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Sample records for anthropologist didier fassin

  1. Nos limites da intervenção: a antropologia crítica de Didier Fassin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Kopper

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo explora algumas tensões presentes na obra do antropólogo e médico Didier Fassin, a partir de uma análise de argumentos desenvolvidos em pesquisas na França, com desempregados e imigrantes, e na África do Sul do pós-apartheid, com base na epidemia de AIDS. Ao longo da análise, aponta-se para algumas das implicações do trabalho nos limites da crítica e da intervenção, bem como seus efeitos para repensar o papel da antropologia no mundo contemporâneo. Por fim, encerra-se com uma discussão de sua investigação mais recente - a proposição de uma antropologia moral - e como ela permite articular diferentes pontos de sua obra.

  2. Didier Chanat 1959-2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Didier CHANAT on 05.09.2007. Mr Didier CHANAT, born on 27.05.1959, worked in the AT Department and had been employed at CERN since 01.06.1992. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN staff. Social affairs

  3. Entrevista com Didier Lamaison

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    Gilles Jean Abes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Didier Lamaison é tradutor, professor de Letras Clássicas, ensaísta e dramaturgo. É tradutor de literatura de língua portuguesa, principalmente a poesia brasileira, para o francês. Já traduziu Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Ferreira Gullar, Augusto dos Anjos, Machado de Assis, Fernando Pessoa assim como de letras de músicas de Chico Buarque e Geraldo Vandré. Veio ao Brasil em 1980, para trabalhar como Professor Leitor de francês na Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Aprendeu a língua portuguesa através de poemas como "Soneto de Fidelidade", de Vinícius de Moraes, e "José", de Carlos Drummond de Andrade. Recebeu o prêmio Nelly Sachs em 1991, pela sua tradução de Carlos Drummond de Andrade na França (La machine du monde - Gallimard, 1990. Didier Lamaison é também autor do romance noir Édipo Rei, publicado pela editora Gallimard em 1994. Foi eleito, no dia 4 de junho de 2009, na Academia Brasileira de Letras (sócio correspondente.

  4. Didier Chanat (1959-2007)

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Didier CHANAT on 05.09.2007. Mr Didier CHANAT, born on 27.05.1959, worked in the AT Department and had been employed at CERN since 01.06.1992. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN staff. Social Affairs Tribute to Didier Chanat With a higher technical diploma and a specialisation in electrical engineering, Didier began his professional life at the CEA (France) in 1986. From then until 1990 he took part in developing control and supervision systems for the various Tore Supra tokamak systems at Cadarache, then in operating and upgrading the entire machine. From 1990 to 1992, Didier was a member of the Tore Supra Cryogenics Group, where he was responsible for operating and maintaining the cryogenic system. It was at this time that he developed an interest in cryogenics which was to remain the linchpin of the rest of his career...

  5. Ostrom for anthropologists

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    James Acheson

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Elinor Ostrom has devoted much of her career to understanding the conditions under which people have incentives to conserve or over-exploit common-pool resources (e.g., oceans, air, irrigation, unowned forests and grassland. While a growing number of anthropologists have taken an interest in this critically important topic, her work is not well known to many anthropologists. This paper describes three different aspects of Ostrom’s work which should be of interest to anthropologists. First is her analysis of collective action problems and the conditions under which people in local communities have devised rules and institutions to solve those dilemmas to conserve resources. Second is Ostrom’s discussion and classification of the complex rules used to manage resources. Third is her analysis of four kinds of goods (i.e., public goods, common-pool resources, toll goods and private goods and the property regimes that produce them in different combinations. Last, I outline several directions in which her work seems to be going.

  6. Anthropologists as symbols: Geertz

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    Aleksandar Bošković

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Clifford Geertz (1926-2006 was certainly one of the most influential anthropologists in the last decades of the 20th century, even though some of his former students (like Rabinow in Slyomovics 2010 claim that he was not very accessible as a person, and that sometimes he did not even care for his students. Somewhat paradoxically, Geertz´s influence on anthropology and related disciplines remained notable even after his death. This paper analyzes interest in aspects of his work over the last decade, as an indicator of transforming a personality into a global cultural symbol.

  7. An Anthropologist in the Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Scott

    2007-01-01

    Nancy Fried Foster was an anthropologist hired by University of Rochester's library to study its undergraduates, to help shed light on how they do their research and write papers, and how they spend their days. The results of the study helped guide a library renovation, influenced a Web-site redesign, led to changes in the way the library markets…

  8. Anthropologists in the Looking Glass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Bernice A.

    A historical and anthropological analysis of the nature of conventions held by the American Anthropological Association (AAA) is presented. The author, who is an anthropologist, plays the role of participant observer in studying the phenomenon of meetings of the AAA. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, AAA meetings were very small and…

  9. New Ethical Challenges for Anthropologists

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    Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    The first code of ethics by the American Anthropological Association, adopted in 1971, was forged during the Vietnam War, years after revelations that anthropologists had engaged in counterinsurgency research in Southeast Asia. Now, in response to issues raised by the war in Iraq, the author advocates that it is time for a new code. Members of the…

  10. The Kansas Anthropologist Reminlscence Project for Senior Plains Anthropologists

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    Marlin F. Hawley

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations, ask thy father and he will show thee, thy elders, and they will tell thee. Deuteronomy 32: 7. For the past six years, 'The Kansas Anthropologist' has published an ongoing series of reminiscences or retrospective articles by senior Great Plains archaeologists. The aim of the project is to collect reminiscences from senior anthro­pologists regarding their experiences in pre-and post-World War II Plains archaeology, biological anthropology, and ethnology. The historian John Lukacs (1966:x once offered an elegant and concise comment on the value of history, one that I offer here: "I believe that history, as a form of thought, is one of the most precious and perhaps unique rational posssessions of Western civilizations. The character of a person may appear best from the reconstruc­tion of the history of his life; the same is true of the character of nations. The very history of a prob­lem may reveal its essential diagnosis. There is no human endeavor that may not be approached and studied profitably through its history." Fortunately, there hardly needs to be a justification anymore for such a project, as is attested by the recent prolifera­tion of research into the history of archaeology and anthropology on virtually a global scale.The intention of these retrospective articles is not to explore or diagnose any particular problem but rather to create a mosaic of first person narrratives informed by personal experience and illustrated with photos and anecdotes to illuminate the development of Plains anthropology in the 20th Century.

  11. The Anthropologist as Essayist: Clifford Geertz.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Miriam Dempsey

    Based on the premise that the most viable form of discovery for the ethnographer is the personal essay--which has been called "the expression of the self thinking" (Alfred Kazin) or writing as learning and thinking--this paper examines the work of anthropologist Clifford Geertz in the light of that definition. Particular attention is…

  12. Techno-Anthropologists as Change Agents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lone Stub

    2015-01-01

    study of practice change the researchers perspective. For Techno-Anthropologist, this means that asking in specific ways about technology and having a focus on technology in the data collection and fieldwork will (should) influence what they see, the data they collect and their analysis – and also...... the way the informants think and the way people talk about practice and technology. The Techno-Anthropological researcher should be aware and actively use the potential for change in the empirical study of technology. In this chapter I exemplify and examine how and why change can be embraced and seen...... as an integral part of Techno-Anthropological studies in Health Informatics and beyond. This statement is supported through reflections on empirical examples, qualitative methods, and ethical and philosophical considerations on research and change. The chapter concludes that Techno-Anthropologists should...

  13. Epigenetics for anthropologists: An introduction to methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Non, Amy L; Thayer, Zaneta M

    2015-01-01

    The study of epigenetics, or chemical modifications to the genome that may alter gene expression, is a growing area of interest for social scientists. Anthropologists and human biologists are interested in epigenetics specifically, as it provides a potential link between the environment and the genome, as well as a new layer of complexity for the study of human biological variation. In pace with the rapid increase in interest in epigenetic research, the range of methods has greatly expanded over the past decade. The primary objective of this article is to provide an overview of the current methods for assaying DNA methylation, the most commonly studied epigenetic modification. We will address considerations for all steps required to plan and conduct an analysis of DNA methylation, from appropriate sample collection, to the most commonly used methods for laboratory analyses of locus-specific and genome-wide approaches, and recommendations for statistical analyses. Key challenges in the study of DNA methylation are also discussed, including tissue specificity, the stability of measures, timing of sample collection, statistical considerations, batch effects, and challenges related to analysis and interpretation of data. Our hope is that this review serves as a primer for anthropologists and human biologists interested in incorporating epigenetic data into their research programs.

  14. Medical humanitarianism: anthropologists speak out on policy and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramowitz, Sharon; Marten, Meredith; Panter-Brick, Catherine

    2015-03-01

    In recent years, anthropologists have become increasingly present in medical humanitarian situations as scholars, consultants, and humanitarian practitioners and have acquired insight into medical humanitarian policy and practice. In 2012, we implemented a poll on anthropology, health, and humanitarian practice in which 75 anthropologists discussed their experiences in medical humanitarianism. Our goal was to move beyond the existing anarchy of individual voices in anthropological writing and gain an aggregate view of the perspective of anthropologists working in medical humanitarian contexts. Responses lead to six inductively derived thematic priorities. The findings illustrate how anthropologists perceive medical humanitarian practice; which aspects of medical humanitarianism should be seen as priorities for anthropological research; and how anthropologists use ethnography in humanitarian contexts.

  15. For the Bicultural Happy Few Only: Didier Coste’s Days in Sydney

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    Helene Jaccomard

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Written by Didier Coste, a French essayist, translator and academic who worked for some years in Australia, Days in Sydney is a unique bilingual novel. Instead of the accepted custom of the original text printed on the opposite page of its translation Days in Sydney contains no translation. It alternates French and English in a seamless fashion that is the antithesis of the conventions of bilingual texts, resulting in a truly heteroglossic text, elliptical in its construction as it meanders between two languages and two main characters. In the publication announcement Didier Coste stated that this unusual book was the result of an ‘nécessité esthétique et une certaine idée de la bi-culture’ aimed at ‘le petit cercle des bilingues d'Australie’. Alongside his creative output Coste has published scholarly works since the late 1980s up to 2004. In English. By examining the principles and practice of heteroglossia and by drawing on one of Coste’s recent academic article, this paper explores the twin notions of ‘nécessité esthétique”, and ‘bi-cultural’ readership to account for the (not so global space between two languages and cultures Days in Sydney occupies.

  16. The historiography of Islam in West Africa : an anthropologist's view

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soares, B.F.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I focus on the historiography of Islam in West Africa while also reflecting upon and assessing existing scholarship in the broader field of the study of Islam in Africa. My position as an anthropologist who conducts historical research informs my perspective in evaluating the curren

  17. Anthropology with an Agenda: Four Forgotten Dance Anthropologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Katrina

    2010-01-01

    In response to postcolonial, feminist and subaltern critiques of anthropology, this article seeks to answer the question, "For whom should research be conducted, and by whom should it be used?" by examining the lives and works of four female dance anthropologists. Franziska Boas, Zora Neale Hurston, Katherine Dunham and Pearl Primus used…

  18. Anthropologists address health equity: recognizing barriers to care

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Systems change is necessary for improving health care in the United States, especially for populations suffering from health disparities. Theoretical and methodological contributions of anthropology to health care design and delivery can inform systems change by providing a window into provider and patient perceptions and practices. Our community-engaged research teams conduct in-depth investigations of provider perceptions of patients, often uncovering gaps between patient and provider perceptions resulting in the degradation of health equity. We present examples of projects where collaborations between anthropologists and health professionals resulted in actionable data on functioning and malfunctioning systemic momentum toward efforts to eliminate disparities and support wellness. PMID:27158189

  19. Current practices by forensic anthropologists in adult skeletal age estimation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garvin, Heather M; Passalacqua, Nicholas V

    2012-03-01

    When determining an age estimate from adult skeletal remains, forensic anthropologists face a series of methodological choices. These decisions, such as which skeletal region to evaluate, which methods to apply, what statistical information to use, and how to combine information from multiple methods, ultimately impacts the final reported age estimate. In this study, a questionnaire was administered to 145 forensic anthropologists, documenting current trends in adult age at death estimation procedures used throughout the field. Results indicate that the Suchey-Brooks pubic symphysis method (1990) remains the most highly favored aging technique, with cranial sutures and dental wear being the least preferred, regardless of experience. The majority of respondents stated that they vary their skeletal age estimate process case-by-case and ultimately present to officials both a narrow and broad possible age range. Overall, respondents displayed a very high degree of variation in how they generate their age estimates, and indicated that experience and expertise play a large role in skeletal age estimates.

  20. Élisée RECLUS. Géographe, anarchiste, écologiste, Jean-Didier VINCENT, 2010

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    Alain Marre

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Lire la biographie d'un géographe écrite par un non géographe est un grand plaisir ! Jean-Didier VINCENT, comme Élisée RECLUS, est natif, de Sainte-Foy-la-Grande. C'est peut être la raison pour laquelle il s'est lancé dans cette biographie hommage qui, comme il l'écrit lui-même en fin de son ouvrage est "une histoire d'amour". On citera les dernières lignes de son livre, qui donnent tout l'objectif de cet ouvrage : "J'ai voulu écrire une histoire d'amour. L'œuvre d'Élisée RECLUS a suscité bie...

  1. ’Huts and Nuts’ or ’Hearts and Minds?’ -- Anthropologists and Operational Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-06

    NSCC)”-- Program Solicitation, NSF 08-594. 44. Matthew B. Stannard, “Montgomery McFate’s Mission: Can One Anthropologist Possibly Steer the Course...starving populations in Somalia best by civil war in 1994. 22. U.S. attempt to support victims of cyclone Nargis in Myan Mar (Burma) in Spring 2008...lessons learned studies from Somalia, Haiti , the Balkans, and most recently Afghanistan and Iraq, have consistently pointed to a lack of cultural

  2. Chronic alcoholism and bone remodeling processes: Caveats and considerations for the forensic anthropologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, Amy R; Bengtson, Jennifer D

    2016-02-01

    Clinical literature provides substantial information on the effects of chronic alcohol abuse on bone remodeling and related skeletal disease processes. This biomedical information is seldom considered in detail by forensic anthropologists, who often rely on normative macroscopic models of bone remodeling and traditional macroscopic age estimation methods in the creation of biological profiles. The case study presented here considers the ways that alcoholism disrupts normal bone remodeling processes, thus skewing estimations of age-at-death. Alcoholism affects bone macroscopically, resulting in a porous appearance and an older estimation of age, while simultaneously inhibiting osteoblastic activity and resulting in a younger microscopic appearance. Forensic anthropologists must also be cognizant of pathological remodeling stemming from alcoholism in cases where trauma analysis is critical to the reconstruction of events leading up to death, as fracture healing rates can be affected. Beyond the case study, we also consider how forensic anthropologists and practitioners can recognize and account for osteological signatures of alcoholism in medico-legal contexts. In order to best estimate age at death, a combined macroscopic and microscopic approach should be employed whenever possible alcohol and drug abuse is known or suspected.

  3. Reagire alla dominazione sociale: classe, sesso e politica nelle narrazioni autobiografiche di Didier Éribon ed Édouard Louis

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    Silvia Nugara

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Iscrivendosi nella scia dell’autobiografia sociologica di Bourdieu, Retour à Reims (2009 del sociologo Didier Éribon e En finir avec Eddy Bellegueule (2014 del suo allievo ventiduenne Édouard Louis raccontano l’esperienza dei rispettivi autori a partire dalle dinamiche di dominazione sociale e sessuale che l’hanno determinata. Entrambi i testi chiamano in causa la figura dell’intellettuale come transfuga di classe che tramite la scrittura rielabora i conflitti identitari che lo attraversano e apre a una riflessione sui rapporti tra potere politico e potere simbolico. Inoltre, questi due esempi di auto-socio-analisi possono essere interpretati come contributi a un dibattito pubblico che in Francia e non solo si confronta con il valore politico di identità sociali sempre più complesse e con dinamiche elettorali che dagli anni Sessanta a oggi hanno sciolto il legame tra forze politiche della sinistra e classi sociali più svantaggiate.

  4. Jean-Didier Urbain, 2002, Paradis verts désirs de campagne et passions résidentielles, Paris, Payot, 392 p.

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    Isabelle Roussel

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Didier Urbain, à travers cet ouvrage, applique sa vision d’anthropologue à la campagne. Cet ouvrage, facile à lire grâce à une écriture alerte, se démarque d’une vision bucolique de la verte campagne telle qu’elle a pu être véhiculée par quelques idéologues que l’auteur se plaît à fustiger au passage.Constatant les profondes mutations de la campagne française, J.D. Urbain, analyse surtout le phénomène des résidences secondaires puisque ces dernières sont plus nombreuses que les exploitat...

  5. Juan Comas's summary history of the American association of physical anthropologists (1928-1968).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfonso, Marta P; Little, Michael A

    2005-01-01

    This translation of Juan Comas's Summary History of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists was originally published in Spanish by the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, in 1969 (Departamento de Investigaciones Antropológicas, Publication 22). Physical anthropologists from North America and members of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists owe Juan Comas a debt of gratitude for having labored to produce this Summary History of the AAPA. There is much useful and interesting material in this document: extensive endnotes that are helpful to the historian of the profession; an appendix of the Journal issues where the proceedings of annual meetings can be found; a detailed listing of contributors of papers to annual meetings from 1930-1968; a warm acknowledgment and history of the contributions of the Wenner-Gren Foundation to biological anthropology; a history of the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology; and comments on the short-lived PA Newsletter. In addition, there are appendices with the founding AAPA Constitution and By-Laws from 1930 and as they existed in 1968. All of this synoptic information saves the reader with interests in the history of the AAPA considerable effort, especially when few university and college libraries have the full (old and new) series of the AJPA on their shelves. We have tried to provide a translation of Comas's history that is faithful to the original Spanish-language publication. In a few cases, we shortened sentences and applied a slightly more modern usage than was popular in the late 1960s.

  6. An Engineer, an Architect, and an Anthropologist Walk into a Conference Room...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiken, Jo

    2016-01-01

    Ethnographers are urged to "be there", in the field, in order to gain insight about a particular culture. When the field is unreachable, or does not yet exist, the applied anthropologist must adapt their methods accordingly while maintaining the integrity of their research. The space industry presents a unique case study for such a dilemma. Drawing on Bourdieu's 1977 reflection on the structural constraints and the forming of unconscious schemes of thought imposed by the material world on the body, this paper considers the effect of the presence and absence of place in applied, collaborative anthropological work.

  7. An Anthropologist under Surveillance in Ceauşescu’s Romania

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    VERDERY, Katherine

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available U.S. anthropologists working in Romania in the 1970s and 1980s were under surveillance by the Romanian Securitate, as they probably were in other communist countries as well. This article is based on the author’s Securitate file, which a law passed in 1999 made available to anyone whom the Securitate had followed. It discusses similarities between the work of ethnographers and that of the Securitate, the question whether villagers believed that she was really a spy and the effects of the surveillance on the author’s own work and on the villagers she studied.

  8. Narrative Online and Offline spaces. Field Notes from the Becoming of an Anthropologist

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    Ioana Florea

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available To look back and reflect upon past field diaries, field encounters and events is the invitation of this paper, constructed both as a research note and as a personal research story. The invitation isaddressed especially to young anthropologists. The paper recalls and re-analyses data from three past online fields – one interactive website calling itself the “Romanian online community in Vancouver”, one online forum entitled the “Indian online community in Germany”, and the real-time communication portal Yahoo Messenger. It highlights the out-of-the-ordinary events recorded on each field, which illustrate complex relationships between the online and offline worlds. Further interpreting the fields as what contemporary American anthropologist Timothy Simpson, following Richard Sennett, calls “narrative spaces”, I hope to reveal more of the social construction of these virtual spaces. The main hypothesis to be explored and proposed for further debate are 1 that interactive virtual spaces develop as narrative spaces, around the frame-story offered by theirinitiators and 2 that narratives are continuously transcending different online and offline spaces, connecting them, while being continuously re-negotiated and re-told.

  9. Techno-Anthropologists as Change Agents: A case in health informatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Lone Stub

    2015-01-01

    Studying technology will often involve studying change - or in the perspective of this chapter should involve not just studying but also actively being involved with change. Your presence and the questions you ask shape the way people think and act and on the other hand their responses and your study of practice change the researchers perspective. For Techno-Anthropologist, this means that asking in specific ways about technology and having a focus on technology in the data collection and fieldwork will (should) influence what they see, the data they collect and their analysis - and also the way the informants think and the way people talk about practice and technology. The Techno-Anthropological researcher should be aware and actively use the potential for change in the empirical study of technology. In this chapter I exemplify and examine how and why change can be embraced and seen as an integral part of Techno-Anthropological studies in Health Informatics and beyond. This statement is supported through reflections on empirical examples, qualitative methods, and ethical and philosophical considerations on research and change. The chapter concludes that Techno-Anthropologists should actively consider and engage in the potential for change of the empirical studies of technology.

  10. Accuracy Rates of Ancestry Estimation by Forensic Anthropologists Using Identified Forensic Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Richard M; Parks, Connie L; Richard, Adam H

    2017-01-30

    A common task in forensic anthropology involves the estimation of the ancestry of a decedent by comparing their skeletal morphology and measurements to skeletons of individuals from known geographic groups. However, the accuracy rates of ancestry estimation methods in actual forensic casework have rarely been studied. This article uses 99 forensic cases with identified skeletal remains to develop accuracy rates for ancestry estimations conducted by forensic anthropologists. The overall rate of correct ancestry estimation from these cases is 90.9%, which is comparable to most research-derived rates and those reported by individual practitioners. Statistical tests showed no significant difference in accuracy rates depending on examiner education level or on the estimated or identified ancestry. More recent cases showed a significantly higher accuracy rate. The incorporation of metric analyses into the ancestry estimate in these cases led to a higher accuracy rate.

  11. The Mother of Microloans (and Obama): A Q&A with Anthropologist and Author, Alice G. Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maitland, Christine

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Alice G. Dewey, professor emeritus at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa and granddaughter of the renowned American philosopher John Dewey. She is an economic anthropologist who did ground-breaking research on local markets in Indonesia in the 1950s. She recently co-edited "Surviving Against the Odds:…

  12. Moral agency, identity crisis and mental health: an anthropologist's plight and his Hmong ritual healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Postert, Christian

    2010-03-01

    During anthropological fieldwork, the author had a serious accident on the outskirts of a Hmong village in the highland of Laos. However, this dramatic incident turned out to be the occasion of his ritual initiation into the local village community. An analysis of narratives of the incident reveals Hmong conceptions of the anthropologist's physical, mental and moral affliction, its causative concomitants and his ritual healing. Hmong mental health and identity are situated in a moral space of exchange relationships to significant others, challenging basic assumptions of concepts of the person widely held in psychiatry and beyond. The healing ritual transformed the author's being from indeterminate "other," in a life-threatening state of identity crisis, to a wholesome Hmong "self," in a state of health and moral agency. This exemplary rite de passage highlights the affinity of ritual healing and constitution of self in a moral space. The underlying relational concept of the person is in sharp contrast to psychiatry's concepts of the person, which are deeply shaped by values of individualism. Psychiatric services must accommodate substantial differences in the concepts of the person when treating Hmong migrants from Laos.

  13. Schnittke, Alfred: Requiem / Didier Louis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Louis, Didier

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Schnittke, Alfred: Requiem; Gorecki: Miserere. Solistes vocaux et instrumentaux, Choeur de chambre Eric Ericson, Choeur de la Radio Suedoise, Tõnu Kaljuste" Caprice CAP 21 515, distribution Disques Concord (CD: 160F). TT: 1h 08'49"

  14. The Medical Anthropologist as the Patient: Developing Research Questions on Hospital Food in Japan through Auto-Ethnography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Runestad

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available I was an inpatient at a small maternity clinic in Japan in 2012–13 and found it impossible to separate the way I experienced medical care and my training as a medical anthropologist. As I was encouraged to eat and monitor my weight so that I would “grow” a healthy baby, I recalled how interviewees from my HIV/AIDS project described nourishing their bodies so they could fight disease. Because of my experience in the healthcare system in Japan, I ended up reframing my data to add questions about the role of hospital food in patient care. Meanwhile, I developed the social networks necessary to execute a new project, which I would later undertake. In this essay I argue that medical anthropologists working from a phenomenological perspective may regard their own bodies as assets rather than hindrances in research, and that because bodies are gendered, focusing on this facet of habitus can be particularly informative. I also illustrate how systematic reflection on personal experience in the field (autoethnography aids in the development of research questions and reframing data. Finally, I discuss how highlighting these steps in research methods courses can demystify the research process for students.

  15. A new definition of health? An open letter of autochthonous peoples and medical anthropologists to the WHO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlier, P; Coppens, Y; Malaurie, J; Brun, L; Kepanga, M; Hoang-Opermann, V; Correa Calfin, J A; Nuku, G; Ushiga, M; Schor, X E; Deo, S; Hassin, J; Hervé, C

    2017-01-01

    Currently, for many practitioners (hospital and liberals) and researchers (including public health), the WHO definition of health is outdated: first it seems more utopian than pragmatic; then, it proves unsuitable for a large part of the world population. There is clearly a need to refine this definition or propose additional criteria to be more relevant or discriminating. In this perspective, what can indigenous people offer in the elaboration of a new definition of health? In this article, leaders or representatives of autochthonous peoples, anthropologists and physicians from many cultural origins (Amazonia, Patagonia, Papua New-Guinea, Inuit, North-American Indian, sub-Saharan Africa, India, China, Melanesia and Polynesia) have tried to identify and explain several key concepts that WHO should reintegrate into its new definition of health: human equilibrium in nature, accepted spirituality and adaptation. On the sidelines of the application of COP21 decisions that should give back to man his place into the environment, autochthonous people leaders, anthropologists and MDs explain why these three concepts are fundamental and universal health determinants, and need to be included in a new WHO definition of health.

  16. Frederick Damon's Study on Anthropology---An Interview with Anthropologist, Professor Frederick Damon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FREDERICK Damon(Interviewee); BIAN Simei(Interviewer); JIN Jing(Transcriber)

    2014-01-01

    Dr.Bian Simei conducted an inter-view with Professor Frederick Damon of the Univer-sity of Virginia in 2012.Their discussions focused on Professor Damon's anthropological fieldwork ex-periences on the islands that make up the Kula Ring, and his new fieldwork spot-Fujian, China. Professor Damon started to do his ethnographic re-search on an island in the South Pacific based on the presumption that people understood the island as a body , and later he shifted to the study of trees.This is because he came to know that trees were very important for the Muyuw people .In July 1996, Professor Damon started to combine his re-search of trees with the research of boats .This was because he came to understand that the most impor-tant trees for the most import boats came from the relationship between people's gardens and forests . The trees were personified by the local people , and the Muyuw people had their own way to distinguish the trees as female or male .The Muyuw people al-so have their own classificatory system , and there are always analogies between sets of things that are related.In order to acquire more knowledge about trees, Professor Damon also interacted with scien-tists during his process of doing research , including geochemists .Although one of the things Professor Damon was involved with during the 1980 s post-modernism and the critique of western science , what he wanted to try to do with his research was to engage himself with natural scientists in order to expand his field as much as possible .Sometimes, when Professor Damon shared his knowledge on for-est systems learned from the natives , it would a-maze the scientists that “savages” could have that kind of knowledge .From his experience , Professor Damon found that cooperative work with natural scientists was very helpful for his research , and this kind of mutual -learning is necessary .Professor Damon also was critical that some of the anthropol-ogists or scientists were not good at

  17. Accuracy Rates of Sex Estimation by Forensic Anthropologists through Comparison with DNA Typing Results in Forensic Casework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Richard M; Parks, Connie L; Richard, Adam H

    2016-09-01

    A common task in forensic anthropology involves the estimation of the biological sex of a decedent by exploiting the sexual dimorphism between males and females. Estimation methods are often based on analysis of skeletal collections of known sex and most include a research-based accuracy rate. However, the accuracy rates of sex estimation methods in actual forensic casework have rarely been studied. This article uses sex determinations based on DNA results from 360 forensic cases to develop accuracy rates for sex estimations conducted by forensic anthropologists. The overall rate of correct sex estimation from these cases is 94.7% with increasing accuracy rates as more skeletal material is available for analysis and as the education level and certification of the examiner increases. Nine of 19 incorrect assessments resulted from cases in which one skeletal element was available, suggesting that the use of an "undetermined" result may be more appropriate for these cases.

  18. [Social anthropology and anthropologists of the past and present: from exoticism and the imagined reciprocity to everyday inequalities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neufeld, María Rosa

    2012-01-01

    In this article we examine two moments in anthropology. First we characterize anthropology as a subject specialized in the study of "the others", which developed in those countries that led the European and North American colonial expansion. We underline the links that existed between this historical context, the features of ethnography -the theoretic-methodological approach developed by anthropologistsand the concept of culture, that became the core of this discipline. Secondly, we intend to further the understanding of some trends of contemporary anthropology: the fact that nowadays anthropologists work on the societies they belong to, their operations (documenting the undocumented, unveiling dayliness, de-naturalizing), which find their roots in earlier anthropology. It also highlights the shift of focus from reciprocity relations to power and inequity relations. Finally it sheds light on some original developments in Latin American anthropology, considering some cases in Mexico, Brazil and Argentina.

  19. A French Anthropologist’s Fieldwork Experience in China-An Interview with French Anthropologist Catherine Capdeville-Zeng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Catherine Capdeville-Zeng; Zhao Xiuyun

    2015-01-01

    Since the end of the 1970s,French anthropologist Catherine Capdeville-Zeng has fo ̄cused her studies on China. Her research field in ̄cludes popular songs of China,rock music of Chi ̄na,Beijing Opera Amateur Sessions,shadow play, Nuo opera, and Sichuan opera, etc. She has pub ̄lished a series of her research findings related to China in the past years, including Le théâtredansl��espace du peuple,uneenquête de terrain en Chine ( in French ) , Rites et Rock à Pékin –Traditions sociales et modernitédans la musique rock en Chine( in French) ,and fengchangzuoxi or 逢场作戏(in Chinese)etc. On 23 March 2015,Profes ̄sor Capdeville-Zeng was invited to give a lecture on Popular Opera—An Anthropological Investiga ̄tion in China at the Southwest University for Na ̄tionalities. In the lecture,Professor Catherine Cap ̄deville-Zeng took Nuo opera,Sichuan torch opera troupe,and Beijing opera amateur sessions as case studies,and shared her ideas on the connection be ̄tween “ritual opera” and “entertainment opera”, the common structure of various operas, the rela ̄tionship between the audience and the actors/ac ̄tresses, the audience’s response to the opera and the actors/actresses’ attitudes, etc. After the lec ̄ture,Zhao Xiuyun,an editor of the Journal of Eth ̄nology published by the Southwest University for Nationalities,conducted a comprehensive interview with her regarding her anthropological investiga ̄   tions in China. In this interview,Professor Cather ̄ine Capdeville -Zeng talked about the process of conducting fieldwork in China as a French anthro ̄pologist. She stated that her research was deeply influenced by the theory of Louis Dumont, an im ̄portant representative scholar of French structural ̄ism. She used Dumont’s theory of “individualism”to make an in -depth analysis of the relationship between the“individual” and the“whole” in Chi ̄nese society. She mentioned that although the style of modern

  20. Didier Combeau, Des Américains et des armes à feux. Violence et démocratie aux Etats-Unis. Saul Cornell, A Well-Regulated Militia : The Founding Fathers and the Origins of Gun Control in America.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renaud Pacoud

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Deux ouvrages différents dans leur approche mais également passionnants permettent de saisir l’évolution du débat sur les armes à feu aux États-Unis. Des Américains et des armes à feux. Violence et démocratie aux Etats Unis de Didier Combeau rend compte de la relation complexe que les Américains entretiennent avec les armes à feu depuis la fondation de la nation et de la polémique contemporaine sur la question du droit aux armes. A Well-Regulated Militia : The Founding Fathers and the Origins...

  1. Didier Ozanam et Diego Téllez Alarcia (éd.), Misión en París. Correspondencia particular entre el marqués de la Ensenada y el duque de Huéscar (1746-1749

    OpenAIRE

    Alberola Romá, Armando

    2013-01-01

    Para elaborar este grueso volumen se han dado la mano el magisterio y la experiencia de Didier Ozanam, uno de los mejores conocedores de las relaciones diplomáticas entre España y Francia durante el reinado de Fernando VI, con la juventud y empuje del historiador riojano Diego Téllez Alarcia, especialista reconocido de la figura de Ricardo Wall. La combinación ha dado consigo una excelente —y muy útil— herramienta para los dieciochistas, al poner a su disposición 863 cartas de carácter reserv...

  2. Didier Machu. Lolita ou le tyran confondu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzanne FRAYSSE

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Voici un livre écrit par l’un des nombreux amoureux de Lolita, par un chasseur manifestement enchanté, un érudit et un poète gravement atteint de nabokolepsie. Nabokov aurait certainement été fier et heureux de voir un lecteur caresser les détails, les divins détails, avec une telle gourmandise, débusquer avec une telle habileté des allusions intertextuelles que personne (et peut-être Nabokov compris n’avait vues avant lui. On sent dans ce travail universitaire une sorte d’exaltation et d’ex...

  3. An anthropologist in parallel structure

    OpenAIRE

    Noelle Molé Liston

    2016-01-01

    The essay examines the parallels between Molé Liston’s studies on labor and precarity in Italy and the United States’ anthropology job market. Probing the way economic shift reshaped the field of anthropology of Europe in the late 2000s, the piece explores how the neoliberalization of the American academy increased the value in studying the hardships and daily lives of non-western populations in Europe.

  4. Revisión Crítica: Biopolíticas post-foucaultianas. Pensar el gobierno de la vida entre la filosofía política, la sociología y la cartografía del presente

    OpenAIRE

    Victoria Haidar

    2009-01-01

    La cuestión de la relación entre “política” y “vida”, que Michel Foucault problematizara, promediando la década del ’70, ha sido retomada por diferentes tradiciones intelectuales. Con sus propias “cajas de herramientas” y políticas de influencias, Giorgio Agamben, Didier Fassin y Dominique Memmi y Nikolas Rose, se ocuparon, todos, de la pregunta por la actualidad del ejercicio del poder sobre la vida. En ese intento recuperaron algunos de los problemas foucaultianos, enfocándolos con elabo...

  5. Biopolíticas post-foucaultianas. Pensar el gobierno de la vida entre la filosofía política, la sociología y la cartografía del presente

    OpenAIRE

    Victoria Haidar

    2009-01-01

    La cuestión de la relación entre "política" y "vida", que Michel Foucault problematizara, promediando la década del '70, ha sido retomada por diferentes tradiciones intelectuales. Con sus propias "cajas de herramientas" y políticas de influencias, Giorgio Agamben, Didier Fassin y Dominique Memmi y Nikolas Rose, se ocuparon, todos, de la pregunta por la actualidad del ejercicio del poder sobre la vida. En ese intento recuperaron algunos de los problemas foucaultianos, enfocándolos con elaborac...

  6. Lehtmetalliline maailm / Kristiina Garancis, Didier Deschamps ; interv. Kristiina Garancis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garancis, Kristiina, 1969-

    1999-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise uue tantsu festival - Augusti TantsuFestival. Vestlus Prantsuse Kultuuriministeeriumi tantsunõuniku D. Deschamps'iga prantsuse tantsukunsti olukorrast ja kultuuriministeeriumi tantsuosakonna tööst

  7. O antropólogo como "espião": das acusações públicas à construção das perspectivas nativas The anthropologist as 'spy': from public accusations to the construction of native perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Zenobi

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, parte da academia norte-americana mobilizou-se em torno de um grande debate sobre "antropologia e espionagem". As acusações feitas sobre alguns colegas eram motivadas pela preocupação com o uso que poderia ser feito do conhecimento gerado no trabalho de campo. Elas expressavam que os antropólogos podem ser considerados sujeitos perigosos para as populações estudadas. Respondendo às mesmas inquietações, em algumas ocasiões, nós, os antropólogos, também somos objeto de acusações feitas pelos "nossos" nativos. Neste artigo, proponho-me a analisar dois episódios ocorridos durante o trabalho de campo que realizei junto a uma turma de parentes de vítimas de um incêndio na cidade de Buenos Aires. Enquanto desenvolvia meu trabalho, enfatizou-se publicamente e em duas oportunidades a possibilidade de que eu fosse um "infiltrado" que estivesse espionando as ações e debates em que eram protagonistas. Com o objetivo de reconstruir as perspectivas das pessoas que me acusaram, proponho transformar esses acontecimentos, de aparência anedótica e pessoal, em perguntas de pesquisa. Inspirado em algumas ideias surgidas no campo de estudos sobre acusações de bruxaria, proporei uma análise voltada para iluminar a dinâmica do campo no qual as acusações foram produzidas. Do mesmo modo, tentarei ressituar meu papel como produtor de conhecimento.In recent years, some American scholars have become embroiled in an extensive debate on 'anthropology and espionage.' The accusations levelled at some colleagues have been prompted by concerns over the potential use of knowledge generated during fieldwork. These accusations have shown that anthropologists can be regarded as 'dangerous' to the populations under study. Echoing the same kinds of concern, sometimes anthropologists are accused by 'their' natives themselves. In this article I discuss two episodes that occurred during my own fieldwork among a group of relatives of victims

  8. Hidden Scholars: Woman Anthropologists and the Native American Southwest, edited by Nancy J. Parezo. Foreword by Nathalie F. S. Woodbury and Richard B. Woodbury. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquer­que. 1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan E. Reyman

    1994-05-01

    Full Text Available A public conference followed by a scholarly symposium was held at Tucson, AZ in March 1986. Co-sponsored by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, The Southwest Institute for Research on Women, the Arizona State Museum, and the Department of Anthropology and the Southwest Center at the University of Arizona, "Daughters of the Desert" brought together more than 20 scholars to discuss the history of women in southwestern anthropology. The conference included an exhibit with an illustrated catalogue: Daughters of the Desert (Babcock and Parezo 1988. Now, with the publication of Hidden Scholars: Woman Anthropologists and the Native American Southwest, we have, as the Woodburys state in their Foreword, "a comprehensive survey of southwestern anthropology" with an expanded history and biographical profiles of some 50-60 of the most important of the more than 1,600 women who have worked in southwestern anthropol­ogy.This volume appears when there is renewed interest in the history of anthropology, the history of women within anthropology (especially American anthropology, and the issue of gender in archaeological research. Recent symposia and conferences have focused on these topics, e.g., ''Women in Archaeology: The Second Annual Symposium on the History of American Archaeology" held at the 54th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology (April 1989, and the entire 22nd Annual Chacmool Conference (November 1989.

  9. Problems in Ethnographic Text Writing--On Works and Lives:The Anthropologist as Author%民族志文本的写作问题1--读格尔兹《论著与生活》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周淑红

    2014-01-01

    《论著与生活:人类学家作为作者》是格尔兹出版于1988年的一本稍微晚近的关于人类学民族志文本写作的书,这本书的中文版在2013年由中国人民大学出版社出版。文章主要就格尔兹在书中所谈的民族志作为一种写作以及由此带来的作者是什么,作品是什么,“作者-功能”是如何实现的等问题进行梳理和总结,并且把格尔兹的这本书放到特定的历史背景中,指出格尔兹其实是对后现代“写文化”论争的一种回应,他们观点有分歧但其实都是对“阐释学科”的进一步探索。%Works and Lives:The Anthropologist as Author is a later book of Geertz about Anthropology Ethno-graphic text writing. The Chinese version of this book is published by Renmin university of China publishing house in 2013.This article mainly review and summarize about ethnography, as a kind of writing and the prob-lem it brought such as what is author, what is the work, The“author-function”is how to implement. This arti-cle put the book in the specific historical background and point that it is a response to the postmodern“writ-ing culture”argument. They have different opinions, but they are both further explorations on“Interpretation of the discipline”.

  10. Anthropologists in/of the neoliberal academy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tracey Heatherington

    2016-08-01

    Contributi di Cris Shore & Susan Wright, Vintilă Mihăilescu, Sarah F. Green, Gabriela Vargas-Cetina & Steffan Igor Ayora-Diaz, Tracey Heatherington, Dimitris Dalakoglou, Noelle Molé Liston, Susana Narotzky, Jaro Stacul, Meredith Welch-Devine, Jon P. Mitchell.

  11. O arquivo de Didier: autobiografia, humanitarismo e imagem em Le Photographe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Palma

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available fico em narrativas contemporâneas é discutida a partir da leitura do romance gráfico Le Photographe (Guibert, Lefèvre, Lemercier. São ressaltados na análise a combinação de mídias e os procedimentos de montagem na formatação da narrativa, bem como as dinâmicas da autoria coletiva no processo de produção/criação. O personagem-narrador experiencia a guerra no Afeganistão pela fotografia, ao acompanhar uma caravana de ajuda médico-humanitária da organização Médicins Sans Frontières. O arquivo de imagens do fotógrafo e suas memórias orais são a base do tecido narrativo, uma mescla de relato autobiográfico, fotojornalismo, literatura e quadrinho. Nessa fusão, há a exposição da materialidade da destruição pela guerra e, ao mesmo tempo, o testemunho das experiências de desestabilização interior do personagem.

  12. Cesare Lombroso: an anthropologist between evolution and degeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzarello, Paolo

    2011-01-01

    Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) was a prominent Italian medical doctor and intellectual in the second half of the nineteenth century. He became world famous for his theory that criminality, madness and genius were all sides of the same psychobiological condition: an expression of degeneration, a sort of regression along the phylogenetic scale, and an arrest at an early stage of evolution. Degeneration affected criminals especially, in particular the "born delinquent" whose development had stopped at an early stage, making them the most "atavistic" types of human being. Lombroso also advocated the theory that genius was closely linked with madness. A man of genius was a degenerate, an example of retrograde evolution in whom madness was a form of "biological compensation" for excessive intellectual development. To confirm this theory, in August 1897, Lombroso, while attending the Twelfth International Medical Congress in Moscow, decided to meet the great Russian writer Lev Tolstoy in order to directly verify, in him, his theory of degeneration in the genius. Lombroso's anthropological ideas fuelled a heated debate on the biological determinism of human behaviour.

  13. Biopolíticas post-foucaultianas. Pensar el gobierno de la vida entre la filosofía política, la sociología y la cartografía del presente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Haidar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La cuestión de la relación entre "política" y "vida", que Michel Foucault problematizara, promediando la década del '70, ha sido retomada por diferentes tradiciones intelectuales. Con sus propias "cajas de herramientas" y políticas de influencias, Giorgio Agamben, Didier Fassin y Dominique Memmi y Nikolas Rose, se ocuparon, todos, de la pregunta por la actualidad del ejercicio del poder sobre la vida. En ese intento recuperaron algunos de los problemas foucaultianos, enfocándolos con elaboraciones conceptuales críticas y recreativas. A pesar de esa inspiración común, las reflexiones sobre la biopolítica provenientes de la filosofía, la sociología y los governmentality studies han permanecido relativamente incomunicadas o, a lo sumo, la relación entre ellas se ha limitado al establecimiento de líneas de demarcación imposibles de cruzar. Como consecuencia de esa deliberada separación, las discusiones e investigaciones actuales que se ocupan de la relación entre "política" y "vida", han terminado configurando formas archipielares, alertas respecto de la mera posibilidad de contaminarse con enunciados foráneos. En un intento por superar esa fragmentación, esta reseña contacta, intercepta y opone argumentos provenientes de esos tres enfoques en torno a un conjunto, común, de problemas.

  14. The Need to Help. The Domestic Arts of International Humanitarism, de Liisa H. Malkki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Fradejas-García

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available La literatura crítica con el humanitarismo ha emergido en el ámbito político internacional para quedarse. Renombrados científicos sociales como Didier Fassin (2012 o Thomas G. Weiss (2016, entre otros, han trabajado sobre los efectos de las intervenciones humanitarias desde diferentes ángulos. Cambiando el clásico enfoque en los beneficiarios, las políticas y los programas para pasar a indagar sobre las organizaciones y los trabajadores humanitarios, Liisa Malkki ha hecho una gran contribución a esta literatura profundizando en el porqué y el cómo de las acciones humanitarias. La autora es conocida por sus reflexiones etnográficas sobre las situaciones de exilio y refugio causadas por las sucesivas guerras y genocidios que asolaron en el último cuarto del siglo XX la zona de los grandes lagos africanos. Durante el genocidio ruandés de 1994, Malkki estaba finalizando un libro sobre un conflicto previo y olvidado en Burundi que provocó la llegada de refugiados hutus a Tanzania. La etnografía resultante, Purity and Exile (1995, explora cómo la violencia política y la cotidianeidad del exilio transforman la identidad y la conciencia histórica de los refugiados.

  15. From science to art and back again: The pendulum of an anthropologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Ingold

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo guarda indietro quattro decenni di carriera da antropologo, iniziati con un orientamento fortemente sbilanciato verso le scienze naturali, per concludersi con un progetto che cerca di integrare l’antropologia con le pratiche artistiche, l’architettura e il design. È stato anche un periodo in cui la scienza è venuta perdendo sempre più il suo orientamento ecologico, mentre le arti lo hanno invece ulteriormente guadagnato. Nel tracciare il mio percorso di insegnamento e ricerca, mostro come sono mutati i punti di riferimento letterari, a partire da alcuni testi fondativi dell’ecologia umana e animale, ora per lo più dimenticati, attraverso tentativi di coniugare il sociale e l’ecologico ispirati al revival marxiano, fino alle scritture contemporanee sul post-umanesimo e la condizione dell’Antropocene. Era questa una scienza fondata sulla tacita meraviglia per la splendida bellezza del mondo naturale e in silenziosa gratitudine per ciò che ad esso dobbiamo per la nostra esistenza. La scienza odierna, tuttavia, ha mercificato la meraviglia e la gratitudine. Esse non guidano più le sue pratiche di ricerca, ma sono piuttosto invocate per pubblicizzarne i risultati. Finalità della scienza sono ormai la modellizzazione, la predizione e il controllo. Non è per questo motivo che ci volgiamo sempre più all’arte per riscoprire l’umiltà che la scienza ha perduto?

  16. The mind of primitive anthropologists: hemoglobin and HLA, patterns of molecular evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Robert C

    2003-08-01

    Frank Livingstone played a central role in defining the population genetics of the sickle cell mutation at position 6 of the human beta globin gene, the most famous amino acid substitution in evolutionary biology. Its discovery occurred at a time when traditional, 19th-century principles of natural selection were being joined with the newly discovered mechanics of DNA structure and protein synthesis to produce Neo-Darwinian theory. When combined with the epidemiology of malaria in Africa, differential mortality for both homozygotes, and the resulting advantage of the heterozygote, sickle cell became the classic balanced polymorphism. Human HLA-A has 237 molecular alleles. The histocompatibility system has as its primary function the presentation of peptides to T-cell receptors and plays an essential role in the immune system. Nearly all of the alleles are codominant and fully functional. Despite almost 30 years of disease-association studies with HLA-A, no convincing evidence has been found for differential fertility or mortality at this locus. Yet the dogma in the histocompatibility field is that this extensive human polymorphism is maintained by "balancing selection." Explaining HLA-A polymorphism is what one might call the sickle-cell-effect. This one mutation, coming as it did at the historical convergence of Darwinian theory and modern genetics, and carrying with it the strong relationship between mutation, disease, and allele frequency, has conditioned our discussion of human genetic variation and population genetics. Has the strength of this early idea made evolutionary biologists uncritical of systems like HLA-A and retarded the search for new mechanisms of molecular evolution? Is it now time to move away from a focus on mutation and polymorphism in evolutionary genetics and toward a systems theory that would explain the origin and evolution of hemoglobin and HLA-A and the biochemical pathways that surround them?

  17. Hmong and Lao Refugee Women: Reflections of a Hmong-American Woman Anthropologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dia Cha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1992, Ms. Dia Cha – then a graduate student in anthropology at Northern Arizona University – traveled to Chieng Kham Refugee and Napho Repatriation Camps in Thailand, and the village of Ban KM 52, inVientiane Province, Laos, to research issues concerning the repatriation to Laos of Lao Lum and Hmong women refugees. This article, originally written upon the return from these travels and in partial fulfillment of the requirements for her Master of Arts degree in Applied Anthropology, considers the findings made and the insights achieved on this journey of discovery. In particular, the work discusses changes and continuity in the lives of Lao Lum and Hmong refugee women in the camps. Also addressed in considerable detail is the impact of the author’s status as an educated Hmong-American woman and former refugee on her interactions with female and male informants residing in the two refugee camps. Ms. Cha, who spent much of her early life in such refugee camps as are herein described, has, in the intervening period, become Dr. Dia Cha, Associate Professor of Anthropology and Ethnic Studies at St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota, USA. The research project she describes was funded by the United Nations Development Fund for Women and executed by the American Friends Service Committee (The Quaker Services. Ms. Jacquelyn Chagnon joined Ms. Cha during the second phrase ofthe research, in Napho Repatriation Center, and later in Laos; however, the following article, produced originally in 1992, was written solely by Ms. Cha.

  18. A Mind for All Seasons: Astronomer, Anthropologist, Reformer Tony Aveni Is Professor of the Year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Anne Lowrey

    1982-01-01

    A profile of Tony Aveni, the 1982 Professor of the Year, is presented. A popular teacher who has also played a central role in founding the discipline for archeoastronomy, he has organized three seminal conferences in the field and has been at the center of curriculum reform at Colgate University. (MLW)

  19. Morphological optimization of female combat sports athletes as seen by the anthropologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burdukiewicz Anna

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Body build and proportions are key determinants of athletic success. The effects of the athlete selection process and discipline-specific training are differentiated body dimensions. The aim of the study was to examine the physical characteristics of female combat athletes. The results of anthropometric measurements of 154 females aged 21.2±1.79 years competing in judo, jiu-jitsu, karate, taekwondo, and fencing for 7.5±3.43 years.

  20. Two-Way Mirror. Anthropologists and Educators Observe Themselves and Each Other.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Anthropological Association, Washington, DC.

    This publication contains two separate reports. Part I, the report of the Anthropology Curriculum Study Project (ACSP), is an accounting of the time, money, and human endeavor involved in curriculum development efforts toward a course in anthropology for the high school curriculum. The document includes four reports of ACSP staff members and nine…

  1. Material Culture and Anthropology-An Interview with Anthropologist Michael Rowlands of the University College London

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MICHAEL Rowlands; BIAN Simei; ZHAO Xiuyun

    2014-01-01

    Prof.Michael Rowlands discusses how to use material culture to explore the for-mation and use of objects , the history of objects , and the relationship between objects and histo-ry .He uses examples drawn from his academic background , and his fieldwork done in Africa and China .He further gives an in-depth discussion on the relationship between material culture and anthropology as well as archaeology and anthropology .He proposes specific views on how to de-velop historical anthropology by using material culture , and the combination of archaeology with anthropology .He states that in the future , the focus of anthropology will shift or move away from America and Europe to the rest of the world , and that it is possible that the current understand-ing of anthropology that comes from European and American Anthropology will no longer be ac-cepted as being the truth .Therefore, finding new ways of thinking is necessary for the future de-velopment of anthropology .

  2. The Review of and Reaction to Selected Anthropology Projects by Professional Anthropologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dynneson, Thomas L.; Taylor, Bob L.

    The main concern of this paper is to determine the accuracy and representativeness of anthropology material from: Anthropology Curriculum Project (ACP); Education Development Center's Man A Course of Study (MACOS); Materials and Activities for Teachers and Children (MATCH); University of Minnesota's Project Social Studies; Anthropology Curriculum…

  3. How to make stone soup: Is the "Paleo diet" a missed opportunity for anthropologists?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Melanie L; Nowell, April

    2016-09-01

    For the past few years, people everywhere have been "going Paleo." Websites and social media touting the benefits of eating a "Paleo diet" and following a "Paleolithic life style" serve as calls to arms for health-conscious individuals seeking information about the latest health and fitness trends. Many of these people participate in programs such as Crossfit, which involve major social and life-style modification components and therefore facilitate the dissemination of dietary fads.(1) The PALEOf(x)(TM) conference, which bills itself as "the world's premier holistic wellness event," has attracted sellout crowds of thousands of attendees for the last four years.(2) Consumers can wear Paleo clothing, download Paleo shopping and exercise apps to their smartphones, order prepackaged Paleo food, prepare it using Paleo cooking implements, or expediently buy Paleo convenience foods from Paleodiet™ vending machines(3) and "Cultured Caveman" food trucks.(4) The Paleo diet is touted by movie stars, reality TV personalities, and professional athletes, including LeBron James and the entire Miami Dolphins NFL team.(5,6) Books with titles such as The Primal Blueprint,(7) Cavewomen Don't Get Fat,(8) and Paleo Perfected(9) (the latter by the stodgy America's Test Kitchen) are legion, and many are bestsellers.

  4. Revisión Crítica: Biopolíticas post-foucaultianas. Pensar el gobierno de la vida entre la filosofía política, la sociología y la cartografía del presente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Haidar

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available La cuestión de la relación entre “política” y “vida”, que Michel Foucault problematizara, promediando la década del ’70, ha sido retomada por diferentes tradiciones intelectuales. Con sus propias “cajas de herramientas” y políticas de influencias, Giorgio Agamben, Didier Fassin y Dominique Memmi y Nikolas Rose, se ocuparon, todos, de la pregunta por la actualidad del ejercicio del poder sobre la vida. En ese intento recuperaron algunos de los problemas foucaultianos, enfocándolos con elaboraciones conceptuales críticas y recreativas. A pesar de esa inspiración común, las reflexiones sobre la biopolítica provenientes de la filosofía, la sociología y los governmentality studies han permanecido relativamente incomunicadas o, a lo sumo, la relación entre ellas se ha limitado al establecimiento de líneas de demarcación imposibles de cruzar. Como consecuencia de esa deliberada separación, las discusiones e investigaciones actuales que se ocupan de la relación entre “política” y “vida”, han terminado configurando formas archipielares, alertas respecto de la mera posibilidad de contaminarse con enunciados foráneos. En un intento por superar esa fragmentación, esta reseña contacta, intercepta y opone argumentos provenientes de esos tres enfoques en torno a un conjunto, común, de problemas.

  5. Nuytens Williams, Préface de Didier Demazière, La popularité du football. Sociologie des supporters à Lens et à Lille

    OpenAIRE

    Delobelle, A.

    2011-01-01

    Par opposition à l’habitude qui est principalement une réponse technique au pro­blème posé par la manipulation d’un objet et qui, en conséquence, est hétéronome ou entièrement dépendante des lois physiques, le rite est au contraire un mixte de paroles et de gestes qui, autonome, se déploie dans l’espace-temps de la manière la plus arbi­traire et la plus singulière et qui, étant chargé de subjectivité, se rapporte essentielle­ment à la personne vivante. Aussi l’habitude appartient-elle plutôt ...

  6. First record of Hydrolagus melanophasma James, Ebert, Long & Didier, 2009 (Chondrichthyes, Chimaeriformes, Holocephali from the southeastern Pacific Ocean Primer registro de Hydrolagus melanophasma James, Ebert, Long & Didier, 2009 (Chondrichthyes, Chimaeriformes, Holocephali en el Océano Pacífico suroriental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Bustamante

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The eastern Pacific black ghost shark, Hydrolagus melanophasma is reported from deep waters off Chile and is described from specimens collected off Valdivia at depths of 1150 to 1720 m. This species is distinguished from all other members of the genus by its large, curved dorsal fin spine, which extends beyond the dorsal fin apex; a second dorsal fin of uniform height along the caudal peduncle; large pectoral fins extending beyond the pelvic fin insertion; and a uniform black color of the body. Catch records of this species in Chile suggest a discontinuous distribution along the continental slope of the eastern Pacific Ocean, restricted to the Middle America and Atacama trenches. These observations elevate the number of chimaeroid fishes inhabiting Chile to five species.La quimera negra del Pacífico este, Hydrolagus melanophasma es reportada desde aguas profundas frente a Chile y se describe a partir de especímenes colectados en Valdivia en profundidades ente 1150 y 1720 m. Esta especie se diferencia de los otros miembros del género por su larga y curvada espina dorsal, la cual se extiende más allá del ápice de la aleta dorsal; presenta una segunda aleta dorsal de altura uniforme a lo largo del pedúnculo caudal; grandes aletas pectorales que se proyectan sobre la inserción de las aletas pélvicas, además de su coloración negra uniforme en el cuerpo. Los registros de captura de esta especie en Chile sugieren una distribución discontinua a lo largo del talud continental del océano Pacifico este, restringido a las fosas oceánicas de Atacama y Mesoamérica. Estas observaciones aumentan a cinco el número de especies de peces Chimaeriformes que habitan aguas chilenas.

  7. THE PUERTO RICAN FAMILY AND THE ANTHROPOLOGIST--OSCAR LEWIS, "LA VIDA," AND THE CULTURE OF POVERTY. REVIEW ARTICLE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    CORDASCO, FRANK M.

    QUESTIONS ARE RAISED IN THIS BOOK REVIEW OF "LA VIDA" ABOUT OSCAR LEWIS'S CONCEPT OF THE "CULTURE OF POVERTY" AND ABOUT THE TYPICALITY OF THE RIOS FAMILY, AN ISSUE CENTRAL TO THE VALIDITY OF THE BOOK'S CONCLUSIONS. FEARS ARE EXPRESSED ABOUT THE POPULARIZATION OF THE BOOK'S FINDINGS AND THEIR WIDESPREAD APPLICATION. THIS ARTICLE IS PUBLISHED IN…

  8. Translation, Adaptation or Amputation? Arctic Explorer-Writer-Anthropologist Peter Freuchen's Little-Known Danish Translation of Moby Dick

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klitgård, Ida

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses how the simplification of adaptation can actually empower a translation with a historically and culturally significant function. The study analyses and discusses the fairly unknown first Danish translation of Herman Melville’s classic novel Moby Dick made in 1942. The trans......This article discusses how the simplification of adaptation can actually empower a translation with a historically and culturally significant function. The study analyses and discusses the fairly unknown first Danish translation of Herman Melville’s classic novel Moby Dick made in 1942...

  9. The “artistic knowledge” of an anthropologist and the cultural studies in peru. on a forgotten work of Jose Maria Arguedas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Javier Rivera Andía

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This text aims to make some questions about the reasons why an ethnographic archive joined by Jose Maria Arguedas has remained unpublished until now. Mainly, it is suggested that this lack of attention to a source like this may be related to a the way in which Arguedas conceived the production of knowledge in Anthropology.

  10. Opening talk of Didier Houssin, head of the direction of raw materials and hydrocarbons. Talk of Gerard Piketty, head of CEP and M at the CEP and M-COPREP day of October 10, 2000, corresponding to the 50. anniversary of FSH. Talk of Gilbert Rutman head of COPREP; Discours d'ouverture de Didier Houssin Directeur des matieres premieres et des hydrocarbures. Allocation de Gerard Piketty, president du CEP and M a la journee CEP and M-COPREP du 10 octobre 2000, marquant par ailleurs le 50. anniversaire du FSH. Discours de Gilbert Rutman president du COPREP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houssin, D.; Piketty, G. [Comite d' Etudes Petrolieres et Marines, 92 - Paris la Defense (France); Rutman, G. [COPREP, (France)

    2000-07-01

    These articles report on the different opening talks of D. Housin, G. Piketty and G. Rutman. D. Houssin, head of the direction of raw materials and hydrocarbons, analyzes the main events of the petroleum industry for the year 2000 (oil crisis, oil prices, hydrocarbons market, para-petroleum sector etc..). G. Piketty, head of CEP and M, recalls some highlights of CEP and M's history, while G. Rutman, head of COPREP, briefly evokes the activities of his own technical committee. (J.S.)

  11. Visual Anthropological Study in Image Times——An Interview with Anthropologists (48)%图像时代的视觉人类学研究——人类学学者访谈录之四十八

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄世杰; Senkey; 谢勤亮; 邓启耀

    2008-01-01

    视觉人类学除去它所包含的艺术和科技的成分之外.反映了人类学一个最根本的人文价值取向,即关注视觉背后的人的生存和发展状态;同时,除了通过影视手段记录、表达民族志或人类文化内客及观念的拍摄和研究,它还应该研究视觉工具与人类视觉力的开发,研究视觉认知与视觉思维、视觉符号、视觉表达、视觉传播及视觉文化的传承模式等,另外,关于视觉文化的社会分层、社会控制、时代意象等,都应该是当代视觉人类学关注的问题.

  12. Bali Unforgettable:Clifford Geertz,in Memory of the Mentor of Interpretative Anthropologists%难忘巴厘岛——纪念解释人类学大师克利福德·格尔兹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨清媚

    2007-01-01

    20世纪60年代,一个人类学重生的时代,克利福德·格尔兹(Clifford Geertz)被认为是醒目的路标,标志着人类学“象征论”时代的来临。他所致力的“文化的解释”(the interpretation of culture)的人类学、微观的深描(thick description)式的民族志以及所关注的地方性知识(local knowledge)的意义,改变了人类学以往带着放大镜去穷追社会与文化因果关系的形象,打破了对文化逻辑性的自我建构的迷信。因为在象征人类学者看来,人文世界是一个充满各种符号和象征的巨大场景,生活在其间的人们,其行为可以被视为一种游戏,或者是一场表演,或者是一本小说,又或者是你来我往的传情达意等等,生活是细节化的,也是无比鲜活的。

  13. The Indiviual, the Couple and the Family : Social and Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Defence date: 8 June 2007 Examining board: Prof. Peter Wagner, Supervisor, EUI ; Prof. Donatella Della Porta, EUI ; Prof. Eric Fassin, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris ; Prof. Jeffrey Weeks, University of the South Bank, London First made available online 25 June 2015. This study analyzes the role of social and legal transformations regarding homosexuality in the construction of gay and lesbian identities. In this respect, the recognition of same-sex couples constitutes a fundamental ...

  14. Nawoord: Over veldwerk en antropologie als wetenschap

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Yme; Zwier, Gerrit Jan

    2017-01-01

    Since the 1970s anthropologists write in a more reflexive way about their fieldwork. Anthropologist and travel author Gerrit Jan Zwier wrote a book about the rise of this genre. He asked the historian and anthropologist Yme Kuiper to add an epilogue to a new edition of his classic (first published i

  15. Medical Anthropology and Anthropology Studies in Southwest China——An Interview with Professor Elisabeth Hsu, an Anthropologist%医学人类学与中国西南地区的人类学研究——人类学学者访谈录之七十八

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖坤冰; Elisabeth Hsu

    2016-01-01

    以英国牛津大学Elisabeth Hsu教授的学术经历为线索,介绍20世纪70年代以来医学人类学在欧洲的历史与发展,同时探讨了中国西南地区在世界民族志书写中的意义、影视人类学等新技术手段在田野调查中的应用及西南地区的物质文化研究等.

  16. Subjective Ethnography and Paradigm Transition of Ethnography——An Interview with Professor Zhu Bingxiang, an Anthropologist%主体民族志与民族志范式变迁——人类学学者访谈录之七十九

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐杰舜; 朱炳祥

    2016-01-01

    全球化时代的“人类学”应该回归它原初的“研究人类的科学”的学术使命,重视其“人的研究”的内涵,故而,民族志也就应该执行“志人”的任务,从而成为“人志”“人类志”.提出“主体民族志”的概念既是基于对科学民族志与后现代民族志表述困境的思考.主体民族志是研究作为主体的“人”本身的一种志书,“主体”是指具有目的性与创造性的人,对于民族志的研究与写作而言,是指创造了民族志文本的人,而创造文本则是由三种不同的主体共同创造的.因此,主体民族志是由三重主体共同叙事的民族志文本.

  17. Global health intervention from North to South: (Academic) preparation of students

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi; Rasmussen, Louise Mubanda

    2015-01-01

    psychiatry/ psychology (Fernando), culture-centered health communication (Dutta) and medical anthropology (Farmer, Nguyen & Lock). The course is framed around a critical conceptualization of globalisation covering spatial and ideological dimensions (Fassin). Today’s practice of global health interventions......), are in focus because the interventions influence both the agents of intervention and the targets. The course seeks to create a balance between the expert knowledge position and local knowledge systems through a multi-contextual combination of theory and practice. The chapter illustrates how students...

  18. The Jobs behind the Science

    CERN Multimedia

    Jacques Fichet; Jules Ordan; Anna Cook; Jacques Fichet

    2015-01-01

    Recruitments service promotes this clip "The Jobs behind the Science" Réalisé par Jules Ordan Produit par Jacques Fichet Voix off Anna Cook Musique : Unphased. Les musiciens: - Carlos Rosales - Tim McGarry - Ary Porat - Elio Jaillet - Jules Ordan - Didier Fellay

  19. Pariisi kiri. Kevadine raamatuhooaeg : [1999. a.] / Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Marek, 1973-

    1999-01-01

    Ka Pariisi rahvusvahelisest raamatumessist. Rets. rmt.: Genette, Gérard. Figures IV. S. l. : Seuil, 1999; Eribon, Didier. Arutlused gay-küsimusest. Pariis : Fayard, 1999. Eco, Umberto. Kant ja nokkloom. Pariis : Grasset, 1999 (prantsuse keeles, originaal itaalia k.: Milaano: Bompiani, 1997)

  20. French Research in Acoustics and Signal Processing: Report on Introductory Visit

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    3. Saint-Felix, Didier, Du-Xue-Cheng, and Guy Demoment. "Image Deconvolution Using 2-D Non-Causal Fast Kalman Filters," to be published in...Definition d’une Densite Energetique et Realisation Physique de Filtres Bidimensionnels," Dixieme Colloque sur le Traitement du Signal et ses

  1. Grimontia indica AK16T, sp. nov., isolated from a seawater sample reports the presence of pathogenic genes similar to Vibrio Genus

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Aditya, S.; Bhumika, V.; Khatri, I.; Srinivas, T.N.R.; Subramanian, S.; Korpole, S.; AnilKumar, P.

    /cgi-bin/GOLD/index.cgi. Accessed 2013 Mar 7. 3. Jean-Christophe L, Khalid E, Romain R, Carine C, Didier R, et al. (2012) Non contiguous-finished genome sequence and description of Senegalemassilia anaerobia gen. nov., sp. nov. Stand Genomic Sci 7: 343–356. 4. Kokcha S, Mishra AK...

  2. West Europe Report Tables of Contents JPRS-WER-86-064, 2 July 1986 JPRS-WER-86-124, 31 Dec 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-03-30

    FRANCE Deployment of New Floating Bridge Reported ( Robert Yvon; TAM, Apr 86) ................. 44 NORWAY Poll Shows Increased Support for Armed... Robert ; LE MONDE, 17 Jun 86) . ICELAND - a - 18 Hafskip Bankruptcy Widening Into National Scandal (Marjatta Isberg; HELSINGIN SANOMAT, 14 Jun 86...Maneuvers Reported With FRG, by Henri de Bresson Reservist Exercises Near Dijon Described, by Didier Cornaille - c - 101 209 SPAIN DGA Representative

  3. Sarkozy’s image as a strong leader is helping him narrow the gap with Hollande, but it will not be sufficient to balance out his poor economic record.

    OpenAIRE

    Didier, Thomas; Nadeau, Richard; Lewis-Beck, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Thomas Didier, Richard Nadeau and Michael S Lewis-Beck examine the 2012 French presidential election from two standpoints: first, a retrospective dimension emphasizes the burden of Sarkozy’s poor record as a president. Second, a prospective dimension highlights how Sarkozy’s image is playing in his favour – but not enough to secure a victory.

  4. Ligne Roset soliidne salong lõpuks ka Tallinnas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas Tartu mnt. 6 avati Prantsuse firma Ligne Roset sisustussalong. 1890. a. asutatud firmast, mis alates aastast 1946 keskendus modernsele mööblile. Firma tooteid on aidanud kujundada disainerid Didier Gomez, Peter Malay, Pascal Mourgue ja vennad Bouroullec'd

  5. Arhitektuuriuudiseid laiast maailmast - piiratud ruum / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Laevmaja Hollandis Muggenbeet'is (arhitekt Arnoud Olie, 2004-2005), noore pere korter Pariisis (arhitektid Nicola ja Adelaide Marchi, 2005), loft house Nagoyas (Shinichi Ogawa & Associates, 2005), eksperimentaalne elamu Lucky Drops Tokyos (Atelire Tekuto + Masahiro Ikeda CO., LMT., 2005), galeriikorter Cafe Au Lit Pariisis (arhitektid Didier Fuzia Faustino, Pascal Mazoyer, Bureau des Mesarchitectures, 2005), Studio D Tokyos (Hiroyuki Arima + Urban Fourth, 2005)

  6. Indefinite Reenlistment and Noncommissioned Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    particular, we are grateful to Lt. Col. Didier Speleers and Col. Carlo Wouters (recently retired) of the Belgium Army; Col. François Phil- bert...important information about the enlisted personnel systems in their respective countries. We acknowledge the contributions of Laura Castaneda , who con

  7. Kaks uut näitust Kunstihoones

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    20. detsembrist Tallinna Kunstihoones kontseptuaalne kunstiprojekt "Expat-Art-Centre" (koostaja Mathieu Copeland, osalevad Brian Eno, Pierre Huyghe, Ben Kinmont, Claude Leveque, Didier Marcel, Olivier Mosset, Shimabuku, Dan Walsh, Ian Wilson) ning Tallinna Linnagaleriis Marko Mäetamme "Mälestusnäitus"

  8. Discours polemique, refutation et resolution des sequences conversationnelles (Argumentative Discourse, Refutation and Outcome of Conversational Sequences).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeschler, Jacques

    1981-01-01

    Analyzes the strategies employed in terminating conversational exchanges, with particular attention to argumentative sequences. Examines the features that distinguish these sequences from those that have a transactional character, and discusses the patterns of verbal interaction attendant to negative responses. Societe Nouvelle Didier Erudition,…

  9. ["There can be no unnecessary risks"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Enrique

    2015-01-01

    The psychoanalytical point of view regarding the notion of risks helps us to understand the concept of transference and counter transference. Practice analysis groups provide an opportunity for collective discussion and the sharing of experience of clinical situations. Interview with Didier Gauchy, a psychiatrist-psychoanalyst in Lyon.

  10. The team responsible for modifying the L3 magnet doors for the ALICE experiment

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    First row from left to right: Vladimir Borkov (ITEP), Vladimir Bocharov (ITEP) and Vladimir Petrov(ITEP). 2nd row from left to right: Didier Anstett (SOTEB), Bernard Bourgade (DBS Transport), Sebastien Evrard (EST-LEA), Ferdinando Dalla Santa (EP-AIO), Igor Vetlitskiy (ITEP) and Luigi Pigni (EST-LEA)

  11. Shifting positions between anthropology, religion and development: the case of Christianity

    OpenAIRE

    De Geest, S.

    2011-01-01

    Anthropologists in Africa used to have an ambivalent relationship with missionary Christianity and international development work. Being active in the same areas but with different intentions reinforced mutual stereotypes and added to the uneasiness. This seems to be changing now. Christianity has passed its missionary stage and is now an African religion, interesting to study for anthropologists and ‘applied anthropology’ allows anthropologists to make their discipline more meaningful and re...

  12. Epidemiologists working together with anthropologists: lessons from a study to evaluate the epidemiological impact of a city-wide sanitation program Los epidemiólogos y antropólogos que trabajan juntos: lecciones de un estudio para evaluar el impacto epidemiológico de un programa de saneamiento urbano Epidemiologistas e antropólogos trabalhando juntos: lições de um estudo para avaliar o impacto epidemiológico de um programa de saneamento urbano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio L. Barreto

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the role of qualitative approaches in epidemiological studies, beginning with a general discussion of epidemiological and anthropological methods. It focuses on a case study of the health impact of an environmental intervention carried out in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Most of the precedent studies fields, based on primary date, use to devote little attention to the methodological and theorethical questions attached to long-term studies. Four specific aspects of this experience are highlighted: (a drawing up epidemiological study; (b construction of an observational instrument to measure hygiene habits; (c an ethnographic study that was carried out before the epidemiological study; (d observation of the effects of health intervention on health inequalities. Finally, the report details how the findings of qualitative and quantitative studies might be synthesized. It provides a critical overview of follow-up strategies, illustrated with proper examples whenever possible.En este artículo se discute el papel de los enfoques cualitativos en los estudios epidemiológicos, comenzando con una discusión general de ambos métodos. Se centra en un estudio de caso sobre el impacto en la salud de una intervención ambiental en Salvador, Bahía, Brasil. La mayoría de los estudios en esta línea, que se deriven de la fuente principal de la investigación, aporta poca discusión sobre los aspectos metodológicos y teóricos que participan en estudios a largo plazo. Cuatro aspectos específicos de esta experiencia son especialmente prominentes: (a elaboración de cuestionarios para el estudio epidemiológico; (b la construcción de un instrumento para medir los hábitos de higiene de observación; (c un estudio etnográfico que precedió a la investigación epidemiológica; (d observación de los efectos de las intervenciones sanitarias sobre las desigualdades en salud. Por último, el estudio considera en detalle cómo los resultados de los estudios cualitativos y cuantitativos se pueden sintetizar. Proporciona una visión general y crítica de estrategias de seguimiento, ilustraciones siempre que sea posible, con ejemplos apropiados.Este artigo discute o papel das abordagens qualitativas em estudos epidemiológicos, começando com uma discussão geral de ambos os métodos. Centra-se em um estudo de caso sobre o impacto na saúde de uma intervenção ambiental em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. A maioria de estudos nesta linha, que derivam de pesquisas de fonte primária, traz pouca discussão sobre as questões metodológicas e teóricas envolvidas em estudos em longo prazo. Quatro aspectos específicos dessa experiência são especialmente destacados: (a elaboração de questionários para o estudo epidemiológico; (b construção de um instrumento observacional para medir os hábitos de higiene; (c um estudo etnográfico que antecedeu a pesquisa epidemiológica; (d observação dos efeitos da intervenção de saúde sobre as desigualdades de saúde. Finalmente, o estudo considera em detalhe como os resultados dos estudos qualitativos e quantitativos podem ser sintetizados. Ele fornece uma visão geral e crítica das estratégias de acompanhamento, ilustrada, sempre que possível, com exemplos apropriados.

  13. Cognitive anthropology is a cognitive science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boster, James S

    2012-07-01

    Cognitive anthropology contributes to cognitive science as a complement to cognitive psychology. The chief threat to its survival has not been rejection by other cognitive scientists but by other cultural anthropologists. It will remain a part of cognitive science as long as cognitive anthropologists research, teach, and publish.

  14. Civil Reconnaissance; Separating the Insurgent From the Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Montagne , "Interview: Anna Simons and Catherine Lutz on the involvement of anthropologists in war," National Public Radio’s Morning Edition, 14 August 2002...Military Review March-April 2005. Montagne , Renee "Interview: Anna Simons and Catherine Lutz on the involvement of anthropologists in war

  15. Hope dies last: two aspects of hope in contemporary Moscow

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zigon, J.

    2009-01-01

    The concept of hope has, for the most part, been neglected by anthropologists. Recently, however, hope has been analyzed by two prominent anthropologists who view it either as a passive attitude or a future-oriented stance toward a good. My research in Moscow, Russia, suggests that hope is not so ea

  16. Nougé (Paul), René Magritte (in extenso). Préface d’Olivier Smolders

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Alors que les commémorations du centenaire de la naissance de René Magritte vont bon train, nous revenons à un livre publié par Didier Devillez en 1997. L’éditeur y a rassemblé des textes écrits par celui qui fut le mentor de l’artiste au moment décisif de l’orientation qu’il avait prise dans sa peinture, ce qui devrait nous valoir un portrait de Magritte sous l’œil de Nougé. En intitulant son livre René Magritte (in extenso), Didier Devillez s’engageait à donner une sorte de publication inté...

  17. WWII U.S. General of the Army Officers: A Selective Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    N.Y., NY: Didier, E35M3 c1945. E836 Morin , Relman. Dwight D. Eisenhower; A Guauge of Greatnee3, M6 N.Y., NY: Simon and Schuster, c1969. E836 Nadich...U51 Puryear, Edgar F., Jr. 19 Stars, A Study in Military Character P8 and Leadership, 2d ed., Novato, CA: Presidio Pr., c1981. E181 Shoemaker

  18. 传记中的死亡:鲁迅与福柯

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹清华

    2009-01-01

    想来,我认真读过的传记有好多部了。而重复阅读的恐怕唯有鲁迅传与福柯传。前者是王晓明的《无法直面的人生——鲁迅传》,后者乃Didier Eribon所著Michel Foucault的英译本(Cambridge &Massachusetts)。

  19. 乐斯福上海烘焙中心举行MOF SHOW活动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秋莹

    2010-01-01

    日前,乐斯福上海烘焙中心展开了一场为期两天的“MOF SHOW”活动。来自法国的Meilleurs Ouvrierde France(简称MOF)大师Didier Chouet先生为现场烘焙业界的来宾们展示了欧式烘焙工艺的最高技艺和制作流程。

  20. An Annotated Bibliography of the Open Literature on Deception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-01

    Daniel and Herbig (eds.), Strategic Military Deception. New York and London: Pergamon Press, 1982, pp. 151-173. Schorr, David, "The Trigon Caper ...Swindling and Selling. Free Press, 1976. Lindey, A., Plagiarism and Originality. New York: Harper & Bros., 1952. Lockard, Joan S., Barbara C. Kirkevold, and...Palsky, N., Hustlers, Beats and Others. Garden City, New York: Anchor, 1969. Pilisuk, Marc, Barbara Brandes, and Didier van den Hove, "Deceptive

  1. Näitus nagu kuu / Anders Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härm, Anders, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Näitusest "Expat-Art-Centre" Tallinna Kunstihoone fuajees, Ku fassaadil ja Ku-Ku kohvikus kuni 12. I. Näituse ja sellega kaasneva ajakirja on koostanud Mathieu Copeland, osalevad Brian Eno, Pierre Huyghe (sünd. 1962), Ben Kinmont, Claude Leveque (sünd. 1953), Didier Marcel, Olivier Mosset (sünd. 1933), Shimabuku (sünd. 1969), Dan Walsh (sünd. 1962), Ian Wilson (sünd. 1940)

  2. International Conference on Organometallic Chemistry (13th) Held in Torino, Europe on 4-9 September 1988. Abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-09

    VINYLCYCLOBUTANE SYSTEMS Titus A. 3enny, Institut de chimie organique , Universlt6 de Fribourg, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland Although facile ring opening of...Didier Aetruc Laboratoi , do Chimie organique at OrganowdtatZique, U.A. CURS NO 35 Univeraitd de Bordeauz 1, 351, coure de la UL.bdration, 33400 Tatence...Etienne and Hervd des Abbayes Laboratoire de Chimie Organique des Eldments de Transition, UA CNRS 322 Universitd de Bretagne Occidentale, 29287 Brest

  3. A glowing tribute to CERN craftsmanship

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Didier Lombard, metalworker in EST Division, has been crowned 'France's Top Craftsman'. It's the second time this prestigious title has been bestowed upon a CERN staff member. The reputation of CERN's craftsmanship outside the Laboratory just keeps on growing! For the second time in a row, a member of EST Division's Manufacturing Facilities Group has been named France's Top Craftsman. After Michel Caccioppoli in 1997, Didier Lombard has now taken his place on the roll of honour. This triennial competition seeks to honour workers and skilled craftspeople in two hundred different trades, from pastry-makers and painters to lacemakers and goldsmiths. To win the medal, competitors must produce an object on the basis of a compulsory specification. 3412 competitors entered this 21st edition of the contest, which covered the period 1997 to 2000. Only 846 of the original entrants eventually presented their work and in the end only 321 were honoured - just two in Didier Lombard's category, metalworking. To be fair, the...

  4. Cancer and the Comics: Graphic Narratives and Biolegitimate Lives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMullin, Juliet

    2016-06-01

    Cancer graphic narratives, I argue, are part of a medical imaginary that includes representations of difference and biomedical technology that engage Fassin's (2009) concept of biolegitimacy. Framed in three parts, the argument first draws on discourses about cancer graphic narratives from graphic medicine scholars and authors to demonstrate a construction of universal suffering. Second, I examine tropes of hope and difference as a biotechnical embrace. Finally, I consider biosociality within the context of this imaginary and the construction of a meaningful life. Autobiographical graphic narrative as a creative genre that seeks to give voice to individual illness experiences in the context of biomedicine raises anthropological questions about the interplay between the ordinary and biolegitmate. Cancer graphic narratives deconstruct the big events to demonstrate the ordinary ways that a life constructed as different becomes valued through access to medical technologies.

  5. The challenge of comparative health policy research for applied medical anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, C E

    1984-01-01

    In this paper I argue that medical anthropologists can work in settings outside of academia to effect policy and that this work can simultaneously contribute to scientific knowledge and to the discipline of anthropology. In doing this, I first discuss the concept of policy and bind these ideas within the framework of health policy. Then I discuss the roles of anthropologists in the health policy field and the problems of selecting issues for research and the concern about the dichotomy between pure and applied research. Finally, I review some key health policy issues in American society and discuss how medical anthropologists can work toward practicing their craft in practical ways.

  6. Amistades Internacionales como contribución a la paz. La correspondencia entre Paul Rivet y Theodor Koch - Grünberg en el contexto de la Primera Guerra Mundial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Kraus.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the correspondence between the French anthropologist paul rivet (1876-1958, and the german anthropologist theodor Koch-grünberg (1872-1924 after the First World War. the letters illustrate how both anthropologists struggled to reactivate the scientifc exchange between the two nations which had been interrupted by the war. their interest in common research themes, which had always transcended their national borders, established a collaborative attempt to overcome hostility and further appreciate international discourses over national ideologies.

  7. Aide-toi, le ciel t’aidera !

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Messu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur, qui a lui-même analysé les transformations des systèmes et dispositifs de la protection sociale française et en a fourni une interprétation socio-historique conduite en termes d’« assurance d’assistance », discute l’approche de Didier Vrancken dans son ouvrage Nouvel ordre protectionnel. Il s’attache d’abord à circonscrire en quoi cette approche nous amène à renouveler les conceptions qui avaient cours en matière d’analyse sociologique des systèmes de protection sociale élaborés au cours du xxe siècle. Il cherche ensuite à en apprécier l’exacte portée novatrice et les limites dans lesquelles elle se situe, avant de proposer, en repérant certains des travers de l’approche de Didier Vrancken, quelques éléments de compréhension, d’ajustement ou de développement de la thèse centrale de son ouvrage. Celui-ci comportant trois grands chapitres, ils sont discutés séparément.Help yourself, and the gods will help you! Concerning Didier Vrancken’s Nouvel ordre protectionnelThe author, who has himself analysed the transformation of French social policy systems and organisations and who has presented a social-historical interpretation in terms of an “insurance for state aids”, discusses Didier Vrancken’s approach in his book Nouvel ordre protectionnel. He concentrates first on identifying to what extent this approach leads us to renew the conceptions that dominated sociological analyses of social protection systems during the 20th century. He then critically examines the approach’s real pertinence as well as its limits. Finally, having identified some inconsistencies of Didier Vrancken’s argument, he proposes a number of ideas in order to understand, adjust or develop the central argument of his book.¡Ayúdate a ti mismo y el cielo te ayudará! Apuntes sobre Nouvel ordre protectionnel (Nuevo orden « protectivo » de Didier VranckenEl autor ha efectuado un análisis de las

  8. Anthropology: The Long Lives of Fairy Tales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagel, Mark

    2016-04-04

    Anthropologists, borrowing techniques from evolutionary biology, have demonstrated that some common fairy tales can be traced back 5,000 years, or more, long before the development of written traditions.

  9. To understand Poland / Joanna Bar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bar, Joanna

    2003-01-01

    Uurimustest Poola igapäevaelu kohta Nõukogude perioodil : Wedel, Janine. The private Poland : an anthropologist look at everyday life ; Dziğiel, Leszek. Paradise in a concrete cage : daily life in communist Poland. Krak̤w, 1998

  10. Reflections on the future of anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosa, Richard

    2009-12-01

    In his plenary session entitled Five Questions on the Future, Harvard anthropologist Arthur Kleinman capitalized on the 2009 Society for Medical Anthropology Conference's theme of Medical Anthropology at the Intersections to speculate on the future of the discipline.

  11. 75 FR 5105 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department... Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI. The human remains and associated funerary... anthropologist in the Anthropology Department at Western Michigan University, studied the human remains....

  12. 75 FR 67998 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-04

    ... Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI AGENCY: National..., Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI. The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from... physical anthropologist in the Anthropology Department at Western Michigan University, studied the...

  13. An Osteological Analysis of the Scott's Lake Bluff Population

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Archeologists and physical anthropologists have coordinated their research efforts toward an understanding of the biological population in its cultural setting for...

  14. Interview with Keith Hart

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    One hour interview, filmed and interviewed by Alan Macfarlane, takes the life to 1984... Hopefully to be continued Interview of Keith Hart on 12th April 2006 at the Association of Social Anthropologists Conference at Keele University

  15. WG "Freiberufliche osteoanthropologen" (AFOA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jungklaus, Bettina; Berszin, Carola

    2014-01-01

    Due to a continuous process of dismantling within the university system, the number of freelance anthropologists has increased. In 2011 a group of experienced anthropologists founded the "Workgroup Freelance Osteoanthropologists (AFOA)". Its members developed a codex and guidelines in order to ensure a high quality for serious anthropological work. Furthermore workshops take place to discuss methods and current issues. Short reports given in this article present a small selection of projects conducted by some members of the AFOA.

  16. Lenses – Light, Bodies and Representations. A paper on the optical device that enables visual perception through representation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehder, Mads

    I will discuss the many unique lenses available to visual anthropological research and how a nuanced and differentiated view on them can be the key to understanding the complexity of the representations we, as visual anthropologist, are creating.......I will discuss the many unique lenses available to visual anthropological research and how a nuanced and differentiated view on them can be the key to understanding the complexity of the representations we, as visual anthropologist, are creating....

  17. Writing Irataba

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pharao Hansen, Magnus

    2016-01-01

    and anthropological knowledge and Wikipedia's policies establishing how to authorize and re-represent narratives. These dilemmas point out to us, as 21st-century anthropologists, that we have a responsibility for being the stewards of the knowledge created by anthropologists past as well as for correcting...... their mistakes and guiding the global public of readers and writers when they make forays into our traditional territories....

  18. Lost in Translation: The Importance of Retaining Army Sociocultural Capabilities in an Era of Persistent Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    thinking.”21 Anthropologist Clifford Geertz , a cultural anthropologist provides a more academic definition of culture from a social science perspective as...MITRE Corporation McLean, VA, 12 September 2006. Document Number 07-1220/MITRE Technical Report MTR070244. 74 Geertz , Clifford . The Interpretation of...2013). 22Clifford Geertz , The Interpretation of Cultures (New York: Basic Books, 1973), 89. 23Ibid., 15. 13

  19. Integrating forensic anthropology into Disaster Victim Identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mundorff, Amy Z

    2012-06-01

    This paper will provide mass fatality emergency planners, police, medical examiners, coroners and other Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) personnel ways to integrate forensic anthropologists into DVI operations and demonstrate how anthropological contributions have improved DVI projects. In mass disaster situations, anthropologists have traditionally been limited to developing biological profiles from skeletal remains. Over the past decade, however, anthropologists' involvement in DVI has extended well beyond this traditional role as they have taken on increasingly diverse tasks and responsibilities. Anthropological involvement in DVI operations is often dictated by an incident's specific characteristics, particularly events involving extensive fragmentation, commingling, or other forms of compromised remains. This paper will provide examples from recent DVI incidents to illustrate the operational utility of anthropologists in the DVI context. The points where it is most beneficial to integrate anthropologists into the DVI process include: (1) during recovery at the disaster scene; (2) at the triage station as remains are brought into the mortuary; and (3) in conducting the reconciliation process. Particular attention will be paid to quality control and quality assurance measures anthropologists have developed and implemented for DVI projects. Overall, this paper will explain how anthropological expertise can be used to increase accuracy in DVI while reducing the project's cost and duration.

  20. Determination of Pu content in a Spent Fuel Assembly by Measuring Passive Total Neutron count rate and Multiplication with the Differential Die-Away Instrument

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henzl, Vladimir [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Stephen J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-13

    Inspired by approach of Bignan and Martin-Didier (ESARDA 1991) we introduce novel (instrument independent) approach based on multiplication and passive neutron. Based on simulations of SFL-1 the accuracy of determination of {sup tot}Pu content with new approach is {approx}1.3-1.5%. Method applicable for DDA instrument, since it can measure both multiplication and passive neutron count rate. Comparison of pro's & con's of measuring/determining of {sup 239}Pu{sub eff} and {sup tot}Pu suggests a potential for enhanced diversion detection sensitivity.

  1. PSYCHOANALYSTS FINDING FORM : (autofictional experiments in contemporary psychoanalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anneleen Masschelein

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we will look at two important voices in contemporary psychoanalysis, Didier Anzieu and Christopher Bollas, who from a theoretical perspective have tried to devise new genres to express their thinking. The result of this is hybrid texts that com-bine autobiography, essay, case study, fiction, comedy and poetry. In their theoretical work, Anzieu and Bollas have examined creativity and processes of thinking, predomi-nantly from the perspective of object-relations psychoanalysis, although both are known as eclectic thinkers, who do not belong to just one school of psychoanalysis.

  2. University of Geneva | Conferences in November

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    To celebrate the 20th anniversary of Michel Mayor and Didier Quelozof's discovery of the first extrasolar planet, the University of Geneva is organising a lecture featuring the two astrophysicists | On the occasion of the centenary of General Relativity, NCCR SwissMAP together with the mathematics and physics departments of the University of Geneva is organising a series of 4 colloquia.   Lecture in French. For more information, click here. Conferences in French (except on 24 November). For more information, click here.

  3. Monts Jura Jazz Festival

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    The 5th edition of the "Monts Jura Jazz Festival" will take place at the Esplanade du Lac in Divonne-les-Bains, France on September 21 and 22. This festival organized by the CERN Jazz Club and supported by the CERN Staff Association is becoming a major musical event in the Geneva region. International Jazz artists like Didier Lockwood and David Reinhardt are part of this year outstanding program. Full program and e-tickets are available on the festival website. Don't miss this great festival!

  4. Skin and the non-human human

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    2013-01-01

    The article puts forward an aesthetic and psychoanalytic analysis of Titian's painting, The Flaying of Marsyas, arguing that the painting is a reflection on the human subject as a being constituted by skin and by a core of non-humanity. The analysis is partly an answer to Melanie Hart's (2007......) article 'Visualizing the mind: Looking at Titian's Flaying of Marsyas', addressing features of the painting not commented on by Hart, and supplementing Hart's (Kleinian) theoretical frame by involving Didier Anzieu's 'skin ego', Slavoj Zizek's concept of the 'non-human', Giorgio Agamben's term...

  5. CPAFFC Delegation Visits Mauritius,Madagascar and La Reunion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang; Ruimin

    2014-01-01

    <正>In April,2014,a CPAFFC delegation led by Vice President Feng Zuoku visited Mauritius,Madagascar and the French overseas territory la Reunion.It held meetings with Rajkeswur Purryag,President of Mauritius,Michael Yeung Sik Yuen,Mauritian Minister of Tourism and Leisure,Didier Robert,President of the Regional Council of la Reunion,Gilbert Anette,Mayor of Saint-Denis City,and Ny Hasina Andriamanjato,Mayor of Tananarive City.President Rajkeswur Purryag

  6. Intraocular live male filarial Loa loa worm

    OpenAIRE

    André Omgbwa Eballe; Emillienne Epée; Godefroy Koki; Didier Owono; Côme Ebana Mvogo; Assumpta Lucienne Bella

    2008-01-01

    André Omgbwa Eballe1, Emillienne Epée2, Godefroy Koki2, Didier Owono2, Côme Ebana Mvogo2, Assumpta Lucienne Bella21Gynaeco Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon; 2Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, CameroonAbstract: We report a case of Loa loa filariasis in an 8-month-old child who presented with a 3-month history of irritated acute red eye and insomn...

  7. Progression and coherence in enterprise education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blenker, Per; Robinson, Sarah; Thrane, Claus

    2015-01-01

    education is. With many actors performing quite different activities under approximately the same heading we need to develop our ability to distinguish between the different elements and approaches to enterprise education. In this chapter we explore a framework that allows educators to communicate...... their differences in enterprise education. The framework is elaborated through a large research project PACE (Promoting a Culture of Entrepreneurship). Course elements have gradually been developed, described and implemented in curricular course activities, where anthropologists have studied them. Based...... on the observations from the anthropologists course activities have been further systematically revised and condensed into a two week summer school, where the behaviour of students and teachers have been studied again by anthropologists. These insights are organised into a matrix that positions essential enterprise...

  8. Welcome home, Descartes! rethinking the anthropology of the body.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecks, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    For many scholars, the Cartesian mind/body split is one of the fundamental mistakes of the Western scientific tradition. Anthropologists who study notions of the body in cultures around the world regularly take Descartes as their point of departure. Many also suggest that breaking free from Descartes is politically liberating: if the mindful body could be rediscovered, society could move away from its materialist, positivist, and commodity-fetishizing ways. Beyond the Body Proper is anthropology's best and most comprehensive anti-Cartesian manifesto to date. This volume brings together some of the finest studies on the cultural and historical diversity of bodies and minds. Yet anthropologists' blanket rejection of the mind/body dualism seems politically self-defeating. If anthropologists want to criticize racism, gender hierarchies, or discrimination against disabled people, they need to believe that the mind is independent from the body. In other words, they need to uphold the Cartesian split.

  9. The ambiguities of disciplinary professionalization: The state and cultural dynamics of Canadian inter-war anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurse, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    The professionalization of Canadian anthropology in the first half of the twentieth century was tied closely to the matrix of the federal state, first though the Anthropology Division of the Geological Survey of Canada and then the National Museum. State anthropologists occupied an ambiguous professional status as both civil servants and anthropologists committed to the methodological and disciplinary imperatives of modern social science but bounded and guided by the operation of the civil service. Their position within the state served to both advance disciplinary development but also compromised disciplinary autonomy. To address the boundaries the state imposed on its support for anthropology, state anthropologists cultivated cultural, intellectual, and commercially-oriented networks that served to sustain new developments in their field, particularly in folklore. This essay examines these dynamics and suggests that anthropology's disciplinary development did not create a disjuncture between professionalized scholarship and civil society.

  10. Orgoglio e pregiudizio: i primi balbettii sul terreno - Pride and prejudice: first steps on the field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariane Baghaï

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The first travelling experience, the first deep, incisive exchange which, when one is involved in fieldwork, takes place with an external world (a world which is “other” than the self, is determining for the formation of the anthropologist. This experience is described here almost as a birth to the social world, i.e. the Da-sein, an experience in which the anthropologist moves his first steps clumsily. Contradictory emotions intertwine with the imperatives of prejudice and lead to an inner turmoil in the young anthropologist who wavers between the refusal of alterity and the refusal of one’s own society. The re-reading of her field notes after many years allows the reader to enter in the theory of participating observation and to finally consider fieldwork as one of the many moments of the eternal game of the construction of the identities of both the researcher and the other.

  11. INTRODUCTION: SUSTAINING THE LIFE OF THE POLIS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geissler, P Wenzel; Kelly, Ann H; Manton, John; Prince, Ruth J; Tousignant, Noémi

    2013-11-01

    How are publics of protection and care defined in African cities today? The effects of globalization and neo-liberal policies on urban space are well documented. From London to São Paulo, denationalization, privatization, offshoring and cuts in state expenditure are creating enclaves and exclusions, resulting in fragmented, stratified social geographies (see Caldeira 2000; Ong 2006; Harvey 2006; Murray 2011). 'Networked archipelagoes', islands connected by transnational circulations of capital, displace other spatial relations and imaginaries. Spaces of encompassment, especially, such as 'the nation' or simply 'society' as defined by inclusion within a whole, lose practical value and intellectual purchase as referents of citizenship (Gupta and Ferguson 2002; Ferguson 2005). In African cities, where humanitarian, experimental or market logics dominate the distribution of sanitation and healthcare, this fragmentation is particularly stark (see, for example, Redfield 2006, 2012; Fassin 2007; Bredeloup et al. 2008; Nguyen 2012). Privilege and crisis interrupt older contiguities, delineating spaces and times of exception. The 'public' of health is defined by survival or consumption, obscuring the human as bearer of civic rights and responsibilities, as inhabitants of 'objective' material worlds 'common to all of us' (Arendt 1958: 52). Is it possible, under these conditions, to enact and imagine public health as a project of citizens, animated in civic space?

  12. Ethnography at work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeran, Brian

    their understanding of their companies' organizational structures, strategies and daily work practices. Asking crucial questions about the role of the anthropologist in the field, "Ethnography at Work" introduces students to ways in which anthropologists study social systems in business....... that of a rival firm. "Ethnography at Work" follows the experiences of the author as a participant observer in the day-to-day running of a Japanese advertising agency. The book reveals the intricate behind-the-scenes planning, discussion, negotiations and strategies needed to ensure that the agency's presentation...

  13. RACE RELATIONSHIPS: COLLEGIALITY AND DEMARCATION IN PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachs Collopy, Peter

    2015-01-01

    In 1962, anthropologist Carleton Coon argued in The Origin of Races that some human races had evolved further than others. Among his most vocal critics were geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky and anthropologist Ashley Montagu, each of whom had known Coon for decades. I use this episode, and the long relationships between scientists that preceded it, to argue that scientific research on race was intertwined not only with political projects to conserve or reform race relations, but also with the relationships scientists shared as colleagues. Demarcation between science and pseudoscience, between legitimate research and scientific racism, involved emotional as well as intellectual labor.

  14. The Quest for Identities: Consumption of Wine in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marion Demossier

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available In the study of the Anthropology of Food, Drinking has occupied a marginal and specific position. It is only recently that anthropologists have started to claim that they have a distinctive perspective on Drinking and if ‘according to Dwight Heath few anthropologists before the 1970s would set out deliberately to study patterns of thought and action concerning drink, they had nevertheless written a great deal on alcohol’. The publication in the 1980s of ‘Constructive Drinking’ by Mary Douglas...

  15. El retorno de Mateo Mina a la selva sin ley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Uribe Tobón

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Michael Taussig is one the most influential English-speaking anthropologists working on Colombia. Based upon his Law in a Lawless Land, the author of the present essay evaluates Taussig’s work as a foreign scholar who reproduces and underlines in his anthropology —both methodologically and in his writing— a series of representations of power and violence in Colombia. The essay is a critical analysis of what an anthropologist is to be within a contemporary setting of war, pain, and suffering.

  16. De la ilegibilidad de lo ajeno. lectura mágica y escritura mimética en Alfred Döblin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Werkmeister

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses and questions the concept of "cultural text" developed by anthropologists such as Clifford Geertz. The theory of culture as text opens the possibility of a semiotic reading of the cultural text, giving the anthropologist the role of hermeneutic interpreter of foreign cultures as systems of symbols. The paper shows, through analysis the literary of trilogy Amazons from German writer Alfred Dóblin, that the ethnographic approach is not always characterized by processes of understanding and interpretation, but is just the reflection of illegibility phenomena can be a fruitful basis for a cultural approach.

  17. William Golding's Iconoclastic Views about the Neanderthal Man in "The Inheritors"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youssef, Sayed Mohammed

    2016-01-01

    William Golding has been identified as a nonconformist whose opinions always go contrary to what is customarily accepted or established. This is shown in all his novels, more specifically "The Inheritors", in which he defies long established opinions held by anthropologists, historians, archaeologists as well as many others about the…

  18. Becoming Maya? Appropriation of the White Shaman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montejo, Victor D.

    1999-01-01

    The history of anthropology among the Maya consists of both the literal exploitation of archaeological finds and the appropriation of Maya culture and history by the Western academic world to construct distorted theories of the Maya past. In the ultimate disgrace, some Mayan priests are training White anthropologists to become shamans themselves…

  19. Language: a social mirror

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁钰

    2015-01-01

    <正>Language and gender studies have experienced a long history in the field of linguistics.Sociolinguists did various kinds of research concerning gender-differentiated use of language.The differences between man’s and woman’s language has long been noticed by anthropologists,historians and linguistics.Then there gradually emerged great gap between male and

  20. Individual and Group Aspects of Corporate Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.W.J. Hendrikse (George)

    1993-01-01

    textabstractThe study of organizations has been approached by anthropologists, sociologists, (social) psychologists and economists. The share of economics has been modest. This seems surprising because economists have developed a "theory of the firm", but this theory is rather silent about the inter

  1. De verklaringskracht van cultuur

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaf, Nan Dirk de

    2002-01-01

    The explanatory power of culture ‘Culture’ is a popular concept for the explanation of various kinds of behavior in various contributions in the social sciences. Anthropologists and sociologists who use the holistic approach are particularly prone to stress the importance of culture. I argue that po

  2. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 38, 3rd Quarter, July 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-07-01

    anthropologists such as Gregory Bateson served the war effort directly, first conduct- ing intelligence opera- tions in Burma for the Office of...leaders such as General James L. Jones, Jr., USMC, Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, and Admi- ral Gregory G. Johnson, USN, combatant com- mander, Joint

  3. Ethnography and Ethics: A Critique of Gregory Bateson (1904-1980)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watras, Joseph

    2010-01-01

    This essay about the work of a famous anthropologist is an attempt to illuminate one way that researchers could apply their findings about the behavior of people in particular groups to ethical considerations of social relations. I argue that Gregory Bateson (1904-1980) is a good example because he applied a few seminal ideas to a wide range of…

  4. Anthropology and social theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    2013-01-01

    attention. That role should go much beyond representing a view from ‘below’ or a politically correct appreciation of cultural diversity. It involves attention to key theoretical concepts and insights developed by maverick anthropologists like Arnold van Gennep, Marcel Mauss, Victor Turner and Gregory...... Bateson, concepts that uniquely facilitate an understanding of some of the underlying dynamics of modernity....

  5. In Athena’s Camp; Preparing for a Conflict in the Information Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    anthropologist-cyberneticist Gregory Bateson : Just as the amount of information in a system is a measure of its degree of organization, so the entropy of a...Steinbruner, The Cybernetic Theory of Decision (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974). "Wiener, Cybernetics, p. 11. 19Gregory Bateson , Steps to an

  6. Technologies and Levels of Learning: A Gregory Bateson Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlow, Steven; Cummings, Rhoda

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the effective use of instructional technology and examines the use of instructional technology within the framework of anthropologist Gregory Bateson's theory of learning, which views learning as a function of expectation and engagement of the student within the context of the learning experience. (Author/LRW)

  7. Language, Thought, and Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henle, Paul, Ed.

    This book presents a collection of essays intended for an integrated study of language by anthropologists, literary critics, philosophers, psychologists, sociologists, and linguists. There is first a discussion of theories concerning the interrelationship of language, thought, and culture. This is followed by a discussion of the development of…

  8. Old Ponape. Pohnpei Ni Mwehin Kawa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Pensile, Comp.; And Others

    This book presents English and Ponape versions of the stories, legends, and histories originally transcribed by anthropologists attached to the Thilenius South Sea Expedition of 1908-1910. The natives of the Marshall Islands in Micronesia who related these stories are identified, but the material is much older and represents the cultural heritage…

  9. Utilstraekkelig dokumentation af dødelighed ved krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Caecilie Böck; Nielsen, Karoline Kragelund

    2010-01-01

    effort in various disciplines like humanitarian actors, demographers and forensic anthropologists to cooperate, and efforts are being made to make data collection more systematic and valid. However, there are political, methodological and security-related challenges that must be overcome. Udgivelsesdato...

  10. Complicating the Concept of Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson-Levitt, Kathryn M.

    2012-01-01

    This essay argues against a simple, reified view of culture as a set of ideas and norms belonging to a group or nation, and considers the implications of a more complicated concept for discussion of world culture and the global/local nexus. Most anthropologists define culture as the making of meaning, with an emphasis on the process itself as…

  11. Helping Preservice Teachers (PSTs) Understand the Realities of Poverty: Innovative Curriculum Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Moon-Heum; Convertino, Christina; Khourey-Bowers, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an innovative addition to the curriculum to help preservice teachers cultivate an understanding of poverty. Using technology, an interdisciplinary team created two online learning modules entitled Teacher as Learning Facilitator and Teacher as Anthropologist. Preservice teachers valued the newly developed…

  12. Is an Inuit Literary History Possible?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Keavy

    2010-01-01

    In 1921, the Greenlandic anthropologist Knud Rasmussen set out to travel twenty thousand miles by dog team across Inuit Nunaat--the Inuit homeland. During this three-year journey--the famous Fifth Thule Expedition--Rasmussen was struck by the similarities in the language and culture of Inuit communities across the entire Arctic. Considering the…

  13. Proceedings of the Conference on Joint Problem Solving and Microcomputers (San Diego, California, March 31 - April 2, 1983). Technical Report No. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Michael; And Others

    A group of American and Japanese psychologists, anthropologists, linguists, and computer scientists gathered at the University of California, San Diego, to exchange ideas on models of joint problem solving and their special relevance to the design and implementation of computer-based systems of instruction. Much of the discussion focused on…

  14. The process of subjectivation as a site of resistance – for the privileged

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bojsen, Heidi

    2011-01-01

    The paper opens with a reference to the French anthropologist George Balandier whose renewal of French anthropology was very much the result of the influence and work of his African partners such as Alioune Diop. Then, presenting examples from the autobiographic work of the Malian writer Amadou H...... of African processes of subjectivation during the French colonial period in West Africa....

  15. 78 FR 2433 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Fort Collins Museum of Discovery, Fort Collins, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... by physical anthropologists and by independent forensic scientists determined that the remains are of... from which this individual was most likely removed based on the collecting history of museum donors. In...; and the Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico. Multiple lines of evidence, including treaties, Acts of...

  16. The Missing Link Expeditions; or how the Peking Man wasn't found

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    To many anthropologists in the 1920s, Asia seemed the most likely place for ‘the cradle of mankind’. Fame, prestige and money were intimately connected in the hunt for humankind’s earliest ancestors and, thus, a lot was at stake for those involved. Several countries were competing for access...

  17. Sociolinguistic Implications of Academic Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nida, Eugene A.

    1992-01-01

    The technical complexity of the language of academic journals is discussed in terms of graduate students' needs for information, especially in developing countries. An examination of problems in two articles in "Language" and one in "American Anthropologist" points out the nature of the difficulties and some of the solutions. (Author/LB)

  18. Professional Culture: The Boundary Between Theory and Practice in Design. Revised Draft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, Setha M.

    This paper describes two research projects in the anthropology of landscape architecture design which show that "professional culture" restrictions often prevent anthropologists from putting their theories into practice. The first research project grew out of the author's assumption that landscape architecture students were not producing socially…

  19. Da sincronia à diacronica: os "três tempos" da "história total" de Braudel a partir de um diálogo com Levi-Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Eustáquio Ribeiro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to make a discussion on the theoretical concept of “three times in history” established and widely used by French historian Fernand Braudel. To that end, seeks to recover the dialogue established with the controversial anthropologist Claude Levis-Strauss.

  20. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hahonou, Eric Komlavi; Lecocq, Baz

    2015-01-01

    -abolition, and post-emancipation share the hyphen in common. The hyphen in this context connects the past to the present, the work of the historian to the work of the anthropologist, the slave to the master. But the hyphen also indicates a temporal disruption or discontinuity. We must bridge the historical...

  1. Scholars Prescribe Freud's "Talking Cure" for Problems of Interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Karen J.

    1986-01-01

    While Freud's reputation is in decline among psychiatrists and psychologists, it is on the rise among literary and film critics, historians, anthropologists, and political scientists, where it is being adopted as a tool to help analyze historical movements, literary works and films, cultural patterns, and political theories. (MSE)

  2. Histories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Michael

    1997-01-01

    Suggests that peoples' encoded historical understandings are significant and therefore central to research. Delineates intellectual currents, such as an interest in the subjective world of humans, that have brought historians and anthropologists into a dialogue that has promoted cross-fertilization. Notes the impact of literary theory on that…

  3. The West African sports official : an insider's view of sports administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van W.E.A.

    2013-01-01

    Using my own experience as a sports administrator, I describe and analyse the organisational culture of West African sports. As a cultural anthropologist and draughts player, I have been President of the Fédération Mondiale du Jeu de Dames for eleven years, followed by four years as Executive Vice-P

  4. Moving Facts in an Arctic field

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hastrup, Kirsten Blinkenberg; Flora, Janne; Andersen, Astrid Oberborbeck

    2016-01-01

    This article reflects on the merits of the expedition as an anthropological method on the basis of a recent cross-disciplinary experience, involving biologists, archaeologists and anthropologists working together in High Arctic Greenland. True to the term, the expedition had chartered a vessel from...

  5. Anthropology and Education: A General Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storey, Edward, Comp.

    This bibliography of books, articles, and papers reflects a broad coverage of both anthropology within the school curriculum, and as it is applied to the study of education. A few titles will serve to illustrate the scope: The Status of American Indian Education; Schools and Systems of Stratification; Field Anthropologists and Classroom Teachers;…

  6. Working with Child Prostitutes in Thailand: Problems of Practice and Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Heather

    2007-01-01

    Conducting anthropological fieldwork on the emotive issue of child prostitution raises difficult issues for anthropologists and other researchers. This article examines the ethical dilemmas of working with these extremely vulnerable children, focusing on the difference between the researcher's own interpretations and those given by the children…

  7. The Cultural Structuring of Mealtime Socialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochs, Elinor; Shohet, Merav

    2006-01-01

    Two anthropologists treat mealtimes as cultural sites for socializing children into commensality, communicative expectations, and the symbolic, moral, and sentimental meanings of food and eating. Using ethnographic evidence, they indicate how mealtime comportment is embedded in practices and ideologies relevant to children's competent membership…

  8. Perspectives on the Organization of Societies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, Stanley

    2003-01-01

    In the 1950s, under the aegis of such leading sociologists as Talcott Parsons, anthropologists like Clyde Kluckhohn of Harvard and Alfred Kroeber of the University of California at Berkeley, as well as political scientists Gabriel Almond and Lucien Pye, of Yale and MIT, respectively, the analysis of societal and political culture came to play a…

  9. Testing theories about ethnic markers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Holm; Petersen, Michael Bang; Høgh-Olesen, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, evolutionary psychologists and anthropologists have debated whether ethnic markers have evolved to solve adaptive problems related to interpersonal coordination or to interpersonal cooperation. In the present study, we add to this debate by exploring how individuals living in a m...

  10. The national thing is a scenario not made for we third world massive: a case of working-class youth on Saint Maarten & Sint Maarten emancipating their minds from exclusive nationalism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guadeloupe, F.

    2010-01-01

    We still live in a world where ethno-racial nationalisms obfuscate the recognition of our common humanity. This situation is even more alarming when one takes into consideration the predation of working class migrants by unscrupulous agents of global capitalism. For critically engaged anthropologist

  11. Toward a discovery-oriented ethnography in researching the professional context of higher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friberg, Gustav Torbjörn

    2014-01-01

    Today anthropologists seem to be increasingly studying phenomena in their own societies. Many have a focus on policies in organizations and an interest in explicating cultural phenomena constituted by power and governance. Consequently, a recent interest has emerged in Michel Foucault's philosoph...

  12. Language Death: A Freirean Solution in the Heart of the Amazon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Alex

    2013-01-01

    "Language death" is an undeniable phenomenon of our modern times as languages have started to disappear at an alarming rate. This has led linguists, anthropologists, philosophers and educationists to engage with this issue at various levels in an attempt to try to understand the decline in this rich area of human communication and…

  13. 大学英语四级考试(CET—4)模拟试题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: The physicist investigating the relationship between time and space, the chemist exploring the properties of a new substance, the biologist probing the mysteries of the continuity of life,and the anthropologist searching for human

  14. Ethics or Morals: Understanding Students' Values Related to Genetic Tests on Humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Mats Gunnar

    2009-01-01

    To make meaning of scientific knowledge in such a way that concepts and values of the life-world are not threatened is difficult for students and laymen. Ethics and morals pertaining to the use of genetic tests for hereditary diseases have been investigated and discussed by educators, anthropologists, medical doctors and philosophers giving, at…

  15. Annual Review of Anthropology, Volume 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Bernard J., Ed.; And Others

    Seventeen articles focus on current research interests of anthropologists. The volume is part of a five-year project designed to identify interesting directions in physical, linguistic, archaeological, social, and cultural anthropology. Covering a wide range of anthropological subjects, the articles discuss a history of physical anthropology,…

  16. Chapter Two: Foundations for the Study of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Richard F.

    2008-01-01

    In this chapter, the historical roots of contemporary Practice Theory are unearthed in the work of semioticians, philosophers, and anthropologists. Saussure's semiotic theory is contrasted with that of Peirce, and the importance of Peirce's work for understanding the context of signs is stressed. The philosophy of language in the writings of…

  17. From Fiction to Field Notes: Observing Ibo Culture in "Things Fall Apart."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schur, Joan Brodsky

    1997-01-01

    Demonstrates how introducing students to African literature can appeal to their imaginations and encourage them to develop their insights into African culture. Outlines the procedures in a middle school class where the students are transformed into anthropologists as they read Chinua Achebe's, "Things Fall Apart." (MJP)

  18. On Teaching Ethnographic Film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarfield, Geoffrey

    2013-01-01

    The author of this article, a developmental anthropologist, illustrates how the instructor can use ethnographic films to enhance the study of anthropology and override notions about the scope and efficacy of Western intervention in the Third World, provided the instructor places such films in their proper historical and cultural context. He…

  19. Memory, Trauma, and Phantasmagoria in Claudia Llosa's "La Teta Asustada"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rueda, Carolina

    2015-01-01

    The film "La teta asustada" (Claudia Llosa, 2009) was inspired by the text titled "Entre prójimos: El conflicto armado interno y la política de la reconciliación en el Perú" by the medical anthropologist Kimberly Theidon. In this study, Theidon compiles the testimonies of a group of indigenous women who were sexually assaulted…

  20. The World According to Vogue: The role of culture(s) in international fashion magazines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kopnina, H.

    2007-01-01

    Anthropologists are known to work in contexts wider than academic settings, actively engaging with people from other disciplines and professions. The lecturers in the Fashion Institute where we presently work are challenged to integrate the practical knowledge and skills originating from the fashion

  1. Charming worms: crawling between natures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bertoni, F.

    2012-01-01

    Some anthropologists have argued that Euro-American culture is naturalist, anchored to the belief in a coherent, unitary universe in which natural laws operate. From a close ethnographic inspection, however, the allegedly naturalist sciences emerge as heterogeneous practices, engaging with complex a

  2. Getting Ready to Stay Dead : Rites of Passage in William Faulkner's Novels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, Irene

    2012-01-01

    This article uses concepts from anthropology to explore the representation of rites of passage as crucial episodes in William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying (1930), The Sound and the Fury (1929), and Light in August (1932). Rites of passage, as conceptualized by anthropologists, are transformative and in

  3. 36 CFR 65.4 - National Historic Landmark criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false National Historic Landmark criteria. 65.4 Section 65.4 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... anthropologists familiar with the broad range of the nation's resources and historical themes. The...

  4. The Indian Liberation and Social Rights Movement in Kollasuyu (Bolivia). IWGIA Document 30.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apaza, Julio Tumiri, Ed.

    For some time the Aymara and Quechua Indians have been adopting resolutions and submitting them to the relevant authorities. Compiled by the Centro de Coordinacion y Promocion Campesina "Mink'A" for consideration by the "First Meeting of Anthropologists in the Andean Region" held in September 1975, this document gives a general outline of the most…

  5. Women in History--Maria Montessori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zierdt, Ginger L.

    2007-01-01

    This article profiles Maria Montessori, an international ambassador for children who became known for her theories and methods of pedagogy, called the "Montessori Method." Montessori developed an educational theory, which combined ideas of scholar Froebel, anthropologists Giuseooe Serge, French physicians Jean Itard and Edouard Sequin,…

  6. RSM Outlook Summer 2011 : Social Media: strategies for success

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract#### Connecting as a cultural imperative (Karen Stephenson) Before developing any strategy for social media, it is essential to understand the fundamentals of why it is humans need to connect and network with one another. Karen Stephenson, a corporate anthropologist, provides the in

  7. Socialité et co-operation dans l'oeuvre de Charles Goodwin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mondeme, Chloé

    2016-01-01

    As a linguistic anthropologist, Goodwin elaborates a conceptual and methodological framework to describe the organization of human activities and conducts. The central notion of « co-operation » accounts for what is at stake in ordinary conversation as well as in professional practices, cultural ...

  8. Shifting positions between anthropology, religion and development: the case of Christianity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Geest, S.

    2011-01-01

    Anthropologists in Africa used to have an ambivalent relationship with missionary Christianity and international development work. Being active in the same areas but with different intentions reinforced mutual stereotypes and added to the uneasiness. This seems to be changing now. Christianity has p

  9. Statistical basis for positive identification in forensic anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steadman, Dawnie Wolfe; Adams, Bradley J; Konigsberg, Lyle W

    2006-09-01

    Forensic scientists are often expected to present the likelihood of DNA identifications in US courts based on comparative population data, yet forensic anthropologists tend not to quantify the strength of an osteological identification. Because forensic anthropologists are trained first and foremost as physical anthropologists, they emphasize estimation problems at the expense of evidentiary problems, but this approach must be reexamined. In this paper, the statistical bases for presenting osteological and dental evidence are outlined, using a forensic case as a motivating example. A brief overview of Bayesian statistics is provided, and methods to calculate likelihood ratios for five aspects of the biological profile are demonstrated. This paper emphasizes the definition of appropriate reference samples and of the "population at large," and points out the conceptual differences between them. Several databases are introduced for both reference information and to characterize the "population at large," and new data are compiled to calculate the frequency of specific characters, such as age or fractures, within the "population at large." Despite small individual likelihood ratios for age, sex, and stature in the case example, the power of this approach is that, assuming each likelihood ratio is independent, the product rule can be applied. In this particular example, it is over three million times more likely to obtain the observed osteological and dental data if the identification is correct than if the identification is incorrect. This likelihood ratio is a convincing statistic that can support the forensic anthropologist's opinion on personal identity in court.

  10. Regarding Chilcott's "Structural Functionalism as a Heuristic Device" Heuristically.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blot, Richard K.

    1998-01-01

    The heuristic value of Chilcott's essay lies less in its support for structural functionalism and more in its concern to reexamine theory in the work of earlier educational anthropologists for what earlier theories and practices can add to current research. (SLD)

  11. Current research in transcultural psychiatry in the Nordic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekblad, Solvig; Kastrup, Marianne Carisius

    2013-01-01

    anthropologists, as well as other clinicians and policy planners. Research includes work with migrants and indigenous minorities in the Nordic countries, as well as comparisons with mental health in postconflict countries. We conclude by suggesting future directions for transcultural psychiatry research...

  12. Interculturalism and Non-Formal Education in Brazil: A Buberian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Alexandre; Morgan, W. J.; Freire, Ida

    2012-01-01

    Gilberto Freyre, the great Brazilian historian and sociologist, described Brazil as a "racial paradise", a place where different races and nationalities have come to live together in a sort of "racial democracy". The literature on this topic has become extensive as anthropologists, social scientists and historians felt the need to either prove or…

  13. Hasrat perempuan: relasi seksual sesama perempuan dan praktek perempuan transgender di Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wieringa, S.E.; Blackwood, E.

    2009-01-01

    Evelyn Blackwood and Saskia Wieringa have compiled thirteen essays from a group of historians, sociologists, and anthropologists who discuss same-sex desire among women outside the West, exploring female eroticism in such societies and cultures as India, Polynesia, Latin America, Native North Americ

  14. Nisaidie Nif Anye Mwenyewe, Pomogi Mne Eto Sdelat' Samomu: A Comparative Case Study of the Implementation of Montessori Pedagogy in the United Republic of Tanzania and the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnepf, Candy A.

    2010-01-01

    The system of education developed by Maria Montessori, noted Italian feminist, anthropologist and physician, is the single largest pedagogy in the world with over 22,000 public, private, parochial, and charter schools on six continents, enduring even as other teaching methods have waxed and waned. Despite its international diffusion and longevity,…

  15. Body Language in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Patrick W.

    2005-01-01

    Ralph Waldo Emerson and Mae West would seem to have little in common, but there is one thing they both understood--the importance of body language. Educators, psychologists, anthropologists and sociologists define body language or nonverbal communication as communication without words. It includes overt behaviors such as facial expressions, eye…

  16. The Perils of Public Anthropology? Quiescent Anthropology in Neo-Nationalist Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hervik, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Nordic anthropologists were remarkably absent from the news media in Scandinavia during the Muhammad Cartoon issue of 2005/6. This chapter discusses perils of public anthropology as seen in the research engagement with the lopsided and simplified representation of ethnic and religious minorities...... discrimination, intolerance, political manipulation, and inequalities....

  17. Looking in a mirror : Creating space to explore identities as persons with impairments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mogendorff, K.G.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper I examine how informants and I made sense of each other. The two central questions are: (1) How do impairments affect informants self-image? And (2) How do informants perceive me as a 'one of their kind' anthropologist? To address these questions I will: (1) reflect on how I think my b

  18. The critical ethnographer as trickster

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijl, A.H.M. van

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, I explore and elaborate similarities between the identity of mythological tricksters and ethnographic field researchers. As tricksters have multiple identities to mediate the unmediated (Basso 1996), so anthropologists adopt different identities in the field to reconcile the irreconci

  19. Program in Anthropology and Education: Research Center in Anthropology and Education. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Anthropological Association, Washington, DC.

    The purpose of this program was to discover and to help bring about a more effective articulation between anthropologists and the research and development needs of the schools. To that end, a number of crucial activities were undertaken coincident with the creation of university-based centers. A national conference was organized to assess the…

  20. Teaching Anthropology to Students and Teachers: Reaching a Wider Audience. Publication 82-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Patricia J., Ed.; Selig, Ruth O., Ed.

    These papers, presented at a 1980 American Anthropological Association seminar, address two topics: why the teaching of anthropology should be promoted, especially at the secondary level; and how anthropologists and educators might achieve this goal. Several of the papers have been substantially revised since the symposium. The papers are…

  1. Religious Studies: The Shaping of a Field and a Guide to Reference Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippy, Charles H.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the development of religious studies as an academic discipline. Examines the work of leading thinkers in the field, including anthropologists Sir James Fraser and Edward Burnett Taylor, sociologist Max Weber, and psychologist Erik Erikson. Identifies some of the many reference works that deal with religious studies. (SG)

  2. Cultural Resource Investigation of the Goose River Basin, North Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-05-12

    Upper Knife-Heart District, North Dakota. Plains Anthropologist, Vol. 17, No. 56, pp. 91-100. 1975, Brain Size and Hominid Evolution. Proceedings of...Scholarships: Associated Women Students of New Mexico State University (1976) Language Competency: Fair in reading, speaking, and writing Spanish Honors

  3. New Directions in the Study of Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenneberg, Eric H., Ed.

    A cross-section of language research at mid-century from the viewpoint of the psychologist, biologist, and anthropologist is offered in this book bearing on problems of (1) maturation, (2) social anthropology, (3) human biology, (4) experimental psychology, and (5) primary acquisition of speech and language. Five papers delivered at a symposium on…

  4. Here to Stay: a Documentary Film

    OpenAIRE

    Grossman, Alan; O'Brien, A.

    2006-01-01

    Screenings 2011: Leitrim Film Festival, Cinema Northwest (February). 2009:
 Seeing Cultures: Wellington Ethnographic Cinema, University of Victoria, New Zealand, Travelling Göttingen International Ethnographic Film Festival (January). 2008: Delhi International Ethnographic Film Festival, Department of Sociology, University of Delhi, India (November). Anthropological Film, Video and New Media Festival, 10th Biennial Conference, European Association of Social Anthropologist...

  5. Silent Song: a Performative Documentary Film

    OpenAIRE

    Grossman, Alan; O'Brien, A.

    2000-01-01

    Screenings 2011: Leitrim Film Festival, Cinema Northwest (February). 2009:
 Seeing Cultures: Wellington Ethnographic Cinema, University of Victoria, New Zealand, Travelling Göttingen International Ethnographic Film Festival (January). 2008: Delhi International Ethnographic Film Festival, Department of Sociology, University of Delhi, India (November). Anthropological Film, Video and New Media Festival, 10th Biennial Conference, European Association of Social Anthropologists (EASA),...

  6. Children's Everydaylife at Christianø - an etnographic film

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    , thousands of screeching gulls, seasonal colonies of whistling eiders, and the constant buffeting of the Baltic wind. The film focuses on the everyday lives of children for whom the small island of Christiansø is home. It’s done as a filmed fieldwork, from January to September 2011. Anthropologist...

  7. Moved by Mary: The power of pilgrimage in the modern world

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermkens, A.K.; Jansen, W.H.M.; Notermans, C.D.

    2009-01-01

    The Virgin Mary continues to attract devotees to her images and shrines. In Moved by Mary, anthropologists, geographers and historians explore how people and groups around the world identify and join with Mary in their struggle against social injustice, and how others mobilize Mary to impose ideas a

  8. Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship and Legacy in Anthropology and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornberger, Nancy H., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Dell Hathaway Hymes, linguistic anthropologist and educational visionary extraordinaire, passed away in November 2009, leaving behind a voluminous scholarship and inspirational legacy in the study of language and inequality, ethnography, sociolinguistics, Native American ethnopoetics, and education. This essay provides a brief account of Hymes's…

  9. Anthropology & Philosophy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The present book is no ordinary anthology, but rather a workroom in which anthropologists and philosophers initiate a dialogue on trust and hope, two important topics for both fields of study. The book combines work between scholars from different universities in the U.S. and Denmark. Thus, besid......, therefore, also inspire others to work in the productive intersection between anthropology and philosophy....

  10. The Politics of Sport

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    American athlete-turned-anthropologist hopes the Olympics will foster greater understanding between China and the rest of the world sjsan Brownell,an anthropology srofessor at the University of Missouri,St.Louis,guesses she might have been the only nonChinese person crying in front of

  11. Culture, Education, Anthropology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varenne, Herve

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that the anthropology of education must focus on what people do to educate themselves outside the constraints constituting the problematics of schooling. Anthropologists must do this precisely to fulfill their public role as legitimate participants in the conversations about understanding and transforming schooling. When…

  12. Pregnancy pragmatics unveiled: on bodies, bellies, and power in Cameroon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Sijpt, E.

    2014-01-01

    Over the last few decades, anthropologists interested in reproduction have increasingly focused on the relationship between women’s (limited) reproductive agency and (bio)political forces such as patriarchy, medicine, the state, and the global political economy. In their quest for understanding loca

  13. MX Missile MOA Between Four Corners Regional Commission and the United States Air Force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-20

    Professional Guidelines 1. Society of Applied Anthropologists Code of Ethics 2. Standards of the Society of Professional Archaeologists ( SOPA ) i • . . .. I I...Society of Professional Archaeologists ( SOPA ) ?,, LAWS. D! Page4 Project SPeCifiC Guidelines/Coms-nitnents Programmatic Memorandum of Agreement (PMOA) 4w

  14. Exploitation or appreciation?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Groes, Christian

    2016-01-01

    In this article, I explore a particular category of young women within local systems of exchange as well as within a transnational urban landscape of intimate transactions. What curtidoras in Maputo elucidate and what anthropologists perhaps have not sufficiently understood about transactional se...

  15. European Influences on the Theory and Philosophy of Viktor Lowenfeld.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, John A.; Morris, Jerry W.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses how the work of art theorists, art educators, psychologists, and anthropologists who were predecessors or contemporaries of Viktor Lowenfeld influenced Lowenfeld's philosophy and theory of art education. Included are Friedrich Froebel, James Sully, Franz Cizek, Siegfried Levinstein, Max Verworn, Walter Krotzsch, George Luquet, and Karl…

  16. Orthodontics in 3 millennia. Chapter 4: the professionalization of orthodontics (concluded).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahl, Norman

    2005-08-01

    Angle's legacy was assured when his disciples, both in the United States and abroad, boarded the joiners' bandwagon. The first 2 cornerstones of the professional pyramid were laid (education and organization), and the specialty began to pour the third cornerstone: orthodontic literature. Anthropologists, anatomists, histologists, and health professionals laid the foundation for the study of craniofacial growth.

  17. Culture and Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2008-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ.What Is Culture In 1871,in his classic book Primitive Culture,British anthropologist Edward Tylor first gave the definition of culture which is widely quoted: "Culture…is that complex whole which includes knowledge,beliefs,arts,morals,law,custom and any other capacities and habits acquired by man as a member of society".

  18. The Wolof of Saloum: social structure and rural development in Senegal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venema, L.B.

    1978-01-01

    The study refers to the Wolof of Saloum, Senegal. Its aim was to examine which factors had induced change in rural stratification, co-operation and cohesion. Their significance for administration of rural development was studied. Views of historians and anthropologists are discussed. Literature was

  19. Who believes in witches? Institutional flux in Sierra Leone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grijspaarde, Van de H.; Voors, M.J.; Bulte, E.H.; Richards, P.

    2013-01-01

    Witchcraft has been documented across the globe. The widespread occurrence of such beliefs in modern Africa affects politics, economic development, and poverty alleviation. Anthropologists have analysed the semiotics of African witchcraft, but there is less information on distributional issues. An i

  20. Strengthening Pedagogy and Praxis in Cultural Anthropology and Service-Learning: Insights from Postcolonialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCabe, Maryann

    2004-01-01

    This article argues cultural anthropology would make a good partner to service-learning pedagogy because it offers students a theoretical approach for understanding community life and its power structures. Anthropologists have been dealing with power vis-a-vis the people they study using concepts relevant to the reflection process in…

  1. Toward a Cultural Anthropology of Disability and Rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hershenson, David B.

    2000-01-01

    Investigates the degree to which cultural anthropology's concepts, theories, and methods have been applied to the understanding and conceptualization of disability and rehabilitation as a cultural phenomenon. Reviews the literature of anthropology and the literature of disability and rehabilitation. Results revealed that a lot of anthropologists'…

  2. Subdisciplines of Anthropology: A Modular Approach. Cultural Anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassebaum, Peter

    Designed for use as supplementary instructional material in a cultural anthropology course, this learning module introduces the idea that anthropology is composed of a number of subdisciplines and that cultural anthropology has numerous subfields which are the specialty areas for many practicing anthropologists. Beginning with a general discussion…

  3. Sidney Mintz and Caribbean Studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baud, M.

    2011-01-01

    Review of:Empirical Futures: Anthropologists and Historians Engage the Work of Sidney W. Mintz. George Baca, A isha Khan & Stephan Palmié (eds.). Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009. v + 232 pp. (Paper US$ 24.95)Three Ancient Colonies: Caribbean Themes and Variations. Sidney W. Min

  4. Alien origins: xenophilia and the rise of medical anthropology in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. van der Geest

    2012-01-01

    The beginnings of medical anthropology in the Netherlands have a ‘xenophile’ character in two respects. First, those who started to call themselves medical anthropologists in the 1970s and 1980s were influenced and inspired not so much by anthropological colleagues, but by medical doctors working in

  5. Ethnography by Design: On Goals and Mediating Artefacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segelström, Fabian; Holmlid, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    Design ethnography is the appropriation of ethnography for the purposes of informing design. This paper investigates the effects of these appropriations, through a comparative study of how designers and anthropologists approach the same field site and by a review of new techniques introduced by designers to do ethnography. The techniques reviewed…

  6. Cross-Cultural Language Learning and Web Design Complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Ji Yong

    2015-01-01

    Accepting the fact that culture and language are interrelated in second language learning (SLL), the web sites should be designed to integrate with the cultural aspects. Yet many SLL web sites fail to integrate with the cultural aspects and/or focus on language acquisition only. This study identified three issues: (1) anthropologists'…

  7. Beatrice Medicine and the Anthropology of Education: Legacy and Vision for Critical Race/Critical Language Research and Praxis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deyhle, Donna; McCarty, Teresa L.

    2007-01-01

    Over a 50-year professional career, Dr. Beatrice Medicine never failed to assert the importance of Indigenous language rights or to challenge racism in the academy, public schools, and society. She urged educational anthropologists to confront racism in our research with Indigenous peoples. She challenged linguicism and urged the teaching of…

  8. Antropologie tussen wetenschap en kunst : Essays over Clifford Geertz

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Yme; Bakker, Jan Willem; Miedema, Jelle

    1987-01-01

    Clifford Geertz (*1926) is one of the most influential anthropologists of his generation. His most famous monographs and collection of essays are The Religion of Java, Agricultural Involution, Islam Observed, The Interpretation of Cultures, Local Knowledge, Negara: The Balinese Theatre State in Nine

  9. Interview of Clifford Geertz

    OpenAIRE

    Geertz, Clifford

    2004-01-01

    Clifford Geertz interviewed by Alan Macfarlane in Cambridge, 6th May 2004, the interview lasts about two hours. Clifford Geertz talks of his childhood and education. He describes various important figures in American anthropology, and the influence of Weber. he describes his fieldwork in Indonesia and Morocco. He discusses what it is to be an anthropologist.

  10. The Concept of Person in American Anthroplogy : The Cultural Perspective of Clifford Geertz

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Yme; Kippenberg, Hans G.; Kuiper, Yme B.; Sanders, Andy F.

    1990-01-01

    The 'meanings-and-symbols' anthropologist Clifford Geertz wrote one of the most influential articles in anthropology: 'Religion as a Cultural System'. Some years later he published his collection of essays 'The Interpretation of Culture', that had a great impact on the humanities in the late 20th ce

  11. Clifford Geertz: A career

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bošković Aleksandar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents some concepts of the recently deceased American anthropologist Clifford Geertz, putting them into the specific context of his rich and interesting career, influences that he had, as well as some reactions to his ideas. A particular attention is placed upon the concept of culture, as the key concept in the 20th century American anthropology.

  12. Problem Reframing: Intelligence Professionals’ Role in Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    anthropologist Professor Clifford Geertz proposes that by realizing social actions are comments on more than themselves, interpretation then does not set a...articles/henrotin_struye.pdf [accessed on September 21, 2009]. 139 Clifford Geertz , The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays by Clifford ... Geertz , Clifford . The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays by Clifford Geertz . New York: Perseus Books, 1973. Gharajedaghi, Jamshid. Systems

  13. Conceptualizing the Role of Culture in Political Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronoff, Myron J.

    Using as a point of departure anthropologist Clifford Geertz's study of culture with special emphasis on political change, the paper develops a theoretical framework for studying the relationship between culture and political change. A major objective of this anthropological approach to the study of political culture is to help political…

  14. Clifford Geertz and Beyond: The Interpretive Interview/Essay and Reflexive Ethnography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Miriam Dempsey

    In "The Uses of Diversity," the interpretive anthropologist, Clifford Geertz, says that it is impossible to completely get inside the point of view of another culture. Geertz contends, however, that despite multiple voices in the growing body of reflexive ethnographies there is still an author composing the work. Besides Geertz,…

  15. American Involvement in Fringe Religious Cults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Intellect, 1977

    1977-01-01

    "Twenty million Americans are involved in fringe religious cults such as spiritualism, Hare Krishna, Scientology, and Black Gospel groups," according to anthropologist Irving Zaretsky of the University of Chicago. He recently completed a 10-year period as a participant-observer of fringe religious groups in the San Francisco Bay area and the…

  16. Moving toward an Indigenous Psychotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohatt, Gerald V.

    2010-01-01

    In 1951 the anthropologist and psychoanalyst George Devereux wrote "Reality and Dream," on his analysis of an American Indian patient. In the prologue to the book, he summarizes his approach as such: "Whatever happened between Jimmy and myself on the personal level happened between two men of good will and concerns only us: it concerns two men…

  17. Studying Nomads on the Tibetan Plateau.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Melvyn C.; Beall, Cynthia M.

    1986-01-01

    Noting that few western social scientists have been allowed to enter Tibet, this article describes the 5-month experience of 2 United States anthropologists. Included are 5 photographs of nomads, a description of the research conditions, and a collection of observations and tentative conclusions about these highland peoples (JDH)

  18. On the Margins of Pharmaceutical Citizenship : Not Taking HIV Medication in the "Treatment Revolution" Era

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Persson, Asha; Newman, Christy E; Mao, Limin; de Wit, John

    2016-01-01

    With the expanding pharmaceuticalization of public health, anthropologists have begun to examine how biomedicine's promissory discourses of normalization and demarginalization give rise to new practices of and criteria for citizenship. Much of this work focuses on the biomedicine-citizenship nexus i

  19. Language Death: A Freirean Solution in the Heart of the Amazon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Alex

    2013-01-01

    "Language death" is an undeniable phenomenon of our modern times as languages have started to disappear at an alarming rate. This has led linguists, anthropologists, philosophers and educationists to engage with this issue at various levels in an attempt to try to understand the decline in this rich area of human communication and culture. In this…

  20. The Perils of Public Anthropology? Quiescent Anthropology in Neo-Nationalist Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hervik, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Nordic anthropologists were remarkably absent from the news media in Scandinavia during the Muhammad Cartoon issue of 2005/6. This chapter discusses perils of public anthropology as seen in the research engagement with the lopsided and simplified representation of ethnic and religious minorities...

  1. The 'relics of Joan of Arc'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charlier, P.; Poupon, J.; Eb, A.

    2010-01-01

    such as a cadaver X of carbonised aspect: forensic anthropologist, medical examiners, pathologists, geneticists, radiologist, biochemists, palynologists, zoologist and archaeologist. Materials, methods and results of this study are presented here. This study aims to offer an exploitable methodology for the modern...... medico-legal cases of small quantities of human bones of carbonised aspect....

  2. Non-Verbal Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinde, R. A., Ed.

    This inter-disciplinary approach to the subject of non-verbal communication includes essays by linguists, zoologists, psychologists, anthropologists and a drama critic. It begins with a theoretical analysis of communicative processes written from the perspective of a communications engineer, compares vocal communication in animals and man, and…

  3. Towards a Discovery-Oriented Ethnography in Researching the Professional Context of Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friberg, Torbjörn

    2014-01-01

    Today anthropologists seem to be increasingly studying phenomena in their own societies. Many have a focus on policies in organizations and an interest in explicating cultural phenomena constituted by power and governance. Consequently, a recent interest has emerged in Michel Foucault's philosophy, especially as an inspiration for ethnographic…

  4. AIDS as Metaphor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillen, Liz

    1994-01-01

    Scholarly interest in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has spread throughout the humanities, attracting the attention of historians of medicine, political scientists, sociologists, public health scholars, and anthropologists. Most theorists hope their research will aid in policymaking or change understanding of the epidemic. (MSE)

  5. The role of EGFR-targeting strategies in the treatment of head and neck cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dequanter D

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Didier Dequanter, Mohammad Shahla, Pascal Paulus, Philippe H LothaireDepartment of Surgery, CHU Charleroi (Hopital Andre Vésale, Montigny le Tilleul, BelgiumAbstract: With its targeted mechanism of action and synergistic activity with current treatment modalities, cetuximab is a potentially valuable treatment option for patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell cancer of the head and neck who have progressed on cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The use of cetuximab in combination with radiotherapy as definitive treatment for locoregionally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head and neck is generally restricted to patients unfit to receive cisplatin-based chemoradiation, which is still considered the standard of care. The effect of this epidermal growth factor receptor antagonist occurs without any change in the pattern and the severity of toxicity usually associated with head and neck radiation.Keywords: cetuximab, SCCHN, radiotherapy

  6. « Electric Fields: Surrealism and Beyond – La Collection du Centre Pompidou »

    OpenAIRE

    Théodore, Cindy

    2014-01-01

    Le matin du jour du vernissage de cette exposition du Centre Pompidou en Chine, le commissaire, Didier Ottinger, a donné une conférence mettant en lumière les relations entre le Surréalisme et la création artistique contemporaine. Cette conférence lui a permis d’aborder une future exposition qui aura lieu au Centre Pompidou en octobre 2013 : « La Sculpture au Défi ». « Electric Fields » est un grand événement car c’est la première fois que le Centre Pompidou expose en Chine continentale et, ...

  7. "Dreamlands. Des parcs d'attraction aux cités du futur" – Expositon du Centre Pompidou (du 20 mai au 8 août 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Turquier

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available L’exposition conçue par Quentin Bajac et Didier Ottinger, présentée au Centre Pompidou entre le 20 mai et le 8 août 2010, explore le lien entre l’architecture des parcs de loisirs et les développements de la ville moderne et contemporaine. En toile de fond, deux ouvrages centraux sur l’urbanisme américain : Learning from Las Vegas, de Denise Scott Brown, Robert Venturi et Steven Izenour, paru en 1972, et New York Délire de Rem Koolhaas, publié en 1978. L’exposition réactive les questions soul...

  8. La parenté hagiographique, d’après Jacques de Voragine et les manuscrits enluminés de la Légende dorée (c. 1260-1490

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chloé Maillet

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Composition du juryMadame Anita Guerreau-Jalabert, Directrice de recherche, CNRS (rapporteur,Madame Christiane Klapisch-Zuber, Directrice d’études, ÉHESSMonsieur Didier Lett, Professeur des universités, Université Paris VII-Paris Diderot (rapporteur,Monsieur Paul Payan, Maître de conférences, Université d’Avignon,Monsieur Jean-Claude Schmitt, Directeur d’études, ÉHESS.Thèse soutenue le 6 septembre 2010RésuméPour tenter de définir une parenté hagiographique médiévale, – paradoxale puisque ce...

  9. 探寻太阳系外类地行星的踪迹%Search of Extrasolar Planet like Ours

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许梅

    2004-01-01

    自从梅厄(Michel Mayor)和奎洛兹(Didier Queloz)于1995年10月613宣布有一颗质量为木星一半的行星围绕着恒星飞马座51运行以来,世界各地的行星猎手们已发现100多个太阳系外的行星,但它们几乎都是气态巨行星。探索地外文明的科学家们渴望能找到像地球那样绕着恒星运行的行星系统。

  10. Thèses de doctorat soutenues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available LEGRAND Stéphane, Le normal et l'anormal (une archéologie du concept de norme dans l'oeuvre de Michel Foucault. Thèse soutenue à l’Université de Lille III, le lundi 8 décembre 2003.Composition du jury :M. Etienne Balibar, Professeur émérite à l'Université de Paris X-NanterreM. Didier Deleule, Professeur à l'Université de Paris X-NanterreM. Frédéric Worms, Professeur à l'Université de Lille IIIM. Pierre Macherey, Professeur à l'Université de Lille III, Directeur de thèse. Nous nous efforçons ...

  11. IMPACTS !

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    (Photo courtesy of Don Davis / NASA)The University of Geneva (UNIGE) and the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale of Lausanne (EPFL) are organising the 4th series of public lectures on astronomy, on the theme of "Impacts". The schedule is as follows: Il y a 100 ans : une explosion dans la Tunguska – Dr. Frédéric COURBIN, EPFL Les impacts sur Terre – Prof. Didier Queloz, UNIGE La fin des dinosaures – Dr. Stéphane Paltani, UNIGE Wednesday 7 May 2008, from 7.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m. Auditoire CO1, EPFL, Ecublens Thursday 08 May 2008, from 7.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m. Auditoire Rouiller, Uni-Dufour, Genève All 3 lectures will be givent each evening! Admission free Information: 022 379 22 00

  12. Report: L’inconscio, il tempo, il suono. Su psicoanalisi e musica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Gardini

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The system of classical psychoanalysis, as built by Freud, grants almost no space to the phenomenon of sound and music. Indeed, many aspects of music, though not all, appear incompatible with his conception of the unconscious. Only slowly and painfully, through the reflection and the analytical and aesthetic categories worked out by figures such as Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott, Daniel Stern, Didier Anzieu and Michel Imberty, music has finally found its rightful place in the vast map of psychoanalytic science. Many metapsychological categories first elaborated by Freud appear now, retrospectively, as limited on the one hand to the iconic and linguistic dimension, on the other to specifically pathological situations and finally, from the musical point of view, to the "new music", testimony of the world in “era of the technique” and subject of the masterly analysis by Theodor Adorno.

  13. Saint-Sériès

    OpenAIRE

    Paya, Didier

    2013-01-01

    Identifiant de l'opération archéologique : Date de l'opération : 1995 - 1996 (SU) ; 1995 (EV) Inventeur(s) : Paya Didier (INRAP) ; Mercier Catherine (INRAP) Le site de Saint Félix de Sinistrargues a été exploré durant la campagne de 1995-1996 fait suite aux travaux de Catherine Mercier (1995). Le site présente deux types d'occupation distincte. La plus ancienne se définie comme un lieu d'inhumation. La seconde est un lieu destiné à l'agriculture. Le cimetière est identifié par la découverte ...

  14. 贡布里希的神经元(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    约翰·奥尼恩斯; 梅娜芳

    2016-01-01

    "我的方向一直是生物学的。我总是试图追寻到问题的最初点。"([2])并不是每个人都会注意到这句话是恩斯特·贡布里希(Ernst Gombrich,1909—2001年)提出来的,但事实确实如此。此话出自迪迪耶·埃里邦(Didier Eribon)尖锐的长篇访谈《毕生的兴趣:与迪迪耶·埃里邦谈艺术与科学》(1993年),此书似乎比较清楚地总结了贡布里希对其事业的看法。

  15. Intraocular live male filarial Loa loa worm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Omgbwa Eballe

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available André Omgbwa Eballe1, Emillienne Epée2, Godefroy Koki2, Didier Owono2, Côme Ebana Mvogo2, Assumpta Lucienne Bella21Gynaeco Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon; 2Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, CameroonAbstract: We report a case of Loa loa filariasis in an 8-month-old child who presented with a 3-month history of irritated acute red eye and insomnia. Examination revealed a living and active adult Loa loa worm in the anterior chamber of the left eye. The worm was extracted under general anesthetic.Keywords: Loa loa, red eye, Cameroon

  16. Why 400 Years to Discover Countless Planets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Paul H.

    2011-04-01

    In 1584, Dominican monk Giordano Bruno envisioned the stars as "countless suns with countless earths, all rotating around their suns." Searching for intellectual freedom, he fled his native Italy to Protestant Switzerland and Germany, but in 1600 the Roman Inquisition condemned him for heresy. He was burned at the stake. Fast-forwarding to 1995, the Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz announced the discovery of a planet orbiting a star similar to our sun (51 Pegasi). In 2010, 500 planets had been found orbiting 421 stars. On Feb 2, 2011, NASA announced 1200 planet candidates. It took 400 years for telescope technology to advance and for Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, Bradley, and Foucault to make major contributions, culminating in today's astrophysics with digital imaging and processing. Contrasting with Bruno, in 2010 Dominican Francisco Ayala, who had been president of the Sigma Xi and AAAS, won the 1.6M Templeton Prize for affirming life's spiritual dimension.

  17. Borderline Personality: From Self Limits to Body Limits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cátia Guerra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background:  In  a  psychodynamic  pers-pective, one of the essential aspects of borderline  personality  is  the  insufficient  self integration, which  often  results  in  a  poor relation  with  the  body  and  self-destructive behaviours.Aims: We intend to approach self development in borderline personality, understand the  importance  of  the  body  in  its development, as well as the role of self-mutilating behaviour  in  the relationship  between  self and body.Methods:  Non  systematic literature  review based on Otto Kernberg and Didier Anzieu theories.Results  and  Conclusions:  On  the  one hand, we find that in borderline personality splitting remains the predominant defence mechanism, preventing  proper  differentia-tion between self and object, as well as the integration of good and bad aspects of self and object. Moreover, the concept of “skin-ego”, defined by Didier Anzieu, says that the tactile sensibility is an Ego and thought or-ganizing model and, in borderline personality, the development of this body envelope is severely compromised. Self-mutilation is, simultaneously, an attempt to re-establish the boundaries  of  self  and  a  communication type open to intersubjectivity that, although contains  a  destructive  aspect,  enables self repair.

  18. Le décodage biologique. Diffusion d’une nouvelle médecine non-conventionnelle contre le cancer Biodecoding. Dissemination of a New Unconventional Therapy against Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Sarradon-Eck

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available De nouvelles médecines alternatives, regroupées sous l’appellation « décodage biologique », reposent sur une conception psychosomatique du cancer. Elles sont apparues en Europe dans les années 1990. Dans une perspective critique, l’article tente de comprendre la diffusion de ces nouvelles thérapies. S’inspirant du travail de D. Fassin sur les réseaux de l’ethnopsychiatrie, il analyse la construction d’une légitimation du décodage biologique et de ses praticiens, en décrivant les réseaux qui diffusent les théories et favorisent l’adoption de la pratique. L’article montre l’enracinement de ces nouvelles thérapies dans des représentations sociales et des modèles culturels de l’étiologie du cancer et du “faire face” à la maladie qui permettent ou renforcent l’adoption et l’appropriation de la pensée psychosomatique alternative.New alternative therapy called « bio-decoding » based on a psychosomatic perception of cancer appeared in the 1990s. Using a critical approach, the article aims to understand the therapy’s growth. Drawing on D. Fassin’s work about ethnopsychiatric networks, this paper analyses the construction of bio-decoding and bio-therapist legitimacy, by unravelling the networks which allow for theory dissemination and enable the practice’s growth. The article shows that these new therapies are deeply rooted in social and cultural models of cancer etiology and coping, which allow or reinforce approval and appropriation of alternative psychosomatic thought.

  19. « Vie » et « vivant » : perspectives épistémologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    dell’Angelo-Sauvage Michèle

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Des idées des philosophes de la Grèce ancienne, à celles que suggèrent les avancées contemporaines de la biologie, différentes conceptions de la vie et du vivant sont proposées sans qu’un consensus ne soit obtenu. Différents auteurs ont présenté la vie comme l’affaire des philosophes, sous ses aspects politiques et sociaux, tandis que le vivant était l’affaire des biologistes préoccupés du fonctionnement des organismes (Canguilhem, 1990; Fassin, 2000; Jacob, 1970; Pichot, 2011. Mais cette distinction est actuellement rediscutée (Cherlonneix, 2013; Morange, 2013. D’autres auteurs mettent en contraste les approches réductionnistes et holistes et présentent les conséquences de ces points de vue. Dès 2006, Guespin-Michel et Stewart envisageaient un changement de paradigme inévitable face aux modifications de méthodes dans différents groupes de recherche. Nous proposons de porter un regard croisé sur les concepts de vie et de vivant dans le but d’éclaircir les fondements épistémologiques sous-jacents à un enseignement relatif au vivant : observe-t-on une influence réciproque des conceptions de « vie » et de « vivant » dans les différents courants de pensée ? Les changements épistémologiques liés aux observations faites à différentes échelles biologiques modifient-ils les réflexions philosophiques, scientifiques et sociétales ? Qu’en est-il actuellement de la distinction vie/vivant ?

  20. Petrology of Oligocene Ghaleh Yaghmesh granitoids in the west of Yazd province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahareh Fazeli

    2017-02-01

    calculation of amphibole minerals by Cameca SX50 microprobe device at the Oklahomacity University (Norman - USA. Results The studied plutonic rocks are dominated by plagioclase, orthoclase, quartz, amphibole (magnesio hornblende and actinolite hornblende, biotite, and pyroxene. Zircon, apatite, sphene, tourmaline and opaque minerals as the common accessory and chlorite, epidote and calcite are the secondary minerals. On the base of petrographic observation as well as mineral-chemistry and geochemical data, the granitoid massif is classified as I-type (magnetite series, calc – alkaline and metaluminous composition. The rocks under discussion are characterized by the high level of LILE (Ba, Sr, K and Cs and the negative anomaly of HFS elements (Ti, Nb, Zr and Y indicating the subduction related magmatism. The Ghaleh Yaghmesh granitoids are cogenetic and possibly developed in subduction zone related to active continental margin calc – alkaline volcanic arcs. Mixing process of acidic and basic magmas is likely involved in generation of the rocks being studied. Discussion The parent magma probably formed by partial melting of amphibolites with some sedimentary materials. Fractional crystallization of melt in the higher levels of crust gave rise to various rock types. Mantle – derived basaltic magmas emplaced into the lower crust most likely provide heat for partial melting Clemens et al., 2011(. Field evidences such as the presence of mafic microgranular enclaves having sharp boundaries with the host rocks (Zorpi et al., 1989; Didier, 1991, petrographic observations (similar mineralogy of MME and the host rock (Didier, 1991; Didier and Barbarin, 1991, the occurrence of accicular apatite (Zorpi et al., 1989; Didier, 1991, the corroded margin of amphibole and plagioclase (Zorpi et al., 1989; Shelley, 1993 and the abundance of biotite and hornblende in MME compared to the host rock (Ellis and Thompson, 1986 and geochemical criteria (range of silica from 51.35 to 70.78 indicate

  1. The problem of “culture” in the process of intercultural understanding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreana Marchi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2016v69n1p251 The problem of “culture” in the process of intercultural understanding is one of the most discussed issues among scholars today. Anthropologists, linguists, literary critics, and philosophers, just to name a few, study this issue in a problem-based and research format. Culture and cultural understanding are hereby presented by demonstrating studies and observations of two cultural anthropologists, R. H. Robbins and Clifford Geertz, a literary critic, Lionel Trilling, and C. S. Lewis, a famous writer of both fiction and non-fiction. My intention here is to answer the question: how to describe and analyze a culture that is so different from the perspective of our own? In this sense, language and discourse are also analyzed in this paper as part of culture and can indicate some of our own moral perspectives and judgments on others’ cultures.

  2. Critical Anthropology of Global Health "takes a stand" statement: a critical medical anthropological approach to the U.S.'s Affordable Care Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Sarah; Abadía, Cesar; Mulligan, Jessica; Thompson, Jennifer Jo

    2014-03-01

    The Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010--the U.S.'s first major health care reform in over half a century-has sparked new debates in the United States about individual responsibility, the collective good, and the social contract. Although the ACA aims to reduce the number of the uninsured through the simultaneous expansion of the private insurance industry and government-funded Medicaid, critics charge it merely expands rather than reforms the existing fragmented and costly employer-based health care system. Focusing in particular on the ACA's individual mandate and its planned Medicaid expansion, this statement charts a course for ethnographic contributions to the on-the-ground impact of the ACA while showcasing ways critical medical anthropologists can join the debate. We conclude with ways that anthropologists may use critiques of the ACA as a platform from which to denaturalize assumptions of "cost" and "profit" that underpin the global spread of market-based medicine more broadly.

  3. Observing the other: reflections on anthropological fieldwork.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckley, P

    1994-01-01

    Aspects of anthropological fieldwork are examined from a psychoanalytic viewpoint using two sources: (1) Malinowski's A Diary in the Strict Sense of the Term, a fieldwork journal he kept in New Guinea and the Trobriand Islands "as a means of self-analysis"; (2) the analysis of an anthropologist both before and after she returned from the field. Malinowski's Diary, written in a virtually free-associative form, illustrates how fieldwork stimulates derivatives of significant early infantile conflicts. The patient's analysis revealed the unconscious meaning of, and motivation for, fieldwork for this particular individual. Based on these data, it is postulated that during fieldwork a new, emotionally charged object relationship, with its concomitant transference responses, may be unconsciously established by the anthropologist with the alien society being studied.

  4. Navigating diagnoses: understanding mind-body relations, mental health, and stigma in Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohrt, Brandon A; Harper, Ian

    2008-12-01

    Anthropologists and psychiatrists traditionally have used the salience of a mind-body dichotomy to distinguish Western from non-Western ethnopsychologies. However, despite claims of mind-body holism in non-Western cultures, mind-body divisions are prominent in non-Western groups. In this article, we discuss three issues: the ethnopsychology of mind-body dichotomies in Nepal, the relationship between mind-body dichotomies and the hierarchy of resort in a medical pluralistic context, and, finally, the role of mind-body dichotomies in public health interventions (biomedical and psychosocial) aimed toward decreasing the stigmatization of mental illness. We assert that, by understanding mind-body relations in non-Western settings, their implications, and ways in which to reconstitute these relations in a less stigmatizing manner, medical anthropologists and mental health workers can contribute to the reduction of stigma in global mental health care.

  5. Himalayan Hermitess:The Life of a Tibetan Buddhist Nun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kurtis RSchaeffer; AuthorYang Gongwei

    2015-01-01

    In 1961 , anthropologist Corneille Jest was conducting fieldwork in Dolpo, the high-land region of the Nepal Himalayan region immedi-ately west of Mustang, when a local Buddhist lead-er told him the tale of a certain woman.Her name, the Tibetan-speaking Buddhist told the anthropol-ogist, was Ani Chokyi, meaning “Chokyi the Nun”.She had lived an exceptional life, and her story was well known throughout Dolpo.Jest noted that a written biography of Ani Chokyi was not a-vailable in the village where he conducted his re-search, though he was told that there was a copy in another temple.

  6. Anthropology as an inspiration to food studies: building theory and practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Siewicz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to show the role of anthropological inquiry in the development of a new, interdisciplinary approach to food in culture - namely: food studies. Early anthropologists, for example, Bronislaw Malinowski and Edward Evans-Pritchard, stressed the social meaning of food while analyzing the outcome of their fieldwork. When the functional approach had been replaced by structuralism, the symbolic meaning of food was given priority. Therefore, Claude Lévi-Strauss constructed his famous culinary triangle to show the connection between culture and nature in human thought; however, the triangle was not based on his own fieldwork, but rather many examples from other works were used to support this theoretical approach. This paper shows that without the theoretical and practical contribution of these three anthropologists, the flourishing of food studies as a new discipline would have been seriously delayed.

  7. La autonomía etnográfica. El trabajo de campo de los antropólogos sociales argentinos entre 1965 y 1975.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Guber.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available An anthropology of anthropology urges us to apply anthropological notions to our own discipline. this would help us understand those logics underlying a universal science, and the ways in which anthropologists create the very social world they analyze, while being created by it. here i analyze what argentine social anthropologists used as a basic resource to lay an autonomous disciplinary and political space vis-à-vis offcial academia and revolutionary vanguards. my claim is that a crucial aspect of this autonomy laid on arguments derived from the practical logic of feldwork, conceived of, in the early 70’s, as a methodological resource in the production of academic, political and social knowledge.

  8. A critique of anthropological research on homosexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzgerald, T K

    1977-01-01

    Since the 1970 resolutions of the American Anthropological Association, encouraging more research activity among anthropologists on the topic of homosexuality, there has been less than enthusiastic response. Rather than directly attempting to provide reasons for this research failure, this paper takes a look at what actually has been done by anthropologists with an eye to assessment of their major contributions. Thus, summarized are the studies on the role of the "berdache" in primitive cultures, with a critique of the terminological problems associated; a review of some of the ethnographic accounts of homoerotic behavior among primitive folk, with comments on the weaknesses of such treatments; and, finally, a discussion of the current typological approach to the study of the homosexual community, with its multimodal rather than unimodal emphasis. In short, this is a review article that tries to assess the impact of anthropological research for the ultimate understanding of this facet of humankind.

  9. Seeing (and Doing) Conservation Through Cultural Lenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Richard B.; Russell, Diane; West, Paige; Brosius, J. Peter

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we first discuss various vantage points gained through the authors’ experience of approaching conservation through a “cultural lens.” We then draw out more general concerns that many anthropologists hold with respect to conservation, summarizing and commenting on the work of the Conservation and Community Working Group within the Anthropology and Environment Section of the American Anthropological Association. Here we focus on both critiques and contributions the discipline of anthropology makes with regard to conservation, and show how anthropologists are moving beyond conservation critiques to engage actively with conservation practice and policy. We conclude with reflections on the possibilities for enhancing transdisciplinary dialogue and practice through reflexive questioning, the adoption of disciplinary humility, and the realization that “cross-border” collaboration among conservation scholars and practitioners can strengthen the political will necessary to stem the growing commoditization and ensuing degradation of the earth’s ecosystems.

  10. [Anthropology and synthetic Darwinism in the Third Reich: The Evolution of Organisms (1943)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Junker, Thomas

    2003-03-01

    This essay will analyse early attempts to base anthropology on the theoretical model provided by the emerging synthetic Darwinism of the 1940s. In the first section we will investigate the historical context of the publication of one of the central documents of synthetic Darwinism in Germany: Gerhard Heberer's Die Evolution der Organismen (1943). Anthropology was covered extensively in this book. The second section will give an impression of the live and work of the five anthropologists represented in Heberer's book: Christian von Krogh, Wilhelm Gieseler, Otto Reche, Hans Weinert, and Gerhard Heberer. The third part of our paper will clarify whether these anthropologists shared a common theoretical outlook with the founders of synthetic Darwinism, and to what degree they were committed to the racial ideas of the Third Reich.

  11. Alien origins: xenophilia and the rise of medical anthropology in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Geest, Sjaak

    2012-04-01

    The beginnings of medical anthropology in the Netherlands have a 'xenophile' character in two respects. First, those who started to call themselves medical anthropologists in the 1970s and 1980s were influenced and inspired not so much by anthropological colleagues, but by medical doctors working in tropical countries who had shown an interest in the role of culture during their medical work. Secondly, what was seen as medical anthropology in those early days almost always took place in 'foreign' countries and cultures. One can hardly overestimate the exoticist character of medical anthropology up to the 1980s. It was almost automatic for anthropologists to take an interest in medical issues occurring in another cultural setting, while overlooking the same issues at home. Medical anthropology 'at home' started only around 1990. At present, medical anthropology in the Netherlands is gradually overcoming its xenophile predilection.

  12. Historical Trends in Graduate Research and Training of Diplomates of the American Board of Forensic Anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bethard, Jonathan D

    2017-01-01

    The history of forensic anthropology has been documented by numerous scholars. These contributions have described the work of early pioneers in the field and have described important milestones, such as the founding of the Physical Anthropology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) in 1972 and the American Board of Forensic Anthropology (ABFA) in 1977. This paper contributes to the growing literature on the history of forensic anthropology by documenting the academic training of all individuals who have been granted diplomate status by the ABFA (n = 115). Doctoral dissertation titles were queried to discern broad patterns of research foci. A total of 39 doctoral granting institutions have trained diplomates and 77.3% of board-certified forensic anthropologists wrote dissertations involving skeletal biology, bioarchaeology, or forensic anthropology. Board-certified forensic anthropologists are a broadly trained group of professionals with far-reaching anthropological interests and expertise.

  13. Design Anthropology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This edited volume provides an introduction to the emerging field of design anthropology from the point of view of anthropologists engaging in its development. Contributors include young anthropologists with experience in the field and leading theoreticians, who combine to articulate the specific...... style of knowing involved in doing design anthropology. So far design anthropology has been developed mostly in the practice of industry and the public sector, in particular in Scandinavia and the US, and the sustained academic reflection to support this practice is still in its early stages. This book...... will contribute to this theoretical reflection and provide a reference for practitioners, teachers and students of anthropology, as well as design and innovation....

  14. Thick prescriptions: toward an interpretation of pharmaceutical sales practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oldani, Michael J

    2004-09-01

    Anthropologists of medicine and science are increasingly studying all aspects of pharmaceutical industry practices--from research and development to the marketing of prescription drugs. This article ethnographically explores one particular stage in the life cycle of pharmaceuticals: sales and marketing. Drawing on a range of sources-investigative journalism, medical ethics, and autoethnography--the author examines the day-to-day activities of pharmaceutical salespersons, or drug reps, during the 1990s. He describes in detail the pharmaceutical gift cycle, a three-way exchange network between doctors, salespersons, and patients and how this process of exchange is currently in a state of involution. This gift economy exists to generate prescriptions (scripts) and can mask and/or perpetuate risks and side effects for patients. With implications of pharmaceutical industry practices impacting everything from the personal-psychological to the global political economy, medical anthropologists can play a lead role in the emerging scholarly discourse concerned with critical pharmaceutical studies.

  15. Związek filozofii Karla Jaspersa z klasyczną antropologią filozoficzną XX wieku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Urbanek

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to reconstruct Jaspers’ views on philosophical anthropology of the early twentieth century. The text can be divided into three parts. First part tries to reconstruct direct and indirect references which Jaspers makes toward: a term “anthropology”, b the representatives of philosophical anthropology. Second part shows Jaspers’ attitude toward Scheler’s anthropology. Third and final part raises a question: Why do we often regard Jaspers’ philosophy as anthropology, can he be considered as philosophical anthropologist? We will show that the main point of his critic is that anthropology sets biological point of view as a starting point for its inquiry on human being. Therefore, human being can not be seen adequately from anthropological perspective. Its specificity is reduced by anthropologists to the specific characteristics of species, a collection of biological, psychological and social conditions that describe the phenomenon of man but do not reach the depths of the human being.

  16. Biological Discourses on Human Races and Scientific Racism in Brazil (1832-1911).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arteaga, Juanma Sánchez

    2016-05-23

    This paper analyzes biological and scientific discourses about the racial composition of the Brazilian population, between 1832 and 1911. The first of these dates represents Darwin's first arrival in the South-American country during his voyage on H.M.S. Beagle. The study ends in 1911, with the celebration of the First universal Races congress in London, where the Brazilian physical anthropologist J.B. Lacerda predicted the complete extinction of black Brazilians by the year 2012. Contemporary European and North-American racial theories had a profound influence in Brazilian scientific debates on race and miscegenation. These debates also reflected a wider political and cultural concern, shared by most Brazilian scholars, about the future of the Nation. With few known exceptions, Brazilian evolutionists, medical doctors, physical anthropologists, and naturalists, considered that the racial composition of the population was a handicap to the commonly shared nationalistic goal of creating a modern and progressive Brazilian Republic.

  17. FORMA Y VARIACIÓN EN LA ESTRUCTURA DE ALDEA BALINESA / Form and variation in a balinese village structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clifford Geertz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El texto originalmente apareció bajo el título "Form and variation in a balinese village structure", en American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 61, N° 6 (Diciembre de 1959, pp. 991-1012. Agradecemos a American Anthropologist por la autorización a publicar esta traducción. Elegimos traducir y editar este texto de Clifford Geertz en la RMA, por considerarlo una pieza clave para los debates de la “era estructuralista”, por sus cualidades intrínsecas y su trascendencia para la teoría – etnografía, así como por tratarse de un texto primario de un autor fundamental.

  18. Doing it our way: Love and marriage in Kolkata middle-class Families

    OpenAIRE

    Donner, Henrike

    2016-01-01

    With the exception of a few anthropologists working on gender much of the recent literature on emerging intimate modernities in South Asia seems to support a view of social relationships evolving in a kind of linear development towards free choice, individualism and sexual identities. In this article I argue that apart from the ostensibly overwhelming transformations that individualism, discourses on coupledom and the public display of affection among the young may suggest, the new ways of be...

  19. The Hidden Dimension of Strategic Planning: Explorations in the Formation of Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    commerce, warfare, and even sleep, is based on presuppositions. -- Gregory Bateson By education most have been misled; So they believe, because they so...sensory input but actually supplied from our memory. Anthropologist\\Philosopher Gregory Bateson tells us: "All experience is subjective, . . our brains...to radio waves and to magnetic fields. Certain fish emit 38 Press and Arian, 1966, 156. 𔄃 Bateson , Greogory, Mind and Nature, A Necessary Unity

  20. Political crimes in the transition to modernity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    2013-01-01

    This article is intended as a reflection piece on the question: what could be an anthropological contribution to the question of political crimes? The reflection will consist of three interrelated parts. In the first part, I wish to address the meaning of the words we use when bespeaking “crime” ...... anthropologists and sociologists, who, although known figures, have so far remained peripheral within political anthropology: Ferdinand Tönnies, Gabriel Tarde, Marcel Mauss, Gregory Bateson, Victor Turner and René Girard....

  1. A Theoretical Framework for Defense Acquisition Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    communication. Relational communication was first developed by an anthropologist named Gregory Bateson in the early 1950’s and has recently been...Institute Yale U. Negotiation and Competitive P. C. Cramton Decision Making (Derived from Neale, Margaret A. and Gregory B. Northcroft. Bargaining...Acquisition Improvement Program," Program Manager, 12: 5-13. (November-December 1983). 14. Buntz, Gregory C. and Donald L. Carper. "A Conflict Management

  2. Dance anthropology and the impact of 1930s Haiti on Katherine Dunham's scientific and artistic consciousness

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Katherine Dunham (1909-2006) was one of the most critically and commercially successful dancers of the twentieth century. She established and ran the Katherine Dunham Dance Company, the earliest self-supporting predominantly black dance company and one of the first modern dance troupes to achieve international success. She was also one of the first African Americans to conduct anthropological fieldwork, and the first anthropologist to explore the function of dance in rituals and community lif...

  3. Human paleoneurology

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    The book presents an integrative review of paleoneurology, the study of endocranial morphology in fossil species. The main focus is on showing how computed methods can be used to support advances in evolutionary neuroanatomy, paleoanthropology and archaeology and how they have contributed to creating a completely new perspective in cognitive neuroscience. Moreover, thanks to its multidisciplinary approach, the book addresses students and researchers approaching human paleoneurology from different angles and for different purposes, such as biologists, physicians, anthropologists, archaeologists

  4. FOLLOWING THE NEW SILK ROAD BETWEEN YIWU AND CAIRO

    OpenAIRE

    Pliez, Olivier

    2012-01-01

    International audience; What link can be established between Tripoli, capital of the former rogue state of Libya, the small Egyptian border town of Salloum, inhabited by Bedouins, the Egyptian metropolis of Cairo, and Yiwu, a market city three hours’ drive from Shanghai? At first glance, the question may seem like a guessing game, but in fact it leads geographers, anthropologists, and other social scientists to face the increasing difficulty of working out the unexpected and often invisible c...

  5. Sosiologiese en antropologiese insigte en die studie van die Hebreeuse Bybel: 'n Bestekopname1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul A. Kruger

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Sociological and anthropological insights and the study of the Hebrew Bible: A review. This article reviews the main trends in the social-scientific study of the Hebrew Bible. It focuses on the following central issues: the theoretical principles underlying this approach, anthropologists and the Hebrew Bible, the Hebrew Bible and comparative anthropology, anthropological evidence from African cultures, and the Hebrew Bible in social-scientific research: perils and prospects.

  6. Morphological Study of Wormian Bones in Dried Human Skulls

    OpenAIRE

    Divyesh Patel; Ketan Chauhan; Dhananjay Patil

    2015-01-01

    Background: Wormian bones may be defined as a those accidental bones found in the cranium having no regular relation to their normal ossification centre. They are assocated with cranial and central nervous system abnormalities. Knowledge of these bones is important for anthropo-logists, forensic experts, radiologists, orthopedic and neurosurgeons to avoid misleading for multiple fractures of the skull. Materials and Methods: Adult dry human skulls (n= 27) of unknown age and sex availablei...

  7. En busca del paraíso: historias de vida y migración

    OpenAIRE

    Prat i Carós, Joan

    2007-01-01

    The author focuses on life stories related to processes of migration as he discusses a wide range of materials pursuant to the biographical method, such as biographies, autobiographies, life stories and accounts, whether personal, collective or intersecting; written by the migrants themselves or, more often, by anthropologists and sociologists who have lent their voices to the voiceless. By means of ethnographic descriptions or personal remembrances, or both, he attempts to reflect as much th...

  8. Bronisław Malinowski: Deus ex machina of anthropology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanja Borš

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this, popularizing, work is to look back and present fundamental, but also some lesser known, biographical information about the one of the most famous anthropologists, Bronisław Malinowski, and do so in the context of commemorating 130 years from his birth. Therefore, this work primarily traces his education, influences, research and educational activity. The essential contributions of Malinowski to anthropology, that is, his concept of functionalism and participant observation, are briefly presented as well.

  9. Keeping the feet of the gods and the saints warm: mundane pragmatics in times of suffering and uncertainty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dongen, Els

    2008-12-01

    In this article the author writes about mundane pragmatics, or everyday deeds, in times of suffering and uncertainty. Such pragmatics differ from cultural practices such as biomedical therapies or individual health-seeking behaviour patterns. Medical anthropologists and others working in the field of health and illness often overlook such pragmatics. However, these actions are of great social value and express the connectedness and bonds between people. They also express our deep beliefs, hopes, powerlessness and vulnerability.

  10. Reading National Geographic, Catherine A. Lutz and Jane L. Collins, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1993

    OpenAIRE

    1994-01-01

    As I write this, I have just received an advertisement from the National Geographic Society, saying that as a member, I have the opportunity to be one of the fIrst to purchase a volume on the greatest photographs ever published in the National Geographic. Like many others, especially anthropologists (I suspect), I grew up reading National Geographic, had access to,National Geographic publications, and probably got my f...

  11. Remembering Coyolxauhqui as a Birthing Text

    OpenAIRE

    Luna, Jennie; Galeana, Martha

    2016-01-01

    This article examines several interpretations of the stone image of Coyolxauhqui: 1) the Early Academic interpretation established by anthropologists; 2) the Xicana Feminist interpretation; and 3) a Partera/Midwife perspective which re-envisions Coyolxauhqui as a birthing diagram or guide for women in labor. Historically, Coyolxauhqui has been referred to as the “dis-membered woman” and used as evidence of the victimization of women in Mesoameri- can society. This article challenges t...

  12. The contribution of extra mural activities in the holistic development of foundation phase children at a private school

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    M.Ed. Play is a concept that has been widely researched and discussed by psychologists, historians, educationalists and anthropologists throughout history. These scholars have been intrigued by its significance and meaning. Their findings have lead them to agree that play is an essential component in healthy human development. The value of play in the lives of children cannot be underestimated. It is the natural mode of learning for children and it is the carrier through which they acquire...

  13. Flexible Word Classes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    a century, the phenomenon has not played a role in the development of linguistic typology or modern grammatical theory. The current volume aims to address this gap by offering detailed studies on flexible word classes, investigating their properties and what it means for the grammar of a language to have...... Indonesian, Santali, Sri Lanka Malay, Lushootseed, Gooniyandi, and Late Archaic Chinese. Readership: Linguists and students of linguistics and cognitive sciences, anthropologists, philosophers...

  14. Neighbourhood Perceptions of the Ukraine Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    different perceptions of the Ukrainian-Russian war in neighbouring countries, this book offers an analysis of the conflicts and issues connected with the shifting of the border regions of Russia and Ukraine to show how ’material’ and ’psychological’ borders are never completely stable ideas....... The contributors – historians, sociologists, anthropologists and political scientists from across Europe – use an interdisciplinary and comparative approach to explore the different national and transnational perceptions of a possible future role for Russia....

  15. New Wedding Customs of the Li People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER; LIM

    1998-01-01

    HISTORICALLY, Hainan Island has been the land of the Li people. It was only during the Western Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D.25), when the centralizedgovernment established two prefectures here caned Zhuya and Dan’er, that the Han people began to come southward to this remote island. So when anthropologists study the history and local customs of Hainan, the earliest information concerns the development of the Li nationality. There is a museum which provides clues to this history, the

  16. Playing with Knives: The Socialization of Self-Initiated Learners

    OpenAIRE

    Lancy, David F.

    2016-01-01

    Since Margaret Mead’s field studies in the South Pacific a century ago, there has been the tacit understanding that as culture varies, so too must the socialization of children to become competent culture users and bearers. More recently, the work of anthropologists has been mined to find broader patterns that may be common to childhood across a range of societies. One improbable commonality has been the tolerance, even encouragement, of toddler behavior that is patently risky, such as playi...

  17. Playing With Knives: The Socialization of Self-Initiated Learners

    OpenAIRE

    Lancy, David F.

    2015-01-01

    Since Margaret Mead's field studies in the South Pacific a century ago, there has been the tacit understanding that as culture varies, so too must the socialization of children to become competent culture users and bearers. More recently, the work of anthropologists has been mined to find broader patterns that may be common to childhood across a range of societies. One improbable commonality has been the tolerance, even encouragement, of toddler behavior that is patently risky, such as playin...

  18. 古代舞蹈的当代遗影——“於菟”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙明光

    2004-01-01

    Nianduhu,an ethnic Tu village in an outlying area that lies,3,000 meters above sea level on the QinghaiTibet Plateau,may have remained anonymous forever but for those anthropologiste coming afar for a uniaue ritual performed annually on November 2-th by the lunar calendar,The ritual ,featuring haunting of evil spirits by a group of yong male dancers who disguise themselves as tigers,

  19. Beyond Lawrence: Ethnographic Intelligence for USSOCOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    Frake, C. O. (1964b). Notes on queries in ethnography. American Anthropologist, 66(3), 132–145. Retrieved May 13, 2009 from JSTOR database ...from JSTOR database . 68 Seligman, A. (1997). The problem of trust. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Simons, A. and Tucker, D...battlefield development plans, automated and hardcopy databases , arms proliferation and military power studies related to the weapons acquisition strategies

  20. La Antropología Y El Estudio De La Política Pública: Reflexiones Sobre La "Formulación" De Las Políticas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cris Shore.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the contribution of social anthropology to the study of public policy. It asks how do policies 'work' and what advice might an anthropologist give to social scientists who wish to study policy. Drawing on ethnographic case studies, I argue that anthropology can provide a critical lens for understanding the way policies work as, inter alia, symbols, charters for legitimacy, political technologies, forms of governmentality, and instruments of power that typically conceal the mechanisms of their own operation.

  1. Chaplaincy at a Crossroads: Fundamentalist Chaplains in a Pluralistic Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    of the larger organizations of Wiccan followers in the United States, describe its practice and followers in this way: “ Wicca , as practiced today, is...other cultures. Modern Wicca or "Witchcraft" can be directly traced back to the writings of Margaret Murray, a cultural anthropologist,” see...History, Development, and Philosophy of Traditional Craft Wicca (TCW),” linked from Sacred Well Congregation Home Page, http://www.sacredwell.org

  2. Catching Power: Race, Altered Solidarities, and Science in Trinidad

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    In Trinidad, "catching power" indexes the embodiment of other-than-human force, a cultivated practice that anthropologists have typically referred to as "spirit possession." This dissertation examines how "catching power" recursively transforms social scientific theories of power, and how practices codified as illicit superstition, but called science by practitioners, alter the limits of the authoritative categories of modern rationalization. For more than two centuries, colonial and postco...

  3. Welcome Home, Descartes! Rethinking the Anthropology of the Body

    OpenAIRE

    Ecks, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    For many scholars, the Cartesian mind/body split is one of the fundamental mistakes of the Western scientific tradition. Anthropologists who study notions of the body in cultures around the world regularly take Descartes as their point of departure. Many also suggest that breaking free from Descartes is politically liberating: if the mindful body could be rediscovered, society could move away from its materialist, positivist, and commodity-fetishizing ways. Beyond the Body Proper is anthropol...

  4. Culture, Urbanism and Changing Human Biology

    OpenAIRE

    Schell, L M

    2014-01-01

    Anthropologists have long known that human activity driven by culture changes the environment. This is apparent in the archaeological record and through the study of the modern environment. Perhaps the largest change since the paleolithic era is the organization of human populations in cities. New environments can reshape human biology through evolution as shown by the evolution of the hominid lineage. Evolution is not the only process capable of reshaping our biology. Some changes in our hum...

  5. La Diosa Blanca y el Real Madrid. Celebraciones deportivas y espacio urbano

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz García, Carmen

    2006-01-01

    One of the most frequent topics analyzed by anthropologists studying the social and cultural expressions around football is the relation between the soccer teams and the cities where they are based. In this paper an introduction is presented to the uses, both symbolic and practical, of the urban space by the soccer hooligans in Madrid and other Spanish cities. Specifically it treats the controversial question of the seizure in the last decades of some elements of the urban heritage (monuments...

  6. Beliefs about the Etiology of Homosexuality and about the Ramifications of Discovering Its Possible Genetic Origin

    OpenAIRE

    Sheldon, Jane P.; Pfeffer, Carla A.; Jayaratne, Toby Epstein; Feldbaum, Merle; Petty, Elizabeth M

    2007-01-01

    Homosexuality is viewed by many as a social problem. As such, there has been keen interest in elucidating the origins of homosexuality among many scholars, from anthropologists to zoologists, psychologists to theologians. Research has shown that those who believe sexual orientation is inborn are more likely to have tolerant attitudes toward gay men and lesbians, whereas those who believe it is a choice have less tolerant attitudes. The current qualitative study used in-depth, open-ended telep...

  7. Evaluační výzkum

    OpenAIRE

    Kovář, Jakub; Katedra antropologických a historických věd, Filozofická fakulta, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni

    2008-01-01

    The article takes to task the well-established claim that academic anthropology should be free from traps of evaluation. Although, on the other hand, in applied anthropology we could see the strong accent on the evaluational research, as a new option for anthropologist. In this article are discussed the trends in evaluation research by means of their strategies, compared with academic research and with certain emphasis on theory-driven perspective introduced by Huey-tsyh Chen. In addition to ...

  8. Design Anthropology in Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Gislev Kjærsgaard, Mette

    2014-01-01

    In this workshop we explore the opportunities of ethnography and design anthropology in Participatory Design (PD) as an approach to design in an increasingly global and digital world. Traditionally, ethnography has been used in PD to research real-life contexts and challenges, and as ways...... opportunities of using design anthropology as a holistic and critical approach to societal challenges, and a way for anthropologists and designers to engage in design that extends beyond the empirical....

  9. Design Anthropology in Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Kjærsgaard, Mette Gislev

    2015-01-01

    This focus section explores the opportunities of design anthropology in participatory design as an approach to research and design in an increasingly global and digital world. Traditionally, ethnography has been used in Participatory design to research real-life contexts and challenges, and as ways...... opportunities of using design anthropology as a holistic and critical approach to addressing societal challenges and change, and a way for anthropologists and designers to engage in participatory research and design that extend beyond the empirical....

  10. The Anthropological Perspective on Disaster and the Key Concept of Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Susanna Hoffman; Chen Mei; Peng Wenbin

    2015-01-01

    Like Professor Anthony Oliver -Smith, I wish to speak to the theories and analyses of disaster from an anthropological perspective. While Professor Oliver -Smith's paper covers the history of the anthropological concern, the ecologi-cal paradigm, reconstruction, and other positions, the intent of mine is to zero in on what anthropolo-gists consider the foremost factor in the creation, the unfolding, prevention and mitigation of disas-ter, and that is culture.

  11. The Inter-twining of Modern Performance Studies and Current Trends in Anthropology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marvin Carlson

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the relation between Performance, Theatre and Anthropology. We present the origins of the relations between performance and anthropology, listing the main ideas from North-American and French pioneers. We compare the connections between artists and anthropologists like Richard Schechner and Victor Turner, Eugenio Barba and Kirsten Hastrup. Finally, we discuss the movements and the different apprehensions of performance and the productive way in which the relation between performance and anthropology has been built in recent years.

  12. On the Advantages and Defects of the American Structuralism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓莹

    2004-01-01

    During the years at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century when Saussure was working out his ideas in Europe, synchronic linguistics was emerging independently, and in a very different style, in America, under the leadership of the anthropologist Franz Boas. Boas set a direction for American linguistics. The school founded by Boas was called structural linguistics. Beside Boas, the other two major representatives of this school during this period were: Sapir and Bloomfield.

  13. Fotoetnografia: a importância da fotografia para o resgate etnográfico Paulo César Boni, Bruna Maria Moreschi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna Maria Moreschi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the use of photography in an ethnographical approach. It traces historically the growing importance of image in anthropological studies. It lists photographers and anthropologists, including Brazilians who employ photography to retrieve people and social groups. Based on available bibliography and on newly-published texts cited in the body of this work, it concludes that, throughout time, photography is increasingly being incorporated as a source for ethnographical research.

  14. WILD PIG HUNTING IN PETUNGKRIONO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pujo Semedi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Anthropologists have been studying hunting from the economic, ecological, and symbolical perspectives. The third perspective has been used to comprehend the hunting activities among the farmers of Petungkriono who have used hunting to show masculinity. Further investigation has revealed that the arena is created as a compensation for the fragile position of the local male inhabitants in the household social economic condition as connected to the matrilinear land inheritance system.

  15. Focus Section on Design Anthropology in Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    This focus section explores the opportunities of design anthropology in participatory design as an approach to research and design in an increasingly global and digital world. Traditionally, ethnography has been used in Participatory design to research real-life contexts and challenges, and as ways...... opportunities of using design anthropology as a holistic and critical approach to addressing societal challenges and change, and a way for anthropologists and designers to engage in participatory research and design that extend beyond the empirical....

  16. Cooperative Competition: Possibly Oxymoronic But Definitely Smart

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    competition and warfare. 56 Anthropologist Agustin Fuentes writes “There is no doubt that the potential for aggressive conflict in a variety of forms...Collaborative Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1994 Clausewitz, Carl von. On War. Edited and translated by Michael Howard and Peter Paret...Studies, 27 March 2002. Fuentes, Agustin . “It‟s Not All Sex and Violence: Integrated Anthropology and the Role of Cooperation and Social Complexity

  17. From observing to constructing the Object in etnographic investigation: fieldwork on "botellón"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Jesús Sánchez Hernández

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available In the professional career of any anthropologist there is the inevitable rite of passage of fieldwork and later ethnographic writing; the following illustrates the development of the process in the construction of the object from the perspective of the student who, for the first time, has to face the task of defining and limiting the scope of her investigation: the phenomenon of “botellón” (public drinking in two Spanish cities.

  18. Ethnography and Industrial Design

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Ethnography is among the many tools used in social research. It refers to a set of methods and techniques used primarily by anthropologists in their fieldwork. It is about observing people during specific periods of time or while performing particular actions and writing about what was observed. Because people rarely do exactly as they state, a purpose of conducting an ethnographic study is to uncover meanings about an issue that may not be available through traditional evaluation methods. ...

  19. How the World Changed Social Media

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Daniel; Costa, Elisabetta; Haynes, Nell; McDonald, Tom; Nicolescu, Razvan; Sinanan, Jolynna; Spyer, Juliano; Venkatraman, Shriram; Wang, Xinyuan

    2016-01-01

    How the World Changed Social Media is the first book in Why We Post, a book series that investigates the findings of nine anthropologists who each spent 15 months living in communities across the world. This book offers a comparative analysis summarising the results of the research and exploring the impact of social media on politics and gender, education and commerce. What is the result of the increased emphasis on visual communication? Are we becoming more individual or more social? Why is ...

  20. ASPECTS REGARDING THE THEORY OF THE INDIVIDUAL’S BASIC VALUES

    OpenAIRE

    Delia Mioara POPESCU; Ioan BOICIUC

    2013-01-01

    The concept of "value" has a long research tradition in the social sciences, as a field of interest also to philosophers, anthropologists, sociologists, psychologists, specialists in management and marketing. M. Rokeach (1973, cited in Tania Ogay, 2004) considers values as the central concept of the social sciences, because all issues that take into consideration these sciences, one time or another, act either as dependent or either as independent variables. Our article aims in the beginning,...

  1. Building a Virtual Cultural Intelligence Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    to strive for an objective understanding of the “why” question. Another American anthropologist, Clifford Geertz , says “The concept of culture I...February 12, 2007). 96 Benedict, Patterns of Culture, 10-11. 97 Keesing, Cultural Anthropology, 18. 98 Clifford Geertz , The Interpretation of Cultures...Special Operations Technology, volume 5, issue 2. March. Geertz , Clifford . (1973) The interpretation of cultures. New York: Basic Books

  2. North Korea’s Juche Ideology and the German Re-Unification Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    His evaluation is supported by anthropologist Clifford Geertz , who explains (following Walker Percy) that cognizant perception is “an act of... Clifford Geertz , The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays (New York: Basic Books, 1973), 215. 4 Additional support comes from Ilpyong Kim, who...Cutchogue, N.Y.: Buccaneer Books, Inc, 1992. French, Paul. North Korea: The Paranoid Peninsula--a Modern History. London: Zed Books, 2007. Geertz

  3. [Participatory observation in the 1995 count of population and housing. An anthropological experience].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mindek, D

    1996-01-01

    "The experience of an anthropologist who participated as enumerator in [Mexico's] Conteo de Poblacion y Vivienda 1995 is analyzed in this paper. The author describes briefly the methodology...for each stage of the enumeration; she systematically points [out] the circumstances and reasons that determine why the different groups involved in the process do not follow the rules. She [examines] the questions that the informers usually avoid answering, or the ones they answer hardly and imprecisely." (EXCERPT)

  4. Crafting a new science: defining paleoanthropology and its relationship to prehistoric archaeology, 1860-1890.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrum, Matthew R

    2014-12-01

    Paleoanthropology emerged as a science during the late nineteenth century. The discovery of prehistoric artifacts in Pleistocene deposits soon led to the excavation of fossilized human bones. The archaeologists and geologists who unearthed them were primarily concerned with determining whether the human fossils and the artifacts found with them actually dated from the Pleistocene, thus offering evidence for the geological antiquity of humans. Prehistoric archaeologists reconstructed the way of life of prehistoric peoples through the artifacts found, while anthropologists examined the human fossils. They wanted primarily to identify the races of prehistoric humans. It was within this context that French anthropologists began to use the term "paléo-anthropologie" to refer to a new scientific discipline devoted to the study of prehistoric human races and human paleontology. This essay examines how paleoanthropology was defined as a science during the 1870s and 1880s. It shows that a tension existed between the objectives and methods of archaeologists and anthropologists. Paul Topinard criticized archaeologists and argued that a new type of scientist; the paleoanthropologist trained in anatomy or zoology, was needed to study human fossils properly.

  5. Forensic anthropology in Europe: an assessment of current status and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kranioti, Elena; Paine, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Forensic anthropology is the discipline that traditionally deals with the examination of human remains for legal purposes and it derives from the fields of anatomy, physical anthropology and forensic medicine. For more than a century, forensic anthropologists in the United States have been offering their services in the court of law complementing the medico-legal investigation of other forensic professionals. The current status in European countries is presented here. The development of forensic anthropology varies significantly among the countries of Europe. Whereas some countries show a long history of research activity in the forensic sciences, including forensic anthropology (i.e. France, Germany and Spain), others are exhibiting a recent, rapid development (i.e. United Kingdom). In some cases, forensic anthropologists are employed within the academic realm (i.e. U.K., Denmark, Portugal, Turkey), forensic institutions (Netherlands) or government organizations (Spain, Hungary), although the vast majority of them remain limited to freelance activities on a sporadic basis. Often, European scientists that deal with skeletal remains come from nonphysical anthropology disciplines such as archaeology, forensic medicine and biology. In many cases they do not have adequate training equivalent to the forensic anthropologists in the USA. Naturally, without common training and a common legal system, an accreditation system for Europe will be difficult to implement.

  6. [Anthropology at the heart of medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal, Laurent

    2008-10-01

    Anthropology and medicine share many concerns, but have had trouble collaborating in the past. The anthropologist has had to plead both with his colleagues and physicians to move beyond a vision that would confine him to the study of traditional or alternative medicines and representations of populations and the sick. The anthropologist's approach perceived as intrusive has also raised fears in the medical world. These reciprocal misunderstandings and stereotypes need to be overcome by an anthropology that studies the practices and knowledge of modern medicine as they are elaborated daily. Anthropology will dialogue with medicine without judging it. In its turn, medicine will open its sites of healing and teaching to the anthropologist. Anthropology at the heart of medicine is organized around the idea that the paths and expectations of health professionals reflect the specicifities of the local system of health. The individual dimensions of practices cannot be divorced from the functioning of structures of health and decision. Finally, like any other kind of anthropology, medical anthropology must scrutinize its own methods and ethics in a critical way.

  7. Applying anthropology in the development of former colonies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Ribić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available From the sixth to the eight decade of the twentieth century, horizontally integrated and sector approach intermingled, and the renewed interest for the influence of development on the poor in the second half of the seventies, brought about the larger than ever engagement of anthropologists in developmental projects. In the twenties “sustainable” became the credo for development, and for anthropologists, cultural ecologists and human rights representatives, sustainability meant the capability of the people to preserve and maintained their mode of life. The usual stance is that developmental anthropology as a profession is constituted upon the general anthropology, and that one of its perspectives in relation to the development planning arises from the understanding of the process of birocratic decision making and the use of profound knowledge of cultures, institutions and historical trends in a particular country, as well as from the insights obtained from comparative studies of comparable institutions in other countries. The objective is to arrive to an unambiguous and anticipatory assessment of decisions-consequences relating to the distribution of resources, and the foremost trait of such perspective is the focus on, in a cultural pattern based, perceptions, goals, interests, strategies and organizations of the planned clients and members of other groups, including the elite and the administrators, whose cooperation is a precondition of change. On the other hand, anthropologists who reject such understandings of developmental anthropology, rebuff an occidental view of development as a historical necessity.

  8. "Doctor, Why Didn't You Adopt My Baby?" Observant Participation, Care, and the Simultaneous Practice of Medicine and Anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sufrin, Carolyn

    2015-12-01

    Medical anthropology has long appreciated the clinical encounter as a rich source of data and a key site for critical inquiry. It is no surprise, then, that a number of physician-anthropologists have used their clinical insights to make important contributions to the field. How does this duality challenge and enhance the moral practice and ethics of care inherent both to ethnography and to medicine? How do bureaucratic and professional obligations of HIPAA and the IRB intersect with aspirations of anthropology to understand human experience and of medicine to heal with compassion? In this paper, I describe my simultaneous fieldwork and clinical practice at an urban women's jail in the United States. In this setting, being a physician facilitates privileged access to people and spaces within, garners easy trust, and enables an insider perspective more akin to observant participation than participant observation. Through experiences of delivering the infants of incarcerated pregnant women and of being with the mothers as they navigate drug addiction, child custody battles, and re-incarceration, the roles of doctor and anthropologist become mutually constitutive and transformative. Moreover, the dual practice reveals congruities and cracks in each discipline's ethics of care. Being an anthropologist among informants who may have been patients reworks expectations of care and necessitates ethical practice informed by the dual roles.

  9. Reconciling "stress" and "health" in physical anthropology: what can bioarchaeologists learn from the other subdisciplines?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reitsema, Laurie J; McIlvaine, Britney Kyle

    2014-10-01

    The concepts of "stress" and "health" are foundational in physical anthropology as guidelines for interpreting human behavior and biocultural adaptation in the past and present. Though related, stress and health are not coterminous, and while the term "health" encompasses some aspects of "stress," health refers to a more holistic condition beyond just physiological disruption, and is of considerable significance in contributing to anthropologists' understanding of humanity's lived experiences. Bioarchaeological interpretations of human health generally are made from datasets consisting of skeletal markers of stress, markers that result from (chronic) physiological disruption (e.g., porotic hyperostosis; linear enamel hypoplasia). Non-specific indicators of stress may measure episodes of stress and indicate that infection, disease, or nutritional deficiencies were present in a population, but in assessing these markers, bioarchaeologists are not measuring "health" in the same way as are human biologists, medical anthropologists, or primatologists. Rather than continue to diverge on separate (albeit parallel) trajectories, bioarchaeologists are advised to pursue interlinkages with other subfields within physical anthropology toward bridging "stress" and "health." The papers in this special symposium set include bioarchaeologists, human biologists, molecular anthropologists, and primatologists whose research develops this link between the concepts of "stress" and "health," encouraging new avenues for bioarchaeologists to consider and reconsider health in past human populations.

  10. Effects of eating frequency, snacking, and breakfast skipping on energy regulation: symposium overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCrory, Megan A; Campbell, Wayne W

    2011-01-01

    The ASN hosted a symposium entitled "Eating Patterns and Energy Balance: A Look at Eating Frequency, Snacking, and Breakfast Omission" at the Experimental Biology 2009 annual meeting on April 19, 2009, in New Orleans, LA. The symposium was chaired by Megan McCrory and co-chaired by Wayne Campbell, both from Purdue University. The goal of the symposium was to bring together experts to provide an overview of research on the potential role of eating patterns in the development of overweight and obesity. Studies on eating frequency, snacking, and breakfast skipping were highlighted. In particular, evidence both for and against their roles were discussed, methodological issues that underlie controversies were addressed, and suggested future directions for research were outlined. Appetite regulation and hormonal effects were also reviewed. Megan McCrory introduced the session then discussed studies on eating frequency and energy regulation in free-living adults consuming self-selected diets. Heather Leidy summarized the state of the research on eating frequency and energy regulation in adults from controlled feedings studies. Didier Chapelot discussed various usages of "snack" and argued for a physiological basis to distinguish snacks from meals. Mark Pereira presented information on the effects of breakfast skipping and the macronutrient composition of breakfast in energy regulation and mood. A panel discussion/question and answer session ended the symposium. The symposium was videotaped and can be viewed at www.nutrition.org.

  11. A Three-Planet Extrasolar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovis, Christophe; Mayor, Michel; Pepe, Francesco; Queloz, Didier; Udry, Stéphane; Santos, Nuno C.; Alibert, Yann; Benz, Willy; Mordasini, Christoph; Bouchy, François; Correia, Alexandre C. M.; Laskar, Jacques; Bertaux, Jean-Loup; Sivan, Jean-Pierre

    2006-06-01

    Using the ultra-precise HARPS spectro-graph on ESO’s 3.6-m telescope at La Silla, a team of astronomers1 has discovered that a nearby star is host to three Neptune-mass planets. The in-nermost planet is most probably rocky, while the outermost is the first known Neptune-mass planet to reside in the habitable zone. This unique system is likely further enriched by an asteroid belt. Z% Lovis et al. 2006, Nature 441, 305. The team is composed of Christophe Lovis, Michel Mayor, Francesco Pepe, Didier Queloz, and Stéphane Udry (Observatoire de l’Université de Genève, Switzerland), Nuno C. Santos (Observatoire de l’Uni-versité de Genève, Switzerland, Centro de Astro-nomia e Astrofisica da Universidade de Lisboa and Centro de Geofisica de Evora, Portugal), Yann Alibert, Willy Benz, Christoph Mordasini (Physikalisches Institut der Universität Bern, Switzerland), François Bouchy (Observatoire de Haute-Provence and IAP, France), Alexandre C. M. Correia (Uni-versidade de Aveiro, Portugal), Jacques Laskar (IMCCE-CNRS, Paris, France), Jean-Loup Bertaux (Service d’Aéronomie du CNRS, France), and Jean-Pierre Sivan (Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, France).

  12. Staff members with 25 years' service at CERN in 2003

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The following staff members with 25 years' service in 2003 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 20 November 2003: ALLIOD Patrick/ATGESCHONKE Gunther/AB AYMON Marcel/HRGLASER Maurice/EP BAUDET Serge/TISHUGOT Bernard/AB BENOIT-JEANNIN Brigitte/SPLJOUVE Christian/AT BERRY Peter/HRJULLIARD André/ST BIERI Catherine/STLAFAGE Patrice/ST BLANC Didier/STLAJUST Danièle/DSU BLANC Michel/ITLEGRAND Dominique/AT BOCH Guy/ITLONG Serge/EST BONZANO Roberto/STLYONNET André/EP BURCKHART Doris/EPMALOD-DOGNIN Jean-Pierre/ST BURNS Alan/ABMAURY Stephan/AC BURTIN Gérard/ABMILES John/AT CARENA Wisla/EPMONET René/EST CASTEL André/ESTMULLER André/TIS CLIFF Frank/HRPERREAL Pierre/AT CUCCURU Giovanni/ATPETERSEN Jørgen/EP DAMIANI Michel/ABPETIT Patrick/EP DELUCINGE Evelyne/ATPIERRE Patrice/AB DHOTE Patrick/SPLROUX Jacques/EP FLUCKIGER François/ITSAMYN Dirk/EP FORESTE Antonio/ESTSAVIOZ Jean Jacques/AB FRAIS...

  13. Identifying communities from multiplex biological networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Didier

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Various biological networks can be constructed, each featuring gene/protein relationships of different meanings (e.g., protein interactions or gene co-expression. However, this diversity is classically not considered and the different interaction categories are usually aggregated in a single network. The multiplex framework, where biological relationships are represented by different network layers reflecting the various nature of interactions, is expected to retain more information. Here we assessed aggregation, consensus and multiplex-modularity approaches to detect communities from multiple network sources. By simulating random networks, we demonstrated that the multiplex-modularity method outperforms the aggregation and consensus approaches when network layers are incomplete or heterogeneous in density. Application to a multiplex biological network containing 4 layers of physical or functional interactions allowed recovering communities more accurately annotated than their aggregated counterparts. Overall, taking into account the multiplexity of biological networks leads to better-defined functional modules. A user-friendly graphical software to detect communities from multiplex networks, and corresponding C source codes, are available at GitHub (https://github.com/gilles-didier/MolTi.

  14. Meeting of Directors and Heads of Department from CEA-Saclay, France

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Directors and Heads of Department from the Saclay centre of the French atomic energy commission (CEA) visited CERN in December. They are pictured here at the LHC magnet test facility in building SM18. On the left behind the visitors are the test benches where magnets are prepared for installation in String 2: the 120-metre full-scale model of an LHC cell of the regular part of the arc, which can be seen to the right. Photos 01, 02: Left to right: Marc Dejardin, Alain Givernaud, Louis Laurent, François Kircher, Antoine Masurel, Joël Feltesse, André Menez, T. Taylor, Philippe Pradelles, Bernard Sevestre, Michel Roche, Jean-Yves Gascoin, Thierry Lieven, Michel Spiro, Jean-Pierre Pervès, Yves Lemoigne, Béatrice Reder, Georges Carola, Philippe Lebrun, Yves Bourlat, Bertrand Mercier, Jean-Paul Langlois, Patrick Laurent, Didier Moulin, Xavier Vitart, Marc Serre, Jean-Louis Pierrey, Patrick Jarry, Bruno Mansoulié, Stéphane Lequien, Hervé Barbelin, Philippe Pallier, Jean-Yves Guillamot, and Norbert Sioegel.

  15. 7 July 2011 - Members of the Swiss Federal Council (front row) in front of the Globe of Science and Innovation.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    CERN-HI-1107166 01 1er rang: La chancelière Corina Casanova, le conseiller fédéral Johann N. Schneider-Ammann, le conseiller fédéral Ueli Maurer, la conseillère fédérale Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf, la conseillère fédérale Simonetta Sommaruga, la Présidente de la Confédération Micheline Calmy-Rey, le Directeur général du CERN Rolf Heuer, la conseillère fédérale Doris Leuthard, le conseiller fédéral Didier Burkhalter. 2è rang: Le vice-chancelier André Simonazzi , le vice-chancelier Thomas Helbling, la chef des relations internationales Felicitas Pauss, le directeur de la recherche et du calcul scientifique Sergio Bertolucci. 3è rang: Les scientifiques suisses: Ulrich Straumann (LHCb, Zürich et délégué suisse au Conseil du CERN), Rainer Wallny (CMS, ETHZ), Günther Dissertori (CMS, ETHZ), Antonio Ereditato (ATLAS, Bern), Tatsuya Nakada (LHCb, EPFL), Olivier Schneider (LHCb, EPFL), Martin Pohl (ATLAS, Genève), Vincenzo Chiochia (CM, Zürich), Giuseppe Iacobucci (ATLAS, Genève), le C...

  16. “O Homem que Fora Consumido” – Um Conto da “Alma Exterior”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alice Ribeiro Gabriel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2015v68n2p43 Como ver o corpo além de sua materialidade é, obviamente, uma das maiores preocupações da ficção gótica de Edgar Allan Poe: “Metzengerstein”, “Morella”, “Ligeia”, “Uma estória das montanhas Ragged”, “Revelação mesmérica” e “Os fatos no caso de monsieur Valdemar” são alguns exemplos. Mas em seu grotesque cômico “O homem que fora consumido – Uma história das velhas campanhas dos Bugaboos e Kickapoos”, o humor negro e a sátira social prevalecem quando a trama centra-se no famoso brigadeiro por distinção John A. B. C. Smith e na obsessão do protagonista “Sobre este assunto – o do aspecto pessoal de Smith”. Este artigo pretende estabelecer algumas observações sobre as personagens do general Smith e do narrador não nomeado, utilizando como parâmetro teórico para esta análise os conceitos de patologia da adaptação, de Mahmoud Sami-Ali, e os de personalidade narcísica e estado-limite, desenvolvidos por Didier Anzieu.

  17. The joke envelope: a neglected precursor of the psychic envelope concept in Freud's writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spero, Moshe Halevi

    2009-01-01

    The concepts of the primeval skin ego, psychic envelope, and related pre-ego containing and wrapping functions elaborated respectively by Esther Bick, Didier Anzieu, and Francis Tustin occupy an important position in contemporary psychoanalytic theory and clinical practice. The psychic envelope begins as a virtual mental protostructure ("proto" because it is not yet based on fully symbolized representations) that holds the budding mind together pending further developments. With maturity, the enveloping functions adopt symbolized, metaphoric form (for example, the aesthetic use of cloth, the analytic framework), but can regress to more concrete and pathological forms. The aforementioned authors based their ideas on a cluster of specific allusions to the idea of a psychic covering, barrier, or envelope in Freud's work. Yet they neglected one reference, hidden in Freud's analysis of the structure ofjokes and humor: the 'joke envelope"--die witzige Einkleidung. The present essay explores Freud's use of the term Einkleidung, including his intriguing idea that a joke requires three people whereas a dream does not and the fact that Freud nowhere speaks of a "dream envelope. "I take the "joke envelope" beyond its original context and posit a relationship between laughter and the early, normative traumas of breathing, crying, and loss, and the dawn of rhythmic envelopes that enable mentalization. Jokes and joking symbolically repeat the early rupture and rapture of breathing and self-other differentiation and the internalization of maternal containing and envelopment.

  18. The Skin-Ego: Dyadic Sensuality, Trauma in Infancy, and Adult Narcissistic Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anzieu-Premmereur, Christine

    2015-10-01

    The skin-ego is a metaphor created by the French psychoanalyst Didier Anzieu to describe the process by which the infant's emerging ego develops a container for psychic contents and achieves a secure feeling of well-being. The ego encloses the psychic apparatus as the skin encloses the body. The ego becomes able to fix barriers protecting the internal world and to screen exchanges with the id, the superego, and the outside world. The skin-ego is an envelope that contains thoughts and gives to thinking activity some limits, continuity, and a protection against the instincts. The functions of the skin-ego are to maintain thoughts, to contain ideas and affects, to provide a protective shield, to register traces of primary communication with the outside world, to manage inter-sensorial correspondences, to individuate, to support sexual excitation, and to recharge the libido. The skin-ego is the foundation of the container-contained relationship. An important part of psychoanalytic work with borderline patients is the reconstruction of the earliest phases of the skin-ego and their consequences for mental organization.

  19. Freud's paternity crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Edward A

    2016-11-14

    This article reexamines the interpretation of the significance of the Aliquis slip and related materials in terms of a family crisis in 1900 involving Freud, Anna Freud Bernays and their youngest sister Paula. It contends that Ernest Jones and Anna Freud later hid this story from history, largely for family reasons. It supports this contention by drawing on Ernest Jones and Anna Freud's archived letters, Anna Freud Bernays' memoirs, the complete Freud-Fliess letters and other historical sources and compares them to The Origins of Psychoanalysis and to Ernest Jones' biography of Freud. It shows how events during the crisis manifested themselves in Freud's On Dreams, the Aliquis slip, and the banking error story. It rejects Peter Swales' hypotheses about Freud and Minna Bernays being part of the Aliquis slip, but accepts Didier Anzieu's idea that Minna Bernays was the subject of the banking error story. It shows that the motive for the historical repression of the story began with Freud, but was over determined and included guilt and pain that developed when Paula and other sisters got caught up in the Nazi takeover of Austria.

  20. Club de pétanque

    CERN Multimedia

    Club de pétanque

    2013-01-01

    C'est sous une journée radieuse que s'est déroulé le jeudi 29 août 2013 notre concours interne "Challenge Jean-Claude Frot"pour la seizième année consécutive. Trente deux participants soit seize doublettes se disputaient en trois parties avec tirage à la mêlée. Notre concours ouvert à tous les amateurs de pétanque recevait Saint-Genis-Pouilly en la présence de leur président Didier Patroix,le club de Mouxy et son président Gino Nogare ainsi que des membres du club de Machilly. Après délibération de notre juge arbitre Claude Jouve quatre joueurs avaient gagné les trois parties et il fallait donc approfondir avec le goal avérage par les points faits et les points laissés faire. 1er : Jean-Jacques Stuppi,membre du club de Machilly et qui devient ...

  1. ”FEMININE WRITING” - THE EVOLUTION OF A CONCEPT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela BACALI

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The concept of “feminine writing” has caused much controversy in time. It appeared in France after the feminist movements in 1970, as a reaction to the lack of visibility of women writers, and it had three important stages. The first, temporally placed right after the events, whose spokeswoman was Hélène Cixous and was marked by her disputatious spirit. In the second stage, between the 80s and the 90s, a less troubled period, as the revolutionary enthusiasm decreased, the works of reference are those signed by Béatrice Didier and Christine Planté. A third stage is the one we are in at the moment – the stage from the beginning of the millennium – characterized by the fact that gender studies are more and more frequent and the efforts to reinstate a literature that has been ignored for a long time, as well as the concern to bring to the fore the literary femininity multiply. If in the period before the postmodernist era feminine literature had certain peculiarities due also to the social situation of women in a masculine society, nowadays the process of un-differentiation – a reflex of an equality that women gained with so much difficulty – is also manifested in the writing field.

  2. The relationship between diary and novel in "O amanuense Belmiro"

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    Aliny Santos Justino

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we develop the theoretical approach daily as part of the writing itself, according to the formulations of Philippe Lejeune (2008 and Béatrice Didier (1991. Thus, our main objective is to analyze the relationship between daily and memory in O amanuense Belmiro. Thus, exposing the characteristics that make up the structure and functioning of the diary will always lead to the establishment of specific manifestations of this relationship on the novel by Cyro dos Anjos. Initially, we analyze the relationship between the diary and the memories, once that the diary is presented for the narrator-character as a way of turning present situations into memory. Accordingly, we discuss the contrast between past and present that make up the Belmiro diary. Then, we will treat the diary as a way to isolate itself from the present – and here are included initial assumptions that characterize the diary and their training, in turn, favor the character's reflections on his past and present – where we will distinguish between those included in the diary and others who have a relationship with the narrative action. Finally, we will discuss the formulation of Maurice Blanchot (1987 to analyze the tense relationship between diary and novel in the construction of this novel.

  3. Concevoir des robots pour développer la créativité des élèves ?

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    John Didier

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose un ensemble de stratégies visant à développer la créativité des élèves dans le domaine de la conception technique en activités créatrices et manuelles (ACM. Plusieurs disciplines sont convoquées afin de provoquer une démarche interdisciplinaire intégrant le français, le design d'objets (robots et la programmation informatique. Le modèle théorique de John Didier et Denis Leuba resituant l'objet produit dans un processus de socialisation, permet d'intégrer l'objet technique dans un cadre plus large, en l'occurrence ses multiples usages sociaux possibles. Dans l'expérimentation analysée, le robot devient un élément d'un processus de communication aboutissant dans la réalisation d'une pièce de théâtre. L'objet technique n'est plus ainsi réduit à un artefact matériel, mais il devient instrument de communication de sens, en d'autres termes, il devient en quelque sorte un média.

  4. Orienteering Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Club d'Orientation

    2012-01-01

    Course d'orientation Ces deux dernières semaines, le club a organisé la troisième puis la quatrième étape de la coupe de printemps, une dans la forêt de Collogny/Moissey près de Vulbens, l’autre vers le parcours vita de Trélex. Les résultats sont: Facile court Vulbens : 1er Léo Lonchampt, O’Jura (16:04), 2e Timothée Bazin (23:07), 3e Francesco Pieri (26:57) Trélex : 1er Noora Maurent (23:11), 2e Sarah Stuber, COLJ (26:51), 3e T. Bazin (28:17) Facile moyen Vulbens : 1er Victor Kuznetsov, CO CERN (25:36), 2e Didier Descourvières (28:03), 3e Konstantinos Haider, CO CERN (36:53) Trélex : 1er V. Kuznetsov, COLJ (38:01), 2e K. Haider, CO CERN (43:15), 3e ex aequo Olivia Nguyen et Sven Vietmeier (58:11) Technique court Vulbens : 1er Benoit Bazin (41:21), 2e Colas Gintzburger (55:12), 3e Nathan Freydoz (55:48) Trélex : 1...

  5. Youth plus experience: the discovery of 51 Pegasi b

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenadelli, Davide; Bernagozzi, Andrea

    2015-12-01

    In 1995, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz announced they discovered 51 Pegasi b, the first planet ever found around a star other than the Sun. This discovery turned out to be a milestone of recent astronomy, as it opened up a new field of research that is growing impressively these days. However, 51 Pegasi b has surprising properties as compared to the planets of the Solar System, as it is a giant planet on a very close-in orbit around its parent star. Hence, its discovery was unexpected and its actual existence did not go unchallenged. In the following years, a passionate debate sprang up, and finally astronomers accepted it, but at the price of a deep revision of our understanding of how planetary systems are formed and evolve. In the present paper, we reconstruct the dynamics of the discovery of 51 Pegasi b and the first exoplanets, the quarrel that arose among astronomers and the final acceptance of the existence of planets with unexpected characteristics. This remarkable story is recounted by means of published literature as well as interviews with several of its main protagonists.

  6. El compromiso profético de los antropólogos sociales argentinos, 1960-1976

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    Rosana Guber

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Norbert Elias señalaba que calificar a las investigaciones según su grado de compromiso o distanciamiento de los objetos de estudio, es parte de los valores en tanto juicios prácticos que los intelectuales empleamos en el desarrollo de nuestra actividad. La profusa invocación al compromiso en la antropología latinoamerican, habla de lo que quienes lo invocan desean hacer con sus antropologías, y también de cómo este ideal nos ha modelado a los antropólogos. En este artículo muestro las formas y razones antropológicas y específicamente argentinas por las cuales la "antropología social" y el "compromiso" se constituyeron recíprocamente en el sentido común de nuestra subdisciplina en la Argentina. un doble posicionamiento-político-universitario y epistemológico-de un sector de los antropólogos argentinos que caracterizaré como profético.According to Norbert Elias, to qualify research according to its degree of commitment to, or detachment from its objects, is a practical value that intellectuals use in pursuing their job. Current references to commitment (compromiso by Latin American anthropologists, talk about those colleagues' perspectives on anthropology, and also about the ways in which such a notion has modeled them as anthropologists. Here I examine how and why Argentine anthropologists have made of "social anthropology" and "commitment" the backbone of their discipline in Argentina, both in university politics and in academic work in the 60-70s. I also suggest that anthropological debates on prophets and prophetism may cast some light upon this process.

  7. Saper vedere: il “giro lungo” dell’antropologia visuale

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    Paolo Chiozzi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Visual anthropology is often identified with ‘Ethnographic film’, thus the debate focuses more on filming than on ethics of anthropological research. In this paper I suggest a different approach to visual research, where the anthropologist does not abdicate his cultural and ‘political’ tasks to become a filmmaker, but is aware that he must ‘learn’ (and teach how to see human reality. And my long wandering through visual anthropology allowed me to realize that one can be a good ‘visual’ anthropologist even if he does not make himself films or professional photographs – on the contrary I believe that the collaboration between the anthropologist and the photographer is often much more suitable. What we should do, is to interact and collaborate with professional filmmakers and/or photographers who share our own ideas about the ‘observation’ of humans: not a sort of voyeurism, but an emotional sharing of their memories, of their daily life, of their emotions, of their fears – and of course the awareness that anthropology has an intrinsic ‘political’ involvement. Here my aim is to explain my own approach through some examples of anthropological research based on a tight collaboration with photographers (Davide Virdis, acrhitect and photographer – Stefano Morelli, psychologist and photographer – Mario Chieffo, freelance photographer, and one specific work done involving also a filmmaker, Sandro Nardoni. Those works are actually steps of a route that led me to realize how dangerous the overemphasis of our sense of seeing may be.

  8. Quem exotiza quem? Bastidores metodológicos do encontro de uma antropóloga e um grupo de doulas

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    Soraya Fleischer

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available A forma como a presença do(a antropólogo(a é construída coletivamente no campo define, em grande medida, o perfil dos dados que recolhe. Esse ensaio parte da relação estabelecida entre a pesquisadora e um grupo de 25 doulas durante seu curso de formação. Doulas são mulheres que oferecem apoio físico e emocional a parturientes antes, durante e depois do trabalho de parto. Aqui, pretendo apresentar e discutir alguns momentos desse curso em que o fato de haver uma antropóloga no grupo provocou experiências e sentimentos complexos de alteridade, permitindo pensar sobre os processos de exotização que acontecem de ambas as partes. É possível que estas reflexões iniciais possam ser úteis, como contraponto comparativo, a outros antropólogos enfrentando os dilemas de aceitação, inserção e trânsito no campo. Abstract The way in which the presence of the anthropologist is collectively constructed in the field defines, to a great extent, the profile of the data s/he collects. This essay is based on the relationship established between the researcher and a group of 25 doulas during their formation course. Doulas are women that provide physical and emotional support to pregnant women before, during and after labor. In this paper, we intend to present and discuss some situations that happened along this course in which the fact of having an anthropologist in the group aroused complex experiences and feelings of alterity. This perception led us to think about the exotization that took place on both sides. Possibly, these initial reflections may be useful as a comparative counterpoint to other anthropologists facing the dilemmas of acceptation, insertion and transit in the field.

  9. Marcelijaus Martinaičio poezijos antropologiškumas | Anthropological poetry of Marcelijus Martinaitis

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    Akvilė Rėklaitytė

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Artists, philosophers, and cultural anthropologists claim that a human being is defined by the innate ability and aptitude to represent the world and oneself symbolically; this opens up an exclusive possibility of self-reflection, perception of the world, and creation of meanings. Clifford Geertz draws attention to the fact how a human being himself explicates and comments his culture – a net of meanings and their relationships spun by himself, where, as if suspended in a web, a man lives, speaks, bleeds, wages wars, loves, jokes, and creates poems. The method of the interpretation of culture “thick description” by Geertz “is focused not on the recording of external parameters, but namely on that far more sophisticated net of relationships of meanings and perceptive structures upon the grasping whereof one could approximate to the “essence” – i.e. a system of meanings, world outlook, and culture of the other. This article analyses the creation of Marcelijus Martinaitis, a narrator, one of the most famous Lithuanian poets of the “outgoing generation”, descendant and successor of the declining ethnic community culture, increasingly distancing from the experience of a modern man in terms of cross-disciplinary literature anthropology. Also, a model of experimental anthropology, the so-called anthropological poetics that has not yet been discussed in Lithuanian, is presented. It treats poetry as an interpretation of ambivalent, complicated experience of an anthropologist. The article states that he is a peculiar cultural anthropologist, a witness, an intermediary of experience, whereas his poetry acts as Geertz’s “thick description”. Essayistic works of Martinaitis are read as an articulation of his ethnographic self-creation covering personality formation, testimony, and transfer of cultural meanings.

  10. Estereótipos e discriminação étnico-racial em e através dos livros ilustrados infanto-juvenis (Tradução

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Francis

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In the French law, the integration of the European Directive 2000-43, 29/6/2000, regarding equal treatment among people, irrespective of racial or ethnic origin, and the official recognition of the racial discrimination issue (EUROSTAT, 2007; FASSIN, 2010; MASCLET, 2012 led the public agencies to develop actions towards the fight against race prejudice and stereotypes, and to promote education for diversity (DIM, 2012.This study is situated in the field of educational research on discrimination in children’s education from an early age (DERMAN-SPARKS, 1989; VANDENBROECK, 2005. It examines children and young people’s illustrated books, as well as the discourse of the professionals related to these works. It comes after two studies (FRANCIS; THIERY, 2011; THIERY; FRANCIS, 2013 whose authors observed the small number of fiction books, published between 1980 and 2010, whose main character is a black child. The books in which black kids live peaceful, happy childhood experiences are rare. Black children most often appear in situations dealing with the difference, tolerance, identity, exclusion, and racism (THIERY; FRANCIS, 2015. The study proposes an analysis of some emblematic books and the comments about them, produced by the institutions of the book and reading, librarians, teaching counselors and teachers, particularly from nursery schools. In fiction books, black children characters are usually associated with themes, toponyms, and objects. The body representations are notably partially or completely mute. The space representations are simultaneously limited and bounded by literary, aesthetic and plastic reasons. The themes, comments and references found in some books regarding others show the effects of stereotyping, prejudice and highlight ethnic-racial discrimination. The results of the study invite us to question the illusion of in-differentiation of white children’s and black children’s representations in the contemporary production

  11. Stéréotypes et discriminations ethnoraciales dans et par les albums illustrés pour la jeunesse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Francis

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In the French law, the integration of the European Directive 2000-43, 29/6/2000, regarding equal treatment among people, irrespective of racial or ethnic origin, and the official recognition of the racial discrimination issue (EUROSTAT, 2007; FASSIN, 2010; MASCLET, 2012 led the public agencies to develop actions towards the fight against race prejudice and stereotypes, and to promote education for diversity (DIM, 2012.This study is situated in the field of educational research on discrimination in children’s education from an early age (DERMAN-SPARKS, 1989; VANDENBROECK, 2005. It examines children and young people’s illustrated books, as well as the discourse of the professionals related to these works. It comes after two studies (FRANCIS; THIERY, 2011; THIERY; FRANCIS, 2013 whose authors observed the small number of fiction books, published between 1980 and 2010, whose main character is a black child. The books in which black kids live peaceful, happy childhood experiences are rare. Black children most often appear in situations dealing with the difference, tolerance, identity, exclusion, and racism (THIERY; FRANCIS, 2015. The study proposes an analysis of some emblematic books and the comments about them, produced by the institutions of the book and reading, librarians, teaching counselors and teachers, particularly from nursery schools. In fiction books, black children characters are usually associated with themes, toponyms, and objects. The body representations are notably partially or completely mute. The space representations are simultaneously limited and bounded by literary, aesthetic and plastic reasons. The themes, comments and references found in some books regarding others show the effects of stereotyping, prejudice and highlight ethnic-racial discrimination. The results of the study invite us to question the illusion of in-differentiation of white children’s and black children’s representations in the contemporary production

  12. Doing Research in a Conflict Situation Encounters and Experiences

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    Suresh Dhakal

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Fieldwork, an anthropologist's vocation, is full of tensions and dilemmas. However, the experiences of any or all tensions, troubles and even failures are a 'source of ethnographic knowledge in themselves'. During the fieldwork for my PhD research, I encountered several such incidents, which have made my work more interesting and my experience richer. This article describes the situation of doing fieldwork in the conflict period, when the 'peace process' was not yet come to the conclusion.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/dsaj.v8i0.10723Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 8, 2014; 87-98

  13. Karoly Kerenyi: An Unwilling Emigrant into European Classical Scholarship (translated by Matej Petrič

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    Cornelia Isler-Kerényi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Karoly Kerenyi (1897–1973 had studied classical philology in Budapest and in Germany. He was professor in Pécs between 1934 and 1941, and in Szeged between 1941 and 1943. After his first official visit to Switzerland in 1943, he was prevented from returning first by the war and then by the Communist regime, which was established in Hungary in 1947. His research and publications on Greek mythology and other topics established his reputation in Europe, but this cultural anthropologist of the classical world nonetheless remained something of an outsider within the academic field of classical philology.

  14. Anthropometric measurements of the hand length and their correlation with the stature in Eastern Indian population

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    Anwesa Pal

    2014-12-01

    CONCLUSION: The result of this study can be used as baseline information for further population based study in the eastern part of India so that the anthropologist and forensic experts can estimate the height of adult individuals of either sex by use of either of the hand. Further nutritionists and the physicians can also use the results of this study as a reference while estimating the nutritional status of adult individuals specially the bedridden patients. [Natl J Med Res 2014; 4(4.000: 303-305

  15. Origins cosmos, earth, and mankind

    CERN Document Server

    Coppens, Yves; Simonnet, Dominique; de Rosney, Joel; Silk, Professor of Astronomy and Physics Joseph

    2011-01-01

    In this potent book, three eminent scientists—an astrophysicist, an organic chemist, and an anthropologist—ponder and discuss some of the basic questions that have obsessed humankind through the ages, and offer thoughtful, enlightening answers in terms the layperson can easily understand. Until now, most of these questions were addressed by religion and philosophy. But science has reached a point where it, too, can voice an opinion. Beginning with the Big Bang roughly fifteen billion years ago, the authors trace the evolution of the cosmos, from the first particles, the atoms, the molecules, t

  16. Women, work, and poverty women centered research for policy change

    CERN Document Server

    Hartmann, Heidi I

    2003-01-01

    Find out how welfare reform has affected women living at the poverty levelWomen, Work, and Poverty presents the latest information on women living at or below the poverty level and the changes that need to be made in public policy to allow them to rise above their economic hardships. Using a wide range of research methods, including in-depth interviews, focus groups, small-scale surveys, and analysis of personnel records, the book explores different aspects of women's poverty since the passage of the 1986 welfare reform bill. Anthropologists, economists, political scientists, socio

  17. Kingdom of God in Mark s feeding stories : How Chikore Rural peasants Read and Reflect on the text from their social context in Zimbabwe

    OpenAIRE

    Dube, Zorodzai

    2007-01-01

    Hungers, HIV, wars and anarchy are the main issues which are frequently reported by the media when events about Africa are told. Yet ironically, the continent has a fast growing record of the Christian gospel. How can a proper biblical hermeneutic respond to the evils affecting the continent? A lot of studies have been done by Christian anthropologist and sociologists to understand issues such as witchcraft, charms and ancestor but I feel that little has been done to come up with a Biblical h...

  18. Do All Hemochromatosis Patients Have the Same Origin? A Pilot Study of Mitochondrial DNA and Y-DNA

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    Caitlin J Symonette

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA and Y-DNA analysis have been widely used to predict ancestral origin. Genetic anthropologists predict that human civilizations may have originated in central Africa one to two million years previously. Primary iron overload is not a common diagnosis among indigenous people of northern Africa, but hereditary hemochromatosis is present in approximately one in 200 people in northern Europe. MtDNA analysis has the potential to determine whether contemporary hemochromatosis patients have an ancient ancestral linkage.

  19. Unfolding the social

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magelund Krarup, Troels; Blok, Anders

    2011-01-01

    An important philosopher and anthropologist of science, Bruno Latour has recently outlined an ambitious programme for a new sociological empiricism, in continuation of his actor-network-theory (ANT). Interrogating issues of description, explanation and theoretical interpretation in this ‘sociology...... the example of how morality works in social life, and coin the term quasi-actant, in allusion to the Latourian actant, to better understand such processes. Our overall criticism of ANT is immanent, aiming at the re-introduction of what we dub ‘virtual theory’ into Latourian empiricism, thus further...

  20. Exile and return in the Chanson de Mainet

    OpenAIRE

    Keller, Hans-Erich

    2014-01-01

    The present study will attempt to demonstrate the importance of the folkloristic approach to the chansons de geste based on the arche-typal theme of the hero’s displacement by illegal forces and his triumphant return after a period of learning and maturation. The methodology of my article is deliberately based on the late Joseph Campbell’s The Hero with a Thousand Faces, which will frequently be cited here precisely because of the fact that this anthropologist has recently been the subject of...

  1. Reflections on “Crossing Borders in Birthing Practices”: Hmong in Northern Thailand and Saint Paul, Minnesota

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    Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As a family physician and medical anthropologist, I have interacted with pregnant women and their families in Minnesota since 1983 and in one Hmong village in Northern Thailand since 1988. In the previous article I describe our recent research about Hmong families’ pregnancy and birth practices in Thailand. In this article, I reflect upon the differences in Minnesota and Thailand, consider what socio-cultural factors may be influencing people’s experiences, and speculate that Minnesota Hmong experiences could be helpful to Thai Hmong.

  2. Cushing at Zuni: The Correspondence and Journals of Frank Hamilton Cushing, 1879-1884, edited by Jesse Green, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan E. Reyman

    1992-11-01

    Full Text Available Turn-of-the-century anthropologists were a colorful and controversial lot, some of whose exploits and antics have achieved near mythical status in the history of the discipline. Although they published enormous amounts of material, much of what is now regarded as classic work and essential reading, they also behaved in ways that make today's scholars shudder with anger or disgust and shake their heads in bewilderment. And if the best of these early field workers were geniuses, they were often flawed geniuses who behavior, at times, made it difficult, and sometimes nearly impossible, for later researchers to follow them in the field.

  3. Immigration and Mental Health: the Suffering of Migrants and the Encounter of Symbolic Meanings

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    Elsa Lechner

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Drawing from my experience as an anthropologist working at the “Consulta do Migrante” at Hospital Miguel Bombarda in Lisbon, this text proposes a short reflection on the necessary dialogue between different fields of knowledge and different forms of relation to the Other, in a clinical setting. Problematizing the encounter with difference in an institutionalized service such as a hospital, the aim is to show the richness of the complex reality implicit in such an encounter between migrants and established health services.

  4. Cane River: the archaeology of “free people of colour” in colonial Louisiana

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    Kevin MacDonald

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available The overseas dispersal and subsequent history of people of African descent – the African diaspora – has attracted much interest in recent decades from anthropologists, archaeologists and historians, particularly in the USA. But such studies have seldom been undertaken by archaeologists with experience of West Africa and its material culture. In a new project on the African heritage in colonial Louisiana, members of the Institute are collaborating with American colleagues to combine expertise on cultural contacts in the Americas between Native Americans, Africans and European colonists.

  5. Forced Migration and Muslim Rituals: An Area of Cultural Psychology?

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    Nora Ahlberg

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available The psychological foundation of rites de passage have long been debated within the history of religion and related areas. The significance of such rites in facilitating emotional readjustment to a new life situation have been particularly stressed. Emotional reactions on the individual level largely remain outside the competence of anthropologists, despite their awareness of the general influence of culture on this as on other areas of human endeavour. Focusing on traumatized female refugees from Iran, a critical question is whether the changing living conditions which have provoked traumatic experiences in the lives of these refugees have been in any way related to Muslim ritual requirements or rites de passage.

  6. On Janie’s Self-actualization in Light of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丹; 徐畔

    2013-01-01

      Zora Neale Hurston is an African-American novelist, anthropologist. Her famous novel Their Eyes Were Watching God to some extent reflects the pursuit of self-actualization of the female protagonist Janie. The psychological term Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is implemented in this study to help to analyze the process of Janie’s self-actualization, which illustrates how Janie realized self-fulfillment and appreciated the intrinsic worth of her surroundings and to experience the world deeply through marriages to three different men.

  7. The utopian Darcy Ribeiro archive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heymann, Luciana Quillet

    2012-03-01

    The project in memory of anthropologist, writer and politician Darcy Ribeiro is analyzed, with emphasis on the relationship he had with his personal archives and the creation of the Darcy Ribeiro Foundation, established to give continuity to his 'legacy.' It highlights the influences present in the formation of his archive and presents an ethnography that seeks to restore the historicity of the archive. It reveals the significance attributed to it by the creator himself, and after his death, by those responsible for his memory. From this study, an attempt is made to evaluate the analytical return from socio-historical approaches to the archives.

  8. "Violent Intent Modeling: Incorporating Cultural Knowledge into the Analytical Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Nibbs, Faith G.

    2007-08-24

    While culture has a significant effect on the appropriate interpretation of textual data, the incorporation of cultural considerations into data transformations has not been systematic. Recognizing that the successful prevention of terrorist activities could hinge on the knowledge of the subcultures, Anthropologist and DHS intern Faith Nibbs has been addressing the need to incorporate cultural knowledge into the analytical process. In this Brown Bag she will present how cultural ideology is being used to understand how the rhetoric of group leaders influences the likelihood of their constituents to engage in violent or radicalized behavior, and how violent intent modeling can benefit from understanding that process.

  9. Study of supracondylar process of humerus

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    Ravi Vandana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The supra condylar process is occasional beak like projection from anteromedial surface of distal 1/3 rd of humerus. It appears to be phylogenetic remnant of complete osseous bridge found in reptiles, marsupials, cats, lemurs and new world monkeys. Among 133 dried humeri studied only one right humerus showed SCP (incidence 0.75% whose dimensions were recorded and photographed. SCP is usually clinically silent but can be the cause for median or ulnar nerve and brachial artery compression syndrome especially when associated with Struthers ligament. Therefore the knowledge of presence of SCP is important for clinicians and radiologists along with anatomists and anthropologists.

  10. E. B. Baldwin and the American–Norwegian discovery and exploration of Graham Bell Island, 1899

    OpenAIRE

    Capelotti, P. J.

    2006-01-01

    This next paper in Polar Research’s series of not-formallyreviewed biographical/historical articles comes to us from anthropologist Pete Capelotti, who specializes in the history of exploration. In 1993, he conducted archaeological research on the base camps of the Andrée and Wellman polar balloon expeditions at Virgohamna, Danskøya, Svalbard. In this account of Walter Wellman’s attempt to reach the North Pole from Franz Josef Land in 1898–99, he examines the lone success in that effort, when...

  11. Why all anthropology should be called techno-anthropology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkbak, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    as an invitation to think in ambitious terms about what techno- anthropology might be(come). The main contribution of the chapter is to introduce Bruno Latour and John Dewey as techno-anthropologists. While these two thinkers are known for many other engagements, and wrote in different times, they share...... turn to Dewey’s understanding of technology as inquiry, a concept that deliberately ignores the physical/psychological dichotomy. The chapter concludes with a couple of empirical examples of how the pragmatist perspective might guide techno-anthropological analysis....

  12. Richard Michael Suzman (1942-2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahneman, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Presents an obituary for Richard Michael Suzman, who died on April 16, 2015. Suzman was trained as a sociologist and anthropologist, but he was attracted to the approaches of demography and economics. He came to know a great deal about diverse fields of science, including health, physiology, psychology, genetics, and economics. He was a scientific leader who was on a quest to develop new transdisciplinary fields and to mobilize the best scientists to work in them. Suzman's passion for transdisciplinary science was fully expressed in his greatest achievement: the famous Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), which he initiated in 1988 and continued to guide and inspire. (PsycINFO Database Record

  13. Toward a critical anthropology on the impact of global warming on health and human societies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baer, Hans A

    2008-01-01

    This op-ed essay urges medical anthropologists to join a growing number of public health scholars to examine the impact of global warming on health. Adopting a critical medical anthropology perspective, I argue that global warming is yet another manifestation of the contradictions of the capitalist world system. Ultimately, an serious effort to mitigate the impact of global warming not only on health but also settlement patterns and subsistence will require the creation of a new global political economy based upon social parity, democratic processes, and environmental sustainability.

  14. We and They in Romans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce J. Malina

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available According to cultural anthropologists ingroup/outgroup divisions are fundamental to Mediterranean views of the world. This essay considers Paul’s  in-group/outgroup, or  “we/they” perceptions. The ethnocentrism revealed in this dichotomy indicates that Paul, like other Mediterraneans of his time, showed little interest in the outgroup. Not surprisingly, neither was the God of Israel. Non-Israelites simply did not fit into the divine plan of things until non-Israelites, some centuries  later, began to identify with Paul’s “we” – something Paul did not foresee.

  15. ORNL`s war on crime, technically speaking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiques, P.

    1996-12-31

    This paper describes research being carried out by the Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE), at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This program works on projects which are solvable, affordable, and outside the scope of the private sector. Examples are presented of work related to: the lifetime of childrens fingerprints compared to adults; the development of ways of providing cooler body armor; digital enhancement technology applied to security-camera images from crime scenes; victim identification by skeletal reconstruction for use by forensic anthropologists.

  16. Art as an Evolutionary Adaptation: Inspiration from the Visible Supernovae of AD 1054 and AD 3054

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbally, C. J.; Rappaport, M. B.

    2016-01-01

    The authors, an astronomer/priest and an anthropologist/biologist, describe their use of the dramatic arts at the INSAP VIII meeting in their performance of two short skits on the sighting of a supernova in AD 1054 (creating the beautiful Crab Nebula) and a future “Rho Cas” stellar explosion in the constellation Cassiopeia, in AD 3054. They speculate on the emergence of science, religion, and art as bona fide adaptations, responding to natural selection, which served early hominins well in their struggle for existence. They draw parallels to the continued functions of science, religion, and art in modern society.

  17. An Analysis of the Humor between Chinese and Western from the Perspective of Intercultural Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Jiatong

    2015-01-01

    The concept of Intercultural communication was originally developed by the American cultural anthropologist Edward T Hall,he believes communicative competence includes not only a form of language understanding and mastering the language,but also on when and where to What is the proper way for anyone to use language to communicate.This article will list some of the differences in the Western sense of humor in everyday life and explore the root causes of these differences to find ways to resolve these differences in Intercultural communication.

  18. A new form of collaboration in cultural anthropology: Matsutake worlds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    T. K, Choy,; Tsing, Anna

    2009-01-01

    Experiments in collaboration open new investigative possibilities for cultural anthropologists. In this report, we use our research on matsutake mushrooms to show the promise of collaborative experiments for ethnographers of scale making, global connection, and human–nonhuman relations. Anna Tsing...... introduces. Mogu Mogu (Timothy Choy and Shiho Satsuka) argue that the mushroomic figure of mycorrhizal life illuminates workings of capital and power, nature and culture. Lieba Faier examines contingency—through the effect of weather and bugs on matsutake production—as a form of self-positioning that emerges...

  19. Tropes And Tools Of Creativity: The Ontology Of Image And Its Unpredictable Operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isar, Nicoletta

    2016-01-01

    as an essential rather than episodic constituent of our art historical consciousness,” and with the help of other anthropologists (Lévi-Strauss) and theorists of the image (Belting), I hope to understand why the “archaic” never died in ourselves. Focus will be on the artistic expressions of Brancusi’s work...... and some of his Avant-garde contemporary, trying to define the mechanism of the creative process as a mythopoetic activity, a mode of “communication” between the model, the materials, and the user, a collective or authorless event, indeed, a revelation: a play of unpredictable operations....

  20. A century of Levi-Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bošković Aleksandar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a critical overview of the life and career of Claude Lévi Strauss, who turned 100 on 28 November 2008. He has been labelled as one of the most influential anthropologists of the last century, and this paper presents a brief outline of the methodology associated with structural anthropology. The author emphasizes important shift from the total social fact to the actual understanding of the fundamentals of human society, as well as mentioning some of his key works.

  1. A sociologist's apprentice of social anthropology perplexities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telmo Humberto Lapa Caria

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is the systematization of Communication presented in thematic panel on "Ethnography" at the Third Congress of Portuguese Anthropology, which took place in Lisbon, ISCTE / ICS, in April 2006. Bring therefore a few critical contributions to the reflection of Sociology in Anthropology in Portugal, only wanting to limit myself to a vision that results of my journey of learning between these two disciplines and at the same time, demand respect certain principles of the method anthropological So that my short words here, a contribution may be interesting for reflection between anthropologists.

  2. THE PHILOSOPHY OF “DALIT”?...(A new theory on “JATIS”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Arulmani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available It is focused that in human social system “Dalits” are considered as an “out-caste” and treated them as “Untouchables” and being ill-treated almost in every day of Life. If so, where did Dalits come from?... Since Ancient time global level Scientists, Scholars, Anthropologists could not exactly answer who are Dalits?... Further world wide Untouchability, Casteism discrimination being practiced besides “BLACK” and “WHITE”, ethnics. Further hundreds of castes, sub castes exist within main “Ethnic frame” of religions like Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, considering Dalits as distinguished out-caste.

  3. مناهج وتقنيات البحث الأنثروبولوجي في موضوع أسماء الأعلام L'anthroponymie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    مختار رحاب

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article outlines the techniques and methods used by anthropologists in their studyconcerning proper names, highlighting the most important developments taking place in this area. Proper nouns are culture-bound and vary from one society to another, and the names of people as part of the culture of the society are subject to adjustment and change in the framework of the process of social and cultural change experienced by the native culture. Other environmental, economic, social and class differences factors also contribute in determining the quality of the names within the society

  4. Anthropology, social change and the reconstruction of South African society1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Jansen van Rensburg

    1994-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article it is argued that, since the abuse of anthropology in the colonial and apartheid eras, the responsive relationship between anthropology and society has been re-emphasised. In the reconstruction of South African society, therefore, anthropologists will not be allowed the luxury of evading their social responsibility. In their re-invention of anthropology as a humane science, and the reiteration of their commitment to accountability and relevance, these scientists ought to build their discipline upon the investigation of the major consequences of differential power and inequality. This could be helpful in creating new forms of co-existence in South Africa

  5. The Corporality and the Performative Power of the Actor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Pérez Cubas

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses different concepts linked to the notion of body in contemporary western societies from the point of view of French Sociologist-Anthropologist David Le Breton. His concept of body will be related in this essay with perceptions of body and subjectivity by Dance and Performance Studies theorist André Lepecki in his discussion on movement and politics. The present study aims at deepening the reflection of performers and theorists on the actor´s expressive movement training.

  6. Ana Maria Lorandi and the Ethnohistory's train

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Ramos

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In 2016 it was celebrated eighty years of the Dra. Ana María Lorandi, who dedicated over fifty years to academic research. This finds as active as ever, working on new projects and following the new generations of anthropologists interested in Ethnohistory. In writing this article, we think of honoring it by examining its contribution through three forms of action that she developed prominently: management, research and insertion into transnational networks. Throughout the text we proposed to recover his voice, trying to incorporate his vision of the history of scientific development in which played a key role.

  7. Can the possibility of some linkage of monsoonal precipitation with solar variability be ignored? Indications from foraminiferal proxy records

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Khare, N.; Nigam, R.

    . Harrison, G. A.), Pergamon Press, O x ford, 1966. 3. Holt, S. B., Palmas ridge counts. The Anthropologist (special vo l- ume), 1968, pp. 117 ? 120. 4. Mate, M., T he ridge counts of the interdigital a ? b, b ? c and c ? d a r eas in a normal... of the rainfall. Therefore, in order to generate high resolution record of palaeomonsoons during the last millennium, we have exa m ined variati ons in angular - asymmetrical forms of benthic foraminifera and planktonic foraminiferal popul a- tion in a...

  8. Perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duedahl, Poul

    2005-01-01

    Deviance is a classic subject of study for sociologists, anthropologists and social education workers, but not yet for Danish historians, who have been concerned predominantly with political history or other aspects of social history. This article arises from a conference, the purpose of which...... was to make Danish historians aware of deviance as an analytical concept that connects what would initially seem to be very diverse topics, such as disability, race, ethnicity and class. The conference highlighted a wide range of interesting examples of "deviant" groups that once arose, existed for a period...

  9. Appreciating ontological struggles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danholt, Peter

    the world in the singular is taken for granted, but where each and every one of us may have different perspectives and understandings of the world. Latour following the work of Brazilian anthropologist Eduardo Viveiros de Castro suggests the concept of multinaturalism. Multinaturalism in contrast...... it in relation, not to Amerindian ontology vs. Euroamerican ontology as Viveiros de Castro does, but in relation to the clinical practice of diabetes treatment. I will argue that by conceiving of the encounter in the clinic between a person with diabetes and a diabetes nurse, not as a matter of treating...

  10. The Creation and Destruction of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    ‘A welcome contribution to scholarly economic and public policy debates, The Creation and Destruction of Social Capital is written for advanced students yet offers insights critical to better understanding micro and macro economics alike.' - Willis M. Buhle, The Midwest Book Review ‘The Svendsens...... are urging all social scientists to think more as social scientists rather than just as anthropologists, economists, historians, political scientists, or sociologists. Their effort to broaden the way social scientists think about social organization is an important step, especially for those of us interested...

  11. Ways of knowing: Howard Stein's border-crossing use of poetry to interrogate clinical medicine, medical education, and health care organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Johanna

    2016-09-01

    This article explores how medical anthropologist Howard Stein's poetry and his unique practice of sharing this poetry with the patients, physicians, and administrators who inspired it create ways of knowing that are at once revelatory and emancipatory. Stein's writing shows readers that poetry can be considered as a form of data and as a method of investigation into the processes of the human soul. Furthermore, it represents a kind of intervention that invites health professional readers toward connection, bridge building, and solidarity with their patients and with one another. (PsycINFO Database Record

  12. Tracking down human contamination in ancient human teeth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sampietro, María Lourdes; Gilbert, M Thomas P; Lao, Oscar

    2006-01-01

    , washing, and subsequent anthropological and genetic study of 23 Neolithic remains excavated from Granollers (Barcelona, Spain) and searched for their presence among the 572 clones generated during the aDNA analyses of teeth from these samples. Of the cloned sequences, 17.13% could be unambiguously...... identified as contaminants, with those derived from the people involved in the retrieval and washing of the remains present in higher frequencies than those of the anthropologist and genetic researchers. This finding confirms, for the first time, previous hypotheses that teeth samples are most susceptible...

  13. Above and beyond superstition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlberg, Ayo

    2008-01-01

    revitalizing of the body's own vis medicatrix naturae, from the early 20th century onwards medical anthropologists (especially those who became interested in the `savage mind') have built up an equally rigorous theory of symbolic efficacy in terms of narratives, symbols and a kind of cognitive homeostasis....... It was precisely as a mediating link between the somatic and the symbolic that I suggest a decriminalized placebo effect (as opposed to suggestion) could emerge in the middle of the 20th century. Taking the example of St John's Wort, I go on to show how notions of symbolic efficacy, spillover placebo efficacy...

  14. African Oral Traditions: Riddles Among The Haya of Northwestern Tanzania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishengoma, Johnson M.

    2005-05-01

    This study argues for the integration of African oral traditions and other elements of traditional learning into the modern school curriculum. It thus contributes to supporting the increased relevance of education to local communities. In particular, using the example of riddles collected from one of the main ethnic groups in Northwestern Tanzania, the Haya people, the present study challenges the views of those social and cultural anthropologists who hold that African riddles have no substantially meaningful educational value. Instead, it is maintained that riddles make an important contribution to children's full participation in the social, cultural, political, and economic life of African communities, especially by fostering critical thinking and transmitting indigenous knowledge.

  15. L’antropologo e i progetti interdisciplinari : che tipo di collaborazione?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgeta Stoica

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I discuss the role of the anthropologist within an interdisciplinary project Best Combat (Beluga Sturgeon Community Based Tourism whose scope was to bring together experts from different countries with the aim of studying the impact of the sturgeon fishing ban on the communities of the Danube Delta (Romania. My reflections are related to the considerations that emerged during my collaboration with the Best Combat researchers and after the end of the project in an attempt to continue the interdisciplinary collaboration in search for European funding to start a new project.

  16. Bricolage : a comparative reading of Brian Jungen's Prototype for a new understanding and Romuald Hazoumé's La Bouche du roi

    OpenAIRE

    Tveitan, Marthe

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation project has been to find out whether the bricolage concept of social anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss can possibly offer interesting perspectives on how cultural identity is negotiated through the visual arts. Two contemporary artists and their work have been central to this experiment; Brian Jungen (Canada) and Romuald Hazoumé (Benin). My argument is that Jungen’s sculpture and assemblage series, Prototypes for a New Understanding (1998-2005), and Hazoumé’s...

  17. Functionalists and zombis: Sorcery as spandrel and social rescue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Littlewood, Roland

    2009-12-01

    At one level, anthropologists remain functionalists in that they generally see acts and institutions as contributing to a greater social whole only through which they make sense. Thus, sorcery accusations have been traditionally interpreted in terms of maintaining social harmony and cohesion. In the case of Haitian zombification, the zombi seems a locally misidentified victim who is frequently mentally ill. As a hapless non-agent, the zombi cannot initiate the sorcery accusations, so how do we understand the recognition and rescue of the zombi, either in terms of social function or social action?

  18. Clío y la antropología. Pensando con la historia en el presente de Ávila y de Évora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cátedra, María

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available After a long period dominated by functionalism and structuralism, since the 1980's anthropology has benefited from its closeness to history, comparable with the increasing interest by historians in anthropology. The author has lived through this transformation, which has taken place at the time of her own development as an anthropologist and can be perceived in her publications. Her research on the symbolic construction of historyladen cities such as Avila and Evora facilitated this development. However, it is not a matter of easily complementing one discipline and approach with the other, as though each would have found at last its better half. Although anthropologists must study history, the classical approach of history —the analysis of documents from the past— will not be enough for them. Anthropologists must study history as source and organization of meanings in the present. Should he look closely, the anthropologist of the present will realize that his informants are not only heirs to history, but think with it too.

    Tras un largo periodo dominado por el funcionalismo y el estructuralismo, desde los años ochenta la antropología viene beneficiándose de un acercamiento a la historia, comparable al interés cada vez mayor de los historiadores por la antropología. La autora ha vivido de cerca esta transformación, que ha tenido lugar al tiempo de su desenvolvimiento profesional y que ha quedado registrada en sus publicaciones. El estudio de la construcción simbólica de ciudades cargadas de historia, como Ávila y Évora, le facilitó el cambio. Pero no se trata de una mezcla fácil de las dos disciplinas y enfoques, como si cada uno hubiera encontrado al final la media naranja que le faltaba. Aunque el antropólogo debe estudiar la historia, la lectura histórica clásica —el análisis de documentos del pasado— no le será suficiente. Debe estudiar la historia como fuente y organización de significados en el presente. Si

  19. 第四单元:中国少数民族题材纪录片(1949-2012)(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FANG; Fang

    2013-01-01

    China’s ethnological records date back to some of the earliest in history.Ever since Sima Qian’s THE BIOGRAPHY OF SOUTHWEST BARBARIANS was written about ethnic minorities in Southwestern China,the tradition has carried on for thousands of years.One of the first countries to record and study its ethnic culture,China has left a legacy of documentaries for generations to follow.Anthropological Documentaries This category first appeared in the 1930s.LING Chunsheng(1902—1987),after obtaining a doctorate in anthropology from the University of Paris,was among the first generation of anthropologists to turn to films

  20. Medical anthropology and Ebola in Congo: cultural models and humanistic care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hewlett, B S; Epelboin, A; Hewlett, B L; Formenty, P

    2005-09-01

    Seldom have medical anthropologists been involved in efforts to control high mortality diseases such as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) This paper describes the results of two distinct but complementary interventions during the first phases of an outbreak in the Republic of Congo in 2003. The first approach emphasized understanding local peoples cultural models and political-economic explanations for the disease while the second approach focused on providing more humanitarian care of patients by identifying and incorporating local beliefs and practices into patient care and response efforts.

  1. The distribution of cultural and biological diversity in Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moore, Joslin L; Manne, Lisa; Brooks, Thomas;

    2002-01-01

    Anthropologists, biologists and linguists have all noted an apparent coincidence in species diversity and human cultural or linguistic diversity. We present, to our knowledge, one of the first quantitative descriptions of this coincidence and show that, for 2 degrees x 2 degrees grid cells across...... sub-Saharan Africa, cultural diversity and vertebrate species diversity exhibit marked similarities in their overall distribution. In addition, we show that 71% of the observed variation in species richness and 36% in language richness can be explained on the basis of environmental factors, suggesting...

  2. Tribe and Village in African Organizations and Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragh, Simon Ulrik

    The paper argues that African organization sand business relations reflect pre-industrial social norms found by anthropologists in kinship based, rural communities. African society is a hybrid mixture of an emerging industrial economy and a set of norms and behaviours which have been carried over...... from tribal and peasant communities. In modern, urban organizations the presence of pre-industrial norms is seen in the continued importance of in-group/out-group differention, gift exchange and kinship obligations. The paper suggests an explanation of the continued permanence of pre...

  3. Diarios de campo extranjeros y diarios de campo nacionales. Indiferencias de José Pérez de Barradas y de Gregorio Hernández de Alba en Tierradrento y San Agustín.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Henrik Langebaek Rueda

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article compares the feld experience of two archaeologists and anthropologists who worked in colombia in the thirties of the twentieth century. The practices of professional exercise are discussed from the feld logs of spanish national José Pérez de barradas and colombian gregorio hernández de alba. this comparison serves to put the work of the foreigner and the colombian into perspective in relation with the construction of professional discipline, the image of nature and the indigenous, as well as the tension between the “nationalist” proposal and criticism of it by foreigners.

  4. La Historia, los Antropólogos y la Amazonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Pineda Camacho

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Colombia’s anthropology of the Amazon, like the other Latin American anthropologists of the rain forest, was concerned whit developing a historical vision of the place, complementing in this way other metropolitan perspectives on basin that were centered, whit few exceptions, around a synchronic perspective. Understanding such situation demanded from them not only the explorations of oral traditions, but also conceiving the anthropology of the Amazon as a historical anthropology of the Andes, from India and in the context of the certain metropolitan anthropologies.

  5. Anthropology, ethical dissonance, and the construction of the object.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fainzang, Sylvie

    2015-01-01

    In this article, I discuss certain questions relating to the ethical difficulties faced by anthropologists when dealing with two different social groups and when one group holds a position of dominance over the other. In the first example, I draw on my work on doctor-patient relationships in France; in the second, on a study on reproduction in immigrant African families from Mali and Senegal, living in polygynous households in France. I use these examples to explore questions of positionality, beneficence, and potential harm. I show the choices I made in order to construct an epistemologically ethical object.

  6. Gods, Germs, and Petri Dishes: Toward a Nonsecular Medical Anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Elizabeth F S

    2016-01-01

    This commentary calls on medical anthropology to become programmatically non-secular. Despite recent anthropological critiques of secularity, within and outside of anthropology, most contemporary medical anthropologists continue to leave deities and religiosity out of their examinations of healing practices, especially in their accounts of biomedicine. Through a critical, relational constructionist lens, which traces how all entities are both constructed and real, a non-secular medical anthropology would insist that when deities are part of medical practice, they are integral to analysis. Importantly then, within the symmetrical nature of this same constructionist lens, biomedical entities like germs and petri dishes need to be accounted for just as much as deities.

  7. Asking the Right Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richter, Line

    Based on fieldwork in Mali this paper discusses the role of anthropology (and the anthropologist) in a large public health research project on children's health. In the uncertainty and disquiet that comes with the battle to combat and avoid diseases in a setting where poverty and abysmal diseases...... are part of everyday life, children are often the most vulnerable. The project was carried out to shed light on mainly two types of diseases - malaria and diarrheal diseases - that strike children. In practice the academic backgrounds of the researchers played a role in the methodological approach...

  8. An Interdisciplinary Approach to Complexity: Migratory Decisions of Iranians in Vienna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Czarnowski

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Iranians have come to Austria for a multitude of stated reasons. Within this paper the two authors follow their Iranian migrant interviewees' reasoning with two very different styles of analysis, each steaming from a particular scientific background. While Sociologist FLIEGENSCHNEE emphasizes schematic groupings with reference to push and pull factors, for Cultural Anthropologist CZARNOWSKI the interwovenness/interaction of these factors is more important. Together both develop a specific methodology of how to approach interview analysis with regard to migratory decision-making. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs090396

  9. The clash of medical civilizations: experiencing "primary care" in a neoliberal culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenna, Brian

    2012-12-01

    An anthropologist describes how he found himself at the vortex of a "clash of medical civilizations:" neoliberalism and the international primary health care movement. His involvement in a $6 million social change initiative in medical education became a basis to unlock the hidden tensions, contradictions and movements within the "primary care" phenomenon. The essay is structured on five ethnographic stories, situated on a continuum from "natural" species-level primary care to "unnatural" neoliberal primary care. Food is an element of all tales. Taking the long view of history/prehistory permits us to better recognize ideological distortions in order to more capably transform medicine.

  10. Friction or Closure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundahl, Mikela

    2014-01-01

    . The anthropologist Anna Tsing has developed the concept-metaphor friction as a way to discuss the energy created when various actors narrate “the same” event(s) in different ways, and see the other participants’ accounts as fantasies or even fabrications. I will use my position as researcher and my relations...... is Stone Town in Zanzibar and the de-velopment and dissolution going on under the shadow of the UNESCO World Heritage flag; a growing tourism; a global and local increase in islamisation; and the political tension within the Tanzanian union. My main focus is narratives of the identity of Zanzibar since...

  11. The translator’s disquietness: notes on a logic of parts in la chute du ciel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelyn Schuler Zea

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available From the composition process of La chute du ciel, the book by Davi Kopenawa and Bruce Albert, I seek to circumscribe in the tasks of the translator and of the anthropologist the reach of a formula which, by adopting diverse figures, repeatedly converts the relation into a form of unity. Alternatively, taking into account other passages of the same text where the terms resist to its dissolution into a relation, I indicate through moments of disquietness and clamor towards an eventual logic of parts as a different mode of articulation. Last but not least, I present some notes regarding the potential political effect of this distinction.

  12. El sistema del oro: exploraciones sobre el destino (emergente de los objetos de oro precolombinos en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Les Field

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Guaquería, the practice of non-archaeological excavation of antiquity in the Andean region, has undergone substantive historical transformation in Colombia over hundreds of years. This article understands this practice as part of a dynamic system of relationships between archaeologists, museums, private collectors and the guaqueros. Occasioned by the mass-guaquería of the early 1990s when the "Malagana Treasure" was unearthed, I periodize these relationships with reference to Colombian anthropologists' scholarship and the significance of the Museo del Oro in Bogotá.

  13. The End of Life, The Ends of Life: An Anthropological View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varisco, Daniel Martin

    2012-01-01

    All known human societies have a worldview that deserves to be called religion; all religions must explain death. Anthropologists study the diversity of religious systems, present and past, in order to understand what is common to humanity. Rather than starting from the view of a particular revelation or set of doctrines, the anthropologist tries to step outside his or her own subjective worldview and identify patterns in the evolution of human thinking about the reality of physical death. Are humans the only animals that are conscious of death, or do we share sentiments observable in our closest living relatives, the chimpanzees? At what point in history did the concept of an afterlife, life in some spiritual sense after physical death, appear? Is the religious explanation of life and death a mere reflection of a communal social fact, as the sociologist Emil Durkheim suggested, or a shared psychological trait, as more recent scholars assert? Can and should the modern scientist make a definitive statement about the finality of death and human consciousness? PMID:23610511

  14. La responsabilidad profesional en el ejercicio de la profesión antropológica: El caso de la comunidad antropológica norteamericana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Gazzotti

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pretende ser una contribución para aquellos interesados en problematizar acerca de las responsabilidades que tiene el antropólogo en el ejercicio de su profesión. A través del análisis de la producción teórico-normativa de la comunidad antropológica norteamericana se analiza el contexto de surgimiento, las transformaciones y los nuevos debates que surgen cuando se intenta debatir acerca de las responsabilidades que tiene el antropólogo cuando realiza investigación. La conflictividad de los sucesos que generaron la formulación de normativas específicas convierte al caso de la antropología norteamericana en uno ejemplificador de los posibles riesgos que pueden producirse en comunidades donde no existe ninguna reglamentación formal del ejercicio de la profesión.This article, intent to be a contribution for anthropologist who want to incorporate the concept of professional responsibilities into their dailies practices. Since American's anthropological theoretical and normative productions we'll analyse the development, transformation and the new debates that arise when we want to answer the question: which are the responsibilities that anthropologist have when make development.

  15. The end of life, the ends of life: an anthropological view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varisco, Daniel Martin

    2011-12-01

    All known human societies have a worldview that deserves to be called religion; all religions must explain death. Anthropologists study the diversity of religious systems, present and past, in order to understand what is common to humanity. Rather than starting from the view of a particular revelation or set of doctrines, the anthropologist tries to step outside his or her own subjective worldview and identify patterns in the evolution of human thinking about the reality of physical death. Are humans the only animals that are conscious of death, or do we share sentiments observable in our closest living relatives, the chimpanzees? At what point in history did the concept of an afterlife, life in some spiritual sense after physical death, appear? Is the religious explanation of life and death a mere reflection of a communal social fact, as the sociologist Emil Durkheim suggested, or a shared psychological trait, as more recent scholars assert? Can and should the modern scientist make a definitive statement about the finality of death and human consciousness?

  16. Heart of Darkness and the epistemology of cultural differences

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    P. B. Armstrong

    1994-05-01

    Full Text Available Heart of Darkness has a long history of disagreement about whether to regard it as a daring attack on imperialism or a reactionary purveyor of colonial stereotypes. Taking Achebe’s now famous indictment and Clifford's recent praise that Conrad was an exemplary anthropologist, this article argues that Conrad is neither a racist nor an exemplary anthropologist hut a skeptical dramatist of epistemological processes. The novella has received these divergent responses because its enactment of the dilemmas entailed in understanding cultural otherness is inherently double and strategically ambiguous. The article argues that the novella is a calculated failure to depict achieved cross-cultural understanding presented to the reader through textual strategies which oscillate between affirming and denying the possibility of understanding otherness. The article acknowledges that charges such as that made by Achebe are extremely valuable because they break the aura of the text and establish reciprocity between it and its interpreters by putting them on equal terms, and concludes that a recognition of how unsettingly ambiguous the text is about the ideals of reciprocity and mutual understanding will empower us to engage in a sort of dialogue with it which Marlow never achieves with Africans or anyone else.

  17. Il Codice Argimusco: ierotopie e ierofanie fra cristianesimo ed eresia medievale

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    MILAZZO, Gabriella

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The anthropologist Mircea Eliade introduces the concept of sacred space by providing a clear description of this phenomenon. He explains that every sacred space implies a hierophany; a manifestation of the sacred itself. Hierotopy, on the other hand, according to Lidov, is the creation of the sacred space in order to make an everyday place symbolically different. It represents a form of creativity typical of every culture, and it is a manifestation which is still present in peoples lives and daily activities. Argimusco, a megalithic site in Sicily, seems to perfectly lend itself to this type of study, and although lots of studies in the field of archaeoastronomy have been carried out on this site, only few regarding anthropology have been done. The survey carried out has to take many historical and theological parameters into account, and it becomes difficult for an anthropologist not to form hasty opinions, as he tries to come to an understanding of the meaning that medieval men had given to those stones, still vivid in their collective imagination. The essay begins with the analysis of the ancient cult of the stone, and moves to the various sacred and heretical beliefs of Medieval Christianity. It continues with the study of “alchemical initiation”, and finally touches on the debate concerning the beliefs of gnosticism.

  18. [ETHICAL PRINCIPALS AND A POSTERIORI JUSTIFICATIONS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heintz, Monica

    2015-12-01

    It is difficult to conceive that the human being, while being the same everywhere, could be cared for in such different ways in other societies. Anthropologists acknowledge that the diversity of cultures implies a diversity of moral values, thus that in a multicultural society the individual could draw upon different moral frames to justify the peculiarities of her/his demand of care. But how could we determine what is the moral frame that catalyzes behaviour while all we can record are a posteriori justifications of actions? In most multicultural societies where several moralframes coexist, there is an implicit hierarchy between ethical systems derived from a hierarchy of power which falsifies these a posteriori justifications. Moreover anthropologists often fail to acknowledge that individual behaviour does not always reflect individual values, but is more often the result of negotiations between the moralframes available in society and her/his own desires and personal experience. This is certainly due to the difficulty to account for a dynamic and complex interplay of moral values that cannot be analysed as a system. The impact of individual experience on the way individuals give or receive care could also be only weakly linked to a moral system even when this reference comes up explicitly in the a posteriori justifications.

  19. Suicide by blasting caps: a case study of rare cranial trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allaire, Maria T; Manhein, Mary H

    2008-11-01

    Suicide is a deliberate act of ending one's life. Suicide by use of any explosive device, when not involved in a terrorist act, is quite rare in occurrence when compared with other methods routinely utilized. In this paper, we present to the medicolegal community a case of an adult male who committed suicide with blasting caps and the subsequent extensive damage to the cranial hard tissue. Although the cause and manner of death were relatively straightforward, consultation with forensic anthropologists was requested for an anthropological trauma assessment of the highly fragmented skull. After the skull was cleaned and reconstructed, the analysis revealed similarities between blasting cap trauma to the head and high velocity gunshot trauma to the head. Therefore, in a case where some evidence may have been removed or destroyed, forensic analysis involving trauma of this magnitude could result in a misinterpretation of the true mechanism responsible for the osseous damage. In this case, cooperation among the law enforcement agency, coroner's investigators, the forensic pathologist, and forensic anthropologists provided a comprehensive death case analysis.

  20. Darkness’s descent on the American Anthropological Association. A cautionary tale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreger, Alice

    2011-09-01

    In September 2000, the self-styled “anthropological journalist” Patrick Tierney began to make public his work claiming that the Yanomamö people of South America had been actively—indeed brutally—harmed by the sociobiological anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon and the geneticist-physician James Neel. Following a florid summary of Tierney’s claims by the anthropologists Terence Turner and Leslie Sponsel, the American Anthropological Association (AAA) saw fit to take Tierney’s claims seriously by conducting a major investigation into the matter. This paper focuses on the AAA’s problematic actions in this case but also provides previously unpublished information on Tierney’s falsehoods. The work presented is based on a year of research by a historian of medicine and science. The author intends the work to function as a cautionary tale to scholarly associations, which have the challenging duty of protecting scholarship and scholars from baseless and sensationalistic charges in the era of the Internet and twenty-four-hour news cycles.

  1. Ethics in Anthropological Research: Responsibilities to the Participants

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    S. Biswas

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Today, in anthropological research, ethics has become more relevant, more meaningful as well as structured in nature. In USA, specially after World War II, American Anthropological Association enacted code of ethics for anthropological research. However, in India, we have no such ethical guidelines from any of the association of anthropology; rather promote a space where researcher can create and evolve their own code of ethics. Ethical issues for anthropologists are manifold- their relations with research participants, with institution and colleagues, with own and host government and with society and funding agency of the project. Among these, the first one is most important, and present paper intends to identify ethical issues related with research participants; which includes informed consent, privacy, confidentiality, vulnerability, risk-benefit, deception, compensation and so on. The present work also intends to identify issues for which anthropologists criticize some components of bioethics because of their abstract principles derived from arm-chair philosophy, ethnocentric view and lack of cross-cultural analysis for that they prepare a readymade ethical code of conduct which may differ significantly from culture to culture.

  2. Global Health, Medical Anthropology, and Social Marketing: Steps to the Ecology of Collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteford, Linda

    2015-06-01

    Anthropology and global health have long been a focus of research for both biological and medical anthropologists. Research has looked at physiological adaptations to high altitudes, community responses to water-borne diseases, the integration of traditional and biomedical approaches to health, global responses to HIV/AIDS, and more recently, to the application of cultural approaches to the control of the Ebola epidemic. Academic anthropology has employed theory and methods to extend knowledge, but less often to apply that knowledge. However, anthropologists outside of the academy have tackled global health issues such as family planning and breast-feeding by bringing together applied medical anthropology and social marketing. In 2014, that potent and provocative combination resulted in the University of South Florida in Tampa, Florida being made the home of an innovative center designed to combine academic and applied anthropology with social marketing in order to facilitate social change. This article discusses how inter- and intra-disciplinary research/application has led to the development of Florida's first World Health Organization Collaborating Center (WHO CC), and the first such center to focus on social marketing, social change and non-communicable diseases. This article explains the genesis of the Center and presents readers with a brief overview, basic principles and applications of social marketing by reviewing a case study of a water conservation project. The article concludes with thoughts on the ecology of collaboration among global health, medical anthropology and social marketing practitioners.

  3. Marmosets as model species in neuroscience and evolutionary anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkart, Judith M; Finkenwirth, Christa

    2015-04-01

    Marmosets are increasingly used as model species by both neuroscientists and evolutionary anthropologists, but with a different rationale for doing so. Whereas neuroscientists stress that marmosets share many cognitive traits with humans due to common descent, anthropologists stress those traits shared with marmosets - and callitrichid monkeys in general - due to convergent evolution, as a consequence of the cooperative breeding system that characterizes both humans and callitrichids. Similarities in socio-cognitive abilities due to convergence, rather than homology, raise the question whether these similarities also extend to the proximate regulatory mechanisms, which is particularly relevant for neuroscientific investigations. In this review, we first provide an overview of the convergent adaptations to cooperative breeding at the psychological and cognitive level in primates, which bear important implications for our understanding of human cognitive evolution. In the second part, we zoom in on two of these convergent adaptations, proactive prosociality and social learning, and compare their proximate regulation in marmosets and humans with regard to oxytocin and cognitive top down regulation. Our analysis suggests considerable similarity in these regulatory mechanisms presumably because the convergent traits emerged due to small motivational changes that define how pre-existing cognitive mechanisms are quantitatively combined. This finding reconciles the prima facie contradictory rationale for using marmosets as high priority model species in neuroscience and anthropology.

  4. [The dialogues between anthropology and health: contributions to public policies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langdon, Esther Jean

    2014-04-01

    In order to examine the development of anthropological paradigms and their dialogue with medicine, I divide the discussion into two general, but non-exclusive, approaches: one that focuses on health and disease as social and cultural experience and construction, and another that examines health from an interactional and political perspective. For the first approach, I focus on North American and French theories that find resonance in the anthropological dialogue in Brazil. For the second political approach, the discussion originates in the dialogue among anthropologists in Latin America who have been developing models to contribute to an interdisciplinary approach necessary for health policies and intervention in health. The concepts of practices in self-care and intermedicality, among others, are explored due to their contribution in anthropology to public policies in health. These anthropologists have argued that health practices should be understood through the notions of autonomy, collectivity, agency and praxis, as opposed to the notions of the biomedical perspective characterized as being universalist, biological, individualist and a-historical.

  5. Did "Kin-based societies" Exist? On the (DeConstruction of an Anthropological Concept

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    Zorica Ivanović

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Concept of a ‘kin-based society’ relies on the assumption that, in stateless societies, kinship served as a fundamental and sufficient principle of social and political organization. Developed within the evolutionary paradigm, this concept has acquired different forms during the discipline’s history, depending on the theoretical orientation of various anthropologists and their understanding of the notion of ‘kinship’. Speaking from significantly different theoretical positions, anthropologists ranging from Rivers to Malinowski and Radcliffe- Brown, to Evans-Pritchard, Fortes and Levi-Strauss, all maintained that kinship formed a basis of social organization, although they did not always agree on the definition of the concept and the type of kinship relations that had this special quality of integrating and organizing the whole of society. The debates were primarily about whether it was consanguinity or affinity that served as a fundamental factor of forming and reproducing social relations. As modern anthropology rejects the idea that kinship relations can form the basis for social, economic and political integration in any type of society, including those without the state, class or caste system, this article considers the assumptions underpinning the construction of the concept witch for long played such an important role in the discipline’s knowledge but later came to be seriously challenged.

  6. Changing Patterns of Anthropology and Sociology Practices in Sri Lanka in the Context of Debates on Northern and Southern Theory

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    Siri Gamage

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Former British colony Ceylon (now Sri Lanka developed the University of Ceylon, Peradeniya as a model for the region. Its academic staff in the Social Sciences had their intellectual roots in the British or US traditions of scholarship due to their postgraduate training and research in these countries. Up to the early 1970s, there was a thriving academic atmosphere along with knowledge production and dissemination activities but this started to deteriorate with the socio-economic and political changes, changes in the language of instruction and the composition of the student body. A brain drain contributed to the creation of a different practitioner community of Anthropologists and Sociologists in the universities whose focus was more inward looking. Its links to Western traditions of scholarship also became weaker. Being a participant in this process from early 1970s up to the mid 1980s, the author uses his reflections and experiences to recount the changing nature of Anthropology and Sociology practice, theoretical emphasis, players involved, and the role of two research centres established outside the university system. The paper looks at the views of three Sri Lankan Anthropologists and Sociologists who have expressed concerns about the changing nature of teaching practices and constructed reality in Sri Lankan universities. The author connects these with the ongoing debate about Northern vs. Southern theory and prospects of alternative knowledge production articulated by Raewyn Connell.

  7. Between Depth and Surface. Anatomy, Vision and Writing in Valerio Magrelli and Michel Tournier

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    Elena Cappellini

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available At the outer limit of the body, the skin is a threshold between inside and outside, depth and surface, visible and invisible. In his project of integrating psychology and body growth, Didier Anzieu considers the epidermis to be a double-envelope surface, impermeable and porous at the same time, provided with an inner side which encloses the content of the body and records any slight change which occurs in it, and an outer side, a boundary between the body and the world which accumulates the traces left by experience, by the passing of time and by forces acting outside the body. Anatomy becomes a metaphor for writing both in Valerio Magrelli and Michel Tournier. In Magrelli’s Nel condominio di carne, both the image of an eye looking inwards and the X-ray vision become synonyms for introspection and starting point for the development of writing. Tournier’s artistic path, on the contrary, seems to develop along two parallel lines: the refusal of an epistemology of the deep associating interior, secret, truth, and the celebration of surface. The sense of horror aroused by the dissection of interior anatomy, as well as the image of an open window which widens the view onto the external world, overturn the self-perceptive point of view by reversing the direction of sight along which writing unfolds. As Tournier’s sensibility for photography might therefore correspond with the exaltation of externality as well as with his choice of a centrifugal writing, so Magrelli’s radiological interest corresponds with the celebration of depth and with the autobiographical inclination of his poetics.

  8. PREFACE: European Workshop on Advanced Control and Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulte, Horst; Georg, Sören

    2014-12-01

    The European Workshop on Advanced Control and Diagnosis is an annual event that has been organised since 2003 by Control Engineering departments of several European universities in Germany, France, the UK, Poland, Italy, Hungary and Denmark. The overall planning of the workshops is conducted by the Intelligent Control and Diagnosis (ICD) steering committee. This year's ACD workshop took place at HTW Berlin (University of Applied Sciences) and was organised by the Control Engineering group of School of Engineering I of HTW Berlin. 38 papers were presented at ACD 2014, with contributions spanning a variety of fields in modern control science: Discrete control, nonlinear control, model predictive control, system identification, fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control, control applications, applications of fuzzy logic, as well as modelling and simulation, the latter two forming a basis for all tasks in modern control. Three interesting and high-quality plenary lectures were delivered. The first plenary speaker was Wolfgang Weber from Pepperl+Fuchs, a German manufacturer of state-of-the-art industrial sensors and process interfaces. The second and third plenary speakers were two internationally high-ranked researchers in their respective fields, Prof. Didier Theilliol from Université de Lorraine and Prof. Carsten Scherer from Universität Stuttgart. Taken together, the three plenary lectures sought to contribute to closing the gap between theory and applications. On behalf of the whole ACD 2014 organising committee, we would like to thank all those who submitted papers and participated in the workshop. We hope it was a fruitful and memorable event for all. Together we are looking forward to the next ACD workshop in 2015 in Pilsen, Czech Republic. Horst Schulte (General Chair), Sören Georg (Programme Chair)

  9. Pathogenesis of hyperinflation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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    Gagnon P

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Philippe Gagnon,1,2 Jordan A Guenette,3,4 Daniel Langer,5 Louis Laviolette,2 Vincent Mainguy,1 François Maltais,1,2 Fernanda Ribeiro,1,2 Didier Saey1,2 1Faculté de Médecine, Université Laval, 2Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, QC, 3Centre for Heart Lung Innovation, University of British Columbia, St Paul's Hospital, 4Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 5Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is a preventable and treatable lung disease characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. In a significant proportion of patients with COPD, reduced lung elastic recoil combined with expiratory flow limitation leads to lung hyperinflation during the course of the disease. Development of hyperinflation during the course of COPD is insidious. Dynamic hyperinflation is highly prevalent in the advanced stages of COPD, and new evidence suggests that it also occurs in many patients with mild disease, independently of the presence of resting hyperinflation. Hyperinflation is clinically relevant for patients with COPD mainly because it contributes to dyspnea, exercise intolerance, skeletal muscle limitations, morbidity, and reduced physical activity levels associated with the disease. Various pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions have been shown to reduce hyperinflation and delay the onset of ventilatory limitation in patients with COPD. The aim of this review is to address the more recent literature regarding the pathogenesis, assessment, and management of both static and dynamic lung hyperinflation in patients with COPD. We also address the influence of biological sex and obesity and new developments in our understanding of hyperinflation in patients with mild COPD and its evolution during

  10. First Quarter Hanford Seismic Report for Fiscal Year 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohay, Alan C.; Sweeney, Mark D.; Hartshorn, Donald C.; Clayton, Ray E.; Devary, Joseph L.

    2009-03-15

    The Hanford Seismic Assessment Program (HSAP) provides an uninterrupted collection of high-quality raw and processed seismic data from the Hanford Seismic Network for the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors. The HSAP is responsible for locating and identifying sources of seismic activity and monitoring changes in the historical pattern of seismic activity at the Hanford Site. The data are compiled, archived, and published for use by the Hanford Site for waste management, natural phenomena hazards assessments, and engineering design and construction. In addition, the HSAP works with the Hanford Site Emergency Services Organization to provide assistance in the event of a significant earthquake on the Hanford Site. The Hanford Seismic Network and the Eastern Washington Regional Network consist of 44 individual sensor sites and 15 radio relay sites maintained by the Hanford Seismic Assessment Team. This includes three recently acquired Transportable Array stations located at Cold Creek, Didier Farms, and Phinney Hill. For the Hanford Seismic Network, ten local earthquakes were recorded during the first quarter of fiscal year 2009. All earthquakes were considered as “minor” with magnitudes (Mc) less than 1.0. Two earthquakes were located at shallow depths (less than 4 km), most likely in the Columbia River basalts; five earthquakes at intermediate depths (between 4 and 9 km), most likely in the sub-basalt sediments); and three earthquakes were located at depths greater than 9 km, within the basement. Geographically, four earthquakes occurred in known swarm areas and six earthquakes were classified as random events.

  11. Adolescents with personality disorders suffer from severe psychiatric stigma: evidence from a sample of 131 patients

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    Catthoor K

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Kirsten Catthoor,1,3 Dine J Feenstra,2 Joost Hutsebaut,2 Didier Schrijvers,3 Bernard Sabbe3 1Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatrisch Ziekenhuis Stuivenberg, ZNA Antwerpen, Antwerp, Belgium; 2Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders, Halsteren, the Netherlands; 3Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium Background: The aim of the study is to assess the severity of psychiatric stigma in a sample of personality disordered adolescents in order to evaluate whether differences in stigma can be found in adolescents with different types and severity of personality disorders (PDs. Not only adults but children and adolescents with mental health problems suffer from psychiatric stigma. In contrast to the abundance of research in adult psychiatric samples, stigma in children and adolescents has hardly been investigated. Personality disordered adolescents with fragile identities and self-esteem might be especially prone to feeling stigmatized, an experience which might further shape their identity throughout this critical developmental phase. Materials and methods: One hundred thirty-one adolescent patients underwent a standard assessment with Axis I and Axis II diagnostic interviews and two stigma instruments, Stigma Consciousness Questionnaire (SCQ and Perceived Devaluation–Discrimination Questionnaire (PDDQ. Independent sample t-tests were used to investigate differences in the mean SCQ and PDDQ total scores for patients with and without a PD. Multiple regression main effect analyses were conducted to explore the impact of the different PDs on level of stigma, as well as comorbid Axis I disorders. Age and sex were also entered in the regression models. Results and conclusions: Adolescents with severe mental health problems experience a burden of stigma. Personality disordered patients experience more stigma than adolescents with other severe psychiatric Axis I disorders. Borderline PD

  12. On the dynamics of the world demographic transition and financial-economic crises forecasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akaev, A.; Sadovnichy, V.; Korotayev, A.

    2012-05-01

    The article considers dynamic processes involving non-linear power-law behavior in such apparently diverse spheres, as demographic dynamics and dynamics of prices of highly liquid commodities such as oil and gold. All the respective variables exhibit features of explosive growth containing precursors indicating approaching phase transitions/catastrophes/crises. The first part of the article analyzes mathematical models of demographic dynamics that describe various scenarios of demographic development in the post-phase-transition period, including a model that takes the limitedness of the Earth carrying capacity into account. This model points to a critical point in the early 2050s, when the world population, after reaching its maximum value may decrease afterward stabilizing then at a certain stationary level. The article presents an analysis of the influence of the demographic transition (directly connected with the hyperexponential growth of the world population) on the global socioeconomic and geopolitical development. The second part deals with the phenomenon of explosive growth of prices of such highly liquid commodities as oil and gold. It is demonstrated that at present the respective processes could be regarded as precursors of waves of the global financial-economic crisis that will demand the change of the current global economic and political system. It is also shown that the moments of the start of the first and second waves of the current global crisis could have been forecasted with a model of accelerating log-periodic fluctuations superimposed over a power-law trend with a finite singularity developed by Didier Sornette and collaborators. With respect to the oil prices, it is shown that it was possible to forecast the 2008 crisis with a precision up to a month already in 2007. The gold price dynamics was used to calculate the possible time of the start of the second wave of the global crisis (July-August 2011); note that this forecast has turned out

  13. "I wash my hands of it!?" - Trends in hand hygiene over the past decades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotter, Manfred L

    2007-09-13

    Hand hygiene is the most important measure to protect against the spread of nosocomial infections. With the development of in vitro und in vivo test methods for evaluation of the effect of hand hygiene, there has been a sharp increase over the past 50 years in the body of knowledge relating to effective methods for removal from the hands or killing and inactivation of pathogens. In 1958 the German Society of Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) published a first "Guidelines for Testing Chemical Disinfectants" and included only those hand disinfection products on its "List of Tested Chemical Disinfectants Found To Be Effective" that had been tested as per the methods cited in the guidelines. The American Society of Testing and Materials (today: ASTM International) was next, with the first test protocols for hand disinfection products, which in 1974 were adopted by the US Food and Drug Agency as "Guidelines" in a "Tentative Final Monograph" (TFM) and in 1994, having revised it to incorporate new insights, it was published once again. Where the user is concerned, guidelines for hand disinfection containing information on indication and implementation are of course more important than methods dealing with efficacy testing of products. Such guidelines are compiled within the hospitals by the infection control teams set up during the 1970s. Written guidelines were also published by several healthcare institutions, scientific societies and associations. The guidelines formulated by the World Health Organisation (WHO), in an expert committee under the direction of Didier Pittet, proved to be the most successful of the attempts undertaken at global level to enhance hand hygiene. The most remarkable changes appear to be the efforts aimed at improving compliance among medical personnel and the increasing international acceptance of hand disinfection by using alcohols in the form of rubs; whether this will be with lotions or gels remains to be seen.

  14. On the identification of Dragon Kings among extreme-valued outliers

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    M. Riva

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Extreme values of earth, environmental, ecological, physical, biological, financial and other variables often form outliers to heavy tails of empirical frequency distributions. Quite commonly such tails are approximated by stretched exponential, log-normal or power functions. Recently there has been an interest in distinguishing between extreme-valued outliers that belong to the parent population of most data in a sample and those that do not. The first type, called Gray Swans by Nassim Nicholas Taleb (often confused in the literature with Taleb's totally unknowable Black Swans, is drawn from a known distribution of the tails which can thus be extrapolated beyond the range of sampled values. However, the magnitudes and/or space–time locations of unsampled Gray Swans cannot be foretold. The second type of extreme-valued outliers, termed Dragon Kings by Didier Sornette, may in his view be sometimes predicted based on how other data in the sample behave. This intriguing prospect has recently motivated some authors to propose statistical tests capable of identifying Dragon Kings in a given random sample. Here we apply three such tests to log air permeability data measured on the faces of a Berea sandstone block and to synthetic data generated in a manner statistically consistent with these measurements. We interpret the measurements to be, and generate synthetic data that are, samples from α-stable sub-Gaussian random fields subordinated to truncated fractional Gaussian noise (tfGn. All these data have frequency distributions characterized by power-law tails with extreme-valued outliers about the tail edges.

  15. GSE moves to a new system of submission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Since October 10, 2005 the management of manuscripts submitted to GSE has moved to a new electronic system: Management Manuscript System or MMS. This system offers different services, which facilitate submission of manuscripts and contribute to their efficient and rapid processing. It is accessible at: http://www.edpsciences.org/gse. With this system, we expect to process your manuscripts quickly and efficiently. In the editorial board, two new scientific editors: Hélène Hayes (INRA, Jouy-en-Josas, France and Philippe Baret (Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium have taken over from Francis Minvielle, after six years of active and successful participation as Scientific Editor. H. Hayes will address manuscripts in molecular biology, while P. Baret will deal with those in quantitative genetics. Didier Boichard (INRA, Jouy-en-Josas, France will act as Editor-in-Chief. The journal thanks Michel Georges for his continuous help, as former Editor-in-Chief, to improve the quality and the international audience of GSE. For the fourth consecutive year, the impact factor of GSE is in progression (1.65 in 2004. Most of the articles published in GSE have focused on original research in quantitative and molecular genetics of farm and experimental animals, as well as related species. Since the number of submissions has markedly increased over the last two years, GSE has slightly modified its scope by restricting it to domesticated and experimental species and leaving articles on wild species to more specialised journals. The expected outcome is that GSE will specialize on papers with a strong methodological dimension to help understand, maintain and exploit animal genetic variability.

  16. Report of the 4th European Zebrafish Principal Investigator Meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Susana S; Distel, Martin; Linker, Claudia; Fior, Rita; Monteiro, Rui; Bianco, Isaac H; Portugues, Ruben; Strähle, Uwe; Saúde, Leonor

    2016-12-01

    The European Zebrafish Principal Investigator Meeting (EZPM) is an ideal forum for group leaders using this fantastic animal model not only to discuss science but also to strengthen their interactions, to push forward technological advances, and to define guidelines for the use of this fish in research. The city of Lisbon (Portugal) was voted by the European group leaders to be the setting for the 4th EZPM, and the organizing committee, composed by Leonor Saúde (iMM Lisboa, PT), Susana Lopes (CEDOC, PT), Michael Orger (Champalimaud Foundation, PT), Rui Oliveira (ISPA, PT), and António Jacinto (CEDOC, PT), was very enthusiastic to organize a productive event. The 4th EZPM took place from March 15 to 19 at Pavilhão do Conhecimento, a Science Museum and Educational Center winner of The Great Prize FAD of Arquitecture 1999 and The Society for Environmental Graphic Design Award 2011. Over 5 days, 135 group leaders (89 men and 46 women) coming from 19 different European countries and also from the United States, Turkey, Israel, Chile, and Singapore presented and discussed their recent research achievements. In addition to the scientific oral and poster presentations, the group leaders gathered in very lively community sessions on morphants versus mutants (chaired by Didier Stainier, Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, DE), funding issues (chaired by Uwe Strahle, KIT-ITG, DE), and gender equality (chaired by Corinne Houart, KCL, United Kingdom). One of the highlights of the 4th EZPM was the guided visit to Oceanário de Lisboa, an international award-winning place that celebrates life with a stunning display of living aquatic creatures.

  17. The second life of ethnographic fieldnotes

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    Robert Leopold

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available La deuxième vie des notes de terrain ethnographique. Créées dès 1879 sous le nom d’Archives du Bureau of American Ethnology, les National Anthropological Archives ont pour mission de collecter et d’assurer la sauvegarde des notes de terrain et, plus généralement, de l’ensemble des matériaux ethnographiques. Ces notes, photographies, archives sonores et images animées sont consultées très régulièrement par des anthropologues. Certains se consacrent à l’écriture de biographies, d’autres travaillent sur l’histoire de la discipline, d’autres encore sont désireux de revisiter les archives d’ethnologues les ayant précédés sur le même terrain. Ces matériaux sont également de plus en plus souvent consultés par des non-anthropologues, parmi lesquels on compte des membres de sociétés étudiées soucieux de mieux connaitre leur héritage. Ce texte présente quelques uns des défis que pose la collecte de ces archives et plus encore leur mise à disposition du public sur place ou en ligne. Il prend particulièrement en compte le rôle de l’archiviste vis-à-vis des sociétés-sources pour tout ce qui concerne les problèmes éthiques posés par l’utilisation de ces matériaux si sensibles.The second life of ethnographic fieldnotes. The National Anthropological Archives has been collecting and preserving ethnographic field notes and related materials since its founding as the Archives of the Bureau of American Ethnology in 1879. Each year, these field notes, photographs, sound recordings and moving images are consulted by anthropologists writing biographies and intellectual histories, conducting comparative research, and reviewing the work of anthropologists who conducted research in the same ethnographic region. These field materials are also increasingly consulted by non-anthropologists, particularly native peoples studying their own cultural heritage. This text discusses some of the challenges involved in

  18. ANATOMO-MORPHOLOGICAL FEUTURES OF THE ROOT CANAL SYSTEM IN GEORGIAN POPULATION - CONE-BEAM COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY STUDY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beshkenadze, E; Chipashvili, N

    2015-10-01

    Incomplete and superficial knowledge of morphological types and anatomical variations of the root canal system will become the reason leading to the failure of endodontic treatment. cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) - it is a technologically more sophisticated, interesting, reliable, non-invasive imaging technique with high degree of visualization, considered as a particularly important and useful tool to study complexity and variability of canal system. 2753 teeth of 228 patients have been studied by CT. Ages of the patients varied within 25-55 years. Among them 122 men and 106 women. Maxillary teeth - 1394 and mandibular - 1359, respectively. The aim of our study was investigation and evaluation of: tooth length, number of roots and canals, type of configuration, root canal curvature and degree of curvature in Georgian population. The results of the study revealed interesting data and anatomical characteristics, those replicating the racial signs and differs from the data recorded by the other researchers, became evident. In studying of dental form variations were interested anatomists (description and comparison) anthropologists, biologists, palaeontologists and stomatologists. The field of human dental anatomy has not been completely explored so, the modern human teeth still remain a matter of continual curiosity and research. The knowledge of anatomical characteristics of dental root canals will help clinicians to optimize the algorithm of endodontic treatment. Thus, statistic data are not the universal criterias, however, basing on these indicators anthropometrical data of roots and canals vary according to the geographic zones and nationalities. The study of variations in tooth form has interested anatomists (description and comparison), anthropologists, biologists, palaeontologists and dentists. The field of human dental anatomy has not been completely explored and the dentition of modern man still remains a matter of continual curiosity and research

  19. The Speech Act Theory between Linguistics and Language Philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu-Mihail MARINESCU

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Of all the issues in the general theory of language usage, speech act theory has probably aroused the widest interest. Psychologists, forexample, have suggested that the acquisition of the concepts underlying speech acts may be a prerequisite for the acquisition of language in general,literary critics have looked to speech act theory for an illumination of textual subtleties or for an understanding of the nature of literary genres,anthropologists have hoped to find in the theory some account of the nature of magical incantations, philosophers have seen potential applications to,amongst other things, the status of ethical statements, while linguists have seen the notions of speech act theory as variously applicable to problemsin syntax, semantics, second language learning, and elsewhere.

  20. Advertising cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malefyt, Timothy de Waal; Moeran, Brian

    The growth, success and secrets of advertizing are legendary. Advertizing agencies ceaselessly churn out evermore sophisticated campaigns that, when successful, manage to capture the every essence of consumer desire. The secrets of advertizing are perhaps best understood by turning......, but exposes, through in-depth accounts based on personal experience, the inner workings of the advertizing industry. How do adverts manage to capture "real" life? What issues do agencies have to consider when using an advert in a range of different countries? What specific methods are used to persuade us...... to the relationship between advertizing and anthropology. The link between them may come as a surprise to those who consider advertizing to be firmly rooted in commerce and anthropology in culture. Through the lens of anthropologists, this book not only shows how anthropology and advertizing are connected...

  1. Historical Relationships Between Biological Anthropology and Body Composition%生物人类学和人体组成学的渊源关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昭

    2013-01-01

    随着人体组成学中文版的发行和人体组成测量培训班在中国的举行,中国生物人类学家对人体组成测量方法在科研中的运用有了更大的兴趣.该文对人类学家,如Jind(r)ich Matiegka和Stanley Marion Garn在人体组成学发展中的历史贡献做了基本的介绍.此外,作者还以Garn博士的工作为例,去激励中国生物人类学家开展人体组成学的研究工作.文章讨论了人体组成成分的测量方法在生物人类学中的用途,并介绍了人体组成学的基本理论和概念及近年来人体组成学的变化:如影像技术的发展,影像技术作为“金标准”对评估其他人体组成测量方法的用途,双能量x线吸收法的优势,生物电阻分析法的广泛运用,和多种人体组成测量方法相辅相成的现象.作者对常用的人体组成测量方法的优缺点做了比较,并指出人体组成成分测量是人体测量方法的自然延续,人体组成学和生物人类学的关系渊源已久;因此中国人类学家应当更多地利用人体组成测量方法对人体差异做更深入的研究,并注重人体差异同健康疾病和生物医学的关系,以便让生物人类学更好地为当今社会服务.%With recently published Chinese books and workshops on body composition methods,biological anthropologists in China are now increasingly interested in applying body composition methods in their research.This paper provided a brief review on the historical contributions by anthropologists,such as Jind(r)ich Matiegka,and Stanley Marion Gain,to the development of body composition methods.In addition,Dr.Garn's work was used as an example to inspire body composition research by biological anthropologists in China.The author discussed the utility of body composition measurements in the research of biological anthropology,and described the basic theory and concept of body composition as well as the recent changes in body composition measurements

  2. Business Anthropology, Family Ideology and Japan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeran, Brian

    2012-01-01

    Japanese." Their research often relies on second than first-hand knowledge, and can therefore be misleading. The author points to the perceived connections between the traditional household system, not just family ideology, and modern economic relations. He reminds us that what distinguishes anthropology......Like those of business and management studies, methodological and theoretical contributions of anthropology to the study of family business cannot be ignored. This article elucidates three interconnected themes relating to the development and practices of business anthropology and family ideology...... in Japan. It also looks at how the family ideology in Japanese business first described and explained by anthropologists has been taken up by those with an interest in the Japanese industrial system, but working in field of management and business studies without any particular specialization in "things...

  3. A Legacy for Living Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregory Bateson’s contribution to 20th century thinking has appealed to scholars from a wide range of fields dealing in one way or another with aspects of communication and epistemology. A number of his insights were taken up and developed further in anthropology, psychology, evolutionary biology...... who are seeking an elegant new approach to exploring highly complex systems.   "What pattern connects the crab to the lobster and the orchid to the primrose and all the four of them to me? And me to you?" - Gregory Bateson from Mind and Nature Written for: Individuals (researchers) and libraries......, anthropologists, psychologists, cyberneticians, theoretical biologists, communication scientists, biochemists, those interested in bioinformatics and ethologists, particularly in Europe but also in America Keywords: Biosemiotics Evolution Gregory Bateson Meaning Mind...

  4. DIGIT LENGTH DISPLAYS A SIGNIFICANT FRACTION IN STATURE ESTIMATION: A STUDY FROM COASTAL REGION OF SOUTH INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayathri Matheswaran

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Relationship that exists between different part of the body and height had been of great interest to anthropologists, forensic and medical scientists for many years. This is because of the increase in the number of catastrophic events causing mass deaths from natural or manmade errors. Such disasters like flooding, tsunamis, earthquakes, plane crashes, train crashes , terrorist attacks usually requires the identification of victims from fragmentary and dismembered human remains. In present paper, study on stature estimation from digit length has been reported. In the present study, 200individuals (96 males and 104 females belonging to age group of 18 to 25years having no disease or deformity were examined anthropometrically in respect to their height and digit lengths (2D, 3D, 4D, 5D have been measured. The regression equations have been drawn from the data collected. It has been observed that stature can be estimated from the digit lengths

  5. Taste didactic reflection theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wistoft, Karen; Qvortrup, Lars

    and gastrophysicists), and social sciences (anthropologists) as well as educators (preschool, elementary, secondary and vocational schools, colleges and universities) and chefs. Through interdisciplinary research collaboration and communication we attempt to span the perceived chasm separating food-sensory science...... and the humanities and social sciences. We do so by engaging scholars from different disciplines in a close, collaborative effort hereby generating new knowledge on taste. The center thus includes researchers from several universities and colleges, chefs from innovation kitchens, and teachers from elementary schools......, high schools and vocational educations. By integrating research, taste, learning, didactics and communication, our projects focus on three main areas: sensory sciences and didactics; gastrophysics and the integration of scientific disciplines; and innovation and honing of culinary skills. While we...

  6. Tourist Roles, Gender and Age in Greece: A Study of Tourists in Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgia Yfantidou

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This research is set in the context of tourism marketing and refers specifically to tourist roles. A representative sample of 1675 tourists brings to light the tourist role preference in Greece, and allows us to examine the possible differences between men and women of varying ages. The Tourist Role Preference Scale (TRPS was used for this research. The findings of this study support the existence of Yiannakis and Gibson’s 15 leisure tourist roles in Greece. Sun lover, anthropologist, archaeologist, independent mass tourist and escapist were found to be the most prevalent tourist roles in Greece. A comparison between gender and age revealed more similarities than differences. TRPS was proven reliable and valid for the sample used in this study and the questions of the scale represented significantly the tourist roles measured.

  7. Historia, Antropología E Imperio Español En El Museo De América (1940-1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Betrisey Nadali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Professional and scientific activity regarding the “History of Spain in America” during the Franco dictatorship were both carried out in oblivion of the existence of a colonial past understood as a process of domination that determined the effective appropriation of the material culture of former Spanish colonies in the Americas and their subsequent preservation and exhibition in the mother country’s most important museums. This article analyzes how the Museum of America (1941 crystalized a sense of mutual belonging between Latin America and Spain, with which historians and anthropologists would dialogue for a long time, providing concrete evidence of its existence through the exhibition of material objects originating in a supposedly “harmonious mixture” of “natives” and “Spaniards,” but which ignores the conflictive dimension of the inter-ethnic relations established between them.

  8. Virtual anthropology and forensic identification using multidetector CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dedouit, F; Savall, F; Mokrane, F-Z; Rousseau, H; Crubézy, E; Rougé, D; Telmon, N

    2014-04-01

    Virtual anthropology is made possible by modern cross-sectional imaging. Multislice CT (MSCT) can be used for comparative bone and dental identification, reconstructive identification and lesion identification. Comparative identification, the comparison of ante- and post-mortem imaging data, can be performed on both teeth and bones. Reconstructive identification, a considerable challenge for the radiologist, identifies the deceased by determining sex, geographical origin, stature and age at death. Lesion identification combines virtual autopsy and virtual anthropology. MSCT can be useful in palaeopathology, seeking arthropathy, infection, oral pathology, trauma, tumours, haematological disorders, stress indicators or occupational stress in bones and teeth. We examine some of the possibilities offered by this new radiological subspeciality that adds a new dimension to the work of the forensic radiologist. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial and involves communication and data exchange between radiologists, forensic pathologists, anthropologists and radiographers.

  9. An Update on the Hazards and Risks of Forensic Anthropology, Part II: Field and Laboratory Considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Lindsey G; Dabbs, Gretchen R; Spencer, Jessica R

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on potential hazards and risks to forensic anthropologists while working in the field and laboratory in North America. Much has changed since Galloway and Snodgrass published their seminal article addressing these issues. The increased number of forensic practitioners combined with new information about potential hazards calls for an updated review of these pathogens and chemicals. Discussion of pathogen hazards (Brucella, Borrelia burgdorferi, Yersinia pestis, Clostridium tetani and West Nile virus) includes important history, exposure routes, environmental survivability, early symptoms, treatments with corresponding morbidity and mortality rates, and decontamination measures. Additionally, data pertaining to the use of formaldehyde in the laboratory environment have resulted in updated safety regulations, and these are highlighted. These data should inform field and laboratory protocols. The hazards of working directly with human remains are discussed in a companion article, "An Update on the Hazards and Risks of Forensic Anthropology, Part I: Human Remains."

  10. Automated classification of female facial beauty by image analysis and supervised learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunes, Hatice; Piccardi, Massimo; Jan, Tony

    2004-01-01

    The fact that perception of facial beauty may be a universal concept has long been debated amongst psychologists and anthropologists. In this paper, we performed experiments to evaluate the extent of beauty universality by asking a number of diverse human referees to grade a same collection of female facial images. Results obtained show that the different individuals gave similar votes, thus well supporting the concept of beauty universality. We then trained an automated classifier using the human votes as the ground truth and used it to classify an independent test set of facial images. The high accuracy achieved proves that this classifier can be used as a general, automated tool for objective classification of female facial beauty. Potential applications exist in the entertainment industry and plastic surgery.

  11. Imagination, creation and literary origins: dreaming and waking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Farrar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Quotation, allusion, mediumship and speaking with or through others’ voices is an established ad well-worked aspect of culture, indeed, it seems, across all cultures, an appropriate subject indeed for COMPASIO. So too has the inspiration artists have drawn for their creation from dreams and the voices of a world beyond themselves. This has been relatively well studied in such fields as visual art and music. Less attention, however, despite its clear centrality, has been given to literary creation. This paper, by a cultural anthropologist, uses a personal case study to illustrate how this can work through the interaction between dreams and narrative. The case here, though only singular in its detailed content and process has wider implications for the comparative anthropological and comparative study of culture, individuality, imagination and creativity.

  12. Urbanization, Ikization, and Replacement Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Yanguang

    2015-01-01

    The phenomenon of Iks was first found by anthropologists and biologists, but it is actually a problem of human geography. However, it has not yet drawn extensive attention of geographers. In this paper, a hypothesis of ikization is presented that sudden and violent change of geographical environments results in dismantling of traditional culture, which then result in collective depravity of a nationality. By quantitative analysis and mathematical modeling, the causality between urbanization and ikization is discussed, and the theory of replacement dynamics is employed to interpret the process of ikization. Urbanization is in essence a nonlinear process of population replacement. Urbanization may result in ikization because that the migration of population from rural regions to urban regions always give rise to abrupt changes of geographical environments and traditional culture. It is necessary to protect the geographical environment against disruption, and to inherit and develop traditional culture in order t...

  13. Evidence of authentic DNA from Danish Viking Age skeletons untouched by humans for 1,000 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melchior, Linea; Kivisild, Toomas; Lynnerup, Niels;

    2008-01-01

    Age subjects that at the time of sampling were untouched by humans for 1,000 years. We removed teeth from the subjects prior to handling by archaeologists and anthropologists using protective equipment. An additional tooth was removed after standard archaeological and anthropological handling. All pre-PCR...... work was carried out in a "clean- laboratory" dedicated solely to ancient DNA work. Mitochondrial DNA was extracted and overlapping fragments spanning the HVR-1 region as well as diagnostic sites in the coding region were PCR amplified, cloned and sequenced. Consistent results were obtained...... with the "unhandled" teeth and there was no indication of contamination, while the latter was the case with half of the "handled" teeth. The results allowed the unequivocal assignment of a specific haplotype to each of the subjects, all haplotypes being compatible in their character states with a phylogenetic tree...

  14. Opera as Social Showcase: Rituals of “Magic Mirrors” at the Margravial Opera House in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Bayreuth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlado Kotnik

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a ritualistic approach to opera in the historical case of the mid-eighteenth-century Margravial Opera House in Bavarian Bayreuth to argue that court opera can be understood as a variety of social showcase. In this view, court opera is a specific form of communication through which opera established the various types of relationship between itself and the social worlds in which, and for which, it was created. By referring to the operatic rituals under the leadership and sponsorship of Wilhelmina of Bayreuth and her husband Frederick, it will be established how the Bayreuth’s ruling couple used opera for several social and political purposes. As both genre and institution, the margravial opera production is interpreted by the analytical models of anthropologists of ritual and theatre, like Victor Turner, Clifford Geertz, Maurice Bloch, Stanley Tambiah, Catherine Bell, employing their ritual theory, especially Turner’s concept of a “hall of magic mirrors”.

  15. Beyond territory and scarcity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    of individuals. - Examining the relevance of the different conceptions of territory for the ways in which people manage, or attempt to manage, natural resources. - Placing their research within the framework of the developing discussion on policy and politics in natural resource management. The studies are drawn...... should not be reduced to Malthusian parameters and the simple question of population growth and failing resources.In this volume, ten anthropologists and geographers critically address traditional Malthusian discourses in essays that attempt to move "beyond territory and scarcity" by: - Exploring...... alternatives to the strong natural determinism that reduces natural resource management to questions of territory and scarcity. - Presenting material and methodologies that explore the different contexts in which social and cultural values intervene, and discovering more than "rational choice" in the agency...

  16. [Environmental history as an anthropologic topic. Contribution to "chemical anthropology"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grupe, G

    1990-06-01

    Human population history is firmly connected with temporal and regional changes of the environment. Whether natural or anthropogene, alteration of environmental features lead to changes of human life-style and to the development of adaptive strategies. The demand of resources for his subsistence has led man to diverse impacts on his environment since ever. Thus, environmental history is a scientific topic for anthropologists. The research potential of trace element studies of excavated human skeletons for the reconstruction of natural and socio-cultural environments as well as for distribution patterns of hazardous substances is outlined for the European Middle Ages. The scientific value of unravelling past man/environment-interrelationships for both the historical and applied sciences and the place of any "chemical anthropology" within this context is discussed.

  17. "The First Twenty Years," by Bernard J. Siegel. Annual Review of Anthropology, 22 (1993, pp. 1-34, Annual Reviews, Inc, Palo Alto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James A. Delle

    1995-05-01

    Full Text Available After twenty years as editor of the Annual Review ofAnthropology (ARA, Professor Siegel took on a daunting task with this article. In his words, he set out to "ponder the developments in the several subfields of anthropol­ogy over this period of time, as reflected in the topics selected for review in this enterprise" (p. 8. To this end Siegel, a cultural anthropologist, mined the collective knowledge contained within twenty years of the ARA. In his presentation, he considers the intellectual developments within each of the five subdisciplines separately (he includes applied anthropology, concluding with some brief remarks on the importance of maintaining a four or five field approach to anthropology. For our purposes here, I will limit my comments to his section on archaeology.

  18. An historical skull collection and its use in forensic odontology and anthropology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejrsen, B; Lynnerup, N; Hejmadi, M

    2005-01-01

    The Institute of Forensic Medicine, Copenhagen, houses a collection of historical skulls of unclear origin, marked with a general geographic or "racial descriptor". Would these historical skulls be of any value for the forensic odontologist and anthropologist concerned with teaching and casework....... The FORDISC programme computed a discriminatory analysis for each skull and thereby assigned the skull to the most probable ethnic category. The results for the non-metric traits showed that the traits generally followed the expected frequencies in 80% of the cases. The FORDISC programme correctly assigned...... ethnicity based on skull measurements in overall 70% of the cases. It was found that this historical collection does show expected dental non-metric and craniometric traits and the collection may be of value in forensic casework in terms of comparison and for teaching purposes....

  19. Managed care or managed inequality? A call for critiques of market-based medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rylko-Bauer, Barbara; Farmer, Paul

    2002-12-01

    This review article critiques the growing dominance of market-based medicine in the United States against the background of existing problems with quality of care, rising costs, devaluation of doctor-patient relationships, and, especially, persistent inequalities of access and outcomes. It summarizes the present state of health care delivery by focusing on the concurrent trends of growth in managed care, expanding profits, increasing proportion of those uninsured, and widening racial, ethnic, and class disparities in access to care. Allowing market forces to dictate the shape of health care delivery in this country ensures that inequalities will continue to grow and modern medicine will become increasingly adept at managing inequality rather than managing (providing) care. The article challenges anthropology to become more involved in critiquing these developments and suggests how anthropologists can expand on and contextualize debates surrounding the market's role in medicine, here and abroad.

  20. [Matter and spirit: the unconscious in Carl Gustav Carus's psychology (1779-1868)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montiel, L

    1997-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus, one of the originators of a doctrine centered on the unconscious, is an interesting figure from current viewpoints. The doctrine he espoused was psychological, but in addition, the author sought foundations for his thinking in the biological knowledge of his time. The unconscious that Carus postulated was simultaneously biological, material and psychological in nature. Thus the history of psychism--the history of the soul--was related with the individual's and the species's biological history. From this perspective the unconscious was recognized as an indispensable element of rational thought. This theory, which recalls in many aspects that of C.G. Jung, made possible the medical study of psychic life and the revaluation of unconscious factors of psychism which were usually denigrated by modern anthropologists and moralists.

  1. Anthropology is missing: on the World Development Report 2010: Development and Climate Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trostle, James

    2010-07-01

    When the World Bank publishes a report on climate change, the world takes notice. What are its diagnoses and treatments, and how present is anthropology in this analysis? The 2010 World Development Report on climate change provides few new diagnostic tools and no clear Bank policy revisions. It often fails to harmonize neoliberal development rhetoric with new climate-change imperatives. It nods to the importance of social context and risk perception yet refers primarily to behavioral economics and psychological constructs. Although anthropologists are documenting the local effects and human responses to larger-scale, climate-driven processes, our work is absent in the report. To play a role at global scale we would do well to learn more about concepts like nonlinearity and emergence, systems analysis, modeling, and disease dynamics. Our adroitness in developing metaphors and methods for crossing scale will make our efforts more visible and applicable.

  2. Age estimation using pulp/tooth area ratio: A digital image analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasidhar Singaraju

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Age is one of the essential factors in establishing the identity of the person. Estimation of the human age is a procedure adopted by anthropologists, archeologists, and forensic scientists. Inspection of radiographs and subsequent comparison with radiographic images, in charts yield ′maturity scores′ that help us to assess the age of an individual. Alternative approaches based on digitalization of panoramic radiographs and their computerized storage have recently become available that exploit image analysis to obtain nondestructive metric measurements of both pulp chambers and teeth, which can be used to assess the age of an individual. The purpose of the present study was to present a method for assessing the chronological age based on the relationship between age and measurement of the pulp/tooth area ratio on single-rooted teeth, using orthopantomographs and a computer-aided drafting program AutoCAD 2000.

  3. Understanding the organisational context for adverse events in the health services: the role of cultural censorship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, E; Hazelgrove, J

    2001-12-01

    This paper responds to the current emphasis on organisational learning in the NHS as a means of improving healthcare systems and making hospitals safer places for patients. Conspiracies of silence have been identified as obstacles to organisational learning, covering error and hampering communication. In this paper we question the usefulness of the term and suggest that "cultural censorship", a concept developed by the anthropologist Robin Sherriff, provides a much needed insight into cultures of silence within the NHS. Drawing on a number of illustrations, but in particular the Ritchie inquiry into the disgraced gynaecologist Rodney Ledward, we show how the defining characteristics of cultural censorship can help us to understand how adverse events get pushed underground, only to flourish in the underside of organisational life.

  4. Whole-body 3D scanner and scan data report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addleman, Stephen R.

    1997-03-01

    With the first whole-body 3D scanner now available the next adventure confronting the user is what to do with all of the data. While the system was built for anthropologists, it has created interest among users from a wide variety of fields. Users with applications in the fields of anthropology, costume design, garment design, entertainment, VR and gaming have a need for the data in formats unique to their fields. Data from the scanner is being converted to solid models for art and design and NURBS for computer graphics applications. Motion capture has made scan data move and dance. The scanner has created a need for advanced application software just as other scanners have in the past.

  5. [Scientific approaches to the Mexican mestizo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Beltran, Carlos; Deister, Vivette Garcia

    2013-06-01

    The colonial category of mestizo was an ideological tool that shaped national identity in the post-revolutionary period in Mexico. The Indian-mestizo axis functioned to organize the ethnic and political interactions of the state. Doctors and anthropologists reinforced this dual taxonomy in studies of human populations, using biomedical markers to produce differentiated descriptions of the Indian and the mestizo. Genomic descriptions have contributed both to the construction of the scientistic notion of the mestizo based on the percentage of Indian, European and African ancestry, and also to the rise of two technoscientific objects that we call the molecular mestizo and the bioinformatic mestizo. Here we describe the interactions between the ideological and scientific incarnations of the mestizo.

  6. HIV/AIDS, Globalização e Segurança Ontológica - desafios comunicativos chave na prevenção do HIV/AIDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Tufte

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to outline the interrelationship between the process of globalisation and the spread of HIV/AIDS. For this purpose, the article parts from the hypothesis given by the Indian-American anthropologist, Arjun Appadurai, in arguing that mass migration and electronic media development are key elements contributing to the growing feeling of instability in the production of modern subjectivities. I term this feeling as 'ontological insecurity'. The article thus argues an interconnection between the global development process, the spread of HIV/AIDS and the existential feeling of ontological insecurity. Given this introduction, the article assesses the key challenges of HIV/AIDS communication and prevention within the overarching context of economic and cultural globalisation and explores what consequences the above issues will have for the practice of HIV/AIDS communication.

  7. Cooperation and the evolution of intelligence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNally, Luke; Brown, Sam P; Jackson, Andrew L

    2012-08-01

    The high levels of intelligence seen in humans, other primates, certain cetaceans and birds remain a major puzzle for evolutionary biologists, anthropologists and psychologists. It has long been held that social interactions provide the selection pressures necessary for the evolution of advanced cognitive abilities (the 'social intelligence hypothesis'), and in recent years decision-making in the context of cooperative social interactions has been conjectured to be of particular importance. Here we use an artificial neural network model to show that selection for efficient decision-making in cooperative dilemmas can give rise to selection pressures for greater cognitive abilities, and that intelligent strategies can themselves select for greater intelligence, leading to a Machiavellian arms race. Our results provide mechanistic support for the social intelligence hypothesis, highlight the potential importance of cooperative behaviour in the evolution of intelligence and may help us to explain the distribution of cooperation with intelligence across taxa.

  8. Balance and predominant perspectives in the history of written culture: an approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Daniel Moncada Patiño

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects about the authors that are and will be paradigms in the historical studies about written culture. However, this article doesn't pretend to do an extensive analysis about them or their works. Therefore, the interest is to emphasize on the theorical and methodological perspectives of some of them, which are predominant in the new studies about written culture. Studies that show the complexity of the written culture as research matter are a mandatory and necessary homework to historians, literates, sociologists, anthropologists, librarians, among others, which initiated the study about this topic in Latin American context and whose monographic works have started a new historical stream in the region.

  9. Suicide and the afterlife: popular religion and the standardisation of 'culture' in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picone, Mary

    2012-06-01

    For an overwhelming majority of commentators, including many anthropologists, 'Japanese culture' is still associated with a positive view of suicide. Western-language writings have contributed by feedback loop to perpetuate this stereotype. Besides the local 'samurai ethic', Japanese Buddhism is also said not to prohibit taking one's life. However, the most popular examples of heroic self-sacrifice, from the Edo period to WWII, are fraught with covert contradictions. From ancient times to the present religious practitioners of all sorts have maintained that suicide creates unhappy, resentful spirits who harm the living. This article discusses many examples of a diverse series of narratives, from spirit medium's séances to drama to contemporary films, in which the anguished spirits of suicides are allowed to express themselves directly. After the figures rose alarmingly in the late 1990s various religious organisations have attempted to fight the stigma suffered by bereaved family members and have introduced new interpretations and new rituals.

  10. Magda Mateus Cardenas, director of Centro Amauta, Cusco, Peru: interview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweetman, C

    1997-02-01

    Magda Mateus Cardenas, trained as an anthropologist, is currently director of Centro Amauta, a feminist organization in Peru that addresses issues of gender, class, and culture. In this interview, Mateus Cardenas describes her long involvement with development organizations and grass-roots campaigns to improve women's status. She notes that, although many organizations have adopted a gender perspective, few comprehend its highly political, transformational aspects. Women's rights tend to be viewed by development agencies as just one more factor to be incorporated into development projects rather than as a perspective that changes views of development itself. A genuine gender perspective entails changes in the organizational, social, and political aspects of the themes of autonomy and empowerment, with adaptations of content and methods to local conditions. A precondition to women's emancipation is access to and control of financial and economic resources. This, in turn, requires training in technical skills and access to the marketplace on more competitive terms.

  11. A mother's heart is weighed down with stones: a phenomenological approach to the experience of transnational motherhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Sarah

    2009-03-01

    Although recent scholarship on transnational mothers has rigorously examined the effect of migration on gender constructs and ideologies, it neglects analysis of the lived experience of separated mothers and children. In privileging the exploration of transnational separations through the single analytical lens of gender, such research reduces the embodied distress of mothers and children to mere "gender false consciousness." This paper calls upon anthropologists to redress this oversight by undertaking a phenomenological analysis of the lived experience of transnational motherhood. Eschewing an analysis of mothers and children as isolated social roles, I show that the suffering of mothers and children is profoundly relational. Through analysis of the narratives of undocumented Salvadoran mothers residing in the U.S., I show how the strain of such mothers' undocumented status is lived and shouldered within the intersubjective space of the family.

  12. Three pioneers of comparative psychology in America, 1843-1890: Lewis H. Morgan, John Bascom, and Joseph LeConte.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Timothy D

    2003-02-01

    Scientific comparative psychology in America dates from the mid-1890s, but there is a body of earlier literature on the topic, written during a period of theistic debates over Darwinian evolution. The anthropologist Lewis H. Morgan rejected instinct as an explanation of animal behavior in 1843 and defended the mental similarities between animals and humans, although he was not an evolutionist. John Bascom's textbook Comparative Psychology (1878) is the earliest American work to use that title, and its theistic approach anticipates some arguments found in much later evolutionary works. Beginning in 1860, the geologist Joseph LeConte, who is well known for defending the compatibility of evolution and religion, wrote several articles in which he outlined a comparative evolutionary approach to psychological problems. However, these writers did not establish a coherent research tradition and were ignored by the "New Psychologists" of the 1880s.

  13. The use of an alternate light source for detecting bones underwater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Angi M; Horn, Kevin J; Smith, Victoria A

    2014-07-01

    When searching underwater crime scenes or disaster scenes for fragmentary human remains, it may be advantageous for forensic divers to be able to detect the presence of bones and teeth among other marine materials (such as shells and rocks). In terrestrial environments, this can typically be accomplished by visual and instrumental methods, but underwater conditions make it difficult to employ detection and sorting techniques in these environments. This study investigates fluorescence of bones and teeth and other marine materials using a submersible alternate light source (ALS) and concludes that an ALS can be a useful tool for detecting bones and teeth in underwater searches as well in terrestrial searches and laboratory environments. The results could impact the methods and equipment used by forensic divers and forensic anthropologists when searching for skeletal remains, potentially increasing the quantity and efficiency of forensic evidence recovered.

  14. The Evolutionary Biology of Ourselves Unit Requirements and Organizational Change in United States History

    CERN Document Server

    Lipo, C; Lipo, Carl; Madsen, Mark

    1999-01-01

    Researchers have proposed that the distinction between so-called "simple" and "complex" societies can be expressed by an increase in the number of levels at which functional organization, interaction, and thus selection, operate. In spite of the obvious links between this suggestion and research into complex social organization amongst insects and other social animals, the levels of selection model has seen little use among anthropologists. We suggest that the primary reason for lack of research into the evolutionary causes of social complexity has been the lack of descriptive units with which we can examine phenotypic variation and heritability of social organization above the level of the organism. The goal of our paper, therefore, is to begin constructing descriptive units which map to meaningful models of multi-level selection. In order to demonstrate how these units are useful in a real dataset, we examine the functional changes involved in the United States economy over the last 100 years, a period of t...

  15. Clinical Simulation: For What and How Can It Be Used in Design and Evaluation of Health IT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Sanne

    2015-01-01

    The usability of health information technology (IT) is increasingly recognized as critically important to the development of systems that are both safe to use and acceptable to end-users. The substantial complexity of organizations, work practice and physical environments within the healthcare...... sector influences the development and application of health IT. When health IT is introduced in local clinical work practices, potential patient safety hazards and insufficient support of work practices need to be examined. Qualitative methods, such as clinical simulation, may be used to support Techno......-Anthropologists design and evaluate new technology navigating in the intersection between people and technology and between various interests in forms of experts and stakeholders. This chapter will introduce the reader to clinical simulation, present the general guidelines and recommendation conducting simulations...

  16. The effects of different maceration techniques on nuclear DNA amplification using human bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Esther J; Luedtke, Jennifer G; Allison, Jamie L; Arber, Carolyn E; Merriwether, D Andrew; Steadman, Dawnie Wolfe

    2010-07-01

    Forensic anthropologists routinely macerate human bone for the purposes of identity and trauma analysis, but the heat and chemical treatments used can destroy genetic evidence. As a follow-up to a previous study on nuclear DNA recovery that used pig ribs, this study utilizes human skeletal remains treated with various bone maceration techniques for nuclear DNA amplification using the standard Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) markers. DNA was extracted from 18 samples of human lower leg bones subjected to nine chemical and heat maceration techniques. Genotyping was carried out using the AmpFlSTR COfiler and AmpFlSTR Profiler Plus ID kits. Results showed that heat treatments via microwave or Biz/Na(2)CO(3) in sub-boiling water efficiently macerate bone and produce amplifiable nuclear DNA for genetic analysis. Long-term use of chemicals such as hydrogen peroxide is discouraged as it results in poor bone quality and has deleterious effects on DNA amplification.

  17. On call Ethnography, Situational Ethics and Shared Vulnerability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anja Marie Bornø

    could not be revealed to families still hoping for the survival of their loved one. The paper will discuss how to navigate such difficult ethical terrains using your informants, in this case doctors, nurses and donor families as advisors. Inspired by these premises for researching death regarding organ...... of practicing anthropology in the presence of sudden tragic deaths. Observing organ donation practices and family conversations on organ donation entails 3 being available 24/7 ready to travel to the hospital whenever such cases happen. The unpredictability of such research endeavors challenges the boundaries...... position of the anthropologist and the personal vulnerability of the researcher are one of the most powerful tools for investigating death issues when daring to share such emotions with your informants and your colleagues....

  18. An epidemiological description of a folk illness: a study of empacho in Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weller, S C; Ruebush, T K; Klein, R E

    1991-06-01

    Although anthropologists have provided descriptions of many folk illnesses, few have systematically evaluated their prevalence and determined who is at greatest risk for acquiring them. This report attempts to provide a systematic description of the folk illness empacho including the symptoms that define it. Illness prevalence was estimated and subpopulations at greatest risk were identified from illness histories collected from a random sample of households in rural Guatemala. Empacho was found to constitute a distinct cluster of symptoms: diarrhea, vomiting, headache, and lack of appetite. It differed from other gastrointestinal illnesses in that headaches were more likely and stomachaches were less likely to be reported. Empacho was highly prevalent and occurred in adults and children. Further, results showed that although empacho was frequently diagnosed by residents, folk healers were rarely consulted for any illness. Nevertheless, a strong association exists between a household diagnosis of empacho and the use of folk healers by those households (p less than .001).

  19. Social scientists in public health: a fuzzy approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    do Nascimento, Juliana Luporini; Stephan, Celso; Nunes, Everardo Duarte

    2015-05-01

    This study aims to describe and analyze the presence of social scientists, anthropologists, sociologists and political scientists in the field of public health. A survey by the Lattes Curriculum and sites of Medical Colleges, Institutes of Health Research Collective, seeking professionals who work in healthcare and have done some stage of their training in the areas of social sciences. In confluence with Norbert Elias' concepts of social networks and configuration of interdependence it was used fuzzy logic, and the tool free statistical software R version 2.12.0 which enabled a graphic representation of social scientists interdependence in the field of social sciences-health-social sciences. A total of 238 professionals were ready in 6 distinct clusters according to the distance or closer of each professional in relation to public health and social sciences. The work was shown with great analytical and graphical representation possibilities for social sciences of health, in using this innovative quantitative methodology.

  20. Social scientists in public health: a fuzzy approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Luporini do Nascimento

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe and analyze the presence of social scientists, anthropologists, sociologists and political scientists in the field of public health. A survey by the Lattes Curriculum and sites of Medical Colleges, Institutes of Health Research Collective, seeking professionals who work in healthcare and have done some stage of their training in the areas of social sciences. In confluence with Norbert Elias' concepts of social networks and configuration of interdependence it was used fuzzy logic, and the tool free statistical software R version 2.12.0 which enabled a graphic representation of social scientists interdependence in the field of social sciences-health-social sciences. A total of 238 professionals were ready in 6 distinct clusters according to the distance or closer of each professional in relation to public health and social sciences. The work was shown with great analytical and graphical representation possibilities for social sciences of health, in using this innovative quantitative methodology.

  1. Scanning electron microscopy analysis of experimental bone hacking trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alunni-Perret, Veronique; Muller-Bolla, Michèle; Laugier, Jean-Pierre; Lupi-Pégurier, Laurence; Bertrand, Marie-France; Staccini, Pascal; Bolla, Marc; Quatrehomme, Gérald

    2005-07-01

    The authors report on their macro- and microscopy study of bone lesions made by a sharp force instrument (a single blade knife), and a sharp-blunt instrument classified as a chopping weapon (a hatchet). The aim of this work was to attempt to identify the instrument by analyzing the general class characteristics of the cuts. Each weapon was used on human bones. The results indicate that macroscopic analysis is more problematic. The microscopic analysis assessed that characteristics examined were effective in distinguishing sharp from sharp-blunt injury to the bone. The microscope facilitates analysis unachievable with macroscopic methods, some three-dimensional characteristics not visible to the naked eye being clearly defined with its use. Emphasis has been placed on the value of SEM as an anthropologist's tool in bone lesion injuries.

  2. Troubling objectivity: the promises and pitfalls of training Haitian clinicians in qualitative research methods.H.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minn, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Building research capacity is a central component of many contemporary global health programs and partnerships. While medical anthropologists have been conducting qualitative research in resource-poor settings for decades, they are increasingly called on to train "local" clinicians, researchers, and students in qualitative research methods. In this article, I describe the process of teaching introductory courses in qualitative research methods to Haitian clinicians, hospital staff, and medical students, who rarely encounter qualitative research in their training or practice. These trainings allow participants to identify and begin to address challenges related to health services delivery, quality of care, and provider-patient relations. However, they also run the risk of perpetuating colonial legacies of objectification and reinforcing hierarchies of knowledge and knowledge production. As these trainings increase in number and scope, they offer the opportunity to reflect critically on new forms of transnational interventions that aim to reduce health disparities.

  3. Antropologia e história social da cultura: etnografia e fontes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloisa Pontes

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Science of symbolic forms and foundations of social life, anthropology cannot give up to analyze art and other specialized fields of cultural production, this is the message conveyed by recent studies authored by anthropologists dealing with this universe, as well as those written by historians and sociologists who pay attention to the connections between culture, power and symbolism. Auerbach, Becker, Baxandall, Bourdieu, Geertz, Gell, Goody, Elias, Miceli, Schorske, Williams and Beatriz Sarlo: an impressive roster of authors who have been dealing, through creative insights, with the challenges concerning the autonomy and dependence of symbolic systems. Those specialists did not hesitate about the importance of including intellectual life, cultural production, art worlds and their practitioners, as legitimate anthropological objects. Other scholars have emphasized the links between language, social processes and ethnography, as well as those social and symbolic arrangements translated within the oral and written sources, the main subject of this article.

  4. The ecological and evolutionary energetics of hunter-gatherer residential mobility

    CERN Document Server

    Hamilton, Marcus J; Rupley, Eric; Youn, Hyejin; West, Geoffrey B

    2016-01-01

    Residential mobility is deeply entangled with all aspects of hunter-gatherer life ways, and is therefore an issue of central importance in hunter-gatherer studies. Hunter-gatherers vary widely in annual rates of residential mobility, and understanding the sources of this variation has long been of interest to anthropologists and archaeologists. Since mobility is, to a large extent, driven by the need for a continuous supply of food, a natural framework for addressing this question is provided by the metabolic theory of ecology. This provides a powerful framework for formulating formal testable hypotheses concerning evolutionary and ecological constraints on the scale and variation of hunter-gatherer residential mobility. We evaluate these predictions using extant data and show strong support for the hypotheses. We show that the overall scale of hunter-gatherer residential mobility is predicted by average human body size, and the limited capacity of mobile hunter-gatherers to store energy internally. We then s...

  5. Half full or half empty? Shelter after the Jogjakarta earthquake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacRae, Graeme; Hodgkin, David

    2011-01-01

    The international shelter response to the Jogjakarta earthquake in Indonesia in May 2006 is widely regarded as a success story, especially when compared with the response to the Indian Ocean tsunami 16 months earlier. This evaluation is largely in terms of the international aid system itself, which emphasises statistical measures of 'success' and internal coordination and efficiency. From the perspective of those closer to the ground, however, it was less successful, especially in terms of coordination and communication with and participation of local agencies and affected communities. This paper, by an aid worker resident in Jogjakarta and an anthropologist, examines the response from a perspective grounded both within and outside the aid system, local as well as global. It recognises the relative success of the response, but argues for an approach more grounded in local knowledge and responsive to local concerns, while also providing practical suggestions for improvement.

  6. Communicating biosecurity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, Charles L

    2011-01-01

    Shifting from risk-calculation orientations focusing on populations to preparedness perspectives that model uncertainty through scenario-based projections, biosecurity debates redefined notions of "health" and "security." Nevertheless, a key focus of biosecurity discussions--the domain labeled "communication"--has not been fundamentally rethought, even as it has expanded and professionalized. Bracketing preconceived ideas about the term's content, the article traces debates about biosecurity "communication" from the 1990s to the present, drawing on ethnography and textual analysis. Using a notion of biocommunicability, the cultural modeling of how discourse is produced, circulates, and is received, the article analyzes assumptions regarding subjects, subject-positions, objects, spatializing and temporalizing practices, scales, economies of affect, and regimes of ethics that are built into discourse about "communication." Ironically, the conviction that "communication" is of marginal importance as a focus of critical inquiry, seemingly shared by most medical anthropologists, enables these assumptions to fundamentally shape discussions of biosecurity and emergency management.

  7. Il futuro dei Comuni minori. Etnografia di una trasformazione in corso - The future of small municipalities in Italy: Ethnography of a social and institutional change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele F. Fontefrancesco

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available What is the future for Italian inner areas? The article answers to this question by exploring the ongoing institutional and social transformations in a small municipality in North-Western Italy. This ethnography is based on the information gathered in the dual role of elected civil servant and anthropologist involved in the field for over a decade. The article reads abandonment, marginality, new forms of entrepreneurship and tourisms as elements of a paradoxical dynamic: while it is increasingly difficult for villagers to get access to the services offered in the cities, urban dwellers are getting more and more interested into the traditions and products made in the rural areas. This paradox of distance foreshadows the future of small municipalities; a time in which vital towns could become little more than ethnic zoos for the anthropological curiosity of city inhabitants.

  8. The Allison V. Armour / William Henry Holmes 1895 Expedition to Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warren Haskin

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available The foundation of the Field Museum's reputation as a place where serious science is practiced was laid by Allison V. Armour and William Henry Holmes in 1895, a little more than a year after the Museum was established. Looking back after a career of almost 60 years as an anthropologist, and having twice been honored as the outstanding practitioner in the field, Holmes described the trip to Mexico (the only expedition he led during his brief tenure as the Museum's first Curator of An­thropology as "one of the most gratifying and important events of my life." It was also one of the most important events in the history of anthropology at the Museum.

  9. Translation as Critique of “Cultural Sameness”: Ricoeur, Luther and the Practice of Translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Gamborg Lillebø

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses translation as a critical approach to how we see culture. According to the anthropologist Marianne Gullestad culture is part of mechanism of exclusion when it is linked to identity or “sameness”. Belonging to the same culture becomes a criterion for being included into a society, whereas having a different cultural belonging is a criterion for exclusion. Culture is thus placed within an oppositional logic of same-different. By seeing a parallel between languages and cultures, translation indicates another kind of thinking which is not based on this oppositional logic and hence question the reason for exclusion and inclusion. By the help of philosopher Paul Ricoeur the article looks at Martin Luther’s translation of the Bible in the 16th century as an example of how to avoid seeing linguistic sameness and difference as the only point of departure for thinking relations between languages, and analogically speaking: relations between cultures.

  10. Fisiologia del gesto. Fonti warburghiane del concetto di Pathosformel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Murano

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the nineteenth-century notions of expression and mimicry in natural science. It will focus especially on Aby Warburg's concept of Pathosformel. My archival research at the Warburg Institute in London showed that Warburg was interested in Paolo Mantegazza’s theories about mimicry and expression (1831-1910. A prominent physician and anthropologist, Mantegazza developed the views that Charles Darwin expressed in his work The expression of the emotions in man and animals (1872. In this paper I will explore how mimicry can perform an expressive and a physical function at the same time: gestural forms reflect a primitive disposition of the relation between man and world and represent the deepest layer of communication. I will show how the body can be considered as a metaphor of this early bond.

  11. Computational approaches to analogical reasoning current trends

    CERN Document Server

    Richard, Gilles

    2014-01-01

    Analogical reasoning is known as a powerful mode for drawing plausible conclusions and solving problems. It has been the topic of a huge number of works by philosophers, anthropologists, linguists, psychologists, and computer scientists. As such, it has been early studied in artificial intelligence, with a particular renewal of interest in the last decade. The present volume provides a structured view of current research trends on computational approaches to analogical reasoning. It starts with an overview of the field, with an extensive bibliography. The 14 collected contributions cover a large scope of issues. First, the use of analogical proportions and analogies is explained and discussed in various natural language processing problems, as well as in automated deduction. Then, different formal frameworks for handling analogies are presented, dealing with case-based reasoning, heuristic-driven theory projection, commonsense reasoning about incomplete rule bases, logical proportions induced by similarity an...

  12. Liminality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    In this paper I argue that the very notion of crisis – in its social, political and economic dimensions – can best be captured with a term developed by anthropologists in their comparative study of ritual forms: liminality. Liminality was first introduced into the social sciences by the French...... are removed from previous structures, identities and ontological certainties, pushed to the edge, with no easily defined certainties on the immediate horizon - a genuine limbo fueled with anxiety but also a situation of pure potentiality, fostering creativity. While stemming from human experiences...... of circumscribed ritual passages (such as the ones undergone by a boy in his passage to manhood), it will be argued that exactly such liminal figurations can illuminate the way in which larger groups or even civilizations live through a crisis and seek to react to it - sometimes exacerbating the problems addressed...

  13. Obstetrical violence: activism on social networkin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia Hecker Luz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal birth in contemporaneity is discussed and the three models of birth care are presented, accordingly to categorization proposed by the north-American anthropologist Davis-Floyd, pointing out the consequences of the technocratic model, which has become hegemonic in contemporary societies, naturalizing obstetrical violence. The problematic is contextualized to Brazilian reality, with the analyses of the blog Cientista que virou mãe making it evident that Brazilian women on social media are articulating themselves in order to defend and give visibility to initiatives of natural and humanized birth, acting against obstetrical violence. It is concluded that Internet tools have allowed a pioneer mobilization in respecting women’s reproductive rights in Brazil, turning blogs into a potential hegemonic alternative way to reach more democratic forms of social organization. In addition to denaturalize the obstetrical violence, the bloggers also act aiming to pave the way for the humanistic approach and to motivate planned home birth initiatives.

  14. Anthropology of health in Brazil: a border discourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langdon, Esther Jean; Follér, Maj-Lis

    2012-01-01

    This article traces the development of anthropological research on health in Brazil in light of discussions on modernity/coloniality and world anthropologies. Originating in the 1970s, stimulated by external and internal pressures for scientific production and along with the expansion of graduate programs, a network of anthropologists has consolidated and multiplied in Brazil. We describe the development of research groups, meetings, and publications in order to characterize Brazilian anthropology of health as a research program that distinguishes itself from North Atlantic medical anthropology. We examine the visibility and circulation of references in academic publications to explore the participation of Brazilians in the global discourse and, more specifically, in the North-South dialogue. From a comparative perspective, we argue that anthropological investigations of health reflect a perspective and ethos distinctive to Brazil and its historical and political processes.

  15. "I Don't Know the Words He Uses": Therapeutic Communication among Q'eqchi Maya Healers and Their Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldram, James B

    2015-09-01

    Traditional or indigenous healing is often assumed to involve rich forms of dialogical and symbolic communication between healer and patient that serve to explain its salience and efficacy. An ethnographic study of Q'eqchi Maya healing in Belize suggests, however, that communication in some forms of indigenous healing may also be minimal and peripheral to treatment and more akin to that of biomedicine than so-called traditional medicine. While communication may still involve symbolic, intercorporeal, and other forms of subtle intersubjective connection, anthropologists often overreach in an effort to portray such healing systems in contradistinction to biomedicine. It is argued here that Q'eqchi healing might best be thought of as a form of empirically based restorative medicine in which communication is purely instrumental to the healer's task of diagnosing and eliminating pathology and restoring the health of the patient.

  16. Review of corruption in the health sector: theory, methods and interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vian, Taryn

    2008-03-01

    There is increasing interest among health policymakers, planners and donors in how corruption affects health care access and outcomes, and what can be done to combat corruption in the health sector. Efforts to explain the risk of abuse of entrusted power for private gain have examined the links between corruption and various aspects of management, financing and governance. Behavioural scientists and anthropologists also point to individual and social characteristics which influence the behaviour of government agents and clients. This article presents a comprehensive framework and a set of methodologies for describing and measuring how opportunities, pressures and rationalizations influence corruption in the health sector. The article discusses implications for intervention, and presents examples of how theory has been applied in research and practice. Challenges of tailoring anti-corruption strategies to particular contexts, and future directions for research, are addressed.

  17. Focus: Global histories of science. Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivasundaram, Sujit

    2010-03-01

    An interest in global histories of science is not new. Yet the project envisioned by this Focus section is different from that pursued by natural historians and natural philosophers in the early modern age. Instead of tracing universal patterns, there is value in attending to the connections and disconnections of science on the global stage. Instead of assuming the precision of science's boundaries, historians might consider the categories of "science" and "indigenous knowledge" to have emerged from globalization. New global histories of science will be characterized by critical reflection on the limits of generalization, as well as a creative adoption of new sources, methods, and chronologies, in an attempt to decenter the European history of science. Such a project holds the promise of opening up new conversations between historians, anthropologists, philosophers, and sociologists of science. It is of critical importance if the discipline is not to fragment into regional and national subfields or become dominated by structural frameworks such as imperialism.

  18. Listmania. How lists can open up fresh possibilities for research in the history of science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delbourgo, James; Müller-Wille, Staffan

    2012-12-01

    Anthropologists, linguists, cultural historians, and literary scholars have long emphasized the value of examining writing as a material practice and have often invoked the list as a paradigmatic example thereof. This Focus section explores how lists can open up fresh possibilities for research in the history of science. Drawing on examples from the early modern period, the contributors argue that attention to practices of list making reveals important relations between mercantile, administrative, and scientific attempts to organize the contents of the world. Early modern lists projected both spatial and temporal visions of nature: they inventoried objects in the process of exchange and collection; they projected possible trajectories for future endeavor; they publicized the social identities of scientific practitioners; and they became research tools that transformed understandings of the natural order.

  19. The Land of Prehistory: A Critical History of American Archaeology. Alice Beck Kehoe. Routledge. New York

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David L. Browman

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available This book is a very difficult work to read dispassionately, for a variety of reasons, such as difficulties the reader may have with a rather convoluted discussion of Daniel Wilson and the Scottish enlightenment, the categorization of many practicing archaeologists as "petrified puddle ducks", after a term borrowed from Waiter Taylor. and taking a leaf from Taylor, utilization of the term "critical" primarily as "criticism", so that almost no current significant practicing archaeologist in North America comes out unscathed. The term puddle ducks" was employed in several places. Perhaps the strongest usage when Kehoe states (p. 183 that "Compared to the political sophistication displayed by so many social anthropologists, mainstream American archaeologists have been petrified puddle ducks." The term "petrified puddle ducks" had a nice ring to it but I confess I did not remember the context that Taylor employed it in, so I repaired to the vol­ume to re-educate myself.

  20. Comparative Nivkh Dictionary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fortescue, Michael David

    This dictionary undertakes to reconstruct the lexis and morphology of the Nivkh proto-language by marshaling and organizing all the data available in published form on the contemporary dialects. It builds upon a considerable body of descriptive and comparative work carried out by scholars who have...... is considerable. Mutual understanding between speakers of the Amur dialect and the East Sakhalin one is low, and still lower between the Amur and the South Sakhalin dialects, all three of which may in fact be regarded as separate languages. The relationship of Nivkh to anything else either in Asia or the New...... World is a subject of continuing interest to both linguists and anthropologists. The dictionary does not address this question directly. Reconstructing the proto-language is an essential step, however, to any further comparative work – in particular to sorting out the relationship between Nivkh...