Reviews theories of adult learning over the lifespan grounded in anthroposophy, the philosophy of Rudolf Steiner's Waldorf Schools. Examines parenting as a vocation through this perspective and the implications for the learning needs of parents. (Contains 35 references.) (SK)
The work of the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) influenced a number of fields in Germany in the nineteenth to twentieth centuries, including those of education, construction, agriculture, and medicine. His school of thought is known as anthroposophy (Anthroposophie), a term composed of the Greek words anthr?pos (human) and sophia (wisdom) and meaning study of the true essence of being human. Steiner perceived a crisis of his time as a “moral and mental (moralisch-geistig)" one...
Reconciling scientific approaches for organic farming research. Part I. Reflection on research methods in organic grassland and animal production at the Louis Bolk Institute, The Netherlands. Part II. Effects of manure types and white clover (Trifolium repens) cultivars on the productivity of grass-clover mixtures on a humid sandy soil
Part I : Reflection on research methods in organic grassland and animal production at the Louis Bolk Institute, The NetherlandsKey words: organic agriculture, anthroposophy, methodology, research strategy, experiential science, multidisciplinary science, Goethean scienceThis dissert
Sky Hiltunen, Sirkku M.
Anthroposophy has made the spiritual a living experience by producing numerous practical applications, such as veil painting, initially created by Liane Collot d'Herbois (1988). Its theoretical framework has been substantially simplified by the author and crucial meditative and contemplative steps have been added. European and American…
Der Beitrag zeigt den Konflikt zwischen "wertefreier" Wissenschaft und "ganzheitlicher" Forschung auf. Ein Zusammenspiel bio-dynamischer Forschung und der Anthroposophie mit anderen Disziplinen könnte einen Beitrag zu einem neuen Wissenschaftsbegriff mit umfassender Weltanschauung leisten. Dialog, Verständnis, Toleranz, Offenheit, kritisches Hinterfragen und Mut zur sinnvollen Anpassung sind dafür notwendige Schritte.
Many popular fields, such as Waldorf school education, anthroposophical medicine (Weleda) and “biodynamic” farming (Demeter), have made anthroposophy widely accepted in society, beyond its own ideological boundaries, as a religious and lifestyle trend. Interest is usually centred on Rudolf Steiner (
Christensen, Erik; Birnbaum, Simon
In the 1930s Danish author and painter Johannes Hohlenberg (1881-1960) published several essays in defense of an unconditional income for all. These original writings, strongly influenced by Rudolf Steiner's anthroposophy, are not widely known. This article makes two of Hohlenberg's essays on this...
Juul, Kristen D.; Maier, Manfred
This article considers the application of the philosophical and educational principles of Rudolf Steiner, called "anthroposophy," to the training of teachers and curative educators in the Waldorf schools. Special emphasis is on the Camphill movement which focuses on therapeutic schools and communities for children with special needs. (DB)
This paper examines moral education as a holistic structure that evolves from the interplay between the educational applications of anthroposophy, students' developmental needs, the curriculum, as indicated by Rudolf Steiner, and teachers' roles in fashioning the curriculum. The methodology draws upon the qualitative research paradigm of…
Ogletree, Earl J.
This international survey study was the first to examine the Waldorf School movement worldwide and focused on the teaching practices, curricula, educational outcomes, and positive program features of Waldorf schools, as well as problems encountered by Waldorf staff. The role of Rudolf Steiner's philosophy, anthroposophy, and its esoteric aspects…
Intveen, Monika Andrea
peer-reviewed This thesis explores anthroposophical music therapy (AnMt), an approach based on the philosophy of Rudolf Steiner. AnMt is well established in some countries, such as Germany, Switzerland or the Netherlands and is practiced in a wide variety of clinical and rehabilitation contexts. This thesis explores the basic tenets of AnMt including its foundations in anthroposophy, its location in the wider community of mainstream music therapy approaches and the applicability of its met...
It is analyzed the life and career of R. Steiner, the author of important works on philosophy, epistemology; founder of the spiritual and scientific Humanities (anthroposophy) as the foundation for the development of different areas of knowledge and human activities (medicine, pharmacy, medical pedagogy, architecture, sociology, ecological agriculture, theater, etc.). Particular attention is given to translate the anthroposophic pulses in education - the basement and development of the Waldor...
Full Text Available It is analyzed the life and career of R. Steiner, the author of important works on philosophy, epistemology; founder of the spiritual and scientific Humanities (anthroposophy as the foundation for the development of different areas of knowledge and human activities (medicine, pharmacy, medical pedagogy, architecture, sociology, ecological agriculture, theater, etc.. Particular attention is given to translate the anthroposophic pulses in education - the basement and development of the Waldorf kindergartens and schools.
Pro und Kontra der Steiner-Pädagogik entspringt im allgemeinen aus dem Problem der Gültigkeit der anthroposophischen Erkenntnistheorie als deren Grundlage. Aber das Problem bleibt heute von Anfang bis zum Ende oberflächlich und unfruchtbare Diskussion, weil es vom jeweiligen theoretischen Standpunkt — besonders der erfahrungswissenschaftlichen Erziehungswissenschaft und Anthroposophie usw. — aus angegangen wird. Diese Abhandlung richtet sich daher auf die anthroposophische Erkenntnistheor...
Many popular fields, such as Waldorf school education, anthroposophical medicine (Weleda) and “biodynamic” farming (Demeter), have made anthroposophy widely accepted in society, beyond its own ideological boundaries, as a religious and lifestyle trend. Interest is usually centred on Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925), the founder of the Anthroposophical Society, with a guru-like status among his followers. However, this dissertation focuses on Marie von Sivers (1867-1948), Rudolf’s second wife. Where...
TRANSFORMATIONS OF NATURE Science, Knowledge and Freedom in the Early Thinking of Rudolf Steiner. Perspectives on Waldorf Education in the light of the History of Ideas Waldorf Education is based on the worldview that Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) developed to a wide-ranging anthroposophical movement in the first decades of the 20th century. This thesis takes as its departure the early thinking of Rudolf Steiner that precedes anthroposophy, and its main purpose is to uncover the tradition ...
Ehrenfried Pfeiffer (1899-1961) was 25 years old when Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) delivered his eight lectures on agriculture from 7th June to 16th June 1924. In those eight lectures at Koberwitz, Rudolf Steiner laid the basis for biodynamic agriculture. Steiner advocated an agriculture informed by anthroposophy, and that the ideas he expounded in the eight agriculture lectures should be developed by experiments, practice and observation. Ehrenfried Pfeiffer took up this task and he spent the ...
Pro und Kontra der Steiner-Pädagogik entspringt im allgemeinen aus dem Problem der Gültigkeit der anthroposophischen Erkenntnistheorie als deren Grundlage. Aber das Problem bleibt heute von Anfang bis zum Ende oberflächlich und unfruchtbare Diskussion, weil es vom jeweiligen theoretischen Standpunkt — besonders der erfahrungswissenschaftlichen Erziehungswissenschaft und Anthroposophie usw. — aus angegangen wird.Diese Abhandlung richtet sich daher auf die anthroposophische Erkenntnistheorie — ...
[Einleitung:] Die Biologisch-Dynamische Wirtschaftsweise ist die älteste unter den verschiedenen Methoden des Ökologischen Landbaus. Ihr geistiges Fundament ist eine Reihe von Vorträgen, die Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) im Jahr 1924 in Koberwitz bei Breslau für Landwirte hielt (STEINER 1924a). Daher können ihre Voraussetzungen und Intentionen und auch ihr Forschungsansatz nicht losgelöst von dem spirituellen Weltbild der Anthroposophie, deren Begründer Rudolf Steiner ist, betrachtet werden. ...
Friese, K H
In this review, the most important complementary und alternative therapies are discussed, focusing particularly on their use in otorhinolaryngology. These therapies include balneology, Kneipp therapy, microbiological therapy, fasting, excretion therapy, different oxygen therapies, hydro-colon therapy, urine therapy, own-blood therapy, Bach therapy, orthomolecular therapy, order therapy, environmental medicine, phytotherapy, homeopathy, complex homeopathy, anthroposophy, neural therapy, electroaccupuncture according to Voll and similar therapies, nasal reflex therapy, reflex-zone massage, manual therapy, massage, lymph drainage, aroma therapy, thermotherapy, bioresonance, kinesiology, hopi candles, and dietetics. Some of these methods and regimens can be recommended, but others should be rejected. In universities, these methods are only represented to a minor extend, but are more accepted by otorhinolaryngologists in practice. This paper provides a guide to which alternative therapies are sensible and possible in otorhinolaryngology. The aim is to stimulate interest in these methods. It is necessary to discuss these alternative methods reasonably and credibly with patients. PMID:9378666
Ása Sóley Karlsdóttir 1979
Í þessari lokaritgerð B.Ed.-gráðu í grunnskólakennarafræði við Háskóla Íslands verður fjallað um heimspekinginn Rudolf Steiner, kenningar og aðferðir hans um uppeldi og kennslu. Í fyrri hluta ritgerðarinnar verður stiklað á stóru um ævi Rudolfs Steiner. Fjallað verður um fyrsta Waldorfskólann og hvernig mannspeki (e. anthroposophy) hefur áhrif á stefnu skólans. Fjallað verður um hugmyndafræði og kenningar Rudolfs Steiner og hvernig þær þróuðust. Í síðari hluta ritgerðarinnar verður fjallað um...
Il s'agit de démonter à quel point la méthode de M. Tchekhov, qui s'est formée à partir du Système psychologique et spiritualiste de Stanislavski, s'est enrichie d'autres courants esthétiques et occultes. On montre en particulier les liens avec l'anthroposophie de Rudolf Steiner, l'eurythmie. En raison de son parcours biographique (Russie, Europe, Etats-Unis), Tchekhov a dû adapter sa pédagogie aux contextex nationaux, culturels et surtout passer du théâtre russe au cinéma européen et hollywo...
Full Text Available This paper presents the history of the Donner Institute. The Donner Institute is an institution for the study of the history of religion and culture at the university of Åbo Akademi (Åbo, Finland. It was founded in 1957 following a stipulation in the last will of Mr. and Mrs. Uno Donner of Helsingfors, who died in 1958 and 1956 respectively. Uno Donner had shown an early interest in philosophical questions. During a visit to Egypt at the beginning of this century both he and his wife were impressed by ancient Egyptian culture and certain mysterious aspects of religion. They both seem to have had a firm conviction that intuition is an important way to true knowledge. When, in 1913, an artist friend of theirs, Henry Collison, introduced them to the thinking of Dr. Rudolf Steiner, their interest was easily kindled, and they became eager students of anthroposophy. They visited Dornach near Basel, the center of the anthroposophic movement, several times and made the personal acquaintance of Dr. Steiner. When an Anthroposophic Society was established in Finland in 1922, Uno Donner became its president. The library of the institute possesses an almost complete collection of Dr. Steiner's works and all available works of various anthroposophic authors.
Harald J. Hamre
Full Text Available Objective: Anthroposophic medications (AMED are widely used, but safety data on AMED from large prospective studies are sparse. The objective of this analysis was to determine the frequency of adverse drug reactions (ADR to AMED in outpatients using AMED for acute respiratory and ear infections.Methods: A prospective four-week observational cohort study was conducted in 21 primary care practices in Europe and the U.S.A. The cohort comprised 715 consecutive outpatients aged 1 month, treated by anthroposophic physicians for acute otitis and respiratory infections. Physicians’ prescription data and patient reports of adverse events were analyzed. Main outcome measures were use of AMED and ADR to AMED.Results: Two patients had confirmed ADR to AMED: 1 swelling and redness at the injection site after subcutaneous injections of Prunus spinosa 5%, 2 sleeplessness after intake of Pneumodoron® 2 liquid. These ADR lasted one and two days respectively; both subsided after dose reduction; none were unexpected; none were serious. The frequency of confirmed ADR to AMED was 0.61% (2/327 of all different AMED used, 0.28% (2/715 of patients, and 0.004% (3/73,443 of applications.Conclusion: In this prospective study, anthroposophic medications used by primary care patients with acute respiratory or ear infections were well tolerated.Abbreviations: A-: anthroposophy; ADR: adverse drug reactions; AE: adverse events; AM: anthroposophic medicine; AMED: AM medication; C-: conventional; ENE-patients: eligible, not enrolled patients; IIPCOS: International Primary Care Outcomes Study
Carlos Casale Rolle
Full Text Available Este artículo pretende analizar la obra de Pannenberg como teología de la mediación, cuya característica básica radica en aceptar el órdago lanzado por el ateísmo moderno (sobre todo de la hermenéutica de la sospecha, partiendo de los mismos presupuestos de este: la antropología. Por eso el centro de interés de la teología de este autor radica en mediar racionalmente fe y razón o, si se quiere, teología y antropología. El objetivo de este intento es hacer razonable la idea misma de Dios, como el poder que todo lo determina, para que la revelación de Dios en las religiones, y en especial la cristiana, que es el lugar donde se decide sobre la realidad de la divinidad, cuente con un ámbito de inserción al interior de las preguntas fundamentales del hombre. Se pretende así hacer una teología con identidad y relevanciaThe article analyses Pannenberg's work, as a theology of mediation, whose basic principle lies on the acknowledgment of the havoc caused by the modern atheism (mainly by the hermeneutics of suspicion, looking at it from its very underpinning: the anthropology. The centre of attention of his theological thought lies on a rational mediation of faith and reason, or rather theology and anthroposophy. He pursues to make the idea of God as the determining power reasonable for us, so that God's revelation in the religions, and especially in the Christian that is where the reality of his divinity is decided, may find a place for insertion in the fundamental human questions. Accordingly, he attempts to develop a theology with identity and relevance
Kummeling, Ischa; Thijs, Carel; Penders, John; Snijders, Bianca E P; Stelma, Foekje; Reimerink, Johan; Koopmans, Marion; Dagnelie, Pieter C; Huber, Machteld; Jansen, Margje C J F; de Bie, Rob; van den Brandt, Piet A
The aim of the KOALA Birth Cohort Study in the Netherlands is to identify factors that influence the clinical expression of atopic disease with a main focus on lifestyle (e.g., anthroposophy, vaccinations, antibiotics, dietary habits, breastfeeding and breast milk composition, intestinal microflora composition, infections during the first year of life, and gene-environment interaction). The recruitment of pregnant women started in October 2000. First, participants with 'conventional lifestyles' (n = 2343) were retrieved from an ongoing prospective cohort study (n = 7020) on pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain. In addition, pregnant women (n = 491) with 'alternative lifestyles' with regard to child rearing practices, dietary habits (organic, vegetarian), vaccination schemes and/or use of antibiotics, were recruited through organic food shops, anthroposophic doctors and midwives, Steiner schools, and dedicated magazines. All participants were enrolled between 14 and 18 wk of gestation and completed an intake questionnaire on family history of atopy and infant care intentions. Documentation of other relevant variables started in the pregnant mother and covered the first and third trimester as well as early childhood by repeated questionnaires at 14-18, 30, and 34 wk of gestation and 3, 7, 12, and 24 months post-partum. A subgroup of participants, including both conventional and alternative lifestyles, was asked to consent to maternal blood sampling, breast milk and a faecal sample of the infant at 1 month post-partum, capillary blood at age 1 yr, venous blood and observation of manifestation of atopic dermatitis during home visits at the age of 2 yr (using the UK working party criteria and the severity scoring of atopic dermatitis index), and buccal swabs for DNA isolation from child-parent trios. From the start, ethical approval and informed consent procedures included gene-environment interaction studies. Follow-up at 3 and 7 months post-partum was completed with