Full Text Available Este artigo explora algumas tensões presentes na obra do antropólogo e médico Didier Fassin, a partir de uma análise de argumentos desenvolvidos em pesquisas na França, com desempregados e imigrantes, e na África do Sul do pós-apartheid, com base na epidemia de AIDS. Ao longo da análise, aponta-se para algumas das implicações do trabalho nos limites da crítica e da intervenção, bem como seus efeitos para repensar o papel da antropologia no mundo contemporâneo. Por fim, encerra-se com uma discussão de sua investigação mais recente - a proposição de uma antropologia moral - e como ela permite articular diferentes pontos de sua obra.
African Anthropology is the journal of the Pan African Anthropological Association (PAAA). It provides a forum for African and Africanist anthropologists to publish research reports, articles, book reviews, news items and other useful information. It aims at stimulating the debate of ideas and the development of methods and ...
We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Didier CHANAT on 05.09.2007. Mr Didier CHANAT, born on 27.05.1959, worked in the AT Department and had been employed at CERN since 01.06.1992. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN staff. Social affairs
Gilles Jean Abes
Full Text Available Didier Lamaison é tradutor, professor de Letras Clássicas, ensaísta e dramaturgo. É tradutor de literatura de língua portuguesa, principalmente a poesia brasileira, para o francês. Já traduziu Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Ferreira Gullar, Augusto dos Anjos, Machado de Assis, Fernando Pessoa assim como de letras de músicas de Chico Buarque e Geraldo Vandré. Veio ao Brasil em 1980, para trabalhar como Professor Leitor de francês na Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Aprendeu a língua portuguesa através de poemas como "Soneto de Fidelidade", de Vinícius de Moraes, e "José", de Carlos Drummond de Andrade. Recebeu o prêmio Nelly Sachs em 1991, pela sua tradução de Carlos Drummond de Andrade na França (La machine du monde - Gallimard, 1990. Didier Lamaison é também autor do romance noir Édipo Rei, publicado pela editora Gallimard em 1994. Foi eleito, no dia 4 de junho de 2009, na Academia Brasileira de Letras (sócio correspondente.
Gilles Jean Abes
Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2015v35n2p516 Didier Lamaison é tradutor, professor de Letras Clássicas, ensaísta e dramaturgo. É tradutor de literatura de língua portuguesa, principalmente a poesia brasileira, para o francês. Já traduziu Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Ferreira Gullar, Augusto dos Anjos, Machado de Assis, Fernando Pessoa assim como de letras de músicas de Chico Buarque e Geraldo Vandré. Veio ao Brasil em 1980, para trabalhar como Professor Leitor de francês na Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Aprendeu a língua portuguesa através de poemas como "Soneto de Fidelidade", de Vinícius de Moraes, e "José", de Carlos Drummond de Andrade. Recebeu o prêmio Nelly Sachs em 1991, pela sua tradução de Carlos Drummond de Andrade na França (La machine du monde - Gallimard, 1990. Didier Lamaison é também autor do romance noir Édipo Rei, publicado pela editora Gallimard em 1994. Foi eleito, no dia 4 de junho de 2009, na Academia Brasileira de Letras (sócio correspondente.
We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Didier CHANAT on 05.09.2007. Mr Didier CHANAT, born on 27.05.1959, worked in the AT Department and had been employed at CERN since 01.06.1992. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN staff. Social Affairs Tribute to Didier Chanat With a higher technical diploma and a specialisation in electrical engineering, Didier began his professional life at the CEA (France) in 1986. From then until 1990 he took part in developing control and supervision systems for the various Tore Supra tokamak systems at Cadarache, then in operating and upgrading the entire machine. From 1990 to 1992, Didier was a member of the Tore Supra Cryogenics Group, where he was responsible for operating and maintaining the cryogenic system. It was at this time that he developed an interest in cryogenics which was to remain the linchpin of the rest of his career...
Author Guidelines. The African Anthropologist is a biannual journal of the Pan African Anthropological Association. It provides a forum for African and Africanist anthropologists to publish articles, research reports, review articles, and book reviews. The views expressed in any published material are those of the authors and ...
African Anthropologist. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 19, No 1-2 (2012) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.
African Anthropologist: About this journal. Journal Home > African Anthropologist: About this journal. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives. People. » Contact. Policies.
In this article I explore a contemporary structure of feeling closely but ambivalently related to what moral anthropologist Didier Fassin has termed ”humanitarian reason”. I label this specific affective disposition ‘the predicament of privilege’. In the first part of the article I relate the pre...
This article argues that anthropologists in the field are often attributed the role of jester. Anthropologists are transient figures in the societies they study, and they stand out in behaviour or in physical appearance. Society symbolically resolves their strange presence with humour:
Marlin F. Hawley
Full Text Available Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations, ask thy father and he will show thee, thy elders, and they will tell thee. Deuteronomy 32: 7. For the past six years, 'The Kansas Anthropologist' has published an ongoing series of reminiscences or retrospective articles by senior Great Plains archaeologists. The aim of the project is to collect reminiscences from senior anthropologists regarding their experiences in pre-and post-World War II Plains archaeology, biological anthropology, and ethnology. The historian John Lukacs (1966:x once offered an elegant and concise comment on the value of history, one that I offer here: "I believe that history, as a form of thought, is one of the most precious and perhaps unique rational posssessions of Western civilizations. The character of a person may appear best from the reconstruction of the history of his life; the same is true of the character of nations. The very history of a problem may reveal its essential diagnosis. There is no human endeavor that may not be approached and studied profitably through its history." Fortunately, there hardly needs to be a justification anymore for such a project, as is attested by the recent proliferation of research into the history of archaeology and anthropology on virtually a global scale.The intention of these retrospective articles is not to explore or diagnose any particular problem but rather to create a mosaic of first person narrratives informed by personal experience and illustrated with photos and anecdotes to illuminate the development of Plains anthropology in the 20th Century.
L’entreprise bénéficie de nos jours de l’attention des documentaristes. Au-delà des singularités de chaque structure, elle tend à devenir à travers le documentaire un laboratoire d’observation des maux individuels et des grands mécanismes qui gouvernent notre société. Après Jean-Robert Viallet et Christophe Nick qui avaient filmé une Mise à mort du travail en trois actes, c’est au tour de Didier Cros de faire entrer la caméra entre les murs de l’entreprise. Son documentaire examine avec minut...
James, C. A., Ed.
The aim of media anthropologists is to provide the general public with entertaining, relevant anthropological background information through the public media. This quarterly newsletter disseminates information, promotes awareness of present physical and social issues, and offers a means of intercommunication on the topic of Media Anthropology.…
Non, Amy L; Thayer, Zaneta M
The study of epigenetics, or chemical modifications to the genome that may alter gene expression, is a growing area of interest for social scientists. Anthropologists and human biologists are interested in epigenetics specifically, as it provides a potential link between the environment and the genome, as well as a new layer of complexity for the study of human biological variation. In pace with the rapid increase in interest in epigenetic research, the range of methods has greatly expanded over the past decade. The primary objective of this article is to provide an overview of the current methods for assaying DNA methylation, the most commonly studied epigenetic modification. We will address considerations for all steps required to plan and conduct an analysis of DNA methylation, from appropriate sample collection, to the most commonly used methods for laboratory analyses of locus-specific and genome-wide approaches, and recommendations for statistical analyses. Key challenges in the study of DNA methylation are also discussed, including tissue specificity, the stability of measures, timing of sample collection, statistical considerations, batch effects, and challenges related to analysis and interpretation of data. Our hope is that this review serves as a primer for anthropologists and human biologists interested in incorporating epigenetic data into their research programs. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Petersen, Lone Stub
Studying technology will often involve studying change – or in the perspective of this chapter should involve not just studying but also actively being involved with change. Your presence and the questions you ask shape the way people think and act and on the other hand their responses and your...... study of practice change the researchers perspective. For Techno-Anthropologist, this means that asking in specific ways about technology and having a focus on technology in the data collection and fieldwork will (should) influence what they see, the data they collect and their analysis – and also...... the way the informants think and the way people talk about practice and technology. The Techno-Anthropological researcher should be aware and actively use the potential for change in the empirical study of technology. In this chapter I exemplify and examine how and why change can be embraced and seen...
Abramowitz, Sharon; Marten, Meredith; Panter-Brick, Catherine
In recent years, anthropologists have become increasingly present in medical humanitarian situations as scholars, consultants, and humanitarian practitioners and have acquired insight into medical humanitarian policy and practice. In 2012, we implemented a poll on anthropology, health, and humanitarian practice in which 75 anthropologists discussed their experiences in medical humanitarianism. Our goal was to move beyond the existing anarchy of individual voices in anthropological writing and gain an aggregate view of the perspective of anthropologists working in medical humanitarian contexts. Responses lead to six inductively derived thematic priorities. The findings illustrate how anthropologists perceive medical humanitarian practice; which aspects of medical humanitarianism should be seen as priorities for anthropological research; and how anthropologists use ethnography in humanitarian contexts. © 2014 by the American Anthropological Association.
Full Text Available Written by Didier Coste, a French essayist, translator and academic who worked for some years in Australia, Days in Sydney is a unique bilingual novel. Instead of the accepted custom of the original text printed on the opposite page of its translation Days in Sydney contains no translation. It alternates French and English in a seamless fashion that is the antithesis of the conventions of bilingual texts, resulting in a truly heteroglossic text, elliptical in its construction as it meanders between two languages and two main characters. In the publication announcement Didier Coste stated that this unusual book was the result of an ‘nécessité esthétique et une certaine idée de la bi-culture’ aimed at ‘le petit cercle des bilingues d'Australie’. Alongside his creative output Coste has published scholarly works since the late 1980s up to 2004. In English. By examining the principles and practice of heteroglossia and by drawing on one of Coste’s recent academic article, this paper explores the twin notions of ‘nécessité esthétique”, and ‘bi-cultural’ readership to account for the (not so global space between two languages and cultures Days in Sydney occupies.
In response to postcolonial, feminist and subaltern critiques of anthropology, this article seeks to answer the question, "For whom should research be conducted, and by whom should it be used?" by examining the lives and works of four female dance anthropologists. Franziska Boas, Zora Neale Hurston, Katherine Dunham and Pearl Primus used…
Participation in young peoples' sexual cultures in Maputo, Mozambique led to reflections about the field dynamics of power, participation, desire, and discomfort. Structural inequalities of race, gender, and educational status resulted in informants seeing me as a morally righteous person to whom they could not give open accounts about sexual practice. Attempting to overcome these barriers, I participated in excessive nightlife activities, and as a consequence they began viewing me as a more accepting and reliable person. Although breaking down these barriers provided invaluable insight into their sexual culture, it also caused anxiety and troubling desires vis-à-vis informants. I discuss how anthropologists, through fieldwork are transformed from powerful seducers of informants to objects of informants' seduction. This creates dilemmas for the anthropologist whose fieldwork depends on informants' continued participation. I show how negotiating the risks of participation may simultaneously satisfy the desire for knowledge and curb erotic desires.
In assessing the contribution of anthropological investigation to health services, ethical review committees and health services personnel usually weigh the relationship between the risks to subjects from the research procedures and the benefits of the research results. While these reviews are important, attention should also focus on the benefits of the research process, itself. In rehabilitation settings, located at a Veterans Administration Medical Center, psychiatric-care facility, the anthropological research process benefits staff members and patients. Using the role of participant-observer, the anthropologist serves as an anonymous channel of communication and contributes to patient rehabilitation.
Garvin, Heather M; Passalacqua, Nicholas V
When determining an age estimate from adult skeletal remains, forensic anthropologists face a series of methodological choices. These decisions, such as which skeletal region to evaluate, which methods to apply, what statistical information to use, and how to combine information from multiple methods, ultimately impacts the final reported age estimate. In this study, a questionnaire was administered to 145 forensic anthropologists, documenting current trends in adult age at death estimation procedures used throughout the field. Results indicate that the Suchey-Brooks pubic symphysis method (1990) remains the most highly favored aging technique, with cranial sutures and dental wear being the least preferred, regardless of experience. The majority of respondents stated that they vary their skeletal age estimate process case-by-case and ultimately present to officials both a narrow and broad possible age range. Overall, respondents displayed a very high degree of variation in how they generate their age estimates, and indicated that experience and expertise play a large role in skeletal age estimates. © 2011 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
Full Text Available Lire la biographie d'un géographe écrite par un non géographe est un grand plaisir ! Jean-Didier VINCENT, comme Élisée RECLUS, est natif, de Sainte-Foy-la-Grande. C'est peut être la raison pour laquelle il s'est lancé dans cette biographie hommage qui, comme il l'écrit lui-même en fin de son ouvrage est "une histoire d'amour". On citera les dernières lignes de son livre, qui donnent tout l'objectif de cet ouvrage : "J'ai voulu écrire une histoire d'amour. L'œuvre d'Élisée RECLUS a suscité bie...
Full Text Available The present article is an exercise of introspection: from a biographical perspective, the author analyzes the developments of Mexican anthropology over the past fifty years. Trained as an anthropologist in the classic techniques of social research by authors such as Weitlaner and Juan Comas, and later on having worked with Alfonso Caso, Gonzalo Aguirre Beltran and Angel Palerm, he discovers —after years of fieldwork among a number of indigenous peoples in the country— that postmodern anthropology considers what he sees as a personal and social commitment with the disfranchised as no more than a form of narrative. He thus proceeds to review a complex line of research, involved in controversy over the uses and abuses of an anthropology put to the service of a project of national construction. At the end, a look at the current state of the world leads him to vindicate the relevance of the knowledge gained by both ethnography and anthropology for the social change of the indigenous peoples of the world. Because of this conviction, he calls for a social anthropology committed to the analysis of those conditions that make the continuation of injustice possible. Ignoring the politized context of the history of the discipline in order to concern oneself alone with dilettante academic digressions will turn social anthropology into an instrument of the prevailing political system, run by the dominators.
El presente trabajo es un ejercicio de introspección que partiendo de lo biográfico analiza las vicisitudes que la antropología mexicana ha pasado durante el último medio siglo. En el mismo, un antropólogo formado en las técnicas clásicas de investigación social de la mano de autores como Roberto Weitlaner o Juan Comas, y que en sucesivas fases de su vida ha trabajado con Alfonso Caso, Julio de la Fuente, Gonzalo Aguirre Beltrán o Ángel Palerm descubre, tras años de trabajo de campo entre diversos grupos indígenas de todo el pa
Whiteman, Darrell L., Ed.
The topics of anthropologist-missionary relationships, theology and missiology, research methods and missionary contributions to ethnology, and missionary training and methods, along with specific case studies are presented. The 13 essays are: (1) "Prospects for a Better Understanding and Closer Cooperation between Anthropologists and…
Salamone, Frank A., Ed.
The topics of anthropologist-missionary relationships, theology and missiology, research methods and missionary contributions to ethnology, missionary training and methods, and specific case studies are presented. The ten essays are: (1) "An Ethnoethnography of Missionaries in Kalingaland" (Robert Lawless); (2) "Missionization and…
Fernando Giobellina Brumana
Full Text Available This article is the result of a book published recently that met with acclaim among leading anthropologists as a watershed in literature on the discipline. It revolves around the long message sent by a Yanomami shaman who, from his Amazon stronghold, talks to us as white people through a French anthropologist with whom he has maintained a long ethnographic relationship. The message is expressed on several levels: an overwhelmingly baroque cosmology, an extremely rich life story, a savage ethnography of the white world, and an indictment of the danger of universal annihilation implied by white incursion on Amazon life. After the rather belated presentation of the book, the article explores the shaman-ethnologist relationship underlying this extremely ambitious work and the unsurprising equivalence between the shaman’s accusation and the ideology of repudiation of ourselves so common in our own media.
joaquim de castro
The research accomplished a literature review about acculturation on the earlier American Anthropologist journal. Acculturation research appeared on North American Anthropology; afterward it came to Sociology and Psychology. The main models to approach acculturation followed the historical evolution of the North American culture, and the earlier research barely considered the main dimensions of the acculturation concept. Assimilation and, in a lesser degree, fusion were the preferred models d...
Michael, Amy R; Bengtson, Jennifer D
Clinical literature provides substantial information on the effects of chronic alcohol abuse on bone remodeling and related skeletal disease processes. This biomedical information is seldom considered in detail by forensic anthropologists, who often rely on normative macroscopic models of bone remodeling and traditional macroscopic age estimation methods in the creation of biological profiles. The case study presented here considers the ways that alcoholism disrupts normal bone remodeling processes, thus skewing estimations of age-at-death. Alcoholism affects bone macroscopically, resulting in a porous appearance and an older estimation of age, while simultaneously inhibiting osteoblastic activity and resulting in a younger microscopic appearance. Forensic anthropologists must also be cognizant of pathological remodeling stemming from alcoholism in cases where trauma analysis is critical to the reconstruction of events leading up to death, as fracture healing rates can be affected. Beyond the case study, we also consider how forensic anthropologists and practitioners can recognize and account for osteological signatures of alcoholism in medico-legal contexts. In order to best estimate age at death, a combined macroscopic and microscopic approach should be employed whenever possible alcohol and drug abuse is known or suspected. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.
Alfonso, Marta P; Little, Michael A
This translation of Juan Comas's Summary History of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists was originally published in Spanish by the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, in 1969 (Departamento de Investigaciones Antropológicas, Publication 22). Physical anthropologists from North America and members of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists owe Juan Comas a debt of gratitude for having labored to produce this Summary History of the AAPA. There is much useful and interesting material in this document: extensive endnotes that are helpful to the historian of the profession; an appendix of the Journal issues where the proceedings of annual meetings can be found; a detailed listing of contributors of papers to annual meetings from 1930-1968; a warm acknowledgment and history of the contributions of the Wenner-Gren Foundation to biological anthropology; a history of the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology; and comments on the short-lived PA Newsletter. In addition, there are appendices with the founding AAPA Constitution and By-Laws from 1930 and as they existed in 1968. All of this synoptic information saves the reader with interests in the history of the AAPA considerable effort, especially when few university and college libraries have the full (old and new) series of the AJPA on their shelves. We have tried to provide a translation of Comas's history that is faithful to the original Spanish-language publication. In a few cases, we shortened sentences and applied a slightly more modern usage than was popular in the late 1960s. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
en Afrique de l'Ouest et Centrale. Yamoussoukro : pp 98 - 102. Roseboom J., et Ng Kee Kwong K. F. 2007. Etude de faisabilité d'un programme d'appui à la recherche sucrière en Côte d'Ivoire : diagnostic et proposition d'orientations. ITALTREND en association avec SOPEX,. IAK, HYDRO-RD, MEP, ADAS. Contrat cadre.
Ethnographers are urged to "be there", in the field, in order to gain insight about a particular culture. When the field is unreachable, or does not yet exist, the applied anthropologist must adapt their methods accordingly while maintaining the integrity of their research. The space industry presents a unique case study for such a dilemma. Drawing on Bourdieu's 1977 reflection on the structural constraints and the forming of unconscious schemes of thought imposed by the material world on the body, this paper considers the effect of the presence and absence of place in applied, collaborative anthropological work.
Full Text Available The recent rhetoric of the "end" or "failure" of multiculturalism in Europe and beyond came as no surprise to anthropologists. Moreover, the statements made by leading politicians of key European economies seem as though they are based on the decades old anthropological critique of the consequences of the failed implementation of multicultural policies in Europe and on the global level. It is as though the messages we have been getting over the course of the last few years – that multicultural policies are contraindicated, that they weaken the contacts between cultures, rob individuals of the right to change and chose their identities and strengthen intra-cultural mediators of power, with patriarchy, violence against women and children, leaving school, religious fundamentalism and even terrorism as main consequences – are being read by politicians from anthropological analyses of abuses of collective "cultural" rights. The paper considers the nature of this similarity between the discourse of politicians and anthropologists with a special emphasis on the status of "Islam" in them, and discusses whether it is congruence or mere coincidence of stances toward minorities, immigrants and cultural differences, as toward the regulations which were tasked with protecting this diversity as a fundamental European value which today, at least at the rhetorical level, seems to be fading.
Jones, Ross L; Anderson, Warwick
While the British Empire conventionally is recognized as a source of research subjects and objects in anthropology, and a site where anthropological expertise might inform public administration, the settler-colonial affiliations and experiences of many leading physical anthropologists could also directly shape theories of human variation, both physical and cultural. Antipodean anthropologists like Grafton Elliot Smith were pre-adapted to diffusionist models that explained cultural achievement in terms of the migration, contact and mixing of peoples. Trained in comparative methods, these fractious cosmopolitans also favoured a dynamic human biology, often emphasizing the heterogeneity and environmental plasticity of body form and function, and viewing fixed, static racial typologies and hierarchies sceptically. By following leading representatives of empire anatomy and physical anthropology, such as Elliot Smith and Frederic Wood Jones, around the globe, it is possible to recover the colonial entanglements and biases of interwar British anthropology, moving beyond a simple inventory of imperial sources, and crediting human biology and social anthropology not just as colonial sciences but as the sciences of itinerant colonials.
Full Text Available To look back and reflect upon past field diaries, field encounters and events is the invitation of this paper, constructed both as a research note and as a personal research story. The invitation isaddressed especially to young anthropologists. The paper recalls and re-analyses data from three past online fields – one interactive website calling itself the “Romanian online community in Vancouver”, one online forum entitled the “Indian online community in Germany”, and the real-time communication portal Yahoo Messenger. It highlights the out-of-the-ordinary events recorded on each field, which illustrate complex relationships between the online and offline worlds. Further interpreting the fields as what contemporary American anthropologist Timothy Simpson, following Richard Sennett, calls “narrative spaces”, I hope to reveal more of the social construction of these virtual spaces. The main hypothesis to be explored and proposed for further debate are 1 that interactive virtual spaces develop as narrative spaces, around the frame-story offered by theirinitiators and 2 that narratives are continuously transcending different online and offline spaces, connecting them, while being continuously re-negotiated and re-told.
Full Text Available Jean-Didier Urbain, à travers cet ouvrage, applique sa vision d’anthropologue à la campagne. Cet ouvrage, facile à lire grâce à une écriture alerte, se démarque d’une vision bucolique de la verte campagne telle qu’elle a pu être véhiculée par quelques idéologues que l’auteur se plaît à fustiger au passage.Constatant les profondes mutations de la campagne française, J.D. Urbain, analyse surtout le phénomène des résidences secondaires puisque ces dernières sont plus nombreuses que les exploitat...
Alors que beaucoup d’auteurs qui traitent du développement durable (DD), en anglais Sustainable Development, en restent à une définition fonctionnelle, liée à la publication du rapport Bruntland de 1987 et qui consiste à « répondre aux besoins présents sans compromettre la capacité pour les générations futures de satisfaire les leurs » (p. 24), Didier Stéphany propose ici la clarification d’une idée aux contours flous qui serait, selon lui, mal connue. Dans un ouvrage structuré en onze chapit...
Thomas, Richard M; Parks, Connie L; Richard, Adam H
A common task in forensic anthropology involves the estimation of the ancestry of a decedent by comparing their skeletal morphology and measurements to skeletons of individuals from known geographic groups. However, the accuracy rates of ancestry estimation methods in actual forensic casework have rarely been studied. This article uses 99 forensic cases with identified skeletal remains to develop accuracy rates for ancestry estimations conducted by forensic anthropologists. The overall rate of correct ancestry estimation from these cases is 90.9%, which is comparable to most research-derived rates and those reported by individual practitioners. Statistical tests showed no significant difference in accuracy rates depending on examiner education level or on the estimated or identified ancestry. More recent cases showed a significantly higher accuracy rate. The incorporation of metric analyses into the ancestry estimate in these cases led to a higher accuracy rate. © 2017 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
Biological anthropologists within academia and in other sectors are increasingly engaged in a variety of problem-oriented research and in the design, implementation, or evaluation of policies and programs, domestically and abroad. Such work can have distinctive requirements in terms of disciplinary background, professional orientation, and professional development. This article explores these issues through the author's autobiographical account of a career in food and nutrition policy from within an academic nutrition department. The article is guided by an analytical framework that compares eight projects in terms of their mode of knowledge production, academic impact, public impacts, and personal rewards. The projects range from village-based surveys in Samoa and Malawi to food security planning in upstate New York communities, US policies on genetically engineered (GE) foods, and participant-observer research on nutrition policy development in low-income countries. The cumulative experience reveals the importance of a commitment to problem-solving, a transdisciplinary orientation, intellectual and methodological dexterity, ongoing engagement with policy actors and openness to emergent research questions, new research settings, and nontraditional funding sources. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Butaric, Lauren N; Light, Lydia E O; Juengst, Sara L
Anthropologists, human biologists, and researchers in related fields have been investigating the human-environment interaction and its effects on health for decades. While there have been numerous studies from the medical- and health-sectors pointing to the connection between climate change and health needs, as well as studies advocating for the incorporation of appropriate curricula addressing these needs in medical schools and health-professional programs, this connection is not being systematically taught to our future healthcare professionals. Here, we first briefly summarize research highlighting the interaction between environment and health; we follow this with discussion about why this interaction is important for current and future medical professionals to understand, particularly in light of the current issues of climate change. We specifically address how anthropologists and human biologists have contributed to the literature on marginal environments and climate change, and how anthropological research may be incorporated in health-oriented and medical classrooms to aid in this discussion. Through interdisciplinary collaboration between anthropologists, human biologists, medical-health professionals, and researchers in other fields, we can learn from our past and play a part in piecing together our future health care issues and needs. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Udvidede magtbeføjelser, ensidig etnisk rekruttering, vilkårlige visitationer, politivold, straffrihed, distance til lokalsamfundet. Hvem arbejder politiet for i dag? Ny bog af Didier Fassin undersøger ikke bål og brand, men politiets hverdag i de parisiske forstæder...
Reilly, Jo Marie
This commentary reflects the professional life story of a prolific and well-published poet, Howard Stein. An anthropologist by training, Howard's poetry is well known and well respected by family physicians. It is within family medicine that Howard found his professional home, and in his 45-plus-year career he has shared the value of "patient story"; the value of the doctor-patient relationship; and the art of listening deeply to self, colleagues, and patients. This commentary offers a tribute to Howard's professional life and his contributions to family and narrative medicine. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).
Full Text Available I was an inpatient at a small maternity clinic in Japan in 2012–13 and found it impossible to separate the way I experienced medical care and my training as a medical anthropologist. As I was encouraged to eat and monitor my weight so that I would “grow” a healthy baby, I recalled how interviewees from my HIV/AIDS project described nourishing their bodies so they could fight disease. Because of my experience in the healthcare system in Japan, I ended up reframing my data to add questions about the role of hospital food in patient care. Meanwhile, I developed the social networks necessary to execute a new project, which I would later undertake. In this essay I argue that medical anthropologists working from a phenomenological perspective may regard their own bodies as assets rather than hindrances in research, and that because bodies are gendered, focusing on this facet of habitus can be particularly informative. I also illustrate how systematic reflection on personal experience in the field (autoethnography aids in the development of research questions and reframing data. Finally, I discuss how highlighting these steps in research methods courses can demystify the research process for students.
Bennett, B C
This essay is a discussion of the author's changing perspectives of his anthropological research in Croatia which comes about through the postmodern critique of theorectical paradigms as well as the fact that financial and cultural globalization has changed the subject of our research. Added to the globalization process and the international flow of cultural capital in Croatia are the recent events of the collapse of a modernism experiment in Marxism and the emergence of ethnic nationalism. The complexity of these current postmodern trends in theorectical anthropology, combined with complex current historical processes on top of a very complex history in Croatia, raise real questions about whether or not the outsider anthropologist can textualize the cultural situation here. But, a question still remains as to whether the insider anthropologist/ethnologist can textualize a cultural situation that is difficult to draw parameters around because of the international flow of cultural capital, e.g., are the younger generation really focused on localized ethnic nationalism or is this now a situation that is so internationalized that our former assumptions about local place make no longer make sense?
Uuest heliplaadist "Schnittke, Alfred: Requiem; Gorecki: Miserere. Solistes vocaux et instrumentaux, Choeur de chambre Eric Ericson, Choeur de la Radio Suedoise, Tõnu Kaljuste" Caprice CAP 21 515, distribution Disques Concord (CD: 160F). TT: 1h 08'49"
Willen, Sarah S; Mulligan, Jessica; Castañeda, Heide
Of the estimated 214 million people who have migrated from poorer to richer countries in search of a better life, between 20 and 30 million have migrated on an unauthorized, or "illegal," basis. All have health needs, or will in the future, yet most are denied health care available to citizens and authorized residents. To many, unauthorized im/migrants' exclusion intuitively "makes sense." As scholars of health, social justice, and human rights, we find this logic deeply flawed and are committed to advancing a constructive program of engaged critique. In this commentary, we call on medical anthropologists to claim an active role in reframing scholarly and public debate about this pressing global health issue. We outline four key theoretical issues and five action steps that will help us sharpen our research agenda and translate ourselves for colleagues in partner disciplines and for broader audiences engaged in policymaking, politics, public health, and clinical practice.
Neufeld, María Rosa
In this article we examine two moments in anthropology. First we characterize anthropology as a subject specialized in the study of "the others", which developed in those countries that led the European and North American colonial expansion. We underline the links that existed between this historical context, the features of ethnography -the theoretic-methodological approach developed by anthropologistsand the concept of culture, that became the core of this discipline. Secondly, we intend to further the understanding of some trends of contemporary anthropology: the fact that nowadays anthropologists work on the societies they belong to, their operations (documenting the undocumented, unveiling dayliness, de-naturalizing), which find their roots in earlier anthropology. It also highlights the shift of focus from reciprocity relations to power and inequity relations. Finally it sheds light on some original developments in Latin American anthropology, considering some cases in Mexico, Brazil and Argentina.
Thomas, Richard M; Parks, Connie L; Richard, Adam H
A common task in forensic anthropology involves the estimation of the biological sex of a decedent by exploiting the sexual dimorphism between males and females. Estimation methods are often based on analysis of skeletal collections of known sex and most include a research-based accuracy rate. However, the accuracy rates of sex estimation methods in actual forensic casework have rarely been studied. This article uses sex determinations based on DNA results from 360 forensic cases to develop accuracy rates for sex estimations conducted by forensic anthropologists. The overall rate of correct sex estimation from these cases is 94.7% with increasing accuracy rates as more skeletal material is available for analysis and as the education level and certification of the examiner increases. Nine of 19 incorrect assessments resulted from cases in which one skeletal element was available, suggesting that the use of an "undetermined" result may be more appropriate for these cases. Published 2016. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
In this address, I ask: What do we bring as anthropologists and educators to our work? Two projects frame my arguments: my work with teachers in Aceh, Indonesia after the 2004 tsunami and my term on a school board in an impoverished U.S. city. I conclude that at a time when challenges are simultaneously local and global, immediate and long term,…
Search tips: Search terms are case-insensitive; Common words are ignored; By default only articles containing all terms in the query are returned (i.e., AND is implied); Combine multiple words with OR to find articles containing either term; e.g., education OR research; Use parentheses to create more complex queries; e.g., ...
Full Text Available Deux ouvrages différents dans leur approche mais également passionnants permettent de saisir l’évolution du débat sur les armes à feu aux États-Unis. Des Américains et des armes à feux. Violence et démocratie aux Etats Unis de Didier Combeau rend compte de la relation complexe que les Américains entretiennent avec les armes à feu depuis la fondation de la nation et de la polémique contemporaine sur la question du droit aux armes. A Well-Regulated Militia : The Founding Fathers and the Origins...
Full Text Available Se sentant piégés par la dichotomie classique (et donc ethnocentrique séparant théorie et pratique, des anthropologues contemporains se sont précipités en aval en cherchant à la fois à personnaliser leur discipline (« pas d’anthropologie sans autobiographie » et à la rendre plus pertinente à notre avenir commun (d’où une anthropologie appliquée. Mais en un amont onto-épistémologique, là où se retrouvent certains philosophes modernes avec leurs idées relatives au réel comme relationnel (Marion, à la rencontre et à la reconnaissance (Ricoeur ou au moi altéré (Levinas, il se peut que l’anthropologue, qu’il le veuille ou non, soit impliqué d’emblée et d’office.Feeling trapped by the classical and consequently ethnocentric dichotomy between theory and practice, contemporary anthropologists have hurried downstream seeking at once to personalize their discipline (“no anthropology without autobiography” and render it more relevant to our common future (hence an “applied anthropology”. But upstream, onto-epistemologically, there where several modern philosophers find themselves with such notions as the real being relational (Marion, encounter and recognition (Ricoeur or the self as replying to the Other (Levinas, it could be that whether he or she wills it or not, an anthropologist is implicated from the outset.
1 Laboratoire d'Ecologie Végétale, Département de Biologie des Organismes végétaux, Faculté des Sciences,. B. P. 24157, Université de Douala, Cameroun. 2 Institut de Recherche d'Ecologie Tropicale (IRET), B. P. 13354 Libreville, Gabon. 3 Laboratoire de Parasitologie végétale, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris ...
La présente étude a été conduite pour apprécier le niveau de pollution des eaux du collecteur de. Dantokpa (Cotonou-Bénin) par l'évaluation de la diversité phytoplanctonique en relation avec les caractéristiques physico-chimiques afin de faire ressortir le risque de leur rejet sans traitement dans la lagune de Cotonou.
Cameroun sur la propagation de Chromolaena odorata, Asteraceae, considérée comme mauvaise herbe dans la zone d'étude. La méthodologie suivie a comporté trois étapes : la prospection générale de la zone d'étude, le choix des itinéraires ...
amené l'état ivoirien à opter pour le développement de la filière lait locale. En effet, la Côte d'Ivoire ne ... forêt classée Yapo Abbé située entre Azaguié et Agboville. Une bonne partie de la végétation est constituée .... Collecte des données. Deux traites ont été réalisées par jour, la première avait lieu tôt le matin entre 5 h 00.
(Linn.) Merr. et L.M. perry, Tectona grandis. Linn., Terminalia catapa Linn., Theobroma cacao Linn., Thymus vulgaris Linn., Viscum album Linn., Ziziphus lotus (Linn.) Lam. Vingt cinq herbacées (33,33%) ont été recensées. Ce sont : Achillia millefolium. Linn., Ageratum conyzoïdes Linn., Alium cepa. Linn., Alium sativum Linn.
Dans l'optique de valoriser la médecine traditionnelle par l'aromathérapie, les enquêtes ethnobotaniques effectuées dans deux marchés de Douala ont permis d'inventorier et de caractériser les plantes médicinales à huiles essentielles vendues. les 48 vendeurs interviewés sont originaires de trois régions, Est,. Ouest et ...
. 1. Alstonia boonei De Wild. +. Apocynaceae. Voacanga africana Stapf. +. 2. 2. Cocos nucifera L. +. Arecaceae. Elaeis guineenis Jacq. + .... 23- Rougeole ; 24- indigestion ;. 25- Dartre ; 26- Blessure ; 27- Mal des yeux ; 28-Variole ; 29- Cancer.
du Programme Inter-universitaire Ciblé–. Recherche sur l'Ensablement des Cuvettes. 2ième phase ..... RBE = VA-(Travail+Frais financiers+Taxes). Rentabilité Privée Nette (RPN). RPN = VA/PB. Tableau 3: Hiérarchisation des principales spéculations (Test de Kendall). Spéculations. Rang moyen. Ordre. Test de Kendall.
Full Text Available Voici un livre écrit par l’un des nombreux amoureux de Lolita, par un chasseur manifestement enchanté, un érudit et un poète gravement atteint de nabokolepsie. Nabokov aurait certainement été fier et heureux de voir un lecteur caresser les détails, les divins détails, avec une telle gourmandise, débusquer avec une telle habileté des allusions intertextuelles que personne (et peut-être Nabokov compris n’avait vues avant lui. On sent dans ce travail universitaire une sorte d’exaltation et d’ex...
Wolfson-Stofko, Brett; Curtis, Ric; Fuentes, Faustino; Manchess, Ed; Del Rio-Cumba, Alexis; Bennett, Alex S
The following report from the field focuses on the authors' collective efforts to operate an ad hoc safer injection facility (SIF) out of portapotties (portable toilets) in an area of the South Bronx that has consistently experienced some of the highest overdose morbidity and mortality rates in New York City over the past decade (New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2011, 2015, 2016). Safer injection facilities (also known as supervised injection facilities, drug consumption rooms, etc.) operating outside the US provide a legal, hygienic, and supervised environment for individuals to use drugs in order to minimize the likelihood of fatal overdose and the spread of blood-borne infections while reducing public injection. In the US, the operation of SIFs is federally prohibited by the federal "Crack House" statute though federal, state, and local elected officials can sanction their operation to various degrees (Beletsky, Davis, Anderson, & Burris, 2008). The activists, researchers, undergraduate students and peers from syringe exchange programs who came together to operate the portapotties discovered that they were, in many ways, emblematic of neoliberal solutions to disease prevention: primarily focused on auditing individual risk behaviors and virtually blind to the wider social context that shapes those lives. That social context - the culture of drug injection - was and is out in the open for all of us to see. Going forward, the cultural anthropologist's toolbox will be opened up and used by large groups of undergraduate students to better understand the culture of drug use and how it is changing.
Noelle Molé Liston
Full Text Available The essay examines the parallels between Molé Liston’s studies on labor and precarity in Italy and the United States’ anthropology job market. Probing the way economic shift reshaped the field of anthropology of Europe in the late 2000s, the piece explores how the neoliberalization of the American academy increased the value in studying the hardships and daily lives of non-western populations in Europe.
tried to relate this immunity to the darker skin of Black peoples. Nature, he ... some would be better fitted than others to bear the diseases of the country. ... Black peoples. Others before Darwin had held this view too. DARWIN AND IMMUNITY TO DISEASE. Sixty years later, Darwin in The Descenr of Man pointed out that the ...
dental varieties of man, which occur among the first few and scattered inhabitants of the middle regions of Africa, .... However, they both draw attention to the fact that, given the selective advantage attributed to the ... This selective effect could be because of differential mortality-especially in children; or because heterozygous.
Hardon, A.; Pool, R.
Can global health experiments be part of more flexible systems of knowledge generation, where different bodies of knowledge come together to provide understanding not only of the outcomes of new interventions but also of the mechanisms through which they affect people’s well-being and health?
3 Laboratoire de Parasitologie végétale, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI), 4 place. Jussieu, case courrier 155, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France. 4 Département de Biologie et Physiologie Végétales, B. P. 812, Université de Yaoundé I, Cameroun. * Auteur correspondant, E-mail : didierdibong @yahoo.fr. RESUME.
Garancis, Kristiina, 1969-
Rahvusvahelise uue tantsu festival - Augusti TantsuFestival. Vestlus Prantsuse Kultuuriministeeriumi tantsunõuniku D. Deschamps'iga prantsuse tantsukunsti olukorrast ja kultuuriministeeriumi tantsuosakonna tööst
Les Loranthaceae sont des plantes hémiparasites épiphytes qui puisent l'eau et les sels minéraux dans les tissus de .... chroniques, les diabètes, les difficultés respiratoires, les douleurs dues au rhumatisme, l'épilepsie ... viscotoxine serait responsable de l'action des extraits de Viscum album L. sur la circulation sanguine.
Of citizenship, public spaces and national imagining in Cameroon · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. N Jua, 100-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/aa.v12i1.23119 ...
Sanday, Peggy Reeves
The articles in the volume on ethnography and education are seen as an attempt to think through the underlying conceptions of ethnographic method in order to provide a context and logic for its application to education. They represent an effort to bridge the gap between anthropological and educational ethnography. Some of the discussions address…
Full Text Available Questo Forum raccoglie brevi interventi di antropologi che con ruoli diversi lavorano in differenti contesti universitari, allo scopo di riflettere su recenti esperienze di riforme neoliberiste del sistema pubblico dell'istruzione superiore. I contributi esplorano processi di neoliberalizzazione dell'università e cambiamenti istituzionali in corso in Australia e Nuova Zelanda, Romania, Danimarca, Grecia, Finlandia, Messico, Stati Uniti, Olanda, Spagna, Canada e Regno Unito. L'obiettivo è quello di costruire una piattaforma che possa ospitare riflessioni critiche sulle trasformazioni attuali dell'accademia e delle relative implicazioni per il futuro dell'antropologia. Auspichiamo che il Forum serva anche a indurre i colleghi alle prese con le conseguenze del vigente regime di austerità a formare una coalizione in favore di una idea di università diversa da quella oggi dominante. Contributi di Cris Shore & Susan Wright, Vintilă Mihăilescu, Sarah F. Green, Gabriela Vargas-Cetina & Steffan Igor Ayora-Diaz, Tracey Heatherington, Dimitris Dalakoglou, Noelle Molé Liston, Susana Narotzky, Jaro Stacul, Meredith Welch-Devine, Jon P. Mitchell.
La figura dell’antropologo, le necessità di assistenza familiare e la costruzione di una “casa della salute”. Progetto di ricerca e sensibilizzazione nel quartiere Savena di Bologna - The role of the anthropologist, the needs of family caring and the creation of the “health house”. Research and awareness project in Savena district - Bologna
Full Text Available The author presents her research and awareness project about family caring initiated in the Savena District, Bologna. Through this experience, the author has had the opportunity to disclose the development of non-self-sufficiency among the elderly creating the so-called “health house” within the home. Using this expression, she specifies the alteration of the physical space and the combination of life stories and expectations of three subjects who dwell in this space: the elderly, relatives and family assistant (“badante”. Outside the house, however, economic and political interests are increasing. The anthropologist has to be fully aware of these power dynamics and, above all, has to develop an educational and mediation activity in order to create more possibilities of expression for the individuals involved in the care relationship.
Florida, New York, Illinois, New Mexico and California. Special emphasis is placed on regions of the United States in which a major portion of the...several advanced Petty Officers (of the Chief, Senior, or Master grades) normally involved in the administration of particular aspects of en - listed...articulate a specific training interest, or clearly envision its significance later in their life. Several prospectives indicated that machismo is not
Une societe aux reperes ambigus. JMZ Belinga. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/aa.v10i1.46101 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...
Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) was a prominent Italian medical doctor and intellectual in the second half of the nineteenth century. He became world famous for his theory that criminality, madness and genius were all sides of the same psychobiological condition: an expression of degeneration, a sort of regression along the phylogenetic scale, and an arrest at an early stage of evolution. Degeneration affected criminals especially, in particular the "born delinquent" whose development had stopped at an early stage, making them the most "atavistic" types of human being. Lombroso also advocated the theory that genius was closely linked with madness. A man of genius was a degenerate, an example of retrograde evolution in whom madness was a form of "biological compensation" for excessive intellectual development. To confirm this theory, in August 1897, Lombroso, while attending the Twelfth International Medical Congress in Moscow, decided to meet the great Russian writer Lev Tolstoy in order to directly verify, in him, his theory of degeneration in the genius. Lombroso's anthropological ideas fuelled a heated debate on the biological determinism of human behaviour.
Also, malaria may be associated with the lower levels of ATP (adenosine triphosphate) in the red blood cells of Blacks. Man's cultural evolution and especially the adoption of agriculture - may have played a big part in the establishment of areas of malarial hyperendemicity. Thus, indirectly, malaria may have helped the early ...
Reverón, Rafael Romero
Leo Testut (1849–1925), professor of human anatomy of the Faculty of Medicine of Lyon, wrote more than 90 publicationson anatomy, anthropology and history, the most outstanding of which was his treatise on human anatomy published in1887. He founded and directed the International Journal of Anatomy and Histology. He was a member of the FrenchAcademy of Medicine and president of the World Association of Anatomists
LGBT Challenging and Reproducing Sexual Hegemonies: Stories from the Kenyan LGB Communities · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. AM Ocholla, RA Odhiambo, LG Galavu, I Muchki, 19-31 ...
South African Medical Journal. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 47, No 6 (1973) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file. The PDF file you selected should ...
Full Text Available La cuestión de la relación entre "política" y "vida", que Michel Foucault problematizara, promediando la década del '70, ha sido retomada por diferentes tradiciones intelectuales. Con sus propias "cajas de herramientas" y políticas de influencias, Giorgio Agamben, Didier Fassin y Dominique Memmi y Nikolas Rose, se ocuparon, todos, de la pregunta por la actualidad del ejercicio del poder sobre la vida. En ese intento recuperaron algunos de los problemas foucaultianos, enfocándolos con elaboraciones conceptuales críticas y recreativas. A pesar de esa inspiración común, las reflexiones sobre la biopolítica provenientes de la filosofía, la sociología y los governmentality studies han permanecido relativamente incomunicadas o, a lo sumo, la relación entre ellas se ha limitado al establecimiento de líneas de demarcación imposibles de cruzar. Como consecuencia de esa deliberada separación, las discusiones e investigaciones actuales que se ocupan de la relación entre "política" y "vida", han terminado configurando formas archipielares, alertas respecto de la mera posibilidad de contaminarse con enunciados foráneos. En un intento por superar esa fragmentación, esta reseña contacta, intercepta y opone argumentos provenientes de esos tres enfoques en torno a un conjunto, común, de problemas.
Full Text Available La literatura crítica con el humanitarismo ha emergido en el ámbito político internacional para quedarse. Renombrados científicos sociales como Didier Fassin (2012 o Thomas G. Weiss (2016, entre otros, han trabajado sobre los efectos de las intervenciones humanitarias desde diferentes ángulos. Cambiando el clásico enfoque en los beneficiarios, las políticas y los programas para pasar a indagar sobre las organizaciones y los trabajadores humanitarios, Liisa Malkki ha hecho una gran contribución a esta literatura profundizando en el porqué y el cómo de las acciones humanitarias. La autora es conocida por sus reflexiones etnográficas sobre las situaciones de exilio y refugio causadas por las sucesivas guerras y genocidios que asolaron en el último cuarto del siglo XX la zona de los grandes lagos africanos. Durante el genocidio ruandés de 1994, Malkki estaba finalizando un libro sobre un conflicto previo y olvidado en Burundi que provocó la llegada de refugiados hutus a Tanzania. La etnografía resultante, Purity and Exile (1995, explora cómo la violencia política y la cotidianeidad del exilio transforman la identidad y la conciencia histórica de los refugiados.
Full Text Available Body build and proportions are key determinants of athletic success. The effects of the athlete selection process and discipline-specific training are differentiated body dimensions. The aim of the study was to examine the physical characteristics of female combat athletes. The results of anthropometric measurements of 154 females aged 21.2±1.79 years competing in judo, jiu-jitsu, karate, taekwondo, and fencing for 7.5±3.43 years.
among the British.13 The swift victories early in the Pacific War for Japan (the fall of Singapore, Malaysia , and Burma) drove the British to seek...with food crumbs and cigarette ash. He never received an explanation as to the condition of his papers, but was reassured no one had read his work...Association, the American Statistical Association, the Political Science Association and the American Academy of Religion. http
Koszykowski, Myra D
.... They may require more than the balancing of the traditional three factors of Operational Art: time-space-force. A fourth factor, called "information," which impacts and underlies the three others, may be emerging...
Full Text Available In 1992, Ms. Dia Cha – then a graduate student in anthropology at Northern Arizona University – traveled to Chieng Kham Refugee and Napho Repatriation Camps in Thailand, and the village of Ban KM 52, inVientiane Province, Laos, to research issues concerning the repatriation to Laos of Lao Lum and Hmong women refugees. This article, originally written upon the return from these travels and in partial fulfillment of the requirements for her Master of Arts degree in Applied Anthropology, considers the findings made and the insights achieved on this journey of discovery. In particular, the work discusses changes and continuity in the lives of Lao Lum and Hmong refugee women in the camps. Also addressed in considerable detail is the impact of the author’s status as an educated Hmong-American woman and former refugee on her interactions with female and male informants residing in the two refugee camps. Ms. Cha, who spent much of her early life in such refugee camps as are herein described, has, in the intervening period, become Dr. Dia Cha, Associate Professor of Anthropology and Ethnic Studies at St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota, USA. The research project she describes was funded by the United Nations Development Fund for Women and executed by the American Friends Service Committee (The Quaker Services. Ms. Jacquelyn Chagnon joined Ms. Cha during the second phrase ofthe research, in Napho Repatriation Center, and later in Laos; however, the following article, produced originally in 1992, was written solely by Ms. Cha.
Williams, Robert C
Frank Livingstone played a central role in defining the population genetics of the sickle cell mutation at position 6 of the human beta globin gene, the most famous amino acid substitution in evolutionary biology. Its discovery occurred at a time when traditional, 19th-century principles of natural selection were being joined with the newly discovered mechanics of DNA structure and protein synthesis to produce Neo-Darwinian theory. When combined with the epidemiology of malaria in Africa, differential mortality for both homozygotes, and the resulting advantage of the heterozygote, sickle cell became the classic balanced polymorphism. Human HLA-A has 237 molecular alleles. The histocompatibility system has as its primary function the presentation of peptides to T-cell receptors and plays an essential role in the immune system. Nearly all of the alleles are codominant and fully functional. Despite almost 30 years of disease-association studies with HLA-A, no convincing evidence has been found for differential fertility or mortality at this locus. Yet the dogma in the histocompatibility field is that this extensive human polymorphism is maintained by "balancing selection." Explaining HLA-A polymorphism is what one might call the sickle-cell-effect. This one mutation, coming as it did at the historical convergence of Darwinian theory and modern genetics, and carrying with it the strong relationship between mutation, disease, and allele frequency, has conditioned our discussion of human genetic variation and population genetics. Has the strength of this early idea made evolutionary biologists uncritical of systems like HLA-A and retarded the search for new mechanisms of molecular evolution? Is it now time to move away from a focus on mutation and polymorphism in evolutionary genetics and toward a systems theory that would explain the origin and evolution of hemoglobin and HLA-A and the biochemical pathways that surround them?
Chang, Melanie L; Nowell, April
For the past few years, people everywhere have been "going Paleo." Websites and social media touting the benefits of eating a "Paleo diet" and following a "Paleolithic life style" serve as calls to arms for health-conscious individuals seeking information about the latest health and fitness trends. Many of these people participate in programs such as Crossfit, which involve major social and life-style modification components and therefore facilitate the dissemination of dietary fads. 1 The PALEOf(x) TM conference, which bills itself as "the world's premier holistic wellness event," has attracted sellout crowds of thousands of attendees for the last four years. 2 Consumers can wear Paleo clothing, download Paleo shopping and exercise apps to their smartphones, order prepackaged Paleo food, prepare it using Paleo cooking implements, or expediently buy Paleo convenience foods from Paleodiet™ vending machines 3 and "Cultured Caveman" food trucks. 4 The Paleo diet is touted by movie stars, reality TV personalities, and professional athletes, including LeBron James and the entire Miami Dolphins NFL team. 5,6 Books with titles such as The Primal Blueprint, 7 Cavewomen Don't Get Fat, 8 and Paleo Perfected 9 (the latter by the stodgy America's Test Kitchen) are legion, and many are bestsellers. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
After his theological studies, Harrie Leyten (1935) worked as a missionary in Ghana for ten years. He studied social anthropology at Oxford University and became Africa curator of the Tropenmuseum in Amsterdam in 1975, and taught at the University of Amsterdam and the Reinwardt Academy in Amsterdam.
Trotter, Robert J.
Presents opposing philosophies relating to the nature of aggression in man. One position advocates that human aggression is the product of evolution and is inherited, while the other proposes a cultural pattern model of aggression and uses two empirical tests in an attempt to disprove the genetic model. (JR)
Full Text Available L’articolo guarda indietro quattro decenni di carriera da antropologo, iniziati con un orientamento fortemente sbilanciato verso le scienze naturali, per concludersi con un progetto che cerca di integrare l’antropologia con le pratiche artistiche, l’architettura e il design. È stato anche un periodo in cui la scienza è venuta perdendo sempre più il suo orientamento ecologico, mentre le arti lo hanno invece ulteriormente guadagnato. Nel tracciare il mio percorso di insegnamento e ricerca, mostro come sono mutati i punti di riferimento letterari, a partire da alcuni testi fondativi dell’ecologia umana e animale, ora per lo più dimenticati, attraverso tentativi di coniugare il sociale e l’ecologico ispirati al revival marxiano, fino alle scritture contemporanee sul post-umanesimo e la condizione dell’Antropocene. Era questa una scienza fondata sulla tacita meraviglia per la splendida bellezza del mondo naturale e in silenziosa gratitudine per ciò che ad esso dobbiamo per la nostra esistenza. La scienza odierna, tuttavia, ha mercificato la meraviglia e la gratitudine. Esse non guidano più le sue pratiche di ricerca, ma sono piuttosto invocate per pubblicizzarne i risultati. Finalità della scienza sono ormai la modellizzazione, la predizione e il controllo. Non è per questo motivo che ci volgiamo sempre più all’arte per riscoprire l’umiltà che la scienza ha perduto?
Full Text Available La cuestión de la relación entre “política” y “vida”, que Michel Foucault problematizara, promediando la década del ’70, ha sido retomada por diferentes tradiciones intelectuales. Con sus propias “cajas de herramientas” y políticas de influencias, Giorgio Agamben, Didier Fassin y Dominique Memmi y Nikolas Rose, se ocuparon, todos, de la pregunta por la actualidad del ejercicio del poder sobre la vida. En ese intento recuperaron algunos de los problemas foucaultianos, enfocándolos con elaboraciones conceptuales críticas y recreativas. A pesar de esa inspiración común, las reflexiones sobre la biopolítica provenientes de la filosofía, la sociología y los governmentality studies han permanecido relativamente incomunicadas o, a lo sumo, la relación entre ellas se ha limitado al establecimiento de líneas de demarcación imposibles de cruzar. Como consecuencia de esa deliberada separación, las discusiones e investigaciones actuales que se ocupan de la relación entre “política” y “vida”, han terminado configurando formas archipielares, alertas respecto de la mera posibilidad de contaminarse con enunciados foráneos. En un intento por superar esa fragmentación, esta reseña contacta, intercepta y opone argumentos provenientes de esos tres enfoques en torno a un conjunto, común, de problemas.
On sait combien la famille constitue aujourd’hui un objet d’étude privilégié pour le chercheur en sciences sociales. Les récents débats sur le PACS, les différentes missions commandités par le gouvernement en vue de réformer le droit pour mieux faire face aux mutations de la famille, ou encore les nombreuses controverses qui balaient le champ de la sociologie de la famille attestent de l’intérêt suscité par cette question. À l’inverse de ce qui s’est produit dans d’autres disciplines (la soci...
Ce livre est intéressant à plus d’un titre. Il s’attaque à la question, en soi très interpellante, du benchmarking, c’est-à-dire la recherche permanente des pratiques considérées comme les plus performantes, où qu’elles soient, pour les rapatrier dans l’organisation dont on a la charge. Et il livre des analyses passionnantes sur l’introduction de ce benchmarking dans le secteur public à partir de terrains d’expérimentation. Le benchmarking, c’est donc la comparaison sans cesse renouvelée des ...
Goodrum, Matthew R; Olson, Cora
By the early twentieth century there was a growing need within palaeoanthropology and prehistoric archaeology to find a way of dating fossils and artefacts in order to know the age of specific specimens, but more importantly to establish an absolute chronology for human prehistory. The radiocarbon and potassium-argon dating methods revolutionized palaeoanthropology during the last half of the twentieth century. However, prior to the invention of these methods there were attempts to devise chemical means of dating fossil bone. Collaborations between Emile Rivière and Adolphe Carnot in the 1890s led to the development of the fluorine dating method, but it was not until the 1940s that this method was improved and widely implemented by Kenneth Oakley to resolve a number of problems in palaeoanthropology, including the Piltdown Man controversy. The invention of the fluorine dating method marked a significant advance in the quest for absolute dating in palaeoanthropology, but it also highlights interesting problems and issues relating to the ability of palaeoanthropologists and chemists to bring together different skills and bodies of knowledge in order successfully to develop and apply the fluorine dating method.
. The translation was made by the internationally famous Arctic explorer and writer Peter Freuchen, and his version of the novel has been so drastically cut down to the bare skeleton of the plot that we may speak of amputation rather than adaptation. The result is a so-called real “man’s book”, as is pronounced...
CORDASCO, FRANK M.
QUESTIONS ARE RAISED IN THIS BOOK REVIEW OF "LA VIDA" ABOUT OSCAR LEWIS'S CONCEPT OF THE "CULTURE OF POVERTY" AND ABOUT THE TYPICALITY OF THE RIOS FAMILY, AN ISSUE CENTRAL TO THE VALIDITY OF THE BOOK'S CONCLUSIONS. FEARS ARE EXPRESSED ABOUT THE POPULARIZATION OF THE BOOK'S FINDINGS AND THEIR WIDESPREAD APPLICATION. THIS ARTICLE IS PUBLISHED IN…
Juan Javier Rivera Andía
Full Text Available This text aims to make some questions about the reasons why an ethnographic archive joined by Jose Maria Arguedas has remained unpublished until now. Mainly, it is suggested that this lack of attention to a source like this may be related to a the way in which Arguedas conceived the production of knowledge in Anthropology.
de Figueiredo, Regina Érika Domingos
The article focuses on the work of Charles Wagley as a top staff member with Serviço Especial de Saúde Pública (Special Public Health Service), a US-Brazil cooperation program established during World War II. Taking into consideration Wagley's experience with migration policy under Brazil's Rubber Program, as well as the context of development promotion and the issues then on the anthropological agenda, the article explores Wagley's community study of the Amazon town he visited while on SESP missions, published in the book Uma comunidade amazônica (Amazon Town). Encountering a reality that he believed emblematic of underdevelopment, Wagley was led to reflect on social change and the role of science.
Opening talk of Didier Houssin, head of the direction of raw materials and hydrocarbons. Talk of Gerard Piketty, head of CEP and M at the CEP and M-COPREP day of October 10, 2000, corresponding to the 50. anniversary of FSH. Talk of Gilbert Rutman head of COPREP; Discours d'ouverture de Didier Houssin Directeur des matieres premieres et des hydrocarbures. Allocation de Gerard Piketty, president du CEP and M a la journee CEP and M-COPREP du 10 octobre 2000, marquant par ailleurs le 50. anniversaire du FSH. Discours de Gilbert Rutman president du COPREP
Houssin, D.; Piketty, G. [Comite d' Etudes Petrolieres et Marines, 92 - Paris la Defense (France); Rutman, G. [COPREP, (France)
These articles report on the different opening talks of D. Housin, G. Piketty and G. Rutman. D. Houssin, head of the direction of raw materials and hydrocarbons, analyzes the main events of the petroleum industry for the year 2000 (oil crisis, oil prices, hydrocarbons market, para-petroleum sector etc..). G. Piketty, head of CEP and M, recalls some highlights of CEP and M's history, while G. Rutman, head of COPREP, briefly evokes the activities of his own technical committee. (J.S.)
Feb 29, 2016 ... Composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) cultivars as influenced by chemical fertilization and tillage in Cameroon. Didier Aime Boyogueno BEGOUDE2, Papa Saliou SARR1*, Tatiana Laure Yondi MPON3, Didier Alexis. OWONA2, Miraine Ndacnou ...
Composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) cultivars as influenced by chemical fertilization and tillage in Cameroon. Didier Aime Boyogueno Begoude, Papa Saliou Sarr, Tatiana Laure Yondi Mpon, Didier Alexis Owona, Miraine Ndacnou Kapeua, Shigeru Araki ...
The policy of development of renewable energies - Thematic public report, Synthesis of the thematic public report, Speech by Mr Didier Migaud, First President of the French Audit Office (Press presentation of the thematic public report on The policy of development of renewable energies)
This report first outlines that renewable energies are developing without reaching the defined objectives. It describes the role of renewable energies within the French energy context (renewable heat and renewable electricity), gives an overview of European and French objectives, and outlines that results are significant but still insufficient. The second part reviews the various difficulties and obstacles: high production costs (methodology of cost calculation, differences among production costs), a complex support system with varying efficiency (support arrangements common to electricity and heat renewable production, and proper to each one), an unsteady legal framework which is a matter of dispute, a not adapted organization of public bodies, and strong physical constraints (grid, intermittency, limited potential). The third part outlines the need of long-term choices which must be sustainable in terms of financial costs, of social and economical impacts, of consistency conditions (with respect to environmental impacts, to electricity market, to adaptation of grids and consumption), of necessary arbitrations (between sectors, in terms of support arrangements, between contradictory imperatives of general interest, in terms of economic integration, in terms of investment in research). A set of recommendations is formulated. The report is completed by several appendices and by the answers of the concerned administrations and bodies (ministries, agencies, so on)
Singla, Rashmi; Rasmussen, Louise Mubanda
the subjects Health Promotion and International Development Studies at Roskilde University. The focus is on agents of intervention from the Global North with Global South targets. The theoretical framework of the course includes, among others approaches from cultural psychological (Valsiner), critical...... psychiatry/ psychology (Fernando), culture-centered health communication (Dutta) and medical anthropology (Farmer, Nguyen & Lock). The course is framed around a critical conceptualization of globalisation covering spatial and ideological dimensions (Fassin). Today’s practice of global health interventions...
, Dibong Didier Siegfried .... Mpundu Mulambi Michel Mubemba, Katebe Félicien Mununga, Kyalamakasa Jean-Marc Kaumbu, Kapoma Xavier Mwilambwe, Kazembe Jean-Pierre Maloba, Ilunga Meschack Banza, Kimonge Ismaël Mukunto.
Grossesses extra utérines successives et bilharziose tubaire chez une touriste française. Justine Laroche, Nicolas Mottet, Marianna Malincenco, Catherine Gay, Pierre Yves Royer, Didier Riethmuller ...
Actinorhizal nitrogen fixing nodules: infection process, molecular biology and genomics. Mariana Obertello, Mame Oureye SY, Laurent Laplaze, Carole Santi, Sergio Svistoonoff, Florence Auguy, Didier Bogusz, Claudine Franche ...
Artificial infestations of Tapinanthus ogowensis (Engler) Danser (Loranthaceae) on three host species in the Logbessou Plateau (Douala, Cameroon). DS Didier, EON Laurier, N Din, PR Jules, T Victor, F Henri, S Georges, A Akoa ...
Pedersen, Esther Oluffa
The article is part of the dialogue "Intentional Trust in Uganda" with anthropologist Lotte Meinert......The article is part of the dialogue "Intentional Trust in Uganda" with anthropologist Lotte Meinert...
After considering Ethiopian anthropologist Gemetchu Megerssa's research on Oromo worldviews, the conclusion proposes a research program using the combined methods of anthropologists and philosophers to develop a philosophical "galvanizing myth" emerging from African history to stand against globalization.
Foucault , Didier
International audience; Didier Foucault, François Bayle (1622-1709). Un médecin novateur à Toulouse au temps de Louis XIVBibliographieFrançois Bayle, Système général de la philosophie cartésienne (traduction de Milagro Ducassé-Turner et Didier Foucault)François Bayle, Discours sur l'experience et la raison, dans lequel on montre la nécessité de les joindre dans la physique, dans la médecine, et dans la chirurgieFrançois Bayle, Henry Grangeron, Relation de l'état de quelques personnes pretendu...
20. detsembrist Tallinna Kunstihoones kontseptuaalne kunstiprojekt "Expat-Art-Centre" (koostaja Mathieu Copeland, osalevad Brian Eno, Pierre Huyghe, Ben Kinmont, Claude Leveque, Didier Marcel, Olivier Mosset, Shimabuku, Dan Walsh, Ian Wilson) ning Tallinna Linnagaleriis Marko Mäetamme "Mälestusnäitus"
31 janv. 2016 ... SEDZRO Kossi Maxoe¹ *, FIOGBE Emile Didier¹, GUERRA Eduardo Balguerias², STAMATOPOULOS. Constantine³. ¹Laboratoire de Recherche sur les Zones Humides, Faculté des Sciences et des Techniques, Université d'Abomey-. Calavi, 01BP526 Cotonou Bénin, Tél. (229) 95268262. ²Institut Espagnol ...
In the late 80's, the World Bank got interested in environmental matters, to the point that a tsunami of a new process (National Environmental Action Plans – NEAPs) swept across the African continent. At that time, Madagascar was still under the rule of Didier Ratsiraka, an iron rule which had started in 1975. A place where ...
Composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) cultivars as influenced by chemical fertilization and tillage in Cameroon · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Didier Aime Boyogueno Begoude, Papa Saliou ...
Ethnobotanique des plantes médicinales anti hémorroïdaires des marchés et villages du Centre et du Littoral Cameroun · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Siegfried Didier Dibong, Patrice Brice Mvogo Ottou, Deli Vandi, Rosette Christelle Ndjib, Fabrice ...
Didier Lombard, metal worker in EST Division, was crowned 'France's Top Craftsman' during the 21st edition of the contest, which covered the period 1997 to 2000. CERN employs some of Europe's top crafts people to work on construction of components for experiments that are designed to a high degree of precision.
Rösing, Lilian Munk
) article 'Visualizing the mind: Looking at Titian's Flaying of Marsyas', addressing features of the painting not commented on by Hart, and supplementing Hart's (Kleinian) theoretical frame by involving Didier Anzieu's 'skin ego', Slavoj Zizek's concept of the 'non-human', Giorgio Agamben's term...
Development of a microsatellite primer set to investigate the genetic population structure of Armadillidium nasatum (Crustacea, Oniscidea). Séverine Masson, Cédric Faivre, Isabelle Giraud, Catherine Souty-Grosset, Richard Cordaux, Carine Delaunay,. Didier Bouchon and Nicolas Bech. J. Genet. 93, 545-549. Table 1.
Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Samira Mansour. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 38 Issue 4 November 2013 pp 815-823 Review. Casuarina glauca: A model tree for basic research in actinorhizal symbiosis · Chonglu Zhong Samira Mansour Mathish Nambiar-Veetil Didier Bogusz Claudine ...
Kaphagawani, Didier N. Vol 14, No 1 (2000) - Articles Peace and violence in contemporary Africa: A possibility of intercultural dialogue?*. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1016-0728. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms ...
Oct 5, 2017 ... Department of Geology and Water Resources Management, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University,. Raipur 492 010, India. ... features of mingling and mixing of the felsic and mafic magma manifest the magma chamber processes. Introduction of ... occur during the magma mixing process (Barbarin and Didier ...
Ethnobotanique des plantes médicinales anti hémorroïdaires des marchés et villages du Centre et du Littoral Cameroun. Siegfried Didier Dibong, Patrice Brice Mvogo Ottou, Deli Vandi, Rosette Christelle Ndjib, Fabrice Monkam Tchamaha, Emmanuel Mpondo Mpondo ...
The psychoanalytical point of view regarding the notion of risks helps us to understand the concept of transference and counter transference. Practice analysis groups provide an opportunity for collective discussion and the sharing of experience of clinical situations. Interview with Didier Gauchy, a psychiatrist-psychoanalyst in Lyon. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Physics Based on Confluences. Artificial Intelligence 24:7-83, 1984.  Didier Dubois and Henri Prade . Possibility Theory: An Approach to...in Design. PhD thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1982.  Rosenauer, N. and A.H. Willis . Kinematics of Mechanisms. Associated General
Kampschreur, L.M.; Wegdam-Blans, M.C.; Wever, P.C.; Renders, N.H.; Delsing, C.E.; Sprong, T.; Kasteren, M.E. van; Bijlmer, H.; Notermans, D.; Oosterheert, J.J.; Stals, F.S.; Nabuurs-Franssen, M.H.; Bleeker-Rovers, C.P.
Chronic Q fever, caused by Coxiella burnetii, has high mortality and morbidity rates if left untreated. Controversy about the diagnosis of this complex disease has emerged recently. We applied the guideline from the Dutch Q Fever Consensus Group and a set of diagnostic criteria proposed by Didier
Kampschreur, Linda M.; Wegdam-Blans, Marjolijn C. A.; Weyer, Peter C.; Renders, Nicole H. M.; Delsing, Corine E.; Sprong, Tom; van Kasteren, Marjo E. E.; BijImer, Henk; Notermans, Daan; Oosterheert, Jan Jelrik; Stals, Frans S.; Nabuurs-Franssen, Marrigje H.; Bleeker-Rovers, Chantal P.
Chronic Q fever, caused by Coxiella burnetii, has high mortality and morbidity rates if left untreated. Controversy about the diagnosis of this complex disease has emerged recently. We applied the guideline from the Dutch Q Fever Consensus Group and a set of diagnostic criteria proposed by Didier
Tamm, Marek, 1973-
Ka Pariisi rahvusvahelisest raamatumessist. Rets. rmt.: Genette, Gérard. Figures IV. S. l. : Seuil, 1999; Eribon, Didier. Arutlused gay-küsimusest. Pariis : Fayard, 1999. Eco, Umberto. Kant ja nokkloom. Pariis : Grasset, 1999 (prantsuse keeles, originaal itaalia k.: Milaano: Bompiani, 1997)
Development of a microsatellite primer set to investigate the genetic population structure of Armadillidium nasatum (Crustacea, Oniscidea). Séverine Masson, Cédric Faivre, Isabelle Giraud, Catherine Souty-Grosset, Richard Cordaux, Carine Delaunay,. Didier Bouchon and Nicolas Bech. J. Genet. 93, 545–549. Table 1.
Karu, Mihkel, 1983-
Laevmaja Hollandis Muggenbeet'is (arhitekt Arnoud Olie, 2004-2005), noore pere korter Pariisis (arhitektid Nicola ja Adelaide Marchi, 2005), loft house Nagoyas (Shinichi Ogawa & Associates, 2005), eksperimentaalne elamu Lucky Drops Tokyos (Atelire Tekuto + Masahiro Ikeda CO., LMT., 2005), galeriikorter Cafe Au Lit Pariisis (arhitektid Didier Fuzia Faustino, Pascal Mazoyer, Bureau des Mesarchitectures, 2005), Studio D Tokyos (Hiroyuki Arima + Urban Fourth, 2005)
Assessment of the genetic diversity conservation in three tall coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) accessions regenerated by controlled pollination, using microsatellite markers. Saraka Didier Martial Yao, Konan Jean Louis Konan, N'Da Désiré Pokou, Kouamé Jean Noel Konan, Auguste Emmanuel Issali, Raoul Sylvère Sie, Bi Irié ...
Tidjani, A. Didier. Vol 10, No 5 (2016) - Articles Performance et circuit de commercialisation des principaux produits agricoles des cuvettes oasiennes du département de Gouré (Niger) Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1997-342X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's ...
Tallinnas Tartu mnt. 6 avati Prantsuse firma Ligne Roset sisustussalong. 1890. a. asutatud firmast, mis alates aastast 1946 keskendus modernsele mööblile. Firma tooteid on aidanud kujundada disainerid Didier Gomez, Peter Malay, Pascal Mourgue ja vennad Bouroullec'd
Partial Contents: Manpower, Finance Minster, Fuel Price increases, Family Planning, Logistic Agency, Transmigration Target, Armed Forces, Military Equipment, Reforestation, Anthropologist, Cultural Influence, Medicine...
.... Historically, however, military involvement with anthropologists, the social scientists most focused on developing profound insights into foreign cultures, has ended in recriminations, especially...
Epidemiologists working together with anthropologists: lessons from a study to evaluate the epidemiological impact of a city-wide sanitation program Los epidemiólogos y antropólogos que trabajan juntos: lecciones de un estudio para evaluar el impacto epidemiológico de un programa de saneamiento urbano Epidemiologistas e antropólogos trabalhando juntos: lições de um estudo para avaliar o impacto epidemiológico de um programa de saneamento urbano
Mauricio L. Barreto
Full Text Available This paper discusses the role of qualitative approaches in epidemiological studies, beginning with a general discussion of epidemiological and anthropological methods. It focuses on a case study of the health impact of an environmental intervention carried out in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Most of the precedent studies fields, based on primary date, use to devote little attention to the methodological and theorethical questions attached to long-term studies. Four specific aspects of this experience are highlighted: (a drawing up epidemiological study; (b construction of an observational instrument to measure hygiene habits; (c an ethnographic study that was carried out before the epidemiological study; (d observation of the effects of health intervention on health inequalities. Finally, the report details how the findings of qualitative and quantitative studies might be synthesized. It provides a critical overview of follow-up strategies, illustrated with proper examples whenever possible.En este artículo se discute el papel de los enfoques cualitativos en los estudios epidemiológicos, comenzando con una discusión general de ambos métodos. Se centra en un estudio de caso sobre el impacto en la salud de una intervención ambiental en Salvador, Bahía, Brasil. La mayoría de los estudios en esta línea, que se deriven de la fuente principal de la investigación, aporta poca discusión sobre los aspectos metodológicos y teóricos que participan en estudios a largo plazo. Cuatro aspectos específicos de esta experiencia son especialmente prominentes: (a elaboración de cuestionarios para el estudio epidemiológico; (b la construcción de un instrumento para medir los hábitos de higiene de observación; (c un estudio etnográfico que precedió a la investigación epidemiológica; (d observación de los efectos de las intervenciones sanitarias sobre las desigualdades en salud. Por último, el estudio considera en detalle cómo los resultados de los estudios cualitativos y cuantitativos se pueden sintetizar. Proporciona una visión general y crítica de estrategias de seguimiento, ilustraciones siempre que sea posible, con ejemplos apropiados.Este artigo discute o papel das abordagens qualitativas em estudos epidemiológicos, começando com uma discussão geral de ambos os métodos. Centra-se em um estudo de caso sobre o impacto na saúde de uma intervenção ambiental em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. A maioria de estudos nesta linha, que derivam de pesquisas de fonte primária, traz pouca discussão sobre as questões metodológicas e teóricas envolvidas em estudos em longo prazo. Quatro aspectos específicos dessa experiência são especialmente destacados: (a elaboração de questionários para o estudo epidemiológico; (b construção de um instrumento observacional para medir os hábitos de higiene; (c um estudo etnográfico que antecedeu a pesquisa epidemiológica; (d observação dos efeitos da intervenção de saúde sobre as desigualdades de saúde. Finalmente, o estudo considera em detalhe como os resultados dos estudos qualitativos e quantitativos podem ser sintetizados. Ele fornece uma visão geral e crítica das estratégias de acompanhamento, ilustrada, sempre que possível, com exemplos apropriados.
The main economic activity in the area was subsistence farming augmented with ﬁshing and poaching. Many of the villagers also had riverside gardens ..... consequence of the anthropologist's work does not in reality create situations where risk and uncertainties increase extensively. The anthropologist would, I.
Those who would use anthropologists as spies are seen to act contrary to the cannons of scientific and or academic research. As more and more anthropologists find employment in government and the corporate world, the lines between academia and legitimate applied research become blurred. The purpose of this paper ...
This edited volume provides an introduction to the emerging field of design anthropology from the point of view of anthropologists engaging in its development. Contributors include young anthropologists with experience in the field and leading theoreticians, who combine to articulate the specific...
Items 1 - 8 of 8 ... African Anthropologist. African Anthropology is the journal of the Pan African Anthropological Association (PAAA). It provides a forum for African and Africanist anthropologists to publish research reports, articles, book reviews, news items and other useful information. It aims at stimulating the debate of ideas ...
Hunter, David E., Ed.; Whitten, Phillip, Ed.
Forty-seven articles comprise this reader designed for beginning college students and instructors in an introductory anthropology course. Original contributions from both anthropologists and non-anthropologists are reprinted. The readings, drawn primarily from the popular press but including some of the discipline's "classical" articles, are…
Boster, James S
Cognitive anthropology contributes to cognitive science as a complement to cognitive psychology. The chief threat to its survival has not been rejection by other cognitive scientists but by other cultural anthropologists. It will remain a part of cognitive science as long as cognitive anthropologists research, teach, and publish. Copyright © 2012 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
Examines aggression and violence from an interdisciplinary perspective. Humanistic psychologist Rollo May sees violence as the end product of power deprivation. Anthropologists Konrad Lorenz and Robert Ardrey regard aggression as an innate biological drive. Anthropologist Richard Leakey views it as a learned, culturally determined response.…
Sep 2, 2005 ... However, within the framework of consultancy there is a tremendous pressure on the anthropologist to contribute constructively to interdisciplinary teams and to try to provide realistic solutions to problems. Some anthropologists find consultancy teamwork difﬁcult because they are used to a solitary, ...
The concept of hope has, for the most part, been neglected by anthropologists. Recently, however, hope has been analyzed by two prominent anthropologists who view it either as a passive attitude or a future-oriented stance toward a good. My research in Moscow, Russia, suggests that hope is not so
Cancer graphic narratives, I argue, are part of a medical imaginary that includes representations of difference and biomedical technology that engage Fassin's (2009) concept of biolegitimacy. Framed in three parts, the argument first draws on discourses about cancer graphic narratives from graphic medicine scholars and authors to demonstrate a construction of universal suffering. Second, I examine tropes of hope and difference as a biotechnical embrace. Finally, I consider biosociality within the context of this imaginary and the construction of a meaningful life. Autobiographical graphic narrative as a creative genre that seeks to give voice to individual illness experiences in the context of biomedicine raises anthropological questions about the interplay between the ordinary and biolegitmate. Cancer graphic narratives deconstruct the big events to demonstrate the ordinary ways that a life constructed as different becomes valued through access to medical technologies. © 2014 by the American Anthropological Association.
Schou, Jannick; Hjelholt, Morten
of the moral values and norms of a given group in a given moment" (p. 365), we show how the digitalization of the Danish state has implied the invocation of particular normative claims as to the function, shape, and purpose of data-driven governance. Relying on archival research of policies, strategies......This paper provides a historical analysis of the different moral economies that have accompanied the digitalization of the Danish welfare state, one of the leading nations worldwide in terms of ICT adoption. Adopting Fassin's (2005) use of the term moral economy, understood as "the economy...... and public statements, the paper shows how the moral economy has changed significantly from the 1970s and up until the present. In the 1970-1980s, digitalization was mainly conceived as a way of improving the internal efficiency in the public sector. From the 1990s, digitalization was awarded a much more...
Sroka, E.; Haratyk, J.
Presented is a comparative evaluation of heating systems of coke ovens. The following systems are evaluated: Becker, Koppers-Becker, PK, Collin, DHK, Still, Koppers, Wilpute, Didier, Otto, Koksoprojekt, PTU-57, Giprokoks PWR, Nittetsu, Simon-Carves and the Didier I system. The following aspects of heating systems are analyzed: design of coke ovens, design of heating walls, materials used for construction of heating walls, position of flue channels, supply systems of gas to heating channels, combustion systems, calorific value of gas used for heating (natural gas, blast-furnace gas, producer gas etc.), effects of flue gas recirculation on heating efficiency, optimizing dimensions of heating walls and heating channels. Design of heating channels is shown in 7 schemes. (5 refs.) (In Polish)
Härm, Anders, 1977-
Näitusest "Expat-Art-Centre" Tallinna Kunstihoone fuajees, Ku fassaadil ja Ku-Ku kohvikus kuni 12. I. Näituse ja sellega kaasneva ajakirja on koostanud Mathieu Copeland, osalevad Brian Eno, Pierre Huyghe (sünd. 1962), Ben Kinmont, Claude Leveque (sünd. 1953), Didier Marcel, Olivier Mosset (sünd. 1933), Shimabuku (sünd. 1969), Dan Walsh (sünd. 1962), Ian Wilson (sünd. 1940)
All rights reserved. DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v9i2.27. Original Paper http://indexmedicus.afro.who.int. Effet de la teneur en protéines alimentaires sur la croissance de l'escargot terrestre Archachatina marginata (Swainson, 1821). Nygblé Angèle SIKA PIBA1, Mamadou KARAMOKO1*, Coffi Franck Didier ADOU2,.
19 mars 2014 ... Mathurin TCHATAT1, Samuel BOWONG2, Christian Gaël Nembot Fomba3, Siegfried Didier. DIBONG*(3,4,5). 1. Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement (IRAD), B.P. 2123 Yaoundé, Cameroun. 2. Département de Mathématique et Informatique, Faculté des Sciences, B.P. 812 Douala, ...
How legitimate may be the concern posed by the nanotechnologies for health and environment,this effort for reaching a better knowledge of the biotoxicity of nanomaterials is not enough. As Pr Didier Sicard noted, we believe that the ethical reflection should not be the good conscience that may help science in getting rid of social fears. But the ethical reflection is there also to discuss taboo issues in the perspective of a better societal understanding.
Catthoor, Kirsten; Feenstra, Dine J; Hutsebaut, Joost; Schrijvers, Didier; Sabbe, Bernard
Kirsten Catthoor,1,3 Dine J Feenstra,2 Joost Hutsebaut,2 Didier Schrijvers,3 Bernard Sabbe3 1Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatrisch Ziekenhuis Stuivenberg, ZNA Antwerpen, Antwerp, Belgium; 2Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders, Halsteren, the Netherlands; 3Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium Background: The aim of the study is to assess the severity of psychiatric stigma in a sample of personality disordered adol...
Membres du jury : Pierre Encrenaz (président), Vincent Coudé du Foresto, Pierre Léna, Pierre Barge (rapporteur), Didier Queloz (rapporteur), Alain Léger (examinateur); Thanks to radial velocity spectroscopy, over a hundred giant exoplanets around solar type stars have been discovered to date (2003). The limits of this technique motivate the use of other methods to obtain a full characterization of the known planets, to detect terrestrial size planets, and to expand our statistical knowledge o...
Le Masne, D.
The aim of this work is the characterization of the fracturation of a granitic formation by the examination of borehole environment. Two types of methods are used. Methods using one borehole only: well logging (electrical and nuclear). Didier logs (electric dipole-dipole), Eric probes (electromagnetic dipole-dipole) and methods between boreholes (grounding). These methods were applied to two boreholes of 500m and 1000 meters drilled into granite at Auriat (France)
19 13, when Didier Masson and bombardier Thomas J. Dean , both American nationals flying in a Glenn Martin Curtiss-type pusher, for Mexican...without landing, of approximately 60 miles, passing over the following points: starting from North Island, over Del Mar, La Mesa, Coronado Heights...days and nights.G Half of the enlisted personnel re- mained at Columbus to do this job while the rest moved, on 19 and 20 March, to Casas Grandes
Didier Lombard, metalworker in EST Division, has been crowned 'France's Top Craftsman'. It's the second time this prestigious title has been bestowed upon a CERN staff member. The reputation of CERN's craftsmanship outside the Laboratory just keeps on growing! For the second time in a row, a member of EST Division's Manufacturing Facilities Group has been named France's Top Craftsman. After Michel Caccioppoli in 1997, Didier Lombard has now taken his place on the roll of honour. This triennial competition seeks to honour workers and skilled craftspeople in two hundred different trades, from pastry-makers and painters to lacemakers and goldsmiths. To win the medal, competitors must produce an object on the basis of a compulsory specification. 3412 competitors entered this 21st edition of the contest, which covered the period 1997 to 2000. Only 846 of the original entrants eventually presented their work and in the end only 321 were honoured - just two in Didier Lombard's category, metalworking. To be fair, the...
Full Text Available ANTHROPOLOGY IN MEXICO HAS A LONGSTANDING TRAJECTORY OF PROFESSIONAL INVOLVEMENT, BOTH IN academia and public settings. In this essay we stress the work of those professionals of the discipline who work outside academic settings. We undertake the discussion starting from different perspectives expressed by Mexican anthropologists who have advanced contrasting views of anthropological work. We present information about current professional settings where anthropologists are employed in Mexico, stressing the growing diversity of these niches and the challenges that young anthropologists face.
Full Text Available This article analyzes the correspondence between the French anthropologist paul rivet (1876-1958, and the german anthropologist theodor Koch-grünberg (1872-1924 after the First World War. the letters illustrate how both anthropologists struggled to reactivate the scientifc exchange between the two nations which had been interrupted by the war. their interest in common research themes, which had always transcended their national borders, established a collaborative attempt to overcome hostility and further appreciate international discourses over national ideologies.
support systems, philosophy, politics, placebos, research, spirituality, surrogacy and almost 1 000 other concepts and terms. Included among the many contributors are doctors, lawyers, philosophers, theologians, economists, and anthropologists.
.... The arrangement of decaying organic matter may have been enough to generate a small fire. Conventional anthropologists argue that fire may have been first discovered in forest fires started by lightning, lava flows or other natural causes...
Christensen, Angi M; Crowder, Christian M
As issues of professional standards and error rates continue to be addressed in the courts, forensic anthropologists should be proactive by developing and adhering to professional standards of best practice. There has been recent increased awareness and interest in critically assessing some of the techniques used by forensic anthropologists, but issues such as validation, error rates, and professional standards have seldom been addressed. Here we explore the legal impetus for this trend and identify areas where we can improve regarding these issues. We also discuss the recent formation of a Scientific Working Group for Forensic Anthropology (SWGANTH), which was created with the purposes of encouraging discourse among anthropologists and developing and disseminating consensus guidelines for the practice of forensic anthropology. We believe it is possible and advisable for anthropologists to seek and espouse research and methodological techniques that meet higher standards to ensure quality and consistency in our field.
Jelínková, Dagmar; Gavrituchin, I. O.
-, č. 5 (2015), s. 27-34 ISSN 1608-9057 Institutional support: RVO:68081758 Keywords : Lubor Niederle * life and work * archaeologist * anthropologist * ethnographer Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology
African Anthropologist. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 10, No 2 (2003) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.
The article reviews the work of anthropologist R. Edgerton and his conception of sociocultural retardation. Edgerton's book, "The Cloak of Competence," which examines deinstitutionalization and stigma, is analyzed. A final section explores the meanings and causes of sociocultural retardation. (CL)
... University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice... objects in the possession of Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI. The... analysis. Dr. Robert Sundick, a physical anthropologist in the Anthropology Department at Western Michigan...
Full Text Available Humanity has had a long historical relationship with fire. According to anthropologists, the first humanoid species learned to use and control fire approximately two million years ago. Using fire and controlling fire, however, are dramatically...
Uurimustest Poola igapäevaelu kohta Nõukogude perioodil : Wedel, Janine. The private Poland : an anthropologist look at everyday life ; Dziğiel, Leszek. Paradise in a concrete cage : daily life in communist Poland. Krak̤w, 1998
Abstract The article presents the folklorist, essayist, journalist and anthropologist Edison Carneiro (1912-1972) and situates him among the "lineages" or intellectual affiliations in the context of studies on Afro-Brazilian religious groups. Describing the life of Edison Carneiro, his relationship with American anthropologist Ruth Landes and his participation in the folkloric movement, I look to situate Carneiro among the various intellectual trends found within the study of Afro-Brazilian r...
I will discuss the many unique lenses available to visual anthropological research and how a nuanced and differentiated view on them can be the key to understanding the complexity of the representations we, as visual anthropologist, are creating.......I will discuss the many unique lenses available to visual anthropological research and how a nuanced and differentiated view on them can be the key to understanding the complexity of the representations we, as visual anthropologist, are creating....
Victor Witter Turner (1920 – 1983), working with his wife Edith Turner, was an anthropologist deeply concerned with ritual both in tribal communities and in the contemporary developed world. His early fieldwork in African villages in the 1950s was typical of the career development of field anthropologists at that time. He developed a special interest in rituals, seeing these as social drama in addition to the religious expression of the sacred. He drew on the work of Arnold van Gennep (1960, ...
Krause-Jensen, Jakob; Wright, Susan
Anthropologists have studied organizations since the 1930s. In the 1980s, anthropologists' concepts of culture were instrumentalized by nonanthropologists to promote ‘organizational culture’ as a management tool. In subsequent decades, concern shifted to welding employees from different ‘national...... skills acquired and the concepts developed through the ethnographic encounter gives anthropology a unique voice in the study of cultural matters in organizations....
Mundorff, Amy Z
This paper will provide mass fatality emergency planners, police, medical examiners, coroners and other Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) personnel ways to integrate forensic anthropologists into DVI operations and demonstrate how anthropological contributions have improved DVI projects. In mass disaster situations, anthropologists have traditionally been limited to developing biological profiles from skeletal remains. Over the past decade, however, anthropologists' involvement in DVI has extended well beyond this traditional role as they have taken on increasingly diverse tasks and responsibilities. Anthropological involvement in DVI operations is often dictated by an incident's specific characteristics, particularly events involving extensive fragmentation, commingling, or other forms of compromised remains. This paper will provide examples from recent DVI incidents to illustrate the operational utility of anthropologists in the DVI context. The points where it is most beneficial to integrate anthropologists into the DVI process include: (1) during recovery at the disaster scene; (2) at the triage station as remains are brought into the mortuary; and (3) in conducting the reconciliation process. Particular attention will be paid to quality control and quality assurance measures anthropologists have developed and implemented for DVI projects. Overall, this paper will explain how anthropological expertise can be used to increase accuracy in DVI while reducing the project's cost and duration.
Cet article a pour but d’examiner la façon dont le positionnement idéologique des auteurs de roman noir de la fin du xxe siècle se manifeste dans les aspects stylistiques et structuraux du texte. En se basant en particulier sur les textes de Jean-Patrick Manchette, Didier Daeninckx et Dominique Manotti, il démontrera que le passage à l’écriture de ces auteurs ne peut être dissocié de leurs expériences politiques et militantes et que les mutations observables dans le polar à partir des années ...
Sroka, E.; Haratyk, J.
Basic types of coke ovens used in Poland and in foreign countries are described. Four coke oven types are compared: the Otto coke oven, the PTU coke oven, the Still coke oven and the Didier coke oven. Design of each coke oven is shown in a scheme. The following problems are discussed: use of loose coking mixtures and packed mixtures, distribution of flue channels in heating walls, design of burners for combustion of gases used for heating. Effects of design on heat distribution and fluctuations of heat distribution in heating walls are analyzed. Effects of heat fluctuation on fluctuations of coke properties and coke quality are described.
Diaz Olvera, Lourdes; Plat, Didier; Pochet, Pascal; Sahabana, Maïdadi
Référence électronique Lourdes Diaz Olvera, Didier Plat, Pascal Pochet et Maïdadi Sahabana , " Entre contraintes et innovation : évolutions de la mobilité quotidienne dans les villes d'Afrique subsaharienne ", Espace populations sociétés [En ligne] , 2010/2-3 | 2010 , mis en ligne le 31 décembre 2012, consulté le 12 septembre 2011. URL : http://eps.revues.org/index4206.html; Between Constraints and Innovation: Evolutions of Daily Mobility in Sub-Saharan African Cities. - Within a context of d...
CHAIRMAN Ousmane Sy, Minister of territorial administration and local institutions (Republic of Mali) SCIENTIFIC COORDINATORS Jérôme Marie (Paris 10 University) Pierre Morand (IRD) Hamady N’Djim (Consulting engineer) MEMBERS Jean-François Bélières (Cirad) Cheik Cissé (Consulting legal expert) Lassine Diarra (IER-CRRA) Almoustapha Fofana (DNH) Pierrick Givone (Cemagref) Housseini Maïga (DNH) Mamadou Kabirou N’Diaye (IER) Didier Orange (IRD) Pierre Sibiri Traoré (Icrisat/IER)
Bescond , Marc
Rapporteurs: Christophe DELERUE, IEMN-CNRS, Lille; Philippe DOLLFUS, IEF-CNRS, Orsay; Examinateurs: Asen ASENOV, Dev. Modelling Group, Univ. Glasgow; Martin STÄDELE, INFINEON, Münich; Michel LANNOO, L2MP-CNRS, Marseille (Directeur de thèse); Jean-Luc AUTRAN L2MP, Univ. Aix-Marseille I (Président du Jury); Invités: Jacques GAUTIER, CEA-LETI, Grenoble; Didier GOGUENHEIM, L2MP, ISEN-Toulon;; The agressive downscaling of the transistors leads to nanoscale devices in which quantum effects are incr...
To celebrate the 20th anniversary of Michel Mayor and Didier Quelozof's discovery of the first extrasolar planet, the University of Geneva is organising a lecture featuring the two astrophysicists | On the occasion of the centenary of General Relativity, NCCR SwissMAP together with the mathematics and physics departments of the University of Geneva is organising a series of 4 colloquia. Lecture in French. For more information, click here. Conferences in French (except on 24 November). For more information, click here.
Processus de formation et relations spatio-temporelles des minéralisations à or et argent en contexte volcanique Précambrien (Jbel Saghro, Anti-Atlas, Maroc). Implications sur les relations déformation-magmatisme-volcanisme-hydrothermalisme
Tuduri , Johann
M. Michel FAURE Professeur, Université d'Orléans Examinateur M. Didier MARQUER Professeur, Université de Besançon - Rapporteur M. Alain CHEILLETZ Professeur, ENSG-INPL, Vandoeuvre-lès Nancy - Rapporteur M. Alain CHAUVET Chargé de recherche CNRS, Montpellier - Directeur de thèse M. Luc BARBANSON Maître de Conférences, Université d'Orléans - Co-Directeur de thèse M. Aomar ENNACIRI - Directeur Service Géologie SMI - Examinateur; Within the Jbel Saghro (Eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco), two major tec...
The 5th edition of the "Monts Jura Jazz Festival" will take place at the Esplanade du Lac in Divonne-les-Bains, France on September 21 and 22. This festival organized by the CERN Jazz Club and supported by the CERN Staff Association is becoming a major musical event in the Geneva region. International Jazz artists like Didier Lockwood and David Reinhardt are part of this year outstanding program. Full program and e-tickets are available on the festival website. Don't miss this great festival!
ranking of fuzzy sets are Bortolan and Degani 1985, Kim and Park 1990, Dubois and Prade 1991, and Choobineh and Li 1993. Every ranking method...294, 1993. Dubois, Didier and Henri Prade . "On the ranking of ill-known values in possibility theory." Fuzzy Sets and Systems 43, pp. 311-317, 1991...Army Field Artillery Center & School I OLAC PIdTSTL ATN: ATSF-CO-MW, B. Willis (2 cps) ATTN: D. Shiplett Fort Sill, OK 73503-5600 Edwards AFB, CA
Full Text Available Une fois n’est pas coutume, ce sont cette fois deux types de blogs qui ont retenu l’attention du site du mois : le premier sur l’ univers de la culture fast-food , les seconds constituant une série sur les autoconstructeurs ( Didier et son chantier , puis Autoconstructeur dans la Drôme ainsi qu’ autoconstruction à St Prix — bien d’autres auraient pu être cités, mais le visiteur peut aisément glisser de liens en liens à partir de ces sites. Pavillons, MacDo et blog : ...
Rodríguez Sánchez, Juan Antonio
[ES] Obras reseñadas: John SCHEID, Marilyn NICOUD, Didier BOISSEUIL, Joël COSTE, dirs. Le thermalisme. Approches historiques et archéologiques d'un phénomène culturel et medical. Paris: CNRS Éditions; 2015 ; Carlos LARRINAGA, Balnearios guipuzcoanos, 1776-1901. Turismo de salud e inversión de capital en aguas minerales. Donostia: Real Sociedad Bascongada de los Amigos del País – Comisión de Gipuzkoa, 2014.
En este trabajo abordamos algunos aspectos de la relación existente entre discurso, homosexualidad masculina y vejez, a partir de testimonios obtenidos en entrevistas realizadas a varones homosexuales en situación de vejez. Tomamos como anclaje teórico para ello principalmente dos propuestas: la de Judith Butler, quien sostiene en Lenguaje, poder e identidad (1997), que es posible ser herido por el lenguaje, y la de Didier Eribon, quien postula en Reflexiones sobre la cuestión gay (2001) la c...
Kosciusko-Morizet, Nathalie; Reydellet, Daniel; Colliquet, David; Prevot, Henri; Bucaille, Alain; Sire, Didier; Mandil, Claude; Gressier, Claude; Mocilnikar, Antoine-Tristan; Lamy, Jean; Aladjidi, Gregoire
This special dossier 'Europe and energie' is made of 8 contributions dealing with: a federating policy (Daniel Reydellet); presentation of the dossier (David Colliquet); for a new European cooperation between free-organizing countries (Henri Prevot); Industrialists looking for a policy direction, interview of Alain Bucaille and Didier Sire; we must combine energy efficiency and diversification of energy sources (Claude Mandil); a European policy of 'sustainable' transports (Claude Gressier); a global answer to climate and energy questions (Antoine-Tristan Mocilnikar, Jean Lamy); a growing role for venture capital and entrepreneurs (Gregoire Aladjidi); more from the Internet
Agriculture remains a dangerous industry, even as agricultural science and technology continue to advance. Research that goes beyond technological changes to address safety culture and policy are needed to improve health and safety in agriculture. In this commentary, I consider the potential for anthropology to contribute to agricultural health and safety research by addressing three aims: (1) I briefly consider what the articles in this issue of the Journal of Agromedicine say about anthropologists in agricultural health and safety; (2) I discuss what anthropologists can add to agricultural health and safety research; and (3) I examine ways in which anthropologists can participate in agricultural health and safety research. In using their traditions of rigorous field research to understand how those working in agriculture perceive and interpret factors affecting occupational health and safety (their "emic" perspective), and translating this perspective to improve the understanding of occupational health professionals and policy makers (an "etic" perspective), anthropologists can expose myths that limit improvements in agricultural health and safety. Addressing significant questions, working with the most vulnerable agricultural communities, and being outside establishment agriculture provide anthropologists with the opportunity to improve health and safety policy and regulation in agriculture.
Geissler, P Wenzel; Kelly, Ann H; Manton, John; Prince, Ruth J; Tousignant, Noémi
How are publics of protection and care defined in African cities today? The effects of globalization and neo-liberal policies on urban space are well documented. From London to São Paulo, denationalization, privatization, offshoring and cuts in state expenditure are creating enclaves and exclusions, resulting in fragmented, stratified social geographies (see Caldeira 2000; Ong 2006; Harvey 2006; Murray 2011). 'Networked archipelagoes', islands connected by transnational circulations of capital, displace other spatial relations and imaginaries. Spaces of encompassment, especially, such as 'the nation' or simply 'society' as defined by inclusion within a whole, lose practical value and intellectual purchase as referents of citizenship (Gupta and Ferguson 2002; Ferguson 2005). In African cities, where humanitarian, experimental or market logics dominate the distribution of sanitation and healthcare, this fragmentation is particularly stark (see, for example, Redfield 2006, 2012; Fassin 2007; Bredeloup et al . 2008; Nguyen 2012). Privilege and crisis interrupt older contiguities, delineating spaces and times of exception. The 'public' of health is defined by survival or consumption, obscuring the human as bearer of civic rights and responsibilities, as inhabitants of 'objective' material worlds 'common to all of us' (Arendt 1958: 52). Is it possible, under these conditions, to enact and imagine public health as a project of citizens, animated in civic space?
The papers in this volume were presented at a conference entitled, 'Applications of Space-Age Technology in Anthropology,' held November 28, 1990, at NASA's Science and Technology Laboratory. One reason for this conference was to facilitate information exchange among a diverse group of anthropologists. Much of the research in anthropology that has made use of satellite image processing, geographical information systems, and global positioning systems has been known to only a small group of practitioners. A second reason for this conference was to promote scientific dialogue between anthropologists and professionals outside of anthropology. It is certain that both the development and proper application of new technologies will only result from greater cooperation between technicians and 'end-users.' Anthropologists can provide many useful applications to justify the costs of new technological development.
Full Text Available These research notes concern what anthropologists currently do, and can do, with stories. Although pleas for narrative have become increasingly widespread in contemporary anthropology, an anthropologist of storytelling cannot but recognise that all anthropological production is to a certain extent a story. A question ensues: what kind of story is an ethnography? These research notes propose an answer by providing, first, a working definition of story tailored to this specific purpose. Secondly, they propound a brief illustration of the three main thematic interests of the anthropology of storytelling: the relational dynamics between the people involved in the storytelling situation; the content of the story, and the storytelling techniques. Thirdly, these aspects are examined in order to claim that an anthropology of storytelling among contemporary anthropologists is a necessary condition to respond concretely to the above-mentioned plea for narrative.
For many scholars, the Cartesian mind/body split is one of the fundamental mistakes of the Western scientific tradition. Anthropologists who study notions of the body in cultures around the world regularly take Descartes as their point of departure. Many also suggest that breaking free from Descartes is politically liberating: if the mindful body could be rediscovered, society could move away from its materialist, positivist, and commodity-fetishizing ways. Beyond the Body Proper is anthropology's best and most comprehensive anti-Cartesian manifesto to date. This volume brings together some of the finest studies on the cultural and historical diversity of bodies and minds. Yet anthropologists' blanket rejection of the mind/body dualism seems politically self-defeating. If anthropologists want to criticize racism, gender hierarchies, or discrimination against disabled people, they need to believe that the mind is independent from the body. In other words, they need to uphold the Cartesian split.
El texto originalmente apareció bajo el título "Form and variation in a balinese village structure", en American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 61, N° 6 (Diciembre de 1959), pp. 991-1012. Agradecemos a American Anthropologist por la autorización a publicar esta traducción. Elegimos traducir y editar este texto de Clifford Geertz en la RMA, por considerarlo una pieza clave para los debates de la “era estructuralista”, por sus cualidades intrínsecas y su trascendencia para la teoría – etnogra...
Krause-Jensen, Jakob; Wright, Susan
Anthropologists have studied organizations since the 1930s. In the 1980s, anthropologists' concepts of culture were instrumentalized by nonanthropologists to promote ‘organizational culture’ as a management tool. In subsequent decades, concern shifted to welding employees from different ‘national...... cultures’ into transnational corporations and organizations concerned with international governance. In such organizations, anthropology graduates are increasingly employed as ‘cultural experts.’ We track the anthropological research on organizational culture and argue that the sensibilities and analytical...... skills acquired and the concepts developed through the ethnographic encounter gives anthropology a unique voice in the study of cultural matters in organizations....
Sachs Collopy, Peter
In 1962, anthropologist Carleton Coon argued in The Origin of Races that some human races had evolved further than others. Among his most vocal critics were geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky and anthropologist Ashley Montagu, each of whom had known Coon for decades. I use this episode, and the long relationships between scientists that preceded it, to argue that scientific research on race was intertwined not only with political projects to conserve or reform race relations, but also with the relationships scientists shared as colleagues. Demarcation between science and pseudoscience, between legitimate research and scientific racism, involved emotional as well as intellectual labor. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Souza, Vanderlei Sebastião de
The article analyzes Brazilian anthropologist Edgard Roquette-Pinto's participation in the international debate that involved the field of physical anthropology and discussions on miscegenation in the first decades of the twentieth century. Special focus is on his readings and interpretations of a group of US anthropologists and eugenicists and his controversies with them, including Charles Davenport, Madison Grant, and Franz Boas. The article explores the various ways in which Roquette-Pinto interpreted and incorporated their ideas and how his anthropological interpretations took on new meanings when they moved beyond Brazil's borders.
Born and raised in the Orkney Islands, Dr John Rae joined the Hudson's Bay Company and rose to be Chief Factor. Unusually tough and intelligent, he explored much of northern Canada, mapping the north eastern shore and finding controversial evidence of the lost Franklin expedition of 1845. A talented botanist, geologist, anthropologist and cartographer, he was northern Canada's most distinguished explorer.
Ianni, Francis A. J., Ed.; Storey, Edward, Ed.
The recent activity of anthropologists whose primary interest are in education and of educators whose orientation is anthropological suggests this division of labor: The first division, "anthropology and education," is the most expansive and the least specific. A second, "anthropology in education," concerns the anthropological presence, whether…
Andrea Mubi Brighenti
Full Text Available In a fascinating ethnography conducted in the 1970s among the Beaver Indians, a hunting tribe of the Northwestern territories and British Columbia, Canada – who hunt and fish animals such as the moose, the caribou and the rainbow trout – the anthropologist Hughes Brody (1998 describes a remarkable hunting practice.
Segelström, Fabian; Holmlid, Stefan
Design ethnography is the appropriation of ethnography for the purposes of informing design. This paper investigates the effects of these appropriations, through a comparative study of how designers and anthropologists approach the same field site and by a review of new techniques introduced by designers to do ethnography. The techniques reviewed…
O'Connor, Brendan H.; Mangual Figueroa, Ariana
The authors consider the implications of speaking out and remaining silent in the aftermath of the 2016 U.S. presidential election. They reflect on the forms of speech available to and expected of educators and educational anthropologists in order to raise questions about whose voices are heard or ignored in the current public discourse. Drawing…
As a linguistic anthropologist, Goodwin elaborates a conceptual and methodological framework to describe the organization of human activities and conducts. The central notion of « co-operation » accounts for what is at stake in ordinary conversation as well as in professional practices, cultural...
... anthropologist, under contract to the Bureau of Reclamation. The assessment included research to find the current... elements of the same individual were separated and sent to multiple locations. Between 1957 and sometime... transferred all remaining skeletal elements (4, 5A, 5B, and 6) to Seattle University, Seattle, WA. In January...
Gomez, A. M.; Rothman, J. M.; Petrželková, Klára Judita; Yeoman, C. J.; Vlčková, K.; Umana, J. D.; Carr, M.; Modrý, D.; Tod, A.; Nelson, K.; Stumpf, R. M.; Wilson, B. A.; White, B. A.; Leigh, S. R.
Roč. 156, č. 60 (2015), s. 149 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /84./. 25.03.2015-28.03.2015, St Louis] Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : wild primates * human evolution Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology
In 1921, the Greenlandic anthropologist Knud Rasmussen set out to travel twenty thousand miles by dog team across Inuit Nunaat--the Inuit homeland. During this three-year journey--the famous Fifth Thule Expedition--Rasmussen was struck by the similarities in the language and culture of Inuit communities across the entire Arctic. Considering the…
Spurling, Norman Kent
Research was conducted on information needs and bibliographic problems of anthropologists at Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Sixty-four faculty members and graduate students were surveyed, and twenty faculty members were interviewed. Many areas of information retrieval problems and the different ways…
Gewald, J.B.; LeBeau, D.; Gordon, R.J.
This chapter reviews the history of anthropology in Namibia, focusing on the work of Guenther Kurt F. Wagner, who was appointed as Assistant Government Anthropologist for South West Africa in 1949. Wagner's unpublished work, 'Ethnographic survey of the Windhoek district' (1951), shows that Windhoek
Anthropologists are known to work in contexts wider than academic settings, actively engaging with people from other disciplines and professions. The lecturers in the Fashion Institute where we presently work are challenged to integrate the practical knowledge and skills originating from the fashion
The author of this article, a developmental anthropologist, illustrates how the instructor can use ethnographic films to enhance the study of anthropology and override notions about the scope and efficacy of Western intervention in the Third World, provided the instructor places such films in their proper historical and cultural context. He…
Jul 3, 2014 ... physical anthropologists because of the impact of nutritional status, physical activity, disease, environment and ... and longitudinal growth patterns (17). However, very few studies have reported on body- ..... prior to the onset of sexual maturation (1,2,7). The continuation of poor upper-arm composition and.
Geschiere, P.; Wright, J.D.
Till far into the twentieth century two nodal points in the study of witchcraft stood out: the work by historians on witch trials in early modern Europe, and anthropologists' studies of its role in local tensions in Africa and Melanesia. The differences between the two settings were so glaring that
Vyas, D. N.; Černý, Viktor; Al-Meeri, A.; Mulligan, C. J.
Roč. 147, suppl. 54 (2012), s. 295 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American-Association of Physical Anthropologists /81./. 11.04.2012-14.04.2012, Portland] Institutional support: RVO:67985912 Keywords : archaeogenetics * Yemen Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology
Vyas, D. N.; Kitchen, A.; Černý, Viktor; Al-Meeri, A.; Mulligan, C. J.
Roč. 150, suppl. 56 (2013), s. 281 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American-Association of Physical Anthropologists /82./. 09.04.2013-13.04.2013, Knoxville] Institutional support: RVO:67985912 Keywords : archaeogenetics * Yemen Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology
of culture within development discourse. Attempts at linking culture to development are often limited to mainstreaming investments in cultural heritage and the living arts. This is probably why Hawkes. 38. Ako "Challenges to Sustainable Development" 11. 39. In 1952, cultural anthropologists, Kroeber and Kluckhohn Culture, ...
We are interested in the organismal phenotype and the quantitative assessment of its variations of form. Even though the anthropologist who talks about differences in form refers mainly to human or primate shape variation, the methodological concerns are worth sharing more widely with the general readership of this ...
Jensen, Niels Holm; Petersen, Michael Bang; Høgh-Olesen, Henrik
In recent years, evolutionary psychologists and anthropologists have debated whether ethnic markers have evolved to solve adaptive problems related to interpersonal coordination or to interpersonal cooperation. In the present study, we add to this debate by exploring how individuals living...... speakers. Taken together, the results suggest that humans utilize ethnic markers of unfamiliar individuals to coordinate behavior rather than to cooperate....
This paper considers the issues and options in creating orthographies for languages without alphabetic traditions. In particular, it looks at issues that face linguists and anthropologists in creating such orthographies for preliminary descriptive work on a language. It is often the case that these orthographies by linguistic ...
out." Through time the economic base becomes gradually more limited (Cleland 1976:66). The introduction of maize and beans from MesoAmerica , and the...Randon House, Chicago. Sanders, William T. 1962 Cultural ecology of nuclear Mesoamerica . American Anthropologist 64:34-44. Saucier, Roger T. 1981 Current
L. Sawahata (Lesa); J. Whittern (Justine)
markdownabstract#### Connecting as a cultural imperative (Karen Stephenson) Before developing any strategy for social media, it is essential to understand the fundamentals of why it is humans need to connect and network with one another. Karen Stephenson, a corporate anthropologist, provides the
Apaza, Julio Tumiri, Ed.
For some time the Aymara and Quechua Indians have been adopting resolutions and submitting them to the relevant authorities. Compiled by the Centro de Coordinacion y Promocion Campesina "Mink'A" for consideration by the "First Meeting of Anthropologists in the Andean Region" held in September 1975, this document gives a general…
Kuiper, Yme; Borghuis, M. G.M.; Kuiper, Y.B.; Papousek, D.A.
Already in the 1950s the British anthropologist Evans-Pritchard saw anthropology as being closer to history than to the natural sciences. Since the 1970s the rapprochement between history and anthropology became evident, especially in the UK, USA and France. How about the Netherlands? Here the works
José Eustáquio Ribeiro
Full Text Available This article aims to make a discussion on the theoretical concept of “three times in history” established and widely used by French historian Fernand Braudel. To that end, seeks to recover the dialogue established with the controversial anthropologist Claude Levis-Strauss.
This article canvassed Greek and Roman sources for discussions concerning truth talk and lies. It has investigated what social historians and/or anthropologists are saying about truth talking and lying and has developed a model that will examine the issue of truth and lying in socio-religious terms as defined by the ...
Sunier, J.T.; de Witte, M.; de Koning, M.J.M.
This special issue brings together anthropologists in the field of religion with the aim of exploring the aesthetic dimensions of authority in religious leadership.Taking aesthetics to refer to the range of sensory forms and experiences that shape the relation between religious practitioners and
This article argues that a culturally approved style of nonverbal parent-infant interaction influences the unfolding parent-child relationship and the child's social development. The author, an anthropologist, compares parenting styles in the "low-contact" culture of the United States with parenting in the "high-contact"…
Robinson, C. A. J.; Remis, M. J.; Petrželková, Klára Judita; Hůzová, Z.
Roč. 153, S58 (2014), s. 154 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /83./. 08.04.2014-12.04.2014, Calgary] Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Subject RIV: FN - Epidemiology, Contagious Diseases ; Clinical Immunology
Pesavento, Wilma J.
This is a report on the relationship of North American Indian athletic games to ceremonies. Data for this investigation were researched from 48 "Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution" published from 1881 to 1933, and the 84 volumes of the "American Anthropologist" published from 1888 to 1974. Observational…
Boon, James A.
Compares various research techniques used by anthropologists and historians to explain the past and to provide insights into other cultures. Employs examples from various historical periods and cultural studies (particularly the enlightenment) to show that uniform, unmediated objectivity across cultures is neither necessary nor desirable. (DB)
Hymes, Dell H.
The term "educational ethnology" suggests an anthropological approach to schools. This research approach would be cumulative with regard to individual schools, would compare similarities and differences among schools, would entail the mutual participation of anthropologists and members of the schools studied, and could remedy limitations of much…
Pesavento, Wilma J.
This is a report on the motives of North American Indians in holding their athletic games. Data were researched from "Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology" published between 1881 and 1933. Anthropologists, artifact collectors, artist-writers, and historians provided primary evidential sources for athletic game motivation.…
Park, Ji Yong
Accepting the fact that culture and language are interrelated in second language learning (SLL), the web sites should be designed to integrate with the cultural aspects. Yet many SLL web sites fail to integrate with the cultural aspects and/or focus on language acquisition only. This study identified three issues: (1) anthropologists'…
Full Text Available This article is a literature study explain about the study of food, food habits and nutrition in the Anthropology perspective. The food and nutrition studies reviewed in this article only suggests some examples, which are considered popular and represent the themes in food discussion. The discussion starts from the beginning of anthropologist interest about food in culture until the process it.
The present book is no ordinary anthology, but rather a workroom in which anthropologists and philosophers initiate a dialogue on trust and hope, two important topics for both fields of study. The book combines work between scholars from different universities in the U.S. and Denmark. Thus, besid......, therefore, also inspire others to work in the productive intersection between anthropology and philosophy....
Although nonrepresentational theory has enriched anthropologists' understanding of affect in social and cultural life, it has a short history in education research, where representational paradigms dominate. This article develops nonrepresentational theories of moments, temporal textures, and affective pedagogies in order to evoke affects of…
The power of language to reflect culture and influence thinking was first proposed by an American linguist and anthropologist, Edward Sapir (1884-1939) and his student, Benjamin Whorf (1897-1941). The Saphir-Whorf hypothesis stated that the way we think and view the world is determined by our language. This theory ...
Decency would suggest that people should be allowed to bury their own dead. But, with the help of a climate of racial intimidation, modern Indian tribes, backed by the federal government, asserted exclusive ownership of everything before Columbus. Glynn Custred remembers a stalwart anthropologist who cried foul and preserved the knowledge of our…
Ochs, Elinor; Shohet, Merav
Two anthropologists treat mealtimes as cultural sites for socializing children into commensality, communicative expectations, and the symbolic, moral, and sentimental meanings of food and eating. Using ethnographic evidence, they indicate how mealtime comportment is embedded in practices and ideologies relevant to children's competent membership…
Susan Charnley; Melissa R. Poe; Alan A. Ager; Thomas A. Spies; Emily K. Platt; Keith A. Olsen
Disasters result from hazards affecting vulnerable people. Most disasters research by anthropologists focuses on vulnerability; this article focuses on natural hazards. We use the case of wildfire mitigation on United States Forest Service lands in the northwestern United States to examine social, political, and economic variables at multiple scales that influence fire...
Bialostok, Steve; Whitman, Robert
Many current literacy campaigns intended for indigenous peoples in Third World countries are reconceptualizations of earlier colonial projects and conform to the needs of late-modern capitalism. Early anthropology may have influenced the discourses surrounding literacy, but current anthropologists have charted important cultural and linguistic…
The mobility of rugby professionals from Tonga to Japan and points beyond poses new questions about the role of the body as a mediator between the subjective and the objective, which anthropologists and other social scientists have generally examined within the confines of specific societies.
van der Sijpt, E.
Over the last few decades, anthropologists interested in reproduction have increasingly focused on the relationship between women’s (limited) reproductive agency and (bio)political forces such as patriarchy, medicine, the state, and the global political economy. In their quest for understanding
researchers, cognitive psychologists, anthropologists and theoretical biologists are reexamining the broader explanations for behaviour and evolution, such as the ... We may find also some stimulus from recognizing the earlier viewpoints of western ecology and the talented use to which they were put by Imanishi. 2.
Kuiper, Yme; Bakker, Jan Willem; Miedema, Jelle
Clifford Geertz (*1926) is one of the most influential anthropologists of his generation. His most famous monographs and collection of essays are The Religion of Java, Agricultural Involution, Islam Observed, The Interpretation of Cultures, Local Knowledge, Negara: The Balinese Theatre State in
This article puts forward an experiential teaching method for becoming aware of, getting access to, and giving meaning to the sensory experiences that constitute and shape learning processes during social anthropological fieldwork. While social anthropologists use all their senses in the field, the preparation and processing of fieldwork are…
theatre , and then to (b) continue to learn and become progressively more culturally agile over time. This report provides information and... anthropological fieldwork is inductive, done from the ground up. Meaning is established as the result of interactions between the anthropologist investigator...literature on anthropological discovery techniques which covers the tools and 12 approaches mentioned here (see, for example, Bernard, 2002; Epstein
Apr 3, 1984 ... Madagascar environmental challenges, the strategies that could be invoked to ... serves” and “national parks”, which formed the backbone of the protected ... The American anthropologist John Buettner-Janusch brought lemurs back to Yale. University to study in the 1960s and later founded the Duke Prim-.
Youssef, Sayed Mohammed
William Golding has been identified as a nonconformist whose opinions always go contrary to what is customarily accepted or established. This is shown in all his novels, more specifically "The Inheritors", in which he defies long established opinions held by anthropologists, historians, archaeologists as well as many others about the…
Guilherme, Alexandre; Morgan, W. J.; Freire, Ida
Gilberto Freyre, the great Brazilian historian and sociologist, described Brazil as a "racial paradise", a place where different races and nationalities have come to live together in a sort of "racial democracy". The literature on this topic has become extensive as anthropologists, social scientists and historians felt the need…
... knee height (49.82cm vs 47.05cm) and arm length (38.93cm vs36.63cm) than Okpes. Overall, sexual dimorphism was observed in the ethnic groups, with males showing higher values than females (p<0.05). This data is recommended to anthropologists, forensic experts' geneticists and medical practitioners who may find ...
Presents an activity for students to determine the sex and age of an individual from a collection of bones. Simulates some of the actual procedures conducted in a forensic anthropologist's lab, examining and identifying bones through a series of lab activities. (Author/ASK)
Steadman, Dawnie Wolfe; Adams, Bradley J; Konigsberg, Lyle W
Forensic scientists are often expected to present the likelihood of DNA identifications in US courts based on comparative population data, yet forensic anthropologists tend not to quantify the strength of an osteological identification. Because forensic anthropologists are trained first and foremost as physical anthropologists, they emphasize estimation problems at the expense of evidentiary problems, but this approach must be reexamined. In this paper, the statistical bases for presenting osteological and dental evidence are outlined, using a forensic case as a motivating example. A brief overview of Bayesian statistics is provided, and methods to calculate likelihood ratios for five aspects of the biological profile are demonstrated. This paper emphasizes the definition of appropriate reference samples and of the "population at large," and points out the conceptual differences between them. Several databases are introduced for both reference information and to characterize the "population at large," and new data are compiled to calculate the frequency of specific characters, such as age or fractures, within the "population at large." Despite small individual likelihood ratios for age, sex, and stature in the case example, the power of this approach is that, assuming each likelihood ratio is independent, the product rule can be applied. In this particular example, it is over three million times more likely to obtain the observed osteological and dental data if the identification is correct than if the identification is incorrect. This likelihood ratio is a convincing statistic that can support the forensic anthropologist's opinion on personal identity in court. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Charlier, P.; Poupon, J.; Eb, A.
such as a cadaver X of carbonised aspect: forensic anthropologist, medical examiners, pathologists, geneticists, radiologist, biochemists, palynologists, zoologist and archaeologist. Materials, methods and results of this study are presented here. This study aims to offer an exploitable methodology for the modern...
Blau, Soren; Briggs, Christopher A
This paper briefly describes Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) and reviews the history of the use of forensic anthropology in the identification process. The potential contributions made by forensic anthropology are illustrated through the presentation of a case study. In February 2009 the state of Victoria in south-eastern Australia experienced the most devastating bushfires in its history, resulting in catastrophic loss of life and public and private property. Within 48h of the disaster, forensic teams including pathologists, odontologists and anthropologists assembled at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine in Melbourne to begin the task of identifying the deceased. This paper reviews the part played by forensic anthropologists in the identification process and outlines the important contribution anthropologists can make to DVI, especially at the scene, in the mortuary and in the reconciliation process. The anthropologist's experience with differentially preserved human remains meant they played an important role identifying and recovering heavily fragmentary human skeletal remains, differentiating human from non-human remains, establishing basic biological information such as the sex and age of the individuals and confirming or denying the possibility of re-associating body parts for release to families. Crown Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bynum, Gregory Lewis
The philosophical anthropologist Dorothy Dinnerstein, in her 1976 work "The Mermaid and the Minotaur: Sexual Arrangements and Human Malaise," argued that in order for us to address the excesses of male-dominated rule in society (militarism, rapacious consumerism), we must attack the root cause of patriarchy--women's domination of early…
Low, Setha M.
This paper describes two research projects in the anthropology of landscape architecture design which show that "professional culture" restrictions often prevent anthropologists from putting their theories into practice. The first research project grew out of the author's assumption that landscape architecture students were not producing…
Most sociologists, anthropologists and scholars with backgrounds different from the Islamic tradition had written off martyrdom as parallel to suicide. However, the concept of martyrdom in Islam is associated with an all-inclusive effort to make the word of Allah supreme on the surface of the earth. The adoption of suicide ...
Between the turn of the twentieth century and the "Brown v. Board of Education" decision in 1954, the way that American schools taught about "race" changed dramatically. This transformation was engineered by the nation's most prominent anthropologists, including Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Margaret Mead, during World War II.…
Cho, Moon-Heum; Convertino, Christina; Khourey-Bowers, Claudia
The purpose of this study was to develop an innovative addition to the curriculum to help preservice teachers cultivate an understanding of poverty. Using technology, an interdisciplinary team created two online learning modules entitled Teacher as Learning Facilitator and Teacher as Anthropologist. Preservice teachers valued the newly developed…
Many scholars have classified Kiswahili as a member of Niger-Congo family based on the genealogical classification of Bantu languages. This system determines languages genetic relatedness by use of lexicostatistics (Schadeber, 1986). For years, this classification system has guided linguists and anthropologists to ...
Henle, Paul, Ed.
This book presents a collection of essays intended for an integrated study of language by anthropologists, literary critics, philosophers, psychologists, sociologists, and linguists. There is first a discussion of theories concerning the interrelationship of language, thought, and culture. This is followed by a discussion of the development of…
This Omnibus brings together three classic works of the renowned sociologist and anthropologist, Jan Breman. It comprises Of Peasants, Migrants and Paupers (1985), Wage Hunters and Gatherers (1994), and The Labouring Poor in India (2003), reflecting his scholarship over a period of three decades.
In this article, I explore a particular category of young women within local systems of exchange as well as within a transnational urban landscape of intimate transactions. What curtidoras in Maputo elucidate and what anthropologists perhaps have not sufficiently understood about transactional se...
of such efforts, namely Sherry Turkle’s recent work on care robots and other new technologies that mediate human relationships. I move on to suggest that with Latour’s notion of delegation, such mediation appears less alien. In order to develop further the consequences of Latour’s techno-anthropologist moves, I...
1978-01-01The study refers to the Wolof of Saloum, Senegal. Its aim was to examine which factors had induced change in rural stratification, co-operation and cohesion. Their significance for administration of rural development was studied. Views of historians and anthropologists are discussed.
Schur, Joan Brodsky
Demonstrates how introducing students to African literature can appeal to their imaginations and encourage them to develop their insights into African culture. Outlines the procedures in a middle school class where the students are transformed into anthropologists as they read Chinua Achebe's, "Things Fall Apart." (MJP)
Results 8121 - 8130 of 8491 ... Politique sociale en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre. The author, Hamadou Konate is a native of Mali and a philosopher and medical anthropologist. He has participated in numerous studies (often as research director) on primary healthcare and children at risk in West and Central Africa.
Since the events of September 11, 2001, the role of religion in modern political life, and its implication with “terrorism”, has come under scrutiny. In particular, this discussion has relied on a distinction between Islam and a secular modern West. This article revisits an important debate between two eminent anthropologists of ...
being labeled a witch opens them to manipulation. This fear and the awareness of fear cut across all .... Mbiti (1990:197) argued, that “whatever reality there is concerning witchcraft in the broad and popular sense of the term, ... anthropologists should believe in the reality of witchcraft. Winter (1963), who was regarded as an ...
Miller, Patrick W.
Ralph Waldo Emerson and Mae West would seem to have little in common, but there is one thing they both understood--the importance of body language. Educators, psychologists, anthropologists and sociologists define body language or nonverbal communication as communication without words. It includes overt behaviors such as facial expressions, eye…
celle qui me para&t presenter avec la-plus grande analogie~l’homme de Chancelade est celle des Esquimaux." Most anthropologists agreed with Testut’s con...coef- ficient computed from a bivariate normal sample, introduced his method of geometrical argument in Euclidean hyperspace . However much this method
Florez-Morris, Mauricio; Tafur, Irene
Video production has come into widespread use in various fields of social science. Visual anthropologists (Pink 2006), psychologists (Webster and Sell 2007), historians (Ferro 2000), and visual sociologists (Newman 2006) have used films and videos to document, to preserve, and to analyze social data. There is no reason to think that the use of…
Landscapes of the dead are always, simultaneously, landscapes of the living. It is this coterminousness of life and death that gives the burial site its salience and emotional power. Different societies, at different times, renegotiate the relationship between what anthropologists call 'life space\\' and 'burial space\\', depending on ...
Rice, Patricia C.
Describes a hands-on project in which anthropology students play the role of professional physical anthropologist in collecting and analyzing data on a small group of contemporary humans. Use of simulated data to represent ancestral populations results in an analysis of microevolution. (KH)
Hahonou, Eric Komlavi; Lecocq, Baz
and the contemporary in order to understand the dynamics of emancipation in the past and the present. It is therefore fitting that this issue brings together historians applying anthropological fieldwork, as well as anthropologists applying historical archive research in a variety of cases from both West and East...
Mukhopadhyay, Carol; Henze, Rosemary C.
Drawing on work of contemporary biological anthropologists and other scientists, argues that biologically based racial differences are not scientifically valid, but are instead socially constructed categories. Draws implications for teachers, students, and society. Provides suggestions and resources for teachers and students to learn more about…
Watson-Gegeo, Karen Ann
Through poetry and strips of narrative, this paper discusses the embodied experience of chemical sensitivity and the anthropologist author's and other patients' journey through altered perception towards knowledge, community and transformation in the context of a medical clinic. The narratives are situated in several strands of relevant theory,…
This work examines how the discourse of naming, specifically terms selected, stipulatively defined and applied by Western colonialists and early Western anthropologists, continue to sustain ambivalent attitudes towards the African heritage. It analyses the way in which the popular term and prefix 'traditional' is used in Africa ...
Fletcher, Alice C.
This volume describes and gives instructions for Native American dances and games as gathered by, and in some cases adapted by, an anthropologist working among native peoples at the beginning of the 20th Century. Part I contains dances and songs. The first is called "The Life of the Corn," a drama in five dances. Also included are three…
Berendzen, R. (Editor)
A symposium is reported on the implications of the possibility of extraterrestrial life for social, philosophical, and humanistic impacts. The viewpoints from astronomers, biologists, physicists, anthropologists, and theologians are given. Costs involved for finding this life are discussed along with the possible benefits to society. The direct implications from radio telescopes, the Pioneer 10 plaque, and discussions between the panelists are also reported.
Van Boeijen, A.G.C.
This paper answers the question, how the dimensions that have been developed by anthropologists to typify cultures, can support designers in user-centred design processes. An analysis and evaluation of the use of cultural dimensions in design projects was performed. Although many of the dimensions
to date of Malawi orature, follows this new trend in a welcome and refreshing manner. Land of Fire is the work of two distinguished scholars who have worked in Malawi for a long time: Dr. Schof feleers, a social anthropologist, now. Professor of Religious Anthropology at the Free University of Amsterdam, and Dr. Roscoe, ...
Fuchs, Susanne; Lancia, Leonardo
Purpose: As the famous linguist and anthropologist C. Hockett noted about 30 years ago, "What one sees of language, as of anything, depends on the angle of view, and different explorers approach from different directions. Unfortunately, sometimes they become so enamored of their particular approach that they incline to scoff at any other, so…
van Ginkel, R.
In the 1970s and early 1980s, several maritime anthropologists and sociologists pointed out that for a number of economic, social and psychological reasons, the performance of commercial fishing firms based on kin-based capital and labour was highly adaptive. For this reason, most crews in the North
"Language death" is an undeniable phenomenon of our modern times as languages have started to disappear at an alarming rate. This has led linguists, anthropologists, philosophers and educationists to engage with this issue at various levels in an attempt to try to understand the decline in this rich area of human communication and…
This paper is based on the anthropological investigation into ethno-healing practices among two tribes, namely Gond and Halba, in six forest villages of the Kanker district, Chhattisgarh, India. A team of two social anthropologists and one ethnobotanist camped in these villages for three months and conducted the ...
Ph.D. (1930, Berlin). This renowned anthropologist was the Head of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Deccan College. She presided over the Anthropology division of the National Science Congress in 1947. She wrote extensively on a wide variety of academic subjects and otherwise. Her writings include ...
Fundamentally, it is that social anthropologists have added significantly to our understanding of the basic social and cultural institutions which, everywhere, bind human beings into living communities (Beattie, 1980). And many of the citizens of Nigeria including that of highly advanced modern states today think of people of ...
The African Anthropologist, Vol. 19, Nos 1&2, 2012. Résumé. Les études relatives aux LGBT au Kenya sont impopulaires car elles sont considérées comme une « zone ... and a bride price is paid. These autonomous female husbands are accepted as men in male economic roles. This dual-female marriage was economic,.
It has often been suggested by Evolutionary Psychologists and Anthropologists that since a first born is 'an only child' before another sibling is born parents heavily invest in their first born child (Dunbar & Barrett, 2007). This is because the child is looked upon as one who will carry on their family genes to the next generation ...
end of the 1980s, the discipline witnessed a surge in interest. It is against this background that a group ... tural diversity gives a sense of purpose to the work of anthropologists whose discipline has always attempted ... taking, the essays published in this volume revisited the very nature of the discipline and the challenges it ...
S.K. Manickam (Sandra); E. Govor (Elena)
markdownabstractThis article presents a critical overview of the newly translated diary of Russian anthropologist Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay's expedition to the Malay Peninsula(November 1874 – October 1875) to study its indigenous peoples, today known as Orang Asli. At the forefront of modern
Dec 17, 2013 ... immigration from outside Sudan that catalysed the society's movement forward and consequently conferred upon it a new historical identity, i.e. Arabic language, culture and genealogy. Following the example set by a number of archaeologists, anthropologists and political scientists, Mamdani stitches ...
Sládek, Vladimír; Holt, B. M.; Berner, M.; Ruff, C. B.
Roč. 126, S40 (2005), s. 192 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /74./. 06.04.05-09.04.05, Milwaukee] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : anthropology Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology
This article, written by an anthropologist who has studied the culture of teenage girls, explores influences on their sense of self, including those of peers, parents, and the media. Educators and parents can play important roles in helping young people navigate successfully through adolescence. (Author/MKA)
The rich corpus of material produced by anthropologists of the Rhodes Livingstone Institute (RLI) in Lusaka has come to dominate our understanding of Zambian societies and Zambia's past. The RLI was primarily concerned with the sociocultural effects of migrant labour. This paper argues that the
Hornberger, Nancy H., Ed.
Dell Hathaway Hymes, linguistic anthropologist and educational visionary extraordinaire, passed away in November 2009, leaving behind a voluminous scholarship and inspirational legacy in the study of language and inequality, ethnography, sociolinguistics, Native American ethnopoetics, and education. This essay provides a brief account of Hymes's…
G.W.J. Hendrikse (George)
textabstractThe study of organizations has been approached by anthropologists, sociologists, (social) psychologists and economists. The share of economics has been modest. This seems surprising because economists have developed a "theory of the firm", but this theory is rather silent about the
Berlin, Brent; And Others
Attempts have been made by linguists and anthropologists to reconstruct aspects of culture history by using synchronically derived lexical data. Related to this concern with culture history is one which attempts to explore the diachronic processes of lexical change over time. As a result of a comparative survey of Tzeltal and Tzotzil…
becoming clothed in a new husk while remaining untouched, but a genuine attempt to translate the Gospel from one culture into another…in terms of...Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 60, No. 4, 725-732. Gallagher, L.J. (1953). China in the Sixteenth Century, The Journals of Matthew Ricci: 1583
Katzoff, Judith A.
A poster paper presented at the AGU Spring Meeting offers evidence that the fossil specimen of Australopithecus afarensis known as “Lucy” may be older than had been previously thought. Many anthropologists consider “Lucy” a pivotal find in tracing the evolution of our species.
descriptive sense but in the critical and prescriptive sense. Where the anthropologist celebrates ... presuppose a keen analysis of given circumstances and are based on rational decisions (Kirk, 1974:60). It can be ..... provide the necessary analytic and conceptual framework for an authentic. African philosophy. They provide ...
corner of the province of Limpopo, almost next to the South Africa's borders with. Botswana and Zimbabwe. This landscape has been thoroughly researched and documented by various institutions and professionals including historians, archaeologists, anthropologists, zoologists, botanists, geologists, rock art students, etc.
Lippy, Charles H.
Discusses the development of religious studies as an academic discipline. Examines the work of leading thinkers in the field, including anthropologists Sir James Fraser and Edward Burnett Taylor, sociologist Max Weber, and psychologist Erik Erikson. Identifies some of the many reference works that deal with religious studies. (SG)
"Twenty million Americans are involved in fringe religious cults such as spiritualism, Hare Krishna, Scientology, and Black Gospel groups," according to anthropologist Irving Zaretsky of the University of Chicago. He recently completed a 10-year period as a participant-observer of fringe religious groups in the San Francisco Bay area and the…
Susan Charnley; William H. Durham
In this article, we call for enhanced quantitative and environmental analysis in the work of environmental anthropologists who wish to influence policy. Using a database of 77 leading monographs published between 1967 and 2006, 147 articles by the same authors, and a separate sample of 137 articles from the journal Human Organization, we document a...
In his plenary session entitled Five Questions on the Future, Harvard anthropologist Arthur Kleinman capitalized on the 2009 Society for Medical Anthropology Conference’s theme of Medical Anthropology at the Intersections to speculate on the future of the discipline. PMID:20027285
African Anthropologist. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 8, No 1 (2001) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file. The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web ...
Background : The ischiopubic index is calculated by dividing the pubic length by the ischial length and multiplying by 100. It has been said to be one of the parameters affecting the pelvic inlet and this is of interest to obstetricians and anatomic anthropologists. Objectives : To determine and compare the pubic length, ischial ...
The topic of traditional leaders and their role has always been of great interest not only to anthropologists but also to politicians, the youth, missionaries, business entrepreneurs and government bureaucrats. Policy development that forms part of the government' outputs are influenced by many factors which includes ...
van Vark, GN
This paper presents some of the results of the cooperation between the author, a physical anthropologist, and Willem Schaafsma. The subjects of study to be discussed in this paper all refer to human evolution, in particular to the process of hominisation. It is described how the interest of the
Siegel, Bernard J., Ed.; And Others
Seventeen articles focus on current research interests of anthropologists. The volume is part of a five-year project designed to identify interesting directions in physical, linguistic, archaeological, social, and cultural anthropology. Covering a wide range of anthropological subjects, the articles discuss a history of physical anthropology,…
Sládek, Vladimír; Berner, M.; Sailer, R.
Supplement 36, - (2003), s. 194 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /72./. 23.04.2003-26.04.2003, Tempe] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6093917 Keywords : biomechanical analysis * robusticity * Bronze Age Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology
Velemínský, P.; Stránská, Petra; Dobisíková, M.; Zikán, V.; Likovský, Jakub; Zítková, J.; Žaloudková, M.; Fialová, L.; Stloukal, M.; Poláček, L.
Roč. 126, č. 40 (2005), s. 112-113 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologist. 06.04.05-09.04.05, Milwaukee] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80020508 Keywords : early medieval Slavonic population * ontogenesis * sexual dimorphism Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology
Ruff, C. B.; Holt, B. M.; Sládek, Vladimír; Murphy, W. A.; zur Nedden, D.; Seidler, H.; Recheis, W.
Roč. 126, S40 (2005), s. 180 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /74./. 06.04.05-09.04.05, Milwaukee] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : Tyrolean ice man Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology
Vermeulen, H.F.; Kommers, J.H.M.
This book in two parts aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the history of cultural, social and physical anthropology in The Netherlands. Experienced anthropologists were invited to describe the history of their own departments and specialisations. The forty-four authors present detailed
Likovský, Jakub; Velemínský, P.; Velemínská, J.; Brůžek, J.; Thurzo, M.; Šefčáková, A.; Poláček, Lumír; Lefebvre, A.
Suppl. 50, - (2010), s. 155 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /79./. 14.04.2010-17.04.2010, Albuquerque] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80020508; CEZ:AV0Z80010507 Keywords : anthropology * fracture * palaeopathology * Great Moravia * Frankish Empire Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology
Sailer, R.; Sládek, Vladimír; Berner, M.; Estl, M.
Supplement 36, - (2003), s. 182 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /72./. 23.04.2003-26.04.2003, Tempe] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6093917 Keywords : computer tomography * biomechanical analysis Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology
Vermeulen, H.F.; Kommers, J.H.M.
This book in two parts aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the history of cultural, social and physical anthropology in The Netherlands. Experienced anthropologists were invited to describe the history of their own departments and specialisations. The forty-four authors present detailed
Gomez, A.; Yeoman, C. J.; White, B. A.; Petrželková, Klára Judita; Todd, A.; Stumpf, R. M.; Nelson, K. E.; Torralba, M.; Gillis, M.; Wilson, B. A.; Leigh, S. R.
Roč. 150, S56 (2013), s. 132-133 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American-Association of Physical Anthropologists /82./. 09.04.2013-13.04.2013, Knoxville] Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : bacteria * western lowland gorillas Subject RIV: EG - Zoology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22247/pdf
Niskanen, M.; Ruff, C.; Holt, B. M.; Sládek, Vladimír; Berner, M.; Garvin, H. M.; Garofalo, E. M.; Tompkins, D.; Junno, J. A.; Maijanen, H.; Salmi, A. K.; Niinimaki, S.; Heikkilä, T.; Vilkama, R.; Salo, K.
Roč. 147, Supplement 54 (2012), s. 224 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American-Association of Physical Anthropologists /81./. 11.04.2012-14.04.2012, Portland] Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22033/pdf
..., Pacific Northwest Region, Boise, ID, and in the physical custody of the Colville Tribal Repository... professional staff with assistance from a Central Washington University physical anthropologist and... Anthropology excavated the remains in an effort to protect them from vandalism and theft. The remains were...
McLeod, Julie; Paisley, Fiona
This article focuses on a seminar-conference held in Hawaii in 1936 on the "educability" of native peoples. The seminar-conference was convened by New Zealand anthropologist Felix Keesing and Yale education professor Charles Loram and supported by the Carnegie Corporation, among other organizations. Conference delegates--who came from…
This article offers an introduction to grid-group cultural theory (also known as grid-group analysis, Cultural Theory or theory of socio-cultural viability), an approach that has been developed over the past thirty years in the work of the British anthropologists Mary Douglas and Michael Thompson,
Jun 7, 2011 ... This line of thinking tends to appear in older Mediterranean anthropologists, almost all of whom are from England or America. Those who have followed these ... probably sounded more contemporary in the Greek cities of the Roman East, where it connoted a civic assembly of citizens. These assemblies ...
Lancy, David F.
Since Margaret Mead's field studies in the South Pacific a century ago, there has been the tacit understanding that as culture varies, so too must the socialization of children to become competent culture users and bearers. More recently, the work of anthropologists has been mined to find broader patterns that may be common to childhood across a…
Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy
Because federal construction sites must now undergo archaeological analysis, an unprecedented number of discoveries are being made about African American history, pointing up the lack of cultural diversity in anthropologists. Efforts are being made to recruit minority students into the field and provide adequate support for their progress. (MSE)
Some anthropologists have argued that Euro-American culture is naturalist, anchored to the belief in a coherent, unitary universe in which natural laws operate. From a close ethnographic inspection, however, the allegedly naturalist sciences emerge as heterogeneous practices, engaging with complex
Baumann, M.; Lynnerup, N.; Scott, G. R.
Palatine (PT) and mandibular torus (MT) have long been of interest to dental researchers and anthropologists, but their aetiology remains unresolved. Some combination of genetic and environmental factors influences their expression, but the relative role of each remains contentious. Previous rese...
This paper will also seek to give a critical examination of the challenges faced and caused by Kenyatta as a statesman in his leadership styles especially the way he dealt with emerging opposition in his cabinet. Finally, the paper seeks to discuss Kenyatta the intellectual. As a trained anthropologist and author, Kenyatta ...
Full Text Available The paper presents some concepts of the recently deceased American anthropologist Clifford Geertz, putting them into the specific context of his rich and interesting career, influences that he had, as well as some reactions to his ideas. A particular attention is placed upon the concept of culture, as the key concept in the 20th century American anthropology.
This paper explores novice foundation phase teachers' descriptions of their experiences in the liminal stage between being a student teacher and entering the professional world of the early grade classroom. The term “liminality” was popularised by anthropologist Turner (1969), building on the early work of Van Gennep ...
Schnepf, Candy A.
The system of education developed by Maria Montessori, noted Italian feminist, anthropologist and physician, is the single largest pedagogy in the world with over 22,000 public, private, parochial, and charter schools on six continents, enduring even as other teaching methods have waxed and waned. Despite its international diffusion and longevity,…
Zierdt, Ginger L.
This article profiles Maria Montessori, an international ambassador for children who became known for her theories and methods of pedagogy, called the "Montessori Method." Montessori developed an educational theory, which combined ideas of scholar Froebel, anthropologists Giuseooe Serge, French physicians Jean Itard and Edouard Sequin,…
Nordic anthropologists were remarkably absent from the news media in Scandinavia during the Muhammad Cartoon issue of 2005/6. This chapter discusses perils of public anthropology as seen in the research engagement with the lopsided and simplified representation of ethnic and religious minorities...... discrimination, intolerance, political manipulation, and inequalities....
South Orangetown Central School District, Orangeburg, NY.
SATURDAY MORNING SEMINARS ARE CONDUCTED BY EXPERTS RANGING FROM A CERAMIST, CARTOONIST, ANTHROPOLOGIST, HISTORIAN, AND JAZZ PIANIST TO A CHEMIST, JOURNALIST, AND CHOREOGRAPHER. IN ADDITION TO THE SEMINARS, A SERIES OF CONCERTS IS AVAILABLE TO ALL SCHOOLS DURING ASSEMBLIES. COMMUNITY RESOURCES POOL MEMBERS ARE AVAILABLE FOR LECTURES IN THE…
colleagues” (Lynch 2000:46). Some 20 years later, these debates still linger in the shadows with some anthropologists refer to their work as “postreflexive” (eg. Maurer 2005, Riles 2000). This suggests a need to move beyond reflexivity without leaving it entirely behind. While reflexivity today still...
Full Text Available Des idées des philosophes de la Grèce ancienne, à celles que suggèrent les avancées contemporaines de la biologie, différentes conceptions de la vie et du vivant sont proposées sans qu’un consensus ne soit obtenu. Différents auteurs ont présenté la vie comme l’affaire des philosophes, sous ses aspects politiques et sociaux, tandis que le vivant était l’affaire des biologistes préoccupés du fonctionnement des organismes (Canguilhem, 1990; Fassin, 2000; Jacob, 1970; Pichot, 2011. Mais cette distinction est actuellement rediscutée (Cherlonneix, 2013; Morange, 2013. D’autres auteurs mettent en contraste les approches réductionnistes et holistes et présentent les conséquences de ces points de vue. Dès 2006, Guespin-Michel et Stewart envisageaient un changement de paradigme inévitable face aux modifications de méthodes dans différents groupes de recherche. Nous proposons de porter un regard croisé sur les concepts de vie et de vivant dans le but d’éclaircir les fondements épistémologiques sous-jacents à un enseignement relatif au vivant : observe-t-on une influence réciproque des conceptions de « vie » et de « vivant » dans les différents courants de pensée ? Les changements épistémologiques liés aux observations faites à différentes échelles biologiques modifient-ils les réflexions philosophiques, scientifiques et sociétales ? Qu’en est-il actuellement de la distinction vie/vivant ?
Full Text Available De nouvelles médecines alternatives, regroupées sous l’appellation « décodage biologique », reposent sur une conception psychosomatique du cancer. Elles sont apparues en Europe dans les années 1990. Dans une perspective critique, l’article tente de comprendre la diffusion de ces nouvelles thérapies. S’inspirant du travail de D. Fassin sur les réseaux de l’ethnopsychiatrie, il analyse la construction d’une légitimation du décodage biologique et de ses praticiens, en décrivant les réseaux qui diffusent les théories et favorisent l’adoption de la pratique. L’article montre l’enracinement de ces nouvelles thérapies dans des représentations sociales et des modèles culturels de l’étiologie du cancer et du “faire face” à la maladie qui permettent ou renforcent l’adoption et l’appropriation de la pensée psychosomatique alternative.New alternative therapy called « bio-decoding » based on a psychosomatic perception of cancer appeared in the 1990s. Using a critical approach, the article aims to understand the therapy’s growth. Drawing on D. Fassin’s work about ethnopsychiatric networks, this paper analyses the construction of bio-decoding and bio-therapist legitimacy, by unravelling the networks which allow for theory dissemination and enable the practice’s growth. The article shows that these new therapies are deeply rooted in social and cultural models of cancer etiology and coping, which allow or reinforce approval and appropriation of alternative psychosomatic thought.
Full Text Available Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg, eds., Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture , by John Barberet Asunción Horno-Delgado, Eliana Ortega, Nina M. Scott, and Nancy Saporta Sternbach, eds., Breaking Boundaries: Latina Writing and Critical Readings , by Amy Kaminsky Jonathan Culler, Framing the Sign: Criticism and Its Institutions , by Rosemarie Scullion Wolfgang Iser, Prospecting: From Reader Response to Literary Anthropology , by Jane Riles Thomas Colin Davis, Michel Tournier: Philosophy and Fiction , by Marja Warehine Didier Coste, Narrative as Communication , by Armine Kotin Mortimer Jean-Jacques Thomas, La Langue, la poésie. Essais sur la poésie française contemporaine , by Thomas F. Broden Manfred Dierks, Adolf Muschg , by Judith Ricker Guy Stern, Literatur im Exil. Gesammelte Aufsätze 1959-1989 , by Wulf Koepke
André Omgbwa Eballe
Full Text Available André Omgbwa Eballe1, Emillienne Epée2, Godefroy Koki2, Didier Owono2, Côme Ebana Mvogo2, Assumpta Lucienne Bella21Gynaeco Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon; 2Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, CameroonAbstract: We report a case of Loa loa filariasis in an 8-month-old child who presented with a 3-month history of irritated acute red eye and insomnia. Examination revealed a living and active adult Loa loa worm in the anterior chamber of the left eye. The worm was extracted under general anesthetic.Keywords: Loa loa, red eye, Cameroon
Vincent de Briant
Full Text Available « New York après le 11 septembre », est l’une des contributions de l’ouvrage collectif dirigé par Bernard Dolez et Didier Paris, celle de Catherine Pouzoulet. Elle y souligne notamment la « résilience » de la « ville-monde » à l’agression dont elle a été victime, mais plus encore à toutes celles auxquelles elle a été confrontée du fait du « vide politique » qui est le sien en termes de gouvernance métropolitaine depuis sa fondation. C’est ainsi souligner de ...
Mattle, Heinrich P.; Brainin, Michael; Chamorro, Angel; Diener, Hans Christoph; Hacke, Werner; Leys, Didier; Norrving, Bo; Ward, Nick
The European Stroke Organisation (ESO) held its first European Stroke Science Workshop in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany (15-17 December 2011). Stroke experts based in Europe were invited to present and discuss their current research. The scope of the workshop was to review the most recent findings of selected topics in stroke, to exchange ideas, to stimulate new research and to enhance collaboration between European stroke research groups. Seven scientific sessions were held, each starting with a keynote lecture to review the state of the art of the given topic, followed by 4 or 5 short presentations by experts. They were asked to limit their presentations to 10 slides containing only recent information. The meeting was organized by the executive committee of the ESO (Heinrich Mattle, chairman, Michael Brainin, Angel Chamorro, Werner Hacke, Didier Leys) and supported by the European Stroke Conference (Michael Hennerici). In this article we summarize the main contents of this successful workshop. PMID:22836350
Full Text Available The system of classical psychoanalysis, as built by Freud, grants almost no space to the phenomenon of sound and music. Indeed, many aspects of music, though not all, appear incompatible with his conception of the unconscious. Only slowly and painfully, through the reflection and the analytical and aesthetic categories worked out by figures such as Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott, Daniel Stern, Didier Anzieu and Michel Imberty, music has finally found its rightful place in the vast map of psychoanalytic science. Many metapsychological categories first elaborated by Freud appear now, retrospectively, as limited on the one hand to the iconic and linguistic dimension, on the other to specifically pathological situations and finally, from the musical point of view, to the "new music", testimony of the world in “era of the technique” and subject of the masterly analysis by Theodor Adorno.
Amaducci, Sandro; Didier, J.M.
This report is an updating of the report EUR 5284, Authorization procedure for the construction and operation of nuclear installations within the EEC Member States, prepared in 1974 by J.M. Didier and Associates. Recent developments regarding the authorization procedure for the construction and operation of nuclear installations have taken place in Italy (introduction of a site approval procedure) and in Denmark (adoption of an overall legislation on the subject, however not yet in force). With respect to supervision and control of nuclear installations during construction and operation, competences of, as well as their exercise by, supervisory authorities in all EC Member States, with the exception of Ireland, are also analysed in the current study
Cassin, Fabrice; His, Stephane; Le Lidec, Frederic; Paillard, Michel; Vandevoorde, Patrick; Huby, Jean; Soetaert, Emmanuel; Bertiere, Francois; Zwierski, Didier; Kuntz, Michel; Mallet, Pierre; Leboucher, Nathalie; Isikveren, Murat; Vacher, Romain
This special dossier about renewable energies is made of 14 contributions dealing with: wind turbines against radars, legal constraints on wind farms location (Fabrice Cassin); the sea, an ocean of wind energy (Stephane His); marine energies, a promising sector (Frederic Le Lidec); Gamesa, an integrated actor of the wind power industry; the great future of renewable marine energies (Michel Paillard); focus on wind power (Patrick Vandevoorde); wind power, a new industrial adventure (Jean Huby); hydropower, a renewed modernity (Emmanuel Soetaert); the new needs of tomorrows' cities (Francois Bertiere); the control of power consumption, a huge market in progress (Didier Zwierski, Michel Kuntz); in the heart of the smart grids revolution (Pierre Mallet); the smart-city, an established reality (Nathalie Leboucher); imagining solutions for the environment (Murat Isikveren); energy: towards a smart consumption (Romain Vacher)
Carr, Paul H.
In 1584, Dominican monk Giordano Bruno envisioned the stars as "countless suns with countless earths, all rotating around their suns." Searching for intellectual freedom, he fled his native Italy to Protestant Switzerland and Germany, but in 1600 the Roman Inquisition condemned him for heresy. He was burned at the stake. Fast-forwarding to 1995, the Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz announced the discovery of a planet orbiting a star similar to our sun (51 Pegasi). In 2010, 500 planets had been found orbiting 421 stars. On Feb 2, 2011, NASA announced 1200 planet candidates. It took 400 years for telescope technology to advance and for Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, Bradley, and Foucault to make major contributions, culminating in today's astrophysics with digital imaging and processing. Contrasting with Bruno, in 2010 Dominican Francisco Ayala, who had been president of the Sigma Xi and AAAS, won the 1.6M Templeton Prize for affirming life's spiritual dimension.
(Photo courtesy of Don Davis / NASA)The University of Geneva (UNIGE) and the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale of Lausanne (EPFL) are organising the 4th series of public lectures on astronomy, on the theme of "Impacts". The schedule is as follows: Il y a 100 ans : une explosion dans la Tunguska – Dr. Frédéric COURBIN, EPFL Les impacts sur Terre – Prof. Didier Queloz, UNIGE La fin des dinosaures – Dr. Stéphane Paltani, UNIGE Wednesday 7 May 2008, from 7.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m. Auditoire CO1, EPFL, Ecublens Thursday 08 May 2008, from 7.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m. Auditoire Rouiller, Uni-Dufour, Genève All 3 lectures will be givent each evening! Admission free Information: 022 379 22 00
Oldani, Michael J
Anthropologists of medicine and science are increasingly studying all aspects of pharmaceutical industry practices--from research and development to the marketing of prescription drugs. This article ethnographically explores one particular stage in the life cycle of pharmaceuticals: sales and marketing. Drawing on a range of sources-investigative journalism, medical ethics, and autoethnography--the author examines the day-to-day activities of pharmaceutical salespersons, or drug reps, during the 1990s. He describes in detail the pharmaceutical gift cycle, a three-way exchange network between doctors, salespersons, and patients and how this process of exchange is currently in a state of involution. This gift economy exists to generate prescriptions (scripts) and can mask and/or perpetuate risks and side effects for patients. With implications of pharmaceutical industry practices impacting everything from the personal-psychological to the global political economy, medical anthropologists can play a lead role in the emerging scholarly discourse concerned with critical pharmaceutical studies.
Peterson, Richard B.; Russell, Diane; West, Paige; Brosius, J. Peter
In this paper, we first discuss various vantage points gained through the authors’ experience of approaching conservation through a “cultural lens.” We then draw out more general concerns that many anthropologists hold with respect to conservation, summarizing and commenting on the work of the Conservation and Community Working Group within the Anthropology and Environment Section of the American Anthropological Association. Here we focus on both critiques and contributions the discipline of anthropology makes with regard to conservation, and show how anthropologists are moving beyond conservation critiques to engage actively with conservation practice and policy. We conclude with reflections on the possibilities for enhancing transdisciplinary dialogue and practice through reflexive questioning, the adoption of disciplinary humility, and the realization that “cross-border” collaboration among conservation scholars and practitioners can strengthen the political will necessary to stem the growing commoditization and ensuing degradation of the earth’s ecosystems.
Kragh, Simon Ulrik
The paper argues that African organization sand business relations reflect pre-industrial social norms found by anthropologists in kinship based, rural communities. African society is a hybrid mixture of an emerging industrial economy and a set of norms and behaviours which have been carried over......-industrial cultural traits and offers a theory showing their inner, social logic. Drawing on examples from the existing literature on African management it is shown how the pre-industrial norms are manifested in organizational practice and business.......The paper argues that African organization sand business relations reflect pre-industrial social norms found by anthropologists in kinship based, rural communities. African society is a hybrid mixture of an emerging industrial economy and a set of norms and behaviours which have been carried over...
“modernities” over the last 10 years, this paper wishes to address the analytical usefulness of this conceptual development. What is it about these concepts that make them useful as we try to capture the World today? Rather than providing any substantial definitions as to what those modernities are about (or...... what they are not about), anthropologists have used ethnographies to demonstrate how modernities are lived and constructed differently in different cultural contexts. To a very large extent, anthropologists intend these multiple modernities to refer to the interplay between local and global...... configurations. However, if the current pluralizing of modernity ultimately serves to describe the variety of cultural forms that co-exist in the World today, the analytical value of the concept risks being watered down, and little is gained in perspective. Arguably, other concepts would have served the purpose...
Can an anthropologist help us understand the world of business? Armed with this question, veteran anthropologist Brian Moeran embarks on an in-depth study of cultural production and creative industries in Japan. At once the blundering ethnographer and shrewd observer, Moeran is able to shed light...... not only on social behavior and human relations in general but, more specifically, on the importance of strategic exchange to all business practices. Moeran's fieldwork, rooted in participant-observation of business life in communities and corporations, leads him to an original theory of how business...... operates. Culture is not all-powerful, Moeran shows. Instead, social structures strongly influence behavior. At the heart of Moeran's analysis is a firm belief in fieldwork and ethnography - terms much bandied about in business, management and cultural studies, but rarely undertaken in depth. The Business...
Hermann, A. K.
“Slow journalism” is a term anthropologist and sociologists sometimes use to describe their empirical work, ethnography. To journalists and media observers, meanwhile, “slow journalism” signifies a newfound dedication to serious long-form journalism. Not surprisingly, thus, “ethnographic journalism......”—a genre where reporters adopt research strategies from social science—takes “slow” to the extreme. Immersing themselves in communities for weeks, months and years, ethnographic journalists seek to gain what anthropologists call “the native's point of view”. Based on in-depth interviews with practitioners...... and analyses of their journalistic works, this paper offers a study of ethnographic journalism suggesting that slow time operates in at least three separate registers. First, in terms of regimentation, ethnographic journalism is mostly long-form pieces that demand time-consuming research and careful writing...
Bethard, Jonathan D
The history of forensic anthropology has been documented by numerous scholars. These contributions have described the work of early pioneers in the field and have described important milestones, such as the founding of the Physical Anthropology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) in 1972 and the American Board of Forensic Anthropology (ABFA) in 1977. This paper contributes to the growing literature on the history of forensic anthropology by documenting the academic training of all individuals who have been granted diplomate status by the ABFA (n = 115). Doctoral dissertation titles were queried to discern broad patterns of research foci. A total of 39 doctoral granting institutions have trained diplomates and 77.3% of board-certified forensic anthropologists wrote dissertations involving skeletal biology, bioarchaeology, or forensic anthropology. Board-certified forensic anthropologists are a broadly trained group of professionals with far-reaching anthropological interests and expertise. © 2016 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
Park, Dae-Kyoon; Park, Kyung-Ho; Ko, Jeong-Sik; Kim, Yi-Suk; Chung, Nak-Eun; Ahn, Yong-Woo; Han, Seung-Ho
Meticulous recovery of victims in the Daegu subway disaster was possible, because charred and fragmented victims were left in situ. Because bodies were piled one over another within the train, appropriate methodology during the recovery was critical to identifying the victims. The disaster area was thoroughly documented with notes, photographs, and schematic drawings of the various locations. The recovery team, comprising two medical examiners and one forensic anthropologist, decided when charred body parts and cremated bones were linked to the same individual based on the anatomy and forensic anthropological examination. Without these recovery procedures, it would not have been possible to efficiently harvest representative DNA sample from most of the victims' body parts. After the entire process of identification, 136 victims were positively identified, and six victims remained unidentified. This study supports the crucial role of forensic anthropologists in the recovery of victims, especially in fire scenes.
Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2016v69n1p251 The problem of “culture” in the process of intercultural understanding is one of the most discussed issues among scholars today. Anthropologists, linguists, literary critics, and philosophers, just to name a few, study this issue in a problem-based and research format. Culture and cultural understanding are hereby presented by demonstrating studies and observations of two cultural anthropologists, R. H. Robbins and Clifford Geertz, a literary critic, Lionel Trilling, and C. S. Lewis, a famous writer of both fiction and non-fiction. My intention here is to answer the question: how to describe and analyze a culture that is so different from the perspective of our own? In this sense, language and discourse are also analyzed in this paper as part of culture and can indicate some of our own moral perspectives and judgments on others’ cultures.
Full Text Available The immediate motive for the writing of this paper is the renewed interest in the controversial anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon, whose name, scientific work and authority (or the dubious value thereof is firmly linked to the Yanomami people of South America. The image of the “paleolithic -neolithic” warrior culture of the Yanomami in the contemporary world, which was construed by the American anthropologist through his books and ethnographic films, was received by millions of people all over the world, including members of the Yanomami community. At the turn of the 21st century, this image backfired at its author, his ethnographic subjects and the discipline itself, and began to disintegrate. The ensuing controversies are the topic of this paper.
Full Text Available This text highlights the way the practice conditions of the national and foreign anthropologists´ differ in the object, as well as in the goals of their work. Although both of them are guided to the investigation, the national ones culminate exercising professional tasks. Their exercise obligatorily has faced the national reality and it is the one that has pointed out the distinctive characteristics of the Colombian anthropology. In the first place, their option to work with the depressed sectors of the country, as the indigenous populations, has surpassed the investigation tasks to contribute to solve its participation in the national society. It also demanded to superimpose to the mere investigation, the taking of position on the general transformations of the country. Because of this, their exercise doesn’t depend simply on the discipline but of the conditions that entrust the populations of which the anthropologist form part off.
to a potential client will be preferred over that of a rival firm. The book shows how detailed ethnography can lead to an understanding of numerous different, but interlocking, theoretical issues. It demonstrates how ethnography can travel beyond the academic realm and be used by business personnel to heighten...... their understanding of their companies' organizational structures, strategies and daily work practices. Asking crucial questions about the role of the anthropologist in the field, "Ethnography at Work" introduces students to ways in which anthropologists study social systems in business....... that of a rival firm. "Ethnography at Work" follows the experiences of the author as a participant observer in the day-to-day running of a Japanese advertising agency. The book reveals the intricate behind-the-scenes planning, discussion, negotiations and strategies needed to ensure that the agency's presentation...
not only on social behavior and human relations in general but, more specifically, on the importance of strategic exchange to all business practices. Moeran's fieldwork, rooted in participant-observation of business life in communities and corporations, leads him to an original theory of how business......Can an anthropologist help us understand the world of business? Armed with this question, veteran anthropologist Brian Moeran embarks on an in-depth study of cultural production and creative industries in Japan. At once the blundering ethnographer and shrewd observer, Moeran is able to shed light...... operates. Culture is not all-powerful, Moeran shows. Instead, social structures strongly influence behavior. At the heart of Moeran's analysis is a firm belief in fieldwork and ethnography - terms much bandied about in business, management and cultural studies, but rarely undertaken in depth. The Business...
Full Text Available The article presents the folklorist, essayist, journalist and anthropologist Edison Carneiro (1912-1972 and situates him among the “lineages” or intellectual affiliations in the context of studies on Afro-Brazilian religious groups. Describing the life of Edison Carneiro, his relationship with American anthropologist Ruth Landes and his participation in the folkloric movement, I look to situate Carneiro among the various intellectual trends found within the study of Afro-Brazilian religions. I argue that the author occupied an ambiguous position in terms of the African presence in the constitution of Afro-Brazilian religions, showing close proximities to Ruth Landes, Franklin Frazier, Ruth Benedict, Donald Pierson and Robert Park on the one hand, and Melville Herskovitz, Roger Bastide and Arthur Ramos on the other. Carneiro’s studies of Candomblé de Caboclo express this double bind.
José Luiz Caruso Ronca
Full Text Available The inauguration of "The Professor Anhaia Mello Room" provided with suitable audio-visual équipement and furniture for conferences and defences of Dissertations and Theses by the students of the Graduate Course of the FAUUSP Life and work of Prof. Anhaia Mello, founder of the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of São Paulo - FAUUSP presented by Prof. Brenno Cyrino Nogueira. Lecture of Prof. Charles Beylier about the thought of the sociologist and anthropologist Roger Bastide, calling the attention to the interpenetration of cultures. Seminar about the lecture. The inauguration, the lecture and the sem inar as homage not only to the distinguished french anthropologist, one of the founders of the USP but also to the sixties years of this university
Kauffmann, Lene Teglhus
of the research is to investigate what is considered to ‘work as evidence’ in health promotion and how the ‘evidence discourse’ influences social practices in policymaking and in research. From investigating knowledge practices in the field of health promotion, I develop the concept of sound knowledge...... making, which I call ‘sound knowledge’. Sound knowledge is an approach to knowledge that takes the reflexive considerations of actors in policymaking processes as well as in research about what knowledge is into account. Seeing knowledge as sound makes connections between different ideas, concepts...... and ideologies explicit. Furthermore, in relation to an anthropology of knowledge, sound knowledge also offers a reconsideration of the way anthropologists study knowledge, as it specifies that studying knowledge for anthropologists means studying what people consider as knowledge, in what circumstances...
approaches to e.g. understand and involve users, clients and citizens. Several other disciplines currently also approach and embrace anthropological methods, and new sub-disciplines such as design anthropology, architectural anthropology, business anthropology and techno-anthropology have emerged....... These developments have broadened the foci and applications of anthropology providing new opportunities for anthropologists, yet the so-called ”hyphen”-anthropology is also subject of critique from within the discipline. The situation of the anthropologist working in cross-disciplinary and applied environments may...... these cross-disciplinary and applied settings, and how it may contribute to anthropology in general. Based on research and teaching in the field of architectural anthropology, the paper discuss the potentials and pitfalls of mixing approaches from the two disciplines using examples of architects’ approaches...
operates. Culture is not all-powerful, Moeran shows. Instead, social structures strongly influence behavior. At the heart of Moeran's analysis is a firm belief in fieldwork and ethnography - terms much bandied about in business, management and cultural studies, but rarely undertaken in depth. The Business......Can an anthropologist help us understand the world of business? Armed with this question, veteran anthropologist Brian Moeran embarks on an in-depth study of cultural production and creative industries in Japan. At once the blundering ethnographer and shrewd observer, Moeran is able to shed light...... not only on social behavior and human relations in general but, more specifically, on the importance of strategic exchange to all business practices. Moeran's fieldwork, rooted in participant-observation of business life in communities and corporations, leads him to an original theory of how business...
Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to reconstruct Jaspers’ views on philosophical anthropology of the early twentieth century. The text can be divided into three parts. First part tries to reconstruct direct and indirect references which Jaspers makes toward: a term “anthropology”, b the representatives of philosophical anthropology. Second part shows Jaspers’ attitude toward Scheler’s anthropology. Third and final part raises a question: Why do we often regard Jaspers’ philosophy as anthropology, can he be considered as philosophical anthropologist? We will show that the main point of his critic is that anthropology sets biological point of view as a starting point for its inquiry on human being. Therefore, human being can not be seen adequately from anthropological perspective. Its specificity is reduced by anthropologists to the specific characteristics of species, a collection of biological, psychological and social conditions that describe the phenomenon of man but do not reach the depths of the human being.
Arteaga, Juanma Sánchez
This paper analyzes biological and scientific discourses about the racial composition of the Brazilian population, between 1832 and 1911. The first of these dates represents Darwin's first arrival in the South-American country during his voyage on H.M.S. Beagle. The study ends in 1911, with the celebration of the First universal Races congress in London, where the Brazilian physical anthropologist J.B. Lacerda predicted the complete extinction of black Brazilians by the year 2012. Contemporary European and North-American racial theories had a profound influence in Brazilian scientific debates on race and miscegenation. These debates also reflected a wider political and cultural concern, shared by most Brazilian scholars, about the future of the Nation. With few known exceptions, Brazilian evolutionists, medical doctors, physical anthropologists, and naturalists, considered that the racial composition of the population was a handicap to the commonly shared nationalistic goal of creating a modern and progressive Brazilian Republic.
Nearly 60 years ago, Sherwood Washburn issued a call for a "New Physical Anthropology," a transition from measurement and classification toward a focus on the processes and mechanisms of evolutionary change. He advocated multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches to the understanding of human behavior, biology, and history. Many interpret this as a call for a practice that is both biological and anthropological. Is this what we do? Are we biological anthropologists yet? In this essay, I explore what we, Physical Anthropologists, as a discipline are doing in the context of a New Physical Anthropology, where we might be headed, and why this discussion is crucial to our relevance. Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Kendell, Ashley E; Fleischman, Julie M; Fulginiti, Laura C
Within the context of medical examiner's offices, forensic anthropologists are increasingly being asked to assist with the interpretation of traumatic skeletal injury. This case study presents an example of trauma analysis performed by forensic anthropologists at the Maricopa County Forensic Science Center in Phoenix, Arizona. The primary goal of this study is to document an uncommon pattern of traumatic injury-severe grinding abrasions of the lower appendage that macroscopically resemble sharp force trauma, especially as observed in dismemberment cases-resulting from an individual being dragged beneath a Light Rail train for c. 1.7 miles. The abraded skeletal elements include a femoral shaft fragment, a femoral head portion, and the right foot. Second, this study aims to illustrate the efficacy of forensic anthropological analysis of patterned skeletal trauma. Finally, this study demonstrates the critical importance of analyzing scene information before drawing conclusions as to the etiology of a traumatic injury pattern. © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
This edited volume provides an introduction to the emerging field of design anthropology from the point of view of anthropologists engaging in its development. Contributors include young anthropologists with experience in the field and leading theoreticians, who combine to articulate the specific...... style of knowing involved in doing design anthropology. So far design anthropology has been developed mostly in the practice of industry and the public sector, in particular in Scandinavia and the US, and the sustained academic reflection to support this practice is still in its early stages. This book...... will contribute to this theoretical reflection and provide a reference for practitioners, teachers and students of anthropology, as well as design and innovation....
calculation of amphibole minerals by Cameca SX50 microprobe device at the Oklahomacity University (Norman - USA. Results The studied plutonic rocks are dominated by plagioclase, orthoclase, quartz, amphibole (magnesio hornblende and actinolite hornblende, biotite, and pyroxene. Zircon, apatite, sphene, tourmaline and opaque minerals as the common accessory and chlorite, epidote and calcite are the secondary minerals. On the base of petrographic observation as well as mineral-chemistry and geochemical data, the granitoid massif is classified as I-type (magnetite series, calc – alkaline and metaluminous composition. The rocks under discussion are characterized by the high level of LILE (Ba, Sr, K and Cs and the negative anomaly of HFS elements (Ti, Nb, Zr and Y indicating the subduction related magmatism. The Ghaleh Yaghmesh granitoids are cogenetic and possibly developed in subduction zone related to active continental margin calc – alkaline volcanic arcs. Mixing process of acidic and basic magmas is likely involved in generation of the rocks being studied. Discussion The parent magma probably formed by partial melting of amphibolites with some sedimentary materials. Fractional crystallization of melt in the higher levels of crust gave rise to various rock types. Mantle – derived basaltic magmas emplaced into the lower crust most likely provide heat for partial melting Clemens et al., 2011(. Field evidences such as the presence of mafic microgranular enclaves having sharp boundaries with the host rocks (Zorpi et al., 1989; Didier, 1991, petrographic observations (similar mineralogy of MME and the host rock (Didier, 1991; Didier and Barbarin, 1991, the occurrence of accicular apatite (Zorpi et al., 1989; Didier, 1991, the corroded margin of amphibole and plagioclase (Zorpi et al., 1989; Shelley, 1993 and the abundance of biotite and hornblende in MME compared to the host rock (Ellis and Thompson, 1986 and geochemical criteria (range of silica from 51.35 to 70.78 indicate
Janis L. Dickinson
In 1973, Ernest Becker, a cultural anthropologist cross-trained in philosophy, sociology, and psychiatry, invoked consciousness of self and the inevitability of death as the primary sources of human anxiety and repression. He proposed that the psychological basis of cooperation, competition, and emotional and mental health is a tendency to hold tightly to anxiety-buffering cultural world views or "immortality projects" that serve as the basis for self-esteem and meaning. Although he focused m...
This paper explores the nature, or the psychodynamics of culture shock experience. The term culture shock, as far as I know, was first introduced by Oberg (1960), when studying the adjustment process of anthropologists to different cultures during their field research. For a longtime a subject for anthropology, thep henomenon of culture shock was studied as one of the phenomena observed during the course of adjustment to a new culture (Berry,1985). Recently, as can be shown by the large numbe...
public service of the RAND Corporation. CHILDREN AND FAMILIES EDUCATION AND THE ARTS ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE INFRASTRUCTURE AND...for this smaller set of anthropological studies is that anthropologists do not commonly conduct ethnographies during active conflict. However, a...these fields, including jour- nal articles, books, and recent RAND work and that of other research centers. This included some ethnographies , although
Bruna Maria Moreschi
Full Text Available This paper describes the use of photography in an ethnographical approach. It traces historically the growing importance of image in anthropological studies. It lists photographers and anthropologists, including Brazilians who employ photography to retrieve people and social groups. Based on available bibliography and on newly-published texts cited in the body of this work, it concludes that, throughout time, photography is increasingly being incorporated as a source for ethnographical research.
Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard
are urging all social scientists to think more as social scientists rather than just as anthropologists, economists, historians, political scientists, or sociologists. Their effort to broaden the way social scientists think about social organization is an important step, especially for those of us interested...... such as physical, financial and human capital. They attempt to bridge the gap between theory and reality by examining the main factors that determine entrepreneurship, co-operative movements and the creation and destruction of social capital....
Heflin, Ashley Shew
Philosophers, historians of technology, and anthropologists often offer accounts of technology that include a â human clause,â some phrase to the effect that only humans use or make technologies. When these academics do consider tool use, they refer to a few cases, usually from chimpanzee studies, as special and unusual in the animal kingdom and whose similarities to human tool use can be explained through some shared evolutionary heritage. However, new observational and laboratory animal ...
Based on fieldwork in Mali this paper discusses the role of anthropology (and the anthropologist) in a large public health research project on children's health. In the uncertainty and disquiet that comes with the battle to combat and avoid diseases in a setting where poverty and abysmal diseases......, is the ability to move beyond even the best hidden assumptions and question our own questions, thereby enabling us to ask the right questions....
Havelková, P.; Hladík, Marek; Velemínský, P.
147 S54, - (2012), s. 161-162 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /81./. 09.04.2012-14.04.2012, Portland] Institutional support: RVO:68081758 Keywords : Early Middle Ages * enthesopathies * factor analysis * grave goods * musculoskeletal stress markers * social status Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22033/pdf
Anthropologists have long known that human activity driven by culture changes the environment. This is apparent in the archaeological record and through the study of the modern environment. Perhaps the largest change since the paleolithic era is the organization of human populations in cities. New environments can reshape human biology through evolution as shown by the evolution of the hominid lineage. Evolution is not the only process capable of reshaping our biology. Some changes in our hum...
Sládek, Vladimír; Berner, M.; Friedl, L.
Roč. 135, S46 (2008), s. 195-196 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /77./. 09.04.2008-12.04.2008, Columbus, Ohio] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : human femora * Central Europe Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/117908222/PDFSTART
"The experience of an anthropologist who participated as enumerator in [Mexico's] Conteo de Poblacion y Vivienda 1995 is analyzed in this paper. The author describes briefly the methodology...for each stage of the enumeration; she systematically points [out] the circumstances and reasons that determine why the different groups involved in the process do not follow the rules. She [examines] the questions that the informers usually avoid answering, or the ones they answer hardly and imprecisely." (EXCERPT)
Revisiting the Harris-Hatang Dialogue: A Critique of “What it (Might) Mean(s) to be an African Archivist” ... A city rich in culture that for once forced me to wish that I should have been a sociologist or anthropologist. The idea of Zanzibar as an archives never crossed my mind. Harris still has to convince me about that. This kind ...
Ibrová, A.; Dupej, J.; Stránská, Petra; Velemínský, P.; Poláček, Lumír; Velemínská, J.
Roč. 162, S64 (2017), s. 226 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /86./. 19.04.2017-22.04.2017, New Orleans] Institutional support: RVO:67985912 ; RVO:68081758 Keywords : Early Middle Ages * human diet * anthropology * tooth wear * Central Europe Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology; AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology (ARUB-Q) OBOR OECD: Archaeology; Archaeology (ARUB-Q) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.23210/pdf
Full Text Available This paper discusses the relation between Performance, Theatre and Anthropology. We present the origins of the relations between performance and anthropology, listing the main ideas from North-American and French pioneers. We compare the connections between artists and anthropologists like Richard Schechner and Victor Turner, Eugenio Barba and Kirsten Hastrup. Finally, we discuss the movements and the different apprehensions of performance and the productive way in which the relation between performance and anthropology has been built in recent years.
This paper discusses the relation between Performance, Theatre and Anthropology. We present the origins of the relations between performance and anthropology, listing the main ideas from North-American and French pioneers. We compare the connections between artists and anthropologists like Richard Schechner and Victor Turner, Eugenio Barba and Kirsten Hastrup. Finally, we discuss the movements and the different apprehensions of performance and the productive way in which the relation between...
Pınar GÖZLÜK KIRMIZIOĞLU; Ahmet Cem ERKMAN; Ayhan YİĞİT
It has been shown that under the pressure of natural selection, tooth size varies over time among societies. The study of metric size variation is a common method used by anthropologists to investigate the morphologic relationships in archaeological Anatolian societies. The size, shape, and structure of the tubercles of teeth is primarily determined by genes. The integral role of genes does not only apply to the crown and roots, but also to numerous features of the tooth. In this study conduc...
Rogers, Everett M.; Hart, William B.; 三池, 賢孝
Here we trace the role of anthropologist Edward T. Hall in founding the scholarly field of intercultural communication during the 1951-1955 period when he was at the Foreign Service Institute of the U.S. Department of States. The scholarly field of intercultural communication was then mainly advanced by university-based scholars of communication in the United States and Japan, and in other countries. The development of intercultural communication in the U.S. and Japan is analyzed here.
Full Text Available has also found increasing value in urban development projects and the promotion of cities, as part of a reaction against globalisation or in an attempt to be globally competitive (Pacioni 2004). If place is finding increasing prominence... function, defined as physical/built space or real space. Sociologists, geographers and anthropologists tend to focus on social and/or mental space, for example, political or cultural influences. This dissociation between different disciplines has...
Stevo Popovic; Dusko Bjelica; Gabriela Doina Tanase; Rajko Milašinović
Anthropologists recognized the tallness of nations in the Dinaric Alps long time ago. As the modern Bosnian and Herzegovinian fall more into the Dinaric racial classification, the purpose of this study was to examine the body height in Bosnian and Herzegovinian adults as well as the relationship between arm span as an alternative to estimating the body height and body height, which vary in different ethnic and racial groups. The nature and scope of this study analyzes 212 students (178 men, a...
Anthropology and global health have long been a focus of research for both biological and medical anthropologists. Research has looked at physiological adaptations to high altitudes, community responses to water-borne diseases, the integration of traditional and biomedical approaches to health, global responses to HIV/AIDS, and more recently, to the application of cultural approaches to the control of the Ebola epidemic. Academic anthropology has employed theory and methods to extend knowledg...
Alberti, Ben; Fowles, Severin; Holbraad, Martin; Marshall, Yvonne; Whitmore, Chris
The debate concerning ontology is heating up in the social sciences. How is this impacting anthropology and archaeology? What contributions can these disciplines make? Following a session at the 2010 Theoretical Archaeology Group conference at Brown University (“‘Worlds Otherwise’: Archaeology, Theory, and Ontological Difference,” convened by Ben Alberti and Yvonne Marshall), a group of archaeologists and anthropologists have continued to discuss the merits, possibilities, and problems of an ...
Bejdová, Š.; Dupej, J.; Velemínská, J.; Poláček, Lumír; Velemínský, P.
Roč. 162, S64 (2017), s. 115-116 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /86./. 19.04.2017-22.04.2017, New Orleans] Institutional support: RVO:68081758 Keywords : Early Middle Ages * anthropology * sexual dimorphism * facial skeleton * Great Moravian population * current population * Central Europe Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology OBOR OECD: Archaeology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.23210/pdf
Full Text Available Anthropologist Ana María Spadafora describes the current situation of indigenous communities in Argentina. She explains the meaning of “being Indian” and how processes of ethnic re-emergence have taken place in Argentina and elsewhere in the continent. The articulation between Positive Law and indigenous world view, and the effects of globalization on ethnic minorities are some of the issues covered.
Brown, Rupert; Zagefka, Hanna
The growing global trend of migration gives social psychological enquiry into acculturation processes particular contemporary relevance. Inspired by one of the earliest definitions of acculturation [Redfield, R., Linton, R., & Herskovits, M. (1936). Memorandum on the study of acculturation. American Anthropologist,38, 149152.], we present a case for considering acculturation as a dynamic intergroup process. We first review research stimulated by the dominant perspective in the field, Berry's ...
psychologists, anthropologists, geographers, engineers, and computer scientists) for the mutual development of future concepts for experimenting with, recording, analyzing, simulating, visualizing, and communicating data and information regarding humans’ spatial behaviour. The conference is part...... exclusive) list of topics was suggested: • Wayfinding and navigation • Agent based simulation and modelling (ABM) • Movement analysis • Emerging and classic technologies for recording movement • Visualisation of moving objects • Spatial perception and memory • Efficient structures for storing movement data...
The psychological foundation of rites de passage have long been debated within the history of religion and related areas. The significance of such rites in facilitating emotional readjustment to a new life situation have been particularly stressed. Emotional reactions on the individual level largely remain outside the competence of anthropologists, despite their awareness of the general influence of culture on this as on other areas of human endeavour. Focusing on traumatized female refugees ...
anthropologists such as S. Tylor and J. Frazer as well as more recent theorists ( Piaget , 1966; Horton, 1967) argue that the logic and normative standards by...development. Lansing, MI: Employability Skills Task Force - Governor’s Commission on Jobs and Economic Development. Piaget , J. (1966). Need and significance...consisting of 187 worker-oriented job elements about activities and work situation variables (McCormick, Jeanneret, & Mecham, 1972; McCormick & Jean
as 'messianic' has significant interpretive implications. In their readeing og historical records and narratives, anthropologists have attributed a messianic proclivity to the Asháninka and other native populations in the Peruvian Amazon. Taking off from interpretation of the figure of Juan Santos Atahuallpa...... scholarly repetition than from grounded analysis; it has created a 'black hole' in place of ethnography that an approach that takes heed of practices, narrative and structural, may begin to fill....
Vanderlei Sebastião de Souza
The thesis deals with the history of physical anthropology and the debates on race and nation at the beginning of the twentieth century, focusing on the anthropological studies carried out by the physician and anthropologist Edgard Roquette-Pinto. As a scientist linked to the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro between 1905 and 1935, he was dedicated to research on anthropology and ethnography of Brazil, through which he sought not only to describe the formative racial characteristics of the co...
Elizabeth Hull; Deborah James
African economies have long been a matter of concern to anthropologists, not least in the pages of Africa. These economies are situated, somewhat contradictorily, between global settings of financialized capitalism on the one hand and impoverished local arenas where cash-based economic transfers predominate on the other. The more such economies appear to be tied to wider global arenas and operations that place them beyond the reach of ordinary people, the more necessary it is to explore the l...
Kanetake, Jun; Sakaue, Kazuhiro; Sakai, Jun; Takahashi, Shirushi; Kanawaku, Yoshimasa; Hashiyada, Masaki; Funayama, Masato
A human male mandible was found under the eaves of a house. There were no associated items that allowed for personal identification. An anthropologist, who voluntarily joined our forensics team to give an expert opinion, found two small linear marks of 0.6 cm on the surface of the right condylar process. He thought these marks had been produced by a sharp object, and at the very least were not the result of bite marks by rodents or other animals. At first, the police did not appreciate the significance of the marks. One month later, however, other remains with similar marks were found near the scene, strongly suggesting that the case was a mutilation murder with a sharp weapon. After a vigorous search, the police obtained information that a young man in his twenties had gone missing in the area one year previously. After checking up on his relationships, a suspect was identified and arrested. The suspect subsequently confessed and was convicted as guilty of the crime. There are only a few forensic anthropologists in Japan. Consequently, almost all cases requiring bone examination have been handled by forensic pathologists, but it is hard for forensic pathologists to cover all fields comprehensively. The present case might have been solved without help from the anthropologist. However, we believe that forensic pathologists, especially less experienced ones, should seek advice from an expert in the field of forensic anthropology in order to carry a multidisciplinary forensic investigation. Given the current situation in, it is difficult in many institutes of forensics to obtain direct help from forensic anthropologists. The authors believe that collaborative networking via the Internet between forensic experts in each field cannot only obtain further information on complicated cases, but would also be helpful in training young forensic pathologists.
Kaupová, S.; Velemínský, P.; Stránská, Petra; Tomková, Kateřina
Roč. 162, S64 (2017), s. 239 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /86./. 19.04.2017-22.04.2017, New Orleans] R&D Projects: GA ČR GB14-36938G Institutional support: RVO:67985912 Keywords : Early Middle Ages * diet * anthropology * Central Europe Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology OBOR OECD: Archaeology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.23210/pdf
Orish, C. N.; Didia, B. C.; Fawehinmi, H. B.
Background. Determination of sex is an important concern to the forensic anthropologists as it is critical for individual identification. This study has investigated the existence of sexual dimorphism in the dimensions and the area of the IOA triangle. Methods. A total of 100 adult dry skulls, (78 males; 22 females) from departments of anatomy in Nigerian universities were used for this study. Automatic digital calliper was used for the measurement. Coefficient of variation, correlation, line...
Gross, Briana L.; Olsen, Kenneth M.
The process of crop domestication has long been a topic of active research for biologists, anthropologists and others. Genetic data have proved a powerful resource for drawing inferences on questions regarding the geographical origins of crops, the numbers of independent domestication events for a given crop species, the specific molecular changes underlying domestication traits, and the nature of artificial selection during domestication and subsequent crop improvement. We would argue that t...
van Lier, Eva; Rijkhoff, Jan
• First major publication on the phenomenon • Offers cross-linguistic, descriptive, and diverse theoretical approaches • Includes analysis of data from different language families and from lesser studied languages This book is the first major cross-linguistic study of 'flexible words', i.e. words...... Indonesian, Santali, Sri Lanka Malay, Lushootseed, Gooniyandi, and Late Archaic Chinese. Readership: Linguists and students of linguistics and cognitive sciences, anthropologists, philosophers...
The role of language and culture in society has been the concern of not only linguists, anthropologists and communication scholars but also of the researchers in sociology, psychology, cognitive science and education. This relationship has been investigated from different perspectives depending on the focus of the authorities. The research on second language acquisition has dealt with this relationship by generating various theories, models, approaches and principles depending on the nature o...
The social historians and anthropologists presented the concept of honour and shame as the values of Mediterranean society. However, the concepts of honour and shame can be detected in various spheres of social interaction as well as in different cultures around the world. Traditional customs of hospitality are a sphere where one can experience honour or suffer shame and dishonour. The customs of hospitality include traditional legal institutions, the asylum and the safe esc...
Full Text Available Archaeologists agonise about using the experience of people living in the present to help them think about people's lives in the past. Beneath the rhetoric, however, lies the simple fact that if you study the work of anthropologists, you are confronted with real individuals and communities. The practise of learning from such communities can be particularly liberating if you mix with them yourself, as I learnt when writing a book about Stonehenge (Pitts 2001.
Tolan , John
Historians and anthropologists are confronted with a persistent problem for which there is no clear solution: the conceptual tools which we use to attempt to understand cultures are themselves products of (often) the very cultures we are attempting to understand. Take "religion". Daniel Boyarin (2004) has argued that the very concept of "religion" as we know it was a product of the fourth and fifth centuries, as bishops and emperors constructed Christianity as a religion (the true one, of cou...
The historical investigation of malaria in South Carolina offers a valuable opportunity for the medical anthropologist interested in the interrelationship between cultural practices and disease. Malaria was introduced to the New World by European settlers and African slaves, and the development of tidewater rice cultivation helped create and expand the conditions necessary for its spread. Once established, malaria became the region's most serious endemic disease, persisting until well into the twentieth century and cultural responses to it profoundly influenced antebellum southern society.
Trinkaus, E.; Wojtal, P.; Wilczyński, J.; Sázelová, Sandra; Svoboda, Jiří
Roč. 162, S64 (2017), s. 386 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /86./. 19.04.2017-22.04.2017, New Orleans] Institutional support: RVO:68081758 Keywords : human taphonomy * Mid Upper Paleolithic * Pavlov * Southern Moravia * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology OBOR OECD: Antropology, ethnology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.23210/pdf
Piludu, Vesa Matteo
The Finnic rituals of the bear hunt are a fascinating topic for anthropologists, ethnologists and folklorists. The abundant ethnographic material and rituals songs transcribed by ethnographers in the xix and xx centuries in several areas of Finland and Carelia permit quite a realistic and complete reconstruction of every phase of the rituals, including the preparations. In the Finnic regions the bear was considered both human-like and supernatural, as it was strongly connected with female gua...
Farkašová, K.; Sládek, Vladimír; Berner, M.; Ruff, C.; Holt, B. M.; Niskanen, M.; Sosna, D.; Galeta, P.; Schuplerová, E.; Hora, M.; Roman, J.; Garvin, H. M.; Garofalo, E. M.; Tompkins, D.
Roč. 147, Supplement 54 (2012), s. 142 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American-Association of Physical Anthropologists /81./. 11.04.2012-14.04.2012, Portland] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/09/0589 Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22033/pdf
Sládek, Vladimír; Galeta, P.; Sosna, D.
Roč. 138, S48 (2009), s. 242 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /78./. 31.03.2009-03.04,2009, Chicago] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : human remains * 3D data Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/122195166/PDFSTART
Sládek, Vladimír; Sosna, D.; Berner, M.
Roč. 132, S44 (2007), s. 220 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /76./. 28.03.2007-31.03.2007, Philadelphia] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : Bell beaker * Cross sections * biomechanics * bioarchaelogy Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology http://www.physanth.org/annmeet/aapa2007/aapa2007abstracts.pdf
Velemínský, P.; Likovský, Jakub; Brůžek, J.; Velemínská, J.; Šefčáková, A.; Thurzo, M.; Lefebvre, A.; Poláček, Lumír; Dobisíková, M.
Suppl. 50, - (2010), s. 234 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /79./. 14.04.2010-17.04.2010, Albuquerque] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/07/0699 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80020508; CEZ:AV0Z80010507 Keywords : anthropology * non-metric traits * Frankish Empire * Great Moravian Empire * biological diversity Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology
Sládek, Vladimír; Berner, M.; Ruff, C.; Sosna, D.; Galeta, P.; Velemínský, P.; Schuplerová, E.; Hora, M.; Roman, J.; Pankowska, A.
Roč. 147, Supplement 54 (2012), s. 271 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American-Association of Physical Anthropologists /81./. 11.04.2012-14.04.2012, Portland] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/09/0589 Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22033/pdf
Velemínský, P.; Dobisíková, M.; Stránská, Petra; Trefný, P.; Likovský, Jakub
Suppl. 36, - (2003), s. 214-215 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /72./. 23.04.2003-26.04.2003, Tempe] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/99/1358 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z8002910 Keywords : 9th-10th century * socio-economic status * health status Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology
Berner, M.; Sládek, Vladimír; Ruff, C.; Holt, B. M.; Niskanen, M.; Galeta, P.; Schuplerová, E.; Hora, M.; Roman, J.; Garvin, H. M.; Garofalo, E. M.; Tompkins, D.
Roč. 147, Supplement 54 (2012), s. 98 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American-Association of Physical Anthropologists /81./. 11.04.2012-14.04.2012, Portland] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/09/0589 Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : sexual dimorphism * European Holocene populations Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22033/pdf
This article presents an overview of Greek ethnography. It argues that ethnography in Greece cannot be seen as separate from its preceding fields of history and folklore studies, alongside Greece itself being viewed as a research field by foreign anthropologists. Because of the late introduction of anthropology in Greece it followed very quickly the main theoretical stream of postmodernism in its view of Greek society. The main argument of this article is that the introduction of postmodernis...
van Dongen, Els
In this article the author writes about mundane pragmatics, or everyday deeds, in times of suffering and uncertainty. Such pragmatics differ from cultural practices such as biomedical therapies or individual health-seeking behaviour patterns. Medical anthropologists and others working in the field of health and illness often overlook such pragmatics. However, these actions are of great social value and express the connectedness and bonds between people. They also express our deep beliefs, hopes, powerlessness and vulnerability.
Frake, C. O. (1964b). Notes on queries in ethnography. American Anthropologist, 66(3), 132–145. Retrieved May 13, 2009 from JSTOR database ...from JSTOR database . 68 Seligman, A. (1997). The problem of trust. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Simons, A. and Tucker, D...battlefield development plans, automated and hardcopy databases , arms proliferation and military power studies related to the weapons acquisition strategies
Parizot, Cédric; Stanley, Douglas,
International audience; This article reviews the process of conception and development of a documentary and artistic video game: A Crossing Industry. This game focuses on the operations of the Israeli separation regime in the West Bank during the three years following the second Intifada (2007-2010). Still in development, it is being produced by a transdisciplinary team composed of an anthropologist (Cédric Parizot), an artist (Douglas Edric Stanley), a philosopher (Jean Cristofol) and ten st...
Parrilla Martínez, Desiderio
The “nihilism of reference” is a consequence of deconstruction developed by Jacques Derrida. The theory of mimetic desire made by the anthropologist René Girard arises from a double exercise in deconstructionism. Consequently, Derrida’s deconstruction itself is also deconstructed. Thus, René Girard releases deconstruction of its nihilistic effects. El “nihilismo del referente” es una de las consecuencias del deconstruccionismo desarrollado por Jacques Derrida. La teoría del deseo mimético ...
Carlos Benítez Trinidad
The Mexican anthropologist Roger Bartra in his works makes an analysis of the evolution of the myth of European savage, rooted in the classical antiquity to evolve and adapt to the mentality of the people who were populating Europe until its expansion to the world in the late s. XV, extrapolating that mythology to the construction around the inhabitants of the New World. This mythological dimension merges with the role that the indian was acquired during the consolidation...
The book presents an integrative review of paleoneurology, the study of endocranial morphology in fossil species. The main focus is on showing how computed methods can be used to support advances in evolutionary neuroanatomy, paleoanthropology and archaeology and how they have contributed to creating a completely new perspective in cognitive neuroscience. Moreover, thanks to its multidisciplinary approach, the book addresses students and researchers approaching human paleoneurology from different angles and for different purposes, such as biologists, physicians, anthropologists, archaeologists
Plácido Fernández-Viagas Escudero
Full Text Available This paper can be considered as a cultural history analysis. Its goal is to interpret the divine vicariate of the king proclaimed in the Partidas in its legal and symbolic framework, as well to study the sacred characters attributed to the king in this code. To do this, we will use contributions from sociologists and anthropologists, which shed light on an issue that divides the historiography.
Friberg, Gustav Torbjörn
Today anthropologists seem to be increasingly studying phenomena in their own societies. Many have a focus on policies in organizations and an interest in explicating cultural phenomena constituted by power and governance. Consequently, a recent interest has emerged in Michel Foucault's philosoph...... organizational phenomena. In particular, an analysis based upon Wolf's concept can be useful for an increased understanding of policy processes in the field of higher education....
Full Text Available Indonesian anthropology was founded in 1957 and developed since then in various universities. After more than fifty years of inhabiting these lecture halls, anthropology’s orientation as a science has transformed from a discipline that bestows on graduates the ability to think into one in which graduates are prepared for a career of conductingfield research ordered by others. This article reflects on the shifts that have occurred in anthropology, focusing on three of the field’s central figures in Indonesia: Koentjaraningrat, Masri Singarimbun, and Parsudi Suparlan. During the lives of these three pioneers, anthropology playeda central role in critically evaluating humanitarian projects, and as such anthropologists frequently served to protect the weak and marginal. Anthropologists were on the frontlines of every discussion regarding the future of the nation, enabling anthropological perspectives to be accommodated in policy. Today, anthropologists seem locked into their own academic spaces. The results of anthropological field research are often said to provide unique and interesting—but irrelevant—stories. This article recommends a fundamental transformation in the curriculum, allowing the politics of science to be reconsidered and reformulated to ensure anthropology maintains a central role in resolving future humanitarian problems.
Slaus, Mario; Strinović, Davor; Petrovecki, Vedrana; Vyroubal, Vlasta
To describe the contribution of forensic anthropology to the recovery, analysis, and identification of victims from the 1991-1995 war in Croatia recovered in wells. From 1996 to the present, human remains of a total of 61 individuals have been recovered from 13 wells. Six wells contained the remains of a single individual, one well contained the remains of 2 individuals, and 6 wells contained the remains 3 or more individuals. The majority of wells, containing 90.2% (55/61) of recovered individuals, were located within a 4 km radius of the Croatian-Serbian border. Forensic anthropologists re-individualized 26/61 (42.6%) individuals out of skeletonized and commingled remains, provided basic biological data on sex, age-at-death, and stature in all identifications (n=37), as well as established positive identification by recognizing unique skeletal features (antemortem fractures and skeletal evidence of antemortem surgical interventions) in 3/37 (8.1%) cases. Trauma analyses carried out by forensic anthropologists contributed to the determination of the cause of death in 38/61 (62.3%) individuals and to the probable cause of death in an additional 18/61 (29.5%) individuals. The most frequent (27/38, 71.0%) type of trauma causing death in individuals recovered from wells was a single gunshot wound. Forensic anthropologists, collaborating closely with forensic pathologists, forensic odontologists, forensic radiologists, criminologists, and molecular biologists contributed significantly to trauma analysis and identification of war victims recovered from wells.
Kranioti, Elena; Paine, Robert
Forensic anthropology is the discipline that traditionally deals with the examination of human remains for legal purposes and it derives from the fields of anatomy, physical anthropology and forensic medicine. For more than a century, forensic anthropologists in the United States have been offering their services in the court of law complementing the medico-legal investigation of other forensic professionals. The current status in European countries is presented here. The development of forensic anthropology varies significantly among the countries of Europe. Whereas some countries show a long history of research activity in the forensic sciences, including forensic anthropology (i.e. France, Germany and Spain), others are exhibiting a recent, rapid development (i.e. United Kingdom). In some cases, forensic anthropologists are employed within the academic realm (i.e. U.K., Denmark, Portugal, Turkey), forensic institutions (Netherlands) or government organizations (Spain, Hungary), although the vast majority of them remain limited to freelance activities on a sporadic basis. Often, European scientists that deal with skeletal remains come from nonphysical anthropology disciplines such as archaeology, forensic medicine and biology. In many cases they do not have adequate training equivalent to the forensic anthropologists in the USA. Naturally, without common training and a common legal system, an accreditation system for Europe will be difficult to implement.
Goodrum, Matthew R
Paleoanthropology emerged as a science during the late nineteenth century. The discovery of prehistoric artifacts in Pleistocene deposits soon led to the excavation of fossilized human bones. The archaeologists and geologists who unearthed them were primarily concerned with determining whether the human fossils and the artifacts found with them actually dated from the Pleistocene, thus offering evidence for the geological antiquity of humans. Prehistoric archaeologists reconstructed the way of life of prehistoric peoples through the artifacts found, while anthropologists examined the human fossils. They wanted primarily to identify the races of prehistoric humans. It was within this context that French anthropologists began to use the term "paléo-anthropologie" to refer to a new scientific discipline devoted to the study of prehistoric human races and human paleontology. This essay examines how paleoanthropology was defined as a science during the 1870s and 1880s. It shows that a tension existed between the objectives and methods of archaeologists and anthropologists. Paul Topinard criticized archaeologists and argued that a new type of scientist; the paleoanthropologist trained in anatomy or zoology, was needed to study human fossils properly.
Rivera, Patrick S
In the early 20th century, many analysts - Freud and Ernest Jones in particular - were confident that cultural anthropologists would demonstrate the universal nature of the Oedipus complex and other unconscious phenomena. Collaboration between the two disciplines, however, was undermined by a series of controversies surrounding the relationship between psychology and culture. This paper re-examines the three episodes that framed anthropology's early encounter with psychoanalysis, emphasizing the important works and their critical reception. Freud's Totem and Taboo began the interdisciplinary dialogue, but it was Bronislaw Malinowski's embrace of psychoanalysis - a development anticipated through a close reading of his personal diaries - that marked a turning point in relations between the two disciplines. Malinowski argued that an avuncular (rather than an Oedipal) complex existed in the Trobriand Islands. Ernest Jones' critical dismissal of this theory alienated Malinowski from psychoanalysis and ended ethnographers' serious exploration of Freudian thought. A subsequent ethnographic movement, 'culture and personality,' was erroneously seen by many anthropologists as a product of Freudian theory. When 'culture and personality' was abandoned, anthropologists believed that psychoanalysis had been discredited as well - a narrative that still informs the historiography of the discipline and its rejection of psychoanalytical theory. Copyright © 2017 Institute of Psychoanalysis.
Anthropology and medicine share many concerns, but have had trouble collaborating in the past. The anthropologist has had to plead both with his colleagues and physicians to move beyond a vision that would confine him to the study of traditional or alternative medicines and representations of populations and the sick. The anthropologist's approach perceived as intrusive has also raised fears in the medical world. These reciprocal misunderstandings and stereotypes need to be overcome by an anthropology that studies the practices and knowledge of modern medicine as they are elaborated daily. Anthropology will dialogue with medicine without judging it. In its turn, medicine will open its sites of healing and teaching to the anthropologist. Anthropology at the heart of medicine is organized around the idea that the paths and expectations of health professionals reflect the specicifities of the local system of health. The individual dimensions of practices cannot be divorced from the functioning of structures of health and decision. Finally, like any other kind of anthropology, medical anthropology must scrutinize its own methods and ethics in a critical way.
Reitsema, Laurie J; McIlvaine, Britney Kyle
The concepts of "stress" and "health" are foundational in physical anthropology as guidelines for interpreting human behavior and biocultural adaptation in the past and present. Though related, stress and health are not coterminous, and while the term "health" encompasses some aspects of "stress," health refers to a more holistic condition beyond just physiological disruption, and is of considerable significance in contributing to anthropologists' understanding of humanity's lived experiences. Bioarchaeological interpretations of human health generally are made from datasets consisting of skeletal markers of stress, markers that result from (chronic) physiological disruption (e.g., porotic hyperostosis; linear enamel hypoplasia). Non-specific indicators of stress may measure episodes of stress and indicate that infection, disease, or nutritional deficiencies were present in a population, but in assessing these markers, bioarchaeologists are not measuring "health" in the same way as are human biologists, medical anthropologists, or primatologists. Rather than continue to diverge on separate (albeit parallel) trajectories, bioarchaeologists are advised to pursue interlinkages with other subfields within physical anthropology toward bridging "stress" and "health." The papers in this special symposium set include bioarchaeologists, human biologists, molecular anthropologists, and primatologists whose research develops this link between the concepts of "stress" and "health," encouraging new avenues for bioarchaeologists to consider and reconsider health in past human populations. Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Medical anthropology has long appreciated the clinical encounter as a rich source of data and a key site for critical inquiry. It is no surprise, then, that a number of physician-anthropologists have used their clinical insights to make important contributions to the field. How does this duality challenge and enhance the moral practice and ethics of care inherent both to ethnography and to medicine? How do bureaucratic and professional obligations of HIPAA and the IRB intersect with aspirations of anthropology to understand human experience and of medicine to heal with compassion? In this paper, I describe my simultaneous fieldwork and clinical practice at an urban women's jail in the United States. In this setting, being a physician facilitates privileged access to people and spaces within, garners easy trust, and enables an insider perspective more akin to observant participation than participant observation. Through experiences of delivering the infants of incarcerated pregnant women and of being with the mothers as they navigate drug addiction, child custody battles, and re-incarceration, the roles of doctor and anthropologist become mutually constitutive and transformative. Moreover, the dual practice reveals congruities and cracks in each discipline's ethics of care. Being an anthropologist among informants who may have been patients reworks expectations of care and necessitates ethical practice informed by the dual roles.
Full Text Available In the French law, the integration of the European Directive 2000-43, 29/6/2000, regarding equal treatment among people, irrespective of racial or ethnic origin, and the official recognition of the racial discrimination issue (EUROSTAT, 2007; FASSIN, 2010; MASCLET, 2012 led the public agencies to develop actions towards the fight against race prejudice and stereotypes, and to promote education for diversity (DIM, 2012.This study is situated in the field of educational research on discrimination in children’s education from an early age (DERMAN-SPARKS, 1989; VANDENBROECK, 2005. It examines children and young people’s illustrated books, as well as the discourse of the professionals related to these works. It comes after two studies (FRANCIS; THIERY, 2011; THIERY; FRANCIS, 2013 whose authors observed the small number of fiction books, published between 1980 and 2010, whose main character is a black child. The books in which black kids live peaceful, happy childhood experiences are rare. Black children most often appear in situations dealing with the difference, tolerance, identity, exclusion, and racism (THIERY; FRANCIS, 2015. The study proposes an analysis of some emblematic books and the comments about them, produced by the institutions of the book and reading, librarians, teaching counselors and teachers, particularly from nursery schools. In fiction books, black children characters are usually associated with themes, toponyms, and objects. The body representations are notably partially or completely mute. The space representations are simultaneously limited and bounded by literary, aesthetic and plastic reasons. The themes, comments and references found in some books regarding others show the effects of stereotyping, prejudice and highlight ethnic-racial discrimination. The results of the study invite us to question the illusion of in-differentiation of white children’s and black children’s representations in the contemporary production
Full Text Available In the French law, the integration of the European Directive 2000-43, 29/6/2000, regarding equal treatment among people, irrespective of racial or ethnic origin, and the official recognition of the racial discrimination issue (EUROSTAT, 2007; FASSIN, 2010; MASCLET, 2012 led the public agencies to develop actions towards the fight against race prejudice and stereotypes, and to promote education for diversity (DIM, 2012.This study is situated in the field of educational research on discrimination in children’s education from an early age (DERMAN-SPARKS, 1989; VANDENBROECK, 2005. It examines children and young people’s illustrated books, as well as the discourse of the professionals related to these works. It comes after two studies (FRANCIS; THIERY, 2011; THIERY; FRANCIS, 2013 whose authors observed the small number of fiction books, published between 1980 and 2010, whose main character is a black child. The books in which black kids live peaceful, happy childhood experiences are rare. Black children most often appear in situations dealing with the difference, tolerance, identity, exclusion, and racism (THIERY; FRANCIS, 2015. The study proposes an analysis of some emblematic books and the comments about them, produced by the institutions of the book and reading, librarians, teaching counselors and teachers, particularly from nursery schools. In fiction books, black children characters are usually associated with themes, toponyms, and objects. The body representations are notably partially or completely mute. The space representations are simultaneously limited and bounded by literary, aesthetic and plastic reasons. The themes, comments and references found in some books regarding others show the effects of stereotyping, prejudice and highlight ethnic-racial discrimination. The results of the study invite us to question the illusion of in-differentiation of white children’s and black children’s representations in the contemporary production
The following staff members with 25 years' service in 2003 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 20 November 2003: ALLIOD Patrick/ATGESCHONKE Gunther/AB AYMON Marcel/HRGLASER Maurice/EP BAUDET Serge/TISHUGOT Bernard/AB BENOIT-JEANNIN Brigitte/SPLJOUVE Christian/AT BERRY Peter/HRJULLIARD André/ST BIERI Catherine/STLAFAGE Patrice/ST BLANC Didier/STLAJUST Danièle/DSU BLANC Michel/ITLEGRAND Dominique/AT BOCH Guy/ITLONG Serge/EST BONZANO Roberto/STLYONNET André/EP BURCKHART Doris/EPMALOD-DOGNIN Jean-Pierre/ST BURNS Alan/ABMAURY Stephan/AC BURTIN Gérard/ABMILES John/AT CARENA Wisla/EPMONET René/EST CASTEL André/ESTMULLER André/TIS CLIFF Frank/HRPERREAL Pierre/AT CUCCURU Giovanni/ATPETERSEN Jørgen/EP DAMIANI Michel/ABPETIT Patrick/EP DELUCINGE Evelyne/ATPIERRE Patrice/AB DHOTE Patrick/SPLROUX Jacques/EP FLUCKIGER François/ITSAMYN Dirk/EP FORESTE Antonio/ESTSAVIOZ Jean Jacques/AB FRAIS...
Directors and Heads of Department from the Saclay centre of the French atomic energy commission (CEA) visited CERN in December. They are pictured here at the LHC magnet test facility in building SM18. On the left behind the visitors are the test benches where magnets are prepared for installation in String 2: the 120-metre full-scale model of an LHC cell of the regular part of the arc, which can be seen to the right. Photos 01, 02: Left to right: Marc Dejardin, Alain Givernaud, Louis Laurent, François Kircher, Antoine Masurel, Joël Feltesse, André Menez, T. Taylor, Philippe Pradelles, Bernard Sevestre, Michel Roche, Jean-Yves Gascoin, Thierry Lieven, Michel Spiro, Jean-Pierre Pervès, Yves Lemoigne, Béatrice Reder, Georges Carola, Philippe Lebrun, Yves Bourlat, Bertrand Mercier, Jean-Paul Langlois, Patrick Laurent, Didier Moulin, Xavier Vitart, Marc Serre, Jean-Louis Pierrey, Patrick Jarry, Bruno Mansoulié, Stéphane Lequien, Hervé Barbelin, Philippe Pallier, Jean-Yves Guillamot, and Norbert Sioegel.
Course d'orientation Ces deux dernières semaines, le club a organisé la troisième puis la quatrième étape de la coupe de printemps, une dans la forêt de Collogny/Moissey près de Vulbens, l’autre vers le parcours vita de Trélex. Les résultats sont: Facile court Vulbens : 1er Léo Lonchampt, O’Jura (16:04), 2e Timothée Bazin (23:07), 3e Francesco Pieri (26:57) Trélex : 1er Noora Maurent (23:11), 2e Sarah Stuber, COLJ (26:51), 3e T. Bazin (28:17) Facile moyen Vulbens : 1er Victor Kuznetsov, CO CERN (25:36), 2e Didier Descourvières (28:03), 3e Konstantinos Haider, CO CERN (36:53) Trélex : 1er V. Kuznetsov, COLJ (38:01), 2e K. Haider, CO CERN (43:15), 3e ex aequo Olivia Nguyen et Sven Vietmeier (58:11) Technique court Vulbens : 1er Benoit Bazin (41:21), 2e Colas Gintzburger (55:12), 3e Nathan Freydoz (55:48) Trélex : 1...
Full Text Available Cet article propose un ensemble de stratégies visant à développer la créativité des élèves dans le domaine de la conception technique en activités créatrices et manuelles (ACM. Plusieurs disciplines sont convoquées afin de provoquer une démarche interdisciplinaire intégrant le français, le design d'objets (robots et la programmation informatique. Le modèle théorique de John Didier et Denis Leuba resituant l'objet produit dans un processus de socialisation, permet d'intégrer l'objet technique dans un cadre plus large, en l'occurrence ses multiples usages sociaux possibles. Dans l'expérimentation analysée, le robot devient un élément d'un processus de communication aboutissant dans la réalisation d'une pièce de théâtre. L'objet technique n'est plus ainsi réduit à un artefact matériel, mais il devient instrument de communication de sens, en d'autres termes, il devient en quelque sorte un média.
Cenadelli, Davide; Bernagozzi, Andrea
In 1995, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz announced they discovered 51 Pegasi b, the first planet ever found around a star other than the Sun. This discovery turned out to be a milestone of recent astronomy, as it opened up a new field of research that is growing impressively these days. However, 51 Pegasi b has surprising properties as compared to the planets of the Solar System, as it is a giant planet on a very close-in orbit around its parent star. Hence, its discovery was unexpected and its actual existence did not go unchallenged. In the following years, a passionate debate sprang up, and finally astronomers accepted it, but at the price of a deep revision of our understanding of how planetary systems are formed and evolve. In the present paper, we reconstruct the dynamics of the discovery of 51 Pegasi b and the first exoplanets, the quarrel that arose among astronomers and the final acceptance of the existence of planets with unexpected characteristics. This remarkable story is recounted by means of published literature as well as interviews with several of its main protagonists.
Laffaille, Didier; Bischoff, Torsten; Merkel, Marcus; Rohrig, Kurt; Glatigny, Alain; Quitmann, Eckard; Lehec, Guillaume; Teirlynck, Thierry; Stahl, Oliver
The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on renewable energies integration to power grids. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, more than 150 participants exchanged views on the perspectives and possible solutions of this integration in order to warrant the security of supplies and the grid stability in a context of increasing injection and decentralization of renewable power sources. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - French distribution grids - Overview and perspectives (Didier Laffaille); 2 - Distribution Grids in Germany - Overview and Perspective (Torsten Bischoff); 3 - Integration of renewable energies into distribution grids - a case example from Germany (Marcus Merkel); 4 - Regeneratives Kombikraftwerk Deutschland: System Services with 100 % Renewable energies (Kurt Rohrig); 5 - Overview of the different grid instrumentation-control and automation tools (Alain Glatigny); 6 - Which Ancillary Services needs the Power System? The contribution from Wind Power Plants (Eckard Quitmann); 7 - The Flexibility Aggregator - the example of the GreenLys Project (Guillaume Lehec); 8 - Energy Pool - Providing flexibility to the electric system. Consumption cut-off solutions in France (Thierry Teirlynck); 9 - Demand Response experiences from Germany (Oliver Stahl)
Maria Alice Ribeiro Gabriel
Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2015v68n2p43 Como ver o corpo além de sua materialidade é, obviamente, uma das maiores preocupações da ficção gótica de Edgar Allan Poe: “Metzengerstein”, “Morella”, “Ligeia”, “Uma estória das montanhas Ragged”, “Revelação mesmérica” e “Os fatos no caso de monsieur Valdemar” são alguns exemplos. Mas em seu grotesque cômico “O homem que fora consumido – Uma história das velhas campanhas dos Bugaboos e Kickapoos”, o humor negro e a sátira social prevalecem quando a trama centra-se no famoso brigadeiro por distinção John A. B. C. Smith e na obsessão do protagonista “Sobre este assunto – o do aspecto pessoal de Smith”. Este artigo pretende estabelecer algumas observações sobre as personagens do general Smith e do narrador não nomeado, utilizando como parâmetro teórico para esta análise os conceitos de patologia da adaptação, de Mahmoud Sami-Ali, e os de personalidade narcísica e estado-limite, desenvolvidos por Didier Anzieu.
Laffaille, Didier; Boemer, Jens; Fraisse, Jean-Luc; Mignon, Herve; Gonot, Jean-Pierre; Rohrig, Kurt; Lange, Matthias; Bagusche, Daniel; Wagner, Stefan; Schiel, Johannes
The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on the grid integration of wind farms. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, more than 80 participants exchanged views on the evolutions of tariffs and licensing procedures, and on grid capacity improvements and production forecasts. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - The necessary evolution of billing and procedures for wind turbines connection to the grid in France (Didier Laffaille); 2 - Improvement of wind turbines integration to the grid in the framework of the EEG 2009 law (Jens Boemer); 3 - Decentralized power generation on the French power grids - 15, 20 kV and low voltage (Jean-Luc Fraisse); 4 - GOTTESWIND? Solution for the future: towards a grid evolution (Herve Mignon); 5 - Production forecasts in Germany - State-of-the-art and challenges for the grid exploitation (Kurt Rohrig); 6 - High-voltage lines capacity evaluation in meteorological situations with high wind energy production (Matthias Lange); 7 - The IPES project for the integration of wind energy production in the exploitation of the French power system (Jean-Pierre Gonot); 8 - Experience feedback from a wind turbine manufacturer in France and in Germany (Daniel Bagusche); 9 - Solutions for grid security improvement and capacity enhancement: cooperation between grid and power plant operators (Stefan Wagner); 10 - Open questions on wind energy integration to French and German grids (Johannes Schiel)
Drawing on the work of Didier Eribon and his theorization of the construction of gay male subjectivity, this article examines different "texts," broadly defined, that grapple specifically with straight men attempting to represent male homosexuality: Norman Mailer's essay, "The Homosexual Villain"; the Bravo reality television series Boy Meets Boy, and Michael Griffith's short story, "Hooper Gets a Perm." These texts represent attempts by straight authors to grapple with queer experience in ways that move the imagination of queers beyond simple stereotypes or uncritical explorations of the sexual "other." In the process of examining these texts, the following questions are addressed: What happens when a straight man attempts to represent a gay man? Does he "get it right," and is such a question even useful? More specifically, what is the value in having straights imagine queerness? Is such an imagining possible? Is such desirable? And, if so, what are the contours of such an imagining-as well as its possibilities and limitations, pedagogically, personally, and politically? Ultimately, I contend that the straight imagining of queerness offers rich potential for mutual understanding; furthermore, attempting to understand what goes into the making of those representations tells us much about how queerness circulates in our culture as a subject, a figure of discussion, contention, and representation.
Fleuret, J.L. [Conseil Regional Rhone-Alpes (France); Juquois, F.; Beutin, Ph. [Agence de l' Environnement et de la Maitrise de l' Energie, ADEME, 75 - Paris (France); Jautard, Y. [Office du Tourisme d' Ales, 30 (France); Fromont, R.; Detry, N. [Auberge Royale des Pauvres (Italy); Ferrier, J. [Total 92 - Courbevoie (France); Prignot, I. [Association de Promotion des Energies Renouvelables Wallonie, Bruxelles (APERe) (Belgium); Pellegrin, F. [Union National des Architectes (UNSFA), 75 - Paris (France); Greipmeier, K. [Zentrum fur Rationelle Energieanwendung und Umwelt Gmbh ZREU (Germany); Jedlizka, M.; Lenoire, D. [Cler/ Hespul, 69 - Villeurbanne (France); Mansot, J. [Ademe, 69 - Lyon (France)
This second conference of the thematic work package ''building integrated photovoltaic'' was held exclusively in French. Primarily aimed at architects and technical services of local municipalities, this conference was opened by Jean-Loup FLEURET, Vice President of the Regional Government (Region Rhone Alpes). Following this opening speech, Didier LENOIR, President of the CLER, discussed the current energy context, followed by Fabrice JUQUOIS of the ADEME Renewable Energies Department who presented the French photovoltaic market. Alain GUIAVARCH, from the Ecole des Mines, Paris presented their new software for simulating the thermal impact of photovoltaic on buildings. The first Round Table gave architects the opportunity to discuss their past and future projects, whilst a series of images illustrating their projects were projected. Alain BANSAC, Vice-President of the National Architects Union (UNSFA) summarised the round table. The afternoon session of this conference was opened by PREDAC partner Klaus GREIPMEIER (ZREU) with a stimulating overview of the German BIPV market. Alain RICAUD from Cythelia then presented their software for sizing photovoltaic for building integration. The second Round Table gave the microphone to system owners - from private individuals to local councils and special use buildings, demonstrating the varied motivations and needs of final-end Clients. Marc JEDLICZKA (CLER Vice-president and Hespul General Director) and Philippe BEUTIN (ADEME RES Department Head) summarised the second round tables, before Jose MANSOT, the Regional ADEME Delegate, closed the day. (author)
Club de pétanque
C'est sous une journée radieuse que s'est déroulé le jeudi 29 août 2013 notre concours interne "Challenge Jean-Claude Frot"pour la seizième année consécutive. Trente deux participants soit seize doublettes se disputaient en trois parties avec tirage à la mêlée. Notre concours ouvert à tous les amateurs de pétanque recevait Saint-Genis-Pouilly en la présence de leur président Didier Patroix,le club de Mouxy et son président Gino Nogare ainsi que des membres du club de Machilly. Après délibération de notre juge arbitre Claude Jouve quatre joueurs avaient gagné les trois parties et il fallait donc approfondir avec le goal avérage par les points faits et les points laissés faire. 1er : Jean-Jacques Stuppi,membre du club de Machilly et qui devient ...
Champion, Didier; Chouha, Michel; Damette, Guy; Durand, Vanessa; Besnus, Francois; Renaud, Philippe; Adam-Guillermin, Christelle; Laurier, Dominique; Chabrier, Patrick; Chauveau, Thomas; Thiry, Yves; Menetrier, Florence; Chevillard, Sylvie; Lesueur, Fabienne; Schneider, Thierry
The French Society of Radiation Protection (SFRP) organized a technical meeting on the present day situation of the Chernobyl site, 30 years after the accident of the nuclear power plant. The review deals with the situation of the facility and of its safety works, the environment, the management of wastes, the workers and populations exposure, and the health monitoring of the exposed populations. This document brings together the abstracts and the presentations (slides) of the different talks given at the meeting: 1 - The main highlights 30 years after the Chernobyl accident (Didier CHAMPION, SFRP); 2 - Circumstances, progress and consequences of the Chernobyl accident - Lessons and experience feedback for the other RBMK reactors (Michel CHOUHA, IRSN); 3 - Chernobyl, a confinement arch for 100 years (Patrick CHABRIER, Thomas CHAUVEAU - BOUYGUES); 4 - The reactor wastes management and the dismantling operations (Guy DAMETTE - IRSN); 5 - Environment contamination in the vicinity of the site (Yves THIRY - ANDRA); 6 - Impact of the accident on agriculture (Vanessa DURAND - IRSN); 7 - The fate of remediation wastes (Francois BESNUS - IRSN); 8 - Chernobyl fallouts in France (Philippe RENAUD - IRSN); 9 - The ecological consequences of the Chernobyl accident (Christelle ADAM-GUILLERMIN - IRSN); 10 - Results of liquidators and populations exposure (Florence MENETRIER - CEA); 11 - Thyroid cancers monitoring in the Chernobyl area and the role of modifying genetic factors (Fabienne LESUEUR - Institut Curie); 12 - Results of the Chernobyl accident health impact studies (Dominique LAURIER - IRSN); 13 - Impact on populations living condition (Thierry SCHNEIDER - CEPN); 14 - Molecular signature of radiation induced thyroid tumors (Sylvie CHEVILLARD - CEA)
CERN-HI-1107166 01 1er rang: La chancelière Corina Casanova, le conseiller fédéral Johann N. Schneider-Ammann, le conseiller fédéral Ueli Maurer, la conseillère fédérale Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf, la conseillère fédérale Simonetta Sommaruga, la Présidente de la Confédération Micheline Calmy-Rey, le Directeur général du CERN Rolf Heuer, la conseillère fédérale Doris Leuthard, le conseiller fédéral Didier Burkhalter. 2è rang: Le vice-chancelier André Simonazzi , le vice-chancelier Thomas Helbling, la chef des relations internationales Felicitas Pauss, le directeur de la recherche et du calcul scientifique Sergio Bertolucci. 3è rang: Les scientifiques suisses: Ulrich Straumann (LHCb, Zürich et délégué suisse au Conseil du CERN), Rainer Wallny (CMS, ETHZ), Günther Dissertori (CMS, ETHZ), Antonio Ereditato (ATLAS, Bern), Tatsuya Nakada (LHCb, EPFL), Olivier Schneider (LHCb, EPFL), Martin Pohl (ATLAS, Genève), Vincenzo Chiochia (CM, Zürich), Giuseppe Iacobucci (ATLAS, Genève), le C...
Aliny Santos Justino
Full Text Available In this paper, we develop the theoretical approach daily as part of the writing itself, according to the formulations of Philippe Lejeune (2008 and Béatrice Didier (1991. Thus, our main objective is to analyze the relationship between daily and memory in O amanuense Belmiro. Thus, exposing the characteristics that make up the structure and functioning of the diary will always lead to the establishment of specific manifestations of this relationship on the novel by Cyro dos Anjos. Initially, we analyze the relationship between the diary and the memories, once that the diary is presented for the narrator-character as a way of turning present situations into memory. Accordingly, we discuss the contrast between past and present that make up the Belmiro diary. Then, we will treat the diary as a way to isolate itself from the present – and here are included initial assumptions that characterize the diary and their training, in turn, favor the character's reflections on his past and present – where we will distinguish between those included in the diary and others who have a relationship with the narrative action. Finally, we will discuss the formulation of Maurice Blanchot (1987 to analyze the tense relationship between diary and novel in the construction of this novel.
Full Text Available Stock market crashes have been a constant subject of interest among capital market researchers. Crashes’ behavior has been largely studied, but the problem that remained unsolved until recently, was that of a prediction algorithm. Stock market crashes are complex and global events, rarely taking place on a singular national capital market. They usually occur simultaneously on several if not most capital markets, implying important losses among the investors. Investments made within various stock markets have an extremely important role within the global economy, influencing people’s lives in many ways. Presently, stock market crashes are being studied with great interest, not only because of the necessity of a deep understanding of the phenomenon, but also because of the fact that these crashes belong to the so-called category of “extreme phenomena”. Those are the main reasons that determined scientists to try building mathematical models for crashes prediction. Such a model was built by Professor Didier Sornette, inspired and adapted from an earthquake detection model. Still, the model keeps many characteristics of its predecessor, not being fully adapted to the economic realities and demands, or to the stock market’s characteristics. This paper attempts to test the utility of the model in predicting Bucharest Stock Exchange’s price falls, as well as the possibility of it being successfully used by investors.
Full Text Available The concept of “feminine writing” has caused much controversy in time. It appeared in France after the feminist movements in 1970, as a reaction to the lack of visibility of women writers, and it had three important stages. The first, temporally placed right after the events, whose spokeswoman was Hélène Cixous and was marked by her disputatious spirit. In the second stage, between the 80s and the 90s, a less troubled period, as the revolutionary enthusiasm decreased, the works of reference are those signed by Béatrice Didier and Christine Planté. A third stage is the one we are in at the moment – the stage from the beginning of the millennium – characterized by the fact that gender studies are more and more frequent and the efforts to reinstate a literature that has been ignored for a long time, as well as the concern to bring to the fore the literary femininity multiply. If in the period before the postmodernist era feminine literature had certain peculiarities due also to the social situation of women in a masculine society, nowadays the process of un-differentiation – a reflex of an equality that women gained with so much difficulty – is also manifested in the writing field.
This document brings together the available presentations given at the conference organised by the French society of radiation protection about the Fukushima accident, its radiological consequences and the first lessons learnt. Sixteen presentations (slides) are compiled in this document and deal with: 1 - Accident progress and first actions (Thierry Charles, IRSN); 2 - Conditions and health monitoring of the Japanese intervention teams (Bernard Le Guen, EDF); 3 - The Intra Group action after the Fukushima accident (Michel Chevallier, Groupe Intra; Frederic Mariotte, CEA); 4 - Processing of effluents (Georges Pagis, Areva); 5 - Fukushima accident: impact on the terrestrial environment in Japan (Didier Champion, IRSN); 6 - Consequences of the Fukushima accident on the marine environment (Dominique Boust, IRSN); 7 - Territories decontamination perspectives (Pierre Chagvardieff, CEA); 8 - Actions undertaken by Japanese authorities (Florence Gallay, ASN); 9 - Japanese population monitoring and health stakes (Philippe Pirard, InVS); 10 - Citizen oversight actions implemented in Japan (David Boilley, ACRO); 11 - Implementation of ICRP's (International Commission on Radiological Protection) recommendations by Japanese authorities: first analysis (Jacques Lochard, CIPR); 12 - Control of Japan imported food stuff (David Brouque, DGAL); 13 - Questions asked by populations in France and in Germany (Florence-Nathalie Sentuc, GRS; Pascale Monti, IRSN); 14 - Labour law applicable to French workers working abroad (Thierry Lahaye, DGT); 15 - Protection of French workers working in Japan, Areva's experience (Patrick Devin, Areva); 16 - Fukushima accident experience feedback and post-accident nuclear doctrine (Jean-Luc Godet, ASN)
Mann, R S
Social scientists, and especially anthropologists, have failed to provide the type of cultural information needed to develop effective strategies for increasing family planning acceptance among India's rural ethnic and tribal groups. Anthropologists have provided detailed description of the social behavior and of the material culture of these diverse groups, but they have not furnished information on the mental or emic aspects of their cultures. Effective program strategies must be tailored to the underlying cultural codes which govern, organize, and integrate the observed behavior of these groups. Knowledge of the cultural codes, or cognitive maps of the culture, permits an outsider to understand why individuals in specific cultures behave the way they do and how the diverse aspects of observed behavior are interconnected. Strategies developed on the basis of observed behavior often fail to effect change because they are based on false assumptions about how the culture operates. A technique, componential analysis, for ascertaining the underlying code or cognitive map of a culture was developed during the 1950s, and this approach should be more widely applied in anthropological investigations in India. An approach for developing effective population and family planning programs should include: 1) strengthening the academic training of anthropologists and preparing them to undertake microlevel research aimed at delineating the cognitive maps of India's ethnic communities, 2) using the cognitive maps derived from investigations to develop program strategies, 3) assigning specific tasks to the various organizations and agencies involved in family planning in accordance with the cultural requirements of the target population, 4) coordinating the tasks of the different organizations, and 5) conducting ongoing evaluation research to assess the effectiveness of the programs and to detect weak program components which need to be brought more into line with the cognitive
Full Text Available Norbert Elias señalaba que calificar a las investigaciones según su grado de compromiso o distanciamiento de los objetos de estudio, es parte de los valores en tanto juicios prácticos que los intelectuales empleamos en el desarrollo de nuestra actividad. La profusa invocación al compromiso en la antropología latinoamerican, habla de lo que quienes lo invocan desean hacer con sus antropologías, y también de cómo este ideal nos ha modelado a los antropólogos. En este artículo muestro las formas y razones antropológicas y específicamente argentinas por las cuales la "antropología social" y el "compromiso" se constituyeron recíprocamente en el sentido común de nuestra subdisciplina en la Argentina. un doble posicionamiento-político-universitario y epistemológico-de un sector de los antropólogos argentinos que caracterizaré como profético.According to Norbert Elias, to qualify research according to its degree of commitment to, or detachment from its objects, is a practical value that intellectuals use in pursuing their job. Current references to commitment (compromiso by Latin American anthropologists, talk about those colleagues' perspectives on anthropology, and also about the ways in which such a notion has modeled them as anthropologists. Here I examine how and why Argentine anthropologists have made of "social anthropology" and "commitment" the backbone of their discipline in Argentina, both in university politics and in academic work in the 60-70s. I also suggest that anthropological debates on prophets and prophetism may cast some light upon this process.
Vanderlei Sebastião de Souza
Full Text Available The thesis deals with the history of physical anthropology and the debates on race and nation at the beginning of the twentieth century, focusing on the anthropological studies carried out by the physician and anthropologist Edgard Roquette-Pinto. As a scientist linked to the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro between 1905 and 1935, he was dedicated to research on anthropology and ethnography of Brazil, through which he sought not only to describe the formative racial characteristics of the country, but also to evaluate the biological feasibility, psychological character and social conditions of the population. By linking Roquette-Pinto's nationalist activism, his public actions and his dialogue with the anthropological thought of the time, the thesis analyzes the relations between anthropology, nation and politics, highlighting the national and international frontiers involved in the debate. Roquette-Pinto's anthropology was based both on a national context and Brazilian intellectual and scientific concerns, and the international debate on race and populations. On the one hand, the thesis analyzes the dialogue and the controversies between the anthropologist and Brazilian writers, such as Euclides da Cunha, Manoel Bomfim, Oliveira Vianna, Renato Kehl and Gilberto Freyre, seeking to understand how controversies about racial miscegenation, immigration and the settlement of Brazil were central to the construction of interpretations, diagnostics and projects of national reform. On the other hand, the work shows how his anthropological writing was constructed in dialogue with physical anthropologists, historians and foreign eugenists, mostly German and American, including Charles Davenport, Madison Grant, Eugen Fischer, Rüdiger Bilden and Franz Boas. One of the arguments defended here is that the anthropology of Roquette-Pinto becomes more intelligible when analyzing the international debate involving anthropological studies and intellectual
Full Text Available Les temps de l’archivage de terrain. Les documents intermédiaires, du papier à l’ordinateur. La revisite de terrains ethnologiques passés fournit l’occasion de faire le point sur les méthodes employées et leur évolution entre deux moments de la recherche. Elle permet également le passage et la continuité des travaux d’un ethnologue vers un autre. Nous traiterons ces deux angles au travers d’une expérience concrète réalisée sur les travaux ethnologiques des Baronnies de Bigorre. Outre les présentations des deux enquêtes de terrain, la première effectuée de 1974 à 1976 et la seconde fin 2005/début 2006, nous interrogerons les différences dans la pratique ethnographique et les raisons du changement, puis nous nous poserons la question de l’utilisation des documents intermédiaires du premier ethnologue par le second.The times of archiving the fieldwork. Intermediary documents, from paper to computer. Revisiting areas studied by anthropologists in the past provides an opportunity to take stock of the methods used and how they have evolved between two periods of research. It also enables work to continue and be passed from one anthropologist to another. We shall look at both these angles using an actual experiment carried out on the ethnological work in the Baronnies de Bigorre region. As well as presenting both of the field surveys, the first carried out from 1974 to 1976 and the second from the end of 2005 into early 2006, we shall be examining the differences in ethnological practices and the reasons behind these changes, and then looking at how the second anthropologist has made use of the first anthropologist’s intermediary documents.
Turner, Trudy R; Bernstein, Robin M; Taylor, Andrea B; Asangba, Abigail; Bekelman, Traci; Cramer, Jennifer Danzy; Elton, Sarah; Harvati, Katarina; Williams-Hatala, Erin Marie; Kauffman, Laurie; Middleton, Emily; Richtsmeier, Joan; Szathmáry, Emőke; Torres-Rouff, Christina; Thayer, Zaneta; Villaseñor, Amelia; Vogel, Erin
American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA) membership surveys from 1996 and 1998 revealed significant gender disparities in academic status. A 2014 follow-up survey showed that gender equality had improved, particularly with respect to the number of women in tenure-stream positions. However, although women comprised 70% of AAPA membership at that time, the percentage of women full professors remained low. Here, we continue to consider the status of women in biological anthropology by examining the representation of women through a quantitative analysis of their participation in annual meetings of the AAPA during the past 20 years. We also review the programmatic goals of the AAPA Committee on Diversity Women's Initiative (COD-WIN) and provide survey results of women who participated in COD-WIN professional development workshops. Finally, we examine the diversity of women's career paths through the personal narratives of 14 women biological anthropologists spanning all ranks from graduate student to Professor Emeritus. We find that over the past 20 years, the percentage of women first authors of invited symposia talks has increased, particularly in the sub-disciplines of bioarchaeology, genetics, and paleoanthropology. The percentage of women first authors on contributed talks and posters has also increased. However, these observed increases are still lower than expected given the percentage of graduate student women and women at the rank of assistant and associate professor. The personal narratives highlight first-hand the impact of mentoring on career trajectory, the challenges of achieving work-life satisfaction, and resilience in the face of the unexpected. We end with some suggestions for how to continue to improve equality and equity for women in biological anthropology. © 2018 American Association of Physical Anthropologists.
Lisa I. Knight
Full Text Available Anthropologists have long been concerned with issues of representation and the problematic structures of power that characterize the relationship of researcher and subject. This article takes field work confrontations and anxieties as opportunities through which to examine some of the challenges of representing religious lives in comprehensible and meaningful ways, not simply to scholars but also—perhaps especially—to those from within the tradition we’re studying. Drawing on work that emphasizes dialogical processes of knowledge production and its ethical implications, the author considers moments of transformation during and resulting from fieldwork as a model for moving forward.
Velemínský, P.; Stránská, Petra; Dupej, J.; Havelková, P.; Kaupová, S.; Frolík, Jan; Poláček, Lumír; Brůžek, J.
Roč. 162, S64 (2017), s. 394 ISSN 0002-9483. [Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists /86./. 19.04.2017-22.04.2017, New Orleans] R&D Projects: GA ČR GB14-36938G Institutional support: RVO:67985912 ; RVO:68081758 Keywords : Early Middle Ages * sex ual dimorphism * anthropology * Central Europe Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology; AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology (ARUB-Q) OBOR OECD: Archaeology; Archaeology (ARUB-Q) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.23210/pdf
Kjær, Katrine Meldgaard; Leer, Jonatan
Food studies and the study of food and gender have been particularly strong scholarly currents in the US. Here, anthropologist Carole Counihan was one of the first scholars to work with the food-gender intersection. Over the past four decades, she has continued to work with the area in an array...... of different contexts. In this interview, Counihan describes how she has worked with the gendering of food culture. Along the way, she also offers her perspectives on working in changing academic environments and shares her suggestions for future areas of research....
Heymann, Luciana Quillet
The project in memory of anthropologist, writer and politician Darcy Ribeiro is analyzed, with emphasis on the relationship he had with his personal archives and the creation of the Darcy Ribeiro Foundation, established to give continuity to his 'legacy.' It highlights the influences present in the formation of his archive and presents an ethnography that seeks to restore the historicity of the archive. It reveals the significance attributed to it by the creator himself, and after his death, by those responsible for his memory. From this study, an attempt is made to evaluate the analytical return from socio-historical approaches to the archives.
Paulo Henrique Martinez
Full Text Available The political history of the Museu do Índio, founded in 1953 in Rio de Janeiro under the institutional guiding of the anthropologist Darcy Ribeiro, enables to establish some social relations with elements of nature in Brazil. The study of the initial moment of the constitution of this cultural heritage, its history and the disputes it begot, even in memory, starts from the notion of "deceptive coherence" of a generation of ethnologists, intellectuals and of the military and the Brazilian National State policies in the 50s. The consulted sources and documentation are journalistic, bibliographic and archivistic.
Howell, Edwina Maurey
Tangled Up in Black is a work of anthropology that both critiques and celebrates the discipline as much as it does the subject of the thesis, ‘A study of the activist strategies of the Black Power movement (in Australia) through the life of Gary Foley’. It is most influenced by the life work of the subject, Gary Foley as well as that of anthropologist Michael Taussig and philosopher and literary critic, Walter Benjamin, in particular his ‘Thesis on the Philosophy of History’. I have enga...
Javier de Carlos Izquierdo
Full Text Available Year 53 BC, Julius Caesar had some problems in his campaign in Gaul. The great campaigns and conquest operations were finished and in that moment there were only peace operations. Roman politicians and people of Rome were opposed to war spending. Therefore, Julius Caesar wrote his Book VII of the Gallic Wars. He described the military operations at 53 BC with detailed ethnographic aspects of the conquered people. Julius Caesar used ethnography for its own benefit. Recently the use of anthropologists in Iraq and Afghanistan by the army of the United States has been very controversial. This paper analyzes this fact and its meaning.
Full Text Available This article aims at examining the interaction between anthropology and education with a particular focus on reciprocal advantages of such interaction for both disciplines. Cultural therapy, a model developed by George Spindler, serves as an illustration of the positive outcome of this interdisciplinary co-operation, presenting an important contribution to the theory and practice of scholars and practitioners in the fields of anthropology, educational anthropology and education. This article also provides a number of examples of application of cultural therapy by both anthropologists and educators.
anthropology engages groups of people within collaborative, interdisciplinary, inter-organizational design processes and co-analytic activities vs. the individual anthropologist conducting studies of people. In doing anthropology by means of design as Gatt and Ingold (2013) have shown, design is considered...... the process of research rather than its object. In its temporal orientation, anthropology by means of design moves, ‘…forward with people in tandem with their desires and aspirations rather than going back over times passed’ (ibid 2013: 141). Doing design by means of anthropology takes as its most fundamental...
This paper describes research being carried out by the Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE), at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This program works on projects which are solvable, affordable, and outside the scope of the private sector. Examples are presented of work related to: the lifetime of childrens fingerprints compared to adults; the development of ways of providing cooler body armor; digital enhancement technology applied to security-camera images from crime scenes; victim identification by skeletal reconstruction for use by forensic anthropologists.
Hastrup, Kirsten Blinkenberg
as an experiment in real time, where insights gained intersubjectively gradually shape up as knowledge through analysis. This line of thought is brought to bear on a discussion of collaboration between anthropologists, archaeologists, and biologists in North West Greenland. Through actual experiences from...... the field, this article shows how knowledge generated on the edge of one’s familiar disciplinary territory may both expand and intensify the anthropological field. Collaborative moments are seen to make new anthropological insights emerge through the co-presence of several analytical perspectives...
Durão, Susana; Bastos, Cristiana; Williams, Brackette F.
Brackette F. Williams is an American anthropologist and a Senior Justice Advocate, currently an associate professor of Cultural Anthropology at the University of Arizona. She studied at the University of Cornell, the University of Arizona, and received her doctorate from Johns Hopkins University. Her work interweaves matters of race, gender, class, ideology and politics in a unique manner – as seen in the article “A class act: Anthropology and the race to nation across ethnic terrain” (Ann...
Full Text Available Fieldwork is essential for any anthropologist. It implies an extended stay in the field, maintaining meaningful relationships with those known as key informants and/or partners. In this context, our emotional (and sexual involvement should not be surprising; however, a taboo has been created regarding the issue (Kulick and Willson 1995; Newton 1993. So this article is situated, through the narration of my own fieldwork experience, in the line of reflecting on disciplinary taboos and their implications in doing fieldwork, in legitimizing some ways of knowing and not others as well as their later reflection in the ethnographic writing.
Roberto Pineda Camacho
Full Text Available Colombia’s anthropology of the Amazon, like the other Latin American anthropologists of the rain forest, was concerned whit developing a historical vision of the place, complementing in this way other metropolitan perspectives on basin that were centered, whit few exceptions, around a synchronic perspective. Understanding such situation demanded from them not only the explorations of oral traditions, but also conceiving the anthropology of the Amazon as a historical anthropology of the Andes, from India and in the context of the certain metropolitan anthropologies.
Full Text Available This report summarizes a ground-breaking workshop on the strategic direction of acupuncture research which was held in York in early July 2006. Three days were spent discussing the history, the philosophy and the practicalities of researching acupuncture. Attending the workshop were an international group of researchers with varied backgrounds, including acupuncturists, physicians, physiotherapists, sociologists and anthropologists. Supported by the Medical Research Council's Health Services Research Collaboration, Elsevier and others, this workshop was an opportunity to brainstorm the issues and to the concerns in the field and set out directions for research that would tackle some of the major challenges facing the acupuncture research community.
Full Text Available This study analyses the translation process into English of terms and expressions in the works written respectively by the anthropologists Roberto Da Matta and Darcy Ribeiro and in their respective translation. Our research project draws on Corpus-Based Translation Studies (Baker, 1995, 1996, 2000; Camargo, 2007, Corpus Linguistics (Berber Sardinha, 2004 and on some concepts of Terminology (Barros, 2004. Results show that terms do not present univocity within the language related to Brazilian Anthropology.The translated terms also reflect a cultural change due to the options chosen by the respective translators for the target language.
Buhmann, Caecilie Böck; Nielsen, Karoline Kragelund
Mortality estimates can be used for research, to inform or influence policy, for reconciliation processes, to plan health delivery and relief operations and for legal purposes. Many different methods have been applied and each has strengths and weaknesses. Recent years have seen an international...... effort in various disciplines like humanitarian actors, demographers and forensic anthropologists to cooperate, and efforts are being made to make data collection more systematic and valid. However, there are political, methodological and security-related challenges that must be overcome. Udgivelsesdato...
Sejrsen, B; Lynnerup, N; Hejmadi, M
The Institute of Forensic Medicine, Copenhagen, houses a collection of historical skulls of unclear origin, marked with a general geographic or "racial descriptor". Would these historical skulls be of any value for the forensic odontologist and anthropologist concerned with teaching and casework...... ethnicity based on skull measurements in overall 70% of the cases. It was found that this historical collection does show expected dental non-metric and craniometric traits and the collection may be of value in forensic casework in terms of comparison and for teaching purposes....
Krishan, Kewal; Kanchan, Tanuj
Cranial sutures and synchondrosis have long been studied by forensic scientists, human anatomists, and anthropologists for estimation of age in different population groups. Observation of the closure of spheno-occipital synchondrosis has an important role to play in the estimation of age in the examination of unknown human remains when a skull is brought for examination. The present article reviews the studies conducted on the closure of spheno-occipital synchondrosis and presents a few valuable considerations that would be essential for carrying out research related to closure of spheno-occipital synchondrosis in humans. PMID:24255553
Haderbache Bernárdez, Ahmed
Gay porn is one of the gay masculine foundation. Gays take on their porn consumption as specialists or as simple spectators. Actors like Aiden Shaw, Francois Sagat, Martín Mazza or more recently Colby Keller -the sex worker and anthropologist- have become authentic myths. A part of the gay magazines (e.g. Advocate, Têtu or Shangay) are dedicated to that kind of innovation. However, talking about gay porn leads us to think of how the society has evolved and of the changes the LGBTQ have gone t...
Pablo Ruiz Lozano
Full Text Available René Girard is an anthropologist, who has proposed an original hypothesis about the scapegoat mechanism and the relation between violence and religion. Starting from it he intends to work out a criticism of modernity, seeking out to recuperate the role of Christianity in the culture. From this perspective, he approaches the work of F. Nietzsche showing the two faces he finds out in the thinker: his intuition about the hidden truth of violence; and his rejection of this truth, to return to the violent origins of culture.
Conclusion: Mean values of the heart’s length and width was similar to previous reports from western population. The circumference of the tricuspid valve was less than the textbook’s data, while circumference of the mitral valves was more than it. The study findings provide valuable information about standard data of the heart in the Iranian population, which is useful for surgeons as well as anthropologists. However, multi-center studies with a larger sample size are required to complete data about anatomical characteristics of normal hearts.
Full Text Available The overseas dispersal and subsequent history of people of African descent – the African diaspora – has attracted much interest in recent decades from anthropologists, archaeologists and historians, particularly in the USA. But such studies have seldom been undertaken by archaeologists with experience of West Africa and its material culture. In a new project on the African heritage in colonial Louisiana, members of the Institute are collaborating with American colleagues to combine expertise on cultural contacts in the Americas between Native Americans, Africans and European colonists.
Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Nibbs, Faith G.
While culture has a significant effect on the appropriate interpretation of textual data, the incorporation of cultural considerations into data transformations has not been systematic. Recognizing that the successful prevention of terrorist activities could hinge on the knowledge of the subcultures, Anthropologist and DHS intern Faith Nibbs has been addressing the need to incorporate cultural knowledge into the analytical process. In this Brown Bag she will present how cultural ideology is being used to understand how the rhetoric of group leaders influences the likelihood of their constituents to engage in violent or radicalized behavior, and how violent intent modeling can benefit from understanding that process.
Full Text Available Karoly Kerenyi (1897–1973 had studied classical philology in Budapest and in Germany. He was professor in Pécs between 1934 and 1941, and in Szeged between 1941 and 1943. After his first official visit to Switzerland in 1943, he was prevented from returning first by the war and then by the Communist regime, which was established in Hungary in 1947. His research and publications on Greek mythology and other topics established his reputation in Europe, but this cultural anthropologist of the classical world nonetheless remained something of an outsider within the academic field of classical philology.
Luisa Posada Kubissa
Full Text Available This paper deals with the conception of the body paying particular attention to how it has been associated with the feminine. Starting from a revision of theories on the body as a social construction, as argued by Foucault, Bourdieu or Butler, the text highlights the current work of Spanish anthropologist Mari Luz Esteban. Having her work as a starting point, our proposal is to vindicate the female body, neither as essence nor as pure construction, but as a practice that allows us to think of it excluded from “commercial circulation” or dominationties.
Full Text Available This article outlines the techniques and methods used by anthropologists in their studyconcerning proper names, highlighting the most important developments taking place in this area. Proper nouns are culture-bound and vary from one society to another, and the names of people as part of the culture of the society are subject to adjustment and change in the framework of the process of social and cultural change experienced by the native culture. Other environmental, economic, social and class differences factors also contribute in determining the quality of the names within the society
Full Text Available The psychological foundation of rites de passage have long been debated within the history of religion and related areas. The significance of such rites in facilitating emotional readjustment to a new life situation have been particularly stressed. Emotional reactions on the individual level largely remain outside the competence of anthropologists, despite their awareness of the general influence of culture on this as on other areas of human endeavour. Focusing on traumatized female refugees from Iran, a critical question is whether the changing living conditions which have provoked traumatic experiences in the lives of these refugees have been in any way related to Muslim ritual requirements or rites de passage.
Tørring, Marie Louise
paradigms, drugs, self-reporting scales, human resources, monitors, guidelines, habits, and cultural beliefs all shape the way people respond to pain. Thus, actor-network theory proves itself as an alternative, useful tool for understanding the way cultural stereotypes equally affect pain behavior, pain......In this article, the author urges anthropologists to stop ignoring culture's presence in social life and to take a more contextual approach to pain and culture in order to challenge the emergent cultural essentialism in health care literature. The study is founded on six months of ethnographic...
Full Text Available The article characterizes the ethnological theory and method of Theodor Koch-Grünberg (1872-1924, a German anthropologist who made four visits to Brazil between 1896 and 1924, and who was especially noted for his writings about the Indians of the Rio Negro and Rio Branco, and the ethnographic collections, sound recordings, photography and films made during these journeys. The author relates this documentary material with Koch-Grünberg’s ethnographic project within the tradition of German Völkerkunde.
Mac Con Iomaire, Máirtín
Claudia Roden is an award winning cookbook writer and cultural anthropologist based in the United Kingdom. She is co-chair with Paul Levy of the Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery. She was born in 1936 in Cairo, Egypt. After completing her formal education in Paris, she moved to London to study at Saint Martin's School of Art. She began her career as a painter, but soon realised following the Suez Crisis that the Jewish food culture of Egypt was disappearing which led her to begin her study...
T. K, Choy,; Tsing, Anna
Experiments in collaboration open new investigative possibilities for cultural anthropologists. In this report, we use our research on matsutake mushrooms to show the promise of collaborative experiments for ethnographers of scale making, global connection, and human–nonhuman relations. Anna Tsing...... introduces. Mogu Mogu (Timothy Choy and Shiho Satsuka) argue that the mushroomic figure of mycorrhizal life illuminates workings of capital and power, nature and culture. Lieba Faier examines contingency—through the effect of weather and bugs on matsutake production—as a form of self-positioning that emerges...
Blok, Anders; Carlsen, Hjalmar Alexander Bang; Jørgensen, Tobias Bornakke
The era of ‘big data’ studies and computational social science has recently given rise to a number of realignments within and beyond the social sciences, where otherwise distinct data formats – digital, numerical, ethnographic, visual, etc. – rub off and emerge from one another in new ways....... This article chronicles the collaboration between a team of anthropologists and sociologists, who worked together for one week in an experimental attempt to combine ‘big’ transactional and ‘small’ ethnographic data formats. Our collaboration is part of a larger cross-disciplinary project carried out...
An anthropologist describes how he found himself at the vortex of a "clash of medical civilizations:" neoliberalism and the international primary health care movement. His involvement in a $6 million social change initiative in medical education became a basis to unlock the hidden tensions, contradictions and movements within the "primary care" phenomenon. The essay is structured on five ethnographic stories, situated on a continuum from "natural" species-level primary care to "unnatural" neoliberal primary care. Food is an element of all tales. Taking the long view of history/prehistory permits us to better recognize ideological distortions in order to more capably transform medicine.
At one level, anthropologists remain functionalists in that they generally see acts and institutions as contributing to a greater social whole only through which they make sense. Thus, sorcery accusations have been traditionally interpreted in terms of maintaining social harmony and cohesion. In the case of Haitian zombification, the zombi seems a locally misidentified victim who is frequently mentally ill. As a hapless non-agent, the zombi cannot initiate the sorcery accusations, so how do we understand the recognition and rescue of the zombi, either in terms of social function or social action?
Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera
Full Text Available As a family physician and medical anthropologist, I have interacted with pregnant women and their families in Minnesota since 1983 and in one Hmong village in Northern Thailand since 1988. In the previous article I describe our recent research about Hmong families’ pregnancy and birth practices in Thailand. In this article, I reflect upon the differences in Minnesota and Thailand, consider what socio-cultural factors may be influencing people’s experiences, and speculate that Minnesota Hmong experiences could be helpful to Thai Hmong.
Fortescue, Michael David
This dictionary undertakes to reconstruct the lexis and morphology of the Nivkh proto-language by marshaling and organizing all the data available in published form on the contemporary dialects. It builds upon a considerable body of descriptive and comparative work carried out by scholars who have...... World is a subject of continuing interest to both linguists and anthropologists. The dictionary does not address this question directly. Reconstructing the proto-language is an essential step, however, to any further comparative work – in particular to sorting out the relationship between Nivkh...
Roseane Silveira de Souza
Full Text Available Biographical notes in memory of historian, anthropologist and folklorist Vicente Juarimbu Salles, born in the State of Pará and deceased in March 2013 in Rio de Janeiro. Salles has authored reference works on the history of Pará and collected important documents, available at the Museu da Universidade Federal do Pará. The article highlights space and temporal landmarks of his life and career as intellectual and researcher; his major book titles; the small book editions that he produced; and his theoretical and methodological contributions to the history of the Amazon, especially on the black people.
Villadsen, Katrine Weiersoe; Blix, Charlotte; Boisen, Kirsten A
. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A trained anthropologist interviewed seven adolescents who had individual sessions with a social educator during their hospital stay. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, and the transcripts were coded and thematized continuously. RESULTS: Through qualitative...... for adolescent patients. To achieve this, the social educator offers an individualized social-pedagogical intervention for young people during long-term or repeated hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the impact of the social-pedagogical intervention using a qualitative approach...
Samdani, Rais Ahmed; Mahmood, Khalid
Computer is by far the greatest invention in human history. The idea of a global village, which once was the dream of Sociologists, Anthropologists and Philosophers, has now become reality. Information Technology (IT) is the order of the day with the advent of the new millennium. It has now become imperative to keep pace with its swift movement. Its influence on our lives is bright as the sun. No doubt that, after the invention of wheel, computer is the second greatest invention that revolut...