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Sample records for anthropologist didier fassin

  1. Didier Chanat 1959-2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Didier CHANAT on 05.09.2007. Mr Didier CHANAT, born on 27.05.1959, worked in the AT Department and had been employed at CERN since 01.06.1992. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN staff. Social affairs

  2. Didier Chanat (1959-2007)

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Didier CHANAT on 05.09.2007. Mr Didier CHANAT, born on 27.05.1959, worked in the AT Department and had been employed at CERN since 01.06.1992. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN staff. Social Affairs Tribute to Didier Chanat With a higher technical diploma and a specialisation in electrical engineering, Didier began his professional life at the CEA (France) in 1986. From then until 1990 he took part in developing control and supervision systems for the various Tore Supra tokamak systems at Cadarache, then in operating and upgrading the entire machine. From 1990 to 1992, Didier was a member of the Tore Supra Cryogenics Group, where he was responsible for operating and maintaining the cryogenic system. It was at this time that he developed an interest in cryogenics which was to remain the linchpin of the rest of his career...

  3. Privilegiets problem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharma, Devika

    2013-01-01

    In this article I explore a contemporary structure of feeling closely but ambivalently related to what moral anthropologist Didier Fassin has termed ”humanitarian reason”. I label this specific affective disposition ‘the predicament of privilege’. In the first part of the article I relate the pre...... pertaining to being globally privileged: sentiments such as boredom, indifference, compassion fatigue, cynicism, bad conscience and sheer reluctance to engage emotionally in the ethical claims made on us....

  4. The Kansas Anthropologist Reminlscence Project for Senior Plains Anthropologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlin F. Hawley

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations, ask thy father and he will show thee, thy elders, and they will tell thee. Deuteronomy 32: 7. For the past six years, 'The Kansas Anthropologist' has published an ongoing series of reminiscences or retrospective articles by senior Great Plains archaeologists. The aim of the project is to collect reminiscences from senior anthro­pologists regarding their experiences in pre-and post-World War II Plains archaeology, biological anthropology, and ethnology. The historian John Lukacs (1966:x once offered an elegant and concise comment on the value of history, one that I offer here: "I believe that history, as a form of thought, is one of the most precious and perhaps unique rational posssessions of Western civilizations. The character of a person may appear best from the reconstruc­tion of the history of his life; the same is true of the character of nations. The very history of a prob­lem may reveal its essential diagnosis. There is no human endeavor that may not be approached and studied profitably through its history." Fortunately, there hardly needs to be a justification anymore for such a project, as is attested by the recent prolifera­tion of research into the history of archaeology and anthropology on virtually a global scale.The intention of these retrospective articles is not to explore or diagnose any particular problem but rather to create a mosaic of first person narrratives informed by personal experience and illustrated with photos and anecdotes to illuminate the development of Plains anthropology in the 20th Century.

  5. Tooth wear: the view of the anthropologist

    OpenAIRE

    John A. Kaidonis

    2007-01-01

    Anthropologists have for many years considered human tooth wear a normal physiological phenomenon where teeth, although worn, remain functional throughout life. Wear was considered pathological only if pulpal exposure or premature tooth loss occurred. In addition, adaptive changes to the stomatognathic system in response to wear have been reported including continual eruption, the widening of the masticatory cycle, remodelling of the temporomandibular joint and the shortening of the dental ar...

  6. AnthroSource: Designing a portal for anthropologists

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Michael; Chu, Melody; Khan, Shiraz; Lai, John; Lao, Elsy; Nardi, Bonnie

    2004-01-01

    This paper investigates the information needs of anthropologists to inform the design of a portal, AnthroSource. AnthroSource will digitize the publications of the American Anthropological Association and provide services for anthropologists and others who use anthropological materials.

  7. Tooth wear: the view of the anthropologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaidonis, John A

    2008-03-01

    Anthropologists have for many years considered human tooth wear a normal physiological phenomenon where teeth, although worn, remain functional throughout life. Wear was considered pathological only if pulpal exposure or premature tooth loss occurred. In addition, adaptive changes to the stomatognathic system in response to wear have been reported including continual eruption, the widening of the masticatory cycle, remodelling of the temporomandibular joint and the shortening of the dental arches from tooth migration. Comparative studies of many different species have also documented these physiological processes supporting the idea of perpetual change over time. In particular, differential wear between enamel and dentine was considered a physiological process relating to the evolution of the form and function of teeth. Although evidence of attrition and abrasion has been known to exist among hunter-gatherer populations for many thousands of years, the prevalence of erosion in such early populations seems insignificant. In particular, non-carious cervical lesions to date have not been observed within these populations and therefore should be viewed as 'modern-day' pathology. Extrapolating this anthropological perspective to the clinical setting has merits, particularly in the prevention of pre-mature unnecessary treatment. PMID:17938977

  8. For the Bicultural Happy Few Only: Didier Coste’s Days in Sydney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helene Jaccomard

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Written by Didier Coste, a French essayist, translator and academic who worked for some years in Australia, Days in Sydney is a unique bilingual novel. Instead of the accepted custom of the original text printed on the opposite page of its translation Days in Sydney contains no translation. It alternates French and English in a seamless fashion that is the antithesis of the conventions of bilingual texts, resulting in a truly heteroglossic text, elliptical in its construction as it meanders between two languages and two main characters. In the publication announcement Didier Coste stated that this unusual book was the result of an ‘nécessité esthétique et une certaine idée de la bi-culture’ aimed at ‘le petit cercle des bilingues d'Australie’. Alongside his creative output Coste has published scholarly works since the late 1980s up to 2004. In English. By examining the principles and practice of heteroglossia and by drawing on one of Coste’s recent academic article, this paper explores the twin notions of ‘nécessité esthétique”, and ‘bi-cultural’ readership to account for the (not so global space between two languages and cultures Days in Sydney occupies.

  9. BETWEEN THE MUSIC AND THE MYTH: THE TRAGIC VOICE OF DIONYSUS A JOURNEY THROUGH THE ALAIN DIDIER-WEILL'S INVOCATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Portes de Castro

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the Alain Didier-Weill's production, we attempt to perceive the interlacement between Apollo and Dionysus in the core of the greek tragedy, situated in the transition between the dithyrambic ritual and the polis. Therefore, considering the Oedipus myth, we try to apprehend the relation of the song with what, in psychoanalysis, was named Feminine

  10. Anthropology with an Agenda: Four Forgotten Dance Anthropologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Katrina

    2010-01-01

    In response to postcolonial, feminist and subaltern critiques of anthropology, this article seeks to answer the question, "For whom should research be conducted, and by whom should it be used?" by examining the lives and works of four female dance anthropologists. Franziska Boas, Zora Neale Hurston, Katherine Dunham and Pearl Primus used…

  11. Philippe Didier, secrétaire général du CNRS, 1983-1989

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    De 1983 à 1989, Philippe Didier a été le secrétaire général du CNRS auprès de Pierre Papon, puis de Serge Feneuille et de François Kourilsky. Dans la foulée du colloque de 2004 consacré au CNRS dans les années 1980, il a accepté d’évoquer son parcours au sein de l’établissement devant les membres du Comité pour l’histoire du CNRS. Notre revue, publie dans ce numéro quelques extraits de cet entretien, dont l’intégralité est conservée par le Comité pour l’histoire. L’occasion de revenir sur six...

  12. THE CONCEPTION OF THE I INDIGENOUS POETICS LITERARY PARTY BY AN ANTHROPOLOGIST-WRITER

    OpenAIRE

    Deborah Goldemberg

    2009-01-01

    Adopting the interpretative anthropology approach, the text narrates the experience of an anthropologist-writer in contact with the universe of Brazilian indigenous literature and poetry, which inspired her to conception of the I Recital of the Indigenous Poetics of the Casa das Rosas, as an event to assemble Indians, indigenous and indianist writers from different backgrounds, both classic and contemporary. It discusses the issue of the social function of poetry & prose and it...

  13. "Islam" In the Anti-Multicultural Rhetoric of Western European Politicians and Anthropologists: Congruence or Coincidence?

    OpenAIRE

    Marko Pišev; Miloš Milenković

    2016-01-01

    The recent rhetoric of the "end" or "failure" of multiculturalism in Europe and beyond came as no surprise to anthropologists. Moreover, the statements made by leading politicians of key European economies seem as though they are based on the decades old anthropological critique of the consequences of the failed implementation of multicultural policies in Europe and on the global level. It is as though the messages we have been getting over the course of the last few years – that multicultura...

  14. Sharing data and results with study participants: report on a survey of cultural anthropologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Matthew

    2008-12-01

    A FIRST-EVER SURVEY of cultural anthropologists was conducted concerning the sharing of data, interpretations, and results with study participants. Briefly summarized, the study showed that almost all of the survey respondents had shared data or results with participants and almost all found this to be a positive experience. They had carried out research in many countries, some over long periods of time, and many had completed several field projects. Most believe that researchers, either alone or in consultation with participants and their groups, should decide whether, when, and what to share. Anthropologists find that sharing produces many benefits, for themselves as individuals and as researchers, for individual participants, and for the communities, groups, or institutions to which the latter belong. The perceived harms that might result from sharing have to do particularly with potential threats to privacy, confidentiality or anonymity, as well as the possibilities of social conflict and oppression. Thus, researchers have serious concerns about the sharing of certain kinds of data that might lead to such consequences. While many or most respondents think that sharing is the ethically proper course of action, they are very aware of the complexities of particular situations and the need for nuanced decision making. Most think that the researcher should play a major role in deciding whether sharing should take place and what should be shared. Hence, for these cultural anthropologists, in the end, sharing requires trying to balance the good of sharing with the good of doing no harm to those with whom they have done research. PMID:19385754

  15. An Engineer, an Architect, and an Anthropologist Walk into a Conference Room...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiken, Jo

    2016-01-01

    Ethnographers are urged to "be there", in the field, in order to gain insight about a particular culture. When the field is unreachable, or does not yet exist, the applied anthropologist must adapt their methods accordingly while maintaining the integrity of their research. The space industry presents a unique case study for such a dilemma. Drawing on Bourdieu's 1977 reflection on the structural constraints and the forming of unconscious schemes of thought imposed by the material world on the body, this paper considers the effect of the presence and absence of place in applied, collaborative anthropological work.

  16. Narrative Online and Offline spaces. Field Notes from the Becoming of an Anthropologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Florea

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available To look back and reflect upon past field diaries, field encounters and events is the invitation of this paper, constructed both as a research note and as a personal research story. The invitation isaddressed especially to young anthropologists. The paper recalls and re-analyses data from three past online fields – one interactive website calling itself the “Romanian online community in Vancouver”, one online forum entitled the “Indian online community in Germany”, and the real-time communication portal Yahoo Messenger. It highlights the out-of-the-ordinary events recorded on each field, which illustrate complex relationships between the online and offline worlds. Further interpreting the fields as what contemporary American anthropologist Timothy Simpson, following Richard Sennett, calls “narrative spaces”, I hope to reveal more of the social construction of these virtual spaces. The main hypothesis to be explored and proposed for further debate are 1 that interactive virtual spaces develop as narrative spaces, around the frame-story offered by theirinitiators and 2 that narratives are continuously transcending different online and offline spaces, connecting them, while being continuously re-negotiated and re-told.

  17. Techno-Anthropologists as Change Agents: A case in health informatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Lone Stub

    2015-01-01

    Studying technology will often involve studying change - or in the perspective of this chapter should involve not just studying but also actively being involved with change. Your presence and the questions you ask shape the way people think and act and on the other hand their responses and your study of practice change the researchers perspective. For Techno-Anthropologist, this means that asking in specific ways about technology and having a focus on technology in the data collection and fieldwork will (should) influence what they see, the data they collect and their analysis - and also the way the informants think and the way people talk about practice and technology. The Techno-Anthropological researcher should be aware and actively use the potential for change in the empirical study of technology. In this chapter I exemplify and examine how and why change can be embraced and seen as an integral part of Techno-Anthropological studies in Health Informatics and beyond. This statement is supported through reflections on empirical examples, qualitative methods, and ethical and philosophical considerations on research and change. The chapter concludes that Techno-Anthropologists should actively consider and engage in the potential for change of the empirical studies of technology. PMID:26249196

  18. "Islam" In the Anti-Multicultural Rhetoric of Western European Politicians and Anthropologists: Congruence or Coincidence?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Pišev

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The recent rhetoric of the "end" or "failure" of multiculturalism in Europe and beyond came as no surprise to anthropologists. Moreover, the statements made by leading politicians of key European economies seem as though they are based on the decades old anthropological critique of the consequences of the failed implementation of multicultural policies in Europe and on the global level. It is as though the messages we have been getting over the course of the last few years – that multicultural policies are contraindicated, that they weaken the contacts between cultures, rob individuals of the right to change and chose their identities and strengthen intra-cultural mediators of power, with patriarchy, violence against women and children, leaving school, religious fundamentalism and even terrorism as main consequences – are being read by politicians from anthropological analyses of abuses of collective "cultural" rights. The paper considers the nature of this similarity between the discourse of politicians and anthropologists with a special emphasis on the status of "Islam" in them, and discusses whether it is congruence or mere coincidence of stances toward minorities, immigrants and cultural differences, as toward the regulations which were tasked with protecting this diversity as a fundamental European value which today, at least at the rhetorical level, seems to be fading.

  19. THE CONCEPTION OF THE I INDIGENOUS POETICS LITERARY PARTY BY AN ANTHROPOLOGIST-WRITER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah Goldemberg

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Adopting the interpretative anthropology approach, the text narrates the experience of an anthropologist-writer in contact with the universe of Brazilian indigenous literature and poetry, which inspired her to conception of the I Recital of the Indigenous Poetics of the Casa das Rosas, as an event to assemble Indians, indigenous and indianist writers from different backgrounds, both classic and contemporary. It discusses the issue of the social function of poetry & prose and its independence from cultural context and concludes for talking of “poetics”, because the event will not host on one only poetic, western Aristotelean poetic, but the diversity that inhabits oral history and indigenous rituals, whether elaborated or not, which have in common the inventiveness and enchantment with words and their possibilities.

  20. The Medical Anthropologist as the Patient: Developing Research Questions on Hospital Food in Japan through Auto-Ethnography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Runestad

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available I was an inpatient at a small maternity clinic in Japan in 2012–13 and found it impossible to separate the way I experienced medical care and my training as a medical anthropologist. As I was encouraged to eat and monitor my weight so that I would “grow” a healthy baby, I recalled how interviewees from my HIV/AIDS project described nourishing their bodies so they could fight disease. Because of my experience in the healthcare system in Japan, I ended up reframing my data to add questions about the role of hospital food in patient care. Meanwhile, I developed the social networks necessary to execute a new project, which I would later undertake. In this essay I argue that medical anthropologists working from a phenomenological perspective may regard their own bodies as assets rather than hindrances in research, and that because bodies are gendered, focusing on this facet of habitus can be particularly informative. I also illustrate how systematic reflection on personal experience in the field (autoethnography aids in the development of research questions and reframing data. Finally, I discuss how highlighting these steps in research methods courses can demystify the research process for students.

  1. Frederick Damon's Study on Anthropology---An Interview with Anthropologist, Professor Frederick Damon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FREDERICK Damon(Interviewee); BIAN Simei(Interviewer); JIN Jing(Transcriber)

    2014-01-01

    Dr.Bian Simei conducted an inter-view with Professor Frederick Damon of the Univer-sity of Virginia in 2012.Their discussions focused on Professor Damon's anthropological fieldwork ex-periences on the islands that make up the Kula Ring, and his new fieldwork spot-Fujian, China. Professor Damon started to do his ethnographic re-search on an island in the South Pacific based on the presumption that people understood the island as a body , and later he shifted to the study of trees.This is because he came to know that trees were very important for the Muyuw people .In July 1996, Professor Damon started to combine his re-search of trees with the research of boats .This was because he came to understand that the most impor-tant trees for the most import boats came from the relationship between people's gardens and forests . The trees were personified by the local people , and the Muyuw people had their own way to distinguish the trees as female or male .The Muyuw people al-so have their own classificatory system , and there are always analogies between sets of things that are related.In order to acquire more knowledge about trees, Professor Damon also interacted with scien-tists during his process of doing research , including geochemists .Although one of the things Professor Damon was involved with during the 1980 s post-modernism and the critique of western science , what he wanted to try to do with his research was to engage himself with natural scientists in order to expand his field as much as possible .Sometimes, when Professor Damon shared his knowledge on for-est systems learned from the natives , it would a-maze the scientists that “savages” could have that kind of knowledge .From his experience , Professor Damon found that cooperative work with natural scientists was very helpful for his research , and this kind of mutual -learning is necessary .Professor Damon also was critical that some of the anthropol-ogists or scientists were not good at

  2. A French Anthropologist’s Fieldwork Experience in China-An Interview with French Anthropologist Catherine Capdeville-Zeng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Catherine Capdeville-Zeng; Zhao Xiuyun

    2015-01-01

    Since the end of the 1970s,French anthropologist Catherine Capdeville-Zeng has fo ̄cused her studies on China. Her research field in ̄cludes popular songs of China,rock music of Chi ̄na,Beijing Opera Amateur Sessions,shadow play, Nuo opera, and Sichuan opera, etc. She has pub ̄lished a series of her research findings related to China in the past years, including Le théâtredansl��espace du peuple,uneenquête de terrain en Chine ( in French ) , Rites et Rock à Pékin –Traditions sociales et modernitédans la musique rock en Chine( in French) ,and fengchangzuoxi or 逢场作戏(in Chinese)etc. On 23 March 2015,Profes ̄sor Capdeville-Zeng was invited to give a lecture on Popular Opera—An Anthropological Investiga ̄tion in China at the Southwest University for Na ̄tionalities. In the lecture,Professor Catherine Cap ̄deville-Zeng took Nuo opera,Sichuan torch opera troupe,and Beijing opera amateur sessions as case studies,and shared her ideas on the connection be ̄tween “ritual opera” and “entertainment opera”, the common structure of various operas, the rela ̄tionship between the audience and the actors/ac ̄tresses, the audience’s response to the opera and the actors/actresses’ attitudes, etc. After the lec ̄ture,Zhao Xiuyun,an editor of the Journal of Eth ̄nology published by the Southwest University for Nationalities,conducted a comprehensive interview with her regarding her anthropological investiga ̄   tions in China. In this interview,Professor Cather ̄ine Capdeville -Zeng talked about the process of conducting fieldwork in China as a French anthro ̄pologist. She stated that her research was deeply influenced by the theory of Louis Dumont, an im ̄portant representative scholar of French structural ̄ism. She used Dumont’s theory of “individualism”to make an in -depth analysis of the relationship between the“individual” and the“whole” in Chi ̄nese society. She mentioned that although the style of modern

  3. What Does It Mean to Be an Activist Scholar? Re-imagining Our Responses as Anthropologists of Education to Contemporary Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Katherine

    2014-01-01

    In this address, I ask: What do we bring as anthropologists and educators to our work? Two projects frame my arguments: my work with teachers in Aceh, Indonesia after the 2004 tsunami and my term on a school board in an impoverished U.S. city. I conclude that at a time when challenges are simultaneously local and global, immediate and long term,…

  4. Didier Combeau, Des Américains et des armes à feux. Violence et démocratie aux Etats-Unis. Saul Cornell, A Well-Regulated Militia : The Founding Fathers and the Origins of Gun Control in America.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renaud Pacoud

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Deux ouvrages différents dans leur approche mais également passionnants permettent de saisir l’évolution du débat sur les armes à feu aux États-Unis. Des Américains et des armes à feux. Violence et démocratie aux Etats Unis de Didier Combeau rend compte de la relation complexe que les Américains entretiennent avec les armes à feu depuis la fondation de la nation et de la polémique contemporaine sur la question du droit aux armes. A Well-Regulated Militia : The Founding Fathers and the Origins...

  5. Didier Combeau, Des Américains et des armes à feux. Violence et démocratie aux Etats-Unis. Saul Cornell, A Well-Regulated Militia : The Founding Fathers and the Origins of Gun Control in America.

    OpenAIRE

    Renaud Pacoud

    2008-01-01

    Deux ouvrages différents dans leur approche mais également passionnants permettent de saisir l’évolution du débat sur les armes à feu aux États-Unis. Des Américains et des armes à feux. Violence et démocratie aux Etats Unis de Didier Combeau rend compte de la relation complexe que les Américains entretiennent avec les armes à feu depuis la fondation de la nation et de la polémique contemporaine sur la question du droit aux armes. A Well-Regulated Militia : The Founding Fathers and the Origins...

  6. De l’anthropologie appliquée à l’anthropologue impliqué From an Applied Anthropology to an Implicated Anthropologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike Singleton

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Se sentant piégés par la dichotomie classique (et donc ethnocentrique séparant théorie et pratique, des anthropologues contemporains se sont précipités en aval en cherchant à la fois à personnaliser leur discipline (« pas d’anthropologie sans autobiographie » et à la rendre plus pertinente à notre avenir commun (d’où une anthropologie appliquée. Mais en un amont onto-épistémologique, là où se retrouvent certains philosophes modernes avec leurs idées relatives au réel comme relationnel (Marion, à la rencontre et à la reconnaissance (Ricoeur ou au moi altéré (Levinas, il se peut que l’anthropologue, qu’il le veuille ou non, soit impliqué d’emblée et d’office.Feeling trapped by the classical and consequently ethnocentric dichotomy between theory and practice, contemporary anthropologists have hurried downstream seeking at once to personalize their discipline (“no anthropology without autobiography” and render it more relevant to our common future (hence an “applied anthropology”. But upstream, onto-epistemologically, there where several modern philosophers find themselves with such notions as the real being relational (Marion, encounter and recognition (Ricoeur or the self as replying to the Other (Levinas, it could be that whether he or she wills it or not, an anthropologist is implicated from the outset.

  7. Les inégalités  sociales  de santé, un problème français

    OpenAIRE

    Fassin, Didier

    2013-01-01

    En ouverture de ce dossier, et alors que la table ronde nous a déjà permis de poser quelques jalons, Didier Fassin nous explique les arcanes d’une relégation. Celle dont les inégalités de santé ont été victimes, sacrifiées sur l’autel d’une politique libérale qui, là comme dans d’autres domaines, n’en finit pas d’imposer sa logique.

  8. Lehtmetalliline maailm / Kristiina Garancis, Didier Deschamps ; interv. Kristiina Garancis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garancis, Kristiina, 1969-

    1999-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise uue tantsu festival - Augusti TantsuFestival. Vestlus Prantsuse Kultuuriministeeriumi tantsunõuniku D. Deschamps'iga prantsuse tantsukunsti olukorrast ja kultuuriministeeriumi tantsuosakonna tööst

  9. O antropólogo como "espião": das acusações públicas à construção das perspectivas nativas The anthropologist as 'spy': from public accusations to the construction of native perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Zenobi

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, parte da academia norte-americana mobilizou-se em torno de um grande debate sobre "antropologia e espionagem". As acusações feitas sobre alguns colegas eram motivadas pela preocupação com o uso que poderia ser feito do conhecimento gerado no trabalho de campo. Elas expressavam que os antropólogos podem ser considerados sujeitos perigosos para as populações estudadas. Respondendo às mesmas inquietações, em algumas ocasiões, nós, os antropólogos, também somos objeto de acusações feitas pelos "nossos" nativos. Neste artigo, proponho-me a analisar dois episódios ocorridos durante o trabalho de campo que realizei junto a uma turma de parentes de vítimas de um incêndio na cidade de Buenos Aires. Enquanto desenvolvia meu trabalho, enfatizou-se publicamente e em duas oportunidades a possibilidade de que eu fosse um "infiltrado" que estivesse espionando as ações e debates em que eram protagonistas. Com o objetivo de reconstruir as perspectivas das pessoas que me acusaram, proponho transformar esses acontecimentos, de aparência anedótica e pessoal, em perguntas de pesquisa. Inspirado em algumas ideias surgidas no campo de estudos sobre acusações de bruxaria, proporei uma análise voltada para iluminar a dinâmica do campo no qual as acusações foram produzidas. Do mesmo modo, tentarei ressituar meu papel como produtor de conhecimento.In recent years, some American scholars have become embroiled in an extensive debate on 'anthropology and espionage.' The accusations levelled at some colleagues have been prompted by concerns over the potential use of knowledge generated during fieldwork. These accusations have shown that anthropologists can be regarded as 'dangerous' to the populations under study. Echoing the same kinds of concern, sometimes anthropologists are accused by 'their' natives themselves. In this article I discuss two episodes that occurred during my own fieldwork among a group of relatives of victims

  10. Techno-Anthropologists as Change Agents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lone Stub

    2015-01-01

    Studying technology will often involve studying change – or in the perspective of this chapter should involve not just studying but also actively being involved with change. Your presence and the questions you ask shape the way people think and act and on the other hand their responses and your s...... an integral part of Techno-Anthropological studies in Health Informatics and beyond. This statement is supported through reflections on empirical examples, qualitative methods, and ethical and philosophical considerations on research and change. The chapter concludes that Techno...

  11. La figura dell’antropologo, le necessità di assistenza familiare e la costruzione di una “casa della salute”. Progetto di ricerca e sensibilizzazione nel quartiere Savena di Bologna - The role of the anthropologist, the needs of family caring and the creation of the “health house”. Research and awareness project in Savena district - Bologna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Palmese

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The author presents her research and awareness project about family caring initiated in the Savena District, Bologna. Through this experience, the author has had the opportunity to disclose the development of non-self-sufficiency among the elderly creating the so-called “health house” within the home. Using this expression, she specifies the alteration of the physical space and the combination of life stories and expectations of three subjects who dwell in this space: the elderly, relatives and family assistant (“badante”. Outside the house, however, economic and political interests are increasing. The anthropologist has to be fully aware of these power dynamics and, above all, has to develop an educational and mediation activity in order to create more possibilities of expression for the individuals involved in the care relationship.

  12. Didier Debaise, L’appât des possibles. Reprise de Whitehead

    OpenAIRE

    De Meyer, Thibault

    2015-01-01

    Qu’est-ce qu’une proposition ? C’est la question qui a préoccupé Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947) tout au long de sa vie. Avec Bertrand Russell, il publia entre 1910 et 1913 les trois tomes des Principia mathematica qui visent à réduire les propositions à leur valeur de vérité, vrai/faux. C’est contre lui-même et cette conception réductionniste qu’il a bâti ensuite sa philosophie du processus. Dans Procès et réalité, publié en 1929, il explique combien « il est difficile de croire qu’un log...

  13. Federal councillor for the Swiss federal department of the interior, Didier Burkhalter

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    Visited the ATLAS control centre at CERN on 23 August, together with Fabiola Gianotti, the ATLAS spokesperson. The federal councillor also toured the LHC superconducting magnet test hall and the Universe of Particles exhibition.

  14. Of Jaguars, Anthropologists, and Cole Porter: Poetry & Revision

    OpenAIRE

    David Cappella

    2010-01-01

    The educational purposes of examining the revision process of a specific poem are significant and, to me, profound. It is a specialized teaching tool, one that burrows into the workings of the imagination by encouraging students to ponder specific changes to the various drafts and to discuss them. Such language talk about changes and close reading explicitly reveals those decisive steps that a poet takes in order to allow the real poem to emerge.

  15. Amateur Anthropologists: DIY Tourism as Learning Culture and Accessing Authenticity

    OpenAIRE

    Nishijima, Ryoko

    2012-01-01

    This literature review explores the ways in which the idea of "the tourist" has been theorized by various tourism scholars. First, I will focus on the seminal works and argue that classical tourism literatures have universally approached "the tourist" as one who wishes to be identified as a traveler, coded as a learning-oriented explorer rather than a member of tourists, consumerist dupes who fail to truly experience the wonders of the world. I will refer to this particular type of tourist as...

  16. To Fairly Tell: Social Mobility, Life Histories, and the Anthropologist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benei, Veronique

    2010-01-01

    This article focuses on social agents' own understandings of socio-economic mobility and social achievement, exploring the possibilities offered by the tool of "family" life history in the context of formerly Untouchable communities in western India, Maharashtra. While arguing in favour of family life histories as both resource and method in the…

  17. Des doubles parenthèses de Jacques Lacan et des triples d'Alain Didier-Weill

    OpenAIRE

    Matherat, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    Les Écrits de Jacques Lacan s'ouvrent par la rédaction du séminaire sur « La Lettre volée ». Ce texte, rédigé en 1956, comporte une partie mathématique qui illustre sur un exemple comment une chaîne signifiante peut faire apparaître une chaîne aléatoire comme structurée. Lacan insère en 1966 un complément intitulé « Parenthèse des parenthèses », qui vient apporter des précisions sur la relation entre cet exemple mathématique et son schéma L, et qui fait apparaître une structure de parenthèses...

  18. Czech národopisci and socio-cultural anthropologists in a changing environment

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uherek, Zdeněk

    1. Halle/Saale: Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, 2007 - (Mann, B.), s. 41-48. (Working Papers. 90) Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : socio - cultural anthropology * Czech Republic * East European Anthropology * Czech ethnography Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  19. Material Culture and Anthropology-An Interview with Anthropologist Michael Rowlands of the University College London

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MICHAEL Rowlands; BIAN Simei; ZHAO Xiuyun

    2014-01-01

    Prof.Michael Rowlands discusses how to use material culture to explore the for-mation and use of objects , the history of objects , and the relationship between objects and histo-ry .He uses examples drawn from his academic background , and his fieldwork done in Africa and China .He further gives an in-depth discussion on the relationship between material culture and anthropology as well as archaeology and anthropology .He proposes specific views on how to de-velop historical anthropology by using material culture , and the combination of archaeology with anthropology .He states that in the future , the focus of anthropology will shift or move away from America and Europe to the rest of the world , and that it is possible that the current understand-ing of anthropology that comes from European and American Anthropology will no longer be ac-cepted as being the truth .Therefore, finding new ways of thinking is necessary for the future de-velopment of anthropology .

  20. French Anthropologist David Gibeault Talks about the Relationship between Structuralism and History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAVID Gibeault; ZHANG Yuan

    2014-01-01

    David Gibeault is a researcher from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science So-cial ( EHESS ) .He specializes in anthropological method and theory .He concentrates his fieldwork in Southeast Asia and the central part of China .He focuses his research on the formation and succes-sion of knowledge structure .His research on the“singing masters” discusses the structure of Chi-nese history , the successive method of the knowl-edge and the anthropological concept of the “Oth-er”.In April, 2013, he was invited by the South-west University for Nationalities to give a lecture ti-tled “Religion and Society ”.During that time , the editorial department of Journal of Ethnology entrusted Prof .Zhang Yuan to do an interview with him.

  1. Morphological optimization of female combat sports athletes as seen by the anthropologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burdukiewicz Anna

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Body build and proportions are key determinants of athletic success. The effects of the athlete selection process and discipline-specific training are differentiated body dimensions. The aim of the study was to examine the physical characteristics of female combat athletes. The results of anthropometric measurements of 154 females aged 21.2±1.79 years competing in judo, jiu-jitsu, karate, taekwondo, and fencing for 7.5±3.43 years.

  2. Hmong and Lao Refugee Women: Reflections of a Hmong-American Woman Anthropologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dia Cha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1992, Ms. Dia Cha – then a graduate student in anthropology at Northern Arizona University – traveled to Chieng Kham Refugee and Napho Repatriation Camps in Thailand, and the village of Ban KM 52, inVientiane Province, Laos, to research issues concerning the repatriation to Laos of Lao Lum and Hmong women refugees. This article, originally written upon the return from these travels and in partial fulfillment of the requirements for her Master of Arts degree in Applied Anthropology, considers the findings made and the insights achieved on this journey of discovery. In particular, the work discusses changes and continuity in the lives of Lao Lum and Hmong refugee women in the camps. Also addressed in considerable detail is the impact of the author’s status as an educated Hmong-American woman and former refugee on her interactions with female and male informants residing in the two refugee camps. Ms. Cha, who spent much of her early life in such refugee camps as are herein described, has, in the intervening period, become Dr. Dia Cha, Associate Professor of Anthropology and Ethnic Studies at St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota, USA. The research project she describes was funded by the United Nations Development Fund for Women and executed by the American Friends Service Committee (The Quaker Services. Ms. Jacquelyn Chagnon joined Ms. Cha during the second phrase ofthe research, in Napho Repatriation Center, and later in Laos; however, the following article, produced originally in 1992, was written solely by Ms. Cha.

  3. Hmong and Lao Refugee Women: Reflections of a Hmong-American Woman Anthropologist

    OpenAIRE

    Dia Cha

    2006-01-01

    In 1992, Ms. Dia Cha – then a graduate student in anthropology at Northern Arizona University – traveled to Chieng Kham Refugee and Napho Repatriation Camps in Thailand, and the village of Ban KM 52, inVientiane Province, Laos, to research issues concerning the repatriation to Laos of Lao Lum and Hmong women refugees. This article, originally written upon the return from these travels and in partial fulfillment of the requirements for her Master of Arts degree in Applied Anthropology, conside...

  4. The cultural parameters of lead poisoning: a medical anthropologist's view of intervention in environmental lead exposure.

    OpenAIRE

    Trotter, R T

    1990-01-01

    This article identifies four culturally shaped sources of lead exposure in human societies: modern and historic technological sources: food habits; culturally defined health beliefs; and beauty practices. Examples of these potential sources of lead poisoning are presented from current cultures. They include the use of lead-glazed cooking pottery in Mexican-American households; folk medical use of lead in Hispanic, Arabic, South Asian, Chinese, and Hmong communities; as well as the use of lead...

  5. Translation, Adaptation or Amputation? Arctic Explorer-Writer-Anthropologist Peter Freuchen's Little-Known Danish Translation of Moby Dick

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klitgård, Ida

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses how the simplification of adaptation can actually empower a translation with a historically and culturally significant function. The study analyses and discusses the fairly unknown first Danish translation of Herman Melville’s classic novel Moby Dick made in 1942. The...... translation was made by the internationally famous Arctic explorer and writer Peter Freuchen, and his version of the novel has been so drastically cut down to the bare skeleton of the plot that we may speak of amputation rather than adaptation. The result is a so-called real “man’s book”, as is pronounced on...

  6. The cultural parameters of lead poisoning: A medical anthropologist's view of intervention in environmental lead exposure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trotter, R.T. II (Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff (USA))

    1990-11-01

    This article identifies four culturally shaped sources of lead exposure in human societies: modern and historic technological sources; food habits; culturally defined health beliefs; and beauty practices. Examples of these potential sources of lead poisoning are presented from current cultures. They include the use of lead-glazed cooking pottery in Mexican-American households; folk medical use of lead in Hispanic, Arabic, South Asian, Chinese, and Hmong communities; as well as the use of lead as a cosmetic in the Near East, Southeast Asia, and South Asia. Four interacting cultural conditions that create barriers to the reduction of lead exposure and lead poisoning are identified and discussed. These are knowledge deficiencies, communication resistance, cultural reinterpretations, and incongruity of explanatory models.

  7. THE PUERTO RICAN FAMILY AND THE ANTHROPOLOGIST--OSCAR LEWIS, "LA VIDA," AND THE CULTURE OF POVERTY. REVIEW ARTICLE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    CORDASCO, FRANK M.

    QUESTIONS ARE RAISED IN THIS BOOK REVIEW OF "LA VIDA" ABOUT OSCAR LEWIS'S CONCEPT OF THE "CULTURE OF POVERTY" AND ABOUT THE TYPICALITY OF THE RIOS FAMILY, AN ISSUE CENTRAL TO THE VALIDITY OF THE BOOK'S CONCLUSIONS. FEARS ARE EXPRESSED ABOUT THE POPULARIZATION OF THE BOOK'S FINDINGS AND THEIR WIDESPREAD APPLICATION. THIS ARTICLE IS PUBLISHED IN…

  8. Didier Carnet, Sylvia Morgan, Félicie Pastoré, L’anglais pour la santé. Exercices d’appropriation de la langue à visée professionnelle

    OpenAIRE

    Faure, Pascaline

    2014-01-01

    L’anglais pour la santé. Exercices d’appropriation de la langue à visée professionnelle constitue la 3e édition d’un manuel publié en 2001. Il est destiné aux professionnels de la santé ainsi qu’aux chercheurs et étudiants en médecine francophones. Depuis, il s’est enrichi de nouveaux exercices et de fichiers audio (transcription des exercices de prononciation et explications grammaticales) accessibles via un flashcode. Cependant, la base est restée la même : vingt unités, qui reprennent, cha...

  9. The “artistic knowledge” of an anthropologist and the cultural studies in peru. on a forgotten work of Jose Maria Arguedas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Javier Rivera Andía

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This text aims to make some questions about the reasons why an ethnographic archive joined by Jose Maria Arguedas has remained unpublished until now. Mainly, it is suggested that this lack of attention to a source like this may be related to a the way in which Arguedas conceived the production of knowledge in Anthropology.

  10. Opening talk of Didier Houssin, head of the direction of raw materials and hydrocarbons. Talk of Gerard Piketty, head of CEP and M at the CEP and M-COPREP day of October 10, 2000, corresponding to the 50. anniversary of FSH. Talk of Gilbert Rutman head of COPREP; Discours d'ouverture de Didier Houssin Directeur des matieres premieres et des hydrocarbures. Allocation de Gerard Piketty, president du CEP and M a la journee CEP and M-COPREP du 10 octobre 2000, marquant par ailleurs le 50. anniversaire du FSH. Discours de Gilbert Rutman president du COPREP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houssin, D.; Piketty, G. [Comite d' Etudes Petrolieres et Marines, 92 - Paris la Defense (France); Rutman, G. [COPREP, (France)

    2000-07-01

    These articles report on the different opening talks of D. Housin, G. Piketty and G. Rutman. D. Houssin, head of the direction of raw materials and hydrocarbons, analyzes the main events of the petroleum industry for the year 2000 (oil crisis, oil prices, hydrocarbons market, para-petroleum sector etc..). G. Piketty, head of CEP and M, recalls some highlights of CEP and M's history, while G. Rutman, head of COPREP, briefly evokes the activities of his own technical committee. (J.S.)

  11. The policy of development of renewable energies - Thematic public report, Synthesis of the thematic public report, Speech by Mr Didier Migaud, First President of the French Audit Office (Press presentation of the thematic public report on The policy of development of renewable energies)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report first outlines that renewable energies are developing without reaching the defined objectives. It describes the role of renewable energies within the French energy context (renewable heat and renewable electricity), gives an overview of European and French objectives, and outlines that results are significant but still insufficient. The second part reviews the various difficulties and obstacles: high production costs (methodology of cost calculation, differences among production costs), a complex support system with varying efficiency (support arrangements common to electricity and heat renewable production, and proper to each one), an unsteady legal framework which is a matter of dispute, a not adapted organization of public bodies, and strong physical constraints (grid, intermittency, limited potential). The third part outlines the need of long-term choices which must be sustainable in terms of financial costs, of social and economical impacts, of consistency conditions (with respect to environmental impacts, to electricity market, to adaptation of grids and consumption), of necessary arbitrations (between sectors, in terms of support arrangements, between contradictory imperatives of general interest, in terms of economic integration, in terms of investment in research). A set of recommendations is formulated. The report is completed by several appendices and by the answers of the concerned administrations and bodies (ministries, agencies, so on)

  12. 異文化理解の諸相 : 束南アジア社会におけるジェンダーの考察を通して

    OpenAIRE

    花見, 槇子; HANAMI, Makiko

    2003-01-01

     Anthropologists Who study cultures other than their own are always bound by the cultural frames of their own. This article follows the developmental phases of research on gender in Southeast Asian societies by western and Japanese anthropologists who tend to seek a congruent ideology behind the set of observed behavior.  Southeast Asia has been known for its relatively egalitarian gender practice based on bilateral kinship. At the same time, it perplexes anthropologists by the widely spread ...

  13. Book review of ‘Extraordinary anthropology : transformations in the field’ by Jean-Guy A. Goulet and Bruce Granville Miller, Lincoln, NE : University of Nebraska Press, 2007.

    OpenAIRE

    Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

    2010-01-01

    Just as diverse as cultures in the world with which anthropologists spend time being ‘‘participants’’, so varied are the experiences of these anthropologists, depending upon the circumstances in which they work. In sixteen essays of Extraordinary Anthropology: Transformations in the Field Jean-Guy A. Goulet of Saint Paul University in Ottawa and Bruce Granville Miller of the University of British Columbia have compiled experiential accounts of many anthropologists while encountering diverse c...

  14. Shifting positions between anthropology, religion and development: the case of Christianity

    OpenAIRE

    Geest, van der, A.H.M.

    2011-01-01

    Anthropologists in Africa used to have an ambivalent relationship with missionary Christianity and international development work. Being active in the same areas but with different intentions reinforced mutual stereotypes and added to the uneasiness. This seems to be changing now. Christianity has passed its missionary stage and is now an African religion, interesting to study for anthropologists and ‘applied anthropology’ allows anthropologists to make their discipline more meaningful and re...

  15. The Jobs behind the Science

    CERN Multimedia

    Jacques Fichet; Jules Ordan; Anna Cook; Jacques Fichet

    2015-01-01

    Recruitments service promotes this clip "The Jobs behind the Science" Réalisé par Jules Ordan Produit par Jacques Fichet Voix off Anna Cook Musique : Unphased. Les musiciens: - Carlos Rosales - Tim McGarry - Ary Porat - Elio Jaillet - Jules Ordan - Didier Fellay

  16. Analysis of high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by laser desorption-ionisation/time-of-flight mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čáslavský, Josef; Kotlaříková, Pavla

    Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 2005 - (Lichtfouse, E.; Schwarzbauer, J.; Didier, R.), s. 393-408 ISBN 3-540-22860-8 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA205/98/1265 Keywords : high-molecular weight PAHs * LDI-TOF MS * HPLC/APCI MS Subject RIV: CB - Analytical Chemistry , Separation

  17. Ligne Roset soliidne salong lõpuks ka Tallinnas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas Tartu mnt. 6 avati Prantsuse firma Ligne Roset sisustussalong. 1890. a. asutatud firmast, mis alates aastast 1946 keskendus modernsele mööblile. Firma tooteid on aidanud kujundada disainerid Didier Gomez, Peter Malay, Pascal Mourgue ja vennad Bouroullec'd

  18. Kaks uut näitust Kunstihoones

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    20. detsembrist Tallinna Kunstihoones kontseptuaalne kunstiprojekt "Expat-Art-Centre" (koostaja Mathieu Copeland, osalevad Brian Eno, Pierre Huyghe, Ben Kinmont, Claude Leveque, Didier Marcel, Olivier Mosset, Shimabuku, Dan Walsh, Ian Wilson) ning Tallinna Linnagaleriis Marko Mäetamme "Mälestusnäitus"

  19. Pariisi kiri. Kevadine raamatuhooaeg : [1999. a.] / Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Marek, 1973-

    1999-01-01

    Ka Pariisi rahvusvahelisest raamatumessist. Rets. rmt.: Genette, Gérard. Figures IV. S. l. : Seuil, 1999; Eribon, Didier. Arutlused gay-küsimusest. Pariis : Fayard, 1999. Eco, Umberto. Kant ja nokkloom. Pariis : Grasset, 1999 (prantsuse keeles, originaal itaalia k.: Milaano: Bompiani, 1997)

  20. Arhitektuuriuudiseid laiast maailmast - piiratud ruum / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Laevmaja Hollandis Muggenbeet'is (arhitekt Arnoud Olie, 2004-2005), noore pere korter Pariisis (arhitektid Nicola ja Adelaide Marchi, 2005), loft house Nagoyas (Shinichi Ogawa & Associates, 2005), eksperimentaalne elamu Lucky Drops Tokyos (Atelire Tekuto + Masahiro Ikeda CO., LMT., 2005), galeriikorter Cafe Au Lit Pariisis (arhitektid Didier Fuzia Faustino, Pascal Mazoyer, Bureau des Mesarchitectures, 2005), Studio D Tokyos (Hiroyuki Arima + Urban Fourth, 2005)

  1. Eastern Europe - A new Field of Humanitarian History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yves DENÉCHÈRE

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Defining “humanitarian” is by no means a simple endeavour: that is a sign of the considerable polysemy of the term, as well as of the debates that animate it. “Humanitarian” refers to a form of action (humanitarian action, work (humanitarian work, commitment (humanitarian commitment for the benefit of people in need who require care, food, shelter; natural disasters, wars, economic crises generate deficiencies and violations of human dignity (imprisonment, abuse, torture. Philosophical and ideological debates, but also highly pragmatic considerations, have contributed to the emergence of humanitarian policies and of a global humanitarian space. Some even suggest a `humanitarian government`, meaning the deployment of moral sentiments in contemporary policies, with the advent of a genuine “humanitarian reason” (Fassin, 2010.

  2. Global health intervention from North to South: (Academic) preparation of students

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi; Rasmussen, Louise Mubanda

    2015-01-01

    psychiatry/ psychology (Fernando), culture-centered health communication (Dutta) and medical anthropology (Farmer, Nguyen & Lock). The course is framed around a critical conceptualization of globalisation covering spatial and ideological dimensions (Fassin). Today’s practice of global health interventions is......Global health intervention from North to South: (Academic) preparation of students By Rashmi Singla & Louise Mubanda Rasmussen, Roskilde University, Denmark This chapter discusses how to conduct before- intervention preparation of students based on a pioneer course collaboration between the...... subjects Health Promotion and International Development Studies at Roskilde University. The focus is on agents of intervention from the Global North with Global South targets. The theoretical framework of the course includes, among others approaches from cultural psychological (Valsiner), critical...

  3. Epidemiologists working together with anthropologists: lessons from a study to evaluate the epidemiological impact of a city-wide sanitation program Los epidemiólogos y antropólogos que trabajan juntos: lecciones de un estudio para evaluar el impacto epidemiológico de un programa de saneamiento urbano Epidemiologistas e antropólogos trabalhando juntos: lições de um estudo para avaliar o impacto epidemiológico de um programa de saneamento urbano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio L. Barreto

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the role of qualitative approaches in epidemiological studies, beginning with a general discussion of epidemiological and anthropological methods. It focuses on a case study of the health impact of an environmental intervention carried out in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Most of the precedent studies fields, based on primary date, use to devote little attention to the methodological and theorethical questions attached to long-term studies. Four specific aspects of this experience are highlighted: (a drawing up epidemiological study; (b construction of an observational instrument to measure hygiene habits; (c an ethnographic study that was carried out before the epidemiological study; (d observation of the effects of health intervention on health inequalities. Finally, the report details how the findings of qualitative and quantitative studies might be synthesized. It provides a critical overview of follow-up strategies, illustrated with proper examples whenever possible.En este artículo se discute el papel de los enfoques cualitativos en los estudios epidemiológicos, comenzando con una discusión general de ambos métodos. Se centra en un estudio de caso sobre el impacto en la salud de una intervención ambiental en Salvador, Bahía, Brasil. La mayoría de los estudios en esta línea, que se deriven de la fuente principal de la investigación, aporta poca discusión sobre los aspectos metodológicos y teóricos que participan en estudios a largo plazo. Cuatro aspectos específicos de esta experiencia son especialmente prominentes: (a elaboración de cuestionarios para el estudio epidemiológico; (b la construcción de un instrumento para medir los hábitos de higiene de observación; (c un estudio etnográfico que precedió a la investigación epidemiológica; (d observación de los efectos de las intervenciones sanitarias sobre las desigualdades en salud. Por último, el estudio considera en detalle cómo los resultados de los estudios cualitativos y cuantitativos se pueden sintetizar. Proporciona una visión general y crítica de estrategias de seguimiento, ilustraciones siempre que sea posible, con ejemplos apropiados.Este artigo discute o papel das abordagens qualitativas em estudos epidemiológicos, começando com uma discussão geral de ambos os métodos. Centra-se em um estudo de caso sobre o impacto na saúde de uma intervenção ambiental em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. A maioria de estudos nesta linha, que derivam de pesquisas de fonte primária, traz pouca discussão sobre as questões metodológicas e teóricas envolvidas em estudos em longo prazo. Quatro aspectos específicos dessa experiência são especialmente destacados: (a elaboração de questionários para o estudo epidemiológico; (b construção de um instrumento observacional para medir os hábitos de higiene; (c um estudo etnográfico que antecedeu a pesquisa epidemiológica; (d observação dos efeitos da intervenção de saúde sobre as desigualdades de saúde. Finalmente, o estudo considera em detalhe como os resultados dos estudos qualitativos e quantitativos podem ser sintetizados. Ele fornece uma visão geral e crítica das estratégias de acompanhamento, ilustrada, sempre que possível, com exemplos apropriados.

  4. "The Good Child": Anthropological Perspectives on Morality and Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fechter, Anne-Meike

    2014-01-01

    Currently, there is no clearly delineated field that could be described as "the anthropology of morality". There exists, however, an increasingly visible and vocal interest in issues of morality among anthropologists. Although there has been a lack of explicit study, it has become clear that anthropologists have, in fact, been concerned…

  5. ?This Is Not a Parade, It's a Protest March?: Intertextuality, Citation, and Political Action on the Streets of Bolivia and Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Lazar, Sian

    2015-01-01

    This is the accepted manuscript of a paper published in American Anthropologist (Lazar, S, American Anthropologist 2015, 117, 242?256, doi:10.1111/aman.12227). The final version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aman.12227

  6. Competitive Intelligence : Competing, Consuming and Collaborating in a Flat World

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    CONTENT The convergence of Societal Intelligence and Territorial Intelligence to promote Sustainable Development of weakened territories in France. By CHRISTIAN BOURRET Can military education benefit from the study of competitive intelligence? By DIDIER DANET Strategic Dependence of a Developing Country Vision from Patents By HENRI DOU, JEAN MARIE DOU JR, SRI DAMAYANTY MANULLANG Causes of Competitive Analysis Failure: Understanding and Responding to Problems at the Individual Level. By DR CRA...

  7. PSYCHOANALYSTS FINDING FORM : (auto)fictional experiments in contemporary psychoanalysis

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we will look at two important voices in contemporary psychoanalysis, Didier Anzieu and Christopher Bollas, who from a theoretical perspective have tried to devise new genres to express their thinking. The result of this is hybrid texts that com-bine autobiography, essay, case study, fiction, comedy and poetry. In their theoretical work, Anzieu and Bollas have examined creativity and processes of thinking, predomi-nantly from the perspective of object-relations psychoanalysis, a...

  8. Näitus nagu kuu / Anders Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härm, Anders, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Näitusest "Expat-Art-Centre" Tallinna Kunstihoone fuajees, Ku fassaadil ja Ku-Ku kohvikus kuni 12. I. Näituse ja sellega kaasneva ajakirja on koostanud Mathieu Copeland, osalevad Brian Eno, Pierre Huyghe (sünd. 1962), Ben Kinmont, Claude Leveque (sünd. 1953), Didier Marcel, Olivier Mosset (sünd. 1933), Shimabuku (sünd. 1969), Dan Walsh (sünd. 1962), Ian Wilson (sünd. 1940)

  9. Croissance démographique et marché du logement en France depuis 1954

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine Bonvalet; Didier Blanchet

    1985-01-01

    Blanchet Didier and Bonvalet Catherine. ? Population Growth and the Housing Market in France since 1954. In this article a model on the functioning of the housing market in France since the mid-fifties is presented which is based on the effects of population growth. First, population growth rates influence the demand for housing. Supply only readjusts slowly to changes in demand. Short-term adaptation thus increases pressure on the stock of vacancies. This pressure leads to a rise in prices, ...

  10. 传记中的死亡:鲁迅与福柯

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹清华

    2009-01-01

    想来,我认真读过的传记有好多部了。而重复阅读的恐怕唯有鲁迅传与福柯传。前者是王晓明的《无法直面的人生——鲁迅传》,后者乃Didier Eribon所著Michel Foucault的英译本(Cambridge &Massachusetts)。

  11. Les effets démographiques de différentes mesures de politique familiale : un essai d'évaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Didier Blanchet

    1987-01-01

    Blanch et Didier. ? The demographic impact of various measures of family policy : a tentative evaluation. This paper examines the demographic impact of different kinds of family allowances under the two assumptions that (1) the cost of children is actually one of the reasons why the level of fertility remains low and (2) that couples are willing to consider family allowances as indirect reductions of this cost The analysis relies on a model of fertility behavior which is of the multinomial lo...

  12. A glowing tribute to CERN craftsmanship

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Didier Lombard, metalworker in EST Division, has been crowned 'France's Top Craftsman'. It's the second time this prestigious title has been bestowed upon a CERN staff member. The reputation of CERN's craftsmanship outside the Laboratory just keeps on growing! For the second time in a row, a member of EST Division's Manufacturing Facilities Group has been named France's Top Craftsman. After Michel Caccioppoli in 1997, Didier Lombard has now taken his place on the roll of honour. This triennial competition seeks to honour workers and skilled craftspeople in two hundred different trades, from pastry-makers and painters to lacemakers and goldsmiths. To win the medal, competitors must produce an object on the basis of a compulsory specification. 3412 competitors entered this 21st edition of the contest, which covered the period 1997 to 2000. Only 846 of the original entrants eventually presented their work and in the end only 321 were honoured - just two in Didier Lombard's category, metalworking. To be fair, the...

  13. An innovative approach for manual preparation of slides of compact bone tissue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritu Singroha

    2014-08-01

    Conclusions: This method of preparation of ground bone slides is not only helpful to undergraduate and post graduate students but also to osteoarchaeologists, palaeopathologists and forensic anthropologists. [Int J Res Med Sci 2014; 2(4.000: 1504-1506

  14. Evolving to the Beat of a Different Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science News, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Presents arguments against the recent "punctuated equilibrium" point of view expressed by evolutionists Stephen Jay Gould and Niles Eldredge. Reviews evidence for continuous and gradual change, as recently cited by four anthropologists in the July 9 issue of "Nature." (CS)

  15. Ljubor Niderle (1865—1944)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jelínková, Dagmar; Gavrituchin, I. O.

    -, č. 5 (2015), s. 27-34. ISSN 1608-9057 Institutional support: RVO:68081758 Keywords : Lubor Niederle * life and work * archaeologist * anthropologist * ethnographer Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  16. The 'relics of Joan of Arc': a forensic multidisciplinary analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charlier, P; Poupon, J; Eb, A;

    2010-01-01

    a cadaver X of carbonised aspect: forensic anthropologist, medical examiners, pathologists, geneticists, radiologist, biochemists, palynologists, zoologist and archaeologist. Materials, methods and results of this study are presented here. This study aims to offer an exploitable methodology for the...

  17. Lenses – Light, Bodies and Representations. A paper on the optical device that enables visual perception through representation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehder, Mads

    I will discuss the many unique lenses available to visual anthropological research and how a nuanced and differentiated view on them can be the key to understanding the complexity of the representations we, as visual anthropologist, are creating....

  18. Chillihuani's Culture of Respect and the Circle of Courage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolin, Inge

    2010-01-01

    A Canadian anthropologist describes how "rituals of respect" permeate the indigenous culture of a remote mountainous village in Peru. When children's needs for belonging, mastery, independence, and generosity are met, they thrive and achieve their full potential.

  19. To understand Poland / Joanna Bar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bar, Joanna

    2003-01-01

    Uurimustest Poola igapäevaelu kohta Nõukogude perioodil : Wedel, Janine. The private Poland : an anthropologist look at everyday life ; Dziğiel, Leszek. Paradise in a concrete cage : daily life in communist Poland. Krak̤w, 1998

  20. 75 FR 67998 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-04

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department... Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI. The human remains and associated funerary... condition. Dr. Robert Sundick, a physical anthropologist in the Anthropology Department at Western...

  1. Things we see: Portuguese anthropology on material culture

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Part of the objects that anthropologists can now find in Lisbon result from the existence of networks with rather diverse historical, social and cultural origins, linking Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Brazil and Portugal, as well as the countries which have attracted all these countries’ diasporas. The publishing of papers by Portuguese and Brazilian anthropologists in this dossier dedicated to consumption might come to generate a productive collaboration between researche...

  2. Bioentropy, Aesthetics and Meta-dualism: The Transdisciplinary Ecology of Gregory Bateson

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Harries-Jones

    2010-01-01

    In this paper I am going to be dealing with Gregory Bateson, a theorist who is one of the founders of cybernetics, an acknowledged precursor of Biosemiotics, and in all respects highly transdisciplinary. Until his entry into cybernetics Bateson was an anthropologist and like anthropologists of his day, accepted a semantic approach to meaning through the classic work of Ogden and Richards and their thought-word-meaning triangle. Ogden and Richards developed their semantic triangle from Peirce,...

  3. Darkness’s Descent on the American Anthropological Association

    OpenAIRE

    Dreger, Alice

    2011-01-01

    In September 2000, the self-styled “anthropological journalist” Patrick Tierney began to make public his work claiming that the Yanomamö people of South America had been actively—indeed brutally—harmed by the sociobiological anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon and the geneticist-physician James Neel. Following a florid summary of Tierney’s claims by the anthropologists Terence Turner and Leslie Sponsel, the American Anthropological Association (AAA) saw fit to take Tierney’s claims seriously by c...

  4. «El irracional es el otro»: Los mecanismos de la interpretación en Antropología

    OpenAIRE

    Xavier Ricard Lanata

    2005-01-01

    This article examines two dialogues between the anthropologist and alpaca shepherds of the Ausangate mountains (Cusco region, province of Canchis). Parting from the description and analysis of the concrete interpretation mechanisms used in the anthropological discipline (establishment of a lexicon, logical inferences, etc.), and of its consequences (in particular, the attribution of a pre-rational or irrational mentality, on behalf of the anthropologist, to his farmer-indigent interpreters), ...

  5. Anthropology and demography

    OpenAIRE

    Bošković Aleksandar

    2013-01-01

    The paper presents an outline of the relationship between anthropology and demography, sometimes depicted as "long, tortured, often ambivalent, and sometimes passionate." Although early anthropologists (primarily British social anthropologists) routinely made use of demographic data, especially in their studies of kinship, the two disciplines gradually drifted away from each other. The re-approachment took place from 1960s, and the last fifteen years saw mo...

  6. Geographies of Difference: Dutch Physical Anthropology in the Colonies and the Netherlands, ca. 1900-1940

    OpenAIRE

    Fenneke Sysling

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses how physical anthropologists created scientific circuitsbetween the Netherlands and their colonies in the East Indies. It shows that national and imperial anthropology were not two separate spheres and that the movement of anthropologists and their objects was important both for the making of anthropology as a scientific discipline and for making anthropological ideas. Trying to define the physical features of people in Dutch fishing villages and in East Indies inland re...

  7. Bringing together Anthropology, Ethnology and Folklore: From Factions to Union

    OpenAIRE

    Fournier, Laurent Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    In this paper I first focus on the foundation of the AFEA (Association Française d’Ethnologie et d’Anthropologie) and I try to find out how this new association has been managing (or not) to bring together anthropology and folklore since its foundation in 2009. Using this French example, I also try to shed light on more global discussions going on between folklorists, ethnologists and anthropologists worldwide. I present different models of possible cooperation between anthropologists and fol...

  8. Organizational culture, Anthropology of

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause-Jensen, Jakob; Wright, Susan

    2015-01-01

    Anthropologists have studied organizations since the 1930s. In the 1980s, anthropologists' concepts of culture were instrumentalized by nonanthropologists to promote ‘organizational culture’ as a management tool. In subsequent decades, concern shifted to welding employees from different ‘national...... cultures’ into transnational corporations and organizations concerned with international governance. In such organizations, anthropology graduates are increasingly employed as ‘cultural experts.’ We track the anthropological research on organizational culture and argue that the sensibilities and analytical...

  9. Abortion in Brazil: Contending Discourses and Women's Experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Tussi, Fernanda P.

    2010-01-01

    It is a common practice for anthropologists to explore connections where scholars from different disciplines do not expect to search and find them. This is the theoretical and methodological orientation in which I was trained as an anthropologist and from which I approach the practice of abortion in Brazil in hope to reach an understanding of the constituent dimensions of this social fact. Before I move on the to discussion, I would like to provide some background on the practice of abortion ...

  10. Understanding Christianity in the history of African religion: An engagement with theological and anthropological perspectives in the pursuit of interdisciplinary dialogue

    OpenAIRE

    Retief M�ller

    2014-01-01

    There is ample ground and good motives for interdisciplinary engagement between theology and the �new� anthropology of Christianity. Theologians can learn much about the character of the church in all its plurality from the often insightful descriptions of anthropologists who have recently started to take a strong interest in Christianity. On the other hand, theologians can help anthropologists come to more complex understandings of the meaning of Christianity. Concerning contrasting anthropo...

  11. Aide-toi, le ciel t’aidera !

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Messu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur, qui a lui-même analysé les transformations des systèmes et dispositifs de la protection sociale française et en a fourni une interprétation socio-historique conduite en termes d’« assurance d’assistance », discute l’approche de Didier Vrancken dans son ouvrage Nouvel ordre protectionnel. Il s’attache d’abord à circonscrire en quoi cette approche nous amène à renouveler les conceptions qui avaient cours en matière d’analyse sociologique des systèmes de protection sociale élaborés au cours du xxe siècle. Il cherche ensuite à en apprécier l’exacte portée novatrice et les limites dans lesquelles elle se situe, avant de proposer, en repérant certains des travers de l’approche de Didier Vrancken, quelques éléments de compréhension, d’ajustement ou de développement de la thèse centrale de son ouvrage. Celui-ci comportant trois grands chapitres, ils sont discutés séparément.Help yourself, and the gods will help you! Concerning Didier Vrancken’s Nouvel ordre protectionnelThe author, who has himself analysed the transformation of French social policy systems and organisations and who has presented a social-historical interpretation in terms of an “insurance for state aids”, discusses Didier Vrancken’s approach in his book Nouvel ordre protectionnel. He concentrates first on identifying to what extent this approach leads us to renew the conceptions that dominated sociological analyses of social protection systems during the 20th century. He then critically examines the approach’s real pertinence as well as its limits. Finally, having identified some inconsistencies of Didier Vrancken’s argument, he proposes a number of ideas in order to understand, adjust or develop the central argument of his book.¡Ayúdate a ti mismo y el cielo te ayudará! Apuntes sobre Nouvel ordre protectionnel (Nuevo orden « protectivo » de Didier VranckenEl autor ha efectuado un análisis de las

  12. L’actualité bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    A – Instruments de travail et de recherche, travaux statistiques Yvorel Jean-Jacques, « Ministère de la justice. Direction de l’Éducation surveillée. Rapport annuel à M. le Garde des Sceaux » Présentation [en ligne] [https://criminocorpus.org/ref/25/17228/]. B – Travaux centrés sur les aspects théoriques et généraux de la rééducation, du travail social et de la justice des mineurs Bigo Didier, Bonelli Laurent, « C...

  13. Skin and the non-human human

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    2013-01-01

    The article puts forward an aesthetic and psychoanalytic analysis of Titian's painting, The Flaying of Marsyas, arguing that the painting is a reflection on the human subject as a being constituted by skin and by a core of non-humanity. The analysis is partly an answer to Melanie Hart's (2007......) article 'Visualizing the mind: Looking at Titian's Flaying of Marsyas', addressing features of the painting not commented on by Hart, and supplementing Hart's (Kleinian) theoretical frame by involving Didier Anzieu's 'skin ego', Slavoj Zizek's concept of the 'non-human', Giorgio Agamben's term of the...

  14. La voie militaire de la 'guerre au terrorisme' et ses enjeux

    OpenAIRE

    Bigo, Didier

    2001-01-01

    This article aims at putting into question the American military response, as a war against terrorism, and at consequently analysing the implications of such a choice. Didier Bigo shows how war against terrorism is a dangerous incantatory and ritual formula if efficiency towards the enemy is more important than law and ethics. In this sense the risk is to enter into a mimetic rivalry in which everything is permitted as long as the enemy does it, and to develop, as a consequence, a judicial ar...

  15. Determination of Pu content in a Spent Fuel Assembly by Measuring Passive Total Neutron count rate and Multiplication with the Differential Die-Away Instrument

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henzl, Vladimir [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Stephen J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-13

    Inspired by approach of Bignan and Martin-Didier (ESARDA 1991) we introduce novel (instrument independent) approach based on multiplication and passive neutron. Based on simulations of SFL-1 the accuracy of determination of {sup tot}Pu content with new approach is {approx}1.3-1.5%. Method applicable for DDA instrument, since it can measure both multiplication and passive neutron count rate. Comparison of pro's & con's of measuring/determining of {sup 239}Pu{sub eff} and {sup tot}Pu suggests a potential for enhanced diversion detection sensitivity.

  16. Ocp-build: un gestionnaire de projets pour OCaml

    OpenAIRE

    Le Fessant, Fabrice; Gazagnaire, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Dans ce papier, nous présentons ocp-build, un nouveau gestionnaire de projet pour OCaml [Leroy, X. The Objective Caml System : Documentation and User's Manual, 1996. With Damien Doligez, Jacques Garrigue, Didier Rémy, and Jérôme Vouillon. Availiable from http: //www.ocaml.org/.]. La gestion de projet -- description du projet et compilation -- a toujours été l'une des faiblesses de l'environnement de programmation d'OCaml. En effet, les règles de compilation d'un projet OCaml peuvent être comp...

  17. Intraocular live male filarial Loa loa worm

    OpenAIRE

    André Omgbwa Eballe; Emillienne Epée; Godefroy Koki; Didier Owono; Côme Ebana Mvogo; Assumpta Lucienne Bella

    2008-01-01

    André Omgbwa Eballe1, Emillienne Epée2, Godefroy Koki2, Didier Owono2, Côme Ebana Mvogo2, Assumpta Lucienne Bella21Gynaeco Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon; 2Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, CameroonAbstract: We report a case of Loa loa filariasis in an 8-month-old child who presented with a 3-month history of irritated acute red eye and insomn...

  18. Pathogenesis of hyperinflation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    OpenAIRE

    Gagnon P; Guenette JA; Langer D; Laviolette L; Mainguy V; Maltais F; Ribeiro F.; Saey D

    2014-01-01

    Philippe Gagnon,1,2 Jordan A Guenette,3,4 Daniel Langer,5 Louis Laviolette,2 Vincent Mainguy,1 François Maltais,1,2 Fernanda Ribeiro,1,2 Didier Saey1,2 1Faculté de Médecine, Université Laval, 2Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, QC, 3Centre for Heart Lung Innovation, University of British Columbia, St Paul's Hospital, 4Department of...

  19. CPAFFC Delegation Visits Mauritius,Madagascar and La Reunion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang; Ruimin

    2014-01-01

    <正>In April,2014,a CPAFFC delegation led by Vice President Feng Zuoku visited Mauritius,Madagascar and the French overseas territory la Reunion.It held meetings with Rajkeswur Purryag,President of Mauritius,Michael Yeung Sik Yuen,Mauritian Minister of Tourism and Leisure,Didier Robert,President of the Regional Council of la Reunion,Gilbert Anette,Mayor of Saint-Denis City,and Ny Hasina Andriamanjato,Mayor of Tananarive City.President Rajkeswur Purryag

  20. Monts Jura Jazz Festival

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    The 5th edition of the "Monts Jura Jazz Festival" will take place at the Esplanade du Lac in Divonne-les-Bains, France on September 21 and 22. This festival organized by the CERN Jazz Club and supported by the CERN Staff Association is becoming a major musical event in the Geneva region. International Jazz artists like Didier Lockwood and David Reinhardt are part of this year outstanding program. Full program and e-tickets are available on the festival website. Don't miss this great festival!

  1. D’Alger à Damas, des auteurs en mal d’archives ?

    OpenAIRE

    Horchani, Ines

    2014-01-01

    D’Alger à Damas, la colonisation n’a pas eu les mêmes effets sur les productions littéraires postcoloniales. Le rapport au passé a varié selon les formes de colonisation (ancienne colonie de peuplement, ancien protectorat, ou ancien mandat), selon les périodes (avec deux temps forts, les années 80, et les années 2000), selon les personnalités et les parcours des auteurs. Nous nous intéresserons aux pratiques d’auteurs héritiers de l’histoire coloniale algérienne (Didier Daeninckx, Taos Amrouc...

  2. How did Annuncio Finance%Annuncio公司的融资历程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马秀兰; 闾声孚

    2003-01-01

    在本案例中,企业家Didier Moretti(以下简称Moretti),与风险资本家Promod Haque和Jos Henkens(以下分别简称为Haque和Henkens)共同构想要研发一种软件系统(Annuncio软件),他们合作发起建立了一家公司,并把这个想法付诸于实践。以下是对这个过程的具体描述。

  3. Vejez homosexual: las heridas del lenguaje

    OpenAIRE

    Giribuela, Walter

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo abordamos algunos aspectos de la relación existente entre discurso, homosexualidad masculina y vejez, a partir de testimonios obtenidos en entrevistas realizadas a varones homosexuales en situación de vejez. Tomamos como anclaje teórico para ello principalmente dos propuestas: la de Judith Butler, quien sostiene en Lenguaje, poder e identidad (1997), que es posible ser herido por el lenguaje, y la de Didier Eribon, quien postula en Reflexiones sobre la cuestión gay (2001) la c...

  4. University of Geneva | Conferences in November

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    To celebrate the 20th anniversary of Michel Mayor and Didier Quelozof's discovery of the first extrasolar planet, the University of Geneva is organising a lecture featuring the two astrophysicists | On the occasion of the centenary of General Relativity, NCCR SwissMAP together with the mathematics and physics departments of the University of Geneva is organising a series of 4 colloquia.   Lecture in French. For more information, click here. Conferences in French (except on 24 November). For more information, click here.

  5. From Europe to the United States, Rousseau Takes on the Fall Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarter, Tricia

    2014-06-01

    Denis-Didier Rousseau smiles shyly when discussing his new role as the chair of AGU's Fall Meeting Program Committee. "I'm not used to giving interviews," he says. Nonetheless, he becomes very passionate as he begins to talk about his views on transdisciplinary science and its role in AGU meetings, on including more young scientists in planning meetings, and on the importance of virtual meetings. Rousseau, who is currently a visiting professor at Columbia University, sat with Eos to share his excitement about working with AGU.

  6. Chapitre 4. L’assistance publique

    OpenAIRE

    Crom, Jean-Pierre Le

    2015-01-01

    Des différentes formes de protection sociale, l’assistance publique, qui apparaît encore souvent comme une forme subsidiée de la charité, est certainement l’une des plus méconnues. À ce jour, il n’existe pas d’étude globale de ce secteur de la protection sociale obligatoire, mais non contributive. Depuis quelques années, l’intérêt porté à l’histoire de l’assistance est cependant manifeste. Les travaux pionniers de Didier Renard sur les relations entre assistance et assurance, celui de Christi...

  7. The anthropology of storytelling and the storytelling of anthropology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Maggio

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available These research notes concern what anthropologists currently do, and can do, with stories. Although pleas for narrative have become increasingly widespread in contemporary anthropology, an anthropologist of storytelling cannot but recognise that all anthropological production is to a certain extent a story. A question ensues: what kind of story is an ethnography? These research notes propose an answer by providing, first, a working definition of story tailored to this specific purpose. Secondly, they propound a brief illustration of the three main thematic interests of the anthropology of storytelling: the relational dynamics between the people involved in the storytelling situation; the content of the story, and the storytelling techniques. Thirdly, these aspects are examined in order to claim that an anthropology of storytelling among contemporary anthropologists is a necessary condition to respond concretely to the above-mentioned plea for narrative.

  8. Welcome home, Descartes! rethinking the anthropology of the body.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecks, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    For many scholars, the Cartesian mind/body split is one of the fundamental mistakes of the Western scientific tradition. Anthropologists who study notions of the body in cultures around the world regularly take Descartes as their point of departure. Many also suggest that breaking free from Descartes is politically liberating: if the mindful body could be rediscovered, society could move away from its materialist, positivist, and commodity-fetishizing ways. Beyond the Body Proper is anthropology's best and most comprehensive anti-Cartesian manifesto to date. This volume brings together some of the finest studies on the cultural and historical diversity of bodies and minds. Yet anthropologists' blanket rejection of the mind/body dualism seems politically self-defeating. If anthropologists want to criticize racism, gender hierarchies, or discrimination against disabled people, they need to believe that the mind is independent from the body. In other words, they need to uphold the Cartesian split. PMID:19271351

  9. 'We know the aborigines are dying out': Aboriginal people and the quest to ensure their survival, Wave Hill Station, 1944.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Geoffrey

    2014-01-01

    In 1939 an Australian anthropologist, W.E.H Stanner, believed that the nation needed to examine the question of biological and cultural preservation of the Aboriginal peoples. In an attempt to address the issue a range of proposals were suggested, most concentrating on the provision of adequate nutrition, proper medical supervision, good conditions of employment, appropriately trained field staff with sufficient financial resources, and the creation of inviolable reserves. This paper is a case study of a northwest Northern Territory cattle station, Wave Hill, where a survey conducted by two anthropologists aimed to reveal the causes of population decline on Vestey owned cattle stations. Could these anthropologists devise a way that would see an increase in station labour without having to seek new labour from marginal areas--'bush' people as they were called? Could they provide an answer to the wider challenge of stemming population decline through improving Aboriginal health? PMID:25095482

  10. Applications of Space-Age Technology in Anthropology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    The papers in this volume were presented at a conference entitled, 'Applications of Space-Age Technology in Anthropology,' held November 28, 1990, at NASA's Science and Technology Laboratory. One reason for this conference was to facilitate information exchange among a diverse group of anthropologists. Much of the research in anthropology that has made use of satellite image processing, geographical information systems, and global positioning systems has been known to only a small group of practitioners. A second reason for this conference was to promote scientific dialogue between anthropologists and professionals outside of anthropology. It is certain that both the development and proper application of new technologies will only result from greater cooperation between technicians and 'end-users.' Anthropologists can provide many useful applications to justify the costs of new technological development.

  11. FORMA Y VARIACIÓN EN LA ESTRUCTURA DE ALDEA BALINESA / Form and variation in a balinese village structure

    OpenAIRE

    Clifford Geertz

    2013-01-01

    El texto originalmente apareció bajo el título "Form and variation in a balinese village structure", en American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 61, N° 6 (Diciembre de 1959), pp. 991-1012. Agradecemos a American Anthropologist por la autorización a publicar esta traducción. Elegimos traducir y editar este texto de Clifford Geertz en la RMA, por considerarlo una pieza clave para los debates de la “era estructuralista”, por sus cualidades intrínsecas y su trascendencia para la teoría – etnogra...

  12. Ethnography at work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeran, Brian

    that of a rival firm. "Ethnography at Work" follows the experiences of the author as a participant observer in the day-to-day running of a Japanese advertising agency. The book reveals the intricate behind-the-scenes planning, discussion, negotiations and strategies needed to ensure that the agency...... personnel to heighten their understanding of their companies' organizational structures, strategies and daily work practices. Asking crucial questions about the role of the anthropologist in the field, "Ethnography at Work" introduces students to ways in which anthropologists study social systems in...

  13. Writing Irataba: On Representing Native Americans on Wikipedia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pharao Hansen, Magnus

    2016-01-01

    Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia that anyone can edit, is simultaneously an experiment in anarchic knowledge production and a realization of the long dream of modernity: storing all human knowledge. It is also a battleground for the politics of representation and for creating and circulating...... anthropological knowledge and Wikipedia's policies establishing how to authorize and re-represent narratives. These dilemmas point out to us, as 21st-century anthropologists, that we have a responsibility for being the stewards of the knowledge created by anthropologists past as well as for correcting their...

  14. Between anthropology and medicine: an analysis of the anthropological studies of Álvaro Fróes da Fonseca in the 1920s and 1930s

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana Tavares do Amaral Martins Keuller

    2012-01-01

    The physician and anthropologist Álvaro Fróes da Fonseca lived in several cities in Brazil during his career in the first half of the 20th century. He worked in the chair of Medical-Surgical Anatomy at the Faculties of Medicine of Porto Alegre, Bahia and Rio de Janeiro. As an anthropologist, he held activities at the Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro and, in the 1960s, at the Instituto de Antropologia Tropical of the Faculty of Medicine in Recife. In this article, I intend to recover the contr...

  15. Reasons for eating: personal experiences in nutrition and anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Christine S

    2002-02-01

    Social, ecological, physiological and cognitive processes all influence choices among foods that cumulate in dietary intake. This broad research field is studied by nutritionists, agricultural economists and consumer researchers, specialists in ingestive behaviour, biosocial psychologists and cognitive anthropologists of food acceptance, sociologists and anthropologists of social roles of food and historians, folklorists, geographers and other cultural scholars of belief systems surrounding food research. Each discipline has its primary concerns, sometimes with other close fields. This workshop considered merits and mechanisms of inclusive research meetings, journals and books as physical units as well as separate workers and facilities for virtual conferences, documents and organizations. PMID:11883919

  16. El retorno de Mateo Mina a la selva sin ley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Uribe Tobón

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Michael Taussig is one the most influential English-speaking anthropologists working on Colombia. Based upon his Law in a Lawless Land, the author of the present essay evaluates Taussig’s work as a foreign scholar who reproduces and underlines in his anthropology —both methodologically and in his writing— a series of representations of power and violence in Colombia. The essay is a critical analysis of what an anthropologist is to be within a contemporary setting of war, pain, and suffering.

  17. El retorno de Mateo Mina a la selva sin ley

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Alberto Uribe Tobón

    2006-01-01

    Michael Taussig is one the most influential English-speaking anthropologists working on Colombia. Based upon his Law in a Lawless Land, the author of the present essay evaluates Taussig’s work as a foreign scholar who reproduces and underlines in his anthropology —both methodologically and in his writing— a series of representations of power and violence in Colombia. The essay is a critical analysis of what an anthropologist is to be within a contemporary setting of war, pain, and suffering....

  18. Contact and Connection: A Cross-Cultural Look at Parenting Styles in Bali and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kestenberg-Amighi, Janet

    2004-01-01

    This article argues that a culturally approved style of nonverbal parent-infant interaction influences the unfolding parent-child relationship and the child's social development. The author, an anthropologist, compares parenting styles in the "low-contact" culture of the United States with parenting in the "high-contact" culture of Bali. The…

  19. The Contemporary City as Backbone: Museum Rotterdam Meets the Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    van de Laar, Paul Th.

    2013-01-01

    Changes at Museum Rotterdam illustrate how history museums can rethink their relationship to history and community. Recognizing that its residents are increasingly transnational, without ties to the Rotterdam of the past, Museum Rotterdam is using the tools of urban anthropologists to involve residents in exploring contemporary heritage. Museum…

  20. Folk Literature of the Warao Indians; Narrative Material and Motif Content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilbert, Johannes

    The Latin American Center, University of California at Los Angeles, presents a collection of the folk literature of the "boat people," the Warao Indians of the Orinoco Delta of Venezuela and Guyana. According to Professor Johannes Wilbert and other anthropologists, "the inaccessibility of their habitat has preserved their tribal culture to this…

  1. Women in History--Maria Montessori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zierdt, Ginger L.

    2007-01-01

    This article profiles Maria Montessori, an international ambassador for children who became known for her theories and methods of pedagogy, called the "Montessori Method." Montessori developed an educational theory, which combined ideas of scholar Froebel, anthropologists Giuseooe Serge, French physicians Jean Itard and Edouard Sequin, with…

  2. Nisaidie Nif Anye Mwenyewe, Pomogi Mne Eto Sdelat' Samomu: A Comparative Case Study of the Implementation of Montessori Pedagogy in the United Republic of Tanzania and the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnepf, Candy A.

    2010-01-01

    The system of education developed by Maria Montessori, noted Italian feminist, anthropologist and physician, is the single largest pedagogy in the world with over 22,000 public, private, parochial, and charter schools on six continents, enduring even as other teaching methods have waxed and waned. Despite its international diffusion and longevity,…

  3. Clifford Geertz: A career

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bošković Aleksandar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents some concepts of the recently deceased American anthropologist Clifford Geertz, putting them into the specific context of his rich and interesting career, influences that he had, as well as some reactions to his ideas. A particular attention is placed upon the concept of culture, as the key concept in the 20th century American anthropology.

  4. Complicating the Concept of Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson-Levitt, Kathryn M.

    2012-01-01

    This essay argues against a simple, reified view of culture as a set of ideas and norms belonging to a group or nation, and considers the implications of a more complicated concept for discussion of world culture and the global/local nexus. Most anthropologists define culture as the making of meaning, with an emphasis on the process itself as…

  5. On Teaching Ethnographic Film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarfield, Geoffrey

    2013-01-01

    The author of this article, a developmental anthropologist, illustrates how the instructor can use ethnographic films to enhance the study of anthropology and override notions about the scope and efficacy of Western intervention in the Third World, provided the instructor places such films in their proper historical and cultural context. He…

  6. Silent Song: a Performative Documentary Film

    OpenAIRE

    Grossman, Alan; O'Brien, A.

    2000-01-01

    Screenings 2011: Leitrim Film Festival, Cinema Northwest (February). 2009:
 Seeing Cultures: Wellington Ethnographic Cinema, University of Victoria, New Zealand, Travelling Göttingen International Ethnographic Film Festival (January). 2008: Delhi International Ethnographic Film Festival, Department of Sociology, University of Delhi, India (November). Anthropological Film, Video and New Media Festival, 10th Biennial Conference, European Association of Social Anthropologists (EASA),...

  7. Here to Stay: a Documentary Film

    OpenAIRE

    Grossman, Alan; O'Brien, A.

    2006-01-01

    Screenings 2011: Leitrim Film Festival, Cinema Northwest (February). 2009:
 Seeing Cultures: Wellington Ethnographic Cinema, University of Victoria, New Zealand, Travelling Göttingen International Ethnographic Film Festival (January). 2008: Delhi International Ethnographic Film Festival, Department of Sociology, University of Delhi, India (November). Anthropological Film, Video and New Media Festival, 10th Biennial Conference, European Association of Social Anthropologist...

  8. Helping Preservice Teachers (PSTs) Understand the Realities of Poverty: Innovative Curriculum Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Moon-Heum; Convertino, Christina; Khourey-Bowers, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an innovative addition to the curriculum to help preservice teachers cultivate an understanding of poverty. Using technology, an interdisciplinary team created two online learning modules entitled Teacher as Learning Facilitator and Teacher as Anthropologist. Preservice teachers valued the newly developed…

  9. Socio-cultural dimensions to sharpen designer's cultural eyeglasses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Boeijen, A.G.C.

    2013-01-01

    This paper answers the question, how the dimensions that have been developed by anthropologists to typify cultures, can support designers in user-centred design processes. An analysis and evaluation of the use of cultural dimensions in design projects was performed. Although many of the dimensions f

  10. Ethics or Morals: Understanding Students' Values Related to Genetic Tests on Humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Mats Gunnar

    2009-01-01

    To make meaning of scientific knowledge in such a way that concepts and values of the life-world are not threatened is difficult for students and laymen. Ethics and morals pertaining to the use of genetic tests for hereditary diseases have been investigated and discussed by educators, anthropologists, medical doctors and philosophers giving, at…

  11. The City in Supranational and Regional Networks - The Central European Experience

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uherek, Zdeněk

    Praha, 1993 - (Uherek, Z.), s. 5-18 ISBN 80-85010-73-9. - (Prague Occasional Papers in Ethnology.. 2). [The Conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists; Workshop; The Town in Supranational and Regional Networks /2./. Praha (CR), 30.08.1993-31.08.1993

  12. Ch-ch-ch-ch-ch-changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Nature is on the move. They have a snazzy new home page design and their lead story takes us to San Francisco, where discomfited anthropologists are discussing books at the American Anthropological Association’s Annual Meeting. Science stays home and leads with a story about the lagging math and science skills of U.S. students.

  13. Grid-group cultural theory: an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V. Mamadouh

    1999-01-01

    This article offers an introduction to grid-group cultural theory (also known as grid-group analysis, Cultural Theory or theory of socio-cultural viability), an approach that has been developed over the past thirty years in the work of the British anthropologists Mary Douglas and Michael Thompson, t

  14. Margaret Mead: Anthropological Perspective on Educational Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monroe, Suzanne S.

    Anthropologist Margaret Mead focused much of her thinking, speaking, and writing on education and the impact of rapid change on educational theory and practice. The history of Mead's writings shows sensitivity to both tradition and change. A selection of 12 of Mead's publications provides insight into Mead's innovative and thought-provoking ideas.…

  15. A Century of Margaret Mead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDermott, Ray

    2001-01-01

    Analyzes Margaret Mead's contributions, focusing on Mead as an anthropologist and educator. It discusses contradictions in her ethnographies and in her work on learning. The paper also discusses her beliefs about the problems of the contemporary United States, particularly her rarely noticed contributions to a theory of learning. (SM)

  16. On call Ethnography, Situational Ethics and Shared Vulnerability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anja Marie Bornø

    anthropologist could not be revealed to families still hoping for the survival of their loved one. The paper will discuss how to navigate such difficult ethical terrains using your informants, in this case doctors, nurses and donor families as advisors. Inspired by these premises for researching death regarding...

  17. Striking a Balance in Educational Aid to the Handicapped: Some Thoughts on General Education and PL 94-142.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millsap, William

    A social anthropologist suggests that other decision making models besides the consensual one (which assumes that the public behaves in accordance with values and attitudes) should be adopted by education as a result of shrinking resources, and discusses approaches to making decisions resulting from P.L. 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped…

  18. Working with Child Prostitutes in Thailand: Problems of Practice and Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Heather

    2007-01-01

    Conducting anthropological fieldwork on the emotive issue of child prostitution raises difficult issues for anthropologists and other researchers. This article examines the ethical dilemmas of working with these extremely vulnerable children, focusing on the difference between the researcher's own interpretations and those given by the children…

  19. Language Death: A Freirean Solution in the Heart of the Amazon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Alex

    2013-01-01

    "Language death" is an undeniable phenomenon of our modern times as languages have started to disappear at an alarming rate. This has led linguists, anthropologists, philosophers and educationists to engage with this issue at various levels in an attempt to try to understand the decline in this rich area of human communication and culture. In this…

  20. All Intimate Grammars Leak: Reflections on "Indian Languages in Unexpected Places"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroskrity, Paul V.

    2011-01-01

    In this discussion of a set of studies that fits the trope of "Indian Languages in Unexpected Places," I explore the obvious necessity of developing a relevant notion of linguistic "leakage" following a famous image from the writings of the linguistic anthropologist Edward Sapir. Though in its original use, the concept applied more to the order of…

  1. Regarding Chilcott's "Structural Functionalism as a Heuristic Device" Heuristically.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blot, Richard K.

    1998-01-01

    The heuristic value of Chilcott's essay lies less in its support for structural functionalism and more in its concern to reexamine theory in the work of earlier educational anthropologists for what earlier theories and practices can add to current research. (SLD)

  2. Testing theories about ethnic markers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Holm; Petersen, Michael Bang; Høgh-Olesen, Henrik;

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, evolutionary psychologists and anthropologists have debated whether ethnic markers have evolved to solve adaptive problems related to interpersonal coordination or to interpersonal cooperation. In the present study, we add to this debate by exploring how individuals living in a m...

  3. Man Corn: Cannibalism and Violence in the Prehistoric American Southwest. Christy G. Turner and Jacqueline A. Turner. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, 1999

    OpenAIRE

    Charles C. Kolb

    1999-01-01

    Human sacrifice and cannibalism, the potential for institutionalized violence or warfare, witchcraft or sorcery, and ritual executions are emotionally charged issues; but some anthropologists and other learned scholars now suggest that these activities and behaviors occurred in the American Southwest, a region usually depicted for peace, harmony, tranquility, and spirituality. Christy Turner, Regents' Professor in the ...

  4. Hierarchical Multi-View Representation of Spatial Data; Application to the Analysis of Corsican Neolithic Tombs

    OpenAIRE

    Hadi Khoumeri, El; Santucci, Jean-François; Federici, Dominique

    2005-01-01

    We present in this article how, starting from a joint project undertaken at the University of Corsica between computer sciences researchers, anthropologists and astronomers, the problem of the definition of the concepts of abstraction levels and views of spatial data is crucial for analyzing archeological data.

  5. Contributions of Qualitative Research to the Validity of Intervention Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nastasi, B.K.; Schensul, S.L.

    2005-01-01

    The Interdisciplinary Qualitative Research Subcommittee (IQRS) of the Task for on Evidence-based Interventions in School Psychology assumed the responsibility of developing criteria for reviewing qualitative methods used in intervention research. The IQRS, composed primarily of psychologists and anthropologists, was confronted with the…

  6. Within a range of possibilities: morality and ethics in social life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Zigon

    2009-01-01

    Despite its now common currency the anthropological concept of morality remains underdeveloped. One anthropologist who has made several important attempts to work out a more precise theoretical concept of morality is Joel Robbins. In his most recent contribution to this endeavor Robbins addresses th

  7. Da sincronia à diacronica: os "três tempos" da "história total" de Braudel a partir de um diálogo com Levi-Strauss

    OpenAIRE

    José Eustáquio Ribeiro

    2009-01-01

    This article aims to make a discussion on the theoretical concept of “three times in history” established and widely used by French historian Fernand Braudel. To that end, seeks to recover the dialogue established with the controversial anthropologist Claude Levis-Strauss.

  8. Da sincronia à diacronica: os "três tempos" da "história total" de Braudel a partir de um diálogo com Levi-Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Eustáquio Ribeiro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to make a discussion on the theoretical concept of “three times in history” established and widely used by French historian Fernand Braudel. To that end, seeks to recover the dialogue established with the controversial anthropologist Claude Levis-Strauss.

  9. Anthropology & Philosophy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The present book is no ordinary anthology, but rather a workroom in which anthropologists and philosophers initiate a dialogue on trust and hope, two important topics for both fields of study. The book combines work between scholars from different universities in the U.S. and Denmark. Thus, besid......, therefore, also inspire others to work in the productive intersection between anthropology and philosophy....

  10. Culture in Animals: The Case of a Non-human Primate Culture of Low Aggression and High Affiliation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapolsky, Robert M.

    2006-01-01

    Philosophers often consider what it is that makes individuals human. For biologists considering the same, the answer is often framed in the context of what are the key differences between humans and other animals. One vestige of human uniqueness still often cited by anthropologists is culture. However, this notion has been challenged in recent…

  11. The Evolution from Generation to Post-XX

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Zhao

    2011-01-01

    Young people represent the future, and youth is an eternal topic. In the 1970s when the American anthropologist Margaret Mead published her famous work "Generation Gap," research on generations gained sudden popularity worldwide, and ever since the 1980s when "Generation Gap" was brought to China, research by scholars in this country on the…

  12. Communication as an Organizing Principle in the National Standards: Sociolinguistic Aspects of Spanish Language Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klee, Carol A.

    1998-01-01

    The Standards for Foreign Language Learning present a definition of language teaching that includes the sociolinguistic and cultural aspects of language. The article analyzes the concept of communicative competence as used by sociolinguists and anthropologists and examines some of the components of communication (interpersonal, interpretive, and…

  13. The Politics of Sport

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    American athlete-turned-anthropologist hopes the Olympics will foster greater understanding between China and the rest of the world sjsan Brownell,an anthropology srofessor at the University of Missouri,St.Louis,guesses she might have been the only nonChinese person crying in front of

  14. Professional Culture: The Boundary Between Theory and Practice in Design. Revised Draft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, Setha M.

    This paper describes two research projects in the anthropology of landscape architecture design which show that "professional culture" restrictions often prevent anthropologists from putting their theories into practice. The first research project grew out of the author's assumption that landscape architecture students were not producing socially…

  15. Business, Anthropology, and Magical Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeran, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Magic is one of the oldest subjects of discussion and theorizing in anthropology. From time to time, anthropologists, as well as other scholars from other disciplines, have suggested that magic is not specific to “primitive” societies, but is alive and well in contemporary industrialised societies...

  16. RSM Outlook Summer 2011 : Social Media: strategies for success

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract#### Connecting as a cultural imperative (Karen Stephenson) Before developing any strategy for social media, it is essential to understand the fundamentals of why it is humans need to connect and network with one another. Karen Stephenson, a corporate anthropologist, provides the in

  17. Business Anthropology, Family Ideology and Japan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeran, Brian

    2012-01-01

    in Japan. It also looks at how the family ideology in Japanese business first described and explained by anthropologists has been taken up by those with an interest in the Japanese industrial system, but working in field of management and business studies without any particular specialization in...

  18. 76 FR 73667 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    .... ADDRESSES: LTC David Caldwell, U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District... of the human remains were examined by physical anthropologist J. A. Lynch (UI) and were determined to... LTC David Caldwell, U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District,...

  19. Dem Bones: Forensic Resurrection of a Skeleton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruce, Alease

    2001-01-01

    Presents an activity for students to determine the sex and age of an individual from a collection of bones. Simulates some of the actual procedures conducted in a forensic anthropologist's lab, examining and identifying bones through a series of lab activities. (Author/ASK)

  20. "Dem Wod Mo Saf": Materials for Reading Creole English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kephart, Ronald

    As part of a study that sought ways to improve the language arts educational experience for Grenadian children, an anthropologist investigated how Carriacou Creole English (CCE) reading materials could be provided and how these children would react to them. CCE is the native language of the inhabitants of Carriacou, a sister island of Grenada. The…

  1. A World of Babies: Imagined Childcare Guides for Seven Societies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLoache, Judy S., Ed.; Gottlieb, Alma, Ed.

    People living in different parts of the world hold diverse beliefs about the nature and the nurturing of infants. Celebrating that diversity and based on the research of anthropologists, psychologists, and historians, this book presents information on child care from seven societies around the world, past and present, illustrating how the…

  2. The Missing Link Expeditions; or how the Peking Man wasn't found

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    To many anthropologists in the 1920s, Asia seemed the most likely place for ‘the cradle of mankind’. Fame, prestige and money were intimately connected in the hunt for humankind’s earliest ancestors and, thus, a lot was at stake for those involved. Several countries were competing for access to...

  3. Women, worms and work: Implications of conservation management and declining biodiversity on subsistence practices and health of Aka populations in the Congo Basin

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Robinson, C. A. J.; Remis, M. J.; Petrželková, Klára Judita; Hůzová, Z.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 153, S58 (2014), s. 154. ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /83./. 08.04.2014-12.04.2014, Calgary] Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Subject RIV: FN - Epidemiology, Contagious Diseases ; Clinical Immunology

  4. Påvirker kulturen smerten? Om voldsomme udbrud og diskrete rynker i panden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørring, Marie Louise

    In this article, the author urges anthropologists to stop ignoring culture's presence in social life and to take a more contextual approach to pain and culture in order to challenge the emergent cultural essentialism in health care literature. The study is founded on six months of ethnographic...

  5. The Language of Food: A Review of the 2009 Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery

    OpenAIRE

    Mac Con Iomaire, Máirtín

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews the 2009 Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery, which was held in St. Catherine's College, Oxford. This year's theme was Food and Language and over forty papers were delivered to and audience of over two hundred leading food writers, historians, scientists, anthropologists, linguists, culinary students, and general food enthusiasts.

  6. Diet-microbe co-metabolic interactions in wild primates reveal clues on human evolution

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gomez, A. M.; Rothman, J. M.; Petrželková, Klára Judita; Yeoman, C. J.; Vlčková, K.; Umana, J. D.; Carr, M.; Modrý, D.; Tod, A.; Nelson, K.; Stumpf, R. M.; Wilson, B. A.; White, B. A.; Leigh, S. R.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 156, č. 60 (2015), s. 149. ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /84./. 25.03.2015-28.03.2015, St Louis] Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : wild primates * human evolution Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology

  7. Children's Everydaylife at Christianø - an etnographic film

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehder, Mads

    2012-01-01

    , thousands of screeching gulls, seasonal colonies of whistling eiders, and the constant buffeting of the Baltic wind. The film focuses on the everyday lives of children for whom the small island of Christiansø is home. It’s done as a filmed fieldwork, from January to September 2011. Anthropologist...

  8. Gender Bias in Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bynum, Gregory Lewis

    2014-01-01

    The philosophical anthropologist Dorothy Dinnerstein, in her 1976 work "The Mermaid and the Minotaur: Sexual Arrangements and Human Malaise," argued that in order for us to address the excesses of male-dominated rule in society (militarism, rapacious consumerism), we must attack the root cause of patriarchy--women's domination of early…

  9. An historical skull collection and its use in forensic odontology and anthropology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejrsen, B; Lynnerup, N; Hejmadi, M

    2005-01-01

    The Institute of Forensic Medicine, Copenhagen, houses a collection of historical skulls of unclear origin, marked with a general geographic or "racial descriptor". Would these historical skulls be of any value for the forensic odontologist and anthropologist concerned with teaching and casework?...

  10. Changes in mobility patterns from the European Upper Paleolithic through Bronze Age as reflected in femoral and tibial cross-sectional geometry

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sládek, Vladimír; Holt, B. M.; Berner, M.; Ruff, C. B.

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 126, S40 (2005), s. 192. ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /74./. 06.04.05-09.04.05, Milwaukee] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : anthropology Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  11. The West African sports official : an insider's view of sports administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van W.E.A.

    2013-01-01

    Using my own experience as a sports administrator, I describe and analyse the organisational culture of West African sports. As a cultural anthropologist and draughts player, I have been President of the Fédération Mondiale du Jeu de Dames for eleven years, followed by four years as Executive Vice-P

  12. Optimeringseksperimenter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winthereik, Brit Ross; Jensen, Casper Bruun

    2014-01-01

    , we thus engage such practices as non-reductive. This post-critical perspective further enables us to compare the knowledge work of environmental consultants and of anthropologists. While reduction of complexity are important aspects of relevant forms of optimization in both kinds of work...

  13. Beatrice Medicine and the Anthropology of Education: Legacy and Vision for Critical Race/Critical Language Research and Praxis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deyhle, Donna; McCarty, Teresa L.

    2007-01-01

    Over a 50-year professional career, Dr. Beatrice Medicine never failed to assert the importance of Indigenous language rights or to challenge racism in the academy, public schools, and society. She urged educational anthropologists to confront racism in our research with Indigenous peoples. She challenged linguicism and urged the teaching of…

  14. Cross-Cultural Language Learning and Web Design Complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Ji Yong

    2015-01-01

    Accepting the fact that culture and language are interrelated in second language learning (SLL), the web sites should be designed to integrate with the cultural aspects. Yet many SLL web sites fail to integrate with the cultural aspects and/or focus on language acquisition only. This study identified three issues: (1) anthropologists'…

  15. Language: a social mirror

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁钰

    2015-01-01

    <正>Language and gender studies have experienced a long history in the field of linguistics.Sociolinguists did various kinds of research concerning gender-differentiated use of language.The differences between man’s and woman’s language has long been noticed by anthropologists,historians and linguistics.Then there gradually emerged great gap between male and

  16. Developing Curriculum Materials for Endangered Language Education: Lessons from the Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malone, Dennis L.

    2003-01-01

    With the gloomy prospect of massive language extinction over the next 100 years, efforts by applied linguists, educational anthropologists, and multilingual educators to reverse the trends in language loss are increasing. Education in minority languages seems to be a key to maintaining endangered languages and cultures. One often cited challenge…

  17. Participatory Innovation in SMEs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; de Lille, Christine

    2010-01-01

    (SME) fare in this respect? Some literature is known in this context, Heiskanen et al. (2007) provide many insights on working with SMEs, especially on technology oriented SMEs. De Lille et al. (2009) gives an overview of problems designers experience when conducting user studies. Asboe (2009) provides...... an anthropologists perspective on user studies within SMEs....

  18. Culture, Education, Anthropology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varenne, Herve

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that the anthropology of education must focus on what people do to educate themselves outside the constraints constituting the problematics of schooling. Anthropologists must do this precisely to fulfill their public role as legitimate participants in the conversations about understanding and transforming schooling. When…

  19. Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship and Legacy in Anthropology and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornberger, Nancy H., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Dell Hathaway Hymes, linguistic anthropologist and educational visionary extraordinaire, passed away in November 2009, leaving behind a voluminous scholarship and inspirational legacy in the study of language and inequality, ethnography, sociolinguistics, Native American ethnopoetics, and education. This essay provides a brief account of Hymes's…

  20. Characterization of the gastrointestinal bacterial communities of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gomez, A.; Yeoman, C. J.; White, B. A.; Petrželková, Klára Judita; Todd, A.; Stumpf, R. M.; Nelson, K. E.; Torralba, M.; Gillis, M.; Wilson, B. A.; Leigh, S. R.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 150, S56 (2013), s. 132-133. ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American-Association of Physical Anthropologists /82./. 09.04.2013-13.04.2013, Knoxville] Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : bacteria * western lowland gorilla s Subject RIV: EG - Zoology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22247/pdf

  1. Chapter Two: Foundations for the Study of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Richard F.

    2008-01-01

    In this chapter, the historical roots of contemporary Practice Theory are unearthed in the work of semioticians, philosophers, and anthropologists. Saussure's semiotic theory is contrasted with that of Peirce, and the importance of Peirce's work for understanding the context of signs is stressed. The philosophy of language in the writings of…

  2. New evidence on the tool-assisted hunting exhibited by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in a savannah habitat at Fongoli, Sénégal

    OpenAIRE

    Pruetz, J. D.; Bertolani, P.; Ontl, K. Boyer; Lindshield, S.; Shelley, M.; Wessling, E. G.

    2015-01-01

    For anthropologists, meat eating by primates like chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) warrants examination given the emphasis on hunting in human evolutionary history. As referential models, apes provide insight into the evolution of hominin hunting, given their phylogenetic relatedness and challenges reconstructing extinct hominin behaviour from palaeoanthropological evidence. Among chimpanzees, adult males are usually the main hunters, capturing vertebrate prey by hand. Savannah chimpanzees (P. t...

  3. Memory, Trauma, and Phantasmagoria in Claudia Llosa's "La Teta Asustada"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rueda, Carolina

    2015-01-01

    The film "La teta asustada" (Claudia Llosa, 2009) was inspired by the text titled "Entre prójimos: El conflicto armado interno y la política de la reconciliación en el Perú" by the medical anthropologist Kimberly Theidon. In this study, Theidon compiles the testimonies of a group of indigenous women who were sexually assaulted…

  4. Making Anthropology Matter. Osobnosti evropské antropologie ve vile Lanna

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uherek, Zdeněk

    -, č. 11 (2015), s. 14-15. ISSN 1210-9525 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : conference * social anthropology * European Association for Social Anthropologists (EASA) Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology http://abicko.avcr.cz/2015/11/08/index.html

  5. Shifting positions between anthropology, religion and development: the case of Christianity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. van der Geest

    2011-01-01

    Anthropologists in Africa used to have an ambivalent relationship with missionary Christianity and international development work. Being active in the same areas but with different intentions reinforced mutual stereotypes and added to the uneasiness. This seems to be changing now. Christianity has p

  6. Some Ways to Endanger an Endangered Language Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whaley, Lindsay J.

    2011-01-01

    The success of programs that are focused on revitalizing an endangered language depends on careful implementation. This paper examines four common mistakes that are made when linguists and anthropologists get involved with documenting endangered languages or participating in revitalization efforts: a failure to appreciate the complexity of the…

  7. Histories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Michael

    1997-01-01

    Suggests that peoples' encoded historical understandings are significant and therefore central to research. Delineates intellectual currents, such as an interest in the subjective world of humans, that have brought historians and anthropologists into a dialogue that has promoted cross-fertilization. Notes the impact of literary theory on that…

  8. Scholars Prescribe Freud's "Talking Cure" for Problems of Interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Karen J.

    1986-01-01

    While Freud's reputation is in decline among psychiatrists and psychologists, it is on the rise among literary and film critics, historians, anthropologists, and political scientists, where it is being adopted as a tool to help analyze historical movements, literary works and films, cultural patterns, and political theories. (MSE)

  9. Thèses de doctorat soutenues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available LEGRAND Stéphane, Le normal et l'anormal (une archéologie du concept de norme dans l'oeuvre de Michel Foucault. Thèse soutenue à l’Université de Lille III, le lundi 8 décembre 2003.Composition du jury :M. Etienne Balibar, Professeur émérite à l'Université de Paris X-NanterreM. Didier Deleule, Professeur à l'Université de Paris X-NanterreM. Frédéric Worms, Professeur à l'Université de Lille IIIM. Pierre Macherey, Professeur à l'Université de Lille III, Directeur de thèse. Nous nous efforçons ...

  10. La parenté hagiographique, d’après Jacques de Voragine et les manuscrits enluminés de la Légende dorée (c. 1260-1490

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chloé Maillet

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Composition du juryMadame Anita Guerreau-Jalabert, Directrice de recherche, CNRS (rapporteur,Madame Christiane Klapisch-Zuber, Directrice d’études, ÉHESSMonsieur Didier Lett, Professeur des universités, Université Paris VII-Paris Diderot (rapporteur,Monsieur Paul Payan, Maître de conférences, Université d’Avignon,Monsieur Jean-Claude Schmitt, Directeur d’études, ÉHESS.Thèse soutenue le 6 septembre 2010RésuméPour tenter de définir une parenté hagiographique médiévale, – paradoxale puisque ce...

  11. Les frontières sonores de la voix-over

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Séverine Abhervé

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available À la sortie du film De Beaux Lendemains, le critique Didier Péron releva l’importance de la bande sonore dans le processus narratif : « […] Le motif sonore, ou vocal, traverse […] le film et devient vite essentiel […]. C’est […] bien le charme de la musique qui mène la danse et le son qui guide nos pas sur la plate-forme risquée du film, patinoire esthétique pour débâcles intérieures. » Ce motif vocal dont il est question, c’est bien l’argument que nous nous proposons de développer ici : étud...

  12. Partial briquetting of coal charges as a means of utilizing lower-grade coal for coke making

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pieters, B.J. (Iscor Limited, Newcastle (South Africa))

    1991-08-01

    The paper describes the difficulties experienced with inferior coking coals as Iscor began using larger blast furnaces for the production of liquid iron. Research conducted at Iscor from 1977 to 1979 showed that benefits could be gained from the use of partially briquetted charges, and it was decided to install briquetting plants at the Vanderbijlpark and Newcastle Works. Details are given of the latter plant, which was supplied by a consortium consisting of Voest Alpine, Didier Engineering, and Sumitomo Metal Industries. Sumitomo also supplied information on the optimization of coke quality along the lines of their Sumicoal System. The results have been a marked improvement in coke quality, much better blast-furnace operation, and increased productivity. 11 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. Special dossier: new energies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This special dossier about renewable energies is made of 14 contributions dealing with: wind turbines against radars, legal constraints on wind farms location (Fabrice Cassin); the sea, an ocean of wind energy (Stephane His); marine energies, a promising sector (Frederic Le Lidec); Gamesa, an integrated actor of the wind power industry; the great future of renewable marine energies (Michel Paillard); focus on wind power (Patrick Vandevoorde); wind power, a new industrial adventure (Jean Huby); hydropower, a renewed modernity (Emmanuel Soetaert); the new needs of tomorrows' cities (Francois Bertiere); the control of power consumption, a huge market in progress (Didier Zwierski, Michel Kuntz); in the heart of the smart grids revolution (Pierre Mallet); the smart-city, an established reality (Nathalie Leboucher); imagining solutions for the environment (Murat Isikveren); energy: towards a smart consumption (Romain Vacher)

  14. IMPACTS !

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    (Photo courtesy of Don Davis / NASA)The University of Geneva (UNIGE) and the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale of Lausanne (EPFL) are organising the 4th series of public lectures on astronomy, on the theme of "Impacts". The schedule is as follows: Il y a 100 ans : une explosion dans la Tunguska – Dr. Frédéric COURBIN, EPFL Les impacts sur Terre – Prof. Didier Queloz, UNIGE La fin des dinosaures – Dr. Stéphane Paltani, UNIGE Wednesday 7 May 2008, from 7.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m. Auditoire CO1, EPFL, Ecublens Thursday 08 May 2008, from 7.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m. Auditoire Rouiller, Uni-Dufour, Genève All 3 lectures will be givent each evening! Admission free Information: 022 379 22 00

  15. Report: L’inconscio, il tempo, il suono. Su psicoanalisi e musica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Gardini

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The system of classical psychoanalysis, as built by Freud, grants almost no space to the phenomenon of sound and music. Indeed, many aspects of music, though not all, appear incompatible with his conception of the unconscious. Only slowly and painfully, through the reflection and the analytical and aesthetic categories worked out by figures such as Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott, Daniel Stern, Didier Anzieu and Michel Imberty, music has finally found its rightful place in the vast map of psychoanalytic science. Many metapsychological categories first elaborated by Freud appear now, retrospectively, as limited on the one hand to the iconic and linguistic dimension, on the other to specifically pathological situations and finally, from the musical point of view, to the "new music", testimony of the world in “era of the technique” and subject of the masterly analysis by Theodor Adorno.

  16. Authorization procedure for the construction and operation of nuclear installations within the EC Member States, including supervision and control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is an updating of the report EUR 5284, Authorization procedure for the construction and operation of nuclear installations within the EEC Member States, prepared in 1974 by J.M. Didier and Associates. Recent developments regarding the authorization procedure for the construction and operation of nuclear installations have taken place in Italy (introduction of a site approval procedure) and in Denmark (adoption of an overall legislation on the subject, however not yet in force). With respect to supervision and control of nuclear installations during construction and operation, competences of, as well as their exercise by, supervisory authorities in all EC Member States, with the exception of Ireland, are also analysed in the current study

  17. Aide-toi, le ciel t’aidera !

    OpenAIRE

    Michel Messu

    2010-01-01

    L’auteur, qui a lui-même analysé les transformations des systèmes et dispositifs de la protection sociale française et en a fourni une interprétation socio-historique conduite en termes d’« assurance d’assistance », discute l’approche de Didier Vrancken dans son ouvrage Nouvel ordre protectionnel. Il s’attache d’abord à circonscrire en quoi cette approche nous amène à renouveler les conceptions qui avaient cours en matière d’analyse sociologique des systèmes de protection sociale élaborés au ...

  18. Isolated bilateral ectopic microspherophakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Omgbwa Eballe

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available André Omgbwa Eballe1, Godefroy Koki2, Emilienne Epée2, Didier Owono2, Lucienne Bella Asumpta2, Côme Ebana Mvogo21Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceuticals Sciences, University of Douala Cameroon; 2Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé CameroonSummary: An eight-year-old school girl presented to us with a bilateral ectopic microspherophakia. She was surgically managed in the ophthalmology unit of the Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital of Yaoundé in Cameroon. The postoperative follow up was uneventful, and the patient returned to school with a best corrected visual acuity of 4/10 in both eyes to the great satisfaction of her parents.Keywords: ectopic, microspherophakia, surgery

  19. Orange将为客户提供量身定制的云计算服务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Orange公司近日在京举办了一场以”云计算”为主题的媒体推介会。会上,Orange Business Services全球服务部高级副总裁Didier Jaubert表示,该公司已经在整个亚太地区投入了大量的精力,中国是Orange一个不能忽略的市场,Orange Business Services已经与中国电信和中国联通建立了网络到网络的接口,可为国内约200座城市提供IPVPN接人。

  20. The role of EGFR-targeting strategies in the treatment of head and neck cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dequanter D

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Didier Dequanter, Mohammad Shahla, Pascal Paulus, Philippe H LothaireDepartment of Surgery, CHU Charleroi (Hopital Andre Vésale, Montigny le Tilleul, BelgiumAbstract: With its targeted mechanism of action and synergistic activity with current treatment modalities, cetuximab is a potentially valuable treatment option for patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell cancer of the head and neck who have progressed on cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The use of cetuximab in combination with radiotherapy as definitive treatment for locoregionally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head and neck is generally restricted to patients unfit to receive cisplatin-based chemoradiation, which is still considered the standard of care. The effect of this epidermal growth factor receptor antagonist occurs without any change in the pattern and the severity of toxicity usually associated with head and neck radiation.Keywords: cetuximab, SCCHN, radiotherapy

  1. Les familles aristocratiques de l'Albigeois au VIème et VIIème siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Réal, Isabelle

    1996-01-01

    Pour l'Aquitaine du VIè et VIIè siècle, quelques sources exceptionnelles permettent de mettre en lumière l'histoire de deux familles aristocratiques de la région albigeoise qui ont su faire parler d'elles : la première appartient à une vieille et puissante lignée sénatoriale du Midi de la Gaule, les Salvi-Didier ; la seconde, aux noms germaniques, celle de Chramsicus et de sa fille Ségolène, s'est probablement fixée à Albi au cours du VIème siècle, accompagnant l'emprise des Francs sur la rég...

  2. Une école entièrement nouvelle

    OpenAIRE

    Chevalier, Jean-Claude

    2014-01-01

    N° 1004, 1-15 décembre 2009 L'École normale de l'an III (tome 4) Leçons d'analyse de l'entendement, art de la parole, littérature, morale : Garat, Sicard, La Harpe, Bernardin de Saint-Pierresous la direction de Jean Dhombres et Béatrice DidierÉd. ENS rue d'Ulm ; 714 p. Par un étrange paradoxe, une révolution qui s'était nourrie de philosophes grands réformateurs de l'éducation, de Jean-Jacques, des savants de l'Encyclopédie, comme d'Alembert, auteur du célèbre article « Collège », cette révol...

  3. Borderline Personality: From Self Limits to Body Limits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cátia Guerra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background:  In  a  psychodynamic  pers-pective, one of the essential aspects of borderline  personality  is  the  insufficient  self integration, which  often  results  in  a  poor relation  with  the  body  and  self-destructive behaviours.Aims: We intend to approach self development in borderline personality, understand the  importance  of  the  body  in  its development, as well as the role of self-mutilating behaviour  in  the relationship  between  self and body.Methods:  Non  systematic literature  review based on Otto Kernberg and Didier Anzieu theories.Results  and  Conclusions:  On  the  one hand, we find that in borderline personality splitting remains the predominant defence mechanism, preventing  proper  differentia-tion between self and object, as well as the integration of good and bad aspects of self and object. Moreover, the concept of “skin-ego”, defined by Didier Anzieu, says that the tactile sensibility is an Ego and thought or-ganizing model and, in borderline personality, the development of this body envelope is severely compromised. Self-mutilation is, simultaneously, an attempt to re-establish the boundaries  of  self  and  a  communication type open to intersubjectivity that, although contains  a  destructive  aspect,  enables self repair.

  4. Himalayan Hermitess:The Life of a Tibetan Buddhist Nun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kurtis RSchaeffer; AuthorYang Gongwei

    2015-01-01

    In 1961 , anthropologist Corneille Jest was conducting fieldwork in Dolpo, the high-land region of the Nepal Himalayan region immedi-ately west of Mustang, when a local Buddhist lead-er told him the tale of a certain woman.Her name, the Tibetan-speaking Buddhist told the anthropol-ogist, was Ani Chokyi, meaning “Chokyi the Nun”.She had lived an exceptional life, and her story was well known throughout Dolpo.Jest noted that a written biography of Ani Chokyi was not a-vailable in the village where he conducted his re-search, though he was told that there was a copy in another temple.

  5. PLIGHT OF ABORIGINES IN AMITAV GHOSH’S THE HUNGRY TIDE –A GLANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Saumini

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Amitav Ghosh has stated that his fundamental interest is in "people" and their everyday life which slips through the fingers of an academic historian or social anthropologist. He is interested in history only if it provides instances of "unusual and extraordinary predicaments" (Hawley 6. This anthropologist, sociologist, novelist, essayist, travel writer and teacher reject the lines between fiction and non-fiction and negotiate a third space in his writings. Ghosh's fiction deals with deterritorialization and re-territorialization that negotiates between two lands separated by time and space, history and geography. This makes his writings redefine the present through a nuanced understanding of the past. His essays reveal a political sensibility that interweaves politics and aesthetics, as elaborated so well by Rancière. The rewriting of history and a concern for consequences of hegemony motivate Ghosh to grapple with the problems of the marginalized (Bose 19, 78.

  6. Anthropology as an inspiration to food studies: building theory and practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Siewicz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to show the role of anthropological inquiry in the development of a new, interdisciplinary approach to food in culture - namely: food studies. Early anthropologists, for example, Bronislaw Malinowski and Edward Evans-Pritchard, stressed the social meaning of food while analyzing the outcome of their fieldwork. When the functional approach had been replaced by structuralism, the symbolic meaning of food was given priority. Therefore, Claude Lévi-Strauss constructed his famous culinary triangle to show the connection between culture and nature in human thought; however, the triangle was not based on his own fieldwork, but rather many examples from other works were used to support this theoretical approach. This paper shows that without the theoretical and practical contribution of these three anthropologists, the flourishing of food studies as a new discipline would have been seriously delayed.

  7. Towards a Class Struggle Anthropology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles R. Menzies

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Dancing between review and argument this paper lays out a foundation for a class-struggle anthropology -that is, an anthropological practice that can be linked to the ultimate goal of achieving a classless society. To this end we will review those anthropologists who have gone before us, pulling out those works of theirs that we see as critical in (rebuilding a class-struggle anthropology. As part of this process we discuss the relationship between what has stood as Marxist anthropology in North America, the idea of socialism, the political development of the world working class during nine decades since the October Revolution, and the challenges of intellectual continuity in the face of differing generational experiences of Marxist anthropologists. Ultimately we argue that a progressive anthropology necessarily involves political activism in our work, communities, and schools.

  8. «El irracional es el otro»: Los mecanismos de la interpretación en Antropología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Ricard Lanata

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines two dialogues between the anthropologist and alpaca shepherds of the Ausangate mountains (Cusco region, province of Canchis. Parting from the description and analysis of the concrete interpretation mechanisms used in the anthropological discipline (establishment of a lexicon, logical inferences, etc., and of its consequences (in particular, the attribution of a pre-rational or irrational mentality, on behalf of the anthropologist, to his farmer-indigent interpreters, the article proposes reflection on the methodological obstacles for an adequate anthropological interpretation of the other cultures. It attempts in this way, to contribute to define, from the hermeneutic practice of anthropology, methodological protection that guarantee the constitution of real spaces of intercultural dialogue.

  9. Why all anthropology should be called techno-anthropology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkbak, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    This chapter argues that if we follow a pragmatist understanding of humans and technologies, there is no reason to keep these phenomena strongly separated. The suggestion that all anthropology should be called techno-anthropology might provoke some readers, but it is first and foremost intended as...... an invitation to think in ambitious terms about what techno- anthropology might be(come). The main contribution of the chapter is to introduce Bruno Latour and John Dewey as techno-anthropologists. While these two thinkers are known for many other engagements, and wrote in different times, they share......-anthropologist moves, I turn to Dewey’s understanding of technology as inquiry, a concept that deliberately ignores the physical/psychological dichotomy. The chapter concludes with a couple of empirical examples of how the pragmatist perspective might guide techno-anthropological analysis....

  10. Design Anthropology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This edited volume provides an introduction to the emerging field of design anthropology from the point of view of anthropologists engaging in its development. Contributors include young anthropologists with experience in the field and leading theoreticians, who combine to articulate the specific...... style of knowing involved in doing design anthropology. So far design anthropology has been developed mostly in the practice of industry and the public sector, in particular in Scandinavia and the US, and the sustained academic reflection to support this practice is still in its early stages. This book...... will contribute to this theoretical reflection and provide a reference for practitioners, teachers and students of anthropology, as well as design and innovation....

  11. Tribe and Village in African Organizations and Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragh, Simon Ulrik

    The paper argues that African organization sand business relations reflect pre-industrial social norms found by anthropologists in kinship based, rural communities. African society is a hybrid mixture of an emerging industrial economy and a set of norms and behaviours which have been carried over......-industrial cultural traits and offers a theory showing their inner, social logic. Drawing on examples from the existing literature on African management it is shown how the pre-industrial norms are manifested in organizational practice and business.......The paper argues that African organization sand business relations reflect pre-industrial social norms found by anthropologists in kinship based, rural communities. African society is a hybrid mixture of an emerging industrial economy and a set of norms and behaviours which have been carried over...

  12. ¿Recuperando Antropologías alternativas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Correa

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available This text highlights the way the practice conditions of the national and foreign anthropologists´ differ in the object, as well as in the goals of their work. Although both of them are guided to the investigation, the national ones culminate exercising professional tasks. Their exercise obligatorily has faced the national reality and it is the one that has pointed out the distinctive characteristics of the Colombian anthropology. In the first place, their option to work with the depressed sectors of the country, as the indigenous populations, has surpassed the investigation tasks to contribute to solve its participation in the national society. It also demanded to superimpose to the mere investigation, the taking of position on the general transformations of the country. Because of this, their exercise doesn’t depend simply on the discipline but of the conditions that entrust the populations of which the anthropologist form part off.

  13. No Underskirts in Africa: Edison Carneiro and the "Lineages" of Afro-Brazilian Religious Anthropology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvonne Maggie

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the folklorist, essayist, journalist and anthropologist Edison Carneiro (1912-1972 and situates him among the “lineages” or intellectual affiliations in the context of studies on Afro-Brazilian religious groups. Describing the life of Edison Carneiro, his relationship with American anthropologist Ruth Landes and his participation in the folkloric movement, I look to situate Carneiro among the various intellectual trends found within the study of Afro-Brazilian religions. I argue that the author occupied an ambiguous position in terms of the African presence in the constitution of Afro-Brazilian religions, showing close proximities to Ruth Landes, Franklin Frazier, Ruth Benedict, Donald Pierson and Robert Park on the one hand, and Melville Herskovitz, Roger Bastide and Arthur Ramos on the other. Carneiro’s studies of Candomblé de Caboclo express this double bind.

  14. Indigenous AIDS Organizing and the Anthropology of Activist Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott L. Morgensen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Indigenous AIDS activists join AIDS activists worldwide today in theorizing the AIDS pandemic as a construct of social relations of power. Their anti-colonial and transnational activism holds scholars accountable to studying how power structures the production of knowledge about AIDS. This essay first examines how Indigenous AIDS activists theorize the colonial and transnational conditions of AIDS, and challenge states and international agencies to respect the sovereignty of Indigenous communities and knowledges. The essay then cites Indigenous activist knowledge as inspiration for revisiting critiques of coloniality in anthropology, and their implications for the anthropology of AIDS. Anthropologists studying AIDS can respond to AIDS activists by addressing how colonial legacies shape the processes and products of research and writing. By working within intersubjective and reflexive relationships with people and communities affected by AIDS, anthropologists can enter accountable dialogue with AIDS activists and on that basis produce anti-colonial and transnational knowledge about AIDS.

  15. Anthropology and Multiple Modernities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    “modernities” over the last 10 years, this paper wishes to address the analytical usefulness of this conceptual development. What is it about these concepts that make them useful as we try to capture the World today? Rather than providing any substantial definitions as to what those modernities are about (or...... what they are not about), anthropologists have used ethnographies to demonstrate how modernities are lived and constructed differently in different cultural contexts. To a very large extent, anthropologists intend these multiple modernities to refer to the interplay between local and global...... configurations. However, if the current pluralizing of modernity ultimately serves to describe the variety of cultural forms that co-exist in the World today, the analytical value of the concept risks being watered down, and little is gained in perspective. Arguably, other concepts would have served the purpose...

  16. #GenderRoles: Modeling Gender Among LDS Students

    OpenAIRE

    Hawvermale, Erica; Temple, Essa; Montierth, McKayla

    2015-01-01

    Cultural consensus has emerged as an important way of teaching mixed ethnographic methods to future generations of anthropologists. A major strength of cultural consensus as a pedagogical tool is its intuitive logic and straight forward procedure. This paper demonstrates the use of this method as an entry point into anthropological fieldwork about religious gender roles. The collaborative efforts of Utah State University student-researchers show how junior researchers can use this approach to...

  17. Kulturmorphologie und Neopaganismus. Der Glaube des Leo Frobenius - Kulturmorphologie and Neopaganism. The beliefs of des Leo Frobenius

    OpenAIRE

    Bernhard Streck

    2015-01-01

    Anthropologists are used to describing the religions of others, nut not their own beliefs. In the human sciences we rarely find information about the religious beliefs of researchers. But carefully examining published and unpublished writings, we can still find some indications regarding the authors’ values, which they may not have always intended to disclose to the public. This is in spite of the fact or perhaps, more correctly, because they are closely related to the theory and practice ...

  18. The People Paradox: Self-Esteem Striving, Immortality Ideologies, and Human Response to Climate Change

    OpenAIRE

    Janis L Dickinson

    2009-01-01

    In 1973, Ernest Becker, a cultural anthropologist cross-trained in philosophy, sociology, and psychiatry, invoked consciousness of self and the inevitability of death as the primary sources of human anxiety and repression. He proposed that the psychological basis of cooperation, competition, and emotional and mental health is a tendency to hold tightly to anxiety-buffering cultural world views or “immortality projects” that serve as the basis for self-esteem and meaning. Although ...

  19. Tourism Studies on the Cultural Values at National and Organizational Level

    OpenAIRE

    Olimpia State

    2005-01-01

    The anthropologists have pointed out the existence of many thinking currents and schools in the field of organizational culture. The study of this culture became more and more important as the transnational companies have developed day by day. Having in mind the process of internationalization and of cultural mix, these kinds of studies are also applied in the field of tourism both national and international. The present article presents three types of studies of the organizational cultural i...

  20. Becoming Buzz Lightyear and Other Clinical Tales: Indigenizing Disney in a World of Disability

    OpenAIRE

    Mattingly, Cheryl

    2003-01-01

    Increasingly, anthropologists are investigating the place of mass media in our lives, for we live, as Ortner (1999) notes, in a ‘media-saturated world.’ This paper explores the role of (globalized) children's mass media – with particular emphasis on Disney – and its influence on one particular community of consumers. The community consists of African American children who face serious disabilities and chronic illnesses, as well as the families who care for them. Disney films and characters pe...

  1. Dance anthropology and the impact of 1930s Haiti on Katherine Dunham's scientific and artistic consciousness

    OpenAIRE

    Durkin, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    Katherine Dunham (1909-2006) was one of the most critically and commercially successful dancers of the twentieth century. She established and ran the Katherine Dunham Dance Company, the earliest self-supporting predominantly black dance company and one of the first modern dance troupes to achieve international success. She was also one of the first African Americans to conduct anthropological fieldwork, and the first anthropologist to explore the function of dance in rituals and community lif...

  2. Exhibition: Urban Now. City Life in Congo

    OpenAIRE

    De Boeck, Filip; Baloji, Sammy

    2016-01-01

    This exhibition by photographer Sammy Baloji and anthropologist Filip De Boeck offers an exploration of different urban sites in Congo, through the media of photography and video. Focusing upon the “urban now”, a moment suspended between the broken dreams of a colonial past and the promises of neoliberal futures, the exhibition offers an artistic and ethnographic investigation of what living – and living together – might mean in Congo’s urban worlds. As elsewhere on the African continent,...

  3. Hangover

    OpenAIRE

    Joachim Otto Habeck

    2015-01-01

    Even though hangover is a widespread phenomenon in many societies, it has received very scant systematic attention in social sciences. This article is based on publications from different disciplines (medicine, cultural history, social anthropology, sociology, etc.), my own observations, and interviews with fellow social anthropologists. After a general outline of the phenomenon, I will focus on some psychological aspects of hangover: guilt and vulnerability, but also the idea of complicity. ...

  4. Feminicidio y legislación Colombiana

    OpenAIRE

    Zuluaga Muñoz, Deysy Alexandra

    2009-01-01

    The concept of femicide in Latin America was developed by the ethnologist and anthropologist Marcela Lagarde, specifically for the case of women murdered in Ciudad Juarez (Mexico). The term has spread to other countries and in Colombia it was built into the reform to the Penal Code (Act 1257 of 2008) in this law is to protect women in such circumstances, this paper intends to make a sketch and a made known this as fact.

  5. Stonehenge Landscapes and Stone Circles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike Pitts

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Archaeologists agonise about using the experience of people living in the present to help them think about people's lives in the past. Beneath the rhetoric, however, lies the simple fact that if you study the work of anthropologists, you are confronted with real individuals and communities. The practise of learning from such communities can be particularly liberating if you mix with them yourself, as I learnt when writing a book about Stonehenge (Pitts 2001.

  6. De pueblo de indios a centro regional. Las transformaciones históricas de un municipio de Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Lisbona Guillén, Miguel

    2000-01-01

    Research on the town of Tapilula, in the Mexican state of Chiapas, belies the alleged cultural and ethnic immutability of the state's indigenous population that anthropologists have trumpeted over the past decades. Instead of a paradise of resistence against the constant inroads of modernity and Mexico's national culture, Chiapas appears to be, as the case of Tapilula suggests, continuously enmeshing in the historical and cultural context to which this area has belonged since colonial times.E...

  7. Understanding Gender Inequality Actions in the Pacific: Ethnographic Case-studies and Policy Options Final report

    OpenAIRE

    Crook, Tony; Farran, Sue; Roell, Emilie

    2016-01-01

    Gender equity is a key plank to European Commission activities and aid-funded initiatives and yet, despite many years of engagement achieving gender equity is many parts of the world remains a huge challenge. The Pacific island states are no exception and indeed here in strongly traditional and patriarchal societies there may be particular obstacles to overcome. Drawing on the empirical research of social anthropologists, policy consultants, a documentary film maker and law researchers this r...

  8. Commentary: a sociologist's view on community genetics

    OpenAIRE

    Raz, Aviad E.

    2010-01-01

    This commentary illustrates and discusses potential research directions for sociologists and anthropologists interested in the field of community genetics and its emerging networks of individuals genetically at risk. Community genetics—the application of medical genetics in community settings for the benefit of individuals—also involves social issues of lay-professional misunderstandings (and more recently also the different perspectives of various expert communities), stigmatization, discrim...

  9. Evidence for a Common Origin of Blacksmiths and Cultivators in the Ethiopian Ari within the Last 4500 Years: Lessons for Clustering-Based Inference.

    OpenAIRE

    Lucy van Dorp; David Balding; Simon Myers; Luca Pagani; Chris Tyler-Smith; Endashaw Bekele; Ayele Tarekegn; Thomas, Mark G; Neil Bradman; Garrett Hellenthal

    2015-01-01

    The Ari peoples of Ethiopia are comprised of different occupational groups that can be distinguished genetically, with Ari Cultivators and the socially marginalised Ari Blacksmiths recently shown to have a similar level of genetic differentiation between them (FST ≈ 0.023 - 0.04) as that observed among multiple ethnic groups sampled throughout Ethiopia. Anthropologists have proposed two competing theories to explain the origins of the Ari Blacksmiths as (i) remnants of a population that inhab...

  10. The fate of nationalism in the new states: Southeast Asia in comparative historical perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Sidel, John

    2012-01-01

    In two landmark essays published in 1973, the eminent anthropologist Clifford Geertz offered an early assessment of what he termed "The Fate of Nationalism in the New States," referring to the newly independent nation-states of Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. 1 Ranging with characteristic ease and flair across Burma, India, Indonesia, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, and Nigeria, Geertz argued that an "Integrative Revolution" was under way, but one complicated and compromised by the inherent te...

  11. What binds Bronisław Malinowski with social networks?

    OpenAIRE

    Zbigniew Meger

    2012-01-01

    Bronislaw Malinowski, a Polish anthropologist, ethnologist and sociologist, is the father of phatic communication. He has defined and described for the first time a phatic function of language and its importance in societies with low levels of development. As it turns, the phatic communication, which does not transfer any content, is also present today, and even - due social networks portals - comes into new stage of development. Although an impression that the phatic communication has low im...

  12. ANTROPOLOGI PASCA “PEMBANGUNAN”: DIMENSI ANTROPOLOGI TERAPAN

    OpenAIRE

    Naniek Kasniyah

    2005-01-01

    This article is about Anthropology of Post Development: A dimension of Applied Anthropology. Changes in the system include the changes in content, organization, premise and value. Exploring the processes of change is a challenge to anthropology. Applied anthropology is used in the study of cultural changes. The contribution given starts from the planning until the program is over, for example, anthropologists work together with health specialists in the frame of change in the sub-culture of t...

  13. Taphonomic agents in the formation of mortuary deposits : excavation methods and treatment of human bones at the pre-pottery neolithic sites of Bal'as and Tell Halula (Syria)

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz Lopez, Anabel; Chamel, Bérénice

    2010-01-01

    Many archaeologists and anthropologists who work in the Near-East are confronted with taphonomic agents induced by environmental characteristics; the specific physical and chemical agents of this particular environment, as well as human activity has modified not only the human remains but also the structure of the burials. These taphonomic processes must be understood because they determine the final image of the funerary deposits at the moment of the excavation. We describe here the methods ...

  14. Morphological Study of Wormian Bones in Dried Human Skulls

    OpenAIRE

    Divyesh Patel; Ketan Chauhan; Dhananjay Patil

    2015-01-01

    Background: Wormian bones may be defined as a those accidental bones found in the cranium having no regular relation to their normal ossification centre. They are assocated with cranial and central nervous system abnormalities. Knowledge of these bones is important for anthropo-logists, forensic experts, radiologists, orthopedic and neurosurgeons to avoid misleading for multiple fractures of the skull. Materials and Methods: Adult dry human skulls (n= 27) of unknown age and sex availablei...

  15. Human paleoneurology

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    The book presents an integrative review of paleoneurology, the study of endocranial morphology in fossil species. The main focus is on showing how computed methods can be used to support advances in evolutionary neuroanatomy, paleoanthropology and archaeology and how they have contributed to creating a completely new perspective in cognitive neuroscience. Moreover, thanks to its multidisciplinary approach, the book addresses students and researchers approaching human paleoneurology from different angles and for different purposes, such as biologists, physicians, anthropologists, archaeologists

  16. Theory and method at the intersection of anthropology and cultural neuroscience

    OpenAIRE

    Seligman, Rebecca; Brown, Ryan A.

    2009-01-01

    Anthropologists have become increasingly interested in embodiment—that is, the ways that socio-cultural factors influence the form, behavior and subjective experience of human bodies. At the same time, social cognitive neuroscience has begun to reveal the mechanisms of embodiment by investigating the neural underpinnings and consequences of social experience. Despite this overlap, the two fields have barely engaged one another. We suggest three interconnected domains of inquiry in which the i...

  17. Revealing the emotion lexicon of the Setswana language within the South African Police Service / Christelle Fourie

    OpenAIRE

    Fourie, Christelle

    2010-01-01

    Anthropologists claim that people in a variety of human societies differ enormously in how they experience, express and understand emotion (Kalat & Shiota, 2007). Research on emotions, around the world, has become increasingly popular during the past few decades. Emotion is involved in the mainstream of topics in psychology, be it about antecedents, emotional expressions and responses, or about the dimensions underlying the large emotion lexicon (Shaver, Schwartz, Kirson, & O’Connor, 1987). ...

  18. Postsecularism, piety and fanaticism: reflections on Jürgen Habermas' and Saba Mahmood’s critiques of secularism

    OpenAIRE

    Jansen, Y.

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses how recent critiques of secularism in political philosophy and cultural anthropology might productively be combined and contrasted with each other. I will show that Jürgen Habermas' postsecularism takes insufficient account of elementary criticisms of secularism on the part of anthropologists such as Talal Asad and Saba Mahmood. However, I shall also criticize Saba Mahmood’s reading of secularism by arguing that, in the end, she replaces the secular-religious divide with...

  19. The Race Concept in Six Regions: Variation Without Consensus

    OpenAIRE

    Lieberman, Leonard; Kaszycka, Katarzyna A.; Martinez, Antonio J.; Yablonsky, Fuentes Leonid; Kirk, Rodney C.; Štrkalj, Goran; Wang, Qian; Sun, Li

    2004-01-01

    Race, once the central concept in physical anthropology worldwide, now varies in the degree of support it receives in different regions. We present the currently available information on the status of the concept in the United States, the Spanish language areas, Poland, Europe, Russia, and China. Rejection of race ranges from high to low with the highest rejection occurring among anthropologists in the United States (and Canada). Rejection of race is moderate in Europe, sizeable in Poland and...

  20. Bill Maurer

    OpenAIRE

    Lauren Tooker

    2014-01-01

    Professor Bill Maurer is a renowned cultural anthropologist who conducts research on law, property, money and finance, focusing on the technological infrastructures and social relations of exchange and payment. Professor Maurer graduated from Stanford University in 1994 with a PhD in Anthropology. He moved to UC Irvine in 1996 as Assistant Professor, going on to become Chair of UC Irvine’s Department of Anthropology (2005-2011) and Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies in the Socia...

  1. From observing to constructing the Object in etnographic investigation: fieldwork on "botellón"

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Jesús Sánchez Hernández

    2007-01-01

    In the professional career of any anthropologist there is the inevitable rite of passage of fieldwork and later ethnographic writing; the following illustrates the development of the process in the construction of the object from the perspective of the student who, for the first time, has to face the task of defining and limiting the scope of her investigation: the phenomenon of “botellón” (public drinking) in two Spanish cities.

  2. From observing to constructing the Object in etnographic investigation: fieldwork on "botellón"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Jesús Sánchez Hernández

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available In the professional career of any anthropologist there is the inevitable rite of passage of fieldwork and later ethnographic writing; the following illustrates the development of the process in the construction of the object from the perspective of the student who, for the first time, has to face the task of defining and limiting the scope of her investigation: the phenomenon of “botellón” (public drinking in two Spanish cities.

  3. 平遥:期待冲出围城的摄影节

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晋永权

    2003-01-01

    Of the various photography festivals in China, the Pingyao International Photography Festival is still the one of the highest professional standard, the most appealing. As a form of visual language, imagery should not get divorced from social reality. If we could invite to the festival more culture researchers, historians, anthropologists, sociologists, and painters, the photography festival would break the boundaries of photography, attrad more audience, have a more enduring life, and meanwhile offer a wider scope of knowledge to photographers.

  4. Forests, fields, and the edge of sustainability at the ancient Maya city of Tikal

    OpenAIRE

    Lentz, David L.; Dunning, Nicholas P.; Scarborough, Vernon L.; Magee, Kevin S.; Thompson, Kim M.; Weaver, Eric; Carr, Christopher; Terry, Richard E.; Islebe, Gerald; Tankersley, Kenneth B.; Grazioso Sierra, Liwy; Jones, John G.; Buttles, Palma; Valdez, Fred; Ramos Hernandez, Carmen E.

    2014-01-01

    The rise of complex societies and sustainable land use associated with urban centers has been a major focus for anthropologists, geographers, and ecologists. Here we present a quantitative assessment of the agricultural, agroforestry, and water management strategies of the inhabitants of the prominent ancient Maya city of Tikal, and how their land use practices effectively sustained a low-density urban population for many centuries. Our findings also reveal, however, that the productive lands...

  5. Le rôle écologique des bonobos : service écologique de dispersion de graine en forêt du Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Beaune, David

    2012-01-01

    Bonobos (Pan paniscus) are threatened with extinction. They are the largest primates, and the only apes (except human), of the southern bank of the Congo Basin. Along with chimpanzees, they are our closest living relatives and are studied by anthropologists to include/understand our hominid origins; but what about their functional role in the forest? Would their disappearance have serious consequences for forest ecology? Answering this question is the aim of this new project, with several yea...

  6. The Writer Walking the Dog: Creative Writing Practice and Everyday Life

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Tony

    2013-01-01

    Creative writing happens in and alongside the writer’s everyday life, but little attention has been paid to the relationship between the two and the contribution made by everyday activities in enabling and shaping creative practice. The work of the anthropologist Tim Ingold supports the argument that creative writing research must consider the bodily lived experience of the writer in order fully to understand and develop creative practice. Dog-walking is one activity which shapes my own creat...

  7. Culture boundaries in semantic web

    OpenAIRE

    Nainyté, Justina

    2012-01-01

    Culture, being created by any and every of us, is the expression form of the society. We easily manipulate this term in everyday life, but defining the culture brings a lot of discussions in between scientists. The most common approach of understanding culture is from anthropologists (Harris & Johnson, 2006; Tylor, 1871) who associate culture with the common developed complex pattern of the society life expressed through knowledge, believes, art, morality, laws, traditions and ...

  8. Knowledge Loss: Managing Local Knowledge in Rural Uzbekistan

    OpenAIRE

    Wall, Caleb; Evers, Hans-Dieter

    2006-01-01

    Knowledge loss is not a remote phenomenon, unique to one knowledge system. Rather we argue that the loss of knowledge is an issue for other knowledge systems as well. Knowledge loss is certainly a concern for anthropologists working on indigenous knowledge, fearful of ‘losing’ indigenous knowledge entirely as a result of modernisation (cf. Cox, 2000). Equally, staff movements within the corporate world probably lead to a large amount of knowledge displacement, yet staff (and thus knowledge) r...

  9. Estimation of stature from the vertebral column in physical and forensic anthropology.

    OpenAIRE

    Milani, C.; G.L. Panattoni

    2013-01-01

    Stature is one of the most important parameters in personal identification for physical and forensic anthropologists. Stature can be extimated from decomposed and fully or partially akeletonized human remains. Many Authors developed anatomical methods based on measurements of the whole skeleton or mathematical methods based on measurements of single bones, from which they obtained regression formulae for calculating the stature. In this review, we focused on the vertebral column and compared ...

  10. Translation as critique of “cultural sameness” : Ricoeur, Luther and the practice of translation

    OpenAIRE

    Jonas Gamborg Lillebø

    2014-01-01

    The article discusses translation as a critical approach to how we see culture. According to the anthropologist Marianne Gullestad culture is part of mechanism of exclusion when it is linked to identity or “sameness”. Belonging to the same culture becomes a criterion for being included into a society, whereas having a different cultural belonging is a criterion for exclusion. Culture is thus placed within an oppositional logic of same-different. By seeing a parallel between languages and cult...

  11. Catching Power: Race, Altered Solidarities, and Science in Trinidad

    OpenAIRE

    Crosson, J. Brent

    2014-01-01

    In Trinidad, "catching power" indexes the embodiment of other-than-human force, a cultivated practice that anthropologists have typically referred to as "spirit possession." This dissertation examines how "catching power" recursively transforms social scientific theories of power, and how practices codified as illicit superstition, but called science by practitioners, alter the limits of the authoritative categories of modern rationalization. For more than two centuries, colonial and postco...

  12. Anthropology and Anarchy: their elective affinity. GARP11

    OpenAIRE

    Morris, Brian

    2005-01-01

    This essay brings together anthropology and anarchism, first by an examination of anthropologists who have expressed an interest in anarchism, then by discussion of classical anarchist thinkers who have drawn upon anthropological literature to develop their ideas. The second part of the essay offers some reflections on anarchism as a political tradition and deals with certain misconceptions that have been forwarded by its liberal and Marxist critics.

  13. Statement from Anthropology Southern Africa regarding violent attacks on “foreigners”

    OpenAIRE

    Anthropology Southern Africa, Council of

    2009-01-01

    We are horrified by the violent attacks on fellow South African residents. In particular we are ashamed at the extreme violence against children, women and men, many of whom have settled in South Africa’s cities to escape violence, persecution and the degradations of poverty elsewhere. We are shocked by the barbaric actions of those who have taken to brutal mob violence against their neighbours. As anthropologists, we are deeply concerned, both professionally and as citizens, that these actio...

  14. Legends, Megaliths And Astronomy In Corsica Island

    OpenAIRE

    Santucci, Jean-François; Thury-Bouvet, Ghjasippina; Hadi Khoumeri, El; Ottavi, Antoine

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a study performed in the framework of an interdisciplinary project developed at the University of Corsica involving information technology researchers and engineers, anthropologists and people from the field of astronomy. The goal of the project is to reveal the Mythology of the Corsica Island, which has been buried under thousand years of invasions. More than 6000 years ago, Corsica, an island of the west Mediterranean basin saw the emergence of megaliths all over the isl...

  15. Multi level Representation of spatial data ; application in Archeaology and Anthropology

    OpenAIRE

    Hadi Khoumeri, El; Santucci, Jean-François; Federici, Dominique

    2005-01-01

    This paper deals with concepts allowing to integrate and manage different levels of abstraction of spatial data within a GIS. We point out how we resolved the problems set up by the management of multi-view and multi-level spatial data. Finally we detail how the previous resolution approach has been applied efficiently in the framework of a common project at the University of Corsica involving archeologists and anthropologists around an Archeoastronomy project.

  16. ASTRONOMICAL ORIENTATIONS OF NEOLITHIC TOMBS IN MONTE REVINCU

    OpenAIRE

    Santucci, Jean-François; Thury-Bouvet, Ghjasippina; Ottavi, Antoine; Hadi Khoumeri, El

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a study performed in the framework of an interdisciplinary project developed at the University of Corsica involving information technology researchers, anthropologists and people from the field of astronomy. In the first steps of the work which has to be done we have studied the link between megaliths and astronomy. In order to study the links between oral culture, megaliths and astronomy, we integrate modern information technology like GIS, database, GPS surveying, 3D map...

  17. METRIC ASSESSMENT OF FEMUR USING DISCRIMINANT FUNCTION ANALYSIS IN SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION

    OpenAIRE

    Hema Nidugala; Bhagya Bhaskar; Sucharitha Suresh; Ramakrishna Avadhani

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Sex determination from unidentified human skeletal elements is a challenge for forensic investigators and anthropologists. This study aims to detect the best variable for sex determination from different parameters of femur. Methods: We analyzed 75 (40 males and 35 females) femora of known sex from the Department of Anatomy. Eight parameters were measured and subjected to univariate statistics, multivariate analysis such as discriminant analysis and logistic regression analysis ...

  18. Many hands make hard work, or why agriculture is not a puzzle

    OpenAIRE

    Guzmán, Ricardo Andrés

    2007-01-01

    The shift from hunting and gathering to agriculture, some 10,000 years ago, triggered the first demographic explosion in history. Along with population, working time increased, while food consumption remained at the subsistence level. For that reason, most anthropologists regard the adoption of agriculture as an economical puzzle. I show, using a neoclassical economic model, that there is nothing puzzling about the adoption of agriculture. Agriculture brings four technological changes: an ...

  19. Unfolding the Social : Quasi-actants, Virtual Theory, and the New Empiricism of Bruno Latour

    OpenAIRE

    Krarup, Troels; Block, Anders

    2011-01-01

    An important philosopher and anthropologist of science, Bruno Latour has recently outlined an ambitious programme for a new sociological empiricism, in continuation of his actor-network-theory (ANT). Interrogating issues of description, explanation and theoretical interpretation in this ‘sociology of associations’, we argue that certain internal tensions are manifest. While Latour's philosophy of social science demands an absolute abandonment of theory in all its forms, proposing instead to s...

  20. Unfolding the Social:Quasi-actants, Virtual Theory, and the New Empiricism of Bruno Latour

    OpenAIRE

    Krarup, Troels; Block, Anders

    2011-01-01

    An important philosopher and anthropologist of science, Bruno Latour has recently outlined an ambitious programme for a new sociological empiricism, in continuation of his actor-network-theory (ANT). Interrogating issues of description, explanation and theoretical interpretation in this ‘sociology of associations’, we argue that certain internal tensions are manifest. While Latour's philosophy of social science demands an absolute abandonment of theory in all its forms, proposing instead to s...

  1. Welcome Home, Descartes! Rethinking the Anthropology of the Body

    OpenAIRE

    Ecks, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    For many scholars, the Cartesian mind/body split is one of the fundamental mistakes of the Western scientific tradition. Anthropologists who study notions of the body in cultures around the world regularly take Descartes as their point of departure. Many also suggest that breaking free from Descartes is politically liberating: if the mindful body could be rediscovered, society could move away from its materialist, positivist, and commodity-fetishizing ways. Beyond the Body Proper is anthropol...

  2. Grow first, gain fat in the meantime. Longitudinal study of anthropometric changes around menarche

    OpenAIRE

    Ziomkiewicz Anna; Kozieł Sławomir

    2015-01-01

    There is a long dispute among anthropologist over which factor is more important – skeletal maturation or energy accumulation – for menarche occurrence. Here we report results of longitudinal study conducted on the sample of 178 girls followed for the period from 2 years before to 2 years after the age of menarche. Each year during this period anthropometric measures of waist and hip circumference, pelvis breadth, subscapular, triceps and abdominal skinfold thickness were taken to document gi...

  3. Classification of Ancient Mammal Individuals Using Dental Pulp MALDI-TOF MS Peptide Profiling

    OpenAIRE

    Thi-Nguyen-Ny Tran; Gérard Aboudharam; Armelle Gardeisen; Bernard Davoust; Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel; Christophe Flaudrops; Maya Belghazi; Didier Raoult; Michel Drancourt

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The classification of ancient animal corpses at the species level remains a challenging task for forensic scientists and anthropologists. Severe damage and mixed, tiny pieces originating from several skeletons may render morphological classification virtually impossible. Standard approaches are based on sequencing mitochondrial and nuclear targets. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We present a method that can accurately classify mammalian species using dental pulp and mass spectrom...

  4. Czy narracja o granicy kulturowej może zmieniać świat więzi?

    OpenAIRE

    Kunce, Aleksandra

    2010-01-01

    Aleksandra Kunce Can the narration about the border may change the world? The essay makes a reflection about limits in the anthropological way of thinking. The Author has tried to outline and systemize this problem. Thinking about limits of culture limits, behavior limits, thinking of ethnic limits and organize space - was one of the basic pieces of reflection for the anthropologists. As the author has convinced, this is also a key for the humanistic research: b...

  5. Progression and coherence in enterprise education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blenker, Per; Robinson, Sarah; Thrane, Claus

    2015-01-01

    differences in enterprise education. The framework is elaborated through a large research project PACE (Promoting a Culture of Entrepreneurship). Course elements have gradually been developed, described and implemented in curricular course activities, where anthropologists have studied them. Based on the...... education elements in relation to each other. Furthermore we suggest a process model describing the progression of the learning process. We do this by combining a differentiation of progression through the enterprise learning activities with a differentiation of the pedagogical approach. The chapter...

  6. Trunk Orientation, Stability, and Quadrupedalism

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanenko, Y. P.; Wright, W. G.; St George, R. J.; Gurfinkel, V.S.

    2013-01-01

    Interesting cases of human quadrupedalism described by Tan and Colleagues (2005–2012) have attracted the attention of geneticists, neurologists, and anthropologists. Since his first publications in 2005, the main attention has focused on the genetic aspects of disorders that lead to quadrupedalism within an evolutionary framework. In recent years this area has undergone a convincing critique (Downey, 2010) and ended with a call “… to move in a different direction … away from thinking solely i...

  7. Trunk orientation, stability and quadrupedalism

    OpenAIRE

    YuriPIvanenko; W.GeoffreyWright; RebeccaSt George

    2013-01-01

    Interesting cases of human quadrupedalism described by Uner Tan and colleagues (2005-2012) have attracted the attention of geneticists, neurologists and anthropologists. Since his first publications in 2005, the main attention has focused on the genetic aspects of disorders that lead to quadrupedalism within an evolutionary framework. In recent years this area has undergone a convincing critique (Downey 2010) and ended with a call "... to move in a different direction … away from thinkin...

  8. Depression, Constraint, and the Liver: (Dis)assembling the Treatment of Emotion-Related Disorders in Chinese Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Scheid, Volker

    2013-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is today practiced worldwide, rivaling biomedicine in terms of its globalization. One of the most common TCM diagnoses is “Liver qi constraint,” which, in turn, is commonly treated by an herbal formula dating back to the 10th century. In everyday TCM practice, biomedical disease categories such as depression or anxiety and popular disease categories such as stress are often conflated with the Chinese medical notion of constraint. Medical anthropologists, mea...

  9. Cosmopolitan Narratives:Documentary Perspectives on Afghanistan

    OpenAIRE

    Bondebjerg, Ib

    2014-01-01

    Cosmopolitan Narratives: Documentary Perspectives on AfghanistanCosmopolitanism is a concept discussed in relation to globalization in contemporary societies by sociologists, anthropologists and media scholars (Beck 2006, Delanty 2006, Appadurai 1996). The concept indicates the dialectic between universal dimensions of human life and cultural differences in a more and more mediatized global media culture. How do individuals and groups imagine each other in this new, global media culture, in w...

  10. Asking the Right Questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richter, Line

    Based on fieldwork in Mali this paper discusses the role of anthropology (and the anthropologist) in a large public health research project on children's health. In the uncertainty and disquiet that comes with the battle to combat and avoid diseases in a setting where poverty and abysmal diseases...... the ability to move beyond even the best hidden assumptions and question our own questions, thereby enabling us to ask the right questions....

  11. Cooperation and the evolution of intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    McNally, Luke; Brown, Sam P.; Jackson, Andrew L.

    2012-01-01

    PUBLISHED EXIS Open Choice - full open access The high levels of intelligence seen in humans, other primates, certain cetaceans and birds remain a major puzzle for evolutionary biologists, anthropologists and psychologists. It has long been held that social interactions provide the selection pressures necessary for the evolution of advanced cognitive abilities (the `social intelligence hypothesis?), and in recent years decision-making in the context of cooperative social interactions ha...

  12. Violence and memory: slavery in the museum

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Book synopsis: How have imperialism and its after-effects impacted patterns of cultural exchange, artistic creativity and historical/curatorial interpretation? World Art and the Legacies of Colonial Violence - comprised of ten essays by an international roster of art historians, curators, and anthropologists - forges innovative approaches to post-colonial studies, Indigenous studies, critical heritage studies, and the new museology. This volume probes the degree to which global histories ...

  13. Entheseal changes: do they reflect socioeconomic status in the Early Medieval Great Moravian population? (Mikulčice, Czech Republic, 9th-10th century)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Havelková, P.; Hladík, Marek; Velemínský, P.

    147 S54, - (2012), s. 161-162. ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /81./. 09.04.2012-14.04.2012, Portland] Institutional support: RVO:68081758 Keywords : Early Middle Ages * enthesopathies * factor analysis * grave goods * musculoskeletal stress markers * social status Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22033/pdf

  14. The Anthropological Perspective on Disaster and the Key Concept of Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Susanna Hoffman; Chen Mei; Peng Wenbin

    2015-01-01

    Like Professor Anthony Oliver -Smith, I wish to speak to the theories and analyses of disaster from an anthropological perspective. While Professor Oliver -Smith's paper covers the history of the anthropological concern, the ecologi-cal paradigm, reconstruction, and other positions, the intent of mine is to zero in on what anthropolo-gists consider the foremost factor in the creation, the unfolding, prevention and mitigation of disas-ter, and that is culture.

  15. Buddhova nauka v odraze jeho života

    OpenAIRE

    Vrba, Václav

    2009-01-01

    My thesis deals with Buddha´s life and message. I compare the approaches of four authors who wrote monographies on Buddha´s life and philosophy. K. Armstrong, former catholic cloistress, interprets Buddha from the Christian position of love and compassion and sees Buddha´s contribution mainly in suppression of egoism. E. Bondy, Marxist philosopher, emphesises the racional and practical aspect of Buddha´s message but criticises mystical aspects of his teaching. M. Carrithers, anthropologist an...

  16. Human mobility, cognition and GISc

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    exclusive) list of topics was suggested: • Wayfinding and navigation • Agent based simulation and modelling (ABM) • Movement analysis • Emerging and classic technologies for recording movement • Visualisation of moving objects • Spatial perception and memory • Efficient structures for storing movement data...... psychologists, anthropologists, geographers, engineers, and computer scientists) for the mutual development of future concepts for experimenting with, recording, analyzing, simulating, visualizing, and communicating data and information regarding humans’ spatial behaviour. The conference is part...

  17. Females in Cultural Encryption: A Review of Eight Polish Discourses on Females with Disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Borowska-Beszta, Beata

    2015-01-01

    This review contains the analysis of contemporary Polish discourses on females with disabilities. Special attention has been directed towards the femininity of women with intellectual or physical disabilities, and discourses conducted by special educators, adult educators, psychologists, sociologists, cultural anthropologists, philologists, artists etc. co-operating in Poland, in the areas of special education, andragogy from 1989-2015. Furthermore, I analyzed the selected media discourses, ...

  18. Business Ethics: A Double Bind

    OpenAIRE

    Sampson, Steven; Gallenga, Ghislaine; Soldani, Jérôme

    2016-01-01

    Introduction to special issue on Business Ethics, in the Journal of Business Anthropology. Today, business ethics can be found everywhere. But how can we define it intellectually? What does this concept include? How can we define it in explicitly anthropological terms? For the manager as well as the anthropologist, business ethics – in thoughts or in actions – involves dealing with opposing notions, often constructed as an opposition between efficiency versus ethics. As a matter of fact, an e...

  19. Simulating trait evolution for cross-cultural comparison

    OpenAIRE

    Nunn, Charles Lindsay; Arnold, Christian; Matthews, Luke; Borgerhoff Mulder, Monique

    2010-01-01

    Cross-cultural anthropologists have increasingly used phylogenetic methods to study cultural variation. Because cultural behaviors can be transmitted horizontally among socially defined groups, however, it is important to assess whether phylogeny-based methods – which were developed to study vertically transmitted traits among biological taxa – are appropriate for studying group-level cultural variation. Here, we describe a spatially-explicit simulation model that can be used to generat...

  20. Fieldwork and ethics

    OpenAIRE

    Kilianova Gabriela

    2010-01-01

    The Slovak Association of Social Anthropologists initiated recently a discussion about the ethics in the ethnology, social and cultural anthropology. In January 2009 the association organized the seminar “Ethics in ethnology/social anthropology which brought vivid response in the academic community in Slovakia. The paper will deal with the question which are the most frequent ethic problems in field work such as for example the selection of research topic from the ethic point of view, e...

  1. La Historia, los Antropólogos y la Amazonia

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Pineda Camacho

    2005-01-01

    Colombia’s anthropology of the Amazon, like the other Latin American anthropologists of the rain forest, was concerned whit developing a historical vision of the place, complementing in this way other metropolitan perspectives on basin that were centered, whit few exceptions, around a synchronic perspective. Understanding such situation demanded from them not only the explorations of oral traditions, but also conceiving the anthropology of the Amazon as a historical anthropology of the Andes,...

  2. Debating the Desirability of New Biomedical Technologies: Lessons from the Introduction of Breast Cancer Screening in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Boenink, M.

    2011-01-01

    Health technology assessment (HTA) was developed in the 1970s and 1980s to facilitate decision making on the desirability of new biomedical technologies. Since then, many of the standard tools and methods of HTA have been criticized for their implicit normativity. At the same time research into the character of technology in practice has motivated philosophers, sociologists and anthropologists to criticize the traditional view of technology as a neutral instrument designed to perform a specif...

  3. Contributions of qualitative research to evidence-based practice in nursing

    OpenAIRE

    Ailinger Rita L.

    2003-01-01

    AIM: This article aims to identify the contributions of qualitative research to evidence-based practice in nursing. BACKGROUND: Qualitative research dates back to the 1920s and 1930s, when anthropologists and sociologists used qualitative research methods to study human phenomena in naturalistic settings and from a holistic viewpoint. Afterwards, other subject matters, including nursing, adopted qualitative methods to answer their research questions. The restructuring of health care over the ...

  4. Discourse as practice: from Bourdieu to Brandom

    OpenAIRE

    Kibble, Rodger

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates Robert Brandom’s programme of logical expressivism and in the process attempts to clarify his use of the term practice, by means of a detailed comparison with the works of sociologist and anthropologist Pierre Bourdieu. It turns out that the two scholars have a number of concerns in common, including the means by which core practices can be amalgamated into more sophisticated ones, and the possibility of explicating practices with- out distorting them or generating inc...

  5. Back to Kinship: A General Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Read, Dwight W; El Guindi, Fadwa

    2013-01-01

    In this collection, we retrace some of the historical development of the anthropological study of kinship and go back to the concepts and ideas that we, as anthropologists, had previously been circulating about kinship knowledge.  We address issues that have been raised about the study of kinship, the place of kinship in anthropological knowledge and what constitutes kinship on the basis of local knowledge.

  6. Remaking place: the social construction of a Geographical Indication for Feni

    OpenAIRE

    Dwijen Rangnekar

    2011-01-01

    A range of social movements mobilise around and seek to valorise ‘place-based’ imageries. There is, these movements argue, vitality in place. As anthropologists remind us, people continue to construct some form of boundaries around place, however permeable and transient those boundaries might be. In the context of global agrifood, a diversity of socially generated marks indicating conditions of origin have emerged that seek to speak to a range of moral economies. Within this constellation, Ge...

  7. Imaginative methodologies in the social sciences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Imaginative Methodologies develops, expands and challenges conventional social scientific methodology and language by way of literary, poetic and other alternative sources of inspiration. Sociologists, social workers, anthropologists, criminologists and psychologists all try to rethink, provoke and...... reignite social scientific methodology. Imaginative Methodologies challenges the mainstream social science methodological orthodoxy closely guarding the boundaries between the social sciences and the arts and humanities, pointing out that authors and artists are often engaged in projects parallel to those...

  8. The Influence of Johannes Fabian on Claude Lévi -Strauss

    OpenAIRE

    Miloš Milenković

    2016-01-01

    In his explicitly theoretical works, Johannes Fabian, one of the key intradisciplinary "affinities" of the author-founder of postmodern anthropology, constructed a specific view of Claude Lévi-Strauss's structuralism, which, as reinterpreted by critical anthropologists, was to fundamentally shape the history of anthropological post-structuralism. In order to explain that the constitution of the subject of research through research itself – i.e. "the invention of the subject of anthropology" –...

  9. Marcelijaus Martinaičio poezijos antropologiškumas | Anthropological poetry of Marcelijus Martinaitis

    OpenAIRE

    Akvilė Rėklaitytė

    2012-01-01

    Artists, philosophers, and cultural anthropologists claim that a human being is defined by the innate ability and aptitude to represent the world and oneself symbolically; this opens up an exclusive possibility of self-reflection, perception of the world, and creation of meanings. Clifford Geertz draws attention to the fact how a human being himself explicates and comments his culture – a net of meanings and their relationships spun by himself, where, as if suspended in a web, a man lives, sp...

  10. Ethical dilemmas? UK immigration, Legal Aid funding reform and caseworkers

    OpenAIRE

    James, Deborah; Killick, Evan

    2010-01-01

    The article considers the kinds of responsibilities anthropologists might have when working on immigration and asylum matters, particularly in the light of recent 'reforms' to the funding of legal aid in the UK. The article focuses on a single case study in its context, exploring an interaction between an immigrant applicant and a lawyer/case worker in a not-for-profit Law Centre. The paper shows how case workers find themselves caught in the middle, squeezed between increasing financial pres...

  11. Outcomes and Processes in Economics and Anthropology

    OpenAIRE

    Ray, Isha

    2006-01-01

    The premise of this article is that outcomes of economic models and process analyses of anthropology are both essential for understanding social phenomena, including those surrounding the commons. An explanation of any model outcome is invariably about process and structure--the outcomes of several models are compatible with many different causal processes. Anthropologists also pay equal attention to exclusions and inclusions, to the said as well as the unsaid. In that spirit, one must ask if...

  12. ¿Recuperando Antropologías alternativas?

    OpenAIRE

    François Correa

    2005-01-01

    This text highlights the way the practice conditions of the national and foreign anthropologists´ differ in the object, as well as in the goals of their work. Although both of them are guided to the investigation, the national ones culminate exercising professional tasks. Their exercise obligatorily has faced the national reality and it is the one that has pointed out the distinctive characteristics of the Colombian anthropology. In the first place, their option to work with the depressed sec...

  13. Introduction: Re-institutionalisations

    OpenAIRE

    Corsín Jiménez, Alberto

    2007-01-01

    Every so many years anthropologists become self‐conscious about the world of organisations. It seems as if the discipline needs to catch its breath and gain reassurance about its intellectual usefulness in and for the ontemporary world. The history of the discipline is full of such reflexive gestures and epochal re‐awakenings. They are often reminiscent of older debates, about anthropology’s colonial heritage (Asad 1973) or its service to industry and capitalism (Baritz 1960; Burawoy 1979). T...

  14. Diarios de campo extranjeros y diarios de campo nacionales. Indiferencias de José Pérez de Barradas y de Gregorio Hernández de Alba en Tierradrento y San Agustín.

    OpenAIRE

    Carl Henrik Langebaek Rueda

    2010-01-01

    This article compares the feld experience of two archaeologists and anthropologists who worked in colombia in the thirties of the twentieth century. The practices of professional exercise are discussed from the feld logs of spanish national José Pérez de barradas and colombian gregorio hernández de alba. this comparison serves to put the work of the foreigner and the colombian into perspective in relation with the construction of professional discipline, the image of nature and the indigenous...

  15. A CONCEPÇÃO DO I SARAU DAS POÉTICAS INDÍGENAS POR UMA ANTROPÓLOGA-ESCRITORA

    OpenAIRE

    Deborah Goldemberg

    2009-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Adopting the interpretative anthropology approach, the text narrates the experience of an anthropologist-writer in contact with the universe of Brazilian indigenous literature and poetry, which inspired her to conception of the I Recital of the IndigenousPoetics of the Casa das Rosas, as an event to assemble Indians, indigenous and indianist writers from different backgrounds, both classic and contemporary. It discusses the issue of the social function of poetry & prose and its inde...

  16. RSM Outlook Summer 2011: Social Media: strategies for success

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract#### Connecting as a cultural imperative (Karen Stephenson) Before developing any strategy for social media, it is essential to understand the fundamentals of why it is humans need to connect and network with one another. Karen Stephenson, a corporate anthropologist, provides the insights. #### A little more conversation (Russell Gilbert) For corporate communication expert Mignon van Halderen, the strength of social media is in the opportunities it gives companies to develop o...

  17. A Mother’s Heart is Weighed Down with Stones: A Phenomenological Approach to the Experience of Transnational Motherhood

    OpenAIRE

    Horton, Sarah

    2009-01-01

    Although recent scholarship on transnational mothers has rigorously examined the effect of migration on gender constructs and ideologies, it neglects analysis of the lived experience of separated mothers and children. In privileging the exploration of transnational separations through the single analytical lens of gender, such research reduces the embodied distress of mothers and children to mere “gender false consciousness.” This paper calls upon anthropologists to redress this oversight by ...

  18. R.E. Downs and S.P. Reyna (eds.) 1988, Land and Society in Contemporary Africa, Hanover: University of New Hampshire, London: University Press of New England.

    OpenAIRE

    Crowley, Eve

    2007-01-01

    In the six years since it was published, Land and Society in Contemporary Africa has remained one of the most innovative and significant contributions to theories and research on land tenure systems in Africa. Although the sixteen contributors to the volume come from academic, development, and policy backgrounds, the vast majority are anthropologists and all have followed an anthropological approach in their field research or in their use of anthropological literature. This disciplinary prope...

  19. Body Mass Index: knowledge, practice and health evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Cornelia, Rada

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The health related expenses whether direct or indirect for the overweight ‎individuals, the decrease of the quality of personal and social life of the obese individuals make ‎this subject a public health one. Specialized physicians, nutritionists, fitness trainers, ‎psychologists, anthropologists etc. agree that both the explanations and the interventions are ‎multidisciplinary and also include a series of factors.‎Objective: The determining of the socio-demographical characteri...

  20. Manioc beer and the Word of God : faces of the future in Makuma, Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Cova, Victor

    2015-01-01

    How can anthropologists describe the relationship between Christian and Amazonian ontologies? Based on a 13 months-long fieldwork, this ethnography of the Evangelical mission town of Makuma in lowland Ecuador describes the relationship between the Shuar and North American missionaries. In Makuma “Christianity” and “Shuar” both refer to ways of relating particularity to a universal but put different emphases either on the body or on belief, and on relation or on boundaries. I argue th...

  1. Culture is not your friend: Psychedelic literature of the 20th century and its subversive effect in an industrial world

    OpenAIRE

    Gunnar Jónsson

    2015-01-01

    In the middle of the twentieth century, Western writers, chemists, anthropologists and ethnobotanists introduced a hitherto oblivious Western culture to the peculiar effects of what is now called “psychedelic drugs.” Although many of these substances had been well known outside the Western world, often for thousands of years, they were completely novel to their new-found societies. The influence of psychedelics on the hippie generations of the 1960s and beyond was substantial and inspired imp...

  2. Legends of Organ Theft: The Moral Dilemma of Contemporary Society

    OpenAIRE

    Dragana Antonijević

    2016-01-01

    Legends and rumors of organ theft became a global phenomenon in the beginning of the 80s, with the information originating from the "Third world" countries. Victims where poor and powerless, typically children. The rumor engaged a series of actions from anthropologists, NGO’s and media trying to ascertain their validity. Before long, the world was divided into two camps: on the one hand where those who believed the rumors, condemning the West for its exploitation of the underdeveloped and the...

  3. Healers on the colonial market; Native doctors and midwives in the Dutch East Indies

    OpenAIRE

    Hesselink, Liesbeth

    2011-01-01

    Healers on the colonial market is one of the few studies on the Dutch East Indies from a postcolonial perspective. It provides an enthralling addition to research on both the history of the Dutch East Indies and the history of colonial medicine. This book will be of interest to historians, historians of science and medicine, and anthropologists. How successful were the two medical training programmes established in Jakarta by the colonial government in 1851? One was a...

  4. Resonance of Unseen Things

    OpenAIRE

    Lepselter, Susan

    2016-01-01

    The Resonance of Unseen Things offers an ethnographic meditation on the “uncanny” persistence and cultural freight of conspiracy theory. The project is a reading of conspiracy theory as an index of a certain strain of late 20th-century American despondency and malaise, especially as understood by people experiencing downward social mobility. Written by a cultural anthropologist with a literary background, this deeply interdisciplinary book focuses on the enduring American preoccupation with c...

  5. "A new ethnography?" A "virtual ethnographic tour" as an example of applying ethnographic research methods in the age of the internet

    OpenAIRE

    Dlouhá, Marie; Fakulta sociálních věd, Univerzita Karlova v Praze; Sociologický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i.

    2012-01-01

    Ethnography is usually defined as a method (or set of methods), or as a research paradigm. The existence of multiple definitions is partly the result of ethnography being used by researchers from different fields of study; sociologists and anthropologists, for example. The purpose of this article is to try and determine whether a “new ethnography” really exists. While ethnography originally involved face-to-face contact, technological developments (especially the invention of the internet) ha...

  6. Le refus de la violence. Vies de femmes, entre l'Algérie et la France

    OpenAIRE

    Lebas, Clotilde

    2013-01-01

    "gender studies";"violence";"migration";"body" ''embodiement'';''gender technologies'';"life narratives";"Algeria";"France" My research stems from a strong interest for experiences and explorations able to blur the lines of division between genders. As an anthropologist, I endeavored to seize this trouble through an inquiry allowing to bring to light the modes of embodiment of gender assignments and the possibles created by those who, in a moment of their life, have rejected them. First of...

  7. Vliv kultury na podnikání - čínská kultura

    OpenAIRE

    Tomaščin, Jaroslav

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis examines the cultural aspects in general and their specific impact on the business. The theoretical part deals with culture in general, analyzes in detail the different pillars, mentions the theory of human values created by American cultural anthropologist Clyde Kluckhohn and also the approach to the concept of value orientation arising from this theory. The conclusion of the first part is devoted to a more detailed analysis of the five dimensions of national cultures, e...

  8. Legitimate Acts by Mindie Lazarus-Black; Global Culture:Legitimate Acts and Illegal Encounters: Law and Society in Antigua and Barbuda.;Global Culture, Island Identity: Continuity and Change in the Aftro-Caribbean Community of Nevis

    OpenAIRE

    Maurer, WM

    1995-01-01

    Until recently, few books have been published in Caribbean studies that emphasize law and legal processes. For its part, research in sociolegal studies has tended to focus on American legal processes and has rarely explored legalities outside of the continental United States. Sociolegal scholars may have assumed that places outside the U.S. more properly deserved the attention of anthropologists than themselves—after all, "they" have "custom," while "we" have "law." Or, assumin...

  9. From Caliban to CARICOM: Encountering Legality in the Caribbean Mindie Lazarus-Black. Legitimate Acts and Illegal Encounters: Law and Society in Antigua and Barbuda. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994. Pp. 357. $49.00 cloth; $24.95 paper.

    OpenAIRE

    Maurer, B

    1995-01-01

    Until recently, research in sociolegal studies has tended to ignore the Caribbean region. Sociolegal scholars may have assumed that the Carib, bean, like other places outside the United States, more properly deserved the attention of anthropologists than themselves-after all, "they" have "custom" while "we" have "law."1 Or, assuming that the colonial project represented an encounter between competing legal systems, sociolegal scholars may have left such studies to anthropolo...

  10. Rearticulating the Social: Spatial Practices, Collective Subjects, and Oaxaca's Art of Protest

    OpenAIRE

    Arenas, Ivan

    2011-01-01

    My dissertation, titled "Rearticulating the Social: Spatial Practices, Collective Subjects, and Oaxaca's Art of Protest," explores how the popular uprising begun in Oaxaca, Mexico in 2006 is reconfiguring conceptions of public space and rights to the city, redefining political participation through novel practices of self-formation, and questioning the role of democratic government in Mexico's future. As both an architect and an anthropologist, my central research objective was to analyze how...

  11. Water is Life: Women’s human rights in national and local water governance in Southern and Eastern Africa

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This book approaches water and sanitation as an African gender and human rights issue. Empirical case studies from Kenya, Malawi, South Africa and Zimbabwe show how coexisting international, national and local regulations of water and sanitation respond to the ways in which different groups of rural and urban women gain access to water for personal, domestic and livelihood purposes. The authors, who are lawyers, sociologists, political scientists and anthropologists, explore how women cope in...

  12. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Involved in the Preservation of Non-Adult Skeletal Remains in Archaeology and Forensic Science

    OpenAIRE

    Manifold, BM

    2012-01-01

    Human skeletal remains offers the most direct insight into the health, well-being, and the lifestyles of both past and modern populations, as well as the study of violence and traumas encountered both from archaeological and forensic contexts. They also allow archaeologists and anthropologists to reconstruction demographic details, none more so than those of children, where mortality rates were high in most human populations until the twentieth century. The study of children within biological...

  13. Soft currencies, cash economies, new monies: Past and present

    OpenAIRE

    Guyer, Jane I.

    2012-01-01

    Current variation in the forms of money challenges economic anthropologists and historians to review theory and comparative findings on multiple currency systems. There are four main sections to the paper devoted to (i) the present continuum of hard to soft currencies as an instance of multiplicity, including discussion of different combinations of the classic four functions of money, especially the relationship between store of value and medium of exchange; (ii) the logic of anthropological ...

  14. Research on Gift Alienability from Anthropology Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Yan Liu; Yanbin Qin

    2009-01-01

    Economics is usually elaborate economic phenomena from an objective point of view. While Anthropologist is more related with the social and culture field, to describe the sequential change of the particular economic action and bring it to a particular social structure.As a social behavior, the characteristics of economic activity have notable humanism particularity. The economic study includes not only the data collection or logic calculation, though the universal law exists for the base of a...

  15. Becoming a hominid: Notes on the early taxonomy of Australopithecus

    OpenAIRE

    Štrkalj, Goran

    2000-01-01

    The paper attempts to trace the first suggestions that the Australopithecus as a member of the family Hominidae is to be found in the works of the German anthropologist Paul Adloff and the American scientist Dudley J. Morton. Adloff's and especially Morton's views, although largely neglected at the time when they were first articulated, represent the first steps towards the modern position on the taxonomy of Australopithecus.

  16. El origen de los amerindios: debates actuales

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Herbert S.; Schiffner, Daniel C.

    2003-01-01

    In the last twenty years, contributions furnished by Archeology, Physical Anthopology, Linguistics, and Genetics have drammatically subverted the study of the origins of man in America. For example, through dental pieces Physical Anthropologists have obtained specimens resistant to post-mortem alterations directly related to evolutionary changes in the populations. At the same time, the study of genetic frequencies and changing distributions of genetic markers in American indigenous populatio...

  17. Introduction to "Mediating Chineseness in Cambodia"

    OpenAIRE

    Addendum by Penny Edwards; Lorraine Paterson

    2012-01-01

    In 1981, social anthropologist William Willmott declared, “Today, no-one identifies themselves as Chinese in Kampuchea [Cambodia]” (1981:45). He certainly had the authority to publish such a statement. Having conducted sustained fieldwork on Chinese community formation in Cambodia from 1962 to 1963, Willmott offered an unprecedented examination of social structures, political organization, and patterns of identification among urban Chinese in his monographs, The Chinese in Cambodia (1967) and...

  18. The causal cognition of wrong doing: incest, intentionality, and morality

    OpenAIRE

    Astuti, Rita; Bloch, Maurice

    2015-01-01

    The paper concerns the role of intentionality in reasoning about wrong doing. Anthropologists have claimed that, in certain non-Western societies, people ignore whether an act of wrong doing is committed intentionally or accidentally. To examine this proposition, we look at the case of Madagascar. We start by analyzing how Malagasy people respond to incest, and we find that in this case they do not seem to take intentionality into account: catastrophic consequences follow even if those who co...

  19. Intentionality, morality, and the incest taboo in Madagascar

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Paulo; Swiney, Lauren

    2016-01-01

    In a recent article (Astuti & Bloch, 2015), cognitive anthropologists Rita Astuti and Maurice Bloch claim that the Malagasy are ambivalent as to whether considerations of intentionality are relevant to moral judgments concerning incest and its presumed catastrophic consequences: when making moral judgments about those who commit incest, the Malagasy take into account whether the incest is intentional or not, but, when making moral judgments relating to incest’s catastrophic consequences, ...

  20. An international study of curricular organizers for the study of technology

    OpenAIRE

    Barnes, James L.

    1987-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to identify the key descriptors of a definition of technology and curricular organizers for use in the study of technology. Seven panels were used for the three round Delphi to identify the key descriptors and curricular organizers. The panels included: (1) technology educators, (2) philosophers of education, (3) philosophers of technology, (4) historians of technology, (5) anthropologists of technology, (6) futurists, (7) industrialists/business leaders. A Th...

  1. On the Advantages and Defects of the American Structuralism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓莹

    2004-01-01

    During the years at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century when Saussure was working out his ideas in Europe, synchronic linguistics was emerging independently, and in a very different style, in America, under the leadership of the anthropologist Franz Boas. Boas set a direction for American linguistics. The school founded by Boas was called structural linguistics. Beside Boas, the other two major representatives of this school during this period were: Sapir and Bloomfield.

  2. From a political anthropology to an anthropology of policy: interview with Cris Shore

    OpenAIRE

    Shore, Cris; Durão, Susana

    2013-01-01

    Cris Shore is one of the few anthropologists who have been studying “the makings of politics” and has put forward creative bridges connecting anthropology, political science, organisational studies and sociology. Shore is currently Chair of Anthropology and Head of Department at the University of Auckland (New Zealand), after lecturing at the Goldsmiths College, University of ­London (UK), between 1990 and 2003. Shore’s works include titles such as Anthropology of Policy: Critical Perspective...

  3. Thinking about food in the public space

    OpenAIRE

    De Iulio, Simona; Bardou-Boisnier, Sylvie; Pailliart, Isabelle

    2016-01-01

    Beginning with the pioneering work of Roland Barthes (1961), the universe of food – cooking, food, rituals and practices linked to eating and drinking – has been the subject of many studies in the humanities and social sciences (hss). Anthropologists (Lévi-Strauss, 1964, 1966, 1968; Douglas, 1985), sociologists (Bourdieu, 1979; Certeau, 1980; Fischler, 1990; Poulain, 2002; Corbeau, Poulain, 2002; Bernard de Raymond, Parasie, 2005; Régnier and al., 2006), cultural historians (Flandrin, Montana...

  4. Pregnancy pragmatics unveiled: on bodies, bellies, and power in Cameroon

    OpenAIRE

    Sijpt, van der, E.

    2014-01-01

    Over the last few decades, anthropologists interested in reproduction have increasingly focused on the relationship between women’s (limited) reproductive agency and (bio)political forces such as patriarchy, medicine, the state, and the global political economy. In their quest for understanding local and global ‘politics of reproduction’, some have turned their gaze towards the female body, considered to be a symbolic arena in which multi-level power relations are played out. These scholars h...

  5. Globalization, Class and Culture in Global Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Friedman

    2015-01-01

    The work of Immanuel Wallerstein has been criticized by certain anthropologists for not having taken culture into proper account. He has been accused of the sin of political economy, a not uncommon accusation, a re?ex of the 80s and post-80s anthropological jargon that might ?nally today be exhausted. Years earlier a number of social scientists were engaged in a critical assessment of the social sciences from a distinctively global perspective. Wallerstein, Frank and others were at the forefr...

  6. Beyond the discourse of globalization.

    OpenAIRE

    Robertson, R.

    2015-01-01

    This paper deals with the ways in which discourse concerning planet earth is being transcended. Specifically, attention is drawn to the increasingly overlapping relationship between the work of philosophers and anthropologists, one the one hand, and astrophysicists on the other. Woven into the discussion are the issues of the neglect of global consciousness and culture in comparison with the more usual concern with global connectivity. In this respect it is argued that globalization, as it is...

  7. Biblical Influences on Conservation: an Examination of the Apparent Sustainability of Kosher Seafood

    OpenAIRE

    Levin, Phillip S.; Joel Azose; Sean Anderson

    2014-01-01

    As a response to widespread concern about the state of marine ecosystems and the perceived failure of existing policies, many organizations are developing market-based instruments that promote sustainability. Eco-standards such as shopping guides, eco-labels, and stewardship certifications are now commonplace. However, in many cultures dietary guidelines have existed for thousands of years, and anthropologists have argued that such dietary rules emerged to reduce environmental impacts by enco...

  8. Tropicalismos y europeísmos en el fútbol. La narración de la diferencia entre Brasil y Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Alabarces, Pablo

    2006-01-01

    The article analyzes the use of the stereotypes in the football narratives of national identity in Argentina and Brazil, starting from a previous work made by the Brazilian anthropologist Simoni Lahud Guedes. I will try to explain, through a bibliographical review and the use of several sources —from sociology and anthropology, to history— the way in which the difference between both countries was narrated, using tropicalism and europeism as stereotypes. These stereotypes (produced by a colon...

  9. Toward a discovery-oriented ethnography in researching the professional context of higher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friberg, Gustav Torbjörn

    2014-01-01

    Today anthropologists seem to be increasingly studying phenomena in their own societies. Many have a focus on policies in organizations and an interest in explicating cultural phenomena constituted by power and governance. Consequently, a recent interest has emerged in Michel Foucault's philosoph...... organizational phenomena. In particular, an analysis based upon Wolf's concept can be useful for an increased understanding of policy processes in the field of higher education....

  10. Identity and Schooling: Some Lessons for the Economics of Education

    OpenAIRE

    Akerlof, George A.; Rachel E. Kranton

    2002-01-01

    This review culls noneconomic literature on education--by sociologists, anthropologists, and practitioners to present a new economic theory of students and schools. This theory elaborates two themes that have eluded economic analysis. First is the student as decision-maker whose primary motivation is her identity. Second is a conception of the school as a social institution. This framework suggests a new perspective on questions such as resource allocation and school reform. It explains why s...

  11. A Comparative Fieldwork Experience in Spain and Mexico Or, Cultural Ecology Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Tomé Martín, Pedro

    2008-01-01

    Contrary to frequent statements in the literature since the 19th century, the use of the comparative method in anthropology has been more apparent, or programmatic, than real. Worth mentioning exceptions in both Spanish anthropology and the anthropology of the Americas are studies by J. M. Arguedas, G. Foster, M. Gutierrez Estevez and C. Gimenez. Exceptions such as these confirm the rule. The author came across this methodological paradox while doing research with Mexican anthropologist Andre...

  12. Political Cultural Ecology and the Study of Regions in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Fábregas Puig, Andrés

    2009-01-01

    This paper shows why Cultural Ecology, understood as a method to explore the relationships between the environment and cultural processes, has deeply influenced a whole generation of Mexican anthropologists as a result of the teachings of Ángel Palerm and Eric Wolf. The practical application of Steward’s theories to the processes of Mexican regional formation, linked to the use of hydraulic technologies as part of both adaptative cultural strategies and the political control of water in the p...

  13. Performing the Slaughterhouse: Making Meaning and Worlds in Daily Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Wentworth, Kara

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation is an ethnography of the kill floor – the small concrete room where animals are killed and dismembered – in small U.S. slaughterhouses. From 2010-2014, I visited two dozen slaughterhouses and meat businesses, spending time with people and animals, asking questions, helping out, and trying to answer one overarching question: How is meaning made in practice?To answer this question, I take three different analytic approaches: In the first section, I work as an anthropologist....

  14. Culture, Urbanism and Changing Human Biology

    OpenAIRE

    Schell, L M

    2014-01-01

    Anthropologists have long known that human activity driven by culture changes the environment. This is apparent in the archaeological record and through the study of the modern environment. Perhaps the largest change since the paleolithic era is the organization of human populations in cities. New environments can reshape human biology through evolution as shown by the evolution of the hominid lineage. Evolution is not the only process capable of reshaping our biology. Some changes in our hum...

  15. Nampeyo and Her Pottery, by Barbara Kramer. 1996. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque,

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan E. Reyman

    1998-01-01

    Pueblo pottery and Pueblo potters have long been of interest to anthropologists, artists, and other scholars. Pueblo pottery has been a focal point of government, museum, and individual collecting activities for well over a century, beginning with the work of Major John Wesley Powell and later Colonel James Stevenson on behalf of the V.S. Geological Survey and the Bureau of (American) Ethnology. Anna O. Shepard pioneer...

  16. Polanyian meditations on economy and society: a review of ‘Market Society: The Great Transformation Today’

    OpenAIRE

    Dale, G

    2010-01-01

    When one considers anthropology’s recent encounter with ‘globalisation’ -- whether understood as a “totalizing” discourse (Tsing 2000), as the dialectical antinomy of localization, as expanding constellations of diasporas and transnational social spaces” (Basch, Glick-Schiller & Szanton 1994), or as webs of legal and illegal trade (Nordstrom 2007) -- it can be profitable to recall the precursors. By this I mean anthropologists who consistently brought a historical-theoretical concern with glo...

  17. Dampak Goal Setting terhadap Individual Personal Development Alumni Seminar Internasional Haggai Institute yang Berasal dari Indonesia pada Periode Tahun 2000-2002

    OpenAIRE

    Nuah P. Tarigan

    2011-01-01

    According to anthropologist, religion has a close relationship to one nations culture. Haggai Institute saw the same perspective of management principles, and more about leadership, where it believes that any organization needs to change paradigm from its comfort zone that mostly everywhere. The research is hoped to be useful in the importance of designing the life purpose in every active Christian leader in building the future of service, family, community, and work. The research re...

  18. Genetic perspectives on crop domestication

    OpenAIRE

    Gross, Briana L.; Olsen, Kenneth M.

    2010-01-01

    The process of crop domestication has long been a topic of active research for biologists, anthropologists and others. Genetic data have proved a powerful resource for drawing inferences on questions regarding the geographical origins of crops, the numbers of independent domestication events for a given crop species, the specific molecular changes underlying domestication traits, and the nature of artificial selection during domestication and subsequent crop improvement. We would argue that t...

  19. PROBLEMATIKA PENERAPAN METODE FIELD RESEARCH UNTUK PENELITIAN ARSITEKTUR VERNAKULAR DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Salmon Priaji Martana

    2006-01-01

    Field research method was introduced into the academic world on the second half of 19th century. This method commonly used by anthropologist. According to Bronislaw Malinoski -field research pioneer in 1920s- social researcher must interact directly and live together with the indigene to study their tradition, belief, as well as their social process. As the time passing by, field research method also used by another branch of science, including architecture. The implementation of field resear...

  20. Introducing an Etnosemiotic Approach to develop Multimedia Material for Supporting the Alphabetization Process for a Mexican Indigenous Language

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Garcia

    2011-01-01

    One of the effects of globalization in countries’ education programs is the loss of their native languages. The loss of native languages does not only affect the research work of anthropologists, linguists, and ethnologists; moreover the country’s identity and culture. In this context, our research aims to establish some ethnic contexts which influence students’ learning and to provide dynamic material to support the learning process in an indigenous language. More specifically, in this paper...

  1. How the World Changed Social Media

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Daniel; Costa, Elisabetta; Haynes, Nell; McDonald, Tom; Nicolescu, Razvan; Sinanan, Jolynna; Spyer, Juliano; Venkatraman, Shriram; Wang, Xinyuan

    2016-01-01

    How the World Changed Social Media is the first book in Why We Post, a book series that investigates the findings of nine anthropologists who each spent 15 months living in communities across the world. This book offers a comparative analysis summarising the results of the research and exploring the impact of social media on politics and gender, education and commerce. What is the result of the increased emphasis on visual communication? Are we becoming more individual or more social? Why is ...

  2. A Unifying Account of Technological Knowledge: Animal Construction, Tool Use, and Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Heflin, Ashley Shew

    2011-01-01

    Philosophers, historians of technology, and anthropologists often offer accounts of technology that include a â human clause,â some phrase to the effect that only humans use or make technologies. When these academics do consider tool use, they refer to a few cases, usually from chimpanzee studies, as special and unusual in the animal kingdom and whose similarities to human tool use can be explained through some shared evolutionary heritage. However, new observational and laboratory animal ...

  3. Dance and Costume. From the Tradition to Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kabitsis Christos

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available According to dance sociologists and anthropologists, folk dance is an aspect of human behaviour, a non-verbal system of communication in which society itself is reflected. Dance, apart from motion, also covers the areas surrounding it: the environment where it occurs and develops, the relationships between the dancers themselves and between the dancers and spectators, the objects used during the performance and even the dancers’ costumes.

  4. Metopism: As an Indicator of Cranial Pathology; A Good Example from Iranian Plateau

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Mehdi Tavassoli

    2011-01-01

    Metopism had been observed as a genetic trait. Recent studies have brought to light that it can get as an indicator of cranial pathology. An example of this pathology has been studied by this author on an Iranian skeletal sample. The purpose of this paper is to provide basic information on the subject and thereby to create awareness among Iranian anthropologists and archaeologists of this new line of evidence as well as to pathologists.

  5. Book review: Marilyn Strathern: “a truly inspirational and trailblazing anthropologist”

    OpenAIRE

    Pottage, Alain

    2012-01-01

    This recent collection of original and accessible essays on the work of Marilyn Strathern represents an accessible introduction to the work of one of the world’s leading anthropologists. Alain Pottage reflects on what this means for knowledge production and the ‘impact’ of scholarship. Recasting Anthropological Knowledge: Inspiration and Social Science. Jeanette Edwards and Maja Petrović-Šteger (eds), Cambridge University Press. September 2011. 206 pp.

  6. In search of racial types: soldiers and the anthropological mapping of the Romanian nation, 1914-44.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turda, Marius

    2013-02-01

    Turda's article explores the diverse ways in which racial research conducted on prisoners-of-war (POWs) and soldiers contributed to the emergence of anthropological narratives of national identity in Romania between 1914 and 1944. It first discusses racial typologies produced by Austrian, German, Italian and Polish anthropologists investigating POWs during the First World War, and then examines how Romanian physicians and anthropologists engaged with these typologies while refining their own scientific and nationalist agendas. An essential corollary to this development was a strong commitment to the cultivation of distinct Romanian racial types. The interwar and Second World War periods witnessed the full flowering of a Romanian race science that accommodated a racial hierarchy as the basis for national difference. Moreover, by identifying the racial types purportedly constituting the Romanian nation, anthropologists not only hoped to develop a systematic racial inventory of Romania's ethnic communities, but also to reinforce the myth of ethnogenesis, which described the Romanians as worthy of their noble European origins and legitimized their territorial claims. PMID:24363459

  7. "Doctor, Why Didn't You Adopt My Baby?" Observant Participation, Care, and the Simultaneous Practice of Medicine and Anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sufrin, Carolyn

    2015-12-01

    Medical anthropology has long appreciated the clinical encounter as a rich source of data and a key site for critical inquiry. It is no surprise, then, that a number of physician-anthropologists have used their clinical insights to make important contributions to the field. How does this duality challenge and enhance the moral practice and ethics of care inherent both to ethnography and to medicine? How do bureaucratic and professional obligations of HIPAA and the IRB intersect with aspirations of anthropology to understand human experience and of medicine to heal with compassion? In this paper, I describe my simultaneous fieldwork and clinical practice at an urban women's jail in the United States. In this setting, being a physician facilitates privileged access to people and spaces within, garners easy trust, and enables an insider perspective more akin to observant participation than participant observation. Through experiences of delivering the infants of incarcerated pregnant women and of being with the mothers as they navigate drug addiction, child custody battles, and re-incarceration, the roles of doctor and anthropologist become mutually constitutive and transformative. Moreover, the dual practice reveals congruities and cracks in each discipline's ethics of care. Being an anthropologist among informants who may have been patients reworks expectations of care and necessitates ethical practice informed by the dual roles. PMID:25697337

  8. Applying anthropology in the development of former colonies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Ribić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available From the sixth to the eight decade of the twentieth century, horizontally integrated and sector approach intermingled, and the renewed interest for the influence of development on the poor in the second half of the seventies, brought about the larger than ever engagement of anthropologists in developmental projects. In the twenties “sustainable” became the credo for development, and for anthropologists, cultural ecologists and human rights representatives, sustainability meant the capability of the people to preserve and maintained their mode of life. The usual stance is that developmental anthropology as a profession is constituted upon the general anthropology, and that one of its perspectives in relation to the development planning arises from the understanding of the process of birocratic decision making and the use of profound knowledge of cultures, institutions and historical trends in a particular country, as well as from the insights obtained from comparative studies of comparable institutions in other countries. The objective is to arrive to an unambiguous and anticipatory assessment of decisions-consequences relating to the distribution of resources, and the foremost trait of such perspective is the focus on, in a cultural pattern based, perceptions, goals, interests, strategies and organizations of the planned clients and members of other groups, including the elite and the administrators, whose cooperation is a precondition of change. On the other hand, anthropologists who reject such understandings of developmental anthropology, rebuff an occidental view of development as a historical necessity.

  9. Estereótipos e discriminação étnico-racial em e através dos livros ilustrados infanto-juvenis (Tradução

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Francis

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In the French law, the integration of the European Directive 2000-43, 29/6/2000, regarding equal treatment among people, irrespective of racial or ethnic origin, and the official recognition of the racial discrimination issue (EUROSTAT, 2007; FASSIN, 2010; MASCLET, 2012 led the public agencies to develop actions towards the fight against race prejudice and stereotypes, and to promote education for diversity (DIM, 2012.This study is situated in the field of educational research on discrimination in children’s education from an early age (DERMAN-SPARKS, 1989; VANDENBROECK, 2005. It examines children and young people’s illustrated books, as well as the discourse of the professionals related to these works. It comes after two studies (FRANCIS; THIERY, 2011; THIERY; FRANCIS, 2013 whose authors observed the small number of fiction books, published between 1980 and 2010, whose main character is a black child. The books in which black kids live peaceful, happy childhood experiences are rare. Black children most often appear in situations dealing with the difference, tolerance, identity, exclusion, and racism (THIERY; FRANCIS, 2015. The study proposes an analysis of some emblematic books and the comments about them, produced by the institutions of the book and reading, librarians, teaching counselors and teachers, particularly from nursery schools. In fiction books, black children characters are usually associated with themes, toponyms, and objects. The body representations are notably partially or completely mute. The space representations are simultaneously limited and bounded by literary, aesthetic and plastic reasons. The themes, comments and references found in some books regarding others show the effects of stereotyping, prejudice and highlight ethnic-racial discrimination. The results of the study invite us to question the illusion of in-differentiation of white children’s and black children’s representations in the contemporary production

  10. Stéréotypes et discriminations ethnoraciales dans et par les albums illustrés pour la jeunesse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Francis

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In the French law, the integration of the European Directive 2000-43, 29/6/2000, regarding equal treatment among people, irrespective of racial or ethnic origin, and the official recognition of the racial discrimination issue (EUROSTAT, 2007; FASSIN, 2010; MASCLET, 2012 led the public agencies to develop actions towards the fight against race prejudice and stereotypes, and to promote education for diversity (DIM, 2012.This study is situated in the field of educational research on discrimination in children’s education from an early age (DERMAN-SPARKS, 1989; VANDENBROECK, 2005. It examines children and young people’s illustrated books, as well as the discourse of the professionals related to these works. It comes after two studies (FRANCIS; THIERY, 2011; THIERY; FRANCIS, 2013 whose authors observed the small number of fiction books, published between 1980 and 2010, whose main character is a black child. The books in which black kids live peaceful, happy childhood experiences are rare. Black children most often appear in situations dealing with the difference, tolerance, identity, exclusion, and racism (THIERY; FRANCIS, 2015. The study proposes an analysis of some emblematic books and the comments about them, produced by the institutions of the book and reading, librarians, teaching counselors and teachers, particularly from nursery schools. In fiction books, black children characters are usually associated with themes, toponyms, and objects. The body representations are notably partially or completely mute. The space representations are simultaneously limited and bounded by literary, aesthetic and plastic reasons. The themes, comments and references found in some books regarding others show the effects of stereotyping, prejudice and highlight ethnic-racial discrimination. The results of the study invite us to question the illusion of in-differentiation of white children’s and black children’s representations in the contemporary production

  11. Marcelijaus Martinaičio poezijos antropologiškumas | Anthropological poetry of Marcelijus Martinaitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akvilė Rėklaitytė

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Artists, philosophers, and cultural anthropologists claim that a human being is defined by the innate ability and aptitude to represent the world and oneself symbolically; this opens up an exclusive possibility of self-reflection, perception of the world, and creation of meanings. Clifford Geertz draws attention to the fact how a human being himself explicates and comments his culture – a net of meanings and their relationships spun by himself, where, as if suspended in a web, a man lives, speaks, bleeds, wages wars, loves, jokes, and creates poems. The method of the interpretation of culture “thick description” by Geertz “is focused not on the recording of external parameters, but namely on that far more sophisticated net of relationships of meanings and perceptive structures upon the grasping whereof one could approximate to the “essence” – i.e. a system of meanings, world outlook, and culture of the other. This article analyses the creation of Marcelijus Martinaitis, a narrator, one of the most famous Lithuanian poets of the “outgoing generation”, descendant and successor of the declining ethnic community culture, increasingly distancing from the experience of a modern man in terms of cross-disciplinary literature anthropology. Also, a model of experimental anthropology, the so-called anthropological poetics that has not yet been discussed in Lithuanian, is presented. It treats poetry as an interpretation of ambivalent, complicated experience of an anthropologist. The article states that he is a peculiar cultural anthropologist, a witness, an intermediary of experience, whereas his poetry acts as Geertz’s “thick description”. Essayistic works of Martinaitis are read as an articulation of his ethnographic self-creation covering personality formation, testimony, and transfer of cultural meanings.

  12. El compromiso profético de los antropólogos sociales argentinos, 1960-1976

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    Rosana Guber

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Norbert Elias señalaba que calificar a las investigaciones según su grado de compromiso o distanciamiento de los objetos de estudio, es parte de los valores en tanto juicios prácticos que los intelectuales empleamos en el desarrollo de nuestra actividad. La profusa invocación al compromiso en la antropología latinoamerican, habla de lo que quienes lo invocan desean hacer con sus antropologías, y también de cómo este ideal nos ha modelado a los antropólogos. En este artículo muestro las formas y razones antropológicas y específicamente argentinas por las cuales la "antropología social" y el "compromiso" se constituyeron recíprocamente en el sentido común de nuestra subdisciplina en la Argentina. un doble posicionamiento-político-universitario y epistemológico-de un sector de los antropólogos argentinos que caracterizaré como profético.According to Norbert Elias, to qualify research according to its degree of commitment to, or detachment from its objects, is a practical value that intellectuals use in pursuing their job. Current references to commitment (compromiso by Latin American anthropologists, talk about those colleagues' perspectives on anthropology, and also about the ways in which such a notion has modeled them as anthropologists. Here I examine how and why Argentine anthropologists have made of "social anthropology" and "commitment" the backbone of their discipline in Argentina, both in university politics and in academic work in the 60-70s. I also suggest that anthropological debates on prophets and prophetism may cast some light upon this process.

  13. A sociologist's apprentice of social anthropology perplexities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telmo Humberto Lapa Caria

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is the systematization of Communication presented in thematic panel on "Ethnography" at the Third Congress of Portuguese Anthropology, which took place in Lisbon, ISCTE / ICS, in April 2006. Bring therefore a few critical contributions to the reflection of Sociology in Anthropology in Portugal, only wanting to limit myself to a vision that results of my journey of learning between these two disciplines and at the same time, demand respect certain principles of the method anthropological So that my short words here, a contribution may be interesting for reflection between anthropologists.

  14. The Perils of Public Anthropology? Quiescent Anthropology in Neo-Nationalist Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hervik, Peter

    2015-01-01

    the Scandinavia countries during the last decade. Public anthropology, it is argued, is not an obligation that is to be confused with publicity of research findings but to engage seriously as individuals and departments through research projects and investing expertise in public issues, for instance......Nordic anthropologists were remarkably absent from the news media in Scandinavia during the Muhammad Cartoon issue of 2005/6. This chapter discusses perils of public anthropology as seen in the research engagement with the lopsided and simplified representation of ethnic and religious minorities in...

  15. "Introduction to an Alternative History of Money"

    OpenAIRE

    Wray , L. Randall

    2012-01-01

    This paper integrates the various strands of an alternative, heterodox view on the origins of money and the development of the modern financial system in a manner that is consistent with the findings of historians and anthropologists. As is well known, the orthodox story of money's origins and evolution begins with the creation of a medium of exchange to reduce the costs of barter. To be sure, the history of money is "lost in the mists of time," as money's invention probably predates writing....

  16. Amateur versus professional: the search for Bigfoot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regal, Brian

    2008-06-01

    Those who would seek monsters not as metaphors, but as flesh and blood organisms have gone largely overlooked by the history of science. Starting in the 1950s and 1960s a group of amateur monster hunters and physical anthropologists began to pursue such creatures as Sasquatch, Bigfoot and the Yeti as living species. Whether or not such creatures exist, the monster hunters themselves are fascinating subjects for study, illustrating the tensions that are all too common between amateur naturalists and professional scientists. PMID:18514914

  17. Reflections on “Crossing Borders in Birthing Practices”: Hmong in Northern Thailand and Saint Paul, Minnesota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As a family physician and medical anthropologist, I have interacted with pregnant women and their families in Minnesota since 1983 and in one Hmong village in Northern Thailand since 1988. In the previous article I describe our recent research about Hmong families’ pregnancy and birth practices in Thailand. In this article, I reflect upon the differences in Minnesota and Thailand, consider what socio-cultural factors may be influencing people’s experiences, and speculate that Minnesota Hmong experiences could be helpful to Thai Hmong.

  18. Anthropology, social change and the reconstruction of South African society1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Jansen van Rensburg

    1994-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article it is argued that, since the abuse of anthropology in the colonial and apartheid eras, the responsive relationship between anthropology and society has been re-emphasised. In the reconstruction of South African society, therefore, anthropologists will not be allowed the luxury of evading their social responsibility. In their re-invention of anthropology as a humane science, and the reiteration of their commitment to accountability and relevance, these scientists ought to build their discipline upon the investigation of the major consequences of differential power and inequality. This could be helpful in creating new forms of co-existence in South Africa

  19. MYTHOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF SIYAVASH AND KEYKHOSROW IN SHAHNAME

    OpenAIRE

    Mirmiran, S.; Masoodi, M.

    2013-01-01

    There is no great civilization which wasn't being dominated by myths or wasn't being effected by mythological elements. Myths and its world is an idependent and selt-organized world. The myth had it's own realm and configuration so it's validity shouldn't be evaluated by scales outside of this world. However, it should be understood by its internal and structural rules. The basic steps of mythological criticism were happened in 19th century. The pioneers were anthropologists who criticized th...

  20. Origins cosmos, earth, and mankind

    CERN Document Server

    Coppens, Yves; Simonnet, Dominique

    2011-01-01

    In this potent book, three eminent scientists-an astrophysicist, an organic chemist, and an anthropologist-ponder and discuss some of the basic questions that have obsessed humankind through the ages, and offer thoughtful, enlightening answers in terms the layperson can easily understand. Until now, most of these questions were addressed by religion and philosophy. But science has reached a point where it, too, can voice an opinion. Beginning with the Big Bang roughly fifteen billion years ago, the authors trace the evolution of the cosmos, from the first particles, the atoms, the molecules, t

  1. Kingdom of God in Mark s feeding stories : How Chikore Rural peasants Read and Reflect on the text from their social context in Zimbabwe

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Hungers, HIV, wars and anarchy are the main issues which are frequently reported by the media when events about Africa are told. Yet ironically, the continent has a fast growing record of the Christian gospel. How can a proper biblical hermeneutic respond to the evils affecting the continent? A lot of studies have been done by Christian anthropologist and sociologists to understand issues such as witchcraft, charms and ancestor but I feel that little has been done to come up with a Biblical h...

  2. Anthropometric measurements of the hand length and their correlation with the stature in Eastern Indian population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwesa Pal

    2014-12-01

    CONCLUSION: The result of this study can be used as baseline information for further population based study in the eastern part of India so that the anthropologist and forensic experts can estimate the height of adult individuals of either sex by use of either of the hand. Further nutritionists and the physicians can also use the results of this study as a reference while estimating the nutritional status of adult individuals specially the bedridden patients. [Natl J Med Res 2014; 4(4.000: 303-305

  3. THE PHILOSOPHY OF “DALIT”?...(A new theory on “JATIS”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Arulmani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available It is focused that in human social system “Dalits” are considered as an “out-caste” and treated them as “Untouchables” and being ill-treated almost in every day of Life. If so, where did Dalits come from?... Since Ancient time global level Scientists, Scholars, Anthropologists could not exactly answer who are Dalits?... Further world wide Untouchability, Casteism discrimination being practiced besides “BLACK” and “WHITE”, ethnics. Further hundreds of castes, sub castes exist within main “Ethnic frame” of religions like Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, considering Dalits as distinguished out-caste.

  4. Evolution and Creation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiorenzo Facchini

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available STATISTICA re-proposes a note of Fiorenzo Facchini — a distinguished anthropologist of the University of Bologna — published on the Osservatore Romano (17/01/2006 and cited by New York Times (18/01/2006. As the reader can easily observe, the strength of the Darwinian thought has provoked a deep reflection also inside the catholic tradition, witnessed here by a scientist that is at a same time a man of the church. After Darwin, such tradition has been forced to modify deeply its philosophical view about the real world.

  5. Culture and personality studies, 1918-1960: myth and history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, R A

    2001-12-01

    The field known as "culture and personality studies" in the middle decades of the 20th century was a precursor of contemporary cross-cultural research on personality. Its rejection by anthropologists and sociologists after 1950 was accompanied by stereotypes that have hardened into myth and obscured its character and relevance for contemporary investigators. This article dispels some prevalent misconceptions (concerning its chronology, its theoretical unity, its positions on individual differences and its relationship to Freudian psychoanalysis) and proposes a tentative explanation of its decline. PMID:11767819

  6. Medical anthropology and Ebola in Congo: cultural models and humanistic care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hewlett, B S; Epelboin, A; Hewlett, B L; Formenty, P

    2005-09-01

    Seldom have medical anthropologists been involved in efforts to control high mortality diseases such as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) This paper describes the results of two distinct but complementary interventions during the first phases of an outbreak in the Republic of Congo in 2003. The first approach emphasized understanding local peoples cultural models and political-economic explanations for the disease while the second approach focused on providing more humanitarian care of patients by identifying and incorporating local beliefs and practices into patient care and response efforts. PMID:16267966

  7. The West African sports official: an insider's view of sports administration

    OpenAIRE

    Beek, van, K.

    2013-01-01

    Using my own experience as a sports administrator, I describe and analyse the organisational culture of West African sports. As a cultural anthropologist and draughts player, I have been President of the Fédération Mondiale du Jeu de Dames for eleven years, followed by four years as Executive Vice-President of the Confédération Africaine du Jeu de Dames. Using a series of first hand cases, five major principles of 'management culture' or 'board-room culture' are discerned and analysed that se...

  8. El Neolítico y la discusión del problema indoeuropeo

    OpenAIRE

    Bosch-Gimpera, Pedro

    2010-01-01

    After the publication of the author's book "El problema indoeuropeo" (México, 1960) and of the French translation ("Les Indoeuropéens, Problémes archéologiques", Paris, Payot, 1961) a discussion of their origin and formation of their different groups has been again raised. The conclusions of the author who does not believe in a single origin and a single home of the Indoeuropean people seems to find agreement. Dr. M. Gimbutas ("American Anthropologist" 1963 and 1964, and other articles), beli...

  9. Defining Life

    OpenAIRE

    Benner, Steven A.

    2010-01-01

    Any definition is intricately connected to a theory that gives it meaning. Accordingly, this article discusses various definitions of life held in the astrobiology community by considering their connected “theories of life.” These include certain “list” definitions and a popular definition that holds that life is a “self-sustaining chemical system capable of Darwinian evolution.” We then act as “anthropologists,” studying what scientists do to determine which definition-theories of life they ...

  10. Borrowed intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Wright, Judson

    2015-01-01

    In order to investigate the broader issue of synthesis of intelligence in man‑made systems, by putting aside the argument whether or not intelligence is feasible by computational means alone, we are in a better vantage point to assess, not how, but where various positions in this argument lie. One curious faction, that is particularly relevant to perceptions of intelligence, appears in the culture of the art world. The anthropologist can take a missionary stance or a native one – as an artist...

  11. A GIS-based Vegetation Map of the World at the Last

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Ray

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available A preliminary, broad-scale vegetation map reconstruction for use by archaeologists and anthropologists is presented here for the world at the Last Glacial Maximum (18,000 BP, but broadly representing the interval from 25,000 to 15,000 BP. The global LGM map was produced from a range of literature and map sources, and drawn on a GIS with topographic information. Extended coastlines due to LGM sea-level drop were obtained using bathymetric information. The map is available in image and Geographic Information System (GIS formats, on a global or regional basis.

  12. Cane River: the archaeology of “free people of colour” in colonial Louisiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin MacDonald

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available The overseas dispersal and subsequent history of people of African descent – the African diaspora – has attracted much interest in recent decades from anthropologists, archaeologists and historians, particularly in the USA. But such studies have seldom been undertaken by archaeologists with experience of West Africa and its material culture. In a new project on the African heritage in colonial Louisiana, members of the Institute are collaborating with American colleagues to combine expertise on cultural contacts in the Americas between Native Americans, Africans and European colonists.

  13. "Violent Intent Modeling: Incorporating Cultural Knowledge into the Analytical Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Nibbs, Faith G.

    2007-08-24

    While culture has a significant effect on the appropriate interpretation of textual data, the incorporation of cultural considerations into data transformations has not been systematic. Recognizing that the successful prevention of terrorist activities could hinge on the knowledge of the subcultures, Anthropologist and DHS intern Faith Nibbs has been addressing the need to incorporate cultural knowledge into the analytical process. In this Brown Bag she will present how cultural ideology is being used to understand how the rhetoric of group leaders influences the likelihood of their constituents to engage in violent or radicalized behavior, and how violent intent modeling can benefit from understanding that process.

  14. The distribution of cultural and biological diversity in Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moore, Joslin L; Manne, Lisa; Brooks, Thomas;

    2002-01-01

    Anthropologists, biologists and linguists have all noted an apparent coincidence in species diversity and human cultural or linguistic diversity. We present, to our knowledge, one of the first quantitative descriptions of this coincidence and show that, for 2 degrees x 2 degrees grid cells across...... sub-Saharan Africa, cultural diversity and vertebrate species diversity exhibit marked similarities in their overall distribution. In addition, we show that 71% of the observed variation in species richness and 36% in language richness can be explained on the basis of environmental factors, suggesting...

  15. Notes and perspective theories on Claude Lèvi-Strauss thinking

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    Marcelo Tadvald

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available As a mark of the western scientific thought, anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss’ work still today acts a base for many paradigms in the social studies’ field. This article presents, briefly, part of his ideas, articulating then in a way to elucidate its understanding. In a second moment, it compares his appropriation of the concept of history developed by other thinker, Marshall Sahlins, intending to show the historical implications that are present in the development of a scientific thought. What we learn from this exercise is the depth and topicality of Claude Lévi-Strauss’ work.

  16. An Analysis of the Humor between Chinese and Western from the Perspective of Intercultural Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Jiatong

    2015-01-01

    The concept of Intercultural communication was originally developed by the American cultural anthropologist Edward T Hall,he believes communicative competence includes not only a form of language understanding and mastering the language,but also on when and where to What is the proper way for anyone to use language to communicate.This article will list some of the differences in the Western sense of humor in everyday life and explore the root causes of these differences to find ways to resolve these differences in Intercultural communication.

  17. Subversión erótica y subversión poética: a propósito de unos límites

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Pérez, Pedro

    2005-01-01

    Erotic poetry has been traditionally relegated to the margins of literature, where it appears classified as «popular literature» in contradistinction to the more learned and refined writing. «Popular literature» is the realm of philologists and anthropologists. In the light of current perspectives, however, this traditional view must be revised. The author's contribution to this revision is based on his analysis of a number of texts of erotic poetry from Spain's Golden Age.

  18. Study of supracondylar process of humerus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Vandana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The supra condylar process is occasional beak like projection from anteromedial surface of distal 1/3 rd of humerus. It appears to be phylogenetic remnant of complete osseous bridge found in reptiles, marsupials, cats, lemurs and new world monkeys. Among 133 dried humeri studied only one right humerus showed SCP (incidence 0.75% whose dimensions were recorded and photographed. SCP is usually clinically silent but can be the cause for median or ulnar nerve and brachial artery compression syndrome especially when associated with Struthers ligament. Therefore the knowledge of presence of SCP is important for clinicians and radiologists along with anatomists and anthropologists.

  19. Richard Michael Suzman (1942-2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahneman, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Presents an obituary for Richard Michael Suzman, who died on April 16, 2015. Suzman was trained as a sociologist and anthropologist, but he was attracted to the approaches of demography and economics. He came to know a great deal about diverse fields of science, including health, physiology, psychology, genetics, and economics. He was a scientific leader who was on a quest to develop new transdisciplinary fields and to mobilize the best scientists to work in them. Suzman's passion for transdisciplinary science was fully expressed in his greatest achievement: the famous Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), which he initiated in 1988 and continued to guide and inspire. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27504580

  20. Origins cosmos, earth, and mankind

    CERN Document Server

    Coppens, Yves; Simonnet, Dominique; de Rosney, Joel; Silk, Professor of Astronomy and Physics Joseph

    2011-01-01

    In this potent book, three eminent scientists—an astrophysicist, an organic chemist, and an anthropologist—ponder and discuss some of the basic questions that have obsessed humankind through the ages, and offer thoughtful, enlightening answers in terms the layperson can easily understand. Until now, most of these questions were addressed by religion and philosophy. But science has reached a point where it, too, can voice an opinion. Beginning with the Big Bang roughly fifteen billion years ago, the authors trace the evolution of the cosmos, from the first particles, the atoms, the molecules, t

  1. Art as an Evolutionary Adaptation: Inspiration from the Visible Supernovae of AD 1054 and AD 3054

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbally, C. J.; Rappaport, M. B.

    2016-01-01

    The authors, an astronomer/priest and an anthropologist/biologist, describe their use of the dramatic arts at the INSAP VIII meeting in their performance of two short skits on the sighting of a supernova in AD 1054 (creating the beautiful Crab Nebula) and a future “Rho Cas” stellar explosion in the constellation Cassiopeia, in AD 3054. They speculate on the emergence of science, religion, and art as bona fide adaptations, responding to natural selection, which served early hominins well in their struggle for existence. They draw parallels to the continued functions of science, religion, and art in modern society.

  2. ['Fueguinos', Robert Lehmann-Nitsche, and the study of the Ona at the Buenos Aires National Exhibit (1898)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballestero, Diego A

    2011-01-01

    Among the first projects of German anthropologist Robert Lehmann-Nitsche as head of the Museum de La Plata's Department of Anthropology in Argentina was his research on the inhabitants of Tierra del Fuego, deemed evolutionary 'relics' of humanity. The article explores the role of shows and exhibits as spaces where science was popularized and where late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century scholars could do field work. The focus is on the presentation of 'fueguinos' at European shows and exhibits, debates, and studies, especially the work of Robert Lehmann-Nitsche at the National Exhibit of Argentinean Industry, held in Buenos Aires, 1898. PMID:22012098

  3. On Janie’s Self-actualization in Light of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丹; 徐畔

    2013-01-01

      Zora Neale Hurston is an African-American novelist, anthropologist. Her famous novel Their Eyes Were Watching God to some extent reflects the pursuit of self-actualization of the female protagonist Janie. The psychological term Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is implemented in this study to help to analyze the process of Janie’s self-actualization, which illustrates how Janie realized self-fulfillment and appreciated the intrinsic worth of her surroundings and to experience the world deeply through marriages to three different men.

  4. La Historia, los Antropólogos y la Amazonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Pineda Camacho

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Colombia’s anthropology of the Amazon, like the other Latin American anthropologists of the rain forest, was concerned whit developing a historical vision of the place, complementing in this way other metropolitan perspectives on basin that were centered, whit few exceptions, around a synchronic perspective. Understanding such situation demanded from them not only the explorations of oral traditions, but also conceiving the anthropology of the Amazon as a historical anthropology of the Andes, from India and in the context of the certain metropolitan anthropologies.

  5. Evidence to the Windscale Inquiry on the social and political implications of the nuclear controversy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mr.Taylor's paper has the following section headings: preface; my relevant experience; the problem of controversy; the nature of the nuclear power controversy; the role of argument; paranoia and repression; structural inertia and conflict; the internationalisation of the opposition; the place of THORP in the context of an environmental revolution; the effect on THORP; the disposal controversy; the safety controversy; the psychological aspects of the nuclear controversy; nuclear power and symbolic representation; my own view as a social anthropologist (fledgling). (U.K.)

  6. Levi-Strauss, Claude (1908-2009)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bouchet, Dominique

    2015-01-01

    Before Lévi-Strauss, anthropology was merely empirical and mostly interested in identifying different cultures’ contextual framework. Lévi-Strauss is not just interested in understanding and explaining different cultures from within. He wants to figure out how humans think fundamentally and from...... there to understand cultural diversity. Lévi-Strauss is the first anthropologist to connect cultural diversity with the unity of humans, that is to say, with human nature. All humans do not think the same, neither do they unite in the same way, but they compose in the same way. They have the same...

  7. Collaborative form(s)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunn, Wendy

    Gunn asks us to consider beauty as collaborative forms of action generated by moving between design by means of anthropology and anthropology by means of design. Specifically, she gives focus to play-like reflexions on practices of designing energy products, systems and infrastructure. Design...... anthropology engages groups of people within collaborative, interdisciplinary, inter-organizational design processes and co-analytic activities vs. the individual anthropologist conducting studies of people. In doing anthropology by means of design as Gatt and Ingold (2013) have shown, design is considered the...... premise designing as a social process and can be understood as a material engagement and constructive critique involving participant observation....

  8. The Sabah Oral Literature Project

    OpenAIRE

    Appell, George

    2010-01-01

    George N. Appell, M.B.A., A.M. (Harvard), Ph.D. (Australian National University) is a social anthropologist. He has done fieldwork, assisted by his wife Laura W.R. Appell, among the Dogrib Indians of the Northwest Territories of Canada, the Rungus of Sabah, Malaysia, and the Bulusu? of Indonesian Borneo. They began working with the Rungus in 1959 to record their social organization, language, religion and cultural ecology. They continue to work with the Rungus and are compiling ?The Rungus Cu...

  9. Mother-infant cosleeping, breastfeeding and sudden infant death syndrome: what biological anthropology has discovered about normal infant sleep and pediatric sleep medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenna, James J; Ball, Helen L; Gettler, Lee T

    2007-01-01

    Twenty years ago a new area of inquiry was launched when anthropologists proposed that an evolutionary perspective on infancy could contribute to our understanding of unexplained infant deaths. Here we review two decades of research examining parent-infant sleep practices and the variability of maternal and infant sleep physiology and behavior in social and solitary sleeping environments. The results challenge clinical wisdom regarding "normal" infant sleep, and over the past two decades the perspective of evolutionary pediatrics has challenged the supremacy of pediatric sleep medicine in defining what are appropriate sleep environments and behaviors for healthy human infants. In this review, we employ a biocultural approach that integrates diverse lines of evidence in order to illustrate the limitations of pediatric sleep medicine in adopting a view of infants that prioritizes recent western social values over the human infant's biological heritage. We review what is known regarding infant sleeping arrangements among nonhuman primates and briefly explore the possible paleoecological context within which early human sleep patterns and parent-infant sleeping arrangements might have evolved. The first challenges made by anthropologists to the pediatric and SIDS research communities are traced, and two decades of studies into the behavior and physiology of mothers and infants sleeping together are presented up to the present. Laboratory, hospital and home studies are used to assess the biological functions of shared mother-infant sleep, especially with regard to breastfeeding promotion and SIDS reduction. Finally, we encourage other anthropologists to participate in pediatric sleep research using the unique skills and insights anthropological data provide. By employing comparative, evolutionary and cross-cultural perspectives an anthropological approach stimulates new research insights that influence the traditional medical paradigm and help to make it more inclusive

  10. Generating ethnographic research questions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friberg, Torbjörn

    2015-01-01

    drawing on the conceptual history of anthropology, the aim of this article is to generate ethnographic-oriented research questions concerned with higher education. The first part of the article provides an ethnographic background, while the second part focuses on Paul Willis's reasoning on ethnographic...... imagination, as a prerequisite for generating alternative research questions. The third part makes explicit anthropologist Maurice Godelier's theoretical imagination, carving out some specific theoretical parts which may be used in the generating process. The conclusion then suggests a number of questions to...

  11. Jødisk Identitet; fællesskab, minoritetsspørgsmål og samhørighed

    OpenAIRE

    Stühler, Rebekka Hellstrøm

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this project is to answer the question; how does young, Danish Jews experience their Jewish identity in relation to community, position as minority, and a feeling of togetherness. Furthermore, there is a meta level through the project, where the aim is to discuss and comment on the way anthropology works as a science, focusing on the role of the anthropologist in the field and the question of subjectivity/objectivity. To support that, I have written the project in an untraditional ...

  12. A new form of collaboration in cultural anthropology: Matsutake worlds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    T. K, Choy,; Tsing, Anna

    2009-01-01

    Experiments in collaboration open new investigative possibilities for cultural anthropologists. In this report, we use our research on matsutake mushrooms to show the promise of collaborative experiments for ethnographers of scale making, global connection, and human–nonhuman relations. Anna Tsing...... introduces. Mogu Mogu (Timothy Choy and Shiho Satsuka) argue that the mushroomic figure of mycorrhizal life illuminates workings of capital and power, nature and culture. Lieba Faier examines contingency—through the effect of weather and bugs on matsutake production—as a form of self-positioning that emerges...

  13. Introduction: Aftershocked

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warner, Cameron; Hindman, Heather; Snellinger, Amanda

    2015-01-01

    ongoing series of landslides, exacerbated by the monsoon. In the days and weeks following the initial earthquake, many experts on Nepal began to discuss the underlying issues that made these earthquakes as much a human-made disaster as a natural one. Our discussions evolved into a larger investigation of...... the role of academia in a time of crisis. Much of what is often lost in the rush to rebuild is nuance and historical context, an understanding of the particularities of place in the form of reflections on the past and its implications for the future. Anthropologists working in sites of disaster have...

  14. Women, work, and poverty women centered research for policy change

    CERN Document Server

    Hartmann, Heidi I

    2003-01-01

    Find out how welfare reform has affected women living at the poverty levelWomen, Work, and Poverty presents the latest information on women living at or below the poverty level and the changes that need to be made in public policy to allow them to rise above their economic hardships. Using a wide range of research methods, including in-depth interviews, focus groups, small-scale surveys, and analysis of personnel records, the book explores different aspects of women's poverty since the passage of the 1986 welfare reform bill. Anthropologists, economists, political scientists, socio

  15. How do newcomers learn to use an object?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Malene

    Newcomers have to learn everyday tasks in a practice to become competent practitioners (Goodwin, 1994) or members (Sacks, 1989; Schegloff, 2007). Over time they develop a professional vision (Goodwin, 1994) on the practice, enabling them to make relevant assessments about the practice and tasks...... an embodied situated interactional practice to the student and she moves closer towards becoming a competent practitioner. Goodwin, C. (1994). Professional vision. American Anthropologist, 96(3), 606–633. Goodwin, C. (2007). Participation, Stance and Affect in the Organization of Activities. Discourse...

  16. ORNL`s war on crime, technically speaking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiques, P.

    1996-12-31

    This paper describes research being carried out by the Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE), at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This program works on projects which are solvable, affordable, and outside the scope of the private sector. Examples are presented of work related to: the lifetime of childrens fingerprints compared to adults; the development of ways of providing cooler body armor; digital enhancement technology applied to security-camera images from crime scenes; victim identification by skeletal reconstruction for use by forensic anthropologists.

  17. The Creation and Destruction of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase

    ‘The Svendsens are urging all social scientists to think more as social scientists rather than just as anthropologists, economists, historians, political scientists, or sociologists. Their effort to broaden the way social scientists think about social organization is an important step, especially for...... those of us interested in public policies. . . This is the type of book that should be assigned to graduate students across the social sciences as an illustration of the kind of work that they should aspire to do. I know I have learned a great deal from reading this book and appreciate the effort that...

  18. Stereotypes and Emblems in the Construction of Social Imagination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Rautenberg

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article develops two figures of the social imagination: the stereotype and the emblem. To start with we explore the notion of social imagination, principally from Emile Durkheim, Gaston Bachelard and Maurine Godelier. Secondly, the article deepens the two notions of stereotypes and emblems supported by the works of the historian Bronislaw Baczko and the anthropologist Michael Herzfeld’s. Throughout the paper, the theoretical aims are illustrated with reference to coal-mining memory and heritage in the north of France.  

  19. Ngat is Dead. Studying Mortuary Traditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Steffen

    2009-01-01

    which filmmaking has become integrated in the ongoing dialogue and exchange between the islanders and the anthropologist. “Straddling the permeable genres of ethnographic, participatory, and narrator-driven documentary, this one-hour DVD will be an extremely useful teaching resource. It presents...... anthropological insights prompted by filmmaking grounded in long-term familiarity and involvement with a community. It also demonstrates the benefits of an anthropologically trained film crew. … As an ethnographic film that demonstrates the value and developing insights of long-term fieldwork,this is excellent...

  20. Interdisciplinaridade e suas práticas em documentos de "avaliação e perspectivas" do CNPq 1978, 1982

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Sá

    1987-09-01

    Full Text Available In two parts, this paper deals with the theme in interdisicplinarity and its place both in programs of higher education and services as well as in the frame of health related disciplines. The first part sums up an agenda far-research of the topic. The second part advances a step further and points to the use of an interdisciplinary approach within health programs of teaching and researching: basic data were taken from secondary sources "Avaliação e Perspectivas " (CNPq - 1979 and 1982. As an anthropologist, the author looks for a social anthropoloyg-land".

  1. DaMatta and Ribeiro: Similarities and differences in translation into english of terms and expression of anthropology subarea in the works Carnivals, Rogues and Heroes and The Brazilian People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talita Serpa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses the translation process into English of terms and expressions in the works written respectively by the anthropologists Roberto Da Matta and Darcy Ribeiro and in their respective translation. Our research project draws on Corpus-Based Translation Studies (Baker, 1995, 1996, 2000; Camargo, 2007, Corpus Linguistics (Berber Sardinha, 2004 and on some concepts of Terminology (Barros, 2004. Results show that terms do not present univocity within the language related to Brazilian Anthropology.The translated terms also reflect a cultural change due to the options chosen by the respective translators for the target language.

  2. Stigmatization, Discrimination and Illness; Experiences among HIV-Seropositive Women in Tanga, Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    Bohle, Leah Franziska

    2013-01-01

    “She was given her own plate, her own cup, everything of her own, even when she just touched a cloth then nobody wanted to touch it again.” (Halima, HIV-seropositive) The book sheds light on the profound influence of an HIV-seropositive diagnosis on the lives of women and their social environment in the United Republic of Tanzania. The author, a medical doctor and social anthropologist, tells the story of six Tanzanian HIV-seropositive women, focusing on their negotiation and perception of il...

  3. Stigmatization, Discrimination and Illness

    OpenAIRE

    Bohle, Leah Franziska

    2013-01-01

    “She was given her own plate, her own cup, everything of her own, even when she just touched a cloth then nobody wanted to touch it again.” (Halima, HIV-seropositive) The book sheds light on the profound influence of an HIV-seropositive diagnosis on the lives of women and their social environment in the United Republic of Tanzania. The author, a medical doctor and social anthropologist, tells the story of six Tanzanian HIV-seropositive women, focusing on their negotiation and perception of il...

  4. An on-line index of Pakistan Library Bulletin : volume 1 to 33 (1968 to 2002)

    OpenAIRE

    Samdani, Rais Ahmed; Mahmood, Khalid

    2003-01-01

    Computer is by far the greatest invention in human history. The idea of a global village, which once was the dream of Sociologists, Anthropologists and Philosophers, has now become reality. Information Technology (IT) is the order of the day with the advent of the new millennium. It has now become imperative to keep pace with its swift movement. Its influence on our lives is bright as the sun. No doubt that, after the invention of wheel, computer is the second greatest invention that revolut...

  5. Cushing at Zuni: The Correspondence and Journals of Frank Hamilton Cushing, 1879-1884, edited by Jesse Green, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan E. Reyman

    1992-11-01

    Full Text Available Turn-of-the-century anthropologists were a colorful and controversial lot, some of whose exploits and antics have achieved near mythical status in the history of the discipline. Although they published enormous amounts of material, much of what is now regarded as classic work and essential reading, they also behaved in ways that make today's scholars shudder with anger or disgust and shake their heads in bewilderment. And if the best of these early field workers were geniuses, they were often flawed geniuses who behavior, at times, made it difficult, and sometimes nearly impossible, for later researchers to follow them in the field.

  6. Aldo Rossi, autobiografia scientifica: scrittura come progetto. Indagine critica tra scrittura e progetto di architettura

    OpenAIRE

    Poletti, Giovanni

    2009-01-01

    «In altri termini mi sfuggiva e ancora oggi mi sfugge gran parte del significato dell’evoluzione del tempo; come se il tempo fosse una materia che osservo dall’esterno. Questa mancanza di evoluzione è fonte di alcune mie sventure ma anche mi appartiene con gioia.» Aldo Rossi, Autobiografia scientifica. The temporal dimension underpinning the draft of Autobiografia scientifica by Aldo Rossi may be referred to what Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, the well-known French anthropologist, defines as “prim...

  7. Staff members with 25 years' service at CERN in 2003

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The following staff members with 25 years' service in 2003 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 20 November 2003: ALLIOD Patrick/ATGESCHONKE Gunther/AB AYMON Marcel/HRGLASER Maurice/EP BAUDET Serge/TISHUGOT Bernard/AB BENOIT-JEANNIN Brigitte/SPLJOUVE Christian/AT BERRY Peter/HRJULLIARD André/ST BIERI Catherine/STLAFAGE Patrice/ST BLANC Didier/STLAJUST Danièle/DSU BLANC Michel/ITLEGRAND Dominique/AT BOCH Guy/ITLONG Serge/EST BONZANO Roberto/STLYONNET André/EP BURCKHART Doris/EPMALOD-DOGNIN Jean-Pierre/ST BURNS Alan/ABMAURY Stephan/AC BURTIN Gérard/ABMILES John/AT CARENA Wisla/EPMONET René/EST CASTEL André/ESTMULLER André/TIS CLIFF Frank/HRPERREAL Pierre/AT CUCCURU Giovanni/ATPETERSEN Jørgen/EP DAMIANI Michel/ABPETIT Patrick/EP DELUCINGE Evelyne/ATPIERRE Patrice/AB DHOTE Patrick/SPLROUX Jacques/EP FLUCKIGER François/ITSAMYN Dirk/EP FORESTE Antonio/ESTSAVIOZ Jean Jacques/AB FRAIS...

  8. Club de pétanque

    CERN Document Server

    Club de pétanque

    2013-01-01

    C'est sous une journée radieuse que s'est déroulé le jeudi 29 août 2013 notre concours interne "Challenge Jean-Claude Frot"pour la seizième année consécutive. Trente deux participants soit seize doublettes se disputaient en trois parties avec tirage à la mêlée. Notre concours ouvert à tous les amateurs de pétanque recevait Saint-Genis-Pouilly en la présence de leur président Didier Patroix,le club de Mouxy et son président Gino Nogare ainsi que des membres du club de Machilly. Après délibération de notre juge arbitre Claude Jouve quatre joueurs avaient gagné les trois parties et il fallait donc approfondir avec le goal avérage par les points faits et les points laissés faire. 1er : Jean-Jacques Stuppi,membre du club de Machilly et qui devient ...

  9. Straight eye for the gay guy: composing queerness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Jonathan

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on the work of Didier Eribon and his theorization of the construction of gay male subjectivity, this article examines different "texts," broadly defined, that grapple specifically with straight men attempting to represent male homosexuality: Norman Mailer's essay, "The Homosexual Villain"; the Bravo reality television series Boy Meets Boy, and Michael Griffith's short story, "Hooper Gets a Perm." These texts represent attempts by straight authors to grapple with queer experience in ways that move the imagination of queers beyond simple stereotypes or uncritical explorations of the sexual "other." In the process of examining these texts, the following questions are addressed: What happens when a straight man attempts to represent a gay man? Does he "get it right," and is such a question even useful? More specifically, what is the value in having straights imagine queerness? Is such an imagining possible? Is such desirable? And, if so, what are the contours of such an imagining-as well as its possibilities and limitations, pedagogically, personally, and politically? Ultimately, I contend that the straight imagining of queerness offers rich potential for mutual understanding; furthermore, attempting to understand what goes into the making of those representations tells us much about how queerness circulates in our culture as a subject, a figure of discussion, contention, and representation. PMID:20582798

  10. Meeting of Directors and Heads of Department from CEA-Saclay, France

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Directors and Heads of Department from the Saclay centre of the French atomic energy commission (CEA) visited CERN in December. They are pictured here at the LHC magnet test facility in building SM18. On the left behind the visitors are the test benches where magnets are prepared for installation in String 2: the 120-metre full-scale model of an LHC cell of the regular part of the arc, which can be seen to the right. Photos 01, 02: Left to right: Marc Dejardin, Alain Givernaud, Louis Laurent, François Kircher, Antoine Masurel, Joël Feltesse, André Menez, T. Taylor, Philippe Pradelles, Bernard Sevestre, Michel Roche, Jean-Yves Gascoin, Thierry Lieven, Michel Spiro, Jean-Pierre Pervès, Yves Lemoigne, Béatrice Reder, Georges Carola, Philippe Lebrun, Yves Bourlat, Bertrand Mercier, Jean-Paul Langlois, Patrick Laurent, Didier Moulin, Xavier Vitart, Marc Serre, Jean-Louis Pierrey, Patrick Jarry, Bruno Mansoulié, Stéphane Lequien, Hervé Barbelin, Philippe Pallier, Jean-Yves Guillamot, and Norbert Sioegel.

  11. Youth plus experience: the discovery of 51 Pegasi b

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenadelli, Davide; Bernagozzi, Andrea

    2015-12-01

    In 1995, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz announced they discovered 51 Pegasi b, the first planet ever found around a star other than the Sun. This discovery turned out to be a milestone of recent astronomy, as it opened up a new field of research that is growing impressively these days. However, 51 Pegasi b has surprising properties as compared to the planets of the Solar System, as it is a giant planet on a very close-in orbit around its parent star. Hence, its discovery was unexpected and its actual existence did not go unchallenged. In the following years, a passionate debate sprang up, and finally astronomers accepted it, but at the price of a deep revision of our understanding of how planetary systems are formed and evolve. In the present paper, we reconstruct the dynamics of the discovery of 51 Pegasi b and the first exoplanets, the quarrel that arose among astronomers and the final acceptance of the existence of planets with unexpected characteristics. This remarkable story is recounted by means of published literature as well as interviews with several of its main protagonists.

  12. IGORR 8 - world research reactor conference held in Munich

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The eight World Conference of Planners, Builders and Operators of Research Reactors, IGORR 8 (International Group on Research Reactors), was held in Munich on April 17-20, 2001. Prof. Dr. Klaus Boening, the president of the conference, welcomed more than one hundred experts from all continents to the event hosted by the Munich Technical University. Eight Technical Sessions and three Poster Sessions presented and discussed current and promising results of research and application, work on reactors and neutron sources currently under development, and plans for future facilities. New neutron sources are being planned in Australia, Taiwan, Thailand, China, and France. Construction of some of these plants is likely to begin in the near future. Prof. Wolfgang Glaeser, Munich Technical University, in his keynote address discussed the future role of research reactors and neutron sources, which comprised not only the classical areas of basic research and application-oriented research, but also many applications in technology and in the life sciences, e.g. in medicine. The long period for which existing plants had been operated, and the need for powerful sources, urgently necessitated decisions to build new facilities. The current status of work on the Munich II research reactor (FRM-II), which will play an important role in neutron research in Germany, as presented by H.-J. Didier (Framatome ANP GmbH). (orig.)

  13. The Fukushima accident: radiological consequences and first lessons. Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document brings together the available presentations given at the conference organised by the French society of radiation protection about the Fukushima accident, its radiological consequences and the first lessons learnt. Sixteen presentations (slides) are compiled in this document and deal with: 1 - Accident progress and first actions (Thierry Charles, IRSN); 2 - Conditions and health monitoring of the Japanese intervention teams (Bernard Le Guen, EDF); 3 - The Intra Group action after the Fukushima accident (Michel Chevallier, Groupe Intra; Frederic Mariotte, CEA); 4 - Processing of effluents (Georges Pagis, Areva); 5 - Fukushima accident: impact on the terrestrial environment in Japan (Didier Champion, IRSN); 6 - Consequences of the Fukushima accident on the marine environment (Dominique Boust, IRSN); 7 - Territories decontamination perspectives (Pierre Chagvardieff, CEA); 8 - Actions undertaken by Japanese authorities (Florence Gallay, ASN); 9 - Japanese population monitoring and health stakes (Philippe Pirard, InVS); 10 - Citizen oversight actions implemented in Japan (David Boilley, ACRO); 11 - Implementation of ICRP's (International Commission on Radiological Protection) recommendations by Japanese authorities: first analysis (Jacques Lochard, CIPR); 12 - Control of Japan imported food stuff (David Brouque, DGAL); 13 - Questions asked by populations in France and in Germany (Florence-Nathalie Sentuc, GRS; Pascale Monti, IRSN); 14 - Labour law applicable to French workers working abroad (Thierry Lahaye, DGT); 15 - Protection of French workers working in Japan, Areva's experience (Patrick Devin, Areva); 16 - Fukushima accident experience feedback and post-accident nuclear doctrine (Jean-Luc Godet, ASN)

  14. Conference on renewable energies integration to power grids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on renewable energies integration to power grids. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, more than 150 participants exchanged views on the perspectives and possible solutions of this integration in order to warrant the security of supplies and the grid stability in a context of increasing injection and decentralization of renewable power sources. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - French distribution grids - Overview and perspectives (Didier Laffaille); 2 - Distribution Grids in Germany - Overview and Perspective (Torsten Bischoff); 3 - Integration of renewable energies into distribution grids - a case example from Germany (Marcus Merkel); 4 - Regeneratives Kombikraftwerk Deutschland: System Services with 100 % Renewable energies (Kurt Rohrig); 5 - Overview of the different grid instrumentation-control and automation tools (Alain Glatigny); 6 - Which Ancillary Services needs the Power System? The contribution from Wind Power Plants (Eckard Quitmann); 7 - The Flexibility Aggregator - the example of the GreenLys Project (Guillaume Lehec); 8 - Energy Pool - Providing flexibility to the electric system. Consumption cut-off solutions in France (Thierry Teirlynck); 9 - Demand Response experiences from Germany (Oliver Stahl)

  15. Orienteering Club

    CERN Document Server

    Club d'Orientation

    2012-01-01

    Course d'orientation Ces deux dernières semaines, le club a organisé la troisième puis la quatrième étape de la coupe de printemps, une dans la forêt de Collogny/Moissey près de Vulbens, l’autre vers le parcours vita de Trélex. Les résultats sont: Facile court Vulbens : 1er Léo Lonchampt, O’Jura (16:04), 2e Timothée Bazin (23:07), 3e Francesco Pieri (26:57) Trélex : 1er Noora Maurent (23:11), 2e Sarah Stuber, COLJ (26:51), 3e T. Bazin (28:17) Facile moyen Vulbens : 1er Victor Kuznetsov, CO CERN (25:36), 2e Didier Descourvières (28:03), 3e Konstantinos Haider, CO CERN (36:53) Trélex : 1er V. Kuznetsov, COLJ (38:01), 2e K. Haider, CO CERN (43:15), 3e ex aequo Olivia Nguyen et Sven Vietmeier (58:11) Technique court Vulbens : 1er Benoit Bazin (41:21), 2e Colas Gintzburger (55:12), 3e Nathan Freydoz (55:48) Trélex : 1...

  16. Conference on wind energy and grid integration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on the grid integration of wind farms. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, more than 80 participants exchanged views on the evolutions of tariffs and licensing procedures, and on grid capacity improvements and production forecasts. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - The necessary evolution of billing and procedures for wind turbines connection to the grid in France (Didier Laffaille); 2 - Improvement of wind turbines integration to the grid in the framework of the EEG 2009 law (Jens Boemer); 3 - Decentralized power generation on the French power grids - 15, 20 kV and low voltage (Jean-Luc Fraisse); 4 - GOTTESWIND? Solution for the future: towards a grid evolution (Herve Mignon); 5 - Production forecasts in Germany - State-of-the-art and challenges for the grid exploitation (Kurt Rohrig); 6 - High-voltage lines capacity evaluation in meteorological situations with high wind energy production (Matthias Lange); 7 - The IPES project for the integration of wind energy production in the exploitation of the French power system (Jean-Pierre Gonot); 8 - Experience feedback from a wind turbine manufacturer in France and in Germany (Daniel Bagusche); 9 - Solutions for grid security improvement and capacity enhancement: cooperation between grid and power plant operators (Stefan Wagner); 10 - Open questions on wind energy integration to French and German grids (Johannes Schiel)

  17. Chernobyl: 30 years after - Proceedings of the technical meeting of the French Society of Radiation Protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French Society of Radiation Protection (SFRP) organized a technical meeting on the present day situation of the Chernobyl site, 30 years after the accident of the nuclear power plant. The review deals with the situation of the facility and of its safety works, the environment, the management of wastes, the workers and populations exposure, and the health monitoring of the exposed populations. This document brings together the abstracts and the presentations (slides) of the different talks given at the meeting: 1 - The main highlights 30 years after the Chernobyl accident (Didier CHAMPION, SFRP); 2 - Circumstances, progress and consequences of the Chernobyl accident - Lessons and experience feedback for the other RBMK reactors (Michel CHOUHA, IRSN); 3 - Chernobyl, a confinement arch for 100 years (Patrick CHABRIER, Thomas CHAUVEAU - BOUYGUES); 4 - The reactor wastes management and the dismantling operations (Guy DAMETTE - IRSN); 5 - Environment contamination in the vicinity of the site (Yves THIRY - ANDRA); 6 - Impact of the accident on agriculture (Vanessa DURAND - IRSN); 7 - The fate of remediation wastes (Francois BESNUS - IRSN); 8 - Chernobyl fallouts in France (Philippe RENAUD - IRSN); 9 - The ecological consequences of the Chernobyl accident (Christelle ADAM-GUILLERMIN - IRSN); 10 - Results of liquidators and populations exposure (Florence MENETRIER - CEA); 11 - Thyroid cancers monitoring in the Chernobyl area and the role of modifying genetic factors (Fabienne LESUEUR - Institut Curie); 12 - Results of the Chernobyl accident health impact studies (Dominique LAURIER - IRSN); 13 - Impact on populations living condition (Thierry SCHNEIDER - CEPN); 14 - Molecular signature of radiation induced thyroid tumors (Sylvie CHEVILLARD - CEA)

  18. 7 July 2011 - Members of the Swiss Federal Council (front row) in front of the Globe of Science and Innovation.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    CERN-HI-1107166 01 1er rang: La chancelière Corina Casanova, le conseiller fédéral Johann N. Schneider-Ammann, le conseiller fédéral Ueli Maurer, la conseillère fédérale Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf, la conseillère fédérale Simonetta Sommaruga, la Présidente de la Confédération Micheline Calmy-Rey, le Directeur général du CERN Rolf Heuer, la conseillère fédérale Doris Leuthard, le conseiller fédéral Didier Burkhalter. 2è rang: Le vice-chancelier André Simonazzi , le vice-chancelier Thomas Helbling, la chef des relations internationales Felicitas Pauss, le directeur de la recherche et du calcul scientifique Sergio Bertolucci. 3è rang: Les scientifiques suisses: Ulrich Straumann (LHCb, Zürich et délégué suisse au Conseil du CERN), Rainer Wallny (CMS, ETHZ), Günther Dissertori (CMS, ETHZ), Antonio Ereditato (ATLAS, Bern), Tatsuya Nakada (LHCb, EPFL), Olivier Schneider (LHCb, EPFL), Martin Pohl (ATLAS, Genève), Vincenzo Chiochia (CM, Zürich), Giuseppe Iacobucci (ATLAS, Genève), le C...

  19. The relationship between diary and novel in "O amanuense Belmiro"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliny Santos Justino

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we develop the theoretical approach daily as part of the writing itself, according to the formulations of Philippe Lejeune (2008 and Béatrice Didier (1991. Thus, our main objective is to analyze the relationship between daily and memory in O amanuense Belmiro. Thus, exposing the characteristics that make up the structure and functioning of the diary will always lead to the establishment of specific manifestations of this relationship on the novel by Cyro dos Anjos. Initially, we analyze the relationship between the diary and the memories, once that the diary is presented for the narrator-character as a way of turning present situations into memory. Accordingly, we discuss the contrast between past and present that make up the Belmiro diary. Then, we will treat the diary as a way to isolate itself from the present – and here are included initial assumptions that characterize the diary and their training, in turn, favor the character's reflections on his past and present – where we will distinguish between those included in the diary and others who have a relationship with the narrative action. Finally, we will discuss the formulation of Maurice Blanchot (1987 to analyze the tense relationship between diary and novel in the construction of this novel.

  20. Did "Kin-based societies" Exist? On the (DeConstruction of an Anthropological Concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zorica Ivanović

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Concept of a ‘kin-based society’ relies on the assumption that, in stateless societies, kinship served as a fundamental and sufficient principle of social and political organization. Developed within the evolutionary paradigm, this concept has acquired different forms during the discipline’s history, depending on the theoretical orientation of various anthropologists and their understanding of the notion of ‘kinship’. Speaking from significantly different theoretical positions, anthropologists ranging from Rivers to Malinowski and Radcliffe- Brown, to Evans-Pritchard, Fortes and Levi-Strauss, all maintained that kinship formed a basis of social organization, although they did not always agree on the definition of the concept and the type of kinship relations that had this special quality of integrating and organizing the whole of society. The debates were primarily about whether it was consanguinity or affinity that served as a fundamental factor of forming and reproducing social relations. As modern anthropology rejects the idea that kinship relations can form the basis for social, economic and political integration in any type of society, including those without the state, class or caste system, this article considers the assumptions underpinning the construction of the concept witch for long played such an important role in the discipline’s knowledge but later came to be seriously challenged.

  1. Acculturation and Its Discontents: A Case for Bringing Anthropology Back into the Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarnaccia, Peter J.; Hausmann-Stabile, Carolina

    2016-01-01

    Anthropologists’ contribution to the study of cultural change is urgent in light of the increasing number of people of different backgrounds who are migrating around the globe and settling in new communities, and the opportunities and challenges that come along with that process. By examining the anthropological literature on acculturation going back to the 1936 Memorandum by Redfield, Linton and Herskovits, this paper reviews and assesses the discipline’s perspective on acculturation, and lays out the case for why it is critical for anthropologists to re-engage the concept. Although other disciplines, particularly psychology and sociology, have dominated the field of acculturation research more recently, they mostly have done so with a narrow focus. While it is important to acknowledge the pitfalls of anthropology’s past study of acculturation, there are important features of the acculturation construct that continue to be relevant. Among these are the study of acculturation as a process that is multidimensional; the investigation of how different kinds of power affect the acculturation process; the impacts of attitudes, actions and policies of the receiving group on how acculturation proceeds; the role of “real history” in understanding processes of acculturation; and the global perspective on these processes. We suggest ways in which anthropologists can reignite the field of acculturation research by engaging with Redfield, Linton and Herskovits’ framework and subsequent anthropological literature.

  2. Archaeological Excursion into Proximal Colony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar Palavestra

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia-Herzegovina by the end of the 19th century, presided by Benjamin Kallay, the Empire’s Minister of Finance and governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina, strived to gain wider international justification for its years’ long project of “civilizing” Bosnia and Herzegovina, or particular “historizing” of this proximal colony. In the summer of 1894 the Austro-Hungarian government in Bosnia and Herzegovina organized the Congress of Archaeologists and Anthropologists in the Landesmuseum in Sarajevo. The aim of the Congress was to inform archaeologists and anthropologists about the results of archaeological investigations in the country, and to seek their advice in directing further work. The wider ideological, political, as well as theoretical context of this congress, however, was much more complex and layered, with the aim to present the constructed image of Bosnia and Herzegovina as a country of tamed and civilized European Orient of rich past and luxurious folklore. The participants of the Congress discussed the archaeological and anthropological data presented to them by the hosts, including the specially organized excavations at Butmir and Glasinac. It is interesting to analyze, from the point of view of the history of archaeological ideas, the endeavours of the participants to adapt the archaeological finds before them to the wishes of the hosts, and, on the other hand, to their favoured archaeological paradigms dominant at the time.

  3. Il Codice Argimusco: ierotopie e ierofanie fra cristianesimo ed eresia medievale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MILAZZO, Gabriella

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The anthropologist Mircea Eliade introduces the concept of sacred space by providing a clear description of this phenomenon. He explains that every sacred space implies a hierophany; a manifestation of the sacred itself. Hierotopy, on the other hand, according to Lidov, is the creation of the sacred space in order to make an everyday place symbolically different. It represents a form of creativity typical of every culture, and it is a manifestation which is still present in peoples lives and daily activities. Argimusco, a megalithic site in Sicily, seems to perfectly lend itself to this type of study, and although lots of studies in the field of archaeoastronomy have been carried out on this site, only few regarding anthropology have been done. The survey carried out has to take many historical and theological parameters into account, and it becomes difficult for an anthropologist not to form hasty opinions, as he tries to come to an understanding of the meaning that medieval men had given to those stones, still vivid in their collective imagination. The essay begins with the analysis of the ancient cult of the stone, and moves to the various sacred and heretical beliefs of Medieval Christianity. It continues with the study of “alchemical initiation”, and finally touches on the debate concerning the beliefs of gnosticism.

  4. Understanding Christianity in the history of African religion: An engagement with theological and anthropological perspectives in the pursuit of interdisciplinary dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retief M�ller

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available There is ample ground and good motives for interdisciplinary engagement between theology and the �new� anthropology of Christianity. Theologians can learn much about the character of the church in all its plurality from the often insightful descriptions of anthropologists who have recently started to take a strong interest in Christianity. On the other hand, theologians can help anthropologists come to more complex understandings of the meaning of Christianity. Concerning contrasting anthropological perspectives of anti-essentialism and culture theory regarding the nature of Christianity, this article suggested that the work of missiologists, such as Andrew Walls, might usefully aid the progression of the debate and referred to the historical interplay and conflict between Christianity and indigenous knowledge in southern Africa by way of illustrating this point. The argument pursued in this article hinges on the prioritising of an interdisciplinary approach in theological studies, a cause which Prof. Julian M�ller has long championed. Therefore, this contribution sought to honour his legacy by illustrating a further avenue of interdisciplinary engagement.

  5. Encuentros (polémicos en el Pacífico entre viajeros ilustrados y nativos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monge, Fernando

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with explorers' encounters with natives in eighteenth century Pacific and how these encounters where interpreted by the formers and current anthropologists' as well. Though important as that encounters might have been, this paper is primarily concerned with anthropologist encounters with time and how such encounters have laid bare some of the way we do our interpretations. A big deal of the paper focuses on the death of Captain Cook and the Sahlins / Obeyesekere controversy prompted by the interpretation of this event.

    Este artículo aborda la peculiar naturaleza de los encuentros entre pueblos nativos del Pacífico y exploradores ilustrados, así como el modo en que esos exploradores y los antropólogos contemporáneos los han interpretado. No obstante y a pesar de la importancia que esos encuentros han tenido, el objetivo fundamental de este artículo es abordar cómo los antropólogos se han encontrado con el tiempo y cómo éste ha hecho evidente el modo en el que los antropólogos hacemos nuestras interpretaciones. Una parte importante del artículo se centra en la muerte del Capitán Cook y en la controversia que dicho acontecimiento provocó entre Sahlins y Obeyesekere.

  6. (Retelling a dog story from Newfoundland: Voice, alterity and the art of ethnographic description

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Harries

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the question of how and why we (anthropologists and sociologists tell stories of real people doing real stuff. It will consider this question by reflecting on three versions of a story that I have carried with me and told in variety of contexts over a couple of decades. The story is not mine but was originally told to me by a man while I was visiting a village on the coast of Newfoundland, Canada. In (retelling three versions of this story I will be focusing on the problem of “voice” and how the voice of the other is constituted. In answering the question of how and why we tell tales of the field, I will suggest that we do so in part so other people, other voices, come to inhabit our accounts thereby rendering them “ethnographic.” The paper will conclude by arguing that our finely detailed accounts play a crucial role in both constituting the authoritative voice of the anthropologist and troubling this voice with the ghostly whispers of other voices which inhabit our narratives even if, as is the way with ghosts, they can never be wholly conjured into full presence and complete intelligibility.

  7. Ethics in Anthropological Research: Responsibilities to the Participants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Biswas

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Today, in anthropological research, ethics has become more relevant, more meaningful as well as structured in nature. In USA, specially after World War II, American Anthropological Association enacted code of ethics for anthropological research. However, in India, we have no such ethical guidelines from any of the association of anthropology; rather promote a space where researcher can create and evolve their own code of ethics. Ethical issues for anthropologists are manifold- their relations with research participants, with institution and colleagues, with own and host government and with society and funding agency of the project. Among these, the first one is most important, and present paper intends to identify ethical issues related with research participants; which includes informed consent, privacy, confidentiality, vulnerability, risk-benefit, deception, compensation and so on. The present work also intends to identify issues for which anthropologists criticize some components of bioethics because of their abstract principles derived from arm-chair philosophy, ethnocentric view and lack of cross-cultural analysis for that they prepare a readymade ethical code of conduct which may differ significantly from culture to culture.

  8. Global Health, Medical Anthropology, and Social Marketing: Steps to the Ecology of Collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteford, Linda

    2015-06-01

    Anthropology and global health have long been a focus of research for both biological and medical anthropologists. Research has looked at physiological adaptations to high altitudes, community responses to water-borne diseases, the integration of traditional and biomedical approaches to health, global responses to HIV/AIDS, and more recently, to the application of cultural approaches to the control of the Ebola epidemic. Academic anthropology has employed theory and methods to extend knowledge, but less often to apply that knowledge. However, anthropologists outside of the academy have tackled global health issues such as family planning and breast-feeding by bringing together applied medical anthropology and social marketing. In 2014, that potent and provocative combination resulted in the University of South Florida in Tampa, Florida being made the home of an innovative center designed to combine academic and applied anthropology with social marketing in order to facilitate social change. This article discusses how inter- and intra-disciplinary research/application has led to the development of Florida's first World Health Organization Collaborating Center (WHO CC), and the first such center to focus on social marketing, social change and non-communicable diseases. This article explains the genesis of the Center and presents readers with a brief overview, basic principles and applications of social marketing by reviewing a case study of a water conservation project. The article concludes with thoughts on the ecology of collaboration among global health, medical anthropology and social marketing practitioners. PMID:26753444

  9. On the dynamics of the world demographic transition and financial-economic crises forecasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akaev, A.; Sadovnichy, V.; Korotayev, A.

    2012-05-01

    The article considers dynamic processes involving non-linear power-law behavior in such apparently diverse spheres, as demographic dynamics and dynamics of prices of highly liquid commodities such as oil and gold. All the respective variables exhibit features of explosive growth containing precursors indicating approaching phase transitions/catastrophes/crises. The first part of the article analyzes mathematical models of demographic dynamics that describe various scenarios of demographic development in the post-phase-transition period, including a model that takes the limitedness of the Earth carrying capacity into account. This model points to a critical point in the early 2050s, when the world population, after reaching its maximum value may decrease afterward stabilizing then at a certain stationary level. The article presents an analysis of the influence of the demographic transition (directly connected with the hyperexponential growth of the world population) on the global socioeconomic and geopolitical development. The second part deals with the phenomenon of explosive growth of prices of such highly liquid commodities as oil and gold. It is demonstrated that at present the respective processes could be regarded as precursors of waves of the global financial-economic crisis that will demand the change of the current global economic and political system. It is also shown that the moments of the start of the first and second waves of the current global crisis could have been forecasted with a model of accelerating log-periodic fluctuations superimposed over a power-law trend with a finite singularity developed by Didier Sornette and collaborators. With respect to the oil prices, it is shown that it was possible to forecast the 2008 crisis with a precision up to a month already in 2007. The gold price dynamics was used to calculate the possible time of the start of the second wave of the global crisis (July-August 2011); note that this forecast has turned out

  10. Fukushima, 4 years after. Proceedings of the technical day

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three years after the 2012 meeting of the French Society of Radiation Protection (SFRP) devoted to the Fukushima accident, the SFRP organized a new technical meeting to take stock of the actual situation in Japan. The program comprises 5 topical sessions dealing with: the accident, the status of the facility and its fate, the terrestrial and marine environmental impacts, the human health impacts and the preventive actions, the remedial actions in contaminated territories, and the post-accident management of territories, populations and foodstuffs. This document brings together the abstracts and the presentations (slides) of the different talks given at the meeting: 1 - The Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents: common points and differences (Didier CHAMPION, SFRP); 2 - Fukushima Dai-ichi: present day situation and fate of the facilities (Thierry CHARLES, IRSN); 3 - The Fukushima accident impact on the terrestrial environment and the related doses (Philippe RENAUD, IRSN); 4 - The Fukushima accident impact on the marine environment (Bruno FIEVET, IRSN); 5 - Short-term health effects and implementation of the long-term population monitoring (Laurence LEBARON-JACOBS, CEA); 6 - Radiations and thyroid cancer risk (Florence MENETRIER, CEA); 7 - Decontamination wastes management (Francois BESNUS, IRSN); 8 - Solutions offered by Areva for the cleansing of the Fukushima site (Jean-Christophe PIROUX, AREVA); 9 - Questions about wastes management in post-accident situation (Michael TICHAUER, IRSN); 10 - Experts involvement to the population (Thierry SCHNEIDER, CEPN); 11 - Management of local foodstuffs (Jean-Francois LECOMTE, IRSN); 12 - Lessons learnt at the national and international scale (Jean-Luc GODET, ASN)

  11. Pathogenesis of hyperinflation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gagnon P

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Philippe Gagnon,1,2 Jordan A Guenette,3,4 Daniel Langer,5 Louis Laviolette,2 Vincent Mainguy,1 François Maltais,1,2 Fernanda Ribeiro,1,2 Didier Saey1,2 1Faculté de Médecine, Université Laval, 2Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, QC, 3Centre for Heart Lung Innovation, University of British Columbia, St Paul's Hospital, 4Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 5Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is a preventable and treatable lung disease characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. In a significant proportion of patients with COPD, reduced lung elastic recoil combined with expiratory flow limitation leads to lung hyperinflation during the course of the disease. Development of hyperinflation during the course of COPD is insidious. Dynamic hyperinflation is highly prevalent in the advanced stages of COPD, and new evidence suggests that it also occurs in many patients with mild disease, independently of the presence of resting hyperinflation. Hyperinflation is clinically relevant for patients with COPD mainly because it contributes to dyspnea, exercise intolerance, skeletal muscle limitations, morbidity, and reduced physical activity levels associated with the disease. Various pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions have been shown to reduce hyperinflation and delay the onset of ventilatory limitation in patients with COPD. The aim of this review is to address the more recent literature regarding the pathogenesis, assessment, and management of both static and dynamic lung hyperinflation in patients with COPD. We also address the influence of biological sex and obesity and new developments in our understanding of hyperinflation in patients with mild COPD and its evolution during

  12. On the identification of Dragon Kings among extreme-valued outliers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Riva

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Extreme values of earth, environmental, ecological, physical, biological, financial and other variables often form outliers to heavy tails of empirical frequency distributions. Quite commonly such tails are approximated by stretched exponential, log-normal or power functions. Recently there has been an interest in distinguishing between extreme-valued outliers that belong to the parent population of most data in a sample and those that do not. The first type, called Gray Swans by Nassim Nicholas Taleb (often confused in the literature with Taleb's totally unknowable Black Swans, is drawn from a known distribution of the tails which can thus be extrapolated beyond the range of sampled values. However, the magnitudes and/or space–time locations of unsampled Gray Swans cannot be foretold. The second type of extreme-valued outliers, termed Dragon Kings by Didier Sornette, may in his view be sometimes predicted based on how other data in the sample behave. This intriguing prospect has recently motivated some authors to propose statistical tests capable of identifying Dragon Kings in a given random sample. Here we apply three such tests to log air permeability data measured on the faces of a Berea sandstone block and to synthetic data generated in a manner statistically consistent with these measurements. We interpret the measurements to be, and generate synthetic data that are, samples from α-stable sub-Gaussian random fields subordinated to truncated fractional Gaussian noise (tfGn. All these data have frequency distributions characterized by power-law tails with extreme-valued outliers about the tail edges.

  13. On the identification of Dragon Kings among extreme-valued outliers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, M.; Neuman, S. P.; Guadagnini, A.

    2013-07-01

    Extreme values of earth, environmental, ecological, physical, biological, financial and other variables often form outliers to heavy tails of empirical frequency distributions. Quite commonly such tails are approximated by stretched exponential, log-normal or power functions. Recently there has been an interest in distinguishing between extreme-valued outliers that belong to the parent population of most data in a sample and those that do not. The first type, called Gray Swans by Nassim Nicholas Taleb (often confused in the literature with Taleb's totally unknowable Black Swans), is drawn from a known distribution of the tails which can thus be extrapolated beyond the range of sampled values. However, the magnitudes and/or space-time locations of unsampled Gray Swans cannot be foretold. The second type of extreme-valued outliers, termed Dragon Kings by Didier Sornette, may in his view be sometimes predicted based on how other data in the sample behave. This intriguing prospect has recently motivated some authors to propose statistical tests capable of identifying Dragon Kings in a given random sample. Here we apply three such tests to log air permeability data measured on the faces of a Berea sandstone block and to synthetic data generated in a manner statistically consistent with these measurements. We interpret the measurements to be, and generate synthetic data that are, samples from α-stable sub-Gaussian random fields subordinated to truncated fractional Gaussian noise (tfGn). All these data have frequency distributions characterized by power-law tails with extreme-valued outliers about the tail edges.

  14. International Congress on Transposable Elements (ICTE 2012 in Saint Malo and the sea of TE stories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ainouche Abdelkader

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract An international conference on Transposable Elements (TEs was held 21–24 April 2012 in Saint Malo, France. Organized by the French Transposition Community (GDR Elements Génétiques Mobiles et Génomes, CNRS and the French Society of Genetics (SFG, the conference’s goal was to bring together researchers from around the world who study transposition in diverse organisms using multiple experimental approaches. The meeting drew more than 217 attendees and most contributed through poster presentations (117, invited talks and short talks selected from poster abstracts (48 in total. The talks were organized into four scientific sessions, focused on: impact of TEs on genomes, control of transposition, evolution of TEs and mechanisms of transposition. Here, we present highlights from the talks given during the platform sessions. The conference was sponsored by Alliance pour les sciences de la vie et de la santé (Aviesan, Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS, Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM, Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD, Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA, Université de Perpignan, Université de Rennes 1, Région Bretagne and Mobile DNA. Chair of the organization committee Jean-Marc Deragon Organizers Abdelkader Ainouche, Mireille Bétermier, Mick Chandler, Richard Cordaux, Gaël Cristofari, Jean-Marc Deragon, Pascale Lesage, Didier Mazel, Olivier Panaud, Hadi Quesneville, Chantal Vaury, Cristina Vieira and Clémentine Vitte

  15. First Quarter Hanford Seismic Report for Fiscal Year 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohay, Alan C.; Sweeney, Mark D.; Hartshorn, Donald C.; Clayton, Ray E.; Devary, Joseph L.

    2009-03-15

    The Hanford Seismic Assessment Program (HSAP) provides an uninterrupted collection of high-quality raw and processed seismic data from the Hanford Seismic Network for the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors. The HSAP is responsible for locating and identifying sources of seismic activity and monitoring changes in the historical pattern of seismic activity at the Hanford Site. The data are compiled, archived, and published for use by the Hanford Site for waste management, natural phenomena hazards assessments, and engineering design and construction. In addition, the HSAP works with the Hanford Site Emergency Services Organization to provide assistance in the event of a significant earthquake on the Hanford Site. The Hanford Seismic Network and the Eastern Washington Regional Network consist of 44 individual sensor sites and 15 radio relay sites maintained by the Hanford Seismic Assessment Team. This includes three recently acquired Transportable Array stations located at Cold Creek, Didier Farms, and Phinney Hill. For the Hanford Seismic Network, ten local earthquakes were recorded during the first quarter of fiscal year 2009. All earthquakes were considered as “minor” with magnitudes (Mc) less than 1.0. Two earthquakes were located at shallow depths (less than 4 km), most likely in the Columbia River basalts; five earthquakes at intermediate depths (between 4 and 9 km), most likely in the sub-basalt sediments); and three earthquakes were located at depths greater than 9 km, within the basement. Geographically, four earthquakes occurred in known swarm areas and six earthquakes were classified as random events.

  16. Adolescents with personality disorders suffer from severe psychiatric stigma: evidence from a sample of 131 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catthoor K

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Kirsten Catthoor,1,3 Dine J Feenstra,2 Joost Hutsebaut,2 Didier Schrijvers,3 Bernard Sabbe3 1Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatrisch Ziekenhuis Stuivenberg, ZNA Antwerpen, Antwerp, Belgium; 2Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders, Halsteren, the Netherlands; 3Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium Background: The aim of the study is to assess the severity of psychiatric stigma in a sample of personality disordered adolescents in order to evaluate whether differences in stigma can be found in adolescents with different types and severity of personality disorders (PDs. Not only adults but children and adolescents with mental health problems suffer from psychiatric stigma. In contrast to the abundance of research in adult psychiatric samples, stigma in children and adolescents has hardly been investigated. Personality disordered adolescents with fragile identities and self-esteem might be especially prone to feeling stigmatized, an experience which might further shape their identity throughout this critical developmental phase. Materials and methods: One hundred thirty-one adolescent patients underwent a standard assessment with Axis I and Axis II diagnostic interviews and two stigma instruments, Stigma Consciousness Questionnaire (SCQ and Perceived Devaluation–Discrimination Questionnaire (PDDQ. Independent sample t-tests were used to investigate differences in the mean SCQ and PDDQ total scores for patients with and without a PD. Multiple regression main effect analyses were conducted to explore the impact of the different PDs on level of stigma, as well as comorbid Axis I disorders. Age and sex were also entered in the regression models. Results and conclusions: Adolescents with severe mental health problems experience a burden of stigma. Personality disordered patients experience more stigma than adolescents with other severe psychiatric Axis I disorders. Borderline PD

  17. Study of the electronic trigger system for HL-LHC project and search for new physics in top anti-top invariant mass spectrum with CMS experiment at LHC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This manuscript describes my thesis work within the CMS experiment of the LHC collider. It presents both subjects on which I worked: a detector subject and a data analysis subject. The first subject, detector, is situated within the framework of the HL-LHC project which plans an increase by a factor five of the instantaneous luminosity. Such an increase and the preservation of the high level trigger (HLT) system, generate new constraints on the CMS detector. This is particularly true for the electronic trigger (L1) system. The CMS collaboration intends to implant this within tracker detector. Two methods are proposed: the stub modules method and the associative memory method. However, associative memory method requires a clever pre-selection of electric signals to be usable. The cluster width method is jointly proposed by Fabrizio Palla's team (Pisa) and by Didier Contardo's team (IPNL) to pre-select electric signals. The optimization of this method, in particular geometrical parameters of modules and thresholds applied for the electric signals pre-selection, is the result of my own work. It is detailed throughout the part III of this manuscript. The second subject concerns the analysis of data collected by CMS during 2011. This analysis has for objective to look for new particles in the spectre of anti-top top invariant mass. Due to its big mass, close to the electroweak symmetry breaking energy, the top quark plays an important role in numerous extensions of the Standard Model. The observation of narrow resonances in the spectre could be the sign of new particles. The analysis is subdivided into three parts, the selection of top anti-top events, the reconstruction of top anti-top invariant mass and a statistical study to quantify the presence of new physics. The results of this work are limits on the cross-section production of new particles. They are presented in the part IV of this manuscript. (author)

  18. „Virtuální etnografická procházka“ jako příklad vedení etnografického výzkumu v době internetu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Dlouhá

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ethnography is usually defined as a method (or set of methods, or as a research paradigm. The existence of multiple definitions is partly the result of ethnography being used by researchers from different fields of study; sociologists and anthropologists, for example. The purpose of this article is to try and determine whether a “new ethnography” really exists. While ethnography originally involved face-to-face contact, technological developments (especially the invention of the internet have made interacting in virtual spaces possible. The author presents a specific application of ethnographic methods in the age of internet communication which she dubs “a virtual ethnographic tour”. She demonstrates that the main characteristic that ethnography retains from its classical form is the close link between theory and methodology. In contrast, a specific application is always new because social reality is constantly changing.

  19. Ewa Głażewska, Urszula Kusio, Komunikacja niewerbalna. Płeć i kultura. Wybrane zagadnienia, Lublin, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej, 2012, 255 s., ISBN 978-83-7784-177-8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Banaśkiewicz

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Autorka recenzji opisuje pokrótce zawartość dwóch części książki na temat komunikacji niewerbalnej celem skupienia się na trzech walorach publikacji: konstrukcji książki, prezentacji niezbyt dobrze znanych w Polsce koncepcji wybitnych antropologów i socjologów oraz liczebności eksplikacji, które służą zilustrowaniu rozważań teoretycznych.English abstractThe author briefly describes the contents of the two parts of the book about non-verbal communication to focus on three qualities: design of the book, not very well known in Poland concepts of eminent anthropologists and sociologists and the number of explications, which illustrate the theoretical considerations. 

  20. "The First Twenty Years," by Bernard J. Siegel. Annual Review of Anthropology, 22 (1993, pp. 1-34, Annual Reviews, Inc, Palo Alto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James A. Delle

    1995-05-01

    Full Text Available After twenty years as editor of the Annual Review ofAnthropology (ARA, Professor Siegel took on a daunting task with this article. In his words, he set out to "ponder the developments in the several subfields of anthropol­ogy over this period of time, as reflected in the topics selected for review in this enterprise" (p. 8. To this end Siegel, a cultural anthropologist, mined the collective knowledge contained within twenty years of the ARA. In his presentation, he considers the intellectual developments within each of the five subdisciplines separately (he includes applied anthropology, concluding with some brief remarks on the importance of maintaining a four or five field approach to anthropology. For our purposes here, I will limit my comments to his section on archaeology.

  1. Images that come. For an anthropology of the photographic image in The camera lucida

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    Rodrigo Fontanari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The more than thirty years since the French publication of The camera lucida , this article seeks to make a foray considered this last work in the Roland Barthes’life, one of the most important thinkers of the twentieth century, from the preparatory notes for writing this book, found at “Grand Fichier ” Barthes currently deposited in the Bibliothèque National de France (BNF, notably the “pochette ” entitled “Photo”. These notes, its clear that Barthes, in addition to the semiotician who was also proves to be an anthropologist of the images you are looking for another look at the world of images that draw from the status of mere surface superficialities.

  2. The Man Who Came to Dinner, or Hooray for Mr Spaulding: A Peek at Historical Imagination Running Rampant

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    Michael Tarabulski

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Dorothy Pond (nee Long, 1900-1987 married anthropologist Alonzo W Pond (1894-1986 in July of 1926, little more than a month after they met. In the early years of their marriage she accompanied him into the field on excavations and helped him with his archaeological manuscripts (Pond 1930, Pond et al. 1928, 1937. Lonnie, after participating in the Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition of 1933, and working at Jamestown and Mammoth Cave, left archaeology, as a liveli­hood, in 1935 for a series of other jobs. The Ponds retired to northern Wisconsin in 1958. There, Alonzo, with Dorothy's help, turned out several popular natural history books (Pond 1962, 1965, 1969b, 1969b, 1972.

  3. HIV/AIDS, Globalização e Segurança Ontológica - desafios comunicativos chave na prevenção do HIV/AIDS

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    Thomas Tufte

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to outline the interrelationship between the process of globalisation and the spread of HIV/AIDS. For this purpose, the article parts from the hypothesis given by the Indian-American anthropologist, Arjun Appadurai, in arguing that mass migration and electronic media development are key elements contributing to the growing feeling of instability in the production of modern subjectivities. I term this feeling as 'ontological insecurity'. The article thus argues an interconnection between the global development process, the spread of HIV/AIDS and the existential feeling of ontological insecurity. Given this introduction, the article assesses the key challenges of HIV/AIDS communication and prevention within the overarching context of economic and cultural globalisation and explores what consequences the above issues will have for the practice of HIV/AIDS communication.

  4. Historical Relationships Between Biological Anthropology and Body Composition%生物人类学和人体组成学的渊源关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昭

    2013-01-01

    随着人体组成学中文版的发行和人体组成测量培训班在中国的举行,中国生物人类学家对人体组成测量方法在科研中的运用有了更大的兴趣.该文对人类学家,如Jind(r)ich Matiegka和Stanley Marion Garn在人体组成学发展中的历史贡献做了基本的介绍.此外,作者还以Garn博士的工作为例,去激励中国生物人类学家开展人体组成学的研究工作.文章讨论了人体组成成分的测量方法在生物人类学中的用途,并介绍了人体组成学的基本理论和概念及近年来人体组成学的变化:如影像技术的发展,影像技术作为“金标准”对评估其他人体组成测量方法的用途,双能量x线吸收法的优势,生物电阻分析法的广泛运用,和多种人体组成测量方法相辅相成的现象.作者对常用的人体组成测量方法的优缺点做了比较,并指出人体组成成分测量是人体测量方法的自然延续,人体组成学和生物人类学的关系渊源已久;因此中国人类学家应当更多地利用人体组成测量方法对人体差异做更深入的研究,并注重人体差异同健康疾病和生物医学的关系,以便让生物人类学更好地为当今社会服务.%With recently published Chinese books and workshops on body composition methods,biological anthropologists in China are now increasingly interested in applying body composition methods in their research.This paper provided a brief review on the historical contributions by anthropologists,such as Jind(r)ich Matiegka,and Stanley Marion Gain,to the development of body composition methods.In addition,Dr.Garn's work was used as an example to inspire body composition research by biological anthropologists in China.The author discussed the utility of body composition measurements in the research of biological anthropology,and described the basic theory and concept of body composition as well as the recent changes in body composition measurements

  5. Hangover

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    Joachim Otto Habeck

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Even though hangover is a widespread phenomenon in many societies, it has received very scant systematic attention in social sciences. This article is based on publications from different disciplines (medicine, cultural history, social anthropology, sociology, etc., my own observations, and interviews with fellow social anthropologists. After a general outline of the phenomenon, I will focus on some psychological aspects of hangover: guilt and vulnerability, but also the idea of complicity. These seem to combine in different ways not only in the self-perception of hung-over individuals: they also inform social perceptions of the consequences of excessive alcohol intake. They may be related to specific practices and patterns of drinking (as exemplified by observations from Siberia and the Far North of Russia, though large-scale comparisons are methodologically and ethically problematic. Examining the interrelation of hangover, responsibility, and transgression, the article concludes that the social perception of hangover involves different modes of human non-perfection.

  6. En las Inmediaciones del fin del mundo. Los encuentro de Gustaf Bolinder y los Chimilas en 1915 y 1920.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Camilo Nino Vargas.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In the early 20th century, the swedish anthropologist gustaf bolinder contacted the indigenous population of the ariguaní river in north colombia, known at the time as “chimila”. as had other explorers and ethnologists, bolinder portrayed them as seriously disintegrated group which was almost extinct. the present article analyzes the process that gave rise to this idea, moving further from those interpretations that understand the ethnographic reports as either neutral descriptions or ethnocentric constructions. it is argued that the conception of chimila decadence was the result of a complex process of cultural interaction, in which indigenous practices and representations oriented toward isolationism, catastrophism and rejection of outsiders had an important infuence. the article also introduces two unpublished texts of bolinder on the subject.

  7. The construction of the religious space in post-socialist Romania

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    Sorin Gog

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Some of the post-socialist countries of Europe experienced after the fall of communism what some called a religious revival. Anthropologists and sociologists alike were sure that they discovered serious evidence against the case of secularization theory. What unfortunately most of them failed to observe was the particular shape and form of this religious growth and the structural changes of the religious mentalities occurred in the process of transition from a closed, ideologically monopolized society, to a pluralistic one. After more than half of a century of atheistic ideologization of the public sphere, Romania remains one of the most religious countries of both Eastern and Western Europe. The thesis of this article is that this fact is due to the lack of modernization of the Romanian social system both before and during the post-socialist period.

  8. Complementary Social Science?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blok, Anders; Pedersen, Morten Axel

    2014-01-01

    The rise of Big Data in the social realm poses significant questions at the intersection of science, technology, and society, including in terms of how new large-scale social databases are currently changing the methods, epistemologies, and politics of social science. In this commentary, we address...... such epochal (“large-scale”) questions by way of a (situated) experiment: at the Danish Technical University in Copenhagen, an interdisciplinary group of computer scientists, physicists, economists, sociologists, and anthropologists (including the authors) is setting up a large-scale data infrastructure, meant...... of measurement device deployed. At the same time, however, we also expect new interferences and polyphonies to arise at the intersection of Big and Small Data, provided that these are, so to speak, mixed with care. These questions, we stress, are important not only for the future of social science methods...

  9. Subsistence-patterns, gender roles, effective temperature, and the evolutionary timing of a post reproductive life span.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loffler, German

    2016-04-01

    Evolutionary anthropologists explain menopause and the start of a post reproductive lifespan (PRLS), as beneficiary for older women who can now help contribute to their children/grandchildren's wellbeing. This paper presents a new model with the aim to elucidate when, where, and for whom, such benefits may have arisen. In foraging societies, women contribute nutrients to their social groups/family units to a greater degree as overall effective temperatures (ETs) rise. Where the ET is favorable for women's contributions (ETs between 15 and 20), selection does lengthen the PRLS of women because women contribute sufficiently to enhance their own inclusive fitness. Paleo-environment records suggest that the climate necessary to encourage an increase PRLS occurred shortly after the younger dryad in emerging subtropical settings. Subsistence patterns and gender roles may have played a role in the evolution of PRLS in human females. PMID:26968909

  10. Urbanization, Ikization, and Replacement Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Yanguang

    2015-01-01

    The phenomenon of Iks was first found by anthropologists and biologists, but it is actually a problem of human geography. However, it has not yet drawn extensive attention of geographers. In this paper, a hypothesis of ikization is presented that sudden and violent change of geographical environments results in dismantling of traditional culture, which then result in collective depravity of a nationality. By quantitative analysis and mathematical modeling, the causality between urbanization and ikization is discussed, and the theory of replacement dynamics is employed to interpret the process of ikization. Urbanization is in essence a nonlinear process of population replacement. Urbanization may result in ikization because that the migration of population from rural regions to urban regions always give rise to abrupt changes of geographical environments and traditional culture. It is necessary to protect the geographical environment against disruption, and to inherit and develop traditional culture in order t...

  11. Émile Durkheim between Gabriel Tarde and Arnold van Gennep

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    2012-01-01

    critique of Durkheim's project. This ‘debate’ is little known among anthropologists and social scientists. The aim of this article is to situate Durkheim and the birth of the social sciences in France between both of these two figures. The aim is therefore also to bring together two disciplinary debates......This article will situate Durkheim's work by revisiting two debates that influenced his attempt to define and give direction to sociology and anthropology: the debates between Durkheim and Gabriel Tarde and the debates between Durkheim and Arnold van Gennep. The battle between Tarde and Durkheim...... reconstructed as a shared ‘philosophy’ of relevance still today. The article will discuss how so, and will highlight the convergences between the critiques of Durkheim offered by Tarde and van Gennep....

  12. Il futuro dei Comuni minori. Etnografia di una trasformazione in corso - The future of small municipalities in Italy: Ethnography of a social and institutional change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele F. Fontefrancesco

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available What is the future for Italian inner areas? The article answers to this question by exploring the ongoing institutional and social transformations in a small municipality in North-Western Italy. This ethnography is based on the information gathered in the dual role of elected civil servant and anthropologist involved in the field for over a decade. The article reads abandonment, marginality, new forms of entrepreneurship and tourisms as elements of a paradoxical dynamic: while it is increasingly difficult for villagers to get access to the services offered in the cities, urban dwellers are getting more and more interested into the traditions and products made in the rural areas. This paradox of distance foreshadows the future of small municipalities; a time in which vital towns could become little more than ethnic zoos for the anthropological curiosity of city inhabitants.

  13. A multidisciplinary view on cultural primatology: behavioral innovations and traditions in Japanese macaques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leca, Jean-Baptiste; Gunst, Noëlle; Pelletier, Amanda N; Vasey, Paul L; Nahallage, Charmalie A D; Watanabe, Kunio; Huffman, Michael A

    2016-07-01

    Cultural primatology (i.e., the study of behavioral traditions in nonhuman primates as a window into the evolution of human cultural capacities) was founded in Japan by Kinji Imanishi in the early 1950s. This relatively new research area straddles different disciplines and now benefits from collaborations between Japanese and Western primatologists. In this paper, we return to the cradle of cultural primatology by revisiting our original articles on behavioral innovations and traditions in Japanese macaques. For the past 35 years, our international team of biologists, psychologists and anthropologists from Japan, France, Sri Lanka, the USA and Canada, has been taking an integrative approach to addressing the influence of environmental, sociodemographic, developmental, cognitive and behavioral constraints on the appearance, diffusion, and maintenance of behavioral traditions in Macaca fuscata across various domains; namely, feeding innovation, tool use, object play, and non-conceptive sex. PMID:26860933

  14. Comments on a doctoral dissertation by Uta Kresse Raina

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    David L. Browman

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Intellectual Imperialism in the Andes: German Anthropologists and Archaeologists in Peru, 1870–1930. 2007 PhD Dissertation, Department of History, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 236 pp. DAI-AAT 3268194. Works relating to the intellectual history of archaeology by non-archaeologists often take a while to show up in our disciplinary history literature base. Thus I was glad to learn of this dissertation by Uta Raina, and to find that it was available through inter-library loan as well as by purchase. And I was particularly delighted when in the first few pages I read (p. 25 that she had identified more than ninety German researchers during this sixty-year period (1870–1930 that had been active in the Peruvian Andes doing archaeology and anthropology.

  15. [Matter and spirit: the unconscious in Carl Gustav Carus's psychology (1779-1868)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montiel, L

    1997-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus, one of the originators of a doctrine centered on the unconscious, is an interesting figure from current viewpoints. The doctrine he espoused was psychological, but in addition, the author sought foundations for his thinking in the biological knowledge of his time. The unconscious that Carus postulated was simultaneously biological, material and psychological in nature. Thus the history of psychism--the history of the soul--was related with the individual's and the species's biological history. From this perspective the unconscious was recognized as an indispensable element of rational thought. This theory, which recalls in many aspects that of C.G. Jung, made possible the medical study of psychic life and the revaluation of unconscious factors of psychism which were usually denigrated by modern anthropologists and moralists. PMID:11623549

  16. Translation as Critique of “Cultural Sameness”: Ricoeur, Luther and the Practice of Translation

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    Jonas Gamborg Lillebø

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses translation as a critical approach to how we see culture. According to the anthropologist Marianne Gullestad culture is part of mechanism of exclusion when it is linked to identity or “sameness”. Belonging to the same culture becomes a criterion for being included into a society, whereas having a different cultural belonging is a criterion for exclusion. Culture is thus placed within an oppositional logic of same-different. By seeing a parallel between languages and cultures, translation indicates another kind of thinking which is not based on this oppositional logic and hence question the reason for exclusion and inclusion. By the help of philosopher Paul Ricoeur the article looks at Martin Luther’s translation of the Bible in the 16th century as an example of how to avoid seeing linguistic sameness and difference as the only point of departure for thinking relations between languages, and analogically speaking: relations between cultures.

  17. Remeasuring man.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisberg, Michael

    2014-05-01

    Samuel George Morton (1799-1851) was the most highly regarded American scientist of the early and middle 19th century. Thanks largely to Stephen Jay Gould's book The Mismeasure of Man, Morton's cranial capacity measurements of different races is now held up as a prime example of and cautionary tale against scientific racism. A team of anthropologists recently reevaluated Morton's work and argued that it was Gould, not Morton, who was biased in his analysis. This article is a reexamination of the Morton and Gould controversy. It argues that most of Gould's arguments against Morton are sound. Although Gould made some errors and overstated his case in a number of places, he provided prima facia evidence, as yet unrefuted, that Morton did indeed mismeasure his skulls in ways that conformed to 19th century racial biases. Gould's critique of Morton ought to remain as an illustration of implicit bias in science. PMID:24761929

  18. Bones and humanity. On Forensic Anthropology and its constitutive power facing forced disappearance

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    Anne Huffschmid

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Forensic anthropologists seek to decipher traces of anonymous dead, to restitute identities of human remains and to provide their families with the possibility to conclude mourning and even of justice. The article explores the contributions and meanings of forensic anthropology as state-independent practice beyond a mereley criminalistic approach, as it was conceptualized by the Argentine pioneers after the last dictatorship in this nation. I conceive this practice as a sort of arqueology of contemporary terror that seeks to confront a specific violence as the forced disappearance of persons and the deshumanization of their dead bodies. The article proposes reading forensic anthropology as a 'situated cience', with its complexities and ambigueties, that operates between nameless bones (the human remains and names without bodies (the so-called disappeared in settings of violent pasts such as Argentina or Guatemala, and especially in Mexico, where mass graves became the new symbol of a horrified present.

  19. Radiotherapy care experience: an anthropological study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An anthropological study has been carried out in order to evaluate the need expressed by patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment. The study was mostly qualitative and based on the radiotherapy experiences of 13 women with breast cancer and six men with head and neck cancer. A 24-year-old female anthropologist spent one year in the department of radiotherapy at the Bergonie Institute in Bordeaux. She collected data on patients' needs through the observation of their experience of treatment and personal interviews. These were put in context, analyzed both by qualitative and quantitative methods. The results pointed out the need for more information on the different steps of treatment and the patient's need 'for a smile'front the medical team; in other words, emphatic support. (author)

  20. Fieldwork and ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kilianova Gabriela

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Slovak Association of Social Anthropologists initiated recently a discussion about the ethics in the ethnology, social and cultural anthropology. In January 2009 the association organized the seminar “Ethics in ethnology/social anthropology which brought vivid response in the academic community in Slovakia. The paper will deal with the question which are the most frequent ethic problems in field work such as for example the selection of research topic from the ethic point of view, ethic regulations during the conducting of field work, the protection of respondent’s personal data during the elaboration of data and archiving, the publication of research data etc. The author will inform about approaches and react to the current discussion about the possibilities how to solve the ethic questions in the field work.

  1. Tracking down human contamination in ancient human teeth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sampietro, María Lourdes; Gilbert, M Thomas P; Lao, Oscar;

    2006-01-01

    DNA contamination arising from the manipulation of ancient calcified tissue samples is a poorly understood, yet fundamental, problem that affects the reliability of ancient DNA (aDNA) studies. We have typed the mitochondrial DNA hypervariable region I of the only 6 people involved in the excavation...... identified as contaminants, with those derived from the people involved in the retrieval and washing of the remains present in higher frequencies than those of the anthropologist and genetic researchers. This finding confirms, for the first time, previous hypotheses that teeth samples are most susceptible...... to contamination at their initial excavation. More worrying, the cloned contaminant sequences exhibit substitutions that can be attributed to DNA damage after the contamination event, and we demonstrate that the level of such damage increases with time: contaminants that are >10 years old have approximately 5...

  2. What binds Bronisław Malinowski with social networks?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Meger

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Bronislaw Malinowski, a Polish anthropologist, ethnologist and sociologist, is the father of phatic communication. He has defined and described for the first time a phatic function of language and its importance in societies with low levels of development. As it turns, the phatic communication, which does not transfer any content, is also present today, and even - due social networks portals - comes into new stage of development. Although an impression that the phatic communication has low importance, it plays an important role in society. Also in educational activities this communication has an impact on interpersonal relationships. Through it, people better cooperate with each other and create groups of collaborating individuals. In this way are also built relationships between students and the educational institutions. They are also generated positive emotions which help in all processes of learning. Generally, the phatic communication can have a positive influence on educational processes.

  3. Independent donor ethical assessment: aiming to standardize donor advocacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhury, Devasmita; Jotterand, Fabrice; Casenave, Gerald; Smith-Morris, Carolyn

    2014-06-01

    Living organ donation has become more common across the world. To ensure an informed consent process, given the complex issues involved with organ donation, independent donor advocacy is required. The choice of how donor advocacy is administered is left up to each transplant center. This article presents the experience and process of donor advocacy at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center administered by a multidisciplinary team consisting of physicians, surgeons, psychologists, medical ethicists and anthropologists, lawyers, a chaplain, a living kidney donor, and a kidney transplant recipient. To ensure that advocacy remains fair and consistent for all donors being considered, the donor advocacy team at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center developed the Independent Donor Ethical Assessment, a tool that may be useful to others in rendering donor advocacy. In addition, the tool may be modified as circumstances arise to improve donor advocacy and maintain uniformity in decision making. PMID:24919733

  4. Race and History: Comments from an Epistemological Point of View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller-Wille, Staffan

    2015-01-01

    The historiography of race is usually framed by two discontinuities: The invention of race by European naturalists and anthropologists, marked by Carl Linnaeus’s Systema naturae (1735); and the demise of racial typologies after WWII in favor of population-based studies of human diversity. This framing serves a similar function as the quotation marks that almost invariably surround the term. “Race” is placed outside of rational discourse as a residue of outdated essentialist and hierarchical thinking. I will throw doubt on this underlying assumption, not in order to re-legitimate race, but in order to understand better why race has been, and continues to be, such a politically powerful and explosive concept. PMID:25684833

  5. Eugenics and racial biology in Sweden and the USSR: contacts across the Baltic Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudling, Per Anders

    2014-01-01

    The 1920s saw a significant exchange between eugenicists in Sweden and the young Soviet state. Sweden did not take part in World War I, and during the years following immediately upon the Versailles peace treaty, Swedish scholars came to serve as an intermediary link between, on the one hand, Soviet Russia and Weimar Germany, and, on the other hand, Western powers. Swedish eugenicists organized conferences, lecture tours, visits, scholarly exchanges, and transfers and translation of eugenic research. Herman Lundborg, the director of the world's first State Institute of Racial Biology, was an old-fashioned, deeply conservative, and anti-communist "scientific" racist, who somewhat paradoxically came to serve as something of a Western liaison for Soviet eugenicists. Whereas the contacts were disrupted in 1930, Swedish eugenicists had a lasting impact on Soviet physical anthropologists, who cited their works well into the 1970s, long after they had been discredited in Sweden. PMID:24909018

  6. The early days of splints and splinting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Harold

    2011-07-01

    There can be little doubt that fractures and wounds would have been among the first problems that the healers within primitive communities would have been called upon to treat. Indeed, this has been amply confirmed by anthropologists and archaeologists. The Australian aboriginals seem to have taken the adage 'splint the patient where he lies' quite literally. Early observers saw the relatives take it in turns simply to hold the injured leg still until union occurred, a shelter being erected over the patient and his succession of 'human splints'. The excavation of ancient Egyptian burial sites by Sir Grafton Elliot Smith in the early years of the 20th century revealed fractures of some 5000 years ago, bound up in splints of bark, wrapped in linen and held by bandages. Where the fractures were compound, dressings of vegetable fibre were used to plug the wound and some still showed traces of 50 century old blood! PMID:21874991

  7. A Hmong Birth and Authoritative Knowledge: A Case study of choice, control, and the reproductive consequences of refugee status in American childbirth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faith Nibbs

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available One area in which anthropologists are concerned is in examining what the state of good health consists of from society to society, and what happens when practitioners of western medicine intersect with people who hold other explanations of well being. This paper explores how the western medical practices of childbirth in America are forced on Hmong refugee childbirth, and therefore, used as a continuation of governmentality, or refugee objectification. Ethnographic data is drawn from a case study of Hmong experiences with the birth process in an American hospital setting. Parallels are drawn between refugee resettlement programs which ultimately produce bodies that are objects of the state; and authoritative medical knowledge in childbirth which produces bodies that are objects of medicine. This research suggests that the American birth process becomes yet another site of refugee reprogramming and a struggle between western medicine and the refugee‟s understanding of experience.

  8. The emotional, political, and analytical labor of engaged anthropology amidst violent political conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo, Rosa Cordillera

    2015-01-01

    Given the harsh realities that people live through in southern Philippines, where there is rife human rights violations and violent political conflict, it becomes difficult and arguably unethical for anthropologists to assume a position of neutrality. Following calls for engaged anthropology, I contend that engagement entails simultaneously an emotional, political, and analytical labor and troubles the separation of the self and other. I suggest that a way to labor through these challenges of researching suffering, and the reciprocal obligations this implicates, is to utilize feminist reflexivity and epistemic reflexivity. These necessitate an objectification of the self and one's intellectual field to achieve an epistemological break that would lead to an understanding of the other and their realities. PMID:25203771

  9. Troubling objectivity: the promises and pitfalls of training Haitian clinicians in qualitative research methods.H.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minn, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Building research capacity is a central component of many contemporary global health programs and partnerships. While medical anthropologists have been conducting qualitative research in resource-poor settings for decades, they are increasingly called on to train "local" clinicians, researchers, and students in qualitative research methods. In this article, I describe the process of teaching introductory courses in qualitative research methods to Haitian clinicians, hospital staff, and medical students, who rarely encounter qualitative research in their training or practice. These trainings allow participants to identify and begin to address challenges related to health services delivery, quality of care, and provider-patient relations. However, they also run the risk of perpetuating colonial legacies of objectification and reinforcing hierarchies of knowledge and knowledge production. As these trainings increase in number and scope, they offer the opportunity to reflect critically on new forms of transnational interventions that aim to reduce health disparities. PMID:25203930

  10. Medical Anthropology in Africa: The Trouble with a Single Story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mkhwanazi, Nolwazi

    2016-01-01

    In the growing number of publications in medical anthropology about sub-Saharan Africa, there is a tendency to tell a single story of medicine, health, and health-seeking behavior. The heavy reliance on telling this singular story means that there is very little exposure to other stories. In this article, I draw on five books published in the past five years to illustrate the various components that make up this dominant narrative. I then provide examples of two accounts about medicine, health, and health-seeking behavior in Africa that deviate from this dominant narrative, in order to show the themes that alternative accounts have foregrounded. Ultimately, I make a plea to medical anthropologists to be mindful of the existence of this singular story and to resist the tendency to use its components as scaffolding in their accounts of medicine, health, and health-seeking behavior in Africa. PMID:26457563

  11. Blinded by Sight: Divining the Future of Anthropology in Africa Die Erforschung des Elefanten: Zur Zukunft der Ethnologie in Afrika

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    Francis B. Nyamnjoh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Using the metaphor of the elephant and the three blind men, this paper discusses some elements of the scholarly debate on the postcolonial turn in academia, in and of Africa, and in anthropology in particular. It is a part of the context in which anthropology remains unpopular among many African intellectuals. How do local knowledge practices take up existential issues and epistemological perspectives that may interrogate and enrich more global transcultural debates and scholarly reflexivity? Many an anthropologist still resists opening his or her mind up to life-worlds unfolding themselves through the interplay between everyday practice and the manifold actions and messages of humans, ancestors and non-human agents in sites of emerging meaning-production and innovative world-making. African anthropologists seeking recognition find themselves contested or dismissed by fellow anthropologists for doing “native”, “self” or “insider” anthropology, and are sometimes accused of perpetuating colonial epistemologies and subservience by fellow African scholars who are committed to scholarship driven by the need to valorise ways of being and knowing endogenous to Africa. This essay calls on anthropologists studying Africa to reflect creative diversity and reflexivity in the conceptualisation and implementation of research projects, as well as in how they provide for co-production, collaboration and co-implication within anthropology across and beyond disciplines.Unter Rückgriff auf die Fabel vom Elefanten und den drei weisen Männern diskutiert dieser Beitrag einige Elemente der Debatte zur postkolonialen Wende in der Wissenschaft – innerhalb und außerhalb Afrikas und insbesondere in Bezug auf die Ethnologie. Unter vielen afrikanischen Intellektuellen ist die Ethnologie immer noch unbeliebt. Inwieweit greifen lokale Wissenspraktiken existentielle Fragen und epistemologische Perspektiven auf und stellen damit die globale transkulturelle

  12. Gendering the Gift of Life: Family Politics and Kidney Donation in Egypt and Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley-Matoka, Megan; Hamdy, Sherine F

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we demonstrate how living kidney donation is a particularly gendered experience. We draw on anthropologists' contributions to understanding the globalization of reproductive technologies to argue that kidney donation similarly endangers and preserves fertility, thereby unsettling and reifying gendered familial labor. Based on fieldwork in two ethnographic sites--Egypt and Mexico--we examine how kidney donation is figured as a form of social reproduction. In both settings, kidney recipients rely almost exclusively on organs from living donors. We focus on how particular gender ideologies--as evident, for example, in the trope of the "self-sacrificing mother"--can serve as a cultural technology to generate donations in an otherwise organ-scarce medical setting. Alternatively, transplantation can disrupt gender norms and reproductive viability. In demonstrating the pervasiveness of gendered tropes in the realm of transplantation, we unsettle assumptions about the "family" as the locus of pure, altruistic donation. PMID:26083043

  13. American Indian Identity and Blood Quantum in the 21st Century: A Critical Review

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    Ryan W. Schmidt

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Identity in American Indian communities has continually been a subject of contentious debate among legal scholars, federal policy-makers, anthropologists, historians, and even within Native American society itself. As American Indians have a unique relationship with the United States, their identity has continually been redefined and reconstructed over the last century and a half. This has placed a substantial burden on definitions for legal purposes and tribal affiliation and on American Indians trying to self-identify within multiple cultural contexts. Is there an appropriate means to recognize and define just who is an American Indian? One approach has been to define identity through the use of blood quantum, a metaphorical construction for tracing individual and group ancestry. This paper will review the utility of blood quantum by examining the cultural, social, biological, and legal implications inherent in using such group membership and, further, how American Indian identity is being affected.

  14. Utopia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    politics has little to offer, then what might social theory have to contribute to the imagination of these futures? Does social theory matter at all? What resources can it offer this project of rethinking the future? Without being tied to any single political platform, Utopia: Social Theory and the Future...... remained part and parcel of social theory for centuries. As such, in addition to considering the role of social theory in the imagination of alternative futures, this volume reflects on how social theory may assist us in understanding and appreciating utopia or utopianism as a special topic of interest, a...... special subject matter, a special analytical focus or a special normative dimension of sociological thinking. Bringing together the latest work from a leading team of social theorists, this volume will be of interest to sociologists, social and political theorists, anthropologists and philosophers. Utopia...

  15. Architectural Anthropology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stender, Marie

    Architecture and anthropology have always had a common focus on dwelling, housing, urban life and spatial organisation. Current developments in both disciplines make it even more relevant to explore their boundaries and overlaps. Architects are inspired by anthropological insights and methods......, while recent material and spatial turns in anthropology have also brought an increasing interest in design, architecture and the built environment. Understanding the relationship between the social and the physical is at the heart of both disciplines, and they can obviously benefit from further...... collaboration: How can qualitative anthropological approaches contribute to contemporary architecture? And just as importantly: What can anthropologists learn from architects’ understanding of spatial and material surroundings? Recent theoretical developments in anthropology stress the role of materials and...

  16. Emotion work, ethnography, and survival strategies on the streets of Yogyakarta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stodulka, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Anthropological research with street-related children, adolescents, and young adults raises epistemological, methodical, and ethical predicaments. In this article, I illustrate the advantages of an anthropology that acknowledges the ethnographer's emotions as valuable data when conducting research with marginalized communities. By drawing on my own experiences when conducting long-term fieldwork, I argue that systematic self-reflexivity and an emotionally aware epistemology enhance both the anthropologist's emotional literacy and his or her understanding of informants and interlocutors. The integration of the ethnographer's emotions in the analysis and interpretation of ethnographic data can assist in formulating anthropological theory, challenging the limits of traditional empiricism, and raising emotions to a category of epistemic value. PMID:24810652

  17. Computational approaches to analogical reasoning current trends

    CERN Document Server

    Richard, Gilles

    2014-01-01

    Analogical reasoning is known as a powerful mode for drawing plausible conclusions and solving problems. It has been the topic of a huge number of works by philosophers, anthropologists, linguists, psychologists, and computer scientists. As such, it has been early studied in artificial intelligence, with a particular renewal of interest in the last decade. The present volume provides a structured view of current research trends on computational approaches to analogical reasoning. It starts with an overview of the field, with an extensive bibliography. The 14 collected contributions cover a large scope of issues. First, the use of analogical proportions and analogies is explained and discussed in various natural language processing problems, as well as in automated deduction. Then, different formal frameworks for handling analogies are presented, dealing with case-based reasoning, heuristic-driven theory projection, commonsense reasoning about incomplete rule bases, logical proportions induced by similarity an...

  18. Tourist Roles, Gender and Age in Greece: A Study of Tourists in Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgia Yfantidou

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This research is set in the context of tourism marketing and refers specifically to tourist roles. A representative sample of 1675 tourists brings to light the tourist role preference in Greece, and allows us to examine the possible differences between men and women of varying ages. The Tourist Role Preference Scale (TRPS was used for this research. The findings of this study support the existence of Yiannakis and Gibson’s 15 leisure tourist roles in Greece. Sun lover, anthropologist, archaeologist, independent mass tourist and escapist were found to be the most prevalent tourist roles in Greece. A comparison between gender and age revealed more similarities than differences. TRPS was proven reliable and valid for the sample used in this study and the questions of the scale represented significantly the tourist roles measured.

  19. THE LOSS OF MALAYSIA AIRLINES FLIGHT MH17: A FORENSIC AND HUMANITARIAN TASK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranson, David

    2015-06-01

    While forensic medical tasks are usually associated with supporting the criminal justice system, there are a range of forensic medical skills that can be brought to bear on addressing humanitarian activities. Disaster victim identification is a procedure that has achieved international standardisation through the work of a multinational Interpol Standing Committee. While part of a police organisation, it includes forensic pathologists, anthropologists, odontologists and molecular biologists who provide most of the specialist scientific input regarding identification that is integrated with police processes such as document examination and fingerprinting. The loss of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 represented a major activation of these procedures in an environment that had both humanitarian and forensic criminal investigation components. The information that is derived from the processes involved in disaster victim identification has a value that goes far beyond the determination of identity. It has an important humanitarian role in supporting the family and friends of the victims in their bereavement journey. PMID:26349375

  20. Appreciating ontological struggles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danholt, Peter

    and Bruno Latour among others have pointed out, the idea of a common world is shared by both realists and perspectivists. Both realists and perspectivists conceive of the world as existing separate from and irrespective of human perception and actions. This multicultural view of the world is one where......Appreciating ontological struggles Peter Danholt, ass. prof., Information studies, Aarhus University In the west – most of us – take for granted that we inhabit a common world, which we share with 6 billion other human beings and multiple other living beings, animals and plants. As Annemarie Mol...... the world in the singular is taken for granted, but where each and every one of us may have different perspectives and understandings of the world. Latour following the work of Brazilian anthropologist Eduardo Viveiros de Castro suggests the concept of multinaturalism. Multinaturalism in contrast to...

  1. Il campo dello sviluppo e le migrazioni contemporanee: analisi di un’esperienza di ricerca - The development field and contemporary migrations: focusing on a research experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selenia Marabello

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between migration and development, mainly connotated in favourable terms, proposes with urgency migrants as development agents. They are defined as the new diasporas. Exploring a co-development project financed by the MIDA Ghana-Senegal Programme involving Ghanaian migrants in Modena (Italy, a retrospective analysis focuses on the research setting conditions and opportunities. As an anthropologist, the researcher was first involved as a consultant for the evaluation project implementation and subsequently continued the analysis within academic institutions. With the aim to illustrate the potentialities for applied anthropology, the author will look at the discrepancies and the circular nature of the ethnographic data production and elaboration within the two fieldwork experiences.

  2. The future of sociobiology: Counting babies or studying proximate mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, C B

    1993-05-01

    Much of the debate over applying the theory of evolution to the study of human behaviour has died down because most critics now realize that the political ramifications of sociobiology are no more, or no less, than those of behaviourism, psychoanalysis or cognitive science. But controversy remains. It is scientific, and concerns the 'proper' way to do human sociobiology. I contrast the perspective of those sociobiologists who use the approach of behavioural ecology, and who have come to be known as 'darwinian anthropologists' or 'darwinian social scientists', with their critics, who refer to themselves as evolutionary or 'darwinian psychologists', describe the research methods that each uses, and ask if those issues must also be confronted by those studying animals. PMID:21236141

  3. Sex discrimination from the glenoid cavity in black South Africans: morphometric analysis of digital photographs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macaluso, P James

    2011-11-01

    Given that skeletal material recovered from medicolegal contexts is often incomplete or damaged, forensic anthropologists need to have a variety of techniques at their disposal in order to correctly determine the sex of unidentified human remains. The purpose of the present study, therefore, was to produce practical standards for discriminating the sex of black South Africans using measurements of the glenoid cavity of the scapula. Standardized digital photographs of the left glenoid fossa were taken for 60 males and 60 females drawn from the Pretoria Bone Collection. An image analysis software program was then used to collect height, breadth, area, and perimeter data from each digital photograph. All four dimensions of the glenoid cavity were highly sexually dimorphic in this population group (p Classification sex biases were below 5.0% for all equations. These results demonstrate that the analysis of glenoid cavity size provides a highly accurate method for discriminating the sex of black South Africans. PMID:20814691

  4. A silver-stain modification of standard histological slide preparation for use in anthropology analyses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Deborrah C; Pace, Eric D

    2015-03-01

    The traditional histology method typically employed by forensic anthropologists involves plastic embedding of undecalcified bone. The embedded sample is then cut by a diamond blade saw and ground to the required thickness of ~50-100 microns using a grinder. There are several limitations to this method: Cement lines may be blurred; depth-of-field artifacts may result from viewing thick sections; and medicolegal offices with limited budgets may not be able to invest in additional equipment or training for this method. A silver nitrate stain modification of the standard histology preparation technique of decalcified bone is presented. The benefits of this technique are that: Cement lines are viewed clearly; no depth-of-field artifacts are present; and because this is a modification of the standard technique used by histology laboratories typically employed by medicolegal offices, no additional equipment or training is required. PMID:25583347

  5. Design Anthropology in Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Kjærsgaard, Mette Gislev

    2015-01-01

    This focus section explores the opportunities of design anthropology in participatory design as an approach to research and design in an increasingly global and digital world. Traditionally, ethnography has been used in Participatory design to research real-life contexts and challenges, and as ways...... to involve people in defining user-needs and design opportunities. As the boundaries between diverse – material, digital and networked – spaces and experiences become increasingly blurred, so do the conventional distinctions between research and design. The papers presented in this focus section...... explore opportunities of using design anthropology as a holistic and critical approach to addressing societal challenges and change, and a way for anthropologists and designers to engage in participatory research and design that extend beyond the empirical....

  6. Design Anthropology in Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Gislev Kjærsgaard, Mette

    2014-01-01

    In this workshop we explore the opportunities of ethnography and design anthropology in Participatory Design (PD) as an approach to design in an increasingly global and digital world. Traditionally, ethnography has been used in PD to research real-life contexts and challenges, and as ways to...... involve people in defining user-needs and design opportunities. As the boundaries between physical, digital and hybrid spaces and experiences become increasingly blurred, so do conventional distinctions between research and design. This half-day workshop invites participant to discuss and explore...... opportunities of using design anthropology as a holistic and critical approach to societal challenges, and a way for anthropologists and designers to engage in design that extends beyond the empirical....

  7. Estimation of stature and length of limb segments in children and adolescents from whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abrahamyan, Davit O. [Debrousse Hospital and University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Department of Imaging, Lyon (France); Sargsyan Military Institute, Medical Facility, Yerevan (Armenia); Gazarian, Aram [Debrousse Hospital, Service of Hand Surgery, Clinique du Parc Lyon, Lyon (France); Braillon, Pierre M. [Debrousse Hospital and University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Department of Imaging, Lyon (France)

    2008-03-15

    Anthropometric standards vary among different populations, and renewal of these reference values is necessary. To produce formulae for the assessment of limb segment lengths. Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans of 413 Caucasian children and adolescents (170 boys, 243 girls) aged from 6 to 18 years were retrospectively analysed. Body height and the lengths of four long bones (humerus, radius, femur and tibia) were measured. The validity (concurrent validity) and reproducibility (intraobserver reliability) of the measurement technique were tested. High linear correlations (r > 0.9) were found between the mentioned five longitudinal measures. Corresponding linear regression equations for the most important relationships were derived. The tests of validity and reproducibility revealed a good degree of precision of the applied technique. The reference formulae obtained from the analysis of whole-body DEXA scans will be useful for anthropologists, and forensic and nutrition specialists, as well as for prosthetists and paediatric orthopaedic surgeons. (orig.)

  8. A STUDY OF SUPRACONDYLAR PROCESS OF HUMERUS

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    Prabahita

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Supracondylar process, in human, is a rare, anomalous, beak-like bony process on the anteromedial surface of the humerus. It represents the embryologic vestigial remnant of climbing animals and seen in many reptiles, most marsupials, cats, lemurs and American monkeys. Aim is to study the supracondylar process of humerus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 80 adult dry humeri were collected from Anatomy Department, Gauha ti Medical College and were examined. RESULTS: Out of 80 humeri, we found one humerus of left sid e with a bony projection from antero- medial surface of its distal shaft. The bone was th en examined, studied, photographed and its dimensions were recorded. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of this variation may be of great importa nce to anatomists and anthropologists, because of possib le link to the origins and relations of the human races

  9. Synchrony and cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiltermuth, Scott S; Heath, Chip

    2009-01-01

    Armies, churches, organizations, and communities often engage in activities-for example, marching, singing, and dancing-that lead group members to act in synchrony with each other. Anthropologists and sociologists have speculated that rituals involving synchronous activity may produce positive emotions that weaken the psychological boundaries between the self and the group. This article explores whether synchronous activity may serve as a partial solution to the free-rider problem facing groups that need to motivate their members to contribute toward the collective good. Across three experiments, people acting in synchrony with others cooperated more in subsequent group economic exercises, even in situations requiring personal sacrifice. Our results also showed that positive emotions need not be generated for synchrony to foster cooperation. In total, the results suggest that acting in synchrony with others can increase cooperation by strengthening social attachment among group members. PMID:19152536

  10. A talk with academician SASA Petar Vlahović on his expert stay in PR China

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    Vesna Vučinić-Nešković

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Academician Petar Vlahović, a retired professor at the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Philosophy is the first, and up to now, only Serbian ethnologist/anthropologist who underwent professional development in the People’s Republic of China. In the period between November 1955 and December 1856 he stayed at the University of Beijing. This interview is dedicated to his stay in China as well as to the ways in which this experience was meaningful to his further development as a teacher and researcher in ethnology and anthropology at the University of Belgrade. The text is based on three interviews with academician Vlahović conducted in November and December 2012 and March 2014.

  11. Wayfinding in Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liben-Nowell, David

    With the recent explosion of popularity of commercial social-networking sites like Facebook and MySpace, the size of social networks that can be studied scientifically has passed from the scale traditionally studied by sociologists and anthropologists to the scale of networks more typically studied by computer scientists. In this chapter, I will highlight a recent line of computational research into the modeling and analysis of the small-world phenomenon - the observation that typical pairs of people in a social network are connected by very short chains of intermediate friends - and the ability of members of a large social network to collectively find efficient routes to reach individuals in the network. I will survey several recent mathematical models of social networks that account for these phenomena, with an emphasis on both the provable properties of these social-network models and the empirical validation of the models against real large-scale social-network data.

  12. Invisible wounds: corporal punishment in British schools as a form of ritual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benthall, J

    1991-01-01

    This article examines a presumed historical association between corporal punishment and the British "ruling class," taking as data the elaborate forms of beating practiced at a well-known English fee-paying boarding school in the 1950s and here documented in detail. Analogies with other forms of ritual studied by anthropologists are considered, as well as the psychosexual dynamics of beating for both officiants and victims. The paper argues that ritual corporal punishment must be seen in retrospect as a clear case of child abuse that is both physical and sexual. Such rituals of authority, though virtually abolished in Britain, may well exist in a different form in present day residential institutions for children in some Third World countries that have borrowed from now outdated European practices. PMID:1959071

  13. The pain of ethnographic action: skinning to go between the ropes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Urraco Solanilla

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article I try to make a methodological reflection on the importance to develop a practical knowledge ("embodiment" in the fieldwork of sociologists, anthropologists and other researchers of social reality. This reflection is connected with different approaches that insist on the body's value as object and subject of knowledge. To do this, I put various authors and theoretical approaches in touch, using as excuse the Wacquant's work ("Body and Soul: Ethnographic Notebooks of An Apprentice-Boxer", which seems to have passed, at the moment, unnoticed for spanish-speaking academicians, despite the wealth of its efforts both in the methodological level as in the more purely 'ethnographic'. In the incursion into the world of sport as a privileged arena for carrying out this type of analysis, I will focus on the notions of time, sacrifice and discipline, applicable both boxers as any other type of athlete (and obviously also to the researchers.

  14. Darwin's apes and "savages".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Contreras, Jorge

    2010-02-01

    Since his visit to Tierra del Fuego in the 1830s, Darwin had been fascinated by the "savages" that succeeded in surviving on such a "broken beach", and because they were certainly similar in behaviour to our ancestors. However, he was also fascinated by baboons' behaviour, according to Brehm's accounts: hamadryas baboons showed a strong altruism to the point of risking their own lives in order to save their infants from attack by dogs. In 1871, he mentions he would rather have descended from brave baboons than from "savages", considered egoistic. We study the two sources of these ideas and try to show how Darwin's comparative reflections on apes and "savages" made him the first evolutionist anthropologist. PMID:20338533

  15. A Chilling Example? Uruguay, Philip Morris International, and WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Andrew; Wainwright, Megan; Mamudu, Hadii

    2015-06-01

    The World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is the first international public health treaty to address the global spread of tobacco products. Ethnographic research at the fourth meeting of the FCTC's Conference of the Parties in Uruguay highlights the role of the FCTC in recalibrating the relationship between international trade and investment agreements and those of global public health. Specifically, we chart the origins and development of the Punta del Este Declaration, tabled by Uruguay at the conference, to counter a legal request by Philip Morris International, the world's largest tobacco transnational, for arbitration by the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes over Uruguay's alleged violations of several international trade and investment treaties. We argue that medical anthropologists should give greater consideration to global health governance and diplomacy as a potential counterweight to the 'politics of resignation' associated with corporate capitalism. PMID:25331730

  16. What is Fundamental?

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Discussing what is fundamental in a variety of fields, biologist Richard Dawkins, physicist Gerardus 't Hooft, and mathematician Alain Connes spoke to a packed Main Auditorium at CERN 15 October. Dawkins, Professor of the Public Understanding of Science at Oxford University, explained simply the logic behind Darwinian natural selection, and how it would seem to apply anywhere in the universe that had the right conditions. 't Hooft, winner of the 1999 Physics Nobel Prize, outlined some of the main problems in physics today, and said he thinks physics is so fundamental that even alien scientists from another planet would likely come up with the same basic principles, such as relativity and quantum mechanics. Connes, winner of the 1982 Fields Medal (often called the Nobel Prize of Mathematics), explained how physics is different from mathematics, which he described as a "factory for concepts," unfettered by connection to the physical world. On 16 October, anthropologist Sharon Traweek shared anecdotes from her ...

  17. Unfolding the social

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magelund Krarup, Troels; Blok, Anders

    2011-01-01

    An important philosopher and anthropologist of science, Bruno Latour has recently outlined an ambitious programme for a new sociological empiricism, in continuation of his actor-network-theory (ANT). Interrogating issues of description, explanation and theoretical interpretation in this ‘sociology...... of associations’, we argue that certain internal tensions are manifest. While Latour's philosophy of social science demands an absolute abandonment of theory in all its forms, proposing instead to simply ‘go on describing’, he is in practice employing versions of common sense explanation and...... pragmatic-constructivist theory to make ends meet. The core of this tension, we claim, can be located in Latour's meta-theoretical commitments, in effect obscuring important ways in which human subjects employ things, effects and symbols beyond their simple, ‘empirical’ existence. To illustrate these claims...

  18. The Evolutionary Biology of Ourselves Unit Requirements and Organizational Change in United States History

    CERN Document Server

    Lipo, C; Lipo, Carl; Madsen, Mark

    1999-01-01

    Researchers have proposed that the distinction between so-called "simple" and "complex" societies can be expressed by an increase in the number of levels at which functional organization, interaction, and thus selection, operate. In spite of the obvious links between this suggestion and research into complex social organization amongst insects and other social animals, the levels of selection model has seen little use among anthropologists. We suggest that the primary reason for lack of research into the evolutionary causes of social complexity has been the lack of descriptive units with which we can examine phenotypic variation and heritability of social organization above the level of the organism. The goal of our paper, therefore, is to begin constructing descriptive units which map to meaningful models of multi-level selection. In order to demonstrate how these units are useful in a real dataset, we examine the functional changes involved in the United States economy over the last 100 years, a period of t...

  19. Defining Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benner, Steven A.

    2010-12-01

    Any definition is intricately connected to a theory that gives it meaning. Accordingly, this article discusses various definitions of life held in the astrobiology community by considering their connected "theories of life." These include certain "list" definitions and a popular definition that holds that life is a "self-sustaining chemical system capable of Darwinian evolution." We then act as "anthropologists," studying what scientists do to determine which definition-theories of life they constructively hold as they design missions to seek non-terran life. We also look at how constructive beliefs about biosignatures change as observational data accumulate. And we consider how a definition centered on Darwinian evolution might itself be forced to change as supra-Darwinian species emerge, including in our descendents, and consider the chances of our encountering supra-Darwinian species in our exploration of the Cosmos. Last, we ask what chemical structures might support Darwinian evolution universally; these structures might be universal biosignatures.

  20. Thematic report on social psychology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Social psychology is concerned with the interactions among people and groups, and with their gradual formation of shared - or conflicting - attitudes, opinions and understandings. In preparing to provide feedback to the FSC Turku Workshop, I anticipated that it would be useful to structure my observations around concepts like: As in other societal and study contexts, these concepts certainly had meaning here in the FSC Turku Workshop. They may form one set of tools with which we may consider further the background to a Decision in Principle, or stakeholder involvement. They may offer a lens through which the experience of the workshop itself may be perceived and evaluated. I found that one more concept (something to which linguists or anthropologists might refer as a semantic polarity) seemed to capture well the dynamic of our time together. That concept is: 'inside-outside'. (author)