solution with anti-D3 branes at the tip of the conifold that is regular in the IR and the UV is the anti-Klebanov-Strassler solution, and there is no...

  10. Supersymmetric D2 anti-D2 Strings

    OpenAIRE

    Bak, Dongsu; Ohta, Nobuyoshi

    2001-01-01

    We consider the flat supersymmetric D2 and anti-D2 system, which follows from ordinary noncommutative D2 anti-D2 branes by turning on an appropriate worldvolume electric field describing dissolved fundamental strings. We study the strings stretched between D2 and anti-D2 branes and show explicitly that the would-be tachyonic states become massless. We compute the string spectrum and clarify the induced noncommutativity on the worldvolume. The results are compared with the matrix theory descri...

  11. Novel sources of Flavor Changed Neutral Currents in the 331{sub RHN} model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cogollo, D.; Vital de Andrade, A. [Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Departamento de Fisica, Caixa Postal 10071, Campina Grande, Paraiba (Brazil); Queiroz, F.S. [Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Departamento de Fisica, Caixa Postal 10071, Campina Grande, Paraiba (Brazil); Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Center for Particle Astrophysics, Batavia, IL (United States); Teles, P.R. [Universidade Federal do ABC, Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Humanas, Santo Andre, SP (Brazil)

    2012-05-15

    Sources of Flavor Changed Neutral Currents (FCNC) emerge naturally from a well motivated framework called 3-3-1 with right-handed neutrinos model, 331{sub RHN} for short, mediated by an extra neutral gauge boson Z '. Following previous work we calculate these sources and in addition we derive new ones coming from CP-even and -odd neutral scalars which appear due to their non-diagonal interactions with the physical standard quarks. Furthermore, by using 4 texture zeros for the quark mass matrices, we derive the mass difference terms for the neutral mesons systems K {sup 0}- anti K{sup 0}, D {sup 0}- anti D{sup 0} and B {sup 0}- anti B{sup 0} and show that, though one can discern that the Z' contribution is the most relevant one for mesons oscillations purposes, scalar contributions play a role also in this processes and hence it is worthwhile to investigate them and derive new bounds on space of parameters. In particular, studying the B {sup 0}- anti B{sup 0} system we set the bounds M{sub Z'}>or similar 4.2 TeV and M{sub S{sub 2}},M{sub I{sub 3}}>or similar 7.5 TeV in order to be consistent with the current measurements. (orig.)

  12. Safety profile of WinRho anti-D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, F; Ruiz, R; Price, H; Griffiths, A; Malinoski, F; Woloski, M

    1998-01-01

    WinRho anti-D is manufactured with multiple processes to minimize the risk of transmitting blood-borne diseases such as viruses. These safety features include donor selection, plasma testing, solvent-detergent viral inactivation, and nanofiltration. To date, there has not been any case of viral transmission in association with use of WinRho anti-D. Adverse drug reactions are infrequent and generally mild; the most common are headache, fever, and chills. Some degree of hemolysis is inevitable due to the mechanism of action of WinRho anti-D, but this is predictable and transient. A few cases of intravascular hemolysis have been reported; hypersensitivity reactions are very rare. WinRho anti-D has been shown in both clinical trials and postmarketing surveillance to be safe and effective in the treatment of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and in the prevention of Rh isoimmunization. PMID:9523744

  13. Management of hypersensitivity reactions to anti-D immunoglobulin preparations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutkowski, K; Nasser, S M

    2014-11-01

    RhD immunoglobulin G (anti-D) administered to pregnant Rh(-) women prevents Rh isoimmunization. Its use has significantly reduced the incidence of haemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn previously responsible for one death in every 2200 births. In pregnancy, acute drug-induced hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylaxis can have serious deleterious effects on the mother and foetus/neonate. Women can be erroneously labelled as drug allergic as the investigation of hypersensitivity reactions in pregnancy is complex and drug challenges are usually contraindicated. We present three cases of suspected anti-D hypersensitivity clinically presenting as anaphylaxis and delayed transfusion-related reaction. We also propose a new algorithm for the investigations of such reaction. It relies on detailed history, cautious interpretation of skin tests, foetal Rh genotyping from maternal blood and, in some cases, anti-D challenges. This is not to deprive women of anti-D which might put their future pregnancies at risk. PMID:25066207

  14. B decays into a scalar/tensor meson in pursuit of determining the CKM angle {gamma}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Wei

    2012-09-15

    In this work, I suggest a new way for determining the CKM angle {gamma} via B decays into a scalar/tensor meson without any hadronic uncertainty. The proposed idea makes profits of the two triangles formed by the B{sup {+-}}{yields}(D{sup 0}, anti D{sup 0},D{sup 0}{sub CP})K{sup *{+-}}{sub 0(2)}(1430) decay amplitudes. The advantages in it are large CP asymmetries and the avoidance of the use of doubly Cabibbo-suppressed D decays. Branching ratios of B{sup {+-}}{yields}(D{sup 0}, anti D{sup 0},D{sup 0}{sub CP})K{sup *{+-}}{sub 0(2)}(1430) are estimated to have the order 10{sup -6}-10{sup -5} and therefore measurable by the ongoing LHCb experiment and future experimental facilities. The usefulness of other related channels, for instance the neutral B{sub d} decays into DK{sup *}{sub 0(2)}(1430) and B{sub s}{yields}(D{sup 0}, anti D{sup 0})M (M=f{sub 0}(980),f{sub 0}(1370),f{sup '}{sub 2}(1525),f{sub 1}(1285),f{sub 1}(1420),h{sub 1}(1180)), the B{yields}D{sup -+}a{sup {+-}}{sub 0,2} for the extraction of {gamma}+2{beta} and the B{sub s}{yields}D{sup -+}K{sup *{+-}}{sub 0,2} to access {gamma}+2{beta}{sub s}, is also discussed in brevity.

  15. Top mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fabiano, N. [Perugia, Univ. (Italy)]|[INFN, Frascati (Italy). Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati

    1997-03-01

    The possibility of formation for a bound state of a t quark and a lighter one is investigated using potential model predictions and heavy quark effective theory approach. Resulting estimates for the 1S-2S splitting of the energy levels are compared to the total top decay width {Gamma}{sub t}. As for the case of toponium, their conclusions show that the probability of formation for T-mesons is negligibly small due to the high top mass value.

  16. States of ρ D{sup *} anti D{sup *} with J = 3 within the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bayar, M. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Izmit (Turkey); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Ren, Xiu-Lei [Beihang University, School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering and International Research Center for Nuclei and Particles in the Cosmos, Beijing (China); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Oset, E. [Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain)

    2015-05-15

    We study the interaction of ρ, D* and anti D* with spins aligned using the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations. We select a cluster of D{sup *} anti D{sup *}, which is found to be bound in I = 0 and can be associated to the X(3915), and let the ρ meson orbit around the D* and anti D*. In this case we find an I = 1 state with mass around 4340 MeV and narrow width of about 50 MeV. We also investigate the case with a cluster of ρD* and let the anti D* orbit around the system of the two states. The ρD* cluster is also found to bind and leads to the D{sub 2}{sup *} state. The addition of the extra anti D* produces further binding and we find, with admitted uncertainties, a state of I = 0 around 4000 MeV, and a less bound narrow state with I = 1 around 4200 MeV. (orig.)

  17. Prediction of a Z{sub c}(4000) D* anti D* state and relationship with the claimed Z{sub c}(4025)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aceti, F.; Oset, E. [Universidad de Valencia y IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Valencia (Spain); Bayar, M. [Universidad de Valencia y IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Valencia (Spain); Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Izmit (Turkey); Dias, J.M. [Universidad de Valencia y IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Valencia (Spain); Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto de Fisica (Brazil)

    2014-06-15

    After discussing the OZI suppression of one light meson exchange in the interaction of D* anti D* with isospin I = 1, we study the contribution of the two-pion exchange to the interaction and the exchange of heavy vectors, J/ψ for diagonal transitions D* anti D* and D* for transitions of D* anti D* to J/ψ ρ. We find these latter mechanisms to be weak, but enough to barely bind the system in J = 2 with a mass around 4000 MeV, while the effect of the two-pion exchange is a net attraction, though weaker than that from heavy-vector exchange. We discuss this state and try to relate it to the Z{sub c} (4025) state, above the D* anti D threshold, claimed in an experiment at BES from an enhancement of the D* anti D* distribution close to threshold. Together with the results from a recent reanalysis of the BES experiment showing that it is compatible with a J = 2 state below threshold around 3990 MeV, we conclude that the BES experiment could show the existence of the state that we find in our approach. (orig.)

  18. D/antiD Dark Energy in String Warped Compactification

    CERN Document Server

    Piao, Y S

    2005-01-01

    We study the evolution of relic D3-branes in the bulk after D3/antiD3-brane inflation in string warped compactification. The motion of D3-branes can be frozen under certain condition during radiation/matter domination, and will be relaxed until D3/antiD3-branes potential starts to dominate the universe at late time. These relic D3-branes will be attract and move toward to antiD3-branes with the role of uplifting AdS minimum to dS's near the apex of throats. This provides a rapid channel inducing to the subsiding of dS vacuum with observed value. We discuss the required parameter spaces and calculate the decay time for this process.

  19. Review on D0-antiD0 mixing

    OpenAIRE

    Vidal, Fernando Martinez; Collaboration, on behalf the BaBar

    2009-01-01

    We review the current status of D0-antiD0 mixing, with special emphasis in the most recent results. We begin with a discussion of charm mixing and CP violation phenomenology, the evolution with the decay proper time, and physics processes contributing to these. Then we follow with the summary of the main experimental techniques and the results in the various final states. We make use of the analysis reporting the first evidence of D0-antiD0 mixing by BaBar in D0 -> K+ pi- decays as a textbook...

  20. Tachyon condensation in unbalanced D-anti D system

    OpenAIRE

    Ishida, Akira; Uehara, Shozo; Yada, Tomoki

    2006-01-01

    The tachyon condensation is studied in asymmetric D-anti D systems. Taking a system of two pairs of D5-anti D5 in type IIB superstring theory in the background of large N D5-branes, we show that one BPS D1-brane comes out after the condensation. It is also seen that the BPS D1-brane feels no force from the background D5-branes. We also show that the inclusion of the fluctuation fields gives an expected Dirac-Born-Infeld (DBI) action of the resultant D1-brane. On the other hand, in the case of...

  1. Meson photoproduction (CLAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steffen Strauch

    2009-10-01

    This is a brief and selective discussion of meson photoproduction measurements with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at Jefferson Lab. Meson photo- production is being used as a tool for various investigations, including the spectroscopy of baryons and mesons and the search for vector-meson medium modifications.

  2. Meson Spectroscopy at COMPASS

    CERN Document Server

    Grube, Boris

    2015-01-01

    The COmmon Muon and Proton Apparatus for Structure and Spectroscopy (COMPASS) is a multi-purpose fixed-target experiment at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) aimed at studying the structure and spectrum of hadrons. The two-stage spectrometer has a good acceptance for charged as well as neutral particles over a wide kinematic range and thus allows to access a wide range of reactions. Light mesons are studied with negative (mostly $\\pi^-$) and positive ($p$, $\\pi^+$) hadron beams with a momentum of 190 GeV/$c$. The spectrum of light mesons is investigated in various final states produced in diffractive dissociation reactions at squared four-momentum transfers to the target between 0.1 and 1.0 $(\\text{GeV}/c)^2$. The flagship channel is the $\\pi^-\\pi^+\\pi^-$ final state, for which COMPASS has recorded the currently largest data sample. These data not only allow to measure the properties of known resonances with high precision, but also to search for new states. Among these is a new resonance-like signal, t...

  3. Meson Spectroscopy at COMPASS

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2016-01-01

    The goal of the COMPASS experiment at CERN is to study the structure and dynamics of hadrons. The two-stage spectrometer used by the experiment has large acceptance and covers a wide kinematic range for charged as well as neutral particles and can therefore measure a wide range of reactions. The spectroscopy of light mesons is performed with negative (mostly $\\pi^-$) and positive ($p$, $\\pi^+$) hadron beams with a momentum of 190 GeV/$c$. The light-meson spectrum is measured in different final states produced in diffractive dissociation reactions with squared four-momentum transfer $t$ to the target between 0.1 and 1.0 $(\\text{GeV}/c)^2$. The flagship channel is the $\\pi^-\\pi^-\\pi^+$ final state, for which COMPASS has recorded the currently world's largest data sample. These data not only allow to measure the properties of known resonances with high precision, but also to observe new states. Among these is a new axial-vector signal, the $a_1(1420)$, with unusual properties. Novel analysis techniques have been...

  4. Collective and individual processes of sub-threshold particles production. Pions neutral and η mesons production in the Ar+Ca 180 A MeV reaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subject of this work is the study of the collective processes and individual nucleon-nucleon collisions Involved in sub-threshold particles production. For this purpose, aad for the first time, neutral pions and etas have been simultaneously measured well below the free nucleon-nucleon threshold, in the reaction Ar+Ca at 180 A MeV. This experiment has been performed at GSI with the multidetector TAPS. The measured eta probability seems to be 20 times lower than expected from the systematics. Surprisingly, the mt scaling law appears to be still valid at so low energy. Experimental results point out that most of the observed pions are mediated by Δ resonances. Finally, the high mt pions multiplicity increases much faster than low mt pion multiplicity with the number of participants. This fact is a strong evidence of the role of collective and cooperative processes for the production of energetic particles beyond the picture of particles produced in first chance nucleon-nucleon collisions. Experimental results have been confronted to the predictions of two dynamical and one statistical models, but these models fail to provide a consistent picture of the processes involved in sub-threshold particle production. (author)

  5. Beauty meson decays to charmonium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ershov, Alexey Valerievich

    2001-10-01

    We study decays of beauty (B) mesons into the final states containing charmonium mesons. The data were collected by the CLEO experiment at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring from 1990 to 1999. First, we describe a technique that significantly improves the reconstruction efficiency for decays of J/ y and y (2S) mesons into a pair of leptons. This reconstruction method is used in all the analyses presented in this dissertation. Then we present a study of B decays to the χc 1 and χc2 charmonium states and compare our results with the predictions of different theoretical models of charmonium production. After that we report the first observation of the decay B --> J/ y φK, which is the first B meson decay requiring a creation of an additional ss¯ quark pair. Then we measure the B0 and B+ meson masses from B0 --> y (') K0S and B+ --> y (') K+ decays. The method employed eliminates the dominant systematic uncertainty associated with the previous B meson mass measurements at the e+e- colliders and results in a significant improvement in precision. After that we present a study of three B0 decay modes useful for time-dependent CP asymmetry measurements. In this study we reconstruct B0 --> J/ y K0S , B0 --> χc 1 K0S , and B0 --> J/ y π0 decays. The latter two decay modes are observed for the first time. We describe a K0S --> π0π0 detection technique and its application to the reconstruction of the decay B 0 --> J/ y K0S . Then we present a sensitivity study for the measurement of the mixing-induced CP violation in the neutral B meson system (parameter sin 2β) at CLEO using the method that requires a measurement of the decay time of only one meson in a B0overline B0 pair. Finally, we search for direct CP violation in decays B+/- --> J/ y K+/- and B +/- --> y (2S) K+/- . The results of this search are consistent with the Standard Model expectations and provide the first experimental test of the assumption that direct CP violation is negligible in B --> y (') K decays.

  6. Review on D0 - Anti-D0 Mixing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez-Vidal, Fernando; /Valencia U., IFIC

    2012-04-12

    We review the current status of D{sup 0}-{anti D}{sup 0} mixing, with special emphasis in the most recent results. We begin with a discussion of charm mixing and CP violation phenomenology, the evolution with the decay proper time, and physics processes contributing to these. Then we follow with the summary of the main experimental techniques and the results in the various final states. We make use of the analysis reporting the first evidence of D{sup 0}-{anti D}{sup 0} mixing by BaBar in D{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decays as a textbook example, and then we discuss the results from other two-body and three-body final states. We conclude with the combination of all experimental results. Time-integrated CP violation measurements are not discussed here.

  7. Rare B Meson Decays With Omega Mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Lei; /Colorado U.

    2006-04-24

    Rare charmless hadronic B decays are particularly interesting because of their importance in understanding the CP violation, which is essential to explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry in our universe, and of their roles in testing the ''effective'' theory of B physics. The study has been done with the BABAR experiment, which is mainly designed for the study of CP violation in the decays of neutral B mesons, and secondarily for rare processes that become accessible with the high luminosity of the PEP-II B Factory. In a sample of 89 million produced B{bar B} pairs on the BABAR experiment, we observed the decays B{sup 0} {yields} {omega}K{sup 0} and B{sup +} {yields} {omega}{rho}{sup +} for the first time, made more precise measurements for B{sup +} {yields} {omega}h{sup +} and reported tighter upper limits for B {yields} {omega}K* and B{sup 0} {yields} {omega}{rho}{sup 0}.

  8. Kaons in flavor tagged B meson decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e+e- storage ring DORIS II, measurements of multiplicities of pseudoscalar kaons, of K*(892) and of φ(1020) in B meson decays have been performed through studies of angular and charge correlations between the above particles and high momentum leptons produced in semileptonic B decays. The method has made it possible to measure the multiplicities separately for B-mesons and anti-B-mesons. The excess of like charge lepton-kaon pairs over opposite charge pairs in semileptonic decays was used for estimating the ratio of charmed decays over all decays, and thus also the fraction of charmless decays. A search for an excess of fast neutral kaons from rare B decays was also made. All the results obtained support the assumption that almost all B mesons decay through b → c transitions into charmed hadrons. (66 refs.)

  9. Relativistic mean-field approximation with density-dependent screening meson masses in nuclear matter

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Bao-Xi; Lu, Xiao-Fu; Shen, Peng-Nian; Zhao, En-Guang

    2002-01-01

    The Debye screening masses of the $\\sigma$, $\\omega$ and neutral $\\rho$ mesons and the photon are calculated in the relativistic mean-field approximation. As the density of the nucleon increases, all the screening masses of mesons increase. It shows a different result with Brown-Rho scaling, which implies a reduction in the mass of all the mesons in the nuclear matter except the pion. Replacing the masses of the mesons with their corresponding screening masses in Walecka-1 model, five saturat...

  10. Anti-D-brane as Dark Matter in Warped String Compactification

    OpenAIRE

    Mukohyama, Shinji

    2005-01-01

    It is pointed out that in the warped string compactification, motion of anti-D-branes near the bottom of a throat behaves like dark matter. Several scenarios for production of the dark matter are suggested, including one based on the D/anti-D interaction at the late stage of D/anti-D inflation.

  11. QED effects in the pseudoscalar meson sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horsley, R. [Edinburgh Univ. (United Kingdom). School of Physics and Astronomy; Nakamura, Y. [RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science, Kobe (Japan); Perlt, H. [Leipzig Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Collaboration: QCDSF-UKQCD Collaboration; and others

    2015-09-15

    We present results on the pseudoscalar meson masses from a fully dynamical simulation of QCD+QED. We concentrate particularly on violations of isospin symmetry. We calculate the π{sup +}-π{sup 0} splitting and also look at other isospin violating mass differences. We have presented results for these isospin splittings in arXiv:1508.06401 [hep-lat]. In this paper we give more details of the techniques employed, discussing in particular the question of how much of the symmetry violation is due to QCD, arising from the different masses of the u and d quarks, and how much is due to QED, arising from the different charges of the quarks. This decomposition is not unique, it depends on the renormalisation scheme and scale. We suggest a renormalisation scheme in which Dashen's theorem for neutral mesons holds, so that the electromagnetic self-energies of the neutral mesons are zero, and discuss how the self-energies change when we transform to a scheme such as MS, in which Dashen's theorem for neutral mesons is violated.

  12. CP violation in B meson decays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noguchi, S.; Belle Group

    2003-06-01

    CP violation in neutral B meson decays has been observed confirming the prediction of the Kobayashi-Maskawa model where introduction of six quaks naturally induces CP violation in the weak interaction. The measurements of CP asymmetryc in B meson decays were made at the newly constructed Asymmetric B factories, which consist of high luminosity, ebergy-asymmetric e+e- colliders (KEKB and PEP-II) and detectors (Belle and BaBar). The results are in good agreement and are consistent with other experimental results within the framework of the Standard Model.

  13. Meson-meson processes in strong interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the meson-exchange framework the present work investigates the role played by meson-meson processes in strong interaction dynamics. We concentrate on two particular topics, one representing the more fundamental aspects of meson-meson systems the other being an example for the many possible applications. Using realistic meson-exchange models for ππ- and πη-scattering the first part of this work investigates the structure of the scalar meson f0(980) and a0(980) both being of outstanding importance for our understanding of the scalar meson sector. Our model produces good agreement with the available data. Furthermore, an analysis of the pole structure of the underlying ππ- and πη-scattering amplitudes leads to an understanding of the nature and parameters of f0(980) and a0(980). It is shown that besides the observed relationship between f0(980) and a0(980) their underlying structure is quite different. The second part of our investigation deals with the role played by correlated πρ exchange in the NN interaction. Starting point are open questions concerning the structure of the πNN vertex function. In the Bonn potential of the NN interaction a rather ''hard'' πNN formfactor is required in order to be able to reproduce experimental data, in particular the deuteron properties. However, this result is in disagreement with predictions from several theoretical models requiring a much softer πNN formfactor. We are able to show that this discrepancy is removed if correlated πρ exchange is added to the Bonn potential. (orig.)

  14. Evidence for D0-anti-D0 Mixing

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F R; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Fisher, P H; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M

    2007-01-01

    We present evidence for D0-anti-D0 mixing in D0 --> K+pi- decays from 384 fb^{-1} of e+e- colliding-beam data recorded near sqrt(s) 10.6 GeV with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II storage rings at SLAC. We find the mixing parameters x'^2 = [-0.22 +- 0.30 (stat.) +- 0.21 (syst.)] x 10^{-3} and y' = [9.7 +- 4.4 (stat.) +- 3.1 (syst.)] x 10^{-3}, and a correlation between them of -0.94. This result is inconsistent with the no-mixing hypothesis with a significance of 3.9 standard deviations. We measure R_D, the ratio of doubly Cabibbo-suppressed to Cabibbo-favored decay rates, to be [0.303 +- 0.016 (stat.) +- 0.010 (syst.)]%. We find no evidence for \\CP violation.

  15. Turnover rate of anti-D IgG injected during pregnancy.

    OpenAIRE

    Eklund, J; M. Hermann; Kjellman, H; Pohja, P

    1982-01-01

    Anti-D IgG was injected into 15 Rh-negative women in the 28th week of gestation and into three non-pregnant women. The uptake of anti-D after the intramuscular injections was calculated by measuring the concentration of antibody in the plasma with an autoanalyser. The biological half life and the catabolic rate of anti-D IgG were calculated according to a compartmental model. The recovery in vivo of anti-D was an average 24% in the non-pregnant women and 21% in the pregnant women. The half li...

  16. Constrained superfields from an anti-D3-brane in KKLT

    OpenAIRE

    Vercnocke, Bert; Wrase, Timm

    2016-01-01

    The KKLT construction of dS vacua relies on an uplift term that arises from an anti-D3-brane. It was argued by Kachru, Pearson and Verlinde that this anti-D3-brane is an excited state in a supersymmetric theory since it can decay to a supersymmetric ground state. Hence the anti-D3-brane breaks supersymmetry spontaneously and one should be able to package all the world-volume fields on the anti-D3-brane into a four dimensional $\\cal{N}=1$ supersymmetric action. Here we extend previous results ...

  17. Maternal anti-D concentrations and outcome in rhesus haemolytic disease of the newborn.

    OpenAIRE

    Bowell, P; Wainscoat, J.S.; Peto, T E; Gunson, H H

    1982-01-01

    The relation between maternal anti-D concentrations, measured against the British working standard, and outcome of rhesus-sensitised pregnancies was studied. There is a clear relation between increasing anti-D concentrations and the chance of a severely affected baby. Of those pregnancies (78) where serial anti-D concentrations remained below 4 IU/ml, no baby had a cord haemoglobin below 10 g/dl and three had exchange transfusions. In contrast, of those mothers (106) with anti-D concentration...

  18. Gravitational backreaction of anti-D branes in the warped compactification

    OpenAIRE

    Koyama, Kayoko; Koyama, Kazuya

    2005-01-01

    We derive a low-energy effective theory for gravity with anti-D branes, which are essential to get de Sitter solutions in the type IIB string warped compactification, by taking account of gravitational backreactions of anti-D branes. In order to see the effects of the self-gravity of anti-D branes, a simplified model is studied where a 5-dimensional anti-de Sitter ({\\it AdS}) spacetime is realized by the bulk cosmological constant and the 5-form flux, and anti-D branes are coupled to the 5-fo...

  19. Constraint from D - anti-D Mixing in Left-Right Symmetric Models

    OpenAIRE

    Dutta, Bhaskar; Mimura, Yukihiro

    2007-01-01

    We study the constraint arising from the recently observed D - anti-D mixing in the context of supersymmetric models with left-right symmetry. In these models, the supersymmetric contributions in the mixing amplitudes of D - anti-D, K - anti-K and B - anti-B are all correlated. We compare the constraint from the D - anti-D mixing with the K - anti-K mixing and find that the D - anti-D mixing constrains the maximal supersymmetric contribution to the B_s - anti-B_s mixing amplitude. The maximal...

  20. Magnetic dipole moments of the heavy tensor mesons in QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aliev, T. M., E-mail: taliev@metu.edu.tr [Physics Department, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara (Turkey); Institute of Physics, Baku (Azerbaijan); Barakat, T., E-mail: tbarakat@KSU.EDU.SA [Physics Department, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara (Turkey); Physics and Astronomy Department, King Saud University, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Savcı, M., E-mail: savci@metu.edu.tr [Physics Department, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara (Turkey)

    2015-11-03

    The magnetic dipole moments of the D{sub 2}, and D{sub S{sub 2}}, B{sub 2}, and B{sub S{sub 2}} heavy tensor mesons are estimated in framework of the light cone QCD sum rules. It is observed that the magnetic dipole moments for the charged mesons are larger than that of its neutral counterpart. It is found that the SU(3) flavor symmetry violation is about 10 % in both b and c sectors.

  1. Magnetic dipole moments of the heavy tensor mesons in QCD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The magnetic dipole moments of the D2, and DS2, B2, and BS2 heavy tensor mesons are estimated in framework of the light cone QCD sum rules. It is observed that the magnetic dipole moments for the charged mesons are larger than that of its neutral counterpart. It is found that the SU(3) flavor symmetry violation is about 10 % in both b and c sectors

  2. Magnetic dipole moments of the heavy tensor mesons in QCD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The magnetic dipole moments of the D2, and DS2, B2, and BS2 heavy tensor mesons are estimated in framework of the light cone QCD sum rules. It is observed that the magnetic dipole moments for the charged mesons are larger than that of its neutral counterpart. It is found that the SU(3) flavor symmetry violation is about 10 % in both b and c sectors. (orig.)

  3. Magnetic dipole moments of the heavy tensor mesons in QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Aliev, T M; Savcı, M

    2015-01-01

    The magnetic dipole moments of the ${\\cal D}_2$, and ${\\cal D}_{S_2}$, ${\\cal B}_2$, and ${\\cal B}_{S_2}$ heavy tensor mesons are estimated in framework of the light cone QCD sum rules. It is observed that the magnetic dipole moments for the charged mesons are larger than that of its neutral counterpart. It is found that the $SU(3)$ flavor symmetry violation is about 10\\% in both $b$ and $c$ sectors.

  4. Two-Particle Correlations and Meson-Antimeson Mixing Effects

    OpenAIRE

    Dass, G. V.; Grimus, W.

    1999-01-01

    We discuss 2-particle correlations which arise in the time evolution of C-odd and C-even meson--antimeson states of flavoured neutral mesons. In order to keep our discussion general, we do not use the Weisskopf -- Wigner approximation. Possible deviations from quantum-mechanical coherence effects are parameterized by a so-called decoherence parameter $\\zeta$. In particular, we study the $\\zeta$-dependence of the asymmetry of unlike and like-flavoured events which was recently observed experim...

  5. Glueballs and Hybrid Mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Michael, C

    1992-01-01

    We discuss states in the meson spectrum which have explicit gluonic components. Glueballs (with no valence quarks) and hybrid mesons (with valence quarks) are both reviewed. We present in some detail lattice simulation results. ( to appear in proceedings of QCD-20 years, Aachen Workshop)

  6. Meson-Meson Scattering on Anisotropic Lattices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Xi-Ning; MIAO Chuan; MENG Guang-Wei; LIU Chuan

    2005-01-01

    Using the tadpole improved Wilson quark action on small, coarse, and anisotropic lattices, meson-meson scattering lengths are calculated within quenched approximation. The study covers pion-pion scattering in the I = 2 channel and kaon-pion scattering in the I = 3/2 channel. The results are extrapolated towards the chiral limit. Finite volume and finite lattice spacing errors are also analyzed and results in the infinite volume and continuum limit are obtained. Our results are compared with the results obtained using Roy equations, chiral perturbation theory, dispersion relations, and the experimental data. We also compare our results with other lattice results on the scattering lengths.

  7. Neutral pion and $\\eta$ meson production in proton-proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=0.9 TeV and $\\sqrt{s}$=7 TeV

    CERN Document Server

    Abelev, B.; Adamova, D.; Adare, A.M.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Aglieri Rinella, G.; Agocs, A.G.; Agostinelli, A.; Aguilar Salazar, S.; Ahammed, Z.; Ahmad, N.; Masoodi, A.Ahmad; Ahn, S.U.; Akindinov, A.; Aleksandrov, D.; Alessandro, B.; Molina, R.Alfaro; Alici, A.; Alkin, A.; Almaraz Avina, E.; Alt, T.; Altini, V.; Altinpinar, S.; Altsybeev, I.; Andrei, C.; Andronic, A.; Anguelov, V.; Anson, C.; Anticic, T.; Antinori, F.; Antonioli, P.; Aphecetche, L.; Appelshauser, H.; Arbor, N.; Arcelli, S.; Arend, A.; Armesto, N.; Arnaldi, R.; Aronsson, T.; Arsene, I.C.; Arslandok, M.; Asryan, A.; Augustinus, A.; Averbeck, R.; Awes, T.C.; Aysto, J.; Azmi, M.D.; Bach, M.; Badala, A.; Baek, Y.W.; Bailhache, R.; Bala, R.; Ferroli, R.Baldini; Baldisseri, A.; Baldit, A.; Baltasar Dos Santos Pedrosa, F.; Ban, J.; Baral, R.C.; Barbera, R.; Barile, F.; Barnafoldi, G.G.; Barnby, L.S.; Barret, V.; Bartke, J.; Basile, M.; Bastid, N.; Bathen, B.; Batigne, G.; Batyunya, B.; Baumann, C.; Bearden, I.G.; Beck, H.; Belikov, I.; Bellini, F.; Bellwied, R.; Belmont-Moreno, E.; Beole, S.; Berceanu, I.; Bercuci, A.; Berdnikov, Y.; Berenyi, D.; Bergmann, C.; Berzano, D.; Betev, L.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A.K.; Bianchi, N.; Bianchi, L.; Bianchin, C.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Bilandzic, A.; Blanco, F.; Blanco, F.; Blau, D.; Blume, C.; Boccioli, M.; Bock, F.; Bock, N.; Bogdanov, A.; Boggild, H.; Bogolyubsky, M.; Boldizsar, L.; Bombara, M.; Book, J.; Borel, H.; Borissov, A.; Bortolin, C.; Bose, S.; Bossu, F.; Botje, M.; Bottger, S.; Boyer, B.; Braun-Munzinger, P.; Bregant, M.; Breitner, T.; Broz, M.; Brun, R.; Bruna, E.; Bruno, G.E.; Budnikov, D.; Buesching, H.; Bufalino, S.; Bugaiev, K.; Busch, O.; Buthelezi, Z.; Caffarri, D.; Cai, X.; Caines, H.; Calvo Villar, E.; Camerini, P.; Canoa Roman, V.; Cara Romeo, G.; Carena, F.; Carena, W.; Carlin Filho, N.; Carminati, F.; Carrillo Montoya, C.A.; Casanova Diaz, A.; Caselle, M.; Castillo Castellanos, J.; Castillo Hernandez, J.F.; Casula, E.A.R.; Catanescu, V.; Cavicchioli, C.; Cepila, J.; Cerello, P.; Chang, B.; Chapeland, S.; Charvet, J.L.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Cherney, M.; Cheshkov, C.; Cheynis, B.; Chiavassa, E.; Chibante Barroso, V.; Chinellato, D.D.; Chochula, P.; Chojnacki, M.; Christakoglou, P.; Christensen, C.H.; Christiansen, P.; Chujo, T.; Chung, S.U.; Cicalo, C.; Cifarelli, L.; Cindolo, F.; Cleymans, J.; Coccetti, F.; Coffin, J.P.; Colamaria, F.; Colella, D.; Conesa Balbastre, G.; Conesa del Valle, Z.; Constantin, P.; Contin, G.; Contreras, J.G.; Cormier, T.M.; Corrales Morales, Y.; Cortese, P.; Cortes Maldonado, I.; Cosentino, M.R.; Costa, F.; Cotallo, M.E.; Crescio, E.; Crochet, P.; Alaniz, E.Cruz; Cuautle, E.; Cunqueiro, L.; Dainese, A.; Dalsgaard, H.H.; Danu, A.; Das, I.; Das, K.; Das, D.; Dash, A.; Dash, S.; De, S.; De Azevedo Moregula, A.; de Barros, G.O.V.; De Caro, A.; De Cataldo, G.; de Cuveland, J.; De Falco, A.; De Gruttola, D.; Delagrange, H.; Del Castillo Sanchez, E.; Deloff, A.; Demanov, V.; De Marco, N.; Denes, E.; De Pasquale, S.; Deppman, A.; Erasmo, G.D.; de Rooij, R.; Di Bari, D.; Dietel, T.; Di Giglio, C.; Di Liberto, S.; Di Mauro, A.; Di Nezza, P.; Divia, R.; Djuvsland, O.; Dobrin, A.; Dobrowolski, T.; Dominguez, I.; Donigus, B.; Dordic, O.; Driga, O.; Dubey, A.K.; Ducroux, L.; Dupieux, P.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; Dutta Majumdar, A.K.; Elia, D.; Emschermann, D.; Engel, H.; Erdal, H.A.; Espagnon, B.; Estienne, M.; Esumi, S.; Evans, D.; Eyyubova, G.; Fabris, D.; Faivre, J.; Falchieri, D.; Fantoni, A.; Fasel, M.; Fearick, R.; Fedunov, A.; Fehlker, D.; Feldkamp, L.; Felea, D.; Feofilov, G.; Fernandez Tellez, A.; Ferretti, A.; Ferretti, R.; Figiel, J.; Figueredo, M.A.S.; Filchagin, S.; Fini, R.; Finogeev, D.; Fionda, F.M.; Fiore, E.M.; Floris, M.; Foertsch, S.; Foka, P.; Fokin, S.; Fragiacomo, E.; Fragkiadakis, M.; Frankenfeld, U.; Fuchs, U.; Furget, C.; Fusco Girard, M.; Gaardhoje, J.J.; Gagliardi, M.; Gago, A.; Gallio, M.; Gangadharan, D.R.; Ganoti, P.; Garabatos, C.; Garcia-Solis, E.; Garishvili, I.; Gerhard, J.; Germain, M.; Geuna, C.; Gheata, A.; Gheata, M.; Ghidini, B.; Ghosh, P.; Gianotti, P.; Girard, M.R.; Giubellino, P.; Gladysz-Dziadus, E.; Glassel, P.; Gomez, R.; Ferreiro, E.G.; Gonzalez-Trueba, L.H.; Gonzalez-Zamora, P.; Gorbunov, S.; Goswami, A.; Gotovac, S.; Grabski, V.; Graczykowski, L.K.; Grajcarek, R.; Grelli, A.; Grigoras, C.; Grigoras, A.; Grigoriev, V.; Grigoryan, A.; Grigoryan, S.; Grinyov, B.; Grion, N.; Gros, P.; Grosse-Oetringhaus, J.F.; Grossiord, J.Y.; Grosso, R.; Guber, F.; Guernane, R.; Guerra Gutierrez, C.; Guerzoni, B.; Guilbaud, M.; Gulbrandsen, K.; Gunji, T.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, R.; Gutbrod, H.; Haaland, O.; Hadjidakis, C.; Haiduc, M.; Hamagaki, H.; Hamar, G.; Han, B.H.; Hanratty, L.D.; Hansen, A.; Harmanova, Z.; Harris, J.W.; Hartig, M.; Hasegan, D.; Hatzifotiadou, D.; Hayrapetyan, A.; Heckel, S.T.; Heide, M.; Helstrup, H.; Herghelegiu, A.; Herrera Corral, G.; Herrmann, N.; Hetland, K.F.; Hicks, B.; Hille, P.T.; Hippolyte, B.; Horaguchi, T.; Hori, Y.; Hristov, P.; Hrivnacova, I.; Huang, M.; Huber, S.; Humanic, T.J.; Hwang, D.S.; Ichou, R.; Ilkaev, R.; Ilkiv, I.; Inaba, M.; Incani, E.; Innocenti, P.G.; Innocenti, G.M.; Ippolitov, M.; Irfan, M.; Ivan, C.; Ivanov, M.; Ivanov, V.; Ivanov, A.; Ivanytskyi, O.; Jacholkowski, A.; Jacobs, P.M.; Jancurova, L.; Jang, H.J.; Jangal, S.; Janik, R.; Janik, M.A.; Jayarathna, P.H.S.Y.; Jena, S.; Jimenez Bustamante, R.T.; Jirden, L.; Jones, P.G.; Jung, W.; Jung, H.; Jusko, A.; Kaidalov, A.B.; Kakoyan, V.; Kalcher, S.; Kalinak, P.; Kalisky, M.; Kalliokoski, T.; Kalweit, A.; Kanaki, K.; Kang, J.H.; Kaplin, V.; Karasu Uysal, A.; Karavichev, O.; Karavicheva, T.; Karpechev, E.; Kazantsev, A.; Kebschull, U.; Keidel, R.; Khan, P.; Khan, M.M.; Khan, S.A.; Khanzadeev, A.; Kharlov, Y.; Kileng, B.; Kim, J.H.; Kim, D.J.; Kim, D.W.; Kim, J.S.; Kim, M.; Kim, S.H.; Kim, S.; Kim, B.; Kim, T.; Kirsch, S.; Kisel, I.; Kiselev, S.; Kisiel, A.; Klay, J.L.; Klein, J.; Klein-Bosing, C.; Kliemant, M.; Kluge, A.; Knichel, M.L.; Koch, K.; Kohler, M.K.; Kolojvari, A.; Kondratiev, V.; Kondratyeva, N.; Konevskikh, A.; Korneev, A.; Kottachchi Kankanamge Don, C.; Kour, R.; Kowalski, M.; Kox, S.; Koyithatta Meethaleveedu, G.; Kral, J.; Kralik, I.; Kramer, F.; Kraus, I.; Krawutschke, T.; Kretz, M.; Krivda, M.; Krizek, F.; Krus, M.; Kryshen, E.; Krzewicki, M.; Kucheriaev, Y.; Kuhn, C.; Kuijer, P.G.; Kurashvili, P.; Kurepin, A.B.; Kurepin, A.; Kuryakin, A.; Kushpil, S.; Kushpil, V.; Kvaerno, H.; Kweon, M.J.; Kwon, Y.; Ladron de Guevara, P.; Lakomov, I.; Langoy, R.; Lara, C.; Lardeux, A.; La Rocca, P.; Lazzeroni, C.; Lea, R.; Le Bornec, Y.; Lee, S.C.; Lee, K.S.; Lefevre, F.; Lehnert, J.; Leistam, L.; Lenhardt, M.; Lenti, V.; Leon, H.; Leon Monzon, I.; Leon Vargas, H.; Levai, P.; Li, X.; Lien, J.; Lietava, R.; Lindal, S.; Lindenstruth, V.; Lippmann, C.; Lisa, M.A.; Liu, L.; Loenne, P.I.; Loggins, V.R.; Loginov, V.; Lohn, S.; Lohner, D.; Loizides, C.; Loo, K.K.; Lopez, X.; Lopez Torres, E.; Lovhoiden, G.; Lu, X.G.; Luettig, P.; Lunardon, M.; Luo, J.; Luparello, G.; Luquin, L.; Luzzi, C.; Ma, R.; Ma, K.; Madagodahettige-Don, D.M.; Maevskaya, A.; Mager, M.; Mahapatra, D.P.; Maire, A.; Malaev, M.; Maldonado Cervantes, I.; Malinina, L.; Mal'Kevich, D.; Malzacher, P.; Mamonov, A.; Manceau, L.; Mangotra, L.; Manko, V.; Manso, F.; Manzari, V.; Mao, Y.; Marchisone, M.; Mares, J.; Margagliotti, G.V.; Margotti, A.; Marin, A.; Markert, C.; Martashvili, I.; Martinengo, P.; Martinez, M.I.; Martinez Davalos, A.; Martinez Garcia, G.; Martynov, Y.; Mas, A.; Masciocchi, S.; Masera, M.; Masoni, A.; Massacrier, L.; Mastromarco, M.; Mastroserio, A.; Matthews, Z.L.; Matyja, A.; Mayani, D.; Mayer, C.; Mazer, J.; Mazzoni, M.A.; Meddi, F.; Menchaca-Rocha, A.; Mercado Perez, J.; Meres, M.; Miake, Y.; Michalon, A.; Midori, J.; Milano, L.; Milosevic, J.; Mischke, A.; Mishra, A.N.; Miskowiec, D.; Mitu, C.; Mlynarz, J.; Mohanty, A.K.; Mohanty, B.; Molnar, L.; Montano Zetina, L.; Monteno, M.; Montes, E.; Moon, T.; Morando, M.; Moreira De Godoy, D.A.; Moretto, S.; Morsch, A.; Muccifora, V.; Mudnic, E.; Muhuri, S.; Muller, H.; Munhoz, M.G.; Musa, L.; Musso, A.; Nandi, B.K.; Nania, R.; Nappi, E.; Nattrass, C.; Naumov, N.P.; Navin, S.; Nayak, T.K.; Nazarenko, S.; Nazarov, G.; Nedosekin, A.; Nicassio, M.; Nielsen, B.S.; Niida, T.; Nikolaev, S.; Nikolic, V.; Nikulin, V.; Nikulin, S.; Nilsen, B.S.; Nilsson, M.S.; Noferini, F.; Nomokonov, P.; Nooren, G.; Novitzky, N.; Nyanin, A.; Nyatha, A.; Nygaard, C.; Nystrand, J.; Obayashi, H.; Ochirov, A.; Oeschler, H.; Oh, S.K.; Oh, S.; Oleniacz, J.; Oppedisano, C.; Ortiz Velasquez, A.; Ortona, G.; Oskarsson, A.; Ostrowski, P.; Otterlund, I.; Otwinowski, J.; Oyama, K.; Ozawa, K.; Pachmayer, Y.; Pachr, M.; Padilla, F.; Pagano, P.; Paic, G.; Painke, F.; Pajares, C.; Pal, S.; Pal, S.K.; Palaha, A.; Palmeri, A.; Papikyan, V.; Pappalardo, G.S.; Park, W.J.; Passfeld, A.; Pastircak, B.; Patalakha, D.I.; Paticchio, V.; Pavlinov, A.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perales, M.; Pereira De Oliveira Filho, E.; Peresunko, D.; Perez Lara, C.E.; Perez Lezama, E.; Perini, D.; Perrino, D.; Peryt, W.; Pesci, A.; Peskov, V.; Pestov, Y.; Petracek, V.; Petran, M.; Petris, M.; Petrov, P.; Petrovici, M.; Petta, C.; Piano, S.; Piccotti, A.; Pikna, M.; Pillot, P.; Pinazza, O.; Pinsky, L.; Pitz, N.; Piuz, F.; Piyarathna, D.B.; Ploskon, M.; Pluta, J.; Pocheptsov, T.; Pochybova, S.; Podesta-Lerma, P.L.M.; Poghosyan, M.G.; Polak, K.; Polichtchouk, B.; Pop, A.; Porteboeuf-Houssais, S.; Pospisil, V.; Potukuchi, B.; Prasad, S.K.; Preghenella, R.; Prino, F.; Pruneau, C.A.; Pshenichnov, I.; Puchagin, S.; Puddu, G.; Pulvirenti, A.; Punin, V.; Putis, M.; Putschke, J.; Quercigh, E.; Qvigstad, H.; Rachevski, A.; Rademakers, A.; Radomski, S.; Raiha, T.S.; Rak, J.; Rakotozafindrabe, A.; Ramello, L.; Ramirez Reyes, A.; Raniwala, S.; Raniwala, R.; Rasanen, S.S.; Rascanu, B.T.; Rathee, D.; Read, K.F.; Real, J.S.; Redlich, K.; Reichelt, P.; Reicher, M.; Renfordt, R.; Reolon, A.R.; Reshetin, A.; Rettig, F.; Revol, J.P.; Reygers, K.; Riccati, L.; Ricci, R.A.; Richter, M.; Riedler, P.; Riegler, W.; Riggi, F.; Rodriguez Cahuantzi, M.; Rohr, D.; Rohrich, D.; Romita, R.; Ronchetti, F.; Rosnet, P.; Rossegger, S.; Rossi, A.; Roukoutakis, F.; Roy, P.; Roy, C.; Rubio Montero, A.J.; Rui, R.; Ryabinkin, E.; Rybicki, A.; Sadovsky, S.; Safarik, K.; Sahu, P.K.; Saini, J.; Sakaguchi, H.; Sakai, S.; Sakata, D.; Salgado, C.A.; Sambyal, S.; Samsonov, V.; Sanchez Castro, X.; Sandor, L.; Sandoval, A.; Sano, M.; Sano, S.; Santo, R.; Santoro, R.; Sarkamo, J.; Scapparone, E.; Scarlassara, F.; Scharenberg, R.P.; Schiaua, C.; Schicker, R.; Schmidt, C.; Schmidt, H.R.; Schreiner, S.; Schuchmann, S.; Schukraft, J.; Schutz, Y.; Schwarz, K.; Schweda, K.; Scioli, G.; Scomparin, E.; Scott, R.; Scott, P.A.; Segato, G.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Senyukov, S.; Seo, J.; Serci, S.; Serradilla, E.; Sevcenco, A.; Sgura, I.; Shabetai, A.; Shabratova, G.; Shahoyan, R.; Sharma, N.; Sharma, S.; Shigaki, K.; Shimomura, M.; Shtejer, K.; Sibiriak, Y.; Siciliano, M.; Sicking, E.; Siddhanta, S.; Siemiarczuk, T.; Silvermyr, D.; Simonetti, G.; Singaraju, R.; Singh, R.; Singha, S.; Sinha, B.C.; Sinha, T.; Sitar, B.; Sitta, M.; Skaali, T.B.; Skjerdal, K.; Smakal, R.; Smirnov, N.; Snellings, R.; Sogaard, C.; Soltz, R.; Son, H.; Song, J.; Song, M.; Soos, C.; Soramel, F.; Sputowska, I.; Spyropoulou-Stassinaki, M.; Srivastava, B.K.; Stachel, J.; Stan, I.; Stan, I.; Stefanek, G.; Stefanini, G.; Steinbeck, T.; Steinpreis, M.; Stenlund, E.; Steyn, G.; Stocco, D.; Stolpovskiy, M.; Strabykin, K.; Strmen, P.; Suaide, A.A.P.; Subieta Vasquez, M.A.; Sugitate, T.; Suire, C.; Sukhorukov, M.; Sultanov, R.; Sumbera, M.; Susa, T.; Szanto de Toledo, A.; Szarka, I.; Szostak, A.; Tagridis, C.; Takahashi, J.; J.Tapia Takaki, D.; Tauro, A.; Tejeda Munoz, G.; Telesca, A.; Terrevoli, C.; Thader, J.; Thomas, J.H.; Thomas, D.; Tieulent, R.; Timmins, A.R.; Tlusty, D.; Toia, A.; Torii, H.; Toscano, L.; Tosello, F.; Traczyk, T.; Truesdale, D.; Trzaska, W.H.; Tsuji, T.; Tumkin, A.; Turrisi, R.; Tveter, T.S.; Ulery, J.; Ullaland, K.; Ulrich, J.; Uras, A.; Urban, J.; Urciuoli, G.M.; Usai, G.L.; Vajzer, M.; Vala, M.; Valencia Palomo, L.; Vallero, S.; van der Kolk, N.; Vande Vyvre, P.; van Leeuwen, M.; Vannucci, L.; Vargas, A.; Varma, R.; Vasileiou, M.; Vasiliev, A.; Vechernin, V.; Veldhoen, M.; Venaruzzo, M.; Vercellin, E.; Vergara, S.; Vernekohl, D.C.; Vernet, R.; Verweij, M.; Vickovic, L.; Viesti, G.; Vikhlyantsev, O.; Vilakazi, Z.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Vinogradov, L.; Vinogradov, Y.; Vinogradov, A.; Virgili, T.; Viyogi, Y.P.; Vodopyanov, A.; Voloshin, S.; Voloshin, K.; Volpe, G.; von Haller, B.; Vranic, D.; Ovrebekk, G.; Vrlakova, J.; Vulpescu, B.; Vyushin, A.; Wagner, B.; Wagner, V.; Wan, R.; Wang, Y.; Wang, M.; Wang, D.; Wang, Y.; Watanabe, K.; Wessels, J.P.; Westerhoff, U.; Wiechula, J.; Wikne, J.; Wilde, M.; Wilk, G.; Wilk, A.; Williams, M.C.S.; Windelband, B.; Karampatsos, L.Xaplanteris; Yang, H.; Yang, S.; Yano, S.; Yasnopolskiy, S.; Yi, J.; Yin, Z.; Yokoyama, H.; Yoo, I.K.; Yoon, J.; Yu, W.; Yuan, X.; Yushmanov, I.; Zach, C.; Zampolli, C.; Zaporozhets, S.; Zarochentsev, A.; Zavada, P.; Zaviyalov, N.; Zbroszczyk, H.; Zelnicek, P.; Zgura, I.S.; Zhalov, M.; Zhang, X.; Zhou, F.; Zhou, Y.; Zhou, D.; Zhu, X.; Zichichi, A.; Zimmermann, A.; Zinovjev, G.; Zoccarato, Y.; Zynovyev, M.

    2012-01-01

    The first measurements of the invariant differential cross sections of inclusive $\\pi^0$ and $\\eta$ meson production at mid-rapidity in proton-proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=0.9$ TeV and $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV are reported. The $\\pi^0$ measurement covers the ranges $0.4mesons was measured at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV in the range $0.4mesons at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV, but agree with the measured $\\eta/\\pi^0$ ratio at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV.

  8. Charm meson scattering cross sections by pion and rho meson

    CERN Document Server

    Lin Zi Wei; Ko, C M

    2001-01-01

    Using the local flavor SU(4) gauge invariance in the limit of vanishing vector-meson masses, we extend our previous study of charm-meson scattering cross sections by pion and rho meson, which is based only on the pseudoscalar-pseudoscalar-vector meson couplings, to include also contributions from the couplings among three vector mesons and among four particles. We find that diagrams with light-meson exchanges usually dominate the cross sections. For the processes considered previously, the additional interactions lead only to diagrams involving charm-meson exchanges and contact interactions, and the cross sections for these processes are thus not much affected. Nevertheless, these additional interactions introduce new processes with light-meson exchanges and increase significantly the total scattering cross sections of charm mesons by pion and rho meson.

  9. QED effects in the pseudoscalar meson sector

    CERN Document Server

    Horsley, R; Perlt, H; Pleiter, D; Rakow, P E L; Schierholz, G; Schiller, A; Stokes, R; Stüben, H; Young, R D; Zanotti, J M

    2015-01-01

    We present results on the pseudoscalar meson masses from a fully dynamical simulation of QCD+QED. We concentrate particularly on violations of isospin symmetry. We calculate the $\\pi^+$-$\\pi^0$ splitting and also look at other isospin violating mass differences. We have presented results for these isospin splittings in arXiv:1508.06401 [hep-lat]. In this paper we give more details of the techniques employed, discussing in particular the question of how much of the symmetry violation is due to QCD, arising from the different masses of the $u$ and $d$ quarks, and how much is due to QED, arising from the different charges of the quarks. This decomposition is not unique, it depends on the renormalisation scheme and scale. We suggest a renormalisation scheme in which Dashen's theorem for neutral mesons holds, so that the electromagnetic self-energies of the neutral mesons are zero, and discuss how the self-energies change when we transform to a scheme such as $\\overline{MS}$, in which Dashen's theorem for neutral ...

  10. Mesonic effects in nuclear physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relation between mesons and nucleons and the properties of nuclear matter, as presently understood, is considered in these lectures. Feynman diagrams, meson theoretical nucleon-nucleon interactions, mesonic components in nuclear wave functions, direct observation of mesonic components in NN scattering above the pion production threshold, nuclear matter theory, and pion condensation are treated. 120 references

  11. Vector-meson dominance revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terschlüsen Carla

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The interaction of mesons with electromagnetism is often well described by the concept of vector-meson dominance (VMD. However, there are also examples where VMD fails. A simple chiral Lagrangian for pions, rho and omega mesons is presented which can account for the respective agreement and disagreement between VMD and phenomenology in the sector of light mesons.

  12. Gravitational backreaction of anti-D branes in the warped compactification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koyama, Kayoko; Koyama, Kazuya

    2005-09-01

    We derive a low-energy effective theory for gravity with anti-D branes, which are essential to get de Sitter solutions in the type IIB string-warped compactification, by taking account of gravitational backreactions of anti-D branes. In order to see the effects of the self-gravity of anti-D branes, a simplified model is studied where a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) spacetime is realized by the bulk cosmological constant and the 5-form flux, and anti-D branes are coupled to the 5-form field by Chern Simon terms. The AdS spacetime is truncated by introducing UV and IR cut-off branes like the Randall Sundrum model. We derive an effective theory for gravity on the UV brane and reproduce the familiar result that the tensions of the anti-D branes give potentials suppressed by the fourth power of the warp factor at the location of the anti-D branes. However, in this simplified model, the potential energy never inflates the UV brane, although the anti-D branes are inflating. The UV brane is dominated by dark radiation coming from the projection of the five-dimensional Weyl tensor, unless the moduli fields for the anti-D branes are stabilized. We comment on the possibility of avoiding this problem in a realistic string theory compactification.

  13. Width difference in the D0-anti-D0 system

    OpenAIRE

    Petrov, Alexey A.

    2000-01-01

    The motivation most often cited in searches for D0-anti-D0 mixing lies with the possibility of observing a signal from new physics which dominates that from the Standard Model. We discuss recent theoretical and experimental results in D0-anti-D0 mixing, including new experimental measurements from CLEO and FOCUS collaborations and their interpretations.

  14. Risk factors for RhD immunisation despite antenatal and postnatal anti-D prophylaxis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.M. Koelewijn; M. de Haas; T.G.M. Vrijkotte; C.E. van der Schoot; G.J. Bonsel

    2009-01-01

    Objective To identify risk factors for Rhesus D (RhD) immunisation in pregnancy, despite adequate antenatal and postnatal anti-D prophylaxis in the previous pregnancy. To generate evidence for improved primary prevention by extra administration of anti-D Ig in the presence of a risk factor. Design C

  15. 用振幅比值方法预言中性粲介子衰变到 CP本征态的CP不对称性%CP Asymmetry Prediction for Neutral Charmed Meson Decays into CP Eigenstates by Using Amplitude Ratios

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜东生

    2007-01-01

    用振幅比之方法计算了中性粲介子衰变到CP本征态的CP不对称性.计算了时间相关和时间积分的CP不对称性.结果表明,时间积分的CP不对称参数约为千分之一的量级.还讨论了在BESⅢ和B工厂上实验检验的可能性.%CP asymmetries for neutral charmed meson decays into CP eigenstates are calculated by using amplitude ratios. The formulas and numerical results are presented. The impact on experiments is briefly discussed.

  16. Meson Production and Space Radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norbury, John; Blattnig, Steve; Norman, Ryan; Aghara, Sukesh

    Protecting astronauts from the harmful effects of space radiation is an important priority for long duration space flight. The National Council on Radiation Protection (NCRP) has recently recommended that pion and other mesons should be included in space radiation transport codes, especially in connection with the Martian atmosphere. In an interesting accident of nature, the galactic cosmic ray spectrum has its peak intensity near the pion production threshold. The Boltzmann transport equation is structured in such a way that particle production cross sec-tions are multiplied by particle flux. Therefore, the peak of the incident flux of the galactic cosmic ray spectrum is more important than other regions of the spectrum and cross sections near the peak are enhanced. This happens with pion cross sections. The MCNPX Monte-Carlo transport code now has the capability of transporting heavy ions, and by using a galactic cosmic ray spectrum as input, recent work has shown that pions contribute about twenty percent of the dose from galactic cosmic rays behind a shield of 20 g/cm2 aluminum and 30 g/cm2 water. It is therefore important to include pion and other hadron production in transport codes designed for space radiation studies, such as HZETRN. The status of experimental hadron production data for energies relevant to space radiation will be reviewed, as well as the predictive capa-bilities of current theoretical hadron production cross section and space radiation transport models. Charged pions decay into muons and neutrinos, and neutral pions decay into photons. An electromagnetic cascade is produced as these particles build up in a material. The cascade and transport of pions, muons, electrons and photons will be discussed as they relate to space radiation. The importance of other hadrons, such as kaons, eta mesons and antiprotons will be considered as well. Efficient methods for calculating cross sections for meson production in nucleon-nucleon and nucleus

  17. Properties of c meson

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ajay Kumar Rai; P C Vinodkumar

    2006-05-01

    The mass spectrum of $c\\bar{b}$ meson is investigated with an effective quark-antiquark potential of the form $\\dfrac{-_{c}}{r} + Ar^{}$ with varying from 0.5 to 2.0. The and -wave masses, pseudoscalar decay constant, weak decay partial widths in spectator model and the lifetime of c meson are computed. The properties calculated here are found to be in good agreement with other theoretical and experimental values at potential index, = 1.

  18. Transversity and Meson Photoproduction

    CERN Document Server

    Goldstein, G R; Goldstein, Gary R.; Gamberg, Leonard

    2002-01-01

    Both meson photoproduction and semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering can potentially probe transversity in the nucleon. We explore how that potential can be realized dynamically. The role of rescattering in both exclusive and inclusive meson production as a source for transverse polarization asymmetry is examined. We use a dynamical model to calculate the asymmetry and relate that to the transversity distribution of the nucleon.

  19. Anti-D auto-immunization in a patient with weak D type 4.0.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouchari, M; Chakroun, T; Abdelkefi, S; Romdhane, H; Houissa, B; Jemni Yacoub, S

    2014-03-01

    We report the case of a 56-year-old patient with blood group O+C-c+E-e+K-, followed for a myelodysplasic syndrome and treated by regular pheno-identical and compatible (RBCs) transfusion since December 2007. In June 2009, a positive crossmatch was found with 2 RBCs O+C-c+E-e+K-. A positive anti-body screening with a positive autocontrol was detected and anti-D was unidentified in the patient's serum. The DAT was positive (IgG) and elution identified an anti-D. The following assumptions were then made: it could be a partial D phenotype with anti-D alloantibodies or RH: 1 phenotype with an anti-D auto-antibodies. Molecular analysis by multiplex PCR and sequencing have depisted a weak D type 4.0 phenotype. In October 2009, over three months of RH:-1 RBC transfusion, the antibody screening and DAT (IgG) remained positive, and an eluate made from the patient's erythrocytes contained an anti-D. All these funding confirmed the autoimmune nature of the anti-D. This case report illustrates the importance of a well-conducted and immunohematological laboratories test in order to distinguish between auto- or allo-immune of anti-D in a RH: 1 poly-transfused patients. This distinction is of great importance for transfusion support. PMID:24365172

  20. ρ meson decays of heavy hybrid mesons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Liang; Huang, Peng-Zhi

    2016-07-01

    We calculate the ρ meson couplings between the heavy hybrid doublets Hh/Sh/Mh/Th and the ordinary qQ̅ doublets in the framework of the light-cone QCD sum rule. The sum rules obtained rely mildly on the Borel parameters in their working regions. The resulting coupling constants are rather small in most cases. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11105007)

  1. Risk factors for RhD immunisation despite antenatal and postnatal anti-D prophylaxis

    OpenAIRE

    Koelewijn, JM; de Haas, M.; Vrijkotte, TGM; van der Schoot, CE; Bonsel, GJ

    2009-01-01

    Objective To identify risk factors for Rhesus D (RhD) immunisation in pregnancy, despite adequate antenatal and postnatal anti-D prophylaxis in the previous pregnancy. To generate evidence for improved primary prevention by extra administration of anti-D Ig in the presence of a risk factor. Design Case–control study. Setting Nation-wide evaluation of the Dutch antenatal anti-D-prophylaxis programme. Population Cases: 42 RhD-immunised parae-1, recognised by first-trimester routine red cell ant...

  2. Collaborative study to recalibrate the International Reference Preparation of Anti-D Immunoglobulin.

    OpenAIRE

    Gunson, H H; Bowell, P J; Kirkwood, T B

    1980-01-01

    A collaborative study involving nine independent assays by eight laboratories has recalibrated the anti-D concentration of the International Reference Preparation of Anti-D Immunoglobulin (68/417) in terms of the International Standard for Anti-Rho (anti-D) Incomplete Blood Typing Serum (64/16). This study was carried out when it was found that 68/419 had been calibrated not against 64/16, as originally intended, but inadvertently against another preparation. Based on the results, a revised r...

  3. Use of anti-D in an accident and emergency department.

    OpenAIRE

    Huggon, A M; Watson, D P

    1993-01-01

    A retrospective study was made of the use of anti-D in an accident and emergency (A&E) department in 1 month. Patients who are discharged home with a diagnosis of threatened miscarriage should have their blood group determined and anti-D should be given to those who are rhesus negative. We found that only 8/29 patients discharged from the department had their blood group determined and none of the rhesus negative patients was given anti-D. We have introduced a practical method of reminding me...

  4. Low incidence of anti-D alloimmunization following D+ platelet transfusion: The Anti-D Alloimmunization after D-incompatible Platelet Transfusions (ADAPT) study

    OpenAIRE

    Cid, Joan; Lozano, Miguel; Ziman, Alyssa; West, Kamille A.; O'Brien, Kerry L.; Murphy, Michael F; Wendel, Silvano; Vázquez, Alejandro; Ortín, Xavier; Hervig, Tor A.; Delaney, Meghan; Flegel, Willy A.; Yazer, Mark H.

    2014-01-01

    The reported frequency of D alloimmunization in D- recipients after transfusion of D+ platelets varies. This study was designed to determine the frequency of D alloimmunization, previously reported to be an average of 5%±2%. A primary anti-D immune response was defined as the detection of anti-D ≥28 days following the first D+ platelet transfusion. Data were collected on 485 D- recipients of D+ platelets in 11 centres between 2010-2012. Their median age was 60 (range 2-100) years. Diagnoses i...

  5. Photoproduction of η and η' mesons off protons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crede, V.; McVeigh, A.; Anisovich, A. V.; Bacelar, J. C. S.; Bantes, R.; Bartholomy, O.; Bayadilov, D.; Beck, R.; Beloglazov, Y. A.; Castelijns, R.; Ehmanns, A.; Elsner, D.; Essig, K.; Ewald, R.; Fabry, I.; Fuchs, M.; Funke, Chr.; Gothe, R.; Gregor, R.; Gridnev, A.; Gutz, E.; Höffgen, St.; Hoffmeister, P.; Horn, I.; Jaegle, I.; Junkersfeld, J.; Kalinowsky, H.; Kammer, S.; Klein, Frank; Klein, Friedrich; Klempt, E.; Konrad, M.; Kotulla, M.; Krusche, B.; Langheinrich, J.; Löhner, H.; Lopatin, I. V.; Lotz, J.; Lugert, S.; Menze, D.; Mertens, T.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Metag, V.; Nanova, M.; Nikonov, V. A.; Novinski, D.; Novotny, R.; Ostrick, M.; Pant, L. M.; van Pee, H.; Pfeiffer, M.; Roy, A.; Sarantsev, A. V.; Schadmand, S.; Schmidt, C.; Schmieden, H.; Schoch, B.; Shende, S.; Sokhoyan, V.; Sparks, N.; Süle, A.; Sumachev, V. V.; Szczepanek, T.; Thoma, U.; Trnka, D.; Varma, R.; Walther, D.; Weinheimer, Ch.; Wendel, Ch.; Wilson, A.

    2009-11-01

    Total and differential cross sections for η and η'photoproduction off the proton have been determined with the CBELSA/TAPS detector for photon energies between 0.85 and 2.55 GeV. The η mesons are detected in their two neutral decay modes, η→γγ and η→3π0→6γ, and for the first time, cover the full angular range in cosθc.m. of the η meson. These new η photoproduction data are consistent with the earlier CB-ELSA results. The η' mesons are observed in their neutral decay to π0π0η→6γ and also extend the coverage in angular range.

  6. Study of the decays B->D_s1(2536)+ anti-D(*)

    OpenAIRE

    Aushev, T.

    2011-01-01

    We report a study of the decays B -> D_s1(2536)+ anti-D(*), where anti-D(*) is anti-D0, D- or D*-, using a sample of 657 x 10^6 B anti-B pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. The branching fractions of the decays B+ -> D_s1(2536)+ anti-D0, B0 -> D_s1(2536)+ D- and B0 -> D_s1(2536)+ D*- multiplied by that of D_s1(2536)+ -> (D*0K+ + D*+K0) are found to be (3.97+-0.85+-0.56) x 10^-4, (2.75+-0.62+-0.36) x 10^-4 and (5.01+...

  7. Novel T-Violation observable open to any pair of decay channels at meson factories

    CERN Document Server

    Bernabeu, Jose; Nebot, Miguel

    2013-01-01

    Quantum Entanglement between the two neutral mesons produced in meson factories has allowed the first indisputable direct observation of Time Reversal Violation in the time evolution of the neutral meson between the two decays. The exceptional meson transitions are directly connected to semileptonic and CP-eigenstate decay channels. The possibility of extending the observable asymmetries to more decay channels confronts the problem of the "orthogonality condition", which can be stated with this tongue-twister: Given a decay channel $f$, Which is the decay channel $f'$ such that the meson state not decaying to $f'$ is orthogonal to the meson state not decaying to $f$? In this paper we propose an alternative $T$-Violation Asymmetry at meson factories which allows its opening to any pair of decay channels. Instead of searching which is the pair of decay channels associated to the $T$-reverse meson transition, we build an asymmetry which tags the initial states of both the Reference and the $T$-reverse meson tran...

  8. Heavy meson spectroscopy under strong magnetic field

    CERN Document Server

    Yoshida, Tetsuya

    2016-01-01

    Spectra of the neutral heavy mesons, $\\eta_c(1S,2S)$, $J/psi$, $\\psi(2S)$, $\\eta_b(1S,2S,3S)$, $\\Upsilon(1S,2S,3S)$, $D$, $D^\\ast$, $B$, $B^\\ast$, $B_s$ and $B_s^\\ast$, in a homogeneous magnetic field are analyzed in a potential model of constituent quarks. To obtain anisotropic wave functions and the corresponding eigenvalues, the cylindrical Gaussian expansion method is applied, where the wave functions for transverse and longitudinal directions in the cylindrical coordinate are expanded by the Gaussian bases separately. Energy level structures in the wide range of magnetic field are obtained and the deformation of the wave functions is shown, which reflects effects of the spin mixing, the Zeeman splitting and quark Landau levels. The contribution from the magnetic catalysis in heavy-light mesons is discussed as a change of the light constituent quark mass.

  9. Intravenous anti-D treatment of immune thrombocytopenic purpura: experience in 272 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scaradavou, A; Woo, B; Woloski, B M; Cunningham-Rundles, S; Ettinger, L J; Aledort, L M; Bussel, J B

    1997-04-15

    We report the results of intravenous anti-D (WinRho, WinRho SD) therapy in 261 non-splenectomized patients treated at the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center over the period from 1987 to 1994. Children (n = 124) and adult patients (n = 137) with classic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP; n = 156) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related thrombocytopenia (n = 105) and acute (n = 75) or chronic (n = 186) disease at the time of the initial anti-D treatment were studied. In addition, 11 previously splenectomized patients were treated as a separate group. Our objectives were to evaluate the following. (1) Efficacy of anti-D: The response after the initial infusion was analyzed according to clinical parameters, such as patient's age, HIV status, gender, disease duration, pretreatment platelet count, and hemoglobin value, as well as treatment-related factors, including the dose of anti-D, the solvent detergent treatment of the preparation, and the type of administration. (2) Use of anti-D as maintenance therapy: The duration of response after the initial infusion and the results of subsequent treatments were evaluated. (3) Safety/toxicity of anti-D: Postinfusion reactions and hemoglobin decrease after treatment were studied. Anti-D is a safe treatment providing a hemostatic platelet increase in greater than 70% of the Rh+ non-splenectomized patients. The group with the best results is HIV- children, but all patient groups respond and the effect lasts more than 21 days in 50% of the responders. Duration of response is not influenced by HIV status; furthermore, HIV+ patients show no adverse effects on hemoglobin decrease or HIV disease progression. Patients with chronic ITP after splenectomy have minimal or no response to intravenous anti-D. PMID:9108386

  10. Comparison of dexamethasone and Anti-D Immune globulin for immune thrombocytopenia purpura in children

    OpenAIRE

    Abdollah Banihashem; Hamid Farhangi; Mojtaba Mousavi Bazaz; Zahra Badiee; Ali Ghasemi; Sara Hesari

    2014-01-01

    Different therapeutic options in children with immune thrombocytopenic purpura include observation alone, periodic treatment with corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) or anti-D, chronic administration of immunosuppressive agents, and splenectomy. Preference of the type of therapy depends on the degree of thrombocytopenia and clinical bleeding manifestations. Dexamethasone is safe but its side effects are the main disadvantages for its usage. Anti-D is more expensive than dexamet...

  11. Medium modifications of mesons. Chiral symmetry restoration, in-medium QCD sum rules for D and ρ mesons, and Bethe-Salpeter equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hilger, Thomas Uwe

    2012-04-11

    The interplay of hadron properties and their modification in an ambient nuclear medium on the one hand and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking and its restoration on the other hand is investigated. QCD sum rules for D and B mesons embedded in cold nuclear matter are evaluated. We quantify the mass splitting of D- anti D and B- anti B mesons as a function of the nuclear matter density and investigate the impact of various condensates in linear density approximation. The analysis also includes D{sub s} and D{sup *}{sub 0} mesons. QCD sum rules for chiral partners in the open-charm meson sector are presented at nonzero baryon net density or temperature. We focus on the differences between pseudo-scalar and scalar as well as vector and axial-vector D mesons and derive the corresponding Weinberg type sum rules. Based on QCD sum rules we explore the consequences of a scenario for the ρ meson, where the chiral symmetry breaking condensates are set to zero whereas the chirally symmetric condensates remain at their vacuum values. The complementarity of mass shift and broadening is discussed. An alternative approach which utilizes coupled Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations for quark-antiquark bound states is investigated. For this purpose we analyze the analytic structure of the quark propagators in the complex plane numerically and test the possibility to widen the applicability of the method to the sector of heavy-light mesons in the scalar and pseudo-scalar channels, such as the D mesons, by varying the momentum partitioning parameter. The solutions of the Dyson-Schwinger equation in the Wigner-Weyl phase of chiral symmetry at nonzero bare quark masses are used to investigate a scenario with explicit but without dynamical chiral symmetry breaking.

  12. Medium modifications of mesons. Chiral symmetry restoration, in-medium QCD sum rules for D and ρ mesons, and Bethe-Salpeter equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The interplay of hadron properties and their modification in an ambient nuclear medium on the one hand and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking and its restoration on the other hand is investigated. QCD sum rules for D and B mesons embedded in cold nuclear matter are evaluated. We quantify the mass splitting of D- anti D and B- anti B mesons as a function of the nuclear matter density and investigate the impact of various condensates in linear density approximation. The analysis also includes Ds and D*0 mesons. QCD sum rules for chiral partners in the open-charm meson sector are presented at nonzero baryon net density or temperature. We focus on the differences between pseudo-scalar and scalar as well as vector and axial-vector D mesons and derive the corresponding Weinberg type sum rules. Based on QCD sum rules we explore the consequences of a scenario for the ρ meson, where the chiral symmetry breaking condensates are set to zero whereas the chirally symmetric condensates remain at their vacuum values. The complementarity of mass shift and broadening is discussed. An alternative approach which utilizes coupled Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations for quark-antiquark bound states is investigated. For this purpose we analyze the analytic structure of the quark propagators in the complex plane numerically and test the possibility to widen the applicability of the method to the sector of heavy-light mesons in the scalar and pseudo-scalar channels, such as the D mesons, by varying the momentum partitioning parameter. The solutions of the Dyson-Schwinger equation in the Wigner-Weyl phase of chiral symmetry at nonzero bare quark masses are used to investigate a scenario with explicit but without dynamical chiral symmetry breaking.

  13. Immunologic effects of anti-D (WinRho-SD) in children with immune thrombocytopenic purpura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, S A; Malinoski, F J; Ware, R E

    1998-02-01

    Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is an effective treatment for immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) that induces transient blockade of the reticuloendothelial system (RES) with additional effects including alteration of T lymphocyte subsets and suppression of in vitro T lymphocyte proliferation. As anti-D also is an effective treatment for ITP, we investigated its in vitro and in vivo immunologic effects. The in vitro effects of various agents used in ITP therapy were compared using T lymphocyte proliferation assays. Anti-D caused significantly less inhibition than IVIG or dexamethasone, but non-specific protein was as suppressive as IVIG. Six children with chronic ITP were studied following anti-D administration. Patients received a single dose of anti-D (WinRho-SD, 50 microg/kg i.v. over 5 min) and were studied on day 0, day 7, and 1 month later. Anti-D did not affect T lymphocyte subsets including the T cell receptor variable beta repertoire, in vitro T lymphocyte proliferation to mitogens, recall antigens, or interleukin-2, in vitro IgG synthesis induced by pokeweed mitogen, or T lymphocyte cytokine mRNA levels. We conclude that anti-D has no demonstrable in vitro or in vivo effects on lymphocyte enumeration or function, and therefore likely is effective in the treatment of ITP primarily through RES blockade. PMID:9462545

  14. Static-light meson-meson potentials

    CERN Document Server

    Bali, Gunnar

    2010-01-01

    We investigate potentials between pairs of static-light mesons in Nf=2 Lattice QCD, in different spin channels. The question of attraction and repulsion is particularly interesting with respect to the X(3872) charmonium state and charged candidates such as the Z+(4430). We employ the nonperturbatively improved Sheikholeslami-Wohlert fermion and the Wilson gauge actions at a lattice spacing a approx. 0.084 fm and a pseudoscalar mass mPS approx. 760 MeV. We use stochastic all-to-all propagator techniques, improved by a hopping parameter expansion. The analysis is based on the variational method, utilizing various source and sink interpolators.

  15. Mesons in strong magnetic fields: (I) General analyses

    CERN Document Server

    Hattori, Koichi; Su, Nan

    2015-01-01

    We study properties of neutral and charged mesons in strong magnetic fields |eB|>> Lambda_QCD^2 with Lambda_QCD being the QCD renormalization scale. Assuming long-range interactions, we examine magnetic-field dependences of various quantities such as the constituent quark mass, chiral condensate, meson spectra, and meson wavefunctions by analyzing the Schwinger-Dyson and Bethe-Salpeter equations. Based on the density of states obtained from these analyses, we extend the hadron resonance gas (HRG) model to investigate thermodynamics at large B. As B increases the meson energy behaves as a slowly growing function of the meson's transverse momenta, and thus a large number of meson states is accommodated in the low energy domain; the density of states at low temperature is proportional to B^2. This extended transverse phase space in the infrared regime significantly enhances the HRG pressure at finite temperature, so that the system reaches the percolation or chiral restoration regime at lower temperature compare...

  16. Mesons in strong magnetic fields: (I) General analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hattori, Koichi; Kojo, Toru; Su, Nan

    2016-07-01

    We study properties of neutral and charged mesons in strong magnetic fields | eB | ≫ ΛQCD2 with ΛQCD being the QCD renormalization scale. Assuming long-range interactions, we examine magnetic-field dependences of various quantities such as the constituent quark mass, chiral condensate, meson spectra, and meson wavefunctions by analyzing the Schwinger-Dyson and Bethe-Salpeter equations. Based on the density of states obtained from these analyses, we extend the hadron resonance gas (HRG) model to investigate thermodynamics at large B. As B increases the meson energy behaves as a slowly growing function of the meson's transverse momenta, and thus a large number of meson states is accommodated in the low energy domain; the density of states at low temperature is proportional to B2. This extended transverse phase space in the infrared regime significantly enhances the HRG pressure at finite temperature, so that the system reaches the percolation or chiral restoration regime at lower temperature compared to the case without a magnetic field; this simple picture would offer a gauge invariant and intuitive explanation of the inverse magnetic catalysis.

  17. Glueball-meson mixing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vento, Vicente [Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Universidad de Valencia, Burjassot (Spain)

    2016-01-15

    Calculations in unquenched QCD for the scalar glueball spectrum have confirmed previous results of Gluodynamics finding a glueball at ∝1750 MeV. I analyze the implications of this discovery from the point of view of glueball-meson mixing in light of the experimental scalar spectrum. (orig.)

  18. Study of central collisions of relativistic 12C and 40Ar on 208Pb, using neutral and charged pi-meson production, and charged particle multiplicity as probes. Volumes 1 and II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent advances in accelerator technology have made it possible to accelerate nuclei much heavier than the proton to relativistic energies, opening the study of nuclear matter to a new and exciting avenue of scientific inquiry - the study of relativistic heavy ion collisions. To help expand the boundaries of current knowlege in this field, and to understand the detailed nature of the collision process more fully, the rate of charged and neutral pion production, the total charged particle multiplicity, and the production of low energy γ rays have been measured for central collisions relativistic 12C and 40Ar on 208Pb. Using the results of these measurements, an effort has been made to determine what phenomena may exist which are uniquely characteristic of central collisions of relativistic heavy ions, how central collisions of relativistic heavy ions may be parameterized, e.g., by charged particle multiplicity, so that future studies may be done more systematically, and how thoroughly the incident energy and momentum delivered by the projectile are distributed among the nucleons which participate in the reaction. Toward that end, the observations of the current study are compared with existing heavy ion collision theories whenever possible. The neutral pion production measurments presented in this work represent the first reported data of their kind, and consequently are of particular interest. Overall, the rate of both charged and neutral pion production is found to be a smoothly increasing function of beam energy

  19. Constrained superfields from an anti-D3-brane in KKLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vercnocke, Bert; Wrase, Timm

    2016-08-01

    The KKLT construction of dS vacua [1] relies on an uplift term that arises from an anti-D3-brane. It was argued by Kachru, Pearson and Verlinde [2] that this anti-D3-brane is an excited state in a supersymmetric theory since it can decay to a supersymmetric ground state. Hence the anti-D3-brane breaks supersymmetry spontaneously and one should be able to package all the world-volume fields on the anti-D3-brane into a four dimensional {N} = 1 supersymmetric action. Here we extend previous results and identify the constrained superfields that correspond to all the degrees of freedom on the anti-D3-brane. In particular, we show explicitly that the four 4D worldvolume spinors give rise to constrained chiral multiplets S and Y i , i = 1 , 2 , 3 that satisfy S 2 = SY i = 0. We also conjecture (and provide evidence in a forthcoming publication) that the vector field A μ and the three scalars ϕ i give rise to a field strength multiplet W α and three chiral multiplets H i that satisfy the constraints S{W}_{α }={overline{D}}_{overset{\\cdot }{α }}(S{overline{H}}^i)=0 . This is the first time that such constrained multiplets appear in string theory constructions.

  20. Magnetic dipole moments of the heavy tensor mesons in QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aliev, T.M. [Middle East Technical University, Physics Department, Ankara (Turkey); Institute of Physics, Baku (Azerbaijan); Barakat, T. [Middle East Technical University, Physics Department, Ankara (Turkey); King Saud University, Physics and Astronomy Department, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Savci, M. [Middle East Technical University, Physics Department, Ankara (Turkey)

    2015-11-15

    The magnetic dipole moments of the D{sub 2}, and D{sub S{sub 2}}, B{sub 2}, and B{sub S{sub 2}} heavy tensor mesons are estimated in framework of the light cone QCD sum rules. It is observed that the magnetic dipole moments for the charged mesons are larger than that of its neutral counterpart. It is found that the SU(3) flavor symmetry violation is about 10 % in both b and c sectors. (orig.)

  1. Flavour tagging of $b$ mesons in $pp$ collisions at LHCb

    CERN Multimedia

    Mueller, Vanessa

    2016-01-01

    Flavour tagging, i.e. the inference of the production flavour of reconstructed $b$ hadrons, is essential for precision measurements of decay time-dependent $CP$ violation and of mixing parameters in the the neutral $B$ meson systems. LHC's $pp$ collisions with their high track multiplicities constitute a challenging environment for flavour tagging and demand for new and improved strategies. We present recent progress and new developments in flavour tagging at the LHCb experiment, which will allow for a further improvement of $CP$ violation measurements in decays of $B^0$ and $B_s^0$ mesons.

  2. Low frequency of anti-D alloimmunization following D+ platelet transfusion: the Anti-D Alloimmunization after D-incompatible Platelet Transfusions (ADAPT) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cid, Joan; Lozano, Miguel; Ziman, Alyssa; West, Kamille A; O'Brien, Kerry L; Murphy, Michael F; Wendel, Silvano; Vázquez, Alejandro; Ortín, Xavier; Hervig, Tor A; Delaney, Meghan; Flegel, Willy A; Yazer, Mark H

    2015-02-01

    The reported frequency of D alloimmunization in D- recipients after transfusion of D+ platelets varies. This study was designed to determine the frequency of D alloimmunization, previously reported to be an average of 5 ± 2%. A primary anti-D immune response was defined as the detection of anti-D ≥ 28 d following the first D+ platelet transfusion. Data were collected on 485 D- recipients of D+ platelets in 11 centres between 2010 and 2012. Their median age was 60 (range 2-100) years. Diagnoses included: haematological (203/485, 42%), oncological (64/485, 13%) and other diseases (218/485, 45%). Only 7/485 (1·44%; 95% CI 0·58-2·97%) recipients had a primary anti-D response after a median serological follow-up of 77 d (range: 28-2111). There were no statistically significant differences between the primary anti-D formers and the other patients, in terms of gender, age, receipt of immunosuppressive therapy, proportion of patients with haematological/oncological diseases, transfusion of whole blood-derived or apheresis platelets or both, and total number of transfused platelet products. This is the largest study with the longest follow-up of D alloimmunization following D+ platelet transfusion. The low frequency of D alloimmunization should be considered when deciding whether to administer Rh Immune Globulin to D- males and D- females without childbearing potential after transfusion of D+ platelets. PMID:25283094

  3. Case report: passively acquired anti-D in a D+ pregnant patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holub, M P; Kitchen, K; Mensinger, E

    1999-01-01

    A sample was submitted for serologic evaluation from a pregnant patient with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) for possible transfusion in the future because of a decreased platelet count. Anti-D and -E were identified in the patient's serum using several antibody identification techniques, and anti-D was recovered in an acid eluate prepared from the patient's red cells. It was discovered that WinRho had been administered to treat the ITP. This product has been licensed for treatment of nonsplenectomized D+ children and adults with ITP to increase the platelet count. Administration of anti-D to D+ individuals for treatment of ITP can cause a red cell anemia. PMID:15373521

  4. Faulty blood typing misled by auto anti-D in AIHA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Guining; Chen, Fenghua; Rao, Shenzong; Hu, Lihua

    2014-04-01

    Pre-transfusion testing is a vital link to enhance patients' safety but may be influenced by heterotypic blood transfusion and disease. Previous history of blood transfusion most of time help us determine the blood type. On the other hand, it can also mislead technicians to a wrong conclusion. Anti-D, which is clinically important in hemolytic transfusion reaction, is either alloimmunized by transfusion, pregnancy or induced in certain diseases. Here, we reported a rare case with false blood identification interfered by heterotypic blood transfusion and auto anti-D in autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). PMID:24508149

  5. Uplifting the baryonic branch: a test for backreacting anti-D3-branes

    OpenAIRE

    Dymarsky, Anatoly; Massai, Stefano

    2014-01-01

    Placing D3 or anti-D3-branes at the tip of the Klebanov-Strassler background results in uplifting the baryonic branch of the moduli space of the dual field theory. In this paper we derive a mass formula for the scalar particle associated with the motion along the baryonic branch, from both open and closed string points of view. We show that both methods give the same mass at linear order in number of (anti)D3-branes, thus providing a comprehensive check for the recently found linearized super...

  6. Strong phases and D0-anti-D0 mixing parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Falk, Adam F.; Nir, Yosef; Petrov, Alexey A.

    1999-01-01

    We argue that there could be large, SU(3) violating resonance contributions to D -> K pi decays which would affect the extraction of the D0-anti-D0 mixing parameters from experiment. Such contributions can induce a large strong phase in the interference between the doubly Cabibbo suppressed and the mixing induced Cabibbo favored contributions to the D0 -> K^+ pi^- and anti-D0 -> K^- pi^+ decays. Consequently, the interpretation of a large, CP conserving interference term can involve a large m...

  7. The backreaction of anti-D3 branes on the Klebanov-Strassler geometry

    OpenAIRE

    Bena, Iosif; Giecold, Gregory; Graña, Mariana; Halmagyi, Nick; Massai, Stefano

    2013-01-01

    We present the full numerical solution for the 15-dimensional space of linearized deformations of the Klebanov-Strassler background which preserve the SU(2) X SU(2) X Z_2 symmetries. We identify within this space the solution corresponding to anti-D3 branes, (modulo the presence of a certain subleading singularity in the infrared). All the 15 integration constants of this solution are fixed in terms of the number of anti-D3 branes, and the solution differs in the UV from the supersymmetric so...

  8. Light Meson Distribution Amplitudes

    CERN Document Server

    Arthur, R; Brommel, D; Donnellan, M A; Flynn, J M; Juttner, A; de Lima, H Pedroso; Rae, T D; Sachrajda, C T; Samways, B

    2010-01-01

    We calculated the first two moments of the light-cone distribution amplitudes for the pseudoscalar mesons ($\\pi$ and $K$) and the longitudinally polarised vector mesons ($\\rho$, $K^*$ and $\\phi$) as part of the UKQCD and RBC collaborations' $N_f=2+1$ domain-wall fermion phenomenology programme. These quantities were obtained with a good precision and, in particular, the expected effects of $SU(3)$-flavour symmetry breaking were observed. Operators were renormalised non-perturbatively and extrapolations to the physical point were made, guided by leading order chiral perturbation theory. The main results presented are for two volumes, $16^3\\times 32$ and $24^3\\times 64$, with a common lattice spacing. Preliminary results for a lattice with a finer lattice spacing, $32^3\\times64$, are discussed and a first look is taken at the use of twisted boundary conditions to extract distribution amplitudes.

  9. Photoproduction of Pseudoscalar Mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Arndt, R A; O'Rielly, G V; Strakovsky, I I; Workman, R L

    2003-01-01

    Experiments that study the photoproduction of pseudoscalar mesons; pions, etas and kaons, have the potential to increase our knowledge of baryon and hyperon resonance properties. Recent experiments at JLab, Mainz, GRAAL, and Bonn are beginning to produce results in the form of polarization and asymmetry measurements and determinations of the differential and integrated cross sections. These new data are essential to the performance of Partial-Wave Analyses that are less model dependent and coupled-channels calculations that incorporate unitarity dynamically,combining hadronic reaction channels together with electromagnetic processes. This approach is necessary to extract resonance properties and may lead to the identification of missing, but predicted, resonances. Some recent experimental and phenomenological results for single and double pseudoscalar meson photoproduction are discussed.

  10. Exotic meson challenges rules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A heavy particle with an unusual decay pattern discovered by the Belle experiment at KEK in Japan is the latest addition to the meson family tree. If we had to name a modern-day Mendeleev, his name would surely be Murray Gell-Mann. In the 1960s, faced with a bewildering array of particles called hadrons that had been turning up in high-energy experiments around the world, Gell-Mann proposed that the particles were combinations of a few fundamental entities called quarks. This idea brought order into the hadronic chaos, a feat for which Gell-Man was awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize for Physics. Ever since the quark model was introduced, physicists have wanted to find out how the six different types of quarks - up (u), down (d), strange (s), charm (c), bottom (b) and top (t) - combine to form the hadrons we observe. The simple hadronic structures that we see are easy to define: mesons such as pions and kaons consist of a quark and an antiquark pair, while baryons such as protons and neutrons are made up of three quarks or three antiquarks. But the theory that describes quarks, quantum chromodynamics (QCD), also permits particles containing four or more quarks. Indeed, a meson can be more generally defined as a hadron that has an integer value of intrinsic angular momentum in quantum units, while baryons have half-integer multiples of spin. Discovering such exotic hadrons, particularly mesons with more than the minimal quark-antiquark structure, would therefore provide crucial information for our understanding of the strong force. In fact, physicists thought they had glimpsed a five-quark state called a 'pentaquark' in 2003. Sadly this excitement looks as if it was misplaced, since the latest results from dedicated experimental searches suggest that pentaquarks are a purely statistical phenomenon (see Physics World May p7: print edition only). (U.K.)

  11. A theory of scalar mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hooft, G. t' [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Utrecht University, and Spinoza Institute, Postbus 8000, 3508 TA Utrecht (Netherlands); Isidori, G. [Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy); INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Via E.Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati (Italy); Maiani, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma ' La Sapienza' , P.le A. Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Roma ' La Sapienza' , P.le A. Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy); Polosa, A.D. [INFN, Sezione di Roma ' La Sapienza' , P.le A. Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy)], E-mail: antonio.polosa@cern.ch; Riquer, V. [INFN, Sezione di Roma ' La Sapienza' , P.le A. Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy)

    2008-05-08

    We discuss the effect of the instanton induced, six-fermion effective Lagrangian on the decays of the lightest scalar mesons in the diquark-antidiquark picture. This addition allows for a remarkably good description of light scalar meson decays. The same effective Lagrangian produces a mixing of the lightest scalars with the positive parity qq-bar states. Comparing with previous work where the qq-bar mesons are identified with the nonet at 1200-1700 MeV, we find that the mixing required to fit the mass spectrum is in good agreement with the instanton coupling obtained from light scalar decays. A coherent picture of scalar mesons as a mixture of tetraquark states (dominating in the lightest mesons) and heavy qq-bar states (dominating in the heavier mesons) emerges.

  12. Heavy meson in nuclear medium

    CERN Document Server

    Tolos, L; Garcia-Recio, C; Molina, R; Nieves, J; Oset, E; Ramos, A

    2010-01-01

    The properties of charmed mesons in dense matter are studied using a unitary coupled-channel approach in the nuclear medium which takes into account Pauli-blocking effects and meson self-energies in a self-consistent manner. We obtain the open-charm meson spectral functions in this dense nuclear environment, and discuss their implications on hidden charm and charm scalar resonances and on the formation of $D$-mesic nuclei at FAIR.

  13. Trends in anti-D immune globulin for childhood immune thrombocytopenia: Usage, response rates, and adverse effects

    OpenAIRE

    Long, Michelle; Kalish, Leslie A.; Neufeld, Ellis J.; Grace, Rachael F.

    2011-01-01

    In 2010, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) added a black box warning to anti-D immune globulin (Rho(D) immune globulin, anti-D) for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) to warn of the complications related to severe hemolysis. The objective of this retrospective medical record review was to examine recent trends in anti-D use to treat ITP and rates of adverse events in a single large pediatric hematology program. Over a 7-year period, 176 (35%) of 502 ITP patients at our center received anti-D....

  14. Charmed mesons in nuclear matter

    CERN Document Server

    Tolos, L; Garcia-Recio, C; Oset, E; Molina, R; Nieves, J; Ramos, A

    2010-01-01

    We obtain the properties of charmed mesons in dense matter using a coupled-channel approach which accounts for Pauli blocking effects and meson self-energies in a self-consistent manner. We study the behaviour of dynamically-generated baryonic resonances together with the open-charm meson spectral functions in this dense nuclear environment. We discuss the implications of the in-medium properties of open-charm mesons on the $D_{s0}(2317)$ and the predicted X(3700) scalar resonances, and on the formation of $D$-mesic nuclei.

  15. Anti-D treatment for pediatric immune thrombocytopenia: Is the bad reputation justified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yacobovich, Joanne; Abu-Ahmed, Sabreen; Steinberg-Shemer, Orna; Goldberg, Tracie; Cohen, Miriam; Tamary, Hannah

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and side effect profile of the repeated use of anti-D for the treatment of pediatric immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in a large pediatric hematology center. We performed a retrospective analysis of patient records for children (aged 4 months-18 years) treated for ITP at Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel from 1995-2015. Demographic and clinical data, reported adverse events, and therapy response were extracted from written and electronic files for all patients having received anti-D. Therapy response was defined as time to platelet count >30 x 10(9)/L. Thirty-six patients received 170 treatments of anti-D at a dose of 75 μg/kg. The majority were previously treated with corticosteroids and/or intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). Minimal adverse events were recorded including fever (3.5%), vomiting (2.9%), and headaches (1.7%). Notably only 1/170 treatments required blood transfusion and no life-threatening events occurred. The average time to platelets >30 x 10(9)/L was 2.3 days, with a median of 1 day, range 1-12 days. Despite the reported severe adverse events in mainly elderly patients, the use of anti-D can be safe and effective in carefully chosen, low-risk pediatric patients with ITP. PMID:27312170

  16. Risk Factors for RhD Immunisation Despite Antenatal and Postnatal Anti-D Prophylaxis COMMENT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.M. Koelewijn; M. de Haas; T.G.M. Vrijkotte; C.E. van der Schoot; G.J. Bonsel

    2010-01-01

    Despite routine antenatal and postnatal administration of anti-D immunoglobulin (Ig) during pregnancy and delivery in a previous pregnancy, 0.1% to 0.3% of women are found to have Rhesus D (RhD) antibodies in their next pregnancy. The primary aim of this case-control study was to identify causative

  17. A nation-wide fetal RHD screening programme for targeted antenatal and postnatal anti-D

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haas, M. de; Ploeg, C.P.B. van der; Scheffer, P.G.; Verlinden, D.A.; Hirschberg, H.; Abbink, F.; Schoot, C.E. van der

    2012-01-01

    In the Netherlands, since 1 July 2011, both antenatal anti-D immunoprophylaxis (1000 IU in the 30th week of gestation) and postnatal prophylaxis (1000 IU) is administered to only those women for whom a fetal RHD typing, performed in week 27 of pregnancy, predicts the presence of a D-positive child.

  18. Lessons from CLEO and FOCUS Measurements of D0-anti-D0 Mixing Parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Bergmann, Sven; Grossman, Yuval; Ligeti, Zoltan; Nir, Yosef; Petrov, Alexey A.

    2000-01-01

    If the true values of the D0-anti-D0 mixing parameters lie within the one sigma ranges of recent measurements, then there is strong evidence for a large width difference, y > 0.01, and large SU(3) breaking effects in strong phases, \\delta > pi/4. These constraints are model independent, and would become stronger if M_{12}/Gamma_{12}

  19. Functional in vitro studies of recombinant human immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin A anti-D

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Leif Kofoed; Green, Trine Hefsgaard; Norderhaug, Lars;

    2007-01-01

    The use of anti-D purified from human serum to prevent hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn due to D is well established. Owing to supply and safety reasons, however, an unlimited and non-plasma-derived source of antibodies for Rhesus prophylaxis is needed....

  20. MesonNet Workshop on Meson Transition Form Factors

    CERN Document Server

    Czerwinski, E; Hanhart, C; Kubis, B; Kupsc, A; Leupold, S; Moskal, P; Schadmand, S

    2012-01-01

    The mini-proceedings of the Workshop on Meson Transition Form Factors held in Cracow from May 29th to 30th, 2012 introduce the meson transition form factor project with special emphasis on the interrelations between the various form factors (on-shell, single off-shell, double off-shell). Short summaries of the talks presented at the workshop follow.

  1. Neutral kaons without Weisskopf-Wigner approximation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The model-independent formalism is constructed to describe decays of mixed particles without using the Weisskopf-Wigner approximation (WWA). Limitations due to various symmetries are traced for neutral K mesons. As an application we show that effects of CPT violation and going beyond WWA may be separated and studied independently. 16 refs

  2. Neutral Kaons without Weisskopf-Wigner Approximation

    OpenAIRE

    Azimov, Ya. I.

    1995-01-01

    The model-independent formalism is constructed to describe decays of mixed particles without using the Weisskopf-Wigner approximation. Limitations due to various symmetries are traced for neutral $K-$mesons. As an application we show that effects of $CPT-$violation and going beyond WWA may be separated and studied independently.

  3. Bounds on Leptoquark and Supersymmetric, R-parity violating Interactions from Meson Decays

    CERN Document Server

    Herz, M

    2003-01-01

    We present constraints on products of two leptoquark (LQ) coupling constants. The bounds are obtained from meson decays, in particular leptonic \\pi, K, D, D_s, B, B_s decays. Furthermore semileptonic meson decays and mixing in neutral meson systems are discussed. We use the Buchmueller-Rueckl-Wyler-model for scalar and vector LQs. Bounds on R-parity violation can be extracted directly from the corresponding LQ bounds. Our results are listed in the Tables 6 (for LQs) and 7 (for SUSY particles) with english captions. The bounds of Davidson/Bailey/Campbell were updated. The SUSY-bounds of Dreiner/Polesello/Thormeier were reproduced.

  4. Predictions of quaternionic quantum mechanics for CP nonconservation in the B and D meson systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We apply the quaternionic quantum mechanics model for CP nonconservation, previously developed by Adler for K mesons, to heavy-flavor systems. We show that unlike superweak models, it can accommodate anomalously large D0-D-bar 0 mixing. On the other hand, in common with superweak models, the quaternionic model predicts zero partial-decay-rate asymmetries for decays of charged B and D mesons, and predicts final-state-independent partial-decay-rate asymmetries for the decays of neutral B and D mesons into CP eigenstates

  5. Antiproton--proton annihilation into pion pairs within effective meson theory

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Ying; Tomasi-Gustafsson, Egle

    2015-01-01

    Antiproton--proton annihilation into light mesons is revisited in the few GeV energy domain, in view of a global description of the existing data. An effective meson model is developed, with mesonic and baryonic degrees od freedom in $s$, $t$, and $u$ channels. Regge factors are added to reproduce the proper energy behavior and the forward and backward peaked behavior. A comparison with existing data and predictions for angular distributions and energy dependence are done for charged and neutral pion pair production.

  6. Limited Neutrality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Morten Ebbe Juul

    2006-01-01

    Article Concerning the prospect of a kind of limited neutrality in place of the standard liberal egalitarian "neutrality of justification."......Article Concerning the prospect of a kind of limited neutrality in place of the standard liberal egalitarian "neutrality of justification."...

  7. Exotic meson spectroscopy with CLAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adams, G.; Napolitano, J. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States)

    1994-04-01

    The identification and study of mesons with explicit gluonic degrees of freedom will provide major constraints on nonperturbative QCD and models thereof. CLAS will provide a unique opportunity for studying these resonances by measuring photoproduction of multi-meson final states.

  8. The light meson spectroscopy program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Elton S.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Recent discoveries of a number of unexpected new charmomium-like meson states at the BaBar and Belle B-factories have demonstrated how little is still known about meson spectroscopy. In this talk we will review recent highlights of the light quark spectroscopy from collider and fixed target experiments.

  9. Heavy meson fragmentation at LHC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Gomshi Nobary

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available   Large Hadron Collider (LHC at CERN will provide excellent opportunity to study the production and decay of heavy mesons and baryons with high statistics. We aim at the heavy mesons in this work and calculate their fragmentation functions consistent with this machine and present their total fragmentation probabilities and average fragmentation parameters.

  10. Exotic mesons: status and future

    OpenAIRE

    Klempt, Eberhard

    2007-01-01

    The evidence for the existence of mesons with exotic quantum numbers and of hybrid candidates with non-exotic quantum numbers is critically reviewed, including candidates with hidden charm. Aims and methods of future searches for hybrid mesons are briefly discussed.

  11. Meson resonances on the lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edwards, Robert G. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)

    2016-06-01

    There has been recent, significant, advances in the determination of the meson spectrum of QCD. Current efforts have focused on the development and application of finite-volume formalisms that allow for the determination of scattering amplitudes as well as resonance behavior in coupled channel systems. I will review some of these recent developments, and demonstrate the viability of the method in meson systems

  12. Meson Resonances from Lattice QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edwards, Robert G. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)

    2016-06-01

    There has been recent, significant, advances in the determination of the meson spectrum of QCD. Current efforts have focused on the development and application of finite-volume formalisms that allow for the determination of scattering amplitudes as well as resonance behavior in coupled channel systems. I will review some of these recent developments, and demonstrate the viability of the method in meson systems.

  13. K^* Mesons and Nucleon Strangeness

    OpenAIRE

    Barz, L. L.; Forkel, H.; Hammer, H. -W.; Navarra, F. S.; Nielsen, M; Ramsey-Musolf, M. J.

    1998-01-01

    We study contributions to the nucleon strange quark vector current form factors from intermediate states containing K^* mesons. We show how these contributions may be comparable in magnitude to those made by K mesons, using methods complementary to those employed in quark model studies. We also analyze the degree of theoretical uncertainty associated with K^* contributions.

  14. The light meson spectroscopy program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Elton S. [JLAB

    2014-06-01

    Recent discoveries of a number of unexpected new charmomium-like meson states at the BaBar and Belle B-factories have demonstrated how little is still known about meson spectroscopy. In this talk we will review recent highlights of the light quark spectroscopy from collider and fixed target experiments.

  15. The. eta. -meson mass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plouin, F.; Beurtey, R.; Boivin, M.; Milleret, G.; Nakach, A. (Lab. National Saturne, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)); Fleury, P. (Lab. de Physique Nucleaire et Hautes Energies, Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France)); Bachelier, D.; Boyard, J.L.; Hennino, T. (Inst. de Physique Nucleaire, 91 - Orsay (France)); Boudard, A.; Mayer, B. (DAPNIA/SPN, C.E. de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)); Briscoe, W. (Dept. of Physics, George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)); Kessler, R.; Nefkens, B.M.K.; Pillai, C.; Whitten, C. (Dept. of Physics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Moalem, A. (Ben Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Beer Sheva (Israel)); Wilkin, C. (Univ. Coll. London (United Kingdom))

    1992-02-20

    The mass of the {eta} meson has been measured through the study of the dp{yields}{sup 3}He {eta} reaction near threshold, the beam having been calibrated through comparison with three other nuclear reactions. The value obtained is m{sub {eta}}=547.30{+-}0.15 MeV/c{sup 2}, where the error bar includes both systematic and statistical effects. This is much more precise and significantly lower than the Particle Data Group average, though it is consistent with a previous counter experiment. (orig.).

  16. Physics Opportunities with Meson Beams

    CERN Document Server

    Briscoe, William J; Haberzettl, Helmut; Manley, D Mark; Naruki, Megumi; Strakovsky, Igor I; Swanson, Eric S

    2015-01-01

    Over the past two decades, meson photo- and electro-production data of unprecedented quality and quantity have been measured at electromagnetic facilities worldwide. By contrast, the meson-beam data for the same hadronic final states are mostly outdated and largely of poor quality, or even nonexistent, and thus provide inadequate input to help interpret, analyze, and exploit the full potential of the new electromagnetic data. To reap the full benefit of the high-precision electromagnetic data, new high-statistics data from measurements with meson beams, with good angle and energy coverage for a wide range of reactions, are critically needed to advance our knowledge in baryon and meson spectroscopy and other related areas of hadron physics. To address this situation, a state of-the-art meson-beam facility needs to be constructed. The present paper summarizes unresolved issues in hadron physics and outlines the vast opportunities and advances that only become possible with such a facility.

  17. Chiral Quark Model of Mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, X J; Wang, Xiao-Jun; Yan, Mu-Lin

    1999-01-01

    We study SU(3)$_L\\timesSU(3)_R$ chiral quark model of mesons up to next leading order of $1/N_c$ expansion. Composite vector and axial-vector mesons resonances are introduced via non-linear realization of chiral SU(3) and vector meson dominant. Effects of one-loop graphs of pseudoscalar, vector and axial-vector mesons is calculated systematically and the significant results are obtained. Correction of effective gluon interaction is studied too. The light quark masses are introduced via new mechanism which agree with phenomenology and the requirement of chiral symmetry. Up to powers four of derivatives, chiral effective lagrangian of mesons is derived and evaluated to next leading order of $1/N_c$. Low energy limit of the model is examined. Ten low energy coupling constants $L_i(i=1,2,...,10)$ in ChPT are obtained and agree with ChPT well.

  18. The analysis and quantification of a clonal B cell response in a hyperimmunized anti-D donor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.E. Dohmen; O.J.H.M. Verhagen; S.M. de Groot; L.M. Stott; R.C. Aalberse; S.J. Urbaniak; C.E. van der Schoot

    2006-01-01

    Healthy volunteers are hyperimmunized with RhD-positive red cells in order to obtain plasma containing high titres of anti-D immunoglobulin, which is used for the prevention of haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. We analysed the anti-D immune response in a donor who had been hyperimmunized

  19. Structure of scalar mesons and the Higgs sector of strong interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Schumacher, Martin

    2011-01-01

    The scalar mesons $\\sigma(600)$, $\\kappa(800)$, $f_0(980)$ and $a_0(980)$ together with the pseudo Goldstone bosons $\\pi$, $K$, and $\\eta$ may be considered as the Higgs sector of strong interaction. After a long time of uncertainty about the internal structure of the scalar mesons there now seems to be consistency which is in line with the major parts of experimental observations. Great progress has been made by introducing the unified model of Close and T\\"ornqvist. This model states that mesons below 1 GeV may be understood as $q^2\\bar{q}^2$ in S-wave with some $q\\bar{q}$ in P-wave in the center, further out they rearrange as $(q\\bar{q})^2$ and finally as meson-meson states. The P-wave component inherent in the structure of the neutral scalar mesons can be understood as a doorway state for the formation of the scalar meson via two-photon fusion, whereas in nucleon Compton scattering these P-wave components serve as intermediate states. The masses of the scalar mesons are predicted in terms of spontaneous a...

  20. The Ideal Mixing Departure in Vector Meson Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Epele, L N; Grunfeld, A G

    2002-01-01

    In this work we study the departure for the ideal $\\phi-\\omega$ mixing angle in the frame of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. We have shown that in that context, the flavour symmetry breaking is unable to produce the shifting in the mixing angle. We introduce a nonet symmetry breaking in the neutral vector sector to regulate the non-strange content of the $\\phi$ meson. The phenomenon is well reproduced by our proposal.

  1. Meson radiobiology and therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-linear energy transfer radiation (neutrons, heavy ions, and pions) have a greater relative biological effectiveness than low-linear energy transfer radiation by depositing a high density of ionization in irradiated cells. This overcomes the protective effect of oxygen; decreases the variation in sensitivity among the several stages of the cell cycles; and, inhibits the repair of sublethal damage as compared to x-rays, gamma rays, electrons and protons. Negative pi mesons (pions), appear particularly suited for radiation therapy as their penetration and depth-dose profiles lend themselves to shaping the high dose area to the tumor size and location. Preliminary biological experiments with pions produced at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility studied cell survival at various radiation depths and cell cycle sensitivity. Histologic study of data from the first human experiments indicated severe tumor cell destruction by pions as compared to x-rays in treating malignant melanoma skin nodules, without increased effects on dermal elements. (U.S.)

  2. Photon-meson transition form factors of light pseudoscalar mesons

    OpenAIRE

    Xiao, Bo-Wen; Ma, Bo-Qiang

    2005-01-01

    The photon-meson transition form factors of light pseudoscalar mesons $\\pi ^{0}$, $\\eta$, and $\\eta ^{\\prime}$ are systematically calculated in a light-cone framework, which is applicable as a light-cone quark model at low $Q^{2}$ and is also physically in accordance with the light-cone pQCD approach at large $Q^{2}$. The calculated results agree with the available experimental data at high energy scale. We also predict the low $Q^{2}$ behaviors of the photon-meson transition form factors of ...

  3. Eta'-meson as pseudoscalar gluonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is proved the sum rules of quantum chromodynamics for a current constructed of the gluon field operators are saturated by the eta'-meson. The meson mass is estimated and its residue in the gluon current. There is a considerable difference between the eta'-meson as gluon and the classical quark states such as the delta-meson. (orig.)

  4. The X(3872) and other X,Y,Z Resonances as Hidden Charm Meson-Meson Molecules

    CERN Document Server

    Oset, E; Molina, R; Nieves, J M; Arriola, E Ruiz; Branz, T; Liang, Wei Hong

    2011-01-01

    We report on some ideas concerning the nature of the X(3872) resonance and the need for approximately equal charged and neutral components of $D \\bar{D}^* +cc$. Then we discuss how some hidden charm states are obtained from the interaction between vector mesons with charm and can be associated to some of the charmonium-like X,Y,Z states. Finally we discuss how the nature of these states could be investigated through different types of radiative decay.

  5. The Role of CP violation in D0 anti-D0 Mixing

    OpenAIRE

    Blaylock, G.; Seiden, Abe; Nir, Y.

    1995-01-01

    In current searches for D0 anti-D0 mixing, the time evolution of ``wrong-sign'' decays is used to distinguish between a potential mixing signal and the dominant background from doubly-Cabibbo-suppressed decays. A term proportional to $\\Delta Mt$ in the expression for the time evolution is often neglected in theoretical discussions and experimental analyses of these processes. We emphasize that, in general, this term does not vanish even in the case of CP invariance. Furthermore, CP invariance...

  6. Maternal anti-D prophylaxis during pregnancy does not cause neonatal haemolysis

    OpenAIRE

    Maayan-Metzger, A; Schwartz, T; Sulkes, J; Merlob, P

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To evaluate signs of haemolysis in babies of Rh-D negative mothers who underwent prophylaxis with anti-D immunoglobulin during pregnancy.
DESIGN—The following were evaluated in all babies of Rh-D negative mothers born within a three month period in our department: haemoglobin level, packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume, reticulocytes, bilirubin level, and direct Coombs' test (direct anti-globulin test). The babies were divided into two groups according to...

  7. Occurrence of anti-D alloantibodies among pregnant women in Kasese District, Western Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Mbalibulha Y; Muwanguzi E; Mugyenyi GR; Natukunda B

    2015-01-01

    Yona Mbalibulha,1 Enoch Muwanguzi,1 Godfrey R Mugyenyi,2 Bernard Natukunda1 1Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda Objectives: This study was undertaken to determine the distribution of ABO/RhD (rhesus D antigen) blood phenotypes, prevalence of anti-D alloantibodies, and the risk factors for alloimmunization among pregnant women in Kasese District, Western Uganda....

  8. Production of Pseudoscalar Mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Briscoe, W J; Strakovsky, I I; Workman, R L

    2003-01-01

    Experiments that study the hadronic and electromagnetic production of the pseudoscalar mesons -- pions, etas and kaons, contribute to our knowledge of the properties of baryon and hyperon resonances. Fixed-target programs at hadronic facilities such as BNL-AGS have been phased out. However, the availability of modern experimental facilities with pseudo-monochromatic or tagged medium-energy photon beams at GRAAL, SPring-8, Bonn, Mainz, and Jefferson Lab, together with LEGS, Max-Lab, and HIGS at lower energies, are beginning to produce high-quality results. These new data have smaller statistical uncertainties and better understood systematic uncertainties, than those obtained at the older bremsstrahlung facilities, for measurements of differential and integrated cross sections, as well as polarization and asymmetry. Experimental results are compared with the predictions of QCD-based approaches, such as the lattice-gauge calculations of baryon properties, and Chiral Perturbation Theory applied to threshold phot...

  9. Vector mesons in matter

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Gy Wolf

    2006-04-01

    One consequence of the chiral restoration is the mixing of parity partners. We look for a possible signature of the mixing of vector and axial vector mesons in heavy-ion collisions. We suggest an experimental method for its observation. The dynamical evolution of the heavy-ion collision is described by a transport equation of QMD-type evolving nucleons, * and resonances, ’s and $\\sum$ baryons, and furthermore, ’s, ’s ’s ’s ’s and kaons with their isospin degrees of freedom. The input cross-sections and resonance parameters of the model are fitted to the available nucleon–nucleon and pion–nucleon cross-sections.

  10. An introduction to heavy mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Grinstein, B

    1995-01-01

    Introductory lectures (delivered at the VI Mexican School of Particles and Fields) on heavy quarks and heavy quark effective field theory. Applications to inclusive semileptonic decays and to interactions with light mesons are covered in detail.

  11. Skyrmions with vector mesons revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Oh, Yongseok

    2014-01-01

    In order to develop a model that can describe both a single baryon and multi-baryon systems on the same footing, we re-investigate the Skyrme model in a chiral Lagrangian derived from the hidden local symmetry (HLS) up to $O(p^4)$ including the homogeneous Wess-Zumino terms. We use the master formulas that connect the parameters of the HLS Lagrangian and a class of holographic QCD models, which provides a controllable way to determine the low-energy constants of the Lagrangian once the pion decay constant and the vector meson mass are given. Therefore, this model allows us to study the role of vector mesons in the skyrmion structure. We find that the $\\rho$ and $\\omega$ vector mesons have different roles in the skyrmion structure and that the $\\omega$ meson has an important role in the properties of the nucleon.

  12. Severe hemolytic transfusion reaction due to anti-D in a D+ patient with sickle cell disease

    OpenAIRE

    Ipe, Tina S.; Wilkes, Jennifer J.; Hartung, Helge D.; Westhoff, Connie M.; Chou, Stella T.; Friedman, David F.

    2015-01-01

    A 5-year-old male with sickle cell disease presented with pain, dark urine, and fatigue 10 days after a red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Laboratory evaluation demonstrated severe anemia, blood type O+, and anti-D in the serum. Anti-D in a D+ patient led to RH genotyping which revealed homozygosity for RHD*DAU4 that encodes partial D antigen. Anti-D in this patient whose RBCs exclusively express partial D caused a delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction after exposure to D+ RBCs. The finding o...

  13. B{sup 0} → D{sup 0} anti D{sup 0}K{sup 0}, B{sup +} → D{sup 0} anti D{sup 0}K{sup +}, and the scalar D anti D bound state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dai, L.R. [Liaoning Normal University, Department of Physics, Dalian (China); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Xie, Ju-Jun [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Modern Physics, Lanzhou (China); Chinese Academy of Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Beijing (China); Oset, E. [Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Modern Physics, Lanzhou (China)

    2016-03-15

    We study the B{sup 0} decay to D{sup 0} anti D{sup 0}K{sup 0} based on the chiral unitary approach, which generates the X(3720) resonance, and we make predictions for the D{sup 0} anti D{sup 0} invariant mass distribution. From the shape of the distribution, the existence of the resonance below threshold could be induced. We also predict the rate of production of the X(3720) resonance to the D{sup 0} anti D{sup 0} mass distribution with no free parameters. (orig.)

  14. In vitro assessment of recombinant, mutant immunoglobulin G anti-D devoid of hemolytic activity for treatment of ongoing hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Leif K; Green, Trine H; Sandlie, Inger;

    2008-01-01

    A specific treatment for ongoing hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) due to anti-D would be very attractive. One approach could be administration to the mother of nonhemolytic anti-D, which by crossing the placenta can block the binding of hemolytic maternal anti-D....

  15. Lifetime and mass of rho meson in correlation with magnetic-dimensional reduction

    CERN Document Server

    Kawaguchi, Mamiya

    2016-01-01

    It is simply anticipated that in a strong magnetic configuration, the Landau quantization ceases the neutral rho meson to decay to the charged pion pair, so the neutral rho meson will be long-lived. To closely access this naive observation, we explicitly compute the charged pion-loop in the magnetic field at the one-loop level, to evaluate the magnetic dependence of the lifetime for the neutral rho meson as well as its mass. Due to the dimensional reduction induced by the magnetic field (violation of the Lorentz invariance), the polarization (spin $s_z=0,\\pm 1$) modes of the rho meson, as well as the corresponding pole mass and width, are decomposed in a nontrivial manner compared to the vacuum case. To see the significance of the reduction effect, we simply take the lowest-Landau level approximation to analyze the spin-dependent rho masses and widths. We find that the "fate" of the rho meson may be more complicated to say because of the magnetic-dimensional reduction: as the magnetic field increases, the rho...

  16. Severe hemolytic transfusion reaction due to anti-D in a D+ patient with sickle cell disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipe, Tina S; Wilkes, Jennifer J; Hartung, Helge D; Westhoff, Connie M; Chou, Stella T; Friedman, David F

    2015-03-01

    A 5-year-old male with sickle cell disease presented with pain, dark urine, and fatigue 10 days after a red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Laboratory evaluation demonstrated severe anemia, blood type O+, and anti-D in the serum. Anti-D in a D+ patient led to RH genotyping, which revealed homozygosity for RHD*DAU4 that encodes partial D antigen. Anti-D in this patient whose RBCs exclusively express partial D caused a delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction after exposure to D+ RBCs. The finding of anti-D in a D+patient should be investigated by molecular methods to help distinguish an alloantibody from an autoantibody. PMID:25171447

  17. High prevalence of anti-D antibodies among women of childbearing age at Centre Pasteur of Cameroon.

    OpenAIRE

    Belinga, Suzanne,; Ngo Sack, Françoise; Bilong, Catherine; Manga, Jeanne; Mengue, Marie-Ange; Tchendjou, Patrice,

    2009-01-01

    International audience We conducted a cross sectional retrospective study to determine anti-D and D-negative phenotype rates among Cameroonian women of reproductive age (15-44 years), in order to evaluate the importance of D alloimmunization. Analysis of the haematology laboratory records from January 2006 to December 2007 harvested 225 results for red blood cell alloantibody screening and 2460 D phenotypes. Anti-D rate was found to be high at 4% and not linked to women's parity. Three hun...

  18. Use of anti-D immunoglobulin in the treatment of threatened miscarriage in the accident and emergency department

    OpenAIRE

    Weinberg, L

    2001-01-01

    Background—The UK guidelines for the use of anti-D immunoglobulin for rhesus prophylaxis have been revised. Anti-D immunoglobulin is no longer recommended for Rh D negative women after a threatened miscarriage less than 12 weeks gestation. These patients are at risk of rhesus immunisation, and there should be a policy for their treatment in the accident and emergency (A&E) department.

  19. Cross sections for meson-meson nonresonant reactions

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Yu-Qi

    2007-01-01

    Meson-meson nonresonant reactions governed by the quark-interchange mechanism are studied in a potential that is derived from QCD. S-wave elastic phase shifts for I=2 \\pi\\pi and I=3/2 K \\pi scattering are obtained with wave functions determined by the central spin-independent term of the potential. The reactions include inelastic scatterings of two mesons in the ground-state pseudoscalar octet and the ground-state vector nonet. Cross sections for reactions involving pion, rho, K and K^* indicate that mesonic interactions in matter consisting of only K and K^* can be stronger than mesonic interactions in matter consisting of only pions and rhos and the reaction of I=3/2 \\pi K^* \\to \\rho K is most important among the endothermic nonresonant reactions. By the quark-interchange mechanism we can offer \\sqrt s-dependences of phi absorption cross sections in collisions with pion and rho and relevant average cross sections what are very small for the reaction of I=1 \\pi \\phi \\to K^* K^* and remarkably large for the r...

  20. Search for neutral B meson decays to two charged leptons

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Ahlen, S P; Alpat, B; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alverson, G; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Antreasyan, D; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Baksay, L; Ball, R C; Banerjee, S; Banicz, K; Barillère, R; Barone, L; Bartalini, P; Baschirotto, A; Basile, M; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Bilei, G M; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böck, R K; Böhm, A; Borgia, B; Boucham, A; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Boutigny, D; Branson, J G; Brigljevic, V; Brock, I C; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Busenitz, J K; Buytenhuijs, A O; Cai, X D; Campanelli, M; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Caria, M; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chan, A; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chen, M; Chiefari, G; Chien, C Y; Choi, M T; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Cohn, H O; Coignet, G; Colijn, A P; Colino, N; Commichau, V; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Dai, T S; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; De Boeck, H; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; DiBitonto, Daryl; Diemoz, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Di Lodovico, F; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dorne, I; Dova, M T; Drago, E; Duchesneau, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; Dutta, S; Easo, S; Efremenko, Yu V; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Ernenwein, J P; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Faccini, R; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Fenyi, B; Ferguson, T; Fernández, D; Ferroni, F; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Forconi, G; Fredj, L; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gerald, J; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Goldfarb, S; Goldstein, J; Gong, Z F; Gougas, Andreas; Gratta, Giorgio; Grünewald, M W; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Hartmann, B; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Van Hoek, W C; Hofer, H; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, G; Innocente, Vincenzo; Janssen, H; Jenkes, K; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Kasser, A; Khan, R A; Kamrad, D; Kamyshkov, Yu A; Kapustinsky, J S; Karyotakis, Yu; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, J K; Kim, S C; Kim, Y G; Kinnison, W W; Kirkby, A; Kirkby, D; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Korolko, I; Koutsenko, V F; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Kuijten, H; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Landi, G; Lapoint, C; Lassila-Perini, K M; Laurikainen, P; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee Jae Sik; Lee, K Y; Leggett, C; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Leonardi, E; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Lieb, E H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lu, W; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Majumder, G; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangla, S; Marchesini, P A; Marin, A; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Massaro, G G G; McNally, D; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mi, Y; Mihul, A; Van Mil, A J W; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Molnár, P; Monteleoni, B; Moore, R; Morganti, S; Moulik, T; Mount, R; Müller, S; Muheim, F; Nagy, E; Nahn, S; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Nippe, A; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Opitz, H; Organtini, G; Ostonen, R; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Park, H K; Pascale, G; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Peach, D; Pei, Y J; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petrak, S; Pevsner, A; Piccolo, D; Pieri, M; Pinto, J C; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Produit, N; Prokofev, D; Prokofiev, D O; Rahal-Callot, G; Rancoita, P G; Rattaggi, M; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Read, K; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Van Rhee, T; Riemann, S; Riemers, B C; Riles, K; Rind, O; Ro, S; Robohm, A; Rodin, J; Rodríguez-Calonge, F J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Rosselet, P; Van Rossum, W; Roth, S; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Rykaczewski, H; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Santocchia, A; Sarakinos, M E; Sarkar, S; Sassowsky, M; Sauvage, G; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schmitz, P; Schneegans, M; Schöneich, B; Scholz, N; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwenke, J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Sciarrino, D; Sens, Johannes C; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shukla, J; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Sopczak, André; Soulimov, V; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, H; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Strauch, K; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Susinno, G F; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonutti, M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tuchscherer, H; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Uwer, U; Valente, E; Van de Walle, R T; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Viertel, Gert M; Vivargent, M; Völkert, R; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, J C; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Wittgenstein, F; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xu, J; Xu, Z Z; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yao, X Y; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; You, J M; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zemp, P; Zeng, Y; Zhang, Z; Zhang, Z P; Zhou, B; Zhou, Y; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, Antonino; Ziegler, F

    1997-01-01

    The decays $\\mathrm{B_d^0,\\,B_s^0 \\rightarrow e^+e^-,\\,\\mu^+\\mu^-,\\, e^\\pm\\mu^\\mp}$ are searched for in 3.5 million hadronic ${\\mathrm{Z}}$ events, which constitute the full LEP I data sample collected by the L3 detector. No signals are observed, therefore upper limits at the 90\\%(95\\%) confidence levels are set on the following branching fractions: % \\begin{center}% {\\setlength{\\tabcolsep}{2pt} \\begin{tabular}{lccccclcccc}% % Br$({\\mathrm{B_d^0 \\rightarrow {\\mathrm{e^+e^-}}}})$ & $<$ & $1.4(1.8)$ & $\\times$ & $ 10^{-5}$; & \\hspace*{5mm} & Br$({\\mathrm{B_s^0 \\rightarrow {\\mathrm{e^+e^-}}}})$ & $<$ & $5.4(7.0)$ & $\\times$ & $ 10^{-5}$; \\\\% Br$({\\mathrm{B_d^0 \\rightarrow \\mu^+\\mu^-}})$ & $<$ & $1.0(1.4)$ & $\\times$ & $ 10^{-5}$; & \\hspace*{5mm} & Br$({\\mathrm{B_s^0 \\rightarrow \\mu^+\\mu^-}})$ & $<$ & $3.8(5.1)$ & $\\times$ & $ 10^{-5}$; \\\\% Br$({\\mathrm{B_d^0 \\rightarrow {\\mathrm{e^\\pm\\mu^\\mp}}}})$ & $<$ & $1.6(...

  1. Intravenous anti-D immunoglobulin in the treatment of resistant immune thrombocytopenic purpura in pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sieunarine, K; Shapiro, S; Al Obaidi, M J; Girling, J

    2007-04-01

    A 35-week pregnant 38-year-old woman presented with isolated thrombocytopenia (platelet count 4 x 10(9)/l). Investigations confirmed immune thrombocytopenic purpura, and she received treatment with prednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulins with no increment in the platelet count. At 37 and 38 weeks of the pregnancy, she received two doses of WinRho (anti-D immunoglobulin) at 50 microg/kg. Five days later, with a platelet count of 46 x 10(9)/l, she had an uncomplicated normal vaginal delivery. WinRho is a useful adjunct to other first-line treatment modalities for immune thrombocytopenia in pregnancy. PMID:17309547

  2. Efficacy and long term effects of antenatal prophylaxis with anti-D immunoglobulin.

    OpenAIRE

    Thornton, J.G.; Page, C; Foote, G.; Arthur, G R; Tovey, L A; Scott, J S

    1989-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To measure the safety and efficacy of antenatal treatment with anti-D immunoglobulin. DESIGN--Open study with historical controls. SETTING--Multicentre study in 17 hospitals in West Yorkshire. PATIENTS--1238 Rh negative women who delivered Rh positive infants after 34 weeks in their first pregnancy in 1980-1 (group 1) and 2000 similar primigravidas from 1978-9 (group 2). Obstetric data were collected for 616 women in group 1 who had a subsequent pregnancy, 536 similar women in grou...

  3. Anti Rh Hemolytic Disease due to Anti C Antibody: Is Testing for Anti D Antibodies Enough?

    OpenAIRE

    Negi, Gita; Singh, Gaur Dushyant

    2011-01-01

    Rh blood group system is a complex blood group system. Rh antibodies are produced in Rh negative individuals following exposure to foreign RBCs after transfusion or pregnancy. Anti C is a rare cause of hemolytic disease of newborn and is very scarcely reported in the literature. The aim of the present case report of Hemolytic disease caused by Anti C antibody is to bring out the fact that antibodies other than anti D should be considered in cases that give a suggestive history but no evidence...

  4. Burkitt Lymphoma Preceded by Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia due to Anti-D Antibody.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, Yoshimi; Shimura, Yuji; Horiike, Shigeo; Takimoto, Tomoko; Maegawa, Saori; Tanba, Kazuna; Matsumura-Kimoto, Yayoi; Sumida, Yukari; Tatekawa, Shotaro; Tsukamoto, Taku; Chinen, Yoshiaki; Mizutani, Shinsuke; Nagoshi, Hisao; Yamamoto-Sugitani, Mio; Matsumoto, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Tsutomu; Kuroda, Junya; Taniwaki, Masafumi

    2016-01-01

    We herein report a rare case of Burkitt lymphoma (BL) preceded by autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) caused by autoantibodies against D antigen. After a partial response to AIHA with prednisolone (PSL) treatment for 7 months, the patient developed BL with a t(8;22)(q24;q11.2) chromosomal translocation. Intensive immunochemotherapy, including rituximab, led to a complete response (CR) of BL; however, anti-D antibody remained detectable in the plasma and antibody-dissociated solution from erythrocytes, thus continuous therapy with PSL was necessary even after achievement of the CR. BL with AIHA is extremely rare, with only one previously reported case in the literature. PMID:27523004

  5. D7-anti-D7 bilayer: holographic dynamical symmetry breaking

    OpenAIRE

    Grignani, Gianluca; Kim, Namshik; Semenoff, Gordon W.

    2012-01-01

    We consider a holographic model of dynamical symmetry breaking in 2+1-dimenisons, where a parallel D7-anti-D7 brane pair fuse into a single object, corresponding to the U(1)XU(1)->U(1) symmetry breaking pattern. We show that the current-current correlation functions can be computed analytically and exhibit the low momentum structure that is expected when global symmetries are spontaneously broken. We also find that these correlation functions have poles attributable to infinite towers of vect...

  6. Photon-meson transition form factors of light pseudoscalar mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Xiao, B W; Xiao, Bo-Wen; Ma, Bo-Qiang

    2005-01-01

    The photon-meson transition form factors of light pseudoscalar mesons $\\pi ^{0}$, $\\eta $, and $\\eta ^{\\prime}$ are systematically calculated in a light-cone framework, which is applicable as a light-cone quark model at low $Q^{2}$ and is also physically in accordance with the light-cone pQCD approach at large $Q^{2}$. The calculated results agree with the available experimental data at high energy scale. We also predict the low $Q^{2}$ behaviors of the photon-meson transition form factors of $\\pi ^{0}$, $\\eta $ and $\\eta ^{\\prime }$, which are measurable in $e+A({Nucleus})\\to e+A+M$ process via Primakoff effect at JLab and DESY.

  7. Introduction to Heavy Meson Decays and CP Asymmetries

    CERN Document Server

    Ligeti, Z

    2002-01-01

    These lectures are intended to provide an introduction to heavy meson decays and CP violation. The first lecture contains a brief review of the standard model and how the CKM matrix and CP violation arise, mixing and CP violation in neutral meson systems, and explanation of the cleanliness of the sin(2beta) measurement. The second lecture deals with the heavy quark limit, some applications of heavy quark symmetry and the operator product expansion for exclusive and inclusive semileptonic B decays. The third lecture concerns with theoretically clean CP violation measurements that may become possible in the future, and some developments toward a better understanding of nonleptonic B decays. The conclusions include a subjective best buy list for the near future.

  8. Meson Strings and Flavor Branes

    CERN Document Server

    Bando, M; Terunuma, S; Bando, Masako; Sugamoto, Akio; Terunuma, Sachiko

    2006-01-01

    In a QCD-like string model based on D6 flavor branes in the presence of D4 color branes wrapping one of the compactified dimension on an $S^1$, the shape of meson strings in the five dimensional curved space as well as the potential between quark and anti-quark are investigated. The flavor branes on which both ends of a meson string live are assumed to be separated in this five dimensional space, depending on the values of the constituent quark masses. It is shown in this picture that the meson string with different flavors on both ends changes its shape at a critical distance. There is, however, no critical distance for the meson with the same flavors. At this critical distance the potential between quark and anti-quark with different flavors gives a point of reflection and changes its shape around this point. Accordingly, the attractive force between quark and anti-quark seems to become stronger when the distance of flavor branes connecting meson strings becomes larger. This indicates quark systems with dif...

  9. Beauty Meson Decays To Charmonium

    CERN Document Server

    Ershov, A V

    2001-01-01

    We study decays of beauty (B) mesons into the final states containing charmonium mesons. The data were collected by the CLEO experiment at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring from 1990 to 1999. First, we describe a technique that significantly improves the reconstruction efficiency for decays of J/ y and y (2S) mesons into a pair of leptons. This reconstruction method is used in all the analyses presented in this dissertation. Then we present a study of B decays to the χc 1 and χc2 charmonium states and compare our results with the predictions of different theoretical models of charmonium production. After that we report the first observation of the decay B → J/ y &phis;K, which is the first B meson decay requiring a creation of an additional ss¯ quark pair. Then we measure the B0 and B+ meson masses from B0 → y (′) K0S and B+ → y (′) K+ decays. The method employed eliminates the dominant systematic uncertainty associated w...

  10. Scalar meson production in proton-proton and proton-antiproton collisions

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmadov, A. I.; Bystritskiy, Yu. M.; Kuraev, E. A.

    2009-01-01

    Taking into account the exchange forces between protons of scalar, pseudoscalar, vector and axial vector type the cross sections of neutral and charged scalar mesons $a_0(980)$, $a_+(980)$, $f_0(980)$, $\\sigma(600)$ production are calculated. The estimation for the facilities of moderately high energies such as PANDA and NICA are presented. Similar analysis is given for processes of charged and neutral Higgs boson production at high energy proton-proton colliders such as Tevatron, RHIC and LH...

  11. {eta} meson photoproduction on deuterium; Photoproduction du meson {eta} sur le deuterium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmann-Rothe, P.

    1996-05-30

    Measurements of the total and differential cross sections for {eta}-meson photoproduction on a D{sub 2} liquid target from threshold to 1.2 GeV, have been taken using the tagged Bremsstrahlung photon beam produced by the electrons extracted from the ELSA storage ring at Bonn. The reaction was identified by detecting the eta decay products in the neutral meson spectrometer SPES0-2{pi}, while the recoil baryons (proton, neutron or deuteron) were detected by a variety of large angle scintillator detectors. We succeeded to identify completely the final states corresponding to the production of an {eta} meson on a Quasi-Free (QF) proton, a QF neutron and the coherent deuteron. The differential cross sections corresponding to the production of a coherent deuteron n the final state have been measured, from threshold to 800 MeV; they are 6 times smaller the only previous measurement reported by Anderson and Prepost in 1969. This is consistent with an Isoscalar part of the Amplitude much smaller than the Isovector one. The differential cross sections are in good agreement with the theoretical prediction on the impulse approximation mechanism; indicating in particular, fairly small contributions from rescattering terms. A direct measurement of the neutron to proton cross section ratios has been obtained by integrating the counting rates on the corresponding QF peaks and is 0.70 {+-} 0.03, from 700 MeV to 900 MeV, with a small angular dependence. These two results by comparison to the measured free proton data should allow to reconstruct the free neutron cross sections in a rather model-independent way. (authors). 56 refs., 90 figs., 13 tabs.

  12. Ground state charmed meson spectra for N_f=2+1+1

    CERN Document Server

    Rae, T D

    2015-01-01

    We present a preliminary study of the charmed meson spectra using the electrically neutral subset of the new Budapest-Marseille-Wuppertal N_f=2+1+1 gauge configurations that utilise the 3-HEX smeared clover action. The analysis is performed with a focus on the hyperfine splitting.

  13. Measurement of D{sup 0} and D{sup +} meson masses with the KEDR detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anashin, V.V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Aulchenko, V.M.; Baldin, E.M. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova street, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Barladyan, A.K.; Barnyakov, A.Yu.; Barnyakov, M.Yu. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Baru, S.E. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova street, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Bedny, I.V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Beloborodova, O.L. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova street, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Blinov, A.E. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Blinov, V.E. [Budker Inst. of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State Technical Univ., 20, Karl Marx prospect, Novosibirsk, 630092 (Russian Federation); Bobrov, A.V.; Bobrovnikov, V.S. [Budker Inst. of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Bogomyagkov, A.V.; Bondar, A.E. [Budker Inst. of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State Univ., 2, Pirogova street, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Bondarev, D.V.; Buzykaev, A.R. [Budker Inst. of Nuclear Physics, 11, Akademika Lavrentieva prospect, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation)

    2010-03-22

    The masses of the neutral and charged D mesons have been measured with the KEDR detector at the VEPP-4M electron-positron collider: M{sub D}{sup 0}=1865.30+-0.33+-0.23 MeV, M{sub D}{sup +}=1869.53+-0.49+-0.20 MeV.

  14. D-brane anti-D-brane system in string theory

    CERN Document Server

    Hyakutake, Y

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we review a system of D-brane and anti-D-brane in type II superstring theories. [A. Sen, hep-th/9904207 and references there in; Y.Hyakutake, Master-Th., Doctor-Th. (in Japanese)] This system is unstable an tachyonic modes, which have negative mass squared, appear from open strings between D-brane and anti-D-brane. The effective field theory on the world-volume is described by U(1) x U(1) gauge theory with a complex tachyon field. Since the mass squared of the techyon field is negative, a tachyon potential would be like a wine bottle. In order to make the system stable, the tachyon rolls down the potential and gets some vacuum expectation value. This is called the tachyon condensation mechanism. During this mechanism, Dp-brane and anti-Dp-brane annihilate completely, if we admit Sen's conjecture. The suspicions between tachyon condensation and Hawking radiation are also discussed. (author)

  15. D-brane anti-D-brane system in string theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we review a system of D-brane and anti-D-brane in type II superstring theories. [A. Sen, hep-th/9904207 and references there in; Y.Hyakutake, Master-Th., Doctor-Th. (in Japanese)] This system is unstable an tachyonic modes, which have negative mass squared, appear from open strings between D-brane and anti-D-brane. The effective field theory on the world-volume is described by U(1) x U(1) gauge theory with a complex tachyon field. Since the mass squared of the techyon field is negative, a tachyon potential would be like a wine bottle. In order to make the system stable, the tachyon rolls down the potential and gets some vacuum expectation value. This is called the tachyon condensation mechanism. During this mechanism, Dp-brane and anti-Dp-brane annihilate completely, if we admit Sen's conjecture. The suspicions between tachyon condensation and Hawking radiation are also discussed. (author)

  16. Comparison between IV immune globulin (IVIG) and anti-D globulin for treatment of immune thrombocytopenia: a randomized open-label study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eghbali, Aziz; Azadmanesh, Peyman; Bagheri, Bahador; Taherahmadi, Hasan; Sadeghi Sedeh, Bahman

    2016-08-01

    To compare the effect of IV immune globulin (IVIG) and anti-D globulin (anti-D) for treatment of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in children. A randomized, open-label, single-center clinical trial was carried out in Amir-Kabir Hospital (Arak, Iran). The study was performed on 60 children with acute and chronic ITP, aged from 1 to 15 years. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to 50 μg/kg anti-D or 1 g/kg IVIG. Platelet counting was performed at baseline and at 3, 7, and 14 days after treatment termination. Safety assessment was performed in all patients. Anti-D caused a quicker response on the 3rd day of treatment (P anti-D had lower rate of side effects including fever (P anti-D was associated with rapid rise of platelets compared to IVIG. In addition, anti-D treatment had acceptable safety profile. PMID:26991138

  17. Hard Exclusive Production of Tensor Mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Braun, V M

    2001-01-01

    We point out that hard exclusive production of tensor mesons $f_2(1270)$ with helicity $\\lambda=\\pm 2$ is dominated by the gluon component in the meson wave function and can be used to determine gluon admixture in tensor mesons in a theoretically clean manner. We present a detailed analysis of the tensor meson distribution amplitudes and calculate the transition form factor $\\gamma+\\gamma^*\\to f_2(1270)$ for one real and one virtual photon.

  18. Heavy meson production in hot dense matter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tolos, Laura; Gamermann, Daniel; Garcia-Recio, Carmen; Molina, Raquel; Nieves, Juan; Oset, Eulogio; Ramos, Angels; Nieves, JM; Oset, E; Vacas, MJV

    2010-01-01

    The properties of charmed mesons in dense matter are studied using a unitary coupled-channel approach in the nuclear medium which takes into account Pauli-blocking effects and meson self-energies in a self-consistent manner. We obtain the open-charm meson spectral functions in this dense nuclear env

  19. Exlusive charmed meson pair production

    CERN Document Server

    Berezhnoy, A V

    2004-01-01

    The experimental data of BELLE Collaboration on the exclusive charmed meson pair production in the process of monophotonic $e^+e^-$-annihilation ($e^+e^-\\to \\gamma^* \\to D\\bar D$) has been studied. It has been shown that these data is described satisfactorily in the frame work of constituent quark model. Our studies have demonstrated that the central production process $e^+e^-\\to e^+e^-\\gamma\\gamma \\to e^+e^-D\\bar D +X$ and the process of monophotonic $e^+e^-$-annihilation yield comparable numbers of the charmed meson pairs.

  20. Unraveling the pattern of the $XYZ$ mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Vijande, J

    2015-01-01

    We present a plausible mechanism for the origin of the $XYZ$ mesons in the heavy meson spectra within a standard quark-model picture. We discuss the conditions required for the existence of four--quark bound states or resonances contributing to the heavy meson spectra, being either compact or molecular. We concentrate on charmonium and bottomonium spectra, where several new states, difficult to understand as simple quark-antiquark pairs, have been reported by different experimental collaborations. The pivotal role played by entangled meson-meson thresholds is emphasized.

  1. Epitope specificity and isotype of monoclonal anti-D antibodies dictate their ability to inhibit phagocytosis of opsonized platelets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjaersgaard, Mimi; Aslam, Rukhsana; Kim, Michael; Speck, Edwin R; Freedman, John; Stewart, Donald I H; Wiersma, Erik J; Semple, John W

    2007-08-15

    Rh immune globulin (WinRho SDF; Cangene, Mississauga, ON, Canada) is an effective treatment for autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura; however, maintaining a sustained supply for its use in autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura and its primary indication, hemolytic disease of the newborn, makes the development of alternative reagents desirable. We compared Rh immune globulin and 6 human monoclonal anti-D antibodies (MoAnti-D) with differing isotypes and specificities for their ability to opsonize erythrocytes and inhibit platelet phagocytosis in an in vitro assay. Results demonstrated that opsonization of erythrocytes with Rh immune globulin significantly (P < .001) reduced phagocytosis of fluorescently labeled opsonized platelets in an Fc-dependent manner. Of the MoAnti-D that shared specificity but differed in isotype, only IgG3 antibodies could significantly (P < .001) inhibit platelet phagocytosis. In contrast, 2 MoAnti-D shared isotypes and differed in specificity; however, only one could significantly (P < .001) inhibit platelet phagocytosis. The results suggest that MoAnti-D epitope specificity and isotypes are critical requirements for optimal inhibition of opsonized platelet phagocytosis. PMID:17456719

  2. Does the enhancement observed in {gamma}{gamma}{yields}D anti D contain two P-wave higher charmonia?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Dian-Yong; He, Jun [Lanzhou University and Institute of Modern Physics of CAS, Research Center for Hadron and CSR Physics, Lanzhou (China); Institute of Modern Physics of CAS, Nuclear Theory Group, Lanzhou (China); Liu, Xiang [Lanzhou University and Institute of Modern Physics of CAS, Research Center for Hadron and CSR Physics, Lanzhou (China); Lanzhou University, School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou (China); Matsuki, Takayuki [Tokyo Kasei University, Itabashi, Tokyo (Japan)

    2012-11-15

    We solve a new puzzle raised by the observation of an enhancement structure Z(3930) in {gamma}{gamma}{yields}D anti D. If categorizing Z(3930) as {chi} {sub c2}(2P), as suggested by Belle and BaBar, we must explain why {chi} {sub c0}(2P) dominantly decaying into D anti D is missing in the D anti D invariant mass spectrum. In this work, we propose that the Z(3930) enhancement structure may contain two P-wave higher charmonia {chi} {sub c0}(2P) and {chi} {sub c2}(2P). We show that this assumption is supported by our analysis of the D anti D invariant mass spectrum and cos{theta} {sup *} distribution of {gamma}{gamma}{yields}D anti D. This observation would not only provide valuable information of two P-wave higher charmonia {chi} {sub c0}(2P) and {chi} {sub c2}(2P), but also serve as the crucial test of our novel proposal to the observed enhancement structure Z(3930), especially at the forthcoming BelleII and the approved SuperB. (orig.)

  3. Photoproduction of neutral pions off protons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crede, V.; Sparks, N.; Wilson, A.; Anisovich, A. V.; Bacelar, J. C. S.; Bantes, R.; Bartholomy, O.; Bayadilov, D.; Beck, R.; Beloglazov, Y. A.; Castelijns, R.; Dutz, H.; Elsner, D.; Ewald, R.; Frommberger, F.; Funke, Chr.; Gregor, R.; Gridnev, A.; Gutz, E.; Hillert, W.; Hoffmeister, P.; Jaegle, I.; Junkersfeld, J.; Kalinowsky, H.; Kammer, S.; Klein, Frank; Klein, Friedrich; Klempt, E.; Kotulla, M.; Krusche, B.; Löhner, H.; Lopatin, I. V.; Lugert, S.; Menze, D.; Mertens, T.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Metag, V.; Nanova, M.; Nikonov, V. A.; Novinski, D.; Novotny, R.; Ostrick, M.; Pant, L. M.; van Pee, H.; Pfeiffer, M.; Roy, A.; Sarantsev, A. V.; Schadmand, S.; Schmidt, C.; Schmieden, H.; Schoch, B.; Shende, S.; Sokhoyan, V.; Süle, A.; Sumachev, V. V.; Szczepanek, T.; Thoma, U.; Trnka, D.; Varma, R.; Walther, D.; Wendel, Ch.

    2011-11-01

    Photoproduction of neutral pions has been studied with the CBELSA/TAPS detector in the reaction γp→pπ0 for photon energies between 0.85 and 2.50 GeV. The π0 mesons are observed in their dominant neutral decay mode: π0→γγ. For the first time, the differential cross sections cover the very forward region, θc.m.<60∘. A partial-wave analysis of these data within the Bonn-Gatchina framework observes the high-mass resonances G17(2190), D13(2080), and D15(2070).

  4. Exclusive meson production at NLO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diehl, M.; Kugler, W.

    2007-06-15

    We report on numerical studies of the NLO corrections to exclusive meson electroproduction, both in collider and fixed-target kinematics. Corrections are found to be huge at small x{sub B} and moderate at intermediate or large x{sub B}. (orig.)

  5. Holographic mesons in various dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Myers, R C; Myers, Robert C.; Thomson, Rowan M.

    2006-01-01

    We calculate the spectrum of fluctuations of a probe Dk-brane in the background of N Dp-branes, for k=p,p+2,p+4 and p< 5. The result corresponds to the mesonic spectrum of a (p+1)-dimensional super-Yang-Mills (SYM) theory coupled to `dynamical quarks', i.e., fields in the fundamental representation -- the latter are confined to a defect for k=p and p+2. We find a universal behaviour where the spectrum is discrete and the mesons are deeply bound. The mass gap and spectrum are set by the scale M ~ m_q/g_{eff}(m_q), where m_q is the mass of the fundamental fields and g_{eff}(m_q) is the effective coupling evaluated at the quark mass, i.e. g_{eff}^2(m_q)=\\gym^2N m_q^{p-3}. We consider the evolution of the meson spectra into the far infrared of three-dimensional SYM, where the gravity dual lifts to M-theory. We also argue that the mass scale appearing in the meson spectra is dictated by holography.

  6. Theoretical overview: The New mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab

    2004-11-01

    After commenting on the state of contemporary hadronic physics and spectroscopy, I highlight four areas where the action is: searching for the relevant degrees of freedom, mesons with beauty and charm, chiral symmetry and the D{sub sJ} levels, and X(3872) and the lost tribes of charmonium.

  7. Exclusive meson production at COMPASS

    CERN Document Server

    Pochodzalla, J; Moinester, M A; Piller, G; Sandacz, A; Vanderhaeghen, M; Pochodzalla, Josef; Mankiewicz, Lech; Moinester, Murray; Piller, Gunther; Sandacz, Andrzej; Vanderhaeghen, Marc

    1999-01-01

    We explore the feasibility to study exclusive meson production (EMP) in hard muon-proton scattering at the COMPASS experiment. These measurements constrain the off-forward parton distributions (OFPD's) of the proton, which are related to the quark orbital contribution to the proton spin.

  8. Pseudoscalar meson form factors and decays

    CERN Document Server

    Dorokhov, A E

    2011-01-01

    In this communication we discuss few topics related with modern experimental data on the physics of light pseudoscalar mesons. It includes the contribution of the pseudoscalar mesons to the muon anomalous magnetic moment (AMM), $g-2$, the rare decays of light pseudoscalar mesons to lepton pair, the transition form factors of pseudoscalar mesons at large momentum transfer, the pion transversity form factor. Measuring the muon anomalous magnetic moment $g-2$ and the rare decays of light pseudoscalar mesons into lepton pair $P\\rightarrow l^{+}l^{-} $ serve as important test of the standard model. To reduce the theoretical uncertainty in the standard model predictions the data on the transition form factors of light pseudoscalar mesons play significant role. Recently new data on behavior of these form factors at large momentum transfer was supplied by the BABAR collaboration. Within the nonlocal chiral quark model it shown how to describe these data and how the meson distribution amplitude evolves as a function o...

  9. Stability of D brane-anti D brane systems in confining gauge theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghoroku, Kazuo [Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka (Japan); Nakamura, Akihiro [Kagoshima University, Department of Physics, Kagoshima (Japan); Toyoda, Fumihiko [Kinki University, School of Humanity-Oriented Science and Engineering, Iizuka (Japan)

    2011-01-15

    We study the stability of a special form of D brane embedding which is regarded as a bound state of D{sub n} and anti-D{sub n} brane embedded in a 10D supergravity background which is dual to a confining gauge theory. For D5 branes with U(1) flux, their bound-state configuration can be regarded as the baryonium vertex. For D branes of n=6 and 8 without the U(1) flux, their bound states have been used to introduce flavor quarks in the dual supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. In any case, it would be important to ensure that they are free from tachyon instability. For all these cases, we could show their stability with respect to this point. (orig.)

  10. Stability of D brane-anti D brane systems in confining gauge theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghoroku, Kazuo; Nakamura, Akihiro; Toyoda, Fumihiko

    2011-01-01

    We study the stability of a special form of D brane embedding which is regarded as a bound state of D n and anti-D n brane embedded in a 10D supergravity background which is dual to a confining gauge theory. For D5 branes with U(1) flux, their bound-state configuration can be regarded as the baryonium vertex. For D branes of n=6 and 8 without the U(1) flux, their bound states have been used to introduce flavor quarks in the dual supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. In any case, it would be important to ensure that they are free from tachyon instability. For all these cases, we could show their stability with respect to this point.

  11. Vector meson electroproduction in QCD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Juan; CAI Xian-Hao; ZHOU Li-Juan

    2012-01-01

    Based on the generalized QCD vector meson dominance model,we study the electroproduction of a vector meson off a proton in the QCD inspired eikonalized model.Numerical calculations for the total cross section σtot and differential cross section dσ/dt are performed for p,ω and φ meson electroproduction in this paper.Since gluons interact among themselves (self-interaction),two gluons can form a glueball with quantum numbers IG,JPC =0+,2++,decay width Γt ≈ 100 MeV,and mass of mG=2.23 GeV.The three gluons can form a three-gluon colorless bound state with charge conjugation quantum number C =-1,called the Odderon.The mediators of interactions between projectiles (the quark and antiquark pair fluctuated from the virtual photon) and the proton target (a three-quark system) are the tensor glueball and the Odderon.Our calculated results in the tensor glueball and Odderon exchange model fit to the existing data successfully,which evidently shows that our present QCD mechanism is a good description of meson electroproduction off a proton.It should be emphasized that our mechanism is different from the theoretical framework of Block et al.We also believe that the present study and its success are important for the investigation of other vector meson electro- and photoproduction at high energies,as well as for searching for new particles such as tensor glueballs and Odderons,which have been predicted by QCD and the color glass condensate model (CGC).Therefore,in return,it can test the validity of QCD and the CGC model.

  12. A Measurement of Neutral B Mixing using Di-Lepton Events with the BaBar Detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gunawardane, Naveen [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)

    2000-12-01

    This thesis reports on a measurement of the neutral B meson mixing parameter, Δmd, at the BABAR experiment and the work carried out on the electromagnetic calorimeter (EMC) data acquisition (DAQ) system and simulation software.

  13. Search for B-Meson Decays to Two-Body Final States with a0(980) Mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Destree, J; Ford, W T; Lee, C L; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Smith, J G; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q L; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Yi, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Cormack, C M; Harrison, P F; Di Lodovico, F; Mohanty, G B; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Gabriel, T A; Allmendinger, T; Brau, B; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; T'Jampens, S; Therin, G; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Anulli, F; Biasini, M; Peruzzi, I M; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Langer, M; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; De Nardo, Gallieno; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Elsen, E E; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Meyer, T I; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Borean, C; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Graham, M; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Rubin, A E; Sekula, S J; Tan, P; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Greene, M G; Neal, H

    2004-01-01

    We present a search for B decays to charmless final states involving charged or neutral a0 mesons. The data sample corresponds to 89 million BBbar pairs collected with the BABAR detector operating at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC. We find no significant signals and determine the following 90% C.L. upper limits: BR(B0 -> a0-pi+) a0-K+) a0-K0bar) a00pi+) a00K+) a00K0) a0X and a0 -> etapi, where X indicates K or pi.

  14. Can strong correlations be experimentally revealed for Ҡ -mesons?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiesmayr Beatrix C.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1964 the physicists John St. Bell working at CERN took the 1935-idea of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen seriously and found that all theories based on local realism have to satisfy a certain inequality, nowadays dubbed Bell’s inequality. Experiments with ordinary matter systems or light show violations of Bell’s inequality favouring the quantum theory though a loophole free experiment has not yet been performed. This contribution presents an experimentally feasible Bell inequality for systems at higher energy scales, i.e. entangled neutral Ҡ -meson pairs that are typically produced in Φ -mesons decays or proton-antiproton annihilation processes. Strong requirements have to be overcome in order to achieve a conclusive tests, such a proposal was recently published. Surprisingly, this new Bell inequality reveals new features for weakly decaying particles, in particular, a strong sensitivity to the combined charge-conjugation-parity (CP symmetry. Here-with, a puzzling relation between a symmetry breaking for mesons and Bell’s inequality—which is a necessary and sufficient condition for the security of quantum cryptography protocols— is established. This becomes the more important since CP symmetry is related to the cosmological question why the antimatter disappeared after the Big Bang.

  15. Light Scalar Mesons in Central Production at COMPASS

    CERN Document Server

    Austregesilo, A

    2016-01-01

    COMPASS is a fixed-target experiment at the CERN SPS that studies the spectrum of light-quark hadrons. In 2009, it collected a large dataset using a $190\\,$GeV$/c$ positive hadron beam impinging on a liquid-hydrogen target in order to measure the central exclusive production of light scalar mesons. One of the goals is the search for so-called glueballs, which are hypothetical meson-like objects without valence-quark content. We study the decay of neutral resonances by selecting centrally produced pion pairs from the COMPASS dataset. The angular distributions of the two pseudoscalar mesons are decomposed in terms of partial waves, where particular attention is paid to the inherent mathematical ambiguities. The large dataset allows us to perform a detailed analysis in bins of the two squared four-momentum transfers carried by the exchange particles in the reaction. Possible parameterisations of the mass dependence of the partial-wave amplitudes in terms of resonances are also discussed.

  16. Photoproduction of {eta}-mesons off the deuteron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Werthmueller, Dominik [Department of Physics, University of Basel (Switzerland)

    2009-07-01

    Photoproduction of {eta}-mesons off a liquid deuterium target has been measured using bremsstrahlung photons produced by MAMI-C with incident energies up to 1.5 GeV. The {eta}-meson was detected through its neutral decays into 2{gamma} and 3{pi}{sup 0}{yields} 6{gamma}, respectively, in a combined setup of the Crystal Ball calorimeter and a TAPS forward wall which results in an almost 4{pi} acceptance. Previous experiments performed by the CBELSA/TAPS and the GRAAL collaborations studying {eta}-photoproduction on the deuteron revealed a bump-like structure of still unknown nature in the quasi-free neutron excitation function around E{sub {gamma}} = 1 GeV that is not found for the proton. The present experiment aimed at a significant improvement of the statistical quality of the data, in particular for {eta}-mesons at backward angles. Preliminary results for the inclusive {gamma}(d, {eta})X, the semi-exclusive {gamma}(d, {eta})NN, and the fully exclusive reactions measured in coincidence with the recoil nucleons are presented.

  17. Rare and transient anti-D antibody response in D(-) liver transplant recipients transfused with D(+) red blood cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burin des Roziers, N; Ibanez, C; Samuel, D; Francoz, C; Idri, S; François, A; Mortelecque, R; Bierling, P; Pirenne, F

    2016-07-01

    A retrospective analysis was conducted on 20 D(-) liver transplant (LT) recipients transfused with D(+) RBCs perioperatively and screened for RBC antibodies between 2 and 6 months later. None developed anti-D detectable by the indirect antiglobulin test. Two patients produced weak anti-D that reacted only with papain-treated RBCs at 10 and 11 days without any sign of immune haemolysis. Antibodies became quickly undetectable. These data suggest an unusual pattern of alloimmunization in LT recipients with rapid, weak and transient antibody response and support the safety of transfusing D(+) RBCs in most of D(-) patients during LT surgery. PMID:26918570

  18. Could Z{sub c} (4025) be a J{sup P} = 1{sup +} D* anti D* molecular state?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cui, Chun-Yu. [Third Military Medical University, Department of Physics, School of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing (China); Liu, Yong-Lu; Huang, Ming-Qiu [National University of Defense Technology, College of Science, Hunan (China)

    2013-12-15

    We investigate whether the newly observed narrow resonance Z{sub c} (4025) can be described as a D* anti D* molecular state with quantum numbers J{sup P} = 1{sup +}. Using QCD sum rules, we consider contributions up to dimension six in the operator product expansion and work at leading order of {alpha}{sub s}. The mass obtained for this state is (4.05 {+-} 0.28) GeV. It is concluded that the D* anti D* molecular state is a possible candidate for Z{sub c} (4025). (orig.)

  19. Elliptic supertube and a Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield D2-brane--anti-D2-brane Pair

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Jin-Ho; Oh, Phillial

    2001-01-01

    An exact solution, in which a D2-brane and an anti-D2-brane are connected by an elliptically tubular D2-brane, is obtained without any junction condition. The solution is shown to preserve one quarter of the supersymmetries of the type-IIA Minkowski vacuum. We show that the configuration cannot be obtained by "blowing-up" from some inhomogeneously D0-charged superstrings. The BPS bound tells us that it is rather composed of D0-charged D2-brane-anti-D2-brane pair and a strip of superstrings co...

  20. Emergence of spontaneously broken supersymmetry on an anti-D3-brane in KKLT dS vacua

    OpenAIRE

    Kallosh, Renata; Wrase, Timm

    2014-01-01

    The KKLT construction of de Sitter vacua includes an uplifting term coming from an anti-D3-brane. Here we show how this term can arise via spontaneous breaking of supersymmetry, based on the emergence of a nilpotent chiral supermultiplet on the world-volume of the anti-D3-brane. We establish and use the fact that both the DBI as well as the WZ term, with account of orientifolding, acquire a form of the Volkov-Akulov action. For an O3 orientifold involution of $\\mathbb{R}^{9,1}$ we demonstrate...

  1. Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn caused by anti-D and anti-S alloantibodies: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Yousuf Rabeya; Abdul Aziz Suria; Yusof Nurasyikin; Leong Chooi-Fun

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn is most commonly caused by anti-D alloantibody. It is usually seen in Rhesus D (RhD)-negative mothers that have been previously sensitized. We report here a case of hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn in a newborn baby caused by anti-D and anti-S alloantibodies, born to a mother who was RhD negative, but with no previous serological evidence of RhD alloimmunization. Case presentation A one-day-old Chinese baby boy was bor...

  2. Adverse effect of plasma exchange on anti-D production in rhesus immunisation owing to removal of inhibitory factors.

    OpenAIRE

    Barclay, G. R.; Greiss, M A; Urbaniak, S J

    1980-01-01

    Intensive plasma exchange was used to reduce the maternal anti-D concentration in case of severe rhesus haemolytic disease. Initially the concentration fell from 30 to 4 IU/ml, but after six exchanges it increased to 490 IU/ml despite continued exchanges, and intrauterine fetal death eventually ensued. The increase in the rate of maternal anti-D production coincided with, and may have resulted from, removal of plasma immuno-regulatory factors that inhibited in-vitro lymphocyte functions. Thes...

  3. Neutral kaon decay without symmetry violation a nonstandard theoretical speculation

    CERN Document Server

    Hannibal, L

    1995-01-01

    It is shown that if antiparticles are realized in quantum field theory by negative frequency states, which nevertheless have positive energy density, the resulting theory provides a qualitative explanation for the experiments on the neutral K mesons, without assumming any symmetry violation.

  4. On Deusons or Deuteronlike Meson-Meson Bound States

    CERN Document Server

    Törnqvist, N A

    1994-01-01

    The systematics of deuteronlike two-meson bound states, {\\it deusons}, is discussed. Previous arguments that many of the present non-$q\\bar q$ states are such states are elaborated including, in particular, the tensor potential. For pseudoscalar states the important observation is made that the centrifugal barrier from the P-wave can be overcome by the $1/r^2$ and $1/r^3$ terms of the tensor potential. In the heavy meson sector one-pion exchange alone is strong enough to form at least deuteron-like $B\\bar B^*$ and $B^*\\bar B^*$ composites bound by approximately 50 MeV, while $D\\bar D^*$ and $D^*\\bar D^*$ states are expected near the threshold.

  5. D{sup *} and D meson production in muon nucleon interactions at 160 GeV/c

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adolph, C.; Braun, C.; Eyrich, W.; Lehmann, A.; Schmidt, A. [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Physikalisches Institut, Erlangen (Germany); Alekseev, M.G.; Birsa, R.; Bravar, A.; Dalla Torre, S.; Gobbo, B.; Sozzi, F.; Steiger, L.; Tessaro, S.; Tessarotto, F. [Trieste Section of INFN, Trieste (Italy); Alexakhin, V.Yu.; Alexeev, G.D.; Antonov, A.A.; Efremov, A.; Finger, M.; Gavrichtchouk, O.P.; Gushterski, R.; Guskov, A.; Ivanov, O.; Ivanshin, Yu.; Kroumchtein, Z.V.; Meshcheryakov, G.; Nagaytsev, A.; Olshevsky, A.G.; Perevalova, E.; Peshekhonov, D.V.; Rapatsky, V.; Rossiyskaya, N.S.; Sapozhnikov, M.G.; Savin, I.A.; Shevchenko, O.Yu.; Sissakian, A.N.; Slunecka, M.; Smirnov, G.I.; Tkatchev, L.G.; Vlassov, N.V.; Zemlyanichkina, E.; Zhuravlev, N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Alexandrov, Yu.; Zavertyaev, M. [Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Amoroso, A.; Balestra, F.; Bertini, R.; Chiosso, M.; Garfagnini, R.; Gnesi, I.; Grasso, A.; Kotzinian, A.M.; Parsamyan, B.; Piragino, G.; Sosio, S. [University of Turin, Department of Physics (Italy); Torino Section of INFN, Turin (Italy); Austregesilo, A.; Bicker, K. [CERN, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Physik Department, Garching (Germany); Badelek, B.; Klimaszewski, K.; Kurek, K.; Rondio, E.; Sandacz, A.; Sulej, R.; Sznajder, P.; Wislicki, W. [National Centre for Nuclear Research and University of Warsaw, Warsaw (Poland); Barth, J.; Bieling, J.; Goertz, S.; Klein, F.; Panknin, R.; Windmolders, R. [Universitaet Bonn, Physikalisches Institut, Bonn (Germany); Baum, G. [Universitaet Bielefeld, Fakultaet fuer Physik, Bielefeld (Germany)] [and others

    2012-12-15

    The production of D{sup *} and D mesons in inelastic scattering of 160 GeV/c muons off a {sup 6}LiD target has been investigated with the COMPASS spectrometer at CERN for 0.003 (GeV/c){sup 2} < Q{sup 2} < 10 (GeV/c){sup 2} and 3 x 10{sup -5} < x{sub Bj} < 0.1. The study is based on 8100 events where a D{sup 0} or anti D{sup 0} is detected subsequently to a D{sup *+} or D{sup *-} decay, and on 34000 events, where only a D{sup 0} or anti D{sup 0} is detected. Kinematic distributions of D{sup *}, D and K{sub 2}{sup *} (1430) are given as a function of their energy E, transverse momentum p{sub T}, energy fraction z, and of the virtual photon variables {nu}, Q{sup 2} and x{sub Bj}. Semi-inclusive differential D{sup *} production cross-sections are compared with theoretical predictions for D{sup *} production via photon-gluon fusion into open charm. The total observed production cross-section for D{sup *{+-}} mesons with laboratory energies between 22 and 86 GeV is (1.9 {+-} 0.4) nb. Significant cross-section asymmetries are observed between D{sup *+} and D{sup *-} production for {nu} < 40 GeV and z > 0.6. (orig.)

  6. Strange Baryon to Meson Ratio

    CERN Document Server

    Cuautle, Eleazar

    2013-01-01

    We present a model to compute baryon and meson transverse momentum distributions, and their ratios, in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The model allows to compute the probability to form colorless bound states of either two or three quarks as functions of the evolving density during the collision. The qualitative differences of the baryon to meson ratio for different collision energies and for different particle species can be associated to the different density dependent probabilities and to the combinatorial factors which in turn depend on whether the quarks forming the bound states are heavy or light. We compare to experimental data and show that we obtain a good description up to intermediate values of $pt$.

  7. Resurrection of the $\\sigma$ meson

    CERN Document Server

    Törnqvist, N A; Tornqvist, Nils A; Roos, Matts

    1995-01-01

    It is shown from a very general model and an analysis of data on the lightest 0++ meson nonet that the f0(980) and f0(1200) resonance poles are two manifestations of the same ss state. Similarily the a0(980) and the a0(1450) are likely to be two manifestations of the same qq state. On the other hand, the uu+dd state, when unitarized and strongly distorted by hadronic mass shifts, becomes an extremely broad Breit-Wigner-like background, m=860 MeV, Gamma=880 MeV, with its pole at s=(0.158-i0.235) GeV^2. This we identify with the sigma meson required by models for spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry.

  8. Primakoff production of hybrid mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The viability of Primakoff technique in searching for hybrid states, and exotic JPC = 1-+ isovector meson bar ρ in particular, is discussed. Results of searches for Primakoff production of an bar ρ in ρπ and ηπ final states produced in high energy interactions of pions with large-Z nuclei are reviewed, and the limits for the radiative coupling Γ( bar ρ+ → π+γ) are presented. Based on available experimental information, electromagnetic production rate estimates are given for the favored bar ρ → πf1(1285) channel. It is argued that a dedicated Primakoff production experiment can be sensitive to values of Γ( bar ρ+ → π+γ) ∼ keV, which makes such measurement a very interesting option for doing spectroscopy of gluonic (and conventional) meson states in the 1.5 ∼ 3 GeV mass range. 18 references, 2 figures

  9. Measurement of Charm Meson Lifetimes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report measurements of the D0 , D+ , and D+s meson lifetimes using 3.7 fb-1 of e+e- annihilation data collected near the Υ(4S) resonance with the CLEO detector. The measured lifetimes of the D0 , D+ , and D+s mesons are 408.5±4.1+3.5-3.4 fs , 1033.6±22.1+9.9-12.7 fs , and 486.3±15.0+4.9-5.1 fs . The precision of these lifetimes are comparable to those of the best previous measurements, and the systematic errors are very different. In a single experiment we find that the ratio of the D+s and D0 lifetimes is 1.19±0.04 . copyright 1999 The American Physical Society

  10. Study of the ω meson produced in the 700-750 MeV/c pp→K10K10ω annihilations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have measured the mass, width and branching ratio (→ neutrals) π+π-π0 of the ω meson, using the reactions pp -- K10 K10 ↓ neutrals and pp → K10K10. The statistics is 11.5 events/μb. In this report we present the methods of analysis and discuss the results. (Author)

  11. Rare decays of B-mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article is dedicated to the memory of Andrei D. Sakharov, a great scientist and human rights activist. Sakharov was blessed with the rare gift of prophetic prediction in matters concerning both science and society. His paper in 1967 on the baryon asymmetry of the universe relating it to the baryon instability, CP-violation, and thermodynamic non-equilibrium, was a very long shot. In view of subsequent theoretical developments in grand unified theories of elementary particle physics and cosmology, where the Sakharov conditions can be accommodated, this paper represents indeed a very fine example of scientific genius and prophecy. His political judgement, exemplified by his visionary essay Progress, Coexistence, and Intellectual Freedom, written in 1968, was equally stunning. Among other topics Sakharov was also very much interested in physics of the heavy quarks. In this paper we review theoretical predictions about an interesting aspect of heavy quark physics, namely rare phenomena in the decays of B-meson involving flavor changing neutral current (FCNC) processes

  12. Properties of the D mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review is given of the nonleptonic decays of D mesons. Included are measurements of the psi(3772), the accurate determination of D masses and their consequences, and inclusive measurements and tagged events. It is noted that the distinction between the above designated events is that in the former one detects a D decay and ignores the remainder of the event, while in the tagged events a D decay is detected and also the remainder of the event is studied. 39 references

  13. Intravenous anti-D treatment of immune thrombocytopenic purpura: analysis of efficacy, toxicity, and mechanism of effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bussel, J B; Graziano, J N; Kimberly, R P; Pahwa, S; Aledort, L M

    1991-05-01

    The efficacy, toxicity, and mechanism of effect of intravenous Anti-D (Winrho) were studied in 43 Rh+ patients with immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) who had not undergone splenectomy and in three already splenectomized patients. The mean platelet increase for the 43 nonsplenectomized patients was 95,000/microL (median 43,000/microL). Children had greater acute platelet responses than did adults. Human immunodeficiency virus status and duration of thrombocytopenia did not affect response. Maintenance treatment was given to patients as needed: the average interval between infusions was 24 days. The three splenectomized patients had no platelet response whatsoever. Toxicity was minimal; infusions were completed in less than 5 minutes. The generally accepted mechanism of effect of Anti-D has been Fc receptor blockade by substitution of antibody-coated red blood cells for antibody-coated platelets. Evidence is presented suggesting that the effect of IV Anti-D is not limited to Fc receptor blockade, including: (1) no correlation of parameters of hemolysis with platelet increase; (2) a 48- to 72-hour delay before platelet increase; (3) a tendency of the change in monocyte Fc receptor I expression to correlate with platelet increase; and (4) increased in vitro production of antibodies to sheep red blood cells following IV Anti-D infusion. PMID:1850307

  14. Exclusive meson production at HERMES

    CERN Document Server

    Manaenkov, Sergey

    2016-01-01

    The data were accumulated with the HERMES forward spectrometer using the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized electron or positron beam of HERA. Exclusive electroproduction of $\\omega$ mesons on unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium targets is studied in the kinematic region of $Q^2>1.0$ GeV$^2$, 3.0 GeV $< W <$ 6.3 GeV, and $-t'< 0.2 $ GeV$^{2}$, while for $\\rho^0$-meson production on a transversely polarized hydrogen target $-t'< 0.4$ GeV$^{2}$ is used. Spin-density matrix elements for $\\omega$ production are presented in projections of $Q^2$ or $-t'$, while the ratios of the helicity amplitudes for the reaction $\\gamma^*+p \\to \\rho^0+p$ are obtained in the entire kinematic region. The usage of the transversely polarized target allows for the first time the extraction of the ratios of certain nucleon-helicity-flip amplitudes to the natural-parity exchange amplitude $T_{0\\frac{1}{2}0\\frac{1}{2}}$ without the nucleon-helicity flip describing the longitudinal $\\rho^0$-meson production by the longitudinal...

  15. Dynamical meson melting in holography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We discuss mesons in thermalizing gluon backgrounds in the N=2 supersymmetric QCD using the gravity dual. We numerically compute the dynamics of a probe D7-brane in the Vaidya-AdS geometry that corresponds to a D3-brane background thermalizing from zero to finite temperatures by energy injection. In static backgrounds, it has been known that there are two kinds of brane embeddings where the brane intersects the black hole or not. They correspond to the phases with melted or stable mesons. In our dynamical setup, we obtain three cases depending on final temperatures and injection time scales. The brane stays outside of the black hole horizon when the final temperature is low, while it intersects the horizon and settles down to the static equilibrium state when the final temperature is high. Between these two cases, we find the overeager case where the brane dynamically intersects the horizon although the final temperature is not high enough for a static brane to intersect the horizon. The interpretation of this phenomenon in the dual field theory is meson melting due to non-thermal effects caused by rapid energy injection. In addition, we comment on the late time evolution of the brane and a possibility of its reconnection

  16. From the ψ to charmed mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This talk deals with the author's recollections about the discoveries of the J/ψ the ψ' as well as psion spectroscopy and charmed mesons. He gives a chronology for the ψ and ψ' discoveries. He also discusses the events which led to the charmed meson discovery as well as detailed discussions on the proof that the resonance observed in the K- π+ system, at 1,865 MeV, was indeed the predicted charmed meson

  17. Meson's Correlation Functions in a Nuclear Medium

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Chanyong

    2016-01-01

    We investigate meson's spectrum, decay constant and form factor in a nuclear medium through holographic two- and three-point correlation functions. To describe a nuclear medium composed of protons and neutrons, we consider a hard wall model on the thermal charged AdS geometry and show that due to the isospin interaction with a nuclear medium, there exist splittings of the meson's spectrum, decay constant and form factor relying on the isospin charge. In addition, we show that the rho-meson's form factor describing an interaction with pseudoscalar fluctuation decreases when the nuclear density increases, while the interaction with a longitudinal part of an axial vector meson increases.

  18. Meson's correlation functions in a nuclear medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chanyong

    2016-09-01

    We investigate meson's spectrum, decay constant and form factor in a nuclear medium through holographic two- and three-point correlation functions. To describe a nuclear medium composed of protons and neutrons, we consider a hard wall model on the thermal charged AdS geometry and show that due to the isospin interaction with a nuclear medium, there exist splittings of the meson's spectrum, decay constant and form factor relying on the isospin charge. In addition, we show that the ρ-meson's form factor describing an interaction with pseudoscalar fluctuation decreases when the nuclear density increases, while the interaction with a longitudinal part of an axial vector meson increases.

  19. Hepatitis C virus liver disease in women infected with contaminated anti-D immunoglobulin.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Sheehan, M M

    2012-02-03

    Screening for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is carried out by detection of antibodies to the virus (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and recombinant immunoblot assay (RIBA)) with confirmation by identification of HCV RNA genome in serum (polymerase chain reaction (PCR)). We describe the histological features on liver biopsy in 88 women with chronic HCV infection (serum positive on ELISA, RIBA and PCR) acquired from virus contaminated anti-D immunoglobulin. For the majority of these patients the time interval from virus infection to presentation was between 17 and 18 years. We separately assessed necroinflammatory disease activity and architectural features on liver biopsy and applied a scoring system which permitted semi-quantitative documentation of abnormal features. Only three women showed liver biopsies within normal limits (+\\/-focal steatosis). The remaining 85 cases showed a predominantly mild or moderate degree of disease activity with interface hepatitis (56.8% of cases), spotty necrosis, apoptosis and focal inflammation (88.6% of cases) and portal inflammation (90.9% of cases). Confluent necrosis was an uncommon finding (2.3% of cases). Assessment of architectural features showed normal appearance in 35.2% of biopsies. The predominant architectural abnormality noted was portal tract fibrosis. Ten per cent of cases, however, showed significant fibrous band and\\/or nodule formation.

  20. A Study of the DsJ(2317) and DsJ(2460) Mesons in Inclusive ccbar Production Near $\\sqrt{s}$ = 10.6 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Bóna, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, Yu K; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Gaillard, J R; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Kelly, M P; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S Y; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Potter, C T; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Del Re, D; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Galeazzi, F; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Mayer, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Martínez-Vidal, F; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2006-01-01

    A study of the $D_{sJ}^*(2317)^+$ and $D_{sJ}(2460)^+$ mesons in inclusive $c\\bar{c}$ production is presented using 232~${\\rm fb}^{-1}$ of data collected by the BaBar experiment near $\\sqrt{s}$ = 10.6$~\\gev. Final states consisting of a $D_s^+$ meson along with one or more $\\pi^0$, $\\pi^\\pm$, or $\\gamma$ particles are considered. Estimates of the mass and limits on the width are provided for both mesons and for the $D_{s1}(2536)^+$ meson. A search is also performed for neutral and doubly-charged partners of the $D_{sJ}^*(2317)^+$ meson.

  1. Do the acute platelet responses of patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) to IV anti-D and to IV gammaglobulin predict response to subsequent splenectomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bussel, J B; Kaufmann, C P; Ware, R E; Woloski, B M

    2001-05-01

    The acute platelet response to Intravenous Gammaglobulin (IVIG) has been reported to predict response to subsequent splenectomy of patients with ITP. The current study was undertaken to determine if the platelet response to IV anti-D (Winrho-SDF) predicts response to subsequent splenectomy. The 61 HIV-uninfected children and adults in this study had taken part in the pre-licensing studies of IV anti-D and were all those who not only had evaluable platelet responses to IV anti-D but also had undergone splenectomy and had information available describing its 1-year outcome. Results of treatment with IVIG were available in 38 of these 61 patients. Neither response to the initial infusion of IV anti-D, nor response to the initial or last IVIG, predicted the response in either children or adults to subsequent splenectomy. However, response to the last anti-D infusion in adults was strongly correlated (P = 0.003) to response to subsequent splenectomy as was hemolysis >/=2.0 gm/dl after IV anti-D (P = 0.03). There was no overall relationship between response to IV anti-D or IVIG, and response to subsequent splenectomy. However, a good platelet response in adults to the last IV anti-D and a hemoglobin decrease >/=2.0 gm/dl both appeared to predict response to subsequent splenectomy. PMID:11279654

  2. An International Standard for specifying the minimum potency of anti-D blood-grouping reagents: evaluation of a candidate preparation in an international collaborative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.J. Thorpe; B. Fox; A.B. Heath; M. Scott; M. de Haas; S. Kochman; A. Padilla

    2006-01-01

    Background and Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate a lyophilized monoclonal immunoglobulin M (IgM) anti-D preparation for use as an International Standard to specify a recommended minimum acceptable potency of anti-D blood-grouping reagents. Materials and Methods The candidate Internati

  3. Strong decays of vector mesons to pseudoscalar mesons in the relativistic quark model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ebert

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Strong decays of vector (S13 mesons to the pair of pseudoscalar (S01 mesons are considered in the framework of the microscopic decay mechanism and the relativistic quark model based on the quasipotential approach. The quark–antiquark potential, which was previously used for the successful description of meson spectroscopy and electroweak decays, is employed as the source of the qq¯ pair creation. The relativistic structure of the decay matrix element, relativistic contributions and boosts of the meson wave functions are comprehensively taken into account. The calculated rates of strong decays of light, heavy-light mesons and heavy quarkonia agree well with available experimental data.

  4. Strong decays of vector mesons to pseudoscalar mesons in the relativistic quark model

    CERN Document Server

    Ebert, D; Galkin, V O

    2014-01-01

    Strong decays of vector ($^3S_1$) mesons to the pair of pseudoscalar ($^1S_0$) mesons are considered in the framework of the microscopic decay mechanism and the relativistic quark model based on the quasipotential approach. The quark-antiquark potential, which was previously used for the successful description of meson spectroscopy and electroweak decays, is employed as the source of the $q\\bar q$ pair creation. The relativistic structure of the decay matrix element, relativistic contributions and boosts of the meson wave functions are comprehensively taken into account. The calculated rates of strong decays of light, heavy-light mesons and heavy quarkonia agree well with available experimental data.

  5. Colloquium: Time-reversal violation with quantum-entangled B mesons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernabéu, J.; Martínez-Vidal, F.

    2015-01-01

    Symmetry transformations have been proven a bedrock tool for understanding the nature of particle interactions, formulating, and testing fundamental theories. Based on the up to now unbroken C P T symmetry, the violation of the C P symmetry between matter and antimatter by weak interactions, discovered in the decay of kaons in 1964 and observed more recently in 2001 in B mesons, strongly suggests that the behavior of these particles under weak interactions must also be asymmetric under time reversal T . However, until recent years there has not been a direct detection of the expected time-reversal violation in the time evolution of any system. This Colloquium examines the field of time-reversal symmetry breaking in the fundamental laws of physics. For transitions, its observation requires an asymmetry with exchange of initial and final states. A discussion is given of the conceptual basis for such an exchange with unstable particles, using the quantum properties of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement available at B meson factories combined with the decay as a filtering measurement. The method allows a clear-cut separation of different transitions between flavor and C P eigenstates in the decay of neutral B mesons. These ideas have been implemented for the experiment by the BABAR Collaboration at SLAC's B factory. The results, presented in 2012, prove beyond any doubt the violation of time-reversal invariance in the time evolution between these two states of the neutral B meson.

  6. Observation of Time Reversal Violation in the B0 Meson System

    CERN Document Server

    Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Tico, J Garra; Grauges, E; Palanoab, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; So, R Y; Khan, A; Blinov, V E; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Yushkov, A N; Bondioli, M; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; West, C A; Eisner, A M; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Chao, D S; Cheng, C H; Echenard, B; Flood, K T; Hitlin, D G; Ongmongkolkul, P; Porter, F C; Rakitin, A Y; Andreassen, R; Huard, Z; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Sun, L; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Spaan, B; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Garzia, I; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Vetere, M Lo; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Bhuyan, B; Prasad, V; Lee, C L; Morii, M; Edwards, A J; Adametz, A; Uwer, U; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Dauncey, P D; Mallik, U; Chen, C; Cochran, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Grosdidier, G; Diberder, F Le; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Griessinger, K; Hafner, A; Prencipe, E; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; Behn, E; Cenci, R; Hamilton, B; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Dallapiccola, C; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Sciolla, G; Cheaib, R; Lindemann, D; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Biassoni, P; Neri, N; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Nguyen, X; Simard, M; Taras, P; De Nardo, G; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Martinelli, M; Raven, G; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Honscheid, K; Kass, R; Brau, J; Frey, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Feltresi, E; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Akar, S; Ben-Haim, E; Bomben, M; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Sitt, S; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Pacetti, S; Rossi, A; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Casarosa, G; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Oberhof, B; Paoloni, E; Perez, A; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Pegna, D Lopes; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anullia, F; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Piredda, G; Bunger, C; Grunberg, O; Hartmann, T; Leddig, T; Schroder, H; Voss, C; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Vasseur, G; Y`eche, Ch; Aston, D; Bard, D J; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cartaro, C; Convery, M R; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Ebert, M; Field, R C; Sevilla, M Franco; Fulsom, B G; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Lewis, P; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Muller, D R; Neal, H; Nelson, S; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Va'vra, J; Wagner, A P; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Randle-Conde, A; Sekula, S J; Bellis, M; Burchat, P R; Miyashita, T S; Puccio, E M T; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Gorodeisky, R; Guttman, N; Peimer, D R; Soffer, A; Lund, P; Spanier, S M; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schwitters, R F; Wray, B C; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Bianchi, F; Gamba, D; Zambito, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Bernabeu, J; Martinez-Vidal, F; Oyanguren, A; Villanueva-Perez, P; Ahmed, H; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bernlochner, F U; Choi, H H F; King, G J; Kowalewski, R; Lewczuk, M J; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Tasneem, N; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Wu, S L

    2012-01-01

    Although CP violation in the B meson system has been well established by the B factories, there has been no direct observation of time reversal violation. The decays of entangled neutral B mesons into definite flavor states ($B^0$ or $\\bar{B}^0$), and $J/\\psi K_S^0$ or $c\\bar{c} K_S^0$ final states (referred to as $B_+$ or $B_-$), allow comparisons between the probabilities of four pairs of T-conjugated transitions, for example, $\\bar{B}^0 \\rightarrow B_-$ and $B_- \\rightarrow \\bar{B}^0$, as a function of the time difference between the two B decays. Using 468 million $B\\bar{B}$ pairs produced in $\\Upsilon(4S)$ decays collected by the BABAR detector at SLAC, we measure T-violating parameters in the time evolution of neutral B mesons, yielding $\\Delta S_T^+ = -1.37 \\pm 0.14 (stat.) \\pm 0.06 (syst.)$ and $\\Delta S_T^- = 1.17 \\pm 0.18 (stat.) \\pm 0.11 (syst.)$. These nonzero results represent the first direct observation of T violation in the B meson system, through the exchange of initial and final states in tr...

  7. Inclusive meson-resonance production and fragmentation of u-quark jets and diquarks in high-energy neutrino-deuterium interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inclusive neutrino-nucleon charged current interactions are studied in the neutrino energies ranging from 10 to 250 GeV with an average step approximately 50 GeV. Topics covered include: experimental details; selection of charged-current events; inclusive distributions; VEE identification; inclusive vector meson production in muon neutrino-deuterium charged-current interactions; inclusive meson production rates; and diquark fragmentation into lambda neutral particles

  8. Flavor Changing Neutral Currents in a Realistic Composite Technicolor Model

    CERN Document Server

    Carone, C D; Carone, Christopher D.; Hamilton, Rowan T.

    1993-01-01

    We consider the phenomenology of a composite technicolor model proposed recently by Georgi. Composite technicolor interactions produce four-quark operators in the low energy theory that contribute to flavor changing neutral current processes. While we expect operators of this type to be induced at the compositeness scale by the flavor-symmetry breaking effects of the preon mass matrices, the Georgi model also includes operators from higher scales that are not GIM-suppressed. Since these operators are potentially large, we study their impact on flavor changing neutral currents and CP violation in the neutral $B$, $D$, and $K$ meson systems.

  9. Prevención de la isoinmunización materna al RhD, con gamma-globulina anti-D Prevention of maternal RhD isoimmunization with anti-D gamma globulin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Alfredo Baptista-González

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Presentar la experiencia institucional en la prevención de la isoinmunización al RhD, mediante el empleo de 150 µg de gamma-globulina anti-D en las mujeres Rh negativo. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se registraron los antecedentes inmunohematológicos de los casos consecutivos de todas las mujeres Rh negativo que acudieron, para su atención médica, al Instituto Nacional de Perinatología entre 1982 y 1995. A las mujeres con riesgo de isoinmunización se les aplicó 150 µg de gamma-globulina anti-D, con fines preventivos. RESULTADOS: En el periodo de estudio ingresaron 4 857 mujeres Rh negativo (4.85% del total de mujeres, de las cuales 629 (13.0%, presentaron isoinmunización al RhD. De estas últimas, 542 (86.2% ya se encontraron isoinmunizadas desde antes de su ingreso al Instituto. En 22 casos (3.5%, la isoinmunización ocurrió a pesar de que recibieron la dosis adecuada de gamma-globulina anti D. De las 2 605 pacientes (53.6% sometidas a prevención, a 2 039 se les aplicó una sola dosis, y a 475, hasta dos dosis. En 22 casos se documentó la falla de la prevención; sin embargo, en cuatro de ellos, se registraron embarazos múltiples, y los restantes 18 presentaron patología obstétrica asociada. CONCLUSIONES: Mediante este programa de prevención, consistente en administrar 150 µg de gamma-globulina anti-D por dosis, es posible reducir la isoinmunización a menos de un caso por cada 1 000 mujeres. Los fracasos en la prevención de la isoinmunización se asociaron a condiciones obstétricas agregadas y al incumplimiento de las guías o lineamientos del programa. El texto completo en inglés de este artículo está disponible en: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.htmlOBJECTIVE: To report our experience in preventing RhD maternal isoimmunization by using anti-D gamma globulin among Rh-negative women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1982 and 1995, immunologic and hematologic data were collected from all Rh-negative women seen at Mexico

  10. SUITABILITY OF A NEW CALORIMETER FOR EXOTIC MESON SEARCHES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bookwalter, C.; Ostrovidov, A.; Eugenio, P.

    2007-01-01

    Exotic mesons, particles that have quantum numbers that are inaccessible to conventional quark-model mesons, are predicted by quantum chromodynamics (QCD), but past experiments seeking to identify exotic candidates have produced controversial results. The HyCLAS experiment (E04005) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) proposes the use of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) in Hall B to study the photoproduction of exotic mesons. However, the base detector package at CLAS is not ideal for observing and measuring neutral particles, particularly at forward angles. The Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) experiment at TJNAF has commissioned a new calorimeter for detecting small-angle photons, but studies must be performed to determine its suitability for a meson spectroscopy experiment. The ηπ system has been under especial scrutiny in the community as a source for potential exotics, so the new calorimeter’s ability at reconstructing these resonances must be evaluated. To achieve this, the invariant mass of showers in the calorimeter are reconstructed. Also, two electroproduction reaction channels analogous to photoproduction channels of interest to HyCLAS are examined in DVCS data. It is found that, while not ideal, the new calorimeter will allow access to additional reaction channels, and its inclusion in HyCLAS is warranted. Results in basic shower reconstruction show that the calorimeter has good effi ciency in resolving π° decays, but its η reconstruction is not as strong. When examining ep → epπ°η, preliminary reconstruction of the ηπ° system shows faint signals in the a0(980) region. In the ep → e n π+ η channel, preliminary reconstruction of the ηπ+ system gave good signals in the a0(980) and a2(1320) regions, but statistics were poor. While more analyses are necessary to improve statistics and remove background, these preliminary results support the claim

  11. Pseudotensor mesons as three-body resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Roca, L

    2011-01-01

    We show that the lightest pseudotensor mesons J^{PC}=2^-+ can be regarded as molecules made of a pseudoscalar (P) 0^-+ and a tensor 2^++ meson, where the latter is itself made of two vector (V) mesons. The idea stems from the fact that the vector-vector interaction in s-wave and spin 2 is very strong, to the point of generating the 2^++ tensor mesons. On the other hand the interaction of a pseudoscalar with a vector meson in s-wave is also very strong and it generates dynamically the lightest axial-vector mesons. Therefore we expect the PVV interaction to be strongly attractive and thus able to build up quasibound PVV resonances. We calculate the three body PVV interaction by using the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations where the two vectors are clustered forming a tensor meson. We find clear resonant structures which can be identified with the pi_2(1670), eta_2(1645) and K^*_2(1770) (2^-+) pseudotensor mesons.

  12. Scalar and axial-vector mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Van Beveren, E; Beveren, Eef van; Rupp, George

    2007-01-01

    Nowadays, there exists an abundance of theoretical approaches towards the mesonic spectrum, ranging from confinement models of all kinds, i.e., glueballs, and quark-antiquark, multiquark and hybrid configurations, to models in which only mesonic degrees of freedom are taken into account. Nature seems to come out somewhere in the middle, neither preferring pure bound states, nor effective meson-meson physics with only coupling constants and possibly form factors. As a matter of fact, apart from a few exceptions, like pions and kaons, Nature does not allow us to study mesonic bound states of any kind, which is equivalent to saying that such states do not really exist. Hence, instead of extrapolating from pions and kaons to the remainder of the meson family, it is more democratic to consider pions and kaons mesonic resonances that happen to come out below the lowest threshold for strong decay. Nevertheless, confinement is an important ingredient for understanding the many regularities observed in mesonic spectra...

  13. Dynamically generated open and hidden charm mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Gamermann, D; Strottman, D; Vacas, M J Vicente

    2007-01-01

    In this presentation I explain our framework for dynamically generating resonances from the meson meson interaction. Our model generates many poles in the T-matrix which are associated with known states, while at the same time new states are predicted.

  14. New results of radiative meson decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have investigated Coulomb dissociation (the Primakoff effect) of high energy charged r and K mesons on heavy nuclei. New values for the electromagnetic transition rates G(p-→rg) and G(K-→K-g) have been extracted from the data. Some preliminary data for the Primakoff production of higher meson excitations will also be presented

  15. Sigma meson in heavy ion collision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We want to present a short theoretical prediction of the behaviour of the sigma meson in heavy ion collisions. It is considered that the sigma meson is a pion-pion correlation, resulting from the decay of the N*(1440) resonance. There will be presented some QMD simulations. (authors)

  16. Monetary Neutrality

    OpenAIRE

    Apostolos Serletis; Zisimos Koustas

    2015-01-01

    We test the long-run neutrality of money proposition for the United States using the King and Watson (1997) methodology paying attention to the integration and cointegration properties of the variables. We use quarterly data (over the period from 1967:1 to 2014:1) and the new Center for Financial Stability Divisia monetary aggregates, documented in detail in Barnett et al. (2013). We make a comparison among the narrower monetary aggregates, M1 M2M, M2M, M2, and ALL, and the broad monetary agg...

  17. Studies of Excited $D$ mesons in $B$ meson decays

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2082679

    This thesis documents the studies of several three-body B + meson decays, each with a charged charmed meson in the final state. All analyses presented use a data sample recorded by the LHCb detector in 2011 and 2012, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 $fb^{-1}$ of $pp$ collision data. The $B^{+} \\to D^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{+}$ and $B^{+} \\to D^{+}K^{+}\\pi^{-}$ decay modes are observed for the first time. The branching fraction of the favoured $B^{+} \\to D^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{+}$ decay mode is measured relative to the topologically similar $B^{+} \\to D^{-}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{+}$ decay and the $B^{+} \\to D^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{+}$ final state is used as a normalisation channel for the suppressed $B^{+} \\to D^{+}K^{+}\\pi^{-}$ decay branching fraction measurement. Searches are performed for the quasi-two-body decays $B^{+} \\to D^{+}K^{*}(892)^{0}$ and $B^{+} \\to D_{2}^{*}(2460)^{0}K^{+}$, using the sample of $B^{+} \\to D^{+}K^{+}\\pi^{-}$ candidate decays. No significant signals are observed for either decay mode and upper limits a...

  18. Status of chiral meson physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bijnens, Johan [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, Sölvegatan 14A, SE 22362 Lund (Sweden)

    2016-01-22

    This talk includes a short introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory in the meson sector concentrating on a number of recent developments. I discuss the latest fit of the low-energy constants. Finite volume corrections are discussed for the case with twisted boundary conditions for form-factors and first results at two-loops for three flavours for masses. The last part discusses the extension to other symmetry breaking patterns relevant for technicolour and related theories as well as the calculation of leading logarithms to high loop orders.

  19. Light meson radial Regge trajectories

    OpenAIRE

    Badalian, A.M.; Bakker, B. L. G.; Simonov, Yu. A.

    2002-01-01

    A new physical mechanism is suggested to explain the universal depletion of high meson excitations. It takes into account the appearance of holes inside the string world sheet due to $q\\bar{q}$ pair creation when the length of the string exceeds the critical value $R_1 \\simeq 1.4$ fm. It is argued that a delicate balance between large $N_c$ loop suppression and a favorable gain in the action, produced by holes, creates a new metastable (predecay) stage with a renormalized string tension which...

  20. ν' meson as pseudoscalar gluonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problem of the ν' meson as a pseudoscalar gluonium within the systematic approach to the resonance physics is considered. QCD sum rules induced by the current Gsub(μν)sup(α)Gsub(μν)sup(α) tilde constructed form gluon field operators are derived. By saturating the sum rules the ν' rough estimates fro the ν' mass and its residue are given. The difference between the ν' and typical quark states such as the rho is noted. Breaking of the operator expansion by the instanton effects is discussed

  1. Results for light pseudoscalar mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Bazavov, A; DeTar, C; Du, X; Freeman, W; Gottlieb, Steven; Heller, Urs M; Hetrick, J E; Laiho, J; Levkova, L; Oktay, M B; Osborn, J; Sugar, R; Toussaint, D; Van de Water, R S

    2010-01-01

    We present the current status of the MILC collaboration's calculations of the properties of the light pseudoscalar meson sector. We use asqtad staggered ensembles with 2+1 dynamical flavors down to $a \\approx 0.045$ fm and light quark mass down to 0.05 $m_s$. Here we describe fits to the data using chiral forms from SU(3) chiral perturbation theory, including all staggered taste violations at NLO and the continuum NNLO chiral logarithms. We emphasize issues of convergence of the chiral expansion.

  2. Confirmation of the 1-+ meson exotics in the ηπ0 system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The exclusive reaction π-p→ηπ0n, η→π+π-π0 at 18GeV/c has been studied with a partial wave analysis on a sample of 23 492 ηπ0n events from BNL experiment E852. A mass-dependent fit is consistent with a resonant hypothesis for the P+ wave, thus providing evidence for a neutral exotic meson with JPC=1-+, a mass of 1257±20±25MeV/c2, and a width of 354±64±60MeV/c2. New interpretations of the meson exotics in neutral ηπ0 system observed in E852 and Crystal Barrel experiments are discussed

  3. Scalar Meson Spectroscopy with Lattice Staggered Fermions

    CERN Document Server

    Bernard, Claude; Fu, Ziwen; Prelovsek, Sasa

    2007-01-01

    With sufficiently light up and down quarks the isovector ($a_0$) and isosinglet ($f_0$) scalar meson propagators are dominated at large distance by two-meson states. In the staggered fermion formulation of lattice quantum chromodynamics, taste-symmetry breaking causes a proliferation of two-meson states that further complicates the analysis of these channels. Many of them are unphysical artifacts of the lattice approximation. They are expected to disappear in the continuum limit. The staggered-fermion fourth-root procedure has its purported counterpart in rooted staggered chiral perturbation theory (rSXPT). Fortunately, the rooted theory provides a strict framework that permits the analysis of scalar meson correlators in terms of only a small number of low energy couplings. Thus the analysis of the point-to-point scalar meson correlators in this context gives a useful consistency check of the fourth-root procedure and its proposed chiral realization. Through numerical simulation we have measured correlators f...

  4. Vector meson condensation in a pion superfluid

    CERN Document Server

    Brauner, Tomas

    2016-01-01

    We revisit the suggestion that charged rho-mesons undergo Bose-Einstein condensation in isospin-rich nuclear matter. Using a simple version of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model, we conclude that rho-meson condensation is either avoided or postponed to isospin chemical potentials much higher than the rho-meson mass as a consequence of the repulsive interaction with the preformed pion condensate. In order to support our numerical results, we work out a linear sigma model for pions and rho-mesons, showing that the two models lead to similar patterns of medium dependence of meson masses. As a byproduct, we analyze in detail the mapping between the NJL model and the linear sigma model, focusing on conditions that must be satisfied for a quantitative agreement between the models.

  5. Light Vector Mesons in the Nuclear Medium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wood, Michael; Nasseripour, Rakhsha; Weygand, Dennis; Djalali, Chaden; Tur, Clarisse; Mosel, Ulrich; Muehlich, Pascal; Adams, Gary; Amaryan, Moscov; Amaryan, Moskov; Ambrozewicz, Pawel; Anghinolfi, Marco; Asryan, Gegham; Avagyan, Harutyun; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes; Baillie, Nathan; Ball, James; Baltzell, Nathan; Barrow, Steve; Battaglieri, Marco; Bedlinskiy, Ivan; Bektasoglu, Mehmet; Bellis, Matthew; Benmouna, Nawal; Berman, Barry; Biselli, Angela; Blaszczyk, Lukasz; Bouchigny, Sylvain; Boyarinov, Sergey; Bradford, Robert; Branford, Derek; Briscoe, William; Brooks, William; Burkert, Volker; Butuceanu, Cornel; Calarco, John; Careccia, Sharon; Carman, Daniel; Carnahan, Bryan; Casey, Liam; Chen, Shifeng; Cheng, Lu; Cole, Philip; Collins, Patrick; Coltharp, Philip; Crabb, Donald; Crannell, Hall; Crede, Volker; Cummings, John; Dashyan, Natalya; De Vita, Raffaella; De Sanctis, Enzo; Degtiarenko, Pavel; Denizli, Haluk; Dennis, Lawrence; Deur, Alexandre; Dharmawardane, Kahanawita; Dickson, Richard; Dodge, Gail; Doughty, David; Dugger, Michael; Dytman, Steven; Dzyubak, Oleksandr; Egiyan, Hovanes; Egiyan, Kim; Elfassi, Lamiaa; Elouadrhiri, Latifa; Eugenio, Paul; Fedotov, Gleb; Feldman, Gerald; Feuerbach, Robert; Fradi, Ahmed; Funsten, Herbert; Garcon, Michel; Gavalian, Gagik; Gilfoyle, Gerard; Giovanetti, Kevin; Girod, Francois-Xavier; Goetz, John; Gordon, Christopher; Gothe, Ralf; Griffioen, Keith; Guidal, Michel; Guler, Nevzat; Guo, Lei; Gyurjyan, Vardan; Hadjidakis, Cynthia; Hafidi, Kawtar; Hakobyan, Hayk; Hakobyan, Rafael; Hanretty, Charles; Hardie, John; Hassall, Neil; Hersman, F.; Hicks, Kenneth; Hleiqawi, Ishaq; Holtrop, Maurik; Hyde, Charles; Ilieva, Yordanka; Ireland, David; Ishkhanov, Boris; Isupov, Evgeny; Ito, Mark; Jenkins, David; Jo, Hyon-Suk; Johnstone, John; Joo, Kyungseon; Juengst, Henry; Kalantarians, Narbe; Kellie, James; Khandaker, Mahbubul; Khetarpal, Puneet; Kim, Wooyoung; Klein, Andreas; Klein, Franz; Klimenko, Alexei; Kossov, Mikhail; Krahn, Zebulun; Kramer, Laird; Kubarovsky, Valery; Kuhn, Joachim; Kuhn, Sebastian; Kuleshov, Sergey; Lachniet, Jeff; Laget, Jean; Langheinrich, Jorn; Lawrence, David; Li, Ji; Livingston, Kenneth; Lu, Haiyun; MacCormick, Marion; Markov, Nikolai; Mattione, Paul; McAleer, Simeon; McKinnon, Bryan; McNabb, John; Mecking, Bernhard; Mehrabyan, Surik; Melone, Joseph; Mestayer, Mac; Meyer, Curtis; Mibe, Tsutomu; Mikhaylov, Konstantin; Minehart, Ralph; Mirazita, Marco; Miskimen, Rory; Mokeev, Viktor; Moriya, Kei; Morrow, Steven; Moteabbed, Maryam; Mueller, James; Munevar Espitia, Edwin; Mutchler, Gordon; Nadel-Turonski, Pawel; Niccolai, Silvia; Niculescu, Gabriel; Niculescu, Maria-Ioana; Niczyporuk, Bogdan; Niroula, Megh; Niyazov, Rustam; Nozar, Mina; Osipenko, Mikhail; Ostrovidov, Alexander; Park, Kijun; Pasyuk, Evgueni; Paterson, Craig; Pereira, Sergio; Pierce, Joshua; Pivnyuk, Nikolay; Pocanic, Dinko; Pogorelko, Oleg; Pozdnyakov, Sergey; Preedom, Barry; Price, John; Prok, Yelena; Protopopescu, Dan; Raue, Brian; Riccardi, Gregory; Ricco, Giovanni; Ripani, Marco; Ritchie, Barry; Ronchetti, Federico; Rosner, Guenther; Rossi, Patrizia; Sabatie, Franck; Salamanca, Julian; Salgado, Carlos; Santoro, Joseph; Sapunenko, Vladimir; Schumacher, Reinhard; Serov, Vladimir; Sharabian, Youri; Sharov, Dmitri; Shvedunov, Nikolay; Smith, Elton; Smith, Lee; Sober, Daniel; Sokhan, Daria; Stavinsky, Aleksey; Stepanyan, Stepan; Stepanyan, Samuel; Stokes, Burnham; Stoler, Paul; Strakovski, Igor; Strauch, Steffen; Taiuti, Mauro; Tedeschi, David; Tkabladze, Avtandil; Tkachenko, Svyatoslav; Todor, Luminita; Ungaro, Maurizio; Vineyard, Michael; Vlassov, Alexander; Watts, Daniel; Weinstein, Lawrence; Williams, Michael; Wolin, Elliott; Yegneswaran, Amrit; Zana, Lorenzo; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Jixie; Zhao, Bo; Zhao, Zhiwen

    2008-07-01

    The light vector mesons ($\\rho$, $\\omega$, and $\\phi$) were produced in deuterium, carbon, titanium, and iron targets in a search for possible in-medium modifications to the properties of the $\\rho$ meson at normal nuclear densities and zero temperature. The vector mesons were detected with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) via their decays to $e^{+}e^{-}$. The rare leptonic decay was chosen to reduce final-state interactions. A combinatorial background was subtracted from the invariant mass spectra using a well-established event-mixing technique. The $\\rho$ meson mass spectrum was extracted after the $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ signals were removed in a nearly model-independent way. Comparisons were made between the $\\rho$ mass spectra from the heavy targets ($A > 2$) with the mass spectrum extracted from the deuterium target. With respect to the $\\rho$-meson mass, we obtain a small shift compatible with zero. Also, we measure widths consistent with standard nuclear many-body eff

  6. Meson spectroscopy, quark mixing and quantum chromodynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Filippov, A.T.

    1979-04-01

    A semiphenomenological theory of the quark-antiquark meson mass spectrum is presented. Relativistic kinematic effects due to unequal quark masses and SU (3) -breaking effects in the slopes of Regge trajectories and in radially excited states are taken into account. Violation of the OZI rule is accounted for by means of a mixing matrix for the quark wave functions, which is given by QCD. To describe the dependence of the mixing parameters on the meson masses, a simple extrapolation of the QCD expressions is proposed from the ''asymptotic-freedom'' region to the ''infrared-slavery'' region. To calculate the masses and mixing angles of the pseudoscalar mesons, the condition for a minimal pion mass is proposed. The eta-meson mass is then shown to be close to its maximum. The predictions of the theory for meson masses and mixing angles are in good agreement with experiment.

  7. Strange and charm mesons at FAIR

    CERN Document Server

    Tolos, L; Gamermann, D; Garcia-Recio, C; Molina, R; Nieves, J; Oset, E; Ramos, A

    2009-01-01

    We study the properties of strange and charm mesons in hot and dense matter within a self-consistent coupled-channel approach for the experimental conditions of density and temperature expected for the CBM experiment at FAIR/GSI. The in-medium solution at finite temperature accounts for Pauli blocking effects, mean-field binding of all the baryons involved, and meson self-energies. We analyze the behaviour in this hot and dense environment of dynamically-generated baryonic resonances together with the evolution with density and temperature of the strange and open-charm meson spectral functions. We test the spectral functions for strange mesons using energy-weighted sum rules and finally discuss the implications of the properties of charm mesons on the D_{s0}(2317) and the predicted X(3700) scalar resonances.

  8. Taming the supergravity description of non-BPS D-branes: the D/anti-D solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bain, Pascal

    2001-04-01

    We obtain the supergravity solution which describes a bound state of D-string/anti-D-string pairs attached to different fixed planes of an orbifold, in type-IIB string theory compactified on T4/Bbb Z2. For parameters at which the conformal field theory point of view predicts stability, the solution displays a repulson-like singularity. However, we observe that a D-string/anti-D-string pair probe in this background becomes tensionless before reaching the singularity, suggesting a resolution by the enhançon mechanism. Moreover, the force feels by this probe is attractive, in contrast to the repulsive behaviour observed in the non-BPS D-brane description.

  9. Anti-flow of K$^0_s$ Mesons in 6 AGeV Au + Au Collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Chung, P; Alexander, J M; Anderson, M; Best, D; Brady, F P; Case, T; Caskey, W; Cebra, D; Chance, J L; Cole, B; Crowe, K M; Das, A; Draper, J E; Gilkes, M L; Gushue, S; Heffner, M; Hirsch, A S; Hjort, E L; Huo, L; Justice, M; Kaplan, M; Keane, D; Kintner, J C; Klay, J L; Krofcheck, D; Lacey, R A; Lauret, J; Lisa, M A; Liu, H; Liu, Y M; McGrath, R; Milosevich, Z; Odyniec, Grazyna Janina; Olson, D L; Panitkin, S Y; Pinkenburg, C H; Porile, N T; Rai, G; Ritter, H G; Romero, J L; Scharenberg, R P; Schröder, L; Srivastava, B; BStone, N T; Symons, T J M; Wienold, T; Whitfield, R W J; Wood, L; Zhang Wei Ning

    2000-01-01

    We have measured the sideward flow of neutral strange ($K^0_s$) mesons in 6 AGeV Au + Au collisions. A prominent anti-flow signal is observed for an impact parameter range (b $\\lesssim 7$ fm) which spans central and mid-central events. Since the $K^0_s$ scattering cross section is relatively small in nuclear matter, this observation suggests that the in-medium kaon vector potential plays an important role in high density nuclear matter.

  10. Measurement of the D0 - anti-D0 lifetime difference using D0 -> Kpi/KK decays

    OpenAIRE

    Abe, K.

    2003-01-01

    We report a preliminary measurement of the D0-anti-D0 mixing parameter y_CP and the CP-violating parameter A_G using the decay D*+ -> D0 pi+ followed by D0 -> K- pi+ and D0 -> K+ K-. The results are obtained from a 158 fb^-1 data sample collected near the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric energy e+ e- collider.

  11. Measurement of D*± meson production in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Measurements of charm production in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA at a centre-of-mass energy of 318 GeV are reported in this thesis. The analysis was performed using the data collected with the ZEUS detector during the years 2004 to 2007, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 363 pb-1. The production of charm quarks was studied through the full kinematic reconstruction of D*± mesons in the decay channel D*± → D0/ anti D0π±. The studies have been performed for virtualities of the exchanged photon of 5 2 2 and inelasticities of 0.02 ± kinematic phase space is defined by the transverse momentum range, 1.5 TD*± D*± vertical stroke ± mesons. The total visible cross section for D*± production as well as single-and double-differential cross sections were measured and compared to the corresponding D*± measurements performed by the H1 collaboration in the same phase-space region. The measurements are well described by NLO QCD predictions. The double-differential cross sections were exploited to extract the charm contribution to the proton structure function, F2cantic, expressed in terms of the reduced charm-production cross sections, σredcantic, and compared to the predictions from HERAPDF1.5 and to the recent measurements from the H1 and ZEUS collaborations.

  12. The Viscosity of Meson Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Dobado, A; Dobado, Antonio; Llanes-Estrada, Felipe J.

    2003-01-01

    We report a calculation of the shear viscosity in a relativistic multicomponent meson gas as a function of temperature and chemical potentials. We approximately solve the Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport equation of kinetic theory, appropriate for a boson gas, with relativistic kinematics. Since at low temperatures the gas can be taken as mostly composed of pions, with a fraction of kaons and etas, we explore the region where binary elastic collisions with at least one pion are the dominant scattering processes. Our input meson scattering phase shifts are fits to the experimental data obtained from chiral perturbation theory and the Inverse Amplitude Method. Our results take the correct non-relativistic limit (viscosity proportional to the square root of the temperature), show a viscosity of order the cubed of the pion mass up to temperatures somewhat below that mass, and then a large increase due to kaons and etas. Our approximation may break down at even higher temperatures, where the viscosity follows a tempera...

  13. Pseudocalar meson and vector meson interactions and dynamically generated axial-vector mesons

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Yu; Ren, Xiu-Lei; Chen, Hua-Xing; Geng, Li-Sheng

    2014-01-01

    The axial-vector mesons $a_1(1260)$, $b_1(1235)$, $f_1(1285)$, $h_1(1170)$, $h_1(1380)$, and $K_1(1270)$ are dynamically generated in the unitized chiral perturbation theory. Such a picture has been tested extensively in the past few years. In this work, we calculate the interaction kernel up to $\\mathcal{O}(p^2)$ and study the impact on the dynamically generated axial-vector states. In anticipation of future lattice QCD simulations, we calculate the scattering lengths and the pole positions ...

  14. Thrombocytopenia associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever responds to intravenous administration of anti-D (Rh(0)-D) immune globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Castro, Reynaldo Angelo C; de Castro, Jo-Anne A; Barez, Marie Yvette C; Frias, Melchor V; Dixit, Jitendra; Genereux, Maurice

    2007-04-01

    Severe thrombocytopenia and increased vascular permeability are two major characteristics of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). An immune mechanism of thrombocytopenia due to increased platelet destruction appears to be operative in patients with DHF (see Saito et al., 2004, Clin Exp Immunol 138: 299-303; Mitrakul, 1979, Am J Trop Med Hyg 26: 975-984; and Boonpucknavig, 1979, Am J Trop Med Hyg 28: 881-884). The interim data of two randomized placebo controlled trials in patients (N = 47) meeting WHO criteria for dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) with severe thrombocytopenia (platelets WinRho SDF), 50 microg/kg (250 IU/kg) intravenously is more brisk than the placebo group. The mean maximum platelet count of the anti-D-treated group at 48 hours was 91,500/mm(3) compared with 69,333/mm(3) in the placebo group. 75% of the anti-D-treated group demonstrated an increase of platelet counts > or = 20,000 compared with only 58% in the placebo group. These data suggest that treatment of severe thrombocytopenia accompanying DHF with anti-D may be a useful and safe therapeutic option. PMID:17426181

  15. Inhibition of phagocytic recognition of anti-D opsonized Rh D+ RBC by polymer-mediated immunocamouflage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Li; Noumsi, Ghislain T; Kwok, Yin Yu Eunice; Moulds, Joann M; Scott, Mark D

    2015-12-01

    The Rh D antigen posed both a significant clinical risk and inventory supply issue in transfusion medicine. The successful development of the immunocamouflaged RBC has the potential to address both the risk of acute anti-D transfusion reactions and to improve D- blood inventory in geographic locations where D- blood is rare (e.g., China). The immunocamouflage of RBC was mediated by the covalent grafting of methoxy(polyethylene glycol) to the cell membrane thereby obscuring the D protein from the immune system. To determine the potential efficacy of mPEG-D+ RBC in D- recipients, anti-D alloantibodies from previously alloimmunized individuals were utilized. The effects of polymer chain size (2-30 kDa) and grafting concentration (0-4 mM) on antibody binding and erythrophagocytosis were determined using the clinically validated monocyte monolayer assay (MMA) and flow cytometry. The immunocamouflage of D was polymer size and grafting concentration dependent as determined using human anti-D alloantibodies (both pooled [RhoGAM] and single donors). Importantly, the 20 kDa polymer provided excellent immunocamouflage of D and reached a clinically significant level of protection, as measured by the MMA, at grafting concentrations of ≥1.5 mM. These findings further support the potential use of immunocamouflaged RBC to reduce the risk of acute transfusion reactions following administration of D+ blood to D- recipients in situations where D- units are unavailable or supply is geographically constrained. PMID:26440218

  16. Strong Couplings of Three Mesons with Charm(ing) Involvement

    CERN Document Server

    Lucha, Wolfgang; Sazdjian, Hagop; Simula, Silvano

    2016-01-01

    We determine the strong couplings of three mesons that involve, at least, one $\\eta_c$ or $J/\\psi$ meson, within the framework of a constituent-quark model by means of relativistic dispersion formulations. For strong couplings of $J/\\psi$ mesons to two charmed mesons, our approach leads to predictions roughly twice as large as those arising from QCD sum rules.

  17. Distortion of the HBT images by meson clouds

    CERN Document Server

    Hattori, K

    2009-01-01

    We study the effects of mesonic final state interactions on the Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT) intensity interferometry for mesons in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. Modification of the one-body amplitude of emitted mesons while going through a cloud of other mesons is estimated in the semiclassical approximation with a mesonic optical potential which incorporates both coherent forward scattering with other mesons and the absorption due to the incoherent scattering in the meson clouds. We show how these effects results in the distortion of the HBT images.

  18. Exclusive φ meson production in HERMES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golembiovskaya, Mayya

    2014-03-15

    In the present work exclusive φ meson leptoproduction at HERMES experiment in DESY was studied using the data collected at HERA accelerator in the period from 1998 till 2000 and from 2006 till 2007 years. In the analysis unpolarized and longitudinally polarized hydrogen and deuteron targets were used, the beam consisted of longitudinally polarized leptons. Via measurement of the angular and momentum distribution of the φ meson decay products 23 spin density matrix elements (SDMEs) for the φ meson were obtained. The number of SDMEs was defined by the experiment conditions, e.g. by the beam and target polarization directions. For the mentioned time period φ meson SDMEs were defined at HERMES for the first time. The quantities U{sub 1}, U{sub 2} and U{sub 3} which can be used to check presence of unnatural parity exchange (UPE) mechanism in phi meson production were calculated from SDMEs. All the results were obtained in 3 kinematic bins of Q{sup 2}, 4 kinematic bins of t' and for the integrated kinematics. No statistically significant difference between the results for hydrogen and deuteron targets was observed. The UPE quantities were found to be zero within 2 σ for the integrated kinematics, indicating negligible contribution of UPE for the φ meson production which is in agreement with theory predictions. The test of s-channel helicity conservation hypothesis via comparison of corresponding SDME values showed helicity conservation for the φ meson production.

  19. GlueX: Meson Spectroscopy in Photoproduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salgado, Carlos [Norfolk State University, JLAB; Smith, Elton S. [JLAB

    2014-03-01

    The goal of the GlueX experiment \\cite{gluex} is to provide crucial data to help understand the soft gluonic fields responsible for binding quarks in hadrons. Hybrid mesons, and in particular exotic hybrid mesons, provide the ideal laboratory for testing QCD in the confinement regime since these mesons explicitly manifest the gluonic degrees of freedom. Photoproduction is expected to be effective in producing exotic hybrids but there is little data on the photoproduction of light mesons. GlueX will use the new 12-GeV electron beam at Jefferson Lab to produce a 9-GeV beam of linearly polarized photons using the technique of coherent bremsstrahlung. A solenoid-based hermetic detector is under construction, which will be used to collect data on meson production and decays. These data will also be used to study the spectrum of conventional mesons, including the poorly understood excited vector mesons. This talk will give an update on the experiment as well as describe theoretical developments \\cite{Dudek:2011bn} to help understand how these data can provide insights into the fundamental theory of strong interactions.

  20. Quantum field theory approaches to meson structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meson spectroscopy became one of the most interesting topics in particle physics in the last ten years. In particular, the discovery of new unexpected states in the charmonium spectrum which cannot be simply explained by the constituent quark model attracted the interest of many theoretical efforts. In the present thesis we discuss different meson structures ranging from light and heavy quark-antiquark states to bound states of hadrons-hadronic molecules. Here we consider the light scalar mesons f0(980) and a0(980) and the charmonium-like Y(3940), Y(4140) and Z±(4430) states. In the discussion of the meson properties like mass spectrum, total and partial decay widths and production rates we introduce three different theoretical methods for the treatment and description of hadronic structure. For the study of bound states of mesons we apply a coupled channel approach which allows for the dynamical generation of meson-meson resonances. The decay properties of meson molecules are further on studied within a second model based on effective Lagrangians describing the interaction of the bound state and its constituents. Besides hadronic molecules the effective Lagrangian approach is also used to study the radiative and strong decay properties of ordinary quark-antiquark (q anti q) states. The AdS/QCD model forms the completion of the three theoretical methods introduced in the present thesis. This holographic model provides a completely different ansatz and is based on extra dimensions and string theory. Within this framework we calculate the mass spectrum of light and heavy mesons and their decay constants.

  1. Photoproduction of $\\omega$ mesons off nuclei and impact of polarization on meson-nucleon interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Chudakov, E; Somov, A

    2015-01-01

    We consider photoproduction of $\\omega$ mesons off complex nuclei to study interactions of transversely and longitudinally polarized vector mesons with nucleons. Whereas the total cross section for interactions of the transversely polarized vector mesons with nucleons $\\sigma_T=\\sigma(V_TN)$ can be obtained from coherent photoproduction, measurements of vector meson photoproduction in the incoherent region provide a unique opportunity to extract the total cross section for longitudinally polarized mesons interacting with nucleons $\\sigma_L=\\sigma(V_LN)$, which has not yet been measured and strongly depends on theoretical approaches. This work is stimulated by the construction of the new experiment GlueX at Jefferson Lab, designed to study the photoproduction of mesons in a large beam energy range up to 12 GeV.

  2. Meson facility. Powerful new research tool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A meson facility is being built at the Institute of Nuclear Research, USSR Academy of Sciences, in Troitsk, where the Scientific Center, USSR Academy of Sciences is located. The facility will include a linear accelerator for protons and negative hydrogen ions with 600 MeV energy and 0.5-1 mA beam current. Some fundamental studies that can be studied at a meson facility are described in the areas of elementary particles, neutron physics, solid state physics, and applied research. The characteristics of the linear accelerator are given and the meson facility's experimental complex is described

  3. Bottom-strange mesons in hyperonic matter

    OpenAIRE

    Pathak, Divakar; Mishra, Amruta

    2014-01-01

    The in-medium behavior of bottom-strange pseudoscalar mesons in hot, isospin asymmetric and dense hadronic environment is studied using a chiral effective model. The same was recently generalized to the heavy quark sector and employed to study the behavior of open-charm and open-bottom mesons. The heavy quark (anti-quark) is treated as frozen and all medium modifications of these bottom-strange mesons are due to their strange anti-quark (quark) content. We observe a pronounced dependence of t...

  4. Production of Neutral and Doubly Charged Partners of D_{s0}^+(2317) Revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Terasaki, Kunihiko

    2016-01-01

    Rates for productions of neutral and doubly charged partners of D_{s0}^+(2317) in B meson decays are studied by using a hard D meson approximation in the infinite momentum frame, and the results are of the same order of magnitude as that of D_{s0}^+(2317). Because the bottom-strange X^{+-}(5568) which can be interpreted as iso-triplet bottom partners of D_{s0}^+(2317) have recently been discovered, observations of neutral and doubly charged partners of D_{s0}^+(2317) are strongly desired.

  5. Production of D0(1863) mesons in 217 GeV/c pi-minus proton interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis reports on the analysis of data obtained during FNAL experiment E369. The Chicago Cyclotron Magnet Spectrometer Facility was used to perform a search for the hadronic production of charmed D mesons. A 217 Gev π- beam was incident on a liquid hydrogen target. The trigger required a slow recoil proton in coincidence with a muon. A total of 26 +- 8 neutral D mesons were observed through their K0π+π- decay mode. The distributions of Feynman X, missing mass, and momentum transfer to the recoil proton were consistent with diffractive production. Cross sections were calculated based on a diffractive model

  6. Search for Rare and Forbidden Charm Meson Decays $D^{0} \\to V l^{+}l^{-}$ and $hhll$

    CERN Document Server

    Aitala, E M; Anjos, J C; Appel, J A; Ashery, D; Todorova-Nová, S; Bediaga, I; Blaylock, G; Bracker, S B; Burchat, Patricia R; Burnstein, R A; Carter, T; Carvalho, H S; Copty, N K; Cremaldi, L M; Darling, C L; Denisenko, K; Fernández, A; Fox, G F; Gagnon, P; Göbel, C; Gounder, K; Halling, A M; Herrera-Corral, G; Hurvits, G; James, C; Kasper, P A; Kwan, S; Langs, D C; Leslie, J; Lundberg, B; Magnin, J; May Tal-Beck, S; Meadows, B; De Mello-Neto, J R T; Mihalcea, D; Milburn, R H; De Miranda, J M; Napier, A; Nguyen, A; De Oliveira, A B; O'Shaughnessy, K F; Peng, K C; Perera, L P; Purohit, M V; Quinn, B; Radeztsky, S; Rafatian, A; Reay, N W; Reidy, J J; Dos Reis, A C; Rubin, H A; Sanders, D A; Santha, A K S; Santoro, A F S; Schwartz, A J; Sheaff, M; Sidwell, R A; Slaughter, A J; Sokoloff, M D; Solano, J M; Stanton, N R; Stefanski, R J; Stenson, K; Summers, D J; Takach, S F; Thorne, K; Tripathi, A K; Watanabe, S; Weiss-Babai, R; Wiener, J; Witchey, N; Wolin, E; Yang, S M; Yi, D; Yoshida, S; Zaliznyak, R; Zhang, C

    2001-01-01

    We report the results of a search for flavor-changing neutral current, lepton-flavor, and lepton-number violating decays of the 3 and 4-body decay modes of D0 (and its antiparticle) containing muons and electrons. Using data from Fermilab charm hadroproduction experiment E791, we examine modes with two leptons and either a Rho(0), Kstar, or Phi vector meson or a non-resonant Pi Pi, K Pi, or K K pair of pseudoscalar mesons. No evidence for any of these decays is found. Therefore, we present branching-fraction upper limits at 90% confidence level for the 27 decay modes examined (18 new).

  7. Neutral currents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A short survey of the new experimental data on weak neutral currents is given, followed by a comparison with modern theoretical models. Cross sections of the anti νsub(e)e → anti νsub(e)e, anti νsub(μ)e→ νsub(μ)e, νp → νp and anti νp → anti νp elastic scattering as well as inclusive cross sections of the ν+N → ν+X and anti ν+N → anti ν+X deep inelastic scattering are presented. On the basis of the comparison the Weinberg-Salam model is concluded to be in a good agreement with the shape of the cross sections. Six-quark vector models appear to be ruled out. The five-quark model due to Achiman, Koller and Walsh and two versions of the Gursey-Sikivie model satisfactorily account for the observed data in shape and in magnitude

  8. Tetraquarks in the 1/N expansion and meson-meson resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Maiani, L

    2016-01-01

    Diquarks are found to have the right degrees of freedom to describe the tetraquark poles in hidden-charm to open-charm meson-meson amplitudes. Compact tetraquarks result as intermediate states in non-planar diagrams of the 1/N expansion and the corresponding resonances are narrower than what estimated before. The proximity of tetraquarks to meson-thresholds has an apparent role in this analysis and, in the language of meson molecules, an halving rule in the counting of states is obtained.

  9. Weak decays of the Bc meson to Bs and B mesons in the relativistic quark model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Semileptonic and non-leptonic decays of the Bc meson to Bs and B mesons, caused by the c→s,d quark transitions, are studied in the framework of the relativistic quark model. The heavy quark expansion in inverse powers of the active c and spectator anti b quark is used to simplify calculations while the final s and d quarks in the Bs and B mesons are treated relativistically. The decay form factors are explicitly expressed through the overlap integrals of the meson wave functions in the whole accessible kinematical range. The obtained results are compared with the predictions of other approaches. (orig.)

  10. Comment on "Mixing and Decay Constants of Pseudoscalar Mesons"

    CERN Document Server

    Kirchbach, M

    1999-01-01

    The key assumption used recently by Feldmann, Kroll and Stich [Phys.Rev. D58, 114006 (1998)] that the decay constants f_\\eta, and f_\\eta ' of the respective eta and eta ' mesons in the quark flavor basis follow the pattern of strange and non--strange quarkonia mixing in their wave functions, is reproduced in identifying the non-isotriplet part of the strong neutral axial current with the genuine axial hypercharge current J_{\\mu, 5}^Y =\\bar q \\gamma_\\mu\\gamma_5 Y/2 q, where Y=C+S+B is defined by the Gell-Mann-Nakano-Nishijima relation as the sum of charm (C), strangeness (S), and baryon (B) quark quantum numbers. The inequivalence between octet and hypercharge axial currents is pointed out.

  11. Molecular status of non-qq mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Gerasyuta, S M

    2000-01-01

    The relativistic four-quark equations are found in the framework of the dispersion relation technique. The calculations of non-qq meson amplitudes estimate the contributions of three subamplitudes: four-quark amplitude, glueball amplitude and hadronic molekule amplitudes.

  12. (→ + - 0) meson photoproduction on proton

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Swapan Das

    2010-10-01

    The cross-section for the + - 0 invariant mass distribution in the $ p$ reaction in the GeV region is calculated. This reaction is assumed to proceed through the formation of the -meson in the intermediate state, because the production cross-section for this meson in the reaction in the GeV region is significant and it has a large branching ratio (88.8%) in the + − 0 channel. The cross-sections for this reaction are calculated using the energy-dependent reaction amplitude, → (0), extracted from the latest -meson photoproduction data. We use established procedure to calculate other factors, like width and propagator of the -meson, so that our calculation can provide reliable cross-section. The calculated results reproduce the measured + - 0 invariant mass distribution spectra in the reaction.

  13. Photo and electroproduction of heavy mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report reviews first the η0 photoproduction then the photoproduction vector mesons and presents some results. Finally, some notes on the experimental devices which should have to be developed to undertake this study are given

  14. The Jigsaw Puzzle of Scalar Mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Boglione, M

    2004-01-01

    This is a brief overview of light scalar meson spectroscopy, addressing longstanding problems, recent developments and future perspectives. In particular, a new comprehensive data analysis is introduced which will help to unravel the structure of the f_0(980).

  15. Meson Condensation in Dense Matter Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Yabu, Hiroyuki; Myhrer, F.; Kubodera, K.

    1994-01-01

    The results for meson condensation in the literature vary markedly depending on whether one uses chiral perturbation theory or the current-algebra-plus-PCAC approach. To elucidate the origin of this discrepancy, we re-examine the role of the sigma-term in meson condensation. We find that the resolution of the existing discrepancy requires a knowledge of terms in the Lagrangian that are higher order in density than hitherto considered.

  16. Bs mesons: semileptonic and nonleptonic decays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albertus C.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this contribution we compute some nonleptonic and semileptonic decay widths of Bs mesons, working in the context of constituent quark models [1, 2]. For the case of semileptonic decays we consider reactions leading to kaons or different Jπ Ds mesons. The study of nonleptonic decays has been done in the factorisation approximation and includes the final states enclosed in Table 2.

  17. Meson condensation in dense matter revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Yabu, H; Kubodera, K; Yabu, Hiroyuki

    1994-01-01

    The results for meson condensation in the literature vary markedly depending on whether one uses chiral perturbation theory or the current-algebra-plus-PCAC approach. To elucidate the origin of this discrepancy, we re-examine the role of the sigma-term in meson condensation. We find that the resolution of the existing discrepancy requires a knowledge of terms in the Lagrangian that are higher order in density than hitherto considered.

  18. Meson and baryon spectroscopy on the lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Richards

    2010-12-01

    Recent progress at understanding the excited state spectrum of mesons and baryons is described. I begin by outlining the application of the variational method to compute the spectrum, and the program of anisotropic clover lattice generation designed for hadron spectroscopy. I present results for the excited meson spectrum, with continuum quantum numbers of the states clearly delineated. I conclude with recent results for the low lying baryon spectrum, and the prospects for future calculations.

  19. Light $O^{++}$ Mesons: Scalargators in Florida

    OpenAIRE

    Pennington, M. R.

    2010-01-01

    Light scalar mesons abound in hadron processes, like the alligators in the Florida Everglades. Moreover, scalars are intimately tied to the vacuum structure of QCD. They are the product of many decays. Consequently, a rich source of recent information about them has come from experiments producing heavy flavour mesons. Indeed, scalars will continue to dominate many of the processes to be studied at forthcoming facilities like BESIII in Beijing, FAIR at GSI Darmstadt and the GlueX experiment a...

  20. Beautiful mesons from QCD spectral sum rules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Narison, S. (OPM, Univ. Montpellier 2, 34 (France))

    1991-08-01

    We discuss the beautiful meson from the point of view of the QCD spectral sum rules (QSSR). The bottom quark mass and the mixed light quark-gluon condensates are determined quite accurately. The decay constant f{sub B} is estimated and we present some arguments supporting this result. The decay constants and the masses of the other members of the beautiful meson family are predicted. (orig.).

  1. Routine administration of Anti-D: the ethical case for offering pregnant women fetal RHD genotyping and a review of policy and practice

    OpenAIRE

    Kent, Julie; Farrell, Anne-Maree; Soothill, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Background Since its introduction in the 1960s Anti-D immunoglobulin (Anti-D Ig) has been highly successful in reducing the incidence of haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) and achieving improvements to maternal and fetal health. It has protected women from other invasive interventions during pregnancy and prevented deaths and damage amongst newborns and is a technology which has been adopted worldwide. Currently about one third of pregnant women with the blood group Rhesus D (...

  2. Parton distribution amplitudes of light vector mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Gao, Fei; Liu, Yu-Xin; Roberts, Craig D; Schmidt, Sebastian M

    2014-01-01

    A rainbow-ladder truncation of QCD's Dyson-Schwinger equations is used to calculate rho- and phi-meson valence-quark (twist-two parton) distribution amplitudes (PDAs) via a light-front projection of their Bethe-Salpeter wave functions, which possess S- and D-wave components of comparable size in the meson rest frame. All computed PDAs are broad concave functions, whose dilation with respect to the asymptotic distribution is an expression of dynamical chiral symmetry breaking. The PDAs can be used to define an ordering of valence-quark light-front spatial-extent within mesons: this size is smallest within the pion and increases through the perp-polarisation to the parallel-polarisation of the vector mesons; effects associated with the breaking of SU(3)-flavour symmetry are significantly smaller than those associated with altering the polarisation of vector mesons. Notably, the predicted pointwise behaviour of the rho-meson PDAs is in quantitative agreement with that inferred recently via an analysis of diffrac...

  3. Clinical outcomes after hepatitis C infection from contaminated anti-D immune globulin. Irish Hepatology Research Group.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kenny-Walsh, E

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND AND METHODS: In February 1994, batches of anti-D immune globulin used in Ireland during 1977 and 1978 to prevent Rh isoimmunization were found to be contaminated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) from a single infected donor. In March 1994, a national screening program was initiated for all women who had received anti-D immune globulin between 1970 and 1994. Of the 62,667 women who had been screened when this study began, 704 (1.1 percent) had evidence of past or current HCV infection, and 390 of those 704 (55 percent) had positive tests for serum HCV RNA on reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction analysis. All 390 were offered a referral for clinical assessment and therapy. We evaluated 376 of these 390 women (96 percent); the other 14 were not seen at one of the designated treatment centers. RESULTS: The mean (+\\/-SD) age of the 376 women was 45+\\/-6 years at the time of screening. They had been infected with hepatitis C for about 17 years. A total of 304 women (81 percent) reported symptoms, most commonly fatigue (248 [66 percent]). Serum alanine aminotransferase concentrations were slightly elevated (40 to 99 U per liter) in 176 of 371 women (47 percent), and the concentrations were 100 U per liter or higher in 31 (8 percent). Liver biopsies showed inflammation in 356 of 363 women (98 percent); in most cases the inflammation was slight (41 percent) or moderate (52 percent). Although the biopsy samples from 186 of the 363 women (51 percent) showed evidence of fibrosis, only 7 women (2 percent) had probable or definite cirrhosis. Two of the seven reported excessive alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the women with HCV infection 17 years after receiving HCV-contaminated anti-D immune globulin had evidence of slight or moderate hepatic inflammation on liver biopsy, about half had fibrosis, and 2 percent had probable or definite cirrhosis.

  4. Relating D0-anti-D0 Mixing and D0 -> l+l- with New Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Golowich, Eugene; Hewett, JoAnne; Pakvasa, Sandip; Petrov, Alexey A.

    2009-01-01

    We point out how, in certain models, the same combination of New Physics couplings occur in the amplitudes for both D0-anti-D0 mixing and the rare decays D0 -> l+l-. If the New Physics dominates and is responsible for the observed mixing, then a very simple correlation exists between the magnitudes of each; in fact the rates for the decay D0 -> l+l- are completely fixed by the mixing. Observation of D0 -> l+l- in excess of the Standard Model prediction could identify New Physics contributions...

  5. Extensive numerical study of a D-brane, anti-D-brane system in AdS 5 /CFT 4

    OpenAIRE

    Hegedűs, Árpád(MTA Lendület Holographic QFT Group, Wigner Research Centre, H-1525, Budapest 114, P.O.B. 49, Hungary)

    2015-01-01

    In this paper the hybrid-NLIE approach of [38] is extended to the ground state of a D-brane anti-D-brane system in AdS/CFT. The hybrid-NLIE equations presented in the paper are finite component alternatives of the previously proposed TBA equations and they admit an appropriate framework for the numerical investigation of the ground state of the problem. Straightforward numerical iterative methods fail to converge, thus new numerical methods are worked out to solve the equations. Our numerical...

  6. A case of autoimmune hemolytic anemia with anti-D specificity in a one-year-old

    OpenAIRE

    Bercovitz, Rachel S.; Macy, Margaret; Ambruso, Daniel R.

    2013-01-01

    While antibodies to antigens in the Rh group are common causes of warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia, specificity for only the D-antigen is rare in autoimmune hemolysis in pediatric patients. This case reports an anti-D associated with severe hemolytic anemia (Hb = 2.1 g/dL) in a previously healthy 14-month-old who presented with a three-day history of low-grade fevers and vomiting. Because of his severe anemia, on admission to the hospital he was found to have altered mental status, metabolic ...

  7. Spectroscopy of mesonic molecules with heavy-light flavour mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Rathaud, D P

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we have calculated the mass spectra and decay properties of dimesonic (meson-antimeson) bound state in the variational scheme. The intermesonic interaction considered as the Hellmann potential and One Pion Exchange potential. The mass spectra of the $D\\bar{D^{*}}$, $D\\bar{D_{s}^{*}}$, $D_{s}\\bar{D^{*}}$, $D_{s}\\bar{D_{s}^{*}}$, $D^{*}\\bar{D^{*}}$, $D_{s}^{*}\\bar{D_{s}^{*}}$, $D\\bar{B^{*}}$, $D\\bar{B_{s}^{*}}$, $D_{s}\\bar{B^{*}}$, $D_{s}\\bar{B_{s}^{*}}$, $B^{*}\\bar{D}$,$B^{*}\\bar{D_{s}}$, $B\\bar{B^{*}}$, $B_{s}\\bar{B^{*}}$, $B_{c}\\bar{B^{*}}$, $B^{*}\\bar{B^{*}}$, $B^{*}\\bar{B_{s}^{*}}$, $B_{s}^{*}\\bar{B_{s}^{*}}$ etc.. are calculated. The states X(3872), $X_{2c}(4013)$ ,$Z_{b}(10610)/X_{b}$ and $Z_{b}(10650)/X_{b2}$ are compared with $D\\bar{D^{*}}$, $D^{*}\\bar{D^{*}}$, $B\\bar{B^{*}}$ and $B^{*}\\bar{B^{*}}$ dimesonic bound states. To probe the molecular structure of the compared states, we have calculated the decay properties sensitive to their long and short distance structure of hadorinc molecul...

  8. The production of {eta} and {omega} mesons in 3.5 GeV p+p interaction in HADES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teilab, Khaled

    2011-08-31

    The study of meson production in proton-proton collisions in the energy range up to one GeV above the production threshold provides valuable information about the nature of the nucleon-nucleon interaction. Theoretical models describe the interaction between nucleons via the exchange of mesons. In such models, different mechanisms contribute to the production of the mesons in nucleon-nucleon collisions. The measurement of total and differential production cross sections provide information which can help in determining the magnitude of the various mechanisms. Moreover, such cross section information serves as an input to the transport calculations which describe e.g. the production of e{sup +}e{sup -} pairs in proton- and pion-induced reactions as well as in heavy ion collisions. In this thesis, the production of {omega} and {eta} mesons in proton-proton collisions at 3.5 GeV beam energy was studied using the High Acceptance DiElectron Spectrometer (HADES) installed at the Schwerionensynchrotron (SIS 18) at the Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt. About 80 000 {omega} mesons and 35 000 {eta} mesons were reconstructed. Total production cross sections of both mesons were determined. Furthermore, the collected statistics allowed for extracting angular distributions of both mesons as well as performing Dalitz plot studies. The {omega} and {eta} mesons were reconstructed via their decay into three pions ({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}) in the exclusive reaction pp {yields} pp{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}. The charged particles were identified via their characteristic energy loss, via the measurement of their time of flight and momentum, or using kinematics. The neutral pion was reconstructed using the missing mass method. A kinematic fit was applied to improve the resolution and to select events in which a {pi}{sup 0} was produced. The correction of measured yields for the effects of spectrometer acceptance was done as a function of four

  9. Hidden-charmonium decays of Z{sub c} (3900) and Z{sub c} (4025) in intermediate meson loops model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Gang [Qufu Normal University, Department of Physics, Qufu (China)

    2013-11-15

    The BESIII collaboration reported an observation of two charged charmonium-like structure Z{sub c}{sup {+-}}(3900) and Z{sub c}{sup {+-}}(4025) in e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} (J/{psi}{pi}){sup {+-}} {pi}{sup -+} and e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} (D{sup *} anti D{sup *}){sup {+-}}{pi}{sup -+} at {radical}(s) =4.26 GeV recently, which could be an analogue of Z{sub b} (10610) and Z{sub b} (10650) claimed by the Belle Collaboration. In this work, we investigate the hidden-charmonium transitions of Z{sub c}{sup {+-}}(3900) and Z{sub c}{sup {+-}}(4025) via intermediate D{sup (*)}D{sup (*)} meson loops. Reasonable results for the branching ratios by taking appropriate values of {alpha} in this model can be obtained, which shows that the intermediate D{sup (*)}D{sup (*)} meson loops process may be a possible mechanism in these decays. Our results are consistent with the power-counting analysis, and comparable with the calculations in the framework of nonrelativistic effective field theory to some extent. We expect more experimental measurements on these hidden-charmonium decays and search for the decays of Z{sub c} {yields} D{sup *} anti D{sup *} + c.c. and Z{sub c}{sup '} {yields} D{sup *} anti D{sup *}, which will help us investigate the Z{sub c}{sup (')} decays deeply. (orig.)

  10. Photoproduction and Decay of Light Mesons in CLAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaryan, Moskov Jamalovich [Old Dominion University

    2013-08-01

    We present preliminary experimental results on photoproduction and decay of light mesons measured with CLAS setup at JLAB . This include Dalitz decay of pseudoscalar and vector mesons, radiative decay of pseudoscalar mesons as well hadronic decays of pseudoscalar and vector mesons. The collected high statistics in some of decay channels exceeds the world data by an order of magnitude and some other decay modes are observed for the first time. It is shown how the CLAS data will improve the world data on transition form factors of light mesons, Dalitz plot analyses, branching ratios of rare decay modes and other fundamental properties potentially accessible through the light meson decays.

  11. Quarkonium Contribution to Meson Molecules

    CERN Document Server

    Cincioglu, E; Ozpineci, A; Yilmazer, A U

    2016-01-01

    Starting from a molecular picture for the X(3872) resonance, this state and its J^{PC}=2++ HQSS partner [X2(4012)] are analyzed within a model which incorporates possible mixings with 2P charmonium states. Since it is reasonable to expect the bare chi_{c1}(2P) to be located above the D\\bar D* threshold, but relatively close to it, the presence of the charmonium state provides an effective attraction that will contribute to bind the X(3872), but it will not appear in the 2++ sector. Indeed in this latter sector, the chi_{c2}(2P) should provide an effective small repulsion, because it is placed well below the D*\\bar D* threshold. We show how the 1++ and 2++ bare charmonium poles are modified due to the D(*)\\bar D(*) loop effects, and the first one is moved to the complex plane. The meson loops produce, besides some shifts in the masses of the charmonia, a finite width for the 1++ dressed charmonium state. On the other hand, the X(3872) and X2(4012) start developing some charmonium content, which is estimated by...

  12. Oscillazioni del mesone D^0

    CERN Document Server

    Schiraldi, Vito; Morello, Michael Joseph

    In fisica delle particelle, con il termine di "oscillazione" si indica la trasformazione di una particella neutra nella sua antiparticella e viceversa, fenomeno dovuto al fatto che gli autostati di flavor non sono autostati della matrice di massa. Il Modello Standard delle interazioni fondamentali predice che l'oscillazione del mesone D^0 avvenga su tempi molto maggiori di una vita media, e appaia perciò come un effetto piccolo, inferiore al percento, in contrasto con il caso dei mesoni B^0 e B^0_s che oscillano con molta maggiore rapidità. Sperimentalmente, l'oscillazione dei mesoni D^0 è rimasta inosservata fino a tempi recenti: la prima evidenza sperimentale dell'esistenza di un effetto di oscillazione è stata ottenuta soltanto nella primavera del 2007 dagli esperimenti BaBar (SLAC, USA) e Belle (KEKB, Japan). Nell'agosto 2007 anche l’esperimento CDF (Fermilab, USA) ha presentato una evidenza simile, basata sull'analisi di una parte del campione di dati disponibile. La tesi descrive gli aspetti speri...

  13. Meson spectroscopy in the light quark sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Understanding the hadron spectrum is one of the fundamental issues in modern particle physics. We know that existing hadron configurations include baryons, made of three quarks, and mesons, made of quark-antiquark pairs. However most of the mass of the hadrons is not due to the mass of these elementary constituents but to their binding force. Studying the hadron spectrum is therefore a tool to understand one of the fundamental forces in nature, the strong force, and Quantum Chromo Dynamics (QCD), the theory that describes it. This investigation can provide an answer to fundamental questions as what is the origin of the mass of hadrons, what is the origin of quark confinement, what are the relevant degrees of freedom to describe these complex systems and how the transition between the elementary constituents, quarks and gluons, and baryons and mesons occurs. In this field a key tool is given by meson spectroscopy. Mesons, being made by a quark and an anti-quark, are the simplest quark bound system and therefore the ideal benchmark to study the interaction between quarks and understand what the role of gluons is. In this investigation, it is fundamental to precisely determine the spectrum and properties of mesons but also to search for possible unconventional states beyond the qq-bar configuration as tetra-quarks (qq q-bar q-bar), hybrids (qq-bar g) and glueballs. These states can be distinguished unambiguously from regular mesons when they have exotic quantum numbers, i.e. combinations of total angular momentum, spin and parity that are not allowed for qq-bar states. These are called exotic quantum numbers and the corresponding states are referred to as exotics. The study of the meson spectrum and the search for exotics is among the goals of several experiments in the world that exploit different reaction processes, as e+e- annihilation, pp-bar annihilation, pion scattering, proton-proton scattering and photo-production, to produce meson states. This intense effort

  14. CP violation and flavor SU(3) breaking in D-meson decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We carry out a systematic flavor SU(3) analysis of D-meson decays including the leading order symmetry breaking effects. We find that SU(3) breaking can easily account for the recent LHCb measurement of the difference in CP asymmetries in the decays of D0 into K+K- and π+π- mesons, once an enhancement mechanism, similar to the Δ=1/2 rule in neutral kaon decays is assumed. As a byproduct of the analysis, one can make predictions regarding the individual asymmetries in K+K-, π+π-, as well as the D0→π0π0 decay channels. Moreover, we find that the asymmetry in the decay D+→π+π0 vanishes in the leading approximation.

  15. The electromagnetic properties of the light pseudoscalar mesons via the Primakoff effect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The PrimEx (Primakoff Experiment) Collaboration is currently preparing to perform a high precision (1.4%) measurement of the two photon decay width of the neutral pion, Γπo→ γγ. The proposed 12 GeV upgrade of the CEBAF accelerator will enable a significant enlarging of the scope of these studies to include measurements of the two photon decay widths of the η and η' mesons, as well as of the transition form factors of all the light pseudoscalar mesons (πo, η, η'). These precision measurements would have a significant impact on the experimental determination of the ratios of the light quark masses (mu, md, ms), and on our understanding of some fundamental issues in QCD. (author)

  16. Bottom-strange mesons in hyperonic matter

    CERN Document Server

    Pathak, Divakar

    2014-01-01

    The in-medium behavior of bottom-strange pseudoscalar mesons in hot, isospin asymmetric and dense hadronic environment is studied using a chiral effective model. The same was recently generalized to the heavy quark sector and employed to study the behavior of open-charm and open-bottom mesons. The heavy quark (anti-quark) is treated as frozen and all medium modifications of these bottom-strange mesons are due to their strange anti-quark (quark) content. We observe a pronounced dependence of their medium mass on baryonic density and strangeness content of the medium. Certain aspects of these in-medium interactions are similar to those observed for the strange-charmed mesons in a preceding investigation, such as the lifting of mass-degeneracy of $B_S^0$ and ${\\bar B}_S^0$ mesons in hyperonic matter, while the same is respected in vacuum as well as in nuclear matter. In general, however, there is a remarkable distinction between the two species, even though the formalism predicts a completely analogous in-medium...

  17. Light Vector Mesons in the Nuclear Medium

    CERN Document Server

    Wood, M H; Weygand, D P; Djalali, C; Tur, C; Mosel, U; Mühlich, P; Adams, G; Amaryan, M J; Ambrozewicz, P; Anghinolfi, M; Asryan, G; Avakian, H; Bagdasaryan, H; Baillie, N; Ball, J P; Baltzell, N A; Barrow, S; Battaglieri, M; Bedlinskiy, I; Bektasoglu, M; Bellis, M; Benmouna, N; Berman, B L; Biselli, A S; Blaszczyk, L; Bouchigny, S; Boiarinov, S; Bradford, R; Branford, D; Briscoe, W J; Brooks, W K; Burkert, V D; Butuceanu, C; Calarco, J R; Careccia, S L; Carman, D S; Carnahan, B; Casey, L; Chen, S; Cheng, L; Cole, P L; Collins, P; Coltharp, P; Crabb, D; Crannell, H; Credé, V; Cummings, J P; Dashyan, N; De Vita, R; De Sanctis, E; Degtyarenko, P V; Denizli, H; Dennis, L; Deur, A; Dharmawardane, K V; Dickson, R; Dodge, G E; Doughty, D; Dugger, M; Dytman, S; Dzyubak, O P; Egiyan, H; Egiyan, K S; El Fassi, L; Elouadrhiri, L; Eugenio, P; Fedotov, G; Feldman, G; Feuerbach, R J; Fradi, A; Funsten, H; Garçon, M; Gavalian, G; Gilfoyle, G P; Giovanetti, K L; Girod, F X; Goetz, J T; Gordon, C I O; Gothe, R W; Griffioen, K A; Guidal, M; Guler, N; Guo, L; Gyurjyan, V; Hadjidakis, C; Hafidi, K; Hakobyan, H; Hakobyan, R S; Hanretty, C; Hardie, J; Hassall, N; Hersman, F W; Hicks, K; Hleiqawi, I; Holtrop, M; Hyde-Wright, C E; Ilieva, Y; Ireland, D G; Ishkhanov, B S; Isupov, E L; Ito, M M; Jenkins, D; Jo, H S; Johnstone, J R; Joo, K; Jüngst, H G; Kalantarians, N; Kellie, J D; Khandaker, M; Khetarpal, P; Kim, W; Klein, A; Klein, F J; Klimenko, A V; Kossov, M; Krahn, Z; Kramer, L H; Kubarovski, V; Kühn, J; Kuhn, S E; Kuleshov, S V; Lachniet, J; Laget, J M; Langheinrich, J; Lawrence, D; Ji, Li; Livingston, K; Lu, H Y; MacCormick, M; Markov, N; Mattione, P; McAleer, S; McKinnon, B; McNabb, J W C; Mecking, B A; Mehrabyan, S; Melone, J J; Mestayer, M D; Meyer, C A; Mibe, T; Mikhailov, K; Minehart, R; Mirazita, M; Miskimen, R; Mokeev, V; Moriya, K; Morrow, S A; Moteabbed, M; Müller, J; Munevar, E; Mutchler, G S; Nadel-Turonski, P; Niccolai, S; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; Niczyporuk, B B; Niroula, M R; Niyazov, R A; Nozar, M; Osipenko, M; Ostrovidov, A I; Park, K; Pasyuk, E; Paterson, C; Anefalos Pereira, S; Pierce, J; Pivnyuk, N; Pocanic, D; Pogorelko, O; Pozdniakov, S; Preedom, B M; Price, J W; Prok, Y; Protopopescu, D; Raue, B A; Riccardi, G; Ricco, G; Ripani, M; Ritchie, B G; Ronchetti, F; Rosner, G; Rossi, P; Sabati, F; Salamanca, J; Salgado, C; Santoro, J P; Sapunenko, V; Schumacher, R A; Serov, V S; Sharabyan, Yu G; Sharov, D; Shvedunov, N V; Smith, E S; Smith, L C; Sober, D I; Sokhan, D; Stavinsky, A; Stepanyan, S; Stepanyan, S S; Stokes, B E; Stoler, P; Strakovsky, I I; Strauch, S; Taiuti, M; Tedeschi, D J; Tkabladze, A; Tkachenko, S; Todor, L; Ungaro, M; Vineyard, M F; Vlassov, A V; Watts, D P; Weinstein, L B; Williams, M; Wolin, E; Yegneswaran, A; Zana, L; Zhang, B; Zhang, J; Zhao, B; Zhao, Z W

    2008-01-01

    The light vector mesons ($\\rho$, $\\omega$, and $\\phi$) were produced in deuterium, carbon, titanium, and iron targets in a search for possible in-medium modifications to the properties of the $\\rho$ meson at normal nuclear densities and zero temperature. The vector mesons were detected with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) via their decays to $e^{+}e^{-}$. The rare leptonic decay was chosen to reduce final-state interactions. A combinatorial background was subtracted from the invariant mass spectra using a well-established event-mixing technique. The $\\rho$ meson mass spectrum was extracted after the $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ signals were removed in a nearly model-independent way. Comparisons were made between the $\\rho$ mass spectra from the heavy targets ($A > 2$) with the mass spectrum extracted from the deuterium target. With respect to the $\\rho$-meson mass, we obtain a small shift compatible with zero. Also, we measure widths consistent with standard nuclear many-body effects such as collisional...

  18. Rare meson decays into very light neutralinos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dreiner, H.K.; Grab, S. [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics und Physikalisches Inst.; Koschade, D. [RWTH Aachen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; London Univ. (United Kingdom). Centre for Reserach in String Theory; Kraemer, M.; O' Leary, B. [RWTH Aachen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Langenfeld, U. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany)

    2009-05-15

    We investigate the bounds on the mass of the lightest neutralino from rare meson decays within the MSSM with and without minimal flavor violation. We present explicit formulae for the two-body decays of mesons into light neutralinos and perform the first complete calculation of the loop-induced decays of kaons to pions and light neutralinos and B mesons to kaons and light neutralinos. We find that the supersymmetric branching ratios are strongly suppressed within the MSSM with minimal flavor violation, and that no bounds on the neutralino mass can be inferred from experimental data, i.e. a massless neutralino is allowed. The branching ratios for kaon and B meson decays into light neutralinos may, however, be enhanced when one allows for non-minimal flavor violation. We find new constraints on the MSSM parameter space for such scenarios and discuss prospects for future kaon and B meson experiments. Finally, we comment on the search for light neutralinos in monojet signatures at the Tevatron and at the LHC. (orig.)

  19. Rare meson decays into very light neutralinos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigate the bounds on the mass of the lightest neutralino from rare meson decays within the MSSM with and without minimal flavor violation. We present explicit formulae for the two-body decays of mesons into light neutralinos and perform the first complete calculation of the loop-induced decays of kaons to pions and light neutralinos and B mesons to kaons and light neutralinos. We find that the supersymmetric branching ratios are strongly suppressed within the MSSM with minimal flavor violation, and that no bounds on the neutralino mass can be inferred from experimental data, i.e. a massless neutralino is allowed. The branching ratios for kaon and B meson decays into light neutralinos may, however, be enhanced when one allows for non-minimal flavor violation. We find new constraints on the MSSM parameter space for such scenarios and discuss prospects for future kaon and B meson experiments. Finally, we comment on the search for light neutralinos in monojet signatures at the Tevatron and at the LHC. (orig.)

  20. B meson decays to charmless meson pairs containing η or η' mesons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I. L.; Tackmann, K.; Tanabe, T.; Hawkes, C. M.; Soni, N.; Watson, A. T.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Asgeirsson, D. J.; Fulsom, B. G.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Barrett, M.; Khan, A.; Randle-Conde, A.; Blinov, V. E.; Bukin, A. D.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Bondioli, M.; Curry, S.; Eschrich, I.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Lund, P.; Mandelkern, M.; Martin, E. C.; Stoker, D. P.; Atmacan, H.; Gary, J. W.; Liu, F.; Long, O.; Vitug, G. M.; Yasin, Z.; Sharma, V.; Campagnari, C.; Hong, T. M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Mazur, M. A.; Richman, J. D.; Beck, T. W.; Eisner, A. M.; Heusch, C. A.; Kroseberg, J.; Lockman, W. S.; Martinez, A. J.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Wang, L.; Winstrom, L. O.; Cheng, C. H.; Doll, D. A.; Echenard, B.; Fang, F.; Hitlin, D. G.; Narsky, I.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Piatenko, T.; Porter, F. C.; Andreassen, R.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Mishra, K.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Bloom, P. C.; Ford, W. T.; Gaz, A.; Hirschauer, J. F.; Nagel, M.; Nauenberg, U.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W. H.; Wilson, R. J.; Feltresi, E.; Hauke, A.; Jasper, H.; Karbach, T. M.; Merkel, J.; Petzold, A.; Spaan, B.; Wacker, K.; Kobel, M. J.; Nogowski, R.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Bernard, D.; Latour, E.; Verderi, M.; Clark, P. J.; Playfer, S.; Watson, J. E.; Andreotti, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cecchi, A.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Franchini, P.; Luppi, E.; Munerato, M.; Negrini, M.; Petrella, A.; Piemontese, L.; Santoro, V.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Pacetti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rama, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Guido, E.; Lo Vetere, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Tosi, S.; Chaisanguanthum, K. S.; Morii, M.; Adametz, A.; Marks, J.; Schenk, S.; Uwer, U.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Klose, V.; Lacker, H. M.; Lueck, T.; Volk, A.; Bard, D. J.; Dauncey, P. D.; Tibbetts, M.; Behera, P. K.; Charles, M. J.; Mallik, U.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Dong, L.; Eyges, V.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Rubin, A. E.; Gao, Y. Y.; Gritsan, A. V.; Guo, Z. J.; Arnaud, N.; Béquilleux, J.; D'Orazio, A.; Davier, M.; Derkach, D.; da Costa, J. Firmino; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lepeltier, V.; Lutz, A. M.; Malaescu, B.; Pruvot, S.; Roudeau, P.; Schune, M. H.; Serrano, J.; Sordini, V.; Stocchi, A.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Bingham, I.; Burke, J. P.; Chavez, C. A.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Clarke, C. K.; di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Sigamani, M.; Cowan, G.; Paramesvaran, S.; Wren, A. C.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Hafner, A.; Alwyn, K. E.; Bailey, D.; Barlow, R. J.; Jackson, G.; Lafferty, G. D.; West, T. J.; Yi, J. I.; Anderson, J.; Chen, C.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Simi, G.; Tuggle, J. M.; Dallapiccola, C.; Salvati, E.; Cowan, R.; Dujmic, D.; Fisher, P. H.; Henderson, S. W.; Sciolla, G.; Spitznagel, M.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Zhao, M.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Schram, M.; Biassoni, P.; Lazzaro, A.; Lombardo, V.; Palombo, F.; Stracka, S.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Kroeger, R.; Sonnek, P.; Summers, D. J.; Zhao, H. W.; Simard, M.; Taras, P.; Nicholson, H.; de Nardo, G.; Lista, L.; Monorchio, D.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Snoek, H. L.; Jessop, C. P.; Knoepfel, K. J.; Losecco, J. M.; Wang, W. F.; Corwin, L. A.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Morris, J. P.; Rahimi, A. M.; Sekula, S. J.; Wong, Q. K.; Blount, N. L.; Brau, J.; Frey, R.; Igonkina, O.; Kolb, J. A.; Lu, M.; Rahmat, R.; Sinev, N. B.; Strom, D.; Strube, J.; Torrence, E.; Castelli, G.; Gagliardi, N.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Voci, C.; Del Amo Sanchez, P.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Briand, H.; Chauveau, J.; Hamon, O.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Perez, A.; Prendki, J.; Sitt, S.; Gladney, L.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Calderini, G.; Carpinelli, M.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Morganti, M.; Neri, N.; Paoloni, E.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Lu, C.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Telnov, A. V.; Anulli, F.; Baracchini, E.; Cavoto, G.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Jackson, P. D.; Li Gioi, L.; Mazzoni, M. A.

    2009-12-01

    We present updated measurements of the branching fractions for B0 meson decays to ηK0, ηη, ηϕ, ηω, η'K0, η'η', η'ϕ, and η'ω, and branching fractions and CP-violating charge asymmetries for B+ decays to ηπ+, ηK+, η'π+, and η'K+. The data represent the full data set of 467×106 BB¯ pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Besides large signals for the four charged B decay modes and for B0→η'K0, we find evidence for three B0 decay modes at greater than 3.0σ significance. We find B(B0→ηK0)=(1.15-0.38+0.43±0.09)×10-6, B(B0→ηω)=(0.94-0.30+0.35±0.09)×10-6, and B(B0→η'ω)=(1.01-0.38+0.46±0.09)×10-6, where the first (second) uncertainty is statistical (systematic). For the B+→ηK+ decay mode, we measure the charge asymmetry Ach(B+→ηK+)=-0.36±0.11±0.03.

  1. Review of meson spectroscopy: quark states and glueballs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A group of three lectures on hadron spectroscopy are presented. Topics covered include: light L = 0 mesons, light L = 1 mesons, antiquark antiquark quark quark exotics, a catalogue of higher quark antiquark excitations, heavy quarkonium, and glueballs

  2. Mixing and CP Violation in Charm Meson Decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meadows, B; /Cincinnati U.

    2010-08-26

    Mixing and CP violation (CPV ) in the neutral D system were first discussed over thirty years ago but mixing was observed for the first time only very recently. Since then, these observations have been confirmed in other experiments and in other D{sup 0} decay modes. Unlike the K, B and B{sub s} systems, for which mixing was observed years earlier, the short distance ({Delta}C = 2) amplitude contributing to mixing in the D system arises from box diagrams with down- rather than up-type quarks in the loops. The d and s components are GIM-suppressed, and the b component is suppressed by the small V{sub ub} CKM coupling. In the standard model (SM), therefore, long range, non-perturbative effects, a coherent sum over intermediate states accessible to both D{sup 0} and {bar D}{sup 0}, are the main contribution to mixing. These are hard to compute reliably, however. The phenomenon of mixing in neutral meson systems has now been observed in all flavours, but only in the past year in the D{sup 0} system. The standard model anticipated that, for the charm sector, the mixing rate would be small, and also that CP violation, either in mixing or in direct decay, would be below the present levels of observability. It is hoped that further study of these phenomena might reveal signs of new physics. A review of recently available, experimental results is given.

  3. Measurements of observables in the pion-nucleon system, nuclear a- dependence of heavy quark production and rare decays of D and B mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sadler, M.E.; Isenhower, L.D.

    1992-02-15

    This report discusses research on the following topics: pion-nucleon interactions; detector tomography facility; nuclear dependence of charm and beauty quark production and a study of two-prong decays of neutral D and B mesons; N* collaboration at CEBAF; and pilac experiments. (LSP)

  4. Measurements of observables in the pion-nucleon system, nuclear a- dependence of heavy quark production and rare decays of D and B mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report discusses research on the following topics: pion-nucleon interactions; detector tomography facility; nuclear dependence of charm and beauty quark production and a study of two-prong decays of neutral D and B mesons; N* collaboration at CEBAF; and pilac experiments

  5. MesonNet 2014 International Workshop. Mini-proceedings

    CERN Document Server

    Adlarson, P; Bijnens, J; Balkeståhl, L Caldeira; Cao, B; Colangelo, G; Curciarello, F; De Leo, V; Demmich, K; Eichmann, G; Eidelman, S; Fang, S; Redmer, C F; Fritzsch, C; Gajos, A; Giovannella, S; Gonzàlez-Solís, S; Goudzovski, E; Heijkenskjöld, L; Hoferichter, M; Husek, T; Hüsken, N; Andersson, W I; Kadavý, T; Kamińska, D; Kampf, K; Knecht, M; Kolesár, M; Krusche, B; Kubis, B; Kupsc, A; Mascolo, M; Masjuan, P; Novotný, J; Procura, M; Ramstein, B; Sanchez-Puertas, P; Sarantsev, A; Schott, D; Somov, A; Spieker, K; Stoffer, P; Tulin, S; Wilson, A; Wirzba, A; Żurek, M

    2014-01-01

    The MesonNet International Workshop was held in the Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati from September the 29th to October the 1st, 2014, being the concluding meeting of the MesonNet research network within EU HadronPhysics3 project. MesonNet is a research network focused on light meson physics gathering experimentalist and theoreticians from Europe and abroad. An overview of the research projects related to the scope of the network is presented in these mini-proceedings.

  6. Massive mesons in Weyl-Dirac theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabotalebi, S.; Ahmadi, F.; Salehi, H.

    2008-01-01

    In order to study the mass generation of the vector fields in the framework of a conformal invariant gravitational model, the Weyl-Dirac theory is considered. The mass of the Weyl’s meson fields plays a principal role in this theory, it connects basically the conformal and gauge symmetries. We estimate this mass by using the large-scale characteristics of the observed universe. To do this we firstly specify a preferred conformal frame as a cosmological frame, then in this frame, we introduce an exact possible solution of the theory. We also study the dynamical effect of the massive vector meson fields on the trajectories of an elementary particle. We show that a local change of the cosmological frame leads to a Hamilton-Jacobi equation describing a particle with an adjustable mass. The dynamical effect of the massive vector meson field presents itself in the form of a correction term for the mass of the particle.

  7. Two, three, many body systems involving mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Oset, E; Khemchandani, K P; Roca, L; Yamagata, J

    2011-01-01

    In this talk we show recent developments on few body systems involving mesons. We report on an approach to Faddeev equations using chiral unitary dynamics, where an explicit cancellation of the two body off shell amplitude with three body forces stemming from the same chiral Lagrangians takes place. This removal of the unphysical off shell part of the amplitudes is most welcome and renders the approach unambiguous, showing that only on shell two body amplitudes need to be used. Within this approach, systems of two mesons and one baryon are studied, reproducing properties of the low lying $1/2^+$ states. On the other hand we also report on multirho and $K^*$ multirho states which can be associated to known meson resonances of high spin.

  8. δ Meson Effects on Asymmetric Nuclear Matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, B.; di Toro, M.; Greco, V.

    The impact of a δ meson field (the scalar-isovector channel) on asymmetric nuclear matter is studied within relativistic mean-field (RMF) models with both constant and density dependent (DD) nucleon-meson couplings. The Equation of State (EOS) for asymmetric nuclear matter and the neutron star properties by the different models are compared. We find that the δ-field in the constant coupling scheme leads to a larger repulsion in dense neutron-rich matter and to a definite splitting of proton and neutron effective masses, finally influencing the stability of the neutron stars. A broader analysis of possible δ-field effects is achieved considering also density dependent nucleon-meson coupling. A remarkable effect on the relation between mass and radius for the neutron stars is seen, showing a significant reduction of the radius along with a moderate mass reduction due to the increase of the effective δ coupling in high density regions.

  9. Thermal Fluctuation and Meson Melting: Holographic Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Ali-Akbari, M; Vahedi, A

    2014-01-01

    We use gauge/gravity duality to investigate the effect of thermal fluctuations on the dissociation of the quarkonium meson in strongly coupled $(3+1)$-dimensional gauge theories. This is done by studying the instability and probable first order phase transition of a probe D7-brane in the dual gravity theory. We explicitly show that for the Minkowski embeddings with their tips close to the horizon in the background, the long wavelength thermal fluctuations lead to an imaginary term in their action signaling an instability in the system. Due to this instability, a phase transition is expected. On the gauge theory side, it indicates that the quarkonium mesons are not stable and dissociate in the plasma. Identifying the imaginary part of the probe barne action with the thermal width of the mesons, we observe that the thermal width increases as one decreases the mass of the quarks. Also keeping the mass fixed, thermal width increases by temperature as expected.

  10. Exclusive vector meson production at HERMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Movsisyan Aram

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Exclusive electroproduction of vector mesons has been measured on hydrogen and deuterium targets at HERMES using the 27.6 GeV electron/positron beam of HERA. From this process, more information can be obtained about generalized parton distributions (GPDs, which provide a unified description of the structure of hadrons embedding longitudinal-momentum distributions (ordinary PDFs and transverse-position information (form factors. The study of the azimuthal distribution of the decay products via spin-density matrix elements provide constraints on helicity-amplitudes used to describe exclusive vector-meson production. Recent results from the HERMES experiment on the production of rho, omega and phi mesons will be presented.

  11. Exclusive vector meson production at HERMES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Movsisyan, Aram

    2014-06-01

    Exclusive electroproduction of vector mesons has been measured on hydrogen and deuterium targets at HERMES using the 27.6 GeV electron/positron beam of HERA. From this process, more information can be obtained about generalized parton distributions (GPDs), which provide a unified description of the structure of hadrons embedding longitudinal-momentum distributions (ordinary PDFs) and transverse-position information (form factors). The study of the azimuthal distribution of the decay products via spin-density matrix elements provide constraints on helicity-amplitudes used to describe exclusive vector-meson production. Recent results from the HERMES experiment on the production of rho, omega and phi mesons will be presented.

  12. Mesons beyond the naive quark model

    CERN Document Server

    Amsler, C

    2004-01-01

    We discuss theoretical predictions for the existence of exotic (non-quark-model) mesons and review prominent experimental candidates. These are especially the f0(1500) and f0(1710) mesons for the scalar glueball, fJ(2220) for the tensor glueball, η(1410) for the pseudoscalar glueball, f0(600), f0(980), a0(980), the still to be firmly established κ(800) and the f2(1565) for or two-meson states, and π1(1400), π1(1600) for hybrid states. We conclude that some of these states exist, offer our views and discuss crucial issues that need to be investigated both theoretically and experimentally.

  13. Weak decays of K and π mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Through a special interplay of strong and weak interactions, small but significant pieces with a ''wrong'' flavor could be introduced into wave functions of mesons. Thus, e.g., not only a (u bar s) pair, but also a (u bar d) pair can be found with some probability within K+, etc. The possible importance of such ''anomalous'' terms in understanding of K-meson decays is discussed in a new scheme. The scheme is characterized by diagrammatic calculations of full amplitudes in the long-distance environment. Two classes of models which correctly reproduce the main K-meson branching ratios and the ΔI=1/2 rule are constructed. The predictive power of the scheme is then tested in a decay of a kaon into a pion and a light hyperphoton

  14. Soft-gluon effects in nonleptonic decays of charmed mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shizuya, Ken-ichi [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1981-03-19

    In this paper, soft-gluon effects in nonleptonic decays of D and F mesons are studied nonperturbatively by use of a QCD multipole expansion. Finally, for reasonable values of D-meson bound-state parameters, the soft-gluon effects lead to a significant difference in the lifetimes of the D0 and D+ mesons.

  15. eta' meson production in proton-proton collisions

    OpenAIRE

    K Nakayama; Arellano, H. F.; Durso, J.W.; Speth, J.(Institut für Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, D-52425, Germany)

    1999-01-01

    The pp -> pp eta' reaction is investigated within a relativistic meson-exchange model of hadronic interactions. We explore the role of nucleonic and mesonic, as well as the N* resonance currents, in producing eta' mesons. In order to learn more about the production mechanisms, new measurements in the energy region far from the threshold are required.

  16. Valence and sea quark mixing in meson states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangZi-Xing; SongHong-Qiu; 等

    1997-01-01

    A meson model with qq and (qq)2 mixing has been developed.The 0- meson state has been studied within this model space.Considerable qq and (qq)2 mixing has been found.The first excited state is in the energy range-1.5GeV,This state may be relevant to the new discovered exotic meson states.

  17. Scalar mesons in a linear sigma model with (axial-)vector mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Parganlija, D; Wolf, Gy; Giacosa, F; Rischke, D H

    2012-01-01

    The structure of the scalar mesons has been a subject of debate for many decades. In this work we look for $\\bar{q}q$ states among the physical resonances using an extended Linear Sigma Model that contains scalar, pseudoscalar, vector, and axial-vector mesons both in the non-strange and strange sectors. We perform global fits of meson masses, decay widths and amplitudes in order to ascertain whether the scalar $\\bar{q}q$ states are below or above 1 GeV. We find the scalar states above 1 GeV to be preferred as $\\bar{q}q$ states.

  18. Diffractive vector meson leptoproduction and spin effects

    CERN Document Server

    Goloskokov, S V

    2006-01-01

    We analyse spin effects in diffractive vector meson leptoproduction at small $x$ on the basis of the generalized parton distribution (GPD) approach. We take into account quark transverse degrees of freedom in the hard subprocess. We calculate amplitudes for the longitudinally and transversely polarized photons and vector mesons. Our results on the cross section and spin density matrix elements (SDME) are in fair agreement with the DESY experiments. Predictions for HERMES and COMPASS energy range are made. The predicted double spin longitudinal $A_{LL}$ asymmetry is not small at HERMES energies

  19. Mass shift of -meson in nuclear matter

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J R Morones-Ibarra; Mónica Menchaca Maciel; Ayax Santos-Guevara; Felipe Robledo Padilla

    2013-03-01

    The propagation of -meson in nuclear matter is studied in the Walecka model, by assuming that the sigma couples to a pair of nucleon–antinucleon states and to particle–hole states. The in-medium effect of - mixing is also studied. For completeness, the coupling of sigma to two virtual pions was also considered. It is found that the -meson mass decreases with respect to its value in vacuum and that the contribution of the - mixing effect on the mass shift is relatively small.

  20. Turbulent meson condensation in quark deconfinement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koji Hashimoto

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In a QCD-like strongly coupled gauge theory at large Nc, using the AdS/CFT correspondence, we find that heavy quark deconfinement is accompanied by a coherent condensation of higher meson resonances. This is revealed in non-equilibrium deconfinement transitions triggered by static, as well as quenched electric fields even below the Schwinger limit. There, we observe a “turbulent” energy flow to higher meson modes, which finally results in the quark deconfinement. Our observation is consistent with seeing deconfinement as a condensation of long QCD strings.

  1. Light $O^{++}$ Mesons: Scalargators in Florida

    CERN Document Server

    Pennington, M R

    2010-01-01

    Light scalar mesons abound in hadron processes, like the alligators in the Florida Everglades. Moreover, scalars are intimately tied to the vacuum structure of QCD. They are the product of many decays. Consequently, a rich source of recent information about them has come from experiments producing heavy flavour mesons. Indeed, scalars will continue to dominate many of the processes to be studied at forthcoming facilities like BESIII in Beijing, FAIR at GSI Darmstadt and the GlueX experiment at JLab, making an understanding (or at least an excellent and theoretically consistent description) essential for the physics missions of these facilities.

  2. Light O++ Mesons: Scalargators in Florida

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Light scalar mesons abound in hadron processes, like the alligators in the Florida Everglades. Moreover, scalars are intimately tied to the vacuum structure of QCD. They are the product of many decays. Consequently, a rich source of recent information about them has come from experiments producing heavy flavour mesons. Indeed, scalars will continue to dominate many of the processes to be studied at forthcoming facilities like BESIII in Beijing, FAIR at GSI Darmstadt and the GlueX experiment at JLab, making an understanding (or at least an excellent and theoretically consistent description) essential for the physics missions of these facilities.

  3. $B$ and $B_s$ Meson Spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Godfrey, S; Swanson, E S

    2016-01-01

    Properties of bottom and bottom-strange mesons are computed in two relativized quark models. Model masses and wavefunctions are used to predict radiative transition rates and the $^3P_0$ quark pair creation model is used to compute strong decay widths. A comparison to recently observed bottom and bottom-strange states is made. We find that there are numerous excited $B$ and $B_s$ mesons that have relatively narrow widths and significant branching ratios to simple final states such as $B\\pi$, $B^*\\pi$, $BK$, and $B^*K$ that could be observed in the near future.

  4. Pseudoscalar meson physics with four dynamical quarks

    CERN Document Server

    Bazavov, A; Bouchard, C; DeTar, C; Du, D; El-Khadra, A X; Foley, J; Freeland, E D; Gamiz, E; Gottlieb, Steven; Heller, U M; Hetrick, J E; Kim, J; Kronfeld, A S; Laiho, J; Levkova, L; Lightman, M; Mackenzie, P B; Neil, E T; Oktay, M; Simone, J N; Sugar, R L; Toussaint, D; Van de Water, R S; Zhou, R

    2012-01-01

    We present preliminary results for light, strange and charmed pseudoscalar meson physics from simulations using four flavors of dynamical quarks with the highly improved staggered quark (HISQ) action. These simulations include lattice spacings ranging from 0.15 to 0.06 fm, and sea-quark masses both above and at their physical value. The major results are charm meson decay constants f_D, f_{D_s} and f_{D_s}/f_D and ratios of quark masses. This talk will focus on our procedures for finding the decay constants on each ensemble, the continuum extrapolation, and estimates of systematic error.

  5. Soft-wall modelling of meson spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Afonin, S S

    2016-01-01

    The holographic methods inspired by the gauge/gravity correspondence from string theory have been actively applied to the hadron spectroscopy in the last eleven years. Within the phenomenological bottom-up approach, the linear Regge-like trajectories for light mesons are naturally reproduced in the so-called "Soft-wall" holographic models. I will give a very short review of the underlying ideas and technical aspects related to the meson spectroscopy. A generalization of soft-wall description of Regge trajectories to arbitrary intercept is proposed. The problem of incorporation of the chiral symmetry breaking is discussed.

  6. Search for D0--anti-D0 mixing in the decays D0 --> K+ pi- pi+ pi-

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Bóna, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Hart, A J; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, Y K; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zheng, Y; Kim, H; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Gladney, L; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H; al, et

    2006-01-01

    We present a search for D0--anti-D0 mixing in the decays D0 --> K+ pi- pi+ pi- using 230.4 fb-1 of data collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II e+ e- collider at SLAC. Assuming CP conservation, we measure the time-integrated mixing rate R_M = (0.019 +0.016/-0.015(stat.) +/- 0.002(syst.))%, and R_M K+ pi- pi0, we find R_M = (0.020 +0.011/-0.010)%, where the uncertainty is statistical only. We determine the upper limit R_M < 0.042% at the 95% confidence level, and we find the combined data are consistent with the no-mixing hypothesis at the 2.1% confidence level.

  7. Study of Branching Ratio And Polarization Fraction in Neutral B Meson Decays to Negative Rho Meson Positive Kaon Resonance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Baosen; /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2006-03-07

    We present the preliminary results on the search for B{sup 0} {yields} {rho}{sup -}K*{sup +}. The data sample comprises 122.7 million B{bar B} pairs in the e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation through the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance collected during 1999-2003 with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy collider at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). We obtain an upper limit of the branching ratio at 90% confidence level as {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {rho}{sup -}K*{sup +}) < 17.2 x 10{sup -6}. The fitted result on the polarization fraction shows no evidence that the decay is longitudinally dominated as predicted by various theoretical models.

  8. Measurement of D*{sup {+-}} meson production in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bachynska, Olena

    2012-12-15

    Measurements of charm production in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA at a centre-of-mass energy of 318 GeV are reported in this thesis. The analysis was performed using the data collected with the ZEUS detector during the years 2004 to 2007, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 363 pb{sup -1}. The production of charm quarks was studied through the full kinematic reconstruction of D*{sup {+-}} mesons in the decay channel D*{sup {+-}} {yields} D{sup 0}/ anti D{sup 0}{pi}{sup {+-}}. The studies have been performed for virtualities of the exchanged photon of 5 < Q{sup 2} < 1000 GeV{sup 2} and inelasticities of 0.02 < y < 0.7. The visible D*{sup {+-}} kinematic phase space is defined by the transverse momentum range, 1.5 < p{sub T}{sup D*{sup {+-}}} < 20 GeV, and by the pseudorapidity region, vertical stroke {eta}{sup D*{sup {+-}}} vertical stroke < 1.5, of the produced D*{sup {+-}} mesons. The total visible cross section for D*{sup {+-}} production as well as single-and double-differential cross sections were measured and compared to the corresponding D*{sup {+-}} measurements performed by the H1 collaboration in the same phase-space region. The measurements are well described by NLO QCD predictions. The double-differential cross sections were exploited to extract the charm contribution to the proton structure function, F{sub 2}{sup c} {sup anti} {sup c}, expressed in terms of the reduced charm-production cross sections, {sigma}{sub red}{sup c} {sup anti} {sup c}, and compared to the predictions from HERAPDF1.5 and to the recent measurements from the H1 and ZEUS collaborations.

  9. Issues in light meson spectroscopy: The case for meson spectroscopy at CEBAF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godfrey, S. [Carleton Univ., Ottawa (Canada)

    1994-04-01

    The author reviews some outstanding issues in meson spectroscopy. The most important qualitative issue is whether hadrons with explicit gluonic degrees of freedom exist. To answer this question requires a much better understanding of conventional q{bar q} mesons. The author therefore begins by examining the status of conventional meson spectroscopy and how the situation can be improved. The expected properties of gluonic excitations are discussed with particular emphasis on hybrids to give guidance to experimental searches. Multiquark systems are commented upon as they are likely to be important in the mass region under study and will have to be understood better. In the final section the author discusses the opportunities that CEBAF can offer for the study of meson spectroscopy.

  10. Two, three, many body systems involving mesons. Multimeson condensates

    CERN Document Server

    Oset, E; Dote, A; Hyodo, T; Khemchandani, P K; Liang, W H; Torres, A Martinez; Oka, M; Roca, L; Uchino, T; Xiao, C W

    2015-01-01

    In this talk we review results from studies with unconventional many hadron systems containing mesons: systems with two mesons and one baryon, three mesons, some novel systems with two baryons and one meson, and finally systems with many vector mesons, up to six, with their spins aligned forming states of increasing spin. We show that in many cases one has experimental counterparts for the states found, while in some other cases they remain as predictions, which we suggest to be searched in BESIII, Belle, LHCb, FAIR and other facilities.

  11. Determining {gamma} with B decays into a scalar/tensor meson

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Wei

    2011-10-15

    We propose a new way for determining the CP violation angle {gamma}. The suggested method is to use the two triangles formed by the decay amplitudes of B{sup {+-}}{yields}(D{sup 0}, anti D{sup 0},D{sup 0}{sub CP})K{sup *{+-}}{sub 0(2)}(1430). The advantages are that large CP asymmetries are expected in these processes and only singly Cabibbo-suppressed D decay modes are involved. Measurements of the branching fractions of the neutral B{sub d} decays into DK{sup *}{sub 0(2)}(1430) and the time-dependent CP asymmetries in B{sub s}{yields}(D{sup 0}, anti D{sup 0})M (M=f{sub 0}(980),f{sub 0}(1370),f{sub 2}{sup '}(1525),f{sub 1}(1285),f{sub 1}(1420),h{sub 1}(1180)) provide an alternative way to extract the angle {gamma}, which will increase the statistical significance. No knowledge of the resonance structure in this method is required and therefore the angle {gamma} can be extracted without any hadronic uncertainty. (orig.)

  12. Padronização do Uso de Imunoglobulina Anti-D na Profilaxia da Isoimunização Rh

    OpenAIRE

    L. Vicente; Pinto, MG; Serrano, MF; Soares, C.; Alegria, A.

    2000-01-01

    A isoimunização RhD durante a gravidez tem graves repercussões fetais e neonatais. Apesar da imunoprofilaxia com imunoglobulina anti-D ter diminuído drasticamente a mortalidade e morbilidade perinatais, continuam a existir casos de isoimunização que se devem a uma administração inadequada. No âmbito de um projecto de padronização da administração de imunoglobulina anti-D, foram levados a cabo um inquérito aos obstetras da MAC e uma análise retrospectiva de processos de mulheres RhD negativas....

  13. Mesons in the Constituent Quark Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Li; PING Jia-Lun

    2007-01-01

    The quark-antiquark (q(-q)) spectrum is studied by solving the Schrǒdinger equation in the framework of non-relativistic constituent quark model. An overall good fit to the experimental data of meson is obtained. The interactions between quark and antiquark consist of quadratic colour confinement-exchange, one-gluon-exchange, and Goldstone-boson-exchange potentials.

  14. Extracting excited mesons from the finite volume

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doring, Michael [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)

    2014-12-01

    As quark masses come closer to their physical values in lattice simulations, finite volume effects dominate the level spectrum. Methods to extract excited mesons from the finite volume are discussed, like moving frames in the presence of coupled channels. Effective field theory can be used to stabilize the determination of the resonance spectrum.

  15. New physics effects from meson decays

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anirban Kundu

    2000-07-01

    In this talk, we point out some of the present and future possible signatures of physics beyond the Standard Model from -meson decays, taking -parity conserving and violating supersymmetry as illustrative examples. An expanded version is available on hep-ph archive.

  16. Meson Screening Masses in Thermal QCD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Czerski Piotr

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The quark-gluon plasma (QGP excitations, corresponding to the scalar and pseudoscalar meson quantum numbers, for different temperatures are calculated. Analysis is performed in the Hard Thermal Loop (HTL Approximation and leads to a better understanding of the excitations of QGP in the deconfined phase and is also of relevance for lattice studies.

  17. Charmonium meson and hybrid radiative transitions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, Peng [Indiana U., JLAB; Yépez-Martínez, Tochtli [Indiana U.; Szczepaniak, Adam P. [Indiana U., JLAB

    2014-06-01

    We consider the non-relativistic limit of the QCD Hamiltonian in the Coulomb gauge, to describe radiative transitions between conventional charmonium states and from the lowest multiplet of cc¯ hybrids to charmonium mesons. The results are compared to potential quark models and lattices calculations.

  18. Lattice investigation of heavy meson interactions

    OpenAIRE

    Wagenbach, Björn; Bicudo, Pedro; Wagner, Marc

    2014-01-01

    We report on a lattice investigation of heavy meson interactions and of tetraquark candidates with two very heavy quarks. These two quarks are treated in the static limit, while the other two are up, down, strange or charm quarks of finite mass. Various isospin, spin and parity quantum numbers are considered.

  19. Bc mesons in the deconfined phase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Czerski Piotr

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Charmed B mesons in a deconfined quark-gluon plasma are studied. With the introduction of the bound state of a charm and a beauty quarks at finite temperature, the behavior of the heavy quarkonium is investigated in an energy region between the ψ and the ϒ states [1]. Calculations are performed within a potential model [2, 3].

  20. Meson spectroscopy in large-N QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castagnini, Luca

    2015-06-23

    We present the results of a systematic, first-principles study of the spectrum and decay constants of mesons for different numbers of color charges N, via lattice computations. We discuss the extrapolations to the chiral, continuum and large-N limits and present a comparison of our results to some of the numerical computations and analytical predictions available in the literature.

  1. Preliminary Results on Charmed Meson Spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Sarwar, S; Paolone, V S; Reyes, M; Anjos, J C; Yager, P M; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Dos Reis, A C; Simão, F R A; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Méndez, H; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vásquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; Ramírez, J E; O'Reilly, B; Vaandering, E W; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Sarwar, S; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Park, K S; Rahimi, A; Gardner, R; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Myung, S S; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M G; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Torre, P; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Hernández, Pilar; López, A M; Méndez, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Zhang-Mayaguez, Y; Copty, N K; Purohit, M; Cho, K; Handler, T; Engh, D; Johns, W E; Hosack, M; Nehring, M S; Sales, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M S; Sheaff, M; Kwon, Y; Sarwar, Shahzad

    2001-01-01

    We report the preliminary measurement by the FOCUS Collaboration (E831 at Fermilab) of masses and widths of the L=1 charm mesons $D_2^{*0}$ and $D_2^{*+}$. The fit of the invariant mass distribution requires an additional term to account for a broad structure over background.

  2. Meson spectroscopy in large-N QCD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the results of a systematic, first-principles study of the spectrum and decay constants of mesons for different numbers of color charges N, via lattice computations. We discuss the extrapolations to the chiral, continuum and large-N limits and present a comparison of our results to some of the numerical computations and analytical predictions available in the literature.

  3. Light Meson Dynamics Workshop. Mini proceedings

    CERN Document Server

    Bijnens, J; Fang, S; Giovannella, S; Gradl, W; Hanhart, C; Leupold, B Kubis S; Lutz, M F M; Masjuan, P; Moussallam, B; Nieser, A; Oset, E; Ostrick, M; Pelaez, J R; Scherer, S; Švarc, A; Unverzagt, M; Wanke, R; Wolke, M

    2014-01-01

    The mini-proceedings of the Light Meson Dynamics Workshop held in Mainz from February 10th to 12th, 2014, are presented. The web page of the conference, which contains all talks, can be found at https://indico.cern.ch/event/287442/overview .

  4. Electromagnetic Form Factor of Charged Scalar Meson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Heng-Mei; CHEN Ning; WANG Zhi-Gang; WAN Shao-Long

    2007-01-01

    Wavefunctions and the electromagnetic form factor of charged scalar mesons are studied with the vector-vectortype flat-bottom potential model under the framework of the spinor spinor Bethe Salpeter equation. The obtained results are in agreement with other theories.

  5. Probing Polarized Parton Distributions with Meson Photoproduction

    CERN Document Server

    Afanasiev, A M; Wahlquist, C; Afanasev, Andrei; Carlson, Carl E.; Wahlquist, Christian

    1997-01-01

    Polarization asymmetries in photoproduction of high transverse momentum mesons are a flavor sensitive way to measure the polarized quark distributions. We calculate the expected asymmetries in several models, and find that the asymmetries are significant and also significantly different from model to model. Suitable data may come as a by-product of deep inelastic experiments to measure $g_1$ or from dedicated experiments.

  6. Analysis of $X(3872)$ production via Heavy-Meson Effective Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Abreu, L M

    2016-01-01

    We analyze the $X(3872)$ production in the processes $ \\bar{D} D \\rightarrow \\pi X $, $\\bar{D}^* D \\rightarrow \\pi X $ and $\\bar{D}^* D^* \\rightarrow \\pi X $, making use of the Heavy-Meson Effective Theory, with an effective Lagrangian built based on chiral $SU(3)_{L} \\times SU(3)_{R}$ and heavy quark symmetries. In this scenario, we consider $X$ as a bound state of $D^{*} \\bar{D} + c.c.$, including neutral and charged components, and obtain the cross sections the mentioned reactions as function of collision energy.

  7. Upper limit on the lifetime difference of short- and long-lived $B^0_s$ mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Ahlen, S P; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Baksay, L; Ball, R C; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, Sw; Banicz, K; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Barone, L; Bartalini, P; Baschirotto, A; Basile, M; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Bilei, G M; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böck, R K; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Boutigny, D; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brigljevic, V; Brock, I C; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Busenitz, J K; Cai, X D; Campanelli, M; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chen, M; Chiefari, G; Chien, C Y; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colijn, A P; Colino, N; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Dai, T S; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; Diemoz, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Di Lodovico, F; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Drago, E; Duchesneau, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; Easo, S; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Faccini, R; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Ferroni, F; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Fredj, L; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gerald, J; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Goldfarb, S; Goldstein, J; Gong, Z F; Gougas, Andreas; Gratta, Giorgio; Grünewald, M W; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hartmann, B; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Van Hoek, W C; Hofer, H; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, G; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Kasser, A; Khan, R A; Kamrad, D; Kapustinsky, J S; Karyotakis, Yu; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, D H; Kim, J K; Kim, S C; Kinnison, W W; Kirkby, A; Kirkby, D; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopp, A; Korolko, I; Koutsenko, V F; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Kunin, A; Lacentre, P E; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Landi, G; Lapoint, C; Lassila-Perini, K M; Laurikainen, P; Lavorato, A; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Leggett, C; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Leonardi, E; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lu, W; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Majumder, G; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Marchesini, P A; Marian, G; Marin, A; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Massaro, G G G; Mazumdar, K; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mi, Y; Migani, D; Mihul, A; Van Mil, A J W; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Molnár, P; Monteleoni, B; Moore, R; Moulik, T; Mount, R; Muanza, G S; Muheim, F; Muijs, A J M; Nahn, S; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nippe, A; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Oh, Yu D; Organtini, G; Ostonen, R; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Park, H K; Park, I H; Pascale, G; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Peach, D; Pedace, M; Pei, Y J; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Petrak, S; Pevsner, A; Piccolo, D; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Produit, N; Prokofev, D; Prokofiev, D O; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Raja, N; Rancoita, P G; Rattaggi, M; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Van Rhee, T; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Rind, O; Robohm, A; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Rosselet, P; Roth, S; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruschmeier, D; Rykaczewski, H; Sakar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Sarakinos, M E; Sauvage, G; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schneegans, M; Scholz, N; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwenke, J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Sciarrino, D; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shukla, J; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Soulimov, V; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, H; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Susinno, G F; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, J C; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xu, J; Xu, Z Z; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; You, J M; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zemp, P; Zeng, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhou, B; Zhou, Y; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, Antonino; Ziegler, F; Zilizi, G

    1998-01-01

    An upper limit on the lifetime difference of short- and long-lived $\\rm B^0_s$ mesons has been obtained using an inclusive bottom hadron sample from 2 million hadronic Z decays collected by the L3 experiment at LEP. A lifetime fit has been performed on data samples separately enriched in neutral and charged b hadrons. An experimental upper limit on the decay rate difference of short- and long-lived $\\rm B^0_s$ mesons of \\begin{displaymath} ~~~~ {\\rm (|\\Delta\\Gamma|/\\Gamma)_{B^0_s}} < 0.67 ~~~~~~~\\mathrm{(95\\% \\; C.L.)} \\end{displaymath} has been determined. In addition, the lifetimes of $\\rm B^+$ and $\\rm B^0_d$ mesons have been measured to be $\\tau(\\rm B^+) = 1.66 \\pm 0.06 \\, \\pm 0.03 \\; \\mathrm{ps}$ and $\\tau(\\rm B^0_d) = 1.52 \\pm 0.06 \\, \\pm 0.04 \\; \\mathrm{ps}$, where the first errors are statistical and the second are systematic.

  8. Flavor changing neutral currents in a realistic composite technicolor model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carone, Christopher D.; Hamilton, Rowan T.

    1993-03-01

    We consider the phenomenology of a composite technicolor model proposed recently by Georgi. Composite technicolor interactions produce four-quark operators in the low energy theory that contribute to flavor changing neutral current processes. While we expect operators of this type to be induced at the compositeness scale by the flavor-symmetry breaking effects of the preon mass matrices, the Georgi model also includes operators from higher scales that are not GIM-suppressed. Since these operators are potentially large, we study their impact on flavor changing neutral currents and CP violation in the neutral K, B, and D meson systems. Notably, we find that this model gives rise to a typical value for {ɛ‧}/{ɛ} that is much smaller than most standard model estimates.

  9. Clearance of red cells by monoclonal IgG3 anti-D in vivo is affected by the VF polymorphism of Fc gamma RIIIa (CD16)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kumpel, BM; De Haas, M; Koene, HR; Van de Winkel, JGJ; Goodrick, MJ

    2003-01-01

    Human red cells (RBC) coated with IgG anti-D are cleared from the circulation to the spleen by macrophages which express IgG receptors (Fcgamma R). Polymorphisms of Fcgamma RIIa and Fcgamma RIIIa affect IgG binding in vitro , and may alter the efficiency of clearance of immune complexes in vivo. In

  10. The restricted use of IGHV3 superspecies genes in anti-Rh is not limited to hyperimmunized anti-D donors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.E. Dohmen; O.J.H.M. Verhagen; J. Muit; P.C. Ligthart; C.E. van der Schoot

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Antibodies produced against the D antigen make use of IGHV genes restricted to the IGHV3 superfamily. These findings are based on the IGHV gene analysis in anti-D-producing B cells from hyperimmunized donors, however, and therefore the restriction might be due to the hyperimmunization. I

  11. Spin O decay angular distribution for interfering mesons in electroproduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Funsten, H.; Gilfoyle, G.

    1994-04-01

    Self analyzing meson electroproduction experiments are currently being planned for the CEBAF CLAS detector. These experiments deduce the spin polarization of outgoing unstable spin s (?)0 mesons from their decay angular distribution, W({theta},{psi}). The large angular acceptance of the CLAS detector permits kinematic tracking of a sufficient number of these events to accurately determine electroproduction amplitudes from the deduced polarization. Maximum polarization information is obtained from W({theta},{psi}) for decay into spin 0 daughters. The helicity of the decaying meson is transferred to the daughter`s relative orbital angular momentum m-projection; none is {open_quotes}absorbed{close_quotes} into daughter helicities. The decaying meson`s helicity maximally appears in W({theta},{psi}). W({theta},{psi}) for spin 0 daughters has been derived for (1) vector meson electroproduction and (2) general interfering mesons produced by incident pions. This paper derives W({theta},{psi}) for electroproduction of two interfering mesons that decay into spin 0 daughters. An application is made to the case of interfering scalar and vector mesons. The derivation is an extension of work by Schil using the general decay formalism of Martin. The expressions can be easily extended to the case of N interfering mesons since interference occurs pairwise in the observable W ({theta},{psi}), a quadratic function of the meson amplitudes. The derivation uses the virtual photon density matrix of Schil which is transformed by a meson electroproduction transition operator, T. The resulting density matrix for the interfering mesons is then converted into a corresponding statistical tensor and contracted into the efficiency tensor for spin 0 daughters.

  12. Evaluation of the effects of and earliest response rate to anti-D treatment in children with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yetgin, Sevgi; Aytaç, Selin; Olcay, Lale; Tunç, Bahattin; Ozbek, Namik; Aydinok, Yeşim

    2010-01-01

    In this pilot study, 30 (14 male, 16 female; median age: 8 years, range: 2-18) chronic non-splenectomized idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patients with Rh+ blood group and their 49 attacks were evaluated after intravenous (i.v.) anti-D (WinRho SDF, Cangene Corporation, Winnipeg, MB, Canada) treatment at a dose of 50 microg/kg x 3 days (n = 21 cases; 35 attacks) or a single dose of 75 microg/kg (n = 9 cases; 14 attacks) to define the hemostatic dose of anti-D. Five of 30 patients (22/49 attacks) were resistant to steroid, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and vincristine treatment. Hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cells (WBC), platelets (plt) and reticulocytes (ret) were evaluated before and after treatment during the follow-up in sequences on the 1st, 7th, 14th and 21st days after anti-D treatment if the patients had no symptom. All patients, even the resistant ones, experienced an increase in plt count to provide protection from bleeding (> or = 20 x 10(9)/L in patients with symptoms, > or = 10 x 10(9)/L in patients without symptoms). The plt responses of one resistant and five non-resistant patients treated with a single 75 microg/kg dose of i.v. anti-D in 8 attacks were monitored at the 2nd, 4th, 8th, 24th and 48th hours of the treatment. A protective plt level was attained within 2 hours in 6 attacks of five non-resistant cases and in 24 hours in the remaining 2 attacks of one resistant case. This pilot study suggests that anti-D treatment in ITP patients is effective and can increase plt to a level adequate enough to protect from hemorrhage within 2 hours, when given in a 75 microg/kg dose. A few adverse events (i.e. chills, hemolysis and hemoglobinuria) resolved without intervention. PMID:20560246

  13. [Effect of erythrocyte preserved for different lengths of time on anti-D antibody identification with three blood matching tests].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Rui-Qing; Lin, Wu-Cun; Xu, Dan; Zeng, Jie; Wu, Jian-Jun; Zhao, Shu-Ming

    2003-10-01

    The specificity of the antigens and length of preservation time of erythrocytes are the interfering factors in blood group serological tests. In order to clarify the influence of preservation time of erythrocytes on the blood matching test, the titers of anti-D antibody were detected with papain method, BioVue cross matching card and DianaGel cross matching card in 7 series of panel red blood cells preserved for various length of time (0 to 9 months). The results showed that the titer of micro-column gel test (DianaGel card) was one tube higher than that of column agglutinating test (BioVue card). The titer of erythrocytes preserved for 9 months was as high as 256 tested by DianaGel card, but it was only 2 by papain method in the same anti-serum. It is suggested that there was no obvious difference between the results of micro-column gel test and column agglutinating test, and titer of papain method was the lowest. PMID:14575550

  14. Production properties of K*(892) vector mesons and their spin alignment as measured in the NOMAD experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Chukanov, A; Popov, B; Astier, Pierre; Autiero, D; Baldisseri, Alberto; Baldo-Ceolin, M; Banner, M; Bassompierre, G; Benslama, K; Besson, N; Bird, I; Blumenfeld, B; Bobisut, F; Bouchez, J; Boyd, S; Bueno, A; Bunyatov, S; Camilleri, L L; Cardini, A; Cattaneo, P W; Cavasinni, V; Cervera-Villanueva, A; Challis, R; Collazuol, G; Conforto, G; Conta, C; Contalbrigo, M; Cousins, R; Daniels, D; Degaudenzi, H M; Del Prete, T; De Santo, A; Dignan, T; Di Lella, L; Do Couto e Silva, E; Dumarchez, J; Ellis, M; Feldman, G J; Ferrari, R; Ferrère, D; Flaminio, V; Fraternali, M; Gaillard, J M; Gangler, E; Geiser, A; Geppert, D; Gibin, D; Gninenko, S; Godley, A; Gómez-Cadenas, J J; Gosset, J; Gössling, C; Gouanère, M; Grant, A; Graziani, G; Guglielmi, A M; Hagner, C; Hernando, J; Hubbard, D; Hurst, P; Hyett, N; Iacopini, E; Joseph, C; Juget, F; Kent, N; Kirsanov, M; Klimov, O; Kokkonen, J; Kovzelev, A; Krasnoperov, A V; Lacaprara, S; Lachaud, C; Lakic, B; Lanza, A; La Rotonda, L; Laveder, M; Letessier-Selvon, A A; Lévy, J M; Linssen, Lucie; Ljubicic, A; Long, J; Lupi, A; Lyubushkin, V; Marchionni, A; Martelli, F; Méchain, X; Mendiburu, J P; Meyer, J P; Mezzetto, Mauro; Mishra, S R; Moorhead, G F; Nédélec, P; Nefedov, Yu; Nguyen-Mau, C; Orestano, D; Pastore, F; Peak, L S; Pennacchio, E; Pessard, H; Petti, R; Placci, A; Polesello, G; Pollmann, D; Polyarush, A Yu; Poulsen, C; Rebuffi, L; Renò, R; Rico, J; Riemann, P; Roda, C; Rubbia, André; Salvatore, F; Samoylov, O; Schahmaneche, K; Schmidt, B; Schmidt, T; Sconza, A; Sevior, M; Sillou, D; Soler, F J P; Sozzi, G; Steele, D; Stiegler, U; Stipcevic, M; Stolarczyk, T; Tareb-Reyes, M; Taylor, G N; Tereshchenko, V V; Toropin, A; Touchard, A M; Tovey, Stuart N; Tran, M T; Tsesmelis, E; Ulrichs, J; Vacavant, L; Valdata-Nappi, M; Valuev, V; Vannucci, F; Varvell, K E; Veltri, M; Vercesi, V; Vidal-Sitjes, G; Vieira, J M; Vinogradova, T; Weber, F V; Weisse, T; Wilson, F F; Winton, L J; Yabsley, B D; Zaccone, Henri; Zei, R; Zuber, K; Zuccon, P

    2006-01-01

    First measurements of K*(892) mesons production properties and their spin alignment in nu_mu charged current (CC) and neutral current (NC) interactions are presented. The analysis of the full data sample of the NOMAD experiment is performed in different kinematic regions. For K*+ and K*- mesons produced in nu_mu CC interactions and decaying into K0 pi+/- we have found the following yields per event: (2.6 +/- 0.2 (stat.) +/- 0.2 (syst.))% and (1.6 +/- 0.1 (stat.) +/- 0.1 (syst.))% respectively, while for the K*+ and K*- mesons produced in nu NC interactions the corresponding yields per event are: (2.5 +/- 0.3 (stat.) +/- 0.3 (syst.))% and (1.0 +/- 0.3 (stat.) +/- 0.2 (syst.))%. The results obtained for the rho00 parameter, 0.40 +/- 0.06 (stat) +/- 0.03 (syst) and 0.28 +/- 0.07 (stat) +/- 0.03 (syst) for K*+ and K*- produced in nu_mu CC interactions, are compared to theoretical predictions tuned on LEP measurements in e+e- annihilation at the Z0 pole. For K*+ mesons produced in nu NC interactions the measured r...

  15. The lightest hybrid meson supermultiplet in QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dudek, Jozef J

    2011-10-01

    We interpret the spectrum of meson states recently obtained in non-perturbative lattice QCD calculations in terms of constituent quark-antiquark bound states and states, called 'hybrids', in which the q{bar q} pair is supplemented by an excitation of the gluonic field. We identify a lightest supermultiplet of hybrid mesons with J{sup PC} = (0,1,2){sup {-+}}, 1{sup -} built from a gluonic excitation of chromomagnetic character coupled to q{bar q} in an S-wave. The next lightest hybrids are suggested to be quark orbital excitations with the same gluonic excitation, while the next distinct gluonic excitation is significantly heavier. Existing models of gluonic excitations are compared to these findings and possible phenomenological consequences explored.

  16. LHCb: LHCb results on $B$ meson mixing

    CERN Multimedia

    Eitschberger, U

    2013-01-01

    On the poster three LHCb results on B meson mixing using a datasample of 1 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV are presented. The B meson oscillation frequencies are measured as $\\Delta m_d = 0.5156 \\pm 0.0051 (\\text{stat}) \\pm 0.0033 (\\text{syst}) \\text{ps}^{-1}$ and $\\Delta m_s = 17.768 \\pm 0.023 (\\text{stat}) \\pm 0.006 (\\text{syst}) \\text{ps}^{-1}$. The CP violation observables in the decay channel $B^0 \\rightarrow J/\\psi K^0_S$ are determined as $S_{J/\\psi K^0_S} = 0.73 \\pm 0.07 (\\text{stat})\\pm 0.04 (\\text{syst})$ and $C_{J/\\psi K^0_S} = 0.03 \\pm 0.09 (\\text{stat})\\pm 0.01 (\\text{syst})$.

  17. Exclusive electroproduction of $\\phi$ mesons at HERA

    CERN Document Server

    Chekanov, S; Adamczyk, L; Adamus, M; Adler, V; Aghuzumtsyan, G; Allfrey, P D; Antonioli, P; Antonov, A; Arneodo, M; Bailey, D S; Bamberger, A; Barakbaev, A N; Barbagli, G; Barbi, M; Bari, G; Barreiro, F; Bartsch, D; Basile, M; Behrens, U; Bell, M A; Bellagamba, L; Bellan, P M; Benen, A; Bertolin, A; Bhadra, S; Bloch, I; Bold, T; Boos, E G; Borras, K; Boscherini, D; Brock, I; Brook, N H; Brugnera, R; Brümmer, N; Bruni, A; Bruni, G; Bussey, P J; Butterworth, J M; Büttner, C; Bylsma, B; Caldwell, A; Capua, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carli, T; Carlin, R; Cassel, D G; Catterall, C D; Abramowicz, H; Chwastowski, J; Ciborowski, J; Ciesielski, R; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Cole, J E; Collins-Tooth, C; Contin, A; Cooper-Sarkar, A M; Coppola, N; Corradi, M; Corriveau, F; Costa, M; Cottrell, A; Cui, Y; D'Agostini, G; Dal Corso, F; Danilov, P; De Pasquale, S; Dementiev, R K; Derrick, M; Devenish, R C E; Dhawan, S; Dobur, D; Dolgoshein, B A; Doyle, A T; Drews, G; Durkin, L S; Dusini, S; Eisenberg, Y; Ermolov, P F; Eskreys, Andrzej; Everett, A; Ferrando, J; Ferrero, M I; Figiel, J; Foster, B; Foudas, C; Fourletov, S; Fourletova, J; Fry, C; Gabareen, A; Galas, A; Gallo, E; Garfagnini, A; Geiser, A; Genta, C; Gialas, I; Giusti, P; Gladilin, L K; Gladkov, D; Glasman, C; Göbel, F; Goers, S; Goncalo, R; González, O; Gosau, T; Göttlicher, P; Grabowska-Bold, I; Graciani-Díaz, R; Grigorescu, G; Grijpink, S; Groys, M; Grzelak, G; Gutsche, O; Gwenlan, C; Haas, T; Hain, W; Hall-Wilton, R; Hamatsu, R; Hamilton, J; Hanlon, S; Hart, C; Hartmann, H; Hartner, G; Heaphy, E A; Heath, G P; Helbich, M; Hilger, E; Hochman, D; Holm, U; Horn, C; Iacobucci, G; Iga, Y; Irrgang, P; Jakob, H P; Jiménez, M; Jones, T W; Kagawa, S; Kahle, B; Kaji, H; Kananov, S; Karshon, U; Karstens, F; Kasemann, M; Kataoka, M; Katkov, I I; Kcira, D; Keramidas, A; Khein, L A; Kim, J Y; Kind, O; Kisielewska, D; Kitamura, S; Koffeman, E; Kohno, T; Kooijman, P; Koop, T; Korzhavina, I A; Kotanski, A; Kötz, U; Kowal, A M; Kowalski, H; Kramberger, G; Kreisel, A; Krumnack, N; Kulinski, P; Kuze, M; Kuzmin, V A; Labarga, L; Lammers, S; Lelas, D; Levchenko, B B; Levy, A; Li, L; Lightwood, M S; Lim, H; Limentani, S; Ling, T Y; Liu, C; Liu, X; Löhr, B; Lohrmann, E; Loizides, J H; Long, K R; Longhin, A; Lukasik, J; Lukina, O Yu; Luzniak, P; Ma, K J; Maddox, E; Magill, S; Malka, J; Mankel, R; Margotti, A; Marini, G; Martin, J F; Martínez, M; Mastroberardino, A; Matsuzawa, K; Mattingly, M C K; Melzer-Pellmann, I A; Menary, S R; Metlica, F; Meyer, U; Miglioranzi, S; Milite, M; Mirea, A; Monaco, V; Montanari, A; Musgrave, B; Nagano, K; Namsoo, T; Nania, R; Nguyen, C N; Nigro, A; Ning, Y; Noor, U; Notz, D; Nowak, R J; Nuncio-Quiroz, A E; Oh, B Y; Olkiewicz, K; Ota, O; Padhi, S; Palmonari, F; Patel, S; Paul, E; Pavel, Usan; Pawlak, J M; Pelfer, P G; Pellegrino, A; Pesci, A; Piotrzkowski, K; Plamondon, M; Plucinsky, P P; Pokrovskiy, N S; Polini, A; Proskuryakov, A S; Przybycien, M B; Rautenberg, J; Raval, A; Reeder, D D; Ren, Z; Renner, R; Repond, J; Ri, Y D; Rinaldi, L; Robins, S; Rosin, M; Ruspa, M; Ryan, P; Sacchi, R; Salehi, H; Santamarta, R; Sartorelli, G; Savin, A A; Saxon, D H; Schagen, S; Schioppa, M; Schlenstedt, S; Schleper, P; Schmidke, W B; Schneekloth, U; Schörner-Sadenius, T; Sciulli, F; Shcheglova, L M; Skillicorn, I O; Slominski, W; Smith, W H; Soares, M; Solano, A; Son, D; Sosnovtsev, V V; Stairs, D G; Stanco, L; Standage, J; Stifutkin, A; Stonjek, S; Stopa, P; Stösslein, U; Straub, P B; Suchkov, S; Susinno, G; Suszycki, L; Sutiak, J; Sutton, M R; Sztuk, J; Szuba, D; Szuba, J; Tapper, A D; Targett-Adams, C; Tassi, E; Tawara, T; Terron, J; Tiecke, H G; Tokushuku, K; Tsurugai, T; Turcato, M; Tymieniecka, T; Tyszkiewicz, A; Ukleja, A; Ukleja, J; Vázquez, M; Vlasov, N N; Voss, K C; Walczak, R; Walsh, R; Wang, M; Whitmore, J J; Whyte, J; Wichmann, K; Wick, K; Wiggers, L; Wills, H H; Wing, M; Wlasenko, M; Wolf, G; Yagues-Molina, A G; Yamada, S; Yamazaki, Y; Yoshida, R; Youngman, C; Zambrana, M; Zawiejski, L; Zeuner, W; Zhautykov, B O; Zhou, C; Zichichi, A; Ziegler, A; Zotkin, D S; Zotkin, S A; De Favereau, J; De Wolf, E; Del Peso, J

    2005-01-01

    Exclusive electroproduction of $\\phi$ mesons has been studied in $e^\\pm p$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=318 \\gev$ with the ZEUS detector at HERA using an integrated luminosity of 65.1 pb$^{-1}$. The $\\gamma^*p$ cross section is presented in the kinematic range $2mesons. The ratios $R$ of the cross sections for longitudinally and transversely polarized virtual photons are presented as functions of $Q^2$ and $W$. The data are also compared to predictions from theoretical models.

  18. Vector mesons in strongly interacting matter

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Volker Metag

    2010-08-01

    Properties of hadrons in strongly interacting matter provide a link between quantum chromodynamics in the strong coupling regime and experimental observables. QCD sum rules show that changes in chiral and higher-order condensates, partially associated with a restoration of chiral symmetry in the nuclear medium, will lead to significant changes in the low-energy spectrum of hadrons. Heavy-ion collisions and reactions with elementary probes have been used to extract experimental information on in-medium properties of hadrons. Results on the light vector mesons ρ, , and , are summarized and compared. Almost all experiments report a softening of the spectral functions with increases in width depending on the density and temperature of the hadronic environment. No evidence for mass shifts is found in majority of the experiments. Remaining inconsistencies among experimental results demonstrate the need for further measurements with higher statistics and inrceased acceptance in particular for low-momentum vector mesons.

  19. Electroproduction of tensor mesons in QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Braun, V M; Strohmaier, M; Vladimirov, A A

    2016-01-01

    Due to multiple possible polarizations hard exclusive production of tensor mesons by virtual photons or in heavy meson decays offers interesting possibilities to study the helicity structure of the underlying short-distance process. Motivated by the first measurement of the transition form factor $\\gamma^*\\gamma \\to f_2(1270)$ at large momentum transfers by the BELLE collaboration we present an improved QCD analysis of this reaction in the framework of collinear factorization including contributions of twist-three quark-antiquark-gluon operators and an estimate of soft end-point corrections using light-cone sum rules. The results appear to be in a very good agreement with the data, in particular the predicted scaling behavior is reproduced in all cases.

  20. Nonequilibrium meson production in strong fields

    CERN Document Server

    Juchnowski, L; Fischer, T; Smolyansky, S A

    2015-01-01

    We develop a kinetic equation approach to nonequilibrium pion and sigma meson production in a time-dependent, chiral symmetry breaking field (inertial mechanism). We investigate the question to what extent the low-momentum pion enhancement observed in heavy-ion collisions at CERN - LHC can be addressed within this formalism. In a first step, we consider the inertial mechanism for nonequilibrium production of $\\sigma-$mesons and their simultaneous decay into pion pairs for two cases of $\\sigma$ mass evolution. The resulting pion distribution shows a strong low-momentum enhancement which can be approximated by a thermal Bose distribution with a chemical potential that appears as a trace of the nonequilibrium process of its production.

  1. Electroproduction of tensor mesons in QCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, V. M.; Kivel, N.; Strohmaier, M.; Vladimirov, A. A.

    2016-06-01

    Due to multiple possible polarizations hard exclusive production of tensor mesons by virtual photons or in heavy meson decays offers interesting possibilities to study the helicity structure of the underlying short-distance process. Motivated by the first measurement of the transition form factor γ∗γ → f 2(1270) at large momentum transfers by the BELLE collaboration we present an improved QCD analysis of this reaction in the framework of collinear factorization including contributions of twist-three quark-antiquark-gluon operators and an estimate of soft end-point corrections using light-cone sum rules. The results appear to be in good agreement with the data, in particular the predicted scaling behavior is reproduced in all cases.

  2. Rotational Spectra of the Baryons and Mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Akers, D

    2003-01-01

    An investigation of the rotational spectra of baryons and mesons is conducted. Diakonov, Petrov and Polyakov claimed that all light baryons are rotational excitations. A study of the history of particle physics indicates that the ideas of rotational spectra can be originally attributed to a constituent-quark (CQ) model as proposed by Mac Gregor. Later research advanced spin-orbit splitting in a deformed model as suggested by Bhaduri and others. In the present work, we show from current data that the rotational spectra of baryons and mesons are in agreement with the original claims of Mac Gregor: namely, the values for the rotational energies Erot of particles merge with those of nuclear rotational bands in light nuclei. It is also shown that particles of different isotopic spins are separated in mass by a 70 MeV quantum, which is related to the SU(3) decuplet mass spacing as originally proposed by Gell-Mann.

  3. QCD monopole and sigma meson coupling

    CERN Document Server

    Iwazaki, Aiichi

    2016-01-01

    Under the assumption of the Abelian dominance in QCD, we show that chiral condensate is locally present around a QCD monopole. The appearance of the chiral condensate around a GUT monopole was shown in the previous analysis of the Rubakov effect. We apply a similar analysis to the QCD monopole. It follows that the condensation of the monopole carrying the chiral condensate leads to the chiral symmetry breaking as well as quark confinement. To realize the result explicitly, we present a phenomenological linear sigma model coupled with the monopoles, in which the monopole condensation causes the chiral symmetry breaking as well as confinement. The monopoles are assumed to be described by a model of dual superconductor. We identify the monopoles with scalar isoscalar $f_0$ mesons with masses $1400\\sim 1700$ MeV as well as dual gauge fields with $h_1$ vector mesons with masses $\\sim 1500$MeV.

  4. High-energy photoproduction of rho and phi vector mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Callahan, P.H.

    1983-01-01

    We have studied the photoproduction of rho and phi vector mesons from hydrogen in the Fermilab broad band neutral beam. Forward going two particle final states were detected in a multiparticle spectrometer consisting of two analyzing magnets, a multiwire-proportional-chamber tracking system and a particle identification system. Recoil protons and target fragments were observed in a recoil detector which surrounded the target. The total elastic cross-sections were measured to be independent of energy at the 10% level from 35 to 225 GeV at 10.6 ..mu..b for the rho and from 35 to 165 GeV at 0.64 ..mu..b for the phi. The elastic differential cross-sections were also measured. Approximately 20% of the diffractive rho and phi events were found to be inelastic from an analysis of the recoil detector. The t-dependence of the fraction of diffractive events which are inelastic for both the phi and the psi are consistent with a universal function determined from the rho data.

  5. LAMPF: the meson factory. A LASL monograph

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allred, J.C.

    1977-08-01

    A general and simplified introduction to the entire concept of LAMPF is given in terms of its experimental capabilities. Parts of the current experimental program are used as illustrative examples. Topics discussed include: (1) the evolution of the meson factory; (2) accelerator construction; (3) strong focusing; (4) accelerator innovations at LAMPF; (5) photons and pions; (6) muons as nuclear probes; (7) nuclear chemistry; (8) radiobiology and medical applications; (9) radioisotope production; (10) materials testing; and (11) LAMPF management and users group. (PMA)

  6. Remarks on the exotic U-meson

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In expectation of imminent results from the new hyperon beam experiment at CERN concerning the exotic U-meson at 3.1 GeV, we propose a detailed program of experimental tests to check the suggestion that U is a qqq-barq-bar ''M-diquonium'' state. Apart from some very characteristic decay modes, the U is expected to occur together with several analogous states with various quantum numbers to which it is intimately related. (author)

  7. Mesonic spectroscopy of Minimal Walking Technicolor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Del Debbio, Luigi; Lucini, Biagio; Patella, Agostino;

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the structure and the novel emerging features of the mesonic non-singlet spectrum of the Minimal Walking Technicolor (MWT) theory. Precision measurements in the nonsinglet pseudoscalar and vector channels are compared to the expectations for an IR-conformal field theory and a QCD-l......-like theory. Our results favor a scenario in which MWT is (almost) conformal in the infrared, while spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking seems less plausible....

  8. B meson physics and related new physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have surveyed the some models focusing on the mixings, the CP violation and the rare decay in the B meson system. The ARGUS data of the Bd0-B-bard0 mixing gives us some constraints as to parameters of these models. Especially, we have investigated the composite scale in detail using the ARGUS data of the Bd0-B-bard0 mixing and obtained some interesting results. (author)

  9. Non-conventional mesons at PANDA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacosa, Francesco

    2015-04-01

    Non-conventional mesons, such as glueballs and tetraquarks, will be in the focus of the PANDA experiment at the FAIR facility. In this lecture we recall the basic properties of QCD and describe some features of unconventional states. We focus on the search of the not-yet discovered glueballs and the use of the extended Linear Sigma Model for this purpose, and on the already discovered but not-yet understood X, Y, Z states.

  10. Understanding the baryon and meson spectra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pennington, Michael R. [JLAB

    2013-10-01

    A brief overview is given of what we know of the baryon and meson spectra, with a focus on what are the key internal degrees of freedom and how these relate to strong coupling QCD. The challenges, experimental, theoretical and phenomenological, for the future are outlined, with particular reference to a program at Jefferson Lab to extract hadronic states in which glue unambiguously contributes to their quantum numbers.

  11. Radiative widths of K and rho mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dissociation of K and π mesons in the nuclear Coulomb field has been studied. Results are: GAMMA(rho→πγ) = 67 +- 7 KeV., GAMMA(K*(890)→Kπ) = 60 +- 15 KeV; and the observation of Coulomb excitation of the following states: K*(1420,1700),A2,A1,B. The measured widths are in rough agreement with a simple quark model

  12. Vector meson contributions in ε'/ε

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CP-violating parameter -bar '/-bar is computed using the low-energy dynamics of the chiral theory supplemented by vector resonances. The divergent contributions coming from strong π-π scattering are tamed by vector-meson exchange terms. This amounts to softening the fast growing high-energy behaviour of π-π scattering. The final result for ε'/ε shows a smooth dependence on the cut-off where low energy dynamics is matched with that of QCD

  13. Non-perturbative effects in heavy mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The existence of a non-trivial vacuum has influences on bound states. We calculate its effects on heavy pseudoscalar mesons parameterizing the non-perturbative properties by gluon condensates and using a non-relativistic approximation. We derive and effective Hamiltonian taking into account the interaction with the gluonic vacuum. The background gauge formalism used preserves gauge invariance. Non-perturbative effects are shown to be more important in higher excited states. (author)

  14. Bubble chamber: D meson production and decay

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    This event shows real particle tracks from the Big European Bubble Chamber (BEBC), which was used to observe neutrino and hadron beams between 1973 and 1984 from the PS and SPS accelerators. In this event a neutrino interacts with a proton producing an excited D meson. A labeled diagram is seen on the right as the particles spiral in the magnetic field of the detector.

  15. Leading logarithms for mesons and nucleons

    OpenAIRE

    Bijnens, Johan; Kampf, Karol; Vladimirov, Alexey

    2015-01-01

    This talk describes the work done in calculating leading logarithms in massive effective field theories. We discuss shortly leading logarithms in renormalizable theories and how they can be calculated using only one-loop calculations in effective field theories. The remainder of the talk discusses masses, decay constants, condensates and anomalous processes in mesonic effective field theories like Chiral Perturbation Theory and the expansion of the nucleon mass.

  16. Meson F1 spin and parity measurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Data of several series of antiproton-proton annihilation events produced at 1,1 to 2,04 GeV/c are analyzed. The meson resonances three-body disintegration (KantiKπ) and particularly the F1 meson of which quantum numbers spin and parity were not quite determinated, were studied. In the antiproton-proton reaction, it was possible to put into evidence the F1 meson existence. To test the spin, in this experiment were used the following processes: the 'angular correlation' test using the production of F1 associated with the omega as well as the desintegrations in series F1→K*K, K*→Kπ; the 'positivity' test which are directly bound to the positivity conditions of the F1 polarization density operator and use only F1→K*K desintegration. The coherence in the measures obtained in several independent tests allowed to conclude with a good experimental evidence that the spin-parity hypothesis Jsub(F1)sup(P)=2- is the most probable

  17. Leptonic Decays of Charged Pseudoscalar Mesons - 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Rosner, Jonathan L; Van de Water, Ruth S

    2015-01-01

    We review the physics of purely leptonic decays of $\\pi^\\pm$, $K^\\pm$, $D^{\\pm}$, $D_s^\\pm$, and $B^\\pm$ pseudoscalar mesons. The measured decay rates are related to the product of the relevant weak-interaction-based CKM matrix element of the constituent quarks and a strong interaction parameter related to the overlap of the quark and antiquark wave-functions in the meson, called the decay constant $f_P$. The leptonic decay constants for $\\pi^\\pm$, $K^\\pm$, $D^{\\pm}$, $D_s^\\pm$, and $B^\\pm$ mesons can be obtained with controlled theoretical uncertainties and high precision from {\\it ab initio} lattice-QCD simulations. The combination of experimental leptonic decay-rate measurements and theoretical decay-constant calculations enables the determination of several elements of the CKM matrix within the standard model. These determinations are competitive with those obtained from semileptonic decays, and also complementary because they are sensitive to different quark flavor-changing currents. They can also be use...

  18. Interaction of eta mesons with nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Kelkar, N G; Upadhyay, N J; Jain, B K

    2013-01-01

    Back in the mid eighties, a new branch of investigation which was related to the interaction of eta mesons with nuclei came into existence. It started with the theoretical prediction of possible exotic states of eta mesons and nuclei bound by the strong interaction and later developed into an extensive experimental program to search for such unstable states as well as understand the underlying interaction via eta meson producing reactions. The vast literature of experimental as well as theoretical works which studied various aspects of eta producing reactions such as the $\\pi ^+$ $n$ $\\to \\eta p$, $p d \\to ^3$He $\\eta$, $p \\,^6$Li $\\to ^7$Be $\\eta$ and $\\gamma ^3$He $\\to \\eta$ X, to name a few, had but one objective in mind: to understand the eta - nucleon ($\\eta N$) and hence the $\\eta$-nucleus interaction which could explain the production data and confirm the existence of some $\\eta$-mesic nuclei. In spite of these efforts, there remain uncertainties in the knowledge of the $\\eta N$ and hence the $\\eta$-nu...

  19. Holographic Picture of Heavy Vector Meson Melting

    CERN Document Server

    Braga, Nelson R F; Diles, Saulo

    2016-01-01

    The fraction of heavy vector mesons produced in a heavy ion collision, as compared to a proton proton collision, serves as an important indication of the formation of a thermal medium, the quark gluon plasma. This sort of analysis strongly depends on understanding the thermal effects of a medium like the plasma on the states of heavy mesons. In particular, it is crucial to know the temperature ranges where they undergo a thermal dissociation, or melting. AdS/QCD models are know to provide an important tool for the calculation of hadronic masses, but in general are not consistent with the observation that decay constants of heavy vector mesons decrease with excitation level. It has recently been shown that this problem can be overcome using a soft wall background and introducing an extra energy parameter, through the calculation of correlation functions at a finite position of anti-de Sitter space. This approach leads to the evaluation of masses and decay constants of S wave quarkonium states with just one fla...

  20. Towards the understanding of 11p1 meson mass spectrum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Xue-Chao; Jiang Feng-Chun; Chang Tong-Qin; Feng Jun-Lan

    2008-01-01

    Based on the meson-meson mixing and Regge trajectory, this paper establishes the mass relations which can describe the mass spectrum of 11P1 meson state. Using these mass relations, it obtains the mass of KIB, h1 (1380) and hc(1P) to be 1358.5MeV, 1468 MeV and 3543.9 MeV, respectively. The results axe compared with other theoretical results and should be tested by experiments in the future.

  1. A review of the open charm and open bottom mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Hua-Xing; Liu, Xiang; Liu, Yan-Rui; Zhu, Shi-Lin

    2016-01-01

    Since the discovery of the first charmed meson in 1976, many open-charm and open-bottom mesons were observed. In 2003 two narrow charm-strange states $D_{s0}^*(2317)$ and $D_{s1}(2460)$ were discovered by the BaBar and CLEO Collaborations, respectively. After that, more excited heavy mesons were reported. In this work, we review the experimental and theoretical progress in this field.

  2. Baryon to meson transition distribution amplitudes and their spectral representation

    CERN Document Server

    Pire, Bernard; Szymanowski, Lech

    2011-01-01

    We consider the problem of construction of a spectral representation for nucleon to meson transition distribution amplitudes (TDAs), non-diagonal matrix elements of nonlocal three quark light-cone operators between a nucleon and a meson states. We introduce the notion of quadruple distributions and generalize Radyshkin's factorized Ansatz for this issue. Modelling of baryon to meson TDAs in the complete domain of their definition opens the way to quantitative estimates of cross-sections for various hard exclusive reactions.

  3. Open flavour charmed mesons in a quantum chromodynamics potential model

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Krishna Kingkar Pathak; D K Choudhury

    2012-12-01

    We modify the mesonic wave function by using a short distance scale 0 in analogy with hydrogen atom and estimate the values of masses and decay constants of the open flavour charm mesons , $D_{s}$ and $B_{c}$ within the framework of a QCD potential model. We also calculate leptonic decay widths of these mesons to study branching ratios and lifetime. The results are in good agreement with experimental and other theoretical values.

  4. The Effects of δ Meson on the Neutron Star Cooling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许妍; 刘广洲; 吴姚睿; 朱明枫; 喻孜; 王红岩; 赵恩广

    2012-01-01

    In the framework of the relativistic mean field theory, the isovector scalar interaction is considered by exchanging δ meson to study the influence of δ meson on the cooling properties of neutron star matter. The calculation results show that with the inclusion of δ meson, the neutrino emissivity of the direct Urca processes increases, and thus enhances the cooling of neutron star matter. When strong proton superfluidity is considered, the theoretical cooling curves agree with the observed thermal radiation for isolated neutron stars.

  5. Chiral phase transition scenarios from the vector meson extended Polyakov quark meson model

    CERN Document Server

    Kovács, Péter

    2015-01-01

    Chiral phase transition is investigated in an $SU(3)_L \\times SU(3)_R$ symmetric vector meson extended linear sigma model with additional constituent quarks and Polyakov loops (extended Polyakov quark meson model). The parameterization of the Lagrangian is done at zero temperature in a hybrid approach, where the mesons are treated at tree-level, while the constituent quarks at 1-loop level. The temperature and baryochemical potential dependence of the two assumed scalar condensates are calculated from the hybrid 1-loop level equations of states. The order of the phase transition along the $T=0$ and $\\mu_B=0$ axes are determined for various parameterization scenarios. We find that in order to have a first order phase transition at $T=0$ as a function of $\\mu_B$ a light isoscalar particle is needed.

  6. Present and Future K and B Meson Mixing Constraints on TeV Scale Left-Right Symmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Bertolini, Stefano; Nesti, Fabrizio

    2014-01-01

    We revisit the $\\Delta F=2$ transitions in the $K$ and $B_{d,s}$ neutral meson systems in the context of the minimal Left-Right symmetric model. We take into account, in addition to up-to-date phenomenological data, the contributions related to the renormalization of the flavor-changing neutral Higgs tree-level amplitude. These contributions were neglected in recent discussions, albeit formally needed in order to obtain a gauge independent result. Their impact on the minimal LR model is crucial and twofold. First, the effects are relevant for both CP conserving and CP violating observables in $B$ meson oscillations, so that for the first time they imply constraints on the LR scenario which compete with those of the $K$ sector (plagued by long-distance uncertainties). Second, they sizably contribute to the indirect kaon CP violation parameter $\\varepsilon$. We discuss the bounds from $B$ and $K$ mesons in both cases of LR symmetry: generalized parity ($\\mathcal{P}$) and charge conjugation ($\\mathcal{C}$). In t...

  7. The Meson Spectroscopy Program at the Jefferson Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Filippi, Alessandro [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Torino (Italy). et al.

    2015-06-01

    The experimental techniques that will be applied by the next generation meson spectroscopy experiments at JLab are described. For the first time, these experiments will be able to exploit the features of a photon beam of unprecedented intensity and momentum resolution, that will allow to perform precision studies of meson states with masses below 3 GeV/c2. Photon induced reactions will enhance the production of spin-1 mesons, that are of particular interest according to the most recent Lattice QCD calculations of the lightest exotic hybrid meson.

  8. Dynamically Generated Open and Hidden Charm Meson Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Gamermann, D; Strottman, D D; Vacas, M J V

    2006-01-01

    The lowest order chiral Lagrangian successfully applied to study the interaction of the SU(3) octet of pseudo-scalar mesons is generalized to include all mesons from the SU(4) 15-plet of pseudo-scalar mesons. Exchanges of heavy vector mesons, which are indirectly taken into account via this approach, are suppressed. Unitarization in coupled channels leads to dynamical generation of resonances in the open and hidden charm sectors. In particular, for reasonable values of the input, a new narrow scalar resonance in the hidden charm sector appears with a mass of 3.7 GeV.

  9. Heavy mesons in a hadronic medium: interaction and transport coefficients

    CERN Document Server

    Torres-Rincon, Juan M; Cabrera, Daniel; Romanets, Olena; Tolos, Laura

    2015-01-01

    We review the recent results of heavy meson diffusion in thermal hadronic matter. The interactions of D and B-bar mesons with other hadrons (light mesons and baryons) are extracted from effective field theories based on chiral and heavy-quark symmetries. When these guiding principles are combined with exact unitarity, physical values of the cross sections are obtained. These cross sections (which contain resonant contributions) are used to calculate the drag and diffusion coefficients of heavy mesons immersed in a thermal and dense medium. The transport coefficients are computed using a Fokker-Planck reduction of the Boltzmann equation.

  10. Search for medium modifications of the rho meson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasseripour, R; Wood, M H; Djalali, C; Weygand, D P; Tur, C; Mosel, U; Muehlich, P; Adams, G; Amaryan, M J; Ambrozewicz, P; Anghinolfi, M; Asryan, G; Avakian, H; Bagdasaryan, H; Baillie, N; Ball, J P; Baltzell, N A; Barrow, S; Battaglieri, M; Bedlinskiy, I; Bektasoglu, M; Bellis, M; Benmouna, N; Berman, B L; Biselli, A S; Blaszczyk, L; Bouchigny, S; Boiarinov, S; Bradford, R; Branford, D; Briscoe, W J; Brooks, W K; Bültmann, S; Burkert, V D; Butuceanu, C; Calarco, J R; Careccia, S L; Carman, D S; Carnahan, B; Casey, L; Chen, S; Cole, P L; Collins, P; Coltharp, P; Crabb, D; Crannell, H; Crede, V; Cummings, J P; Dashyan, N; De Masi, R; De Vita, R; De Sanctis, E; Degtyarenko, P V; Denizli, H; Dennis, L; Deur, A; Dharmawardane, K V; Dickson, R; Dodge, G E; Doughty, D; Dugger, M; Dytman, S; Dzyubak, O P; Egiyan, H; Egiyan, K S; El Fassi, L; Elouadrhiri, L; Eugenio, P; Fedotov, G; Feldman, G; Feuerbach, R J; Funsten, H; Garçon, M; Gavalian, G; Gilfoyle, G P; Giovanetti, K L; Girod, F X; Goetz, J T; Gordon, C I O; Gothe, R W; Griffioen, K A; Guidal, M; Guler, N; Guo, L; Gyurjyan, V; Hadjidakis, C; Hafidi, K; Hakobyan, H; Hakobyan, R S; Hanretty, C; Hardie, J; Hersman, F W; Hicks, K; Hleiqawi, I; Holtrop, M; Hyde-Wright, C E; Ilieva, Y; Ireland, D G; Ishkhanov, B S; Isupov, E L; Ito, M M; Jenkins, D; Jo, H S; Johnstone, J R; Joo, K; Juengst, H G; Kalantarians, N; Kellie, J D; Khandaker, M; Kim, W; Klein, A; Klein, F J; Klimenko, A V; Kossov, M; Krahn, Z; Kramer, L H; Kubarovsky, V; Kuhn, J; Kuhn, S E; Kuleshov, S V; Lachniet, J; Laget, J M; Langheinrich, J; Lawrence, D; Li, Ji; Livingston, K; Lu, H Y; Maccormick, M; Markov, N; Mattione, P; McAleer, S; McKinnon, B; McNabb, J W C; Mecking, B A; Mehrabyan, S; Melone, J J; Mestayer, M D; Meyer, C A; Mibe, T; Mikhailov, K; Minehart, R; Mirazita, M; Miskimen, R; Mokeev, V; Moriya, K; Morrow, S A; Moteabbed, M; Mueller, J; Munevar, E; Mutchler, G S; Nadel-Turonski, P; Niccolai, S; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; Niczyporuk, B B; Niroula, M R; Niyazov, R A; Nozar, M; Osipenko, M; Ostrovidov, A I; Park, K; Pasyuk, E; Paterson, C; Anefalos Pereira, S; Pierce, J; Pivnyuk, N; Pocanic, D; Pogorelko, O; Pozdniakov, S; Preedom, B M; Price, J W; Prok, Y; Protopopescu, D; Raue, B A; Riccardi, G; Ricco, G; Ripani, M; Ritchie, B G; Ronchetti, F; Rosner, G; Rossi, P; Sabatié, F; Salamanca, J; Salgado, C; Santoro, J P; Sapunenko, V; Schumacher, R A; Serov, V S; Sharabian, Y G; Sharov, D; Shvedunov, N V; Smith, E S; Smith, L C; Sober, D I; Sokhan, D; Stavinsky, A; Stepanyan, S S; Stepanyan, S; Stokes, B E; Stoler, P; Strakovsky, I I; Strauch, S; Taiuti, M; Tedeschi, D J; Tkabladze, A; Tkachenko, S; Todor, L; Ungaro, M; Vineyard, M F; Vlassov, A V; Watts, D P; Weinstein, L B; Williams, M; Wolin, E; Yegneswaran, A; Zana, L; Zhang, B; Zhang, J; Zhao, B; Zhao, Z W

    2007-12-31

    The photoproduction of vector mesons on various nuclei has been studied using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Laboratory. The vector mesons, rho, omega, and varphi, are observed via their decay to e;{+}e;{-}, in order to reduce the effects of final-state interactions in the nucleus. Of particular interest are possible in-medium effects on the properties of the rho meson. The rho mass spectrum is extracted from the data on various nuclei, 2H, C, Fe, and Ti. We observe no significant mass shift and some broadening consistent with expected collisional broadening for the rho meson. PMID:18233570

  11. Search for gluonic excitations in light unconventional mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul Eugenio

    2007-07-01

    Studies of meson spectra via strong decays provide insight regarding QCD at the confinement scale. These studies have led to phenomenologicalmodels for QCD such as the constituent quark model. However, QCD allows for a much richer spectrum of meson states which include extra states such as exotics, hybrids, multi-quarks, and glueballs. First discussion of the status of exotic meson searches is given followed by a discussion of plans at Jefferson Lab to double the energy of the machine to 12 GeV, which will allow us to access photoproduction of mesons in search for gluonic excited states.

  12. Phi meson propagation in a hot hadronic gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarez-Ruso, Luis; Koch, Volker

    2002-02-20

    The Hidden Local Symmetry Lagrangian is used to study the interactions of phi mesons with other pseudoscalar and vector mesons in a hadronic gas at finite temperature. We have found a significantly small phi mean free path (less than 2.4 fm at T > 170 MeV) due to large collision rates with rho mesons, kaons and predominantly K* in spite of their heavy mass. This implies that phi mesons produced after hadronization in relativistic heavy ion collisions will not leave the hadronic system without scattering. The effect of these interactions on the time evolution of the phi density in the expanding hadronic fireball is investigated.

  13. Deep inelastic scattering operators in meson-nucleon theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nonrelativistic meson-nucleon theory of deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) of leptons on the deuteron is considered. Explicit expressions of nonrelativistic composed operators of DIS in the framework of the operator product expansion method are obtained in terms of interacting meson-nucleon fields. An analytic expression of the second moment of the structure functions (up to g2 accuracy( is obtained with particular emphasis on self-energy contributions and meson exchange currents (MEC). Deuteron moments are shown to be expressed in terms of constituent (nucleons and mesons) observables. The energy conservation law is restored by taking into account MEC

  14. Meson masses and decay constants from unquenched lattice QCD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report results for the masses of the flavour non-singlet light 0++, 1--, and 1+- mesons from unquenched lattice QCD at two lattice spacings. The twisted mass formalism was used with two flavours of sea quarks. For the 0++ and 1+- mesons we look for the effect of decays on the mass dependence. For the light vector mesons we study the chiral extrapolations of the mass. We report results for the leptonic and transverse decay constants of the meson. We test the mass dependence of the KRSF relations. (orig.)

  15. Phi meson propagation in a hot hadronic gas

    CERN Document Server

    Alvarez-Ruso, L

    2002-01-01

    The Hidden Local Symmetry Lagrangian is used to study the interactions of phi mesons with other pseudoscalar and vector mesons in a hadronic gas at finite temperature. We have found a significantly small phi mean free path (less than 2.4 fm at T > 170 MeV) due to large collision rates with rho mesons, kaons and predominantly K* in spite of their heavy mass. This implies that phi mesons produced after hadronization in relativistic heavy ion collisions will not leave the hadronic system without scattering. The effect of these interactions on the time evolution of the phi density in the expanding hadronic fireball is investigated.

  16. The hybrid mesons quest: the MesonEx experiment at Jefferson Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rizzo, Alessandro [Univ. of Rome Tor Vergata (Italy)

    2016-03-01

    The meson spectroscopy plays nowadays a central role in the investigation of hadron structure thanks to the possible existence of exotic hybrid mesons, quark-antiquark-gluon bound states. Their explicit gluonic degrees of freedom which should clearly emerge from a Partial Wave Analysis (PWA) of the corresponding Dalitz plot of the exotic particle decay, may result in final JPC configurations not allowed in the constituent quark model. Besides this clear signature, hybrid mesons are also expected to have a large particle multiplicity decays, requiring for their search an experimental apparatus with high performances in terms of rate capability, resolution and almost a full acceptance to apply PWA methods. New-generation experiments are planned at Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory (VA, USA) for which an unprecedented statistics of large multiplicity decay events with fully reconstructed kinematics will be available. In particular for the MesonEx (CLAS12) experiment in Hall B, a wide scientific program that will start in 2016 has been deployed to study the meson spectrum at energies up to 11 GeV. A key role in such program is played by the Forward Tagger apparatus of the experiment, which will allow to extend the study of meson electro-production to very low Q2 values, in a quasi-real photo production kinematical region, where the production of hybrid mesons is expected to be favorite. Currently a new analysis framework for the search of the hybrid mesons is being set up by the HASPECT network, an international structure which gather people involved into theoretical and experimental hadronic physics all over the world. The goals of the network is to develop new analysis models and statistical techniques to unfold the signal and background distributions in high-statistics datasets. In this work are briefly presented the first preliminary results from the application of a statistical technique, namely the sPlot, to the data already acquired by the CLAS experiment for

  17. The hybrid mesons quest: the MesonEx experiment at Jefferson Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzo, A.; CLAS Collaboration

    2016-02-01

    The meson spectroscopy plays nowadays a central role in the investigation of hadron structure thanks to the possible existence of exotic hybrid mesons, quark-antiquark-gluon bound states. Their explicit gluonic degrees of freedom which should clearly emerge from a Partial Wave Analysis (PWA) of the corresponding Dalitz plot of the exotic particle decay, may result in final JPC configurations not allowed in the constituent quark model. Besides this clear signature, hybrid mesons are also expected to have a large particle multiplicity decays, requiring for their search an experimental apparatus with high performances in terms of rate capability, resolution and almost a full acceptance to apply PWA methods. New-generation experiments are planned at Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory (VA, USA) for which an unprecedented statistics of large multiplicity decay events with fully reconstructed kinematics will be available. In particular for the MesonEx (CLAS12) experiment in Hall B, a wide scientific program that will start in 2016 has been deployed to study the meson spectrum at energies up to 11 GeV. A key role in such program is played by the Forward Tagger apparatus of the experiment, which will allow to extend the study of meson electro-production to very low Q2 values, in a quasi-real photo production kinematical region, where the production of hybrid mesons is expected to be favorite. Currently a new analysis framework for the search of the hybrid mesons is being set up by the HASPECT network, an international structure which gather people involved into theoretical and experimental hadronic physics all over the world. The goals of the network is to develop new analysis models and statistical techniques to unfold the signal and background distributions in high-statistics datasets. In this work are briefly presented the first preliminary results from the application of a statistical technique, namely the sPlot, to the data already acquired by the CLAS experiment for

  18. Avaliação de reagentes anti-D na detecção dos antígenos D fraco e D parcial Evaluation of anti-D reagents in the detection of weak D and partial D antigens

    OpenAIRE

    Clayton Barros; Márcia Otta; Valeria L. Wakim; Márcia Zaqueroni; Wilson Baleotti Júnior; Lilian Castilho

    2006-01-01

    Anti-soros monoclonais anti-D IgG e IgM têm sido produzidos para substituir os policlonais na determinação do antígeno D. No entanto, pouco se conhece a respeito da utilização destes reagentes na detecção dos antígenos RhD fraco e RhD parcial. Estudos moleculares e sorológicos que possam esclarecer a expressão do antígeno D são importantes para a seleção adequada dos reagentes anti-D utilizados na fenotipagem RhD. Foram analisados anti-soros anti-D monoclonais IgG e IgM quanto à capacidade de...

  19. Neutralization of English Consonants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞彬彬

    2011-01-01

    This paper gives a brief account of English consonant cluster's structure and phonetic features from the perspective of the definition and cause of neutralization of English consonants as well as their distinctive features and oppositions.It comes up with the final conclusion that neutralization exists in only thirteen English consonant clusters,among a large number of consonant clusters.

  20. Chiral Quark-Meson model of N and DELTA with vector mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vector mesons rho, A1 and ω are introduced in the Chiral Quark-Meson Theory (CQMT) of N and Δ. We propose a new viewpoint for developing CQMT from QCD at the mean-field level. The SU(2) x SU(2) chiral Lagrangian incorporates universal coupling. Accordingly, rho is coupled to the conserved isospin current, A to the partially conserved axial-vector current (PCAC), and ω to the conserved baryon current. As a result the only parameter of the model not directly related to experiment is the quark-pion coupling constant. A fully self-consistent mean-field solution to the model is found for fields in the hedgehog ansatz. The vector mesons play a very important role in the system. They contribute significantly to the values of observables and produce a high-quality fit to many data. The classical stability of the system with respect to hedgehog excitations is analyzed through the use of the Quark-Meson RPA equations (QMRPA)

  1. In-medium QCD sum rules for {omega} meson, nucleon and D meson

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, Ronny

    2008-07-01

    The modifications of hadronic properties caused by an ambient nuclear medium are investigated within the scope of QCD sum rules. This is exemplified for the cases of the {omega} meson, the nucleon and the D meson. By virtue of the sum rules, integrated spectral densities of these hadrons are linked to properties of the QCD ground state, quantified in condensates. For the cases of the {omega} meson and the nucleon it is discussed how the sum rules allow a restriction of the parameter range of poorly known four-quark condensates by a comparison of experimental and theoretical knowledge. The catalog of independent four-quark condensates is covered and relations among these condensates are revealed. The behavior of four-quark condensates under the chiral symmetry group and the relation to order parameters of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking are outlined. In this respect, also the QCD condensates appearing in differences of sum rules of chiral partners are investigated. Finally, the effects of an ambient nuclear medium on the D meson are discussed and relevant condensates are identified. (orig.)

  2. In-medium QCD sum rules for ω meson, nucleon and D meson

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The modifications of hadronic properties caused by an ambient nuclear medium are investigated within the scope of QCD sum rules. This is exemplified for the cases of the ω meson, the nucleon and the D meson. By virtue of the sum rules, integrated spectral densities of these hadrons are linked to properties of the QCD ground state, quantified in condensates. For the cases of the ω meson and the nucleon it is discussed how the sum rules allow a restriction of the parameter range of poorly known four-quark condensates by a comparison of experimental and theoretical knowledge. The catalog of independent four-quark condensates is covered and relations among these condensates are revealed. The behavior of four-quark condensates under the chiral symmetry group and the relation to order parameters of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking are outlined. In this respect, also the QCD condensates appearing in differences of sum rules of chiral partners are investigated. Finally, the effects of an ambient nuclear medium on the D meson are discussed and relevant condensates are identified. (orig.)

  3. Measurements of observables in the pion-nucleon system, nuclear a- dependence of heavy quark production and rare decays of D and B mesons. Progress report, 1 December, 1990--15 February, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sadler, M.E.; Isenhower, L.D.

    1992-02-15

    This report discusses research on the following topics: pion-nucleon interactions; detector tomography facility; nuclear dependence of charm and beauty quark production and a study of two-prong decays of neutral D and B mesons; N* collaboration at CEBAF; and pilac experiments. (LSP)

  4. Efficacy, safety, and dose response of intravenous anti-D immune globulin (WinRho SDF) for the treatment of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freiberg, A; Mauger, D

    1998-01-01

    We analyzed data from 20 children treated for acute or chronic idiopathic (immune) thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) at a single institution to determine the relationship between dose of intravenous anti-D immune globulin (WinRho SDF; Nabi, Boca Raton, FL), increase in platelet count, and decrease in hemoglobin in the therapy of ITP. Higher doses of anti-D were clearly associated with a greater therapeutic response in the platelet count, with no increase in hemolysis for both acute and chronic ITP. A significant correlation was found between dose and peak increase in platelet count measured in the 14 days following administration. This effect was present for both acute ITP (17 infusions, P = .0001) and chronic ITP (30 infusions, P = .038). Although hemolysis was seen in nearly all infusions, with a median hemoglobin fall of 1.9 g/dL (range, 0 to 4.2), the decrease in hemoglobin was greater than 2.5 for only three infusions, and the largest fall in hemoglobin (4.2) was in a child with an underlying hemolytic anemia. Furthermore, for both acute and chronic ITP there was no relationship between the decrease in hemoglobin and the dose given (P = .22), nor between the increase in platelet count and fall in hemoglobin (P = .27). This analysis supports the use of higher doses of anti-D for the treatment of ITP, and demonstrates the need for a trial of high-dose anti-D (>100 microg/kg) in acute and chronic ITP. PMID:9523746

  5. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) toward human O+ red cells coated with anti-D antibody: comparison between lymphocyte and monocyte ADCC activity.

    OpenAIRE

    Sunada,Mitsutoshi; Suzuki, Shinya; Ota, Zensuke

    1985-01-01

    We investigated the antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) of lymphocytes and monocytes toward human O+ red cells coated with anti-D antibody using a 51Cr release assay. Lysis of sensitized red cells by lymphocytes occurred rapidly, but monocyte-mediated lysis occurred slowly. This difference might be due to postphagocytic 51Cr release by monocytes. ADCC of lymphocytes increased in proportion to the effector cell number, but large amounts of antibodies were required. In contrast...

  6. Routine antenatal anti-D prophylaxis in women who are Rh(D negative: meta-analyses adjusted for differences in study design and quality.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca M Turner

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: To estimate the effectiveness of routine antenatal anti-D prophylaxis for preventing sensitisation in pregnant Rhesus negative women, and to explore whether this depends on the treatment regimen adopted. METHODS: Ten studies identified in a previous systematic literature search were included. Potential sources of bias were systematically identified using bias checklists, and their impact and uncertainty were quantified using expert opinion. Study results were adjusted for biases and combined, first in a random-effects meta-analysis and then in a random-effects meta-regression analysis. RESULTS: In a conventional meta-analysis, the pooled odds ratio for sensitisation was estimated as 0.25 (95% CI 0.18, 0.36, comparing routine antenatal anti-D prophylaxis to control, with some heterogeneity (I²  =  19%. However, this naïve analysis ignores substantial differences in study quality and design. After adjusting for these, the pooled odds ratio for sensitisation was estimated as 0.31 (95% CI 0.17, 0.56, with no evidence of heterogeneity (I²  =  0%. A meta-regression analysis was performed, which used the data available from the ten anti-D prophylaxis studies to inform us about the relative effectiveness of three licensed treatments. This gave an 83% probability that a dose of 1250 IU at 28 and 34 weeks is most effective and a 76% probability that a single dose of 1500 IU at 28-30 weeks is least effective. CONCLUSION: There is strong evidence for the effectiveness of routine antenatal anti-D prophylaxis for prevention of sensitisation, in support of the policy of offering routine prophylaxis to all non-sensitised pregnant Rhesus negative women. All three licensed dose regimens are expected to be effective.

  7. Leptonic Decays of Charged Pseudoscalar Mesons - 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosner, Jonathan L. [Chicago U., EFI; Stone, Sheldon [Syracuse U.; Van de Water, Ruth S. [Fermilab

    2015-09-07

    We review the physics of purely leptonic decays of $\\pi^\\pm$, $K^\\pm$, $D^{\\pm}$, $D_s^\\pm$, and $B^\\pm$ pseudoscalar mesons. The measured decay rates are related to the product of the relevant weak-interaction-based CKM matrix element of the constituent quarks and a strong interaction parameter related to the overlap of the quark and antiquark wave-functions in the meson, called the decay constant $f_P$. The leptonic decay constants for $\\pi^\\pm$, $K^\\pm$, $D^{\\pm}$, $D_s^\\pm$, and $B^\\pm$ mesons can be obtained with controlled theoretical uncertainties and high precision from {\\it ab initio} lattice-QCD simulations. The combination of experimental leptonic decay-rate measurements and theoretical decay-constant calculations enables the determination of several elements of the CKM matrix within the standard model. These determinations are competitive with those obtained from semileptonic decays, and also complementary because they are sensitive to different quark flavor-changing currents. They can also be used to test the unitarity of the first and second rows of the CKM matrix. Conversely, taking the CKM elements predicted by unitarity, one can infer "experimental" values for $f_P$ that can be compared with theory. These provide tests of lattice-QCD methods, provided new-physics contributions to leptonic decays are negligible at the current level of precision. This review is the basis of the article in the Particle Data Group's 2016 edition, updating the versions in Refs. [1-3].

  8. Mesonic and isobar modes in matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riek, Felix C.

    2007-07-01

    Experiments with heavy ion collisions, like the ones performed at the GSI, are a tool to gain insight in the structure of matter. One key point needed to understand the experimental data is the theoretical description of the in medium properties of mesons and baryons. In this thesis we first developed a self-consistent description for the light vector mesons, {rho} and {omega}, and the pion at finite temperature and in a baryon free environment. A generalisation of these calculations towards finite densities mandatorily needs a reliable description for the pion and the {delta}(1232) resonance. Here we extended the approaches discussed in literature by the inclusion of vertex corrections and a selfconsistent and completely relativistic description. Within these models we were able to show that even at high temperatures the {rho}-meson properties are not changed dramatically when temperature effects are considered only. In contrast to this the behaviour of the pion and the {delta}-isobar is dramatically changed a finite density. The isobar mass-shift is given by an appropriate choice of the mean-fields. Therefore we can not draw a final conclusion about such shifts within our model. In order to do so more calculations, especially of the photo absorption on the nucleus, have to be performed. A further aspect of the calculations presented is that due to a consistent consideration of vertex corrections we were able to achieve a description of the {delta}-resonance without the usually used soft formfactor. This is especially important for the in-medium calculations because only in this way we can guarantee that soft modes of the spectrum are treated consistently. The techniques developed within this thesis allow for a straight forward generalisation of the presented models with respect to the consideration of more resonances or couplings. Doing so the here obtained description of the in-medium properties of the considered particles can be refined. (orig.)

  9. Beauty vector meson decay constants from QCD sum rules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lucha, Wolfgang [Institute for High Energy Physics, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Nikolsdorfergasse 18, A-1050 Vienna (Austria); Melikhov, Dmitri [Institute for High Energy Physics, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Nikolsdorfergasse 18, A-1050 Vienna (Austria); D. V. Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991, Moscow (Russian Federation); Simula, Silvano [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146, Roma (Italy)

    2016-01-22

    We present the outcomes of a very recent investigation of the decay constants of nonstrange and strange heavy-light beauty vector mesons, with special emphasis on the ratio of any such decay constant to the decay constant of the corresponding pseudoscalar meson, by means of Borel-transformed QCD sum rules. Our results suggest that both these ratios are below unity.

  10. Beauty Vector Meson Decay Constants from QCD Sum Rules

    CERN Document Server

    Lucha, Wolfgang; Simula, Silvano

    2016-01-01

    We present the outcomes of a very recent investigation of the decay constants of nonstrange and strange heavy-light beauty vector mesons, with special emphasis on the ratio of any such decay constant to the decay constant of the corresponding pseudoscalar meson, by means of Borel-transformed QCD sum rules. Our results suggest that both these ratios are below unity.

  11. Mesons at finite baryon density in (2+1)d

    CERN Document Server

    Strouthos, C G

    2003-01-01

    We discuss the critical properies of the three-dimensional Gross-Neveu model at nonzero temperature and nonzero chemical potential. We also present numerical and analytical results for the in-medium interaction due to scalar meson exchange. Further, we discuss in-medium modifications of mesonic dispersion relations and wavefunctions.

  12. Beauty vector meson decay constants from QCD sum rules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the outcomes of a very recent investigation of the decay constants of nonstrange and strange heavy-light beauty vector mesons, with special emphasis on the ratio of any such decay constant to the decay constant of the corresponding pseudoscalar meson, by means of Borel-transformed QCD sum rules. Our results suggest that both these ratios are below unity

  13. Determining the quantum numbers of excited heavy mesons

    OpenAIRE

    Eilam, Gad; Krauss, Frank

    2000-01-01

    We discuss the decays X^* -> Xe^+e^- (``Dalitz decays'') of excited heavy mesons into their ground states and an electron-positron pair. We argue that the measurement of the invariant mass spectrum of the lepton pair gives clear indication on the quantum numbers of the excited meson and thus provides an experimental test of the quark model predictions.

  14. Recent trends in the mesonic description of nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey is given of some recent developments in the domain of meson induced phenomena in nuclei. The manifestations of mesonic degrees of freedom are considered in the context of exchange currents as well as that of effective interactions. The significance of past successes is reexamined in the light of recent progress towards a QCD based nuclear theory

  15. Beauty vector meson decay constants from QCD sum rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucha, Wolfgang; Melikhov, Dmitri; Simula, Silvano

    2016-01-01

    We present the outcomes of a very recent investigation of the decay constants of nonstrange and strange heavy-light beauty vector mesons, with special emphasis on the ratio of any such decay constant to the decay constant of the corresponding pseudoscalar meson, by means of Borel-transformed QCD sum rules. Our results suggest that both these ratios are below unity.

  16. [A RhD negative patient failed to produce detectable anti-D after transfusion of 35 units of RhD positive red blood cells].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Won Mok; Kim, Ji Hae; Ha, Jung Sook; Ryoo, Nam Hee; Jeon, Dong Seok; Kim, Jae Ryong; Cho, Duck

    2007-10-01

    In the present day, pretransfusion tests include ABO and RhD grouping, antibody screening, antibody identification, and cross matching. Although error rates for these tests have decreased compared to those in the past, clerical errors still occur. When exposed to RhD positive RBCs, a RhD negative person can produce anti-D that causes a severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and the newborn in addition to hemolytic transfusion reactions. Therefore, administration of RhD positive RBCs to a RhD negative person should be avoided. We experienced a RhD negative patient who had been misidentified as positive and transfused 35 units of RhD positive RBCs eight years ago, but did not have detectable anti-D in present. The red cells of the patient showed no agglutination with the anti-D reagent and a negative result in the standard weak D test. The multiplex PCR with sequence-specific priming revealed that the patient was RhD negative. PMID:18094603

  17. Anti-D (WinRho SD) treatment of children with chronic autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura stimulates transient cytokine/chemokine production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semple, J W; Allen, D; Rutherford, M; Woloski, M; David, M; Wakefield, C; Butchart, S; Freedman, J; Blanchette, V

    2002-03-01

    Intravenous anti-D is often used in the treatment of autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura (AITP), but little is known about its mechanisms of action. To investigate anti-D's potential in vivo mechanism(s) of action, a small group (N = 7) of children with chronic AITP was studied. The children initially received either 25 or 50 microg/kg of WinRho-SD in a four-cycle cross-over trial, and peripheral blood samples from the first and third cycles were assessed for cytokine levels at pre-treatment, 3 hr, 1 day, and 8 days post-treatment. Results showed that platelet counts significantly increased in all the children by day 8 post-treatment. Analysis of serum by ELISA showed that there was a significant but transient rise in both pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine/chemokine levels (e.g., IL1RA, IL6, GM-CSF, MCP-1 alpha, TNF-alpha and MCP-1) by 3 hr post-treatment in both cycles which returned to baseline levels by 8 days post-treatment. These results suggest that anti-D administration may initially activate the RES in the form of cytokine/chemokine secretion, which is subsequently followed by an increase in platelet counts. It is possible that the induced cytokine/chemokine storm may have an effect on several physiological processes such as those mediating either adverse effects or potentially RES phagocytic activity. PMID:11891813

  18. Immunogenic and antigenic epitopes of immunoglobulins binding of human monoclonal anti-D antibodies to FcRI on the monocyte-like U937 cell line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, M R; Kumpel, B M; Thompson, K; Woof, J M; Burton, D R; Jefferis, R

    1988-01-01

    Seventeen human monoclonal IgG1- or IgG3 anti-D-secreting clones have been examined for their ability to sensitise O+ red cells for Fc-receptor-mediated rosette formation with U937 cells. IgG3 but not IgG1 anti-D antibodies were able to mediate stable rosette formation with unstimulated U937 cells via interaction with the FcRI receptor. Decreasing FcRI density by incubating U937 cells with di-butyryl cAMP almost completely abolished rosette formation, whilst increasing FcRI density by incubating U937 cells with interferon-gamma increased the percentage of cells forming rosettes with IgG3- and IgG1-sensitised red cells. These data suggest that rosette formation between IgG anti-D-sensitised red cells and FcRI-expressing cells is dependent upon the density of IgG3 on the red cell surface, the density of FcRI on the effector cell, multiple FcRI/IgG interactions are required for stable rosette formation and that more FcRI/IgG1 than FcRI/IgG3 interactions are required. PMID:2464239

  19. Meson Mass Decomposition from Lattice QCD

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Yi-Bo; Chen, Ying; Draper, Terrence; Gong, Ming; Liu, Keh-Fei; Liu, Zhaofeng; Ma, Jian-Ping

    2014-01-01

    Hadron masses can be decomposed as a sum of quark and glue components which are defined through hadronic matrix elements of QCD operators. The components consist of the quark mass term, the quark energy term, the glue energy term, and the trace anomaly term. We calculate these components for mesons with lattice QCD for the first time. The calculation is carried out with overlap fermion on $2+1$ flavor domain-wall fermion gauge configurations. We confirm that $\\sim 50\\%$ of the light pion mass...

  20. Spectroscopic properties of the B meson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devlani Nayneshkumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigation of the B(bq̄; q = u, d meson properties is carried out using variational method within phenomenological quark antiquark potential(coulomb plus power model using the Gaussian wave function. O(1/m correction to the potential energy term and relativistic corrections to the kinetic energy term of the hamiltonian are incorporated. Spin-orbit, spin-spin and tensor interactions are employed to obtain the mass spectra. Various other properties such as the decay constants, e1 and m1 transitions are also obtained

  1. Status of Meson Photoproduction Experiments with CLAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pasyuk, Eugene A.

    2014-01-01

    A large part of the experimental program in Hall B of the Jefferson Lab is dedicated to baryon spectroscopy. Meson photoproduction experiments are essential part of this program. CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) and availability of circularly and linearly polarized tagged photon beams in combination with longitudinally and transversely polarized frozen spin targets provide unique conditions for this type of experiments. For the first time, a complete or nearly complete measurement became possible and will allow model independent extraction of the reaction amplitude. The measurements were complete with both proton and deuteron targets. An overview of the collected experimental data will be presented.

  2. Elastic Electroproduction of $\\rho$ Mesons at HERA

    OpenAIRE

    Adloff, C.; Andreev, V.; Andrieu, B.; Arkadov, V.; Astvatsatourov, A.; Ayyaz, I.; Babaev, A.; Bahr, J.; Baranov, P.; Barrelet, E.; Bartel, W.; Bassler, U.; Bate, P.; Beglarian, A.; Behnke, O.

    2000-01-01

    The elastic electroproduction of rho mesons is studied at HERA with the H1 detector for a photon virtuality in the range 1 Q^2 60 GeV^2 and for a hadronic centre of mass energy in the range 30 W 140 GeV. The shape of the pipi mass distribution in the rho resonance region is measured as a function of Q^2. The full set of rho spin density matrix elements is determined, and evidence is found for a helicity flip amplitude at the level of 8 +- 3 % of the non-flip amplitudes. Measurements are prese...

  3. Theoretical aspects of light meson spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barnes, T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Computational and Theoretical Physics Group]|[Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

    1995-12-31

    In this pedagogical review the authors discuss the theoretical understanding of light hadron spectroscopy in terms of QCD and the quark model. They begin with a summary of the known and surmised properties of QCD and confinement. Following this they review the nonrelativistic quark potential model for q{anti q} mesons and discuss the quarkonium spectrum and methods for identifying q{anti q} states. Finally, they review theoretical expectations for non-q{anti q} states (glueballs, hybrids and multiquark systems) and the status of experimental candidates for these states.

  4. Probing the perturbative dynamics of exclusive meson pair production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harland-Lang, L.A., E-mail: lucian.harland-lang@durham.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, University of Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Khoze, V.A. [Department of Physics and Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, University of Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, NRC Kurchatov Institute, Gatchina, St. Petersburg, 188300 (Russian Federation); Ryskin, M.G. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, NRC Kurchatov Institute, Gatchina, St. Petersburg, 188300 (Russian Federation); Stirling, W.J. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J.J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

    2013-10-01

    We present the results of a recent novel application of the ‘hard exclusive’ perturbative formalism to the process gg→MM{sup ¯} at large angles, where M (M{sup ¯}) is a light meson (anti-meson). As well as discussing the important theoretical features of the relevant leading-order gg→qq{sup ¯}(gg)qq{sup ¯}(gg) 6-parton amplitudes, we also comment on their phenomenological implications. In particular, we consider the central exclusive production of meson pairs at comparatively large transverse momentum k{sub ⊥}, which is expected to proceed via this mechanism. We show that this leads to various non-trivial predictions for a range of exclusive processes, and that the cross sections for the η{sup ′} and η mesons display significant sensitivity to any valence gg component of the meson wavefunctions.

  5. Probing the perturbative dynamics of exclusive meson pair production

    CERN Document Server

    Harland-Lang, L A; Ryskin, M G; Stirling, W J

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of a recent novel application of the `hard exclusive' perturbative formalism to the process gg --> MMbar at large angles, where M (Mbar) is a light meson (anti-meson). As well as discussing the important theoretical features of the relevant leading-order gg --> qqbar(gg) qqbar(gg) 6-parton amplitudes, we also comment on their phenomenological implications. In particular, we consider the central exclusive production of meson pairs at comparatively large transverse momentum k_t, which is expected to proceed via this mechanism. We show that this leads to various non-trivial predictions for a range of exclusive processes, and that the cross sections for the eta' and eta mesons display significant sensitivity to any valence gg component of the meson wavefunctions.

  6. Probing the perturbative dynamics of exclusive meson pair production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harland-Lang, L. A.; Khoze, V. A.; Ryskin, M. G.; Stirling, W. J.

    2013-10-01

    We present the results of a recent novel application of the 'hard exclusive' perturbative formalism to the process gg → MMbar at large angles, where M (Mbar) is a light meson (anti-meson). As well as discussing the important theoretical features of the relevant leading-order gg → qqbar (gg) qqbar (gg) 6-parton amplitudes, we also comment on their phenomenological implications. In particular, we consider the central exclusive production of meson pairs at comparatively large transverse momentum k⊥, which is expected to proceed via this mechanism. We show that this leads to various non-trivial predictions for a range of exclusive processes, and that the cross sections for the η‧ and η mesons display significant sensitivity to any valence gg component of the meson wavefunctions.

  7. Quantum chromodynamics with infinite number of vector mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is supposed that families of vector mesons ρ, ψ, Υ contain an infinite number of resonances with gradually increasing widths. The asymptotic freedom requirement involves a relationship between the electronic width of a resonance and its mass derivative over the number. Using of this relationship it is shown that for the families of ψ and Υ mesons the moment from experimental function R(s)is egual to the sum of the moment from a bare quark loop and the edge term which arised from replacing of summation by integration. These equalities are fulfilled up to 1% for 60 moments in the ψ-meson family and up to 2% for 96 moments in the Υ-meson family. The electronic widths of the considered resonances and the ρ-meson mass are calculated

  8. Rapidity resummation for $B$-meson wave functions

    CERN Document Server

    Shen, Yue-Long

    2014-01-01

    Transverse-momentum dependent (TMD) hadronic wave functions develop light-cone divergences under QCD corrections, which are commonly regularized by the rapidity $\\zeta$ of gauge vector defining the non-light-like Wilson lines. The yielding rapidity logarithms from infrared enhancement need to be resummed for both hadronic wave functions and short-distance functions, to achieve scheme-independent calculations of physical quantities. We briefly review the recent progress on the rapidity resummation for $B$-meson wave functions which are the key ingredients of TMD factorization formulae for radiative-leptonic, semi-leptonic and non-leptonic $B$-meson decays. The crucial observation is that rapidity resummation induces a strong suppression of $B$-meson wave functions at small light-quark momentum, strengthening the applicability of TMD factorization in exclusive $B$-meson decays. The phenomenological consequence of rapidity-resummation improved $B$-meson wave functions is further discussed in the context of $B \\t...

  9. B_s-anti-B_s Mixing in Z' Models with Flavor-Changing Neutral Currents

    OpenAIRE

    Barger, Vernon; Chiang, Cheng-Wei; Jiang, Jing; Langacker, Paul

    2004-01-01

    In models with an extra U(1)' gauge boson family non-universal couplings to the weak eigenstates of the standard model fermions generally induce flavor-changing neutral currents. This phenomenon leads to interesting results in various B meson decays, for which recent data indicate hints of new physics involving significant contributions from b -> s transitions. We analyze the B_s system, emphasizing the effects of a Z' on the mass difference and CP asymmetries.

  10. Constraining New Physics with D meson decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barranco, J.; Delepine, D.; Gonzalez Macias, V. [Departamento de Física, División de Ciencias e Ingeniería, Universidad de Guanajuato, Campus León, León 37150 (Mexico); Lopez-Lozano, L. [Departamento de Física, División de Ciencias e Ingeniería, Universidad de Guanajuato, Campus León, León 37150 (Mexico); Área Académica de Matemáticas y Física, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Carr. Pachuca-Tulancingo Km. 4.5, C.P. 42184, Pachuca, HGO (Mexico)

    2014-04-04

    Latest Lattice results on D form factors evaluation from first principles show that the Standard Model (SM) branching ratios prediction for the leptonic D{sub s}→ℓν{sub ℓ} decays and the semileptonic SM branching ratios of the D{sup 0} and D{sup +} meson decays are in good agreement with the world average experimental measurements. It is possible to disprove New Physics hypothesis or find bounds over several models beyond the SM. Using the observed leptonic and semileptonic branching ratios for the D meson decays, we performed a combined analysis to constrain non-standard interactions which mediate the cs{sup ¯}→lν{sup ¯} transition. This is done either by a model-independent way through the corresponding Wilson coefficients or in a model-dependent way by finding the respective bounds over the relevant parameters for some models beyond the Standard Model. In particular, we obtain bounds for the Two Higgs Doublet Model Type-II and Type III, the Left–Right model, the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with explicit R-parity violation and Leptoquarks. Finally, we estimate the transverse polarization of the lepton in the D{sup 0} decay and we found it can be as high as P{sub T}=0.23.

  11. Precision measurement of $D$ meson mass differences

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, R; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Adrover, C; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves Jr, A A; Amato, S; Amerio, S; Amhis, Y; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Baesso, C; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beddow, J; Bedeschi, F; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Benayoun, M; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M -O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Burducea, I; Bursche, A; Busetto, G; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Campora Perez, D; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, P; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D C; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; David, P; David, P N Y; Davis, A; De Bonis, I; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Del Buono, L; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Dijkstra, H; Dogaru, M; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; van Eijk, D; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Elsby, D; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Fardell, G; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Fave, V; Ferguson, D; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fiore, M; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furcas, S; Furfaro, E; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garosi, P; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gibson, V; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Hartmann, T; He, J; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Hicks, E; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hopchev, P; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jans, E; Jaton, P; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Jost, B; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kenyon, I R; Kerzel, U; Ketel, T; Keune, A; Khanji, B; Kochebina, O; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J -P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leo, S; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Leverington, B; Li, Y; Li Gioi, L; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Liu, B; Liu, G; Lohn, S; Longstaff, I; Lopes, J H; Lopez Asamar, E; Lopez-March, N; Lu, H; Lucchesi, D; Luisier, J; Luo, H; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Marconi, U; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martin, L; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martins Tostes, D; Massafferri, A; Matev, R; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Maurice, E; Mazurov, A; McCarthy, J; McNab, A; McNulty, R; Meadows, B; Meier, F; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Milanes, D A; Minard, M -N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morawski, P; Morello, M J; Mountain, R; Mous, I; Muheim, F; Müller, K; Muresan, R; Muryn, B; Muster, B; Naik, P; Nakada, T; Nandakumar, R; Nasteva, I; Needham, M; Neufeld, N; Nguyen, A D; Nguyen, T D; Nguyen-Mau, C; Nicol, M; Niess, V; Niet, R; Nikitin, N; Nikodem, T; Nomerotski, A; Novoselov, A; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V; Oggero, S; Ogilvy, S; Okhrimenko, O; Oldeman, R; Orlandea, M; Otalora Goicochea, J M; Owen, P; Oyanguren, A; Pal, B K; Palano, A; Palutan, M; Panman, J; Papanestis, A; Pappagallo, M; Parkes, C; Parkinson, C J; Passaleva, G; Patel, G D; Patel, M; Patrick, G N; Patrignani, C; Pavel-Nicorescu, C; Pazos Alvarez, A; Pellegrino, A; Penso, G; Pepe Altarelli, M; Perazzini, S; Perego, D L; Perez Trigo, E; Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, A; Perret, P; Perrin-Terrin, M; Pessina, G; Petridis, K; Petrolini, A; Phan, A; Picatoste Olloqui, E; Pietrzyk, B; Pilař, T; Pinci, D; Playfer, S; Plo Casasus, M; Polci, F; Polok, G; Poluektov, A; Polycarpo, E; Popov, D; Popovici, B; Potterat, C; Powell, A; Prisciandaro, J; Pugatch, V; Puig Navarro, A; Punzi, G; Qian, W; Rademacker, J H; Rakotomiaramanana, B; Rangel, M S; Raniuk, I; Rauschmayr, N; Raven, G; Redford, S; Reid, M M; dos Reis, A C; Ricciardi, S; Richards, A; Rinnert, K; Rives Molina, V; Roa Romero, D A; Robbe, P; Rodrigues, E; Rodriguez Perez, P; Roiser, S; Romanovsky, V; Romero Vidal, A; Rouvinet, J; Ruf, T; Ruffini, F; Ruiz, H; Ruiz Valls, P; Sabatino, G; Saborido Silva, J J; Sagidova, N; Sail, P; Saitta, B; Salzmann, C; Sanmartin Sedes, B; Sannino, M; Santacesaria, R; Santamarina Rios, C; Santovetti, E; Sapunov, M; Sarti, A; Satriano, C; Satta, A; Savrie, M; Savrina, D; Schaack, P; Schiller, M; Schindler, H; Schlupp, M; Schmelling, M; Schmidt, B; Schneider, O; Schopper, A; Schune, M -H; Schwemmer, R; Sciascia, B; Sciubba, A; Seco, M; Semennikov, A; Senderowska, K; Sepp, I; Serra, N; Serrano, J; Seyfert, P; Shapkin, M; Shapoval, I; Shatalov, P; Shcheglov, Y; Shears, T; Shekhtman, L; Shevchenko, O; Shevchenko, V; Shires, A; Silva Coutinho, R; Skwarnicki, T; Smith, N A; Smith, E; Smith, M; Sokoloff, M D; Soler, F J P; Soomro, F; Souza, D; Souza De Paula, B; Spaan, B; Sparkes, A; Spradlin, P; Stagni, F; Stahl, S; Steinkamp, O; Stoica, S; Stone, S; Storaci, B; Straticiuc, M; Straumann, U; Subbiah, V K; Swientek, S; Syropoulos, V; Szczekowski, M; Szczypka, P; Szumlak, T; T'Jampens, S; Teklishyn, M; Teodorescu, E; Teubert, F; Thomas, C; Thomas, E; van Tilburg, J; Tisserand, V; Tobin, M; Tolk, S; Tonelli, D; Topp-Joergensen, S; Torr, N; Tournefier, E; Tourneur, S; Tran, M T; Tresch, M; Tsaregorodtsev, A; Tsopelas, P; Tuning, N; Ubeda Garcia, M; Ukleja, A; Urner, D; Uwer, U; Vagnoni, V; Valenti, G; Vazquez Gomez, R; Vazquez Regueiro, P; Vecchi, S; Velthuis, J J; Veltri, M; Veneziano, G; Vesterinen, M; Viaud, B; Vieira, D; Vilasis-Cardona, X; Vollhardt, A; Volyanskyy, D; Voong, D; Vorobyev, A; Vorobyev, V; Voß, C; Voss, H; Waldi, R; Wallace, R; Wandernoth, S; Wang, J; Ward, D R; Watson, N K; Webber, A D; Websdale, D; Whitehead, M; Wicht, J; Wiechczynski, J; Wiedner, D; Wiggers, L; Wilkinson, G; Williams, M P; Williams, M; Wilson, F F; Wishahi, J; Witek, M; Wotton, S A; Wright, S; Wu, S; Wyllie, K; Xie, Y; Xing, F; Xing, Z; Yang, Z; Young, R; Yuan, X; Yushchenko, O; Zangoli, M; Zavertyaev, M; Zhang, F; Zhang, L; Zhang, W C; Zhang, Y; Zhelezov, A; Zhokhov, A; Zhong, L; Zvyagin, A

    2013-01-01

    Using three- and four-body decays of $D$ mesons produced in semileptonic $b$-hadron decays, precision measurements of $D$ meson mass differences are made together with a measurement of the $D^{0}$ mass. The measurements are based on a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{-1}$ collected in $pp$ collisions at 7~TeV. Using the decay $D^0 \\rightarrow K^{+} K^{-} K^{-} \\pi^{+}$, the $D^0$ mass is measured to be \\begin{alignat*}{3} M(D^0) \\phantom{ghd} &=&~1864.75 \\pm 0.15 \\,({\\rm stat}) \\pm 0.11 \\,({\\rm syst}) \\, \\textrm{MeV}/c^2. \\end{alignat*} The mass differences \\begin{alignat*}{3} M(D^{+}) - M(D^{0}) &=& 4.76 \\pm 0.12 \\,({\\rm stat}) \\pm 0.07 \\,({\\rm syst}) \\, \\textrm{MeV}/c^2, \\\\ M(D^{+}_s) - M(D^{+}) &=& \\phantom{00}98.68 \\pm 0.03 \\,({\\rm stat}) \\pm 0.04 \\,({\\rm syst}) \\, \\textrm{MeV}/c^2 \\end{alignat*} are measured using the $D^0 \\rightarrow K^{+} K^{-} \\pi^{+} \\pi^{-}$ and $D^{+}_{(s)} \\rightarrow K^{+}K^{-} \\pi^{+}$ modes.

  12. Photoproduction of $\\eta '$-mesons off the deuteron

    CERN Document Server

    Jaegle, I; Fix, A; Huang, F; Nakayama, K; Tiator, L; Anisovich, A V; Bacelar, J C S; Bantes, B; Bartholomy, O; Bayadilov, D E; Beck, R; Beloglazov, Y A; Castelijns, R; Crede, V; Dutz, H; Elsner, D; Ewald, R; Frommberger, F; Funke, C; Gregor, R; Gridnev, A B; Gutz, E; Hillert, W; Hoeffgen, S; Junkersfeld, J; Kalinowsky, H; Kammer, S; Kleber, V; Klein, Frank; Klein, Friedrich; Klempt, E; Kotulla, M; Krusche, B; Lang, M; Loehner, H; Lopatin, I V; Lugert, S; Menze, D; Messchendorp, J G; Metag, V; Nikonov, V A; Nanova, M; Novinski, D V; Novotny, R; Ostrick, M; Pant, L M; van Pee, H; Pfeiffer, M; Roy, A; Sarantsev, A V; Schadmand, S; Schmidt, C; Schmieden, H; Schoch, B; Shende, S V; Sokhoyan, V; Suele, A; Sumachev, V V; Szczepanek, T; Thoma, U; Trnka, D; Varma, R; Walther, D; Wendel, C

    2010-01-01

    Quasi-free photoproduction of $\\eta '$ mesons off nucleons bound in the deuteron has been measured with the combined Crystal Barrel - TAPS detector. The experiment was done at a tagged photon beam of the ELSA electron accelerator in Bonn for incident photon energies from the production threshold up to 2.5 GeV. The $\\eta '$-mesons have been detected in coincidence with recoil protons and recoil neutrons. The quasi-free proton data are in good agreement with the results for free protons, indicating that nuclear effects have no significant impact. The coincidence with recoil neutrons provides the first data for the $\\gamma n \\rightarrow n\\eta '$ reaction. In addition, also first estimates for coherent $\\eta '$-production off the deuteron have been obtained. In agreement with model predictions, the total cross section for this channel is found to be very small, at most at the level of a few nb. The data are compared to model calculations taking into account contributions from nucleon resonances and $t$-channel ex...

  13. Asymmetric vector mesons produced in nuclear collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Dremin, I M

    2016-01-01

    It is argued that the experimentally observed phenomenon of asymmetric shapes of vector mesons produced in nuclear media during high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions can be explained as Fano-Feshbach resonances. It has been observed that the mass distributions of lepton pairs created at meson decays decline from the traditional Breit-Wigner shape with some excess in the low-mass wing of the resonance. It is clear that the whole phenomenon is related to some interaction with the nuclear medium. Moreover, it can be further detalized in quantum mechanics as the interference of direct and continuum states in Fano-Feshbach effect. To reveal the nature of the interaction it is proposed to use a phenomenological model of the additional contribution due to Cherenkov gluons. They can be created because of the excess of the refractivity index over 1 just in the low-mass wing as required by the classical Cherenkov treatment. In quantum mechanics, this requirement is related to the positive real part of the interaction ...

  14. Beautiful mesons from QCD spectral sum rules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Narison, S.

    1988-08-18

    We apply q/sup 2/ = 0 moments within n (number of derivatives) and t/sub c/ (continuum threshold) stability criteria to the beautiful-meson systems. The optimal predictions are reached for the same ranges of n and t/sub c/ values leading to the previous estimate of the decay constant f/sub B/. The QCD scales (b-quark 'physical' mass, mixed and four-quark condensates) are strongly constrained by the observed B and B/sup */ masses. The predictions for the S- and P-state splittings are much affected by the definition of the b-quark mass (pole or euclidian) entering into the Wilson coefficients of the non-perturbative condensates. The size of the SU(3)/sub F/ breaking on the mass splittings cannot be accurately predicted due to the imprecise value of the / condensate ratio. We present new predictions for the B/sub c/ and B/sub c//sup */ mesons.

  15. Meson Electro-/Photo-Production from QCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briceño, Raúl A.

    2016-07-01

    Recent results of meson photo-production at the existing electron machines with polarized real photon beams and the measurement of polarization observables of the final state baryons have provided high precision data that led to the discovery of new excited nucleon and Δ states using multi-channel partial wave analyses procedures. The internal structure of several prominent excited states has been revealed employing meson electroproduction processes. On the theoretical front, lattice QCD is now predicting the baryon spectrum with very similar characteristics as the constituent quark model, and continuum QCD, such as is represented in the Dyson-Schwinger equations approach and in light front relativistic quark models, describes the non-perturbative behavior of resonance excitations at photon virtuality of Q^2 > 1.5 GeV^2 . In this talk I discuss the need to continue a vigorous program of nucleon spectroscopy and the study of the internal structure of excited states as a way to reveal the effective degrees of freedom underlying the excited states and their dependence on the distance scale probed.

  16. Study of $\\pi^{-}$p Interactions with Neutral Final States

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    This experiment is a study of the production of neutral particles or states decaying into photons in the reaction @p|- + p @A M|0 + n at SPS energies. \\\\ \\\\ Special attention is paid to the measurement of the production of heavy particles with hidden quantum numbers and of possible new heavy spinless states decaying into two photons. \\\\ \\\\ The large four-momentum transfer behaviour of binary processes involving known neutral mesons and the production of new meson resonances with high mass and spin will also be studied. Complex multiparticle final states will be analysed as a by-product.\\\\ \\\\ The central unit of the experimental set-up is a 4000 cell Cerenkov hodoscope spectrometer (GAMS) which allows the measurement of the momentum vector of each $\\gamma$ in a multigamma event. \\\\ \\\\ The longitudinal position of the interaction point in the liquid hydrogen target is measured by the Cerenkov light intensity. \\\\ \\\\ A guard system, made of scintillation counters and lead-glass Cerenkov counters, is used to trigg...

  17. A niche for neutrality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adler, Peter B; Hillerislambers, Janneke; Levine, Jonathan M

    2007-02-01

    Ecologists now recognize that controversy over the relative importance of niches and neutrality cannot be resolved by analyzing species abundance patterns. Here, we use classical coexistence theory to reframe the debate in terms of stabilizing mechanisms (niches) and fitness equivalence (neutrality). The neutral model is a special case where stabilizing mechanisms are absent and species have equivalent fitness. Instead of asking whether niches or neutral processes structure communities, we advocate determining the degree to which observed diversity reflects strong stabilizing mechanisms overcoming large fitness differences or weak stabilization operating on species of similar fitness. To answer this question, we propose combining data on per capita growth rates with models to: (i) quantify the strength of stabilizing processes; (ii) quantify fitness inequality and compare it with stabilization; and (iii) manipulate frequency dependence in growth to test the consequences of stabilization and fitness equivalence for coexistence. PMID:17257097

  18. The phi-meson and Chiral-mass-meson production in heavy-ion collisions as potential probes of quark-gluon-plasma and Chiral symmetry transitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Y.; Eby, P. B.

    1985-01-01

    Possibilities of observing abundances of phi mesons and narrow hadronic pairs, as results of QGP and Chiral transitions, are considered for nucleus-nucleus interactions. Kinematical requirements in forming close pairs are satisfied in K+K decays of S(975) and delta (980) mesons with small phi, and phi (91020) mesons with large PT, and in pi-pi decays of familiar resonance mesons only in a partially restored chiral symmetry. Gluon-gluon dominance in QGP can enhance phi meson production. High hadronization rates of primordial resonance mesons which form narrow hadronic pairs are not implausible. Past cosmic ray evidences of anomalous phi production and narrow pair abundances are considered.

  19. Neutral quark matter in a Nambu-Jona Lasinio model with vector interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Abuki, H; Ruggieri, M

    2009-01-01

    We investigate the three flavor Nambu-Jona Lasinio model of neutral quark matter at zero temperature and finite density, keeping into account the scalar, the pseudoscalar and the Kobayashi-Maskawa-'t Hooft interactions as well as the repulsive vector plus axial-vector interaction terms (vector extended NJL, VENJL in the following). We focus on the effect of the vector interaction on the chiral restoration at finite density in neutral matter. We also study the evolution of the charged pseudoscalar meson energies as a function of the quark chemical potential.

  20. Neural network based neutral particles reconstruction with the E687 hadron calorimeter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arena, V.; Boca, G.; Bonomi, G.; Gérard, G.; Gianini, G.; Marchesotti, M.; Merlo, M.; Ratti, S. P.; Riccardi, C.; Viola, L.; Vitulo, P.; Buchholz, D.; Claes, D.; O'Reilly, B.

    1996-02-01

    We present a neutral particle reconstruction algorithm based on a neural network approach applied to the E687 hadron calorimeter. A measurement of the invariant mass of the Σ± → nπ± is presented to verify the reliability of the reconstruction. The reconstructed invariant mass of the charmed meson D + → K L0π+π+π- is also presented to show the possible application of this technique to charmed particles decaying into a neutral hadron. An example of this would be Λc+ → nK -π+π+.